Sample records for hao yu tiejun

  1. Huang Hao and Tibetan Studies



    We were shocked to learn that the well-known Tibetologist Huang Hao had passed away in May 18, 2004. As he told his family not to hold any funeral ceremony, many of his friends would not have the chance to express their feelings and see him for the last time... Here Dr. Zhang Yun expresses the feeling of the entire Tibetan studies circle. The mourning expressed by him is also the expression of us all.

  2. Zhang Hao,Health of wealth


    @@ Contribution to the society Zhang Hao owns great opportunity to store intelligence and knowledge, in her early year.Zhang Hao was graduated from Economic Management Department of People's University in 1983 and later finished her study in Advanced Training Program of CEO of Chinese Direct Selling Enterprises in Peking University.

  3. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-


    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  4. [Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu] / Ago Künnap

    Künnap, Ago, 1941-


    Arvustus: Gao Jingyi. Han yu yu bei Ou yu yan : Han yu yu Wula'er yu yan ji Yin Ou yu yan tong yuan tan jiu = Chinese language and languages of northern Europe. Beijing : Zhongguo she hui ke xue chu ban she, 2008

  5. Prose Writer Si Yu


    SI Yu, pen name of Zhan Shaojuan, is well known through her prose works. During the recent more than ten years, Chinese prose writing has developed rapidly, from its previous level to the present flourishing conditions. Si Yu is a distinguished woman writer, whose creative prose alternately displays either

  6. Inspired Violinist Yu Lina


    YU Lina is a famous Chinese violinist and a professor at the Shanghai Conservatory of Music. In 1959, she became famous when she collaborated with classmates He Zhanhao and Chen Gang from the Conservatory on a violin concerto called "Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai" which is based on a well-known folk tale.~* The concerto combined Shaoxing opera and Western-style music.

  7. 殷浩与东晋中期政治%Yin Hao and Politics in Mid Eastern Jin



    殷浩是东晋中期著名的玄学名士,在复杂的政治环境中,与宗室司马昱结合掌握中枢政权,并积极北伐。但是由于自身的条件以及东晋政权的内讧和姚襄的反叛,北伐最终失败,自己亦被废为庶人,结束了自己的政治生涯。%Yin hao is famous metaphysics celebrities . In the complex political environment , combined with clan Sima Yu mastering central government , he actively initiates Northern War . However , due to his own conditions , Eastern government infighting and Yao Xiang , s rebellion , the Northern War ultimately failed , he is deposed the common people , and ends his political career .

  8. My days as a student of Prof. Hao (1982-1986)

    Ding, Mingzhou

    In 1982 I graduated from Peking University with a bachelor's degree in astrophysics. Passing the entrance exam the same year I became a graduate student in the Institute of Theoretical Physics (ITP), Chinese Academy of Sciences, with Prof. Hao Bailin as my advisor. More than 30 years have gone by. I often recall the days I spent at the ITP with great fondness. Classmates have become life-long friends. The lessons we have learned from Prof. Hao about research, scholarship and life continue to influence us today...

  9. Mutations in HAO1 encoding glycolate oxidase cause isolated glycolic aciduria.

    Frishberg, Yaacov; Zeharia, Avraham; Lyakhovetsky, Roman; Bargal, Ruth; Belostotsky, Ruth


    The primary hyperoxalurias are a group of recessive kidney diseases, characterised by extensive accumulation of calcium oxalate that progressively coalesces into kidney stones. Oxalate overproduction is facilitated by perturbations in the metabolism of glyoxylate, the product of glycolate oxidation, and the immediate precursor of oxalate. Glycolic aciduria associated with hyperoxaluria is regarded as the hallmark of type 1 primary hyperoxaluria. The genetic basis of isolated glycolic aciduria is reported here. Two brothers, born to consanguineous healthy parents of Arab descent, were evaluated for psychomotor delay associated with triple-A-like syndrome (anisocoria, alacrima and achalasia). The proband showed markedly increased urinary glycolic acid excretion with normal excretion of oxalate, citrate and glycerate. Abdominal ultrasound showed normal-sized kidneys with normal echotexture. The genetic nature of triple-A-like syndrome in this kindred was found to be unrelated to this metabolic abnormality. Direct DNA sequencing of glycolate oxidase gene (HAO1) revealed a homozygous c.814-1G>C mutation in the invariant -1 position of intron 5 splice acceptor site. Since HAO1 is a liver-specific enzyme, the effect of this novel mutation on splicing was validated by an in vitro hybrid-minigene approach. We confirmed the appearance of an abnormal splice variant in cells transfected with mutant minigene vector. Our results pinpoint the expression of defective splice variant of glycolate oxidase as the cause of isolated asymptomatic glycolic aciduria. This observation contributes to the development of novel approaches, namely, substrate reduction, for the treatment of primary hyperoxaluria type I. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to

  10. Preface in dedication to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu

    Jesse Zhu; Xiaotao Bi


    @@ This special issue of China PARTICUOLOGY is dedicated to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu of Tsinghua University, China, to celebrate over five decades of their careers in chemical engineering research and education.

  11. Preface in dedication to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu

    Jesse; Zhu; Xiaotao; Bi


      This special issue of China PARTICUOLOGY is dedicated to Professors Yong Jin and Zhiqing Yu of Tsinghua University, China, to celebrate over five decades of their careers in chemical engineering research and education.……

  12. Dismantling of the 904 Cell at the HAO/Sud Facility - 13466

    Vaudey, C.E.; Crosnier, S. [AREVA Clean-Up BU, 1 route de la Noue 91196 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Renouf, M.; Gaspard, N. [AREVA Clean-Up BU, Site de La Hague - BV 35 - 50444 Beaumont Hague (France); Pinot, L. [AREVA D and D BU, Site de La Hague - 50444 Beaumont Hague (France)


    La Hague facility, in France, is the spent fuel recycling plant wherein a part of the fuel coming from some of the French, German, Belgian, Swiss, Dutch and Japanese nuclear reactors is reprocessed before being recycled in order to separate certain radioactive elements. The facility has been successively handled by the CEA (1962-1978), Cogema (1978-2006), and AREVA NC (since 2006). La Hague facility is composed of 3 production units: The UP2-400 production unit started to be operated in 1966 for the reprocessing of UNGG metal fuel. In 1976, following the dropout of the graphite-gas technology by EDF, an HAO workshop to reprocess the fuel from the light water reactors is affiliated and then stopped in 2003. - UP2-400 is partially stopped in 2002 and then definitely the 1 January 2004 and is being dismantled - UP2-800, with the same capacity than UP3, started to be operated in 1994 and is still in operation. And UP3 - UP3 was implemented in 1990 with an annual reprocessing capacity of 800 tons of fuel and is still in operation The combined licensed capacity of UP2-800 and UP3 is 1,700 tons of used fuel. (authors)

  13. [Effect of long-term application of nitrogen fertilizer on the diversity of nitrifying genes (amoA and hao) in paddy soil].

    Chen, Chun-lan; Wu, Min-na; Wei, Wen-xue


    The aim of this study was to determine the effect of long-term (16 years) application of nitrogen fertilizer on the diversity of nitrifying genes (amoA and hao) in paddy soil on the basis of long-term paddy field experimental station (started in 1990) located in Taoyuan, with the molecular approaches of PCR, constructing libraries and sequencing. The fertilizer was urea and no fertilizer was as control. The Shannon index showed that long-term application of nitrogen fertilizer made the diversity of amoA gene descend while no effect on the diversity of hao gene. The LIBSHUFF statistical analyses demonstrated that both amoA and hao libraries of CK and N treatments were significantly different from each other and the rarefaction curves of libraries failed to meet the plateaus indicating that there were lots kinds of genes haven't been detected. The results of blasting with GenBank and the phylogenetic tree showed that the amoA genes detected in our study had a similarity with the uncultured gene of amoA, which showed some similar to Nitrosospira. Otherwise, the hao genes cloned showed a relationship to the genes of cultured bacteria such as Silicibacteria, Nitrosospira and Methylococcus, and the hao genes found in the N treatment dominated in alpha-Proteobacteria. These results suggest that long-term fertilization of nitrogen had significant impacts on the diversity or community of amoA and hao genes.

  14. Enhanced resistive switching characteristics in Pt/BaTiO3/ITO structures through insertion of HfO2:Al2O3 (HAO) dielectric thin layer

    Silva, J. P. B.; Faita, F. L.; Kamakshi, K.; Sekhar, K. C.; Moreira, J. Agostinho; Almeida, A.; Pereira, M.; Pasa, A. A.; Gomes, M. J. M.


    An enhanced resistive switching (RS) effect is observed in Pt/BaTiO3(BTO)/ITO ferroelectric structures when a thin HfO2:Al2O3 (HAO) dielectric layer is inserted between Pt and BTO. The P-E hysteresis loops reveal the ferroelectric nature of both Pt/BTO/ITO and Pt/HAO/BTO/ITO structures. The relation between the RS and the polarization reversal is investigated at various temperatures in the Pt/HAO/BTO/ITO structure. It is found that the polarization reversal induces a barrier variation in the Pt/HAO/BTO interface and causes enhanced RS, which is suppressed at Curie temperature (Tc = 140 °C). Furthermore, the Pt/HAO/BTO/ITO structures show promising endurance characteristics, with a RS ratio >103 after 109 switching cycles, that make them potential candidates for resistive switching memory devices. By combining ferroelectric and dielectric layers this work provides an efficient way for developing highly efficient ferroelectric-based RS memory devices.

  15. Regional distribution of putative NPY Y*U1 receptors and neurons expressing Y*U1 mRNA in forebrain areas of the rat central nervous system

    Larsen, Philip J.; Sheikh, Søren P.; Jakobsen, Cherine R.


    Anatomi, neurobiologi, neuropeptide Y, NPY analogues, receptor autoradiography, in situ hybridization histochemistry, Y*U1 mRNA, Y*U1 andY*U2 receptors, rat......Anatomi, neurobiologi, neuropeptide Y, NPY analogues, receptor autoradiography, in situ hybridization histochemistry, Y*U1 mRNA, Y*U1 andY*U2 receptors, rat...

  16. A new felt scale genus Macroporicoccus gen. n. (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Eriococcidae) from China, with a redescription of Macroporicoccus ulmi (Tang & Hao) comb. n. .

    Nan, Nan; Deng, Jun; Wu, San'an


    The Chinese species Cryptococcus ulmi Tang & Hao is found to be distantly related to other sampled Cryptococcus species based on both molecular and morphological study. A new felt scale genus, Macroporicoccus Nan & Wu gen. n., is erected therefore for C. ulmi. The new genus differs from other eriococcid genera due to the presence of large simple pores, here referred to as macrodisc pores. The adult female of Macroporicoccus ulmi (Tang & Hao) comb. n. is redescribed and illustrated. Some important taxonomic characters are illustrated with SEM photographs.

  17. A sexual ornament in chickens is affected by pleiotropic alleles at HAO1 and BMP2, selected during domestication.

    Martin Johnsson

    Full Text Available Domestication is one of the strongest forms of short-term, directional selection. Although selection is typically only exerted on one or a few target traits, domestication can lead to numerous changes in many seemingly unrelated phenotypes. It is unknown whether such correlated responses are due to pleiotropy or linkage between separate genetic architectures. Using three separate intercrosses between wild and domestic chickens, a locus affecting comb mass (a sexual ornament in the chicken and several fitness traits (primarily medullary bone allocation and fecundity was identified. This locus contains two tightly-linked genes, BMP2 and HAO1, which together produce the range of pleiotropic effects seen. This study demonstrates the importance of pleiotropy (or extremely close linkage in domestication. The nature of this pleiotropy also provides insights into how this sexual ornament could be maintained in wild populations.

  18. Chronological Records of Li Anzhai and Yu Shiyu

    WANG Hongliang


    In the history of Chinese ethnolo-gy, Li Anzhai and Yu Shiyu were not only life partners, but also an important academic married couple, especially in Tibetology.Li Anzhai was not only a representative in frontier research in China , but also a core figure in the West China school of Anthropology .He also has an important position in the history of modern academics . Yu Shiyu had an extremely rich talent for languages , and was good at sorting out bibliographies .Moreo-ver, she was interested in field investigation , which laid a solid foundation for her research on Tibetology .She also provided important support for Li Anzhai’ s fieldwork in Tibetan areas.The cou-ple ’ s academic life blended with each other , and they could be regarded as “two birds with the same destination” ( tianya tongming niao) . The life of this couple can help us understand that their life was both manifested and hidden from view by the times, and their academic life was both created and destroyed by the times .With regard to their academic position and social impact , it was a pity that their academic research did not meet the expectation of academic circles . Within various works related to the review of the history of the dis-ciplines, the couple was always included , in spite of the fact that the introductions to them were al-ways very simple .Although they are mentioned in some sporadic works , most of these works are only introductory articles or book reviews . Up until now, no one has systematically researched their life and academic thought .Hence, the author, by combing through various documents and archives , gives a chronological record of Li Anzhai ’ s and Yu Shiyu ’ s life story and academic achievements in order to provide basic historical data for academ-ic circles to carry out further research on the histo-ry of the discipline .

  19. Yu's Wavelet-a New Wavelet Used to Improve Resolution in Seismic Data Processing

    Fan Weicui; Liu Jiren


    @@ Yu Shoupeng, a senior geophysicist in Bureau of Geophysical Prospecting (BGP) of China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) announced his new researched result - a broad band Ricker wavelet in Science and Technology Fair of (Geophysical Research Institute)GRI early this year. For his result, Yu,Shoupeng was rewarded with First Prize of GRI and all participants of the fair were impressed very much by his work. The new wavelet was named as Yu's wavelet.

  20. Dr. Yu Wenqiu's Experience in Treating Seborrheic Alopecia

    Ding Xiongfei


    @@ In China, the occurrence of seborrheic alopecia is on the rise. Chief physician Yu Wenqiu, by combining the rich experience obtained by physicians at all times with his own long-term clinical practice, has developed Shenying Yihao Shengfa Tang and Shenying Erhao Shengfa Tang(神应Ⅰ号生发汤Decoction for Hair Growth No.Ⅰand 神应Ⅱ号生发汤 Decoction for Hair Growth No. Ⅱ), which have yielded very good therapeutic effects for seborrheic alopecia. Following is an introduction to his experience in this aspect.

  1. Orbital Picture of Yu-Shiba-Rusinov Multiplets.

    Ruby, Michael; Peng, Yang; von Oppen, Felix; Heinrich, Benjamin W; Franke, Katharina J


    We investigate the nature of Yu-Shiba-Rusinov (YSR) subgap states induced by single manganese (Mn) atoms adsorbed on different surface orientations of superconducting lead (Pb). Depending on the adsorption site, we detect a distinct number and characteristic patterns of YSR states around the Mn atoms. We suggest that the YSR states inherit their properties from the Mn d levels, which are split by the surrounding crystal field. The periodicity of the long-range YSR oscillations allows us to identify a dominant coupling of the d states to the outer Fermi sheet of the two-band superconductor Pb.

  2. [On the contribution of Prof. Yu. S. Balashov to the fundamental parasitology].

    Ryss, A Iu


    Brief review of main conceptions of Yu. S. Balasov in fundamental parasitology: types of host-parasite relations, evolution, transmissive infections, econiches, population structure, parasite communities.

  3. Yu Zida Vice President and CTO of Haier Group


    Yu Zida is the Vice President and CTO of Haier Corporation,Member of IEC/MSB,Vice President of Patent Protection Association of China,Vice Chairman of CAS,Member of CNAB,Vice Director of the Board of China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment and Vice Chairman of China Energy Conservation Association.He was rated as a National Young and Middle-Aged Expert with Great Contributions and awarded many times the National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology,enjoying allowance from the State Council.Under the leadership of Yu,Haier has become the household appliance enterprise that participate most widely in the development and revision of international,national and industrial standards in the industry in China,undertaking the secretariat of Sub-committee on Service of National Household Appliances Standardization Technical Committee and the secretariat of Sub-committee on Reliability of National Household Appliances Standardization Technical Committee.It has promoted the overall improvement of quality and service in the Household Appliances industry by standards.

  4. Molecular mapping of leaf rust resistance genes in the wheat line Yu 356-9

    HAN Liu-sha; LI Zai-feng; WANG Jia-zhen; SHI Ling-zhi; ZHU Lin; LI Xing; LIU Da-qun; Syed J A Shah


    The Chinese wheat line Yu 356-9 exhibits a high level of resistance to leaf rust. In order to decipher the genetic base of resistance in Yu 356-9, gene postulation, inheritance analyses, and chromosome linkage mapping were carried out. Gene postulation completed using 15 leaf rust pathotypes and 36 isogenic lines indicated that Yu 356-9 was resistant to al pathotypes tested. F1 and F2 plants from the cross Yu 356-9 (resistant)/Zhengzhou 5389 (susceptible) were tested with leaf rust pathotype“FHNQ”in the greenhouse. Results indicated a 3:1 segregation ratio, indicative of the presence of a single dominant leaf rust resistance gene in Yu 356-9 which was temporarily designated as LrYu. Bulk segregant analysis and molecular marker assays were used to map LrYu. Five simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers on chromosome 2BS were found closely linked to LrYu. Among these markers, Xwmc770 is the most closely linked, with a genetic distance of 5.7 cM.

  5. Study on Yu Guangzhong’s Flexibility and Opposition of Translationese



    Yu Guangzhong, a well-known Chinese scholar, promotes his thoughts in his book Yu Guangzhong’s Comment on Translation.This paper analyses his thoughts of flexibility and opposition of translationese and prove significances of his thoughts by making a comparison of two English versions of The Old Man and the Sea.

  6. Dr. Yu Wang, Director, Natural Science Division, National Science Council, Taiwan

    Patrice Loïez


    Photo 01: L. to r.: Dr. Philippe Bloch, CERN CMS ECAL Deputy Project Manager, Dr. Yu Wang, Dr. Etiennette Auffray, CERN, responsible of the CERN ECAL Regional Centre. Photo 02: L. to r.: Dr. Yu Wang, Dr. Philippe Bloch, Dr. Apollo GO, National Central University, Taiwan, Dr. Etiennette Auffray.

  7. XIANG Yu and Guanzhong%项羽与关中



    项羽是中国古代杰出的军事家,在灭秦的过程中立下了汗马功劳,充分展示出他的军事天才,但他属于悲剧英雄。这一悲剧的原因与他的关中情节有关,对关中的不仁不义使他失去了立国关中的基础,造成了他的最后失败。%XIANG Yu is an outstanding military strategist of ancient China, and he showed his great military talents and genius in destroying Qin, but he is a tragic hero. The cause of this tragedy had some- thing to do with Guanzhong in inhumane unjust and caused him to lose the nation in Guanzhong, leading to his final defeat.

  8. Traditional Chinese medicine formula Qing Huo Yi Hao as superoxide anion scavenger in high glucosetreated endothelial cells

    Qiong xu; Bin ZHANG; Xiao-mu LI; Xin GAO


    Aim:To investigate the effects of a traditional Chinese medicine formula Qing Huo Yi Hao (QHYH)and its components on hydroxyl radical (HO·)production in vitro and the activity of QHYH against free radicals in cultured endothelial cells induced by high glucose.Methods:Hydroxyl radicals (HO·)were generated through Fenton reactions in vitro,and 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO)was used as a spin trap to form DMPO/HO·adducts detected using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR).Immortalized mouse cerebral microvascular endothelial (bEnd.3)cells were treated with high glucose (35 mmol/L).The free radical scavenging ability of QHYH in the cells was evaluated using EPR.Superoxide dismutase (SOD)was used to identify the free radicals scavenged by QHYH in the cells.Results:QHYH and its 8 components concentration-dependently reduced DMPO/HO· signaling.The DMPO/HO· adduct scavenging ability of QHYH was 82.2%,which was higher than each individual component.The free radical scavenging ability of 1% QHYH in high glucose-treated bEnd.3 cells was approximately 70%.In these cells,the free radicals were also specifically reduced by SOD (400 U/mL),implying that the free radicals were primarily superoxide anions.Conclusion:The results demonstrate that the QHYH formula is potent antioxidant acting as scavenge of superoxide anions in high glucose-treated endothelial cells.

  9. Yin-Chen-Hao Tang Attenuates Severe Acute Pancreatitis in Rat: An Experimental Verification of In silico Network Target Prediction

    Xiang, Hong; Wang, Guijun; Qu, Jialin; Xia, Shilin; Tao, Xufeng; Qi, Bing; Zhang, Qingkai; Shang, Dong


    Yin-Chen-Hao Tang (YCHT) is a classical Chinese medicine compound that has a long history of clinical use in China for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. However, the efficacy and mechanisms of YCHT for the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) are not known. The current study investigated the pharmacological properties of YCHT against SAP and its underlying mechanisms. A computational prediction of potential targets of YCHT was initially established based on a network pharmacology simulation. The model suggested that YCHT attenuated SAP progress by apoptosis inducement, anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation and blood lipid regulation. These effects were validated in SAP rats. YCHT administration produced the following results: (1) significantly inhibited the secretion of pancreatic enzymes and protected pancreatic tissue; (2) obviously increased the number of in situ terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL)-positive cells and induced apoptosis; (3) markedly inhibited neutrophil infiltration to the impaired pancreas and reduced the inflammatory reaction; (4) notably enhanced the activities of antioxidant enzymes and decreased the nitric oxide synthase levels; (5) significantly reduced the levels of triglycerides, total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein and increased high-density lipoprotein; and (6) significantly up-regulated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) and down-regulated nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB). In summary, these results demonstrated that YCHT attenuated SAP progress by inducing apoptosis, repressing inflammation, alleviating oxidative stress and regulating lipid metabolism partially via regulation of the NF-κB/PPARγ signal pathway. PMID:27790147

  10. Elementary Proof of Yu. V. Nesterenko Expansion of the Number Zeta(3 in Continued Fraction

    Gutnik Leonid


    Full Text Available Yu. V. Nesterenko has proved that , , , , , , and for ; , , and , for His proof is based on some properties of hypergeometric functions. We give here an elementary direct proof of this result.

  11. On Regional Division of Suitable Producing Areas of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza

    WEI Zhi-hua; WANG Xin-min; QIAO Qing-mei; CHENG Mao-gao; LIU Yong-lu; XIE Cai-xiang; CHEN Shi-lin


    With the aid of the Traditional Chinese Medicine Geographic Information System(TCMGIS-I),on the basis of planting base of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza in Fangcheng County of Henan Province,we selected key ecological factors such as the temperature,altitude,soil type,and precipitation that affect growth of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza,and analyzed ecological suitability of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza in China and in Henan Province.Results show that Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza has large suitable area in China,up to 10 provinces.At the similitude degree of 90% to 100%,its suitable distribution area can reach 309 205 km 2 theoretically.Among the suitable areas,the distribution area is large in Sichuan,Shaanxi,Jiangsu,Hubei and Henan provinces,each of which up to 24 000 km 2.At the similitude degree of 80% to 90%,the suitable areas of Yu Salvia miltiorrhiza are mainly in Fangcheng,Xichuan,Dengzhou,Xinyang and Nanzhao counties,which are consistent with record of relevant data.

  12. YU Ren-cun(郁仁存)——A Famous Oncologist in Integrative Medicine


    @@ YU Ren-cun was born on August 1,1934.After graduating from Jiangxi Medical College in 1955,he took part in the very first Western Doctors' Class for Learning Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) held in Beijing from March 1959 to December 1961.Prof.YU systematically learned TCM while taking this class.Since 1962,he has been working in the Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine,eventually being promoted to a Chief Physician by the Beijing Municipal Government in May of 1981.In 1997,Prof.YU was selected as a well-known veteran for the National TCM Doctor Inheritance Work by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (SATCM).The State Council of China has awarded him a special subsidy every month for his excellent work.

  13. Prof.Yu Weichao's Life%俞伟超先生生平



    Prof. Yu Weichao, a famous archaeologist and the former Director of the Museum of Chinese History, passed away on December 5, 2003, at the age of 70, from an incurable disease. As a master of great learning and integrity of our time, Prof. Yu not only cultivated for our country a great amount of talent specialized personnel in archaeology, but also carried out researches as the main pioneer of Qin-Han archaeology. In the archaeology of the Neolithic Age and studies of the Chu culture, he also obtained authoritative research accomplishments. Prof. Yu fought all his life for the cause of Chinese archaeology and museology. His unfortunate passing away is a great loss for the cause of archaeology.

  14. English Translation Strategies of Lun Yu:A Post-colonial Approach

    Zhang Xiaoman; Peng Zhen


    This paper discusses English translation strategies of Lun Yu from the perspec-tive of post-colonialism translation theory. Post-colonial translation theory makes research like cultural archaeology on translation practice, and influences translation practice through power difference of power discourse. It researches and interprets the translator’ s conscious and unconscious value orientations and choices of strategy. Under its guidance,a research is made concerning the English translation of Lun Yu,and four strategies,namely,domestication,for-eignization,hybridization and decolonization,are explicitly explained and analyzed.

  15. 巴西固氮螺菌Yu62在玉米根的定植%Colonization Pattern of Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 on Maize Roots

    刘元; 陈三凤; 李季伦


    Plasmid pVK1001 which carried the gfp gene of GFPmut2, a mutant of GFP, was introduced into Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 by electroporation. Maize seedlings were inoculated with the GFP-labelled bacteria and grown gnotobiotically in flask with semi-solid agar medium. Observations were performed with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and electron microscopy, respectively, at 8 d and 12 d after inoculation. Confocal laser scanning microscopy showed that A. brasilense Yu62 could penetrate into the cortex tissue, colonizing in the intercellular spaces of the parenchyma cells of the cortex tissue. Transmission and scanning electron microscopy (TEM) showed that the majority of the bacteria colonized on the root surface and only a minority of them resided in the root interior.%将GFPmut2质粒中的gfp基因 (编码绿色荧光蛋白)克隆到载体pVK100中,构建成重组质粒pVK1001.将pVK1001通过电转化方法导入到联合固氮菌巴西固氮螺菌Yu62中,获得GFP标记的巴西固氮螺菌Yu62菌株.用标记菌株接种限菌培养条件下生长的玉米(农大3318)幼苗,在接种后8 d、12 d,用激光共聚焦扫描显微镜进行观测,结果表明巴西固氮螺菌Yu62菌株能定植于玉米根部皮层的薄壁细胞间隙.用扫描电镜和超薄切片电镜观察表明,大多数细菌主要定植于根表,少数菌可进入玉米根组织内.

  16. Shangshan Si Hao and Politics during the early Han Dynasty%“商山四皓”与汉初政局



    汉高祖“求聘四皓”,是其晚年去武趋文的重要步骤,而这点为张良所利用、设计,让商山四皓介入易储事件,向汉高祖发动“攻心战”,从而保住了吕后之子刘盈的太子之位。%Han Gaozu recruited Shangshan Si Hao,which was an important step of the country strategy of transformation. It was made good use by Zhang Liang, he launched the“psychological warfare” to the Han Gaozu, and finally kept Liu Ying 's Crown for the prince status.

  17. 元代名儒郝经文艺美学思想细析%An Intense Analysis on Hao Jing's Aesthetics Ideas

    章辉; 殷亚林


    在作品论(文用论)和鉴赏论上,元初名儒郝经继承了宋代理学家的文论观,提倡文为道用,高度强调诗文必须有实用的内容。同时,郝经也重视其抒发性情的功能,反对压抑人性与真情的表达,强调文艺表现真实情感和个性。在创作论上,郝经的“内游说”创造性地把“游”的概念从道家美学引回儒家美学,倡导在充实经史基础上的人格美塑造,并试图以“养说”理论来提高主体的内在修养。%On work theory (Literary function theory)and appreciation theory,Hao Jing,who is at the beginning of the Yuan Dynasty,carries forward the literary theory of the Neo Confucianism of the Song Dynasty. He advocates that literature should serve the politics,and highly stresses that literary works should have practical contents. At the same time,he also pays attention to the lyric function of literature. He is against the suppression of human nature and the true feelings,and emphasizes that true feelings and personality should be expressed. On creation theory,Hao Jing's “Inner Tour Theory”creatively let the concept “You”goes back from Confucianism aesthetics to Taoism aesthetics. He advocates shaping the beauty of personality at the on the basis of absorbing classics and history knowledge,and tries to improve the inner cultivation of the subject by his“Nourishment Theory”.

  18. CCD Photometric Observations of 2005 YU55 During the 2011 November Flyby

    Warner, B. D.; Stephens, R. D.; Brinsfield, J. W.; Larsen, F. R.; Jacobsen, J.; Foster, J.; Richmond, M.; Franco, L.


    Analysis of CCD photometric observations of the near-Earth asteroid 2005 YU55 during the 2011 flyby determined one of two possible periods: 16.3 h or 19.3 h. Initial indications from radar observations are that the longer period is the more probable.

  19. Yu-Shiba-Rusinov states in phase-biased S-QD-S junctions

    Kiršanskas, Gediminas; Goldstein, Moshe; Flensberg, Karsten;


    We study the effects of a phase difference on Yu-Shiba-Rusinov (YSR) states in a spinful Coulomb-blockaded quantum dot contacted by a superconducting loop. In the limit where charging energy is larger than the superconducting gap, we determine the subgap excitation spectrum, the corresponding...

  20. Professor YU Yun's Experience in Treating Tumor by Pulse-feeling and Acupuncture

    LI Yong-jian; DI Ruo-hong; LI Yong; LI Yan-li; CHENG Xiao-mi


    @@ Professor YU Yun was born in Suzhou city, Jiangsu province in 1940. After graduation from Xuzhou Medical College in 1964, professor YU has been engaged himself in integrative Chinese & western medicine practice in Shanghai Tumor Hospital. In the middle 1980s, he was invited to Spain for traditional Chinese medicine research. He participated in world acupuncture conferences many times and delivered speeches. He wrote the book Pulse-feeling and Acupuncture for Tumor Treatment and published articles at home and abroad. He is an honorary professor of American Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, permanent member of World Society of Integrative Chinese & Western Medicine, research fellow of Shanghai Center of Acupuncture and Meridian, and the director of Spain Institute of Pulsefeeling and Acupuncture. Greatly interested in Chinese medicine and acupuncture, professor YU has been engaged in Pulse-feeling and acupuncture to treat late tumor and various kinds of difficult disorders for nearly forty years, and achieved wonderful results. I am honored to follow professor YU and learnt a lot. Now I present professor's experience in treating tumor by Pulse-feeling and acupuncture.

  1. [Cloning and functional analysis of glnB from Azospirillum brasilense Yu62].

    Li, Z H; Chen, S F; Li, J L


    The glnB gene of A. brasilense Yu62 was determined in a 3.7 kb EcoRI + PstI fragment. The glnA is located downstream of glnB and an ORF for hypothetical protein is on upstream of glnB. The deduced amino acid sequence of PII encoded by glnB is 71%, 77%, 79% and 69% identical to that of K. pneumoniae, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, Rhizobium leguninosarum and E. coli, respectively. A Km-casette was inserted into BglII site of glnB coding region and GlnB- mutant was obtained by homologous recombination. The GlnB- mutant has lost the nitrogenase activity, i.e.: Nif-. For the functional confirmation of glnB gene, a complementary test was carried out and it was shown that C-glnB(glnB::Km/glnB) can restore the nitrogenase activity. When the recombinant plasmid pVK-II which containined the coding region of glnB was introduced into A. brasilense Yu62 and A. brasilense Yu62 DraT-, respectively, the Yu62-II (containing pVK-II) and draT-II(containing pVK-II) showed higher nitrogenase activity than wild type. These results confirmed that glnB plays an important role in the regulation of nitrogen in A. brasilense.

  2. Professor LIAN Yu-lin's Experience in Treating Gynecological Disorders by Acupuncture



    @@ Professor LIAN Yu-lin, a chief doctor in the acupuncture department of the first affiliated hospital of Tianjin College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, has been engaged himself in Chinese medicine for over 30 years with perfect medical skills and rich experience in the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases and cervical and lumbar diseases, especially in the treatment of gynecological disorders by acupuncture. I follow professor Lian as an intern and have learnt some skillful techniques in the treatment of gynecological disorders by acupuncture.

  3. Yu Zhengsheng Attends Reception Marking 45th Anniversary Of China-Equatorial Guinea Diplomatic Relations

    Xu; Liya


    On April 29,the CPAFFC held a reception in Beijing to celebrate the 45th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Equatorial Guinea.Yu Zhengsheng,Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference(CPPCC)and Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo,President of Equatorial Guinea,spoke on the occasion.Among the audience of some 150were Abdul’ahat Abdulrixit,former

  4. 论庾信礼学观%On YU Xin’ s Concept of Ritual Theory



    庾信的作品可谓篇篇有“礼”。从具体的作品考察可知,庾信知耻铭辱的礼学观念与其所处的时代背景、家学传统、个人学养以及上层统治者对“礼”教化功能的重视都是紧密相连的。庾信怀国以礼、弘扬至孝及事君以礼等观念对后世所起的影响亦不可忽视。%Each of YU Xin’ s works can be described with the word "ritual". The study of his specific works shows that YU Xin’ s ritual concept of shame and disgrace is closely related to his historical back-ground, family tradition, personal knowledge and cultivation as well as the upper ruler’ s emphasis on the educational function of rituals. YU Xin yearned for his country with ritual, promoted piety and served the emperor with ritual, all of which have great influence on the following generations.

  5. Variational Data Assimilation Experiments of Mei-Yu Front Rainstorms in China

    王云峰; 王斌; 韩月琪; 朱民; 侯志明; 周毅; 刘宇迪; 寇正


    The numerical forecasts of mei-yu front rainstorms in China has been an important issue. The intensity and pattern of the frontal rainfall are greatly influenced by the initial fields of the numerical model. The 4-dimensional variational data assimilation technology (4DVAR) can effectively assimilate all kinds of observed data, including rainfall data at the observed stations, so that the initial fields and the precipitation forecast can both be greatly improved. The non-hydrostatic meso-scale model (MM5) and its adjoint model are used to study the development of the mei-yu front rainstorm from 1200 UTC 25June to 0600 UTC 26 June 1999. By numerical simulation experiments and assimilation experiments, the T106 data and the observed 6-hour rainfall data are assimilated. The influences of many factors, such as the choice of the assimilated variables and the weighting coefficient, on the precipitation forecast results are studied. The numerical results show that 4DVAR is valuable and important to mei-yu front rainfall prediction.

  6. Increases in Xu Zheng and Yu Zheng among Patients with Breast Cancer Receiving Different Anticancer Drug Therapies

    Sheng-Miauh Huang


    Full Text Available Aim. The objectives of this study were to compare yang-xu, yin-xu, and yu among patients with breast cancer right before, one month after, and three months after receiving target, chemo, or combined therapy. Method. After recruiting 126 patients from 4 hospitals in northern Taiwan, a longitudinal study was carried out with 61 patients receiving chemotherapy, 30 receiving target therapy, and 35 receiving combined therapy. Yang-xu, yin-xu, and yu were assessed using the Traditional Chinese Medical Constitutional Scale (TCMCS, with higher scores indicating more xu and yu. Results. There were significant increases in yang-xu, yin-xu, and yu at 1 month and 3 months after than before the start of the chemotherapy, target, or combined therapy. Patients receiving combined therapy had significantly higher scores in yang-xu and yin-xu than patients receiving chemo or target therapy. A history of coronary heart disease was associated with more yin-xu. Those patients who had undergone a mastectomy were associated with less yu zheng than those patients who had not. Conclusion and Implications. TCM doctors should focus their treatment on dealing with xu and yu in order to support their patients, as they complete their modern anticancer treatments.

  7. 诗意与创造:郝广才的绘本创作与编辑%Poetry and Creation:On Hao Guangcai’ s Writing and Editing of Picture Book



    郝广才以诗意韵律的表达在自创的故事编织中得心应手,又以强强联手的组合、创意性的转换等创造在绘本的编辑出版上卓尔不群。诗意与创造的追求是其创造力的表征,也是格林文化发展的深层动因。%Hao Gunangcai is in his element when he uses poetic rhythm to write stories. Through cooperation betwee giants and creative conversion, Hao Guangcai also shows great facility in story creation and outstanding talent in ed-iting and publishing picture books. The pursuit of poetry and creation is not only a sign of his creativity but also the root cause of the development of Grimm culture.


    菊花; 那生桑


    目的:为蒙药"泰特好"片建立质量标准.方法:采用薄层色谱法鉴别该制剂中的沉香、槟榔、当归、肉豆蔻、木香和胡椒;用高效液相色谱法定量分析氢溴酸槟榔碱的含量.结果:药材的薄层色谱斑点清晰可见;含量测定平均回收率为99.20%(n=6),RSD为1.79%.结论:该方法可靠、准确、专属性强、重现性好,可有效控制本片剂的内在质量.%Objective: To establish quality standards for Mongolian medicine "Ta Te Hao" tablets. Methods: To distinguish the agalloch eaglewood, the betel nut, the Chinese angelica, the nutmeg, the banks rose and the pepper using the thin layer chromatography; and to test content of Arecoline hydrobromide by HPLC. Results: The average recovery was 99.20% ( n = 6 ), RSD = 1.79%.Conclusion :This method is reliable, accurate, strong specific, reproductive. The method can effectively control the intrinsic quality of the tablets.

  9. Nursing Management Under the Background of "San Hao Yi Man Yi" Project%“三好一满意”活动下的护理管理

    王德国; 王立榕


    To effectively promote the" San Hao Yi Man Yi" project,it is necessary to strictly accordance with the deployment and requirements of the ministry of health,to do well in propaganda and mobilization of nursing staff,carry out the education for nursing staff of high quality nursing services,formulate the practical implementation of high quality nursing service work plan and work target,do well in the management of nursing staff,actively explore and implement the performance of the work system,change nursing work mode,deepen the reform of nursing work,improve the level of nursing personnel's medical ethics and strengthen nurses' consciousness of nursing disciplines.%要切实推进“三好一满意”活动卓有成效地开展,须严格按照卫生部的部署与要求,做好对护理人员的优质护理服务的教育工作,制定符合本单位实际的推行优质护理服务的工作计划与工作目标,做好对护理人员的配备与管理工作,积极探索并落实绩效工作制,深化护理工作改革,提高护理人员护理道德境界与水平,增强护理人员的护理法纪意识.

  10. Small angle scattering at the IBR-2 reactor Festschrift Ostanevich (Yu M)

    Gordeliy, V I


    This is a short review intended for the eminent Russian physicist professor Yu.M. Ostanevich, laureate of the 2000 Award of the Russian Federation on Science and Technology for substantial contribution to the development of highly effective SANS spectrometer at IBR-2. Not pretending to highlight all the numerous sides of his scientific activities, in this review we wanted to emphasize his decisive role in installation of the unique spectrometer at IBR-2 and his notable contribution to the development and investigation of different scientific fields at this spectrometer.

  11. [Textual research on Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) quoted in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica].

    Zhang, Ruixian; Zhang, Wei; Li, Jian; Liang, Fei


    Altogether 15 terms for Guang dong xin yu (New Sayings of Guangdong) were used in Ben cao gang mu shi yi (Supplements to Compendium of Materia Medica), including Yue yu (Cantonese sayings), Chong yu (Sayings from Insect Drug), Jie yu (Sayings from Crustacean Drug), Xin yu (New Sayings), Yue hai xiang yu (Fragrant Sayings from Cantonese Region), Yue zhi mu yu (Sayings from Plants in Cantonese Annals), Guang dong suo yu (Trivial Sayings from Guangdong), Yue shan lu (Records of Cantonese Mountains), Yue lu (Cantonese Records), Jiao guang lu (Joint Guangdong Records), Yue cao zhi (Records of Cantonese Grasses), Guang guo lu (Records of Guangdong Fruits), Nan yue suo ji (Trivial Records of Southern Canton), Guang zhi (Guangdong Records), Yue zhi (Cantonese Records) etc. dealing with 57 sorts of drugs (with individual overlapping ones), the author of Xin yu was Qu Dajun, a surviving fogy of the Ming Dynasty actively involved in the activities to restore the old dynasty and resist the Qing Dynasty, and was persecuted in the literary inquisition in which his works were burnt so that Zhao Xuemin, when quoting his texts, had to go in a roundabout way.

  12. 试述俞正燮妇女思想%On Yu Zhengxie's Thoughts on Women



    俞正燮,字理初,清安徽黟县人,是清嘉道年间的一位重要考据学家和思想家。少年时的俞正燮天资聪颖,喜好读书。后因家道变故,他不得不四处奔走,傭书为业,期间两次科考均名落孙山。在妇女思想方面,俞正燮大声疾呼男女平等,切实维护妇女权益,如他提出一夫一妻制、反对妇女缠足、抨击妇女贞洁观以及妒非女人恶德等。%Yu Zhengxie, with Lichu as his courtesy name, born in Yixian of Anhui in Qing Dynasty, is an important textual criticism scholar and thinker during Jiaqing and Daoguang period of Qing Dynasty. Young Yu Zhengxie was talented and loved reading. Afterwards, he had to go hither and thither and lived by copying books, and during this period he failed in official examinations twice. On women, he actively advocated gender equality, earnest-ly maintained women's rights, for example, he proposed one-wife for one-husband system, opposed foot binding, slashed the out-look on women's chastity and women's immorality.

  13. Comparison of congener profiles of polychlorinated biphenyls between Yu-cheng children and a potential food source

    Lung Shih-Chun Candice [Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica, Taipei (Taiwan); Guo Yu-Liang Leon; Chang Ho-Yuan [Dept. of Environmental and Occupational Health, Coll. of Medicine, National Cheng Kung Univ., Tainan (Taiwan)


    In 1979, about two thousand people in central Taiwan were intoxicated by consumption of the rice oil that was contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). This ''Yu-cheng'' incident was one of the two human tragedies which people ingested substantial amounts of PCBs within a short period of time. Some of the follow-up epidemiological studies focused on the children born to the exposed mothers, the Yu-cheng children, since they could be exposed to PCBs via breast-feeding or transplacental transfer. This report presents the results of the serum PCB levels of the 21 Yu-cheng children with a congener-specific analysis. On the other hand, fish consumption is thought to be the single most important exposure route to PCBs to the general public; thus, it is crucial to understand PCB exposure from fish consumption. In a separated study to assess PCB contamination in fish, PCB congener concentrations in tilapia (Oreochromis hybrids), the most popular fish in Taiwan, were evaluated. The consumption quantity of tilapia is the highest throughout the Island. It is mostly farmed in fresh water but can also be bred in saltwater. This report presents the concentrations and profiles in the serums of the Yu-cheng children. The congener profile is compared with PCB profile in the serum of Yu-cheng women reported previously and that in one of the potentially significant exposure source, tilapia, conducted in a separated work. Remarkable similarity between the profile of Yu-cheng children and that of the tilapia is revealed and discussed.

  14. Biopolítica, Gobierno y Salud Pública. Miradas para un diagnóstico diferencial, de Tuillang Yuing y Rodrigo Karmy

    Adán Salinas Araya


    Full Text Available Tuillang Yuing y Rodrigo Karmy (editores.Participan: Rodrigo Karmy, Philippe Monti, Mariela Cecilia Ávila, Tuillang Yuing, Miguel Kotow, Jimena Carrasco, Sandra Caponi,  Luis David Castiel, Yuri Carvajal, Jorge Gaete.Escuela de Salud Pública- Ocho Libros EdicionesOctubre 2014, 206 pp.ISBN: 978-956-335-213-9

  15. Biopolítica, Gobierno y Salud Pública. Miradas para un diagnóstico diferencial de Tuillang Yuing y Rodrigo Karmy

    Adán Salinas Araya


    Tuillang Yuing y Rodrigo Karmy (editores).Participan: Rodrigo Karmy, Philippe Monti, Mariela Cecilia Ávila, Tuillang Yuing, Miguel Kotow, Jimena Carrasco, Sandra Caponi,  Luis David Castiel, Yuri Carvajal, Jorge Gaete.Escuela de Salud Pública- Ocho Libros EdicionesOctubre 2014, 206 pp.ISBN: 978-956-335-213-9

  16. PREFACE: SANS-YuMO User Meeting at the Start-up of Scientific Experiments on the IBR-2M Reactor: Devoted to the 75th anniversary of Yu M Ostanevich's birth

    Gordely, Valentin; Kuklin, Alexander; Balasoiu, Maria


    The Second International Workshop 'SANS-YuMO User Meeting at the Start-up of Scientific Experiments on the IBR-2M Reactor', devoted to the 75th anniversary of the birth of Professor Yu M Ostanevich (1936-1992), an outstanding neutron physicist and the founder of small-angle neutron scattering (field, group, and instrument) at JINR FLNPh, was held on 27-30 May at the Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics. The first Workshop was held in October 2006. Research groups from different neutron centers, universities and research institutes across Europe presented more than 35 oral and poster presentations describing scientific and methodological results. Most of them were obtained with the help of the YuMO instrument before the IBR-2 shutdown in 2006. For the last four years the IBR-2 reactor has been shut down for refurbishment. At the end of 2010 the physical launch of the IBR-2M reactor was finally realized. Nowadays the small-angle neutron scattering (SANS) technique is applied to a wide range of scientific problems in condensed matter, soft condensed matter, biology and nanotechnology, and despite the fact that there are currently over 30 SANS instruments in operation worldwide at both reactor and spallation sources, the demand for beam-time is considerably higher than the time available. It must be remembered, however, that as the first SANS machine on a steady-state reactor was constructed at the Institute Laue Langevin, Grenoble, the first SANS instrument on a 'white' neutron pulsed beam was accomplished at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research at the IBR-30 reactor, beamline N5. During the meeting Yu M Ostanevich's determinative and crucial contribution to the construction of spectrometers at the IBR-2 high-pulsed reactor was presented, as well as his contribution to the development of the time-of-flight (TOF) small-angle scattering technique, and a selection of other scientific areas. His leadership and outstanding scientific achievements in applications of the

  17. La fuerza expresiva del deseo en Lan Yu de Stanley Kwan .

    David L. Eng


    Full Text Available Stanley Kwan's Lan Yu configures the emergence of homosexuality in contemporary China far beyond its validation in recognizably Western identitarian terms: the affirmation of an existing but misrecognized minority population; the defense of sexual "perversion"; the positing of sexual freedom, legal recognition, and political rights; the justification of a bourgeois consumer lifestyle, or even the expression of a universalizing and bindingtove bringing togethertwo abstract individuáis. Instead, in Kwan's film, homosexuality and its expressive desire mark the emergence of a new humanism in (postsocialist China under the shadows of global capitalism and neoliberal development. Gays and lesbians, that is, are harbingers of a new modernity, helping to situate China in its proper place within a cosmopolitan globalized world. From this perspective, homosexuality functions as a critical tool for organizing and evaluating the historical continuities and ruptures among China's (semicolonial past, its revolutionary aspirations for a socialist modernity, and its present investments in a neoliberal capitalist world order.

  18. On the Differences between Chinese and Western Culture--From Fighting Against the Flood of King Yu to Noah's Ark



    With the increasing cross-culture communication, more and more linguists come to realize that the cultural gap is a large obstacle in cultural transition and social intercourse.This paper discusses the differences between Chinese and Western culture from King Yu combating the flood to Noah's Ark to help Chinese communicate with westerners and develop Cross-Cultural Communication smoothly.

  19. Serum concentrations and profiles of polychlorinated biphenyls in Taiwan Yu-cheng victims twenty years after the incident

    Lung, S.-C. Candice [Research Center for Environmental Changes, Academia Sinica, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan 115 (China); Guo, Y.-L.L. [Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 138 Sheng-Li Rd., Tainan, Taiwan 70428 (China); Chang, H.-Y.[Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, 138 Sheng-Li Rd., Tainan, Taiwan 70428 (China)]. E-mail:


    In 1979, about 2000 people in central Taiwan were intoxicated via rice oil consumption that was contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). This 'Yu-cheng' incident was one of the two known major human PCB intoxication episodes. Twenty years after the intoxication, serum samples of 435 Yu-cheng victims, 414 adults and 21 children, were collected. Sixteen PCB congeners were analyzed with a gas chromatograph-electron capture detector. We found the median concentration of total PCBs in the adult serum was 1500 ng/g lipid, still substantially higher than that of the general population in Taiwan (3.7-fold) and most seafood consumers in the world. Most of analyzed PCB congeners in children were below or around the detection limits. Congener no. 138, however, had the highest concentrations, approximately accounting for 55% and 29% in the child and adult groups, respectively. Given that PCBs are persistent organic pollutants and endocrine disruptors, the concentrations and congener-specific profiles regarding the Yu-cheng victims provide valuable information for the investigation of such chemicals in humans. - Total serum PCBs in the Yu-cheng adult victims twenty years after the incident were still higher than that of the general population in Taiwan.

  20. Migration of Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 from Root to Stem and Leaves Inside Rice and Tobacco Plants

    CHIFeng; SHENShi-Hua; CHENSan-Feng; JINGYu-Xiang


    Azospirillum brasilense Tarrand, Krieg et Doebereiner is one of the important plant growthpromotion endophytes. A. brasilense Yu62 tagged with gfp gene was inoculated into roots of rice and tobacco seedlings, which were then, cultured in gnotobiotic condition. At a certain days after inoculation the different portions of the seedling were observed under laser confocal microscope, resulting in that A.brasilense Yu62 bacteria were colonized in epidermal and cortical cells, intercellular spaces and vascular system of stem and leaf tissue interiors besides in roots. Higher populations of the bacteria isolated from roots, stems and leaves indicated that A. brasilense Yu62 bacteria could ascend themselves from roots to stems and leaves of rice and tobacco. This observation lays down the foundation for ecology and cell morphology of bacterial migration inside plants, interaction between A. brasilense Yu62 bacteria and host cells as well as the plant-growth promotion, provides scientific basis for further application, and is of importance in science and practice.

  1. Evaluation of Chinese medicine Qian-Yu for chronic bacterial prostatitis in rats

    Jinhu Wu


    Full Text Available Objectives : Qian-Yu (QY, a Chinese medicine formula, has anti-inflammatory and broad spectrum anti-bacterial activity. This study is undertaken to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effects of Qian-Yu (QY in chronic bacterial prostatitis (CBP. Materials and Methods : The potential of QY in the treatment of CBP was evaluated using a CBP animal model by examining the anti-inflammatory activity. Its consequences were analyzed by immunological and histopathological methods. Experimental chronic bacterial prostatitis was induced by instillation of bacterial suspension of Escherichia coli 7.5 ΄ 10 5 CFU/ml into the prostatic urethra. Animals were followed up for four weeks and then treated with either 7 mg/kg QY or 7 mg/kg positive control agent-Qianlietai (QLT or 1 ml of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS for the controls. Ten rats in each group were sacrificed at the end of four weeks. The inhibition of inflammation and its consequences were analyzed histologically. Prostatic IL-8, SIgA and zinc concentrations were measured by ELISA, RIA and ICP-AES, respectively. The data was expressed as mean ± S.D. Least-significant difference (LSD of one-way ANOVA (SPSS 12.0 was used to determine the differences of scores. Results : The histopathology showed resolving prostatitis in QY-and QLT-treated groups and the immunology showed reduction of IL-8 and increment of SIgA contents in prostatic tissues as compared to the control groups. The prostatic zinc levels were higher in the QY-and QLT-treated groups than those in the controls. These results suggested that QY is effective in CBP treatment.




    Through the investigation and preliminary study of 19 kilnsites at Dang Yang Yu kiln , I basically master the modeling, decoration and fire craft of porcelain works with white glaze, dichroic glaze,twistable glaze, twistable color, dark brown glaze, black glaze, green glaze, Jun glaze and three-color glazed pottery, emerald glazed pottery of Dang Yang Yu kiln, and find the material about “double-firing process” .Through the investigation, I find Dang Yang Yu kiln' s first burning was in the late Tang Dynasty. During its first burning and development phases, Dang Yang Yu kiln was influenced by Gongyi kiln, Yaozhou kiln,Xing kiln, Ding kiln, Cizhou kiln, Jun kiln and other kilns nearby at different degree. The generalized Dang Yang Yu kiln is Huaiqing kiln according to the literature, and the ancient kiln at Boai county local is Henei kiln. Dang Yang Yu kiln reached its height of prosperity at Song and Jin period, it influenced and promoted the development of Zibo kiln and other kilns nearby, and went down to Qing Dynasty. Besides satisfying common market consumption, Dang Yang Yu kiln also went into the rank of tribute because of its outstanding quality.%通过对当阳峪窑19处窑址的考察与初步研究,基本掌握了当阳峪窑白釉、双色釉、绞胎、绞彩、酱釉、黑釉、青釉、钧釉瓷器和三彩、翠兰釉陶器的造型、装饰和烧造工艺,发现"二次烧成"的资料.通过研究,发现当阳峪窑始烧于唐代晚期.在其创烧与发展阶段,受到了巩义窑、耀州窑、邢窑、定窑、磁州窑及钧窑等周边窑口不同程度的影响.广义的当阳峪窑即文献记载的怀庆窑,博爱县地域的古代窑场即文献记载的河内窑.当阳峪窑在宋金时期达到鼎盛,影响、促进了淄博窑等周边窑口的发展,并延续至清代.除了满足一般性的市场消费,由于品质优秀,还跻身贡奉之列.

  3. A Study of Formation and Development of One Kind of Cyclone on the Mei-yu (Baiu) Front

    张凤; 赵思雄


    The paper presents one diagnosis of baroclinity and the coupling of jets during the developing process of a cyclone that occurred on the mei-yu (Baiu) front around the end of the second stage of the mei-yu (Baiu)in 1998. Results have shown that: (1) The advantageous changes of upper-level large-scale circulation caused the appearance and maintenance of the coupling between the upper-level jet (ULJ) and lower-level jet (LLJ) over the cyclone's area. The coupling of jets in this case possesses some different characteristics from previous cases. Moreover, the coupling between the ULJ and LLJ caused the intensification of both lower-level convergence and upper-level divergence, which was favorable for the development of this cyclone. (2) From the analysis of the voricity budget, the role of lower-level convergence in the development of the cyclone was emphasized. Divergent wind in the lower troposphere was a direct contributor to the development of the cyclone. (3) During the development of the cyclone, cold air and warm air were_active over the cyclone's domain. Although this cyclone occurred at the mei-yu (Baiu) front, its development assumed baroclinity to a certain extent, which was just the main difference between this kind of cyclone and the first kind of low which is usually barotropic (or quasi-barotropic). (4) In recent years, studies on mei-yu front lows have paid more attention to the lower troposphere. In this paper, the analysis of the energy budget further supports this point: the certain effect of baroclinity forcing in the upper troposphere on mei-yu front lows cannot be ignored.

  4. 相门出相--试论史浩对史弥远之影响%The Minsisters in the Home of a Statesman:the Influence of Shi Hao on Shi Mi-yuan



    四明史氏为南宋历史上罕有的宰相世家,史浩、史弥远、史嵩之先后为相,尤其是史弥远,执掌朝政更长达26年,令史氏家族显赫一时。史弥远早年虽曾一度师从理学中人,但对理学思想的接受较为有限,他在政治上深受其父史浩影响,他参与政变、对外主和以及用人方式等方面,无不或直接或间接的在效仿乃父。%In the Southern Song Dynasty, the family of Shi is an uncommon prime minister family. Shi Hao, Shi Mi-yuan and Shi Song-zhi successively served as prime ministers. Shi Mi-yuan was typical since he served as a prime minister for 26 years. In his youth Shi Mi-yuan has studied with some parapsychologists, but he did not accept neo-confucianism. His political thought roots from his father Shi Hao. He always imitated his father in taking part in coup attempts, foreign policy and employment approach.

  5. 專論/運用主題地圖於資源示意圖之研究/彭于軒;柯皓仁 | The Study of Using Topic Map in Pathfinder / Yu-Xuan Peng; Hao-Ren Ke



    Full Text Available

    圖書館資源示意圖(pathfinders提供選定主題之館藏資源的介紹和指引,是一項圖書館主動提供知識給讀者的服務。由於紙本和網頁版資源示 意圖的服務仍有待改善,且主題地圖(topic maps串連主題(topics、關聯(associatlon、資源指引(occurrences 的特性,可說是相當符合資源指引工具之設計,因此本研究乃以中華大學圖書館為研究對象,運用主題地圖建置該館的資源示意圖。本研究首先透過文獻探討以了解 國內外圖書館資源示意圖之格式內容、特色與相關研究,以及主題地圖的歷史發展、工具、使用狀況和在圖書館領域的運用情況。其次,由於研究之初,中華大學圖 書館並無現成之網頁版資源示意圖,是以進行系所資源之分類及蒐集、網路連結之查找等工作,以建置網頁版資源示意圖。研究的重點則是將主題地圖運用於資源示 意圖之實作,定義其主題、關聯、資源指引等三元素的型態(types及內容,稱之為主題地圖資源指引。在工具的選擇方面,則使用免費的主題地圖應用程式 編輯器─TM4L。主題地圖資源指引具有提供主題關聯的分類方式、構想具創意、介面易使用,以及增加相關館藏資源搜尋的便利性等優點。圖書館未來則必須考 量此部分之人力配置,將維護主題地圖資源指引視為一長期性之工作,方能將主題地圖資源指引之功用發揮至淋漓盡致。

    By providing introduction and direction for chosen topics, pathfinders can actively help users. Due to the drawback of paper-based and HTML-based pathfinders, this research aims at designing a new style of pathfinders by means of Topic Maps, one advantage of which lies in integrating the characteristics of topics, associations and occurrences. In this research, we study the HTML-based pathfinder of Chung Hua University Library and create a new type of pathfinders by using Topic Maps. In order to research into the formats, contents, and features of pathfinders in domestic and overseas libraries, this study started with literature review. Furthermore, this study also discussed the evolution, tools, as well as the utilization of Topic Maps in libraries. However, due to the lack of a HTML-based Pathfinder in the Chung Hua University Library, in the initial stage of this research, a HTML-based pathfinder for the Chung Hua University Library was created. The related tasks for creating this HTML-based pathfinder include, collecting, classifying, and providing correct Internet access to departmental resources. Then, in order to apply the Topic Map to the Pathfinder, this study defined the types and contents about topics, associations, and occurrences. TM4L, a free tool for Topic Maps, was used to create the Topic Map Pathfinder. A Topic Map Pathfinder has any advantages, such as topic assortment, creative conception, easier interface and more facilities to find related collection. In the future, library managers have to allocate adequate human and to maintain Topic Maps Pathfinders persistently, so the effect of the system can be more significant.


  6. Introduction to Specialist Introduction to YU Zi-hao, winner of the Fourth JIN Xian-zhai Memorial Prize in Breast Cancer Research%第四届"金显宅乳腺癌研究纪念奖"获奖专家余子豪教授简介


    @@ 余子豪,1938年1月出生,浙江省杭州市人,主任医师,博士生导师,放疗科首席专家.1960年6月毕业于上海第一医学院医疗系.毕业后历任肿瘤医院放疗科住院医师、主治医师、副主任医师,1991年任主任医师,曾任中国医学科学院肿瘤研究所副所长、肿瘤医院院长兼放疗科主任.

  7. Color Difference Detection of Technology Ceramic Tile Based on CIE YU'V'%基于CIE YU'V'的瓷砖颜色色差检测技术

    黄颖怡; 汪仁煌; 蔡建新


    为实现瓷砖颜色分级的自动检测,提出一种基于CIE YU'V'空间的色差计算方法.该方法将数据从RGB颜色空间转换CIE YU'V'均匀颜色空间,利用U'、V'分量计算标准瓷砖与被测瓷砖的色差.通过对总体平均色差和小区域窗口色差进行分析,确定瓷砖颜色等级.该方法对颜色匀度及缺陷具有一定的检测效果.

  8. Maps of Relocation and Poems of Tang Dynasty Poets: Li Bai, Du Fu, and Han Yu

    羅鳳珠、白璧玲、廖泫銘、范毅軍 、鄭錦全 Feng-Ju Lo,Pi-Ling Pai,Hsiung-Ming Liao,I-Chun Fan,Chin-Chuan Cheng


    Full Text Available Geographic environments affect literary contents and genre and thus, since ancient times, geographical area has been used to classify Chinese literature. In 1936 Liang Qichao was keenly aware of the relationship between literature and geography and brought up the idea of “literarygeography”. In 1979 Professor Chen Zhengxiang produced maps of birthplaces of Tang and Song poets to show the shift of Chinese cultural center from north to south. Furthermore, in the pastdecade, the attention to research in literary geography and geographical distribution of writersgradually increased. However, most studies focused on geographical distribution of birthplaces of writers and very few focused on the relationship between poets’ journey and the contents of their writings and their geographic environment. Meanwhile, geographic information system and aerialphotography have developed quickly and have become useful tools for the study of literary geography.Since then, the academic circles in Taiwan have built a solid foundation in this area. While Li Baiand Du Fu were called poetic immortal and poetic sage of the middle and end periods of the heydayof Tang Dynasty, respectively, Han Yu advocated the classical Chinese movement and becameone of the eight great authors of Tang and Song dynasties. Han Yu was also the best representative of Middle Tang poets. While the styles of these three poets differed from each other, they held key positions in the development and evolution of Tang poetry. Their footprints spread all over the countryand greatly affected later developments and contemporary of poetry. This project makes use of the digital Tang Dynasty maps by Tan Qixiang, Tang Dynasty transportation route maps by Yan Gengwang,aerial maps, the All Tang Poems, and chronicles of the poets to build the three poets’ relocation maps and study their poetic literature, language, geography, and interactions with others, in hopesof opening a new research direction

  9. The Significance of The Internet Finance in China-as Yu Ebao for example

    Liang Jialin


    Today,in China,the internet finance appears and develops fast,in addition,the strengthening of network security, the development of mobile Internet,cloud computing,big data,all the relevant information technology in domestic development is ex-tremely fast and provides powerful support for the development of finance in China.Over the years,basically,Chinese financial indus-try is dominated by the banks and the banks mainly serve the state-owned large and medium-sized enterprises and government finan-cing platform.Under such environment,the regulations for the Internet finance.the people's bank of China,the China banking regula-tory commission,securities and insurance regulatory commission,and other financial regulators are issued to support the development of the Internet financial signals.Meanwhile,the emergence of zong an online,Internet marketing insurance license,P2P,Yu Ebao show the supports of the government to the development of the Internet finance.

  10. On the Hermit of Yu Pingpo%论俞平伯的"隐逸"

    许海丽; 徐元绍


    俞平伯是中国现代隐逸文学的代表性作家之一,在他身上体现出了现代隐逸的种种特质.他隐于自然,在美丽的山水中表现自我,感悟人生;他隐于书斋,读书著书,教书育人;他隐于宗教,近佛结禅心,以宽容豁达的态度对待一切;他隐于昆曲艺术,唱曲谱曲,用昆曲的美妙缔结了他与爱妻的一世情缘.%Yu Pingpo is one of the representative Chinese hermit writers, and he embodies the idiosyncrasy of modern hermit. He lives in nature, displaying himself in landscape and comprehending of the true meaning of life. He lives in companionship of books as he indulges himself in reading books and writing books and at the same time he imparts knowledge and educates people. He also believes in religion, firmly believing in Buddhism and treating everything in a tolerant and open-minded way. In addition, he is full of enthusiasm about Kunqu opera, singing the lyrics, composing the music and plighting himself to his beloved wife.

  11. M.Yu. Lermontov’s linguistic/literary personality through perspective of linguistic personality perception by philologist V.V. Vinogrado

    Larisa N. Kuznetsova


    Full Text Available The article considers M.Yu. Lermontov’s linguistic / literary personality through perspective of linguistic personality perception by Great Russian scientist-philologist and linguist, Academician V.V. Vinogradov.

  12. Primary Exploration about Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu%庾信《拟连珠》初探



    在对连珠体的形成与演变加以概述的基础上,从题旨、语言形式与艺术表现手法、逻辑推理方式三方面探究了庾信《拟连珠》的艺术成就,并将其与陆机的《演连珠》进行比较,认为庾信的《拟连珠》虽直接脱胎于陆机的《演连珠》,但正是经过庾信的点化,才使得连珠获得了自我的个性生命色彩。%On the basis of summarizing the condition about Lian-Zhu's formation and evolvement,this thesis has explored the artistic achievement of about Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu from three aspects:thematic role;form of language and artistic technique of expression,and compared it with Lu Ji's Yan Lian-Zhu,this thesis considered,although Yu Xin's Ni Lian-Zhu comes directly from Lu Ji's Yan Lian-Zhu,Lian-Zhu is no other than sublimated by Yu Xin's,it then has received its own individual living feature.

  13. Downscaling of the climatic change in the Mei-yu rainband in East Asia by a pseudo climate simulation method

    Kawase, H.; Yoshikane, T.; Hara, M. [JAMSTEC, Yokohama (Japan). Frontier Research Center for Global Change; Ailikun, B. [Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing (China). Institute of Atmospheric Physics; Kimura, F. [JAMSTEC, Yokohama (Japan). Frontier Research Center for Global Change]|[Univ. of Tsukuba (Japan). Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences; Yasunari, T. [JAMSTEC, Yokohama (Japan). Frontier Research Center for Global Change]|[Nagoya Univ. (Japan). Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center


    This study focuses on the reproducibility of the climatic change in the early summer rainfall in East Asia (Mei-yu rainband) by the Pseudo Climate Simulation (PCS) using a regional climate model. In the PCS, the lateral boundary condition is given by the composite of six hourly reanalysis data and the difference between two decadal climate means. The daily variation on the lateral boundary of the PCS is similar to that of the control hindcast in one decade, but its climate is the same as the other decadal mean. The PCS accurately reproduces the change in the Mei-yu rainband over Southern China between the 1960s and the 1990s, suggesting that the climatic features of the Mei-yu rainband are controlled by the climatic change in a large-scale circulation. The PCS reduces the uncertainty caused by the interannual variability in case of the downscaling of global warming projected by the General Circulation Models (GCMs) even if the number of sample years is the same as that in the conventional dynamical downscaling. The PCS can also exclude model biases in the present climatology reproduced by each GCM.

  14. Speaking into Poetry, Light Sauvignon Language --Read MENG Hao-ran's Poetry%口语入诗 语淡味浓——解读孟浩然的几首七绝



    孟浩然是唐代第一个大量写山水田园诗的人,与王维齐名,世称"王孟"。孟浩然的诗清新俊逸,流畅华美,广为流传。有些诗作口语入诗,语淡而味浓,彰显其浓厚的生活底蕴与超脱闲适,隐逸自安的情怀。%MENG Hao-ran was the first people to write nature poetry in Tang Dynasty, par with WANG Wei. The poetry of MENG was fresh toshihaya, smooth gorgeous and widespread. Some verses speaking into poetry and light sauvignon language, showed great living heritage and leisure, safely and feelings of self-seclusion.

  15. Colonization of Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 in Wheat Via EGFP%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62的EGFP标记及其在小麦体内的定殖研究

    刘华伟; 王庆贺; 张宏; 王蕊; 肖红利; 郭蔼光


    以质粒pEGFP-C1为模板,采用PCR方法特异性扩增增强型绿色荧光蛋白(EGFP)基因全长序列,将其与原核表达载体pVK-100连接,构建成重组载体pVK-EGFP.利用电转化法将重组载体导入巴西固氮螺菌Yu62中,得到EGFP标记菌株.用EGFP标记菌接种小麦'小偃107'种子,室内限菌条件下培养10 d后,用荧光显微镜观测标记菌在小麦体内的定殖规律并观察接菌植株的田间生长状况.结果显示,巴西固氮螺菌Yu62能定殖于小麦根毛区、茎组织的细胞间隙等部位,而且接菌小麦'小偃107'植株在根系发育、株高、分蘖数等方面比对照有较明显的优势.研究表明,巴西固氮螺菌Yu62能够定殖于小麦根茎内,并具有促进植物生长的作用.

  16. Quantitative Analysis of Yu Ebao Based on Linear Regression Model%基于线性回归模型的余额宝价值分析



    余额宝以其较低的门槛让更多的人接触到货币基金。通过介绍余额宝的主体框架以及2013年余额宝的收益和费用情况,建立线性回归模型,定量分析了余额宝的收益。经过研究发现:可以怀疑在高额利益的背后余额宝公司可能存在前期的贴息问题以吸引客户;余额宝通过协议存款将利润从银行转给客户的同时,并且在一定程度上也把风险转嫁给了客户;余额宝给金融行业带来了革命性的创新是不可否认的,同时也带来了潜在的系统性风险。%Yu Ebao,with its low threshold, let more people access to the monetary fund.Through detailed introduction of the main frame of Yu Ebao ,and the income and expenses of Yu Ebao.Establish a linear regression model,to analysis the Yu Ebao quantitatively.Through the study found that: in order to attract customers,Yu Ebao may have the problem of interests behind the high profits;Yu Ebao transfer the profit to customers from bank through agreement deposits ,and to a certain extent also the risk on to their customers at the same time ;Yu Ebao has brought the revolutionary innovation to the financial industry is undeniable,but also brought the potential systemic risk.

  17. Supercavitation Advances and Perspectives A collection dedicated to the 70th jubilee of YuN Savchenko


    This collection is dedicated to the 70th jubilee of Yu. N. Savchenko, and presents experimental, theoretical, and numerical investigations written by an international group of well-known authors. The contributions solve very important problems of the high-speed hydrodynamics, such as supersonic motion in water, drag diminishing, dynamics and stability of supercavitating vehicles, water entry and hydrodynamic performances of hydrofoils, ventilated cavities after a disc and under the ship bottom. The  book is written for researches, scientists, engineers, and students interested in problems of hydromechanics.

  18. Introduction to ba-yu culture in the animation creation practice--“who sent lfowers to animation, for example



    Cultural Creative Industries Cultural and Creative Industries, is a kind of economic globalization under the background of the creativity as the core of the emerging Industries, emphasis on a subject or Cultural factors depend on personal (team) through the industrialization of technology, Creative, and ways of industry development, marketing, intellectual property rights. With the high-speed development of creative cultural industry. As a cultural creative industries in the animation industry began to rise rapidly across the country. Based on the creation of animation who sent flowers as an example, analyzes how the ba-yu culture in the animation creation practice. Hope to be able to achieve this effect.

  19. Edward Denison, Guang Yu Ren, Luke Him Sau Architect: China’s Missing Modern, Chichester: John Wiley & Son

    Kögel, Eduard


    This book by Edward Denison and Guang Yu Ren is one of the first of its kind, focusing on the biography of a first-generation architect from twentieth-century China. Like his fellow architects of that period, Luke Him Sau (Lu Qianshou, 陸謙受, 1904-1991) belonged to a group of architects educated at a Western school with a formal academic tradition. In late 1930s this generation designed the curricula for the architectural education system in China according to their experience in the West. The ...

  20. 关于《芋粥》的叙事分析%On the narrative analysis of "Yu Zhou"



      "Yu Zhou" is the history written novel based on "Akutagawa". Both in content and in form, his original creation is recreated again. Recreation of forms is mainly embodied in that the narrator is "explicit". Through analysis of the narrator's type in "Yu Zhou", can be better for the text narrative analysis.%  《芋粥》是芥川龙之介取材于《今昔物语集》写就的历史题材的小说。无论从内容上还是从形式上,芥川都对原作进行了再创作。形式上的再创作主要体现在让叙述者“外显”这一点上。而通过分析《芋粥》中叙述者的类型,可以更好地对文本进行叙事分析

  1. Ground-based radar reflectivity mosaic of mei-yu precipitation systems over the Yangtze River-Huaihe River basins

    Luo, Yali; Qian, Weimiao; Gong, Yu; Wang, Hongyan; Zhang, Da-Lin


    The 3D radar reflectivity produced by a mosaic software system, with measurements from 29 operational weather radars in the Yangtze River-Huaihe River Basins (YRHRB) during the mei-yu season of 2007, is compared to coincident TRMM PR observations in order to evaluate the value of the ground-based radar reflectivity mosaic in characterizing the 3D structures of mei-yu precipitation. Results show reasonable agreement in the composite radar reflectivity between the two datasets, with a correlation coefficient of 0.8 and a mean bias of -1 dB. The radar mosaic data at constant altitudes are reasonably consistent with the TRMM PR observations in the height range of 2-5 km, revealing essentially the same spatial distribution of radar echo and nearly identical histograms of reflectivity. However, at altitudes above 5 km, the mosaic data overestimate reflectivity and have slower decreasing rates with height compared to the TRMM PR observations. The areas of convective and stratiform precipitation, based on the mosaic reflectivity distribution at 3-km altitude, are highly correlated with the corresponding regions in the TRMM products, with correlation coefficients of 0.92 and 0.97 and mean relative differences of -7.9% and -2.5%, respectively. Finally, the usefulness of the mosaic reflectivity at 3-km altitude at 6-min intervals is illustrated using a mesoscale convective system that occurred over the YRHRB.

  2. Comparative Studies of Different Mesoscale Convection Parameterization Schemes in the Simulation of Mei-Yu Front Heavy Rain

    PING Fan; LUO Zhe-Xian


    The mei-yu front heavy rainstorms occurred over Nanjing on 3-5 and 8-9 July 2003 and were simu-lated in this paper using the Weather Research and Fore-casting Model (WRFv3.1) with various mesoscale con-vection parameterization schemes (MCPSs). The simula-tions show that the temporal and spatial evolution and distribution of rainstorms can be modeled; however, there was incongruity between the comparative simulations of four different MCPSs and the observed data. These dis-parities were exhibited in the simulations of both the 24-hour surface rainfall total and the hourly precipitation rate. Further analysis revealed that the discrepancies of vertical velocity and the convective vorticity vector (CVV) between the four simulations were attributed to the devia-tion of rainfall values. In addition, the simulations show that the mid-scale convection, particularly the mesoscale convection system (MCS) formation, can be well simu-lated with the proper mesoscale convection parameteriza-tion schemes and may be a crucial factor of the mei-yu front heavy rainstorm. These results suggest that, in an effort to enhance simulation'and prediction of heavy rain-fall and rainstorms, subsequent studies should focus on the development and improvement of MCPS.

  3. 从生成至对接与深化--于赓虞研究述评%From Generation to Docking and Deepening:An Overview of Studies on YU Geng-yu



    YU Geng-yu’s research can be divided into two stages:the research from 1923 to 1949 was often done by his friends,who opened the channel of YU Geng-yu ’s research in the poetic content,artistic form and influence at home and abroad.People of that time passed different judgments on the content and form of his poetry both positively and negatively.Some review involved complex human factors.The study after 1980 was the period of comprehensive deepening.Research on Poetry was gradually deepened based on the previous stage.Extraterritorial impact source extended from Shelley to Baudelaire,“rubayat”,Kuriyagawa,Wordsworth and so on.Diversity of poetry stage ,life experience of poets and poetic theory received more attention,which means that a new field of research was opened and research ideas and research method are also updated.%于赓虞研究可分为两个阶段:1923—1949年的研究多为其好友所作,在诗歌内容、艺术形式、中外影响等方面为于赓虞研究打开了通道,其中,诗歌的情感内容与艺术形式时人毁誉不一,牵涉到复杂的人事因素;1980年后的研究为全面深化期,诗歌方面在延续前一阶段研究的基础上逐渐深化,影响源由雪莱扩展至波德莱尔、《鲁拜集》、厨川白村和华兹华斯等,诗歌分期多样化,生平经历和诗论获得关注,意味着开辟了新的研究领域,研究观念和研究方法也得以更新。

  4. Transcriptomic Profiling Reveals Complex Molecular Regulation in Cotton Genic Male Sterile Mutant Yu98-8A.

    Weiping Fang

    Full Text Available Although cotton genic male sterility (GMS plays an important role in the utilization of hybrid vigor, its precise molecular mechanism remains unclear. To characterize the molecular events of pollen abortion, transcriptome analysis, combined with histological observations, was conducted in the cotton GMS line, Yu98-8A. A total of 2,412 genes were identified as significant differentially expressed genes (DEGs before and during the critical pollen abortion stages. Bioinformatics and biochemical analysis showed that the DEGs mainly associated with sugars and starch metabolism, oxidative phosphorylation, and plant endogenous hormones play a critical and complicated role in pollen abortion. These findings extend a better understanding of the molecular events involved in the regulation of pollen abortion in genic male sterile cotton, which may provide a foundation for further research studies on cotton heterosis breeding.

  5. [Professor ZHANG Yu-Lian's experiences in treatment of post-stroke ataxia by regulating marrow sea acupuncture].

    Zhang, Su-Ling


    The experiences and characteristics of professor ZHANG Yu-lian in regulating marrow sea acupuncture for treatment of post-stroke ataxia is introduced. Professor ZHANG established regulating marrow sea acupuncture based on the fundamentals of traditional Chinese medicine combined with brain functional region projection and cerebrovascular distribution of modern medicine. "Three acupoints regulating balance" "3 acupoints regulating transportation" "3 acupoints regulating tremor" and Fengchi (GB 20), Fengfu (GB 16), Wangu (GB 12), Tianzhu (BL 10) and C3-C6 Jiaji (Ex-B2) acupoints were applied in this kind of manipulation. We combined holding spirits of doctor and patient together, and controlled the sensation transduction with different manipulations to reach the foci, which emphasis on the doctor-patient cooperation and body-mind co-regulation, finally promote patients' comprehensive rehabilitation.

  6. 赤壁之战后的周瑜考论%On Zhou Yu After The Chibi Battle



    周瑜等在赤壁之战获胜后发动江陵之战,并最终迫使曹仁撤走。占领南郡江陵等地使得孙权后来在与刘备就荆州问题的交涉中处于较为有利的地位。刘备赴江东谈判“都督荆州”之事,周瑜、吕范劝孙权借机留下刘备。不过孙权接受了鲁肃的建c义,对刘备采取笼络、联合的立场,但又力求从刘备那谋取一定实际利益。周瑜向孙权提出先攻取巴蜀、汉中而后进占襄阳的战略规划。他或想到刘备以后会染指益州.因此主张先西进益州,这样可挤压刘备未来的战略发展空间,实现“二分天下”的目标。他的病逝使这一战略规划未能实现。赤壁之战后的周瑜是江东方面向外扩张的急进派,而且他抓住了向荆州扩张的机会。%Zhou Yu and other commanders launched the Jiangling Battle after their victory in the Chibi Battle, and later forced Cao Ren to retreat. After occupying Jiangling and some other places in Nanjun, Sun Quan strengthened his position in the negotiation on Jingzhou with Liu Bei. Liu Bei went to Jiangdong to carry on negotiations on his controlling Jingzhou, but Zhou Yu and Lu Fan advised Sun Quan to detain him. However, Sun Quan was persuaded by Lu Su to ally with Liu Bei, though with seeking certain benefits from the latter. Zhou Yu produced a strategic planning to capture Ba, Shu and Hanzhong, and then occupy Xiangyang. Perhaps at that time he realized Liu Bei would attack Yizhou later, so he argued for marching westwards to Yizhou in advance in order to squeeze the future strategic space of Liu Bei, and achieved his objectives of "dividing the empire into two parts". This strategic planning was not carried out because of his death. Zhou Yu belonged to the radical expansionists in Jiangdong after the Chibi Battle, and he seized the chance to expand into Jingzhou.

  7. On the Differences between Chinese and Western Culture——From Fighting Against the Flood of King Yu to Noah’s Ark



    With the increasing cross-culture communication,more and more linguists come to realize that the cultural gap is a large obstacle in cultural transition and social intercourse.This paper discusses the differences between Chinese and Western culture from King Yu combating the flood to Noah’s Ark to help Chinese communicate with westerners and develop CrossCultural Communication smoothly.

  8. WANG Yongping,Zhonggu shiren qianyi yu wenhua jiaoliu%王永平:《中古士人迁移与文化交流》



    @@ In Zhonggu shiren qianyi yu wenhua jiaoliu (Literati migration and culturalexchange in the medieval period), Wang Yongping argues that large-scalerelocation and dislocation of shiren or educated elite during the medieval period(220-581) contributed greatly to the spread of region-specific learning traditions,religious practices, and social customs.

  9. Contrasts of Atmospheric Circulation and Associated Tropical Convection between Huaihe River Valley and Yangtze River Valley Mei-yu Flooding

    HONG Jieli; LIU Yimin


    The significant differences of atmospheric circulation between flooding in the Huaihe and Yangtze River valleys during early mei-yu (i.e.,the East Asian rainy season in June) and the related tropical convection were investigated.During the both flooding cases,although the geopotential height anomalies always exhibit equivalent barotropic structures in middle to high latitudes at middle and upper troposphere,the phase of the Rossby wave train is different over Eurasian continent.During flooding in the Huaihe River valley,only one single blocking anticyclone is located over Baikal Lake.In contrast,during flooding in the Yangtze River valley,there are two blocking anticyclones.One is over the Ural Mountains and the other is over Northeast Asia.In the lower troposphere a positive geopotential height anomaly is located at the western ridge of subtropical anticyclone over Western Pacific (SAWP) in both flooding cases,but the location of the height anomaly is much farther north and west during the Huaihe River mei-yu flooding.Furthermore,abnormal rainfall in the Huaihe River valley and the regions north of it in China is closely linked with the latent heating anomaly over the Arabian Sea and Indian peninsula.However,the rainfall in the Yangtze River valley and the regions to its south in China is strongly related to the convection over the western tropical Pacific.Numerical experiments demonstrated that the enhanced latent heating over the Arabian Sea and Indian peninsula causes water vapor convergence in the region south of Tibetan Plateau and in the Huaihe River valley extending to Japan Sea with enhanced precipitation; and vapor divergence over the Yangtze River valley and the regions to its south with deficient precipitation.While the weakened convection in the tropical West Pacific results in moisture converging over the Yangtze River and the region to its south,along with abundant rainfall.

  10. 论《国语》的史学特色%On historical features of Guo Yu



    先秦时期是我国史学的兴起时期,先后出现了《春秋》、《左传》、《国语》、《竹书纪年》、《世本》、《战国策》等历史著述,为后世了解春秋战国时期的政治、文化提供了较为丰富的史料。就《国语》而言,作为我国历史上第一部“分国记言”的史书,主要运用特定的对话形式展现了这一时期诸侯国之间的政治和社会历史状况,它的体裁和风格、内容以及史学意识也都对后世史学产生了重要影响,是先秦史学的重要代表。%Pre-Qin period witnessed the booming of China’ s historical studies, in which such historical books as The Spring and Autumn Annals, Guo Yu, Bamboo Annals, Shi Ben and Intrigues of the Warring States were suc-cessively compiled.These books provided the future generations with valuable historical records about the politics and culture in Spring and Autumn and the Warring States periods.Guo Yu, the first history book in China’ s his-tory in which each state was given its respective description, depicted the politics, society and history in the member states in a special colloquial style.Its genres, style, content and the infused historical awareness have exerted great influnce on the historical studies in the future generations, which makes it a representative work in historical studies in pre-Qin periods.

  11. 长期施用氮肥对土壤细菌硝化基因多样性及组成的影响%Effect of Long-Term Application of Nitrogen Fertilizer on the Diversity of Nitrifying Genes (amoA and hao) in Paddy Soil

    陈春兰; 吴敏娜; 魏文学


    以中国科学院桃源农业生态试验站水稻长期定位试验为平台(28°55′49.8″N,111°26′25.7″E),运用PCR、克隆文库构建等分子生物学技术研究长期单施氮肥(尿素)对亚硝化基因(amoA和hao)多样性及其群落结构的影响.结果表明,长期单施氮肥使amoA基因多样性降低(Shannon指数减少了11%),而hao基因多样性几乎不受影响,对amoA优势基因型的影响大于对hao基因的影响;长期施用氮肥使amoA和hao基因的菌群组成分别发生了显著性(p=0.02)和极显著性变化(p=0.002).系统发育分析表明amoA基因主要与未经培养的氨氧化细菌基因相似,相似率主要集中在86%~99%,可能主要来自亚硝化螺菌属;而hao基因主要与Silicibacteria、亚硝化螺菌属(Nitrosospira)和甲基球菌属(Methylococcus)相似,相似率在66%~80%,长期施用氮肥使hao基因主要集中在α-Proteobacteria纲且与Silicibacteria有较近的亲缘关系.总体来说,长期单施氮肥使水稻土中亚硝化基因amoA的多样性降低,使amoA与hao的群落组成发生显著变化.%The aim of this study was to determine the effect of long-term ( 16 years) application of nitrogen fertilizer on the diversity of nitrifying genes (amoA and hao) in paddy soil on the basis of long-term paddy field experimental station (started in 1990) located in Taoyuan, with the molecular approaches of PCR, constructing libraries and sequencing. The fertilizer was urea and no fertilizer was as control. The Shannon index showed that long-term application of nitrogen fertilizer made the diversity of amoA gene descend while no effect on the diversity of hao gene. The LIBSHUFF statistical analyses demonstrated that both amoA and hao libraries of CK and N treatments were significantly different from each other and the rarefaction curves of libraries failed to meet the plateaus indicating that there were lots kinds of genes haven't been detected. The results of blasting with GenBank and

  12. Exploration of WANG Hao style over-the-table twist-pulling technique teaching and training%王皓式台内拧拉技术教学与训练探讨



    The author analyzed such technical challenges in WANG Hao style over-the-table twist-pulling technique as “tilt the paddle somewhat forward, bend the wrist counterclockwise and raise the elbow joint outward to the limit”, and revealed that for a halfway player, the key to success in learning a new technique is to get over negative skill transformation. During teaching and training, the author designed a movement procedure in which psychology is combined with technique, a training method used to focus on inner attention by utilizing“the second signal sys-tem (language)”. Prior to twist-pulling, the player meditates this procedure (he/she can vigorously twist the ball only after he/she has bent the wrist counterclockwise to the limit and raised the elbow joint outward to the limit), so as to enhance his/her inner attention, constantly reduce, overcome or even eliminate the effect of negative skill transfor-mation, and ultimately master this new technique. However, as for a high performance player who has already mas-tered WANG Hao style over-the-table twist-pulling technique, he/she needs no inner attention, otherwise, it will damage his/her unconscious competence, obstruct the execution of skill automation, do no good but harm to skill exertion, which should be adequately noted by various coaches and players.%对王皓式台内拧拉技术难点“握拍压得较前倾,手腕沿逆时针方向弯曲大及肘关节向外抬高到极限的拧拉技法”进行了分析。结果表明:对半路出家运动员而言,学习新技术成功与否关键是要过技能负迁移关。在教学训练中设计了心理与技术相结合的动作程序,利用“第二信号系统”(语言)来集中内在注意力的训练方法。在拧拉前默念此程序(“手腕沿逆时针方向弯曲至极限,肘关节向外抬高至极限”,才能发力拧。)来提高内在注意力,不断减轻、克服甚至消除技能负迁移的影响,最终才能掌握

  13. Cloning and Functional Analysis of glnB from Azospirilum brasilense Yu62%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 glnB基因的克隆及其功能分析

    李周华; 陈三凤; 李季伦


    通过原位杂交从巴西固氮螺菌Yu62的基因文库中,筛选到glnB基因的阳性克隆,将3.7kb/EcoRI+PstI的阳性克隆亚克隆到pUC19中,进行了全序列分析,其在GenBank中的登记号是AF323960。DNA序列分析表明该阳性克隆含有完整的glnB基因,glnB基因下游是编码谷氨酰胺合成酶(GS)的glnA基因,glnB基因上游是一个编码未知蛋白的ORF。glnB基因编码区长336bp,编码112个氨基酸,与肺炎克氏杆菌、大豆慢生根瘤菌、豌豆根瘤菌及大肠杆菌在氨基酸顺序的同源性分别高达71%、77%、79%和69%。将卡那霉素抗性片段(Km-cas-sette)插入glnB基因的BglⅡ位点,通过三亲杂交法将其引入到巴西固氮螺菌Yu62中,通过同源重组,获得GlnB-突变株(glnB::Km)。为了进一步分析glnB基因的功能,将glnB基因的编码区(339bp)构建在pVK100中,置于Km启动子下组成型表达,形成重组质粒pVK-Ⅱ。将重组质粒pVK-Ⅱ转入到GlnB-突变株,构建成互补株C-glnB(glnB::Km/glnB)。对GlnB-突变株和互补株的固氮酶活性和生长性能的测定表明,GlnB-突变体无固氮酶活性,即表型 为Nif-;而互补株像野生型菌株一样具有固氮酶活性。突变株、互补株及野生型在菌落生长速度上基本相同。将含有glnB基因的重组质粒pVK-Ⅱ分别转移到野生型Yu62菌株和具有一定抗铵能力的DraT-突变株中,使glnB基因的拷贝数增加,并进一步比较它们的固氮酶活性,结果表明多拷贝的glnB基因能显著提高固氮酶活性。

  14. The Canonized Image of Guan Yu under the Contemporary Vision---From Guan Yu on Romance of the Three Kingdoms%当代视野下关羽形象的经典化--从《三国演义》中的关羽谈起



    《三国演义》塑造了关羽鲜明的性格特征,成功展示了关羽忠信智勇的艺术形象,诠释了具有中华民族审美特征的英雄情怀。《三国演义》中的关羽已具有神异的色彩,这与历史上的关羽形象不尽相同,是其在历史真实基础上的艺术升华。纵观关羽形象的历史演变,可知这一英雄形象产生于中国特定的文化环境,是中华民族信守忠义文化心理的体现。在当今社会,分析关羽崇拜的社会影响,能够更好地解读关羽形象经典化的精神价值。%Romance of the Three Kingdoms shapes Guan Yu's distinct personality characteristics , shows his faithfu and brave artistic image , and illustrates the heroic feelings with Chinese aesthetic characteristics .Guan Yu in Romance of the Three Kingdoms is something of a god , which is not the same the historical image of Guan Yu.His movie image is the sublimation of art on the basis of historical truth .From the historical evolution of Guan Yu's image , we find that this hero image grows out of China's specific cultural environment and it is the cultural and psychlogical embodyment of Chinese loyalty .In today's society , by analyzing the socail effect of people's worship of Guan Yu , we can have a better understanding of the spirit value of Guan Yu's canonized image.

  15. HPLC Determination of Piperine in Mongolian Medicine Preparation Hao Sen Bu Ru-13%高效液相色谱法测定蒙药制剂浩森布如-13中胡椒碱的含量

    张海涛; 吕颖; 齐向群; 李旻辉


    目的:建立高效液相色谱法测定蒙药制剂浩森布如-13中胡椒碱的含量。方法:采用DiamonsiL C18(250mm×4.6mm,5μm)色谱柱;以甲醇-水(77∶23)为流动相;流速1.0mL·min-1;检测波长343nm;柱温为30℃。结果:胡椒碱在4~40μg·mL-1(r=0.9999)范围内线性关系良好;平均回收率为98.19%(n=9),RSD为0.86%。结论:本方法简便准确、稳定可靠,可用于蒙药制剂浩森布如-13的胡椒碱含量测定。%Objective:To establish a method for the determination of piperine in mongolian medicine preparation Haosenburu-13. Methods:A DiamonsiL-C18 (250mm×4.6mm, 5μm) column was used with the mobile phase being chromatographic methanol-water (77∶23), flow rate being 1.0mL·min-1,detecting wavelength being 343nm, the column temperature being 30℃. Results:The linear response range from 4~40μg·mL-1 (r=0.9999,n=6)of piperine;the average recoveries (n=9)of the method was 98.19% with RSD 0.86%. Conclusion:The method is simple,accurate,reproducible and stable,and can be used for the quality control of mongolian medicine preparation Hao Sen Bu Ru-13.

  16. 安神一号胶囊与劳拉西泮治疗躯体形式障碍自主神经紊乱的疗效比较%Clin ical Study on Treaing P atien ts with S om atoform Disorder and Auton om ic Nervous Disorder with AnShenYiHao Capsule or L orazepam

    石洲宝; 刘敏科; 申希平; 黄生辉; 陈林庆; 赵剑华


    目的:比较安神一号胶囊与劳拉西泮治疗躯体形式障碍自主神经紊乱的疗效.方法:将90例躯体形式障碍自主神经紊乱住院患者随机分为2组,安神一号胶囊组与劳拉西泮组各45例,治疗8周,采用Hamilton Anxiety Scale(HAMA)和Clinical Global ImpresGIon-global improvement(CGI-GI)评定临床疗效.结果:安神一号胶囊与劳拉西泮有效率分别为:86.66%和82.22%,2组疗效差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论:安神一号胶囊与劳拉西泮治疗躯体形式障碍自主神经紊乱疗效相当.%Objective:To compare the efficacy of treating patients with somatoform disorder and autonomic nervous disorder with A nShen YiHao capsule or lorazepam. Method:90 cases of patients with somatoform disorder and autonomic nervous disorder were randomly divided into two groups, each group had 45 cases and treated for 8 weeks,one group were treated with lorazepam and another gronp were treated with AnShen YiHao capsule,assessed the clinical efficacy using(Hamilton Anxiety Scale,HAMA) and(Clinical Global InpresGIon-global improvement, CGI-GI).Result:The total effective rates of the AnShen YiHao capsule group and the lorazepam group were 86.66% and 82.22% after 8 weeks of treannent,the differences in efficacy between two groups had no significant difference (P>0.05).Conclusion:AnShen YiHao capsnle and lorazepam have considerable effect on treating patients with somatoform disorder and atntonomic nervous disorder.

  17. Radar-observed diurnal cycle and propagation of convection over the Pearl River Delta during Mei-Yu season

    Chen, Xingchao; Zhao, Kun; Xue, Ming; Zhou, Bowen; Huang, Xuanxuan; Xu, Weixin


    Using operational Doppler radar and regional reanalysis data from 2007-2009, the climatology and physical mechanisms of the diurnal cycle and propagation of convection over the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region of China during the Mei-Yu seasons are investigated. Analyses reveal two hot spots for convection: one along the south coastline of PRD and the other on the windward slope of mountains in the northeastern part of PRD. Overall, convection occurs most frequently during the afternoon over PRD due to solar heating. On the windward slope of the mountains, convection occurrence frequency exhibits two daily peaks, with the primary peak in the afternoon and the secondary peak from midnight to early morning. The nighttime peak is shown to be closely related to the nocturnal acceleration and enhanced lifting on the windward slope of southwesterly boundary layer flow, in the form of boundary layer low-level jet. Along the coastline, nighttime convection is induced by the convergence between the prevailing onshore wind and the thermally induced land breeze in the early morning. Convection on the windward slope of the mountainous area is more or less stationary. Convection initiated near the coastline along the land breeze front tends to propagate inland from early morning to early afternoon when land breeze cedes to sea breeze and the prevailing onshore flow.

  18. 试析李渔的烹饪选料观%On Li Yu's View on Choice of Cooking Meteriais



    李渔作为清初著名文学家、戏曲家,著有《闲情偶寄》一书,其中《饮馔部》对饮食之道提出了自己独到的见解,比较全面地反映了作者的饮食观。在烹饪原料的选择方面,作者形成了崇尚自然、重蔬轻肉;推崇节俭、反对奢靡;注重产地、讲究品质;谨慎杀生、人文关怀的烹饪选料观。分析其观点,对促进人们了解烹饪原料特点,科学选择原料并优化工艺具有一定的参考价值。%Li Yu, a renowned writer and dramatist in early Qing dynasty, author of Pleasant Diversions, put forward his unique understanding and overall view of diet in chapter Diet. In regard to the choice of raw mate- rials, Li prefers vegetables to meat, advocates thrift rather than extravagancy, emphasizes quality and places of growth. He proposes less killing and more humanity. His view is of some value as to our understanding of and scientifically choosing from those cooking materials and optimizing cooking process.

  19. Spin-polarized currents and noise in normal-metal/superconductor junctions with Yu-Shiba-Rusinov impurities

    Persson, Daniel; Shevtsov, Oleksii; Löfwander, Tomas; Fogelström, Mikael


    Conventional superconductors disordered by magnetic impurities demonstrate physical properties that are drastically different from their pristine counterparts. In our previous work [D. Persson et al., Phys. Rev. B 92, 245430 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.245430], we explored the spectral and thermodynamic properties of such systems for two extreme cases: completely random and ferromagnetically aligned impurity magnetic moments. Here we consider the transport properties of these systems and show that they have a potential to be used in superconducting spintronic devices. Each magnetic impurity contributes a Yu-Shiba-Rusinov (YSR) bound state to the spectrum, residing at subgap energies. Provided the YSR states form metallic bands, we demonstrate that the tunneling current carried by these states can be highly spin polarized when the impurities are ferromagnetically ordered. The spin polarization can be switched by tuning the bias voltage. Moreover, even when the impurity spins are completely uncorrelated, one can still achieve almost 100 % spin polarization of the current, if the tunnel interface is spin active. We compute electric current and noise, varying parameters of the interface between tunneling and fully transparent regimes, and analyze the relative role of single-particle and Andreev reflection processes.

  20. [A brief textual research on circulated versions of Dan tai yu an (Jade Case Records of Red Stage].

    Xu, Gao; Zhu, Jianping


    Dan tai yu an (Jade Case Records of Red Stage) was compiled by a doctor of the Ming Dynasty Sun Wenyin, including 6 volumes. This book involves Chinese internal medicine, paediatrics, gynaecology, external medicine, and Department of the sense organs (ENT) classified into 73 categories, each of which contains 80 kinds of disease. The total number of disease was 157. Each kind of disease is discussed under the order of etiology, syndrome, pulse condition and treatment. The range of traditional Chinese prescriptions in this book is rather extensive with its indications, administrations and modification of main prescriptions given concretely. Both internal and external treatment are included, and the individual drug and proved recipe are practical and effective, which is a significant reference to clinical practice. There are many versions of this book extant. According to our investigation and research, we replenished some information to the"General Catalogue of TCM Ancient Books", and at the same time, correct some mistakes, providing the basis for further collation and publishing.


    О. В. Полевщикова


    Full Text Available The professor of Novorossiysky (Odessa University I. Yu. Timchenko (1863-1939 managed to collect a remarkable library on the history of Mathematics which contained primarily antiquarian books including incunabula and 16th century editions. Various aspects of this valuabe book collection have been studied lately. Books from this dispersed collection have been revealed and examined de visu. Their cataloguing incudes the description of individual book copies in view of their provenance. The purpose of the article is to provide the information on a complex of owners’ recordings and dedicatory inscriptions as well as bookplates left on the books making an attempt to trace the fate of the copies incorporated in the library of the Odessa mathematician. The information collected is considered in the context of the history of Mathematics. Many may characterise both direct and indirect expressions of the readers’ interests in books and reading. The study of provenance records demonstrate that the copies acquired by professor Timchenko used to be in the libraries of a number of men of science – mathematicians, physicists, philologists, etc. The findings of this article enable to enlarge the database of provenance making the practical value and results of the research.

  2. Analysis of a Group of Weak Small-Scale Vortexes in the Planetary Boundary Layer in the Mei-yu Front

    ZHAI Guoqing; ZHOU Lingli; WANG Zhi


    A mei-yu front process in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River on 23 June 1999 was simulated by using the fifth-generation Pennsylvania State University-NCAR (PSU/NCAR) Mesoscale Model (MM5) with FDDA (Four Dimension Data Assimilation). The analysis shows that seven weak small mesoscale vortexes of tens of kilometers, correspondent to surface low trough or mesoscale centers, in the planetary boundary layer (PBL) in the mei-yu front were heavily responsible for the heavy rainfall. Sometimes, several weak smallscale vortexes in the PBL could form a vortex group, some of which would weaken locally, and some would develop to be a meso-α-scale low vortex through combination. The initial dynamical triggering mechanism was related to two strong currents: one was the northeast flow in the PBL at the rear of the mei-yu front, the vortexes occurred exactly at the side of the northeast flow; and the other was the strong southwest low-level jet (LLJ) in front of the Mei-yu front, which moved to the upper of the vortexes. Consequently, there were notable horizontal and vertical wind shears to form positive vorticity in the center of the southwest LLJ.The development of mesoscale convergence in the PBL and divergence above, as well as the vertical positive vorticity column, were related to the small wind column above the nose-shaped velocity contours of the northeast flow embedding southwestward in the PBL, which intensified the horizontal wind shear and the positive vorticity column above the vortexes, baroclinicity and instability.

  3. Interdecadal Modulation of the Influence of La Ni(n)a Events on Mei-yu Rainfall over the Yangtze River Valley

    WANG Xin; WANG Dongxiao; ZHOU Wen; LI Chongyin


    The aim of this study was to investigate changes in the relationship between mei-yu rainfall over East China and La Ni(n)a events in the late 1970s,a period concurrent with the Pacific climate shift,using meiyu rainfall data and the National Centers for Environmental Prediction/National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP/NCAR) reanalysis.This relationship was modulated by the climate shift:Before the 1977/1978 climate shift and after the 1992/1993 climate shift,mei-yu rainfall levels were above normal in most La Ni(n)a years,whereas during the period 1979-1991,mei-yu rainfall was usually below normal levels in La Ni(n)a years.Both composite analyses and results from an atmospheric general circulation model show remarkable detail in terms of La Ni(n)a's impacts on mei-yu rainfall in the late 1970s due to the change in the mean climatic state over the tropical Pacific.After the late 1970s.the tropical Pacific SSTs were warmer,and the mean state of low-level anticyclone circulation over the western North Pacific (WNP) weakened.Superimposed on La Ni(n)a related cyclonic anomaly over the WNP.anticyclonic circulation weakened.Prior to the late 1970s,the mean state of low-level anticyclone circulation over the WNP was stronger and was less affected by La Ni(n)a-related anomalous cyclones.Anticyclone circulation may have brought moisture to the Yangtze River valley,leading to above-normal rainfall.

  4. Immunomodulatory Effect of Chinese Herbal Medicine Formula Sheng-Fei-Yu-Chuan-Tang in Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Lung Injury Mice

    Chia-Hung Lin; Ching-Hua Yeh; Li-Jen Lin; Shulhn-Der Wang; Jen-Shu Wang; Shung-Te Kao


    Traditional Chinese medicine formula Sheng-Fei-Yu-Chuan-Tang (SFYCT), consisting of 13 medicinal plants, was used to treat patients with lung diseases. This study investigated the immunoregulatory effect of SFYCT on intratracheal lipopolysaccharides- (LPS-) challenged acute lung injury (ALI) mice. SFYCT attenuated pulmonary edema, macrophages, and neutrophils infiltration in the airways. SFYCT decreased inflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF α ), interleukin-1 β , and...

  5. Impact of 4DVAR Assimilation of Rainfall Data on the Simulation of Mesoscale Precipitation Systems in a Mei-yu Heavy Rainfall Event


    The multi-scale weather systems associated with a mei-yu front and the corresponding heavy precipitation during a particular heavy rainfall event that occurred on 4-5 July 2003 in east China were successfully simulated through rainfall assimilation using the PSU/NCAR non-hydrostatic, mesoscale, numerical model (MM5) and its four-dimensional, variational, data assimilation (4DVAR) system. For this case, the improvement of the process via the 4DVAR rainfall assimilation into the simulation of mesoscale precipitation systems is investigated. With the rainfall assimilation, the convection is triggered at the right location and time, and the evolution and spatial distribution of the mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) are also more correctly simulated. Through the interactions between MCSs and the weather systems at different scales,including the low-level jet and mei-yu front, the simulation of the entire mei-yu weather system is significantly improved, both during the data assimilation window and the subsequent 12-h period. The results suggest that the rainfall assimilation first provides positive impact at the convective scale and the influences are then propagated upscale to the meso- and sub-synoptic scales.Through a set of sensitive experiments designed to evaluate the impact of different initial variables on the simulation of mei-yu heavy rainfall, it was found that the moisture field and meridional wind had the strongest effect during the convection initialization stage, however, after the convection was fully triggered,all of the variables at the initial condition seemed to have comparable importance.

  6. [The different functions of glnB and glnZ from Azospirillum brasilense YU62 in the control of nitrogen fixation].

    Chen, S; Guan, Y; Ying, J; Li, Z; Wang, J; Li, J


    The glnB and glnZ genes of A. brasilense have 70% homology at nucleotide sequence. glnB is located in a 3.7 kb Eco RI+ PstI fragment and glnZ is located in a 3.7 kb SalI fragment. Both glnB and glnZ genes were mutagenized by Kmr cassette insertions and glnB- and glnZ- mutants were obtained. glnB- mutant did not have any nitrogenase activity, while glnZ- mutant still has nitrogenase activity. The coding regions of glnB and glnZ were cloned into pVK100 vectors and recombinant plasmids pVK-II and pVK-Z were obtained, respectively. The recombinant plasmids pVK-II and pVK-Z were introduced into glnB- and glnZ- to produce C-glnB and C-glnZ, respectively. C-glnB can restore nitrogenase activity and C-glnZ does not have effect on nitrogenase activity. When pVK-II and pVK-Z were introduced into A. brasilense Yu62 and draT-, respectively, the Yu62-II (containing pVK-II) and draT-II (containing pVK-II) have higher nitrogenase activity than that of wild type Yu62. In contrast, Yu62-Z (containing pVK-Z) and draT-Z (containing pVK-Z) has no effect on nitrogenase activity. The nifA(-)-II (containg pVK-II) and nifA(-)-Z (containing pVK-Z) still have no nitrogenase activity.

  7. Physical Properties of Asteroid (308635) 2005 YU55 derived from multi-instrument infrared observations during a very close Earth-Approach

    Mueller, T G; Kiss, C; Gurwell, M A; Hasegawa, S; Vilenius, E; Sako, S; Kamizuka, T; Nakamura, T; Asano, K; Uchiyama, M; Konishi, M; Yoneda, M; Ootsubo, T; Usui, F; Yoshii, Y; Kidger, M; Altieri, B; Lorente, R; Pal, A; O'Rourke, L; Metcalfe, L


    The near-Earth asteroid (308635) 2005 YU55 is a potentially hazardous asteroid which was discovered in 2005 and passed Earth on November 8th 2011 at 0.85 lunar distances. This was the closest known approach by an asteroid of several hundred metre diameter since 1976 when a similar size object passed at 0.5 lunar distances. We observed 2005 YU55 from ground with a recently developed mid-IR camera (miniTAO/MAX38) in N- and Q-band and with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) at 1.3 mm. In addition, we obtained space observations with Herschel/PACS at 70, 100, and 160 micron. Our thermal measurements cover a wide range of wavelengths from 8.9 micron to 1.3 mm and were taken after opposition at phase angles between -97 deg and -18 deg. We performed a radiometric analysis via a thermophysical model and combined our derived properties with results from radar, adaptive optics, lightcurve observations, speckle and auxiliary thermal data. We find that (308635) 2005 YU55 has an almost spherical shape with an effective diamete...

  8. 文学四要素视阈下的余华创作转型%Yu Hua's Novels Transformation in the Perspective of Four Elements of Literature



    As the representative writer of the vanguard fiction,Yu Hua has gone through two transformations,after Long Travel at the Age of Eighteen since 1987. For Yu Hua's two transformations,the critics always express different opinions. With the help of the theory of literary activities elements raised by Meyer Howard Abrams,we prepare to analyze this phenomenon from four perspectives ---the world,writers,works,readers,trying to make a comprehensive and objective evaluation for Yu Hua's vanguard creation.%!押余华作为先锋小说的代表作家,自1987年的《十八岁出门远行》以来,历经了两次转型。余华的这两次转型,评论界历来莫衷一是,褒贬不一。借助艾布拉姆斯有关文学活动要素的理论,从“世界、作家、作品、读者”等四个角度对这一现象进行剖析,试图对以余华为代表的先锋创作转型作出全面而客观的评价。

  9. 贾雨村讹夺石扇案辨正%Explore the Truth of JIA Yu-cun Grabbing SHI Dai-zi's Fans by Blackmail



    学界历来认为讹夺石扇为贾雨村欺压良善的铁证,不假辨别地信以为真,对其人品大加挞伐,实属误会。讹夺石扇是平儿、贾琏合谋的谎言,是对纳妾鸳鸯事件的影射,并非贾琏挨打的真相。贾琏挨打的导火索是鸳鸯事件;远因是大不孝——无子。%Academia has regarded the case of JIA Yu-cun grabbing SHI Dai-zi's fans by blackmail as an indisputable fact of his bully oppression of good people without identification. Then lots of critics of JIA Yu-cun's moral character leaded to injustice, which is a misunderstanding. The truth of JIA Yu-cun grabbing SHI Dai-zi's fans by blackmail was a mendacity collaborated by Ping Er and JIA Lian, wich was a shadow Of Yuan Yang event actually, not the truth of JLA Lian beaten. The fuse of JIA Lian beaten was Yuan Yang event, and the underlying cause was that JIA Lian had no son.

  10. Professor Yu Jingmao's Experience in Coordinating and Treating Pediatric Disease with Herbal Pas te%俞景茂膏方调治小儿疾病经验



    [目的]探讨俞景茂教授运用膏方调治小儿疾病的临证经验。[方法]通过跟师临诊,总结俞师运用膏方治疗小儿顽疾的学术经验,并附验案举隅。[结果]俞师认为,膏方剂型适合小儿服用,强调膏方治疗小儿疾病须辨病、辨证结合,因时、因人制宜。临证时注重调补固本,以平为贵;补中寓攻,以和为要;顾护脾胃,以喜为补。所附小儿哮喘医案1则,俞景茂教授巧用膏方调治2月,哮喘发作次数减少,发作时症状减轻。[结论]俞景茂教授根据小儿生理病理特点,运用膏方个体化辨治小儿诸疾,扶正祛邪,调和阴阳,经验丰赡,值得推广应用。%Objective] To explore professor Yu Jingmao's clinical experience in coordinating and treating pediatric disease with herbal paste. [Method] By fol owing the teacher clinic, the author summarizes professor Yu Jingmao's academic experience of treatment of children with chronic il ness with herbal paste, and for proven cases. [Result] Professor Yu Jingmao uses herbal paste for modulating pediatric intractable disease with curative effect. In his opinion, herbal paste treatment of pediatric diseases must be combined with disease and syndrome differentiation, and considered in accordance with seasonal conditions and the patient's individuality. Professor Yu considers that herbal paste formulations are suitable for children, and pays attention to regulating and nourishing to strengthen the body focused on harmony, reinforcing with elimination based on balance, protecting and tonifying the spleen and stomach based on enjoying oral application. [Conclusion] According to children's physiological and pathological characteristics, professor Yu Jingmao has rich experiences in using herbal paste for personalized syndrome differentiation treatment of pediatric diseases to strengthen body resistance and eliminate evil, regulate Yin and Yang, which is worth generalizing and

  11. A Review of The Annotations for Suanshu Shu Written on Zhangjiashan Han Tomb Bamboo Strips by Peng Hao%赞叹与遗憾:读彭浩著《张家山汉简〈算数书〉注释》



    This paper gives a review of The Annotations for Suanshushu Written on Zhangjiashan Han Tomb Bamboo Strips by Peng Hao. It is known that the transcription of Bamboo Suanshushu was first published in Cultural Relics, No. 9, 2000. But the transcription is difficult to read, because in it there are many misprinted, miscopied, missing words and mistakes. Much is done in Peng's book to restore the order of bamboo strips, to collate the miscopied words and to correct the mistaken numbers. Based on analysis of historical background and archaeological discoveries, Peng Hao concluded that in Suanshushu many problems did not appear at the same time, and that some problems were closely related to the official affairs of lower government administration during the pre-Qin period. So his statement is very important for exploring the evolution of mathematics from pre-Qin period to Han dynasty. But, through critical reading, the paper points out that in Peng' s book there are some wrong collations and annotations which were made by Peng himself and some mistakes in Suanshushu which he failed to correct. Although Peng' s book is really praiseworthy in providing facilities for further study, the numerous defects in it make readers feel regretable indeed.

  12. London Olympic Games Men's Singles Final Technology Comparative Analysis --Analysis of Technical Characteristics of Wang Hao's " Three Silver Medal Winner " in the Olympic Games%2012年伦敦奥运会乒乓球男单决赛技术对比分析——王皓奥运“三连亚”技术特点

    孟庆祥; 敬继红; 王冬慧


    三段分析法经常被用于小球比赛领域,运用乒乓球“三段分析法”等,对王皓、张继科在伦敦奥运会乒乓球男单决赛中各项技战术进行统计,分析他们在发球抢攻段、接发球抢攻段和相持段的技战术运用特点,找出其优势和不足,为进一步提高我国男子乒乓球运动员的技战术水平提供参考。分析王皓连着三届奥运会都是奥运亚军的原因。%It uses the " three sections of analysis" method, which is often used in the ball game field, to do the statistics of the various tactics of the Zhang Ji - ke, Wang Hao in London Olympic table tennis men's singles final, analyse their tactics using characteristics in serve attacking section, receiving attacking section and the stalemate section, to find out their advantages and disadvantages. It is for the purpose to provide the reference for further improving our level of skill and tactics of the male table tennis players and analyse the reason of that Wang Hao only got the silver medal in the consecutive Olympic Games.

  13. Screening active components from Yu-ping-feng-san for regulating initiative key factors in allergic sensitization.

    Shen, Dandan; Xie, Xuejian; Zhu, Zhijie; Yu, Xi; Liu, Hailiang; Wang, Huizhu; Fan, Hongwei; Wang, Dawei; Jiang, Guorong; Hong, Min


    Yu-ping-feng-san (YPFS) is a Chinese medical formula that is used clinically for allergic diseases and characterized by reducing allergy relapse. Our previous studies demonstrated that YPFS efficiently inhibited T helper 2 cytokines in allergic inflammation. The underlying mechanisms of action of YPFS and its effective components remain unclear. In this study, it was shown that YPFS significantly inhibited production of thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), an epithelial cell-derived initiative factor in allergic inflammation, in vitro and in vivo. A method of human bronchial epithelial cell (16HBE) binding combined with HPLC-MS (named 16HBE-HPLC-MS) was established to explore potential active components of YPFS. The following five components bound to 16HBE cells: calycosin-7-glucoside, ononin, claycosin, sec-o-glucosylhamaudol and formononetin. Serum from YPFS-treated mice was analyzed and three major components were detected claycosin, formononetin and cimifugin. Among these, claycosin and formononetin were detected by 16HBE-HPLC-MS and in the serum of YPFS-treated mice. Claycosin and formononetin decreased the level of TSLP markedly at the initial stage of allergic inflammation in vivo. Nuclear factor (NF)-κB, a key transcription factor in TSLP production, was also inhibited by claycosin and formononetin, either in terms of transcriptional activation or its nuclear translocation in vitro. Allergic inflammation was reduced by claycosin and formononetin when they are administered only at the initial stage in a murine model of atopic contact dermatitis. Thus, epithelial cell binding combined with HPLC-MS is a valid method for screening active components from complex mixtures of Chinese medicine. It was demonstrated that the compounds screened from YPFS significantly attenuated allergic inflammation probably by reducing TSLP production via regulating NF-κB activation.

  14. 论林语堂的幽默文学观%On LIN Yu-tang's View of Humorous Literature



    林语堂发明了"幽默"一词,建构了他的幽默文学观.在"语丝"时期,将"幽默"看成是"真实的,宽容的,同情的人生观", 此间的散文,多在"真实"、真诚上面用力,讽刺力量较强."论语"、"人间世"时期的幽默则多从个人性灵上抒写闲适的情调,其幽默观中多带个人主义色彩,是"以自我为中心,以闲适为格调" 的自由主义的人生观.他的幽默观和幽默小品创作又特别重视幽默的审美价值,创造了滑稽、机警、俏皮、讽刺的"笑"的美感情趣.%LIN Yu-tang creates a new concept of humor in order to construct his literary thoughts. During the period when he writes for a magazine called "Yusi",he considers "humor" as "a sincere, tolerant and sympathetic view of life". As a result, his prose usually has sarcastic strength rooted in the real human life and his open heart. However, during the period when he edits magazines called "Lunyu" and "Renjianshi", his prose changes to express his personal spirit with a leisurely style. At this time, his view of humor inclined to individualism and liberalism. Besides, his thinking and writings on humor paid attention to the aesthetic value of humor, which includes farcicality, wittiness, naughtiness, irony and laugh.

  15. Effect of Xiao-tan-jie-yu Prescription on sleep quality of soldiers acute exposure to high altitude

    Yu-xing YANG


    Full Text Available Objective  To observe the efficacy of Xiao-tan-jie-yu prescription (XTJYF on sleep quality of the soldiers who acutely exposed to western area of high altitude. Methods  In this prospective, completely randomized, parallel, placebo-controlled study, 550 soldiers acutely exposed to western area of high altitude were investigated by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI, 100 soldiers with sleep disorder were selected and divided into two groups (50 each: treatment group received TCM XTJYF therapy and control group was treated with placebo. After 2 weeks' treatment, PSQI total score and respective factor scores before and after treatment were assessed, and clinical therapeutic efficacy and adverse reactions were observed. Results  The PSQI total score and respective factor scores of these soldiers were significantly higher than those of normal adults, but significantly lower than those of insomnia patients, while their sleep disorder factor score was significantly higher compared with insomnia patients. XTJYF reduced the total score and some factor scores (subjective sleep quality, time for initiating sleep, total sleep time, and sleep efficiency for PSQI in the soldiers with sleep disorder, and the overall response rate was 91.49% which is higher than those in the placebo control group (P<0.05 or 0.01, without toxic side effects. Conclusions  The sleep quality of soldiers who acutely exposed to western area of high altitude in China is not high, and XTJYF may safely and effectively improve the sleep quality. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2016.10.15

  16. Breeding and Identification of Herbicide-resistant Genic Male-sterile Line Yu98-8A1 of Cotton(Gossypium hirsutum L.)%新型抗除草剂棉花不育系Yu98-8A1的培育及鉴定

    杨晓杰; 谢德意; 赵元明; 李武; 赵付安; 段铮铮; 祝水金; 房卫平


    通过连续回交,将抗除草剂基因EPSPS-G6转育花粉败育彻底(无微量花粉,不育度达100%)的棉花单基因隐性控制的核不育系Yu98-8A,进而培育成抗除草剂核不育系Yu98-8A1.对该转育不育系花冠表型测量观察表明,与同质系正常可育株比较,不育株花冠较小,不育株子房直径略大于可育株,花柱长和花柱外露长度均明显高于同质系正常可育株,花柱头外露为其最显著的表型特征;显微观察显示,不育系Yu98-8A1小孢子败育主要是在四分体形成后的小孢子发育期.小孢子败育特征表现为花粉粒无内含物、无刺突产生,最后解体、退化.PCR分子鉴定表明,抗除草剂基因EPSPS-G6转育入Yu98-8A,除草剂抗性试验表明,该转育不育系可抗质量百分比浓度达0.3%的草甘膦.该抗除草剂核不育系的培育在棉花杂种优势利用方面有重大利用价值.%Yu98-8A1,a herbicide-resistant cotton genic male-sterile line,was developed from a genic malesterile line Yu98-8A by successive backcrossing cotton line EHC09-002 which possessed the herbicide-resistant gene EPSPS-G6.Compared with homogeneity normal fertile plants,its significant characteristics included smaller corolla,bigger Ovary diameter,style length,and exposed stigmas by corolla phenotype observation.Among theses characteristics,exposed stigmas was the most significant one.Cytological observation showed that the anther abortion of Yu98-8A1 occurred during the stage of microspore development,which displayed without inclusion in pollen grain and spinescent protuberance on the pollen wall,and the microspore appeared abnormal and break down gradually.PCR identification and glyphosate resistance test indicated that herbicide-resistant gene EPSPS-G6 had been successfully aggregated into Yu98-8A,and the anti-herbicide concentration reached up to 0.3%.The cultivation of herbicide-resistant sterile line made Yu98-8A1 have significant value in the utilization of

  17. On the Reform and Contribution of Han Yu's Style of Writing%论韩愈的文体文风改革及其贡献



    文体文风改革是韩愈倡导的古文运动的重要内容。针对六朝以来的淫侈靡丽文风,韩愈标举复古,借古文以明儒家之道,创建出一种既承载儒家之道,又采用奇句单行的体式,而且没有对偶、声律的严格限制的新体散文。这种新式散文不仅与当时流行的骈体文相敌对,而且不因袭古圣先贤之成言,而是自铸伟辞,既明道传道,又抒泄郁积于胸中的怨愤不平及遭遇不幸之情,体现出韩愈对于创造性的高度重视。%The reform to style of writing which was advocated by HanYu was an important content in movement of ancient writing. Aimming at the flowery wrinting style from six Dynasties, Han Yu raised retro viewpoint to clear ancient doctrine by way of ancient writing, to create a new prose which was not only a bearer of Confucianism but also with a single row for odd sentence, and there was no strict restrictions of duality and sound. The new prose was not only hostile to the parallel prose and not inherited into ancient sages of the words, but invented new words, both preaching confucianism, and expressing vent anger smoldering in the hearts of injustice and feelings of the less fortunate. This reflected the great importance which Hart Yu attached to the creativity.

  18. Analysis on the Yu'ebao Phenomenon Based on SWOT Model%基于SWOT模型对余额宝现象的分析



    Through SWOT analysis method, this paper analyzes the internal advantages and disadvantages, external opportunities and threats of Yu'ebao in the background of information globalization and puts forward the related policy suggestions.%本文运用SWOT态势分析法,对余额宝在当前信息全球化的大背景下的内部优势与劣势、外部机会和威胁进行了研究分析,并提出了相关政策建议。

  19. Introduction to ba-yu culture in the animation creation practice--Taking animation“the white tiger legend”as an example



    Cultural Creative Industries Cultural and Creative Industries, is a kind of economic globalization under the background of the creativity as the core of the emerging Industries, emphasis on a subject or Cultural factors depend on personal (team) through the industrialization of technology, Creative, and ways of industry development, marketing, intellectual property rights. With the high-speed development of creative cultural industry. As a cultural creative industry in the animation industries, it begins to rise rapidly across the country. Based on the creation of the animation white tiger legend as an example, analyzes how the ba-yu culture influences in the animation creation practice. Hope to be able to achieve this effect.

  20. 20世纪中国文学中的鲧禹原型阐释%20th Century Chinese Literature Gun Yu Archetypical



    Gun Yu myth as a prototype in the literature as a hero mythology, it is perhaps the epitome of human to the hero worship, accumulate at the bottom of the pioneers of the original consciousness. In 20th century Chinese literature Gun Yu prototype is not simply repeat the Gun Yu myth, not just confined to a single, forever hero model, but with the development of history and the cultural background of the different age is rich, the constantly changing, constantly displacement deformation, from hero to ordinary mortals. In 20th century Chinese literature Gun Yu prototype become forces so as to express its own cultural codes, not only reflects the profound connotation of culture and history of the works, but also let us in the same original thinking mode of the experience of different cultures, and more direct, more profound understanding prototype this is both abstract and concrete, is both varied and genetic stability of human culture and literature.%鲧禹神话作为原型在文学中被塑造成英雄神话,它凝结了人类对英雄的崇拜,积淀在原始先民的意识底层。20世纪中国文学中的鲧禹原型并不是对鲧禹神话的简单重复,也不仅局限在单一的、永远不变的英雄模式,而是随着历史发展和不同时代文化背景被不断丰富、变化,不断置换变形,从英雄走向普通凡人。20世纪中国文学中的鲧禹原型成为各种力量借以表达自身的文化符码,既体现出了作品的深厚的文化底蕴和历史内涵,又能让我们在相同的原始思维的模式下体验不同的文化,也能更直接、更深刻地认识原型这一既抽象又具体,既多变又稳定的人类文化与文学基因。

  1. On the Relationship between Translation and Creation-Take Yu Guangzhong's use of Run-On Line as an Example



    The studies on relation between translation and creation mostly focus on macro-level, lacking evidence at micro-level.This thesis deals with the influence of translation upon creation at a micro-level, and studies one sample literary person, famous andprolific poet writer and translator Yu Guangzhong's use of run-on line in love poems. This thesis finds that Yu's translation hadan influence on his creation, and this influence increased with time. To make clear the subtle differences in the changes of creationby translation, SPSS software is applied as a quantitative tool.

  2. 明月一樽酒,清风一卷诗--余珍诗歌简论%Drinking in a Moonlight, Improvising an Extempore Verse in a Breeze--Brief Comments on Yu Zhen's Poems



    YU Zen is one of the Datun chieftains of Bijie in Guizhou. He is well-versed in both polite and martial arts,he is also good at poems. He has high aspirations to join the army and organizes to encircle and an-nihilate the anti Qing forces. His painting and calligraphy level are second to none in Yu's family. His Si Yus’ poems are leisurely and comfortable, some are abandoned themselves to nature, some are composed on history. YU Zhen is influenced by YU Jia-ju and he carries on YU Jia-ju’ s style of Leisure, tone and artless, soft firmness, and blending the poet’s unique aesthetic experience with his really sincere emotion, YU Zhen’s poem is a little inferior to those of YU Jia-ju, Yu Zhao and YU Da-fu. Poetry, but he still has a proper place in Chinese outstanding family of minority literature.%余珍是贵州毕节大屯土司之一,文武兼备,诗艺兼擅。他曾壮志凌云,投笔从戎,以都司身份组织围剿反清势力;他的书法、绘画水平在余氏家族中首屈一指,所著《四余诗草》清朗疏淡、闲适宁静,或寄情山水,或咏史怀古,充分体现了其“四余”之意。余珍深受余家驹影响,更多地继承了余家驹诗歌的闲适疏淡风格,色调烂漫,柔中见刚,情景交融,意境创造独具特色。余珍诗歌创作成就稍逊于余家驹、余昭和余达父,但在全国少数民族汉语古诗创作中仍占有一席地位。


    王娟; 陈三凤; 马旅雁; 李季伦


    用TD-PCR法克隆了巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillun brasilense)Yu62的nifA基因.序列分析表明它与巴西固氮螺菌Sp7的nifA序列高度同源(96.5%),其编码的产物NifA蛋白与Sp7菌株NifA的氨基酸序列同源性为97.6%.该基因可以完全互补巴西固氮螺菌Sp7 nifA-突变株的Nif-表型.研究了NH4+和O2对Yu62 nifA基因的表达及NifA活性的影响.结果表明:mfA基因在Yu62菌株中是部分组成型表达的,氨和氧不能完全阻遏其表达,在5mmol/LNH4Cl与微氧(0.5%O2)条件下表达最高;NifA蛋白在0.4%~0.5%O2时活性最高,氧分压降低和提高都使NifA活性下降,1mmol/L NH4Cl足以抑制NifA的活性.

  4. Hiina naiskunstnike näitus / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-


    Hongkongis avatud näitus "Hiina kunstilaval" keskendub hiina naiskunstnike Yu Cheni, Wang Jingi, Yuen Nimchi ja Hao Li loomingule ning on esimene samm võitluses hiina naiskunstnike soolise diskrimineerimise vastu.

  5. Hiina naiskunstnike näitus / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-


    Hongkongis avatud näitus "Hiina kunstilaval" keskendub hiina naiskunstnike Yu Cheni, Wang Jingi, Yuen Nimchi ja Hao Li loomingule ning on esimene samm võitluses hiina naiskunstnike soolise diskrimineerimise vastu.




    Heterophaulactis Yu是作者建立并发表于1974年的一四射珊瑚属,产自广西郁江沿岸、南宁至六景一带的泥盆纪郁江组.其时代属早埃姆斯期牙形刺kitabacus带(前dehiscens带).对此珊瑚属再行研究,是出于:1)发表在"中国南方泥盆系的新进展"一文,是与其它门类化石共同作为划分和对比地层的化石依据,只限于中文简短描述,对化石图影的展示也有严格的数量限制.尽管此属己被收录在Hill(1981)主编的古生物专论的珊瑚分册中,也只是简短的英文描述和有限的图影,未能充分展示其骨骼演变特征;2)此属的分类位置、科的归属及与相关属的属征比较与讨论,当初均未交待,应予阐明;3)Heterophaulactis属的地理分布广,遍及滇桂两省,通过再研究,其产地已扩展至中国西北地区;其地层分布又有一定的时限性,在广西仅限于郁江组下部的石州段,时代为kitaba-cus带,其它地区也仅见于下泥盆统.文中对Heterophaulactis属的模式种,Heterophaulactis semicrassa的骨骼特征及个体发育过程中的演变均作详细的英文描述和图影展示;与相关属比较之后,认为与本属关系最为密切的是产于西秦岭山区下泥盆统、发表在西北区化石图册上的有些属种,其中的有些属种可以归于本属.文中还记述一新建种Heterophaulactis yujiangense sp.nov..文章对Heterophaulactis的分类位置和科的归属也有详细比较讨论,认为它是源出自志留纪Pycnactis--Phaulactis的演化序列,应归属于Lykophyllidae Wedekind,1927科.对Miroelasmatinae Cao,1983亚科的原始定义作全面修订后.把它归为Lykophyllidae Wedekind,1927科下的一个亚科;在对化石图册及相关文献上记述的产自西秦岭区下泥盆统四射珊瑚属种的全面修订之前,暂把以下各属置于此亚科:Heterophaulactls Yu,Miroelasma Cao,Qinlingophyllum Cao,Wenxianophyllum Cao,Protaulacophy-llum Cao,Bethanphyllum sensu Cao

  7. Descriptions of Male and Immature Stages of Cryptococcus ulmi Tang et Hao (Homoptera: Coccoidea: Eriococcidae) with Brief Notes on Its Biology%榆树隐毡蚧各龄若虫和雄成虫形态及其生物学记述(同翅目: 蚧总科: 毡蚧科)



    In this paper, the crawler, second instar female and male, prepupa, pupa and adult male of Cryptococcus ulmi are described and illustrated for the first time; adult female is redescribed; a key to all stages is given and the biology is briefly repor-ted.%榆树隐毡蚧Cryptococcus ulmi Tang et Hao 是近年来在北京和山西中部发现的一种榆树新害虫.本文首次详细记述和图示了该虫幼期各虫态和雄成虫的形态特征;简要报道了其生物学特性:一年发生1代,以受精雌成虫在树干裂缝内越冬,卵胎生,每雌产仔23~25头,平均值35.2头.

  8. Analysis of the Royalism in Song Yu's Jiu Bian%析宋玉《九辩》的忠君思想



    《九辩》是宋玉骚体赋的代表,是其身世遭遇的自述。全诗围绕“贫士失职而志不平”展开,将忠君思想融入个人理想,抒发了忠于君而君不知的孤独、苦闷情绪。忠君思想贯穿全诗,是理解诗人情感表达的关键所在。忠君思想的表达与《九辩》自称词的使用特点是一致的,忠君思想是联系人生之秋与社会之秋的心理基础,是宋玉思想矛盾的根源。%Jiu Bian is Song Yu's representative Fu of Sao style, and his self-statement. The whole poem centers on his losing office but losing no heart, integrates the royalism into his own ambition, conveys his lonely and depressed emotion of unappreciated loyalty. The royalism serves as a leitmotif of the poem and the key to understanding the poet's emotional expressions. It is consistent with the usage of self-addressing words, the mental foundation between the autumn in life and society, and the origin of Song Yu's mental conflicts.

  9. 李渔《闲情偶寄》饮食观略论%A Brief Discussion of Li Yu's Catering Concept in His Occasional Leisurely Life



    李渔《闲情偶寄》之“饮馔部”,真实地展现了李渔独到的饮食文化观,也可称作清代难得的饮食理论与实践之作。从李渔的饮食文化观、饮食哲学观以及海鲜饮食观等方面看出,李渔的饮食之道,是基于他所崇尚的“自然、本色、天成”之思想。%In the catering section of Occasional Leisurely Life, Li Yu realistically demonstrated his unique cater-ing culture concept, which makes it known as an uncommonly great works on catering theory and practice during the Qing dynasty. Li Yu's catering recipe emerging out of his catering culture concept, catering philosophy and seafood concept is based on his thought of advocating nature and inherent qualities.

  10. “韩欧”文价值认识比较论%Comparative Study on the Prose Value of Han Yu and Ouyang Xiu



    唐代韩愈、宋代欧阳修是中国古代散文代表唐宋八大家中的领袖人物,“韩欧”是唐宋散文、正统散文、文以明道、古代成熟散文的标志。历史上对“韩欧”文价值的比较认识存在差异,有韩高欧低、欧高韩低、“韩欧”各具特色、“韩欧”否定论等各类看法,本文就此进行归纳探讨。%Han Yu in the Tang dynasty and Ouyang Xiu in the Song dynasty are the representatives of Chinese ancient prose leader of Eight Giants of Tang and Song prose ."Han Yu and Ouyang Xiu"is a sign of prose in Tang and Song dynasty ,the classical prose ,the article to carry doctrine ,the mature ancient prose .In history ,there are different understanding of their prose value ,each having its ow n characteristics .This article gives its summary and discussion .

  11. On Prospects of Society in Yu Hua’ s Friends%余华《朋友》里的社会图景



    余华的《朋友》发表多年一直不被评论界注意,在余华作品中极为例外。而这一看似对“血腥暴力”缺乏渲染的作品,实际上在人类社会对暴力、权力的态度,以及群体与个人之间的微妙关系等方面都有深刻的批判,并最终完成了对暴力和权力的解构。%Yu Hua's Friends published many years ago and yet remains unnoticed by the critics, which of Yu Hua's works is exceptional. But this works, seemingly lack of rendering the"violence", had a critical attitude towards the violence and power in the Chinese society, delicate relationship between groups and individuals, and eventually completed the deconstruction of violence and power.

  12. 玉红膏治疗手部皲裂性湿疹疗效观察%Clinical Effects of YuHongGao in Treating Hand Eczema Fissum

    呼荟茹; 贾育蓉; 贾育新


    目的:观察玉红膏治疗手部皲裂性湿疹的临床疗效.方法:玉红膏外用治疗手部皲裂性湿疹56例,观察症状及体征改善情况.结果:治愈率42.0%,总有效率100%.结论:玉红膏外用治疗手部皲裂性湿疹疗效确切.%Objective: To observe clinical effects of YuHongGao in treating hand eczema fissum. Method: 56 cases of hand eczema fissum were given by YuHongGao. The improvements of symptom and sign were explored. Result: The cure rate was 42.0%, total effective rate was 100%. Conclusion: YuHongGao in treating hand eczema fissum can obtain definite effects.

  13. 俞景茂名老中医儿科学术经验述要%Professor Jingmao Yu's Clinical Experience in Pediatrics of TCM

    陈华; 李岚; 邬思远; 董逸翔


    [目的]总结全国第四批名老中医药专家学术继承工作指导老师俞景茂教授的儿科学术思想与临证经验,以更好地传承与创新。[方法]通过对俞景茂教授著作、论文的研究,跟师学习,聆听教诲,典型医案的收集、整理,以及临证思路、辨证规律的探究,总结其学术思想与临证经验。[结果]俞景茂教授拥有7个方面的独特学术思想:重基础,致力《小儿药证直诀》研究;集百家,重视中医儿科各家学说研究;诊儿病,强调病机学说是辨证论治体系的核心;治未病,提倡先证而治是辨证论治的充实和发展;汇中西,注重取长补短推动学术发展;深研究,提出多元多靶点治疗抗小儿哮喘复发;顺时代,主张养血疏风乃治疗小儿过敏性疾病之策等。[结论]俞景茂教授在中医儿科理论研究及临床疾病诊疗中积累了丰富的经验,其学术思想与临证经验值得传承和推广。%Objective] Yu Jingmao is advisor of fourth Chinese medicine inheritance in China, and also is famous doctor of TCM in Zhejiang Province. Professor Jingmao Yu has strength of basic knowledge and rich experience. This article aims to draw Professor Jingmao Yu's academic experience and preserve his clinical technology. [Method]With teacher learning, listening teaching, the study of teacher works and papers, typical cases of collecting and sorting, and clinical thinking, pattern researching, summarize his academic experience. [Result]Professor Jingmao Yu has seven unique academic ideas as follows. First, focusing on basis, and researching ancient book xiao er yao zheng zhi jue. Second, paying attention to theories of different schools. Third, emphasizing pathogenesis in pattern identification. Fourth, promoting preventive treatment of disease. Fifth, combining Chinese and western medicines. Sixth, preventing recurrence of asthma through multiple points. Seventh, treating allergic

  14. 福鼎槟榔芋主要轮作模式及其栽培技术%Main rotation models and cultivation techniques of Colocasia esculenta schott cv.fuding-yu



    Rotation cropping is the most effective technique measure in keeping the yield and quality of Colocasia esculenta schott cv.fuding-yu,this paper summarized the main advantages of rotation cropping,introduced the main rotation models and key cultivation techniques of Colocasia esculenta schott cv.fuding-yu.%轮作是保持福鼎槟榔芋产量和品质的最有效技术措施,本文综述了槟榔轮作的主要优点,介绍了福鼎槟榔芋主要轮作模式以及关键栽培技术。

  15. 体育审视:身体运动与人的全面发展%Inspection of "TiYu":physical movement and all -round development of human



    当前体育理论研究工作最重要的问题是对“体育”本身进行科学认识与统一的界定,这也是当前体育学发展与改革要解决的首要问题。应用文献资料法、逻辑分析法分析我国体育研究的症结与原因,厘清“体育”同 Physical education、Sport 之间的关系,阐明了我国体育的实质。结合我国当前教材中“体育”定义过于宽泛、不严谨等问题,用逻辑学定义的方法对“体育”重新定义。指出我国“体育”是一个中国化概念,其本质是以现代运动项目为载体,以身体发展为目的促进人全面发展的身体运动。%The most important issue of "TiYu"theoretical research is to have a scientific understand-ing and united definition on "TiYu"itself,which is also the primary problem that needs to be solved for the development and reform of "TiYu".The paper analyzed the problems of "TiYu"research, clarified the distinct relations between TiYu and physical education or Sport in China with methods of literature review and logic analysis,and then illuminated the essence of "TiYu".In view of the de-ficiencies of definition in the textbooks,such as being too broad or imprecise,the author has rede-fined the concept of "TiYu"with logic means.The study indicates that "TiYu"is a Chinese -char-acterized concept,and its essence is to take modern sports as carrier to promote the all -round de-velopment of human body by physical development.

  16. 论余华小说《第七天》的艺术张力%The Artistic Tension in the Novel The Seventh Day by Yu Hua



    继《兄弟》之后,沉寂七年的余华在2013年推出长篇新作《第七天》。小说一经发表,随之而来的各种评论不绝于耳,褒奖者有之,批评者更甚。余华深谙张力因素对小说的功用,在《第七天》中完美地呈现了三组显著的艺术张力:一是叙事结构上真实与虚构形成的巨大张力贯穿小说始终,推动故事的发展;二是苦难与温情的张力体现作家对底层人深沉的爱与同情;三是活着与死亡两个世界之间的张力体现作者强烈的现实主义批判精神。客观说来,《第七天》以其饱满的艺术张力,理应在余华的所有创作中占有一席之地。%After the novel Brothers,Yu Hua who has been dormant for seven years publishes a new novel The Seventh Day in 2013. All kinds of comments followed by the novel,in these comments have praise,but more criticism. Yu Hua knows tension for the role of the novel, The Seventh Day perfectly presents three groups of artistic tension: first, the huge tension formed from reality and fiction throughout the novel to promote the development of the plot;second,tension formed from suffering and warmth reflects writer's deep love and sympathy for the underlying people;thirdly,tension formed from the world of the living and death reflects the author's strong realistic critical spirit. Objectively speaking,The Seventh Day should place in Yu Hua's all creation because it's full of artistic tension.

  17. The Dilemma of Regulation against Yu-E-Bao and Its Solution%余额宝规制的困境与出路



    余额宝的混业经营型创新金融产品特征、金融法律相对于互联网金融市场创新的滞后性等是导致余额宝规制困境——过度规制与规制缺位并存的主要原因。突破困境,要基于增利宝业务的众筹本质填补规制缺位,借鉴美国JOBS法案,将众筹纳入我国证券法的调整范围,从发行总额限制、投资者总额限制、发行人的信息披露义务及众筹经纪人与集资门户的注册要求等方面,建立和完善我国的众筹发行豁免注册制度;还要纠正与防范对余额宝的过度规制,具体路径是对余额宝规制措施进行全面的成本收益分析,最终以规制措施的总体效果作为取舍的标准。%There is a dilemma of regulation for Yu-E-Bao that is the coexistence of excessive regulation with absent regulation,most of reasons for which are Yu-E-Bao’s feature as a kind of mixed management innovation financial products,hysteresis quality of financial law relative to internet financial innovation.How to break through the dilemma? The absence of regulation should be filled on the basis of Zeng-Li-Bao’s essence of crowdfunding.In other words,crowdfunding should be adjusted by securities law in our country referred by the American JOBS Act and crowdfunding issuing exemption from registration systems should be established and improved such as issuer’s total amount limit,investor’s total amount limit,issuer’s information disclosure obligation and registration requirements for raising agent and raise portal.Secondly,excessive regulation against Yu-E-Bao should be corrected and prevented,the concrete path of which is to conduct a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis of regulation measures.At last the standard of trade-offs is the overall effect of regulation measures.

  18. Physical properties of asteroid 308635 (2005 YU55) derived from multi-instrument infrared observations during a very close Earth approach

    Müller, T. G.; Miyata, T.; Kiss, C.; Gurwell, M. A.; Hasegawa, S.; Vilenius, E.; Sako, S.; Kamizuka, T.; Nakamura, T.; Asano, K.; Uchiyama, M.; Konishi, M.; Yoneda, M.; Ootsubo, T.; Usui, F.; Yoshii, Y.; Kidger, M.; Altieri, B.; Lorente, R.; Pál, A.; O'Rourke, L.; Metcalfe, L.


    The near-Earth asteroid 308635 (2005 YU55) is a potentially hazardous asteroid which was discovered in 2005 and passed Earth on Nov. 8, 2011 at 0.85 lunar distances. This was the closest known approach by an asteroid of several hundred metres in diameter since 1976 when an object of similar size passed at 0.5 lunar distances. We observed 2005 YU55 from the ground with a recently developed mid-IR camera (miniTAO/MAX38) in N and Q bands and with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) at 1.3 mm. In addition, we obtained space observations with Herschel/PACS at 70, 100, and 160 μm. Our thermal measurements cover a wide range of wavelengths from 8.9 μm to 1.3 mm and were taken after opposition at phase angles between -97° and -18°. We performed a radiometric analysis via a thermophysical model and combined our derived properties with results from radar, adaptive optics, lightcurve observations, speckle, and auxiliary thermal data. We find that 308635 (2005 YU55) has an almost spherical shape with an effective diameter of 300 to 312 m and a geometric albedo pV of 0.055 to 0.075. Its spin axis is oriented towards celestial directions (λecl, βecl) = (60° ± 30°, -60° ± 15°), which means it has a retrograde sense of rotation. The analysis of all available data combined revealed a discrepancy with the radar-derived size. Our radiometric analysis of the thermal data together with the problem to find a unique rotation period might be connected to a non-principal axis rotation. A low to intermediate level of surface roughness (rms mean slope in the range 0.1-0.3) is required to explain the available thermal measurements. We found a thermal inertia in the range 350-800 Jm-2 s-0.5 K-1, very similar to the rubble-pile asteroid 25 143 Itokawa and indicating a surface with a mixture of low conductivity fine regolith with larger rocks and boulders of high thermal inertia. Table 2 is available in electronic form at

  19. Errors in Han Yu Da Ci Dian:Corrections and Supplements%《汉语大词典》商补再续



    文章以“碍眼”等22个词语为例,对《汉语大词典》存在的语源失考、词条失收、义项不全、误释引例、引例滞后等失误进行了补正。%The present paper, taking 22 words, including “ai yan” (lit.:be an eyesore), as example, makes corrections of , or supplements to , the errors in the Han Yu Da Ci Dian ( A Dictionary of Chinese) re-garding etymological mistakes , ignorance of entries , incomplete word-meaning , defects in quotation explana-tions, outdated quotations , etc.

  20. Changes in composition and pore space of sand rocks in the oil water contact zone (section YU1 3-4, Klyuchevskaya area, Tomsk region)

    Nedolivko, N.; Perevertailo, T.; Pavlovec, T.


    The article provides an analysis of specific features in changes of rocks in the oil water contact zone. The object of study is the formation YU1 3-4 (J3o1) of Klyuchevskaya oil deposit (West Siberian oil-gas province, Tomsk region). The research data allow the authors to determine vertical zoning of the surface structure and identify the following zones: oil saturation (weak alteration), bitumen-content dissolution, non-bitumen-content dissolution, cementation, including rocks not affected by hydrocarbon deposit. The rocks under investigation are characterized by different changes in composition, pore space, as well as reservoir filtration and volumetric parameters. Detection of irregularity in distribution of void- pore space in oil-water contact zones is of great practical importance. It helps to avoid the errors in differential pressure drawdown and explain the origin of low-resistivity collectors.

  1. Professor SUN Yu-xin treats coughing from damp%孙玉信教授从湿论治咳嗽

    刘博; 王鹏; 孙玉信


    Professor SUN Yu-xin considers that damp pathogen is an important factor in coughing, and divides coughing into three different types, including Fengshi coughing, Xire coughing and Hanshi coughing. In clinic, herbs of effects in invigorating the spleen, including fried Semen Raphani, raw Semen Coicis, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and Poria are added, and satisfied efficacy is achieved.%  孙玉信教授认为湿邪是咳嗽的重要病因,并将湿邪咳嗽主要分为风湿咳嗽、湿热咳嗽和寒湿咳嗽,临床治疗中多加用炒卜子、生薏苡仁、陈皮、茯苓等健脾胃的药物,取得良好的疗效。

  2. Qualitative analysis of major constituents from Xue Fu Zhu Yu Decoction using ultra high performance liquid chromatography with hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

    Fu, Chunyan; Xia, Zian; Liu, Yonghui; Lu, Hongmei; Zhang, Zhimin; Wang, Yang; Fan, Xiaqiong


    Xue Fu Zhu Yu Decoction, a famous formula that has been used for treating many blood stasis-caused diseases for many centuries, comprises 11 kinds of traditional Chinese medicines. A convenient, efficient, and rapid analytical method was developed to simultaneously determine the major compounds in this decoction. An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with hybrid ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry method was used to rapidly separate and detect the major constituents of the decoction. Using this technique, we identified or tentatively identified 34 compounds, including 21 flavonoids, 5 terpenoids, 3 organic acids, 2 lactones, 1 alkaloid, 1 amino acid, and 1 cyanogenic glycoside. The MS analysis of these constituents was described in detail. Findings may contribute to future metabolic and pharmacokinetic studies of this medicine.

  3. On Yu Pingbo's Artistic Personality in His New Poetry%俞平伯新诗艺术风格探微



    Yu Pingbo is a famous pioneer poet on the May Fourth Movement, and he hid the foundation for the development of new poetry. The gloom conception, philosophy, and beautiful temperament are made up of its unique artistie personality.%俞平伯是“五四”以来著名的新诗人,是新诗运动的先驱和闯将。朦胧的意境、富有哲理的思想和音律美的语言,共同构成了其新诗独特的艺术风格,体现了他淳朴、恬适、自甘的文学追求。

  4. Migration of Azospirillum brasilense Yu62 from Root to Stem and Leaves Inside Rice and Tobacco Plants%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62由水稻和烟草根部向茎、叶的迁移运动

    迟峰; 沈世华; 陈三凤; 荆玉祥


    Azospirillum brasilense Tarrand, Krieg et Dobereiner is one of the important plant growthpromotion endophytes. A. brasilense Yu62 tagged with gfp gene was inoculated into roots of rice and tobacco seedlings, which were then, cultured in gnotobiotic condition. At a certain days after inoculation the different portions of the seedling were observed under laser confocal microscope, resulting in that A.brasilense Yu62 bacteria were colonized in epidermal and cortical cells, intercellular spaces and vascular system of stem and leaf tissue interiors besides in roots. Higher populations of the bacteria isolated from roots, stems and leaves indicated that A. brasilense Yu62 bacteria could ascend themselves from roots to stems and leaves of rice and tobacco. This observation lays down the foundation for ecology and cell morphology of bacterial migration inside plants, interaction between A. brasilense Yu62 bacteria and host cells as well as the plant-growth promotion, provides scientific basis for further application, and is of importance in science and practice.%巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillrm brasilence)是重要的植物促生内生菌之一.用gfp基因标记固氮螺菌后接种无菌的水稻和烟草幼苗的根部,限制培养一定时间后,用共聚焦激光显微镜观察,结果表明:除了根部有发荧光的螺菌定殖外,螺菌还分布在茎、叶的表皮细胞,皮层细胞和维管系统组织的细胞间隙.从根、茎、叶器官分离固氮螺菌,都存在有较高的螺菌群体密度.这一结果证明螺菌在植物内存在着从根部向茎、叶顶端的迁移现象.这一发现为研究巴西固氮螺菌在窠主植物体内的迁移运动的机制、与植物细胞间的分子相互作用及其对植物的促生作用奠定了生态学和细胞形态学的基础,也为实际应用提示了进一步的科学依据,具有重要的科学和实践意义.

  5. 论于光远先生的生态经济伦理观%On Yu Guang-yuan's Ethical Thought of Eco-economy



    Yu Guang-yuan had a unique profound understanding of eco-economy.He emphasized the consistency of ecology-economy and differences of perspective;he underlined the ecological value and economic significance of ar-tificial nature .Furthermore , he emphasized the identity of ecology , economy and ethics , and adhered to practical ethics position in ecological research .These viewpoints have significant guiding function in ecology protection , eco-logical civilization construction acceleration , and industrial structure adjustment and even in circular economy de-velopment .Yu's interdisciplinary research method and the foresight prospective make our vision wider and bring us a lot of enlightenments to construct our beautiful country .%于光远先生对生态经济有非常独特的认识,强调生态与经济之对象一致性和视角的差异;强调人工自然的生态价值和经济意义。进而,于先生强调生态、经济与道德的同一性,并坚持研究生态问题的实践伦理学立场。他的这些观点对保护生态、提速生态文明建设,对经济结构、产业结构的合理调整,发展循环经济,都有重要的指导作用。于先生这种跨学科的研究方法和前瞻性思维方式在开阔我们视野的同时,也给我们“圆美丽中国梦”以深远启示。

  6. 在现代与传统之间%Between Modernity and Tradition ——On the Characteristics of Yu Guang-zhong's Poetry



    余光中的诗融会了西方现代文化的灵性和中国传统文化的神韵,在传统与现代、历史与现实之间走出了一条属于自己的现代主义诗歌的创作道路,具有鲜明特征。在内容上,表现出强烈的“中国情结”和“乡愁母题”特征,体现出强烈的中华民族意识和坦诚的人生情怀。在艺术上,将西方现代诗艺与中国传统诗歌精神相融合,一方面受西方象征主义、存在主义和超现实主义的影响,另一方面借助于中国古代诗词传统的联想、象征手法和结构的优点,在表现现代人自身的主体意识方面有很大的突破。他的诗构思巧妙、想象丰富、追求诗的整齐,讲究诗的和谐,强调诗的节奏韵律,创造了与中国语言文字特点相结合的民族化的诗歌艺术美,赋予了现代新诗活力。%Blending the charm of Chinese traditional culture and theintelligence of modern western culture in his poetry, Yu Guang-zhong has blazed his own trail of peotry writing of modernism, which goes between the paths of convention and modernity as well as between the paths of history and reality. Yu Guang-zhong's poetry possessed the following distinctive characteristics: as to the content, his poetry always focuses on the theme of nostalgia cherished by overseas Chinese, which represents intense love for life. As to his means of artistic expression, being greatly influenced by the symbolism, existentialism , and super-realism in the west as well as association, symbol and structure in classic Chinese poetry, he combines the spirits of traditional Chinese poetry with techniques of modern western poetry. By this means, he has made a breakthrough in expressing the self-consciousness of modern individuals. With the ingenious plot, abundant imagination, neat structure, harmonious form and melodious rhythm and rhyme, Yu Guang-zhong's poetry exhibits the poetic beauty which is closely related to the features of

  7. 安神解郁胶囊治疗神经症50例%AnShen JieYu Capsule in Treating 50 Patients with Neurosis



    Objective:To observe therapeutic effects of AnShen JieYu capsules in the treatment for neurosis. Methods: One hundred patients were randomized into the treatment group and the control group, both groups re-ceived routine treatment of western medicine:antianxiety drug, antidepressant drug, selective serotonin reuptake in-hibitors (SSRIs) and other drugs. The treatment group took AnShen JieYu capsules, six pills each time, three times each day. Both groups were medicated for one month consecutively. The changes of symptom scales such as the mood, mind, language, behavior and sleep in both groups were explored between before and after treating. Results:Total effective rate of the treatment group was 90.0%, higher than 80.0%of the control group with significant differ-ence (P<0.05). Symptom scales of the mood, mind, language, behavior, sleep and others were decreased significant-ly after treating (P<0.05), the decrease of the observation group was more evident (P<0.05). Conclusion:AnShen JieYu capsules could relieve the syptoms of the patients obviously.%目的:观察安神解郁胶囊治疗神经症的临床疗效。方法:将100例神经症患者随机分为治疗组与对照组各50例,2组均给予抗焦虑剂、抗抑郁剂、选择性5-羟色胺再摄取抑制剂等西药常规治疗。治疗组在此基础上加服安神解郁胶囊,6粒/次,3次/d。2组均连续用药1个月。观察2组治疗前后情绪、神志、语言、行为、睡眠等症状评分的变化情况。结果:总有效率治疗组为90.0%,对照组为80.0%,2组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。情绪、神志、语言、行为、睡眠等症状评分2组治疗后均明显降低(P<0.05),观察组降低更明显(P<0.05)。结论:安神解郁胶囊可明显缓解患者症状。

  8. 南通5A级旅游景区标识翻译的现状及规范对策--以南通濠河风景区为例%Nantong 5A-class tourist scenic spot specification and status quo of translation strategies--in Nantong city Hao river scenic area as an example



    随着南通的经济和文化的发展,旅游业逐渐成为当地经济的一个不可缺失的重要支柱和城市形象的窗口,但是景区的标识语的翻译却存在着许多翻译失误亟待解决。本文从语言失误和语用失误两方面出发,分析了以南通濠河风景区为代表的5A级旅游景区标识翻译的失误现状及规范对策。%With the Nantong economic and cultural development, tourism has become an important pilar of local economy and the window of the city image, but the translation of the logo of scenic spot have many translation mistakes which need to be addressed. This article embarks from the two aspects of language errors and pragmatic failures, analyzes the status quo of translation mistakes represented the by Nantong city Hao river scenic area 5A-class tourist scenic spot and the countermeasures to make them standard.

  9. The Power of Annotating and Indicating in the Symbol of Color——An Case Study of Oil Painting Collection Atmosphere originated from your feeling by GONG Hao%色彩符号的意蕴能指与力显——龚浩油画作品集《情至境生》品读



    作为置身于自然符号体系中的色彩符号,因为其所具有的卓越的涵容性、多元化和自然文化意蕴的丰富能指而被艺术家们广泛地运用于各自的绘画艺术创作中,再兼艺术家们的色彩价值取向、审美情感传达和艺术表现方式的不尽相同,其作品中的色彩符号便更富有了变异性、丰富性、综合性的审美质征。龚浩油画作品集《情至境生》中的不少作品所表达出的色彩符号正是凸显出了这样的审美质征。%The symbol of color,as part of the symbol system of nature,has profound meaning,possibility and cultural annotation and finds position in the paintings of artists.The color expresses more nature of change,profoundness and comprehensiveness due to the different aesthetics,values of color and painting styles of different artists.The oil painting collection "Atmosphere originated from your feeling" by GONG Hao is an excellent illustration of this doctrine.

  10. 公示语英译现状分析及应对策略探讨--以南通濠河风景区为例%Analysis and Discussion on the Current Situation of Eng-lish Translation for Public Signs and the Coping Strategy:Taking the Scenic Area of Moat Hao in Nantong as an Example


      公示语的英译就如同一张名片,向外国友人介绍我们的城市。景区公示语的英译水平更代表着一个旅游景区的形象。本文结合实例,从南通濠河风景区公示语英译的现状出发,指出存在的问题,分析造成错误的原因,同时探讨提高公示语英译水平的相关策略。%English translation of public signs sends information of a city to foreigners just like a business card. The level of transla-tion of the public signs in a scenic spot will affect its image as well. The scenic area of Moat Hao in Nantong is taken as an ex-ample. According to the current situation and analysis of given examples, existing problems are pointed out together with the causes of them. And coping strategies for improving the level of translation are explored.

  11. 劳伦斯与郁达夫小说的性伦理思想%Sex Ethics Thought in the Fictions by Lawrence and Yu Dafu



    劳伦斯和郁达夫小说的性伦理思想主要体现为:反对理性、道德对人性的干预;主张回归人的自然本性;追求"灵"、"肉"相谐.他们从自己的性伦理标准出发,塑造了一系列具有或丑陋或理想的性关系的人物形象.这对于揭露批判资本主义工业文明对人性的扭曲、封建道德对生命本能的压抑,创建情欲相谐、灵肉统一的新型两性关系具有积极意义.由于劳伦斯在否定资产阶级道德的同时,也否定了任何道德的必要,因而他的性伦理是有缺陷的.郁达夫用充满人道精神的性伦理来反对传统的封建伦理,因而社会现实意义更大一些.%The major thoughts of the sex ethics embodied in Lawrence's and Yu da-fu's fiction are mainly the following points: opposition to the oppression of humanity by rationality and existing social morality, advocacy of the restoration of human nature, pursuit of the harmony between "spirit" and "flesh". They describe some character images (evil or ideal ) with sex relation according to their own sex ethics standards. It has active meaning in Lawrence's criticism of the distortion of humanity by industrialization and the opposition of life nature by feudalism morality, creation of a new sex relation in sexuality harmony and unity of "flesh"and "spirit". However, Lawrence's own sex ethics is also flawed, for he denies the necessity of any morality when he negates the bourgeois morality. While Yu da-fu oppresses traditional feudalism ethics by way of humanity spirit in his fictions, so it gets more realism.

  12. 尧、舜、禹禅让说之证伪%On the Falsification of the Account of the Abdication of Yao,Shun and Yu

    史芳树; 方嘉珍


    When examined with reason and logic, several important links of the account of the abdication of Yao,Shun,Yu are self-contradictory. For instance, both Dan Zhu and Shang Jun lost their throne for being "unworthy", yet their unworthiness was not only inconsistent with the meaning of unworthiness but with the father-son affection. The account of Yao's marrying his two daughters to Shun and sending his nine sons to inspect him is defected in its inversion of methods and results. The two attempting to murder Shun by setting fire and live burying are in the lack of motives and the ridiculous strategies of both the murderer and the victim are ridiculous. The details of Shun's avoidance of Dan Zhu and Yu's avoidance of Shang Jun can not withstand scrutiny. The cause of Yi's loss of opportunity is contradictory with Qi's succession to the throne for being "virtuous". In a word, the accounts of the abdication of Yao,Shun and Yu must be falsified.%以情理与逻辑检验尧、舜、禹、启禅让说中的几个重要环节皆自相矛盾。诸如丹朱、商均因“不肖”而失去天子位,不符合“不肖”的词义,有违父子亲情;帝尧嫁二女为舜妻、遣九男为舜仆的说法,存在着手段与结果倒置等诸多漏洞;谋杀舜的纵火、活埋两案,既无合理的作案动机,凶手亦无作案机会,凶手与受害人在策略上同样乖谬;舜避让丹朱、禹避让商均的细节经不起推敲;益错过机会的理由与启因“贤”而继位同样自相矛盾。因此,尧、舜、禹、启禅让说是伪作。

  13. Topical problems of the theory of Transcendental numbers: Development of approaches to their solution in the works of Yu. V. Nesterenko

    Chirskii, V. G.


    The present paper is a survey of a part of the theory devoted to certain problems concerning the algebraic independence of the values of analytic functions, to quantitative results on estimates for the measure of transcendence or the measure of algebraic independence of numbers, to functional analogs of these results on the algebraic independence of solutions of algebraic differential equations, and estimates for the multiplicities of zeros for polynomials in these solutions, which play an important role in the proof of numerical results. This choice is related to the fact that, in December 2016, the head of the Department of Number Theory of Moscow State University, Corresponding Member of the RAS Yu.V. Nesterenko, who did a lot to develop these directions of the theory Transcendental numbers and whose works are marked by many awards, became seventy. He is a laureate of the Markov RAS Prize, 2006, of the Ostrovsky international prize, 1997, of the Hardy-Ramanujan Society Prize, 1997, and the Alexander von Humboldt Prize, 2003. Since the article is dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the birth of Yurii Valentinovich, we preface the scientific part with a brief biography.

  14. Identification and Functional Analysis of microRNAs Involved in the Anther Development in Cotton Genic Male Sterile Line Yu98-8A

    Xiaojie Yang


    Full Text Available Hybrid vigor contributes in a large way to the yield and quality of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum fiber. Although microRNAs play essential regulatory roles in flower induction and development, it is still unclear if microRNAs are involved in male sterility, as the regulatory molecular mechanisms of male sterility in cotton need to be better defined. In this study, two independent small RNA libraries were constructed and sequenced from the young buds collected from the sporogenous cell formation to the meiosis stage of the male sterile line Yu98-8A and the near-isogenic line. Sequencing revealed 1588 and 1536 known microRNAs and 347 and 351 novel miRNAs from male sterile and male fertile libraries, respectively. MicroRNA expression profiles revealed that 49 conserved and 51 novel miRNAs were differentially expressed. Bioinformatic and degradome analysis indicated the regulatory complexity of microRNAs during flower induction and development. Further RT-qPCR and physiological analysis indicated that, among the different Kyoto Encyclopedia Gene and Genomes pathways, indole-3-acetic acid and gibberellic acid signaling transduction pathways may play pivotal regulatory functions in male sterility.

  15. Detection and identification of Huo-Xue-Hua-Yu decoction (HXHYD) using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy and multivariate analysis

    Chen, Weiwei; Lin, Jia; Chen, Rong; Feng, Shangyuan; Yu, Yun; Lin, Duo; Huang, Meizhen; Shi, Hong; Huang, Hao


    We have evaluated the capabilities of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) technology for analyzing two Huo-Xue-Hua-Yu decoctions (HXHYDs) prepared according to different prescriptions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relevance of SERS technology applied to decoction of traditional Chinese medicines (TCM). HXHYD I was prepared according to the original prescription; the same preparation method was used for the HXHYD II, except for the crudeweight ratio described in the original prescription. There was no Raman signal in conventional Raman spectra of HXHYDs. Silver nanoparticles were directly mixed with HXHYDs to enhance the Raman scattering of biochemical constituents, and high quality SERS spectra were obtained. Significant differences in SERS spectra between HXHYD I and II can be observed, which showed special changes in the percentage of biochemical constituents in different decoctions. Principal components analysis (PCA) combined with linear discriminant analysis (LDA) were employed to generate diagnostic algorithms for classification of SERS spectra of two HXHYDs, and showed that a diagnostic accuracy of 100% can be achieved. This work demonstrated that the SERS technique has potential for spectral characteristic detection for decoction of TCM with high sensitivity, and that this technique, combined with PCA-LDA, can be used for quality control of the extracted decoction of TCM and production management of Chinese herbal preparations.

  16. 租界文化影响下的曹禺及其剧作%Cao Yu and his Plays Influenced by the Culture of Leased Territory



    Living in a time of leased territory and settled in one literarily in Tianjin, playwright Cao Yu could not be free from influence of the culture of the leased territory, neither his character or his plays. Some of his best plays -The Tempest, The Sunrise, and The Beijing Natives -are set in the leased terri-tory and provide pictures of the leased territory not unintentionally.The author of this paper attempts to read his plays and the playwright himself from the perspective of the culture of leased territory.%身处租界时代又长在天津租界区的曹禺,不可能不受到租界空气的影响,从而形成他的独特个性气质及创作心理。在这一创作心理的潜性诱导下,他创作了一系列优秀的剧作,以《雷雨》、《日出》、《北京人》为代表,并在其中绘制了一幅幅鲜明的租界图景。笔者试图从租界文化的角度来解读曹禺及其剧作,以期为理解曹禺寻求另一种解读路径。

  17. 论曹禺早期剧作中的空白人物%Discussion on Blank Characters in CAO Yu's Early Drama



    CAO Yu creates many vivid drama characters. They include not only visible figures with distinct personality and color- ful feature, but also blank characters that have never showed up on the stage. Though these blank characters do not appear on the stage, they closely interact with visible figures, participating in the story, deepening the figures, and demonstrating the u- niquely aesthetic implication of the writers. Starting with Thunderstorm, Sunrise, Champaign and Pekingese, the blank characters are explored.%曹禺塑造了许多栩栩如生的戏剧人物,既有个性鲜明、有声有色的有形人物,也不乏不曾现身舞台的空白人物。这些空白人物在舞台上虽然是无形的,但他们与有形人物遥相呼应,一起参与剧情,深化人物,展示着作家独特的审美意趣。从曾禺早期的几部戏剧作品《雷雨》、《日出》、《原野》和《北京人》入手分析其中的空白人物。

  18. Analysis on YU Jiayan’s Understanding of Diabetes%浅谈喻嘉言对消渴的认识

    罗文娟; 喻嵘; 唐元; 陈聪; 曾婧; 张翔


    Most ancient physicians believed that the pathogenesis of diabetes is Yin deficiency and dry heat,while YU Jiayan had inherited the theoretical ideas from Inner Canon of Huangdi and ZHANG Zhongjing,he thought the etiology of diabetes is originate from deficiency of Qi energy and the pathogenesis of diabetes is beginning in stomach and ends in lung and kidney ,so the treatment focus on spleen and stomach,which has provided new theoretical orientations for later physicians and clinic ideas on the diabetes treatments.%历代医家多认为消渴的病机在于阴虚燥热,然喻嘉言承袭《黄帝内经》和仲景理论提出独特的见解,认为消渴“源于气虚”,“始于胃而极于肺肾”,治疗强调注重脾胃,为后世医家治疗消渴提供了新的论治方向和临床思路。

  19. On Yu Dafu's Novel Style%“带实写风”的浪漫抒情--郁达夫小说风格∗



    Yu Dafu's novels display romantic and realistic features in theme,lyrical methods,structure and pursuit of natural and emotional beauty.They are a poetic,sentimental,and unique literary landscape, which improves Chinese literary taste in novels and lyrical literature.His style is distinctive,but imperfect, providing imaginary space for aesthetic reading towards “ascending beauty”.%郁达夫小说在题材选择、抒情方式、结构形态和自然美、感伤美追求诸方面,呈现出带写实风的浪漫抒情特征。它是一道诗意盈盈,情意绵绵,风格独异的文学风景,提升了中国现代小说和抒情文学的艺术品位。郁达夫的风格奇特,但不是完美的,它给我们的审美阅读“朝着美的上升”提供了想象空间。

  20. Metabolic Flux Redirection and Transcriptomic Reprogramming in the Albino Tea Cultivar ‘Yu-Jin-Xiang’ with an Emphasis on Catechin Production

    Liu, Guo-Feng; Han, Zhuo-Xiao; Feng, Lin; Gao, Li-Ping; Gao, Ming-Jun; Gruber, Margaret Y.; Zhang, Zhao-Liang; Xia, Tao; Wan, Xiao-Chun; Wei, Shu


    In this study, shade-induced conversion from a young pale/yellow leaf phenotype to a green leaf phenotype was studied using metabolic and transcriptomic profiling and the albino cultivar ‘Yu-Jin-Xiang’ (‘YJX’) of Camellia sinensis for a better understanding of mechanisms underlying the phenotype shift and the altered catechin and theanine production. Shaded leaf greening resulted from an increase in leaf chlorophyll and carotenoid abundance and chloroplast development. A total of 1,196 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between the ‘YJX’ pale and shaded green leaves, and these DEGs affected ‘chloroplast organization’ and ‘response to high light’ besides many other biological processes and pathways. Metabolic flux redirection and transcriptomic reprogramming were found in flavonoid and carotenoid pathways of the ‘YJX’ pale leaves and shaded green leaves to different extents compared to the green cultivar ‘Shu-Cha-Zao’. Enhanced production of the antioxidant quercetin rather than catechin biosynthesis was correlated positively with the enhanced transcription of FLAVONOL SYNTHASE and FLAVANONE/FLAVONOL HYDROXYLASES leading to quercetin accumulation and negatively correlated to suppressed LEUCOANTHOCYANIDIN REDUCTASE, ANTHOCYANIDIN REDUCTASE and SYNTHASE leading to catechin biosynthesis. The altered levels of quercetin and catechins in ‘YJX’ will impact on its tea flavor and health benefits. PMID:28332598

  1. Metabolic Flux Redirection and Transcriptomic Reprogramming in the Albino Tea Cultivar 'Yu-Jin-Xiang' with an Emphasis on Catechin Production.

    Liu, Guo-Feng; Han, Zhuo-Xiao; Feng, Lin; Gao, Li-Ping; Gao, Ming-Jun; Gruber, Margaret Y; Zhang, Zhao-Liang; Xia, Tao; Wan, Xiao-Chun; Wei, Shu


    In this study, shade-induced conversion from a young pale/yellow leaf phenotype to a green leaf phenotype was studied using metabolic and transcriptomic profiling and the albino cultivar 'Yu-Jin-Xiang' ('YJX') of Camellia sinensis for a better understanding of mechanisms underlying the phenotype shift and the altered catechin and theanine production. Shaded leaf greening resulted from an increase in leaf chlorophyll and carotenoid abundance and chloroplast development. A total of 1,196 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between the 'YJX' pale and shaded green leaves, and these DEGs affected 'chloroplast organization' and 'response to high light' besides many other biological processes and pathways. Metabolic flux redirection and transcriptomic reprogramming were found in flavonoid and carotenoid pathways of the 'YJX' pale leaves and shaded green leaves to different extents compared to the green cultivar 'Shu-Cha-Zao'. Enhanced production of the antioxidant quercetin rather than catechin biosynthesis was correlated positively with the enhanced transcription of FLAVONOL SYNTHASE and FLAVANONE/FLAVONOL HYDROXYLASES leading to quercetin accumulation and negatively correlated to suppressed LEUCOANTHOCYANIDIN REDUCTASE, ANTHOCYANIDIN REDUCTASE and SYNTHASE leading to catechin biosynthesis. The altered levels of quercetin and catechins in 'YJX' will impact on its tea flavor and health benefits.

  2. A Deep Exploration Into the "word of God" Reputation About LiYu in the Realm of Literature%千古词帝钩沉



    李煜之所以能在文学史上享有“词帝”的美誉,是与他所生长的环境培养出深厚的文学功底、独特的生活经历和率真的性情息息相关的。就词学审美来说,主要是因为他善于调动各种表现手法来抒发内心的真情实感。可以说率真的性情和高超的艺术表现手法是成就李煜千古词帝的最根本原因。%Li Yu can enjoy the "word of God" reputation in the history of literature,with his growth environment cultivating profound literary background,the unique life experience and openness of temperament,mainly because he is good at mobilizing various ways to express the his inner real feelings as the aesthetic of Ci poetry. It can be said sincere temperament and superb artistic expression that is the most fundamental reason for enjoying the "word of God" reputation .

  3. Tn5-mutagenesis and identification of atr operon and trpE gene responsible for indole-3-acetic acid synthesis in Azospirillum brasilense Yu62


    To bring more information about synthesis of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) from Azospirillum brasilense, a Tn5-insertion library of A. brasilense Yu62 was constructed and subjected to screening for IAA producing mutants. Two mutants with decreased IAA levels, named as A3 and A24, were isolated. The sequence analysis of loci tagged showed that the Tn5-1063a was located in the atrA gene encoding GntR family transcriptional regulator and trpE gene encoding component I of anthranilate synthase respectively. At the same time, atrB encoding phosphotransferase and atrC encoding aminotransferase were cloned downstream the atrA gene and atrA,atrB and atrC were clustered in an operon. Mutagenesis and complementation studies showed that atrA and atrC were involved in IAA synthesis. IAA levels of trpE mutant and wild-type strain could be improved by adding anthranilate into the medium.

  4. Application of Traditional Pattern of Ba and Yu to Tourist Souvenirs%巴渝传统图案在旅游纪念品中的应用



    This paper expounds that the tourist souvenirs in the tourism industry have an important position and play a un-neglec-ted role, objectively analyzes the problems existed in the tourism souvenir markets and the souvenirs themselves, and based on this, proposes how to combine “traditional pattern”, one of representatives of local culture, with the design and development of tourist souvenirs from the angle of product design in order to design and make the tourist souvenirs with the characteristics of Ba and Yu local culture.%本文阐述了旅游纪念品在旅游业中的不可忽视的重要地位和作用,客观分析了目前巴渝地区旅游纪念品市场、纪念品本身所存在的问题。在此基础上,本文从产品设计的角度提出了如何将地域文化的代表之一---“传统图案”与旅游纪念品设计开发相结合,设计制造出具有巴渝地区地域文化特色的旅游纪念品。

  5. Bold and Straightforward: Remark on Denouncing Buddhism Articles by Han-yu%气壮而理直:韩愈辟佛之文刍议



    中唐时期,佞佛风气盛行,全民癫狂,为挽当时之佞佛风气,树儒家之正统,韩愈作《原道》《论佛骨表》等文,文章正气凛然,有冲决一时之效。笔者试论其文气盛之表现与缘由,感受韩文“长江大河,浑浩流转”之风貌。%At the middle Tang dynasty, Buddhism-flattering prevailed that rendered the whole society mania. In order to rescue the country from this abnormality of heretical vogue whereby to set up the legitimacy of Confucianism, Han-yu wrote articles of The Original Doctrine and The Dispute of Buddhist Bone, which merited boldness, straightforward,and instantaneous effectiveness of shocking. This article analyzes his articles in terms of their grandiose spirits as well as their causes,revealing the features in his articles of the "giant river, gorgeous and surging".

  6. A Lexical Study On the Chinese Translations of Dong-Mun-Yu-Hae%《同文类解》汉译语词研究



    Dong-Mun-Yu-Hae is a Chinese-Korean-Manchu trilingual classify vocabulary book edited by the Korean Translation Bureau Sayogwon.Compared with the Korean and Manchu translations,we find that many of the Chinese words in this book reflected the features of the Spoken Han'er Language in Qianlong period in Qing Dynasty.Some of the words even present the unique characteristics of Northeast Dialect.And few words are not the standard expressions which were affected by the mother tongue of Korean editors.%《同文类解》是朝鲜王朝司译院编辑的一部汉—韩—满三语对译分类词汇书。通过对照该书的韩国语、满语对译来考释该书的汉译语词,发现该书大量汉译语词较好地反映清代乾隆年间"汉儿言语"的口语特点,部分语词还呈现出东北方言独有的特质。少量语词是受编著者母语韩国语影响的不规范表达方式。

  7. The summer snow cover anomaly over the Tibetan Plateau and its association with simultaneous precipitation over the mei-yu-baiu region

    Liu, Ge; Wu, Renguang; Zhang, Yuanzhi; Nan, Sulan


    The summer snow anomalies over the Tibetan Plateau (TP) and their effects on climate variability are often overlooked, possibly due to the fact that some datasets cannot properly capture summer snow cover over high terrain. The satellite-derived Equal-Area Scalable Earth grid (EASE-grid) dataset shows that snow still exists in summer in the western part and along the southern flank of the TP. Analysis demonstrates that the summer snow cover area proportion (SCAP) over the TP has a significant positive correlation with simultaneous precipitation over the mei-yu-baiu (MB) region on the interannual time scale. The close relationship between the summer SCAP and summer precipitation over the MB region could not be simply considered as a simultaneous response to the Silk Road pattern and the SST anomalies in the tropical Indian Ocean and tropical central-eastern Pacific. The SCAP anomaly has an independent effect and may directly modulate the land surface heating and, consequently, vertical motion over the western TP, and concurrently induce anomalous vertical motion over the North Indian Ocean via a meridional vertical circulation. Through a zonal vertical circulation over the tropics and a Kelvin wave-type response, anomalous vertical motion over the North Indian Ocean may result in an anomalous high over the western North Pacific and modulate the convective activity in the western Pacific warm pool, which stimulates the East Asia-Pacific (EAP) pattern and eventually affects summer precipitation over the MB region.

  8. The Unhappy Boys--- On the Boys' Survival Situation in Yu Hua's Novels%失乐的少年--论余华小说中男孩的生存境遇



    In the contemporary literature , children often appear ,many writers prefer children's perspective narrative . In Yu Hua's novels , children are everywhere . Especially on the boy image , Yu Hua's writing shows more in - depth bone marrow , and is more impressive .The boys in Yu Hua's novels are often unhappy and their growing - up is full of hardships and suffering . Doomed fate of starvation ,unable to resist physical violence and homeless souls make these teenagers caught in a dilemma of unhappiness .The three fates , taking a beating ,suffering from hunger and getting a scolding are Yu Hua's unique understanding and reflection for boys' world .%在当代文学中,儿童的出镜率很高,许多作家也都偏爱儿童视角的叙事。在余华的小说里,儿童的身影更是随处可见。特别是在男孩形象的塑造上,余华的书写更深入骨髓,也更震撼人心。余华小说中的男孩常常与快乐绝缘,他们的成长岁月充满艰辛和苦难。在劫难逃的饥饿命运,无法抵挡的肉体暴力以及灵魂无家的四顾茫然让这群少年陷入一种失乐的困境。挨饿、挨打、挨弃这三种人生命运是余华对男孩世界的独特理解和反映。

  9. 《汉语大字典》“艸”部字际关系考辨%Research on Inter-Characters Relations in Han Yu Da Zi Dian



    The paper researchs the Characters of “艸”bu in Han Yu Da Zi Dian ,and points out some mis-takes existing in dealing with the inter -Characters relations .%以第二版《汉语大字典》第六册“艸”部若干字为例,指出其在字际关系沟通上存在的问题,并对其进行考辨。

  10. Boiling desi re---Analysis Yu Dafu’s emotional life While he was studying in Japan%沸腾的欲望--谈郁达夫留日期间的情感生活

    马维; 鲁守广


    In the May Fourth generation of writers ,Yu Dafu’s works and himself have strong characteristics of the time .Yu Dafu’s experience is very legendary ,but also a very controversial one .In this article ,I think Yu Dafu is only shy and confident when he was young ,and its “humble themselves from animal husbandry ,” the temperament real life experience in Japan caused .During his stay at no capital or symbolic capital transcend racial distance to meet their instinc-tive desire ,the impact of Yu Dafu thereafter for Japan’s attitudes and political views as well as to his understanding of gender .%在“五四”一代的作家中,郁达夫的作品和人都具有浓厚的时代特征。郁达夫的经历是极具传奇性的,同时也是很有争议的一个人。郁达夫少时性格只是内向腼腆而已,是很自信的,其“卑己自牧”的性情实为日本生活经验所造成。他留日时期没有资本或者象征性的资本超越种族上的距离以满足自己的本能欲望,影响了郁达夫此后对于日本的态度和政治观点以及他对两性的认识。

  11. 成渝产业带主要城市空间关系研究%The Research of Main Cities Space Relations of Cheng-Yu Industry Belt

    黄炳康; 李忆春; 吴敏


    The cities space relations mean space interative relations among cities, its complicated degree is an im-portant index of regional cities assemble benefits. This article discusses main cities space relations of Cheng-Yuindustry belt. First, this article measures some indexes which mark the main cities space interactive strengths ofChen-Yu industry belt, and compares them with other main industry belts in China. Then, the article makes aconcrete analysis of main cities interaction of ChengYu industry belt. The third main part discusses the harmo-nious development thinkings of main cities space interaction of Cheng-Yu industry belt.%城市空间关系是指城市与城市空间相互作用关系,它的复杂程度是区域城市群体集聚效益的重要标志之一。通过对成渝产业带主要城市空间相互作用强度进行测算,分析了产业带内主要城市空间关系,提出了产业带内主要城市空间关系协调发展的思路。

  12. Violence and Warmth:on the Postmodern Context of Yu Hua's Avantgarde Novels%暴力与温情——试论余华的先锋小说



    余华是先锋小说的代表作家,他在20世纪90年代创作的小说依然是读者和文学批评家所津津乐道的对象。基于后现代话语支配下余华写作思路的起承转合,从消解人物和暴力叙述两个角度回顾了他在先锋小说创作时期对文本结构和内容的突破,并从暴力与温情的张力中彰显余华小说写作的当代魅力。%Yu Hua is a representative of Chinese Avantgarde Novel writers, whose novels published in 1990s are still heatedly talked about by readers and literary critics. This paper focuses on Yu Hua's writing thoughts influenced by the discourse of postmodernism. In Yu hua's new novel-writing period, he breaks through text structure and contents from the aspects of character digestion and violent narration, and also highlights his contemporary writing charm from the tension of violence and warmth.

  13. 从《医门法律》论喻昌重规范的医德思想%Discussion on Yu Chang′s Medical Moral Thoughts Characterized by Highlighting the Criterion Based on "Medical Laws"

    李占立; 赵群


    重规范是清代名医喻昌医德思想的重要特征。喻昌在继承传统医德思想的基础上在其医学著作《医门法律》中援“佛”入“医”借鉴佛教的戒律思想进一步阐述了他的“以律戒医”的医德规范。分析了喻昌在《医门法律》中提出的“慎”“精”“诚”以及“求真”等具体的医德规范或要求,并指出了喻昌医德思想的基本特征及其意义。%Yu Chang,a famous doctor in Qing dynasty,puts a high value on criterion, which is the most impor-tant characteristic in his medical moral thoughts. Based on the traditional medical moral, Yu Chang quoted Buddha into medicine and further expounded the medical moral criterion ( restrain the doctors by laws) referring to Buddhist commandment. This article analyzed the detailed medical moral criterion and requirements of "carefulness","per-fection","honesty"and "pursuing the truth"that mentioned in Medical Laws. Furthermore, it pointed out the es-sential features and significance of Yu Chang′s medical moral thoughts.

  14. Variational Assimilation of GPS Precipitable Water Vapor and Hourly Rainfall Observations for a Meso-β Scale Heavy Precipitation Event During the 2002 Mei-Yu Season

    ZHANG Meng; NI Yunqi; ZHANG Fuqing


    Recent advances in Global Positioning System (GPS) remote sensing technology allow for a direct estimation of the precipitable water vapor (PWV) from delayed signals transmitted by GPS satellites, which can be assimilated into numerical models with four-dimensional variational (4DVAR) data assimilation. A mesoscale model and its 4DVAR system are used to access the impacts of assimilating GPS-PWV and hourly rainfall observations on the short-range prediction of a heavy rainfall event on 20 June 2002. The heavy precipitation was induced by a sequence of meso-β-scale convective systems (MCS) along the mei-yu front in China.The experiments with GPS-PWV assimilation successfully simulated the evolution of the observed MCS cluster and also eliminated the erroneous rainfall systems found in the experiment without 4DVAR assimilation. Experiments with hourly rainfall assimilation performed similarly both on the prediction of MCS initiation and the elimination of erroneous systems, however the MCS dissipated much sooner than it did in observations. It is found that the assimilation-induced moisture perturbation and mesoscale low-level jet are helpful for the MCS generation and development. It is also discovered that spurious gravity waves may post serious limitations for the current 4DVAR algorithm, which would degrade the assimilation efficiency, especially for rainfall data. Sensitivity experiments with different observations, assimilation windows and observation weightings suggest that assimilating GPS-PWV can be quite effective, even with the assimilation window as short as 1 h. On the other hand, assimilating rainfall observations requires extreme cautions on the selection of observation weightings and the control of spurious gravity waves.

  15. To Discuss Three Kinds of Witchcraft about Yu in RiShu%秦简《日书》涉禹出行巫术考论



    The reason that Yu's some behaviors had been used by the Pre-Qin sorcerer as witchcraft in RiShu, first, had lied in Pre-Qin sorcerer to want to obtain Yu's authority by imitating his behavior; Next, Yu had played an important role in witchcraft history;%秦简《日书》涉禹出行巫术的产生,首先是由于禹在长期的行旅生涯中,立下了赫赫的功绩,确立了崇高的威望,故而先秦巫师在作法之时,意欲通过模仿禹的行为以获得禹所拥有的无上权威;其次禹既是一个伟大的君主,也是一个在巫术发展史上曾经起到过举足轻重作用的大巫,故巫师施展法术之时,视禹之巫术为正宗并效法之;第三,相信鬼神巫术、在先秦社会影响极大的显学墨家对禹倍加推崇,所以涉禹巫术自然也就会得到他们的信奉并宣扬。总之,由于以上三种原因,使禹的一些行为遂为先秦巫师所采纳,作为其解决与出行相关的问题时的重要巫术加以利用。此后

  16. 余华小说《第七天》中的生与死%Life and Death of Yu Hua’s Novel The Seventh Day



    The Seventh Day, for which Yu Hua spends seven years, is her latest novel after Brothers.The story tells a man’s experience and memories after his death and shows us a fair and harmonious world, which is different from the real one. Characters in the novel could face death rationally, without pain or fear. The meanings of life and death get reversed. The dead world gets close to the idealized real world, which attracts people to long for. Life and death are linked by love to enable people to feel the warmth. The novel is also criticized for superficiality in thought for an over-exposure of reality.%《第七天》描绘了主人公死去后所经历的事情以及勾起的回忆,为读者展现了一个不同于现实世界的平等、和谐的死亡世界。作品中的人物对死亡没有痛苦或恐惧,能够理性地看待死亡。生与死的意义被颠倒,死亡世界接近理想中的现实世界,更加吸引人们去向往。生与死由“爱”这条纽带联系起来,让人们在冰冷中感受到温情。这部小说也因为大量暴露现实而显得思想深度不足,出版后便备受争议。

  17. Life and Death of Yu Hua's Novel The Seventh Day%余华小说《第七天》中的生与死



    The Seventh Day is Yu Hua's latest novel,which was spent seven years to finish after the completion of Brothers. The story told us a man's experience and memories after his death and showed us a fair and harmonious dead world. The analysis of the view in the works includes following three aspects:The characters of the story didn't have feel-ings of pain or fear and could face death rationally;The meanings of life and death were upside down and the dead world was close to the real world,which attracted people a lot;Life and death were linked by love,which made people feel warm. The novel is thought - provoking and controversial because of the overly realistically exposure.%《第七天》是余华继《兄弟》七年之后完成的最新一部长篇小说,描绘了主人公死去后所经历的事情以及勾起的回忆,为读者展现了一个平等、和谐的死亡世界。经过分析,作品中的生死问题包括三个方面:作品中的人物对死亡没有痛苦或恐惧,能够理性地看待死亡;生与死的意义被颠倒,死亡世界接近理想中的现实世界,更加引人向往;生与死由“爱”这条纽带联系起来,让人们在冰冷中感受到温情。这部小说暴露了大量的社会现实,引人深思,也备受争议。

  18. Comparison of Aesthetic Tendency Between Han Yu and Baudelaire%韩愈与波德莱尔审美趋向之比较



    作为两个民族不同时代的杰出诗人,韩愈与波德莱尔相似的生活背景与经历使他们诗歌审美方面出现了不同程度的趋同。他们在文学创作上都大量运用“以丑为美”手法;都不约而同地打破散文与诗歌的界限,创作散文诗或者说是“以文为诗”。这绝非偶然,而是文学艺术创作规律作用的必然。这表明:在不同文化背景中存在某种精神层面上的共性,这种共性使不同文化之间的互相沟通有了现实可能性。%As brilliant poets of different nationalities in the different times, due to the similar living background and experience, Han Yu and Baudelaire have followed to various extents the convergence of poem aesthetics, with the writing skill of “Ugliness as Beauty”widely applied in literature creation. Both of them have broken the boundary of prose and poem, creating prose poem or “taking prose as poem”. It is the inevitable result of the role of literature and art creating rule. It shows that commonness of spirits exists in the different cultural background, which makes the mutual communication between the different cultures realistically possible.

  19. Conceptive Features of Han Yu and Meng Jiao Poetry Creation%韩孟诗派诗歌创作的构思特色



    学界对韩孟诗派诗歌创作特色的研究,都主要从诗派成员的创作心理层面探究其奇崛怪异的美学追求,对其诗歌创作的构思特色则少有专论。韩孟诗派诗歌创作以矫激的情绪对抗艰难的生存状况,诗歌构思险怪奇崛,主要表现在三个方面:其一是在立意构思上有意追求奇特超常、曲折多变,其二是在句式上有意追求构辞的散文化,其三是在用辞上有意追求造语生新、奇崛险怪的效果。%Academic studies on creative characteristics of Han Yu and Meng Jiao poetry were mostly from poets’creative psychology, exploring the pursuit of aesthetics of the peculiar and the weird, but rarely on the ideas and conceptive features of their poems. Han & Meng poetry’s creation used changing and powful stress of feeling against the tough living conditions. The odd and strange poetry style is mainly presented in the following three aspects: first, it intended to pursue in the lyrical concept of strange paranormal, meandering;Second, it intended to pursue at the sentence structure-speech prose;Third, it intended to pursue the creation of new words and the peculiar and dangerous effects on the terminology.

  20. Analgesic effect and mechanism of the three TCM-herbal drug-combination Tou Feng Yu pill on treatment of migraine.

    Li, Jia-chuan; Shen, Xiao-fei; Meng, Xian-li; Zhang, Yi; Lai, Xian-rong


    It is well known that pain is one of the most important characteristics of migraine. Therefore, it is important and interesting to investigate the analgesic effect and mechanism of drugs which are used to treat migraine. Tou Feng Yu pill (TFY) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, consisting of the three Chinese herbal drugs Radix Angelicae dahuricae (Baizhi), Rhizome Ligustici (Chuanxiong) and Folium Camelliae sinensis (green tea) for the treatment of migraine. In this study, we found that TFY could significantly reduce the writhing times induced by acetic acid and licking foot response induced by formalin, and extend the writhing latent period. But the analgesic effect was not observed at hot-plate test. Meanwhile, experimental migrainous model induced by nitroglycerin was used to investigate the therapeutic effect of TFY. Compared with the control group, the levels of plasma calcitonin gene related to peptide (CGRP), serum nitric oxide (NO) and contents of brain dopamine (DA) in TFY administration groups were significantly decreased, and the levels of plasma endothelin (ET) and contents of brain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) were remarkably increased, also the ratio of ET/NO was clearly corrected. Furthermore, the improving effect of behavior abnormality was observed in TFY administration rats. Meanwhile, isolated vascular ring test indicated that TFY had an significant effect on vasomotion, and antagonize vasospasm; moreover TFY also could increase cerebral blood flow (CBF) and reduce cerebrovascular resistance index (RI) in normal rabbits, which verified the effect of TFY on vasomotion and abnormal hemorheology. All the results indicate that TFY has an effective therapeutical action on migraine, which may be related to three aspects as following: firstly, adjusting the level of neurotransmitters, neuropeptides and vasoactive substances, relieving neurogenic inflammation; secondly, improving vasomotion, increase cerebral blood flow

  1. The Functional Study of a Chinese Herbal Compounded Antidepressant Medicine--Jie Yu Chu Fan Capsule on Chronic Unpredictable Mild Stress Mouse Model.

    Lingling Ding

    Full Text Available Jie Yu Chu Fan capsule (JYCF is a new compounded Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of depression. The present study was designed to explore the antidepressant effects and the possible mechanisms of JYCF by using chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS mouse model and comparing results to that of fluoxetine. Behavioral tests including an open field test, sucrose preference test and forced swim test were performed to evaluate the antidepressant effects of JYCF. The concentrations of monoamine neurotransmitters and metabolic products including norepinephrine (NE, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, dopamine (DA, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA, homovanillic acid (HVA and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus of mice were determined by means of high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (HPLC-EC. The results show that a successful mouse CUMS model was established through 5 weeks of continuous unpredictable stimulation, as indicated by the significant decrease in sucrose preference and locomotor activity and increase in immobility time in the forced swim test. Chronic treatment of JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg and fluoxetine (20 mg/kg significantly reversed the CUMS-induced behavioral abnormalities. JYCF (1.25, 2.5 and 5 g/kg significantly increased NE in CUMS mouse prefrontal cortex (P < 0.01, P < 0.01, P < 0.05 respectively and 5-HT in hippocampus (P < 0.05. In summary, our findings suggest that JYCF exerts comparable antidepressant-like effects to that of fluoxetine in CUMS mice. Besides, the antidepressant-like effect of JYCF is mediated by the increase of monoaminergic transmitters including 5-HT and NE.

  2. 时间和情欲--论鱼玄机的生命孤独%Time and Lust:Loneliness in the Life of Yu Xuanji



    鱼玄机自充任侍妾被弃之后,一生之中都在苦苦寻觅自己的感情寄托,但是终究无法获得眷顾。在时间的流转更替中,她越加觉得生命孤独无助,诗歌中关注了大量有关岁月流逝的意象,如春秋日夜等。本应过着枯寂的道观生活,但她却和诸多的世俗士子交往甚密,放荡不羁,纵情声色。其实,她二元相悖的生活正源于她苦苦追寻爱情而不得的生命孤独。她这样的生活状态成为了唐代社会开放、追求精神自由的一个有力注脚。%After being deserted as a concubine,Yu Xuanji had been seeking for an emotional sustenance bit-terly through her life,but she never got the favor all along.As time flew,she was more and more lonely and helpless.Her poems focused largely on images about fleeting time,such as the shift of spring and autumn, day and night and so on.She should have lived a dull and lonely life in the Taoist Temple,but she rubbed to-gether with many mundane scholars,dissolute and sensual.In fact,the extremes of her life originated from loneliness and the absence of love which she bitterly sought for.Her living situation thus became a powerful footnote which explained the open Tang Dynasty and people’s search for spiritual freedom.

  3. On Divination and Hexagram in the Age of Xia Yu%论夏禹时代的占卜易卦

    史东雨; 史善刚


    夏禹时代是尧(唐)舜(虞)禹(大)及夏王朝时代,其时大约为距今4300—3700年。此一时代,在考古学上谓之龙山文化后期和二里头文化时代。夏禹时代之占卜易卦,需要深入探讨的有两处:一个是陶寺遗址出土的朱书“文”字扁壶及其铭文中的占卜易卦;一个是二里头遗址中所发现的卜骨现象和数字符号。作为单个数字的出现,如舞阳贾湖出土的时为8000年前的一个“八”字,西安半坡遗址出现的6000年前的“╳”(五)字,仅可作为一层意思。到了陶寺遗址中出现的4000年前的“O一∧一”(日一六一),几个数字符号连用且又和文字符号并署,由此构成了一个完整的数字易卦。这一征象表明数字易卦作为完整的单卦,发展到此已树起了一座可资确证的里程碑。而到了二里头文化时代,则出现了一、二、三、∧(六)、十(七)、(八),即大多数的单个奇、偶数都出现了。这又一变化,不禁使人联想起由奇偶所组成的阴阳卦画,并可由此去探寻其卦画符号之渊源问题。%The Age of Xia Yu refers to the Yao ( Tang) , Shun ( Yu) and Yu ( Da) as well as the Xia Dynasty, when it was about 4300 - 3700 years ago. This age was archaeologically recorded as the time of the late Longshan Culture and Erlitou Culture. The de⁃mand for depth researches on the divination and hexagram at this stage falls on two aspects:one is the scarlet lettered flat Pot unearthed from the Taosi site and the divination and hexagram of its inscription;the other is oracle bone phenomenon and digit symbol discovered from the Erlitou Site. The appearances as a single number, such as “八”, used 8000 years ago with the meaning of eight, excavated from Jiahu in Wuyang County, and the symbol"╳", meaning five, used 6000 years ago and found in Xi′an Banpo should be one layer of historical significance. When it came

  4. 从《无声戏》看李渔悖谬性的叙事策略及其效果%On LiYu's Unreasoning Narrative Tactics and Its Narrative Effect in The Unvoiced Drama



    LiYu adopted absurd narrative tactics in The Unvoiced Drama,had The Unvoiced Drama produce the narrative effect of “new”、“strange” and reached the aim of making people feel “new” and “strange”,the main reason of which was that LiYu remarkably strengthened people's trust in these stories by the clever blending of the rationalized notion,the moralized feelings, the open teaching, the amusing narration and absurd plots;at the same time,the absurd narrative tactics powerfully reduced the understandability about these stories;the others exerting their functions,too.That LiYu adopted absurd narrative tactics in The Unvoiced Drama was a useful practice of the theory that the literature must create something new.%李渔在《无声戏》中采取了悖谬性的叙事策略,使《无声戏》产生了“新”、“奇”的叙事效果,达到了新人耳目的叙事目的。其主要原因是李渔通过观念理性化、感情道德化、训谕明示化、叙事娱乐化和情节悖谬化的巧妙融合,显著地增强了人们对故事的信任感;同时,悖谬性叙事策略也有力地降低了故事的可理解性;其它叙事因素也发挥了积极的作用。李渔在《无声戏》中采取的悖谬性叙事策略是他文学创新思想的一次有益的实践。

  5. Shen-Qi-Jie-Yu-Fang exerts effects on a rat model of postpartum depression by regulating inflammatory cytokines and CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells

    Li JY


    Full Text Available Jingya Li,1,* Ruizhen Zhao,1,* Xiaoli Li,1 Wenjun Sun,1 Miao Qu,1 Qisheng Tang,1 Xinke Yang,1 Shujing Zhang2 1Third Affiliated Hospital, 2School of Basic Medical Sciences, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Shen-Qi-Jie-Yu-Fang (SJF is composed of eight Chinese medicinal herbs. It is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for treating postpartum depression (PPD. Previous studies have shown that SJF treats PPD through the neuroendocrine mechanism. Aim: To further investigate the effect of SJF on the immune system, including the inflammatory response system and CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg cells. Materials and methods: Sprague Dawley rats were used to create an animal model of PPD by inducing hormone-simulated pregnancy followed by hormone withdrawal. After hormone withdrawal, the PPD rats were treated with SJF or fluoxetine for 1, 2, and 4 weeks. Levels of Treg cells in peripheral blood were measured by flow cytometry analysis. Serum interleukin (IL-1β and IL-6 were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and gene and protein expressions of IL-1RI, IL-6Rα, and gp130 in the hippocampus were observed by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and Western blot. Results: Serum IL-1β in PPD rats increased at 2 weeks and declined from then on, while serum IL-6 increased at 1, 2, and 4 weeks. Both IL-1β and IL-6 were downregulated by SJF and fluoxetine. Changes in gene and protein expressions of IL-1RI and gp130 in PPD rats were consistent with changes in serum IL-1β, and were able to be regulated by SJF and fluoxetine. The levels of Treg cells were negatively correlated with serum IL-1β and IL-6, and were decreased in PPD rats. The levels of Treg cells were increased by SJF and fluoxetine. Conclusion: Dysfunction of proinflammatory cytokines and Tregs in different stages of PPD was attenuated by SJF and fluoxetine through

  6. 俞樟华的学术探索与创新之路%Professor Yu Zhanghua’ s Exploration and Innovation of Academic Career



    Professor Yu Zhanghua’ s academic career, from the research of Historical Records, to the research of biographical literature, to the research of academic history, is an exploration and innovation road. In the field of research on Historical Records, his Historical Records Research Data Indexing and Papers Monographs Abstract and Research History of Historical Records have the properties of integrated. Historical Records New Discussion and On Historical Records’ Art and a series work on Historical Records ac⁃ceptance history showed innovation. In the research field of biographical literature, Research of China Biography Literature Theory and The Study of Ancient Miscellaneous Biography and Analects of Biographical Literature and Research on Qing Dynasty Biography and On the Authenticity of Ancient Biography also reflect his creative spirit. In the field of research on academic history, Annals of Wang Xue and Annals of Tongcheng School and Annals of Chinese Academic and Xin Hai Log as the representative, these works re⁃flected on the persistence and transcendence of the former two.%俞樟华教授的学术之路,从《史记》研究到传记文学研究再到学术史研究,是一条探索与创新之路。《史记》研究领域,其《史记研究资料索引和论文专著提要》《史记研究史略》具有集大成的性质,《史记新探》《史记艺术论》及系列《史记》接受史等论著则凸显了创新性;传记研究领域,《中国传记文学理论研究》《古代杂传研究》《传记文学谈薮》《清代传记研究》《古代传记真实论》等体现了其创新的精神;学术史研究,以《王学编年》《桐城派编年》《中国学术编年》《辛亥日志》为代表,体现了对前两者的坚守与超越。

  7. The Research on ZHAO Huai-yu about Ancestors of Poetry%家声我敢负高曾--赵怀玉述祖诗文研究

    蓝士英; 王文荣


    ZHAO Huai-yu was a famous scholar in Qing Dynasty. He was considered as one of the seven Piling poets and focused on the poetry of classical Chinese words. Five Handwriting Sequence is a long article about the morality of his ancestors. According to the lines, we can feel the kind heart of transferring the ancestors’good deeds and characters. In addition, he also has a certain number of poetry about his progenitors. Through those po-etry, we could find the power of his glory and pride, the defence and uplift. At the same time, there are lingering stress and anxiety. His poetry of progenitors offers a variety of view. According to the literary point of view, it is necessary to concentrate on the origin and evolution. From the angle of history, the relationship between family history and the official history was fascinating. Last but not least, from the angle of sociology, readers can think deeply about the relationship between the individual and the whole family.%赵怀玉,清代著名文人,“毗陵七子”之一,工诗古文词。《五世手迹跋》是其缕述祖德的一篇长文,字里行间,跃动着欲传先祖懿德嘉行之拳拳之心。赵怀玉另有一定数量的述祖诗文,于中可见其对待先祖的荣光与骄傲、守护与振拔的动力,还有挥之不去的压力与焦虑。其述祖诗文,提供了多种考察角度,从文学的角度看,其渊源流变值得关注;从历史的角度,家族私史与官史的关系颇堪玩味;从社会学的角度,可思考个体与家族的关系。

  8. 于艳茹诉北京大学案的法律评析%Legal Analysis on Yu Yanru vs. Peking University

    湛中乐; 王春蕾


    The ‘Yu Yanru Case’ is the first administrative litigation in China regarding the revocation of a doctor degree due to the plagiarism of a thesis.The legality of the revocation decision shall be analyzed and evaluated coordinated with the basic theory of education administrative law and the fact of this case. The main issues in this case include the legal basis of the revocation of a degree,whether such plagiarized thesis constitutes a key condition of the revocation decision of a doctor degree or not, the difference between fraud and plagiarism, the legality of the proceeding regarding such revocation decision, and the remedy of both parties in this case. Finally, for the purpose of plagiarism regulation, it is suggested to build up a kind of academic review rules obeying to the cognitive rationality in addition to pure judicial review proceedings.%“于艳茹案”是我国首个因论文抄袭导致博士学位撤销的行政诉讼案件。撤销于艳茹博士学位决定的合法性,必须结合教育行政法治的基本原理并结合案件事实予以评析。本案中的主要问题有:学位撤销的法律依据;这篇涉嫌抄袭的论文是否构成博士学位撤销的要件;“舞弊作伪”与“抄袭、剽窃”的区分;博士学位撤销的程序合法性;以及当事人权利救济。对抄袭剽窃行为的治理,除司法审查外,还应当建立一种回归知识理性的学术评审规范。

  9. Unique Mechanisms of Sheng Yu Decoction (聖愈湯 Shèng Yù Tang on Ischemic Stroke Mice Revealed by an Integrated Neurofunctional and Transcriptome Analysis

    Yu-Chang Hou


    Full Text Available Sheng Yu Decoction (聖愈湯 Shèng Yù Tang; SYD is a popular traditional Chinese medicine (TCM remedy used in treating cardiovascular and brain-related dysfunction clinically; yet, its neuroprotective mechanisms are still unclear. Here, mice were subjected to an acute ischemic stroke to examine the efficacy and mechanisms of action of SYD by an integrated neurofunctional and transcriptome analysis. More than 80% of the mice died within 2 days after ischemic stroke with vehicle treatment. Treatments with SYD (1.0 g/kg, twice daily, orally or p.o. and recombinant thrombolytic tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA; 10 mg/kg, once daily, intravenously or i.v. both significantly extended the lifespan as compared to that of the vehicle-treated stroke group. SYD successfully restored brain function, ameliorated cerebral infarction and oxidative stress, and significantly improved neurological deficits in mice with stroke. Molecular impact of SYD by a genome-wide transcriptome analysis using brains from stroke mice showed a total of 162 out of 2081 ischemia-induced probe sets were significantly influenced by SYD. Mining the functional modules and genetic networks of these 162 genes revealed a significant upregulation of neuroprotective genes in Wnt receptor signaling pathway (3 genes and regulation of cell communication (7 genes and downregulation of destructive genes in response to stress (13 genes and in the induction of inflammation (5 genes, cytokine production (4 genes, angiogenesis (3 genes, vasculature (6 genes and blood vessel (5 genes development, wound healing (7 genes, defense response (7 genes, chemotaxis (4 genes, immune response (7 genes, antigen processing and presenting (3 genes, and leukocyte-mediated cytotoxicity (2 genes by SYD. Our results suggest that SYD could protect mice against ischemic stroke primarily through significantly downregulating the damaging genes involved in stress, inflammation, angiogenesis, blood vessel

  10. 九尾白狐与禹娶涂山女神话%Mythology of Nine Tailed White Fox and the Marriage between Yu and the Lady from Tushan



    The History of Wu and Yue written by ZHAO Ye recorded the famous myth of Yu marrying the lady from Tushan. However, when some books,such as Shu Chao, Lei Ju, Yu Lan, and so on, quote this myth, part of their items may be noted Spring and Autumn by LV. As a result, scholars from both ancient and modern times always annotate Spring and Autumn by LV as the place where the myth comes from, which is cer-tainly false. The mystical part of this myth is the Nine Tailed White Fox. During the Warring States Period, the Nine Tailed White Fox was regarded as the mascot of Shang Dynasty rising with gold. It had nothing to do with Yu Dynasty that grew up with wood. Later on, people took the Nine Tailed White Fox as a symbol of Yu�s ris-ing. People lived in Han Dynasty connected the Nine Tailed White Fox with the marriage between Yu and the lady from Tushan, which transformed a historical legend into a romantic myth. Therefore, we should correct two misunderstandings about this mythology, which turns to be an example of making history mythical.%赵晔《吴越春秋》记载了著名的禹娶涂山女神话。但《书钞》、《类聚》、《御览》等类书引此神话时,部分条目注出《吕氏春秋》,故古今有学者据此认为这是该书佚文,这是错误的。禹娶涂山女神话神秘怪诞之处在于九尾白狐意象。战国时期,九尾白狐被认为是以金德王天下的商汤兴起之瑞,与以木德王天下的禹无关。汉儒根据五行相生说改造古史系统,以禹为金德,九尾白狐遂成禹兴之瑞。汉人将九尾白狐意象纳入禹与涂山女的婚姻故事,一段近实的历史传说蜕变为一则浪漫的神话。禹娶涂山女神话是历史神话化的一个实例。

  11. 周玉艳主任医师治疗难治性周围性面瘫经验初探%Experience of Doctor ZHOU YU-yan to Treat Peripheral Facial Paralysis

    张彩荣; 陈朝明; 李静


    This article summarized famous doctor Zhou Yu-yan' s clinical experience in the treatment of Refractory facial paralysis, who pointed out the differentiation is different root excessive superficial. Mr. Zhou especially pays attention to adjust immunity and manipulation of acupuucture.%总结了名老中医周玉艳主任治疗难治性周围性面瘫的临床经验,指出难治性面瘫为本虚标实症,周主任临床上治疗上重调节免疫及针刺补泻手法,讲究治调并济.

  12. Effects of SongYuAnShenFang on Serum Cytokines Levels of Sleep Dep-rivation Rats%松郁安神方对睡眠剥夺大鼠血清细胞因子的影响

    李星; 黄俊山; 张一帆; 曾雪爱; 张娅


    OBJECTIVE To observe the effects of SongYuAnShenFang on serum cytokines levels of sleep depri-vation rats.METHODS The sleep deprivation in rats model was constructed with the method called “modified mul-tiple platform method”.Comparions were housed either in normal cages or in tanks with large platforms.After the treatment of SongYuAnShenFang in Sleep Deprivation Rats ,serum levels of IL-1β、TNF-αwere measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.RESULTS Significant differences in serum level of TNF-αwere observed between SongYuAnShenFang group and REM sleep deprivation group ( P0.05 ).CONCLUSION SongYuAnShenFang in improving sleep quality may be based on its regulation of serum level of TNF-α,then adjust the excessive body metabolism caused by sleep depriveation.%目的:观察松郁安神方对睡眠剥夺大鼠血清细胞因子的影响,进一步探讨松郁安神方调节睡眠的机制。方法采用“改良多平台睡眠剥夺法”构建睡眠剥夺大鼠模型,以正常笼养及大平台作为对照组,采用酶联免疫吸附法测定睡眠剥夺大鼠经松郁安神方治疗后,血清细胞因子IL-1β、TNF-α水平的变化。结果松郁安神方组血清TNF-α高于REM睡眠剥夺组(P<0.05);松郁安神方组血清IL-1β较正常对照组、大平台环境对照组及REM睡眠剥夺组无显著性差异(P>0.05)。结论松郁安神方可能通过调节血清细胞因子TNF-α的含量从而调节睡眠,且通过对睡眠剥夺大鼠睡眠的调节继而改善睡眠剥夺所致机体的过度能量代谢。

  13. 文化漫游与精神家园——当代中国文化散文的公共语境 (Cultural Tours and the Spiritual Home: On Yu Qiuyu and Contemporary Chinese Cultural Essays

    Yi Zheng


    Full Text Available The essay explores the public social dimension of the “great cultural essays” as a popular post-socialist genre. It looks into the genre’s emergence and popularity as part of the making of a middleclass taste in contemporary China and its claim to a re-imagined cultural national inheritance. In particular, the discussion focuses on the example of essayist Yu Qiuyu and examines the implications of his successful transformation of an obsolete historical “Culture” into a desirable commodity that offers spiritual home to the aspiring and successful of a “Greater China”.

  14. To Look For Human Literature: Lin Yu-tang' s Views on Biographical Literature%寻求人的文学:论林语堂的传记文学观



    Biographical literature has actractted the attention of Lin Yu-tang. He not only wrote a few autobiographies and celebrity biographies,but also introduced many excellent works. Studying ancient literature, Lin Yu-tang found natural humanity and happy life. He expressed the idea about the development of Chinese modern biographical literature.%林语堂特别关注传记文学的创作,在不同时期都写有自传,并创作了几部重要的人物传记,且对中外优秀的传记作品大加推介. 在考察中国古代传记文学时,林语堂从现代个体意识出发,发现了自然人性的流露和生命愉悦的存在. 在这样的发现里,他表达了对中国现代传记文学发展的构想:尊重人性的自然流露,在日常俗世中追求超越性,实现审美文化人格的建构.

  15. The Relationship of Yu Dafu's "Trouble of Sex" and "Creation of ChenLun"%论郁达夫“性的苦闷”与《沉沦》的创作



    Trouble of Sex "is considered one of the most important character in Yu Dafu's autobiographical fiction,from Qian Xingcun put forward in 1928 for the first time," Trouble of Sex " was used by the later researchers constantly." the creation of ChenLun and Yu Dafu' trouble of sex when he studyed in Japan have a close relationship actually.%"性的苦闷"被认为是郁达夫自传体小说的一个重要特征,从钱杏邨1928年评论《沉沦》时首次提出开始,"性的苦闷"便被后来的研究者们不厌其烦的使用。《沉沦》是的创作,也确实与郁达夫留学日本时遭遇的"性的苦闷"有着密切的关系。

  16. The Influence of Painting Theory of the Six Dynasties on Yu Xin’ Early Creation%六朝画论对庾信前期诗歌创作的影响



    Generally speaking, Yu Xin’s early creation didn’t break away from the style of imperial court but refreshingly lucid style could be seen everywhere in his poems. Under the influence of Poets Xiao Gang and Xiao Yi, who advocated to reform writing mode, Yu Xin used painting theory in the Six Dynasties for reference. He successfully combined the painting skill with art principle in his poems and created beautiful and refreshing poetic flavor. His many new art skills and writing methods provided useful reference to the development of poetry creation in the Tang Dynasty.%庾信前期作品,虽说总体上不脱离宫体的窠臼,但清新之作随处可见。在萧氏兄弟力主革新的文风影响下,诗人借鉴六朝绘画理论,把画学的原则和技巧用之于诗,创造出绮丽、清新的诗境,并由此形成了许多新鲜的艺术技巧和手法,为唐代诗歌的发展提供了许多有益的借鉴。

  17. 韩愈《顺宗实录》的史传文学价值%On History Biography Value of "Shun Emperor Cases of Record" by Han Yu



    Han Yu applied history-pen to the writing of "Shun cases of Record" with the spirit of the "Record",recording all the corruption cases about people and things of Shun Dynasty.This book Biographies for the crafty and fawning violent person,also for the Tadao Zhijian.Recording of events must be Careful Exceedingly.The whole story will be traced back to the narrative of the issue,and one view,with details of his life."Shun cases of Record",although not fully demonstrating the history only of Han Yu,it's value of historical literature should be affirmed.%韩愈兼善史笔,本"实录"之精神修撰《顺宗实录》,记载顺宗朝种种腐败的人和事,既为奸佞暴戾之人,亦为忠勇直谏之士立传;记事书法,必无所苟;一事之叙,必溯原委;一人之见,具详生平。《顺宗实录》虽没有充分展现韩愈的史才,但其史传文学的价值值得肯定。

  18. Collation on Shen Quanqi’s Yao Tongdu’s Five Passages of Yu Ling%沈佺期《遥同杜五过庾岭》考校



    There were as many as 16 variants in Shen Quanqi ’s poem collection Yao Tongdu ’s Five Pas-sages of Yu Ling. Through a collation with “An Anthology of Tang Poems”, “the entire Tang poem”, the poems titles should be combined into “With Five Other Members Outside the Instance Du Yu Ling”. “Luopu scenery to jaw joint like nothing Chongshan Dan disease unbearable smell” has been regarded as the best; the neck joint word “Kite” is inferior to the word “man”; and the tail stock “Jiangshan”is superior to the word “spring”.%沈佺期《遥同杜五过庾岭》,异文多达16处。经与《唐诗别裁集》、《全唐诗》比勘校释,诗题应合为《遥同杜五员外审言过庾岭》。颔联似以“洛浦风光何所似?崇山瘅疫不堪闻”为佳;颈联出句中“鸢”字不若“人”字;尾联“江山”一词胜于“春风”一词。

  19. Qualitative screening of absorbed indoloquinazoline alkaloids and their metabolites in rat plasma after the oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction by high-resolution mass spectrometry with multiple data mining algorithms.

    Xu, Huarong; Geng, Yajing; Liu, Ran; Yuan, Ziyue; Liu, Xujia; Li, Qing; Bi, Kaishun


    A rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography with high-resolution mass spectrometry method with multiple data processing algorithms was developed and applied for the metabolite profiling of evodiamine and its analogous alkaloids in rat plasma after the administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction. All samples were purified using hydrophilic-lipophilic balanced solid-phase extraction cartridges and analyzed by a Sciex TripleTOF 5600(+) mass spectrometer with a 35 min liquid chromatography gradient elution. High-resolution full-scan mass spectrometry and information-dependent acquisition tandem mass spectrometry data were analyzed using multiple data processing approaches. The results indicated that the detected eight prototype alkaloids could be metabolized to 58 metabolites through both phase I and phase II reactions. Oxidation was demonstrated to be the principle metabolic pathway of the parent compounds. The study contributes to the understanding of the absorption and metabolism of the alkaloids in Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction and provides a detailed analysis of scientific data. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  20. Microstructural characterization of the stabilized fluorite phases formed in the Ca 1- yLa yU 2O 6+ x (0 ≤ y ≤ 0.8) system

    Gómez-Rebollo, E.; Herrero, P.; Rojas, R. M.


    The thermal behaviour and stability of the fluorite structure in the Ca 1- yLa yU 2O 6+ x (0 ≤ y ≤ 0.8) system during ageing have been studied by thermal analysis and X-ray powder diffraction. When the amount of La 3+ incorporated into the Ca 1- yLa yU 2O 6+ x structure is ≥ 0.6 the complete stabilization of the fluorite phase is achieved. This phase remains stable over the temperature range from room temperature-1400°C even after being submitted to long term give time. For lower amounts of La 3+ a mixture of cubic fluorite and calcium lanthanum diuranate solid solution is obtained on annealing. The microstructural characterization carried out by electron diffraction and high resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals short range order for the high temperature quenched materials. Annealing of the oxides leads to the formation of ordered nanodomains embedded within the fluorite matrix, but no ordered single phase is isolated. A hexagonal cell of a H = 3.8 and c H = 18.8 Å has been deduced for the domains.

  1. 再论杨荫榆与女师大风潮%Rethinking on Yang Yin-yu and Agitation in Peking National Teachers College for Women



    The great attention to the agitation in Peking National Teachers College for Women is relat-ed to the influence of Lu Xun.Previous investigation regarding the agitation no matter in terms of descrip-tion or comments has been at Lu’s standpoint,but leaving little space for Yang Yin-yu to have a say. While making comments on historical people,it is important to trace back to the historical process and con-sider more the multiple sides and complexity of human nature.Yang was the best choice as the college president given her knowledge and experience.Since the start of the agitation,Yang had been in an oppo-site position to the student autonomy committee of the college.Not until Yang fired six staff of the com-mittee including Xu Guang-ping etc.,out stepped teachers like Lu to support students publically.They portrayed Yang as one who was ignorant and reactionary and the agitation became a focus of the education field.Yang dealt with the agitation in a relatively harsh manner,even leading military police to keep students on campus.This made the students become the advantaged side and Yang had to resign.%杨荫榆与女师大风潮一直能受到特别的关注,与鲁迅本身的影响力有关。以往对此的考察,无论是对事件的描述还是评价,大都只站在鲁迅的立场,而未给杨荫榆一方以同等的发言机会。对历史人物的评价,重要的是回到历史过程中去,更多考虑到人性本身的多面和复杂性。杨荫榆无论在学识、资历、经验都可称得上是担任女校校长的绝佳人选。风潮开始后,杨与女师大学生自治会的对决,一直处于僵持状态。在开除包括许广平在内的六名自治会干事之后,鲁迅等多位教师才站出来公开支持学生,并将杨塑造为不学无术、反动落后的形象,女师大风潮逐渐成为教育界关注焦点。杨为了化解风潮,采取了相对决绝的方式,甚至带领军警入校执行封校命令,使学

  2. Clinical research on treating Xiaoke Yinxu Zaore plus Yu syndrome with the Xiaoke Ping decoction%消渴平汤治疗消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证的临床研究



    Objective: To investigate clinical effects of the Xiaoke Ping decoction on Xiaoke Yinxu Zaore plus Yu syndrome. Methods: 40 patients with Xiaoke Yinxu Zaore plus Yu syndrome were randomly divided to the observation group and the control group, 20 cases for each group. The control group received biguanide sustained-release tablets. The observation group received the Xiaoke Ping decoction. 4 weeks for a course. During the treatment, clinical efficacy in two groups were observed. Results: The clinical symptoms in two groups were improved. The main symptoms, signs, physical and chemical inspection in the observation group were better than that in the control group. The total efficiency in the treatment group was higher. Conclusion: The Xiaoke Ping decoction was effective on Xiaoke Yinxu Zaore plus Yu syndrome, and worthy of promotion.%目的:分析消渴平汤对消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证的治疗效果。方法:收集40例消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证患者,随机分为观察组和对照组,每组各20例。对照组患者使用口服盐酸二甲双胍缓释片进行治疗,观察组患者口服消渴平汤进行治疗,4周为一个疗程,在治疗过程中观察患者的治疗效果。结果:两组患者的临床症状均有好转,但是观察组患者在主要症状、患者体征以及理化检查方面比对照组患者明显要好,同时观察组患者的总有效率也明显比对照组患者要高。结论:在对消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证患者治疗的过程中,使用消渴平汤能够更好的对患者进行治疗,同时治疗效果以及治疗总有效率也明显比使用传统盐酸二甲双胍缓释片进行治疗的患者高,在实际对消渴阴虚燥热兼瘀证患者治疗的过程中值得推广应用。

  3. 基于二项检验的庾信五言诗篇调四声研究%On the Tonal Pattern of Yu Xin's Pentasyllabic Poems Based on Binomial Test



    This article divides Yu Xin's pentasyllabic -poems into 16 categories according to how many lines are there in one poem.All the calculation methods and approximate methods of the Binomial Test are used in this article.When observed the different -tone -positions within one five -character -sentence throughout one poem, it finds that 2&4 position is the most significant different -tone-position, 3&5 takes the second place.Observed the poem lines, 2&5 position is one of the most important different -tone-positions for Yu Xin; but observed from the whole poem, 2&5 position doesn't show any significance.When creating a penta-syllabic -poem,Yu Xin paid greatest attention to 2&4 position, trying to make the second and the fourth character of every poem line different.He also tended to make the third and fifth character of every poem line different in his long five -character-poems.%文章将庾信五言诗按照句联数划分为16类,运用二项检验的计算方法和近似方法,得出结论:从通篇调四声的角度观察庾信五言诗句内调四声情况,2&4位置是显著性最强的调四声位置,3&5位置次之;从诗句观察,2&5位置是庾信最重视的调四声位置之一,但从诗篇观察则不是;“五言诗通篇在2&4位置调四声”是庾信创作五言诗时最为讲究的一种“格律”;庾信还倾向于使篇幅较长的五言诗的第三字和第五字声调不同。

  4. 余嘉锡《四库提要辨证·神僧传》考证辨析%Yu Jiaxiˊs Textual Criticism and Discrimination on God Monk Biography of Four Abstract Dialectics

    元文广; 靳利翠


    余嘉锡所著《四库提要辨证》是对《四库全书总目》研究的重要成果.此书对《四库总目》中的 490余篇提要进行了辨证,提出不少宝贵意见,但也存在一些可以进一步讨论的问题.仅就《四库提要辨证·神僧传》条的考证思路、论据等进行讨论,认为余嘉锡先生从目录学角度讨论《神僧传》的撰者问题,其论述过程不够严谨,所提供论据存在问题,不能直接指向结论,因此,所得结论很难令人信服.从《神僧传》版本源流角度入手,用直接论据使《神僧传》撰者问题更加明确、所得结论《神僧传》为明成祖所撰集更具说服力.%Four Abstract Dialecticswritten by Yu Jiaxi is one important result of the research on 〞Four Abstract Dialectics〞. In this book,Yu made dialectical research on490 articles in General Catalogue of Si Ku QuanShu,presenting some valuable suggestions. However,there are some problems which need further discus-sion . The dialectical thought train and grounds of argument for God Monk Biography of Four Abstract Dialectics are one example that needs further discussion. Since he studied the author from the angle of its catalogue,Yuˊs argument process of Biography of God Monk was not precise,and grounds of argument he offered could not reach the conclusion,so his conclusion was unconvincing. If the study starts with the version source of Biogra-phy of God Monk,makes the author of God Monk Biography more clear with direct grounds,and thus reach a more persuasive conclusion that Biography of God Monk was written by Emperor Cheng Zu in Ming Dynasty.

  5. 安徽省蚌埠余家皮影戏的造型艺术考略%Research on the Art of Puppet Figure Design of Yu Family Shadow Play in Bengbu of Anhui

    宋蔚; 王倩


    Shadow play ’ s history and the evolution of shadow puppet are a synchronous process of develop -ment.Generations of artists gradually developed a set of convention and characteristics of creating puppet figures . Over a hundred odd years of inheriting and adjusting , carrying on the opera culture ’ s tradition of distinguishing the good and evil characters with different designs of puppet figures , as well as folk artists ’ aesthetic notions and styles of folk fine arts, Yu Family Shadow Play has developed a full set of formulaic puppet figure artistic models and graphic patterns , which are not the creation of a single individual , but a artistic convention passed on , developed and perfected by three generations of artists .Yu Family Shadow Play reflects substantially folk artists ’ figure desig-ning style where concrete life experiences and abstract notions are mingled together , vividly representing the history of Yu Family Shadow play ’ s development over a hundred odd years .%影偶的造型与影戏的演变历史是一个同步发展的过程。历代艺人通过不断的经验积累,受寺庙雕塑、壁画和戏剧的影响,吸收小说中人物的描写,逐步形成了一整套适用于影戏的造型规律和特征。在历经百余年的传承与腾挪变化后,蚌埠余家皮影戏除沿袭戏曲文化中对忠奸、正邪角色寓褒贬、别善恶于其上的造型传统外,糅合艺人的审美理念和民间美术等诸多元素,形成了一整套程式化的造型谱式和图案纹样,这种谱式并非某个人的独创,而是历经了三代艺人的学习、积累和创造逐渐完善定型的艺术程式。它质朴生动地折射出民间艺人集具象的生活经验和意象的审美理念于一体的造型艺术特征,生动地折射出蚌埠余家皮影戏百余年来的发展历程。

  6. 《奎章政要》真伪及虞、揭关系辨析%The Authenticity of Kuizhang Zheng Yao and the Relationship between Yu Ji and Jie Xisi



      揭斯著《奎章政要》一书的说法,最早见于元末陶宗仪《辍耕录》“奎章政要”条。根据与揭斯同时的欧阳玄为揭斯写的墓志铭、黄蟳为揭斯写的神道碑可以确定,《奎章政要》是讹窜揭斯的《太平政要》所致。“奎章政要”条的描述逻辑乖谬,基本是杜撰,这与元季人士对虞集、揭斯才华的估定以及对他们的熟稔程度有关。人们以揭斯在《范先生诗序》中所提供的虞集关于“元诗四家”的诗评为导火索,对虞、揭关系的解读逐渐偏离事实,引发出许多讹谬。%The earliest mention of Jie Xisi's writing of the book Kuizhang Zheng Yao(《奎章政要》) can be found in Tao Zong yi's Chuo Geng Lu(《辍耕录》). From Jie's epitaph written by his contem-porary Ouyang Xuan and the inscriptions on his tombstone written by Huang Jin,we can conclude that Kuizhang Zheng Yao was actually Jie's Taiping Zheng Yao(《太平政要》). That is to say,the entry of Jie's Kuizhang Zheng Yao in Chuo Geng Lu was invented by its author Tao Zongyi,which is against the fact and logic. Tao's invention is due to the fact that scholars in the late Yuan Dynasty misinterpreted the talents of and the relationship between Yu Ji and Jie Xisi,which gave rise to many misleading ac-counts in that regard. Their interpretation of the relationship between Yu and Jie is based on the shaky foundation of their misunderstanding of Jie's review of Yu's poems in Fanxiansheng Shi Xu(《范先生诗序》).


    Tahir AŞİROV


    Full Text Available Tasavvuf meşrepli Türkmen şairi ve düşünürü Mahtumkulu’yu anlamak ve anlatmak, tarihî süreç içinde değişik zamanlarda ayrı ayrı ilim adamları tarafından istenmiştir. Bu bilimsel edim genel olarak iki yönden ele alınabilir. Bunların birincisi sufi şairin şiirlerinin yazmalarının doğru okunup belirlenmesi, diğeri ise anlamlarının bilinmesidir. Bunlar gerçekten de sorgulanması gereken konulardır. Kısacası birincisi anlamlar ya da kavramları oluşturucu kültürel birikimlerin yansıması olan yapıtın veya şiirin yayımlanmasıyla, diğeri ise şairin kelimelere yüklediği anlam ilgilidir. Şaire ait şiirlerin incelenerek yayımlanması şiir külliyatını anlamanın bir yönünü oluşturuyorsa, o günün sosyal – düşünce yapısının bilmek ise diğer tamamlayıcı tarafını oluşturduğu söylenebilir. Bu konu doğru yapıldığında veya anlamlandırıldığında XVIII. yüzyılın Türkmen bilinç ve düşünce yapısını belirlenmesinde olumlu etkisi olacaktır. Bu demektir ki, aklı önemseyen irfan ehlinden olan Türkmenlerin XVIII. yüzyıldaki bilinç ve düşünce yapısını bilmekle olumlu yaklaşım olabilir. Şairin şiirlerinin yayımlanması ve anlamlandırılması veya içeriği konusunda yol gösterici olan, diğer bir ifade ile bunu gerçekleştirmeye canı gönülden çalışan Ahmet Zeki Velidi Togan’ın yazılarını irdeleyerek belirlemeye çalışacağız. Togan’ın kültürel ortam ve olanakları kullanarak kendisinden önce ve zamanesindeki Mahtumkulu’nun şiirlerinin neşri ve şair hakkındaki betimlemeleri eleştirel değerlendirmelerine geniş yer verilecektir ve başvurulacaktır. Bununla beraber Togan Mahtumkulu’nun şiirlerini kapsamlı olarak ilk defa Orenburg’da 1913 senesinde Şura mecmuasının 12.-17. sayılarında yayımlanması ve şairi “Mahtumkulu’nun şiirleri dinî olmakla beraber “meşrep” veya “Ahmed Yesevi” gibi halis tasavvuf

  8. 格理论指导下的《项羽本纪》兼语式%Analysis on Pivotal Structure in Biographic Sketches of Emperor Xiang Yu under the Guidance of Case Theory

    马王储; 王显志


    兼语式是汉语特有的一种结构形式,《项羽本纪》采用大量兼语式式,其文学语言具有很高的艺术价值和研究价值。乔姆斯基提出的普遍语法格理论为兼语式名称、范围、存废问题的研究提供了理论依据。%Pivotal structure is a special kind of sentence structure in Chinese language ,it adapted many piv‐otal sentence structure in Biographic Sketches of Emperor Xiang Yu ,which is of high aesthetic and re‐search value .The Case theory provides theoretical basis for the discussion of pivotal structure .

  9. Problemas y métodos para la enseñanza del inglés como segunda lengua a los hablantes del mek-a-tel-yu en la provincia de Limón

    Wright M, Fernando


    En este estudio presentaré un esbozo descriptivo del inglés criollo conocido como mek-a-tél-yu (M) que se habla en la provincia de Limón. Mencionaré algunos de los obstáculos que el hablante de esta lengua encuentra en el aprendizaje del inglés normativo que se enseña a nivel de secundaria en Costa Rica y sugeriré métodos y técnicas que el educador podría implementar para mejorar la enseñanza del inglés. 

  10. 降成本增效益在峪耳崖矿业公司的应用%Application of decreasing cost and increasing benefit principle in Yu'erya mining company

    范秀凤; 张晓春


    成本管理是企业管理的重中之重。加强基础管理,千方百计降低成本成了矿业公司内部完成利润指标的法宝。阐述了峪耳崖矿业公司近几年的成本管理体系和标准化成本管理的基本思路,提出生产成本控制措施。%Cost management is the vital part of the overall management of an enterprise .Enhancing basic manage-ment and lowering costs has become the key for companies to fulfill internally expected profits .The paper states funda-mental ideas Yu'erya company adopts for cost management system and normalizing its cost management ,and put for-ward measures to control production costs .

  11. Functional Mechanism of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan in Resisting Menalgia No. 4 Hospital of Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province%少腹逐瘀丸抗痛经作用机制研究

    贺克; 刘姣; 李清


    目的:观察少腹逐瘀丸对缩宫素诱发小鼠痛经的镇痛作用及作用机制.方法:取KM小鼠50只,随机分为空白对照组、模型组、丹莪妇康煎膏组、少腹逐瘀丸高剂量组及低剂量组.除空白对照组外,其余各组小鼠灌胃给药同时灌服乙烯雌酚,连续7天.末次给药30 min后,除空白对照组外,其余各组小鼠腹腔注射缩宫素,观察小鼠离体子宫平滑肌收缩变化,小鼠30 min内扭体反应次数,并检测小鼠血浆血栓烷B2(TXB2)、6-酮-前列腺素F1α(6-Keto-PGF1α)及血清超氧化物歧化酶(SOD)、丙二醛(MDA)含量.结果:少腹逐瘀丸能够明显抑制缩宫素诱导小鼠离体子宫平滑肌收缩(P<0.05),使痛经小鼠扭体反应次数有降低趋势,但差异无显著性(P>0.05),并能明显降低小鼠血浆TXB2含量(P<0.05),明显升高血浆6-Keto-PGF1α含量(P<0.05),显著降低血清MDA含量(P<0.01),明显升高血清SOD含量(P<0.05).结论:少腹逐瘀丸对缩宫素诱导小鼠痛经模型具有较好治疗作用,其作用可能与调节TXB2/6-Keto-PGF1α比值、抗氧化有关.%Objective: to observe the analgesic effect and the functional mechanism of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan on oxytocin - induced menalgia of mice. Method: 50 KM mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, soft extract group of Dan'e Fukang, high dose and low dose groups of Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan, all of which, except the first group, were given intragastric administration and diethylstilbestrol for 7 days successively, then in-traperitoneal injection with oxytocin 30 minutes after the last administration, for the purpose to observe the contraction changes of the uterus smooth muscle in vitro, frequency of writhing response in 30 minutes and the following contents: TXB2 , 6 - Keto - PGF1, SOD and MDA. Results: Shao Fu Zhu Yu Wan could inhibit significantly the muscle contraction of the uterus in vitro induced by oxytocin ( P 0. 05 ), significantly decrease TXB2( P <0. 05

  12. 情结与指向:郁达夫小说的现代性内蕴%Complex and Intention:Modern Connotations of Yu Dafu’s Novels

    邓在艳; 聂和平


    Lonely wandering is Yu Dafu’s wanderer attitude and he also gives the same attitude to the heroes in his works. The journey of“He”,“She”and“Y man”to Japan in The Fall is just closely connected with the lonely wandering. In the emotion tone of his works, his national dream and yardstick of females as leads weave an existence land:co-living between wandering and loneliness, coexistence between soothing and vacillation. The paper studies Yu Dafu’s wandering and end-result, soothing and vacillation through analyzing parts of his works to proifle their modern connotations.%孤独的漂泊是郁达夫的行者姿态,同时也将这种姿态赋予其作品中的主人公。《沉论》中“他”“伊人”“丫君”的东洋之行正与这种郁式特有的行者姿态紧密相连。在其作品的情绪基调中,郁达夫式的民族梦想和衡量女性的尺度作为引子缀起了其作品主人公的生存之境——飘零与孤独共生、游移与渴望并存。文章将以郁达夫的部分作品来探视郁达式的飘零与归宿、寄情与游移,从而分析、探讨并彰显其现代性内蕴。

  13. Cloning and Sequencing of glnB and glnZ Genes from Azospirillum brasilense%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 glnB基因和glnZ基因的克隆和序列分析

    陈三凤; 杨红; 王娟; 李季伦


    glnB基因编码的PII蛋白在巴西固氮螺菌的固氮过程中起着非常重要的调控作用,而glnZ是与glnB高度同源的基因,其产物 Pz可能也在固氮调控中起作用.本研究用PCR法克隆了巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 glnB基因和glnZ基因.DNA序列分析表明glnB和glnZ这2个基因的编码区的长度都为336 bp,编码112个氨基酸.将巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 菌株与标准菌株Sp7的glnB基因和glnZ基因分别进行比较,结果表明这2个菌株的glnB基因在编码区的核苷酸顺序完全相同,而glnZ基因在长336 bp的编码区内有4个碱基发生变化,但改变后都是同义密码子,即编码的氨基酸并未改变.glnB基因和glnZ基因在核苷酸顺序上的同源性高达73.2%,氨基酸顺序的同源性达66.7%.

  14. The Position of Dong Yu Zheng Gui in the History of Japanese Education in China%《东语正规》在中国日语教育史上的意义



    《东语正规》是中国日语教育史上具有划时代意义的一部教材。与此前中国人编写的日语教材仅仅收录日语单词和日常用语相比,《东语正规》详细讲解了日语的语音和语法,对日语的品词进行了细致的划分,标志着中国人的日语学习开始逐渐走向科学和系统。从该书使用的语言学术语来看,该书既参考了当时日语语法书的术语,也借鉴并使用了中国传统语言学的术语来解释相关日语语言现象。%Dong Yu Zheng Gui was an epoch-making textbook in the history of Japanese education in China. Compared with the former Japanese textbook composed by Chinese authors, Dong Yu Zheng Gui gave a detailed description of the phonetics and grammar of Japanese and explained the parts of speech in Japanese in great detail to the Chinese, which indicates that the Chinese had begun to learn Japanese in a scientific and systematic way. From the perspective of the linguistic terminologies in this textbook, we can discover that not only the terminologies in Japanese grammar books at that time but also the terminologies of traditional Chinese were used to explain some linguistic phenomena in Japanese.

  15. Cloning and Sequencing of glnZ and the other Genes Clustered Around glnZ from Azospirillum brasilense Yu62%巴西固氮螺菌Yu62 glnZ基因及其相邻基因的克隆和序列分析

    陈三凤; 杨红; 李季伦


    通过原位杂交从巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillum brasilense)Yu62的基因组文库中获得glnZ基因的阳性克隆,对该阳性克隆进行亚克隆和序列分析,结果表明glnZ基因位于3.7 kb的SaLI片段上。glnZ基因编码区长336 bp,编码的产物是Pz蛋白,由112个氨基酸组成,分子量为1.12 kD。用Blastax 软件对Pz蛋白的氨基酸序列在GenBank数据库中进行同源比较,结果表明Pz蛋白与其它几种固氮菌及大肠杆菌的GlnK蛋白的同源性(identities)达66%以上;与 PII蛋白的同源性达64%以上。glnZ基因上游是部分ubiH-like 基因,与E.coli ubiH基因 (编码辅酶Q,ubiquinone)N-端有31%的同源性(identity)和50%相似性(similarity);glnZ基因下游是aat-like基因,与E.coli和 Bacillus subtilis aat基因(编码天冬氨酸氨基转移酶, aspartate aminotransferase)有同源性和相似性都为26% 和42%;aat-like基因下游是部分ftsK-like基因,与E.coli ftsK基因 (编码肽聚糖, peptidoglycan)N-端有42%同源性和56%相似性。这几个基因在GenBank中的登录号是AF279917。%The glnZ gene of A.brasilense was determined in a 3.7 kb SalI fragment,and ubiH-like,aat-like and ftsK-like genes were clustered around glnZ.A partial ubiH-like gene(required for ubiquinone synthesis)precedes glnZ and is transcribed from the opposite strand.The ubiH-likegene of A.brasilense has 31% identitiy and 50% similarity with ubiH gene of E.coli.The aat(aspartate aminotransferase)-like and ftsK(involved in peptidoglycan synthesis during cell septation )-like genes were found clustered downstream of glnZ.The aat-like gene of A.brasilense has 26% identity and 42% similarity with aat gene of E.coli. The ftsK-like gene of A.brasilense has 42% identity and 56% similarity with ftsKgene of E.coli.The glnZ gene encodes 112 amino acid-long Pz polypeptide, maping between positions 1057~1395bp.The amino acid sequence of Pz from A.brasilense is more than 66% identical to that

  16. 玉屏风颗粒治疗过敏性鼻炎的临床疗效观察%Clinical effects of Yu Pingfeng granule in the treatment of allergic rhinitis

    罗懿明; 易伟民


    目的:观察玉屏风颗粒联合西药治疗过敏性鼻炎的临床疗效。方法:将64例过敏性鼻炎患者随机分为对照组和观察组,每组各32例,两组患者均以西药进行抗过敏治疗,观察组在此治疗基础上加用中药复方制剂玉屏风散颗粒进行治疗,并比较两组患者喷嚏、流涕、鼻塞、鼻痒等临床症状改善时间及治疗2个月后的复发率。结果:观察组患者喷嚏、流涕、鼻塞、鼻痒等临床症状改善时间显著短于对照组,且治疗2个月后的复发率显著低于对照组,差异显著,均具有统计学意义( P﹤0.05)。结论:玉屏风颗粒联合西药治疗过敏性鼻炎的临床疗效显著,值得临床上推广应用。%Objective To observe the clinical effect of Yu Pingfeng granule combined with western medicine in the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Method 64 cases of patients with allergic rhinitis were randomly divided into control group and observation group,32 cases in each group,the patients of two groups were treated with western medicine of anti allergy treatment,on the basis of this,the patients of the observa-tion group were treated with Yu Pingfeng granule,and the improvement time of the clinical symptoms such of sneezing,runny nose,nasal con-gestion,nasal itching of patients in the two groups were compared,the recurrence rate were compared after 2 months of treatment. Results In the observation group,sneezing,runny nose,nasal congestion,nasal itching and other symptoms improved time was significantly shorter than that in control group after 2 months of treatment,and the recurrence rate was significantly lower than the control group,the difference was sig-nificant,the differences were statistically significant(P﹤0. 05). Conclusion The curative effect of Yu Pingfeng granule combined with west-ern medicine in the treatment of allergic rhinitis is significant,which was of clinical application.

  17. 养阴逐瘀汤联合西医常规治疗喉白斑病50例%Treatment for 50 Cases of Laryngeal Leukoplakia with YangYin ZhuYuTang and Conventional Western Medicine



    Objective: To explore clinical effects of YangYin ZhuYuTang, western medicine and surgery in treating laryngeal leukoplakia. Method: One hundred patients were randomized into two groups on average. Operation was performed after anesthesia of nasal surface and the patients of both groups were banned from smoking and drinking, administered with ultrasonic atomizing inhalation, once each time, 60 mg/1mL of gentamycin sulfate injection and 5 mg of dexamthasone each time. Observation group received YangYin ZhuYuTang based on the treatment given to control group, one dose per day, taking after breakfast and supper. One session was one month and both groups were treated for two consecutive sessions. Result: Cure rate and total effective rate of observation groups were 84.00% and 98.00%, superior to 70.00% and 88.00% of control group with notable differences (P<0.05). No adverse reaction or complication occurred in both groups. Conclusion: YangYin ZhuYuTang combined with western medicine and surgery can obtain better clinical effects in treating laryngeal leukoplakia without adverse reaction.%目的:观察养阴逐瘀汤联合西药及手术治疗喉白斑病的临床疗效.方法:将100 例喉白班病患者随机分为2 组,每组50 例.对照组采用鼻腔表面麻醉后进行手术,术后禁烟酒,给予患者超声雾化吸入,1 次/d,每次庆大霉素6 万单位,地塞米松5 mg.观察组在对照组治疗的基础上给予中药养阴逐瘀汤,1 剂/d,早、晚饭后服用.2 组均以1个月为1 个疗程,连续治疗2 个疗程.结果:观察组痊愈率为84.00%,总有效率为98.00%;对照组痊愈率为70.00%,总有效率为88.00%,2 组相比有统计学差异(P<0.05).2 组均未出现或发生不良反应及并发症.结论:养阴逐瘀汤联合西药及手术治疗喉白斑病临床疗效好,无不良反应.

  18. Influence of Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the respiratory function of COPD patients%清金逐瘀方离子导入对COPD患者呼吸功能的影响

    郭义娟; 赵晓霞; 秦玉玲; 黄立强


    Objective:To observe the influence of Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the respiratory function of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).Methods:120 cases of COPD patients were selected from February 2011 to February 2013.According to random number table method,the patients were divided into the experimental group and the control group with 60 cases in each.The control group was given conventional western medicine treatment,and the experimental group was given Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis on the basis of conventional western medicine treatment.After treatment for two weeks, the lung function of patients were compared,such as forced expiratory vital capacity(FVC),forced expiratory volume in 1 second(FEV1),FEV1/predicted value(FEV1%),blood gas analysis index(arterial blood oxygen partial pressure PaO2,carbon dioxide pressure PaCO2).Results:After treatment for two weeks,the lung functions of two groups were all significantly improved.FVC,FEV1, FEV1% of the experimental group improved more significantly than those of the control group,and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:On the basis of conventional western medicine treatment,adding Qing Jin Zhu Yu Fang iontophoresis can significantly improve lung function in COPD patients,reduce inflammation,and obtain apparent curative effect.%目的:观察清金逐瘀方离子导入对慢性阻塞性肺疾病(COPD)患者呼吸功能的影响。方法:2011年2月-2013年2月收治COPD患者120例,按随机数字表法分为试验组和对照组,每组60例。对照组给予常规西医治疗,试验组在常规西医治疗的基础上予以清金逐瘀方离子导入,治疗2周后对比两组肺功能,即用力呼气肺活量(FVC)、1 s用力呼气容积(FEV1)、FEV1/预计值(FEV1%),血气分析指标(动脉血氧分压 PaO2、二氧化碳分压 PaCO2)。结果:治疗2周后,两组患者肺功能均有显著改善,其中试验组 FVC、FEV1、FEV1%

  19. 李渔观看术:多角色的“喜剧”与跨文体的“创造”*--以韩南《创造李渔》为中心%Ways of Viewing Li Yu:‘Comedies’of Multiple Characters and the‘Invention’of Trans-Genres:On Patrick Hanan’s The Invention of Li Yu



    As a renowned scholar in the field of sinology overseas of literature in the Ming and Qing dynasties, Patrick Hanan, as early as the 1980s, published his book, The Invention of Li Yu, an‘Oriental micro-type’of a book that demonstrates his own theory. Based on that, this article explores the functional signified in the concept of‘comedy’in Hanan’s writin g system, his‘invention’of the concrete strategies executed by Li Yu, the patterned purification of‘sexual texts’in literature, the use of‘inversion’as a vehicle for the cognizance of literary phenomena, the observation and deduction based on such character frames as‘the narrator’and‘sponsor’and the practice of the theoretical view of‘trans-genre’. In fact, Hanan’s is the typical mechanism through which the Orient is viewed in the world of sinology as he has deliberately chosen Li Yu, a Chinese man of letters, as his case to write about and has actively introduced the critical discourse of Western theory. It is only by using a specific theory or perspective as an incision for entry that time, space and cultural differences can be transcended with possible discoveries. Here, the‘telescope’, that inspired Hanan with Li Yu’s fiction and that concerned him, and its principle serve as a behavioral metaphor. What makes Hanan more a forward thinker than otherwise is the fact that he has lifted Li Yu out of phenomenology to the level of methodology and, further, is using him as a mirror image in his literary research for reference, creating an equal and interactive posture of dialogue between Hanan and Li Yu.%作为海外汉学界颇负盛名的中国明清文学研究者,韩南早在20世纪80年代,便推出了彰显个人理论基色的“东方微观型”著作《创造李渔》。本文以此为中心,重点探讨了韩南书写体系中“喜剧”概念的功能性所指,以及“创造”李渔所施行的具体策略:文学中“性文本”的模式化提炼,

  20. Analysis the monitoring results of endemic fluorosis by lowering fluoride in drinking water in Yu County Hebei province%河北省蔚县地方性氟中毒改水降氟监测结果分析

    赵秀平; 王志祥; 郝冬梅; 韩国毅; 杨富花


    目的 掌握河北省蔚县地方性氟中毒病区的改水现状及防治措施、控制效果.方法 选取蔚县55个病区村,对8~12岁儿童氟斑牙患病率及改水设施运行情况进行调查.儿童氟斑牙检查采用Dean氏法,水氟含量检测采用氟离子选择电极法.结果 正常使用的改水工程为29个,受益人口达56 751人,管网末梢水氟含量均值为0.80mg/L,范围为0.2~2.1mg/L.氟斑牙患病率为15.92%,氟斑牙指数为0.27.结论 蔚县地氟病防治取得较好效果,但病区改水降氟的防病措施尚须加强.%Objective To master the drinking water defluoridation current state, preventive measures and control effects in endemic fluorosis areas of Yu County Hebei province. Method Selected 55 endemic villages and investigated the dental fluorosis prevalence rate of 8 to 12 old children and the operation status of drinking water defluoridation facilities. Children's dental fluorosis was examined by Deans, fluoride content in drinking water was determined by fluorion selective electrodes. Results Total of 56 751 people were profited from 29 drinking water defluoridation projects. The average value of fluorides content in water of end pipe network was 0. 80mg/ L (0. 2 ~2. Lmg/L) . The dental fluorosis prevalence rate was 15. 92% and dental fluorosis index was 0. 27. Conclusions Endemic fluorosis prevention and control work received good effect in Yu County, but we still need to improve the drinking water defluoridation projects in endemic areas.

  1. Analysis on the Status and Dynamic Changes of Forest Resources in Yu'an District,Lu'an City%六安市裕安区森林资源现状与动态变化分析

    王升堂; 陈传胜; 黄敏; 倪建华


    利用裕安区2004年与2013年森林资源二类调查数据,分析了森林资源现状特点及十年间的变化。结果表明:全区林地比重较高,占土地总面积的36.31%,林地主要分布在南部低山和中部丘陵岗地地区,北部平原区相对较少;林种、龄组结构比较合理,树种结构有所改善。2004~2013年10年间林地面积、活立木蓄积、森林覆盖率和林木绿化率均实现了增长。裕安区实施生态公益林建设工程、森林增长工程、森林长廊工程取得显著成效,使森林资源快速增长,生态环境安全得到改善。%This paper analyzed the percent characteristics and developing changes of forest resources in Yu'an district according to the 2nd‐class inventory data of years in 2004 and 2013 .The results showed that percentage of the region's forest land was higher , accounting for 36 .31% of the total land area .The distribution of forest land was uneven .Forest land mainly distributed in low mountains located in the south and hilly region in the middle part .Forest resources were poor in the northern plain .The forest categories and age structure of forest were more reasonable and plant species slightly improved .The woodland area ,forest volume of stumpages ,the percentage of forest cover and greening rate achieved growth during 2004‐2013 .There was a rapid growth of forest resources and environmental security was significantly improved in Yu'an district with the implementation of ecological forest construction ,forest grow th projects ,forest corridor project .

  2. Rose with Thrones: On the allegorical features of Yu Hua's novel%带刺的玫瑰——论余华小说的寓言性特征



    作为先锋派的代表作家,余华以其特殊的审美视角和写作风格给文坛带来一股强烈的冲击波。他的小说不以故事的曲折见长,而是以内蕴的丰厚别具一格。他的小说运用了寓言以此喻彼的思维模式和夸张、讽喻、变形、荒诞等寓言的写作手法,才使其能在先锋派诸多优秀作家中脱颖而出,尤其在20世纪90年代引起了评论界的广泛关注,在读者中也是好评如潮。从寓言化的角度来观照余华的小说创作,分析他的小说与寓言之间千丝万缕的联系,以此为突破口,找到一个新的理解余华小说的视域。%Yu Hua, the representative of the avant-garde writers, has brought the literary world a strong shock by his unique aesthetic view and writing style. Rather than stories with good twists and turns, he wrote novels with rich connotation in a style of his own. It is believed that the writer is good at applying fables in his fiction with such writin deformation and absurdity, which enable him to stan g d techniques as hyperbole, metaphor, allegory, out among the excellent avant-garde writers. Especially in the 1990 his novels aroused wide concern of critics and readers as well. This paper aims to study Yu Hua's novel writing from the allegorical his novels and the fables there are to find perspective and analyze the relationship between a better appreciation of the writer and his novels.

  3. Content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid by HPLC-ELSD%HPLC-ELSD法测定血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量

    孙琦; 仲崇琳; 杨美林


    Objective:To develop a method for the content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid.Methods:High performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light-scattering detector method was used.The chromatographic column was octadecylsilane chemically bonded silica as the filler,the moving phase was methanol-water(25:75),the flow velocity was 1ml one minute,the column temperature was 30℃.The drift tube temperature of evaporative light-scattering detector was 105℃,air or nitrogen was as the atomizing gas,its flow velocity was 3.0L one minute.Results:The incoming sample amount of amygdalin was 0.856~4.28 μ g,the natural logarithm of peak area and the natural logarithm of incoming sample amount had good linear relationship(r=0.9995),the average recovery was 99.06% ,RSD=1.39(n=6).Conclusion:This method is sensitive,accurate,can be used for the content determination of amygdalin in Xue Fu Zhu Yu oral liquid.%目的:建立测定血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量的方法。方法:采用高效液相色谱-蒸发光散射检测器法。色谱柱为十八烷基硅烷键合硅胶为填充剂,流动相为甲醇-水(25:75),流速控制在1ml/分,柱温控制在30℃;蒸发光散射检测器的漂移管温度控制105℃,空气或氮气作为其中的雾化气体,其流速控制在3.0L/分。结果:苦杏仁苷的进样量0.856~4.28μg,其峰面积的自然对数与进样量的自然对数具有良好的线性关系(r=0.9995),平均回收率99.06%,RSD=1.39(n=6)。结论:该方法灵敏、准确,可用于血府逐瘀口服液中苦杏仁苷的含量测定。

  4. A New Book on the Law System of the Golden Horde: Pochekaev R.Yu. Legal Culture of the Golden Horde (Historical and Legal Essays (Moscow: Yurlitinform, 2015. 312 p.

    D.V. Nefedov


    Full Text Available This book is a study at the intersection of such academic disciplines as general history, history of state and law and source study. The subcect of R.Yu. Pochevalev’s book appears very relevant since the interest of the scientific community and readership toward the Golden Horde and its role in the history of the Russian state remains traditionally high for several centuries. However, the author is trying to take a fresh look at this state and refute the stereotype of the Golden Horde as a some kind of bunch of nomads who lived only by plundering neighboring sedentary peoples. He succeeds in this by studying such an important part of the Golden Horde history as its law and legal culture. The book examines a number of questions on the history of state and law of the Golden Horde, which have not previously been the subject of a special study (for example, possessions of the Golden Horde in other uluses, dualism of power in different states, relations between authorities and traders, etc.. On some other issues that have already been studied by experts, he proposes new interpretations in the framework of historical and legal approach (for example, the causes of intestine strife in the Golden Horde in the mid-14th century, yarliks of the Golden Horde khans granted to the Russian Chruch, relations of the Golden Horde rulers and Italian colonies in the Northern Black Sea region. The author examines to a great extent the themes of state and legal regulation of economic relations: status of merchants in the Golden Horde and post-Golden Horde states, role of economic sanctions in the resolution of political conflicts. In other essays contained in the book, the author also emphasizes the role of the economic component of the political and legal relations. For example, R.Yu. Pochekaev convincingly shows that relations of the Golden Horde with other states of the Mongol Empire was based on the principle of mutual provision of possessions to the rulers of

  5. Attention to Difficult Growth of Children——On the Images of Children in Cries in the Drizzle by Yu Hua%关注儿童的艰难成长——论余华小说《在细雨中呼喊》的儿童形象



    Yu Hua presents children of several images lonely,treacherous and melancholy in the novel of Cries in the Drizzle.Yu describes their difficult growth always with blood,violence and death,which is resistent to the oppression of the adult world,with violence against violence.Concern with the fate of children is the concern with the fate of adult.%余华的长篇小说《在细雨中呼喊》中有几类儿童形象,或孤独或叛逆或忧郁。余华以一贯的血腥、死亡、暴力描述了这些儿童艰难的成长,其实是以此反抗成人世界的压迫,以暴力反对暴力。关注儿童的命运,也是关注成人的命运。

  6. 血浆氨基酸代谢变化与肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证的相关性研究%Relevant research on plasma amino acid profiling of cancer patients with ShenXu-TanYu syndrome

    巴吐尔·买买提明; 娜孜古力·托合塔森; 孔彬; 陈音; 尤丽; 哈木拉提·吾甫尔


    Objective To investigate metabolic signatures in plasma of cancer patients with ShenXu-TanYu syndrome using plasma-free amino acid profiles,and identify the underlying mechanism of ShenXu-TanYu syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine.Methods Case group were selected from 80 cancer patients with ShenXu-TanYu or 78 non ShenXu-TanYu)and 50 cases from healthy volunteers were selected as control group,plasma samples were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).Spectral profiles were subjected to Student′s t-tests to assess statistical significance.Results Compared with the healthy group,the levels of amino acids decreased significantly in plasma of patients with ShenXu-TanYu and non ShenXu-TanYu syndrome except cystine in patients with ShenXu-TanYu (all P 0.05).Conclusion Plasma-free amino acid profiling could potentially assist in under-standing and determining ShenXu-TanYu in traditional Chinese medicine.A HPLC-based metabonomic platform could be a powerful tool for the classification of different symptoms in traditional medicine.%目的:探讨肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证患者血浆中相关的氨基酸代谢变化及其机制。方法选取健康志愿者50例、肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证患者80例和肿瘤非肾虚痰瘀证患者78例。采用高效液相色谱法(High-Performance Liquid Chromatography,HPLC)检测血浆中17种氨基酸含量,分析各组不同氨基酸含量的差异性。结果健康志愿者与肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证患者血浆中将胱氨酸含量没有差异以外,肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证和肿瘤非肾虚痰瘀证患者血浆中其他所有氨基酸含量均明显降低,与健康志愿者比较差异有统计学意义,(P <0.05)。肿瘤肾虚痰瘀证患者血浆中天冬氨酸、谷氨酸、丝氨酸、胱氨酸、苯丙氨酸、缬氨酸、蛋氨酸、赖氨酸、异亮氨酸、亮氨酸和酪氨酸11种氨基酸含量均高于肿瘤非肾虚痰瘀证患者,差异有统计学意义,(P <0.05)。

  7. The Summary of Professor Yu Juan's Experience of Massage for Infantile Anorexia%于娟教授推拿治疗小儿厌食症经验总结

    蔡可燕; 于娟; 刘明; 任艳; 王莉; 霍晶晶


    Infantile anorexia is a clinical common disease, the growing development may even be affected in serious cases. Professor Yu Juan, as a few of domestic doctoral tutors that engages in infantile massage studies, has unique understanding on treating infantile anorexia by massage. This ar-ticle would try to summarize tutor's experience of massage for infantile anorexia, in order to provide some references for clincial practice.%小儿厌食症是临床常见病,严重者会影响小儿的生长发育。于娟教授作为国内为数不多的专业从事小儿推拿研究工作的博士研究生导师,对推拿治疗此病有独特认识。本文试将导师推拿治疗小儿厌食症的经验进行总结,以供临床参考。

  8. 新峪矿综放工作面注氮气泡沫防灭火技术应用%Application of fire fighting technology of nitrogen foam injection on fully mechanized coal face in Xin Yu mine coal

    孙红俊; 陈军伟; 康怀宇


    氮气防灭火技术是防治煤层内因火灾的有效技术措施之一,但氮气轻,易流失,本文针对新峪矿5110综放工作面的实际情况,采用了氮气泡沫结合的方法进行防灭火,对注氮设备、注氮方式、注氮工艺、进行了详细的阐述,并对防灭火效果进行了深入分析。%Fire fighting technology of nitrogen injection is one of the most effective technical measures in preventing coal seam fire.However,nitrogen is light and loses easily.Regarding the practical situation on 5110 fully mechanized coal face of Xin Yu mine coal,this thesis analyzes the combination of nitrogen and foam for firefighting technology.It elaborates the nitrogen produce equipment,nitrogen injection way,and nitrogen injection technology.Furthermore,it analyzes the fire control results in details.

  9. 刘宇教授中医药治疗运动神经元病经验%Experience of Prof. LIU Yu for treating motor neuron disease inTCM

    曹静; 武庆花


    刘宇教授是山东省济南市中医医院主任中医师、教授、硕士生导师,原山东省卫生厅副厅长、毛主席保健专家刘惠民先生的嫡孙。在中医学众多领域都有很高深的造诣,尤善治疗疑难杂病。在治疗运动神经元病时强调补益肝肾、调理脾胃,取得较好疗效。%Professor LIU Yu is the director phsician, Professor and master advisor in TCM hospital of Jinan city of Shandong province. He has a very profound attainment in many fields of TCM, especially good at treating difficult diseases. In the treatment of motor neuron disease, the treatment of supplementing liver and kidney, regulating Pi and Wei, had achieved great successes.

  10. 爱情碎片中映出的时代图景——读于晓威长篇小说《我在你身边》%Yu Xiaowei' s Novel I Am with You Interpreted



    The novel I Am with You by Yu Xiaowei is about a young couple' s love story from the very beginning to the end of their life. As mirrored in the novel, the modemized society makes obsolete the universally ac- cepted beliefs in morality, stability and personality; while the so-called new code of life like flexibility or versatility does not necessarily make people happy. What may the future bring for human beings? In the novel, a genuine and profound introspection is made on the complexity of actual life as well as the conflict and confusion of human beings.%于晓威的长篇小说《我在你身边》写的是一对青年男女的爱情故事,写爱情的从有到无、从生到死。现代化社会使道德与约束、坚守与稳定、人格与自我等一贯为我们所认可的范畴变得陈旧、过时,而完全的灵活、变通等所谓新的生活准则也并未能使人走上幸福之路。人何去何从?小说对现实生活的复杂和人的矛盾困惑进行了真实、深刻的反思。

  11. 郁达夫对日本文化和日本国民性的认识%Yu Dafu's Recognition of Japanese Culture and Japanese National Character



    Yu Dafu's recognition of Japanese culture and Japanese national character from the early favor of Japanese culture and sad telling about weak people to rational evaluation of Japanese culture and Japanese national character in 1930s includs a tangle of love and hate feelings. He takes Japan as a reference to China~s national culture and national characters, and then makes criticism on them, which is just a miniature of the recognition of Japan of the Chinese who studied in Japan in Meiji Taisho Period.%郁达夫对日本文化和日本国民性的认识从早期对日本文化的喜爱和弱国子民的悲哀诉说到20世纪30年代对日本文化和国民性的理性评价,包含着爱与憎的感情纠结。他以日本为镜子参照本民族文化和国民性,进而对之进行批判,这正是明治大正时期留学日本的一代中国人认识日本的缩影。

  12. 从语境顺应理论看《虞美人》的英译%On the Translation of Yu Meiren:From the Perspective of Contextual Adaptation Theory

    朱媛媛; 刘娟


      In Understanding Pragmatics, Verschueren puts forward that language use is a dynamic process in which various linguistic choices should be made. As a form of language uses, translation is also influenced greatly by the Adaptation Theory. Thus, this paper, from the perspective of the Contextual Adaptation Theory, endeavors to analyze the English versions of Yu Meiren from the mental world, physical world and the social world to find out how these three translations make linguistic choices to adapt to the artistic conception of the text.%  Verschueren在其《语用学新解》中提出,语言使用的过程是一个不断选择语言的过程。翻译活动作为语言使用的一种形式,也受到语言顺应理论很大的影响。本文试图从顺应理论的角度出发,对《虞美人》的英译从心理世界、物理世界和交际世界三个方面进行讨论,分析译文是如何来顺应原文的意境的。

  13. News Events and Meaning of Novel Text---A case study of Yu Hua′s "The Seventh Day"%新闻事件与小说文本的意义∗--以余华的《第七天》为例



    余华的新作《第七天》,是一部可以被当作新闻阅读的小说文本。新闻事件经想象与虚构在小说文本中的运用既能体现出其现实价值,也反映出余华创作观念与方法上的一些变化。《第七天》里新闻事件与小说文本分别采用的官方报道与民间叙事立场的不同与对比,则是余华审视现实社会的一种独特探索方式。不过小说的艺术世界与现实世界的失衡也折射出余华在直面现实时的精神焦灼以及艺术处理的不妥之处。%The Seventh Day, a new book by Yu Hua, is a novel text which can be regarded as a kind of news read-ing. News events, through the application of imagination and fiction in the novel text, can reflect both their real value and some changes of Yu Hua′s creative ideas and methods in his writing. The difference and comparison of the official reports and the folk narration standpoint respectively adopted in news events and the novel text of The Seventh Day is Yu Hua′s u-nique exploring way of surveying the realistic society. But the unbalance between art world and real world also reflects Yu Hua′s mental anxiety when he faces the real world and the inappropriateness in his dealing with art.

  14. From Salvation to Revelry——The Conversion of Violence Depiction about the Cultural Revolution from 1986 and Brothers Written by Yu Hua%由救赎到狂欢——从《一九八六》、《兄弟》看余华关于“文革”暴力叙事的转换



    The violence of the "Cultural Revolution" was the theme that YuHua presented and pondered with strong desire in his novels,and some of them that mattered the violence showed us the Aesthetics of Violence.The exaggeration about the violence essentially reflects the tense relations between the author and the reality.The novels in different times of YuHua showed the way to deal with the tensity.1986,an early works of YuHua and his latest novel Brothers,that showed different opinions about the violence of the "Cultural Revolution".Through the text perusing of the two representative works of YuHua,the article showed us the conversion of violence depiction about the" Cultural Revolution".%"文革"暴力是余华在小说中极力呈现和思考的主题,一些涉及暴力题材的小说显现了"暴力美学"。这种对暴力的极端渲染,其本质原因是作家和现实存在的紧张关系。余华不同时期的小说体现了处理这种紧张的方式,在早期的《一九八六》和近期的《兄弟》中,余华表达了对"文革"暴力不同的看法。这两个具有代表性的文本,反映了余华关于"文革"暴力叙事的变化。

  15. 松郁安神方对REM睡眠剥夺大鼠认知功能及神经递质的影响%Effects of Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang on Learning and Memory Capability and Levels of neurotransmitter in REM Sleep Deprivation Rats

    曾雪爱; 黄俊山; 王雅丽


    Objective: To observe the effects of the compound Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang on learning and memory capability and levels of monamine-neurotransmitter in REM sleep deprivation rats. Methods: The rats were randomly divided into normal group, environment control group, REM sleep deprivation group, Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang treatment group and alprazolam treatment group. Morris water maze was used to measure Learning and memory performance. The levels of NE, DA and 5-HT were determined by HPLC-ECD. Results; Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang improved the learning and memory capability of REM sleep deprivation rats and regulated the levels of NE, DA and 5-HT in plasma. Conclusion: Song-Yu-An-Shen-Fang can significantly improve the learning and memory capability in REM sleep deprivation rats, the underlying mechanism may be related to regulate the levels of some neurotransmitters.%目的:研究松郁安神方对REM睡眠剥夺大鼠认知功能及血浆中神经递质的影响.方法:药物治疗5d后水迷宫实验观察大鼠的学习记忆,用高效液相-电化学检测NE、DA、5-HT的含量.结果:中药治疗后大鼠的学习记忆能力较模型组明显改善,NE含量明显降低,DA、5-HT含量明显升高.结论:松郁安神方不仅可改善REM睡眠剥夺大鼠的学习记忆能力,而且可调节大鼠睡眠相关物质NE、DA、5-HT的含量,其学习记忆能力的改变可能与某些神经递质的改变有关.

  16. 20世纪中国文学的异文化观照——从《变形记》与《一九八六年》看卡夫卡对余华的影响%In twentieth Century the Chinese literature from Cultural Perspective --Influence of Kafka's ‘The Metamorphosis' on Yu Hua' s ‘The 1986'



    This article analyses the influence of Austrian writer Kafka on Yu Hua who is one of the Chinese vanguard writers in the style of the two novels The Metamorphosis and The 1986. Not only on narrative style, but on the mode of plot, the processing of details and the thought of theme, Yu Hua echoes from afar with Kafka who is the originator of modernist sehool in the 20th century. Such influence en- abled Yu Hua to break through and innovate from the level of both the form and tile thought in his novels. Under the deep influence of Kafka, Yu Hua' s creation, has witnessed space for free expression and no longer gets bogged down in the bondage of reality.%摘要:本文从影响研究的角度,以《变形记》和《一九八六年》两部短篇小说为例,分析奥地利作家卡夫卡对中国先锋作家余华的影响。余华的《一九八六午》在叙事风格、情节模式、细节处理和主题思路方面,均与20世纪现代文学鼻祖卡夫卡遥相呼应。这种影响使余华的写作无论是在形式层面上还是在思想层面上,都有了相当的突破与创新;在卡夫卡的深刻影响下,余华的创作同时有了一个自由表述的空间,而不再拘泥于现实的束缚。

  17. A Discussion of how Emperor Li Yu Was Highly- priced as Sakyamuni or Jesus Christ by Wang Guowei%以“沈腰潘鬓”而“担荷罪恶”——王国维如何把李煜推高至“释迦”“基督”的地位



    王国维《人间词话》对李煜作品的评价认为,李煜"俨有释迦、基督担荷人类罪恶之意"。对此学界解说纷纭。从王国维的学识背景、哲学思想及文学创作等进行分析可以了解,在对人生的追究与考索方面,王国维与李后主有相似之处,这是把李煜推高至"释迦""基督"的教主地位的原因。%Wang guowei highly priced Li Yu, the emperor of Tang dynasty, as Sakyamuni or Jesus Christ in his book Ren Jian Ci Hua. However, there are various reviews and contentions on this comment. From Wang Guowei' s academic background, philosophical thinking and literature writing, it can be concluded that Wang Guowei and Li Yu had some thing in common in life pursuing and exploring, which explains why Wang Guowei highly priced Emperor Li Yu as Sakyamuni or Jesus Christ.

  18. To Touch Absurdity in History and Reality: Philosophical Interpretation to Yu Xiaowei' s Novels%在历史和现实中触摸荒诞——于晓威小说的哲学解读



    Yu Xiaowei is a novelist with the consciousness of tragedy, whose novels always display his persistent thinking about human, life and destiny. Absurdity is the key word of his works, for it is the cause as well as the conclusion of his creation: he finds the pervasiveness and irresistibility of absurdity while examining both the history and reality. His narration of humans in absurdity highlights the value of life and existence, and reveals the meaning of life instead of expressing tragedy only. Besides, his passion of exploration enables him to extend his art feelers deeply, which shows his sober rationality as a writer.%于晓威是有着悲剧意识的当代小说家,其创作一直体现着对人、人生、人的命运的关注与思考,“荒诞”是其小说创作的核心性词语。他在对历史和现实的双重审视中发现了荒诞的普遍性和不可抗拒性,可以说,荒诞既是他创作的起因,也是他探索的结论。对处于荒诞中的人的叙写凸显出生命、生存的价值,也使得小说避免了单纯的悲感而彰显出人生的意义。探索的激情促使他不断将艺术的触角延伸至生活的深处,表现出一个作家清醒的理性。

  19. 中国近代心理学史上的丁韪良及其《性学举隅》%Ding Weiliang and His Xing Xue Ju Yu in the History of Modern Chinese Psychology



    传教士丁韪良出于借心理学来传播宗教的目的在1898年出版了,这是融入了许多西方科学心理学知识的中文心理学著作.中国最早开设心理学课程的登州文会馆的两名毕业生在丁韪良撰写过程中进行了笔述工作.丁韪良曾为益智书会撰写心理学教材但未完成,益智书会转而出版了颜永京的(上本).以丁题目及其为纽带,19世纪后半叶中国近代心理学发展进程中的几个重要事件构成了一副较完整的历史图景,反映出中国近代心理学的发展与宗教传播有着密切联系.吸收了当时西方心理学前沿性的生理心理学知识,向中国引介了催眠术和颅相学知识,并对中国的"五官说"、"七情说"进行了修正与补充,同时也借用了汉字的造字法来阐述其部分心理学观点.由于丁韪良向中国传播心理学是其宜传宗教思想的手段之一,而颜永京译述海文原著的更倾向于向中国传播心理学这一学科,强调了心理学与众多学科的联系和应用价值,因此丁韪良在心理学术语创制上的历史功绩要逊于颜永京.颜永京于1882年将psychology翻译为"心才学",这是目前发现心理学学科的最早汉语翻译名称.%Xing Xue Ju Yu 性学举隅 (Introduction to psychology) was written by the American missionary Ding Weiliang (W. A. P. Martin). As one of the earliest books on psychology written in Chinese, it was published in 1898. This book contains three prefaces written by Qing premier Li Hongzhang, Luo Shanzhi and Ding, which was written in a form of question and answer. It contains a brief outline, with fifteen chapters in the first volume named Ling Cai灵才, and fourteen chapters in the second volume named Xin De心德. In this publication on psychology, Ding introduced the state-of-the-art psychological knowledge in the West, largely in the field of physiological psychology, along with some psychological theories, such as hypnotism and

  20. 贾雨村形象特点及其在《红楼梦》文本中的作用%JiaYu-cun's Characteristics and the Role He Plays in the A Dream of Red Mansions



    Jia Yu-cun is one of the earliest characters appearing in the A Dream of Red Mansions. He was a typical scholar in that age and chose a way which was regarded as an orthodox way of official career. In this text, he was a poor scholar and then became a high-ranking official through taking the imperial examinations, and thus realized his dream of a scholar's ideal. He was one of the successful people in the age, and was considered to be a good example for Baoyu by parents in Jia Mansion. The author leads the readers into the story step by step through the description of his activities. Jia Yucun is a clue character throughout the whole book.%贾雨村是《红楼梦》中最早出现的人物之一,他是那一时代读书人的一个典型,走的是当时被奉为正途的仕途经济的道路。在书中他由一个穷书生通过科举应试做了大官,实现了作为一个读书人的理想追求,是当时社会里的成功人士,被贾府家长看作宝玉学习的样板。作者就是通过他的活动将读者一步步引入红楼故事中,贾雨村是一个贯穿始终的线索式人物。

  1. High performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry with programmed ionization mode switching and time segment scanning approach for quantifying multi-components in traditional complex herbal medicines, Qiong-Yu-Gao as an example.

    Xu, Jin-Di; Wu, Jie; Zhou, Shan-Shan; Shen, Hong; Mao, Qian; Zhu, He; Kong, Ming; Li, Song-Lin


    An improved high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS) method was developed to quantitatively evaluate the holistic quality of traditional complex herbal medicines (CHMs). Qiong-Yu-Gao (QYG), a classical CHM consisting of Rehmanniae Radix, Poriae and Ginseng Radix, was used as an example. Thirty-eight major components (including six pairs of epimers/isomers) belonging to five chemical types, i.e., iridoid glycosides, phenethylacohol glycosides, furfural derivatives, ginsenosides and triterpenoid acids, were selected as marker compounds. Programmed ionization mode switching and time segment scanning were designed to improve the sensitivity of the MS detection concerning the diverse chemical features of the analytes. The reference compounds of the analytes were individually injected directly into MS to optimize the ionization cone voltage and to select monitoring ion of each analyte. Nine channels with eight time segments were determined for monitoring the thirty-eight analytes, among which six were detected in positive and thirty-two in negative ion modes respectively. Higher signal-to-noise ratios of the analytes were achieved when compared with full time scanning. In addition, the linearity, precision, accuracy and stability of the method were also validated. The established method was applied for the quantitative evaluation of QYG samples prepared with three different methods. Obvious difference in the contents of thirty-eight components, in particular the original ginsenosides, degraded ginsenosides and furfural derivatives, was found among these QYG samples. All these results demonstrated that the established HPLC-ESI-MS with programmed ionization mode switching and time segment scanning approach is very suitable for the standardization investigation of CHMs.

  2. Motivation of the Theory of Studying poetry under the guidance of ideas of Zen Proposed by YanYu%浅析严羽《沧浪诗话》“以禅喻诗”的审美动因



    严羽“以禅喻诗”的提出,在诗歌理论创作上无疑是一面旗帜。进一步说,“以禅喻诗”上升到审美意义层面,其审美意义上的贡献也是毋庸置疑的。审美活动作为人的一种精神上的高层次追求,其审美主体不同,审美需求也会随之不同,审美的心理动因也必然会随之表现出多元化的倾向;反之,即使审美主体相同,表现出的审美心理动因也会不尽相同。旨在从审美心理等方面揭示严羽《沧浪诗话》“以禅喻诗”的审美动因。%Studying poetry under the guidance of ideas of Zen put forward by YanYu, which is undoubtedly a banner in the the-ory of poetry study.Aesthetic activities is a spirit pursuit of the aesthetic subject , the psychological motivation shows a diversified tendency;conversely, even if the same aesthetic subjects may show different psychological motivation.In order to reveal the aes-thetic psychology and other aspects of YanYu’ s CanglangShihua, it is necessary for us to study the theory of Studying poetry under the guidance of ideas of Zen.

  3. Journal of Neijiang Normal University%On ZHANG Zhu-po’s Standards of Comment on Characters in Chin Ping Mei:A Case Study of WU Yue-niang and MENG Yu-lou



    In ZHANG Zhu-po’s comments on ChinPing Mei,we can find great difference of commenting between WU Yue-niang and MENG Yu-lou.He took WU as a “wicked good person”and poured blames on her;in contrast,he called MENG a “real good person”and believed that she was the proj ection of the writer herself in the novel.This is because that the commentator merged the feeling of his life and the standards of comment on characters in pursuing certain values into his com-ment.These include three aspects:moral standards of wealth and sex,traditional words and deeds of rite and virtue,positio-ning of literati’s self-regarding images and second wives.%张竹坡批评《金瓶梅》中,对吴月娘和孟玉楼的评价有着较大差异:视吴月娘为“奸险好人”,大加贬斥;称孟玉楼为“真正好人”,认为她是作者本人在小说中的投射。原因在于评点者融入自己身世之感与价值追求所建立的人物品评标准。这主要包括三个方面:财与色的道德尺度、礼与贤的传统言行、继室与文人自喻的形象定位。

  4. 余华小说《河边的错误》中的文革叙述分析%Narrative of Cultural Revolution in Yu Hua’s MistakesbytheRiver

    郭兴; 张岚


    余华早期的作品《河边的错误》是一部反映其文革体验的作品。在历史意蕴层面,《河边的错误》通过小孩和主人公马哲对河边世界的探索来建构文学世界中的文革社会,反映了文革社会的荒谬性。在哲学意识层面,河边世界的疯子被赋予了深刻的意义,暗示着人类永恒的原始生命力和性冲动,以及人类本性中永恒的“恶魔性”因素。作品通过“探索者”和具有历史普遍意义的疯子来反映世界的荒谬性。%Early works of Yu Hua, Mistakes by the River , is a reflection of his experience during the Cultural Revolution. In the implication level of history, through the river exploration of the child and Mazhe in Mistakes by the River, it constructs Cultural Revolution society in literature to reflect its absurdity. In the philosophy level of consciousness, the profound meaning is given to a madman in the river world, suggesting primitive, eternal vitality and sex drive of humans, as well as the eternal human nature:factors of demon. His works reflect the absurdity of the world through the"Explorer"and a madman with a history of general significance.

  5. 从剧场性看曹禺戏剧文体的范式意义%On Paradigmatic Style of Cao Yu's Plays from the Perspective of Theatricality



    Cao Yu creats a kind of dramatic literature that sets the stage performance as its highest goal. He insists that literariness and theatricality should be developed simultaneously and the latter made a pri- ority; as a result, his dramatic texts have not only the literary tension but also theatrical attraction, which can be both read and performed and therefore keep unfailing in the history of Chinese drama. By catering to various tastes and telling bittersweet stories, his poetic plays show a nationalized characteristic of the Chinese drama and set up a paradigm for its development.%曹禺创造了一种以舞台演出为最高目标的戏剧文学。他坚持文学性与剧场性并举,且始终将剧场性放在首位,使戏剧文本既具有文学的张力,又具有剧场的引力,既可读又可演,从而打造了中国现代话剧史上久演不衰的风景。曹禺这种既可读又可演的戏剧,以其雅俗兼备的审美定位、悲喜交织的审美形态、诗化戏剧的审美取向,显示了中国话剧民族化的文体特征,树立了中国话剧的发展范式。

  6. 李煜«浪淘沙.帘外»二元结构研究%A Study On LiYu"Lang Tao Sha.Lian Wai"Binaryopposition structure



    二元对立是结构主义重要的理论基础和批评方式,其源于索绪尔语言学理论的二元对立理论。李煜«浪淘沙。帘外»全词充满了结构主义的二元对立结构形式,词作以历时和共时的二元对立的言语层面,融入了作者强烈的个人情感,以“赤子之真”构建了天上、人间二元对立的艺术世界,展现了雄奇、幽怨的艺术境界,开拓了词的境界。现从结构主义语言学理论的历时和共时的方法对词作进行相应的研究,以彰显其词的内涵。%binary is an important theoretical basis and structuralism criticism way,it is the re-sult of somalia's introduction,linguistics theory,theory of binary opposition.Li yu"LangTaoSha. Lian Wai"the word is full of the binary structure of structuralism,words in the words of binary op-position of diachronic and synchronic level,strong personal feelings into the author,in order to build heaven and earth"nobody really"the art world of dualism,and showed the artistic state of Japan,bit-terness,opens up a word boundary.Now from the diachronic and synchronic structural linguistics theory to research method,therefore,to reveal the connotation of the word.

  7. Professor LIU Yu-xin's Treatment Characteristics Experience on Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome%刘宇新教授治疗多囊卵巢综合征治法特点经验总结

    刘欣; 刘宇新


    Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a kind of endocrine disorder syndrome including reproductive dysfunction and sugar metabolism disorder. Persistent no ovulation, too much androgen and insulin resistance are the important characteristics. According to different ages, patients were given corresponding treatment, the growth season women were treated to induce ovulation for the final purpose, and for adolescent girls is to restore the hypothalamus-pituitary gland-ovarian function properly and establish regular menstrual cycle. Professor LIU Yu-xin's early treatment on the basis of nourishing kidney, regulating Chong and Ren meridians and promoting ovulation by regulating menstrual cycle, and the curative effect is good.%多囊卵巢综合征是一种生殖功能障碍与糖代谢异常并存的内分泌紊乱综合征.持续性无排卵、雄激素过多和胰岛素抵抗是其重要特征[1].根据年龄阶段不同分别给予相应的治疗,对生育期妇女给予诱发排卵促孕为最终目的,而对于青春期少女则以恢复下丘脑—垂体—卵巢轴正常功能,建立规律月经周期为主.导师刘宇新教授遵循治病求本,及早治疗的基础上,注重补肾、调冲任、调周促排治疗多囊卵巢综合征,疗效良好.

  8. Chuangzaoli xinlixue yu jiechu rencai peiyang

    Shi, Jiannong; Chen, N.; Du, Xiangyun


    The authors emphasize the importance of systemic perspectives for understanding human creativity after briefly introducing and commenting different theories or perspectives on creativity. It is emphasized that the manifestation of creativity or excellent achievement should not be treated as indiv......The authors emphasize the importance of systemic perspectives for understanding human creativity after briefly introducing and commenting different theories or perspectives on creativity. It is emphasized that the manifestation of creativity or excellent achievement should not be treated......, roles of family and social environment on development of creativity and cultivation of excellent talent....

  9. Laule : [luuletused] / Li Yu ; tlk. Jaan Kaplinski

    Yu, Li


    Sisu : "Vahused lained kui kuhjaksid kokku lund..."; "Õhtuks mingitud näo ja ihu valendus..."; "Kirkad lilled, hämus kuu, udu hõljuv loor..."; "Pool kevadet lahkumisest..."; "Sõnatult astun läänekambrisse..."; "metsapuilt on pudenenud kevadevärvid..."; "Vihmasabin kardina taga..."; "Möödunut võib ainult leinata..."; "Öö oli rajune-vihmane...";"Kevadlilled, sügisekuu - kaua veel..."

  10. Selected papers of Yu. I. Manin

    Manin, Yu I


    The book is a collection of research and review articles in several areas of modern mathematics and mathematical physics published in the span of three decades. The ICM Kyoto talk "Mathematics as Metaphor" summarises the author's view on mathematics as an outgrowth of natural language.

  11. 余秀华诗歌谱系与疼痛美学--以《诗经》、海子、“梨花体”为参照%The Pedigree of YU Xiu-hua’ s Poems and Her Pain Aesthetics---Taking “The Book of Songs”, Hai Zi,“Lihua Style” as a Reference

    刘云峰; 李俊国


    余秀华是新近爆红的诗人,她的诗歌理应纳入一个比较系统的评价体系之中。从互文与弃妇诗传统、意象选择与陌生化以及疼痛与戏仿三个方面分别将她的诗歌放在《诗经》、海子,以及与之同时而稍早的“梨花体”诗歌系统中,看她的诗对《诗经》以及当代诗人作品的继承、发扬和疏离,并由此衡量其诗歌创作的谱系、特色和得失。%As a newly -explosive poet, YU Xiu-hua’ s poems should be included in the evaluation system of a comparative system.There is a phenomenon of intertexuality between YU Xiu-hua’ s poetry and “The Book of Songs”, and her poems which reflect the difficulties and misfortune in marriage not only inherit but also develop the tradition of Chinese classical poems on deserted wives since “The Book of Songs”; her poetry is influenced profoundly by Hai Zi in the choice of image and the way of stranger; com-pared with Zhao Lihua, YU Xiu-hua’ s poems more meet for the reading expectation of poetic style which formed in a long time , it is mainly the pain in her poetry which conquers the readers.

  12. The Clinical Observation in Wound Healing of Dressing Changes after Anal Fistula Surgery with Gauzes of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao%生肌玉红膏纱条换药对肛瘘术后创面愈合的临床观察

    张羽; 王艳逊; 高文帅; 陈雄


    目的:观察生肌玉红膏纱条对肛瘘术后换药促伤口愈合的疗效。方法:治疗组83例以生肌玉红膏纱条治疗;对照组83例以0.2%乳酸依沙吖啶纱条治疗。结果:创面愈合天数治疗组为(10.02±3.52)d,对照组为(15.23±4.57)d,P<0.05,有显著性差异。结论:生肌玉红膏纱条对肛瘘术后创面有明显促进伤口愈合、活血行气、生肌止痛的功效。%Objective:Judge the efficacy in wound healing of dressing changes after anal fistula surgery with gauze of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao. Methods:The treatment group 83 patients who have dressed changes after anal fistula surgery with the gauzes of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao and the control group 83 patients who have dressed changes after anal fistula surgery with the gauzes of ethacridine lactate solution. Results:The wound healing time of treatment group was (10.02±3.52)days and the control group was (15.23±4.57)days,there were significant differences. Conclusions:The gauzes of Sheng Ji Yu Hong Gao have a obvious role such as promoting wound healing, blood circulation of qi and the the growth of fresh granulation and analgesic for wound of anal fistula surgery.

  13. Analysis of the Conflict Between Father and Son Presented in the Novels of YuHua and Kafka%试析余华与卡夫卡创作中的父子关系--以《变形记》和《在细雨中呼喊》两部作品为例



    细读卡夫卡的《变形记》和中国现当代作家余华的《在细雨中呼喊》,都能够感到强烈的父子冲突。作家余华在谈论到其创作时承认受卡夫卡影响深远,余华的写作具有西方20世纪现代主义文学的一些特色。这两位作家在塑造父子关系中带有颠覆传统的叛逆性,但是,由于中西方不同的文化背景和作家不同的人生经历,使得《在细雨中呼喊》这部作品较为成功地学习了西方文学的特点,又继承了中国文学传统中的优点。%When reading Kafka's Metamorphoses and Chinese contemporary writer Yu Hua's Cry in Rains, we can strongly feel the conflict between father and son in those novels .Yu Hua recognized the fat that he was influenced by Kafka Yu Hua's writing has some features of twentieth Century western modernism literatures .However , because of the different culture background and differ-ent life experiences , Cry in Rains has successfully grasped western literary type , at the same time he has inherited the advantages of tradition of Chinese literature .

  14. 对政治的惧怕和躲避:余秋雨文化散文论析%Fear and Elusion Politics:YU Qiuyu and His Cultural Prose



    YU Qiuyu's prose can be cognized from the relation between politics and the prose itself except for the interpretation made by many previous theorists about the meaning of literature itself .The experience of the "cul-tural revolution"brought him the psychological fear of politics .Because of fear , he chose to elude , but failed . Therefore , the uneasiness has been lingering in his mind , which helps to bring about new form of creation in his cultural proses .On the one hand he takes political cultural relics and historical cultural characters and events as narrated and described objects , and on the other hand , he pays attention to describing his own cultural inspira-tion without obviously expressing his own political view , which makes his prose appear to be kept at an arm's length of politics .This is actually the normal status of literature .The psychology of this is also a normal state of mind for writers and artists .%对于余秋雨的散文,除了以往许多论者从文学本身的意义去阐释之外,还可以从它与政治的关系上去认识。余秋雨在“文革”中的经历,使他对政治产生了惧怕的心理。因为惧怕,所以躲避,但却又无法躲避,所以他的内心一直忐忑。正是这一心态,促成了他对“文化散文”这一具有新意的体式的创造,即一方面以具有政治色彩的文化古迹和历史上的文化人物、文化事件作为记述和描写的对象,另一方面又注重抒写自己的文化感悟,而不明显地发表自己的政治见解,从而使他的文化散文显现出和政治若即若离的面貌。而这一面貌却是文学正常的状态,余秋雨对政治的若即若离的心态,也是作家、艺术家正常的心态。

  15. 从《拔河》《御毬》二赋看盛唐体育之精神%From Two Fu Literature Ba He and Yu Qiu to Study the Sportsmanship in the Glorious Age of Tang Dynasty



    盛唐薛胜《拔河赋》、阎宽《温汤御毬赋》,极尽描摹之能事,夸饰唐代开元天宝年间拔河、打毬的竞技场面,精彩传神,充分展示了体育文学的艺术魅力。两赋明晰揭示“百戏”“杂技”的精神内核:“败无隐恶,强无蔽能”“武由是存,义不可舍”“称物以平施”、“耀武于外”。体育赋作为体育文学的体裁、题材之一,从一个侧面折射了盛唐的体育精神,为后代体育研究保存了极其珍贵的“非物质文化遗产”。%In the glorious age of Tang Dynasty ,the Ba He Fu written by Xue Shen and the Wen Tang Yu Qiu FU written by Yan Kuan vividly described and praised the athletics scenes of tug -of -war and ball games which were held during the Kaiyuan Tianbao .These two Fu with wonderful and vivid description fully presented the artistic charm of sports literature .They clearly revealed the core essences of “Bai Xi (acrobatics)”and“Za Ji(juggling)” ,which were“Facing the failure no need hide the incompetent ,achie‐ving victory no need cover the great talent” ,“Keep the kung fu spirit in sports ,and never lose the kung fu morality” ,“Ensure fairness” ,“Present the power to foreigners” .As one type and topics of sports litera‐ture ,the sports literature Fu indicated the sportsmanship in the glorious age of Tang Dynasty from anoth‐er prospective ,and conserved extremely valuable Intangible Cultural Heritage for the future sport re‐search .

  16. 从“雅致”到“新奇”*--在继承中发展的李渔造物思想%From “Elegance” to “Novelty”:Li Yu's Thought of Creation

    杨婧; 陈建新


    “Elegance” has been rooted in the traditional Chinese culture for thousands of years. It is present in the Book of Songs and the Analects of Confucius with aesthetic propositions such as “Yadao” (elegant methods), “Yazhi”( elegant and delicate), “Yaye” (the industry of verse), “Yaqu” (a sense of elegant humor). "Elegance" is often used to describe the literati and upper culture. Until the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the traditional literati class still clung to the elegant world with classic beauty and elegant taste, but Li Yu duly explored and chased the road of "novelty" at the base of theory of elegant, and formed a set of creation aesthetics for both common people and the literati.%“雅”根植于绵延数千年的中华传统文化。从《诗经》到《论语》,屡屡出现如“雅道”、 “雅致”、 “雅业”、“雅趣”等审美命题。“雅”多用于描写和介绍文人,形容他们的清高风雅,因此极具文化的内隐性与象征意义。“雅致”即典雅精致,是中国古代上层文化、精英文化的代名词。时至明清,传统的文人士大夫仍然固守在雅致的世界中,大有“唯古雅是从”的倾向,而李渔却适时地挣脱出来,以雅致入理为追求,在“新奇”的道路上不断实践和探索,于是形成了一种雅俗共赏的造物美学思想。

  17. 《丹台玉案》版本考略%A brief textual research on circulated versions of Dan tai yu an (Jade Case Records of Red Stage)

    徐高; 竹剑平


    Dan tai yu an (Jade Case Records of Red Stage) was compiled by a doctor of the Ming Dynasty Sun Wenyin,including 6 volumes.This book involves Chinese internal medicine,paediatrics,gynaecology,external medicine,and Department of the sense organs (ENT) classified into 73 categories,each of which contains 80 kinds of disease.The total number of disease was 157.Each kind of disease is discussed under the order of etiology,syndrome,pulse condition and treatment.The range of traditional Chinese prescriptions in this book is rather extensive with its indications,administrations and modification of main prescriptions given concretely.Both internal and external treatment are included,and the individual drug and proved recipe are practical and effective,which is a significant reference to clinical practice.There are many versions of this book extant.According to our investigation and research,we replenished some information to the" General Catalogue of TCM Ancient Books",and at the same time,correct some mistakes,providing the basis for further collation and publishing.%《丹台玉案》系明末医家孙文胤汇辑成编,凡6卷.该书涉及内、儿、妇、外、五官诸科,分73门类,门下另各附病症80种,总收病种约157种,每种病证按因、证、脉、治的次序论述.选方较广泛,对于一些主方的适应症,用法及加减法,叙述比较具体,内服外治并重,单方验方多切实用,对临床实践有重要的参考价值.该书现存多种版本,经笔者调研考证,补充《中国中医古籍总目》中有关该书版本记载的内容,并订正部分错误,为该书整理及出版提供依据.

  18. Bodily Experience and Literary Construction---On Keywords in Yu Xiuhua's Poetry%身体经验与文学行旅--试论余秀华诗歌的关键词


    Taking body metaphors as the point of departure, Yu Xiuhua dissolves the boundary between body and mind in her po-etry and creates an embodied mindscape.Apart from deriving from body experience of moving, her poetry is rooted in feminine and regional experience, the above three of which interact with each other to form a unique net of poetic language.Lakoff and Johnson's relevant notions of conceptual metaphors and Julia Kristeva's concept of poetical language as a revolution offer theoretical basis for interpreting the beauties of scenes woven with mind and body, female subjectivity and nature in her poems.Moreover, the theoretical interpretations demonstrate that the poet expands the life consciousness in ways of constructing body metaphor, feminine subject consciousness and natural scene, and invokes an intimate revolt against the power order implied by male authori-ty and mainstream culture.%余秀华以身体隐喻作为观察核心,在诗歌中消融肉体和心录的界线,抒写出饱含情境的诗心景观。除了取材于情动于中的身体经验,她的诗歌亦根植于女性经验和乡土经验两个层面,这三者互为感应,形成独特的诗歌语言张力网。雷可夫和詹森的概念性隐喻视点和茱莉亚·克里斯蒂娃的诗性语言革命观为解读余秀华诗歌所流露出的身心景观之美、女性情感之美和自然之美提供了有力的理论依据,并进一步论证了诗人通过身体隐喻、女性主体意识和自然场景的构建,扩大生命意识的感知,运用诗歌语言完成了对男权和主流文化所暗指的强权秩序的亲密反叛。

  19. Shen-Qi-Jie-Yu-Fang has antidepressant effects in a rodent model of postpartum depression by regulating the immune organs and subsets of T lymphocytes

    Qu M


    Full Text Available Miao Qu,1 Qisheng Tang,1 Xiaoli Li,1 Ruizhen Zhao,1 Jingya Li,1 Hong Xu,2 Yushan Gao,2 Yingqiu Mao31Third Affiliated Hospital, 2School of Basic Medical Sciences, 3Center of Scientific Research, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Background: Shen-Qi-Jie-Yu-Fang (SJ Fang is a herbal preparation used in traditional Chinese medicine, and is a potentially important new therapeutic agent in postpartum depression (PPD. Previously, we have elucidated the effects of SJ Fang on hormone receptors and monoamine neurotransmitters involved in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal and hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axes in PPD rats. However, the immune-modulating effects of SJ Fang in PPD are still unknown. In this study, we explored the effects of SJ Fang on the immune organs and subsets of T lymphocytes in PPD rats.Methods: PPD was created in Sprague-Dawley rats by inducing hormone-simulated pregnancy followed by hormone withdrawal. After hormone withdrawal, the PPD rats were then treated with fluoxetine at 1, 2, and 4 weeks, and the SJ Fang rats were also treated at 1, 2, and 4 weeks. Depressive behavior in the rats was evaluated by the forced swim test, sucrose consumption test, and open field test. The thymus index and spleen index were calculated. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to identify pathological features in the thymus and spleen. CD3, CD4, and CD8 lymphocyte subsets were analyzed by flow cytometry.Results: Both fluoxetine and SJ Fang increased immobility time, sucrose consumption, an horizontal and vertical movements. After 4 weeks of treatment with fluoxetine or SJ Fang, the thymus index and spleen index were significantly higher than at baseline, and the morphology of the thymus and spleen were returning to normal. Two weeks after hormone withdrawal, subsets of T lymphocytes indicated a shift from immune activation to immune suppression, which was reversed by 4 weeks of treatment with fluoxetine or SJ

  20. Effect of Yi-nao-jie-yu decoction on γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor in the hippocampus and serum inflammatory factors in a rat model of poststroke anxiety

    Zhang W


    Full Text Available Wen Zhang,1 Ruizhen Zhao,1 Xiaoli Li,1 Xia Cui,1 Zijun Zhao,1 Yingqiu Mao,2 Fengzhi Wu,3 Qisheng Tang1 1Department of Encephalopathy, The Third Affiliated Hospital, 2Center of Scientific Research, 3Center of Journals, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Chaoyang District, Beijing, People’s Republic of China Background: The Yi-nao-jie-yu decoction (YNJYD is a herbal preparation widely used in the clinics of traditional Chinese medicine and has been recently used as an important new therapeutic agent in poststroke anxiety (PSA. The neuroendocrine–immune system plays an important role in PSA mechanisms, although the modulating effects of YNJYD remain unknown. This study investigated the potential effects of YNJYD on the neuroendocrine–immune system in a rat model of PSA.Materials and methods: The PSA model was induced by injecting collagenase (type VII into the right globus pallidus, accompanied by empty water bottle stimulation for 2 weeks. The sham group and the PSA model group were gavaged with saline, while the treatment groups received buspirone (BuSpar or YNJYD. Behavior was evaluated with the open field test and elevated plus maze once a week. Pathological changes were observed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor, interleukin (IL-6, adrenocorticotropic hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, free triiodothyronine, free thyroxine, IL-1α, and cortisol were detected by radioimmunoassay. Expression of the γ-aminobutyric acid type A receptor (GABAAR α2 subunit was examined by Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction.Results: YNJYD-treated rats exhibited significantly better recovery than BuSpar-treated rats at 21 days and 28 days in the open field test and elevated plus maze. Hematoxylin and eosin staining revealed neural repair in the hippocampus in the treatment groups. Serum levels of IL-1α in the YNJYD group were significantly less than those in the model group and the Bu

  1. The Characters' Fates in Yu Hua's Novel"on the Seventh Day"%浅析余华小说《第七天》中的人物命运



    Yu Hua's novel"seventh day"is a masterpiece after"Brothers","Brothers"after the novel tells the story of the hero Yang Fei, as an office clerk, after the death of seven-day experience, which is seven days souls experience. From the perspective of the whole narrative, the novel itself reflects one from folk customs-the first seven! That is, each person after death, will be in the form of disembodied spirits exist in the real world seven times in seven days time, as human souls must be completed when the entity through which the journey and experience, which in the folk the statement called"lifetime sun between the footprints have seized", otherwise, this person is not able to participate in reincarnation, will never be able to bounce back.%余华的长篇小说《第七天》是继《兄弟》之后的又一部力作,小说讲述了主人公杨飞,作为一名公司的小职员,死后七天的经历,也就是七天的游魂经历。从整个叙事的角度上来说,小说本身体现出了一种来自民间的习俗--头七!即,每个人在死亡之后,都会以游魂的形式存在于现实世界里七天的时间,在这七天的时间里,游魂必须走完作为实体的人时所经过的路程和经历,这在民间的说法叫“把生前阳间的脚印都要捡走”,否则,这个人是不能够参加轮回的,将永远不能超生。

  2. 河北蔚县地区人群痛风和高尿酸血症现状调查%Epidemiological Study on Hyperuricemia and Gout in Community of Yu County in Hebei Province

    崔淑芬; 王晓东; 田志莲; 魏合成; 田秀娟; 尹玉圣


    Objective To investigate the prevalence of hyperuricemia and gout in community of Yu County in Hebei Province, and explore the relevance between hyperuricemia and body mass index (BMI), systolic pressure, plasma cholesterol, triglyceride and fasting blood-glucose.Methods A random stratified cluster sampling was conducted, and 7,083 inhabitants aged over 20 years were investigated for prevalence of hyperuricemia and gout. Results①Blood uric acid level and hyperuricemia situation: The mean blood uric acid level was (345.43±68.52)μmol/L, (371.82±78.22)μmmol/L in the male and (315.28±73.67)μmmol/L in the female. The total incidence of hyperuricemia was 15.40%, 16.88% in men and 10.83% in women.②Incidence situation of gout: The number of patients suffering from gout was 125, gout prevalence rate was 1.76%, including 113 men (2.11%), 12 women (0.70%).③Compared with normal uric acid group, the body mass index and systolic pressure were higher, the blood level of plasma cholesterol, triglyceride and fasting blood-glucose were higher in hyperuricemia group. Conclusion The prevalence of hyperuricemia and gout in community of Yu County in Hebei Province was higher than other districts in China. The rate of over-weighted, hyperlipidemia, hypertension and diabetes was higher in hyperuricemia group. All these suggested hyperuricemia, as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, hyperuricemia prevalence rate is still continuing to rise, and hyperuricemia has become a major hazard to human health risks.%目的:调查河北省蔚县居民高尿酸血症与痛风的流行情况,并观察高尿酸血症与体重指数、收缩压、血浆胆固醇、甘油三脂和空腹血糖的相关性。方法采用随机、分层、整群抽样的方法,调查了该县各地区7,083名20岁以上居民的高尿酸血症和痛风的患病情况。结果①血尿酸水平及高尿酸血症情况:总体血尿酸水平为(345.43±68.52)μmol/L,其中男性为(371.82±78.22

  3. 羽调音乐对大学生恐惧情绪的缓解作用%Effect of the Yu-tone music to reduction of fear emotion

    王金芳; 张宁


    目的 探讨羽调音乐对恐惧情绪的缓解作用.方法 招募72名大学生通过观看恐怖影片片断诱发恐惧情绪,后听音乐或休息,分别比较两者的生理指标、主观体验指标间的差异.结果 当被试产生恐惧情绪后,与安静休息相比[分别为(0.96±1.64)1/Ω,(0.85±1.73)min-1,(4.48±43.54)μV,(-5±15.37)min-1],听羽调音乐引起皮肤电阻、呼吸频率、肌电、心率[分别为(2.04±2.22)1/Ω,(0.09±1.79)min-1,(8.47±26.24) μV,(1.57±20.88)min-1]更大的下降,差异有显著性 ( P <0.01,P <0.01,P <0.01,P <0.05).当被试产生恐惧情绪后,与安静休息相比[分别为(-0.37±2.71)μV,(0.13±1.16)℃],听羽调音乐引起血容波幅、指温[分别为(-0.53±3.8)μV,(-0.02±0.87)℃]更大的上升,差异无显著性( P >0.05,P >0.05).结论 听羽调音乐相比安静休息更能促进恐惧情绪的恢复,降低交感神经系统的兴奋性,提高副交感神经的功能,且提升个体愉快和平静等正性情绪体验和认知.%Objective To explore the effect of the Yu-tone music to reduction of fear emotion. Methods 72 undergraduate students listened to Yu-tone Music or had a rest for ten minutes after elicitation of fear emotion by film clip;and measured from autonomic nerves system include skin conduction,BVP amplitude,heart rate,respiration,finger temperature and self-report subjective experience. Result 1.Compared with silence[(0.96±1.64)1/Ω,(0.85±1.73)min-1,(4.48±43.54)μV,(-5±15.37)min-1],music was associated with a significantly decreased skin resistance,respiration rate,heart rate and myoelectricity after fear emotion[(2.04±2.22)1/Ω,(0.09±1.79)min-1,(8.47±26.24) μV,(1.57±20.88) min-1,P <0.01,P <0.01,P <0.01,P <0.05]; 2.Compared with silence[(-0.37±2.71)μV, (0.13±1.16) ℃ ],music was enlarged BVP amplitude and skin temperature[(-0.53±3.8)μV,(-0.02±0.87)℃],but there was no significant difference( P >0.05,P >0.05).Conclusion Music advance the restore of

  4. Research on Diaries of Modern Chinese Writers: Examples of Hu Shi, Lu Xun and Yu Dafu%现代作家日记研究——以胡适、鲁迅、郁达夫为例



    s diaries hardly present us with any narration of his mind and personal emotion, we still could trace some critical clues and ev- idence for his literary life of that time. Due to many odd and simple narrations in Lu Xun' s diaries, one must associate these diary elements with his or other people' s essays in order to know more about a certain historical event. Diaries written by Yu Dafu( 1896 -1945 ) could be viewed as some meaningful texts of both "dairy literature" and "life record". As a very honest writer, Yu Dafu intended to "unveil all the curtains of his privacy", and thus he so far provided us with a great many first-hand reference materials for studying him. His diaries were also written in a story'teller' s manner, but rich in literary flavor, such as plots, scenes, and protagonists. They could be regarded no more than diaries but masterpieces of literary prose in modem Chinese literature.

  5. The Narration about the True Civilian Life in the Native Literature--Take Two Books,"Alive"and"the Blood-selling Legend of Xu Sanguan", of Yu Hua as Examples%乡土文学本真的平民生存叙事*--以余华《活着》《许三观卖血记》为例



    Yu Hua adheres to people-oriented native narration. In this article, the native novels,"Alive"and"the Blood-selling Legend of Xu Sanguan", of Yu Hua will be regarded as texts. According to the following three aspects--narrative visual angle, narrative content, and narrative utterance of civilian life, this paper will analyze how the narration about the true civilian life in the native literature reconstructed.%余华坚守以人为本体的乡土叙事。本文将以余华的乡土长篇小说《活着》《许三观卖血记》为个案文本,通过平民生存的叙事视角、叙事内容、叙事话语三方面,分析作家余华的乡土文本如何重构了乡土文学本真的平民生存叙事。

  6. Belief for Two Loyal Officials and Adoration for Han Yu --Cultural Interpretations of the Settlement of Two Loyal Officials' Temple in Chaoshan Area%“双忠”信仰与韩愈崇拜——“双忠”庙祀落户潮汕地区的文化阐释



    唐代“双忠”张巡、许远二人享祀于非亲非故的僻远的潮汕地区,成为战神和保护神而受到人民的尊崇,形成一种独特的民俗信仰文化。究其因,与韩愈刺潮后而形成的韩愈崇拜密切相关,尊韩文化热孵化出“双忠”崇拜文化,韩愈的崇文兴教,滋润了“双忠”赖以生存的忠义土壤。%Two loyal officials of Tang Dynasty, Zhang Xun and Xu Yuan, venerated by people for being Mars and guardian, were given memorial ceremonies in remote Chaoshan area, where they had neither relatives nor friends, forming a particular kind of culture of folk custom belief. It is closely concerned with the adoration for Han Yu shaped after his being Ci Shi in Chaozhou. The culture of adoration for two loyal officals was engendered by the upsurge of Honoring-Han Yu Culture and the two loyal officals were impacted by Han Yu' s highlight for culture and education.

  7. 朱载堉才是“需求层次理论”的鼻祖--且更独特,更显棋高一着%It States that It was the Chinese Scientist Zhu Zai Yu in Ming Dynasty that Firstly PutForward the Hierarchy Theory of Needs---Which was Superior and More Unique



    Academics in the past consider the American psychologist Abraham Maslow as the founder of the hierarchy theory of needs. However,the latest study results from the author have overthrown such kind of biases.It states that it was the chinese scientist Zhu Zai Yu in Ming dynasty that firstly put forward the hierarchy theory of needs which was about 360 years as earlier as Maslow.Also ,the knowledgement from Zhu Zai Yu is suoerior and more unique than that from Maslow.%以往学术界都把美国心理学家马斯洛奉为需求层次理论的鼻祖;但最新的研究成果,彻底推翻了这一陈见,认为中国明朝的科学家朱载堉才是需求层次理论的鼻祖,比美国人马斯洛还要早约三百六十多年,且朱载堉对需求层次的认知,要比马斯洛更独特,更显棋高一着。

  8. 身体超验与诗学探索--以20世纪90年代余怒诗歌作例的考察%Physical Transcendentalism and Poetic Exploration-A Probe into YU Nu’ s Poetry in the 1990 s



    余怒诗歌在语言本体意识中不断探索当代诗歌的发展,融合现代的都市、乡土经验,不断进行自我的形而上学的追问与探索;利用现代西方的表现技巧,从语言处入手,最终又与思想交融,进行了魔幻现实主义、超验主义、超现实主义等话语实践,使得他成为20世纪90年代诗歌书写中不可复制的一个重要个案,他的重心呈现都市经验与语言本体意义的诗意创造。%By integrating modern urban and rural experiences, YU Nu’ s poems constantly explore modern poetic development with linguistic ontological consciousness, metaphysically questioning and probing into his self.By making use of modern western expressive skills, YU Nu starts from language, and ends in mentality fusion, committing himself to various discourse practices, including magic realism, transcendentalism, surrealism and so on.By focusing on poetical presentation of urban experience and linguistic ontology significance, he already becomes an irreplaceable figure in 1990s’ poetic composition.

  9. 羅振玉日本教育考察與晚清學制制定的關係 Chen-Yu Lo’ Educational Visit to Japan and the Drafting of School Systems in Late Ch’ing

    周愚文 Yu-Wen Chou


    Full Text Available 羅振玉早年關心農業與教育,曾辦東文學社教日語,出版《農報》,譯農書,故受張之洞聘請,掌湖北農務局及農學堂。1901年辛丑詔改各省書院為學堂,獲張之洞與劉坤一共薦率員考察日本教育兩個月。先後訪談重要政教人物,參訪東京、京都、奈良等地學校24所,蒐購中小學教科書及理化器材。因時短、行程緊湊及語言限制,未讀前人考察紀錄,自認收穫有限。返國後,他曾獲張之洞五次接見,並命向鄂官員講說教育。又代張之洞擬教育制度草案欲與劉督會奏,但因劉屬官反對遂寢。他遂出版訪日紀錄及資料,並發表〈學制私議〉等文建議興學,部分被鄂參採。當朝廷擬訂壬寅及癸卯學制時,羅未參與而資料只供參考,但章程規定中小學堂學科八科及小學堂以學國語為主等二項,可能與其建議有關。隨行陳毅曾譯日教育法規並兩度遊日,起草奏定章程時,當不會只憑文獻閉門造車,但主政者乏直接經驗,故教育借用日制時難盡合國情。 Chen-Yu Lo had concern about agriculture and education. He was invited by Governor-General Chih-tung Chang to preside over the Agriculture Department of Hubei and its Agriculture School. In 1901, ordered by Chang and Governor-General Kun-I Liu, he led a group of delegates to visit educational institutions in Japan. Within two months, he discussed with influential politicians and educators, visited 24 schools in Tokyo, Kyoto, and Nara, and purchased elementary and secondary school textbooks and laboratory equipments. When he returned, he had five meetings with Chang, and lectured on education for Hubei officials. On behalf of Chang, Lo had drafted a new educational system, and it was to be presented to the throne by Chang and Liu, however, the proposal was withdrawn due to the objections of Liu’s subordinates. Later, Lo made the collected

  10. 益气涤痰化瘀方对哮喘小鼠气道炎症及Th1/Th2平衡的影响%Effects of YiQi DiTan HuaYu Formula on Th1/Th2 Balance and Airway Inflammation of Mice with Asthma

    赵文娟; 袁嘉丽; 陈静; 邢海晶; 韩妮萍


    目的:探讨益气涤痰化瘀方对哮喘小鼠气道炎症及Th1/Th2平衡的调节作用。方法:将SPF级BALB/c雌性小鼠50只随机分为正常对照组、哮喘模型组,益气涤痰化瘀方低、中、高剂量组。采用卵清白蛋白(OVA)腹腔注射及雾化激发法构建哮喘模型,益气涤痰化瘀方干预治疗。观察各组小鼠行为学改变;制作肺组织病理切片行镜下观察;收集肺泡灌洗液(BALF)进行白细胞总数及分类计数;取小鼠血清以ELISA法检测IFN-γ、IL-4的变化。结果:1)与哮喘模型组比较,药物干预组哮喘症状有所减轻,肺组织炎性细胞浸润减轻;2)益气涤痰化瘀方中剂量组小鼠BALF中白细胞总数和嗜酸性粒细胞(EOS)、中性粒细胞(NEU)、淋巴细胞(LYM)分类计数较哮喘模型组减少(P<0.05);3)与哮喘模型组比较,益气涤痰化瘀方高、中剂量组小鼠血清IFN-γ浓度升高(P<0.05),IL-4浓度降低(P<0.05)。结论:益气涤痰化瘀方可对免疫细胞Th2优势所致的免疫失衡状态进行调节,恢复Th1/Th2平衡;益气涤痰化瘀方可能通过调节机体平衡而减轻哮喘急性气道炎性病变,从而起到防治哮喘的作用。%Objective:To observe the adjustment of YiQi DiTan HuaYu formula to Th1/Th2 balance and air-way inflammation of mice with asthma. Methods:Fifty SPF BALB/c female mice were randomized into normal con-trol group, asthma model group, high, moderate and low dosages groups of YiQi DiTan HuaYu formula. The mice models were established through peritoneal injection of ovalbumin (OVA) and atomization-excited method, and they were intervened by YiQi DiTan HuaYu formula. To observe behavioral changes of the mice in different groups;to prepare pathological section of the lung and observe the section under the microscope; to count total white blood cells and classifications after collecting broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF);to draw the serum from the mice and to

  11. 中药生精逐瘀汤联合手术治疗精索静脉曲张不育症患者的疗效观察%Clinical efficacy of Chinese traditional medicine Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang combined with operation in the treatment of patients with varicocele

    何思挺; 陈乐仲; 黄常青; 田小园; 陈球; 刘向崇


    Objective To observe the clinical effect of Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang for treating infertile patients with varicocele after varicocelectomy. Methods Eighty patients with varicocele were randomly divided into two groups, the experimental group (n=40) and control group (n=40). Patients in the experimental group took Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang after the operation, while those in the control group underwent operation only. The semen quality, sex hormone in the peripheral blood (testosterone, luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone), and the pregnancy rate of their spouse were observed before operation, 3 and 6 months after operation. Results The semen quality, peripheral blood testosterone and the pregnancy rate of their spouse in the experimental group were significantly better than those in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion Sheng Jing Zhu Yu Tang could enhance the quality of sperm and semen in infertile patients with varicocele after varicocelectomy, improve and regulate their reproductive hormone disturbance to increase the pregnancy rate of their spouses.%目的 观察中药生精逐淤汤对精索静脉曲张不育患者手术后治疗的临床疗效.方法 将精索静脉曲张不育症患者80例随机分为实验组和对照组,各40例,实验组手术后予结合生精逐瘀汤治疗,对照组予单纯手术治疗.观察两组患者术前、术后3个月、6个月精液质量、外周血性激素(睾酮、黄体生成素和卵泡刺激素)以及配偶受孕率的情况.结果 实验组精液各参数、外周血T及术后配偶自然怀孕率均有明显提高,优于对照组(P<0.05).结论 生精逐淤汤对精索静脉曲张不育术后患者有提高精液质量、改善和调节生殖内分泌激素失调、增加配偶受孕率的作用.

  12. A double blind randomized study of Shu Gan Jie Yu capsule combined with mosapride in the treatment of senile functional constipation%舒肝解郁胶囊合并莫沙必利治疗老年功能性便秘的随机双盲对照研究



    目的:探讨舒肝解郁胶囊合并莫沙必利对老年功能性便秘的临床治疗效果。方法:本研究设计使用随机双盲对照研究的方法。入组老年功能性便秘患者共68例,将患者随机分为研究组34例和对照组34例。研究组使用莫沙必利辅以舒肝解郁胶囊治疗,对照组使用莫沙必利治疗。两组分别治疗4周。观察两组治疗前后的排便次数和大便性状,并对排便困难症状进行评分。结果:与对照组比较,研究组治疗后的排便次数明显增加,大便性状改善显著(P<0.05)。两组排便困难症状评分均下降(P<0.05),但研究组与对照组组间比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论:舒肝解郁胶囊能辅助莫沙必利减轻老年功能性便秘患者的症状。%Objective:To investigate the clinical therapeutic effect of Shu Gan Jie Yu capsule combined with mosapride in the treatment of senile functional constipation.Methods:In this study we used a randomized double-blind controlled clinical trial.68 patients with senile functional constipation were randomly divided into the study group and the control group with 34 cases in each.Study group used Mosapride combined with Shu Gan Jie Yu capsule treatment,and the control group only used mosapride. Both of the two groups were treated for 4 weeks.Then we observed the stool frequency and stool in the two groups before and after the treatment,and scored the defecate difficulty symptom.Results:When compared with the control group,the defecation frequency of the study group was significantly increased,and the stool was also significantly improved(P0.05).Conclusion:Shu Gan Jie Yu capsule combined with mosapride in the treatment of senile functional constipation can improve their assist symptoms.

  13. A Study of the Relationship between Wuyue Culture and the National Culture of Japan from a Diffusion to the East and the Changes to Yu Sacrifices%从"禹祭"的东传及流变看吴越文化与日本民族文化的渊源关系



    大禹被吴越地区民众作为治水英雄的神话广为歌颂,称为"地王"受到祭祀,俗称"禹祭".日本亦有相似的神话,流传于日本最大的河流——利根川流域,神话的主人公被称作"土神之母"受到民间祭拜,俗称"泥祭".种种迹象表明",泥祭"脱胎于"禹祭"",土母治水"源于"大禹治水",从中发现,吴越文化早在古代就已经传播到当时还被称为"岛夷"的日本.但是,同一治水神话,日本民众的祭祀方式与吴越地区民众的祭祀方法也很不一样,它经过日本民族的再创造之后,早已远离原型,成为本民族特有的神话,唯留有原神话若干因子而已.%Da Yu was widely praised as a hero who fought the floods in the Wuyue region, where he was known as"God of the Land", and where the sacrifices to this God are known as Yu sacrifices. In Japan, there are similar myths along the course of the river Tonegawa. The hero is named"Mother of the Land God", and sacrifices are made by people during Mud sacrifices. Evidence shows that Mmud sacrifices come from Yu sacrifices, just as the myth of the fight with floods by Mother of Land God comes from the myth of the fight with floods by Dayu. It can be concluded that in ancient times, Wuyue culture influenced ancient Japan although the specifics of ceremony changed over the subsequent years. Because of the innovation by Japanese people, these myths and sacrifices journeyed far from the originals, and became a unique myth of Japan which still reflects shadows of the original.

  14. Clinical Observation on Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis by Only Sodium Hyaluronate and Its Combination with JieDu XiaoYu Ointment%玻璃酸钠单独使用与联合解毒消瘀膏治疗膝骨性关节炎疗效观察

    王想福; 石瑞芳; 武纪玲; 赵军; 孔令俊; 谭小花


    Objective:To observe the clinical curative effect of JieDu XiaoYu ointment combined with sodi-umhyaluronate on knee osteoarthritis. Methods: All 60 patients were randomized into the research and control groups with 30 cases in each, sodium hyaluronate was injected to patients of control group in articular cavity while the combination of JieDu XiaoYu ointment with sodium hyaluronate were administered to the cases of research group;one course of treatment is 4 weeks in both groups and the therapeutic effects presented from osteoarthritis indexes were assessed by WOMAC. Results: The total effective rate in research group was 83.33% significantly better than that of 53.33%in control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:The curative effect of JieDu XiaoYu ointment combined with sodium hyaluronate in treating knee osteoarthritis is superior to that of the pure injection of sodium hyaluronate in articular cavity.%目的:观察解毒消瘀膏联合玻璃酸钠治疗膝关节骨性关节炎的临床疗效。方法:将门诊就诊的膝关节骨性关节炎患者60例随机分为对照组和研究组各30例,对照组采用玻璃酸钠关节腔注射治疗,研究组采用解毒消瘀膏膝关节外敷配合玻璃酸钠关节腔注射治疗,2组治疗4周为1个疗程,采用WOMAC骨性关节炎指数评分评价疗效。结果:研究组总有效率为83.33%,疗效明显优于对照组的53.33%(P<0.05)。结论:解毒消瘀膏外敷配合玻璃酸钠关节腔注射治疗膝关节炎疗效优于单纯采用玻璃酸钠关节腔注射。

  15. 晚清《论语》诠释路径之考察--以刘恭冕《论语述》为中心%The Methodological Study of The Analects of Confucius in the Late Qing Dynasty---The Investigation of Liu Gongmian’s Account for Lun Yu Centered



    With the rise of the Changzhou School in the late Qing Dynasty, many Confucianists gradually began to ease the gap between Han Dynasty and Song Dynasty of learning, and the reform and change in Han learning sprung up. Within the study of Confucius classics, there was an upsurge of Gongyang to explain Confucius classics, especially famous for the collection of the Analects Note. For Liu Fenglu’s Lun Yu Shu He, many descendants criticized it because it was far-fetched. Compared with Lun Yu Shu He, Liu Gongmian’s Lun Yu Zhu Xun had many merits, such as it was conscientiously sum up, it could demonstrate deep meaning, it had its own conclusion, and it could convince people because of rigorously argument. Liu identified the“Crownless King” righteous of the present era, and produce a fusion of matter and reason. Therefore, he became unique in the group of studying the Analects in the Gongyang period in the late Qing Dynasty, which played a very important role for those who do research on Analects and should be affirmed.%随着晚清常州公羊学派的兴起,诸儒逐渐开始舒缓汉宋之防,汉学的自我更新亦随之兴起。经学研究内部出现了一股以《公羊》解《论语》的热潮,尤以辑录何休《论语注训》为盛。其中,刘逢禄的《论语述何》被后人批评为师心自用,而有“郢书燕说”之讥;相比之下,刘恭冕的《论语注训》,或兢兢于辑录,或引申其说,间裁断于己,而又论证严谨,令人信服。刘氏以朴实的乾嘉学风为根基,去认同今文家的素王大义,故而产生一种事与理的融通,在晚清群经公羊化学潮中独树一帜,并对后学产生一定影响,应予肯定。

  16. The Forgotten Great War: Viewpoint of a Political Scientist. Book review: Russia in the Great War of 1914-1918. The images and texts / ed. by A. K. Sorokin, A. Yu. Shutov ; auth.-comp. K. M. Anderson, et al. – Moscow : Politicheskaya entsik

    Pankratov Sergey Anatolyevich


    Full Text Available This publication is a review of the book Russia in the Great War of 1914-1918. The images and texts, prepared by the team of authors and edited by A.K. Sorokin and A.Yu. Shutov in the context of joint activity of the Russian Society of Political Scientists,Faculty of Political Science of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Russian State Archive of Social and Political History. The reviewer characterizes the specifics of the publication which represents an attempt to reveal the atmosphere of the century-old events, semantic plots, images of people and their actions through the photographs from the pages of periodicals, posters and cartoons, leaflets and official documents of the First World War.

  17. “日常生活”与“闲情偶寄”——列斐伏尔和李渔“日常生活世界”之比较%"Daily life" and "Xian Qing Ou Ji"——comparison of "dailylife world" in Henri Lefebvre and Li Yu

    彭洲飞; 李佳裔


    Henri Lefebver is the pioneer of the daily life theory,while Li Yu is the initiator of the daily life arrangement in ancient times of China.Both of them focus their eyes on the daily life's new world,finding the beauty and arts there.There exist the differences that Lefebver's contribution to Marxism is to expand and apply the alienation of Marx to daily life of capitalism society with aim to get rid of the alienation;while Li Yu mainly states how to arrange our daily life affairs more effectively and scientifically so as to enjoy the life.%列斐伏尔是日常生活理论的开拓者,李渔是编撰中国古代"日常生活指南"第一人。两人都把视野投射在日常生活的新天地,发现了其中的美、其中的艺术。不同的是,列斐伏尔是把马克思异化劳动理论拓展、运用到资本主义社会日常生活领域,寻求人摆脱异化之路;李渔是要告知人们如何简便实用、科学有效地安排生活起居事宜,进而享受生活的闲情和惬意。

  18. 狂欢与规训--大众文化视域下的“余秀华诗歌现象”%Revelry and discipline:the phenomenon about YuXiuhua’s poetry from the perspective of mass culture



    YuXiuhua’s poetry, which has become unexpectedly popular through WeChat, symbolizes an end to the self-sufficient private writing as well as an entry into the field of mass culture, which is full of various sounds, consumption law, discourse power and identity code. At the same time, network community has directed carnival poetry which gains much attention from the mainstream media and publishers. In some sense, Yu Xiuhua’s poetry has undergone a process from writing for herself to writing for others, from silence to hubbub and from resistance to fusion, in which the folk standpoint and grass-root writing of her poetry have been obscured and disciplined.%在微信朋友圈中意外走红的余秀华诗歌,告别了自足自为的私性书写,进入到众声喧哗的大众文化场域。在这个杂合着消费法则、话语权力、身份符码的场域里,上演了一场网络社群的诗学狂欢,进而获得了主流媒体和出版机构的关注。从自为到共谋,从沉默到喧嚣,从抵抗到融合,余秀华诗歌的民间立场和草根书写的意义在某种程度上被遮蔽与规训。

  19. 东西方女性主义艺术思潮的异同分析--以弗里达和喻红作品艺术风貌为例%An Analysis on Similarities and Differences between Eastern and Western Feminist Art Trends-Taking Art Styles of Works by Frida Kahlo and Yu Hong as Case Studies

    张嘉博; 王洪章


    墨西哥现代女艺术家弗里达卡洛与中国当代女性画家喻红,他们二人的艺术实践无论是在创作理念还是在作品格调上都具有某种程度的相似性,但由于东西方在艺术审美经验上的根本差异,又使得两人作品的艺术风貌呈现出较为明显的区别。弗里达卡洛以女性对个体生命的独特体验来表现充满异域风情的墨西哥民族画风,喻红通过描绘个体生命的成长历程反映当代社会快速的时代变迁,重新界定了个人在社会群体中的角色定位。%Mexico modern female artist Frida Kahlo and Chinese contemporary female painter Yu Hong, whose art practice have certain similarities both in creation concept and works style, however,the fundamental differences between eastern and western art aesthetic experiences make their works have more obvious differences in art style.Frida Kahlo expresses the Mexican national style full of exotic culture through women’ s unique experience on individual life, while Yu Hong reflects contemporary rapid social era change by depic-ting the growth course of individual life to redefine the role of the individual in the society.

  20. Influence de la Chine sur la culture francaise (2 fin)


    IV. L'histoire de Hong Yu et les autres. Déjà au XVIéme siécle, Montaigne avait introduit la China dans la littérature francaise. Aprés lui, les jésuites ont accordé une grande importance à la traduction des textes classiques chinois. Parmi les premiéres oeuvres littéraires présentées en France, citons d'abord Yu Jiao Li《玉娇梨》et Hao Qiu Zhuan 《好裘传》.

  1. Professor Liu Shih-hao and the First Case Study of Insulinoma in China

    Da-ming Zhang; Nai-shi Li


    @@ I NSULINOMA is the most common cause of hvoogivcemia.Altnouan it is a rare disease,tnere has been a sionincant progress in its aiaonosis along with the technology development.A set of diagnostic criteria for insulinoma has been internationally recognized,consisting of qualitative diagnosis and level diagnosis,the former one of which means the patients have to demonstrate hypoglycemia and hyperinsulinemia at the same time.1 For determination of the location of insulinoma,several new methods have been developed including ultrasonic endoscope,somatostatin receptor scintigraphy,and pancreas perfusion CT.

  2. Antioxidant Activities of Various Extracts from Artemisisa selengensis Turcz (LuHao

    Yan Chen


    Full Text Available The antioxidant activities of the various extracts and fractions from the herbs of Artemisia selegensis Turcz (AST were investigated by in vitro and in vivo assays. FRAP, DPPH and ABTS assays were used to evaluate the antioxidant activities of the extracts/fractions in vitro. The effect of water extract (WE in reducing oxidative stress in male mice was evaluated. Phenolic acid compounds contribute significantly to the antioxidant activity. From the results of three in vitro antioxidant assays, WE was found to have the highest antioxidant activity, and among the WE subfractions, the water soluble fraction has a significant antioxidant activity. The in vivo antioxidant assay results showed that high doses of WE significantly decrease the MDA level compared to normal diet and D-(+ galactose group (p < 0.05, and the SOD activity of mice given a high dose of WE was the highest. These in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated that the extracts, especially the WE from AST, have significant antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities. In summary, we propose that AST could be potentially used as a rich source of natural antioxidants.

  3. EpCAM aptamer-functionalized polydopamine-coated mesoporous silica nanoparticles loaded with DM1 for targeted therapy in colorectal cancer

    Li, Yang; Duo, Yanhong; Bao,Shiyun; He, Lisheng; Ling, Kai; Luo, Jinfeng; Zhang, Yue; Huang, Hao; Zhang,Han; Yu, Xiaofang


    Yang Li,1,* Yanhong Duo,2,3,* Shiyun Bao,1 Lisheng He,4 Kai Ling,5 Jinfeng Luo,4 Yue Zhang,1 Hao Huang,2 Han Zhang,2 Xiaofang Yu1 1Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreas Surgery, Second Clinical Medical College of Jinan University, Shenzhen People’s Hospital, 2Shenzhen Engineering Laboratory of Phosphorene and Optoelectronics, Collaborative Innovation Center for Optoelectronic Science and Technology, Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Devices and Systems of Ministry of Education an...

  4. Computer-aided classification of lung nodules on computed tomography images via deep learning technique

    Hua KL; Hsu CH; Hidayati SC; Cheng WH; Chen YJ


    Kai-Lung Hua,1 Che-Hao Hsu,1 Shintami Chusnul Hidayati,1 Wen-Huang Cheng,2 Yu-Jen Chen3 1Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, 2Research Center for Information Technology Innovation, Academia Sinica, 3Department of Radiation Oncology, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan Abstract: Lung cancer has a poor prognosis when not diagnosed early and unresectable lesions are present. The management of small lung nodules ...

  5. Large Scale Visual Recognition


    Sanjeev Satheesh, and Hao Su. I thank my colleagues, Barry Chai, Jia Li, Juan Carlos Niebles, Olga Russakovsky, Min Sun, Zhe Wang , and Bangpeng Yao...Fergus et al. explore semi-supervised learning on 126 hand labeled Tiny Images categories [83] and Wang et al. show classification on a maximum of 315...natural scene categories. In: CVPR06. (2006) [16] Wang , J., Yang, J., Yu, K., Lv, F., Huang, T., Gong, Y.: Locality-constrained linear coding for image

  6. 基于数据挖掘技术的俞景茂教授诊治小儿遗尿的规律研究%Analysis on Professor Yu Jingmao’s Medication Rules for Treating Childhood Enuresis Based on Database and Data Mining

    邬思远; 季聪华; 陈华; 吴龙涛; 蒋燕华; 王珊珊


    [目的]探讨俞景茂教授治疗小儿遗尿的诊疗规律和学术经验。[方法]收集俞景茂教授诊治小儿遗尿的门诊病案,利用 EpiData软件建设病案数据库,采用Clementine12.0,运用关联规则Apriori算法对症候和药物出现的频次,以及药物之间的相互关联性进行统计分析,并结合临床实践,分析并总结俞景茂教授治疗小儿遗尿的诊治规律。[结果]统计分析显示舌淡红、夜尿不约、眠深难醒等十项症候为高频症候,炙甘草、菟丝子、巴戟天等二十味药物为高频药物,菟丝子、黄芪、白术、巴戟天等九味药物为核心药物,提示俞景茂教授在诊治小儿遗尿中重在补肾、健脾和开窍。[结论]通过数据挖掘方法,有效总结了俞景茂教授在小儿遗尿方面的诊疗思路和临床经验,该方法的应用对于挖掘名老中医临床经验具有重要的价值。%Objective] To investigate professor Yu Jingmao’s medication rules and clinical experience for treating childhood enuresis. [Methods] Outpatient prescriptions of treating childhood enuresis were collected and database was established relying on Software EpiData. The usage frequency of drug, syndrome manifestations and the correlations between them were analyzed by using clementine 12.0 software and association rules, such as Apriori. Also, clinical experience was taken into consideration to analyse characteristic in treating childhood enuresis. [Results] Ten syndrome manifestations are frequently existed, for example, pink tongue, childhood enuresis and hard to awake. Twenty herbs are frequently existed, for example, Zhi-gancao, Tu-sizi and Ba-jitian. There are nine core herbs, like Tu-sizi, Huang-qi, Bai-shu and Ba-jitian. Professor Yu Jingmao prefers to tonify kidney and spleen and wake up from sleep in treatment.[Conclusion]The experience for treating childhood enuresis of professor Yu Jingmao is concluded according to data mining. And it

  7. Research on the Leading Industry Selection of Ecological Environment: Take Cheng-Yu Economic Zone as an Example%面向生态环境的主导产业选择研究——以成渝经济区为例

    肖红艳; 袁兴中; 李波; 曹慧; 廖正军


    区域经济与生态环境保护协调发展是当代研究的热点.为了保证区域经济发展与生态环境协同共进,对区域经济发展核心和支柱的主导产业的选择必须基于生态环境的考量.本文综合考虑产业资源环境效益、经济效益、社会效益,构建了面向生态环境的主导产业选择指标体系,包括生态环境指数、经济规模指数、产品市场指数、经济效益指数、社会效益指数以及行业关联效应指数,并以成渝经济区为研究对象,运用熵值法和投入产出模型等方法进行定量综合比选.在结合研究区域发展要求的基础上,结果确定成渝经济区主导产业为装备制造业、食品制造和加工业及电力、燃气及水资源生产和供应业.%The coordinated development of the environment and the economy is a focus these days. In order to coordinate the regional economic development and eco-environmental conservation, the leading industry, being the core and pillar of the regional economic development, must be selected based on ecological environment. Considering the economical, social, and ecological efficiencies of industries, a six sets of index system consist of eco-environment index, scale economical index, market index, economic benefit index, social benefit index and correlation degree was established on the basis of leading industry selection principles and criterion for leading industry selection under the constraints of ecological environment, and in accordance with regional development requirements, the leading industry of the Cheng-Yu economic zone was analyzed by entropy method and input-output method. The results showed that, the comprehensive indexes of equipment manufacturing industry, food manufacturing and processing industries, and electric power, gas & water production and supply were determined as leading industries of Cheng-Yu economic zone.

  8. Problems of and Solutions to the Chinese -English Translation of Public Signs of Scenic Spots in Fuzhou---A Case Study of Mount Yu Scenic Spot%福州市景区公示语英译存在的问题及对策--以福州市于山风景区为例



    Fuzhou plays a leading role in the construction of the west side of the Taiwan Straits.With the ongoing cultural ex-changes and expanding international influence,Fuzhou has attracted an increasing amount of foreigners to come for traveling and sightseeing.Therefore,it is significant for the public signs of scenic spots to be correct.This thesis takes Fuzhou Mount Yu Scenic Spot as an example and analyzes the problems of and solutions to C -E translation of public signs of scenic spots in Fuzhou.%福州作为海西建设的领跑者,对外文化交流愈加频繁,国际影响日益扩大,吸引了越来越多外国友人来此观光旅游。因此,旅游景区的公示语的英语翻译就显得尤为重要。本文以福州市于山风景区为例,分析了景区内公示语英译存在的问题并提出了改善目前现状的对策。

  9. 《朱子语类》软硬反义概念词语类聚考%A Textual Research on Antithetical Words Denoting “Softness”and “Hardness”in Zhu Zi Yu-lei (朱子语类)



    The system of vocabulary is composed of individual words which are clustered together on the basis of meaning relationships. A lexical cluster denoting the same meaning is equivalent to a lexical field. There are many words and expressions found in Zhu Zi Yu-lei (朱子语类) , literally Classified conversations of Master Zhu, deno-ting the concepts of softness and hardness respectively. This paper presents an investigation into the network of lexi-cal clustering under which antithetical words denoting softness and hardness are subsumed.%词汇系统由一个个概念词语类聚互相关联构成,同一概念的词语类聚相当于一个词汇场。《朱子语类》中表达软硬概念的有“柔、软、坚、硬、刚、顽”等词,形成以这些词及其组合的词语为核心而聚合其他词汇成分的软硬概念词语聚合网络。

  10. 佛教心性论与韩孟诗派创作的主体精神%The Ideology of the Mind of Buddhism and the Subject Spirit in the Creation of Poetry by the School of Han Yu and Meng Jiao



    佛教禅宗心性论是佛学的核心义理之一,旨在启迪人从心灵中寻求“自我意识和自我感觉”,它强化了人的主体意识和主体精神。这一特征与艺术创作的主体精神有着内在的相互通融和契符。韩孟诗派是中唐最具特征的诗派,此派诗人在诗歌创作实践中都表现自我主体意识,抒写心性,而形成这一创作特征的深层文化思想背景正是佛教禅宗心性论的影响。%The ideology of the mind of Dhyana is one of the key doctrines of Buddhism, which is directed to seek self- consciousness and self- recognition in human mind. This concept strengthens human subject consciousness and spirit, thus an intrinsic connection with the subject spirit of literary creation. The school of Han Yu and Meng Jiao was typical of the mid - Tan Dyansty poetry, their deep cultural background of Dhyana determined the representation of self- subject consciousness and mind as well as soul in the creation of poetry.

  11. 凡音之起乐由心生--于右任《望大陆》诗歌曲创作理念与音调设计%Music Raises from the Bottom of Heart-Creative Idea and Tone Design of the Poetry Song of Yu Youjen′s "Gaze on the Mainland"



    于右任先生在耄耋之年的国殇绝唱《望大陆》诗深刻表达了祖国被撕裂、国土不完整、亲人不能团聚的痛楚之情。为了承继于老原诗的意境,《望大陆》诗歌曲创作理念以秦腔音乐风格为主线,乐曲音调设计采用 G 宫 A 商清乐音阶七声调式,结构为带有对比性的单二部曲式,音乐表达出哀伤、悲怆、悲壮的情境。%Mr.Yu Youjen wrote a poem "Gaze on the Mainland"at his age of eighties,which expresses profound feel-ings about the sorrow of torn and incomplete homeland and the sadness of family separation.In order to inherit the origi-nal mood and conception,the poetry song "Gaze on the Mainland"is composed on the Shaanxi opera music style.The song uses the seventh grades of the QingYue scale style of G Gong A Shang as its tonality and its musical structure is the two -single form with a contrasting style.The music expresses a sad,pathetic,and tragic feeling.

  12. 《汉语大词典》收双音假设连词书证义项商补%Discussion and Supplement on Documentary Evidence and Dictionary Entry of the Dual Tone Hypothetical Conjunction in“HanYuDaCiDian”(汉语大词典)



    “HanYuDaCiDian”(《汉语大词典》)has included and defined most of the dual tone hypothesis conjunction in history of Chinese language. It has important reference value for the study of the history of Chinese language. However, there are still some problems to be solved. For example,the documentary evidences of some entries are too later even some entries have no documentary evidence;Besides everal hypothetical conjunctions have other uses which the dictionary have not collected. These problems need further discussion and supplement.%提《汉语大词典》收释了大部分双音假设连词,对于汉语史研究有重要的参考价值。不过尚存在部分词条书证偏晚或者缺少书证的问题;此外个别假设连词还有其他连词用法而词典漏收相应的义项。这些问题还需要做进一步的商榷和补充。

  13. The Current Situation of Folk Story Inheritance among the Zang Nationality——a Case Study in YU Tong Region%康巴藏族民间故事传承的现状——以鱼通地区为例



    通过口耳相传的方式传承了千百年的康巴藏族民间故事,深刻地反映了康区社会、历史、风俗、文化等方方面面。虽然不同区域的传承方式会打上本土文化特征的烙印,但仍是有共性可循的。本文仅以鱼通地区的民间故事口头传承为例,对康巴藏族民间故事的传承现状进行初步的探析,以期引起康巴文化研究者和当地文化部门的关注。%The oral way to inherit the folk story has a history of more than one thousand years among the Zang nationality,and this reveals the society,history,convention and culture in this region.The definite ways may differ from place to place,but they share some similarity in culture.Taking the oral inheritance of folk story in YU Tong region for instance,this paper attempt an initial research on the current situation of folk story inheritance,so as to attract more attention to this culture from scholars and local government.

  14. 司空图感性学三维视角下评析《虞美人》的英译本%A Comparative Study on Three English Versions of the Chinese Poem The Beautiful Lady Yu from the Perspective of Sikong Tu’s Three Dimensions of Aesthetics



    在诗歌翻译批评中,司空图诗学思想即三维说提供了一个很好的诗评原则。本文从司空图感性学三维出发,对《虞美人》3个英文译本的音像美、视像美和含蓄美进行了比较研究。好的诗歌译本应从听觉、视觉和味觉3个维度尽量保留和再现原诗的意境美,实现原诗的“韵外之致”、“景外之景”和“味外之旨”。%Sikong Tu proposes the theory of “three dimensions of aesthetics” on criticizing poems .In this paper ,three English versions of the Chinese poem The Beautiful Lady Yu are compared and studied based on this theory ,which covers acoustic beauty ,visual beauty and vague sense of beauty .The paper comes to a conclusion that a successful poem translation should convey the poetic mood of the original text from the above three dimensions .

  15. “语言”定义问题研究综论--兼评于全有《语言本质理论的哲学重建》中的语言观%A Summary on Language Definition:Also on Yu Quanyou’ s Philosophic Reconstruction of Language Essence Theory

    李玉娟; 王芳


    There are many definitions of language .Among them , the theories of tool and symbol are more in-fluential .Nevertheless , they have obvious weakness and shortages for these definitions .Yu Quanyou reconstructs the concept of language .His brand-new definition overturns the recognition on the essence of language and clears the problems of traditional view on the essence of language .%目前学术界对语言的界定和认识有很多,但其中影响较大的主要是工具说、符号说。而这几种语言定义都存在着明显的弱点和不足。于全有教授对“语言”的概念重新进行了定义,这种全新的定义,颠覆了传统的有关语言本质观的认识,从根本上肃清并解决了传统的语言本质观存在的诸多问题。


    Hanife Nalan GENÇ


    Full Text Available The concept of Theater of the Absurd accelerating especially in the second half of the twentieth century was not only evaluated as incomprehensible but also found ridiculous and surprised when it was considered as a new genre. The aimlessness of people who cannot make their presence felt with their actions and their despair were exhibited in the tragic-comic contrast. The concept of Theater of the Absurd which can be assessed in two periods with the themes and the principles it defends developed under the leadership of the authors including mostly Ionesco, Beckett and Genet of the second period putting emphasis on the harmony of dissonance. These three pioneers of this theater existed with their unique style of playwriting. In this study, Ionesco’s ‘Kel Şarkıcı’ (The Bald Soprano, Samuel Beckett’s Godot’yu Beklerken (Waiting for Godot and Jean Genet’s Hizmetçiler (Maids were examined in the context of cyclical structures. The plays’ own texture and the fact that they were fictionalized with its cyclical structures associated with their concept of theater caused these three plays which have different styles of plays and the playwrights who defend different ideas to find common ground. As a result, it was found out that the structure in these plays served to concretize the fundamentals of theatre of the Absurd.

  17. Views on Spirits and Gods in Yin Gao Zong Wen Yu San Shou and Tang Zai Chi Men of Qinghua Bamboo Manuscripts%清华简《三寿》《汤在啻门》二文中的鬼神观



    There is great respect for spirits and gods in the text Yin Gao Zong Wen Yu San Shou and Tang Zai Chi Men, two texts of Qinghua Bamboo Manuscripts. In Yin Gao Zong Wen Yu San Shou, Pengzu emphasizes the fulfillment of the want of gods and people as an important element in the evaluation of a ruler. Tang Zai Chi Men discusses the important elements in the construction of“human”( Ren) , “country”( Bang) ,“earth”( Di) and “heaven”( Tian) where the four gods ( Si Shen) and the nine gods ( Jiu Shen) have crucial effect. These texts show great respect for spirits and gods but do not focus on them. They focus on both rationality of humans and the mysterious effects of spirits and gods. Therefore, these texts are not related to Mohist School which gives spirits and gods absolute power; instead they are more close to Huang-Lao Daoism. The specific term ‘Di Zhen” of religious Daoism appears in Tang Zai Chi Men. Also concepts like the four gods ( Si Shen ) and the nine gods ( Jiu Shen ) are possibly related to the ‘ Shen Ren” and‘ Zhen Ren”immortals of religious Daoism and philosophical Daoism. Therefore, the religious Daoism may have absorbed the resources from the views on spirits and gods of these early texts.%清华简《殷高宗问于三寿》和《汤在啻门》两篇文献都对鬼神非常敬重。《殷高宗问于三寿》中彭祖反复强调,让“神”与“民”均得到满足,是衡量统治者是否高明的一个重要标志。《汤在啻门》讨论了构成“人”“邦”“地”“天”的重要因素,其中“四神”和“九神”起到了重要的作用。但此二文既重视鬼神,又不惟鬼神;既重视人的理性思考,又借重鬼神作为禁忌所能产生的神秘作用,因此和将鬼神视为绝对力量的墨家无关,思想倾向更接近黄老道家。《汤在啻门》出现了“地真”这个特定的道教用语,“四神”和“九神”也很有可能和

  18. Clinical Observation on Early Treatment of Multiple Injuries of Bone and Joint with the Combination of Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang and Injury Control%血府逐瘀汤联合损伤控制技术早期救治骨关节多发伤的疗效观察

    王旭光; 初海滨; 鞠传宝


    Objective To sum up the curative effect of the early treatment of bone and joint injury by the combination of Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang and injury control technology. Methods Our hospital between January 2014 and December 2015 were treated 112 cases of joint multiple trauma patients as the research object of this experiment, according to the double blind method will be involved in the study of patients, divided into two different groups, two groups of patients the appellation of the control group respectively, and the team, each group of 56 patients, control group patients use the conventional methods for treatment, the team is to provide patients with therapeutic and the combined treatment of damage control technology. Results After the operation, the team with the total effective was 96.43%, signiifcantly higher than control group in patients with 85.71%, the comparison between the two groups, data signiifcant difference (P<0.05).Patients in the study group were pain stop time, swelling clearance time and hospitalization time were less than the control group patients, the difference between the groups was signiifcant. Conclusion The combination of Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang and the therapeutic joint damage control technology in the early treatment polytrauma curative effect is obvious, bone can be promoted.%目的:总结血府逐瘀汤联合损伤控制技术早期救治骨关节多发伤的疗效。方法选取本院2014年1月至2015年12月收治的112例骨关节多发伤患者作为本次实验的研究对象,根据双盲法将参与研究的患者,分为两个不同的组别,两组患者的称谓分别为对照组以及研究组,每组各56例患者,对照组的患者使用常规的方法进行治疗,研究组则为患者提供血府逐瘀汤以及损伤控制技术的联合治疗。结果手术后,研究组患者的总有效为96.43%,明显高于对照组患者的85.71%,两组间比较,数据差异显著,(P<0.05)。研究组患者疼痛停止时

  19. The SWOT Analysis of Internet -based Finance and Its Strategic Options:Taking YuˊeBao as an Example%互联网金融的 SWOT 分析及其战略选择--以余额宝为例

    张瑾; 陈丽珍; 张道海; 罗建强


    YuˊeBao is the typical representative of internet -based finance,the leader of internet finance and the typical case of service innovation activities in China.It has greatly driven interest rate marketing process and promoted the innova-tion and development of financial industry.SWOT analysis approach in strategic management is carried out to study the re-lated factors of internet -based finance strategies by taking YuˊeBao as an example.Based on the strength (earnings advan-tage,liquidity advantage,customer advantage and operating advantage),weakness (monetary fundsˊliquidity,profitability and safety weakness,network information security weakness,and customer legal dispute weakness),opportunity (innova-tion opportunity,and financial system reform opportunity)and threat of internet -based finance (being threatened threats, and more strict regulatory threats),internet -based finance strategies are proposed,including striving continuously for na-tional policyˊs support,diversifying investment,guarding against the risk with the aid of big data,guiding customers to ra-tionally choose,and fulfilling social responsibilities actively.%余额宝是互联网金融的典型代表,是引领互联网金融的排头兵,是我国服务创新活动的典型案例。它的出现极大地推动了利率市场化进程,促进了金融业的创新与发展。以余额宝为例,运用战略管理中的 SWOT 分析方法对互联网金融战略相关联因素进行分析,确定互联网金融的内部优势(收益优势、流动性优势、客户优势及操作优势)、劣势(货币基金的流动性、收益性、安全性劣势、网络信息安全劣势及与用户的法律纠纷劣势),外部机遇(创新机遇、金融体制改革机遇)以及威胁(被封杀威胁、更严格的监管威胁),进而提出继续争取国家政策的支持、多元化投资、利用大数据防范风险、引导顾客进行理性选择以及积极履行社会责任的互联网金融战略。

  20. 通瘀化痰法对异丙基肾上腺素致大鼠心衰模型的实验研究%The Experimental Study of TongYuHuaTan Methods on the Effects in Rat Model with Isoproterenol Induced Chronic Heart Failure

    王敏; 王晓峰; 艾静; 徐新利


    目的:研究通瘀化痰法对异丙基肾上腺素(ISO)诱导大鼠慢性心力衰竭(CHF)模型的治疗作用和对血清脑钠肽(BNP)的影响.方法:76只Wistar大鼠(雌雄各半)随机分为空白组和造模组,造模组皮下注射异丙基肾上腺素2次(170 mg·kg-1)间隔24小时,空白组皮下注射生理盐水O.25 ml,间隔24小时,6周后应用超声心动图检测,以左室射血分数≤45%确定造模成功,将心衰大鼠模型随机分为模型组、中药低、中、高剂量组及西药组,平均治疗4周后进行心脏超声检查,利用酶联免疫吸附法(EUSA)测定各组大鼠血清BNP的含量.结果:异丙肾致慢性心衰大鼠心功能下降、心脏重量指教增加、BNP升高明显;经治疗4周,各治疗组均有不同程度改善,其中中药中、高剂量组作用优于西药组,统计有显著性差异(P<0.01).结论:通瘀化痰法能显著改善心功能,减轻心衰症状,逆转心室重构,其作用可能与抑制心衰大鼠血清BNP表达有关.%Objective: To study the treatment of TongYuHuaTan Methods in rat model with isoproterenol induced chronic heart failure and to observe the effects on brain natriuretic peptide (BNP).Methods: 76 Wistar rats (male and female) were randomly divided into blank control group and ISO-induced CHF group ( ISO group).The rats in ISO group were subcutaneously injected with 170 mg/kg ISO for 2 times at a 24 hours interval.While the rats in blank control group were given a subcutaneous injection of 0.25 ml normal saline for 2 times at a 24 hours interval.At the sixth week, echocardiography was used to evaluate the change of heart function in heart failure rats.The ISO-induced CHF rats, with an the left vontricular ejection fraction ( LVEF ) ≤45%, were randomly divided into 5 groups: model group, the Traditional Chinese Medicine low, medium and high dose group and weatem medicine group; after 4 weeks of treatment, the heart function parameters were detected by echocardiogram

  1. Study on the characteristics of Yu yi′s teaching and assessment in writing A case study of fifty examples in writing teaching and assessment%从《作文讲评五十例》看于漪作文讲评的特点



    于漪是我国当代公认的教育名家,她有很丰富的教学经验。本文以其《作文讲评五十例》为中心,对其作文讲评特点进行了探析。她以学生为主体,坚持兴趣、启发、鼓励的教学原则,从讲前的辅导、讲评目的的设定,到习作的分析、讲评材料的选择,每一个环节都精心设计。教学方式灵活,课堂灵动高效,真正做到了教书育人,体现了新课程所追求的教学理念。%Yu yi is a well⁃known modern educator who has rich teaching experience in China. This article focuses on her book "Fifty Examples in Writing Teaching and Assessment", and analyses her characteristics of teaching and assessment in writ⁃ing.Using the interest, inspiration and encouragement as teaching principles, she takes the students as the main part. And she elaborates every teaching procedure, including the guidance before teaching, the set of teaching aims, the analysis of writing and the selection of teaching materials.With flexbile teaching methods, effective teaching results, Mrs Yu′s teaching reflects the ideas of the new curriculm.

  2. The Beauty of Image in Yu Guangzhong's Nostalgic poems——Case Study ofNostalgiaandFour Rhymes of Nostalgia%论余光中乡愁诗的意象美——以《乡愁》与《乡愁四韵》为例

    周利萍; 周利林


    余光中是台湾著名的乡愁诗人,其写作的乡愁诗表达了他们那一代人对祖国的强烈思念之情.在乡愁诗的写作中,作者成功地运用意象表达了其内心的真实感情.在其乡愁诗的代表作《乡愁》和《乡愁四韵》中,作者各自选取了四个典型意象表达了他浓浓的思乡之情.其中,《乡愁》中的"邮票"、"船票"、"坟墓"和"海峡"四个意象层层递进地表达了作者在人生不同时期的乡愁,《乡愁四韵》中的"长江水"、"海棠红"、"雪花白"和"腊梅香"四个意象同时在空间中展开,表达了作者剪不断理还乱的乡愁.%Yu Guangzhong is a well-known Taiwan nostalgia poet, who expresses his strong homesick for mother country in his poems. In the writing, the poet successfully delivers his true feeling by image. In his two masterpiecesNostalgiaand Four Rhymes of Nostalgia, he respectively selects four images to express his strong homesick. In Nostalgia, the four images of stamp, ship-ticket, tomb and strait are used to tell his homesick at different ages. In Four Rhymes of Nostalgia, another four images of water in Changjiang River, cherry-apple red, snow white and wintersweet fragrance to convey the poet's helpless melancholy.

  3. Simultaneous determination of three alkaloids, four ginsenosides and limonin in the plasma of normal and headache rats after oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu decoction by a novel ultra fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method: application to a comparative pharmacokinetics and ethological study.

    Xu, Huarong; Li, Qing; Yin, Yidi; Lv, Chunxiao; Sun, Wanyang; He, Bosai; Liu, Ran; Chen, Xiaohui; Bi, Kaishun


    A novel, sensitive and reliable ultra fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-MS/MS) method has been developed and validated for simultaneous quantitation of eight main active ingredients (evodiamine, rutaecarpine, dehydroevodiamine, limonin, ginsenoside Rb1, Rd, Re and Rg1) in rat plasma after oral administration of Wu-Zhu-Yu (WZY) decoction, which is a celebrated and widely used Traditional Chinese Medicine formula for the treatment of headache. The analytes and internal standard (IS) were separated on a SHIM-PACK XR-ODS II column, and the detection was performed on a UFLC-MS/MS system with turbo ion spray source. The lower limits of quantification were 1.5, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 2.0, 1.0, 0.5 and 0.2 ng ml(-1) for evodiamine, rutaecarpine, dehydroevodiamine, limonin, gensenoside Rb1, Rd, Re and Rg1, respectively. Linearity, accuracy, precision and absolute recoveries of the eight analytes were all within satisfaction. The IS-normalized matrix factor was adopted for assessing the matrix effect and accompanied with a satisfactory result. The validated method has been successfully applied to compare pharmacokinetic profiles of the eight active ingredients in rat plasma between normal and headache rats after administration. Exact pharmaceutical effect of WZY decoction on headache was demonstrated by the ethological response of headache rats induced by nitric oxide donor after administration. The results indicated that the absorption of evodiamine, rutaecarpine, gensenoside Rb1, Re and Rg1 in headache group were significantly higher than those in normal group with similar concentration-time curves while no significant differences existed in limonin and ginsenoside Rd between the two groups.

  4. 试析鄂豫皖革命根据地的灾荒救济工作——以1931年水灾为中心的考察%On the Famine Relief Work of the E-Yu-Wan Revolutionary Base Areas Inspection of the Floods in 1931



    In 1931 the region of Jianghuai generally encountered great floods,which led to people living in distress and the rural economy on the edge of bankruptcy,further aggravating the revolutionary crisis.In the E-Yu-Wan Revolutionary Base Areas,the Soviet government under the leadership of CPC actively took a series of measures to carry out relief work,including distributing food,allocating funds,reducing tax,thus to some extent alleviated people's difficult living situation.In sharp contrast to the serious famine in the areas under leadership of Kuomintang,the communist party's practice won more people's support,and strengthened the Soviet regime's mass basis.%1931年江淮地区普遍遭遇大水灾,致使城乡民众生活窘迫,农村经济更处于破产的边缘,进而加剧了革命危机。在鄂豫皖革命根据地,中国共产党领导苏维埃政府积极开展救济工作,采取了施粥放粮、拨款救济、减免税收等一系列措施,从而一定程度上缓解了民众的生产和生活困难,并与国民党统治地区发生的严重灾荒形成了鲜明对照,从而进一步赢得了民众的支持,扩大了苏维埃政权的群众基础。

  5. MOOCs建设的实践与未来--访香港大学MOOCs执行主席郭予光教授%The Practice and Future of MOOCs:An lnterview with Prof. Ricky Yu-Kwong KWOK from the University of Hong Kong

    王娟; 蓝敏; 魏志慧


    MOOCs的实践和研究正风靡全球,日益成为课堂改革的流行语。如何制作高质量的MOOCs,如何促进MOOCs的创新共享,实现其可持续发展,已成为众多高等教育机构和研究者关注的焦点。本期我们邀请到香港大学(简称港大) MOOCs执行主席与总负责、校长助理、电气电子工程学系副主任郭予光( Ricky Yu-Kwong KWOK)教授,他负责香港大学MOOCs课程开发、技术处理、交付管理、资金调度与宣传发布,并代表香港大学在edX全球会议上汇报交流。他的研究和教学兴趣主要是大规模分布式计算机系统、无线电系统与网络安全,目前他担任国际期刊《并行与分布式计算》( Parallel and Dis-tributed Computing)主编,《电气与电子工程师协会并行与分布式系统汇刊》( IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems)副主编及《传感器网络》( Sensor Networks)编委,发表论文170多篇,出版20多本专著。借助在香港大学研修的机会,笔者与郭予光教授就MOOCs制作流程、运作机制、存在问题、创新共享及可持续发展等进行了深入的交流和探讨。  选取港大MOOCs为研究对象的原因是:一、港大在国际高等教育研究机构首次QS公布的亚洲大学排行榜中名列第一,学术水平较高。二、港大的国际接轨教育模式沿袭了英国教育体系,其特有的教学理念和教学模式为学习者提供了极佳的学习环境。港大的全部课程都以英文授课,并在Moodle平台上提供课程讨论、作业等辅助教学手段,线上和线下教学有效融合。三、港大独特的地理位置和文化有优势。香港是自由港口,是一座国际化大都市,又有着几千年中国传统文化的熏陶,具有相当强的本土化特色。因此,港大有背靠东学、面向西学的绝佳优势,该校MOOCs建设实践可以为国内外开放课程的建设及可持续发展提供借鉴。%Nowadays, MOOCs

  6. Fictional Plot in Novel and Historical Narrative——On Shiba Ryotaro's Xiang Yu and Liu Bang%小说虚构与历史叙述——论司马辽太郎的《项羽与刘邦》



    司马辽太郎的《项羽与刘邦》围绕秦汉时期权力/权利系统的更迭,生动地描绘了各种势力集团的明争暗斗,以及在这些争斗中各种人物的命运。作者从文化、政治、经济的角度探索历史演变的奥秘,不乏独到的见解。但历史书写的冲动又使作者抑制不住地在作品中大谈“历史观”。这些所谓的“历史观”与该小说的叙述逻辑自相矛盾,在一定程度上损害了小说的艺术性。%In Xiang Yu and Liu Bang, Shiba RyStaro vividly described the in-fighting among various blocs and the fate of various characters during a change of power and rights system. He explored the mysteries of historical evolution from the perspective of culture, politics, and economy, and included many original opinions. But on the other hand, the writer was driven by an irrepressible urge of historical writing to talk about the "view of history" in this work. This so-called "view of history" is in contradiction with the historical novel narrative, so it may be harmful to the artistic quality of the novel.

  7. 不同的文化背景,相似的悲剧命运——尤金·奥尼尔的《榆树下的欲望》和曹禺的《雷雨》之比较%Different Cultural Backgrounds yet Similar Tragic Fates——Comparison of O'Neill's Desire Under the Elms and Tsao Yu's Thunderstorm



    This paper focuses on comparing Desire Under the Elms written by the great American playwright Eugene O'Neill and Thunderstorm by the well-known Chinese playwright Tsao Yu.Though set in two different cultural backgrounds,the two dramas share many similarities in the themes,the creation of characters and the dramatic stage techniques.%本文就美国戏剧大师尤金·奥尼尔的《榆树下的欲望》和中国戏剧家曹禺的作品《雷雨》进行了比较.虽然两部戏剧发生在不同的文化背景中,但其主题、人物创造和戏剧舞台技艺却极其相似.

  8. Look at the System Semantics from the Cognate Words’ First Connection and Re Association--Taking the Words of the Ancient Labial Bang Pang Bing and Rhyme Yu Duo Yang for Instance%从同源词的初度和再度系联看语义的系统性--以上古声纽帮滂並、韵部鱼铎阳语词为例



    《同源字典》收录一组上古声纽为唇音帮滂並、韵部为鱼铎阳的词,对其进行补充性的系联,通过初度和再度系联,以期从词族的角度理解语义的系统性。%The Dictionary of Paronyms includes a group of cognate words of the ancient labial Bang Pang Bing nd rhyme Yu Duo Yang. This paper carries on the complementary linking of the words through the first connection and re association of cognate words, by which to understand the system of semantic from the word family perspective.

  9. On the Association of Song Yu's Fu with Fu of Han Dynasty on Their Spatial Narration——With the Analysis on the Types and Characteristics of Spatial Narration in Fu of Han Dynasty%宋玉辞赋与汉代散体大赋空间叙事的关联——兼论汉赋空间叙事的类型及其特征



    Song Yu played an important role in the transformation process of Chuci to Fu. Song Yu's works are closely related with Fu in Han dynasty on the following aspects: the extreme and growingly detailed numeration, the special idea and the three-dimensional space system embodied in the narration of Fu. The Fu writers in Han dynasty pushed the space narration to its maturity by combining the spatial ideas in ancient works and using the writing techniques of previous works. The space narration can be mainly classified into three types: position narration, class narration, and shift narration. The characteristics of space narration are as follows: the interdependence of space narration and time narration, the combination of realistic writing and fiction, the collaboration of surface structure and spatial idea.%宋玉在由楚辞到汉赋的文体转换过程中起到了重要的作用,尤其是其辞赋作品建构的立体空间坐标系,以及逐次相加的极度铺排、渲染所体现出的空间观念、"空间图式"成为与汉代散体大赋关联的新角度.汉赋作家综合古代空间意识及前代作品的创作经验进一步将空间叙事推向成熟.汉赋空间叙事主要有空间方位叙事、空间"连类"叙事和空间移位叙事三种主要类型,并具有空间叙事与时间叙事互为依存、征实与虚构互为补充以及表层结构与空间意义互为支撑等鲜明特征.

  10. Meet Paris in Yu Xi's Documentaries



    "This is a documenfary porlrayal of cultural celebrities.All the 60 interviewees have devoted themselves to the greal cause of China-France cultural exchange.Today,it is highly important to stress the preservation and promotion of cultural diversity and make

  11. Ertong Zaoqi Jingxi Dongzuo Jineng yu Renzhi Fazhan de Guanxi

    Geng, Da; Zhang, Xingli; Shi, Jiannong


    Fine motor skills refer to any movement where an individual uses the small muscles or muscle areas of the hands and fingers; these movements serve to development of muscle while also improving the cognitive recognition of the object. Automatic fine motor skills can save limited attention resources...... for advanced cognition tasks as required by an individual; in the development of fine motor skills and cognition, the two abilities interact, some motor skills are the prerequisite for some cognition and the practice of cognition. Fine motor skills also can predict the academic performance of young students....... The two abilities are inter-related because they share common areas of the brain: the prefrontal lobe and the cerebellum. As a result, some cognition disorders could be treated through fine motor skill training and exercises....

  12. Scholarly Gentry of Ba-Yu%巴渝书香

    熊恰; 刘汪洋(图)



  13. On Sequencing of Senses in Han Yu Da Ci Dian:A Case Study of “Wan” and “Lian”%《汉语大词典》义项排列层级研究--以“顽”、“廉”两词为例



    《汉语大词典》目前所采用的单一层级的单线型义项排列形式不能很好地反映词语的历史演变过程,应按照历史发展原则与逻辑联系原则,根据词义引申发展的具体方式,增加义项排列的层级。首先,将各义项分类归并,把相近的义项归为一个大的义项群,这几组大的义项群构成义项排列的第一层级;其次,把每个义项群中的各义项按照具体的引申发展的顺序列出,构成义项排列的第二层级;最后,根据词义引申发展的实际情况,还可以再增加义项的层级,以尽可能全面、完整、准确地反映词义发展的脉络,更清楚地展现词义间的逻辑关系。%The one-fold arrangement of senses adopted by the Han Yu Da Ci Dian ( A Dictionary of Chi-nese) fails to represent the diachronic change of word-meaning.It is therefore advisable to enrich the hierarchy of sense sequencing in the light of word-meaning extensions , followed the principles of diachronic change and logical relationship:first, similar senses should be combined into sense groups , which constitute the first level of sense sequencing;secondly , in each sense group , the componential senses should be sequenced according to their extensional development , and this makes the second level of sense sequencing , and finally , more lev-els of sense sequencing can be added in view of the word-meaning extensions , so as to reflect the diachronic change of word-meaning completely and accurately , and represent the logical relationship among different sen-ses more clearly .

  14. 从川端康成到卡夫卡——余华小说创作的转型与新时期小说审美范式的变化%From Yasunari Kawabata to Kafka:Yu Hua's Shifts in Fiction Writing as Seen from the Evolution of Aesthetic Paradigms in Contemporary Chinese Novels



    Yu Hua has been deeply influenced by Yasunari Kawabata (1899 -1972) and Franz Kafka ( 1883 - 1924) in his fiction writing. The last two decades of the 20th century witnessed two of his shifts in writing style : one was from lyrical to narrative, and the other from imagination ( the conceptual world) to real- ity ( the real world). Neither marked a farewell to the two literary giants; rather, the two shifts made him clos- er to the inner world of Kawabata and Kafka. It happened that Yu' s literary shifts went almost side by side with the turns of aesthetic paradigms in contemporary Chinese literature. Thus Yu' s shifts mark not only his personal progress but, more importantly, the general turn of Chinese literature from emotionality to rationality, as well as its appeal for innovations and international perspectives, in a new historical period.%余华的小说创作深受川端康成和卡夫卡的影响,上个世纪八九十年代,余华经历了两次创作转型:由抒情转向叙事、从想象/观念世界走向现实/真实世界,两次转型不是告别川端康成和卡夫卡,而是更加贴近两位大师的精神世界。余华的创作转型与整个新时期文学整体审美范式的转变几乎同步进行,从川端康成到卡夫卡不只是余华一个人的创作现象,而是一种共相,是新时期文学告别感性走向理性、求变创新走向世界的诉求与标志。

  15. Research on the Individual Education Program in PE Teaching for the Mentally Disabled Children-A Sample of Mental-teaching School in Pan Yu of Guangzhou City%智障儿童IEP体育教学研究--以番禺培智学校为例



    运用个案研究法、田野工作法、访谈法等,对番禺培智学校实施IEP体育教学进行调查。研究发现:番禺培智学校在制定IEP体育教学计划时没有按规定程序要求进行制定,缺少长、短期教育目标的测量标准,长短期目标不全面;实施IEP体育教学时存在IEP与教学相分离的问题,学生间体育教学内容的差异性以及物质条件的缺乏,体育教师无法完成IEP的体育教学目标。因此要打破按智障程度分班的班级界限,在进行体育教学时按运动能力重组分班教学;改善体育教学的场地和器材设备,从特殊儿童的特殊需求出发采购专门的体育器材等。%This article make a investigation to the method of IEP's PE teaching with case study method, execution of work field, interview method, etc. in mental-teaching school in Pan Yu.Study found:the school hadn't follow the instruction of the plan of IEP teaching method and lacked long-term and short-term measurement standard.The IEP was separate from the teaching when put the teaching method of IEP into practice and teachers can ’t finish the teaching goal of the IEP becasue of the different of the teaching-method and the lack of the equipment. Suggestion: make a class according to the sport capicity and break the rule which form class by mental level . Improving the quality of the teaching venues and the equipment of PE; Purrchasing the sports equiment should considerate the need of the disable children.

  16. From custody to scientific therapy: Wei Yu-lin's contribution to the founding of the Peiping Municipal Psychopathic Hospital%从收容到科学治疗:魏毓麟与北平精神病疗养院的创建



    1908年8月,清朝民政部建贫民教养院,院内附设一所疯人院.这是中国第一所由政府设立的疯人救助机构.1917年12月,贫民教养院改组,疯人院脱离贫民教养院成为独立机构,更名为疯人收养所.在协和医学院脑系科主任雷门的推动下,协和医学院和北平社会局达成协议,于1933年合作改组疯人收养所,更名为北平精神病疗养院,由魏毓麟担任院长.在魏毓麟的主持下,精神病人的生活待遇得到了改善,建立了包括社会服务、工作治疗、心理治疗在内的精神病专业治疗体系,完成了从旧式疯人院到现代精神病院的转变.1937年,北京被日军占领后,北平精神疗养院迁址安定门外,魏毓麟继续担任院长,使精神病疗养院在艰难岁月得以维持.%In August 1908,the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the Qing Dynasty established a pauper reformatory,attached to it was a lunatic asylum,which was the first of its kind set up by the Government.In December 1917,with the restructuring of the pauper reformatory,the asylum became an independent organization called asylum for the maniac which was jointly reorganized by Peping Union Medical College (PUMC) and the Bureau of Public Welfare and renamed it as Peiping Municipal Psychopathic Hospital,with Wei Yu-lin as the director.Led by Dr.Wei Yun-lin,tremendous efforts were made to improve sanitary condition and physical comfort of the patients.Professional treatment system was set up,including psychiatric social service,occupational therapy,and psychotherapy,symbolizing the transformation of an old asylum to a modern mental hospital.

  17. The Real Suffering and Classical Feelings of Last Century:Interpretation of the Key Words of Tong Bo Yu by Guo Xiaodong%逝去时代的现实忧患与古典情怀--郭小东小说《铜钵盂》关键词解读



    Taking “blind musician”, “water trader” and “revolutionary” as key words, Guo Xiaodong's novel Tong Bo Yu tells patrilineal and matrilineal family story, displaying the overseas remittance history and Chaoshan culture of 20th century, and re-presenting the real suffering and classical feelings of the last century as well. The blind musician is the singer and disseminator of the Chaozhou ballad whose voice reveals nostalgia and individual fate. The water trader or postman is the practitioners and writers of the history of Chaoshan overseas remittance. Their life is full of compassion and faith. The revolutionary party is the subverter and thinker of Chaoshan traditional culture, their thinking presents the antinomy of violence and justice. These three kinds of identity are mutually twisted together to form the symbolic structure of the whole novel, composing a spiritual schema of Chaoshan area.%郭小东家族小说《铜钵盂》以“瞽师”“水客”“革命党”为关键词,讲述父系和母系家族的故事,书写20世纪潮汕地区的侨批史与潮汕文化,再现了一个逝去时代的现实忧患与古典情怀。瞽师是潮州歌谣的演绎者和传播者,他们的声音充盈着乡愁与命运的启应。水客批脚是潮汕侨批史的实践者和书写者,他们的人生流淌着信守与悲悯的情怀。革命党是潮汕传统文化的颠覆者和反思者,他们的思考呈现出暴力与正义的背反。三者的身份相互流转,共同形成小说整体的象征结构,谱写出潮汕地区的精神谱系。


    陈三凤; 管乐; 应娇妍; 李周华; 王娟; 李季伦


    在巴西固氮螺菌(Azospirillum brasilense)中,glnB和glnZ是两个高度同源基因,分别位于3.7kb/EcoRI+PstI和3.7kb/SalI的两个不同的染色体片段上.用卡那霉素盒(Kmr-cas-sette)插入法,对glnB和glnZ分别进行定位诱变,并获得相应的突变株,即glnB-和glnZ-.研究表明,glnB-突变株丧失固氮酶活性,表现为Nif-,而glnZ-象野生型菌株一样具有固氮酶活性.为了进一步研究这两个基因的功能,将glnB和glnZ分别构建在pVK100载体上形成重组质粒pVK-Ⅱ和pVK-Z,对glnB-和glnZ突变株进行互补实验,进一步证明了glnB与固氮酶活有直接相关性,而glnZ无此作用.同时,通过三亲接合法将pVK-Ⅱ和pVK-Z分别转移到巴西固氮螺菌野生型Yu62和具有一定抗铵能力的draT-突变株中,使glnB和glnZ的拷贝数增加,进一步比较它们的固氮酶活性.结果表明多拷贝的glnB基因,能显著提高固氮酶活性,而多拷贝的glnZ对固氮酶活性无影响.同时,将pVK-Ⅱ和pVK-Z分别转移到nifA-突变株中,结果表明glnB和glnZ均不能恢复nifA-的固氮酶活性.

  19. 现代汉语四种"好V"结构%Four Constructions of "hao V" in Mandarin Chinese.




  20. 原住民完全中學的實施現況與挑戰:以蘭嶼高級中學為例 The Implementation and the Challenges Involved in Indigenous Integrated Secondary Schools in Taiwan: A Case Study of Lan-Yu High School

    張如慧Ju-Hui Chang


    Full Text Available 建立以原住民為主體,符合原住民需求的教育體系,是原住民社區本位教育的重要理念,而此理念亦納入我國的《原住民族教育法》中。本研究以全國第一所原住民完全中學―蘭嶼高級中學為例,進行個案研究,希望由原住民社區本位教育的理論觀點出發,瞭解在地師生及居民的經驗和想法,重新解讀該校在完全中學原訂目標上的實施現況,及其面臨的挑戰。研究時間為2007年8月至2008 年7月,蒐集資料的方法以師生和社區人士的訪談為主,並輔以部分時間的田野觀察。研究結果發現,蘭嶼成立完全中學的成效包括:提供最弱勢學生的升學和學習機會;透過完全中學經費的溢注,提高城鄉高中教育均衡發展的可能性;以及透過文化融入課程與相關活動,促進學校社區化等。然而因為社區和在地參與 仍有限,所以官方的政策或經費運用,無法完全符合當地真正的需求,更遑論激發社區對教育的主體性和能動性。 Indigenous community-based education argues that indigenous peoples are the subject of educational systems and institutions whose needs should be fulfilled. This concept is also reflected in Indigenous Education Law in Taiwan. This case study is based on the theory of indigenous community-based education and focuses on the first indigenous integrated secondary school in Taiwan, Lan-Yu High School, trying to understand the implementation of the school and the challenges it faced. The research was conducted from August 2007 to July 2008. Its data was collected through interviews with teachers, students, and community members, as well as by participant observation. The findings showed that the integrated secondary school improved educational equality for the most disadvantaged students, that the financial subsidies helped to promote balanced development of secondary education, and that

  1. The Preliminary Study on Benchmark- Price of the Collective Land in Village---Take LiangYu Village in Anhui Province as an Example%农村集体建设用地基准地价初步研究——以安徽省良玉村为例

    揣小伟; 黄贤金; 许益林


    以安徽省良玉村为例,对农村集体建设用地的地价内涵、估价方法、地价影响因素进行了研究,并从6个方面选取了影响土地价格最为密切的17个因子,采用层次分析法定级,其定级综合分值位于0.35—0.65之间,土地等级被划分为四个,主要评价单元属于二级水平。考虑集体建设用地的特点,采用收益还原法、成本逼近法、市场比较法计算样点地价,并采用平均值法分别确定商业用地、住宅用地、工业用地的基准地价。结果表明:对于商业用地和住宅用地,一级土地和二级土地之间的价格差异最大,其余各级土地之间的地价差异依次递减,表明土地质量越好,价格反映越敏感。同级土地价格变化范围的差异:商业用地价格级差大于住宅用地,住宅用地大于工业用地,表明与城镇建设用地相同,集体建设用地地价对土地质量敏感性的反应也是商业用地〉住宅用地〉工业用地。%Take LiangYu village in AnHui Province as an example, the land price connotation, estimating method and the influenced factors to the collective construction land in village had been studied. This paper had chosen 17 factors in 6 aspects which affect land quality and land grade closely, using the method of AHP, the value for land grade was calculated between 0.35 and 0.65, and according to the calculated values, four land grades had been divided, most of the evaluation units belonged to the second grade. This paper used the income capitalization method, the direct sales comparison method and the cost approximation method to calculate the sample land price, and according to the calculated results, benchmark-price had been made to commercial land, residential land and industrial land respectively. The results showed that: the price between the first and the second land grade had much difference to commercial land and residential land, the Benchmark

  2. 襄渝线HXD1型电力机车牵引性能仿真及试验研究%Simulation and Test Study on the Traction Performance of HXD1 Electric Locomotive on Xiang-Yu Line



    Simulation and line test on typical mountain railway of Xiang-Yu Line were conducted to study the feasibility and concerning problems for the operation of HXd1 (9 600 kW 8-axle locomotive) on line with long steep grades, based on which, reasonable tonnage of traction for this type of locomotive was provided for hauling freight train on typical mountain railway in western China. Study results show that the tonnage of traction for this type of locomotive should be no more than 4 500 t for line with 12. 8‰ gradient. Under fine weather condition, the adhesion utilization of the locomotive is good, operations such as starting on slopes, stopping and starting at stations with difficult conditions can be successfully completed. But the traction force is applied to the utmost and slight slips are found. Operations including starting on slopes and operating in stations with difficult conditions are suggested to be avoided under unfavorable adhesion conditions, such as, light rain, dense fog and so on. Compared with DC driven locomotives, when hauling freight train of same weight, AC driven locomotives can save 33. 6% energy. Moreover, the restoration of locomotive after neutral section is proved to be slow, which does not satisfy the requirement of quick restoration for operation on line with long steep grades. It is suggested to optimize the control logic of locomotive's neutral section passing.%选取典型山区铁路襄渝线,采用仿真计算和线路试验相结合的方法,研究HXD1型8轴9 600 kW电力机车在山区铁路长大坡道地段应用的可能性及存在的问题,确定该型机车牵引货物列车在西部典型线路上运行时合理的牵引定数.结果表明:在坡度为12.8‰的坡道上,该型机车的牵引定数不宜超过4 500 t;在天气良好的情况下,该型机车的黏着利用较好,能够在限制坡道起动,在困难车站完成出站等作业,但牵引力已经用到最大,并出现了轻微空转;建议在小雨、大

  3. Effect on Distribution and Expression ofμ-opioid Receptor in Hippocampus of Premenstrual Syndrome Liver-qi Stagnation Rat Model by Shu-Yu Capsule%舒郁胶囊对PMS肝气郁证模型大鼠海马μ阿片受体分布表达的影响

    王美艳; 宋春红; 薛玲


    目的:探讨经前期综合征(PMS)肝气郁证模型大鼠海马脑区μ阿片受体(MOR)分布形态、蛋白水平表达,初步揭示PMS肝气郁证的发生机理及舒郁胶囊对该病证的干预作用.方法:采用慢性束缚应激法复制PMS肝气郁证模型大鼠,分别予以调肝方药舒郁胶囊进行干预.采用免疫荧光标记(IF)和蛋白免疫印迹(WB)技术对各组大鼠海马CA1、CA3脑区MOR进行检测.结果:与正常组大鼠相比,模型组大鼠海马脑区MOR分布排列杂乱且蛋白含量增多(P<0.01),给予药物干预后,MOR蛋白含量基本恢复至正常水平.结论:PMS肝气郁证的发病机理可能与大鼠海马中CA1、CA3区 MOR高表达有关;舒郁胶囊可以有效纠正其恢复近正常水平,这可能是舒郁胶囊治疗PMS肝气郁证的中枢机制之一.%This study was aimed to discuss the distribution and protein expression level ofμ-opioid receptor (MOR) in hippocampus of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) liver-qi stagnation rat model, in order to initially reveal the action mechanism of PMS liver-qi stagnation and intervention effect ofShu-Yu (SY) capsule. Chronic restraint stress method was used to copy PMS liver-qi stagnation rat model.SY capsule ofTiao-Gan prescription was given as intervention. Immunofluorescence (IF) and western blot (WB) technique were used to detect MOR in hippocampal CA1 and CA3 brain area of rats from each group. The results showed that compared with the normal group, the hippocampus MOR distribution arrangement was messy with increased protein concentration in the model group (P< 0.01). After drug intervention, the MOR protein level returned to normal level. It was concluded that the pathogenesis of PMS liver-qi stagnation may be associated with high expression of MOR in hippocampus CA1 and CA3 region of rats. SY capsule can effectively correct and restore it to nearly normal level. It may be one of the central mechanisms in SY capsule treatment of PMS liver-qi stagnation.



    Adhesive traction test of HXD3 locomotive under simulated rain conditions HAN Chang-hu1, LIU Jie-min2, XU Hao-dong1, SONG Yu-ping1 (1. West Jinan Locomotive Depot, Jinan 250117, China; 2. Jinan Railway Administration, Jinan 250001, China)Abstract: To study the impact of severe weather on HXD3 locomotive adhesive traction force, Jinan Rail- way Administration conducted a adhesive traction test of HXD3 locomotive under simulated rain conditions and accumulated large amount of data for reference.

  5. 胡仔与严羽诗学观之比较——以《苕溪渔隐丛话》与《沧浪诗话》为视角%Comparison of the Poetics of Hu Zi and Yan Yu Based on "Series of Poetic Notes Taken by the Recluse of the Brook Tiao" and "Cang Lang Notes on Poetry"



    "Series of Poetic Notes Taken by the Recluse of the Brook Tiao" (《苕溪渔隐丛话》) is one of the top three poetry collections of Song Dynasty, " Cang Lang Notes on Poetry"(《沧浪诗话》)is one of the best three poetry anthologies of Song Dynasty. Both Hu Zi and Yah Yu led a great comprehensive summary and a deep reflection. Poetics of both are identical: thinking highly of literary writings of Qu Yuan, poetries of dynasties Han, Wei, Jin and Tang, pursuit of beauty for ensemble and the beauty introverted, with creations emphasized. There are also some differences in their points Song Dynasty, the view they hold of characters, and the promote the self-construction of the criticism system of the of view : attitudes of criticism towards the poetries of profundity of their personal style. They two truly poetics of Song Dynasty.%《苕溪渔隐丛话》是宋代三大诗话总集之一,《沧浪诗话》是宋代三大诗话别集之一。胡、严二人都对宋代诗学进行了全面总结和深刻反思。他们的诗学观既有相合处:如推崇诗骚、汉魏、晋、盛唐,追求诗歌的整体美与含蓄美,注重创新等;也有差异处:对宋诗的批评态度不同,二人提出的师法对象有别,以体派论诗的精深度有别等。他们促进了宋代诗学批评理论体系自身的建构。

  6. 马克思文化人类学视角下的非物质文化遗产表演艺术传承研究——以广东郁南禾楼舞为例%Non-material cultural heritage for the performing arts under the Marx's culture anthropological perspective——take Guangdong Yu 'nan Qiao-he dance, for example



    The intangible cultural heritage has "rheology" features, the protection of it is urgent, the theory study of it is imminent. Many modern scholars adopt not mature theory, cannot effectively guide and protect intangible cultural heritage. In the face of this situation, we apply the Marxist theoretical analysis, especially targeted choose national nonmaterial cultural heritage - Guangdong Yu 'nan Qiao-he dance, such a typical case. As researchers in local culture, it is necessary to produce this kind of cultural consciousness, we have a responsibility to also have the mission guard this precious non-material cultural heritage of the history, present and future.%非物质文化遗产有着"流变性"的特性,对它的保护是刻不容缓的,对它的理论研究也是迫在眉睫的.当前众多非物质文化遗产研究的学者采用的多是没有被充分论证的不成熟理论,对指导和保护非物质文化遗产起不到应有的作用.面对此种现实情况,我们应尽快运用马克思这样科学性理论视角来进行分析,尤其是有针对性选择国家非物质文化遗产—广东郁南禾楼舞这样的典型个案展开论述.作为地方文化研究者,产生这种文化自觉是必要的,我们有责任也有使命守护着这份宝贵的非物质文化遗产的历史、现在以及未来.

  7. Comparative Study of Discourse Makers “yeah/yes”and “dui”from the Perspective of Multimodal Discourse Analysis:Taking Oprah Winfrey Show and Lu Yu You Yue as Examples%话语标记语“yeah/yes”与“对”的多模态话语对比分析--以电视访谈节目《奥普拉秀》和《鲁豫有约》为例

    赵颖; 张存颖


    随着多媒体技术的发展,人们发现单纯从语言角度已经不能对话语展开深入全面的分析和研究。话语标记语作为一种语言模态已不仅仅以文本模式出现,而是和图像、声音、动作、颜色等多种模态同时出现,共同完成语篇衔接的构建。本研究以《奥普拉秀》和《鲁豫有约》为研究对象,自建两个节目的文本和图片语料库,从多模态话语分析视角对比研究英、汉两种语言使用话语标记语的情况。研究发现英、汉话语标记语在话轮、接触及手势的运用上差异不大,在社会距离及视点的选取上存在显著性差异。%With the development of multimedia technology,people find it impossible to conduct an intensive and compre-hensive analysis on discourses simply from the perspective of language.Discourse Makers as a kind of language mode, not only appear in text mode,but also appear simultaneously with other modes to complete the construction of discourse cohesion,such as:image,sound,action and color,etc.In this study,Oprah Winfrey Show and Lu Yu You Yue are used as the research objects,and corpus of words and pictures are built based on the two TV programs in order to make a com-parative study of English and Chinese discourse makers from the perspective of multimodal discourse analysis.The study found that the differences between English and Chinese makers are not significant in such aspects as:turn,contact,and gesture;while the differences in social distance and perspective are significant.

  8. 谈《马氏文通》到《新著国语文法》前中国的语法研究(下)--纪念劭西师《新著国语文法》出版九十年%Chinese Grammar Study:from"MaShiWenTong"(《马氏文通》)to"XinZhuGuoYuWenFa"(《新著国语文法》)(Ⅱ)



    1898《马氏文通》到1924《新著国语文法》前中国语法研究分两个阶段。本文上篇谈前段“词本位”体系文法,已发表于本刊总第19辑。这里属下篇,谈后段“句本位”体系文法。“句本位”体系文法初建的原因和条件:国语运动的胜利,代替文言成为正式书面语;国外语言学类型理论、重句法文法体系引进,文法研究方法和文法与逻辑关系探索。所建体系基本内容:文法研究重视句中词的位置次序,以句子的结构和类型研究为重点。分词法(词类)、句法两部门,前者为后者服务;文法单位有词、语、句三级。词类继承前段研究分九品,继用“假借”说,说明词的转类;提出按句法成分位置辨分词品。句子整体结构分主语谓语:主语可含形容性附加语;谓语可含副词性附加语,谓语动词可带宾语、足语;谓语形容词和同动词后成分是表语。谈说句成分所任词语种类、变化和句子结构简式、复式及相互转化。认识句法结构蕴含语义关系并注意二者的结合分析。句子类型,按组织结构分单句、复句;按语气分直述句、疑问句、祈使句、感叹句。用表格法、图解法显示文法分析结果。行文有“附则”、“注意”,配合正文又适合教学需要。书后附标点符号用法,表现语法与标点符号关系密切;也反映新文化运动胜利,国语代替文言的一个成果。“句本位”文法体系的初建,是1922—1923年多位学者多年辛苦探索的成果;也为由《马氏文通》“词本位”科学体系发展为《新著》“句本位”科学体系奠定了基础。%From 1898’s“MaShiWenTong”(《马氏文通》)to 1924’s“XinZhu GuoYuWenFa”(《新著国语文法》), Chinese grammar study is divided into two stages. The first part of this article talks about the first stage: the generation of word based

  9. Chuancheng yu gengxin: Liu Mei sheng yu Minguo shiqi de shixue%传承与更新:留美生与民国时期的史学



    @@ As it has long been acknowledged that historians do not simply write objectivehistories, but are themselves products of Specific times and places, there is littlequestion that histories of historiography can provide important insights. ProfessorLi Chunlei, of Tianjin Polytechnic University, contributes to our understandingof the origins of the modem discipline of history in China by focusing on theimportant role of returned students from the U.S. in fostering its developmentand shaping its direction.

  10. Ka Pu Te Ruha, Ka Hao Te Rangatahi: Changes in Maori Warfare between the Period Prior to First European Contact and the End of the New Zealand Wars


    these weapons before. During the assault of a pa in Taranaki, the Nga Puhi used their limited muskets to defeat the will of the opposition . Upon seeing...Maori warfare. As contact between Maori and European developed, the variety of goods demanded for weapons expanded. Preserved tattooed heads and female... sex slaves joined introduced items such as pigs and potatoes as suitable currency. Slaves were previously only taken as revenge or to deliberately

  11. 从陆家豪案看独立董事的义务和责任%Independent Director's Duties and Responsibilities from Lu Jia-hao Case

    阳明武; 阳明光



  12. 辨证治疗氯氮平所致多涎症%Comprehensive Treatment for the Sialism Caused by Leopones-Hao weide

    郝维德; 吕晓敏; 徐春军; 张成华; 周胜红



  13. "The Cow Loves To Learn": The Hao-Xue-Xin Learning Model as a Reflection of the Cultural Relevance of "Zhima Jie," China's "Sesame Street."

    Li, Jin; Li, Jimei


    Examined the cultural basis and relevance of "Zhima Jie," a Chinese adaptation of "Sesame Street." Found that most of 3- to 6-year-olds in the sample desired books and learning materials, with disadvantaged children more likely than more advantaged children to desire books and learning materials. Older children showed a greater…

  14. 韩非的德法观%On Han Fei's "moral" and "law" concept JIN Hao-hui



    Han Fei's"moral"and"law"concept is based on"everyone has a selfish heart"of human nature.He criticized the Confucian ethics and thinking of "rule by virtue",transforming the concept of moral by legalist way,which is not to deny the moral.Han Fei hopes to achieve ideal moral realm through the rule of law.Law,method and tendency of the governing policies is based on Han Fei's"moral"and"law"concept.Han Fei's"moral"and"law"concept has a profound influence on the development of history,and inspired China's socialist construction.%韩非的德法观是建立在"人皆挟自为心"的人性论之上的,他对儒家的道德仁义和"德治"思想的批判、对道德概念的法家式改造,并不是为了否定道德自身,而是希望通过法治实现理想的道德境界。韩非德法观发展的结果是以法为主、法术势相结合的统治理念的提出,其"德""法"观对后来历史的发展影响深远,并对当代中国治国方略的抉择多有鉴借。

  15. Ozhirenie sredi bol'nykh, obrativshikhsya za meditsinskoy pomoshch'yu (dannye krupnogo otechestvennogo epidemiologicheskogo issledovaniya

    M Yu Drobizhev


    Full Text Available Research objective: to study obesity among 10541 patients in therapeutic, neurologik and cardiologikal practices in 29 cities of the Russian Federation from St.-Petersburg to Vladivostok (COMPASS program. All patients are divided on two groups: with obesity (average BMI=33,7+4,1 kg/m2, and without this disease (average BMI=24,4+3,0 kg/m2. Groups were compared under demographic characteristics; features of a medical route; somatic and mental state. 20% from all patients in mentioned practices in various cities of Russia have obesity. Patients with obesity are predominantly women (middle age 54,0+12,0 year. For these patients low social and economic status (with low educational level, absence of employment, loneliness etc. are characteristic. Patients with obesity are more often observe in cardiological practice. They suffer from cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. The hypothesis about obesity formation within mental disorders (depression, food addiction - dependence on food is presented. Possibility of treatment of patients with the help of sibutramine is discussed.

  16. Back to Business ——China and ASEAN bond via economic cooperation By Yu Lintao


    Though territorial disputes exist between China and some ASEAN nations in the South China Sea, the multiple economic cooperation mechanisms between China and ASEAN have deepened their overall relationship.

  17. Kan Yu Ret an Rayt en Ingles: Children Become Literate in English as a Second Language.

    Hudelson, Sarah


    Research on second language reading and writing development in children suggests (1) children who speak little English are reading some of the print in their environment, (2) they can read English before they have complete oral control of it, (3) their comprehension is influenced by their knowledge and culture, and (4) their second language…


    O B Ershova


    Full Text Available Aim: Study offactors influencing on the fractures of proximal femur not connected with osteoporosis. Material and methods: Study is based on the simultaneous and prospective clinical-epidemiological study in patients of Yaroslavl aged 50 and more with proximal femoral fractures. Radiological method of assessment of femoral fractures followed by radiomorphological analysis of hip joints radiographs was used. Control group standardized by sex and age included persons without fractures and was numbered twice more than experimental group. Results: In 132 out of 133 cases the fractures were connected with falling down and only in one case with lifting the load. Accidental falling in males were reliably more frequent as compared with other reasons of falling (p=0.03. In females the fallings connected with cardiovascular diseases and cerebral disturbances reliably prevailed. Decreasing of points in psychodiagnostic test (MMST lower than 24 is the risk factor of fallings (OP-3.022, p<0.01. Conclusion: Aside from osteoporotic process during femoral fractures one should consider other factors, such as anatomical peculiarities of proximal femur, body mass, height and concomitant diseases.

  19. Xinjiang Keji Rencai dui Chuangxin Huanjin de Neiyin Pingjia Moxing Goujian yu Shizheng Yanjiu

    Tan, Chunping; Tang, ChaoYing; Jiannong, Shi


    Innovation environment is the key factor to give full play to the dynamic role of the scientific talents. The article has investigated and analyzed the environmental factors and the degree of satisfaction of Xinjiang scientific talents in innovation activities by implicit theory, and structured...... evaluation index system of innovation environment on Xinjiang scientific talents, then evaluated the innovation environment of Xinjiang scientific talents through the two order structural equation model and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method. The results show that: the whole innovation environment...... of Xinjiang scientific talents has been in the general level, and it has a better organizational support and cultural atmosphere , the second is innovation network and innovation resources, lacking in the material foundation, social security; The enterprise scientific talents has the highest evaluation...

  20. Kan Yu Ret an Rayt en Ingles: Children Become Literate in English as a Second Language.

    Hudelson, Sarah


    Research on second language reading and writing development in children suggests (1) children who speak little English are reading some of the print in their environment, (2) they can read English before they have complete oral control of it, (3) their comprehension is influenced by their knowledge and culture, and (4) their second language…

  1. The Sensible and Romantic Yu Zhaoping%理性与浪漫的俞兆平



    @@ 学生们对老师的了解往往起源于一些小道和趣闻,我刚考入厦大时,宿舍里住着一位"研三"的师姐,她在厦大已经呆了七年了,知道很多事,平日里无聊,她便和我们讲述老厦大的种种人情与物语.我是俞先生的弟子,先生也就自然地成为了她和我的话题.

  2. *Corresponding author. E-mail:


    copper(II) with correlation coefficient of 0.9994 and the detection limit of 0.99 ng mL-1. ... iron absorption from the gastrointestinal system. It is involved in the transport of .... at maximum wavelengths using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer. Results ...

  3. Yu Hua’s Brothers in and out of China:A Critical Review



    This article offers a critical review of the existing evaluation of Brothers,both the Chinese and English texts,focused on reviews of the English translation,through which the reception of the novel is examined.It is found that unlike the heated controversy over the novel in China,Brothers received warm critical reception in the English-speaking world,though also with criticism.However,there are still insufficient reviews of the English version,concerning its translation quality and style.Thus,"translator’s invisibility"is still a common phenomenon.It is therefore concluded that a sociological analysis of its production,circulation and reception in the target culture is both significant and worthwhile to shed new light on the mechanism by which Chinese literature can be successfully exported.

  4. Yu Hua’s Brothers in and out of China:A Critical Review



    This article offers a critical review of the existing evaluation of Brothers,both the Chinese and English texts,focused on reviews of the English translation,through which the reception of the novel is examined.It is found that unlike the heated controversy over the novel in China,Brothers received warm critical reception in the English-speaking world,though also with criticism.However,there are still insufficient reviews of the English version,concerning its translation quality and style.Thus,“translator’s invisibility” is still a common phenomenon.It is therefore concluded that a sociological analysis of its production,circulation and reception in the target culture is both significant and worthwhile to shed new light on the mechanism by which Chinese literature can be successfully exported.

  5. Biological Evaluation of ChuangYuLing Dressing-A Multifunctional Medicine Carrying Biomaterial

    PENG Rui; ZHENG Qixin; HAO Jie; ZOU Yang; CHENG Jie


    The safety of Chuangyuling (CYL) dressing-a multifunctional medicine carrying biomaterial was evaluated in order to provide foundation for the application of CYL as material used in the wound healing. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) extract solution was compounded with scaffolds (gelatin and Bletilla hyacinthine gum), and then frozen and dried to form spongy and porous material CYL. According to the standard of biological evaluation of medical devices that was instituted by the ministry of health of China[1] , the biological evaluation of CYL dressing was conducted. The results showed that all the contents of biological evaluation test consisting of acute toxicity, skin irritation, sensitization and cytotoxicity met the requirement of standards. It was concluded that the biomaterial carrying TCM (CYL dressing) is safe for application of wound healing.

  6. Shanxi to Institute Permanent Mechanism Protecting Migrant Workers——An interview with Yu Youjun



    @@ EDITOR'S NOTE:On June 1,2007,the Standing Committee of the Shanxi Provincial People's Congress approved a local decree entitled the Regulations on Protection of the Rights and Interests of Migrant Workers,which became effective on July 1,2007.The Regulations,the first local legislation of its kind ever adopted by a Chinese province,immediately followed exposure of some shocking cases in which hundreds of migrant workers from poverty-stricken rural areas,including junior and mentally retarded citizens,were held in virtual slavery at illegally-run brickworks in the province.

  7. Yizhi jiaoyizhe, fangdichan paomo yu fangdichan zhengce: jian lun zhongguo fangdichan zhengce

    Bao, T.; Wang, Y.


    HETEROGENOUS TRADERS, HOUSING BUBBLES AND POLICIES Based on the classical De Long et al (1990), we build a model of housing bubbles to analyze the role of market imperfections (noise traders, liquidity constraint, limited liability and weak property rights protections, etc) and their interactions in


    S. SH. Aytov


    Full Text Available The purpose of this work is to study the cognitive interferences philosophical and social sciences and humanities. The aim of the article is to analyze the cognitive interaction of historical anthropology and semiotics in the space of philosophical-cultural concepts Lotman. Methodology. The methodology of this work includes the theoretical approaches, such as system-structural method, interdisciplinary method, comparative and source study methods. Teoretical basis and results. Philosophy of Culture Lotman contains a large number of cognitive dimensions. Significant role in the cognitive universe of his work is semiotics and historical anthropology. However interaction of these semiotic components of Lotman creation little explored yet. The latter applies to the redesign of the historical-anthropological ideas and research scientist. Conclusions. Understanding the interaction of cognitive semiotics and historical anthropology in the space of culture philosophy of Lotman logically leads to the conclusion that the effectiveness of cognitive symbiosis methodological approaches these sciences. In particular, the cognitive structure allows us to study the underlying causes of the motives and actions of individuals and entire societies past. The realization of semiotic, historical and anthropological methods allows us to analyze the underlying mechanisms of the spiritual culture and social and cultural institutions of societies from different historical periods.

  9. Shuang Yu: Vertical and Horizontal Dimensions of China's Extraordinary Learning Village

    Boshier, Roger; Huang, Yan


    The Chinese Communist Party has invoked the Faure report as part of a large-scale learning initiative involving 61 cities and numerous streets, neighbourhoods and villages. By embracing western ideas and infusing them with Chinese characteristics, the Central School of the Communist Party has embarked on what looks increasingly like the 5th…

  10. Analysis of Psychological Growth of the Main Character in Chenlun by Yu Dafu

    Xuc Lin


    Full Text Available Article discusses the psychological aspect of the main character in the novel “Chen Lun”. The feelings of inferiority and loneliness are his initial mental states. The latter is caused by two factors: the social and personality factors while the former is caused by the political condition in China at that time and the fact that the Japanese underestimate the Chinese people. The writer uses Freud’s theory on the structure of personality and conflict, anxiety, and the defense mechanism to analyze the process of the psychological development of the main character. In the end of the story, the main character commits suicide since “he” cannot only solve the problem of his loneliness and inferiority but also he feels guilty of his wrongdoing which crushes his-ideal-self. The guilty feeling haunts him in such a way that he even denies himself.


    S. Sh. Aytov


    Full Text Available The purpose of this work is to study the cognitive interferences philosophical and social sciences and humanities. The aim of the article is to analyze the cognitive interaction of historical anthropology and semiotics in the space of philosophical-cultural concepts Lotman. Methodology. The methodology of this work includes the theoretical approaches, such as system-structural method, interdisciplinary method, comparative and source study methods. Teoretical basis and results. Philosophy of Culture Lotman contains a large number of cognitive dimensions. Significant role in the cognitive universe of his work is semiotics and historical anthropology. However interaction of these semiotic components of Lotman creation little explored yet. The latter applies to the redesign of the historical-anthropological ideas and research scientist. Conclusions. Understanding the interaction of cognitive semiotics and historical anthropology in the space of culture philosophy of Lotman logically leads to the conclusion that the effectiveness of cognitive symbiosis methodological approaches these sciences. In particular, the cognitive structure allows us to study the underlying causes of the motives and actions of individuals and entire societies past. The realization of semiotic, historical and anthropological methods allows us to analyze the underlying mechanisms of the spiritual culture and social and cultural institutions of societies from different historical periods.

  12. Broadband enhanced transmission of acoustic waves through serrated metal gratings

    Qi, Dong-Xiang; Fan, Ren-Hao; Deng, Yu-Qiang; Peng, Ru-Wen; Wang, Mu; Jiangnan University Collaboration

    In this talk, we present our studies on broadband properties of acoustic waves through metal gratings. We have demonstrated that serrated metal gratings, which introduce gradient coatings, can give rise to broadband transmission enhancement of acoustic waves. Here, we have experimentally and theoretically studied the acoustic transmission properties of metal gratings with or without serrated boundaries. The average transmission is obviously enhanced for serrated metal gratings within a wide frequency range, while the Fabry-Perot resonance is significantly suppressed. An effective medium hypothesis with varying acoustic impedance is proposed to analyze the mechanism, which was verified through comparison with finite-element simulation. The serrated boundary supplies gradient mass distribution and gradient normal acoustic impedance, which could efficiently reduce the boundary reflection. Further, by increasing the region of the serrated boundary, we present a broadband high-transmission grating for wide range of incident angle. Our results may have potential applications to broadband acoustic imaging, acoustic sensing and new acoustic devices. References: [1] Dong-Xiang Qi, Yu-Qiang Deng, Di-Hu Xu, Ren-Hao Fan, Ru-Wen Peng, Ze-Guo Chen, Ming-Hui Lu, X. R. Huang and Mu Wang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 011906 (2015); [2] Dong-Xiang Qi, Ren-Hao Fan, Ru-Wen Peng, Xian-Rong Huang, Ming-Hui Lu, Xu Ni, Qing Hu, and Mu Wang, Applied Physics Letters 101, 061912 (2012).

  13. Space-Time Processing for Tactical Mobile Ad Hoc Networks


    Krishnamurthy was elected to Senior Member of the IEEE. John Proakis received the inaugural Athanasios Papoulis award from the European Signal...Conference, September 2006, (with Tiejun Wang and James Zeidler). Athanasios Papoulis Award received on September 6, 2007, fro Processing Society “For

  14. Xiismen og dens kritikere

    Mulvad, Andreas Møller


    Kinas venstrefløj står i et klassisk dilemma i jagten på et alternativ til Xi Jinpings autoritære kapitalisme: Skal man fastholde de traditionelle bondefællesskaber eller søge inspiration i en urban arbejderklasse efter vestligt forbillede? To toneangivende intellektuelle, bondelederen Wen Tiejun...

  15. The MIIT Published the Name List of the First Batch of Enterprises Conforming to the ”Standardization Conditions for Aluminum Industry”


    <正>On April 15,the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology published the name list of the first batch of 36 enterprises conforming to the"Standardization Conditions for Aluminum Industry".Luo Tiejun,Deputy Director of the Department of Raw Material

  16. 从《文化苦旅》看余秋雨散文的语言整齐美%Appreciating the Tidiness and Terseness of YU Qiu-yu's Prose in "Cultural Pilgrim"





    Yuri G. Leonov


    Full Text Available The review summary states that studies of the hierarchical subordination of geodynamic systems is top in the scientific agenda, and researches of orientation of the Earth’s surface deformation structures in relation to the elements of the stress field are important. It is noted that the proposed classification of geological objects by ranks is ambiguous, and there is a need for a geodynamic model to provide a basis for studying relationships between the fields of forces, stresses and strains on the surface and processes which take place deep in the core and mantle of the Earth.

  18. Innovation Guides the Global Household Electrical Appliance Industry——an exclusive interview with Haier's Vice-president, Yu Zida


    @@ Editor's Note: After two decades of development Haier has become the fourth largest white goods manufacturer in the world, and one of the most valuable brands in China. In 2007, Haier's global turnover was more than 100 billion RMB.

  19. BaoLi Yu ErTong De FaZhan (Violence and Young Children's Development). ERIC Digest.

    Wallach, Lorraine B.

    This digest examines the developmental consequences for children who are the victims of or witnesses to family and community violence. A baby's ability to trust depends upon the family's ability to provide consistent caregiving, which is compromised when the infant's family lives in a community racked by violence. When they reach toddlerhood,…

  20. "yu fou"(与否) and textual cohesive function%"与否"及其篇章衔接功能




  1. Degradation and cupric corrosion caused by corrosive sulfur in insulating oil; Zetsuen`yu no rekka to ryuka fushoku

    Tsuchie, M.; Miyamoto, T. [Mitsubishi Electric Corp., Tokyo (Japan)


    As the voltages and capacities of transformers have been increased, a higher reliability of insulating oil has been demanded. Since the 1970s, sulfurization and streaming electrification of a copper product have attracted attention. In the 1970s, an insulating oil refining method was changed from sulfuric acid refining to hydrogenation refining. In the 1980s, an insulating oil to which benzotriazole (BTA) effective for suppression of streaming electrification is added came to be used. Although the degradation of an insulating oil and the sulfurization in the oil are different phenomena, it has been found out that copper takes part in both of these phenomena. This paper describes the examination of the effect of BTA on the oxidation degradation and sulfurization of insulating oil. The examination was made by using an oxidation degradation evaluation apparatus developed from the above-mentioned viewpoint. The results of the examination show that BTA is very effective in suppressing the oxidation degradation and sulfurization of insulating oil. 11 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

  2. Gasoline engine oil durability on fuel economy improvement performance; Engine yu no nenpi kaizen koka no jizokusei

    Akiyama, K.; Kikuchi, T.; Sugiyama, S.; Ashida, T.; Tanaka, I. [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)


    The following reports the gasoline engine oil durability on fuel economy improvement performance. As a sample oil, ECII (5W-30) in the market, a prototype oil X where the viscosity was reduced up to 5W-20 to increase the fuel economy improvement effect and organic Mo FM as a friction modifier (FM) was increased, and Y (5W-20) where the organic Mo FM was increased as compared with X and sulfuric additive was added were used, and then the durability of the effect and the viscosity/friction coefficient/amount of additive remainder of the used oil were investigated by the actual running up to 16000km. The result revealed that X and Y had a higher fuel economy improvement effect than ECII at the initial stage of driving but the effect decreased at approximately 4000 km and 12000 km for X and Y, respectively, and the reduction in the fuel economy effect was caused by the increase in the friction coefficient due to the consumption of organic Mo FM in oil due to deterioration or the increase in the HTHS viscosity. 5 refs., 15 figs., 1 tab.

  3. On the Romanticism Art in Xu Yu's Novels%论徐(訏)小说的浪漫主义艺术




  4. Yi zhi xing jiao yi zhe, fangdichan paomo yu fangdichan zhengce: jian lun zhongguo de fangdichan zhengci

    Bao, T.; Wang, Y.


    Based on the classical De Long et al (1990), we build a model of housing bubbles to analyze the role of market imperfections (noise traders, liquidity constraint, limited liability and weak property rights protections, etc) and their interactions in the formation of housing bubbles. We show that the

  5. Treatment wastewater containing dyestuffs by adsorption technology; Kyuchaku gijutsu ni yoru senryo gan`yu haisui no shori

    Yoshida, H. [University of Osaka Prefecture, Osaka (Japan). Faculty of Engineering


    For treatment of wastewater containing dyestuffs, the adsorption/separation recovery method using chitosan fiber was studied. Acid orange as acid dye and brilliant yellow as direct dye were used in experiment, and the pH, inorganic electrolyte and temperature dependency of dye adsorption into chitosan fiber were studied together with the dissolution curve of dyestuffs by NaOH aqueous solution. The result showed the possibility of adsorption, dissolution and concentrating recovery of dyestuffs. This method has the following features: (1) Efficient separation of dyestuffs and water + dyeing auxiliaries from dyeing wastewater, (2) recycling of water and dyeing auxiliaries in dyeing process, (3) high- concentrating recovery of dyestuffs by NaOH aqueous solution and recycling of fibers, (4) separation of dyestuffs from NaOH aqueous solution by cooling and salting out of desorption solution, (5) recycling of NaOH aqueous solution in desorption process, and (6) the possible closed system discharging no new wastewater in wastewater treatment. 7 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

  6. 简评韩愈的天人感应观%On Han Yu's Telepathy Outlook Between Man and Heaven




  7. Liver function tests in workers with occupational exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): comparison with Yusho and Yu-Cheng

    Fischbein, A.


    The results of liver function tests in a population manufacturing capacitors and transformers are presented. Two clinical field examinations were performed, one in 1976 when PCBs were still used in the manufacturing of the electrical equipment and one at the end of 1979, 2.5 years after discontinuation of PCBs use. A low prevalence of abnormal liver function tests was found and mean values for all tests were within normal laboratory ranges. At the initial examination, weak, but statistically significant correlations were found between log LDH and plasma levels of log HPCB (higher chlorinated congeners of polychlorinated biphenyls) and log TPCB (total polychlorinated biphenyls) among the female workers, while log el-GTP correlated significantly only with log HPCB among the male workers. A significant increase to abnormal levels of el-GTP was noted at the follow-up examination in both male and female workers, and preliminary results indicate significant correlations between el-GTP and serum levels of PCBs among the male workers. These findings are in accordance with previously reported data on populations occupationally exposed to PCBs, but differ from hepatic biochemistry findings in accidental poisonings due to ingestion of cooking oil contaminated with PCBs and related compounds, i.e., polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and polychlorinated quaterphenyls (PCQs). Hence, the importance of considering the related compounds as etiologic factors in PCB poisoning is emphasized.

  8. May the Flower of Xi Yu Be More and More Brilliant——Xinjiang Corps Acrobatic General Troupe in Russia



    Invited by Russia St Petersburg Experiment Create Performing Company and approved by Ministry of Culture, a 25-member performing group from Xinjiang Corps Acro- batic General Troupe went to Russia and Byelorussia on June 5,2006.During their 70-day performing tour,they covered 13,000 kilometers and gave 45 shows.The num- ber of the audience reached about 60,000 in total.

  9. From Memorial to Comedy : Texture, Events and Feelings of Jiang Hao's Poetry%从《纪念》到《喜剧》:蒋浩诗歌的理、事、情




  10. 医院就诊肠易激综合征患者精神障碍共病的临床观察%Psychiatric comorbidities in patients referred for irritable bowel syndrome HAO Jing-xin,

    郝靖欣; 韩麦; 段丽萍; 葛颖; 黄悦勤


    目的 通过人格及精神障碍评估问卷了解医院就诊肠易激综合征(IBS)患者精神障碍的共病状况.方法 顺序纳入2008年11月至2010年3月北京大学第三医院消化科门诊就诊、符合罗马Ⅲ标准的IBS患者83例,由经过培训的人员通过人格诊断问卷4(PDQ-4)、复合型国际诊断交谈(CIDI)表进行人格障碍、躯体形式障碍及其他精神障碍诊断.结果 83例IBS患者中男43例,女40例,年龄(38±14)岁.其中便秘型20例(24.1%)、腹泻型31例(37.3%)、混合型15例(18.1%)、未分型17例(20.5%).(1)62例(74.7%)患者被检出1型或多型人格障碍,性别差异无统计学意义,其中以强迫和回避为特征的焦虑-抑制类(C组)人格障碍最多(58例,69.9%).存在人格障碍者躯体形式障碍检出率为46.8%(29/62),高于无人格障碍者[19.0%(4/21),P=0.025].(2)IBS患者的CIDI-3.0精神障碍终生患病率44.6%(37例),显著高于对照组,性别差异无统计学意义.焦虑与心境障碍是最多见的精神障碍共病类型,分别为21例(25.3%)和19例(22.9%).物质滥用和依赖、间歇性暴发障碍分别检出9例(10.8%)和7例(8.4%).腹泻型IBS患者精神障碍共病率最高(58.1%,18/31),但不同IBS亚组之间精神障碍检出率差异无统计学意义.(3)IBS患者中33例(39.8%)存在躯体形式障碍,性别差异无统计学意义.各亚组间躯体形式障碍检出率差异无统计学意义.焦虑障碍同时合并躯体形式障碍者为61.9%(13/21),显著高于无焦虑障碍者[32.3%(20/62),P=0.016].结论 综合医院消化科就诊的IBS患者精神障碍共病较为常见,尤其是焦虑障碍和心境障碍.存在人格偏离及焦虑障碍的IBS患者更容易出现躯体形式障碍,消化专业医师应对此有充分认识并予以恰当治疗建议.%Objective To assess the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidities in patients referred for irritable bowel syndrome(IBS)with questionnaires for mental disorders.Methods A total of 83 IBS patients at our hospital were enrolled and assessed with the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire for DSM-IV,version 4(PDQ-4)and Composite International Diagnostic Interview,version 3.0 and 2.1(CIDI-3.0 & CIDI-2.1)by trained interviewers.Such items as personality dysfunction,mental disorder and somatization disorder were examined.Results The male-female ratio was 1.08/1.Their mean age was(38±14)years old.Among them,20 patients(24.1%)were constipation-predominant,31(37.3%)diarrheapredominant,15(18.1%)mixed and 17(20.5%)unclassified type.(1)Sixty-two(74.7%)patients scored positive for any personality dysfunction.There was no significant gender difference.The cluster C (anxious-fearful)personality disorder was most commonly found in IBS patients(n=58,69.9%).The prevalence of somatoform disorders plus personality dysfuntion was 46.8%(29/62).It was significantly higher than those without personality dysfunction[19.0%(4/21),P=0.025].(2)Thirty-seven patients (44.6%)had a lifetime CIDI-3.0 diagnosis.It was significantly higher than that in the general population.There was no gender difference.Anxiety and mood disorders were the most common types of psychiatric comorbidities[n=21(25.3%)and n=19(22.9%)respectively].The lifetime prevalence of alcohol or nicotine abuse and(or)dependence and intennittent explosive disorder were 10.8%(n=9)and 8.4%(n=7).Psychiatric comorbidities were most commonly found in diarrhea-predominant patients(58.1%).But there was no significant difference among the subgroups.(3)Thirty-three patients(39.8%)had somatoform disorders.Neither gender nor subgroup differencc wag observed.The IBS patients with anxiety disorders presented significantly more somatoform disorders than the remainders[61.9%(13/21)vs 32.3%(20/62),P=0.016 1.Conclusion Such psychiatric comorbidities as anxiety disorders and mood disorders are common in patients referred for IBS.The patients with personality dysfunction and(or)anxiety were more likely to suffer somatoform disorders.A gastroenterologist should grasp a thorough knowledge and make appropriate therapeutic recommendations for those patients.

  11. Improve Outpatient Service Skills with the Informationization/HUANG Hao, ZHAO Ping, LUO Xian-bin, et al%信息化提升门诊服务能力

    黄昊; 赵平; 罗贤斌; 沈世琴; 杨勇


    Objective: Improving the capacity of large scale hospital outpatient service to make patients feel better through information means. Method: Based on the ideas of information manage, we summarize the present outpatient workflows to meet the requirement of overall investigation, smooth work, well-aligned sorting, understood exposition. what's more, we take the advantage of wireless communication technology, electronic currency, two dimensional codes technology, medical knowledge base to build a smart outpatient service. Result: Relying on mobile Internet, outpatient service will extend to the cyber network from the real world. And this can cluster the consulting, seeing a doctor before diagnosis service, clinical follow-up visiting together to break through the small pattern with a double-sided win: social benefit and fine management. Conclusion: The rise of the mobile Internet has broken down the barriers to medical institutions and patient information communication barriers, that make the hospital development from scale expansion and digital medical to the elaborating management and intelligent medical.%目的:通过信息化手段提升大型医院门诊服务水平,更好地为广大患者服务。方法:采取信息建设管理先行的思路,通过对医院门诊现有的流程方法进行梳理总结,并利用新的计算机技术打造智慧门诊。结果:依托信息技术突破了门诊狭小的格局,取得了社会效益、精细管理双赢效果。结论:利用移动互联网的医院信息化架构重组是医院实习精细化管理,迈向智慧医疗的基础。

  12. 重读红色:浩然小说主人公眼里的阉割与乱伦%Red Reread: Castration and Incest for the People in Hao Ran's Stories



    @@ 文学作品总要放到上下文里来读.语境对于意义生产至关重要,也能让作品中未曾被发现的内容浮出水面.对社会主义中国"红色经典"的故事新编向我们揭示出原作情节与人物塑造本身潜在的意义或可能性.本篇论文以浩然(1932-2008)的两个短篇小说为例,说明将红色经典置于一个不同语境下进行重读也能产生同样效果.浩然也许是文化大革命时期最受欢迎的作家.他的长篇小说堪称"中国特色社会主义"真正的史诗,销量已经过百万;他的短篇小说在批评界受到的关注虽然不及长篇,却充分表现了阅读模式的变化如何影响文本的意义.然而,变化的阅读模式并不总是"事后"发生.

  13. 从"需要层次理论"看朱生豪莎剧翻译动因%On ZHU Sheng-hao's Motivating Powers of Translating Shakespearean Dramas from the Perspective of Need Hierarchy Theory




  14. Midazolam induces apoptosis in MA-10 mouse Leydig tumor cells through caspase activation and the involvement of MAPK signaling pathway

    So EC


    Full Text Available Edmund Cheung So,1,2 Yu-Xuan Lin,3 Chi Hao Tseng,1 Bo-Syong Pan,3 Ka-Shun Cheng,2 Kar-Lok Wong,2 Lyh-Jyh Hao,4 Yang-Kao Wang,5 Bu-Miin Huang2 1Department of Anesthesia, Tainan Municipal An Nan Hospital, China Medical University, Tainan, Taiwan; 2Department of Anesthesia, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan; 3Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan; 4Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Kaohsiung Veteran General Hospital Tainan Branch Tainan, Taiwan; 5Graduate Institute of Biomedical Materials and Tissue Engineering, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan Purpose: The present study aims to investigate how midazolam, a sedative drug for clinical use with cytotoxicity on neuronal and peripheral tissues, induced apoptosis in MA-10 mouse Leydig tumor cells. Methods: The apoptotic effect and underlying mechanism of midazolam to MA-10 cells were investigated by flow cytometry assay and Western blotting methods. Results: Data showed that midazolam induced the accumulation of the MA-10 cell population in the sub-G1 phase and a reduction in the G2/M phase in a time- and dose-dependent manner, suggesting an apoptotic phenomenon. Midazolam could also induce the activation of caspase-8, -9, and -3 and poly (ADP-ribose polymerase proteins. There were no changes in the levels of Bax and cytochrome-c, whereas Bid was significantly decreased after midazolam treatment. Moreover, midazolam decreased both pAkt and Akt expression. In addition, midazolam stimulated the phosphorylation of p38 and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase but not extracellular signal-regulated kinase. Conclusion: Midazolam could induce MA-10 cell apoptosis through the activation of caspase cascade, the inhibition of pAkt pathway, and the induction of p38 and c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase pathways. Keywords: midazolam, apoptosis, MA-10 cell, caspase, Akt, MAPKs

  15. MIIT:Adopt Seven Measures to Propel Transition and Upgrading of the Aluminum Industry


    Luo Tiejun,Deputy Director-general of the Department of Raw Materials,Ministry of Industry and Information Technology(MIIT),said at the China International Aluminum Forum 2014 on November 26 that the focus for the development of China’s aluminum industry should be placed on quality and benefit,as well as energy saving,emission reduction and sustainable development,the MIIT will drive

  16. Health advocacy organizations and the pharmaceutical industry: an analysis of disclosure practices.

    Rothman, Sheila M; Raveis, Victoria H; Friedman, Anne; Rothman, David J


    Health advocacy organizations (HAOs) are influential stakeholders in health policy. Although their advocacy tends to closely correspond with the pharmaceutical industry's marketing aims, the financial relationships between HAOs and the pharmaceutical industry have rarely been analyzed. We used Eli Lilly and Company's grant registry to examine its grant-giving policies. We also examined HAO Web sites to determine their grant-disclosure patterns. Only 25% of HAOs that received Lilly grants acknowledged Lilly's contributions on their Web sites, and only 10% acknowledged Lilly as a grant event sponsor. No HAO disclosed the exact amount of a Lilly grant. As highly trusted organizations, HAOs should disclose all corporate grants, including the purpose and the amount. Absent this disclosure, legislators, regulators, and the public cannot evaluate possible conflicts of interest or biases in HAO advocacy.

  17. Can yu rid guat ay rot? A Developmental Investigation of Cross-Linguistic Spelling Errors among Spanish-English Bilingual Students

    Howard, Elizabeth R.; Green, Jennifer D.; Arteagoitia, Igone


    This study contributes to the literature on cross-linguistic literacy relationships for English language learners, and in particular, the Spanish-influenced spelling patterns of Spanish-English bilinguals. English spelling, reading, and vocabulary assessments were administered to 220 students in four TWI programs over a three-year period, from…

  18. 《玉篇》在辞书编纂史上的贡献%Contributions of Yu Pian in Chinese Lexicography




  19. 萨特和曹禺的戏剧程式比较%Comparison between the theatrical conventionalization of sartre and cao yu




  20. Contrast between he and yu and error analysis%“和”“与”的对比研究及偏误分析



    It is inevitable for the learners to make mistakes during the process of language acquisition.On the basis of prede-cessors'research and a group of language materials, this article is concentrating on the problems of the overseas students'study on the“yu“ and“he” and doing further research on”he” “yu“ontology, abstracting the types of errors form of the second language learners through comparison and analysis ,making a summary of types of biased errors and the causes .Consequently to promote the second language learners 's language system to the target language system more perfect.%二语习得者在语言习得过程中常常会出现各种各样的错误。本文通过了解外国留学生学习“和”“与”这两个词时常常出现的一些问题,在前人研究成果的基础上,结合大量语料,深入研究“和”“与”的本体,进行对比分析后抽象出二语习得者的偏误类型,并加以总结,探讨了出现这些偏误的原因。旨在帮助二语习得者更好地掌握目的语。

  1. Poems like Witchcraft: on Yu Jian's Poems%有诗如巫——于坚诗歌片论



    @@ 因为确认诗歌不是可靠的知识,几乎是无原则地迷恋诗歌不择条件的蛊惑力,读于坚的诗,常常在诗中遭遇到与混沌亲和的、不求真解的抒情者.在于坚那里,诗歌不再是追求唯一答案的文化载体和思想载体.




    images between those two decades It can be concluded that in both writings, they have some similarities when describing love, mindset, and women's personality. The differences are about education, marriage, and women's position at feudalism and Renainsance decades.

  3. 论志留纪陕西珊瑚属Shensiphyllum Ge et Yü,1974%ON SILURIAN SHENSIPHYLLUM GE ET Y(U), 1974



    Shensiphyllum Ge et Yü,1974为丛状复体珊瑚,以发育一列马蹄型鳞板,羽榍扇形排列为主要特征,是志留纪四射珊瑚已知唯一发育马蹄型鳞板的属.该属在我国上扬子区广泛分布于上兰多维列统(Llandovery)特列奇阶(Telychian)中,主要产自川北、陕南的宁强组、云南大关的大路寨组(中、上Telychian阶))、湖北长阳的纱帽组及四川朝天的王家湾组(下特列奇阶).文中报道和描述川北朝天王家湾组中发现的3个新种Shensiphyllum simplex sp. nov., S. proliferum sp. nov., S. intermedium sp. nov..王家湾组是已知Shensiphyllum Ge et Yü产出的最低层位.详细讨论该属的骨骼构造特征、生长繁殖方式,探讨该属起源及其演化,根据新资料修订该属的属征,赞同将该属置Phacellophyllidae Wedekind科.

  4. 莫言余华小说的苦难叙事比较%The Comparative Study on Narrative Miseries between Mr.Mo Yan and Yu Hua




  5. Utility of Flexible Bronchoscopy in Intensive Care Unit: Experience of Türkiye Yüksek İhtisas Education and Research Hospital

    Sema Turan


    Full Text Available Objective: Fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB is the most frequently used tool for invasive pulmonary evaluation with high diagnostic yield and low incidence of major complications. These advantages led to increasing use of FOB in intensive care units. In this article, we discussed our experiences of FOB applications in mechanical ventilated critically ill patients. Materials and Methods: We investigated FOB procedures of 118 patients on mechanical ventilation for respiratory failure in intensive care unit retrospectively. All patients’ demographic data, indications, complications and arterial blood gas analyses belong to before and after bronchoscopy were evaluated. Results: FOB indications of the patients were 55.1% for mucoid plug clearance, 9.3% for treatment of atelectasia, 7.6% for identifying hemorrhagic foci, 17.8% for tracheostomy management, 6.8% for bronchoalveolar lavage and 3.4% for exploratory purposes. Overall complication rate of FOB was 11.9%. Arterial blood gas analyses statistically improved after FOB. Conclusion: In this study, we observed that FOB is being performed with many different indications and acceptable complication rates in our intensive care unit and also contributes to diagnose and treatment of intensive care patients. (Journal of the Turkish Society of Intensive Care 2010; 8: 48-53

  6. 平生足悲吒----論韓愈詩的憂憤悲懷/The Sadness of Life-Han Yu's Poetry of Grief and Sorrow

    Ming-chang LIN


    This paper is a study of the element of melancholy apprehension in Han Yu’s poetry. Han’s apprehension of melancholy, which up to now has received very little attention, is discussed in three aspects: (1 the fear of old age and sickness, (2 the fear of hunger and cold, and (3 the fear of death. Against the background of Han Yu’s unstable and uncertain life and career, the new reading and analysis show that melancholy lies at the very heart of his personality and writing.

  7. Numerical simulation of fiber suspension flow between parallel plates; Sen`i gan`yu ryutai no heiko heibankan nagare no suchi simulation

    Chono, S.; Makino, M. [Fukui University, Fukui (Japan). Faculty of Engineering


    Two-dimensional fiber suspension flow between parallel plates was simulated using the Dinh-Armstrong constitutive equation for semi-concentrated fiber suspensions. Sixth-order and fourth-order closure approximations were also evaluated. The velocity profile for the fiber suspension flow is flat compared with Newtonian flow, because the preferred angle for fibers is large in the channel center region, resulting in an increase in the local viscosity. The order parameter decreases and the preferred angle becomes large with increasing fiber concentration. The velocity field is accurately predicted by the equations with quadratic closure approximations used in this study, whereas the approximations do not provide satisfactory results for the orientation field. With respect to the order parameter, sixth-order closure approximation gives slightly less accurate predictions than fourth-order approximation. 22 refs., 13 figs.

  8. Skin Isografting of The Segregating Inbred Strain of YuYi Hairless Mice%分离近交系YYHL小鼠的皮肤移植

    康巧珍; 章金涛; 凌雁; 李洪涛; 王纯耀



  9. 二李词悲剧型美感溯源%The Origin of the Tragic Aesthetic Feeling of Ms. Li Qingzhao's and King Li Yu's Lyric Poetry




  10. Researches of Feng Yu - xiang Group and Its Relationship with Hebei Province%冯玉祥集团与河北地区关系探研




  11. Yu Dafu Meets Kawa Hasi on the Way of Sadness%郁达夫和川端康成:邂逅于"悲哀"之径




  12. The Analysis of Differences and Similarities of Eastern and Western Women’s Images in Liang Sanbo Yu Zhu Yingtai and Romeo and Juliet Novel

    Yenny Yenny


    Full Text Available Sanpek Engtay and Romeo Juliet are the two famous classic love novels from Eastern and Western countries. They are liked by many generation of eastern and western readers. Both novels describe the image of women at each decade. Engtay represents the image of women at feudalism era while Juliet represents it Renainsance era. In this article, the writer did research at education, marriage, love, women's personality, and women's position at each decade. Library research was done in this study with the purpose of letting people know the differences and similarities of women's images between those two decades It can be concluded that in both writings, they have some similarities when describing love, mindset, and women's personality. The differences are about education, marriage, and women's position at feudalism and Renainsance decades.

  13. A Preliminary Research on the Cultural Connotation of Zoroastrianism in Yu Hong's Tomb%虞弘墓祖祆教文化内涵试探




  14. Five Key Relationships Shall Be Well Treated in Power Reform——An interview with Dr.Yu Yanshan from SERC

    Sha Yiqiang; Ye Qing


    @@ The interviewee.being the deputy director of the Department of General Administration and concurrently the director of the Department of Research of the State Electricity Regulatory Commission(SERC),is in charge of the researches on supervisory policies about power industry.

  15. The Myth of Yu the Great and the Image of Monkey King%大禹神话与孙悟空形象




  16. 刘裕的猜忌心理与用人政策探析%Liu Yu's Suspicion and Jealousy in His Policy of Personnel Placement




  17. 赵云故里、故居辨证(上)%Differentiation of Zhao Yu's Native Place and His Former Residence



    故里与故居是相联系而有区别的两个概念。赵云籍贯,“常山真定”很明确,具体到乡里目前则无文献与文物资料证明。由于古今行政区划变迁,人们对于赵云故里形成了多种不同的看法。东垣、真定、东古城的变迁,真定、正定的由来变化以及房子临城沿革、民间传说、坟墓等,无不说明了赵云故里应依据《三国志·赵云传》“赵云,字子龙,常山真定人也”的记载,在东汉真定县(治今河北石家庄市长安区东古城)辖区内寻找,正定县城不会有赵云的故居,临城县不会是赵云的故里,故里碑不能作为确定赵云故里的依据。%Guli(native place) and Guju(former residence) are related but different. Changshan Zhending is Zhao Yun's definite native place;however,there are no documents and natural relics to testify where his village is. Owing to the changes of administrative division of the past and present,opinions on Zhao's na-tive place differ. Considering the changes of Dongyuan,Zhending and Donggucheng,the origin of Zhending and Zhengding,the evolution of houses,folktales and tombs,the confirmation of Zhao's native place should be based on "Zhao Yun,styled Zilong,residence of Changshan Zhending" recorded in History of Thre e Kindoms·The Life of Zhao Y un. Zhao's native place can be found in Zhending County of the Easter Han Dynasty (present Donggucheng,Chang'an District, Shijiazhuang,Hebei),and his former residence cannot be found in Zhengding County. Lincheng County is not Zhao's native place for a stone tablet of native place cannot be ascertained to be his native place.

  18. Differentiation of Zhao Yu's Native Place and His Former Residence%赵云故里、故居辨证(下)



    故里与故居是相联系而有区别的两个概念。赵云籍贯,“常山真定”很明确,具体到乡里目前则无文献与文物资料证明。由于古今行政区划变迁,人们对于赵云故里形成了多种不同的看法。东垣、真定、东古城的变迁,真定、正定的由来变化以及房子临城沿革、民间传说、坟墓等,无不说明了赵云故里应依据《三国志·赵云传》“赵云,字子龙,常山真定人也”的记载,在东汉真定县(治今河北石家庄市长安区东古城)辖区内寻找,正定县城不会有赵云的故居,临城县不会是赵云的故里,故里碑不能作为确定赵云故里的依据。%Guli(native place) and Guju(former residence) are related but different. Changshan Zhending is Zhao Yun's definite native place;however,there are no documents and natural relics to testify where his village is. Owing to the changes of administrative division of the past and present,opinions on Zhao's na-tive place differ. Considering the changes of Dongyuan,Zhending and Donggucheng,the origin of Zhending and Zhengding,the evolution of houses,folktales and tombs,the confirmation of Zhao's native place should be based on “Zhao Yun,styled Zilong,residence of Changshan Zhending” recorded in History of Thre e Kindoms·The Life of Zhao Y un. Zhao's native place can be found in Zhending County of the Easter Han Dynasty (present Donggucheng,Chang'an District, Shijiazhuang,Hebei),and his former residence cannot be found in Zhengding County. Lincheng County is not Zhao's native place for a stone tablet of native place cannot be ascertained to be his native place.

  19. 兰渝线化马隧道涌水处理%The Treatment of the Gushing Water in the Huama Tinnel of the Lan-Yu Railway



    The gushing water in the Huama Tunnel shows the main characteristics of being large in volume, high in pressure, strong in inter-connectivity and steady in waterhead, etc. The characteristics and properties of the gushing water are obtained by means of detailed geological exploration, advanced forecast of geological conditions, and performing advanced drilling to explore hydrogeological conditions, upon the basis of which a composite treating scheme of avoidance by circuitous heading in combination with the discharge tunnel is proposed. With the composite treating scheme adopted and the drainage for the tunnel properly dealt with, the excavation is safely performed through the section with gushing water.%化马隧道涌水为高压宽张岩溶裂隙水,具有水量大、压力高、涌水连续、贯通性好、补给水头稳定等特点。通过详细的地质勘探、地质超前预报、超前钻孔探测水情,掌握了涌水的特点和性质,提出了采用迂回导坑绕避结合泄水洞排水的处理方案,顺利的通过了隧道涌水段。




    @@ 于敦才1969年12月入伍,在中国人民解放军"后字281"部队、59241部队和总后工程总队先后担任班长、排长、助理员、股长、大队参谋长、加工厂副厂长、副总队长、总队长.现任中国新兴(集团)总公司党委书记、常务副总经理兼中国新兴建设开发总公司总经理.

  1. Effect of the state of stress on the strain-induced martensite formation in 03Kh14N11K5M2YuT steel

    Maltseva, L. A.; Loginov, Yu. N.; Maltseva, T. V.; Sharapova, V. A.


    The structural changes that occur in a metastable austenitic Fe-Cr-Ni-based steel during cold plastic deformation by drawing and tension are analyzed. A relation between the structure of the steel and its mechanical and magnetic properties is established. It is concluded that the stress state scheme considerably affects the rate of martensite formation.

  2. TattooYU: Tattooed Souvenirs from the Yugoslav People’s Army and Regimes of Memory of the Body Inscribed with Socialism

    Sandi Abram


    Full Text Available The paper focuses on the first mass imprints on the body in the entire region of the former Yugoslavia, which eternally marked members of its armed forces. Through bodies permanently imprinted with socialist history and narrations of tattooed solders from the Yugoslav People’s Army (YPA, I install tattoos from YPA in-between the subversion of power and the incorporation of the dominant ideology, in the antithesis between uniformity and subjectivity. Above all, tattoos from YPA function as a mnemotechnical practice of recollection of the cultural memory, which awakens narrations and the regimes of memory as well as the regimes of memorization of the YPA, socialism and the period of (post transition. Whereas the collected ethnographical material will sustain the claims made above, the situations in which the ethnography was impossible will be discussed further. Rejection, reflex silence or refusals of collaboration are all peculiar modes through which the paper emphasises the importance of the “ethnography of absent” (Telban. In this vein, they represent a fertile springboard to discuss notions of productive oblivion (Kuljić, forgetting (Ricoeur and the “eloquent reticence”. The recollection of negative sentiments (as a way of activating the past did not only materialize in tattooees’ non-responses. Tattoos from YPA also triggered practices of extreme permanent tattoo concealment (e.g. cicatrisation, cauterization that do not fit into the classical anthropological milieu as practices of embellishment, rites of passage, strengthening the pain-tolerance threshold, etc. Instead, I see these practices as a preliminary phase of oblivion and as ways of “deideologization”. Furthermore, the paper supplements Connerton's “habitual memory” preserved in the body and conserving the past in the memory, with its material constitutional side on the body – the tattoo.

  3. The restoring and protecting of PAN Yu-liang's oil paintings%潘玉良油画修复保护

    贾德芳; 刘文扬; 姚征帆



  4. 解读华都峪口禽业"产权式"农业模式%Explanation of the Yu kou Poultry's Property Right Agricultural Mode



    @@ "稳粮保供给、增收惠民生、改革促统筹、强基增后劲"--2010年中央一号文件用这20个字勾勒出了2010年的我国农业农村工作的基本思路,连续第七年锁定"三农".

  5. The research program in Dr. Fu-Shin X.Yu' s laboratory@International academic interflow@%于福興實驗室研究計劃


    1 Molecular regulation of corneal wound healing Rapid healing of the corneal epithelium in response to injury is essential for maintenance of its barrier function. The long-term goal of this project is to obtain basic information about the molecular and cell biology of corneal wound healing. The project will test the hypotheses that amyloid β/A4 precursor-like protein controls serine proteinase activity, mediates cell adhesion, and promotes cell migration during corneal reepithelialization. This study should provide the basis to begin constructing a detailed nap of the molecular pathways and interconnecting networks of proteins functioning in wound repair and to develop therapeutics for treatment of corneal diseases like recurrent erosions and persistent defects of the epithelium.2 Developing an ex vivo model for ocular irritation testThe objective of this project is to develop an ex vivo assay system to predict ocular irritation potential of test chemicals and consumer products. Our hypothesis has been that activation of these transcription factors and disruption of corneal integrity can be used as endpoints/ markers for evaluating ocular toxicity in organ culture. Our goal is to develop a sensitive, efficient, economical and reliable ex vivo model for predicting irritation potential of a chemical or consumer product with mechanistic basis.3 Modulation of epithelial barrier function during corneal infectionThe long-term goal of this project is to understand the mechanisms underlying the induction of the inflammatory reaction and breakdown of the epithelial barrier in the cornea upon infection. We will test the hypothesis that in the cornea TLRs confer responsiveness of HCE cells to pathogens, and PA challenge-induced TLR signaling, through activation of NF-?B and/ or mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), contributes to infection-induced epithelial barrier breakdown. The following studies will be carried out. An understanding of how TLRs transmit signals that lead to epithelial response, including modulation of barrier function,may allow the development of therapeutic agents that prevent breakdown or enhance recovery of barrier function during infection and, as an adjuvant therapy, eliminate the corneal scarring and vision loss associated with bacterial keratitis.4 Developing an adjuvant therapy to reduce inflammatory response induced by bacterial infection of the cornea (bacterial keratitis).

  6. Can yu rid guat ay rot? A developmental investigation of cross-linguistic spelling errors among Spanish-English bilingual students

    Howard, Elizabeth R.; Green, Jennifer D.; Arteagoitia, Igone


    This study contributes to the literature on cross-linguistic literacy relationships for English language learners, and in particular, the Spanish-influenced spelling patterns of Spanish-English bilinguals. English spelling, reading and vocabulary assessments were administered to 220 students in four TWI programs over a three-year period, from 2nd grade to 4th grade. Data analysis consisted of t-tests and multiple regression. The incidence of cross-linguistic spelling errors was found to be low at all grade levels and to virtually disappear by 4th grade, indicating that this is a developmental issue that is common among bilingual students and that resolves itself without remediation. PMID:25302051

  7. 难忘岁月余贻骥回忆录(选登四)%An indelible journey of life The memoirs of YU Yi-ji


    @@ 第五篇归国就业造纸企业十年 南下广州两年(1955-1956) 奉调广州造纸厂工作 我于1954年末被轻工部调离营口造纸厂,于1955年初到广州造纸厂担任主任工程师,负责生产技术领导工作.

  8. 李富玉从三阳论治皮肤病%Analisis on the Treantment of Dermatology From Tri-Yang Theory by LI Fu-yu

    韩培海; 高思山; 马继文



  9. 余华与川端康成比较研究%A Comparative Study between Yu Hua and Yasunari Kawabata




  10. Report of the preliminary mission of radiological controls on the island of Mangareva and the atolls of Tureia and Hao (French Polynesia). Investigation performed by the CRIIRAD laboratory on the request of the inquiry Commission on consequences of atmospheric nuclear tests; Compte rendu de la mission preliminaire de controles radiologiques sur l'Ile de Mangareva et les Atolls de Tureia et Hao (Polynesie Francaise). Etude realisee par le laboratoire de la CRIIRAD a la demande de la Commission d'Enquete sur les consequences des essais nucleaires aeriens



    After a presentation of the objectives of the mission, and a summary of the undertaken actions on each site, this document gives some general information on radionuclides and on the sampling and analysis method. Then, it discusses the results obtained by radiological analyses and gives recommendations about the current radiological situation of the studied island and atolls. It shows that official assessment of radiation doses undergone by the French Polynesia population during the period atmospheric nuclear tests must be revised. It outlines the need of new exhaustive investigations on health consequences of these past exposures to ionizing radiation. Recommendations are formulated

  11. Five new species of Ishiharella Dworakowska (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae) with a key to worldwide species of the genus.

    Yu, Xiaofei; Yang, Maofa; Dietrich, Christopher H


    Detailed morphological descriptions and illustrations of five new species of the empoascine leafhopper genus Ishiharella Dworakowska (Typhlocybinae: Emposascini): I. dentidensa Yu & Yang, sp. nov., I. falcata Yu, Yang & Dietrich, sp. nov., I. hirsuta Yu, Yang & Dietrich, sp. nov., I. inflata Yu & Yang, sp. nov. and I. multiprotrusa Yu, Yang & Dietrich, sp. nov. are provided and a key to species of the genus is given.

  12. 曹禺创作的深层心理动因分析——从《雷雨》中的"乱伦"谈起%The Deep Motive of CaoYu'Creation --Analysis of "incest" in LeiYu

    阎庆生; 王小平






    姚培毅、于菁珊(1986)为广西扶绥下白垩统的褶珠蚌类标本建立了一个新亚属Plicatounio(Guangxiconcha)Yao and Yu,以Plicatounio(Guangxiconcha)fortis Yao and Yu,1986(230页,图版1,图4;图版2,图3,6)作为模式种。

  14. 汉语流行口语——“弯子”类


    It Is Good All Right, But... 好是好 Hao shi hao When hearing this, people usually focus their attention and listen to what follows, for the "hao (good)" in the first part of the sentence only shows politeness, while the latter part is the focal point. Example例句: 1. A: Lao Li, what do you think of Xiao Hong's suggestion? B: It's good all right, but it's not perfect and needs to be fleshed out.

  15. Generation of polymerase chain reaction-specific probes for library screening using single degenerate primers.

    Hommes, N G; Arp, D J; Sayavedra-Soto, L A


    Degenerate oligonucleotide primers were made to peptide sequences from hydroxylamine oxidoreductase (HAO) from Nitrosomonas europaea. The primers were used singly in PCR reactions to amplify portions of the gene for HAO from genomic DNA. Southern hybridizations using fragments amplified with each primer showed that they labeled the same genomic DNA fragments. The PCR-amplified fragments were successfully used to screen a gene library for clones containing the HAO gene. The method of isolating genes by PCR with single primers has general utility.

  16. The value of time-averaged serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in prediction of mortality and dropout in peritoneal dialysis patients

    Liu SH


    Full Text Available Shou-Hsuan Liu,1–3,* Chao-Yu Chen,1,* Yi-Jung Li,1,2 Hsin-Hsu Wu,1,2 Chan-Yu Lin,1 Yung-Chang Chen,1 Ming-Yang Chang,1 Hsiang-Hao Hsu,1 Cheng-Lung Ku,2,3 Ya-Chung Tian1 1Kidney Research Center, Department of Nephrology, Lin-Kou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Department of Medicine, 2Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, 3Laboratory of Human Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Graduate Institute of Clinical Medical Sciences, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan *These authors contributed equally to this work Purpose: C-reactive protein (CRP is a useful biomarker for prediction of long-term outcomes in patients undergoing chronic dialysis. This observational cohort study evaluated whether the time-averaged serum high-sensitivity CRP (HS-CRP level was a better predictor of clinical outcomes than a single HS-CRP level in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD. Patients and methods: We classified 335 patients into three tertiles according to the time-averaged serum HS-CRP level and followed up regularly from January 2010 to December 2014. Clinical outcomes such as cardiovascular events, infection episodes, newly developed malignancy, encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS, dropout (death plus conversion to hemodialysis, and mortality were assessed. Results: During a 5-year follow-up, 164 patients (49.0% ceased PD; this included 52 patient deaths (15.5%, 100 patients (29.9% who converted to hemodialysis, and 12 patients (3.6% who received a kidney transplantation. The Kaplan–Meier survival analysis and log-rank test revealed a significantly worse survival accumulation in patients with high time-average HS-CRP levels. A multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that a higher time-averaged serum HS-CRP level, older age, and the occurrence of cardiovascular events were independent mortality predictors. A higher time-averaged serum HS-CRP level, the occurrence of cardiovascular events, infection episodes, and EPS were

  17. 胃癌患者主要照顾者的睡眠质量及其对生活质量的影响%Sleep quality and its impact on quality of life in the primary caregiver of patients with gastric cancer Hao

    郝楠; 顾炜


    Objective To investigate the sleep quality and its impact on quality of life in the primary caregivers of patients with gastric cancer,thereby providing guidance on the promotion of their sleep and psycho-physical function.Methods This was a convenient sampling study that enrolled 1 90 primary caregivers of patients with gastric cancer from two general hospitals in Xi′an,China.The sleep quality,quality of life,and baseline data were evaluated using Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI),SF-36 health survey (SF-36).t test was used to compare the sleep quality between the caregivers and the general population.Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression analysis were conducted to explore the relationship between sleep quality and quality of life.Results The mean global PSQI score was (8.06 ±4.05);43.9% of them had poor sleep (PSQI≥8). Compared to the general population,the global PSQI score and the scores of the six factors were higher (P <0.01 )in this sample,indicating a poorer sleep quality,except for the factor of “use of sleep medication”.The global PSQI score was positively correlated with the score of BP (r =0.1 5,P =0.04).Compared with participants who had a good sleep (PSQI <8),those with a poor sleep score were lower on RP (t =2.30,P =0.02)and SF (t =2.1 2,P =0.04).Multiple linear regression analysis indicated that sleep quality was only a factor of BP (β=0.1 5,t =2.04,P =0.04)rather than RP and SF,after controlling for age and gender. Conclusions The primary caregivers of patients with gastric cancer have poorer sleep quality,compared to the general population.Sleep quality is related to some dimensions of quality of life,such as BP,RP,and SF. Health care providers should pay attention to the sleep and quality of life of the caregivers,and deliver corresponding interventions if necessary.%目的:本研究旨在调查胃癌患者主要照顾者的睡眠质量及其对生活质量的影响,为提高其睡眠质量、进而促进其身心健康提供依据。方法本研究采用方便抽样方法抽取190名胃癌患者主要照顾者为研究对象。研究使用匹兹堡睡眠质量量表(PSQI)和36条目简明量表(SF-36)分别对研究对象的睡眠和生活质量进行测定。采用 t 检验对本研究人群与普通人群的睡眠质量进行比较;采用 Pearson相关分析和多元线性回归对睡眠质量和生活质量的关系进行评估。结果研究对象平均 PSQI 总分为(8.06±4.05)分,43.9%研究对象睡眠质量较差。与普通人群相比,除了催眠药物使用这一维度之外,本研究对象的其余6个维度得分以及总分均较高(P <0.01)。PSQI 总分与生活质量的身体疼痛这一维度呈低度正相关(r =0.15,P =0.04)。睡眠质量好者(PSQI <8)较睡眠质量差者(PSQI≥8)具有较好的生理职能(t =2.30,P =0.02)和社会功能(t =2.12,P =0.04)。多元回归分析提示在控制了年龄和性别因素之后,睡眠质量仅对生活质量的身体疼痛这一维度产生影响(β=0.15,t =2.04,P =0.04)。结论胃癌患者主要照顾者睡眠质量较差,且睡眠质量会对其生活质量的个别维度(身体疼痛、生理职能和社会功能)产生影响。今后的临床实践中,应重视对于这方面的评估与干预。

  18. An Interview with the Gold Prize Winner Zhang HaoChen after the Thirtecnth Van Cliburn International Piano Competition%琴声妙韵技艺超群——第十三届范·克莱本国际钢琴比赛金奖得主张昊辰赛后访谈



    @@ 王艳(以下简称王):昊辰,祝贺你获得克莱本金奖,为自已争气,为国家争光! 张昊辰(以下简称张):谢谢! 王:参加克莱本比赛的初衷是什么?想过自己会得金奖吗?

  19. From“The Crazy Stone” to “Flowering on the Road”---Evolution of Director NING Hao ’ s Style%从《疯狂的石头》到《心花路放》--宁浩导演风格的演变之路



    导演风格与导演个人、社会等因素密切相关,通过对宁浩作品的分析可以对宁浩导演风格的变化进行探索。文章主要采用文本分析法、案例研究法等方法来分析宁浩导演风格的转化过程,并就其发生原因、结果等问题进行探讨。通过与具体影视作品的结合,将宁浩的作品分为三个阶段,并对三个阶段进行针对性的论述,对宁浩不同时期的导演风格进行归纳和总结。%A director’ s style is closely related to the individual and social factors .By ana-lyzing NING Hao’s works,the evolution of his directing style is analyzed .The main methods in this research include text analysis and case analysis .It is argued that his works can be divided into three stages ,each of which is discussed .The directing styles at different stages are summa-rized.

  20. “互联网+农企”中参与式推广的实际应用——以“好想你”红枣为例%Practical Application of the Participatory Brand Promotion in "Internet + Agricultural" Enterprises——Illustrated by "HAO XIANG NI" the Red Date Brand

    郭凯凯; 李俏



  1. Computer-aided classification of lung nodules on computed tomography images via deep learning technique

    Hua KL


    Full Text Available Kai-Lung Hua,1 Che-Hao Hsu,1 Shintami Chusnul Hidayati,1 Wen-Huang Cheng,2 Yu-Jen Chen3 1Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, 2Research Center for Information Technology Innovation, Academia Sinica, 3Department of Radiation Oncology, MacKay Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan Abstract: Lung cancer has a poor prognosis when not diagnosed early and unresectable lesions are present. The management of small lung nodules noted on computed tomography scan is controversial due to uncertain tumor characteristics. A conventional computer-aided diagnosis (CAD scheme requires several image processing and pattern recognition steps to accomplish a quantitative tumor differentiation result. In such an ad hoc image analysis pipeline, every step depends heavily on the performance of the previous step. Accordingly, tuning of classification performance in a conventional CAD scheme is very complicated and arduous. Deep learning techniques, on the other hand, have the intrinsic advantage of an automatic exploitation feature and tuning of performance in a seamless fashion. In this study, we attempted to simplify the image analysis pipeline of conventional CAD with deep learning techniques. Specifically, we introduced models of a deep belief network and a convolutional neural network in the context of nodule classification in computed tomography images. Two baseline methods with feature computing steps were implemented for comparison. The experimental results suggest that deep learning methods could achieve better discriminative results and hold promise in the CAD application domain. Keywords: nodule classification, deep learning, deep belief network, convolutional neural network

  2. Theory of generalized tautology in revised Kleene system

    WU; Hongbo


    Karman, Th., Zur theorie der spanungszustnde in plastischen und sandartigen medion, Nachr. Gesellsch. Wissensch., Gttingen, 1909.[17]Szczepinski, W., Introduction to the Mechanics of Plastic Forming of Metals, Netherlands: Sijthoff and Noordhoff, 1979.[18]Chen, W. F., Limit Analysis and Soil Plasticity, New York: Elsevier, 1975.[19]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., A new model and theory on yield and failure of materials under complex stress state, Mechanical Behaviors of Materials~6, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1991, 3: 841—846.[20]Yu, M. H., New System of Strength Theory (in Chinese), Xi'an: Xi'an Jiaotong Universitry Press, 1992.[21]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., Song, L. Y., Twin shear stress theory and its generalization, Scientia Sinica (Science in China), Series A, 1985, 28(11): 1174—1183.[22]Yu, M. H., Yang, S. Y. et al., Unified elasto-plastic associated and non-associated constitutive model and its engineering applications, Computers and Structures, 1999, 71: 627—636.[23]Ma, G. W., Shoji, I., Plastic limit analysis of circular plates with respect to unified yield criterion, Int. J. Mech. Sci., 1998, 40(10): 963.[24]Ma, G. W., Hao, H., Unified plastic limit analyses of circular plates under arbitrary load, Journal of Applied Mechanics, ASME, 1999, 66(2): 568.[25]Qiang, H. F., Lu, N., Liu, B. J., Unified solutions of crack tip plastic zone under small scale yielding, Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, (in Chinese with English abstract), 1999, 35(1): 34—38.[26]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., Constitutive descriptions of multiphase poropus media, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(1):11—24.[27]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., An elasto-plastic damage model for saturated and unsaturated geomaterials, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(2): 198—206.[28]Cheng, H. X., Li, J. J., Zhang, G. S. et al., Finite element analysis program system HAJIF(X), Chinese Journal of

  3. A new routing assignment model for Internet

    CHI; Caixia


    Karman, Th., Zur theorie der spanungszustnde in plastischen und sandartigen medion, Nachr. Gesellsch. Wissensch., Gttingen, 1909.[17]Szczepinski, W., Introduction to the Mechanics of Plastic Forming of Metals, Netherlands: Sijthoff and Noordhoff, 1979.[18]Chen, W. F., Limit Analysis and Soil Plasticity, New York: Elsevier, 1975.[19]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., A new model and theory on yield and failure of materials under complex stress state, Mechanical Behaviors of Materials~6, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1991, 3: 841—846.[20]Yu, M. H., New System of Strength Theory (in Chinese), Xi'an: Xi'an Jiaotong Universitry Press, 1992.[21]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., Song, L. Y., Twin shear stress theory and its generalization, Scientia Sinica (Science in China), Series A, 1985, 28(11): 1174—1183.[22]Yu, M. H., Yang, S. Y. et al., Unified elasto-plastic associated and non-associated constitutive model and its engineering applications, Computers and Structures, 1999, 71: 627—636.[23]Ma, G. W., Shoji, I., Plastic limit analysis of circular plates with respect to unified yield criterion, Int. J. Mech. Sci., 1998, 40(10): 963.[24]Ma, G. W., Hao, H., Unified plastic limit analyses of circular plates under arbitrary load, Journal of Applied Mechanics, ASME, 1999, 66(2): 568.[25]Qiang, H. F., Lu, N., Liu, B. J., Unified solutions of crack tip plastic zone under small scale yielding, Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, (in Chinese with English abstract), 1999, 35(1): 34—38.[26]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., Constitutive descriptions of multiphase poropus media, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(1):11—24.[27]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., An elasto-plastic damage model for saturated and unsaturated geomaterials, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(2): 198—206.[28]Cheng, H. X., Li, J. J., Zhang, G. S. et al., Finite element analysis program system HAJIF(X), Chinese Journal of

  4. Unified characteristics line theory of spacial axisymmetric plastic problem

    YU; Maohong; (


    Karman, Th., Zur theorie der spanungszustnde in plastischen und sandartigen medion, Nachr. Gesellsch. Wissensch., Gttingen, 1909.[17]Szczepinski, W., Introduction to the Mechanics of Plastic Forming of Metals, Netherlands: Sijthoff and Noordhoff, 1979.[18]Chen, W. F., Limit Analysis and Soil Plasticity, New York: Elsevier, 1975.[19]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., A new model and theory on yield and failure of materials under complex stress state, Mechanical Behaviors of Materials~6, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1991, 3: 841—846.[20]Yu, M. H., New System of Strength Theory (in Chinese), Xi'an: Xi'an Jiaotong Universitry Press, 1992.[21]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., Song, L. Y., Twin shear stress theory and its generalization, Scientia Sinica (Science in China), Series A, 1985, 28(11): 1174—1183.[22]Yu, M. H., Yang, S. Y. et al., Unified elasto-plastic associated and non-associated constitutive model and its engineering applications, Computers and Structures, 1999, 71: 627—636.[23]Ma, G. W., Shoji, I., Plastic limit analysis of circular plates with respect to unified yield criterion, Int. J. Mech. Sci., 1998, 40(10): 963.[24]Ma, G. W., Hao, H., Unified plastic limit analyses of circular plates under arbitrary load, Journal of Applied Mechanics, ASME, 1999, 66(2): 568.[25]Qiang, H. F., Lu, N., Liu, B. J., Unified solutions of crack tip plastic zone under small scale yielding, Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, (in Chinese with English abstract), 1999, 35(1): 34—38.[26]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., Constitutive descriptions of multiphase poropus media, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(1):11—24.[27]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., An elasto-plastic damage model for saturated and unsaturated geomaterials, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(2): 198—206.[28]Cheng, H. X., Li, J. J., Zhang, G. S. et al., Finite element analysis program system HAJIF(X), Chinese Journal of

  5. Incipient motion of sediment by waves

    DOU; Guoren


    Karman, Th., Zur theorie der spanungszustnde in plastischen und sandartigen medion, Nachr. Gesellsch. Wissensch., Gttingen, 1909.[17]Szczepinski, W., Introduction to the Mechanics of Plastic Forming of Metals, Netherlands: Sijthoff and Noordhoff, 1979.[18]Chen, W. F., Limit Analysis and Soil Plasticity, New York: Elsevier, 1975.[19]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., A new model and theory on yield and failure of materials under complex stress state, Mechanical Behaviors of Materials~6, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1991, 3: 841—846.[20]Yu, M. H., New System of Strength Theory (in Chinese), Xi'an: Xi'an Jiaotong Universitry Press, 1992.[21]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., Song, L. Y., Twin shear stress theory and its generalization, Scientia Sinica (Science in China), Series A, 1985, 28(11): 1174—1183.[22]Yu, M. H., Yang, S. Y. et al., Unified elasto-plastic associated and non-associated constitutive model and its engineering applications, Computers and Structures, 1999, 71: 627—636.[23]Ma, G. W., Shoji, I., Plastic limit analysis of circular plates with respect to unified yield criterion, Int. J. Mech. Sci., 1998, 40(10): 963.[24]Ma, G. W., Hao, H., Unified plastic limit analyses of circular plates under arbitrary load, Journal of Applied Mechanics, ASME, 1999, 66(2): 568.[25]Qiang, H. F., Lu, N., Liu, B. J., Unified solutions of crack tip plastic zone under small scale yielding, Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, (in Chinese with English abstract), 1999, 35(1): 34—38.[26]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., Constitutive descriptions of multiphase poropus media, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(1):11—24.[27]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., An elasto-plastic damage model for saturated and unsaturated geomaterials, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(2): 198—206.[28]Cheng, H. X., Li, J. J., Zhang, G. S. et al., Finite element analysis program system HAJIF(X), Chinese Journal of

  6. Analysis of silt behavior induced by water waves

    LIN; Mian


    Karman, Th., Zur theorie der spanungszustnde in plastischen und sandartigen medion, Nachr. Gesellsch. Wissensch., Gttingen, 1909.[17]Szczepinski, W., Introduction to the Mechanics of Plastic Forming of Metals, Netherlands: Sijthoff and Noordhoff, 1979.[18]Chen, W. F., Limit Analysis and Soil Plasticity, New York: Elsevier, 1975.[19]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., A new model and theory on yield and failure of materials under complex stress state, Mechanical Behaviors of Materials~6, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1991, 3: 841—846.[20]Yu, M. H., New System of Strength Theory (in Chinese), Xi'an: Xi'an Jiaotong Universitry Press, 1992.[21]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., Song, L. Y., Twin shear stress theory and its generalization, Scientia Sinica (Science in China), Series A, 1985, 28(11): 1174—1183.[22]Yu, M. H., Yang, S. Y. et al., Unified elasto-plastic associated and non-associated constitutive model and its engineering applications, Computers and Structures, 1999, 71: 627—636.[23]Ma, G. W., Shoji, I., Plastic limit analysis of circular plates with respect to unified yield criterion, Int. J. Mech. Sci., 1998, 40(10): 963.[24]Ma, G. W., Hao, H., Unified plastic limit analyses of circular plates under arbitrary load, Journal of Applied Mechanics, ASME, 1999, 66(2): 568.[25]Qiang, H. F., Lu, N., Liu, B. J., Unified solutions of crack tip plastic zone under small scale yielding, Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, (in Chinese with English abstract), 1999, 35(1): 34—38.[26]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., Constitutive descriptions of multiphase poropus media, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(1):11—24.[27]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., An elasto-plastic damage model for saturated and unsaturated geomaterials, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(2): 198—206.[28]Cheng, H. X., Li, J. J., Zhang, G. S. et al., Finite element analysis program system HAJIF(X), Chinese Journal of

  7. Pseudo minimum translational distance between convex polyhedra(I)

    ZHU; Xiangyang; (


    Karman, Th., Zur theorie der spanungszustnde in plastischen und sandartigen medion, Nachr. Gesellsch. Wissensch., Gttingen, 1909.[17]Szczepinski, W., Introduction to the Mechanics of Plastic Forming of Metals, Netherlands: Sijthoff and Noordhoff, 1979.[18]Chen, W. F., Limit Analysis and Soil Plasticity, New York: Elsevier, 1975.[19]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., A new model and theory on yield and failure of materials under complex stress state, Mechanical Behaviors of Materials~6, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1991, 3: 841—846.[20]Yu, M. H., New System of Strength Theory (in Chinese), Xi'an: Xi'an Jiaotong Universitry Press, 1992.[21]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., Song, L. Y., Twin shear stress theory and its generalization, Scientia Sinica (Science in China), Series A, 1985, 28(11): 1174—1183.[22]Yu, M. H., Yang, S. Y. et al., Unified elasto-plastic associated and non-associated constitutive model and its engineering applications, Computers and Structures, 1999, 71: 627—636.[23]Ma, G. W., Shoji, I., Plastic limit analysis of circular plates with respect to unified yield criterion, Int. J. Mech. Sci., 1998, 40(10): 963.[24]Ma, G. W., Hao, H., Unified plastic limit analyses of circular plates under arbitrary load, Journal of Applied Mechanics, ASME, 1999, 66(2): 568.[25]Qiang, H. F., Lu, N., Liu, B. J., Unified solutions of crack tip plastic zone under small scale yielding, Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, (in Chinese with English abstract), 1999, 35(1): 34—38.[26]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., Constitutive descriptions of multiphase poropus media, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(1):11—24.[27]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., An elasto-plastic damage model for saturated and unsaturated geomaterials, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(2): 198—206.[28]Cheng, H. X., Li, J. J., Zhang, G. S. et al., Finite element analysis program system HAJIF(X), Chinese Journal of

  8. Axial electron channeling statistical method of site occupancy determination

    YE; Jia


    Karman, Th., Zur theorie der spanungszustnde in plastischen und sandartigen medion, Nachr. Gesellsch. Wissensch., Gttingen, 1909.[17]Szczepinski, W., Introduction to the Mechanics of Plastic Forming of Metals, Netherlands: Sijthoff and Noordhoff, 1979.[18]Chen, W. F., Limit Analysis and Soil Plasticity, New York: Elsevier, 1975.[19]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., A new model and theory on yield and failure of materials under complex stress state, Mechanical Behaviors of Materials~6, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1991, 3: 841—846.[20]Yu, M. H., New System of Strength Theory (in Chinese), Xi'an: Xi'an Jiaotong Universitry Press, 1992.[21]Yu, M. H., He, L. N., Song, L. Y., Twin shear stress theory and its generalization, Scientia Sinica (Science in China), Series A, 1985, 28(11): 1174—1183.[22]Yu, M. H., Yang, S. Y. et al., Unified elasto-plastic associated and non-associated constitutive model and its engineering applications, Computers and Structures, 1999, 71: 627—636.[23]Ma, G. W., Shoji, I., Plastic limit analysis of circular plates with respect to unified yield criterion, Int. J. Mech. Sci., 1998, 40(10): 963.[24]Ma, G. W., Hao, H., Unified plastic limit analyses of circular plates under arbitrary load, Journal of Applied Mechanics, ASME, 1999, 66(2): 568.[25]Qiang, H. F., Lu, N., Liu, B. J., Unified solutions of crack tip plastic zone under small scale yielding, Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, (in Chinese with English abstract), 1999, 35(1): 34—38.[26]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., Constitutive descriptions of multiphase poropus media, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(1):11—24.[27]Yang, S. Y., Yu, M. H., An elasto-plastic damage model for saturated and unsaturated geomaterials, Acta Mechanica Sinica (in Chinese with English abstract), 2000, 32(2): 198—206.[28]Cheng, H. X., Li, J. J., Zhang, G. S. et al., Finite element analysis program system HAJIF(X), Chinese Journal of

  9. Four new species of Alebroides Matsumura (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Typhlocybinae) from China .

    Yu, Xiaofei; Yang, Maofa


    Four new species of the empoascine leafhopper genus Alebroides Matsumura are reported from China: A. strumae Yu & Yang, sp. nov., A. chiasmaticus Yu & Yang, sp. nov., A. serrulatus Yu & Yang, sp. nov. and A. spanner Yu & Yang, sp. nov. A list of all Chinese species of the genus is provided.



    0000 GENERAL Stationary Solutions of the Nonlinear Schrodinger Equa tion for Neutral Atoms in a Harmonic Trap…………………………Yah Ke-zhu, Tan Wei-han (1191) A W-Shaped Potential Trap with Axial Symmetry for a Ring-Shaped Bose-Einstein Condensate Wang De-zhong, Lu Xing-hua, Huang Hu, Li Shi-qun (1197) Impulsive Synchronization of Rossler System …………Liu Feng, Mu Zhao-li, Qiu Zu-lian (1203) 3000 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS (2+1)REMPI Spectrum of Rydberg States of S Atoms in the 243-263 nm Region Zhang Li-min, Chen Jun, Xu Hai-feng, Dai Jing hua, Liu Shi-lin, Chen Cong-xiang, Ma Xing-xiao (1209) Charge Stripping Cross Sections for s6Krq+ Collision with H and He…………Liu Zhi-jing (1214) Simulation and Discussion of the Lattice Distortion and Elastic Modulus of Nanocrystals ……………………Chang Ming, Yang Bao-he, Chang Hao (1222) 4000 CLASSICAL AREAS OF PHENOMEN OLOGY Application of Wavelet Analysis to Optical Information Processing…………Ma Jing, Tan Li-ying, Ran Qi-wen (1229)The Fourth-Order Interference between Two Indepen dent Squeezed Fields…………Zhang Jun-xiang, He Ling xiang, Zhang Tian-cai, Xie Chang-de, Peng Kun-chi (1235)Phase Coupling of RF-Excited Optical Phase-Shifted Ar ray Resonator Slab Waveguide CO2 Lasers…………Tang Xiao-jun, Zhao Zong-hai, Xin Jian-guo (1247)Gaussian-Type Breath Modes of Spatial Soliton Formed in Logarithmically Saturable Nonlinear Media …………Tang Yong-lin, Li Da-yi, Chen Jian-guo, Kang Jun (1253)Vector Theory of Off-Axial Gaussian Wave ... Zeng Xiao-dong, Liang Chang-hong, An Yu-ying (1260)6000 CONDENSED MATTER: STRUCTURE, THERMAL AND MECHANICAL PRO PERTIESCalculations of the Formation Energies of Point Defects in Alkaline Earth Fluorides . .. Jin Qing-hua, Feng Shao-xin, Guo Zhen-ya, Li Bao-hui, Ding Da-tong (1268)Effect of Medium-Energy Radiation on C60 Films Yao Jiang-hong, Xu Jing-jun, Zhang Guang-yin, Zou Yun-juan, Chen Guang-hua, Yang Ru, Jin Yong-fan (1274)Grazing

  11. Discovery of pyrazole carboxylic acids as potent inhibitors of rat long chain L-2-hydroxy acid oxidase.

    Barawkar, Dinesh A; Bandyopadhyay, Anish; Deshpande, Anil; Koul, Summon; Kandalkar, Sachin; Patil, Pradeep; Khose, Goraksha; Vyas, Samir; Mone, Mahesh; Bhosale, Shubhangi; Singh, Umesh; De, Siddhartha; Meru, Ashwin; Gundu, Jayasagar; Chugh, Anita; Palle, Venkata P; Mookhtiar, Kasim A; Vacca, Joseph P; Chakravarty, Prasun K; Nargund, Ravi P; Wright, Samuel D; Roy, Sophie; Graziano, Michael P; Cully, Doris; Cai, Tian-Quan; Singh, Sheo B


    Long chain L-2-hydroxy acid oxidase 2 (Hao2) is a peroxisomal enzyme expressed in the kidney and the liver. Hao2 was identified as a candidate gene for blood pressure (BP) quantitative trait locus (QTL) but the identity of its physiological substrate and its role in vivo remains largely unknown. To define a pharmacological role of this gene product, we report the development of selective inhibitors of Hao2. We identified pyrazole carboxylic acid hits 1 and 2 from screening of a compound library. Lead optimization of these hits led to the discovery of 15-XV and 15-XXXII as potent and selective inhibitors of rat Hao2. This report details the structure activity relationship of the pyrazole carboxylic acids as specific inhibitors of Hao2.

  12. Advanced Analyses of Technology Innovations, Patents, and Intellectual Property

    Amy J. C. Trappey


    Full Text Available A good indicator of the technical competitiveness of a country or an enterprise is the number of high quality international patents it owns. The latest statistics from the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO showed that USA, Japan, Germany, China, and South Korea are among the top patent filing countries [1]. WIPO data indicate that these countries and their global companies are directing significant resources toward engineering innovations, design inventions, and technology R&D. The end result will be to capitalize their intellectual assets for competitive advantage. The huge and ever growing data and knowledge content of international patent (cyber- depositories creates great challenges for engineers, researchers, and technology strategists to fully utilize the wealth of knowledge [2]. Most critically, engineers must make correct R&D decisions based on the complex sets of patent information. This special issue features research papers focusing on the advances of representing, modeling, reasoning, analyzing, and synthesizing knowledge related to innovations, intellectual property (IP, patents, and technology adoptions. For industries with short life cycles and technical products (e.g., semiconductor, LED, and consumer electronics, state-of-the-art knowledge engineering approaches for IP and patent analysis are essential for sustaining competitive advantage. We have accepted five articles in this special issue and each has developed methodologies using industrial cases for verification. The papers are highlighted briefly as follows. The article “Applying Hybrid-Quantity Analysis in the Asia Semiconductor Industry,” co-authored by Chin-yuan Fan, Ming-Fong Lai, and Shu-Hao Chang, provides an integrated approach to explore competing technological and strategic-group relationships within the semiconductor industry in the Asia-Pacific region. They use a combination of patents, multidimensional scaling, and K-means clustering to

  13. Olive oil adulterated with hazelnut oils: simulation to identify possible risks to allergic consumers.

    Arlorio, M; Coisson, J D; Bordiga, M; Travaglia, F; Garino, C; Zuidmeer, L; Van Ree, R; Giuffrida, M G; Conti, A; Martelli, A


    According to European Union Regulation EC 1531/2001, olive oil labelled as "extra-virgin" should be cold-pressed and contain no refined oil or oil from other oleaginous seeds or nuts. Adulteration of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) with hazelnut oil (HAO) is a serious concern both for oil suppliers and consumers. The high degree of similarity between the two fats complicates the detection of low percentages of HAO in EVOO. Many analytical approaches have been developed in recent years to trace HAO in EVOO, principally based on chromatographic analyses, differential scanning calorimetry or nuclear magnetic resonance. In addition adulteration of EVOO with HAO may introduce hazelnut-derived allergens. The aim of this work was to analyse the protein and allergen content of EVOO intentionally spiked with raw cold-pressed HAO or solvent-extracted HAO. SDS-PAGE analysis confirmed the presence of hazelnut proteins in solvent-extracted HAO with molecular masses ranging 10-60 kDa. In contrast, cold-pressed HAO showed no traces of protein. In spiked EVOO, solvent-extracted HAO was still detectable at a 1% contamination level. Several bands on SDS-PAGE migrated at apparent molecular masses coinciding with known allergens, such as Cor a 1 (approximately 17 kDa), Cor a 2 (approximately 14 kDa), Cor a 8 (approximately 12 kDa), oleosin (approximately 17 kDa) and Cor a 9 (approximately 60 kDa). MALDI-TOF MS analysis confirmed the presence of two oleosin isoforms and of Cor a 9. Immunoblotting demonstrated that an allergic patient with known reactivity to Cor a 1 and Cor a 2 recognized a 17-kDa band in solvent-extracted HAO. In conclusion, we have shown that adulteration of extra virgin olive oil with solvent-extracted hazelnut oil can be traced by simple SDS-PAGE analysis, and that adulteration introduces a potential risk for hazelnut allergic patients.

  14. "BACH"与十二音序列技术的发端%"BACH" and the Twelve-Note Series Technique ("BACH" yu 12 yin xulie jishu de faduan)




  15. Level traversal binary tree in sequence storage and its application MA Jing-shan, QIN Yu-ping%顺序存储二叉树的遍历及其应用研究

    马靖善; 秦玉平


    The sequence storage binary tree is used to dispose that binary tree form hard upon full .This the-sis introduced binary tree structure of sequence storage and it's advantage, the traversal method, level traversal algorithm and recursive traversal algorithm of sequence binary tree , and some simple application on level travers-al algorithm.%  顺序存储二叉树非常适用于二叉树的树形接近于满二叉树时的处理。本文介绍了二叉树的顺序存储结构及其优点、二叉树的遍历方法、顺序存储二叉树的层次遍历和递归遍历算法,以及层次遍历算法的一些简单应用。

  16. 中西文论化合中的郁达夫感伤诗学%The Sentimental Poetics of Yu Dafu from the Point of View of Sino-Western Acculturation in Artistic Theory




  17. World`s largest underground oil storage tank in Akita; Akita ni 450 man kl sekiyu bichiku kichi kansei majika (sekai saidai yoryo no chichushiki gen`yu tanku kichi kensetsu)

    Kojima, K. [The Univ., of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Engineering


    The Akita Oil Storage Base is consisted of the onshore facilities such as the western base (39 ha; storage capacity 1.66 million kl) filled by earth in 1979, and the eastern base (71 ha; storage capacity 2.82 million kl) filled by earth in this project, as well as, the shipping/receiving facility of 180,000DWT class berth constructed in the offshore about 1 km to south and so forth. Out of them, the oil in was executed in the western base in November 1989, and in the 1st phase of the eastern base in December 1992 respectively, and they are already in operation. In addition currently, the underground tank of the 2nd phase construction work in the eastern base is nearly in completion, an appurtenant work are being advanced towards the oil in scheduled in July 1995. The underground tank in this base is the 1st structure in Japan as the tank installed insides the rockmass. In this project, by performing the effective utilization of the great quantity of an excavated rock, as well as, the organically systematized informatics execution of a design, execution and measurement, total work were advanced safer and more economically, and as a consequence the oil storage base with the underground tank of the maximum capacity in the world is in close to completion. 7 figs.

  18. LI Shi - ming's Psychological Changes by Studying the Ancient Liege Relationship——XIAO Yu As au Example%从君臣关系看李世民的心理变化




  19. JIANG Yongping, LU Chuanze, YU Qi, et al. Research and implementation of effective pitch extraction method in%有效的哼唱旋律基音提取方法研究与实现

    蒋永平; 卢传泽; 于琪; 赵冲


    为使用户可以通过哼唱音乐片段的方式,在较大规模乐曲库中能实时、准确、快速搜索到目标歌曲,结合多种音乐的乐理特点和音乐的数字化表示,提出考虑周期性测度改进传统端点检测方案,并综合线性预测分析(LPC)和相关函数与削波法相结合的方法进行旋律基音提取。实验表明利用LPC仅仅保留声门激励信号的特点,有效地减少了声道共振峰的影响,而采用削波法也一定程度减少噪声的干扰并使得计算相关函数的运算量大为减少,更显著的是考虑周期性测度的端点检测可以找到更精确的语音段,可以准确提取旋律并有效达到哼唱检索实时性要求。%For searching the target song in real-time, accurately and quickly in a rather large music library by humming music clips, integrating music theory characteristics and digitized representation of a variety of music, this paper presents a method of melody pitch extraction by the period measure improving traditional endpoint detection and integrated approach of Linear Predictive Coding(LPC)and correlation function with clipping method. Experiments show that LPC can reserve glottal excitation signal characteristics and eliminate the influence of the sound tract impulse response and clipping method can reduce the noise interference and cut down calculated amount dramatically. More significantly, the method increases the veracity of extracting music clips by period measure improving traditional endpoint detection. As a result, the method meets the requirements of accuracy and real-time for extracting melody and target song.

  20. A Comparative Study of the Absurd Aesthetic Styles between Yu Hua and Franz Kafka%人类灵魂的审问者——余华与卡夫卡悖谬美学观比较研究

    韩小龙; 程金城



  1. Influences of ShuGan-JieYu capsules on cognitive function of type II schizophrenia patients%舒肝解郁胶囊对Ⅱ型精神分裂症患者认知功能的影响

    成军; 李红; 穆俊林; 石玉中


    目的:比较利培酮片合用舒肝解郁胶囊与单用利培酮片对Ⅱ型精神分裂症患者精神症状、认知功能的疗效及差异.方法:将82例患者随机分为合用组(40例,利培酮片合并舒肝解郁胶囊治疗)和单用组(42例,单用利培酮片治疗),并于入组时、入组8周进行阳性与阴性症状评定量表(Positive and Negative syndrome Scale for schizophrenia,PANSS)、不良反应量表(Treatment Emergent Symptoms scale,TESS)、事件相关电位(Event-Related Potentials,ERP)和探究性眼动分析(Exploratory Eye Movement,EEM)的评定,与对照组(40例,不服用任何药物)进行比较及患者组间比较.结果:合用组与单用组入组8周PANSS量表各项分均较入组前降低(P<0.05).与入组时相比,入组8周时,合用组N2、P3潜伏期缩短,P3波幅、NEF增高,单用组P3潜伏期缩短,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);合用组N2、P3潜伏期短于单用组,P3波幅、NEF高于单用组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:舒肝解郁胶囊能显著改善Ⅱ型精神分裂症患者的认知功能.

  2. The Recreation of the Beauty of Artistic Conception from the Translating LiYu's Ci into English%从李煜词的英译看意境美的再现



    中国古诗的意境影响深远,历代对意境的论述也为数不少,意境说还影响到了西方的诗歌,如美国意象派的创始人Ezra Pound,庞德本人也翻译过很多中国的古诗如李白的诗,也尝试过把中国古诗的意境美移植到西方的文化中,让更多的西方人了解到中国古诗的意境美,然而庞德的翻译毕竟不是扎根于中国文化的土壤中,翻译中的缺陷也很明显,有学者认为庞德是借李白之诗,抒发庞德之意,而许渊冲先生在翻译中国古诗上要略胜一筹,尤其是在传递中国古诗的意境美上更是如此.

  3. Voloshina I.B., Metlov V.G., Shugarov S.Yu., Golovin A.V., Antoniuk O.I. Positive and Negative Superhumps of the Dwarf Nova MN Dra

    Samsonov, D. A.; Pavlenko, E. P.; Andreev, M. V.; Sklyanov, A.; Zubareva, A. M.


    We present the result of O-C analysis of the dwarf nova MN Dra. It is based on the multi-site photometric observations that were made over 77 nights in August - November, 2009. The total exposure was 433 hours. During this time binary underwent two superoutbursts and five normal outbursts. In superoutbursts the positive superhumps decreased with extremely large P = -(3 - 8) x 10-4 for SU UMa-like dwarf novae, confirming the known behavior of MN Dra in 2003. MN Dra displayed large-amplitude (up to 1.4m in quiescence and 0.1m-0.2m in normal outbursts) negative superhumps. The improved value of negative superhump period is 0.095952(4) d.

  4. Characterization of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Xiangxi Traditional Low Salt Fermented Fish (Suan yu)%湘西传统酸鱼中乳酸菌的分离及特性研究

    曾雪峰; 夏文水


    对从湘西传统酸鱼4个不同发酵阶段分离的196株乳酸菌种类进行了研究,分离出的乳酸菌主要包括植物乳杆菌、戊糖片球菌、食品乳杆菌、明串珠菌、肠球菌及干酪乳杆菌等,并且这些乳酸菌在发酵过程中呈现出一种动态的变化进程.同时对分离到的乳酸菌进行了一系列的生理生化试验;产酸速率实验,耐食盐、耐亚硝盐实验,耐酸及耐胆盐实验,氨基酸脱羧酶实验以及抑菌实验,选育出具有较好的发酵剂潜力的3株植物乳杆菌和1株戊糖片球菌.%A total of 196 lactic acid bacteria were isolated from Xiangxi traditional low salt fermented fish at four different stages of the ripening process. These bacteria mainly included Lactobacillus plantarum, Pediococcus pentosa-ceus , Lactobacillus alimentarius, Enterococcus durans, Lactobacillus casei, and the like. All of them showed a dynamic variation during fermentation. Characterization of isolated strains were studied, such as a series of physiological and biochemical tests, amino acid decarboxylase test, the test of rate of acid production, and antimicrobial activity against food-borne pathogens. Three L. plantarum strains and one P. pentosaceus strain showed the best properties as potential starter cultures for industry production.

  5. Huang Chun-chieh 黃俊傑 (ur.: Dongya ruxue yanjiude huigu yu fazhan 東亞儒學研究的回顧與 展望 (Retrospektiva in perspektive raziskovanja vzhodnoazijskega konfucianizma

    Jana S. Rošker


    Full Text Available Pričujoča knjiga je bila objavljena kot del raziskovalnega programa vzhodnoazijskih konfucianizmov v okviru Inštituta naprednih študij v humanistiki in družboslovju, ki je bil leta 2006 vzpostavljen na Nacionalni tajvanski univerzi. Raziskovalni program se je usmeril v preučevanje vzhodnoazijskega konfucianizma, njegov rezultat pa je bilo med drugim sedem obsežnih knjižnih serij.

  6. Treatment of restless legs syndrome with acupuncture by Chief Physician BAI Yu-lan%白玉兰主任医师针灸综合治疗不宁腿综合征

    李虹; 侯中伟; 白玉兰


    @@ 不宁腿综合征(Restless legs Syndrome,RLS),又称为Ekbom综合征,其临床表现通常为夜间睡眠时,双下肢出现极度的不适感,迫使患者不停地移动下肢或下地行走,导致患者出现严重的睡眠障碍.白玉兰主任医师采用针灸综合疗法治此病有丰富的经验,现介绍如下.

  7. Nerve remodeling in a canine model of atrial fibrillation induced by 48 hours right atrial pacing YU%快速右心房起搏致犬心房迷走神经重构的研究

    于付生; 张彦; 冯艳; 张玲; 马艳红; 宋伟; 侯月梅


    Objective To evaluate the nerve remodeling induced by 48 hours right atrial pacing in a canine model. Methods Rapid right atrial pacing (600 beats/min) was performed in 6 mongrel dogs of either sex for 48 hours to induce sustained atrial fibrillation (AF). Six dogs without pacing served as controls. Cardiac nerves were immunocytochemically stained using anti-growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) and anti-choline acetyltransferase (CHAT) antibodies to compare nerve sprouting and pneumogastric nerve remodeling between the 2 groups. Results In dogs with AF, the GAP43-positive and CHAT-positive nerve densities in the left atrium, left auricular appendage, right atrium and right auricular appendage were significantly higher than in control animals (all P <0.05). Moreover, nerve density was significantly higher in the right atrium than in the left atrium in dogs with AF. Microscopic examinations revealed an inhomogeneous distribution of cardiac nerves. Conclusion Significant nerve sprouting and pneumogastric nerve remodeling were evidenced in the right and left atrium in a canine model of sustained AF induced by 48 hours right atrial pacing.%目的 通过对快速心房起搏犬的神经相关因子的研究,观察右心房快速起搏48 h是否引起神经重构及其在心房颤动(房颤)中的作用.方法 健康杂种犬12只,随机分为房颤组(6只)和对照组(6只).右心房起搏600次/min、持续48 h.通过一种在发芽轴突生长丘中表达的蛋白质(GAP-43)和乙酰胆碱转移酶(CHAT)来了解心脏神经萌发和迷走神经的重构.结果 在房颤犬的左心房、左心耳、右心房和右心耳,GAP-43和CHAT的神经密度同对照组相比明显增高,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05).此外,房颤犬的右心房GAP-43和CHAT的神经密度与左心房有明显差异(P<0.05),显微镜下显示每个样点心脏神经不均匀分布.结论 48 h持续起搏犬右心房形成阵发性房颤,可见明显的神经萌发和迷走神经重构且不均一分布.

  8. The Depth of a Soul: On Cao Yu's Drama Creation and Heterotopia of Urban Space%灵魂的深度:论曹禺戏剧创作与城市空间的"异形"




  9. 高晞: 《德贞传:一个英国传教士与晚清医学近代化》%XI Gao,Dezhen zhuan: Yige Yingguo chuanjiaoshi yu wanQing yixue jindaihua



    @@ China before 1911 saw two waves of introduction of Western medicine: the late Ming and early Qing dynasties, and the late Qing Dynasty. Catholic missionaries played a decisive role in the first stage, through their introduction of Western anatomical knowledge, which was the most advanced for its time in 17th century Europe. However, by this date, Western medicine in Europe had not succeeded in ridding itself of the theological framework in which it had originated to make advances beyond the religious orthodoxies imposed by the Catholic missionaries who brought it to China.

  10. A Comparison of Psychological Descriptions in Dostoyevsky and Yu Da-fu%陀思妥耶夫斯基与郁达夫心理描写异同论




  11. Discussion on Current Situation of Volunteers Who Involved in Volunteer Screening for Phase I Clinical Trials Yu%I期药物临床试验筛选健康志愿者现状浅析

    于伟越; 李鹏飞; 张丽荣; 刘洪川; 张茜; 刘丽宏; 彭军


    ObjectiveThe situations of volunteers who involved in volunteer screening for Phase I clinical trials in 2012 were analyzed to provide reference for the development of volunteer screening criteria for phase I clinical trials. Methods 98 volunteers, who participated volunteer screening from May 2012 to September 2012, were analyzed. Retrospective pooled analysis was used for their general conditions, physical examinations, vital signs, electrocardiograms, chest radio graphs and laboratory check.Results A total of 98 volunteers, male 78, female 20. The abnormal BMI takes 5 cases, 2 cases with hypertension, 2 cases with heart murmur, 3 cases with tachycardia, 20 cases with abnormal laboratory test results, 2 cases with chest-ray abnormalities, 16 cases with poor compliance, 48 cases actually participated in Phase I clinical trial. ConclusionThe proportion of unqualified volunteers involved in screening for phase I clinical trials is very high, because in addition to the volunteers themselves substandard physical fitness, but also accounted for the main reason for compliance. So researchers should take a variety of methods to improve the compliance of volunteers such as learning more about volunteer's personal circumstances, affinity attitude and proper communication skills et al.%目的:对参与2012年I期药物临床试验筛选的志愿者一般状况进行分析,为制定I期药物临床试验受试者的筛选标准提供参考依据。方法对2012年5月-2012年9月在某院I期药物临床试验研究室参加临床试验筛选的98名志愿者的一般资料、体格检查、生命体征、心电图、胸部正位片以及实验室检查进行回顾性汇总分析。结果参加筛选的共有98人,男性78人,女性20人。其中体重指数不合格5人,高血压2人,心脏杂音2人,心动过速3人,实验室检查结果异常20人,胸片异常2人,依从性差者16人,实际可参加试验的志愿者为48人。结论参与I期药物临床试验筛选的志愿者不合格人数较多,不合格原因除了志愿者本身的身体素质外,依从性也占主要原因。筛选志愿者时应详细了解志愿者的健康状况、研究者亲和的态度及恰当的交流技巧等多方面入手提高志愿者的依从性。

  12. Analysis the development model of Yu Ebao and its impact on bank finance%分析“余额宝”的发展模式及对银行金融的冲击

    张海超; 张琼丹; 张义奎; 李丹; 刘素文; 付强



  13. Han Yu's Efforts in Analysing Literary Genres: in the Case of Hua Ji%韩愈探究文学样式的尝试--《画记》分析

    川合康三; 蒋寅


    @@ 文学是以语言为材料的艺术,这是谁都承认的,不需要赘言.但是,有些语言被看作是文学,有些则不,两者间有什么不同呢?语言是如何成为文学的呢?弄清这个问题,是文学研究的根本.

  14. 论证明过程中的设证推理--以南京彭宇案为例%Abduction in Process of Proof-A Case Study of Peng Yu Case in Nanjing



    Compared with deduction and induction, abduction is the most creative reasoning, it can produce new ideas , which is of great signiifcance in the fact-ifnding and the legal discovery processes. Meanwhile, as an inference method, abduction is also used in fact-ifnding activities of the court, speciifcally in the reasoning part of the written judgment. However, due to errors of reasoning made by the fact ifnder and its inherent limitations, abduction would be used improperly, so it is necessary to set the limits and rules of using abduction in fact-ifnding activities to pursue truth ascertainment.%设证推理相对于演绎推理和归纳推理而言是最具有创造性的推理,设证推理能产生新的思想,这在事实发现和法律发现过程中具有重要的意义。同时设证推理作为一种推理方法也在法院的事实认定活动中被运用,具体在判决书的说理部分有所反映。但是设证推理由于裁判者的错误判断和其本身具有的局限性容易造成不适当的使用,所以在进行事实认定活动时需要对设证推理的运用设置范围和规则,以求达到更好地追求事实真相的目的。

  15. Reunderstanding on Public Security and Social Security---Discussion with Mr .Yu Bin%关于公共保障与社会保障几个问题的再认识--与余斌先生商榷

    孙健夫; 陈丽莎


    Public security is closely linked with fiscal expenditure .It is a mean that the governments use to meet social needs by providing public goods when market mechanism fails to do so .Unlimitedly expanding the concept of public security and over‐extending its function will result in the crowding‐out effect to market’ s resources allocation function . As an important component of the public security system ,social security is a major innovation in the social management field to adapt to the change of industrialized social production mode .T he key value of social security is to make institutional arrange‐ments for social members ,especially for the vulnerable groups ,leading by the government .The current construction of social security system in China needs to adhere to the principle of universality ,as well as to prevent blind improvement of social security level beyond economic affordability .T hus ,the principle of moderation should be the basic principle for social security system .%公共保障与公共财政支出存在密切联系,它是由政府通过提供公共产品来满足市场机制无力解决的社会需求的手段。无限制地扩大公共保障的内涵,过度扩大公共保障的功能,会对市场机制配置资源的功能形成挤出效应。社会保障作为公共保障体系的重要组成部分,是适应工业化社会生产方式的变化在社会管理领域的一大创新。它所体现的价值在于由政府主导对社会成员尤其是弱势群体的基本生活条件进行制度性安排。我国目前社会保障制度的建设,也需要在坚持普遍性原则的同时,防止脱离经济承受能力,盲目提高社会保障水平。适度原则应该成为社会保障制度的基本原则。

  16. On the Esthetic Style of Shi Shuo Xin Yu Reflected in it's Preface and Postscript%从《世说新语》序跋看其审美风格



    As a masterpiece of Story Depicting Humanity,Shi Shuo Xin Y u was popular with literati in the past dynasties,such as Huang Bosi,Wang Zao,Dong Fen,Lu You,Gao Sisun,Liu Yingdeng in Song dynasty,Yuan Jiong,Yang Shen in Ming dynasty,and Wang Shizhen,Shen Yan,Sun Yuxiu,Zhou Xinru,Li Diaoyuan in Qing dynasty. They all have written a Preface and postscript or inscription for it. These Preface and postscripts or inscriptions relate to the name,the book version,the spread of the book,the thoughts and the esthetic style of the book. This article discusses the esthetic style of Shi Shuo Xin Y u from three areas, including Portrayal,peculiar language of character and celebrities style.%《世说新语》是志人小说的代表作,备受历代文人喜爱,宋代黄伯思、汪藻、董弅、陆游、高似孙、刘应登,明代袁褧、杨慎,清代王士禛、沈岩、孙毓修、周心如、李调元等都为其撰写了序跋或题词。这些序跋、题词涉及到《世说新语》的名称、版本、传播、思想及审美风格等多方面的问题。本文从写人状物、人物语言、名士风貌三个方面论述了《世说新语》的审美风格。

  17. 俞汝勤教授研究组所获国家自然科学奖二等奖简介%Introduction on the outstanding achievements of professor Yu Ru-qin and his coworkers Reviews



  18. Clinical survey on traditional medicine Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang used in treatment of hematoma post cerebro-injury%血府逐瘀汤治疗脑损伤后颅内血肿的临床观察




  19. Returning to "Wei Yu": Thoughts on Inheriting Indigenous Knowledge in School Education%回归位育:学校教育中的本土知识传承之思




  20. Collections of Anecdotes Covering With Absurd Aesthetics---On YU Hua’ s“The Seventh Day”%被荒诞美学遮蔽的杂闻汇编--评余华的小说《第七天》



    “The Seventh Day” is fictional,collections of anecdotes,with absurd aesthetics. The mixture of ideologies and vulgar taste is the result of marketing.The producing process of this work is a miniature of commercial writing model since 1990s.It is of great importance to re-flect this writing model for constructing modern literature value.%虽然混杂着荒诞美学,同时汇编了时事杂闻,但《第七天》依然呈现出一种失真感。文本所包含的各种意识形态及其媚俗趣味,是其迎合商业化运作模式的必然结果。《第七天》的生产过程是上世纪90年代以来所形成的商业写作模式的缩影,反思这种写作模式对当代文学价值的建构具有重要意义。

  1. 连萸煎剂对自发性高血压大鼠血压和心功能的影响%Influence of Lian-Yu Decoction on Blood Pressure and Cardiac Function in Spontaneous Hypertension Rats

    褚瑜光; 卜宪峥; 胡元会; 吴华芹; 冯玲; 周育平


    目的:观察连萸煎剂对自发性高血压大鼠(SHR)血压和心功能的影响.方法:将24只SHR随机分为模型组(Model)、硝苯地平组(Nif)、连萸煎剂组(LY) 3组,每组8只,以正常WKY大鼠为对照组(WKY)(n=8),共4组.WKY组和Model组给予生理盐水,Nif组给予硝苯地平溶液,中药组给予相应配伍剂量的浓煎剂,连续灌胃4周,用尾部加压法测量大鼠灌胃4周末尾动脉的收缩压,同时测量大鼠血流动力学及心功能指标.结果:与Model组比较,连萸煎剂组大鼠灌胃4周末血压水平均明显降低(P<0.01).4周后心功能参数LVSP、±dp/dtmax均有明显提高,LVEDP明显降低(P<0.01或0.05).结论:连萸煎剂能明显降低原发性高血压大鼠血压,有效改善心功能.

  2. 女人的中国医疗史——汉唐之间的健康照顾与性别%Nüren de Zhongguo yiliao shi:HanTang zhijian de jiankang zhaogu yu xingbie



    @@ Nowadays when people's views on health are dominated by modem medical science,the unique theoretical system of traditional Chinese medicine is a stranger to most modem people.Due to the archaisms,the definite meanings of many terms and words in traditional Chinese medical books and records have not been acknowledged.The medical science seems to have a vague relationship with diVination.The effect of some mysterious recipes can not be verified.All these make the research on medical history in ancient China so difficult.Even if the above"obstacles"are overcome,it still seems an impossible iob for scholars to discuss the issue of Chinese female's medical treatment from 2nd century 10th century A.D.and to put the issue in the field of gender study to explore the situation of female's health care during this period.

  3. On the Environment of Eruption of the Lava Flow of the Ta-hung-yu Formation in North-eastern Hopei%冀东北大紅峪地层中火山岩流的噴出环境



    @@ 河北省东北部震旦紀大紅峪地层的安山玄武岩流,分布面积达4000余平方公里,东起遵化,西至怀柔,南起薊县,北至兴隆.(图1)笔者會在陈崎,吳郁彦两位先生的指导下,对于兴隆八区茅山乡一带的火山岩流作了詳細地覌察并采集了一百余块标本,測制了六个剖面,进行了四十余薄片的鏡下覌察.由于前人对这类前"生代的火山岩系还很少研究,但笔者愿将在工作中的认識,提出自己粗浅的意見,供大家商討.

  4. 玉华洞风景名胜区旅游资源信息系统设计%The Design of Tourism Geographical Information System of YuHuaDong Scenic Spot




  5. 俞景茂教授治疗儿童咳嗽变异性哮喘经验%Professor YU Jing-mao's experience in treating pediatric cough variant asthma




  6. 胡阿祥:《东晋南朝侨州郡县与侨流人口研究》%Axiang Hu, Dongjin Nanchao Qiao zhoujunxian yu qiaoliu renkou yanjiu



    @@ The epoch of the Wei, Jin and Southern and Northern dynasties was perhaps the most chaotic and complicated era in Chinese history, in terms of regime instability. Except for a short period of unification under the Western Jin, this era was marked by continuous division and confrontation. Accordingly, professional historians and amateur history lovers alike prefer to examine the unified and the powerful Han and Tang dynasties and are often unwilling to deal with this discordant and tumultuous time.However,the furious conflicts of this era actually promoted ethnic amalgamations,territorial exploits,cultural transmission and intellectual communication,therefore,an in-depth study of this period is not only worthwhile,but necessary.

  7. 登记行为补助行为说之质疑--兼与刘保玉教授商榷%Query on Assistant Conduct Related to Registration Conduct--Discussion with Professor LIU Bao-yu



    Provisional Regulations on Real Estate Registration is published and is significant to guaran⁃tee and propel the development of real estate in our market economy. The regulations do not define the nature of the registration agency. As integrity, the registration consists of the private legal con⁃duct of the applicant for the registration and the public legal conduct of the registration agency with its registration and examination. The registration agency’s conduct can not be defined as a kind of assistant conduct. The registration can not be explained as conduct of property right even against this theory. The nature, conduct, distinction of assistant conduct as well as the function of the regis⁃tration can not be defined as assistant conduct.%《不动产登记暂行条例》公布实施,对于保障和促进我国市场经济体制在不动产领域的发展具有重要意义。但该条例并未明确登记机构登记行为性质。不动产登记作为一个整体,由当事人所实施的申请登记的私法行为和登记机构所实施的登记审查的公法行为共同构成。不能将作为公法性质的登记机构登记行为界定为民事行为中的补助行为。我国的不动产登记不能想当然解释为物权行为,从登记机构登记行为的性质、登记行为与补助行为的区别及补助行为功能角度分析,将登记机构的登记行为界定为补助行为,并不妥当。登记行为并非补助行为,并不影响登记机构因错误登记所应承担的民事侵权责任性质。

  8. Rev. Wu Hong-yu, a Chinese Clergyman who ever Participated the American Civil War%美国南北战争中的中国牧师——吴虹玉



    @@ 在亲历被美国史家称为"合众国成立的洗礼"的美国南北战争的联邦军队士兵中,竟有一位鲜为人知、来自大洋彼岸的中国人,他就是中国圣公会的牧师吴虹玉先生.

  9. Rising to Majestic Heights——On Cao Yu's Tragedy Consciousness and Eugene O'Neal's Plays%走向"崇高"之境——曹禺的悲剧意识与奥尼尔剧作




  10. Landcover Change of YuTian Oasis Based on Remote Sensing and GIS%基于遥感与GIS的于田绿洲土地覆盖动态研究

    刘传胜; 塔西甫拉提·特依拜; 丁建丽


    在完成于田绿洲图像库和矢量数据库的基础上,通过遥感与GIS技术,研究了近10 a于田地区的土地覆盖类型变化,并结合历年实地考察结果,分析了该地区的环境变化和荒漠化程度,研究结果对西部干旱区绿洲的环境演变和可持续发展研究,具有现实意义.

  11. "一场幽梦同谁近,千古情人独我痴"——也说贾宝玉之"意淫"%On JIA Bao-yu's Mental Masturbation: A True Spiritual Love to Lasses




  12. 背影与眼翳:余光中与朱自清散文的同与异%A Figure Hidden in A Mist:the Similarities and Differences of Prose Styles of Yu Guangzhong and Zhu Ziqing




  13. 从《语丝》和《骆驼草》看周作人编辑思想的变化%On the Change of Zhou Zuoren's Editorial Thoughts from the Magazines of Yu Si and Camel Grass




  14. 基于嵌入式web Server的远程数据采集系统的网络实现%Realizes Yu Pengming based on the embedded web Server long range data gathering

    俞鹏明; 裴华刚


    研究嵌入式系统作为WEB SERVER,提供远程客户访问本地采集的数据.系统平台采用ARM处理器和嵌入式uClinux操作系统,通过对系统的分析,选择合适的TCP/IP协议来实现远程数据采集系统的服务端功能.

  15. 《齐东野语》中的亲属称谓语研究%The Study of Relative Appellation Terms inQi Dong Ye Yu(齐东野语)



    The relative appellation terms are the tags of the relationship between the family and relatives. These relative appellation terms can distinguish old and young, superior and inferior, close and distant. As one of the classic during The Notes of Song Dynasty, the relative appellation terms inQi Dong Ye Yuare numerous. They are not only the calling sign, but also reflect the mutual relationship between families and members of the same clan in the Song Dynasty. And these relative appellation terms can help us understand the social culture of Song Dynasty.%亲属称谓是人们在家庭内部和亲属往来中相互关系的标记,用以别长幼、分尊卑和辨亲疏。《齐东野语》作为宋人笔记名著之一,其亲属称谓语数量众多,这些亲属称谓语不仅仅是简单的称呼符号,也从一个侧面反映了宋代家庭、亲族中人与人的相互关系,有助于我们了解宋代的社会风貌。

  16. 走在参数化设计的路上——在ZAHA HADID事务所工作的杜宇%Parametric Design in the Way——Du Yu Working in ZAHA HADID Firm



    @@ 先介绍一下当时申请AA的情况吧. DY:那个时候知道AA是从建筑学导报,1996年有一期很详细地介绍了AA的教育体系和每个UNIT的研究方向,这样对AA这个学校就有了个大概的认识,之后也时常关注一些相关的信息,不过那个时候AA的主页远没有现在这么精致,信息量也不大,然后大三学年结束后接触到一位老师,她自己对AA所进行的教育模式以及内容方向很感兴趣,同时也鼓励学生去接触这方面的知识,了解国外的不同设计理念和设计方法.

  17. Professor LIU Yu-Xin's Clinical Experience on Treating Dysmenorrhea with Cold Stagnation and Blood Stasis%导师刘宇新教授治疗寒凝血瘀型痛经临证体会

    李铭欣; 刘宇新


    青春期原发性痛经是临床常见病,导师辨证求因,运用经前温补肾阳、经期祛瘀止痛、经后益气调经之法治疗寒凝血瘀型痛经,疗效显著.%Primary dysmenorrhea in adolescence is a clinical common disease, and professor LIU's diagnosis method is based on the overall analysis of symptoms, the methods of warming and invigorating kidney Yang before menstrual period, eliminating stasis and relieving pain in menstrual period, replenishing qi and regulating the menstrual function after menstrual period, are effective.

  18. 愈痫灵对红藻氨酸致痫大鼠行为的影响%The Influence of YuXianLing(YXL)on the Behavior of Experimental Epilepsia Rats Induced by Kainic Acid(KA)

    钟艳; 王净净; 李振光; 何群; 顾星; 段祖珍



  19. 重载交通条件下榆佳高速公路汽车荷载研究%Research on Vehicle Load of Highway Bridges on Yu-Jia Highway under Heavy Traffic

    成立涛; 刘宁


    榆林至佳县高速公路是陕西省重要的能源运输大通道,重型汽车比例高,交通量大,应用现行规范公路—Ⅰ级汽车荷载进行设计难以满足目标可靠度要求.在对该区域进行交通量调查、研究的基础上,提出适应于该高速公路重载交通特点的桥梁荷载模型.该模型采用车列荷载模式,能直观反映作用于桥梁汽车轴重、总重、轴距等参数,方便桥梁的运营管理,且使桥梁在实际重载交通条件下的安全性和耐久性得到保证.该汽车荷载模型与公路—Ⅰ级的对比分析表明:若采用公路—Ⅰ级汽车荷载乘以放大系数的方法进行设计,会造成不必要的浪费,却未必起到控制设计的目的.采用该汽车荷载进行桥梁设计对总造价影响较小,却能提高公路通行能力.%The highway of Yulin to Jiaxian,with a high proportion of heavy vehicles and large traffic volume,is an important energy transport passage in Shaanxi province.It is hard to meet the reliability requirements using Highway-Ⅰ Class traffic load to design the bridges.A special live load model of highway bridges suitable for the heavy traffic is established after site investigation.The model consists of standard vehicles,which can intuitively reflect the axle loads,gross weight,and wheelbase,etc.,and makes the management of bridge easy and the safty and durability of bridge on heavy traffic to be guaranteed.The comparison between the model and Highway-Ⅰ Class traffic load shows that it will cause in unnecessary waste if using the design method of Highway-Ⅰ Class load multiplied by amplification fator,which will not surely reach the control target.However,this load model has slight effect on overall project cost and can improve the traffic capacity greatly.

  20. Study on Hygienic Status and Mutagenicity of Drinking Water in YuHang Rural Areas%余杭区农村饮用水卫生现况及致突变性研究

    金顺亮; 陶核; 项橘香; 徐娟; 吴南翔


    目的 对余杭区农村饮用水现况进行调查,并对其中两个水厂的水源水与出厂水进行致突变检测,了解和分析全区农村饮用水的水质.方法 在全区开展农村饮用水基本情况调查,并选择有代表性的20个监测点对水厂水源水、出厂水、管网水和分散式供水在丰、枯水期进行采样监测,共计224份样品,参照卫生部(2001)进行评价.并且运用Ames试验对其中两个水厂的水源水和出厂水进行致突变性检测.结果 完全处理供水的水质合格率为43.29%(42/97),部分处理(沉淀过滤)供水及未处理供水的水质合格率为22.83%(29/127),两者差异有统计学意义(χ2=4.12,P<0.05).Ames试验结果表明H水厂水源水有机浓集物浓度为5.0L/皿时对TA98加或不加S9代谢活化物为阳性(回变率≥2),H水厂出厂水有机浓集物为2.5L/皿和5.0L/皿加或不加S9都呈阳性反应.结论 非完全处理供水的水质合格率较低,其中H水厂水源水和出厂水存在不同程度的致突变性.

  1. Discussion of "A new method for predicting nonlinear structural vibrations induced by ground impact loading" by Jun Liu, Yu Zhang, Bin Yun, Journal of Sound and Vibration, 331 (2012) 2129-2140

    Svinkin, Mark R.


    The authors suggested a hybrid method for modeling the time history of structural vibrations triggered by impact dynamic loads from construction equipment and blasting, and they stated, "In this work, a hybrid method has been proposed to calculate the theoretical seismograms of structural vibrations. The word "hybrid" denotes a combination of field measurements and computer simulations. Then, based on nonlinear system theory, a novel method is proposed to predict the signal induced by impact loading".

  2. Analysis on Microorganism in Transformer Oil WEI Qiang, XIAO Fu-ming, HU Bing-hai, YU Min-chao, YANG Jun%变压器油中微生物的浅析

    韦强; 肖福明; 胡秉海; 于敏潮; 杨军


    The situation of microorganism in transformer oil is introduced. The effect of microorganism on electric insulation performence of transformer oil is expounded.%主要介绍了变压器油中微生物存在的情况,阐述了微生物对变压器油电气绝缘性能的影响程度。

  3. The Beauty of Ambiguity of Melancholy - A Comparative Study of Yu Hua and Yasunari Kawabata%忧郁朦胧之美——余华与川端康成比较研究




  4. 20世纪中国文学视域中的郁达夫——纪念郁达夫110周年诞辰国际学术研讨会综述%Yu Dafu in the Visual Field of 20th Century Chinese Literature——A Summary of the International Academic Seminar on the Commemoration of the 110th Anniversary of Yu Dafu's Birth

    李杭春; 陈力君; 郁峻峰



  5. New Ethnography Writing and Stories out of Historical Reconstruction-A Review of Ethnomusicology and Modern Music History (minzuzhi xin xiezuo yu lishi chonggou de gushi 《minzu yinyuexue yu xiandai yinyue shi》 yihou%民族志新写作与历史重构的故事——《民族音乐学与现代音乐史》译后



    @@ 从1980年代后半期开始,西方民族音乐学界弥漫着一股反思的气氛.首先是1987年,美国民族音乐学学者赖斯质疑梅里亚姆的"观念-行为-声音"的三分模式,认为梅氏只强调社会过程,结果使民族音乐学疏远了历史音乐学所关注的问题.赖斯从象征-阐释学派的人类学家格尔茨(Clifford Geertz)(1973年)中的一句话得到了启示,即"象征体系……

  6. 寻源探流 传承发展——从鱼山梵呗看佛教音乐的"中国化"%Finding the origin, and Develop the custom - the "Chinesization" of Buddhism Music from the view of Yu -shan Fan - beiFinding the origin, and Develop the custom - the "Chinesization" of Buddhism Music from the view of Yu -shan Fan - bei.




  7. The relationship between apolipoprotein E gene ε2/ε3/ε4 polymorphism and breast cancer risk: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    Liu YL


    Full Text Available Yun-Long Liu,1 Hao-Min Zhang,1 Hong-Ming Pan,2 Yu-Hang Bao,2 Jing Xue,2 Tian-Chang Wang,1 Xiao-Cheng Dong,1 Xiao-Ling Li,3 Hong-Guang Bao1 1Department of Chest Surgery, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Qiqihar Medical University, 2Basic Medical Science College, Qiqihar Medical University, Qiqihar, Heilongjiang, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Anatomy, Basic Medical Science College, Qiqihar Medical University, Qiqihar, Heilongjiang, People’s Republic of China Objective: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis aiming to assess the relationship between apolipoprotein E (APOE gene ε2/ε3/ε4 polymorphism and breast cancer risk. Methods: Yun-Long Liu and Hao-Min Zhang independently completed literature retrieval and data collection, and statistical analyses were performed by Stata. Individual odds ratio (OR and 95% confidence interval (CI were pooled in a random-effects model using the DerSimonian–Laird method. Heterogeneity was evaluated by I2 statistic at a significance level of 50%. Publication bias was assessed by Egger’s test. Results: Eleven articles including 2,074 breast cancer patients and 2,372 controls were summarized. Using the most common allele ε3 as a reference, the ε2 (OR =0.87, 95% CI =0.72–1.05, P=0.154, I2=0.0% and ε4 (OR =1.07, 95% CI =0.80–1.42, P=0.654, I2=71.8% alleles were not found to be significantly associated with breast cancer risk in the overall analyses. Subgroup analyses revealed that the comparison of allele ε4 with ε3 was significant in Asians (OR =1.58, 95% CI =1.17–6.32, P=0.003, I2=12.1% and in studies that used the restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP genotyping method (OR =1.27; 95% CI =1.01–1.61, P=0.045, I2=34.3%, and was marginally significant in hospital-based studies (OR =1.33; 95% CI =0.98–1.79, P=0.065, I2=30.2%, without heterogeneity. Moreover, the presence of the ε2 allele was significantly associated with breast cancer in small studies (total

  8. Fenretinide inhibits macrophage inflammatory mediators and controls hypertension in spontaneously hypertensive rats via the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma pathway

    Lin CH


    Full Text Available Ching-Han Lin,1,* Shang-Yu Lee,2,* Chun-Cheng Zhang,3 Ye-Fong Du,1 Hao-Chang Hung,1 Hung-Tsung Wu,4 Horng-Yih Ou1 1Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, 2Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Chi-Mei Medical Center, 3Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Holistic Care, Chi-Mei Medical Center, 4Research Center of Clinical Medicine, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Fenretinide is a novel anticancer agent reported to exhibit anti-invasive and antimetastatic activities. It has also been shown to improve obesity and diabetes, although the effects of fenretinide on hypertension are still unknown, and the detailed mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we have shown that treatment with lipopolysaccharide (LPS decreased the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ in RAW264.7 macrophages, and pretreatment with fenretinide reversed the effect of LPS on PPARγ expression. In addition, LPS-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine production, including tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin 6, and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 were dose-dependently reversed by fenretinide, and the effects of fenretinide on LPS-induced pro-inflammatory cytokine production were blocked by treatment with PPARγ antagonist. Moreover, fenretinide decreased LPS-induced inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and nitrogen oxide production. These effects were blocked by the pretreatment with PPARγ antagonist in a dose-dependent manner, indicating fenretinide activated PPARγ to exert anti-inflammation activity. In view of the role of inflammation in hypertension and the anti-inflammatory action of fenretinide, we found that administration of fenretinide in spontaneously hypertensive rats

  9. Intravenous chemotherapy combined with intravesical chemotherapy to treat T1G3 bladder urothelial carcinoma after transurethral resection of bladder tumor: results of a retrospective study

    Zhang Y


    Full Text Available Yu Zhang,1,* Linguo Xie,1,* Tao Chen,1,* Wanqin Xie,2 Zhouliang Wu,1 Hao Xu,1 Chen Xing,1 Nan Sha,1 Zhonghua Shen,1 Yunkai Qie,1 Xiaoteng Liu,1 Hailong Hu,1 Changli Wu1 1Department of Urology, The Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin Institute of Urology, Tianjin, 2Key Laboratory of Genetics and Birth Health of Hunan Province, The Family Planning Research Institute of Hunan Province, Changsha, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Objective: The management of stage 1 and grade 3 (T1G3 bladder cancer continues to be controversial. Although the transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT followed by intravesical chemotherapy is a conservative strategy for treatment of T1G3 bladder cancer, a relatively high risk of tumor recurrence and progression remains regarding the therapy. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of intravenous chemotherapy combined with intravesical chemotherapy versus intravesical chemotherapy alone for T1G3 bladder cancer after TURBT surgery. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the cases of 457 patients who were newly diagnosed with T1G3 bladder urothelial carcinoma between January 2009 and March 2014. After TURBT, 281 patients received intravesical chemotherapy alone, whereas 176 patients underwent intravesical chemotherapy in combination with intravenous chemotherapy. Tumor recurrence and progression were monitored periodically by urine cytology and cystoscopy in follow-up. Recurrence-free survival and progression-free survival of the two chemotherapy strategies following TURBT were analyzed. Univariable and multivariable Cox hazards analyses were performed to predict the prognostic factors for tumor recurrence and progression. Results: The tumor recurrence rate was 36.7% for patients who received intravesical chemotherapy alone after TURBT, compared with 19.9% for patients who received intravenous chemotherapy combined with intravesical chemotherapy after

  10. Investigation of cyclin D1 rs9344 G>A polymorphism in colorectal cancer: a meta-analysis involving 13,642 subjects

    Qiu H


    Full Text Available Hao Qiu,1,* Chengguo Cheng,2,* Yafeng Wang,3 Mingqiang Kang,4 Weifeng Tang,4,5 Shuchen Chen,4 Haiyong Gu,6 Chao Liu,5 Yu Chen7,8 1Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Jiangsu University, 2Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 3Department of Cardiology, The People’s Hospital of Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Jinghong, 4Department of Thoracic Surgery, Affiliated Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University, Fuzhou, 5Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Affiliated People’s Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, 6Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, 7Department of Medical Oncology, Fujian Provincial Cancer Hospital, Fujian Medical University Cancer Hospital, 8Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Translational Cancer Medicine, Fuzhou, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: The relationship between cyclin D1 (CCND1 rs9344 G>A polymorphism and colorectal cancer (CRC risk is still ambiguous. To obtain a precise estimation of the relationship, we performed an extensive meta-analysis based on the eligible studies. Crude odds ratios with their 95% confidence intervals were harnessed to determine the strength of correlation between CCND1 rs9344 G>A polymorphism and CRC risk under the allele, the homozygote, the dominant, and the recessive genetic models, respectively (28 studies with 5,784 CRC cases and 7,858 controls. Our results indicated evidence of the association between CCND1 rs9344 G>A polymorphism and the increased risk of CRC in four genetic models: A vs G, AA vs GG, AA+GA vs GG, and AA vs GA+GG. In a stratified analysis by cancer type of CRC, there was an increased risk of sporadic CRC found in three genetic models: A vs G, AA vs GG, and AA+GA vs GG. In a stratified analysis by ethnicity, there was an increased CRC risk found among Asians in allele comparison

  11. Influence of pH on the thixotropy of magnesium aluminum hydroxide-kaolinite suspension

    DAI; Xiaonan


    [1]Chen Zongqi, Shi Lin, Wu Shiying et al., The negative thixotropy, Chemistry (in Chinese), 1991, 54(2): 31-34.[2]Hou Wanguo, Sun Dejun, Han Shuhua et al., A novel thixotropic phenomenon-complex thixotropic behavior, Chem. Res. Chin. Univ., 1997, 13(1): 86-88.[3]Mo 2+ Al3+[4]Constantino. V. R. L., Pinnavaia, T. J., Basic properties of Mg2+l-x Ai3+x layered double hydroxides intercalated by carbonate. hydroxide, chloride, and sulfate anions, Inorg. Chem., 1995, 34(4): 883-892.[5]Albiston, L., Frankin, K. R., Lee, E. et al., Rheology and microstructure of aqueous layered double hydroxide dispersions, J. Mater. Chem., 1996, 6(5): 871-877.[6]Abend, S., Bonnke, N., Gutschner, U. et al., Stabilization of emulsions by heterocoagulation of clay minerals and layered double hydroxides, Colloid Polym. Sci., 1998, 276(8): 730-737.[7]Heckroodt, R. O., Ryan, W., Clay suspensions with negative thixotropy, Trans. J. Brit. Ceram. Sci., 1978, 77(2): 180- 183.[8]Chen Zongqi, Yu Wanglin, Hao Ce et al., The rheological properties of SiO2 suspension and PHPA system, Acta Chimica Sinica, 1990, 48(7): 666-72.[9]Benna, M., Kbir-Ariguib, N., Magnin, A. et al., Effect of pH on rheological properties of purified sodium bentonite suspensions, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 1999, 218(4): 442-445.[10]Sohm, R., Tadros, T. F., Viscoelastic Properties of sodium montmorillonite (Gelwhite H) suspensions, J. Colloid Interface Sci.. 1989, 132(1): 62-71.[11]Torrance, K. J., Pirmat, M., Effect of pH on the rheology of marine clay from the site of the south Nation River, Clays Clay Miner, 1984, 32(5): 384-390.[12]Heath, D., Tadros, T. F., Influence of pH, electrolyte, and poly (vinyl alcohol) addition on the rheological characteristics of aqueous dispersions of sodium montmorillonite, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 1983, 93(2): 307-319.

  12. The association between inhaled corticosteroid and pneumonia in COPD patients: the improvement of patients’ life quality with COPD in Taiwan (IMPACT study

    Wang CY


    Full Text Available Cheng-Yi Wang,1,2 Chih-Cheng Lai,3 Wei-Chih Yang,4 Chia-Chieh Lin,1,2 Likwang Chen,4 Hao-Chien Wang,5 Chong-Jen Yu5 On behalf of the Taiwan Clinical Trial Consortium for Respiratory Diseases (TCORE 1Department of Internal Medicine, 2Medical Research Center, Cardinal Tien Hospital, Fu Jen Catholic University College of Medicine, New Taipei City, 3Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Chi Mei Medical Center, Liouying, 4Institute of Population Health Sciences, National Health Research Institutes, Zhunan, 5Department of Internal Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University, College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan Abstract: To investigate the association between inhaled corticosteroid (ICS exposure patterns and the risk of pneumonia in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD patients, we performed a nested case-control study. Between 1998 and 2010, 51,739 patients, including 19,838 cases of pneumonia, were matched to 74,849 control subjects selected from a cohort of COPD patients using ICSs via risk-set sampling of the database constructed by the National Health Research Institutes of Taiwan. After adjusting for covariates, the current use of ICSs was associated with a 25% increase in the risk of pneumonia (odds ratio [OR] =1.25, 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.20–1.30, and there was an increase in the OR with increase in the average daily dosage. Additionally, users of fluticasone/salmeterol, fluticasone, and either fluticasone/salmeterol or fluticasone were more likely to be at a higher risk of pneumonia (OR =1.35, 95% CI =1.28–1.41; OR =1.22, 95% CI =1.10–1.35; and OR =1.33, 95% CI =1.27–1.39, respectively. In contrast, there were no statistically significant associations between the risk of pneumonia and the use of budesonide/formoterol, budesonide, or either budesonide/formoterol or budesonide. In conclusion, ICSs are significantly associated with an increased risk of pneumonia in COPD patients

  13. A novel pulsed drug-delivery system: polyelectrolyte layer-by-layer coating of chitosan–alginate microgels

    Zhou GC


    Full Text Available Guichen Zhou,1,2,* Ying Lu,1,* He Zhang,1,* Yan Chen,1 Yuan Yu,1 Jing Gao,1 Duxin Sun,3 Guoqing Zhang,2 Hao Zou,1 Yanqiang Zhong1 1Department of Pharmaceutical Science, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; 2Department of Pharmacy, East Hospital of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Shanghai, People's Republic of China; 3Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA*These authors contributed equally to this workPurpose: The aim of this report was to introduce a novel “core-membrane” microgel drug-delivery device for spontaneously pulsed release without any external trigger.Methods: The microgel core was prepared with alginate and chitosan. The semipermeable membrane outside the microgel was made of polyelectrolytes including polycation poly(allylamine hydrochloride and sodium polystyrene sulfonate. The drug release of this novel system was governed by the swelling pressure of the core and the rupture of the outer membrane.Results: The size of the core-membrane microgel drug-delivery device was 452.90 ± 2.71 µm. The surface charge depended on the layer-by-layer coating of polyelectrolytes, with zeta potential of 38.6 ± 1.4 mV. The confocal microscope exhibited the layer-by-layer outer membrane and inner core. The in vitro release profile showed that the content release remained low during the first 2.67 hours. After this lag time, the cumulative release increased to 80% in the next 0.95 hours, which suggested a pulsed drug release. The in vivo drug release in mice showed that the outer membrane was ruptured at approximately 3 to 4 hours, as drug was explosively released.Conclusion: These data suggest that the encapsulated substance in the core-membrane microgel delivery device can achieve a massive drug release after outer membrane rupture. This device was an effective system for pulsed drug delivery.Keywords: polyelectrolyte, chitosan–alginate, microgels, layer-by-layer, pulsed

  14. Electrospun silk fibroin/poly(lactide-co-ε-caprolactone nanofibrous scaffolds for bone regeneration

    Wang Z


    Full Text Available Zi Wang,1,* Ming Lin,1,* Qing Xie,1 Hao Sun,1 Yazhuo Huang,1 DanDan Zhang,1 Zhang Yu,1 Xiaoping Bi,1 Junzhao Chen,1 Jing Wang,2 Wodong Shi,1 Ping Gu,1 Xianqun Fan1 1Department of Ophthalmology, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 2Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering Laboratory, College of Chemistry & Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology, Donghua University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Background: Tissue engineering has become a promising therapeutic approach for bone regeneration. Nanofibrous scaffolds have attracted great interest mainly due to their structural similarity to natural extracellular matrix (ECM. Poly(lactide-co-ε-caprolactone (PLCL has been successfully used in bone regeneration, but PLCL polymers are inert and lack natural cell recognition sites, and the surface of PLCL scaffold is hydrophobic. Silk fibroin (SF is a kind of natural polymer with inherent bioactivity, and supports mesenchymal stem cell attachment, osteogenesis, and ECM deposition. Therefore, we fabricated hybrid nanofibrous scaffolds by adding different weight ratios of SF to PLCL in order to find a scaffold with improved properties for bone regeneration.Methods: Hybrid nanofibrous scaffolds were fabricated by blending different weight ratios of SF with PLCL. Human adipose-derived stem cells (hADSCs were seeded on SF/PLCL nanofibrous scaffolds of various ratios for a systematic evaluation of cell adhesion, proliferation, cytotoxicity, and osteogenic differentiation; the efficacy of the composite of hADSCs and scaffolds in repairing critical-sized calvarial defects in rats was investigated.Results: The SF/PLCL (50/50 scaffold exhibited favorable tensile strength, surface roughness, and hydrophilicity, which facilitated cell adhesion and proliferation. Moreover, the SF/PLCL (50/50 scaffold promoted the osteogenic differentiation of hADSCs by elevating the

  15. Impact of lymphovascular invasion on recurrence and progression rates in patients with pT1 urothelial carcinoma of bladder after transurethral resection

    Sha N


    Full Text Available Nan Sha,* Linguo Xie,* Tao Chen,* Chen Xing, Xiaoteng Liu, Yu Zhang, Zhonghua Shen, Hao Xu, Zhouliang Wu, Hailong Hu, Changli Wu Department of Urology, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Urology, Tianjin Institute of Urology, Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Objective: To evaluate the clinical significance of lymphovascular invasion (LVI on recurrence and progression rates in patients with pT1 urothelial carcinoma of bladder after transurethral resection.Methods: This retrospective study was performed with 155 patients with newly diagnosed pT1 urothelial carcinoma of bladder who were treated with transurethral resection of bladder tumor at our institution from January 2006 to January 2010. The presence or absence of LVI was examined by pathologists. Chi-square test was performed to identify the correlations between LVI and other clinical and pathological features. Kaplan–Meier method was used to estimate the recurrence-free survival (RFS and progression-free survival curves and difference was determined by the log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the predictive factors through a Cox proportional hazards analysis model.Results: LVI was detected in a total of 34 patients (21.9%. While LVI was associated with high-grade tumors (P<0.001 and intravesical therapy (P=0.009. Correlations with age (P=0.227, sex (P=0.376, tumor size (P=0.969, tumor multiplicity (P=0.196, carcinoma in situ (P=0.321, and smoking (P=0.438 were not statistically significant. There was a statistically significant tendency toward higher recurrence rate and shorter RFS time in LVI-positive patients. However, no statistically significant differences were observed in progression rate between the two groups. Moreover, multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that LVI, tumor size, and smoking were independent prognostic predictors of

  16. Association between MDM2 SNP309 T>G polymorphism and the risk of bladder cancer: new data in a Chinese population and an updated meta-analysis

    Xie LG


    Full Text Available Linguo Xie,1,2,* Yan Sun,2,* Tao Chen,1,2,* Dawei Tian,1,2 Yujuan Li,3 Yu Zhang,1,2 Na Ding,2 Zhonghua Shen,1,2 Hao Xu,1,2 Xuewu Nian,4 Nan Sha,1,2 Ruifa Han,1,2 Hailong Hu,1,2 Changli Wu1,2 Objective: Human murine double minute 2 protein (MDM2 is mainly a negative regulator of p53 tumor suppressor pathway. We aimed to investigate the association between MDM2 SNP309 polymorphism and bladder cancer risk. Methods: A total of 535 bladder cancer patients and 649 health controls were recruited for our study. MDM2 SNP309 T>G polymorphism was genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-ligase detection reaction method. Logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between the genotype and susceptibility of bladder cancer. Kaplan–Meier estimates and log-rank test were obtained to analyze the association between the genotype and risk of recrudesce in nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer patients. A multivariable Cox proportional hazards model was fitted to identify independent prognostic factors. To further investigate the association, we conducted a meta-analysis including six studies. Results: The frequency of the MDM2 SNP309 T>G polymorphism showed no significant difference between cases and controls (all P>0.05. In the stratification analysis, the results showed that G allele carriers were prone to have a significant decrease in risk of low-grade bladder cancer (adjusted odds ratio: 0.613, 95% confidence interval: 0.427–0.881, and G variant was associated with a significantly reduced risk of recurrence in nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer patients with or without chemotherapy (P<0.05. The results of the meta-analysis showed that G allele and GG genotype of MDM2 SNP309 polymorphism were significantly associated with increased risk of bladder cancer in Caucasians (both P<0.05, and no association was observed in total populations and Asians (P>0.05. Conclusion: MDM2 SNP309 T>G polymorphism has no influence on bladder cancer risk in Asians, but

  17. A 5-fluorouracil-loaded floating gastroretentive hollow microsphere: development, pharmacokinetic in rabbits, and biodistribution in tumor-bearing mice

    Huang Y


    Full Text Available Yu Huang,1,* Yumeng Wei,1,* Hongru Yang,2 Chao Pi,1 Hao Liu,1 Yun Ye,1,3 Ling Zhao1 1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Sichuan Medical University, 2Department of Oncology, 3Department of Pharmacy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sichuan Medical University, Luzhou, People’s Republic of China *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU was loaded in hollow microspheres to improve its oral bioavailability. 5-FU hollow microspheres were developed by a solvent diffusion–evaporation method. The effect of Span 80 concentration, ether/ethanol volume ratio, and polyvinyl pyrrolidone/ethyl cellulose weight ratio on physicochemical characteristics, floating, and in vitro release behaviors of 5-FU hollow microspheres was investigated and optimized. The formulation and technology composed of Span 80 (1.5%, w/v, ether/ethanol (1.0:10.0, v/v, and polyvinyl pyrrolidone/ethyl cellulose (1.0:10.0, w/w were employed to develop three batch samples, which showed an excellent reproducibility. The microspheres were spherical with a hollow structure with high drug loading amount (28.4%±0.5% and production yield (74.2%±0.6%; they exhibited excellent floating and sustained release characteristics in simulated gastric and intestinal fluid. Pharmacokinetic studies demonstrated that 5-FU hollow microspheres significantly enhanced oral bioavailability (area under curve, [AUC](0-t: 12.53±1.65 mg/L*h vs 7.80±0.83 and 5.82±0.83 mg/L*h with longer elimination half-life (t1/2 (15.43±2.12 hours vs 2.25±0.22 and 1.43±0.18 hours and mean residence time (7.65±0.97 hours vs 3.61±0.41 and 2.34±0.35 hours, in comparison with its solid microspheres and powder. In vivo distribution results from tumor-bearing nude mice demonstrated that the animals administered with 5-FU hollow microspheres had much higher drug content in tumor, plasma, and stomach at 1 and 8 hours except for 0.5 hours sample collection time

  18. DMPD: Toll-like receptor 9 in murine lupus: more friend than foe! [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Full Text Available 18241699 Toll-like receptor 9 in murine lupus: more friend than foe! Yu P, Musette P, Peng SL. Immunobiology...pus: more friend than foe! Authors Yu P, Musette P, Peng SL. Publication Immunobiology

  19. From Deng to the Demos?

    Mulvad, Andreas Møller


    -dissident strategy of change within rather than against the party-state, but their visions differ greatly. Trade unionist and 1989 protest leader Han Dongfang favors a social democratic vision based on strengthening the collective bargaining power of the Chinese working class within the market economy. In contrast......, the self-declared ‘petty bourgeois’ vision of agricultural economist Wen Tiejun advocates resisting marketization, reinvigorating traditional lifestyles, and enhancing the power of the peasantry through self-organization. I argue that both visions are in partial tension with the status quo: While Han...... of a populist counter-hegemony depends on the extent to which the gap between laborism and peasantism is overcome both organizationally and intellectually....

  20. Industrial collaborators honoured by ALICE

    Maximilien Brice


    Picture 01 : the winners gather after the ALICE Award ceremony (from left to right): Yuri Saveliev, Stanislav Burachas and Sergei Beloglovsky of North Crystals; Maximilian Metzger, CERN's secretary-general; Rang Cai of ATM; Jürgen Schukraft, ALICE spokesperson; Erich Pamminger and Daniel Gattinger of FACC; and Tiejun Wang of ATM. The ALICE collaboration has presented its second round of awards to three companies for their novel and remarkable contributions to major detector systems: Advance Technology and Materials (ATM), Fischer Advanced Composite Components (FACC) and North Crystals. The awards presented to these three leaders in advanced, modern materials were beautifully sculpted from one of the oldest materials used by mankind to manufacture tools - Mexican Obsidian