Handlingsorienteret socialforskning
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, John
Det første formål med paperet, der blev fremlagt på Dansk Sociologforeningskongres på RUC, 18-20.8. 2005, er, at (re) introducere den kritiske empowermenttradition, der især har rødder til Paulo Freires frigørende pædagogik. Empowermentprocesser defineres som processer hvorigennem underpriviliger......Det første formål med paperet, der blev fremlagt på Dansk Sociologforeningskongres på RUC, 18-20.8. 2005, er, at (re) introducere den kritiske empowermenttradition, der især har rødder til Paulo Freires frigørende pædagogik. Empowermentprocesser defineres som processer hvorigennem...
Weiss, I.
2007-01-01
The thesis introduces the new concept of dendroidal set. Dendroidal sets are a generalization of simplicial sets that are particularly suited to the study of operads in the context of homotopy theory. The relation between operads and dendroidal sets is established via the dendroidal nerve functor wh
Constructive Sets in Computable Sets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
傅育熙
1997-01-01
The original interpretation of the constructive set theory CZF in Martin-Loef's type theory uses the‘extensional identity types’.It is generally believed that these‘types’do not belong to type theory.In this paper it will be shown that the interpretation goes through without identity types.This paper will also show that the interpretation can be given in an intensional type theory.This reflects the computational nature of the interpretation.This computational aspect is reinforced by an ω-Set moel of CZF.
Fuzzy sets, rough sets, multisets and clustering
Dahlbom, Anders; Narukawa, Yasuo
2017-01-01
This book is dedicated to Prof. Sadaaki Miyamoto and presents cutting-edge papers in some of the areas in which he contributed. Bringing together contributions by leading researchers in the field, it concretely addresses clustering, multisets, rough sets and fuzzy sets, as well as their applications in areas such as decision-making. The book is divided in four parts, the first of which focuses on clustering and classification. The second part puts the spotlight on multisets, bags, fuzzy bags and other fuzzy extensions, while the third deals with rough sets. Rounding out the coverage, the last part explores fuzzy sets and decision-making.
Dr.Pranita Goswami
2011-01-01
The Partial Fuzzy Set is a portion of the Fuzzy Set which is again a Fuzzy Set. In the Partial Fuzzy Set the baseline is shifted from 0 to 1 to any of its α cuts . In this paper we have fuzzified a portion of the Fuzzy Set by transformation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nor Hashimah Sulaiman
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We introduce a novel concept of multiaspect soft set which is an extension of the ordinary soft set by Molodtsov. Some basic concepts, operations, and properties of the multiaspect soft sets are studied. We also define a mapping on multiaspect soft classes and investigate several properties related to the images and preimages of multiaspect soft sets.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bruno Barras
2010-01-01
Full Text Available This work is about formalizing models of various type theories of the Calculus of Constructions family. Here we focus on set theoretical models. The long-term goal is to build a formal set theoretical model of the Calculus of Inductive Constructions, so we can be sure that Coq is consistent with the language used by most mathematicians.One aspect of this work is to axiomatize several set theories: ZF possibly with inaccessible cardinals, and HF, the theory of hereditarily finite sets. On top of these theories we have developped a piece of the usual set theoretical construction of functions, ordinals and fixpoint theory. We then proved sound several models of the Calculus of Constructions, its extension with an infinite hierarchy of universes, and its extension with the inductive type of natural numbers where recursion follows the type-based termination approach.The other aspect is to try and discharge (most of these assumptions. The goal here is rather to compare the theoretical strengths of all these formalisms. As already noticed by Werner, the replacement axiom of ZF in its general form seems to require a type-theoretical axiom of choice (TTAC.
Pegden, Wesley
2011-01-01
The erosion of a set in Euclidean space by a radius r>0 is the subset of X consisting of points at distance >/-r from the complement of X. A set is resilient to erosion if it is similar to its erosion by some positive radius. We give a somewhat surprising characterization of resilient sets, consisting in one part of simple geometric constraints on convex resilient sets, and, in another, a correspondence between nonconvex resilient sets and scale-invariant (e.g., 'exact fractal') sets.
Morozov, Albert D; Dragunov, Timothy N; Malysheva, Olga V
1999-01-01
This book deals with the visualization and exploration of invariant sets (fractals, strange attractors, resonance structures, patterns etc.) for various kinds of nonlinear dynamical systems. The authors have created a special Windows 95 application called WInSet, which allows one to visualize the invariant sets. A WInSet installation disk is enclosed with the book.The book consists of two parts. Part I contains a description of WInSet and a list of the built-in invariant sets which can be plotted using the program. This part is intended for a wide audience with interests ranging from dynamical
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The VSAC provides downloadable access to all official versions of vocabulary value sets contained in the 2014 Clinical Quality Measures (CQMs). Each value set...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This set expands the topics included in Set 1 and includes (in addition to landslides) rockfalls, rock avalanches, mud flows, debris flows, slumps, creep, and...
Department of Transportation — The Altimeter Setting Indicator (ASI) is an aneroid system used at airports to provide an altimeter setting for aircraft altimeters. This indicator may be an analog...
Settings for Suicide Prevention
... out more about suicide prevention in particular settings. American Indian/Alaska Native Settings Behavioral Health Care Inpatient Mental Health Outpatient Mental Health Substance Abuse Treatment Colleges and Universities Communities Crisis Centers/ ...
Suppes, Patrick
1972-01-01
This clear and well-developed approach to axiomatic set theory is geared toward upper-level undergraduates and graduate students. It examines the basic paradoxes and history of set theory and advanced topics such as relations and functions, equipollence, finite sets and cardinal numbers, rational and real numbers, and other subjects. 1960 edition.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rodríguez, J. Tinguaro; Franco de los Ríos, Camilo; Gómez, Daniel
2015-01-01
In this paper we want to stress the relevance of paired fuzzy sets, as already proposed in previous works of the authors, as a family of fuzzy sets that offers a unifying view for different models based upon the opposition of two fuzzy sets, simply allowing the existence of different types...
Baker, Mark; Beltran, Jane; Buell, Jason; Conrey, Brian; Davis, Tom; Donaldson, Brianna; Detorre-Ozeki, Jeanne; Dibble, Leila; Freeman, Tom; Hammie, Robert; Montgomery, Julie; Pickford, Avery; Wong, Justine
2013-01-01
Sets in the game "Set" are lines in a certain four-dimensional space. Here we introduce planes into the game, leading to interesting mathematical questions, some of which we solve, and to a wonderful variation on the game "Set," in which every tableau of nine cards must contain at least one configuration for a player to pick up.
Said Broumi; Florentin Smarandache; Mamoni Dhar
2013-01-01
Both neutrosophic sets theory and rough sets theory are emerging as powerful tool for managing uncertainty, indeterminate, incomplete and imprecise information. In this paper we develop an hybrid structure called rough neutrosophic sets and studied their properties.
Baker, Mark; Beltran, Jane; Buell, Jason; Conrey, Brian; Davis, Tom; Donaldson, Brianna; Detorre-Ozeki, Jeanne; Dibble, Leila; Freeman, Tom; Hammie, Robert; Montgomery, Julie; Pickford, Avery; Wong, Justine
2013-01-01
Sets in the game "Set" are lines in a certain four-dimensional space. Here we introduce planes into the game, leading to interesting mathematical questions, some of which we solve, and to a wonderful variation on the game "Set," in which every tableau of nine cards must contain at least one configuration for a player to pick up.
Enderton, Herbert B
1977-01-01
This is an introductory undergraduate textbook in set theory. In mathematics these days, essentially everything is a set. Some knowledge of set theory is necessary part of the background everyone needs for further study of mathematics. It is also possible to study set theory for its own interest--it is a subject with intruiging results anout simple objects. This book starts with material that nobody can do without. There is no end to what can be learned of set theory, but here is a beginning.
Sets avoiding integral distances
Kurz, Sascha
2012-01-01
We study open point sets in Euclidean spaces $\\mathbb{R}^d$ without a pair of points an integral distance apart. By a result of Furstenberg, Katznelson, and Weiss such sets must be of Lebesgue upper density zero. We are interested in how large such sets can be in $d$-dimensional volume. We determine the lower and upper bounds for the volumes of the sets in terms of the number of their connected components and dimension, and also give some exact values. Our problem can be viewed as a kind of inverse to known problems on sets with pairwise rational or integral distances.
Generalization Rough Set Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XIAO Di; ZHANG Jun-feng; HU Shou-song
2008-01-01
In order to avoid the discretization in the classical rough set theory, a generlization rough set theory is proposed.At first, the degree of general importance of an attribute and attribute subsets are presented.Then, depending on the degree of general importance of attribute, the space distance can be measured with weighted method.At last, a generalization rough set theory based on the general near neighborhood relation is proposed.The proposed theory partitions the universe into the tolerant modules, and forms lower approximation and upper approximation of the set under general near neighborhood relationship, which avoids the discretization in Pawlak's rough set theory.
Teutsch, J
2007-01-01
It is possible to enumerate all computer programs. In particular, for every partial computable function, there is a shortest program which computes that function. f-MIN is the set of indices for shortest programs. In 1972, Meyer showed that f-MIN is Turing equivalent to 0'', the halting set with halting set oracle. This paper generalizes the notion of shortest programs, and we use various measures from computability theory to describe the complexity of the resulting "spectral sets." We show that under certain Godel numberings, the spectral sets are exactly the canonical sets 0', 0'', 0''', ... up to Turing equivalence. This is probably not true in general, however we show that spectral sets always contain some useful information. We show that immunity, or "thinness" is a useful characteristic for distinguishing between spectral sets. In the final chapter, we construct a set which neither contains nor is disjoint from any infinite arithmetic set, yet it is 0-majorized and contains a natural spectral set. Thus ...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LiMin
2003-01-01
All mineral mining in China now has a set road to follow, and straying off its path will attract severe penalties. The country's first-round programs for provincial mineral resources exploitation took effect in mid-January, setting output goals and designating mining regions.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Peter Reinhard; Lunde, Asger; Nason, James M.
The paper introduces the model confidence set (MCS) and applies it to the selection of models. A MCS is a set of models that is constructed such that it will contain the best model with a given level of confidence. The MCS is in this sense analogous to a confidence interval for a parameter. The M...
Moschovakis, YN
1987-01-01
Now available in paperback, this monograph is a self-contained exposition of the main results and methods of descriptive set theory. It develops all the necessary background material from logic and recursion theory, and treats both classical descriptive set theory and the effective theory developed by logicians.
Economic communication model set
Zvereva, Olga M.; Berg, Dmitry B.
2017-06-01
This paper details findings from the research work targeted at economic communications investigation with agent-based models usage. The agent-based model set was engineered to simulate economic communications. Money in the form of internal and external currencies was introduced into the models to support exchanges in communications. Every model, being based on the general concept, has its own peculiarities in algorithm and input data set since it was engineered to solve the specific problem. Several and different origin data sets were used in experiments: theoretic sets were estimated on the basis of static Leontief's equilibrium equation and the real set was constructed on the basis of statistical data. While simulation experiments, communication process was observed in dynamics, and system macroparameters were estimated. This research approved that combination of an agent-based and mathematical model can cause a synergetic effect.
Levy, Azriel
2002-01-01
An advanced-level treatment of the basics of set theory, this text offers students a firm foundation, stopping just short of the areas employing model-theoretic methods. Geared toward upper-level undergraduate and graduate students, it consists of two parts: the first covers pure set theory, including the basic motions, order and well-foundedness, cardinal numbers, the ordinals, and the axiom of choice and some of it consequences; the second deals with applications and advanced topics such as point set topology, real spaces, Boolean algebras, and infinite combinatorics and large cardinals. An
Combinatorics of set partitions
Mansour, Toufik
2012-01-01
Focusing on a very active area of mathematical research in the last decade, Combinatorics of Set Partitions presents methods used in the combinatorics of pattern avoidance and pattern enumeration in set partitions. Designed for students and researchers in discrete mathematics, the book is a one-stop reference on the results and research activities of set partitions from 1500 A.D. to today. Each chapter gives historical perspectives and contrasts different approaches, including generating functions, kernel method, block decomposition method, generating tree, and Wilf equivalences. Methods and d
Milewski, Emil G
2012-01-01
REA's Essentials provide quick and easy access to critical information in a variety of different fields, ranging from the most basic to the most advanced. As its name implies, these concise, comprehensive study guides summarize the essentials of the field covered. Essentials are helpful when preparing for exams, doing homework and will remain a lasting reference source for students, teachers, and professionals. Set Theory includes elementary logic, sets, relations, functions, denumerable and non-denumerable sets, cardinal numbers, Cantor's theorem, axiom of choice, and order relations.
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) is a tool used by more than 90 percent of Americas health plans to measure performance on important...
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This set of slides graphically illustrates the potential danger that major earthquakes pose to school structures and to the children and adults who happen to be...
Lebesgue Sets Immeasurable Existence
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Diana Marginean Petrovai
2012-12-01
Full Text Available It is well known that the notion of measure and integral were released early enough in close connection with practical problems of measuring of geometric ﬁgures. Notion of measure was outlined in the early 20th century through H. Lebesgue’s research, founder of the modern theory of measure and integral. It was developed concurrently a technique of integration of functions. Gradually it was formed a speciﬁc area todaycalled the measure and integral theory. Essential contributions to building this theory was made by a large number of mathematicians: C. Carathodory, J. Radon, O. Nikodym, S. Bochner, J. Pettis, P. Halmos and many others. In the following we present several abstract sets, classes of sets. There exists the sets which are not Lebesgue measurable and the sets which are Lebesgue measurable but are not Borel measurable. Hence B ⊂ L ⊂ P(X.
Multicriteria identification sets method
Kamenev, G. K.
2016-11-01
A multicriteria identification and prediction method for mathematical models of simulation type in the case of several identification criteria (error functions) is proposed. The necessity of the multicriteria formulation arises, for example, when one needs to take into account errors of completely different origins (not reducible to a single characteristic) or when there is no information on the class of noise in the data to be analyzed. An identification sets method is described based on the approximation and visualization of the multidimensional graph of the identification error function and sets of suboptimal parameters. This method allows for additional advantages of the multicriteria approach, namely, the construction and visual analysis of the frontier and the effective identification set (frontier and the Pareto set for identification criteria), various representations of the sets of Pareto effective and subeffective parameter combinations, and the corresponding predictive trajectory tubes. The approximation is based on the deep holes method, which yields metric ɛ-coverings with nearly optimal properties, and on multiphase approximation methods for the Edgeworth-Pareto hull. The visualization relies on the approach of interactive decision maps. With the use of the multicriteria method, multiple-choice solutions of identification and prediction problems can be produced and justified by analyzing the stability of the optimal solution not only with respect to the parameters (robustness with respect to data) but also with respect to the chosen set of identification criteria (robustness with respect to the given collection of functionals).
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Svozil, K. [Univ. of Technology, Vienna (Austria)
1995-11-01
Inasmuch as physical theories are formalizable, set theory provides a framework for theoretical physics. Four speculations about the relevance of set theoretical modeling for physics are presented: the role of transcendental set theory (i) in chaos theory, (ii) for paradoxical decompositions of solid three-dimensional objects, (iii) in the theory of effective computability (Church-Turing thesis) related to the possible {open_quotes}solution of supertasks,{close_quotes} and (iv) for weak solutions. Several approaches to set theory and their advantages and disadvantages for physical applications are discussed: Cantorian {open_quotes}naive{close_quotes} (i.e., nonaxiomatic) set theory, contructivism, and operationalism. In the author`s opinion, an attitude, of {open_quotes}suspended attention{close_quotes} (a term borrowed from psychoanalysis) seems most promising for progress. Physical and set theoretical entities must be operationalized wherever possible. At the same time, physicists should be open to {open_quotes}bizarre{close_quotes} or {open_quotes}mindboggling{close_quotes} new formalisms, which need not be operationalizable or testable at the time of their creation, but which may successfully lead to novel fields of phenomenology and technology.
Akiyama, Shigeki; Okazaki, Ryotaro; Steiner, Wolfgang; Thuswaldner, Jörg
2010-01-01
In 1994, Martin Gardner stated a set of questions concerning the dissection of a square or an equilateral triangle in three similar parts. Meanwhile, Gardner's questions have been generalized and some of them are already solved. In the present paper, we solve more of his questions and treat them in a much more general context. Let $D\\subset \\mathbb{R}^d$ be a given set and let $f_1,...,f_k$ be injective continuous mappings. Does there exist a set $X$ such that $D = X \\cup f_1(X) \\cup ... \\cup f_k(X)$ is satisfied with a non-overlapping union? We prove that such a set $X$ exists for certain choices of $D$ and $\\{f_1,...,f_k\\}$. The solutions $X$ often turn out to be attractors of iterated function systems with condensation in the sense of Barnsley. Coming back to Gardner's setting, we use our theory to prove that an equilateral triangle can be dissected in three similar copies whose areas have ratio $1:1:a$ for $a \\ge (3+\\sqrt{5})/2$.
Bot, Radu Ioan
2008-01-01
In this paper we introduce the notion of enlargement of a positive set in SSD spaces. To a maximally positive set $A$ we associate a family of enlargements $\\E(A)$ and characterize the smallest and biggest element in this family with respect to the inclusion relation. We also emphasize the existence of a bijection between the subfamily of closed enlargements of $\\E(A)$ and the family of so-called representative functions of $A$. We show that the extremal elements of the latter family are two functions recently introduced and studied by Stephen Simons. In this way we extend to SSD spaces some former results given for monotone and maximally monotone sets in Banach spaces.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Vatrapu, Ravi; Mukkamala, Raghava Rao; Hussain, Abid
2016-01-01
Current analytical approaches in computational social science can be characterized by four dominant paradigms: text analysis (information extraction and classification), social network analysis (graph theory), social complexity analysis (complex systems science), and social simulations (cellular...... automata and agent-based modeling). However, when it comes to organizational and societal units of analysis, there exists no approach to conceptualize, model, analyze, explain, and predict social media interactions as individuals' associations with ideas, values, identities, and so on. To address...... this limitation, based on the sociology of associations and the mathematics of set theory, this paper presents a new approach to big data analytics called social set analysis. Social set analysis consists of a generative framework for the philosophies of computational social science, theory of social data...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Flesch, Benjamin; Vatrapu, Ravi; Mukkamala, Raghava Rao
2015-01-01
in relation to the garment factory accidents in Bangladesh, and analyze the results. The enterprise application domain for the dashboard is corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the targeted end-users are CSR researchers and practitioners. The design of the dashboard was based on the social set analysis...... consisted of technical testing, usability testing, and domain-specific testing with CSR students and yielded positive results. In conclusion, we discuss the new analytical- approach of social set analysis and conclude with a discussion of the benefits of set theoretical approaches based on the social......Current state-of-the-art in big social data analytics is largely limited to graph theoretical approaches such as social network analysis (SNA) informed by the social philosophical approach of relational sociology. This paper proposes and illustrates an alternate holistic approach to big social data...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Vatrapu, Ravi; Hussain, Abid; Buus Lassen, Niels
2015-01-01
of Facebook or Twitter data. However, there exist no other holistic computational social science approach beyond the relational sociology and graph theory of SNA. To address this limitation, this paper presents an alternative holistic approach to Big Social Data analytics called Social Set Analysis (SSA......This paper argues that the basic premise of Social Network Analysis (SNA) -- namely that social reality is constituted by dyadic relations and that social interactions are determined by structural properties of networks-- is neither necessary nor sufficient, for Big Social Data analytics......). Based on the sociology of associations and the mathematics of classical, fuzzy and rough set theories, this paper proposes a research program. The function of which is to design, develop and evaluate social set analytics in terms of fundamentally novel formal models, predictive methods and visual...
Revitalizing the setting approach
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bloch, Paul; Toft, Ulla; Reinbach, Helene Christine
2014-01-01
BackgroundThe concept of health promotion rests on aspirations aiming at enabling people to increase control over and improve their health. Health promotion action is facilitated in settings such as schools, homes and work places. As a contribution to the promotion of healthy lifestyles, we have.......DiscussionThe supersetting approach is a further development of the setting approach in which the significance of integrated and coordinated actions together with a participatory approach are emphasised and important principles are specified, all of which contribute to the attainment of synergistic effects and sustainable.......SummaryThe supersetting approach is a relevant and useful conceptual framework for developing intervention-based initiatives for sustainable impact in community health promotion. It strives to attain synergistic effects from activities that are carried out in multiple settings in a coordinated manner. The supersetting...
Anderson, Ian
2011-01-01
Coherent treatment provides comprehensive view of basic methods and results of the combinatorial study of finite set systems. The Clements-Lindstrom extension of the Kruskal-Katona theorem to multisets is explored, as is the Greene-Kleitman result concerning k-saturated chain partitions of general partially ordered sets. Connections with Dilworth's theorem, the marriage problem, and probability are also discussed. Each chapter ends with a helpful series of exercises and outline solutions appear at the end. ""An excellent text for a topics course in discrete mathematics."" - Bulletin of the Ame
Stoll, Robert R
1979-01-01
Set Theory and Logic is the result of a course of lectures for advanced undergraduates, developed at Oberlin College for the purpose of introducing students to the conceptual foundations of mathematics. Mathematics, specifically the real number system, is approached as a unity whose operations can be logically ordered through axioms. One of the most complex and essential of modern mathematical innovations, the theory of sets (crucial to quantum mechanics and other sciences), is introduced in a most careful concept manner, aiming for the maximum in clarity and stimulation for further study in
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Décio Krause
2002-11-01
Full Text Available Quasi-set theory was developed to deal with collections of indistinguishable objects. In standard mathematics, there are no such kind of entities, for indistinguishability (agreement with respect to all properties entails numerical identity. The main motivation underlying such a theory is of course quantum physics, for collections of indistinguishable (’identical’ in the physicists’ jargon particles cannot be regarded as ’sets’ of standard set theories, which are collections of distinguishable objects. In this paper, a rationale for the development of such a theory is presented, motivated by Heinz Post’s claim that indistinguishability ofquantum entities should be attributed ’right at the start’.
Nonmeasurable sets and functions
Kharazishvili, Alexander
2004-01-01
The book is devoted to various constructions of sets which are nonmeasurable with respect to invariant (more generally, quasi-invariant) measures. Our starting point is the classical Vitali theorem stating the existence of subsets of the real line which are not measurable in the Lebesgue sense. This theorem stimulated the development of the following interesting topics in mathematics:1. Paradoxical decompositions of sets in finite-dimensional Euclidean spaces;2. The theory of non-real-valued-measurable cardinals;3. The theory of invariant (quasi-invariant)extensions of invariant (quasi-invaria
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Weizhi Wu
2006-01-01
In this paper,the concept of a random rough set which includes the mechanisms of numeric and non-numeric aspects of uncertain knowledge is introduced. It is proved that for any belief structure and its inducing belief and plausibility measures there exists a random approximation space such that the associated lower and upper probabilities are respectively the given belief and plausibility measures, and vice versa. And for a random approximation space generated from a totally random set, its inducing lower and upper probabilities are respectively a pair of necessity and possibility measures.
Setting Environmental Standards
Fishbein, Gershon
1975-01-01
Recent court decisions have pointed out the complexities involved in setting environmental standards. Environmental health is composed of multiple causative agents, most of which work over long periods of time. This makes the cause-and-effect relationship between health statistics and environmental contaminant exposures difficult to prove in…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
曹悦
2008-01-01
This article is to help students to notice that academic writing is the essential part of university study and setting,audience,purpose and also discourse community and its expectations are all its concerns.Through academic writing,students may begin to learn how to make sense in their particular field of study.
CERN audiovisual service
2009-01-01
The SET-Routes programme, launched in 2007 with the goal of attracting girls and young women to careers in science, came to an end in April this year. The result of a collaboration between EMBL, EMBO and CERN, the programme established a network of "ambassadors", women scientists who went out to talk about their careers in science at schools and universities across Europe.
Greenslade, Thomas B., Jr.
2014-01-01
In past issues of this journal, the late H. R. Crane wrote a long series of articles under the running title of "How Things Work." In them, Dick dealt with many questions that physics teachers asked themselves, but did not have the time to answer. This article is my attempt to work through the physics of the crystal set, which I thought…
Marietta Schupp, EMBL Photolab
2008-01-01
Dr Sabine Hentze, specialist in human genetics, giving an Insight Lecture entitled "Human Genetics – Diagnostics, Indications and Ethical Issues" on 23 September 2008 at EMBL Heidelberg. Activities in a achool in Budapest during a visit of Angela Bekesi, Ambassadors for the SET-Routes programme.
Therapists in Oncology Settings
Hendrick, Susan S.
2013-01-01
This article describes the author's experiences of working with cancer patients/survivors both individually and in support groups for many years, across several settings. It also documents current best-practice guidelines for the psychosocial treatment of cancer patients/survivors and their families. The author's view of the important qualities…
R.P. Faber (Riemer)
2010-01-01
textabstractThis thesis studies price data and tries to unravel the underlying economic processes of why firms have chosen these prices. It focuses on three aspects of price setting. First, it studies whether the existence of a suggested price has a coordinating effect on the prices of firms. Second
Curran, Katie; Reivich, Karen
2011-01-01
The science behind the mechanisms and mediators that lead to successful goal accomplishment has been a focus of research since the 1970s. When an individual desires to make a change or accomplish an outcome, research shows that he or she will be more successful if he or she attends to a number of variables that are key in goal setting.…
Palmer, T N
2016-01-01
Invariant Set Theory (IST) is a realistic, locally causal theory of fundamental physics which assumes a much stronger synergy between cosmology and quantum physics than exists in contemporary theory. In IST the (quasi-cyclic) universe $U$ is treated as a deterministic dynamical system evolving precisely on a measure-zero fractal invariant subset $I_U$ of its state space. In this approach, the geometry of $I_U$, and not a set of differential evolution equations in space-time $\\mathcal M_U$, provides the most primitive description of the laws of physics. As such, IST is non-classical. The geometry of $I_U$ is based on Cantor sets of space-time trajectories in state space, homeomorphic to the algebraic set of $p$-adic integers, for large but finite $p$. In IST, the non-commutativity of position and momentum observables arises from number theory - in particular the non-commensurateness of $\\phi$ and $\\cos \\phi$. The complex Hilbert Space and the relativistic Dirac Equation respectively are shown to describe $I_U$...
Greenslade, Thomas B., Jr.
2014-01-01
In past issues of this journal, the late H. R. Crane wrote a long series of articles under the running title of "How Things Work." In them, Dick dealt with many questions that physics teachers asked themselves, but did not have the time to answer. This article is my attempt to work through the physics of the crystal set, which I thought…
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Flesch, Benjamin; Hussain, Abid; Vatrapu, Ravi
2015-01-01
application domain for the dashboard is Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and the targeted end-users are CSR researchers and practitioners. The design of the dashboard was based on the "social set analytics" approach to computational social science. The development of the dash-board involved cutting......This paper presents a state-of-the art visual analytics dash-board, Social Set Visualizer (SoSeVi), of approximately 90 million Facebook actions from 11 different companies that have been mentioned in the traditional media in relation to garment factory accidents in Bangladesh. The enterprise......-edge open source visual analytics libraries from D3.js and creation of new visualizations (ac-tor mobility across time, conversational comets etc). Evaluation of the dashboard consisting of technical testing, usability testing, and domain-specific testing with CSR students and yielded positive results....
Revitalizing the setting approach
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bloch, Paul; Toft, Ulla; Reinbach, Helene Christine
2014-01-01
¿s everyday life. The supersetting approach argues for optimised effectiveness of health promotion action through integrated efforts and long-lasting partnerships involving a diverse range of actors in public institutions, private enterprises, non-governmental organisations and civil society......BackgroundThe concept of health promotion rests on aspirations aiming at enabling people to increase control over and improve their health. Health promotion action is facilitated in settings such as schools, homes and work places. As a contribution to the promotion of healthy lifestyles, we have.......DiscussionThe supersetting approach is a further development of the setting approach in which the significance of integrated and coordinated actions together with a participatory approach are emphasised and important principles are specified, all of which contribute to the attainment of synergistic effects and sustainable...
Cortês, Marina
2013-01-01
We propose an approach to quantum theory based on the energetic causal sets, introduced in Cort\\^{e}s and Smolin (2013). Fundamental processes are causal sets whose events carry momentum and energy, which are transmitted along causal links and conserved at each event. Fundamentally there are amplitudes for such causal processes, but no space-time. An embedding of the causal processes in an emergent space-time arises only at the semiclassical level. Hence, fundamentally there are no commutation relations, no uncertainty principle and, indeed, no hbar. All that remains of quantum theory is the relationship between the absolute value squared of complex amplitudes and probabilities. Consequently, we find that neither locality, nor non locality, are primary concepts, only causality exists at the fundamental level.
Xu, Zeshui
2014-01-01
This book provides the readers with a thorough and systematic introduction to hesitant fuzzy theory. It presents the most recent research results and advanced methods in the field. These includes: hesitant fuzzy aggregation techniques, hesitant fuzzy preference relations, hesitant fuzzy measures, hesitant fuzzy clustering algorithms and hesitant fuzzy multi-attribute decision making methods. Since its introduction by Torra and Narukawa in 2009, hesitant fuzzy sets have become more and more popular and have been used for a wide range of applications, from decision-making problems to cluster analysis, from medical diagnosis to personnel appraisal and information retrieval. This book offers a comprehensive report on the state-of-the-art in hesitant fuzzy sets theory and applications, aiming at becoming a reference guide for both researchers and practitioners in the area of fuzzy mathematics and other applied research fields (e.g. operations research, information science, management science and engineering) chara...
Setting goals in psychotherapy
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Emiliussen, Jakob; Wagoner, Brady
2013-01-01
The present study is concerned with the ethical dilemmas of setting goals in therapy. The main questions that it aims to answer are: who is to set the goals for therapy and who is to decide when they have been reached? The study is based on four semi-‐structured, phenomenological interviews...... with psychologists, which were analyzed using the framework of the Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA), with minor changes to the procedure of categorization. Using Harré’s (2002, 2012) Positioning Theory, it is shown that determining goals and deciding if they have been reached are processes...... that are based on asymmetric collaboration between the therapist and the client. Determining goals and deciding when they are reached are not “sterile” procedures, as both the client and the therapist might have different agendas when working therapeutically. The psychologists that participated in this study...
Kent, A
1996-01-01
In the consistent histories formulation of quantum theory, the probabilistic predictions and retrodictions made from observed data depend on the choice of a consistent set. We show that this freedom allows the formalism to retrodict several contradictory propositions which correspond to orthogonal commuting projections and which all have probability one. We also show that the formalism makes contradictory probability one predictions when applied to generalised time-symmetric quantum mechanics.
Herschberg, I. S.; Mebius, J. E.
1989-08-01
The Sappho epigram mentioned in the title is shown to contain implicit astronomical information, which must have contributed to the expressiveness of Sappho's short poem to contemporary audiences. Astronomical computations are given to discover the earliest and the latest time of year for which the Pleiads set at midnight while being visible earlier in the evening, taking into account the atmospheric refraction. The time of year for which Sappho's poem is valid is concluded to run from 17 Jan. to 29 Mar.
Falzone, E; Pasquier, P; Hoffmann, C; Barbier, O; Boutonnet, M; Salvadori, A; Jarrassier, A; Renner, J; Malgras, B; Mérat, S
2017-02-01
Triage, a medical term derived from the French word "trier", is the practical process of sorting casualties to rationally allocate limited resources. In combat settings with limited medical resources and long transportation times, triage is challenging since the objectives are to avoid overcrowding medical treatment facilities while saving a maximum of soldiers and to get as many of them back into action as possible. The new face of modern warfare, asymmetric and non-conventional, has led to the integrative evolution of triage into the theatre of operations. This article defines different triage scores and algorithms currently implemented in military settings. The discrepancies associated with these military triage systems are highlighted. The assessment of combat casualty severity requires several scores and each nation adopts different systems for triage on the battlefield with the same aim of quickly identifying those combat casualties requiring lifesaving and damage control resuscitation procedures. Other areas of interest for triage in military settings are discussed, including predicting the need for massive transfusion, haemodynamic parameters and ultrasound exploration.
Setting Goals for Achievement in Physical Education Settings
Baghurst, Timothy; Tapps, Tyler; Kensinger, Weston
2015-01-01
Goal setting has been shown to improve student performance, motivation, and task completion in academic settings. Although goal setting is utilized by many education professionals to help students set realistic and proper goals, physical educators may not be using goal setting effectively. Without incorporating all three types of goals and…
Setting Goals for Achievement in Physical Education Settings
Baghurst, Timothy; Tapps, Tyler; Kensinger, Weston
2015-01-01
Goal setting has been shown to improve student performance, motivation, and task completion in academic settings. Although goal setting is utilized by many education professionals to help students set realistic and proper goals, physical educators may not be using goal setting effectively. Without incorporating all three types of goals and…
A note on rough set and non-measurable set
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2000-01-01
It is proved that rough set is equivalent to non-measurable set in measure theory. Hence, rough set is not a new concept in some sense. At the same time, we defined the measurable degree of a set by inner measure and outer measure. Its special case is the accuracy measure of rough set.
Drashkovicheva, Kh; Igoshin, V I; Katrinyak, T; Kolibiar, M
1989-01-01
This book is another publication in the recent surveys of ordered sets and lattices. The papers, which might be characterized as "reviews of reviews," are based on articles reviewed in the Referativnyibreve Zhurnal: Matematika from 1978 to 1982. For the sake of completeness, the authors also attempted to integrate information from other relevant articles from that period. The bibliography of each paper provides references to the reviews in RZhMat and Mathematical Reviews where one can seek more detailed information. Specifically excluded from consideration in this volume were such topics as al
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Avery, John Scales; Rettrup, Sten; Avery, James Emil
In theoretical physics, theoretical chemistry and engineering, one often wishes to solve partial differential equations subject to a set of boundary conditions. This gives rise to eigenvalue problems of which some solutions may be very difficult to find. For example, the problem of finding...... eigenfunctions and eigenvalues for the Hamiltonian of a many-particle system is usually so difficult that it requires approximate methods, the most common of which is expansion of the eigenfunctions in terms of basis functions that obey the boundary conditions of the problem. The computational effort needed...
Takeuti, Gaisi
1973-01-01
This text deals with three basic techniques for constructing models of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory: relative constructibility, Cohen's forcing, and Scott-Solovay's method of Boolean valued models. Our main concern will be the development of a unified theory that encompasses these techniques in one comprehensive framework. Consequently we will focus on certain funda mental and intrinsic relations between these methods of model construction. Extensive applications will not be treated here. This text is a continuation of our book, "I ntroduction to Axiomatic Set Theory," Springer-Verlag, 1971; indeed the two texts were originally planned as a single volume. The content of this volume is essentially that of a course taught by the first author at the University of Illinois in the spring of 1969. From the first author's lectures, a first draft was prepared by Klaus Gloede with the assistance of Donald Pelletier and the second author. This draft was then rcvised by the first author assisted by Hisao Tanaka. The in...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
K Gowri Navada
2004-11-01
It is shown that (1) if a good set has finitely many related components, then they are full, (2) loops correspond one-to-one to extreme points of a convex set. Some other properties of good sets are discussed.
Burgin, Mark
2010-01-01
Continuous models used in physics and other areas of mathematics applications become discrete when they are computerized, e.g., utilized for computations. Besides, computers are controlling processes in discrete spaces, such as films and television programs. At the same time, continuous models that are in the background of discrete representations use mathematical technology developed for continuous media. The most important example of such a technology is calculus, which is so useful in physics and other sciences. The main goal of this paper is to synthesize continuous features and powerful technology of the classical calculus with the discrete approach of numerical mathematics and computational physics. To do this, we further develop the theory of fuzzy continuous functions and apply this theory to functions defined on discrete sets. The main interest is the classical Intermediate Value theorem. Although the result of this theorem is completely based on continuity, utilization of a relaxed version of contin...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marco Ruffino
2001-12-01
Full Text Available In this paper I discuss the intuition behind Frege's and Russell's definitions of numbers as sets, as well as Benacerraf's criticism of it. I argue that Benacerraf's argument is not as strong as some philosophers tend to think. Moreover, I examine an alternative to the Fregean-Russellian definition of numbers proposed by Maddy, and point out some problems faced by it.Neste artigo discuto a intuição subjacente à definição de n∨meros como conjuntos proposta por Frege e Russell, assim como a crítica de Benacerraf a esta definição. Eu tento mostrar que o argumento de Benacerraf não é tão forte como alguns filósofos o tomaram. Adicionalmente, examino uma alternativa à definição de Frege e Russell proposta por Maddy, e indico algumas dificuldades encontrada pela mesma.
Soft sets combined with interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets of type-2 and rough sets
Anjan Mukherjee; Abhijit Saha
2015-01-01
Fuzzy set theory, rough set theory and soft set theory are all mathematical tools dealing with uncertainties. The concept of type-2 fuzzy sets was introduced by Zadeh in 1975 which was extended to interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets of type-2 by the authors.This paper is devoted to the discussions of the combinations of interval valued intuitionistic sets of type-2, soft sets and rough sets.Three different types of new hybrid models, namely-interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ambe Verma
2015-05-01
Full Text Available ABSTRACT India is a vast country based on agriculture and irrigation is the most important factor for agriculture. In India there are many sources provide for irrigation. Every day new technologies are emerged in the world which brings a revolutionary change in the nature of this world. day by day the energy resources used by the large population of this world are coming on the last stage This project give the idea that how the other different form of energy can be used and implemented efficiently to overcome from this problem The aim of this project is to achieve the objective of energy lasting problem which is likely to be faced over in coming decades. Energy lasting is a big problem in India. This is faced by every people who live in the country. Swing energy is the form of energy. In this paper we have represented the methodology of swing energy using for rural area of application. This paper is all about Swing Set Water Pump in which the water pump will execute with the help of a swing set of canopy type. As we need a motor to operate the water pump but in this project we use the swing in the place of motor and we use oscillatory motion of swing in the place of rotating motion of a motor. Everybody has needed the energy at an increasing rate ever since he came on the Earth. Because of this lot of energy has been exhausted and wasted. All the member are dedicated the amount of their important time to participate in multiple meetings read and research for making the content to the report. We would especially like to thanks for the efficient condition of the entire Advisory member and their experiences. This study was initial and performed within the BUDDHA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY GIDA Gorakhpur the final report represents the labour and interest of the entire member working for this project. Finally we would like to thanks to all the member of our college workshop who helped us in manufacturing of this project model.
Anaïs Schaeffer
2012-01-01
This year, the CERN Medical Service is launching a new public health campaign. Advertised by the catchphrase “Move! & Eat Better”, the particular aim of the campaign is to encourage people at CERN to take more regular exercise, of whatever kind. The CERN annual relay race is scheduled on 24 May this year. The CERN Medical Service will officially launch its “Move! & Eat Better” campaign at this popular sporting event. “We shall be on hand on the day of the race to strongly advocate regular physical activity,” explains Rachid Belkheir, one of the Medical Service doctors. "We really want to pitch our campaign and answer any questions people may have. Above all we want to set an example. So we are going to walk the same circuit as the runners to underline to people that they can easily incorporate movement into their daily routine.” An underlying concern has prompted this campaign: during their first few year...
Rough sets and near sets in medical imaging: a review.
Hassanien, Aboul Ella; Abraham, Ajith; Peters, James F; Schaefer, Gerald; Henry, Christopher
2009-11-01
This paper presents a review of the current literature on rough-set- and near-set-based approaches to solving various problems in medical imaging such as medical image segmentation, object extraction, and image classification. Rough set frameworks hybridized with other computational intelligence technologies that include neural networks, particle swarm optimization, support vector machines, and fuzzy sets are also presented. In addition, a brief introduction to near sets and near images with an application to MRI images is given. Near sets offer a generalization of traditional rough set theory and a promising approach to solving the medical image correspondence problem as well as an approach to classifying perceptual objects by means of features in solving medical imaging problems. Other generalizations of rough sets such as neighborhood systems, shadowed sets, and tolerance spaces are also briefly considered in solving a variety of medical imaging problems. Challenges to be addressed and future directions of research are identified and an extensive bibliography is also included.
Soft sets combined with interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets of type-2 and rough sets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anjan Mukherjee
2015-03-01
Full Text Available Fuzzy set theory, rough set theory and soft set theory are all mathematical tools dealing with uncertainties. The concept of type-2 fuzzy sets was introduced by Zadeh in 1975 which was extended to interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets of type-2 by the authors.This paper is devoted to the discussions of the combinations of interval valued intuitionistic sets of type-2, soft sets and rough sets.Three different types of new hybrid models, namely-interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets of type-2, soft rough interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets of type-2 and soft interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy rough sets of type-2 are proposed and their properties are derived.
A New Fuzzy Set Theory Satisfying All Classical Set Formulas
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Qing-Shi Gao; Xiao-Yu Gao; Yue Hu
2009-01-01
A new fuzzy set theory, C-fuzzy set theory, is introduced in this paper. It is a particular case of the classical set theory and satisfies all formulas of the classical set theory. To add a limitation to C-fuzzy set system, in which all fuzzy sets must be "non-uniform inclusive" to each other, then it forms a family of sub-systems, the Z-fuzzy set family. It can be proved that the Z0-fuzzy set system, one of Z-fuzzy set systems, is equivalent to Zadeh's fuzzy set system. Analysis shows that 1) Zadeh's fuzzy set system defines the relations A = B and A ∈B between two fuzzy sets A and B as "Vu e U,(u A E (u)=μB(U))" and "Au ∈ U, (μA(U) ≤μB(μ))" respectively is inappropriate, because it makes all fuzzy sets be "non-uniformly inclusive"; 2) it is also inappropriate to define two fuzzy sets' union and intersection operations as the max and rain of their grades of membership, because this prevents fuzzy set's ability to correctly reflect different kinds of fuzzy phenomenon in the natural world. Then it has to work around the problem by invent unnatural functions that are hard to understand, such as augmenting max and min for union and intersection to min{a + b, 1} and max{a + b - 1, 0}, but these functions are incorrect on inclusive case. If both pairs of definitions are used together, not only are they unnatural, but also they are still unable to cover all possible set relationships in the natural world; and 3) it is incorrect to define the set complement as 1 -μA(μ), because it can be proved that set complement cannot exist in Zadeh's fuzzy set, and it causes confusion in logic and thinking. And it is seriously mistaken to believe that logics of fuzzy sets necessarily go against classical and normal thinking, logic, and conception. The C-fuzzy set theory proposed in this paper overcomes all of the above errors and shortcomings, and more reasonably reflects fuzzy phenomenon in the natural world. It satisfies all relations, formulas, and operations of the
Data mining a kidney failure data set using Rough Sets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Prof. K Govinda Rajulu
2013-06-01
Full Text Available Kidney failure remains one of the dreaded diseases worldwide. The factors of kidney problem/failure remain to be determined. The paper gives the basic idea of rough set theory. The procedure to carry out the operation of rough set theory with lower and upper approximation sets briefly explained. Some applications of rough set theory in the field of medicine w.r.t kidney failures are initiated and some future problems pointed.
Neurobiology: Setting the Set Point for Neural Homeostasis.
Truszkowski, Torrey L S; Aizenman, Carlos D
2015-12-07
Neural homeostasis allows neural networks to maintain a dynamic range around a given set point. How this set point is determined remains unknown. New evidence shows that alterations of activity during a critical developmental period can alter the homeostatic set point, resulting in epilepsy-like activity.
Information sets from defining sets in abelian codes
Bernal, José Joaquín
2011-01-01
We describe a technique to construct a set of check positions (and hence an information set) for every abelian code solely in terms of its defining set. This generalizes that given by Imai in \\cite{Imai} in the case of binary TDC codes.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
The purpose of this survey is to present Moran sets and Moran classes which generalize the classical selfsimilar sets from the following points: ( i ) The placements of the basic sets at each step of the constructions can be arbitrary; (ii) the contraction ratios may be different at each step; and (iii) the lower limit of the contraction ratios permits zero. In this discussion we will present geometrical properties and results of dimensions of these sets and classes,and discuss conformal Moran sets and random Moran sets as well.``
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Szilvia Geyh; Alarcos Cieza; Jan Schouten; Hugh Dickson; Peter Frommelt; Zaliha Omar; Nenad Kostanjsek; Haim Ring; Gerold Stucki
2004-01-01
Objective: To report on the results of the consensus process integrating evidence from preliminary studies to develop the first version of the Comprehensive ICF Core Set and the Brief ICF Core Set for stroke. Methods...
On sets without tangents and exterior sets of a conic
Van de Voorde, Geertrui
2012-01-01
A set without tangents in $\\PG(2,q)$ is a set of points S such that no line meets S in exactly one point. An exterior set of a conic $\\mathcal{C}$ is a set of points $\\E$ such that all secant lines of $\\E$ are external lines of $\\mathcal{C}$. In this paper, we first recall some known examples of sets without tangents and describe them in terms of determined directions of an affine pointset. We show that the smallest sets without tangents in $\\PG(2,5)$ are (up to projective equivalence) of two different types. We generalise the non-trivial type by giving an explicit construction of a set without tangents in $\\PG(2,q)$, $q=p^h$, $p>2$ prime, of size $q(q-1)/2-r(q+1)/2$, for all $0\\leq r\\leq (q-5)/2$. After that, a different description of the same set in $\\PG(2,5)$, using exterior sets of a conic, is given and we investigate in which ways a set of exterior points on an external line $L$ of a conic in $\\PG(2,q)$ can be extended with an extra point $Q$ to a larger exterior set of $\\mathcal{C}$. It turns out that ...
Fuzzy Sets and Mathematical Education.
Alsina, C.; Trillas, E.
1991-01-01
Presents the concept of "Fuzzy Sets" and gives some ideas for its potential interest in mathematics education. Defines what a Fuzzy Set is, describes why we need to teach fuzziness, gives some examples of fuzzy questions, and offers some examples of activities related to fuzzy sets. (MDH)
Possibility Intuitionistic Fuzzy Soft Set
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maruah Bashir
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Possibility intuitionistic fuzzy soft set and its operations are introduced, and a few of their properties are studied. An application of possibility intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets in decision making is investigated. A similarity measure of two possibility intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets has been discussed. An application of this similarity measure in medical diagnosis has been shown.
MOTIVATION: Goals and Goal Setting
Stratton, Richard K.
2005-01-01
Goal setting has great impact on a team's performance. Goals enable a team to synchronize their efforts to achieve success. In this article, the author talks about goals and goal setting. This articles complements Domain 5--Teaching and Communication (p.14) and discusses one of the benchmarks listed therein: "Teach the goal setting process and…
Polya Theory for Orbiquotient Sets
Blandin, Hector; Diaz, Rafael
2005-01-01
Replacing the usual notion of quotient sets by the notion of orbiquotient sets we obtain a generalization of P\\'olya theory. The key ingredient of our extended theory is the definition of the orbicycle index polynomial which we compute in several examples. We apply our theory to the study of orbicycles on orbiquotient sets. Keywords: Orbifolds, P\\'olya Theory, Partition Lattice.
From Operads to Dendroidal Sets
Weiss, I.
2010-01-01
Dendroidal sets offer a formalism for the study of 1-operads akin to the formalism of 1-categories by means of simplicial sets. We present here an account of the current state of the theory while placing it in the context of the ideas that led to the conception of dendroidal sets. We briefly illustr
Johnston, Steven
2010-01-01
Causal set theory provides a model of discrete spacetime in which spacetime events are represented by elements of a causal set---a locally finite, partially ordered set in which the partial order represents the causal relationships between events. The work presented here describes a model for matter on a causal set, specifically a theory of quantum scalar fields on a causal set spacetime background. The work starts with a discrete path integral model for particles on a causal set. Here quantum mechanical amplitudes are assigned to trajectories within the causal set. By summing these over all trajectories between two spacetime events we obtain a causal set particle propagator. With a suitable choice of amplitudes this is shown to agree (in an appropriate sense) with the retarded propagator for the Klein-Gordon equation in Minkowski spacetime. This causal set propagator is then used to define a causal set analogue of the Pauli-Jordan function that appears in continuum quantum field theories. A quantum scalar fi...
Iovane, Gerardo
2007-01-01
In this work we show that the prime distribution is deterministic. Indeed the set of prime numbers P can be expressed in terms of two subsets of N using three specific selection rules, acting on two sets of prime candidates. The prime candidates are obtained in terms of the first perfect number. The asymptotic behaviour is also considered. We obtain for the first time an explicit relation for generating the full set P of prime numbers smaller than n or equal to n.
Algorithms over partially ordered sets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Baer, Robert M.; Østerby, Ole
1969-01-01
in partially ordered sets, answer the combinatorial question of how many maximal chains might exist in a partially ordered set withn elements, and we give an algorithm for enumerating all maximal chains. We give (in § 3) algorithms which decide whether a partially ordered set is a (lower or upper) semi......-lattice, and whether a lattice has distributive, modular, and Boolean properties. Finally (in § 4) we give Algol realizations of the various algorithms....
Pinter, Charles C
2014-01-01
Suitable for upper-level undergraduates, this accessible approach to set theory poses rigorous but simple arguments. Each definition is accompanied by commentary that motivates and explains new concepts. Starting with a repetition of the familiar arguments of elementary set theory, the level of abstract thinking gradually rises for a progressive increase in complexity.A historical introduction presents a brief account of the growth of set theory, with special emphasis on problems that led to the development of the various systems of axiomatic set theory. Subsequent chapters explore classes and
Statistical properties of consideration sets
Carson, RT; Louviere, JJ
2015-01-01
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. The concept of a consideration set has become a central concept in the study of consumer behavior. This paper shows that the common practice of estimating models using only the set of alternatives deemed to be in the set considered by a consumer will usually result in estimated parameters that are biased due to a sample selection effect. This effect is generic to many consideration set models and can be large in practice. To overcome this problem, models of an antecedent ...
Predicatively computable functions on sets
Arai, Toshiyasu
2012-01-01
Inspired from a joint work by A. Beckmann, S. Buss and S. Friedman, we propose a class of set-theoretic functions, predicatively computable functions. Each function in this class is polynomial time computable when we restrict to finite binary strings. Moreover a fragment of set theory is given in which \\Sigma_1-definable functions are exactly the functions in the class.
Programming services with correlation sets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Montesi, Fabrizio; Carbone, Marco
2011-01-01
Correlation sets define a powerful mechanism for routing incoming communications to the correct running session within a server, by inspecting the content of the received messages. We present a language for programming services based on correlation sets taking into account key aspects of service...
Healthcare priority setting in Kenya
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bukachi, Salome A.; Onyango-Ouma, Washington; Siso, Jared Maaka
2014-01-01
improves the priority setting decisions. This paper describes the healthcare priority setting processes in Malindi district, Kenya, prior to the implementation of A4R in 2008 and evaluates the process for its conformance with the conditions for A4R. In-depth interviews and focus group discussions with key...
Bankruptcy Prediction with Rough Sets
J.C. Bioch (Cor); V. Popova (Viara)
2001-01-01
textabstractThe bankruptcy prediction problem can be considered an or dinal classification problem. The classical theory of Rough Sets describes objects by discrete attributes, and does not take into account the order- ing of the attributes values. This paper proposes a modification of the Rough Set
Gene set analysis of the EADGENE chicken data-set
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Skarman, Axel; Jiang, Li; Hornshøj, Henrik
2009-01-01
Abstract Background: Gene set analysis is considered to be a way of improving our biological interpretation of the observed expression patterns. This paper describes different methods applied to analyse expression data from a chicken DNA microarray dataset. Results: Applying different gene set...... analyses to the chicken expression data led to different ranking of the Gene Ontology terms tested. A method for prediction of possible annotations was applied. Conclusion: Biological interpretation based on gene set analyses dependent on the statistical method used. Methods for predicting the possible...
Set-Pi: Set Membership pi-Calculus
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bruni, Alessandro; Mödersheim, Sebastian Alexander; Nielson, Flemming
2015-01-01
Communication protocols often rely on stateful mechanisms to ensure certain security properties. For example, counters and timestamps can be used to ensure authentication, or the security of communication can depend on whether a particular key is registered to a server or it has been revoked. Pro...... from Set-π into Horn clauses that employs the set-membership abstraction to capture the non-monotonicity of the state. Furthermore, we give a characterisation of authentication properties in terms of the set properties in the language, and prove the correctness of our approach. Finally we showcase our...
Wavelet Representation of Contour Sets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bertram, M; Laney, D E; Duchaineau, M A; Hansen, C D; Hamann, B; Joy, K I
2001-07-19
We present a new wavelet compression and multiresolution modeling approach for sets of contours (level sets). In contrast to previous wavelet schemes, our algorithm creates a parametrization of a scalar field induced by its contoum and compactly stores this parametrization rather than function values sampled on a regular grid. Our representation is based on hierarchical polygon meshes with subdivision connectivity whose vertices are transformed into wavelet coefficients. From this sparse set of coefficients, every set of contours can be efficiently reconstructed at multiple levels of resolution. When applying lossy compression, introducing high quantization errors, our method preserves contour topology, in contrast to compression methods applied to the corresponding field function. We provide numerical results for scalar fields defined on planar domains. Our approach generalizes to volumetric domains, time-varying contours, and level sets of vector fields.
A Normalizing Intuitionistic Set Theory with Inaccessible Sets
Moczydlowski, Wojciech
2007-01-01
We propose a set theory strong enough to interpret powerful type theories underlying proof assistants such as LEGO and also possibly Coq, which at the same time enables program extraction from constructive proofs. For this purpose, we axiomatize impredicative constructive version of Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory IZF with Replacement and \\omega-many inaccessibles, which we call IZF_{R\\omega}. Our axiomatization of IZF_{R\\omega} utilizes set terms, an inductive definition of inaccessible sets and mutually recursive nature of equality and membership relations. It allows us to define a weakly-normalizing typed lambda calculus \\lambda Z_\\omega corresponding to proofs in IZF_{R\\omega} according to the Curry-Howard isomorphism principle. We use realizability to prove the normalization theorem, which provides basis for extracting programs from IZF_{R\\omega} proofs.
Hierarchical Sets: Analyzing Pangenome Structure through Scalable Set Visualizations
Pedersen, Thomas Lin
2017-01-01
The increase in available microbial genome sequences has resulted in an increase in the size of the pangenomes being analyzed. Current pangenome visualizations are not intended for the pangenome sizes possible today and new approaches are necessary in order to convert the increase in available information to increase in knowledge. As the pangenome data structure is essentially a collection of sets we explore the potential for scalable set visualization as a tool for pangenome analysis. We pre...
PowerSet: A Comprehensive Visualization of Set Intersections.
Alsallakh, Bilal; Ren, Liu
2017-01-01
When analyzing a large amount of data, analysts often define groups over data elements that share certain properties. Using these groups as the unit of analysis not only reduces the data volume, but also allows detecting various patterns in the data. This involves analyzing intersection relations between these groups, and how the element attributes vary between these intersections. This kind of set-based analysis has various applications in a variety of domains, due to the generic and powerful notion of sets. However, visualizing intersections relations is challenging because their number grows exponentially with the number of sets. We present a novel technique based on Treemaps to provide a comprehensive overview of non-empty intersections in a set system in a scalable way. It enables gaining insight about how elements are distributed across these intersections as well as performing fine-grained analysis to explore and compare their attributes both in overview and in detail. Interaction allows querying and filtering these elements based on their set memberships. We demonstrate how our technique supports various use cases in data exploration and analysis by providing insights into set-based data, beyond the limits of state-of-the-art techniques.
Set signatures and their applications
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WU ChuanKun
2009-01-01
There are many constraints In the use of digital signatures. This paper proposes a new way of using digital signatures with some restrictions, i.e. set signatures. It works in such a way that when the signing algorithm Is given, one can use it to create a valid signature on a message if and only if the message belongs to a pre-defined set, and given the information about the signing algorithm, It is computationally Infeasible to create valid signatures on any other arbitrary messages outside of the set. This special property enables the signing algorithm to be made public, which seems to contradict with the traditional signature where a private key Is needed, which must be kept secret. What makes the problem challenging is that the signing algorithm does not reveal the secret signing key, and hence forging normal signatures for arbitrary messages is computationaUy Infeasible. In many cases, the signing algorithm does not reveal the elements in the authorized set. As an application of the new concept, set signatures for intelligent mobile agents committing "smaller than" condition Is studied, which shows the applicability of set signatures on small sets.
Independent sets in chain cacti
Sedlar, Jelena
2011-01-01
In this paper chain cacti are considered. First, for two specific classes of chain cacti (orto-chains and meta-chains of cycles with h vertices) the recurrence relation for independence polynomial is derived. That recurrence relation is then used in deriving explicit expressions for independence number and number of maximum independent sets for such chains. Also, the recurrence relation for total number of independent sets for such graphs is derived. Finaly, the proof is provided that orto-chains and meta-chains are the only extremal chain cacti with respect to total number of independent sets (orto-chains minimal and meta-chains maximal).
Convergence of Fuzzy Set Sequences
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
FENG Yu-hu
2002-01-01
There are more than one mode of convergence with respect to the fuzzy set sequences. In this paper,common six modes of convergence and their relationships are discussed. These six modes are convergence in uniform metric D, convergence in separable metric Dp or D*p, 1 ≤ p ＜∞, convergence in level set, strong convergence in level set and weak convergence. Suitable counterexamples are given. The necessary and sufficient conditions of convergence in uniform metric D are described. Some comme nts on the convergence of LRfuzzy number sequences are represented.
Fuzzy sets and autonomous navigation
Lea, Robert N.
1987-01-01
The use of fuzzy sets in modeling the human expert for certain Space Shuttle navigation problems is discussed with particular reference to onboard and ground console data monitoring tasks traditionally performed by astronauts and engineers. Specific problems include determining the quality of sensor data and of the filter state. The results obtained in this study indicate that fuzzy sets can be successfully used in modeling human reaction to rules in decision-making processes. They can also be used within software systems where guidelines have traditionally been used to set strict tolerances.
Multilayer Multidimensional Extension Set Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CAO Shao-zhong; YANG Guo-wei; TU Xu-yan
2006-01-01
In order to study the contradiction problem of multilayer multidimensional complex systems, the concepts of extension field and stable field of intersection and union of multilayer multidimensional extension set are given. Then the related operations and properties are discussed. The results of study expand the concepts of intersection and union of extension set to a general situation, and provide the theoretical basis for production of the concepts of intersection and union of multilayer multidimensional matter element system extension set. In this way, it will be possible that matter element system theory is used to creative designs of complex systems.
Physical restraint in healthcare settings.
Haidrani, Layla
2017-03-30
Essential facts In January, new guidance was drawn up for police and healthcare professionals, outlining for the first time how and when police officers should be involved in physically restraining people in healthcare settings in England and Wales.
Bayesian approach to rough set
Marwala, Tshilidzi
2007-01-01
This paper proposes an approach to training rough set models using Bayesian framework trained using Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method. The prior probabilities are constructed from the prior knowledge that good rough set models have fewer rules. Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling is conducted through sampling in the rough set granule space and Metropolis algorithm is used as an acceptance criteria. The proposed method is tested to estimate the risk of HIV given demographic data. The results obtained shows that the proposed approach is able to achieve an average accuracy of 58% with the accuracy varying up to 66%. In addition the Bayesian rough set give the probabilities of the estimated HIV status as well as the linguistic rules describing how the demographic parameters drive the risk of HIV.
Nodal sets in mathematical physics
Brüning, J.
2007-06-01
We describe the main lines of mathematical research dealing with nodal sets of eigenfunctions since the days of Chladni. We present the material in a form hopefully suited to a nonspecialized but mathematically educated audience.
IGBT accelerated aging data set.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Preliminary data from thermal overstress accelerated aging using the aging and characterization system. The data set contains aging data from 6 devices, one device...
On Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets Theory
Atanassov, Krassimir T
2012-01-01
This book aims to be a comprehensive and accurate survey of state-of-art research on intuitionistic fuzzy sets theory and could be considered a continuation and extension of the author´s previous book on Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets, published by Springer in 1999 (Atanassov, Krassimir T., Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets, Studies in Fuzziness and soft computing, ISBN 978-3-7908-1228-2, 1999). Since the aforementioned book has appeared, the research activity of the author within the area of intuitionistic fuzzy sets has been expanding into many directions. The results of the author´s most recent work covering the past 12 years as well as the newest general ideas and open problems in this field have been therefore collected in this new book.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Healthcare Settings
... Address What's this? Submit What's this? Submit Button Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Healthcare Settings Recommend on Facebook Tweet ... and/or help treat infections? What is a Pseudomonas infection? Pseudomonas infection is caused by strains of ...
Federal Laboratory Consortium — The ARDEC TPS Laboratory provides an organic Test Program Set (TPS) development, maintenance, and life cycle management capability for DoD LCMC materiel developers....
Systemic consultation and goal setting
Carr, Alan
1993-01-01
Over two decades of empirical research conducted within a positivist framework has shown that goal setting is a particularly useful method for influencing task performance in occupational and industrial contexts. The conditions under which goal setting is maximally effective are now clearly established. These include situations where there is a high level of acceptance and commitment, where goals are specific and challenging, where the task is relatively simple rather than ...
Morphological sampling of closed sets:
Christian Ronse; Mohamed Tajine
2004-01-01
We briefiy survey the standard morphological approach (Heijmans, 1994) to the sampling (or discretization) of sets. Then we summarize the main results of our metric theory of sampling (Ronse and Tajine, 2000; 2001; 2002; Tajine and Ronse, 2002), which can be used to analyse several sampling schemes, in particular the morphological one. We extend it to the sampling of closed sets (instead of compact ones), and to the case where the sampling subspace is boundedly compact (instead of boundedly f...
Philosophical introduction to set theory
Pollard, Stephen
2015-01-01
The primary mechanism for ideological and theoretical unification in modern mathematics, set theory forms an essential element of any comprehensive treatment of the philosophy of mathematics. This unique approach to set theory offers a technically informed discussion that covers a variety of philosophical issues. Rather than focusing on intuitionist and constructive alternatives to the Cantorian/Zermelian tradition, the author examines the two most important aspects of the current philosophy of mathematics, mathematical structuralism and mathematical applications of plural reference and plural
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
It is well-known that rough set theory can be applied successfully to rough classification and knowledge discovery. Our work is concerned with finding methods for using rough sets to identify classes in datasets, finding dependencies in relations and discovering rules which are hidden in databases by means of decision tables and algorithm D. We use these methods to analyze and control aspects of nuclear energy generation.
Boundary Terms for Causal Sets
Buck, Michel; Jubb, Ian; Surya, Sumati
2015-01-01
We propose a family of boundary terms for the action of a causal set with a spacelike boundary. We show that in the continuum limit one recovers the Gibbons-Hawking-York boundary term in the mean. We also calculate the continuum limit of the mean causal set action for an Alexandrov interval in flat spacetime. We find that it is equal to the volume of the codimension-2 intersection of the two light-cone boundaries of the interval.
Independent sets in chain cacti
Sedlar, Jelena
2011-01-01
In this paper chain cacti are considered. First, for two specific classes of chain cacti (orto-chains and meta-chains of cycles with h vertices) the recurrence relation for independence polynomial is derived. That recurrence relation is then used in deriving explicit expressions for independence number and number of maximum independent sets for such chains. Also, the recurrence relation for total number of independent sets for such graphs is derived. Finaly, the proof is provided that orto-ch...
Introduction to Fuzzy Set Theory
Kosko, Bart
1990-01-01
An introduction to fuzzy set theory is described. Topics covered include: neural networks and fuzzy systems; the dynamical systems approach to machine intelligence; intelligent behavior as adaptive model-free estimation; fuzziness versus probability; fuzzy sets; the entropy-subsethood theorem; adaptive fuzzy systems for backing up a truck-and-trailer; product-space clustering with differential competitive learning; and adaptive fuzzy system for target tracking.
An introduction to random sets
Nguyen, Hung T
2006-01-01
The study of random sets is a large and rapidly growing area with connections to many areas of mathematics and applications in widely varying disciplines, from economics and decision theory to biostatistics and image analysis. The drawback to such diversity is that the research reports are scattered throughout the literature, with the result that in science and engineering, and even in the statistics community, the topic is not well known and much of the enormous potential of random sets remains untapped.An Introduction to Random Sets provides a friendly but solid initiation into the theory of random sets. It builds the foundation for studying random set data, which, viewed as imprecise or incomplete observations, are ubiquitous in today''s technological society. The author, widely known for his best-selling A First Course in Fuzzy Logic text as well as his pioneering work in random sets, explores motivations, such as coarse data analysis and uncertainty analysis in intelligent systems, for studying random s...
Hierarchical Sets: Analyzing Pangenome Structure through Scalable Set Visualizations
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pedersen, Thomas Lin
2017-01-01
The increase in available microbial genome sequences has resulted in an increase in the size of the pangenomes being analyzed. Current pangenome visualizations are not intended for the pangenome sizes possible today and new approaches are necessary in order to convert the increase in available...... information to increase in knowledge. As the pangenome data structure is essentially a collection of sets we explore the potential for scalable set visualization as a tool for pangenome analysis. We present a new hierarchical clustering algorithm based on set arithmetics that optimizes the intersection sizes...... along the branches. The intersection and union sizes along the hierarchy are visualized using a composite dendrogram and icicle plot, which, in pangenome context, shows the evolution of pangenome and core size along the evolutionary hierarchy. Outlying elements, i.e. elements whose presence pattern do...
Set point control in the state space setting
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Poulsen, Niels Kjølstad
. The focus is in this report related to the problem of handling a set point or a constant reference in a state space setting. In principle just about any (state space control) design methodology may be applied. Here the presentation is based on LQ design, but other types such as poleplacement can be applied......This report is intented as a supplement or an extension to the material used in connection to or after the courses Stochastic Adaptive Control (02421) and Static and Dynamic Optimization (02711) given at the Department of Informatics and Mathematical Modelling, The Technical University of Denmark...
Raut, Santanu
2010-01-01
The formulation of a new analysis on a zero measure Cantor set $C (\\subset I=[0,1])$ is presented. A non-archimedean absolute value is introduced in $C$ exploiting the concept of {\\em relative} infinitesimals and a scale invariant ultrametric valuation of the form $\\log_{\\varepsilon^{-1}} (\\varepsilon/x) $ for a given scale $\\varepsilon>0$ and infinitesimals $0
Bose, Prosenjit; Dujmović, Vida; Howat, John
2009-01-01
The working-set bound [Sleator and Tarjan, J. ACM, 1985] roughly states that searching for an element is fast if the element was accessed recently. Binary search trees, such as splay trees, can achieve this property in the amortized sense, while data structures that are not binary search trees are known to have this property in the worst case. We close this gap and present a binary search tree called a layered working-set tree that guarantees the working-set property in the worst case. The unified bound [Badoiu et al., TCS, 2007] roughly states that searching for an element is fast if it is near (in terms of rank distance) to a recently accessed element. We show how layered working-set trees can be used to achieve the unified bound to within a small additive term in the amortized sense while maintaining in the worst case an access time that is both logarithmic and within a small multiplicative factor of the working-set bound.
Vocabulary Mining for Information Retrieval: Rough Sets and Fuzzy Sets.
Srinivasan, Padmini; Ruiz, Miguel E.; Kraft, Donald H.; Chen, Jianhua
2001-01-01
Explains vocabulary mining in information retrieval and describes a framework for vocabulary mining that allows the use of rough set-based approximations even when documents and queries are described using weighted, or fuzzy, representations. Examines coordination between multiple vocabulary views and applies the framework to the Unified Medical…
Intelligent virtual reality in the setting of fuzzy sets
Dockery, John; Littman, David
1992-01-01
The authors have previously introduced the concept of virtual reality worlds governed by artificial intelligence. Creation of an intelligent virtual reality was further proposed as a universal interface for the handicapped. This paper extends consideration of intelligent virtual realty to a context in which fuzzy set principles are explored as a major tool for implementing theory in the domain of applications to the disabled.
Submarine Escape Set Test Facilities
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G.S.N. Murthy
2009-07-01
Full Text Available Submarine Escape Set (SES is used by submariners to escape from a sunken submarine. This set caters for breathing needs of the submariner under water, until he reaches the surface. Evaluation of such life-saving equipment is of paramount importance. This paper describes the submarine escape set and various constructional features and schedules of operation of test facilities designed indegenously and which can evaluate the SES. The test facility is divided into two parts: the reducer test facility, and the breathing bag test facility. The equipment has been rigorously tested and accepted by Indian Navy. Two such test facilities have been developed, one of which is installed at INS Satavahana, Visakhapatnam, and are working satisfactorily.
Programming services with correlation sets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Montesi, Fabrizio; Carbone, Marco
2011-01-01
Correlation sets define a powerful mechanism for routing incoming communications to the correct running session within a server, by inspecting the content of the received messages. We present a language for programming services based on correlation sets taking into account key aspects of service......-oriented systems, such as distribution, loose coupling, open-endedness and integration. Distinguishing features of our approach are the notion of correlation aliases and an asynchronous communication model. Our language is equipped with formal syntax, semantics, and a typing system for ensuring desirable...... properties of programs with respect to correlation sets. We provide an implementation as an extension of the JOLIE language and apply it to a nontrivial real-world example of a fully-functional distributed user authentication system....
SITE DESIGN SETTING IN SHAREPOINT
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Oleksii V. Tebenko
2010-10-01
Full Text Available Creation and promotion of the site is one of way to implement of ICT in education. To build modern sites and large portals, to avoid the process of content creation and management tools, when new content is added, dynamic model for page building is used. The article deals with means and methods of dynamic page template in SharePoint. Purpose of the article is to analyze the key components of SharePoint for dynamic pages, such as setting and changing master pages, standard types of spaceholders master pages, setting aggregates content and consideration of standard types of SharePoint spaceholders.
SHAREPOINT SITE CREATING AND SETTING
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Oleksandr V. Tebenko
2011-02-01
Full Text Available Tools for sites building that offer users the ability to work together, an actual theme in information society and modern Web technologies. This article considers the SharePoint system, which enables to create sites of any complexity, including large portals with a complex structure of documents. Purpose of this article is to consider the main points of site creating and its setting with tools of SharePoint system, namely: a site template creating and configuring, web application environment to create and configure Web applications, change of existing and creation of new theme site, a web part setting.
Recommendation Sets and Choice Queries
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Viappiani, Paolo Renato; Boutilier, Craig
2011-01-01
Utility elicitation is an important component of many applications, such as decision support systems and recommender systems. Such systems query users about their preferences and offer recommendations based on the system's belief about the user's utility function. We analyze the connection between...... the problem of generating optimal recommendation sets and the problem of generating optimal choice queries, considering both Bayesian and regret-based elicitation. Our results show that, somewhat surprisingly, under very general circumstances, the optimal recommendation set coincides with the optimal query....
Minimal sets of Reidemeister moves
Polyak, Michael
2009-01-01
It is well known that any two diagrams representing the same oriented link are related by a finite sequence of Reidemeister moves O1, O2 and O3. Depending on orientations of fragments involved in the moves, one may distinguish 4 different versions of each of the O1 and O2 moves, and 8 versions of the O3 move. We introduce a minimal generating set of oriented Reidemeister moves, which includes two moves of types O1 and O2, and only one move of type O3. We then consider other sets of moves and show that only few of them generate all Reidemeister moves.
Fast Setting Cement - Literature Survey
1973-01-01
materials does produce early set times and high strengths . It is re- ported, also, that the addition of 1.5 percent Ca"l 2 to clinkers contain- Ing more than...produce high strength concrete. They include addition of iron asggregate, physical treatment of clinker , ’ addition of highly reactive SiO2 or Ca0, and...Fast-Fix. The Western Co. has developed materials designated as Fast-Fix with rapid setting and high strength properties. Published data show i .1
Communicable Diseases in Childhood Settings.
Networks, 1994
1994-01-01
This newsletter addresses managing the spread of communicable diseases in childhood settings as well as educational program concerns for children who are HIV infected. Noting that communicable diseases are a source of concern no matter how minor they might appear, the newsletter suggests that it is important for individuals who work with the…
Input in an Institutional Setting.
Bardovi-Harlig, Kathleen; Hartford, Beverly S.
1996-01-01
Investigates the nature of input available to learners in the institutional setting of the academic advising session. Results indicate that evidence for the realization of speech acts, positive evidence from peers and status unequals, the effect of stereotypes, and limitations of a learner's pragmatic and grammatical competence are influential…
Multiple Kernel Point Set Registration.
Nguyen, Thanh Minh; Wu, Q M Jonathan
2016-06-01
The finite Gaussian mixture model with kernel correlation is a flexible tool that has recently received attention for point set registration. While there are many algorithms for point set registration presented in the literature, an important issue arising from these studies concerns the mapping of data with nonlinear relationships and the ability to select a suitable kernel. Kernel selection is crucial for effective point set registration. We focus here on multiple kernel point set registration. We make several contributions in this paper. First, each observation is modeled using the Student's t-distribution, which is heavily tailed and more robust than the Gaussian distribution. Second, by automatically adjusting the kernel weights, the proposed method allows us to prune the ineffective kernels. This makes the choice of kernels less crucial. After parameter learning, the kernel saliencies of the irrelevant kernels go to zero. Thus, the choice of kernels is less crucial and it is easy to include other kinds of kernels. Finally, we show empirically that our model outperforms state-of-the-art methods recently proposed in the literature.
Conversational Competence in Academic Settings
Bowman, Richard F.
2014-01-01
Conversational competence is a process, not a state. Ithaca does not exist, only the voyage to Ithaca. Vibrant campuses are a series of productive conversations. At its core, communicative competence in academic settings mirrors a collective search for meaning regarding the purpose and direction of a campus community. Communicative competence…
Strong sequences and independent sets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Joanna Jureczko
2016-05-01
Full Text Available A family $\\mathcal{S} \\in \\mathcal{P}(\\omega$ is \\textit{an independent family} if for each pair $\\mathcal{A, B}$ of disjoint finite subsets of $\\mathcal{S}$ the set $\\bigcap \\mathcal{A} \\cap (\\omega \\setminus \\bigcup \\mathcal{B}$ is nonempty. The fact that there is an independent family on $\\omega$ of size continuum was proved by Fichtenholz and Kantorowicz in \\cite{FK}. If we substitute $\\mathcal{P}(\\omega$ by a set $(X, r$ with arbitrary relation \\textit{r} it is natural question about existence and length of an independent set on $(X, r$. In this paper special assumptions of such existence will be considered. On the other hand in 60s' of the last century the strong sequences method was introduced by Efimov. He used it for proving some famous theorems in dyadic spaces like: Marczewski theorem on cellularity, Shanin theorem on a calibre, Esenin-Volpin theorem and others. In this paper there will be considered: length of strong sequences, the length of independent sets and other well known cardinal invariants and there will be examined inequalities among them.
Conversational Competence in Academic Settings
Bowman, Richard F.
2014-01-01
Conversational competence is a process, not a state. Ithaca does not exist, only the voyage to Ithaca. Vibrant campuses are a series of productive conversations. At its core, communicative competence in academic settings mirrors a collective search for meaning regarding the purpose and direction of a campus community. Communicative competence…
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mödersheim, Sebastian Alexander
2010-01-01
The abstraction and over-approximation of protocols and web services by a set of Horn clauses is a very successful method in practice. It has however limitations for protocols and web services that are based on databases of keys, contracts, or even access rights, where revocation is possible, so...
Guidelines for setting speed limits
CSIR Research Space (South Africa)
Wium, DJW
1986-02-01
Full Text Available A method is described for setting the speed limit for a particular road section. Several speed limits based on different criteria are described for each of nine traffic and road factors. The most appropriate speed limit for each relevant factor...
Overcoming Barriers in Unhealthy Settings
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Michael K. Lemke
2016-03-01
Full Text Available We investigated the phenomenon of sustained health-supportive behaviors among long-haul commercial truck drivers, who belong to an occupational segment with extreme health disparities. With a focus on setting-level factors, this study sought to discover ways in which individuals exhibit resiliency while immersed in endemically obesogenic environments, as well as understand setting-level barriers to engaging in health-supportive behaviors. Using a transcendental phenomenological research design, 12 long-haul truck drivers who met screening criteria were selected using purposeful maximum sampling. Seven broad themes were identified: access to health resources, barriers to health behaviors, recommended alternative settings, constituents of health behavior, motivation for health behaviors, attitude toward health behaviors, and trucking culture. We suggest applying ecological theories of health behavior and settings approaches to improve driver health. We also propose the Integrative and Dynamic Healthy Commercial Driving (IDHCD paradigm, grounded in complexity science, as a new theoretical framework for improving driver health outcomes.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hayes Jamie
2015-06-01
Full Text Available “Entry” guards protect the Tor onion routing system from variants of the “predecessor” attack, that would allow an adversary with control of a fraction of routers to eventually de-anonymize some users. Research has however shown the three guard scheme has drawbacks and Dingledine et al. proposed in 2014 for each user to have a single long-term guard. We first show that such a guard selection strategy would be optimal if the Tor network was failure-free and static. However under realistic failure conditions the one guard proposal still suffers from the classic fingerprinting attacks, uniquely identifying users. Furthermore, under dynamic network conditions using single guards offer smaller anonymity sets to users of fresh guards. We propose and analyze an alternative guard selection scheme by way of grouping guards together to form shared guard sets. We compare the security and performance of guard sets with the three guard scheme and the one guard proposal. We show guard sets do provide increased resistance to a number of attacks, while foreseeing no significant degradation in performance or bandwidth utilization.
Mikkelsen, Kim Sass
2017-01-01
Contemporary case studies rely on verbal arguments and set theory to build or evaluate theoretical claims. While existing procedures excel in the use of qualitative information (information about kind), they ignore quantitative information (information about degree) at central points of the analysis. Effectively, contemporary case studies rely on…
Bullying in Early Educational Settings
Kirves, Laura; Sajaniemi, Nina
2012-01-01
The aim of this research was to study the prevalence of bullying in early educational settings in Finnish kindergartens. In addition, the study investigated whether bullying in kindergartens differs from school bullying and what forms bullying takes among under-school-age children. Two kinds of data were collected for the study: data from a survey…
Goal Setting to Achieve Results
Newman, Rich
2012-01-01
Both districts and individual schools have a very clear set of goals and skills for their students to achieve and master. In fact, except in rare cases, districts and schools develop very detailed goals they wish to pursue. In most cases, unfortunately, only the teachers and staff at a particular school or district-level office are aware of the…
Bullying in Early Educational Settings
Kirves, Laura; Sajaniemi, Nina
2012-01-01
The aim of this research was to study the prevalence of bullying in early educational settings in Finnish kindergartens. In addition, the study investigated whether bullying in kindergartens differs from school bullying and what forms bullying takes among under-school-age children. Two kinds of data were collected for the study: data from a survey…
Linden, van der Wim J.
2011-01-01
It is shown how the time limit on a test can be set to control the probability of a test taker running out of time before completing it. The probability is derived from the item parameters in the lognormal model for response times. Examples of curves representing the probability of running out of ti
SET--Student Effectiveness Training
Getz, Hilda G.; Morrill, Robert W.
1978-01-01
The SET program's purpose is to teach effective communicating styles so that students can improve interpersonal communications with friends, parents, teachers, and others. Topics covered include nonverbal communication, attending behavior, feelings in communication, listening behavior, and communication responding and sending styles. The program…
Noldus, Johan
2013-01-01
We construct a Dirac theory on causal sets; a key element in the construction being that the causet must be regarded as emergent in an appropriate sense too. We further notice that mixed norm spaces appear in the construction allowing for negative norm particles and "ghosts".
Wide Range SET Pulse Measurement
Shuler, Robert L.; Chen, Li
2012-01-01
A method for measuring a wide range of SET pulses is demonstrated. Use of dynamic logic, faster than ordinary CMOS, allows capture of short pulses. A weighted binning of SET lengths allows measurement of a wide range of pulse lengths with compact circuitry. A pulse-length-conservative pulse combiner tree routes SETs from combinational logic to the measurement circuit, allowing SET measurements in circuits that cannot easily be arranged in long chains. The method is applied to add-multiplex combinational logic, and to an array of NFET routing switches, at .35 micron. Pulses are captured in a chain of Domino Logic AND gates. Propagation through the chain is frozen on the trailing edge by dropping low the second "enable" input to the AND gates. Capacitive loading is increased in the latter stages to create an approximately logarithmic weighted binning, so that a broad range of pulse lengths can be captured with a 10 stage capture chain. Simulations show pulses can be captured which are 1/5th the length of those typically captured with leading edge triggered latch methods, and less than the length of those captured with a trailing edge latch method. After capture, the pulse pattern is transferred to an SEU protected shift register for readout. 64 instances of each of two types of logic are used as targets. One is a full adder with a 4 to 1 mux on its inputs. The other is a 4 x 4 NFET routing matrix. The outputs are passed through buffered XNOR comparators to identify pulses, which are merged in a buffered not-nand (OR) tree designed to avoid pulse absorption as much as possible. The output from each of the two test circuits are input into separate pulse measurement circuits. Test inputs were provided so that the circuit could be bench tested and calibrated. A third SET measurement circuit with no inputs was used to judge the contribution from direct hits on the measurement circuit. Heavy ions were used with an LET range from 12 to 176. At LET of 21 and below, the very
Mahanta, J.; P. K. Das
2012-01-01
A new class of fuzzy closed sets, namely fuzzy weakly closed set in a fuzzy topological space is introduced and it is established that this class of fuzzy closed sets lies between fuzzy closed sets and fuzzy generalized closed sets. Alongwith the study of fundamental results of such closed sets, we define and characterize fuzzy weakly compact space and fuzzy weakly closed space.
Hypergraphs combinatorics of finite sets
Berge, C
1989-01-01
Graph Theory has proved to be an extremely useful tool for solving combinatorial problems in such diverse areas as Geometry, Algebra, Number Theory, Topology, Operations Research and Optimization. It is natural to attempt to generalise the concept of a graph, in order to attack additional combinatorial problems. The idea of looking at a family of sets from this standpoint took shape around 1960. In regarding each set as a ``generalised edge'' and in calling the family itself a ``hypergraph'', the initial idea was to try to extend certain classical results of Graph Theory such as the theorems of Turán and König. It was noticed that this generalisation often led to simplification; moreover, one single statement, sometimes remarkably simple, could unify several theorems on graphs. This book presents what seems to be the most significant work on hypergraphs.
Grünewald, Stefan
2010-01-01
A classical problem in phylogenetic tree analysis is to decide whether there is a phylogenetic tree $T$ that contains all information of a given collection $\\cP$ of phylogenetic trees. If the answer is "yes" we say that $\\cP$ is compatible and $T$ displays $\\cP$. This decision problem is NP-complete even if all input trees are quartets, that is binary trees with exactly four leaves. In this paper, we prove a sufficient condition for a set of binary phylogenetic trees to be compatible. That result is used to give a short and self-contained proof of the known characterization of quartet sets of minimal cardinality which are displayed by a unique phylogenetic tree.
Food systems in correctional settings
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Smoyer, Amy; Kjær Minke, Linda
Food is a central component of life in correctional institutions and plays a critical role in the physical and mental health of incarcerated people and the construction of prisoners' identities and relationships. An understanding of the role of food in correctional settings and the effective...... management of food systems may improve outcomes for incarcerated people and help correctional administrators to maximize their health and safety. This report summarizes existing research on food systems in correctional settings and provides examples of food programmes in prison and remand facilities......, including a case study of food-related innovation in the Danish correctional system. It offers specific conclusions for policy-makers, administrators of correctional institutions and prison-food-service professionals, and makes proposals for future research....
Developing a research skill set.
You, Y Nancy; Bednarski, Brian
2014-06-01
The recent decades have witnessed a significant expansion in the diversity of career paths within academic surgery. Although the skills for providing exemplary surgical care and for maintaining a strong work ethic are the foundations of an academic surgeon, deliberate career planning and organized acquisition of research skills contribute to the success of an academic career. In this article, we identify a set of core academic skills and propose a framework for acquiring them. We also describe specific career paths within academic surgery and provide an overview of the opportunities for acquiring specific skill sets. The development of an academic career is challenging, and firm knowledge of the personal motivations will sustain and endure the time needed for acquiring the needed skills.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sommer, Rainer [DESY, Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC
2014-02-15
The principles of scale setting in lattice QCD as well as the advantages and disadvantages of various commonly used scales are discussed. After listing criteria for good scales, I concentrate on the main presently used ones with an emphasis on scales derived from the Yang-Mills gradient flow. For these I discuss discretisation errors, statistical precision and mass effects. A short review on numerical results also brings me to an unpleasant disagreement which remains to be explained.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2007-01-01
<正>On the afternoon of February 12, 2007, the China Friendship Foundation for Peace and Development (CFFPD) held the inauguration of the Farmer Training Fund and a press conference. Li Xiaolin, CPAFFC vice president and chairman of the Board of Directors of the CFFPD, who announced the inauguration, said, the Farmer Training Fund is set up by the CFFPD timely in response to the Party’s call of "building a new socialist countryside" and a
Developing a Research Skill Set
You, Y. Nancy; Bednarski, Brian
2014-01-01
The recent decades have witnessed a significant expansion in the diversity of career paths within academic surgery. Although the skills for providing exemplary surgical care and for maintaining a strong work ethic are the foundations of an academic surgeon, deliberate career planning and organized acquisition of research skills contribute to the success of an academic career. In this article, we identify a set of core academic skills and propose a framework for acquiring them. We also describ...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Debrabant, Birgit; Soerensen, Mette
2014-01-01
Abstract We discuss the use of modified Kolmogorov-Smirnov (KS) statistics in the context of gene set analysis and review corresponding null and alternative hypotheses. Especially, we show that, when enhancing the impact of highly significant genes in the calculation of the test statistic...... parameter and the genesis and distribution of the gene-level statistics, and illustrate the effects of differential weighting in a real-life example....
Set Reordering for Paletted Data
Schneider, Jens
2011-03-01
We present a novel method to recycle bits of paletted data sets. We exploit that the codebook of such data can be reordered without affecting the content. Enumerating all possible permutations of N codebook entries yields an additional O(N log2 N) bits that can be used without storage overhed for the losless encoding of a limited amount of tags, meta-information, or part of the actual data. © 2011 IEEE.
Srivastava, S M
1998-01-01
The roots of Borel sets go back to the work of Baire [8]. He was trying to come to grips with the abstract notion of a function introduced by Dirich let and Riemann. According to them, a function was to be an arbitrary correspondence between objects without giving any method or procedure by which the correspondence could be established. Since all the specific functions that one studied were determined by simple analytic expressions, Baire delineated those functions that can be constructed starting from con tinuous functions and iterating the operation 0/ pointwise limit on a se quence 0/ functions. These functions are now known as Baire functions. Lebesgue [65] and Borel [19] continued this work. In [19], Borel sets were defined for the first time. In his paper, Lebesgue made a systematic study of Baire functions and introduced many tools and techniques that are used even today. Among other results, he showed that Borel functions coincide with Baire functions. The study of Borel sets got an impetus from...
Gerbner, Dániel; Lemons, Nathan; Mubayi, Dhruv; Palmer, Cory; Patkós, Balázs
2011-01-01
The two part Sperner theorem of Katona and Kleitman states that if $X$ is an $n$-element set with partition $X_1 \\cup X_2$, and $\\cF$ is a family of subsets of $X$ such that no two sets $A, B \\in \\cF$ satisfy $A \\subset B$ (or $B \\subset A$) and $A \\cap X_i=B \\cap X_i$ for some $i$, then $|\\cF| \\le {n \\choose \\lfloor n/2 \\rfloor}$. We consider variations of this problem by replacing the Sperner property with the intersection property and considering families that satisfiy various combinations of these properties on one or both parts $X_1$, $X_2$. Along the way, we prove the following new result which may be of independent interest: let $\\cF, \\cG$ be families of subsets of an $n$-element set such that $\\cF$ and $\\cG$ are both intersecting and cross-Sperner, meaning that if $A \\in \\cF$ and $B \\in \\cG$, then $A \
Convex Hulls of Algebraic Sets
Gouveia, João
2010-01-01
This article describes a method to compute successive convex approximations of the convex hull of a set of points in R^n that are the solutions to a system of polynomial equations over the reals. The method relies on sums of squares of polynomials and the dual theory of moment matrices. The main feature of the technique is that all computations are done modulo the ideal generated by the polynomials defining the set to the convexified. This work was motivated by questions raised by Lov\\'asz concerning extensions of the theta body of a graph to arbitrary real algebraic varieties, and hence the relaxations described here are called theta bodies. The convexification process can be seen as an incarnation of Lasserre's hierarchy of convex relaxations of a semialgebraic set in R^n. When the defining ideal is real radical the results become especially nice. We provide several examples of the method and discuss convergence issues. Finite convergence, especially after the first step of the method, can be described expl...
Introduction to axiomatic set theory
Takeuti, Gaisi
1971-01-01
In 1963, the first author introduced a course in set theory at the Uni versity of Illinois whose main objectives were to cover G6del's work on the consistency of the axiom of choice (AC) and the generalized con tinuum hypothesis (GCH), and Cohen's work on the independence of AC and the GCH. Notes taken in 1963 by the second author were the taught by him in 1966, revised extensively, and are presented here as an introduction to axiomatic set theory. Texts in set theory frequently develop the subject rapidly moving from key result to key result and suppressing many details. Advocates of the fast development claim at least two advantages. First, key results are highlighted, and second, the student who wishes to master the sub ject is compelled to develop the details on his own. However, an in structor using a "fast development" text must devote much class time to assisting his students in their efforts to bridge gaps in the text. We have chosen instead a development that is quite detailed and complete. F...
Transformation and entropy for fuzzy rough sets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2008-01-01
A new method for translating a fuzzy rough set to a fuzzy set is introduced and the fuzzy approximation of a fuzzy rough set is given.The properties of the fuzzy approximation of a fuzzy rough set are studied and a fuzzy entropy measure for fuzzy rough sets is proposed.This measure is consistent with similar considerations for ordinary fuzzy sets and is the result of the fuzzy approximation of fuzzy rough sets.
Generalised Interval-Valued Fuzzy Soft Set
Shawkat Alkhazaleh; Abdul Razak Salleh
2012-01-01
We introduce the concept of generalised interval-valued fuzzy soft set and its operations and study some of their properties. We give applications of this theory in solving a decision making problem. We also introduce a similarity measure of two generalised interval-valued fuzzy soft sets and discuss its application in a medical diagnosis problem: fuzzy set; soft set; fuzzy soft set; generalised fuzzy soft set; generalised interval-valued fuzzy soft set; interval-valued fuzz...
Cohomotopy sets of 4-manifolds
Kirby, Robion; Teichner, Peter
2012-01-01
Elementary geometric arguments are used to compute the group of homotopy classes of maps from a 4-manifold X to the 3-sphere, and to enumerate the homotopy classes of maps from X to the 2-sphere. The former completes a project initiated by Steenrod in the 1940's, and the latter provides geometric arguments for and extensions of recent homotopy theoretic results of Larry Taylor. These two results complete the computation of all the cohomotopy sets of closed oriented 4-manifolds and provide a framework for the study of Morse 2-functions on 4-manifolds, a subject that has garnered considerable recent attention.
Dissociative disorders in medical settings.
MacPhee, Edward
2013-10-01
Despite the challenges of conducting research on dissociation and the dissociative disorders, our understanding has grown greatly over the past three decades, including our knowledge of the often overlooked sensorimotor manifestations of dissociation, more commonly referred to as somatoform dissociation. This article will first review the definitions and presentations of dissociation in general along with recent research on the concept of somatoform dissociation. Then, each of the dissociative disorders and conversion disorder will be discussed in further detail as well as how they might present in a medical setting. Current recommendations for diagnosis and treatment will also be provided.
Beeping a Maximal Independent Set
Afek, Yehuda; Alon, Noga; Bar-Joseph, Ziv; Cornejo, Alejandro; Haeupler, Bernhard; Kuhn, Fabian
2012-01-01
We consider the problem of computing a maximal independent set (MIS) in an extremely harsh broadcast model that relies only on carrier sensing. The model consists of an anonymous broadcast network in which nodes have no knowledge about the topology of the network or even an upper bound on its size. Furthermore, it is assumed that an adversary chooses at which time slot each node wakes up. At each time slot a node can either beep, that is, emit a signal, or be silent. At a particular time slot...
Slender-Set Differential Cryptanalysis
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Borghoff, Julia; Knudsen, Lars Ramkilde; Leander, Gregor;
2013-01-01
This paper considers PRESENT-like ciphers with key-dependent S-boxes. We focus on the setting where the same selection of S-boxes is used in every round. One particular variant with 16 rounds, proposed in 2009, is broken in practice in a chosen plaintext/chosen ciphertext scenario. Extrapolating...... these results suggests that up to 28 rounds of such ciphers can be broken. Furthermore, we outline how our attack strategy can be applied to an extreme case where the S-boxes are chosen uniformly at random for each round, and where the bit permutation is key-dependent as well....
Algebraic Theories over Nominal Sets
Kurz, Alexander; Velebil, Jiří
2010-01-01
We investigate the foundations of a theory of algebraic data types with variable binding inside classical universal algebra. In the first part, a category-theoretic study of monads over the nominal sets of Gabbay and Pitts leads us to introduce new notions of finitary based monads and uniform monads. In a second part we spell out these notions in the language of universal algebra, show how to recover the logics of Gabbay-Mathijssen and Clouston-Pitts, and apply classical results from universal algebra.
Award Set for Future Scientists
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2002-01-01
Thirteen-year-old Zhou Licheng is a pupil at the Beijing Xicheng Experimental School, and recently won second prize in the "Future Scientist Award" for his invention - a device that prevents smoke from coming down the flue. He won a 10,000-yuan cash prize, and his school was also awarded 40,000 yuan. The "Future Scientist Award" was set up through the joint efforts of the Ministry of Education, the China Association for Science and Technology, and the Hong Kong H. S. Chau Foundation. Its aim is to reward
Food systems in correctional settings
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Smoyer, Amy; Kjær Minke, Linda
Food is a central component of life in correctional institutions and plays a critical role in the physical and mental health of incarcerated people and the construction of prisoners' identities and relationships. An understanding of the role of food in correctional settings and the effective mana......, including a case study of food-related innovation in the Danish correctional system. It offers specific conclusions for policy-makers, administrators of correctional institutions and prison-food-service professionals, and makes proposals for future research....
Topology theory on rough sets.
Wu, QingE; Wang, Tuo; Huang, YongXuan; Li, JiSheng
2008-02-01
For further studying the theories and applications of rough sets (RS), this paper proposes a new theory on RS, which mainly includes topological space, topological properties, homeomorphism, and its properties on RS by some new definitions and theorems given. The relationship between partition and countable open covering is discussed, and some applications based on the topological rough space and its topological properties are introduced. Moreover, some perspectives for future research are given. Throughout this paper, the advancements of the new theory on RS and topological algebra not only represent an important theoretical value but also exhibit significant applications of RS and topology.
CERN Audiovisual Service
2009-01-01
Les routes de la science sont plus escarpées pour les femmes Le programme SET-Routes, qui visait à sensibiliser les jeunes filles à l’intérêt des carrières scientifiques, a pris fin en avril. Porté par l’EMBL, l’EMBO et le CERN, il a mis en place un réseau de femmes scientifiques, des ambassadrices qui se sont rendues dans les établissements scolaires européens pour parler de leur parcours scientifique.
Rough Set Theory over Fuzzy Lattices
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Guilong Liu
2006-01-01
Rough set theory, proposed by Pawlak in 1982, is a tool for dealing with uncertainty and vagueness aspects of knowledge model. The main idea of roug h sets corresponds to the lower and upper approximations based on equivalence relations. This paper studies the rough set and its extension. In our talk, we present a linear algebra approach to rough set and its extension, give an equivalent definition of the lower and upper approximations of rough set based on the characteristic function of sets, and then we explain the lower and upper approximations as the colinear map and linear map of sets, respectively. Finally, we define the rough sets over fuzzy lattices, which cover the rough set and fuzzy rough set, and the independent axiomatic systems are constructed to characterize the lower and upper approximations of rough set over fuzzy lattices, respectively, based on inner and outer products. The axiomatic systems unify the axiomization of Pawlak's rough sets and fuzzy rough sets.
Ontology-Based Geographic Data Set Integration
Uitermark, Henricus Theodorus Johannes Antonius
2001-01-01
Geographic data set integration is particularly important for update propagation, i.e. the reuse of updates from one data set in another data set. In this thesis geographic data set integration (also known as map integration) between two topographic data sets, GBKN and TOP10vector, is described. GBK
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sløk-Madsen, Stefan Kirkegaard; Christensen, Jesper
The world over classrooms in business schools are being taught that corporate values can impact performance. The argument is typically that culture matter more than strategy plans and culture can be influenced and indeed changed by a shared corporate value set. While the claim seems intuitively a...... a unique contribution to the effects of investment in shared company values, and to whether agent rationality can be fundamentally changed by committed organizational efforts.......The world over classrooms in business schools are being taught that corporate values can impact performance. The argument is typically that culture matter more than strategy plans and culture can be influenced and indeed changed by a shared corporate value set. While the claim seems intuitively...... and anecdotally true surprisingly little hard evidence has been produced either for or against. This study attempts to rectify this. The study claims that for corporate values to matter they must at least align, and potentially alter, employee decision-making hence their concept of optimality and rational...
Data Sets from Major NCI Initiaves
The NCI Data Catalog includes links to data collections produced by major NCI initiatives and other widely used data sets, including animal models, human tumor cell lines, epidemiology data sets, genomics data sets from TCGA, TARGET, COSMIC, GSK, NCI60.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ullas Thomas
2015-07-01
Full Text Available This paper contains certain properties of set-magic graphs and obtained the set-magic number of certain classes of graphs. All spanning super graphs of a set-magic graph always set-magic and all cycles and Hamiltonian graphs are set-magic. Also set-magic number of any cycle of size 2n is always greater than n.
Isodiametric sets in the Heisenberg group
Leonardi, Gian Paolo; Rigot, Severine; Vittone, Davide
2010-01-01
In the sub-Riemannian Heisenberg group equipped with its Carnot-Caratheodory metric and with a Haar measure, we consider isodiametric sets, i.e. sets maximizing the measure among all sets with a given diameter. In particular, given an isodiametric set, and up to negligible sets, we prove that its boundary is given by the graphs of two locally Lipschitz functions. Moreover, in the restricted class of rotationally invariant sets, we give a quite complete characterization of any compact (rotatio...
Confidence sets for network structure
Airoldi, Edoardo M; Wolfe, Patrick J
2011-01-01
Latent variable models are frequently used to identify structure in dichotomous network data, in part because they give rise to a Bernoulli product likelihood that is both well understood and consistent with the notion of exchangeable random graphs. In this article we propose conservative confidence sets that hold with respect to these underlying Bernoulli parameters as a function of any given partition of network nodes, enabling us to assess estimates of 'residual' network structure, that is, structure that cannot be explained by known covariates and thus cannot be easily verified by manual inspection. We demonstrate the proposed methodology by analyzing student friendship networks from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health that include race, gender, and school year as covariates. We employ a stochastic expectation-maximization algorithm to fit a logistic regression model that includes these explanatory variables as well as a latent stochastic blockmodel component and additional node-specific...
Setting a personal career direction.
McCurdy, Fredrick A; Marcdante, Karen
2003-01-01
In summary, we believe that both you and your organization should have a set of core values, a well-defined mission (core purpose), and a vision of the future. Ideally, your projects and activities should be congruent with your mission and values, you should be pursuing your vision, and all of this should be congruent with the organization mission and values. Practically speaking, most individuals we have worked with over the years find themselves in two different groups at this point in the exercise. The minority find that their personal mission is not at all similar to the mission of their current organization and they find it necessary to seriously reevaluate their personal career direction. Sometimes, this results in them finding some other place to work. On the other hand, the majority discover their personal mission is in reasonable agreement with that of their organization. For both, this exercise has helped them clarify and better manage their personal career direction.
On Setting Limits for Supersymmetry
Simeon, Paul; Toback, David
2004-10-01
When searching for new particles two separate production mechanisms from the same theory may produce the same final state. For example, in gauge mediated supersymmetry breaking with \\chi^0_1arrow γ tildeG at least two production mechanisms, \\chi^0_1\\chi^±1 and \\chi^0_2\\chi^±_1, can cascade to produce events with two photons and missing transverse energy. If there is no discovery one wants to set the best possible limits. While it seems obvious that the goal is to find the lowest possible cross section limit, one should be careful and focus on excluding the largest amount of parameter space for a theory. We show that the combined cross section limit from both (or all) production mechanisms that produce the same final state is the most sensitive way to attempt to exclude a theory.
Price setting in turbulent times
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ólafsson, Tjörvi; Pétursdóttir, Ásgerdur; Vignisdóttir, Karen Á.
. A second contribution to the literature is our analysis of the nexus between price setting and exchange rate movements, a topic that has attracted surprisingly limited attention in this survey-based literature. A novel aspect of our approach is to base our analysis on a categorisation of firms...... in the domestic market by their direct exposure to exchange rate movements captured by imported input costs as a share of total p duction costs. More exposed firms are found to be more likely to use state-dependent pricing, to adjust their prices in response to exchange rate changes, and to rely on increasing...... prices rather than decreasing costs to restore profit margins after an exchange rate depreciation. They also review their prices more often but nevertheless, surprisingly, have the same price change frequency as the median firm. On the other hand, price review frequency declines and time...
Communicating science in social settings.
Scheufele, Dietram A
2013-08-20
This essay examines the societal dynamics surrounding modern science. It first discusses a number of challenges facing any effort to communicate science in social environments: lay publics with varying levels of preparedness for fully understanding new scientific breakthroughs; the deterioration of traditional media infrastructures; and an increasingly complex set of emerging technologies that are surrounded by a host of ethical, legal, and social considerations. Based on this overview, I discuss four areas in which empirical social science helps clarify intuitive but sometimes faulty assumptions about the social-level mechanisms of science communication and outline an agenda for bench and social scientists--driven by current social-scientific research in the field of science communication--to guide more effective communication efforts at the societal level in the future.
Enteral Feeding Set Handling Techniques.
Lyman, Beth; Williams, Maria; Sollazzo, Janet; Hayden, Ashley; Hensley, Pam; Dai, Hongying; Roberts, Cristine
2017-04-01
Enteral nutrition therapy is common practice in pediatric clinical settings. Often patients will receive a pump-assisted bolus feeding over 30 minutes several times per day using the same enteral feeding set (EFS). This study aims to determine the safest and most efficacious way to handle the EFS between feedings. Three EFS handling techniques were compared through simulation for bacterial growth, nursing time, and supply costs: (1) rinsing the EFS with sterile water after each feeding, (2) refrigerating the EFS between feedings, and (3) using a ready-to-hang (RTH) product maintained at room temperature. Cultures were obtained at baseline, hour 12, and hour 21 of the 24-hour cycle. A time-in-motion analysis was conducted and reported in average number of seconds to complete each procedure. Supply costs were inventoried for 1 month comparing the actual usage to our estimated usage. Of 1080 cultures obtained, the overall bacterial growth rate was 8.7%. The rinse and refrigeration techniques displayed similar bacterial growth (11.4% vs 10.3%, P = .63). The RTH technique displayed the least bacterial growth of any method (4.4%, P = .002). The time analysis in minutes showed the rinse method was the most time-consuming (44.8 ± 2.7) vs refrigeration (35.8 ± 2.6) and RTH (31.08 ± 0.6) ( P < .0001). All 3 EFS handling techniques displayed low bacterial growth. RTH was superior in bacterial growth, nursing time, and supply costs. Since not all pediatric formulas are available in RTH, we conclude that refrigerating the EFS between uses is the next most efficacious method for handling the EFS between bolus feeds.
Areas of rectangles and product sets of sum sets
Roche-Newton, Oliver
2012-01-01
Given two points $p,q\\in{\\mathbb{R}^2}$, the area of the rectangle with points $p$ and $q$ at opposite corners can be calculated. In this paper, it is proven that $N$ points in the plane generate $\\Omega(\\frac{N}{\\log{N}})$ rectangles with distinct areas, or alternatively all areas are zero. Consequently, the following near-optimal sum-product type estimate for discrete sets of reals $A,B$ is obtained: $$|(A\\pm{B})\\cdot{(A\\pm{B})}|\\gg{\\frac{|A||B|}{\\log{|A|}+\\log{|B|}}}.$$ The signed area of the rectangle with the diagonal $[pq]$ equals the square of the Minkowski distance between the points $p,q,$ and the proof of our main result is in essence an adaptation of the Guth-Katz proof of the Erd\\H os distance conjecture to the case of the Minkowski distance. It requires a certain amount of care, however, because one of the assumptions of the Guth-Katz incidence theorem in $\\R^3$ may get violated violated, owing to the possibility of having many zero Minkowski distances.
Beeping a Maximal Independent Set
Afek, Yehuda; Bar-Joseph, Ziv; Cornejo, Alejandro; Haeupler, Bernhard; Kuhn, Fabian
2012-01-01
We consider the problem of computing a maximal independent set (MIS) in an extremely harsh broadcast model that relies only on carrier sensing. The model consists of an anonymous broadcast network in which nodes have no knowledge about the topology of the network or even an upper bound on its size. Furthermore, it is assumed that an adversary chooses at which time slot each node wakes up. At each time slot a node can either beep, that is, emit a signal, or be silent. At a particular time slot, beeping nodes receive no feedback, while silent nodes can only differentiate between none of its neighbors beeping, or at least one of its neighbors beeping. We start by proving a lower bound that shows that in this model, it is not possible to locally converge to an MIS in sub-polynomial time. We then study four different relaxations of the model which allow us to circumvent the lower bound and find an MIS in polylogarithmic time. First, we show that if a polynomial upper bound on the network size is known, it is possi...
Setting reference values in trichology.
Rebora, Alfredo; Guarrera, Marcella; Drago, Francesco; Rossi, Alfredo; Fortuna, Maria Caterina; D'Ovidio, Roberto; Chieco, Paolo; Piraccini, Bianca Maria; Starace, Michela
2016-01-01
In clinical trichology, reference values are often arbitrary. The difficulty in setting them up depends mostly on the presence of the androgenetic alopecia (AGA) genotype in subjects with clinically unapparent forms. Prepubertal children, who lack 5α-reductase (a real indicator of the AGA phenotype), might provide reference values independent from AGA. We verified whether the vertex/occiput ratios (V/O) of hair density and the V/O of hair diameter are suitable parameters. In sixty 4-10-year-old Caucasian children, we measured the ratio between the hair density at the vertex and the occiput. The same was done for the diameter. The V/O of density averaged 1.07 ± 0.17 and the V/O of diameter 1.02 ± 0.11. Taking the mean ± 2SD as normal values, our "normal" V/O of density ranged between 0.73 and 1.41 and our "normal" V/0 of diameter between 0.8 and 1.24. People with lower ratios would have, therefore, AGA with 95% of probability. Moreover, we found that hair shedding using the hair pull test and the modified wash test come to 1-2 hairs/day. © 2015 The International Society of Dermatology.
Schmidt game and fat cantor sets
Sun, Peng
2016-06-01
We study a class of Cantor sets in [0, 1]. We show that the complement of the Cantor set is winning for Schmidt game if and only if the Cantor set is not "fat". This provides some open dense sets of full Lebesgue measure that are not winning for Schmidt game.
STS : a structural theory of sets
Baltag, A.
1998-01-01
We explore a non-classical, universal set theory, based on a purely ``structural'' conception of sets. A set is a transfinite process of unfolding of an arbitrary (possibly large) binary structure, with identity of sets given by the observational equivalence between such processes. We formalize thes
Solving set partitioning problems using lagrangian relaxation
van Krieken, M.G.C.
2006-01-01
This thesis focuses on the set partitioning problem. Given a collection of subsets of a certain root set and costs associated to these subsets, the set partitioning problem is the problem of finding a minimum cost partition of the root set. Many real-life problems, such as vehicle routing and crew s
Algorithms for Implicit Hitting Set Problems
Chandrasekaran, Karthekeyan; Moreno-Centeno, Erick; Vempala, Santosh
2011-01-01
A hitting set for a collection of sets is a set that has a non-empty intersection with each set in the collection; the hitting set problem is to find a hitting set of minimum cardinality. Motivated by instances of the hitting set problem where the number of sets to be hit is large, we introduce the notion of implicit hitting set problems. In an implicit hitting set problem the collection of sets to be hit is typically too large to list explicitly; instead, an oracle is provided which, given a set H, either determines that H is a hitting set or returns a set that H does not hit. We show a number of examples of classic implicit hitting set problems, and give a generic algorithm for solving such problems optimally. The main contribution of this paper is to show that this framework is valuable in developing approximation algorithms. We illustrate this methodology by presenting a simple on-line algorithm for the minimum feedback vertex set problem on random graphs. In particular our algorithm gives a feedback vert...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Lifeng XI
2008-01-01
In this paper,it is proved that any self-affine set satisfying the strong separation condition is uniformly porous.The author constructs a self-affine set which is not porous,although the open set condition holds.Besides,the author also gives a C1 iterated function system such that its invariant set is not porous.
Goal Setting as Teacher Development Practice
Camp, Heather
2017-01-01
This article explores goal setting as a teacher development practice in higher education. It reports on a study of college teacher goal setting informed by goal setting theory. Analysis of study participants' goal setting practices and their experiences with goal pursuit offers a framework for thinking about the kinds of goals teachers might set…
A New Minimal Rough Set Axiom Group
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
DAI Jian-hua
2004-01-01
Rough set axiomatization is one aspect of rough set study, and the purpose is to characterize rough set theory using independable and minimal axiom groups. Thus, rough set theory can be studied by logic and axiom system methods. To characterize rough set theory, an axiom group named H consisting of 4 axioms, is proposed. That validity of the axiom group in characterizing rough set theory is reasonable, is proved. Simultaneously, the minimization of the axiom group, which requires that each axiom is an inequality and each is independent, is proved. The axiom group is helpful for researching rough set theory by logic and axiom system methods.
Probabilistic Generation of Quantum Contextual Sets
Megill, Norman D; Waegell, Mordecai; Aravind, P K; Pavicic, Mladen
2011-01-01
We give a method for exhaustive generation of a huge number of Kochen-Specker contextual sets, based on the 600-cell, for possible experiments and quantum gates. The method is complementary to our previous parity proof generation of these sets, and it gives all sets while the parity proof method gives only sets with an odd number of edges in their hypergraph representation. Thus we obtain 35 new kinds of critical KS sets with an even number of edges. Using a random sample of the sets generated with our method, we give a statistical estimate of the number of sets that might be obtained in an eventual exhaustive enumeration.
Expressing Preferences using Preference Set Constraint Atoms
Brik, Alex
2012-01-01
This paper introduces an extension of Answer Set Programming called Preference Set Constraint Programming which is a convenient and general formalism to reason with preferences. PSC programming extends Set Constraint Programming introduced by Marek and Remmel (Marek and Remmel 2004) by introducing two types of preference set constraint atoms, measure preference set constraint atoms and pre-ordered preference set constraint atoms, which are extensions of set constraint atoms. We show that the question of whether a PSC program has a preferred stable model is CoNP-complete. We give examples of the uses of the preference set constraint atoms and show that Answer Set Optimization (Brewka, Niemel\\"a, and Truszczynski 2003) and General Preference (Son and Pontelli 2006) can be expressed using preference set constraint atoms.
Implementation of Steiner point of fuzzy set.
Liang, Jiuzhen; Wang, Dejiang
2014-01-01
This paper deals with the implementation of Steiner point of fuzzy set. Some definitions and properties of Steiner point are investigated and extended to fuzzy set. This paper focuses on establishing efficient methods to compute Steiner point of fuzzy set. Two strategies of computing Steiner point of fuzzy set are proposed. One is called linear combination of Steiner points computed by a series of crisp α-cut sets of the fuzzy set. The other is an approximate method, which is trying to find the optimal α-cut set approaching the fuzzy set. Stability analysis of Steiner point of fuzzy set is also studied. Some experiments on image processing are given, in which the two methods are applied for implementing Steiner point of fuzzy image, and both strategies show their own advantages in computing Steiner point of fuzzy set.
Children's health in slum settings.
Unger, Alon
2013-10-01
Rapid urbanisation in the 20th century has been accompanied by the development of slums. Nearly one-third of the world's population and more than 60% of urban populations in the least developed countries live in slums, including hundreds of millions of children. Slums are areas of broad social and health disadvantage to children and their families due to extreme poverty, overcrowding, poor water and sanitation, substandard housing, limited access to basic health and education services, and other hardships (eg, high unemployment, violence). Despite the magnitude of this problem, very little is known about the potential impact of slum life on the health of children and adolescents. Statistics that show improved mortality and health outcomes in cities are based on aggregated data and may miss important intraurban disparities. Limited but consistent evidence suggests higher infant and under-five years mortality for children residing in slums compared with non-slum areas. Children suffer from higher rates of diarrhoeal and respiratory illness, malnutrition and have lower vaccination rates. Mothers residing in slums are more poorly educated and less likely to receive antenatal care and skilled birth assistance. Adolescents have earlier sexual debut and higher rates of HIV, and adopt risky behaviours influenced by their social environment. We also know little about the consequences of this form of early childhood on long-term health-related behaviour (eg, diet and exercise) and non-communicable disease outcomes, such as obesity, heart disease and mental illness. Further attention to understanding and addressing child health in slum settings is an important priority for paediatricians and those committed to child health worldwide.
On the New Notion of the Set-Expectation for a Random Set of Events
Vorobyev, Oleg Yu.; Vorobyev, Alexey O.
2003-01-01
The paper introduces new notion for the set-valued mean set of a random set. The means are defined as families of sets that minimize mean distances to the random set. The distances are determined by metrics in spaces of sets or by suitable generalizations. Some examples illustrate the use of the new definitions.
Ash Aggregates in Proximal Settings
Porritt, L. A.; Russell, K.
2012-12-01
Ash aggregates are thought to have formed within and been deposited by the eruption column and plume and dilute density currents and their associated ash clouds. Moist, turbulent ash clouds are considered critical to ash aggregate formation by facilitating both collision and adhesion of particles. Consequently, they are most commonly found in distal deposits. Proximal deposits containing ash aggregates are less commonly observed but do occur. Here we describe two occurrences of vent proximal ash aggregate-rich deposits; the first within a kimberlite pipe where coated ash pellets and accretionary lapilli are found within the intra-vent sequence; and the second in a glaciovolcanic setting where cored pellets (armoured lapilli) occur within Diamond Mine, Canada, are the residual deposits within the conduit and vent of the volcano and are characterised by an abundance of ash aggregates. Coated ash pellets are dominant but are followed in abundance by ash pellets, accretionary lapilli and rare cored pellets. The coated ash pellets typically range from 1 - 5 mm in diameter and have core to rim ratios of approximately 10:1. The formation and preservation of these aggregates elucidates the style and nature of the explosive phase of kimberlite eruption at A418 (and other pipes?). First, these pyroclasts dictate the intensity of the kimberlite eruption; it must be energetic enough to cause intense fragmentation of the kimberlite to produce a substantial volume of very fine ash (sustained plume attended by concomitant production of pyroclastic density currents. The size and internal structure of the armoured lapilli provide constraints on the nature of the initial explosive phase of eruption at Kima'Kho. Their proximity to the vent also indicates rapid aggregation within the eruption plume. Within both sequences rapid aggregation of ash particles occurred in proximity to the vent. However, the conditions were substantially different leading to the production of armoured
A new MCNP{trademark} test set
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brockhoff, R.C.; Hendricks, J.S.
1994-09-01
The MCNP test set is used to test the MCNP code after installation on various computer platforms. For MCNP4 and MCNP4A this test set included 25 test problems designed to test as many features of the MCNP code as possible. A new and better test set has been devised to increase coverage of the code from 85% to 97% with 28 problems. The new test set is as fast as and shorter than the MCNP4A test set. The authors describe the methodology for devising the new test set, the features that were not covered in the MCNP4A test set, and the changes in the MCNP4A test set that have been made for MCNP4B and its developmental versions. Finally, new bugs uncovered by the new test set and a compilation of all known MCNP4A bugs are presented.
Submatrices of character tables and basic sets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bessenrodt, Christine; Olsson, Jørn Børling
2012-01-01
In this investigation of character tables of nite groups we study basic sets and associated representation theoretic data for complementary sets of conjugacy lasses. For the symmetric groups we nd unexpected properties of characters on restricted sets of conjugacy classes, like beautiful combinat......In this investigation of character tables of nite groups we study basic sets and associated representation theoretic data for complementary sets of conjugacy lasses. For the symmetric groups we nd unexpected properties of characters on restricted sets of conjugacy classes, like beautiful...
Lattice Gauge Field Theory and Prismatic Sets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Akyar, Bedia; Dupont, Johan Louis
We study prismatic sets analogously to simplicial sets except that realization involves prisms, i.e., products of simplices rather than just simplices. Particular examples are the prismatic subdivision of a simplicial set and the prismatic star of . Both have the same homotopy type as and in part......We study prismatic sets analogously to simplicial sets except that realization involves prisms, i.e., products of simplices rather than just simplices. Particular examples are the prismatic subdivision of a simplicial set and the prismatic star of . Both have the same homotopy type...
Set theory an introduction to independence proofs
Kunen, K
1984-01-01
Studies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, Volume 102: Set Theory: An Introduction to Independence Proofs offers an introduction to relative consistency proofs in axiomatic set theory, including combinatorics, sets, trees, and forcing.The book first tackles the foundations of set theory and infinitary combinatorics. Discussions focus on the Suslin problem, Martin's axiom, almost disjoint and quasi-disjoint sets, trees, extensionality and comprehension, relations, functions, and well-ordering, ordinals, cardinals, and real numbers. The manuscript then ponders on well-founded sets and
The antipodal sets of compact symmetric spaces
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Liu, Xingda; Deng, Shaoqiang
2014-01-01
We study the antipodal set of a point in a compact Riemannian symmetric space. It turns out that we can give an explicit description of the antipodal set of a point in any connected simply connected compact Riemannian symmetric space...
International Comprehensive Ocean Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — International Comprehensive Ocean Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) consists of digital data set DSI-1173, archived at the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). ICOADS is...
Low-set ears and pinna abnormalities
Low-set ears; Microtia; "Lop" ear; Pinna abnormalities; Genetic defect-pinna; Congenital defect-pinna ... conditions: Abnormal folds or location of the pinna Low-set ears No opening to the ear canal ...
National Hospice Item Set (HIS) data
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This data set includes the national averages (mean) for quality measure scores of Medicare-certified hospice agencies calculated from the Hospice Item Set (HIS) for...
The Anatomy of Agenda-Setting Research.
Rogers, Everett M.; And Others
1993-01-01
Seeks to add insight to the complex intellectual history of agenda-setting research by identifying over-time patterns of publications and of bibliographic citations. Addresses issues about the past, present, and future of agenda-setting research. (SR)
Race as a Variable in Agenda Setting.
Miller, Randy E.; Wanta, Wayne
1996-01-01
Examines, based on a survey, potential differences between races in the agenda-setting process. Finds that whites and minorities do not have different issue agendas and do not differ on the magnitude of agenda-setting effects. (TB)
The Fuzzy Sets Approach to Pattern Recognition
Wilson, T.
1972-01-01
The fuzzy set concept is defined and its application to pattern recognition is illustrated. An iterative procedure for learning the equi-membership surfaces and for generating a set of discriminate functions for two pattern classes is given.
Rough Sets in Approximate Solution Space
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hui Sun; Wei Tian; Qing Liu
2006-01-01
As a new mathematical theory, Rough sets have been applied to processing imprecise, uncertain and in complete data. It has been fruitful in finite and non-empty set. Rough sets, however, are only served as the theoretic tool to discretize the real function. As far as the real function research is concerned, the research to define rough sets in the real function is infrequent. In this paper, we exploit a new method to extend the rough set in normed linear space, in which we establish a rough set,put forward an upper and lower approximation definition, and make a preliminary research on the property of the rough set. A new tool is provided to study the approximation solutions of differential equation and functional variation in normed linear space. This research is significant in that it extends the application of rough sets to a new field.
The Theory of Sets of Ordinals
Koepke, Peter; Koerwien, Martin
2005-01-01
We propose a natural theory SO axiomatizing the class of sets of ordinals in a model of ZFC set theory. Both theories possess equal logical strength. Constructibility theory in SO corresponds to a natural recursion theory on ordinals.
Crew goal setting for security control
Wetter, Olive Emil; Hofer, Franziska; Jonas, Klaus
2013-01-01
This study investigated the effectiveness, efficiency, and robustness of simple goal setting in airport security control. As outcome, crew performance in terms of productivity (Experiment 1, field setting) was studied. Furthermore, the moderating role of negative and positive priming due to a previous task on the impact of goals (Experiment 2, laboratory setting) was analyzed. This research builds a bridge from goal setting theory to practice and prepares the grounds for its application in se...
Feedback control and synchronization of Mandelbrot sets
Zhang, Yong-Ping
2013-01-01
The movement of a particle could be depicted by the Mandelbrot set from the fractal viewpoint. According to the requirement, the movement of the particle needs to show different behaviors. In this paper, the feedback control method is taken on the classical Mandelbrot set. By amending the feedback item in the controller, the control method is applied to the generalized Mandelbrot set and by taking the reference item to be the trajectory of another system, the synchronization of Mandelbrot sets is achieved.
Screening and Evaluation Tool (SET) Users Guide
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pincock, Layne [Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
2014-10-01
This document is the users guide to using the Screening and Evaluation Tool (SET). SET is a tool for comparing multiple fuel cycle options against a common set of criteria and metrics. It does this using standard multi-attribute utility decision analysis methods.
Revisiting separation properties of convex fuzzy sets
Separation of convex sets by hyperplanes has been extensively studied on crisp sets. In a seminal paper separability and convexity are investigated, however there is a flaw on the definition of degree of separation. We revisited separation on convex fuzzy sets that have level-wise (crisp) disjointne...
Fuzzy Set Field and Fuzzy Metric
Gebru Gebray; B. Krishna Reddy
2014-01-01
The notation of fuzzy set field is introduced. A fuzzy metric is redefined on fuzzy set field and on arbitrary fuzzy set in a field. The metric redefined is between fuzzy points and constitutes both fuzziness and crisp property of vector. In addition, a fuzzy magnitude of a fuzzy point in a field is defined.
Fuzzy Set Approximations in Fuzzy Formal Contexts
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Mingwen Shao; Shiqing Fan
2006-01-01
In this paper, a kind of multi-level formal concept is introduced. Based on the proposed multi-level formal concept, we present a pair of rough fuzzy set approximations within fuzzy formal contexts. By the proposed rough fuzzy set approximations, we can approximate a fuzzy set according to different precision level. We discuss the properties of the proposed approximation operators in detail.
State estimation for random closed sets
Lieshout, van M.N.M.; Stein, Alfred; Allard, Denis
2015-01-01
State estimation entails the estimation of an unobserved random closed set from (partial) observation of an associated random set. Examples include edge effect correction, cluster detection, filtering and prediction. We focus on inference for random sets based on points sampled on its boundary. Such
45 CFR 84.34 - Educational setting.
2010-10-01
... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Educational setting. 84.34 Section 84.34 Public... Secondary Education § 84.34 Educational setting. (a) Academic setting. A recipient to which this subpart... handicapped person. A recipient shall place a handicapped person in the regular educational...
34 CFR 104.34 - Educational setting.
2010-07-01
... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Educational setting. 104.34 Section 104.34 Education... Preschool, Elementary, and Secondary Education § 104.34 Educational setting. (a) Academic setting. A... educational environment operated by the recipient unless it is demonstrated by the recipient that...
7 CFR 15b.23 - Educational setting.
2010-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Educational setting. 15b.23 Section 15b.23 Agriculture... Education § 15b.23 Educational setting. (a) Academic setting. A recipient to which this subpart applies... handicapped person. A recipient shall place a handicapped person in the regular educational...
45 CFR 605.34 - Educational setting.
2010-10-01
... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Educational setting. 605.34 Section 605.34 Public..., Elementary, and Secondary Education § 605.34 Educational setting. (a) Academic setting. A recipient to which... needs of the handicapped person. A recipient shall place a handicapped person in the regular...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lisonek, Petr
1996-01-01
our classifications confirmthe maximality of previously known sets, the results in E^7 and E^8are new. Their counterpart in dimension larger than 10is a set of unit vectors with only two values of inner products in the Lorentz space R^{d,1}.The maximality of this set again follows from a bound due...
Promoting Physical Activity through Goal Setting Strategies
Martinez, Ray
2004-01-01
Physical educators are used to setting specific goals for students within a given unit. Here, the author emphasizes that they should also encourage students to set their own goals. Goal setting engages students in the learning process and allows them to develop the skills that support an active lifestyle. The author presents goal setting…
Products of Sets: Ordered and Unordered
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2016-06-01
In this article we study the (Cartesian) Productsof sets. As a prelude to it, we examine variousdefinitions offered by different mathematicians tothe concept of an ordered pair. The subtle differencebetween the notions of ordered productsof sets and unordered products of sets is highlighted.
Global regularity for minimal sets and counterexamples
Liang, Xiangyu
2011-01-01
We discuss the global regularity for 2 dimensional minimal sets, that is, whether all global minimal sets in $\\R^n$ are cones or not. Every minimal set looks like a minimal cone $C$ at infinity, hence the main point is to use the topological properties of a minimal set at large scale to control its topology at smaller scales. Such arguments depend on the cone $C$, thus we have to discuss them one by one. Recall that this is the idea to prove that 1-dimensional Almgren-minimal sets in $\\R^n$, and 2-dimensional Mumford-Shah minimal sets in $\\R^3$ are cones. In this article we discuss three types of 2-dimensional minimal sets: Almgren-minimal set in $\\R^3$ whose blow-in limit is a $\\T$ set; topological minimal sets in $\\R^4$ whose blow-in limit is a $\\T$ set; and Almgren minimal sets in $\\R^4$ whose blow-in limit is the union $P_\\theta$ of two almost orthogonal planes. For the first one we eliminate an existing potential counterexample that was proposed by several people, and show that a real counterexample shou...
Supplementary magnetic tests for railway wheel sets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zbigniew Hilary ŻUREK
2008-01-01
Full Text Available During manufacturing process the wheel set is subjected to many different flaw detection methods; however, these methods are not sufficient while the wheel set is in service. The paper presents an example of monitoring of magnetic parameters changes of wheel set rolling surface (changes result from material degradation due to materialfatigue.
DIMENSIONS FOR RANDOM SELF-CONFORMAL SETS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Liu Yanyan; Wu Jun
2003-01-01
A set is called regular if its Hausdorff dimension and upper box-counting dimension coincide.In this paper,we prove that the random self-conformal set is regular almost surely.Also we determine the dimensions for a class of random self-conformal sets.
A Procedure for Socially Valid Goal Setting
Ogletree, Billy T.; Howell, Amber; Carpenter, Dale
2005-01-01
Goal setting poses a significant challenge for service providers in both clinical and educational settings. With today's call for services that contribute to meaningful changes in children, there is an increased need for goal-setting procedures that are socially valid. This article presents such a procedure and illustrates its use through a case…
38 CFR 18.434 - Education setting.
2010-07-01
... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Education setting. 18.434... Adult Education § 18.434 Education setting. (a) Academic setting. A recipient shall educate, or shall provide for the education of, each qualified handicapped person in its jurisdiction with persons who are...
Dimensions of cookie-cutter-like sets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
马际华; 饶辉; 文志英
2001-01-01
The cookie-cutter-like sets are defined as the limit sets of a sequence of classical cookiecutter mappings. By introducing Gibbs-like measures, we study the dimensions, Hausdorff and packing measures of the CC-like sets, and then discuss the continuous dependence of the dimensions.
Approach Merotopies and Associated Near Sets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
James Peters
2013-04-01
Full Text Available This article introduces associated near sets of a collection of sets. The proposed approach introduces a means of defining as well as describing an ε-approach merotopy in terms of the members of associated sets of collections that are sufficiently near. A characterization for continuous functions is established using associated near sets. This article also introduces p-containment considered in the context of near sets. An application of the proposed approach is given in terms of digital image classification.
Local structure of self-affine sets
Bandt, Christoph
2011-01-01
The structure of a self-similar set with open set condition does not change under magnification. For self-affine sets the situation is completely different. We consider planar self-affine Cantor sets E of the type studied by Bedford, McMullen, Gatzouras and Lalley, for which the projection onto the horizontal axis is an interval. We show that within small square neighborhoods of almost each point x in E, with respect to many product measures on address space, E is well approximated by product sets of an interval and a Cantor set. Even though E is totally disconnected, the limit sets have the product structure with interval fibres, reminiscent to the view of attractors of chaotic differentiable dynamical systems.
Continuation of Sets of Constrained Orbit Segments
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Schilder, Frank; Brøns, Morten; Chamoun, George Chaouki
Sets of constrained orbit segments of time continuous flows are collections of trajectories that represent a whole or parts of an invariant set. A non-trivial but simple example is a homoclinic orbit. A typical representation of this set consists of an equilibrium point of the flow and a trajecto...... orbit segments, this is very disadvantageous in practice. In this talk we will present an algorithm that allows the efficient continuation of sets of constrained orbit segments together with the solution of the full variational problem.......Sets of constrained orbit segments of time continuous flows are collections of trajectories that represent a whole or parts of an invariant set. A non-trivial but simple example is a homoclinic orbit. A typical representation of this set consists of an equilibrium point of the flow and a trajectory...
Generalized rough sets hybrid structure and applications
Mukherjee, Anjan
2015-01-01
The book introduces the concept of “generalized interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets”. It presents the basic properties of these sets and also, investigates an application of generalized interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft sets in decision making with respect to interval of degree of preference. The concept of “interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft rough sets” is discussed and interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft rough set based multi criteria group decision making scheme is presented, which refines the primary evaluation of the whole expert group and enables us to select the optimal object in a most reliable manner. The book also details concept of interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets of type 2. It presents the basic properties of these sets. The book also introduces the concept of “interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft topological space (IVIFS topological space)” together with intuitionistic fuzzy soft open sets (IVIFS open sets) and intuitionistic fuzzy soft cl...
Large margin image set representation and classification
Wang, Jim Jing-Yan
2014-07-06
In this paper, we propose a novel image set representation and classification method by maximizing the margin of image sets. The margin of an image set is defined as the difference of the distance to its nearest image set from different classes and the distance to its nearest image set of the same class. By modeling the image sets by using both their image samples and their affine hull models, and maximizing the margins of the images sets, the image set representation parameter learning problem is formulated as an minimization problem, which is further optimized by an expectation - maximization (EM) strategy with accelerated proximal gradient (APG) optimization in an iterative algorithm. To classify a given test image set, we assign it to the class which could provide the largest margin. Experiments on two applications of video-sequence-based face recognition demonstrate that the proposed method significantly outperforms state-of-the-art image set classification methods in terms of both effectiveness and efficiency.
Analysis of the heat setting process
Besler, N.; Gloy, Y. S.; Gries, T.
2016-07-01
Heat setting is an expensive and energy elaborative textile process. Heat setting is necessary to guarantee size accuracy and dimensional stability for textile materials. Depending on the material different heat setting methods such as saturated steam or hot air are used for the fixation. The research aim is to define the influence of heat setting on mechanical characteristics and to analyse the correlation of heat setting parameters for polyester. With the help of a “one factor at a time” experimental design heat setting parameters are varied. Mechanical characteristics and the material quality of heat set and not heat set material are evaluated to analyse the heat setting influence. In the described experimental design up to a temperature of 195 °C and a dwell time of 30 seconds the material shrinkage of polyester is increasing with increasing temperature and dwell time. Shrinkage in wales direction is higher than in course direction. The tensile strength in course direction stays constant whereas the tensile strength in wales direction can be increased by heat setting.
Frontiers of higher order fuzzy sets
Tahayori, Hooman
2015-01-01
Frontiers of Higher Order Fuzzy Sets, strives to improve the theoretical aspects of general and Interval Type-2 fuzzy sets and provides a unified representation theorem for higher order fuzzy sets. Moreover, the book elaborates on the concept of gradual elements and their integration with the higher order fuzzy sets. This book also introduces new frameworks for information granulation based on general T2FSs, IT2FSs, Gradual elements, Shadowed sets and rough sets. In particular, the properties and characteristics of the new proposed frameworks are studied. Such new frameworks are shown to be more capable to be exploited in real applications. Higher order fuzzy sets that are the result of the integration of general T2FSs, IT2FSs, gradual elements, shadowed sets and rough sets will be shown to be suitable to be applied in the fields of bioinformatics, business, management, ambient intelligence, medicine, cloud computing and smart grids. Presents new variations of fuzzy set frameworks and new areas of applicabili...
Spackman, Peter R.; Karton, Amir
2015-05-01
Coupled cluster calculations with all single and double excitations (CCSD) converge exceedingly slowly with the size of the one-particle basis set. We assess the performance of a number of approaches for obtaining CCSD correlation energies close to the complete basis-set limit in conjunction with relatively small DZ and TZ basis sets. These include global and system-dependent extrapolations based on the A + B/Lα two-point extrapolation formula, and the well-known additivity approach that uses an MP2-based basis-set-correction term. We show that the basis set convergence rate can change dramatically between different systems(e.g.it is slower for molecules with polar bonds and/or second-row elements). The system-dependent basis-set extrapolation scheme, in which unique basis-set extrapolation exponents for each system are obtained from lower-cost MP2 calculations, significantly accelerates the basis-set convergence relative to the global extrapolations. Nevertheless, we find that the simple MP2-based basis-set additivity scheme outperforms the extrapolation approaches. For example, the following root-mean-squared deviations are obtained for the 140 basis-set limit CCSD atomization energies in the W4-11 database: 9.1 (global extrapolation), 3.7 (system-dependent extrapolation), and 2.4 (additivity scheme) kJ mol-1. The CCSD energy in these approximations is obtained from basis sets of up to TZ quality and the latter two approaches require additional MP2 calculations with basis sets of up to QZ quality. We also assess the performance of the basis-set extrapolations and additivity schemes for a set of 20 basis-set limit CCSD atomization energies of larger molecules including amino acids, DNA/RNA bases, aromatic compounds, and platonic hydrocarbon cages. We obtain the following RMSDs for the above methods: 10.2 (global extrapolation), 5.7 (system-dependent extrapolation), and 2.9 (additivity scheme) kJ mol-1.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Spackman, Peter R.; Karton, Amir, E-mail: amir.karton@uwa.edu.au [School of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA 6009 (Australia)
2015-05-15
Coupled cluster calculations with all single and double excitations (CCSD) converge exceedingly slowly with the size of the one-particle basis set. We assess the performance of a number of approaches for obtaining CCSD correlation energies close to the complete basis-set limit in conjunction with relatively small DZ and TZ basis sets. These include global and system-dependent extrapolations based on the A + B/L{sup α} two-point extrapolation formula, and the well-known additivity approach that uses an MP2-based basis-set-correction term. We show that the basis set convergence rate can change dramatically between different systems(e.g.it is slower for molecules with polar bonds and/or second-row elements). The system-dependent basis-set extrapolation scheme, in which unique basis-set extrapolation exponents for each system are obtained from lower-cost MP2 calculations, significantly accelerates the basis-set convergence relative to the global extrapolations. Nevertheless, we find that the simple MP2-based basis-set additivity scheme outperforms the extrapolation approaches. For example, the following root-mean-squared deviations are obtained for the 140 basis-set limit CCSD atomization energies in the W4-11 database: 9.1 (global extrapolation), 3.7 (system-dependent extrapolation), and 2.4 (additivity scheme) kJ mol{sup –1}. The CCSD energy in these approximations is obtained from basis sets of up to TZ quality and the latter two approaches require additional MP2 calculations with basis sets of up to QZ quality. We also assess the performance of the basis-set extrapolations and additivity schemes for a set of 20 basis-set limit CCSD atomization energies of larger molecules including amino acids, DNA/RNA bases, aromatic compounds, and platonic hydrocarbon cages. We obtain the following RMSDs for the above methods: 10.2 (global extrapolation), 5.7 (system-dependent extrapolation), and 2.9 (additivity scheme) kJ mol{sup –1}.
A Logical Framework for Set Theories
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Arnon Avron
2012-03-01
Full Text Available Axiomatic set theory is almost universally accepted as the basic theory which provides the foundations of mathematics, and in which the whole of present day mathematics can be developed. As such, it is the most natural framework for Mathematical Knowledge Management. However, in order to be used for this task it is necessary to overcome serious gaps that exist between the "official" formulations of set theory (as given e.g. by formal set theory ZF and actual mathematical practice. In this work we present a new unified framework for formalizations of axiomatic set theories of different strength, from rudimentary set theory to full ZF. It allows the use of set terms, but provides a static check of their validity.
Gabor systems on discrete periodic sets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2009-01-01
Due to its good potential for digital signal processing, discrete Gabor analysis has interested some mathematicians. This paper addresses Gabor systems on discrete periodic sets, which can model signals to appear periodically but intermittently. Complete Gabor systems and Gabor frames on discrete periodic sets are characterized; a sufficient and necessary condition on what periodic sets admit complete Gabor systems is obtained; this condition is also proved to be sufficient and necessary for the existence of sets E such that the Gabor systems generated by χE are tight frames on these periodic sets; our proof is constructive, and all tight frames of the above form with a special frame bound can be obtained by our method; periodic sets admitting Gabor Riesz bases are characterized; some examples are also provided to illustrate the general theory.
Gabor systems on discrete periodic sets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI YunZhang; LIAN QiaoFang
2009-01-01
Due to its good potential for digital signal processing,discrete Gabor analysis has inter ested some mathematicians.This paper addresses Gabor systems on discrete periodic sets,which can model signals to appear periodically but intermittently.Complete Gabor systems and Gabor frames on discrete periodic sets are characterized; a sufficient and necessary condition on what periodic sets admit complete Gabor systems is obtained; this condition is also proved to be sufficient and necessary for the existence of sets E such that the Gabor systems generated by XE are tight frames on these periodic sets; our proof is constructive,and all tight frames of the above form with a special frame bound can be obtained by our method; periodic sets admitting Gabor Riesz bases are characterized;some examples are also provided to illustrate the general theory.
Transfinite diameter of Bernstein sets in
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Bialas-Cież Leokadia
2002-01-01
Full Text Available Let be a compact set in satisfying the following generalized Bernstein inequality: for each such that , for each polynomial of degree where is a constant independent of and , is an infinite set of natural numbers that is also independent of and . We give an estimate for the transfinite diameter of the set : For satisfying the usual Bernstein inequality (i.e., , we prove that
Competence Set Analysis Under Risk and Uncertainty
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
The competence set analysis technology can be applied to solve the decision making problems successfully and satisfactorily. This paper mainly focuses on the expanding strategy research and development of the competence set under risk and uncertainty. A systematic expression of the competence set analysis is described, several expanding principles and strategies with regard to several different cases are presented, and their applications in the personnel training program are discussed, some conclusions and suggestions to be developed in a further work are included.
Considerations and Algorithms for Compression of Sets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Larsson, Jesper
compression algorithm that allows transparent incorporation of various estimates for probability distribution. Our experimental results allow the conclusion that set compression can benefit from incorporat- ing statistics, using our method or variants of previously known techniques.......We consider compression of unordered sets of distinct elements. After a discus- sion of the general problem, we focus on compressing sets of fixed-length bitstrings in the presence of statistical information. We survey techniques from previous work, suggesting some adjustments, and propose a novel...
Autonomous Clustering Using Rough Set Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2008-01-01
This paper proposes a clustering technique that minimizes the need for subjective human intervention and is based on elements of rough set theory (RST). The proposed algorithm is unified in its approach to clustering and makes use of both local and global data properties to obtain clustering solutions. It handles single-type and mixed attribute data sets with ease. The results from three data sets of single and mixed attribute types are used to illustrate the technique and establish its efficiency.
On a type of generalized closed sets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dhananjoy Mandal
2012-01-01
Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to introduce and study a new class ofgeneralized closed sets in a topological space X, defined in terms of a grill G on X. Explicit characterization of such sets along with certain other properties of them are obtained. As applications, some characterizations of regular and normal spaces are achieved by use of the introduced class of sets.
Groups generated by a finite Engel set
Abdollahi, Alireza; Tortora, Antonio
2011-01-01
A subset $S$ of a group $G$ is called an Engel set if, for all $x,y\\in S$, there is a non-negative integer $n=n(x,y)$ such that $[x,\\,_n y]=1$. In this paper we are interested in finding conditions for a group generated by a finite Engel set to be nilpotent. In particular, we focus our investigation on groups generated by an Engel set of size two.
Introduction to the theory of sets
Breuer, Joseph
2006-01-01
Set theory permeates much of contemporary mathematical thought. This text for undergraduates offers a natural introduction, developing the subject through observations of the physical world. Its progressive development leads from concrete finite sets to cardinal numbers, infinite cardinals, and ordinals.Although set theory begins in the intuitive and the concrete, it ascends to a very high degree of abstraction. All that is necessary to its grasp, declares author Joseph Breuer, is patience. Breuer illustrates the grounding of finite sets in arithmetic, permutations, and combinations, which pro
Interval Continuous Plant Identification from Value Sets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
R. Hernández
2012-01-01
Full Text Available This paper shows how to obtain the values of the numerator and denominator Kharitonov polynomials of an interval plant from its value set at a given frequency. Moreover, it is proven that given a value set, all the assigned polynomials of the vertices can be determined if and only if there is a complete edge or a complete arc lying on a quadrant. This algorithm is nonconservative in the sense that if the value-set boundary of an interval plant is exactly known, and particularly its vertices, then the Kharitonov rectangles are exactly those used to obtain these value sets.
Generator Sets for the Alternating Group
Rotbart, Aviv
2010-01-01
Although the alternating group is an index 2 subgroup of the symmetric group, there is no generating set that gives a Coxeter structure on it. Various generating sets were suggested and studied by Bourbaki, Mitsuhashi, Regev-Roichman, Vershik-Vserminov and others. In a recent work of Brenti- Reiner-Roichman it is explained that palindromes in Mitsuhashi's generating set play a role similar to that of re ections in a Coxeter system. We study in detail the length function with respect to the set of palindromes. Results include an explicit combinatorial description, a generating function, and an interesting connection to Broder's restricted Stirling numbers.
Accuracy in Robot Generated Image Data Sets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Aanæs, Henrik; Dahl, Anders Bjorholm
2015-01-01
In this paper we present a practical innovation concerning how to achieve high accuracy of camera positioning, when using a 6 axis industrial robots to generate high quality data sets for computer vision. This innovation is based on the realization that to a very large extent the robots positioning...... error is deterministic, and can as such be calibrated away. We have successfully used this innovation in our efforts for creating data sets for computer vision. Since the use of this innovation has a significant effect on the data set quality, we here present it in some detail, to better aid others...... in using robots for image data set generation....
Fast Sparse Level Sets on Graphics Hardware.
Jalba, Andrei C; van der Laan, Wladimir J; Roerdink, Jos B T M
2013-01-01
The level-set method is one of the most popular techniques for capturing and tracking deformable interfaces. Although level sets have demonstrated great potential in visualization and computer graphics applications, such as surface editing and physically based modeling, their use for interactive simulations has been limited due to the high computational demands involved. In this paper, we address this computational challenge by leveraging the increased computing power of graphics processors, to achieve fast simulations based on level sets. Our efficient, sparse GPU level-set method is substantially faster than other state-of-the-art, parallel approaches on both CPU and GPU hardware. We further investigate its performance through a method for surface reconstruction, based on GPU level sets. Our novel multiresolution method for surface reconstruction from unorganized point clouds compares favorably with recent, existing techniques and other parallel implementations. Finally, we point out that both level-set computations and rendering of level-set surfaces can be performed at interactive rates, even on large volumetric grids. Therefore, many applications based on level sets can benefit from our sparse level-set method.
Comparing two sets without disclosing them
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LI ShunDong; DAI YiQi; WANG DaoShun; LUO Ping
2008-01-01
Secure multiparty computation has become a central research focus in the international cryptographic community, Secure comparing two sets is an important problem in secure multiparty computation. The research on privately determining whether two sets are equal has not been investigated, This study solves the prob-lem by mapping these sets into natural numbers and then comparing correspond-ing numbers. We propose two secure multiparty computation protocols for com-paring two sets. It is proved by well-accepted simulation paradigm that these solutions are private in semi-honest model, These solutions have important significance in constructing other secure multiparty computation protocols.
Feedback control and synchronization of Mandelbrot sets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Yong-Ping
2013-01-01
The movement of a particle could be depicted by the Mandelbrot set from the fractal viewpoint.According to the requirement,the movement of the particle needs to show different behaviors.In this paper,the feedback control method is taken on the classical Mandelbrot set.By amending the feedback item in the controller,the control method is applied to the generalized Mandelbrot set and by taking the reference item to be the trajectory of another system,the synchronization of Mandelbrot sets is achieved.
Tally NP Sets and Easy Census Functions
Goldsmith, Judy; Ogihara, Mitsunori; Rothe, Joerg
1998-01-01
We study the question of whether every P set has an easy (i.e., polynomial-time computable) census function. We characterize this question in terms of unlikely collapses of language and function classes such as the containment of #P_1 in FP, where #P_1 is the class of functions that count the witnesses for tally NP sets. We prove that every #P_{1}^{PH} function can be computed in FP^{#P_{1}^{#P_{1}}}. Consequently, every P set has an easy census function if and only if every set in the polyno...
Lattice Gauge Field Theory and Prismatic Sets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Akyar, Bedia; Dupont, Johan Louis
as and in particular the latter we use to study lattice gauge theory in the sense of Phillips and Stone. Thus for a Lie group and a set of parallel transport functions defining the transition over faces of the simplices, we define a classifying map from the prismatic star to a prismatic version of the classifying......We study prismatic sets analogously to simplicial sets except that realization involves prisms, i.e., products of simplices rather than just simplices. Particular examples are the prismatic subdivision of a simplicial set and the prismatic star of . Both have the same homotopy type...
Set Shifting Among Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa
Fitzpatrick, Kathleen Kara; Darcy, Alison; Colborn, Danielle; Gudorf, Caroline; Lock, James
2012-01-01
Objective Set shifting difficulties are documented for adults with anorexia nervosa (AN). However, AN typically onsets in adolescents and it is unclear if set-shifting difficulties are a result of chronic AN or present earlier in its course. This study examined whether adolescents with short duration AN demonstrated set shifting difficulties compared to healthy controls (HC). Method Data on set shifting collected from the Delis-Kaplan Executive Functioning System (DKEFS) and Wisconsin Card Sort Task (WCST) as well as eating psychopathology were collected from 32 adolescent inpatients with AN and compared to those from 22 HCs. Results There were no differences in set-shifting in adolescents with AN compared to HCs on most measures. Conclusion The findings suggest that set-shifting difficulties in AN may be a consequence of AN. Future studies should explore set-shifting difficulties in a larger sample of adolescents with the AN to determine if there is sub-set of adolescents with these difficulties and determine any relationship of set-shifting to the development of a chronic from of AN. PMID:22692985
Scalar Curvature of a Causal Set
Benincasa, Dionigi M. T.; Dowker, Fay
2010-05-01
A one parameter family of retarded linear operators on scalar fields on causal sets is introduced. When the causal set is well approximated by 4 dimensional Minkowski spacetime, the operators are Lorentz invariant but nonlocal, are parametrized by the scale of the nonlocality, and approximate the continuum scalar D’Alembertian □ when acting on fields that vary slowly on the nonlocality scale. The same operators can be applied to scalar fields on causal sets which are well approximated by curved spacetimes in which case they approximate □-(1)/(2)R where R is the Ricci scalar curvature. This can used to define an approximately local action functional for causal sets.
Egghe, L.; Michel, C.
2003-01-01
Ordered sets (OS) of documents are encountered more and more in information distribution systems, such as information retrieval systems. Classical similarity measures for ordinary sets of documents need to be extended to these ordered sets. This is done in this article using fuzzy set techniques. The practical usability of the OS-measures is…
THE RANDOM SHIFT SET AND RANDOM SUB-SELF-SIMILAR SET
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
First of all the authors introduce the concepts of random sub-self-similar set and random shift set and then construct the random sub-self-similar set by a random shift set and a collection of statistical contraction operators.
Gene set analysis using variance component tests
2013-01-01
Background Gene set analyses have become increasingly important in genomic research, as many complex diseases are contributed jointly by alterations of numerous genes. Genes often coordinate together as a functional repertoire, e.g., a biological pathway/network and are highly correlated. However, most of the existing gene set analysis methods do not fully account for the correlation among the genes. Here we propose to tackle this important feature of a gene set to improve statistical power in gene set analyses. Results We propose to model the effects of an independent variable, e.g., exposure/biological status (yes/no), on multiple gene expression values in a gene set using a multivariate linear regression model, where the correlation among the genes is explicitly modeled using a working covariance matrix. We develop TEGS (Test for the Effect of a Gene Set), a variance component test for the gene set effects by assuming a common distribution for regression coefficients in multivariate linear regression models, and calculate the p-values using permutation and a scaled chi-square approximation. We show using simulations that type I error is protected under different choices of working covariance matrices and power is improved as the working covariance approaches the true covariance. The global test is a special case of TEGS when correlation among genes in a gene set is ignored. Using both simulation data and a published diabetes dataset, we show that our test outperforms the commonly used approaches, the global test and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Conclusion We develop a gene set analyses method (TEGS) under the multivariate regression framework, which directly models the interdependence of the expression values in a gene set using a working covariance. TEGS outperforms two widely used methods, GSEA and global test in both simulation and a diabetes microarray data. PMID:23806107
Fuzzy Sets and Rough Sets: a Comparison through an Extension of Obtulowicz's Category
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
CHAKRABORTY Mihir Kumar
2010-01-01
@@ This paper is a purely mathematical one dealing with a common possible foundation of Fuzzy Set Theory and Rough Set Theory.It begins with a generalization of Obtulowicz's paper,rough sets and Heyting algebra valued sets,published in Bull.Polish Acad Sc.(math),198.In this paper Obtulowicz proposes a special subcategory of Higgs' Category and claims that a slightly modified version of Pawlak Rough Sets form the objects of this subcategory.
Measuring Language-Specific Phonetic Settings
Mennen, Ineke; Scobbie, James M.; de Leeuw, Esther; Schaeffler, Sonja; Schaeffler, Felix
2010-01-01
While it is well known that languages have different phonemes and phonologies, there is growing interest in the idea that languages may also differ in their "phonetic setting". The term "phonetic setting" refers to a tendency to make the vocal apparatus employ a language-specific habitual configuration. For example, languages may differ in their…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张雨兰
2011-01-01
CET-SET refers to the spoken English test affiliated to College English Test,Bands 4 and 6.It becomes a tool for assessing college students＇ English speaking ability.This essay mainly evaluates CET-SET in terms of test form,types,assessment and backwash e
An inclusion measure between fuzzy sets
Wang, Jing
2017-01-01
In this paper, we propose a new inclusion measure between fuzzy sets. Firstly, we select an axiomatic definition for the inclusion measure. Then, we present a new computation formula based on the selected axiomatic definition, and demonstrate its two properties. Finally, we give examples to validate its performance. The results show that the new inclusion measure is rational for fuzzy sets.
Set Constraints and Logic Programming (Preprint)
2016-02-24
Assoc Comput Sci Logic Springer September A Aiken D Kozen and E Wimmers Decidability of systems of set constraints with negative...Extensions of Logic Programming ELP volume of Lect Notes Articial Intell pages Springer February J Englefriet Tree... Springer September D Kozen Set constraints and logic programming abstract In JP Jouannaud editor Proc First Conf Constraints in
Second-order logic and set theory
J. Väänänen
2015-01-01
Both second-order logic and set theory can be used as a foundation for mathematics, that is, as a formal language in which propositions of mathematics can be expressed and proved. We take it upon ourselves in this paper to compare the two approaches, second-order logic on one hand and set theory on
Measuring Language-Specific Phonetic Settings
Mennen, Ineke; Scobbie, James M.; de Leeuw, Esther; Schaeffler, Sonja; Schaeffler, Felix
2010-01-01
While it is well known that languages have different phonemes and phonologies, there is growing interest in the idea that languages may also differ in their "phonetic setting". The term "phonetic setting" refers to a tendency to make the vocal apparatus employ a language-specific habitual configuration. For example, languages may differ in their…
Practice settings and dentists' job satisfaction.
Lo Sasso, Anthony T; Starkel, Rebecca L; Warren, Matthew N; Guay, Albert H; Vujicic, Marko
2015-08-01
The nature and organization of dental practice is changing. The aim of this study was to explore how job satisfaction among dentists is associated with dental practice setting. A survey measured satisfaction with income, benefits, hours worked, clinical autonomy, work-life balance, emotional exhaustion, and overall satisfaction among dentists working in large group, small group, and solo practice settings; 2,171 dentists responded. The authors used logistic regression to measure differences in reported levels of satisfaction across practice settings. Dentists working in small group settings reported the most satisfaction overall. Dentists working in large group settings reported more satisfaction with income and benefits than dentists in solo practice, as well as having the least stress. Findings suggest possible advantages and disadvantages of working in different types of practice settings. Dentists working in different practice settings reported differences in satisfaction. These results may help dentists decide which practice setting is best for them. Copyright © 2015 American Dental Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Bisimulation as congruence in the behavioral setting
Julius, A.A.; Schaft, A.J. van der
2005-01-01
We cast the notion of bisimulation in the Willems’ behavioral setting. We show that in this setting, bisimulation is also a congruence, as it is known in the field of concurrent processes. Bisimulation is a congruence means if A and A' are bisimilar systems, then A || B and A' || B are also bisimila
Set Theory and Arithmetic in Fuzzy Logic
Běhounek, L. (Libor); Haniková, Z. (Zuzana)
2015-01-01
This chapter offers a review of Petr Hájek’s contributions to first-order axiomatic theories in fuzzy logic (in particular, ZF-style fuzzy set theories, arithmetic with a fuzzy truth predicate, and fuzzy set theory with unrestricted comprehension schema). Generalizations of Hájek’s results in these areas to MTL as the background logic are presented and discussed.
Budget Setting Strategies for the Company's Divisions
Berg, M.; Brekelmans, R.C.M.; De Waegenaere, A.M.B.
1997-01-01
The paper deals with the issue of budget setting to the divisions of a company. The approach is quantitative in nature both in the formulation of the requirements for the set-budgets, as related to different general managerial objectives of interest, and in the modelling of the inherent uncertaintie
Fast Sparse Level Sets on Graphics Hardware
Jalba, Andrei C.; Laan, Wladimir J. van der; Roerdink, Jos B.T.M.
2013-01-01
The level-set method is one of the most popular techniques for capturing and tracking deformable interfaces. Although level sets have demonstrated great potential in visualization and computer graphics applications, such as surface editing and physically based modeling, their use for interactive sim
Metastrategies in large-scale bargaining settings
Hennes, D.; Jong, S. de; Tuyls, K.; Gal, Y.
2015-01-01
This article presents novel methods for representing and analyzing a special class of multiagent bargaining settings that feature multiple players, large action spaces, and a relationship among players' goals, tasks, and resources. We show how to reduce these interactions to a set of bilateral
Cost valuation in resource-poor settings.
Hutton, G.; Baltussen, R.M.P.M.
2005-01-01
Methods of cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) have largely been developed for application in Western country settings. Little attention has been paid to the methodological issues in cost valuation in resource-poor settings, where failing exchange rates and severe market distortions require further
Algebraic Structures Of Neutrosophic Soft Sets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Asim Hussain
2015-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we study the algebraic operations of neutrosophic soft sets and their basic properties associated with these opertaions. And also define the associativity and distributivity of these operations. We discusse different algebraic structures, such as monoids, semiring and lattices, of neutrosophic soft sets.
Ready, Set, Respect! GLSEN's Elementary School Toolkit
Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network (GLSEN), 2012
2012-01-01
"Ready, Set, Respect!" provides a set of tools to help elementary school educators ensure that all students feel safe and respected and develop respectful attitudes and behaviors. It is not a program to be followed but instead is designed to help educators prepare themselves for teaching about and modeling respect. The toolkit responds to…
Computational Unified Set Theory and Application
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhang Jiang; Li Xuewei; He Zhongxiong
2006-01-01
The computational unified set model (CUSM) as the latest progress of Unified Set theory is introduced in this paper. The model combines unified set theory, information granule, complex adaptive system and cognitive science to present a new approach to simulate the cognition of human beings that can be viewed as the evolutionary process through the automatic learning from data sets. The information granule, which is the unit of cognition in CUSM, can be synthesized and created by the basic operators. It also can form the granule network by linking with other granules. With the learning from database, the system can evolve under the pressure of selection. As the adaptive results, fuzzy sets, vague sets and rough sets, etc can emerge out spontaneously. The CUSM answers the question of the origin of the uncertainties in thinking process described by unified set theory, that is due to the emergent properties of a holistic system of multiple cognitive units. And also the CUSM creates a dynamic model that can adapt to the environment. As a result, the "closed world" limitation in machine learning may be broken. The paper also discusses the applications of CUSM in rules discovery, problem solving, clustering analysis and data mining etc. The main features of the model comparing with the classical approaches toward those problems are its adaptability, flexibility and robustness but not accuracy.
Lack of Set Theory Relevant Prerequisite Knowledge
Dogan-Dunlap, Hamide
2006-01-01
Many students struggle with college mathematics topics due to a lack of mastery of prerequisite knowledge. Set theory language is one such prerequisite for linear algebra courses. Many students' mistakes on linear algebra questions reveal a lack of mastery of set theory knowledge. This paper reports the findings of a qualitative analysis of a…
Cantorian Set Theory and Teaching Prospective Teachers
Narli, Serkan; Baser, Nes'e
2008-01-01
Infinity has contradictions arising from its nature. Since mind is actually adapted to finite realities attained by behaviors in space and time, when one starts to deal with real infinity, contradictions will arise. In particular, Cantorian Set Theory, for it involves the notion of "equivalence of a set to one of its proper subsets," causes…
Ontology-Based Geographic Data Set Integration
Uitermark, Harry T.; Oosterom, Peter J.M.; Mars, Nicolaas J.I.; Molenaar, Martien
1999-01-01
In order to develop a system to propagate updates we investigate the semantic and spatial relationships between independently produced geographic data sets of the same region (data set integration). The goal of this system is to reduce operator intervention in update operations between corresponding
Towards Spectral Geometry for Causal Sets
Yazdi, Yasaman K
2016-01-01
We show that the Feynman propagator (or the d'Alembertian) of a causal set contains the complete information about the causal set. Intuitively, this is because the Feynman propagator, being a correlator that decays with distance, provides a measure for the invariant distance between pairs of events. Further, we show that even the spectra alone (of the self-adjoint and anti-self-adjoint parts) of the propagator(s) and d'Alembertian already carry large amounts of geometric information about their causal set. This geometric information is basis independent and also gauge invariant in the sense that it is relabeling invariant (which is analogue to diffeomorphism invariance). We provide numerical evidence that the associated spectral distance between causal sets can serve as a measure for the geometric similarity between causal sets.
Priority setting in the REACH system.
Hansson, Sven Ove; Rudén, Christina
2006-04-01
Due to the large number of chemicals for which toxicological and ecotoxicological information is lacking, priority setting for data acquisition is a major concern in chemicals regulation. In the current European system, two administrative priority-setting criteria are used, namely novelty (i.e., time of market introduction) and production volume. In the proposed Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) system, the novelty criterion is no longer used, and production volume will be the main priority-setting criterion for testing requirements, supplemented in some cases with hazard indications obtained from QSAR modelling. This system for priority setting has severe weaknesses. In this paper we propose that a multicriteria system should be developed that includes at least three additional criteria: chemical properties, results from initial testing in a tiered system, and voluntary testing for which efficient incentives can be created. Toxicological and decision-theoretical research is needed to design testing systems with validated priority-setting mechanisms.
LEVEL SET METHODS BASED ON DISTANCE FUNCTION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王德军; 唐云; 于洪川; 唐泽圣
2003-01-01
Some basic problems on the level set methods were discussed, such as the method used to preserve the distance function, the existence and uniqueness of solution for the level set equations. The main contribution is to prove that in a neighborhood of the initial zero level set, the level set equations with the restriction of the distance function have a unique solution, which must be the signed distance function with respect to the evolving surface. Some skillful approaches were used: Noticing that any solution for the original equation was a distance function, the original level set equations were transformed into a simpler alternative form. Moreover, since the new system was not a classical one, the system was transforned into an ordinary one, for which the implicit function method was adopted.
Probabilistic Approach to Rough Set Theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Wojciech Ziarko
2006-01-01
The presentation introduces the basic ideas and investigates the probabilistic approach to rough set theory. The major aspects of the probabilistic approach to rough set theory to be explored during the presentation are: the probabilistic view of the approximation space, the probabilistic approximations of sets, as expressed via variable precision and Bayesian rough set models, and probabilistic dependencies between sets and multi-valued attributes, as expressed by the absolute certainty gain and expected certainty gain measures, respectively. The probabilis-tic dependency measures allow for representation of subtle stochastic associations between attributes. They also allow for more comprehensive evaluation of rules computed from data and for computation of attribute reduct, core and significance factors in probabilistic decision tables. It will be shown that the probabilistic dependency measure-based attribute reduction techniques are also extendible to hierarchies of decision tables. The presentation will include computational examples to illustrate pre-sented concepts and to indicate possible practical applications.
A Biordered Set Representation of Regular Semigroups
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Bing Jun YU; Mang XU
2005-01-01
In this paper, for an arbitrary regular biordered set E, by using biorder-isomorphisms between the ω-ideals of E, we construct a fundamental regular semigroup WE called NH-semigroup of E, whose idempotent biordered set is isomorphic to E. We prove further that WE can be used to give a new representation of general regular semigroups in the sense that, for any regular semigroup S with the idempotent biordered set isomorphic to E, there exists a homomorphism from S to WE whose kernel is the greatest idempotent-separating congruence on S and the image is a full symmetric subsemigroup of WE. Moreover, when E is a biordered set of a semilattice E0, WE is isomorphic to the Munn-semigroup TE0; and when E is the biordered set of a band B, WE is isomorphic to the Hall-semigroup WB.
Continuation of Sets of Constrained Orbit Segments
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Schilder, Frank; Brøns, Morten; Chamoun, George Chaouki;
Sets of constrained orbit segments of time continuous flows are collections of trajectories that represent a whole or parts of an invariant set. A non-trivial but simple example is a homoclinic orbit. A typical representation of this set consists of an equilibrium point of the flow and a trajectory...... that starts close and returns close to this fixed point within finite time. More complicated examples are hybrid periodic orbits of piecewise smooth systems or quasi-periodic invariant tori. Even though it is possible to define generalised two-point boundary value problems for computing sets of constrained...... orbit segments, this is very disadvantageous in practice. In this talk we will present an algorithm that allows the efficient continuation of sets of constrained orbit segments together with the solution of the full variational problem....
Rough sets: the classical and extended views
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZIARKO Wojciech
2008-01-01
The article is a comprehensive review of two major approaches to rough set theory: the classic rough setmodel introduced by Pawlak and the probabilistic approaches. The classic model is presented as a staging ground to the discussion of two varieties of the probabilistic approach, i.e. of the variable precision and Bayesian rough set models. Both of these models extend the classic model to deal with stochastic interactions while preserving the basicideas of the original rough set theory, such as set approximations, data dependencies, reducts etc. The probabilistic models are able to handle weaker data interactions than the classic model, thus extending the applicability of the rough set paradigm. The extended models are presented in considerable detail with some illustrative examples.
Cubical sets and the topological topos
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Spitters, Bas
2016-01-01
Coquand's cubical set model for homotopy type theory provides the basis for a computational interpretation of the univalence axiom and some higher inductive types, as implemented in the cubical proof assistant. This paper contributes to the understanding of this model. We make three contributions...... show that it can also be a target for cubical realization by showing that Coquand's cubical sets classify the geometric theory of flat distributive lattices. As a side result, we obtain a simplicial realization of a cubical set. 2. Using the internal `interval' in the topos of cubical sets, we...... construct a Moore path model of identity types. 3. We construct a premodel structure internally in the cubical type theory and hence on the fibrant objects in cubical sets....
The Decomposition of Fuzzy Sets for Vague Sets%Vague集的Fuzzy集分解
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
彭祖明
2012-01-01
Vague集作为Fuzzy集的扩展，将其分解成Fuzzy集是一个值得探讨的问题．定义了Vague集的Fuzzy截集和数与Vague集的运算，在探讨了相应性质的基础上，给出了Vague集的Fuzzy集分解定理并进行了证明．%problem number of fuzzy As vague sets are extension of fuzzy sets, the decomposition of a vague set into fuzzy sets is a worth exploring. In this paper, a new fuzzy cut-set of vague sets and an arithmetic about the of vague sets are defined and, based on a discussion of their properties, the decomposition theorem sets of vague sets is given and proved.
m-Polar fuzzy sets: an extension of bipolar fuzzy sets.
Chen, Juanjuan; Li, Shenggang; Ma, Shengquan; Wang, Xueping
2014-01-01
Recently, bipolar fuzzy sets have been studied and applied a bit enthusiastically and a bit increasingly. In this paper we prove that bipolar fuzzy sets and [0,1](2)-sets (which have been deeply studied) are actually cryptomorphic mathematical notions. Since researches or modelings on real world problems often involve multi-agent, multi-attribute, multi-object, multi-index, multi-polar information, uncertainty, or/and limit process, we put forward (or highlight) the notion of m-polar fuzzy set (actually, [0,1] (m)-set which can be seen as a generalization of bipolar fuzzy set, where m is an arbitrary ordinal number) and illustrate how many concepts have been defined based on bipolar fuzzy sets and many results which are related to these concepts can be generalized to the case of m-polar fuzzy sets. We also give examples to show how to apply m-polar fuzzy sets in real world problems.
Crossings and nestings in colored set partitions
Marberg, Eric
2012-01-01
Several years ago, Chen, Deng, Du, Stanley, and Yan introduced the notion of $k$-crossings and $k$-nestings for set partitions, and proved that the sizes of the largest $k$-crossings and $k$-nestings in the partitions of an $n$-set possess a symmetric joint distribution. The present work extends these results to $r$-colored set partitions, by which we mean set partitions whose arcs are labeled by an $r$-element set. A $k$-crossing or $k$-nesting in this context is a sequence or arcs, all with the same color, which form a $k$-crossing or $k$-nesting in the usual sense. To prove our extension, we produce a bijection from $r$-colored set partitions to certain sequences of $r$-partite partitions, which in the uncolored case specializes to a novel description of the map from set partitions to vacillating tableaux given by Chen et al. Among other applications, we explain how our construction implies recent results of Chen and Guo on colored matchings, and also an analogous symmetric joint distribution of crossings ...
Dermatome setting for autografts to cover INTEGRA.
Fang, P; Engrav, L H; Gibran, N S; Honari, S; Kiriluk, D B; Cole, J K; Fleckman, Philip; Heimbach, D M; Bauer, G J; Matsumura, H; Warner, P
2002-01-01
Using the INTEGRA Dermal Regeneration Template requires the outer silastic layer to be replaced with an autograft. We followed the manufacturer's directions for epidermal autografting and frequently obtained shredded, useless grafts, therefore, it seemed important to determine the proper dermatome setting. We evaluated dermatome settings from 0.002 to 0.012 inches. First, with feeler gauges, we verified the dermatome settings. Second, we harvested skin at various dermatome settings and measured the thickness histologically. We found that 1) the dermatome settings are reasonably accurate; 2) harvesting useful sheets at 0.002 and 0.004 inches is virtually impossible; 3) the variability of histologic graft thickness is enormous; and 4) a dermatome setting of 0.006 inches yields useful grafts. We no longer use the term epidermal autografting but rather ultrathin split-thickness grafting. To harvest these grafts, we now merely set the dermatome to 0.006 inches and make whatever midcourse corrections are necessary to obtain translucent grafts.
Spatial part-set cuing facilitation.
Kelley, Matthew R; Parasiuk, Yuri; Salgado-Benz, Jennifer; Crocco, Megan
2016-07-01
Cole, Reysen, and Kelley [2013. Part-set cuing facilitation for spatial information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 39, 1615-1620] reported robust part-set cuing facilitation for spatial information using snap circuits (a colour-coded electronics kit designed for children to create rudimentary circuit boards). In contrast, Drinkwater, Dagnall, and Parker [2006. Effects of part-set cuing on experienced and novice chess players' reconstruction of a typical chess midgame position. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 102(3), 645-653] and Watkins, Schwartz, and Lane [1984. Does part-set cuing test for memory organization? Evidence from reconstructions of chess positions. Canadian Journal of Psychology/Revue Canadienne de Psychologie, 38(3), 498-503] showed no influence of part-set cuing for spatial information when using chess boards. One key difference between the two procedures was that the snap circuit stimuli were explicitly connected to one another, whereas chess pieces were not. Two experiments examined the effects of connection type (connected vs. unconnected) and cue type (cued vs. uncued) on memory for spatial information. Using chess boards (Experiment 1) and snap circuits (Experiment 2), part-set cuing facilitation only occurred when the stimuli were explicitly connected; there was no influence of cuing with unconnected stimuli. These results are potentially consistent with the retrieval strategy disruption hypothesis, as well as the two- and three-mechanism accounts of part-set cuing.
Goal-setting in clinical medicine.
Bradley, E H; Bogardus, S T; Tinetti, M E; Inouye, S K
1999-07-01
The process of setting goals for medical care in the context of chronic disease has received little attention in the medical literature, despite the importance of goal-setting in the achievement of desired outcomes. Using qualitative research methods, this paper develops a theory of goal-setting in the care of patients with dementia. The theory posits several propositions. First, goals are generated from embedded values but are distinct from values. Goals vary based on specific circumstances and alternatives whereas values are person-specific and relatively stable in the face of changing circumstances. Second, goals are hierarchical in nature, with complex mappings between general and specific goals. Third, there are a number of factors that modify the goal-setting process, by affecting the generation of goals from values or the translation of general goals to specific goals. Modifying factors related to individuals include their degree of risk-taking, perceived self-efficacy, and acceptance of the disease. Disease factors that modify the goal-setting process include the urgency and irreversibility of the medical condition. Pertinent characteristics of the patient-family-clinician interaction include the level of participation, control, and trust among patients, family members, and clinicians. The research suggests that the goal-setting process in clinical medicine is complex, and the potential for disagreements regarding goals substantial. The nature of the goal-setting process suggests that explicit discussion of goals for care may be necessary to promote effective patient-family-clinician communication and adequate care planning.
UpSetR: an R package for the visualization of intersecting sets and their properties.
Conway, Jake R; Lex, Alexander; Gehlenborg, Nils
2017-09-15
Venn and Euler diagrams are a popular yet inadequate solution for quantitative visualization of set intersections. A scalable alternative to Venn and Euler diagrams for visualizing intersecting sets and their properties is needed. We developed UpSetR, an open source R package that employs a scalable matrix-based visualization to show intersections of sets, their size, and other properties. UpSetR is available at https://github.com/hms-dbmi/UpSetR/ and released under the MIT License. A Shiny app is available at https://gehlenborglab.shinyapps.io/upsetr/ . nils@hms.harvard.edu. Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.
Characterization of closed and robust fuzzy sets based on continuity of set-valued mappings
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Masamichi Kon
2015-11-01
Full Text Available In the present paper, closed and robust fuzzy sets on the $n$ dimensional Euclidean space $\\mathbb{R}^n$ are considered. The boundedness of their fuzzy sets are not assumed. Then, it is derived that there is a one-to-one correspondence between the class of all closed fuzzy sets and the class of all monotone decreasing left-continuous set-valued mappings, and that there is a one-to-one correspondence between the class of all robust fuzzy sets and the class of all monotone decreasing continuous set-valued mappings.
Bin Set 1 Calcine Retrieval Feasibility Study
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
R. D. Adams; S. M. Berry; K. J. Galloway; T. A. Langenwalter; D. A. Lopez; C. M. Noakes; H. K. Peterson; M. I. Pope; R. J. Turk
1999-10-01
At the Department of Energy's Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center, as an interim waste management measure, both mixed high-level liquid waste and sodium bearing waste have been solidified by a calculation process and are stored in the Calcine Solids Storage Facilities. This calcined product will eventually be treated to allow final disposal in a national geologic repository. The Calcine Solids Storage Facilities comprise seven ''bit sets.'' Bin Set 1, the first to be constructed, was completed in 1959, and has been in service since 1963. It is the only bin set that does not meet current safe-shutdown earthquake seismic criteria. In addition, it is the only bin set that lacks built-in features to aid in calcine retrieval. One option to alleviate the seismic compliance issue is to transport the calcine from Bin Set 1 to another bin set which has the required capacity and which is seismically qualified. This report studies the feasibility of retrieving the calcine from Bi n Set 1 and transporting it into Bin Set 6 which is located approximately 650 feet away. Because Bin Set 1 was not designed for calcine retrieval, and because of the high radiation levels and potential contamination spread from the calcined material, this is a challenging engineering task. This report presents preconceptual design studies for remotely-operated, low-density, pneumatic vacuum retrieval and transport systems and equipment that are based on past work performed by the Raytheon Engineers and Constructors architectural engineering firm. The designs presented are considered feasible; however, future development work will be needed in several areas during the subsequent conceptual design phase.
Introduction to set theory and topology
Kuratowski, Kazimierz; Stark, M
1972-01-01
Introduction to Set Theory and Topology describes the fundamental concepts of set theory and topology as well as its applicability to analysis, geometry, and other branches of mathematics, including algebra and probability theory. Concepts such as inverse limit, lattice, ideal, filter, commutative diagram, quotient-spaces, completely regular spaces, quasicomponents, and cartesian products of topological spaces are considered. This volume consists of 21 chapters organized into two sections and begins with an introduction to set theory, with emphasis on the propositional calculus and its applica
Scalar Field Green Functions on Causal Sets
Ahmed, S. Nomaan; Dowker, Fay; Surya, Sumati
2017-01-01
We examine the validity and scope of Johnston's models for scalar field retarded Green functions on causal sets in 2 and 4 dimensions. As in the continuum, the massive Green function can be obtained from the massless one, and hence the key task in causal set theory is to first identify the massless Green function. We propose that the 2-d model provides a Green function for the massive scalar field on causal sets approximated by any topologically trivial 2 dimensional spacetime. We explicitly ...
Isolated Word Recognition Using Fuzzy Set Theory.
1982-12-01
chapter. 19 III. Fuzzy Set Theory Introduction The concept of Fuzzy Set Theory was first introduced by Lofti A. Zadeh in 1965 (Ref 19). Since’then...New York: Plenum Press, 1980. 19. Zadeh , L. A. "Fuzzy Sets," Information and Control, 8: 338-353 (1965). A 20. Zadeh , L. A. "Toward a Theory of Fuzzy...Systems," Aspects of Network and Systems Theory. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1971. 21. Zadeh , L. A. "Outline of a New Approach to the
Minimum QOS Parameter Set in Transport Layer
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
汪芸; 顾冠群
1997-01-01
QOS（Quality Of Service)parameter definitions are the basis of further QOS control.But QOS parameters defined by organizations such as ISO and ITU are incoherent and incompatible.It leads to the imefficiency of QOS controls.Based on the analysis of QOS parameters defined by ISO and ITU,this paper first promotes Minimum QOS Parameter Set in transport layer.It demonstrates that the parameters defined by ISO and ITU can be represented b parameters or a combination of parameters of the Set.The paper also expounds that the Set is open and manageable and it can be the potential unified base for QOS parameters.
Rough Fuzzy Relation on Two Universal Sets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xuan Thao Nguyen
2014-03-01
Full Text Available Fuzzy set theory was introduced by L.A. Zadeh in 1965. Immediately, it has many applications in practice and in building databases, one of which is the construction of a fuzzy relational database based on similar relationship. The study of cases of fuzzy relations in different environments will help us understand its applications. In this paper, the rough fuzzy relation on Cartesian product of two universe sets is defined, and then the algebraic properties of them, such as the max, min, and composition of two rough fuzzy relations are examined. Finally, reflexive, α-reflexive, symmetric and transitive rough fuzzy relations on two universe sets are also defined.
Rough Sets, Their Extensions and Applications
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Qiang Shen; Richard Jensen
2007-01-01
Rough set theory provides a useful mathematical foundation for developing automated computational systems that can help understand and make use of imperfect knowledge. Despite its recency, the theory and its extensions have been widely applied to many problems, including decision analysis, data mining, intelligent control and pattern recognition. This paper presents an outline of the basic concepts of rough sets and their major extensions, covering variable precision, tolerance and fuzzy rough sets. It also shows the diversity of successful applications these theories have entailed, ranging from financial and business, through biological and medicine, to physical, art, and meteorological.
Rough set models of Physarum machines
Pancerz, Krzysztof; Schumann, Andrew
2015-04-01
In this paper, we consider transition system models of behaviour of Physarum machines in terms of rough set theory. A Physarum machine, a biological computing device implemented in the plasmodium of Physarum polycephalum (true slime mould), is a natural transition system. In the behaviour of Physarum machines, one can notice some ambiguity in Physarum motions that influences exact anticipation of states of machines in time. To model this ambiguity, we propose to use rough set models created over transition systems. Rough sets are an appropriate tool to deal with rough (ambiguous, imprecise) concepts in the universe of discourse.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Batra, Puneet; /Argonne; Dobrescu, Bogdan A.; /Fermilab; Spivak, David; /UC, Berkeley, Math. Dept.
2005-10-01
We present new techniques for finding anomaly-free sets of fermions. Although the anomaly cancellation conditions typically include cubic equations with integer variables that cannot be solved in general, we prove by construction that any chiral set of fermions can be embedded in a larger set of fermions which is chiral and anomaly-free. Applying these techniques to extensions of the Standard Model, we find anomaly-free models that have arbitrary quark and lepton charges under an additional U(1) gauge group.
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs II
Chernikov, Artem
2012-01-01
We continue investigating the structure of externally definable sets in NIP theories and preservation of NIP after expanding by new predicates. Most importantly: types over finite sets are uniformly definable; over a model, a family of non-forking instances of a formula (with parameters ranging over a type-definable set) can be covered with finitely many invariant types; we give some criteria for the boundedness of an expansion by a new predicate in a distal theory; naming an arbitrary small indiscernible sequence preserves NIP, while naming a large one doesn't; there are models of NIP theories over which all 1-types are definable, but not all n-types.
Finding overlapping communities using seed set
Yang, Jin-Xuan; Zhang, Xiao-Dong
2017-02-01
The local optimization algorithm using seed set to find overlapping communities has become more and more a significant method, but it is a great challenge how to choose a good seed set. In this paper, a new method is proposed to achieve the choice of candidate seed sets, and yields a new algorithm to find overlapping communities in complex networks. By testing in real world networks and synthetic networks, this method can successfully detect overlapping communities and outperform other state-of-the-art overlapping community detection methods.
An emerging action science of social settings.
Seidman, Edward
2012-09-01
Seymour B. Sarason's innovative ideas have influenced much of my work. These same ideas-in particular, his concepts of social settings, behavioral and programmatic regularities, and the universe of alternatives-also serve as the foundation for an action science of social settings. Questions regarding theory, measurement, intervention, and research design and data analysis are central to the development of this action science, and there have been recent innovations in each of these areas. However, future challenges remain for the field. We must continue to move forward to advance an action science of social settings and make a real difference in people's lives.
Batra, P; Spivak, D; Batra, Puneet; Dobrescu, Bogdan A.; Spivak, David
2006-01-01
We present new techniques for finding anomaly-free sets of fermions. Although the anomaly cancellation conditions typically include cubic equations with integer variables that cannot be solved in general, we prove by construction that any chiral set of fermions can be embedded in a larger set of fermions which is chiral and anomaly-free. Applying these techniques to extensions of the Standard Model, we find anomaly-free models that have arbitrary quark and lepton charges under an additional U(1) gauge group.
QUEST2: Sysdtem architecture deliverable set
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Braaten, F.D.
1995-02-27
This document contains the system architecture and related documents which were developed during the Preliminary Analysis/System Architecture phase of the Quality, Environmental, Safety T-racking System redesign (QUEST2) project. Each discreet document in this deliverable set applies to a analytic effort supporting the architectural model of QUEST2. The P+ methodology cites a list of P+ documents normally included in a ``typical`` system architecture. Some of these were deferred to the release development phase of the project. The documents included in this deliverable set represent the system architecture itself. Related to that architecture are some decision support documents which provided needed information for management reviews that occurred during April. Consequently, the deliverables in this set were logically grouped and provided to support customer requirements. The remaining System Architecture Phase deliverables will be provided as a ``Supporting Documents`` deliverable set for the first release.
Uniform Facility Data Set US (UFDS-1997)
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Uniform Facility Data Set (UFDS), formerly the National Drug and Alcohol Treatment Unit Survey or NDATUS, was designed to measure the scope and use of drug abuse...
Long Term Care Minimum Data Set (MDS)
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Long-Term Care Minimum Data Set (MDS) is a standardized, primary screening and assessment tool of health status that forms the foundation of the comprehensive...
Level sets of multiple ergodic averages
Ai-Hua, Fan; Ma, Ji-Hua
2011-01-01
We propose to study multiple ergodic averages from multifractal analysis point of view. In some special cases in the symbolic dynamics, Hausdorff dimensions of the level sets of multiple ergodic average limit are determined by using Riesz products.
Benchmark data set for wheat growth models
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Asseng, S; Ewert, F.; Martre, P;
2015-01-01
The data set includes a current representative management treatment from detailed, quality-tested sentinel field experiments with wheat from four contrasting environments including Australia, The Netherlands, India and Argentina. Measurements include local daily climate data (solar radiation, max...
Teaching Nursing Research Using Large Data Sets.
Brosnan, Christine A.; Eriksen, Lillian R.; Lin, Yu-Feng
2002-01-01
Describes a process for teaching nursing research via secondary analysis of data sets from the National Center for Health Statistics. Addresses advantages, potential problems and limitations, guidelines for students, and evaluation methods. (Contains 32 references.) (SK)
A Lagrangian particle level set method
Hieber, Simone E.; Koumoutsakos, Petros
2005-11-01
We present a novel particle level set method for capturing interfaces. The level set equation is solved in a Lagrangian frame using particles that carry the level set information. A key aspect of the method involves a consistent remeshing procedure for the regularization of the particle locations when the particle map gets distorted by the advection field. The Lagrangian description of the level set method is inherently adaptive and exact in the case of solid body motions. The efficiency and accuracy of the method is demonstrated in several benchmark problems in two and three dimensions involving pure advection and curvature induced motion of the interface. The simplicity of the particle description is shown to be well suited for real time simulations of surfaces involving cutting and reconnection as in virtual surgery environments.
INERTIA SETS OF SYMMETRIC SIGN PATTERN MATRICES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
A sign pattern matrix is a matrixwhose entries are from the set {+ ,- ,0}. The symmetric sign pattern matrices that require unique inertia have recently been characterized. The purpose of this paper is to more generally investigate the inertia sets of symmetric sign pattern matrices. In particular, nonnegative fri-diagonal sign patterns and the square sign pattern with all + entries are examined. An algorithm is given for generating nonnegative real symmetric Toeplitz matrices with zero diagonal of orders n≥3 which have exactly two negative eigenvalues. The inertia set of the square pattern with all + off-diagonal entries and zero diagonal entries is then analyzed. The types of inertias which can be in the inertia set of any sign pattern are also obtained in the paper. Specifically, certain compatibility and consecutiveness properties are established.
Long Term Care Minimum Data Set (MDS)
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Long-Term Care Minimum Data Set (MDS) is a standardized, primary screening and assessment tool of health status that forms the foundation of the comprehensive...
Interlaboratory Collaborations in the Undergraduate Setting
Megehee, Elise G.; Hyslop, Alison G.; Rosso, Richard J.
2005-01-01
A novel approach to cross-disciplinary and group learning, known as interlaboratory collaborations, was developed. The method mimics an industrial or research setting, fosters teamwork, and emphasizes the importance of good communication skills in the sciences.
Large Pelagic Logbook Set Survey (Vessels)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains catch and effort for fishing trips that are taken by vessels with a Federal permit issued for the swordfish and sharks under the Highly...
Set theory exploring independence and truth
Schindler, Ralf
2014-01-01
This textbook gives an introduction to axiomatic set theory and examines the prominent questions that are relevant in current research in a manner that is accessible to students. Its main theme is the interplay of large cardinals, inner models, forcing, and descriptive set theory. The following topics are covered: • Forcing and constructability • The Solovay-Shelah Theorem i.e. the equiconsistency of ‘every set of reals is Lebesgue measurable’ with one inaccessible cardinal • Fine structure theory and a modern approach to sharps • Jensen’s Covering Lemma • The equivalence of analytic determinacy with sharps • The theory of extenders and iteration trees • A proof of projective determinacy from Woodin cardinals. Set Theory requires only a basic knowledge of mathematical logic and will be suitable for advanced students and researchers.
Systematization of a set of closure techniques.
Hausken, Kjell; Moxnes, John F
2011-11-01
Approximations in population dynamics are gaining popularity since stochastic models in large populations are time consuming even on a computer. Stochastic modeling causes an infinite set of ordinary differential equations for the moments. Closure models are useful since they recast this infinite set into a finite set of ordinary differential equations. This paper systematizes a set of closure approximations. We develop a system, which we call a power p closure of n moments, where 0≤p≤n. Keeling's (2000a,b) approximation with third order moments is shown to be an instantiation of this system which we call a power 3 closure of 3 moments. We present an epidemiological example and evaluate the system for third and fourth moments compared with Monte Carlo simulations.
Spin foam models as energetic causal sets
Cortês, Marina
2014-01-01
Energetic causal sets are causal sets endowed by a flow of energy-momentum between causally related events. These incorporate a novel mechanism for the emergence of space-time from causal relations. Here we construct a spin foam model which is also an energetic causal set model. This model is closely related to the model introduced by Wieland, and this construction makes use of results used there. What makes a spin foam model also an energetic causal set is Wieland's identification of new momenta, conserved at events (or four-simplices), whose norms are not mass, but the volume of tetrahedra. This realizes the torsion constraints, which are missing in previous spin foam models, and are needed to relate the connection dynamics to those of the metric, as in general relativity. This identification makes it possible to apply the new mechanism for the emergence of space-time to a spin foam model.
Distances and similarities in intuitionistic fuzzy sets
Szmidt, Eulalia
2014-01-01
This book presents the state-of-the-art in theory and practice regarding similarity and distance measures for intuitionistic fuzzy sets. Quantifying similarity and distances is crucial for many applications, e.g. data mining, machine learning, decision making, and control. The work provides readers with a comprehensive set of theoretical concepts and practical tools for both defining and determining similarity between intuitionistic fuzzy sets. It describes an automatic algorithm for deriving intuitionistic fuzzy sets from data, which can aid in the analysis of information in large databases. The book also discusses other important applications, e.g. the use of similarity measures to evaluate the extent of agreement between experts in the context of decision making.
2010 Federal STEM Education Inventory Data Set
Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the President — This data set provides information for STEM education (pre-kindergarten through graduate) investments funded by Federal agencies at the level of $300,000 or above.
On Fuzzy Sets: Reply to Cerny.
Robertson, Stephen E.
1979-01-01
Responds to Barbara A. Cerny's reaction to Robinson's article on the role of fuzzy set theory in information science, addressing Cerny's points about probability theory and statistical uncertainty. (FM)
Uniform Facility Data Set US (UFDS-1998)
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Uniform Facility Data Set (UFDS) was designed to measure the scope and use of drug abuse treatment services in the United States. The survey collects information...
On Some Proximity Problems of Colored Sets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
范成林; 罗军; 王文成; 钟发荣; 朱滨海
2014-01-01
The maximum diameter color-spanning set problem (MaxDCS) is defined as follows: given n points with m colors, select m points with m distinct colors such that the diameter of the set of chosen points is maximized. In this paper, we design an optimal O(n log n) time algorithm using rotating calipers for MaxDCS in the plane. Our algorithm can also be used to solve the maximum diameter problem of imprecise points modeled as polygons. We also give an optimal algorithm for the all farthest foreign neighbor problem (AFFN) in the plane, and propose algorithms to answer the farthest foreign neighbor query (FFNQ) of colored sets in two- and three-dimensional space. Furthermore, we study the problem of computing the closest pair of color-spanning set (CPCS) in d-dimensional space, and remove the log m factor in the best known time bound if d is a constant.
Backdoors to Tractable Answer-Set Programming
Fichte, Johannes Klaus
2011-01-01
We present a unifying approach to the efficient evaluation of propositional answer-set programs. Our approach is based on backdoors which are small sets of atoms that represent "clever reasoning shortcuts" through the search space. The concept of backdoors is widely used in the areas of propositional satisfiability and constraint satisfaction. We show how this concept can be adapted to the nonmonotonic setting and how it allows to augment various known tractable subproblems, such as the evaluation of Horn and acyclic programs. In order to use backdoors we need to find them first. We utilize recent advances in fixed-parameter algorithmics to detect small backdoors. This implies fixed-parameter tractability of the evaluation of propositional answer-set programs, parameterized by the size of backdoors. Hence backdoor size provides a structural parameter similar to the treewidth parameter previously considered. We show that backdoor size and treewidth are incomparable, hence there are instances that are hard for ...
Health Outcomes Survey - Limited Data Set
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Medicare Health Outcomes Survey (HOS) limited data sets (LDS) are comprised of the entire national sample for a given 2-year cohort (including both respondents...
Center for Corporate Climate Leadership Goal Setting
EPA provides tools and recognition for companies setting aggressive GHG reduction goals, which can galvanize reduction efforts at a company and often leads to the identification of many additional reduction opportunities.
SIS - Species and Stock Administrative Data Set
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Species and Stock Administrative data set within the Species Information System (SIS) defines entities within the database that serve as the basis for recording...
The problem of convexity of Chebyshev sets
Balaganskii, V. S.; Vlasov, L. P.
1996-12-01
Contents Introduction §1. Definitions and notation §2. Reference theorems §3. Some results Chapter I. Characterization of Banach spaces by means of the relations between approximation properties of sets §1. Existence, uniqueness §2. Prom approximate compactness to 'sun'-property §3. From 'sun'-property to approximate compactness §4. Differentiability in the direction of the gradient is sufficient for Fréchet and Gâteaux differentiability §5. Sets with convex complement Chapter II. The structure of Chebyshev and related sets §1. The isolated point method §2. Restrictions of the type \\vert\\overline{W}\\vert Klee (discrete Chebyshev set) §4. A survey of some other results Conclusion Bibliography
Symmetry Breaking for Answer Set Programming
Drescher, Christian
2010-01-01
In the context of answer set programming, this work investigates symmetry detection and symmetry breaking to eliminate symmetric parts of the search space and, thereby, simplify the solution process. We contribute a reduction of symmetry detection to a graph automorphism problem which allows to extract symmetries of a logic program from the symmetries of the constructed coloured graph. We also propose an encoding of symmetry-breaking constraints in terms of permutation cycles and use only generators in this process which implicitly represent symmetries and always with exponential compression. These ideas are formulated as preprocessing and implemented in a completely automated flow that first detects symmetries from a given answer set program, adds symmetry-breaking constraints, and can be applied to any existing answer set solver. We demonstrate computational impact on benchmarks versus direct application of the solver. Furthermore, we explore symmetry breaking for answer set programming in two domains: firs...
General Information about MRSA in Healthcare Settings
... patient threat, a CDC study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine showed that invasive (life-threatening) MRSA infections in healthcare settings are declining. ...
The Scalar Curvature of a Causal Set
Benincasa, Dionigi M T
2010-01-01
A one parameter family of retarded linear operators on scalar fields on causal sets is introduced. When the causal set is well-approximated by 4 dimensional Minkowski spacetime, the operators are Lorentz invariant but nonlocal, are parametrised by the scale of the nonlocality and approximate the continuum scalar D'Alembertian, $\\Box$, when acting on fields that vary slowly on the nonlocality scale. The same operators can be applied to scalar fields on causal sets which are well-approximated by curved spacetimes in which case they approximate $\\Box - {{1/2}}R$ where $R$ is the Ricci scalar curvature. This can used to define an approximately local action functional for causal sets.
Switched Systems With Multiple Invariant Sets
2015-05-06
Motor Control Mode Figure 1: Schematic of mode switching with non-equilibrium limit sets. with σ = 1. For a positive rate of convergence λ > 0, it...while utilizing steady-state control strategies for static balancing or tasks requiring fine motor control . Mode-switching also implicates a large...Switched Systems With Multiple Invariant SetsI Michael Dorothy, Soon-Jo Chung∗ Department of Aerospace Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana
Boolean computation of optimum hitting sets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hulme, B.L.; Baca, L.S.; Shiver, A.W.; Worrell, R.B.
1984-04-01
This report presents the results of computational experience in solving weighted hitting set problems by Boolean algebraic methods. The feasible solutions are obtained by Boolean formula manipulations, and the optimum solutions are obtained by comparing the weight sums of the feasible solutions. Both the algebra and the optimization can be accomplished using the SETS language. One application is to physical protection problems. 8 references, 2 tables.
Set Reconciliation in Two Rounds of Communication
2014-06-01
Communications,%and%Information%Networks% Alternate%Topic%2:% Modeling %and%Simulation% Name%of%Author(s):%Ryan%Gabrys%and%Ayodeji%Coker% POC%Name:%Ryan...STACS, 1990. [12] Y. Minsky and A. Trachtenberg, “Practical set reconciliation,” Tech. Rep., Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering...Boston Uni- versity, 2002. [13] Y. Minsky , A. Trachtenberg, R. Zippel, “Set reconciliation with nearly optimal communication complexity,” IEEE Trans
Agenda Setting and Reciprocal Vote Trading
Urs Fischbacher; Simeon Schudy
2010-01-01
We study the implications of reciprocity on agenda setting in a sequential policy decision. We designed a laboratory experiment in which a committee decides sequentially on three independent bills. Selfish committee members would turn down all bills but reCiprocity allows for implicit vote trading. This mechanism gives power to agenda setters. We find that agenda setters use their power when setting the agenda but are rather generous in the voting decision. Legislators benefiting from the cho...
Accurate Topological Measures for Rough Sets
2015-01-01
Data granulation is considered a good tool of decision making in various types of real life applications. The basic ideas of data granulation have appeared in many fields, such as interval analysis, quantization, rough set theory, Dempster-Shafer theory of belief functions, divide and conquer, cluster analysis, machine learning, databases, information retrieval, and many others. Some new topological tools for data granulation using rough set approximations are initiated. Moreover, some topolo...
Intelligent Classification in Huge Heterogeneous Data Sets
2015-06-01
INTELLIGENT CLASSIFICATION IN HUGE HETEROGENEOUS DATA SETS JUNE 2015 FINAL TECHNICAL REPORT APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED...To) JUL 2013 – APR 2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE INTELLIGENT CLASSIFICATION IN HUGE HETEROGENEOUS DATA SETS 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER IN-HOUSE 5b. GRANT...signals and through data dimension reduction, and to develop and tailor algorithms for the extraction of intelligence from several huge heterogeneous
Setting Priorities Personal Values, Organizational Results
(CCL), Center for Creative Leadership
2011-01-01
To be a successful leader, you need to get results. To get results, you need to set priorities. This book can help you do a better job of setting priorities, recognizing the personal values that motivate your decision making, the probable trade-offs and consequences of your decisions, and the importance of aligning your priorities with your organization's expectations. In this way you can successfully meet organizational objectives and consistently produce results.
Poster Abstract: Towards NILM for Industrial Settings
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Holmegaard, Emil; Kjærgaard, Mikkel Baun
2015-01-01
Industry consumes a large share of the worldwide electricity consumption. Disaggregated information about electricity consumption enables better decision-making and feedback tools to optimize electricity consumption. In industrial settings electricity loads consist of a variety of equipment, which...... consumption for six months, at an industrial site. In this poster abstract we provide initial results for how industrial equipment challenge NILM algorithms. These results thereby open up for evaluating the use of NILM in industrial settings....
The boundary of the chronology violating set
Minguzzi, E
2016-01-01
A sufficiently general definition for the future and past boundaries of the chronology violating region is given. In comparison to previous studies, this work does not assume that the complement of the chronology violating set is globally hyperbolic. The boundary of the chronology violating set is studied and several propositions are obtained which confirm the reasonability of the definition. Some singularity theorems related to chronology violation are considered.
Confidence Sets for a Change-Point.
1986-10-01
probability credible set for j. In fact, even without the explicit evaluation in (1), one knows from a general theorem of Stein (1965) and Hora and...confidence sets with smallest expected measure, Ann. Statist. , 10, 1283-94. Hora , R. B. and Buehler, R. J. (1966), Fiducial theory and invariant...simple cumulative sum type statistic for the change-point problem -’-"C with zero -one observations, Biometrika 67, 79-84. Raferty, A. E. and Akman, V
Computational Topology for Regular Closed Sets
project, The I-TANGO; :; Peters, T J; Bisceglio, J.; Ferguson, D. R.; Hoffmann, C.M.; Maekawa, T.; Patrikalakis, N.M.; Sakkalis, T.; N F Stewart
2004-01-01
The Boolean algebra of regular closed sets is prominent in topology, particularly as a dual for the Stone-Cech compactification. This algebra is also central for the theory of geometric computation, as a representation for combinatorial operations on geometric sets. However, the issue of computational approximation introduces unresolved subtleties that do not occur within "pure" topology. One major effort towards reconciling this mathematical theory with computational practice is our ongoing ...
Canonical Sets of Best L1-Approximation
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dimiter Dryanov
2012-01-01
Full Text Available In mathematics, the term approximation usually means either interpolation on a point set or approximation with respect to a given distance. There is a concept, which joins the two approaches together, and this is the concept of characterization of the best approximants via interpolation. It turns out that for some large classes of functions the best approximants with respect to a certain distance can be constructed by interpolation on a point set that does not depend on the choice of the function to be approximated. Such point sets are called canonical sets of best approximation. The present paper summarizes results on canonical sets of best L1-approximation with emphasis on multivariate interpolation and best L1-approximation by blending functions. The best L1-approximants are characterized as transfinite interpolants on canonical sets. The notion of a Haar-Chebyshev system in the multivariate case is discussed also. In this context, it is shown that some multivariate interpolation spaces share properties of univariate Haar-Chebyshev systems. We study also the problem of best one-sided multivariate L1-approximation by sums of univariate functions. Explicit constructions of best one-sided L1-approximants give rise to well-known and new inequalities.
Automated Experiments on Ad Privacy Settings
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Datta Amit
2015-04-01
Full Text Available To partly address people’s concerns over web tracking, Google has created the Ad Settings webpage to provide information about and some choice over the profiles Google creates on users. We present AdFisher, an automated tool that explores how user behaviors, Google’s ads, and Ad Settings interact. AdFisher can run browser-based experiments and analyze data using machine learning and significance tests. Our tool uses a rigorous experimental design and statistical analysis to ensure the statistical soundness of our results. We use AdFisher to find that the Ad Settings was opaque about some features of a user’s profile, that it does provide some choice on ads, and that these choices can lead to seemingly discriminatory ads. In particular, we found that visiting webpages associated with substance abuse changed the ads shown but not the settings page. We also found that setting the gender to female resulted in getting fewer instances of an ad related to high paying jobs than setting it to male. We cannot determine who caused these findings due to our limited visibility into the ad ecosystem, which includes Google, advertisers, websites, and users. Nevertheless, these results can form the starting point for deeper investigations by either the companies themselves or by regulatory bodies.
Self-Setting Calcium Orthophosphate Formulations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sergey V. Dorozhkin
2013-11-01
Full Text Available In early 1980s, researchers discovered self-setting calcium orthophosphate cements, which are bioactive and biodegradable grafting bioceramics in the form of a powder and a liquid. After mixing, both phases form pastes, which set and harden forming either a non-stoichiometric calcium deficient hydroxyapatite or brushite. Since both of them are remarkably biocompartible, bioresorbable and osteoconductive, self-setting calcium orthophosphate formulations appear to be promising bioceramics for bone grafting. Furthermore, such formulations possess excellent molding capabilities, easy manipulation and nearly perfect adaptation to the complex shapes of bone defects, followed by gradual bioresorption and new bone formation. In addition, reinforced formulations have been introduced, which might be described as calcium orthophosphate concretes. The discovery of self-setting properties opened up a new era in the medical application of calcium orthophosphates and many commercial trademarks have been introduced as a result. Currently such formulations are widely used as synthetic bone grafts, with several advantages, such as pourability and injectability. Moreover, their low-temperature setting reactions and intrinsic porosity allow loading by drugs, biomolecules and even cells for tissue engineering purposes. In this review, an insight into the self-setting calcium orthophosphate formulations, as excellent bioceramics suitable for both dental and bone grafting applications, has been provided.
PARTITIONING A GRAPH INTO MONOPOLY SETS
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
AHMED MOHAMMED NAJI
2017-06-01
Full Text Available In a graph G = (V, E, a subset M of V (G is said to be a monopoly set of G if every vertex v ∈ V - M has, at least, d(v/ 2 neighbors in M. The monopoly size of G, denoted by mo(G, is the minimum cardinality of a monopoly set. In this paper, we study the problem of partitioning V (G into monopoly sets. An M-partition of a graph G is the partition of V (G into k disjoint monopoly sets. The monatic number of G, denoted by μ(G, is the maximum number of sets in M-partition of G. It is shown that 2 ≤ μ(G ≤ 3 for every graph G without isolated vertices. The properties of each monopoly partite set of G are presented. Moreover, the properties of all graphs G having μ(G = 3, are presented. It is shown that every graph G having μ(G = 3 is Eulerian and have χ (G ≤ 3. Finally, it is shown that for every integer k which is different from {1, 2, 4}, there exists a graph G of order n = k having μ(G = 3.
Entanglement Entropy in Causal Set Theory
Sorkin, Rafael D
2016-01-01
Entanglement entropy is now widely accepted as having deep connections with quantum gravity. It is therefore desirable to understand it in the context of causal sets, especially since they provide in a natural manner the UV cutoff needed to render entanglement entropy finite. Defining entropy in a causal set is not straightforward because the type of canonical hypersurface-data on which definitions of entanglement typically rely is not available in a causal set. Instead, we will appeal to a more global expression given in arXiv:1205.2953 which, for a gaussian scalar field, expresses the entropy of a spacetime region in terms of the field's correlation function within that region. Carrying this formula over to the causal set, one obtains an entanglement entropy which is both finite and of a Lorentz invariant nature. Herein we evaluate this entropy for causal sets of 1+1 dimensions, and specifically for order-intervals ("causal diamonds") within the causal set, finding in the first instance an entropy that obey...
Set oriented languages and program transformations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Philippe Facon
1988-11-01
Full Text Available Set constructs and notations provide in many areas an unprecedented expressive power. Sets are nevertheless almost non-existent in most programming languages since they don't have a general-purpose efficient enough representation. Only global transformations, taking into account the context of set constructs and operations may provide a reasonable efficiency. After a brief survey of existing Set Oriented Languages, we present recent developments taking place at New York University concerning SETL and its successors, especially fixed-point specifications, elimination of repetitive evaluations by finite differencing and elimination of associative access costs by an appropriate Data Structure Selection for implementing sets. In this framework we present two original contributions: the first one concerns a rewrite operator on sets for dealing with fixed points of some non-monotonic transformations. The second one concerns Data Structure Selection and how we have extended and reformulated its mechanism as a special kind of type inference,relatively easily implemented in Prolog.
Early Childhood Settings and Funded Two-Year-Old Children: Experiences from Four Settings in England
Phair, Heleanna; Davis, Geraldine
2015-01-01
In 2013 funding was introduced to support disadvantaged two-year-old children to attend early childhood settings in England. This study explores the experiences of four early childhood settings as they worked with these funded children for the first time. Using interviews and observations within the settings, findings demonstrate some adjustment…
Entire functions whose Julia sets include any finitely many copies of quadratic Julia sets
Katagata, Koh
2017-06-01
We prove that for any finite collection of quadratic Julia sets, a polynomial and a transcendental entire function exist whose Julia sets include copies of the given quadratic Julia sets. In order to prove the result, we construct quasiregular maps with required dynamics and employ the quasiconformal surgery to obtain the desired functions.
How Settings Change People: Applying Behavior Setting Theory to Consumer-Run Organizations
Brown, Louis D.; Shepherd, Matthew D.; Wituk, Scott A.; Meissen, Greg
2007-01-01
Self-help initiatives stand as a classic context for organizational studies in community psychology. Behavior setting theory stands as a classic conception of organizations and the environment. This study explores both, applying behavior setting theory to consumer-run organizations (CROs). Analysis of multiple data sets from all CROs in Kansas…
How Settings Change People: Applying Behavior Setting Theory to Consumer-Run Organizations
Brown, Louis D.; Shepherd, Matthew D.; Wituk, Scott A.; Meissen, Greg
2007-01-01
Self-help initiatives stand as a classic context for organizational studies in community psychology. Behavior setting theory stands as a classic conception of organizations and the environment. This study explores both, applying behavior setting theory to consumer-run organizations (CROs). Analysis of multiple data sets from all CROs in Kansas…
Heyde, Frank; Löhne, Andreas; Rudloff, Birgit; Schrage, Carola
2015-01-01
This volume presents five surveys with extensive bibliographies and six original contributions on set optimization and its applications in mathematical finance and game theory. The topics range from more conventional approaches that look for minimal/maximal elements with respect to vector orders or set relations, to the new complete-lattice approach that comprises a coherent solution concept for set optimization problems, along with existence results, duality theorems, optimality conditions, variational inequalities and theoretical foundations for algorithms. Modern approaches to scalarization methods can be found as well as a fundamental contribution to conditional analysis. The theory is tailor-made for financial applications, in particular risk evaluation and [super-]hedging for market models with transaction costs, but it also provides a refreshing new perspective on vector optimization. There is no comparable volume on the market, making the book an invaluable resource for researchers working in vector o...
Function S-Rough sets and its applications
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Cui Yuquan; Shi Kaiquan
2006-01-01
Based on S-rough sets(singular rough sets), this paper presents function S-rough sets (function singular rough sets)and its mathematical structures and features. Function S-rough sets has two forms: function one direction S-rough sets (function one direction singular rough sets) and function two direction S-rough sets (function two direction singular rough sets). This paper advances the relationship theorem of function S-rough sets and S-rough sets. Function S-rough sets is the general form of S-rough sets, and S-rough sets is the special case of function Srough sets. In this paper, applications of function S-rough sets in rough law mining-discovery of system are given. Function S-rough sets is a new research direction of rough sets and rough system.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rossi, Tuomas P., E-mail: tuomas.rossi@alumni.aalto.fi; Sakko, Arto; Puska, Martti J. [COMP Centre of Excellence, Department of Applied Physics, Aalto University School of Science, P.O. Box 11100, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Lehtola, Susi, E-mail: susi.lehtola@alumni.helsinki.fi [COMP Centre of Excellence, Department of Applied Physics, Aalto University School of Science, P.O. Box 11100, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States); Nieminen, Risto M. [COMP Centre of Excellence, Department of Applied Physics, Aalto University School of Science, P.O. Box 11100, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland); Dean’s Office, Aalto University School of Science, P.O. Box 11000, FI-00076 Aalto (Finland)
2015-03-07
We present an approach for generating local numerical basis sets of improving accuracy for first-principles nanoplasmonics simulations within time-dependent density functional theory. The method is demonstrated for copper, silver, and gold nanoparticles that are of experimental interest but computationally demanding due to the semi-core d-electrons that affect their plasmonic response. The basis sets are constructed by augmenting numerical atomic orbital basis sets by truncated Gaussian-type orbitals generated by the completeness-optimization scheme, which is applied to the photoabsorption spectra of homoatomic metal atom dimers. We obtain basis sets of improving accuracy up to the complete basis set limit and demonstrate that the performance of the basis sets transfers to simulations of larger nanoparticles and nanoalloys as well as to calculations with various exchange-correlation functionals. This work promotes the use of the local basis set approach of controllable accuracy in first-principles nanoplasmonics simulations and beyond.
A Maximum Resonant Set of Polyomino Graphs
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Zhang Heping
2016-05-01
Full Text Available A polyomino graph P is a connected finite subgraph of the infinite plane grid such that each finite face is surrounded by a regular square of side length one and each edge belongs to at least one square. A dimer covering of P corresponds to a perfect matching. Different dimer coverings can interact via an alternating cycle (or square with respect to them. A set of disjoint squares of P is a resonant set if P has a perfect matching M so that each one of those squares is M-alternating. In this paper, we show that if K is a maximum resonant set of P, then P − K has a unique perfect matching. We further prove that the maximum forcing number of a polyomino graph is equal to the cardinality of a maximum resonant set. This confirms a conjecture of Xu et al. [26]. We also show that if K is a maximal alternating set of P, then P − K has a unique perfect matching.
Robust level set method for computer vision
Si, Jia-rui; Li, Xiao-pei; Zhang, Hong-wei
2005-12-01
Level set method provides powerful numerical techniques for analyzing and solving interface evolution problems based on partial differential equations. It is particularly appropriate for image segmentation and other computer vision tasks. However, there exists noise in every image and the noise is the main obstacle to image segmentation. In level set method, the propagation fronts are apt to leak through the gaps at locations of missing or fuzzy boundaries that are caused by noise. The robust level set method proposed in this paper is based on the adaptive Gaussian filter. The fast marching method provides a fast implementation for level set method and the adaptive Gaussian filter can adapt itself to the local characteristics of an image by adjusting its variance. Thus, the different parts of an image can be smoothed in different way according to the degree of noisiness and the type of edges. Experiments results demonstrate that the adaptive Gaussian filter can greatly reduce the noise without distorting the image and made the level set methods more robust and accurate.
Alliance Free and Alliance Cover Sets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Juan Alberto RODRIGUEZ-VELAZQUEZ; José María SIGARRETA; Ismael GONZALEZ YERO; Sergio BERMUDO
2011-01-01
A defensive (offensive) k-alliance in T = (V, E) is a set S (∪) V such that every v in S (in the boundary of S) has at least k more neighbors in S than it has in V \\ S. A set X (∪) V is defensive (offensive) k-alliance free, if for all defensive (offensive) k-alliance S, S\\X ≠ φ, i.e., X does not contain any defensive (offensive) k-alliance as a subset. A set Y (∪) V is a defensive (offensive) k-alliance cover,if for all defensive (offensive) k-alliance S, S ∩ Y ≠ φ, i.e., Y contains at least one vertex from each defensive (offensive) k-alliance of T. In this paper we show several mathematical properties of defensive (offensive) k-alliance free sets and defensive (offensive) k-alliance cover sets, including tight bounds on their cardinality.
Automatic Generation of Validated Specific Epitope Sets
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Sebastian Carrasco Pro
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Accurate measurement of B and T cell responses is a valuable tool to study autoimmunity, allergies, immunity to pathogens, and host-pathogen interactions and assist in the design and evaluation of T cell vaccines and immunotherapies. In this context, it is desirable to elucidate a method to select validated reference sets of epitopes to allow detection of T and B cells. However, the ever-growing information contained in the Immune Epitope Database (IEDB and the differences in quality and subjects studied between epitope assays make this task complicated. In this study, we develop a novel method to automatically select reference epitope sets according to a categorization system employed by the IEDB. From the sets generated, three epitope sets (EBV, mycobacteria and dengue were experimentally validated by detection of T cell reactivity ex vivo from human donors. Furthermore, a web application that will potentially be implemented in the IEDB was created to allow users the capacity to generate customized epitope sets.
GOMOS bright limb ozone data set
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S. Tukiainen
2015-01-01
Full Text Available We have created a daytime ozone profile data set from the measurements of the Global Ozone Monitoring by Occultation of Stars (GOMOS instrument on board the Envisat satellite. This so-called GOMOS bright limb (GBL data set contains ~ 358 000 stratospheric daytime ozone profiles measured by GOMOS in 2002–2012. The GBL data set complements the widely used GOMOS night-time data based on stellar occultation measurements. The GBL data set is based on the GOMOS daytime occultations but instead of the transmitted star light, we use limb scattered solar light. The ozone profiles retrieved from these radiance spectra cover 18–60 km tangent height range and have approximately 2–3 km vertical resolution. We show that these profiles are generally in better than 10% agreement with the NDACC (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change ozone sounding profiles and with the GOMOS night-time, MLS (Microwave Limb Sounder, and OSIRIS (Optical Spectrograph, and InfraRed Imaging System satellite measurements. However, there is a 10–13% negative bias at 40 km tangent height and a 10–50% positive bias at 50 km when the solar zenith angle > 75°. These biases are most likely caused by stray light which is difficult to characterize and remove entirely from the measured spectra. Nevertheless, the GBL data set approximately doubles the amount of useful GOMOS ozone profiles and improves coverage of the summer pole.
Default settings of computerized physician order entry system order sets drive ordering habits
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Jordan Olson
2015-01-01
Full Text Available Background: Computerized physician order entry (CPOE systems are quickly becoming ubiquitous, and groups of orders ("order sets" to allow for easy order input are a common feature. This provides a streamlined mechanism to view, modify, and place groups of related orders. This often serves as an electronic equivalent of a specialty requisition. A characteristic, of these order sets is that specific orders can be predetermined to be "preselected" or "defaulted-on" whenever the order set is used while others are "optional" or "defaulted-off" (though there is typically the option is to "deselect" defaulted-on tests in a given situation. While it seems intuitive that the defaults in an order set are often accepted, additional study is required to understand the impact of these "default" settings in an order set on ordering habits. This study set out to quantify the effect of changing the default settings of an order set. Methods: For quality improvement purposes, order sets dealing with transfusions were recently reviewed and modified to improve monitoring of outcome. Initially, the order for posttransfusion hematocrits and platelet count had the default setting changed from "optional" to "preselected." The default settings for platelet count was later changed back to "optional," allowing for a natural experiment to study the effect of the default selections of an order set on clinician ordering habits. Results: Posttransfusion hematocrit values were ordered for 8.3% of red cell transfusions when the default order set selection was "off" and for 57.4% of transfusions when the default selection was "preselected" (P < 0.0001. Posttransfusion platelet counts were ordered for 7.0% of platelet transfusions when the initial default order set selection was "optional," increased to 59.4% when the default was changed to "preselected" (P < 0.0001, and then decreased to 7.5% when the default selection was returned to "optional." The posttransfusion platelet
On Characterization of Rough Type-2 Fuzzy Sets
Tao Zhao; Zhenbo Wei
2016-01-01
Rough sets theory and fuzzy sets theory are important mathematical tools to deal with uncertainties. Rough fuzzy sets and fuzzy rough sets as generalizations of rough sets have been introduced. Type-2 fuzzy set provides additional degree of freedom, which makes it possible to directly handle high uncertainties. In this paper, the rough type-2 fuzzy set model is proposed by combining the rough set theory with the type-2 fuzzy set theory. The rough type-2 fuzzy approximation operators induced f...
On-Orbit Range Set Applications
Holzinger, M.; Scheeres, D.
2011-09-01
History and methodology of ∆v range set computation is briefly reviewed, followed by a short summary of the ∆v optimal spacecraft servicing problem literature. Service vehicle placement is approached from a ∆v range set viewpoint, providing a framework under which the analysis becomes quite geometric and intuitive. The optimal servicing tour design problem is shown to be a specific instantiation of the metric- Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP), which in general is an NP-hard problem. The ∆v-TSP is argued to be quite similar to the Euclidean-TSP, for which approximate optimal solutions may be found in polynomial time. Applications of range sets are demonstrated using analytical and simulation results.
Diffraction of limit periodic point sets
Baake, Michael
2010-01-01
Limit periodic point sets are aperiodic structures with pure point diffraction supported on a countably, but not finitely generated Fourier module that is based on a lattice and certain integer multiples of it. Examples are cut and project sets with p-adic internal spaces. We illustrate this by explicit results for the diffraction measures of two examples with 2-adic internal spaces. The first and well-known example is the period doubling sequence in one dimension, which is based on the period doubling substitution rule. The second example is a weighted planar point set that is derived from the classic chair tiling in the plane. It can be described as a fixed point of a block substitution rule.
Music analysis and point-set compression
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Meredith, David
2015-01-01
on three analytical tasks that depend on the discovery of repeated patterns: classifying folk song melodies into tune families, discovering themes and sections in polyphonic music, and discovering subject and countersubject entries in fugues. Each algorithm computes a compressed encoding of a point......COSIATEC, SIATECCompress and Forth’s algorithm are point-set compression algorithms developed for discovering repeated patterns in music, such as themes and motives that would be of interest to a music analyst. To investigate their effectiveness and versatility, these algorithms were evaluated......-set representation of a musical object in the form of a list of compact patterns, each pattern being given with a set of vectors indicating its occurrences. However, the algorithms adopt different strategies in their attempts to discover encodings that maximize compression.The best-performing algorithm on the folk...
Leukocyte set points in metabolic disease.
Odegaard, Justin I; Chawla, Ajay
2012-01-01
Vertebrate tissues comprise precise admixtures of parenchymal and hematopoietic cells, whose interactions are vital to proper tissue function. By regulating this interaction, vertebrates are able to mitigate environmental stress and coordinate dramatic physiologic adaptations. For instance, under conditions of chronic nutrient excess, leukocyte recruitment and activation increase in an effort to decrease excess nutrient storage and alleviate adipocyte stress. While basal equilibria may be reestablished upon normalization of nutrient intake, a new set point characterized by insulin resistance and chronic inflammation is established if the stress persists. Consequently, although this response is adaptive in settings of acute overfeeding and infection, it has catastrophic health consequences in the modern context of obesity. Understanding how leukocyte set points (numbers and activation status) are established, maintained, and regulated in tissues is, thus, critical to our understanding of, and intervention in, chronic metabolic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes.
Migration and the Wage-Settings Curve
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Brücker, Herbert; Jahn, Elke
Germany on basis of a wage-setting curve. The wage-setting curve relies on the assumption that wages respond to a hange in the unemployment rate, albeit imperfectly. This allows one to derive the wage and employment effects of migration simultaneously in a general equilibrium framework. Using...... administrative micro data we find that the elasticity of the wage-setting curve is particularly high for young workers and workers with an university degree, while it is low for older workers and workers with a vocational degree. The wage and employment effects of migration are moderate: a 1 percent increase...... in the German labor force through immigration increases the aggregate unemployment rate by less than 0.1 percentage points and reduces average wages by 0.1 percent in the short run. While native workers benefit from increased wages and lower unemployment, foreign workers are adversely affected....
Distance and Similarity Measures for Soft Sets
Kharal, Athar
2010-01-01
In [P. Majumdar, S. K. Samanta, Similarity measure of soft sets, New Mathematics and Natural Computation 4(1)(2008) 1-12], the authors use matrix representation based distances of soft sets to introduce matching function and distance based similarity measures. We first give counterexamples to show that their Definition 2.7 and Lemma 3.5(3) contain errors, then improve their Lemma 4.4 making it a corllary of our result. The fundamental assumption of Majumdar et al has been shown to be flawed. This motivates us to introduce set operations based measures. We present a case (Example 28) where Majumdar-Samanta similarity measure produces an erroneous result but the measure proposed herein decides correctly. Several properties of the new measures have been presented and finally the new similarity measures have been applied to the problem of financial diagnosis of firms.
Homometric Point Sets and Inverse Problems
Grimm, Uwe
2008-01-01
The inverse problem of diffraction theory in essence amounts to the reconstruction of the atomic positions of a solid from its diffraction image. From a mathematical perspective, this is a notoriously difficult problem, even in the idealised situation of perfect diffraction from an infinite structure. Here, the problem is analysed via the autocorrelation measure of the underlying point set, where two point sets are called homometric when they share the same autocorrelation. For the class of mathematical quasicrystals within a given cut and project scheme, the homometry problem becomes equivalent to Matheron's covariogram problem, in the sense of determining the window from its covariogram. Although certain uniqueness results are known for convex windows, interesting examples of distinct homometric model sets already emerge in the plane. The uncertainty level increases in the presence of diffuse scattering. Already in one dimension, a mixed spectrum can be compatible with structures of different entropy. We ex...
Reasoning about Actions with Temporal Answer Sets
Giordano, Laura; Dupré, Daniele Theseider
2011-01-01
In this paper we combine Answer Set Programming (ASP) with Dynamic Linear Time Temporal Logic (DLTL) to define a temporal logic programming language for reasoning about complex actions and infinite computations. DLTL extends propositional temporal logic of linear time with regular programs of propositional dynamic logic, which are used for indexing temporal modalities. The action language allows general DLTL formulas to be included in domain descriptions to constrain the space of possible extensions. We introduce a notion of Temporal Answer Set for domain descriptions, based on the usual notion of Answer Set. Also, we provide a translation of domain descriptions into standard ASP and we use Bounded Model Checking techniques for the verification of DLTL constraints.
ASBench: benchmarking sets for allosteric discovery.
Huang, Wenkang; Wang, Guanqiao; Shen, Qiancheng; Liu, Xinyi; Lu, Shaoyong; Geng, Lv; Huang, Zhimin; Zhang, Jian
2015-08-01
Allostery allows for the fine-tuning of protein function. Targeting allosteric sites is gaining increasing recognition as a novel strategy in drug design. The key challenge in the discovery of allosteric sites has strongly motivated the development of computational methods and thus high-quality, publicly accessible standard data have become indispensable. Here, we report benchmarking data for experimentally determined allosteric sites through a complex process, including a 'Core set' with 235 unique allosteric sites and a 'Core-Diversity set' with 147 structurally diverse allosteric sites. These benchmarking sets can be exploited to develop efficient computational methods to predict unknown allosteric sites in proteins and reveal unique allosteric ligand-protein interactions to guide allosteric drug design.
Classification of Sets using Restricted Boltzmann Machines
Louradour, Jérôme
2011-01-01
We consider the problem of classification when inputs correspond to sets of vectors. This setting occurs in many problems such as the classification of pieces of mail containing several pages, of web sites with several sections or of images that have been pre-segmented into smaller regions. We propose generalizations of the restricted Boltzmann machine (RBM) that are appropriate in this context and explore how to incorporate different assumptions about the relationship between the input sets and the target class within the RBM. In experiments on standard multiple-instance learning datasets, we demonstrate the competitiveness of approaches based on RBMs and apply the proposed variants to the problem of incoming mail classification.
PSMG sets A and B protective relaying
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Burnett, J.E.
1978-07-24
The ''TAN/LOFT 13.8 kV, 2.4 kV, and 480 V Relay and Circuit Breaker Coordination Study'' presented an analysis to determine overcurrent settings for the LOFT Power System protective relays including those for the drive motors of the PSMG sets. This LTR is written to form the basis of the relay settings entered in Specification ES-60238 Rev. B, for protection of the PSMG generator, primary coolant pump motor and interconnecting power cable. A momentary commercial power voltage dip occurred on January 10, 1978 which caused a trip of the PSMG field breakers. A corrective design to prevent reoccurrence is discussed and recommendations are presented.
Dominating Sets and Domination Polynomials of Paths
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Saeid Alikhani
2009-01-01
Full Text Available Let G=(V,E be a simple graph. A set S⊆V is a dominating set of G, if every vertex in V\\S is adjacent to at least one vertex in S. Let 𝒫ni be the family of all dominating sets of a path Pn with cardinality i, and let d(Pn,j=|𝒫nj|. In this paper, we construct 𝒫ni, and obtain a recursive formula for d(Pn,i. Using this recursive formula, we consider the polynomial D(Pn,x=∑i=⌈n/3⌉nd(Pn,ixi, which we call domination polynomial of paths and obtain some properties of this polynomial.
Task representation in individual and joint settings
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Wolfgang ePrinz
2015-05-01
Full Text Available This paper outlines a framework for task representation and discusses applications to interference tasks in individual and joint settings. The framework is derived from the Theory of Event Coding. This theory regards task sets as transient assemblies of event codes in which stimulus and response codes interact and shape each other in particular ways. On the one hand, stimulus and response codes compete with each other within their respective subsets (horizontal interactions. On the other hand, stimulus and response code cooperate with each other (vertical interactions. Code interactions instantiating competition and cooperation apply to two time scales: on-line performance (i.e., doing the task and off-line implementation (i.e., setting the task. Interference arises when stimulus and response codes overlap in features that are irrelevant for stimulus identification, but relevant for response selection. To resolve this dilemma, the feature profiles of event codes may become restructured in various ways. The framework is applied to three kinds of interference paradigms. Special emphasis is given to joint settings where tasks are shared between two participants. Major conclusions derived from these applications include: (1 Response competition is the chief driver of interference. Likewise, different modes of response competition give rise to different patterns of interference. (2 The type of features in which stimulus and response codes overlap is also a crucial factor. Different types of such features give likewise rise to different patterns of interference. (3 Task sets for joint settings conflate intraindividual conflicts between responses (what, with interindividual conflicts between responding agents (whom. Features of response codes may, therefore, not only address responses, but also responding agents (both physically and socially.
Pneumonia severity scores in resource poor settings
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jamie Rylance
2014-06-01
Full Text Available Clinical prognostic scores are increasingly used to streamline care in well-resourced settings. The potential benefits of identifying patients at risk of clinical deterioration and poor outcome, delivering appropriate higher level clinical care, and increasing efficiency are clear. In this focused review, we examine the use and applicability of severity scores applied to patients with community acquired pneumonia in resource poor settings. We challenge clinical researchers working in such systems to consider the generalisability of existing severity scores in their populations, and where performance of scores is suboptimal, to promote efforts to develop and validate new tools for the benefit of patients and healthcare systems.
EEA core set of indicators. Guide
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
NONE
2005-07-01
This guide provides information on the quality of the 37 indicators in the EEA core set. Its primary role is to support improved implementation of the core set in the EEA, European topic centres and the European environment information and observation network (Eionet). In parallel, it is aimed at helping users outside the EEA/Eionet system make best use of the indicators in their own work. It is hoped that the guide will promote cooperation on improving indicator methodologies and data quality as part of the wider process to streamline and improve environmental reporting in the European Union and beyond. (au)
Integer Set Compression and Statistical Modeling
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Larsson, N. Jesper
2014-01-01
Compression of integer sets and sequences has been extensively studied for settings where elements follow a uniform probability distribution. In addition, methods exist that exploit clustering of elements in order to achieve higher compression performance. In this work, we address the case where...... enumeration of elements may be arbitrary or random, but where statistics is kept in order to estimate probabilities of elements. We present a recursive subset-size encoding method that is able to benefit from statistics, explore the effects of permuting the enumeration order based on element probabilities...
Microwave Enhanced Cotunneling in SET Transistors
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Manscher, Martin; Savolainen, M.; Mygind, Jesper
2003-01-01
Cotunneling in single electron tunneling (SET) devices is an error process which may severely limit their electronic and metrologic applications. Here is presented an experimental investigation of the theory for adiabatic enhancement of cotunneling by coherent microwaves. Cotunneling in SET...... transistors has been measured as function of temperature, gate voltage, frequency, and applied microwave power. At low temperatures and applied power levels, including also sequential tunneling, the results can be made consistent with theory using the unknown damping in the microwave line as the only free...
The elements of Cantor sets with applications
Vallin, Robert W
2013-01-01
This book is a thorough introduction to the Cantor (Ternary) Set and its applications and brings together many of the topics (advanced calculus, probability, topology, and algebra) that mathematics students are required to study, but unfortunately are treated as separate ideas. This book successfully bridges the gap between how several mathematical fields interact using Cantor Sets as the common theme. While the book is mathematically self-contained, readers should be comfortable with mathematical formalism and have some experience in reading and writing mathematical proofs. Chapter cover
Connected rectilinear graphs on point sets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Maarten Löffler
2011-02-01
Full Text Available Let V be a set of n points in Rd. We study the question whether there exists an orientation such that V is the vertex set of a connected rectilinear graph in that orientation. A graph is rectilinear if its edges are straight line segments in d pairwise perpendicular directions. We prove that at most one such orientation can be possible, up to trivial rotations of 90 degrees around some axis. In addition, we present an algorithm for computing this orientation (if it exists in O(nd time when d≥2.
A homotopy approach to set theory
Gavrilovich, Misha
2010-01-01
We observe that the notion of two sets being equal up to finitely many elements is a homotopy equivalence relation in a model category, and suggest a homotopy-invariant variant of Generalised Continuum Hypothesis about which more can be proven within ZFC and which first appeared in PCF theory. The formalism allows to draw analogies between notions of set theory and those of homotopy theory, and we indeed observe a similarity between homotopy theory ideology/yoga and that of PCF theory. We also briefly discuss conjectural connections with model theory and arithmetics and geometry.
On Software Development of Characteristic Set Method
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WU Yong-wei; WANG Ding-kang; YANG Hong; LIN Dong-dai
2002-01-01
Characteristic set method of polynomial equation solving has been widely spread and its implementation in software has been urged to consider in recent years. Several packages for the method are implemented in some computer algebra systems, such as REDUCE and Maple. In order to improve the efficiency of the method, we have developed a computer algebra system "ELIMINO" written in C language and implemented on Linux operation system on a PC. The authors wish to share with the reader the knowledge and experiences about the design and development of software package of the characteristic set method.
Expert system for traffic signal setting assistance
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zozaya-Gorostiza, C.; Hendrickson, C.
1987-03-01
An experimental knowledge-based expert system to assist in traffic signal setting for isolated intersections is presented. In contrast to existing computer aids, the system can be applied to intersections of highly irregular geometries. Algorithmic processes to evaluate signal settings and decision tables to identify traffic flow conflicts are invoked by the expert system; phase distribution of flows is performed by applying heuristic rules. The system was written in the OPS5 export system environment. Advantages and disadvantages of the expert system programming approach relative to conventional algorithmic processes in the traffic engineering domain are described.
Cantor-Type Sets in Hyperbolic Numbers
Balankin, A. S.; Bory-Reyes, J.; Luna-Elizarrarás, M. E.; Shapiro, M.
2016-12-01
The construction of the ternary Cantor set is generalized into the context of hyperbolic numbers. The partial order structure of hyperbolic numbers is revealed and the notion of hyperbolic interval is defined. This allows us to define a general framework of the fractal geometry on the hyperbolic plane. Three types of the hyperbolic analogues of the real Cantor set are identified. The complementary nature of the real Cantor dust and the real Sierpinski carpet on the hyperbolic plane are outlined. The relevance of these findings in the context of modern physics are briefly discussed.
Almost Free Modules Set-Theoretic Methods
Eklof, PC
1990-01-01
This is an extended treatment of the set-theoretic techniques which have transformed the study of abelian group and module theory over the last 15 years. Part of the book is new work which does not appear elsewhere in any form. In addition, a large body of material which has appeared previously (in scattered and sometimes inaccessible journal articles) has been extensively reworked and in many cases given new and improved proofs. The set theory required is carefully developed with algebraists in mind, and the independence results are derived from explicitly stated axioms. The book contains exe
Obtaining a minimal set of rewrite rules
CSIR Research Space (South Africa)
Davel, M
2005-11-01
Full Text Available min- imal rule set. 3. Implementation We illustrate the above approach using a simple 3-word exam- ple, consisting of the words ?test?,?tea? and ?west? and consider the steps required to extract a rule set for the letter ?e?. As the software... ? t i ? Word patterns #t-e-st# ? eh #t-e-st# ? e #w-e-st# ? eh #w-e-st# ? e #t-e-a# ? iy #t-e-a# ? i the more general rules later in the graph (closer to the root), and more specialised rule earlier (higher up in the graph). Initially...
Cerutti, Francesco
2011-01-01
I present a method, elaborated within the NNPDF Collaboration, that allows the inclusion of the information contained in new datasets into an existing set of parton distribution functions without the need for refitting. The method exploits bayesian inference in the space of PDF replicas: for each PDF replica a chisquare and a weight associated to it is computed. These weights are then applied to the ensemble of parton densities, producing a reweighted set of replicas. The reweighting method may be used to assess the impact of any new data or pseudodata on parton densities and thus on their predictions.
Modelling occupants’ heating set-point prefferences
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Rune Vinther; Olesen, Bjarne W.; Toftum, Jørn
2011-01-01
consumption. Simultaneous measurement of the set-point of thermostatic radiator valves (trv), and indoor and outdoor environment characteristics was carried out in 15 dwellings in Denmark in 2008. Linear regression was used to infer a model of occupants’ interactions with trvs. This model could easily......Discrepancies between simulated and actual occupant behaviour can offset the actual energy consumption by several orders of magnitude compared to simulation results. Thus, there is a need to set up guidelines to increase the reliability of forecasts of environmental conditions and energy...
BEST APPROXIMATION BY DOWNWARD SETS WITH APPLICATIONS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
H.Mohebi; A. M. Rubinov
2006-01-01
We develop a theory of downward sets for a class of normed ordered spaces. We study best approximation in a normed ordered space X by elements of downward sets, and give necessary and sufficient conditions for any element of best approximation by a closed downward subset of X. We also characterize strictly downward subsets of X, and prove that a downward subset of X is strictly downward if and only if each its boundary point is Chebyshev. The results obtained are used for examination of some Chebyshev pairs (W,x), where x ∈ X and W is a closed downward subset of X.
Cubical sets as a classifying topos
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Spitters, Bas
Coquand’s cubical set model for homotopy type theory provides the basis for a computational interpretation of the univalence axiom and some higher inductive types, as implemented in the cubical proof assistant. We show that the underlying cube category is the opposite of the Lawvere theory of De...... Morgan algebras. The topos of cubical sets itself classifies the theory of ‘free De Morgan algebras’. This provides us with a topos with an internal ‘interval’. Using this interval we construct a model of type theory following van den Berg and Garner. We are currently investigating the precise relation...
Homeomorphisms Between Limbs of the Mandelbrot Set
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Branner, Bodil; Fagella, Nuria
1999-01-01
Using a family of higher degree polynomials as a bridge, together with complex surgery techniques, we construct a homeomorphism between any two limbs of the Mandelbrot set of equal denominator. Induced by these homeomorphisms and complex conjugation, we obtain an involution between each limb...... and itself. whose fixed points form a topological arc. All these maps have counterparts at the combinatorial level relating corresponding external arguments. Assuming local connectivity of the Mandelbrot set we may conclude that the constructed homeomorphisms between limbs are compatible with the embeddings...
Gene set analysis for interpreting genetic studies
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pers, Tune H
2016-01-01
Interpretation of genome-wide association study (GWAS) results is lacking behind the discovery of new genetic associations. Consequently, there is an urgent need for data-driven methods for interpreting genetic association studies. Gene set analysis (GSA) can identify aetiologic pathways and func......Interpretation of genome-wide association study (GWAS) results is lacking behind the discovery of new genetic associations. Consequently, there is an urgent need for data-driven methods for interpreting genetic association studies. Gene set analysis (GSA) can identify aetiologic pathways...
Exploring nurses' and patients' perspectives of limit setting in a forensic mental health setting.
Maguire, Tessa; Daffern, Michael; Martin, Trish
2014-04-01
Limit setting is an intervention that is frequently used by mental health nurses. However, limit setting is poorly conceptualized, its purpose is unclear, and there are few evidence-based guidelines to assist nurses to set limits in a safe and effective manner. What is known is that the manner in which nurses set limits influences patients' perceptions of the interactions and their emotional and behavioural responses. In this qualitative study, 12 nurses and 12 patients participated in personal, semistructured interviews that aimed to explore limit setting and to propose principles to guide practice. The findings suggested that: (i) limit setting is important to safety in mental health hospitals; (ii) engaging patients in an empathic manner is necessary when setting limits (when nurses engage in an empathic manner, the therapeutic relationship is more likely to be preserved and the risk of aggressive responses is reduced); and (iii) an authoritative (fair, respectful, consistent, and knowledgeable), rather than authoritarian (controlling and indifferent), limit-setting style enhances positive outcomes with regards to adherence, reduced likelihood of aggression, and preservation of the therapeutic relationship. In conclusion, a limit-setting style characterized by empathic responding and an authoritative, rather than authoritarian interpersonal, style is recommended. Elucidating the components of this style is critical for effective training and best practice of mental health nurses, and to reduce aggressive responses from limit setting. © 2013 Australian College of Mental Health Nurses Inc.
Scobbie, Lesley; Dixon, Diane; Wyke, Sally
2011-05-01
Setting and achieving goals is fundamental to rehabilitation practice but has been criticized for being a-theoretical and the key components of replicable goal-setting interventions are not well established. To describe the development of a theory-based goal setting practice framework for use in rehabilitation settings and to detail its component parts. Causal modelling was used to map theories of behaviour change onto the process of setting and achieving rehabilitation goals, and to suggest the mechanisms through which patient outcomes are likely to be affected. A multidisciplinary task group developed the causal model into a practice framework for use in rehabilitation settings through iterative discussion and implementation with six patients. Four components of a goal-setting and action-planning practice framework were identified: (i) goal negotiation, (ii) goal identification, (iii) planning, and (iv) appraisal and feedback. The variables hypothesized to effect change in patient outcomes were self-efficacy and action plan attainment. A theory-based goal setting practice framework for use in rehabilitation settings is described. The framework requires further development and systematic evaluation in a range of rehabilitation settings.
Hartogsohn, Ido
2016-12-01
Placebo response theory and set and setting theory are two fields which examine how non-biological factors shape the response to therapy. Both consider factors such as expectancy, preparation and beliefs to be crucial for understanding the extra-pharmacological processes which shape the response to drugs. Yet there are also fundamental differences between the two theories. Set and setting concerns itself with response to psychoactive drugs only; placebo theory relates to all therapeutic interventions. Placebo theory is aimed at medical professionals; set and setting theory is aimed at professionals and drug users alike. Placebo theory is primarily descriptive, describing how placebo acts; set and setting theory is primarily prescriptive, educating therapists and users on how to control and optimize the effects of drugs. This paper examines how placebo theory and set and setting theory can complement and benefit each other, broadening our understanding of how non-biological factors shape response to drugs and other treatment interventions. © The Author(s) 2016.
Dynamic Experimental Research on Setting Signal Transmission of Induction Setting System in Muzzle
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
HUANG Xue-gong
2009-01-01
Muzzle induction setting is a high speed dynamic process. Based on analyzing the process of the projectile flying through an induction setting field, an experimental method is studied to test the effect of high speed plasma gas and high speed projectile on the induction setting system. Three tests are designed. The real-time coupling curves of induction setting signal are tested by coupling a test coil. The experimental results indicate that the electromagnetic field formed by high speed plasma gas can influence the signal transmission of induction setting system, and the influence can be reduced by opening some vents on muzzle; the high speed projectile changed the distributing characteristics of electromagnetic field in the induction setting field to reduce the amplitude of induction coupling signal.
Describing Product Variety Using Set Theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Brunø, Thomas Ditlev; Nielsen, Kjeld; Jørgensen, Kaj Asbjørn;
2014-01-01
Three capabilities: solution space development, robust process design, and choice navigation are critical for mass customizers. In order to become and stay competitive, it is proposed to establish assessment methods for these capabilities. This paper investigates the usage of set theory as a means...
Quality Measurement in Early Childhood Settings
Zaslow, Martha, Ed.; Martinez-Beck, Ivelisse, Ed.; Tout, Kathryn, Ed.; Halle, Tamara, Ed.
2011-01-01
What constitutes quality in early childhood settings, and how can it best be measured with today's widely used tools and promising new approaches? Find authoritative answers in this book, a must-have for high-level administrators and policymakers as more and more states adopt early childhood Quality Rating and Improvement Systems. The most…
Controlling Setting Events in the Classroom
Chan, Paula E.
2016-01-01
Teachers face the challenging job of differentiating instruction for the diverse needs of their students. This task is difficult enough with happy students who are eager to learn; unfortunately students often enter the classroom in a bad mood because of events that happened outside the classroom walls. These events--called setting events--can…
Metaphors of Literacy: Dialogues in Inclusive Settings
Causarano, Antonio
2015-01-01
This article discusses the importance of metaphors in education and in inclusive settings in particular. Metaphors are seen as the fabric of collaboration through dialogue across the curriculum. The article analyzes the dialogues among the Language Arts, Social Studies, and inclusion teacher in a large middle school in the Southwest of the United…
The neurobiology of syntax: beyond string sets
Petersson, K.M.; Hagoort, P.
2012-01-01
The human capacity to acquire language is an outstanding scientific challenge to understand. Somehow our language capacities arise from the way the human brain processes, develops and learns in interaction with its environment. To set the stage, we begin with a summary of what is known about the neu
Excursion-Set-Mediated Genetic Algorithm
Noever, David; Baskaran, Subbiah
1995-01-01
Excursion-set-mediated genetic algorithm (ESMGA) is embodiment of method of searching for and optimizing computerized mathematical models. Incorporates powerful search and optimization techniques based on concepts analogous to natural selection and laws of genetics. In comparison with other genetic algorithms, this one achieves stronger condition for implicit parallelism. Includes three stages of operations in each cycle, analogous to biological generation.
Dimensional reduction in causal set gravity
Carlip, S
2015-01-01
Results from a number of different approaches to quantum gravity suggest that the effective dimension of spacetime may drop to $d=2$ at small scales. I show that two different dimensional estimators in causal set theory display the same behavior, and argue that a third, the spectral dimension, may exhibit a related phenomenon of "asymptotic silence."
Triggering the News, Setting the Agenda
Broersma, Marcel; Graham, Todd
2014-01-01
This paper both theoretically and empirically explores how people formerly known as sources use Twitter to strategically generate news coverage and to set the public agenda. Based on a large scale content analysis (2007-2013) of newspaper coverage in both tabloids and broadsheets in the UK and the N
Financial effects of ETS Set Aside
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Van Dril, T. [ECN Policy Studies, Petten (Netherlands)
2012-11-26
The EU ETS (emissions trading system) has a growing surplus of allowances built up over the last few years. The economic downturn is regarded to be a major cause of the oversupply and the low level of the CO2 allowance price. From 2013 onwards, the ETS will enter its third phase in which a substantial part of the current allowances will be auctioned. In summer 2012, the European Commission proposed a draft Regulation to adjust the timing of auctions of emission allowances. The Commission states that it is not wise to feed a market that is already oversupplied and wants to auction fewer allowances in the next years (Set Aside). These Set Aside allowances should then be auctioned in the later years of the 2013-2020 ETS period (backloading). The proposal document does not suggest permanent withdrawal of allowances, since this requires amending the ETS directive. However, permanent withdrawal (cancellation) is certainly considered as an option to reinforce the ETS. The Netherlands Ministry of Finance is primarily interested in the economic effects of Set Aside scenarios. This paper focuses on the effects of Set Aside allowances on the government budget. Not just the auction revenues are considered, but also the indirect effect on funding renewable energy generation.
Homeomorphisms Between Limbs of the Mandelbrot Set
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Branner, Bodil; Fagella, Nuria
1999-01-01
Using a family of higher degree polynomials as a bridge, together with complex surgery techniques, we construct a homeomorphism between any two limbs of the Mandelbrot set of equal denominator. Induced by these homeomorphisms and complex conjugation, we obtain an involution between each limb...... of the limbs in the plane. As usual we plough in the dynamical planes and harvest in the parameter space....
SCORE SETS IN ORIENTED 3-PARTITE GRAPHS
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2007-01-01
Let D(U, V, W) be an oriented 3-partite graph with |U|=p, |V|=q and |W|= r. For any vertex x in D(U, V, W), let d+x and d-x be the outdegree and indegree of x respectively. Define aui (or simply ai) = q + r + d+ui - d-ui, bvj(or simply bj) = p + r + d+vj - d-vj and Cwk (or simply ck) = p + q + d+wk - d-wk as the scores of ui in U, vj in V and wk in Wrespectively. The set A of distinct scores of the vertices of D(U, V, W) is called its score set. In this paper, we prove that if a1 is a non-negative integer, ai(2≤i≤n - 1) are even positive integers and an is any positive integer, then for n≥3, there exists an oriented 3-partite graph with the score set A = {a1,2∑i=1 ai,…,n∑i=1 ai}, except when A = {0,2,3}. Some more results for score sets in oriented 3-partite graphs are obtained.
Conductance calculations with a wavelet basis set
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Thygesen, Kristian Sommer; Bollinger, Mikkel; Jacobsen, Karsten Wedel
2003-01-01
. The linear-response conductance is calculated from the Green's function which is represented in terms of a system-independent basis set containing wavelets with compact support. This allows us to rigorously separate the central region from the contacts and to test for convergence in a systematic way...
Boundary Crossings and Violations in Clinical Settings
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
V K Aravind
2012-01-01
Full Text Available Principles of beneficence, autonomy, and nonmaleficence, compassion along with fiduciary partnership are the core concepts in the doctor-patient relationship in therapeutic settings. There are varieties of reasons for boundary problems. Physicians ignorance, exploitative character, emotional vulnerability moral weakness and similar factors may pave the way for boundary issues resulting in nonsexual or sexual boundary crossings and violations.
User manual for storage simulation construction set
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sehgal, Anil; Volz, Richard A.
1999-04-01
The Storage Simulation Set (SSCS) is a tool for composing storage system models using Telegrip. It is an application written in C++ and motif. With this system, the models of a storage system can be composed rapidly and accurately. The aspects of the SSCS are described within this report.
The Case Against Homogeneous Sets in Mathematics
Jackman, M. K.
1973-01-01
A point-by-point criticism is made of F. H. Flynn's article, The Case for Homogeneous Sets in Mathematics'' (Mathematics in School, Volume 1 Number 2, 1972) in an attempt to show that the arguments used in trying to justify homogeneous grouping in mathematics are invalid. (Editor/DT)
Best Friend Networks of Children across Settings.
Ray, Glen E.; And Others
1995-01-01
Investigated children's classroom sociometry and size of their best-friend networks. For both classroom and playground settings, popular children had the most reciprocal best friends, while rejected children had the fewest, but had more on the playground than in the classroom. Results suggest that constraints and opportunities of different…
A Cubic Kernel for Feedback Vertex Set
Bodlaender, H.L.
2006-01-01
The FEEDBACK VERTEX SET problem on unweighted, undirected graphs is considered. Improving upon a result by Burrage et al. [7], we show that this problem has a kernel with O(κ3) vertices, i.e., there is a polynomial time algorithm, that given a graph G and an integer κ, finds a graph G' and integer
Excursion-Set-Mediated Genetic Algorithm
Noever, David; Baskaran, Subbiah
1995-01-01
Excursion-set-mediated genetic algorithm (ESMGA) is embodiment of method of searching for and optimizing computerized mathematical models. Incorporates powerful search and optimization techniques based on concepts analogous to natural selection and laws of genetics. In comparison with other genetic algorithms, this one achieves stronger condition for implicit parallelism. Includes three stages of operations in each cycle, analogous to biological generation.
Dealing with systematics and setting limits
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sivia D.S.
2013-07-01
Full Text Available The analysis of data in particle physics often involves systematic uncertainties, and the results entail the setting of limits on inferred parameters. This paper illustrates the former with a simple example, building on the introduction to the Bayesian approach given in Sivia [1], and offers a novel suggestion for the latter.
Educational Needs in the Psychiatric Setting.
Sluckin, Andy; Hanna, Bob
1991-01-01
Case studies in Norwich, England, identified issues in the provision of adult education in psychiatric settings: differing definitions of the role of adult education; role conflict between adult educators and health professionals; and opposing beliefs about outsiders entering an institution. The cases also affirmed the therapeutic value of…
Social inclusion in diverse work settings
Jansen, W.S.
2015-01-01
Perceiving to be socially included at work is vital for the well-being and performance of employees. Yet, inclusion may be difficult to establish when coworkers are different from each other. This dissertation investigates how inclusion in diverse work settings can be fostered. To do so, it develops
Automatic Generation of Minimal Cut Sets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sentot Kromodimoeljo
2015-06-01
Full Text Available A cut set is a collection of component failure modes that could lead to a system failure. Cut Set Analysis (CSA is applied to critical systems to identify and rank system vulnerabilities at design time. Model checking tools have been used to automate the generation of minimal cut sets but are generally based on checking reachability of system failure states. This paper describes a new approach to CSA using a Linear Temporal Logic (LTL model checker called BT Analyser that supports the generation of multiple counterexamples. The approach enables a broader class of system failures to be analysed, by generalising from failure state formulae to failure behaviours expressed in LTL. The traditional approach to CSA using model checking requires the model or system failure to be modified, usually by hand, to eliminate already-discovered cut sets, and the model checker to be rerun, at each step. By contrast, the new approach works incrementally and fully automatically, thereby removing the tedious and error-prone manual process and resulting in significantly reduced computation time. This in turn enables larger models to be checked. Two different strategies for using BT Analyser for CSA are presented. There is generally no single best strategy for model checking: their relative efficiency depends on the model and property being analysed. Comparative results are given for the A320 hydraulics case study in the Behavior Tree modelling language.
Regularized Multiple-Set Canonical Correlation Analysis
Takane, Yoshio; Hwang, Heungsun; Abdi, Herve
2008-01-01
Multiple-set canonical correlation analysis (Generalized CANO or GCANO for short) is an important technique because it subsumes a number of interesting multivariate data analysis techniques as special cases. More recently, it has also been recognized as an important technique for integrating information from multiple sources. In this paper, we…
Procrastination in a Distance University Setting
Klingsieck, Katrin B.; Fries, Stefan; Horz, Claudia; Hofer, Manfred
2012-01-01
Procrastination, putting off until tomorrow what should have been done today, is a self-regulation failure that is widespread among students. Although plenty of research has emerged regarding academic procrastination, hardly any research endeavor regarding procrastination in distance university settings exists. This lack of research is even more…
Managing Asthma in the Early Childhood Setting
Graville, Iris
2011-01-01
Asthma, one of the most common chronic disorders in childhood, affects more than seven million children in the United States, and is the third leading cause of hospitalization for children. Statistics like these make planning and preparing for asthma in the early childhood setting a high priority. With the high rates of asthma in the U.S. today,…
Information Flow Settings in Building Rehabilitation
Elwazani, S.; Gandikota, S.
2017-08-01
Apart from the usual field technical survey information for establishing the building configurations and fabric conditions, information flow for a rehabilitation project begins earlier with the need for authenticating the building as a significant heritage item and ends subsequently with validating the rehabilitation of the building. These three genres of the information are recognized under three information settings. This study investigates the first, the setting associated with authenticating the significance of the building. The discussion is structured around the process of evaluating building significance for the purpose of listing the building on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) and, accordingly, recognizes the NRHP framework for nominating properties to the Register. With due consideration to the concomitant information and documentation along the nomination process, and with the "historic context" as a core significance assessment strategy, the study aims at: a) explaining the configuration of the historic context; b) clarifying the role of the building itself in developing the historic context; and, c) identifying the attributes of information flow. The study arrived at the following conclusions. Investigating "the information associated with authenticating the significance of the building," the focus of this study, as an information setting of a spectrum of three helps define the global information flow in building rehabilitation. Steeped in research, the historic context configuration and development steps regulate the information flow of this setting. The knowledge and dexterity of the researcher in configuring and developing the historic context enhances the clarity and characteristics of information flow.
Uncertainty Sets For Wind Power Generation
Dvorkin, Yury; Lubin, Miles; Backhaus, Scott; Chertkov, Michael
2015-01-01
As penetration of wind power generation increases, system operators must account for its stochastic nature in a reliable and cost-efficient manner. These conflicting objectives can be traded-off by accounting for the variability and uncertainty of wind power generation. This letter presents a new methodology to estimate uncertainty sets for parameters of probability distributions that capture wind generation uncertainty and variability.
Leadership: Enhancing Team Adaptability in Dynamic Settings
2008-04-01
Kozlowski, Gully, et al., 2001; Seijts, Latham, Tasa , & Latham, 2004). The purpose of this research was to build on this initial work toward...of progress. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 471-499. Seijts, G. H., Latham, G. P., Tasa , K., & Latham, B. W. (2004). Goal setting and goal
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
江河
2002-01-01
有些人听到刺耳的声音，或尝到酸溜溜的滋味时，会被刺激得牙齿颤动。“Set someone's teeth on edge”的成语由此产生，解释为使某人不安、烦躁甚至咬牙切齿。
Terahertz polarization conversion with quartz waveplate sets
Kaveev, A. K.; Kropotov, G. I.; Tsygankova, E. V.; Tzibizov, I. A.; Ganichev, S. D.; Danilov, S. N.; Olbrich, P.; Zoth, C.; Kaveeva, E. G.; Zhdanov, A. I.; Ivanov, A. A.; Deyanov, R. Z.; Redlich, B.
2013-01-01
We present the results of calculation and experimental testing of an achromatic polarization converter and a composite terahertz waveplate (WP), which are represented by sets of plane-parallel birefringent plates with in-plane birefringence axis. The calculations took into account the effect of inte
Documenting Collective Development in Online Settings
Dean, Chrystal; Silverman, Jason
2015-01-01
In this paper the authors explored the question of collective understanding in online mathematics education settings and presented a brief overview of traditional methods for documenting norms and collective mathematical practices. A method for documenting collective development was proposed that builds on existing methods and frameworks yet is…
Independence-friendly cylindric set algebras
Mann, Allen L
2007-01-01
Independence-friendly logic is a conservative extension of first-order logic that has the same expressive power as existential second-order logic. In her Ph.D. thesis, Dechesne introduces a variant of independence-friendly logic called IFG logic. We attempt to algebraize IFG logic in the same way that Boolean algebra is the algebra of propositional logic and cylindric algebra is the algebra of first-order logic. We define independence-friendly cylindric set algebras and prove two main results. First, every independence-friendly cylindric set algebra over a structure has an underlying Kleene algebra. Moreover, the class of such underlying Kleene algebras generates the variety of all Kleene algebras. Hence the equational theory of the class of Kleene algebras that underly an independence-friendly cylindric set algebra is finitely axiomatizable. Second, every one-dimensional independence-friendly cylindric set algebra over a structure has an underlying monadic Kleene algebra. However, the class of such underlyin...
Dilation volumes of sets of bounded perimeter
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kiderlen, Markus; Rataj, Jan
it to determine the derivative of the contact distribution function of a stationary random closed set at zero. A variant for uncountable Q is given, too. The proofs are based on approximation of the characteristic function of A by smooth functions of bounded variation and showing corresponding formulas for them....
On Matroids and Linearly Independent Set Families
2013-01-01
New families of matroids are constructed in this note. These new fami- lies are derived from the concept of linearly independent set family (LISF) introduced by Eicker and Ewald [Linear Algebra and its Applications 388 (2004) 173-191]. The proposed construction generalizes in a natural way the well known class of vectorial matroids over a field.
Set Covering Problems with General Objective Functions
Cardinal, Jean
2008-01-01
We introduce a parameterized version of set cover that generalizes several previously studied problems. Given a ground set V and a collection of subsets S_i of V, a feasible solution is a partition of V such that each subset of the partition is included in one of the S_i. The problem involves maximizing the mean subset size of the partition, where the mean is the generalized mean of parameter p, taken over the elements. For p=-1, the problem is equivalent to the classical minimum set cover problem. For p=0, it is equivalent to the minimum entropy set cover problem, introduced by Halperin and Karp. For p=1, the problem includes the maximum-edge clique partition problem as a special case. We prove that the greedy algorithm simultaneously approximates the problem within a factor of (p+1)^1/p for any p in R^+, and that this is the best possible unless P=NP. These results both generalize and simplify previous results for special cases. We also consider the corresponding graph coloring problem, and prove several tr...
The Fuzzy Set by Fuzzy Interval
Dr.Pranita Goswami
2011-01-01
Fuzzy set by Fuzzy interval is atriangular fuzzy number lying between the two specified limits. The limits to be not greater than 2 and less than -2 by fuzzy interval have been discussed in this paper. Through fuzzy interval we arrived at exactness which is a fuzzymeasure and fuzzy integral
Fuzzy Set Theoretical Approach to Document Retrieval.
Radecki, Tadeusz
1979-01-01
Presents a new method of document retrieval based on the fundamental operations of fuzzy set theory. Basic notions are introduced. Then the syntax and semantics of the proposed language for document retrieval is given, and an algorithm allocating documents to particular queries is described and its properties are discussed. (Author/CWM)
Homeopathic drug selection using Intuitionistic fuzzy sets.
Kharal, Athar
2009-01-01
Using intuitionistic fuzzy set theory, Sanchez's approach to medical diagnosis has been applied to the problem of selection of single remedy from homeopathic repertorization. Two types of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Relations (IFRs) and three types of selection indices are discussed. I also propose a new repertory exploiting the benefits of soft-intelligence.
SETS, Arbitrage Activity, and Stock Price Dynamics
N. Taylor; D.J.C. van Dijk (Dick); Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans); A. Lucas (André)
1999-01-01
textabstractThis paper provides an empirical description of the relationship between the trading system operated by a stock exchange and the transaction costs faced by heterogeneous investors who use the exchange. The recent introduction of SETS in the London Stock Exchange provides an excellent
SETS, Arbitrage Activity, and Stock Price Dynamics
Taylor, Nick; Dijk, van Dick; Franses, Philip Hans; Lucas, André
1999-01-01
This paper provides an empirical description of the relationshipbetween the trading system operated by a stockexchange and the transaction costs faced by heterogeneous investors who use the exchange. The recent introduction ofSETS in the London Stock Exchange provides an excellent opportunity to
Ethnographic Positioning in a Boarding House Setting
Yeo, Wee Loon
2010-01-01
The research sought to find out how international students came to terms with cultural differences and positioned themselves in a complex environment such as a boarding school. This article considers how a researcher's insider position can enrich the understanding in a multicultural school setting while identifying the hidden dilemmas. The…
Limit Sets of Convex non Elastic Billiards
Markarian, Roberto; Pinto-de-Carvalho, Sonia
2010-01-01
Inspired by the work of Pujals and Sambarino on dominated splitting, we present billiards with a modified reflection law which constitute simple examples of dynamical systems with limit sets with dominated splitting and where the dynamics is a rational or irrational rotation.
Externally definable sets and dependent pairs
Chernikov, Artem
2010-01-01
We prove that externally definable sets in first order NIP theories have honest definitions, giving a new proof of Shelah's expansion theorem. Also we discuss a weak notion of stable embeddedness true in this context. Those results are then used to prove a general theorem on dependent pairs, which in particular answers a question of Baldwin and Benedikt on naming an indiscernible sequence.
A Coalitional Power Value for Set Games
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Hao Sun; Sheng-gui Zhang; Xue-liang Li
2003-01-01
We propose the concept of a coalitional power value for set games, and present its axiomatic characterization of global efficiency, equal treatment property and coalitional power monotonicity. The coalitional power value is a generalization of the marginalistic value introduced by Aarts et al.
A note on an individual bioequivalence setting
Surulescu, Christina; Surulescu, N.
2005-01-01
We give a new simpler proof along with a generalization for the inequality of Yao and Iyer \\cite{yao} arising in bioequivalence studies and by using a nonparametric approach we also discuss an extension of the individual bioequivalence setting to the case where the data are not necessarily normally distributed.
Goal Setting to Promote a Health Lifestyle.
Paxton, Raheem J; Taylor, Wendell C; Hudnall, Gina Evans; Christie, Juliette
2012-01-01
The purpose of this parallel-group study was to determine whether a feasibility study based on newsletters and telephone counseling would improve goal-setting constructs; physical activity (PA); and fruit and vegetable (F & V) intake in a sample of older adults. Forty-three older adults (M age = 70 years, >70% Asian, 54% female) living in Honolulu, Hawaii were recruited and randomly assigned to either a PA or F & V intake condition. All participants completed measures of PA, F & V intake, and goal setting mechanisms (i.e., specificity, difficulty, effort, commitment, and persistence) at baseline and 8-weeks. Paired t-tests were used to evaluate changes across time. We found that F & V participants significantly increased F & V intake and mean scores of goal specificity, effort, commitment, and persistence (all p goal setting mechanisms were observed for participants in the PA condition. Overall, our results show that a short-term intervention using newsletters and motivational calls based on goal-setting theory was effective in improving F & V intake; however, more research is needed to determine whether these strategies are effective for improving PA among a multiethnic sample of older adults.
Biology. USMES Beginning "How To" Set.
Agro, Sally; And Others
In this set of two booklets for primary grades, students learn how to make a home for their animals (amphibians, insects, fish, crayfish) and a home for their rodents (hamsters, guinea pigs, gerbils, mice). The major emphasis in all Unified Sciences and Mathematics for Elementary Schools (USMES) units is on open-ended, long-range investigations of…
The topology of Julia sets for polynomials
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
尹永成
2002-01-01
We prove that wandering components of the Julia set of a polynomial are singletons provided each critical point in a wandering Julia component is non-recurrent. This means a conjecture of Branner-Hubbard is true for this kind of polynomials.
A Set Theoretical Approach to Maturity Models
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lasrado, Lester; Vatrapu, Ravi; Andersen, Kim Normann
2016-01-01
Maturity Model research in IS has been criticized for the lack of theoretical grounding, methodological rigor, empirical validations, and ignorance of multiple and non-linear paths to maturity. To address these criticisms, this paper proposes a novel set-theoretical approach to maturity models ch...
Two Fourier analyses on the Cantor set
Gatesoupe, M; Salinger, DL
1998-01-01
The classical Cantor set is given the structure of a compact Abelian group in two ways: the Cantor group and the group of dyadic integers. The relations between the trigonometric series with respect to the two structures are studied, specifically for radial functions and for spherical functions. (C)
Hod mice and the mouse set conjecture
Sargsyan, Grigor
2015-01-01
The author develops the theory of Hod mice below AD_{\\mathbb{R}}+ "\\Theta is regular". He uses this theory to show that HOD of the minimal model of AD_{\\mathbb{R}}+ "\\Theta is regular" satisfies GCH. Moreover, he shows that the Mouse Set Conjecture is true in the minimal model of AD_{\\mathbb{R}}+ "\\Theta is regular".
Teaching Creative Writing in a Psychiatric Setting.
Press, Simone N.
This paper reports the results of creative writing workshops in various psychiatric hospitals that have demonstrated that individuals in psychiatric settings have particular needs, affinities, and receptivities to the means of self-expression and communication available through creative writing. The purgative effect of Emily Dickinson's poetry and…
Set point calculations for RAPID project
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
HICKMAN, G.L.
1999-10-18
The Respond and Pump in Days (RAPID) project was initiated to pump part of the contents of tank 241-SY-101 into tank 241-SY-102. This document establishes the basis for all set points and ranges used in the RAPID project.
Priority-setting in health systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Byskov, Jens
2013-01-01
, and surveys in nearby villages have shown a high prevalence of intestinal helminthiasis and schistosomiasis. The HIV prevalence in similar rural settings is about 10% in her age group. She has been losing weight over the last months and now her one-year-old child feels hot and is not eating well. She has...
Teaching Creative Writing in a Psychiatric Setting.
Press, Simone N.
This paper reports the results of creative writing workshops in various psychiatric hospitals that have demonstrated that individuals in psychiatric settings have particular needs, affinities, and receptivities to the means of self-expression and communication available through creative writing. The purgative effect of Emily Dickinson's poetry and…
Mentoring Beginning Teachers and Goal Setting
Hudson, Peter; Hudson, Sue
2016-01-01
Australia has delineated a new direction for teacher education by embedding mentoring programs for teachers who support early-careers teachers as a system approach. This case study investigated how mentors after involvement in a mentoring professional learning program focused on goal setting with beginning teachers in their schools. Data were…
Occupational Therapy in School-Based Settings
Swinth, Yvonne; Chandler, Barbara; Hanft, Barbara; Jackson, Leslie; Shepherd, Jayne
2004-01-01
For the past ten years, concerns have been voiced about the preservice preparation of occupational therapy (OT) practitioners to work in schools and early childhood programs. States and local districts have long complained of shortages of occupational therapists (OTs) in these settings. In addition, the "Twenty-Second Annual Report to Congress on…
Predecessor queries in dynamic integer sets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Brodal, Gerth Stølting
1997-01-01
We consider the problem of maintaining a set of n integers in the range 0.2w–1 under the operations of insertion, deletion, predecessor queries, minimum queries and maximum queries on a unit cost RAM with word size w bits. Let f (n) be an arbitrary nondecreasing smooth function satisfying n...
Mathematics of Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic
Bede, Barnabas
2013-01-01
This book presents a mathematically-based introduction into the fascinating topic of Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic and might be used as textbook at both undergraduate and graduate levels and also as reference guide for mathematician, scientists or engineers who would like to get an insight into Fuzzy Logic. Fuzzy Sets have been introduced by Lotfi Zadeh in 1965 and since then, they have been used in many applications. As a consequence, there is a vast literature on the practical applications of fuzzy sets, while theory has a more modest coverage. The main purpose of the present book is to reduce this gap by providing a theoretical introduction into Fuzzy Sets based on Mathematical Analysis and Approximation Theory. Well-known applications, as for example fuzzy control, are also discussed in this book and placed on new ground, a theoretical foundation. Moreover, a few advanced chapters and several new results are included. These comprise, among others, a new systematic and constructive approach for fuzzy infer...
Nonlinear Differential Systems with Prescribed Invariant Sets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sandqvist, Allan
1999-01-01
We present a class of nonlinear differential systems for which invariant sets can be prescribed.Moreover,we show that a system in this class can be explicitly solved if a certain associated linear homogeneous system can be solved.As a simple application we construct a plane autonomous system having...
Boundary crossings and violations in clinical settings.
Aravind, V K; Krishnaram, V D; Thasneem, Z
2012-01-01
Principles of beneficence, autonomy, and nonmaleficence, compassion along with fiduciary partnership are the core concepts in the doctor-patient relationship in therapeutic settings. There are varieties of reasons for boundary problems. Physicians ignorance, exploitative character, emotional vulnerability moral weakness and similar factors may pave the way for boundary issues resulting in nonsexual or sexual boundary crossings and violations.
Hardware Index to Set Partition Converter
2013-01-01
Boolean matching under permutation by efficient computation of canonical form. IEICE Trans. Fundamentals (12), 3134–3140 (2004) 6. Beeler, M., Gosper...Wesley ISBN: 0-321-58050-8 9. Kawano, S., Nakano, S.: Constant time generation of set partitions. IEICE Trans. Fundamentals E88-A(4), 930–934 (2005) 10
Diophantine approximation and badly approximable sets
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kristensen, S.; Thorn, R.; Velani, S.
2006-01-01
Let (X,d) be a metric space and (Omega, d) a compact subspace of X which supports a non-atomic finite measure m. We consider `natural' classes of badly approximable subsets of Omega. Loosely speaking, these consist of points in Omega which `stay clear' of some given set of points in X. The clas......Let (X,d) be a metric space and (Omega, d) a compact subspace of X which supports a non-atomic finite measure m. We consider `natural' classes of badly approximable subsets of Omega. Loosely speaking, these consist of points in Omega which `stay clear' of some given set of points in X....... The classical set Bad of `badly approximable' numbers in the theory of Diophantine approximation falls within our framework as do the sets Bad(i,j) of simultaneously badly approximable numbers. Under various natural conditions we prove that the badly approximable subsets of Omega have full Hausdorff dimension...
Spectral Dimension from Causal Set Nonlocal Dynamics
Belenchia, Alessio; Marciano, Antonino; Modesto, Leonardo
2015-01-01
We investigate the spectral dimension obtained from non-local continuum d'Alembertians derived from causal sets. We find a universal dimensional reduction to 2 dimensions, in all dimensions. We conclude by discussing the validity and relevance of our results within the broader context of quantum field theories based on these nonlocal dynamics.
Managing Challenging Behaviors in Preschool Settings
Mitchell, Bridgitt Lenore
2014-01-01
Despite state mandated early childhood education (ECE) teacher competencies, many children are removed from preschool settings for behaviors related to socioemotional problems. This study's rationale was the propensity of expulsions among children exhibiting challenging behaviors in preschool programs. Guided by Bronfenbrenner's ecological model…
On Fatou sets concerning Yang-Lee theory
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
QIAO; Jianyong
2005-01-01
The sets of the points corresponding to the complexphases of the Potts model on the diamond hierarchcal lattice arestudied. These sets are the Fatou sets of a family of rationalmappings. The topological structures of these sets are described completely.
The Decoration Theorem for Mandelbrot and Multibrot Sets
Dudko, Dzmitry
2010-01-01
We prove the decoration theorem for the Mandelbrot set (and Multibrot sets) which says that when a "little Mandelbrot set" is removed from the Mandelbrot set, then most of the resulting connected components have small diameters.
Events of Borel Sets, Construction of Borel Sets and Random Variables for Stochastic Finance
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jaeger Peter
2014-09-01
Full Text Available We consider special events of Borel sets with the aim to prove, that the set of the irrational numbers is an event of the Borel sets. The set of the natural numbers, the set of the integer numbers and the set of the rational numbers are countable, so we can use the literature [10] (pp. 78-81 as a basis for the similar construction of the proof. Next we prove, that different sets can construct the Borel sets [16] (pp. 9-10. Literature [16] (pp. 9-10 and [11] (pp. 11-12 gives an overview, that there exists some other sets for this construction. Last we define special functions as random variables for stochastic finance in discrete time. The relevant functions are implemented in the article [15], see [9] (p. 4. The aim is to construct events and random variables, which can easily be used with a probability measure. See as an example theorems (10 and (14 in [20]. Then the formalization is more similar to the presentation used in the book [9]. As a background, further literatures is [3] (pp. 9-12, [13] (pp. 17-20, and [8] (pp.32-35.
Shared decision making within goal setting in rehabilitation settings: A systematic review.
Rose, Alice; Rosewilliam, Sheeba; Soundy, Andrew
2017-01-01
To map out and synthesise literature that considers the extent of shared decision-making (SDM) within goal-setting in rehabilitation settings and explore participants' views of this approach within goal-setting. Four databases were systematically searched between January 2005-September 2015. All articles addressing SDM within goal-setting involving adult rehabilitation patients were included. The literature was critically appraised followed by a thematic synthesis. The search output identified 3129 studies and 15 articles met the inclusion criteria. Themes that emerged related to methods of SDM within goal-setting, participants' views on SDM, perceived benefits of SDM, barriers and facilitators to using SDM and suggestions to improve involvement of patients resulting in a better process of goal-setting. The literature showed various levels of patient involvement existing within goal-setting however few teams adopted an entirely patient-centred approach. However, since the review has identified clear value to consider SDM within goal-setting for rehabilitation, further research is required and practice should consider educating both clinicians and patients about this approach. To enhance the use of SDM within goal-setting in rehabilitation it is likely clinicians and patients will require further education on this approach. For clinicians this could commence during their training at undergraduate level. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Borderline Personality in the Medical Setting
Sansone, Lori A.
2015-01-01
Objective: Individuals with borderline personality disorder in mental health settings tend to present with relationship difficulties, mood instability/dysphoria, and overt self-harm behavior. In contrast, it appears that individuals with borderline personality disorder in medical settings manifest physical symptoms that are medically difficult to substantiate. Through a review of the literature, we examine 2 symptom manifestations among patients with borderline personality in primary care and general medical settings—namely pain sensitivity and multiple somatic complaints. In addition to reviewing the research of others, we also highlight our own investigations into these 2 areas. Data Sources: We conducted a literature search of the PubMed database and a previous version of the PsycINFO search engine (no restrictions). Search terms included borderline personality, borderline personality disorder, personality disorders; chronic pain, pain, pain syndromes; and somatization disorder, Briquet’s syndrome, somatic preoccupation, somatic. Study Selection: Published articles related to borderline personality, pain and somatic symptoms (ie, somatization disorder, somatic preoccupation) were examined. Results: According to our review, the literature indicates higher-than-expected rates of borderline personality disorder among patients in primary care and general medical settings who present with chronic pain conditions and/or somatic preoccupation. Conclusions: Unlike patients with borderline personality disorder in mental health settings, who tend to present with relationship difficulties, mood instability/dysphoria, and overt self-harm behavior, patients with borderline personality disorder in primary care settings tend to present with unsubstantiated chronic pain of various types as well as somatic preoccupation. PMID:26644960
Dimensions of cookie-cutter-like sets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
MA; Jihua(
2001-01-01
［1］Bedford, T., Application of dynamical systems theory to fractals——a study of cookie-cutter sets, in Fractal G eometry and Analysis (eds. Bélair, J., Dubuc, S.), Amsterdam: Kluwer, 1991, 1－44.［2］Falconer, K. J., Techniques in Fractal Geometry, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1997.［3］Takens, F., Hyperbolicity and Sensitive Chaotic Dynamics at Holmoclinic Bifurcations, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990, 53.［4］Falconer, K. J., Fractal Geometry-Mathematical Foundations and Application, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1990.［5］Mattila, P. , Geometry of Sets and Measures in Euclidean Spaces, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.［6］Hua Su, Dimensions for generalized self-similar sets, Acta. Math. Appl. Siniea, 1994, 17(4): 551.［7］Feng Dejun, Wen Zhiying, Wu Jun, Some dimensional results for homogeneous Moran sets, Science in China, Ser. A, 1997,40(5): 475.［8］Hua Su, Rao Hui, Wen Zhiying, et al. , On the structures and dimensions of Moran sets, Science in China, Ser. A, 2000,43(8): 836.［9］Tricot, C., Two definitions of fractal dimensions, Math. Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc., 1982, 91(1): 57.［10］Oxtoby, J., Measure and Category, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1980.［11］Feng Dejun, Hua Su, Wen Zhiying, Some relations between pre-packing measure and packing measure, Bull. London. Math.Soc., 1999, 31: 665.
Developing a Data-Set for Stereopsis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
D.W Hunter
2014-08-01
Full Text Available Current research on binocular stereopsis in humans and non-human primates has been limited by a lack of available data-sets. Current data-sets fall into two categories; stereo-image sets with vergence but no ranging information (Hibbard, 2008, Vision Research, 48(12, 1427-1439 or combinations of depth information with binocular images and video taken from cameras in fixed fronto-parallel configurations exhibiting neither vergence or focus effects (Hirschmuller & Scharstein, 2007, IEEE Conf. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. The techniques for generating depth information are also imperfect. Depth information is normally inaccurate or simply missing near edges and on partially occluded surfaces. For many areas of vision research these are the most interesting parts of the image (Goutcher, Hunter, Hibbard, 2013, i-Perception, 4(7, 484; Scarfe & Hibbard, 2013, Vision Research. Using state-of-the-art open-source ray-tracing software (PBRT as a back-end, our intention is to release a set of tools that will allow researchers in this field to generate artificial binocular stereoscopic data-sets. Although not as realistic as photographs, computer generated images have significant advantages in terms of control over the final output and ground-truth information about scene depth is easily calculated at all points in the scene, even partially occluded areas. While individual researchers have been developing similar stimuli by hand for many decades, we hope that our software will greatly reduce the time and difficulty of creating naturalistic binocular stimuli. Our intension in making this presentation is to elicit feedback from the vision community about what sort of features would be desirable in such software.
LWS/SET Technology Experiment Carrier
Sherman, Barry; Giffin, Geoff
2002-01-01
This paper examines the approach taken to building a low-cost, modular spacecraft bus that can be used to support a variety of technology experiments in different space environments. It describes the techniques used and design drivers considered to ensure experiment independence from as yet selected host spacecraft. It describes the technology experiment carriers that will support NASA's Living With a Star Space Environment Testbed space missions. NASA has initiated the Living With a Star (LWS) Program to develop a better scientific understanding to address the aspects of the connected Sun-Earth system that affect life and society. A principal goal of the program is to bridge the gap between science, engineering, and user application communities. The Space Environment Testbed (SET) Project is one element of LWS. The Project will enable future science, operational, and commercial objectives in space and atmospheric environments by improving engineering approaches to the accommodation and/or mitigation of the effects of solar variability on technological systems. The SET Project is highly budget constrained and must seek to take advantage of as yet undetermined partnering opportunities for access to space. SET will conduct technology validation experiments hosted on available flight opportunities. The SET Testbeds will be developed in a manner that minimizes the requirements for accommodation, and will be flown as flight opportunities become available. To access the widest range of flight opportunities, two key development requirements are to maintain flexibility with respect to accommodation constraints and to have the capability to respond quickly to flight opportunities. Experiments, already developed to the technology readiness level of needing flight validation in the variable Sun-Earth environment, will be selected on the basis of the need for the subject technology, readiness for flight, need for flight resources and particular orbit. Experiments will be
Using Growth Norms to Set Instructional Goals for Struggling Students
Haas, Lindsay B.; Stickney, Eric M.; Ysseldyke, James E.
2016-01-01
The authors examined the extent to which classroom teachers in naturalistic settings used a Goal-Setting Tool to set instructional goals for struggling students, the kinds of goals they set, their progress monitoring practices with and without goals, and the extent to which students gain more when a goal-setting tool is used. The goal-setting tool…
Douma, Johanna G.; Volkers, Karin M.; Engels, Gwenda; Sonneveld, Marieke H.; Goossens, Richard H. M.; Scherder, Erik J. A.
2017-01-01
Background: Despite the detrimental effects of physical inactivity for older adults, especially aged residents of residential care settings may spend much time in inactive behavior. This may be partly due to their poorer physical condition; however, there may also be other, setting-related factors t
Priority setting: what constitutes success? A conceptual framework for successful priority setting
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sibbald Shannon L
2009-03-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background The sustainability of healthcare systems worldwide is threatened by a growing demand for services and expensive innovative technologies. Decision makers struggle in this environment to set priorities appropriately, particularly because they lack consensus about which values should guide their decisions. One way to approach this problem is to determine what all relevant stakeholders understand successful priority setting to mean. The goal of this research was to develop a conceptual framework for successful priority setting. Methods Three separate empirical studies were completed using qualitative data collection methods (one-on-one interviews with healthcare decision makers from across Canada; focus groups with representation of patients, caregivers and policy makers; and Delphi study including scholars and decision makers from five countries. Results This paper synthesizes the findings from three studies into a framework of ten separate but interconnected elements germane to successful priority setting: stakeholder understanding, shifted priorities/reallocation of resources, decision making quality, stakeholder acceptance and satisfaction, positive externalities, stakeholder engagement, use of explicit process, information management, consideration of values and context, and revision or appeals mechanism. Conclusion The ten elements specify both quantitative and qualitative dimensions of priority setting and relate to both process and outcome components. To our knowledge, this is the first framework that describes successful priority setting. The ten elements identified in this research provide guidance for decision makers and a common language to discuss priority setting success and work toward improving priority setting efforts.
Set Matrix Theory as a Physically Motivated Generalization of Zermelo-Fraenkel Set Theory
Cabbolet, Marcoen J T F
2012-01-01
Recently, the Elementary Process Theory (EPT) has been developed as a set of fundamental principles that might underlie a gravitational repulsion of matter and antimatter. This paper presents set matrix theory (SMT) as the foundation of the mathematical-logical framework in which the EPT has been formalized: Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory (ZF), namely, cannot be used as such. SMT is a generalization of ZF: whereas ZF uses only sets as primitive objects, in the framework of SMT finite matrices with set-valued entries are objects sui generis, with a 1\\times1 set matrix [x] being identical to the set x. It is proved that every set that can be constructed in ZF can also be constructed in SMT: as a mathematical foundation, SMT is thus not weaker than ZF. In addition, it is shown that SMT is more suitable han ZF for the intended application to physics. The conclusion is that SMT, contrary to ZF, is acceptable as the mathematical-logical foundation of the framework for physics that is determined by the EPT.
A NEGATIVE ANSWER TO A CONJECTURE ON SELF-SIMILAR SETS WITH OPEN SET CONDITION
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jiandong Yin
2009-01-01
Zhou and Feng posed a conjecture on self-similar set in 2004. In this paper, a self-similar set is constructed which has a best covering but its natural covering is not a best one. Thus, we indeed give a negative answer to the conjecture.
Conceptual frameworks for setting environmental standards.
Philipp, R
1996-01-01
Following the Second European Conference on Environment and Health, held from 20 to 22 June 1994 in Helsinki, the World Health Organization (WHO) established a National Environmental Health Action Plan pilot project. During 1995, and as part of its work for this project with the WHO European Environmental Health Committee, the UK Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution began to seek evidence for the basis of setting environmental standards and to ask if a more consistent and robust basis can be found for establishing them. This paper explores the conceptual frameworks needed to help establish policy and address practical questions associated with different pollutants, exposures and environmental settings. It addresses sustainable development, inter-generational equity and environmental quality, the European Charter on Environment and Health, the Treaty of Maastricht, economic, educational and training issues, risk assessment, the role of environmental epidemiology, and definitions of environmental quality objectives, environmental health indicators, environmental epidemiology and environmental impact assessment.
Some dimensional results for homogeneous Moran sets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
丰德军; 文志英; 吴军
1997-01-01
Let M({nk}k≥1,{ck}k≥1) be the collection of homogeneous Moran sets determined by {nk}k≥1and {ck}k≥1, where {nk}k≥1 is a sequence of positive integers and {ck}k≥1 a sequence of positive numbers. Then the maximal and minimal values of Hausdorff dimensions for elements in M are determined. The result is proved that for any value s between the maximal and minimal values, there exists an element in M{nk}k≥1, {ck}k≥1) such that its Hausdorff dimension is equal to s. The same results hold for packing dimension. In the meantime, some other properties of homogeneous Moran sets are discussed.
Analysis of the real EADGENE data set:
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sørensen, Peter; Bonnet, Agnès; Buitenhuis, Bart
2007-01-01
approach looked at differential expression of predefined gene sets. Gene sets were defined based on information retrieved from biological databases such as Gene Ontology. Based on these annotation sources the teams used either the GlobalTest or the Fisher exact test to identify differentially expressed......) or principal component analysis (PCA) to identify groups of differentially expressed genes with a similar expression pattern over time points and infective agent (E. coli or S. aureus). The main result from these analyses was that HC and PCA were able to separate tissue samples taken at 24 h following E. coli...... infection from the other samples. The second approach identified groups of differentially co-expressed genes, by identifying clusters of genes highly correlated when animals were infected with E. coli but not correlated more than expected by chance when the infective pathogen was S. aureus. The third...
On the Parallel Computation of Characteristic Set
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WUYongwei; YANGGuangwen; LINDongdai; HUANGQifeng; ZHENGWeimin
2004-01-01
As one of the efficient approaches for computing various zero decompositions of any set of multivarlable polynomials, Characteristic set (CS) computation is very compute intensive. In this paper, our purpose is to build an effective parallel computation model for CS. We first present the parallel algorithm for CS computation. Then the term of Polynomial complexity grade (PCG) is defined, and our load balance strategy is put forward based on it as well, On the analysis of two basic transmission methods, we construct one efficient hybrid method for the data communication of parallel CS computation. At last，experiments and timing data have demonstrated the stability and high performance of our parallel computation model for CS method.
Algebraic Construction for Zero-Knowledge Sets
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Rui Xue; Ning-Hui Li; Jiang-Tao Li
2008-01-01
Zero knowledge sets is a new cryptographic primitive introduced by Micali, Rabin, and Kilian in FOCS 2003. It has been intensively studied recently. However all the existing ZKS schemes follow the basic structure by Micali et al. That is, the schemes employ the Merkle tree as a basic structure and mercurial commitments as the commitment units to nodes of the tree. The proof for any query consists of an authentication chain. We propose in this paper a new algebraic scheme that is completely different from all the existing schemes. Our new scheme is computationally secure under the standard strong RSA assumption. Neither mercurial commitments nor tree structure is used in the new construction. In fact, the prover in our construction commits the desired set without any trapdoor information, which is another key important difference from the previous approaches.
Targets set to reduce Lake Erie algae
Evans, Mary
2016-01-01
In February 2016, the Great Lakes Executive Committee, which oversees the implementation of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement (GLWQA) between the U.S. and Canada, approved phosphorus loading targets for Lake Erie to reduce the size of harmful algal blooms (HABs), reduce the presence of the low oxygen zone in the central basin, and protect nearshore water quality. The targets are set with respect to the nutrient loads calculated for 2008. To reduce the impacts of HABs on Lake Erie a target was set of a 40 percent reduction in total and soluble reactive phosphorus loads in the spring from two Canadian rivers and several Michigan and Ohio rivers, especially the Maumee River (https://binational.net/2016/02/22/ finalptargets-ciblesfinalesdep/). States and the province of Ontario are already developing Domestic Action Plans to accomplish the reductions and scientists are developing research and monitoring plans to assess progress.
How Planer Settings Affect Timber Properties
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ann Axelsson
2014-09-01
Full Text Available There are different reasons for planing timber. One is to adjust the cross-sectional dimensions of thickness and width. Another is to adjust the timber's outer shape, usually in order to reduce warp resulting from drying and having the forms of cup, twist, bow, and crook. The end-result depends on the properties of the timber before planing and on the planer design and settings. In the present work it was found that increasing or decreasing the forces exerted on the timber by a four-sided planer does not affect the cutting depth or the twist reduction. The pressure settings do not affect the rectangularity or the amount of unplaned areas on the surfaces either. The possibility to impact the result with this type of planer, apart from the cutting depth and planed dimensions, is slim to none.