WorldWideScience

Sample records for handicrafts

  1. 36 CFR 51.83 - Sale of Native Handicrafts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... labeled or denoted authentic native handicrafts from the concession contract's franchise fee. (b) The sale..., Public Law 101-644, as amended. (c) Definitions. (1) Alaska Native means any citizen of the United States...

  2. Environmental Innovation and Sustainability in Small Handicraft Businesses in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arcelia Toledo-López

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the relationship between environmental innovation and sustainability is analyzed in 168 handicraft businesses in the Mexican states of Oaxaca, Puebla, and Tlaxcala. The results show a direct, positive relationship between environmental innovation and sustainability in three dimensions: economic, social, and environmental. In terms of determination, the variables that best explain sustainability are: organization type, product innovation, and process innovation. The age of the handicraft businesses was not a significant factor in explaining sustainability. This study concludes that handicraft businesses make sustainable choices more as a result of a desire for profit maximization than as a result of environmental consciousness, as can be explained by neoclassical view of economics.

  3. A Collaborative Design Curriculum for Reviving Sheet Metal Handicraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Patrick K. C.

    2015-01-01

    Galvanised sheet metal was a popular and important material for producing handmade home utensils in Hong Kong from the 1930s onwards. It was gradually replaced by new materials like stainless steel and plastic because similar goods made with these are cheaper, more standardised, more durable and of much better quality. The handicrafts behind sheet…

  4. 77 FR 12437 - Importation of Wooden Handicrafts From China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-01

    ... phytopathogenic fungi. Phytopathogenic fungi were determined to be likely to follow the pathway on wooden... minimally affected by this rule. Wooden handicrafts comprised a very small fraction of wood products... Collection Coordinator, at (301) 851-2908. List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 319 Coffee, Cotton, Fruits, Imports...

  5. Handicrafts production: documentation and audiovisual dissemination as sociocultural appreciation technology

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    Luciana Alvarenga

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the results of scientific research, technology and innovation project in the creative economy sector, conducted from January 2014 to January 2015 that aimed to document and disclose the artisans and handicraft production of Vila de Itaúnas, ES, Brasil. The process was developed from initial conversations, followed by planning and conducting participatory workshops for documentation and audiovisual dissemination around the production of handicrafts and its relation to biodiversity and local culture. The initial objective was to promote expression and diffusion spaces of knowledge among and for the local population, also reaching a regional, state and national public. Throughout the process, it was found that the participatory workshops and the collective production of a virtual site for disclosure of practices and products contributed to the development and socio-cultural recognition of artisan and craft in the region.

  6. HANDICRAFT IN LATE BRONZE-EARLY IRON AGE IN NAKHCHIVAN

    OpenAIRE

    Toğrul HALİLOV

    2012-01-01

    The article handicraft have been learnt in the Nakhchivan late bronze-early iron age. It was defined that pottery wasone of the ancient craftsmanship areas in Nakhichivan. At that time Nakhichivan, as well as the other regions of Azerbaijan, was an important centre of craftsmanship. The pottery products differed from one another in their size, shape, ornaments on them, the material the were made of and the technology. The pottery products made by Nakhichivan potters were divided into two grou...

  7. The model for estimation production cost of embroidery handicraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nofierni; Sriwana, IK; Septriani, Y.

    2017-12-01

    Embroidery industry is one of type of micro industry that produce embroidery handicraft. These industries are emerging in some rural areas of Indonesia. Embroidery clothing are produce such as scarves and clothes that show cultural value of certain region. The owner of an enterprise must calculate the cost of production before making a decision on how many products are received from the customer. A calculation approach to production cost analysis is needed to consider the feasibility of each order coming. This study is proposed to design the expert system (ES) in order to improve production management in the embroidery industry. The model will design used Fuzzy inference system as a model to estimate production cost. Research conducted based on survey and knowledge acquisitions from stakeholder of supply chain embroidery handicraft industry at Bukittinggi, West Sumatera, Indonesia. This paper will use fuzzy input where the quality, the complexity of the design and the working hours required and the result of the model are useful to manage production cost on embroidery production.

  8. TECHNOLOGY FOR DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRONIC TEXTBOOK ON HANDICRAFTS METHODOLOGY

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    Iryna V. Androshchuk

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The main approaches to defining the concept of electronic textbook have been analyzed in the article. The main advantages of electronic textbooks in the context of future teachers’ training have been outlined. They are interactivity, feedback provision, availability of navigation and search engine. The author has presented and characterized the main stages in the technology of development of an electronic textbook on Handicraft and Technology Training Methodology: determination of its role and significance in the process of mastering the discipline; justification of its structure; outline of the stages of its development in accordance with the defined structure. The characteristic feature of the developed electronic textbook is availability of macro- and microstructure. Macrostructure is viewed as a sequence of components of the electronic textbook that are manifested in its content; microstructure is considered to be an internal pattern of each component of macrostructure.

  9. The utilization of social networking as promotion media (Case study: Handicraft business in Palembang)

    OpenAIRE

    Rahadi, Dedi Rianto; Abdillah, Leon Andretti

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays social media (Twitter, Facebook, etc.), not only simply as communication media, but also for promotion. Social networking media offers many business benefits for companies and organizations. Research purposes is to determine the model of social network media utilization as a promotional media for handicraft business in Palembang city. Qualitative and quantitative research design are used to know how handicraft business in Palembang city utilizing social media networking as a promotio...

  10. Government intervention in women entrepreneurship development: opportunities and challenges for Bumiputera women entrepreneurs (BWEs) in the handicraft industry in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Topimin, S

    2015-01-01

    This study provides insights into the influences of government intervention on the business survival of Bumiputera women entrepreneurs in the handicraft industry in Malaysia in which Bumiputera refers to the indigenous people and the largest population group in the country. The Malaysian handicraft industry is largely made up of Bumiputera women entrepreneurs (BWEs). While very little is known about how BWEs in the handicraft industry in Malaysia manage the survival of their businesses, the i...

  11. Alternative Entrepreneurship in Thailand: Weavers and the Northeastern Handicraft and Women's Development Network.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jongeward, Carolyn

    2001-01-01

    The crafts sector is a significant arena of rural nonfarm employment in Thailand. A handicrafts network focused on women's development helps rural women weavers not only with enterprise development and marketing but also environmental and health issues for appropriate and sustainable development. (SK)

  12. Aquatic vascular plants as handicraft: a case study in southern Brazil

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    Mabel R. Báez-Lizarazo

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT This study aimed to evaluate knowledge about and the usage and importance of aquatic vascular plants (AVPs in the production of handicrafts by communities on the north coast of the state of Rio Grande do Sul in southern Brazil. The snowball technique was employed to locate people who use and have knowledge regarding the use of AVPs for handicrafts. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and guided tours with 35 interviewees who were involved in artisanal activity at the time of the study. The data were analyzed using the importance value (IV index and the consensus value for the forms of use (CMU. The Spearman correlation test (rs was employed to determine the correlations of each social variable with the knowledge variables, and Mann-Whitney U tests to verify whether men and women exhibited differences in knowledge. The interviewees cited 16 AVPs that were employed in 17 types of handicrafts, among which the four main species were Schoenoplectus californicus, Typha domingensis, T. latifolia and Androtrichum giganteum. Interviewee age, residence time on site and time working with handicrafts were the main social parameters that described the level of knowledge and use of AVPs. These AVPs reflect cultural knowledge and complement family incomes.

  13. Agricultural, domestic and handicraft folk uses of plants in the Tyrrhenian sector of Basilicata (Italy

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    Guarrera Paolo

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Research was carried out into agricultural and domestic-handicraft uses in folk traditions in the Tyrrhenian sector of the Basilicata region (southern Italy, as it is typically representative of ethnobotanical applications in the Mediterranean area. From the point of view of furnishing a botanical support for the study of local "material culture" data was collected through field interviews of 49 informants, most of whom were farmers. Results The taxa cited are 60, belonging to 32 botanical families, of which 18 are employed for agricultural uses and 51 for domestic-handicraft folk uses. Data show a diffuse use of plants for many purposes, both in agricultural (present uses 14%; past uses 1% and for domestic-handicraft use (present uses 40%; past uses 45%; most of the latter are now in decline. Conclusion 60 data look uncommon or typical of the places studied. Some domestic-handicraft folk uses are typical of southern Italy (e.g. the use of Ampelodesmos mauritanicus for making ties, ropes, torches, baskets or that of Acer neapolitanum for several uses. Other uses (e.g. that of Inula viscosa and Calamintha nepeta for peculiar brooms, and of Origanum heracleoticum for dyeing wool red are previously unpublished.

  14. HOW JOBS IN AGRICULTURE AND HANDICRAFT HAVE OPPORTUNITIES IN TOURISM DEVELOPMENT

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    Ni Made Ary Widiastini

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to describe a tourism industry which needs a variety of tourism products with an implication on the emergence of various forms of business opportunities with large, medium and small scales. The presence of a variety of tourists’ needs have caused a variety of tourism products too. Agriculture, animal husbandry, and handicraft which are needed by tourists are sectors which need a lot of workers as producers, distributors and sellers. In the study reported in the present paper is shown that the agricultural products of Bali cannot only be used as agro-tourism, but whose products can also be processed to become a variety of handicrafts. Similarly, animal husbandry which Balinese community people have focused on produces products that can be offered in a culinary tourism in which they are processed by using Balinese ingredients and offered in an appropriate wrapping which suits the market needs, while the specificity of Balinese culture has been able to produce a variety of forms of handicrafts the local and foreign tourists love. Through developments in the three sectors above, if the people can focus their attention on them and if the government can accommodate it that will be able to be used as an alternative solution to the national economy.  Although in their actions they can only serve as sellers, as what has been the focus of street vendors, they actually act as safety valve of the government in overcoming unemployment problems and economic problems for themselves and their families. For this reason, it is expected that the government gives them a more conducive condition for the improvement of economy to be made starting from the family level, as part of the state of Indonesia.

  15. Shop Class for the Next Millenium: Education through Computer-Enriched Handicrafts

    OpenAIRE

    Eisenberg, Mike; Eisenberg, Ann Nishioka

    1998-01-01

    In this paper we use our experiences with the HyperGami program as a springboard for a broader look at the future of computationally-enriched handicrafts. HyperGami is an educational application for the design and construction of mathematical models and sculptures in paper; as such, it serves as a source of examples and insights for the more general problem of how to integrate the "high-tech" features of computation with the "low-tech" features of traditional craft materials in education. We ...

  16. Digital economy, Websites and SMEs of the handicraft industry in Peru

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franklin Duarte Cueva

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The companies are operating in complex, dynamic and uncertain environments that it difficult to compete. The e-economy each time has a major presence in business world, then, the small entrepreneurs must design strategies based on Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs, particularly the use of Internet, to improve company performance. Thus, the efficient implementation of websites is a mechanism that should exploit exporting small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs or with export potential, of the handicrafts industry, to communicate desired company image and optimize customer service, this it has implications who require to be analyzed to make an effective use of the ICTs.

  17. EDUCATION OF PATRIOTICALLY ORIENTED YOUNG GENERATION BY MEANS OF UKRAINIAN HANDICRAFTS

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    Gadiella Galambosh

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The relevance of the problem of educating young generation’s patriotism under modern conditions is substantiated in the article. The concept of the terms «patriotism» and «patriotic education» is considered. The concept of national-patriotic education of children and youth is analyzed. Much attention is paid to Ukrainian handicrafts educational influence on patriotic upbringing of younger generation. Work experience of the Faculty of Technology and Design оf V. G. Korolenko Poltava National Pedagogical University is presented.

  18. Development of Phanan Pandanus Handicraft Design for the Furniture Industry in Promotion of Creative-Based Economy

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    Payomrat Ruangrit

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This research study is a qualitative research which aims to (1 study the background of Phanan pandanus weaving handicraft, (2 study the problems encountered in development of Phanan pandanus weaving handicraft for the furniture industry, and (3 determine appropriate ways to develop suitable pandanus handicraft designs to promote the creative economy. The target area of this research was composed of three Thai provinces; Trang, Krabi and Satun. The research methods were study of books and printed matters, observation, interviews, group discussions and a workshop. The research findings revealed that the background and current status of Phanan pandanus weaving in each target group was similarly initiated as an ancestral legacy. Learning skill was acquired through observation without any particular textbooks. The learning activity was first started with small groups, which were extended into large groups with 20-30 members. The average age of group members is 40 years and older, with educational levels between Prathom 6 (upper primary to Mathayom 6 (upper secondary. The products made by each group are similar. In terms of the marketplace, each group aims at the domestic market. Each member earns approximately 2,500-6,000 baht per month. In terms of the problems of Phanan pandanus weaving, handicraft production mainly suffers from a lack of designers, lack of support from the government sector, unaffordable costs of hiring designers, lack of creativity in producing new products and inability to produce large quantities of products due to time consumption. According to the research findings, there are 3 guideline areas for development of Phanan pandanus handicraft design for the furniture industry in promotion of creative-based economy: (1 Guidelines for development of pandanus handicraft design; (2 Guidelines for management; (3 Guidelines for the incorporation of other equipment and materials.

  19. Management of Mauritia flexuosa L.f. for the handicraft production in Orinoco high plains, Colombia

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    Laura Isabel Mesa Castellanos

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We present information about the spear leaves harvest, fiber processing and trade of Mauritia flexuosa L.f. for the handicrafts production by the Sikuani people in Wacoyo indigenous Village, in Puerto Gaitán, Meta, Colombia. We made  a semi-structured interviews and workshops with harvesters, artisans and traders. During these sessions we inquired about their harvesting techniques, characteristics of harvestable individuals, distribution area of the palms, market aspects  and other uses of the species. Mauritia flexuosa, locally known as moriche, is one of the economic livelihoods for the artisans who inhabit the Wacoyo reservation. The harvest of spear leaves is carried out  in juvenile and subadult palms. The fibers are extracted from the spear leaves to manufacture handicrafts like bags, baskets, hats and hammocks. Artisans sell the products to tourists visiting the reservation, and intermediary sellers who commercialize them in the municipality center of Puerto Gaitán and Puerto Lopez, Meta. The use of M. flexuosa has the potential to become a sustainable activity, since the leaf harvest does not involve the death of the individuals.

  20. Analysis of the Role of Handicraft Production in Rural Sustainable Development: A Case of Sar Aqa Seyyed, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari

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    Javad Divandari

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Prioritizing the Rural development is one of the fundamental concerns of the Islamic Republic of Iran that is not achieved only through the agriculture development in villages of Iran, since weakness of agricultural foundations affect the unstable ecological conditions including the shortage of agricultural fields and the lack of the increase in number of land plots under cultivation, and cannot provide the proper social and economic indices for rural development. Experiences of successful countries in the rural development show the importance of the village industrialization in creating the job opportunities and preventing the rural migration to the cities. Theory of development and industrialization of rural areas is a factor affecting the economic and social development process and may be considered as the last solution for solving the problem of poverty in the rural areas as we see its success in China through this paper. Therefore, this paper examines the role of the handicraft production in sustainable development in the Sar Aqa Seyyed village. A number of handicrafts including carpet weaving as the main handicrafts of Sar Aqa Seyyed village are still flourishing. Handicraft production and development in this village not only creates employment opportunities and income, but also can play a major role in sustainable development and the village independence.

  1. ‘A Bazaar in the Coliseum': Marketing Southeast Asian Handicrafts in New York, 1956

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    Jennifer Way

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This essay reconstitutes the meaning and significance of places, objects and people associated with an unstudied pavilion displaying handicrafts at the Southeast Asia Rehabilitation and Trade Development Exhibit held in the New York Coliseum from 25 June to 29 June, 1956. It pays particular attention to the ways the importance assigned to the pavilion correlates with general features of Orientalism that Edward Said analyzed in his book of the same name. Following its publication in 1978, some American cultural historians changed their focus from Europe to the United States, and from the West’s relationship with the Middle East to its relationship with Asia. In this essay, I move the geography of their scholarship from Asia to Southeast Asia and place emphasis on Vietnam. Furthermore, I identify the use of local material and visual culture in U.S. State Department aid programs active in the region, within American Cold War imperatives. The ‘tent-like enclosure’ featured in the Coliseum aimed to display ‘oriental objects’ in an environment that was to appear natural and convey the spirit of the places where they were made; it was to have ‘the atmosphere of an oriental bazaar’. The objects consisted of handicrafts that renowned American industrial designer Russel Wright collected during a recent trip he made to Southeast Asia on behalf of the U.S. State Department’s International Cooperation Administration. The ICA contracted Wright to evaluate the feasibility of establishing a multi-year program to produce and export handicrafts from there to the United States. I examine how Wright’s activity in Southeast Asia and New York City, along with the purpose, appearance and location of the pavilion in the Coliseum, prompted Wright, the pavilion’s designers, American government officials and the press to consider it ‘oriental,’ and its contents antithetical to characteristics of contemporary American culture yet also well-suited to

  2. Indian Handicrafts in Globalization Times: An analysis of Global-Local Dynamics

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    Pradeep Kumar Jena

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Globalization – which refers to the growing integration of societies, economies and cultures around the world, has become one of the most hotly-debated topics and key area of research among the policy makers, statesmen, corporate, politicians and academia respectively over the past few years. As India opens up her doors to the multinationals during the era of economic reform and liberalized market, putting an end to the ‘license raj’, it is not only the economies that often meet in the global market sphere, but also the people and cultures, which bring a new dimension to the multi-cultural setting. What we can see in present day modern world is that there is always a cross-cultural interaction between the ‘local’ and ‘global’ and the much discussed ‘global village’, is now not just a possibility but a reality despite many contradictions. Talking about Indian Handicrafts, which constitutes a significant segment of the decentralized sector of the economy, its export has reached at a commendable height. Indian folk art and crafts which are the integral parts of the Indian culture and tradition, are in high demand among the western consumers. Again, foreign fashion industry borrows a great deal from Indian appliquéd motifs Saree designs, an ethnic Indian wear. Needless to say, the borders between the world cultures are now eroding out and becoming irrelevant, therefore prompting to call it as a deterritorialized world.But notwithstanding, the real concern for many of us is that, can the ‘local’ really meet with the ‘global’ by truly sustaining its localness? The biggest problem in the Indian Handicraft industry is that the village craftsmen remain concerned that with free trade and mass production, hand-made products from other parts of the world will out price the products of their hard labour. So the basic question arises, is globalization a panacea for every human problems that the mother earth is facing now? With a

  3. Preservation of Cultural Heritage Embodied in Traditional Crafts in the Developing Countries. A Case Study of Pakistani Handicraft Industry

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    Yongzhong Yang

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Cultural heritage embodied in traditional crafts is an integral part of any nation which reflects the culture and tradition of a particular region. Although the importance of handicraft has been widely recognized, the literature regarding preservation of traditional craft is scarce. The present paper aimed to explore and identify issues faced by traditional craftsmanship in developing countries and to address those issues in order to contribute to the sustainability of traditional craft heritage and ensure continuous transmission of craft skills and knowledge from generation to generation. Our study identified several key issues which poses substantial challenges to the preservation of traditional craft heritage in developing countries. In order to add empirical evidence, we examined the case of Pakistani handicraft industry that provided further understanding of highlighted issues which traditional craft heritage face. We have suggested some policies to promote, develop and preserve the traditional craft heritage. The significance of these policy suggestions is underlined with the case study of Pakistan.

  4. Comparative study between Federer and Gomez method for number of replication in complete randomized design using simulation: study of Areca Palm (Areca catechu) as organic waste for producing handicraft paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ihwah, A.; Deoranto, P.; Wijana, S.; Dewi, I. A.

    2018-03-01

    The part of Areca Palm (Areca catechu) that economical is the seed. It is commercially available in dried, cured and fresh forms, while the fibre is usually thrown away. Cellulose fibers from agricultural waste can be utilized as raw material for handicraft paper. Laboratory research showed that Areca palm fibre contained 70.2% of cellulose, 10.92% of water, and 6.02% of ash. This indicated that Areca palm fibre is very potential to be processed as handicraft paper. Handicraft paper is made of wastepaper or plants which cointain celluloce to produce rough-textured paper. In order to obtain preferred sensory quality of handicraft paper such as color, fiber appearance and texture as well as good physical quantity such as tensile strength, tear resistance and grammage, the addition of wastepaper to provide secondary fibre and sometimes adhesive are needed in making handicraft paper. Handicraft paper making was one alternative to treat the solid waste and to reduce the use of wood fiber as paper raw material. The aim of this study is to compare the two most famous method, i.e. Federer and Gomez Method, for calculate the number of replications. This study is preliminary research before do the research in order to get the best treatment to produce handicraft paper. The Gomez method calculates fewer replications than the Federer method. Based on data simulation the error generated using 3 replicates of 0.0876 while using 2 replicates of 0.1032.

  5. The Effect of Chitosan Dosage Againts Liquid Waste Water Color on "Oriens Handicraft" Sasirangan Home Industry, Landasan Ulin

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    Arifin Arifin

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The growth of sasirangan fabricated prodution has brought positive impact on the welfare of Banjarnese people.  On the other hand, it also have negative impacts in the form environmental pollution as a result of sasirangan industrial liquid waste disposal without any proper treatment proccess. This study aims to determine the effect of chitosan dosage againts liquid waste water color on "Oriens Handicraft" sasirangan home industry. This is an experimental study, the test was conducted in the chemistry laboratory of environmental health department while the color level examination conducted at the Banjarbaru Industrial Standardization and Research Center. One way anova test with α = 0,05% was used for analyzed the data while chitosan regression statistic test with 84% deacetylation degree can be utilized as coagulant material for environmentally friendly sasirangan wastewater treatment with dose variation from 600, 650,700, 750 untill to 800 mg / lt. The highest color concentration eduction occurred at 750 mg / lt doses with 50,5% reduction and the lowest control at 650 mg/lt dose by 43%. The results showed that there were significant differences between color level and chitosan dose. Therefore, the government needs to play a significant role in sasirangan liquid waste treatment by using natural and environmentally friendly coagulant materials such as chitosan.

  6. Espaços comerciais de artesanato: apenas um espaço turístico? * Handicraft commercial spaces: just tourist spaces?

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    GABRIELA SOUSA RIBEIRO

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Defendemos que se um espaço se torna exclusivamente focado no turismo, pode perder a sua vida, sendo abandonado e desinteressante para população local e externa. Assim, este artigo busca analisar – a partir de pesquisas empíricas (com a população local e bibliográficas –quais aspectos precisam estar presentes em espaços comerciais de artesanato da cidade de Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil para permitir a consolidação da dinâmica sociocultural local, possibilitando à população local ter mais espaços percebidos como lugares, por acomodar suas vivências socioculturais, além de incrementar o turismo.Palavras-chave: Artesanato – Espaços comerciais de artesanato – Vivências socioculturais – Identificação sociocultural. Abstract: When a space becomes exclusively focused on tourism, it can lose its life and become unattractive to and abandoned by both local and external populations. As such, this paper aims to analyze the features that need to be present in handicraft commercial spaces to facilitate consolidation of the local sociocultural dynamic. Toward this end, this study conducted bibliographic and empirical research (via the local population on the city of Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil. In addition to boosting tourism, accommodating the sociocultural experiences of the local population enables them to have more spaces actually perceived as places.Keywords: HandicraftsHandicraft commercial spaces – Sociocultural experiences – Sociocultural identification.

  7. Visual Arts and Handicrafts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkel, Lois

    1998-01-01

    Lists recommended book titles for children on art, crafts, artists, optical illusions, and drawing. Provides the address for a Web site featuring art activities and information about artists for children. (PEN)

  8. Plants as highly diverse sources of construction wood, handicrafts and fibre in the Heihe valley (Qinling Mountains, Shaanxi, China): the importance of minor forest products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Jin; Kang, Yongxiang; Feng, Jing; Liu, Mengying; Ji, Xiaolian; Li, Dengwu; Stawarczyk, Kinga; Łuczaj, Łukasz

    2017-06-30

    Chinese rural communities living among species-rich forests have little documentation on species used to make handicrafts and construction materials originating from the surrounding vegetation. Our research aimed at recording minor wood uses in the Heihe valley in the Qinling mountains. We carried out 37 semi-structured interviews in seven villages. We documented the use of 84 species of plants. All local large canopy trees are used for some purpose. Smaller trees and shrubs which are particularly hard are selectively cut. The bark of a few species was used to make shoes, hats, steamers and ropes, but this tradition is nearly gone. A few species, mainly bamboo, are used for basket making, and year-old willow branches are used for brushing off the chaff during wheat winnowing. The traditional use of wood materials documented suggests that some rare and endangered tree species may have been selectively cut due to their valuable wood, e.g. Fraxinus mandshurica and Taxus wallichiana var. chinensis. Some other rare species, e.g. Dipteronia sinensis, are little used and little valued.

  9. HANDICRAFTS MOTIFS’ REFLECTION IN FOLKSAY IN KONYA REGION KONYA YÖRESİ EL SANATLARINDA ANLAM YÜKLÜ MOTİFLERİN HALK DİLİNE YANSIMASI

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    Emine NAS

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Turkish folk culture which incorporates material and spiritual concepts like history, belief, language, philosophy, art which continually has a continually developing dynamic structure. Language which enables social and cultural communication within this structure is a living treasure which feeds on customs and traditions of the people’s lifestyle and reaches to literary relish, thinking and eloquence and which symbolically lives in varieties local handicrafts. When Turkish handicraft history is reviewed, Konya region stands out with its rich accumulation and cultural structure. Knitting and embroidery which can be regarded among Konya folk plastic arts includes a rich vocabulary about the motifs which people coined with regard to three main periods shaping human life; birth, marriage and death. This vocabulary treasure preserving its functions as consolidator of harmony, unity and solidarity in the society is a product of folklore and functions as transmitters of culture which maintain tradition in communication only among women. This study aims to document some of samples in this rich vocabulary which were coined in relation to motifs and thus contribute to database on Turkish cultural history. Türk halk kültürü; tarih, inanç, dil, felsefe, sanat gibi maddimanevi kavramlar bütününü bünyesinde barındıran ve sürekli gelişim gösteren dinamik bir yapıya sahiptir. Bu sistem içinde sosyal ve kültürel iletişimi sağlayan dil; halkın yaşam biçiminde gelenek ve göreneklerden beslenerek, edebî zevk, düşünce ve anlatım gücüne ulaşan varlığı ile yöresel el sanatı çeşitlerinde de sembolik olarak yaşayan bir hazinedir. Türk el sanatları geçmişine bakıldığında Konya yöresi, tarihi birikimi ve kültürel yapısı ile önem taşımaktadır. Konya halk plastik sanatları içinde değerlendirilebilecek; örücülük ve işlemecilik alanlarında; doğum, evlenme ve ölüm gibi insan yaşamını şekillendiren

  10. Natural Disasters, Gender and Handicrafts

    OpenAIRE

    Takasaki, Yoshito

    2012-01-01

    Using original post-disaster household survey data gathered in rural Fiji, this article explores the disaster–gender nexus. Female-headed households are disadvantaged, not because of bias against them in disaster damage or relief, but because of a newly emerging gendered division of labour for dwelling rehabilitation that tightens their constraints on intra-household labour allocation. Female-headed households with damaged dwellings resort to female labour activities connected with informal r...

  11. La Artesania Mexicana (Mexican Handicrafts).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steele, Bettina

    This booklet contains instructions in English and Spanish for making eleven typical Mexican craft articles. The instructions are accompanied by pen-and-ink drawings. The objects are (1) "La Rosa" (The Rose); (2) "El Crisantemo" (The Chrysanthemum); (3) "La Amapola" (The Poppy); (4) "Ojos de Dios" (God's Eyes); (5) "Ojitos con dos caras" (Two-Sided…

  12. Talcose entre artesãos em pedra-sabão em uma localidade rural do Município de Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brasil Talc pneumoconiosis among soapstone handicraft workers in a rural area of Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olívia Maria de Paula Alves Bezerra

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available A talcose é uma pneumoconiose ainda pouco estudada em nosso meio. Sua ocorrência foi investigada no Distrito de Mata dos Palmitos, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brasil, entre artesãos em pedra-sabão, que trabalham em produção de base familiar, de caráter informal. Na localidade, vivem cerca de 180 habitantes, dos quais 108 se ocupam com o artesanato em pedra-sabão e 15 alternam a produção de peças artesanais com as atividades nas minas. Foram realizados exames clínicos, enfatizando a história ocupacional; questionário padronizado de sintomas respiratórios; radiografia de tórax (padrão OIT e espirometria. Observou-se baixa prevalência de queixas respiratórias, e a dispnéia foi o sintoma mais freqüente. A ocorrência de bronquite crônica foi identificada em 12 trabalhadores adultos. O exame radiológico de tórax evidenciou pequenas opacidades pulmonares em cinco trabalhadores, e 11 foram considerados suspeitos. Um trabalhador apresentou espessamento pleural em placa. Alterações na espirometria foram observadas em sete trabalhadores. O estudo da composição da poeira revelou a presença de fibras respiráveis de asbesto do grupo dos anfibólios (tremolita-actinolita. Esses resultados sugerem a ocorrência de talcoasbestose entre os artesãos em pedra-sabão.Talc pneumoconiosis in Brazil has received little research attention to date. The disease was investigated in Mata dos Palmitos, a district of Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais State, among soapstone handicraft workers. The district has some 180 inhabitants, of whom 108 are engaged in handicrafts production, while 15 alternate handicrafts production with work in the soapstone quarries. A clinical and occupational investigation was conducted, along with a respiratory symptoms standardized questionnaire, chest x-ray (ILO standard, and spirometry. Clinical data showed a low prevalence of respiratory complaints. Dyspnea was the most frequent symptom. Chronic bronchitis was identified in

  13. O uso do camalote, Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms, Pontederiaceae, para confecção de artesanato no Distrito de Albuquerque, Corumbá, MS, Brasil The use of the camalote, Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms, Pontederiaceae, for handicraft in the District of Albuquerque, Corumbá, MS, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ieda Maria Bortolotto

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms, conhecida localmente como camalote, é uma planta aquática nativa da América do Sul, abundante no Pantanal. Os índios Guató usavam essa planta no Pantanal para a confecção de esteiras para dormir. Atualmente a comunidade não indígena do distrito de Albuquerque, Corumbá, MS, está fazendo artesanato com essa planta. O processo foi ensinado por uma índia Guató (74 anos que manteve a tradição de trançar o camalote. O uso do camalote para a confecção de artesanato é descrito aqui. O método utilizado inclui entrevistas semi-estruturadas e observação participante. A extração do camalote é feita nos rios, corixos e lagoas da região. As folhas são cortadas e somente os pecíolos são transportados para casa, lavados em água corrente e colocados para secar ao sol. Depois de secos os pecíolos são trançados e costurados. A técnica original dos Guató consiste em costurar o artesanato com linhas confeccionadas com algodão (Gossypium sp. ou tucum (Bactris sp., atualmente substituídos por fios de nylon, em Albuquerque. O artesanato é vendido aos turistas.Eichhornia crassipes (Mart. Solms, known locally as camalote, is an aquatic plant indigenous to South America, abundant in the Pantanal, Brazil. Guató Indians used it for making sleeping mats in the Pantanal. The non-Indian community of Albuquerque, Corumbá, MS, nowadays, is also using it for the same purposes. An ancient Guató Indian 74 years old taught the process. The use of the camalote for handicraft in Albuquerque is described here. The methods of investigation included both semi structured interviews and participant observations. The extraction of the camalote is made on the rivers, corixos and lagoons of the area. The leaf blades are cut and only petioles are carried to the houses, washed in clear water, and dried in the sun. After dried, the petioles are woven and sewed. The Guató original technique consists of sewing the craft

  14. 75 FR 57864 - Importation of Wooden Handicrafts from China

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-23

    ... reduction is required for a regulated article, unless the article is treated with kiln drying conducted in... laboratory facilities (a drying oven and an environmental chamber) at temperatures and durations ranging from....). List of Subjects in 7 CFR Part 319 Coffee, Cotton, Fruits, Imports, Logs, Nursery stock, Plant diseases...

  15. Contribution to the development of an intervention model of design in handicrafts

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira, Ângela Augusta de Sá

    2014-01-01

    Tese de doutoramento em Engenharia Têxtil (ramo de conhecimento em Gestão e Design) Os produtos artesanais foram caindo em desuso por serem dispendiosos e nem sempre acompanharem as “exigências” dos consumidores. A globalização, a massificação e a rápida circulação de bens permitem ao consumidor o acesso a uma ampla oferta de produtos substitutos dos artesanais pelas suas características mais apelativas ao nível do preço, da adequação às tendências, da facilidade de compra a at...

  16. Sustainable and ICT-Enabled Development in Developing Areas: An E-Heritage E-Commerce Service for Handicraft Marketing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muhammad, Tufail; Kim, Kwan Myung

    2018-04-01

    Human-induced threats serve as potential hazards to cultural heritage assets, especially in developing areas where the local community, in general, is a deprived class. Sustainable tourism development is acknowledged as an economic activity to ensure careful management of assets along with local community empowerment and participation. As such, ICT-enabled development is applied in rural development projects to promote sustainable rural livelihood, but success is still limited due to a lack of community involvement and sharing in the economic gains of tourism. With this perspective in mind, the present study focuses on emerging marketing models (e-commerce) that can provide new business ventures for local communities by identifying critical online marketing elements driven by local residents.

  17. An empirical study on the effect of WTO membership on Iranian Handicraft industry: A case study of Persian carpet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Shirzour Aliabadi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The world Trade Organization (WTO is one of the few organizations, which could significantly influence on foreign trade and consequently on the economic structure of the countries. There are literally different people in Iran who either encourage or discourage WTO membership. Therefore, it is important to analyze Iran’s WTO membership to empower Iranian handmade carpet in international trades and to help improvement in quality of production. The purpose of this research is to study the effects of Iran’s membership in WTO to empower this industry by performing an empirical survey among 100 experts in this industry. Findings demonstrate that access to WTO plays an important role on increasing production of handmade carpet and developing this industry. In addition, the industry needs to incorporate the recent advances on technology to ensure cost efficient production materials. The industry also needs more creative and innovative ideas due to an increase competition in handmade carpet producers from other countries.

  18. ARTISTIC ACTIVITY AMONG THE ELDERLY AS A FORM OF LIFELONG LEARNING, BASED UPON THE OPINIONS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF WROCŁAW’S UNIVERSITY OF THE THIRD AGE HANDICRAFT GROUP MEMBERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beata Działa

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the topic of creativity and artistic activity among elderly people in the context of claims related to the idea of lifelong learning. It discusses the phenomenon of creativity and how senior citizens can benefit from it. The artistic activity of people in the age of late adulthood is also discussed in that context. In the last part of the text, theoretical claims are collated with what the artistic groups’ elderly members themselves said during a focus group interview

  19. Cultural Origin and Production Technology of Xinjiang Traditional Handicraft Instruments%新疆传统手工技艺乐器文化渊源及制作工艺

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄适远

    2016-01-01

    The playing style, production technology and cultural origin of Aijieke, Qiang and Sibuzie, which are Xinjiang traditional handmade musical instruments, are introduced in this paper.%介绍了新疆传统手工技艺乐器艾捷克、锵、斯布孜额的演奏风格、制作工艺以及文化渊源。

  20. Energy efficient technology - from this all will benefit; Energieeffiziente Technik - davon profitieren alle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2009-02-15

    Within the International Trade Fair of Craft between 11th and 17th March, 2009 in Munich (Federal Republic of Germany) the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) presented the following lectures: (1) The handicraft in context to demography - The demography in the east German federal states (Thomas Satzmann); (2) The handicraft in the financial crisis (Joachim Garrecht); (3) The transformation of the service regulation (Thomas Ernst); (4) Future handicraft (Joachim Garrecht); (5) Journalist Special: Use of electronic media such as podcast and internet-TV for public relations in the handicraft (Michael Bachmann); (6) Standardization at small and medium-sized enterprises (Thomas Ernst); (7) Crafts and tourism (Evelin Friedrich); (8) The handicraft in the financial crisis (Joachim Garrecht); (9) Activation of facades in existing buildings in combination with air heat and solar thermal power - Theory and reports from the practice (Jens Wolfensteller, Volker Drexel); (10) Fiscal reform in favour of the handicraft (Joachim Garrecht, Johannes Hoefer); (11) The transformation of the service regulation (Thomas Ernst); (12) Mould fungus, dangerous subtenant - General aspects to mould fungi, recognition, health aspects and removal (Sabine Hoer); (13) The energy competency centre of the Chamber of Commerce Potsdam (Herbert Pape); (14) The handicraft in the financial crisis (Joachim Garrecht); (15) Standardization at small and medium-sized enterprises (Thomas Ernst); (16) Reformation of the inheritance tax (Joachim Garrecht, Johannes Hoefer); (17) Amendment of the law for chimneysweepers (Joachim Garrecht); (18) Future handicraft (Joachim Garrecht); (19) Handicraft and tourism (Evelin Friedrich); (20) Politics in favour of the handicraft (Joachim Garrecht); (21) Reformation of the inheritance tax (Joachim Garrecht); (22) Challenges of the demography in the handicraft (Evelin Friedrich); (23) The handicraft in the financial crisis

  1. Entre el textil y el ámbar: Las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal en artesanos tsotsiles de La Ilusión, Chiapas, México

    OpenAIRE

    Perla Shiomara Del Carpio Ovando

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this research is to study the psychosocial functions of the artisan work made by indigenous artisans from a Tsotsil community in Chiapas, Mexico. The analysis of handicrafts encourages reflection on economic aspects in intimate relation with cultural and psychosocial elements. It is argued that those who work on the production of handicrafts face many difficulties such as precariousness, little social recognition, discrimination and exclusion. Despite this all, handicrafts...

  2. PELATIHAN TEKNIK ELEKTROPLATING NIKEL BAGI INDUSTRI KERAJINAN KUNINGAN DI DESA KAMASAN KABUPATEN KLUNGKUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. G. Tirta Nindhia

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Village of Kamasan at Klungkung in the Province of Bali is recognized as a centre of metal handicrafts,especially the handicraft made from brass. Many home industries for the brass handicraft are established in thisvillage. Recently due to Rapid progress of Tourism in Bali, The brass handicraft in Kamasan are growing wellbecause the demand for the souvenir. However some problem arise such as limited of variation, and surface qualityof the brass handicraft that tend to become blurred or dull due to the process of oxidation. This condition makethe brass handicrafts become not so interest as silver handicrafts that can shine for quite long time. To overcomethis problem it is needed to coating the surface of the brass handicrafts so that there will be no contact withoxygen. The coating will be more benefit if able to exhibit more interesting appearance, as what nickel coatingcan affect the appearance of the surface to become like silver but more clear. Equipment for nickel elektroplatingwas designed for this purpose and donated for this purpose. The unique of the equipment that was donated weresmall in size therefore only low electric power is needed, only 1 liter electrolyte was used and can be use manytime. The positive result is obtained for this activity where all participants able to operate the elektroplatingprocess with excellent result.

  3. STUDI TENTANG BENTUK, MOTIF DAN TEKNIK KRIYA PERAK KOTO GADANG MINANGKABAU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Nasrul Kamal

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Silver  is  a  white  shiny metal. It is  used as daily needs as well as decoration. The silver handicraft in Koto Gadang district have been well-known since long time ago.  The things made by each handycraft centers are almost the same so that it is difficult to create interesting shapes for consumers. Beside that, the technique used is still a simple one, and the motives applied to the handicraft are only little developed. Therefore, this research tries to describe several things:  1 To identify silver handicraft product shapes; 2 To identify the name of the motives being developed; 3 To explain the production technique of silver handicraft. This research is conducted in Koto  Gadang; using quantitative  and  qualitative  sampling. The result of this research is silver handicraft shapes, which  involve various kinds of earring, bracelet, brooch, ring, necklace, pendant, and miniature, as well as ornament for wedding ceremnny, among other things are various shapes of necklace, ring, and ear-plug. To make handicraft, chisel, kikir (serrated iron for smoothing something, plait, and sickle. The motives applied on the products are cucumber leaf, padek leaf, jackfruit leaf, "H" leaf Lombok, bataro, straight lines, winding, parallel line, bamboo plait, and fish scale. Key words: Koto Gadang, silver handicraft, shape, motive, and technical handicraft study

  4. Produção, Circulação e Significados do Artesanato Pataxó no Contexto Turístico da aldeia de Coroa Vermelha, Santa Cruz Cabrália-BA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro Campos Neves

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Pataxó craft made at Coroa Vermelha village has always been a part of the warehouse activities held at the region. As mass tourism grew since 1970, this craftsmanship acquires new meanings. In 2000, a center of native handicrafts was created. During the summer of 2010 a survey with 28 of 300 Pataxó stores was conducted to investigate circulation, production and meaning of native handicrafts. Regarding production, Pataxó craftsmanship suffered a great standardization in . Regardint circulation process an unequal appropriation of profitability was found. As for meaning, two kinds were observed, handicraft is either local art or touristic souvenir.

  5. Produção, Circulação e Significados do Artesanato Pataxó no Contexto Turístico da aldeia de Coroa Vermelha, Santa Cruz Cabrália-BA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro Campos Neves

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Pataxó craft made at Coroa Vermelha village has always been a part of the warehouse activities held at the region. As mass tourism grew since 1970, this craftsmanship acquires new meanings. In 2000, a center of native handicrafts was created. During the summer of 2010 a survey with 28 of 300 Pataxó stores was conducted to investigate circulation, production and meaning of native handicrafts. Regarding production, Pataxó craftsmanship suffered a great standardization in . Regardint circulation process an unequal appropriation of profitability was found. As for meaning, two kinds were observed, handicraft is either local art or touristic souvenir.

  6. Etnomatematika di Balik Kerajinan Anyaman Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadek Rahayu Puspadewi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is study about the existence of ethnomathematics on the Bali woven handicraft. Ethnomathematics is mathematics that grow and develop in a particular culture. Unconsciously, the society use tesselation concepts in making woven handicraft. A tessellation is a special type of pattern that consists of geometric figures that fit without gaps or overlaps to cover the plane. The existence of ethnomathematics on woven handicraft can be used as a source of learning and of course can make learners better understand how their cultural relate with mathematics.

  7. Research Article Special Issue

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    pc

    2018-04-16

    Apr 16, 2018 ... handicraft activities, such as One Tambon One Product program and the Village Funds. To ... The knowledge of hand-woven textiles of the producer is the highest the survey of sales promotion. ... LITERATURE REVIEW.

  8. Dynamique de l'entrepreneuriat feminin au Benin | ONIBON ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The most common mode of learning is traditional, based on family and ... Indeed, it came out from the study that women often undertake in handicraft and trade. ... The major challenges faced by women entrepreneurs are capital deficiency, ...

  9. 16 CFR 503.2 - Status of specific items under the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ties and tapes. Glasses and glassware. Gloves (work type). Greeting cards. Hand tools. Handicraft and... gloves (household). Safety flares. Safety pins. School supplies. Sewing accessories. Silverware, stainless steelware and pewterware. Small arms ammunition. Smoking pipes. Souvenirs. Sporting goods. Toys...

  10. traditional pottery making in wallagga: an ethoarchaeological study

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Guest

    challenging progress of the indigenous technology by disrupting artisans' rural market. Though much ... mixed agriculture, i.e. crop cultivation and rearing of ... for products of handicraft technology. ..... can infer from this reality that among the.

  11. Málo známé kořeny klasifikace rukodělné výroby

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Woitsch, Jiří

    21 /63/, - (2004), s. 13-21 ISSN 1211-8117 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z9058907 Keywords : Handicrafts * Ethnological classification * History of science Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  12. Entre el textil y el ámbar: Las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal en artesanos tsotsiles de La Ilusión, Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perla Shiomara Del Carpio Ovando

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to study the psychosocial functions of the artisan work made by indigenous artisans from a Tsotsil community in Chiapas, Mexico. The analysis of handicrafts encourages reflection on economic aspects in intimate relation with cultural and psychosocial elements. It is argued that those who work on the production of handicrafts face many difficulties such as precariousness, little social recognition, discrimination and exclusion. Despite this all, handicrafts contribute to the economic, social and cultural reproduction of those who make them. Also, handicrafts are privileged elements as they are vehicles of multiple social, historical and group belonging meanings through which is possible to “track” processes of social transformation. Based on the findings obtained while conducting field work in Chiapas, a model of the psychosocial functions of the indigenous artisan work is proposed in this dissertation.

  13. An Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants of the Agadir Ida Ou ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SARAH

    2014-12-29

    Dec 29, 2014 ... Agriculture, handicrafts, commerce, and small business establish ... characteristics of informants, diversity of medicinal plants used ..... preparations are made with water as a solvent. ... of Granada province (southern Spain):.

  14. ベトナムにおけるクラフト・ツーリズムと地域開発

    OpenAIRE

    Vu, Nam; ブー, ナム

    2009-01-01

    This study considers the challenges involved in the relation between traditional handicraft and tourism in Vietnam, using traditional handicraft values as a tourism resource to attract both international and domestic tourists to the rural areas. This not only brings the diversification of tourism services and products but also promotes the local traditional industry and regional revitalization. The study begins with the discussion of craft tourism and its role in tourism promotion, in bringin...

  15. Artesanato com Lã de Ovinos, Turismo e Desenvolvimento Local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyego de Oliveira Arruda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The state of Mato Grosso do Sul/Brazil has been recognized by its potential to boost regional tourism activity through the dissemination of its particular culture – which includes the production of handicrafts based on sheep’s wool. Thus, the present study was intent to analyze the dynamic scope in which the insertion of sheep’s handicrafts as tourist product in municipalities of Mato Grosso do Sul/ Brazil may occur. For this, semi-structured questionnaires, and interviews with guiding questions were used. It was observed that the handicrafts with sheep’s wool does not effectively lay down within the investigated tourism territories, mainly due to the organizational strategies of the groups, and the lack of dynamism of their community-based tourism.

  16. ANALISIS USAHA KERAJINAN BAMBU SKALA RUMAH TANGGA DI KELURAHAN MALUMBI KECAMATAN KAMBERA KABUPATEN SUMBA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikodemus Samue Taru

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the advantages, Break Even Point on bamboo handicraft business in the Village Household Scale Malumbi, District Kambera, East Sumba district. The research method using census method, takes the form of primary and secondary data for January to February 2016. Data collection technique were interview, observation, documentation, recording, and literature. The method of analysis using the analysis of the advantages and Break Even Point. Results from the study showed that bamboo handicraft business industry household scale in 2015 in the village of Malumbi make a profit of Rp.489.745.393,00, and reached a point Break Even Point for bamboo handicrafts 0.930 units, 6,918 units and woven bamboo craft craft chicken confinement 6.017 unit.

  17. A Learning Tool and Program Development for Mechatronics Design Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iribe, Masatsugu; Shirahata, Akihiro; Kita, Hiromasa; Sasashige, Yousuke; Dasai, Ryoichi

    In this paper we propose a new type educational program for Mechatronics design which contributes to develop the physical sense and problem solving ability of the students who study Mechatronics design. For this program we provide a new handicraft kit of 4-wheeled car which is composed of inexpensive and commonplace parts, and the performance of the assembled 4-wheeled car is sensitive to its assembly arrangement. And then we implemented this program with the handicraft kit to the university freshmen, and verified its effectiveness, and report the results of the program.

  18. Transvisuality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michelsen, Anders Ib

    2017-01-01

    be evoked: the theme of ’aliquid statpro aliquo’ [something stands for something else], for instance in painterly depiction, reinforced by a long association between imagery and the handicraft of painting, from Botticelli’s Venus to Francis Bacon’s triptychs; or, in a different direction, in skepticism...

  19. Insights from a harvest trip model for non-timber forest products in the interior of Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimberley Maher; Joseph Little; Patricia A. Champ

    2013-01-01

    The harvest of non-timber forest products (NTFP) for personal uses such as hobbies and handicrafts, cooking and canning, and recreation is an important pursuit for many residents in Alaska (Pilz and others 2006). Five categories of NTFP have been designated by the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization: (1) foods; (2) medicinal plants; (3) floral greenery...

  20. Hibridisasi Seni Kerajinan Patung di Desa Kedisan, Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Luh Sutjiati Beratha

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses Balinese handicraft especially statue handicraft produced by craftsmen at Kedisan Village, Tegal-lalang District, Gianyar Residence. The competitiveness of the product is very high in tourism market and has the process of hybridization. The specific target that will be achieved related to the identity maintenance of Balinese culture. Thus the main discussion of this article is the caused of hybridization on statue handicraft in Bali. In the era of globalization the fusion between local and global cultures has already happened and this is a phenomenon of postmodernism because there is relationship of cultural influences. This condition can be comprehended from hybridization phenomenon on statue handicraft in Bali. Theories of globalization and glocalization are applied to analyse the data in this article. Qualitative method is used to achieve the objective and target through the implementation of participated observation technique and in-depth interview. The whole data is analysed descriptively, holisticly, and interpretatively. The Balinese artists on statue have done the changes in the form of statue through hybridization against the statue as the effect of made to order because of internal and external factors.

  1. 77 FR 34933 - Notice of Request for Extension of and Revision to an Approval of an Information Collection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-12

    ... Delivery: Send your comment to Docket No. APHIS-2012-0043, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS...- 0043 or in our reading room, which is located in room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and... wooden handicrafts from China under certain conditions. This action allows for trade in Chinese wooden...

  2. A decepção de Tinker Bell e a luta das classificações: o artesanato, o Governo Federal e o Sebrae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Salete de Souza Nery

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the Conceptual Basis of Brazilian Handicraft, a document published by the Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade (MDIC, and on the Reference Term of the Sebrae System in Arts and Crafts, both from 2010, we seek to problematize the issue of ratings and the struggles that are at stake in the channeling of values and practices in arts and crafts. Taken as accepted and consensual, the term handicraft is a place of disputes, particularly in its tension with art and the market. We outline the role and the power of the State in defining the legitimate meanings that regulate coordinated ac- tions of differenta agencies and also of the individuals who are considered craftsmen. Thus, we ask: What are the clashes present in the definition of handicraft and what are the positions assumed by seminal agents about this? The documents cited above are the basis to highlight these issues and also the difficulties and dilemmas of the government and Sebrae as partners in the task of promoting handicraft and they help us to discuss, even in introductory terms, the possible meanings of this partnership.

  3. Comercialização do artesanato Kinikinau na cidade ecoturística de Bonito, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolinne Sotomayor Azambuja Canazilles

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses in the handicrafts Kinikinau. It aims to analyze the marketing of artifacts produced by this ethnic group, in Bonito, ecotouristic city of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The Kinikinau were considered “extinct” for over half a century. Nowadays, they seek official recognition. The Kinikinau crafts became an important tool to help in the quest for ethnic strengthening, hence the relevance of the object. The survey data was conducted through visits to centers marketing the city of Bonito and the village of São João, Indian Reserve Kadiwéu, in Porto Murtinho, as well as collecting photographic records of handicrafts exhibited for sale, semi -structured interviews with traders and artisans. Secondary sources that deal with the production and marketing of handicrafts of other ethnicities are supporting the analysis. The results describe how is the flow of the Kinikinau handicrafts market created by the ecotourism, revealing the limitations that affect this process.

  4. 16 CFR 303.45 - Exclusions from the act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... required or non-required) individually and in rolls, looper clips intended for handicraft purposes, book.... (5) Secondhand household textile articles which are discernibly secondhand or which are marked to indicate their secondhand character. (6) Non-woven products of a disposable nature intended for one-time...

  5. Non-Formal Education for Women in Morocco.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agency for International Development (Dept. of State), Washington, DC.

    Morocco's three non-formal educational programs for "the hard core poor female adolescent school drop-out" differ in the kind and effectiveness of training offered. The Foyers Feminins program, although it claims to emphasize crafts and literacy, is in fact, definitely geared towards the teaching of handicrafts. The Ouvroir Centers…

  6. TENUN SONGKET PANDAI SIKEK DALAM BUDAYA MASYARAKAT MINANGKABAU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yandri Yandri

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The art of songket woven handicraft Pandai Sikek is a cultural product of collective creation and traditional heritage Pandai Sikek. Songket first created to meet human needs for traditional ceremonies such as wedding ceremony of Minangkabau. The symbolic meanings in the art of songket are constantly evolving in accordance with the change of time. The art of songket weave Pandai Sikek is one of the traditional handicrafts, which is used for wedding ceremony. In traditional wedding, the groom wears songket for ‘saluak’, ‘sisampiang’, and ‘cawek’, all of them accessories for the traditional costume, while the bride wears gloves, scarves, and tingkuluak, accessories for female constume. The use of songket is customary responsibility and each of the songket patterns contains symbolic meanings. Various decorative patterns of Minangkabau songket are inspired from the concept of "alam takambang jadi guru" (learning from nature. The beauty of songket can be seen visually from the decorative patterns as well as the functions, styles, and structures. Songket handicrafts are able to survive and compete with factory-made textile products. The succes can not ignore the socio-cultural factors that the existence of this woven fabric remained in the middle of the supporting community. Key words: songket, woven handicraft, traditional wedding ceremony

  7. Fair Trade Facts and Figures 2010: A Success Story for Producers and Consumers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Boonman (Mark); W. Huisman (Wendela); E. Sarrucco-Fedorovtsjev (Elmy); T. Sarrucco (Terya)

    2011-01-01

    markdownabstractCommentary on the report by Carol Wills (the full commentary is offered as a separate download ...) “Handicraft is the trade of the poor. They don’t have land to produce food” Joan Karanja, Director of Cooperation for Fair Trade in Africa (COFTA) “That is the little

  8. Southeast Asia Report No. 1323, Vietnam Tap Chi Cong San No. 6, June 1983

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-08-10

    quoted from many of the works of such eminent authors as Balzac, Dickens, Shakespeare , Cervantes and so forth. Marx retained his enthusiasm for...industry and handicraft production? All of the land in the hamlets of Hoang Hoa can be used to raise bamboo and rattan. If the cultivation of rattan

  9. Search Results | Page 7 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 61 - 70 of 8523 ... The current global refugee system is failing refugees and the states ... Global supply chains are an engine of economic growth and job creation for many countries in South Asia. ... Economics HANDICRAFTS FOREIGN TRADE CRAFTSMEN ... countries to new and potentially lucrative foreign markets.

  10. Search Results | Page 8 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 71 - 80 of 8530 ... The current global refugee system is failing refugees and the states ... Global supply chains are an engine of economic growth and job creation for many countries in South Asia. ... Economics HANDICRAFTS FOREIGN TRADE CRAFTSMEN ... countries to new and potentially lucrative foreign markets.

  11. 75 FR 53632 - Narrow Woven Ribbons With Woven Selvedge From Taiwan and the People's Republic of China...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ... Development Fund Grants for Small and Medium Enterprises). See PRC Final Determination, 75 FR at 41812. See... combinations of producers and exporters identified below: \\1\\ \\1\\ We note that Shienq Huong Enterprise Co., Ltd./Hsien Chan Enterprise Co., Ltd./Novelty Handicrafts Co., Ltd. (collectively, Shienq Huong) has not...

  12. Good Work for dentists - a qualitative analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berthelsen, Hanne; Hjalmers, Karin; Pejtersen, Jan Hyld

    2010-01-01

    with the patient and from the opportunity to carry out high quality odontological handicraft. Social relations at the workplace, as well as organizational values and conditions were perceived as influencing the opportunities to achieve the rewarding aspects from the clinical encounter. CONCLUSIONS: The results...

  13. Demography and sustainable management of two fiber-producing Astrocaryum palms in Colombia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    García, Nestor; Zuidema, P.A.; Galeano, G.; Bernal, R.

    2016-01-01

    The spear leaves of the palms Astrocaryum chambira and A. standleyanum have been traditionally used by Colombian indigenous communities as a source of fiber for handicraft production. Traditional management practices, including destructive harvest, have reduced population sizes of both species. We

  14. 75 FR 63850 - Proposed Information Collection; OMB Control Number 1018-0066; Marine Mammal Tagging, Marking...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-18

    ... bears. Type of take (live killed or beach found) for walrus. Number of otters present in and number of... Oceans may harvest polar bears, northern sea otters, and Pacific walrus for subsistence or handicraft... bear, northern sea otter, and Pacific walrus. These regulations enable us to gather data on the Alaska...

  15. Benchmarking the Intended Technology Curricula of Botswana and South Africa: What Can We Learn?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du Toit, Adri; Gaotlhobogwe, Michael

    2017-01-01

    Following a transformation of experience-based handicraft education, Technology education was introduced in Botswana and South Africa in 1990 and 1998, respectively, with the intention of developing technologically literate societies, as well as to develop learners' skills for the world of work. Despite these optimistic intentions, limited…

  16. Systematic Instruction for Retarded Children: The Illinois Program - Experimental Edition. Part IV: Motor Performance and Recreation Instruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linford, Anthony G.; Jeanrenaud, Claudine Y.

    The manual of programed instruction for motor skills and recreational activities for trainable mentally handicapped children includes guidelines on basic recreation movements, rhythm in music, handicrafts, and miscellaneous activities. The guidelines employ principles of behavior change and direct instruction. Detailed programed instruction lists…

  17. 50 CFR 17.3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... part; Authentic native articles of handicrafts and clothing means items made by an Indian, Aleut, or... species, or a fire or other natural catastrophic event in areas prone to such events). Conservation plan... captive populations of the affected species: (a) Provision of health care, management of populations by...

  18. Benefits of carbon markets to small and medium enterprises (SMEs ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Harvested wooden handicrafts products have the ability to lock carbon for long time and mitigate climate change. These products are currently eligible for availing benefits from voluntary carbon markets. The market size and opportunities for carbon credits are likely to increase substantially for these products during the ...

  19. Innovative Basis of Research of Technologic Features of Some Craftsmanship Traditions of Ganja (On the Sample of Carpets of XIX Century)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasanov, Elnur L.

    2016-01-01

    The carpet production in Ganja took one of the leading handicraft activities since ancient times and still impresses with its high skill and the variety of colors, but there have been no widely studied the question of the creation technology of such representatives of cultural heritage. Scientific paper deals with the research of the basic…

  20. Diversity and utilization of bamboo species in Tigawasa Village, Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IDA BAGUS KETUT ARINASA

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Tigawasa is one of the famous traditional villages as a center of bamboo handicraft in Buleleng regency-Bali. As a center of bamboo handicraft its have been wrestled since centuries. Their peoples have done traditionally bamboo conservation surrounding their house and garden too. The marginal area, river flow area and stiff slope that are outskirts of village become to focus of bamboo conservation by their peoples, too. This research conducted at Tigawasa village in June 2003 by stripe and interview methods. Two kilometers stripe length by 50 meters width; follow the direction north south of the river was investigated. To know the utilization of kind of bamboo and their product conducted by interview to craftsman and community figure. The result of inventory knew about four genus consist of 19 species planted in this village. To know those bamboo species will be presented their key of determination. The genus of Gigantochloa and Schizostachyum to dominate of their species, and have many uses of it’s, also. Not less than 54 kind of bamboos handicraft product was produced in this village. The diversity of bamboos handicraft product, develop according progress of the technology and demand of period. Many of new products composed and use of color or paint develop to produce varieties of fixed product. Two-kind of product that is traditional boxes (“sokasi” handicraft and woven bamboo (“bedeg” to become this village famous at Bali, even though in foreign countries Energetic development of bamboos home industry to come to decrease stock of raw materials. About two trucks supply from east Java regularly to anticipation of decrease local stock of raw materials every week.

  1. Development Projects for Women in the Indigenous Community “El Once”: An Analysis Based on Sharing and Difference

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana Valentina Nieto

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available This article reflects on the representations of communal work and collective property held by promoters of income-generating projects in the Witoto community “El Once”, near Leticia in the Colombian Amazon. It focuses on the ways women get involved in development projects, in comparison with their organization for the production of handicrafts and subsistence agricultural crops. The main argument is that work in agriculture and handicrafts is organized based on a close connection between the body, the person, and the products of his/her work, in contrast with the development projects promoted by diverse external agencies, which assume a logic of communal work and collective property. All this has as a consequence the dissatisfaction of both parties –the promoters and those “promoted”–with the results of such projects.

  2. Revisiting bora fallow agroforestry in the Peruvian Amazon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cotta, Jamie Nicole

    2017-01-01

    Indigenous fallow agroforestry systems play an important role in Amazonian livelihoods by providing food security, cash income, and overall risk mitigation. However, the substantial contribution of fruits, construction materials, handicraft inputs, and myriad other fallow products are not only...... observations, and free list data. The research represents an important follow-up to Denevan and Padoch’s approximately thirty-year old qualitative description of Bora fallow management in the same area. Results highlight the importance of agroforestry environments (primarily fallows) for providing well over...... %, for a total income share of 34 %. Chambira (Astrocaryum chambira) handicrafts alone contribute 16 % of household cash income (9 % of total income) in surveyed villages. When considering cash and subsistence importance, plant products harvested from agroforestry environments contribute more than double...

  3. Visual discourse of the clove: An analysis on the Ottoman tile decoration art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurdan Öncel Taskiran

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In tile art, one of the world-famous Turkish Handicrafts, a wide variety of patterns are used on tile objects. The most common of these, after the tulip pattern, is the naturalist clove pattern. Different meanings were assigned to this pattern within the boundaries of form, color and design. Identification and perception of these meanings have a special place within the frame of the culture that they relay. In this present study the fields of meaning of the clove pattern frequently used in tile decoration arts among Turkish handicrafts were tried to be determined. By taking Greimas' Actantial Model as the theoretical model, in the study visual discourse analysis of the clove pattern will be made.Keywords: Clove Pattern, Ottoman Tile Art, Greimas, Visual Discourse.

  4. Visual Discourse of the Clove: An Analysis on the Ottoman Tile Decoration Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurdan Öncel Taskiran

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In tile art, one of the world-famous Turkish Handicrafts, a wide variety of patterns are used on tile objects. The most common of these, after the tulip pattern, is the naturalist clove pattern. Different meanings were assigned to this pattern within the boundaries of form, color and design.  Dentification and perception of these meanings have a special place within the frame of the culture that they relay. In this present study the fields of meaning of the clove pattern frequently used in tile decoration arts among Turkish handicrafts were tried to be determined. By taking Greimas' Actantial Model as the theoretical model, in the study visual discourse analysis of the clove pattern will be made.

  5. 怒江:多民族文化荟萃的天然博物馆

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐海波

    2014-01-01

    A natural"museum"of multicultural convergence and one of few regions left with such diversified cultures,Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture is home to 22 distinct ethnic minorities,also known in China as Minzu.Language,performance art such as music and dance,festivals,handicrafts and customs distinguish one minzu from another.In remote Nujiang where many of original traditions are preserved intact,

  6. A Case Study of Singapore’s Counterinsurgency Strategy: An Analysis using the Tools of Operational Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    deal with the problems. It is much harder to govern a country and manage a wide range of policies in a coherent way. The MCP needed to use their...which was labor intensive and required cooks, maids, waiters , laundry, cleaners, tour guides, drivers, souvenir and handicraft makers, but required...1000 to $2500 a month, managed to accrue a lot of personal wealth during their tenures.108 Singapore took on a pragmatic approach and chose to

  7. Perancangan Interior Souvenir Shop Berbasis Human Centered Design Di Ekowisata Mangrove Surabaya

    OpenAIRE

    Oka, Melissa

    2015-01-01

    The design of commercial facilities in the form of a souvenir shop in Mangrove Ecotourism Surabaya is designed to support Surabaya city's government and also the Wonorejo Ecotourism institution in developing the facilities at Mangrove ecotourism wonorejo in order to fulfill the tourist's needs of particular handicrafts sale of mangrove ecotourism Surabaya and having the education value of mangrove processed goods. The souvenir shop consists of storage room, cashier area, and display area. The...

  8. Studi Bentuk Pengolahan Dan Distribusi Hasil Kerajinan Rotan Pada Industri Usaha Kecil Dan Menengah (UKM) Di Kota Medan (Studi Kasus UD. Gundaling Medan Sumatera Utara)

    OpenAIRE

    Tetuko, Yovie

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this research is to study the processing on rattan handicraft practiced by UKM and to identify distributional pattern of rattan products in UD. Gundaling Medan. In this research was done since May until June 2007, by using case study approach and taking cencus data analyzed either quantitatively or qualitatively. As a result, it was known that the main raw material all of rattan in UD. Gundaling Medan was of various types ; manau (Calamus manau Miquel). These raw material...

  9. La incidencia de la implementación del marketing digital en las PYMES dedicadas a la producción de artesanías en la ciudad de Quito

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Jiménez, Patricio Xavier

    2018-01-01

    It is important to determine if a management tool such as digital marketing influences the development of SMEs that are engaged in the production of handicrafts in the Metropolitan District of Quito, in which it was determined that using this tool will improve sales and, therefore, the economic income this related to the fact that most people manage social networks directly from their cell phone or their fixed internet and, when implementing a striking advertising as Facebook, Instagram , Wha...

  10. Cane (Rattan) entreprises as family business in Bangladesh : a case study

    OpenAIRE

    Alam, Mahbubul; Furukawa, Yasushi

    2009-01-01

    Cane (Calamus spp), also known as rattan, is an important non-timber forest product used extensively all over Bangladesh as a raw material for making furniture, handi-craft and other household articles. The study has attempted to generate information on existing state of cane based family business, identify problems, and recommend solu-tions. Structured questionnaire has been employed in the field survey. During survey it was found that about 80% enterprises are traditionally inherited to the...

  11. Pengaruh Sosial Demografi terhadap Produktivitas Tenaga Kerja Perempuan Pengrajin Lontar di Desa Bona, Gianyar

    OpenAIRE

    Andari, Ni Putu Uti; Aswitari, Luh Putu

    2012-01-01

    Bali has many center of home industry. The development of home industry is expected to increase local entrepreneurs income and salary of employee. In palm leaf handicrafts, activities done by women. This study aims to determine the factors that impacted to women labour productivity. This research was conducted in the Bona Village Gianyar Regency. The number of sample is 93 which taken purposively. This study uses multiple linear regression analysis. Results showed that the factors that affect...

  12. Proto-Industrialization in Tokugawa Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Murphy, Martin J.

    2012-01-01

    This research examines the process of early capitalism in Japanese history. Generally it is thought that capitalism developed in the years leading to the Meiji Restoration. Like European models of early capitalist development in handicraft and cottage industries, Japan went through a similar process. Development of rural trade and small-scale capitalism sowed the seeds that broke feudal bonds and resulted in the mass factory system that made modern capitalist Japan.

  13. Potensi Pengembangan Investasi Berbasis Ekonomi Kreatif Di Kota Denpasar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Luh Putu Wiagustini

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aimed to analyze Investment Potentials and Investment Business Climate based on Creative Economies in Denpasar City. To achieve this research objective, Location Quotient (LQ, Anova, and Performance-Importance Analysis techniques were employed. This study utilized both secondary and primary data. The results showed that creative economy-based investment potentials and those which were expandable in Denpasar City including: Handicraft, Printing and Publishing, Fashion, Culinary and Music. There were differences in the impact of Number of Workforce and Investment and Economic Value per Creative Economy Sub-Sector as follows: the workforce posed significant impact on Handicraft, Printing and Culinary; while Investment and Economic Value significantly impacted Handicraft, Fashion and Culinary. Developments of creative economy-based investments which need to be prioritized, given attention to and properly handled by Denpasar City Government including: (i Operational efficiency assistance, (ii Product marketing assistance, (iii Assistance in human resources quality improvement, (iv Assistance in funding fulfillment through loans, (v Assistance in maintenance of activity sustainability, (vi Government assistance in product distributions.

  14. Paper Prototyping: The Surplus Merit of a Multi-Method Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie Bettina Linek

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article describes a multi-method approach for usability testing. The approach combines paper prototyping and think-aloud with two supplemental methods: advanced scribbling and a handicraft task. The method of advanced scribbling instructs the participants to use different colors for marking important, unnecessary and confusing elements in a paper prototype. In the handicraft task the participants have to tinker a paper prototype of their wish version. Both methods deliver additional information on the needs and expectations of the potential users and provide helpful indicators for clarifying complex or contradictory findings. The multi-method approach and its surplus benefit are illustrated by a pilot study on the redesign of the homepage of a library 2.0. The findings provide positive evidence for the applicability of the advanced scribbling and the handicraft task as well as for the surplus merit of the multi-method approach. The article closes with a discussion and outlook. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs150379

  15. Building solar dryer of tropical woods; Construccion de un secador solar de maderas tropicales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernandez R, J; Flores M, F. E; Cuevas D, O [Universidad de Quintana Roo, Chetumal, Quintana Roo (Mexico); Tolentino E, G [LABINTHAP-SEPI-ESIME-IPN, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)

    2000-07-01

    In Quintana Roo, Mexico, several species of wood are used for handicrafts. The most commonly method used in the communities nearby Chetumal is natural drying, with the disadvantage of low quality in their products because the moisture contains in the wood. In this project studied the design of solar dryer for tropical woods in Quintana Roo. [Spanish] En este trabajo, se parte del analisis de las condiciones climatologicas existentes en el estado de Quintana Roo, Mexico, asi como de las necesidades de madera seca de una comunidad, como parametros basicos para el diseno y construccion de un secador solar de maderas tropicales.

  16. Near East/South Asia Report No. 2742

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-04-22

    bandles the import of edible oil put for sale in the eight-day fair for the Ghee Corporation ef Pak- would. be handicrafts, carpets, istk which has...indicated its to-garments, cutlery items, sports itn hc a niae t ogoods and some other goods tal requirement for current fiscal gcar at 434,000 metric tons... edible *ait fair. Oil. OVERALL EXPORTS Apart from these ems, he said About overall exports of TCP the fiv has also idlsorted tea during current

  17. Visitors’ Motivations, Satisfaction and Loyalty Towards Castro Marim Medieval Fair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iolanda Márcia Barbeitos

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The study tests the relationship between motivation, satisfaction, and loyalty using a structural equation model. Data have been collected through a questionnaire applied to visitors attending a local festival, Castro Marim Medieval Fair, which hosts every year between 45.000 and 60.000 visitors. Results show that satisfaction towards controlled variables of the event within the venue’s boundaries, such as animation, gastronomy, and handicraft, influences visitors’ overall satisfaction towards the event. On the other hand, they also reveal a direct relationship between overall satisfaction and loyalty. The study contributes to a better understanding of visitors’ behaviour and provides useful guidance to festival ideation and design.

  18. A cross-cultural comparison of folk plant uses among Albanians, Bosniaks, Gorani and Turks living in south Kosovo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustafa, Behxhet; Hajdari, Avni; Pieroni, Andrea; Pulaj, Bledar; Koro, Xhemajli; Quave, Cassandra L

    2015-05-12

    Kosovo represents a unique hotspot of biological and cultural diversity in Europe, which allows for interesting cross-cultural ethnobotanical studies. The aims of this study were twofold: 1) to document the state of traditional knowledge related to local (esp. wild) plant uses for food, medicine, and handicrafts in south Kosovo; and 2) to examine how communities of different ethnic groups in the region (Albanians, Bosniaks/Gorani, and Turks) relate to and value wild botanical taxa in their ecosystem. Field research was conducted in 10 villages belonging to the Prizren municipality and 4 villages belonging to the Dragash municipality, located in the Sharr Mountains in the southern part of Kosovo. Snowball sampling techniques were used to recruit 139 elderly informants (61 Albanians, 32 Bosniaks/Gorani and 46 Turks), for participation in semi-structured interviews regarding the use of the local flora for medicinal, food, and handicraft purposes. Overall, we recorded the local uses of 114 species were used for medicinal purposes, 29 for food (wild food plants), and 20 in handicraft activities. The most important species used for medicinal purposes were Achillea millefolium L., Sambucus nigra L., Urtica dioica L., Tilia platyphyllos Scop. Hypericum perforatum L., Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert, Thymus serpyllum L. and Vaccinium myrtillus L. Chamomilla recutita was the most highly valued of these species across the populations surveyed. Out of 114 taxa used for medicinal purposes, only 44 species are also included in the European Pharmacopoeia. The predominantly quoted botanical families were Rosaceae, Asteraceae, and Lamiaceae. Comparison of the data recorded among the Albanian, Bosniak/Gorani, and Turkish communities indicated a less herbophilic attitude of the Albanian populations, while most quoted taxa were quoted by all three communities, thus suggesting a hybrid character of the Kosovar plant knowledge. Cross-cultural ethnobiological studies are crucial in

  19. Shahr-I Sokhta and its Masonry Walls from Structural and Seismicity Standpoint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoumi Mohammad Mehdi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Shahr-I Sokhta, Burned City, located in the south of Zabol, Sistan where founded circa 3200 BCE and some part of the city was burnt. Marvelous finds such as the world's earliest known artificial eyeball, the first animation in the world, the oldest known backgammon, with its dice and so forth all in this city. Their expertise was merely not in handicrafts. In this work provided evidences which Burned City’s walls are highly resistance against seismic loads and has engineering aspects, a wall was simulated by a finite element software and seismically considerations was approve the walls minimal deformation even after circa five thousand years.

  20. WANITA PERAJIN TENUN TRADISIONAL DI NAGARI HALABAN, KECAMATAN LAREH SAGO HALABAN KABUPATEN LIMA PULUH KOTA, SUMATERA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendrawati .

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Article based on field research in Halaban Village, Lareh Sago Halaban Subdistrict, Lima Puluh Kota District. This village is one of center of weaving traditional craft in West Sumatra, beside that Pandai Sikek and Silungkang, which is the most women activity in this village. The aim of research is described of daily life, work as  handicrafts workers woven traditional .The research found that women in this village has two role, besides the housewives, they also breadwinner second after her husband, economically a woman has a high position and an important role in household . This activity very need to overcome in the economy household. 

  1. Promoting Literacy and Protection with Solar Lamps in Yemen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerry Farrell

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available By distributing solar lamps to vulnerable rural women in Yemen, we promoted enrollment in literacy programs, as well as reading among their children. We saw a number of secondary benefits as well: safer households where dangerous kerosene lamps were used less frequently in the evening; a number of livelihood activities - cooking, husbandry, handicrafts - continued safely into evening hours; children found it easier to work on their homework using the solar powered lamps; and children found it easier and safer to walk in dark, rural streets in the evening with the solar lamps slung around their necks.

  2. Vegetable oils as diesel fuel

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fedeli, E.; Girelli, A.

    2001-01-01

    During the seventies, one of the recurring fuels crisis gave rise to research on alternative sources and among them to the idea of utilizing vegetable oils. The research work made clear that the oils cannot be utilized as such but they must be transformed in simple esters, eliminating the problems arising from the presence of the glycerine. The Experiment Stations of the Industry, Commerce and Handicraft Department of the Italian Government, by request of the last one, in the '70/'80 has done a successful experimentation that is presented in the paper [it

  3. Entre el textil y el ámbar: Las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal en artesanos tsotsiles de La Ilusión, Chiapas, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perla Shiomara Del Carpio Ovando

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available

    The aim of this research is to study the psychosocial functions of the artisan work made by indigenous artisans from a Tsotsil community in Chiapas, Mexico. The analysis of handicrafts encourages reflection on economic aspects in intimate relation with cultural and psychosocial elements. It is argued that those who work on the production of handicrafts face many difficulties such as precariousness, little social recognition, discrimination and exclusion. Despite this all, handicrafts contribute to the economic, social and cultural reproduction of those who make them. Also, handicrafts are privileged elements as they are vehicles of multiple social, historical and group belonging meanings through which is possible to “track” processes of social transformation. Based on the findings obtained while conducting field work in Chiapas, a model of the psychosocial functions of the indigenous artisan work is proposed in this dissertation.

    Esta investigación tiene como objetivo principal el estudio de las funciones psicosociales del trabajo artesanal que realizan artesanos indígenas de una comunidad tsotsil de Chiapas, México. Constata esta tesis que el análisis de las artesanías invita a reflexionar necesariamente sobre aspectos económicos en íntima relación con aspectos de índole cultural y psicosocial. Se defiende también aquí que quienes se dedican a la producción de artesanías enfrentan múltiples dificultades dentro de las que sobresale la precariedad, el poco reconocimiento social, la discriminación y la exclusión. A pesar de ello, las artesanías contribuyen a la reproducción económica, social y cultural de quienes lo realizan, y constituyen elementos privilegiados en tanto vehículos de múltiples significados sociales, históricos y de pertenencia grupal, a través de los cuales es posible “rastrear” procesos de transformación social. Por ello, a la luz de los datos obtenidos en el trabajo de campo, esta tesis

  4. Challenges and Recommendation for Organizing the Traffic in the Down Town Ferizaj

    OpenAIRE

    , F. Isufi; , A. Hashani; , S. Bulliqi; , F. Humolli

    2016-01-01

    The area “down town” is located in the middle of the town. In this area began initially the settlement: like train station, dosshouses, handicrafts shops and other shops. This area was having 20 h, with good and functional road net, where 5.5 km was paved road along with side walks and 60.000 m² or 30 % of a total area (Hashani A 2006). However, the growth of town as well the large numbers of social buildings as well as the number of inhabitants has caused a fact that the large number in this...

  5. Darning, doylies and dancing: the work of the Leeds Association of Girls' Clubs (1904-1913).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Helen M F

    2011-01-01

    The Leeds Association of Girls' Clubs (LAGC) was set up by a group of women, including Hilda Hargrove, Dr Lucy Buckley and Mary and Margaret Harvey, to promote collaboration between the city's girls' clubs. The organisation epitomised women working in partnership whilst reflecting their differing philanthropic and political interests. However LAGC's collaborative approach resulted in liberal consensus which downplayed the significance of girls' working conditions. Throughout the decade LAGC's focus was its annual competitions. These featured utilitarian and decorative handicrafts (darning and doylies) enshrining both frugality and aspiration, alongside dance and drill which channelled girls' vigour. Nevertheless, LAGC's resilience resulted in an organisation which is still in existence.

  6. Boilers after 30 years. State of the art. Pt. 1. From the use of calorific value to the boiler; Brennwertkessel nach 30 Jahren. Stand der Technik. T. 1. Von der Brennwertnutzung zum Brennwertkessel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kremer, Robert [Deutscher Verein des Gas- und Wasserfaches e.V. (DVGW) (Germany). Fachausschuss Trinkwasserhygiene in Gebaeuden; Selbach, Juergen

    2009-01-15

    The economical extent with raw materials and other materials as well as the effective utilization of materials in production processes compellingly is necessary for economy reasons in all industrial industries and handicraft industries. In the case of the consumption of thermal energy, also today still amazing possibilities of energy conservation result. Boilers with which the upper calorific value of fuels can be used are well-known for 30 years but not yet sufficiently spread. One of the calorific value pioneers had to announce insolvency in the year 2000. Today one endeavoured with modern boilers to realize the technically possible and economically necessary annual consumption index of approximately 100 % in practice.

  7. Vztahy umění a designu v meziválečném Československu

    OpenAIRE

    Christianová, Dana

    2013-01-01

    Ústav pro dějiny umění Diplomová práce Dana Christianová Relations of Fine Art and Design in interwar Czechoslovakia Abstract (in English) The work deals with relations of Fine Arts and Design in the context of the First Republic, when marked a fundamental transformation not only in art in general, but just in handicraft and design. This work demonstrates changes that have occurred in the perception, classification and finally democratization of design, by the example of textile art and perso...

  8. ADAPTAÇÃO DA NBR 7190 PARA AVALIAÇÃO DAS PROPRIEDADES DO VIME PARA ARTESANATO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Vargas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Different species of wicker (Salix spp., planted in region of Canoas river valley (Serra Catarinense, have application in handicraft. The research of their physical and mechanical properties takes into account the processing and handling to manufacturing, as the density of the relevant species, the bending of the rods and traction of tapes. In this paper considerations are made about the use of NBR 7190/1997 with a view to carry out physical and mechanical tests in wicker, evaluating adjustments made in the equations indicated by the normative document, in the preparation of specimens and also in the testing machine accessories. Dimensional aspects of the test samples to the bulk density (12% moisture were reconsidered, obtained by the stereometric and by displacement of mercury methods. Because of dimensional differences of the material used in handicraft, the analysis of each test were made separately, evaluating rods for the bend study and the material transformed in tapes for the tension test, being direct with little transformation in cutlass and nipper. The equations were adapted to minimize the influence of inertia moment on transversal section were adapted, in the bend case. For wicker properties analysis, the adaption of wood standard is suitable.

  9. Identification and assessment of products of biodiversity with commercial potential in an organized group of producers in the area of influence of the Eco-Archeological Corridor in the South of Huila

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Cecilia Vinasco Guzmán

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In Colombia, despite the wide biodiversity, efforts to find the products that may be involved in bio-activities have been inadequate and communities have not been involved with this proposal for economic and social development. To contribute to the development of these initiatives, an investigation over three groups belonging to the Mashiramo Corporation (Pitalito’s municipalities of San Agustin and Acevedo was carried out since February to September 2010, in seeking of biodiversity products with commercial potential in the south area of Huila, using the methodology of Market Analysis and Development (MA & D. In phase 1, 17 products were selected and classified into 4 groups: forest products and byproducts (species of orchids, native flowers, forest species and seeds, Zoo-breeding (lepidopteron fauna, wild and hydro biological resources, native foods (two legume species and products and services (ecotourism, environmental services and sale of handicrafts. In phase 2 (identification of products, markets and ways of marketing 5 products were analized: ecotourism, incipient handicrafts, black fish farming (Astroblepus chapmani, a nursery of native forest species and Guatin Zoo-breeding (Dasyprocta punctata. In the third phase, the plan was formulated for ecotourism business with emphasis on bird watching. It was concluded that methodological appropriation is needed by the beneficiary community to ensure the development of activities to learn to make decisions based on market data and not for creating false expectations that generate negative experiences in communities.

  10. Dinamika Usaha Pengrajin Reog Ponorogo

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    Naning Kristiyana

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The prospect of Reog handicrafts is increasingly encouraging because Reog is now one of the mainstays of national and even international tourism of Ponorogo. This study aims to know the business conditions of Reog Ponorogo’s craftsmen and the problems faced by them. Respondents of this study are Reog Craftsmen in Ponorogo. This research uses quantitative descriptive research method. The sample in this study is the population because the population is less than 100 that is 31 craftsmen. The data were collected by questionnaire. Data analysis in the field using descriptive and quantitative descriptive explorative format. The result of the research shows that the business of reog craft is mostly done downhill. Craftsmen have pioneered the business since about 10-20 years ago. Making reog craft does not require higher education. This is proved by the largest number of artisans have minimum education of elementary school. The total workforce of each craftsman <20 workers. The level of education of the largest number of labor is junior high school. Productions made monthly can achieve sales targets because most of the production based on orders from retailers. The market share of handicrafts reog to foreign countries such as Malaysia, Korea, America, and others. The main problem of the craftsmen is the difficulty in obtaining raw materials such as peacock, tiger skin, cow skin, cow's tail, ponytail and high price of raw materials, capital problem.

  11. Rāmāyaṇa, il divino poema rivelato attraverso le maschere dei Rājbanśī

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    Stefano Beggiora

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines a collection of carved and painted wooden masks created by the Rājbanśīs, an ethnic minority of West Bengal and Southern Nepal, for the theatrical representation of the Rāmāyana. The collection was displayed at temporary exhibition of Himalayan handicrafts in the Museum of Oriental Art, Ca' Pesaro, Venice (April-September 2017 and has been introduced to the public by ourselves on occasion of a series of lectures, seminars and cultural activities on the great Indian epic and the ethnographic study of some distinctive features of the rapidly vanishing indigenous Indian handicraft. The present essay investigates the historical-ethnographic profile of the Rājbanśī ethnic group by analysing the exhibited pieces in the context of the multiple traditions of the Rāma epic, the importance of its regional and vernacular versions inside and outside India, and the theatrical tradition of Rāmlīlā.

  12. KOMUNIKASI KELOMPOK DALAM PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT KAMPUNG KELBUNG PASCA KONFLIK MADURA-SAMPIT.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moch. Imron Rosyidi

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTConflict of Sampit in 2001 between Madura community who lived in Sampit and local community ofSambas has still been being strongly memorized by Madura community until the present time. Theculture conflict influenced the Madura who had ever lived in Sampit not only physically but alsoeconomically as most of them lost their occupation. However, Mr. Dairobi and his wife were presentas the initiators for the Madura to produce handicrafts from agel rope in order to be empowered toreach the partisipative development. This research aims at finding whether the integration of structure,culture, and agent of change have been appropriate for the needs Kelbung community after the MaduraSampitconflicttoexplainbygroupcommunicationsstudies.Inaddition,thisresearchwasconductedqualitativelywith IPA (Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis as the analysis technique. It is anew analysis including “reading and re-reading” to “looking for patterns across cases” to determinewhether the relationship among cases are proper for the focus of this study‒social psychology incommunication issue. Mefalopulos development Participatory theory about social change was used asthe basis theory to explain the research result. It resulted that among the community, women and childrensuffered psychological trauma more than the others. Therefore, the concept of social engineering byimplementing the handicrafts business was considered as a core of the empowerment activities becauseit involved women as the main labors, in the group communications studies the function of group haveafford the needs of  group members . Keywords: Group Communications, Social Change, Partisipative Development.

  13. ORGANIZAÇÃO DO TRABALHO ARTESANAL: EXAMINANDO ASPECTOS DE INOVAÇÃO E VISIBILIDADE DO ARTESANATO NO CARIRI CEARENSE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebeca da Rocha Grangeiro

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa aspectos relativos à organização do trabalho artesanal no Cariri cearense e busca caracterizar os artesãos em perfis que considerem, simultaneamente, o nível de visibilidade e inovação do artesanato. Tais informações foram coletadas junto a 230 artesãos do Cariri cearense. Os resultados encontrados indicam a baixa escolaridade destes trabalhadores que exercem a atividade artesanal em média, há 22,18 anos e adotam a própria residência como principal local de trabalho. Quanto à renda, observamos que 53,5% da amostra arrecada menos de um salário mínimo com o trabalho artesanal. Apesar da dificuldade econômica enfrentada, o artesanato ainda é para a maioria dos trabalhadores a única atividade produtiva exercida. Em relação ao nível de visibilidade e inovação alcançado pela amostra estudada, os resultados indicaram que 69,6% dela alcançaram baixos escores de inovação e visibilidade (denominados artesãos tradicionais nao-reconhecidos. O segundo perfil (23,5% apresentou baixo escore em inovação, mas alto em visibilidade (artesãos tradicionais reconhecidos, seguido dos artesãos que obtiveram altos escores em inovação e visibilidade (de referência cultural reconhecidos e, por último, o perfil com menor quantidade de artesãos (1,7% representa os artesãos com altos escores em inovação e baixos em visibilidade (de referência cultural não-reconhecidos. Palavras-chave: Atividade artesanal; organização do trabalho; inovação e visibilidade no artesanato   This article examines aspects of the work organization in Cariri’s handicraft and it seeks to characterize the artisan profiles considering simultaneously the level of visibility and innovation that the handicraft reaches. Such informations were collected from 230 artisans from Cariri/ Ceará/ Brazil. The results indicate the low level of education of these workers. The average timespan of their artesanal activity is 22.18 years. The

  14. Model Pengembangan Produktivitas Perajin Industri Bidai Di Wilayah Perbatasan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Christiana Iman Kalis

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Social and economic phenomena seen among the various efforts to develop culture-basedhandicraft industry. Several groups of small business industry looks continue to live but with thecondition that no maximum. The quality of labor in the industry is determining the level ofproductivity of the industry output.Industry sector is the sector that absorbs labor andemployment issues is a crucial issue especially when it comes to productivity. This is due to theproductivity can be achieved when workers have a willingness to work with a boost in selfworker.Work will occur if the labor needs of both physical and non-physical being met. In thisstudy, the element of productivity is measured is associated with the quality of workerseducational level, expertise, skills and labor in handicraft industry studied where this industry isbuilt upon the characteristics of the local culture by low adoption of technologies that are likelyto improving the entrepreneurial skills.

  15. Analysis on online word-of-mouth of customer satisfaction in cultural and creative industries of Taiwan: using crafts as an example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Li-Fen; Shaw, Jing-Chi; Wang, Pei-Wen; Shih, Meng-Long; Yang, Min-Chieh

    2011-10-01

    This study aims to analyze customers' online word-of-mouth for crafts in Cultural and Creative Industries of Taiwan, and extracts articles from Yahoo and Wretch Blogs by the online writing mining technique. The research scope is from Jan. 1, 2008 to Dec. 31, 2010. The subjects include 2457 valid articles on customers' online word-of-mouth regarding the craft industry of Taiwan. Findings demonstrate that, regarding online word-of-mouth, the most important word-of-mouth items of ceramics, stone craft, wood craft manufacturing, and metal craft is decoration and display of surroundings; while brand is valued in glass craft; and the most important item for consumers of paper craft is cultural characteristics of handicrafts.

  16. Spatial Analyses of Harappan Urban Settlements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hirofumi Teramura

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The Harappan Civilization occupies a unique place among the early civilizations of the world with its well planned urban settlements, advanced handicraft and technology, religious and trade activities. Using a Geographical Information Systems (GIS, this study presents spatial analyses that locate urban settlements on a digital elevation model (DEM according to the three phases of early, mature and late. Understanding the relationship between the spatial distribution of Harappan sites and the change in some factors, such as topographic features, river passages or sea level changes, will lead to an understanding of the dynamism of this civilization. It will also afford a glimpse of the factors behind the formation, development, and decline of the Harappan Civilization.

  17. Interim report of the national platform electromobility; Zwischenbericht der Nationalen Plattform Elektromobilitaet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-11-15

    The global alteration of the energy systems and mobility systems is a challenge and also a chance. The technologies of the electrical mobility offer solutions for the environmental protection and resource conservation as well as potentials for growth and occupation. On a long-term basis, the electrical mobility can become the key technology for the substitution of fossil energy sources in the traffic. The international competitive pressure with the development of the electrical mobility is enormous. Under this aspect, the national platform electrical mobility was created by representatives of the industry, science, politics, trade unions and society in Germany. The target of this platform is the development of the German industry along with the middle class and the handicraft to a leading provider and Germany to the leading market for electrical mobility up to the year 2020. The contribution under consideration reports on the first intermediate results.

  18. Links between sex-typed time use in middle childhood and gender development in early adolescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McHale, Susan M; Kim, Ji-Yeon; Whiteman, Shawn; Crouter, Ann C

    2004-09-01

    The authors studied sex-typing in the kinds (e.g., sports, handicrafts) and social contexts (same- vs. other-sex companions) of children's free time activities, and the links between sex-typed activities and gender development over 2 years. Participants were 200 White, working- and middle-class children (103 girls, 97 boys; mean age = 10.86 years). In annual home interviews, children rated their self-esteem, gender role attitudes and sex-typed personality qualities, academic interests, and school grades. During 7 nightly phone interviews each year, children reported on their activities. Boys were more sex-typed than girls in their peer activities, and children were least sex-typed in their activities with siblings. Sex-typed activities in middle childhood predicted individual differences in gender development in early adolescence. Copyright 2004 American Psychological Association

  19. So Sorry––Never Sorry. Ai Weiwei’s Art between Tradition and Modernity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Becker

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Ai Weiwei’s 艾未未 (b. 1957 artistic expression revolves around his use of traditional Chinese techniques to create new designs and forms, shaping traditional materials into contemporary configurations. In the face of obstruction from state officials and local politicians, Ai Weiwei exposes himself to considerable personal risk in order to continue his activities as an artist and stay loyal to his convictions. This paper examines the roots of Ai Weiwei’s work in Chinese art history and looks at how the artist has deliberately adapted traditional motifs to bring about a sense of alienation. Ai Weiwei’s unique stance between current trends in western art and the Chinese feeling for handicrafts is also explored.

  20. Sustainable extraction tripeperro (Philodendron longirrhizum M. Mora and Croat, Araceae) in the central Andes of Colombia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garcia Nestor; Galeano Gloria

    2009-01-01

    The tripeperro (Philodendron longirrhizum) is a widely distributed hemiepiphyte along the Andean region of Colombia. The aerial roots of this species have been employed as a source of fiber for the production of baskets and other handicrafts in the Eje Cafetero region (Cordillera Central). This activity is concentrated in the town of Filandia, in the Quindio state, where a decrease in the availability of appropriate roots for craftsmanship has been detected over the last years. In order to propose sustainable harvest alternatives, we evaluated the natural stock and product demand of tripeperro. Root production and life cycle, distribution of the harvested areas, harvest time and costs, and product demand were studied. It was found that tripeperro natural stock can only supply the demand for improve the economic benefits for artisans.

  1. Terpuruknya Industri Mebel Rotan Cirebon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oktavianus Marti Nangoy

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Cirebon area has long been known as an area that has great potential in the field of furniture and handicraft industry with raw materials of rattan. This region really does not have trees but because of the large rattan hereditary craftsmen at work there, and many there menyebabkan Cirebon rattan industry as a major regional craftsmen and the largest cane producer in Indonesia. But that condition did not last long because it feared since the Minister of Trade Decree No.12 of 2005, contains the opening tap on raw rattan exports, leading, manufacturers prefer to export the raw materials of rattan. Prices of raw materials for furniture and rattan craft also be high because the prices charged for local producers to use the benchmark export price. This ministerial decree on the one side benefit exporters but the industry shut down one side. 

  2. Treatment and characterization of fiber licuri for synthesis of polymeric composites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oliveira, J.C.; Miranda, C.S.; Carvalho, R.F.; Jose, N.M.; Boaventura, J.S.

    2010-01-01

    Natural fibers are materials of increasing use of polymeric composites, due to several advantageous properties compared to synthetic fibers: low cost, density, toxicity and excellent biodegradability. Licuri fiber is widely used in the manufacture of handicrafts, with a wide range of possible applications. Before this, characterize the properties of the fiber is of great interest economic, technological and social. This study characterized the fibers in nature, which were washed with water, treated with 5% H 2 SO 4 or 5% NaOH. Techniques were used FTIR, DSC, TGA and XRD, as well as analysis of surface reactivity of the acid and base. All treatments altered the surface of licuri, exposing reactive sites. It was observed that sodium hydroxide licuri changed significantly, as expected. These results are very significant for the recovery of a natural fiber (licuri), abundant in poor regions of the country. (author)

  3. Culture and creativity in the Otavalo region (Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernarda Elisa Pupiales Rueda

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article addresses some of the cultural manifestations of the people located in Otavalo (Ecuador, and witnesses the validity of the ancestral traditions of the ethnic groups that make it possible for the creativity to be interconnected with the popular expressions through an innate ability to the development of decorative, utilitarian, mythical or profane objects that constitute the handicrafts, clothing and the popular celebrations. Otavalo’s crafts is related to syncretic culture, sacred and profane, traditional and modern, ritual and playful. In addition, there are some similarities with the region of south Colombia. So, there are clear cultural links, either by the proximity, as well as the cultural roots they share. The study leads to a series of reflections on the traditions of a region with a high indigenous ethnic component and a rich and prolific material culture which evidences complex hybridizations and influences.

  4. Study unique artistic lopburi province for design brass tea set of bantahkrayang community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pliansiri, V.; Seviset, S.

    2017-07-01

    The objectives of this study were as follows: 1) to study the production process of handcrafted Brass Tea Set; and 2) to design and develop the handcrafted of Brass Tea Set. The process of design was started by mutual analytical processes and conceptual framework for product design, Quality Function Deployment, Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, Principles of Craft Design, and Principle of Reverse Engineering. The experts in field of both Industrial Product Design and Brass Handicraft Product, have evaluated the Brass Tea Set design and created prototype of Brass tea set by the sample of consumers who have ever bought the Brass Tea Set of Bantahkrayang Community on this research. The statistics methods used were percentage, mean ({{{\\overline X}} = }) and standard deviation (S.D.) 3. To assess consumer satisfaction toward of handcrafted Brass tea set was at the high level.

  5. Cultural gastronomy and tourism: An exercise to the Brazilians touristic attractions divulgation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliner Da Maia Alves Aliner

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The present job integrated the “Brazilians cultural flavors and known fair”,   developed during the touristic events subject in the tourist management career of Santa Maria Federal University, which has as objective involve the students in all the execution stages of a touristic divulgation event. To the event were prepared stands by the students, in which has scripts and visual material from each region with the regional attractions, for example: historical zones, museums, cultural houses, parties, typical gastronomy, handicraft and typical products, fairs and typical markets, local knows and makes. As an activity results the class could grasp better the preparation of each stage of a touristic divulgation event, the necessity a good script and support material preparation about the typical culinary attractions, and the main motivation of this event is the direct contact with the target audience what generate a fundamental return to a good touristic activities planning.

  6. PROMOTING RURAL DESTINATION BUCOVINA VIA FACEBOOK. AN EMPIRICAL IDENTIFICATION OF SUPPORTING ONLINE MARKETING INITIATIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavel STANCIU

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The villages of Bucovina possess a particular charm, mainly through the orthodox churches with heritage value, the deep spiritual character sent both to local communities and tourists, the architecture based on wood handicraft, the manner in which traditions, local customs and crafts are still preserved, the multicultural character, and, not least, the outstanding hospitality of the hosts.Continuous improvement of performance in rural tourism refers to an integrated approach of specific elements in the destination Bucovina, online marketing becoming more present in everyday practice of small entrepreneurs in local tourism. From an empirical point of view, promotion of rural tourism on Facebook and YouTube represents an easy initiative accessible to the general public, which has the ability to create the foundation of a competitive tourism.

  7. Cultures Around the World: A Unique Approach to Youth Cultural Diversity Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justen O. Smith

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Increasingly diverse cultural trends have significant implications for the educational needs of American youth. Learning about and valuing diverse cultures will help prepare youth to become better citizens in an ever-changing society. Cultures Around the World was developed to meet the educational needs of youth in the area of cultural diversity. The Cultures Around the World program brings to life exciting cultures and customs from countries all over the world. Countries are presented in a unique format by teaching youth (ages 10 to 18 a specific country’s history, culture, food, music, dance, language, religion, and current issues. The Cultures Around the World program can be used by any youth educator. The program comes in a ready to use CD containing presentations, handicraft instructions, language guides, and resource guides for nine different countries (Armenia, Australia, Ecuador, Egypt, England, France, Ghana, Slovakia and Mexico.

  8. Photoproducts of carminic acid formed by a composite from Manihot dulcis waste.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonio-Cisneros, Cynthia M; Dávila-Jiménez, Martín M; Elizalde-González, María P; García-Díaz, Esmeralda

    2015-04-15

    Carbon-TiO2 composites were obtained from carbonised Manihot dulcis waste and TiO2 using glycerol as an additive and thermally treating the composites at 800 °C. Furthermore, carbon was obtained from manihot to study the adsorption, desorption and photocatalysis of carminic acid on these materials. Carminic acid, a natural dye extracted from cochineal insects, is a pollutant produced by the food industry and handicrafts. Its photocatalysis was observed under different atmospheres, and kinetic curves were measured by both UV-Vis and HPLC for comparison, yielding interesting differences. The composite was capable of decomposing approximately 50% of the carminic acid under various conditions. The reaction was monitored by UV-Vis spectroscopy and LC-ESI-(Qq)-TOF-MS-DAD, enabling the identification of some intermediate species. The deleterious compound anthracene-9,10-dione was detected both in N2 and air atmospheres. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. A simple tool for preliminary hazard identification and quick assessment in craftwork and small/medium enterprises (SME).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colombini, Daniela; Occhipinti, E; Di Leone, G

    2012-01-01

    During the last Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA), Beijing, August 2009, an international group was founded aimed at developing a "toolkit for MSD prevention" within IEA and in collaboration with World Health Organization (WHO). Possible users of toolkits are: members of health and safety committees, health and safety representatives, line supervisors; labor inspectors; health workers implementing basic occupational health services; occupational health and safety specialists.According to ISO standard 11228 series and the new Draft CD ISO 12259-2009: Application document guides for the potential user, a computer software ( in Excel®) was create dealing with hazard "mapping" in handicraft The proposed methodology, using specific key enters and quick assessment criteria, allows a simple ergonomics hazard identification and risk estimation. Thus it makes possible to decide for which professional hazards a more exhaustive risk assessment will be necessary and which professional consultant should be involved (occupational physician, safety engineer, industrial hygienist, etc.).

  10. Design Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Eva

    2007-01-01

    In resent years the two main design schools in Denmark (Danmarks Designskole and Designskolen Kolding ) undergo many changes. The overall goal for both is to obtain status as a university, and they will be evaluated in this regard in 2010. Transforming a vocational school with long handicraft...... traditions into a research based institution for higher education is demanding. Danmarks Designskole is in the middle of this process, many activities are initiated, both employees and students are involved, and from outside representatives from various design professions. The design process has many...... stakeholders with various interests and opinions. The aim it is not to design a computer system, a service or product but re-designing curriculum, work procedures, self images etc. which support educating designers of the future. This paper reports on two investigations that have been carried through as part...

  11. Development of Handcraft Exercise Courses that Bring Out Student's Creativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senda, Shinkoh; Yamamoto, Koji; Fukumori, Tutom; Matsuura, Hideo; Sato, Kazuo

    We have developed a new type of handcraft exercise program that aims to stimulate student's creativity on the way of design and fabrication of the subject machines. Conventional handicraft exercise program used to aim at letting students learn procedures of machining operation in accordance with a designated manual. Students having experienced our conventional exercise did not fully satisfied at those programs because of the lack in a room for their idea and creativity. Authors, a group of both technical and academic staffs, have developed and started the new type of program since 2003 at the Creation Plaza in Nagoya University. Developed program is classified into grades according to the difference in technical contents required for students.

  12. Ethnobotanical study on the Genus Pandanus L. f. in certain areas in Java, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    WARDAH

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available There were two species of Pandanus recorded in Java Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb. and Pandanus tectorius Sol. The leaf of P.tectorius is commonly harvested as source of handicraft materials, while P. amaryllifolius is for culinary aromatic purposes only. The pandan kunyit (P. tectorius Sol. in Bangkalan and pandan jeksi (P. tectorius Sol. var. samak Werb. in Kebumen (Central Java are the best resource for plaiting industry. Prospect of Pandanus plaiting can rise the income of farmers in the village and rise foreign exchange depend on how to fulfill the best pandan and its processing. It is hoped the good relation between farmers and government to sustain and develop the pandan production.

  13. Technological Study of “Kama-Urals” Ceramics from Pre-Mongol Complexes of Juketaw

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bakhmatova Vera N.

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers the materials and results of the first technical and technological study of a series of dishware items of the “Kama-Urals” origin from the fortified settlement of Juketaw. The authors established the traditions of selection, extraction, preparation of raw materials and moulding masses, determined the methods of designing the hollow body and filling, shaping techniques, roasting modes, surface treatment of the dishware, and analyzed the ornamental traditions of decoration. The obtained results characterize the samples of “Kama-Ural” dishware as generally corresponding to household production, manufactured with the use of relatively archaic technologies at the stage of initial perception of the certain features of handicraft production by the manufacturers.

  14. Les fards rouges cosmétiques et rituels a base de cinabre et d'ocre de l'époque punique en Tunisie: analyse, identification et caractérisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alatrache, A; Mahjoub, H; Ayed, N; Ben Younes, H

    2001-10-01

    Natural antique colorants include mainly red pigments such as cinnabar and ochre. These archeological pigments were used especially as funeral and cosmetic makeup and are a material proof of handicraft activities and exchanges. The identification and characterization of a group of punic colorants, corresponding to samples discovered during excavations at several Tunisian archeological sites (Cartage, Ksour Essef, Kerkouane, Bekalta, Makthar, Bou Arada), were conducted using the least destructive analysis techniques such us scanning electron microscopy coupled to X-ray fluorescence microprobe, direct current plasma emission spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry and X-ray diffraction. Eleven natural red colorants from punic period were subject to this investigation and were compared to contemporary substances. Five colorants were cinnabar and the other six were ochre.

  15. Decree 190/997 Industry, Energy and Mining Ministry: it approve the project of the organize structure reformulation of the respective executant Units

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    In Ordinance 190 are about the approval of the reformulate of the organizational structure of the parenthesis 08 Ministry of Industry Energy and Mining that it will be integrated by the following Units executory:001 General Direction of Secretary,002 National Direction of Industrias,004 National Direction of the Property Industrial,007 National Direction of Mining and Geology,008Direction of Energy,009 National Direction of Handicrafts,Small and Medium Enterprises,011 National Direction of Technology Nuclear,del Parenthesis 08. The strategic objective ,organizational structure, structure of positions of work installation ,plan settles down in the whole Ministry.Special stress it is made to the sub paragraph 011 National Direction of Nuclear Technology being established their strategic objective support substantive to the nouns that Units Executory,organizational structure activities remains in the unit in execution in charge of third, structural of positions of work installation ,plan and flowchart of the new structure [es

  16. Business models for full service energy renovation of single-family houses in Nordic countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mahapatra, Krushna; Gustavsson, Leif; Haavik, Trond

    2013-01-01

    the similarities are on how the service is provided. Even though there is strong business potential for one-stop-shop energy renovation concept, still it has been somewhat difficult to start or run such a business. Various options to overcome the hindrances to promote energy efficient renovation of detached houses...... markets are dominated by handicraft-based individual solutions. In this paper we have analyzed the opportunities for implementation of one-stop-shop business models where an overall contractor offers full-service renovation packages including consulting, independent energy audit, renovation work, follow......-up (independent quality control and commissioning) and financing. A comparative assessment of emerging business models in the Nordic countries shows that different types of actors can provide such a service. Financing is included in some models. There are differences in how customers are contacted, while...

  17. Moderating Effects of Craftourism on Place Attachment and Destination Loyalty

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    Arup Kumar Baksi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Practice of traditional handicrafts play a significant role in enhancing destination attractiveness. Visitors assign considerable weightage to local craft practices to satisfy their desire to participate in the learning and production process, a case of role-reversal. Promoting this scope of role-reversal has been used by the Destination Marketing Organizations as differentiators. Craftourism has gained considerable momentum. This paper focuses on examining the moderating effects of craftourism on place attachment and destination loyalty. Dimensions of craftourism were identified by applying suitable statistical procedure. The results revealed craftourism, with option for visitors to enact role-reversal, improves the chances of destination loyalty following antecedent effects of place attachment. Keywords: craftourism, place attachment, destination loyalty, visitor, moderating

  18. EFEKTIFITAS KATALOG SEBAGAI MEDIA PROMOSI BAGI PENGEMBANGAN UMKM DI KABUPATEN SRAGEN

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    Liana Mangifera

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to identify the promotional mix used bambu craftsmen and formulate an effective promotional strategy for the development of bamboo handicrafts. This research was conducted in the village of Cluster bamboo craft Bendo Sukodono Subdistrict in Sragen. This research used the qualitative approach with key person as a source of information. The data used are the primary data that are taken using the indepth interview. Analysis tool used is content analysis, that perform analysis driskripsi of words that often appear in the indepth interview. This research concluded that the promotion of bamboo craftsmen do is word of mouth and exhibitions. Such promotional efforts is part of this type of direct marketing (direct marketing. The promotion will be optimized if the catalog that contains the task force created the products and pricing that is clear and complete.

  19. Factors associated with simulator-assessed laparoscopic surgical skills of veterinary students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilkenny, Jessica J; Singh, Ameet; Kerr, Carolyn L; Khosa, Deep K; Fransson, Boel A

    2017-06-01

    OBJECTIVE To determine whether simulator-assessed laparoscopic skills of veterinary students were associated with training level and prior experience performing nonlaparoscopic veterinary surgery and other activities requiring hand-eye coordination and manual dexterity. DESIGN Experiment. SAMPLE 145 students without any prior laparoscopic surgical or fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery (FLS) simulator experience in years 1 (n = 39), 2 (34), 3 (39), and 4 (33) at a veterinary college. PROCEDURES A questionnaire was used to collect data from participants regarding experience performing veterinary surgery, playing video games, and participating in other activities. Participants performed a peg transfer, pattern cutting, and ligature loop-placement task on an FLS simulator, and FLS scores were assigned by an observer. Scores were compared among academic years, and correlations between amounts of veterinary surgical experience and FLS scores were assessed. A general linear model was used to identify predictors of FLS scores. RESULTS Participants were predominantly female (75%), right-hand dominant (92%), and between 20 and 29 years of age (98%). No significant differences were identified among academic years in FLS scores for individual tasks or total FLS score. Scores were not significantly associated with prior surgical or video game experience. Participants reporting no handicraft experience had significantly lower total FLS scores and FLS scores for task 2 than did participants reporting a lot of handicraft experience. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Prior veterinary surgical and video game experience had no influence on FLS scores in this group of veterinary students, suggesting that proficiency of veterinary students in FLS may require specific training.

  20. Patulin in domestic and imported apple-based drinks in Belgium: occurrence and exposure assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tangni, E K; Theys, R; Mignolet, E; Maudoux, M; Michelet, J Y; Larondelle, Y

    2003-05-01

    Apple-based beverages are regularly consumed by adults and children in Belgium. They are locally produced or imported from other countries. The apples used as starting material for these productions are frequently contaminated by mycotoxin-producing moulds and damaged during transport and handling. The current study was undertaken to investigate whether patulin (PAT) is present in the industrial or handicraft-made apple juices and ciders consumed by the Belgian population and to assess the population's exposure to this mycotoxin through apple-based drinks. Belgian (n = 29) and imported (14) apple juices as well as ciders (7) were assayed for PAT by high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet light detection. PAT was detected respectively in 79, 86 and 43% of these tested samples. However, no contaminated sample exceeded the safe level of 50 microg PAT l(-1). Levels of PAT contamination were comparable in Belgian and imported juice samples. The overall mean PAT concentrations were 9.0 and 3.4 microg l(-1) for contaminated apple juices and ciders, respectively. This study also indicates that there was no statistically significant difference in the mean PAT contamination between clear (7.8 microg l(-1)) and cloudy (10.7 microg l(-1)) apple juices, as well as between handicraft-made apple juices (14.6 microg l(-1)) and industrial ones (7.0 microg l(-1)). On the basis of the mean results, a consumer exposure assessment indicates that a daily intake of 0.2 litres apple juice contributes to 45% of the provisional maximum tolerable daily intake for a child of 10 kg body weight.

  1. Biopsychosocial repercussions of work and income generation in the life of Northe-âstern Brazilian women - doi:10.5020/18061230.2007.p68

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    Cibelly Aliny Siqueira Lima Freitas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the discussions about health promotion, this is conceived as quality of life, in which social and economic policies should act directly on determinant factors of the health-illnesses process, such as feeding, education, sanitation, work, income, leisure and access to goods and services. In this perspective, the aim of this study was to investigate the expectations of a group of women, inhabitants of Cachoeiro Community, a deprived locality of Northeast Brazil, on the professionalization possibilities, and to know the biopsychosocial repercussions of work-income generation, after a professionalizing action. The study consisted in an action in research, with a qualitative approach, based on the Theoretical Referential of Madeleine Leininger, with six local women, by means of interviews and the accomplishment of a course on carnauba straw handicraft, between May, 2005 and June, 2006. This study resulted from the participation of the researchers in a University Extension project, which favored a bigger interaction with the women of that place. During sociability it was observed that they claimed for a work that contributed to the increase of the family income and breached with the financial dependence on their spouses. It is perceived in this study the cultural factor as strongly influencing the lives of these women, in which abusive relations of power, perceived since infancy, became obstacles in matters related to health, education and in the work and income generation. At the end, the women of the Community were able to seize upon a handicraft technique that contributes for their recognition as citizens, interacting with greater knowledge and attitude in the settlement where they live.

  2. The Development of the State Labour Reserve System in the Lower Volga Region in Postwar Period (1945-1952

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    Kuznetsova Nadezhda Vasilyevna

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Two stages are revealed in the development of state labour reserves. The first period lasted from 1945 to 1948, and the second period – from 1949 to 1952. The distinctions of these two stages were determined. The author analyzes the dynamics of quantity and the structure of institutions in the system of state labour reserves in the Astrakhan, Saratov and Stalingrad regions in postwar years. The social and economical factors that had influence on this system were identified. The characters of principal patterns of SSLR’s education institutions is provided, the common lines and singularities, significance changes were denoted. The share of young ones from the childish houses into the industrial, handicraft and railways schools in Low Volga River is exposed. The criteria of entering into the education institutions were determined. The interaction of SSLR with children houses was exhibited. The author highlights the status of stuff basis of SSLR in postwar years: shortage of educational buildings and student’s homes, equipment’s deficiency in industrial workshops and textbooks. The positive changes in staff-technical guarantee of educational institutions to the end of learning period are opening; their causes were analyzed. The author reveals the alterations in staff structure of SSLR and calculates the number of preparing workmen from factory and plant instruct schools; industrial, handicraft and railways schools for enterprises of the Lower Volga region in the fourth five-year plan. The article marks the significance of SSLR in the solution of economic and social problems in postwar society. The author distinguishes the common and the individual in the development of SSLR in the Lower Volga region and in Russia on whole.

  3. Early Sámi visual artists - Western fine art meets Sámi culture

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    Tuija Hautala-Hirvioja

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Johan Turi (1854–1936, Nils Nilsson Skum (1872–1951 and John Savio (1902–1938 were among the first Sámi visual artists. The production of their art work occurred between the 1910s and the early 1950s. Sámi aesthetics had its basis in folklore, i.e., handicraft or duodji, which did not follow the principle of art for art’s sake but combined beauty and practicality. Art was part of community life. Not until the 1970s was the word daidda, which is Finnish in origin and which means “art”, adopted into the Sámi language. Turi and Skum became famous through their books. They drew and wrote in order to pass the traditional knowledge of their people on to succeeding generations. They also wanted to introduce Sámi life and culture to non-Sámi people. One typical feature of their work is that they depicted Sáminess in a realistic way and sought to strengthen and preserve the Sámi identity through their art. In Turi and Skum’s work, both the documentation of community life and their own personal expression were strongly present and equally important; for this reason their pictures and texts have both practical and aesthetic dimensions. They did not attend school and were self-taught artists. The third pioneer of Sámi visual arts was John Savio, who, unlike the other two, attended secondary school and studied visual arts both independently and under the guidance of a mentor. He expressively combined Western ways of depiction with Sámi subjects. My article examines what made these early Sámi artists change over from Sámi handicraft, duodji, to Western visual arts, how they used Western pictorial conventions in dealing with their Sámi subjects, and the significance of their art for Sámi identity and culture. They lived and worked under cross pressure: the first few decades of the 20th century were characterized by racial theories that denigrated Sámi people, and the period following World War II was marked by demands for

  4. Estrategias campesinas de reproducción económica y paludismo en la microregión pliegues fallados de los Altos de Chiapas, México: estudio de caso Peasant strategies for economic reproduction and malaria epidemiology in the ravines microregion of the Chiapas mountains, Mexico: a case study

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    Mauricio Gutiérrez Ortega

    1996-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de esta investigación fue establecer relaciones iniciales entre actividad agrícola y paludismo, definíendose riesgos y prevalencia a través del análisis de la integración de estrategias de reproducción de los pobladores de una comunidad indígena de Los Altos de Chiapas. Se obtuvo información sobre sitios de trabajo, uso del suelo, volúmenes de producción de café, maíz y frijol y número de unidades familiares involucradas en esta producción, el trabajo asalariado y en las artesanías. Se analizó la circulación productiva a los "trabajaderos" de tierra caliente. Se compararon unidades familiares con casos y sin casos de paludismo, entre 1987 y 1993, en Ybeljoj, Municipio de Chenalhó, Chiapas. Entre los resultados más sobresalientes encontramos que las estrategias que ofrecieron mayores riesgos y prevalencia de paludismo fueron aquellas donde la actividad del cultivo del maíz y el trabajo asalariado estaban presentes; contrariamente, aquellas estrategias en donde la artesanía era la actividad principal o de segunda importancia estaban asociadas con la ausencia del paludismo o prevalencia mínima de la enfermedad.The goal of this investigation was to establish an initial correlation between farming activities and malaria and to define risk factors and prevalence of the latter through an analysis of the integration of farm production strategies by members of an indigenous peasant community in the Chiapas mountains in Mexico. Information was obtained on places of work, land use, coffee, corn, and bean farming, and number of family members involved in farming activities, wage labor, and handicrafts production. Migration of farm workers to warmer climates was also analyzed. The study compared families with and without cases of malaria from 1987 to 1993 in the town of Yibeljoj, Chenalhó county. The most outstanding characteristics of this analysis were the following: strategies involving greater risk and prevalence of

  5. Vulnerability of soils towards mining operations in gold-bearing sands in Chile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordán, Manuel Miguel; González, Irma; Bech, Jaume; Sanfeliu, Teófilo; Pardo, Francisco

    2015-04-01

    The contamination levels in handicraft mining, despite less production and processing less equipment, have high repercussions upon the environment in many cases. High-grade ore extraction, flotation, gravity concentration, acid leaching cementation and mercury amalgamation are the main metallurgical technologies employed. Gold recovery involving milling and amalgamation appears to the most contamination source of mercury. This research work is only a starting point for carrying out a risk probability mapping of pollutants of the gold bearing sands. In southern Chile, with a mild and rainy climate, high levels of pollutants have been detected in some gold placer deposits. The handicraft gold-bearing sands studied are located in X Region of "Los Lagos" in southern Chile. A great quantity of existing secondary deposits in the X Region is located in the coastal mountain range. The lithological units that are found in this range correspond with metamorphic rocks of a Paleozoic crystalline base that present an auriferous content liberated from the successive erosive processes suffered. Metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks also make up part of this range, but their auriferous load is much smaller. The methodology used in the characterization of the associated mineralization consists of testing samples with a grain size distribution, statistical parameter analysis and mineralogical analysis using a petrographic microscope, XRD and SEM/EDX. The chemical composition was determined by means of XRF and micro-chemical analysis. The major concentrations of heavy minerals are located in areas of dynamic river energy. In the studied samples, more the 75 % of the heavy minerals were distributed among grain sizes corresponding to thin sand (0.25-0.05 mm) with good grain selection. The main minerals present in the selected analysed samples were gold, zircon, olivine, ilmenite, hornblende, hematite, garnet, choromite, augite, epidote, etc. The main heavy metals found were mercury

  6. Traditional uses of plants in a rural community of Mozambique and possible links with Miombo degradation and harvesting sustainability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruschi, Piero; Mancini, Matteo; Mattioli, Elisabetta; Morganti, Michela; Signorini, Maria Adele

    2014-07-23

    Miombo woodlands play an important role in the livelihood of people living in sub-equatorial African countries, contributing to satisfy basic human needs such as food, medicine, fuelwood and building materials. However, over-exploitation of plant resources and unsustainable harvest practices can potentially degrade forests. The aim of this study was to document the use of Miombo plant products, other than medicinal plants, in local communities, within a wider framework in which we discussed possible links between traditional uses and conservation status of the used species and of the whole Miombo environment. Fieldwork took place in four communities of Muda-Serração, central Mozambique. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 52 informants about their knowledge, use and harvesting practices of useful plants. A survey on local Miombo vegetation was also carried out in order to assess abundance and distribution of useful woody plants cited in the interviews in areas exposed to different exploitation rates. A Conservation Priority index was also applied to rank conservation values of each used woody species. Ninety-eight plants cited by the informants were botanically identified. The most relevant general category was represented by food plants (45 species), followed by handicraft plants (38 species) and domestic plants (37 species). Among the 54 woody species observed in vegetation plots, 52% were cited as useful in the interviews. Twenty-six woody species found in 'natural' Miombo areas were not found in 'degraded' ones: of these, 46% were cited in the interviews (58% in the food category, 50% in the handicraft category, 25% in the domestic category and 8% in the fishing category). Results of conservation ranking showed that 7 woody species deserve conservation priority in the investigated area. This study shows that the communities investigated rely heavily on local forest products for their daily subsistence requirements in food, firewood/charcoal and

  7. Electricity between monopoly and competition. Selling at the marginal cost. The rational guidance of electric energy consumption by tariffs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boiteux, Marcel

    2015-10-01

    Within the perspective of the introduction of competition, the first article comments the issues related to the different professions: distribution (which solutions as multiple grids would be too expensive?), interconnection and transport grids (same questions), and production. The author outlines some characteristics of electricity: it cannot be stored, is a rigid product, has a price elasticity almost null on the short term. Then he discusses different problems to be solved: transport tolls, competition for production, difference between customers (big clients, households, handicraft). In the second article, the author discusses the issue of pricing (why selling at cost price or at marginal cost price?) and discusses the definition of this marginal cost. In the third article, the author comments the common use of tariffs by electricity distribution companies as an incentive for a rational use of electric energy by consumers. He describes how prices are factors of economic choice, the implication of selling at cost price and at marginal cost price. He discusses the relationship between marginal cost price and budget balance, and the practical adaptation of tariffs

  8. The Contemporary Museum as a Site for Displaying Values

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    Mare Kõiva

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Museums constitute an important cultural and social resource. The main objective of museums is making certain objects in the collection visible or, on the contrary, leaving them invisible. In contemporary society the institution serves many important roles, being a place for displaying historical and contemporary values, an institution for preserving and displaying personal and collective memory, cultural values, for collecting tangible and intangible values, an institution for creating identity and ethnic kudos, a work place, an educational environment, a framework for promoting ethnic handicraft and art, a place for integrating different folklore festivals, exhibitions, shows; they are connected to tourism patterns and museum business. The article reflects the changes in the development of museums in the late twentieth and early twenty-first century, focusing on the main key words being multifunctional museum, the museum as an open classroom, presentation of tangible and intangible history, the relation and mergence of permanent and temporary exhibitions. The issues of digitalization and preservation and the role of the exhibition curator and the person represented on displays have increased in the museology of the past few decades. The museums’ tradition of self-replication and an increased interest in museological anthropology indicate that museums fulfil an important role in society.

  9. Noodles, traditionally and today

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    Na Zhang

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Chinese noodles originated in the Han dynasty, which has more than 4,000 years of history. There are many stories about the origin of noodles. To a certain extent, noodles also reflect the cultural traditions and customs of China, which essentially means “human nature” and “worldly common sense”. There are thousands of varieties of noodles in China, according to the classification of the shape of noodles, seasoning gravy, cooking craft, and so on. Many noodles have local characteristics. Noodles are accepted by people from all over the world. The industrial revolution and the development of the food industry realized the transition from a traditional handicraft industry to mass production using machinery. In addition, the invention of instant noodles and their mass production also greatly changed the noodle industry. In essence, noodles are a kind of cereal food, which is the main body of the traditional Chinese diet. It is the main source of energy for Chinese people and the most economical energy food. Adhering to the principle of “making cereal food the main food”, is to maintain our Chinese good diet tradition, which can avoid the disadvantages of a high energy, high fat, and low carbohydrate diet, and promote health. The importance of the status of noodles in the dietary structure of residents in our country and the health impact should not be ignored.

  10. SWOT ANALYSIS MICRO SMALL MEDIUM ENTREPRISE (MSME GEULIS CRAFT UMBRELLA TO SUCCESS IN LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT RESOURCES DISTRICT TASIKMALAYA

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    K. Dianta A. Sebayang

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Development of local economic resources, a new trend in the effort to increase the income of the community and the region. Local factors that determine both in terms of natural resources (raw materials and human resources (labor. This paper attempts to present how small and medium enterprises "Kerajinan Payung Geulis" try to improve economic development based on the development of local economic resources in Tasikmalaya. This study aims to illustrate the potential of entrepreneurs that include the competence and commitment of entrepreneurs in small business business, and to illustrate the strength of business / competitive position, business profile and entrepreneur influenced by environmental condition of external and internal environment, seen from the positive and negative side. The research was conducted on umbrella industry of handicraft business in Tasikmalaya. The method used in this research is descriptive analysis by using SWOT analysis. The results show many problems encountered and very complex, such as: low quality of human resources, limited business capital, low access to markets, access to financial institutions / banks are absent, administrative procedures ignorance, sustainability and limited capacity production; Coupled with the business climate is not conducive to the development of SMEs and entrepreneurship.

  11. Problem of the Used Cars Import on the Territory of the Russian Federation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taskaev, Vladimir; Taskaeva, Natalia

    2017-10-01

    Authors completed the analysis of the accepted practice of classification of the sawn car bodies in Russia. They conclude that the tools of the Product Range of Foreign Economic Activity do not allow to classify the front and rear parts of the car as goods. Nowadays the participants of foreign economic activity sent the efforts to search for any new way to cut the customs payments. Meanwhile that is not incidental, that during car sale, the sellers specify in their offers not only purely technical characteristics but also the fact that “It is not a Sawn Car”. Thereby the sellers of cars agree that the car, obtained by joint of the sawn parts in the handicraft conditions, have an uncertainty of such important characteristic as safety, and that reduces the consumer properties of the purchase. Many buyers consider unsafe and even impossible to use the car in which such fundamental characteristic as safety is not provided. Therefore, the attempts of customs to carry out any classification of goods in the commodity position 8703 for the increase in collectable customs payments have a negative side as the matters of health and life of future owner of the car are concerned.

  12. A contingent valuation study of buriti ( Mauritia flexuosa L.f. in the main region of production in Brazil: is environmental conservation a collective responsibility?

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    Irlaine R. Vieira

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The immature leaves of the buriti palm (Mauritia flexuosa are widely harvested in the municipality of Barreirinhas, Maranhão, for the production of handicrafts, which are sold to locals and tourists. The increasing demand for these artisanal goods is stimulating the emergence of an informal market for immature buriti leaves, leading to an intensification of their extraction and resulting in negative effects on local buriti palm populations and the ecosystem. Thus, the objective of the present study was to assess the environmental value of the buriti palm tree based on the maximum willingness to pay (WTP for its conservation, using the contingent valuation method. Among the respondents, 99.74% reported that the palm species should be protected and the majority of them (65.75% agreed to pay for its conservation (annual WTP R$ 179.49 ± 222.05. Multivariate analysis revealed that the WTP was not influenced by the socio-economic profile of the respondents. The main reasons for non-WTP are related to dissatisfaction with the government and the belief that financial contributions would not solve problems of environmental damage. Overall, the evaluated population believes that environmental conservation is not an obligation of the government or that of the population, but is a collective responsibility.

  13. Ecologia e rappresentazione dello spazio: Saviano, Tournier, DeLillo

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    Niccolò Scaffai

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The main subject of the essay consists in the literary representation of environment as a mixed system, half natural and half human. The symbolic value and the great significance of ecological themes in the contemporary literature are related to this environmental double entity.  The essay particularly highlights the presence and the importance of trash, waste, garbage in three contemporary fiction and non-fiction novels: Les météores by the French writer Michel Tournier; Underworld by Don DeLillo; Gomorra, the docu-fictional report of the Italian journalist and writer Roberto Saviano about the illicit traffics of ‘Camorra’.  The word ‘waste’ and his synonyms define composite and impure materials, that sometimes slips every clear distinction between nature and handicrafts: on this subject, we can think about the Pacific Trash Vortex, a sort of island or ‘Atlantis’ of garbage formed in the Pacific Ocean by the rubbish and shaped by the oceanic streams.     If we can’t identify clear boundaries between nature and human activities, we can’t either separate the two dimensions from an ethical point of view.  The literary works considered in the essay show the importance of admitting the weakness of the boundaries to go beyond obsolete distinctions (such as city vs country, nature vs culture.

  14. Empirical Studies Development Of Creative Industry Its Contribution To Make-Up Of Product Orientation Exporting In Denpasar-Bali

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suryathi, W.; Gede, I. G. K.

    2018-01-01

    The puIDRose of this study are : 1) to study the model of development of creative industries which export-oriented in Denpasar 2) to examine the main problems and constraints faced by creative industries 3) to know the increasing of product export in Denpasar.The number of samples are 15 creatives industries such as sub-sector of handicraft, fashion and culinary. Sampling technique used cluster and puIDRosive sampling. Data collection by interview, observation, literature study and questioner. Data analysis using qualitative and quantitative description. The results of this study explain: The model development of creative industry in Denpasar City basically consist of three phases that is : development input, development process and development output. The problems and business constraints in creative industries about skill and salary of human resources, capital of financial, promotion of marketing, raw material of resources, technology and modern administration of production. From the product export showed that woods were hight one of crafting sub sector, textiles were hight one of fashion sub sector, tuna fish were hight one of culinary sub sector.

  15. The Nutritional Facts of Bamboo Shoots and Their Usage as Important Traditional Foods of Northeast India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nongdam, P.; Tikendra, Leimapokpam

    2014-01-01

    Bamboo shoots are considered as one of the useful health foods because of their rich contents of proteins, carbohydrates, vitamins, fibres, and minerals and very low fat. Though bamboo shoots provide lots of health benefits, their consumption is confined mostly to Southeast Asian and East Asian countries. The acceptability of bamboo shoots as popular vegetable crop is very less due to their high pungent smell and bitter acidic taste. The use of bamboo as food in India is mainly restricted to Northeastern part of the country where they form an indispensable part of several traditional speciality dishes. The different ethnic communities take fresh or fermented bamboo shoot as one of most preferred traditional food items. Some of the important bamboo based traditional foods are ushoi, soibum, rep, mesu, eup, ekhung, hirring, and so forth. Bamboo shoots should be properly processed before they are consumed as freshly harvested shoots have high content of toxic cyanogenic glycosides which may pose serious health problems. The prospect of bamboo shoot industry in Northeast India is bright due to its rich genetic resources of bamboos. However, habitat destruction and extensive use of bamboos for food, handicraft, and construction purposes have resulted in severe depletion of natural bamboo resources. This review stresses upon the high nutritive values and health benefits of bamboo shoots and their usage as important traditional foods in Northeast India. The bamboo market potential of the region and use of in vitro plant micropropagation methods as effective means of bamboo conservation are also emphasized in this paper. PMID:27433496

  16. Ruth Sprenger: Die hohe Kunst der Herrenkleidermacher. Wien u.a.: Böhlau Verlag 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gertrud Lehnert

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Ruth Sprenger stellt Geschichte und Praxis eines Meisterhandwerks für interessierte Laiinnen und Laien übersichtlich und mit reicher Bebilderung dar. Nach einem Überblick über die Geschichte der Eleganz des Gentleman werden detailliert die einzelnen Schritte des Maßnehmens, Entwerfens, Fertigens erläutert. Dabei wird klar, dass ein Anzug immer eine komplizierte Umgestaltung des männlichen Körpers zu einem von antiker Kunst inspirierten abstrakten Ideal von Nacktheit darstellt. Zu kurz kommt leider jegliche kritische Auseinandersetzung mit der Theorie der Mode, so dass das Resultat zwar sehr anschaulich, jedoch in systematischer Hinsicht für die Modeforschung wenig erhellend ist.Ruth Sprenger clearly depicts the history and practice of a masterly handicraft for interested laypeople and includes many illustrations. Following a survey of the history of the elegance of the gentleman, she elucidates and details the single steps of measurement, design, and completion. It becomes clear that a suit always represents a complicated reconfiguration of the male body to an abstract ideal of nudity inspired by antique art. Unfortunately any critical debate on the theory of art falls short so that the results are admittedly very demonstrative, however in systematical terms they are not all too insightful for fashion research.

  17. Traditional values in the function of promotion of Šumadija and Pomoravlje as rural tourism destinations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mandarić Marija

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Rural tourism and diversification of economic activities are now an integral part of sustainable development of rural areas and regions of Šumadija and Pomoravlje. Development of rural tourism improves the economic position and social activity of the population of rural areas. Šumadija and Pomoravlje region has significant natural and human resources for the development of rural tourism, which have not been adequately utilized. The preservation of authentic values of climate, especially of traditional crafts and gastronomy, can contribute to the development and recognition of the region as a new destination for rural tourism in Serbia. Traditional products due to their features, quality and heritage, can become a regional brand, and also promote the region as a unique destination of rural tourism. The aim of the paper is to explore the representation of traditional crafts, production of handicrafts and traditional cuisine in the region of Šumadija and Pomoravlje. The results of the research conducted point to a significant and under-utilized potential of traditional values in the development and promotion of the region as a rural tourism destination.

  18. The importance of family relations for cannabis users: the case of serbian adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terzic Supic, Zorica; Santric Milicevic, Milena; Sbutega, Isidora; Vasic, Vladimir

    2013-01-01

    Adolescence is transitional stage of physical and mental human development occuring between childhood and adult life. Social interactions and environmental factors together are important predictors of adolescent cannabis use. This study aimed to examine the relationship between the social determinants and adolescents behavior with cannabis consumption. A cross sectional study as part of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs was conducted among 6.150 adolescents aged 16 years in three regions of Serbia, and three types of schools (gymnasium, vocational - professional, and vocational - handicraft) during May - June 2008. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was carried out to obtain adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals in which the dependent variable was cannabis consumption non-user and user. Among 6.7% of adolescents who had tried cannabis at least one in their lives, boys were more involved in cannabis use than girls, especially boys from gymnasium school. Well off family, lower education of mother, worse relations with parents were significantly associated with cannabis use (P related to cannabis use (P study confirmed the importance of family relationship development. Drug use preventive programmes should include building interpersonal trust in a family lifecycle and school culture.

  19. Effect of malt milling for wort extract content

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gábor Géczi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Beer manufacturing is one of the most ancient procedures of food manufacturing. The four (in many cases much more ingredients, the great numbers of technological steps and variations of technological parameters (temperature, time, pressure etc. have a major influence on both type and quality of the final product. As a result of this, studying beer brewing may offer a great deal of possibilities for numerous researches, scientific examinations, and can provide useful informations for the manufacturing companies as well. At the „Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra" we examined an entire beer brewing process in October 2013, utilising the Ahlborn sensors, which were integrated in the instruments. Simultaneously, in Gödöllő at the Szent István University, we analysed the effect of malt milling on extract yield and the filterability of wort. We used the brewing parameters (temperature, time, volume ratios, which were experienced in the microbrewery and published in professional literature. Our results verify the conclusions drawn in the professional literature, however they point out the importance of grinding. Results performed on the yields with different grain-constitution might directly be utilised for the specialists of recently in Slovakia and Hungary spreading small-scale, handicraft, and homemade beer brewing.

  20. Traditional, fashion and new perspective on fashion tourism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montazer, Z.; Zare Bidoki, F.

    2017-10-01

    Have you ever heard about Iranian needlework? The needlework of Iran have always been the sign of love, patience and activation. This art that ornaments the surface of fabric with colourful yarns, uses needle is considered as one of the widest branches of handicrafts. Nowadays there are at least 42 branches of needleworks in Iran and among these, the Zoroastrian embroidery is the oldest one. We try to make a new perspective on this art by quickening this beautiful art and designing it on modern fabrics and also combining it with fashion tourism. Iran has a touristic potential in culture, because of its rich, mysteries history and every year thousands of tourists come to Iran to know more about human history and as Yazd is the main region of Zoroastrians occupation that every year attract many tourists and also is famous for its textiles so we start our study in this city. The conclusion of the study emphasized the fact that there is room for the fashion industry to open the new contribution to tourism in Yazd State. However, this depends on the development of a separate frame work for fashion tourism in Iran

  1. An ergonomics study on the evaluation of carpal tunnel syndrome among Chikan embroidery workers of West Bengal, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gangopadhyay, Somnath; Chakrabarty, Sabarni; Sarkar, Krishnendu; Dev, Samrat; Das, Tamal; Banerjee, Sunetra

    2015-01-01

    Chikan embroidery is a popular handicraft in India that involves hand-intensive stitching while seated in a static posture with the upper back curved and the head bent over the fabric. Women perform most Chikan embroidery. The aim of this study was to analyze the repetitive nature of this work among female Chikan embroiderers by measuring the prevalence of upper extremity discomfort and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire was used to analyze the extent of upper extremity pain symptomology. The repetitive nature of Chikan embroidery work was evaluated using the Assessment of Repetitive Tasks of the upper limbs tool (ART). Motor nerve conduction studies of median and ulnar nerves were performed with embroidery workers and a control group to determine the risk of CTS. Among embroidery workers, the prevalence of wrist pain was 68% and forearm pain was 60%. The embroiderers also commonly reported Tingling and numbness in the hands and fingertips. The ART analysis found that Chikan embroidery is a highly repetitive task and nerve conduction studies showed that the embroidery workers were more likely to experience CTS than women in the control group. Chikan embroidery is a hand-intensive occupation involving repetitive use of hands and wrists and this study population is at risk of experiencing CTS. Future research should explore the potential benefits of ergonomics measures including incorporating breaks, stretching exercises, and the use of wrist splints to reduce repetitive strain and the probability of developing CTS.

  2. The role of monastic embroidery workshops in the formation of the early modern Polish embroidery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolina Stanilewicz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the state of research and the research problems concerning the early modern Polish embroidery and the role of the monastic workshops in its formation. Embroidery was one of the regular occupation in the female congregations. Nuns embroidered for their churches, as well as they took the orders from outside – from male congregations, the higher clergy and the secular customers. Their importance has increased in the 17th century, and in the 18th century nearly all convents dealt with this craft. The preserved embroideries reflect the general stylish trends prevailing in the handicrafts, but they are characterized by greater conservatism. Their level is very varied, from perfect works to very weak and inept ones. Nuns rarely prepared themselves patterns for embroideries, more often they used the services of craftsmen or they were repeating the proven solutions. They certainly used the embroidery pattern books. An important inspiration for them were also patterns of fabrics. While the floral motifs showed high proficiency, in less common figural presentations we often see much incompetence. Vestments decorated with the elaborate symbolic representations are distinguished among them. At this stage of research it seems that the monastic workshops have had a major impact on the prosperity of embroidery in the Republic of Poland and that along with the guilds they developed a certain style and taste. Preserved objects are waiting for being catalogued and for insightful research that let us connect more of them with definite workshops.

  3. The Role of Context in Third Graders’ Learning of Area Measurement

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    Denny Haris

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Many researches showed that the most of students find the difficulty in measuring area. The formula of area tends to be taught directly without involving the conceptual basis and the area measurement are separated from children’s daily experiences. For this reason, the teaching and learning of area measurement was designed and link to a set of students’ experience-based activities. The context of this research is Indonesian traditional handicraft namely anyaman. The study is situated in the context of implementing an Indonesian version of Realistic Mathematics Education, labeled as PMRI in Indonesia. Design Research methodology comprising preliminary design, teaching experiment, and retrospective analysis is applied. This research described the investigation of the context as preliminary of teaching and learning about area measurement held in 3th grade of primary school SDN 119 Palembang. The result of the teaching experiment showed that problem embedded in a context could encourage the students to develop the idea of area measurement concept. The strategies through emergent modeling showed how students’ contribution could be used to develop gradually their reasoning of area measurement concept. In the experience-based activities for learning area measurement, emergent modeling played an important role in the shift of students’ reasoning from informal level towards formal mathematical concepts of area measurement.

  4. Ethnobotanical Study of Plants Used by People in Hiang Indigenous Forest Kerinci, Jambi

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    Evan Vria Andesmora

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is a high-abundance tropical forests country. It plays a very important role for world life because of its species richness than others. One of the forest resources in Indonesia is indigenous forests. Indonesia is rich of local wisdom such as that possessed by indigenous peoples. Indigenous peoples have a potential of the biological resources conservation. As a sustainable management tradition, communities around indigenous forest also have the efforts to preserve the forest.  The data collection of community knowledge about plants was conducted by interviews and direct-field observation. Data were analyzed using index of cultural significance. The results showed that there are 48 species of plants utilized by communities in Hiang Indigenous Forest, 27 species are used as firewoods, 15 species as building materials, 7 species as medicinal plants, 6 species as traditional handicraft ingredients and 4 species as secondary foods and traditional ritual materials. Most of widely-used plants by the community are Altingia excels, and Styrax benzoin is used as incense in a traditional ritual.

  5. О торговых связях города на плато Эски-Кермен с Херсоном (по материалам строительной керамики / On trade relations of the City on the Plateau of Eski-Kermen with Cherson (data from building ceramics

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    Zavadskaya I.A.

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is the first description of the complex of roof tiles of the 1st group according to the Chersonesian classification, discovered during the excavations of the urban quarter at the Eski-Kermen plateau in 2003—2008, 2013, 2015—2017 (headed by A. I. Aibabin and E. A. Khayredinova. It was argued that this group of roof tiles was made in the medieval Cherson or in its neighborhood. In the excavated part of the Eski-Kermena quarter, its volume was 9.7 % of the total number of tiles. The most of this group of tiles was found in the layers of destruction of the manor houses II and III. Probably shortly before the destruction of the quarter in the late 13th century, the tile imported from Cherson was used for the reconstruction of the roofs of these manors. Many ceramides had relief marks in the form of Greek letters, symbols, images of animals, birds and humans. Some of them are identical to the roof tiles from the excavations of Cherson. Thus, the tile, along with other handicraft products, was a part of the range of goods brought from Cherson to the Eski-Kermen plateau.

  6. 日本战国大名的治国之策%Japanese Daimyos' Strategies of Governance During the Sengoku Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金林

    2012-01-01

    15世纪中叶至16世纪中叶的日本战国时代也是其历史上经济和文化的发展较有成就的时期。战国大名们为了领国的安稳和繁荣,采取了一系列积极措施:重农、发展手工业、促进商业流通、整顿土地、实施法治,并在组织上推行“家臣制”等,推进了时代的发展。%From the mid-15^th century to the mid-16^th century, the Sengoku period,or the Warring States period in Japanese history, is an age of intense internal warfare. Historical facts show that in spite of the military conflicts, this period is actually a time of both economic and cultural achievements,as a result of the numerous actions taken by the lords. Policies were made to keep agriculture healthy and to promote handicraft industry and commercial exchanges. Among the measures that contributed to the development of the age, more remarkable ones include land registration, rule of law and the introduction of vassal system to strengthen the hierarchical organization.

  7. LOCAL IDENTITY MEETING WITH CITY: CITTASLOW-SLOW CITIES

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    Tugba Ustun Topal

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Cities are characterised by local identities, which have been shaped by natural and cultural values. Constituting elements of local identity are settlement pattern bearing the traces of past, local music, traditional taste, handicrafts and life story. Besides, there has been a fast pace of life owing to globalization, and globally standardized cities, where local identities are ignored, have been emerged in planning-design-implementation process. From this viewpoint, Cittaslow movement has become a major turning point for liveable and sustainable cities that emphasize the local character. In this context, in the study, it is aimed to raise awareness about Cittaslow which is an example of an urban model for sustainability. In line with this purpose, the importance of Cittaslow approach and the criteria that are needed to be met for being a member of the Association of Cittaslow have been revealed. In line with these criteria Cittaslow cities in Turkey were discussed comparatively in terms of their features were considered. Examples from our country have been evaluated together with the international Cittaslow examples. In addition, proposals have been made by developing strategies in planning- designing and implementation process for the Cittaslow approach.

  8. Short-Term Lifestyle Strategies for Sustaining Cognitive Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, John N.; Steel, Knight; Strout, Kelley A.; Fries, Brant E.; Moore, Alice; Garms-Homolová, Vjenka

    2016-01-01

    Cognitive decline impacts older adults, particularly their independence. The goal of this project was to increase understanding of how short-term, everyday lifestyle options, including physical activity, help an older adult sustain cognitive independence. Using a secondary analysis of lifestyle choices, we drew on a dataset of 4,620 community-dwelling elders in the US, assessed at baseline and one year later using 2 valid and reliable tools, the interRAI Community Health Assessment and the interRAI Wellness tool. Decline or no decline on the Cognitive Performance Scale was the dependent variable. We examined sustaining one's status on this measure over a one-year period in relation to key dimensions of wellness through intellectual, physical, emotional, social, and spiritual variables. Engaging in physical activity, formal exercise, and specific recreational activities had a favorable effect on short-term cognitive decline. Involvement with computers, crossword puzzles, handicrafts, and formal education courses also were protective factors. The physical and intellectual domains of wellness are prominent aspects in protection from cognitive decline. Inherent in these two domains are mutable factors suitable for targeted efforts to promote older adult health and well-being. PMID:27891520

  9. Uses of Local Plant Biodiversity among the Tribal Communities of Pangi Valley of District Chamba in Cold Desert Himalaya, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rana, Pawan Kumar; Kumar, Puneet; Singhal, Vijay Kumar; Rana, Jai Chand

    2014-01-01

    Pangi Valley is the interior most tribal area in Himachal Pradesh of Northwest Himalaya. An ethnobotanical investigation is attempted to highlight the traditional knowledge of medicinal plants being used by the tribes of Pangi Valley. Various localities visited in the valley 2-3 times in a year and ethnobotanical information was collected through interviews with elderly people, women, shepherds, and local vaids during May 2009 to September 2013. This paper documented 67 plant species from 59 genera and 36 families along with their botanical name, local name, family name, habit, medicinal parts used, and traditional usage, including the use of 35 plants with new ethnomedicinal and other use from the study area for the first time. Wild plants represent an important part of their medicinal, dietary, handicraft, fuel wood, veterinary, and fodder components. These tribal inhabitants and migrants depend on the wild plant resources for food, medicines, fuel, fibre, timber, and household articles for their livelihood security. The present study documents and contributes significant ethnobotanical information from the remote high altitude and difficult region of the world, which remains cut off from rest of the world for 6-7 months due to heavy snowfall. PMID:24696658

  10. Promoting women entrepreneurs in Lebanon: the experience of UNIFEM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Husseini, R

    1997-02-01

    The work of the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM) in West Asia began in 1994 with a regional program to strengthen women-owned enterprises in Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon. In Lebanon, a survey of 100 women entrepreneurs, as well as nontraditional credit programs and banks, was conducted prior to program design. A second survey assessed micro-entrepreneurs' demands for financial and other services. Since gender analysis was a new concept in Lebanon, UNIFEM organized a gender awareness workshop for representatives of government, nongovernmental organizations, and the banking sector, followed by a strategic planning workshop. The surveys confirmed that women were concentrated mainly in the less profitable economic sectors, producing handicrafts and food products or running small service or trading companies. Women were less likely than men to get bank loans or to register their businesses. Women's problems accessing credit--the main obstacle limiting their ability to develop their businesses--were compounded by their lack of information, male-oriented collateral requirements, and discriminatory banking regulations. UNIFEM decided to channel counseling of women entrepreneurs on legal matters, marketing, and credit sources through the Ministry of Social Affairs. It is expected that knowledge of gender-related employment issues and the use of gender-specific analysis will become integral to the Ministry's program as a result.

  11. Utilisations des produits forestiers autres que le bois (PFAB au Cameroun. Cas du projet forestier du Mont Koupé

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    Tshiamala-Tshibangu, N.

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Utilization of Non Wood Forest Products in Cameroon. The Case of the Forest Project of the Koupe Mont. A survey using some elements of the RAA method described by Gueye and Schoonmaker (4 led to the identification of 26 plant species belonging to 15 botanical families in the Koupe Mountain forest project (Cameroon. This study deals with the utilization of non wood forest products. The small number of species reported by the study can be explained by the fact that the survey took into account only the species really used by the local population and not all those present in the forest. Study established that : harvesting and utilization of these resources generate incomes, create jobs and allow local population satisfying their needs of food, fodder, medicine, resins, dyes, fiber, handicrafts, flavorings, building materials... Unfortunately, due to organizational problems and absence of structures, the commercialization of these products does not contribute to the welfare of the local population and to the development of the production area which remained dominated by agriculture. In order to ensure the perennial characteristic of the highly demanded species, measures permitting their conservation and their sustainable utilization such as : regulation of the type and the rate of harvesting, use of non destructive harvesting techniques, their domestication through agroforestry techniques, their introduction in home-gardens... should be taken. The management of these resources requires the involvement and effective participation of the rural community. This can be achieved through mass sensitization, training and use of the media.

  12. Budaya dan Kualitas Kerja pada Perusahaan Manufaktur dan Eksportir Rotan

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    Rudy Aryanto

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Cane (Calamus spp, also known as rattan, is an important non-timber forest product used extensively all over Indonesia as a raw material for making furniture, handicraft, and other household articles. The study aims to generate information on production and export industry of rattan furniture, identify problems, and recommend solutions. The general problem on rattan manufacture management is human resources especially working ethos and performance of employees. The aim of this research is to analyze the influence of quality management and working ethos towards working performance of the employee at a rattan exporter and industry. Analysis method used are associative and Pearson correlation. The data collected from the employee towards quality management and working ethos, by filling out the questionnaire provided by using Likert scale that is effective to analyze the composition of the agreement and disagreement towards the statement on the questionnaire. The result achieved from this research is to learn the relation between quality management of working ethos, notify the relation between quality management and working ethos with working performance, and acknowledge the influence between quality management and working ethos, and working performance. The quality management has a low relation towards working performance. Working ethos has a strong relation with working performance. Quality management and working ethos has a strong relation towards working performance employees in rattan exporter and industry.

  13. Dampak Implementasi Penggunaan Teknologi Manufaktur Tingkat Lanjut -Advanced Manufacturing Technology pada Kinerja UKM di Indonesia

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    Jani Rahardjo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In Indonesia, 99.8% of the businesses are SMEs. However, those SMEs only contribute to the 56.7% of the Indonesia GDP.  This happened, mainly due to the limitations of SMEs which use traditional technologies in the production process. Therefore, in 2014, the Indonesian government through the Ministry of Cooperation and Small Medium Entreprises launced a new strategic plan to empowering the SMEs by applying the Advanced Manufacting Technology (AMT. It is believed that by applying the AMT in the SMEs can increase productivities, expand the market share and raised national economic growth. This study, identified the used of AMT in the Indonesia SMEs, especially in foods, beverages, herbal and handicraft sectors. Additionally, it is also measured the impact of the used of AMT in the SMEs’ performaces. In this study, it is found that 76.6 % of the total sampel (253 SMEs declared that they use the AMT. This indicates that the Indonesia SMEs have a clear operation mission, process production, high quality products and meet the customer’s satisfaction. It is also found that the percentage of the hard technology is higher than the soft technology. This showed that there is a large effort to increase the productivity in the process production. Finally, we found that the impact of the AMT used to the SMEs’ performance in the market share, profitability and organization performance is increased significantly.

  14. Soils and cultural layers of ancient cities in the south of European Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleksandrovskii, A. L.; Aleksandrovskaya, E. I.; Dolgikh, A. V.; Zamotaev, I. V.; Kurbatova, A. N.

    2015-11-01

    Antique cities in the south of European Russia are characterized by a considerable thickness of their cultural layers (urbosediments) accumulated as construction debris and household wastes. Under the impact of pedogenesis and weathering in dry climate of the steppe zone, these sediments have acquired the features of loesslike low-humus calcareous and alkaline deposits. They are also enriched in many elements (P, Zn, Ca, Cu, Pb, As) related to the diverse anthropogenic activities. The soils developed from such urbosediments can be classified as urbanozems (Urban Technosols), whereas chernozems close to their zonal analogues have developed in the surface layer of sediments covering long-abandoned ancient cities. Similar characteristics have been found for the soils of the medieval and more recent cities in the studied region. Maximum concentrations of the pollutants are locally found in the antique and medieval urbosediments enriched in dyes, handicrafts from nonferrous metals, and other artifacts. Surface soils of ancient cities inherit the properties and composition of the cultural layer. Even in chernozems that developed under steppe vegetation on the surface of the abandoned antique cities of Phanagoria and Tanais for about 1000—1500 years, the concentrations of copper, zinc, and calcium carbonates remain high. Extremely high phosphorus concentrations in these soils should be noted. This is related to the stability of calcium phosphates from animal bones that are abundant in the cultural layer acting as parent material for surface soils.

  15. Self-reliance through FP program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-01

    The Yogyakarta Chapter of the Indonesian Planned Parenthood Association (IPPA), having been successful in bringing about a realization by the local community of the importance of family planning, has broadened its activities in an effort to further promote family welfare. Since 1980, the organization has begun a number of projects designed to increase the income of its client population. Given the fact that family planning acceptors of IPPA's Yogyakarta Chapter range from government officials' wives to farmers and school dropouts, its family income increase projects have been varied. Skills in such areas as bee breeding and hairdressing have been taught, and credit cooperatives have been established. These projects have been integrated with the group's family planning activities and have been paid for entirely with local funds. An integrated family planning/income increase project currently being operated by the Yogyakarta Chapter of IPPA is known as KBP2K. Along with the attempt to increase family income, the project aims to expand the acceptance of family planning and to retain existing acceptors in the family planning program. As of the 3rd quarter of 1987, 235 people had participated in the project and 59 new acceptors had been acquired. Family planning education was provided and classes were taught in various handicraft industries. Studies have revealed that the income levels of program participants significantly increased.

  16. Setulang forest conservation strategy in safeguarding the conservation of non-timber forest products in Malinau District

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutauruk, T. R.; Lahjie, A. M.; Simarangkir, B. D. A. S.; Aipassa, M. I.; Ruslim, Y.

    2018-04-01

    Some research on human relationships with forests shows that human activities for the forests are sufficient to meet demand or to meet demand. Both will directly or indirectly change the perceptions of the people who exploit them against the forests being utilized. Setulang community one of the community groups that intensively utilize NTFP as one of the source of fulfillment and fulfill the demand of handicraft product. For needs and demand of livelihood the people of Setulang choose to make the existing forest in the Tane Olen area into. The analysis method used in this research with Stength Weakness Opportunity and Threat (SWOT). The results of this study show the extent to which the commitment of Setulang community and the conservation efforts of Setulang community both self-help and donor assistance and the local government, as well as what strategic steps can be taken by the stakeholders to conserve so that the village forest can provide benefits in the short or long term. Strategic measures need to be set up save Setulang State Forest from degradation and deforestation occurring around the village.

  17. Metafore del meccanico nel pensiero di Diderot. Arti e tecniche

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    Paolo Quintili

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The natural philosophy of Diderot is built from the experience of the fundamental Description des Arts in the Encyclopedia, or from the «great and beautiful collection of machines» which the work provides a very rich representation. Models and metaphors that Diderot constructs to describe the world of organic beings, from the Pensées sur l'Interpretation de la nature (1753, are inspired by the world of the mechanical arts and crafts. The manouvriers d’expériences, the experimental philosophers, are the great inventors and discoverers of the secrets of nature and living being: to them Diderot inspire itself and his work as a philosopher of nature and arts. From the loom to weave socks, to the fire pump, the description of the machine proceeds through a complex network of metaphors that combine the operation of the instrument to that of organic life. The machine energises itself and the organism, in turn, is mechanized in a maze of functional architectures, according to new models and artistic metaphors of living beings, other than cartesian one. Diderot does not cease to be mechanistic still in his last vitalistic works, from Le Rêve de D’Alembert, to the Éléments de Physiologie. The new world of handicraft and artisans remains the key reference point in the philosophical work of the encyclopaedist-naturalist: weaving loom socks and sensible harpsichord are the two tools / metaphors that describe the man and his rational and specific nature.

  18. Textural patterns, mineralogy, and chemistry of sandstone-related Calçadinha chalcedony (Piauí, Brazil

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    Marcondes Lima da Costa

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Paleozoic sandstones of the Parnaíba Basin, in addition to hosting opal deposits, also have occurrences of chalcedonies with potential for mineral and ornamental handicrafts, in addition to assisting the understanding of the geological evolution of the basin. However, the chalcedonies were not investigated yet, and this study intended to fulfill this gap by the investigation of the chalcedonies of Calçadinha in Piauí. Fieldwork, microtexturals analysis, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive spectrometry, chemical analysis, and gemological assessments were developed. Four distinct types of chalcedonies have been distinguished. They stand out for their well distribution of Fe and Mn dendrites, which involves opal nodules, and contains microcavities with well-formed microcrystalline quartz, nontronite, and palygorskite. The mesoscopic features of these chalcedonies and cabochon and free forms cutting show potential for use in mineral crafts and semi-jewels. As expected, the chalcedonies are dominated by high contents of SiO2, besides the low and variable contents of Al2O3, Fe2O3, MgO, and TiO2. Among trace elements that show high Ba contents, bound in barite, seem also to be a geochemical signature of the country sandstones in Parnaíba basin. These chalcedonies were formed during the partial solubilization of SiO2 of sandstones, which was promoted during their tectonic formation in faults and fractures zones.

  19. DINAMIKA USAHA PENGRAJIN REOG PONOROGO

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    Naning Kristiyana

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The prospect of Reog's handicrafts is more exciting because Reog's art is now one of the mainstays of Ponorogo tourism in national and even international scale. This study aims: Knowing the business conditions of craftsmen Reog Ponorogo, and Know the problems faced by the craftsmen Reog Ponorogo. Respondents of this study are Reog Craftsmen in Ponorogo. This research uses Quantitative Descriptive research method. The sample in this study population because the population is less than 100 ie 31 craftsmen. The data were collected by questionnaire. Data analysis in the field using descriptive and quantitative descriptive explorative format. The result of the research is known that the business of reog craft is mostly done downhill. Craftsmen have pioneered the business since about 10-20 years ago. Making a reog craft does not require higher education proved the largest number of artisans have a minimum of elementary education. The total workforce of each craftsman <20 workers. The highest level of labor education is SMP.Productions made monthly can reach the sales target because most of the production is based on orders from retailers. The market share of craft reog to foreign countries such as Malaysia, Korea, America, and others. The main problem of craftsmen is the difficulty in obtaining raw materials such as peacock, tiger skin, cow leather, cow tail, horse tail and high price of raw materials, capital problem.

  20. Economic, Political and Symbolic Management of “Traditional Knowledge”: The Construction of a Self-Identity in a Globalized World

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    Marc Lenaerts

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper is the introduction to the dossier with three articles resulting from the Symposium “Economic, Political and Symbolic Management of ‘Traditional Knowledge’: Indigenous Criteria and External Redefinitions” of the 53rd International Congress of Americanists (Mexico, 2009. We have modified the subtitle of the Symposium, adopting in exchange for this dossier the subtitle of the Congress’ motto: “The Construction of a Self-Identity in a Globalized World”. The first part of the text remembers Ana María Spadafora, co-organizer of the Symposium and editor of the dossier, who passed away in 2010. The second part presents the aim of the Symposium and the contribution of the three articles in the dossier, plus Ana María Spadafora’s article, which was published earlier in this journal. Even though they touch on quite different research fields—bio-trade in Mexico and Peru, commercialization of handicrafts in French Guiana, modifications of traditional knowledge among the Ashéninka of Peru, and dreams of Pilagá women of the Chaco as practical action—all four papers show that the emphasis on relational aspects, the polyvalence of thoughts and practices or the imbrication of speaking, thinking and doing are stronger constants than the persistence of this or that emblematic element of “ethnic tradition.”

  1. [Risk assessment of work-related upper limb musculoskeletal disorders in thirty factories in the upholstered furniture industry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicoletti, S; Carino, M; Di Leone, G; Trani, G; Colombini, Daniela; Occhipinti, E

    2008-01-01

    One of the most common procedures for risk assessment of upper limb work-related musculoskeletal disorders (UL-WMSDs) in Italy is the OCRA synthetic index, which is recommended as the preferred method in the ISO standard 11228-3. The aim of the survey was to assess the risk of UL-WMSDs due to repetitive strain and movements in thirty factories of the sofa industry located in a large geographic area of southern Italy. The most characteristic working tasks of the manufacturing process were studied: filling preparation workers, leather-cutting operators, sewing and upholstery-assembly workers. The single tasks were carried out almost exclusively manually, with features of a handicraft approach. Data were collected through questionnaires and video tape recordings in each factory. The mean value of the OCRA index of every group of factories was calculated by weighting the values of the index of each single task group with the number of the workers. Figures obtained in the different factories showed values of the OCRA index ranging between 4 and 15. A 2,9 OCRA value was attributed to a low exposure group. Even though the work tasks analyzed were characterized by long duration of the manufacturing cycle (between 5 and 60 min), a particular but rigorous application of the OCRA procedures made it possible for a detailed risk assessment to be made for each of the working groups analysed.

  2. The Contemporary Museum as a Site for Displaying Values

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    Mare Kõiva

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Museums constitute an important cultural and social resource. The main objective of museums is making certain objects in the collection visible or, on the contrary, leaving them invisible. In contemporary society the institution serves many important roles, being a place for displaying historical and contemporary values, an institution for preserving and displaying personal and collective memory, cultural values, for collecting tangible and intangible values, an institution for creating identity and ethnic kudos, a work place, an educational environment, a framework for promoting ethnic handicraft and art, a place for integrating different folklore festivals, exhibitions, shows; they are connected to tourism patterns and museum business. The article reflects the changes in the development of museums in the late twentieth and early twenty-first century, focusing on the main key words being multifunctional museum, the museum as an open classroom, presentation of tangible and intangible history, the relation and mergence of permanent and temporary exhibitions. The issues of digitalization and preservation and the role of the exhibition curator and the person represented on displays have increased in the museology of the past few decades. The museums’ tradition of self-replication and an increased interest in museological anthropology indicate that museums fulfil an important role in society.

  3. Cultural Heritage Tourism in Malaysia: Issues and Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ismail Norhasimah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Malaysia is experiencing an incredible pace of tourism development and heritage tourism is one of the tourism branches that have long contributed to appeal the tourist destination and acts as important marketing tool to attract tourist especially with special interests in heritage and arts. Cultural heritage tourism has emerged as a potential form of alternative tourism among both international tourists as well as Malaysian domestic travelers. The difference of ethnics present in Malaysia brought different local knowledge discipline ranging from its architecture, handicrafts, traditional attire, music and dance, which reflects a colorful heritage and an amalgamated culture. There are arise of conflict in management of cultural heritage tourism in Malaysia face by tourism managers, stakeholders, governments, cultural heritage managers and local community itself. In order to maintain, conserve and preserve the resources and assets of cultural heritage in Malaysia, a system or management need to be develop that take into consideration on every issues and challenge, so that the decision making process is reliable to optimize the value of cultural heritage tourism industry in Malaysia. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview and discuss the status, issues and challenge of cultural heritage tourism in Malaysia.

  4. Short-Term Lifestyle Strategies for Sustaining Cognitive Status

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    Elizabeth P. Howard

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Cognitive decline impacts older adults, particularly their independence. The goal of this project was to increase understanding of how short-term, everyday lifestyle options, including physical activity, help an older adult sustain cognitive independence. Using a secondary analysis of lifestyle choices, we drew on a dataset of 4,620 community-dwelling elders in the US, assessed at baseline and one year later using 2 valid and reliable tools, the interRAI Community Health Assessment and the interRAI Wellness tool. Decline or no decline on the Cognitive Performance Scale was the dependent variable. We examined sustaining one’s status on this measure over a one-year period in relation to key dimensions of wellness through intellectual, physical, emotional, social, and spiritual variables. Engaging in physical activity, formal exercise, and specific recreational activities had a favorable effect on short-term cognitive decline. Involvement with computers, crossword puzzles, handicrafts, and formal education courses also were protective factors. The physical and intellectual domains of wellness are prominent aspects in protection from cognitive decline. Inherent in these two domains are mutable factors suitable for targeted efforts to promote older adult health and well-being.

  5. The pattern of performance management of community service learning empowerment in improving the entrepreneurship on the graduation candidate of Vocational Technology Education Institution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadromi

    2017-03-01

    The purpose of this research is to evaluate the pattern of performance management of Community Service Empowerment Learning-Universitas Negeri Semarang in improving the entrepreneurship of the graduate candidate of Vocational Technology Education Institution. This evaluation research uses Context Evaluation, Input evaluation, Process evaluation and Product evaluation method (CIPP) to evaluate the performance management of Community Service of Empowerment Learning-Universitas Negeri Semarang. The location of research was in Kandri Subdistrict-Indonesia. The subject of research is the Kandri Subdistrict community, especially the groups of the youth, students, subdistrict organizers, community organization, and culinery and handicraft industry, as well as the students who join the program of Community Service of Empowerment Learning-Universitas Negeri Semarang. The object of research is the pattern of perfomance management of Community Service Empowerment Learning-Universitas Negeri Semarang in improving the entrepreneurship of the graduation candidate of Vocational Technology Education Institution. The research result shows the pattern of Community Service Empowerment Learning-Universitas Negeri Semarang is able to improve the enterpreneurship of graduate candidate of Vocational Technology Education Institution. The pattern of Community Service Empowerment Community-Universitas Negeri Semarang which is Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)in the field of education, training, and assistance continuously can grasp and develop competency and balance mindset of students including triple bottom line which mutually connectedamong the sectors of social, economic, cultural, and environment so that it can increase the entrerpreneurship on the graduates candidate of Vocational Technology Education Institution

  6. Modern technical solutions of gas-fired heating devices of household and communal use and analysis of their testing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bodzon, L.; Radwan, W. [Oil Mining and Gas Engineering Institute, Cracow (Poland)

    1995-12-31

    A review of technical solutions for gas-fired heating devices for household and communal use in Poland is presented. Based upon the analysis it is stated that the power output of Polish and foreign boilers ranges between 9 and 35 kW. The carbon monoxide content in flue gases reaches (on average) 0.005 vol.%, i.e., it is much lower than the maximum permissible level. Temperature of flue gases (excluding condensation boilers and those with air-tight combustion chamber) ranges between 150 and 200{degrees}C and their heating efficiency reaches 87-93%. The best parameters are given for condensation boilers, however they are still not widespread in Poland for the high cost of the equipment and assembling works. Among the heaters, the most safe are convection devices with closed combustion chamber; their efficiency is also the highest. Thus, it is concluded that a wide spectrum of high efficiency heating devices with good combustion parameters are available. The range of output is sufficient to meet household and communal requirement. They are however - predominantly - units manufactured abroad. It is difficult to formulate the program aimed at the improvement of the technique of heating devices made in Poland, and its implementation is uncertain because the production process is broken up into small handicraft workshops.

  7. Ancestral knowledge about the use of flora and fauna in the indigenous community Tikuna from Cushillo Cocha, border with Peru-Colombia-Brazil

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    Elsa Rengifo-Salgado

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, ancestral indigenous knowledge (ethno-knowledge of the indigenous community “Tikuna from Cushillo Cocha” is reported. The community is located in the province of Ramón Castilla, northeast of Loreto Region, Peru. Data was collected through participatory workshops, interviews and biological expeditions in order to collect plant species, observe animals and identify them in situ, always accompanied by local people considered them with experience and knowledge of their territory. A total of 247 species of flora and fauna were registered. In ethnobotany, 101 species were identified, grouped in seven categories of assigned uses by locals, being food and medicinal categories the most representative. For the case of ethnozoology, 146 species were identified, which are used in six categories, being food and pet categories the most relevant. It was evidenced that the forest is the main source for food, medical supplies, handicrafts, animals as pets to be sold and plants as ornamental, all these with important acceptance by the indigenous population.

  8. Integration of the informal sector into municipal solid waste management in the Philippines - What does it need?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paul, Johannes G., E-mail: jp.aht.p3@gmail.com [GIZ-AHT Project Office SWM4LGUs, c/o DENR, Iloilo City (Philippines); Arce-Jaque, Joan [GIZ-AHT Project Office SWM4LGUs, c/o DENR, Iloilo City (Philippines); Ravena, Neil; Villamor, Salome P. [General Service Office, City Government, Iloilo City (Philippines)

    2012-11-15

    The integration of the informal sector into municipal solid waste management is a challenge many developing countries face. In Iloilo City, Philippines around 220 tons of municipal solid waste are collected every day and disposed at a 10 ha large dumpsite. In order to improve the local waste management system the Local Government decided to develop a new Waste Management Center with integrated landfill. However, the proposed area is adjacent to the presently used dumpsite where more than 300 waste pickers dwell and depend on waste picking as their source of livelihood. The Local Government recognized the hidden threat imposed by the waste picker's presence for this development project and proposed various measures to integrate the informal sector into the municipal solid waste management (MSWM) program. As a key intervention a Waste Workers Association, called USWAG Calahunan Livelihood Association Inc. (UCLA) was initiated and registered as a formal business enterprise in May 2009. Up to date, UCLA counts 240 members who commit to follow certain rules and to work within a team that jointly recovers wasted materials. As a cooperative they are empowered to explore new livelihood options such as the recovery of Alternative Fuels for commercial (cement industry) and household use, production of compost and making of handicrafts out of used packages. These activities do not only provide alternative livelihood for them but also lessen the generation of leachate and Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions from waste disposal, whereby the life time of the proposed new sanitary landfill can be extended likewise.

  9. Petro-mineralogy and geochemistry as tools of provenance analysis on archaeological pottery: Study of Inka Period ceramics from Paria, Bolivia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szilágyi, V.; Gyarmati, J.; Tóth, M.; Taubald, H.; Balla, M.; Kasztovszky, Zs.; Szakmány, Gy.

    2012-07-01

    This paper summarized the results of comprehensive petro-mineralogical and geochemical (archeometrical) investigation of Inka Period ceramics excavated from Inka (A.D. 1438-1535) and Late Intermediate Period (A.D. 1000/1200-1438) sites of the Paria Basin (Dept. Oruro, Bolivia). Applying geological analytical techniques we observed a complex and important archaeological subject of the region and the era, the cultural-economic influence of the conquering Inkas in the provincial region of Paria appearing in the ceramic material. According to our results, continuity and changes of raw material utilization and pottery manufacturing techniques from the Late Intermediate to the Inka Period are characterized by analytical methods. The geological field survey provided efficient basis for the identification of utilized raw material sources. On the one hand, ceramic supply of both eras proved to be based almost entirely on local and near raw material sources. So, imperial handicraft applied local materials but with sophisticated imperial techniques in Paria. On the other hand, Inka Imperial and local-style vessels also show clear differences in their material which suggests that sources and techniques functioned already in the Late Intermediate Period subsisted even after the Inka conquest of the Paria Basin. Based on our geological investigations, pottery supply system of the Paria region proved to be rather complex during the Inka Period.

  10. An ergonomics study on the evaluation of carpal tunnel syndrome among Chikan embroidery workers of West Bengal, India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gangopadhyay, Somnath; Chakrabarty, Sabarni; Sarkar, Krishnendu; Dev, Samrat; Das, Tamal; Banerjee, Sunetra

    2015-01-01

    Background: Chikan embroidery is a popular handicraft in India that involves hand-intensive stitching while seated in a static posture with the upper back curved and the head bent over the fabric. Women perform most Chikan embroidery. Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze the repetitive nature of this work among female Chikan embroiderers by measuring the prevalence of upper extremity discomfort and carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Methods: The Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire was used to analyze the extent of upper extremity pain symptomology. The repetitive nature of Chikan embroidery work was evaluated using the Assessment of Repetitive Tasks of the upper limbs tool (ART). Motor nerve conduction studies of median and ulnar nerves were performed with embroidery workers and a control group to determine the risk of CTS. Results: Among embroidery workers, the prevalence of wrist pain was 68% and forearm pain was 60%. The embroiderers also commonly reported Tingling and numbness in the hands and fingertips. The ART analysis found that Chikan embroidery is a highly repetitive task and nerve conduction studies showed that the embroidery workers were more likely to experience CTS than women in the control group. Conclusions: Chikan embroidery is a hand-intensive occupation involving repetitive use of hands and wrists and this study population is at risk of experiencing CTS. Future research should explore the potential benefits of ergonomics measures including incorporating breaks, stretching exercises, and the use of wrist splints to reduce repetitive strain and the probability of developing CTS. PMID:25658674

  11. STRATEGI PEMASARAN KATALOG PRODUK (Studi Kasus Pengrajin Bambu Sukodono Sragen

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    Aflit Nuryulia Praswati

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The promising prospect of bamboo industry is now evolving not only become handicrafts and small enterprises. Stakeholders of bamboo industry need to pay attention on the potency of this industry for its eco-friendliness, expediencies, and advantages. The bamboo industry in Sragen Regency for instance, develops properly but still faces marketing problems as its primary obstacle. Bamboo craftsmen are commonly supplying products based on customer orders. This study identifies the use of catalogue media to promote bamboo product in Sragen Regency. Using study case for descriptive qualitative, this research clarifies that bamboo craftsmen in Sragen Regency need support for development process. The catalogue arrangement process is started from identification of existing products, containing product name, size, usage, and price. Information of producer profile such as name, address, and telephone are equally important attributes for the catalogue. All information in the catalogue must represent profile and accessibility of the related product in order to attract consumers, and practically for its ease of marketing process. These long process, and bamboo handicraftsmen commitment in promotion obstruct this study to determine the efficency of the catalogue in raising bamboo market.

  12. Seed dispersal of a useful palm (Astrocaryum chambira Burret) in three amazonian forests with different human intervention used in ecological restoration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramirez Beatriz H; Parrado Rosselli Angela; Stevenson Pablo

    2009-01-01

    The young leaves of Astrocaryum chambira are used by the indigenous people in the Amazon as raw material for handicrafts. However, few studies have been made on the natural history of this palm and on the indirect impact caused by the decrease of its dispersal agents. Considering that the loss of animal dispersal vectors due to hunting and landscape modification can affect seed dispersal processes of tropical forest plants, the goal of this study was to compare seed dispersal of A. chambira in three terra firme forests of the Colombian Amazon, with different degrees of human intervention. We censused densities of dispersal agents of A. chambira, and characterized the seed shadow. We also marked seeds to estimate dispersal distances, and established density and distance-dependent experimental stations to assess their relevance on seed dispersal. The results showed that seed removal was proportional to dispersal agent densities and forest intervention levels. Insects were the main seed predators in all sites but their effect was less pronounced in the low intervened forest site. Seed density did not show any effect on removal, while a higher probability of survival at intermediate distances from the parent palm (10 m) was found. Future studies should focus on seedling establishment, recruitment rates and the effects of human intervention on subsequent life stages of the palm.

  13. Intermingled Bodies. Distributed Agency in an Expanded Appreciation of Making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Terence E. Rosenberg

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article offers an expanded view of making and, concomitantly, an understanding that through making we constitute the way we are in the world. The article begins with the idea that making produces a 'surrogate' of the body, which extends the body into the world, reforming the body and the world and their relationship. The ideas the article offers run counter to certain currents of thought that reduce making to a narrow cast anthropocentric crafting. Instead of this reduction, where making is merely understood and fixated as a close inembodied handicraft, the article advances: first, that all that we produce is making – not just that which is crafted by the immediacy of a hand; and, second, and linked to this expanded view of making, that all making workst hrough a distributed agency that includes human and non-human actors and actants in meshworks that extend across space – synchronous - and across time –diachronous. In other words, the body is extended into the world through what is made and this made world acts ineluctably on, and in, making. The paper references the practices of three makers to make the case for the need, bothethical and poetic, to think about making as an expanded term and to consideran intentionality of making that works through distributed agency doubly constituted as material and narrative.

  14. Development of Rural Communities by Diversification of Rural Economy in the Context of Sustainable Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Dora Orboi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The sustainable development is a process taking place at the same time with the complex and sustainable agricultural development; agriculture and the rural area being interdependent sides specific to rural communities. When analysing economic activity in the rural area we should pay a particular attention to the identification of such alternative activities that have a real chance for development and create new jobs that compensate the diminution of labour occupancy degree in agriculture. Opportunities of rural economy represent a source of having alternative income for the population from rural communities in order to escape from poverty and in order to accelerate the social progress in the rural area. Alternative activities with economic, social and cultural impact, providers of jobs and incomes are: the development of agro tourism and rural tourism, processing and promoting foodstuff, local traditional drinks, ecological foodstuff, handicraft and silviculture. Improving the conditions for business in the rural area is a main condition for the generation of economic activities generating jobs in the rural area.

  15. CARACTERIZAÇÃO DE SISTEMAS AGRÍCOLAS PRODUTIVOS NO SEMIÁRIDO BRASILEIRO COMO BASES PARA UM PLANEJAMENTO AGROFLORESTAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    THAINÁ CASTILLO SALIN

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aimed to characterize the main agricultural productive systems of the county of Ibimirim in the semi-arid region of the state of Pernambuco, Brazil, in order to obtain data that can serve as subsidy to the implementation of agroforestry systems. Different productive unities were characterized through semi-structured interviews with local agriculturists selected through a stratified sampling. Each layer was composed by the main activity executed by the family which correspondent to: group 1: irrigated agricultural systems; group 2: traditional systems and forest extractivism; group 3: apiculture; group 4: handicraft fishing. The sample was composed by 5% of the small agriculturist in the groups 1, 2 and 3 and 2% in the group 4, due to this group being more homogeneous. The irrigated agriculture stood out in economic terms, althought it has demonstrated limited autonomy due to external raw materials dependence in addition to contribute to soil and hydric resource degradation. The traditional systems high adaptability and the apiculture conservationist character have generated a low impact under the local ecosystems. Fishing, forest extractivism and forest management are activities that allow the agriculturist maintenance in the rural environment and constitute a source of revenue during the dry season. The activities diversification and the integration of different productive systems has been a concrete possibility for income generation and improvement in the life quality of the families in the region. This way, the agroforestry systems of multiple use must be priority in rural development programs for the region sustainability.

  16. General economic conditions in Algeria under French administration 1830-1962 and attempts to search for oil before independence الأوضاع الاقتصادية العامة للجزائر في ظل الإدارة الفرنسية 1830-1962 ومحاولات البحث عن النفط قبل الاستقلال

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osama saheb Monem أسامة صاحب منعم

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available There is no doubt that the French occupation for Algeria, which lasted 132 years, long-term effects affected all aspects of Algerian life, perhaps the most important economic aspects of this study was to shed light on that side before Algerian independence in with a focus on oil as an economic lifeline for countries in the twentieth century. In this sense devoted the first section to clarify the economic life in Algeria, which was based on agriculture, primarily unchanged similar condition all the Arab States of the Ottoman state, and that the French occupation a settlement nature came painted the first two sectors advanced sector occurs continued settlers French, and the Gaza Algerian farmers which knew Sustenance economy, with surrounding drivers to find that situation, as well as the most important section that displays how the control of the French Algerian trade sector through the control of the Algerian domestic market and export capital to France through the monopoly of the Algerian trade. At another level, this topic has focused review of the French efforts in reducing the handicraft industries Algerian, and to make Algeria the French market for jewelry, as well as the sufficiency only extractive industry for the Algerian raw materials and exported to France

  17. Notes about the uses of plants by one of the last healers in the Basilicata Region (South Italy

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    Montesano Vincenzo

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The paper refers to the knowledge and uses of plants and to the linked ritual practices as referred by Matteo (It.‘Zì Matteo’, En. ‘Uncle Matthew’, one of the last elder healers in the Basilicata Region (South Italy. Particular attention is also paid to the uses of ‘Vruca’ (Tamarix gallica L. as a medicinal and magical plant used to heal common warts on various parts of the body. Methods After obtaining prior informed consent, we collected data through an open interview about the uses of the plants and on the associated ritual practices. For each species, data were collected that included the vernacular names, preparation, plant parts utilized and their method of use. Results The uses of 52 taxa are described. Among these, 43 are or were employed medicinally, eight as culinary foodstuffs, and 4 for domestic, handicraft or ethnoveterinary uses. Among the major findings: the ritual and magical use of Tamarix gallica L. to heal warts is described in detail; so far, no records of similar use were found in any Italian ethnobotanical studies conducted in southern Italy. Conclusion Phytotherapy in the Basilicata region is practiced by elderly people who resort to medicinal plants for mild illnesses; we interviewed one of those traditional healers who is very experienced in the field, and possesses rich ethno-pharmacological knowledge.

  18. Art of Wrought Copper in Turkey

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    Nuran KAYABAŞI

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Among the handicraft, art of being a coppersmith has been occurred intensively in the past. The fast developing socio - economic structure diminished the value and the place of the copper vessels. Heavy and beautiful vessels made by beating left their places to thin, light aluminum, pl astic, glass and steel vessels made by machinery. The demand for copper is diminished. Therefore being a coppersmith has become less and less important every day. However, in the last few years, copper vessels becoming a touristic souvenir became a source of hope for the traditional coppersmith art to live on. Copperworking is applied in our country in some regions and there are people who live off it. Souvenirs, daily used vessels, and requirements of the rural areas are produced in centers such as İstanb ul, Ankara, Tokat, Çorum, Erzincan, Diyarbakır, Kahramanmaraş, Gaziantep, Bursa, Kastamonu, Çankırı, Giresun and Trabzon. The situation of being a coppersmith in Turkey is explained, examples are given from souvenir copper items produced in Ankara, and sug gestions are made to keep this craft alive.

  19. Fabric-skin models to assess infection transfer for impetigo contagiosa in a kindergarten scenario.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerhardts, A; Henze, S V; Bockmühl, D; Höfer, D

    2015-06-01

    Children in community bodies like kindergartens are predisposed to suffer from impetigo. To consider important measures for infection prevention, direct and indirect transmission routes of pathogens must be revealed. Therefore, we studied the role of skin and fabrics in the spread of the impetigo pathogen Staphylococcus aureus and the strain Streptococcus equi (surrogate to Streptococcus pyogenes) in order to assess infection transfer in realistic scenarios. The transmission of test strains was studied with standardized fabric-skin models using a technical artificial skin and fabrics of different fiber types commonly occurring in German kindergartens. In synthetic pus, both test strains persisted on artificial skin and fabrics for at least 4 h. Friction enhanced transfer, depending on the fiber type or fabric construction. In a skin-to-skin setup, the total transfer was higher than via fabrics and no decrease in the transmission rates from donor to recipients could be observed after successive direct skin contacts. Children in kindergartens may be at risk of transmission for impetigo pathogens, especially via direct skin contact, but also by the joint use of fabrics, like towels or handicraft materials. Fabric-skin models used in this study enable further insight into the transmission factors for skin infections on the basis of a practical approach.

  20. Turned windrow composting of cow manure as appropriate technology for zero discharge of mulberry pulp wastewater.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jolanun, Banjarata; Kaewkam, Chompoonuch; Bauoon, Orapin; Chiemchaisri, Chart

    2014-08-01

    Turned windrow composting was investigated as appropriate technology for recycling the wastewater (excluding black liquor) from mulberry pulp and paper handicrafts. Two exterior turned windrows (1.5 m width x 1.5 m height x 2.0 m length) with dry leaves/cow manure/sawdust wet weight ratios of 60:40:0 (Pile A) and 55:40:5 (Pile B) were used for the investigation. Changes in the physical and chemical properties of the compost were examined and a phytotoxicity analysis was performed. A soil incubation test and an informal focus group discussion were also conducted. The results revealed that while both piles met the regulatory processing requirements for further reduced pathogens (>or= 55 degrees C for 15 days or longer), the operation without sawdust (Pile A) not only significantly enhanced the thermophilic temperature regime (P 0.05). The germination index of two plant species in both piles varied between 126% and 230% throughout the experiment, and no pronounced differences (P > 0.05) among the samples were found. Addition of the compost significantly improved soil organic matter and pH (7-8), as well as reduced the loss of NO3-N. Local discussion groups were initiated to evaluate the cost-benefits, the potential of wastewater removal, the cooperation of community users and supporters, the compost quality and the potential compost market.

  1. Mėnulio stereotipai lietuvių poezijoje

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    Rūta Kazlauskaitė

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available STEREOTYPES IN PERCEPTION OF THE MOON IN LITHUANIAN POETRYSummaryThe aim of the present article is to analyse and to discuss the linguistic expression and the semantic paradigm of the images of the Moon that have formed in Lithuanian poetry. The fragments of 124 poets’ 389 poems have been analysed.The Moon is perceived as an object that shines at night and changes its shape. These two features motivate the absolute majority of its names. The examples show that the main work of the Moon is to reflect the sunlight to the Earth (“to shine”. The expressive lunar phases most often used in poetry are a full moon and waning crescents. Natural surroundings of the Moon are not emphasized: place above the ground, time of manifestation, separation.The Moon and its light are metaphorically related to living beings, blooming plants, raw materials and handicraft ware, liquids, fire. A living being is firstly a human being, but it is not difficult to discern the signs of deity. Less frequent are zoomorphic, ornithomorphic and ichthyomorphic shapes.Stereotypes of the Moon are conditioned by the similarities of the compared object in brightness, light and/or form, less often in the position above and solitude. The surroundings of the Moon are shown as a closed space above the ground well known to humans. The basis of only few stereotypes is not nature but civilization.

  2. The Empowerment of Orang Asli Women in the Tourism Industry in Lenggong, Perak

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    Yahaya Fatan Hamamah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Women, particularly those of the Orang Asli community, without a doubt play an important role in the family. These duties and roles include organising household affairs, giving birth and raising children, tending to the house, preparing meals for the family and sorting out their children’s school affairs. However, their roles are not limited to duties or daily routines that are done only at home. In fact, women (especially Orang Asli women, are capable of far more activities that can empower them, especially in the Lenggong’s tourism industry. This paper explores Orang Asli women empowerment through tourism industry with anthropological perspective. The empowerment of Orang Asli women can be seen from the aspect of skills that they already have which can be turned into tourism products, as well as to increase their source of income in supplementing their family expenses. Among the skills that can be highlighted are making handicrafts, being tourist guides, promoting traditional cuisine and dances as well as finding and brewing wild plant roots for medicinal purposes. The women of the Orang Asli who originally only served as housewives, can now change their family’s way of life by doing all sorts of activities which can generate new sources of income, by venturing into activities that can be used as attractions and new tourism product markets, especially in Lenggong, Perak.

  3. ENERAPAN E-COMMERCE BERBASIS CMS DAN SEO UNTUK TOKO ON-LINE UMKM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felix Andreas Sutanto

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak. IbM ini bertujuan membuat pruduk software framework aplikasi e-commerce untuk toko on-line UMKM khususnya handicraft, kuliner, batik dan pakaian dengan berbasis sistem manajemen isi (Content Management System/CMS dan optimisasi mesin pencari (Search Engine Optimization/SEO. Produk tersebut nantinya dipergunakan oleh mitra yang merupakan calon wirausaha baru di bidang teknologi informasi (TI. Untuk dapat menerapkan produk tersebut pada usahanya, dan mampu membuat sendiri, mengoperasikan, mengembangkan, dan memelihara maka perlu dilakukan pelatihan dan pendampingan tentang framework aplikasi, manajemen usaha, dan kewirausahaan. Metode yang digunakan dalam IbM ini adalah kaji tindak partisipatif. Pelaksanannya yaitu dengan melakukan identifikasi dan analisis situasi tentang permasalahan yang dihadapi mitra, selanjutnya memberikan solusi berupa pelatihan, pendampingan, dan pembuatan teknologi Software framework E-commerce berbasis CMS dan SEO yang melibatkan mitra serta dilakukan monitoring dan evaluasi agar mitra menjadi terarah, terampil dan profesioanal di bidang tersebut. Target IbM ini adalah terbentuknya wirausaha baru bidang TI khususnya E-commerce bagi UMKM yang terlatih, terapil, dan profesional dalam menjalankan usahanya. Sehinga Luaran dari IbM ini adalah berupa Produk Software Framework E-commerce bagi UMKM berbasis CMS dan SEO, jasa pelatihan Desain web E-commerce, jasa pelatihan manajemen usaha, dan jasa pelatihan kewirausahaan.Kata Kunci : Framework, E-commerce, CMS, SEO, wirausaha, UMKM

  4. Various Determinant Factors of Production Technology Adoption in Creative Souvenir Micro Enterprise

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    Dumasari Dumasari

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the existence of several factors that determine the power of the adoption of production technology on micro souvenirs creative enterprise. The location of the research was determined purposely in Purbalingga Wetan Subdistrict, Purbalingga District, Central Java Province, Indonesia. Research respondents numbered 28 people. The results showed that the various determinants of the adoption of production technology have economic, social and environmental motives. The power of influence of each factor is also distinct. The adoption of different craftsmen resulted in the quality of souvenir products from coconut waste being unequal. Some have a motif design according to market trend. Product price level is feasible. However, some products are only produced semi-finished. The price of this product is relatively lower. The economic feasibility of craftsmen is closely related to the rate of adoption of production technology. There are small number (<25 percent of craftsmen use mechanical technology. The rest is still aided on the traditional manual techniques in processing waste coconut into souvenirs or creative handicraft.

  5. “Not a Vacation, But a Hardening Process”: The Self-Empowerment Work of Therapeutic Craft in Nova Scotia

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    Erin Morton

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This article will examine the development of a state-sponsored therapeutic craft regime in Nova Scotia in the early to mid-twentieth century. Built on the notion that postwar residents needed "work therapy - not a vacation, but a hardening process" (Black n.d. a: 3 - therapeutic craft emerged in Nova Scotia through a complex combination of the individualization of work habits, the desire to construct an antimodern regional identity around handwork, and the notion that both infirm patients and the province as a whole could be healed from economic stagnation through craft. Key to the success of Nova Scotia's therapeutic craft regime was occupational therapist Mary E. Black's career as director of the provincial government's Handicrafts and Home Industries Division from 1943 to 1955. Black's healthcare training led her to seek out therapeutic possibilities in everyday work activities, not to mention a therapeutic solution to what she called "the atti-tude of most Nova Scotians"[:] defeatism" (Black 1949: 46. Her ability to turn seemingly disparate things - such as Scandinavian design, the ordered work of occupational rehabilitation, and a phenomenological focus on what she called “in-dividualistic existence” (Black n.d. b: 2 - into a unified therapeutic solution demonstrates that the contemporary rise of therapeutic culture under the increased individualism of the neoliberal era has an established historical root in the postwar period that remains important to understand.

  6. Mercados campesinos in Bogotá: intangible heritage and farmer’s economy development in Colombia

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    Ilanil Coelho

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to present Mercados Campesinos (MC in Bogotá, as marketing channels for selling fresh vegetables, fruits, typical meals, handicrafts, and others goods that recreate the barter fairs that occurred between indigenous groups located in the central region of Colombia, before colonization. Currently, the MCs [organizational model proposed by the Proceso Mercados Campesinos (PMC], are intercultural spaces of farmers, indigenous people and afro-Colombians, based on the principles of Food Security and Sovereignty, where memories, ancestral knowledge and know-how circulate. We identify and present some of those know-how types that occur at MC. For this purpose, besides written sources (bibliography, legislation, official documents, we resort to interviews based on the Oral History methodology with farmers which have been participating in the MC, analysing how these participants can take ownership of the existing patrimonial policies. We find a process that is applied in Colombia for the cultural manifestation as an Intangible Cultural Heritage, which contains an instrument Called Plan Especial de Salvaguarda (PES that not only could contribute to the development of the participating communities in the MC, but also to implement effective policies aimed towards the country’s Food Security and Sovereignty.

  7. The Economic Policy of Japanese Naval Government in South Sulawesi in the Second World War 1942 -1945

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    Rasyid Asba

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available TheJapanese economic policy in South Sulawesi seemed to have different policies when compared to the other colonies in Indonesia. It was indicated by leadership typology of Japanese Navy which based in Makassar, Bukittinggi, and Java. In South Sulawesi, the policy was more focused on the compliance of logistic materials by strengthening on clothing industry, plantation of cotton and castor oil, and fisheries. The important policy of the army was the agricultural massive production sector to support the war. In addition, the agricultural and industrial sectors were also developed such as salt, castor oil, textile, silk, handicrafts and the like. Those phenomena analyzed by historical method. It used archives such as Japanese occupation reports in Makassar, Romusha archives in Makassar, and Japanese local politic documents in South Sulawesi. The reports on Japanese economic activities in South Sulawesi were also consulted. Information from magazines and newspapers were also taken such as Pemberitaan Makassar, Bintang Timoer, Sinar Baroe, Soeara Asia, Hong Po, and Pemandangan. In addition to, it has complied oral history with direct interviews to the people who are still alive and experienced on the era. The Japanese economic policies in South Sulawesi influenced great changes in new economic structure on the emergence of the diversification of popular-based commodity especially clothing and foodstuff during the war. That was the reason why people in South Sulawesi directed to execute intensification of agriculture in a professional productive manner supported by communal industrial policy.

  8. Las cofradías en el reino de Valencia. Análisis y claves interpretativas

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    Benítez Bolorinos, Manuel

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Between 1329 and 1458 the kingdom of Valencia witnessed a development of an assocaitive movement parallel to other European regions, which gave rise to the appearence of a great number of associations divided in two main groups: religious and trade brotherhoods. Their objectives were to cover a series of spiritual and charity needs, and also to serve as a representation for the traditional handicrafts, looking for a great influence on the urban world by means of a series of symbols, which permited a high grade of social exhibition.



    Entre los años 1329 y 1458, el reino de Valencia asistió al desarrollo de un movimiento asociativo, paralelo a otras regiones europeas, que dio lugar a la aparición de un buen número de corporaciones divididas en dos grandes grupos: cofradías religiosas y cofradías de oficio. Sus objetivos eran cubrir una serie de necesidades espirituales y benéficas, pero también servir de representación a los oficios artesanos, buscando así una mayor influencia en el mundo urbano a través de la ostentación de una serie de símbolos, que permitieron un alto grado de exhibición social.

  9. Creation and Dissemination of Local Knowledge in Small Family Firms: The Case of Wine Canteens from the Quarta Colônia de Imigração Italiana, in Rio Grande do Sul Http://Dx.Doi.Org/10.5585/Riae.V10i2.1735

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alisson Eduardo Maehler

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The article performed a study of multiple cases that involved interviews with owners of three canteens of wine production, located in the region of “Quarta Colônia de Imigração Italiana”, central area of the Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. This research aimed to analyze the influence of location, proximity and social relations in the processes of creation and transfer of local knowledge. It was conducted semi-structured interviews with owners of canteens, which are in the same municipality and in the same location, a few kilometers of each other. Results highlight that the geographical proximity per se is not sufficient for knowledge to be created, transmitted and maintained in a given locality. Particularly in the case of handicraft products such as wine, which involves a large portion of tacit knowledge, the establishment of social relations and family is a necessary condition for knowledge to be created, shared and saved. However, a series of problems have been observed and analyzed in the locality, which makes that knowledge restrained to some families and not maintained over time. As an example, wine production knowledge is essentially tacit and not codified; the indifference of younger generations regarding the knowledge base of the elderly; weak interactions and knowledge sharing among winemakers.

  10. Management of the chonta palm (Iriartea deltoidea Ruiz & Pav. in the Amazon foothills of Colombia, perspectives for sustainable harvesting

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    Jaime Alberto Navarro López

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The wood of the palm Iriartea deltoidea is an excellent material used for building, furniture and handicrafts in the Colombian Amazon, especially in the Amazon foothills where a small industry has developed around this species. We report the management practices, uses and commercial trends of this species in the municipality of Mocoa (Putumayo. We present data on population structure at three contrasting sites. The estimated demand of stems is ca. 750 per year, and the area necessary to supply them is 17-83 ha. Harvesting is carried out in natural forests or in pastures. The management practices are selective logging, sowing of seedlings and sparing of palms in pastures. Taking into account the natural condition of Mocoa, the abundance of the species, its growth rate and the current extraction system, productivity could grow if the followings activities were performed: enrichment of secondary forests, re-population of eroded areas, reduction of deforestation, and establishment of minimal harvest sizes based on height rather than diameter.

  11. Ethnobotany of Bamboo in Sangirese, North Celebes

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    Alin Liana

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Advances in technology have encouraged the growth of a variety of biodiversity processing methods. These conditions encourage efforts to use natural resources more broadly. Ethnobotany can be used to document the local knowledge of the plants and their utilization. This study is aimed to describe the various forms of bamboo utilization by Sangirese. The method used was survey with purposive sampling. The data were analyzed descriptively based on exploration results and interviews with the people. The results showed there were 11 species of bamboo that are directly related to the life of local community in Sangirese, consisting of seven species of Bambusa, three species of Schizostachyum, and each one species of Dendrocalamus and Gigantochloa. Local community use bamboo for a variety of daily necessities; as building materials, handicraft, furniture, ceremonies, musical instruments, transportation, medicine, ornamental plants, as well as food. These exploration results are expected to complement the data of bamboo ethnobotany in Indonesia. Applicatively, this research is expected to be a reference in the national strategy of bamboo germplasm resource conservation.

  12. Potentially hazardous plants of Puerto Rico: preliminary guide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferguson, F F; Medina, F R

    1975-08-01

    General information is presented about the kinds of native and imported plants in Puerto Rico (weeds, grasses, vines, cactuses, shrubs, trees and parts thereof) that should be avoided, or not ingested. Small amounts of eaten wild plant materials are usually not likely to be hazardous although large amounts may be dangerous; the striking exception is mushrooms. While a number of Puerto Rican plants are lethal to cattle, only a few are known to cause death to man as, for example, the fruit of the Deadly Manchineel, Hippomane mancinella and the seed of the Rosary Pea, Abrus precatorius. Tourists especially should avoid tasting any green or yellowish apples growing on a medium-sized tree. The Hippomane fruit resembles the Crabapple of temperate zones. It is now unlawful to use the Rosary Pea in the local handicraft industry. An item of special interest is the delicious fruit of Mamey often offered for sale at roadside, the outer coating of which is poisonous. All of the light brown outer covering, including especially all of the inner whitish tunic, must be carefully removed from the golden yellow fruit before eating, or else illness may result. Relatively few of the plants presented here will produce major physical problems if only contacted or chewed, but ingestion of some plant parts produces severe toxic symptoms.

  13. Neutron activation analysis and provenance study of Tupiguarani Tradition pottery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Faria, Gleikam Lopes de Oliveira; Menezes, Maria Angela de B.C.; Ribeiro, Loredana; Jacome, Camila

    2009-01-01

    Archaeology can fill the gap between ancient population and modern society elucidating the evidences found in archaeological sites. The fingerprint identified, that is the chemical composition of the ceramics, can help understanding this connection between the past and the present. The Tupiguarani Tradition vestiges found by archaeologists will be a way to know about the last two millennia of the Brazilian prehistory. This archaeological site is located along the coast of the Brazilian State of Espirito Santo, where the main evidence is a pretty ceramic with the occurrence of plastic and painted decoration. When the Portuguese settlers arrived in this region, in sixteenth century, several Missoes Jesuiticas (Jesuitical Missions) were built along the Brazilian coast. In spite of living within the Mission and been catechized, the Indians kept on producing traditional handicraft, as the decorated ceramic, however, they introduced European elements to the decoration. During the research expeditions made to the archaeological site of the Tupiguarani Tradition, many sherds were found. The identification and classification of ceramics through a multielemental chemistry analysis will be used to determine if they have the same origin. This paper shows the first elemental concentration results of the sherds collected from archaeological site determined at CDTN/CNEN, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, using the TRIGA Mark I IPR-R1 nuclear reactor, applying the neutron activation technique, k 0 -method. (author)

  14. Uses of Local Plant Biodiversity among the Tribal Communities of Pangi Valley of District Chamba in Cold Desert Himalaya, India

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    Pawan Kumar Rana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pangi Valley is the interior most tribal area in Himachal Pradesh of Northwest Himalaya. An ethnobotanical investigation is attempted to highlight the traditional knowledge of medicinal plants being used by the tribes of Pangi Valley. Various localities visited in the valley 2-3 times in a year and ethnobotanical information was collected through interviews with elderly people, women, shepherds, and local vaids during May 2009 to September 2013. This paper documented 67 plant species from 59 genera and 36 families along with their botanical name, local name, family name, habit, medicinal parts used, and traditional usage, including the use of 35 plants with new ethnomedicinal and other use from the study area for the first time. Wild plants represent an important part of their medicinal, dietary, handicraft, fuel wood, veterinary, and fodder components. These tribal inhabitants and migrants depend on the wild plant resources for food, medicines, fuel, fibre, timber, and household articles for their livelihood security. The present study documents and contributes significant ethnobotanical information from the remote high altitude and difficult region of the world, which remains cut off from rest of the world for 6-7 months due to heavy snowfall.

  15. Exploring the Poverty Reduction Potential of Social Marketing in Tourism Development

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    Dao V. Truong

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Although social marketing has been demonstrated to be an effective tool of behavior change in a variety of contexts, its poverty reduction potential in tourism development has captured limited research attention. This paper explores the potential contribution of social marketing to tourism-related poverty alleviation in Sapa, Vietnam. It does so by creating an understanding of how local residents perceive poverty, then exploring whether social marketing could be a potential solution in the case of Sapa. Through participant observations and semi-structured interviews, this study reveals that local people perceive poverty as a lack of rice and/or income and ascribe it to both internal and external factors. Local women often follow tourists to sell handicrafts, causing discomfort for tourists and driving them away from certain destinations. Insufficient capital and farming land are also identified as a critical barrier to poverty reduction. This study argues that by understanding the poor people’s perspectives on poverty, we can identify meaningful approaches to poverty alleviation. Thereby, social marketing can be one of the tools to bring the marginalized voice of poor people to the attention of decision-makers.

  16. FESTIVALS AS CULTURAL ACTIVITIES – COMBINATIONS OF ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL BENEFITS

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    Diana Sava

    2018-05-01

    Full Text Available In the latest years, academics have talked more and more about the creative economy, as a cause of a different classification and division of the economic activities, including in its area all those activities which are based on the human resource, its talent and intellectual capital. The creativity seems to be a too special feature, having its own ways to flourish and to be exploited, so it has to be treated separately from the sectors of manufacture, industry or services. The Romanian culture is transmitted and exploited in various ways, starting with the commercialisation of handicrafts and ending with the organisation of events with artistic or symbolic expression. We will focus on the performing arts, organized as events for different communities. These events appear as leisure activities and have an important social feature because they have the attribute to develop the sense of identity, belonging to the group and social cohesion. These aspects are crucial for the development of a creative habitat or cultural center. The festivals attract people for different reasons; some of them are looking for an environment where to socialise, others come being interested exactly in enjoying the event or the specific goods and services which are offered there. Another type of the festival consumers is represented by the ones who only look for something new to experiment, exploring the unknown, this segment not representing loyal customers, but whatever the reason are, each participant comes for the emotional stimulation offered by the enjoyment of the festival.

  17. Culture, innovation and periphery: a theoretical sketch and some evidence from different portuguese contexts

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    Eduardo Brito Henriques

    1997-11-01

    Full Text Available The present paper tries to look at the culture-innovation nexus in periphery. Starting with a theoretical discussion on this issue, in which the role of culture in current capitalism is analysed, we raise the question whether the increasing imporance of culture in the present economic context has been creating new opportunities for peripheral regions to innovate, namely by the valorization of tradition.The paper will highlight the results of four case studies from the handicraft pottery sector. These achievements will then be confronted with an exemple of cultural political promotion in an urban area - Lisbon'94, European Cultural Capital, in order to unravel the political logic of cultural and innovation in the periphery. The final section provides a brief conclusion, placing emphasis on the ambivalences which characterise peripherical modernisation processes and their cultural dimension. We argue that the ability of periphery to sustain development strategies based on the valorization of tradition depends primarily upon a successful management of these ambivalences.

  18. SIFAT DASAR DAN POTENSI KEGUNAAN KAYU JABON MERAH

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    Mody Lempang

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This research was carried out to examine basic properties (anatomical structure, chemical, physical and mechanical of jabon merah wood (Anthocephalus macrophyllus (Roxb. Havil taken from natural forest in Luwu Timur District South Sulawesi Province. Potential uses of wood were determined by considering those properties and wood uses which the local inhabitants have currently employed. Results revealed that jabon merah heartwood is yellowish rather tend to red in colour and not clearly distinct from the sapwood, texture is rather fine and even, grain is straight and sometimes rather interlocked, wood surface is rather glossy, rather smooth to smooth in touch, and moderate in hardness. Fiber is remarkably long with very thin wall thickness. High in cellulose and extractive, moderate in lignin and low in pentose content. Moderate in specific gravity (0.48, very low in shrinkage and classified in wood strength class III. Potential uses are for light construction material under roof, cheap furniture, handicraft, measuring and drawing instruments, pencil, box and stick of matches, toothpick, spoon and handles of ice cream, moulding, wood composites, pulp and paper, pallet, packing box and concrete forms.Keywords: Anatomical, chemical, mechanical, uses of wood, jabon merah

  19. Traditional usages of ichthyotoxic plant Barringtonia asiatica (L. Kurz. by the Nicobari tribes

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    T. Ravikumar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Barringtonia asiatica is a medium size tree commonly found in Car Nicobar Island known for its ichthyotoxic property. It grows on sandy and rocky shore areas and has lantern shaped seeds, locally called Kinyav used during the calm season in shallow and low tide waters for killing fishes, octopus, etc. At every successful operation they harvest about 1–3 kg and on the whole about 10–20 kg of fishes per trip. This method of fish catching was popular among the Car Nicobari tribes until massive tsunami of 26th December, 2004, which caused dislocation of tribes from their erstwhile coastal inhabitations to interior areas, damage of coral reefs, permanent water intrusion in the intertidal area and destruction of Kinyav trees. Hence, now-a-days the popularity of this fishing method among them has diminished. The study not only reveals the usefulness of seeds in harvesting of fishes but also the utilization of other parts of tree such as leaves for therapeutic purpose in fracture, wound, de-worming, pain relieving of human beings; log for construction of canoe, wooden houses, sitting stage, handicraft items, fire wood and whole tree for preventing the coastal erosion.

  20. Review on the Traditional Uses and Potential of Totora (Schoenoplectus Californicus) as Construction Material

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hidalgo-Cordero, Juan Fernando; García-Navarro, Justo

    2017-10-01

    The recent advances in the wood construction field have demonstrated the feasibility and advantages of using wood-based materials in tall buildings structures and other constructive uses, which could lead to a net reduction in CO2eq emissions of the construction sector by replacing high-energy consuming materials like concrete or steel, with wood and biomass-based materials. Among these biomass-based materials are the Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFP)which are plantsthat canprovide important contributionsto the construction sector and help to reduce the net CO2eq emissions of the building industry. One of these plants is the totora (Schoenoplectus Californicus) that has been long used by several communities for making handicrafts and as construction material. Recent studies on this plant have analyzed its properties and its feasibility to be used for producing materials of interest to the contemporary building industry. The totora is a bulrush that grows in lakes and marshes in America from California to Chile and some of the Pacific islands. It grows from the sea level to 4500maasl, it can grow in fresh water and estuaries, and it is resistant to water level changes and drought. This bulrush has been used by many cultures as medicine, food, forage, material for building houses, boats and different handicrafts. The most important examples of the use of totora in the world are the floating islands of the Uros in Lake Titicaca. The Uros people have developed traditional techniques for building their homes, boats, and even the artificial islands where they live on with methods based almost exclusively on the totora. This way of living and production system has been maintained for more than 500 years. This review is about the main constructive techniques that have been used for traditional construction in totora and some of therecent researches that have been made on this subject. Experiments in architecture and industrial design objects made with totora have shown its

  1. PENILAIAN TEKNOLOGI UNTUK MENENTUKAN POSISI INDUSTRI PESAING

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    Wahyu Susihono

    2013-02-01

    Corporation is one of handicraft companies supplied by five small industry of its trainee. Since the company will be privet in a short time, the head office manager wanted one of small industries take over its management. Therefore the company needs to determine one of small industry which is the best. The management intends to make an assessment of technology to five small industries of its trainee internally and externally as the basic of decision making. This research will be held by making an assessment to all of handicraft suppliers by using technometric model approach. In this approach assessment conducted by determining degree of technology component sophistication, valuing state-of-the-art, determining contribution of technology component, making the map of relation between the components, and valuing intensity of contribution components. The questioners spreading to five small industries analyzed by pairwise comparison Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP then concluded by the calculation of TCC (Technology Contribution Coefficient. The company made internal assessment by using DEA (data envelopment analysis model then compare the result of TCC white DEA quantitatively. TCC result showed that the values of the industry in a row are Maharani by 52.23%, Bestari by 52.23%, Priyo by 41.51%, Rizky 32.66%, and Teguh by 31.93%. The greatest contribution for Maharani came from organware while the rest companies came from humanware. In the future, all of small industries expected to develop technology known by technoware. The Result of internal assessment of Sumiati Export International Corporation by DEA model showed that Maharani in the first position and Rizky in the last position. Technometric model with combination of pairwise comparison AHP aids big companies to make technology assessment to small industries. Keywords: assessment of technology, technometric model, pairwise comparison AHP, DEA

  2. A multicenter, randomized controlled trial of individualized occupational therapy for patients with schizophrenia in Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohori, Manami; Inagaki, Yusuke; Shimooka, Yuko; Sugimura, Naoya; Ishihara, Ikuyo; Yoshida, Tomotaka

    2018-01-01

    The individualized occupational therapy (IOT) program is a psychosocial program that we developed to facilitate proactive participation in treatment and improve cognitive functioning and other outcomes for inpatients with acute schizophrenia. The program consists of motivational interviewing, self-monitoring, individualized visits, handicraft activities, individualized psychoeducation, and discharge planning. This multicenter, open-labeled, blinded-endpoint, randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of adding IOT to a group OT (GOT) program as usual for outcomes in recently hospitalized patients with schizophrenia in Japanese psychiatric hospitals setting compared with GOT alone. Patients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to the GOT+IOT group or the GOT alone group. Among 136 randomized patients, 129 were included in the intent-to-treat population: 66 in the GOT+IOT and 63 in the GOT alone groups. Outcomes were administered at baseline and discharge or 3 months following hospitalization including the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia Japanese version (BACS-J), the Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale Japanese version, the Social Functioning Scale Japanese version, the Global Assessment of Functioning scale, the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory Japanese version (IMI-J), the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 (MMAS-8), the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and the Japanese version of Client Satisfaction Questionnaire-8 (CSQ-8J). Results of linear mixed effects models indicated that the IOT+GOT showed significant improvements in verbal memory (p IOT demonstrated significant improvements on the CSQ-8J compared with the GOT alone (p IOT program and its effectiveness for improving cognitive impairment and other outcomes in patients with schizophrenia. PMID:29621261

  3. Impression of"Tiangong Kaiwu-Qu'nie"%《天工开物·曲糵》读后感

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    傅金泉

    2015-01-01

    "Tiangong Kaiwu", written by SONG Yingxing in Ming Dynasty, is the first comprehensive book about agriculture and handicraft production in the world. It is one of the greatest science&technology books in Chinese history, featuring excellent text and pictures, practical-ness, and high practicability. The technologies in ancient China were summarized and arranged systematically in this book. The book is recog-nized as a world-famous science&technology book and it has been translated into Japanese, German, English, French, etc. Foreign scholars be-lieved it to be the encyclopedia on technology in 17th century in China. In this paper, the author briefly introduced this book. (Trans. by YUE Yang)%明代宋应星撰写的《天工开物》是世界上第一部关于农业和手工业生产的综合性著作,是中国历史上伟大的科学技术著作,其特点是图文并茂、注重实际、重视实践.它对中国古代各项技术进行了系统整理总结,构成了一套完整的科学技术体系,被公认为是一部世界科学技术名著,并被译成日、德、美、英、法等多种文字,被外国学者称为"中国十七世纪的工艺百科全书",受到国际上的高度评价而闻名中外.本文即是对此书进行了简介.

  4. Review: Sumber dan Pemanfaatan Zat Warna Alam untuk Keperluan Industri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titiek Pujilestari

    2016-06-01

    , pharmaceutical, cosmetics, handicrafts and leather tanning. Increased concern for health and the environment to make natural dyes for coloring the main alternative to synthetic dyes, in addition to products with natural dyes have a good market. Keywords: natural dyes, source, chemical compounds, usability

  5. Model Keterkaitan Market Orientation, Leadership, Organizational Innovation dan Organizational Performance pada Industri Kerajinan di Sumatera Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RATNI PRIMA LITA

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to analyze the influence of market orientation, leadership, organizational innovation and organizational performance in handycraft industry in Bukittinggi City, Pariaman City, Padang Pariaman Regency, and Pesisir Selatan Regency. This research uses quantitative methods, while the sampling technique using Purposive sampling with sample size of 86 craft companies. The criteria assigned to the respondent is the handycraft business that produce and market their own product. In this study, data were collected through the questionnaire of the owner of the handycraft industry. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM method with SmartPLS software. This research uses multidimensional constructions first order reflective and second order formative. Based on the data analyzed it can be concluded that leadership has a significant positive effect on business performance. This is evidenced by the two dimensions of leadership (Transactional leadership and transformational leadership is able to explain the performance of the organization well. In addition, market orientation  have 3 dimensional (Customer orientation, resource orientation, and competitor orientation is also able to give influence to organizational performance and organizational innovation. However, organizational innovation is not able to give a significant influence for the performance improvement of handycraft industry. It can be concluded that organizational performance in handycraft industry is influenced by market orientation conducted on consumers and competitors. And also the most important factor is how the attitude of leadership owned by the owner of handicraft industry in managing and running the business, in order to craft products in accordance with customer tastes.

  6. Industrial pollution load assessment in Phnom Penh, Cambodia using an industrial pollution projection system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    San, Vibol; Spoann, Vin; Schmidt, Johannes

    2018-02-15

    Approximately 56% out of the total 1302 Cambodian firms are operated in the Capital city of Cambodia. The necessary information on industrial pollution to set strategies, priorities and action plans on environmental protection issues is absent in Cambodia. In the absence of this data, effective environmental protection cannot be implemented. The objective of this study is to estimate industrial pollution load by employing the Industrial Pollution Projection System, a rapid environmental management tool for assessment of pollution load, to produce a scientific rational basis for preparing future policy direction to reduce industrial pollution in Phnom Penh city. Factory data between 1994 and 2014 obtained from the Ministry of Industry and Handicraft of Cambodia were used in our study. Due to the high number of employees, the total environmental load generated in Phnom Penh city was estimated to be 476,981Mg in 2014. Phnom Penh city generated 189,109Mg of VOC, 165,411Mg of toxic chemicals to air, 38,523Mg of toxic chemicals to land, and 28,968Mg of SO 2 in 2014. The results of the estimation show that the Textiles and Apparel sector was the highest generators of toxic chemicals into land and air, and toxic metals into land, air and water, while the Basic Metal sector was the greatest contributor of toxic chemicals to water. The Textiles and Apparel sector alone emitted 436,016Mg of total pollution load. The results indicate that the Dangkao and Meanchey districts were the greatest emitters of all pollutants in Phnom Penh. The results suggest that reduction in industrial pollution could be achieved by focusing on the most polluting sectors and areas. Adopting waste minimization strategies, which include cleaner production processes, will not only reduce the cost of controlling pollution, it will also make manufacturing more efficient thereby increasing profits while reducing pollution load in the long run. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Relationship between ancient bridges and population dynamics in the lower Yangtze River Basin, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yang; Jia, Xin; Lee, Harry F; Zhao, Hongqiang; Cai, Shuliang; Huang, Xianjin

    2017-01-01

    It has been suggested that population growth dynamics may be revealed by the geographic distribution and the physical structure of ancient bridges. Yet, this relationship has not been empirically verified. In this study, we applied the archaeological records for ancient bridges to reveal the population growth dynamics in the lower Yangtze River Basin in late imperial China. We investigated 89 ancient bridges in Yixing that were built during the Ming and Qing dynasties (AD1368-1911). Global Position System information and structure (length, width, and span) of those bridges was measured during our field investigations. Their distribution density was calculated by ArcGIS. The historical socio-economic dynamics of Yixing was inferred from the distribution and structure of ancient bridges. Based on the above information, the population growth dynamics in Yixing was projected. Our results show that 77 bridges were built in Yixing during the Qing dynasty, which is 6.41 times more than the number built during the Ming dynasty. In the Ming dynasty, bridges were built on pivotal routes; in the Qing dynasty, bridges were scattered across various places. Over the period, the density distribution of bridges shifted northwestward, while the average length and width of bridges decreased. The increasing number of bridges corresponded to population growth, largely attributable to massive clan migration from northern China during the Little Ice Age. The shift in the density distribution of bridges corresponded to the formation of settlements of large clans and the blossoming of Yixing Teapot handicrafts. The scattering and the reduction in average length and width of bridges was due to the dispersal of population and the associated formation of small settlements in the latter period. Our approach is innovative and robust, and could be employed to recover long-term historical population growth dynamics in other parts of China.

  8. Multiple faces of contemporary hand knitting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavko-Čuden, A.

    2017-10-01

    Knitting and crocheting are traditional textile techniques with great significance both in history and modern times. Similar to other textile techniques, knitting has developed into a diversified industrial sector, comprising the production of knitted fabrics, knitwear, hosiery and fashion accessories. At the same time, contemporary knitting and crocheting became hobbies as well as arts-and-crafts activities, extending to various areas of work and leisure. Historical and traditional ethnic knitting and crocheting patterns keep inspiring designers’ collections and also other industrial products. Not so long ago, knitting was seen as an ordinary and unchanging indoor activity and, in its domestic history, it was the preserve of older women making products of dainty work and taste. Today, knitting deals with urban population of all classes. The popularity of leisure hand knitting is increasing; moreover, hand knitting is becoming more and more widespread among young people. With the emergence of artistic and handicraft markets, hand-knitting and crocheting developed into a profitable market activity. Positive effects of hand knitting have become increasingly important - from generating creativity and innovativeness, through knitting and socializing in groups, to medical and therapeutic effects as well as social and global connections. Yarn bombing, yarn storming or graffiti knitting has been used to describe urban social practices of knitted objects placed, or tagged, in public spaces. Knitting became means of communication, artistic and social expression and statement. The advantage of hand knitting is its mobility. One can knit almost everywhere, and for hand knitting, only a ball of yarn and knitting needles are required. Handknitted products have nice touch, they are custom-made and therefore personalized.

  9. Occupational Dermatoses among Cottage Industry Workers of Kashmir Valley in North India.

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    Akhtar, Saniya; Hassan, Iffat; Rasool, Farhan; Bhat, Yasmeen J; Sheikh, Gousia

    2017-01-01

    Cottage industry is usually a small-scale industry operated from home by family members using their own equipment. Kashmir has a unique cottage industry of its own which deals with production of many handicrafts, which may lead to a peculiar pattern of skin diseases in these artisans. Aim: The aim of this study was to find out the pattern of skin disorders in the cottage industry workers of Kashmir valley, with primary focus on the occupation-related dermatoses and to identify the most common cutaneous manifestation in these workers. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study in which 1062 cottage industry workers engaged in different crafts were screened. A detailed history taking and examination was carried out in each worker and the diagnosis was made on clinical grounds. Wherever deemed necessary, relevant investigations were done to establish the nature of the disease. A total of 1062 workers were evaluated for the presence of skin disorders. The male-to-female ratio was 1:1.5. The mean age of the study group was 30.3 years ± 10.79 years, with maximum number of workers (164) belonging to the crewel embroidery industry. The mean duration of work was 6.4 ± 2.08 hours/day. A total of 953 workers (89.7%) had cutaneous manifestations, with callosities being the most common finding seen in 371 workers (35%), followed by cumulative insult dermatitis seen in 201 workers (19%). Cottage industry of Kashmir valley is a unique occupational group where a high percentage of workers had cutaneous manifestations related to their occupation, with callosities being the most common finding. Information and better knowledge regarding these dermatoses are important in devising strategies to improve the health scenario of these workers. Simple measures such as proper use of instruments, use of protective gloves, guarded use of chemicals, and hand washing may be very beneficial in reducing the burden of health problems in these workers.

  10. The Role of Context in Third Graders’ Learning of Area Measurement

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    Denny Haris

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Many researches showed that the most of students find the difficulty in measuring area. The formula of area tends to be taught directly without involving the conceptual basis and the area measurement are separated from children’s daily experiences. For this reason, the teaching and learning of area measurement was designed and link to a set of students’  experience-based activities. The context of this research is Indonesian traditional handicraft namely anyaman. The study is situated in the context of implementing an Indonesian version of Realistic Mathematics Education, labeled as PMRI in Indonesia. Design Research methodology comprising preliminary design, teaching experiment, and retrospective analysis is  applied. This research described  the investigation of the context as preliminary of teaching and learning about area measurement held in  3th grade of primary school  SDN 119 Palembang. The result of the teaching experiment showed that problem embedded in a context could encourage the students to develop the idea of area measurement concept. The strategies through emergent modeling showed how students’ contribution could be used to develop gradually their reasoning of area measurement concept. In the experience-based activities for learning area measurement, emergent modeling played an important role in the shift of students’ reasoning from informal level towards formal mathematical concepts of area measurement.Keywords: Area measurement, Anyaman, design research, PMRI DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22342/jme.2.1.778.55-66

  11. Climate Change and its Impacts on Tourism and Livelihood in Manaslu Conservation Area, Nepal

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    K C, A.

    2017-12-01

    The Hindukush Himalayan region including Nepal, a country reliant on tourism, is particularly sensitive to climate change. It had impact on different sectors of the environment including tourism and livelihood. There are very few researches focused on tourism, livelihood and climate change in Nepal. The present research assesses the impact of climate change on tourism and livelihood in the Manaslu Conservation Area (MCA) of Nepal. In this study, the empirical data collected at the field was complemented by secondary data on climate and tourism. For primary data collection, seventy-six households were interviewed followed by three focus group discussions and five key informant interviews. Correlation, regression and graphical analysis was carried out for the presentation of data. Local people perceived that temperature and rainfall have been increasing in the study site as a result of climate change. Change in usual pattern of temperature and rainfall had affected tourism sector. Socioeconomic variables such as marital status, size of household, education and landholding status had positive effect on tourism participation while livestock-holding status and occupation of the household had negative effect on tourism participation. Number of visitors is increasing in MCA in recent years, and tourism participation is helping local people to earn more money and improve their living standard. In response to gradually warming temperature and decreasing snowfall, there seems an urgent need for tourism promotional activities in the study area. Also awareness and education related to tourism, gender empowerment of women, advertisement and publicity on tourism promotion, adequate subsidy and training on ecotourism and skill development trainings on handicraft are recommended.

  12. Avaliação da atividade antifúngica de extratos de gengibre e eucalipto in vitro e em fibras de bananeira infectadas com Helminthosporium sp = Evaluation of antifungal activity in vitro of ginger and eucalypt extracts on banana fibers infected with Helminthosporium sp

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    Edvirgem Rodrigues

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar a fungitoxicidade dos extratos brutos aquosos (EBA de gengibre (Zingiber officinalis e eucalipto (Corymbia citriodora sobre o fungo Helminthosporium sp. Este patógeno foi identificado nas fibras do pseudocaule da bananeira, as quais são utilizadas na fabricação de artesanato local. Foram avaliados o crescimento micelial e esporulação do fungo in vitro, além do crescimento da colônia fúngica nas fibras tratadas com os extratos das plantas. As fibras receberam os seguintes tratamentos:preventivo (P, curativo (C e T0, sendo que neste último, a inoculação e o tratamento com os EBAs foram realizados simultaneamente. Os resultados in vitro mostraram que, dos extratostestados, eucalipto foi mais eficiente na redução do crescimento micelial e produção de esporos do fungo. Com relação ao tratamento in vivo, verificou se que apenas as fibras tratadas preventivamente com o EBA de eucalipto não foram afetadas por Helminthosporium sp.The present work aimed to evaluate the fungitoxicity of ginger (Zingiber officinalis and eucalypt’s (Corymbia citriodora aqueouscrude extracts (ACE concerning the Helminthosporium sp fungus. This pathogen was identified in the fibers of banana pseudostem, used in local handicraft production. The fungus mycelial growth and sporulation were evaluated in vitro, as well as the growth of funguscolony on banana fibers treated with these plant extracts. The fibers received the following treatments: preventative, curative and T0 (the inoculation process and the treatments with the ACEs were used at the same time. The in vitro results showed that the eucalypt crude extract was the most efficient in mycelial growth and in reduction of spores production. As for the in vivo treatment, it was observed that fibers, preventatively treated with eucalypt ACE, were not affected by Helminthosporium sp.

  13. Relationship between ancient bridges and population dynamics in the lower Yangtze River Basin, China.

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    Yang Zhao

    Full Text Available It has been suggested that population growth dynamics may be revealed by the geographic distribution and the physical structure of ancient bridges. Yet, this relationship has not been empirically verified. In this study, we applied the archaeological records for ancient bridges to reveal the population growth dynamics in the lower Yangtze River Basin in late imperial China. We investigated 89 ancient bridges in Yixing that were built during the Ming and Qing dynasties (AD1368-1911. Global Position System information and structure (length, width, and span of those bridges was measured during our field investigations. Their distribution density was calculated by ArcGIS. The historical socio-economic dynamics of Yixing was inferred from the distribution and structure of ancient bridges. Based on the above information, the population growth dynamics in Yixing was projected. Our results show that 77 bridges were built in Yixing during the Qing dynasty, which is 6.41 times more than the number built during the Ming dynasty. In the Ming dynasty, bridges were built on pivotal routes; in the Qing dynasty, bridges were scattered across various places. Over the period, the density distribution of bridges shifted northwestward, while the average length and width of bridges decreased. The increasing number of bridges corresponded to population growth, largely attributable to massive clan migration from northern China during the Little Ice Age. The shift in the density distribution of bridges corresponded to the formation of settlements of large clans and the blossoming of Yixing Teapot handicrafts. The scattering and the reduction in average length and width of bridges was due to the dispersal of population and the associated formation of small settlements in the latter period. Our approach is innovative and robust, and could be employed to recover long-term historical population growth dynamics in other parts of China.

  14. The Bending Strength, Internal Bonding and Thickness Swelling of a Five Layer Sandwiched Bamboo Particleboard

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    Jamaludin, M. A.; Bahari, S. A.; Nordin, K.; Soh, T. F. T.

    2010-03-01

    The demand for wood based material is increasing but the supply is decreasing. Therefore the price of these raw materials has increased. Bamboo provides an economically feasible alternative raw material for the wood based industry. Its properties are comparable to wood. It is also compatible with the existing processing technology. Bamboo is in abundance, easy to propagate and of short maturation period. Bamboo provides a cheaper alternative resource for the wood based industry. The development of new structural components from bamboo will widen its area of application from handicrafts to furniture and building components. In this study, five layer sandwiched bamboo particleboard were manufactured. The sandwiched Bamboo PB consists of a bamboo PB core, oil palm middle veneers and thin meranti surface veneers. The physical and mechanical properties of the bamboo sandwiched particleboards were tested in accordance to the BS-EN 317:1993 [1] and BS-EN 310:1993 [2], respectively. All the samples passed the standards. The modulus of elasticity was about 352% higher than the value specified in the BS standard, BS-EN 312-4:1996 [3]. The Internal bonding was about 23% higher than the general requirements specified in the standard. On the other hand, the thickness swelling was about 6% lower than the standard. No glue line failure was observed in the strength tests. Critical failures in the IB tests were observed in the particleboards. Tension failures were observed in the surface veneers in the bending tests. The five layer sandwiched bamboo particleboard can be used for light weight construction such as furniture, and wall and door panels in buildings.

  15. Women's groups and individual entrepreneurs: a Ugandan case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickering, H; Kajura, E; Katongole, G; Whitworth, J

    1996-10-01

    This study is based on interviews conducted among 8 women's income-generating groups and 12 individual women entrepreneurs in 15 villages in Masaka district, Uganda. The Baganda are the main tribe in the study villages. The study evaluates the economic achievement, objectives, and social characteristics of the groups. Groups ranged in size from 9-20 members. All had functioned for 3-5 years. A regular membership fee was paid through the sale of agricultural produce. Groups met at least every 2 weeks. This study revealed that the individual goals were to increase individual wealth, while the stated group goals were to invest in the community. Members considered the groups as useful in providing an easy way to raise capital. Most members considered financial status as a criterion for group membership. Elderly women tended to join social and handicraft groups. The women's group members tended to be friends before the establishment of the group and tended to be currently married to men residing in the area. Of the 12 women entrepreneurs, only 5 were currently married. All 12 women entrepreneurs had considerable initiative. The 12 women and the women's group members derived income from two or more sources: agricultural projects, animal husbandry, craft production, alcohol production and sale, or other activities. Study findings indicate that decisions were often delayed or avoided in order to preserve social cohesion. In a market-oriented enterprise, quick response time is needed and the bureaucratic dynamics would hinder some agricultural ventures. The poorest women experienced barriers to group membership. Women entrepreneurs were more successful than group women.

  16. Heritage building as a Concept and as a part of Technology Education Conceptions of, structuredness of conceptions of, and conceptual change in students in teacher training during a study module on heritage building

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    Jani Kaasinen

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available As a concept, heritage building is young and previously undefined in Finnish scientific literature. Earlier studies about the very notions of heritage building are also nonexistent in Finland. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the conceptions of students in teacher training about heritage building before and after a study module on heritage building, which constitutes a part of their subject studies in didactics of crafts. The lack of previous studies about conceptions of heritage building in Finland led to the selection of these conceptions as a research target. The study uses two different approaches for achieving its purpose. In order to find answers to the research problem, the students' common conceptions about heritage building were examined first. Secondly, it was considered how structured these conceptions were. Therefore, the research process included a conceptual review of heritage building to provide a baseline for comparing the student's conceptions and their structuredness.The research results indicate that even though students in didactics of handicrafts have conceptions about heritage building that are parallel with the definition formulated for the purposes of the study, they are superficial on average. The review of structuredness of conceptions supported the results achieved in the phenomenographical analysis of conceptions. It was observed that completing the study module had an impact on the structuredness of conceptions. Furthermore, the students' personal background was found to have some implications on how structured their conceptions of heritage building were, which was evidenced by notable differences in structuredness of conceptions on an individual level. This article is based on the writer’s doctoral dissertation.Keywords: Heritage building, conceptions, conceptual change, level of structuredness, phenomenography, technology education

  17. The effect of nanotechnology on education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viriyavejakul, Chantana

    2008-04-01

    products of nanotechnology, such as 1) handicrafts, decorations, and gifts, 2) agricultural products and food, 3) beverages, such as alcoholic and non- alcoholic drinks, and 5) textiles.

  18. Factor analysis of the contextual fine motor questionnaire in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Chin-Kai; Meng, Ling-Fu; Yu, Ya-Wen; Chen, Che-Kuo; Li, Kuan-Hua

    2014-02-01

    Most studies treat fine motor as one subscale in a developmental test, hence, further factor analysis of fine motor has not been conducted. In fact, fine motor has been treated as a multi-dimensional domain from both clinical and theoretical perspectives, and therefore to know its factors would be valuable. The aim of this study is to analyze the internal consistency and factor validity of the Contextual Fine Motor Questionnaire (CFMQ). Based on the ecological observation and literature, the Contextual Fine Motor Questionnaire (CFMQ) was developed and includes 5 subscales: Pen Control, Tool Use During Handicraft Activities, the Use of Dining Utensils, Connecting and Separating during Dressing and Undressing, and Opening Containers. The main purpose of this study is to establish the factorial validity of the CFMQ through conducting this factor analysis study. Among 1208 questionnaires, 904 were successfully completed. Data from the children's CFMQ submitted by primary care providers was analyzed, including 485 females (53.6%) and 419 males (46.4%) from grades 1 to 5, ranging in age from 82 to 167 months (M=113.9, SD=16.3). Cronbach's alpha was used to measure internal consistency and explorative factor analysis was applied to test the five factor structures within the CFMQ. Results showed that Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the CFMQ for 5 subscales ranged from .77 to .92 and all item-total correlations with corresponding subscales were larger than .4 except one item. The factor loading of almost all items classified to their factor was larger than .5 except 3 items. There were five factors, explaining a total of 62.59% variance for the CFMQ. In conclusion, the remaining 24 items in the 5 subscales of the CFMQ had appropriate internal consistency, test-retest reliability and construct validity. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Cultural perceptions and the productive roles of rural Pakistani women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibraz, T S

    1992-01-01

    The roles of rural Pakistani women in agricultural production are described with numerous examples from a village study by Anwar and Bilquees, and the author's research in a Punjabi village (Rajpur) to show cultural perceptions of women and their work, and the nature of productive activities inside the house and outside on the farm. The cultural perceptions are related to the image of women as dependent/private wives and mothers. A broad definition of production is used to include activities, such as churning milk which generates income and saves expenditures and making butter which fulfills household needs and is sold in the market for cash. Rajpur is a village engaged in social change. Men seek work outside the villages, and women take on work previously assumed by men. Women contribute considerably to the year-round production and processing of major crops. The productive labor of women by major crop type and activity type are described and charted. Tending livestock is performed exclusively by men. Handicraft activity at home reduces expenditure for buying these items in the local markets. Most women were unaware of the savings and "indirect" income their work contributed to the household. Work for wages is viewed as men's work. Women's mobility beyond the fields and home is still limited; market activity must be conducted with a male present and women do not earn cash. The division of labor is conceived by men for women because of women's cultural identity. Women are perceived as "chase daughters/sisters, fertile wives, and nurturing mothers." There are punishments or social rewards for proper behavior. Women in their private domain are expected to "look good within the house," which is viewed as a feminine world. The outside world is masculine. Women are also seen as lacking reasoning ability and their motherhood roles limit their capability to cope with external affairs. There is great value attached to the invisibility of women physically, socially, and

  20. Actual Problems of Kazakh History. Review of the Book by K.A. Pishchulina “Essays on the History of the Kazakh Khanate”

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    A.A. Galiyev

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available A collection of articles written by a well-known orientalist-historian K.A. Pishchulina and published in 2016 includes papers of different years, written on the basis of Persian and Turkic sources reflecting the most pressing issues related to Kazakh khanate. The publishing of this work immediately became a major event in historical scholarship of Kazakhstan. During the Soviet period, the history of this state, as well as of other states created by nomadic peoples, remained poorly understood. Many questions were debatable, since Marxism-Leninism, which was in forefront of science, could not adapt the formational class theory for a nomadic society and nomadic mode of production etc. However, some researchers, including K.A. Pishchulina, were already thinking about these issues. Particularly she studied the role of Turkestan cities as part of Kazakh khanate. According to her main findings, these cities performed a variety of functions being centers of handicraft production, agriculture and trade. As for Turkestan city itself, it was capital and spiritual center of the state, and the management of settled-agricultural population was carried out by various officials. Furthermore, the collection of Pishchulina’s papers discusses management system of nomadic population, tax system of the Khanate. The author comes to a justified conclusion that monetary system needs to be studied further. Next major issue relates to mythologization of Turkic peoples’ history. The books written by amateurs assert that the Golden Horde was a part of Khanate, and Chinggis Khan was a Kazakh. Therefore, several Pishchulina’s articles were published in order to expose these myths. Thus, in this collection the reader would find answers to a variety of questions related to the history of Kazakhstan and adjacent territories and its impact in modern times.

  1. Ethnic differences in use values and use patterns of Parkia biglobosa in Northern Benin

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    Koura Kourouma

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background African locust bean tree (Parkia biglobosa is a multipurpose species used widely in arid Africa by local communities. The present study focused on ethnic differences in use values and use patterns of P. biglobosa in Northern Benin, where the species widely grows. The use values according to the various ethnic groups in the study area have been evaluated in detail for P. biglobosa. Methods From 13 ethnic groups, 1587 people were interviewed in the study area using semi-structured questionnaires. Principal Component Analysis was applied to analyze the use value and the use patterns of P. biglobosa for the different ethnic groups. Results All interviewees in the study area knew at least one use of P. biglobosa. The various uses identified were medicinal (47%, handicraft and domestic (3%, medico-magic (1%, veterinary (1%, cultural (1%, food (25% and commercial (22%. The various parts involved in these types of uses were: fruits [shell (2%, pulp (22% and seeds (36%], bark (17%, leaves (9%, roots (3%, flowers (1% and branches (10%. The ethnic group consensus values for P. biglobosa parts showed that the seeds are used the most. The interviewees diversity value (ID and equitability value (IE indicated that knowledge concerning P. biglobosa use was distributed homogeneously among the ethnic groups. Conclusions P. biglobosa is well-known and used in different ways by the local populations in the study area. Local knowledge on the species is diversified and influenced by ethnic group. Ethnic differences in use values and use patterns of the species were evident in this study.

  2. PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT KEPULAUAN TALANGO KABUPATEN SUMENEP MELALUI USAHA PERCETAKAN DAN SABLON DIGITAL PRINTING

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    Budi Dwi Satoto

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The role of youth in development is very important because it is considered to be in the productive age to support various development activities in various sectors. Most youth can be absorbed in the labor market, and partly eliminated from the competition and become a static group. Not a few who engage in the business world ranging from the small to large, one form of business that is highly demanded by the youth is the Small and Medium Enterprises and Silk Screen Printing. However, the form of efforts among youth most still use manual design and printing due to lack of capital and expertise. With this activity, try to solve them with IBM is working with partners Silk Screen Printing Industry centers in villages Talango, Talango islands, Sumenep, Disperindag and local cooperative activities such as application of digital printing techniques, the design theme oflocal wisdom Madura images with coloror multi color mono color and entrepreneurship training and business management. IBM activity was done in the form of training, coaching and mentoring the youth group field of screen printing and printing for souvenirs and handicrafts which aims to: 1 increase the motivation of entrepreneurial partners; 2 improve the understanding of partner business planning and business management; 3 improve human resource capabilities in the production and marketing techniques; 4 develop a network to support youth entrepreneurship development of the creative economy. Youth empowerment group is expected to produce a model that can be used as a model youth entrepreneurial development youth empowerment-based society.Keywords: training, coaching, mentoring, printingandscreen printing, digital printing

  3. Development Planning of Tourist Village Using Participatory Mapping (Case study: Mambal Village, Badung Regency, Indonesia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arida, I. N. S.; Wiguna, P. P. K.; Narka, I. W.; Febrianti, N. K. O.

    2017-12-01

    Tourism sector is the highest source of income in Badung Regency so it is interesting to see the development of tourist village as one of the alternative tourist destinations in Badung Regency. Most of the village areas in Badung Regency do not have policies, vision and mission as an effort to develop the village into a tourist village. As a result the role of tourist village does not grow in terms of economic and social community. The purpose of this research is to determine and to map the tourism development plan using participatory mapping. The methodology used in this research is field surveys and interviews for data collection and participatory mapping to map the development plan to support tourism. Mambal village is located in Sub-district of Abiansemal, Badung Regency, Indonesia. Mambal village has the potential to become a tourism village because it is supported by the uniqueness of nature and tradition. Mambal village passed by Ayung river, where along the river there are beautiful cliffs which potential to develop as adventure tourism. There is also Senaung Pengibul Cave with a length of more than 15 meters and is wide enough to pass. Mambal village also has a spiritual tour of Pura Demung and Pancoran Pitu, which has a magical story. Currently farmers in Mambal Village are focusing on developing organic farming, of which 38% of the rice fields present in Mambal are pure organic that produces organic rice. Around the rice field area is also created a jogging track for visitors while enjoying the natural beauty of rice fields. Farmers also cultivate oyster mushrooms. In addition, Mambal Village Community also produces handicraft products that are woven in the form of symmetrical Endek (traditional fabrics) and processed products from used goods such as bags, wallets, pencil boxes and others.

  4. [Prevalence of upper limb work-related musculoskeletal disorders (UL-WMSDs) in workers of the upholstered furniture industry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicoletti, S; Carino, M; Di Leone, G; Trani, G; Carella, F; Rubino, G; Leone, E; Popolizio, R; Colafiglio, S; Ambrosi, L

    2008-01-01

    The upholstered furniture industry, the so-called "triangle of the sofa industry", is a geographic area of national and strategic economic importance in southern Italy. The single tasks are carried out mostly manually, with the characteristics of a handicraft approach. The aim of the survey was to assess the prevalence of upper limb work-related musculoskeletal disorders (UL-WMSDs) in 30 factories of the sofa industry located in a large geographic area of the Puglia and Basilicata Regions. In the period 1 January-31 December 2003 a network of occupational physicians investigated a population of 5.477 subjects (exposed n=3481, controls n=1996, M=3865, F=1612) in 30 different factories of the area. More than 60 percent of the total workforce studied was employed in large-sized companies (>500 employees). The following work tasks were considered: filling preparation workers, leather-cutting operators, sewing and upholstery-assembly workers. Case-definition was assessed through standardized procedures: symptoms by questionnaire plus physical and laboratory/imaging findings. Cumulative prevalence rates of UL-WMSDs as at 31 December 2003 reached values of up to 30% in high risk groups. Prevalence rates showed good correlation with the concise OCRA index used for assessment of exposure to repetitive strain and movements of the upper limb. The most frequently occurring disorders were tendon-related cysts and wrist tendonitis. Shoulder disorders were more frequent in male and female leather-cutting operators. This survey showed a significantly high prevalence of UL-WMSDs in sofa industry workers. It did not seem to be confirmed in this study that there was a greater female susceptibility to UL-WMSDs with the exception of carpal tunnel syndrome: gender difference seems to be less relevant at increasing levels of occupational exposure to repetitive movements and exertion of the upper limbs.

  5. The Use of Local Wisdom Content in Secondary School: Problems And Creative Development

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    Khomkrit Channarong

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to 1 study the use of local wisdom and its problems in secondary schools and 2 examine the pattern of development of local wisdom contents used in secondary schools. The study is a qualitative research which was done by examining related texts and documents as well as field research which was participated by 100 informants including government officers and local people. The data was collected by using questionnaire, observation form, interview, and focus group. The data was then analyzed according to the study and present by descriptive analysis approach. Research results show that The problems of using local wisdom contents are classified into the following aspects ; 1 Community aspect: learning and using local wisdom of the people in the community are related to local materials and ethnic ; 2 Curriculum aspect: the studied schools has curriculums conforming to government policies ; 3 Local wisdom instructors: local wisdom contents are instructed by local wisdom instructors in the studied schools. Local wisdom instructors from the university also take part in local wisdom education at the studied schools located in the same university campus ; 4 Current local wisdom learning aspect: all of the studied schools value the local wisdom education. Local wisdom contents are found enclosed in the schools’ visions and missions. Problems on using local wisdom contents are the deficiency of financial support from the government, neglect of school administrators, discontinuity of learners and instructors affected by their transference reasons, and insufficiency of local wisdom philosophers who could not keep continuative instruction in harvest season according to their initiative occupation of farming. For the development pattern of the use of local wisdom contents in the studied schools, it was found that local wisdom contents are creatively developed to increase the economic value in industry, handicraft, art, and Thai medicine. The

  6. Analysis of genetic and cultural conservation value of three indigenous Croatian cattle breeds in a local and global context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramljak, J; Ivanković, A; Veit-Kensch, C E; Förster, M; Medugorac, I

    2011-02-01

    It is widely accepted that autochthonous cattle breeds can be important genetic resources for unforeseeable environmental conditions in the future. Apart from that, they often represent local culture and tradition and thus assist in the awareness of ethnic identity of a country. In Croatia, there are only three indigenous cattle breeds, Croatian Buša, Slavonian Syrmian Podolian and Istrian Cattle. All of them are threatened but specialized in a particular habitat and production system. We analysed 93 microsatellites in 51 animals of each breed to get thorough information about genetic diversity and population structure. We further set them within an existing frame of additional 16 breeds that have been genotyped for the same marker set and cover a geographical area from the domestication centre near Anatolia, through the Balkan and alpine regions, to the north-west of Europe. The cultural value was evaluated regarding the role in landscape, gastronomy, folklore and handicraft. The overall results recognize Croatian Buša being partly admixed but harbouring an enormous genetic diversity comparable with other traditional unselected Buša breeds in the Anatolian and Balkan areas. The Podolian cattle showed the lowest genetic diversity at the highest genetic distance to all remaining breeds but are playing an important role as part of the cultural landscape and thus contribute to the tourist industry. The genetic diversity of the Istrian cattle was found in the middle range of this study. It is already included in the tourist industry as a local food speciality. Current and future conservation strategies are discussed. © 2010 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

  7. Management of the palm Astrocaryum chambira Burret (Arecaceae in northwest Amazon

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    Néstor García

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available We studied the management of the fiber-producing chambira palm Astrocaryum chambira by indigenous people in the Colombian Amazon. Between 2009 and 2012, we visited four communities and two marketing centers, where we interviewed 12 people. In addition, we specifically observed A. chambira harvesting, processing, and commercialization; studied palm populations at five localities; measured leaf production rate; and integrated secondary data. At least 21 aboriginal groups in the Colombian Amazon use chambira fiber. The palm grows in association with human communities, and it has been widely used and managed in past agroforestry systems. The fiber is obtained from the unexpanded leaves of juvenile or adult palms, and harvesting is often unsustainable because of overharvesting acaulescent palms or of cutting down adult palms. This is leading to a depletion of palm population. Annual leaf production rate was 1.59-2.89 leaves/palm year−1, which is lower than that reported in other studies. Based in our results, we recommended a harvest of 1 leaf/palm year−1 in acaulescent palms, and 1-2 leaves/palm year−1 in stemmed palms. Chambira-derived products are mostly handicrafts for marketing, and their trade represents 40%-100% of artisan household cash income. Improving the management of chambira palms requires the introduction of non-destructive harvest techniques and a wider use of the palm in agroforestry systems. An analysis of traditional management practices and of the role of chambira among Amerindian people indicates that A. chambira was an incipient domesticate at the time of the European conquest.

  8. Hydraulic Theory and Hydraulic Engineering Projects of the Wusong River (吳淞江 Basin Between the Sixteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

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    Chulwoong Chung

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to explore the significance of the overall water control system and numerous water control projects in the Jiangnan region. Through a series of large-scale dredging projects, the Ming and Qing Dynasties attempted to achieve the goals of securing national tax revenue and guaranteeing the production activity for the farmers. However, due to the weakened hydraulic system, excessive expenses, and interests on various levels, large-scale hydraulic engineering projects were unable to achieve their original goals. Starting in the sixteenth century already, interests about practical one-time hydraulic engineering projects on a small scale began to surface. Meanwhile, in the Qing Dynasty, when the socio-economic transformation developed more, a new awareness of hydraulics surfaced due to the expansion of commercial cultivation over a large amount of land in the Jiangnan region. This was the result of an attempt to break away from the heavy dependence on water control facilities that had little room for improvement by growing a variety of plants and crops instead of focusing solely on simple grain production. Therefore the cultivation of a variety of commercial crops and plants and the development of the handicraft industry in the Jiangnan region since the sixteenth century are two aspects of Chinese society that resulted from ineffective water control facilities. However, despite these limitations and failures, large-scale hydraulic engineering projects were carried out repeatedly due to the economic importance of the Jiangnan region and to the efforts to achieve the ideals of flood control.

  9. KREATIVITAS EKONOMI MASYARAKAT LOKAL DI KERESIDENAN JEPARA 1830-1900

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    Alamsyah Alamsyah

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The research shows that in the period of 1830-1900 the inhabitants of Jepara Residency were quite dynamic even though the economic principle had moved from maritime to agrarian. The inhabitants’ creativity which was based on soft skill raised the economic autonomy. They did not rely on the maritime and plantation economy so much. However, the plantation economy gave an opportunity for the creative economy to be born. Then, the inhabitants’ economic creativity created industry and indigenous handicraft. The introduction of export plants which was supported by capitalism did not raise the inhabitants’ dependence towards the colonial economic system. What happened precisely was the interdependence between government, capitalist and inhabitants. When the colonial economic penetration was more intensive, the people were able to adapt to the economic change without being dependent upon the colonial economic structure. It was shown by the inhabitants’ alternative economy. Key words: economic creativity, local society, Jepara residency  Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada periode 1830-1900 penduduk Keresidenan Jepara cukup dinamis meskipun prinsip ekonomi telah berpindah dari maritim ke agraris. Kreativitas penduduk yang didasarkan pada soft skill mengangkat otonomi ekonomi. Mereka tidak begitu banyak bergantung pada ekonomi maritim dan ekonomi perkebunan. Namun, ekonomi perkebunan memberikan kesempatan bagi ekonomi kreatif untuk berkembang. Kemudian, kreativitas ekonomi penduduk menciptakan industri dan kerajinan asli. Pengenalan tanaman ekspor yang didukung oleh kapitalisme tidak meningkatkan ketergantungan penduduk terhadap sistem ekonomi kolonial. Apa yang terjadi justru adalah saling bergantungnya antara pemerintah, kapitalis dan penduduk. Ketika penetrasi ekonomi kolonial lebih intensif, orang-orang mampu beradaptasi dengan perubahan ekonomi tanpa bergantung kepada struktur ekonomi kolonial. Hal ini ditunjukkan dengan

  10. MAPPING POTENTIAL TECHNOLOGY APPROPRIATE SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES AS EFFORTS TO IMPROVE TECHNOLOGY PREPARATION LEADERSHIP IN REGION OF PONOROGO

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    Rochmat Aldy Purnomo

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Research Objectives "Mapping the Potential of Appropriate Technology for Small and Medium Enterprises as an Effort to Improve the Capability of Technology Readiness in Ponorogo District" is to describe the profile of small and medium enterprises (SMEs, evaluate and measure the level of technological readiness ability (TK2T of SMEs in Ponorogo District. The analytical tool used is a technometer that serves to measure the level of technological readiness capability used for the production of SMEs divided into three stages, basic (level 1 to level 3, medium (level 4 to level 6 and ready (Level 7 to With Level 9. By using teknometer is expected to provide basic information about mapping the potential needs and the use of appropriate technology (TTG both tools, processes and production results in Ponorogo regency. SMEs in Ponorogo Regency are dominated in the field of food, handicraft and textile fields. The SME food business unit still requires major government intervention on production process issues. The majority of SMEs business unit in the field of food still use technology (tools simple and potluck. The production process of SMEs business still neglects the hygienic side of both the production and production. The results of the evaluation and measurement of SME TK2T in Ponorogo District indicate that all samples have passed measurements at level 1 to level 3. Less than 50% pass the middle level ie level 4 to level 6, while less than 10% have passed the top level measurement , Which is level 7 to level 9. This explains that the production of SMEs in Ponorogo Regency still need government intervention both in the use of appropriate technology, as well as supporting indicators such as management, hygiene in production, human resources.

  11. ANALISIS EKUITAS MEREK PRODUK WATERBASED FINISING IZYKOTE (KASUS DI KABUPATEN GIANYAR

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    Adianti Adianti

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research are to recognize the brand awareness, brand trust, brand satisfaction, brand loyalty, and brand equity from Izykotewaterbased finishing product so we can arrange promotion strategy for the future. To carry on the purpose of those research, the research has been conducted toward for 160 respondent that taken from Kabupaten Gianyar. This research is using Purposive Sampling method by choosing a better respondent to become research sampling. The data was collected by questioner list. The analysis data did by Structural Equation Modeling (SEM, and the data were processed by AMOS verse 6, and SPSS verse 15. The result of this research shows, that the brand awareness factors having positive and significant influence to the brand trust for 0.47, the brand awareness have positive influence to the brandsatisfaction for 0.42, the brand trust have positive influence to the brand loyalty for 0.30, the brand satisfaction have a positive influence to the brand loyalty for 0.40, and the variable having a directly effect on positive and significant to brand equity is customer loyalty that is 0.32. The implication of the research result are to expected the improve and increase of the working performance manager especially marketing department to takes opportunities, necessary target market, carrying handicraft worker loyalty, that can be create to brand equity. Beside that company need to keep in touch with every worker who have basic to believe or trust, having satisfaction, and loyalty to used  Izykotewaterbased finishing, that make Izykotemore stronger brand at Kabupaten Gianyar

  12. Ethnobotanical Study of Rattans on Suku Anak Dalam Community in Bukit Duabelas Nasional Park

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    Dwi Mairida

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Suku Anak Dalam (SAD, a tribal in Bukit Duabelas Nasional Park (TNBD has knowledge for utilizing rattans. This research attempts to investigate the species of rattans utilized and to analyze the local wisdom of Suku Anak Dalam(SAD community.The data was collected by doing an interview the informants consisting of temenggung (head of the tribe, jenang (the liaison between the villagers and anak dalam, rattans gatherers, induk (mother and hand maker. Then, the researcher observed active participation (following the SAD activity in utilizing rattans.The interview was conducted based on the appropriate time with qualitative condition and situation. The result showed 12 (twelve species of rattan utilized by the SAD community, Calamus ornatus (Blume, Calamus caesius( Blume, Calamus flabellatus (Becc., Calamus manan(Miq., Calamus csipionum (Lour., Calamus javensis(Blume, Calamus axilliaris(Becc., Calamus sp., Daemonorops geniculata (Griff. Mart., Daemonorops draco(Willd. Blume, Daemonorops verticiliaris(Griff. Mart., and Korthalsiaechinometra(Becc.The eight species were utilized as ambung, penampilan, and tekalo handicraft. One type for rituals, ropes, clotheslines, dye, durian lempok cakes preservatives (Durio spp.,and the species for the food for pregnant mothers (‘ngidam’, and the three species for medicine. The implication of this research gave a documentation for the government to formulate and to make an authority of TNB forest conservation and to protect the culture of SAD community in the form of rattans inventarization and local wisdom of SAD community in utilizing the species of rattans.How to CiteMairida, D., Muhadiono, M., & Hilwan, I. (2016. Etnobotanical Study of Rattans on Suku Anak Dalam Community in Bukit Duabelas Nasional Park. Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education, 8(1 64-70.

  13. Characterization and biological treatment of colored textile wastewaters from the typical Tunisian hat Chechia dyeing using newly isolated Aspergillus niger

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    Hajer Barouni

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to characterize and investigate, for the first time, the treatment of real colored wastewaters from the artisanal dyeing of the typical Tunisian hat Chechia, using a newly isolated fungal strain. This textile effluent was a mixture called Mix of colored wastewaters from the three main types of Chechia. The major pollutant of the Mix was the toxic Azo dye Amaranth Acid or Acid Red 27. The fungal strain that made the cleanup was discovered in a Chechia dyeing wastewater’s container and identified by ITS rDNA gene sequencing. This isolated Aspergillus niger showed interesting performances on the demonstration of Chechia wastewater’s biodegradation in batch cultures. In order to understand the effect of agitation, Mix dilution and inoculum size on decolourisation and pollution removal, a full factorial experimental design 23 was set up. At the optimal conditions which were 20% inoculum size, 25% Chechia Mix dilution and an agitation of 100 rpm, Aspergillus niger was able to remove color as high as 70.18±2.84% at an initial dye concentration of 1346.6±0.01 mg/L, and to reduce COD to 74.17±14.52% at an initial COD of 4157±422 mg/L. FT-IR spectra analysis confirmed the decolourisation by biodegradation and transformation of the dyes. The treatment by the isolated Aspergillus niger could be successfully applied as a sustainable method to solve one of handicraft dyeing plants environmental management issues.

  14. Business models for full service energy renovation of single-family houses in Nordic countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mahapatra, Krushna; Gustavsson, Leif; Haavik, Trond; Aabrekk, Synnøve; Svendsen, Svend; Vanhoutteghem, Lies; Paiho, Satu; Ala-Juusela, Mia

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: ► In the Nordic countries there is significant primary energy saving potential in single-family houses from 1970s. ► There are several behavioral, economical and market related hindrances to adoption of energy efficiency measures. ► One-stop-shop business models to offer full service energy renovation packages are slowly emerging. ► Marketing strategies and policy measures are required to promote full service energy renovation of single-family house. - Abstract: In Nordic countries significant primary energy saving potential exists in houses built before 1980. These old houses need to be renovated, which provides an opportunity for implementation of energy efficiency measures. However, there are several economic and market hindrances and the renovation markets are dominated by handicraft-based individual solutions. In this paper we have analyzed the opportunities for implementation of one-stop-shop business models where an overall contractor offers full-service renovation packages including consulting, independent energy audit, renovation work, follow-up (independent quality control and commissioning) and financing. A comparative assessment of emerging business models in the Nordic countries shows that different types of actors can provide such a service. Financing is included in some models. There are differences in how customers are contacted, while the similarities are on how the service is provided. Even though there is strong business potential for one-stop-shop energy renovation concept, still it has been somewhat difficult to start or run such a business. Various options to overcome the hindrances to promote energy efficient renovation of detached houses are discussed

  15. Kajian Pengelolaan Limbah Uji Pada Laboratorium Uji Tekstil

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    Kusreni Hastuti

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakDalam kajian ini akan dibahas mengenai jenis limbah yang dihasilkan oleh Laboratorium Uji Tekstil, pemanfaatan dan cara pengelolaan limbah. Pada pengujian tekstil digunakan contoh uji (tekstil dan bahan kimia. Pada kegiatan pengujian ini dihasilkan limbah contoh uji yang berupa limbah serat, benang, potongan kain dan limbah uji tekstil berupa air limbah. Alternatif pemanfaatan limbah dari sisa contoh uji dan bekas uji digunakan sebagai bahan untuk membuat berbagai macam dan jenis produk kerajinan yang berbahan baku tekstil. Limbah serat, benang digunakan untuk pengisi bantal, boneka sebagai pengganti dakron. Limbah potongan kain yang berukuran 50 cm x 50 cm dan 10 cm x 10 cm bisa digunakan untuk taplak meja, korden, tas, sarung bantal dan sebagainya, limbah kain yang berukuran kecil digunakan untuk pengisi bantal. Air limbah bekas pengujian tekstil mengandung zat kimia seperti larutan pencuci, larutan keringat asam & basa. Air limbah bekas pengujian tidak dapat digunakan kembali namun dilakukan pengelolaan sebelum dibuang ke lingkungan.Kata kunci: pengujian tekstil, pengelolaan limbah AbstractThis study will discuss the types of waste produced by the Textile Testing Laboratory, utilization and management of waste.  Textile testing use samples (textiles and chemicals. In this testing activity generated waste test sample in the form of waste fibers, yarns, fabrics and waste pieces of test textile wastewater. Waste from the rest of the test sample and the former test are  used as material for making various kinds and types of handicraft products. Waste of  fiber, yarn are used to fill pillows, dolls instead of dacron. Waste pieces of fabric measuring 50 cm x 50 cm and 10 cm x 10 cm can be used for tablecloths, curtains, bags, pillowcases and so on, small-sized waste fabric is used for stuffing. Former textile testing containe chemicals such as wash solution, a solution of acid & alkaline perspiration. Wastewater former test is not

  16. Thermal and Ash Characterization of Indonesian Bamboo and Its Potential for Solid Fuel and Waste Valorization

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    Aprilina Purbasari

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Bamboo has been widely used in Indonesia for construction, handicrafts, furniture and other uses. However, the use of bamboo as a biomass for renewable energy source has not been extensively explored. This paper describes the thermal and ash characterization of three bamboo species found in Indonesia, i.e. Gigantochloa apus, Gigantochloa levis and Gigantochloa atroviolacea. Characterization of bamboo properties as a solid fuel includes proximate and ultimate analyses, calorific value measurement and thermogravimetric analysis. Ash characterization includes oxide composition analysis and phase analysis by X-Ray diffraction. The selected bamboo species have calorific value comparable with wood with low nitrogen and sulphur contents, indicating that they can be used as renewable energy sources. Bamboo ash contains high silicon so that bamboo ash has potential to be used further as building materials or engineering purposes. Ash composition analysis also indicates high alkali that can cause ash sintering and slag formation in combustion process. This implies that the combustion of bamboo requires the use of additives to reduce the risk of ash sintering and slag formation. Article History: Received May 15, 2016; Received in revised form July 2nd, 2016; Accepted July 14th, 2016; Available online How to Cite This Article: Purbasari, A., Samadhi, T.W. & Bindar, Y. (2016 Thermal and Ash Characterization of Indonesian Bamboo and its Potential for Solid Fuel and Waste Valorization. Int. Journal of Renewable Energy Development, 5(2, 95-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.14710/ijred.5.2.96-100 

  17. Is it Possible to Design a Math-Art Instructional Practice? Cases of Pre-service Teachers

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    Işıkhan UĞUREL

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available To many people, establishing relationships between mathematics and art is difficult or surprising. However, these two disciplines are quite interrelated. Today, the literature of mathematics reveals that there has been an increasing interest in interaction between these two disciplines. As also observed in our country, the studies on relationships between mathematics and art have gained more popularity in mathematics education. There is a course entitled, “Mathematics and Art” offered as one of elective courses and taught for ten years to juniors of the Department of Secondary Mathematics Education, Dokuz Eylül University. The course covers a wide range of activities derived from relationships between mathematics and music to activities derived from those between mathematics and handicraft. In this study, cases of pre-service teachers attending this course were analysed. They were asked to do an instructional design integrating mathematics into art at secondary education level. Their designs were analyzed based on the use of art in which contexts and for what purposes. Furthermore, their designs were analyzed in terms of whether they enhance learning. This qualitative study had a case study design. The participants were 43 pre-service mathematics teachers voluntarily selected from students taking the course. Descriptive analysis was done to analyze the data. As a consequence of the analysis, math-art instructional practices developed by pre-service teachers were clustered under three primary categories (good, average and inadequate. The majority of math-art instructional practices were categorized under the average category. In the study, these categories were described and cases in each category were discussed.

  18. Pengolahan Material Serat Alami Menggunakan Enzim Mikrobiologi untuk Media Ekspresi Seni Dua Dimensi

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    Muksin Muksin

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the alternative media, which is potential to be developed is the use of natural fiber materials from the environment (indigenous material. This natural fiber in foreign country such as Thailand, Japan, United States has crossed the threshold of the quality as a work of art that create by an artist. Meanwhile in Indonesia it is still brand new to be develop as a media of art expression. Indeed, art paper has already developed in Indonesia, but it is still a boundary production of pieces of paper that will be directly applied as a handicraft media. Moreover, the preparation process is still using the conventional method using chemical materials such as NaOH, Hypochloride, Boric acid, Chlorin, H2O2, etc., which burden the environment. Therefore an alternative, environmental friendly process is necessary to be developed to exploit natural fiber materials as a media of art expression. For this reason in this project a research on fiber-pulping process using xylanase enzyme has been carried out. The use of xylanase is enable to decrease chlorin consumption and reduce  chloro-organic concentration in pulp and waste, that also means a reduction in  production cost. The pulp was then used to make a paper to be tested for its quality by the Center for Pulp and Paper (Balai Besar Pulp dan Kertas, BBPK. This research resulted in a enzyme formulations for the fiber-pulping and preparation from variety of fiber materials: banana’s stalk, the abacca, hyacinth, straw, pineapple fiber and gold cocoon, b data of paper quality, and c work of arts from fiber/pulp material. In conclusion, enzyme can be applied in fiber-pulping process for lower impact on the environment and the workers.

  19. COMPREHENSION AS A COMPONENT OF THE FUTURE LEADER’S PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE IN THE FIELD OF INNOVATIVE MANAGEMENT OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION (AS FAR AS THE LEADERS` ACTIVITY AT EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF THE CARPATHIANS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Sas

    2015-04-01

    those which should be realized and taken into consideration by the leaders of educational institutions in the Carpathians: their being densely populated, the distance between the places of residence and schools, household, unique ethnic and handicraft traditions.

  20. TECHNOLOGY COMPETITIONS AND OLYMPIADS AMONG PUPILS AS A MEANS OF DIAGNOSTICS AND DEVELOPMENT OF THEIR GIFTEDNESS

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    O. V. Shatunova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The research is aimed to show the significance of Technology (Handicraft lessons competitions and olimpiads (academic competitions among general education institutions pupils of the Republic of Tatarstan. The authorsnote the efficiency of these activities as the diagnostics means and improvement of natural gifted children and teenagers. Methods. The applied methods involve criteria approach to the giftedness types assessment; generalization of the advanced pedagogical theory and practice, supervision, teachership surveys and discussions with them. Results. The experience of Technology competitions and olimpiads (academiccompetitions implementation among school pupils of Kazan Federal University, Elabuga Institute is described. The research outcomes show that pupils participation in such activities not only contributes the creative potential realization but also forms sustainable interest to engineering-technical and design activitiesthat subsequently influence a graduates’ choice of high-demand majors (specialities and professions at the contemporary labour market. Additionally, the authors emphasize the objective necessity of specific teachers’ training, and formation of necessary professional skills set for successful work with gifted pupils. Scientific novelty. The research identifies a number of criteria for diagnostics of giftedness types. It is specially noted that the most important point of this phenomenon is propensity to work as the primary factor of ingenuity and talent. Practical significance. Implementation of the research outcomes can be used for further development of Technology competitions and olimpiads implementation among school pupils in high vocational education institutions that are qualified at students’ training on pedagogic majors, as well as in supplementary education establishments for children and teenagers

  1. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEPUTUSAN WISATAWAN NUSANTARA BERWISATA BELANJA DI RAMA KRISNA OLEH-OLEH KHAS BALI

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    I Kadek Adi Sumara Putra

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The activities of shopping trips into one of the attractions which is most favorite by domestic tourists. It can be seen from the percentage of domestic tourists who’s doing activity for shopping tour that is equal to 35 percent. The tourism shopping center that are currently being developed and are Frequently visited by domestic tourists is Rama Krishna Oleh-Oleh Khas Bali as a tourism shopping center of handicrafts from Bali with modern nuances. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors influencing the domestic tourists decision who’s doing activities for shopping trips and also determine the dominant factors that influence the domestic tourists decision for shopping trips in Rama Krishna Oleh-Oleh Khas Bali. This research using purposive sampling with distributing questionnaires to 374 respondents who traveled shopping at Rama Krishna Oleh-Oleh Khas Bali. The data were collection by observation, questionnaire interview, and library research. This research is being tested first for its validity and reliability before being by factor analysis. The results of this research showed that 18 variables were identified, 15 variables were selected into the three factors that influence the domestic tourists decision for shopping trips. Those factors consist of psychological factors with eigenvalue of 5.587, situational factors with eigenvalue of 1.594, and external factors with eigenvalue of 1.117. From the result of analysis factors well known that the most dominant factor were influencing domestic tourists decision for shopping trips in Rama Krishna Oleh-Oleh Khas Bali is a psychological factor because it has the highest eigenvalue of all factors that have been formed. The variables included in the psychological factors are: motivation, personality, learning, attitudes, and perceptions.

  2. The family in patriotic education of young learners living in the United Kingdom as an example of foreign country (in 1945–1989 [Rola rodziny w wychowaniu ojczystym dziecka na obczyźnie na przykładzie Wielkiej Brytanii (w latach 1945–1989

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    Olga ZAMECKA-ZALAS

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the role of the family in thepatriotic education of young learners living in a foreign country. The essential role of the family was to develop the national identity, to make the children feel proud of their country and to prevent them having a sense of social inferiority. Patriotic education was to instil love to an unknown country – Poland and a national identity in young learners, but mainly to give new perspectives on spiritual life. Some forms and methods in patriotic education were described in this article, e.g. teaching children about national traditions, monuments and church or state celebrations, reminding about the necessity of cultivating holiday customs and traditions and about the central role of the mother in the family. Apart from that Polish folklore played a vital role in educating children abroad, e.g. folk music, dance, songs and handicrafts or national costumes. The children had to learn to love their country as well as to live in a Polish family with all it customs, traditions and language to feel as Polish citizens still living in a foreign country. The article puts stress on the significance of cooperation between parents and Polish schools in educating children in Britain. The main aim of the close cooperation was to develop children and their personalities. Some forms and ways of interactions analysed in this paper were based on such articles in: „Wiadomości Nauczycielskie”, „Dziennik Polski” or „Dziennik Żołnierza”

  3. No going back. Mexican women find opportunity and obstacles in a changing economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabral, E

    1994-01-01

    , trash collection, and paved roads and walkways. Border areas such as Juarez attract 200 unemployed daily. Unregulated growth will turn these border cities into densely populated areas. About 40% of the economically active population work in the informal sector. Much of the vendor merchandise is illegal contraband, and intricate handicrafts are sold next to electronic games, cosmetics, and silk-screened T shirts. Informal work is also available for women in cottage industries at home. The Agro-Industrial Women's Unit in Buenavista helps to secure agricultural land holdings for women.

  4. Climate Change and its Impacts on Tourism and Livelihood in Manaslu Conservation Area, Nepal

    Science.gov (United States)

    K C, A.

    2016-12-01

    tourism promotional activities in the study area. Also awareness and education related to tourism, gender empowerment of women, advertisement and publicity on tourism promotion, adequate subsidy and training on ecotourism and skill development training on handicraft are recommended.

  5. Report of Earthquake Drills with Experiences of Ground Motion in Childcare for Young Children, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, N.

    2013-12-01

    After the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011, this disaster has become one of the opportunities to raise awareness of earthquake and tsunami disaster prevention, and the improvement of disaster prevention education is to be emphasized. The influences of these bring the extension to the spatial axis in Japan, and also, it is important to make a development of the education with continuous to the expansion of time axes. Although fire or earthquake drills as the disaster prevention education are often found in Japan, the children and teachers only go from school building to outside. Besides, only the shortness of the time to spend for the drill often attracts attention. The complementary practice education by the cooperation with experts such as the firefighting is practiced, but the verification of the effects is not enough, and it is the present conditions that do not advance to the study either. Although it is expected that improvement and development of the disaster prevention educations are accomplished in future, there are a lot of the problems. Our target is construction and utilization of material contributing to the education about "During the strong motion" in case of the earthquake which may experience even if wherever of Japan. One of the our productions is the handicraft shaking table to utilize as teaching tools of the education to protect the body which is not hurt at the time of strong motion. This made much of simplicity than high reproduction of the earthquake ground motions. We aimed to helping the disaster prevention education including not only the education for young children but also for the school staff and their parents. In this report, the focusing on a way of the non-injured during the time of the earthquake ground motion, and adopting activity of the play, we are going to show the example of the framework of earthquake disaster prevention childcare through the virtual experience. This presentation has a discussion as a practice study with

  6. Investigating the obstacles and difficulties of using the potentials of medical tourism in Shiraz hospitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Mooghali

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The tourism industry is one of the greatest professions in the world and the governments have considered it as an important activity to achieve their macroeconomics objectives. One of the branches of this industry is medical tourism. Considering the importance of this issue, this study investigated the obstacles and problems of medical tourism with an adaptive approach between public and private hospitals. Method: This study was cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical. In this study, two tools of checklists and questionnaires in three areas of financial infrastructure, skilled manpower and facilities were used to collect the data. The study population included all senior hospital executives (chairman, manager, matron, the receptionist, clinical supervisor of 14 private hospitals and six governmental hospitals in Shiraz that admit tourists. Results: A total number of 94 subjects participated in the study, of whom 54 (57% were female and 38 (43% were male with a mean age of 47 years and 22.5 years of work experience. The results of the checklist showed that seven private hospitals (50% and four public hospitals (67% had lack of infrastructure. There are significant differences in the number of medical tourists’ admission between private and public hospitals (P=0.001. The results did not show a significant difference between the views of senior executives in private and public hospitals on the effects of these three infrastructures, human resources, financial facilities and equipment on more tourists’ attraction (P=0.077 and P=0.416 and P=0.355. Conclusion: According to the results, admitting foreign patients more frequently occurs in private hospitals due to the presence of famous physicians. It seems that with proper collaboration of some organizations and establishment of health tourism office in these hospitals, including Cultural Heritage and Handicrafts and Tourism, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and the Governor

  7. Rancang Bangun Portal E-Commerce Semarang-Handycraft Berorientasi Obyek

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    Sinta Tridian Galih

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Number of  emerging  Small  and  Medium  Enterprises  (SMEs  in  Indonesia  has  not  been  matched  with  optimal  performance.  Manyproblems  arise  such  as  difficulty  in  marketing  products  and  limited  costs  for  marketing.  This  problem  can  be  overcome  by  utilizingInternet technology to build e-commerce portal. Portal help online marketing with no borders zone, facilitate for searching a consumer,can automate the promotion and business transactions that can help win the competition.In this research, to be built e -commerce portalSemarang-Handycraft. Design of e-commerce portal is using system development methodologies Model Driven Development (MDDand UML modeling language (Unified Modeling Language which is a visual language for modeling object -oriented language and byusing the  Open Source  Content Management  Systems  that  is  called  Joomla  and  using  e-commerce  modules Virtuemart.  Produced  ecommerce portal that can provide information with better quality and can be accessed at http://semarang-handycraft.cz.cc, which is a newalternative  for  the  production  of  marketing  handicraft  products  of  SMEs  in  Semarang.  For  security  and  convinience  of   informationretrieval in e-commerce portal is divided into several access rights, ie rights of access to regular visitors, members and administratorsKeywords: E-commerce; Portals; UML; Object-oriented

  8. Oman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    Focus in this discussion of Oman is on the following: geography; the people; history; government; political conditions; the economy; and relations between Oman and the US. The population is estimated at 1.3 million; the annual growth rate is 3%. The infant mortality rate is estimated to be 50/1000 with a life expectancy of 48 years. Oman is located in the eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula. Its land borders with Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates remain undefined, and the border with the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen is in dispute. About 1/3 of the population live in Muscat and the Batinah coastal plain northwest of the capital; more than 1/2 live in small towns, primarily in the interior. Ethnic groups include Arab, Baluchi, Zanzibari, and Indian. At least 200,000 expatriates live in Oman, most of whom (180,000) are guest workers from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka, as well as from Egypt, Jordan, and the Philippines. Except for a brief period of Persian rule, the Omanis have remained independent since 1650. The sultanate has no constitution, legislature, or legal political parties. The judicial system is based mainly on the Koranic laws and the oral teachings of the Prophet Muhammad. In November 1981, the sultan formed the Consultative Council for the State in an effort to increase public participation in the government. When Oman declined as an entrepot for arms and slaves in the mid-19th century, much of its former prosperity was lost, and the economy relied almost exclusively on agriculture, camel and goat herding, fishing, and traditional handicrafts. Oil was first discovered in the interior in 1964. With the fall in oil prices in the early 1980s, revenue declined slightly before resuming an upward trend based on additions to production from the new fields. By late 1985, production rose to just over 500,000 barrels/day. The government is undertaking many development projects to modernize the economy and further improve the

  9. Pendekatan One Village One Product (OVOP untuk Mengembangkan Potensi Kerajinan Daerah. Studi Kasus: Kerajinan Gerabah di Kecamatan Plered, Kabupaten Purwakarta

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    Meirina Triharini

    2014-01-01

    craft industry in the ten regions in Indonesia, including Purwakartawith its potential on decorative pottery and ceramic crafts. This study aims to evaluate the implementation of OVOP in Indonesia that has been ongoing since 2008 and make a recommendation for the development of potential handicrafts with OVOP approach by taking a case study in Plered, Purwakarta. In addition to the importance of consistency of government and public participation and oversight in implementing the program, the development of craft product design plays a very significant role. It is required for designers to have very strong roles to develop designs that can understand the market needs while maintaining the traditional values of craft and resolve the problems faced by the industry.Keywords: craft; ceramic; OVOP; pottery; Purwakarta.

  10. Spotlight. China. Part II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brophy, G

    1989-04-01

    China's 1-child policy was promulgated in 1979. Those couples who pledged to have 1 child could receive monetary bonuses, preferential treatment for housing, plot and grain allocation, health care, education, and job opportunities. The precise value of the package varied substantially. By 1981 47.3% of births were 1st births; in 1970, 21% were 1st births. Couples' renouncement of the 1-child pledge varied by province from less than 5% to 34%; 12.5% of holders who had had a girl renounced their pledge, compared to 6.7% who had had a boy. Despite a 1950 law designed to improve women's status,inequalities persist, and privileges accorded to 1-child certificate children, who are more likely to be male, may inadvertently perpetuate inequality. A provision of the 1980 Marriage Law making daughters as well as sons responsible for old age support and the development of handicraft and sideline occupations in rural areas may increase perception of daughters as economic assets. Although fertility may have declined, it remains a fundamentally important Chinese institution. Fertility is concentrated among women in the 20s, with urban fertility more compressed into shorter age interval than is the case in rural areas. There were campaigns to encourage abortion, sterilization, and IUD insertion in late 1982 and early 1983. The number of sterilizations/year increased from 5.1 million in 1982 to 20.8 million in 1983. As of 1983, the mix of contraceptive methods ranged as follows: 50% sterilization, 41% IUD, and 9% others. From 1984-85, the proportion of 1st births declined from 56% to 50%, with 2nd births absorbing the increase. In 1986-88, following a period of relative leniency, family planning goal became somewhat more stringent, and to responsibility systems, such as goal management in which couples together with multiple administrative levels must guarantee compliance with program objectives, are being emphasized. At the same time, several pilot programs allowing a 2nd child

  11. Occupational dermatoses among cottage industry workers of Kashmir Valley in North India

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    Saniya Akhtar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cottage industry is usually a small-scale industry operated from home by family members using their own equipment. Kashmir has a unique cottage industry of its own which deals with production of many handicrafts, which may lead to a peculiar pattern of skin diseases in these artisans. Aim: The aim of this study was to find out the pattern of skin disorders in the cottage industry workers of Kashmir valley, with primary focus on the occupation-related dermatoses and to identify the most common cutaneous manifestation in these workers. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study in which 1062 cottage industry workers engaged in different crafts were screened. A detailed history taking and examination was carried out in each worker and the diagnosis was made on clinical grounds. Wherever deemed necessary, relevant investigations were done to establish the nature of the disease. Results: A total of 1062 workers were evaluated for the presence of skin disorders. The male-to-female ratio was 1:1.5. The mean age of the study group was 30.3 years ± 10.79 years, with maximum number of workers (164 belonging to the crewel embroidery industry. The mean duration of work was 6.4 ± 2.08 hours/day. A total of 953 workers (89.7% had cutaneous manifestations, with callosities being the most common finding seen in 371 workers (35%, followed by cumulative insult dermatitis seen in 201 workers (19%. Conclusion: Cottage industry of Kashmir valley is a unique occupational group where a high percentage of workers had cutaneous manifestations related to their occupation, with callosities being the most common finding. Information and better knowledge regarding these dermatoses are important in devising strategies to improve the health scenario of these workers. Simple measures such as proper use of instruments, use of protective gloves, guarded use of chemicals, and hand washing may be very beneficial in reducing the burden of

  12. Hazard responses in the pre-industrial era: vulnerability and resilience of traditional societies to volcanic disasters and the implications for present-day disaster planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangster, Heather

    2014-05-01

    A major research frontier in the study of natural hazard research involves unravelling the ways in which societies have reacted historically to disasters, and how such responses influence current policies of disaster reduction. For societies it is common to classify responses to natural hazards into: pre-industrial (folk); industrial; and post-industrial (comprehensive) responses. Pre-industrial societies are characterised by: a pre-dominantly rural location; an agricultural economic focus; artisan handicrafts rather than industrial production, parochialism, with people rarely travelling outside their local area and being little affected by external events and a feudal or semi-feudal social structure. In the past, hazard assessment focused on the physical processes that produced extreme and potentially damaging occurrences, however from the middle of the twenty-first century research into natural hazards has been cast within a framework defined by the polarities (or opposites) of vulnerability and resilience, subject to a blend of unique environmental, social, economic and cultural forces in hazardous areas, that either increase or decrease the impact of extreme events on a given society. In the past decade research of this type has been facilitated by a 'revolution' of source materials across a range of languages and in a variety of electronic formats (e.g. official archives; major contemporary and near-contemporary publications - often available as reprints; national and international newspapers of record; newsreel-films; and, photographs) and in the introduction of more reliable translation software (e.g. Systrans) that provides far more scope to the researcher in the study of natural hazards than was the case even a few years ago. Knowledge of hazard responses in the pre-industrial era is, not only important in its own right because it reveals indigenous strategies of coping, but also informs present-day disaster planners about how people have reacted to past

  13. PERSPECTIVES OF SOLIDARITY ECONOMY IN MICROREGIONS OF WEST SANTA CATARINA

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    Luiz Victor Pittella Siqueira

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available As field of work, the Solidarity Economy is an differentiated alternative to build opportunities for income generation and socio-productive inclusion It is projected on Solidary Economic Enterprises the capable of generating development with greater appreciation of human beings and the environment This article provides a discussion of Solidarity Economy in the west catarinese, with the goal of understanding the prospects of their actions, considering the characteristics of management, supporting institutions and operational policy challenges. It uses the mixed method research, once it allows cut and merge quantitative and qualitative data and providing greater legitimacy and improving the understanding of the categories and variables that are expressed around the object studied. We used the search field in the range of Amosc and Ameosc micro-regions. In Ameosc were surveyed Solidarity Economic Enterprises (SEE and supporting institutions of their actions and Amosc, only those institutions. For field research with the selected subject (representatives of enterprises and leaders made use of forms and interviews. As regards the legal formalization, stands out the association’s form, the most common among Solidary Economic Enterprises of tow microregions. Among the productive activities of enterprises, stands out the production of food and handicrafts. The self-managed mode adopted in the surveyed enterprises has provided, in particular, integration between partners and additional income generation. Notwithstanding, there are difficulties to be overcome: low education workers; diversification and product differentiation and, little involvement of members in the management of the enterprise. Furthermore dynamic management of SEE also has political and operational difficulties to be overcome: limited commercial coverage and participation in networks; appropriate legal formalization for expand trade and investment opportunities. Once fortified, are

  14. KAWASAN PRODUKSI SENI PAHAT BATU SEBAGAI DAERAH TUJUAN WISATA DI KABUPATEN MAGELANG

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    Yuliana Pinaringsih Kristiutami

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - Development of tourism in Indonesia is currently more important, not only in order to increase the revenue of the country, is expected also to expanding business opportunities, while providing new job opportunities as well as to reduce unemployment. Potential Village Tamanagung as industrial areas and areas of stone carving art craft. Production area of stone carving art has the potential and attraction of attraction so that built and developed as a worthy tourist destination. In the development of tourism in the area of production of stone sculpture studio and the government in cooperation with surrounding communities. The existence of cooperation between organizations institutions with studio owner. Human Resources Training and empowerment of the overall performance of the Department of Tourism. Involving the private sector role in tourism development and promotion is encouraged with the development of technology and information. Designing a stone sculpture gallery as container sales, promotion, recreation and exhibition of handicrafts is a strategy in the development of stone sculpture production region as one tourism destination. Keywords: Development, Stone Sculpture Area, Potential, Attractions, Tourist Destination   Abstrak - Pengembangan kepariwisataan di Indonesia saat ini semakin penting, tidak saja dalam rangka meningkatkan penerimaan devisa negara, diharapkan juga dapat memperluas kesempatan berusaha, disamping memberikan lapangan pekerjaan baru juga untuk mengurangi pengangguran. Potensi Desa Tamanagung sebagai daerah industri dan kawasan kerajinan seni pahat batu. Kawasan produksi seni pahat batu mempunyai potensi dan daya tarik wisata berupa atraksi sehingga layak dibangun dan dikembangkan sebagai daerah tujuan wisata. Dalam pengembangan pariwisata di kawasan produksi seni pahat batu pemerintah bekerjasama dengan sanggar dan masyarakat sekitar. Adanya kerjasama antara organisasi lembaga dengan pemilik sanggar

  15. Envejecimiento demográfico y participación laboral femenina Demographic Aging and Female Labour Participation

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    Gabriela Adriana Sala

    2012-12-01

    , industrial and handicraft production, health and sanity, people care and gastronomic services occupations. On the other hand, among the most educated women prevailed those occupation linked to the education, health, management of small and medium companies directive occupations, administrative management and commercialization occupations.

  16. PERENCANAAN RUTE PERJALANAN DI JAWA TIMUR DENGAN DUKUNGAN GIS MENGGUNAKAN METODE DIJKSTRA S

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    Kartika Gunadi

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Many people need geographical information nowadays, such as: the distance between areas, information about some areas, information about nature resources in that area, to search for accident area, and others geographical information. Geographical Information System (GIS is only one from many others solution to seek for geographical information. This research aim is to make software that can give some geographical information for shortest path between towns in East Java. Others information that can be gain is information about governmental, population, tourism places, mountains, special food, handicraft, and traditional art. This software is designed with database not using satellite, so much cheaper compare with using satellite. This software use Dijkstra's method to seek the shortest path from one node to another node in the picture, so this program can't give alternative path. GIS can give answer for anything that related with geographical situation. Peoples can use GIS power to reach for a better life. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Informasi mengenai geografi semakin dibutuhkan oleh banyak pihak, misalnya informasi untuk mengetahui jarak antara satu daerah dengan daerah lain, informasi seputar daerah yang diinginkan, informasi tentang sumber daya alam yang dicari, informasi untuk menemukan lokasi kecelakaan dengan cepat, dan banyak informasi mengenai geografi lainnya. Geographical Information Systems (GIS merupakan salah satu solusi untuk mendapatkan informasi geografi tersebut. Tujuan perancangan adalah membuat suatu perangkat lunak yang dapat memberikan informasi geografi mengenai rute jalan terpendek antara kota yang satu dengan kota yang lainnya di Jawa Timur. Sedangkan informasi lainnya yang dapat diperoleh antara lain informasi mengenai pemerintahan, jumlah penduduk, tempat wisata, nama gunung, makanan khas, kerajinan, dan `kesenian tradisional yang berasal dari suatu daerah. Program ini dirancang tanpa menggunakan satelit namun hanya

  17. Estrategias campesinas de reproducción social. El caso de las Tierras Altas Jujeñas, Argentina

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    Cowan Ros, Carlos

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes peasantry persistence in a context of deepening of the capitalist relations of production, as given by the diffusion of neoliberal policies in periphery countries. The case study focuses on crisis and recreation of peasant’s social reproduction strategies in the Puna and Quebrada de Humahuaca, Argentina. The article analyzes the new economic strategies of peasantry, focusing on its logics of accumulation and conversion of capitals. Results suggests that the productive conversion was oriented towards strengthening typical peasant activities such as farming and handicraft production —whereas the main followed mechanism against decapitalisation was the accumulation of social capital for its further conversion in other types of capitals. Nevertheless, the implementation of these strategies has been conditioned by structural and social factors that make difficult the consolidation of a commercial agriculture in peasant systems in these regions.

    Este artículo analiza la persistencia del campesinado en un contexto de profundización de las relaciones capitalistas de producción, que se caracteriza por la difusión de las políticas neoliberales en los países periféricos. El caso empírico estudiado es la crisis y la reconversión de las estrategias de reproducción social de los campesinos de la Puna y de la Quebrada de Humahuaca, Argentina. El artículo analiza las nuevas estrategias económicas campesinas, centrándose en las lógicas de acumulación y conversión de capitales. Se propone que la reconversión productiva se ha orientado hacia el fortalecimiento de las actividades típicamente campesinas —agropecuarias y artesanales— y que, frente a la descapitalización, el principal mecanismo seguido fue la acumulación de capital social para su posterior conversión en otros tipos de capitales. Sin embargo, la implementación de estas estrategias ha sido condicionada por factores estructurales y sociales que

  18. Biochemical Characterization of Fungus Isolated during In vitro Propagation of Bambusa balcooa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyagi, Bhawna; Tewari, Salil; Dubey, Ashutosh

    2018-01-01

    Bambusa balcooa ( Poaceae: Bambusoideae ) is a multipurpose bamboo species, which is native of the Indian subcontinent. B. balcooa is regarded as one of the best species for scaffolding and building purposes because of its strong culm. Other uses include paper pulp, handicrafts, and products of the wood chip industry. Due to these various uses in industries, this species has been identified as one of the priority bamboos by the National Bamboo Mission. This study is designed to analyze the identification of fungus and develop the strategy to eliminate the contamination during in vitro establishment of B. balcooa through nodal part. Fungus contamination is a problem which is encountered during in vitro establishment of B. balcooa cultures. In the present study, fungus contamination from in vitro cultured plant has been isolated and subjected to partial sequence analysis of the 18S rRNA gene to identify the fungus strain. Experiments were designed to develop a strategy for removal of the fungus contamination with the help of antifungal compounds and commercial antimicrobial supplement supplied by HiMedia. Fusarium equiseti was identified as endophytic fungus. It was observed that antimicrobial supplement at concentration of 500 μl/l was more effective concentration to remove fungus contamination and not showed any detrimental effect on growth parameters of shoot. This experiment would help in identification and to get rid of fungal contamination and improve the in vitro establishment of B. balcooa cultures for large-scale propagation. Endogenous fungus was isolated from contaminated culture of B. balcooa , and it was identified as Fusarium equiseti and submitted to NCBI under accession no. KP274872. The endophytic fungus had shown substantial production of amylase, cellulase, and protease media. Gibberellic acid (GA 3 ) production by F. equiseti was maximum on the 7 th day on inoculation. Abbreviations used: B. balcooa : Bambusa balcooa , F. equiseti : Fusarium

  19. PROFIL BIOKIMIA DARAH PEKERJA LAKI-LAKI DENGAN KATEGORI RINGAN DAN BERAT

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    Yuniar Rosmalina

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Biochemical Profile of Male Workers According To Hard or Light Works.Background: Various occupations could be categorized as light, moderate and heavy activities as well. Heavy workers by mean those who mainly work based on muscle strength usually received low salary, therefore they have low purchasing power for providing better nutrition, including for adequate energy intake. In contrary for those who work mainly using brain capacity rather than muscle strength usually received higher salary and consumed food with high content of fat. The difference of income could result difference of nutrition intake, even different impact to health/nutrition status and sensitivity to certain diseases as well. The profile of nutritional biochemistry could indicate the health status of people.Objectives: To study the relationship between biochemical profile of worker and different type of work.Methods: The subjects were 43 worker of sandal handicraft considered as light level workers and 44 workers of sand and stone as heavy workers whose met criteria 30-55 years old, physically healthy and agreed to involve in this study. Body composition was measured using anthropometry and blood analysis. Anthropometric measurement was applied including body weight, height, MUAC and skin fold thickness. Blood analysis was hemoglobin, albumin, protein and triglyceride. Nutrient intake was collected by combination weighing and 24 hours recall method for 3 consecutive days. Other data collection includes physical examination by a medical doctor and interview was done to identify their characteristic and socio demografi.Results: The proportion of workers who had serum albumin below normal was higher in heavy worker compared to light worker (56.8% vs. 23.3%. This finding indicated that more than half of hard workers had protein depletion as result of break down protein stores in thebody. The average of serum albumin of light workers was significantly higher compared to heavy

  20. DAYA SAING DAN MODEL PEMASARAN SENTRA INDUSTRI USAHA KERAJINAN SANGKAR BURUNG PERKUTUT

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    Diah Arum Savitri

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were 1 analyzing the competitiveness, 2 analyzing the market size, 3 analyzing marketing strategies’ priorities and alternatives to improve the competitiveness of industry center of dove cage in Dawuhan Mangli Village, Jember Regency. The method used in this study was descriptive analysis. The analysis tools used in this study were Porter’s Diamond Theory, BCG (Boston Consulting Group, SWOT and AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process. Competitiveness analysis using diamond theory of Porter showed that industry center of dove cage handicraft in Dawuhan Mangli Village, Jember Regency is still weak. There are 9 components that have weaknesses while other 7 components have strengths. Market growth rate and relative market share formulated on BCG diagram are in the position of Question Marks, which means that the business has the opportunity to grow and expand but needs sufficient cash flow in order to increase its relative market. Based on SWOT and AHP analysis were obtained 7 marketing strategies with their priorities scales including: strengthening the capital, PSBP group formation, education and training, warehouse and workshop building, institutional formation of marketing and raw materials, increasing promotion, improving the quality and diversification of products. To enhance the industrial competitiveness of dove cage industry, development activities through strengthening the marketing and raw materials institution should be done.Keywords: competitiveness, marketing strategy, dove cage ABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah 1 menganalisis daya saing, 2 menganalisis market size, 3 merumuskan prioritas strategi pemasaran untuk sentra industri usaha kerajinan sangkar burung perkutut di Desa Dawuhan Mangli, Kabupaten Jember. Metode yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif. Analisis yang digunakan adalah Porter’s Diamond Theory, analisis BCG (Boston Consulting Group, SWOT, dan AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process

  1. Back to the future: ethnodevelopment among the Jalq'a of Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healy, K

    1992-01-01

    The story is told of how several Chilean anthropologists and Bolivian colleagues helped the Jalq'a people to revive their traditional handicrafts as a model for microregional development. The quest was initially undertaken to find out about "potolo" weavings. The Jalq'a people were found in numbers totaling 25,000 impoverished and with very high infant mortality rates, low incomes, and social disorganization. although the traditional woven dresses were still worn, the color combinations and motifs had lost their originality and precision. The story was told about how during the 1960s and 1970s the poor cash economy had forced people to sell their textiles to tourists and traders for lower than market value. Eventually it became apparent that there were no longer models of the traditional garments to inspire new generations. Upon the anthropologists arrival and inquiries, it was related that local interest to revive production of these native textiles was still there. The craft revival took root because of the interest in the people not just as artisans but as people, and rapport was established. The background of the anthropologists is related. A grassroots support organization (GSO) was formed to assist in economic development that was rooted in the life of the community. The pace was set by participants and a few women at first were trained in commercial production. A shaman was asked to conduct a ritual ceremony which involved calling upon the mountain deities, the Mallkus, to give them a sign. The Mallkus agreed the project was good and the Jalq'a must conserve their language and culture and textiles. New workshops were blessed in a similar way. In the first workshop the challenge was for the women to determine how to make the many strange animals that appeared in Jalq'a designs; a photographic archive was put together and the hand-dyed colors restored with some difficulty. The exhibit of the textiles after several years led to new respect for the Jalq'a and

  2. Los espacios del trabajo femenino en la Castilla del siglo XV

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    María Isabel del VAL VALDIVIESO

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El artículo parte del planteamiento de un marco general que atiende a los conceptos espacio público y espacio doméstico, y a algunos indicadores que permiten acceder a cómo eran percibidos esos ámbitos de actividad, y cómo quedaban asignados a ellos los distintos integrantes del conjunto social. A partir de ahí se estudia el trabajo femenino, que en parte se desarrolla en torno a la familia, pero que en muchas ocasiones se desliza hacia el espacio público, tanto en lo que respecta al mercado como al taller artesano. Se constata entonces que las mujeres están presentes en la gran mayoría de sectores y oficios, tanto dentro como fuera del hogar, dedicándose a las tareas de provisión y mantenimiento del hogar, comercio, artesanado, tareas agrícolas y servicios («hostelería », obras públicas, baños, etc.. Con ello se constata con más precisión la contribución de las mujeres a la construcción social y se observa la posibilidad que tienen de establecer redes de relación entre ellas.ABSTRACT: The article first outlines a general framework setting out the concepts of public space and domestic space, and establishes certain indicators which provide an insight into how these areas were viewed and how they were allocated to the various sectors that made up society. A study is then carried out of female work, which in part is centred around the family, but which moves towards the public domain, in both the market and craft workshops. Women are thus seen as being very much in evidence in the vast majority of sectors and trades, both inside the home and out, devoting themselves to the task of providing for and maintaining the home, trade, handicrafts, agricultural work and services («hostelry», public works, baths, etc.. A more accurate picture is thereby given of the contribution of women to the construction of society, and the possibility of their setting up networks of relations amongst themselves.

  3. An Integration between Baluch’s Costumes and Contemporary Iranian Woman: An Apparel on Aesthetics Elements

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    Nafiseh Alipour

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates costume fashion design of a specific Iranian group, specifically Baluch people. In this study, we have conducted a research to make an appropriated and functional association between modern daily fashion and Iranian local regional clothes as a social and cultural identity characteristic. There are some textile manufacturing industries in Iran, in which about 400,000 employees are working in different branches of production. Baluch’s history indicates that their traditional costume has been derived from Iranian fundamental designs. Baluch culture has long been settled in the East of Iran. Baluch people are among the few Iranian tribes who are committed to their local costumes. This study is a cross-sectional survey in which 100 volunteers filled out the 7-scale questionnaires throughout some social networks among Iranian adult women (Age: 30±0.5. We also gathered some information based on the literature review, observation and museums and exhibitions of handicrafts visits. In this study, we focused on Baluch ethnic costumes, and we studied some articles in this field to develop a practical method in observing and assessing the sample costumers. Our data analysis indicates that 32% of volunteers partially agree that they have tendencies to pick fashionable clothing, 34% of volunteers agree that they prefer to be unique, 33% of volunteers partially agree that the national identity is important when it comes to fashion, and 28% of them partially agree about the importance of local origin of fashion. These results also express that 36% of volunteers partially agree that the traditional Iranian costume is appealing to them, and 33% of them partially agree that traditional costumes are usable as contemporary clothing. Per foregoing features of Baluch costumes in aesthetic, social and cultural context, and obtained results and relevant statistical analysis, it seems that Baluch costumes aesthetical identity can be applied in

  4. Perspectives on scientific and technological literacy in Tonga: Moving forward in the 21st century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palefau, Tevita Hala

    Tonga has undergone complex changes in the last three decades. Disturbing numbers of young Tongans have inadequate knowledge in traditional science and technology, ill equipped to work in, contribute to and profit from our society. In short, they lack sufficient background knowledge to acquire the training, skills and understanding that are needed in the 21st Century. The purpose of this research is to assist the formulation of national science and technology curriculum. Hence, views of life in Tonga and opinions about Tonga's needs held by three stakeholder groups (traditional, workplaces, public) were paramount in this study. How these stakeholders see Tonga in terms of science and technology needs will contribute substantially to the Ministry of Education's decisions for this century. Based on critical evaluation of international literature and how scientific and technological literacy (STL) is crucial to Tongan society, a model 'TAP-STL' is established as study framework: 'TAP' for ṯraditional, a&barbelow;cademic and p&barbelow;ublic STL, to promote national development. This qualitative case study employs an interview method to collect data from twelve knowledgeable participants selected by reputational sampling from across the kingdom. By exploring their understanding of STL requirements, the study sought to identify any shortfall between the science and technology provided in school and that needed for maintenance of traditional culture, effective participation in Tonga's workplaces and public understanding. The study produced findings under these categories: understanding of traditional knowledge and skills needed to preserve Tongan cultural identity; understanding needed for fishing, handicrafts and everyday maintenance, together with essential health knowledge and skills; and required understanding of public information campaigns related to health, domestic goods, drugs and environment that contribute to responsible citizenship. The study identified

  5. Folk toys in Central Thailand: Product development for a creative economy

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    Wanna Pichetpruth

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Folk toys in Central Thailand are a part of local Thai local wisdom. Creative folk toys are a part of cultural heritage and Thai creative and sustainable economic development. So, this research aimed to study 1 the indigenous folk toys in central Thailand, 2 the toy production problems and solution guidelines, and 3 the toy product development for the creative economy. The study employed a qualitative research method. The target group consisted of the selected communities in Nonthaburi Province, Ayutthaya Province and Suphanburi Province and folk toy sources. The informants were: 15 folk toy enterprise presidents, government officers and local experts as the key informants, 45 folk toy enterprise members as the causal informants and 45 customers as the general informants. Data were collected by means of interview, observation, focus group discussion and workshop from field study. Qualitative data were analyzed by inductive analysis method with triangular verification and the research results were presented by a descriptive analysis method. The research results revealed that folk toys in Central Thailand were derived from local indigenous knowledge that was created and transmitted through the generations for at least 700 years. Most of the folk toys in Central Thailand were produced by natural, local and easily found materials, using natural colors. The beauty, styles and quality of natural and man-made children’s toys were based on parental competency. Moreover, creation of folk toys is a form of Thai handicraft. Thai people truly believe that toys are symbols of parental love and attention and the tools to build up children’s growth in terms of lifestyle and creative mind. The findings show that folk toys in Central Thailand are made of special soil, wood, bamboo, lan leaf, tan leaf and coconut shell. Folk toys are categorized in four groups: 1 fun toys, such as krataewien, explosive bamboo, king drum, nangkop drum, rhythm coconut shell

  6. KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS TUMBUHAN YANG BERGUNA SECARA LOKAL DI DESA BATU AMPAR, DI DEKAT KAWASAN HUTAN LINDUNG BUKIT RAJA MANDARA, KABUPATEN BENGKULU SELATAN (The Diversity of Locally Useful Plants in Batu Ampar Village Near Bukit Raja Mandara Protected

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiryono Wiryono

    2013-07-01

    as many as 83 species of plants for eight categories, namely food, followed by medicine, construction, firewood, fence and hedge, handycaraft, coloring agent and poison with 35, 30, 16, 9, fence and hedge 9, handicraft 9, coloring agent 1 and poison 1 species respectively. Fifty five of the plant species were taken from private land and 28 from forest. Economically, 54 species were used for the villagers’ own purpose, while 29 species were not only for their own use but also for sale.

  7. STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN USAHA KERAJINAN ENCENG GONDOK SEBAGAI PRODUK UNGGULAN KABUPATEN SEMARANG MENGGUNAKAN ANALISIS RANTAI NILAI

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    Nia Budi Puspitasari

    2013-02-01

    chain is known in producing handicraft water hyacinth. Stages of the research is to analyze the value chain as a whole, and then do a SWOT analysis, setting a strategy based on variables Diamond Porter, and the latter Critical Success Factor analysis to determine product success factors of water hyacinth. Keywords : hyacinth, value chain, SWOT, Porter's Diamond, CSF

  8. A multicenter, randomized controlled trial of individualized occupational therapy for patients with schizophrenia in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimada, Takeshi; Ohori, Manami; Inagaki, Yusuke; Shimooka, Yuko; Sugimura, Naoya; Ishihara, Ikuyo; Yoshida, Tomotaka; Kobayashi, Masayoshi

    2018-01-01

    The individualized occupational therapy (IOT) program is a psychosocial program that we developed to facilitate proactive participation in treatment and improve cognitive functioning and other outcomes for inpatients with acute schizophrenia. The program consists of motivational interviewing, self-monitoring, individualized visits, handicraft activities, individualized psychoeducation, and discharge planning. This multicenter, open-labeled, blinded-endpoint, randomized controlled trial evaluated the impact of adding IOT to a group OT (GOT) program as usual for outcomes in recently hospitalized patients with schizophrenia in Japanese psychiatric hospitals setting compared with GOT alone. Patients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to the GOT+IOT group or the GOT alone group. Among 136 randomized patients, 129 were included in the intent-to-treat population: 66 in the GOT+IOT and 63 in the GOT alone groups. Outcomes were administered at baseline and discharge or 3 months following hospitalization including the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia Japanese version (BACS-J), the Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale Japanese version, the Social Functioning Scale Japanese version, the Global Assessment of Functioning scale, the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory Japanese version (IMI-J), the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8 (MMAS-8), the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and the Japanese version of Client Satisfaction Questionnaire-8 (CSQ-8J). Results of linear mixed effects models indicated that the IOT+GOT showed significant improvements in verbal memory (p <0.01), working memory (p = 0.02), verbal fluency (p < 0.01), attention (p < 0.01), and composite score (p < 0.01) on the BACS-J; interest/enjoyment (p < 0.01), value/usefulness (p < 0.01), perceived choice (p < 0.01), and IMI-J total (p < 0.01) on the IMI-J; MMAS-8 score (p < 0.01) compared with the GOT alone. Patients in the GOT+IOT demonstrated significant improvements on the CSQ-8J

  9. Republic of China (Taiwan) [Status and technology of polymer-containing fibrous materials in the Eastern Hemisphere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Ung-Ping [Radioisotope Laboratory, Union Industrial Research Institute, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Taiwan (China)

    1968-10-15

    In Taiwan many kinds of wood and bamboo are abundantly produced in the mountainous areas (about 70% of the total land area) and sugar-cane is one of the main agricultural products in the plains. Before 1945 Taiwan was under the dominion of Japan and found markets for its timber chiefly on the Japanese mainland. By 1949 small amounts of products such as glued veneer and bagasse-board were being marketed, but both the mechanical strength and the water resistance of these products were very poor because of the low quality of the adhesive agents. In 1950, however, the adoption of urea-formaldehyde resin as an adhesive agent, improved these products remarkably and the plywood and bagasse-board industries developed steadily from this point on. Although the handicraft industry employing polymer-containing bamboo has advanced greatly in the last five years, its production is still on a small scale. It is the plywood industry which is the principal consumer of wood, bagasse and bamboo. This industry not only supplies domestic plywood consumption, but also produces 594 million square feet annually for export (1964) which earns the equivalent of 23 million US dollars. Because of the good dimensional stability and suitably large size of its product, the plywood industry has sharply increased its scale of production in the last twenty years. However, the utilization of plywood is limited because of the availability of many other wood products which require little processing, e. g. for house-building materials (beams or posts), indoor and outdoor furniture, sports equipment (skis, golf clubs, baseball bats, boating equipment, etc. ) and others. To meet the demand for improved properties in the above-mentioned commercial products and to develop the use of the abundant but less valuable types of wood and of bamboo and bagasse, the project of processing wood-, bamboo-, and bagasse-plastic combinations with gamma radiation has been under way since 1965 at the Union Industrial

  10. Maldives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-01

    This discussion of Maldives covers the following: geography; people; history; government and political conditions; the economy; foreign relations; and relations between the US and Maldives. In 1985, the population was estimated to be 181,453 and the annual growth rate 3.4%. The infant mortality rate is 81.5/1000; life expectancy is 53.5 years. Located in the northern Indian Ocean, Maldives is an island about 2.6 square kilometers, 670 kilometers southwest of Sri Lanka. Only about 200 of the 1200 islands are inhabited. Only 33 islands have more than 1000 inhabitants. The earliest settlers were most likely from southern India, followed by Indo-European speakers from Sri Lanka. Arab sailors came from East African and other countries. Today, Maldivian ethnic consciousness is a blend of these cultures. The early history of Maldives remains obscure. Independent for most of its history, the islands were ruled by Portugal from 1558-73 and were a British protectorate from 1887 until July 26, 1965. On November 11, 1968, the sultanate was abolished, and the country took its present name, Republic of Maldives. In 1968 Maldives became a republic with executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. Since 1981 the constitution has been in the process of revision. The economy is based on fishing, tourism, and shipping. Poor soil and limited availability of cultivable land limit agriculture to a few subsistence crops. Boatbuilding and handicrafts are the basis of traditional industry; modern industry is restricted to a few consumer products, a fish cannery, and 3 garment factories. Fishing employs about 45% of the labor force. Maldives experienced a balance-of-trade deficit of $37.9 million and a current-accounts deficit of $16.5 million in 1984. Government expenditure was $26.1 million (34% of the gross national product). Maldives, which follows a nonaligned policy, is committed to the principle of maintaining friendly relations with all countries and has friendly

  11. Safranbolu İlçesinde Yemeni Yapımı Kerchief Making In Safranbolu Sub-Province

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    Melda ÖZDEMİR

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In the study, it is aimed to search and document the fabrication ofthe kerchiefs which is finitely maintained today in Safranbolu subprovince.The information about the tools and instruments, fabricationphases of the kerchief coming from the manufacturer are explained bysupporting with photographs.One of those provinces is Safranbolu sub-province in the Blacksea Region. Safranbolu is the greatest and the most developed subprovinceof the Karabük Province. It is 200 km north of Ankara and 100km south of the Black Sea. It is 8 km north of the Karabük center.It becomes important the handcrafts and products whichdisappeared since they lost their functionalities or changed theirfunctions today before they completely disappear to document andconvey to the next generations.One of the most important areas of use of the leather is the shoemaking.The handmade shoe fabrication which was very separatein Anatolia and had common fabrication features before it was defeatedwith the mechanization; however, it is maintained in a few provinces bya few craftsmen.Handicrafts are the liveliest documents of a nation’s cultural personalitylike the folkloric arts. The art of leather that is one of the handicrafts has a veryimportant place in Turkish culture and art in terms of its technique, material,ornamentation, color and pattern. Turks have enormously contributed to thedevelopment and progression of the leather and art of leather in the world. Theleather samples which have been conveyed from generation to generation in themuseum, library and collections are very important since they indicate the highertechnical capacity, sense of art and creativity of Turks. Bu çalışmada Safranbolu ilçesinde günümüzde sınırlıda olsa sürdürülen yemeni üretimini incelemek ve belgelemek amaçlanmıştır. Yemeni yapımında kullanılan araç-gereç, üretim aşamaları hakkında üreticisinden sağlanan bilgiler, fotoğraflarla desteklenerek a

  12. Entrepreneurial inclinations of women from rural areas

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    Marković-Savić Olivera S.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Entrepreneurial inclinations of women from rural areas are shaped by the lack of business ideas and economic capital, which, in addition to financial resources, includes cultural capital in the form of knowledge and skills. The paper presents a part of a broader study on the social position of women from the rural areas of northern Kosovo and Metohija, conducted in 2013. The research was predominantly focused on entrepreneurial inclinations of rural women, and the findings suggest that private enterprise in the studied population is undeveloped as a result of two dominant reasons. The first reason is the situation which is unfavorable in terms of politics and security, and therefore, not conducive to investment security, together with the specificity in the form of complex administrative business conditions requiring compliance to parallel and mutually incompatible standards (of the Republic of Serbia and of the UNMIK administration. The second important reason for the lack of entrepreneurial initiatives is the lack of ownership of property and the means of production, since banks do not give loans without guarantees in the form of ownership of the mortgage, while other forms of financial incentives are unavailable. The respondents attended programs for acquiring new knowledge and skills only in a small number of cases, while showing the greatest susceptibility to education in traditional skills, such as training in agriculture and handicrafts, which are not the skills in line with the needs of the labor market. As the most important reasons that -prevent them from having their own business, the respondents -mentioned: the lack of ideas and the lack of financial resources. In this regard, they would find incentives in the form of grants most helpful to start their own business. The absence of funds and gender inequality form the basis for the lack of ownership of property and means of production. In addition to the shortage of financial

  13. Instrumentos de alfareros de la época Wari

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1993-01-01

    reconstrucción de procesos de producción vigentes en la época prehispánica. TOOLS OF POTTERS OF THE WARI CIVILIZATION. One of the essential characteristics of Wari's expansion was the exchange of handicraft goods complementing the existing tax system. If we observe its regional distribution pottery was one of the goods in this network of dominance/exchange typical of state formations. Despite of its importance, very little is known about the techniques and processes of pottery production in the Central Andes in general, and in the Middle Horizon in particular. In this paper, we describes the tools used in the pottery production in Conchopata and Aqo Wayqo, villages on the periphery of the capital of the Wari Empire. The paper also presents ethnographic information in order to compare techniques and tools currently used by potters in differents villages of Ayacucho with those found in the excavations, thereby contributing to the reconstruction of production processes in the pre-hispanic period.

  14. Perfil socioeconômico dos feirantes e consumidores da Feira do Produtor de Passo Fundo, RS Socioeconomic profile of farmers and consumers of the Passo Fundo farmer’s market, Rio Grande de Sul state, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio Carlos Rocha

    2010-12-01

    as, vegetables, fruits, grains, products of animal origin, and handicrafts. While most consumers ranged from 35 to 65 years of age, farmers tended to be between 40 and 55 years old. One-third of farmers had a familiar nucleus composed of up to three people and most had completed elementary school. Nearly 80% of farmers reported a monthly income of under 1,000 Brazilian Reais (R$, or roughly $620 US. Typical consumers of the Passo Fundo Farmer's market are of the middle to lower (B2, C and D social classes. Roughly 60% of them declared monthly incomes between 500 and 2000 R$ ($310-1240 US. The average consumption was R$ 25.94 farmer-1 ($16.11 US, with men's mean purchases (R$26.34 farmer-1, $16.41 US being slightly greater than for women (R$25.48 farmer-1, $15.83 US. Vegetables and fruits made up 59% of the items purchased by consumers.

  15. Uso da vegetação nativa pela população local no município de Ingaí, MG, Brasil Use of native vegetation by the local population in Ingaí municipacity, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rejane Tavares Botrel

    2006-03-01

    investigate the use of native vegetation resources by the local population. The survey was carried out, as a case study, in the urban and peripheral areas of Ingaí town. A sample of 17 inhabitants was interviewed using semi-structured questionnaires. The interviews allowed the classification of the plant species into four categories of use: medicinal, firewood, wood (for buildings and furniture, and miscellaneous uses (handicraft, food, tools, et cetera. Data analyses were performed through qualitative and quantitative (indices the Shannon diversity - H'- and Pielou evenness - J' descriptions. The principal use concordance (PUC, the correction factor (CF, and the corrected principal use concordance (PUCc were used to analysis the relative importance of the species indicated for medicinal use. Modes of use were ascribed to 144 collected and identified species, which were distributed into the following habits: trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers. The trade of native species exists in Ingaí, mostly to meet the demand for wood and fence posts. The species with the highest relative importance, in terms of PUC and PUCc values, were Ilex cerasifolia Reisseck and Solanum lycocarpum A. St.-Hil, suggesting a high potential for pharmacological studies. The local population holds a detailed knowledge of the native vegetation and uses this knowledge as a basis for a diversified utilisation of the flora, most of which intended only to subsistence purposes.

  16. Exploração e manejo do cipó-titica (Heteropsis spp. / Exploitation and management of the vine Heteropsis spp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos César Durigan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available ResumoAs espécies hemiepífitas do gênero Heteropsis produzem raízes aéreas que são conhecidas na Amazônia brasileira como cipó-titica e titicão ou cipó timbó-açu, sendo fonte produtora de fibra de alto valor comercial, principalmente na fabricação de artesanatos e móveis. Essa matéria-prima é intensamente explorada de forma insustentável, tendo grande redução da disponibilidade desse recurso florestal, devido à diminuição ou extinção regional das plantas de cipó provocadas pelo inadequado manejo exploratório. Assim, alguns governos estaduais regulamentaram a conduta de manejo e exploração de cipós produtores de fibra, visando a sua manutenção e regeneração de suas raízes aéreas. Nesse sentido, o presente trabalho buscou, na literatura geral e científica, as informações sobre o marco legal da exploração e o plano de manejo, a ecologia das espécies, as etapas ligadas ao manejo florestal, inventário, intensidade e ciclo de corte bem como os procedimentos de coleta e beneficiamento dessas plantas, que são conhecimentos atualmente consolidados com normatização em poucos estados da Amazônia. Apesar disso, as áreas que foram intensamente exploradas se fazem necessário o desenvolvimento da produção sustentável com novos estudos, visando recuperação dessas populações por meio de técnicas de multiplicação vegetativa, plantio e nutrição vegetal, agregando-os ao manejo ecológico dos indivíduos remanescentes na floresta.AbstractThe hemiepiphytes species of the genus Heteropsis produces aerial roots that are known in the Brazilian Amazon as “cipó-titica and titicão or timbó-açu, and are a source of fiber of considerable commercial value used primarily to manufacture handicrafts and furniture. This raw material has been heavily exploited and mismanaged. As the consequent depletion and regional extinction of the plant vines has greatly reduced its availability likely a forest resource. This

  17. State and perspectives in the sphere of marine waste: data from Russian Far East

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korshenko, Ekaterina; Tyurina, Elena; Kravchenko, Alla; Glotova, Elena; Sergeeva, Olesya; Korshenko, Alexander; Nesterova, Olga; Tregubova, Valentina; Semal, Viktoriia; Derbentseva, Alla; Purtova, Lyudmila; Kostenkov, Nikolay

    2016-04-01

    waste into furniture. Another company, Adidas, has developed a new design of running shoes made of plastic and fishing nets where the key point is waste-free production. Municipalities from different countries also began to take actions: in order to familiarize young people with environmental pollution, they hold workshops for the manufacture of handicrafts from marine litter. In Primorye since 2012 the Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection has hold similar workshops. Thus, to create decent living conditions for people, the use of natural resources must be highly efficient, that means their reuse and recycling. Of course, the solutions for the problem of marine waste proposed by companies and government can not solve this problem, but their actions in the sphere of recycling marine litter can become an example for other entrepreneurs.

  18. The Ismailis’ « War » against Qat in Harâz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peer Gatter

    2007-03-01

    generation included animal husbandry, beekeeping and handicraft schemes, complemented by irrigation projects, educational programmes and interest free loans for investments in other economic sectors. Even though the programme was hampered from its start by a severe drought, and in spite of the absence of governmental support, it resulted in a sharp reduction in the cultivation and consumption of qat and a significant diversification of the farmers’ economy. However, the project led also to rural-urban migration and abandoning agricultural lands. But despite its shortcomings, this project, unique in Yemen by its capacity of social mobilization, provides precious lessons on the political and economical constraints which bear on any attempt to develop in Yemen mountains an agriculture which would be free of qat.

  19. Teknik Pewarnaan Agel dengan Zat Warna Alam dari Daun Jati

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    Eustasia Sri Murwati

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKAgel (Corypha gebanga BL merupakan jenis tanaman yang banyak tumbuh di Indonesia dan telah dimanfaatkan oleh para perajin untuk dibuat menjadi berbagai jenis barang kerajinan bernilai ekonomis. Namun proses pewarnaan yang sering digunakan selama ini adalah pewarnaan menggunakan zat warna sintetis yang kurang ramah lingkungan. Hal ini terjadi karena masih banyak kendala dalam pewarnaan alam, salah satunya adalah warna yang didapatkan menjadi kusam. Untuk itu diperlukan penelitian teknik pewarnaan yang tepat untuk memperoleh hasil yang optimal. Daun jati dipilih menjadi bahan dasar zat warna alam karena jumlah yang melimpah di Indonesia, regenerasi yang cukup cepat dibandingkan bahan pewarna alam dari kayu, dan termasuk jenis zat warna yang memiliki afinitas besar terhadap serat selulose. Penelitian ini bertujuan memperoleh suhu, lama perendaman, dan proses mordan yang tepat untuk pewarnaan agel dengan zat warna alam dari daun jati. Metoda eksperimental dengan tahapan; penelitian bahan baku, uji kekuatan tarik sebelum dan sesudah diwarna, diproses mordan, diwarna dengan variasi suhu (60°C, 80°C, 100°C dan waktu pencelupan 30 menit, pengujian (ketahanan luntur warna terhadap cuci, gosok, dan sinar matahari, dan ketuaan warna. Hasil pengujian ketuaan warna pada suhu 100°C didapatkan warna paling tua (penyerapan optimal dengan %T (Transmitansi terkecil, suhu 80°C %T lebih tinggi dari pada suhu 100°C, dan pada suhu 60° C %T memiliki nilai tertinggi dengan warna kurang tua. Hasil pengujian ketahanan luntur warna terhadap cuci,gosok, dan sinar matahari baik. Sesudah pewarnaan tidak menurunkan kekuatan tarik.Kata kunci: agel, daun jati, ketuaan warna, suhu,warna alamABSTRACTAgel (Corypha gebanga BL grow widely in Indonesia and has been used by craftmen as material for various kinds of valuable handicrafts. However the coloring process of agel still use the staining with synthetic dyes that are less environmentally friendly. It is caused by

  20. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG DIPERTIMBANGKAN KONSUMEN DALAM PEMBELIAN KAIN DONGGALA DI KOTAMADYA PALU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benyamin - Parubak

    2012-05-01

    eksternal (nilai budaya dan faktor internal (persepsi dan sikap konsumen terhadap Kain Donggala. Hasil ini terkait erat dengan jenis produk yang diteliti yang penggunaannya terkait dengan aspek-aspek budaya dan psikologis konsumennya. Kata kunci: faktor-faktor yang dipertimbangkan, keputusan pembelian       ABSTRACT   The Donggala cloth is a traditional handicraft of the Kaili people of Central Sulawesi. The cloth is used for traditional ceremonies and daily activities. This industry has been developed to maintain the area's special characteristics as a national asset. The study was aimed at determining the factors considered by the local consumers in purchasing the Donggala cloth in the Palu, municipality and whether the factors influence the consumers purchasing decision. Purposive sampling and accidental sampling were used as the sampling methods. Purposive Sampling was used in determining the stores and industry centers offering the Donggala cloth, considering the many stores and industry centers offering the product. Accidental sampling was used in determining the samples. There were 153 respondents chose has samples. Factor analysis and multiple regression analysis were used as the analysis instruments. By factor analysis it was found that 7 factors, among the 15 variables selected from the 19 examining variables, were positively considered by consumers in purchasing the Donggala cloth. They were: (1 culture, economy and psychology; (2 life style; (3 quality; (4 promotion; (5 reference; (6 price; and (7 product.From those factors, multiple regression showed that the culture,  economy and psychology factors significantly influence (a = 1% the consumer purchasing decision. The result showed the significant factors which positively influenced the purchasing decision were both the internal and external factors. It seemed that the results were closely related to the examined product, of which the  utilization was closely related to its consumers culture and

  1. Conhecimento tradicional associado ao uso de butiás (Butia spp., arecaceae no sul do Brasil Traditional knowledge associated with the use of butia palm (Butia spp., arecaceae in the southern of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Valli Büttow

    2009-12-01

    . among the main uses of the butia palm related by the interviewers, the consumption of the fruit in natura, the juice production, liquors, jams, ice creams, cakes, candies and other desserts stand out. there are agro-industries producing natural butia palm juice as a new alternative to supplement the family income. Handicrafts are made with leaves and fruit pulp and sold in local fairs. this plant is also used as an ornamental in gardens and backyards. the interviewers recognize great variability among Butia fruits in terms of size, flavor, skin coloring, dehiscence and acidity. They report the intense interaction of birds and insects with the plant especially in the flowering and fruiting period. along with the maintenance of the traditional uses of the plant by the population, innovative products from butia palm are being developed. there is a considerable potential to expand the uses of the Butia plant, mainly in cooking, sweet production, jam, juice and liquor. the visited communities showed a relationship of affection and respect for the Butia palms.

  2. Building positive nature awareness in pupils using the "Rainforest of the Austrians" in Costa Rica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubrecht, Margit; Hölzl, Irmgard; Huber, Werner; Weissenhofer, Anton

    2013-04-01

    . RICANCIE's primary objective is the defense of the Kichwa territory against encroaching mining and oil companies. During computer lessons pupils drew brilliant rainforest cards using graphic software, and in handicraft lessons they engraved rainforest animals on wooden plates. These pieces of art were sold at the "open school day". For presenting the project to other pupils at the secondary school Hellmonsödt, a rainforest quiz contest was prepared. The winners' prize was a tropical fruit tasting. Another presentation was done at the Biology Center in Linz with research expert Dr. Huber in the audience. The culmination was reached by handing over the sales profit to Michael Schnitzler in order to purchase rainforest land the size of a football field. Compared to other teaching methods this interdisciplinary approach perfectly involved and motivated pupils. The resulting presentations proved very important, because the pupils wanted to assure other teenagers that individuals have opportunities to influence the fate of our world. The educationally sustainable nature of the project becomes apparent years later, when the pupils involved have left school, but still talk about the progress of the "Rainforest of the Austrians" in Costa Rica.

  3. Artisanat et gentrification rurale en France méridionale

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    Marc Perrenoud

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente une enquête de terrain menée depuis 2006 dans une zone rurale du Sud-Ouest de la France. Dans et autour du village médiéval de N., se sont produites depuis une quinzaine d'années des mutations socio-économiques importantes dont on verra dans quelle mesure on peut les identifier comme relevant d'un processus de gentrification rurale. En menant observations et entretiens semi-directifs auprès de différentes populations de travailleurs indépendants tels que les artisans du bâtiment, les métiers d'art ou les métiers de bouche, on montre les rapports entre l'inflexion du contexte économique, social et culturel et l'évolution des marchés locaux du travail. Dans ce paysage recomposé on montre en particulier le rôle central des enfants de « néo-ruraux », aujourd'hui trentenaires, installés comme charpentiers, potiers ou maraichers mais parfaitement équipés en capital culturel et social et à même de marier dans leur travail les registres de la création et de la production, de l'art et du métier, de la modernité et de l'authenticité.Rural handicrafts and gentrification in South of FranceThis paper presents a field study which started in 2006 in a rural area of South-West of France. In and around a medieval village (N. important socio-economical mutations have occured for about fifteen years and this paper will show how one can think of it as a process of rural gentrification. After many observations and interviews with several free lance workers like building contractors, creative craftsmen or people in the food business, we will discuss the relationship between mutations of the economical, social and cultural context and the local labor markets. In this new landscape, we stress especially the role of "back-tolanders" children, who are now in their thirties, have become carpenters, potters or vegetables growers but whose cultural and social capital perfectly fits into the local new deal, allowing them

  4. Sediment Budget Analysis and Hazard Assessment in the Peynin, a Small Alpine Catchment (Upper Guil River, Southern Alps, France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlier, Benoit; Arnaud-Fassetta, Gilles; Fort, Monique; Bouccara, Fanny; Sourdot, Grégoire; Tassel, Adrien; Lissak, Candide; Betard, François; Cossart, Etienne; Madelin, Malika; Viel, Vincent; Charnay, Bérengère; Bletterie, Xavier

    2014-05-01

    The upper Guil catchment (Southern Alps) is prone to hydro-geomorphic hazards. Major hazards are related to catastrophic floods, with an amplification of their impacts due to strong hillslope-channel connectivity as observed in 1957 and 2000. In both cases, the rainfall intensity, aggravated by the pre-existing saturated soils, explained the instantaneous response of the fluvial system, such as destabilisation of slopes, high sediment discharge, and subsequent damages to exposed structures and settlements present in the floodplain and at confluence sites. The Peynin junction with the Guil River is one of these sites, where significant land-use change during the last decades in relation to the development of handicraft and tourism economy has increased debris flow threat to population. Here, we adopt a sediment budget analysis aimed at better understanding the functioning of this small subcatchment. This latter offers a combination of factors that favour torrential and gravitational activity. It receives abundant and intense rainfall during "Lombarde" events (moist air mass from Mediterranean Sea). Its elongated shape and small surface area (15 km²) together with asymmetric slopes (counter dip slope on the left bank) accelerate runoff on a short response time. In addition highly tectonised shaly schists supply a large volume of debris (mostly platy clasts and fine, micaceous sediment). The objectives of this study, carried out in the frame of SAMCO (ANR) project, are threefold: Identify the different sediment storages; Characterise the processes that put sediment into motion; Quantify volumes of sediment storages. We produced a geomorphic map using topographic surveys and aerial photos in order to locate the different sediment storage types and associated processes. This analysis was made with respect to geomorphic coupling and sediment flux activity. In terms of surface area, the dominant landforms in the valley were found to be mass wasting, talus slopes and

  5. Gender roles and relationships: Implications for water management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peter, G.

    influence over decisions on high-income generating crops such as sugarcane. A majority of women did demonstrate influence in the areas of key rainfed crops such as sweet potatoes and maize. The only area where women had full control was on grass used for making handicrafts. The implications for water resources management are that gender-blind decisions regarding the importance of irrigated crop production for household security may in fact remove decision-making capacity out of the hands of women so increasing the gendered-nature of food insecurity. At the same time, however, women household heads do show some influence in irrigated crop production and in high-value rainfed crop production. This suggests possibilities for in-building gender-neutral practices where high value crops are concerned.

  6. ERGONOMI PARTISIPASI DALAM MEMPREDIKSI TINGKAT KESEDIAAN UNTUK PERUBAHAN KUALITAS HIDUP KELUARGA TUKANG SAMPAH/ PEMULUNG

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    Helena J. Kristina

    2017-09-01

    Abstract Bintara – Bekasi is one area where garbage becomes a source of living for people staying in that area. There are approximately 200 families living in Bintara traditional material recovery site.  This facility is managed by 10 bosses, who rent  land to collect trash. Each boss manages 17 -20 families. Their main jobs are scavengers and trash collectors in the neighbourhood area. The type of this research is experimental research, because there are no available data yet so that data have to be created first. The result of this research can be used to develop innovation  in order to increase the quality of life of the trash collectors community.Total participants are 14 families who have been working as scavengers for more than 5 years  in Bintara. The first questionnaires were developed to measure attitude, intention and behavior to have a changing quality of life, based on the theory of reasoned action. The second questionnaires were developed to predict the level of knowledge, orientation and motivation of participants. The first part of education theme consisted of four modules: biopore absorption hole, making compost and local microorganism , handicraft from recycled materials and planting vegetable seed in  used plastic container. The second education materials are delivered into several scenarios, including:  together nurturing the material recovery site as the economic source of families, together nurturing the surrounding environment for the health of community, together maintaining good attitude (greet and respect each other, willingness to listen, eagerness to learn, willingness to cooperate, and openess,  occupational safety and health as well as the concept of separating organic and inorganic waste at the source. The implementation of these modules was quite successful because the participants were willing to follow the education process and participate actively.   Overall,  the attitude, intention and behavior  of the participants

  7. Avaliação das propriedades físicas e mecânicas do adobe (tijolo de terra crua Evaluation of physical and mechanical properties of adobe bricks

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    Andréa Aparecida Ribeiro Corrêa

    2006-06-01

    érios definidos na pesquisa como umidade adequada, estabilização com areia média (0,25-0,50 mm, utilização de "maromba", cuidados na produção e cura, resulta em tijolos de qualidade superior tanto em resistência como no aspecto estético, comprovando sua viabilidade como alvenaria na construção.Aim at verifying the feasibility of the adobe brick for housing construction, a research was carried out to evaluate the mechanical and physical characteristics of the material and to define production procedures and methods, establishing therefore the criteria to improve the product quality. The soil chosen was distrofic (Red Yellow Latosoil that is typical in south region of Minas Gerais State. Humidity levels and granulometric correction with medium sand (0.25-0.50mm were adopted according to Hernandez et al. (1983 and Pacheco & Dias Júnior (1990. The production followed two processes, one of them with compressed dirt blocks (CDB using manual press MCR-1 TECMOR, called as AP (23x11x5,0 cm and another handicraft wood mold brick called BTA size of the bricks are: BA (23x11x5.5 cm, CA (29x14x10 cm e DA (29x14x14 cm. After the manufacturing, the adobes were submitted to flexion and compression resistance tests, with weight, volume, density and humidity monitoring, in three drying distinct periods, which were ranged in seven, twenty-one and thirty-five days. After the adobes were placed in a close room, a shed and an unprotected place subject to weather changes. To analyze the data, a factorial design was used with four replications, with the use of the Tukey test at 5% of error level. The production of BTC did not present satisfactory results when compared with the production of BTA. The BA size presented the best results for compression and flexion resistance. The stabilization with medium sand in clay soils provides the production of adobes with minor contraction. The shed protection is ideal for the cure process. The resistance to compression achieved higher levels compared to

  8. EDUCAÇÃO SOCIOAMBIENTAL, HISTÓRIA ORAL E FORMAÇÃO DOCENTE: A construção de um projeto de ensino com pescadores

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    Juniele Rabelo Almeida

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo da proposta é refletir sobre a construção de um projeto de ensino para educação básica no entrecruzamento das dimensões metodológicas do trabalho com educação socioambiental e história oral. A prática e pesquisa em ensinode História pode integrar saberes escolares e comunitários – contribuindo para a formação de professores em nível superior e visando a melhoria da qualidade da educação pública. O escopo do conteúdo que será tratado no capítulo percorre a elaboração de ações educativas relacionadas à formação continuada de professores de História e alunos da educação básica em projetos de história oral (construção de roteiros, gravação de entrevistas e criação de acervos - história oral com pescadores artesanais de Itaipu – Niterói/RJ. Busca-se oportunidade para criação de ações educacionais preocupadas com as dimensões da educação socioambiental - contribuindo para o ensino de história e para prática docente na educação básica.   PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Educação socioambiental; história oral; formação docente.     ABSTRACT The purpose of the proposal is to reflect on the construction of a teaching project for basic education in the cross-linking of the methodological dimensions of work with socio-environmental education and oral history. The practice and research in History teaching can integrate school and community knowledge - contributing to the formation of teachers at a higher level and aiming at improving the quality of public education. The scope of the content that will be dealt with in the chapter covers the elaboration of educational actions related to the continuing education of History teachers and students of basic education in oral history projects (construction of scripts, recording of interviews and creation of collections - oral history with fishermen Handicrafts of Itaipu - Niterói / RJ. We seek an opportunity to create educational actions concerned with

  9. 15th and 16th Centuries Blue-White Ceramics: Comparison Of Ottoman, Safavid and Chinese Samples In The Style Context / 15 ve 16. Yüzyıl Mavi-Beyaz Seramikleri: Osmanlı, Safevi ve Çin Hanedanlığı Örneklerinin Üslup Bağlamında Karşılaştırılması

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    Sevcan ÖLÇER

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The Ottoman, Safavid and Chinese dynasties are the great civilizations that bridge the east and the west throughout history and turn cultural accumulations into a common synthesis with qualified art products. Particularly, in the 15th and 16th centuries, these states, which were dominant in Anatolia, Central Asia and the Far East, were in constant contact with each other for political or socio-economic reasons. Shortly, we can list these reasons as warfare, diplomatic gifts, artist shopping, and commercial movements through the Silk Road. Among these civilizations, artistic interactions that take place for various reasons arise, especially in small handicrafts such as weaving, mine, wood, glass and ceramics. Artistic interactions and styles between Ottoman, Safavid and Chinese dynasties, especially in blue-white ceramics, contain remarkable examples. The blue-white ceramics that started to develop in China since the 14th century were highly appreciated by the Safavids and the Ottomans. On the other hand, both countries have united their native and foreign styles in their regions in the 15th and 16th centuries, taking advantage of their pre-existing cultural heritage. In our work, firstly the blue-white ceramics and production centers produced by Safavids since its foundation were emphasized and the differences between the centers were explained. Afterwards, information about the Ottoman ceramics with red-pasty Milet ware and white-pasty blue-and-white first-century ceramics was given and the emerging styles of ironing originating from Iran or China were examined. In addition, the compositions of decors developed by the masters and artifacts are compared with each other in the axis of China, Safavid and Ottoman. [TR: Osmanlı, Safevi ve Çin Hanedanlıkları, tarih boyunca doğu ve batı arasında köprü kuran, nitelikli sanat ürünleriyle kültür birikimlerini ortak bir senteze dönüştüren büyük medeniyetlerdendir. Özellikle 15 ve 16. y

  10. AÇÕES EM EDUCAÇÃO AMBIENTAL: UMA CONTRIBUIÇÃO PARA O PROCESSO DE EMPODERAMENTO DA COMUNIDADE DE PEDRA BRANCA, SANTA TEREZINHA, BA

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    Bruna Moreno Lins

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado por professores e alunos da Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS conjuntamente com moradores da comunidade de Pedra Branca, organizado a partir de entrevistas abertas, de oficinas e palestras. A proposta contemplou a realização de ações de Educação Ambiental (EA onde a questão norteadora foi a geração e disposição de resíduos sólidos domiciliares, bem como sua reutilização para produção de peças artesanais. A análise das entrevistas nos permitiu formar uma ideia da visão de lixo da comunidade, que foi trabalhada através de oficinas e palestras, onde foi discutida a problemática do lixo em comunidades rurais, transmitidas informações sobre os processos de reciclagem e reutilização de materiais, e sobre consumo consciente. Novas ações em EA serão realizadas para dar continuidade aos trabalhos educativos, buscando reforçar as ações anteriores, bem como estimular as pessoas a se perceberem como parte integrante do meio ambiente. Palavras-chave: Extensão Universitária, Reutilização de Materiais, Educação para Sustentabilidade.   Environmental Education Actions: Contributions for the Empowerment of Pedra Branca Community, Santa Terezinha, Bahia Abstract: This work was carried out by students and professors of Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS with people from Pedra Branca village, Bahia State. The study was developed through open interviews, workshops and lectures. The project included environmental education actions on which the guiding question was the generation and disposal of solid waste in rural areas as well as their reuse for production of handicrafts. The interviews analysis allowed us to form an idea about the vision of trash in the community, which was covered in the workshops and lectures on which we discussed the problem of waste in rural communities and transmitted information about the recycling process and conscious consumption. News actions

  11. PENGARUH VARIABEL-VARIABEL MOTIVASI TERHADAP PRODUKTIVITAS TENAGA KERJA KARYAWAN PADA INDUSTRI RUMAH TANGGA DI KABUPATEN SIDOARJO

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    Sundring Pantja Djati

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The research was carried out to find the effect of motivation variables such as physical need, safety and labor need, social need, self-esteem need, and actualization need on the productivity of workers at home industries in Sidoarjo region. This research also intended to find which variables mostly affect that productivity. I used the primary data which was derived form a survey on 40 respondents of home industries located at 4 local districts in Sidoarjo region: Tanggulangin, Candi, Buduran and Waru. The technique of data collecting used in this research wan Non Proportional Satisfied Random Sampling. Validity and reliability analysis was used to test the validity and reliability technique. Double linear regression was used as an analysis model. This model was chosen because this research intended to find to that extend independent variables affect dependent variables. This research indicated that motivation variables such as physical need, safety need, labor safety need, social need, self-esteem need and actualization need together showed a significant effect on the productivity of worker at home-industries in Sidoarjo. Partial and simultaneous analysis both indicated that, among those variables, physical both indicated the strongest influence, especially at Candi region. This was in line with the type of industry in that region that is "tempe" (soybean cake industry. This industry offers lower payment/wages compared with other industries which produce bags, suitcases, shoes and other leather handicraft. The result of calculation for all the district as well as for each district indicated that self-actualization variables did not al all affect the productivity of workers. This was indicated by the regression coefficient value and the low T value which conformed to the theory that self-actualization need is the last-fulfilled need after the other four needs. This condition was supported by the low education level of the workers which approved

  12. Anatomía y usos de las hojas maduras de tres especies de Sabal (Arecaceae de la Península de Yucatán, México

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    Martha Pérez

    2003-06-01

    superficie abaxial sólo están los haces de fibras y hacia la superficie adaxial hay haces vasculares y haces fibrosos. Las fibras, en las tres especies son alargadas, de extremos aguzados, no ramificadas ni septadas. En los haces vasculares se observan de uno a tres vasos amplios del metaxilema, siendo S. yapa la que los tiene de mayor diámetro. Los haces vasculares están rodeados por gruesas vainas de fibras. El pecíolo tiene una estructura anatómica similar a la de la lámina y se caracteriza por los numerosos haces vasculares y haces de fibras esparcidos en el tejido parenquimatoso. La estructura histológica de lámina y pecíolo reflejan cualidades de resistencia y flexibilidad que las hacen adecuadas para ser utilizadas en el techado de viviendas rurales y otras construcciones.This paper describes the leaf anatomy of Sabal mauritiiformis (Karst. Griseb. & H. Wendl., Sabal mexicana Mart. and Sabal yapa Wright ex Becc., three of the four most representative species of the Yucatán Península, in Mexico. These species are locally used: in the roofing of traditional homes, as food (fruits and apical buds, and in the production of hats, brooms and handicrafts. Leaf samples were collected in secondary growth of lower montane rainforest in the state of Quintana Roo and in two home gardens in the state of Yucatán. Herbarium samples were obtained, and samples of blade and petiole were fixed in formaline-acetic acid-alcohol. Cross incisions were made on the blade and petiole, and were dyed with safranin and toluidine blue O.The results show that S. mauritiiformis and S. yapa are morphologically alike: both are tall, slim palm trees; the leaf in S. mauritiiformis is a shorter palm-like structure compared with the other two species. The shape of the main nerve, as seen in cross section, is rectangular in the three species. The hastula in the three species is acuminate and adaxial. The foliar anatomic structure is similar in the three species, although there are some

  13. Çan Yöresi Geçiş Dönemi Uygulamalarından Olan Evlenme Ritüelleri Üzerine On the Marriage Rituals of Transition Period Traditions in Çan District

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    Hamdi GÜLEÇ

    2012-09-01

    place in folk cultural morals. In the Çan villages, which are the farthest settlements of Çan, even today we can see that Folklore works keep their dynamism and survive. Each of the folklore and their elements that are saved today will build up cultural heritage of the future (Güleç and Türker 2002, 1334.From folk songs to lullabies, public beliefs to death traditions, handicrafts to people’s meteorology, folklore searches all the values that direct the folk’s moral and material life. In the modern digital world, there has been a massive effect of electronics on our moral and material lives. Although there are some last remains, cultural elements should be gathered together, protected, and searched scientifically. Folkloric creations will survive today and tomorrow as they survived in the past and they will never die out. In this study, the marriage rituals belonging to the region among the transition periods of Folklore creations in Çan district have been studied through evaluating them. It has been seen that the traditions and beliefs about marriage in Çan district have scarce sings of old Turkish beliefs, but they have been shaped by the affect of Islamic culture. Çan, Çanakkale’nin en gelişmiş ilçelerinden biridir. İlçenin kuruluş tarihi, kesin olarak tespit edilememiştir. Şehir ve çevresinde antik çağlara ait kalıntılara da rastlanılmıştır. Roma döneminde Çan yöresi Sergis olarak adlandırılıyordu. Çan yöresi XIV. Yüzyılda Osmanlı topraklarına katılmıştır. Önceleri Biga sancağına bağlı bir nahiye merkezi sonraları ise 1945 yılında Biga’dan ayrılarak Çanakkale’ye bağlı bir ilçe merkezi olmuştur. İlçe toprakları genellikle engebeli bir yapı gösterir. İlçe yüzölçümünün %62’si orman, % 32’si tarım arazisi, % 3’ü mera ve yerleşim alanlarıdır. Çan ilçesinin tabanı volkanik ve sedimanter oluşumundadır. İlçe, maden bakımından çok zengindir. İlçede genellikle Akdeniz

  14. The Crimea and Rum in the 13th–14th centuries: The Anatolian Diaspora and Urban Culture of Solkhat »

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    Mark Kramarovsky

    2016-01-01

    , including those in the Crimea, the so called ‘minor migration’ was the second and, most probably, the main reason that the Seljuk ‘inoculation’ worked in the culture of the Islamic city communities. As to the materialistic component of life, the Seljuk influence can be traced in almost all the kinds of building and handicraft activities. The core of the Islamic Solkhat was formed between the first third of the fourteenth century and the second half of the fifteenth century. Its centre was the architectural ensemble of a madrasa and ‘the Mosque of Uzbek’, which was rebuilt on a new site. The new ‘Mosque of Uzbek’ repeated the portal, the mirhab and the main elements of the arcade of the original one, dating back to 1314. The mosque was obviously rebuilt closer to the Northern wall of the madrasa (built in the first third of the fourteenth century in the late fifteenth century. In 1332–1333 Injebek Khatun, the mother of the Mongol ruler of the city, ordered and sponsored a new madrasa with four iwans and a portal of the Asia Minor style. The three-dimensional decorations of the mosque and the madrasa, including the two-level structure of the capitals, belong to the same tradition. Besides its didactical function, madrasa also served as a muvakkithane, that is, it was responsible for keeping prayer times. The Seljuk ceramics of Solkhat is represented by a series of glazed ceramics with under-glaze sgrafitto drawing. The most interesting finding is a bowl dating back to the first half of the fourteenth century. It shows a scene of a feast, where all the characters are exaggeratedly young, courageous and equal in their positions at the feast. The most natural idea is that they must be members of an association of young men who were called the fityan (sg. fata – ‘young man’, ‘youth’ in the Near East. Since the ninth century the fityan clubs were called futuwwa (‘young-manliness, chivalry. The ideas and the rites of the fityan penetrated Asia Minor