WorldWideScience

Sample records for happen present crises

  1. Financial integration and financial development in transition economies: What happens during financial crises?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Masten

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available

    This paper provides an empirical analysis of the role of financial development and financial integration in the growth dynamics of transition countries. We focus on the role of financial integration in determining the impact of financial development on growth, distinguishing “normal times” from periods of financial crises. In addition to confirming the significant positive effect on growth exerted by financial development and financial integration, our estimates show that a higher degree of financial openness tends to reduce the contractionary effect of financial crises, by cushioning the effect on the domestic supply of credit. Consequently, the high reliance on international capital flows by transition countries does not necessarily increase their financial fragility. This implies that financial protectionism is a self-defeating policy, at least for transition countries.

  2. THE PRESENT GLOBAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AFTER CRISES AND LOCAL AND REGIONAL CONFLICTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionel–Lucian SANDU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The actual article is intended to underline the way in which crises and local and regional conflicts nowadays influence the global economic development The dependence of the small states on the actions of the more developed countries, the economic growth accelerated by the scientific-technological developments and the attitude of the geopolitical actors on global context, describe in detail the ideas extracted from the theme of this article. The economic development is necessary, convenient and unavoidable, the main problems appearing when the main raw materials and essential resources for human survival must be insured. The present international relations and the ways in which political-diplomatic differences are solved, support the need of existence and involvement of some organizations and unbiased pacifist forums wherever societies have differences of opinions.

  3. Managing Crises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eggen, Jerald D.; Mackenzie, R. Alec

    1987-01-01

    To avoid emergency-driven work environments, crises should be anticipated to the extent possible; steps should be taken to prevent them or limit their consequences. Crises have both internal (personal) and external causes based on poor performance, unreasonable demands, or shifting priorities. Administrators need to cushion deadlines, clarify…

  4. Systemic Crises and Growth

    OpenAIRE

    Romain Ranciere; Aaron Tornell; Frank Westermann

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we document the fact that countries that have experienced occasional financial crises have, on average, grown faster than countries with stable financial conditions. We measure the incidence of crisis with the skewness of credit growth, and find that it has a robust negative effect on GDP growth. This link coexists with the negative link between variance and growth typically found in the literature. To explain the link between crises and growth we present a model where contract...

  5. Strengthening the evidence base for health programming in humanitarian crises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ager, A; Burnham, G; Checchi, F; Gayer, M; Grais, R F; Henkens, M; Massaquoi, M B F; Nandy, R; Navarro-Colorado, C; Spiegel, P

    2014-09-12

    Given the growing scale and complexity of responses to humanitarian crises, it is important to develop a stronger evidence base for health interventions in such contexts. Humanitarian crises present unique challenges to rigorous and effective research, but there are substantial opportunities for scientific advance. Studies need to focus where the translation of evidence from noncrisis scenarios is not viable and on ethical ways of determining what happens in the absence of an intervention. Robust methodologies suited to crisis settings have to be developed and used to assess interventions with potential for delivery at scale. Strengthening research capacity in the low- to middle-income countries that are vulnerable to crises is also crucial. Copyright © 2014, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  6. Oil crises

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Linderoth, H.

    1992-01-01

    The author's aim was to give very precise information on the many causes and effects of the oil crises that have occurred since 1900, and at the same time offer the reader the possibility to build up a basic knowledge of the oil industry and market, as he feels that the public is often subjected to misleading information. Political and economical aspects are elaborated. First-hand sources such as statistics and investigations have been used as far as possible to give information on the oil market. An oil crisis is defined by the author as a significant change in the price of oil compared to prices of other goods. Changes can be in the form of either rising or falling prices. A special chapter concentrates on Denmark in relation to the oil crises. (AB) (165 refs.)

  7. Humanitarian Crises, Intervention and Security

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Heyse, Liesbet; Zwitter, Andrej; Wittek, Rafael; Herman, Joost

    2014-01-01

    This book presents a new framework of analysis to assess natural and man-made disasters and humanitarian crises, and the feasibility of interventions in these complex emergencies. The past half-century has witnessed a dramatic increase in such crises – such as in Haiti, Iraq and Sudan – and this

  8. Forecasting potential crises

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Neufeld, W.P.

    1984-01-01

    Recently, the Trend Analysis Program (TAP) of the American Council of Life Insurance commissioned the Futures Group of Glastonbury, Connecticut, to examine the potential for large-scale catastrophic events in the near future. TAP was specifically concerned with five potential crises: the warming of the earth's atmosphere, the water shortage, the collapse of the physical infrastructure, the global financial crisis, and the threat of nuclear war. We are often unprepared to take action; in these cases, we lose an advantage we might have otherwise had. This is the whole idea behind forecasting: to foresee possibilities and to project how we can respond. If we are able to create forecasts against which we can test policy options and choices, we may have the luxury of adopting policies ahead of events. Rather than simply fighting fires, we have the option of creating a future more to our choosing. Short descriptions of these five potential crises and, in some cases, possible solutions are presented

  9. Presentation of the CEA's crisis national organization: coordination centre in case of crisis, crisis technical teams, intervention means, and so on; Presentation de l'organisation nationale de crise du CEA: centre de coordination en cas de crise, equipes techniques de crise, moyens d'intervention...

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pectorin, X. [CEA Fontenay-aux-Roses, MR/DCS/DIR, 92 (France)

    2010-07-01

    After having briefly recalled the existence of a legal framework for crisis management organisation, this report briefly describes how the CEA plans the crisis management. This management is based on the definition of critical scenarios, on the building up of a crisis management team, and on the elaboration of crisis management operational documents. It evokes the alert organisation and the triggering of crisis management. Then, it describes the CEA's national crisis organisation with its main crisis management structures, the role and the operation of the Crisis Coordination Centre (CCC, the decision body), the role and operation of the Central Crisis Technical Teams (ETC-C, Equipes Techniques de Crise Centrales), the role of field interveners (various rescue, protection, health care and technical teams) and of other additional intervention actors. It evokes the objectives of the various exercises which are organised every year at the internal, national or international level

  10. A Cacophony of Crises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Johannes Dragsbæk

    2010-01-01

    Abstract A cacophony of crises challenges neoliberalism and marks a fundamental reversal in capitalism itself. This is a systemic failure of the capitalist mode of production to renovate and renew itself through a multiplicity of environmental and resource crises and the financial crises which has...

  11. Banking crises : A review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laeven, L.

    2011-01-01

    This review surveys the theoretical and empirical literature on the causes and consequences of banking crises, and summarizes the lessons learned from policy interventions to resolve banking crises. Despite their different origins, banking crises display similar patterns. Their causes lie in

  12. Gender inequality in economic crises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Gálvez Muñoz

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a historical analysis of the economic crises of the last hundred years from a feminist economics perspective, highlighting three historical patterns that can help to advance in a deeper understanding of the current crisis and, above all, to guarantee a way out of this crisis with more and not less equality. The first pattern is that crises result in an intensification of women's work, especially the unpaid care work. The second one is that after economic crises male employment recovery is always previous to the female employment, which always ends even more precarious; and the third pattern is that crisis lead to setbacks in the advances made in gender equality in terms of regulation, equality policies and the rules of the game in general.

  13. Accounting for Crises

    OpenAIRE

    Venky Nagar; Gwen Yu

    2014-01-01

    We provide among the first empirical evidence consistent with recent macro global-game crisis models, which show that the precision of public signals can coordinate crises (e.g., Angeletos and Werning, 2006; Morris and Shin, 2002, 2003). In these models, self-fulfilling crises (independent of poor fundamentals) can occur only when publicly disclosed signals of fundamentals have high precision; poor fundamentals are the sole driver of crises only in low precision settings. We find evidence con...

  14. Indicators of financial crises do work! : an early-warning system for six Asian countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lestano, [No Value; Jacobs, Jan; Kuper, Gerard H.

    2003-01-01

    Indicators of financial crisis generally do not have a good track record. This paper presents an early warning system for six countries in Asia, in which indicators do work.We distinguish three types of financial crises, currency crises, banking crises and debt crises, and extract four groups of

  15. A pessoa com deficiência e a crise das identidades na contemporaneidade The handicapped person and identity crisis in the present day

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita de Cássia Barbosa Paiva Magalhães

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio tem como objetivo discutir a crise das identidades e suas repercussões no que diz respeito às identidades socialmente estigmatizadas, sobretudo as das pessoas com deficiência. Essa crise acontece em meio às profundas modificações sociais e econômicas no contexto da pós-modernidade. A identidade, entendida como constructo histórico-cultural, é mediada por relações de poder, e não se refere a uma "entidade" imutável e arduamente construída, mas a algo fluido e metamórfico. Ao examinar as relações entre diferença e identidade, sustentamos que tais conceitos estão imbricados no contexto dessa crise. A discussão sobre identidade e diferença remete-nos à obra de Erving Goffman e ao conceito de estigma na perspectiva da compreensão da manipulação da identidade dos sujeitos que discrepam das expectativas sociais. A identidade da pessoa com deficiência tende a sofrer, em virtude do estigma, processos de controle social nos quais são negadas importantes oportunidades de metamorfose. Discutir identidade pode ser, portanto, um fio condutor para a compreensão da inserção social e escolar da pessoa com deficiência.The objective of this essay is to discuss identity crisis and its repercussions as far as concerns socially stigmatized identities, above all those of handicapped people. This crisis is taking place in the midst of profound social and economic changes in the context of post-modernity. Identity, understood as being an historical and cultural construct, is influenced by relationships of power and is not an immutable and arduously constructed "entity" but something fluid and metamorphic. By examining the relationships between difference and identity, we maintain that such concepts overlap within the context of this crisis. The discussion about identity and difference refers us to the work of Erving Goffman and the concept of stigma in the perspective of the understanding of the manipulation of the identity of

  16. Perfil de crise hipertensiva: prevalência e apresentação clínica Hypertensive crisis profile: prevalence and clinical presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Fernando Vilela Martin

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência, o quadro clínico e as lesões orgânicas envolvidas em uma crise hipertensiva. MÉTODO: Estudo retrospectivo de análise de prontuários médicos de pacientes com elevação dos níveis de pressão arterial diastólica > 120 mmHg e sintomáticos, atendidos em setor de emergência de hospital universitário durante 12 meses. Urgência foi caracterizada como elevação sintomática da pressão arterial sem evidências de lesão em órgão-alvo e, emergência hipertensiva, como elevação sintomática da pressão arterial com evidências de lesão aguda ou em evolução de órgão-alvo. RESULTADOS: Incluídos 452 pacientes com crise hipertensiva, representando 0,5% de todas as emergências clínico-cirúrgicas, sendo 273 (60,4% de urgência e 179 (39,6% de emergência hipertensiva. Não conheciam ser hipertensos 18%. Tabagismo e diabetes foram fatores de risco associados ao desenvolvimento de crise hipertensiva em 1/4 e 1/5 dos pacientes, respectivamente. Pacientes com emergência apresentaram maior idade (59,6 ± 14,8 vs 49,9 ± 18,6 anos, p OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of hypertensive crisis, related clinical findings, and the organic lesions involved. METHOD: This retrospective study comprised the analysis of the medical records of symptomatic patients with an elevation in diastolic blood pressure levels > 120 mmHg, who sought the emergency unit of a university-affiliated hospital over 12 months. Hypertensive urgency was characterized as the symptomatic elevation of blood pressure levels with no evidence of target-organ lesions, and hypertensive emergency was characterized as the symptomatic elevation of blood pressure levels with evidence of acute or ongoing target-organ lesion. RESULTS: This study comprised 452 patients with hypertensive crisis, accounting for 0.5% of all clinicosurgical emergencies, of which, 273 (60.4% were hypertensive urgencies and 179 (39.6% were hypertensive emergencies. Eighteen

  17. Stochastic Modeling of Past Volcanic Crises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Gordon

    2018-01-01

    The statistical foundation of disaster risk analysis is past experience. From a scientific perspective, history is just one realization of what might have happened, given the randomness and chaotic dynamics of Nature. Stochastic analysis of the past is an exploratory exercise in counterfactual history, considering alternative possible scenarios. In particular, the dynamic perturbations that might have transitioned a volcano from an unrest to an eruptive state need to be considered. The stochastic modeling of past volcanic crises leads to estimates of eruption probability that can illuminate historical volcanic crisis decisions. It can also inform future economic risk management decisions in regions where there has been some volcanic unrest, but no actual eruption for at least hundreds of years. Furthermore, the availability of a library of past eruption probabilities would provide benchmark support for estimates of eruption probability in future volcanic crises.

  18. FINANCIAL CRISES AND TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MERT URAL

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Since the last three decades, in developed and developing counties the liberalization and openness efforts have been witnessed. However, financial liberalization attempts (both internal and external without having macroeconomic stability lead to financial crises in many developing countries. Macroeconomic instabilities create fragile financial markets paving the way for future economic crises. The Turkish Economy, completed the liberalization process with foreign trade liberalization in 1980 and by removing controls on capital accounts in 1989. However, since 1990’s economy got into ‘growth-instability-crisis’ vicious circle, because of the fluctuations in the financial structure. By employing a factor analysis (principal components analysis, this work, aims to obtain the factors that effect crises in Turkey.

  19. [Crises of trust].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Thai-Form; Tseng, Hsing-Chau

    2006-02-01

    Extensive media coverage is warning of a crisis of trust that has emerged as a serious issue in our society. This article explores the meaning of "crisis," concepts of crisis management, mechanisms for building trust, and the underlying significance of trust and distrust. Evidence is adduced to testify to the erosion of trust and factors in our society that reflect the potential for crises of trust. Organizational decision makers, including hospital managers, are urged to identify and reflect upon weaknesses in their organizations in order that remedial action can be taken to preempt such crises.

  20. The Determinants of Banking Crises and Currency Crises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young Mok Bae

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the factors associated with the emergence of banking crises and currency crises and the interrelationship between the two crises in 21 American, European and Asian countries in 1973~2000 using a multivariate logit econometric model. And this analysis attempts to introduce the lag model to solve the causality problems in banking crises and currency crises. In case of the simple binary models without lag, banking crises were associated with economic recession, inflation, depreciation, the rise of real interest rate, lending boom. But in case of lag models, banking crises were caused by economic recession, inflation, the rise of real interest rate, lending boom, the rise of reserve ratio, the liberalization of capital account. Currency crises were associated with economic recession, the larger deficit of current account relative to import in case of the simple binary models without lag, But in case of lag models, currency crises were caused by economic recession, the rapid decrease of net foreign assets of banks, and the larger deficit of current account relative to import. And this analysis shows that currency crises can be a cause of banking crises, not vice versa. Nevertheless the two types of crises have positive correlation with each other.

  1. Identifying product development crises: The potential of adaptive heuristics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Münzberger, C.; Stingl, Verena; Oehmen, Josef

    2017-01-01

    This paper introduces adaptive heuristics as a tool to identify crises in design projects and highlights potential applications of these heuristics as decision support tool for crisis identification. Crises may emerge slowly or suddenly, and often have ambiguous signals. Thus the identification...... for the application of heuristics in design sciences. To achieve this, the paper compares crises to 'business as usual', and presents sixteen indicators for emerging crises. These indicators are potential cues for adaptive heuristics. Specifically three adaptive heuristics, One-single-cue, Fast-and-Frugal-Trees...

  2. Collective Intelligence in Crises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Büscher, Monika; Liegl, Michael; Thomas, Vanessa

    2014-01-01

    New practices of social media use in emergency response seem to enable broader `situation awareness' and new forms of crisis management. The scale and speed of innovation in this field engenders disruptive innovation or a reordering of social, political, economic practices of emergency response....... By examining these dynamics with the concept of social collective intelligence, important opportunities and challenges can be examined. In this chapter we focus on socio-technical aspects of social collective intelligence in crises to discuss positive and negative frictions and avenues for innovation...

  3. Financial crises and monetary policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goderis, B.V.G.

    2005-01-01

    In the last three decades, many countries and regions around the world have suffered from currency crises. This thesis investigates the causes of such crises and assesses the role of monetary policy as a tool to avoid them or limit the damage they impose. In addition, it studies the impact of the

  4. What Ever Happened To...?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Early, Margaret

    1993-01-01

    Notes that the instability of the lexicon of reading instruction suggests the presence of insecurity, not its cause. Looks at selected topics (including Right to Read, Evelyn Wood, individually guided instruction) across time by asking: "What ever happened to...? What is happening to...? and What do I hope will happen to...?" (RS)

  5. Facing the Crises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moira Baker

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Timely, provocative, and theoretically sophisticated, the essays comprising In the Face of Crises: Anglophone Literature in the Postmodern World situate their work amid several critical global concerns: the devastation wreaked by global capitalism following the worldwide financial crash, the financial sector’s totalizing grip upon the world economy, the challenge to traditional definitions of “human nature” and identity posed by technologies of the body and of warfare, the quest of indigenous communities for healing from the continuing traumatic effects of colonization, and the increasing corporatization of the academy as an apparatus of the neo-liberal state – to specify only a few. Edited by Professors Ljubica Matek and Jasna Poljak Rehlicki, these essays deploy a broad range of contemporary theories, representing recent developments in cultural studies, the new economic criticism, postcolonial film studies, feminism and gender studies, and the new historicism. The eleven essays selected by Matek and Rehlicki offer convincing support for their claim that humanistic research delving into Anglophone literature, far from being a “non-profitable” pursuit in an increasingly technologized society, affords clarifying insights into contemporary “economic, cultural, and social processes in the globalizing and globalized culture of the West” (ix.

  6. Early Life Crises of Habitable Planets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pierrehumbert, Raymond

    2006-01-01

    There are a number of crises that a potentially habitable planet must avoid or surmount if its potential is to be realized. These include the runaway greenhouse, loss of atmosphere by chemical or physical processes, and long-lasting global glaciation. In this lecture I will present research on the climate dynamics governing such processes, with particular emphasis on the lessons to be learned from the cases of Early Mars and the Neoproterozoic Snowball Earth.

  7. An Exploratory Study of Crises in Product Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muenzberg, Christopher; Gericke, K.; Oehmen, Josef

    2016-01-01

    , which leads to the absence of crisis-specific design support [Münzberg et al.2015]. We conducted an explorative interview study to address the first research question. In this study 15 experienced design engineers were interviewed about their experiences with crises. We documented their understanding...... the interview results, by reflecting them against product development success factors [Gericke et al. 2013]. We propose these as a design support tool for crises, which is suitable for industrial practice. By answering the two questions, this paper contributes to theory by identifying "context factors", which...... of the interview study. In Section 4, crises are characterised and example situations are presented. Section 5 focuses on success factors. Section 6 closes with a discussion and conclusion, examining the answers to the research questions and developing a novel definition of crises in product development....

  8. A Theoretical Overview of Currency Crises

    OpenAIRE

    Hongxia, Guo

    2005-01-01

    In the 1980s and 1990s, currency crises occurred frequently in various parts of the world. This paper provides an overview of the currency crises theories, which investigate the cause of these currency crises, the determinant factors of their depth, and the mechanism of their effects on actual economy. Based on the three-generation classification, this paper surveys currency crises theories with focus on the differences among them.

  9. Exploring organizational crises from a legitimation perspective: Results from a computer simulation and illustrative cases

    OpenAIRE

    Breitsohl, Heiko

    2008-01-01

    Organizational crises are rare, yet they fundamentally influence the evolution of organizations. An aspect of crises deserving more attention is the interaction of organizations and their stakeholders during a crisis from a legitimation perspective. This paper presents a simulation model mapping causal relationships behind this interaction. Results suggest that the nature and timing of organizational response to crises has considerable effect on the success and duration of attempts of regaini...

  10. A Trilogy of Unfortunate Events in China: Reflecting on the Management of Crises

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang A. Long; William Crandall; John Parnell

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, the authors address three recent organizational crises that have occurred in China; the SK-II cosmetic incident, the Sharon Stone comment on the May 2008 earthquake in China, and the melamine milk contamination crisis. Each held significant notoriety due to the crises involving major companies and an assortment of negative outcomes. After presenting an overview of each case, the authors outline their reflections on the management of these crises in relation to their cultural co...

  11. Intervention in systemic banking crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Homar, T.

    2016-01-01

    Systemic banking crises often continue into recessions with large output losses. Governments and central banks intervene to preserve the key functions of the financial system and to mitigate the adverse impact of financial distress on economic growth. This thesis investigates how effective

  12. Managing Product-Harm Crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.J. van Heerde (Harald); K. Helsen; M.G. Dekimpe (Marnik)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractProduct-harm crises are among a firm’s worst nightmares. Since marketing investments may be instrumental to convince consumers to purchase the firm's products again, it is important to provide an adequate measurement of the effectiveness of these investments, especially after the crisis.

  13. Makedoonia happening / Margus Kiis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiis, Margus

    2003-01-01

    Mooste külalisstuudios viibivad makedoonia tegevuskunstnikud Denis Saraginovski ja Slobodanka Stevceska rühmitusest OPA tutvustasid 8. X Tartu Kunstimajas video vahendusel oma teoseid. Viljeldakse peamiselt happening'i

  14. Youth unemployment rate and impact of financial crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Choudhry, Misbah Tanveer; Marelli, Enrico; Signorelli, Marcello

    2012-01-01

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to assess the impact of financial crises on the youth unemployment rate (YUR). The authors consider different types of financial crises (systemic banking crises, non-systemic banking crises, currency crises and debt crises) and different groups of countries,

  15. Currency crises: Is Asia different?

    OpenAIRE

    Diehl, Markus; Schweickert, Rainer

    1998-01-01

    International investors' enthusiasm with respect to growth prospects in Southeast Asia has been followed by panic. Both the outstanding economic performance of Southeast Asian economies and their ability to master adjustment challenges had led most observers of these economies to the conclusion that "Asia is different". In comparison with previous currency crises, the macroeconomic fundamentals (GDP growth, inflation, fiscal deficit, external indebtedness, domestic savings, export performance...

  16. The present global financial and economic crisis and the oil crises of the 1970s. Opposite turning points in the development of economic growth, energy supply, and the role of nuclear power?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Herrmann, Dieter

    2012-01-01

    After decades of extensive economic growth, the oil crises in the 1970s enforced the transition to intensive growth in a manner conserving resources, combined with a fundamental turnaround in the development of global energy supply and the role of nuclear power. Meanwhile, the world has changed considerably as a result of population growth, technical progress, and globalization - and it is in the throes of another crisis. The contribution shows, on the basis of empirical indicators, that higher commodity prices halted the period of intense growth already in late 2007. The following global financial and economic crisis can be interpreted plausibly as a return to extensive economic growth worldwide. This is likely to have far-reaching consequences for the future development of global energy supply and the role of nuclear power. (orig.)

  17. Population crises and population cycles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, C; Russell, W M

    2000-01-01

    To prevent a population irretrievably depleting its resources, mammals have evolved a behavioural and physiological response to population crisis. When a mammalian population becomes dangerously dense, there is a reversal of behaviour. Co-operation and parental behaviour are replaced by competition, dominance and aggressive violence, leading to high mortality, especially of females and young, and a reduced population. The stress of overpopulation and the resulting violence impairs both the immune and the reproductive systems. Hence epidemics complete the crash of the population, and reproduction is slowed for three or four generations, giving the resources ample time to recover. In some mammal species, crisis and crisis response recur regularly, leading to cycles of population growth and relapse, oscillating about a fixed mean. Population crisis response and population cycles have been equally prominent in the history of human societies. But in man successive advances in food production have made possible growing populations, though with every such advance population soon outgrew resources again. Hence human cycles have been superimposed on a rising curve, producing a saw-tooth graph. Because advances in food production amounted to sudden disturbances in the relations between human populations and their environments, the crisis response in man has failed to avert famine and resource damage. In the large human societies evolved since the coming of settled agriculture and cities, the basic effects of violence, epidemics, famine and resource damage have been mediated by such specifically human disasters as inflation, unemployment, and political tyranny. An account of past crises, periods of relative relief from population pressure, and resulting cycles, is given for a number of regions: China, North Africa and Western Asia, the northern Mediterranean, and north-western Europe. The paper ends with an account of the present world-wide population crisis, and the solution

  18. Crise ecologica, crise capitalista, crise de civilização: a alternativa ecossocialista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Löwy

    Full Text Available Neste artigo defende-se a tese que a crise do capitalismo e a crise ecológica resultam da dinâmica do sistema capitalista que transforma seres humanos e recursos naturais em mercadorias necessárias à expansão dos negócios e a acumulação de lucros. Na sua feição atual a crise reflete as dificuldades da civilização capitalista industrial e do seu modo de vida caracterizado pelo american way of life, em manter-se sem rupturas. A questão ecológica, do meio ambiente, é central no capitalismo. As tentativas de soluções, a exemplo da Tratado de Kioto e as medidas pactuadas em Copenhagen em 2008, estão muito aquém das providências necessárias à resolução do problema . O ecosocialismo, em sua utopia, mas sem ser uma abstração, apresenta-se como um paradigma de civilização alternativo.

  19. CRISES AND REVOLUTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián Sotelo Valencia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the materialist theory of development and fall of Marxism based on the theory of value as originally considered and presented by Karl Marx in Grundrisse and in Crítica da Economia Política, claiming that the production of value depends on labor force. As it takes place today, capital displaces labor force in every industry, service and activity, country, territory and region all over the world; workers are dismissed and are transferred to speculative activities of the fictional capital. This lesser disposition of labor force eventually harms the mean profit rate and, as time goes by, it provokes a crisis. The present capitalist crisis is resultant from the insufficiency and, to certain extent, to the incapacity of mechanisms from the system to generate enough value production in the labor process, to provide value to the invested capital (in settings of production, raw matter, and in labor force or variable capital; to create more value and to regain increased profit rate. These restraints of the financial capital (fictional capital cause a deviation to the speculative plan and contribute for the formation of tragic speculative bubbles in sectors such as those of housing, energy and food. No matter how much productivity is increased, developing a technological revolution and “sparing labor force”, the reduction of time, socially required for the production of goods and labor force, becomes harder and more marginal. This is the way the capitalist system enters a civilian, structural and organic crisis, as it is now. To go beyond the capital means to construct structures and superstructures of a new non-capitalist society based on a new way to produce, to work and to keep harmonious and friendly human social relations. It is difficult to have a successful revolution if not with the education of its agents, that is, the organized front people, parties and syndicates that will raise the social, political and cultural

  20. Drug Safety Crises Management in Pharmacovigilance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Shalviri

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adverse drug events can cause serious consequences including death. A published report by Lazarou et al in 1998 showed that adverse drug events were the 4th to 6th leading cause of death in the United States. These events may lead to drug safety crises in some issues, which need to take crises management process for solving the problem and/or preventing similar events.Objectives: To evaluate nature of drug safety crises based on adverse events reported to Iranian Pharmacovigilance Center from 1999 through 2012. To mention success and failure outcomes of crises management process taken against detected crises.Methods: All adverse drug events received by Iranian Pharmacovigilance Center from 1999 through 2012 were evaluated for reports with fatal outcome. All alerting letters and manuscripts published by the Center during the same period were reviewed for detailed information on detected crises. World Health Organization definition was used for detecting drug safety crises.Results: Among 42036 registered cases in our database, 463 deaths were recorded. The most frequent suspected drug for adverse events with fatal outcome was ceftriaxone (100 cases. Ten different drug safety crises issues were detected during the study period and their successful or failure outcomes were evaluated. There were 112 issued alerting letters and 17 published manuscript during the same period which was monitored for detailed information.  Conclusion: It is necessary for national pharmacovigilance centers to have prepared programs for crises management. This could be useful for reducing drug related mortality.

  1. Legitimation Crises in Premodern Worlds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter N. Peregrine

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Scholars employing world-system theory have tended to examine how world-systemsdevelop and expand, while few have addressed the fragmentation or collapse of world-systems. This paper explores the conditions of world-system collapse using Habermas's concept of legitimation crisis as a starting point. The paper posits that legitimation crises are a recurring problem in world-systems and have led to collapse in a number of cases. Prehistoric North American and Pacific world-systems are used as examples.

  2. REFLETINDO SOBRE AS ESPECIFICIDADES DA GEOGRAFIA NA CRISE DA MODERNIDADE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrício A. S. Carneiro Carneiro

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo discute a evolução da ciência moderna, bem como a crise desse paradigma dominante e seus efeitos sobre a geografia. Destaca ainda a necessidade da construção de um novo pensamento científico para além das fronteiras disciplinares e do método absoluto.

  3. The Social Costs of Financial Crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.A. van Dijk (Mathijs)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractThis paper studies the impact of financial crises on society. Using data on 187 banking crises in 126 countries over the period 1970-2009, I examine the impact of a crisis not only on the economy and the financial sector, but also on health, education, poverty, and gender issues. A

  4. Financial Stress Indices and Financial Crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, Robert; Hoeberichts, Marco; Vasicek, Borek; Zigraiova, Diana; Smidkova, Katerina; de Haan, Jakob

    This paper develops a Financial Stress Index (FSI) for 28 OECD countries and examines its relationship to crises using a novel database for financial crises. A stress index measures the current state of stress in the financial system and summarizes it in a single statistic. Our results suggest that

  5. Speculative attacks, openness and crises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aloisio Araujo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available We extended the Cole and Kehoe model (1996 by adding trade and debt denominated in national currency. We then evaluated some external debt defaults and steep national currency devaluations occurred during last decades. Although default is unlikely, steep devaluation has been repeatedly triggered during financial distresses. It helps to overcome financial crisis as it improves trade balance and reduces national debt level. On the other hand, expected devaluation hurts welfare through both higher national debt cost and reductions in the investment level. We modeled such trade-offs and showed that trade openness, by and large, improves the expected welfare as it allows for a better devaluation-response technology. We ran model simulations based on past 48 crises occurred in 32 middle-income countries, reasonably fitting devaluation and default responses observed as from 1971.

  6. Europe's vulnerability to energy crises

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-01-15

    The growing dependency of Europe as a whole on energy imports and anticipated further increases in energy prices reinforce the concerns about meeting the energy demand in the future. The objective of the Study is to identify the threats leading to potential energy crises and suggest solutions for facing, in an appropriate way, the related key challenges. In addition, the Study intends to develop a number of indicators effective enough to assess the level of different types of vulnerability, as well the overall vulnerability of a country or region, including threats to physical disruption, higher energy prices etc. The use of vulnerability indicators is highly recommended for all WEC-European countries, as well as to policy makers and market players.

  7. State network approach to characteristics of financial crises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Lu; Gu, Changgui; Xiao, Qin; Yang, Huijie; Wu, Guolin

    2018-02-01

    Extensive works have reported that a financial crisis can induce significant changes to topological structure of a stock network constructed with cross-correlations between stocks. But there are still some problems to be answered, such as what is the relationship between different crises in history and how to classify them? In the present work, we propose a new network-based solution to extract and display the relationships between the crises. The Dow Jones stock market is investigated as a typical example. The cross-correlation matrix between stocks is used to measure the state of stock market, called state matrix. All the states cluster into six sub-categories. A state network is constructed further to display the relationships between all the states, which contains a total of nine communities. It is found that three crises C , D and E (refer to the Lehman's bankruptcy in 2008, the Euro-zone and International Monetary Fund decide the first bailout for Greece in 2010, and the European sovereign debt crisis in 2011, respectively) belong to a specific sub-category and cluster in a single community. The mid-stage of C is closely linked with E, while the other stages with D. The other two crises A and B (refer to the financial crisis in Asia in 1997, and the burst of "dot-com bubble" in 2002, respectively) belong to another sub-category and gather in a corner of another single community. A and B are linked directly with C and D by two edges. By this way, we give a clear picture of the relationships between the crises.

  8. Crises in Asia or crisis of globalisation?

    OpenAIRE

    Dieter, Heribert

    1998-01-01

    The crises in Southeast and East Asia have started a new round of debate on the benefits and disadvantages of globalisation. We have to ask whether the crises in Asia were the result of failures in national economic policy or whether they were the consequence of ill-constructed global financial markets. It can be concluded that the crises were caused by a number of factors, both internal and external, but that the decisive shifts came from actors on international financial markets as well as ...

  9. What makes microfinance happen?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Antonio Jiménez Castillo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we have attempted to shed light on what makes development happen from those determinants that enable microfinance work as an effective tool to eradicate poverty. The effectiveness of such instrument in the generation of wealth to the poorest class demand overcoming the minimalist approach that condemns its practices to a mere provision of microfinancial services. This hypothesis will be analytically and empirically proven assuming human development as a cause and not only as an outcome of the microfinance success. To such end, two regression lines were designed where variables such as education, health and food security proved to be explanatory determinant to explain income behaviour for those beneficiaries of the microfinance programs.

  10. EPISTEMOLOGIA AMBIENTAL: A crise ambiental como uma crise da razão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matheus Silva De Gregori

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo tem como objetivo analisar a crise do meio ambiente sob uma abordagem epistemológica, ou seja, a partir do conhecimento produzido em relação à natureza. Verifica-se que o pensamento ocidental, manifestado pelos paradigmas da Ciência Moderna, está ligado à organização dos sistemas econômicos que reconheceram historicamente a natureza apenas como recurso e potencial de produção de capital, vindo a encontrar, por esta via, o limite entrópico da biosfera e, por conseguinte, do crescimento. Abordou-se o processo de construção do conhecimento, questionando-se a possibilidade de concepção de outras perspectivas, fundadas na inseparabilidade entre sujeito-objeto, ação-pensamento e homem-natureza. É percebida a necessidade do ser humano de se re-significar no mundo, conhecendo a complexidade da natureza e pensando além da crise ecológica.

  11. Is Monetary Policy Effective During Financial Crises?

    OpenAIRE

    Frederic S. Mishkin

    2009-01-01

    This short paper argues that the view that monetary policy is ineffective during financial crises is not only wrong, but may promote policy inaction in the face of a severe contractionary shock. To the contrary, monetary policy is more potent during financial crises because aggressive monetary policy easing can make adverse feedback loops less likely. The fact that monetary policy is more potent than during normal times provides a rationale for a risk-management approach to counter the contra...

  12. Financial crises: A culture of complacency

    OpenAIRE

    Tucker, J.

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to consider the role of complacency in financial crises over the last two decades, with a closer look at the ongoing Subprime Mortgage Financial Crisis. The theme of complacency and the concept of financial crisis are both explored. Financial crises are better understood by explaining their economic drivers and the fundamental role of complacency in the various transmission mechanisms involved. These drivers are then illustrated by means of recent selected financial c...

  13. Presentations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The presented materials consist of presentations of international workshop which held in Warsaw from 4 to 5 October 2007. Main subject of the meeting was progress in manufacturing as well as research program development for neutron detector which is planned to be placed at GANIL laboratory and will be used in nuclear spectroscopy research

  14. The Keynesian Approach of Business Cycle and Economic Crises and its Criticism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionela Bălțătescu

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this article is to briefly present the Keynesian explanation of business cycle, economic fluctuation and crises, and also the solutions proposed from Keynesian perspective to the economic problems that characterize the bust phases of the business cycles (unemployment, recessions. In the fourth section of the article some criticisms of the Keynesian theoretical approach of the economic crises are considered and summarized.

  15. The scientific management of volcanic crises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marzocchi, Warner; Newhall, Christopher; Woo, Gordon

    2012-12-01

    Sound scientific management of volcanic crises is the primary tool to reduce significantly volcanic risk in the short-term. At present, a wide variety of qualitative or semi-quantitative strategies is adopted, and there is not yet a commonly accepted quantitative and general strategy. Pre-eruptive processes are extremely complicated, with many degrees of freedom nonlinearly coupled, and poorly known, so scientists must quantify eruption forecasts through the use of probabilities. On the other hand, this also forces decision-makers to make decisions under uncertainty. We review the present state of the art in this field in order to identify the main gaps of the existing procedures. Then, we put forward a general quantitative procedure that may overcome the present barriers, providing guidelines on how probabilities may be used to take rational mitigation actions. These procedures constitute a crucial link between science and society; they can be used to establish objective and transparent decision-making protocols and also clarify the role and responsibility of each partner involved in managing a crisis.

  16. COMUNIDADES VIRTUAIS COMO POTENCIALIZADORAS DE CRISES DE IMAGEM ORGANIZACIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Henrique Rauber

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo propõe discutir a importância do uso das comunidades virtuais na atualidade e sua relação com as crises de imagem nas organizações. Entendendo que o público usuário das marcas (cliente-consumidor, a partir do contato e da possibilidade de interação com estas comunidades virtuais, pode opinar e, também, receber informações sobre os produtos e serviços (sejam estas positivas ou negativas, estabelecer-se-ão exemplos de como isso ocorre, mencionando a comunidade virtual oficial da Coca-Cola na rede social Orkut. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Comunidades virtuais. Crises de imagem. Rede social. Publicidade. Coca-Cola.

  17. Coercive Diplomacy: Countering War-Threatening Crises and Armed Conflicts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Peter Viggo

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays states rarely resort to war to defeat each other or to address war-threatening crises and armed conflicts. Instead, coercive diplomacy has emerged as their strategy of choice when persuasion and other non-military instruments fall short. Coercive diplomacy involves the use of military...... threats and/or limited force (sticks) coupled with inducements and assurances (carrots) in order to influence the opponent to do something it would prefer not to. States use coercive diplomacy in the hope of achieving their objectives without having to resort to full-scale war. This chapter presents...... the strategy of coercive diplomacy and its requirements for success and shows how states have employed it to manage crises and conflicts during the three strategic eras that the world has passed through since the end of the Cold War....

  18. What Happens If They Say No? Preserving Access to Critical Commercial Space Capabilities during Future Crises

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    Overview. 3. Warren Ferster and Colin Clark, “NRO Confirms Chinese Laser Test Illuminated U.S. Spacecraft,” Space News, 3 October 2006, http...military/2008/11/11/blue-force-tracking-system-upgrade-seen-as-crucial; Rick Lober, “Why the Military Needs Commercial Satellite Technology,” Defense One

  19. Presentations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The PARIS meeting held in Cracow, Poland from 14 to 15 May 2007. The main subjects discussed during this meeting were the status of international project dedicated to gamma spectroscopy research. The scientific research program includes investigations of giant dipole resonance, probe of hot nuclei induced in heavy reactions, Jacobi shape transitions, isospin mixing and nuclear multifragmentation. The mentioned programme needs Rand D development such as new scintillations materials as lanthanum chlorides and bromides as well as new photo detection sensors as avalanche photodiodes - such subjects are also subjects of discussion. Additionally results of computerized simulations of scintillation detectors properties by means of GEANT- 4 code are presented

  20. What Happens When You Flip a Switch?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darling, Gerald

    2013-01-01

    Although energy is fundamental to our civilization, few high school students have a clear picture of what happens when they use it. To become informed citizens and decision makers, every high school student must understand how we generate electrical energy. Working through the series of inexpensive, hands-on activities presented in this article,…

  1. Presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Vicente

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present edition of Significação – Scientific Journal for Audiovisual Culture and in the others to follow something new is brought: the presence of thematic dossiers which are to be organized by invited scholars. The appointed subject for the very first one of them was Radio and the invited scholar, Eduardo Vicente, professor at the Graduate Course in Audiovisual and at the Postgraduate Program in Audiovisual Media and Processes of the School of Communication and Arts of the University of São Paulo (ECA-USP. Entitled Radio Beyond Borders the dossier gathers six articles and the intention of reuniting works on the perspectives of usage of such media as much as on the new possibilities of aesthetical experimenting being build up for it, especially considering the new digital technologies and technological convergences. It also intends to present works with original theoretical approach and original reflections able to reset the way we look at what is today already a centennial media. Having broadened the meaning of “beyond borders”, four foreign authors were invited to join the dossier. This is the first time they are being published in this country and so, in all cases, the articles where either written or translated into Portuguese.The dossier begins with “Radio is dead…Long live to the sound”, which is the transcription of a thought provoking lecture given by Armand Balsebre (Autonomous University of Barcelona – one of the most influential authors in the world on the Radio study field. It addresses the challenges such media is to face so that it can become “a new sound media, in the context of a new soundscape or sound-sphere, for the new listeners”. Andrew Dubber (Birmingham City University regarding the challenges posed by a Digital Era argues for a theoretical approach in radio studies which can consider a Media Ecology. The author understands the form and discourse of radio as a negotiation of affordances and

  2. Crises in clinical care: an approach to management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Runciman, W B; Merry, A F

    2005-06-01

    A "crisis" in health care is "the point in the course of a disease at which a decisive change occurs, leading either to recovery or to death". The daunting challenges faced by clinicians when confronted with a crisis are illustrated by a tragic case in which a teenage boy died after a minor surgical procedure. Crises are challenging for reasons which include: presentation with non-specific signs or symptoms, interaction of complex factors, progressive evolution, new situations, "revenge effects", inadequate assistance, and time constraints. In crises, clinicians often experience anxiety- and overload-induced performance degradation, tend to use "frequency gambling", run out of "rules" and have to work from first principles, and are prone to "confirmation bias". The effective management of crises requires formal training, usually simulator-based, and ideally in the inter-professional groups who will need to function as a team. "COVER ABCD-A SWIFT CHECK" is a pre-compiled algorithm which can be applied quickly and effectively to facilitate a systematic and effective response to the wide range of potentially lethal problems which may occur suddenly in anaesthesia. A set of 25 articles describing additional pre-compiled responses collated into a manual for the management of any crisis under anaesthesia has been published electronically as companion papers to this article. This approach to crisis management should be applied to other areas of clinical medicine as well as anaesthesia.

  3. Families in the context of macroeconomic crises: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca, Gabriela; Cunha, Diana; Crespo, Carla; Relvas, Ana Paula

    2016-09-01

    The present study is a systematic review of empirical literature from the last 35 years on families' responses to economic distress in the context of macroeconomic crises. Thirty-nine studies published between 1983 and 2015 in 12 countries were identified, resulting in 3 main findings. First, economic distress was associated with negative changes in family dynamics, specifically couple relationships and parenting. Second, protective factors were found to buffer the adverse effects of economic distress on family and individual outcomes. Third, the results suggest that individual responses to macroeconomic crises may be moderated by sex. Implications for future research encompass using validated assessment instruments, including participants beyond 2-parent families with adolescent children and conducting both longitudinal and qualitative studies that focus on the processes and meanings of adaptation within this risk context. Conclusions highlighted the need to assist families dealing with macroeconomic crises' demands, encouraging the development and validation of macrosystemic intervention programs. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  4. Science during crisis: the application of social science during major environmental crises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Machlis, Gary; Ludwig, Kris; Manfredo, Michael J.; Vaske, Jerry J.; Rechkemmer, Andreas; Duke, Esther

    2014-01-01

    Historical and contemporary experience suggests that science plays an increasingly critical role in governmental and institutional responses to major environmental crises. Recent examples include major western wildfires (2009), the Deepwater Horizon oil spill (2010), the Fukushima nuclear accident (2011), and Hurricane Sandy (2012). The application of science during such crises has several distinctive characteristics, as well as essential requirements if it is to be useful to decision makers. these include scope conditions that include coupled natural/human systems, clear statement of uncertainties and limitations, description of cascading consequences, accurate sense of place, estimates of magnitude of impacts, identification of beneficiaries and those adversely affected, clarity and conciseness, compelling visualization and presentation, capacity to speak "truth to power", and direct access to decision makers. In this chapter, we explore the role and significance of science – including all relevant disciplines and focusing attention on the social sciences – in responding to major environmental crises. We explore several important questions: How is science during crisis distinctive? What social science is most useful during crises? What distinctive characteristics are necessary for social science to make meaningful contributions to emergency response and recovery? How might the social sciences be integrated into the strategic science needed to respond to future crises? The authors, both members of the Department of the Interior's innovative Strategic Sciences Group, describe broad principles of engagement as well as specific examples drawn from history, contemporary efforts (such as during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill), and predictions of environmental crises still to be confronted.

  5. The Many Crises of Western Journalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rasmus Kleis

    of professional journalism in existential terms; the second focuses on the weaknesses of the professional model itself; the third defines the crisis in symbolic terms, as a morally problematic relation among journalists, citizens, and power holders. These three crisis frameworks raise different questions...... and professionally relatively robust countries like Finland and Germany, where symbolic issues loom large; to countries like the US, where economic, professional, and symbolic crises seem to coincide -- and are interpreted in large part through the lens of technology; to countries like France, Italy, and the UK......, where crises are seen to coincide but where the roots of crises are seen as predating the rise of the internet and the erosion of existing business models for journalism. Each interpretation of the crisis in Western journalism points to different solutions, from appeals to state intervention in several...

  6. "What Happened?" Teaching Attribution Theory through Ambiguous Prompts

    Science.gov (United States)

    McArthur, John

    2011-01-01

    The concept of attribution, "the act of explaining why something happens or why a person acts a particular way," is typically an abstract concept. This 35-50-minute activity invites students to make a series of attributions by asking them "What happened?" in ambiguous scenes presented in class. Then, students retrospectively identify what…

  7. Macroeconomic narratives in a world of crises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Urhammer, Emil; Røpke, Inge

    2013-01-01

    Since the financial crisis in 2008, a series of publications on macroeconomic responses to the compound crises of the economy and the environment have emerged. Under labels such as green new deal, green growth and the great transition, attempts at offering coherent responses to the crises have been...... discourse theory and narrative analysis and investigates discourses by studying the narratives they produce. The study thus contributes to the long line of analyses on discourses on sustainable economy: empirically, by investigating and analysing a number of macroeconomic proposals for solving the system...

  8. The de-escalation of nuclear crises

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nation, J.E.

    1992-01-01

    Whether and by what means nations can successfully de-escalate nuclear crises - and avoid the disastrous effects of nuclear war - will remain two of the most critical challenges facing humankind. Whatever the future of superpower relations, the United States, the Soviet Union, and other nations will undoubtedly continue to possess and to threaten the use of nuclear weapons. Moreover, the number of nations with nuclear weapons seems likely to increase. This examines how nations in crises might successfully move back from the brink of nuclear war - and how confidence-building measures might help and hinder the de-escalatory process

  9. Banking Crises and Bank Resolution; Experiences in Some Transition Economies

    OpenAIRE

    International Monetary Fund

    2002-01-01

    Like most transition economies, Bulgaria, Lithuania, and Mongolia suffered severe banking crises, which had to be resolved before growth could resume. The macroeconomic and institutional failings that led to these crises are described, and parallels are drawn with the causes of banking crises in industrial and developing countries. Resolving the crises proved technically and politically difficult, and setbacks occurred. Successful resolution required the implementation of a comprehensive and ...

  10. The Life of Lodz Families in the Time of Economic Crises in the 1930s. Presented by „Ilustrowana Republika” Journal [Życie łódzkich rodzin w czasach kryzysu ekonomicznego lat trzydziestych XX wieku w przekazie gazety „Ilustrowana Republika”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwonna MICHALSKA

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The „Ilustrowana Republika” journal issued in Lodz in the inter-war period mainly concentrated on local and national topics of political, social, economic, and cultural problems. The reconstruction of the contents has enabled the presentation and recreation of the conditions of existence of Lodz residents during the years of the great economic crises. The industrial character of Lodz had influenced the inhabitants’ activity. They worked in textile factories. In the times of unprofitable business conditions factory-owners restricted, and later seriously reduced the number of employees. Mass unemployment was the source of the tough economic situation for working-class families, and others. The lack of work and enormously high prices multiplied the range of poverty. The process of eviction due to rent arrears, selling of previously gathered goods, the expulsion of children form school because of delays in school-fee payment, misunderstandings and family conflicts became much more common and intensive. The growth of economic suicides, begging, and child demoralization (thefts, prostitution, and alcohol consumption was easily noticed. In spite of the help provided by many municipal and civic committees these efforts were not sufficient to protect many families from a state of extreme poverty.

  11. FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS DURING FINANCIAL CRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VINTILA DENISIA MARIANA

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The fundamental idea of International capital flows is that short-term flows can be easily reversed, while flows on a longer time horizon are more stable. Crises are associated with withdrawals of short-term capital flows and growth of the foreign direct investment flows. The current crisis has meant a major decline of international capital flows, also of the foreign direct investment. The analysis in this article tries to establish if and under which conditions foreign direct investments can bring greater stability during the crisis, comparing the evolution of foreign direct investments in the current crisis with their response in previous crises. We show that during previous crises foreign direct investments were stable, behaving differently from other types of capital. Yet, during the current crisis, foreign direct investments have proven to be not so stable and all the components declined, raising questions about the resumption of the positive trend. The stability of foreign direct investments in the past was given by the increase of mergers and acquisitions during the crisis, reflecting fire-sale FDI. This feature is not found in the current crisis as mergers and acquisitions were severe affected by the crises and recorded a major decline. The current paper is realized in the doctoral program entitled PhD in economics at the standards of European knowledge- DoEsEc, scientific coordinator Prof. PhD Rodica Zaharia, institution The Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, Faculty of International Business, period of research 2009-2012.

  12. Dealing with Crises: One Principal's Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, Charles F.

    1986-01-01

    The principal of Concord High School (New Hampshire) recounts the 1985-86 school year's four crises--the visits of teacher-astronaut Christa McAuliffe and Secretary of Education William Bennett, the shooting of a former student, and the Challenger space shuttle explosion. The greatest challenge was resuming the normal schedule and fielding media…

  13. Financial Crises and Danish Contract Law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Mads Bryde; Lookofsky, Joseph

    2016-01-01

    of these exceptions - e.g. with specific focus on exceptions related to the possible effects of financial crises ("Hardship") - account must also be taken of their interaction in Danish legal theory and practice, not least because Danish courts do not always specify the exact legal principle which they apply when...

  14. Currency crises and the interest rate defence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Daniëls, T.

    2008-01-01

    While virtually all modern models of exchange rate crises recognise that the decision to abandon an exchange rate peg depends on how harshly policy makers are willing to defend the regime, they virtually never model how the exchange rate is defended. We argue that incorporating both the mechanics of

  15. Diversification at Financial Institutions and Systemic Crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wagner, W.B.

    2006-01-01

    We show that the diversification of risks at financial institutions has unwelcome effects by increasing the likelihood of systems crises.As a result, complete diversification is not warranted adn the optimal degree of diversification is arbitrarily low.We also identify externalities that cause

  16. The role of corporate governance in preventing economic crises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Matuszak

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The author discusses the role of corporate governance in preventing economic crises, both in the enterprise and in the economy. The article is based on the research of literature. It presents the concept of corporate governance, crisis, and factors affecting the effectiveness of the supervisory board. In the final part, it presents the principles of effective corporate governance established by the OECD, and the recommendations for redefining of the rules resulting from the analysis of experiences of the last global financial crisis.

  17. Gender trends in developing countries during financial crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I.P. van Staveren (Irene)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThe paper looks at several financial crises in the past: the Asian financial crisis, the Brazilian, Argentine and Turkish financial crises, around the turn of the last century. Data are analyzed for a 10-year period around these crises. The data include gender indicators (mostly

  18. Leadership: Making Things Happen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sisk, Dorothy A.

    This monograph presents activities and guidelines for developing leadership training programs for gifted and talented students. Three theories of leadership are discussed: trait theory which assumes that one is either born with leadership talent or one does not have it; leadership style theory in which the patterns of leadership are categorized as…

  19. A crise do socialismo analisada no calor da hora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reginaldo Benedito Dias

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo demonstra como os acontecimentos que levaram à crise e desintegração dos países do bloco soviético foram analisados no calor dos acontecimentos, tomando como parâmetro os livros "Nós, o povo" e "A desintegração do monolito", selecionados por causa das diferentes perspectivas metodológicas e ideológicas que representam.  

  20. International experiences with power supply crises

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    Many so-called deregulated power markets experience a hardened energy and power balance and some have had supply crises. This report discusses the crises, their impacts and their causes as well as the measures taken by the authorities to solve the crises. It also considers the similarities or dissimilarities with respect to the situation in Norway the winter 2002/2003. Like Norway, many of the countries have a considerable share of hydroelectric power. It is found, however, that the dependence on water of its own is not the reason for the crises, but that the inflow conditions give the market greater challenges. Furthermore, the Norwegian market has greater flexibility in the consumption, greater import capacity, better price security possibilities and less problems with market power than most of the countries here considered. Various factors influence a country's power consumption and production capacity. Economic growth and the availability of inexpensive power contribute to accelerate the consumption, while predictable external conditions and sufficient expected investment earnings are necessary to achieve an increase of the capacity - both through new investments and attendance to existing capacity. In a smooth power market there must be a certain correspondence between consumption and installed capacity, and the capacity must be such that it can cover the continuous demand for power and at the same time be flexible enough to deliver power at peak loads. This is also true of the transmission capacity. In addition, some extra capacity must be available for unexpected events. The basic problem is, in any power market, that the consumption may rise fast, while the investments in new capacity typically occurs in leaps, with long and costly construction phases. Many countries have lately experienced a hardening of the balance between consumption and capacity and so have been vulnerable to unexpected increases in consumption or resource failure. This was also the

  1. What Just Happened to Me?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Dane L.

    2012-01-01

    The highly publicized story of unfathomable abuse by Penn State football coach Jerry Sandusky, as well the unfathomable response of those with the power to stop it, makes it clear that abuse can happen anywhere--and that adults need to be vigilant and educated. All of those who oversee schools must also ensure that their faculty and staff are well…

  2. The overlapping food and economic crises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Radu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we are looking at the cause-effect relationship between the economic, financial, demographic and food crises. Crises are interrelated and need to be viewed together, as the effects of one crisis are or may represent causes for another crisis. The current food crisis translates today in food price increases, in the level of health of the population that does not have enough resources for a balanced diet and in obesity problems of the young generation (Romania ranks third among European countries. All these issues with immediate and direct effects over the population in our country have generated our interest to conduct a rigorous and careful observation on the development of the phenomenon of food crisis. Food crisis, its causes and consequences – aging population, the migration of the active population to other countries (especially from the rural areas and the agglomeration of the disadvantaged population in certain geographical areas, can cause social and economic imbalances.

  3. O impacto da crise financeira de 2008 no sector corticeiro português : caso Corticeira Amorim

    OpenAIRE

    Basto, Joana Salema Pinto

    2010-01-01

    Mestrado em Finanças O presente trabalho estuda o efeito que a crise económica e financeira teve nas rendibilidades anuais da empresa Corticeira Amorim e nos seus indicadores financeiros. É feita uma análise das rendibilidades em bolsa da Corticeira Amorim e seus benchmarks no período pré-crise (2005-2007) e no período pós-crise (2008-2010). Considera-se ainda o estudo da influência de algumas variáveis macroeconómicas (taxa de inflação, taxa de juro, taxa de câmbio euro dólar, preço do pe...

  4. Why the Singularity Cannot Happen

    OpenAIRE

    Modis, Theodore

    2012-01-01

    The concept of a Singularity as described in Ray Kurzweil's book cannot happen for a number of reasons. One reason is that all natural growth processes that follow exponential patterns eventually reveal themselves to be following S-curves thus excluding runaway situations. The remaining growth potential from Kurzweil's ''knee'', which could be approximated as the moment when an S-curve pattern begins deviating from the corresponding exponential, is a factor of only one order of magnitude grea...

  5. Propagation of crises in the virtual water trade network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamea, Stefania; Laio, Francesco; Ridolfi, Luca

    2015-04-01

    The international trade of agricultural goods is associated to the displacement of the water used to produce such goods and embedded in trade as a factor of production. Water virtually exchanged from producing to consuming countries, named virtual water, defines flows across an international network of 'virtual water trade' which enable the assessment of environmental forcings and implications of trade, such as global water savings or country dependencies on foreign water resources. Given the recent expansion of commodity (and virtual water) trade, in both displaced volumes and network structure, concerns have been raised about the exposure to crises of individuals and societies. In fact, if one country had to markedly decrease its export following a socio-economical or environmental crisis, such as a war or a drought, many -if not all- countries would be affected due to a cascade effect within the trade network. The present contribution proposes a mechanistic model describing the propagation of a local crisis into the virtual water trade network, accounting for the network structure and the virtual water balance of all countries. The model, built on data-based assumptions, is tested on the real case study of the Argentinean crisis in 2008-09, when the internal agricultural production (measured as virtual water volume) decreased by 26% and the virtual water export of Argentina dropped accordingly. Crisis propagation and effects on the virtual water trade are correctly captured, showing the way forward to investigations of crises impact and country vulnerability based on the results of the model proposed.

  6. BRASIL EM CRISE E O EMPREGO FORMAL NO SUDESTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ralfo Matos

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo investiga a evolução do emprego formal entre 2005 e 2015 no conjunto de municípios que compõe a região Sudeste, espaço que responde por mais de 50% do emprego e do PIB do Brasil. A análise combinada dos dados disponíveis no CAGED e na RAIS evidencia o encolhimento do mercado formal de trabalho em 2015, e de forma mais expressiva nos municípios de maior porte demográfico. Entretanto, a despeito da intensificação da crise econômica a partir de 2013, no período 2013-2015, centenas de outros municípios tradicionalmente mais frágeis economicamente não vivenciaram a severidade do impacto da crise no emprego, muitos deles localizados nas áreas setentrionais da região, as que se assemelham com a região Nordeste do Brasil, espaços nos quais foram maiores os impactos das ações das políticas sociais dos últimos governos.

  7. A crise financeira global e depois: um novo capitalismo?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available A crise financeira global de 2008 foi conseqüência do processo de financeirização, a criação maciça de riqueza financeira fictícia iniciada da década de 1980, e da hegemonia de uma ideologia reacionária, o neoliberalismo, baseada em mercados auto-regulados e eficientes. Dessa crise emergirá um novo capitalismo, embora sua natureza seja de difícil previsão. Não será financeirizado, mas serão retomadas as tendências presentes nos trinta anos dourados em direção ao capitalismo global e baseado no conhecimento, além da tendência de expansão da democracia, tornando-a mais social e participativa.The 2008 global financial crisis was a consequence of the processes of financialization, the massive creation of fictitious financial wealth which began in the 1980's, and of the hegemony of a reactionary ideology, neoliberalism, based on the belief of the self-regulating capacity and efficiency of markets. From this crisis a new capitalism will emerge, althought its chacarteristics are hard to foresee. It will not be financial, but the tendencies of the 30 "golden years" toward global and knowledge-based capitalism, and the tendency of expansion of democracy will be among them.

  8. Linking Organizational Crises and Reactive Strategies via Dimensions Of Legitimacy

    OpenAIRE

    Heiko Breitsohl

    2009-01-01

    Research on organizational crises has typically focused on case studies or measures for crisis prevention, while the social dimension of crises has remained largely unexplored. In some rare exceptions, differences in the efficacy of reactive strategies depending on the type of crisis have been reported. However, the mechanisms behind these differences remain unclear. This paper aims to fill this gap by arguing that organizational crises and effective reactions are linked by different dimensio...

  9. Human resource crises in German hospitals?an explorative study

    OpenAIRE

    Schermuly, Carsten C; Draheim, Michael; Glasberg, Ronald; Stantchev, Vladimir; Tamm, Gerrit; Hartmann, Michael; Hessel, Franz

    2015-01-01

    Background The complexity of providing medical care in a high-tech environment with a highly specialized, limited labour force makes hospitals more crisis-prone than other industries. An effective defence against crises is only possible if the organizational resilience and the capacity to handle crises become part of the hospitals? organizational culture. To become more resilient to crises, a raised awareness?especially in the area of human resource (HR)?is necessary. The aim of this paper is...

  10. Resenha crítica - a literatura convencional sobre crises financeiras nos países "emergentes": os modelos desenvolvidos nos anos 90

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Magalhães Prates

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available As sucessivas crises financeiras dos países "emergentes", na segunda metade dos anos 90, despertaram o interesse dos economistas do mainstream, uma vez que os modelos de crises cambiais de primeira geração, desenvolvidos nos anos 80, revelaram-se insuficientes para a compreensão destes eventos. Nesse contexto, foram desenvolvidos novos modelos que incorporaram, como condicionantes destas crises, fatos estilizados, que têm caracterizado o sistema financeiro internacional contemporâneo, dentre os quais os ataques especulativos auto-realizáveis e o comportamento de manada dos investidores estrangeiros. Este artigo pretende apresentar as principais características desses novos modelos. Primeiramente, apresentam-se os modelos desenvolvidos após a crise mexicana, que seguiram a tradição dos modelos de segunda geração desenvolvidos após a crise do Sistema Monetário Europeu. Em seguida, são examinados os modelos que surgem após a crise asiática, denominados "modelos de terceira geração", nos quais a crise cambial está intrinsecamente associada a uma crise bancária. Seguem-se algumas considerações finais.In the 90s, the succession of financial crises in the so called "emergent countries", with characteristics that haven't been considered by the first-generation models of exchange crises developed in the 80s, was followed by the emergency of new models of exchange crisis. The purpose of this article is to present these models, which have introduced in their analytical framework new elements, how the self-fulfilling expectations and the volatility of the capital flows. Firstly, we analyze the models developed after the Mexican crise, which have followed the tradition of the second-generation models that emerged after the European monetary system crise. Secondly, we examine the models developed after the Asian crise, labeled "third generation models", in which the exchange crise is intrinsically linked with a banking crise. We end up

  11. Constituição, realidade e crise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Antônio Steinmetz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available “O direito constitucional tem de se garantir por si mesmo”, escreveu Konrad Hesse. A observância e a aplicação das normas constitucionais não estão garantidas por outras normas acima da Constituição ou por poderes supraestatais. “A Constituição não depende senão de sua própria força e de suas próprias garantias.” (HESSE. No caso da Constituição brasileira, são garantias imanentes o controle de constitucionalidade das leis, os limites materiais ao poder de emendar a Constituição, o dever de aplicação imediata de direitos e garantias fundamentais e a previsão de um órgão judicial guardião máximo da Constituição, com poderes de decidir sobre matérias constitucionais com efeitos imediatos, gerais e vinculantes. Contudo, o próprio Hesse lembra que nem o mais “engenhoso sistema constitucional” consegue garantir a sua própria efetividade quando certos pressupostos não estão presentes, especialmente quando a Constituição não consegue ser uma ordem configuradora da realidade histórica viva. Essa capacidade configuradora “[...] depende em grande medida de fatores externos, sobre os quais a Constituição só pode influir limitadamente.” Hesse menciona entre os fatores externos as circunstâncias da realidade histórica e o nível de desenvolvimento espiritual, social, político ou econômico dos tempos. Outro pressuposto essencial, ainda segundo Hesse, é a conduta dos atores que participam na “vida constitucional”. Decisiva é a disposição de governantes e governados aceitarem como moralmente correto, legítimo e imperativo o conteúdo da Constituição. Em síntese, paralelamente às garantias imanentes da Constituição, desempenham um papel decisivo os fatores externos. É a dialética que se processa entre norma e realidade, que se manifesta em complementaridades e tensões. Tudo isso não é inovação ou novidade teórica. São premissas bem assentadas no campo da Teoria da Constitui

  12. A crise Baring e a crise do Encilhamento nos quadros da economia-mundo capitalista The Baring crisis and the Encilhamento crisis in the context of the capitalist world-economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Amin Filomeno

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available O final do século XIX foi marcado, para Brasil e Argentina, por crescimento e instabilidade na economia. Neste período, ocorreram duas importantes crises econômicas, que ficaram conhecidas como crise Baring (na Argentina e crise do Encilhamento (no Brasil. Este artigo tem o objetivo de apresentar as conexões existentes entre essas duas crises e a conjuntura da economia-mundo capitalista das últimas décadas do século XIX, enfatizando o problema da dívida externa e da política econômica, e re-organizando algumas contribuições da historiografia econômica por meio da metodologia da "encompassing comparison" e da teoria dos ciclos mundiais de endividamento. O artigo mostra que ambas as crises estiveram condicionadas pela dinâmica da economia-mundo capitalista, especialmente pelos fluxos mundiais de capital, não sendo resultados exclusivos de políticas econômicas nacionais.The end of the 19th century was characterized by economic growth and instability in Brazil and Argentina. In this period, two important economic crises took place - the Baring Crisis (in Argentina and the Encilhamento Crisis (in Brazil. The aim of this paper is to present the connections between these two crises and the dynamics of the capitalist world-economy of the end of the 19th century, focusing on the problems of external debt and economic policy and re-organizing some contributions of economic historiography through the methodology of "encompassing comparison" and of the world debt cycles' theory. The paper concludes that both crises were influenced by the dynamics of the capitalist world-economy, especially by the international flows of capital, and that they were not exclusive results of national economic policies.

  13. Crises and Opportunities: A Manifesto for Change

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    Ian Johnson

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Piecemeal fragmented strategies cannot address the pressing challenges facing humanity today. Economic theory has to be radically reinvented to squarely face the reality of rising unemployment, widening inequalities, growing ecological threats, frustrated social aspirations and unmet human needs. Monetary and fiscal policies are too crude and insufficient to steer the essential change of course required to address multidimensional demographic, ecological, economic, political and social crises. New values are needed to guide policy formulation and new institutions are needed to support peaceful social evolution and inclusive, equitable development in an increasingly globalized and interconnected world.

  14. Letras e humanidades depois da crise

    OpenAIRE

    Alcir Bernardez Pecora

    2015-01-01

    O artigo debate a situação contemporânea das humanidades num mundo de crise econômica, onde são elas as primeiras áreas a sofrer cortes orçamentários, bem como a perda da autonomia das Universidades com o atual processo de dependência de seus programas dos fundos advindos das agências de financiamento de pesquisa acadêmica.     This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  15. Letras e humanidades depois da crise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcir Bernardez Pecora

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available O artigo debate a situação contemporânea das humanidades num mundo de crise econômica, onde são elas as primeiras áreas a sofrer cortes orçamentários, bem como a perda da autonomia das Universidades com o atual processo de dependência de seus programas dos fundos advindos das agências de financiamento de pesquisa acadêmica.     This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  16. Human resource crises in German hospitals--an explorative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schermuly, Carsten C; Draheim, Michael; Glasberg, Ronald; Stantchev, Vladimir; Tamm, Gerrit; Hartmann, Michael; Hessel, Franz

    2015-05-28

    The complexity of providing medical care in a high-tech environment with a highly specialized, limited labour force makes hospitals more crisis-prone than other industries. An effective defence against crises is only possible if the organizational resilience and the capacity to handle crises become part of the hospitals' organizational culture. To become more resilient to crises, a raised awareness--especially in the area of human resource (HR)--is necessary. The aim of this paper is to contribute to the process robustness against crises through the identification and evaluation of relevant HR crises and their causations in hospitals. Qualitative and quantitative methods were combined to identify and evaluate crises in hospitals in the HR sector. A structured workshop with experts was conducted to identify HR crises and their descriptions, as well as causes and consequences for patients and hospitals. To evaluate the findings, an online survey was carried out to rate the occurrence (past, future) and dangerousness of each crisis. Six HR crises were identified in this study: staff shortages, acute loss of personnel following a pandemic, damage to reputation, insufficient communication during restructuring, bullying, and misuse of drugs. The highest occurrence probability in the future was seen in staff shortages, followed by acute loss of personnel following a pandemic. Staff shortages, damage to reputation, and acute loss of personnel following a pandemic were seen as the most dangerous crises. The study concludes that coping with HR crises in hospitals is existential for hospitals and requires increased awareness. The six HR crises identified occurred regularly in German hospitals in the past, and their occurrence probability for the future was rated as high.

  17. Crises in a dissipative bouncing ball model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Livorati, André L.P., E-mail: livorati@usp.br [Departamento de Física, UNESP, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Av. 24A, 1515, Bela Vista, 13506-900, Rio Claro, SP (Brazil); School of Mathematics, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1TW (United Kingdom); Instituto de Física, IFUSP, Universidade de São Paulo, USP, Rua do Matão, Tr.R 187, Cidade Universitária, 05314-970, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Caldas, Iberê L. [Instituto de Física, IFUSP, Universidade de São Paulo, USP, Rua do Matão, Tr.R 187, Cidade Universitária, 05314-970, São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Dettmann, Carl P. [School of Mathematics, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1TW (United Kingdom); Leonel, Edson D. [Departamento de Física, UNESP, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Av. 24A, 1515, Bela Vista, 13506-900, Rio Claro, SP (Brazil)

    2015-11-06

    Highlights: • We studied a dissipative bouncing ball dynamics. • A two-dimensional nonlinear mapping describes the dynamics. • Crises between attractors and its manifolds were characterized. • A new physical crisis between vibrating platform and an attractor was characterized. • The existence of a ‘robust’ chaotic attractor was set. - Abstract: The dynamics of a bouncing ball model under the influence of dissipation is investigated by using a two-dimensional nonlinear mapping. When high dissipation is considered, the dynamics evolves to different attractors. The evolution of the basins of the attracting fixed points is characterized, as we vary the control parameters. Crises between the attractors and their boundaries are observed. We found that the multiple attractors are intertwined, and when the boundary crisis between their stable and unstable manifolds occurs, it creates a successive mechanism of destruction for all attractors originated by the sinks. Also, a physical impact crisis is described, an important mechanism in the reduction of the number of attractors.

  18. A crise em perspectiva: 1929 e 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frederico Mazzucchelli

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available No contexto de elevada incerteza decorrente da crise econômica mundial, é inevitável que surjam comparações entre o momento atual e a experiência dramática da Grande Depressão, que subverteu o mundo entre 1929 e 1933. Mas, apesar das perdas financeiras e da desaceleração da economia, a disposição para a intervenção estatal é hoje um elemento determinante que diferencia nitidamente as iniciativas da política econômica. Este é um fator decisivo que projeta um futuro menos sombrio para a evolução da crise atual.In the current context of high uncertainty, many parallels have been traced between the economic crisis of 2008 and the Great Depression, that stirred the world between 1929 e 1933. However, despite the financial losses that recently occurred, the disposition for state intervention in our days is much higher and thus an important element in the formulation of economic policies. This is a difference that suggests a less catastrophic outcome to the current crisis.

  19. Bifurcations and Crises in a Shape Memory Oscillator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano G. Machado

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The remarkable properties of shape memory alloys have been motivating the interest in applications in different areas varying from biomedical to aerospace hardware. The dynamical response of systems composed by shape memory actuators presents nonlinear characteristics and a very rich behavior, showing periodic, quasi-periodic and chaotic responses. This contribution analyses some aspects related to bifurcation phenomenon in a shape memory oscillator where the restitution force is described by a polynomial constitutive model. The term bifurcation is used to describe qualitative changes that occur in the orbit structure of a system, as a consequence of parameter changes, being related to chaos. Numerical simulations show that the response of the shape memory oscillator presents period doubling cascades, direct and reverse, and crises.

  20. Rationalised panics : The consequences of strategic uncertainty during financial crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Daniëls, T.

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation is about currency and related financial crises such as the contagious Southeast Asian crisis of 1997 or Argentina's collapse and default in 2001. It argues that key to understanding these crises is the doubt that they inflict on market participants about the intentions and actions

  1. Managing Mental Health Crises of Foreign College Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oropeza, Barbara A. Clark; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Notes that student services professionals manage a number of mental health crises as part of their job responsibilities. Examines some issues that arise from assisting foreign college students experiencing such crises, with special focus on psychiatric committal, withdrawal from school, and return to the home country. (Author)

  2. How does capital affect bank performance during financial crises?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berger, A.N.; Bouwman, C.H.S.

    2013-01-01

    This paper empirically examines how capital affects a bank’s performance (survival and market share) and how this effect varies across banking crises, market crises, and normal times that occurred in the US over the past quarter century. We have two main results. First, capital helps small banks to

  3. Prediction of financial crises by means of rough sets and decision trees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zuleyka Díaz-Martínez

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper tries to further investigate the factors behind a financial crisis. By using a large sample of countries in the period 1981 to 1999, it intends to apply two methods coming from the Artificial Intelligence (Rough Sets theory and C4.5 algorithm and analyze the role of a set of macroeconomic and financial variables in explaining banking crises. These variables are both quantitative and qualitative. These methods do not require variables or data used to satisfy any assumptions. Statistical methods traditionally employed call for the explicative variables to satisfy statistical assumptions which is quite difficult to happen. This fact complicates the analysis. We obtained good results based on the classification accuracies (80% of correctly classified countries from an independent sample, which proves the suitability of both methods.

  4. ECONOMIC CRISES – GLOBAL AND LOCAL – IN REFLECTION OF POLISH PRESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krzysztof Gibek

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the sociological features of the current economic crises had been its beginning as a media fact rather than economic reality for ordinary people in Poland. Until the very end of 2008 the offi cial strategy of Polish government was denying of present of any economic crises in Poland: “The Polish economy as well as Polish banking system are used to be healthy and in good conditions and we will be suffer a little slow done because we are not an island”. Unfortunately it occurs not to be true.Based on discourse analysis of two major Polish daily and two weekly we would like to show the evolution of narrative describing crises in global terms and particularly at the domestic market. What was the picture of global crises at the beginning of this discussion, how it supposed to affect Poland, who serve as experts and opinion givers and finally how through the language we can observe the change from ‘slow down’ to ‘crises’? This are basic questions we would like to answer in our text.

  5. Crise do trabalho hoje: desenvolvimento tecnológico, instabilidade do emprego e crise do capitalismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurilio Lima Botelho

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available O artigo procura retomar o tema da crise do trabalho discutindo três dimensões: o papel do desenvolvimento tecnológico na eliminação de postos de trabalho; a constante transformação nos processos produtivos que cria instabilidade no emprego e a improdutividade progressiva da força de trabalho mundial. Essas reflexões são a base para uma discussão mais ampla sobre a crise da sociedade do trabalho, isto é, a contradição estrutural que enfrentamos hoje de uma sociedade que tornou o trabalho como mecanismo básico de socialização, mas mobiliza todos os meios para eliminá-lo.

  6. Measuring complexity in Brazilian economic crises.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia P D Mortoza

    Full Text Available Capital flows are responsible for a strong influence on the foreign exchange rates and stock prices macroeconomic parameters. In volatile economies, capital flows can change due to several types of social, political and economic events, provoking oscillations on these parameters, which are recognized as economic crises. This work aims to investigate how these two macroeconomic variables are related with crisis events by using the traditional complex measures due to Lopez-Mancini-Calbet (LMC and to Shiner-Davison-Landsberg (SDL, that can be applied to any temporal series. Here, Ibovespa (Bovespa Stock Exchange main Index and the "dollar-real" parity are the background for calculating the LMC and SDL complexity measures. By analyzing the temporal evolution of these measures, it is shown that they might be related to important events that occurred in the Brazilian economy.

  7. Measuring complexity in Brazilian economic crises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortoza, Letícia P D; Piqueira, José R C

    2017-01-01

    Capital flows are responsible for a strong influence on the foreign exchange rates and stock prices macroeconomic parameters. In volatile economies, capital flows can change due to several types of social, political and economic events, provoking oscillations on these parameters, which are recognized as economic crises. This work aims to investigate how these two macroeconomic variables are related with crisis events by using the traditional complex measures due to Lopez-Mancini-Calbet (LMC) and to Shiner-Davison-Landsberg (SDL), that can be applied to any temporal series. Here, Ibovespa (Bovespa Stock Exchange main Index) and the "dollar-real" parity are the background for calculating the LMC and SDL complexity measures. By analyzing the temporal evolution of these measures, it is shown that they might be related to important events that occurred in the Brazilian economy.

  8. La crise du vivre-ensemble

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Nils Voisin

    2014-01-01

    Cet article examine les caractères idéologique et affectif de deux essais écrits respectivement par Alain Finkielkraut et Richard Millet sur la crise actuelle du vivre-ensemble en France. Les deux penseurs critiquent la société multiculturelle, mais alors que pour Finkielkraut cette société est une...... chance pour la France à condition que le dialogue interculturel soit renforcé et que l’idée d’une culture française y garde sa place, elle reste pour Millet une impossibilité. L’enjeu de l’analyse est de dévoiler la capacité des discours à générer par l’affectivité une peur capable d’intensifier l’argumentation...

  9. How do Economic Crises Impact Firm Boundaries?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Kirsten

    2010-01-01

    How economic crises impact the boundaries of firms has been offered virtually no attention in the literature on the theory of the firm. I review the best-known theories of the firm and identify the variables that matter for the explanation of firm boundaries. I then examine how an economic crisis...... may impact these variables and change efficient firm boundaries. The various theories of the firm have difficulties explaining how firms efficiently adapt their boundaries to such prominent characteristics of economic crisis as declining demand and increased costs of external finance. However, all...... these theories stress uncertainty as an antecedent of firm organization, and as uncertainty is also an important characteristic of an economic crisis I examine how uncertainty is allowed to play out in the various theories in order to identify what predictions we can derive from the theory regarding changes...

  10. "What happened to the research?"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2007-01-01

    From 1998 to 2005 twelve researchers graduated as PhDs from the International Music Therapy Research Training Program in Aalborg. They came from many different countries and clinical areas, and many types of research designs were represented. The researchers are all well-known within...... the international music therapy scene, but no overview has ever been made of how their research was disseminated or promoted in a wider national or international context. This paper addresses the following questions: “What happened to the research after the defence? How were the results of the research published...... and otherwise disseminated? What was the time frame and contexts of this dissemination process? What are the most important obstacles? Are we communicating in an appropriate way with professionals outside the music therapy community?” The paper is based on information provided by the researchers. Their results...

  11. Banking Crises, Deposit Insurance, and Market Discipline: Lessons from the Asian Crises

    OpenAIRE

    Kaoru Hosono; Hiroko Iwaki; Kotaro Tsuru

    2005-01-01

    We investigate the effectiveness of market discipline by depositors during the period of 1992-2002 in the four crisis-hit Asian countries: Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia and Thailand. In Indonesia, the crises first weakened and then strengthened market, which is consistent with the wake-up-call effect found for the Latin American crisis-hit countries (Martinez Peria and Schmukler, 2001). Unlike Indonesia, we could not find an increase in depositors' responsiveness to bank risk after the crisis in...

  12. The present global financial and economic crisis and the oil crises of the 1970s. Opposite turning points in the development of economic growth, energy supply, and the role of nuclear power?; Die gegenwaertige globale Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise und die Oelkrisen der 1970er-Jahre. Gegensaetzliche Trendwenden in der Entwicklung von Wirtschaftswachstum, Energieversorgung und Rolle der Kernenergie?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herrmann, Dieter

    2012-08-15

    After decades of extensive economic growth, the oil crises in the 1970s enforced the transition to intensive growth in a manner conserving resources, combined with a fundamental turnaround in the development of global energy supply and the role of nuclear power. Meanwhile, the world has changed considerably as a result of population growth, technical progress, and globalization - and it is in the throes of another crisis. The contribution shows, on the basis of empirical indicators, that higher commodity prices halted the period of intense growth already in late 2007. The following global financial and economic crisis can be interpreted plausibly as a return to extensive economic growth worldwide. This is likely to have far-reaching consequences for the future development of global energy supply and the role of nuclear power. (orig.)

  13. Communication crisis and its solution through crises management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicoleta DĂNESCU

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Crises are never convenient as they are destructive. Any institution or organization may face a crisis situation, able to endanger its normal activity and reputation. Some crises are predictable and can be prevented, others cannot be grasped and thus prevented. Experience proved that, despite all technical, economical, financial or educational cautions taken to stop or control a crisis, it can get out of control and develop. In these circumstances, the crisis can bring serious prejudices to the organization if not properly managed from all points of view. Communication during crisis is extremely important, aiming at generating changes and taking action against the crisis. Above all, crises management consists in interpersonal relations. Management activity in crises situations develops a constant and complex communication process with the aid of which, the manager, the crisis cell, the entire staff interact in order to find the optimal strategies to survive the crisis situation.

  14. Bank lending strategy, credit scoring and financial crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dinh, T.H.T.; Kleimeier, S.; Straetmans, S.T.M.

    2013-01-01

    Adverse selection inherent in the bank-borrower relationship typically intensifies during crises. This problem is expecially severe in emerging markets, characterized by weak institutions and banks with poorly developed monitoring and screening abilities. Exploiting a unique sample of Vietnamese

  15. Environmental crises in developing countries: control measures in economic sense

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rayana, K.B.N.

    1999-01-01

    Most of the developing countries consist of similar type of problems and crises of environment. This may be due to industries vehicles, or agriculture. Referring to the Asian countries it may be due to policy, relocation of industries, different levels of economic crises etc. This study includes impact of environment vs socio, policy, population, demography. The feasibility observed as enhancement of economic status, involving local society, cost base sharing, upgrading the employment opportunities, firm steps and policies, and agenda changes and adoptions. (Author)

  16. String of defaults: Spanish financial crises through the years

    OpenAIRE

    Shachmurove, Tomer; Shachmurove, Yochanan

    2011-01-01

    Like many countries, Spain has gone through a series of financial crises, both before and after its industrialization. There are many underlying causes for these crises, as well as for the current Spanish downturn. It is worth noting that there are similarities between recessions throughout the history of Spain. The role of government spending, government regulation, credit institutions, budget deficits, the political climate, and international trade have been important determinants of the st...

  17. As crises do capitalismo democrático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfgang Streeck

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available O autor discute as sucessivas crises econômicas ocorridas nos países capitalistas desde os anos 1970, interpretando-as como produto de tensões e contradições endêmicas entre mercados capitalistas e políticas democráticas.The article retraces the successive economic crises in the capitalist countries since the 1970's, reading them as the result of tensions and contradictions between capitalist markets and democratic politics.

  18. 'Doing theology as though nothing had happened' – reading Karl ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    'Doing theology as though nothing had happened' – reading Karl Barth's confessional theology in Zimbabwe today? ... This article will attempt to argue that this theology can contribute to the Reformed theology in present day Zimbabwe. It will therefore attempt to introduce the confessional theology of Karl Barth to ...

  19. Industry Specifics and Consumers’ Reactions to Business Crises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazlauskienė Asta

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Different scientific studies provide many valuable recommendations how to manage crises in order to lessen their negative effect on relations with consumers. But the question whether the same business crises management rules can be applied for different industries, or they must be adapted depending on industries specifics, has not received sufficient scientific attention. Knowledge gaps about industry specific effect on consumer reactions to business crises remain. This study focuses on understanding the differences in consumers’ reactions in business crises situations with regard to controversial evaluation in the society of “the sin industries” (alcohol, tobacco, gambling, etc. and ordinary industries (not having controversial associations. Experimental research design, including online experiment with tobacco, beer and functional soft drinks consumers (in total 306 respondents, was chosen for competing research hypotheses testing. Empirical evidence was in line with theoretical argumentation about less negative consumers’ reactions during business crises in case of “sin industries” versus ordinary industry. This study shows that consumers attitudes, such as perception of company’s product quality, trust, social responsibility and behavioural intentions, such as intention to buy and recommend company’s products, are less negative during business crises in lower reputation “sin industries” than in ordinary industries.

  20. Piracetam for reducing the incidence of painful sickle cell disease crises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Hajeri, Amani; Fedorowicz, Zbys

    2016-02-12

    Sickle cell disease is one of the most common genetic disorders. Sickle cell crises in which irregular and dehydrated cells contribute to blocking of blood vessels are characterised by episodes of pain. Treatment is mainly supportive and symptomatic. In vitro studies with piracetam indicate that it has the potential for inhibition and a reversal of the process of sickling of erythrocytes. This is an update of a previously published Cochrane review. To assess the effectiveness of piracetam for reducing the incidence of painful sickle cell disease crises. We searched the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group Haemoglobinopathies Trials Register which comprises of references identified from comprehensive electronic database searches and handsearches of relevant journals and abstract books of conference proceedings.Last search of the Group's Haemoglobinopathies Trials Register: 21 September 2015. Randomised controlled trials comparing orally administered piracetam to placebo or standard care in people, of all ages and both sexes, with sickle cell disease. Two authors independently assessed trial quality and extracted data. Trial authors were contacted for additional information. Adverse effects data were collected from the trials. Three trials involving 169 participants were included in the review. A limited amount of data addressing some of the primary and some of the secondary outcomes were provided, but data were incomplete and based on un-validated assumptions used in the evaluation of outcomes. One trial reported a reduction in the number of pain crises and their severity with active intervention than placebo but presented no data to confirm these results. A second trial presented a monthly global pain score based on the number of sickle cell crises and severity of pain but included no separate data for these primary outcomes. Although there was no significant difference between the piracetam and placebo periods for the number of days of

  1. What happened to Larsen C?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rignot, E. J.; Larour, E. Y.; Scheuchl, B.; Khazendar, A.; Bamber, J. L.; Mouginot, J.

    2017-12-01

    In 2017, Larsen C experienced one of the largest calving events in the past century, retreating the ice front by 40 km. The rift that led to this calving event originated decades ago along the flank of Hollick-Kenyon Peninsula and stopped along a suture zone, but started progressing again in 2011 and especially 2014-2015, to eventually lead to the calving of A68. The retreat changed the ice front shape between Bawden Ice Rise and Gibbs Ice Rise from convex to concave, similar to what happened to Larsen B in the late 1990s and Larsen A in the 1980s. Following that retreat, Larsen B eventually collapsed in 2002. The calving is not driven by the traditional processes of viscous bending, hydrofracture, calving cliff failure, longitudinal stress stretching, necking of bottom crevasses joining with surface crevasses, but instead by fracture mechanics. Fracture would be facilitated by the melting of the ice mélange filling the rift, a thinning of the ice shelf, a melting of the heterogeneous marine ice column, or changes in the firn/ice column associated with warming. The ice shelf thinned from the top and below over the last decades; altimetry data from 1994 to 2014 suggesting a decrease in ice shelf thickness of 40-50 m near the zone of rupture. Changes in ocean temperature are relatively undocumented in this part of Antarctica. Air temperature has warmed by 2.4 degrees C over the last 3 decades with a return to colder conditions in recent years yet still much warmer than 30 years ago. We detect no significant change in ice shelf velocity from 2006 to 2017, including after the calving event. The calving front has now retreated within 20-30 km of the compressive arch. We analyze the ice mélange in between the rift with Operation IceBridge laser data from 2009 to 2016 and radio echo sounding data from OIB CreSIS sounder since 2009 to detect changes in ice mélange and marine ice composition. We conclude on how the loss of structural rigidity has lead - or not - to the

  2. Markets during world oil supply crises: an analysis of industry, consumer, and governmental response

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Erfle, Stephen; Pound, John; Kalt, Joseph

    1981-04-01

    An analysis of the response of American markets to supply crises in world oil markets is presented. It addresses four main issues: the efficiency of the operation of American oil markets during oil supply crises; the problems of both economic efficiency and social equity which arise during the American adaptation process; the propriety of the Federal government's past policy responses to these problems; and the relationship between perceptions of the problems caused by world oil crises and the real economic natures of these problems. Specifically, Chapter 1 presents a theoretical discussion of the effects of a world supply disruption on the price level and supply availability of the world market oil to any consuming country including the US Chapter 2 provides a theoretical and empirical analysis of the efficiency of the adaptations of US oil product markets to higher world oil prices. Chapter 3 examines the responses of various groups of US oil firms to the alterations observed in world markets, while Chapter 4 presents a theoretical explanation for the price-lagging behavior exhibited by firms in the US oil industry. Chapter 5 addresses the nature of both real and imagined oil market problems in the US during periods of world oil market transition. (MCW)

  3. Depositor Discipline and Bank Risk-Taking Behavior: Evidence From the South-East Asian Financial Crises

    OpenAIRE

    M. Kabir Hassan; M. Ershad Hussain

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines whether the risk-taking behavior of commercial banks in five countries of South-East Asia changed after the Asian Crises of 1997. The paper utilizes the framework created by Gruben et al (1997, 1998, and 2003). It also examines the connection between the risk-taking behavior and depositor discipline of these banks after the Asian Crises of 1997. Based on bank level data from the Bank Scope, 2005 CD, he paper presents evidence that the state of depositor discipline is very ...

  4. Scientists' Perceptions of Communicating During Crises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dohaney, J. A.; Hudson-Doyle, E.; Brogt, E.; Wilson, T. M.; Kennedy, B.

    2015-12-01

    To further our understanding of how to enhance student science and risk communication skills in natural hazards and earth science courses, we conducted a pilot study to assess the different perceptions of expert scientists and risk communication practitioners versus the perceptions of students. These differences will be used to identify expert views on best practice, and improve the teaching of communication skills at the University level. In this pilot study, a perceptions questionnaire was developed and validated. Within this, respondents (geoscientists, engineers, and emergency managers; n=44) were asked to determine their agreement with the use and effectiveness of specific communication strategies (within the first 72 hours after a devastating earthquake) when communicating to the public. In terms of strategies and information to the public, the respondents were mostly in agreement, but there were several statements which elicited large differences between expert responses: 1) the role and purpose of the scientific communication during crises (to persuade people to care, to provide advice, to empower people to take action); 2) the scientist's delivery (showing the scientists emotions and enthusiasm for scientific concepts they are discussing); and 3) the amount of data that is discussed (being comprehensive versus 'only the important' data). The most disagreed upon dimension was related to whether to disclose any political influence on the communication. Additionally, scientists identified that being an effective communicator was an important part of their job, and agreed that it is important to practice these skills. Respondents generally indicated that while scientists should be accountable for the science advice provided, they should not be held liable.

  5. Managerial Characteristics in Critical Situations Romania’s Participation within NATO at Managing Crises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian - Sorin Prună

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The defining marks of the thesis regard the creation of new scientific premises, that shouldstructure the approached issue – crises management by relating it to the present international contextcoordinates. The suggested approach has the purpose of establishing the elements which define crisisand of highlighting specific issues in the crisis management process (including in what the states’participation at maintaining peace operations and multinational operations deployed in differenttheatres of war. In the effort of organising such a scientifical background, we have tried to realizeclear, concise delimitations, by the research method – the study and analysis of the determinantfactors and conflicts. Thus, we have disclosed the characteristics of the situation and crisis state, therequirements and the stages in the crises situation management process, its characteristics,customizing the circumstances which contribute to planning the answers and establishing themoments favourable to the abolishment of the crisis or preserving it in a balance that should allowsubsequent diffuses.

  6. Contingency and Political Action: The Role of Leadership in Endogenously Created Crises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    András Körösényi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Among the recent literature about leadership and crisis situations two main strands are to be observed: structuralist ones mainly treat political leaders as reactive agents who have relatively little room for maneuver, while constructivist ones put greater emphasis on the opportunities in interpreting crises. Our claim is that there is a third analytical possibility mainly neglected in recent literature that is even more voluntaristic than the constructivist approaches. In this scenario, there is no external shock; leaders do not only interpret, but also “invent” crises. To make our claim plausible, we build a conceptual-descriptive typology of the potential relationships between crisis situations and agency. The typology is founded on Kari Palonen’s differentiation between Machiavellian and Weberian types of contingency, but uses his originally conceptual historical argument for analytical purposes. To underpin our theoretical argument, we present short illustrative examples to all three types of crisis scenarios (the structuralist, the constructivist, and the voluntarist one.

  7. Employee Communicative Actions and Companies' Communication Strategies to Mitigate the Negative Effects of Crises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mazzei, Alessandra; Ravazzani, Silvia

    2013-01-01

    commitment is at the basis of positive employee communicative actions, like advocacy and positive referrals, which finally protect the company’s reputation. After a theoretical exploration of these issues, this chapter presents first a case study showing how continuous internal communication efforts...... and factual communication based on managers’ and company’s actions are crucial in order to build quality relationships with employees. In turn, this leads to positive employee communicative actions when a crisis occurs. Second, it illustrates a survey of Italian companies which examined internal crisis...... reputation. The chapter concludes that employee communicative actions are fundamental in order to protect the company’s reputation in case of crises. In addition, during crises it is important to sustain the positive relationship capital developed during the pre-crisis phase by means of accommodative...

  8. Um mundo em crise A world in crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Altamirano

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem por objeto analisar um segmento do pensamento argentino da década de 1930, representado no ensaísmo sobre a "alma", ou o caráter nacional. Esse ensaísmo produziu alguns textos que se transformaram, por meio da crítica, em clássicos da reflexão sobre o país - tais como Radiografía de la pampa, de Ezequiel Martínez Estrada, e Historia de una pasión argentina, de Eduardo Mallea -, e que se gestaram sobre a base de uma crise política - sua primeira exteriorização foi o golpe de Estado de 1930 - e de uma desordem mais ampla dos pontos intelectuais de referência, em consequência da falência do positivismo entre as elites culturais. O dissabor provocado pelo contexto político nacional se mesclou ao mal-estar oriundo do pensamento europeu sobre a crise - crise do espírito, da ordem liberal e do capitalismo -, e esse amálgama alimentou um estado de descontentamento intelectual que ganhou forma na reflexão ensaística. De modo cada vez mais amplo, esse gênero dá início a uma rigorosa revisão da Argentina liberal, no âmbito de cuja produção destacam-se os referidos ensaios de Martínez Estrada e de Mallea, que serão analisados na parte final do presente estudo.This study analyzes a sector of Argentine thought from the 1930s, represented in the essays on the national 'soul' or character. This essay writing produced a number of texts that were transformed, through critical appraisal, into classics on the country itself - such as Radiografía de la pampa by Ezequiel Martínez Estrada, and Historia de una pasión argentina by Eduardo Mallea - and which emerged out of a political crisis - whose first notable effect was the 1930 coup d'état - and a more widespread disruption of the intellectual points of reference caused by the exhaustion of positivism as a paradigm among the cultural elites. The unease provoked by the national political context merged with the unease stemming from European thought concerning the

  9. REFLECTIONS ON BEHAVIORAL CRISES PREVENTION AND INTERVENTION IN SPECIAL EDUCATION SCHOOLS IN THE UNITED STATES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland PAULAUSKAS

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The development of civilization made crises an inseparable part of our lives. Crises manifest themselves in almost all social areas and organizations, including educational institutions. The goals of the article are to present a theoretical model of normal, deviant and antisocial behaviors, and discuss the psycho-social characteristics of emotionally disturbed adolescents situated in a residential special education school in the United States. The article also gives an analysis of their most prevalent behavioral crises, escalation stages, as well as nonviolent crisis prevention and intervention strategies. The methods that were used include scientific literature review, analysis of statistical information supplied from different government sources, review and analysis of student records, as well as the author’s analytical reflections in working with emotionally disturbed youngsters in residential special education schools in the United States.The results of the study indicate that scientists from different fields use different terminology to describe socially nonconforming behaviors. The author presents a theoretical model of normal, deviant and antisocial behavior that could enhance better understanding and identification of high risk situations and conduct leading to serious crises. The analysis of student records revealed that most of the adolescents situated in special education residential schools are diagnosed with a number of mental health problems. This suggests that the currently prevailing care and education paradigm in the special education residential schools should shift to a more comprehensive treatment paradigm. The article also discusses the pros and cons of nonviolent crisis intervention. It is the author’s opinion that all special education schools serving children with emotional disorders should adopt one of the nonviolent crisis intervention models and develop and implement crisis management policies, plans and procedures.

  10. Charisma, volatility and violence: assessing the role of crises of charismatic authority in precipitating incidents of millenarian violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Walliss

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author develops some of the points he has made elsewhere regarding the role of what may be termed ‘crises of charismatic authority’ in producing volatility or even violence within marginal apocalyptic religious groups. The last quarter of the twentieth century witnessed several incidents where such groups engaged in violent actions against themselves, others in the outside world, or typically both (among them the Peoples Temple in Guayana in 1978, Branch Davidians in Waco, Texas in 1994, Order of the Solar Temple in Switzerland, Quebec and France in 1997, Aum Shirinkyo, Japan in 1995, Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God, Uganda in 2000. This notion of ‘crises of charismatic authority’ has in many ways become a central, recurring theme in the author's analysis of these incidents. While accepting that such crises were typically not sufficient in themselves to have precipitated each of the dramatic denouements the author has examined, he has come to the conclusion that they did play a major role in each; such crises played a much more significant role than that played by external opposition in almost all of the cases the author examined (the case of the Branch Davidians being perhaps the exception that proves the rule. In this article, the author discusses what he means by crises of charismatic authority (an important task in itself due to the diverse understandings of ‘charisma’ found within the literature and presents a comparative analysis of some of the ways in which these crises can occur.

  11. Managing crises through organisational development: a conceptual framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lalonde, Carole

    2011-04-01

    This paper presents a synthesis of the guiding principles in crisis management in accordance with the four configurational imperatives (strategy, structure, leadership and environment) defined by Miller (1987) and outlines interventions in organisational development (OD) that may contribute to their achievement. The aim is to build a conceptual framework at the intersection of these two fields that could help to strengthen the resilient capabilities of individuals, organisations and communities to face crises. This incursion into the field of OD--to generate more efficient configurations of practices in crisis management--seems particularly fruitful considering the system-wide application of OD, based on open-systems theory (Burke, 2008). Various interventions proposed by OD in terms of human processes, structural designs and human resource management, as well as strategy, may help leaders, members of organisations and civil society apply effectively, and in a more sustainable way, the crisis management guiding principles defined by researchers. © 2011 The Author(s). Disasters © Overseas Development Institute, 2011.

  12. Factors Influencing Company Relations with Market Stakeholders, in the Face of Crises in Company Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olszewska Barbara

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Crises in company development are a particular subset of management crises. They emerge on various stages of company development, as a result of gradual depletion of effective management solutions. Crisis situations in companies have varied impact on company stakeholders. The paper presents results of empirical studies of factors influencing company relations with market stakeholders and those that facilitate the process of restoring and maintaining any relations that suffered in the course of crises in company development. The authors’ intention was to identify such factors and evaluate their importance, in relation to various stages of company development and the associated types of crisis situations faced by companies. Empirical studies suggest that certain factors may facilitate conflict resolution in matters concerning company relations with market stakeholders, and that the impact of these factors varies depending on the phase of organizational development and the type of the associated crisis situation. It must be noted, that one of the most important factors to influence problem resolution is the perceived honesty of the exchange participants. Moreover, research suggests that opinions on the significance of organizational dependence of exchange participants in the resolution of problems in relations with market stakeholders are varied.

  13. Foreign exchange rate entropy evolution during financial crises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stosic, Darko; Stosic, Dusan; Ludermir, Teresa; de Oliveira, Wilson; Stosic, Tatijana

    2016-05-01

    This paper examines the effects of financial crises on foreign exchange (FX) markets, where entropy evolution is measured for different exchange rates, using the time-dependent block entropy method. Empirical results suggest that financial crises are associated with significant increase of exchange rate entropy, reflecting instability in FX market dynamics. In accordance with phenomenological expectations, it is found that FX markets with large liquidity and large trading volume are more inert - they recover quicker from a crisis than markets with small liquidity and small trading volume. Moreover, our numerical analysis shows that periods of economic uncertainty are preceded by periods of low entropy values, which may serve as a tool for anticipating the onset of financial crises.

  14. Networked Social Reproduction: Crises in the Integrated Circuit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elise Danielle Thorburn

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper argues that the means of communication are sites for, and aspects of, social reproduction. In contemporary capitalism, motivated as it is by new, networked digital technologies, social reproduction is increasingly virtualised through the means of communication. Although recent political struggles have demonstrated how networked technologies can liberate social reproduction from the profit motive and from commodifying impulses, the tendency is to invoke and accelerate socially reproductive crises—crises in the capacity to reproduce ourselves both daily and intergenerationally. These crises have psychic and corporeal impacts, and intensify Tronti’s “social factory” thesis of capital’s technical composition. In order to develop modes and means of liberatory communication in the integrated circuit it is necessary to untangle and chart both the pathways and outcomes of the crises networked social reproduction invokes.

  15. Victorian Financial Crises and their Implications for the Future

    OpenAIRE

    Kenneth N Kuttner

    2010-01-01

    Banking crises were a relatively common occurrence in 19th century England. Like the Federal Reserve today, the Bank of England struggled to quell panics by acting as the lender of last resort, while at the same time maintaining monetary stability. This article surveys the events leading up to and the Bank's response to the four post-1844 crises, highlights some of the similarities between the Victorian era panics and the 2007–08 crisis, and draws on the 19th century experience to illustrate ...

  16. A contabilidade a valor justo e a crise financeira mundial

    OpenAIRE

    Eric Barreto de Oliveira

    2009-01-01

    A contabilidade a valor justo tem sido discutida desde meados do século passado; porém, tomou força maior a partir de publicações recentes do FASB (Financial Accounting Standards Board) e do IASB (International Accounting Standards Board). Mais recentemente, em resposta à crise global de 2008, inicialmente chamada de crise do subprime, a SEC (Securities Exchange Comission), o FASB e o IASB rediscutiram exaustivamente este critério de mensuração, com o objetivo de detectar falhas que poderiam ...

  17. Crise alimentaire recente dans le troisieme arrondissement de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    L'objectif de cette recherche est d'étudier les répercussions de la récente crise alimentaire sur les ménages de même que les stratégies développées en réaction aux effets de la crise. La démarche méthodologique adoptée dans le cadre de cette recherche est essentiellement basée sur la recherche documentaire et les ...

  18. Political Parties and Social Policy Responses to Global Economic Crises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Starke, Peter; Kaasch, Alexandra; van Hooren, Franca

    2014-01-01

    Based on empirical findings froma comparative study onwelfare state responses to the four major economic shocks (the 1970s oil shocks, the early 1990s recession, the 2008 financial crisis) in four OECD countries, this article demonstrates that, in contrast to conventional wisdom, policy responses...... to global economic crises vary significantly across countries. What explains the cross-national and within-case variation in responses to crises?We discuss several potential causes of this pattern and argue that political parties and the party composition of governments can play a key role in shaping crisis...

  19. What Happened to Our Volcano?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mangiante, Elaine Silva

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author presents an investigative approach to "understanding Earth changes." The author states that students were familiar with earthquakes and volcanoes in other regions of the world but never considered how the land beneath their feet had experienced changes over time. Here, their geology unit helped them understand…

  20. Managing transboundary crises: Identifying building blocks of an effective response system.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ansell, C; Boin, R.A.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/161938876; Keller, A

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, crises have become increasingly transboundary in nature. This exploratory paper investigates whether and how the transboundary dimensions of crises such as pandemics, cyber attacks and prolonged critical infrastructure failure accentuate the challenges that public and private

  1. How do banking crises affect aggregate consumption? Evidence from international crisis episodes

    OpenAIRE

    Gerlach-Kristen, Petra; O'Connell, Brian; O'Toole, Conor

    2013-01-01

    This paper considers the effect of systemic financial crises on aggregate consumption. Using a sample of 23 countries over 32 years, we find that consumption growth seems lower during banking crises, crises following credit booms and crises following house price booms. Moreover, the response to income growth seems to change, which may be due to credit constraints. In the long run, consumption appears to be linked to income, housing and other financial wealth.

  2. Psychological Support for Families During Crises (as exemplified by families members of Ukrainian war veterans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yablonska Tetiana

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the article is to describe the theoretical and empirical research of characteristics of families under non-normative crises, having as an example the families of combatants participated in the anti-terrorist operation in Ukraine. The following family crises are discussed: normative crises, as period of transition from one stage of the family life cycle to another and non-normative crises caused by traumatic life events.

  3. Organizational Crises and Reactions from a Legitimacy Perspective - Results from Two Multiple-case Studies

    OpenAIRE

    Heiko Breitsohl

    2009-01-01

    Organizational crises can be conceptualized as interactions between organizations and stake-holders around the breach and reestablishment of common norms and social codes, i.e. per-ceptions of legitimacy. This paper contributes to the understanding of organizational crises by exploring the roles of dimensions of legitimacy in organizational crises as well as the role of different reactions in the resolution of crises. Results of two qualitative multiple-case studies based on analyses of media...

  4. The new players - what's happening?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Johansen, Baard

    2005-01-01

    The oil company Talisman Energy and its activities in the North Sea are presented. The global corporation's strategy is briefly outlined, and this includes focus on upstream activities, area and product mix, having operator responsibility and exploration activities. North America and the North Sea represent 69 percent of the company's reserves and 76 percent of the production. the North Sea challenges for the future are among others the Norwegian fiscal system which does not stimulate marginal activities, leading to a lower level of activity, less focus on cost, premature removal of offshore infrastructure and fewer discoveries of new reserves (ml)

  5. Introduction: evidence-based action in humanitarian crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijkzeul, D.; Hilhorst, D.; Walker, P.

    2013-01-01

    This introductory paper sets the stage for this special issue of Disasters on evidence-based action in humanitarian crises. It reviews definition(s) of evidence and it examines the different disciplinary and methodological approaches to collecting and analysing evidence. In humanitarian action, the

  6. Supporting Students with Disabilities during School Crises: A Teacher's Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Laura S.; Embury, Dusty Columbia; Jones, Ruth E.; Yssel, Nina

    2014-01-01

    Most schools have crisis plans to support student safety, but few plans address the complex needs of students with disabilities. School supports should include analysis of school plans and student strengths and needs to ensure that students with disabilities have the best opportunity to be safe in school crises. Recommendations include developing…

  7. The Global Financial Crisis and currency crises in Latin America

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boonman, Tjeerd M.; Jacobs, Jan P.A.M.; Kuper, Gerard H.

    2012-01-01

    The Global Financial Crisis (GFC) has aected many regions including Latin America. This paper focuses on currency crises in Argentina, Brazil and Mexico. We estimate an Early Warning System, consisting of a dynamic factor model and an ordered logit model, with monthly data for 1990-2007. Ex ante

  8. Chaos Theory as a Model for Managing Issues and Crises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Priscilla

    1996-01-01

    Uses chaos theory to model public relations situations in which the salient feature is volatility of public perceptions. Discusses the premises of chaos theory and applies them to issues management, the evolution of interest groups, crises, and rumors. Concludes that chaos theory is useful as an analogy to structure image problems and to raise…

  9. Are We Entering an Era of Concatenated Global Crises?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duan Biggs

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available An increase in the frequency and intensity of environmental crises associated with accelerating human-induced global change is of substantial concern to policy makers. The potential impacts, especially on the poor, are exacerbated in an increasingly connected world that enables the emergence of crises that are coupled in time and space. We discuss two factors that can interact to contribute to such an increased concatenation of crises: (1 the increasing strength of global vs. local drivers of change, so that changes become increasingly synchronized; and (2 unprecedented potential for the propagation of crises, and an enhanced risk of management interventions in one region becoming drivers elsewhere, because of increased connectivity. We discuss the oil-food-financial crisis of 2007 to 2008 as an example of a concatenated crisis with origin and ultimate impacts in far removed parts of the globe. The potential for a future of concatenated shocks requires adaptations in science and governance including (a an increased tolerance of uncertainty and surprise, (b strengthening capacity for early detection and response to shocks, and (c flexibility in response to enable adaptation and learning.

  10. Cultural Erosion and the Crises of Development in Nigeria | Yakubu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper explores the dynamics of cultural change and the erosion of cultural heritage vis-à-vis the consequent developmental crises that have enveloped the Nigerian nation for several decades. It is divided into five sections. In the introductory section, the concept of culture is defined, described, and contextualized within ...

  11. Ethnic and religious crises in Nigeria: A specific analysis upon ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hither and thither by recurrent crises of regional or state illegitimacy, often impairing efforts at ... at the notion of Identity and how it explains the crisis of development and ... network of politically silent identities, coupled with a history of protracted ...... Understanding the emerging trends of terrorism in Nigeria: A case study.

  12. CHEAP MONEY POLICY AND ITS ROLE IN TRIGGERING FINANCIAL CRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorel Dumitru CHIRITESCU

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Nothing is more natural inside the evolution of a living system than the crisis itself, the only thing that distinguishes systems from each other is represented by how crises are solved and future developments. The biggest mistake would be to think that there are companies that can develop linearly. Arbitrary, indeterminacy they are well outlined in any development.

  13. Building European Union capacity to manage transboundary crises : Network or lead-agency model?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boin, Arjen; Busuioc, Madalina; Groenleer, Martijn

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, the European continent has witnessed a substantial number of "transboundary crises" - crises that cross geographical borders and affect multiple policy domains. Nation states find it hard to deal with such crises by themselves. International cooperation, thus, becomes increasingly

  14. Whatever happened to the soldiers?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Dorthe Varning; Stigsdotter, Ulrika K.; Refshauge, Anne Dahl

    2015-01-01

    Nature-assisted therapy (NAT) has become more common and recognized in both practice and research. The literature often describes how NAT gradually emerged in the UK and the US offering rehabilitation of soldiers suffering from traumatic experiences after active service in WW I and WW II. The main...... the systematic analysis of the qualitative case studies. This review found that a large amount of projects offering NAT to veterans suffering from PTSD exist in many parts of the world and they present no adverse negative results. Recommendations for future practice and research are posed....... and status of practice and research concerning NAT for veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The systematic review included a seven-step literature search. Relevant data sources were scrutinized in order to retrieve literature meeting the predefined inclusion criteria. Due to the limited...

  15. Abdominal injuries in communal crises: The Jos experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emmanuel Olorundare Ojo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Abdominal injuries contribute significantly to battlefield trauma morbidity and mortality. This study sought to determine the incidence, demographics, clinical features, spectrum, severity, management, and outcome of abdominal trauma during a civilian conflict. Materials and Methods: A prospective analysis of patients treated for abdominal trauma during the Jos civil crises between December 2010 and May 2012 at the Jos University Teaching Hospital. Results: A total of 109 victims of communal conflicts with abdominal injuries were managed during the study period with 89 (81.7% males and 20 (18.3% females representing about 12.2% of the total 897 combat related injuries. The peak age incidence was between 21 and 40 years (range: 3–71 years. The most frequently injured intra-abdominal organs were the small intestine 69 (63.3%, colon 48 (44%, and liver 41 (37.6%. Forty-four (40.4% patients had extra-abdominal injuries involving the chest in 17 (15.6%, musculoskeletal 12 (11%, and the head in 9 (8.3%. The most prevalent weapon injuries were gunshot 76 (69.7%, explosives 12 (11%, stab injuries 11 (10.1%, and blunt abdominal trauma 10 (9.2%. The injury severity score varied from 8 to 52 (mean: 20.8 with a fatality rate of 11 (10.1% and morbidity rate of 29 (26.6%. Presence of irreversible shock, 3 or more injured intra-abdominal organs, severe head injuries, and delayed presentation were the main factors associated with mortality. Conclusion: Abdominal trauma is major life-threatening injuries during conflicts. Substantial mortality occurred with loss of nearly one in every 10 hospitalized victims despite aggressive emergency room resuscitation. The resources expenditure, propensity for death and expediency of timing reinforce the need for early access to the wounded in a concerted trauma care systems.

  16. Do Markets Cointegrate after Financial Crises? Evidence from G-20 Stock Markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahfuzul Haque

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The results of the single-equation cointegration tests indicate that patterns of cointegration in the two main and four sub-periods are not homogeneous. Two key findings emerge from the study. First, fewer stock markets cointegrated with S&P 500 during the crisis period than they did during the pre-crisis. In other words, as the 2008 financial crisis deepened, S&P 500 and G-20 stock indices moved towards less cointegration. The decreasing number of cointegrating relationships implies that the U.S. stock markets and other G-20 markets have experienced different driving forces since the start of the U.S. crisis. Second, among those markets that are cointegrated with S&P 500, they happened to be deeply affected by S&P and the shocks emerging from it. The 2007–2009 financial crises can be considered a structural break in the long-run relationship and may have resulted from effective joint intervention/responses taken by members of G-20 nations.

  17. O impacto de crises financeiras e de medidas prudenciais adotadas pelo Banco Central do Brasil no desempenho bursátil e contábil dos bancos brasileiros no período de junho de 2008 a junho de 2012

    OpenAIRE

    Araes, Theresângela Giongo Flores

    2013-01-01

    A falência do Lehman Brothers em 2008 rapidamente desencadeou um severo risco sistêmico no mercado bancário global e resultou na pior crise financeira desde a Grande Depressão em 1929. Esta crise afetou o sistema financeiro brasileiro, provocando a adoção de diversas medidas prudenciais para combater seus efeitos. Como desdobramento desta crise, surgiu a crise fiscal européia em meados de 2010 com novas medidas expansionistas sendo adotadas no Brasil em 2011. O presente trabalh...

  18. Efeito da crise de 2007/2008 na transmissão internacional de volatilidade no mercado de capitais brasileiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Brutti Righi

    Full Text Available Com a crescente globalização, os mercados financeiros do mundo todo passaram a apresentar maior integração. Tal relacionamento entre mercados possui como implicação um termo que vem atraindo a atenção de profissionais e acadêmicos, a transmissão de volatilidade. Dessa forma, o presente trabalho tem como escopo analisar a transmissão internacional de volatilidade no mercado brasileiro. Para tanto, é utilizado um modelo Garch multivariado com parametrização BEKK. Com base nesse modelo, são estimados os relacionamentos bivariados entre o mercado brasileiro, representado pelo índice Ibovespa, e os mercados americano, argentino, mexicano e chinês, utilizando-se de índices representativos de 4 de janeiro de 2000 até 31 de março de 2010, totalizando 2667 cotações. A amostra foi dividida em três partes, representando os períodos anteriores, durante e posteriores à crise do subprime de 2007/2008. Os resultados obtidos permitem concluir que, durante a crise de 2008, de forma geral, houve mudança na direção da transmissão de volatilidade entre o mercado brasileiro e os demais estudados, de forma ao Brasil passar a exercer maior influência na volatilidade condicional desses, por ter sofrido menores consequências com a crise financeira. Além disso, após o período de turbulência causado pela crise de 2008, o relacionamento da volatilidade entre o mercado brasileiro com os demais passou a ser menos assimétrico do que no período anterior a crise.

  19. Política monetária em tempos de crise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir K. Teles

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo busca investigar como crises causadas por choques externos, como sudden-stops e choques nos termos de troca, afetaram a economia brasileira. Para tanto propomos um modelo teórico simples de cash-in-advance com fricções financeiras de forma que choques de liquidez causam mudanças na alocação dos fatores de produção e na produtividade da economia. Em seguida, o modelo é estimado para a economia brasileira e as implicações para política monetária são analisadas.

  20. A crise Armada Colômbia-Equador no contexto da Guerra contra o Terrorismo Internacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TATIANA WAISBERG

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available A recente crise armada entre Colômbia e Equador trouxe a América do Sul ao foco da mídia internacional. As FARC representam o maior barril de pólvora da América Latina, além de um determinante ator a ser combatido na luta contra o terrorismo internacional. Nesse sentido, o presente artigo busca analisar, sob o prisma da segurança e do direito internacional o papel das FARC em âmbito global e as maneiras segundo as quais elas são combatidas.

  1. O Enquadramento da Crise Hídrica na Revista Veja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Reis

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo tem por objetivo estudar o enquadramento midiático construído em torno da crise hídrica que se instalou no Estado de São Paulo, com maior período de seca entre os anos de 2014 e 2015. No intuito de analisar como o tema foi retratado pelos meios de comunicação, a revista Veja foi eleita objeto deste estudo, que pretende elencar como ocorreu o enquadramento da crise e as atribuições de responsabilidade veiculadas por essa mídia, ao governador reeleito Geraldo Alckmin (PSDB, a Companhia de Saneamento Básico do Estado de São Paulo (Sabesp, aos cidadãos e ao meio ambiente, no período de 1º de janeiro a 31 de março de 2015.

  2. EARNINGS MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMIC CRISES IN THE BRAZILIAN CAPITAL MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldy Fernandes da Silva

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The 2008 economic crisis challenged accounting, either demanding recognition and measurement criteria well adjusted to this scenario or even questioning its ability to inform appropriately entities’ financial situation before the crisis occurred. So, our purpose was to verify if during economic crises listed companies in the Brazilian capital market tended to adopt earnings management (EM practices. Our sample consisted in 3,772 firm-years observations, in 13 years – 1997 to 2009. We developed regression models considering discretionary accruals as EM proxy (dependent variable, crisis as a macroeconomic factor (dummy variable of interest, ROA, market-to-book, size, leverage, foreign direct investment (FDI and sector as control variables. Different for previous EM studies two approaches were used in data panel regression models and multiple crises were observed simultaneously. Statistics tests revealed a significant relation between economic crisis and EM practices concerning listed companies in Brazil in both approaches used.

  3. Resilience of natural gas networks during conflicts, crises and disruptions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Carvalho

    Full Text Available Human conflict, geopolitical crises, terrorist attacks, and natural disasters can turn large parts of energy distribution networks offline. Europe's current gas supply network is largely dependent on deliveries from Russia and North Africa, creating vulnerabilities to social and political instabilities. During crises, less delivery may mean greater congestion, as the pipeline network is used in ways it has not been designed for. Given the importance of the security of natural gas supply, we develop a model to handle network congestion on various geographical scales. We offer a resilient response strategy to energy shortages and quantify its effectiveness for a variety of relevant scenarios. In essence, Europe's gas supply can be made robust even to major supply disruptions, if a fair distribution strategy is applied.

  4. Estando em crise hipertensiva numa emergência hospitalar

    OpenAIRE

    Borenstein,Miriam Susskind; Erdmann,Alacoque Lorenzini

    1994-01-01

    O estudo aborda a situação de saúde do cliente que apresenta crise hipertensiva ao chegar numa emergência hospitalar. Explora dados relativos às características pessoais e clínico epidemiológicas gerais, além de hábitos de vida que nos dão uma noçãoda amplitude da problemática de estar com a saúde "em estado de emergência". Finalizando, as autoras tecem algumas considerações sobre a necessidadede ultrapassar o foco somente biológico no atendimento a clientes com crise hipertensiva, buscando n...

  5. Financial Crises and Automotive Industry Development in Southeast Asia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Doner, Richard F.; Wad, Peter

    2014-01-01

    The automotive industries of Southeast Asia have grown significantly but unevenly. Thailand has outperformed its neighbours in Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines with regard to production and, most notably, export volumes. But the Thai auto industry has not exhibited the level of local...... (indigenous) technology capacity and input growth seen in South Korea, Taiwan and, increasingly, in China. The 1997–98 and 2008 financial and economic crises generally reinforced pre-existing national automotive strategies, but to different degrees: They strongly accelerated an earlier Thai move to exports...... whose very success weakened pressures for upgrading; encouraged more moderate automotive liberalisation in Indonesia and, to a lesser extent, in the Philippines; but promoted only minimal changes to Malaysia’s relatively protectionist national car strategy. The fact that the crises served more...

  6. Estando em crise hipertensiva numa emergência hospitalar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Susskind Borenstein

    1994-09-01

    Full Text Available O estudo aborda a situação de saúde do cliente que apresenta crise hipertensiva ao chegar numa emergência hospitalar. Explora dados relativos às características pessoais e clínico epidemiológicas gerais, além de hábitos de vida que nos dão uma noçãoda amplitude da problemática de estar com a saúde "em estado de emergência". Finalizando, as autoras tecem algumas considerações sobre a necessidadede ultrapassar o foco somente biológico no atendimento a clientes com crise hipertensiva, buscando novos hábitos saudáveis de vida.

  7. Financial crises of the early twentieth century in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.Z. Moshenskyi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the major financial crises in Ukraine at early twentieth century dealing with the crises of 1899–1902 and 1908–1910. The main attention is paid to the large-scale crisis of 1899–1902 at the new industrial region in Eastern Ukraine where numerous steel and mining companies based on massive foreign investment (mainly Belgian and French were created shortly. The general boom of new joint-stock companies and insufficient provision of these companies by state orders were the main reason of the crisis which was the reflection of the international industrial and financial crisis of those years. The author also researches the crisis of 1908–1910 in the Ukrainian sugar industry.

  8. Homoclinic crises in a model for the CO2 laser

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pando L, C.L.; Cerdeira, H.A.

    1993-04-01

    We show that the four-level model for the CO 2 laser with modulated losses predicts a critical exponent close to 1/2 for the characteristic times in two homoclinic crises. In the five-dimensional Poincare map corresponding to this model, a sequential horseshoe formation due to the period three unstable orbit takes place after a region of multistability. (author). 14 refs, 4 figs

  9. Emergency Preparedness for Disasters and Crises in the Hotel Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Rasmi AlBattat; Ahmad Puad Mat Som

    2013-01-01

    Safety and security are the most important issues to tourist while traveling and the first aspect they consider is to be protected from hazards. Emergency planning and preparedness for a crisis are the most significant components of dealing with disasters. Hospitality practitioners noticed a rising number of natural and man-made crises that harm the hospitality industry, regarding its vulnerability to crisis and intern...

  10. Liquidity, banking and financial crises / B. de Waal

    OpenAIRE

    De Waal, B

    2013-01-01

    Some financial experts have blamed deficiencies in Basel II capital regulation for the exacerbation of financial crises in 2007 to 2012. In response to this, new proposals in the form of Basel III attempt to raise the quality, consistency and transparency of the regulatory capital base in order to enhance the risk coverage of Basel II via appropriate ratios. In this article, the authors explore how the new Basel liquidity standards, as encapsulated by the liquid coverage ratio ...

  11. The Critical Role of Crisis Communication Plan in Corporations’ Crises Preparedness and Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnes Lucy Lando

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Many corporations have a Crisis Management Plan (CMP, which is designed to handle crises. These plans may include crisis response drills, evacuation plans, and standby machines/generators. However, when it comes to communication during a crisis, many organizations are ill-prepared because they lack a Crisis Communication Plan (CCP. Following the September 21, 2013 attack on the Westgate Mall in Nairobi, the public’s praises for the security forces swiftly degenerated into blame, insults, and expressions of betrayal. The government seemed unprepared. There was no clearly spelt out CCP detailing what and when to release information, as well as who and how to make the release. Hence, every step the government took to give updates about the attack and what it was doing to secure the mall and save people was challenged by the media and the public. The lack of a CCP was evident in the presentation of several spokespersons by the authorities, double talk, conflicting messages, and uncertainty on the matter. This paper thus argues that while corporations strive for a variety of strategies for crisis management, there is need to also enshrine CCP in their CMP. It utilizes Coombs’ (2012 three-stage crisis management model that carefully considers the pre-crisis, crisis, and post-crisis stages. Focusing on selected corporations in Kenya that suffered crises between June 1, 2012 and October 30, 2013, this research holds that the crises duration and negative impact could have been lessened if the organizations integrated effective CCP in their CMP.

  12. Role of the police in linking individuals experiencing mental health crises with mental health services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background The police are considered frontline professionals in managing individuals experiencing mental health crises. This study examines the extent to which these individuals are disconnected from mental health services, and whether the police response has an influence on re-establishing contact. Methods Police records were searched for calls regarding individuals with acute mental health needs and police handling of these calls. Mental healthcare contact data were retrieved from a Psychiatric Case Register. Results The police were called upon for mental health crisis situations 492 times within the study year, involving 336 individuals (i.e. 1.7 per 1000 inhabitants per year). Half of these individuals (N=162) were disengaged from mental health services, lacking regular care contact in the year prior to the crisis (apart from contact for crisis intervention). In the month following the crisis, 21% of those who were previously disengaged from services had regular care contact, and this was more frequent (49%) if the police had contacted the mental health services during the crisis. The influence of police referral to the services was still present the following year. However, for the majority (58%) of disengaged individuals police did not contact the mental health services at the time of crisis. Conclusions The police deal with a substantial number of individuals experiencing a mental health crisis, half of whom are out of contact with mental health services, and police play an important role in linking these individuals to services. Training police officers to recognise and handle mental health crises, and implementing practical models of cooperation between the police and mental health services in dealing with such crises may further improve police referral of individuals disengaged from mental health services. PMID:23072687

  13. An organisational coherence model to maintain employee contributions during organisational crises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrik J. Pelser

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Crises that threaten an organisation’s continued existence cannot be seen in isolation when considering the perception of threats to individual job security. These threats often go hand in hand with employee panic. Research purpose: The aim of this study was to establish a model to assist organisations in managing employee emotionality and panic during times of crisis. Motivation for the study: Environmental crises threaten organisations’ existence, threatening employees’ livelihood and resulting in employee panic. Panic reduces employees’ contributions. Organisations that are successful harness employee contributions at all times. Research design, approach, and method: A modernist qualitative research methodology was adopted, which included a case study as research strategy, purposive sampling to select 12 research participants, semi-structured interviews for data gathering, focus groups for data verification, and the use of grounded theory for data analysis. Main findings: An organisation’s ability to manage employee panic depends on the relationship between the foundational elements of authentic leadership, crisis readiness, resilience practices, versatile and committed talent, strategic management, quality management, and coherence actions taken during the crisis, which include crisis leadership, ongoing visible communication, mindfulness, work flexibility, and decisions based on the greatest financial need and social support. Practical/managerial implications: The study provides a best-practice option for managing emotionality during crises for the case organisation and other organisations within the vehicle components and other manufacturing industries. Contribution/value-add: The Coherence Hexagons Model is presented as a tool to manage employee panic during crisis. Keywords: crisis management; employee emotionality; employee panic; authentic leadership; talent management

  14. Crise financeira, estado e regularização jurídica Financial crisis, state and legal regularization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nildo Viana

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O Presente artigo discute a questão da crise financeira e seus efeitos na esfera estatal e jurídica, a partir do artigo de josé eduardo faria (2009. para este autor, a crise financeira coloca questões a serem discutidas que possuem ressonância na esfera estatal e jurídica e isto produz uma situação de "poucas certezas e muitas dúvidas", sendo que existiriam cinco possibilidades apontadas por alguns analistas. A análise exposta parte de outra interpretação da crise financeira e, por conseguinte, de suas consequências sociais, bem como apresenta outras tendências e efeitos destas sobre o direito, apresentando uma concepção alternativa ao que este autor apresenta.The present discusses the subject of the financial crisis and your effects in the state and juridical sphere, starting from josé eduardo faria article (2009. para this author, the financial crisis places subjects they be discussed her that possess resonance in the state and juridical sphere and this produces a situation of "few certainties and a lot of doubts", and five pointed possibilities would exist for some analysts. The analysis exposed part of another interpretation of the financial crisis and, consequently, of your social consequences, as well as it presents other tendencies and effects of these on the right, presenting an alternative conception to the that this author presents.

  15. Greece Financial Crises and Sukuk Markets: Experience From Gulf Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldrin Herwany

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Many studies have been carried out to investigate the impact of recent European financial crises on the performance of financial instruments in other regions. Nevertheless, there have been insufficient studies explaining such impact on Islamic financial instrument. In particular, whether Greece Financial crises have affected performance of Sukuk traded in Gulf Markets needs to be answered. This study is aimed at empirically investigating the causality of credit and liquidity risk on Sukuk Markets in Gulf economies in the period of Greece Financial Crises. We analyzed the Sukuk data by employing Granger casuality test, with all the associated vector autoregression model procedures. Our findings show that Bahrain sukuk market is cointegrated with those of Qatar and UAE in the full period observation. Meanwhile, during the crisis, Qatar Sukuk market is cointegrated with those of UAE Bahrain. We also find that Bahrain Sukuk triggers market shock in both Qatar and UAE Sukuk markets. Bahrain consistently causes changes in price and spread of UAE Sukuk, both in the context of the full period and the during-crisis period.DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v9i1.3733

  16. Entrevista - Crise do Capital, disputa de destino e desafios para os trabalhadores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reinaldo Gonçalves

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Desde 2007, temos acompanhado as notícias sobre a mais profunda crise do
    capitalismo, segundo analistas de todos os matizes, desde a grande depressão de
    1929. A crise tem seu estopim no mercado financeiro, por meio do esgotamento
    do crédito, e no epicentro do sistema, a potência econômico-militar norteamericana.
    E se alastra obrigando muitos que dormiram neoliberais num dia a
    acordarem keynesianos no outro, reivindicando mais do que nunca o suporte do
    fundo público dos Estados nacionais. A crise abre uma onda de falências,
    concordatas, aquisições e fusões, num profundo processo de concentração de
    capitais, no mesmo passo em que o desemprego se alastra como uma epidemia.
    As manifestações de trabalhadores na Europa e nos Estados Unidos no dia 1o de
    maio de 2009, muitas delas radicalizadas e unificadas como há muito não se via,
    não deixam dúvidas sobre o impacto da crise sobre os trabalhadores, que
    buscam recompor sua organização política após anos de fragmentação,
    complexificação e heterogeneização. A profundidade da crise foi subestimada no
    Brasil supostamente blindado pela gestão eficiente da política econômica,
    articulada à transferência de renda como eixo da política social. Será? Para
    comentar esses processos e alimentar nossa compreensão de seus significados e
    repercussões presentes e futuras, convidamos o economista Reinaldo Gonçalves,
    professor titular de Economia Internacional da UFRJ, autor de mais de três
    centenas de trabalhos publicados em 21 países, e com nove livros publicados no
    Brasil, em geral sobre a economia política brasileira e sua relação com o cenário
    internacional. Reinaldo Gonçalves nos alerta para a longa duração desta crise e
    para a fragilidade das

  17. A crise energética argentina: fonte de conflito ou oportunidade de cooperação?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Paulo de Araujo Ribeiro

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Recentemente a crise enérgica na Argentina ganhou repercussão mundial.  Nesse sentido o presente artigo busca analisar essa situação e as implicações que ela terá no cenário regional e mundial, em termos de possibilitar a cooperação ou gerar conflito.

  18. Existence crises of actual financial management systems

    OpenAIRE

    SVASTA Mihai

    2009-01-01

    The present financial management systems reflects only partially the economic reality and they are no longer able to act as an instrument for the management. It is absurd that an economy populated by business models based on 21st century technology to use financial management systems based mainly on the same principles formalised by Luca Paciolli in 1494. Therefore, one of the causes of the current economic crisis could be the lack of coordination between the evolution of the business models ...

  19. Responding to the Housing and Financial Crises

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scanlon, Kathleen; Lunde, Jens; Whitehead, Christine

    2011-01-01

    The long period of house price growth in markets across the world ended with the US and global financial crisis of 2007/08. The crisis and the consequent recession had profound effects on mortgage market actors – including households, institutions and governments – in most advanced economies......, whether or not they participated in this rapid house price growth. Many of the trends observed during the boom, especially the innovations in financial instruments, were reversed. This paper presents evidence on how mortgage markets and stakeholders responded in the initial period after the crash...

  20. Liquidity crises on different time scales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corradi, Francesco; Zaccaria, Andrea; Pietronero, Luciano

    2015-12-01

    We present an empirical analysis of the microstructure of financial markets and, in particular, of the static and dynamic properties of liquidity. We find that on relatively large time scales (15 min) large price fluctuations are connected to the failure of the subtle mechanism of compensation between the flows of market and limit orders: in other words, the missed revelation of the latent order book breaks the dynamical equilibrium between the flows, triggering the large price jumps. On smaller time scales (30 s), instead, the static depletion of the limit order book is an indicator of an intrinsic fragility of the system, which is related to a strongly nonlinear enhancement of the response. In order to quantify this phenomenon we introduce a measure of the liquidity imbalance present in the book and we show that it is correlated to both the sign and the magnitude of the next price movement. These findings provide a quantitative definition of the effective liquidity, which proves to be strongly dependent on the considered time scales.

  1. Individuals' Interest in Preventing Everyday Accidents and Crises: A Swedish Explorative Study of the Importance of Motivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Wall

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This explorative study presents an empirical examination of the connection between motivation and the measures individuals take to prevent everyday accidents and prepare for crises. Positional factors (age and gender and situational factors (education, size of locality, and household composition are included because the literature highlights their importance. The study used data gathered in a 2010/2011 poll of randomly selected Swedish residents aged 16–75 (N = 2000; 44.8% response rate. A factor analysis reduced the theoretical model for situational motivation (Guay, Vallerand, & Blanchard, 2000 from four to two dimensions: motivation and amotivation. Subsequent regression analyses statistically confirmed the connection between motivation or amotivation and the extent to which individuals pursue preventative and preparedness measures, even when accounting for positional and situational factors. These findings underscore the need for continued studies of individuals’ incentives to prevent accidents and prepare for crises and for the study of the nuances of (situational motivation and preventive/preparedness measures.

  2. Variations of Young Germans’ Informal Conceptions of Financial and Economic Crises Phenomena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmela Aprea

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The development of a sound understanding of financial and economic crises phenomena must be considered an important goal within the scope of citizenship, economic and social science education. As with every other educational endeavour, this intention requires solid information about what informal conceptions learners hold about this specific aspect of reality. However, even though this necessity is widely acknowledged, respective theoretical and empirical research is rather scarce. The research to be presented here aims to contribute to filling this gap by exploring variations in young Germans’ common-sense conceptions of financial and economic crises phenomena. The research activities adhere to a comprehensive view of how economic issues should be involved in education. Moreover, a phenomenographic research approach is adopted. This approach was implemented in an interview study with 56 secondary school students in Baden-Württemberg (Germany. Besides this study, the paper also considers evidence from German survey data. In the interview study, four different conceptions (i.e., denial of the crisis, magical thinking, optimism, realism could be reconstructed, which vary with respect to whether students’ awareness of specific facets of the crisis was given or not. In addition, from this study as well as from the survey data, an excessively optimistic attitude was stated in young Germans. This attitude, however, seems to be more a symptom of insecurity and overstrain than a manifestation of a profound comprehension. These results are discussed with regard to the design of formal curricula and instruction.

  3. An Energy Policy Analysis and Proposed Remedial Actions to Reduce Energy Crises in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GHOUS BUX NAREJO

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Pakistan energy demand has grown exponentially over the last 2 decades. Reason behind increasing energy demand is excessive mobility of rural population to cities, rapid progression in industrial and transport sector, lack of policy making and implementation on the developed policies and improvements in living style. At present, Pakistan witness 5000-7000 MW power deficit in summer. To reduce the demand and supply gap, power plants across Pakistan are planned to be installed while some are under development phase. Power expansion plans cannot cope with the current energy shortfall since several years are required for them to get fully operational. Effective energy policy is the only key to address the existing shortfall. This paper discusses the initiatives that may be taken to reduce the power shortfall using energy efficiency and conservation, deployment of microgrids, utilization of renewable energy resources and effective research and development in energy sector. Since another most important issue evaluated in the research regarding the energy crises is energy efficiency and lack of compliance to government regulations for energy efficiency and conservation. Implementation on the policies developed for energy efficiencies and conservation has not been witnessed. Possible solutions on short term basis to lessen the energy crises have also been discussed in the paper

  4. Role of social media and networking in volcanic crises and communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sennert, Sally K.; Klemetti, Erik W.; Bird, Deanne

    2017-01-01

    The growth of social media as a primary and often preferred news source has contributed to the rapid dissemination of information about volcanic eruptions and potential volcanic crises as an eruption begins. Information about volcanic activity comes from a variety of sources: news organisations, emergency management personnel, individuals (both public and official) and volcano monitoring agencies. Once posted, this information is easily shared, increasing the reach to a much broader population than the original audience. The onset and popularity of social media as a vehicle for eruption information dissemination has presented many benefits as well as challenges, and points towards a need for a more unified system for information. This includes volcano observatories using social media as an official channels to distribute activity statements, forecasts and predictions on social media, in addition to the archiving of images and data activity. This chapter looks at two examples of projects that collect / disseminate information regarding volcanic crises and eruptive activity utilizing social media sources. Based on those examples, recommendations are made to volcanic observatories in relation to the use of social media as a two-way communication tool. These recommendations include: using social media as a two-way dialogue to communicate and receive information directly from the public and other sources; stating that the social media account is from an official source; and, posting types of information that the public are seeking such as images, videos and figures.

  5. Diferentes teorias marxistas de crise e diferentes interpretações da crise atual Different Marxist theories of crises and different interpretations of the current crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Paulo Cipolla

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta criticamente diferentes interpretações da crise atual. Orientaram a seleção das várias contribuições a representatividade das teorias marxistas clássicas de crise e a importância das novas abordagens correspondentes aos novos fenômenos em desenvolvimento no capitalismo atual. O exame crítico dessas contribuições revela uma linha divisória entre aqueles que concebem a crise como tendo sido causada pelo afluxo dos lucros da produção para as finanças (Husson e Foster /Magdoff e aqueles para os quais o aumento do crédito de consumo foi resultado de uma reestruturação dos fluxos de crédito das empresas, cada vez mais autônomas no mercado de dinheiro, às famílias assalariadas, cada vez mais dependentes do financiamento bancário. Essa linha divisória reflete a importância que o primeiro grupo adjudica à diminuição do ritmo de crescimento vis-à-vis os teóricos da School of Oriental and African Studies. A análise revela também que a atrofia da economia política leva a um abandono precoce da teoria bancária e financeira de Marx em favor dos instrumentos teóricos pós-keynesianos imediatamente disponíveis para o uso.This article is a critical survey of different interpretations of the 2007-2008 financial crises. They were chosen either because they represented classical Marxian views on crisis, such as the underconsumption or over-accumulation theories, or else because they were newly developed interpretations based on recent newly economic developments, as it is the case of the financial expropriation theory. The analysis reveals three main points of view. The first is that the cause of crisis is the stagnation of the economy and the ensuing transfer of profits from production to finance, process that caused the housing-financial bubble (Husson and Foster/Magdoff. The second view argues that it was the structural change in financial markets which led banks to increasingly rely on consumer credit

  6. Do Economic Reforms Alleviate Subjective Well-Being Losses of Economic Crises?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnskov, Christian

    2014-01-01

    Major economic crises tend to be followed by crises in subjective well-being. Following the financial and debt crises, politicians and social scientists have engaged in heated discussions of ways to alleviate such losses. In particular, should governments intervene more or less? This paper explores...... whether liberalizing economic institutions, a type of reform favoured by some economists, is likely to alleviate such loses. Estimating the effects of crises across European states 1975–2011 suggest that countries with relatively easy market regulations suffered smaller well-being losses....

  7. MEASURES AND INSTRUMENTS USED AS A RESPONSE TO CRISES IN EUROPEAN UNION - AN OVERVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FIRTESCU BOGDAN

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available During latest times, financial crises have been a common occurrence in emerging market (and transition countries with negative influence for the economies. Financial crises have had negative effects on real output, work force, poverty and political instability. Latest crises (2008 that struck US become international, its consequence being received in European countries too. This paper wants to discuss some intervention measures taken in the European Union Area and some importants funds used as tools for crises fighting. The European Economic Recovery Plan and EU funding mechanisms (The European Social Fund (ESF and The European Globalization Adjustment Fund (EGF are taken into discussion.

  8. Could a 'Chernobyl' nuclear disaster happen here?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Van Heerden, A.

    1986-01-01

    At 1.23 a.m. (Soviet European Time) on Saturday 26 April 1986 an accident occurred in reactor number four of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power-Station in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. The hydrogen in the core of the reactor exploded while the reactor was being shut down for routine maintenance, and a cloud of radioactivity was blasted high into the atmosphere. The radioactive plume drifted north-westwards to Sweden where, on 28 April, a radiation detector at the Forsmark nuclear complex gave the first public warning of the Chernobyl disaster. South Africa possesses one nuclear power-station, at Koeberg some 30 kilometres north of Cape Town. Is Koeberg safe? Could a Chernobyl-style disaster occur here? The difference in design between the Chernobylsk-4 reactor and Koeberg reactor is discussed. Differences in the design of the two power-stations preclude the same type of accident from happening at Koeberg. The chances of an accident affecting the environment seriously remain remote, given a design philosophy which includes minimising the possibility of an accident, containing it should it happen, and pre-planning the emergency response in case it cannot be contained. That, in a nutshell, is why we believe Koeberg will never become a 'Chernobyl'

  9. East Asian Financial Cycles: Asian vs. Global Financial Crises

    OpenAIRE

    Akira Kohsaka; Jun-ichi Shinkai

    2014-01-01

    We examine the role of financial shocks in business cycles in general and in financial crises in particular in East Asia (Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia and Thailand) since the 1990s. Estimating a Financial Conditions Index, we found that financial shocks explain most of business downturns in all the economies in the Asian Financial Crisis (AFC) in 1997-98, but that the effects of financial shocks are diverse across economies in the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) in 2008-09. In the GFC, the financ...

  10. Crises and (the absence of ethics: Inseparable Magdeburg spheres?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan V. Arthur

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Ethics and trust can avoid crises, just as, as recent events have clearly proved, the reverse is true. The paper is simply constructed: Section 1 provides a historical analysis; Section 2 deals with today‟s situation, drawing similarities and differences and the possible outcomes thereby arising; the final section concludes. Historical data are difficult to come by for most countries, especially when they should also be comparable across time. In general, and for this reason, US data have been used: however, the situation in other countries was little different, as will be shown, so that the data may be considered to be representative.

  11. [Adolescent crises in puberty. Diagnosis and therapy (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller-Küppers, M

    1979-08-24

    Psychological disorders which become manifest as adolescent crises must be seen as complex phenomena and treated thoroughly: besides the genetic, biographic and psychosocial background of the youthful individual the cultural and economic aspects play an important role. Nevertheless we must admit that associated causal explanations, e.g. for accelerated or late development are lacking. Focal points for the subsequent symptom complexes of sexual behavior in puberty are: psychosexual prematurity or retardation, masturbation, homosexual relations, pubertal asceticism and premature and frequently changing sexual relations.

  12. Resolution of psychosocial crises associated with flying in space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suedfeld, Peter; Brcic, Jelena

    2011-07-01

    Erikson (1959) proposed a theoretical basis for healthy psychosocial development. His theory posits eight critical conflict situations throughout one's lifetime, each of which can result in a favorable or unfavorable resolution. Autobiographies, memoirs, interviews, personal diaries, and oral histories of 97 international astronauts were content analyzed to assess reported resolutions of Erikson's psychosocial crises, regardless of chronological sequence. We made comparisons across flight phases (before, during, and after), gender, nationality of home space agency, and flight duration. Astronauts reported more favorable than unfavorable outcomes across flight phases and demographic variables. Differences across demographic variables and flight phases, as well as the changes as a result of the flight are discussed.

  13. A Simple Model of Monetary Policy and Currency Crises

    OpenAIRE

    Philippe AGHION; Philippe BACCHETTA; Abhijit BANERJEE

    1999-01-01

    This paper analyzes the optimal interest rate policy in currency crises. Firms are credit constrained and have debt in domestic and foreign currency, a situation that may easily lead to a currency crisis. An interest rate increase has an ambiguous effect on firms since it both makes more difficult to borrow and may decrease the foreign currency debt burden. In some cases it is actually best to decrease the interest rate. We also show how these issues are related to development of the financia...

  14. A Simple Model of Monetary Pollicy and Currency Crises

    OpenAIRE

    Aghion, Philippe; Bacchetta, Philippe; Banerjee, Abhijit

    1999-01-01

    This paper analyzes the optimal interest rate policy in currency crises. Firms are credit constrained and have debt in domestic and foreign currency, a situation that may easily lead to a currency crisis. An interest rate increase has an ambiguous effect on firms since it both makes more difficult to borrow and may decrease the foreign currency debt burden. In some cases it is actually best to decrase the interest rate. We also show how these issues are related to the development of the finan...

  15. A crise tripartite: entre revitalização do multilateralismo e regionalização da questão das FARC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PABLO P. SAMPEDRO ROMERO

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo busca analisar os efeitos da recente crise diplomática sofrida pelos países na sub-região andina, devido às tensões nas relações entre Equador, Colômbia e Venezuela devido ao problema das FARC.

  16. Crise da água na região metropolitana de São Paulo – 2013/2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Roberto Jacobi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available A diminuição dos índices pluviométricos na região sudeste do Brasil apresentavam um cenário previsível de escassez hídrica no ano de 2015. Diante da negação da possível crise, a gestão hídrica restou prejudicada. A situação crítica e a morosidade na proposição de medidas efetivas para minimizar a crise fazem da Região Metropolitana de São Paulo uma área crítica em relação à qualidade e quantidade de água. Da observação dessa nova condição, o presente artigo, além de contextualizar a crise, se propõe a apresentar propostas para gestão dos recursos hídricos no estado.

  17. Being in two minds: the neural basis of experiencing action crises in personal long-term goals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrmann, Marcel; Baur, Volker; Brandstätter, Veronika; Hänggi, Jürgen; Jäncke, Lutz

    2014-01-01

    Although the successful pursuit of long-term goals constitutes an essential prerequisite to personal development, health, and well-being, little research has been devoted to the understanding of its underlying neural processes. A critical phase in the pursuit of long-term goals is defined as an action crisis, conceptualized as the intra-psychic conflict between further goal pursuit and disengagement from the goal. In the present research, we applied an interdisciplinary (cognitive and neural) approach to the analysis of processes underlying the experience of an action crisis. In Study 1, a longitudinal field study, action crises in personal goals gave rise to an increased and unbiased (re)evaluation of the costs and benefits (i.e., rewards) of the goal. Study 2 was a magnetic resonance imaging study examining resting-state functional connectivity. The extent of experienced action crises was associated with enhanced fronto-accumbal connectivity signifying increased reward-related impact on prefrontal action control. Action crises, furthermore, mediated the relationship between a dispositional measure of effective goal pursuit (action orientation) and fronto-accumbal connectivity. The converging and complementary results from two methodologically different approaches advance the understanding of the neurobiology of personal long-term goals, especially with respect to the role of rewards in the context of goal-related conflicts.

  18. Crises gêmeas nos mercados emergentes: América Latina x Leste Asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tito Belchior Silva Moreira

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This article uses a crisis index based on an average of the variations in currency and financial crises indicators, referred to as "twin crises", adjusting them to the same volatility. Thus, the objective is to measure the degree of vulnerability to twin crises within a group of 19 countries in the context of the East Asian crisis. Based on the crisis index regarding data from 1996, the most vulnerable countries of the twin crises can be ordered and identified a year before the onset of the crises. East Asian countries, in contrast with Latin American countries, were identified as the most vulnerable to twin crises.

  19. Crises gêmeas nos mercados emergentes: América Latina x Leste Asiático

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tito Belchior Silva Moreira

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This article uses a crisis index based on an average of the variations in currency and financial crises indicators, referred to as “twin crises ”, adjusting them to the same volatility. Thus, the objective is to measure the degree of vulnerability to twin crises within a group of 19 countries in the context of the East Asian crisis. Based on the crisis index regarding data from 1996, the most vulnerable countries of the twin crises can be ordered and identified a year before the onset of the crises. East Asian countries, in contrast with Latin American countries, were identified as the most vulnerable to twin crises.

  20. Early Warning Models for Systemic Banking Crises in Montenegro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Željka Asanović

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to create an adequate early warning model for systemic banking crises in Montenegro. The probability of banking crisis occurrence is calculated using discrete dependent variable models, more precisely, estimating logit regression. Afterwards, seven simple logit regressions that individually have two explanatory variables are estimated. Adequate weights have been assigned to all seven regressions using the technique of Bayesian model averaging. The advantage of this technique is that it takes into account the model uncertainty by considering various combinations of models in order to minimize the author’s subjective judgment when determining reliable early warning indicators. The results of Bayesian model averaging largely coincide with the results of a previously estimated dynamic logit model. Indicators of credit expansion, thanks to their performances, have a dominant role in early warning models for systemic banking crises in Montenegro. The results have also shown that the Montenegrin banking system is significantly exposed to trends on the global level.

  1. A crise econômica de 2014/2017

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando de Holanda Barbosa Filho

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo mostra que a crise de 2014/2017 é fruto de uma combinação de choques de oferta e demanda resultado de erros de política econômica. Esses choques produziram uma redução da capacidade de crescimento da economia brasileira e risco de insolvência das finanças públicas. A solução da crise fiscal, através da PEC do teto dos gastos, fará que o país retome o crescimento econômico a partir de 2017, utilizando a capacidade ociosa da economia. No entanto, a taxa de crescimento do produto potencial não recuperará o ritmo anterior devido aos efeitos duradouros das políticas da Nova Matriz Econômica (NME que reduziram o produto potencial nacional. Recomenda-se, portanto, a adoção de políticas que induzam uma recuperação da produtividade da economia brasileira.

  2. Improving communication during volcanic crises on small, vulnerable islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGuire, W. J.; Solana, M. C.; Kilburn, C. R. J.; Sanderson, D.

    2009-05-01

    Increased exposure to volcanic hazard, particularly at vulnerable small islands, is driving an urgent and growing need for improved communication between monitoring scientists, emergency managers and the media, in advance of and during volcanic crises. Information gathering exercises undertaken on volcanic islands (Guadeloupe, St. Vincent and Montserrat) in the Lesser Antilles (eastern Caribbean), which have recently experienced - or are currently experiencing - volcanic action, have provided the basis for the compilation and publication of a handbook on Communication During Volcanic Emergencies, aimed at the principal stakeholder groups. The findings of the on-island surveys point up the critical importance of (1) bringing together monitoring scientists, emergency managers, and representatives of the media, well in advance of a volcanic crisis, and (2), ensuring that procedures and protocols are in place that will allow, as far as possible, effective and seamless cooperation and coordination when and if a crisis situation develops. Communication During Volcanic Emergencies is designed to promote and encourage both of these priorities through providing the first source-book addressing working relationships and inter-linkages between the stakeholder groups, and providing examples of good and bad practice. While targeting the volcanic islands of the eastern Caribbean, the source-book and its content are largely generic, and the advice and guidelines contained therein have equal validity in respect of improving communication before and during crises at any volcano, and have application to the communication issue in respect of a range of other geophysical hazards.

  3. SJIT Happens og ungdoms-tv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Toft

    2018-01-01

    for kernemålgruppen. Kapitlet indeholder en diskussion af tilgangene enkeltprogramanalyse og programfladeanalyse i forhold til overgangen fra flow-tv til streaming-tjenesternes vækst. Det er dette kapitels hovedpointe, at særligt en series iscenesættelse fungerer som en repræsentation af kernepublikummet, og kapitlet......I kapitlet "SJIT Happens og ungdoms-tv" tager jeg udgangspunkt i, at unge seere i aldersgruppen 12-34 har flyttet sig fra traditionelt lineært tv til online mediebrug siden 2010. Dette udgangspunkt fører til to vinkler: en institutionsanalytisk redegørelse for TV 2’s ungdomskanal ZULU og en analyse...

  4. Acute intermittent porphyria presenting as progressive muscular ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Acute intermittent porphyria, the most common porphyria affecting the nervous system, typically presents with neurovisceral crises followed by a motor neuropathy. We describe a 23-year-old black South African man presenting with a progressive stuttering, lower motor neuron syndrome developing over months. He had not ...

  5. How company responses and trusting relationships protect brand equity in times of crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hegner, Sabrina; Hegner, Sabrina M.; Beldad, Ardion Daroca; Kamphuis op Heguis, Sjarlot

    2014-01-01

    Brands are susceptible to various forms of crises, regardless of whether a brand’s conscious deviation from socially acceptable practices or forces and activities beyond the brand’s control prompted a crisis. Undeniably, crises can have negative ramifications for the brand’s consumer relationships

  6. Rising from the ashes : How brands and categories can overcome product-harm crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cleeren, K.; van Heerde, H.J.; Dekimpe, M.G.

    2013-01-01

    Product-harm crises are omnipresent in today's marketplace. Such crises can cause major revenue and market-share losses, lead to costly product recalls, and destroy carefully nurtured brand equity. Moreover, some of these effects may spill over to nonaffected competitors in the category when they

  7. The effects of systemic crises when investors can be crisis ignorant

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.J.W.G. Kole (Erik); C.G. Koedijk (Kees); M.J.C.M. Verbeek (Marno)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractSystemic crises can largely affect asset allocations due to the rapid deterioration of the risk-return trade-off. We investigate the effects of systemic crises, interpreted as global simultaneous shocks to financial markets, by introducing an investor adopting a crisis ignorant or crisis

  8. Towards a realtime Twitter analysis during crises for operational crisis management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Terpstra, T.; Stronkman, R.J.P.; Vries, A. de; Paradies, G.L.

    2012-01-01

    Today's crises attract great attention on social media, from local and distant citizens as well as from news media. This study investigates the possibilities of real-time and automated analysis of Twitter messages during crises. The analysis was performed through application of an information

  9. Da violência ao vínculo: construindo novos sentidos para a atenção à crise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaína Quinzen Willrich

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo objetiva conhecer os sentidos presentes nas práticas discursivas de profissionais de Centros de Atenção Psicossocial produzidos pelas novas formas de lidar e se relacionar com o sujeito em crise psíquica grave. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, embasada na perspectiva teórica do Construcionismo Social. Analisou-se 27 entrevistas de profissionais a partir da identificação dos repertórios interpretativos e da construção dos Mapas de Associação de Ideias. Os dados foram organizados nos temas: Dificuldades da contenção no serviço; Sentidos construídos em torno dessa prática; Posicionamentos dos profissionais em relação a essa prática; Participação da Polícia Militar no cuidado da crise; Sentido de responsabilidade da equipe de enfermagem em cuidar da crise. Demonstra-se a necessidade de discussão e construção de práticas de atenção à crise que sejam mais coletivas e embasadas em relações de contrato que respeitem a singularidade e subjetividade dos sujeitos.

  10. Com a cabeça nas nuvens da crise dos Subprimes | Head in the clouds of the sub-prime crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yann Moulier Boutang

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo o texto apresenta a crise dos subprimes como a manifestação da impossibilidade de separação entre especulação e mercado da economia-mundo. A crise atual é apontada como sendo a primeira crise global do comunismo do capital e uma interdependência entre devedores e credores. A menos que se invente um novo New Deal, que refunde os antigos direitos do Estado-providência e crie novos direitos de novos trabalhadores, não se vê meio pelo qual um programa de eutanásia da renda evitará a explosão política. Palavras-chave crise; capitalismo cognitivo; renda; economia mundial. Abstract the paper presents the subprime crisis as a manifestation of the impossibility of separating speculation and market from the world economy. The current crisis is pointed out as being the first global crisis of communism of capital and also an interdependence between debtors and creditors. Unless a new New Deal is invented, which recasts the ancient rights of the welfare state and creates new rights for new workers, there is no means by which a program of euthanasia may avoid political explosion. Keywords crisis; cognitive capitalism; rent; world economy.

  11. Europe's vulnerability to energy crises

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-01-15

    The growing dependency of Europe as a whole on energy imports and anticipated further increases in energy prices reinforce the concerns about meeting the energy demand in the future. The objective of the Study is to identify the threats leading to potential energy crises and suggest solutions for facing, in an appropriate way, the related key challenges. In addition, the Study intends to develop a number of indicators effective enough to assess the level of different types of vulnerability, as well the overall vulnerability of a country or region, including threats to physical disruption, higher energy prices etc. The use of vulnerability indicators is highly recommended for all WEC-European countries, as well as to policy makers and market players.

  12. Economic Crises and the Complexity of Animal Spirits Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grigore PIROŞCĂ

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The rationale of this research goes into the origins of the economic crises from a different way of economic thinking, hence the professional interest on bringing again into the light the concept of animal spirits, used for the first time from classic liberals like David Hume, developed by doctrine founder John Maynard Keynes, and captured as groundbreaking economic crisis hypothesis in Nobel Prize laureates’ books like George Akerlof. A familiar account of the last financial crisis underlines the collapse of confidence and evaporation of trust which leaded to failure of corporate governance and easy money policy. Nor were these problems of recent origin; they were rooted in deep structural changes in the economy that date back many years. Financial innovations overheated the world economy and gained steam because of irrational exuberance over a risk free better future. Considering the evidence analyzed in this paper work, this approach of economic crisis through animal spirits puts forward new highlights of economic thought.

  13. The Cyclical Behaviour of Global Economic Crises and Their Strenght

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona Moagăr-Poladian

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available In the last 40 years, the world crises have become more and more intensely and serious. The decoupling phenomenon between the financial flows and commodities flows has shown the political factors involvement in international monetary flows, reflected first of all by the increasing military expenses in the contemporary world economy. The petroleum shocks from ‘74-‘75 years had generated monetary flows of petrodollars that accentuated the international financial assumptions. The financial movements have overlapped to a less currency utilisation in the material trade owing to the fact that the consistent dropping of the world trade stimulated trade by swap. The unbalanced distribution of the international financial liquidities, the chronical disequilibrium of current account balance, approval of high rate of exchange rate volatility and multiple currency approvals explain somewhat the differing economic growth on the world level.

  14. Early warning signal for interior crises in excitable systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karnatak, Rajat; Kantz, Holger; Bialonski, Stephan

    2017-10-01

    The ability to reliably predict critical transitions in dynamical systems is a long-standing goal of diverse scientific communities. Previous work focused on early warning signals related to local bifurcations (critical slowing down) and nonbifurcation-type transitions. We extend this toolbox and report on a characteristic scaling behavior (critical attractor growth) which is indicative of an impending global bifurcation, an interior crisis in excitable systems. We demonstrate our early warning signal in a conceptual climate model as well as in a model of coupled neurons known to exhibit extreme events. We observed critical attractor growth prior to interior crises of chaotic as well as strange-nonchaotic attractors. These observations promise to extend the classes of transitions that can be predicted via early warning signals.

  15. Renouvellement ou crise de l’imaginaire capitaliste?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolfe, Harald

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Cette contribution met en question l’imaginaire capitaliste : son noyau chez Castoriadis – maîtrise (pseudo- rationnelle, organisation bureaucratique – et ses métamorphoses contemporaines. On a parlé d’un "nouvel esprit du capitalisme" (Boltanski/Chiapello: organisation en réseau, des projets, autonomie relative du travail. Ces mutations de l’idéologie managériale et le développement correspondant de l’institution de l’organisation et du travail signifient-ils un véritable renouvellement de l’imaginaire capitaliste? Ou bien ces changements, avec leurs contradictions et leurs limites, sont-ils, au contraire, l’indice d’une crise profonde de la capacité d’innovation et de mobilisation des significations imaginaires sociales centrales du capitalisme?

  16. Evaluation and treatment of hypertensive crises in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stein DR

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Deborah R Stein, Michael A Ferguson Division of Nephrology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA Abstract: Hypertensive crises in children are medical emergencies that must be identified, evaluated, and treated promptly and appropriately to prevent end-organ injury and even death. Treatment in the acute setting typically includes continuous intravenous antihypertensive medications with monitoring in the intensive care unit setting. Medications commonly used to treat severe hypertension have been poorly studied in children. Dosing guidelines are available, although few pediatric-specific trials have been conducted to facilitate evidence-based therapy. Regardless of what medication is used, blood pressure should be lowered gradually to allow for accommodation of autoregulatory mechanisms and to prevent cerebral ischemia. Determining the underlying cause of the blood pressure elevation may be helpful in guiding therapy. Keywords: hypertensive crisis, hypertensive urgency, hypertensive emergency, antihypertensive medications

  17. Coping with Financial Crises: Latin American Answers to European Questions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo A.Cavallo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Europe faces challenges reminiscent of Latin American financial crises, namely unsustainable sovereign spreads, banking system distress, sudden stops in capital flows and growth rate collapse. The failure of recent liquidity support to normalize the situation suggests the need to refocus the policy debate on fundamentals: structural reform for growth and, where needed, restructuring to resolve banking crises and the debt overhang.  Latin America’s experience yields relevant policy lessons for Europe on all these fronts, tempered only by the slight exception that sharp real devaluation, which was key to spearheading recovery in Latin America, is unfeasible in the eurozone. Struggling eurozone countries are caught between a rock and a hard place, as the currency union imposes strict policy constraints while the reintroduction of national currencies under conditions of crisis would be catastrophic. Nevertheless, contemporary Europe stands a better chance of recovery because, in contrast with the Latin America experience, the European Union possesses greater avenues for international cooperation. With respect to financial support, a resourceful European Central Bank able to avoid chaotic adjustment by brute force is a decisive advantage of Europe relative to Latin America, which only had access to the weaker and less reliable IMF. Arguably, the limited nature of external support strongly contributed to the depth of Latin America’s great collapses. European cooperation can explore and exhaust alternatives to a euro exit to the benefit of all union members and, if dissolution becomes unavoidable, ensure amicable support to ease the transition. The path to success remains uncharted, however, and implementation of the necessary regional mechanisms will require innovation and political will. If the available means of cooperation are not used effectively, crisis countries in Europe may fare worse than those in Latin America.

  18. What Happened with Spectrometer Magnet 2B

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green, Michael A.

    2010-01-01

    The spectrometer solenoid is supposed to be the first magnets installed in MICE (1)-(4). This report described what happened during the test of the MICE spectrometer solenoid 2B. First, the report describes the temperatures in the magnet, the cooler top plate and the shield during the run where the magnet quenched at 258 A. During this quench, a lead between the bottom of the HTS leads and the diode bank burned out causing the magnet to quench. Second, three methods for measuring the net heat flow into the cold mass are described. Third, there is a discussion of possible resistive heating in the HTS leads between liquid helium temperature and the copper plate, which is at about 50 K. Fourth, there is a discussion of the measured first stage heat loads in the magnet, when there is no current in the magnet. The first stage heat load calculations are based on knowing the first stage temperatures of the three two-stage pulse tube coolers and the single stage GM cooler. Fifth, the estimated heat load to the first stage when the magnet has current in it is discussed. Sixth, there is a comparison of the stage 1 heat loads in magnet 1A (5), magnet 2A (6), and magnet 2B (7). Finally there is a discussion of recommended changes for improving the spectrometer solenoids so that the coolers can keep them cold.

  19. Evaluation and management of pediatric hypertensive crises: hypertensive urgency and hypertensive emergencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patel NH

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Nirali H Patel,1 Sarah K Romero,2 David C Kaelber31Division of Emergency Medicine, Akron Children's Hospital, Akron, OH, USA; 2Division of Emergency Medicine, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, OH, USA; 3Departments of Information Services, Internal Medicine, Pediatrics, and Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The Center for Clinical Informatics Research and Education, The MetroHealth System and School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland OH, USAAbstract: Hypertension (HTN in the pediatric population is estimated to have a world-wide prevalence of 2%-5%. As with adults, pediatric patients with HTN can present with hypertensive crises include hypertensive urgency and hypertensive emergencies. However, pediatric blood pressure problems have a greater chance of being from secondary causes of HTN, as opposed to primary HTN, than in adults. Thorough evaluation of a child with a hypertensive emergency includes accurate blood pressure readings, complete and focused symptom history, and appropriate past medical, surgical, and family history. Physical exam should include height, weight, four-limb blood pressures, a general overall examination and especially detailed cardiovascular and neurological examinations, including fundoscopic examination. Initial work-up should typically include electrocardiography, chest X-ray, serum chemistries, complete blood count, and urinalysis. Initial management of hypertensive emergencies generally includes the use of intravenous or oral antihypertensive medications, as well as appropriate, typically outpatient, follow-up. Emergency department goals for hypertensive crises are to (1 safely lower blood pressure, and (2 treat/minimize acute end organ damage, while (3 identifying underlying etiology. Intravenous antihypertensive medications are the treatment modality of choice for hypertensive emergencies with the goal of reducing systolic blood pressure by 25% of the original value over an 8

  20. DIVERSIFICAÇÃO INTERNACIONAL DE MACROCARTEIRAS EM CONTEXTO DE CRISES FINANCEIRAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Thiago Costa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho tem por objetivo mensurar o grau de correlação entre as bolsas de valores de alguns países considerados emergentes, segundo o Fundo Monetário Internacional (2009, adotando para tal dois períodos distintos, um anterior e outro durante a crise financeira do subprime em 2008, a partir de informações diárias de fechamento dos índices representativos daquelas bolsas. O período está compreendido entre 28 de junho de 2007 a 03 de abril de 2009, totalizando 438 observações para cada bolsa. As técnicas estatísticas abrangem o teste de correlação de Pearson e o teste de correlação móvel, este empregando um período de aproximadamente seis meses. Os principais resultados revelam que, em momentos de instabilidade financeira, tais como o da crise do subprime, em 2008, as correlações entre as bolsas de valores mudam significativamente, convergindo para um valor próximo a um (1, indicando que os mercados caminham de maneira paralela, com poucas opções para a estratégia de diversificação internacional de portfólios de investimento. Palavras-clave: Diversificação internacional. Portfólios de investimento. Correlação. Correlação móvel.

  1. Energy security in the post-Cold War era: Identifying future courses for crises

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freund, M.T.; Wise, J.A.; Ulibarri, C.A.; Shaw, B.R.; Seely, H.E.; Roop, J.M.

    1994-11-01

    This paper addresses US energy security in the post-Cold War era for a conference on energy security jointly sponsored by the Department of Energy and the National Defense University. It examines the evolving nature of energy security based on analysis of past crisis-inducing events and-discusses potentially important geopolitical, environmental, regulatory, and economic developments during the next twenty-five years. The paper steps beyond the traditional economic focus of energy security issues to examine the interplay between fundamental economic and technical drivers on the one hand, and political, environmental, and perceptual phenomena, on the other hand, that can combine to create crises where none were expected. The paper expands on the premise that the recent demise of the Soviet Union and other changing world conditions have created a new set of energy dynamics, and that it is imperative that the United States revise its energy security perspective accordingly. It proceeds by reviewing key factors that comprise the concepts of ``energy security`` and ``energy crisis`` and how they may fit into the new world energy security equation. The study also presents a series of crisis scenarios that could develop during the next twenty-five years, paying particular attention to mechanisms and linked crisis causes and responses. It concludes with a discussion of factors that may serve to warn analysts and decision makers of impending future crises conditions. The crisis scenarios contained in this report should be viewed only as a representative sample of the types of situations that could occur. They serve to illustrate the variety of factors that can coalesce to produce a ``crisis.``

  2. Nouvelles analyses des crises alimentaires en Afrique de l'Ouest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janin, P.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available New analyses of food crises in West Africa. The issue of crisis is a central element of debate and a strategic challenge for all stakeholders in West Africa. Food and nutrition crises are recurrent in the region, with a level of intensity and high variability constituting renewed challenges. The definition, delimitation and management of these crises are provided by an established and structured professional field, which favors intervention. Different conceptual and contextual approaches can be mobilized to account for the diversity and complexity of food and nutrition crises. Some more descriptive approaches list the causes and manifestations of these crises, while others insist on the fact that they are created, and identify their dynamic as being linked to interactions between various phenomena. To date, most of the various institutional actors involved in addressing food and nutrition crises, both at national and international levels, have favored the gradual improvement of expert systems providing technical short-term responses. In parallel, this has led to a harmonization of these frameworks of thought, which has been detrimental to the consideration of the diversity of questions and the integration of non-institutional actors. These are the boundaries and limitations that this article aims to question, in order to reinvoke the political dimension of the management of food crises (and their eventual resolution.

  3. Identity and intimacy crises and their relationship to internet dependence among college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Ya-Rong

    2006-10-01

    In an attempt to test Kandell's proposition that internet dependents used the internet as a coping mechanism against underlying psychological issues, this study investigated the extent to which the fifth and sixth Eriksonian crises (identity, intimacy), were related to internet dependence (online chatting, gaming) among college students. Students spending more than 10 hours per week on chatting/gaming were classified as dependents. On the basis of a national sample of freshmen in Taiwan, this study found that the dependents scored significantly lower on most of the measures that reflected the successful resolution of the crises, and higher on the measures that reflected unsuccessful resolution of the crises. Kandell's proposition was supported.

  4. Fundo público e políticas sociais na crise do capitalismo

    OpenAIRE

    Salvador,Evilasio

    2010-01-01

    A característica comum a todas as crises financeiras dos últimos trinta anos é o comparecimento do fundo público para socorrer instituições financeiras falidas durante as crises bancárias, à custa dos impostos pagos pelos cidadãos. Com a financeirização da riqueza, os mercados financeiros passam a disputar cada vez mais recursos do fundo público, impedindo a expansão dos direitos sociais. Este artigo tem por objetivo discutir a crise do capital a partir do papel exercido pelo fundo público e ...

  5. When Time Freezes: Socio-Anthropological Research on Social Crises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Eduardo Visacovsky

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Social and cultural anthropologists have made a unique, relevant and anti-normative contribution to the study of crises. By means of ethnographic fieldwork in specific settings, anthropologists have provided significant information on how social groups try to cope with critical situations in everyday life resorting to different strategies, forms of cooperation or political action. Simultaneously, anthropology has brought to light the role played by cognitive schemata and symbolic resources in making sense of crisis situations, turning them intelligible and developing possible resolutions. Anthropology has carried out important studies on how people experience time, give meaning to and produce plausible images of the future in crisis situations, when time freezes. The main theoretical contributions to the study of crises will be discussed, together with a number of empirical studies among which special attention will be paid to those carried out in Latin America, including my own research on the experiences and responses of the middle class during the 2001 Argentine crisis.   Resumen Los antropólogos sociales y culturales han hecho una contribución única, relevante y anti-normativa a los estudios de crisis. Mediante el trabajo de campo etnográfico en escenarios específicos, los antropólogos han proporcionado información importante sobre cómo los grupos sociales tratan de hacer frente a situaciones críticas en la vida cotidiana por medio de diferentes estrategias, formas de cooperación o acción política. Al mismo tiempo, la antropología ha puesto de manifiesto el papel que desempeñan los esquemas cognitivos y los recursos simbólicos para dar sentido a las situaciones de crisis, tornándolas inteligibles y desarrollando posibles soluciones. La antropología ha llevado a cabo importantes estudios sobre cómo las personas experimentan el tiempo, dan sentido y producen imágenes del futuro plausibles en situaciones de crisis, cuando el

  6. Crise tireotóxica - um relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Fidelis Solla

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available A crise tireotóxica (CT é a complicação mais grave dohipertireoidismo, caracterizada por um conjunto de sinais e sintomassecundários à hipersecreção aguda de hormônios tireoidianos. Contudo, adescompensação da tireoide até o estado de CT ainda não está bemestabelecida. Os fatores desencadeantes incluem: infecções, cirurgias,traumas, extrações dentárias, alterações glicêmicas, suspensão da medicaçãoanti-tireoidiana, parto e palpação vigorosa da tireóide . A CT é uma emergênciamédica que exige cuidados em unidade de tratamento intensivo (UTI. Odiagnóstico precoce é imprescindível para o êxito terapêutico e influidiretamente no prognóstico e sobrevida do paciente. Objetivos: Relatar o casoda paciente do Conjunto Hospitalar de Sorocaba (CHS que ficou sobrecuidados na UTI devido à CT que evolui para fibrilação atrial (FA etromboembolismo pulmonar (TEP, contribuindo para o meio acadêmico ecientífico. Metodologia: As informações contidas nesse trabalho foram obtidaspor meio de análise de prontuário e revisão de literatura. Relato de caso:Paciente de 25 anos, sexo feminino, deu entrada ao pronto atendimento doCHS com quadro de dispneia, palpitações intensas, ansiosa e com tremores deextremidades. A ectoscopia revelou paciente corada, hidratada, anictérica,acianótica, febril e anasarca evidente. O exame específico da tireóidedemonstrou glândula aumentada de tamanho, bócio difuso, sem nodulações àpalpação. Observou-se veias jugulares ingurgitadas e hepatomegalia. Àausculta verificou-se bulhas arrítimicas com hiperfonese de P2 e FC:214bpm.O ECG padrão de FA e sobrecarga de VE. Conclusão: O hipertiroidismo semtratamento clínico pode evoluir ,culminando com sinais e sintomas compatíveiscom crise tireotóxica. sendo necessários diagnóstico e tratamento precoces.

  7. A crise financeira e o global shadow banking system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Antonio Macedo Cintra

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available A crise financeira iniciada com a elevação da inadimplência e a desvalorização dos imóveis e dos ativos financeiros associados às hipotecas americanas de alto risco (subprime recolocou em debate a arquitetura do sistema financeiro americano e internacional, seus potenciais riscos sistêmicos e seus mecanismos de supervisão e regulação. Uma grande variedade de instituições financeiras frouxamente reguladas e displicentemente supervisionadas passou a constituir a contraparte da transferência de riscos de crédito do sistema bancário e a carregar riscos crescentes. O artigo procura discutir a interação dessas instituições financeiras, incluindo algumas características do principal palco dessa interação - os mercados de balcão - e a utilização de determinadas inovações financeiras que amplificaram a crise. Dada a complexidade e opacidade dessas instituições e mercados, busca ainda explicitar a necessidade de aperfeiçoamentos na sua regulação e supervisão.The financial crisis triggered by increasing default rate, real estate devaluation and financial asset depreciation combined with U.S. subprime mortgages brought about the debate over the framework of the U.S. and international financial systems, their potential systemic risks, and their regulatory and supervisory mechanisms. A great variety of financial institutions which were poorly regulated and badly supervised changed into the counterpart of the credit risk transfer from the banking system and started to hold increasing risks. This paper deals with the interaction of these financial institutions, including a description of some features of the major stage in this process - the so-called over-the-counter (OTC market - and the use of financial innovations which amplified the crisis. It also aims to clarify the need for improvements in terms of regulation and supervision considering the complexity and opacity of these institutions and markets.

  8. Perspectives on Information and Communications Technology (ICT) for Civil-Military Coordination in Crises

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Christman, Gerard; Kramer, Franklin; Starr, Stuart; Wentz, Larry

    2006-01-01

    ...), stabilization and reconstruction (S&R), and complex emergencies. Although these types of crises can differ in their causes and specific impacts, there are significant similarities in the information and communications technology (ICT...

  9. Banking, debt, and currency crises in developed countries: stylized facts and early warning indicators

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Babecký, J.; Havránek, T.; Matějů, Jakub; Rusnák, M.; Šmídková, K.; Vašíček, B.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 15, December (2014), s. 1-17 ISSN 1572-3089 Institutional support: PRVOUK-P23 Keywords : crises * developed countries * early warning indicators Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 1.506, year: 2014

  10. Banking, debt, and currency crises in developed countries: stylized facts and early warning indicators

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Babecký, J.; Havránek, T.; Matějů, Jakub; Rusnák, M.; Šmídková, K.; Vašíček, B.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 15, December (2014), s. 1-17 ISSN 1572-3089 Institutional support: RVO:67985998 Keywords : crises * developed countries * early warning indicators Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 1.506, year: 2014

  11. The impact of financial crises on the risk-return tradeoff and the leverage effect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Bent Jesper; Nielsen, Morten Ørregaard; Zhu, Jie

    50% in magnitude during …financial crises. No such changes are observed during NBER recessions, so in this sense …financial crises are special. Applications to a number of major developed and emerging international stock markets confirm the increase in the leverage effect, whereas the international......We investigate the impact of financial crises on two fundamental features of stock returns, namely, the risk-return tradeoff and the leverage effect. We apply the fractionally integrated exponential GARCH-in-mean (FIEGARCH-M) model for daily stock return data, which includes both features...... and allows the co-existence of long memory in volatility and short memory in returns. We extend this model to allow the financial parameters governing the volatility-in-mean effect and the leverage effect to change during financial crises. An application to the daily U.S. stock index return series from 1926...

  12. The impact of financial crises on the risk-return tradeoff and the leverage effect

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Bent Jesper; Nielsen, Morten Ørregaard; Zhu, Jie

    2015-01-01

    % in magnitude during financial crises. No such changes are observed during NBER recessions, so in this sense financial crises are special. Applications to a number of major developed and emerging international stock markets confirm the increase in the leverage effect, whereas the international evidence......We investigate the impact of financial crises on two fundamental features of stock returns, namely, the risk-return tradeoff and the leverage effect. We apply the fractionally integrated exponential GARCH-in-mean (FIEGARCH-M) model for daily stock return data, which includes both features...... and allows the co-existence of long memory in volatility and short memory in returns. We extend this model to allow the financial parameters governing the volatility-in-mean effect and the leverage effect to change during financial crises. An application to the daily U.S. stock index return series from 1926...

  13. Souffrance existentielle : de la crise à l’hyperquestionnement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DANIELLE BLONDEAU

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Une étude portant sur l’expérience de la souffrance existentielle a été conduite auprès de personnes atteintes d’une maladie grave. L’un des objectifs visait à explorer ce phénomène à partir d’une approche qualitative qui privilégie l’expérience de personnes atteintes de maladies graves. À l’aide d’entrevues non structurées, 14 personnes ont été rencontrées. L’analyse des résultats a conduit à deux grandes thématiques. La première thématique renvoie à une situation de crise et de bouleversements. Elle se décline en divers effets que provoquent les maladies graves dans l’existence. La seconde thématique est intrinsèque à la première et regroupe des énoncés qui font voir un questionnement excessif qui porte sur plusieurs dimensions de l’existence. Finalement, la souffrance est plutôt comprise comme un passage qu’il faut traverser, comme une quête de connaissances et comme une réalité à habiter et à rendre familière. Elle n’est pas forcément négative.

  14. Preventing food crises using a food policy approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmer, C Peter

    2010-01-01

    A food crisis occurs when rates of hunger and malnutrition rise sharply at local, national, or global levels. This definition distinguishes a food crisis from chronic hunger, although food crises are far more likely among populations already suffering from prolonged hunger and malnutrition. A food crisis is usually set off by a shock to either supply or demand for food and often involves a sudden spike in food prices. It is important to remember that in a market economy, food prices measure the scarcity of food, not its value in any nutritional sense. Except in rare circumstances, the straightforward way to prevent a food crisis is to have rapidly rising labor productivity through economic growth and keep food prices stable while maintaining access by the poor. The formula is easier to state than to implement, especially on a global scale, but it is good to have both the objective, reducing short-run spikes in hunger, and the deep mechanisms, pro-poor economic growth and stable food prices, clearly in mind. A coherent food policy seeks to use these mechanisms, and others, to achieve a sustained reduction in chronic hunger over the long run while preventing spikes in hunger in the short run.

  15. [Economic management of health crises affecting production animals in Europe].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandeputte, S; Humblet, M F; Fecher-Bourgeois, F; Gosset, C; Albert, A; Vernaillen, F; Saegerman, C

    2011-12-01

    The importance of animal health crises has considerably increased over the last few years. When a crisis occurs, farmers can receive financial support through various public, private and mixed compensation schemes. Economic losses resulting from diseases may be direct and indirect. If a disease is covered by European Union regulations then countries have a legal obligation to partly compensate farmers for direct losses, either directly through the national budget, or through a specific fund. The European Veterinary Fund also co-finances these losses. Only a few countries provide compensation for indirect losses. The private insurance sector also provides protection against some direct and indirect losses but the risks covered are variable. To encourage farmers to subscribe to this kind of insurance, some public authorities provide subsidies to help pay the premium. Insurance companies do not generally cover the risks linked to contagious diseases, but some companies do extend cover to include this type of risk. Several alternatives, such as mutual funds, are available to improve risk coverage. There is a lack of harmonisation among the various compensation schemes of different countries. Public authorities cannot provide full compensation, but mutual funds and private insurance companies are alternatives that should be further investigated and their use should be extended to other countries. A classification of diseases would harmonise the situation at the European level.

  16. ["Snow" and "Walpurgisnacht". Hans Castorp's exemplary maturation crises in "Zauberberg"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinrich, K; Walter, C

    1995-01-01

    On the occasion of a rather incidental visit in the sanatorium "Berghof" at Davos, Hans Castorp, the--as to his primary personality--asthenic and low-profile protagonist of the "Zauberberg" is gradually getting caught up in the maelstrom of the there prevailing timelessness and irresponsibility, this being interrupted solely by two tapering to crisis episodes: his amouressness to Mme. Chauchat as an erotic crisis and by the visionary daydream during a snowstorm about the abilities of men as a cognitive, mental crisis. Both events are triggered by a pathoid irritability, following the maxim of Th. Mann that illness, decay and death as borderline experiences may be the presupposition for cognition and reversal. Both crises end without consequences--the "Zauberberg" is the negation of the novel of education and development in the narrower sense. The unsuccessfulness and undecidedness of Hans Castorp's existence culminate in the open end of the novel, regarding his surviving on the battle field, and is in strict contrast to Adrian Leverkühn's determined autoinfection with Lues with the aim of artistic perfection and the creative break-through of "Doctor Faustus". Hans Castorp's regression and self-fragmentation within the decadent-morbid atmosphere of the sanatorium lead to his storming into the battles of the First World War as a last and existential crisis; it is here where finally the individual and national fate are merging. Hans Castorp becomes the paradigma of the German pre-war bourgeoisie and its crisis-prone development.

  17. DISCURSO DA CRISE AMBIENTAL NA MÍDIA IMPRESSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bárbara Hees Garré

    Full Text Available Resumo: O artigo problematiza o discurso de crise ambiental na atualidade. A partir de algumas ferramentas da análise do discurso foucaultiana, discute-se um dos enunciados que compõe o discurso aqui investigado: o “Terror e medo pela perda do Planeta”. O estudo toma como corpus discursivo a revista Veja, especialmente reportagens produzidas a partir de 2001, em que enunciações ocupadas por terror e medo se tornam evidentes na mídia em análise. Discussões acerca do medo em Zigmunt Bauman, biopoder/biopolítica em Michel Foucault e cultura a partir de estudiosos do campo da Educação Ambiental são tomados como aportes teóricos desse estudo. Nas reportagens em evidência, há um forte chamamento para riscos e perigos quanto à continuidade de vida na Terra atrelado ao convite para que participemos da grande campanha mundial. Pensarmos possibilidades de enfrentar medos líquidos modernos, produzindo outros modos de nos relacionarmos com o ambiente, é um dos desafios dessa pesquisa.

  18. La crise sociale aux Antilles françaises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justin Daniel

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available La crise sociale qui a récemment secoué les Antilles françaises consacre le retour de la « question sociale » sur les scènes politiques insulaires. Elle s’est également traduite par un dessaisissement du personnel politique dont la parole est devenue inaudible, et une montée en puissance de la société civile. Loin d’avoir réglé les problèmes structurels, elle témoigne cependant d’une évolution significative des rapports entre l’outre-mer et l’Hexagone.The social crisis which recently shook the French West Indies legitimises the return of the “social question” on the insular political scenes. It also resulted in a withdrawal of the political personnel whose discourse became inaudible and in the emergence of civil society. Far from having resolved the structural problems, it reveals a significant change of the relationship between the overseas territories  and the Hexagon.

  19. Financial Policies and the Prevention of Financial Crises in Emerging Market Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Frederic S. Mishkin

    2001-01-01

    This paper outlines a set of financial policies that can help make financial crises less likely in emerging market countries. To justify these policies, the paper first explains what a financial crisis is, the factors that promote a financial crisis and the dynamics of a financial crisis. It then examines twelve basic areas of financial policies to prevent financial crises: 1) prudential supervision, 2) accounting and disclosure requirements, 3) legal and judicial systems, 4) market-based dis...

  20. The dynamics of business investment following banking crises and normal recessions

    OpenAIRE

    Jannsen, Nils

    2015-01-01

    I empirically analyze the dynamics of business investment following normal recessions (declines in business investment that are not associated with banking crises) and banking crises. Using a panel of 16 advanced economies, I find evidence for significant non-linear trend reversion or bounce-back effects on the level of business investment following normal recessions, i.e., the deeper the previous recession was, the higher the growth rate of business investment will be. The trend reversion ef...

  1. Economy Over Security: Why Crises Fail to Impact Economic Behavior in East Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-12-01

    SECURITY: WHY CRISES FAIL TO IMPACT ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR IN EAST ASIA by Aaron R. Sipos December 2017 Thesis Advisor: Michael Glosny Second...REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master’s thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE ECONOMY OVER SECURITY: WHY CRISES FAIL TO IMPACT ECONOMIC BEHAVIOR IN EAST...release. Distribution is unlimited. 12b. DISTRIBUTION CODE 13. ABSTRACT (maximum 200 words) This study examines changes in economic behavior in

  2. Greek-Turkish Crises since 1955. Implications for Greek-Turkish Conflict Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-03-01

    NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA THESIS GREEK-TURKISH CRISES SINCE 1955. IMPLICATIONS FOR GREEK-TURKISH CONFLICT MANAGEMENT by...EU, WEU) have only to gain from a Greek-Turkish rapprochement. 14. SUBJECT TERMS GrEek-Turkish RElATiONS, CRiSiS MANAgEMENT, CONfLICT management 15...crises, because the intended outcome of mediation attempts has been regional stability instead of Greek-Turkish conflict management . Power mediation

  3. The Framing of Humanitarian Crises in the Spanish Media: An Inductive Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto Ardèvol-Abreu

    2016-01-01

    The media are important actors in humanitarian crisis management and resolution, both in the countries facing the crises and in the rest of the world. Based on an inductive approach to a news sample from four Spanish newspapers, this study analyses the news frames used in the coverage of countries facing humanitarian crises. Results show that, with certain differences between countries, the Spanish press frames these countries as being theatres of war and violence, Islamic terrorism, and crim...

  4. An organisational coherence model to maintain employee contributions during organisational crises

    OpenAIRE

    Hendrik J. Pelser; Anita Bosch; Willem Schurink

    2016-01-01

    Orientation: Crises that threaten an organisation’s continued existence cannot be seen in isolation when considering the perception of threats to individual job security. These threats often go hand in hand with employee panic. Research purpose: The aim of this study was to establish a model to assist organisations in managing employee emotionality and panic during times of crisis. Motivation for the study: Environmental crises threaten organisations’ existence, threatening employees’...

  5. THE IMPLICATIONS OF LIQUIDITY CRISES IN THE CONTEXT OF EMERGING CAPITAL MARKET

    OpenAIRE

    Felicia Ramona Birău

    2012-01-01

    This article aims to highlight the implications of liquidity crises in the context of emerging capital market. Capital markets, and especially emerging capital market appear to behave notably differently during periods of liquidity crises in comparison with periods of stability. The concept of emerging capital market itself is in obvious antithesis to the idea of financial equilibrium. This particular category of capital markets is characterized in a certain measure by profound institutional,...

  6. Reducing the Potential for Future Financial Crises: A Framework for Macro-Prudential Policy in Canada

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Jenkins; Gordon Thiessen

    2012-01-01

    Canada needs a policy framework and new governance structure beyond what is in place to reduce the potential for future financial crises. The authors make the case for establishing a formal committee with a mandate to identify potential systemic risks and to act promptly before they materialize. While Canada's system of regulating and supervising financial institutions might hold up as a model of good performance, changes can and should be made, say Jenkins and Thiessen. Future crises undoubt...

  7. Private Inflows when Crises are Anticipated: A Case Study of Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Michael P. Dooley; Inseok Shin

    2000-01-01

    Models of financial crises based on distortions in capital markets have strong implications for the behavior of investors leading up to crises. In this paper we evaluate the hypothesis that deregulation of financial markets in Korea provided the incentives and opportunities for a sequence of capital inflows and crisis. We show that deregulation was associated with a sharp declines in the franchise value of Korean banks. Banks responded by expanding their balance sheets and accumulating high r...

  8. [Public health crises in a developed society. Successes and limitations in Spain. SESPAS report 2010].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gérvas, Juan; Meneu, Ricard

    2010-12-01

    The perception, acceptability and management of risks are social construction. Consequently, in managing public health crises, the gap between facts, beliefs and feelings tests the responsiveness of official institutions to health alarms that can be objective, potential, or imaginary. On balance, a strong point of the Spanish experience of health crises is the presence of clinicians and public health officers working in an organization capable of responding adequately, although the quasi-federal Spanish political structure has both advantages and disadvantages. Weaknesses include the low profile given to public health and a management structure that relies too heavily on partitocracy. The management of these crises could be improved by transferring greater scope to health professionals in decisions about crisis identification and management (with transparency) and limiting bureaucratic inertia. For some, health crises involve visibility or business opportunities (not always legitimate). Therefore, the perception of crisis will increasingly rest less in the hands of experts and more in those of groups interested in spreading these crises or in providing solutions. While progress is needed to develop participation in strategies to respond to emerging crises, even more essential is the involvement of all healthcare levels in their preparation and dissemination. Copyright © 2010 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  9. Impact of the topology of global macroeconomic network on the spreading of economic crises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kyu-Min; Yang, Jae-Suk; Kim, Gunn; Lee, Jaesung; Goh, Kwang-Il; Kim, In-mook

    2011-03-31

    Throughout economic history, the global economy has experienced recurring crises. The persistent recurrence of such economic crises calls for an understanding of their generic features rather than treating them as singular events. The global economic system is a highly complex system and can best be viewed in terms of a network of interacting macroeconomic agents. In this regard, from the perspective of collective network dynamics, here we explore how the topology of the global macroeconomic network affects the patterns of spreading of economic crises. Using a simple toy model of crisis spreading, we demonstrate that an individual country's role in crisis spreading is not only dependent on its gross macroeconomic capacities, but also on its local and global connectivity profile in the context of the world economic network. We find that on one hand clustering of weak links at the regional scale can significantly aggravate the spread of crises, but on the other hand the current network structure at the global scale harbors higher tolerance of extreme crises compared to more "globalized" random networks. These results suggest that there can be a potential hidden cost in the ongoing globalization movement towards establishing less-constrained, trans-regional economic links between countries, by increasing vulnerability of the global economic system to extreme crises.

  10. Controle ambiental e crises de asma em domicílios- estudo descritivo em residências de 5 unidades do Programa de Saúde da Família no Território 1 - Camaragibe PE

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Ribeiro Costa, Roseane

    2012-01-01

    Realizou-se um estudo transversal, descritivo, exploratório, para avaliar o grau de controle ambiental e crises de asma encontrados em domicílios de crianças e adolescentes, assim como, o conhecimento de mães e agentes comunitários de saúde sobre asma, no município de Camaragibe, localizado na região metropolitana do Recife. Objetivos específicos: 1) Identificar os acessórios presentes no quarto/sala do domicílio que pode3m desencadear crises de asma. 2) Verificar a freqüênc...

  11. GLUTAMINE AND HYPERAMMONEMIC CRISES IN PATIENTS WITH UREA CYCLE DISORDERS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, B.; Diaz, G.A.; Rhead, W.; Lichter-Konecki, U.; Feigenbaum, A.; Berry, S.A.; Le Mons, C.; Bartley, J.; Longo, N.; Nagamani, S.C.; Berquist, W.; Gallagher, R.C.; Harding, C.O.; McCandless, S.E.; Smith, W.; Schulze, A.; Marino, M.; Rowell, R.; Coakley, D.F.; Mokhtarani, M.; Scharschmidt, B.F.

    2016-01-01

    Blood ammonia and glutamine levels are used as biomarkers of control in patients with urea cycle disorders (UCDs). This study was undertaken to evaluate glutamine variability and utility as a predictor of hyperammonemic crises (HACs) in UCD patients. Methods The relationships between glutamine and ammonia levels and the incidence and timing of HACs were evaluated in over 100 adult and pediatric UCD patients who participated in clinical trials of glycerol phenylbutyrate. Results The median (range) intra-subject 24-hour coefficient of variation for glutamine was 15% (8–29%) as compared with 56% (28%–154%) for ammonia, and the correlation coefficient between glutamine and concurrent ammonia levels varied from 0.17 to 0.29. Patients with baseline (fasting) glutamine values >900 µmol/L had higher baseline ammonia levels (mean [SD]: 39.6 [26.2] µmol/L) than patients with baseline glutamine ≤900 µmol/L (26.6 [18.0] µmol/L). Glutamine values >900 µmol/L during the study were associated with an approximately 2-fold higher HAC risk (odds ratio [OR]=1.98; p=0.173). However, glutamine lost predictive significance (OR=1.47; p=0.439) when concomitant ammonia was taken into account, whereas the predictive value of baseline ammonia ≥ 1.0 upper limit of normal (ULN) was highly statistically significant (OR=4.96; p=0.013). There was no significant effect of glutamine >900 µmol/L on time to first HAC crisis (hazard ratio [HR]=1.14; p=0.813), but there was a significant effect of baseline ammonia ≥ 1.0 ULN (HR=4.62; p=0.0011). Conclusions The findings in this UCD population suggest that glutamine is a weaker predictor of HACs than ammonia and that the utility of the predictive value of glutamine will need to take into account concurrent ammonia levels. PMID:26586473

  12. Emergency Preparedness for Disasters and Crises in the Hotel Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Rasmi AlBattat

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Safety and security are the most important issues to tourist while traveling and the first aspect they consider is to be protected from hazards. Emergency planning and preparedness for a crisis are the most significant components of dealing with disasters. Hospitality practitioners noticed a rising number of natural and man-made crises that harm the hospitality industry, regarding its vulnerability to crisis and internal and external hazards. By using secondary data, this study aims to shed some light on this issue, contributing to knowledge and awareness on emergency preparedness for the hospitality industry. Moreover, the study aims to explain the management’s commitment to adopt, develop, and update emergency plans. The results of this study explain that tourism as an international mobile industry must respond to internal and external hazards such as disease movement and terrorist attacks. Marketing safety is important to promote hotels and tourist destinations to the guests and holiday advisors. Hotels have a long history of being a soft target for terrorist attacks, as can be seen in several accidents that have shaken the hotel industry in the past few decades. Hotels invest a lot to install protective techniques, but terrorists are becoming more organized. Practitioners propose disaster management frameworks using several measurements. Recovery from crisis and learning help business retention that minimizes negative impacts and prevent losses. Finally, evaluation and feedback are very important to overcome the hazards and return to normal, as well as adopting new ideas to deal with emergencies. Single- and double-loop organizational learning should benefit proactive preparedness.

  13. BOATOS, CRISES E OPORTUNIDADES POLÍTICAS NA ANTIGUIDADE TARDIA

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    Julio Cesar MAGALHÃES DE OLIVEIRA

    Full Text Available RESUMO Comparado à organização política do Principado, o regime imperial da Antiguidade Tardia obteve um controle muito maior sobre a circulação da informação política em decorrência da centralização do poder e do número ainda maior de funcionários qualificados dedicados a coligir, cotejar e recuperar informações em todo o Império. Ainda assim, a vastidão do Império Romano e a lentidão das comunicações continuavam a representar as principais ameaças ao poder absolutista, especialmente nos momentos de crises políticas, quando a própria ausência de informações oficiais alimentava os canais subterrâneos e incontrolados de notícias. Do ponto de vista da plebe urbana e dos atores políticos locais, o recurso a essas notícias clandestinas que nós chamamos de "boatos" podia representar uma tentativa de avaliar a abertura de oportunidades para a ação em um ambiente político marcado por uma profunda incerteza. O objetivo deste artigo é explorar como a plebe urbana, as facções religiosas ou seus líderes percebiam (e encorajavam a difusão de notícias sobre as mudanças no poder imperial como uma "janela de oportunidades" e como uma forma de organizar uma ação coletiva.

  14. A CRISE ESTRUTURAL DOS JORNAIS Uma exploração comparativa sobre a situação nos EUA e no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alves Müller

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Os jornais dos principais países desenvolvidos vivem uma crise frequentemente atribuída ao desenvolvimento das mídias digitais. Essa situação parece não se reproduzir nas maiores economias emergentes. O presente trabalho sustenta que, embora o surgimento e avanço dessas mídias tenham efetivamente afetado negativamente o desempenho das empresas jornalísticas, a crise em questão é estrutural e suas origens antecedem o surgimento das mídias digitais. A hipótese de que a situação dos países emergentes seja estruturalmente diversa é testada e, acredita-se, refutada por meio de uma analise comparativa da evolução recente do negócio jornal nos EUA e no Brasil.

  15. Institutional and relational determinants in high- and medium-extent food product crises: the inner perspective of a public health crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charlebois, Sylvain; Horan, Hilary

    2010-08-01

    In 2008, Canada enacted its biggest-ever food recall in response to a Listeria crisis, stemming from a Maple Leaf Foods plant, that killed 22 Canadians. Afterwards, Maple Leaf's market share quickly returned to pre-crisis levels, but the long-term repercussions of the scare still reverberate in Maple Leaf's brand. In this case study, which offers an organizational perspective on the food recall, data was collected, through in-depth interviews of persons involved in the crisis response, and analyzed. The aim of this paper is to make transparent the ways in which Maple Leaf Foods organized their resources to manage the 2008 food recall. Results reveal that institutional and relational determinants are the most important factors in high- and medium-extent food product crises, whereas external and internal effects primarily influence an organization's capacity to cope with severe crises. Based on these findings, a conceptual framework is presented and managerial implications are discussed.

  16. As políticas neoliberais e a crise na América do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Alberto Moniz Bandeira

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa o efeito social, econômico e político da implementação de políticas neoliberais em países da América do Sul (Argentina, Brasil, Uruguai, Paraguai, Chile, Bolívia, Equador, Venezuela e Colômbia. É destacado o papel da execução do programa neoliberal do Consenso de Washington por governos democraticamente eleitos nos anos 90, para o agravamento da crise externa e interna iniciada nas décadas de 60 e 70 e aprofundada nos anos 80.The present article analyses the social, economic and political effects of the neo-liberal politics implementation in some South American countries (Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Chile, Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Colombia. The execution of the Washington Consensus' program by democratically elected governments in the 1990's is pointed as aggravating the internal and external crisis that was initiated in the 1960's and 1970's, and deepened in the 1980's.

  17. The reactions to macro-economic crises in Nordic health system policies: Denmark, Finland and Sweden, 1980-2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehto, Juhani; Vrangbæk, Karsten; Winblad, Ulrika

    2015-01-01

    Denmark, Finland and Sweden have experienced two major recessions during the last 25 years. The adjustments to the earlier crisis in the late 1980s (Denmark) and early 1990s (Finland and Sweden) resembled the policies in many other European countries during the present crisis. The analysis of relationship of deep economic crises and growth period between them to the health system policies and institutions in the three countries from the 1980s to 2013 is based on a categorisation of reactions to external shocks as path conforming or path breaking. The results of the empirical long-term trends show that the reactions to deep recessions have been mainly temporary adjustments and acceleration of changes already prepared before economic crisis. The economic crisis in the three countries has not been 'good enough' to enable paradigmatic changes in the Nordic public, decentralised and equity-oriented health systems. Changes such as the slow privatisation in care funding and production and the adoption of new management practices indicate an ongoing paradigmatic change related to longer-term societal, ideological and political developments rather than directly to economic crises or growth.

  18. COMUNICAÇÃO DE CRISE NA PUBLICIDADE: Marcas, Prosumers e Mediações

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucimara Rett

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available A comunicação de crise já está incorporada à comunicação corporativa, entretanto, mais efetivamente aplicada na assessoria de imprensa das empresas. A Professora Doutora Karine Berthelot-Guie, da Université de Paris-Sorbonne, na França, traz o conceito para a publicidade, o que desperta o interesse de investigação desse novo desafio para as marcas no cenário de convergência e cultura participativa. A título de estudo exploratório, este trabalho apresenta alguns exemplos em que a manifestação das marcas são interpeladas, nesse contexto, por diferentes tipos de mediação ressignificados pelo receptor, quais sejam: mediações espaciais, humanas e virtuais.   PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Publicidade; Marcas; Mediações; Prosumers; Comunicação de Crise.   ABSTRACT The crisis communications is already integrated to the corporate communications, although it is more effectively applied in media relations offices. PhD Professor Karine Berthelot-Guide, from Paris-Sorbonne University, in France, brings the concept to advertising, which increases the interest in this new research challenge for brands in the context of convergence and participatory culture. As an exploratory study, this paper presents some examples where the brand manifestations are challenged by different kinds of mediation reinterpreted by the receiver, namely: space, human and virtual mediations.   KEYWORDS: Advertising; Brands; Mediations; Prosumers; Crisis Communication.     RESUMEN La comunicación de crisis ya se ha incorporada a la comunicación corporativa, entretanto, se aplica efectivamente en la asesoría de prensa de las empresas. La profesora Doctora Karine Berthelot-Guie, de la Universidad de la Sorbona-Paris, en Francia, introdujo el concepto para el campo de la publicidad, lo que despierta el interés para la investigación de ese nuevo desafío para las marcas en un escenario de convergencia y cultura participativa. A modo de estudio exploratorio, este

  19. Crises nos Anos 80: O Ceticismo Juvenil Traduzido nas Canções do Rock Brasileiro.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliana Batista Ramos

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A década de 80, apelidada de “década perdida” no sentido econômico, foi vista por alguns do mesmo modo com relação à participação juvenil (política e socialmente. A principal justificativa para isso pode ser a crise mundial do período. No rastro do processo de redemocratização de muitos países da América Latina, sobravam crises econômicas, sociais e dívidas externas fabulosas. O Brasil, inserido neste processo, se viu envolvido numa crise sem precedentes. As juventudes2 urbanas do período passaram a representar a alienação, a despolitização e a falta de identificação com movimentos sociais, como já fora observado antes. Somando-se a isso, o mundo ainda enfrentava o “fantasma” da Guerra Fria e a clara percepção dos efeitos da globalização, culminando numa eminente crise de identidade que acrescentada à crise econômica, faziam do mundo um grande campo de incertezas.

  20. Avaliando o efeito contágio entre economias durante crises financeiras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Finotti Cordeiro Perobelli

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho, a partir das metodologias sugeridas por Forbes e Rigobon (2002 e Corsetti, Pericoli e Sbracia (2005, é verificar indícios de efeito contágio entre quinze economias em oito episódios de crises financeiras. Conclui-se que o modelo de Corsetti, Pericoli e Sbracia (2005, como esperado, apresentou-se mais eficiente em encontrar indícios de efeito contágio, uma vez que abrange variações nas componentes dos retornos não consideradas pelo modelo de Forbes e Rigobon (2002. Os resultados, corroborados por testes de robustez, indicam a crise asiática de 1997 como a mais contagiosa, seguida pelo ataque terrorista de 11 de setembro de 2001, crise brasileira de 1999, bolha da internet de 2000 e crise do Subprime. Os outros episódios não apresentaram indícios de contágio, o que indica choques restritos ao país de origem da crise.

  1. Global effects of local food-production crises: a virtual water perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamea, Stefania; Laio, Francesco; Ridolfi, Luca

    2016-01-25

    By importing food and agricultural goods, countries cope with the heterogeneous global water distribution and often rely on water resources available abroad. The virtual displacement of the water used to produce such goods (known as virtual water) connects together, in a global water system, all countries participating to the international trade network. Local food-production crises, having social, economic or environmental origin, propagate in this network, modifying the virtual water trade and perturbing local and global food availability, quantified in terms of virtual water. We analyze here the possible effects of local crises by developing a new propagation model, parsimonious but grounded on data-based and statistically-verified assumptions, whose effectiveness is proved on the Argentinean crisis in 2008-09. The model serves as the basis to propose indicators of crisis impact and country vulnerability to external food-production crises, which highlight that countries with largest water resources have the highest impact on the international trade, and that not only water-scarce but also wealthy and globalized countries are among the most vulnerable to external crises. The temporal analysis reveals that global average vulnerability has increased over time and that stronger effects of crises are now found in countries with low food (and water) availability.

  2. Crises Management in the Oil and Gas Industry: The Niger Delta Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odemene, Glory C.

    The Niger Delta crises escalated beyond the borders of the Nigerian nation to become an issue that affected individuals and corporations around the world. This study led to the discovery of how the local crises escalated with international implications. This discovery was accomplished by addressing how the Niger Delta crises escalated from villages to international scenes, with notable impacts on the environment, health, safety, security, and financial segments of local, international, private, and corporate entities. Using Sweeny's crisis decision theory and Lazarus and Folkman's coping theory, the study considered the coping strategies of community members, the decisions, and actions they took in response to the management approaches of the government and the oil and gas companies (OGCs). This qualitative study utilized historical narrative to collect data by interviewing 4 participants who lived and worked in the region during the crises. NVivo was used for manual and automatic coding of data, as well as for categorization and connection of codes. Content analysis of identified codes and categories revealed the themes and trends in the experiences narrated by participants. Findings include the root causes, trend of escalation, and management strategies of the government and the OGCs that influenced the crises. These findings will help to influence policies and practices in the region and enhance effective management of current and emerging conflicts, with possibilities of restoring stability and security in the areas and in the nation at large.

  3. What Happens at the Lesson Start?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saloviita, Timo

    2016-01-01

    Transitional periods, such as lesson starts, are necessary steps from one activity to another, but they also compete with time for actual learning. The aim of the present study was to replicate a previous pilot study on lesson starts and explore possible disturbances. In total, 130 lesson starts in Finnish basic education in grades 1-9 were…

  4. Industrial radiation protection: what it is happening

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endo, M.

    1988-01-01

    This paper presents the standard NE-06.04 of CNEN (Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear - Brazil) about open and close industrial radiography installations licensing. This review does not substitute CNEN-6/73 resolution, only specificy in details, how those installations must actuate with reference to the company radiation protection plan. (C.M.) [pt

  5. The Turn Towards Unity: Converting Crises into Opportunities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garry Jacobs

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Human progress is stimulated by external threats and pressures. Values distilled from long experience possess the essential knowledge and power needed for continuous development and evolution. Successive waves of foreign invasions following the collapse of the Roman Empire coalesced the tribes of England into a nation state. Centuries of incessant warfare finally compelled the countries of Western Europe to evolve a regional union within which war has become unthinkable. Most recently, the rising incidence of terrorism has compelled national security institutions to forge a network for global coordination unimaginable during the Cold War. Challenges met are converted into opportunities. Opportunities missed degenerate into problems. All crises are psychological in origin. The remedy always calls for a change of attitude and values. The greatest threats confronting human beings today do not come from external aggressors. They are the result of problems that affect humanity as a whole and can only be addressed collectively by the entire human race. International financial instability, unemployment, terrorism, proliferation of nuclear weapons and climate change are indications that humanity is entering a higher phase in social evolution that compels us to evolve more effective instruments for governance at the global level. No nation or group of nations acting on its own can protect itself from these threats. Effective action to address these issues is unlikely to come from governments whose source of power and very identity are based on national sovereignty and separateness. Mechanisms for global governance will not be effective unless founded upon universally accepted values in fact as well as in principle, a condition violated by the undemocratic character of the UN system. Power relents only in the face of greater power. Power that exceeds that of the five permanent members of the Security Council can only come from representatives of humanity

  6. Entropies of negative incomes, Pareto-distributed loss, and financial crises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Jianbo; Hu, Jing; Mao, Xiang; Zhou, Mi; Gurbaxani, Brian; Lin, Johnny

    2011-01-01

    Health monitoring of world economy is an important issue, especially in a time of profound economic difficulty world-wide. The most important aspect of health monitoring is to accurately predict economic downturns. To gain insights into how economic crises develop, we present two metrics, positive and negative income entropy and distribution analysis, to analyze the collective "spatial" and temporal dynamics of companies in nine sectors of the world economy over a 19 year period from 1990-2008. These metrics provide accurate predictive skill with a very low false-positive rate in predicting downturns. The new metrics also provide evidence of phase transition-like behavior prior to the onset of recessions. Such a transition occurs when negative pretax incomes prior to or during economic recessions transition from a thin-tailed exponential distribution to the higher entropy Pareto distribution, and develop even heavier tails than those of the positive pretax incomes. These features propagate from the crisis initiating sector of the economy to other sectors.

  7. Crises, Rumours and Reposts: Journalists’ Social Media Content Gathering and Verification Practices in Breaking News Situations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klas Backholm

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Social media (SoMe platforms provide potentially important information for news journalists during everyday work and in crisis-related contexts. The aims of this study were (a to map central journalistic challenges and emerging practices related to using SoMe for collecting and validating newsworthy content; and (b to investigate how practices may contribute to a user-friendly design of a web-based SoMe content validation toolset. Interviews were carried out with 22 journalists from three European countries. Information about journalistic work tasks was also collected during a crisis training scenario (N = 5. Results showed that participants experienced challenges with filtering and estimating trustworthiness of SoMe content. These challenges were especially due to the vast overall amount of information, and the need to monitor several platforms simultaneously. To support improved situational awareness in journalistic work during crises, a user-friendly tool should provide content search results representing several media formats and gathered from a diversity of platforms, presented in easy-to-approach visualizations. The final decision-making about content and source trustworthiness should, however, remain as a manual journalistic task, as the sample would not trust an automated estimation based on tool algorithms.

  8. Entropies of negative incomes, Pareto-distributed loss, and financial crises.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianbo Gao

    Full Text Available Health monitoring of world economy is an important issue, especially in a time of profound economic difficulty world-wide. The most important aspect of health monitoring is to accurately predict economic downturns. To gain insights into how economic crises develop, we present two metrics, positive and negative income entropy and distribution analysis, to analyze the collective "spatial" and temporal dynamics of companies in nine sectors of the world economy over a 19 year period from 1990-2008. These metrics provide accurate predictive skill with a very low false-positive rate in predicting downturns. The new metrics also provide evidence of phase transition-like behavior prior to the onset of recessions. Such a transition occurs when negative pretax incomes prior to or during economic recessions transition from a thin-tailed exponential distribution to the higher entropy Pareto distribution, and develop even heavier tails than those of the positive pretax incomes. These features propagate from the crisis initiating sector of the economy to other sectors.

  9. Déficit em transações correntes, movimentos de capital e ataques especulativos: uma abordagem estruturalista das recentes crises cambiais na América Latina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Curado

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é elaborar um modelo teórico sobre o papel dos déficits estruturais em transações correntes e da capacidade limitada de absorção de ativos externos como elementos presentes em crises cambiais de economias emergentes. O modelo terá como refe-rência as recentes crises ocorridas na América Latina, especificamente a crise mexicana de 1994 e brasileira de 1999. Pretende-se, portanto, incorporar ao debate algumas especificidades da região que têm sido negligenciadas, ou incorporadas de forma apenas parcial, pela literatura estabelecida sobre crises cambiais. O modelo deverá ilustrar o argumento de que as causas para os recentes ataques especulativos na região encontram vinculações - além dos aspectos financeiros destacados pela literatura estabelecida - com o grau de competiti-vidade externa da economia e seu grau de desenvolvimento tecnológico.This work aims to develop a theoretical model of the role that structural deficit in current account, as well as a limited capacity of absorption of financial capital, play in exchange rate crisis in developing countries. The model is specifically framed in the light of the experience of exchange rate crisis in Latin America, especially that of Brazil (1999 and Mexico (1994. The model includes key features of the Latin American economies which have been neglected or taken into account only partially in the current literature on external crisis. In particular, it is argued that recent speculative attacks on some Latin American currencies are related - along with the financial aspects usually highlighted by the existing literature - to competitiveness and technological development.

  10. Causes of the Recent Currency Crises in Developing Economies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haesik Park

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available This thesis analyzed the reasons of foreign currency crisis which happened in Mid-South America and South East Asia based on the economical structure of developing countries. First, it is illustrated theoretically. Since the developing countries, which maintain the export-oriented economic growth, allocates the sources in the trade area, equilibrium real exchange rate of these countries get relatively higher evaluation. Capital inflows with future exports as its necessary conditions make the foreign exchange market participants expect that the real future exchange rate will be much lower than the current equilibrium exchange rate (so called "devaluation", giving rise to foreign exchange crisis. Negative debts result in the information asymmetry between creditor and debtor, and between adverse selection and moral relaxation, and that cause crisis for foreign currency and reduces their attractiveness, proposed by Mishkin. In fact developing countries in Southeast Asia and Central and South America that has the recent outbreak of a foreign exchange crisis, also have unhealthy banks. When we apply analysis mentioned above to South Korea, we can not find evidence of relatively high evaluation level on the real equilibrium exchange rate and evidence of poor management in the banking sector.

  11. What's Happening in the Software Engineering Laboratory?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pajerski, Rose; Green, Scott; Smith, Donald

    1995-01-01

    Since 1976 the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL) has been dedicated to understanding and improving the way in which one NASA organization the Flight Dynamics Division (FDD) at Goddard Space Flight Center, develops, maintains, and manages complex flight dynamics systems. This paper presents an overview of recent activities and studies in SEL, using as a framework the SEL's organizational goals and experience based software improvement approach. It focuses on two SEL experience areas : (1) the evolution of the measurement program and (2) an analysis of three generations of Cleanroom experiments.

  12. [Crises in interpersonal relations--stimulation or blocking of mutual growth?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willi, J

    1986-01-01

    Time and again, couples have to cope with changes and challenges (e.g. choice of partner, marriage, childbirth and upbringing, retirement, infirmity, etc.) which cause stress and crises to their relationship. They may try to forestall such pressing changes by entering a collusion and clinging to well-established solutions. In the therapy of chronic relational crises, it has to be taken into consideration that in case of a divorce, the partners often have no real possibilities to make a new start, and that it is often more useful to support the actual coping strategies of the couple. In urgent crises, it is recommended that the therapist structures even cuts off the partners' interactions through separation or the intervention of third parties. Only when calm has been obtained should the actual conflict be treated.

  13. Blood ammonia and glutamine as predictors of hyperammonemic crises in patients with urea cycle disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Brendan; Diaz, George A; Rhead, William; Lichter-Konecki, Uta; Feigenbaum, Annette; Berry, Susan A; Le Mons, Cindy; Bartley, James A; Longo, Nicola; Nagamani, Sandesh C; Berquist, William; Gallagher, Renata; Bartholomew, Dennis; Harding, Cary O; Korson, Mark S; McCandless, Shawn E; Smith, Wendy; Cederbaum, Stephen; Wong, Derek; Merritt, J Lawrence; Schulze, Andreas; Vockley, Jerry; Vockley, Gerard; Kronn, David; Zori, Roberto; Summar, Marshall; Milikien, Douglas A; Marino, Miguel; Coakley, Dion F; Mokhtarani, Masoud; Scharschmidt, Bruce F

    2015-07-01

    The aim of this study was to examine predictors of ammonia exposure and hyperammonemic crises in patients with urea cycle disorders. The relationships between fasting ammonia, daily ammonia exposure, and hyperammonemic crises were analyzed in >100 patients with urea cycle disorders. Fasting ammonia correlated strongly with daily ammonia exposure (r = 0.764; P 200% (P urea cycle disorder subtype, dietary protein intake, or blood urea nitrogen. Fasting glutamine correlated weakly with daily ammonia exposure assessed as 24-hour area under the curve and was not a significant predictor of hyperammonemic crisis. Fasting ammonia correlates strongly and positively with daily ammonia exposure and with the risk and rate of hyperammonemic crises, suggesting that patients with urea cycle disorder may benefit from tight ammonia control.

  14. A half-baked solution: drivers of water crises in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godinez Madrigal, Jonatan; van der Zaag, Pieter; van Cauwenbergh, Nora

    2018-02-01

    Mexico is considered a regional economic and political powerhouse because of the size of its economy, and a large population in constant growth. However, this same growth accompanied by management and governance failures are causing several water crises across the country. The paper aims at identifying and analyzing the drivers of water crises. Water authorities seem to focus solely on large infrastructural schemes to counter the looming water crises, but fail to structure a set of policies for the improvement of management and governance institutions. The paper concludes with the implications of a business-as-usual policy based on infrastructure for solving water problems, which include a non-compliance to the human right to water and sanitation, ecosystem collapses and water conflicts.

  15. Impact of crises on the development of tourism in the world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milićević Snežana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In terms of global tourism business, tourism constantly faces crises that affect its development. At the beginning of the XXI century, several significant crises have had a negative effect on the world tourism industry, starting with the terrorist attacks on the USA, epidemics, the global economic crisis, natural disasters, political crises, etc. Tourism has resulted in the decline in tourism traffic and tourism receipts, with major or minor impacts on global tourism trends. The largest negative effects realized under the influence of global economic crisis, when the indicators of tourism development were poor throughout the world. To adequately manage the crisis in tourism, certain preventive measures are introduced so as to forestall the outbreak of the crisis and mitigate the negative effects upon its outbreak. Regardless of the type and duration of the crisis events, tourism has so far shown remarkable resilience.

  16. Crises parciais motoras induzidas por movimentos em pacientes diabéticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glória M. A. S. Tedrus

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available Levando em conta o número restrito de casos em âmbito internacional e a ausência de publicações na literatura nacional, os autores apresentam três casos de crises motoras focais induzidas por movimentos em pacientes diabéticos com mais de 50 anos de idade. As crises eram numerosas, sendo também desencadeadas ao serem assumidas determinadas posturas. Em dois casos havia hiperglicemia não cetótica. Todos os pacientes apresentavam hemiparesia e, em dois, tal déficit desapareceu após o cotnrole das crises. No outro paciente a hemiparesia era decorrente de acidente vascular cerebral isquêmico instalado 6 meses antes. Síndrome parietal transitória foi observada nos três pacientes. O EEG crítico mostrou, em dois pacientes, descargas na região parieto-occipital e, em um, na região temporal média contralateral. As crises foram resistentes aos anticonvulsivantes, só havendo controle com o tratamento dos distúrbios metabólicos. São discutidos aspectos clínico-eletren-cefalográficos e etiopatogênicos. A pesquisa do caráter reflexo das crises e a dosagem da glicemia devem ser feitas em todos os pacientes idosos com crises motoras focais, face às implicações de ordem terapêutica e prognóstica.

  17. Basel III and prudent risk management in banking: Continuing the cycle of fixing past crises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    François Laurens

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Financial crises have had a significant impact on bank regulation and supervision. Reforms are often focussed on correcting past failings. Following the 2007 financial crisis, Basel III reforms have been introduced with a view to promote a more resilient banking sector and to improve the banking sector’s ability to absorb shocks arising from financial distress. A review of the Basel III reforms and the literature on the link between capital adequacy regulations and bank stability indicates that these regulations are unlikely to prevent the failure of banks resulting in systemic crises

  18. [Autonomic-vascular and visceral crises in patients with climacteric spondylopathy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altukhova, A I

    1977-01-01

    The paper deals with the results of observations over 62 patients (55 females and 7 males) from the age of 42-76 with climacteric spondilopathy. The following syndromes of the nervous system lesions were revealed: neuralgic syndrome, middle and lower thoracal radiculoneuritis, the syndrome of vegetative sympatoganglionitis, myelopathy. Special attetion was given to the specificity of the nervous system lesions in patients with climacteric spondilopathy which was characterized by a tendency to vegetative-visceral crises. The author recommends a scheme of a comprehensive treatment of patients with climacteric spondilopathy with vegetative-vascular and visceral crises. This treatment includes androgen-estrogen preparations, anabolic steroids, thyrocalcitonine and symptomatic treatment.

  19. Off-balance sheet exposures and banking crises in OECD countries

    OpenAIRE

    Barrell, R; Davis, P; Liadze, I; Karim, D

    2012-01-01

    Against the background of the acknowledged importance of off-balance-sheet exposures in the sub prime crisis, we seek to investigate whether this was a new phenomenon or common to earlier crises. Using a logit approach to predicting banking crises in 14 OECD countries we find a significant impact of a proxy for the ratio of banks‟ off-balance-sheet activity to total (off and on balance sheet) activity, as well as capital and liquidity ratios, the current account balance and GDP growth. These ...

  20. The Impact of the Global Commodity and Financial Crises on Poverty in Vietnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thurlow, James; Tarp, Finn; McCoy, Simon

    Economic growth in Vietnam has been fairly resilient to the global commodity and financial crises, but it is unclear why. In addition, the impact of the crises on employment and poverty is in dispute. We develop a dynamic computable general equilibrium model to decompose impacts and estimate...... distributional outcomes. Our results indicate that the 2008 commodity crisis increased employment and reduced poverty by favouring labour-intensive exports, especially in agriculture. The 2009 financial crisis reversed these gains. It pushed more than a million workers into unemployment and about 3 million...

  1. FIEGARCH-M and and International Crises: A Cross-Country Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zhu, Jie

    We apply the fractionally integrated exponential GARCH with volatility-in-mean (FIEGARCH-M) model of Christensen, Nielsen & Zhu (2007) to estimate the risk premium after different crises occurred in major stock markets during the past two decades. The model allows keeping the long memory property......, and it is nonmonotic for different markets. Either volatility feedback or risk premium is a possible explanation for the risk factor. On the contrary, Asian financial crisis and other market-specific crises have no persistent impact on most markets....

  2. What's happening at the edge of tokamaks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Crandall, D.H.

    1987-01-01

    Handling the power deposition at the walls of a plasma fusion device and controlling the particle fueling of the plasma originated the interest in the edge of the plasma by magnetic fusion scientists. Recently this interest has intensified because of clear evidence that the quality of the central plasma confinement depends in unexpected ways on details of how the edge plasma is managed. Significant efforts are being pursued to understand and exploit the improved plasma confinement observed in the 'H-mode' obtained with divertors and in the 'super-shots' obtained with low neutral particle flux from the edge of TFTR limiter plasmas. The controls, that determine whether or not these well-confined plasmas are obtained, are applied in the edge plasma where a wealth of atomic and molecular processes occur. A qualitative overview of current research related to plasma edge and desirable features is presented to guide thoughts about atomic processes to be included in modeling and interpreting the plasma edge of tokamaks. (orig.)

  3. A Bayesian Approach to Excess Volatility, Short-term Underreaction and Long-term Overreaction during Financial Crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    X. Guo (Xu); M.J. McAleer (Michael); W.-K. Wong (Wing-Keung); L. Zhu (Lixing)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper, we introduce a new Bayesian approach to explain some market anomalies during financial crises and subsequent recovery. We assume that the earnings shock of an asset follows a random walk model with and without drift to incorporate the impact of financial crises. We further

  4. An Enduring Vision: The Melting Pot That Did Happen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portes, Alejandro

    2000-01-01

    Discusses the 1963 book, "Beyond the Melting Pot," which argued that the melting pot never happened and neither assimilation nor cultural pluralism occurred (at least in New York City). Concludes that this is a landmark book because it challenges the canonical assimilation story, provides a new set of standards for expert knowledge in…

  5. Review the Physicists show EVERYTHING happens at the same time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    javadi, Hossein; Forouzbakhsh, Farshid

    2016-01-01

    Physicist Max Tegmark claims flow of time is illusion. EVERYTHING happens at the same time, Max Tegmark said. [1] To understand how this theory is consistent with the truth, it should be compared with physical previous theories and experiences. The theory is backed up Einstein’s theory...

  6. Review the Physicists show EVERYTHING happens at the same time

    OpenAIRE

    javadi, Hossein; Forouzbakhsh, Farshid

    2016-01-01

    Physicist Max Tegmark claims flow of time is illusion. EVERYTHING happens at the same time, Max Tegmark said. [1] To understand how this theory is consistent with the truth, it should be compared with physical previous theories and experiences. The theory is backed up Einstein’s theory of relativity, Max Tegmark said. [1

  7. Though Arrow Says It’s Impossible, It Happens Everyday

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Gani

    2004-01-01

    Arrow’s Impossibility Theorem shows that transitive social preference is impossible. This note shows that in the general case of exchange, social preference need not be transitive. Indeed, it shows that social preference must be non-transitive to allow gainful exchange to maximize social welfare. Thus though Arrow says it is impossible, it actually happens everyday and everywhere.

  8. Presented papers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    This International Conference on Nutrition and Cancer is endorsed for a hundred international institutions so much clinical as of investigation in the area of the vitamins, nutrition and cancer. It has a main objective to offer to students and professionals so much inside the area of the health, like to the community what is happening in the field of the nutrients related with the cancer, and this way to be able to be expressed correctly and security like the human being it cares for their own body

  9. The benefit of issue management: anticipating crises in the digital age

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strauβ, N.; Jonkman, J.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to find out how issue management and media monitoring is exercised in the digital age to anticipate crises. More specifically, it was investigated how these practices differ across communication professionals, organizations, and sectors in the Netherlands.

  10. Currency Crises and Monetary Policy in an Economy with Credit Constraints

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergman, Ulf Michael; Hassan, Shakill

    This paper revisits the currency crises model of Aghion, Bacchetta and Banerjee (2000, 2001, 2004), who show that if there exist nominal price rigidities and private sector credit constraints, and the credit multiplier depends on real interest rates, then the optimal monetary policy response...

  11. How Prepared Are America's Colleges and Universities for Major Crises? Assessing the State of Crisis Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitroff, Ian I.; Diamond, Michael A.; Alpaslan, Murat C.

    2006-01-01

    This article outlines a set of recommendations to college and university leaders and governing bodies on how to develop crisis-management systems to ensure that their institutions are as well prepared as possible for a wide range of crises. These recommendations are based, in part, on crisis-management programs developed for various business…

  12. Marketing Crises in Tourism: Communication Strategies in the United States and Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Herrero, Alfonso; Pratt, Cornelius B.

    1998-01-01

    Compares crisis-response strategies of marketing-communication professionals in tourism organizations (TOs) in the United States and Spain. Reports the extent to which they use proven crisis-management strategies. Indicates significant differences between the countries' TOs in both their extant plans for responding to marketing crises and in their…

  13. Reacting to Crises: The Risk-Averse Nature of Contemporary American Public Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Over the past several decades, numerous arguments have been made advancing the notion that the failings of the public education system in the United States have placed the nation's national security or economic prosperity at risk. This article will examine some of these "crises" and explore how arguments claiming that the shortcomings of…

  14. Comparing emerging and mature markets during times of crises: A non-extensive statistical approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Namaki, A.; Koohi Lai, Z.; Jafari, G. R.; Raei, R.; Tehrani, R.

    2013-07-01

    One of the important issues in finance and economics for both scholars and practitioners is to describe the behavior of markets, especially during times of crises. In this paper, we analyze the behavior of some mature and emerging markets with a Tsallis entropy framework that is a non-extensive statistical approach based on non-linear dynamics. During the past decade, this technique has been successfully applied to a considerable number of complex systems such as stock markets in order to describe the non-Gaussian behavior of these systems. In this approach, there is a parameter q, which is a measure of deviation from Gaussianity, that has proved to be a good index for detecting crises. We investigate the behavior of this parameter in different time scales for the market indices. It could be seen that the specified pattern for q differs for mature markets with regard to emerging markets. The findings show the robustness of the stated approach in order to follow the market conditions over time. It is obvious that, in times of crises, q is much greater than in other times. In addition, the response of emerging markets to global events is delayed compared to that of mature markets, and tends to a Gaussian profile on increasing the scale. This approach could be very useful in application to risk and portfolio management in order to detect crises by following the parameter q in different time scales.

  15. Governing humanitarian emergencies, protracted crises, and (in)security through resilience

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Anholt, Rosanne

    2017-01-01

    ‘Resilience’ occupies a prominent place in contemporary discussions around the governance of humanitarian emergencies, protracted crises and insecurity more broadly. The aim of this study was to further our understanding of resilience as a governance rationality and a policy discourse, in particular

  16. The Influence of Media Coverage of Religious Crises in Nigeria: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Influence of Media Coverage of Religious Crises in Nigeria: A Case Study of the Mohammed Cartoon Riots. ... (http://www.bbc.co.uk/news ). It also explores peoples opinion ... public for the benefit of the media institutions,(both government and privately owned media houses), journalists, the government and individuals.

  17. Employee Communication during Crises: The Effects of Stress on Information Processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pincus, J. David; Acharya, Lalit

    Based on multidisciplinary research findings, this report proposes an information processing model of employees' response to highly stressful information environments arising during organizational crises. The introduction stresses the importance of management's handling crisis communication with employees skillfully. The second section points out…

  18. Risks and crises for healthcare providers: the impact of cloud computing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glasberg, Ronald; Hartmann, Michael; Draheim, Michael; Tamm, Gerrit; Hessel, Franz

    2014-01-01

    We analyze risks and crises for healthcare providers and discuss the impact of cloud computing in such scenarios. The analysis is conducted in a holistic way, taking into account organizational and human aspects, clinical, IT-related, and utilities-related risks as well as incorporating the view of the overall risk management.

  19. Random Acts of Senseless Video: An Organizational Psychology Perspective on the "Identity Crises" of Corporate Television.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutenko, Gregory

    Corporate television suffers from at least two "identity crises": departmental isolation, and the lack of a legitimate identity for the corporate video product itself. Video departments are not usually viewed and accepted by the organizational whole as natural evolutions of a historically defined and behaviorally integrated system. The…

  20. Risks and Crises for Healthcare Providers: The Impact of Cloud Computing

    OpenAIRE

    Glasberg, Ronald; Hartmann, Michael; Draheim, Michael; Tamm, Gerrit; Hessel, Franz

    2014-01-01

    We analyze risks and crises for healthcare providers and discuss the impact of cloud computing in such scenarios. The analysis is conducted in a holistic way, taking into account organizational and human aspects, clinical, IT-related, and utilities-related risks as well as incorporating the view of the overall risk management.

  1. Comment éviter la crise de l'eau | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    9 déc. 2010 ... Une crise mondiale de l'eau aux répercussions aussi tragiques que celles ... région aride ne modifie en profondeur ses pratiques de gestion de l'eau. ... Au Moyen-Orient, le traitement et la réutilisation de l'eau provenant des ...

  2. Analiyzing Main Determinant of Currency, Debt and Banking Crises and Frag ilities in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Türker

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The basic lessons obtained from financial turbulences all over the wor ld are the need to spot main causes, identify the triggering risk factors and consequently develop resolution plans for the potential financial crises, which include the establishment of a sound and strong financial system with strengthened institutional and structural bodies. Accurately and timely detection of the main causes that trigger financial fragilitiesemerging from currency, debt and banking is supposed to guide regulators to find "to the point" solutions to the fragility problems and to isolate their effects. Since in the Turkey case, financial crises were observed to occur in the form of twin crises or triplet crises, in this paper, we put forward Turkey-specific diagnoses and suggestions. Thus, the main factors that triggered financial turmoils in Turkey's last quarter century are low GDP, inadequate equity capital, insufficient bank returns, poor FX reserve, high inflation, short position-hot money policy, capital outflows, manipulative credit ratings and bank inertia, namely a trade off betweencredit transactions and risk-free investment vehicles

  3. Corporate Social Responsibility and Social Media Crises - How to ride off a CSR-related shitstorm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerdal-Hjermind, Annette; Schmeltz, Line

    This paper aims to explore and offer insights into the phenomenon of social media crises in a CSR-related context by reflexively merging theoretical and case insights (Alvesson & Kärreman, 2007, p. 2011). The phenomenon and the components of a social media crisis are theoretically identified...... strategy and communicative skills during a CSR-related social media crisis....

  4. Role of the police in linking individuals experiencing mental health crises with mental health services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Brink, Rob H. S.; Broer, Jan; Tholen, Alfons J.; Winthorst, Wim H.; Visser, Ellen; Wiersma, Durk

    2012-01-01

    Background: The police are considered frontline professionals in managing individuals experiencing mental health crises. This study examines the extent to which these individuals are disconnected from mental health services, and whether the police response has an influence on re-establishing

  5. La crise européenne. Un regard de géographe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yann Richard

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available L’Union européenne est durement affectée par la crise des dettes souveraines. Cette crise peut être interprétée comme la conséquence de plusieurs faits importants : une absence de leadership européen, des inégalités fortes parfois anciennes entre les performances macroéconomiques des pays membres, des faiblesses structurelles déjà observables avant la crise dans certains pays. Mais le principal facteur de fragilité de l’Union européenne réside dans sa division interne. Tant que la problématique de l’intégration européenne ne sera pas appropriée par les citoyens européens eux-mêmes et tant que certaines politiques ne seront pas davantage coordonnées, l’Union restera sur le fil du rasoir. Cette crise met en lumière l’essoufflement d’un certain modèle d’intégration. Dans cet article, on explore ces problématiques avec un regard géographique.

  6. Gestão de crise e seu impacto na imagem de marca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Borba Salvador

    Full Text Available Resumo: Crises de marca, decorrentes de falhas no produto, têm se tornado mais frequentes em razão do aumento da complexidade dos produtos. As crises geradas por campanhas de recall são únicas, inesperadas e podem gerar deterioração da relação favorável estabelecida entre a marca e o consumidor, afetar a imagem de marca e reduzir o brand equity. Suas consequências envolvem prejuízos financeiros de curto e longo prazo para a marca, para a empresa e, eventualmente, para a categoria como um todo. Este artigo é fruto de uma pesquisa exploratória qualitativa realizada por meio de um estudo de caso único na indústria de alimentos. Seu objetivo é verificar empiricamente a aplicação das teorias sobre crise de marca e recall em um caso brasileiro recente. Os resultados encontrados estão alinhados com as suposições elaboradas com base no referencial teórico. Como contribuição adicional para o tema, o estudo apresenta o efeito de uma crise real ao longo do tempo.

  7. It's meaning making stupid! Succes of public leadership during flash crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Helsloot, I.; Groenendaal, J.

    2017-01-01

    Boin et al. (International Review of Public Administration, 18, 2013, 79) and others propose that public crisis leadership consists of several core tasks, among which crisis decision-making and meaning making stand out in “flash crises.” We however argue that successful leadership during a sudden

  8. It's meaning making, stupid! Success of public leadership during flash crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Helsloot, I.; Groenendaal, J.

    2017-01-01

    Boin et al. (International Review of Public Administration, 18, 2013, 79) and others propose that public crisis leadership consists of several core tasks, among which crisis decision-making and meaning making stand out in “flash crises.” We however argue that successful leadership during a sudden

  9. Identity Crises in Love and at Work: Dispositional Optimism as a Durable Personal Resource

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson, Matthew A.

    2012-01-01

    Using the 2004 General Social Survey (N = 453), the identity stress process is investigated in terms of crises in intimate relationships and at the workplace. I discuss dispositional optimism as a psychological resource that is relatively independent of the situation and the self, making it ideal for structurally disadvantaged actors and for…

  10. Variations of Young Germans' Informal Conceptions of Financial and Economic Crises Phenomena

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aprea, Carmela; Sappa, Viviana

    2014-01-01

    The development of a sound understanding of financial and economic crises phenomena must be considered an important goal within the scope of citizenship, economic and social science education. As with every other educational endeavour, this intention requires solid information about what informal conceptions learners hold about this specific…

  11. Immigration et crise d'identite dans l'Univers Romanesque de Sami ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Immigration et crise d'identite dans l'Univers Romanesque de Sami Tchak. ... La littérature africaine du XXIème siècle a eu une grande transformation. Cela est dû au fait ... It is established that Sami Tchak takes profound interest in projecting and handling the themes of immigration and identity crisis in his novelistic world.

  12. On Zombie Banks and Recessions after Systemic Banking Crises: Government Intervention Matters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Homar, T.; van Wijnbergen, S.

    2013-01-01

    Systemic banking crises often continue into recessions with large output losses (Reinhart & Rogoff 2009a). In this paper we ask whether the way Governments intervene in the financial sector has an impact on the economy's subsequent performance. Our theoretical analysis focuses on bank incentives to

  13. Prevention of Targeted School Violence by Responding to Students' Psychosocial Crises: The NETWASS Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leuschner, Vincenz; Fiedler, Nora; Schultze, Martin; Ahlig, Nadine; Göbel, Kristin; Sommer, Friederike; Scholl, Johanna; Cornell, Dewey; Scheithauer, Herbert

    2017-01-01

    The standardized, indicated school-based prevention program "Networks Against School Shootings" combines a threat assessment approach with a general model of prevention of emergency situations in schools through early intervention in student psychosocial crises and training teachers to recognize warning signs of targeted school violence.…

  14. Gender Inequality and Disabled Inclusivity in Accounting Higher Education and the Accounting Profession during Financial Crises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lodh, Suman; Nandy, Monomita

    2017-01-01

    In this article, the authors find that, during financial crises, the wage gap between female and male accounting professionals declines and gender inequality in higher education is affected. In addition, less support and lower wages for disabled accounting professionals demotivate disabled students in accounting higher education. Because of budget…

  15. Detecting Corporate Social Media Crises on Facebook Using Social Set Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mukkamala, Raghava Rao; Iskou Sørensen, Jannie; Hussain, Abid

    2015-01-01

    social media crises using social set analysis-an approach to computational social based on associational sociology and set theory. Based on a conceptual and formal model of social data, we conduct social set analysis of the facebook wall data of four diferent Danish companies. Findings show...

  16. Risks and Crises for Healthcare Providers: The Impact of Cloud Computing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald Glasberg

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We analyze risks and crises for healthcare providers and discuss the impact of cloud computing in such scenarios. The analysis is conducted in a holistic way, taking into account organizational and human aspects, clinical, IT-related, and utilities-related risks as well as incorporating the view of the overall risk management.

  17. De rol van sociale media bij rampen en (mini)crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jan Eberg; Menno van Duin; Vina Wijkhuijs

    2016-01-01

    Full text beschikbaar met HU-account. Sinds de opkomst van sociale media spelen de toepassing en het bereik ervan in toenemende mate een rol, ook bij rampen en crises. De vraag rijst dan hoe daar in de crisiscommunicatie en het crisismanagement effectief mee om te gaan. Uit literatuuronderzoek en

  18. B-type natriuretic peptide in hypertensive crises: Diagnostic use in hypertensive urgencies and emergencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sameh El Maraghi

    2013-04-01

    Conclusion: During hypertensive crises BNP blood level determination could have a role as a diagnostic tool for the screening of HE and its evaluation is very useful in patients admitted with acute and rapid elevation of BP to limit target organ damage.

  19. Bond markets and banking crises in emerging market economies: The role of institutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boukhatem Jamel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the question of knowing if countries whose activity of financing is mainly bank based face crises more expensive than those where the bond markets are broader and more developed. The results of the empirical tests on a panel of emerging countries suggest that bank based financial systems are associated with crises slightly more expensive, whereas the relationship between the bond markets and the crises’ costs is fragile. Moreover, financial systems where bond markets play an important role are associated with a higher growth of the production, and this, independently of the presence or not of crises. The consideration of the combined effect of financial liberalization and institutional framework on the bond markets development shows the importance of the direction of the financial liberalization. We join in this case one of the most significant aspects of the “sequencing” theorized by McKinnon (1973. Finally, an effective prudential regulation tends to reduce significantly the probability of occurrence of banking crises.

  20. The transmission process of financial crises across the emerging markets: an alternative consideration

    OpenAIRE

    Abdurrahman, Korkmaz

    2012-01-01

    This paper offers an alternative consideration for the transmission process of financial crises across emerging markets. Here, we hypothesized that the interdependence effect could weaken, even disappear completely, and veer during a crisis period as a result of the contagion process. The importance of this hypothesis for the policy implication is also highlighted because it can be validated for many cases by our data.

  1. A half-baked solution : Drivers of water crises in Mexico

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Madrigal, Jonatan Godinez; van der Zaag, P.; Van Cauwenbergh, Nora

    2018-01-01

    Mexico is considered a regional economic and political powerhouse because of the size of its economy, and a large population in constant growth. However, this same growth accompanied by management and governance failures are causing several water crises across the country. The paper aims at

  2. The Continuing Challenge of Racial Conflicts and Crises: Focusing on Education as a Solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Lionel H.; Larsen, Judith; Britt, Ruth S.; Yao, Yao; Brown, Jean P.; Beck, Ryan

    2006-01-01

    In this first-person paper, educator Dr. Lionel Brown takes a sweeping look at the racial crises that have erupted in his home city of Cincinnati during his lifetime, and proposes that education is the only real, long-term way of addressing and disrupting the repeating pattern of violence. He highlights a selection of current and proposed…

  3. Past Adolescence, into and across Adulthood: Career Crises and Major Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakshi, Anuradha J.

    2011-01-01

    Career-related crises and major decisions, support for these, and job satisfaction were surveyed in 124 varied individuals from Mumbai, India. All participants were in the post-career-entry stage and engaged in paid work; they differed with regard to age (range 18-75 years), sex, marital status, religion, education, occupation, income, and…

  4. Gérer les grandes crises sanitaires, écologiques, politiques et économiques

    CERN Document Server

    Crocq, P L; Vraie, B

    2009-01-01

    Crises internationales, politiques, sociales, financières, économiques, pandémies, catastrophes, attentats, prises d'otages, et, plus couramment, crises dans l'entreprise... Chacune se déroule sous stress pour le dirigeant, les cadres, la population. Comment gérer ce stress et surtout prendre les bonnes décisions ? Trois experts ont mis en commun leur expérience pour élaborer ce manuel pratique des conduites à tenir, depuis l'instauration d'une culture de crise en amont jusqu'au débriefing psychologique de fin de crise. Un livre qui s'adresse à tous ceux qui, responsables de collectivités publiques ou privées, ont ou auront à affronter des situations d'urgence. Un livre clé pour se préparer à affronter l'urgence, l'imprévisible et même l'inimaginable.

  5. Homo sapiens, Homo demens e Homo degradandis: a psiquê humana e a crise ambiental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Bortoni Ninis

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo discute a crise ambiental por meio de um diálogo entre a psicanálise, filosofia e ciências sociais. Busca-se introduzir um eixo comum de compreensão das relações entre a psiquê e a natureza, a partir de um texto reflexivo sobre a natureza humana, sua complexidade e suas sociopatias. A crise socioambiental em que vivemos é tratada a partir das seguintes proposições: (i a humanidade se distanciou da sua condição natural; (ii a humanidade pode estar psicologicamente doente; (iii a humanidade não está moralmente apta para delegar a superação da crise às futuras gerações, pois vivemos num simulacro que envolve consumismo e alienação. Conclui-se que há uma dimensão subjetiva na raiz da crise ambiental, de cuja análise depende a solução real do impasse civilizacional com o qual nos defrontamos.

  6. Vulnerability of countries to food-production crises propagating in the virtual water trade network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamea, S.; Laio, F.; Ridolfi, L.

    2015-12-01

    In recent years, the international trade of food and agricultural commodities has undergone a marked increase of exchanged volumes and an expansion of the trade network. This globalization of trade has both positive and negative effects, but the interconnectedness and external dependency of countries generate complex dynamics which are often difficult to understand and model. In this study we consider the volume of water used for the production of agricultural commodities, virtually exchanged among countries through commodity trade, i.e. the virtual water trade. Then, we set up a parsimonious mechanistic model describing the propagation, into the global trade network, of food-production crises generated locally by a social, economic or environmental event (such as war, economic crisis, drought, pest). The model, accounting for the network structure and the virtual water balance of all countries, bases on rules derived from observed virtual water flows and on data-based and statistically verified assumption. It is also tested on real case studies that prove its capability to capture the main features of crises propagation. The model is then employed as the basis for the development of an index of country vulnerability, measuring the exposure of countries to crises propagating in the virtual water trade network. Results of the analysis are discussed within the context of socio-economic and environmental conditions of countries, showing that not only water-scarce, but also wealthy and globalized countries, are among the most vulnerable to external crises. The temporal analysis for the period 1986-2011 reveals that the global average vulnerability has strongly increased over time, confirming the increased exposure of countries to external crises which may occur in the virtual water trade network.

  7. New constraints on mobility in Europe: Policy response to European crises or constitutional ambiguity?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izabela Jędrzejowska-Schiffauer

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the effectiveness of recent measures undertaken by the governments of some European Union Member States such as the United Kingdom, Germany and Poland as well as of non-EU European countries such as Switzerland in order to face growing concerns in the public opinion with the increase of transnational migration flows on European continent. The authors analyse selected legislative, regulatory and administrative measures motivated by objectives of migration policy or affecting the mobility of workers, taken in the aftermath of the economic and financial crisis. They argue that, albeit political discourse unfavourable on immigration and migrant workers has become the mainstream in some countries, the measures taken by national governments and legislators seldom involve direct constraints on the free movement of workers which is safeguarded by EU treaty provisions. However, concrete examples illustrate that access of such workers to social security benefits has been restricted through making use of certain derogations from the principle of equal treatment allowed under EU law. In some cases national legislators had to abandon plans to limit directly the free movement of workers, because the envisaged provisions were incompatible with the EU Treaties. With regard to social security, regulatory measures and administrative actions may have effectively implemented national policy concerns with large-scale migration movements. In general, it could be concluded that the European Union, while struggling against multiple crises, has taken a not fully favourable approach to free movement and migration of EU citizens. The present political climate unfavourable to intra-European migration may be understood, from the perspective of historical analysis, as an expression of constitutional ambiguity underlying the European Union’s normative framework, consisting in a gap between its formally recognised noble values and the mentalities

  8. International Stock Market Comovements: What Happened during the Financial Crisis?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Horváth, Roman; Poldauf, P.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 12, č. 1 (2012), s. 1-21 ISSN 1524-5861 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA402/09/0965 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : stock market comovements * financial crisis * GARCH Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2012/E/horvath-international stock market comovements what happened during the financial crisis .pdf

  9. Urban Geocaching: what Happened in Lisbon during the Last Decade?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nogueira Mendes, R.; Rodrigues, T.; Rodrigues, A. M.

    2013-05-01

    Created in 2000 in the United States of America, Geocaching has become a major phenomenon all around the world, counting actually with millions of Geocaches (or caches) that work as a recreational motivation for millions of users, called Geocachers. During the last 30 days over 5,000,000 new logs have been submitted worldwide, disseminating individual experiences, motivations, emotions and photos through the official Geocaching website (www.geocaching.com), and several official or informal national web forums. The activity itself can be compared with modern treasure hunting that uses handheld GPS, Smartphones or Tablets, WEB 2.0, wiki features and technologies to keep Geocachers engaged with their activity, in a strong social-network. All these characteristics make Geocaching an activity with a strong geographic component that deals closely with the surrounding environment where each cache has been hidden. From previous work, significance correlation has been found regarding hides and natural/rural environments, but metropolitan and urban areas like Lisbon municipality (that holds 3.23% of the total 27534 Portuguese caches), still registers the higher density of Geocaches, and logs numbers. Lacking "natural/rural" environment, Geocaching in cities tend to happen in symbolic areas, like public parks and places, sightseeing spots and historical neighborhoods. The present study looks to Geocaching within the city of Lisbon, in order to understand how it works, and if this activity reflects the city itself, promoting its image and cultural heritage. From a freely available dataset that includes all Geocaches that have been placed in Lisbon since February 2001, spatial analysis has been conducted, showing the informal preferences of this activity. Results show a non-random distribution of caches within the study area, similar to the land use distribution. Preferable locations tend to be in iconic places of the city, usually close to the Tagus River, that concentrates 25

  10. Re-evaluation of bone pain in patients with type 1 Gaucher disease suggests that bone crises occur in small bones as well as long bones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baris, Hagit N; Weisz Hubshman, Monika; Bar-Sever, Zvi; Kornreich, Liora; Shkalim Zemer, Vered; Cohen, Ian J

    2016-09-01

    Bone crises in type 1 Gaucher disease are reported in long bones and occasionally in weight bearing bones and other bones, but rarely in small bones of the hands and feet. We retrospectively examined the incidence of bone pain in patients followed at the Rabin Medical Center, Israel, before and following the initiation of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) and evaluated them for bone crises. Of 100 type I Gaucher disease patients, 30 (30%) experienced one or more bone crises. Small bone crises represented 31.5% of all bone crises and were always preceded by crises in other bones. While the incidence of long bone crises reduced after the initiation of ERT, small bone crises increased. Almost 60% of patients with bone crises were of the N370S/84GG genotype suggesting a greater susceptibility of N370S/84GG patients to severe bone complications. These patients also underwent the greatest number of splenectomies (70.6% of splenectomised patients). Splenectomised patients showed a trend towards increased long and small bone crises after surgery. Active investigation of acute pain in the hands and feet in patients in our cohort has revealed a high incidence of small bone crises. Physicians should consider imaging studies to investigate unexplained pain in these areas. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Mathematics Crises in our Schools: Causes and Remedies | Osafo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The presentation will discuss findings from an NGO project - 'Improving Teaching and Learning of Mathematics in Basic Schools'. The project has taken the presenter to several schools across the country, observing and supporting teachers in their implementation of the curriculum. (Mathematics Connection: 2001 2: 4-6) ...

  12. Gadolinium-DOTA enhanced MRI of painful osseous crises in children with sickle cell anemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bonnerot, V.; Sebag, G.; Montalembert, M. de; Wioland, M.; Glorion, C.; Girot, R.; Lallemand, D.

    1994-01-01

    In order to evaluate the role of gadolinium-DOTA enhanced MRI in the management of painful osseous crises in children with sickle cell anemia (SCA), nine children with SCA underwent MRI, bone scans and ultrasonographic studies during 11 osseous crises. Imaging findings were compared with the final diagnosis: three acute osteomyelitis (AO) and 16 acute infarcts (AI). MRI could not differentiate AO from AI. The appearance of severe AI was very misleading and was similar to the usual appearance of AO, including soft tissue changes, periosteal reaction and patterns of enhancement. Gadolinium-DOTA enhanced MRI was useful for determining the anatomic site and extent of AO or AI and for distinguishing between necrotic material, fluid collection and vascularized inflammatory tissue. It can also help to guide the aspiration of intraosseous, subperiosteal and soft tissue fluid collections. (orig.)

  13. Crises financeiras nos anos 1990 e poupança externa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Contrary to what conventional economic analysis afirms, the main cause of the financial crises in emerging countries during the 1990s, beginning with Mexico (1994 and ending with the crisis in Argentina (2001 was not primarily fiscal, but the decision by governments to foster growth with foreign savings, i.e., with current account deficits. Since the exchange rate has other determinants besides domestic absorption, the assumption of twin deficits often does not hold. These were balance of payment crises triggered by an overvalued local currency and the high increases in the foreign debt and/or the fast growth of the current account deficit. This led, foreign creditors to suddenly become persuaded that the country faced both liquidity and solvency problems, and to stop rolling over the debt. An econometric test substantiates these claims.

  14. Non-criticality of interaction network over system's crises: A percolation analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirazi, Amir Hossein; Saberi, Abbas Ali; Hosseiny, Ali; Amirzadeh, Ehsan; Toranj Simin, Pourya

    2017-11-20

    Extraction of interaction networks from multi-variate time-series is one of the topics of broad interest in complex systems. Although this method has a wide range of applications, most of the previous analyses have focused on the pairwise relations. Here we establish the potential of such a method to elicit aggregated behavior of the system by making a connection with the concepts from percolation theory. We study the dynamical interaction networks of a financial market extracted from the correlation network of indices, and build a weighted network. In correspondence with the percolation model, we find that away from financial crises the interaction network behaves like a critical random network of Erdős-Rényi, while close to a financial crisis, our model deviates from the critical random network and behaves differently at different size scales. We perform further analysis to clarify that our observation is not a simple consequence of the growth in correlations over the crises.

  15. Currency crises and the evolution of foreign exchange market: Evidence from minimum spanning tree

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Wooseok; Lee, Junghoon; Chang, Woojin

    2011-02-01

    We examined the time series properties of the foreign exchange market for 1990-2008 in relation to the history of the currency crises using the minimum spanning tree (MST) approach and made several meaningful observations about the MST of currencies. First, around currency crises, the mean correlation coefficient between currencies decreased whereas the normalized tree length increased. The mean correlation coefficient dropped dramatically passing through the Asian crisis and remained at the lowered level after that. Second, the Euro and the US dollar showed a strong negative correlation after 1997, implying that the prices of the two currencies moved in opposite directions. Third, we observed that Asian countries and Latin American countries moved away from the cluster center (USA) passing through the Asian crisis and Argentine crisis, respectively.

  16. The Framing of Humanitarian Crises in the Spanish Media: An Inductive Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Ardèvol-Abreu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The media are important actors in humanitarian crisis management and resolution, both in the countries facing the crises and in the rest of the world. Based on an inductive approach to a news sample from four Spanish newspapers, this study analyses the news frames used in the coverage of countries facing humanitarian crises. Results show that, with certain differences between countries, the Spanish press frames these countries as being theatres of war and violence, Islamic terrorism, and crime. From a theoretical perspective, results also suggest that news frames should not be classified either as "generic" or "specific", but that they should instead be placed on a continuous scale ranging from "generic" through to "specific".

  17. Are We Prepared? Four WMD Crises That Could Transform U.S. Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-01

    biological attack, as well as for food se- curity associated with meat , poultry , and eggs. ✦ Defense is primarily responsible for activities relat...to mitigate the risks posed by sev- eral “systemic game -changers” that could fundamentally alter America’s ability to respond to future crises. More...capabilities and units, this mis- sion is still predominantly a “U.S.-only” game , as the United States is the only country that can field elimi- nation

  18. A CRISE DO PLANEJAMENTO DE TRANSPORTES NOS PAÍSES EM DESENVOLVIMENTO: REAVALIANDO PRESSUPOSTOS E ALTERNATIVAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo A. Vasconcellos

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo faz inicialmente uma sistematização dos problemas verificados nos países em desenvolvimento, como contribuição ao entendimento da crise urbana e seus efeitos sobre as condições de transporte, são sugeridos novos pressupostos e novos objetivos de orientação do processo de planejamento de transportes.

  19. CYCLES AND CRISES: HISTORY AND MODERNITY (THE RESULTS OF THE INTERNATIONAL NOBEL ECONOMIC FORUM)

    OpenAIRE

    Borys I.KHOLOD; Anatoly O.ZADOYA

    2009-01-01

    The paper analysis the main features of crisis phenomena in the early 21st century taking into consideration the overlapping stages of different types of business cycle (short and medium terms). The authors evaluate different kinds of economic cycles from the viewpoint of both history and modernity on the basis of opinions formulated during the International Nobel Economic Forum ôWord Economy in the 21th Century: Cycles and Crisesö (held in September 2008 at Dnipropetrovsk, University of Econ...

  20. Sowing resilience and contestation in times of crises: the case of urban gardening movements in Barcelona

    OpenAIRE

    Camps-Calvet, Marta; Langemeyer, Johannes; Calvet-Mir, Laura; Gomez-Baggethun, Erik; March, Hug

    2015-01-01

    Urban gardens have been observed to multiply in response to crises. However, the meaning and motivations behind the emergence of gardening movements varies greatly over space and time. In this paper we argue that bottom up urban gardening initiatives taking place in Southern European countries in form of land occupation and communalization represent forms of resistance that enhance social cohesion and collective action in times of need. Specifically, this research examines the role of urban g...

  1. External Shocks and Banking Crises in Developing Countries: Does the Exchange Rate Regime Matter?

    OpenAIRE

    Chandima Mendis

    2002-01-01

    This paper examines some determinants of banking crises in developing economies. Specifically, the effects of terms of trade shocks and capital flows are analyzed. The choice of the nominal exchange rate regime is found to be a crucial factor in the way various shocks are transmitted through the monetary sector. A logit model is used on panel data and preliminary results indicate that countries with flexible regimes were able to lessen the impact of external shocks on the domestic economy. Th...

  2. A crise de sentido e o futuro das organizações

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnoldo José de Hoyos Guevara

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Ao pensar sobre a crise de sentido e a fragmentação do conhecimento que caracterizaram o trabalho no mundo contemporâneo, devemos nos perguntar: se trabalhamos para viver, ou vivemos para trabalhar, por isto está emergindo um novo tipo de consciência expandida (econômico social - ambiental - espiritual capaz de repensar o complexo mundo atual por meio de novas lideranças transformadoras.

  3. Financial Restructuring in Banking and Corporate Sector Crises: What Policies to Pursue?

    OpenAIRE

    Stijn Claessens; Daniela Klingebiel; Luc Laeven

    2001-01-01

    We review the literature on resolving bank and corporate sector crises to identify government policies that affect the depth of a crisis and the ease and sustainability of recovery, and to analyze their fiscal cost. A consistent framework - including sufficient resources for loss-absorption and private agents facing the right framework of sticks and carrots - is the, although often missing key to successful bank and corporate restructuring. Sustainability of restructuring calls for deeper str...

  4. Crise du virus Ebola : Améliorer la communication scientifique et le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Crise du virus Ebola : Améliorer la communication scientifique et le journalisme local en période d'urgence et après une éclosion. La World Federation of Science Journalists (WFSJ) dirige un programme régional de communication et de formation pour les journalistes locaux, dans le but d'améliorer le journalisme ...

  5. Crises de Segurança do Alimento e a Demanda por Carnes no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisés de Andrade Resende Filho

    Full Text Available Resumo: Investiga-se se crises de segurança do alimento deslocam para baixo as demandas por carne bovina, suína e de frango no Brasil. Constroem-se três séries de índices de crises de segurança do alimento, um para cada tipo de carne, somando-se o total de notícias na Folha de São Paulo que atenderam a critérios predefinidos de busca. Utilizam-se estas três séries, os preços das carnes e de um bem composto e o gasto per capita com consumo como variáveis explicativas em seis especificações alternativas de um sistema de quatro equações de demanda. Seleciona-se a melhor especificação do modelo por meio de testes ajustados de razão de verossimilhança. Testes com o modelo selecionado não rejeitam a hipótese de que as demandas não são afetadas por crises de segurança do alimento. Conclui-se que se deslocamentos da demanda para baixo em reação a crises de segurança do alimento criam incentivos para que as empresas adotem medidas para produzir um alimento mais seguro, tais incentivos não existem nos setores de carnes no Brasil. Assim, reforça-se a importância e necessidade de um sistema público ativo para regulamentar e estabelecer padrões de segurança da carne no Brasil.

  6. Crise convulsive chez les abuseurs de Tramadol et caféine: à ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nous rapportons Huit cas de crises convulsives diagnostiquées comme maladie épileptique après ingestion de Tramadol et d'autres substances psychotropes dont la Caféine dans une région ou maladie épileptique et addiction au café sont fréquentes. L'objectif de ce travail était d'informer les praticiens sur le risque de ...

  7. Sensemaking, institutions and crises of legitimacy: the case of Nike's sweatshop

    OpenAIRE

    Zheng, Xiaolan

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to explore the phenomenon of the legitimacy crisis. This is a variant of organizational crises which, although increasingly common and managerially relevant, is still under-explored. A legitimacy crisis signals a problematic relationship between the focal organization and its socio-institutional environment which calls for repairing of meaning. Having considered this, the study has developed a theoretical framework that integrates the sensemaking and institutional per...

  8. Early warning systems of financial crises: implementation of a currency crisis model for Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Heun, Michael; Schlink, Torsten

    2004-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to implement a prototype of a currency crisis model as part of an early warning system framework for Uganda. The financial systems of developing countries like Uganda are especially vulnerable and therefore robust instruments to predict crises are needed. Our model is based on the signals approach developed by Kaminsky, Lizondo and Reinhart (1998) and Kaminsky and Reinhart (1999). The basic idea of the signals approach is to monitor several indicators that tend ...

  9. International Responses to Human Protection Crises: Responsibility to Protect and the Emerging Protection Regime*

    OpenAIRE

    Bellamy, Alex J.

    2015-01-01

    This essay examines contemporary debates about human protection by the UN Security Council and others in response to major humanitarian crises. It argues that there are clear signs of an emerging international human protection regime in the evolving practice of the Security Council and suggests that this regime is based on an accommodation between different moral accounts of humanitarian intervention. The first section examines some of the legal and moral debates that have arisen with respect...

  10. Appui à la relance du ROCARÉ-CI en situation de crise post ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    De son indépendance acquise en 1960 jusqu'en 1999, la Côte d'Ivoire était l'un des pays les plus stables d'Afrique et connaissait un essor économique continu grâce à ses nombreuses richesses naturelles, agricoles en particulier. À partir de 1999, le pays s'est installé dans une longue période de crise politique dont le ...

  11. Identifying Partisan Slant in News Articles and Twitter during Political Crises

    OpenAIRE

    Karamshuk, Dmytro; Lokot, Tetyana; Pryymak, Oleksandr; Sastry, Nishanth

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, we are interested in understanding the interrelationships between mainstream and social media in forming public opinion during mass crises, specifically in regards to how events are framed in the mainstream news and on social networks and to how the language used in those frames may allow to infer political slant and partisanship. We study the lingual choices for political agenda setting in mainstream and social media by analyzing a dataset of more than 40M tweets and more than...

  12. Financial Crises As the Failure of Arbitrage: Implications for Monetary Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Saito, Makoto; Shiratsuka, Shigenori

    2001-01-01

    This paper attempts to view financial crises as the failure of arbitrage among financial markets, and takes the “Japan premium” phenomenon observed in offshore money markets as an important example in favor of this view. In addition, we reconsider, from this perspective, the open market operations conducted by a central bank during a period of financial distress. The paper first derives from the existing theoretical literature several implications regarding how arbitrage among markets is prev...

  13. Financial gradualism and banking crises in North Africa region: an investigation by a panel logit model

    OpenAIRE

    KHATTAB, Ahmed; IHADIYAN, Abid

    2017-01-01

    Abstract. In order to overcome the troubles of the crisis in the seventies, North African countries have adopted financial liberalization policies to enhance their economic growth. Moreover, these policies have affected the stability of their banking systems. The purpose of this study is to test the impact of financial liberalization on the probability of appearance of banking crises which covers a sample of four countries of the North Africa region during the period 1970-2003 by using a pane...

  14. PREDICTABILITY OF FINANCIAL CRISES: TESTING K.R.L. MODEL IN THE CASE OF TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeynep KARACOR

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to test predictability of 2007 Global Economic Crisis which hit Turkey by the help of macroeconomic data of Turkey. K.R.L. model is used to test the predictability. By the method of analyzing various leading early warning indicators, the success of the model in forecasting the crises is surveyed. The findings do not support K.R.L. models. Possible reasons for this are stated at the article.

  15. A crise interna do México e a Gripe Suína

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro dos Santos de Borba

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available

    Desgoverno econômico e narcotráfico põem

    em questão a institucionalidade do Estado Mexicano,

    enquanto a Gripe Suína alardeia a crise interna.

  16. International Reserves Crises, Monetary Integration and the Payments System during the International Gold Standard

    OpenAIRE

    Paula Hernandez-Verme

    2009-01-01

    I model an international payments system with a financial center and periphery to reproduce various aspects of the International Gold Standard. This period was characterized by frequent crises associated with scarce stocks of reserves, high short-term interest rates with subsequent gold inflows and transmission of output contractions across countries. I find that a common international currency and no legal restrictions on exchange help the periphery share reserves with the financial center, ...

  17. Forecasting of magnitude and duration of currency crises based on the analysis of distortions of fractal scaling in exchange rate fluctuations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uritskaya, Olga Y.

    2005-05-01

    Results of fractal stability analysis of daily exchange rate fluctuations of more than 30 floating currencies for a 10-year period are presented. It is shown for the first time that small- and large-scale dynamical instabilities of national monetary systems correlate with deviations of the detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) exponent from the value 1.5 predicted by the efficient market hypothesis. The observed dependence is used for classification of long-term stability of floating exchange rates as well as for revealing various forms of distortion of stable currency dynamics prior to large-scale crises. A normal range of DFA exponents consistent with crisis-free long-term exchange rate fluctuations is determined, and several typical scenarios of unstable currency dynamics with DFA exponents fluctuating beyond the normal range are identified. It is shown that monetary crashes are usually preceded by prolonged periods of abnormal (decreased or increased) DFA exponent, with the after-crash exponent tending to the value 1.5 indicating a more reliable exchange rate dynamics. Statistically significant regression relations (R=0.99, pcurrency crises and the degree of distortion of monofractal patterns of exchange rate dynamics are found. It is demonstrated that the parameters of these relations characterizing small- and large-scale crises are nearly equal, which implies a common instability mechanism underlying these events. The obtained dependences have been used as a basic ingredient of a forecasting technique which provided correct in-sample predictions of monetary crisis magnitude and duration over various time scales. The developed technique can be recommended for real-time monitoring of dynamical stability of floating exchange rate systems and creating advanced early-warning-system models for currency crisis prevention.

  18. What will be Happen with New Mandala Transformation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sevenpri Candra

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Today’s business in airline is getting high. The competitive for pricing and services is getting tight. Each airlines battle to get profit growth. This problem is also feeling by Mandala Airlines. They conduct changing through inside and outside organization. They are reshaping the structure of their business to win the battle. Since mid of 2007, Mandala Airlines doing transformation. Under new management, there are full of confidence to changing. Changing their image into new modern airlines with international standard. What will be happen with New Mandala Transformation? Are they successfully doing transformation and can survive in this competition?

  19. Redes sociais, poder e saúde à luz das classes populares numa conjuntura de crise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Vincent Valla

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available A crise do Estado provedor, provocada pelo processo de globalização, afeta de maneira dramática a relação das classes populares com os serviços de saúde no Brasil. O surgimento de um mundo neo-liberal, concentrador de renda e excludente necessariamente aponta para a construção de um outro mundo, em que a sobrevivência estará íntimamente relacionada com a solidariedade. Se não fosse por essa crise, talvez uma proposta como a do apoio social na área de saúde não chamasse tanto atenção. No entanto, uma vez "aberta a janela" para ver com mais cuidado essa proposta, é possível reconhecer que ela possui legitimidade por seus próprios méritos, e até independe da própria crise. A discussão do apoio social como proposta de educação e saúde abre a perspectiva de abordar uma questão que freqüentemente gera contradições no meio dos mediadores de educação popular: a religiosidade das classes populares. É algo a ser superado com o tempo, ou é parte integrante da cultura popular?

  20. Redes sociais, poder e saúde à luz das classes populares numa conjuntura de crise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor Vincent Valla

    Full Text Available A crise do Estado provedor, provocada pelo processo de globalização, afeta de maneira dramática a relação das classes populares com os serviços de saúde no Brasil. O surgimento de um mundo neo-liberal, concentrador de renda e excludente necessariamente aponta para a construção de um outro mundo, em que a sobrevivência estará íntimamente relacionada com a solidariedade. Se não fosse por essa crise, talvez uma proposta como a do apoio social na área de saúde não chamasse tanto atenção. No entanto, uma vez "aberta a janela" para ver com mais cuidado essa proposta, é possível reconhecer que ela possui legitimidade por seus próprios méritos, e até independe da própria crise. A discussão do apoio social como proposta de educação e saúde abre a perspectiva de abordar uma questão que freqüentemente gera contradições no meio dos mediadores de educação popular: a religiosidade das classes populares. É algo a ser superado com o tempo, ou é parte integrante da cultura popular?

  1. A crise financeira mundial, o estado e a democracia econômica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Real Ferrer

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Os problemas vividos na atualidade, principalmente a grave situação financeira internacional, significam sinal evidente de insuficiência do modelo teórico moderno. Talvez sustentem a própria crise do Estado Constitucional Moderno. Alguns exemplos recentes parecem comprovar tal crise: o complexo de indústrias mundiais de alimentos que arrasa sementes tradicionais acabou por criar uma situação de desequilíbrio alimentar no planeta. Além disso, fatos como  a comercialização mundial do petróleo, o monopólio da comunicação e a realidade virtual manipulável demonstram que a internalização do Poder Público da modernidade provavelmente cederá espaço à transnacionalização desse mesmo Poder Público. Repensar, pois, a Democracia neste momento é fundamental, principalmente em sua vertente transnacional. Todo o mundo “acordado” e afetado pela globalização, faz-se cada vez mais certo que o único poder legítimo é o poder com investidura decidida pela maioria, que se constitui a partir de instrumentos democráticos efetivos. Palavras-chave: Democracia. Transnacionalidade. Estado Constitucional Moderno. Estado Transnacional. Crise Financeira.

  2. Managing urban water crises: adaptive policy responses to drought and flood in Southeast Queensland, Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian W. Head

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this case study, I examine the quality of decision-making under conditions of rapidly evolving urban water crises, and the adaptive policy challenges of building regional resilience in response to both drought and flood. Like other regions of Australia, Southeast Queensland has been subject to substantial cycles of drought and flood. I draw on resilience literature concerning sustainability, together with governance literature on policy change, to explain the changing awareness of urban water crises and the strategic options available for addressing these crises in this case study. The problem of resilience thinking opens up a number of important questions about the efficacy and adaptability of the policy system. The case provides insights into the interplay between the ways in which problems are framed, the knowledge bases required for planning and decision-making, the collaborative governance processes required for managing complex and rapidly evolving issues, and the overall capacity for policy learning over time. Regional resilience was proclaimed as a policy goal by government, but the practices remained largely anchored in traditional technical frameworks. Centralized investment decisions and governance restructures provoked conflict between levels of government, undermining the capacity of stakeholders to create more consensual approaches to problem-solving and limiting the collective learning that could have emerged.

  3. Crise tireotóxica associada à doença trofoblástica gestacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo David de Almeida

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A gonadotrofina coriônica humana (HCG e o hormônio tireotrófico (TSH apresentam analogia entre suas estruturas, assim como seus receptores. Os altos níveis de HCG encontrados nas doenças trofoblásticas gestacionais podem induzir um quadro de hipertireoidismo secundário. O objetivo deste relato é apresentar um caso em que a administração de contraste iodado precipitou um quadro de crise tireotóxica. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente com mola hidatiforme completa foi admitida no centro cirúrgico com sangramento vaginal intenso após realização de tomografia com contraste iodado. Durante indução anestésica, paciente apresentou quadro compatível com crise tireotóxica. CONCLUSÕES: A incidência de quadros graves associados à doença trofoblástica gestacional tende a diminuir com seu diagnóstico precoce. Ainda que isso aconteça, o anestesiologista deve estar atento à possibilidade de crise tireotóxica nesses pacientes.

  4. Crises-induced intermittencies in a coherently driven system of two-level atoms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pando L, C.L.; Perez, G.; Cerdeira, H.A.

    1993-04-01

    We study the coherent dynamics of a thin layer of two-level atoms driven by an external coherent field and a phase conjugated mirror (PCM). Since the variables of the system are defined on the Bloch sphere, the third dimension is provided by the temporal modulation of the Rabi frequencies, which are induced by a PCM which reflects an electric field with a carrier frequency different from the incident one. We show that as the PCM gain coefficient is changed period doubling leading to chaos occurs. We find crises of attractor merging and attractor widening types related to homoclinic and heteroclinic tangencies respectively. For the attractor merging crises we find the critical exponent for the characteristic time of intermittency versus the control parameter which is given by the gain coefficient of the PCM. We show that during the crises of attractor widening type, another crisis due to attractor destruction occurs as the control parameter is changed. The latter is due to the collision of the old attractor with its basin boundary when a new attractor is created. This new attractor is stable only in a very small interval in the neighborhood of this second crisis. (author). 31 refs, 15 figs

  5. Interprofessional intensive care unit team interactions and medical crises: a qualitative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piquette, Dominique; Reeves, Scott; Leblanc, Vicki R

    2009-05-01

    Research has suggested that interprofessional collaboration could improve patient outcomes in the intensive care unit (ICU). Maintaining optimal interprofessional interactions in a setting where unpredictable medical crises occur periodically is however challenging. Our study aimed to investigate the perceptions of ICU health care professionals regarding how acute medical crises affect their team interactions. We conducted 25 semi-structured interviews of ICU nurses, staff physicians, and respiratory therapists. All interviews were audio-taped and transcribed, and the analysis was undertaken using an inductive thematic approach. Our data indicated that the nature of interprofessional interactions changed as teams passed through three key temporal periods around medical crises. During the "pre-crisis period", interactions were based on the mutual respect of each other's expertise. During the "crisis period", hierarchical interactions were expected and a certain lack of civility was tolerated. During the "post-crisis period", divergent perceptions emerged amongst health professionals. Post-crisis team dispersion left the nurses with questions and emotions not expressed by other team members. Nurses believed that systematic interprofessional feedback sessions held immediately after a crisis could address some of their needs. Further research is needed to establish the possible benefits of strategies addressing ICU health care professionals' specific needs for interprofessional feedback after a medical crisis.

  6. Soybean adaptation in Chernobyl area (what happen to soybean if something happen)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hajduch, M.

    2013-01-01

    In this presentation author deals with transfer of cesium-137 and strontium-90 by the soybeans into the seeds and analysis of production of proteins on the contaminated sites of Chernobyl and Fukushima areas. The results indicate that alterations in the proteome include adaptation to heavy metal stress and mobilization of seed storage proteins. The results also suggest that there have been adjustments to carbon metabolism in the cytoplasm and plastids, increased activity of the Krebs tricarboxylic acid cycle, and decreased condensation of malonyl-acyl carrier protein during fatty acid biosynthesis.

  7. The chaotic city: ideology and crise's simulation in urban society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Luiz Barbosa

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo objetiva desenvolver uma reflexão crítica a respeito das atuais mudanças na sociedade e suas implicações na paisagem urbana. Buscamos as possibilidades de entendimento das transformações contemporâneas no espaço urbano e das representações do caos em que se explicita o grande shopping center, no qual o visual da cidade se transformou

  8. A Distributed Architecture for Tsunami Early Warning and Collaborative Decision-support in Crises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moßgraber, J.; Middleton, S.; Hammitzsch, M.; Poslad, S.

    2012-04-01

    The presentation will describe work on the system architecture that is being developed in the EU FP7 project TRIDEC on "Collaborative, Complex and Critical Decision-Support in Evolving Crises". The challenges for a Tsunami Early Warning System (TEWS) are manifold and the success of a system depends crucially on the system's architecture. A modern warning system following a system-of-systems approach has to integrate various components and sub-systems such as different information sources, services and simulation systems. Furthermore, it has to take into account the distributed and collaborative nature of warning systems. In order to create an architecture that supports the whole spectrum of a modern, distributed and collaborative warning system one must deal with multiple challenges. Obviously, one cannot expect to tackle these challenges adequately with a monolithic system or with a single technology. Therefore, a system architecture providing the blueprints to implement the system-of-systems approach has to combine multiple technologies and architectural styles. At the bottom layer it has to reliably integrate a large set of conventional sensors, such as seismic sensors and sensor networks, buoys and tide gauges, and also innovative and unconventional sensors, such as streams of messages from social media services. At the top layer it has to support collaboration on high-level decision processes and facilitates information sharing between organizations. In between, the system has to process all data and integrate information on a semantic level in a timely manner. This complex communication follows an event-driven mechanism allowing events to be published, detected and consumed by various applications within the architecture. Therefore, at the upper layer the event-driven architecture (EDA) aspects are combined with principles of service-oriented architectures (SOA) using standards for communication and data exchange. The most prominent challenges on this layer

  9. A crise do jornalismo: ecos e silêncios nas práticas e nas narrativas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christa Liselote Berger Ramos Kuschick

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Pesquisadores e jornalistas dedicam-se a compreender que tensionamentos abalam o sistema de produção de sentido que até então ostentava certa hegemonia como discurso que representa um presente social de referência (GOMIS, 1999. Este artigo reflete sobre o modo como a crise do jornalismo tem aparecido nos discursos e nas práticas da própria imprensa. A suspeita inicial é a de que a crise configura-se em acontecimento silenciado pela mídia hegemônica. Por outro lado, inevitavelmente ela transparece também nas práticas jornalísticas, uma vez que tem atingido de forma intensa a estrutura de funcionamento das redações. Além disso, tem provocado os jornalistas a reverem suas competências e o campo a transformar - de certo modo - seus pressupostos e modos de fazer. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: crise do jornalismo; práticas; hegemonia; futuro do jornalismo.    ABSTRACT Researchers and journalists are dedicated to understand the tensions that shake the production system of journalism, which has had certain hegemony as social reference speech  (GOMIS, 1999. This article reflects on how the crisis journalism has appeared in speeches and in the press itself practices. The initial suspicion is that the crisis sets in muted event by the mainstream media. Moreover, it inevitably also transpires in newspaper practice, once it has reached the working structure of essays. It has caused journalists to review their skills and transform the field - in a way - their assumptions and ways of doing. KEYWORDS: journalism crisis; practices; hegemony; future of journalism.   RESUMEN Los investigadores y periodistas se dedican a entender las tensiones que sacuden el sistema de producción de sentidos del periodismo que hasta ahora se jactó cierta hegemonia. En este artículo se reflexiona sobre cómo ha aparecido la crisis del periodismo en los discursos y en las prácticas de la prensa. La sospecha inicial es que la crisis ha sido silenciada por los grandes

  10. Nuclear power crises and public opinion: Russian Experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gagarinski, A.Y.

    1998-01-01

    This report presents the state of Russian nuclear power, which provides 13 per cent of the country's electricity production (up to 80 per cent in some large regions) and shows no recession trends, characteristic of the whole Russian economic complex. The report discusses measures taken both for improvement of the safety of operating and future new-generation NPPs, and for improvement of public confidence in them. Also considered are the problems related to both civil power and the military heritage, which are most actively discussed in mass media. This report provides the prognosis for nuclear power and public opinion for the next 10-15 years. (author)

  11. The proliferation of ballistic missiles: an aggravating factor of crises

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rousset, Valery

    2015-01-01

    After a brief recall of the history of the development of ballistic missiles from World War II, the author discusses the various uses of these missiles, on the one hand by major powers, and on the other hand by other countries like Israel, Pakistan and India, and also Egypt and Iraq. He recalls the uses of these missiles during regional conflicts (Scuds by Iraq) and then discusses the issue of proliferation of ballistic missiles. He notices that most of these weapons are present in the arsenal of major powers under the form of intercontinental missiles, intermediate range weapons or theatre weapons. On the Third World side, proliferation concerns short- and medium-range missiles produced from technology transfers or national programmes. Mobile systems are now present in all conflicts (notably Libya, Syria) and are now based on more advanced technologies for propellers as well as for control and guidance systems. In the last part, the author discusses the perspectives associated with these missiles which are a strong offensive weapon, and are also modernised to carry nuclear warheads or multiple warheads. These evolutions could put the western superiority into question again

  12. Oil and gas: crises and controversies. V. 1: global issues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Odell, P.

    2001-11-01

    Oil and gas are the drivers of modern economics and issues relating to them impinge importantly on national and international politics. This first of two volumes of Odell's collected papers and essays charts the sequence of significant developments, over the past 40 years, of this most international of industries. At one level, the book is a work of recent economic history, but an appreciation of the past is essential for proper interpretation of the present, and all the more so, if forecasting is one's trade. For these reasons, this book needs to be on the shelves of all who are professionally concerned with contemporary and/or prospective global oil and gas issues. (author)

  13. Contradição e crise no capitalismo cognitivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Moreno Gálvez

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Na reestruturação do capitalismo que foi produzido nos anos 1970, as novas tecnologias da informação e comunicação tiveram um papel fundamental ao permitir uma utilização intensiva do conhecimento, um papel que podemos rastrear em suas continuidades até os dias atuais. Nas últimas décadas assistimos ao desenvolvimento de uma tensão entre a tendência à privatização, própria do capitalismo cognitivo, e a tendência democratizadora da economia social do conhecimento. O presente artigo trata de analisar tal tensão apontando suas consequências para os modelos de desenvolvimento que entram em disputa no atual contexto global.

  14. Epilepsy in patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures Epilepsia em pacientes com crises não epilépticas psicogênicas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Luiz Marchetti

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of epilepsy in patients who presented psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES. The evaluation was carried out during intensive VEEG monitoring in a diagnostic center for epilepsy in a university hospital. The difficulties involved in reaching this diagnosis are discussed. Ninety-eight patients underwent intensive and prolonged video-electroencephalographic (VEEG monitoring; out of these, a total of 28 patients presented PNES during monitoring. Epilepsy was defined as present when the patient presented epileptic seizures during VEEG monitoring or when, although not presenting epileptic seizures during monitoring, the patient presented unequivocal interictal epileptiform discharges. The frequency of epilepsy in patients with PNES was 50% (14 patients. Our findings suggest that the frequency of epilepsy in patients with PNES is much higher than that of previous studies, and point out the need, at least in some cases, for prolonging the evaluation of patients with PNES who have clinical histories indicating epilepsy.O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a frequência de epilepsia em pacientes que apresentaram crises não epilépticas psicogênicas (CNEP. Isto foi realizado durante monitoração intensiva por video-EEG num centro diagnóstico de epilepsia em um hospital universitário. As dificuldades envolvidas para se chegar a este diagnóstico são discutidas. Noventa e oito pacientes foram submetidos a monitoração intensiva por video-EEG; 28 destes pacientes apresentaram CNEP durante a monitoração. Epilepsia foi considerada presente quando o paciente apresentou crises epilépticas durante a avaliação pelo video-EEG ou quando, apesar da não ocorrência de crises epilépticas durante a avaliação, descargas epilépticas interictais inequívocas estavam presentes. A frequência de epilepsia em pacientes com CNEP foi 50% (14 pacientes. Nossos achados sugerem que a frequência de epilepsia em

  15. Preparedness against power crises in the Nordic countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abelsen, Atle

    2004-01-01

    In the so-called Akureyri declaration the Nordic energy ministers presented their requests and claims to the system operators about supply security and exchange capacity between the countries. Some special issues are grid strengthening, common principles for how to deal with export and import, and a common transmission system operator. The ministers want to make international lines a priority. A common, Nordic grid company is probably not of current interest. Of the transmission system operators, only Statnett (Norway) is ready to consider a supranational perspective. Although the Nordic energy market is the most well-functioning energy market in the world, the ministers are not entirely satisfied and want further improvement. The first step will be to work out organizational models for how the grid operation and system responsibility can be managed by the countries jointly and thus improve the preparedness. The major power customers fear that a power crisis in one country may cause a cascade outage to spread in the neighbouring countries without the authorities being prepared. Experts disagree about the likelihood of a power crisis the next years. However, consumption is increasing much faster than production. After the liberalization of the energy market in 1991, the investments in the physical power system have decreased dramatically

  16. A CRISE DAS IDENTIDADES NA AMÉRICA LATINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas Silva Abreu

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Em 1995, foi publicado o livro “Consumidores e Cidadãos” de Nestor Garcia Canclini. O livro trazia como tema a globalização e o consumo como agentes das transformações ocorridas no processo de elaboração das identidades coletivas no espaço latinoamericano. Tendo este texto como marco histórico-reflexivo, o objetivo do artigo é decifrar quais identidades foram produzidas no continente e entender a construção e negociação destes valores. Com o auxílio de outras obras, as identidades serão descritas tanto no contexto tradicional da modernidade constatadas na formação dos estados, nações e partidos políticos, mas também na ambiência multicultural da pós-modernidade que se fazem presentes nos discursos étnicos, atitudes religiosas e movimentos sociais em diferentes subgrupos. O trabalho pressupõe ainda que rádio, cinema, televisão e mais recentemente as redes de tecnologia e cultura transnacionais são meios que ajudaram a construir e alterar as identidades na região, além de elaborarem imagens e discursos sobre elas.

  17. A CRISE DAS IDENTIDADES NA AMÉRICA LATINA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas Silva Abreu

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Em 1995, foi publicado o livro “Consumidores e Cidadãos” de Nestor Garcia Canclini. O livro trazia como tema a globalização e o consumo como agentes das transformações ocorridas no processo de elaboração das identidades coletivas no espaço latinoamericano. Tendo este texto como marco histórico-reflexivo, o objetivo do artigo é decifrar quais identidades foram produzidas no continente e entender a construção e negociação destes valores. Com o auxílio de outras obras, as identidades serão descritas tanto no contexto tradicional da modernidade constatadas na formação dos estados, nações e partidos políticos, mas também na ambiência multicultural da pós-modernidade que se fazem presentes nos discursos étnicos, atitudes religiosas e movimentos sociais em diferentes subgrupos. O trabalho pressupõe ainda que rádio, cinema, televisão e mais recentemente as redes de tecnologia e cultura transnacionais são meios que ajudaram a construir e alterar as identidades na região, além de elaborarem imagens e discursos sobre elas.

  18. Governo das sociedades, custos de agência e crise financeira: que relação?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina Alexandra Alves Fernandes

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available O debate sobre o governo das sociedades tem ganhado crescente relevo nos meios acadêmico e empresarial desde o fim da década de 1980. Esse maior destaque foi originado por diversos fatores, dos quais se salientam a crise na Ásia, os escândalos financeiros que assolaram grandes empresas cotadas norte-americanas e algumas empresas de auditoria e, mais recentemente, a crise financeira mundial. Embora há muito defendida a necessidade de aperfeiçoar os instrumentos existentes e de descobrir novos mecanismos, de modo a encontrar um sistema de governo das sociedades que minimize os custos de agência, a crise financeira mundial com origem nos EUA veio dar-lhe novo “fôlego”. E, agora, com especial ênfase na banca. Falhas no governo das sociedades, em particular no setor bancário, têm sido apontadas como culpadas pela crise financeira global iniciada em 2007, só comparável à Grande Depressão. Assim, este artigo pretende, em primeiro lugar, apresentar uma caracterização genérica dos mecanismos de governo das sociedades, integrando no estudo os denominados custos de agência e, em seguida, analisar tais mecanismos no setor bancário, estabelecendo uma relação entre eles e a crise financeira. A pesquisa efetuada permite demonstrar a importância dos instrumentos de governo das sociedades na minimização dos custos de agência, nomeadamente no contexto da crise financeira. Ainda que o setor bancário tenha as suas especificidades, a investigação feita indica que existe uma relação entre aqueles instrumentos e a performance dos bancos e que fragilidades no governo das sociedades determinaram em larga medida a crise financeira. 

  19. A crise ucraniana e as Estratégias Nacionais de Defesa dos EUA e da Europa: a volta do hard power?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Fábio Bertonha

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo discute a recente crise na Ucrânia e as implicações em termos estratégicos do choque entre a OTAN, a União Europeia e a Rússia. Mais especificadamente, o texto procura compreender o uso do hard power por parte da Federação russa e como isso pode levar a uma reavaliação da postura idealista da União Europeia no tocante a suas relações internacionais e de sua Estratégia de Defesa. Do mesmo modo, o texto questiona a possibilidade e/ou necessidade de alterações na Estratégia de Defesa nos EUA frente à crise no leste europeu. This article discusses the recent crisis in Ukraine and the strategic implications of the clash between NATO, the European Union and Russia. More specifically, the text seeks to understand the use of the hard power by the Russian Federation during the crisis and how this use can lead to a reassessment of European idealistic approach of international relations and military matters. At the same time, the article discusses the possibility and/or necessity of changes in American military strategies to deal with future problems in Eastern Europe.

  20. Pode a Vigilância em Saúde ser emancipatória? Um pensamento alternativo de alternativas em tempos de crise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Firpo de Souza Porto

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo, na forma de ensaio, é um convite à reflexão sobre o caráter emancipatório da vigilância em/da saúde, um debate interrompido na década de 1990. Em tempos de grave crise política e institucional no Brasil e no ano da 1ª Conferência Nacional de Vigilância em Saúde (1ª CNVS, é estratégico renovar as discussões teóricas e epistemológicas críticas que fundamentaram a trajetória da medicina social latino-americana e da saúde coletiva nos últimos 40 anos. Para isso, baseamo-nos nos pensamentos críticos da modernidade que articulam o capitalismo, o colonialismo (ou a colonialidade e o patriarcalismo como os três pilares da dominação, segundo o sociólogo português Boaventura de Sousa Santos. Em um contexto de crise civilizatória, repensar a emancipação significa atualizar o significado das lutas sociais em seu relacionamento com o conhecimento e as epistemologias desprezadas pela civilização moderna e ainda presentes no Sul Global, seja nos espaços indígenas e camponeses ou nas periferias urbanas.

  1. Probabilistic approach to decision making under uncertainty during volcanic crises. Retrospective analysis of the 2011 eruption of El Hierro, in the Canary Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobradelo, Rosa; Martí, Joan; Kilburn, Christopher; López, Carmen

    2014-05-01

    Understanding the potential evolution of a volcanic crisis is crucial to improving the design of effective mitigation strategies. This is especially the case for volcanoes close to densely-populated regions, where inappropriate decisions may trigger widespread loss of life, economic disruption and public distress. An outstanding goal for improving the management of volcanic crises, therefore, is to develop objective, real-time methodologies for evaluating how an emergency will develop and how scientists communicate with decision makers. Here we present a new model BADEMO (Bayesian Decision Model) that applies a general and flexible, probabilistic approach to managing volcanic crises. The model combines the hazard and risk factors that decision makers need for a holistic analysis of a volcanic crisis. These factors include eruption scenarios and their probabilities of occurrence, the vulnerability of populations and their activities, and the costs of false alarms and failed forecasts. The model can be implemented before an emergency, to identify actions for reducing the vulnerability of a district; during an emergency, to identify the optimum mitigating actions and how these may change as new information is obtained; and after an emergency, to assess the effectiveness of a mitigating response and, from the results, to improve strategies before another crisis occurs. As illustrated by a retrospective analysis of the 2011 eruption of El Hierro, in the Canary Islands, BADEMO provides the basis for quantifying the uncertainty associated with each recommended action as an emergency evolves, and serves as a mechanism for improving communications between scientists and decision makers.

  2. On the troubles happened in nuclear power stations, 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-01-01

    The troubles which happened at the nuclear power stations of Japan in the fiscal year of 1995 are described in this report. The number of troubles in those power stations reported from the corporations of electric industry to Nuclear Safety Commission according to The Law for Regulation of Nuclear Fertile Material, Nuclear Fuel Material and Reactors and Utility Industry Law were 14 in the year and so, the number per reactor was 0.3. The details of the trouble cases were as follows; one and nine cases for automatic and manual shutdowns in operation, respectively and 4 cases found during a down-time of the reactor. But, there was no influence on the environment surrounding those nuclear power stations by the radioactive materials in either of the cases. (M.N.)

  3. A dinâmica familiar no contexto da crise suicida The family dynamics in the context of suicide crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liara Lopes Krüger

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Famílias inseridas no contexto suicida organizam suas relações em torno de histórias opressoras construídas através das gerações, que impedem o desenvolvimento de autonomia e continuidade. Este artigo objetiva pensar sistemicamente sobre a dinâmica familiar da crise gerada pela tentativa de suicídio de um dos seus membros. Neste estudo, seis famílias participaram de uma intervenção breve, desenvolvida com base na teoria sistêmica. Os dados foram analisados com base no Método de Comparação Constante, identificando-se categorias e a construção de hipóteses a respeito da dinâmica familiar no contexto da crise suicida. Os resultados mostram que os participantes estão limitados em sua capacidade de apoiar o desenvolvimento de uma identidade autônoma, porque a dinâmica familiar identifica as novas oportunidades de narrar a si mesmo como ameaça ao sistema de lealdades que mantém a continuidade da família, impedindo a renegociação desses códigos. O sofrimento se apresenta como emoção que limita novas trocas, surgindo o comportamento suicida como alternativa.Families inserted in the suicide context tend to organize their relations around oppressive histories constructed over generations that hinder the development of autonomy and continuity. This paper aims at thinking systematically about the family dynamics of the crisis generated by the suicide attempt of one of its members. In this study, six families participated of a brief intervention developed on the basis of the systemic theory. The Grounded Theory analysis procedures made possible the identification of the categories and the construction of hypotheses regarding the family dynamics within the context of the suicide crisis. The result shows that participants are limited in their capacity of supporting the development of an independent identity because the family dynamics identifies new opportunities of narrating to oneself as a menace to the system of loyalties

  4. Discourses of crises and the European Union as a community without qualities: A view from the literary history

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đerić Gordana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Proceeding from the assumption that meanings and perceptions of social reality are generated by means of public language, or in other words, from the belief that the role of public language is more that of shaping the social reality, rather than description or detection of problems, the authors assume a reserved approach to contemporary discourses on the crises of the European Union. Such approach is explained by the vagueness and deprival of meaning of the term crises, as it is typically used in current political discourses. By pointing out to a loss of the semantic core of the term, caused by its inconsistent usage and longevity of the condition termed 'crisis', they also express doubts concerning its analytical operativeness. In the authors' opinion, this 'profaned' term has become a performative representation of simulation - sort of crisis, which has, either as a justification, necessity or a pretext, created numerous effects in recent years. The assumption that simulation - seen as the absence of the reality rather than its disguise (Jean Baudrillard - represents a leading principle of our age is examined through the concept of continued effect of literature and corroborated by the authors' interpretation of Robert Musil's novel 'Man Without Qualities', as a mythopoetic framework of the analysis and reflections of high art in the contemporary age. In the first part of the text, the authors point out to Musil's poetic anticipation of the direction taken by the European society, that is, the cultural climate and conditions favouring development of man without qualities. In the absence of these qualities and, especially, in preference given to Musil's category 'sense of possibility'over the 'sense of reality', the authors recognise the interpretative basis for the analysis of Community without qualities, as another name for the European Union. From that point of view, which, in addition to loss of specific qualities, also involves deprival of

  5. Corporate Social Responsibility and Social Media Crises - How to ride off a CSR-related shitstorm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerdal-Hjermind, Annette; Schmeltz, Line

    , and the case of the Norwegian chocolate brand Freia is used to illustrate how CSR-related issues are particularly vulnerable and thus potentially responsible for creating a social media crisis. The case furthermore serves to illustrate the importance of social media readiness, responsiveness and not least......This paper aims to explore and offer insights into the phenomenon of social media crises in a CSR-related context by reflexively merging theoretical and case insights (Alvesson & Kärreman, 2007, p. 2011). The phenomenon and the components of a social media crisis are theoretically identified...... strategy and communicative skills during a CSR-related social media crisis....

  6. BLOOD AMMONIA AND GLUTAMINE AS PREDICTORS OF HYPERAMMONEMIC CRISES IN UREA CYCLE DISORDER PATIENTS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Brendan; Diaz, George A.; Rhead, William; Lichter-Konecki, U.; Feigenbaum, Annette; Berry, Susan A.; Le Mons, C.; Bartley, James A; Longo, Nicola; Nagamani, Sandesh C.; Berquist, William; Gallagher, Renata; Bartholomew, Dennis; Harding, Cary O.; Korson, Mark S.; McCandless, Shawn E.; Smith, Wendy; Cederbaum, Stephen; Wong, Derek; Merritt, J. Lawrence; Schulze, A.; Vockley, Gerard.; Kronn, David; Zori, Roberto; Summar, Marshall; Milikien, D.A.; Marino, M.; Coakley, D.F.; Mokhtarani, M.; Scharschmidt, B.F.

    2014-01-01

    Purpose To examine predictors of ammonia exposure and hyperammonemic crises (HAC) in patients with urea cycle disorders (UCDs). Methods The relationships between fasting ammonia, daily ammonia exposure, and HACs were analyzed in >100 UCD patients. Results Fasting ammonia correlated strongly with daily ammonia exposure (r=0.764, p200% (purea nitrogen. Fasting glutamine correlated weakly with AUC0-24 and was not a significant predictor of HACs. Conclusions Fasting ammonia correlates strongly and positively with daily ammonia exposure and with the risk and rate of HACs, suggesting that UCD patients may benefit from tight ammonia control. PMID:25503497

  7. In HOs we trust : how crises affect brand image and trustworthiness in humanitarian organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Diep, Lisa; Stedt, Amanda

    2014-01-01

    During the past five years the Red Cross has been involved in two different internal crises. All of them can be related to trustworthiness and brand image. Why would someone keep donating money to an organization that has been involved in fraud and suspicion of corruption? The purpose of this dissertation is to explore how non-governmental (NGO) and non-profit (NPO) organizations rebuild their brand image and trustworthiness after a crisis. We will look at the problem from both the organizati...

  8. Investimentos estrangeiros em carteiras de ações, crises internacionais e Ibovespa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio André Cunha Callado

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho analisou a relação entre o comportamento do mercado acionário brasileiro, representado pelo Ibovespa, e os fluxos de capitais estrangeiros direcionados para investimentos em carteira de ações, no período posterior à implantação do Plano Real. Ao longo desse período, foram observadas diversas crises financeiras no âmbito internacional que provocaram instabilidade e volatilidade nos fluxos de capitais estrangeiros. Este trabalho considera as influências sistemáticas dessas instabilidades sobre o Ibovespa, especialmente pela capitalização relativamente pequena do mercado brasileiro de ações. A hipótese de mercado eficiente supõe que os preços das ações, e com isso o Ibovespa, seguem um caminho aleatório e não devem estar sujeitos a influências sistemáticas de outros fatores. A hipótese geral do trabalho é que os fluxos de capitais estrangeiros direcionados para o mercado acionário brasileiro influenciam significativamente o Ibovespa. A hipótese especifica que crises internacionais e nacionais influenciam negativamente os fluxos de capitais estrangeiros nesse segmento e com isso o Ibovespa. A justificação para este trabalho é de que essas influências sistemáticas de crises sobre o Ibovespa são um fator sistemático que limita a hipótese de mercado acionário brasileiro eficiente. Foi realizada uma análise empírica com diferentes modelos mostrando que há evidências de influência sistemática dos fluxos de capital estrangeiro em carteira de ações sobre o Ibovespa. Esses achados limitam, de certa forma, a adequação da hipótese de mercado eficiente para o mercado brasileiro de ações. Essa influência sistemática dos fluxos de capital estrangeiro sobre o Ibovespa pode ser um fenômeno restrito no período analisado, refletindo a alta volatilidade dos fluxos de capitais estrangeiros por causa de crises externas e internas.

  9. Nature et souveraineté. Philosophie politique en temps de crise écologique

    OpenAIRE

    Gérard Mairet

    2015-01-01

    L’objet de cet essai est de proposer non certes des solutions pratiques immédiates au problème contemporain de la crise écologique, mais d’élaborer une réflexion théorique par où l’on apercevra l’insuffisance du principe de souveraineté. Au fondement de l’Etat, la souveraineté est gardienne du particularisme des Etats alors qu’une politique universaliste seule (mondiale ou régionale) s’impose face au désordre environnemental. Ainsi, en contrepartie, l’ouvrage dessine le passage d’une politiqu...

  10. Memory’s Fragile Power: Crises of Memory, Identity and Narrative in Contemporary British Novels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birke, Dorothee

    ’s fragile power’ (D. Schacter), in a time when identity formation has come to be seen as an especially precarious endeavour. In particular, it shows how the texts, by employing specifically aesthetic strategies, take up, question and even transform notions about memory and identity. By drawing on concepts......Grath – explore a wide range of different ways in which the identity and memory crises of literary characters are represented. A literary-historical dimension is sketched in chapters on two ‘milestones’ in the representation of memory in the British novel: C. Dickens’ David Copperfield and V. Woolf’s Mrs Dalloway...

  11. Corporate Social Responsibility and Social Media Crises - How to ride off a CSR-related shitstorm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmeltz, Line; Agerdal-Hjermind, Annette

    This paper aims to explore and offer insights into the phenomenon of social media crises in a CSR-related context by reflexively merging theoretical and case insights (Alvesson & Kärreman, 2007, p. 2011). The phenomenon and the components of a social media crisis are theoretically identified, and...... strategy and communicative skills during a CSR-related social media crisis......., and the case of the Norwegian chocolate brand Freia is used to illustrate how CSR-related issues are particularly vulnerable and thus potentially responsible for creating a social media crisis. The case furthermore serves to illustrate the importance of social media readiness, responsiveness and not least...

  12. Technologies numériques et crise environnementale : peut-on croire aux TIC vertes ?

    OpenAIRE

    Flipo , Fabrice; Deltour , François; Gossart , Cédric; Dobré , Michelle; Michot , Marion; Berthet , Laurent

    2009-01-01

    213 p; La prise de conscience d'une crise environnementale majeure ainsi que la numérisation croissante de nos modes de vie constituent deux éléments saillants des transformations actuelles de notre société. Notre étude a pour objectif de mieux comprendre la nature du lien entre ces deux facettes de notre société et questionne les enjeux écologiques des technologies numériques de l'information et de la communication (TNIC). Le terme de " Green IT " ou " TIC vertes " commence à se diffuser, af...

  13. Marcas de luxo em Portugal: o sucesso em contexto de crise económica

    OpenAIRE

    Pereira, Filipa Marques Serra

    2011-01-01

    Mestrado em Marketing “O «Luxury Goods Worldwide Market Study» estima que as vendas globais aumentem 10% este ano, para 191 mil milhões de euros” in Diário Económico 2011/10/23. Portugal não é excepção. Surgem constantemente manchetes de jornais acerca do crescimento de mercado de luxo em contexto de crise. As razões que levam os consumidores a escolherem produtos de luxo são muitas e de diversas dimensões: financeira, funcional, individual e social. Além disso, o luxo hoje em dia pode ...

  14. Crise econômica e retorno dos imigrantes brasileiros em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Nunan

    Full Text Available A crise econômica internacional desencadeada em 2008 produziu enormes efeitos sobre as migrações mundiais. Alguns estudos têm sido dedicados a esta temática. O objetivo deste artigo é refletir e discutir sobre a existência de um possível fluxo de retorno dos imigrantes brasileiros em Portugal ao país de origem. Os resultados desta investigação apontam para uma desaceleração do fluxo de entrada em Portugal, uma propensão significativa ao retorno, mas um volume efetivo de retorno inferior ao que seria teoricamente de esperar.

  15. Splenectomy versus conservative management for acute sequestration crises in people with sickle cell disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owusu-Ofori, Shirley; Remmington, Tracey

    2015-09-07

    Acute splenic sequestration crises are a complication of sickle cell disease, with high mortality rates and frequent recurrence in survivors of first attacks. Splenectomy and blood transfusion, with their consequences, are the mainstay of long-term management used in different parts of the world. This is a 2015 update of a Cochrane review first published in 2002, and previously updated in 2013. To assess whether splenectomy (total or partial), to prevent acute splenic sequestration crises in people with sickle cell disease, improved survival and decreased morbidity in people with sickle cell disease, as compared with regular blood transfusions. We searched the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group Haemoglobinopathies Trials Register, which comprises of references identified from comprehensive electronic database searches and handsearching relevant journals and abstract books of conference proceedings.Additional trials were sought from the reference lists of the trials and reviews identified by the search strategy.Date of the most recent search: 10 June 2015. All randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials comparing splenectomy (total or partial) to prevent recurrence of acute splenic sequestration crises with no treatment or blood transfusions in people with sickle cell disease. No trials of splenectomy for acute splenic sequestration were found. No trials of splenectomy for acute splenic sequestration were found. Splenectomy, if full, will prevent further sequestration and if partial, may reduce the recurrence of acute splenic sequestration crises. However, there is a lack of evidence from trials showing that splenectomy improves survival and decreases morbidity in people with sickle cell disease. There is a need for a well-designed, adequately-powered, randomized controlled trial to assess the benefits and risks of splenectomy compared to transfusion programmes, as a means of improving survival and decreasing mortality from acute splenic

  16. O caminho da revisão legal de contas num contexto de crise financeira

    OpenAIRE

    Claro, Bruno José Duarte Vicente

    2013-01-01

    Atualmente vive-se num clima de austeridade, tanto ao nível pessoal e familiar, como ao nível das empresas e entidades. No que respeita a estas últimas, este contexto de crise financeira veio trazer novos modelos, objetivos e formas de atuar. Envolvido neste novo paradigma, o revisor oficial de contas na sua função de utilidade pública, assume papel de destaque. Dotados de informação privilegiada pelo conhecimento profundo das entidades e dos mercados onde operam, os revisores oficiais de ...

  17. Patrimônios bioculturais na hipermodernidade: a crise dos critérios de autenticidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernandes Corrêa, Alexandre

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article it is intended to analyse episthemological simultaneities which are happening in the field of management of the bio-cultural heritages in contemporary times. The conceptual mutations accomplished in the scopes of genetics and culture place in evidence the deep crisis of the authenticity criteria. That crisis without precedents happens the same time as it is examined thouroughly the political and ethics bewilderment. It seems that time has arrived to set up a new patrimonial prospective in those scopes of knowledge

  18. Stock markets volatility spillovers during financial crises: A DCC-MGARCH with skewed-t density approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dahiru A. Bala

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates stock returns volatility spillovers in emerging and developed markets (DMs using multivariate-GARCH (MGARCH models and their variants. In addition, we analyse the impacts of global financial crisis (2007–2009 on stock market volatility interactions and modify the BEKK-MGARCH-type models by including financial crisis dummies to assess their impact on volatilities and spillovers. Major findings reveal that correlations among emerging markets (EMs are lower compared with correlations among DMs and increase during financial crises. Furthermore, we detect evidence of volatility spillovers and observe that own-volatility spillovers are higher than cross-volatility spillovers for EMs suggesting that shocks have not been substantially transmitted among EMs compared to DMs. We also find significant asymmetric behaviour in DMs while weak evidence is detected for EMs. Finally, the DCC-with-skewed-t density model provided improved diagnostics compared to other models partly due to its taking into account fat tails and skewed features often present in financial returns.

  19. Number and viability of parasite influence seizure frequency in children with neurocysticercosis Número e viabilidade do parasita influenciam a frequência de crises epilépticas em crianças com neurocisticercose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisiane S. Ferreira

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the relationship between CT findings - number and the viability phase of the parasites - and the seizure frequency in children with neurocysticercosis before and short-term after antiepileptic drug (AED introduction. We only found a significant interaction between stage of parasitic infection and number of lesions on seizure frequency after AED treatment. Patients with more than five lesions on active or transitional stages had higher seizure frequency predicting a worse short-term prognosis.No presente estudo, investigou-se a relação entre os achados tomográficos - número e estágio de viabilidade dos parasitas - e a frequência de crises epilépticas em crianças com neurocisticercose antes e logo após a introdução do tratamento com drogas antiepilépticas. Encontramos que a interação entre o estágio do parasita e o número de lesões influenciam significativamente a frequência de crises somente após o tratamento. Pacientes com mais do que cinco lesões em fase ativa ou transicional tiveram maior frequência de crises predizendo um pior prognóstico.

  20. Delivery presentations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pregnancy - delivery presentation; Labor - delivery presentation; Occiput posterior; Occiput anterior; Brow presentation ... The mother can walk, rock, and try different delivery positions during labor to help encourage the baby ...

  1. A Crise Hídrica na Região Metropolitana de São Paulo (2014-2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanderli Custódio

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo sobre a crise hídrica na Região Metropolitana de São Paulo entre os anos 2014-2015, objetiva caracterizá-la e situá-la num contexto temporal mais amplo. Com apoio bibliográfico se intenta demonstrar que essa não é uma crise nova e sim uma nova fase de uma crise secular pela frágil gestão e planejamento no abastecimento de água para São Paulo por parte do Poder Público, bem como evidenciar que as medidas estruturais (obras e não estruturais (programas, legislação etc. possuem histórico caráter emergencial. Como resultado espera-se contribuir para o enriquecimento da abordagem da problemática.

  2. Crises and Collective Socio-Economic Phenomena: Simple Models and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouchaud, Jean-Philippe

    2013-05-01

    Financial and economic history is strewn with bubbles and crashes, booms and busts, crises and upheavals of all sorts. Understanding the origin of these events is arguably one of the most important problems in economic theory. In this paper, we review recent efforts to include heterogeneities and interactions in models of decision. We argue that the so-called Random Field Ising model ( rfim) provides a unifying framework to account for many collective socio-economic phenomena that lead to sudden ruptures and crises. We discuss different models that can capture potentially destabilizing self-referential feedback loops, induced either by herding, i.e. reference to peers, or trending, i.e. reference to the past, and that account for some of the phenomenology missing in the standard models. We discuss some empirically testable predictions of these models, for example robust signatures of rfim-like herding effects, or the logarithmic decay of spatial correlations of voting patterns. One of the most striking result, inspired by statistical physics methods, is that Adam Smith's invisible hand can fail badly at solving simple coordination problems. We also insist on the issue of time-scales, that can be extremely long in some cases, and prevent socially optimal equilibria from being reached. As a theoretical challenge, the study of so-called "detailed-balance" violating decision rules is needed to decide whether conclusions based on current models (that all assume detailed-balance) are indeed robust and generic.

  3. A crise e suas fronteiras: oito meses de "mensalão" nos editoriais dos jornais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Felipe Miguel

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Com certa freqüência, a imprensa é acusada de "incendiária", alimentando as crises políticas, de forma irresponsável, na busca por melhores manchetes. A partir da análise de editoriais dos três principais jornais da imprensa brasileira entre maio e dezembro de 2005, meses do escândalo do "mensalão", este artigo observa outra faceta: como a crise é constituída como "desvio" a ser corrigido pela punição ou exclusão de determinados atores e comportamentos, impedindo que se coloque em questão os fundamentos do regime político.Press is frequently accused of being "incendiary", nourishing political crisis in an irresponsible way, in search of better headlines. This article relies on an analysis of editorial stuff of the three leading Brazilian newspapers to observe another facet: how the crisis is constituted as a "deviation" something to be corrected by punishment or exclusion of certain actors and kinds of behavior. Thus, the foundations of the political system are never put in question.

  4. Sowing Resilience and Contestation in Times of Crises: The Case of Urban Gardening Movements in Barcelona

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Camps-Calvet

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Urban gardens have been observed to multiply in response to crises. However, the meaning and motivations behind the emergence of gardening movements varies greatly over space and time. In this paper we argue that bottom up urban gardening initiatives taking place in Southern European countries in form of land occupation and communalization represent forms of resistance that enhance social cohesion and collective action in times of need. Specifically, this research examines the role of urban gardens in (i building community resilience and (ii articulating forms of resistance and contestation to development pressure and commodified urban lifestyles. Our research is based on data collected among 27 urban gardening initiatives in Barcelona, Spain, including 13 self-governed community gardens and 14 public gardens. Data were collected from semi-structured interviews with gardeners and with staff from the Barcelona City Council. Our results show mechanisms through which urban gardens can contribute to build resilience by nurturing social and ecological diversity, generating and transmitting local ecological knowledge, and by creating opportunities for collective action and self-organization. We further examine collectively managed gardens as urban commons that emerge as a form of resistance to the privatization of public urban space, and that offer opportunities to experiment with new models of urban lifestyles. We show how gardening initiatives can be seen to represent an emerging form of urban green commons that provides a suitable ground to ‘sow’ resilience and contestation in times of crises and socio-ecological deterioration.

  5. COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVES IN ECONOMIC CRISES GEOGRAPHY. ECONOMIC STRATEGIES IN EU COUNTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roxana Maria Grecu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The strategies for structural-systemic crisis management have generated, to a geographical level, a number of differences between EU countries. These cleavages are the result of differentialmacroeconomic policies. In this context, this article has the aim of achieving a comparative approach between countries of the south, west and east of the EU space. Also our approach is focused on observing the nature of macroeconomic policies and also on identifying a "pattern" associated with a common ideal -type of "rational choice" in the efficient and effective management of systemic crises. This article aims to identify areas of growth and economic stability of a particular model of public policy and political-economic ideology, to set up a mechanism for "economic engineering”. From the methodological point of view, this article uses a quantitativemethodology, derived from mathematical analysis, statistics and stochastic, in order to explain, understand and predict the possible evolution of the systemic crises in the EU countries. The interest lies in the possibility of giving a model of macroeconomic policy for the adjustment of inflationist imbalances, labor market and pricepolicy, and also in regulating the equation of production-consumption.

  6. Confronting ecological futures: global environmental crises in contemporary survival quests for young adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yvonne Hammer

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines representations of societal concern in the futuristic ecological disaster fictions of three British authors: Julie Bertagna (Exodus; Zenith, Jan Mark (Riding Tycho; Voyager and Marcus Sedgwick Floodland. The depicted refugee journeys in these futuristic worlds speak into a growing global disquiet that surrounds current historic events. Environmental crises that ground the emergent world orders of depicted future societies set the scene in each coming of age frame: each survival quest embeds social and cultural issues recognisable to contemporary audiences in futuristic representations of changed world orders, limited resources, and isolated communities. Authors resist the mythic frame of a traditional quest journey − a call to journey, the engagement with growth through a road of trials and then celebrations in a return to home territory: their conclusions offer limited resolutions, the struggle to survive entrenched as a linear path. Because authors link depictions of the refugee subject with environmental degradation, apocalyptic scenarios that signify the devastating consequences of global environmental crises provide an ecocritical platform from which each author situates a discourse of protest. Interrogating contemporary political positions of ambiguity and denial their novels profile social justice issues experienced by refugee populations in contemporary society.

  7. Linear and nonlinear market correlations: Characterizing financial crises and portfolio optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haluszczynski, Alexander; Laut, Ingo; Modest, Heike; Räth, Christoph

    2017-12-01

    Pearson correlation and mutual information-based complex networks of the day-to-day returns of U.S. S&P500 stocks between 1985 and 2015 have been constructed to investigate the mutual dependencies of the stocks and their nature. We show that both networks detect qualitative differences especially during (recent) turbulent market periods, thus indicating strongly fluctuating interconnections between the stocks of different companies in changing economic environments. A measure for the strength of nonlinear dependencies is derived using surrogate data and leads to interesting observations during periods of financial market crises. In contrast to the expectation that dependencies reduce mainly to linear correlations during crises, we show that (at least in the 2008 crisis) nonlinear effects are significantly increasing. It turns out that the concept of centrality within a network could potentially be used as some kind of an early warning indicator for abnormal market behavior as we demonstrate with the example of the 2008 subprime mortgage crisis. Finally, we apply a Markowitz mean variance portfolio optimization and integrate the measure of nonlinear dependencies to scale the investment exposure. This leads to significant outperformance as compared to a fully invested portfolio.

  8. Finite-time singularities in the dynamics of Mexican financial crises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez-Ramirez, Jose; Ibarra-Valdez, Carlos

    2004-01-01

    Historically, symptoms of Mexican financial crises have been strongly reflected in the dynamics of the Mexican peso to the dollar exchange currency market. Specifically, in the Mexican financial crises during 1990's, the peso suffered significant depreciation processes, which has important impacts in the macro- and micro-economical environment. In this paper, it is shown that the peso depreciation growth was greater than an exponential and that these growth rates are compatible with a spontaneous singularity occurring at a critical time, which signals an abrupt transition to new dynamical conditions. As in the major 1990's financial crisis in 1994-1995, some control actions (e.g., increasing the USA dollar supply) are commonly taken to decelerate the degree of abruptness of peso depreciation. Implications of these control actions on the crisis dynamics are discussed. Interestingly, by means of a simple model, it is demonstrated that the time at which the control actions begin to apply is critical to moderate the adverse effects of the financial crisis.

  9. Gestão do turismo em tempos de crises e vulnerabilidades

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinthya Pinheiro Costa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available As constantes crises de ordem econômica, política, social, ambiental tem acometido diversos países e afetam diretamente a gestão do turismo. Na busca pela superação das adversidades, as organizações e gestores que apresentam características resilientes tendem a preservar e restaurar suas estruturas e funções essenciais após os eventos perturbadores. Desta forma, com vistas a compor um documento de apoio para os debates sobre a gestão do turismo em tempos de crise e em situações de vulnerabilidade, se realizou um levantamento bibliográfico e eletrônico para identificar textos científicos e também de organismos internacionais que clarificassem os conceitos da resiliência e sua utilização no turismo. É preciso: a perseguir as indicações do Tourism Resilience Committee para mitigação de riscos relacionados ao turismo; b diagnosticar a capacidade resiliente de um gestor do turismo (metodologia SOBRARE visando desenvolver características capazes de tornar os sujeitos mais preparados para enfrentar e superar as adversidades; c incorporar no processo de planejamento e gestão de cidades turísticas as indicações da Campanha da ONU para tornar as cidades resilientes.

  10. Individual’s Resistance to Social Crises is Acquired in Childhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burvytė Sigita

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: the development of person’s resistance to crises. The aim of the study is to revealthe importance of childhood experience to the person, by acquiring resistance to crises; theneed of pedagogical help in overcoming adaptation difficulties of the first-year pupil at school.The analysis of pedagogical, psychological, philosophical literature; the analysis of empiricalresearch and statistic data; as well as the method of observation were used in the current study.Though 60 percent of preparation possibilities for life are realised until the beginning of the firstgrade, the analysis of various authors’ research, quantitative analysis and observation of firstyearpupils in the schools of Vilnius, allow us to conclude that the main reason for a difficultadaptation of first-year pupils is the prevailing belief, that individuals’ preparation for life beginsat school. Educational system is based on rendering of the knowledge rather than the developmentof thinking ability and universal recognition of the environment. Inactivated brain during infancyand early childhood reduces the possibility of mastering information provided at school, andusing it in life. Family is the basis, which provides the feeling of safety, which instils real values,which creates the conditions of developing resistance to social changes, and various adaptationalskills, which are particularly necessary in the contemporary changing society. Extra attentionshould be paid to the education of parents and preparation for responsible parenthood.

  11. Role of Social Media and Networking in Volcanic Crises and Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sennert, S.; Klemetti, E. W.; Bird, D. K.

    2016-12-01

    The growth of social media as a primary and often preferred news source has led to the rapid dissemination of information about volcanic eruptions and potential volcanic crises as they begin, evolve, and end. This information comes from a variety of sources: news organisations, emergency management personnel, individuals (both members of the public and official representatives), and volcano monitoring agencies. Once posted, this information is easily shared, increasing the reach to a much broader population than more traditional forms of media, such as radio and newspapers. The onset and popularity of social media as a vehicle for dissemination of eruption information points toward the need to systematically incorporate social media into the official channels that volcano observatories use to distribute activity statements, forecasts, and images. We explore two examples of projects that collect/disseminate information regarding volcanic crises and eruptive activity via social media sources; the Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report (WVAR), which summarizes new and on-going volcanic activity globally and on a weekly basis, and Eruptions, a blog that discusses eruptions as well as other volcanic topics. Based on these experiences, recommendations are made to volcanic observatories in relation to the use of social media as a communication tool. These recommendations include: using social media as a two-way dialogue to communicate and receive information directly from the public and other sources; stating that the social media account is from an official source; and posting types of information that users want to see such as images, videos, and figures.

  12. Os portugueses no discurso mediático europeu: as notícias sobre a crise financeira

    OpenAIRE

    Szeremeta, Irina Veríssimo; Aires, Luísa

    2015-01-01

    O discurso dos media tem uma grande importância na construção da imagem do Outro e, por consequência, influencia as relações interculturais. Neste estudo, procurou-se analisar o discurso de cinco jornais europeus para caraterizar Portugal na crise financeira de 2011. Para a consecução deste objetivo, foram analisados 25 artigos sobre a crise portuguesa, publicados em 5 jornais de diferentes países europeus. Nas notícias estudadas, os Portugueses são associados a atributos pouco valorizados na...

  13. The Emperor Dom Pedro II: his convulsive seizures when a boy O imperador Dom Pedro II: as suas crises convulsivas quando menino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleide da Mota Gomes

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Dom Pedro II, the Prince Heir and Emperor under regency, in a delicate period of the construction of the Brazilian nation, had convulsive seizures. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the convulsive seizures and related syndromes of Dom Pedro II and his family, besides the physicians in charge of the health care. METHOD: Narrative review based on primary and secondary sources. CONCLUSION: The scattered and self-limited convulsive seizures associated with physical and mental integrity favored a benign prognosis. Dom Pedro and his family presented rich history of epileptic seizures and febrile convulsion. This variety resembles the diagnosis of generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus that seems to be a combination of several syndromes with shared genetic susceptibility.INTRODUÇÃO: Dom Pedro, o príncipe herdeiro e imperador sob regência, em período delicado da formação da nação brasileira, apresentou crises convulsivas que geraram preocupação para o país. OBJETIVO: Investigar a história da epilepsia de Dom Pedro II e da sua família e procurar identificar quais tipos de crises epilépticas estavam presentes, além dos médicos envolvidos com os cuidados de saúde. MÉTODO: Revisão narrativa baseada em fontes primárias e secundárias. CONCLUSÃO: As crises convulsivas esparsas e auto-limitadas associadas a higidez física e mental de Dom Pedro II sugerem um prognóstico benigno. A história de epilepsia idiopática e convulsões febris no imperador e em outros membros da sua família aponta para o diagnóstico mais provável de Epilepsia Generalizada com Convulsões Febris Plus que é determinada por uma combinação de alguns tipos de manifestações epilépticas com suscetibilidade genética compartilhada.

  14. A Numeric Scorecard Assessing the Mental Health Preparedness for Large-Scale Crises at College and University Campuses: A Delphi Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgin, Rick A.

    2012-01-01

    Large-scale crises continue to surprise, overwhelm, and shatter college and university campuses. While the devastation to physical plants and persons is often evident and is addressed with crisis management plans, the number of emotional casualties left in the wake of these large-scale crises may not be apparent and are often not addressed with…

  15. Towards a European Division of Labour : Do Europe’s Crises Highlight Structural Challenges to Sustainable Economic Growth in the Eurozone?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scholten, D.J.; Scholten, M.

    2014-01-01

    The financial and economic crises of the last few years in many Southern Eurozone countries are generally studied individually, without reference to other such crises in the region. In this note, we argue that they may also be approached as symptoms of an underlying structural challenge facing the

  16. 43 CFR 30.128 - What happens if an error in BIA's estate inventory is alleged?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What happens if an error in BIA's estate... INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Judicial Authority and Duties § 30.128 What happens if an error in BIA's estate inventory is alleged? This section applies when, during a probate proceeding, an interested...

  17. 12 CFR 563b.435 - What happens to my corporate existence after conversion?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What happens to my corporate existence after... What happens to my corporate existence after conversion? Your corporate existence will continue following your conversion, unless you convert to a state-chartered stock savings association and state law...

  18. 40 CFR 141.561 - What happens if my system's turbidity monitoring equipment fails?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What happens if my system's turbidity... Disinfection-Systems Serving Fewer Than 10,000 People Individual Filter Turbidity Requirements § 141.561 What happens if my system's turbidity monitoring equipment fails? If there is a failure in the continuous...

  19. 29 CFR 37.84 - What happens if CRC does not have jurisdiction over a complaint?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true What happens if CRC does not have jurisdiction over a complaint? 37.84 Section 37.84 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor IMPLEMENTATION OF THE... Procedures § 37.84 What happens if CRC does not have jurisdiction over a complaint? If CRC does not have...

  20. 40 CFR 1045.415 - What happens if in-use engines do not meet requirements?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What happens if in-use engines do not... VESSELS In-Use Testing § 1045.415 What happens if in-use engines do not meet requirements? (a) Determine... families showing that you designed them to exceed the minimum requirements for controlling emissions. We...

  1. 40 CFR 1048.415 - What happens if in-use engines do not meet requirements?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 32 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What happens if in-use engines do not... Testing In-use Engines § 1048.415 What happens if in-use engines do not meet requirements? (a) Determine... families showing that you designed them to exceed the minimum requirements for controlling emissions. We...

  2. 49 CFR 385.319 - What happens after completion of the safety audit?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What happens after completion of the safety audit... REGULATIONS SAFETY FITNESS PROCEDURES New Entrant Safety Assurance Program § 385.319 What happens after completion of the safety audit? (a) Upon completion of the safety audit, the auditor will review the findings...

  3. 40 CFR 62.14645 - What happens during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 8 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What happens during periods of startup... Limits § 62.14645 What happens during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction? (a) The emission limitations and operating limits apply at all times except during periods of CISWI unit startup, shutdown, or...

  4. 40 CFR 60.2120 - What happens during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What happens during periods of startup... 1, 2001 Emission Limitations and Operating Limits § 60.2120 What happens during periods of startup... during CISWI unit startups, shutdowns, or malfunctions. (b) Each malfunction must last no longer than 3...

  5. 40 CFR 60.2685 - What happens during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What happens during periods of startup... happens during periods of startup, shutdown, and malfunction? (a) The emission limitations and operating limits apply at all times except during CISWI unit startups, shutdowns, or malfunctions. (b) Each...

  6. 30 CFR 203.66 - What happens if MMS does not act in the time allowed?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Relief for Pre-Act Deep Water Leases and for Development and Expansion Projects § 203.66 What happens if MMS does not act in the time allowed? If we do not act within the timeframes established under § 203... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What happens if MMS does not act in the time...

  7. 25 CFR 170.407 - What happens to unobligated planning funds?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What happens to unobligated planning funds? 170.407... RESERVATION ROADS PROGRAM Planning, Design, and Construction of Indian Reservation Roads Program Facilities Transportation Planning § 170.407 What happens to unobligated planning funds? Once all tribal governments...

  8. Disasters can happen to anybody: The case of Korea

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ha, Kyoo-Man

    2016-01-01

    In Korea, there is a pervasive feeling of invincibility to the point that people and organizations do not believe that disasters can strike them. This has impact on the level of preparedness for disasters. This study aims to delve into how Korea has to change its governmental policies/practices with some private partners' efforts to mitigate disaster risks. A case study was utilized as the major methodology by comparing exclusive management with inclusive management. These two approaches have been comparatively analyzed via four variables, namely the central government, the local governments, the incident commander, and other stakeholders. The major finding is that Korea's practices and policies have to evolve from the current exclusive management into future-oriented inclusive management. Moreover, the importance of communication, cooperation, collaboration, and multi-discipline coordination is discussed. Additionally, the problem of reductionism and equal participation among all stakeholders, as well as the resistance from vested interests, are recognized and elaborated for Korea and the international community. - Highlights: • Only a few stakeholders in Korea believe that disaster can happen to anyone. This study aims to delve into how Korea has to change its current practices to mitigate disaster risks. • To compare exclusive management with inclusive management, we have examined four comparative variables, namely the central government's policy, local government's strategy, the incident commander's post, and other stakeholders' efforts. • The major finding is that Korea's practices and policies have to evolve from the current exclusive management into future-oriented inclusive management.

  9. Disasters can happen to anybody: The case of Korea

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ha, Kyoo-Man, E-mail: ha1999@hotmail.com

    2016-02-15

    In Korea, there is a pervasive feeling of invincibility to the point that people and organizations do not believe that disasters can strike them. This has impact on the level of preparedness for disasters. This study aims to delve into how Korea has to change its governmental policies/practices with some private partners' efforts to mitigate disaster risks. A case study was utilized as the major methodology by comparing exclusive management with inclusive management. These two approaches have been comparatively analyzed via four variables, namely the central government, the local governments, the incident commander, and other stakeholders. The major finding is that Korea's practices and policies have to evolve from the current exclusive management into future-oriented inclusive management. Moreover, the importance of communication, cooperation, collaboration, and multi-discipline coordination is discussed. Additionally, the problem of reductionism and equal participation among all stakeholders, as well as the resistance from vested interests, are recognized and elaborated for Korea and the international community. - Highlights: • Only a few stakeholders in Korea believe that disaster can happen to anyone. This study aims to delve into how Korea has to change its current practices to mitigate disaster risks. • To compare exclusive management with inclusive management, we have examined four comparative variables, namely the central government's policy, local government's strategy, the incident commander's post, and other stakeholders' efforts. • The major finding is that Korea's practices and policies have to evolve from the current exclusive management into future-oriented inclusive management.

  10. Psicose, família e crise : inserções psicanalíticas em um serviço multidisciplinar

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Cristina Martins

    2015-01-01

    Este trabalho teve por objetivo mostrar algumas formas de inserção da psicanálise no Grupo de Intervenção Precoce nas Primeiras Crises do Tipo Psicótico (GIPSI). Através da perspectiva metodológica de estudo de caso, o próprio grupo foi tomado como objeto de pesquisa. Como contribuição mais detida, o presente estudo traz o olhar sobre o indivíduo a partir de eixos norteadores da patologia, nos quais se elaboram hipóteses clínicas como organizadas em torno da economia, da tópica e da dinâmica ...

  11. A Lógica Do Ilógico: Crise De Identidade E Construção Ficcional Em Teatro, De Bernardo Carvalho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emerson Silvestre

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo visa a realizar uma leitura crítica do romance Teatro, de Bernardo Carvalho, com o intuito de observar a construção da ficcionalidade do texto manipulando estudos acerca da Estética do Efeito, de Iser, o fenômeno da crise de identidade sugerido pelos Estudos Culturais, bem como alguns apontamentos referentes à Teoria Queer no que diz respeito à discursividade na construção identitária de gênero e corpo. Nosso esforço também converge para um diálogo entre a moderna Teoria da Literatura e os Estudos Culturais buscando subsídios que reforcem nossa perspectiva de leitura do romance em questão e oriente a discussão entre os dois campos de estudos.

  12. Things begin to happen around Supernova 1987A

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-01-01

    On 23 February 1994, it will be exactly seven years since the explosion of Supernova 1987A in the Large Magellanic Cloud [1] was first observed, at a distance of approx. 160,000 light-years. It was the first naked-eye supernova to be seen in almost four hundred years. Few events in modern astronomy have met with such an enthusiastic response by the scientists and this famous object has been under constant surveillance ever since. After several years of relative quiescence, things are now beginning to happen in the immediate neighbourhood of SN 1987A. Recent observations with the ESO 3.5 m New Technology Telescope (NTT) indicate that interaction between the stellar material which was ejected during the explosion and the surrounding ring-shaped nebulae has started. This signals the beginning of a more active phase during which the supernova is likely to display a number of new and interesting phenomena, never before observed. SEVEN YEARS IN THE LIFE OF A SUPERNOVA After brightening to maximum light at about magnitude 3 a few months after the explosion, the long period of steady fading which is typical for supernovae, set in by mid-1987. The matter ejected by the explosion took the form of an expanding fireball, which began to spread through the nearly empty space around the supernova with a velocity of almost 10,000 km/sec. As it cooled, the temperature and therefore the total brightness decreased and the supernova became fainter and fainter. At the present moment, the magnitude of SN 1987A is about 18.5, that is almost 2 million times fainter than it was at maximum. Various phenomena have been observed around SN 1987A during the past years. Already in early 1988, light echoes were seen as concentric, slowly expanding luminous circles; they represent the reflections of the explosion light flash in interstellar clouds inside the Large Magellanic Cloud, between the supernova and us. In 1989, high-resolution observations with the NTT showed an elliptical ``ring

  13. The fusion reactor wall is getting hot. A challenge towards the future for numerical modelling (4). Chap. 4. What is really happening in the wall?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Murata, Isao; Konno, Chikara

    2008-01-01

    In fusion plasmas, a lot of fast neutrons with a kinetic energy of 14 MeV are generated through D-T fusion reactions. These neutrons travel deep into the first wall and are absorbed in the blanket through nuclear reactions. In the present chapter, the authors discuss what happens in the blanket with the help of computerized simulation. (T.I.)

  14. What adaptation to research is needed following crises: a comparative, qualitative study of the health workforce in Sierra Leone and Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raven, Joanna; Baral, Sushil; Wurie, Haja; Witter, Sophie; Samai, Mohamed; Paudel, Pravin; Subedi, Hom Nath; Martineau, Tim; Elsey, Helen; Theobald, Sally

    2018-02-07

    Health workers are critical to the performance of health systems; yet, evidence about their coping strategies and support needs during and post crisis is lacking. There is very limited discussion about how research teams should respond when unexpected crises occur during on-going research. This paper critically presents the approaches and findings of two health systems research projects that explored and evaluated health worker performance and were adapted during crises, and provides lessons learnt on re-orientating research when the unexpected occurs. Health systems research was adapted post crisis to assess health workers' experiences and coping strategies. Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with 14 health workers in a heavily affected earthquake district in Nepal and 25 frontline health workers in four districts in Ebola-affected Sierra Leone. All data were transcribed and analysed using the framework approach, which included developing coding frameworks for each study, applying the frameworks, developing charts and describing the themes. A second layer of analysis included analysis across the two contexts, whereas a third layer involved the research teams reflecting on the approaches used to adapt the research during these crises and what was learned as individuals and research teams. In Sierra Leone, health workers were heavily stigmatised by the epidemic, leading to a breakdown of trust. Coping strategies included finding renewed purpose in continuing to serve their community, peer and family support (in some cases), and religion. In Nepal, individual determination, a sense of responsibility to the community and professional duty compelled staff to stay or return to their workplace. The research teams had trusting relationships with policy-makers and practitioners, which brought credibility and legitimacy to the change of research direction as well as the relationships to maximise the opportunity for findings to inform practice. In both contexts

  15. Lessons learned from accident simulation exercises and their implications for operation of the IPSN Centre Technique de Crise

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Manesse, D.; Ney, J.; Crabol, B.; Ginot, P.

    1990-01-01

    The Centre Technique de Crise (CTC) of the Institut de Protection et de Surete Nucleaire (IPSN) has an important role to play in the event of an accident at a nuclear installation of Electricite de France (EdF) concerning diagnosis of the situation and forecasting its evolution. For this purpose the CTS is organized into various groups; only that responsible for the evaluation of the radiological consequences is considered in the present paper. Since the beginning of the eighties numerous simulations of nuclear accidents have been organized both by the public authorities and by the nuclear operators. These exercises, of growing complexity, are distinguished according to the type of installation concerned, the scenario (with and without a simulator), the equipment involved, the participants (local and national officials), the accident phase used (at the time of the accident or post-accident), the use of actual or pre-determined meteorological conditions etc.. Different combinations are imposed as a function of the specific aims of each exercise. Numerous lessons have been drawn progressively from these very varied exercises for the operation of the CTC and, in particular, of the Radiological Consequences Group. The principal Lessons concern: development of calculation and mapping tools, specific liaison with the national meteorological services, modification of the centre's facilities, composition of the team and definition of the role of each of its members, improved liaison with the Site Evaluation Group and the provision of appropriate documentation. The need for continuous training of duty teams in the form of presentations and exercises has also been confirmed

  16. Lecture Presentations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The Heavy-Ion Collisions in the LHC workshop held in Cracow from 18 to 18 May 2007. The main subject of the workshop was to present the newest results of research provided at CERN LHC collider. Additionally some theoretical models and methods used for presented data analysis were discussed

  17. CATCHY PRESENTATIONS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Kaare; Tollestrup, Christian; Ovesen, Nis

    2011-01-01

    An important competence for designers is the ability to communicate and present ideas and proposals for customers, partners, investors and colleagues. The Pecha Kucha principle, developed by Astrid Klein and Mark Dytham, has become a widely used and easy format for the presentation of new concepts...

  18. Crises cambiais e financeiras: uma comparação entre América Latina e Leste Asiático Financial and currency crises: comparing Latin America and East Asia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dante Mendes Aldrighi

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo investiga as fontes de vulnerabilidade e o grau de severidade das crises cambiais e financeiras na América Latina e no Leste Asiático. Evidências obtidas a partir de um conjunto de indicadores calculados por país e por região para cada ano entre 1990 e 2004 sugerem que as economias do Leste Asiático eram potencialmente mais vulneráveis em aspectos relacionados ao setor bancário, enquanto as fragilidades das economias latino-americanas concentravam-se nos desequilíbrios fiscais e nas transações correntes do balanço de pagamentos. Por sua vez, estimativas do grau de severidade das crises mostram que, embora atenuadas na crise asiática de 1997-1998, as diferenças regionais persistiam.This article focuses on the sources of vulnerability to currency and financial crises as well as on their degree of severity in Latin American and East Asian economies. Evidence based on a number of indicators reckoned for each country and for each region for every year over the period 1990-2004 suggests that the East Asian economies were potentially more vulnerable to troubles in the banking sector, while Latin American economies' weaknesses seem to be concentrated on fiscal and current account imbalances. Furthermore, the severity crisis indicators point out that there still remained regional contrasts, lessened only during the 1997-1998 Asian crises.

  19. Commonalities in liquidity within size-based portfolios: What do we learn from the Asian and Russian financial crises?

    OpenAIRE

    Petitjean, Mikael; Beaupain, Renaud; Dauginet, Stéphanie

    2009-01-01

    Using data for 300 stocks listed quoted on the NYSE, we show that commonalities in liquidity within a given portfolio are dependent upon the market capitalization of the stocks that are included in the portfolio. We also show that financial crises have an impact on liquidity co-movements. This impact varies with the market capitalization of the stocks included in the portfolio.

  20. Building joint capacity: the role of European Union agencies in the management of trans-boundary crises

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boin, A.; Busuioc, M.; Groenleer, M.

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on the growing role of European Union (EU) agencies in the management of trans-boundary crises. It makes this development explicit, demonstrating that the emergence of multiple agencies with specific crisis preparation or response tasks has transformed the EU’s crisis management

  1. Financial crises as catalysts for regional cooperation? Chances and obstacles for financial integration in ASEAN+3, MERCOSUR and the eurozone

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krapohl, S.

    2015-01-01

    This article compares and analyses the different answers from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations+3 (ASEAN+3), Mercado Común del Dur (MERCOSUR) and the eurozone on financial crises in their respective regions. All three regions were hit by economic turmoil between 1997 and 2012, but whereas

  2. Losses Loom Longer Than Gains : Modeling the Impact of Service Crises on Perceived Service Quality over Time

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gijsenberg, Maarten J.; van Heerde, Harald J.; Verhoef, Peter C.

    2015-01-01

    Service providers sometimes face mass service failures. These problems occur across service industries, ranging from severe Internet outages to severe delays for airlines or trains. A key question that has not been addressed in the literature is: how do service crises impact perceived service

  3. Signos, significados e práticas de manejo da crise em Centros de Atenção Psicossocial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Lima

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo discutimos significados atribuídos pelos familiares e profissionais às situações de crise em saúde mental e suas relações com as tecnologias empregadas no cuidado de usuários de CAPS na Bahia e em Sergipe. Inspiramo-nos no modelo teórico-metodológico de Sistema de signos, significados e práticas, utilizando técnicas qualitativas de pesquisa. Organizamos os dados em duas categorias: os signos e significados de crise; as estratégias e as dificuldades no seu cuidado. Observamos que não há muita diferença entre as concepções de profissionais e familiares acerca da crise e que os significados negativos suplantam os positivos, evocando os conceitos de sujeição à doença, incapacidade de interação social racional e periculosidade do doente. Dois aspectos são importantes no manejo da crise: sua imprevisibilidade e sua inscrição na história da pessoa. Para contornar as dificuldades nesse manejo, é necessário investir nas tecnologias leve-duras e leves, pautadas em vínculos duradouros e na intensificação de cuidados.

  4. The Effect of Monetary Policy on Exchange Rates during Currency Crises; The Role of Debt, Institutions and Financial Openness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.C.W. Eijffinger (Sylvester); B. Goderis

    2007-01-01

    textabstractThis paper examines the effect of monetary policy on the exchange rate during currency crises. Using data for a number of crisis episodes between 1986 and 2004, we find strong evidence that raising the interest rate: (i) has larger adverse balance sheet effects and is therefore less

  5. A saúde pública brasileira no contexto da crise do Estado ou do capitalismo?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Áquilas Mendes

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar a tendência da saúde publica universal brasileira no contexto da crise estrutural do capitalismo, articulando os interesses do capital e do Estado, sem que seja possível se referir à uma crise do Estado Moderno. Para tanto, o artigo está organizado em duas partes. A primeira parte busca analisar a natureza da crise, identificando tendências do desenvolvimento do capitalismo, principalmente nas últimas décadas do século XX e na primeira década do século XXI, com destaque para a lei marxiana da queda tendencial da taxa de lucro e a dominância do capital portador de juros. A segunda parte discute os impactos dessa crise ao direito universal da saúde no Brasil, especialmente, a partir dos anos 1990, confirmando as incertezas do financiamento do SUS e o crescente movimento de apropriação do capital sobre os recursos das políticas sociais de direitos, as da seguridade social, especialmente a saúde. Por fim, são apresentadas as considerações finais, incluindo algumas propostas para enfrentar esse quadro de instabilidade e subfinanciamento desse sistema de saúde.

  6. The silent victims of humanitarian crises and livelihood (in)security: a case study among migrants in two Chadian towns

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Djindil, N.S.; Bruijn, de M.

    2009-01-01

    Once a humanitarian disaster receives coverage in the global media, the international community usually mobilises to reduce the most severe consequences. However people in Chad are experiencing endemic crises that are detached from speci!c triggers, and they are not receiving any international

  7. Signos, significados e práticas de manejo da crise em Centros de Atenção Psicossocial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mônica Lima

    Full Text Available Neste artigo discutimos significados atribuídos pelos familiares e profissionais às situações de crise em saúde mental e suas relações com as tecnologias empregadas no cuidado de usuários de CAPS na Bahia e em Sergipe. Inspiramo-nos no modelo teórico-metodológico de Sistema de signos, significados e práticas, utilizando técnicas qualitativas de pesquisa. Organizamos os dados em duas categorias: os signos e significados de crise; as estratégias e as dificuldades no seu cuidado. Observamos que não há muita diferença entre as concepções de profissionais e familiares acerca da crise e que os significados negativos suplantam os positivos, evocando os conceitos de sujeição à doença, incapacidade de interação social racional e periculosidade do doente. Dois aspectos são importantes no manejo da crise: sua imprevisibilidade e sua inscrição na história da pessoa. Para contornar as dificuldades nesse manejo, é necessário investir nas tecnologias leve-duras e leves, pautadas em vínculos duradouros e na intensificação de cuidados.

  8. The Effect of Monetary Policy on Exchange Rates During Currency Crises : The Role of Debt, Institutions and Financial Openness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijffinger, S.C.W.; Goderis, B.V.G.

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the effect of monetary policy on the exchange rate during currency crises. Using data for a number of crisis episodes between 1986 and 2004, we find strong evidence that raising the interest rate: (i) has larger adverse balance sheet effects and is therefore less effective in

  9. Marketing research on product-harm crises : A review, managerial implications, and an agenda for future research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cleeren, K.; Dekimpe, Marnik; van Heerde, H.J.

    A product-harm crisis is a discrete event in which products are found to be defective and therefore dangerous to at least part of the product’s customer base. Product-harm crises are not only dangerous for consumers; they also represent a major threat to the reputation and equity of brands or

  10. Workshop presentations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sanden, Per-Olof; Edland, Anne; Reiersen, Craig; Mullins, Peter; Ingemarsson, Karl-Fredrik; Bouchard, Andre; Watts, Germaine; Johnstone, John; Hollnagel, Erik; Ramberg, Patric; Reiman, Teemu

    2009-01-01

    An important part of the workshop was a series of invited presentations. The presentations were intended to both provide the participants with an understanding of various organisational approaches and activities as well as to stimulate the exchange of ideas during the small group discussion sessions. The presentation subjects ranged from current organisational regulations and licensee activities to new organisational research and the benefits of viewing organisations from a different perspective. There were more than a dozen invited presentations. The initial set of presentations gave the participants an overview of the background, structure, and aims of the workshop. This included a short presentation on the results from the regulatory responses to the pre-workshop survey. Representatives from four countries (Sweden, Canada, Finland, and the United Kingdom) expanded upon their survey responses with detailed presentations on both regulatory and licensee safety-related organisational activities in their countries. There were also presentations on new research concerning how to evaluate safety critical organisations and on a resilience engineering perspective to safety critical organisations. Below is the list of the presentations, the slides of which being available in Appendix 2: 1 - Workshop Welcome (Per-Olof Sanden); 2 - CSNI Working Group on Human and Organisational Factors (Craig Reiersen); 3 - Regulatory expectations on justification of suitability of licensee organisational structures, resources and competencies (Anne Edland); 4 - Justifying the suitability of licensee organisational structures, resources and competencies (Karl-Fredrik Ingemarsson); 5 - Nuclear Organisational Suitability in Canada (Andre Bouchard); 6 - Designing and Resourcing for Safety and Effectiveness (Germaine Watts); 7 - Organisational Suitability - What do you need and how do you know that you've got it? (Craig Reiersen); 8 - Suitability of Organisations - UK Regulator's View (Peter

  11. Paul Jorion, Vers la crise du capitalisme américain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Dubar

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Paul Jorion est un anthropologue qui s’est donné comme objet de recherche le capitalisme financier américain et sa crise. Le fait n’est pas courant : passer au cours de sa carrière de chercheur de l’étude des paludiers français et de l’apprentissage de leur métier (cf. Delbos et Jorion, La transmission des savoirs, Ed. de la MSH, 1984 à l’analyse du système financier américain suppose à la fois une grande curiosité intellectuelle et une grande flexibilité mentale. L’ouvrage dont il est ici q...

  12. Organizational collaborative capacity in fighting pandemic crises: a literature review from the public management perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Allen Y

    2012-01-01

    Collaborative capacity serves for organizations as the capacity to collaborate with other network players. Organizational capacity matters as collaboration outcomes usually go beyond single-shot implementation efforts or a single-minded focus on either the vertical dimension of program or the horizontal component. This review article explores organizational collaborative capacities from the perspective of public management, in particular, network theory. By applying the 5 attributes of network theory-interdependence, membership, resources, information, and learning-to the explanation of collaborative capacity in fighting pandemic crises, I argue in some ways organizational collaborative capacity is very much like an organization in its own right. Studying collaborative capacity in the battle against pandemics facilitate our understanding of multisectoral collaboration in technical, political, and institutional dimensions, and greatly advances the richness of capacity vocabulary in pandemic response and preparedness.

  13. When Health Diplomacy Serves Foreign Policy: Use of Soft Power to Quell Conflict and Crises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosseini Divkolaye, Nasim Sadat; Radfar, Mohammad Hadi; Seighali, Fariba; Burkle, Frederick M

    2016-10-01

    Health diplomacy has increasingly become a crucial element in forging political neutrality and conflict resolution and the World Health Organization has strongly encouraged its use. Global turmoil has heightened, especially in the Middle East, and with it, political, religious, and cultural differences have become major reasons to incite crises. The authors cite the example of the human stampede and the deaths of over 2000 pilgrims during the 2015 annual Haj pilgrimage in Mecca. The resulting political conflict between Iran and Saudi Arabia had the potential to escalate into a more severe political and military crisis had it not been for the ministers of health from both countries successfully exercising "soft power" options. Global health security demands critical health diplomacy skills and training for all health providers. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2016;page 1 of 4).

  14. [Emotional deprivation and narcissistic regulation--development and treatment of depressive crises in children and adolescents].

    Science.gov (United States)

    du Bois, Reinmar

    2007-01-01

    This paper outlines developmental and treatment issues of depression in childhood and adolescence. Impairment of parental empathy based on emotional disturbances of a parent leads to adaptive reactions as the child is confronted with threats of loss and separation. Hereditary vulnerability as well as insecure attachment patterns and the effects of explicit trauma must be viewed as further facilitating factors. Anxiety in children and--with the advent of adolescence--suicidal behaviour are described as important tools for narcissistic regulation and reconciliation and for mobilising help. Accordingly the last section of the paper is dedicated to therapeutic approaches to adolescent despair, depression, risk taking and suicidal behaviour. Guiding suicidal adolescents out of their crises can be a tightrope walk between attempts to limit life threatening acting-out behaviours, leniency toward the patients' grandiosity along with sensitivity for narcissistic injuries and the building of a viable narcissistic transference.

  15. The environmental and the ethical and moral crises according to the Laudato si’ encyclical

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anor Sganzerla

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Faced with the disorderly way of conceiving life in the current model of political and economic development, which has compromised our common home due to the depredation of all forms of life in the biosphere, and in light of the moral and ethical crisis of our time that has fostered a culture of relativism, disposability and immediacy, this reflection aims to analyze how Pope Francis connects the environmental crisis with the ethical and moral crisis in his Laudato si’ encyclical. Pope Francis believes that we do not live in a time of several crises but rather one complex crisis which is both social and environmental which is the external manifestation of the ethical and moral, cultural and spiritual crisis of humanity. The cry for help of the Earth is inseparable from that of the poor, so only an integral ecology can help heal fundamental human relationships.

  16. TYPICAL BANKING CRISES INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AND WAYS TO OVERCOME THEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Gr. IONESCU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available International financial environment is characterized as consisting of free trade and especially from the free movement of the capital on the financial markets, so very favourable, which also led to the rapid development of global financial markets. We lack the ability to keep the peace (silence for to counter the excesses of the financial markets. Without this ability, the global economy is exposed to the collapse. Financial capital enjoys a privileged position. He is more mobile than other factors of production and even more mobile than direct investment. Yet crises must be overcome. To support the arguments of this paper, we use a flexible methodology, starting from simple to complex, from theoretical to practical, from principle, to particularly, adding, specialty practice examples, from the international sphere, convinced that work-international banking must be healthy, able to generate profitable and dynamic business environments, safe for entrepreneurs and bankers, but also ordinary people.

  17. Mechanism for boundary crises in quasiperiodically forced period-doubling systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Sang-Yoon; Lim, Woochang

    2005-01-01

    We investigate the mechanism for boundary crises in the quasiperiodically forced logistic map which is a representative model for quasiperiodically forced period-doubling systems. For small quasiperiodic forcing ε, a chaotic attractor disappears suddenly via a 'standard' boundary crisis when it collides with the smooth unstable torus. However, when passing a threshold value of ε, a basin boundary metamorphosis occurs, and then the smooth unstable torus is no longer accessible from the interior of the basin of the attractor. For this case, using the rational approximations to the quasiperiodic forcing, it is shown that a nonchaotic attractor (smooth torus or strange nonchaotic attractor) as well as a chaotic attractor is destroyed abruptly through a new type of boundary crisis when it collides with an invariant 'ring-shaped' unstable set which has no counterpart in the unforced case

  18. Policies and institutions for moderating deep recessions, debt crises and financial instabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O’Hara Phillip Anthony

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines a long-term policy and institutional framework for reducing the intensity of recessions, debt crises and financial instabilities, especially for the Core nations and areas that bore the brunt of the anomalies during 2008-2013. We argue that institutional changes need to be systemic, amounting to the construction of a new social structure of accumulation (SSA or mode of regulation (MOR, which we call an SSA of embedded communitarian liberalism. Five institutional spheres are introduced which are in need of systemic change, due to the entrenched contradictions and problems which the current set of institutions generate. These involve firstly institutions within the world-system of finance and production; secondly relating to finance versus industry; thirdly capital versus labor; fourthly state systems of production; and fifthly the interlinking of state, community and ecology.

  19. Mechanism for boundary crises in quasiperiodically forced period-doubling systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sang-Yoon [Department of Physics, Kangwon National University, Chunchon, Kangwon-Do 200-701 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: sykim@kangwon.ac.kr; Lim, Woochang [Department of Physics, Kangwon National University, Chunchon, Kangwon-Do 200-701 (Korea, Republic of)]. E-mail: wclim@kwnu.kangwon.ac.kr

    2005-01-10

    We investigate the mechanism for boundary crises in the quasiperiodically forced logistic map which is a representative model for quasiperiodically forced period-doubling systems. For small quasiperiodic forcing {epsilon}, a chaotic attractor disappears suddenly via a 'standard' boundary crisis when it collides with the smooth unstable torus. However, when passing a threshold value of {epsilon}, a basin boundary metamorphosis occurs, and then the smooth unstable torus is no longer accessible from the interior of the basin of the attractor. For this case, using the rational approximations to the quasiperiodic forcing, it is shown that a nonchaotic attractor (smooth torus or strange nonchaotic attractor) as well as a chaotic attractor is destroyed abruptly through a new type of boundary crisis when it collides with an invariant 'ring-shaped' unstable set which has no counterpart in the unforced case.

  20. Teoria da Regulação e Crise do Fordismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Bottega de Lima

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the crisis of Fordism, based on the theory of crises elaborated by Regulation Theory, also addressing the origins and foundations of this school. In the context of the end of the years of vigorous capitalist growth in the 1970s, the Regulation School emerged as a new stream of economic thought, building an analysis of the process and dynamics of capitalist accumulation. In particular, this school was consolidated in the economic theory from the elaboration of its theory of crisis. Thus, it provided alternative interpretations of the 1970s’ crisis, countering the explanations of traditional economic theory, by considering crisis as an endogenous phenomenon. Starting from this proposition to understand the crisis of Fordism, a theory with broad explanatory potential was found, from whose study a broader understanding of economic phenomena can be obtained.

  1. A América Latina na crise mundial Latin America in the global crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Singer

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A integração comercial e financeira global fortaleceu a classe capitalista em relação ao proletariado em cada país ao permitir às transnacionais deslocar suas empresas para países em que o custo da mão de obra é menor. A crise colheu a América Latina pela fuga das divisas fortes, extinção do crédito externo e queda das exportações, das inversões estrangeiras e das remessas dos emigrados. A crise se generaliza com as demissões em massa, a difusão do pânico que faz o crédito encolher, derrubando as vendas de bens de maior valor e os investimentos. Os governos do Primeiro Mundo trataram de resgatar os seus bancos falidos, comprando parte do seu capital ou sua totalidade com recursos do Tesouro. No Brasil, o governo faz que os bancos públicos estendam o crédito aos setores abandonados pelos bancos privados e baixem os juros que cobram. Os governos latino-americanos estimulam o mercado interno a absorver a produção que não enontra mais compradores no exterior mediante redistribuição da renda e aumento do investimento público. Nos últimos seis anos, os emergentes cresceram 50%, enquanto os industrializados cresceram apenas 10%, o que ampliou o número de nações cuja coordenação é indispensável para que a crise mundial possa ser domada do G-7 para o G-20. Uma das lições da crise é que, em lugar da globalização financeira, o povo de cada país deve ter o direito de decidir como seu excedente social deve ser administrado. A guarda do dinheiro do público e o seu empréstimo a investidores e consumidores devem ser reservados ao poder público e a entidades associativas sem fins de lucro.Global commercial and financial integration has strengthened the capitalist class in comparison with the proletariat around the globe as it permitted multinationals to relocate their companies to countries in which the cost of the labor force was lower. The crisis reached Latin America through the flight of capital, disappearance of

  2. CERN presentations

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2011-01-01

    Presentation by CERN (10 minutes each) Rolf Landua - Education and Outreach Salvatore Mele - Open Access Jean-Yves Le Meur - Digital Library in Africa Francois Fluckiger - Open Source/Standards (tbc) Tim Smith - Open Data for Science Tullio Basiglia - tbc

  3. Delivery presentations

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... has entered the pelvis. If the presenting part lies above the ischial spines, the station is reported ... M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health ...

  4. Information Presentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holden, K.L.; Boyer, J.L.; Sandor, A.; Thompson, S.G.; McCann, R.S.; Begault, D.R.; Adelstein, B.D.; Beutter, B.R.; Stone, L.S.

    2009-01-01

    The goal of the Information Presentation Directed Research Project (DRP) is to address design questions related to the presentation of information to the crew. The major areas of work, or subtasks, within this DRP are: 1) Displays, 2) Controls, 3) Electronic Procedures and Fault Management, and 4) Human Performance Modeling. This DRP is a collaborative effort between researchers at Johnson Space Center and Ames Research Center.

  5. PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF SPOUSE’S EXPERIENCE OF SOME FAMILY CRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valeriya Anatolyevna Ivanchenko

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available By this research authors tried to find any psychological features of spouse’s experience of some normative family crises. 24 married couples from Novosibirsk, aged 20 to 41 years, take a part in this research. There were 8 couples at the «Childless couple stage» and 16 couples at the stage «Family with young children».Purpose is an identifying of psychological characteristics of some normative family’s crisesMethodology based on using of psychodiagnostic testing with Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scale III (FACES III, test of Role expectations of partners (N.Volkova, test of  the interaction of the spouses in a conflict situation (Yu.E.Aleshina, L.Ya.Gozman, E.M.Dubovskaya and method of mathematical statistics with the Spearman rank criterion and the non- parametric Mann-Whitney U test.Results describe some psychological characteristics of spouses at the «Childless couple stage» and at the stage «Family with young children», include difference between men and women in this experience. The most important at the «Childless couple stage» is an attitude to expression of jealousy. If the family endures the crisis, spouses have an active negative reaction on an expression of jealousy. At the stage «Family with young children» at the forefront there are money disagreements, which prove an existence of family crisis from our point of view.   Practical implications are in the area of practical and scientific activity of family psychologists.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-7-14

  6. A Economia Brasileira Diante da Crise Mundial: Fragilidades e Perspectivas de Crescimento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Matias-Pereira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo, apoiado nos principais indicadores da economia global e nacional, é promover uma análise dos efeitos da crise mundial e as perspectivas de crescimento da economia brasileira no período de 2013-2015. O referencial teórico está apoiado nas Teorias Keynesiana, Neoinstitucionalista e das Finanças Públicas. Trata-se de um artigo bibliográfico, descritivo e qualitativo, cujas discussões estão baseadas nas projeções contidas nos relatórios das principais instituições multilaterais e nacionais brasileiras, em especial nas variáveis econômicas mais relevantes como o crescimento da economia mundial, do comportamento do nível de emprego e da inflação. Os resultados das discussões, a partir das análises dos documentos citados, evidenciam que a crise econômica mundial continua impactando de forma preocupante na maioria dos países, em especial, dos países membros da Zona do Euro e Estados Unidos, e que o desempenho da economia brasileira deverá crescer num ritmo menor nos próximos anos. Essas constatações permite concluir que se faz necessário a definição de um diagnóstico consistente para o Brasil, que permita uma mudança estrutural no potencial de expansão da economia do país, em especial, preparando de forma mais adequada o seu ambiente macro e microeconômico.

  7. Evidence on the Effectiveness of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH Interventions on Health Outcomes in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Ramesh

    Full Text Available Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH interventions are amongst the most crucial in humanitarian crises, although the impact of the different WASH interventions on health outcomes remains unclear.To examine the quantity and quality of evidence on WASH interventions on health outcomes in humanitarian crises, as well as evaluate current evidence on their effectiveness against health outcomes in these contexts.A systematic literature review was conducted of primary and grey quantitative literature on WASH interventions measured against health outcomes in humanitarian crises occurring from 1980-2014. Populations of interest were those in resident in humanitarian settings, with a focus on acute crisis and early recovery stages of humanitarian crises in low and middle-income countries. Interventions of interest were WASH-related, while outcomes of interest were health-related. Study quality was assessed via STROBE/CONSORT criteria. Results were analyzed descriptively, and PRISMA reporting was followed.Of 3963 studies initially retrieved, only 6 published studies measured a statistically significant change in health outcome as a result of a WASH intervention. All 6 studies employed point-of-use (POU water quality interventions, with 50% using safe water storage (SWS and 35% using household water treatment (HWT. All 6 studies used self-reported diarrhea outcomes, 2 studies also reported laboratory confirmed outcomes, and 2 studies reported health treatment outcomes (e.g. clinical admissions. 1 study measured WASH intervention success in relation to both health and water quality outcomes; 1 study recorded uptake (use of soap as well as health outcomes. 2 studies were unblinded randomized-controlled trials, while 4 were uncontrolled longitudinal studies. 2 studies were graded as providing high quality evidence; 3 studies provided moderate and 1 study low quality evidence.The current evidence base on the impact of WASH interventions on health outcomes in

  8. Evidence on the Effectiveness of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Interventions on Health Outcomes in Humanitarian Crises: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramesh, Anita; Blanchet, Karl; Ensink, Jeroen H J; Roberts, Bayard

    2015-01-01

    Water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions are amongst the most crucial in humanitarian crises, although the impact of the different WASH interventions on health outcomes remains unclear. To examine the quantity and quality of evidence on WASH interventions on health outcomes in humanitarian crises, as well as evaluate current evidence on their effectiveness against health outcomes in these contexts. A systematic literature review was conducted of primary and grey quantitative literature on WASH interventions measured against health outcomes in humanitarian crises occurring from 1980-2014. Populations of interest were those in resident in humanitarian settings, with a focus on acute crisis and early recovery stages of humanitarian crises in low and middle-income countries. Interventions of interest were WASH-related, while outcomes of interest were health-related. Study quality was assessed via STROBE/CONSORT criteria. Results were analyzed descriptively, and PRISMA reporting was followed. Of 3963 studies initially retrieved, only 6 published studies measured a statistically significant change in health outcome as a result of a WASH intervention. All 6 studies employed point-of-use (POU) water quality interventions, with 50% using safe water storage (SWS) and 35% using household water treatment (HWT). All 6 studies used self-reported diarrhea outcomes, 2 studies also reported laboratory confirmed outcomes, and 2 studies reported health treatment outcomes (e.g. clinical admissions). 1 study measured WASH intervention success in relation to both health and water quality outcomes; 1 study recorded uptake (use of soap) as well as health outcomes. 2 studies were unblinded randomized-controlled trials, while 4 were uncontrolled longitudinal studies. 2 studies were graded as providing high quality evidence; 3 studies provided moderate and 1 study low quality evidence. The current evidence base on the impact of WASH interventions on health outcomes in humanitarian

  9. Regional Resilience of the Ural Federal District in Economic Shocks and Crises: Medico-Demographic and Environmental Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Alengordovich Korobitsyn

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Health, demographic and environmental consequences of 1998 and 2008 economic crises for the Ural Federal District are considered in the paper. Regional resilience is defined as the ability of a regional socio-economic system to withstand, absorb or overcome an internal or external economic shock. The quantitative analysis of regional resilience of the subject entities of the Ural Federal District is based on two interrelated dimensions: resistance, those are the vulnerability or sensitivity of a regional socio-economic system to disturbances and disruptions; and the speed and extend of recovery from such a disruption. Because resilience as a concept captures resistance to the shock and recovery from it, resistance indexes and recovery indexes are used for assessing the impact of regions to recessionary shocks. Three sets of resilience indicators were used: economic, environmental and medico-demographic ones. The main criteria for selecting resilience indicators were their robustness as a measure of the territorial impact of the economic crisis and availability of long time series. Special attention is paid to the question identification of the qualitative and quantitative factors, which form the territorial characteristics enabling some regions to resist, or move out of, economic downturn more effectively than others. Unfortunately, a valid answer to the question why some regions are more able to withstand an economic downturn than others, or are able to recover faster, cannot be given at present. Resilience to an economic shock does not necessarily imply that the economy is otherwise strong and performing well over the longer-term. Regions that experience strong economic growth prior to a shock may appear to be less resilient. Such components of the regional socio-economic system as reserves of natural resources, sectoral structure of regional economy, skills of population, diversified economy and quality of governance do not define uniquely

  10. Voting Present

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Lo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available During his time as a state senator in Illinois, Barack Obama voted “Present” 129 times, a deliberate act of nonvoting that subsequently became an important campaign issue during the 2008 presidential elections. In this article, I examine the use of Present votes in the Illinois state senate. I find evidence that Present votes can largely be characterized as protest votes used as a legislative tool by the minority party. Incorporating information from Present votes into a Bayesian polytomous item-response model, I find that this information increases the efficiency of ideal point estimates by approximately 35%. There is little evidence of significant moderation by Obama when Present votes are accounted for, though my results suggest that Obama’s voting record may have moderated significantly before his subsequent election to the U.S. Senate. My results also suggest that because legislative nonvoting may occur for a variety of reasons, naive inclusion of nonvoting behavior into vote choice models may lead to biased results.

  11. Lecture Presentations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2008-01-01

    The Symposium on Physics of Elementary Interactions in the LHC Era held in Warsaw from 21 to 22 April 2008. The main subject of the workshop was to present the progress in CERN LHC collider project. Additionally some satellite activities in field of education, knowledge and technology transfer in the frame of CERN - Poland cooperation were shown

  12. Presentation Technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Froejmark, M.

    1992-10-01

    The report presents a wide, easily understandable description of presentation technique and man-machine communication. General fundamentals for the man-machine interface are illustrated, and the factors that affect the interface are described. A model is presented for describing the operators work situation, based on three different levels in the operators behaviour. The operator reacts routinely in the face of simple, known problems, and reacts in accordance with predetermined plans in the face of more complex, recognizable problems. Deep fundamental knowledge is necessary for truly complex questions. Today's technical status and future development have been studied. In the future, the operator interface will be based on standard software. Functions such as zooming, integration of video pictures, and sound reproduction will become common. Video walls may be expected to come into use in situations in which several persons simultaneously need access to the same information. A summary of the fundamental rules for the design of good picture ergonomics and design requirements for control rooms are included in the report. In conclusion, the report describes a presentation technique within the Distribution Automation and Demand Side Management area and analyses the know-how requirements within Vattenfall. If different systems are integrated, such as geographical information systems and operation monitoring systems, strict demands are made on the expertise of the users for achieving a user-friendly technique which is matched to the needs of the human being. (3 figs.)

  13. Technical presentation

    CERN Document Server

    FI Department

    2008-01-01

    RADIOSPARES, the leading catalogue distributor of components (electronic, electrical, automation, etc.) and industrial supplies will be at CERN on Friday 3 October 2008 (Main Building, Room B, from 9.00 a.m. to 3.00 p.m.) to introduce its new 2008/2009 catalogue. This will be the opportunity for us to present our complete range of products in more detail: 400 000 part numbers available on our web site (Radiospares France, RS International, extended range of components from other manufacturers); our new services: quotations, search for products not included in the catalogue, SBP products (Small Batch Production: packaging in quantities adapted to customers’ requirements); partnership with our focus manufacturers; demonstration of the on-line purchasing tool implemented on our web site in conjunction with CERN. RADIOSPARES will be accompanied by representatives of FLUKE and TYCO ELECTRONICS, who will make presentations, demonstrate materials and answer any technical questio...

  14. A desintegração do sistema patriarcal expressa pela crise no romance burguês = The disintegration of patriarchal system expressed by the bourgeois novel's crisis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Pimenta Attie

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A Era Moderna é marcada por uma grande revolução na estrutura econômica, política e social, principalmente devido ao surgimento da burguesia. Esta traz o romance burguês como uma nova maneira de expressar seus desejos e conflitos. Neste artigo será discutido o sistema patriarcal, item estrutural no âmbito do pensamento burguês. O foco estará na sua paulatina dissolução, que corresponde a um dos sinais da crise do romance burguês, no plano literário – lembrando que a palavra crise também pode ser entendida como transformação. Para ilustrar essa revolução literária, em grande parte empreendida pelas mulheres, será analisado o romance To The Lighthouse, da inglesa Virginia Woolf. Nesse romance, em que aparentemente nada de importante acontece, a narrativa está marcada pelo fluxo de consciência, com predominância do monólogo interior indireto, tempo psicológico e uso de intertextualidade, o que permite uma nova forma de construção do sentido, fundamentado na dicotomia entre vida e morte. A desintegração da estrutura patriarcal será vista a partir da relação de poder entre o ‘chefe de família’ e sua esposa. Para realizar esse percurso será feita também uma reflexão sobre a condição da mulher enquanto artista.The Modern Era is marked by a great revolution in the economic, political and social structure, mainly on account of the sprouting of bourgeoisie, which brings the Bourgeois Novel as a new way to express their feelings and conflicts. In this article, one of the bourgeois characteristics, the patriarchal system, will be discussed. However, the focus will be on its dissolution, which is one evidence of the bourgeois novel's crisis. The word 'crisis' can also be understood as transformation. Thus, in order to illustrate this literary revolution undertaken by women, this article analyses To The Lighthouse, by Virginia Woolf. In this novel, it seems that nothing important happens. However the Stream of

  15. Performance of European Industry of Logistics Services Before and After Economic Crises in the Years 2008/2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beti Godnič

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: In this article we examined the impact of economic crises in the years 2008/2009 on the logistics industry in old member states EU-15 and the new EU member states. The emergence of the economic crisis in 2008/2009 when the states of the old members of EU-15 and new EU member states were the first time subjected to the effects of the crisis inside the single entity-the European Union. Research question: The basic research question is: Were implications of economic crises in the years 2008/2009 in logistics industry in heterogenic states of European Union; old member states EU-15 and the new EU member states different? Purpose:We wanted to determine how the logistics companys in old member States EU (15 and in the new EU member states adapt to the new circumstances caused by economic crises in the years 2008/2009. Method: Economic crises are complex multifunctional phenomenon. Analysing complexity of the changes of the state of economic system need to supplement the pure scientific approach with other types of research work, more holistic approach, which is commonly used in Comparative economics. In this article we combine both. In empirical part we used appropriate parametric and non-parametric tests of differences between old and new member states of the European Union. We used Pearson's chi-squared test (Pearson, 1900, p. 157-175. Results: In the article we studied changes ocured by economic crises in the years 2008/2009 in the European logistics industry. We found that the logistics companies in the old EU member states EU-15 and in the new EU member states differently adapt to the implications of economic crises in the years 2008/2009. EU hasn’t adopted and implemented the harmonised economic policy, which will solve the »North-South« problem in logistics industry and find a way to operate systemically in global environment. Organization: The findings can be used to support undestanding of changed bussines envirnment of the

  16. Crisis Reliability Indicators Supporting Emergency Services (CRISES): A Framework for Developing Performance Measures for Behavioral Health Crisis and Psychiatric Emergency Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balfour, Margaret E; Tanner, Kathleen; Jurica, Paul J; Rhoads, Richard; Carson, Chris A

    2016-01-01

    Crisis and emergency psychiatric services are an integral part of the healthcare system, yet there are no standardized measures for programs providing these services. We developed the Crisis Reliability Indicators Supporting Emergency Services (CRISES) framework to create measures that inform internal performance improvement initiatives and allow comparison across programs. The framework consists of two components-the CRISES domains (timely, safe, accessible, least-restrictive, effective, consumer/family centered, and partnership) and the measures supporting each domain. The CRISES framework provides a foundation for development of standardized measures for the crisis field. This will become increasingly important as pay-for-performance initiatives expand with healthcare reform.

  17. 43 CFR 30.127 - What happens if property was improperly included in the inventory?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Judicial Authority and Duties § 30.127 What happens if property... proceeding, it is found that property has been improperly included in the inventory of an estate, the...

  18. 25 CFR 1000.227 - What happens if the Secretary denies the waiver request?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... INTERIOR ANNUAL FUNDING AGREEMENTS UNDER THE TRIBAL SELF-GOVERNMENT ACT AMENDMENTS TO THE INDIAN SELF-DETERMINATION AND EDUCATION ACT Waiver of Regulations § 1000.227 What happens if the Secretary denies the waiver...

  19. What Happens at the House of Hope | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Hope Follow us What Happens at the House of Hope? Discovery documentary showcases important research at ... at the Clinical Center also known as the “House of Hope.” Two of the patients have cancer ...

  20. Technical presentation

    CERN Document Server

    FP Department

    2009-01-01

    07 April 2009 Technical presentation by Leuze Electronics: 14.00 – 15.00, Main Building, Room 61-1-017 (Room A) Photoelectric sensors, data identification and transmission systems, image processing systems. We at Leuze Electronics are "the sensor people": we have been specialising in optoelectronic sensors and safety technology for accident prevention for over 40 years. Our dedicated staff are all highly customer oriented. Customers of Leuze Electronics can always rely on one thing – on us! •\tFounded in 1963 •\t740 employees •\t115 MEUR turnover •\t20 subsidiaries •\t3 production facilities in southern Germany Product groups: •\tPhotoelectric sensors •\tIdentification and measurements •\tSafety devices

  1. 30 CFR 285.224 - What happens if MMS accepts my bid?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What happens if MMS accepts my bid? 285.224... Renewable Energy Leases Competitive Lease Award Process § 285.224 What happens if MMS accepts my bid? If we... withdraw an OCS area in which we have held a lease sale before you and MMS execute the lease in that area...

  2. Um olhar sistêmico sobre a crise norte-americana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHRISTIAN CARVALHO GANZERT

    Full Text Available RESUMO No contexto contemporâneo, a economia global pode ser descrita como um sistema baseado em agentes que, quando associados, manifestam seus próprios meios e fins. A crise das hipotecas subprime nos Estados Unidos é um bom exemplo das implicações desse tipo de relacionamento. Ela está diretamente relacionada a poderosos laços de realimentação, compostos por uma série de variáveis que amplificaram o fato de as famílias americanas terem se endividado em ritmo maior do que a sua distribuição de riqueza, prejudicada pela externalização da produção. Há atualmente uma nova estrutura na economia internacional, em que as ex-nações subdesenvolvidas estão mais bem posicionadas no cenário macroeconômico e têm maior poder do que antes - uma consequência do necessário rearranjo sistêmico. Diante dessa complexa dinâmica, a função de inteligência que deveria controlar e garantir a estabilidade sistêmica falhou em perceber a dinâmica e os impactos da nova cultura atrelada ao comportamento do capital contemporâneo, para evitar a perda da hegemonia. Observando-se ex post facto, por meio de um enfoque sistêmico, a crise econômica americana pode ser definida como tendo suas raízes nas premissas de todo o arcabouço cultural da globalização que acabou por conduzir à externalização da produção. Assim, o contexto sistêmico desta análise aponta que a cultura, como importante gerador e amplificador, deve ser o principal foco dos intentos de análise do atual contexto socioeconômico global.

  3. Financial Crises in 1997 – 2001 Shortcomings of the International Financial Architecture

    OpenAIRE

    Steinherr A.

    2001-01-01

    What economists and policy-makers for a long time had considered as virtually impossible has happened: except for North America and Europe, since 1997 the world financial system has moved with dazzling speed from crisis to crisis. Major countries in Asia, Europe and Latin America collapsed or fell prey to the contagiousness of the crisis. It all started in Thailand in the summer of 1997, quickly spread to other South-East Asian countries, dragged down Japan, infested Russia and spread to Lati...

  4. A RESEARCH THRU A LOGISTIC PERSPECTIVE REGARDING THE MANAGEMENT OF IMAGE-CRISES OF PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS FROM ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Antoniu Ovidiu BALINT

    2015-01-01

    Image Crises are explained by the specialists in this field of study as a process of damaging an organization's / institution’s reputation through loss of public confidence in the products and / or services provided to the targeted public / consumers. The main reason why we chose this topic, for this paper, is to find out how image crisis can affect public institutions in Romania at national (central) and local (regional) level. Based on the studies we conducted in several public institutions...

  5. Relationships between magnetic susceptibility of limestones and sea level change ("direct relationship and major crises on the Earth")

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hladil, Jindřich; Slavík, Ladislav; Koptíková, Leona; Schnabl, Petr; Vacek, F.; Bábek, O.; Geršl, M.

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 34, 4/6 (2008), s. 1343596-1343596 ISSN 0161-6951. [International Geological Congress /33./. 06.08.2008-14.08.2008, Oslo] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA300130702; GA AV ČR(CZ) KJB300130613; GA AV ČR KJB307020602 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30130516 Keywords : magnetic suceptibility * limestone * impurity * ocean-atmosperic circulation * past global crises Subject RIV: DB - Geology ; Mineralogy

  6. Débats d'experts sur la réaction des femmes à la crise économique ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    23 nov. 2010 ... Les expertes invitées Devaki Jain et Diane Elson ont traité des répercussions de l'actuelle crise économique mondiale sur les femmes des pays en développement, et présenté le programme économique en sept points de Casablanca Dream destiné à aider les femmes à se sortir de la pauvreté.

  7. A formação social do arquitecto: Crise nos cursos de arquitectura, 1968‑1969

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonçalo Canto Moniz

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A regulamentação da reforma do ensino da arquitectura em 1957 inicia um processo de transformações sucessivas no quotidiano dos cursos de arquitectura que irá culminar com uma crise no ano de 1969.Ao longo de uma década de funcionamento, a nova orgânica proposta pela reforma não conseguiu, na sua globalidade, introduzir uma nova pedagogia nem democratizar o funcionamento das escolas, ficando refém do autoritarismo do Ministério da Educação. No entanto, a sua rigidez científica e administrativa estimulou professores e alunos a desenvolver estratégias, quer de projecto, quer de reflexão e debate, que procuraram promover a função social do arquitecto atento aos problemas da sociedade e da cidade, por oposição ao arquitecto tecnocrático.Nos anos de 1968 e 1969 as duas escolas, tal como a universidade e a sociedade, politizam o seu discurso. Os estudantes e os professores reivindicam abertamente alterações profundas na gestão da escola, nos métodos pedagógicos e nos objectivos do ensino, exigindo a reforma da Reforma de 57.Este texto aborda os momentos críticos deste processo de consciencialização política e social dos estudantes, que procura recolocar o papel da Escola no debate sobre a formação e sobre a profissão de arquitecto. No final de 1969 as escolas de arquitectura estão em crise, porque a universidade está em crise, mas também porque a profissão está crise.

  8. The silent victims of humanitarian crises and livelihood (in)security: a case study among migrants in two Chadian towns

    OpenAIRE

    Djindil, N.S.; Bruijn, de, M.

    2009-01-01

    Once a humanitarian disaster receives coverage in the global media, the international community usually mobilises to reduce the most severe consequences. However people in Chad are experiencing endemic crises that are detached from speci!c triggers, and they are not receiving any international assistance to help relieve the hardships they face. "is study involves 111 migrant households from central Chad that, as a result of war and drought, have lost everything and now have to live in squatte...

  9. Service failures as organisational crises in business travel: origins and operational strategies as perceived by events professionals

    OpenAIRE

    Andirin, Cisil; Moital, Miguel; Cardoso, Carla Pinto

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Justified purpose of the topic: Research on crisis management in the meetings industry only focused on the process of crisis preparedness and the perception of meeting planners towards crises, with little research carried out on the strategies adopted to manage crisis within the meetings industry. Objective: This paper explores crisis management perceptions and practices by meetings professionals from two perspectives: origins of crisis and crisis management strategies. Methodology...

  10. Economic Crises, Maternal and Infant Mortality, Low Birth Weight and Enrollment Rates: Evidence from Argentina’s Downturns

    OpenAIRE

    Guillermo Cruces; Pablo Glüzman; Luis Felipe López Calva

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the impact of recent crises in Argentina (including the severe downturn of 2001-2002) on health and education outcomes. The identification strategy relies on both the inter-temporal and the cross-provincial co-variation between changes in regional GDP and outcomes by province. These results indicate significant and substantial effects of aggregate fluctuations on maternal and infant mortality and low birth weight, with countercyclical though not significant patterns fo...

  11. Theory of change for the delivery of talking therapies by lay workers to survivors of humanitarian crises in low-income and middle-income countries: protocol of a systematic review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Grace Kathryn; Bass, Judith K; Eaton, Julian

    2018-01-01

    Introduction There is a severe shortage of specialist mental healthcare providers in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) affected by humanitarian crises. In these settings, talking therapies may be delivered by non-specialists, including lay workers with no tertiary education or formal certification in mental health. This systematic review will synthesise the literature on the implementation and effectiveness of talking therapies delivered by lay workers in LMICs affected by humanitarian crises, in order to develop a Theory of Change (ToC). Methods and analysis Qualitative, quantitative and mixed-methods studies assessing the implementation or effectiveness of lay-delivered talking therapies for common mental disorders provided to adult survivors of humanitarian crises in LMICs will be eligible for inclusion. Studies set in high-income countries will be excluded. No restrictions will be applied to language or year of publication. Unpublished studies will be excluded. Seven electronic databases will be searched: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, PsycEXTRA, Global Health, Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrials.gov. Contents pages of three peer-reviewed journals will be hand-searched. Sources of grey literature will include resource directories of two online mental health networks (MHPSS.net and MHInnovation.net) and expert consultation. Forward and backward citation searches of included studies will be performed. Two reviewers will independently screen studies for inclusion, extract data and assess study quality. A narrative synthesis will be conducted, following established guidelines. A ToC map will be amended iteratively to take into account the review results and guide the synthesis. Ethics and dissemination Findings will be presented in a manuscript for publication in a peer-reviewed journal and disseminated through a coordinated communications strategy targeting knowledge generators, enablers and users. PROSPERO registration number CRD42017058287. PMID

  12. Theory of change for the delivery of talking therapies by lay workers to survivors of humanitarian crises in low-income and middle-income countries: protocol of a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Grace Kathryn; Bauer, Andreas; Bass, Judith K; Eaton, Julian

    2018-02-17

    There is a severe shortage of specialist mental healthcare providers in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) affected by humanitarian crises. In these settings, talking therapies may be delivered by non-specialists, including lay workers with no tertiary education or formal certification in mental health. This systematic review will synthesise the literature on the implementation and effectiveness of talking therapies delivered by lay workers in LMICs affected by humanitarian crises, in order to develop a Theory of Change (ToC). Qualitative, quantitative and mixed-methods studies assessing the implementation or effectiveness of lay-delivered talking therapies for common mental disorders provided to adult survivors of humanitarian crises in LMICs will be eligible for inclusion. Studies set in high-income countries will be excluded. No restrictions will be applied to language or year of publication. Unpublished studies will be excluded. Seven electronic databases will be searched: MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, PsycEXTRA, Global Health, Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrials.gov. Contents pages of three peer-reviewed journals will be hand-searched. Sources of grey literature will include resource directories of two online mental health networks (MHPSS.net and MHInnovation.net) and expert consultation. Forward and backward citation searches of included studies will be performed. Two reviewers will independently screen studies for inclusion, extract data and assess study quality. A narrative synthesis will be conducted, following established guidelines. A ToC map will be amended iteratively to take into account the review results and guide the synthesis. Findings will be presented in a manuscript for publication in a peer-reviewed journal and disseminated through a coordinated communications strategy targeting knowledge generators, enablers and users. CRD42017058287. © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018

  13. Risk Assessment for Water Supply Systems in Iran During Crises Using the RAMCAP Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalal Nakhaei

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Heavy damages might be inflicted upon national infrastructure due to a variety of disasters caused by natural events or human activities. One example of such vital infrastructure at risk is the water supply system. At the time of crises, the water supply system is expected to continue supplying water to citizens, or the crisis will be augmented. This warrants the potential threats and their effects on the system to be identified and evaluated in an attempt to determine the vulnerable systems and sites toward proper solutions. In this study, the assets and the associated threats of the water supply are identified followed by a vulnerability analysis. The RAMCAP method is then employed to determine values for the risks associated with each of the assets including dams, water storage systems, pumping stations, treatment plants, water wells, and building units. Methods are proposed to reduce these risks before a crisis occurs. In addition, basic threats due to air-missile and Cyber attacks are also considered.

  14. Cross-border Portfolio Investment Networks and Indicators for Financial Crises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph, Andreas C.; Joseph, Stephan E.; Chen, Guanrong

    2014-02-01

    Cross-border equity and long-term debt securities portfolio investment networks are analysed from 2002 to 2012, covering the 2008 global financial crisis. They serve as network-proxies for measuring the robustness of the global financial system and the interdependence of financial markets, respectively. Two early-warning indicators for financial crises are identified: First, the algebraic connectivity of the equity securities network, as a measure for structural robustness, drops close to zero already in 2005, while there is an over-representation of high-degree off-shore financial centres among the countries most-related to this observation, suggesting an investigation of such nodes with respect to the structural stability of the global financial system. Second, using a phenomenological model, the edge density of the debt securities network is found to describe, and even forecast, the proliferation of several over-the-counter-traded financial derivatives, most prominently credit default swaps, enabling one to detect potentially dangerous levels of market interdependence and systemic risk.

  15. Crises financeiras nos anos 1990 e poupança externa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ao contrário do que afirma a análise econômica convencional, a causa principal das crises financeiras dos países emergentes dos anos 1990 e início dos anos 2000s começando pela do México (1994 e terminando com a da Argentina (2001 não foi fiscal, mas a decisão dos governos de promover o crescimento com poupança externa, isto é, com déficits em conta corrente. Como a taxa de câmbio tem outros determinantes além da absorção interna, o pressuposto dos déficits gêmeos com frequência não é válido. Essas foram de balanço de pagamentos e se caracterizaram por elevados déficits em conta corrente e forte aumento da dívida externa e/ou por forte aumento do déficit em conta corrente, que levaram os credores a se persuadirem que o problema do país era ou de liquidez ou de solvência, ou ambos, e decidirem, subitamente, suspender a rolagem da dívida externa do país. Um teste econométrico substancia a hipótese do trabalho.

  16. EDs credit drills, community engagement with helping them manage casualties from tornado crises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-01

    Emergency department leaders at DCH Regional Medical Center in Tuscaloosa, AL, and Cullman Regional Medical Center in Cullman, AL, credit their regular practice drills with helping them deal with unprecedented demand when deadly tornadoes swept through the South this past April. Both facilities used the hospital instant command structure (HICS) to mobilize the resources needed to care for the surge in patients, and say the approach worked well in helping them meet the needs of their communities. However, the crises also showcased opportunities for improvement. The ED at DCH Regional Medical Center saw more than 600 patients on the day of the storm, a three-fold increase in the hospital's typical volume. CRMC treated 99 patients in the seven hours immediately following the storm when it usually treats 114 patients per day. In addition to a big surge in patients, both hospitals dealt with power outages that limited access to some services such as radiology. Triage proved particularly challenging at DCH Regional Medical Center, as patients flowed into the hospital from numerous access points. The hospital plans to assign coordinators to each area of the hospital to better manage the influx in the future. When reviewing emergency operations plans, Joint Commission reviewers often find deficiencies in hazard vulnerability analyses as well as the processes used to determine the emergency credentials of licensed independent practitioners.

  17. Long-range dependence in returns and volatility of global gold market amid financial crises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Omane-Adjepong, Maurice; Boako, Gideon

    2017-04-01

    Using sampled historical daily gold market data from 07-03-1985 to 06-01-2015, and building on a related work by Bentes (2016), this paper examines the presence of long-range dependence (LRD) in the world's gold market returns and volatility, accounting for structural breaks. The sampled gold market data was divided into subsamples based on four global crises: the September 1992 collapse of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM), the Asian financial crisis of mid-1997, the Subprime meltdown of 2007, and the recent European sovereign debt crisis, which hit the world's market with varying effects. LRD test was carried-out on the full-sample and subsample periods using three semiparametric methods-before and after adjusting for structural breaks. The results show insignificant evidence of LRD in gold returns. However, very diminutive evidence is found for periods characterized by financial/economic shocks, with no significant detections for post-shock periods. Collectively, this is indicative that the gold market is less speculative, and hence could be somehow less risky for hedging and portfolio diversification.

  18. Non-technical skills of surgeons and anaesthetists in simulated operating theatre crises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doumouras, A G; Hamidi, M; Lung, K; Tarola, C L; Tsao, M W; Scott, J W; Smink, D S; Yule, S

    2017-07-01

    Deficiencies in non-technical skills (NTS) have been increasingly implicated in avoidable operating theatre errors. Accordingly, this study sought to characterize the impact of surgeon and anaesthetist non-technical skills on time to crisis resolution in a simulated operating theatre. Non-technical skills were assessed during 26 simulated crises (haemorrhage and airway emergency) performed by surgical teams. Teams consisted of surgeons, anaesthetists and nurses. Behaviour was assessed by four trained raters using the Non-Technical Skills for Surgeons (NOTSS) and Anaesthetists' Non-Technical Skills (ANTS) rating scales before and during the crisis phase of each scenario. The primary endpoint was time to crisis resolution; secondary endpoints included NTS scores before and during the crisis. A cross-classified linear mixed-effects model was used for the final analysis. Thirteen different surgical teams were assessed. Higher NTS ratings resulted in significantly faster crisis resolution. For anaesthetists, every 1-point increase in ANTS score was associated with a decrease of 53·50 (95 per cent c.i. 31·13 to 75·87) s in time to crisis resolution (P technical skills scores were lower during the crisis phase of the scenarios than those measured before the crisis for both surgeons and anaesthetists. A higher level of NTS of surgeons and anaesthetists led to quicker crisis resolution in a simulated operating theatre environment. © 2017 BJS Society Ltd Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. A crise dos bens culturais como mercadorias | The crisis of cultural goods as merchandise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronaldo Fiani

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumo A digitalização das informações provocou uma crise na apropriação privada dos bens culturais como mercadorias. Paralelamente, movimentos políticos vêm se organizando internacionalmente, visando ao questionamento do tratamento dos bens culturais como mercadorias privadas. A análise do sentido e do papel desses movimentos exige uma revisão do conceito de mercadoria. Para questionar o conceito de mercadoria são revistos dois autores críticos do sistema capitalista, Karl Marx e Karl Polanyi, discutindo-se as possíveis contribuições de cada um para a compreensão desses movimentos políticos. Palavras-chave mercadoria, direitos de autor, Karl Marx, Karl Polanyi Abstract The digitalization of information provoked a crisis in the private appropriation of cultural goods. Simultaneously, political movements are being internationally organized aiming at criticizing cultural goods being treated as commodities. The analysis of the meaning and role of those political movements demands reviewing the concept of commodity. To question the concept of commodity two radical authors are reviewed: Karl Marx and Karl Polanyi, their possible contributions to the comprehension of those political movements being so evaluated. Keywords commodity, copyrights, Karl Marx, Karl Polanyi

  20. From famine to food crisis: what history can teach us about local and global subsistence crises.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanhaute, Eric

    2011-01-01

    The number of famine prone regions in the world has been shrinking for centuries. It is currently mainly limited to sub-Saharan Africa. Yet the impact of endemic hunger has not declined and the early twenty-first century seems to be faced with a new threat: global subsistence crises. In this essay I question the concepts of famine and food crisis from different analytical angles: historical and contemporary famine research, food regime theory, and peasant studies. I will argue that only a more integrated historical framework of analysis can surpass dualistic interpretations grounded in Eurocentric modernization paradigms. This article successively debates historical and contemporary famine research, the contemporary food regime and the new global food crisis, the lessons from Europe's 'grand escape' from hunger, and the peasantry and 'depeasantization' as central analytical concepts. Dualistic histories of food and famine have been dominating developmentalist stories for too long. This essay shows how a blending of historical and contemporary famine research, food regime theory and new peasant studies can foster a more integrated perspective.