WorldWideScience

Sample records for hamburg federal republic

  1. HAMBURG ENERGIE makes biogas plants fit for the balancing energy market; HAMBURG ENERGIE macht Biogasanlagen fit fuer den Regelenergiemarkt

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Timmann, Bernd [HAMBURG ENERGIE, Hamburg (Germany). Direktvermarktung und Regelenergie; Bettinger, Carola [HAMBURG ENERGIE, Hamburg (Germany). Forschungsprojekt SMART POWER HAMBURG

    2013-04-15

    HAMBURG ENERGIE GmbH (Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany) bundles 40 biogas plants with a total capacity of 15 megawatts to a virtual power plant. Thus, also small, decentralized plants may offer negative balancing power and achieve additional profits that were previously available only to large producers. In the medium term, HAMBURG ENERGIE wants to place a performance of 150 MW on the market.

  2. Location for new research facility determined X-ray laser XFEL to be realized in the federal states of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein starting in 2006

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    "...The site for the XFEL has now been determined by the research center DESY (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron); it was announced today at a press conference in Hamburg. The 3.3-kilometer-long facility is to be located in the federal states of Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein. It will begin on the DESY site in Hamburg-Bahrenfeld and run in a north-western direction to the town of Schenefeld (district of Pinneberg), which borders on Hamburg" (1 page).

  3. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia : Options for Strengthening Land Administration

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    Over the coming decades, land policy and administration, for urban as well as rural areas, will be critical for Ethiopia's development. The vast majority of people making up the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia's (FDRE) predominantly agricultural economy live in rural areas. Finally, land policies and administration can contribute significantly to the objectives of promoting gender ...

  4. Young People's Literature in the Federal Republic of Germany Today.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pribic, Rado

    1981-01-01

    Notes that major trends and characteristics of youth literature in the Federal Republic of Germany today are reflected in best selling books dealing with one of the following topics: terrorism; minorities and other outsider groups; the career world; and personal psychological conflicts intertwined with social issues. (MKM)

  5. BOSNIA AND CROATIA IN SOCIALIST FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA: INSTITUTIONAL PROBLEMS OF AN ETHNIC FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    О. G. Kharitonova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the disintegration of Yugoslav statehood focusing on institutional problems of ethnic federation. The author describes the main factors of the collapse of the Yugoslav Federation and the emergence of independent Bosnia and Croatia: economic inequality between republics, economic nationalism, the weakening of the center and the communist party fragmentation.

  6. Solar technology in the Federal Republic of Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    A series of papers dealing with the status of solar research and development in the Federal Republic of Germany are presented at a conference in Greece with the object of promoting international cooperation in solar energy utilization. The reports focus on solar collector designs, solar systems, heat pumps, solar homes, solar cooling and refrigeration, desalination and electric power generation. Numerous examples of systems produced by German manufacturers are illustrated and described, and performance data are presented.

  7. Russian Image on the Federal Republic of Germany Screen

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander Fedorov

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzed the image of Russia in the screen mirror of the Federal Republic of Germany for: determine the place and role of the image of the USSR and the Russian and Soviet / Russian characters in the movies from the beginning of the postwar German ideological confrontation to 1991 (the collapse of the Soviet Union) as compared with the trends of the modern era (1992 – present); identify political, ideological, social and cultural contexts, the main stages of development, concept...

  8. 31 CFR 586.304 - Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia & Montenegro); FRY (S&M).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (Serbia & Montenegro); FRY (S&M). 586.304 Section 586.304 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA & MONTENEGRO) KOSOVO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 586.304 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia & Montenegro); FRY (S&M). The term Federal Republic of Yugoslavia...

  9. 31 CFR 585.313 - Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro); FRY (S&M).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (Serbia and Montenegro); FRY (S&M). 585.313 Section 585.313 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO) AND BOSNIAN SERB-CONTROLLED AREAS OF THE REPUBLIC... Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro); FRY (S&M). The term Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro...

  10. 31 CFR 586.306 - Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). 586.306 Section 586.306 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA & MONTENEGRO) KOSOVO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 586.306 Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). The term Government of the Federal...

  11. [Leucotomy in the early Federal Republic of Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rzesnitzek, L

    2017-08-28

    Leucotomy was introduced in 1936 in Europe as a therapy for mental illness. With the end of World War II leucotomy was also introduced in the early Federal Republic of Germany. Leucotomy was applied in cases of, for example schizophrenia, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorders or even some psychopathic disorders. The operations were carried out in neurosurgical departments outside psychiatric hospitals or patients were also transferred to those which had been established in psychiatric and neurological clinics. Based on published conference reports, retrospective case reports, dissertations as well as representative samples from medical files, the use of leucotomy in West Germany until the early 1950s is presented. It becomes obvious that the introduction of leucotomy in West German post-war psychiatry was encouraged by American psychiatry and neurosurgery.

  12. H.E. Professor Dragoljub Popovic, Ambassador to Switzerland of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    H. E. Professor Dragoljub Popovic, Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to Switzerland, visiting the ATLAS cavern. From left to right: Dr Torsten Akesson, Deputy Spokesman of the ATLAS experiment; H. E. Professor Dragoljub Popovic; Mrs Simone Hajos, Project Engineer, LHC civil engineering; Dr Peter Adzic, Chairman of the Committee of the Republic of Serbia for relations with CERN.

  13. 31 CFR 585.414 - Services performed in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) or by the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) or by the Government of the FRY (S&M). 585.414 Section 585... FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO... Interpretations § 585.414 Services performed in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) or by...

  14. Supplying the Federal German Republic with mineral raw materials in the light of current political developments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sames, W.; Wellmer, F.W. (Bundesministerium fuer Wirtschaft, Bonn-Duisdorf (Germany, F.R.))

    1980-08-01

    The article is the first in a series of contributions which will provide an in-depth study of raw materials policy and the economics of raw materials as viewed from the Federal Republic of Germany. The supply situation of the Federal Republic of Germany is sketched for the major mineral raw materials. Subjects: Raw materials availability and supply risks; developing countries making increased efforts to refine raw materials; raw materials reserves in the USSR and USA; the leading position of the USSR as a raw materials producer; low dependence of the Federal Republic of Germany on COMECON countries for raw materials; dependence on industrialized nations; securing of raw materials supplies by bilateral agreements; assistance with raw materials development and production in the ACP states (a group of African, Caribbeau and Pacific countries).

  15. Zur Soziolinguistik in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Sociolinguistics in the Federal Republic of Germany)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jachnow, Helmut

    1975-01-01

    Traces the history of sociolinguistic studies in West Germany from the early nineteenth century with Humboldt and reports on the state and purposes of sociolinguistic studies in present-day Federal Republic of Germany. Available from Liber Laeromedel, Box 1205, S-22105 Lund, Sweden (Text is in German.) (TL)

  16. The Right to Education: The Case of the Federal Republic of Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hufner, Klaus

    This paper investigates the extension of educational rights to girls, working class children, and the children of migrant workers in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). The first section discusses the theoretical basis of affirmative action in West Germany, legal provisions for attaining equality in education, and basic features of the West…

  17. Teaching German as a Second Language in Germany: Bilingualism in the Federal Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hullen, Werner

    1981-01-01

    Examines the bilingual situation in the Federal Republic of Germany where members of a foreign minority, while striving to preserve their own national identity, are compelled to learn another language in order to assimilate into the cultural system of the new homeland. The problems for migrant workers, specifically, are treated. (Author/PJM)

  18. Persistent pollutants in the white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) in the Federal Republic of Germany

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koeman, J.H.; Hadderingh, R.H.; Bijleveld, M.F.I.J.

    1972-01-01

    A study was made of the possible relationship between persistent pollutants and the decline in reproductive success of the White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Schleswig Holstein, Federal Republic of Germany. Chemical analyses were made of Eagle's eggs, of one adult Eagle which was found

  19. The Russian Federation Islamic Republic of Dagestan: Curricular Decentralization, Social Cohesion, and Stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eaton, Jana Sackman

    2005-01-01

    This article focuses on the curricular decentralization-sociopolitical stability nexus in the predominantly Muslim Russian Federation Republic of Dagestan, adjacent to war-torn Chechnya. Concomitant with the metamorphoses taking place in the economic and political sectors of society is the overhaul of institutionalized education. A major reform…

  20. Hamburger hazards and emotions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Nina Veflen; Røssvoll, Elin; Langsrud, Solveig

    2014-01-01

    Previous studies indicate that many consumers eat rare hamburgers and that information about microbiological hazards related to undercooked meat not necessarily leads to more responsible behavior.With this study we aim to investigate whether consumers’ willingness to eat hamburgers depends...... on the emotions they experience when confronted with the food. A representative sample of 1046 Norwegian consumers participated in an online experiment. In the first part, participants were randomly divided into two groups. One group was confronted with a picture of a rare hamburger, whereas the other group...... was confronted with a picture of a well-done hamburger. The respondents were instructed to imagine that they were served the hamburger on the picture and then to indicate which emotions they experienced: fear, disgust, surprise, interest, pleasure, or none of these. In part two, all respondents were confronted...

  1. Hamburger hazards and emotions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Nina Veflen; Røssvoll, Elin; Langsrud, Solveig; Scholderer, Joachim

    2014-07-01

    Previous studies indicate that many consumers eat rare hamburgers and that information about microbiological hazards related to undercooked meat not necessarily leads to more responsible behavior. With this study we aim to investigate whether consumers' willingness to eat hamburgers depends on the emotions they experience when confronted with the food. A representative sample of 1046 Norwegian consumers participated in an online experiment. In the first part, participants were randomly divided into two groups. One group was confronted with a picture of a rare hamburger, whereas the other group was confronted with a picture of a well-done hamburger. The respondents were instructed to imagine that they were served the hamburger on the picture and then to indicate which emotions they experienced: fear, disgust, surprise, interest, pleasure, or none of these. In part two, all respondents were confronted with four pictures of hamburgers cooked to different degrees of doneness (rare, medium rare, medium well-done, well-done), and were asked to state their likelihood of eating. We analyzed the data by means of a multivariate probit model and two linear fixed-effect models. The results show that confrontation with rare hamburgers evokes more fear and disgust than confrontation with well-done hamburgers, that all hamburgers trigger pleasure and interest, and that a consumer's willingness to eat rare hamburgers depends on the particular type of emotion evoked. These findings indicate that emotions play an important role in a consumer's likelihood of eating risky food, and should be considered when developing food safety strategies. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. The Federal Republic of Germany and Left Wing Terrorism

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-12-01

    Berlin mayor in the upcoming election. The kidnappers demanded and secured the release of four of their imprisoned comrades and Horst Mahler from...also the world order which it described as capitalist, fascist, and repressive. Horst Mahler , stated as his trial that “[t]he imperialist system...terrorism. The Federal Frontier Protection Force was extended to supplement the existing police force. Faced with this growing threat, in the 1970s Horst

  3. Hamburg kui hiiglaslik ehitustander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    6. novembrist Eesti Arhitektuurimuuseumis Rotermanni soolalaos näitus "arcHH - Architektur made in Hamburg", mis esitleb Hamburgi arhitektide viimase viie aasta loomingut. Näituse koostaja Dirk Meyhöfer, arhitekt Michael Karassowitch

  4. American cinema and the construction of masculinity in film in the Federal Republic after 1945.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leal, Joanne

    2012-01-01

    Since 1945, film in the Federal Republic has maintained an ambivalent relationship to American cinema and its embedded ideologies and nowhere is this more evident than in (West) German film's representations of masculinity. This article focuses on three historical moments when political and social shifts resulted in a problematising of male identities in the Federal Republic: the mid-1950s, the early 1970s and the late 1990s. Cinema responded to a perceived destabilisation of gender norms by exploring constructions of German masculinity in relation to the ambivalently received models of male identity offered by American cinema. With a detailed analysis of three specific examples – Georg Tressler's Die Halbstarken (1956), Rainer Werner Fassbinder's Der amerikanische Soldat (1970) and Fatih Akin's Kurz und schmerzlos (1998) – this article investigates the manner in which German cinema engages with these competing conceptions of masculinity and demonstrates the ways in which divergent understandings of gender identity can impact on representations of national and ethnic identity.

  5. Paramilitaries in the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia: Effects on the Peace Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-20

    Slaughterhouse : Bosnia and the Failure of the West examines the war in Bosnia shortly after the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords.21 He criticizes the...individual republics secede from the federation. He 21David Rieff, Slaughterhouse : Bosnia and the Failure of the West (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1996... Slaughterhouse , 131. 112Hoare, How Bosnia Armed, 2004, 75. 113Ibid., 98-99. 39 with

  6. Stabilization and Structural Reform in the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic; First Stage

    OpenAIRE

    Bijan B. Aghevli; Eduardo Borensztein; Tessa Van der Willigen

    1992-01-01

    On January 1, 1991, the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic launched a comprehensive reform program designed to establish a market economy. This paper charts the progress of the reform program in the context of Czechoslovakia's prewar history as a major industrial power, its subsequent slow economic decline under Communism, and its recent integration into the world economy following the collapse of the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance.

  7. Study the Attitude, Knowledge and Experience of Coaches of Karate Federation Islamic Republic of Iran toward Sport Psychology Counseling

    OpenAIRE

    Shahnaz Sheikh Rahmati; Seyyed Mohiadin Bahari; Pejman Ahmadi

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was study the attitude, knowledge and experience of coaches of Karate Federation Islamic Republic of Iran toward sport psychology counseling. For this purpose, 150 official coaches (75 women and 75 men) of karate Federation of Islamic Republic of Iran who had grade 1 and 2 of certified coach and had participated in the senior Championships of Iran, championship adolescents of young people and under 21 years, national team qualifiers and teams participating in premier...

  8. Study the Attitude, Knowledge and Experience of Coaches of Karate Federation Islamic Republic Of Iran toward Sport Psychology Counseling

    OpenAIRE

    Shahnaz Sheikh Rahmati; Seyyed Mohiadin Bahari; Pejman Ahmadi

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was study the attitude, knowledge and experience of coaches of Karate Federation Islamic Republic of Iran toward sport psychology counseling. For this purpose, 150 official coaches (75 women and 75 men) of karate Federation of Islamic Republic of Iran who had grade 1 and 2 of certified coach and had participated in the senior Championships of Iran, championship adolescents of young people and under 21 years, national team qualifiers and teams participating in premier...

  9. International migration and ethnic minorities: new fields for post-war sociology in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilpert, C

    1984-01-01

    A review of studies concerning international migration and the development of ethnic minorities in the Federal Republic of Germany is presented. "This review will emphasize primarily the sociological literature in the Federal Republic of Germany in the context of developments since 1960. In addition to a discussion of the key issues and concepts employed, empirical research in the areas of social problems, housing and urban questions, education, the second generation, and return migration, among others, will be treated." (SUMMARY IN FRE) excerpt

  10. Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of metropolitan Hamburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krüger, A; Börstler, J; Badusche, M; Lühken, R; Garms, R; Tannich, E

    2014-08-01

    In Europe, mosquito-related public health concerns are growing due to the increasing spread of invasive mosquito species and the recent emergence of mosquito-borne arboviruses. A vital backbone in the assessment of these issues is detailed knowledge of the mosquito fauna, i.e. regional mosquito inventories. It was therefore decided to intensify nationwide investigations on the occurrence and distribution of mosquitoes in Germany in order to update old records and to detect possible faunal changes. This paper is focussing on a densely populated metropolitan region, the federal state of Hamburg and its adjacent environs, taking two historical baseline inventories into consideration, spanning almost 100 years of mosquito research in Hamburg. In the period between 2010 and 2014, more than 10,000 juvenile, neonate and adult mosquito specimens were sampled and trapped at 105 sites in Hamburg and its environs, of which about 60% have been identified to species level, resulting in a total of 33 recorded species. Of these, Anopheles algeriensis, Culex modestus, Ochlerotatus caspius, Ochlerotatus nigrinus and Ochlerotatus sticticus are new to the area. The most common species in Hamburg are Culex pipiens/torrentium and Ochlerotatus annulipes/cantans. In contrast, two previously common species, Anopheles atroparvus and Ochlerotatus excrucians, were not detected. Despite substantial environmental changes due to reconstruction, urbanisation and renaturation in the Hamburg metropolitan region in recent decades, there has been remarkably little change within the mosquito fauna during the last century.

  11. Performance of biomass in the Federal Republic of Germany; Was kann die Biomasse in Deutschland leisten?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Faulstich, M.; Greiff, K. [Sachverstaendingenrat fuer Umweltfragen, Berlin (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    Since several years, the climate protection gains in importance in the environmental policy. Energy from biomass is the most important theme in the area of renewable energy. Under this aspect, within the scope of the 3rd symposium ''Processes and materials for energy technologies'', held between 20th and 21st June, 2007, at the ATZ Entwicklungszentrum in Sulzbach-Rosenberg (Federal Republic of Germany), the authors report on the performance of biomass in the Federal Republic of Germany according to the utilization of energy. The authors describe the chances as well as the limits of the utilization of biomass by means of the manifold different possibilities of utilization and the resulting demand of biomass. This is compared with the potential of biomass in Germany. Furthermore, the authors report on the actual and prospective political targets concerning the use of biomass. The energetic utilization of biomass is an important component in the climate protection. All energetic utilizations such as electric current, thermal energy and fuel are to be aspired. The actual promotional measures insufficiently consider the different efficiencies and contributions to the climate protection so that the biomass is not utilized optimally. Over the medium term, as much as possible, success promising technologies of conversion have to be promoted with respect to development and market interpenetration. Over the long term, the German Advisory Council on the Environment (Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany) recommends the issue trade as a controlling instrument in order to guarantee that only such technologies are promoted which have the greatest utility economically as well as ecologically.

  12. Spatial and temporal variation of sunshine in the Federal Republic of Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, G.-R.

    1990-03-01

    The annual amount of sunshine during the 37-year period from 1951 through 1987 has been analyzed for 54 stations in the Federal Republic of Germany. Sunshine generally decreased during this period over the eastern half of the country and in the central German hills. For some stations, the loss amounts to more than 300 hours per year, more than 18% of total received sunshine. Mountain tops in the central German hills show the greatest decline; this may result from increased cyclonic episodes over Central Europe. The decrease in sunshine over central and northeastern Germany was not accompanied by increased precipitation, or by number of days of precipitation.

  13. Comparative geopolitical analysis of “hotspots” in the Russian federation and in the Republic of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuković Nebojša

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Russian Federation and the Republic of Serbia have experienced internal challenges to their own unity and coherence for a long time. This work represents the analysis of these challenges, which can be defined, geopolitically speaking, as “hotspots”. Relying on the observations of Russian political scientists, the author of this work analyzed the so-called “crisis potential” in four “hotspots” in the Russian Federation. In the Republic of Serbia, five areas are marked that emit instability and jeopardise (or can jeopardise its unity, peace and prosperity. Certain similarities are found between the compared “hotspots”, and differences as well. The region of North Caucasus is marked as the most dangerous “hotspot” in the Russian Federation, which has not been completely solved yet by the Russian federal authorities, due to the constant terrorist attacks. The purpose of the attacks is to extort from Russia the withdrawal from the area and create conditions for the political independence. The author found a geopolitical analogy to the North Caucasus “hotspot” (Chechnya in the Republic of Serbia on the territory of Kosovo and Metohija. In the conclusion, it is stated that, at present, disparate geopolitical processes are taking place in the two countries - the Federal Centre is strengthening in the Russian Federation and the Federal Subjects are losing their attributes of statehood, whereas in the Republic of Serbia, the centrifugal tendencies are gaining prominence that can completely fragment it.

  14. Research in the Federal Republic of Germany. Forschung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Beispiele, Kritik, Vorschlaege

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, C.

    1983-01-01

    This book is about research and, consequently, researchers. It shows the kinds of questions they ask themselves, how they solve them and how they use the results. A great deal of discussion is going on about research in the Federal Republic of Germany: the aims, the promotion measures, the quality of research by international standards and the yield in proportion to the expenditure. Are we doing enough research. What inner and outer conditions will best ensure the prosperity of research. This book is a plausible attempt to provide the discussion with a solid basis: in it scientists report their experiences, presenting, in a manner of speaking, a piece of their scientific autobiography, because that is most likely to throw a light on the multifariousness, complexity and, often enough, unpredictability of events, influences, thoughts and motives which finally bring about their scientific achievement in the form of results and effects. This book has the merit of giving a voice to men of the arts and of the sciences and to the engineering community as well. Successful research, today, always carries an aspect of associating diverging scientific domains. Yet it does not try to give a comprehensive view of research in the Federal Republic of Germany, but limits itself instead to examples. Each of them is illustrative in a particular way. In their totality, they convey a unique picture of the scientific culture of the present.

  15. Brine migration test report: Asse Salt Mine, Federal Republic of Germany: Technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Coyle, A.J.; Eckert, J.; Kalia, H.

    1987-01-01

    This report presents a summary of Brine Migration Tests which were undertaken at the Asse mine of the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) under a bilateral US/FRG agreement. This experiment simulates a nuclear waste repository at the 800-m (2624-ft) level of the Asse salt mine in the Federal Republic of Germany. This report describes the Asse salt mine, the test equipment, and the pretest properties of the salt in the mine and in the vicinity of the test area. Also included are selected test data (for the first 28 months of operation) on the following: brine migration rates, thermomechaical behavior of the salt (including room closure, stress reading, and thermal profiles), borehole gas pressures, and borehole gas analyses. In addition to field data, laboratory analyses of pretest salt properties are included in this report. The operational phase of these experiments was completed on October 4, 1985, with the commencement of cooldown and the start of posttest activities. 7 refs., 68 figs., 48 tabs.

  16. Selenium content of vegetal foodstuffs in the Federal Republic of Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hofsommer, H.J.; Bielig, H.J.

    1982-02-01

    We are quoting selenium contents in foodstuffs as cited in literature and are discussing them. The survey of published selenium contents in vegetal foodstuffs over the last 20 years reveals that diverging values must mainly be attributed to the site involved. Results of investigations on approximately 800 samples of different fruits and vegetables in the Federal Republic of Germany have shown that fruit does not contain any selenium and vegetables but very minor quantities. Contents differ widely with the individual types of vegetables. Regional variances could not be determined. It can therefore be assumed that the Federal Republic of Germany must be counted among the earth's low-selenium areas. If and how far there is possibly already an undersupply prevailing in this essential trace element - particularly in infant and toddler feeding - will require further supporting data and physiological investigations. Technological factors in the industrial manufacture of fruit and vegetable products are not affecting the selenium content. A specific strain on the environment through selenium cannot be determined at the moment and is not expected for the next few years either, since even sites in heavily endangered environments do not exhibit selenium contents deviating from the average in the individual fruits and vegetables.

  17. Vocational Education and Training for the Hotel and Catering Industry in the Federal Republic of Germany. Report of a Visiting Party. Studies in Vocational Education and Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Number Eight.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ripper, Chris, Ed.; Russell, Russ, Ed.

    A party of vocational educators from the United Kingdom (UK) traveled to the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) to examine West German vocational education and training for the hotel and catering industry. During the study, the investigators examined the training with respect to regulations, the content of training, and the structure of the…

  18. Nesting bird deterrents for the Federal Republic of Germany glass log storage pad

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mitchell, R.M.

    1997-04-15

    A proposed storage pad wi11 be constructed in the 200 West Area for the storage of isotopic heat and radiation sources from the Federal Republic of Germany. The pad will be constructed in the southern portion of the Solid Waste Operations Complex near the existing Sodium Storage Pad (Figure 1). Following a biological review by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) personnel (Brandt 1996), it was determined that in order for construction to take place after March 15, 1997, actions would need to be taken to prevent migratory birds from nesting in the project area. Special attention was focused on preventing sage sparrows and loggerhead shrikes, both Hanford Site species of concern (DOE/RL 1996), from nesting in the area. This activity plan details the methods and procedures that will be used to implement these nesting deterrents.

  19. [psychenet - The Hamburg Network for Mental Health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Härter, Martin; Brandes, Andreas; Hillebrandt, Bernd; Lambert, Martin

    2015-07-01

    With the research and development project psychenet: the Hamburg Network for Mental Health (2011 - 2015), the Federal Ministry of Education and Research contributes to strengthening healthcare regions in Germany by establishing new transsectoral cooperations and implementing evaluated innovations. More than 300 partners from research, health care, health industry and government in the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg are promoting innovative measures to improve the detection, diagnosis, and treatment for mental disorders. The main objective is to implement integrated healthcare networks based on evidence for effective treatment methods, deriving from high-quality research throughout five indications such as psychosis, depression, somatoform and functional syndromes, anorexia and bulimia and addiction illnesses in adolescence. Those networks are accompanied by additional measures, for example, for improving awareness, information and education for mental health, addressing occupational health or strengthening the participation of patients and their families suffering from mental illness. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  20. Licensing procedures under the Atomic Energy Act in comparison to those under the Federal Pollution Control Act. [Federal Republic of Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herkommer, E.; Wolleschlaeger, M.

    1981-07-01

    Since there is the possibility in uranium enrichment plants of major quantities of gaseous fluorine compounds being released, it is necessary in the Federal Republic of Germany to consider for such plants not only a permit under the Atomic Energy Act, but also a permit under the Federal Pollution Control Act. Under Sec. 8, Subsec. 2, such permit is included in the permit under the Atomic Energy Act, but the licensing authority under the Atomic Energy Act must take its decision in agreement with the state authority responsible for pollution control.

  1. European integration and transatlantic relations as the cornerstone of the foreign policy of the Federal Republic of Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marić Bojan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The main task of this paper is to determine the main factors of the foreign policy of the Federal Republic of Germany, as well as to predict in which direction its foreign policy will move in the upcoming period. The consolidation and rise of the Federal Republic of Germany after World War II are based on its Westbindung policy (policy of binding for the West, which, basically, relied on a firm integration of Germany into Euro-Atlantic structures. By joining the euro-integration processes, whose prerequisite was a historic reconciliation with the powerful neighbor, France, Germany was no longer a disruptive factor in the European scene, and the NATO as a security “umbrella”, in which the United States of America had the most important role, provided it with adequate framework within which Germany could devote itself to the further development of society and economy. The preservation and further development of the European Union, as well as the transatlantic partnership, whose core consists of partnership relations with the United States of America, for Germany represents one of the key preconditions for maintaining global order, providing a mechanism within which the Federal Republic of Germany achieves the stability and prosperity of its society. As a country whose share in 2015 amounted to over 7% of the world trade (world’s third largest exporter and importer, there is no doubt that modern Germany “harvests” the fruits of globalization in an effective manner. Accordingly, the Federal Republic of Germany has every reason to defend the existing global order, whose leaders are the countries which are its main foreign policy partners.

  2. Status report on the use of nuclear energy in the Federal Republic of Germany 2015; Statusbericht zur Kernenergienutzung in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 2015

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bredberg, Ines; Hutter, Johann; Kuehn, Kerstin; Niedzwiedz, Katarzyna; Philippczyk, Frank; Thoemmes, Achim

    2016-05-15

    Status report on the use of nuclear energy in the Federal Republic of Germany 2015 covers the following topics: electricity generation on Germany, nuclear power plants in Germany, research reactors, facilities of nuclear fuel supply and nuclear waste management.

  3. Coal mining situation in the Federal Republic of Germany. The 1st quarter 2017; Zur Lage des Kohlenbergbaus in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. 1. Vierteljahr 2017

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2017-06-14

    The paper reports on the coal mining in the Federal Republic of Germany in the 1st quarter of 2017. Statistical data are presented for mining, exports and imports of hard coal and lignite and for employees.

  4. 31 CFR 585.418 - Vessels of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). 585.418 Section 585.418 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating... REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA (SERBIA AND MONTENEGRO) AND BOSNIAN SERB-CONTROLLED AREAS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BOSNIA... Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). Any vessel in which a majority or controlling interest is held by a...

  5. The guests who stayed--the debate on 'foreigners policy' in the German Federal Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castles, S

    1985-01-01

    The recruitment of "guest workers" between 1956 and 1973 by West German employers has given rise to new ethnic minorities. The Federal Republic of Germany (GFR) claims that it is not a country of immigration--a controversy that reflects the basic dilemma over policies towards foreign residents, who now comprise about 7% of the total population. The shift from temporary labor migration to long-term settlement has been accompanied by structural changes in the foreign resident population. The logic of the migratory process is inescapable: virtually all migrations, whether organized or spontaneous, start with movements of young adult workers. When recruitment stated in the late 1950s state migration policies were concerned only with short-term fulfillment of capital's labor requirements. The state established a system of institutionalized discrimination, through which temporary guest workers could be recruited, controlled, and sent away, as the interests of capital dictated. This policy was impracticable because many firms found that rotation led to problems of labor fluctuation and high training costs. The trend toward restrictive policies on migration continued in the early 1980s; rising unemployment and urban problems led to widespread hostility towards foreigners. 3 key issues need resolving quickly: 1) the granting of security of residence status, so that migrant families have a clear basis for planning their own future, 2) the extending of political rights to foreign residents, and 3) the issue of citizenship. Like other West European countries, the GFR has become a multiethnic society through the postwar labor migrations. The early reform of legal structures to give migrants more rights is a precondition for social peace, and for achieving the benefits which multiculturalism can offer to all members of society.

  6. Estimating the efficiency of procurements of state customer The Republic of Crimea under its reunification with the Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatyana V. Svishchuk

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective to analyze the procurements of the executive authority of the Republic of Crimea in the transition period and to evaluate their effectiveness. Methods the study used the methods of grouping vertical and horizontal analysis economicmathematical modeling. Results after the Republic of Crimea disconnection from the Ukraine and subsequent accession to the Russian Federation the state customers in the region were in a difficult situation due to the adaptation of the existing procurement system to the Russian legislation norms. Basing on the data of the Republic of Crimea Ministry of Justice the authors analyzed the state procurement across all stages of changing the legal field for the customers of the Republic. On the basis of the study it is concluded that under the Ukrainian legislation the bulk of procurements was carried out without competitive procedures while the remaining purchases showed the low level of savings. We also revealed the increase of procurement procedures complexity after the Republic accession to the Russian Federation while during the transition period the customers made procurements according to a simplified procedure. The analysis of the procurement effectiveness for the customer showed that as a result of legislative changes the number and value of competitive procurements significantly increased as well as the saving rate of tenders and auctions. On the basis of correlationregression model the authors have proved the hypothesis that number of the procurement participants has an effect on the savings rate. As a result the necessity of increasing the number of competitive procurements was substantiated since the number of participants directly affects the savings rate in the course of bidding. Scientific novelty on the basis of the analysis the authors showed a positive economic effect from the changes in the legal framework of public procurement for a particular customer ndash the Republic of Crimea which was

  7. Environmentally harmful subventions in the Federal Republic of Germany. Updating for the year 2008. Background; Umweltschaedliche Subventionen in Deutschland. Aktualisierung fuer das Jahr 2008. Hintergrund

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burger, Andreas; Eckermann, Frauke; Schrode, Alexander; Schwermer, Sylvia

    2010-06-15

    In the background paper under consideration, the Federal Environment Agency (Dessau-Rosslau, Federal Republic of Germany) reports on the following topics: (a) Necessity of a dismantling of environmentally harmful subsidies; (b) Environmentally harmful subsidies in Germany in the year 2008; (c) No progress with the dismantling of environmentally harmful subsidies; (d) Important points for a dismantling of environmentally harmful subsidies.

  8. Environmentally harmful subventions in the Federal Republic of Germany. Economy. Updating for the year 2010; Umweltschaedliche Subventionen in Deutschland. Wirtschaft. Aktualisierte Ausgabe 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-11-15

    In the background paper under consideration, the Federal Environment Agency (Dessau-Rosslau, Federal Republic of Germany) reports on the following topics: (a) The most important environmentally harmful subsidies; (b) State of the art and development of environmentally harmful subsidies at a glance; (c) Environmentally oriented controlling of subsidies: The 'environmental check' for subsidies.

  9. Gas reactor international cooperative program interim report: United States/Federal Republic of Germany nuclear licensing comparison

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-09-01

    In order to compare US and FRG Nuclear Licensing, a summary description of United States Nuclear Licensing is provided as a basis. This is followed by detailed information on the participants in the Nuclear Licensing process in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG). FRG licensing procedures are described and the rules and regulations imposed are summarized. The status of gas reactor licensing in both the U.S. and the FRG is outlined and overall conclusions are drawn as to the major licensing differences. An appendix describes the most important technical differences between US and FRG criteria.

  10. Study the Attitude, Knowledge and Experience of Coaches of Karate Federation Islamic Republic of Iran toward Sport Psychology Counseling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahnaz Sheikh Rahmati

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was study the attitude, knowledge and experience of coaches of Karate Federation Islamic Republic of Iran toward sport psychology counseling. For this purpose, 150 official coaches (75 women and 75 men of karate Federation of Islamic Republic of Iran who had grade 1 and 2 of certified coach and had participated in the senior Championships of Iran, championship adolescents of young people and under 21 years, national team qualifiers and teams participating in premier League, had participated in this research as individual. In order to collect the required information the researcher made and the research questionnaire Sports coaches on sports psychology was used. Research results by using a two variable Pearson correlation coefficient showed that there is meaningful relationship between experience and attitude to sport psychology consulting and as well as between knowledge and attitudes toward sport psychology consulting that is (p=0.001,p=0.001 respectively. also results of research using independent t-tests showed that there is not meaningful relationship between male and female attitudes towards sport psychology consulting (p=0.207 while there is meaningful difference between adult and youth educators' attitudes towards sports psychology counseling (p=0.001. It seems that according to common concerns that exist between coaches and athletes perhaps existence sport psychology can be effective to athletes and coaches in reducing stress and achieve the desired result.

  11. Study the Attitude, Knowledge and Experience of Coaches of Karate Federation Islamic Republic Of Iran toward Sport Psychology Counseling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahnaz Sheikh Rahmati

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was study the attitude, knowledge and experience of coaches of Karate Federation Islamic Republic of Iran toward sport psychology counseling. For this purpose, 150 official coaches (75 women and 75 men of karate Federation of Islamic Republic of Iran who had grade 1 and 2 of certified coach and had participated in the senior Championships of Iran, championship adolescents of young people and under 21 years, national team qualifiers and teams participating in premier League, had participated in this research as individual. In order to collect the required information the researcher made and the research questionnaire Sports coaches on sports psychology was used. Research results by using a two variable Pearson correlation coefficient showed that there is meaningful relationship between experience and attitude to sport psychology consulting and as well as between knowledge and attitudes toward sport psychology consulting that is (p=0.001,p=0.001 respectively. also results of research using independent t-tests showed that there is not meaningful relationship between male and female attitudes towards sport psychology consulting (p=0.207 while there is meaningful difference between adult and youth educators' attitudes towards sports psychology counseling (p=0.001. It seems that according to common concerns that exist between coaches and athletes perhaps existence sport psychology can be effective to athletes and coaches in reducing stress and achieve the desired result.

  12. FEATURES OF PRICING OF THE MORTGAGE MARKET IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA (Part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana KASYANENKO

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The relevance of the study is determined by the importance of the market of mortgage loans as the main instrument of social policy. The aim of the article is to identify the relationship between the volume of mortgage loans and the value of residential real estate on both the primary and secondary markets. The article consists of two parts. The main objective of the first part of this article is to clarify the concepts and features of mortgage loans, and identification of peculiarities of mortgage loans in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Moldova. The methodological basis of the work is made up of methods of analysis and synthesis, the combination of logical and historical approaches, methods of economic comparison and statistical analysis. The result of the study of the first part of the article is to identify the stages of development of mortgage loans in the Russian Federation, an analysis of prices in the primary and secondary markets of residential property on the basis of aggregate statistical indicators that reflect the status and characteristics of the housing market. The Russian experience is correlated with the peculiarities of the development of the mortgage market in the Republic of Moldova.

  13. 2 April 2014 - H. E. Mr Joachim Gauck, President of the Federal Republic of Germany in the ATLAS experimental cavern with Director-General R. Heuer.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2014-01-01

    in the ATLAS cavern: Minister of State at the Federal Foreign Office M. Böhmer (green jacket) and Mrs daniela Schadt (First Lady). 201404-069_39.jpg: State Secretary, Federal Ministry of Education and Research G. Schütte, Minister of State at the Federal Foreign Office M. Böhmer, President Gauck, CERN DG, State Secretary, Chief of the Federal President´s Office D. Gill and Ambassador of the Federal Republic of Germany to the Swiss Confederation O. Lampe.

  14. 76 FR 38000 - Removal of Certain Sanctions Regulations Relating to the Former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... 585 Administrative practice and procedure, Banking and finance, Blocking of assets, Exports, Federal..., Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Securities, Services, Shipping, Telecommunications...

  15. 5 February 2010: Romanian Former Minister of Justice V. Stoica (4th from left) visiting SM18 with, from left to right, University of Bucharest Faculty of Physics A. Costescu, DESY Hamburg C. Diaconu; Mrs Valeriu Stoica; Université de Montpellier II S. Ciulli; Technology Department Vacuum, Surfaces and Coatings group S. Ilie; Technology Department Head F. Bordry and Adviser for Russian Federation, Central and Eastern Europe T. Kurtyka.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    5 February 2010: Romanian Former Minister of Justice V. Stoica (4th from left) visiting SM18 with, from left to right, University of Bucharest Faculty of Physics A. Costescu, DESY Hamburg C. Diaconu; Mrs Valeriu Stoica; Université de Montpellier II S. Ciulli; Technology Department Vacuum, Surfaces and Coatings group S. Ilie; Technology Department Head F. Bordry and Adviser for Russian Federation, Central and Eastern Europe T. Kurtyka.

  16. Ethnical distance of the citizens of Republika Srpska and the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the nations of former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puhalo Srđan

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the study of Ethnical distance with the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The study was made using Bogardus' scale of social distance, on 1000 interviewees of the Federation of BiH and 850 interviewees of Republika Srpska. The citizens of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina reject the Romas the most, followed by the Albanians and Macedonians. This is followed by the Serbs and Montenegrians, while Slovenians and Croats are the least rejected. Prejudices of the citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the Romas, Albanians, and Macedonians are much more important for the rejection or accepting of offered relations, than it was the case with open hostility and war conflicts with the Serbs, Montenegrians, and Croats. In the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina a distinction is made in the degree of ethnical distance of Bosniaks and Croats to the nations who lived in the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Offered relations are more rejected by the Croats than by the Bosniaks. The citizens of Republika Srpska accept the Muslims (Bosniaks and Romas the least. This is followed by the Croats, Slovenians, and Macedonians, and the Montenegrians are rejected the least. The citizens of Republika Srpska refuse that they or the members of their family marry a member of another nation. Thus they object any possibility for the members of other nations to be found on managing position, or any situation where they themselves would be in a subordinate position in society in relation to the members of other nationalities.

  17. Satisfaction with the quality of stroke care in the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Yu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on comparing and analyzing the satisfaction of quality of medical care for patients with acute stroke in the Russian Federation (RF and the People’s Republic of China (PRC to identify major problems and the most successful organizational solutions in the system of medical care for patients with stroke. The analysis of differences was performed by the following parameters: quality of care in hospital assessed by patients; the attitude of the medical and nursing staff and the physician to patients (assessed by patients; timely diagnosis and treatment; the level of staff qualifications assessed by patients; satisfaction with the outcome of treatment; availability and volume of conversations held with the patient about the nature and causes of the disease; test results by the life quality scale EQ-5D.

  18. Coal mining situation in the Federal Republic of Germany. Year 2015; Zur Lage des Kohlenbergbaus in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Jahr 2015

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2016-03-08

    The paper reports on the coal mining in the Federal Republic of Germany in the year 2015. Statistical data are presented for coal market, brown coal mining as well as the hard coal mining. These data consider the supply and demand of coal in Germany, and employees of the German coal industry.

  19. Coal mining in the power industry of the Federal Republic of Germany in 2015; Der Kohlenbergbau in der Energiewirtschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland im Jahre 2015

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2016-11-15

    The contribution under consideration reports on the coal mining in the Federal Republic of Germany in the year 2015. Statistical data are presented for the power market and coal market, hard coal mining as well as the brown coal mining. These data consider the energy consumption in Germany, power production, iron and steel production, utilization, re-cultivation and employees.

  20. Coal mining in the power industry of the Federal Republic of Germany in 2010; Der Kohlenbergbau in der Energiewirtschaft der Bundesrepublik Deutschland im Jahre 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2011-11-15

    The contribution under consideration reports on the coal mining in the Federal Republic of Germany in the year 2010. Statistical data are presented for the power market and coal market, brown coal mining as well as the hard coal mining. These data consider the energy consumption in Germany, power production, iron and steel production, utilization, re-cultivation and employees.

  1. Coal mining situation in the Federal Republic of Germany. Year 2016; Zur Lage des Kohlenbergbaus in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Jahr 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2017-03-03

    The paper reports on the coal mining in the Federal Republic of Germany in the year 2016. Statistical data are presented for coal market, brown coal mining as well as the hard coal mining. These data consider the supply and demand of coal in Germany, and employees of the German coal industry.

  2. Environmentally harmful subventions in the Federal Republic of Germany. Updating for the year 2016; Umweltschaedliche Subventionen in Deutschland. Aktualisierte Ausgabe 2016

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koeder, Lea; Burger, Andreas

    2016-12-15

    The contribution on environmentally harmful subventions in the Federal Republic of Germany (Updating for the year 2016) includes the following issues: Why the reduction of environmentally harmful subventions is necessary; subventions and related processes; international initiatives for the reduction of environmentally harmful subventions, routes for the reduction of environmentally harmful subventions.

  3. Telecommunication Development in the Federal Republic of Germany. The "Telecommunications Report": Findings, Recommendations and Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenke, Manfred

    This study elaborates on 56 findings and 17 recommendations made in an earlier report about telecommunications by a commission originated by the German Federal Minister for Research and Technology. The commission investigated (1) the needs and demand for telecommunications; (2) technical possibilities, required volume of investment and costs of…

  4. Das Bildungswesen in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Education in the Federal Republic of Germany).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Bernhard

    In this paper delivered at Georgetown University, the Minister of Culture of Rheinland-Pfalz compares various aspects of the state of education in the United States and Germany, and draws conclusions for future planning. The areas he discusses are: (1) the politics of education, including controversy over federal and state responsibilities for…

  5. Successful Completion of the Largest Shipment of Russian Research Reactor High-Enriched Uranium Spent Nuclear Fuel from Czech Republic to Russian Federation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael Tyacke; Dr. Igor Bolshinsky; Jeff Chamberlin

    2008-07-01

    On December 8, 2007, the largest shipment of high-enriched uranium spent nuclear fuel was successfully made from a Russian-designed nuclear research reactor in the Czech Republic to the Russian Federation. This accomplishment is the culmination of years of planning, negotiations, and hard work. The United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency have been working together on the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) Program in support of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative. In February 2003, RRRFR Program representatives met with the Nuclear Research Institute in Rež, Czech Republic, and discussed the return of their high-enriched uranium spent nuclear fuel to the Russian Federation for reprocessing. Nearly 5 years later, the shipment was made. This paper discusses the planning, preparations, coordination, and cooperation required to make this important international shipment.

  6. Dying forests and environmental policy in the Federal Republic of Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaertner, E.

    1984-01-01

    A survey is given on extent and causes of the dying forests in the Federal Republik of Germany and the scientific hypotheses of agents are discussed. The author focuses on the reasons of the widespread disease of forests and reviews from a historical-materialistic point of view the history of foresty and the coherences between industrial pollution and forest damages. A balance of the environmental policy since 1960 is given.

  7. Scientific and Technical Information Policy of the Federal Republic of Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamura, Koji

    The gist and the background of “Specialized Information Program 1985-1988”, which was decided by the Federal government of Germany in June 1985, were outlined in comparison with the interim report of the fiscal year 1986. In the previous program “I & D” from 1974 to 1977, the establishment of GID (Association for Information and Documentation) and the consolidation of Specialized Information Centers (FIZ) were main object. However, in the new program, the role sharing between government and private enterprises was emphasized with a view to stimulate information demand in the circumstance of cooperation and competition of the world market.

  8. [Pathways leading to work--the Hamburg integration specialty service].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquardt, U

    2001-06-01

    A model project of the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, the Hamburg Integrationsfachdienst zur Eingliederung Schwerbehinderter (IFD Hamburg, selective placement and support agency for occupational integration of persons with severe disablement) has been active since 1998 in placing people with sensory or physical handicap in the open labour market, based on cooperative partnership between Adecco Dienstleistungen, a market-oriented temporary staff business, and the vocational retraining centre Berufsförderungswerk Hamburg, provider of training programmes for vocational rehabilitation. The IFD combines social competence with business considerations (counselling employers, clarification of wage subsidies or grants, in-depth job analysis, preliminary selection of suitable job seekers). A proactive customer orientation vis-a-vis the prospective employer is the clear message of the IFD's consultants, which hence acts as a professional staff service for severely disabled job seekers in its dealings with the prospective customers, in their majority company decision-makers from small and medium scale firms. Counselling and support offered to the disabled clients are based on a case-management approach, in partnership with the IFD's principals, i.e., employment office, pension insurance fund, industrial injuries insurance institutes, and sometimes also health insurance funds.

  9. The accident at Gorleben: A case study of risk communication and risk amplification in the Federal Republic of Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peters, H P; Hennen, L [Clark Univ., Worcester, MA (USA). Center for Technology, Environment, and Development

    1988-07-01

    On May 12, 1987 an accident happened in the ``pilot mine`` at Gorleben in the Federal Republic of Germany where the feasibility of a repository or high-radioactive nuclear waste is currently being investigated. A miner was killed during that accident and two others were severely injured. Although this accident happened during conventional mining work and had nothing to do with radioactive waste, this event received much public attention and news coverage and had a strong impact on the political debate on the Gorleben project of a repository mine for radioactive waste and even on the nuclear power controversy in general. This study does not aim to evaluate the accident that happened in the Gorleben pilot mine from a geological point of view nor does it aim to evaluate the West German waste disposal concept. All information given in chapter 2 on these aspects should be considered as background information, useful in understanding the subject of this case study: the risk communication concerning the Gorleben project in general and the accident in the shaft in particular.

  10. [The Early Years of Military Laser Research and Technology in the Federal Republic of Germany During the Cold War].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albrecht, Helmuth

    2014-01-01

    The invention of the laser in 1960 and the innovation process of laser technology during the following years coincided with the dramatic increase of the East-West-conflict during the 1960s - the peak of the so-called Cold War after the erection of the Berlin Wall in 1961. The predictable features of the new device, not only for experimental sciences, but also for technical and military applications, led instantly to a laser hype all over the world. Military funding and research played a major part in this development. Especially in the United States military laser research and development played an important role in the formation of Cold War sciences. The European allies followed this example to a certain degree, but their specific national environments led to quite different solutions and results. This article describes and analyzes the special features and background of this development for the Federal Republic of Germany in the area of conflict between science, politics and industry from 1960 to the early 1970s.

  11. Management of postindustrial problems in Western Europe: energy policy in the Federal Republic of Germany, France and the Netherlands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hatch, M.T.

    1983-01-01

    This study assesses the political feasibility of national as opposed to supranational policy choices available to governments of advanced, industrialized democracies, focusing on the energy strategies pursued by the Federal Republic of Germany, France and the Netherlands. Ordering the empirical analysis are three central hypotheses: (1) the nature of energy as a public policy issue has undergone fundamental change, resulting in a significantly different decisionmaking process; (2) the consequence has been an increasingly complex domestic policy sphere which has precipitated greater uncertainty among policymakers; and (3) as international interdependencies become more complex and tightly coupled, recourse to increased international management of mutual dependencies will be viewed by national actors as a viable alternative to the severance of interdependent relationships. Within the context of the first two hypotheses, German and Dutch energy policies were found to have experienced the most distinct transition from incremental to comprehensive. This tendency, however, was also evident in France, despite some forms of planning in various energy sectors as early as 1946-1947. Regarding the final hypothesis, collaborative arrangements were initiated; however, there was substantial variation in the degree to which these international regimes circumscribed national autonomy: the energy R and D regimes institutionalized in the EC and IEA imposed few constraints on national actions; more demanding was the regime for long-term cooperation which evolved through the IEA and high-level summitry; the most restrictive regime involved the IEA's emergency program.

  12. Federal Republic of Germany commodities report 2009; Bundesrepublik Deutschland Rohstoffsituation 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-07-01

    Since 2004, the German industry has been confronted with a changing raw materials situation. Raw materials prices have been increasing continuously because of the rapid economic growth of threshold countries like China. The high volatility of raw materials prices, as well as the risk involved with specific countries or customers, means limited planning security in raw materials buying. Since 1980, the Bundesanstalt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (Federal Institute of Geosciences and Raw Materials) has been publishing annual reports on the German raw materials situation. The reports contain all relevant facts and figures on mineral resources and energy resources, including characteristic data on raw materials production, foreign trade, price trends, and consumption. [German] Die deutsche Wirtschaft ist seit 2004 mit einer geaenderten Rohstoffsituation konfrontiert. Vor allem infolge des rasanten Wirtschaftswachstums der Schwellenlaender, allen voran China, steigt die Rohstoffnachfrage kontinuierlich. Fuer die deutsche Wirtschaft bedeutet die zu erwartende hohe Volatilitaet der Rohstoffpreise - verbunden mit weiteren laender- und kundenspezifischen Lieferrisiken - weiterhin eingeschraenkte Planungssicherheit im Rohstoffeinkauf. Die Bundesanstalt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe erstellt seit 1980 in jaehrlicher Folge den Rohstoffsituationsbericht fuer Deutschland. Er enthaelt alle wichtigen Zahlen und Fakten zur aktuellen Versorgungssituation bei mineralischen Rohstoffen und Energierohstoffen. Dazu zaehlen Kennziffern zu Rohstoffproduktion, Aussenhandel, Preisentwicklung und Verbrauch.

  13. Mathematics Curriculum Changes in Republic of Serbia for Grades 5-8 After the Break-Up of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlajic, Jovana

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in the mathematics curriculum for grades 5-8 in the Republic of Serbia after the break-up of SFRY. In particular, the research sought to identify the changes in the mathematics curriculum in terms of curriculum content and learning objectives, textbooks, and high school entrance examination…

  14. GIS Map of Mosaicked LandSat 7 ETM+ Satellite Imagery of the Marshall Islands, Micronesia Federated States, and the Republic of Palau from January 1, 1999 to December 31, 2003 (NODC Accession 0067475)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These maps show for the first time an accurate georeferenced mosaic of the Marshall Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of Palau and their...

  15. 20th July 2011 - Ambassador Bhattarai, Permanent Representative of Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal and familiy members in the ATLAS visitor centre with Collaboration Spokesperson A. Lankford, accompanied by Adviser J. Ellis.

    CERN Document Server

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    20th July 2011 - Ambassador Bhattarai, Permanent Representative of Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal and familiy members in the ATLAS visitor centre with Collaboration Spokesperson A. Lankford, accompanied by Adviser J. Ellis.

  16. His Excellency Mr Shanker Das Bairagi, Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2012-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Shanker Das Bairagi, Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

  17. His Excellency Mr Deepak Dhital Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2017-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Deepak Dhital Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

  18. Problem of drug addiction in the youth in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania of the RF North Caucasian Federal District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Vladimirovich Dzutsev

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is based on the large-scale survey “the problem of drug addiction among the youth in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania of the RF North Caucasian Federal District”. In April-May North Ossetian Center of Social Research of the Institute of Socio-Political Research RAS together with North Ossetian State University after K.L. Khetagurov conducted a monitoring aimed at evaluating the drug abuse situation in the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania and identifying the causes of drug abuse among young citizens of the republic. It studied the system of beliefs, habits and aspirations of young people. The research focused on the sociological assessment of the drug abuse situation in the Republic of North Ossetia and it was based on the study of systems of beliefs, habits and preferences of the residents, as well as on the identification of the reasons for the spread of drug addiction among the population. The achievement of this goal required solution of the following tasks: • to evaluate beliefs, value systems, life plans, the state of health of the North Ossetia-Alania citizens, learn their opinion on the possibility of rational leisure time and recreation by means of monitoring; • to assess bad habits of the republic citizens, estimate the society’s relation to the problems of drug addiction and drug addicts, analyze the reasons for the emergence and existence of this phenomenon in the society; • to evaluate effectiveness of the measures to combat drug addiction; • to identify reasons for drug addiction, most frequently used types of drugs, the cost of a single dose, a market place and consumers’ access to drugs; • to assess practical activities aimed at improving the drug abuse situation in the republic. The sample size was 600 people

  19. History of the Expansion of Hamburg City and IBA Hamburg

    OpenAIRE

    北澤, 恒人

    2012-01-01

    本稿では、まずドイツのハンブルク市を対象として、その住民数の増加と市域の拡大を歴史的に跡づけ、これをヨーロッパの都市の一類型として考察する。次に、現在抱えている都市問題を解決するためにハンブルク市が採用した展覧会という手法を紹介する。すなわち2013年度に全プロジェクトが終結するハンブルク国際建築展覧会(IBA Hamburg)と、同時に開催される国際園芸博覧会(IGS 2013)の二つであるが、これには自然破壊だとの批判も出されている。...

  20. ECONOMIC COOPERATION BETWEEN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS IN THE FIELD OF MIGRATION POLICY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Strel'chenko

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the general trends of migration processes between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus, briefly describes the main features of the socio-economic development and migration policy of the two countries, including in the context of their cooperation within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union. The article defines the key directions of economic cooperation between Russia and Belarus on migration policies and the promotion of desirable forms of migration. The relevance of the topic chosen due to both diversity and unsystematic legal framework that regulates the various aspects of migration policy and the lack of established legal concepts of migration, the migration process and the migration policy. In addition, in recent years can be seen working mobility growth in the context of globalization, which creates conditions for employment are not only highly qualified professionals in the fields of finance, insurance, banking, communications, and migrant workers employed in agriculture, construction, landscaping, catering, hotel service.Methodology. In conducting this study the main sources of raw data served as the information contained in scientific, reference, periodical literature on the subject in question, including the sources in the "Internet" information and telecommunications network. The basis of methodological developments laid the comparative methods of analysis and synthesis of the available data.Conclusions / relevance. Supporters of immigration openness believes that the strengthening of migration one of the solutions to the demographic problems of Russia and the problem of replenishment of the labor market. Their opponents believe that immigration creates an excess supply in the labor market, allowing employers to permanently reduce the level of payment of labor and social security, working conditions deteriorate.Practical application of the results of this work will improve the forecasting and

  1. Optimum use of CDOT French and Hamburg data (French and Hamburg tests).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    The Colorado Department of Transportation (CDOT) has been collecting data from the Hamburg Rutter and the : French Rutter for over 20 years. No specifications have been written in that time for either the Hamburg Rutter : or the French Rutter. This r...

  2. Epidemiological and Ecological Characterization of the EHEC O104:H4 Outbreak in Hamburg, Germany, 2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahden, Maike; Manitz, Juliane; Baumgardt, Klaus; Fell, Gerhard; Kneib, Thomas; Hegasy, Guido

    2016-01-01

    In 2011, a large outbreak of entero-hemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) occurred in Germany. The City of Hamburg was the first focus of the epidemic and had the highest incidences among all 16 Federal States of Germany. In this article, we present epidemiological characteristics of the Hamburg notification data. Evaluating the epicurves retrospectively, we found that the first epidemiological signal of the outbreak, which was in form of a HUS case cluster, was received by local health authorities when already 99 EHEC and 48 HUS patients had experienced their first symptoms. However, only two EHEC and seven HUS patients had been notified. Middle-aged women had the highest risk for contracting the infection in Hamburg. Furthermore, we studied timeliness of case notification in the course of the outbreak. To analyze the spatial distribution of EHEC/HUS incidences in 100 districts of Hamburg, we mapped cases' residential addresses using geographic information software. We then conducted an ecological study in order to find a statistical model identifying associations between local socio-economic factors and EHEC/HUS incidences in the epidemic. We employed a Bayesian Poisson model with covariates characterizing the Hamburg districts as well as incorporating structured and unstructured spatial effects. The Deviance Information Criterion was used for stepwise variable selection. We applied different modeling approaches by using primary data, transformed data, and preselected subsets of transformed data in order to identify socio-economic factors characterizing districts where EHEC/HUS outbreak cases had their residence.

  3. Climate change experiments in Hamburg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gubasch, U. [DKRZ, Hamburg (Germany)

    1995-12-31

    Nowadays the anthropogenic climate change is been simulated world wide with a fair number of coupled ocean atmosphere general circulation models (IPCC, 1995). Typical model problems do not only blur the estimates of the anthropogenic climate change, but they also cause errors in the estimates of the natural variability. An accurate representation of the natural variability of the climate system is, however, essential for the detection of the anthropogenic climate change. All model simulations world wide show, even though they differ considerably in their technical details and the experimental setup and the forcing data, similar amplitudes and pattern of the predicted climate change. In the model world it is already at the beginning of the next century possible to detect the anthropogenic climate change in the global mean. If the model results are applied in a `fingerprint analysis`, then it is possible to prove that the climate change during the last 30 years is with a significance of 95 % larger than any other climate change during the last 100 years. The experiments performed in Hamburg show that the experimental conditions are of great importance for the estimate of the future climate. The usual starting point of most of the simulations with present day conditions (1980-1990) is too late, because then a considerable part of the warming since the beginning of the industrialization (ca. 1750) has been neglected. Furthermore it has only recently become clear that the sulphat-aerosols play an important role in the present day climate and in the future climate. The effect of the sulphat aerosols has first been simulated in a number of equilibrium simulations with mixed layer models, but nowadays with globally coupled ocean-atmosphere circulation models

  4. Nitrite in hamburgers in Arak, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rezaei, Mohammad; Shariatifar, Nabi; Jahed Khaniki, Gholamreza; Javadzadeh, Morteza

    2013-01-01

    Nitrite and nitrate are used as additives in meat products to provide colour, taste and protection against micro-organisms, but excessive use of these substances can be toxic and can cause carcinogenesis in man. Natural and organic foods are not permitted to use chemical preservatives, the traditional curing agents used for cured meats, and so nitrate and/or nitrite cannot be added to hamburgers. This study aimed to measure nitrite in hamburgers sold in Arak city, in the centre of Iran, in 2011. For this purpose, 105 samples were randomly selected and analysed according to Official AOAC Method 973. The residual nitrite in the samples was 30-100 mg/kg (p < 0.001). In 85.7% of the samples, presence of nitrite was demonstrated, which suggests unfavourable production conditions and poor sodium nitrite standards at hamburger factories.

  5. US NRC/LLL liaison with the Federal Republic of Germany for the GKSS-PSS steam condensation tests. Progress report No. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holman, G.S.

    1979-09-13

    This second progress report for the USNRC/LLL liaison program with the Federal Republic of Germany regarding boiling water reactor containment multivent steam condensation tests being conducted by GKSS addresses program activity during the period of July-August, 1979. During this period, the first digital data, video tapes, and complete report for test VM1 were received, together with various computer software used by GKSS for data reduction. Document handling procedures were finalized in order to protect the proprietary nature of informaion received from GKSS and several translations were obtained.

  6. Planning, Preparation, and Transport of the High-Enriched Uranium Spent Nuclear Fuel from the Czech Republic to the Russian Federation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    M. J. Tyacke; I. Bolshinsky; Frantisek Svitak

    2007-10-01

    The United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency have been working together on a program called the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return (RRRFR) Program, which is part of the Global Threat Reduction Initiative. The purpose of this program is to return Soviet or Russian-supplied high-enriched uranium (HEU) fuel, currently stored at Russian-designed research reactors throughout the world, to Russia. In February 2003, the RRRFR Program began discussions with the Nuclear Research Institute (NRI) in Rež, Czech Republic, about returning their HEU spent nuclear fuel to the Russian Federation for reprocessing. In March 2005, the U.S. Department of Energy signed a contract with NRI to perform all activities needed for transporting their HEU spent nuclear fuel to Russia. After 2 years of intense planning, preparations, and coordination at NRI and with three other countries, numerous organizations and agencies, and a Russian facility, this shipment is scheduled for completion before the end of 2007. This paper will provide a summary of activities completed for making this international shipment. This paper contains an introduction and background of the RRRFR Program and the NRI shipment project. It summarizes activities completed in preparation for the shipment, including facility preparations at NRI in Rež and FSUE “Mayak” in Ozyorsk, Russia; a new transportation cask system; regulatory approvals; transportation planning and preparation in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, and the Russian Federation though completion of the Unified Project and Special Ecological Programs. The paper also describes fuel loading and cask preparations at NRI and final preparations/approvals for transporting the shipment across the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, and the Russian Federation to FSUE Mayak where the HEU spent nuclear fuel will be processed, the uranium will be downblended and made into low-enriched uranium fuel for commercial reactor

  7. Description of measles D4-Hamburg outbreak in Hamburg, Germany, December 2008 to June 2009, which disproportionally affected a local Roma community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegasy, G; Kätzner, K; Helle, M; Mankertz, A; Baumgarte, S; Wille, A; Fell, G

    2012-06-14

    From December 2008 to June 2009 a measles outbreak occurred in the Federal State of Hamburg, Germany. The outbreak affected 216 persons and was caused by a new measles strain termed D4-Hamburg which led to consecutive outbreaks between 2009 and 2011 in at least 12 European countries. Here, we describe epidemiological characteristics of the outbreak and evaluate the control measures taken in Hamburg. In one of the seven boroughs of Hamburg a local Roma community comprised more than 50% of the notified cases.We compared in a stratified analysis the age distribution of these cases with cases of fellow citizens who did not belong to the Roma community. The age group of infants (0-11 months) comprised 33% among the non-Roma measles cases, while in the Roma community only 4% belonged to this stratum. In the stratum of 5-17 year-olds only 8% were affected among the non-Roma cases, whereas in the Roma community 50% belonged to this age group. We discuss the influencing factors that might have led to this difference in age distribution between the two groups.

  8. Manpower Procurement Policies, Ground Force Structures, and Registration Systems: Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, Norway, and the United Kingdom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-02-01

    planning to trdvel abroad, emmigrate or take a job on a merchant ship sailing only on foreign ports, they must apply to their units for permission. 1 In...to introduce conscription possibly by 1982 (the earlier decision to introduce conscription in 1979 was delayed). Malaysia and the Republic of South

  9. 78 FR 48706 - Expansion of Global Entry Eligibility to Certain Citizens of the Republic Of Korea, the Federal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-09

    ... who is inadmissible to the United States under U.S. immigration law is ineligible to participate in... individual has ever been found in violation of customs or immigration laws, or of any criminal law... Republic of Korea-Ministry of Justice, Korea Immigration Service (KIS) signed a Joint Statement regarding...

  10. Hamburg: privaatrechtelijk paradijsje aan de Aussenalster

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hondius, E.H.

    2005-01-01

    In dit verslag wil ik mij beperken tot een beschrijving van mijn ervaringen aan het Max Planck Institut te Hamburg. Dat instituut telt een kleine honderd 'vaste' juridische onderzoekers, voornamelijk uit Duitsland, maar ook uit Frankrijk, Griekenland, Iran, Italië en Rusland. Nederlandse

  11. Landslide databases for applied landslide impact research: the example of the landslide database for the Federal Republic of Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damm, Bodo; Klose, Martin

    2014-05-01

    This contribution presents an initiative to develop a national landslide database for the Federal Republic of Germany. It highlights structure and contents of the landslide database and outlines its major data sources and the strategy of information retrieval. Furthermore, the contribution exemplifies the database potentials in applied landslide impact research, including statistics of landslide damage, repair, and mitigation. The landslide database offers due to systematic regional data compilation a differentiated data pool of more than 5,000 data sets and over 13,000 single data files. It dates back to 1137 AD and covers landslide sites throughout Germany. In seven main data blocks, the landslide database stores besides information on landslide types, dimensions, and processes, additional data on soil and bedrock properties, geomorphometry, and climatic or other major triggering events. A peculiarity of this landslide database is its storage of data sets on land use effects, damage impacts, hazard mitigation, and landslide costs. Compilation of landslide data is based on a two-tier strategy of data collection. The first step of information retrieval includes systematic web content mining and exploration of online archives of emergency agencies, fire and police departments, and news organizations. Using web and RSS feeds and soon also a focused web crawler, this enables effective nationwide data collection for recent landslides. On the basis of this information, in-depth data mining is performed to deepen and diversify the data pool in key landslide areas. This enables to gather detailed landslide information from, amongst others, agency records, geotechnical reports, climate statistics, maps, and satellite imagery. Landslide data is extracted from these information sources using a mix of methods, including statistical techniques, imagery analysis, and qualitative text interpretation. The landslide database is currently migrated to a spatial database system

  12. Proposal of a procedure of the operative program optimization of production in the petroleum refinery of PCK / Oder, Federal Republic of Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Maily

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The blended of raw petroleum is an operation that can be optimized and it is based on a great quantity of knowledge and experience. The planning of these operations consists in obtaining a mixture of components with different properties and specification as octane, flow, level of sulfur etc., besides keeping in mind the existent capacities and the demand. This is considered important in this type of industries, since their profitability depends on finding the good mixture, due to the variability of the prices in the final products. The objective of this paper is to determine the good variant of production of the refinery PCK/Oder, Federal Republic of Germany that achieves the maximum of utilities, by means of the Parametric Lineal Programming. The preliminary validation, presents advantages in the utilities of until 4 %, in comparison with the use of the current method.

  13. Ecology trends in Greece and in the Federal Republic of Germany. Oekologiebewegung in Griechenland und in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Unter Beruecksichtigung historischer, gesellschaftspolitischer und theoretischer Aspekte

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dede, I.

    1993-01-01

    This study evolves and discusses a thesis which maintains that ecology trends, both in Greece and in the Federal Republic of Germany, are the results of specific processes of social ''modernization'' based on different historical developments. A definition of ''modernization'' is given discussing the ''Fordism'' conception as part of the regulation theory: ''new'' social trends are interpreted as the results of the practice and crisis of Fordistic capitalism which, however, differs depending on its ''metropolitan'' (Germany) and ''peripheral'' (Greece) manifestations. The applicability of the Fordism theorem to Greece is discussed taking into account some political and cultural parameters. (orig.)

  14. Proceedings of the US/FRG research symposium: effects of atmospheric pollutants on the spruce-fir forests of the Eastern United States and the Federal Republic of Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerard, tech. coord. Hertel; Gerard Hertel

    1988-01-01

    Includes 66 papers presented at the US/FRG research symposium: effects of atmospheric pollutants on the spruce-fir forests of the Eastern United States and the Federal Republic of Germany, which was held October 19-23, 1987, in Burlington, Vermont.

  15. The resolution of the All-Russia conference “Seismic security of a region and the impact of seismogeological and socioeconomic factors” (Kyzyl, Republic of Tuva, Russian Federation, November 17-18, 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    . . .

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This is a brief summary of the All-Russia conference “Seismic security of a region and the impact of seismogeological and socioeconomic factors” held in Kyzyl, Republic of Tuva, Russian Federation on November 17-18, 2015. Also provided is the full text of the resolution adopted at the conference.

  16. Lehrer in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Eine Kritische Analyse Statistischer Daten uber das Lehrpersonal an Allgemeinbildenden Schulen. (Education in the Federal Republic of Germany. A Statistical Study of Teachers in Schools of General Education.)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Helmut

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the available statistics concerning teachers in schools of general education in the Federal Republic of Germany. An analysis of the demographic structure of the pool of full-time teachers showed that in 1971 30 percent of the teachers were under age 30, and 50 percent were under age 35. It was expected that…

  17. Epidemiological and Ecological Characterization of the EHEC O104:H4 Outbreak in Hamburg, Germany, 2011.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maike Tahden

    Full Text Available In 2011, a large outbreak of entero-hemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC and hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS occurred in Germany. The City of Hamburg was the first focus of the epidemic and had the highest incidences among all 16 Federal States of Germany. In this article, we present epidemiological characteristics of the Hamburg notification data. Evaluating the epicurves retrospectively, we found that the first epidemiological signal of the outbreak, which was in form of a HUS case cluster, was received by local health authorities when already 99 EHEC and 48 HUS patients had experienced their first symptoms. However, only two EHEC and seven HUS patients had been notified. Middle-aged women had the highest risk for contracting the infection in Hamburg. Furthermore, we studied timeliness of case notification in the course of the outbreak. To analyze the spatial distribution of EHEC/HUS incidences in 100 districts of Hamburg, we mapped cases' residential addresses using geographic information software. We then conducted an ecological study in order to find a statistical model identifying associations between local socio-economic factors and EHEC/HUS incidences in the epidemic. We employed a Bayesian Poisson model with covariates characterizing the Hamburg districts as well as incorporating structured and unstructured spatial effects. The Deviance Information Criterion was used for stepwise variable selection. We applied different modeling approaches by using primary data, transformed data, and preselected subsets of transformed data in order to identify socio-economic factors characterizing districts where EHEC/HUS outbreak cases had their residence.

  18. Specific features of acute stroke in the Russian Federation and in the People’s Republic of China (according to the data of some big stroke units

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Yu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The study focuses on comparison and analysis of the work of big stroke units in the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China specialized in the medical care for patients with acute stroke. 522 patients were surveyed in Russia’s and China’s regional stroke units. In the Russian Federation, patients being treated in the «City Hospital No.26» (SaintPetersburg took part in the study. In China patients of the First Affiliated Hospital of the Chongqing Medical University, Central Hospital Jiang jin, Regional People’s Hospital Yubei district, Regional People’s Hospital Bishan (Chongqing Province. The analysis of differences was performed by the following parameters: personality traits, age, gender, level of education, income, health insurance category, profession, employment, professional activities over the last year, place of residence of the patient, features of the stroke, time during the first symptoms of stroke to hospitalization, kinds of medical services, the main risk factors and value of prevention before stroke.

  19. [The role of autologous blood transfusion in the the Federal Republic of Germany. Results of a 1993 questionnaire. 1. The reunited Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasper, S M; Kiencke, P; Lynch, J; Beiten, D

    1995-04-01

    The objective of the study was to evaluate the role of autologous blood transfusion in current clinical practice in the Federal Republic of Germany after reunification. Questionnaires were sent to the anaesthesia departments of 684 German hospitals in January 1993. The sample consisted of 400 randomly selected hospitals from the former West Germany ("old federal states") and 284 hospitals from the former German Democratic Republic ("new federal states"). Only hospitals with more than 25 surgical beds were included in the study. The questionnaire contained 36 questions related to (1) general information on the hospital, (2) preoperative autologous blood donation (PABD), (3) preoperative plasmapheresis, (4) isovolaemic haemodilution, (5) perioperative blood salvage, and (6) general management of blood transfusion. A total of 502 completed questionnaires (73%) were returned, 305 from hospitals in the "old federal states" and 197 from hospitals in the former German Democratic Republic. Nine per cent of the responding hospitals were running their own transfusion services, and 56% were located in the vicinity of a regional blood bank. The overall proportion of surgical procedures requiring perioperative blood transfusion ranged from 1% to 90% (median 10%). PABD was performed "not at all" in 18%, "rarely" in 20% "occasionally" in 27%, "frequently" in 17%, and "mostly" in 16% of the responding hospitals. The principal use of PABD was in orthopaedic surgery and cardiac surgery (83% and 70% of the departments in question, respectively). In more than 50% of the hospitals reporting, the PABD service was run by the anaesthesia department. Patients not meeting the established criteria for homologous blood donors were accepted for autologous blood donation "frequently" and "mostly" in 20% and 12% of the hospitals, respectively, but at most "occasionally" in 63% of the hospitals. Preoperative plasmapheresis was performed in 12% of the responding hospitals. Autologous fresh frozen

  20. Rationale and content of psychenet: the Hamburg Network for Mental Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Härter, Martin; Kentgens, Maren; Brandes, Andreas; Bock, Thomas; Dirmaier, Jörg; Erzberger, Melanie; Fürstenberg, Werner; Hillebrandt, Bernd; Karow, Anne; von dem Knesebeck, Olaf; König, Hans-Helmut; Löwe, Bernd; Meyer, Hans-Jochim; Romer, Georg; Rouhiainen, Tuula; Scherer, Martin; Thomasius, Rainer; Watzke, Birgit; Wegscheider, Karl; Lambert, Martin

    2012-11-01

    With the public-funded research and development project psychenet: the Hamburg Network for Mental Health (2011-2014), the Federal Ministry of Education and Research contributes to strengthening healthcare regions in Germany by establishing new trans-sectoral cooperations and implement and evaluate selected innovations. More than 60 partners from research, health care, health industry and government in the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg are promoting innovative measures to improve the treatment for mental disorders. The main objective is to implement integrated healthcare networks based on evidence for effective treatment methods, deriving from high-quality research throughout five indications such as psychosis, depression, somatoform and functional syndromes, anorexia and bulimia and addiction illnesses in adolescence. Those networks are accompanied by additional measures, for example, for improving information and education, addressing occupational health or strengthening the participation of patients and their families suffering from mental illness.

  1. Dalbybogen / The Dalby Book. Angersfragmentet / The Angers Fragment. Hamburgbibelen / The Hamburg Bible

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Erik

    2006-01-01

    Dalbybogen / The Dalby Book; Angersfragmentet / The Angers Fragment; Hamburgbibelen / The Hamburg Bible......Dalbybogen / The Dalby Book; Angersfragmentet / The Angers Fragment; Hamburgbibelen / The Hamburg Bible...

  2. Climate Education at the University of Hamburg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dilly, Oliver; Stammer, Detlef; Pfeiffer, Eva-Maria

    2010-05-01

    The new graduate School of Integrated Climate Sciences (www.sicss.de) at the KlimaCampus of the University of Hamburg was opened at October 20, 2009 and includes a 2-yr MSc (120 ECTS, 30 compulsory, 90 eligible) and 3-yr doctoral program (12 ECTS). About 40 students were enrolled in early 2010. The interdisciplinary MSc program is based on a number of disciplines such as meteorology, geophysics, oceanography, geosciences and also economics and social sciences. These disciplines are required to address the faced key issues related to climate change effectively. The graduate school is guiding pupils and BSc students with competence in maths and physics on how to become a climate expert. Acquisition is done internationally at fairs, uni days and dircectly at schools and intuitions for higher education. BSc degree in the disciplines listed above is set for positive application. Climate experts are needed for both research and the professional world outside the university and research institutions. In accordance, connection within and outside the university are continuously explored and soft skills for the communication to politics and the public's are included in the MSc and PhD curricula. Since the graduate school was established within the cluster of excellence ‘Integrated Climate Analysis and Predication' (www.clisap.de), this school represents a prototype for graduate programs at the University of Hamburg. Advantages and limitations of this Climate System School concept will be discussed.

  3. The ratification of the Convention on Psychotropic Substances 1971 and its transposition into national legislation in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröder, O

    1982-01-01

    The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, as amended by the 1972 Protocol Amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, and the Convention on Psychotropic Substances 1971 have been implemented in the Federal Republic of Germany as follows: (a) No distinction is made between narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances; all substances which are controlled and non-exempted preparations containing such substances fall under the legal designation of "narcotic drugs"; (b) The same control measures as for narcotic drugs apply to all substances in Schedules II, III and IV of the 1971 Convention, i.e. control of manufacture, trade, import and distribution; (c) Under the new Narcotics Act of the Federal Republic of Germany, which entered into force on 1 January 1982, preparations containing substances listed in Schedules II and III of the 1971 Convention are subject to the same full control measures, including mandatory special prescriptions, with the exception of approximately 50 preparations from substances in Schedule III of the 1971 Convention. These 50 preparations are also subject to import, export and transit controls under the Narcotics Act; (d) The approximately 50 preparations containing substances in Schedule III of the 1971 Convention, as well as all preparations containing substances in Schedule IV of this Convention (about 340), are treated as "exempted preparations" under the Narcotics Act. These preparations, however, may only be dispensed under medical prescription which is in conformity with the provisions of article 9, paragraphs 1 and 2 of the 1971 Convention; (e) Within the meaning of the Narcotics Act, the term "exempted preparations" denotes that no mandatory special prescriptions are required for these preparations but only the normal medical prescriptions. A number of regulations of the Narcotics Act apply to these exempted preparations, including: (i) Licence of manufacture; (ii) Records of dispensing of exempted preparations by the

  4. The End of Hamburg's Anglophilia: Wilhelmine Hamburg Attitudes Viewed through School Examination Essays and a University Lecture (1912-1914)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gärtner, Niko

    2014-01-01

    Late nineteenth-century German-English rivalry changed attitudes in Hamburg. Previously, the once fiercely independent city and its burgeoning mercantile middle class had developed an Anglophilia that justified Hamburg being labelled a "London suburb" and "the most British town on the Continent". The affinity for all things…

  5. Educational Theory and Practice in Post-Revolutionary Times: The European Academic Debate on the Experimental Schools in Hamburg (1919-1933) in the 1930s and 1970s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roith, Christian

    2014-01-01

    After the revolution in 1918, many reformist teachers were convinced that they could put into practice their dreams of a free and independent school in a democratic republic. Four state schools in Hamburg became anti-authoritarian school communities, in which teachers, parents and students experimented with revolutionary concepts of education. For…

  6. [Systemic Antimicrobials Consumption and Expenditures in Departments of Surgery of Multi-Profile Hospitals in the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus: Results of Multicentre Pharmacoepidemiological Study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belkova, Yu A; Rachina, S A; Kozlov, R S; Mishchenko, V M; Pavlukov, R A; Abubakirova, A I; Berezhanskiy, B V; Eliseeva, E V; Zubareva, N A; Karpov, I A; Kopylova, I A; Palyutin, Sh Kh; Portnyagina, U S; Pribytkova, O V; Samuylo, E K

    2016-01-01

    The results of the systemic antimicrobials (AM) consumption and expenditures assessment in the departments of surgery of multi-profile hospitals in different regions of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus in 2009-2010 based on retrospective collection and analysis of the data from the hospital expenditure notes using ATC/DDD methodology are presented. The average AM consumption and expenditure rates in the above mentioned departments varied from 24.9 DDD/100 bed-days to 61.7 DDD/100 bed-days depending on the department profile, with beta-lactams (cephalosporins and penicillins) share in the consumption being as high as 70-90%, followed by fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides. Only 55-70% of the consumed AM belonged to the drugs of choice, whereas the improper AM consumption and expenditure rates amounted up to 10-18%. The study outputs can be used for the budget allocation and AM distribution improvement in the departments of surgery, as well as for the development and efficacy control of the local antimicrobial stewardship programs.

  7. Radiant smiles everywhere - before the Chernobyl accident. The situation of the electric utilities in the Federal Republic of Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1986-08-01

    The business reports presented by the Federal German electric utilities for 1985 are almost all simply brillant. Electricity consumption has been going up, some of the utilities even can boast about rates kept constant over the year. But before the printed business reports could be presented to the meetings of shareholders, a nasty cloud threw a dark shadow over all the brilliant results. The Chernobyl accident made some of the hymns over the nuclear electricity increases and nuclear power in general sound rather queer. Could we do without this energy source. Substituting nuclear power would yearly require: 28 million t of oil, or 41 million t of hard coal, or 142 million t of browncoal, or 38 thousand million cubic metres of natural gas. Extrapolating current conditions and assuming best achievements, renewable energy sources might be able to meet 6 p.c. of the primary energy demands by the year 2000.

  8. The bomb as option. Motivation for the development of a nuclear infrastructure in the Federal Republic of Germany until 1963; Die Bombe als Option. Motive fuer den Aufbau einer atomtechnischen Infrastruktur in der Bundesrepublik bis 1963

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanel, Tilmann

    2015-07-01

    The book on the motivation for the development of a nuclear infrastructure in the Federal Republic of Germany until 1963 discusses the following issues: History of the German reactor development during the time of the National Socialism and World War II, reactor research abroad (examples Sweden and Switzerland), protagonists and motivation (politics, science, economy, army), the development of a nuclear infrastructure, results and consequences of the German nuclear policy until 1963.

  9. Security cooperation as a way to stop the spread of nuclear weapons? : Nuclear nonproliferation policies of the United States towards the Federal Republic of Germany and Israel, 1945-1968

    OpenAIRE

    Lahti, Makreeta

    2009-01-01

    In my dissertation on 'Security Cooperation as a Way to Stop the Spread of Nu-clear Weapons? Nuclear Nonproliferation Policies of the United States towards the Federal Republic of Germany and Israel, 1945-1968', I study the use of security assistance as nonproliferation policy. I use insights of the Structural Realist and the Rational Institutionalist theories of International Relations to explain, respectively, important foreign policy goals and the basic orientation of policies, on the one ...

  10. The Art of Memory: "Social Bookmarking Hamburg"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noga Stiassny

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available At the end of November 2016, a unique and intruding art project took place in the city of Hamburg, Germany, a result of collaboration between German artists and a Chinese artist, who all seek to commemorate the Chinese victims who lived in the city pre- World War II but had to suffer the injustices of the Nazi regime. The project lasted three days and was presented in various locations throughout the city, while including many artistic mediums alongside scholarly work. By referring to the main events of that weekend, the paper traces after a “forgotten” past that many people refuse to look at, not to say to take responsibility for it, while in contrast, the art continues to extract it from the depths of oblivion and forced amnesia – to the dismay of many.

  11. Decree amending and adding various provisions to the Penal Code for the Federal District with respect to local jurisdiction and to the Penal Code for the whole Republic with respect to federal jurisdiction, 29 December 1988. [Selected provisions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    Mexico's decree amending and adding various provisions to the penal code for the federal district, with respect to local jurisdiction, and to the penal code for the whole republic, with respect to federal jurisdiction, December 29, 1988, among other things, amends the penal code to strengthen provisions relating to sex crimes. Among the provisions are the following: anyone procuring or facilitating the corruption of a minor (under 18) or a person lacking capacity, by means of sexual acts, or who induces him to engage in begging, drunkenness, drug addiction, or some other vice; to form part of an unlawful association; or to commit whatever crimes will be imprisoned for 3-8 years and subjected to a fine. The sentence shall be enhanced if the minor or incapacitated person forms a habit due to repeated acts of corruption. Whoever encourages or facilitates a person's engaging in prostitution or obtains or delivers a person for the purpose of prostitution will be imprisoned for 2-9 years and fined. Pandering will be punished with imprisonment for 2-9 years and a fine. Whoever, without consent and without the purpose of achieving intercourse, performs on her a sexual act with lascivious intent, or forces her to perform it, will be sentenced to "15 days to 1 year's or to 10-40 days' community service work." If physical or moral violence is used, the penalty will be 2-7 years imprisonment. Performing the above act on a person under age 12 or on someone unable to resist increases the punishment. Whoever uses physical or moral violence to have intercourse with a person of whatever sex shall be imprisoned 8-14 years; using an object other than a penis either vaginally or anally on either a male or a female will result in imprisonment of 1-5 years. If the victim is under age 12, unable to resist, or if 2 or more persons commit the crime, an enhanced punishment will result.

  12. Evaluation of bias in the Hamburg wheel tracking device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    As the list of states adopting the Hamburg Wheel Tracking Device (HWTD) continues to grow, there is a need to evaluate how results are utilized. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials T 324 does not standardize the analysi...

  13. Learning by Doing: Science Education at the Hamburg Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfschmidt, Gudrun

    2015-01-01

    In my contribution I would like to offer three different examples: the activities of the association "Förderverein Hamburger Sternwarte", science education in the "astronomy workshop", and the teaching of the history of science and technology for university students.

  14. Environmental exposure to cadmium and renal function of elderly women living in cadmium-polluted areas of the Federal Republic of Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ewers, U.; Brockhaus, A.; Dolgner, R.; Freier, I.; Jermann, E.; Bernard, A.; Stiller-Winkler, R.; Hahn, R.; Manojlovic, N.

    1985-01-01

    An epidemiological study was performed to assess whether environmental pollution by cadmium as found in cadmium-polluted areas of the Federal Republic of Germany is associated with an increased prevalence of biological signs of kidney dysfunction in population groups non-occupationally exposed to heavy metals. The study was run in two industrial areas known to be highly contaminated by cadmium, lead and other heavy metals, viz. Stolberg and Duisburg. Duesseldorf was selected as a reference area. As a study population the authors selected 65- and 66-year-old women (n = 286) who had spent the major part of their lives in one of these areas. The average cadmium levels in blood (CdB) and urine (CdU) revealed significant differences in exposure to cadmium in the order Stolberg greater than Duisburg greater than Duesseldorf. Serum creatinine levels were, on average, significantly higher in the Stolberg group than in the Duisburg and Duesseldorf groups. However, with respect to the urinary excretion of low molecular weight proteins (beta 2-microglobulin, retinol-binding protein), albuminuria, total proteinuria, aminoaciduria, phosphaturia and some other biological findings, no significant differences between the study populations were noted. Similarly, the prevalence of clinically-confirmed hypertension as well as the relative frequency of hypertensive subjects (systolic greater than or equal to 160 and/or diastolic greater than or equal to 95 mm Hg) did not differ significantly among the three study groups. There was no exposure-response relationship between CdU and tubular proteinuria in the range of the CdU-levels found (0.1 to 5.2 micrograms/g creatinine). However, albuminuria tended to be increased at CdU levels greater than 2 micrograms/g creatinine.

  15. [Transfer and Implementation of Innovative Awareness and Education Measures, e-Mental Health and Care Models in psychenet - Hamburg Network for Mental Health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Martin; Härter, Martin; Brandes, Andreas; Hillebrandt, Bernd; Schlüter, Catarina; Quante, Susanne

    2015-07-01

    The Hamburg Network for Mental Health belongs to the healthcare regions in Germany, funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research from 2011 to 2015. More than 330 partners from research, health care, health industry and government are promoting innovative health care models and products to improve mental health care in Hamburg. The main objectives comprise the sustained implementation of the Network itself and of successful health care models and products. The article describes current and future implementation possibilities and the present state of the implementation process. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  16. Standard medical care of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in large specialised centres: data from the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Republic of Kazakhstan (ESSENCE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nasonov, E; Soloviev, S; Davidson, J E; Lila, A; Togizbayev, G; Ivanova, R; Baimukhamedov, Ch; Omarbekova, Zh; Iaremenko, O; Gnylorybov, A; Shevchuk, S; Vasylyev, A; Pereira, M H S

    2015-01-01

    Objectives To describe disease characteristics and treatment regimens for adult patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with autoantibody positive disease in three countries (the Russian Federation, Ukraine and Republic of Kazakhstan). Methods The ESSENCE study was a 1-year, retrospective, multicentre, observational study. Data included patients’ characteristics, disease activity and severity, and healthcare resource use in 2010. Results Twelve centres enrolled 436 eligible patients: 232 in Russia, 110 in Kazakhstan and 94 in Ukraine. Mean age ranged from 36 to 42 years and median SLE duration from 3 to 6.8 years. According to study definitions, 69.2% of patients in Russia, 72.7% in Kazakhstan and 55.4% in Ukraine had severe disease at diagnosis. SLE activity (Nasonova classification, 1972) decreased from diagnosis to the last visit in 2010 in all countries. At the last visit, mean (SD) Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment–Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index score was 13.8 (10.5) in Russia, 19.4 (16.9) in Kazakhstan and 7.2 (6.8) in Ukraine, and Systemic Lupus International Collaborative Clinics/American College of Rheumatology damage index was 2.0 (2.2), 3.3 (3.2) and 2.2 (2.0), respectively. Treatment regimens included predominantly glucocorticoids (96.7–99.1%), immunosuppressants or cytotoxic drugs, for example, azathioprine and cyclophosphamide (20.7–53.2%), and antimalarial drugs (18.3–40.8%). Conclusions The study provides reliable insight into the SLE clinical profiles in the referenced countries. Patients were 4–10 years younger in the study and had 3–7 years shorter SLE duration than in Western European countries and both SLE activity and severity were higher with higher rate of hospitalisations, but decreased during treatment. Local and international scales demonstrated correlation in SLE activity and organ damage evaluation. There were differences in clinical characteristics and

  17. Molecular Assay for Fraud Identification of Handmade Hamburgers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilda Eslami

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Meat products could be sources of enter pathogens. Identification of meat species in different foods could help us in molecular epidemiological studies of pathogens transmitted by meat. Objectives: In this study, we targeted cytochrome b for identification of beef in handmade hamburgers. Patients and Methods: A total of 110 raw handmade hamburgers were collected from different areas of Yazd city, Iran, during spring of 2013. Genomic DNA was extracted using the salting out method. The beef cytochrome b gene was amplified using specific primers. Analysis of the amplicons was done with agarose gel electrophoresis usinga100 base pair (bp DNA ladder. Results: The results showed that among the 110 handmade hamburger samples, 10 (9.09% samples did not containany cow meat while 100 samples contained cow meat. Conclusions: We used an appropriate molecular method for controlling raw and processed products. Therefore, this study would be useful for control of correct labeling and protection of consumer’s rights.

  18. [Health Economic Evaluations within the Hamburg Network for Mental Health].

    Science.gov (United States)

    König, Hans-Helmut; Grochtdreis, Thomas; Brettschneider, Christian

    2015-07-01

    Within the Hamburg Network for Mental Health, cost-effectiveness analyses of collaborative care models are conducted. After providing an overview of the international literature on the cost-effectiveness of collaborative care for mental disorders, this article describes the rationale, aims and methods of the cost-effectiveness analyses conducted within the Hamburg Network for Mental Health. Proof of cost-effectiveness is expected to promote the transfer of collaborative care models into routine care. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  19. Tarihsel Perspektif Işığında Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ve Rusya Federasyonu Arasındaki İlişkiler (Relations Between Republic of Turkey and Russian Federation In Consideration of Historical Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmail DEMİR

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In relations and state policies between Republic of Turkey and Russian Federation at present, we can see the traces of empires which were existent centuries before. Big wars occured between these empires, interests of these two empires conflicted with each other but both of them disappeared with the effect of nationalism movements, yet two new nation-states emerged from the ashes of these two empires: Republic of Turkey and Russian Federation. Long-term governments of Putin and Erdogan in Turkey and Russia provided these two states to make cooperation in the fields of politics, trade and energy, “win-win” strategy was followed but these two states had different policies in the areas of Cyprus, Chechnya, and Syrian Civil War. Especially the different oaths followed by two states in Syrian Civil War seems to be an important problem that can interrupt the good relations of these two countries. This study, while examining Russia and Turkey’s predecessors’ historical relations, at the same time reveals modern Russia and Turkey’s cooperation areas and foreign policy differences. In the light of these knowledges, predictions about relations between Turkey and Russia in the near future is left to readers’ discretion.

  20. Contents of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in Hamburg`s upper soil; Gehalte an polycyclischen aromatischen Kohlenwasserstoffen (PAK) in Hamburger Oberboeden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gras, B.; Jaeger, C.; Sievers, S.

    1996-11-01

    In 1993/95, a programme of investigations covering the area of Hamburg was carried out to determine the content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the upper soil. This programme of measurements was intended to give an overview of the general loading situation in an inhabited area and to show main points of loading. One also intended to consider how great the effect of the type of use of an area is on the PAH contents and whether information on the sources can be derived from the PAH patterns. Soil mixture samples were taken from depths of 0-10 cm and in worked areas from depths of 0-30 cm at 108 sites distributed over the city area of Hamburg, and these were examined for 19 individual PAH materials (PAH (EPA) plus 1 and 2 methyl naphthalene and Benzopyrene). Differently exposed and used sites were included in this programme. Industrial, traffic, residential areas, small gardens, agriculture, flood meadows, woods/parks, nature protection and other green areas (fallow land, meadows). (orig.) [Deutsch] 1993/95 wurde in Hamburg ein flaechendeckendes Untersuchungsprogramm zur Ermittlung der Gehalte an polycyclischen aromatischen Kohlenwasserstoffen (PAK) in Oberboeden durchgefuehrt. Dieses Messprogramm sollte einen Ueberblick ueber die generelle Belastungssituation in einem Ballungsraum geben und ggfs. Belastungsschwerpunkte aufzeigen. Es sollte ausserdem betrachtet werden, wie gross der Einfluss der jeweiligen Nutzungsart einer Flaeche auf die PAK-Gehalte ist und ob sich aus den PAK-Mustern in Oberboeden Hinweise auf Quellen ableiten lassen. An 108 Standorten verteilt ueber das Hamburger Stadtgebiet wurden aus 0-10 cm und bei bearbeiteten Flaechen aus 0-30 cm Tiefe Bodenmischproben entnommen und auf 19 PAK-Einzelstoffe untersucht (PAK(EPA) zzgl. 1- und 2-Methylnaphthalin sowie Benzo(e)pyren). In das Programm wurden unterschiedlich exponierte und genutzte Standorte einbezogen: Industrie, Verkehr, Wohngebiete, Kleingaerten, Landwirtschaft

  1. A New Type of German University Takes Root in Hamburg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bollag, Burton

    1999-01-01

    The Technical University of Hamburg-Harburg (Germany), a member of a new European consortium of innovative universities, has been broadening its revenue base by conducting research and training for industry and local government and marketing the technical advances developed in its own laboratories. An interdisciplinary approach to research is…

  2. Review and analysis of Hamburg Wheel Tracking device test data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-02-01

    The Hamburg Wheel Tracking Device (HWTD) test (TEX-242-F) and the Kansas Test Method KT-56 (KT-56), or : modified Lottman test, have been used in Kansas for the last 10 years or so to predict rutting and moisture damage potential of : Superpave mixes...

  3. Community Participation in School Management: A Parent's Eye View (Hamburg).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aviner, Saronet

    1980-01-01

    Describes the management of the International School in Hamburg, West Germany, which serves children from 42 countries, and the school's attempts to formulate a workable curriculum responsive to heterogeneous needs and frequent changes in the national composition of the student body. (SJL)

  4. Development of hamburger using full fat soybean flour | Igene ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study determined the level of soy flour appropriate for hamburger (beef patties) production. They were formulated to contain 0%, 10%, 15% and 20% of soy flour respectively with some flavouring agents. A 5-point hedonic scale was used to investigate the sensory characteristics of products in terms of juiciness, colour, ...

  5. Lepton Photon conference - Hamburg 17-22 August

    CERN Multimedia

    PH Department

    2009-01-01

    An easier registration procedure has been recently set up for the Lepton Photon conference, to be held in Hamburg, Germany from 17 to 22 August. To sign up, simply send an email to lp09@desy.de and request an invitation. For more details, check the website http://lp09.desy.de/

  6. Insecure Identities: Unaccompanied Minors as Refugees in Hamburg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, Joachim

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyses the financial circumstances and social income of nearly one hundred unaccompanied minors who have come to Hamburg as refugees from various regions of Africa. It is based on extensive qualitative surveys, analysing their objective conditions of life and in particular their legal situation. A wide range of interview material and…

  7. Convention on Nuclear Safety - CNS. Report by the government of the Federal Republic of Germany for the sixth review conference in March/April 2014; Uebereinkommen ueber nukleare Sicherheit. Bericht der Regierung der Bundesrepublik Deutschland fuer die Sechste Ueberpruefungstagung im Maerz/April 2014

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-08-01

    The report by the government of the Federal Republic of Germany for the sixth review conference (Convention on Nuclear Safety - CNS) in March/April 2014 covers the following issues: reappraisal of nuclear energy in the Federal Republic of Germany; measures as consequence of the reactor accident in the nuclear power plant Fukushima; safety regulations; execution of the IRRS follow-up mission in Germany; safety management and technical qualification of the occupational personnel; safety surveillance; radiation protection, overview on important safety topics; events and incidents larger INES 0. Assessment of the existing nuclear facilities; progress and changes since 2011; future activities.

  8. Change of traction voltage in 100 years of the Hamburg city railway; Traktionsspannungswechsel in 100 Jahren S-Bahn Hamburg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, H. [S-Bahn Hamburg GmbH, Hamburg (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    In its 100-year history the Hamburg city railway was operated with a.c. voltage in the beginning and with a.c. voltage later on. There were numerous attempts at changing back the currently used type of voltage before finally a Solomonic solution was found with the introduction of dual-current vehicles. (orig.)

  9. 2ndAll-Russiaand international youth school & conference “Natural systems and economies of Central Asia: fundamental issues and prospects of sustainable use” (October 6-9, 2015, Kyzyl, Republic of Tuva, Russian Federation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evgenia A. Domozhakova

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This is a review of the 2nd All-Russia youth conference attended by young researchers from educational and research institutions of Tuva, Khakasia, Novosibirsk and China. The conference was held 6 to 9 October, 2015, at Tuva Institute for Complex Development of Natural Resources, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Kyzyl, Republic of Tuva, Russian Federation. The conference, combined with a research school, celebrated the 20th anniversary of TICDNR (TIKOPR. It aimed to help scientists exchange valuable empirical information and set the prospects of sustainable use of natural resources over the vast region of Central Asia. Other goals included tracing practical implementation of important projects on resource use and providing methodological aid to young scientists in planning and doing research. The conference included four panels: “Issues and prospects of economic development”, “Studies in geology and metallogeny”, “Innovations in chemical engineering” and “Biodiversity and environmental studies” (the largest panel, featuring 14 papers in entomology, zoology, botany, and soil and environmental studies. Panel discussions helped formulate a number of suggestions and recommendations, including those addressed to the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Tuva and covering the crucial strategic priorities of industrial development, including power engineering, the environmental improvement in the region and the regional program to reduce rural unemployment.

  10. Mining in the Federal Republic of Germany 2012. Mining industries and statistics. 64th year 2013. Documentation; Der Bergbau in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 2012. Bergwirtschaft und Statistik. 64. Jahrgang 2013. Dokumentation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-11-15

    The annual report of the series ''The mining industry in the Federal Republic of Germany - Mountain Economics and Statistics'' is published by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology in cooperation with the mining authorities of the federal states. It contains comprehensive data of all production facilities of mining industry in Germany and describes the position of the German industry in the context of the overall economic development. The report shows an interest in local raw materials as well as on the international raw materials economy. Moreover, the present publication provides a detailed statistics section. [German] Der Jahresbericht in der Reihe ''Der Bergbau in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland - Bergwirtschaft und Statistik'' wird vom Bundesministerium fuer Wirtschaft und Technologie in Zusammenarbeit mit den Bergbehoerden der Bundeslaender herausgegeben. Er enthaelt umfassende Daten aller Produktionsbetriebe des Bergbaus in Deutschland und beschreibt die Lage des deutschen Bergbaus im Zusammenhang mit der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung. Der Bericht geht sowohl auf heimische Rohstoffe als auch auf die internationale Rohstoffwirtschaft ein. Darueber hinaus liefert die vorliegende Publikation einen ausfuehrlichen Statistikteil.

  11. Misconceived Traditions: On the dispute between Ingarden, Wellek and Hamburger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerardo Argüelles Fernández

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the recovery of the phenomenological and ontological legacy of Roman Ingarden given the controversies of his work with prestigious names in literature theory such as René Wellek and Käte Hamburger. This is in order to defend Ingarden’s aesthetic theory which, according to my premises, has not been properly recognized in the framework of traditional knowledge of contemporary literary theories

  12. 11 July 2012 - Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador M. Alemu Getahun, Permanent Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva signing the guest book with Head of International relations F. Pauss.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    11 July 2012 - Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador M. Alemu Getahun, Permanent Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva signing the guest book with Head of International relations F. Pauss.

  13. Arvi Hamburg : rumal arst võib tappa korraga ühe inimese, rumal insener tuhandeid / Arvi Hamburg ; interv. Taivo Paju

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hamburg, Arvi, 1948-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Inseneride Liidu president Arvi Hamburg annab lühiülevaate insenerides arvukusest ja kutsekvalifikatsioonist. Projekt tehnikahariduse ja insenerikutse populaarsuse tõstmiseks. Vt. samas: Lühiülevaade inseneri kutseala kvalifikatsioonitasemetest

  14. Merger control in the energy sector. An empirical investigation for the Federal Republic of Germany; Fusionskontrolle in der leitungsgebundenen Energiewirtschaft. Eine empirische Untersuchung fuer Deutschland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lauk, Martina Margret

    2008-11-06

    In 1998, EU legislation initiated a liberalisation process among European energy markets. The process of market opening has significantly changed the functioning of the markets and the competition conditions of the energy sector. At the same time, the industry witnessed a surge of mergers and far-reaching changes in the structure of German electricity and natural gas markets occurred. Against this background, the doctoral thesis at hand surveys the merger activities in the energy sector as well as the merger control policy of the German Federal Cartel Office during the first years of liberalisation. The study starts with a portrayal of the institutional framework of the German merger control regime and a survey of the relevant economic literature on horizontal and vertical mergers. Subsequent to the legal and theoretical considerations, the merger activities and the merger control policy of the German Federal Cartel Office are investigated empirically. The data set is based on information taken from merger control files at the archive of the Federal Cartel Office in Bonn. It contains information on more than 250 merger cases and appendant decisions in the German natural gas and electricity sector put before the Federal Cartel Office between 1999 and 2003. In order to perform a statistical analysis, the information contained in the written decisions is transformed into variables. The data set is complemented by information on electricity and gas networks taken from external data sources. The empirical part of the study is divided into two parts: The aim of the first part is to investigate the integration strategies of energy utilities with respect to basic characteristics of the firms involved as well as structural factors of the markets affected by the respective mergers. In the descriptive section, key patterns of the integration strategies of the energy utilities can be identified. The results of the discrete choice analysis show that in addition to firm size of

  15. Hamburg subway vehicles with new control and traction systems; Hamburger U-Bahn-Fahrzeuge mit neuer Leit- und Antriebstechnik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Polster, H.J.; Lehr, G.; Werner-Wieland, P. [Bombardier Transportation, LRV, Mannheim (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    With a view to testing new technologies for future vehicle series for the Hamburg subway network, the last 17 DT4 cars to be delivered under a current contract were equipped with the latest generation of control and traction systems. A MITRAC control system was installed instead of the MICAS-S type used in the DT4 vehicles delivered before. The GTO converters were replaced by IGBT elements. The concept is designed to allow for the change-over of DT4 vehicles of previous series to the new system. (orig.)

  16. [Acute ethanol intoxication among children and adolescents in Hamburg, Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolle, M; Sack, P-M; Spieles, H; Thomasius, R

    2010-09-01

    By using an anonymous postcard reporting system, data of n=358 children, adolescents, and young adults who were treated in 26 emergency departments because of acute alcohol intoxication were collected. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of acute alcohol intoxications in Hamburg, compare these data with the official hospital diagnosis register, and analyze the circumstances that led to the intoxication. A total of 358 cases were reported by the postcard system. Age ranged from 11-21 years, with 64.5% being 14-17 years old. Data were collected in the municipal area of Hamburg during the calendar year of 2008. The percentage of female patients was 65.6% in the age group from 11-17 years and decreased in the age group of patients being 18 years and older. A vast majority of patients were admitted by ambulance and were reported as being a"first offender". On average, male patients showed a higher level of blood alcohol when being admitted (2.02 ‰) than female patients (1.76 ‰). The older the age group, the higher the blood alcohol level. Among drinking circumstances, the situation"drank together with friends" was most frequently reported. In comparison with the official hospital diagnosis register, prevalence was 31.6% higher. This could mean that the prevalence reported in the official hospital diagnosis register is an underestimation of the actual case numbers.

  17. [Health Care for Refugees: Challenges and Opportunities in Hamburg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakubowski, Elke; Rau, Cornelius; Quellhorst, Sibylle; Sothmann, Peter; Plenge-Bönig, Anita; Niessen, Johannes

    2017-08-01

    The massive increase in the number of refugees represents a great challenge to German cities. In Hamburg, 40 868 asylum seekers were registered in 2015, of which 22 315 remained in the city. The goal of the health administration is to provide primary medical care in response to specific health risks and needs of refugees while allowing them to be swiftly integrated into the standard health care system. Public authorities, charities and civil society are working hand in hand. In all reception centres in Hamburg, medical consultations with translation services are offered in fully equipped medical container practices. For every 1 000 refugees, a full-time doctor and a medical assistant are available. In addition to contractual staff, employees of contractually integrated hospitals are participating in the provision of medical care. Systematic collection of data on the health condition of the refugees as well as strengthening public health services are key factors in the planning and improvement of services in the future. Healthier living conditions and access to the standard health care system provide an opportunity to facilitate successful integration of refugees into society. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  18. Operation and organization of Hamburg's S-Bahn; Verkehr und Betrieb der Hamburger S-Bahn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huettel, M. [S-Bahn Hamburg GmbH, Hamburg (Germany). Projektleitung Stade

    2005-11-01

    Nearly a hundred years have gone by since the first electric regional-express (S-Bahn) trains ran in Hamburg on the line between Blankenese and Ohlsdorf. Much has changed in the operation of this railway system since then: AC traction has been switched to DC, open-saloon trains have replaced compartment multiple units, and drivers are now responsible for supervising their own trains in stations, replacing the former conductors, platform supervisors and central dispatchers. Over the years, the network has grown, thanks to the construction of new lines, and is now more than 110 kilometres long. A further 35 kilometres are to be added in the coming years, and it is interesting to note that the trains will be returning to an AC feed over 32 of them. Other additions to the network are also possible sometime in the future. Since the 1990s the S-Bahn system has been the object of a thorough modernization programme, including new and renovated trains, a modern operations and service centre and new destination indicators and information columns in stations. The operator, S-Bahn Hamburg GmbH, can rightly claim that passengers' interests are at the heart of its investment decisions. (orig.)

  19. PROTESTOS DO SUPREMO TRIBUNAL FEDERAL NA PRIMEIRA REPÚBLICA – O JULGAMENTO DO HABEAS CORPUS 8800 E O CONFLITO ENTRE OS PODERES JUDICIÁRIO E EXECUTIVO / PROTESTS BY THE SUPREME COURT DURING THE FIRST REPUBLIC – THE TRIAL OF HABEAS CORPUS 8800 AND THE CONFLICT BETWEEN EXECUTIVE AND JUDICIARY POWERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laila Maia Galvão

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This research investigates the role of the Brazilian Supreme Federal Court (Supremo Tribunal Federal – STF during the First Republic (1889-1930 from an institutional perspective, focusing especially on the conflictual relationship between the executive power and the judiciary one. It describes some episodes involving the so-called issue of protests in which that Court expressed its resentment through a public statement against the actions of the executive branch. From the detailed analysis of one of these episodes, occurred in 1923, it will be possible to demonstrate the competition for power between the Supreme Court and the Presidency.

  20. Annual report on reactor safety research projects sponsored by the Ministry of Economics and Labour of the Federal Republic of Germany. Reporting period 2004. Progress report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    Within its competence for energy research, the Bundesministerium fuer Wirtschaft und Technology (BMWi) (Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology) sponsors investigations into the safety of nuclear power plants. The objective of these investigations is to provide fundamental knowledge, procedures and methods to contribute to realistic safety assessments of nuclear installations, to the further development of safety technology and to make use of the potential of innovative safety-related approaches. The Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen- und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS) mbH, by order of the BMWi, continuously issues information on the status of such investigations by publishing semi-annual and annual progress reports within the series of GRS-F-Fortschrittsberichte (GRS-F-Progress Reports). Each progress report represents a compilation of individual reports about the objectives, work performed, results achieved, next steps of the work etc. The individual reports are prepared in a standard form by the research organisations themselves as documentation of their progress in work and are published by the Research Management Division of GRS within the framework of general information on the progress in reactor safety research. The compilation of the reports is classified according to general topics related to reactor safety research. Further, use is made of the classification system 'Joint Safety Research Index' of the CEC (Commission of the European Communities). The reports are arranged in sequence of their project numbers. It has to be pointed out that the authors of the reports are responsible for the contents of this compilation. The BMWi does not take any responsibility for the correctness, exactness and completeness of the information nor for the observance of private claims of third parties. (orig.)

  1. [Telematics and quality. Implementation of a telematic platform in Hamburg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niemeyer, A; Stettin, J

    2005-07-01

    Since the end of the year 2000 a group of interested people has been working on the subject of quality improvement in breast cancer. Within this framework the project "improvement of breast cancer treatment by telemedicine" was started. Based on a workflow analysis and interviews with patients as well as health professionals, it turned out that there are gaps and flaws in the communication process. These problems occurred between health professionals involved in the treatment of patients and between health professionals and patients as well. As a result a telemedicine network has been developed which is based on MPLS technology. Within this network a central communication unit facilitates optimization of the workflow for the treatment of breast cancer. It will also be possible to set up groups for integrated care. Currently the system is being evaluated in specific breast centres in Hamburg. As the net is based on a positive business plan, it can be foreseen that a broad implementation will follow.

  2. [German Society of Urology Congress, Hamburg and the Presidential Medal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albrecht, K; Schultheiss, D

    2017-02-01

    The German Society of Urology (DGU) e. V. meeting has been an integral part of knowledge sharing among national and international experts since 1907. Hamburg was the host city for this meeting nine times (until 2015), including the 47th Annual Meeting of the DGU in 1995 under the presidency of Prof. Dr. U. Jonas (Hannover). As part of the 47th conference, a new insignia in the form of the Presidential Medal was given to the designated successor for the first time. The medal, which is in the form of a chain, was made in a small workshop in Idar-Oberstein, Germany.

  3. Gilles Coignet. A migrant painter from Antwerp and his Hamburg career

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbara Uppenkamp

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The painter Gilles Coignet was born in Antwerp c. 1542 to a family of artists and scientists. He spent some time in Italy and, as a Lutheran Protestant, fled from Antwerp to Amsterdam in 1585. He lived in Hamburg since 1595, where he died in December 1599. Here he had contact with other Netherlandish artists. Van Mander reports that it was Coignet who advised Vredeman de Vries to move from Hamburg to Amsterdam in 1598. This contribution focuses on Coignet’s last years and sheds new light on the professional and social networks of exiled Netherlandish artists in Hamburg.

  4. Distribution of rodenticide resistance and zoonotic pathogens in Norway rats in Lower Saxony and Hamburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Runge, Martin; von Keyserlingk, Michael; Braune, Silke; Becker, Detlef; Plenge-Bönig, Anita; Freise, Jona F; Pelz, Hans-Joachim; Esther, Alexandra

    2013-03-01

    Genetically based resistance to anticoagulants has led to increasing difficulties in the control of rodents over recent decades. The possible impact of rodenticide-resistant rats on the infection risk of humans and livestock by zoonotic pathogens is generally unknown. Hence, in a monitoring programme in the German federal states of Lower Saxony and Hamburg, more than 500 Norway rats were analysed for both Tyr139Cys polymorphisms within the VKORC1 gene and zoonotic agents. Evidence of resistance was almost completely restricted to the known resistance area in southern Lower Saxony. Homozygous mutations were only found in urban areas sampled owing to the occurrence of rat control problems and were missing in bycatches of rats by muskrat trappers in rural areas. In more than 25% of the rats, zoonotic bacteria (Leptospira, Salmonella, Yersinia and Coxiella) were detected. There was no obvious correlation between the occurrence of rats carrying zoonotic pathogens and anticoagulant resistance. Zoonotic agents and genetically based resistance conferred by the Tyr139Cys polymorphism are both unevenly distributed in Lower Saxony. The study provides the basis for further studies focusing on districts with high levels of pathogens and resistance to assess the potential health risk of their combined occurrence. Copyright © 2012 Society of Chemical Industry.

  5. Evaluation of Georgia asphalt mixture properties using a Hamburg wheel-tracking device.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-01

    This study used a Hamburg Wheel-Tracking Device (HWTD) to evaluate the resistance of Georgia asphalt mixtures to rutting and stripping. It aimed to develop an HWTD test procedure and criteria aligned with GDOTs asphalt materials and mixture design...

  6. Quarterly Costs Of Transporting Brazilian Soybeans From The North And Northeastern Ports To Hamburg, Germany

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Agriculture — Quarterly total landed costs (truck and ocean) of shipping Brazilian soybeans through the ports of Santarém and São Luís to Hamburg, Germany. This is table 6 of the...

  7. [Madness and malaria--intersections and boundary blurring between psychiatry and tropical medicine in Hamburg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wulf, Stefan; Schmiedebach, Heinz-Peter

    2014-01-01

    The object of this article is to point out and to discuss the significant intersections and boundary blurring between psychiatry and tropical medicine while treating malaria in the German "colonial metropolis" Hamburg. The focus of this study is the Hamburg asylum at Friedrichsberg and the Institute for Maritime and Tropical Diseases (Hamburg Tropical Institute). Under analysis are two groups of patients as well as the means with which their doctors treated them: 1. patients who have been sent back from the German colonies in Africa after mental disorders had been diagnosed, and 2. patients suffering from general paralysis and treated in Friedrichsberg after 1919 using the then newly developed malaria fever therapy (according to Wagner-Jauregg). The implementation of this latter led to an intensification of the cooperation between psychiatry and tropical medicine in Hamburg which prior to this had been only very sporadic.

  8. Die Bedeutung des industriellen Sektors in der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg

    OpenAIRE

    Kowalewski, Julia; Teuber, Mark-Oliver

    2013-01-01

    Die Hamburger Industrieunternehmen sind ein bedeutender Faktor für die Schaffung und Sicherung von Arbeitsplätzen in der Hansestadt und dem gesamten Umland. Durch eine weitreichende Branchenvielfalt bildet die Hamburger Industrie den vollständigen Wertschöpfungsprozess ab. Zudem leistet sie einen wesentlichen Beitrag zu Einkommens-, Körperschafts- und Kommunalsteuern. Ein besonderer Schwerpunkt der Hansestadt liegt zum Beispiel im Bereich des Luft- und Raumfahrzeugbaus. Aber auch andere, teil...

  9. Discipline-Related Curriculum Studies as Part of the Study Course for Science Teachers of Grades 5-13 at Universities in the Federal Republic of Germany: A Description of Organization and Curriculum - Situation in 1980. Fachdidaktik in mathematisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Hochschulstudien der Lehrer der Schuljahre 5 bis 13 in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland: Eine Beschreibung von Organisation und Curriculum. Stand 1980. IPN Report in Brief, 21.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bunder, Wolfgang; Frey, Karl

    Presented is a description of the preservice teacher education program for science teachers of grades 5-13 in the Federal Republic of Germany. Information reported is focused on the science content portion of the preservice program rather than on the education courses and field experiences. (PB)

  10. [Quality of Glaucoma Care in the Greater Hamburg Area].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waibel, S; Gesser, C; Klemm, M

    2017-08-01

    Background There is insufficient data on the quality of health services and health-related quality of life of patients with glaucoma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which the health services for glaucoma patients in the Greater Hamburg area conform to the guidelines set by the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG). Materials and Methods 196 glaucoma patients were offered an interview-administered questionnaire during their inpatient diurnal IOP measurement. The quality of glaucoma care and examinations recommended by the DOG were analysed. The results of the questionnaire were correlated with glaucoma severity, according to the stage of visual field defects. The correlation to the type of glaucoma was also analysed. Results The frequency of visits to the ophthalmologist was 5.1 per year. Most patients reported quarterly medical consultations. The majority of patients reported short waiting periods, because appointments were made in advance. In 92 % of cases, an intraocular pressure measurement was performed with each medical consultation. Half of the patients stated that their intraocular pressure had been measured at different times of the day. The visual field was tested a mean of 0.9 times per year at the ophthalmology clinic, but 1.4 times per year in the outpatient area. Further measures for glaucoma diagnostic testing were carried out 0.8 times per year at the ophthalmology clinic, and 0.4 times per year in the outpatient area. For the majority of patients, there were no additional costs for outpatient glaucoma diagnostic testing. Only 4 % of patients had to pay more than 100 € per year for these services. Conclusions For the majority of glaucoma patients in the Greater Hamburg area, the glaucoma health services conform to the guidelines set by the German Ophthalmological Society. Intraocular pressure measurements were performed on almost all patients at the regular check-ups and visual fields were examined as recommended

  11. Investigation of impacts to federally endangered freshwater mussels of the Lower Ohio River: Chemical and biological survey for environmental contaminants adjacent to the Republic Creosoting Hazardous Waste Site near Joppa, Illinois

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — A survey for contaminants in bed sediments and freshwater mussels was conducted in the region of the Lower Ohio River adjacent to the Republic Creosoting hazardous...

  12. Nonvolatile organic pollutants in domestic dust samples from the urban Hamburg area; Schwerfluechtige organische Umweltchemikalien in Hamburger Hausstaeuben

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    Nonvolatile organic pollutants were measured in 65 private apartments, i.e. biocides, softeners, flame protection agents, stabilisers, soot, tar and bitumen which are contained in many everyday products and building materials. The homes were the private homes of staff members of the Hamburg Environmental Office and their friends; none of the homes were problem cases. The information was obtained by collecting vacuum cleaner dust. The inhomogeneous dust was screened, and the < 63 {mu}m fraction was analyzed. This fraction was homogeneously enough to provide reproducible results. Chloroparaffins and organic tin compounds were measured for the first time ever in this project. While the concentrations of chloroparaffins were significant, organic tin compounds are rather scarce. Bis(2,ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) was the main component in nearly all household dust samples. Phthalates in general had the highest concentrations. Next to phthalates, chloroparaffins and the biocide permethrin were found in high concentrations, followed by organic phosphates, further biocides, organic tin compounds and benzo(a)pyrene. The individual substances wre assessed on the basis of 95 percent percentiles obtained from the measured frequency distributions. This figure means that 95 percent of the household dust have a lower or equal concentration than the 95 percent percentile. 95 percent percentiles are generally used as reference values in environmental measurements. The reference values presented here should be considered as preliminary values, owing to the fact that the apartments are not representative of the city of Hamburg, and 65 dust samples are too small a data base. Among the most important substances, owing to their high concentrations and/or toxic effects, are DEHP with a preliminary reference value of 1600 mg/kg of household dust, dibutyl phthalate with 180 mg/kg of dust, short-chain chloroparaffins with 180 mg/kg of dust, permethrin with 110 mg/kg of dust, monobutyl tin

  13. 76 FR 6762 - Drill Pipe From the People's Republic of China: Amended Final Determination of Critical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-08

    ... International Trade Administration Drill Pipe From the People's Republic of China: Amended Final Determination... Federal Register the final determination in the antidumping duty ] investigation of drill pipe from the People's Republic of China (``PRC'').\\1\\ \\1\\ See Drill Pipe From the People's Republic of China: Final...

  14. 11 CFR 109.23 - Dissemination, distribution, or republication of candidate campaign materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 11 Federal Elections 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Dissemination, distribution, or republication... SEC. 214(c)) Coordination § 109.23 Dissemination, distribution, or republication of candidate campaign materials. (a) General rule. The financing of the dissemination, distribution, or republication, in whole or...

  15. Processing, physicochemical, and sensory analyses of ostrich meat hamburger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Lúcia Ferreira de Souza

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to assess the potential utilization of ostrich meat trimming in hamburger preparation, as well as its physicochemical and sensory characterization. Using ostrich meat trimmings from the legs and neck, four different formulations were prepared with varied amounts of bacon and textured soybean protein. Physical analysis of yield, shrinkage percentage, and water retention capacity and chemical analysis of proximate composition, cholesterol levels, and calories were performed. The formulations underwent sensory analysis by 52 potential ostrich meat consumers, who evaluated tenderness, juiciness, flavor, and purchase intent. The formulations containing textured soybean protein showed the highest yield, lowest shrinkage percentage, and highest water retention capacity. Lipid content varied from 0.58 to 4.99%; protein from 17.08 to 21.37%; ash from 3.00 to 3.62%; moisture from 73.87 to 76.27%; cholesterol from 22.54 to 32.11 mg.100 g-1; and calorie from 87.22 to 163.42 kcal.100 g-1. All formulations showed low cholesterol and calorie levels, even that containing 10% bacon and 3.5% textured soybean protein, which achieved the best scores and acceptance by the panelists.

  16. Federal Republic of Germany, A Country Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-02-01

    disseminates information to interested police forces and coordinates exchanges of information between them. It also operates a forensic laboratory and makes the...Glaser, Hermann. "On the Physiognomy of the West German Mind: A Time Exposure with Focusing Difficulties." Pages 17-25 in TwoEssayson Contemporary

  17. From Holland to Hamburg: The Experimental and Community Schools of Hamburg Seen through the Eyes of Dutch Observers (1919-1933)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braster, Sjaak

    2014-01-01

    In the period 1919-1933 the experimental and community schools in Hamburg tried to put into practice a new model of schooling without a set curriculum that was based on providing a considerable amount of freedom for pupils and teachers. These experiences were introduced in the Netherlands by way of magazines published by the New Education…

  18. [Habitus, capital and fields: the search for an acting head of the Hamburg Asylum Friedrichsberg in 1897].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sammet, Kai

    2005-01-01

    In 1897 Hamburg was in search of an Oberarzt for the asylum Friedrichsberg who should function as the acting head of the head Wilhelm Reye (1833-1912). This search was part of the intended reformation of the outmoded psychiatric care in Hamburg. During this application procedure the Hamburg Physikus John Wahncau examined all possible candidates and applicants. The article explores the election process by using some sociological categories developed by Pierre Bourdieu (habitus, capital, field). The author argues that not only meritocratic attributes led to the choice of one candidate, but also his functional "fitting" into the field in Hamburg.

  19. Convention on Nuclear Safety - CNS. Report by the government of the Federal Republic of Germany for the seventh review conference in March/April 2017; Uebereinkommen ueber nukleare Sicherheit. Bericht der Regierung der Bundesrepublik Deutschland fuer die Siebte Ueberpruefungstagung im Maerz/April 2017

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2016-06-22

    The CNS (Convention on Nuclear Safety) report by the government of the Federal Republic of Germany for the seventh review conference in March/April 2017 covers the following topics: Summary of the most important results since the sixth review conference: existing nuclear facilities, frame for legislation and execution, licensing system, regulatory authority, governmental organizations, responsibility of the licensee, priority of safety, financing and personnel, human factors, quality assurance, safety assessment, radiation protection, emergency preparedness, site selection for nuclear facilities, design and construction, operation.

  20. Recurrence rate and subjective symptoms after standardized (Hamburg protocol) phototherapeutic keratectomy on recurrent corneal erosions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehlan, J; Steinberg, J; Traber, L; Katz, T; Linke, S J

    2016-10-01

    To evaluate the objective and subjective outcome after phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) on recurrent corneal erosions (Hamburg protocol). For the standardized PTK according to Hamburg protocol a manual abrasio corneae performed with 20 % alcohol is followed by an excimer ablation depth of ≥15 μm (group1 15 μm; group 2 > 15 μm ablation depth) and 7 mm optical zone. All patients (N = 48) were invited for follow-up examinations and the evaluation of changes concerning subjective symptoms. A significantly reduced subjective impairment of night vision, significantly less pain and less foreign body sensations (for all p Hamburg Schema) is a safe and effective procedure to reduce subjective symptoms and improve discomfort in recurrent corneal erosion.

  1. Spread of Measles Virus D4-Hamburg, Europe, 2008–2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihneva, Zefira; Gold, Hermann; Baumgarte, Sigrid; Baillot, Armin; Helble, Rudolph; Roggendorf, Hedwig; Bosevska, Golubinka; Nedeljkovic, Jasminka; Makowka, Agata; Hutse, Veronik; Holzmann, Heidemarie; Aberle, Stefan W.; Cordey, Samuel; Necula, Gheorghe; Mentis, Andreas; Korukluoğlu, Gulay; Carr, Michael; Brown, Kevin E.; Hübschen, Judith M.; Muller, Claude P.; Mulders, Mick N.; Santibanez, Sabine

    2011-01-01

    A new strain of measles virus, D4-Hamburg, was imported from London to Hamburg in December 2008 and subsequently spread to Bulgaria, where an outbreak of >24,300 cases was observed. We analyzed spread of the virus to demonstrate the importance of addressing hard-to-reach communities within the World Health Organization European Region regarding access to medical care and vaccination campaigns. The D4-Hamburg strain appeared during 2009–2011 in Poland, Ireland, Northern Ireland, Austria, Greece, Romania, Turkey, Macedonia, Serbia, Switzerland, and Belgium and was repeatedly reimported to Germany. The strain was present in Europe for >27 months and led to >25,000 cases in 12 countries. Spread of the virus was prevalently but not exclusively associated with travel by persons in the Roma ethnic group; because this travel extends beyond the borders of any European country, measures to prevent the spread of measles should be implemented by the region as a whole. PMID:21801615

  2. Sharp increase of imported Plasmodium vivax malaria seen in migrants from Eritrea in Hamburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roggelin, Louise; Tappe, Dennis; Noack, Bernd; Addo, Marylyn M; Tannich, Egbert; Rothe, Camilla

    2016-06-17

    Since 2014, a considerable increase in Plasmodium vivax malaria has been observed in Germany. The majority of cases was seen in Eritrean refugees. All patients with P. vivax malaria admitted to the University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf Germany from 2011 until August 2015 were retrospectively identified by the hospital coding system and data was matched with records from the laboratory diagnostics unit of the Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany. Between May 2014 and August 2015, 37 cases were reported in newly-arrived Eritrean refugees at the University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany. Relapses occurred due to difficulties in procurement of primaquine. Countries hosting Eritrean refugees need to be aware of vivax malaria occurring in this group and the risk of autochthonous cases due to local transmission by indigenous, vector competent Anopheles species.

  3. Formative Studies of First Year of the Competency-Based Field Center for Teacher Education at Hamburg, New York.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bicknell, J. E.; And Others

    This report describes the first-year progress of the Fredonia/Hamburg Teacher Education Center and is concerned with aspects of the general format, program, and organization of the center. Chapter one defines and discusses the development of competency-based programs and describes the purpose of the Teacher Education Center at Fredonia/Hamburg.…

  4. Gilles Coignet. A migrant painter from Antwerp and his Hamburg career

    OpenAIRE

    Barbara Uppenkamp

    2015-01-01

    The painter Gilles Coignet was born in Antwerp c. 1542 to a family of artists and scientists. He spent some time in Italy and, as a Lutheran Protestant, fled from Antwerp to Amsterdam in 1585. He lived in Hamburg since 1595, where he died in December 1599. Here he had contact with other Netherlandish artists. Van Mander reports that it was Coignet who advised Vredeman de Vries to move from Hamburg to Amsterdam in 1598. This contribution focuses on Coignet’s last years and sheds new light on t...

  5. [Improving Mental Health Literacy and Mental Illness Stigma in the Population of Hamburg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Martin; Härter, Martin; Arnold, Detlef; Dirmaier, Jörg; Tlach, Lisa; Liebherz, Sarah; Sänger, Sylvia; Karow, Anne; Brandes, Andreas; Sielaff, Gyöngyver; Bock, Thomas

    2015-07-01

    Evidence shows that poor mental health literacy and stigmatization have negative consequences on mental health. However, studies on interventions to improve both are often heterogenic in methodology and results. The psychenet-campaign in Hamburg was developed and implemented in collaboration with patients and relatives and comprised multidimensional interventions focusing on education and contact to patients. The main goals were the improvement of mental health literacy and destigmatization and the long-term implementation within Hamburg's mental health care system. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  6. Factors fragmenting the Russian Federation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, E.

    1993-10-06

    This paper examines the factors that threaten the future of the Russian Federation (RF). The observations are based on a study that focused on eight republics: Mordova, Udmurtia, Tatarstan, Mari El, Bashkortostan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Buryatia, and Altay Republic. These republics were selected for their geographic and economic significance to the RF. Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Udmurtia, and Mari El are located on important supply routes, such as the Volga River and the trans-Siberian railroad. Some of these republics are relatively wealthy, with natural resources such as oil (e.g., Tatarstan and Bashkortostan), and all eight republics play significant roles in the military-industrial complex. The importance of these republics to the RF contrasts to the relative insignificance of the independence-minded Northern Caucasus area. The author chose not to examine the Northern Caucasus region (except Kabardino-Balkaria) because these republics may have only a minor impact on the rest of the RF if they secede. Their impact would be minimized because they lie on the frontiers of the RF. Many Russians believe that {open_quotes}it might be best to let such a troublesome area secede.{close_quotes}

  7. Electric current, thermal energy, cold and zero current for the Airport Fuhlsbuettel in Hamburg; Strom, Waerme, Kaelte und Notstrom fuer den Flughafen Fuhlsbuettel, Hamburg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lindenau, C. [Ingenieurgesellschaft Ridder/Meyn, Norderstedt (Germany)

    1995-12-31

    Several technical plants have been built for the energy supply of the new Terminal 4 and Pier of the Airport Fuhlsbuettel in Hamburg. A cogeneration power plant with a refrigerating plant has been erected for the supply with thermal energy, steam, cold and electric current. The energies which have been gained from natural gas have been integrated into the overall system Airport. The task of this plant is to guarantee an almost autarkic supply of the Pier and Terminal with electric current, thermal energy, cold and steam. (orig.) [Deutsch] Fuer die Versorgung des Neubaus Terminal 4 und Pier des Flughafens Fuhlsbuettel in Hamburg, wurden mehrere Technikzentralen neu geschaffen. Fuer die Waerme-, Dampf-, Kaelte- und Stromversorgung ist ein Blockheizkraftwerk mit Kaeltezentrale errichtet worden. Die hier aus Erdgas gewandelten Energien sind in das Gesamtsystem des Flughafens eingebunden. Aufgabe dieser Zentrale ist es, fuer eine weitgehend autarke Versorgung des Neubaus Pier und Terminal mit Strom, Waerme, Kaelte und Dampf zu sorgen. (orig.)

  8. Ergebnisse der Nachuntersuchung einiger Rhizostomeen-Typen Haeckel's und Chun's aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Hamburg

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stiasny, G.

    1922-01-01

    Durch das Entgegenkommen der Herren Prof. Dr. Hans Lohmann und Prof. Dr. Ernst Hentschel, denen ich hiefür bestens danke, wurde ich in die Lage versetzt, einige Typen-Exemplare von Haeckel und Chun, die sich im Zoologischen Museum der Universität in Hamburg befinden, nachzuuntersuchen. Dies erwies

  9. Local effects of global climate change on the urban drainage system of Hamburg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krieger, Klaus; Kuchenbecker, Andreas; Hüffmeyer, Nina; Verworn, Hans-Reinhard

    2013-01-01

    The Hamburg Water Group owns and operates a sewer network with a total length of more than 5,700 km. There has been increasing attention paid to the possible impacts of predicted changes in precipitation patterns on the sewer network infrastructure. The primary objective of the work presented in this paper is an estimation of the hydraulic impacts of climate change on the Hamburg drainage system. As a first step, simulated rainfalls based on the regional climate model REMO were compared and validated with long-term precipitation measurements. In the second step, the hydraulic effects on the sewer network of Hamburg have been analyzed based on simulated long-term rainfall series for the period of 2000-2100. Simulation results show a significant increase in combined sewer overflows by 50% as well as an increase in surcharges of storm sewer manholes. However, there is still a substantial amount of uncertainty resulting from model uncertainty and unknown development of future greenhouse gas emissions. So far, there seems to be no sound basis for the implementation of an overall climate factor for sewer dimensioning for the Hamburg region. Nevertheless, possible effects of climate change should be taken into account within the planning process for major sewer extensions or modifications.

  10. Achievement Inequalities in Hamburg Schools: How Do They Change as Students Get Older?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caro, Daniel H.; Lehmann, Rainer

    2009-01-01

    A handful of studies have found evidence of a gap in academic achievement between students of high- and low-socioeconomic status (SES) families. Furthermore, some scholars argue that the gap tends to widen as students get older. Evidence is, however, inconclusive and relies mostly on limited methodological designs. Drawing on the Hamburg School…

  11. Kalle Hamburg lõi kartulirekordi / Silja Lättemäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lättemäe, Silja, 1952-

    2008-01-01

    Kalle Hamburg on saanud Eesti kõigi aegade suurima kartulisaagi 75 t/ha ja juurutanud paarkümmend uut kartulisorti. Tema talu Raplamaalt pälvis aasta talu tiitli. Lisaks nimekiri: Konkursi "Eesti parim talu 2008" võitjad

  12. From the Quixotic to the Pragmatic: The "Hamburg Declaration", Adult Education, and Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Amy

    2013-01-01

    The "Hamburg Declaration" (UNESCO, 1997) is perhaps most quixotic and prescient in laying out the changing world of work as envisioned in 1997. It includes particular commitments to promote the rights to work and to work-related adult learning, to increase access to work-related adult learning for different target groups, and to…

  13. Methods of analyzing regional dermatological care as exemplified by the city of Hamburg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustin, Jobst; Erasmi, Stefan; Reusch, Michael; Augustin, Matthias

    2015-07-01

    The rural-urban divide is often linked to regional inequalities in healthcare. However, studies have also shown regional healthcare disparities within urban areas. To evaluate these studies, further parameters such as accessibility must be added to the standard criteria. The objective of this study was to present methodic tools for evaluating dermatological healthcare provision in Hamburg, primarily focusing on accessibility. Analyzing data from 97 districts, the geographical distribution of 101 dermatologists and the physician-patient ratio were determined. In a second step, network analysis regarding accessibility was performed. There are regional inequalities in Hamburg with respect to dermatological care. Depending on the district, the physician-patient ratio ranges from 44.9 % (undersupply) to > 500 % (oversupply). Similar differences exist regarding accessibility. Although 94.5 % of the population of Hamburg is able to reach the nearest dermatologist within ten minutes (by car), it may take more than 30 minutes depending on district and mode of transportation. Analysis of the physician-patient ratio reveals differences regarding dermatological care in Hamburg. However, results of the network analysis show that these differences do not significantly affect access to dermatological care. Therefore, network analysis should be used as an additional tool to evaluate regional healthcare provision. © 2015 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Spectator Democracy: An Intersectional Analysis of Education Reform in Hamburg, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bale, Jeff

    2016-01-01

    This article uses the theoretical framework of intersectionality to analyze a partially failed school reform measure in Hamburg, Germany and the political conflict over it between 2008 and 2010. The analysis focuses on "the extent to which" and the "mechanisms by which" the interests of marginalized members of the proreform…

  15. [Urban Health (StadtGesundheit): The Wider Perspective Exemplified by the City State of Hamburg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fehr, R; Fertmann, R; Stender, K-P; Lettau, N; Trojan, A

    2016-09-01

    Public health and city planning have common roots, and in many places they are now reuniting under the heading of urban health. To organize this field adequately requires a broad, integrative view of medical care, health promotion, and health in all urban policies. Given current crises and developments including climate change and globalization, such a wider perspective should also be useful for Germany. Using the City State of Hamburg as an example and combining historic and systematic approaches, we explore the preconditions for in-depth analyses. Our results show that health is a significant topic of Hamburg urban policy, featuring a broad range of structures, processes and actors, both within the health sector and far beyond. Health promotion over the last 30 years evolved notably from a niche topic into an established field with remarkable cooperative structures. The tradition of comprehensive reporting on urban health in Hamburg that was initiated more than 200 years ago is no longer alive today. However, local health reporting keeps integrating a wide range of diverse topics. Communication among the Hamburg health actors - beyond straightforward medical quality assurance - does not seem to focus on critical evaluations, e. g. concerning social and ecologic sustainability. A prerequisite for in-depth analyses including external comparisons is to secure permanent access to relevant sources. Robust approaches to this end, however, seem to be lacking. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  16. Modeling and Simulation of Hamburger Cooking Process Using Finite Difference and CFD Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Sargolzaei

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Unsteady-state heat transfer in hamburger cooking process was modeled using one dimensional finite difference (FD and three dimensional computational fluid dynamic (CFD models. A double-sided cooking system was designed to study the effect of pressure and oven temperature on the cooking process. Three different oven temperatures (114, 152, 204°C and three different pressures (20, 332, 570 pa were selected and 9 experiments were performed. Applying pressure to hamburger increases the contact area of hamburger with heating plate and hence the heat transfer rate to the hamburger was increased and caused the weight loss due to water evaporation and decreasing cooking time, while increasing oven temperature led to increasing weight loss and decreasing cooking time. CFD predicted results were in good agreement with the experimental results than the finite difference (FD ones. But considering the long time needed for CFD model to simulate the cooking process (about 1 hour, using the finite difference model would be more economic.

  17. Acceptance of fish hamburgers in school meals in the Southwest Region of Paraná, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandra Schuastz BREDA

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The regular consumption of fish provides health gains for people, and its introduction in school meals is an important strategy to insert the habit of consuming this food by a population. Thus the objective of this study was to verify the acceptance of fish, presented in the form of hamburger, by children in municipal primary schools in the town of Pato Branco, Brazil, in which the school cooks had been trained to produce fish hamburgers. Acceptance was evaluated using a hedonic scale with 5 facial classifications (1 = disliked extremely to 5 = liked extremely. Students of both genders from 5 to 10 years of age (n = 142 were served the hamburgers for their midday meal, representing the protein portion of the meal. The results were analyzed by logistic regression. No effect of age or gender was observed between the children in the acceptance of the hamburgers, but the interaction between age and gender was significant. The cluster analysis was applied to distinguish this interaction using two-way joining to present the results, which showed the effect between specific age and gender situations. The acceptance index was 87% showing the potential for the consumption of this food by children.

  18. Occurrence of Clostridium difficile in seasoned hamburgers and seven processing plants in Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esfandiari, Zahra; Weese, Scott; Ezzatpanah, Hamid; Jalali, Mohammad; Chamani, Mohammad

    2014-11-25

    The recent increment of the incidence of Community Associated Clostridium difficile Infection (CA)-CDI has led to speculation that this disease is associated to foodborne transmission. Therefore it is critical to establish the community sources of CDI in order to implement the appropriate interventions. The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of C. difficile in seasoned hamburger and examine the sources of C. difficile dispersal in hamburger processing plants. A total of 211 samples including hamburger ingredients, the final product, processing equipment and food contact surfaces were collected from seven hamburger processing plants to evaluate the routes of dispersal of C. difficile. The samples were assessed for the occurrence of C. difficile using culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods. All isolates were screened for the existence of toxin A, B and binary toxin genes. In addition, isolates were subjected to PCR ribotyping. Overall, 9/211 (4.2%) samples were positive. Toxigenic C. difficile were detected from 2/7 (28.5%) hamburger processing plants, in (3/54) 5.6% of beef meat samples, (2/56) 3.5% of swabs taken from the environment and (4/56) 7.1% of hamburger samples after both molding and freezing. C. difficile was not found in 45 non-meat ingredients including 14 defrosted onions, 14 textured soy proteins and 17 seasonings. All isolates contained tcdB gene while 7 strains were positive for tcdA and two remaining strains were negative for tcdA. None of the isolates harbored binary toxin gene (cdtB). PCR ribotyping of 9 isolates categorized into four ribotypes (IR21, IR 22, IR 23 and IR24). Ribotype IR 22 was the most common type 6/9 (66.6%) found. This genotype was isolated from raw meat, environmental samples and hamburger after both forming and freezing in one processing plant, suggesting raw beef meat as a possible major source of contamination. Hyper-virulent strains of ribotype were not found in this study however

  19. [Cancer incidence in the Altai Republic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Odintsova, I N; Pisareva, L F; Ananina, O A; Khriapenkov, A V; Cherdyntseva, N V

    2014-01-01

    From all regions of the Siberian Federal District (SFD), the Altai Republic is the least urbanized territory, more than third of its population is Altai. The Altai Republic ranks the 11th for cancer incidence among 12 territories of SFD. Cancer incidence rate is 1.4 times less in females than in males. There is a tendency toward increased cancer incidence in the Republic. The two most common cancer sites in males are digestive and respiratory organs. In females, the most common cancer sites are reproductive and digestive organs. Prostate cancer has the highest incidence rate in males and kidney cancer in females. Increase in the cancer incidence rate was observed among male patients who are younger and older than able-bodied age and in female patients who were younger than able-bodied age. Problems related to the improvement of methods for cancer prevention, early detection and treatment are of great importance.

  20. Molecular Method Development to Identify Foodborne Sarcocystishominis in Raw Beef Commercial Hamburger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahador Hajimohammadi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Sarcocystisspp. is zoonotic parasitic pathogen endangering safety of meat and derived meat products such as hamburgers which is among the most popular fast foods worldwide. Objectives: The current study aimed to design a protocol for molecular identification of Sarcocystis hominis in commercial hamburgers using PCR-RFLP with target of 18S rRNA. Materials and Methods: A total of 25 raw commercial hamburger samples were randomly collected from supermarkets of Yazd city, Iran. Five mm slices from different parts of each sample were selected, well mixed, and then preserved in ethanol 70% at -20°C for the next steps. The genomic DNA was extracted using salting out method. Detection and identification of Sarcocystis isolates were performed using PCR RFLP. The 18s rRNA gene sequence was mined from GenBank and the specific primer pair was designed using Primer3 software. Restriction fragment length polymorphims (RFLP analysis was performed using BfaI and RsaI restriction enzymes. The digestion was analyzed, using agarose gel electrophoresis alongside 100base pair DNA ladder. Results: Among 25 commercial hamburger samples, 17 samples showed a PCR product around 900 bp which could detect Sarcocyst Spp. After RFLP with BfaI, the restriction fragments of 376 bp and 397 bp detected S. hominis or S. hirsuta and fragments of 184 bp, 371 bp and 382 bp detected S. cruzi. After RFLP with RsaI, the restriction fragments of 376 bp and 557 bp detected S. hirsuta and fragment of 926 bp, without any digestion, detected S. hominis. For verification, each species detected in samples was randomly selected and sent for sequencing and the results were analyzed with BLAST. Conclusions: In conclusion, the current study developed a practical technique to detect the prevalence of S. hominis in meat products such as hamburgers.

  1. Modernization of the graphics post-processors of the Hamburg German Climate Computer Center Carbon Cycle Codes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stevens, E.J.; McNeilly, G.S.

    1994-03-01

    The existing National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) code in the Hamburg Oceanic Carbon Cycle Circulation Model and the Hamburg Large-Scale Geostrophic Ocean General Circulation Model was modernized and reduced in size while still producing an equivalent end result. A reduction in the size of the existing code from more than 50,000 lines to approximately 7,500 lines in the new code has made the new code much easier to maintain. The existing code in Hamburg model uses legacy NCAR (including even emulated CALCOMP subrountines) graphics to display graphical output. The new code uses only current (version 3.1) NCAR subrountines.

  2. Politics of energy efficiency in the Federal Republic of Germany and South Korea. Combined heat and power generation in the area of conflict between climate protection and energy industry; Energieeffizienzpolitik in Deutschland und Suedkorea. Kraft-Waerme-Kopplung im Spannungsfeld zwischen Klimaschutz und Energiewirtschaft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Yeon-Mi

    2009-07-01

    In comparison with conventional devices, dual purpose power plants clearly need less primary energy. Thereby, the emissions of CO{sub 2} from these co-generation plants is reduced by a factor of 3. The development of co-generation plants for heat and power is a touch-stone for how seriously the policy is about the practical conversion of climate protection and preservation of resources. In the comparison of countries, an extremely different development of the combined heat and power generation is to be determined. Under this aspect, the author of the contribution under consideration reports on the promotion of the combined heat and power generation in the Federal Republic of Germany and in the Republic of Korea in the area of conflict between climate protection and liberalisation of the energy industry. By means of environmentally economic theories, the analysis focuses on participants, on the political motivation and on the political stile during the arrangement of the policy of the combined heat and power generation. Moreover, the effects of the changed framework conditions and the political objectives are examined for the climatic protection politics.

  3. Indicators of Democratic Awareness in the Republic of Macedonia

    OpenAIRE

    Atanasov, Petar; Cvetanova, Ganka

    2013-01-01

    The Republic of Macedonia, as a relatively young democratic country, gained its independence in the year 1991 following the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. In this sense, the Macedonian society is regarded as a society in democratic transition. Therefore, the discussions concerning the relevance and significance of democracy, as a precondition for the global development of the society, represent an integral part of the current political and academic debates in the...

  4. 78 FR 65268 - Certain Oil Country Tubular Goods From India, the Republic of Korea, the Republic of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration [A-533-857, A-580-870, A-565-802, A-517-804, A-583-850, A-549-832, A- 489-816, A-823-815, A-552-817] Certain Oil Country Tubular Goods From India, the Republic of Korea, the Republic of the Philippines, Saudi Arabia,...

  5. Entwicklung einer integrativen Informationssystemarchitektur für Customer-Relationship-Management und Supply-Chain-Management - Hamburg

    OpenAIRE

    Selk, Bernhard

    2005-01-01

    Entwicklung einer integrativen Informationssystemarchitektur für Customer-Relationship-Management und Supply-Chain-Management - Hamburg : Kovač, 2005. - XIV, 322 S. - (Studien zur Wirtschaftsinformatik ; 17). - Zugl.: Augsburg, Univ., Diss., 2005

  6. 75 FR 20817 - Magnesium Metal from the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Results of the 2008-2009...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-21

    ... Federation and Ukraine; Notice of Amended Final Determination of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Antidumping... People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation and Ukraine; Notice of Amended Final Determination of... New Pneumatic Off-The-Road Tires from the People's Republic of China: Final Affirmative Determination...

  7. Distribution and properties of mesozoic sandstones and barrier rocks in Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg. Basic informations on possible energetic utilisation of the deeper subsurface; Verbreitung und Eigenschaften mesozoischer Sandsteine sowie ueberlagernder Barrieregesteine in Schleswig-Holstein und Hamburg. Basisinformationen zur energiewirtschaftlichen Nutzung des tieferen Untergrundes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaufhold, Holger; Hable, Regina; Liebsch-Doerschner, Thomas; Thomsen, Claudia [Landesamt fuer Landwirtschaft, Umwelt und Laendliche Raeume Schleswig-Holstein (LLUR), Flintbek (Germany). Geologischer Dienst; Taugs, Renate [Behoerde fuer Stadtentwicklung und Umwelt, Hamburg (Germany). Geologisches Landesamt Hamburg

    2011-07-01

    Within the scope of the project Storage Catalogue of Germany the Geological Survey of Schleswig-Holstein (LLUR, Flintbek) studied mesozoic sedimentary systems in Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg with regard to petrophysical properties. The main objective of the study, which was part of a joint research project of the Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) and the State Geological Surveys of Germany, consisted in mapping of sandstone and barrier rock units and in characterization of its storage potential. The interest was focussed on sandstone layers of the Middle Buntsandstein (Lower Triassic), of the Rhaetian Exter Formation (Upper Triassic) and of Middle Jurassic. Whereas Early Triassic (Middle Buntsandstein) sandstones occur over the entire area of Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg, Late Triassic and Middle Jurassic sandstones are linked to halokinetic rim synclines. The results discussed herein show that a greater part of the concerned sandstone units offers potential options of different usage. But available reservoir and barrier data allow no definite conclusions for CO{sub 2}-storage suitability. (orig.)

  8. CAS on Free-Electron Lasers and Energy Recovery Linacs in Hamburg

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Accelerator School

    2016-01-01

    The CERN Accelerator School (CAS) and DESY held a jointly-organised specialised course on Free-Electron Lasers and Energy Recovery Linacs (FELs and ERLs) in Hamburg, Germany, from 31 May to 10 June 2016.      The course was held in the Hotel Scandic Emporio in Hamburg and was attended by 68 participants of 13 nationalities, coming from countries as far away as China, Iran and Japan. The intensive programme comprised 44 lectures and one seminar. Following introductory lectures on electromagnetism, relativity and synchrotron radiation issues, the basic requirements of linacs and ERLs were discussed. Detailed lectures on the theory of FEL science followed. Undulators and the process of lasing and seeding were covered in some detail along with lectures on various beam dynamics and beam control issues. Case studies, for which seven hours were allocated, completed the academic programme. For these, the students were divided into small groups and tasked with completing the basic desig...

  9. [Semi-structured interviews on suicidality in the Hamburg pre-trial detention center].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djerkovic, Dijana; Jasker, Janine; Kunze-Klempert, Sabrina; Morick, Yvonne; Thiel, Andreas; Briken, Peer; Klaus Püschell

    2014-01-01

    A detailed study regarding inmates' suicides was conducted in the detention center of Holstenglacis Hamburg (UHA). This study was triggered by an above-average number of attempted and committed suicides in detention centers in Germany and in particular, two committed suicides in the above-mentioned prison in early 2012. In this qualitative empirical study, 20 semi-structured interviews were conducted with inmates and staff of the UHA Hamburg. The focus was placed on aspects encountered in the daily life within the detention center and stressful situations that could encourage suicides. This article presents the most striking results of the study which are used as a basis for proposing several preventative measures. The aim of this article is to present new ideas and methods conducive to a decrease in the number of suicides in detention centers at minimal costs and personnel expenses.

  10. [SVM-based qualitative analysis of Muscat Hamburg wine produced in Tianjin region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jun; Wang, Fang; Wei, Ji-Ping; Li, Chang-Wen; Yang, Hua; Shao, Chun-Fu; Zhang, Fu-Qing; Yin, Ji-Tai; Xiao, Dong-Guang

    2011-01-01

    The purpose was to achieve the identification of Muscat Hamburg wines produced in Tianjin region through scanning and analyzing dry white wine samples of different grape varieties and regions by infrared spectroscopy technology. A support vector machine (SVM) based method was introduced to analyze infrared spectra of dry white wines. The pretreatment processes of the IR spectra were also elaborated, including baseline adjustment, noise Elimination, standard normalization and eliminating the main component of abnormal sample points. The authors selected great quantity of dry white wine samples of different grape regions including 511 Muscat Hamburg wine samples, 438 Italian Riesling wine samples, 307 Chardonnay wine samples, 29 Ugni Blanc wine samples, 44 Rkatsiteli wine samples, 31 longan wine samples and 79 ZeHong wine samples. According to different classification problems, 80% of IR spectra of the wine samples were used to establish discrimination models with SVM-based method, and the remaining 20% of IR spectra were used for the validation of the discrimination models. Experimental results showed that the proposed method is effective, since high classification accuracy, identification rate and rejecting rate were achieved: over 97% for the white wine samples of different grape varieties, meanwhile over 98% for the Muscat Hamburg wine samples produced in different regions. So the method developed in this paper played a good role in the qualitative classification and discrimination of Muscat Hamburg wines produced in Tianjin region. This novel method has a considerable potential and a rosy application future due to the expeditiousness, stability and easy-operation of FTIR method, as well as the veracity and credibility of SVM method.

  11. [Stem cell transplantation for multiple sclerosis. Hamburg experiences and state of international research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stellmann, J-P; Stürner, K H; Ufer, F; Havemeister, S; Pöttgen, J; Ayuk Ayuketang, F; Kröger, N; Friese, M A; Heesen, C

    2015-08-01

    Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (aHSCT) is still not the standard treatment for highly inflammatory multiple sclerosis (MS). Even though randomized controlled trials are lacking, predictors for treatment response have been established. Since 2007, ten patients have received aHSCT in Hamburg. To present observational data from patients treated in Hamburg and a review of the literature. Descriptive statistics were used for evaluating the course of the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) as a measure for clinical outcome, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neuropsychology. New gadolinium and T2-MRI uptake lesions per scan were compared. In addition, a systematic review of the currently available literature was performed. The Hamburg series can be divided in two groups, one group including four patients with chronic progressive MS with low inflammatory activity (median EDSS = 6.25, 0.5 relapses per year, no gadolinium-enhancing lesions) and the other group including six patients with mild to moderate disability, relapses and inflammatory activity (median EDSS = 4.25, 1 relapse per year, 2 gadolinium-enhancing lesions). The median follow-up was 2.4 years. While the first group did not seem to benefit from aHSCT, an improvement in five out of six patients was observed in the second group. New T2 lesions occurred within the first 6 months but gadolinium-enhancing lesions were not observed (p Hamburg. Cohort reports describe aHSCT as a safe and efficient treatment option in highly inflammatory MS. Based on these data aHSCT seems to be a reasonable option in selected patients with highly inflammatory MS but a randomized controlled trial is warranted.

  12. A model output statistics system to forecast the 2 metre temperature at the "Wettermast Hamburg" site

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finn, Tobias Sebastian; Ament, Felix

    2016-04-01

    The model output statistics (MOS) method is frequently used to downscale and improve numerical weather models for specific measurement sites. One of these is the "Wettermast Hamburg" (http://wettermast-hamburg.zmaw.de/) in the south-east of Hamburg. It is operated by the Meteorological Institute of the University of Hamburg. The MOS approach was used to develop a not yet existing 2 metre temperature forecasting system for this site. The forecast system is based on the 0 UTC control run of the legacy "global ensemble forecast system". The multiple linear equations were calculated using a training period of 2 years (01.03.2012-28.02.2014), while the developed models were evaluated using the following year (01.03.2014-28.02.2015). During the development process it was found that a combination of forward and backward selection together with the "Bayesian information criterion", a warm-cold splitting and a five-fold cross-validation was the best automated method to minimize the risk of overfitting. To further reduce the risk, the number of predictors were limited to 6. Also the first 3 possible predictors were selected by hand. In comparison to the fully automated method, the error was not changed significantly through this restrictions for the evaluation period. The analysis of the importance of selected predictors shows that the global weather model has problems characterizing specific weather phenomena. Large model errors by misrepresenting the boundary layer were highlighted through the 10 metre wind speed, the surface temperature and the 1000 hPa temperature as frequently selected predictors. The final forecast system has a root-mean-square error minimum of 1.15 K for the initialization and a maximum 2.2 K at the 84 hour lead time. Compared to the direct model output this is a mean improvement of ˜ 22%. The main error reduction is achieved in the first 24 hours of the forecast, especially at the initialization (up to 45% error reduction).

  13. Central Asian Republic Info

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — CAR Info is designed and managed by the Central Asian Republic Mission to fill in the knowledge and reporting gaps in existing agency systems for that Mission. It...

  14. 78 FR 67115 - Aluminum Extrusions From the People's Republic of China: Intent To Rescind 2012 Countervailing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Aluminum Extrusions From the People's Republic of China: Intent To Rescind... countervailing duty (CVD) order on aluminum extrusions from the People's Republic of China (PRC) for the period...

  15. 77 FR 13264 - Certain Preserved Mushrooms From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-06

    ... International Trade Administration Certain Preserved Mushrooms From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary... antidumping duty order on certain preserved mushrooms from the People's Republic of China (``PRC'') covering... Federal Register the antidumping duty order on certain preserved mushrooms (``mushrooms'') from the PRC.\\1...

  16. 76 FR 33242 - Galvanized Steel Wire From the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Galvanized Steel Wire From the People's Republic of China: Postponement of... of galvanized steel wire from the People's Republic of China. See Galvanized Steel Wire From the...

  17. 77 FR 266 - Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of New Shipper Reviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-04

    ... International Trade Administration Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of New Shipper...) under the antidumping duty order on fresh garlic from the People's Republic of China (PRC), meet the... published the antidumping duty order on fresh garlic from the PRC in the Federal Register on November 16...

  18. What matters 2010. Annual report of the Federal Environment Agency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-04-27

    The annual report under consideration of the Federal Environment Agency (Dessau-Rosslau, Federal Republic of Germany) reports on the following themes: (1) Future mobility - Today's best investment; (2) Environmental protection - A barrier to investment for agriculture ?; (3) Emissions trading - The engine of climate policy ?; (4) The Federal Environment Agency (Departmental research, credo, organisation, data and facts, publications).

  19. Federal Holidays

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — Federal law (5 U.S.C. 6103) establishes the following public holidays for Federal employees. Please note that most Federal employees work on a Monday through Friday...

  20. 78 FR 59001 - Chlorinated Isocyanurates From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Countervailing Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE... Investigation Initiation Checklist: Chlorinated Isocyanurates from the People's Republic of China (``Initiation Checklist''), at Attachment II, Analysis of Industry Support for the Petitions Covering Chlorinated...

  1. 78 FR 5416 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE... Investigation Initiation Checklist: Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp from the People's Republic of China'' (``China Initiation Checklist''), at Attachment II, Analysis of Industry Support for the Petitions Covering...

  2. 78 FR 41784 - Uncovered Innerspring Units From the People's Republic of China: Affirmative Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE..., International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce. Preliminary Determination The Department has... Malaysia by Reztec Industries Sdn Bhd (``Reztec'') using components from the People's Republic of China...

  3. 78 FR 13325 - Certain Frozen Warmwater Shrimp From the People's Republic of China, Ecuador, India, Indonesia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE..., Malaysia, Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam: Postponement of Preliminary Determinations in... Administration, Department of Commerce. DATES: Effective Date: February 27, 2013. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT...

  4. 76 FR 92 - Multilayered Wood Flooring From the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Multilayered Wood Flooring From the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Preliminary Determination in the Countervailing Duty Investigation AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade Administration,...

  5. 76 FR 13357 - Multilayered Wood Flooring from the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE. International Trade Administration Multilayered Wood Flooring from the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Preliminary Determination of Antidumping Duty Investigation AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade Administration, Department...

  6. THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN: THE ESTIMATION OF SOCIAL ECONOMICAL SITUATION AND PERSPECTIVES OF DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.V. Fattakhov

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The Republic of Bashkortostan is a well-developed agricultural and industrial region of the country, significant scientific and cultural centre of Russian Federation. Large economic complex of the Republic includes diversified industry and agriculture. During the years of transformations Bashkortostan was keeping its agricultural industry and scientific-technical potential, social-economical and political stability, it brings the worthy contribution in the development of Russian Federation.

  7. Religious Freedoms In Republic Of Macedonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Metaj-Stojanova Albana

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available With the independence of Republic of Macedonia and the adoption of the Constitution of Macedonia, the country went through a substantial socio-political transition. The concept of human rights and freedoms, such as religious freedoms in the Macedonian Constitution is based on liberal democratic values. The Macedonian Constitution connects the fundamental human rights and freedoms with the concept of the individual and citizen, but also with the collective rights of ethnic minorities, respecting the international standards and responsibilities taken under numerous international human rights conventions and treaties, of which the country is a party. Republic of Macedonia has ratified all the so called “core human right treaties” and now the real challenge lies in the implementation of the international standards. Some of these international conventions and treaties of the United Nations and of the Council of Europe are inherited by succession from the former Yugoslavian federation. Religious freedoms are guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of human rights (1948, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966, the European Convention on Human Rights (1953, the Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Intolerance and of Discrimination Based on Religion or Belief (1981 (all documents ratified by the Republic of Macedonia. According to the Constitution of the Republic of Macedonia “The freedom of religious confession is guaranteed. The right to express one's faith freely and publicly, individually or with others, is guaranteed„. After the conflict of 2001 the Ohrid Framework Agreement secured group rights for ethnicities that are not in majority in the Republic of Macedonia. The present Law on the legal status of the church, religious communities and religious groups of 2007, repealed the Law on religion and religious groups of 1997.

  8. [General practice quality circles in the large city. Participation by Hamburg general physicians].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinkohl, M; Niemann, D

    1997-01-01

    Quality circles (peer review) will play an increasing and important role in ambulatory care when they are based on voluntary participation and in a setting of open discussion. Goal is the further qualification of physicians by critical reflections on their practice based on learning processes and the experiences of the participants. Reported are experiences from the unit for primary care and health service research of the Hamburg University on implementing quality circles. Engagement in quality assurance may be helpful in the shaping and professionalisation of general practice.

  9. Considering the Physicochemical and Sensorial Properties of Momtaze Hamburgers Containing Lentil and Chickpea Seed Flour

    OpenAIRE

    Amir Motamedi; Marzieh Vahdani; Homa Baghaei; Monire Alsadat Borghei

    2015-01-01

    Background and Objectives: The food product known as the ‘hamburger’ plays a crucial role in people’s nutrition and the diversity of the food they consume. The reasons for our study include the area under cultivation, the remarkable amount of protein in chickpeas and lentils, as well as the public interest in tending to meat products, especially hamburgers. Materials and Methods: In this study, beef burgers were combined with chickpea flour and lentil flour at 4%, 8% and 12% levels. We eva...

  10. [psychenet - Hamburg Network for Mental Health: Results of the Process Evaluation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makowski, Anna C; Mnich, Eva E; Kofahl, Christopher; von dem Knesebeck, Olaf

    2015-07-01

    Aspects of implementation, functionality, acceptability and sustainability of the network psychenet - Hamburg network for mental health were examined.In March 2012 and September 2013, 19 expert interviews were carried out with leaders of subprojects and representatives of insurances, public authorities and patients.The complexity of the network was hindering. Positive aspects were communication, clear hierarchies and qualified staff.The implementation of a complex network requires shared goals. The establishment of a steering committee has proved as crucial. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  11. Defining Moments in MMWR History: 1993 E. coli O157:H7 Hamburger Outbreak

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2017-05-31

    During the 1993 E. coli O157 outbreak, four children died, and approximately 700 persons in four states became ill with severe and often bloody diarrhea after eating hamburgers from fast food restaurants. The first reports of CDC’s investigation into this deadly outbreak were published in MMWR. In this podcast, Dr. Beth Bell shares what it was like to serve as one of CDC’s lead investigators – a boots-on-the-ground disease detective -- for the historic outbreak.  Created: 5/31/2017 by MMWR.   Date Released: 5/31/2017.

  12. 78 FR 65283 - Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel From the People's Republic of China, the Czech Republic, Germany...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE... like product analysis in this case, see Antidumping Duty Investigation Initiation Checklist: Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel from the People's Republic of China (PRC AD Initiation Checklist), at Attachment...

  13. 78 FR 68412 - Non-Oriented Electrical Steel From the People's Republic of China, the Republic of Korea, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE... Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office in the United States on the Countervailing Duty... Investigation Initiation Checklist: Non-Oriented Electrical Steel from the People's Republic of China (PRC CVD...

  14. 78 FR 69041 - Non-Oriented Electrical Steel From the People's Republic of China, Germany, Japan, the Republic...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE... like product analysis in this case, see Antidumping Duty Investigation Initiation Checklist: Non-Oriented Electrical Steel from the People's Republic of China (the PRC AD Initiation Checklist), at...

  15. Learning to Fly: Family-Oriented Literacy Education in Schools. Celebrating the Tenth Anniversary of Hamburg's Family Literacy Project 2004-2014

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabkin, Gabriele, Ed.; Roche, Stephen, Ed.

    2014-01-01

    This book was published to mark the tenth anniversary of Hamburg's award-winning Family Literacy project (FLY). It includes contributions from key stakeholders--academics, teachers, parents and children--participating in the conceptualization and implementation of FLY in the city of Hamburg. FLY mainly targets people from socially disadvantaged…

  16. The Women's College (Hochschule fur das weibliche Geschlect) and its Impact on the Development of Higher Education for Girls in the City of Hamburg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleinau, Elke

    1990-01-01

    Reports a study on the Women's College founded in Hamburg, Germany, in 1850. Describes the college as an outgrowth of numerous reform-oriented forces present in Germany around 1848. Examines the impact of the college on higher education for girls in Hamburg; particularly in the establishment of further schools for poor women. (RW)

  17. [Hospitalization of Migrants without Health Insurance: An Explorative Study of Hospital Healthcare in Lower Saxony, Berlin and Hamburg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mylius, M

    2016-04-01

    Different reasons prevent migrants from obtaining health insurance resulting in their exclusion from regular medical care in Germany. In case of medical emergency, hospitals are obliged by law to provide treatment. In addition, hospitals might get reimbursed for treatment expenses by social welfare authorities. This includes undocumented migrants who should not be reported to the police. However, actual legislation regarding the level of medical intervention, the principles of medical confidentiality and the conditions of reimbursement by the authorities is unclear. Thus, migrants without health insurance may be precluded from receiving urgent medical treatment. A first assessment of hospital health care for migrants without health insurance in three federal states with the intention to identify obstacles in access to in- and out-patient emergency treatment. Electronic mail survey of all non-specialized general hospitals located in the federal states of Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony, n=129), Berlin (n=46) and Hamburg (n=24). Data was anonymized and descriptively analyzed using SPSS statistical software. Rate of questionnaire return was 31.2% (n=62). Almost all hospitals had already encountered migrants without health insurance in their emergency wards (82.3%) including 72.5% undocumented migrants. 76.7% of all hospitals had submitted a subsequent emergency aid proposal to the social welfare authorities. 17.1% of them confirmed that they were reimbursed in most cases. 8.5% of all participating hospitals mostly consult the police in case migrants are not able to provide any means of identification, whereas 43.6% consult the police only in rare cases. 64.5% of all hospitals reported non-reimbursed expenses for 2011 - 2014 ranging from € 4 000 - €1.01 million. RESULTS indicate that the provision of care for people without health care insurance represents an important issue for a majority of the assessed hospitals since they have to take the responsibility for

  18. Time-transgressive tunnel-valley infill revealed by a three- dimensional sedimentary model, Hamburg, north-west Germany

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Janszen, Adriaan; Moreau, Julien; Moscariello, Andrea

    2013-01-01

    highly intricate and therefore difficult to predict. This study intends to improve the comprehension of the sedimentology and to establish a conceptual model of tunnel-valley infill, which can be used as a predictive tool. To this end, the densely sampled, Pleistocene tunnel valleys in Hamburg (north...... succession filling the Hamburg area tunnel valleys can be subdivided into three distinct units, which are distinguished by their inferred depositional proximity to the ice margin. The overall trend of the succession shows a progressive decrease in transport energy and glacial influence through time. The rate...

  19. Migrants' educational success through innovation: The case of the Hamburg bilingual schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duarte, Joana

    2011-12-01

    Although Germany has experienced net in-migration for the past five decades, this fact has only recently been officially acknowledged. Furthermore, Germany is marked by a general monolingual self-concept very much attached to the idea of a nation-state with one homogeneous language. However, in large urban areas of Germany about 35 per cent of the population has a migration background, as has almost every second child enrolling in primary school. Hence the country is marked by this dichotomy between a monolingual policy discourse and a multilingual society, manifested in everyday life and, as a consequence, in educational institutions. The fact is that this political attitude towards Germany's own migration history and migrants has led to an educational gap between students with a migration background and their monolingual peers. In 2000, a project was started in Hamburg, aiming to overcome this educational gap and involving the creation of bilingual schools for some of the largest migrant languages. Bilingual classes were thus set up for the following language combinations: German-Portuguese, German-Italian, German-Spanish and German-Turkish, and were evaluated by the University of Hamburg. This paper reports on the model used and the specific school outcomes of the students attending these classes.

  20. [The new German educational law for medical schools: the Hamburg concept in dermatology and venereology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuber, Karsten; Weidtmann, Katja; Coors, Esther; Harendza, Sigrid

    2006-03-01

    Medical school graduates are required to deal with complex situations in their future work which require profound theoretical knowledge as well as many practical skills. The University of Hamburg used a new educational law (AappO 2002) as catalyst to define learning objectives relevant for practice and to guarantee a close connection between theory and practice. A newly founded curriculum committee with twelve members developed a strategy and structure for the new clinical curriculum (KliniCuM) in weekly sessions. The subject dermatology and venereology is taught in the thematic block "The Internal and External Human Being" in integrated courses with the subjects internal medicine, pathology and pharmacology. The teaching modules (introductory lectures, symptom-oriented lectures, problem-based tutorials and bedside-teaching) are practice oriented and teach diseases and skills of dermatology which are important for "general medicine". Written and practical exams take place at the end of the block. Although there is more required attendance and increased demands on students' time, dermatology has received very positive evaluation results. Students consider their gain in knowledge and skills as very high. The new curriculum in Hamburg could provide helpful orientation for other medical faculties in changing their curricula for the subject "dermatology and venereology" according to the new educational law.

  1. Qualitative characteristics of hamburgers and koftas produced from meat of lambs fed glycerine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. H. Borghi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the qualitative (pH, color, water activity, water retention capacity, cooking loss, and shear force and sensory characteristics of processed meat produced from less noble cuts of the carcasses of lambs fed diets containing sugarcane as roughage and concentrates with and without 10 and 20% glycerine. Neck and rib meat of 30 lambs slaughtered at a body weight of 32.0 ± 0.2 kg was used for the elaboration of hamburgers and koftas. Except for color, the inclusion of glycerine in the lamb diet did not influence (P>0.05 the qualitative traits evaluated. The inclusion of glycerine reduced the redness (from 10.07 to 8.89, P=0.044 and yellowness (from 5.97 to 5.07, P=0.039 of hamburgers. The same effect was observed for the redness (from 10.83 to 9.61, P=0.031 and yellowness (from 5.86 to 5.12, P=0.047 of koftas. The sensory characteristics evaluated were not influenced (P>0.05 and the grades of overall acceptance ranged from 7.4 to 7.9. The inclusion of glycerine in the diet of lambs altered the color of processed meat products, but provided satisfactory sensory characteristics.

  2. Hans Jacob and brain research on Hamburg "euthanasia" victims: "Awaiting further brains!"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeidman, Lawrence A

    2017-03-14

    Several neuropathologists conducted brain research on victims of so-called euthanasia programs carried out by the National Socialist (Nazi) regime in Germany from 1940 to 1945. Some published their results in German journals or books during and after the war. One of these neuropathologists was Hans Jacob of Hamburg, a former Nazi party member and the leader of the same laboratory previously run by Alfons Jakob (Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease). Though much has been published on the unethical actions of Jacob's fellow neuropathologist from Berlin, Julius Hallervorden, Jacob's actions were remarkably similar and have not been previously analyzed in the neuroscience literature. Jacob dissected at least 42 patient brains from euthanasia centers near Hamburg, and saved the specimens from at least 17 of them. He published a 1956 book chapter featuring 2 such specimens. Jacob was denazified, had a notable career, and never publicly addressed his actions during the war. His ethical violations may not have been on the same scale as Hallervorden's, but the effect of his work echoes to the modern era. As responsible researchers, we must always be conscious of the provenance of material provided and not succumb to opportunistic temptation despite the ethical consequences. © 2017 American Academy of Neurology.

  3. Regional experiences of tissue donation and forensic medicine in hamburg - results of a 5-year period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wulff, Birgit; Müller, Katja; Heinemann, Axel; Püschel, Klaus

    2012-12-01

    We present the operational organization and daily workflow of our Hamburg model and the results of the years 2007-2011 concerning donation of corneas, musculoskeletal and, since 2010, cardiovascular tissues. Each of the about 3,600 deceased every year undergoes an evaluation process by two coordinators on duty, the tissue coordinator and the family coordinator. All donation connected issues are carried out within the standardized protocols of a quality management system and documented in a special data base. Two catamnestic surveys evaluated the satisfaction of donor families retrospectively. The inclusion rate for cornea donation was 23% and for musculoskeletal donation 10%, with a decrease after the 75 years age restriction of musculoskeletal donors in 2011 defined by the contracting tissue bank German Institute for Cell and Tissue Replacement gGmbH (DIZG), Berlin. Since 2007 1,268 corneas were explanted altogether, reflecting an increasing explantation rate from 156 (University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UMC: 9) in 2007 up to 304 (UMC: 52) in 2011. Overall 173 musculoskeletal donors (5 years) and 11 cardiovascular donors (2 years) spent tissues. The consent rate was much higher. The evaluation of the families reflected a positive feedback for the guiding of the donation process. Forensic institutes can act as an interface between donors and recipients without neglecting forensic investigations. They are uniquely positioned to recognize potential donors. In addition, the contact with a physician of the forensic institute may help families during the mourning phase.

  4. [Suicide among physicians--a current analysis for the City of Hamburg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naumovska, Katerina; Gehl, Axel; Friedrich, Peter; Püschell, Klaus

    2014-01-01

    According to the literature, physicians have an increased risk of committing suicide, which can partly be explained by occupational stress. A retrospective analysis of the deaths investigated by the Hamburg office of Criminal Investigation and documents of the Hamburg Institute of Forensic Medicine for the years 2001 to 2013 showed that the average suicide rate among physicians is not significantly higher than that of the total population, it is 0.021% for physicians, 0.023% for dentists and 0.013% for the general public; thus the difference is not statistically significant (p: 0.57 for physicians and 0.74 for dentists). Drug intoxication has been found to be the most common method of suicide committed by physicians. However, these results must be interpreted with caution in view of the fact that a detailed evaluation of data was often not possible, especially because information as to the profession of the deceased and the motive for the suicide were missing or insufficiently documented.

  5. A study of the glow discharge plasma jet of the novel Hamburger-electrode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Wenzheng, E-mail: wzhliu@bjtu.edu.cn; Ma, Chuanlong, E-mail: 15121452@bjtu.edu.cn; Yang, Xiao; Cui, Weisheng; Chen, Xiuyang [School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044 (China)

    2016-08-15

    To generate atmospheric pressure glow discharge plasma jets (APGDPJs), a novel Hamburger-electrode was proposed. Through the study on electric field distributions, flow field distributions, and characteristics of the discharge and jet, we found that adopting the mode of dielectric barrier discharge with non-uniform thickness of dielectric, it was easy to form the strong electric field areas which were conducive to generate discharge and electric field distributions with large electric field intensity in the narrow gap and weak electric field intensity in the wide gap that were not inclined to form a filament discharge. Using the structure of evenly distributed inner electrodes, it was easy to weaken the pressure of strong electric field areas and form flow field distributions which is beneficial for taking out the high density charged particles and generating APGDPJs. Stable APGDPJs in nitrogen with 3.5 mm in diameter and 9 mm in length were formed by using the novel Hamburger-electrode.

  6. Antimicrobial properties of clove essential oil on raw hamburger during storage in freezer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.E Hoseini

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Providing safe foods resistant to pathogens as well as replacing chemical preservatives with natural compounds including essential oils has attracted great attention in current studies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antimicrobial properties of clove’s essential oil on hamburger. For this reason, clove essential oil was extracted by Clevenger apparatus method. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC of Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger was measured. The antimicrobial effect of the essence in the concentrations of 0.0015%, 0.01%, 0.1% and 0.15% was examined on hamburger. The samples were examined at 0, 7, 30, 60 and 90 days of cold storage. Sensory characteristics of the samples were assessed through Hedonic method. MICs resulted from the test for S. aureus, E. coli, C. albicans and A. niger were 0.1%, 0.065%, 0.03% and 0.01% (V/V, respectively. The results of microbial examinations indicated that with the increasing of the concentration of clove oil essence and also with the progression of storage time, the microbial load was gradually decreased. According to the sensory assays conducted by the consumers, low concentrations of 0.0015% and maximum of 0.01% were found desirable.

  7. Site-specific cultivation systems for energy plants. Results of the joint project ''Development and comparison of optimized cultivation systems for the agricultural production of energy plants at different site-specific conditions in the Federal Republic of Germany, EVA I''. 3. rev. and enl. ed.; Standortangepasste Anbausysteme fuer Energiepflanzen. Ergebnisse des Verbundprojektes ''Entwicklung und Vergleich von optimierten Anbausystemen fuer die landwirtschaftliche Produktion von Energiepflanzen unter den verschiedenen Standortbedingungen Deutschlands, EVA I''

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-03-15

    With respect to the estimations of the Agency for Renewable Ressources (Guelzow, Federal Republic of Germany), nearly 2 millions ha of the area of arable land in Germany were used for the production of renewable raw materials in the last years. The production of vegetable energy sources only was limited on few cultural species. This led to criticism by organisations of nature protection and environmental protection. The joint project 'Development and comparison of optimized cultivation system for the agricultural production of energy plants at different site specific conditions in the Federal Republic of Germany' was one of the most extensive national agrarian research projects of the past years. This joint project offers practice-relevant knowledge to efficient and sustainable cultivation systems of energy plants. The brochure under consideration reports on the results of the first project phase of this joint project.

  8. Czech Republic [2016

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kudrnáč, Aleš; Petrúšek, Ivan; Linek, Lukáš

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 55, č. 1 (2016), s. 69-75 ISSN 2047-8852 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-29032S Institutional support: RVO:68378025 Keywords : Czech politics * political parties * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AD - Politology ; Political Sciences http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/2047-8852.12130/full

  9. Hamburger Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trent, Ann

    2004-01-01

    While babysitting or preparing home meals, young people (and adults too) sometimes overlook cleanliness procedures. One of the first employment opportunities for teenagers is often in a fast-food restaurant where the safe handling and proper cooking of foods is essential. To teach students about food safety practices, the U.S. Food and Drug…

  10. (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) from South Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1976-12-09

    ? and 200, K-31017, in the Zoologisches. Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Hamburg. Further paratypes in the Zoologisches Museum der UniversiHit. Kiel, Federal Republic of Germany. Type-locality: Langvlei, Wilderness ...

  11. Innovatives Medizinstudium der Semmelweis Universität Budapest am Asklepios Campus Hamburg [Innovation in the Field of Medical Studies in Europe: Asklepios Campus Hamburg of Budapest's Semmelweis University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weidenhammer, Jörg

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available [english] In our article we present a pioneering and unique transnational European model of university education. We discuss the cooperation between Semmelweis University Budapest and Asklepios Campus Hamburg. After several years of negotiation, it is now possible for students who did their preliminary medical examination in Hungary to continue and finish their medical studies in Hamburg, Germany. We report on the background of this development, the historical ties and legal requirements. We also describe the status quo and the future plans for the project. [german] In diesem Artikel stellen wir ein neues bisher in Europa einzigartiges länderübergreifendes Hochschulbildungsmodell vor. Dargestellt wird die Zusammenarbeit der Semmelweis Universität Budapest mit dem Asklepios Campus Hamburg. Nach mehrjährigen Verhandlungen ist es nun möglich, dass Studenten, die in Ungarn ihr Physikum gemacht haben, in Hamburg ihre klinische Ausbildung fortsetzen und abschließen können. Wir berichten über die Hintergründe und historischen Zusammenhänge sowie die rechtlichen Voraussetzungen dieser Entwicklung und beschreiben den gegenwärtigen Stand sowie die zukünftigen Planungen dieses Projekts.

  12. Energy policy of the Czech Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cerny, M. [Ministry of Industry and Trade, Prague (Czechoslovakia)

    1995-12-01

    On February 16, 1992, the Government of the Czech Republic sanctioned, by its Decree No. 112/82, its first Energy Policy. Since that time, a number of conditions have changed: first of all, there was the partition of the former Federal Czechoslovak Republic, then the privatization of most of energy producing corporations, the deregulation of a significant proportion of power and energy commodities, the decision to bring to an end the construction of the Temelin nuclear power station, the creation of conditions for the construction of the Ingoldstadt oil pipeline, etc. These steps, on which the final decisions have been made, have brought about the necessity of updating the existing general Energy Policy. The updated Energy Policy is based on the Programme Statement by the Government of the Czech Republic of July 1992, as well as on other materials associated with energy and power generation, either approved or negotiated by the Government, in particular the State Environmental Policy the Rules of the State Raw Materials Policy, the European Association Agreement, the European Energy Charter, the results of the Uruguayan Round of GATT, the Convention on Climate Changes, the Ecological Action Programme for central and East-European countries, and other international documents that have either been, or are likely to be sanctioned by the Czech Government (especially the European Energy Charter Treaty, and the protocol on Trans-boundary Air Pollution and on Further Reduction of Sulphur Oxide Emissions).

  13. 76 FR 66686 - Certain Preserved Mushrooms From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Preserved Mushrooms From the People's Republic of China: Extension of... certain preserved mushrooms from the People's Republic of China, covering the period of February 1, 2010...

  14. 75 FR 63440 - Certain Preserved Mushrooms From the People's Republic of China; Extension of Time Limit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Preserved Mushrooms From the People's Republic of China; Extension of... certain preserved mushrooms from the People's ] Republic of China, covering the period of February 1, 2009...

  15. 75 FR 50992 - Magnesium Metal from the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time for the Final Results of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Magnesium Metal from the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time for..., 2009. See Magnesium Metal from the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Results of the 2008-2009...

  16. 75 FR 39917 - Circular Welded Non-Alloy Steel Pipe from the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time Limit for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration (A-580-809) Circular Welded Non-Alloy Steel Pipe from the Republic of Korea... non-alloy steel pipe from the Republic of Korea, covering the period November 1, 2008 through October...

  17. 75 FR 55307 - Honey From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Intent To Rescind New Shipper Reviews

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-10

    ... International Trade Administration Honey From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Intent To Rescind New... (``POR'') of December 1, 2008, through November 30, 2009. Because the sales made by Suzhou Shanding Honey... Federal Register its initiation of these NSRs.\\1\\ \\1\\ See Honey from the People's Republic of China...

  18. 75 FR 44767 - Folding Metal Tables and Chairs From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of New Shipper...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-29

    ... International Trade Administration Folding Metal Tables and Chairs From the People's Republic of China... metal tables and chairs (``FMTCs'') from the People's Republic of China (``PRC''), received on June 30... published in the Federal Register on June 27, 2002. See Antidumping Duty Order: Folding Metal Tables and...

  19. 78 FR 40428 - Fresh Garlic from the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping Duty New Shipper...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-05

    ... International Trade Administration Fresh Garlic from the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping... shipper reviews (NSRs) of the antidumping duty order on fresh garlic from the People's Republic of China... fresh garlic from the PRC in the Federal Register on November 16, 1994.\\1\\ On May 8 and 24, 2013, the...

  20. 78 FR 88 - Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping Duty New Shipper...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-02

    ... International Trade Administration Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Antidumping... new shipper review (NSR) under the antidumping duty order on fresh garlic from the People's Republic... published the antidumping duty order on fresh garlic from the PRC in the Federal Register on ] November 16...

  1. 75 FR 32361 - Fresh Garlic From The People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for Preliminary Results...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Fresh Garlic From The People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for... administrative review of fresh garlic from the People's Republic of China covering the period November 1, 2008...

  2. 76 FR 41759 - Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for Preliminary Results...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Fresh Garlic From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for... garlic from the People's Republic of China covering the period November 1, 2009, through October 31, 2010...

  3. 75 FR 64250 - Small Diameter Graphite Electrodes From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Small Diameter Graphite Electrodes From the People's Republic of China... diameter graphite electrodes from the People's Republic of China (``PRC'') for the period August 21, 2008...

  4. Studien zur Kirchenmusik und weltlichen Vokalmusik in Hamburg in der ersten Hälfte des 18. Jahrhunderts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Voss, Steffen

    2014-01-01

    Hamburg was a main center for the development of protestant church music in the first half of the 18th century, especially for the oratorio, a genre which is stylistically indebted to operatic music. Works of two of the main composers of so called theatrical church music, Johann Mattheson and Georg

  5. A Very Long Term Forecast of the Port Throughput in the Le Havre - Hamburg Range up to 2100

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Dorsser, J.C.M.; Wolters, M.; Van Wee, G.P.

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a new methodology for the development of a probabilistic very long term forecast of the total port throughput in the Le Havre – Hamburg range up to 2100. The forecast is based on a combination of System Dynamic Modelling, Judgement, and Causal Relations. It is intended to provide

  6. Synergistic benefits between stormwater management measures and a new pricing system for stormwater in the City of Hamburg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertram, N P; Waldhoff, A; Bischoff, G; Ziegler, J; Meinzinger, F; Skambraks, A-K

    2017-09-01

    Hamburg is a growing metropolitan city. The increase in sealed surfaces of about 0.36% per year and the subsequent increased runoff impacts on the city's wastewater infrastructure. Further potential risks to the drainage infrastructure arise also from effects of climate change, e.g. increased intensity and frequency of heavy rainfalls. These challenges were addressed in the Rain InfraStructure Adaption (RISA) project conducted 2009-2015 by HAMBURG WASSER and the State Ministry for Environment and Energy, supported by several municipal stakeholders. RISA addressed intensifying conflicts in the context of urban development and stormwater management at that time. Major results of the project are improvements and recommendations for adequate consideration of stormwater management issues during urban planning as well as new funding mechanisms for stormwater management measures. The latter topic resulted in the introduction of a separated stormwater charge based on the amount of sealed area connected to the sewer system of each property. For both undertakings - the RISA project and the introduction of the separated stormwater charge - a novel, comprehensive, digital database was built. Today, these geographical information system (GIS)-based data offer various scale-independent analysis and information opportunities, which facilitate the day-to-day business of HAMBURG WASSER and stormwater management practice in Hamburg.

  7. Annotierter Katalog der Benhamiinae Arten in der Sammlung des Zoologischen Instituts und Museums von Hamburg (Oligochaeta: Acanthodrilidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Csuzdi, Cs

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available An annotated catalogue of the Benhamiinae earthworms housed in the Zoological Institute and Zoological Museum of the University of Hamburg is presented. All the entries are arranged by the valid names published (CSUZDI, 1995. An alphabetic list of the original specific epithets with the valid combinations is also tabulated.

  8. Birth of a New Degree Programme in Europe: Media Documentation, a Course of Study at the Fachhochschule of Hamburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Ralph; Werther, Sabine

    1995-01-01

    Describes the development, framework, and curriculum of the new degree program called Media Documentation at the Fachhochschule Hamburg (Germany). Highlights include changes in the job market for information professionals, determination and estimation of need, combining practice and theory, and cooperation with commercial organizations and…

  9. Engaging Stakeholders in a Sustainability Context: The Regional Centre of Expertise on Education for Sustainable Development in Hamburg and Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filho, Walter Leal; Schwarz, Jens

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the experiences of RCE Hamburg, one of the latest Regional Centres of Excellence (RCE) to be created. It outlines the activities performed by the RCE and describes its relationships with the various stakeholders. Design/methodology/approach: A description of the region where the RCE is located is…

  10. Poverty, Education and Gender: Pedagogic Transformations in the Schools for the Poor ("Armenschulwesen") in Hamburg, 1788-1871

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Christine

    2011-01-01

    In the second half of the eighteenth century, an enlightened reformist spirit spread among Hamburg's bourgeois upper classes. This was exemplified by the activities of the "Gesellschaft zur Beforderung der Kunste und nutzlichen Gewerbe" ("Society for the Promotion of the Arts and Useful Trades") founded in 1765 as well as by a…

  11. How different are the Liège and Hamburg atlases of the solar spectrum?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doerr, H.-P.; Vitas, N.; Fabbian, D.

    2016-05-01

    Context. The high-fidelity solar spectral atlas prepared by http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1973apds.book.....D Delbouille et al. (Liège atlas, 1973) and the atlas by http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999SoPh..184..421N Neckel (Hamburg atlas, 1999, Sol. Phys., 184, 421) are widely recognised as the most important collection of reference spectra of the Sun at disc centre in the visible wavelength range. The two datasets serve as fundamental resources for many researchers, in particular for chemical abundance analyses. But despite their similar published specifications (spectral resolution and noise level), the shapes of the spectral lines in the two atlases differ significantly and systematically. Aims: Knowledge of any instrumental degradations is imperative to fully exploit the information content of spectroscopic data. We seek to investigate the magnitude of these differences and explain the possible sources. We provide the wavelength-dependent correction parameters that need to be taken into account when the spectra are to be compared with synthetic data, for instance. Methods: A parametrically degraded version of the Hamburg spectrum was fitted to the Liège spectrum. The parameters of the model (wavelength shift, broadening, intensity scaling, and intensity offset) represent the different characteristics of the respective instruments, observational strategies, and data processing. Results: The wavelength scales of the Liège and Hamburg atlases differ on average by 0.5 mÅ with a standard deviation of ± 2 mÅ, except for a peculiar region around 5500 Å. The continuum levels are offset by up to 18% below 5000 Å, but remain stably at a 0.8% difference towards the red. We find no evidence for spectral stray light in the Liège spectrum. Its resolving power is almost independent of wavelength but limited to about 216 000, which is between two to six times lower than specified. When accounting for the degradations determined in this work, the spectra of the two

  12. Pitch and Harmony in Gyorgy Ligeti's "Hamburg Concerto" and "Syzygy" for String Quartet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corey, Charles

    The analysis component of this dissertation focuses on intricate and complex pitch relationships in Gyorgy Ligeti's last work, the Hamburg Concerto. This piece uses two distinct tuning systems---twelve tone equal temperament and just intonation---throughout its seven movements. Often, these two systems are used simultaneously, creating complex harmonic relationships. This combination allows Ligeti to exploit the unique features of each system and explore their relationships to each other. Ligeti's just intonation in the Hamburg Concerto comes mainly from the five French horns, who are instructed to keep their hands out of the bell to allow the instrument to sound its exact harmonics. The horns themselves, however, are tuned to varying different fundamentals, creating a constantly changing series of just-intoned pitches anchored above an equal-tempered bass. This method of generating just-intoned intervals adds a second layer to the relationship between equal temperament and just intonation. This paper focuses on creating ways to understand this relationship, and describing the ramifications of these tunings as they unfold throughout the piece. Ligeti very carefully crafts this work in a way that creates a balance between the systems. Research done at the Paul Sacher Stiftung has uncovered a significant collection of errors in the published score. Clearing up these discrepancies allows for a much more accurate and more informed analysis. Throughout this dissertation, mistakes are corrected, and several aspects of the score are clarified. The tuning systems are described, and a likely tuning scheme for the horns is posited. (The analytical component of the dissertation delves into the many varying intervals which all fit into one interval class---a feature that is best explored when two distinct tuning systems are juxtaposed.) A language is created herein to better understand these pitch relationships that fit neither into equal temperament nor just intonation. The

  13. Hass avocado modulates postprandial vascular reactivity and postprandial inflammatory responses to a hamburger meal in healthy volunteers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhaoping; Wong, Angela; Henning, Susanne M; Zhang, Yanjun; Jones, Alexis; Zerlin, Alona; Thames, Gail; Bowerman, Susan; Tseng, Chi-Hong; Heber, David

    2013-02-26

    Hass avocados are rich in monounsaturated fatty acids (oleic acid) and antioxidants (carotenoids, tocopherols, polyphenols) and are often eaten as a slice in a sandwich containing hamburger or other meats. Hamburger meat forms lipid peroxides during cooking. After ingestion, the stomach functions as a bioreactor generating additional lipid peroxides and this process can be inhibited when antioxidants are ingested together with the meat. The present pilot study was conducted to investigate the postprandial effect of the addition of 68 g of avocado to a hamburger on vasodilation and inflammation. Eleven healthy subjects on two separate occasions consumed either a 250 g hamburger patty alone (ca. 436 cal and 25 g fat) or together with 68 grams of avocado flesh (an additional 114 cal and 11 g of fat for a total of 550 cal and 36 g fat), a common culinary combination, to assess effects on vascular health. Using the standard peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) method to calculate the PAT index, we observed significant vasoconstriction 2 hours following hamburger ingestion (2.19 ± 0.36 vs. 1.56 ± 0.21, p = 0.0007), which did not occur when the avocado flesh was ingested together with the burger (2.17 ± 0.57 vs. 2.08 ± 0.51, NS p = 0.68). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated from postprandial blood samples and the Ikappa-B alpha (IκBα) protein concentration was determined to assess effects on inflammation. At 3 hours, there was a significant preservation of IκBα (131% vs. 58%, p = 0.03) when avocado was consumed with the meat compared to meat alone, consistent with reduced activation of the NF-kappa B (NFκB) inflammatory pathway. IL-6 increased significantly at 4 hours in postprandial serum after consumption of the hamburger, but no change was observed when avocado was added. Postprandial serum triglyceride concentration increased, but did not further increase when avocado was ingested with the burger compared to burger alone despite the added fat and

  14. Types of Identification and Intergroup Differentiation in the Russian Federation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Minescu, Anca; Hagendoorn, Louk; Poppe, Edwin

    2008-01-01

    The fall of the Soviet Union affected the established identity patterns and intergroup relations in the Russian Federation. A survey investigates the effect of Russians’ and titulars’ identifications with their ethnic group, their republic, and the Russian Federation on intergroup stereotypes.We

  15. Recent and future developments of the oil industry in Russian Federation and more particularly in the Republic of Baskortostan; Evolution recente et perspectives d'evolution de l'industrie petroliere en federation de Russie et plus specialement dans la Republique du Bachkortostan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garifullin, R

    2001-09-01

    The objective of the thesis is to analyse the actual situation in the Russian oil industry and to envisage basic ways if its future development. The first chapter evaluates the place of the former USSR and Russia in the world and particularly European systems of energy supply. The three next chapters analyse the currents situation in the sectors of oil exploration and production, logistics and refining in Russia. The fifth chapter aims to figure out the perspectives of the refining industry taking into account the evolution of demand for basic petroleum products and the production capacities. Optimisation of refining and production volumes between the Russian refineries is done by minimising the transportation cost between the refineries and consuming regions by using linear programming. The last chapter analyses the regional impacts of the oil industry taking the Republic of Baskortostan as example. The contribution of the oil industry to regional development is evaluated in the framework of the export base theory using the Input-Output analysis as mathematical tool. (author)

  16. The Marginalization of Globally-Born Businesses: Ethnically Divided Trade in Hamburg and the World Economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rezaei, Shahamak

    2009-01-01

    , qualitative as well as quantitative, of how such an ethnic enclave economy of scale operates, how it reproduced itself and how it met the challenges, be it political, demographical or others. Results: The study showed, that in spite of major political turbulence in Iran since 1979, the spreading of state...... controlled trading companies inside and outside of Iran and increasing international market pressure due to the growth of copying production of Persian carpets in other countries, the Tehran-Hamburg axis remains the core of this trade-with private Iranian traders occupying the dominant position on both sides......, entrance into mainstream economy which required both more than common national and ethnic background. The challenge for this economy is how to dissolve from strong ties to more loose organization based on rationally structured mode of organization. So far, however, the limited group of traders stick...

  17. Port Competition in the Northern Range from Le Havre to Hamburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Thorez

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The main European ports of the Northern Range facingstrong competition develop various strategies. Rotterdam andLe Havre, fast transit, Antwe1p, logistic activities with storage,Hamburg, hub for central and eastem Europe. These strategieswill be described in the paper.All of them are building new container terminals and usenew tools in technology of communications to increase trafficand to enable shipping lines to achieve their own strategies. Thenew equipments will also b.: analysed.In the last years, the competition is mainly on the links withthe hinterland. Major ports t1y to enlarge their hinterlands bytransshipment, railway con"idors, waterway connections andhighways. The importance of ports and inland intermodalnodes is growing.Nowadays, port competition in the Northern Range is locatednot only in the ports.

  18. [Model study programs in medicine : Innovations in medical education in Hamburg and Berlin].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guse, Andreas H; Kuhlmey, Adelheid

    2018-02-01

    Medical science is constantly evolving. Teaching and training must keep pace with these innovations and react in a flexible fashion to new requirements. Model medical education programs, which are governed by the provisions of Sect. 41 of the Regulations for the Licensing of Medical Practitioners (ÄAppO), permit the piloting of innovative teaching programs, which support the continuous development of medical training through incorporation into the standard curricula. This paper reports on the model study programs at the University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf (iMED) and Charité - University Medicine Berlin (MSM). It describes the reform objectives, the curricula and selected projects accompanying both models and concludes by exploring the significance of various training concepts for the development of medical education.

  19. 28th Annual DIA EuroMeeting (April 6-8, 2016 - Hamburg, Germany).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petit, M D; Fernández, J

    2016-05-01

    The 28(th) Drug Information Association (DIA) Annual EuroMeeting took place in Hamburg, Germany, gathering together participants from different industries, organizations, academic research centers, regulatory agencies and health ministries, mainly from the E.U. The conference began with a regulatory Town Hall meeting focusing on the E.U. Medicines Agencies Network strategy to 2020. This was followed by an opening plenary session where the diverse roles of innovation in drug development were discussed. Areas for discussion over the meeting were classified into 14 main themes, and for each session, profession¬als from the pharmaceutical industry, regulatory agencies and health ministries, as well as delegates from patient organizations, presented their considerations for debate. This report covers some regulatory sessions presented at the meeting. Copyright 2016 Prous Science, S.A.U. or its licensors. All rights reserved.

  20. 75 FR 34689 - Pure Magnesium From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Results of the 2008-2009...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-18

    ... Magnesium From the People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation and Ukraine; Notice of Amended Final..., 2009), and accompanying Issues and Decision Memorandum at Comment 1; Certain New Pneumatic Off-The-Road...

  1. 75 FR 1755 - Prestressed Concrete Steel Wire Strand From the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Prestressed Concrete Steel Wire Strand From the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Final Determination AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade Administration...

  2. The Technical and Business Analysis of Using Shore Power Connection in The Port of Hamburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devi Hotnauli Samosir

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In port, when the ship is berthing the loading, unloading, and hospitality activity is using auxiliary engine. The combustion of marine fuels is a major contributor to air pollution, the air pollution is released 400 km around the port area. The impacts of the pollution are respiratory, health, and the environment around ports. Study indicates 60.000 of cardiopulmonary mortalities caused by ship air emission. Ship emission represents 3% of global CO2, 15% of global NOx, and 6% of global SOx emission. Because of that Hamburg Port is released the shore power facilities in July 2015 with idea of smart port and use the renewable energy such as wind turbine and solar panel compliance with IEC-ISO-IEEE 8005-1. In this bachelor thesis, the cost and also the condition between shore power and auxiliary engine will be analyzed and compared to find the most economical between shore power facilities and ship’s auxiliary engine. Shore power facilities in Hamburg are provided by SIEMENS with SIHARBOR and use a robot arm by Stemman Technik as the cable management system. The goal of this thesis is developed calculation tool to see the cost comparison and also the emission. And from the calculation tool the shore power is reducing the emission by 100% because of using the renewable energy and become economical than using auxiliary engine, it can save up to €1000. The other benefits  are ship owner can save maintenance of their auxiliary engine and also saved the file. It shows that the shore power is a proven technology to reduce the emission and saved berth cost.

  3. Inactivation of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis during cooking of hamburger patties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammer, Philipp; Walte, Hans-Georg C; Matzen, Sönke; Hensel, Jann; Kiesner, Christian

    2013-07-01

    The role of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP) in Crohn's disease in humans has been debated for many years. Milk and milk products have been suggested as possible vectors for transmission since the beginning of this debate, whereas recent publications show that slaughtered cattle and their carcasses, meat, and organs can also serve as reservoirs for MAP transmission. The objective of this study was to generate heat-inactivation data for MAP during the cooking of hamburger patties. Hamburger patties of lean ground beef weighing 70 and 50 g were cooked for 6, 5, 4, 3, and 2 min, which were sterilized by irradiation and spiked with three different MAP strains at levels between 10² and 10⁶ CFU/ml. Single-sided cooking with one flip was applied, and the temperatures within the patties were recorded by seven thermocouples. Counting of the surviving bacteria was performed by direct plating onto Herrold's egg yolk medium and a three-vial most-probable-number method by using modified Dubos medium. There was considerable variability in temperature throughout the patties during frying. In addition, the log reduction in MAP numbers showed strong variations. In patties weighing 70 g, considerable bacterial reduction of 4 log or larger could only be achieved after 6 min of cooking. For all other cooking times, the bacterial reduction was less than 2 log. Patties weighing 50 g showed a 5-log or larger reduction after cooking times of 5 and 6 min. To determine the inactivation kinetics, a log-linear regression model was used, showing a constant decrease of MAP numbers over cooking time.

  4. Variation in the effectiveness of refractive surgery during the year: results from the Hamburg Weather Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuhaus-Richard, Ines; Frings, Andreas; Ament, Felix; Görsch, Isabel Caroline; Druchkiv, Vasyl; Katz, Toam; Linke, Stephan Johannes; Richard, Gisbert

    2014-07-01

    To examine the impact of seasonality on the refractive and visual outcomes of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in myopic eyes. Department of Ophthalmology and Care Vision Refractive Centers, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany. Retrospective cross-sectional data analysis. Two subgroups were defined. The first comprised patients having surgery during meteorological winter and the second, patients having surgery during meteorological summer. The manifest refraction and uncorrected and corrected visual acuities were assessed preoperatively and postoperatively. Robust regression analysis was applied with the efficacy index, safety index, and postoperative SE as dependent variables. This study comprised 1052 eyes of 1052 consecutive myopic patients (419 men, 633 women; mean age at surgery 35.0 years ± 9.0 [SD]) with a mean preoperative refractive spherical equivalent (SE) of -3.88 ± 1.85 diopters (D). At the 1-month follow-up (mean 33.0 ± 5.0 days), the mean postoperative SE was -0.18 ± 0.44 D. The efficacy index was 0.023 higher in eyes with refractive surgery during summer than in eyes treated during winter (P=.032), indicating less efficacy during winter. The differences in the safety index and postoperative SE between summer and winter were not statistically significant. No eye had a change of more than 1 line on the logMAR scale (corrected distance visual acuity). Although the difference in the efficacy index was statistically significant, the difference in the outcomes of LASIK was not clinically relevant, which shows the procedure's highly standardized reliability. Prospective longitudinal studies are warranted to address meteorotropic reactions by evaluating defined meteorological parameters. No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned. Copyright © 2014 ASCRS and ESCRS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. Federal Investment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Sheila; Tawil, Natalie

    2013-01-01

    The federal government pays for a wide range of goods and services that are expected to be useful some years in the future. Those purchases, called investment, fall into three categories: physical capital, research and development (R&D), and education and training. There are several economic rationales for federal investment. It can provide…

  6. Modelling the emissions from ships in ports and their impact on air quality in the metropolitan area of Hamburg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramacher, Martin; Karl, Matthias; Aulinger, Armin; Bieser, Johannes; Matthias, Volker; Quante, Markus

    2016-04-01

    Exhaust emissions from shipping contribute significantly to the anthropogenic burden of air pollutants such as nitrogen oxides (NOX) and particulate matter (PM). Ships emit not only when sailing on open sea, but also when approaching harbors, during port manoeuvers and at berth to produce electricity and heat for the ship's operations. This affects the population of harbor cities because long-term exposure to PM and NOX has significant effects on human health. The European Union has therefore has set air quality standards for air pollutants. Many port cities have problems meeting these standards. The port of Hamburg with around 10.000 ship calls per year is Germany's largest seaport and Europe's second largest container port. Air quality standard reporting in Hamburg has revealed problems in meeting limits for NO2 and PM10. The amount and contribution of port related ship emissions (38% for NOx and 17% for PM10) to the overall emissions in the metropolitan area in 2005 [BSU Hamburg (2012): Luftreinhalteplan für Hamburg. 1. Fortschreibung 2012] has been modelled with a bottom up approach by using statistical data of ship activities in the harbor, technical vessel information and specific emission algorithms [GAUSS (2008): Quantifizierung von gasförmigen Emissionen durch Maschinenanlagen der Seeschiffart an der deutschen Küste]. However, knowledge about the spatial distribution of the harbor ship emissions over the city area is crucial when it comes to air quality standards and policy decisions to protect human health. Hence, this model study examines the spatial distribution of harbor ship emissions (NOX, PM10) and their deposition in the Hamburg metropolitan area. The transport and chemical transformation of atmospheric pollutants is calculated with the well-established chemistry transport model TAPM (The Air Pollution Model). TAPM is a three-dimensional coupled prognostic meteorological and air pollution model with a condensed chemistry scheme including

  7. Environmental management in the context of an integrated system in the gas supply concepts of Hamburg and Vienna; Umweltmanagement im Rahmen eines integrierten Systems in der Gasversorgung in Hamburg und in Wien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reimers, G.; Rennecke, R.W. [HEIN GAS Hamburger Gaswerke GmbH, Hamburg (Germany); Dvorak, H. [WIENGAS, Wien (Austria)

    2001-11-01

    WIENGAS implemented an environmental management system based on DIN EN ISO 14001 as integrated management system with a quality management system based on DIN EN ISO 9001:2000. The existing integrated management system of HEIN GAS was used as basis. Additional consultant was bought from Hamburg too. The following news item reports about the ecobalance of HEIN GAS and the process ratio of WIENGAS. (orig.) [German] Bei der Wiengas wurde ein Umweltmanagementsystem nach DIN EN ISO 14001 zusammen als integriertes Managementsystem mit einem Qualitaetsmanagementsystem nach DIN EN ISO 9001:2000 eingefuehrt. Bei der Einfuehrung wurde das seit 1996 existierende integrierte Managementsystem von HEINGAS als Orientierungsgrundlage herangezogen und Beratung aus Hamburg eingekauft. Im nachfolgenden Artikel soll auf die Oekobilanz von HEINGAS und auf die Prozesskennzahlen der WIENGAS eingegangen werden. (orig.)

  8. Port of Hamburg - masterpiece of logistic: Presentation held at the Workshop Maritime and Logistics - Partnerships for Global Competitiveness, 24.10.2013, Montreal

    OpenAIRE

    Jahn, Carlos

    2013-01-01

    The port of Hamburg represents a masterpiece of logistics. It not only delivers performance but also masters complexity. In addition it provides connectivity to other continents and within Europe. The "Port River Information System Elbe" and the "Port Road Management" contribute to the efficiency of the port. All this is topped off with the fact that the port of Hamburg also strives to eco-friendliness.

  9. The History of Mycological Research in the Republic of Tatarstan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Potapov K.O.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Historical analysis of the publications on mycology, phytopathology, and lichen-based indication is provided. A number of experts from Kazan and other regions published results of their research based on mycological materials collected in the natural and anthropogenic communities of the Republic of Tatarstan. The personal collections of mycobiota from the herbarium of the Kazan Federal University were observed. The most significant publications were considered. Historical periodization was finally performed.

  10. Contemporary Youth Identity in the Republic of Tuva, Russia

    OpenAIRE

    Katherine Zeahan Leung

    2017-01-01

    Youth of ethnic Tuvan heritage within the Tuvan Republic (part of the Russian Federation) aged 6 to 24 represent a dynamic force which has been shaped by two factors. One is the ancient Turkic heritage of Tuvan culture. Contemporary Tuvans, including youth, display both Russian and Tuvan nationalist feelings, admire martial culture and explore their cultural uniqueness. They hold in high esteem contact sports, especially martial arts such as sambo or judo. Tuvan athletes successfully compete ...

  11. The Changing Family in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohn, Charlotte; Luscher, Kurt

    1988-01-01

    Discusses recent developments in the family in West Germany. Examines family demographics; provides an overview of the main institutional forces, laws, and family policy; and refers to the organizational aspects of demography. Describes trend in Germany of shrinking household size and increasing share of one-person households. Describes statistics…

  12. Examining the design of the federal democratic republic of Ethiopian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However, Lijphart remarks that the practical effectiveness of consociational model presupposes wise constitutional design for which he provided nine main guidelines of constitutional design for divided societies (hereinafter shortly referred as, Lijphart's guidelines): 1) Proportional legislative electoral system, 2) Using the ...

  13. Interdisciplinary MSc and Doctoral Education in Climate System Science at the University of Hamburg

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dilly, Oliver; Stammer, Detlef; Pfeiffer, Eva-Maria

    2010-05-01

    Modern education in climate system sciences is based on a number of disciplines such as meteorology, geophysics, oceanography, geosciences and also economics and social sciences. Facts across these disciplines are required to address the faced key issues related to climate change effectively. Climate experts need to have profound knowledge that can only be achieved in interdisciplinary MSc and PhD programs. In Europe, graduate students who completed a BSc degree are typically proceeding with MSc programs to increase knowledge and qualification. Afterwards, the participation in a doctoral program may follow. Many doctoral programs include courses supporting disciplinary methodological and scientific background in particular. Those courses derive either from advanced MSc programs or specific trainings. Typically, interdisciplinary exchange is difficult to achieve at any stage of disciplinary graduate programs. Recent developments showed the need to educate climate experts in interdisciplinary MSc programs in climate system sciences for both researchers and professionals outside the university. The University of Hamburg offers an interdisciplinary 2-yr MSc program in Integrated System Sciences with 120 ECTS (30 compulsory, 90 eligible) in English language. If the MSc student decides to proceed with a PhD thesis, he/she may not necessarily complete the MSc program but may start to work on a specific and disciplinary doctoral thesis for 3 years. Each doctoral student is guided by an advisory panel (AP) which meets at least bi-annually. The AP consists of a Principal Advisor, a Co-Advisor and a Chair of the panel who come from neighboring disciplines. The structured doctoral program with only 12 CPs includes interdisciplinary compulsory courses and tailor-made eligible expert courses. Summer schools and soft skill courses add to both MSc and doctoral programs. Accordingly, the new graduate school concepts in climate system sciences at the University of Hamburg supports

  14. Reliability of a science admission test (HAM-Nat) at Hamburg medical school

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hissbach, Johanna; Klusmann, Dietrich; Hampe, Wolfgang

    2011-01-01

    Objective: The University Hospital in Hamburg (UKE) started to develop a test of knowledge in natural sciences for admission to medical school in 2005 (Hamburger Auswahlverfahren für Medizinische Studiengänge, Naturwissenschaftsteil, HAM-Nat). This study is a step towards establishing the HAM-Nat. We are investigating parallel forms reliability, the effect of a crash course in chemistry on test results, and correlations of HAM-Nat test results with a test of scientific reasoning (similar to a subtest of the "Test for Medical Studies", TMS). Methods: 316 first-year students participated in the study in 2007. They completed different versions of the HAM-Nat test which consisted of items that had already been used (HN2006) and new items (HN2007). Four weeks later half of the participants were tested on the HN2007 version of the HAM-Nat again, while the other half completed the test of scientific reasoning. Within this four week interval students were offered a five day chemistry course. Results: Parallel forms reliability for four different test versions ranged from rtt=.53 to rtt=.67. The retest reliabilities of the HN2007 halves were rtt=.54 and rtt =.61. Correlations of the two HAM-Nat versions with the test of scientific reasoning were r=.34 und r=.21. The crash course in chemistry had no effect on HAM-Nat scores. Conclusions: The results suggest that further versions of the test of natural sciences will not easily conform to the standards of internal consistency, parallel-forms reliability and retest reliability. Much care has to be taken in order to assemble items which could be used interchangeably for the construction of new test versions. The test of scientific reasoning and the HAM-Nat are tapping different constructs. Participation in a chemistry course did not improve students’ achievement, probably because the content of the course was not coordinated with the test and many students lacked of motivation to do well in the second test. PMID:21866246

  15. Reliability of a science admission test (HAM-Nat) at Hamburg medical school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hissbach, Johanna; Klusmann, Dietrich; Hampe, Wolfgang

    2011-01-01

    The University Hospital in Hamburg (UKE) started to develop a test of knowledge in natural sciences for admission to medical school in 2005 (Hamburger Auswahlverfahren für Medizinische Studiengänge, Naturwissenschaftsteil, HAM-Nat). This study is a step towards establishing the HAM-Nat. We are investigating parallel forms reliability, the effect of a crash course in chemistry on test results, and correlations of HAM-Nat test results with a test of scientific reasoning (similar to a subtest of the "Test for Medical Studies", TMS). 316 first-year students participated in the study in 2007. They completed different versions of the HAM-Nat test which consisted of items that had already been used (HN2006) and new items (HN2007). Four weeks later half of the participants were tested on the HN2007 version of the HAM-Nat again, while the other half completed the test of scientific reasoning. Within this four week interval students were offered a five day chemistry course. Parallel forms reliability for four different test versions ranged from r(tt)=.53 to r(tt)=.67. The retest reliabilities of the HN2007 halves were r(tt)=.54 and r(tt )=.61. Correlations of the two HAM-Nat versions with the test of scientific reasoning were r=.34 und r=.21. The crash course in chemistry had no effect on HAM-Nat scores. The results suggest that further versions of the test of natural sciences will not easily conform to the standards of internal consistency, parallel-forms reliability and retest reliability. Much care has to be taken in order to assemble items which could be used interchangeably for the construction of new test versions. The test of scientific reasoning and the HAM-Nat are tapping different constructs. Participation in a chemistry course did not improve students' achievement, probably because the content of the course was not coordinated with the test and many students lacked of motivation to do well in the second test.

  16. The Comparative Effect of Carrot and Lemon Fiber as a Fat Replacer on Physico-chemical, Textural, and Organoleptic Quality of Low-fat Beef Hamburger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soncu, Eda Demirok; Kolsarıcı, Nuray; Çiçek, Neslihan; Öztürk, Görsen Salman; Akoğlu, Ilker T; Arıcı, Yeliz Kaşko

    2015-01-01

    This study was designed to determine the usability of lemon fiber (LF-2%, 4%, 6%) and carrot fiber (CF-2%, 4%, 6%) to produce low-fat beef hamburgers. To that end, a certain amount of fat was replaced with each fiber. The proximate composition, pH value, cholesterol content, cooking characteristics, color, texture profile, and sensory properties of low-fat beef hamburgers were investigated. LF increased moisture content and cooking yield due to its better water binding properties, while CF caused higher fat and cholesterol contents owing to its higher fat absorption capacity (p<0.05). LF resulted in a lighter, redder, and more yellow color (p<0.05). Hardness, gumminess, springiness, and chewiness parameters decreased when the usage level of both fibers increased (p<0.05). However, more tender, gummy, springy, and smoother hamburgers were produced by the addition of CF in comparison with LF (p<0.05). Moreover, hamburgers including CF were rated with higher sensory scores (p<0.05). In conclusion, LF demonstrated better technological results in terms of cooking yield, shrinkage, moisture retention, and fat retention. However it is suggested that CF produces better low-fat hamburgers since up to 2% CF presented sensory and textural properties similar to those of regular hamburgers.

  17. The Zoology Department at Washington University (1944-1954): from undergraduate to graduate studies with Viktor Hamburger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunnebacke, T H

    2001-04-01

    Beginning from an undergraduate's perspective and continuing through graduate school, this student's experiences in the Department of Zoology at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri was a time of many rewarding experiences. Now, on this occasion of his 100th birthday, I wish to express my appreciation to the Chairman, Dr. Viktor Hamburger, for his teachings, his encouragement, and his friendship that has lasted over the past 56 years.

  18. Quality of life of Turkish type 2 diabetics in Germany and Turkey--a comparison between Hamburg and Istanbul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kofahl, Christopher; Doğan, Mustafa; Doğan, Gülsün; Mnich, Eva; von dem Knesebeck, Olaf

    2014-01-01

    The analyses address the following research questions: (1) Do Turkish diabetics in Germany and Turkey differ in terms of quality of life? (2) If yes, can these differences (in part) be explained by social factors (age, gender, education, household size), functional limitations and availability of support? (3) Are social factors, functional limitations and availability of support differently associated with quality of life among Turkish diabetics in Germany and Turkey? For this comparative cross-sectional study, 111 patients with type 2 diabetes were personally interviewed in Istanbul (Turkey) and 294 Turkish patients in Hamburg (Germany). For quality of life measurement we have used the Turkish version of the WHOQOL-Bref-26. Sociodemographics included age, sex, education and household-size. Health related functional limitations were assessed on the basis of an index of (instrumental) activities of daily living including the availability of help. Statistical analyses were conducted on group comparisons with Chi-square- and T-tests as well as linear regressions. There are no significant differences between Turkish diabetics in Germany and Turkey in the physical and the psychological dimensions of the WHOQOL-Bref. However, in the WHOQOL-domains 'social QoL' and 'environmental QoL' Turkish diabetics living in Hamburg have a significantly better quality of life than their counterparts in Istanbul. These differences cannot be explained by individual sociodemographic factors, functional limitations and availability of support. Furthermore, we found much stronger positive associations between education and quality of life in Istanbul than in Hamburg. Beyond strong similarities between the two samples in sociodemographics, physical and mental health the social and environmental quality of life was significantly assessed better by the Turkish diabetics living in Hamburg. This is most likely an effect of public investment in social security, infrastructure and health care

  19. Managing and governing commodity chains: the role of producer service firms in the secondary global city of Hamburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parnreiter, Christof

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper is motivated by the observation that our understanding of global cities in Germany and beyond is limited because the practices through which producer service firms (PSFs are involved in managing and governing their clients’ global commodity chains (GCCs have barely been studied. Based on interviews with representatives of PSFs in the secondary global city of Hamburg, the paper scrutinises whether and how service professionals contribute to the functioning and the control of their clients’ cross-border operations. It also analyses why clients choose global PSFs located in Hamburg, and it discusses which place Hamburg occupies in the network of German global cities. The paper concludes that because PSFs fulfil management functions for their clients’ global operations Hamburg is, beyond the role of its port, a critical node in many GCCs. Secondly, PSFs influence their clients’ decision-making processes. They are part of economic governance processes, though this impact cannot be straightforwardly equated with ‘command and control’. The paper also confirms that (and explains why the world city network is the spatial correlate of a globalising economy. Finally, there is no such a thing as a ‘global city hierarchy’ because the division of labour between the offices of PSFs is functional. As regards further research, a first task is to verify this paper’s findings through interviews with clients of PSFs to consolidate our knowledge on the role of PSFs in GCCs. Secondly, the contention that the world city network is flat has to be re-examined against the backdrop of an evident clustering of PSFs in specific cities. Finally, the discussion of whether and how PSFs are involved in the governance of their clients‘ GCCs needs to be continued and deepened.

  20. The dioxin/POPs legacy of pesticide production in Hamburg: part 2--waste deposits and remediation of Georgswerder landfill.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Götz, Rainer; Sokollek, Volker; Weber, Roland

    2013-04-01

    α-HCH, β-HCH, and γ-HCH (lindane) were listed as persistent organic pollutants in the Stockholm Convention. Therefore, they need to be globally addressed including the wastes remaining from historic use and production. While at most lindane production sites the unintentionally produced 85% HCH waste isomers have been deposited, at a former pesticide factory in Hamburg-Moorfleet HCH waste isomers have been recycled from 1953 to 1984 by thermal decomposition to chlorobenzenes and resulted in high polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/polychlorinated dibenzofuran (PCDD/PCDF)-contaminated residues. The management of the PCDD/PCDF-contaminated waste from the former pesticide factory in Hamburg has been assessed and quantified. Based on past accredited PCDD/PCDF measurements, the registered 3,700 tonnes of disposed thermal HCH decomposition residue contained 333 to 854 kg of PCDD/PCDF toxicity equivalent (I-TEQ) in 53-102 tonnes total sum of PCDD/PCDF. The wastes have been deposited together with other wastes in landfills in Hamburg and other parts of Germany. For the Georgswerder landfill (Hamburg), where approximately 50% of the PCDD/PCDF is disposed, current and previous situation and remediation activities are described. While PCDD/PCDF leaching from the landfill is controlled and incinerated, more water soluble organochlorines (vinyl chloride, cis-1,2-dichlorethene, chlorobenzenes) and benzene remain as a challenge for groundwater management. A comprehensive aftercare program has been established and will need to be operated by future generations including renewal of containment systems. Former lindane/HCH productions need-in addition to HCH deposits-to be assessed for possible recycling practice of HCH and related PCDD/PCDF-containing deposits. This could systematically be addressed within the Stockholm Convention implementation.

  1. Effects of Lemon Balm on the Oxidative Stability and the Quality Properties of Hamburger Patties during Refrigerated Storage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hyun-Joo; Choi, Yang-Il

    2014-01-01

    This study was performed to investigate the effects of lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) on various quality and antioxidant activity of hamburger patties. Lemon balm extract (LBE) showed the highest amount of total polyphenol (801.00 mg TAE/g DW) and flavonoids (65.05 mg RA/g DW). The IC50 value of DPPH hydroxyl scavenging of LBE was 132 μg/mL. The hamburger patties were prepared by 0% (N), 0.1% (L1), 0.5% (L2), and 1.0% (L3) of the lemon balm powder. The addition of lemon balm powder increased the chewiness value, but did not affect the hardness, cohesiveness, and springiness values. Lemon balm powder had positive effects on sensory evaluation of patties. The pH of all patties decreased with longer storage period. 2-Thiobarbituric acid value, volatile basic nitrogen content, and the total microbial counts of hamburger patties in the L3 group were lower, compared to those of the normal (N group). In conclusion, the L3 group had significantly delayed lipid peroxidation compared to other treatment groups. However, the addition of lemon balm powder into patties showed no significantly influence on proximate composition, calorie contents, water holding capacity and cooking loss of patties. Therefore, lemon balm might be a useful natural antioxidant additive in meat products. PMID:26761292

  2. Isolation of shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7/NM from hamburger and chicken nugget

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Miri

    2014-01-01

    Material and Methods: From June 2013 to July 2013, a total of 190 hamburger (120 and chicken nugget (70, were collected from four randomly selected factories in Isfahan, Iran. They were evaluated for the presence of E. coli O157:H7/NM using microbiological culture and polymerase chain reaction. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software version 16.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago o, IL, USA. Results: From a total of 190 samples analyzed four samples (2.1% were contaminated with E. coli O157. All of the E. coli O157 were isolated from hamburger samples (3.3% and chicken nugget samples were negative. Of four E. coli O157 isolated, only one sample was serotype E. coli O157:H7 and others were serotype E. coli O157:NM. Among four E. coli O157:H7/NM isolates, one strain was positive for all stx1, stx2, eaeA and ehxA genes. One strain was positive for stx2 gene. The other two were negative for these genes. All isolates (100% were resistant to one or more antimicrobial agents. Conclusions: The results of this study showed that hamburger could be a significant source of E. coli O157:H7 and E. coli O157:NM serotypes in Iran and multi-resistance was found in 27% of E. coli O157 strains and this is a major public health concern.

  3. Measurements to check vapour recovery systems of public retail stations in Hamburg (Phase 1); Messaktion zur Ueberpruefung von Gasrueckfuehrungssystemen an oeffentlichen Tankstellen in der Freien und Hansestadt Hamburg (Phase 1)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Altmann, B.R. [Deutsche Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaft fuer Erdoel, Erdgas und Kohle e.V., Hamburg (Germany); Golgert, R. [Gesundheits- und Umweltamt, Hamburg (Germany). Bezirksamt Wandsbek; Okelmann, J. [Umweltbehoerde, Hamburg (Germany). Amt fuer Immissionsschutz und Betriebe; Schenck, H.G. [Gesundheits- und Umweltamt, Hamburg (Germany). Bezirksamt Eimsbuettel, Abt. fuer Umweltschutz

    2000-06-01

    DGMK jointly with the local authorities of health and environment, in close co-operation with the environmental authorities of the city of Hamburg, are thoroughly examining the vapour recovery systems at all public service stations in Hamburg. In phase I 50 sites were examined in August/September 1999 by several measuring methods called liquid-measurement, liquid-check, quick-check (UPA 50/Flo-Tester) and dry-measurement procedure. They delivered proportions and causes of bad performing and defective devices leading to appropriate maintenance. The dry-measurement procedure commonly used with regular checks by itself is not satisfactory to prove overall performance of the vapour recovery equipment. It should always be supplemented by a liquid-check procedure in order to ensure that the assigned vapour pumps work. As the dry-measurement procedure simulates a fuel flow it cannot detect such defects. Complete breakdowns of vapour recovery systems can be localised reliably with the quick check devices UPA 50/Flo-Tester. But due to high error tolerances, quick check devices are not suitable for quantitative measurement of vapour recovery rates on service stations. (orig.) [German] Die DGMK fuehrt unter Beteiligung der Umweltbehoerde Hamburg zusammen mit den Gesundheits- und Umweltaemtern der Bezirke und den Tankstellenbetreibern in einem Gemeinschaftsprojekt detaillierte Untersuchungen der Gasrueckfuehrungssysteme an allen Hamburger Tankstellen durch. Ziel der Untersuchung ist die Ueberpruefung und Verbesserung des technischen Zustandes der Gasrueckfuehrsysteme an allen Hamburger Tankstellen. Darueber hinaus sollen genaue Kenntnisse ueber die Verlaesslichkeit von gaengigen Messverfahren zur Ueberpruefung von Gasrueckfuehrsystemen erworben werden. In der Phase I wurden an 50 Tankstellen Messungen im August/September 1999 unter Anwendung des Nassmessverfahrens, des Trockenmessverfahrens, der Schnelltester (Flo-Tester und UPA 50) sowie der Nasskontrolle zur Ueberpruefung

  4. Gestations and parturitions after the Chernoby1 reactor accident. A representative evaluation for the Federal Republic of Germany and Berlin (West). Final report; Schwangerschaften und Geburten nach dem Reaktorunfall in Tschernobyl. Eine repraesentative Erhebung fuer die Bundesrepublik Deutschland und Berlin (West). Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoeltz, J.; Hoeltz, A.; Potthoff, P. [Infratest Gesundheitsforschung, Muenchen (Germany); Brachner, A.; Grosche, B.; Hinz, G.; Kaul, A.; Martignoni, K.; Roedler, H.D.; Schwarz, E.; Tsavachidis, C.

    1992-09-01

    In the Federal Republic of Germany (former states) a cohort study was performed to find out, if there were any untoward pregnancy outcomes (preterm births) after the Chernobyl accident. It was also investigated, whether a possibly increased incidence of premature births was correlated to fears of the pregnant women for increased radiation exposure. The study was carried out in 3 stages: In the first stage (card-file monitoring) the data of 5,548 pregnant women (date of conception between April and August 1986) were taken from their gynaecologists` card-files, and in stage 2 and 3 (questionnaire/pregnancy record monitoring) 3,946 pregnant women (date of conception between January 1987 and February 1988) additionally filled in an extensive questionnaire. The influence of the following risk factors was studied: fears, smoking, drug consumption, biomedical and socio-economic factors. Both, in the card-file monitoring and the questionnaire, there was no statistically significant difference in the rate of preterm births in areas with different radiation exposure. From women living in areas with higher radiation exposure due to the Chernobyl fallout fears related to environmental risks were mentioned more frequently. There was a statistically significant increase in premature births for the risk factors smoking, psycho-drug consumption, and for biomedical risks as documented in the pregnancy records. When comparing this study with a similar one from 1981/1982, no difference in the rate of preterm births was observed. (orig.). [Deutsch] In einer bundesweit angelegten Kohortenstudie wurde untersucht, ob nach dem Reaktorunfall in Tschernobyl in den vom Fallout hoeher betroffenen Gebieten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (alte Laender) haeufiger unguenstige Schwangerschaftsausgaenge (Fruehgeburten) zu beobachten waren als in den uebrigen Gebieten, und ob ein eventuell erhoehtes Auftreten von Fruehgeburten mit Aengsten der Schwangeren infolge der erhoehten Strahlenexposition in

  5. An XUV-split and delay line at the free electron laser in Hamburg

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beeck, Torben; Meyer, Holger; Gieschen, Sven; Beye, Martin; Schlotter, William F.; Sorgenfrei, Florian; Foehlisch, Alexander; Wurth, Wilfried [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Universitaet Hamburg (Germany); Nagasono, Mitsuru [Institut fuer Experimentalphysik, Universitaet Hamburg (Germany); XFEL Project Head Office, RIKEN, Hyogo (Japan)

    2008-07-01

    At the Free Electron Laser in Hamburg (FLASH) we are integrating a soft X-ray beam split and delay line to the plane grating monochromator beamline (PG2). This system will enable pump-probe spectroscopy of ultrafast dynamics. Pulse to pulse timing jitter is circumvented by the controlled synchronisation of the delay line. The wavefront of the incoming beam is divided by illuminating the edge of a mirror. By controlling the optical path length for each beam, pulse delays as short as 10 fs or as long as 20 ps can be generated. The system employs four mirrors to split and mix the beam and four mirrors to control the delay. Each mirror is a silicon single crystal with a diamond like carbon coating. The four delay mirrors are arranged at grazing incidence forming a parallelogram. Together with the beam splitters this forms an adjustable path Mach-Zehnder interferometer. For stability the delay mirrors are fixed to a rigid support structure. Simply translating the structure imparts a delay between the pulses.

  6. [Transfer of Care Innovations from the Hamburg Network for Mental Health to other Health Regions].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokar, Oksana; Dörbecker, Regine; Böhmann, Tilo; Härter, Martin

    2015-07-01

    The goal of this paper is to present the research conducted for systemizing network elements and analyzing their interconnection that emerged during the establishment and functioning of health care innovation project of psychenet - the Hamburg Network for Mental Health.Semi-structured manual-based face-to-face interviews with project researchers and leaders were conducted. The gathered data was validated and updated several times during the project duration. The results include a systematic description of 186 network elements developed during the overall project and respective subprojects. The elements were consolidated in a web-based database and integrated into the psychenet.de public website. A clustering of elements was conducted and modules of elements were generated based on the interconnection between the related elements.The systematic description of network elements as well as determination of their interconnection and dependency can play an important role in understanding the emergence and functioning of integrated mental health networks. The innovative medical networks prove to be complex service systems and urge for a grounded application of integration techniques in order to be successfully transferred and adopted in other regions. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  7. [Home treatment--a treatment model of integrated care in Hamburg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schöttle, Daniel; Ruppelt, Friederike; Karow, Anne; Lambert, Martin

    2015-03-01

    Treatment models like "Crisis Resolution and Hometreatment (CRHT)" or "Assertive Community Treatment" (ACT), were found to be effective, enhancing the qualitative level of treatment for patients with severe mental disorders. In Germany, these are implemented only sporadically until today, often as part of a cross-sectoral Integrated Care (IC) treatment system. We will present the implementation of an "Assertive Community Treatment" embedded into an IC-treatment model in Hamburg and discuss the 3-year-outcomes. The IC-treatment model has been designed for severe mentally ill patients with psychotic disorders. Since May 2007 the model is financed by different health insurances as a managed-care "capitation-model" and its effectiveness gets continuously evaluated. The model proved to be effective in earlier studies were compared with standard care low rates of service disengagement were found as well as significantly improved psychopathology, psychosocial functioning, quality of life, satisfaction with care and adherence, while being cost effective. The rates of involuntary admissions declined to 10% in comparison to the years before. In 2011 the model was specified to the indication "first-episode adolescents and young adults in the age of 12-29" in a government-funded study "Integrated Care in Early Psychosis, ICEP Study". In this study an interdisciplinary team of child, adolescent and adult psychiatrists was implemented and since 2012 it is financed by the involved health insurances throughout an expansion of the §140 SGB V agreement. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  8. Flow model of the Hudson River estuary from Albany to New Hamburg, New York

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stedfast, David A.

    1982-01-01

    A one-dimensional transient-flow-simulation model was developed to represent a 76-mile reach of the tidal Hudson River between Albany and New Hamburg, N.Y. The river 's direction of flow reverses four times daily as a result of tidal influence, and this process produces complex current patterns and retards the rate at which the river can flush out pollutants. In the model, the reach studied is treated as two subreaches to incorporate differences in channel conditions and to simplify model calibration. This report provides all stage (water-level) and discharge data that were used to calibrate and verify the model and compares the model results with measured data. The model accurately simulated observed flows, but further calibration based upon additional prototype flow measurements would improve simulation of the flow magnitude and phasing of the tide reversal under low-flow conditions. The model can be used to calculate instantaneous stage, velocity, and discharge for any location in the reach and can also be used to calculate net volume flux between tide reversals. (USGS)

  9. Performance Evaluation of the Approaches and Algorithms for Hamburg Airport Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Zhifan; Okuniek, Nikolai; Gerdes, Ingrid; Schier, Sebastian; Lee, Hanbong; Jung, Yoon

    2016-01-01

    The German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) have been independently developing and testing their own concepts and tools for airport surface traffic management. Although these concepts and tools have been tested individually for European and US airports, they have never been compared or analyzed side-by-side. This paper presents the collaborative research devoted to the evaluation and analysis of two different surface management concepts. Hamburg Airport was used as a common test bed airport for the study. First, two independent simulations using the same traffic scenario were conducted: one by the DLR team using the Controller Assistance for Departure Optimization (CADEO) and the Taxi Routing for Aircraft: Creation and Controlling (TRACC) in a real-time simulation environment, and one by the NASA team based on the Spot and Runway Departure Advisor (SARDA) in a fast-time simulation environment. A set of common performance metrics was defined. The simulation results showed that both approaches produced operational benefits in efficiency, such as reducing taxi times, while maintaining runway throughput. Both approaches generated the gate pushback schedule to meet the runway schedule, such that the runway utilization was maximized. The conflict-free taxi guidance by TRACC helped avoid taxi conflicts and reduced taxiing stops, but the taxi benefit needed be assessed together with runway throughput to analyze the overall performance objective.

  10. Viticultural and chemical characteristics of Muscat Hamburg preselected clones grown for table grapes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vujović, Dragan; Maletić, Radojka; Popović-Đorđević, Jelena; Pejin, Boris; Ristić, Renata

    2017-01-01

    Clonal selection is one of the tools used for grapevine improvement and therefore is very important for obtaining clones with better characteristics than the variety population. The aim of this study was to select superior grapevines of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Muscat Hamburg grown for fresh consumption. The viticultural parameters and fruit composition of 35 selected vines were determined during a 5-year period. The evaluated parameters showed high variability among selected vines. The significant effect of vintage was observed for all descriptors with the exception of the number of seeds per berry and sugar concentration. Additionally, all vines were examined for their tolerance to low temperatures and the results showed 73% and 90% of primary bud injury at -20 and -25 °C, respectively. In relation to berry classification, the percentage of first-class grapes ranged from 60% to 69% for all selected grapevines. Multivariate statistical analysis was performed to classify grapevines based on their performance. Fourteen grapevines were identified as the most promising among the 35 vines initially planted, based on high yield, bunch and berry weight, sugar content and percentage of first-grade grapes. Those grapevines were selected for the next phase of the clonal selection. This study highlighted the importance of clonal selection for improvement of the variety population. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.

  11. Performance Evaluation of the Approaches and Algorithms Using Hamburg Airport Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Zhifan; Okuniek, Nikolai; Gerdes, Ingrid; Schier, Sebastian; Lee, Hanbong; Jung, Yoon

    2016-01-01

    The German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) have been independently developing and testing their own concepts and tools for airport surface traffic management. Although these concepts and tools have been tested individually for European and US airports, they have never been compared or analyzed side-by-side. This paper presents the collaborative research devoted to the evaluation and analysis of two different surface management concepts. Hamburg Airport was used as a common test bed airport for the study. First, two independent simulations using the same traffic scenario were conducted; one by the DLR team using the Controller Assistance for Departure Optimization (CADEO) and the Taxi Routing for Aircraft: Creation and Controlling (TRACC) in a real-time simulation environment, and one by the NASA team based on the Spot and Runway Departure Advisor (SARDA) in a fast-time simulation environment. A set of common performance metrics was defined. The simulation results showed that both approaches produced operational benefits in efficiency, such as reducing taxi times, while maintaining runway throughput. Both approaches generated the gate pushback schedule to meet the runway schedule, such that the runway utilization was maximized. The conflict-free taxi guidance by TRACC helped avoid taxi conflicts and reduced taxiing stops, but the taxi benefit needed be assessed together with runway throughput to analyze the overall performance objective.

  12. The Hamburg Ocean Atmosphere Parameters and Fluxes from Satellite Data – HOAPS-3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Andersson

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The availability of microwave instruments on satellite platforms allows the retrieval of essential water cycle components at high quality for improved understanding and evaluation of water processes in climate modelling. HOAPS-3, the latest version of the satellite climatology "Hamburg Ocean Atmosphere Parameters and Fluxes from Satellite Data" provides fields of turbulent heat fluxes, evaporation, precipitation, freshwater flux and related atmospheric variables over the global ice-free ocean. This paper describes the content, methodology and retrievals of the HOAPS climatology. A sophisticated processing chain, including all available Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I instruments aboard the satellites of the Defense Meteorological Satellites Program (DMSP and careful inter-sensor calibration, ensures a homogeneous time-series with dense data sampling and hence detailed information of the underlying weather situations. The completely reprocessed data set with a continuous time series from 1987 to 2005 contains neural network based algorithms for precipitation and wind speed and Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR based SST fields. Additionally, a new 85 GHz synthesis procedure for the defective SSM/I channels on DMSP F08 from 1988 on has been implemented. Freely available monthly and pentad means, twice daily composites and scan-based data make HOAPS-3 a versatile data set for studying ocean-atmosphere interaction on different temporal and spatial scales. HOAPS-3 data products are available via http://www.hoaps.org.

  13. Astronomy in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Palouš, Jan; Hadrava, Petr

    -, č. 128 (2007), s. 3-3 ISSN 0722-6691 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10030501 Keywords : astronomy * astropohysics * Czech republic Subject RIV: BN - Astronomy, Celestial Mechanics, Astrophysics

  14. Rock, Pop, Jazz: Vom Amateur zum Profi : Referate und Diskussionen der Tagung des Arbeitskreises Studium Populärer Musik, veranstaltet vom 12. bis 15. November 1987 in Hamburg anläßlich der Musikmesse Musica

    OpenAIRE

    Arbeitskreis Studium Populärer Musik

    1987-01-01

    Die Jahrestagung 1987 im Rahmen der Hamburger Musikmesse "Musica" stellte unseren relativ jungen Arbeitskreis auf den Prüfstand. Galt es doch nicht nur, sich auf dem Hamburger Messegelände mit einem ASPM-Messestand den professionellen Ausstellern gegenüber zu behaupten, sondern auch, neben den vielen parallel laufenden Tagungsangeboten zur "Musica" im Hamburger Congress Centrum ein eigenes ASPM-spezifisches Profil zu entwickeln. Mit einem abwechslungsreichen Programm, in des...

  15. Creeping Federalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sweeney, Richard J.

    2003-01-01

    The U.S. Constitution importantly limits the degree to which the federal governmentcan impose harmonization across member states. This paper reviews these limitations andhow they have evolved substantially over time in the U.S. It also discusses some of thebenefits and costs of such limitations, ...

  16. PingFederate

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — PingFederate Server provides Identity Federation and Single Sign On Capabilities. Federated identity management (or identity federation) enables enterprises to...

  17. Effect of ionizing radiation on the oxidation of cholesterol in frozen chicken and beef hamburgers;Efeito da radiacao ionizante sobre a oxidacao do colesterol em hamburgueres de frango e bovino congelados

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moura, Andrea Figueiredo Procopio de

    2004-07-01

    Several technologies have been developed to assure food quality. Among these technological processes, ionizing radiation has been described as a feasible alternative for food conservation, mainly for meat products, since it keeps their natural properties. In hamburgers, the use of irradiation has been studied due to the frequent implication of such products in outbreaks of food-borne diseases. Some of the outbreaks, which even killed consumers, were caused by E. coli O157:H7. But the use of ionizing radiation in hamburgers may form free radicals able to trigger lipid oxidation in the muscle tissue. As a component of the cell membrane lipids, cholesterol may also undergo oxidation and form biologically active compounds, with atherogenic, mutagenic, cytotoxic and cancerous properties. The aim of this work was to evaluate the occurrence of cholesterol oxidation products in chicken hamburgers and beef hamburgers submitted to irradiation and stored frozen, aerobically and under vacuum. The results showed that irradiation caused an increase of around 11% in the concentration of cholesterol oxides in frozen hamburgers. In chicken hamburgers, an increase in the levels of cholesterol oxides was observed ali over the storage period, while in beef hamburgers it was observed only in the final part of the storage period. Packaging itself did not have a significant effect on the concentrations of cholesterol oxides in either of the types of hamburgers studied. However, it showed a significant interaction with irradiation, that is, vacuum packaging prevented the formation of cholesterol oxides in irradiated beef hamburgers. (author)

  18. 77 FR 16810 - Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea..., the Department published in the Federal Register the countervailing duty order on corrosion-resistant...

  19. 76 FR 20954 - Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea..., the Department published in the Federal Register the countervailing duty order on corrosion-resistant...

  20. 75 FR 18153 - Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products from the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products from the Republic of Korea..., the Department published in the Federal Register the countervailing duty order on corrosion-resistant...

  1. 75 FR 51980 - Hand Trucks and Certain Parts Thereof from the People's Republic of China; Extension of Time...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Hand Trucks and Certain Parts Thereof from the People's Republic of China... Federal Register the initiation of administrative review of the antidumping duty order on hand trucks and...

  2. Fiscal Federalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feng, Xingyuan; Ljungwall, Christer; Guo, Sujian

    2013-01-01

    China's central–local relations have been marked by perpetual changes amidst economic restructuring. Fiscal decentralization on the expenditure side has been paralleled by centralization on the revenue side, accompanied by political centralization. Hence, our understanding of China's fiscal...... relations is not without controversy. This paper aims to make a theoretical contribution to the ongoing debate on ‘fiscal federalism’ by addressing crucial questions regarding China's central–local fiscal relations: first, to what extent do Chinese central–local fiscal relations conform to fiscal federalism...... in the Western literature? Second, are there any problems with existing principles of fiscal federalism and, if so, how to refine them? Third, how are refined principles relevant to the Chinese case and what policies should the Chinese government pursue in the future? Based on an in-depth and critical review...

  3. [Characteristics of children and adolescents with gender dysphoria referred to the Hamburg Gender Identity Clinic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Inga; Gjergji-Lama, Voltisa; Romer, Georg; Möller, Birgit

    2014-01-01

    Given the increasing demand for counselling in gender dysphoria in childhood in Germany, there is a definite need for empirical data on characteristics and developmental trajectories of this clinical group. This study aimed to provide a first overview by assessing demographic characteristics and developmental trajectories of a group of gender variant boys and girls referred to the specialised Gender Identity Clinic in Hamburg. Data were extracted from medical charts, transcribed and analysed using qualitative content analysis methods. Categories were set up by inductive-deductive reasoning based on the patients' parents' and clinicians' information in the files. Between 2006 and 2010, 45 gender variant children and adolescents were seen by clinicians; 88.9% (n = 40) of these were diagnosed with gender identity disorder (ICD-10). Within this group, the referral rates for girls were higher than for boys (1:1.5). Gender dysphoric girls were on average older than the boys and a higher percentage of girls was referred to the clinic at the beginning of adolescence (> 12 years of age). At the same time, more girls reported an early onset age. More girls made statements about their (same-sex) sexual orientation during adolescence and wishes for gender confirming medical interventions. More girls than boys revealed self-mutilation in the past or present as well as suicidal thoughts and/or attempts. Results indicate that the presentation of clinically referred gender dysphoric girls differs from the characteristics boys present in Germany; especially with respect to the most salient age differences. Therefore, these two groups require different awareness and individual treatment approaches.

  4. Walter Baade, Dynamical Astronomer at Goettingen, Hamburg, Mount Wilson, and Palomar Observatories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osterbrock, D. E.

    2002-09-01

    Walter Baade, famous for his astrophysical discoveries, also made many contributions in dynamical astronomy. His thesis at Goettingen University on the spectroscopic orbit of β Lyrae was based on spectrograms his teacher, Johannes Hartmann, had taken at Potsdam years earlier. Immediately on receiving his Ph.D. in 1919, Baade joined the Hamburg Bergedorf Observatory staff, and soon was the sole observer with its 1-m reflector, the largest telescope in Europe. Under its director, Richard Schorr, Baade's main job at first was to obtain direct plates of asteroids and comets for positional measurements. As an incidental part of this observing he discovered many asteroids, eight of which were eventually named, including 966 Muschi (his wife's nickname), 944 Hidalgo, with large orbital semi-major axis, eccentricity, and inclination, and 1036 Ganymed, whose orbit extends inside that of Mars. Baade also discovered a new comet, 1922 II. During the close approach of Eros in 1930 Baade measured its period of light variation, its color, and its mean magnitude. After Pluto was discovered in 1930 he measured its position assiduously, following it as far from opposition as he could. In 1931 Baade moved to Mount Wilson, where he concentrated almost entirely on globular-cluster, supernova, and galaxy research. He saw many asteroid trails on his long exposures but did not report them except for one, 7448 (still not named), which showed a very long trail on a 3-hr exposure of the Crab nebula. At Palomar, using the 48-in Schmidt soon after it went into operation, he dicovered and reported 1566 Icarus, with a very small perihelion distance, and later his second comet, 1955 VI.

  5. Transmission of hepatitis A in hamburg, germany, 1998-1999--A prospective population based study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diel, R; Schneider, S

    2001-01-01

    To study the pattern of transmission of HAV in a large urban community a prospective cohort study was conducted in Hamburg between 1 January 1998 and 31 December 1999. Four hundred and eleven patients were classified as hepatitis A cases comprising 144 foreign and 267 German persons. Univariate analyses were carried out to examine differences between socio-demographic, clinical and behavioural characteristics. To determine independent predictors for HAV infection a multiple logistic-regression model was used. The principal risk factor was travel to areas where hepatitis A is endemic, with 32.6% (n= 134/411) of all documented cases of hepatitis A. Foreign patients who had acquired the infection abroad, mostly children, accounted for the majority of these cases. Of all 411 cases, 42 (10.2%) were associated with parenteral drug, followed by day-care or school contact (8.3%; n = 34). Outbreaks contributed to 11.4% of cases (n = 47), but only 7.1% (n = 29) were household contacts. The low incidence rate among exposed persons in the households of those infected was similar in the groups of foreign and German nationals (17/384 = 4.4% and 12/231 = 5.2%, respectively), which may demonstrate a good hygienic level in general. Our findings suggest that preventive measures such as the improvement of hygienic conditions in a defined general population may contribute to a reduced incidence of hepatitis A. Nevertheless, because hygienic standards may change with time, this policy should be supplemented by targeted vaccination of groups at risk.

  6. Bright Metal-Poor Stars from the Hamburg/ESO Survey. II. A Chemodynamical Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beers, Timothy C.; Placco, Vinicius M.; Carollo, Daniela; Rossi, Silvia; Lee, Young Sun; Frebel, Anna; Norris, John E.; Dietz, Sarah; Masseron, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    We obtain estimates of stellar atmospheric parameters for a previously published sample of 1777 relatively bright (9Hamburg/ESO Survey. The original Frebel et al. analysis of these stars was able to derive estimates of [Fe/H] and [C/Fe] only for a subset of the sample, due to limitations in the methodology then available. A new spectroscopic analysis pipeline has been used to obtain estimates of {T}{eff}, {log} g, [Fe/H], and [C/Fe] for almost the entire data set. This sample is very local—about 90% of the stars are located within 0.5 kpc of the Sun. We consider the chemodynamical properties of these stars in concert with a similarly local sample of stars from a recent analysis of the Bidelman and MacConnell “weak metal” candidates by Beers et al. We use this combined sample to identify possible members of the halo stream of stars suggested by Helmi et al. and Chiba & Beers, as well as stars that may be associated with stripped debris from the putative parent dwarf of the globular cluster Omega Centauri, suggested to exist by previous authors. We identify a clear increase in the cumulative frequency of carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars with declining metallicity, as well as an increase in the fraction of CEMP stars with distance from the Galactic plane, consistent with previous results. We also identify a relatively large number of CEMP stars with kinematics consistent with the metal-weak thick-disk population, with possible implications for its origin.

  7. Monitoring the Soil Water Availability of Young Urban Trees in Hamburg, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Titel, Selina; Gröngröft, Alexander; Eschenbach, Annette

    2017-04-01

    In large cities numerous trees have to be planted each year to replace died off or cut down trees or for greening of constructed roads and newly built quarters. The typical age of planted trees is between five and fifteen years. Often the planting takes place in special planting pits to stimulate the tree growth under the restricted urban conditions. Consequently, trees are surrounded by different soil substrates: the soil from the nursery in the root ball, the special planting pit substrate and the surrounding urban soil which is often anthropogenic influenced. Being relocated in the city, trees have to cope with the warmer urban climate, the soil sealing and compaction and the low water storage capacity of the substrate. All factors together increase the probability of dry phases for roadside trees. The aim of this study is to monitor the soil water availability at sites of planted roadside trees during the first years after planting. Therefore, a measuring design was developed, which works automatically and takes the complex below ground structure of the soil into account. This approach consists of 13 soil water tension sensors inside and outside of each planting pit up to one meter depth connected to a data logger. The monitoring devices will finally be installed at 20 roadside trees (amongst others Quercus cerris, Quercus robur, Acer platanoides 'Fairview') in Hamburg, Germany, to identify phases of drought stress. The young trees were mainly planted in spring 2016. Data of the first year of measurements show, that the water tension varied between the different soil substrates and the depth. In the first year of tree growth in the city, soil in the tree root ball became significantly drier than the surrounding soil material. In late summer 2016 the water tension in the topsoil had the potential to cause drought stress below some trees.

  8. THE LANGUAGE EDUCATION POLICY IN THE REPUBLIC OF SAKHA (YAKUTIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evdokiya Pavlovna Nikiforova

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In the last years serious changes occurred in the sphere of the linguistic policy, including the linguistic education. Globalization, active migration processes impact on languages development. The education paradigm has changed. The new law «On Education in the Russian Federation» was approved. Federal state educational standards are introduced gradually. The article provides an analysis of experience for the linguistic policy introductionin the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia. Issues of the state support of the linguistic education targeted to creation of the necessary conditions for the harmonized interaction and successful language functioning are considered. Data of the monitoring conducted in the Republic have been used in the article. It is necessary to boost innovation activities of the educational process participants, improve the teachers training quality, modernize scientific and methodological support of the teaching process, renovate teaching methodological packages in line with the federal state educational standards, provide comfortable facilities for the introduction of federal state educational standards, as well as take into consideration of the best experience in the linguistic education.

  9. Formulation and evaluation on human skin of a water-in-oil emulsion containing Muscat hamburg black grape seed extract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharif, A; Akhtar, N; Khan, M S; Menaa, A; Menaa, B; Khan, B A; Menaa, F

    2015-04-01

    Vitis vinifera 'muscat hamburg' (Vitaceae) is a blue-black grape variety commonly found in Pakistan. It has been consumed and used in traditional medicine for centuries. Compared to other grapes, M. hamburg records one of the greatest amount of polyphenols and displays potent antioxidant activities, which make it a great candidate for its exploitation in the development of stable cream emulsions destined to improve the skin appearance. Evaluate the effects of stable water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion containing 2% M. hamburg grape seed extract ('formulation') on human cheek skin in comparison with the placebo ('base'). An occlusive patch test, containing either the formulation or the base, was topically tested for 8 weeks during a winter period in young adult and healthy Pakistani male volunteers. The subjects were instructed to use twice a day the base and the formulation on their right and left cheek skin, respectively. Non-invasive measurements on these skin areas were carried out every week to assess any effects produced on melanin, elasticity and sebum. Skin compatibility assay (Burchard test) was used to report any potential skin reactivity. ANOVA, paired sample t-test and LSD test were applied to determine the statistical data significance. Significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) were found between the placebo and the formulation in terms of their respective skin effects elicited on melanin, elasticity and sebum content. Nevertheless, placebo and formulation exerted similar effects on skin erythema and moisture contents. Importantly, no skin hypersensitivity cases were reported during the whole course of the study. The developed grape-based cream could be efficiently and safely applied to improve a number of skin conditions (e.g. hyper-pigmentation, premature ageing, acne). © 2014 Society of Cosmetic Scientists and the Société Française de Cosmétologie.

  10. An updated list of type material of Ephemeroptera Hyatt & Arms, 1890, deposited at the Zoological Museum of Hamburg (ZMH).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sartori, Michel; Kubiak, Martin; Rajaei, Hossein

    2016-01-01

    The type specimens of Ephemeroptera (Insecta) housed at the Zoological Museum of Hamburg (ZMH) are compiled in this document. The current nomenclature of all species is given. In total, Ephemeroptera type material of ZMH encompasses 161 species. Fifty-one holotypes and five lectotypes are present. Forty-one species are represented by syntypes, 85 by paratypes and five by paralectotypes. Material of two species (Cinygma asiaticum Ulmer, 1924 and Pseudocloeon klapaleki Müller-Liebenau, 1982) is missing. The present catalogue is an updated version of Weidner (1964a).

  11. Situation Reports--Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Kenya, Lebanese Republic, Malagasy Republic, Malaysia (West), People's Democratic Republic of Yemen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in eight foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Kenya, Lebanese Republic, Malagasy Republic (Madagascar), Malaysia (West), and People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. Information is provided under two topics, general background and…

  12. Central African Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-11-01

    The Central African Republic contains 242,000 square miles, which rolling terrain almost 2000 feet above sea level. The climate is tropical, and it has a population of 2.8 million people with a 2.5% growth rate. There are more than 80 ethnic groups including Baya 34%, Banda 28%, Sara 10%, Mandja 9%, Mboum 9%, and M'Baka 7%. The religions are traditional African 35%, protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, and Muslim 15%, and the languages are French and Sangho. The infant mortality rate is 143/1000, with expectancy at 49 years and a 40% literacy rate. The work force of 1 million is 70% agricultural, industry 6% and commerce and service 6% and government 3%. The government consists of a president assisted by cabinet ministers and a single party. Natural resources include diamonds, uranium, timber, gold, and oil, and major industries are beverages, textiles, and soap. Agricultural products feature coffee, cotton, peanuts, tobacco, food crops and livestock. Most of the population live in rural areas and most of the 80 ethnic groups have their own language. This is one of the world's least developed countries, with a per capita income of $375/year. The main problems with development are the poor transportation infrastructure, and the weak internal and international marketing systems. The US and various international organizations have aided in agriculture development, health programs, and family planning. US investment is mainly in diamond and gold mining, and although oil drilling has been successful it is not economically feasible at current prices.

  13. [The Hamburg-model of integrated care for patients with psychosis: Part 1. Rationale, treatment concept and results of the pre-study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Martin; Bock, Thomas; Daubmann, Anne; Meigel-Schleiff, Christina; Lange, Benjamin; Lange, Matthias; Ohm, Gunda; Bussopulos, Alexandra; Frieling, Marietta; Golks, Dietmar; Kerstan, Andrea; König, Hans-Helmut; Nika, Lia; Ruppelt, Friederike; Schödlbauer, Michael; Schöttle, Daniel; Sauerbier, Anne-Lena; Rietschel, Liz; Wegscheider, Karl; Wiedemann, Klaus; Schimmelmann, Benno G; Naber, Dieter; Karow, Anne

    2014-07-01

    The "Hamburg model" designates an integrated care model for severely ill patients with psychotic disorders financed by the health insurance system in accordance with § 140 SGB V. It comprises comprehensive and long-term treatment within a regional network of the psychosis center of the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE) and private psychiatrists. The treatment model consists of therapeutic assertive community treatment (ACT) provided by a highly specialized treatment team and need-adapted in- and outpatient care. The present article summarizes the disease- and treatment-specific rationales for the model development as well as the model structure and treatment contents. The article further summarizes the effectiveness and efficiency results of a study comparing the Hamburg model and treatment as usual (without ACT) within a 12-month follow-up study (ACCESS trial). © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  14. 76 FR 60803 - Fourth Administrative Review of Certain Activated Carbon From the People's Republic of China...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Fourth Administrative Review of Certain Activated Carbon From the People's... notice of initiation of an administrative review of certain activated carbon from the People's Republic...

  15. 75 FR 2858 - Negotiation of a Reciprocal Defense Procurement Memorandum of Understanding With the Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Negotiation of a Reciprocal Defense Procurement Memorandum of Understanding With the Czech Republic AGENCY: Department of Defense (DoD). ACTION: Request for public comments. SUMMARY: DoD is contemplating a Reciprocal...

  16. 76 FR 75893 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-05

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Dominican Republic- Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection... paperwork and respondent burden, CBP invites the general public and other Federal agencies to comment on an...

  17. 77 FR 46717 - Drawn Stainless Steel Sinks From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary Affirmative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-06

    ... International Trade Administration Drawn Stainless Steel Sinks From the People's Republic of China: Preliminary... determines that countervailable subsidies are being provided to producers and exporters of drawn stainless... of the notice of initiation in the Federal Register.\\1\\ \\1\\ See Drawn Stainless Steel Sinks from the...

  18. 77 FR 27437 - Drawn Stainless Steel Sinks From the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Drawn Stainless Steel Sinks From the People's Republic of China: Postponement..., the preliminary determination is due no later than May 25, 2012. Postponement of Due Date for...

  19. 75 FR 17902 - Drill Pipe from the People's Republic of China: Notice of Postponement of Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Drill Pipe from the People's Republic of China: Notice of Postponement of... 1117 of the Central Records Unit (CRU) of the main Commerce Building. ] Postponement of Due Date for...

  20. 77 FR 4279 - Large Residential Washers From the Republic of Korea: Initiation of Countervailing Duty...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE... or Dana Mermelstein, AD/ CVD Operations, Office 6, Import Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce... Countervailing Duty Investigation Initiation Checklist: Large Residential Washers from the Republic of Korea...

  1. The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Raamat sisaldab ka: The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia amendment act ; The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia implementation act ; Act to amend the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia for election of local government councils for term of four years

  2. The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Sisaldab ka: The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia Amendment Act. The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia Implementation Act. Act to Amend the Constitution of the Republic of Estonia for Election of Local Government Councils for Term of Four Years

  3. [Comparability of studies of epidemiological research on aging : Results from the Longitudinal Urban Cohort Ageing Study (LUCAS) and three representative Hamburg cross-sectional studies of healthy aging].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dapp, Ulrike; Dirksen-Fischer, Martin; Rieger-Ndakorerwa, Gudrun; Fertmann, Regina; Stender, Klaus-Peter; Golgert, Stefan; von Renteln-Kruse, Wolfgang; Minder, Christoph E

    2016-05-01

    Participants of the Longitudinal Urban Cohort Ageing Study (LUCAS) were recruited from patients 60 years and older from general practitioner's offices in Hamburg. This is different from the usual methods of drawing representative samples. The research question addressed the comparability of LUCAS results with those from cross-sectional surveys with participants randomly chosen from a population list. Therefore, the LUCAS data collected in four waves during the first 12 years were compared with data (age, gender) from the Hamburg Statistics Office (HSO), and selected characteristics (socio-demography, health, mobility) from three representative cross-sectional surveys in older Hamburg citizens. First, HSO data compiled in population pyramids for older men and women were compared with equivalent pyramids based on the LUCAS data at recruitment (2000/01) and in waves 2 to 4. Second, characteristics worded identically in the cross-sectional surveys and the simultaneous LUCAS waves were compared. The LUCAS population pyramids were in good accordance at all time points with those of the general older population in Hamburg (except ages 60-64 in men in 2000). Good comparability was also found for health related characteristics from the three representative studies and simultaneous LUCAS waves (e. g. need of nursing care in 2012: LUCAS 7.1 %; Hamburg 7.4 %). Information on health in old age generated periodically in the LUCAS cohort was largely comparable with that from representative cross-sectional studies and statistics registries. Older people are frequently under-represented in epidemiological studies. Therefore, the LUCAS data may provide useful information for Hamburg and similar metropolitan areas in Germany.

  4. Water pollution abatement programme. The Czech Republic. Project 4.2. Assessing critical loads of acidity to surface waters in The Czech Republic. Critical loads of acidity to surface waters, Northern Moravia and Silesia, The Czech Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lien, L.; Raclavsky, K.; Henriksen, A.; Raclavska, H.; Matysek, D.

    1994-12-31

    The governments of Norway and Czech and Slovak Federal Republic have signed a bilateral environmental protection agreement. This report describes Project 4.2 of the agreement: Assessing critical loads of acidity to surface waters in The Czech Republic. Critical load of acidity to surface waters and exceedance of critical load were estimated by using standard methods modified for the sampling area. Water samples were mainly taken from small forest streams, which were the only available surface waters with negligible pollution from local sources. High critical loads were calculated, averaging 20 times higher than the corresponding value for southern Norway. The deposition of acidifying components in the region was high, but did not exceed the critical load and so there is a reserve for additional acid deposition. Scattered water analyses from several other parts of The Czech Republic indicate both low critical loads and exceedance of critical load in various regions (e.g. Bohemia). 21 refs., 14 figs., 3 tabs.

  5. Unidentified atmospheric absorption structure observed by DOAS near Hamburg harbour, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, Stefan; Weigelt, Andreas; Mathieu-Üffing, Barbara; Seyler, André; Wittrock, Folkard; Lampel, Johannes; Pöhler, Denis; Platt, Ulrich

    2017-04-01

    Within a six week campaign in July and August 2016, Long Path (LP)-DOAS measurements were performed near the harbour of Hamburg to monitor ship emissions of NO2 and SO2. LP-DOAS instruments retrieve information about the composition of ambient air using active spectroscopy. Therefore, an absorption light path was set up between the northern and the southern riverside of the river Elbe with a total length of ca. 5.7 km. The light of a laser driven Xenon arc lamp was sent to a retro reflector mounted on a light house on the opposite riverside. By comparing the spectrum of the Xenon lamp before and after being sent through the atmosphere, spectral absorption structures of several molecules can be identified and their mixing ratios can be quantified. Besides the well-known trace gas species such as NO2, SO2, O3 and HCHO, a so far unidentified, strong absorption structure could be observed regularly throughout the measurement period. The structure is similar to other known absorption structures in the UV-vis range and can be most likely associated with a molecular absorption cross section. The absorber features a progression of absorption bands in the range of 280 nm to 330 nm with an average band distance of 3 nm to 4 nm. These bands were observed with optical densities of up to 2 per cent along the absorption path. The absorber predominantly occurs during daylight indicating that photolytic processes are most likely to play an important role. Further, direct emission from ships could be excluded by the comparison with NO2 peaks, which serve as a proxy for ship plumes. The respective LP-DOAS instrument was deployed at multiple other measurement sites at the past including rural, urban and remote areas. However, the discussed absorption structure has never been detected before and instrumental errors can be excluded. Currently, MAX-DOAS measurements performed at the same site are evaluated. We will present the spectral features of the putative absorber as well as an

  6. Protracted outbreak of S. Enteritidis PT 21c in a large Hamburg nursing home

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Christina; Buchholz, Udo; Maaß, Monika; Schröder, Arthur; Bracht, Karl-Hans; Domke, Paul-Gerhard; Rabsch, Wolfgang; Fell, Gerhard

    2007-01-01

    Background During August 2006, a protracted outbreak of Salmonella (S.) Enteritidis infections in a large Hamburg nursing home was investigated. Methods A site visit of the home was conducted and food suppliers' premises tested for Salmonella. Among nursing home residents a cohort study was carried out focusing on foods consumed in the three days before the first part of the outbreak. Instead of relying on residents' memory, data from the home's patient food ordering system was used as exposure data. S. Enteritidis isolates from patients and suspected food vehicles were phage typed and compared. Results Within a population of 822 nursing home residents, 94 case patients among residents (1 fatality) and 17 among staff members were counted 6 through 29 August. The outbreak peaked 7 through 9 August, two days after a spell of very warm summer weather. S. Enteritidis was consistently recovered from patients' stools throughout the outbreak. Among the food items served during 5 through 7 August, the cohort study pointed to afternoon cake on all three days as potential risk factors for disease. Investigation of the bakery supplying the cake yielded S. Enteritidis from cakes sampled 31 August. Comparison of the isolates by phage typing demonstrated both isolates from patients and the cake to be the exceedingly rare phage type 21c. Conclusion Cake (various types served on various days) contaminated with S. Enteritidis were the likely vehicle of the outbreak in the nursing home. While the cakes were probably contaminated with low pathogen dose throughout the outbreak period, high ambient summer temperatures and failure to keep the cake refrigerated led to high pathogen dose in cake on some days and in some of the housing units. This would explain the initial peak of cases, but also the drawn out nature of the outbreak with cases until the end of August. Suggestions are made to nursing homes, aiding in outbreak prevention. Early outbreak detection is crucial, such that

  7. Urban air temperature anomalies and their relation to soil moisture observed in the city of Hamburg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Wiesner

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The spatial variability of the urban air temperature for the city of Hamburg is analyzed based upon a one-year dataset of meteorological and pedological measurements. As local air temperature anomalies are subject to land-use and surface cover, they are monitored by a network of measurement stations within three different urban structures. Mean annual temperature deviations are found to be +1.0K$+1.0\\,\\text{K}$ for inner city sites and +0.25K$+0.25\\,\\text{K}$ to -0.2K$-0.2\\,\\text{K}$ for suburban sites compared to a rural reference. The nocturnal urban heat island (UHI is identified and averages +1.7K$+1.7\\,\\text{K}$ at the inner city stations, +0.7K$+0.7\\,\\text{K}$ at a suburban district housing area and +0.3K$+0.3\\,\\text{K}$ at a nearby green space. The observed UHI effect is most prominent when the wind speed is low (≤2ms-1$\\leq2\\,\\text{ms}^{-1}$ and the sky is only partly cloudy (≤6∕8th$\\leq6/8^{\\text{th}}$. In spring 2011 an average inner city UHI of up to +5.2K$+5.2\\,\\text{K}$ is observed during situations matching these conditions, while the extraordinary dry fall of 2011 lead to remarkably high air temperature differences at all observed stations. As expected, no evidence for a significant impact of topsoil moisture on nighttime UHI effect is found. The analysis of air temperature anomalies during daytime results in an annual mean deviation of -0.5K$-0.5\\,\\text{K}$ above unsealed, vegetated surfaces from a sealed site during days with a turbulent mixing induced by wind speed >2ms-1$>2\\,\\text{ms}^{-1}$. Here, there is an indication for a relation between the water content of upper soil layers and the warming of air: 11 to 17 % of the variance of the diurnal air temperature span is found to be explained by the soil water content for selected relevant days.

  8. The role of forensic medicine and forensic dentistry in estimating the chronological age of living individuals in Hamburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansour, Hussam; Fuhrmann, Andreas; Paradowski, Ioana; van Well, Eilin Jopp; Püschel, Klaus

    2017-03-01

    Age estimation represents one of the primary responsibilities of forensic medicine and forensic dentistry. It is an integral procedure aiming to estimate the chronological age of an individual, whose age is either unknown or doubtful, by means of assessing the stage of dental, skeletal, and physical development. The present publication reviews the methods and procedures used in estimating the age of young living individuals as well as the experiences of the Institute of Legal Medicine in Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany, during the last 25 years. From 1990 to 2015, 4223 age estimations were carried out in Hamburg. During this time, forensic age estimation was requested by different concerned authorities including courts, the foreigners' registration office (Zentrale Ausländerbehörde), and the state office of education and consultation (Landesbetrieb Erziehung und Beratung). In the context of judicial proceedings, orthopantomograms, as well as X-ray examinations of both the left hand and the medial clavicular epiphyses were carried out in accordance with AGFAD recommendations. For investigations not associated with judicial proceedings, orthopantomogram examinations play a key role in the process of age estimation, due to their high diagnostic value and low radiation exposure. Since 2009, mainly unaccompanied young refugees were examined for age estimation. Orthopantomograms and clinical-physical examinations have been used as essential steps in this context to determine whether an individual is 18 years or less. Additional X-ray examinations of the left hand and the medial clavicular epiphyses have been used less frequently.

  9. Effect of the addition of chia's by-product on the composition of fatty acids in hamburgers through chemometric methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, Aloisio H P; Gohara, Aline K; Rotta, Eliza M; Chaves, Marcia A; Silva, Claudia M; Dias, Lucia F; Gomes, Sandra T M; Souza, Nilson E; Matsushita, Makoto

    2015-03-30

    Hamburger is a meat-based food that is easy to prepare and is widely consumed. It can be enriched using different ingredients, such as chia's by-product, which is rich in omega-3. Chemometrics is a very interesting tool to assess the influence of ingredients in the composition of foods. A complete factorial design 2(2) (two factors in two levels) with duplicate was performed to investigate the influence of the factors (1) concentration of textured soy proteins (TSP) and (2) concentration of chia flour partially defatted (CFPD) as a partial replacement for the bovine meat and porcine fat mix in hamburgers. The results of proximal composition, lipid oxidation, fatty acids sums, ratios, and nutritional indexes were used to propose statistical models. The factors TSP and CFPD were significant, and the increased values contributed to improve the composition in fatty acids, crude protein, and ash. Principal components analysis distinguished the samples with a higher content of chia. In desirability analysis, the highest level of TSP and CFPD was described as the optimal region, and it was not necessary to make another experimental point. The addition of chia's by-product is an alternative to increase the α-linolenic contents and to obtain nutritionally balanced food. © 2014 Society of Chemical Industry.

  10. "History had taken such a large piece out of my life" - Neuroscientist refugees from Hamburg during National Socialism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeidman, Lawrence A; von Villiez, Anna; Stellmann, Jan-Patrick; van den Bussche, Hendrik

    2016-01-01

    Approximately 9,000 physicians were uprooted for so-called "racial" or "political" reasons by the Nazi regime and 6,000 fled Germany. These refugees are often seen as survivors who contributed to a "brain drain" from Germany. About 432 doctors (all specialties, private and academic) were dismissed from the major German city of Hamburg. Of these, 16 were Hamburg University faculty members dismissed from their government-supported positions for "racial" reasons, and, of these, five were neuroscientists. In a critical analysis, not comprehensively done previously, we will demonstrate that the brain drain did not equal a "brain gain." The annihilation of these five neuroscientists' careers under different but similar auspices, their shameful harassment and incarceration, financial expropriation by Nazi ransom techniques, forced migration, and roadblocks once reaching destination countries stalled and set back any hopes of research and quickly continuing once-promising careers. A major continuing challenge is finding ways to repair an open wound and obvious vacuum in the German neuroscience community created by the largely collective persecution of colleagues 80 years ago.

  11. Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and co-infections with Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Rickettsia spp. in Ixodes ricinus in Hamburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, K; Jordan, D; Fingerle, V; Strube, C

    2015-12-01

    To obtain initial data on Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Spirochaetales: Spirochaetaceae) in Ixodes ricinus (Ixodida: Ixodidae) ticks in Hamburg, Germany, 1400 questing ticks were collected by flagging at 10 different public recreation areas in 2011 and analysed using probe-based quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The overall rate of infection with B. burgdorferi s.l. was 34.1%; 30.0% of adults were infected (36.7% of females and 26.0% of males), as were 34.5% of nymphs. Significant differences in tick infection rates were observed between the spring and summer/autumn months, as well as among sampling locations. Borrelia genospecies identification by reverse line blotting was successful in 43.6% of positive tick samples. The most frequent genospecies was Borrelia garinii/Borrelia bavariensis, followed by Borrelia afzelii, Borrelia valaisiana, B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, Borrelia spielmanii, Borrelia bissettii and Borrelia lusitaniae. Based on previously published data, co-infection of Borrelia and Rickettsiales spp. was determined in 25.8% of ticks. Overall, 22.9% of ticks were co-infected with Rickettsia spp. (Rickettsiales: Rickettsiaceae), 1.7% with Anaplasma phagocytophilum (Rickettsiales: Anaplasmataceae), and 1.2% with both pathogens. Study results show a high prevalence of Borrelia-positive ticks in recreation areas in the northern German city of Hamburg and the potential health risk to humans in these areas should not be underestimated. © 2015 The Royal Entomological Society.

  12. Semen quality in sub-fertile range for a significant proportion of young men from the general German population: a co-ordinated, controlled study of 791 men from Hamburg and Leipzig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paasch, U.; Salzbrunn, A.; Glander, H.J.

    2008-01-01

    of a general trend in Europe. We therefore carried out a prospective study of semen quality of young men raised in the former East Germany (Leipzig) and West Germany (Hamburg). To enable inter-regional comparisons, we utilized a common European research protocol previously used in studies in the Nordic......-Baltic region. Three hundred and thirty-four young men representative of the general population from Hamburg, and 457 from Leipzig delivered semen samples, underwent physical examinations and provided information on life-style and reproductive health parameters. The study period in Hamburg was February 2003......--July 2004, and in Leipzig July 2003--April 2005. No significant differences were observed in sperm concentration (median 46, 42, and 44 million/mL for men from Hamburg, Leipzig and the combined Hamburg-Leipzig group respectively) or total sperm count (154,141 and 149 million), whereas the differences...

  13. Modelling the urban air quality in Hamburg with the new city-scale chemistry transport model CityChem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karl, Matthias; Ramacher, Martin; Aulinger, Armin; Matthias, Volker; Quante, Markus

    2017-04-01

    Air quality modelling plays an important role by providing guidelines for efficient air pollution abatement measures. Currently, most urban dispersion models treat air pollutants as passive tracer substances or use highly simplified chemistry when simulating air pollutant concentrations on the city-scale. The newly developed urban chemistry-transport model CityChem has the capability of modelling the photochemical transformation of multiple pollutants along with atmospheric diffusion to produce pollutant concentration fields for the entire city on a horizontal resolution of 100 m or even finer and a vertical resolution of 24 layers up to 4000 m height. CityChem is based on the Eulerian urban dispersion model EPISODE of the Norwegian Institute for Air Research (NILU). CityChem treats the complex photochemistry in cities using detailed EMEP chemistry on an Eulerian 3-D grid, while using simple photo-stationary equilibrium on a much higher resolution grid (receptor grid), i.e. close to industrial point sources and traffic sources. The CityChem model takes into account that long-range transport contributes to urban pollutant concentrations. This is done by using 3-D boundary concentrations for the city domain derived from chemistry-transport simulations with the regional air quality model CMAQ. For the study of the air quality in Hamburg, CityChem was set-up with a main grid of 30×30 grid cells of 1×1 km2 each and a receptor grid of 300×300 grid cells of 100×100 m2. The CityChem model was driven with meteorological data generated by the prognostic meteorology component of the Australian chemistry-transport model TAPM. Bottom-up inventories of emissions from traffic, industry, households were based on data of the municipality of Hamburg. Shipping emissions for the port of Hamburg were taken from the Clean North Sea Shipping project. Episodes with elevated ozone (O3) were of specific interest for this study, as these are associated with exceedances of the World

  14. MEDICO-DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION IN THE REPUBLICS OF CHECHNYA AND INGUSHETIA IN 2005-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. M. Evloeva

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Political and socio-economical destabilization, military conflicts, lack of infrastructure and massive migratory movements formed a current medico-demographic situation in the Republics of Chechnya and Ingushetia: the fertility and birth rates here are very high and exceeds twice the same figures all over the Russian Federation. At the same time the infant mortality and feto-infantile losses rates are also very high. The high fertility leads to overpopulation, low per capita income, worsening of somatic and reproductive women’s and children’s health and consistent increase of reproductive losses. The aging of fertility (in the Republic of Ingushetia and the low level of education (which is typical of the Republic of Chechnya due to the “children of war” achievement of childbearing age and inobservance of optimal intergenetic interval contribute to the aforesaid phenomena. The analysis of pregnant women, women in labour and newborn children state of health shows that according to many characteristics it is worse than at the average in Russia. Feto-infantile losses in the Republics of Chechnya and Ingushetia are more than twice as high as in all over the Russian Federation. One of the most important conditions for the improvement of child-bearing age women and their children is increase of the efficacy of obstetrics and pediatric services in both Republics and family planning.

  15. Fiscal Federalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Mosteanu

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The central budget of a country collects only a fraction of the total fiscal revenues and executes only o fraction of the national public expenditures, the rest of the revenues and expenditures becoming the responsability of subnational governments. The economist Charles Tiebout developed a theoretical model which although makes an imperfect description of the reality, shows that people’s mobility is being influenced by tax rates and the amount of state/local expenditures. Thus, he suggests that the degree of responsibility that can be appointed to the local budgets should subscribe to the tax – benefits ratio, the extend of the positive externalities and the scale economies of public goods. Also, the issue of revenues distribution among communities is being raised, being identified three kinds of grants used by the public authorities: matching grants, block grants and conditional block grants. In the concept of fiscal federalism there can be found a limited analogy between national public finance theory and international public finance theory, with the international taxation as the pivotal element.

  16. Returning HEU Fuel from the Czech Republic to Russia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michael Tyacke; Dr. Igor Bolshinsky

    2010-09-01

    In December 1999, representatives from the United States, Russian Federation, and International Atomic Energy Agency began working on a program to return Russian supplied, highly enriched, uranium fuel stored at foreign research reactors to Russia. Now, under the Global Threat Reduction Initiative’s Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program, this effort has repatriated over 800 kg of highly enriched uranium to Russia from over 10 countries. In May 2004, the “Agreement Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation Concerning Cooperation for the Transfer of Russian Produced Research Reactor Nuclear Fuel to the Russian Federation” was signed. This agreement provides legal authority for the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program and establishes parameters whereby eligible countries may return highly enriched uranium spent and fresh fuel assemblies and other fissile materials to Russia. On December 8, 2007, one of the largest shipments of highly enriched uranium spent nuclear fuel was successfully made from a Russian-designed nuclear research reactor in the Czech Republic to the Russian Federation. This accomplishment is the culmination of years of planning, negotiations, and hard work. The United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency have been working together. In February 2003, Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program representatives met with the Nuclear Research Institute in Rež, Czech Republic, and discussed the return of their highly enriched uranium spent nuclear fuel to the Russian Federation for reprocessing. Nearly 5 years later, the shipment was made. This article discusses the planning, preparations, coordination, and cooperation required to make this important international shipment.

  17. A Comparison of the Motor Ability of 8 and 9 Year Old Primary School Children in Hamburg, Melbourne and Cape Town--An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kretschmer, Jurgen; Saunders, John; Bressan, Liz; Erhorn, Jan; Wirszing, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    An increasing worldwide concern about a decline in the quality of the motor ability of children was the motivation for this exploratory comparative study. It involves a comparison of the motor ability of children aged 8 and 9 years from Hamburg (n = 774), Melbourne (n = 141) and Cape Town (n = 81). Since each of these global cities represents a…

  18. Evaluation of the Hamburg Rut Tester and Moisture Induced Stress Test (MIST) for field control of hot mix asphalt (HMA) in Oklahoma : final report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    This report covers the evaluation of the Hamburg Loaded Wheel Rut Tester (OHD L-55) and the : Moisture Induced Stress Tester (MIST) for field control of Oklahoma HMA mixtures. OHD L-55 : was evaluated as a possible replacement for AASHTO T 283 and fo...

  19. Circulation and Internationalisation of Pedagogical Concepts and Practices in the Discourse of Education: The Hamburg School Reform Experiment (1919-1933)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayer, Christine

    2014-01-01

    In the context of the international exchange of school reform ideas and concepts, the new schools in Hamburg were recognised as exemplary instances of a revolutionary and forceful reform in the public elementary school systems. Based on studies of transfer and their premise that the transnational transfer of ideas, practices and objects does not…

  20. The "Hamburger Connection" as Ecologically Unequal Exchange: A Cross-National Investigation of Beef Exports and Deforestation in Less-Developed Countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, Kelly

    2010-01-01

    This study explores Norman Myers's concept of the "hamburger connection" as a form of ecologically unequal exchange, where more-developed nations are able to transfer the environmental costs of beef consumption to less-developed nations. I used ordinary least squares (OLS) regression to test whether deforestation in less-developed…

  1. Prevalence of Rickettsiales (Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Rickettsia spp.) in hard ticks (Ixodes ricinus) in the city of Hamburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Kathrin; Strube, Christina

    2014-06-01

    To narrow the gap of missing knowledge on Rickettsia spp. and Anaplasma phagocytophilum infections in ticks in northwestern Germany and, at the same time, to provide first prevalence data on these pathogens in the city of Hamburg, a total of 1,400 questing Ixodes ricinus ticks were collected at ten different public green areas from April until October 2011. Ticks were examined using probe-based quantitative real-time PCR. A percentage of 3.6% (51/1,400) ticks were tested positive for A. phagocytophilum infections divided into 2.1% (3/141) adults [1.7% (1/60) females and 2.5% (2/81) males] and 3.8% (48/1,259) nymphs. The percentage of infected ticks per sampling site varied statistically significantly from 0.7% (1/140) to 12.1% (17/140), whereas between sampling months, no statistically significant differences were observed (2.0-6.5%, 4-13/140). The overall Rickettsia spp. infection rate was 52.5% (735/1,400). In adult ticks, Rickettsia spp. infection rate was 56% (79/141) divided into 61.7% (37/60) infected females and 51.9% (42/81) infected males. Nymphs showed an infection rate of 52.1% (656/1,259). In contrast to A. phagocytophilum infections, no statistically significant differences in Rickettsia spp. infection rates among sampling sites (44.3-63.6%, 62-89/140) were observed, whereas seasonal variations were obvious: the percentage of Rickettsia-positive ticks was significantly lower in April (36.5%, 73/200) and May (29.5%, 59/200) compared to the summer and fall months (55.0-64.5%, 110-129/200). Rickettsia species differentiation via real-time pyrosequencing revealed Rickettsia helvetica as the only occurring species. Co-infections with both Rickettsia spp. and A. phagocytophilum were detected in 2.0% (28/1,400) of the ticks. The present study revealed that in the city of Hamburg, the tick infection rate with A. phagocytophilum is comparable with other German data, whereas the Rickettsia spp. infection rate of 52.5% is by far the highest prevalence detected in

  2. Modeling inflation uncertainty in transition economies: The case of Russia and the former Soviet Republics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkam Serkan

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the linkage between inflation and inflation uncertainty in seven transitional economies (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Russian Federation and the Ukraine which experienced hyper-inflation until the mid-1990s. This linkage is investigated in the ARCH modeling framework by using both conventional Granger noncausality testing and the Holmes-Hutton approach, which has significant small- and large-sample power advantages over the former. The results support the Friedman- Ball hypothesis in Azerbaijan, the Russian Federation and the Ukraine. The Cukierman-Meltzer hypothesis is favored in the Kyrgyz Republic and in the Russian Federation using a different model. In Azerbaijan, greater inflation uncertainty preceded lower rates of inflation, indicative of the strong monetary stabilization policies pursued in this economy.

  3. A new era in science at Washington University, St. Louis: Viktor Hamburger's zoology department in the 1940's.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carson, H L

    2001-04-01

    In the early 1940s, the administration of the College of Arts and Sciences at Washington University, St. Louis was firmly in the hands of classical scholars who were not inclined to promote the development of modern research on scientific subjects. Funds supporting research in biology favored the School of Medicine and the Missouri Botanical Garden. Viktor Hamburger arrived at Washington University in 1935. At about the time he became the Acting Chairman of Zoology in 1942, research work in the biological departments began a dramatic surge that has continued to this day. For 65 years under his counsel and leadership, basic biology has thrived at this fine institution. As an early faculty recruit, I recount here a few personal recollections from those formative years.

  4. John Lennon, autograph hound: The fan-musician community in Hamburg's early rock-and-roll scene, 1960–65

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Sneeringer

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the Beat music scene in Hamburg, West Germany, in the early 1960s. This scene became famous for its role in incubating the Beatles, who played over 250 nights there in 1960–62, but this article focuses on the prominent role of fans in this scene. Here fans were welcomed by bands and club owners as cocreators of a scene that offered respite from the prevailing conformism of West Germany during the Economic Miracle. This scene, born at the confluence of commercial and subcultural impulses, was also instrumental in transforming rock and roll from a working-class niche product to a cross-class lingua franca for youth. It was also a key element in West Germany's broader processes of democratization during the 1960s, opening up social space in which the meanings of authority, respectability, and democracy itself could be questioned and reworked.

  5. The preference and actual use of different types of rural recreation areas by urban dwellers--the Hamburg case study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiemen Boll

    Full Text Available In the wake of urbanisation processes and the constitution of metropolitan regions, the role of the city's rural surroundings is receiving more attention from researchers and planners as rural areas offer various (cultural ecosystem services for the urban population. Urban dwellers increasingly desire recreation and landscape experience. Although this need for recreation is generally recognized, few studies have focused on the question of people's preferences for certain types and characteristics of outdoor recreation areas in relation to the frequency of use. In order to acquire baseline data on this subject, the main objectives of this study were to explore recreation preferences of urban dwellers and the relation between actual use and perceived value of recreation areas in a case study in the Hamburg Metropolitan Region (Germany. In a social survey, Hamburg residents (n = 400 were asked about their preferences and use of four important regional recreation areas with different landscape characteristics in face-to-face interviews in different locations in the city. We found that both outdoor recreation within and outside of the city were fairly or very important for more than 70% of the questioned urban dwellers. Interestingly, the preference for a recreation area outside of the city did not depend on the frequency of use, which indicates that certain recreation areas had a symbolic value besides their use value. When people were questioned on the characteristics of recreation areas, perceived naturalness was found to be strongly related to preference. Respondents considered the diversity, uniqueness, and naturalness of the landscape to be far more important than the accessibility of the recreation areas and the provision of service facilities.

  6. The preference and actual use of different types of rural recreation areas by urban dwellers--the Hamburg case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boll, Thiemen; von Haaren, Christina; von Ruschkowski, Eick

    2014-01-01

    In the wake of urbanisation processes and the constitution of metropolitan regions, the role of the city's rural surroundings is receiving more attention from researchers and planners as rural areas offer various (cultural) ecosystem services for the urban population. Urban dwellers increasingly desire recreation and landscape experience. Although this need for recreation is generally recognized, few studies have focused on the question of people's preferences for certain types and characteristics of outdoor recreation areas in relation to the frequency of use. In order to acquire baseline data on this subject, the main objectives of this study were to explore recreation preferences of urban dwellers and the relation between actual use and perceived value of recreation areas in a case study in the Hamburg Metropolitan Region (Germany). In a social survey, Hamburg residents (n = 400) were asked about their preferences and use of four important regional recreation areas with different landscape characteristics in face-to-face interviews in different locations in the city. We found that both outdoor recreation within and outside of the city were fairly or very important for more than 70% of the questioned urban dwellers. Interestingly, the preference for a recreation area outside of the city did not depend on the frequency of use, which indicates that certain recreation areas had a symbolic value besides their use value. When people were questioned on the characteristics of recreation areas, perceived naturalness was found to be strongly related to preference. Respondents considered the diversity, uniqueness, and naturalness of the landscape to be far more important than the accessibility of the recreation areas and the provision of service facilities.

  7. 78 FR 74115 - Monosodium Glutamate From the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Indonesia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-10

    ... International Trade Administration Monosodium Glutamate From the People's Republic of China and the Republic of... investigations of monosodium glutamate from Indonesia and the PRC.\\1\\ Currently, the preliminary determinations are due no later than December 27, 2013. \\1\\ See Monosodium Glutamate from the People's Republic of...

  8. (Re)discutir el federalismo fiscal como instrumento de desarrollo social en la República Argentina /(Re)discuss the fiscal federalism as a tool of social development in Argentian Republic/(Re)discutir o federalismo fiscal como instrumento de desenvolvimento social na República Argentina

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Luciano Carlos Rezzoagli; Martín Cammarata

    2017-01-01

    ... a priority in the State's agenda. Fiscal Federalism as a phenomenon and instrument for social development must attend to the equalization of opportunities as a central objective, according to which it will be possible to rethink the...

  9. EXCISE TAX AS A INSTRUMENT OF STATE REGULATION OF THE ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES MARKET (CASE OF THE REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga Ilushina

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the features of levying excise of wine production in the Republic of Crimea following its annexation by the Russian Federation and the possible prospects of development of the market of alcoholic production in the region under the influence of state regulation mechanisms.

  10. 76 FR 21332 - Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea...'') published a notice of initiation of the administrative review of the antidumping duty order on corrosion...

  11. 76 FR 17381 - Certain Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Notice of Final Results of the Sixteenth Administrative Review Correction In notice document 2011...

  12. 75 FR 25841 - Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea...'') published a notice of initiation of the administrative review of the antidumping duty order on corrosion...

  13. 77 FR 25405 - Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Corrosion-Resistant Carbon Steel Flat Products From the Republic of Korea...'') published a notice of initiation of the administrative review of the antidumping duty order on corrosion...

  14. 77 FR 10476 - Certain New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires From the People's Republic of China: Notice of Second...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain New Pneumatic Off-the-Road Tires From the People's Republic of China: Notice of Second Extension of Time Limit for the Final Results of the 2009-2010 Administrative Review of the Antidumping Duty Order AGENCY:...

  15. 78 FR 75332 - Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel From the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel From the People's Republic of China: Postponement of Preliminary Determination in the Countervailing Duty Investigation AGENCY: Enforcement and Compliance, formerly Import Administration,...

  16. 75 FR 9869 - Silicon Metal From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit for the Preliminary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Silicon Metal From the People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit... initiation of an administrative review of the antidumping duty order on silicon metal from the People's...

  17. 76 FR 40689 - Certain Circular Welded Non-Alloy Steel Pipe From the Republic of Korea: Extension of Time Limit...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Certain Circular Welded Non-Alloy Steel Pipe From the Republic of Korea... administrative review of the antidumping duty order on certain circular welded non- alloy steel pipe (``circular...

  18. 77 FR 40853 - Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the People's Republic of China: Partial Rescission of Antidumping...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Steel Wire Garment Hangers From the People's Republic of China: Partial Rescission of Antidumping Duty Administrative Review AGENCY: Import Administration, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce....

  19. 76 FR 2648 - Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From People's Republic of China: Extension of Time Limit...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE International Trade Administration Citric Acid and Certain Citrate Salts From People's Republic of China... initiation of administrative review of the countervailing duty order on citric acid and certain citrate salts...

  20. 76 FR 23281 - Bottom Mount Combination Refrigerator-Freezers From the Republic of Korea and Mexico: Initiation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE...: David Goldberger (Republic of Korea) or Henry Almond (Mexico), AD/CVD Operations, Office 2, Import... Investigation Initiation Checklist: Bottom Mount Combination Refrigerator-Freezers from Korea (``Korea AD...

  1. 78 FR 65265 - Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel from the People's Republic of China: Initiation of Countervailing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-31

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE... Investigation Initiation Checklist: Grain-Oriented Electrical Steel from the People's Republic of China (PRC CVD Initiation Checklist), at Attachment II, Analysis of Industry Support for the Petitions Covering Grain...

  2. Effectiveness of inactivation of foodborne pathogens during simulated home pan frying of steak, hamburger or meat strips.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lahou, Evy; Wang, Xiang; De Boeck, Elien; Verguldt, Elien; Geeraerd, Annemie; Devlieghere, Frank; Uyttendaele, Mieke

    2015-08-03

    In order to evaluate the effect of simulated home pan frying of raw meat and meat preparations of different animal species on the thermal inactivation of pathogens, the heat resistance (D-value) of three strains of Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella spp., Listeria monocytogenes and two strains of generic E. coli was validated in BHI and adjusted BHI (i.e. pH5.6 and 1.5% NaCl) at 60°C. The D-values were obtained of the linear phase of the survivor curves created in GInaFiT, a freeware tool to fit models to experimental data. The obtained D-values corresponded to those previously published in literature and confirmed L. monocytogenes to be the most heat resistant pathogen among them. Heat treatment in adjusted BHI significantly increased heat-resistance of E. coli O157:H7 and generic E. coli. Subsequently, the thermal inactivation of L. monocytogenes, Salmonella spp., C. jejuni and E. coli O157:H7 was evaluated using a standardized procedure simulating commonly used home pan frying of various types of meat including steaks or filets, hamburgers and meat strips from various animal species such as pork, beef, chicken, lamb and some turkey, horse, kangaroo and crocodile meat. Corresponding F70-values were calculated based upon measured core time/temperature profiles. It was noted that a core temperature of 70 °C was not always achieved and, moreover, a heat treatment equivalent to 2 min at 70 °C was also not always obtained. This was in particular noted in hamburgers although the meat was visually judged well done. On several occasions, residual survivors of the initial inoculated (4 logCFU/g) food borne pathogens could be recovered either by enumeration (limit of detection 1 logCFU/g) or by the presence/absence testing per 25 g. Pan frying of hamburgers yielded the highest number of surviving pathogenic bacteria (46%), followed by well-done filets and steaks (13%) and meat strips (12%). Taking only steaks (beef, horse, kangaroo, crocodile and

  3. HAMBÚRGUERES FORMULADOS COM BASE PROTÉICA DE PESCADO HAMBURGERS FORMULATES WITH FISH PROTEIN BASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.R.S. SIMÕES

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available A recuperação das proteínas de pescado, de espécies de baixo valor comercial ou de subprodutos de sua industrialização, constitui-se em ma alternativa promissora para a elaboração de produtos alimentícios de alta qualidade nutricional e economicamente viáveis. O objetivo deste trabalho foi obter uma Base-Protéica-de-Pescado (BPP que permitisse elaborar hambúrgueres com diferentes sabores. Pela disponibilidade e baixo custo de matéria-prima foi utilizada a pescada (Cynoscion striatus. A parte comestível, essencialmente músculo, foi submetida a sucessivas lavagens para retirar matéria solúvel e odores característicos, controlando-se as variáveis: solvente, soluto/solvente, tempo, temperatura, regime de agitação e número de ciclos de lavagens. A matéria-prima e BPP foram caracterizadas pelas propriedades físico-químicas e microbiológicas. O tratamento estatístico dos resultados, mediante modelo fatorial, permitiu verificar que é possível obter uma BPP, principalmente sem o sabor e odor característico do pescado, utilizando uma parte de soluto para cada duas de solvente, independente do tempo do ciclo de lavagens. A BPP foi utilizada para elaborar seis diferentes tipos de hambúrgueres e, mediante avaliação sensorial, utilizando escala hedônica para sabor, ficou evidenciada a aceitação de todos esses produtos não havendo preferência por um específico. Os resultados experimentais levam a concluir que a BPP, obtida a partir da pescada, pode ser utilizada na elaboração de hambúrgueres com bons atributos sensoriais e nutricionais.The utilization of fish protein, from species of low commercial value or subproducts of industrialization, became a promising alternative for the food products development with high nutritive quality and economically feasible. The goal of this work was to obtain a Fish Protein Base (FPB wich allowed preparation of different flavors of hamburgers. Whting Cynoscion striatu was used, due to

  4. Mortality and life expectancy of professional fire fighters in Hamburg, Germany: a cohort study 1950 – 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peschke Michel

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The healthy worker effect may hide adverse health effects in hazardous jobs, especially those where physical fitness is required. Fire fighters may serve as a good example because they sometimes are severely exposed to hazardous substances while on the other hand their physical fitness and their strong health surveillance by far exceeds that of comparable persons from the general population. Methods To study this effect a historic cohort study was conducted to assess mortality and life expectancy of professional fire fighters of the City of Hamburg, Germany. Fire departments and trade unions questioned the validity of existing studies from outside Germany because of specific differences in the professional career. No mortality study had been conducted so far in Germany and only few in Europe. Information on all active and retired fire fighters was extracted from personnel records. To assure completeness of data the cohort was restricted to all fire fighters being active on January 1, 1950 or later. Follow up of the cohort ended on June 30th 2000. Vital status was assessed by personnel records, pension fund records and the German residence registries. Mortality of fire fighters was compared to mortality of the Hamburg and German male population by means of standardized mortality ratios. Life expectancy was calculated using life table analysis. Multivariate proportional hazard models were used to assess the effect of seniority, time from first employment, and other occupational characteristics on mortality. Results The cohort consists of 4640 fire fighters accumulating 111796 person years. Vital status could be determined for 98.2% of the cohort. By the end of follow up 1052 person were deceased. Standardized Mortality Ratio (SMR for the total cohort was 0.79 (95% CI, 0.74–0.84 compared to Hamburg reference data and 0.78 (95% CI, 0.74–0.83 compared to National German reference data. Conditional life expectancy of a 30 year

  5. Vom "vorklinischen Studienabschnitt" zu "Medizin I" [The new pre-clinical curriculum "Medicine I" at Hamburg Medical School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuhnigk, Olaf

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available [english] A revision of the educational law (ÄAppO in Germany requires major reorganization of the curricula since 2002. Hamburg Medical Faculty introduced interdisciplinary education into the pre-clinical education integrating case-based and problem-based theoretical knowledge of medical preclinical subjects with practical skills. For this curricular change an independent curriculum committee was established by the faculty board. Reformation was carried out in close cooperation of the departments of medical science and basic science and was accompanied by a central evaluation organized by the office of the vice-dean of education. Curriculum contents were distributed on the basis of an interdisciplinary learning spiral with horizontal and vertical connections of basic and medical science subjects. Basic sciences are strictly focussed on medically relevant topics as required by the new ÄAppO. Case-based learning has become the major focus during "Integrated seminars" where small group discussions, self-studies, essays, and short reports form the basis for modern didactics. Electives are offered on the basis of the research profiles determined by the medical basic sciences. Training of basic medical skills is offered during the course "Introduction to clinical medicine". Students´ parcours through the curriculum are analysed by regular feedback meetings and followed by a computer programme. For better management of information the internet homepage of Hamburg medical faculty was reorganized. Positive results of evaluation and exams confirm a successful reform of the pre-clinical curriculum. [german] Die neue Approbationsordnung für Ärzte (ÄAppO stellt die Universitäten seit 2002 vor die Aufgabe einer weit reichenden Umstrukturierung des Medizinstudiums. An der Medizinischen Fakultät in Hamburg erfolgte die Einführung einer fächerübergreifenden Ausbildung, die an den medizinischen Grundlagenfächern orientiert fallbasiert und

  6. [The Hamburg-model of integrated care for patients with psychosis: Part 2. Results of the clinical course over 2- and 4-years of treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karow, Anne; Bock, Thomas; Daubmann, Anne; Meigel-Schleiff, Christina; Lange, Benjamin; Lange, Matthias; Ohm, Gunda; Bussopulos, Alexandra; Frieling, Marietta; Golks, Dietmar; Kerstan, Andrea; König, Hans-Helmut; Nika, Lia; Lange, Matthias; Ruppelt, Friederike; Schödlbauer, Michael; Schöttle, Daniel; Sauerbier, Anne-Lena; Rietschel, Liz; Wegscheider, Karl; Wiedemann, Klaus; Schimmelmann, Benno G; Naber, Dieter; Lambert, Martin

    2014-07-01

    Since the beginning of the integrated care model for severely ill patients with psychotic disorders ("Hamburg model") in 2007 different clinical parameters have been consecutively assessed within a naturalistic, observational, prospective study. Clinical outcome of the 2-year and 4-year follow-ups of n = 158 patients. A significant and ongoing improvement of psychopathology, severity of illness, functional outcome, quality of life and satisfaction with care in this sample of severely ill and merely chronic patients with psychosis was shown. Moreover, medication adherence improved and quality and quantity of outpatient treatment increased. The ongoing psychosocial stabilisation of the patients most likely result from a combination of various factors: continuity of care, multimodal and individualized care, therapeutic specialisation and the multidisciplinary ACT team. RESULTS provide clinical and scientific evidence for future implementations of the integrated care model "Hamburg Model" for the treatment of psychosis. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  7. Gelingende Integration? Anmerkungen zur Studie von D. Katzenbach u.a. uber den Hamburger Schulversuch "Integrative Grundschule" in ZfPad. 45 (1999), S. 567-590 (Successful Integration? Remarks on the Study by D. Katzenbach et al. on the Hamburg School Experiment "Integrative Elementary School" in ZfPad. 45 (1999), S. 567-590).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roeder, Peter Martin

    1999-01-01

    Critiques two normative premises that guide the researchers' interpretation of results from the Hamburg School Experiment, an empirical study that focused on mainstreaming elementary students diagnosed as needing special education: (1) integrating these children in normal classrooms is legitimated; and (2) social integration should not preclude…

  8. Institutionalizing Instability: The Constitutional Roots of Insecurity in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilary Matfess

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Nigeria’s return to democracy has been a tumultuous era; the Fourth Republic has been characterized by insurgencies and violence throughout the country. Though seemingly disparate movements, the violence of the Fourth Republic has its roots in the country’s constitution. Three aspects of the 1999 Nigerian constitution stand out as particularly problematic: the centralization of the police at the federal level with limited sub-national oversight, the ambiguous concept of indigeneity, and the overlapping, often contradictory land tenure systems endorsed. All of these allude to the precariousness of Nigerian federalism under the current constitution; ultimately, the police centralization primes the country for violence, while the indigeneity rules and land tenure system make it more difficult to negotiate stable post-conflict settlements. The country’s recent experience with Boko Haram will be used to illustrate how these constitutional tenets facilitate instability.

  9. Determination of fat content in chicken hamburgers using NIR spectroscopy and the Successive Projections Algorithm for interval selection in PLS regression (iSPA-PLS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krepper, Gabriela; Romeo, Florencia; Fernandes, David Douglas de Sousa; Diniz, Paulo Henrique Gonçalves Dias; de Araújo, Mário César Ugulino; Di Nezio, María Susana; Pistonesi, Marcelo Fabián; Centurión, María Eugenia

    2018-01-01

    Determining fat content in hamburgers is very important to minimize or control the negative effects of fat on human health, effects such as cardiovascular diseases and obesity, which are caused by the high consumption of saturated fatty acids and cholesterol. This study proposed an alternative analytical method based on Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIR) and Successive Projections Algorithm for interval selection in Partial Least Squares regression (iSPA-PLS) for fat content determination in commercial chicken hamburgers. For this, 70 hamburger samples with a fat content ranging from 14.27 to 32.12 mg kg- 1 were prepared based on the upper limit recommended by the Argentinean Food Codex, which is 20% (w w- 1). NIR spectra were then recorded and then preprocessed by applying different approaches: base line correction, SNV, MSC, and Savitzky-Golay smoothing. For comparison, full-spectrum PLS and the Interval PLS are also used. The best performance for the prediction set was obtained for the first derivative Savitzky-Golay smoothing with a second-order polynomial and window size of 19 points, achieving a coefficient of correlation of 0.94, RMSEP of 1.59 mg kg- 1, REP of 7.69% and RPD of 3.02. The proposed methodology represents an excellent alternative to the conventional Soxhlet extraction method, since waste generation is avoided, yet without the use of either chemical reagents or solvents, which follows the primary principles of Green Chemistry. The new method was successfully applied to chicken hamburger analysis, and the results agreed with those with reference values at a 95% confidence level, making it very attractive for routine analysis.

  10. Reliabilität des Hamburger Auswahlverfahrens für Medizinische Studiengänge, Naturwissenschaftsteil (HAM-Nat [Reliability of a science admission test (HAM-Nat at Hamburg medical school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hissbach, Johanna

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available [english] Objective: The University Hospital in Hamburg (UKE started to develop a test of knowledge in natural sciences for admission to medical school in 2005 (Hamburger Auswahlverfahren für Medizinische Studiengänge, Naturwissenschaftsteil, HAM-Nat. This study is a step towards establishing the HAM-Nat. We are investigating Methods: 316 first-year students participated in the study in 2007. They completed different versions of the HAM-Nat test which consisted of items that had already been used (HN2006 and new items (HN2007. Four weeks later half of the participants were tested on the HN2007 version of the HAM-Nat again, while the other half completed the test of scientific reasoning. Within this four week interval students were offered a five day chemistry course.Results: Parallel forms reliability for four different test versions ranged from r=.53 to r=.67. The retest reliabilities of the HN2007 halves were r=.54 and r=.61. Correlations of the two HAM-Nat versions with the test of scientific reasoning were r=.34 und r=.21. The crash course in chemistry had no effect on HAM-Nat scores.Conclusions: The results suggest that further versions of the test of natural sciences will not easily conform to the standards of internal consistency, parallel-forms reliability and retest reliability. Much care has to be taken in order to assemble items which could be used interchangeably for the construction of new test versions. The test of scientific reasoning and the HAM-Nat are tapping different constructs. Participation in a chemistry course did not improve students’ achievement, probably because the content of the course was not coordinated with the test and many students lacked of motivation to do well in the second test.[german] Ziele: Die Universität Hamburg hat im Jahr 2005 begonnen, einen Naturwissenschaftstest zur Auswahl von Studienbewerbern zu entwickeln (Hamburger Auswahlverfahren für Medizinische Studiengänge, Naturwissenschaftsteil

  11. Influence of Diet on the Proteome of Drosophila Melanogaster as Assessed by Two-Dimensional Gel Electrophoresis and Capillary Liquid Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry: The Hamburger Effect Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Culwell, Thomas F.; Thulin, Craig D.; Merrell, Karen J.; Graves, Steven W.

    2008-01-01

    Proteomic biomarker discovery has been called into question. Diamandis hypothesized that seemingly trivial factors, such as eating a hamburger, may cause sufficient proteomic change as to confound proteomic differences. This has been termed the hamburger effect. Little is known about the variability of complex proteomes in response to the environment. Two methods—two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DGE) and capillary liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LCMS)—were used to study the hamburger effect in two cross-sections of the soluble fruit fly proteome. 2DGE measured abundant proteins, whereas LCMS measured small proteins and peptides. Proteomic differences between males and females were first evaluated to assess the discriminatory capability of the methods. Likewise, wild-type and white-eyed flies were analyzed as a further demonstration that genetically based proteomic differences could be observed above the background analytical variation. Then dietary interventions were imposed. Ethanol was added to the diet of some populations without significant proteomic effect. However, after a 24-h fast, proteomic differences were found using LCMS but not 2DGE. Even so, only three of ~1000 molecular species were altered significantly, suggesting that the influence of even an extreme diet change produced only modest proteomic variability, and that much of the fruit fly proteome remains relatively constant in response to diet. These experiments suggest that proteomics can be a viable approach to biomarker discovery. PMID:19137114

  12. Interdisciplinary approach to design, performance, and quality management in a multicenter newborn hearing screening project. Discussion of the results of newborn hearing screening in Hamburg (part II).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohlfs, Anna-Katharina; Wiesner, Thomas; Drews, Holger; Müller, Frank; Breitfuss, Achim; Schiller, Regina; Hess, Markus

    2010-12-01

    Previously presented results of the newborn hearing screening in Hamburg and the perspectives are subsequently discussed. Minimum standards referring a participation of 95% of the neonates and a fail rate of less than 4% hearing-impaired children at the primary screening are fulfilled in Hamburg. Systematic screening of newborn hearing by an interdisciplinary approach provides early identification and intervention for children with permanent unilateral and bilateral hearing loss. But a newborn hearing screening on a voluntary basis alone cannot be maintained in the long run. Further, an anonymous data collection is not sufficient in regard to an uninterrupted tracking of conspicuous and unscreened neonates. A lost-to-follow-up rate of 31.3% at primary screening in Hamburg is much too high and emphasizes the need for a public health approach to a population-based newborn hearing screening with an elaborate and name-based tracking system. The legislation and implementation of a nationwide newborn hearing screening program in Germany and the association of German newborn hearing screening centers are highlighting long efforts of hearing professionals. But the implementation of a newborn hearing screening only makes sense if there exists an efficient tracking system. Sad to say, we are still a long way from the implementation of such a tracking system.

  13. Evaluation of spatio-temporal variability of Hamburg Aerosol Climatology against aerosol datasets from MODIS and CALIOP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Pappas

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The new global aerosol climatology named HAC (Hamburg Aerosol Climatology is compared against MODIS (Collection 5, 2000–2007 and CALIOP (Level 2-version 3, 2006–2011 retrievals. The comparison of aerosol optical depth (AOD from HAC against MODIS shows larger HAC AOD values over regions with higher aerosol loads and smaller HAC AOD values than MODIS for regions with lower loads. The HAC data are found to be more reliable over land and for low AOD values. The largest differences between HAC and MODIS occur from March to August for the Northern Hemisphere and from September to February for the Southern Hemisphere. In addition, both the spectral variability and vertical distribution of the HAC AOD are examined at selected AERONET (1998–2007 sites, representative of main aerosol types (pollutants, sea salt, biomass and dust. Based on comparisons against spectral AOD values from AERONET, the mean absolute percentage error in HAC AOD data is 25% at ultraviolet wavelengths (400 nm, 6–12% at visible and 18% at near-infrared (1000 nm. For the same AERONET sites, the HAC AOD vertical distribution is compared against CALIOP space lidar data. On a daily average basis, HAD AOD is less by 9% in the lowest 3 km than CALIOP values, especially for sites with biomass burning smoke, desert dust and sea salt spray. Above the boundary layer, the HAC AOD vertical distribution is reliable.

  14. [Aviation fuels and aircraft emissions. A risk characterization for airport neighbors using Hamburg Airport as an example].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tesseraux, I; Mach, B; Koss, G

    1998-06-01

    Aviation fuels are well characterised regarding their physical and chemical properties. Health effects of fuel vapours and of liquid fuel are described after occupational exposure and in animal studies. Exposure of the general population (airport visitors and people living in the vicinity of airports) may occur during fuel supply particularly in warm summers (odour). Aircraft emissions vary with the engine type and the kind of fuel. Combustion of aviation fuel results in CO2, H2O, CO, C, NOx and a great number of organic compounds. Among the emitted polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) no compound characteristic for jet engines (tracer) could be detected so far. Hardly any data exist on the toxicology of jet engine emissions. According to analyses of their chemical composition, however, they contain various toxicologically relevant compounds including carcinogenic substances. Measurements in ambient air around the Hamburg Airport show no elevated pollutant levels. However, no such data exist on aldehydes, black smoke or fine particles. Annoying odours have been stated in some areas around the airport, which were mainly attributed to the aircraft engine emissions rather than to fuel vapours.

  15. [Acute injuries in road bicycle racing. Injury surveillance at the Hamburg UCI ProTour"Cyclassics" 2006].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ueblacker, P; Rathmann, W; Rueger, J M; Püschel, K

    2008-06-01

    Few data on risks and injury patterns of road cycling events are available. The aim of our study was to evaluate all injured participants in the 2006 Hamburg "Cyclassics". Injuries of the 182 professional and 18,788 recreational participants were registered with the help of the emergency medical services, the promoter and the hospitals. A total of 193 injuries were registered in 70 participants; the mean age was 44 years (range: 19-72). The injury rate amounted to 0.37%. Extremities were affected in 94.4%, and 32 fractures were registered. The MAIS amounted to 1.34+/-0.73 (range: 1-4), and the mean ISS was 2.86 +/- 3.61 (range: 1-20). The region affected most frequently was the shoulder girdle. Of the participants, 10% sustained serious injuries (AIS> or =3), which were significantly more frequent in women than in men (p<0.01). Based on 100,000 km most accidents occurred in the 55-km distance (p<0.01); 84.4% of the accidents occurred in groups. The mean speed at the time of the crash was 37.3 km/h (range: 0-57). In conclusion, accidents were more likely to occur in inexperienced drivers, in the shortest distance, with straight conditions and in well-known dangerous areas.

  16. Did the International ALPPS Meeting 2015 Have an Impact on Daily Practice? The Hamburg Barmbek Experience of 58 Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavrou, Gregor A; Donati, Marcello; Fard-Aghaie, Mohammad H; Zeile, Martin; Huber, Tessa M; Stang, Axel; Oldhafer, Karl J

    2017-12-01

    ALPPS (associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy) was introduced only 10 years ago and has gained wide acceptance as a variation of staged procedures in liver surgery. It has been criticized for its high morbidity and mortality, which all centers reported in their initial series. After a world expert meeting in Hamburg in 2015 where all experts in the field met to discuss this method, caveats were extracted and formulated. We researched our complete prospective ALPPS database to see if the recommendations had any impact on outcome. In total, we performed 58 ALPPS procedures in our center. 33 patients were operated on before, 25 after the meeting. Results in terms of morbidity and mortality were significantly better after the meeting, as were patient selection and strategy. In our own center's experience, the implementation of the meetings' recommendations and the information gathered through this valuable exchange had a dramatic impact on results. Having performed 58 ALPPS procedures in total, we can now conclude that ALPPS has become much safer in our hands since the 2015 meeting and that morbidity and mortality are no longer the issue to be discussed. Future research must focus on oncologic outcomes in these patients.

  17. Climate protection targets in the German federal states; Klimaschutzziele in den deutschen Bundeslaendern

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Biedermann, Anna

    2011-07-15

    With respect to the embankment of the climatic change, the Federal Republic of Germany has set itself to reduce their annual greenhouse gas emissions by 40 % till to the year 2020 in comparison to 1990. Also, the most federal states want to contribute to the climate protection and therefore have adopted appropriate reduction targets. The main aim of the contribution under consideration is to make the climate protection goals of the federal states comparable with each other and with the 40 % target of the federal government. Therefore, the author first of all reports on the options for action of the federal states in the climate protection. Then the methods are presented with which the federal states balance their greenhouse gas emissions. The goals adopted by the federal states to reduce greenhouse gas emissions are not sufficient to meet the climate target of the federal government.

  18. Serious fungal diseases in the Republic of Uzbekistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilavberdiev, S A; Denning, D W; Klimko, N N

    2017-06-01

    We have undertaken the first and preliminary estimation of severe and chronic mycotic diseases in the Republic of Uzbekistan, using a model proposed by LIFE (Leading International Fungal Education). Calculation was carried out based on data from 2014. Published results describing mycoses in Uzbekistan were identified. In the absence of published or official data, information about the frequency of mycoses from scientific literature elsewhere in groups at risk of development of fungal infections were taken into account. We also utilized methodology used in analogous estimations of mycoses in the Russian Federation. We estimate that of the 30.8 million population, 536,978 people (1.8% of the population) were affected by severe and chronic mycotic diseases. In 2014, there were 12,351 cases of acute invasive fungal diseases and 524,627 cases of chronic fungal diseases, including 1,941 cases of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis. The most frequent problems were recurrent vulvovaginal candidiasis (513,600 cases), trichophytosis of the scalp (6,414), and relapsed oral candidiasis (4,950). Results of the investigation indicate a significant prevalence of mycoses in the Republic of Uzbekistan.

  19. Environmental policy. Resolution of the German Federal Government concerning the Air Pollution Abatement Programme of the Federal Republic of Germany based on the fourth report of the Interdepartmental Working Group on Carbon Dioxide Reduction (IMA `CO{sub 2} Reduction`); Umweltpolitik. Beschluss der Bundesregierung zum Klimaschutzprogramm der Bundesrepublik Deutschland auf der Basis des Vierten Berichts der Interministeriellen Arbeitsgruppe ``CO{sub 2}-Reduktion`` (IMA ``CO{sub 2}-Reduktion``)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    Air pollution abatement is a key issue in German environmental policy. This was stressed again in the 4th report of the Interdepartmental Working Group on Carbon Dioxide Reduction (IMA `CO{sub 2}-Reduktion`), in which the Federal Government confirmed its goal of a 25% reduction of carbon dioxide emissions by 2005 as referred to 1990. This report contains the government decision, the formulatio of the task assigned to the IMA, and the 4th report of the IMA. (orig./SR) [Deutsch] Klimavorsorge ist ein Schwerpunkt der deutschen Umweltpolitik. Dies hat das Bundeskabinett mit der Verabschiedung des 4. Berichts der Interministeriellen Arbeitsgruppe (IMA) ``CO{sub 2}-Reduktion`` nachdruecklich unterstrichen. Mit diesem Beschluss bekraeftigt die Bundesregierung erneut ihr Ziel, die CO{sub 2} Emissionen bis 2005 um 25 % gegenueber 1990 zu senken. Der vorliegende Bericht enthaelt den Beschluss, der Bundesregierung, den Auftrag der Bundesregierung an die Interministerielle Arbeitsgruppe (IMA) und den 4. Bericht der IMA ``CO{sub 2}-Reduktion``. (orig./SR)

  20. FORMATION PRACTICE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTBODY FUNCTIONING IN REPUBLIC OF BURYATIYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Viktorovna Petrova

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The results sociological investigation, of made by the author inRepublicofBuryatiyain 2008-2010, are represented in the given article in order to study the tendency, forms and peculiarities of local government. The problems,  connected with process of  forming the local government inRussia, are typical also for the Republic. The problems are the following: the financial resources insufficiency, the federal legislation incompleteness, insufficient municipal personnel qualification, dual relation concerning the work of the city-managers.The sociological investigation has given the possibility to show if the organizational measures, concerning the municipal reforms, are appreciated in positive or negative ways, how they are interpreted by the citizen consciousness and in which way they influence  their daily social practice.

  1. History of Neurosurgery in Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Kee B; Roh, Young Han; Lee-Park, Owen; Park, Sophie

    2015-09-01

    Neurosurgery in Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) has undergone remarkable progress since its beginning in the 1950s. With the initial support from socialist countries of the Soviet bloc, especially Professor Constantin Arseni of Romania, the nation has consistently produced a number of its own neurosurgeons each year and fostered further advancement by establishing the Korean Neurosurgery Association (DPRK). Despite the recent international collaborative activity for North Korean neurosurgery-namely with Foundation for International Education in Neurological Surgery, World Federation of Neurological Surgeons, and Korean American Medical Association-the sparse exchange of information, knowledge, and surgical skills still remains largely inadequate. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Republic of Crimea: a Two-Day State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatoly Pronin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Crimean situation has put self-determination, secession and accession back at the top of the international law agenda. The article deals with questions of the procedure of Crimea’s self-determination and accession to the Russian Federation from the point of view of international law. Special attention is paid to the analysis of the ICJ Advisory Opinion on the question of the accordance with international law of the unilateral declaration of independence in respect of Kosovo in its interrelation with the Crimea case.The text also includes an unofficial translation of an accession treaty between Russia and the Republic of Crimea. With the Crimean Republic’s declaration of independence, it is the most important document for the legal analysis of the situation. 

  3. English in the Czech Republic: Linguists’ perspectives

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kaderka, Petr; Prošek, Martin

    -, č. 28 (2014), s. 173-198 ISSN 0933-1883 Institutional support: RVO:68378092 Keywords : language situation * English as a global language * attitudes towards English * national language institution * sociolinguistics * Czech Republic Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  4. Federal Fleet Report

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Annual report of Federal agencies' motor vehicle fleet data collected in the Federal Automotive Statistical Tool (FAST), a web-based reporting tool cosponsored by...

  5. Review of current and anticipated regulations on air protection in the Czech Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jilek, P.; Novotny, V. [Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic, Prague (Czechoslovakia)

    1995-12-01

    Environmental issues, especially the solution of the air pollution problem, have taken on great significance in the Czech Republic (which was a part of the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic until the end of 1992) since the 1989 {open_quotes}Velvet{close_quotes} Revolution. The former CSFR Federal Committee for the Environment and both the Republic Ministries started immediately with creating new environmental legislation, which is the main governmental tool for protecting the environment in the newly developing democracy state system with a market oriented economy. The inspiration for that activity was found in legislation of developed countries - member states of the European Union, and in German environmental law in particular. This paper surveys the major laws and regulations that gradually came into force in the Czech Republic since 1990. The provisions of the primary significance are the Act No.309/1991 S.B., dated July 9, 1991, on the protection of the air against pollutants - The Clean Air Act, the Act No.218/1992 S.B., dated April 27, 1992, which changes and supplements the Act No.309 - The Clean Air Act, the Measure of the Federal Committee for the Environment of October 1, 1991 to the Clean Air Act, and its amended wordings of June 23, 1992, 84/1991 S.B., and 84/1992 S.B., the Act No.389/1991 S.B., dated September 10, 1991 on the state administration of air protection and charges for the pollution of air, and several regulations based on the Act No.389/1991 S.B., issued in the period 1992 -1993.

  6. 76 FR 35405 - Solid Urea From the Russian Federation: Preliminary Results of Antidumping Duty Administrative...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-17

    ... the individual members of the Commonwealth of Independent States. See Solid Urea From the Union of... Socialist Republics to the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Baltic States and Opportunity to... entitled ``Solid Urea from the Russian Federation--Affiliation Analysis.'' Level of Trade To the extent...

  7. Framing Canadian federalism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Saywell, John; Anastakis, Dimitry; Bryden, Penny E

    2009-01-01

    ... the pervasive effects that federalism has on Canadian politics, economics, culture, and history, and provide a detailed framework in which to understand contemporary federalism. Written in honour of John T. Saywell's half-century of accomplished and influential scholarly work and teaching, Framing Canadian Federalism is a timely and fitting t...

  8. Interpersonal violence in road rage. Cases from the Medico-Legal Center for Victims of Violence in Hamburg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfeiffer, Joost-Levin; Pueschel, Klaus; Seifert, Dragana

    2016-04-01

    Aggressive behavior in traffic is a widespread phenomenon. Up to 90% of the population are involved in mild forms such as shouting or gesturing. More dramatic cases with injury to individuals affect at least 1100 people in the US annually. Certain factors such as a male sex, a young age and an urban residency have been identified to contribute to the likelihood of road rage. Central to this analysis is the determination of specific features regarding the conflicting parties, the crime scene and the injury pattern in violent offenses related to traffic. In a retrospective study spanning 10 years, cases of road rage-linked injuries were identified amongst patients at the Medico-Legal Center of the Institute of Legal Medicine in Hamburg, Germany. The data were digitized and then analyzed using descriptive statistics via SPSS. There are disproportionately large numbers of males (85.7%) and motorists (61.2%) amongst road rage perpetrators. Usually the conflicting parties have no prior relationship (89.7%). In 68.1% of the cases, the violence applied was exclusively physical. Objects were utilized in 31.0% of all cases, and in more than half (55.6%) of these cases the vehicle was used as a weapon. The resulting trauma in road rage is mostly blunt and applied to the face and the extremities. There are characteristic features regarding the demographics, time and place of incident, as well as severity and pattern of injury in road rage associated offenses. Identifying these factors may lead to appropriate measures in the reduction of road rage. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.

  9. Hamburg-Glasgow classification: preoperative staging by combination of disseminated tumour load and systemic inflammation in oesophageal carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reeh, Matthias; Ghadban, Tarik; Uzunoglu, Faik G; Nentwich, Michael F; Bockhorn, Maximilian; Pantel, Klaus; Izbicki, Jakob R; Vashist, Yogesh K

    2017-08-22

    The aim of this study was to establish a new preoperative staging classification and evaluate its comparability to the post-operative tumour stage, lymph node invasion and metastasis (TNM) classification. To date, adequate, preoperative staging in patients with oesophageal carcinoma (EC) is still missing but urgently needed. Systemic inflammation and disseminated tumour load have a pivotal role in recurrence and oncological outcome. To improve the clinical staging, we merged the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) and disseminated tumour cells (DTC) into a new sufficient preoperative staging classification, the Hamburg-Glasgow classification (HGC). In this prospective, single-centre study, 326 patients following curative oesophagectomy were included. From all patients preoperative bone marrow was aspirated from the iliac crest to detect DTCs by immunostaining with the pan-keratin antibody A45-B/B3. HGC was subdefined into four prognostic groups on the basis of C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin and DTC. The three prognostic groups of the GPS were supplemented by DTC detection status. Results were correlated with clinicopathological parameters and clinical outcome. Increasing HGC significantly correlated with lymph node invasion (P=0.022), post-operative pathohistological TNM staging (P=0.001) and tumour recurrence (P=0.001). The four HGC prognostic groups displayed a gradual decrease in overall as well as disease-free survival (PHamburg-Glasgow classification was a strong, significant independent predictor of overall survival and disease-free survival (PHamburg-Glasgow classification seems to be a promising preoperative additive staging classification for accurate and simple outcome stratification.

  10. [Network Analyses in Regional Health Care Research: Example of Dermatological Care in the Metropolitan Region of Hamburg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augustin, J; Austermann, J; Erasmi, S

    2016-10-18

    Background: One of the overall objectives of the legislator is to ensure an overall "homogeneous", and easily accessible medical care for the population. The physician-patient ratio can be used to describe the regional health care situation. But this method does not provide information concerning the availability of, for instance, the nearest doctor. Therefore, further parameters such as accessibility must be taken into consideration. For this purpose, network analyses are an appropriate method. The objective of this study is to present methodological tools to evaluate the healthcare situation in the metropolitan region of Hamburg, primarily focusing on accessibility using dermatologists as an example. Methods: Analyzing data of 20 counties, the geographical distribution of N=357 dermatologists and the physician-patient ratio were calculated. In a second step, a network analysis regarding accessibility was performed. In order to calculate accessibility, address data (physicians) were transformed into coordinates, consisting of defined places (N=303) and restrictions (e. g. speed, turn restrictions) of the network. The calculation of population-based accessibility is based on grid cells for the population density. Results: Despite adequacy of the overall medical situation, differences in the availability of the nearest dermatologists in the metropolitan region are remarkable, particularly when use of public transport is taken into consideration. In some counties, over 60% of the population require at least one hour to get to the nearest dermatologist using public transportation. In rural regions within the metropolitan area are particularly affected. Conclusion: The network analysis has shown that the choice and availability of transportation in combination with the location (rural/urban) is essential for health care access. Especially elderly people in rural areas with restricted mobility are at a disadvantage. Therefore, modern health care approaches (e

  11. THE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM SECTOR IN THE REPUBLIC OF CRIMEA: PROBLEMS AND ASSESSMENT

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    Oksana V. Kuchmaeva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In connection with the inclusion of the Republic of Crimea with the Russian Federation urgency address the issues and assess the state of development of tourism in the new subject of Russia is not in doubt. Current world trends speak about globality of scales of development of tourism. Tourism is one of priority factors of development of mutual understanding between ethnoses and the people today, and also makes an essential contribution to prosperity of many countries of the world. In this regard, the evaluation and characterization of the problems of development of tourist activity in the Republic of Crimea occupies a significant and independent place in the formulation and implementation of management of national economy. The article describes the main methodological problems of the analysis of the tourist sphere, investigated the changes of a tourist stream to the Republic of Crimea, takes into account features of development collective means of placement; also formulated general conclusions about the state of the tourism sector of the Republic of Crimea.

  12. Situation Report--Barbados, Finland, German Democratic Republic, Italy, Lesotho, Luxembourg, Malagasy Republic (Madagascar), Malaysia (West), Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, and Yugoslavia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in 15 foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Barbados, Finland, German Democratic Republic, Italy, Lesotho, Luxembourg, Malagasy Republic, Malaysia (West), Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, and Yogoslavia. Information…

  13. Análise físico-química e sensorial de hambúrguer elaborado com carne de avestruz Physicochemical and sensorial analyses of ostrich hamburger

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    Tiffany Prokopp Hautrive

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi elaborar um hambúrguer com carne de avestruz, para possibilitar o aproveitamento total da carne de avestruz, utilizando cortes considerados menos nobres como recortes resultantes da desossa. Avaliar sua aceitação entre potenciais consumidores, como apreciadores de carnes e hambúrgueres, bem como sugerir a industrialização e comercialização pelas indústrias como um novo produto de conveniência. Foram elaboradas três formulações de hambúrgueres com diferentes percentuais de carne de avestruz e bovina. As amostras foram analisadas por 50 provadores não treinados, escolhidos em função de gostarem e serem consumidores de hambúrgueres. O hambúrguer de formulação 2, composto por carne bovina (50% e carne de avestruz (50% obteve maior aceitação em relação aos demais. Os teores de lipídios e proteínas das amostras de hambúrgueres encontram-se dentre os valores exigidos pela legislação. Sendo assim, os hambúrgueres formulados com carne de avestruz foram bem aceitos pelos julgadores. O hambúrguer misto, o qual obteve maior aceitação, seria uma alternativa de um produto para a industrialização e comercialização, pois agregado com a carne bovina o custo dos hambúrgueres de avestruz são mais acessíveis.The objective of this study was to prepare a hamburger with ostrich meat, making use of the ostrich meat cuts that are considered less noble such as those resulting form boning. This study also aimed at evaluating its acceptance among potential clients such meat and hamburger consumers as well as suggesting its industrialization as a new product. Three types of hamburgers were prepared with different percentage of ostrich and bovine meat. The samples were tested by 50 tasters without training, but who were hamburger consumers. The hamburger of formulation 2, composed by bovine meat (50% and ostrich meat (50%, obtained better acceptance than the others. The contents of lipids and proteins of

  14. ECOLOGY OF AGRICULTURAL LAND USE THE NORTH CAUCASIAN FEDERAL DISTRICT

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    M. R. Musaev

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The aim is to make an evaluation of the processes taking place on agricultural lands when intensively used on the territory of the North Caucasus Federal District of the Russian Federation.Methods. Analysis of literary sources and conventional techniques with the use of geo-informational systems.Results. Stavropol Territory and Dagestan Republic occupy 68,29% of the territory of the Federal District and determine the basic agricultural policy. Analysis of anthropogenic degradation of agricultural land in the territorial entities of the district reveals that in the Republic of Dagestan 84% of the territory suffers from degradation (water erosion, and in Kabardino-Balkaria only 0,04% (alkalinization of the land. In case we consider the degradation factor on an integrated basis, then the highest rate in Dagestan reached 2,04.Conclusion. It was established that in the North Caucasus Federal District the anthropogenic pressure on agricultural lands is very high along with low arable lands supply, thus causing many problems for the region, including social. We suggest a set of measures to improve land productivity; to strengthen control by the public authorities over the use, protection and improvement of land and the efficient use of capital investments.

  15. People’s Republic of China and Federal Republic of Germany in current international relations in Central Asia

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    A V Tsvyk

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to the analysis of the current Sino-German relations in the context of world politics and dynamics of international relations as exemplified by the Central Asia region. Basic problems and prospects for cooperation between China and Germany in this region, as well as possible ways of cooperation of the SCO and the EU are under consideration.

  16. Are female daycare workers at greater risk of cytomegalovirus infection? A secondary data analysis of CMV seroprevalence between 2010 and 2013 in Hamburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stranzinger, Johanna; Kozak, Agnessa; Schilgen, Benjamin; Paris, Diana; Nießen, Thomas; Schmidt, Lutz; Wille, Andreas; Wagner, Norbert L; Nienhaus, Albert

    2016-01-01

    Close contact with asymptomatic children younger than three years is a risk factor for a primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. In pregnant women, such primary infection increases the risk of CMV-induced feto- or embryopathy. Daycare providers have therefore implemented working restrictions for pregnant daycare workers (DCWs) in accordance with legislation and guidelines for maternity protection. However, little is known about the infection risk for DCWs. We therefore compared the prevalence of CMV antibodies of pregnant DCWs to that of female blood donors (BDs). In a secondary data analysis, the prevalence of anti-CMV IgG among pregnant DCWs (N=509) in daycare centers (DCCs) was compared to the prevalence of female first-time BDs (N=14,358) from the greater region of Hamburg, Germany. Data collection took place between 2010 and 2013. The influence of other risk factors such as age, pregnancies and place of residence was evaluated using logistic regression models. The prevalence of CMV antibodies in pregnant DCWs was higher than in female BDs (54.6 vs 41.5%; OR 1.6; 95%CI 1.3-1.9). The subgroup of BDs who had given birth to at least one child and who lived in the city of Hamburg (N=2,591) had a prevalence of CMV antibodies similar to the prevalence in pregnant DCWs (53.9 vs 54.6%; OR 0.9; 95%CI 0.8-1.2). Age, pregnancy history and living in the center of Hamburg were risk factors for CMV infections. The comparison of pregnant DCWs to the best-matching subgroup of female first-time BDs with past pregnancies and living in the city of Hamburg does not indicate an elevated risk of CMV infection among DCWs. However, as two secondary data sets from convenience samples were used, a more detailed investigation of the risk factors other than place of residence, age and maternity was not possible. Therefore, the CMV infection risk in DCWs should be further studied by taking into consideration the potential preventive effect of hygiene measures.

  17. Are female daycare workers at greater risk of cytomegalovirus infection? A secondary data analysis of CMV seroprevalence between 2010 and 2013 in Hamburg, Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stranzinger, Johanna

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Close contact with asymptomatic children younger than three years is a risk factor for a primary cytomegalovirus (CMV infection. In pregnant women, such primary infection increases the risk of CMV-induced feto- or embryopathy. Daycare providers have therefore implemented working restrictions for pregnant daycare workers (DCWs in accordance with legislation and guidelines for maternity protection. However, little is known about the infection risk for DCWs. We therefore compared the prevalence of CMV antibodies of pregnant DCWs to that of female blood donors (BDs.Method: In a secondary data analysis, the prevalence of anti-CMV IgG among pregnant DCWs (N=509 in daycare centers (DCCs was compared to the prevalence of female first-time BDs (N=14,358 from the greater region of Hamburg, Germany. Data collection took place between 2010 and 2013. The influence of other risk factors such as age, pregnancies and place of residence was evaluated using logistic regression models. Results: The prevalence of CMV antibodies in pregnant DCWs was higher than in female BDs (54.6 vs 41.5%; OR 1.6; 95%CI 1.3–1.9. The subgroup of BDs who had given birth to at least one child and who lived in the city of Hamburg (N=2,591 had a prevalence of CMV antibodies similar to the prevalence in pregnant DCWs (53.9 vs 54.6%; OR 0.9; 95%CI 0.8–1.2. Age, pregnancy history and living in the center of Hamburg were risk factors for CMV infections.Conclusion: The comparison of pregnant DCWs to the best-matching subgroup of female first-time BDs with past pregnancies and living in the city of Hamburg does not indicate an elevated risk of CMV infection among DCWs. However, as two secondary data sets from convenience samples were used, a more detailed investigation of the risk factors other than place of residence, age and maternity was not possible. Therefore, the CMV infection risk in DCWs should be further studied by taking into consideration the potential preventive

  18. Characteristics of suspended and streambed sediment within constructed chutes and the main channel at Upper Hamburg and Glovers Point Bends, Missouri River, Nebraska, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodward, Brenda K.; Rus, David L.

    2011-01-01

    The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Omaha District, as part of the Missouri River Bank Stabilization and Navigation Mitigation Project, has constructed 17 off-channel chutes along the channelized Missouri River, downstream from Sioux City, Iowa, to increase habitat diversity. To better understand characteristics of suspended and streambed sediment within these constructed chutes, the U.S. Geological Survey investigated specific aspects of chute design and function in relation to sediment characteristics including: (1) effects of inlet structures; (2) changes occurring between the inlet and the outlet of a chute; (3) effects of chutes on sediment characteristics in the main channel; and (4) differences in chute dynamics between sampled chutes. Two chutes differing in design, location, and dynamics were studied, Upper Hamburg Bend near Nebraska City, Nebr., and Glovers Point Bend near Winnebago, Nebr. Each site was characterized using five or more sampling transects (two in the chute and three to four in the main channel) designed to bracket sediment exchanges between chutes and the main channel. A sixth transect was included at the Upper Hamburg Bend study site to account for the effects of a nontarget chute having its inlet midway between the inlet and outlet of the primary chute. Representative samples of suspended and streambed sediment were collected at each transect, along with measurements of turbidity and streamflow, between June and November 2008. Four sets of samples were collected at the Glovers Point Bend study site and five sample sets were collected from the Upper Hamburg Bend study site. Results from paired t-tests and standard t-tests indicated that the inlet structure design, passing inflow only from the top of the main-channel water column, reduced the supply of coarse-grained suspended sediment entering the chutes. Statistical comparisons did not indicate differences between the inlet and outlet of either chute; however, anecdotal evidence of recent

  19. Transoceanic dispersal of benthic macrofauna: Haliplanella luciae (Verrill, 1898) (Anthozoa, Actiniaria) found on a ship's hull in a shipyard dock in Hamburg Harbour, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gollasch, S.; Riemann-Zürneck, K.

    1996-06-01

    In September 1993, 26 live specimens of the small, delicate sea anemone Haliplanella luciae (Verrill, 1898) were sampled from the hull of a ship docked in Hamburg Harbour. After a worldwide journey the ship had passed into the freshwater region of the river Elbe. Although the migratory potential of the species (supposed home region is Japan) is well known, its transport on ships' bottoms has never been documented. Behavioural traits enabling the anemone to settle on ships are discussed together with probable reasons why Haliplanella luciae did not establish itself in the fauna of the German Bight.

  20. „Besuch&Buch“: Soziale Bibliotheksarbeit der Stadtbibliothek Graz nach dem Vorbild der „Medienboten“ (Hamburg im Blickfeld der Gerontologie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burkert, Petra

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2013 the Public Library of Graz launched a home library service which is unique in Austria up to today: volunteer book messengers visit senior and homebound citizens at their homes. “Besuch&Buch” has been inspired by the “Medienboten”, a socio-cultural project started by Hamburg Public Libraries in 2007. The author – librarian and gerontologist in Graz – has written her master thesis on “Besuch&Buch” and describes why library social projects as “Besuch&Buch” have never been more important than in today’s demographic change.

  1. Farklı Işınlama Dozlarının Hamburger Köftelerde E. coli ve Toplam Mezofilik Aerobik Bakteri Üzerine Etkileri

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    Ayça Aylangan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, ülkemizde önemli bir tüketim potansiyeli olan, özellikle ayaküstü yenilen gıdalar olarak adlandırılan fast food zincirlerinde yüksek miktarda tüketilen hamburger köftelerin muhafazası amacıyla ışınlama teknolojisi kullanılmıştır. Bu amaçla, dana kıymasından % 0.8 oranında NaCl içeren hamburger köfteleri üretilmiştir. Hamburger köfteleri iki gruba ayrılmış, bir grup E. coli ATCC 25922 suşu ile aşılanırken, diğer grup aşılanmamıştır. İki farklı depolama sıcaklığında ve süresinde (+4 °C’de 8 gün ve -12 °C’de 30 gün, ürünün mikrobiyel güvenlik ve kalitesinin sağlanması amacıyla uygulanan 3 farklı ışınlama dozunun (0.4 kGy; 0.8 kGy ve 1.2 kGy toplam mezofilik aerobik bakteri (TMAB sayısı ve Escherichia coli üzerine etkisi incelenmiştir. Yapılan çalışma sonunda, E. coli için D10 değeri 0.55 kGy olarak bulunmuştur. E. coli aşılanmamış hamburger örneklerinde gerçekleştirilen sayım sonuçlarına göre, 1.2 kGy doz uygulanmasının TMAB sayısında 2 log düzeyinde bir azalmaya yol açtığı belirlenmiştir.

  2. Race and nation in the Dominican Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michiel Baud

    2002-07-01

    Full Text Available [First paragraph] Coloring the Nation: Race and Ethnicity in the Dominican Republic. DAVID HOWARD. Oxford: Signal; Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2001. x + 227 pp. (Paper US$ 19.95 Race and Politics in the Dominican Republic. ERNESTO SAGAS. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000. xii + 161 pp. (Cloth US$ 49.95, Paper US$ 24.95 Peasants and Religion: A Socioeconomic Study of Dios Olivorio and the Palma Sola Movement in the Dominican Republic. JAN LUNDIUS & MATS LUNDAHL. London: Routledge, 2000. xxvi + 774 pp. (Cloth US$ 135.00 The social and political relations between the Dominican Republic and Haiti, and especially their racial and ethnic contents, are extremely difficult to approach in an even- handed and unbiased way. Much ink has been spilled over the conflictive relations between these two countries, and on race relations in the Dominican Republic. Much of what has been said must be considered unfounded or biased, not to mention sensationalist. The books under review try to pro vide new insights into the issue and at the same time to steer clear of these problems.

  3. [Shock therapy and psychosurgery in the early German Democratic Republic (GDR)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rzesnitzek, L

    2015-11-01

    Patient files, textbooks and published articles of the time show that the wide range of psychiatric therapies of the 1950s and 1960s was also used in the early German Democratic Republic (GDR). The use of insulin coma therapy, cardiazol and electroconvulsive therapies and especially of leucotomy in the GDR must not only be seen in the context of the international development and debate concerning these therapies up to the introduction of psychopharmaceutic therapy but also, in a similar way as in the Federal Republic of Germany, in relation to the locally sometimes different availability of insulin and cardiazol in the post-war period, different schools of academic thought and scientific research interest and priorities of the clinics concerned.

  4. ANALYSIS OF REPRODUCTION OF NATIVE NATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SAKHA (YAKUTIA

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    Ульяна Семеновна Борисова

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of results specific sociological research, which are made by sociologists of the Northeastern federal university in the end of 2011 in Republic Sakha (Yakutia is given in the article. Respondents were 1982 representatives of native small nations of the North and sakha.Purpose: revealing reflections of representatives of nation Sakha and native small nations of the North by the main demographic, family, reproductive and psychosocial aspects of the development of the Yakutian society in the early 21 century.Methodology: questionnaire.Results: trends of demographic, family, reproductive behavior of native nations and direction of migration flows are identified.Practical implications: can be used by scientists, politics and managers for the study, development of strategic and legal documents relating to the conservation and development of native nations of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-6-16

  5. Reforming the Welfare System in the People's Republic of China

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Mai Lu; Mingliang Feng

    2008-01-01

    This paper reviews the recent progress in welfare system reforms in the People's Republic of China and looks at the experiences of Japan and Republic of Korea in establishing their modern welfare systems...

  6. Health federalism: the role of health care professionals in Nepal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dulal, R K

    2009-01-01

    Nepal has entered from its unitary system into a new "Federal Democratic Republic State". The current constitution presents basic health care services as a fundamental right. The Ministry for Health and Population has been providing resources to meet health demands, but managers are wrestling to meet these demands. Persistent disparities between rural and urban and across regions resulted inferior health outcomes, e.g., life expectancy in an urban district like Bhaktapur is 71 years, whereas in the rural district of Mugu it is 44 years. The poor health and poor access to health care in the past systems prompted people to seek a different model. Ultimately, all political parties except one have agreed on federalism. The exact number of federal states that are going to be created is unknown. In federalism, all federated states have to assume certain relationships between the locality, the region, and the nation that apply not only in politics but in health care too. Managing changes in health care organization during the transitional period and after restructuring the unitary Nepal into federal states should be carefully planned. In case, if new system also fails to deliver necessary health care services, the possibility of igniting of dissatisfaction, public unrest and even disintegration cannot be ignored. In order to outline a structure and give life to a health care system under federalism, health care professionals need to engage themselves seriously.

  7. SEARCHES FOR METAL-POOR STARS FROM THE HAMBURG/ESO SURVEY USING THE CH G BAND

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Placco, Vinicius M.; Rossi, Silvia [Departamento de Astronomia-Instituto de Astronomia, Geofisica e Ciencias Atmosfericas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP 05508-090 (Brazil); Kennedy, Catherine R.; Beers, Timothy C.; Lee, Young Sun [Department of Physics and Astronomy and JINA (Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics), Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Christlieb, Norbert [Zentrum fuer Astronomie der Universitaet Heidelberg, Landessternwarte, Koenigstuhl 12, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Sivarani, Thirupathi [Indian Institute of Astrophysics, 2nd Block, Koramangala, Bangalore 560034 (India); Reimers, Dieter [Hamburger Sternwarte, Universitaet Hamburg, Gojenbergsweg 112, 21029 Hamburg (Germany); Wisotzki, Lutz, E-mail: vmplacco@astro.iag.usp.br [Astrophysical Institute Potsdam, An der Sternwarte 16, 14482 Potsdam (Germany)

    2011-12-15

    We describe a new method to search for metal-poor candidates from the Hamburg/ESO objective-prism survey (HES) based on identifying stars with apparently strong CH G-band strengths for their colors. The hypothesis we exploit is that large overabundances of carbon are common among metal-poor stars, as has been found by numerous studies over the past two decades. The selection was made by considering two line indices in the 4300 A region, applied directly to the low-resolution prism spectra. This work also extends a previously published method by adding bright sources to the sample. The spectra of these stars suffer from saturation effects, compromising the index calculations and leading to an undersampling of the brighter candidates. A simple numerical procedure, based on available photometry, was developed to correct the line indices and overcome this limitation. Visual inspection and classification of the spectra from the HES plates yielded a list of 5288 new metal-poor (and by selection, carbon-rich) candidates, which are presently being used as targets for medium-resolution spectroscopic follow-up. Estimates of the stellar atmospheric parameters, as well as carbon abundances, are now available for 117 of the first candidates, based on follow-up medium-resolution spectra obtained with the SOAR 4.1 m and Gemini 8 m telescopes. We demonstrate that our new method improves the metal-poor star fractions found by our pilot study by up to a factor of three in the same magnitude range, as compared with our pilot study based on only one CH G-band index. Our selection scheme obtained roughly a 40% success rate for identification of stars with [Fe/H] <-1.0; the primary contaminant is late-type stars with near-solar abundances and, often, emission line cores that filled in the Ca II K line on the prism spectrum. Because the selection is based on carbon, we greatly increase the numbers of known carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars from the HES with intermediate metallicities -2

  8. [Integrated care for patients with first and multiple episodes of severe psychotic illnesses: 3-year results of the Hamburg model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Martin; Schöttle, D; Ruppelt, F; Lüdecke, D; Sarikaya, G; Schulte-Markwort, M; Gallinat, J; Karow, A

    2015-04-01

    The so-called "Hamburg model" is a designated integrated care model according to § 140 of the Social Code Book (SGB) V for psychosis patients fulfilling the definition of severe mental illness (SMI). Description of the model and evaluation of efficacy of all patients being treated for ≥ 3 years. Service entry illness status, course of illness, and interventions were assessed within a continuous quality assurance study. One hundred and fifty-eight patients who fulfilled the criterion of being treated for ≥ 3 years were analyzed. At service entry, SMI were among others mirrored by a high level of psychopathology (Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale [BPRS]: 80.3) and severity of illness (Clinical Global Impression Severity [CGI-S]/Clinical Global Impression Bipolar scales [CGI-BP]: 5.8), low functioning level (Global Assessment of Functioning scale [GAF]: 35.9), and high rates of comorbid psychiatric (94.3 %) and somatic (81.6 %) disorders. Only 8 patients (5.1 %) disengaged from the service within the 3-year treatment period. The course of the illness over 3 years showed significant and stable improvements in psychopathology (BPRS: p < 0.001), the severity of illness (CGI-S/CGI-BP: p < 0.001), functioning (GAF: p < 0.001), quality of life (Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire [Q-LES-Q-18]: p < 0.001), and satisfaction with care (Client Satisfaction Questionnaire [CSQ-8]: 2.0 to 3.3; p = 0.164; nonsignificant because of early improvements). Further, compulsory admissions were reduced and medication adherence in addition to working ability improved (all p < 0.001). Data on interventions showed a continuously high frequency of outpatient interventions over time (on average 112.0 per year), a high percentage of patients in psychotherapy (67 %), and a nearly 90 % reduction in inpatient treatment days from year 1 to year 3. Integrated care in severely ill patients with psychotic disorders leads to multidimensional

  9. The effect of effort-reward imbalance on the health of childcare workers in Hamburg: a longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koch, Peter; Kersten, Jan Felix; Stranzinger, Johanna; Nienhaus, Albert

    2017-01-01

    The prevalence of effort-reward imbalance (ERI) among qualified childcare workers in Germany is currently estimated at around 65%. High rates of burnout and musculoskeletal symptoms (MS) have also been reported for this group. Previous longitudinal studies show inconsistent results with regard to the association between ERI and MS. As yet, no longitudinal studies have been conducted to investigate the association between ERI and burnout or MS in childcare workers. This study aims to investigate the extent to which a relationship between ERI and MS or burnout can be observed in childcare workers in Germany on a longitudinal basis. In 2014 childcare workers (N = 199, response rate: 57%) of a provider of facilities for children and youth in Hamburg were asked about stress and health effects in the workplace. Follow-up was completed one year later (N = 106, follow-up rate: 53%) For the baseline assessment, ERI was determined as the primary influencing factor. Data on MS was recorded using the Nordic questionnaire, and burnout using the personal burnout scale of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI). The statistical analysis was carried out using multivariate linear and logistic regression. At baseline ERI was present in 65% of the sample population. The mean burnout score at the time of follow-up was 53.7 (SD: 20.7); the prevalence of MS was between 19% and 62%. ERI was identified as a statistically significant factor for MS, after adjusting especially for physical stress (lower back: OR 4.2; 95% CI: 1.14 to 15.50, neck: OR 4.3; 95% CI: 1.25 to 15.0, total MS: OR 4.0; 95% CI: 1.20 to 13.49). With regard to burnout, a relative increase of 10% in the ERI ratio score increased the burnout score by 1.1 points (p = 0.034). ERI was revealed to be a major factor in relation to MS and burnout in childcare workers. Based on this observation worksite interventions on the individual and organizational level should be introduced in order to prevent ERI.

  10. The analysis of the state of foreign trade in the republic of Tuva on the 2011-2015 time period

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    Aygul M. Oorzhak

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article examines one of the most important topics in socioeconomic development of the Republic of Tuva — the region’s foreign trade. There is a marked lack of research on the current foreign trade turnover of Tuva. We used statistical data provided by the Agency for Foreign Economic Relations of the Republic of Tuva and the Siberian Customs Directorate of Federal Customs Service to analyze the foreign trade turnover and commodity structure of exports and imports for the years 2011-2015. The statistical data are presented in charts, showing the dynamics of the trends observed. In Tuva, imports exceed exports, with the main articles of export being minerals and foodstuffs, and those of import, machinery, equipment and vehicles. Despite the fact that the Republic of Tuva is a border region, its foreign trade is the smallest in the Siberian Federal district. In foreign trade turnover per capita (the indicator used by the World Bank to measure the openness of the global market, the economy of the Republic of Tuva is relatively closed. The factors hindering the development of foreign trade include the absence of railways and a small number of enterprises exporting competitive goods.

  11. Psychology Publication Issues in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOSEF ŠVANCARA

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present the current situation and the view of psychology publication policy in Czech Republic. The presentation provided a platform for discussion. It summarized sixth-century progress in the development of scientific language. The current publication situation in Psychology in the Czech Republic was described. The present article reports on the journals: Czechoslovak Psychology (Prague in comparison with the journal Studia psychologica (Bratislava, about their impact factors and citation indexes; Psychology in Economical Practice; E-Psychologie; Psychology Today; two proceedings: Annales Psychologici (Brno and Varia psychologica (Olomouc; News of the Czech-Moravian Psychological Society. In the Czech Republic, there seems to be a wish for the enlargement of the publication policy tailored to European perspectives; this is the challenge.

  12. Highly qualified in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Čuhlová

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to analyse the current situation of the highly qualified in the Czech Republic applying the ISCO qualification. Previous studies suggest that educational attainment has an important impact on labour market performance and national competitiveness. Data analyses approved that highly qualified workforce positively influences economic situation of the EU–15 Member States they work in. However, this hypothesis was disapproved for the EU–10+3 Member States joining the EU after 2004. The difference can be explained by the various stage in convergence process since some New Member States are still in transformation period. We positively appraise the significant growth of fraction of the highly qualified in the Czech Republic since 2004, especially in the major group Professionals involving the most qualified workforce. The same trend happened also for the highly qualified foreigners in the Czech Republic, however their attracting still remains a challenge.

  13. [How "representative" are SHI (statutory health insurance) data? Demographic and social differences and similarities between an SHI-insured population, the population of Lower Saxony, and that of the Federal Republic of Germany using the example of the AOK in Lower Saxony].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaunzeme, J; Eberhard, S; Geyer, S

    2013-03-01

    Using data obtained from a statutory health insurance (AOK) in the federal state of Lower Saxony, this study examined whether there were differences between the insured population compared with that of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) and of Germany with respect to social structural characteristics. Data for the comparisons were provided by the statistical office of Germany, and all datasets were coded according to the same criteria. The differences in gender distribution and age distribution between the AOK, Lower Saxony, and Germany were small. The share of employed individuals among the insured compared with those of Lower Saxony and Germany did not differ for males, but it was lower in women. In the insured population a higher proportion of individuals had lower qualification levels than in Lower Saxony or in Germany; the number of individuals with higher qualifications was, however, sufficient to permit statistical analyses. There were differences in the distributions of social structural characteristics between the health insurance population on the one hand and the populations of Lower Saxony and of Germany on the other. Due to the high number of cases, it is nevertheless possible to analyze associations between social structural variables, health impairments, and patterns of health care utilization.

  14. [Active and healthy living in old age--results from a representative survey of community-dwelling senior citizens in Hamburg].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dapp, Ulrike; Lorentz, Ch; Laub, S; Anders, J; von Renteln-Kruse, W; Minder, Ch; Dirksen-Fischer, M

    2009-06-01

    The majority of community-dwelling people 60 years and older are independent and live actively. However, there is little information about elderly persons' views on aging, health and health promotion. Therefore, an anonymous, written questionnaire survey was performed in a representative sample of inhabitants from a section of the city of Hamburg, 60 years and older; 5 year intervals, 14 subsamples according to 7 age groups of females and males. Questionnaires from 950 participants (29% response) could be evaluated: mean age 71.5 years, 58% women, 34% living alone, 5% with professional healthcare needs as indicated by status according to German nursing care insurance. Senior citizens' positive attitudes towards aging and health were predominant: 69% of respondents felt young, 85% worried about loss of autonomy in old age. The results provide evidence indicating potential for improving health-promoting lifestyles in parts of the older population by evaluating and strengthening older persons' competencies and by considering their concerns seriously. These results provide valuable information for future plans in the public-health sector in the city of Hamburg where particular health-promoting actions for elderly persons will be considered.

  15. Prevalence and genotypes of extended spectrum beta-lactamases in Enterobacteriaceae isolated from human stool and chicken meat in Hamburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belmar Campos, Cristina; Fenner, Ines; Wiese, Nicole; Lensing, Carmen; Christner, Martin; Rohde, Holger; Aepfelbacher, Martin; Fenner, Thomas; Hentschke, Moritz

    2014-07-01

    Chicken meat has been proposed to constitute a source for extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-carrying Enterobacteriaceae that colonize and infect humans. In this study the prevalence of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae in stool samples from ambulatory patients who presented in the emergency department of the University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf with gastrointestinal complains and in chicken meat samples from the Hamburg region were analysed and compared with respect to ESBL-genotypes, sequence types and antibiotic resistance profiles. Twenty-nine (4.1%) of 707 stool samples and 72 (60%) of 120 chicken meat samples were positive for ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae. The distribution of ESBL genes in the stool vs. chicken meat isolates (given as % of total isolates from stool vs. chicken meat) was as follows: CTX-M-15 (38% vs. 0%), CTX-M-14 (17% vs. 6%), CTX-M-1 (17% vs. 69%), SHV-12 (3% vs. 18%) and TEM-52 (3% each). Comparison of ESBL- and multilocus sequence type revealed no correlation between isolates of human and chicken. Furthermore, ESBL-producing E. coli from stool samples were significantly more resistant to fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides and/or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole than chicken isolates. The differences in ESBL-genotypes, sequence types and antibiotic resistance patterns indicate that in our clinical setting chicken meat is not a major contributor to human colonization with ESBL-carrying Enterobacteriaceae. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  16. The transforming perception of a regional geohazard between coastal defence and mediated discourse on global warming: Storm surges in Hamburg, Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neverla, I.; Lüthje, C.

    2010-03-01

    The term regional geohazard is used for a major geophysical risk which can lead to a natural disaster. The effects will be strictly located to a specific region. It is expected but still not proven that global warming will intensify weather extremes and thus the number of regional geohazards will increase. Regional geohazards are not dangerous per se, but from the perspective of human being certain weather and nature extremes are considered dangerous as they impose damage on human beings and their belongings. Therefore the media often call them ‘natural disaster’ and as a matter of fact it seems to be a ‘must’ - according to theory and practice of news selections - that media report on any natural disaster that occur in their region. Moreover, media even report on geohazards in any other region as soon as these events seem to have any general impact. The major geophysical risk along the coast of the North Sea is storm surges. A long list of historical disasters has deeply engraved the ubiquity of this hazard into the collective memory and habitus of the local population. Not only coastal region is concerned by this danger but also the megacity of Hamburg. Hamburg is the second-largest city in Germany and the sixth-largest city in the European Union. The Hamburg Metropolitan Region has more than 4.3 million inhabitants. The estuary of the river Elbe extends from Cuxhaven (coast) to Hamburg a distance of about 130 km. Hamburg has often been subject to storm surges with significant damages. But after the storm flood in 1855 for more than 100 years until 1962 no severe storm surge happened. The Big Flood in the night from February 16 to February 17 1962 destroyed the homes of about 60.000 people. The death toll amounted to 315 in the city of Hamburg, where the storm surge had a traumatic impact and was followed by political decisions driven by the believe in technological solutions. After 1962 massive investments into the coastal defence were made and dikes

  17. AG Queer Studies (Hg.: Verqueerte Verhältnisse. Intersektionale, ökonomiekritische und strategische Interventionen. Hamburg: Männerschwarm Verlag 2009.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinz-Jürgen Voß

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Der vorliegende Band enthält Beiträge zu den aktuell intensiv geführten Debatten um die Notwendigkeit einer deutlichen Positionierung von Queer Theorie zu Theorien der Ökonomiekritik und Intersektionalität. Dabei werden historische und aktuelle Beispiele herangezogen. Exzellent und besonders hervorzuheben sind die Aufsätze von Jin Haritaworn – ein anti-rassistischer Beitrag, der sich fundiert in aktuelle politische Queer-Auseinandersetzungen einmischt – sowie von Jo Bucher und Angelika Göres, die an einem zeitgeschichtlichen Beispiel queerende Momente des Widerstands herausarbeiten. Wie der vor acht Jahren erschienene erste Band der AG Queer Studies an der Hamburger Universität ist auch dieser für den deutschsprachigen Raum hochaktuell und wärmstens zu empfehlen.The volume at hand contains articles on the current and intense debate over the necessity of queer theory’s clear position in relation to theories of economic critique and intersectionality. It does so using historical and current examples. Essays deserving of special note include an article by Jin Haritaworn that engages in current queer political discussions and an article by Jo Bucher and Angelika Göres that highlights queer moments of resistance using a contemporary example. As was the case with the first volume of the AG Queer Studies at Hamburg University, published eight years ago, this volume is extremely current for the German-language market and is highly recommended.

  18. Accreditation processes in the Slovak Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murgas, M; West, D J; Rusnakova, V; Krcmery, V; Aaronson, W E

    1998-01-01

    This article provides a conceptual framework for understanding changes occurring in the accreditation process for institutions of higher learning in the Slovak Republic. Health sector transformation is occurring rapidly throughout the Central and Eastern European region as former socialist states are experimenting with market-oriented approaches. Educators and universities are playing an important role in the development of knowledge, skills and abilities of current and future health practitioners. Accreditation is viewed as an important process in the continuing development of quality health service management curricula and preparing competent practitioners for the health care field. Historical considerations are examined as well as future directions for accreditation in the Slovak Republic.

  19. The case of the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Since the collapse of the socialist system at the beginning of the 1990s, the health situation in the Czech Republic has improved more rapidly than in other CEE countries. Mortality from circulatory diseases decreased significantly at higher ages. The recent decline in mortality is likely to be attributable to technical progress in medical treatment and less affected by the change in lifestyle. While the use of cardiovascular drugs and the number of operations of invasive heart-surgery considerably improved, smoking and alcohol consumption have somewhat augmented at the same time. The recent favourable turnover has currently brought the Czech Republic a little closer to the European average.

  20. UKRAINIAN LABOUR MIGRATION IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC

    OpenAIRE

    Wadim STRIELKOWSKI; Hryshova, Inna Yuriivna

    2017-01-01

    Our paper sheds the new light on the existence of structural channels in pushing Ukrainian  migration along occupational lines to the Czech Republic. We argue that the integration of the Czech and Ukrainian construction sectors has generated international „channels‟ that enhance the process of labour migration from Ukraine to the Czech Republic. Our novel analysis is based on a unique dataset obtained via questionnaire surveys in Zakarpat‟ye region of Ukraine and multivariate models linking p...

  1. ACLED Country Report: Central African Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    unarmed civilians in CAR surpasses even that of the Democratic Republic of Congo . A contributing factor to the levels of violence is the weak...apparent effect, a second ceasefire agreement was signed in Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo , on 23rd July 2014 between the Séléka, the Anti-Balaka and...Rights Watch, 2014). This has led to reprisal attacks on the part of the Séléka, and targeting by both groups now frequent- ly focuses on the religion

  2. Radon in Dwellings in the Republic of Kalmykia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aakerblom, Gustav (Aakerblom och Aakerblom HP, Skaerholmen (Sweden)); German, Olga; Soederman, Ann-Louise (Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, Stockholm (Sweden)); Stamat, Ivan; Venkov, Vladimir (Research Inst. of Radiation Hygiene, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation))

    2009-02-15

    The National Radon Survey in the Republic of Kalmykia, Russian Federation during 2006-2007 was carried out in a cooperation project between the Swedish Radiation Protection Authority (SSI) and the Russian Institute of Radiation Hygiene (RIRH). In August 2006 SSI, RIRH, federal and local authorities carried out a field study in Kalmykia when radon daughter measurements (equilibrium equivalent radon concentrations in the air) and gamma radiation measurements were made in 103 buildings. Gamma spectrometry measurements were made at several sites. During the visit the cooperating parties devoted some time to the education of local authorities on radon related issues. During three months in the winter season 2006-2007, long term radon trace measurements were made in 525 randomly chosen dwellings in the Republic of Kalmykia. The radon gas activity varied between 3 and 973 Bq/m3, with a mean value of 122 Bq/m3. In 19 of a total of 835 measurement points, the radon activity exceeded the maximum permitted value in Russia of 200 Bq/m3 of EERC. The year-round radon trace measurement were made in 20 houses in Elista, the capital of the Republic of Kalmykia, for comparison with the three-month measurements. The year-round measurements showed some higher values for the radon activity, and a correction factor of 0.85 was applied. Using data on the number of people living in detached houses and apartments, and applying the radon activities measured, the number of new lung cancer cases caused by radon was calculated to be 20 to 40 of the 100 new cases reported annually. The methods of construction of the dwellings in Kalmykia is greatly influenced by the history and culture. Most of them were built after World War II and there are only a few that are newly built because of the poor economic situation and the low population growth rate in the Republic. Most people live in detached houses, one-storied with 3-5 rooms, built directly on the ground or on coquina blocks or on a cast

  3. Reconstruction of Past Climatic Variability

    Science.gov (United States)

    1976-03-01

    S. Dean, TRL Jaan Terasmae, Brock Univ., St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada John Yu, TRL Klaus Brehme, formerly Universität Hamburg, Federal Republic...T.P. HARLAN 6 K. SCHWAB riARK PEAK SADDLE AZ USA 1B9540 PSME’ 82 3241N 10959W 26a2M 33aY 1630:1967 18C SR

  4. The Migration Phenomenon in Republic of Moldova

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Neacsu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Migration is a phenomenon which experienced an unprecedented scale in the last twenty years. The socio-geo-political and economic changes which took place in Europe after 1990 led to an influx of people from east to west. Most often those who left their countries came from among the former socialist countries. This paper is a continuation of a study published last year entitled “Employment of Labor Force in Albania and Moldova - Evolution and Trends” in which was made a” snapshot “of the labor situation in the two countries aspiring to accede to the European Union. In this paper, we focused on the Republic of Moldova as Romania’s neighbor, followed by a future study to address the phenomenon of migration in Albania. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the phenomenon of migration from the Republic of Moldova and its immediate consequences upon Romania and the European Union. The hypothesis from which we started this study is that: Romania, as a friend and neighbor country of the Republic of Moldova, attracts a large number of Moldovan citizens who become full citizens, Romanian or of other nationalities in the EU. The study was conducted during 2001-2010 and was based on: the census in Moldova in 2004 (last done in this country, information from the National Bureau of Statistics of the Republic of Moldova, the statistical database respectively, and information processed from the Romanian Statistical Yearbook 2008.

  5. African Journals Online: Syrian Arab Republic

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Self-Pay, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain ...

  6. African Journals Online: Central African Republic

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Self-Pay, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain ...

  7. African Journals Online: Slovakia (Slovak Republic)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Self-Pay, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sint Maarten (Dutch part), Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Spain ...

  8. Grey Literature in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Pejšová, Petra; Pfeiferová, Martina

    2008-01-01

    Contribution summarizes activities concerning grey literature in the Czech Republic. Contribution describes relationships between systems/projects collecting grey literature and position grey literature in the Czech Digital Library. Contribution is especially focused on a project “The Digital Library for Grey Literature –Functional Model and Pilot Implementation”, which solves the State Technical Library.

  9. English Teaching Profile: Yemen Arab Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    British Council, London (England). English Language and Literature Div.

    A description of the role and status of the English language in the Yemen Arab Republic begins with a general statement concerning the distribution of English speakers and the use of English language materials. Subsequent sections outline: (1) the use and status of English within the educational system at all levels, including teacher education;…

  10. Gravimetric maps of the Central African Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albouy, J.; Godivier, R. (Principal Investigator)

    1982-01-01

    Gravimetric maps of the Central African Republic are described including a map of Bouguer anomalies at 1/1,000,000 in two sections (eastern sheet, western sheet) and a map, in color, of Bouguer anomalies at 1/2,000,000. Instrumentation, data acquisition, calibration, and data correction procedures are discussed.

  11. Education and the Arts in Plato's "Republic."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blankenship, J. David

    1996-01-01

    The principles that underlie the education in music and painting described in Plato's "Republic" constitute a theory of the role of the arts in moral education that can be applied in other contexts, including contemporary education. Also explored is Plato's view of the influence of poetry on those not educated in Socrates' system. (SLD)

  12. OECD Reviews of School Resources: Slovak Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santiago, Paulo; Halász, Gábor; Levacic, Rosalind; Shewbridge, Claire

    2016-01-01

    This report for the Slovak Republic forms part of the OECD Review of Policies to Improve the Effectiveness of Resource Use in Schools. The purpose of the Review is to explore how school resources can be governed, distributed, utilised and managed to improve the quality, equity and efficiency of school education. School resources are understood in…

  13. [Selenium content in human in Sakha Republic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golubkina, N A; Senkevich, O A; Kekina, E G

    2009-01-01

    Sakha Republic is considered to be endemic selenium deficient and poorly investigated region. Analysis of selenium in human sera, hair and nails revealed strongly decreased values. Low selenium concentrations were registered also in meat of domestic animals, fresh-water fish, mushrooms weight, agaricus campester. The possibility of the human selenium content improvement is discussed via import of grain with high selenium concentration.

  14. Organic food market in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iva Živělová

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The contribution provides partial results of the research focused on organic food, a product from organic farming. The total area of ecologically farmed areas in the Czech Republic permanently increases, however the offer of organic food is insufficient, in particular in view of their structure. Deficiency in organic food is being solved by imports. Distributors play an important role in the organic food market. In the Czech Republic the largest share from them is occupied by retail chains. Their share continues to grow to the detriment of other sales channels. One of the main factors affecting consumers’ interest in organic food is its price. The comparison of organic food prices and prices of conventional food in the selected retail chains, Globus Czech Republic, limited partnership, SPAR Czech business company Pte., Tesco Stores CZ JSC, AHOLD Czech Republic JSC, BILLA Pte., and in organic food and healthy nutrition stores showed significantly higher prices. The smallest difference in prices can be monitored in the milk and milk products. On the contrary, the largest difference is in fruits, vegetables, eggs and jams. However, the consumers’ awareness of organic food quality is at the same time increasing and the consumers are willing to pay for them a higher price.

  15. Working in the People's Republic of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schnulle, Linda

    Primarily the result of observations made during an eighteen-day tour of the People's Republic of China (conducted by Professor Eugene Gilliom at Ohio State University), this paper examines working conditions and attitudes toward work in China. Focus in the first half of the paper is on motivation to work in China and how it differs from U.S.…

  16. Federalism, Agenda Setting, and the Dynamics of Federal Education Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manna, Paul

    This paper is part of a larger project on agenda setting in the U.S. federal system and the development of the federal education agenda since 1965. Two questions motivate the paper, one theoretical and the other empirical: (1) how does federalism affect the federal agenda?; and (2) what explains the development of federal involvement in K-12…

  17. An electro-optical timing diagnostic for pump-probe experiments at the free-electron laser in Hamburg FLASH

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azima, Armin

    2009-07-15

    Femtosecond pump-probe experiments have extensively been used to follow atomic and molecular motion in time. The very intense extreme ultraviolet XUV light of the Free electron LASer in Hamburg FLASH facility allows to investigate fundamental processes such as direct one or few photon inner shell ionizations. A supplementary Ti:Sapphire near infrared femtosecond laser system allows to perform two-color pump-probe experiments with FLASH involving intense laser fields of hugely different photon energies. Within this work a bunch arrival measurement system has been built, which assists these two-color pump-probe experiments to reduce the temporal jitter of FLASH and to increase the temporal resolution. The diagnostic is based upon an electro-optical detection scheme and measures the relative arrival time between the Ti:Sapphire femtosecond pulse and the electron bunch, which generates the self-amplified by stimulated emission SASE XUV pulse in the undulator section of FLASH. Key feature of the diagnostic is a 150 m long glass fiber pulse transport line, which inflicts non-linear dispersion. A dispersion control system to compensate for this higher order dispersion has been developed including the control and programming of a spatial light phase modulator. It was possible to transport a 90 fs FWHM short near infrared femtosecond laser pulse Fourier limited by the dispersion compensated glass fiber. The electro-optical signal induced by the FLASH electron bunch was generated, characterized and optimized. The signal features beside the designated bunch arrival timing capability the additional possibility to measure the longitudinal electron bunch density distribution of an arbitrary bunch of FLASH in a single shot with a temporal resolution of below 100 fs RMS. Timing and bunch analysis capabilities of the developed diagnostic have been cross-checked with other comparable diagnostics at FLASH like the transversal deflecting cavity structure named LOLA. Finally, the

  18. [Evaluation of family doctor-centred health care in Germany based on AOK Rheinland/Hamburg claims data].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klora, Mike; Zeidler, Jan; May, Melanie; Raabe, Nils; von der Schulenburg, J-Matthias Graf

    2017-02-01

    Health insurance funds in Germany are obliged to offer family doctor-centred health care models (Hausarztzentrierte Versorgung, "HzV"). The participation is voluntary for the insured persons. Participants agree to utilise outpatient specialist care only if their family doctor or general practitioner ("gatekeeper") refers them to a specialist. The aim of this programme is to both strengthen the role of general practitioners and to avoid unnecessary specialist visits and double examinations. Moreover, the quality of care should increase and costs decrease. There is a controversial debate among health politicians whether these objectives can be achieved with current HzV contracts. Therefore, the aim of this project was to conduct an economic evaluation of family doctor-centred health care compared with the standard of care. The analysis covered continuously insured adult HzV participants, who have been enrolled in the contract offered by a large German sickness fund (AOK Rheinland/Hamburg) since 2011. In addition, the analysis contained data of a control group which was three times larger than the intervention group. Logistic regression analysis with relevant characteristics (social demographics, health care utilisation, cost, and Charlson Comorbidity Index) of participants and non-participants was conducted to assess the likelihood of participation in the HzV contract. With the subsequent propensity score matching, differences in the characteristics between the control and the intervention group were compensated for the base year 2010 in order to be able to evaluate the influence of the HzV contract in subsequent years. Study objectives were to analyse differences in costs as well as utilisation of services between HzV participants and the control group. The intervention group consisted of 25,201 HzV participants with an average age of 49.5 years [SD: 17.9]. 54.4% of them were female. The HzV participants showed significantly higher costs compared to the control

  19. The school and the Republic: the State and national educational policies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cynthia Greive Veiga

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the restructuring of the elementary school in Brazil in the first decades of the Republic as a social-political process that integrated the tension between State policies and the development of nationalism. It was found that the demand for the effective participation of government in the fight against illiteracy and the expansion of the elementary school as condition for the exercise of democracy were part of the crises of federalism in Brazil in parallel with the growth of ationalism.

  20. Republic of Botswana. Country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarver, J

    1985-08-01

    A summary of Botswana's population characteristics, population distribution, labor force characteristics, health situation, and transportation and communication facilities is provided. 87% of the country's 941,027 inhabitants live in the catchment area of the Limpopo River in the eastern region of the country. Much of the remaining area is covered by the Kalahari Desert. The population is growing at an annual rate of 3.6%, the birth rate is 50 and the total fertility rate is 6.6. The government has no official population policy. Major ethnic groups are the cattle raising Tswanas, which make up 50% of the population, the Herero, and the Basarwa, or Bushmen, of the Kalahri Desert. Urban areas are officially defined as population centers which contain 5000 or more residents and in which at least 75% of the inhabitants are engaged in nonagricultural work. According to this classification, 84% of the population is rural; however, most rural inhabitants live in agrotowns and temporarily move to outlying cattle and land posts during part of the year. Some of the agrotowns have almost 25,000 inhabitants. Major urban centers include 1) Gaborone, the capital and major administrative center, with a popualtion of 59,657; 2) Francistown, a large commercial center, with a population of 31,065; 3) Selebi-Phikwe, a mining center, populated by 29,469; and 4) Lobatse, a livestock marketing and processing center, with 19,034 residents. The urban population increased from 54,416 to 150,021 between 1971-81. The population has a young age structure. A large number of working aged males migrate temporarily to the Republic of South Africa to work in the gold mines. 37% of the economically active population is engaged in government services, 26% in mining, manufacturing, and construction, 21% in trade and finance, 6% in transportation, utilities, and communication, and 4.5% in agriculture. Only 1.3% of the land is cultivatable. The working age population is expected to double by the end of

  1. Determination of gamma radiation dose to the destruction of Escherichia coli O157: H7 in hamburger;Determinacao da dose de radiacao gama para a destruicao de Escherichia coli O157:H7 em hamburguer bovino

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orejuela Chirinos, Rodolfo Raul

    1999-07-01

    Escherichia coli O157:H7 has been incriminated in several foodborne outbreaks due to the consumption of different kinds of foods. Among these, hamburgers are the most common. Irradiation process is an effective method for food preservation because it causes no significant change in organoleptic and nutritional food characteristics and destroys pathogens and spoilage microorganisms. Hamburgers and nutrient broth inoculated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 were submitted to gamma irradiation ({sup 60}Co) treatment, with doses ranging from 0,0 to 0,7 kGy in order to calculate the D{sub 10} for this bacteria in these substrate. The D{sub 10} for the pathogen nutrient broth ranged from 0.08 kGy to 0.10 kGy and in hamburger from 0.11 kGy to 0.21 kGy. Considering the highest D{sub 10} value in hamburger, a dose of 0,8 kGy would not change the sensorial characteristics of the product, and would reduce the population of E. coli O157:H7 in 4 cycles logarithmic. (author)

  2. New Mexico Federal Lands

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This map layer consists of federally owned or administered lands of the United States, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Only areas of 640 acres or more are...

  3. ACA Federal Upper Limits

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Affordable Care Act Federal Upper Limits (FUL) based on the weighted average of the most recently reported monthly average manufacturer price (AMP) for...

  4. Federal Ballpark Estimator

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — The Federal Ballpark E$timate(R) was developed by the Employee Benefit Research Institute(R) and its American Savings Education Council(R) (ASEC(R)) program. It is...

  5. 75 FR 13421 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2008-036, Trade Agreements-Costa Rica, Oman, and Peru

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-19

    ... 9000-AL23 Federal Acquisition Regulation; FAR Case 2008-036, Trade Agreements--Costa Rica, Oman, and... Republic--Central America-- United States Free Trade Agreement with respect to Costa Rica, the United... rule added Costa Rica, Oman, and Peru to the definition of ``Free Trade Agreement country''. The rule...

  6. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Europe & Latin America, Brazil: Selections from the 1987 Federal S&T Budget.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-02-24

    TECHNOLOGY EUROPE & LATIN AMERICA BRAZIL: SELECTIONS FROM THE 1987 FEDERAL S&T BUDGET [Brasilia MINISTERIO DA CIENCIA E TECNOLOGIA : CIENCIA & TECNOLOGIA ... administration 29 Presidency of the Republic 29 . National Security Council 29 . Armed Forces Staff 31 Ministry of Aeronautics 33 . Ministry of...Office 56 . General Secretariat 56 . Secretariat of Internal Control 58 . Security and Intelligence Division 58 . Administration Department

  7. Contemporary Youth Identity in the Republic of Tuva, Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Zeahan Leung

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Youth of ethnic Tuvan heritage within the Tuvan Republic (part of the Russian Federation aged 6 to 24 represent a dynamic force which has been shaped by two factors. One is the ancient Turkic heritage of Tuvan culture. Contemporary Tuvans, including youth, display both Russian and Tuvan nationalist feelings, admire martial culture and explore their cultural uniqueness. They hold in high esteem contact sports, especially martial arts such as sambo or judo. Tuvan athletes successfully compete for Russia at international events, including the Olympics. The current Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation is half-Tuvan and extremely popular in the republic, where people see him as nothing short of a national hero. At the same time, young multi-lingual Tuvans, who also speak Russian, and, with access to foreign language education, Korean and English, are being influenced by mediums and through technologies that are international like never before. A special focus is made on the impact of East Asian pop-culture, specifically that of South Korea. Tuva is located in Asia’s geographical center, and is a place where for many centuries Tibetan Buddhism coexisted with Shamanism. Thus, Tuvans strongly identify themselves with Asian culture. They tend to believe in metempsychosis and often tell those who take interest in Tuvan culture that they were Tuvans in their past lives. In their view, Tuvan language has preserved the features of “original” Turkic. These and many other ideas and beliefs show that historical facts and myths are closely intertwined within Tuvan identity. Studying and speaking foreign languages helps prioritize the positive outlook in Tuvan youth, who eagerly study both English and Eastern languages.   In working with Tuvan youth, I was able to teach through games and informal conversation. I was able to meet community leaders who use language to foster lasting change in children’s perception of themselves, as an attempt to

  8. Integrated vs. Federated Search

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løvschall, Kasper

    2009-01-01

    Oplæg om forskelle og ligheder mellem integrated og federated search i bibliotekskontekst. Holdt ved temadag om "Integrated Search - samsøgning i alle kilder" på Danmarks Biblioteksskole den 22. januar 2009.......Oplæg om forskelle og ligheder mellem integrated og federated search i bibliotekskontekst. Holdt ved temadag om "Integrated Search - samsøgning i alle kilder" på Danmarks Biblioteksskole den 22. januar 2009....

  9. Point of Care Tools im Vergleich des Universitätsklinikums Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE: UpToDate, ClinicalResource@Ovid/Clin-eguide und Dynamed / Point of Care Tools in comparison at the University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf: UpToDate, ClinicalResource@Ovid and Dynamed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menn, Elke

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Point of Care Tools are used for clinical decision making – UpToDate is also used in continuing medical education. These databases compile only evidence-based knowledge which is updated regularly. Using Point of Care Tools promises to improve clinical outcomes. UpToDate has been used at the University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf for the last four years. In a recent trial the use of ClinicalResource@Ovid/Clin-eguide and Dynamed has been evaluated in comparison with UpToDate.

  10. EVALUATION OF FOOD SELF-SUFFICIENCY OF THE REPUBLIC OF TATARSTAN DISTRICTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. E. Mansurov

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the author's method for estimation of the level of food self-sufficiency for the main types of food products in the regions of Republic of Tatarstan. The proposed method is based on the use of analytical methods and mathematical comparative analysis to compose a final rating. The proposed method can be used in the system of regional management of agro-industrial complex on the federal and local level. Relevance. The relevance of this work is caused by on the one hand a hardening of foreign policy that may negatively impact on national food security, and on the other hand the state crisis of the domestic agricultural sector. All this requires the development of new approaches to regional agribusiness management. Goal. To develop a methodology is used to assess the level of food self-sufficiency. To rate the level of self-sufficiency in main types of foodstuff in regions of Republic of Tatarstan. Materials and Methods. Statistical data of the results of the AIC of the Republic of Tatarstan for 2016 was used for the study. Analytical methods, including mathematical analysis and comparison were used. Results. Based on the analysis of the present situation for ensuring of food security in Russia it was shown that now it is necessary to develop effective indicators identifying the level of self-sufficiency in basic food regions. It was also revealed that there are no such indicators in system of regional agrarian and industrial complex at present time. As a result of analysis existing approaches the author's method of rating the level of self-sufficiency of regions was offered. This method was adopted on the example of the Republic of Tatarstan. Conclusions. The proposed method of rating estimation of self-sufficiency for basic foodstuffs can be used in the regional agroindustrial complex management system at the federal and local level. It can be used to rank areas in terms of their self-sufficiency for basic foodstuffs. This

  11. Federal Guidance for Radiation Protection

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA produces federal guidance technical reports, which standardize dose and risk assessment and issues radiation protection guidance to federal agencies. This page provides links to federal guidance policy recommendations and technical reports.

  12. MRSA Prevalence and Risk Factors among Health Personnel and Residents in Nursing Homes in Hamburg, Germany – A Cross-Sectional Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Claudia; Dulon, Madeleine; Kleinmüller, Olaf; Nienhaus, Albert; Schablon, Anja

    2017-01-01

    Introduction The increase of multidrug-resistant organisms in hospitals causes problems in nursing homes. Staff in geriatric nursing homes are at greater risk of MRSA colonisation. The aim of the study was to describe the occupational exposure to MRSA among health personnel in geriatric nursing. Methods A point prevalence survey was conducted among health personnel and residents of geriatric nursing homes within the greater Hamburg district. Nasal swabs and, where relevant, wound swabs were collected for the screening survey. Risk factors for MRSA colonisation were identified by means of a questionnaire and using the files held on the residents. Where tests on nursing staff were positive, a control swab was taken; when the results were confirmed positive, decolonisation was performed. The responsible general practitioners were notified of positive MRSA findings among residents. A molecular biological examination of the MRSA samples was performed. Results A total of 19 institutions participated in the study. Nasal swabs were taken from 759 nursing staff and 422 residents. Prevalence of MRSA was 1.6% among staff and 5.5% among residents. MRSA colonisation among health personnel indicated a correlation with male gender (OR 4.5, 95% CI 1.4–14.1). Among the residents, chronic skin diseases (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.0–10.3) and indwelling devices (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.2–8.1) were identified as risk factors. No link between MRSA in residents and in health personnel could be established. Conclusion The number of MRSA colonisations among nursing staff and residents of geriatric nursing homes in Hamburg was rather low at 1.6% and 5.5% respectively and equates to the results of other surveys in non-outbreak scenarios. PMID:28068356

  13. MRSA Prevalence and Risk Factors among Health Personnel and Residents in Nursing Homes in Hamburg, Germany - A Cross-Sectional Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Claudia; Dulon, Madeleine; Kleinmüller, Olaf; Nienhaus, Albert; Schablon, Anja

    2017-01-01

    The increase of multidrug-resistant organisms in hospitals causes problems in nursing homes. Staff in geriatric nursing homes are at greater risk of MRSA colonisation. The aim of the study was to describe the occupational exposure to MRSA among health personnel in geriatric nursing. A point prevalence survey was conducted among health personnel and residents of geriatric nursing homes within the greater Hamburg district. Nasal swabs and, where relevant, wound swabs were collected for the screening survey. Risk factors for MRSA colonisation were identified by means of a questionnaire and using the files held on the residents. Where tests on nursing staff were positive, a control swab was taken; when the results were confirmed positive, decolonisation was performed. The responsible general practitioners were notified of positive MRSA findings among residents. A molecular biological examination of the MRSA samples was performed. A total of 19 institutions participated in the study. Nasal swabs were taken from 759 nursing staff and 422 residents. Prevalence of MRSA was 1.6% among staff and 5.5% among residents. MRSA colonisation among health personnel indicated a correlation with male gender (OR 4.5, 95% CI 1.4-14.1). Among the residents, chronic skin diseases (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.0-10.3) and indwelling devices (OR 3.2, 95% CI 1.2-8.1) were identified as risk factors. No link between MRSA in residents and in health personnel could be established. The number of MRSA colonisations among nursing staff and residents of geriatric nursing homes in Hamburg was rather low at 1.6% and 5.5% respectively and equates to the results of other surveys in non-outbreak scenarios.

  14. GeoInt: the first macroseismic intensity database for the Republic of Georgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varazanashvili, O.; Tsereteli, N.; Bonali, F. L.; Arabidze, V.; Russo, E.; Pasquaré Mariotto, F.; Gogoladze, Z.; Tibaldi, A.; Kvavadze, N.; Oppizzi, P.

    2018-01-01

    Our work is intended to present the new macroseismic intensity database for the Republic of Georgia—hereby named GeoInt—which includes earthquakes from the historical (from 1250 B.C. onwards) to the instrumental era. Such database is composed of 111 selected earthquakes and related 3944 intensity data points (IDPs) for 1509 different localities, reported in the Medvedev-Sponheuer-Karnik scale (MSK). Regarding the earthquakes, the M S is in the 3.3-7 range and the depth is in the 2-36 km range. The entire set of IDPs is characterized by intensities ranging from 2-3 to 9-10 and covers an area spanning from 39.508° N to 45.043° N in a N-S direction and from 37.324° E to 48.500° E in an E-W direction, with some of the IDPs located outside the Georgian border, in the (i) Republic of Armenia, (ii) Russian Federation, (iii) Republic of Turkey, and (iv) Republic of Azerbaijan. We have revised each single IDP and have reevaluated and homogenized intensity values to the MSK scale. In particular, regarding the whole set of 3944 IDPs, 348 belong to the Historical era (pre-1900) and 3596 belong to the instrumental era (post-1900). With particular regard to the 3596 IDPs, 105 are brand new (3%), whereas the intensity values for 804 IDPs have been reevaluated (22%); for 2687 IDPs (75%), intensities have been confirmed from previous interpretations. We introduce this database as a key input for further improvements in seismic hazard modeling and seismic risk calculation for this region, based on macroseismic intensity; we report all the 111 earthquakes with available macroseismic information. The GeoInt database is also accessible online at http://www.enguriproject.unimib.it and will be kept updated in the future.

  15. Transparency of Shareholders in the Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jindřiška Šedová

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The recodification of commercial and civil law in the Czech Republic has resulted in a new concept for the legislation relating to securities. Significant changes have also been made to the legislation covering shares. The new legislation concerns not only the actual form of shares, but also their circulation. The aim of this article is to highlight the most important changes in the legislation relating to bearer shares, especially bearer shares in paper form, and to assess these changes from the viewpoint of their impact on the transparency of joint stock companies and uncontrolled circulation of shares. This assessment will be based on an appraisal of the importance of bearer shares for capital business in the Czech Republic and the effects the new legislation is expected to bring about. The article will also consider possible alternatives in the behavior of shareholders (investors who prefer to remain anonymous.

  16. Federalism and Health Care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Alan Tarr

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available President Barack Obama proposed a major overhaul of the American healthsystem, and in 2010 the U.S. Congress enacted his proposal, the PatientProtection and Affordable Care Act. Opponents of the Act challenged itsconstitutionality in federal court, claiming that it exceeds the powers grantedto the federal government under the Commerce Clause and the NecessaryProper Clause of the federal Constitution. Some courts have upheldthe law, but others have agreed with the critics, in particular ruling thatthe provision requiring citizens to buy health insurance is unconstitutional.Eventually the U.S. Supreme Court will rule on the issue. This article tracesthe controversy, surveys the interpretation of pertinent constitutional provisionsin past cases, analyzes the constitutional arguments presented byproponents and opponents of the Act, and concludes that the Act is constitutional.

  17. TAX EXPENDITURES IN THE DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

    OpenAIRE

    Glenn Jenkins; Chun-Yan Kuo

    2004-01-01

    This paper takes a broad approach in the sense that only the fundamental structure elements of each tax system are considered as part of the benchmark tax system. Moreover, this paper will go beyond the traditional tax expenditure reporting by taking into account an ideal tax system with minor distortions as part of the benchmark. Because of having an ideal tax system as a norm, the report makes some judgments about the appropriateness of the ideal tax structure in the Dominican Republic and ...

  18. Online Buying Behaviour In The Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Pilík, Michal

    2014-01-01

    The paper deals with the Internet and its impact on online shopping behaviour of customers in the Czech Republic. A large part of Czech population has already shopped online. Customers view it as a quick and convenient shopping where they can save money. But what are the other factors that influence their shopping behaviour? This paper tries to find the answer to this question. Each customer is an individual therefore models of customer behaviour often cannot be generalized, particularly not ...

  19. Floods and migration in the Czech Republic

    OpenAIRE

    Stojanov, R.; Kelman, I.; Duží, B. (Barbora)

    2015-01-01

    Residents’ strategies are generally aimed at either protection from or adaptation to flooding. Large-scale migration from the floodplains of rivers has not been seriously considered, even in high-risk zones. The Czech Republic is of particular interest in the European context due to several recent flooding disasters which were national emergencies, including in 1997, 2002, 2006, 2010 and 2013. Weather extremes and climate variability are not the sole causes of floods in Central Europe. Ot...

  20. Fournier'S gangrene in cotonou, benin republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avakoudjo, Dgj; Natchagandé, G; Hounnasso, Pp; Gandaho, Ki; Hodonou, F; Tore-Sanni, R; Agounkpé, Mm; Paré, Ak

    2013-01-01

    Gangrene of the male genitalia called Fournier's gangrene is not an uncommon surgical condition in the urological service at Cotonou, Benin Republic; it is associated with high mortality and morbidity. This is a retrospective, descriptive study conducted at the Teaching Clinic of Urology and Andrology at the National and Hospitable Center CNHU- Hubert Koutoukou MAGA in Cotonou, Benin Republic. The study is on patients managed for Fournier's gangrene from January 2002 to December 2012. The demographics, clinical presentation, management and outcome were recorded in a proforma and the data obtained were analyzed using SPSS 10.0 software. Fournier's gangrene represented 1.8% of hospitalizations with an annual average of 5 cases. The mean age was 52 years with range of 21 - 85 years. 77.7% of patients were 40 - 59 years and; while 22.3% were 60 years and above. About 28% had a predisposing factor (diabetis, HIV, leukaemia, high blood pressure). Etiological factors were urogenital (42.5%), anorectal (22.5%), and cutaneous (17.5%). In 17.5% of cases, no etiologic factor was found. The diagnosis was clinically obvious because of late presentation, 95% of patients were admitted in the acute phase. Fournier's gangrene mostly affects young males and the diagnosis was clinical. It is a disease with high morbidity and mortality in Benin Republic.

  1. President of the Slovak Republic visits CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Caroline Duc

    2012-01-01

    On 11 September 2012, the President of the Slovak Republic, Ivan Gašparovič, visited CERN accompanied by the First Lady and a delegation of 67, including the Deputy Prime Minister, the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Economy and the Ambassadors of the Slovak Republic to Switzerland, France and the Office of the United Nations. The visit by representatives of the Slovak Republic follows the Slovak Republic’s hosting of the CERN Accelerator School in the region of Bratislava. After being welcomed to CERN in the morning by CERN Director-General Rolf Heuer, the members of the Slovak government were given the opportunity to get a glimpse of the LHC and to visit the ALICE experiment at Point 2. The President and other members of the Slovak delegation then met representatives of Slovak universities and industries at an exhibition of their work in the hall of Building 500. The President then briefly spoke to Slovak journalists and signed the VIP visitors book. The visit last...

  2. Empire vs. Federation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gravier, Magali

    2011-01-01

    The article discusses the concepts of federation and empire in the context of the European Union (EU). Even if these two concepts are not usually contrasted to one another, the article shows that they refer to related type of polities. Furthermore, they can be used at a time because they shed light...... on different and complementary aspects of the European integration process. The article concludes that the EU is at the crossroads between federation and empire and may remain an ‘imperial federation’ for several decades. This could mean that the EU is on the verge of transforming itself to another type...

  3. 75 FR 29744 - Federal Pell Grant, Federal Perkins Loan, Federal Work-Study, Federal Supplemental Educational...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-27

    ... for a two- worker family compared to a one-worker family for food away from home, apparel... a one-worker family for food away from home, apparel, transportation, and household furnishings and... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION...

  4. Energy policy and federalism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thur, L.M. (ed.)

    1981-04-01

    Separate abstracts are prepared for six papers presented as the product of an international seminar on Energy Policy and Federalism in North America. Specially commissioned papers for the seminar are presented along with a summary of the discussions. The summary appears in English, French, and Spanish; the other papers are in English. (MCW)

  5. RUSSIAN LANGUAGE EDUCATION STRATEGY HOW TO TEACH CHINESE STUDENTS IN THE SOCIAL AND CULTURAL SPACE OF REPUBLIC OF SAKHA (YAKUTIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakhaya Nurgunovna Alexandrova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents main problems of the studying Russian as foreign to Chinese students in the social and cultural space of republic of Sakha (Yakutia. There are specific difficulties of learning Chinese students and ways of solving problems. The conclusion is that we need to have a deeper understanding of Chinese education, national culture and mentality in the Russian language teaching system. We also search for the new methods as a way of better training Chinese students in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia.Purpose. By researching trends and features in the method of Russian as foreign teaching and based on the study of theoretical literature develop our own system of forms of training Russian as foreign in the social and cultural space of republic of Sakha (Yakutia.Methodology. The main methods we used: theoretic-linguistic method, sociological and pedagogical method and also methods of analysis, comparisons, generalizations, system approach.Results. There have been made a conclusion that at the present of development Russian as foreign teaching system we need some new approaches of teaching Chinese students in the region. There is necessary to know individual and ethno-psychological features of Chinese students. The main prerequisite is competence approach as a necessary part of educational process.Practical implications. These studies can be used in the teaching process at the North-Eastern Federal University in Department of Russian as foreign or in other national regions of Russian Federation.

  6. Republic of Venezuela. Country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hakkert, R

    1985-06-01

    Venezuela's current economic and demographic situation is described. Venezuela is a major oil country, and the oil industry accounts for 90% of the country's foreign exchange, 70% of the government's revenues, and 15% of the gross domestic product. The economy experienced a sudden and high rate of economic growth in the mid-1970s as a result of high oil prices; however, in recent years, declining oil prices have had a negative effect on the economy. The country is now faced with a serious trade deficit, and the government recently imposed restrictions on imports. Imports in recently years had increased markedly. The emphasis on the oil industry weakened the agricultural sector and, as a result, food imports increased. In addition, the rapid economic growth experienced during the 1970s greatly increased the demand for imported consumer goods. Venezuela has the 4th highest foreign debt in the world (US$35 billion). Despite these problems Venezuela has a relatively high per capita income (US$4,140) and living standard, compared to other countries in the region. Venezuela's total population is 14.6 million, and the population is unevenly distributed. 86% of the population lives in cities of 2500 or more. 37.4% of the population and 70% of the industry is concentrated in the Federal District which contains Caracas, and in the surrounding states of Aragua, Miranda, and Carabobo. This area constitutes only 2.36% of the country's territory. Most of the oil fields are located in the state of Zulia which also contains the country's 2nd largest city (Maracaibo). The country's coastal area contains most of the agricultural lands, and the prairies just south of the coastal mountain ranges are devoted primarily to cattle raising. The remaining 58.2% of the country's territory is essentially jungle and contains only 6.9% of the country's population. The annual population growth rate is 3.11%. Although the rate declined in recent years it is higher than in most of the other

  7. Republic of Austria. Country profile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newcomb, L C

    1985-07-01

    A summary description of Austria's demographic situation, economic conditions, labor force characteristics, housing conditions, household characteristics, and marriage patterns is provided. Austria, the former center of the Hapsburg Empire, covers 32,375 square miles and is divided into 9 provinces, including Vienna, the federal capital. Austria's population increased from 6.9 million in 1950 to 7.6 million in 1980. Since 1980 it declined slightly and in 1985 it was estimated to be 7,487,000. Between 1961-81, the industrial, western region of the country grew more rapidly than the predominantly rural eastern section of the country. Vienna, the largest city in the country, experienced a decline in population size from 1.9 million to 1.5 million since 1923. Part of the decline was due to the annihilation of the city's Jewish population in 1938. Austria has a lower urban population (56%) than most other industrialized countries. This low rate reflects the availability of tourist related jobs in the rural areas. 98% of the population is Austrian, the official language is German, and most of the inhabitants are Roman Catholic. Due to the homogeneity of the population, the country has few religious and racial problems; however, a recent study indicated that about 1/2 of the population has anti-Semetic attitudes. Life expectancy is 69 years for men and 76 years for women. Austria's population is aging. Currently, 18% of the population is under 15 years of age, and 14% is 65 years of age or older. Births are expected to increase slightly until the end of the 1900s and then decline slightly. Austrians place a high value on children and family life. Between 1978-82 the marriage rate increased from 4.5/1000 to 4.8/1000, and the median age at marriage increased from 22.4-23.0 years for women and from 25.6-25.8 years for men. The number of divorces/year increased from 11,168-14.298 between 1976-82. Currently, there are 2,767,000 households, and the average household size is 2

  8. 77 FR 74495 - Federally Mandated Exclusions from Income: Republication of Corrected Listing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-14

    ... the Child Nutrition Act of 1996 (42 U.S.C. 1780(b)) provide that the value of benefits to children...), (xx), and (xxi) have provisions that apply only to specific HUD programs. (i) The value of the... 1980 (Pub. L. 96-420, 25 U.S.C. 1721); (xii) The value of any child care provided or arranged (or any...

  9. The Peace Movement and Terrorist Organizations in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-03-01

    called "Autonomous Left," stragglers of hard-core terrorist groups, low-level anarchists without any existing organization, punks , and homosexuals...received a boost when large-scale protests rocked West Germany. These demonstrators, anarchists linked to the terrorist Red Army Faction (RAF), showed a

  10. 77 FR 38736 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: New Qualifying Country-Czech Republic (DFARS...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ... meaning of the basic DoD policy on contracting with qualifying country sources. Accordingly, the change... definition of ``Qualifying country,'' in paragraph (a) to read as follows: 252.225-7017 Photovoltaic Devices...

  11. Euthanasia after the holocaust--is it possible?: a report from the Federal Republic of Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kottow, M H

    1988-01-01

    The author theorizes that eugenically-related killings before and during the Nazi era have made it more difficult to discuss euthanasia in modern West Germany and have influenced public policy on this issue. Opinion polls reveal that over 50% of West Germans favor active euthanasia, a proportion identical to that in corresponding U.S. polls. However, official opinion is strongly opposed to legalizing any kind of euthanasia except nontreatment of those in the irreversible process of imminent death. Even legally acceptable treatment refusal may be easily overridden by declaring the patient incompetent. Kottow cites poor medical treatment of the mentally ill and 38% public acceptance of proposals to kill them as evidence of dormant tendencies which support the view that the "times are not yet ripe for innovative legislation."

  12. The workday routines of Turkish women in Federal Republic of Germany: results of a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munscher, A

    1984-01-01

    Despite international economic crises which have pushed many immigrants out of employment, jobs that are insecure, unstable and poorly paid have become increasingly available, particularly to immigrant women, whose legal and economic insecurity forces them to accept such jobs. This is the case of Turkish women in West Germany. Even within these jobs, immigrant women are exchangeable and transferable. For women, the already narrow spectrum of available employment opportunity has become even more limited on account of restrictions, both legal and familial, on their entry into the labor force. The result of a pilot survey of Turkish women in West Germany, described in this article, finds that widespread stereotypes depict Turkish women as shy, isolated and uprooted housewives, though these characteristics do not fit all. Almost 1/3 of Turkish women are employed full time and an unknown number work part time or in household employment, which are not not registered. They are forced to take up jobs in spite of lack of child care arrangements. A split family is the rule for almost all the women. For many, especially those who are themselves heads of household, housework include "organizing management"--going to the bank, negotiating with landlords--which they have not done before. A poor knowledge of German is an additional handicap. The work at home is shared by children, but not necessarity by husbands. Their places of residence are often too small by German standards. In spite of the stress, hardship, legal and residential insecurity associated with restrictive laws, many of these women display a sense of pride in being able to fulfil what they perceive as their duties toward their families, and have gained a measure of financial independence. A strong desire to return home to Turkey is, however, hampered by several factors, which include, diminishing hopes of finding a job there, inability to save enough money to lead a financially independent life, and a fear that their children may not be able to readapt to the Turkish way of life.

  13. The United Nations Organization's Economic Sanctions: The case of Iraq and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

    OpenAIRE

    Opara, Augustine Uchenna

    2002-01-01

    Endast sammandrag. Inbundna avhandlingar kan sökas i Helka-databasen (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Elektroniska kopior av avhandlingar finns antingen öppet på nätet eller endast tillgängliga i bibliotekets avhandlingsterminaler. Only abstract. Paper copies of master’s theses are listed in the Helka database (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Electronic copies of master’s theses are either available as open access or only on thesis terminals in the Helsinki University Library. Vain tiivi...

  14. Protest Movements and the Security Policy of the Federal Republic of Germany Since 1950.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-12-01

    for one has only to recall the effects that other past radical German thinkers have had on society, such as Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Feuerbach...Hegel and Nietzsche . Other alternatives to INF, which include varieties of conventional defenses, and pacifist notions of unilateral withdrawals, can all

  15. Activities report of the Werner-Heisenberg Institute for Physics, Munich, Federal Republic of Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    Theoretical research work was done in the fields of perturbative renormalization, statistical mechanics in the quantum field theory, geometrically formulated description of elementary particles, basic problems of the quantum field theory, the standard model (supersymmetry, strings), elementary particle physics and cosmology, non-relativistic particle physics, and history of physics. The Experimental Division A contributed to experiments on particle physics (CERN), on the tevatron accelerator of the Fermilab (FNAL), on the electron positron storage ring PETRA with the CELLO detector, and on the electron-positron storage ring HERA; a detector for low-energy particles was developed. The Experimental Division B contributed to the LRP project ALEPH, to the CERN SPS experiment NA 32, and to the HEGRA experiment; several detectors were developed.

  16. Media, Migrants and Marginalization: The Situation in the Federal Republic of Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oepen, Manfred

    1984-01-01

    Argues that the media supply for migrants in West Germany is poor in quantity and quality and that this is due to unwillingness of German officials to concede migrants either full societal participation or integrity in cultural and communicative terms. (CMG)

  17. Federal Republic of Germany: family planning, family policy and demographic policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zuhlke, W

    1989-01-01

    Decades of social change in West Germany and the emergence of an ideology that stresses individualism have altered dramatically procreative behavioral patterns. At present, West Germany is characterized by a low marriage rate (6.1/1000 in 1986), declining fertility (10.3 birth/1000), rising divorce rates (20.1/1000), and increases in the proportion of single-person households (34%). The relationship between family planning, family policy, and demographic policy is unclear and changing. Family planning practice is viewed as a part of comprehensive life planning and is based on factors such as partnership or marital status, sex roles, the conflict between working in the home and having a career, consumer aspirations, and housing conditions. The Government's family policy includes the following components: child benefits, tax relief on children, tax splitting arrangements for married couples, childcare allowance, parental leave, student grants, tax deductions for domiciliary professional help and nursing assistance, and the provision of daycare. Thus, West Germany's family policy is directed more at encouraging and facilitating parenthood and family life than at a setting demographic goals. There is no evidence, however, that such measures will be successful and divergent influences of other policy areas are often more compelling. Nor is there any way to quantify the fertility-costing impact of individual family policy measures. The indistinct nature of family planning policy in West Germany mirrors political differences between the current coalition government, which maintains a traditional view of the family, and the opposition Social-Democratic and Green Parties, which question whether the equality of men and women can be achieved in the context of old family structures.

  18. Report on the petroleum resources of the Federal Republic of Nigeria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-10-01

    Nigeria ranks among the top 10 largest oil producers and exporters of the world, with production being as high as 2.4 million bbl/d. Its ultimately recoverable oil resources may range from 20.5 to 41.5 billion bbl, of which 6.1 billion bbl have already been produced through 1977. With accelerated exploration and development. Nigeria's production capacity could reach 3.0 to 3.3 million bbl/d and hold this level for 5 years. Probable production rate, however, is 2 to 2.5 million bbl/d for at least 10 years. Nigeria's natural gas resources are comparatively underdeveloped and underutilized.

  19. Perspectives of wind energy utilization in the Federal Republic of Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molly, Jens-Peter; Schott, T.; Schmidt-Kuester, W.-J.; Tegen, Werner

    1991-09-01

    This paper contains only the table of contents and summary hypotheses from a full paper that assessed current and future prospects of wind power in Germany. The potential for power generation is forecasted along with cost estimations. The benefits to the environment, as compared with other energy sources, are discussed. The use of hybrid systems with diesel engines in remote installations, and the market for wind turbines are among other topics discussed.

  20. [Legal bases of surgical sterilization of men and women in the German Federal Republic].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spann, W

    1975-07-01

    Legal aspects of male and female sterilization in West Germany are discussed. Not only the informed consent of the patient is necessary: the operation must not be "contrary to public custom." Medical indications are acceptable, as are medicosocial indications; no question of custom can exist here. Although the physician's responsibility in cases of euginic indications is greater, there is no question of legality when he acts in accordance with his professional judgement. The same situation exists in the case of "vicarious" sterilization (especially of the man); here, the possibility of a new marriage (after death or divorce) of the sterilized partner must be considered, however. Purely social indications or personal convenience cannot, however, be considered legal indications for sterilization.

  1. Behavior Modification in Special Education in the Federal Republic of Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barkey, Peter

    1977-01-01

    West German literature on educational behavior modification is summarized, and empirical studies of behavior modification intervention with special education students at the elementary level are surveyed. (SBH)

  2. 75 FR 31807 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities To Assist the Homeless; Republication

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-04

    ... National Coalition for the Homeless v. Veterans Administration, No. 88-2503-OG (D.D.C.). Properties...-site removal only, 2395 sq. ft., needs repair, and presence of asbestos LAND Missouri Annex No. 3...: Extensive deterioration West Virginia InKeep House Smokehole Canyon Grant WV 26855 Landholding Agency...

  3. PROJECTION OF UNEMPLOYMENT IN SMES THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF MEXICO FOR 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saúl Robles-Soto

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In the mexican economic system the denominated Mypymes conform the microempresas, small companies and medium companies, the small and medium generate 30 % of the total employment, while the microempresas 46 %. This study is made a recount of the Mypymes in Mexico, with emphasis in the year 2010, where were a significant quantity of companies closed its activities, standing out the insecurity /1/, crisis and decrease of the internal market. The study is been of a permanent work with data of the INEGI /2/ for the Applied Economy Laboratory (LAE in the Academic Unit of Economy of the Autonomous University of Zacatecas Mexico, and the Center of Studies of Applied Investigations to the Production and the Services of the Economic and Managerial Sciences Faculty of the Universidad de Oriente in Santiago de Cuba. Also by the classic analysis of regression is projected the possible unemployment the year 2012, based on the prognosis of Mypymes for this stage, which was in an increment in the number of unemployment of 2,54 %. 

  4. Estimates for the energy supply of the Federal Republic of Germany by 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flath, K.

    1981-01-01

    An essential statement of the forecasting is the continuous trend towards an economical and efficient use of energy, which is shown by the progressing decoupling of the growth of energy consumption and economic growth being expected by the 'Institutes'. The second remarkable development is the change in the field of mineral oil consumption which according to analyses will not only fall off quantitatively but will also reduce its share of energy consumption. In the mid-nineties energy supply might show a far more balanced structure as far as the securing of consumption is concerned: coal (hard coal and brown coal), petroleum and other energy sources could each make up a third of the consumption. Thus, in the foreseeable future, the continuing risks of our energy supply being dependent on imports could be reduced.

  5. Damaged forest in the Federal Republic of Germany. Waldschaeden in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prinz, B.; Krause, G.H.M.; Stratmann, H.

    1982-01-01

    The damage occurs, in the mainly stricken areas of Bavaria and Baden-Wuerttemberg, from altitudes of 800 m above sea level upwards and predominantly at the slopes showing to the west and south-west. A tendency towards a further extension of the damage area in direction of the more level tracts in the higher parts of the Black Forest and in the direction of ridges with their slopes showing east respectively north-east is unmistakable. The damage is characterized by the fact that within smallplots it is much differentiated with marginal trees along paths and clearings and particularly prominent ones in the middle of a batch being particularly effected. The syndrome can be detected in spruces and fir-trees of all age-groups including even the classes of young trees. As regards the species fir-tree, spruce, and beech-tree, the dark yellow discolouration of the assimilation organs is most striking. If later on turns into brown discolouration in the conifers, provoking premature loss of the needles. Beech-trees occasionally throw off, along with the yellow leaves, green ones, too. As regards fir-trees, spruces and beech-trees, the yellowing of the needles or leaves must be viewed as being associated with ''air and light exposure''. According to the findings reported in the literature, the fine root system of the trees is also affected and an alteration of the mycorrhiza seen. The damage symptoms are not comparable with the ones caused by SO/sub 2/, HF, HCl, NO/sub 2/, ozone or heavy metals (Zn, Pb, Cd). The damaged areas of wood exhibit a particularly rich growth of lichens. This is in absolute contradiction with earlier observations of lichens reacting to air pollutions like SO/sub 2/, HF and heavy metal with the utmost sensitivity.

  6. The Federal Republic of Germany and the international cooperation in the nuclear field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strauss, Franz Josef

    2015-01-15

    The questions of international cooperation in the field of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes arise the increasing interest of all political and economic interested parties of our nation. This rising sympathy reflects the awareness, that due to the fast development of nuclear energy, in detail a hardly assessable process, a new technical revolution is in the offing which for the further economic development of the European states and not least our country itself will be in view of the current inferior position in comparison to the leading nuclear powers, of paramount importance. By all necessity of catching up the scientific and technical development at national level, the conviction is more and more confirmed that joint efforts both in the European and global area are necessary to make full use of the tremendous possibilities of nuclear energy for peaceful progress. It is appropriate and valuable, already for determining the own point of view for the further participation in international cooperation within the nuclear field, to gain from time to time an overview and to take stock on existing organisation as well as different projects and plans. For this purpose the following lines are intended, without demanding completeness in all details. I may initially pay attention to the entirely or predominant economic committees for cooperation followed by bilateral and multilateral facts and projects.

  7. Water emission inventory for the Federal Republic of Germany; Emissionsinventar Wasser fuer die Bundesrepublik Deutschland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boehm, E.; Hillenbrand, T.; Marscheider-Weidemann, F.; Schempp, C. [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Systemtechnik und Innovationsforschung (ISI), Karlsruhe (Germany); Fuchs, S.; Scherer, U. [Karlsruhe Univ. (T.H.) (Germany). Inst. fuer Siedlungswasserwirtschaft; Luettgert, M. [RISA Sicherheitsanalysen GmbH, Berlin (Germany)

    2000-11-01

    Within the frame of this project, a concept for setting up exemplary emission inventories for water was put forward. An overview is given of the international activities on emission inventories and the status of national emission inventories. Based on the data situation in Germany, it was necessary to include both plant-specific, aggregated and calculated data of the point sources in the inventories. Due to their increasing significance, diffuse material emissions into water were also taken into account. Based on the conceptual work, exemplary emission inventories were compiled for nitrogen, phosphorous and adsorbable organic combined halides (AOX) as well as the heavy metals arsenic, cadmium, chrome, copper, mercury, nickel, lead and zinc. These were evaluated according to the areas of origin (sectors) or the emission paths as well as according to the large river basins Danube, Rhine, Ems, Weser, Elbe, Oder, North Sea and Baltic Sea. In addition, lists of the ten largest industrial direct dischargers were compiled. (orig.) [German] Im Rahmen dieses Vorhabens wurde ein Konzept fuer die Erstellung von beispielhaften Emissionsinventaren fuer Gewaesser erarbeitet. Es wird ein Ueberblick ueber die internationalen Aktivitaeten zu Emissionsinventaren und den Stand beim Aufbau von nationalen Emissionsinventaren gegeben. Auf Grund der Datensituation in Deutschland war es erforderlich, dass sowohl anlagenspezifische als auch aggregierte sowie berechnete Daten der Punktquellen in die Inventare einbezogen wurden. Wegen ihrer zunehmenden Bedeutung werden die diffusen Stoffeintraege in die Gewaesser ebenfalls beruecksichtigt. Aufbauend auf den konzeptionellen Arbeiten wurden beispielhafte Emissionsinventare fuer Stickstoff, Phosphor und adsorbierbare organisch gebundene Halogene (AOX) sowie die Schwermetalle Arsen, Cadmium, Chrom, Kupfer, Quecksilber, Nickel, Blei und Zink zusammengestellt. Die Auswertung erfolgte sowohl nach den Herkunftsbereichen (Branchen) bzw. den Emissionspfaden als auch nach den grossen Flussgebieten Donau, Rhein, Ems, Weser, Elbe, Oder, Nordsee und Ostsee. Zusaetzlich wurden Listen der zehn groessten industriellen Direkteinleiter erstellt. (orig.)

  8. Environmentally harmful subventions in the Federal Republic of Germany; Umweltschaedliche Subventionen in Deutschland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berg, Holger; Burger, Andreas; Thiele, Karen

    2008-07-01

    The quality of environmental goods such as climate, water, ground or air has a high value in the population. This also is reflected in the public and private expenditures for environmental protection. The state intervenes with subventions in the economical production process and in the individual decisions of the household consumer. The present practice of subvention does not promote a sustainable development to a large extent neither from ecological view nor from economic view. Under this aspect, the authors of the contribution under consideration report on the most important environmental harmful subventions within the ranges energy supply and energy utilization, traffic, building industry and housing, agriculture. Moreover an environmentally referred controlling of subvention is described in order to dismantle systematically environmentally harmful subventions and to a sustainable policy of subvention.

  9. Driver Training in the Federal Republic of Germany. Support Material [and] Test Pamphlets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepke, Helen; And Others

    A collection of German second language instructional materials on driving in West Germany includes: 18 pamphlets on traffic and driving regulations, each with 15 multiple-choice questions in German; an answer key; a text giving background information in English; a vocabulary list with English translation; a chart of traffic signs; and an example…

  10. Determinants of the energy price system in the Federal Republic of Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hennicke, P.

    1983-01-01

    The seven theses presented in this article are to illustrate some basic determinants of the West German energy price system systematically and - at present mainly - empirically. The theses are related to the following sub-aspects: - relation between the consumption structure of primary energy and the heat-price relations, - influence of energy imports on the domestic energy price level, - existence and dimensions of differential revenues, - reproaches of bulling made to the petroleum industry, - extent and development of the differentiation of energy prices, - influence of governmental interventions on the energy price level, - theoretical price fixing principles and actual tariff policy.

  11. 19 February 2015 - Professor Holger Hanselka President Karlsruhe Institute of Technology Federal Republic of Germany

    CERN Multimedia

    Gadmer, Jean-Claude

    2015-01-01

    visiting the CMS cavern with CMS Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson K. Borras and CMS Collaboration, Team Leader, Karlsruhe Institut fur Technologie T. Muller and signing the Guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer. C. Schaefer present throughout.

  12. ORGANIZATION OF LABORATORY MONITORING FOR CHEMICAL AND RADIOLOGICAL SAFETY OF DRINKING WATER ON THE TERRITORY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KHAKASSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Anatolevna Pivovarova

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available According to the results of research annually, more than half of water samples drinking water supply (HPW of the Republic of Khakassia, do not meet regulatory requirements for total alpha radioactivity (Аα and about a quarter of investigated samples on sanitary-chemical indicators, including: the content of iron, nitrate, sulphate, total hardness, TDS, fluoride. Statistically significant strong connection between quality of water HPV of the Republic and the incidence of diseases of the blood, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, musculoskeletal, endocrine, nervous systems. In this connection, on the Republic’s territory are required laboratory monitoring drinking water supply. The article contains proposals for the organization of laboratory production control according to the legislation of the Russian Federation and identified gaps in the quality and safety of water HPV.

  13. The Federal Health Office in 1990. An information brochure. Das BGA im Jahre 1990. Eine Informationsschrift des Bundesgesundheitsamtes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-01-01

    The Federal Health Office is the central research institution in the Federal Republic of Germany in the public health sector. Its task is to recognize and assess health hazards, contain such hazards within the framework of its legal competencies, and to provide scientific advice also on such health hazards as arise from the environment. The FHO's research activities are in the fields of health protection and consumer health protection, environmental hygiene, drug safety, and preventive medicine. - Executive tasks have been conferred on the Federal Health Office under the law on drugs and narcotic drugs, epidemics, particides and the use of chemicals, and genetic engineering. (orig./UT)

  14. Results of analysis of organisational culture in organisations in the Czech Republic and Slovak Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Urbancová

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with issues concerning organisational culture and its maintenance in existing conditions in organisations in the Czech Republic. The importance of the topic lies in the fact that organisational culture is a reflection of human dispositions in work activities and strengthens one’s attitude to work and regulates relationships between employees and the management of the organisation. The aim of the article is to identify the importance of organisational culture and to determine the process of its development and its maintaining in organisations in the Czech Republic. Data has been obtained through a questionnaire survey carried out in organisations in the Czech Republic and evaluated using the tools of descriptive statistics. Primary data was evaluated using the tools of descriptive statistics and also the methods of comparison, induction, deduction and synthesis were applied. The results have been compared with the outcomes of a similar survey which took place in the Slovak Republic. At present, the theme of development and maintenance of a suitable organisational culture for the purpose of ensuring the required level of organisations’ performance and gaining a competitive advantage is highly relevant and significant in terms of its possible application in both scientific and practical activities.

  15. Federalism and bioethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Von Hagel, Alisa

    2014-01-01

    The absence of comprehensive federal oversight of human biotechnologies in the United States continues to stimulate academic discourse on the relative merits of European-style regulatory agencies as compared to the current, decentralized approach. Many American bioethicists support the latter, maintaining that the key features of federalism--policy experimentation and moral pluralism--allows for the efficient regulation of these complex and contentious issues. This paper examines state-level regulation of oocyte donation to assess claims regarding the superiority of this decentralized regulatory approach. Further, this paper introduces an additional element to this examination of state law, which concerns the degree to which the health and safety of key participants is addressed at the state level. This inquiry assesses one facet of fertility medicine and biomedical research law, oocyte donation, an analysis that can be used to inform the broader discourse regarding the regulation of human biotechnologies and bioethical issues by the states.

  16. Federal Interagency Geothermal Activities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, Arlene [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States); Prencipe, Loretta [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States); Todaro, Richard M. [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States); Cuyler, David [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Eide, Elizabeth [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Washington, DC (United States)

    2011-06-01

    This collaborative document describes the roles and responsibilities of key Federal agencies in the development of geothermal technologies including the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE); the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), including the U.S. Forest Service; the U.S. Department of Interior (DOI), including the United States Geological Survey (USGS) and Bureau of Land Management (BLM); the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); and the Department of Defense (DOD).

  17. Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adolescents in the Russian Federation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Grace; Idrisov, Bulat; Galimov, Artur; Masagutov, Radik; Sussman, Steve

    2017-02-23

    Information on e-cigarettes among youth in the Russian Federation is lacking. We examined prevalence of and factors associated with youth e-cigarette use in the Russian Federation. A cross-sectional, anonymous survey, conducted among 716 (females 51.5%) high school students in three cities (i.e., Ufa, Sterlitamak, Karagaevo) within the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation in 2015, assessed e-cigarette use and its correlates (i.e., sex, age, ethnicity, family structure, parents' highest degrees, antisocial behaviors, stress coping strategies, lifetime cigarette, hookah, alcohol, and marijuana use). Lifetime use of e-cigarettes was 28.6% and past-30-day use was 2.2%. Multilevel modeling showed that belonging to Tatar/Bashkir ethnicity relative to Russian ethnicity (OR = 1.60) and lifetime use of cigarettes (OR = 21.64), hookah (OR = 4.21), and alcohol (OR = 1.90) was associated with greater odds of lifetime use of e-cigarettes. Furthermore, use of social support coping strategies (i.e., utilizing parents for support) were associated with lower odds of lifetime use of e-cigarettes (OR = 0.94). Despite high lifetime e-cigarette use, past-30-day use was low. Greater knowledge of the reasons for e-cigarette discontinuation through continued surveillance is needed in the Russian Federation. Social coping strategies involving parents may inform e-cigarette use prevention.

  18. Seismic Risk Assessment for the Kyrgyz Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pittore, Massimiliano; Sousa, Luis; Grant, Damian; Fleming, Kevin; Parolai, Stefano; Fourniadis, Yannis; Free, Matthew; Moldobekov, Bolot; Takeuchi, Ko

    2017-04-01

    The Kyrgyz Republic is one of the most socially and economically dynamic countries in Central Asia, and one of the most endangered by earthquake hazard in the region. In order to support the government of the Kyrgyz Republic in the development of a country-level Disaster Risk Reduction strategy, a comprehensive seismic risk study has been developed with the support of the World Bank. As part of this project, state-of-the-art hazard, exposure and vulnerability models have been developed and combined into the assessment of direct physical and economic risk on residential, educational and transportation infrastructure. The seismic hazard has been modelled with three different approaches, in order to provide a comprehensive overview of the possible consequences. A probabilistic seismic hazard assessment (PSHA) approach has been used to quantitatively evaluate the distribution of expected ground shaking intensity, as constrained by the compiled earthquake catalogue and associated seismic source model. A set of specific seismic scenarios based on events generated from known fault systems have been also considered, in order to provide insight on the expected consequences in case of strong events in proximity of densely inhabited areas. Furthermore, long-span catalogues of events have been generated stochastically and employed in the probabilistic analysis of expected losses over the territory of the Kyrgyz Republic. Damage and risk estimates have been computed by using an exposure model recently developed for the country, combined with the assignment of suitable fragility/vulnerability models. The risk estimation has been carried out with spatial aggregation at the district (rayon) level. The obtained results confirm the high level of seismic risk throughout the country, also pinpointing the location of several risk hotspots, particularly in the southern districts, in correspondence with the Ferghana valley. The outcome of this project will further support the local

  19. REGIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE TYVA REPUBLIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kh. B. Kuular

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper summarizes the results of research on long-term variability of anomalies of annual temperatures in the Tyva Republic. The climate in the region is sharp continental, characterized by large temperature variability, both in diurnal and annual course. Anticyclone dry and clear weather dominates over the territory of the region. Multi-year temperature trends calculated for each month served as a basis for analysis of annual cycle of temperature trends at each station for the period of 1961-2016. The average annual temperature amounted to -3.4 ± 1.1 °С (1961-1990. Precipitation distribution is varied, for warm period precipitation is higher 80-87 % (annual precipitation is 180-325 mm, and for cold period precipitation is very low, about 20-13 %. Global warming is accompanied by changes in regional climate and seasonal features. The average annual air temperatures during 1975-2005 represent the warmest years. This is also reflected in the trends of the average monthly, seasonal and annual air temperatures. When comparing the longterm average air temperature in the period of 1975-2016 with the 1961-1990 period, from November to March increased by 1.3 °С and from April to October – by 1°С. The first years of the 21st century were the warmest years in the history of meteorological measurements in republic. During the period of 2000-2016 was one of, in the cold season the temperature increased by 1.9 °С and in the warmer time of the year – by 1.3 °С. However, it was frosty during January. This trend indicates an increased risk of higher fluctuations of the air temperature in the republic.

  20. The competitiveness of rural areas in the Republic of Tatarstan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sitdikova, L.; Heijman, W.J.M.; Ophem, van J.A.C.

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses the main factors influencing the regional competitiveness of rural areas in the Tatarstan Republic. Firstly, 19 variables related to the socio-economic situation in the Tatarstan Republic were analysed, these having been taken from the Statistics Committee of the Tatarstan