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Sample records for hakkarainen kari halonen

  1. Halonen arrives for State visit / Ella Karapetyan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karapetyan, Ella

    2010-01-01

    Eestis riigivisiidil viibinud Soome president Tarja Halonen kohtus peaminister Andrus Ansipi ja Riigikogu spiikri Ene Ergmaga. Presidendiga visiidil kaasas olnud Soome haridusminister Henna Virkkunen kohtus haridus- ja teadusminister Tõnis Lukasega

  2. Penghentian Karies Gigi Sulung Anterior (Laporan Penelitian

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    Titi Pratiwi Indra Yoga

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu cara menanggulangi karies pada gigi sulung anterior adalah dengan mengasah gigi menjadi bentuk self cleansing atau tapered dan kemudian mengolesnya dengan larutan SnF2 10%. Cara ini relatif mudah mengerjakannya serta murah biayanya. Keburukannya hanya pada masalah estetis, yaitu bentuk gigi menjadi lebih kecil, serta adanya staining kecoklatan karena pengendapan Sn. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui apakah cara ini dapat menghentikan karies pada gigi sulung anterior, serta sampai berapa lama pengaruh SnF2 10% dapat menghentikan karies. Sampel diambil dari murid TK yang berusia 2,5 sampai 5 tahun, gigi sulung anteriornya terkena karies email pada bagian proksimal satu atau dua sisi. Mengingat usia sampel yang masih muda, maka sampai akhir penelitian hanya didapat 20 orang anak yang memenuhi kriteria, dan hasil penelitian dihitung secara statistik dengan X2 – test. Hasil penelitian ternyata prosedur perawatan ini berhasil secara bermakna setelah 3-6 bulan (X2 = 0.056, df = 1, dan p < 0.05.

  3. PEMBANGUNAN APLIKASI SISTEM PAKAR DIAGNOSIS PENYAKIT KARIES PADA GIGI MANUSIA

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    Dini Silvi Purnia

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - Teeth are part of the tools of mastication on the digestive system in the human body, dental disease often suffered by nearly all of Indonesia's population is dental caries, Dental caries is also becoming the major problems of oral health. Dental caries is an infectious disease caused by demineralization of enamel and dentin are closely associated with the consumption of cariogenic foods. The occurrence of dental caries due to the role of caries-causing bacteria found in the mouth streptococci group collectively called Streptococcus mutans. Dental caries is a disease caused by demineralization of enamel and dentin. Disorders in Dental Caries often occur due to various causes, among other things because of bacteria, food and drink a lot of sugars, oral hygiene, etc. Knowledge of the Human Dental caries disease is needed to resolve the issue quickly and appropriately, Most people consider trivial when teeth are not clean them in a state that can be very dangerous unwittingly In his Dental Health, For the treatment should not be done arbitrarily. Thus, eventually the thought of how to cope with the disease and caring for Dental Caries without having to go direct consultation with a doctor or specialist. The development of information technology and computer and Internet use is already well known by the public. can be used to help a good idea ini.Sehingga makes authors want to help to create an expert system application that can perform diagnosis of skin diseases that can also display other information required. With the ease of application of this expert system can be used as a guide for mendekteksi easily caries disease and the type of caries disease and its prevention that occur in human teeth. Keyword : Caries, Desease , Expert , System, Teeth Abstrak - Gigi merupakan bagian dari alat pengunyahan pada sistem pencernaan dalam tubuh manusia, Penyakit gigi yang sering diderita oleh hampir semua penduduk Indonesia ialah karies gigi

  4. Tartu Pauluse kirik = St. Paul's Church in Tartu / Merja Nieminen, Kari Järvinen

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    Nieminen, Merja

    2016-01-01

    Eliel Saarineni projekteeritud Tartu Pauluse kiriku restaureerimisest. Restaureerimisprojekti autorid Merja Nieminen, Kari Järvinen, sisearhitekt Markku Nors. Kultuurkapitali Arhitektuuri sihtkapitali aastapreemia 2016 laureaat

  5. [Kari Tarkiainen, Ülle Tarkiainen. Provinsen bortom havet : Estlands svenska historia 1561-1710; Kari Tarkiainen, Ülle Tarkiainen. Meretagune maa : Rootsi aeg Eestis 1561-1710] / Pärtel Piirimäe

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    Piirimäe, Pärtel, 1972-

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: Tarkiainen Kari, Tarkiainen Ülle. Provinsen bortom havet : Estlands svenska historia 1561-1710 Verlag Atlantis. Stockholm 2013; Tarkiainen, Kari, Tarkiainen, Ülle. Meretagune maa : Rootsi aeg Eestis 1561-1710. verlag Varrak Tallinn 2014

  6. Kondisi oral higiene dan karies gigi pada vegetarian dan non vegetarian di Maha Vihara Maitreya Medan

    OpenAIRE

    Prawira, Albert

    2011-01-01

    Perbedaan pola makan antara vegetarian dan non vegetarian dapat mempengaruhi kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui kondisi oral higiene dan karies gigi pada umat vegetarian dan non vegetarian di Maha Vihara Maitreya Medan. Jenis penelitian adalah survei deskriptif. Sampel terdiri atas 74 vegetarian dan 65 non vegetarian. Pemeriksaan oral higiene dan karies gigi masing-masing menggunakan indeks OHIS Greene dan Vermillion dan indeks DMFT Klein, se...

  7. The Conditional Fault-Diameter of the K-ary n-Cube

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    Khaled Day

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available We obtain the conditional fault diameter of the k-ary n-cube interconnection network. It has been previously shown that under the condition of forbidden faulty sets (i.e. assuming each non-faulty node has at least one non-faulty neighbor, the k-ary n-cube, whose connectivity is 2n, can tolerate up to 4n-3 faulty nodes without becoming disconnected. We extend this result by showing that the conditional fault-diameter of the k-ary n-cube is equal to the fault-free diameter plus two. This means that if there are at most 4n-3 faulty nodes in the k-ary n-cube and if every non-faulty node has at least one non-faulty neighbor, then there exists a fault-free path of length at most the diameter plus two between any two non faulty nodes. We also show how to construct these fault-free paths. With this result the k-ary n-cube joins a group of interconnection networks (including the hypercube and the star-graph whose conditional fault diameter has been shown to be only two units over the fault-free diameter.

  8. Biorsopsi Ion Logam Zink (II dalam Larutan Menggunakan Daun Kari (Murraya Koenigii

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    Bhayu Gita Bhernama

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Penyerapan ion logam Zn (II menggunakan daun kari (murraya koenigii telah dilakukan, Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kadar ion logam Zn (II yang dapat diserap oleh daun kari (murraya koenigii. Kemampuan daun kari untuk menyerap ion logam Zn (II telah dievaluasi dengan variasi pH larutan, kosentrasi, ukuran partikel berat biomaterial. Kadar ion logam yang terserap diukur menggunakan spektrofotometer serapan atom (SSA. Hasil penelitian menunjukan kondisi optimum penyerapan ion logam Zn 9II menggunakan daun kari dengan pH 5 kapasitas penyerapan 0,611 mg/g, ukuran partikel 150 µm kapasitas penyerapan 0,689 mg/g, konsentrasi 50 ppm dengan kapasitas penyerapan 0,443 mg/g dan berat material 0,5 g kapasitas penyerapan 1,505 mg/g. Berdasarkan persamaan isoterm Langmuir didapatkan kapasitas penyerapan maksimum Qmax -0,127. Hasil analisis FTIR memperlihatkan adanya gugus hidroksil yang dapat mengikat ion logam Zn (II. Kata kunci : logam berat Zn (II, penyerapan, daun kari

  9. Väitlus : vastuseks eelolevale / Enn Küng, Kari Tarkiainen, Ülle Tarkiainen

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    Küng, Enn, 1963-

    2015-01-01

    Väitlus Enn Küngi ning Kari ja Ülle Tarkiaineni vahel, mille aluseks on 2015. a. Akadeemia 8. numbris ilmunud Enn Küngi arvustis Tarkiainenite raamatule "Provinsen bortom havet. Estlands svenska historia 1561-1710" (Lk. 1491-1499)

  10. Gambaran Histopatologik Lesi Karies pada Email dengan Aplikasi Fluor In Vitro

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    Agoeng Tjahjani

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Tahap dini karies telah lama dikenal dengan istilah bercak putih. Untuk mengetahui terjadinya lesi karies di bawah permukaan email in vivo, maka dilakukan penelitian secara in vitro dengan merendam gigi Premolar dengan dan tanpa aplikasi fluor dalam perbenihan kuman Streptococcus mutans FA-1 (ATCC 16495. Enam puluh empat gigi Preolar tanpa karies dibagi dalam 2 kelompok. Pada kelompok perlakuan, gigi diaplikasi dengan fluor sedang pada kelompok kontrol gigi tanpa aplikasi fluor. Semua gigi dimasukkan dalam perbenihan tioglikolat air yang ke dalamnya telah ditanam Streptococcus mutans FA-4 (ATCC 16495 selama 4 dan 8 minggu. Pembentukan bercah putih diamati dengan mikroskop 'zoom-stereo'. Sedang besarnya porusitas di bawah permukaan email diaamti dengan mikroskop polarisasi. Pada akhir minggu ke-4 dan ke-8 pada kedua kelompok ditemukan peningkatan jumlah gigi dengan pembentukan bercak putih dan peningkatan nilai rata-rata kedalaman lapisan badan lesi. Uji statistik dengan chi-square test menunjukkan perbedaan bermakna pada p<0.05. Berdasarkan penelitian tersebut di atas disimpulkan bahwa (1 aplikasi NaF hanya menghambat sebagian pembentukan lesi karies dan (2 sistem perbenihan kuman yang digunakan tidak dapat mencerminkan keadaan mulut yang sebenarnya.

  11. Pengaruh keadaan rongga mulut, perilaku ibu, dan lingkungan terhadap risiko karies pada anak

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    Quroti A'yun

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The effect of oral cavity condition, mothers’ behaviour and environment on the carries risk on children. Carries risk factors in children consist of direct risk factor, which includes the condition of oral cavity, and indirect risk factor including mother’s behaviour and environment. The study was to identify factors that influence the occurrence of caries in children. This is an observational research with a cross-sectional design. The samples were 430 children between the ages of 10-12 years. The evaluated caries risk factors included pH level of saliva, the amount of plaque, caries experience, the mother’s behaviour in child’s utilization of dental health service, the mother’s behaviour on the child’s health care, and the mother’s behaviour on child’s food selection. The environment factors were UKGS implementation by teacher and friend’s influences. The data were analysed using multiple logistic regression. The result of multiple logistic regression analysis indicated that the pH level of saliva (POR=1.923, the amount of plaque (POR=2.382, caries experience (POR=4.048, mother’s behaviour in child’s utilization of dental health service (POR= 2.107, mother’s behaviour on child’s food selection (POR= 1.676, and the UKGS implementation by teacher (POR=1,846 significantly influenced the occurrence of caries (p0,05. The study showed that pH level of saliva, the amount of plaque, caries experience, the mother’s behaviour in utilization of dental health service, mother’s behaviour on child’s food selection, and the UKGS implementation by teacher influenced the risk of caries in children. ABSTRAK Faktor risiko karies pada anak terdiri atas faktor risiko langsung, yaitu keadaan rongga mulut anak, dan faktor tidak langsung, yaitu perilaku ibu dan lingkungan. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap risiko terjadinya karies. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional dengan

  12. Otitis Media Supuratif Kronis Dan Tonsilitis Kronis Serta Karies Dentis Dan Perilaku Kuratif Ibu

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    Anggraini, Dewi

    2013-01-01

    Latar Belakang. Otitis media supuratif kronis adalah infeksi kronik telinga tengah disertai perforasi membran timpani dan keluarnya sekret yang apabila tidak ditangani dengan tepat akan membuat progresivitas penyakit semakin bertambah. Tujuan dari pembuatan jurnal ini adalah teridentifikasinya faktor-faktor internal dan eksternal pada otitis media supuratif kronis dengan karies dentis dan tonsilitis kronis dan terselesaikannya masalah yang ada. Kasus. Dilakukan kunjungan rumah pada anak usia ...

  13. Prediksi Risiko Karies Baru Berdasarkan Konsumsi Pempek pada Anak Usia 1112 Tahun Di Palembang (Tinjauan dengan Cariogram

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    Marlindayanti Marlindayanti

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Penyakit rongga mulut yang sering diderita anak adalah karies gigi. Hasil penelitian terdahulu menunjukkan prevalensi karies gigi anak di Palembang sebesar 92,43%. Pempek makanan khas jenis karbohidrat lengket yang dimakan bersama kuahnya (cuko, kebiasaan anak di Palembang mengkonsumsi pempek lebih dari 2 kali sehari. Frekuensi konsumsi karbohidrat yang sering berakibat karies gigi. Kebiasaan anak di Palembang mengkonsumsi pempek merupakan faktor risiko terjadinya karies gigi. Risiko karies gigi perlu diketahui untuk melihat kisaran karies baru yang dapat terjadi. Penelitian ini bertujuan memprediksi risiko terjadinya karies baru berdasarkan frekuensi konsumsi pempek di Palembang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain cross sectional. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan tekhnik cluster, subjek penelitian sebanyak 305 anak dari 52 SD di Palembang. Pengukuran prediksi risiko karies menggunakan cariogram dengan cara mengumpulkan data survei diet frekuensi konsumsi secara keseluruhan dan frekuensi konsumsi pempek, DMF-T, kapasitas buffer, sekresi saliva, plak skor, program fluor dan penyakit umum. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan prediksi risiko karies anak usia 11-12 tahun di Palembang 65,72% (kategori tinggi kontribusi pempek 45,83% dari total konsumsi makan keseluruhan. Peluang menghindari karies sebesar 34,28%. Urutan penyebab risiko karies adalah kerentanan (31,0%, pola makan (17,36%, bakteri (8,91% dan keadaan lain yang berpengaruh (5,35%. Kesimpulan penelitian, prediksi risiko terjadinya karies baru pada anak usia 11-12 tahun di Palembang termasuk kategori tinggi, pempek menyumbang 45,83% dari total konsumsi keseluruhan. Urutan prediksi risiko karies anak usia 11-12 tahun di Palembang, kerentanan, pola makan, bakteri dan faktor lain yang berpengaruh.    Prediction of The Risk Of New Caries Base on Pempek Consumption on Children Age 11-12 Years Old In Palembang. The oral cavity disease often suffered by children is dental

  14. Uji sensitivitas dan spesifisitas perangkat lunak “Prediktor Karies Anak” (The sensitivity and specificity test of software for dental caries prediction in children

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    Quroti A’yun

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of dental caries in children is high, therefore preventive actions is needed. So far the computer preventive actions is needed. So far the computer software that have been used for caries predictor is cariogram, which determine the condition of teeth and oral mouth. Recently which determine the condition of teeth and oral mouth. Recently and oral mouth. Recently mouth. Recently“Prediktor Karies Anak” (pediatric caries predictor software have been developed not only determine the condition of teeth and software have been developed not only determine the condition of teeth and been developed not only determine the condition of teeth and oral mouth but also child’s behavior, maternal behavior, and the environment. behavior, maternal behavior, and the environment. Purpose: The objective of this study was to examine objective of this study was to examinethe sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV and negative predictive value (NPV of "Prediktor Karies Anak" a software for dental caries prediction in children. Methods: This study study was an observational study with cross-sectional plan, carried out on 67 primary school children aged 10-12 years. The research instrument was software of “Prediktor Karies Anak” (pediatric caries of “Prediktor Karies Anak” (pediatric caries predictor and cariogram. The data of this research was the percentage of new caries occurrence and caries risk categorized into the percentage of new caries occurrence and caries risk categorized into high and low, and analyzed with a 2 x 2 table. results: The data of 67 children was analyzed using “Prediktor Karies Anak”software and revealed 38 children had low caries risk and 29 children had high caries. The data then re-analyzed using cariogram software had low caries risk and 29 children had high caries. The data then re-analyzed using cariogram software then re-analyzed using cariogram software showed that 37

  15. Interview with Kari Levitt: “Bring the State back in!”

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    Michèle Rioux

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available IntroductionOn December 27th and 30th 2011, I met with Kari Levitt in her apartment on De l’Épée, Outremont. I met her in 1987 at McGill while studying in political economy. Since, I always thought of her as one of the most inspiring women in Canadian political economy. Two professors I had studied with at Glendon College, York University, Omar Hamouda and Lori Tarshis - a student of Keynes - had strongly encouraged me to contact her. That is what I did. At the time I did not know much about ...

  16. Förekomst av karies och parodontit hos personer med Morbus Crohn

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, Annika; Olsson, Sara

    2012-01-01

    Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka förekomsten av karies och parodontit hos personer med Morbus Crohn. Metoden som användes var en allmän litteraturstudie. Materialet till litteraturstudien samlades in genom sökning i databaserna Cinahl, PubMed och ScienceDirect. De sökord som användes vid litteratursökningen i samtliga databaser var ”caries”, ”Crohn’s disease”, ”periodontal disease” och ”periodontitis”. Vetenskapliga artiklar som fick ingå i litteraturstudien begränsades till ”En...

  17. SLO Eesti AS-il uus tegevdirektor / Jaanus Laikmaa, Pekka Syrjäkari ; interv. Rein Aro

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    Laikmaa, Jaanus, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Elektritarvikutega seotud hulgimüüjaid koondavasse rahvusvahelisse ettevõtete kooslusesse Sonepar Group kuuluva SLO Eesti AS tegevdirektor Jaanus Laikmaa ja juhatuse esimees Pekka Syrjäkari räägivad oma ettevõtte arengust, tootevalikust, kvaliteedipoliitikast, konkurentsist, elektrikaupade aastamessi SLO Sügispäev korraldamisest, ettevõtte perspektiividest Eesti praeguse majandusseisu taustal

  18. GAMBARAN PERILAKU MENGGOSOK GIGI TERHADAP KEJADIAN KARIES GIGI PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH DASAR DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS SIDEMEN, KECAMATAN SIDEMEN, KABUPATEN KARANGASEM, PADA JUNI-JULI 2013

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    Desak Made Dwi Ambari Ningsih

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Kesehatan gigi masih menjadi masalah di Indonesia dilihat dari prevalensi karies gigi yang mencapai 73% dari jumlah penduduk. Di Puskesmas Sidemen, penyakit gigi, gusi dan pulpa merupakan urutan keempat dari 10 besar penyakit yang paling sering terjadi. Adanya fakta bahwa ketersediaan air bersih, sikat gigi dan pasta gigi di daerah Sidemen tidak sulit diperoleh, menunjukkan adanya faktor lain yang mempengaruhi tingginya kejadian karies gigi, misalnya perilaku menggosok gigi dan juga pengetahuan  orang tua dan anak terhadap karies gigi.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui prevalensi karies gigi, perilaku menggosok gigi, dan gambaran perilaku menggosok gigi terhadap kejadian karies gigi pada siswa usia sekolah dasar di wilayah Puskesmas Sidemen, Kecamatan Sidemen, Kabupaten Karangasem. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif potong-lintang yang dilakukan pada bulan Juni sampai dengan Juli 2013. Penelitian ini menggunakan 68 orang sampel yang ditentukan secara purposive random sampling pada siswa usia 7 hingga 12 tahun di SD Negeri 1 Telagatawang. Pada penelitian ini, didapatkan prevalensi karies gigi pada anak usia sekolah dasar di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Sidemen  masih tinggi (58,8%. Sebanyak 58 orang (85,3% belum menerapkan perilaku menggosok gigi yang memenuhi standar dan hanya 10 orang (14,7% yang perilaku menggosok gigi sudah memenuhi standar. Karies gigi lebih banyak dialami oleh anak-anak yang tidak memenuhi standar dalam perilaku menggosok gigi, yaitu sebanyak 63,8% (37 orang dari total 58 orang yang perilaku menggosok gigi tidak memenuhi standar. Sedangkan dari 10 orang yang memenuhi standar perilaku menggosok ternyata didapatkan sebagian besar, yaitu 7 orang (70% tidak karies. Sehingga secara umum dari penelitian ini dapat ditarik simpulan bahwa terdapat kecenderungan peningkatan presentase kejadian karies gigi pada anak dengan perilaku menggosok gigi yang salah dibandingkan yang benar.    

  19. Faktor Risiko Terjadinya Karies Baru dengan Pendekatan Kariogram pada Pasien Anak di Klinik Kedokteran Gigi Anak RSGMP Prof. Soedomo Yogyakarta

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    Putri Kusuma Wardani

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang. Faktor risiko karies adalah faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian karies pada individu dan populasi. Faktor risiko karies berbeda antar individu. Untuk menggambarkan interaksi antara faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan karies digunakan kariogram. Tujuan. Penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan gambaran urutan faktor risiko karies dengan pendekatan kariogram pada pasien anak di klinik Kedokteran Gigi Anak RSGMP Prof. Soedomo. Metode. Subjek terdiri dari 26 anak dalam periode gigi-geligi bercampur. Dilakukan pemeriksaan tentang pengalaman karies, riwayat penyakit sistemik, frekuensi makan, skor plak, aktivitas Streptococcus mutans, volume sekresi saliva, pH saliva dan program fluoridasi. Hasil pemeriksaan dianalisis menggunakan program kariogram. Hasil. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rerata persentase faktor bakteri adalah 21,1%, faktor pola makan: 18,1%, faktor kerentanan gigi: 16,1% dan faktor lain-lain: 9,5%. Kesimpulan. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa urutan faktor risiko karies dengan pendekatan kariogram adalah bakteri, pola makan, kerentanan gigi dan faktor lain-lain.   Background. Caries risk factor is factor related with caries incidence in individu and population. The caries risk factor is different between individu. For illustrating the interaction between caries related factors may be used cariogram. Aim. The aim of this research was to find out the sequence of caries risk factors from cariogram on children patients at the Clinic of Pediatric Dentistry Prof. Soedomo dental hospital. Method. Subjects were comprised 26 children in the periode of mixed dentition. Examinations were included: experience of caries, the history of systemic disease, daily meal frequency, plaque scoring, activity of Streptococcus mutans, the volume of saliva secretion, pH of saliva, and the participations of fluoridation program. The examination result were analyzed with programme cariogram. Result. The result showed that the mean of percentage

  20. HUBUNGAN STATUS SOSIAL EKONOMI ORANG TUA DENGAN KARIES PADA GIGI SULUNG ANAK UMUR 4 DAN 5 TAHUN

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    Susi Susi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakKaries merupakan masalah utama di rongga mulut anak. Kerusakan gigi sulung lebih cepat menyebar, meluas dan lebih parah dari pada gigi permanen. Karies lebih banyak ditemukan pada orang dengan status sosial ekonomi rendah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan status sosial ekonomi dengan kejadian karies pada gigi sulung anak usia 4 dan 5 tahun pada murid TK Adzkia II, TK Lillah, dan TK Mutiara Ananda di Kota Padang.Penelitian ini bersifat observasi analitik menggunakan metode cross sectional. Populasi penelitian ini adalah murid TK Adzkia II, TK Lillah, dan TK Mutiara Ananda yang berumur 4-5 tahun atau murid lokal A yang berjumlah sebanyak 59 orang, sampel yang diteliti 57 orang. Metode pengambilan data primer yaitu dengan melakukan wawancara dengan orang tua dan pemeriksaan status karies responden.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan status sosial ekonomi orang tua dari responden 75,4% tidak miskin dan status karies responden 50,9% baik. Dari responden yang tidak miskin, 46,5% memiliki status karies yang buruk, 53,5% memiliki status karies yang baik. Hasil uji statistik diperoleh tidak ada hubungan yang bermakna dari proporsi status karies responden dengan pendapatan orang tua responden.Dari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa responden dengan status sosial ekonomi tidak miskin dan status karies baik lebih dominan. Disarankan kepada sekolah agar memberikan pengetahuan tentang kesehatan gigi dan mulut secara rutin kepada murid – murid dan bagi orang tua lebih memperhatikan jajanan yang dikonsumsi oleh anaknya.Kata Kunci : karies, status sosial ekonomiAbstractCaries is a major issue in the oral cavity of children. Damage spreading deciduous teeth faster, more widespread and severe than in permanent teeth. Caries are more common in people with low socioeconomic status. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of socioeconomic parents status with the incidence of caries in primary teeth of kindergarten

  1. Kadar leptin saliva dan kejadian karies gigi anak obesitas (Salivary leptin levels and caries incidence in obese children

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    Elfrida Atzmaryanni

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Children with obesity have a lower incidence of caries. Salivary leptin levels of obese children is higher than normal children. Leptin is protein hormone, contained in saliva. Salivary proteins maintain the balance of the ecosystem in the mouth. Purpose: The article was aimed to study the correlation of salivary leptin levels with caries incidence in obese children. Review: Mouth is reflection of the health status and so many changes occur as a weight gain. Child with obesity has a low incidence of caries than normal. This condition is associated with changes in oral cavity, especially the increase in salivary leptin. Caries is a disease of hard tissues cause by the activty of microorganisms, especially Streptococcus mutans. Salivary proteins maintain the balance of the ecosystem in the mouth. Leptin is a protein saliva, produced predominantly in adipose tissue and conduct active transport to saliva. Salivary leptin works in two ways: as an antimicrobial which prevents the attachment of bacteria on tooth surface or by inducing cytokine that affect the immune system in oral cavity. Conclusion: Salivary leptin is higher in obese children than in normal children. The low incidence of caries on obesity is associated with salivary leptin. Alteration in salivary composition and flow rate also decreased caries in obesity.Latar belakang: Anak yang mengalami obesitas memiliki insiden karies yang rendah. Kadar leptin saliva anak obesitas lebih tinggi dari anak normal. Leptin merupakan salah satu protein hormon yang terdapat di saliva. Protein saliva berfungsi untuk menjaga keseimbangan ekosistem di mulut. Tujuan: Artikel ini bertujuan mempelajari hubungan antara kadar leptin di dalam saliva dengan kejadian karies anak obesitas. Tinjauan pustaka: Rongga mulut merupakan cerminan dari status kesehatan dan banyak perubahan yang terjadi seiring peningkatan berat badan seseorang. Anak Obesitas memiliki insiden karies yang rendah jika dibandingkan

  2. Trypanosoma cruzi Infection in an Indigenous Kariña Community in Eastern Venezuela

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    Mariolga Berrizbeitia

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We investigated the seroprevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi infection in an indigenous Kariña population in eastern Venezuela. A total of 175 serum samples were collected in the community of Piñantal during February 2009. Interviews targeting socioeconomic and environmental factors associated with the T. cruzi transmission were also conducted. Samples were evaluated using trypomastigote excreted/secreted antigens (TESAs in an ELISA format. TESA-ELISA positive samples were confirmed by indirect haemagglutination (HAI (Wiener. A nonsystematic collection of vectors was also undertaken. T. cruzi seroprevalence was 7.43% according to both assays, and the mean age of infected patients was 48.61±10.40 years (range 34 to 73 years. The vector infection rate was 20.00% (2/10. T. cruzi seropositivity was associated with a history of triatomine bites, the ability to recognize the vector and poor knowledge about Chagas disease, but no associations were found with gender, house type, knowledge of how the disease is transmitted, or the presence of vectors or animals inside dwellings. To our knowledge, this is the first study of the seroprevalence of T. cruzi in an indigenous population in eastern Venezuela. All of the epidemiological variables required for the establishment of active vectorial transmission of T. cruzi were present in this community.

  3. TSKT-ORAM: A Two-Server k-ary Tree Oblivious RAM without Homomorphic Encryption

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    Jinsheng Zhang

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes TSKT-oblivious RAM (ORAM, an efficient multi-server ORAM construction, to protect a client’s access pattern to outsourced data. TSKT-ORAM organizes each of the server storages as a k-ary tree and adopts XOR-based private information retrieval (PIR and a novel delayed eviction technique to optimize both the data query and data eviction process. TSKT-ORAM is proven to protect the data access pattern privacy with a failure probability of 2 - 80 when system parameter k ≥ 128 . Meanwhile, given a constant-size local storage, when N (i.e., the total number of outsourced data blocks ranges from 2 16 – 2 34 , the communication cost of TSKT-ORAM is only 22–46 data blocks. Asymptotic analysis and practical comparisons are conducted to show that TSKT-ORAM incurs lower communication cost, storage cost and access delay in practical scenarios than the compared state-of-the-art ORAM schemes.

  4. Play and expansive learning in day care / Pentti Hakkarainen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hakkarainen, Pentti

    1998-01-01

    Vaadeldakse, kuidas leiab aset õppimine tegevuses, mis teravalt vastandab tegeliku ja väljamõeldu ja kuidas lasteaia õpetajad lapsi õpetada püüdes seda moodust arvestavad. Analüüsitakse kahte näidet Soome lasteaia praktikas

  5. Geenide vaigistajad / Alar Karis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karis, Alar, 1958-

    2012-01-01

    2007. a. Nobeli meditsiini- ja füsioloogiapreemia pälvinud Mario Capecchi, Oliver Smithiesi ja Martin Evansi uurimistööde mõjust teaduse arengule ning Tartu Ülikooli transgeense tehnoloogia labori tegevusest

  6. Rüütel, Halonen ja Brown? / Eve Heinla

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    Heinla, Eve, 1966-

    2006-01-01

    James Browni kontserdil 27. juulil Tallinna laulukaare all loodetakse kaasa tõmmata ka poliitikud. Ameerika soulmuusik James Brown esitas president Arnold Rüütlile kutse laulda koos temaga duetti. Lisa: Rüütlil siiani Annaniga laulmata

  7. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and rheumatic disease in the Warao, Kari'ña, and Chaima indigenous populations of Monagas State, Venezuela.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granados, Ysabel; Rosillo, Celenia; Cedeño, Ligia; Martínez, Yanira; Sánchez, Gloris; López, Geovalis; Pérez, Fernando; Martínez, Damarys; Maestre, Gabriela; Berbin, Sol; Chacón, Rosa; Stekman, Iván; Valls, Evart; Peláez-Ballestas, Ingris

    2016-07-01

    This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and rheumatic diseases in the Warao, Kari'ña, and Chaima indigenous populations of Monagas State, Venezuela. A cross-sectional, analytical, community-based study was conducted in 1537 indigenous subjects ≥18 years old (38.6 % male, mean age 41.4 ± 17.5 years). The cross-culturally validated Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD) diagnostic questionnaire was applied. Subjects with a positive COPCORD diagnosis (either historic or current pain) were evaluated by primary care physicians and rheumatologists. A descriptive analysis was performed and comparisons made using analysis of variance and the chi-square test. Pain in the last 7 days was reported by 32.9 %, with pain intensity, according to a Likert-type scale [no pain, 195 (38.5 %); minimal pain, 231 (45.6 %); strong pain, 68 (13.4 %); intense pain, 5 (0.9 %)], 38.0 % reported historical pain, and 641 (41.7 %) had either historic or current pain. Of the COPCORD-positive subjects, pain most frequently occurred in the knee, back, and hands. Musculoskeletal and rheumatic diseases included osteoarthritis (14.1 %), back pain (12.4 %), rheumatic regional pain syndromes (RRPS) (9.7 %), undifferentiated arthritis (1.5 %), rheumatoid arthritis (1.1 %), and fibromyalgia (0.5 %). Chaima (18.3 %) and Kari'ña (15.6 %) subjects had a high prevalence of osteoarthritis, and Warao subjects had a high prevalence of low back pain (13.8 %). The prevalence of RRPS was high in all three ethnic groups. The Chaima group had the highest prevalence of rheumatic diseases, with 2.0 % having rheumatoid arthritis. This study provides useful information for health care policy-making in indigenous communities.

  8. [Life manifestations and nursing. A discussion of K.E. Løgstrup's ethics with starting point of Kari Martensen's and Patricia Benner's dialogs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lomborg, K

    1997-11-14

    This article discusses philosophical questions of ethics dealing with nursing as well as other human activities. The purpose is: 1) To communicate the content, status and function of the phenomenon "manifestation of life", as described by the Danish philosopher and theologian K.E. Løgstrup. 2) To discuss what Løgstrup has to teach us about ethics of care and from this point of view to discuss ethics in relation to the development of nursing. Inspired by the ongoing dialogue between the two nurses and professors Patricia Benner and Kari Martinsen about ethics in nursing the article deals in depth about with the central phenomenon "manifestation of life" as seen in relation to the positions of Benner and Martinsen. The relevance of this theme in relation to nursing is considered, and the article argues, that nurses have an obligation to matter-of-factness, and to develop nursing not only from practical experiences and reflections on concrete actions, but also by scientifically based activities. Both approaches are necessary. They are mutual conditions for development of good nursing practice.

  9. EVALUASI DAN PENGENDALIAN FAKTOR RISIKO KARIES

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    Narlan Sumawinata

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Dental caries is a multifactorial disease that it is a preventable one. The assessment and control of the risk factors, therefore, plays a significant role in evading the development of caries. Risk factors include medical and dental history, clinical, radiographic, and laboratory factors. Medical and dental history factors consist of social-economic status of the patients, age, gender, oral hygiene, fluoride exposure, the dietary carbohydrate, civilizaiton, general health, and medicaiton. Clinical factors to be assessed are dental plaque, the susceptible site of the tooth, the existing restoration, and orthodontic appliances. The laboratory factors evaluate the conditions of the saliva i.e. the buffer capacity, flow rate, and the presence of caries-related microorganisms such as mutans streptococci, lactobacilli, or yeast. As caries is caused by three main factors (host, cariogenic substrate, and microflora the control of the above mentioned factors consist of increasing the resistance of the host, evading the cariogenic substrate and microflora, and suppressing the modulator that increasing caries activity.

  10. PERANAN KEBIASAAN MEROKOK TERHADAP INSIDENSI KARIES

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    Widijanto Sudhana

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Cigarette smoking has long been suspected to be associated with a variety of oral conditions including dental caries. However, the association between habitual smoking with the caries incidence have to be further elucidated. The caries epidemiological data were reported significantly higher among smokers compared to non-smokers. Further, a retrospective study on the relationship between habitual cigarette smoking and specific pattern of dental decay has been reported that a specific type of decay occurs in term of form, location, and pathology. Although there are still controversial data, in the respect of oral hygiene, plaque index reported greater in smokers, while smokers showed decreased levels of salivary IgA, buffer capacity, and pH when compared with non-smokers. It can be concluded, there are relationship between smoking and the caries incidence indicated by several epidemiological data. However, further biomedical and studies on the influence of smoking on the caries development are still needed.

  11. Strategies for Naming Tourist Sites in Botswana | Kari | Marang ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper aims at establishing and discussing the strategies for naming tourist sites in the languages of Botswana using a descriptive approach. In addition, the paper attempts a classification of these tourist sites in respect of personalities or objects after which these sites are named. The data for this paper are largely ...

  12. Föräldrars kunskaper om kost och karies

    OpenAIRE

    Hamiti, Edona; Weinås, Ingrid

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate parents' knowledge about diet and dental caries. The survey was conducted using a structured questionnaire consisting of 19 questions regarding knowledge of diet and caries, and preventive measures. The questionnaires were distributed to parents who were visiting a dental hygienist or prophylaxis nurse with their children aged 0-3 years. A total of 88 completed surveys were collected. The study showed that the majority of the parents had knowledge ...

  13. Central Delta languages: An overview | Kari | Stellenbosch Papers ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper presents an overview of the phonology, morphology and syntax of Central Delta languages. It also provides information on the geo-linguistic, demographic and sociolinguistic situation of these languages. It notes that Central Delta languages have a 20-vowel system, which divides into two sets of 10 vowels ...

  14. Word formation strategies in Degema | Kari | South African Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A significant observation that this article makes, and which has cross-linguistic implications, is that it is difficult to draw a neat line between inflection and derivation, as certain prefixes and circumfixes in Degema not only create new words, which is a derivational function, but also mark number, which is an inflectional ...

  15. Attitudes towards English in Ghana Kari Dako Millicent Akosua ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Our data reveal that parents believe early exposure to English enhances academic performance; English is .... their own bilingualism? What is the relationship between identity, attitude to English and attitude to .... exposure to English promoted higher academic performance in the child (Quarcoo, 2006). In very many higher ...

  16. Attitudes towards English in Ghana Kari Dako Millicent Akosua ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In a second-language situation, the official language will .... P a g e | 22 the mother tongue2 (L1)? Is speaking English and a local language in Ghana viewed as a social handicap, as without merit, or as an important .... speaking and listening than in guided language acquisition through reading – irrespective, it appears,.

  17. TERAPI PENGGANTIAN STRAIN SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENCEGAHAN KARIES GIGI

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    Retno Indrawati Roestamadji

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Dental caries is a unique multifactorial infectious disease. In recent years, the prevalence of dental caries in most western countries has steadily declined. By contrast study done in some developing countries such as Zambia, Nigeria, Thailand and Indonesia showed a marked increase in dental caries. Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans is the most important agent of human caries. Cariogenic feature of these bacteria include synthesis intracellular polysaccharide, extracellular polysaccharide, lactic acid production and ability to survive in low pH levels. Potentially, caries can be reduced by interfering with transmission of S . mutans, eliminating established S. mutanspopulations from the oral cavity, increasing the acid resistance of the teeth and control and control of the carbohydrate composition of the diet. Oral anti mutans vaccines have been demonstrated in the laboratory, the costs involved in the development for human are relatively high. Studies Strain replacement therapy is a great promise in implantation of benign oral microbial strain capable of successfully competing with S. mutans.

  18. Privalomosios karo tarnybos karių fizinio ugdymo ypatumai

    OpenAIRE

    Godliauskas, Mindaugas

    2005-01-01

    Young men who come to serve in National Defence service every year are physically weaker. Soldier physical training program has to improve their physical qualification necessary for their military-professional activities. Goal of the work. Analyze contents of physical training program of Lithuanian Army MBP “Gelezinis Vilkas” Guard of Honor Company at the time of the service and by means of pedagogical experiment survey its efficiency. 160 mandatory military service soldiers have been surveye...

  19. Google Forms aitab treeningpäevikut luua / Karis Niisuke

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niisuke, Karis

    2015-01-01

    1.09.2015 riigigümnaasiumina alustanud Jõhvi Gümnaasium seadis õpetajad uude olukorda, tuli leida toimivad lahendused muutunud õppekorraldusega toimetulekuks. Nii sündis veebipõhise treeningpäeviku lahendus Google Forms näol

  20. POLA KARIES PENDERITA KARSINOMA NASOFARING YANG MEMPEROLEH TERAPI RADIASI

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    Ratna Meidyawati

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Therapy of radiation is chosen therapy for oral cancer especially Carcininoma Nasopharynx, however, often caused changes in normal tissue in the oral cavity. Based on the anamneses of the patient, they have dry mouth since the disturbance of the function of parotid salivary gland has causing the saliva amount become lower. This condition can encourage the caries process. From all of the five cases occurred after the radiation between one month until six years the time, extended damage is seen, demineralization with a small cavity, and discoloring teeth color into brown.

  1. Kariogram dan Peranannya dalam Meramalkan Kemungkinan Terjadinya Karies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safrida Hoesin

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Cariogram is an instrument which was prepared to estimate caries occurrence among the 18 years old (Branthall et al. 1996. In the Cariogram, parameters of caries interation were consist of diet, susceptible tooth, bacteria and circumstances. However, some of the points in parameters such as colony count and topical fluoride or water fluoridation were not widely known in Indonesia. The aim of this report is to modify a Cariogram for the 12 year old children based on an epidemiological observation which subjects were selected in a randomized stratified sampling. The data were analysed in a multiple logistic regression technique. As a result of the study revealed that new parameters of a modified Cariogram model were slightly different from the original: however, it could be introduced as a model of caries reduction to support the national promotive and preventice program.

  2. Perbandingan Jumlah Koloni Bakteri Saliva pada Anak-Anak Karies dan Non Karies Setelah Mengkonsumsi Minuman Berkarbonasi

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    Rendra Chriestedy Prasetya

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Dental caries and periodontal disease are well established and common in Indonesia, and both of these diseases are major concerns for the oral and dental health. The objective of this study was to compare the differences in children with and without caries in terms of colony bacteria in the saliva, and the changes before and after consumption of carbonated drink. The study was conducted on Al-Qodiri elementary school students who were 10-12 years old. Saliva was collected before and after consumption (for 2 min of a carbonated drink. T-test was used to analyze the results. The results of the study showed that there was a significant difference (p<0.05 between the caries and non-caries groups.DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v15i1.86

  3. EFEKTIFITAS PENCEGAHAN KARIES DENGAN A TRAUMATIC RESTORATIVE TREATMENT DAN TUMPATAN GLASS IONOMER CEMENT DALAM PENGENDALIAN KARIES DI BEBERAPA NEGARA

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    Magdarina Destri Agtini

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Worldwide caries is still mainly problem in oral and dental diseases. In developing countries 30%-90% of 12-years old children do not get oral and dental treatment. In Indonesia, several programs have been implemented to improve oral and dental health status for all age groups. How over, a few reports/National dental health profile showed that mean DMF-T tend to increase, year 1970 DMF-T=0,70, 1980 DMF-T= 2,30, 1990 DMF-T=2,70, and National Health Research (Riskesdas 2007 DMFT=4,8. In National Health Research 2007, it was revealed 29,8% of active caries found in 12-years old children. If the active caries are not managed further complication will occure that may cause teeth extraction. An early teeth extraction can influence mastication and general health. Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART is a preventive and restorative approach for managing carious lesions ofthe teeth. It constitutes of hand instruments only (no electric drills used for widening cavity openings and for excavating soft decayed tissue from within the cavity, followed by the application of an adhesive dental material, usually a high-viscosity glass-ionomer (GIC filling material, into the cavity and over the adjacent pits and fissures. ART-GIC consepts are minimally invasive, inhibit further progression ofdental caries., preventive, as well as curative. Effectiveness of ART-GIC can be determined by successrate of ART-GIC fillings (F and effect of ART-GIC on both Decayed (D and Performance Treatment Index (PTI. Several studies showed that success rate ART-GIC are varies, around 71%-85%. There is no significant difference of success rate ART-GIC between dentis and dental nurses. The highest rate of Fluor release occurred on the first day after ART-GIC filling. Further more ART-GIC also inhibit new caries, as well as inhibit increased DMF-T. The increasing of F, may influence improvement of PTI (PTI around 50%-52%. Additional can improve dental health services. It is suggested that implementation of ART-GIC is needed in outreach areas with limited facilities; in all primary schools,all health services, under-5 years children, geriatric groups (Panti Wreda. As an alternative way to conduct ART-GIC development through dental nurses. More over suggested, although it is a simple method, a careful implementation of ART-GIC are need to be concern. Thus sustainability of continuing ART-GIC education and training is needed. Key words: Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART, Glass lonomer Cement (GiC, Efektifitas ART dan GIC

  4. Vliv kariérového přechodu na kariérní úspěch zaměstnance

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    Hana Klupáková

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article: The career has in the 21st century new direction. The classic career ladder has no more importance. This new career direction brings new perception of career success. So it has to be identified career success factors. Methods: It was conducted quantitative research; data were collected by questionnaires for employees who made a career transition in the last five years. The data were processed with MS Excel and Statistics. Data were purified, and characterized with descriptive statistics. To identify factors it was performed factor analysis using PCA with Varimax factors rotation. Relationships between variables were tested by analysis of variance and t-tests. Scientific aim is to prove the career transition effect on employees’ career success and characterize these effects of variable type of career transition. Findings: It was proved the detention between mobility type and type of career transition. Employees, who are transferred within a company, are changing job usually upward, while the transition between companies is mostly to jobs unrelated to last job position. Furthermore it was identified three factors of career success, one subjective and 2 objective. It was statistically confirm the influence of career transition type on subjective career success and impact of mobility type on the objective career success. Conclusions: Results indicate that the greatest satisfaction brings career transition up the career ladder, while transition into unrelated jobs (decisions under risk leads to dissatisfaction increase. We can say that employees who remain in company feel usually „happier“ and although they may feel relatively unhappy, cannot suffer the disappointment in expectations. Career transition affects career success in a predictable direction. So companies can prepare to provide certainty and stability in familiar situations, as they have to anchor employees in the company and work group if they come for unrelated job position or environment.

  5. Pengaruh Pengunyahan Permen Karet dengan Pemanis Xylitol terhadap Penurunan Risiko Karies Gigi

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    Wahyu Sulistiadi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to assess the relation between the use of xylitol chewing gum and risk of dental caries. The sample was taken from a population of 800 (120 samples. Standard equipment was used in observing the dental plaque, salivary flow rate and pH of the saliva from patients using xylitol chewing gum or non xylitol chewing gum. The results were analyzed using the t-test (one tailed with 95% confidence intervals (α ≤ 0.05. The results show a significant effect of chewed xylitol gum with increased pH in saliva, increased salivary flow rate (SFR, and decreased plaque score.

  6. Pengaruh Pengunyahan Permen Karet dengan Pemanis Xylitol terhadap Penurunan Risiko Karies Gigi

    OpenAIRE

    Wahyu Sulistiadi

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the relation between the use of xylitol chewing gum and risk of dental caries. The sample was taken from a population of 800 (120 samples). Standard equipment was used in observing the dental plaque, salivary flow rate and pH of the saliva from patients using xylitol chewing gum or non xylitol chewing gum. The results were analyzed using the t-test (one tailed) with 95% confidence intervals (α ≤ 0.05). The results show a significant effect of chewed xylitol...

  7. Karies - Korrelation quantitative lichtinduzierte Fluoreszenz, Mikrohärte und Mikroradiographie

    OpenAIRE

    Müller-Stahl, Florian

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this in-vitro study was to investigate the extent of autofluorescence in carious human dentine in comparison to the established caries diagnostic methods of microhardness testing, microradiography and histology. For this, 21 extracted, permanent human teeth with dentine lesions were chosen and embedded in methylmethacrylate. Then they were sectioned through the centre of the lesion, and approximately 150 µm thin slices were prepared parallel to the cut surface. The microhardness wa...

  8. PRODUKSI ANTIBODI KUNING TELUR (IGY) ANTI STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS SEBAGAI ANTI KARIES GIGI

    OpenAIRE

    Okti Nadia Poetri; Retno D. Soejoedono

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore IgY anti Streptococcus mutan production and the ability of Igy Streptococcus mutans blocking adhesion process. The eggs was collected from Single Comb Brown Leghorn which have been immunized by S. mutan. Agar gel precipitation test was done to detect IgY anti S. mutans in serum and egg. Egg which Countain IgY anti S. mutans was collected. IgY anti S. mutans extracted from egg yolk by mean s PEG-Amonium sulfat and purified using fast protein liquid chromato...

  9. KARIES GIGI ANAK SMA BRONKHIALE USIA 3-6 TAHUN (Laporan Penelitian

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    Rinati Adrin

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the difference of oral hygiene and teeth caries in children with asthma bronchiale, age 3-6 years with several levels of frequency of asthma attack. Fifty children with asthma bronchiale were chosen from Pulmonology Clinic University of Indonesia RSCM. This study used Green and Vermilion to assess the oral hygiene and def-t index for measured caries. The frequency of asthma attack was amount of attack of children using drugs per year. The sample was divided into 3 groups. The first group consists of children with asthma 2-6 attacks per year. Second group with 7-12 attacks per year, and the third group more than 12 times per year. One way ANOVA test showed that the oral hygiene and def-t had significant differences between the three groups (p>0.001. Tukey test showed that oral hygiene had significant differences between the group I-II, I-III, II-III respectively (p>0.001. There was a strong correlation between oral hygiene and frequency of asthma attack (r=0.68, def-t and frequency of asthma attacks (r-0.75, and oral hygiene and caries (r-0.85.

  10. Usaha untuk Mempertahankan Jaringan Gigi yang Sehat dalam Menanggulangi Lesi Karies dengan Konsep Pendekatan Preventif

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edi Hartini Sundoro

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Recommendation that a preventive and less invasive approach has been developed. The consequences are that new concepts in the treatment of caries lesion has also been proposed. In these new concepts preservation of healthy tooth structure should be emphasized. With regard to these new concepts treatment of initial caries lesion, minimal and tunnel preparation, preventive resin restoration and atraumatic restorative treatment will be reviewed.

  11. Riik räägib rahvale: soomekeelsed korraldused Rootsi ajal / Kari Tarkiainen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarkiainen, Kari, 1938-

    2017-01-01

    Rootsis 16. sajandist alates kuninga ja lääniülemate avaldatud korraldustest, mida levitati kas rahvakoosolekutel või kirikukantslist ette lugedes. Selle tava kodifitseeritimisest 1686. a kirikuseadusega nin korralduste ettelugemisest ja tõlkimisest soome keelde

  12. Hubungan Antara Status Gizi dengan Karies Gigi pada Murid-Murid di Sekolah Dasar Kecamatan Karangantu

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    Nurlaila AM Abdullah Mashabi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Several studies in Indonesia have attempted to correlate nutritional status with dental caries. The aim of this study was to find out the relation between nutritional status and dental caries disease of schoolchildren aged 9-14 years in Karangantu and Pamarican II elementary schools. The study design was cross-sectional with 200 students as respondents. Antopometry was used to measure nutritional status, and status of dental caries was measured by using DMF-T index. The correlation and differences of these variables were analyzed by using Anova and T-test. The results showed there was no correlation between nutritional statuls and dental caries (p>0.01. The implied conclusion is that food intake of students did not have significant effect on the breakout of caries.

  13. EFEKIVITAS BIAYA MODEL PENCEGAHAN KARIES DAN GINGIVITIS PADA PROGRAM UKGS DKI JAKARTA

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    Laksmi Dwiati

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In dental health community programmes there are several kind of efficiency application patron such as dental health programme worthy to do, like comparing various alternatives procedures in a dental health programmes. Cost effectiveness analysis (CEA is becoming increasingly popular as society moved toward rationalizing dental health cost to optimized programmes. CEA compares the cost of procedure with its effectiveness thus helping an adiminstrator to judge whether the procedure is worth itrs cost. CEA also permit comparison of various interventions that result in a similar dental health outcome. A major benefit of CEA is that it forces decision maker to confront the trade-offs implicit in all decision regarding alternative approaches. Caries dentis and gingivitis are still aserious oral health problem to solve especially for primary school student. Curative effort is relative more expensive, so it was chosen alternative for preventing caries must be together with preventing gingivtis. The purpose of the research is gerring the cost effective moel of preventive caries and gingivitis for a primary school student at DKI Jakarta. The opportunity cost of alternative model preventive caries and gingivitis intervention such a modern dentistry approach (Fissure Sealant and Oral-Hygiene instruction procedures by the dentist to compare against model routine intervention approach (fluoride mouth rinsing and ART procedures by the full time dentist or by dentist together with teachers along with the relative effectiveness of preventive treatment. In this quasi experiment research with multistage randomized designed we use respondent of all primary school student in DKI Jakarta for two different treatment group. Fissure Sealant and Oral Hygiene Instruction procedures by the Dentist were judged to be more cost effective than fluoride mouthrinsing and ART procedures by the dentist together with teachers, or by the full time dentist.

  14. Regional long-term development of innovative capability in SMEs / Risto Pulkkainen, Matti Lintuniemi, Kari Kempas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pulkkainen, Risto

    2004-01-01

    Väikeste ja keskmise suurusega ettevõtete uuendusvõimet hinnatakse kõige enam kohalike innovatsiooniteenuste, nagu näiteks kiire reageerimisvõime ja strateegiline koostöö, järgi. Illustreeriva näitena kasutatakse Helsingi Tehnikaülikoolis Lahti regiooni jaoks välja töötatud regionaalsete innovatsiooniteenuste mudelit. Lühikokkuvõte 2002. aastal läbiviidud uuringu tulemustest, mille käigus selgitati välja ettevõtete kogemused nimetatud mudeliga ning suhtumine sellesse. Skeemid. Tabelid

  15. Vanhan Suomen arkistot : arkiven från Gamla Finland / Kari Takiainen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tarkiainen, Kari, 1938-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Vanhan Suomen arkistot: arkiven från Gamla Finland, toimittaneet Eljas Orman, Jyrki Paaskoski, Arkistolaitoksen yleiluettelo VI, Suomalaisen Kirjallisuuden seuran toimituksia, 1385 (Porvoo 2012), 400 lk.

  16. Russian oil exports : the Baltic Sea remains important route / Kari Liuhto

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liuhto, Kari

    2003-01-01

    Kui Venemaa jätkab naftatranspordi suurendamist Läänemere sadamate kaudu, siis paneb see EL-i ja Venemaa suhted tõsiselt proovile, leiab autor ning et keskkonnale kõige ohutum viis naftat Venemaalt läände eksportida oleks läbi Murmanski sadama Põhja-Jäämeres. Tabel: Venemaa toornafta eksport 2002. aastal.

  17. PRODUKSI ANTIBODI KUNING TELUR (IGY ANTI STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS SEBAGAI ANTI KARIES GIGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okti Nadia Poetri

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to explore IgY anti Streptococcus mutan production and the ability of Igy Streptococcus mutans blocking adhesion process. The eggs was collected from Single Comb Brown Leghorn which have been immunized by S. mutan. Agar gel precipitation test was done to detect IgY anti S. mutans in serum and egg. Egg which Countain IgY anti S. mutans was collected. IgY anti S. mutans extracted from egg yolk by mean s PEG-Amonium sulfat and purified using fast protein liquid chromatography. The purity of Igy anti S. mutans was determined by UV spectropometer. Biological activities of Igy anti S. mutans to inhibit adhession process was learned by anti adhesion test. We use two dose of IgY, which is 100 ug and 500 ug. Igy anti S. mutans formen in serum five weeks after the first immunization while it formed in egg nine weeks after the first immunization. Igy anti S. mutanss still present in serum andegg until twelve weeks from the first immunization. Igy anti S. mutanss could decrease the amount of bacteria which attach the epithelial cell surface. The amount of sticky bacteria on epithelial cell (without IgY are 40 cell bacteria/epithelial cell. After blocked by IgY anti S. mutanss the amount of bacteria turn into 30 cell bacteria/epithelial cell (for dose of 100 ug IgY and 28 cell bacteria/epitheelial cell (for dose of 500 ug IgY. This research concluded that hens were capable producing IgY anti S. mutanss in egg yolk and it can be used to solve dental caries problem which caused by S. mutanss.

  18. Estonian Attitudes towards the German Exercise of Power in Estonia 1941-1944 / Kari Alenius

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alenius, Kari, 1966-

    2012-01-01

    Eestlaste suhtumisest Saksa okupatsioonivõimudesse perioodil 1941-1944. Perioodi võib jagada kolmeks etapiks. 1941. aastal suhtuti sakslastesse heatahtlikult. Pettumus hakkas süvenema 1942. aasta talvel. Alates 1942. aasta kevadest polnud enam üksmeele leidmine võimalik

  19. HUBUNGAN POLA MAKAN DAN KEBIASAAN MENYIKAT GIGI DENGAN KESEHATAN GIGI DAN MULUT (KARIES DI INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Made Asri Budisuari

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Teeth and mouth diseases have been founded in many communities. It called dental caries. According to Household Health Survey 1997, has mentioned that 63% of the Indonesia population to suffer active dental caries or has not been handled. In further analysis which analyzed the factors related to caries in the community of Indonesia. Several factors associated with caries are characteristics of respondents, sweet eating, and tooth brushing habits. Instruments taken from the questionnaires of Riskesdas 2007: RKD07.RT (Block I, Block IV, RKD07.IND (Teeth and mouth: B25, 26, 27, 28, hygienic behavior: (D10a, 10b, behavior of consumption: (d35a, and Measurement and Inspection-Dentogram. Methods: The data analysis performed using Univariate, Bivariate, and Logistic Regression. Before the analysis, it has conducted weigth. Based on research results, indicated that individual characteristics (age, education, housing, social and economic associated with the occurrence of caries, therefore higher level of education, and level of social economic, hence there were tendency to have fewer caries above average (>2. Chi-Square test was a significant relationship. Result: Moreover, types of respondents who lived in the city at risk of caries are greater than living in the village. Communities often consume sweet foods tend to occur more caries compared with a eat pattern of fibrous foods. In addition, respondents who have a tendency to brush your teeth caries occurrence are lighter than that does not brush their teeth. For that suggested the need for information about the eat patterns can reduce the occurrence of caries, as well as increased efforts to maintain dental health within the community who had been very low. Research and information about medicinal plants that can be used by the public as an antiseptic teeth and mouth can reduce the occurrence of dental caries. School Efforts for Oral Health (UKGS and Dental Health Programs in the community need to be increased so that the prevalence of caries can be reduced. It required availability of OHI Data (Oral Hygiene Index in the coming Riskedas 2. Key words: eat patterns, dental caries

  20. Betti Alveri muuseum koos Alo Mattiiseni memoriaaltoaga rajati Jõgeval Jaama t. 3b asuvasse raudteelaste elamusse / Kari Avellan, Anu Kulbach

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Avellan, Kari

    2007-01-01

    välisvaade; muinsuskaitse eritingimused ja uuringud: Ehitusmaa OÜ, A. Kulbach, K. Avellan, projekteerija: ARC Projekt OÜ, ehitaja: AS Ervin Ehitus, sisearhitekt: O. Mellov. Rekonstrueerimine: projekt: 2000, väli- ja sisetööd: 2000-2006

  1. Transfer zaměstnanců jako možnost kariérního rozvoje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucie Linhartová

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article: Employee turnover is considered to be one of the persisting problems in organizations. This study examines how employee turnover affect employees regarding their future career grow. Paper examines the behaviour inside organizations that leads to turnover and thus transfers to new position in order to improve work conditions, role, and position and even to higher employee status. Methodology/methods: The deduction and induction method has revealed seven main causes of employee mobility: remuneration, future certainty, relationships, recognition, communication, corporate culture and expectations. The factors have been statistically tested and analysed in order to validate its impact on employee transfers. The data has been collected in two successive quantitative surveys by means of questionnaire investigation. The surveys were focus on random sample of employees (who had already left their jobs. Scientific aim: The aim of the paper is to reveal causes of employee turnover and following ways of mobility of employees to different organizations and sectors. Transfer to different organization/sector is a result of causes of employee turnover depending on the performance and affectivity of each employee. Findings: The research validated that knowledge workers who desire personal development do not care about high of salaries but they expect clear vision and performance rise. The revealed outputs allow us to assume that those employees are willing to change their job even to different sector in order to fill their needs to grow. Conclusions: The outcomes provide a specification and causes of employees’ affectivity. One third of employees leave job after futile attempt to change. Factor analysis revealed two ways of career development. 23% of employees leave organisations because of impossibility to grow. Employees notice necessary tendencies to mobility and universality, which is currently supported by programmes of the European Union.

  2. Organizational and sectoral changes in transition banking : Estonian experience / Kari Liuhto, Olga Lushtshik, Mart Sõrg...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Teadustöö käsitleb organisatsioonilisi ja sektoriaalseid arenguid Eesti pangandussektoris. Uuringu tulemuste põhjal võib järeldada, et vaatamata ebastabiilsele majanduslikule ja õiguslikule keskkonnale üleminekuperioodil, on pangandus Eestis olnud palju tulutoovam kui paljudes arenenud riikides, samal ajal on aga siirdemajanduse panganduse efektiivsus volatiilne ning ebaõnnestumise risk kõrge. Tabelid, joonised, diagrammid

  3. Faktor - Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Derajat Kaparahan Karies di Kecamatan Slawi Kabupaten Tegal Propinsi Jawa Tengah Tahun 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Febrina Setiawati

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Residence of Slawi Subdistrict, Tegal District Central Java Province have a frequent tea drinking habit with specific characters of high concentrate tea without sugar or a lot of sugar. It is acknowledged that fluor content in tea can prevent dental caries, while sugar, a sucrose type of carbohydrate in the tea is most cariogenic. The subject of the study, regarding the tea drinking habit, is to obtain information about factors correlated to severity of dental caries in residence of the Slawi Subdistrict, Tegal Distric, Central Java Province. The study type is cross sectional with a sample size of 140. The subjects of the study were residents of Slawi Subdistric with age ranging from 18 to 44 years. An interview was conducted to obtain information of tea drinking characteristics. Samples of tea, water and sugar from each subject examined in a laboratory to obtain the information about fluor and and sugar contents in tea. Saliva examination was also conducted to know its buffer capacity and flow rate. Intra oral clinical examination was conducted to obtain DMF-T and plaque scores. Statistical analysis was applied with multiple linear regression methods using SPSS 7.5 and Stata version 4. The result of the study show that caries prevalence of 76.92% in subjects with tea drinking habit without sugar. The subjects had a 2.85 DMF-T score. Meanwhile caries prevalence was 98.15% for subjects with tea drinking habit with sugar. The subjects had a 6.15 DMF-T score. The mean of fluor concentration in all subjects drinking water was 0.11 mg/l, and 5.26% for sugar content. 68.94% of DMF-T score variation concluded in the multiple linear regression model, is showed by the factors in the model.

  4. PENINGKATAN CARA MENGATASI TERJADINYA KARIES GIGI SEHUBUNGAN DENGAN POLA MAKAN ANAK TK DI KECAMATAN KENJERAN KOTAMADYA SURABAYA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuti Kusumaningsih

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this activity was to provide counseling for the parents of kindergarten children to improve their understanding on the importance of knowledge to control dental caries related to children's diet behavior. In addition, this activity also provided training for children on Dental Health Education (DHE. Target group was the mother of kindergarten children in Kenjeran Sub district, Surabaya, who were expected to be able to apply knowledge they obtained, not only for their children, but also to others, for example, mothers who were involved in Posyandu and PKK activities. Participants of counseling were 160 individuals from 5 kindergartens, represented 5 villages in Kenjeran Subdistrict, Surabaya. Counseling was done via tutorial and visualization methods, followed by question-and-answer session, discussion, questionnaire filling, and evaluation. Training on how to brush tooth properly was given to the children. Pre-counseling questionnaire was falsely answered by 57.6% of the participants, and this number decreased drastically to 4.38% after counseling was given. DHE counseling and training for kindergarten children could be easily accepted. Motivation given could produce positive effects on cognitive knowledge of the mothers and on tooth brushing skill of the children. It is expected that teeth examination and counseling on dental health can be regulary dong in view of the absence of UKGS at kindergarten level.

  5. Analisis Senyawa Kimia Minyak Atsiri Daun Kari (Murraya Koenigii L.) Dengan GC – MS Dan Uji Aktivitas Anti Bakteri

    OpenAIRE

    Lubis, Najla

    2015-01-01

    The research was conducted with the scale of laboratore. The object of this research was fresh curry leave (Murraya koenigii L). The treatment done was to isolatethe essential oil of curry leave though water distillation. To analyzed chemical components was done with mass Spectofometry – gas Cromatography. The result of gas cromatography showed 9 apexes meaning that the essential oil of curry leave. Based on analysis with spectrofotometry mass inducted that chemical compound in essential oil ...

  6. Eesti põllumajanduse töötervishoiu ja tööohutuse profiil / Marina Kempinen, Kari Kurppa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kempinen, Marina

    2005-01-01

    Eesti põllumajanduse töötervishoiu ja -ohutuse sektoraalne profiil koostati põllumajanduse töötervishoiu võrgustiku raames ühe osana Eesti-Soome koostööprojektist töötervishoiuteenuste alal (2003-2004). Tabel: SWOT-analüüsi tulemused

  7. Gebruik en emissies van CFK's en aanverwante stoffen in Nederland in 1993 en 1994

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Matthijsen AJCM; LAE

    1995-01-01

    Voor 1993 en 1994 zijn het gebruik en de emissies, per doelgroep, in Nederland in kaart gebracht voor CFK's, HCFK's, HFK's, tetrachloormethaan, 1,1,1-trichloorethaan, methylbromide en halonen. Het gebruik en de emissies van CFK's, halonen, tetrachloormethaan en

  8. Informální u č ení v karié ř e žen. / Informal learning within the career development of women.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenka Hloušková

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this text is to describe how informal learning influences the career development of women. Answer to the above mentioned question follows from a qualitative study within a research study on the topic: The needs of adults in relation to the building of their careers and how to satisfy these through career counselling andguidance services. Qualitative approach was implemented as biographic research with the use of the life story method. For the purpose of this text, we used a sample of seven women of different ages, the same degree of education, with at least one-year-work experience and with different types of changes in their careers. The data suggest that women learn informally either due to the pressure of a situation or „for the future“. If women learn as a result of the pressure of the situation, informal learning represents a tool for satisfying needs that are perceived as deficit. In fact, these women don'tplan their career development in a long-term perspective and from the point of view of career building, informal learning becomes a tool for changing the current state. In case that women learn for the future, via learning they try to satisfy needs which canbe regarded (according to Maslow as the self-realization needs. These women plan their career development and this is why it is possible to consider informal learning as a direct tool for their career development.

  9. HUBUNGAN FAKTOR RESIKO KARIES DALAM SALIVA DENGAN INDEKS DMF-T PADA PENDERITA DM TIPE II DI RSCM SUB BAGIAN ENDOKRIN (Laporan Penelitian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buddiwati Punta

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Dental caries is a multifactorial disease. The most important factors in the development of caries is saliva. Reduced salivary secretion in patients with type 2 diabetes melitus to the occurrence of caries have yielded controversial results. The aim of the study was to find out whether the risk factors of the saliva i.e. saliva secretion rate, buffer capacity, salivary S. mutans, salivary Lactobacilli, alone or in combination, could be used for prediction of caries activity. Thirty patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and age range 46-73 participated. Diabetic status was determined by fasting plasma glucose is >126mg/dl, 2-hour plasma glucose is >140mg/dl. Decayed, missing, and filled teeth indices were determined by means of clinical examination. Stimulated saliva with parafin was measured for flow rate and buffer capacity, level of S. mutans & Lactobacilli were analyzed with dentobuff and dentocult. There was no decrease in salivary secretion in patients with type 2 diabetes melitus. Significant corellation were found between buffer capacity, and combination of the S. mutans & Lactobacilli counts in caries activity.

  10. HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PERILAKU TENTANG KARIES GIGI TERHADAP INDEKS DMF-T PADA SISWA SD KELAS VI DI DAERAH KUMUH DAN TIDAK KUMUH KECAMATAN PENJARINGAN JAKARTA UTARA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratih Ariningrum

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In Indonesia town people are being increase almost twofold. Than many people have to stay in the slum areas. The health of teeth and mouth service in health centres (puskesmas is given toothache for low income people and specially for anxious people to toothache. The percentage of the toothache, pulpitis and periapical membrane diseases for people took the fourth rank from nine non contagious diseases at Kecamatan Penjaringan are 2.9% in 1999. The objectives of the research were to determine the relations of knowledge, attitude, and behavior aspect about dental caries with DMF-T index. The other objecllves were to determine the classification of slum and non­ slum areas regarding  the knowledge, attitude, and behavtor about caries on the elementary school students 6th class. Results by simple linear regression showed that DMF-T index were influenced by variables of knowledge (p = 0.041. Results by multiple linear regression showed that DMF-T index is influenced by variable of knowledge and attitude about dental (p knowledge = 0.010 and p attitude = 0.046. Results by t test proved there were the significant differences in the knowledge and attitude between elementary school students 6th class in the slum and non-slum area (p knowledge= 0.001 and p attitude= 0.029. Dental healthy of elementary school students 6th class were mfluenced by knowledge. If the variables of knowledge, attitude, and behavior were analyzed together, just variables of knowledge and attitude that influenced caries dentis (DMF-T index. The classification slum and non-slum areas influenced the knowledge and attitude of the students about dental caries.   Key words:  knowledge, attitude, practice, index DMF- T. slum and non-slum area

  11. GAMBARAN PERILAKU MENGGOSOK GIGI PADA SISWA SD KELAS SATU DENGAN KARIES GIGI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS RENDANG KARANGASEM BALI OKTOBER 2014

    OpenAIRE

    I Dewa Gede Bracika Damma Prasada

    2016-01-01

    The prevalence of dental caries in those with age more than 12 years old in Indonesia reaches 46, 5%. From the prevalence we could see that the majority of students in Indonesia have dental caries. According to RISKESDAS 2007 data, it is said that 91, 1% of Indonesian citizen with age more than 10 years old does brush their teeth every day, but only 7, 3% of them that brush their teeth 2 times a day at the right time which is in the morning after breakfast and at night before bedtime. At Rend...

  12. GAMBARAN PERILAKU MENGGOSOK GIGI PADA SISWA SD KELAS SATU DENGAN KARIES GIGI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS RENDANG KARANGASEM BALI OKTOBER 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Dewa Gede Bracika Damma Prasada

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of dental caries in those with age more than 12 years old in Indonesia reaches 46, 5%. From the prevalence we could see that the majority of students in Indonesia have dental caries. According to RISKESDAS 2007 data, it is said that 91, 1% of Indonesian citizen with age more than 10 years old does brush their teeth every day, but only 7, 3% of them that brush their teeth 2 times a day at the right time which is in the morning after breakfast and at night before bedtime. At Rendang Public Health, dental caries is one of the top 10 diseases of the year 2013. Because of that, this study is done to know the description of tooth brushing habit towards incidence of dental caries because tooth brushing is an important habit for dental caries prevention. Keywords : Caries, Tooth brushing, Habit, Prevalence

  13. The economic impact of the EU enlargement and forthcoming change in legislation of the special economic zone upon the Kaliningrad region / Kari Liuhto

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Liuhto, Kari

    2006-01-01

    Kiired majandusreformid Balti riikides ja Poolas seoses nende hiljutise Euroopa Liidu liikmelisusega tõstatab küsimuse, kuidas on see mõjutanud EL väliste siirderiikide majanduskeskkonda. Euroopa Liidu laienemise sotsiaal-majanduslik mõju Kaliningradi erimajanduspiirkonnale. Tabelid

  14. HUBUNGAN KADAR FLUOR AIR MINUM TERHADAP KARIES GIGI PADA ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN LANDONO KABUPATEN KONAWE SELATAN PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGGARA

    OpenAIRE

    Sunubi, Erni

    2013-01-01

    JURNAL MASYARAKAT EPIDEMIOLOGI INDONESIA ABSTRACT The aim of the study was to discover the correlation between potable water fluor and dental caries of elementary school children in Landono district, South Konawe regency, Southeast Sulawesi province. The study was cross sectional. The number of samples was 144 six graders elementary school children aged 12 years selected by proportional stratified random sampling. The water samples were collected from water resources consumed by the ch...

  15. Finn. unikeko contra dt. Siebenschläfer : alten und neuen Bedeutungen auf der Spur / Kari Keinästö

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Keinästö, Kari, 1950-

    2006-01-01

    Soome "unikeko" ja saksa "Siebenschläfer" (unimüts, ka seitsmemagajapäev 27. juunil): nende sõnade päritolust ja tähendustest soome ja saksa keeles, samuti samasisulistest legendidest ja rahvakalendripäevast

  16. HUBUNGAN FAKTOR RESIKO KARIES DALAM SALIVA DENGAN INDEKS DMF-T PADA PENDERITA DM TIPE II DI RSCM SUB BAGIAN ENDOKRIN (Laporan Penelitian)

    OpenAIRE

    Buddiwati Punta; Edi Hartini Sundoro

    2015-01-01

    Dental caries is a multifactorial disease. The most important factors in the development of caries is saliva. Reduced salivary secretion in patients with type 2 diabetes melitus to the occurrence of caries have yielded controversial results. The aim of the study was to find out whether the risk factors of the saliva i.e. saliva secretion rate, buffer capacity, salivary S. mutans, salivary Lactobacilli, alone or in combination, could be used for prediction of caries activity. Thirty patients w...

  17. Radiation-related caries. Etiology and possible preventive strategies. What should the radiotherapist know?; Radiogene Karies. Aetiologie und Moeglichkeiten der Praevention. Was sollte der Strahlentherapeut wissen?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schweyen, R.; Hey, J. [Martin-Luther-Univ., Halle-Wittenberg (Germany). Universitaetspoliklinik fuer Prothetik; Fraenzel, W. [Martin-Luther-Univ., Halle-Wittenberg (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Vordermark, D. [Martin-Luther-Univ., Halle-Wittenberg (Germany). Universitaetsklinik und Poliklinik fuer Strahlentherapie; Hildebrandt, G.; Kuhnt, T. [Universitaetsklinikum Rostock (Germany). Universitaetsklinik und Poliklinik fuer Strahlentherapie

    2012-01-15

    After radiation treatment of head-and-neck cancer, the impairment of patient's quality of life still remains an issue. After completion of the treatment course, a substantial number of patients develop so-called radiation caries. In addition, almost 50% of all cases of infectious osteoradionecrosis (iORN) of the jaws are directly associated with radiation caries. This review addresses our current knowledge on the etiology and pathogenesis of radiation caries including possible preventive strategies. Materials and methods A PubMed search using the terms ''radiation caries'' (''radiation related caries'', ''radiation related damage to dentition'') and ''radiogenic caries'' (''postradiation caries'', ''dental complications and radiotherapy'') was performed. The analysis of its content focused on the etiology, the pathogenesis, and the available knowledge on prophylaxis as well as treatment of radiation caries. Results For this review, 60 publications were selected. As main causal factors for radiogenic caries, either indirect impairment, resulting from alterations in the oral environment (e.g., radiation-induced xerostomia) or direct radiation-induced damage in teeth hard tissues are discussed. Radiation caries remains a lifelong threat and, therefore, requires permanent prevention programs. Conclusion To enable optimal medical care of the patients during the time course of radiotherapy as well as afterwards, close interdisciplinary cooperation between radiotherapists, oral surgeons, otorhinolaryngologists, and dentists is absolutely essential. (orig.)

  18. BK Sharma et al

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    [13] W Halonen, B G Williams and T Paakkari, Phys. Fenn. 10, 107 (1975). [14] V Halonen, I R Epstein, A C Tanner and B Williams, in Compton scattering edited by. B Williams (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1977) Ch. IV. [15] J A Beardeen and A F Burr, Rev. Mod. Phys. 39, 125 (1967). [16] F Biggs, L B Mendelsohn and J B Mann, ...

  19. Taotlused ja tulemus / Rein Tootmaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tootmaa, Rein

    2002-01-01

    Helle Karise kavandatava portreefilmide sarja "Contra mortem" esimene film "Dr. Andres Ellamaa" : operaatorid Peter Murdmaa ja Marko Piirsoo : monteerija Eero Karis : produtsendid Helle Karis ja Maret Hirtentreu : kasutatud Carl Orffi muusikat : Myth Film 2002

  20. Doktor Ellamaa elutants / Linnar Priimägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Priimägi, Linnar, 1954-

    2002-01-01

    Helle Karise kavandatava portreefilmide sarja "Contra mortem" esimene film "Dr. Andres Ellamaa" : operaatorid Peter Murdmaa ja Marko Piirsoo : monteerija Eero Karis : produtsendid Helle Karis ja Maret Hirtentreu : kasutatud Carl Orffi muusikat : Myth Film 2002

  1. Peranan sorbitol dalam mempertahankan kestabilan pH saliva pada proses pencegahan karies (The role of sorbitol in maintaining saliva’s pH to prevent caries process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Soesilo

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available People in Indonesia often consume food containing sucrose. If the sucrose consumed is in a large amount, it will decrease saliva’s pH and soon teeth destruction will happen. To avoid it, it is necessary to change sucrose consumption habit into another kind of sugar, namely sorbitol. Sorbitol is preferred to use, because it is cheaper and easier to get. Sorbitol is made from cassava, which is plentifully grown in Indonesia. Sorbitol is not good media for bacteria to grow. Because sorbitol has a diol, so it’s difficult to catalyst by glucosyltransferase enzyme, which is produced by bacteria Streptococcus mutans. The conclusion is that sorbitol is difficult to be fermented by Streptococcus mutans so it will not decrease saliva’s pH.

  2. Estimation of genetic diversity of the Kenyan yam (Dioscorea spp ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MUTHAMIA

    2013-10-02

    Oct 2, 2013 ... Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT),. International ... Dioscorea spp., belong to the family Dioscoreaceae and ..... University Gottingen, Germany.

  3. Meder juures Till'iga / Toomas Velmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Velmet, Toomas, 1942-

    2010-01-01

    20. veebruaril Mederi saalis toimunud kontserdist "Till Eulenspiegel", kus esinesid Katrin Matveus (viiul), Madis Kari (klarnet), Peeter Sarapuu (fagott), Rait Erikson (metsasarv) ja Mati Lukk (kontrabass)

  4. Televaatajani jõuab kodumaine arstide seriaal / Marii Karell

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karell, Marii, 1980-

    2002-01-01

    12. veebruaril tutvustab Helle Karis kavandatava portreefilmide sarja "Contra mortem" esimest filmi "Dr. Andres Ellamaa". Sarja eesti arstidest hakatakse alates aprillikuust näitama Eesti Televisioonis

  5. Maaväline lind Mark Raidpere / Fagira D. Morti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fagira D. Morti, pseud., 1974-

    2009-01-01

    Soome Vabariigi president Tarja Halonen andis 28. veebruaril 2009. aastal Kumu Kunstimuuseumis videokunstnik Mark Raidperele üle Ars Fennica kunstipreemia. Meenutusi kunstniku EHI-s õppimise ajast, esimese näituse "Ilo" avamisest Vaal galeriis. Mark Raidpere loomingu mõistmisest

  6. Videokunstnik Mark Raidpere tõi Ars Fennica auhinna Eestisse / Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juske, Ants, 1956-2016

    2009-01-01

    Auhinna andis 28. veebruaril Mark Raidperele üle Soome riigipea Tarja Halonen. Lühidalt Ars Fennica kunstiauhinnast. Preemia nominentide - Maria Duncker, Tea Mäkipää, Seppo Renvall, Katrina Neiburga, Mark Raidpere - tööde näitus on avatud Kumu Kunstimuuseumis 26. aprillini

  7. Tony Blair : hinnatud ja vihatud / Tõnis Arnover

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Arnover, Tõnis, 1952-

    2007-01-01

    Lahkuva Suurbritannia peaministri Tony Blairi karjäärist poliitikas. Vt. samas: CV; Blairi uus väljakutse Lähis-Idas. Kommenteerivad USA president George W. Bush, Euroopa Komisjoni esimees Jose Manuel Barroso, Soome president Tarja Halonen ja Iirimaa peaminister Bertie Ahern

  8. Conference highlights slow extinction of Finno-Ugric minorities in Russia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Soome-ugri rahvaste IV maailmakongressist 15.-19. aug. Tallinnas, kus peateemaks oli soome-ugri rahvaste ja keelte säilitamine. Kongressist võtsid president Arnold Rüütli kõrval osa ka Soome president Tarja Halonen ja Ungari president Ferenc Madl

  9. Effect of greenhouse gas emissions on stratospheric ozone depletion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Velders GJM; LLO

    1997-01-01

    De aantasting van de ozonlaag wordt voornamelijk veroorzaakt door de toename in emissie van chloor- en broomhoudende verbindingen als CFK's, halonen, koolstoftetrachloride, methylchloroform en methylbromide. Emissies van broeikasgassen kunnen de aantasting van de ozonlaag be-invloeden via

  10. Scenario study of the effects of CFC, HCFC and HFC emissions on stratospheric ozone

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Velders GJM; LLO

    1995-01-01

    Antropogene emissies van chloor- en broomhoudende verbindingen worden algemeen beschouwd als de belangrijkste veroorzakers van de aantasting van de ozonlaag in de afgelopen twee decennia. De toekomstige concentraties in de atmosfeer van ozonlaag aantastende stoffen (CFK's, HCFK's, halonen

  11. Vibrational spectra of nickel metalloporphyrins: An algebraic approach

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    especially after the development of quantum mechanics in the first part of the 20th century. This is because quantum ... Lie algebras) did not however develop fully until the 1970s, when it was introduced in a systematic fashion by Arima and Iachello in ... oped by Halonen and Child [10]. The algebraic approach of vibrational ...

  12. Pärnumaalased mäletavad Lennart Merit särava riigimehe ning lihtsa ja muheda inimesena

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Lennart Meri (29.III 1929 - 14. III 2006). Meenutavad: Toomas Kivimägi, Mark Soosaar, Tarmo Kohv, Vello Järvesalu, Einar Kelder, Mart Kuuskmann, Anu Saare, Rosaali Karjam, Virve Köster, Raivo Trass, Allar Kaasik, Väino Linde, Eesti president Arnold, Soome president Tarja Halonen, Leedu president Valdas Adamkus, Marju Lauristin, Andres Tarand ja Tõnis Lukas

  13. Presidendiproua sai proua presidendilt kepid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Soome riigivisiidi ajal kingiti proua Evelin Ilvesele Oulu firma Polar pulsimõõtja. Soome president Tarja Halonen kinkis president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesele ja proua Evelin Ilvesele kepikõnni kepid. Vabariigi President riigivisiidil Soome Vabariiki 14.-16.03.2007

  14. Lower pay for equal work / Matt Garrick

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garrick, Matt

    2011-01-01

    30. juunil Vilniuses toimunud demokraatiat suurendavatele naistele pühendatud konverentsil räägiti suhtumisest naistesse ja naisjuhtidesse. Konverentsist võtsid osa ka Leedu president Dalia Grybauskaite, Soome riigipea Tarja Halonen ja USA riigisekretär Hillary Clinton

  15. Referencing military service qualifications of the Republic of Lithuania to the Lithuanian qualifications framework

    OpenAIRE

    Liesionienė, Odeta; Nazelskis, Eugenijus; Tūtlys, Vidmantas

    2014-01-01

    Šiame straipsnyje tyrinėjamas Lietuvos Respublikos karių kvalifikacijų priskyrimas Lietuvos kvalifikacijų sandaros lygmenims. Straipsnio autorių siūloma karių kvalifikacijų susiejimo su Lietuvos kvalifikacijų sandara struktūra iš esmės padeda atskleisti karių kvalifikacijų lygmenų ypatumus ir skirtumus bei įvertinti šių kvalifikacijų atitikimą Lietuvos kvalifikacijų sandaros lygmenims. This paper analyses the issue of referencing military service qualifications of the Republic of Lithuania...

  16. Scenario study of the effects of CFC, HCFC and HFC emissions on stratospheric ozone

    OpenAIRE

    Velders GJM; LLO

    1995-01-01

    Antropogene emissies van chloor- en broomhoudende verbindingen worden algemeen beschouwd als de belangrijkste veroorzakers van de aantasting van de ozonlaag in de afgelopen twee decennia. De toekomstige concentraties in de atmosfeer van ozonlaag aantastende stoffen (CFK's, HCFK's, halonen en aanverwante stoffen) hangen af van het toekomstige gebruik van deze stoffen, dat sterk wordt gereguleerd door het Protocol van Montreal en de amendementen daarop. De toestand van de ozonlaag in ...

  17. DETERMINATION AND STUDY OF NARRATION TOOLS IN ‘HUSBAND AND WIFE TALE’ OF AHMET MİTHAT EFENDİ AHMET MİTHAT EFENDİ’NİN “KARI KOCA MASALI”NDA ANLATI ARAÇLARININ TESPİTİ VE İNCELEMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadir Can DİLBER

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The work, named “Husband and Wife Tale”, written by Ahmet Mithat Efendi; though it does not bear the characteristics expected from a tale, has as impressive structure as the tales in terms of reading. Using the expression “tale” in the work, the author inevitably exhibits an ironic demeanor. People reading the tale expect to hear a husband and wife tale. Yet, a different story and voice greet the person inside the text. The dialogues inside the text direct us to monologue expression, however it is not a simple narration. In order to determine the narration tools in this narration text, we tried to make use of Chatman’s methodology. According to this methodology, the narration is split into two as the story and the expression. What appear in the “Husband and Wife Tale”, which we have tried to evaluate within this frame are dialogues of the narrator and the author. These dialogues signify that the narration has an upper fiction quality. Then we meet the author, who plans to make the story be read until the end by a delay and distraction tactic. We listened to a range of subjects from philosophy to mathematics from husband and wife expressions within the text. We witnessed fictive agreement of the author, who is in search of the ideal reader, with the reader. Ahmet Mithat Efendi’nin kaleme aldığı “Karı Koca Masalı” isimli eser, bir masaldan beklenen özellikleri taşımasa da okunabilirliği açısından masallar kadar etkili bir yapıya sahiptir. Eserin içerisinde masal tabirini kullanan yazar aslında ister istemez ironik bir tavır sergilemiş olur. Masalı alıp okuyan insanların beklentisi bir karı koca masalı duymaktır. Ancak metin içerisine girildiğinde farklı bir hikâye ve ses ile karşılaşılır. Metin içerisindeki karşılıklı konuşmalar bizi iç monolog terimine yönlendirse de basit bir anlatı metni değildir. Bu anlatı metnindeki anlatı araçlarını tespit edebilmek için Chatman’ın metodolojisinden yararlanmaya çalıştık. Bu metodolijiye göre anlatı kendi içerisinde öykü ve söylem diye ikiye ayrılır. Bu çerçeve de değerlendirmeye çalıştığımız “Karı Koca Masalı”nda ilk karşımıza çıkan şey, anlatıcı ve yazarın karşılıklı konuşmaları olur. Bu konuşmalar, anlatının üst kurmaca bir niteliğe sahip olduğunu bize gösterir. Daha sonra bir geciktirme ve oyalama taktiği ile hikâyeyi sonuna kadar okutmayı planlayan yazar ile karşılaştık. Metin içerisinde karı koca tabirlerinden felsefe ve matematiğe kadar uzanan farklı konuları dinledik. İdeal okurunu arayan yazarın okur ile girdiği kurmaca anlaşmasına tanık olduk.

  18. Strength of roadbeds built of solidified coal ash or foamed asphalt. Application thereof to temporary roads for construction work in Tachibanawan power plant site; Sekitanbai kokatai roban to formed asphalt roban no kyodo tokusei. Tachibanawan hatsudensho konai kari doro eno tekiyo jirei to hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suesawa, H.; Iwahara, H.; Isakura, M. [Shikoku Electric Power Co., Inc., Kagawa (Japan)

    1998-11-05

    For the construction of a solidified coal ash roadbed, desulfurized gypsum and a small amount of slaked lime are added to coal ash that is the main material, moisture is adjusted, the resultant moist powder is mixed in a screw-type mixer and transported aboard a dump truck to the construction site, and then solidified by rollers. The material is easy to install, and the roadbed is high in serviceability. With no serious damage occurring in the paved surface for nine months after the placement, the road keeps on functioning satisfactorily as a provisional road for use in the execution of the construction work. Foamed asphalt is prepared by adding water to asphalt in the liquid state at high temperature for the formation of fine foam for a 10-15 times expansion of the asphalt volume. Such asphalt is lower in surface tension and enhanced in adhesiveness to other materials, and mixes completely with the road materials at normal temperature for the construction of a reinforced roadbed. The foamed asphalt covers only fine aggregate but not coarse aggregate, and the latter is tightly solidified by bitumen etc. by tamping for the realization of a strong structure. Foamed asphalt is a material that works effectively when used for a road where dynamic load is dominant. 8 refs., 18 figs., 7 tabs.

  19. The Torus Routing Chip

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Dally, William J; Seitz, Charles L

    1986-01-01

    The torus routing chip (TRC) is a self-timed chip that performs deadlock-free cut-through routing in k-ary n-cube multiprocessor interconnection networks using a new method of deadlock avoidance called virtual channels...

  20. Muusikalised maiuspalad raekojas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    26. juulil Pärnu raekojas toimuvast kontserdist "Grande Serenade", esitusel Johann Hummeli serenaadid (Grande Serenade), esinevad Arvo Leibur (viiul), Heiki Mätlik (kitarr), Madis Kari (klarnet), Aare Tammesalu (tšello) ja Tarmo Eespere (klaver)

  1. South African Journal of Education - Vol 25, No 4 (2005)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effects of transformational leadership on human resource management in primary schools · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. Prakash Singh, Kari Lokotsch, 279-286 ...

  2. Soome-ugri teadusmeeste luuleraamatud / Livia Viitol

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viitol, Livia, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    Arvustus: Pusztay, János. Talvesina / [tõlkinud ja järelsõna: Arvo Valton]. Tallinn : Kirjastuskeskus, 2009 ; Sallamaa, Kari. Tiibklaveri kaanele kirjutatud loits / [tõlkinud Jaan Õispuu]. Tallinn : Kirjastuskeskus, 2009

  3. Development of KPLO Science Data Archive for Public Release

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, J. H.; Choi, Y.-J.; Kim, B.-Y.

    2017-06-01

    Korea Aerospace Research Institute is carrying out development of KARI Planetary Data System for public release of the scientific measurement data of the Korean domestic science instruments onboard the Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter.

  4. Avameelne lugu teisest Välis-Eestist / Rainer Vilumaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilumaa, Rainer

    2005-01-01

    Rootsieestlase Kari Bie Erenurme isikunäitus "Karmavõlg" Hobusepea galeriis. Kunstnik jutustab avameelset pihtimuslugu fotograafia, audio-video, installatsiooni ja kollaazhi vahenditega. Autori lühibiograafia

  5. Manager- bändikarjääri disainija ja kokkusõlmija / Paul Cheeetham, Tapio Korjus, Petri H. Lunden ...[jt.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cheetham, Paul

    2010-01-01

    Muusikamanageride Paul Cheethami, Tapio Korjuse, Petri H. Lundeni, Kari Pössi ja Rasmus Stolbergi arvamusi oma tööst ja nõuannetest eesti ansamblitele, kes tahavad oma karjääri teha rahvusvahelisel areenil

  6. Civic engagement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Puuronen, Vesa; Saari, Kari; Neuvonen, Samuli

    2014-01-01

    Vesa Puuronen, Kari Saari, Samuli Neuvonen, Niko Eskelinen and Klaus Levinsen (2014). (Ch 6), in Mark Ellison and Gary Pollock: Deliverable 4.6: Measuring participation. Europe-wide thematic report....

  7. Estonian Airi Boeing sattus kaks korda hädaolukorda / Krister Kivi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivi, Krister, 1975-

    2011-01-01

    Estonian Airi Boeing ES-ABL sattus 2011. aasta algus kahel korral ohtlikku olukorda. Lennuamet tegi Estonian Airile ettekirjutuse, kuid seda pole ameti kodulehel avaldatud. Lennufirma kapteni ja lennuohutuse inspektori Andreas Kari, lennuameti selgitusi

  8. Experiment list: SRX080420 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ription=B-lymphocyte, lymphoblastoid, International HapMap Project, CEPH/Utah pedigree 1459, treatment: Epst...nternational HapMap Project, CEPH/Utah pedigree 1459, Treatment: Epstein-Barr Virus transformed || cell kary

  9. Studying the Logone floodplain, Cameroon, as a coupled human ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Studying the Logone floodplain, Cameroon, as a coupled human and natural system. M Moritz, S Laborde, SC Phang, M Ahmadou, M Durand, A Fernandez, IM Hamilton, S Kari, B Mark, P Scholte, N Xiao, R Ziebe ...

  10. Effects of covering highland banana stumps with soil on banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) oviposition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Masanza, M.; Gold, C.S.; Huis, van A.; Ragama, P.E.

    2005-01-01

    The effect of covering post-harvest banana stumps with soil on banana weevil Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar) oviposition levels was investigated at three locations, Sendusu, Kawanda Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) and Ntungamo district of southwestern Uganda. In the first experiment

  11. Tartu Pauluse kirik - made in Finland. Taastatud eksklusiivsemalt kui algupäraselt ehitatud / Egle Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Egle, 1969-

    2016-01-01

    Eliel Saarinen kavandatud Tartu Pauluse kiriku renoveerimisest. 2006. aastal korraldatud konkursi võitsid soome arhitektid Merja Nieminen ja Kari Järvinen. Renoveerimisel kujunes keskseks Saarineni vaimu ja vormikeele tabamine

  12. Taastatava kiriku alla tuleb krüpt ja kolumbaarium : Pauluse kirik valmistub suureks remondiks / Vilja Kohler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kohler, Vilja, 1966-

    2008-01-01

    Tartu Pauluse kiriku (arhitekt Eliel Saarinen) remondist. Restaureerimise arhitektuurikonkursi võitis soome arhitektide Merja Niemise, Kari Järvise ja Markku Norsi töö "Eli El". Vana krohvikorra all peidus olnud seinamaalingutest. Kommenteerib Priit Humal

  13. Helsingis kerkib jääst kirik : Euroopa kultuuripealinn 2000 Helsingi võlub sauna ja maailmakultuuriga / Piret Tali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tali, Piret, 1972-

    2000-01-01

    Helsingisse püstitatavatest lume- ja jääskulptuuridest, valgusinstallatsioonidest (Kide, Vahemere sosin). Arhitektid Kari Leppänen, Peter Ch. Butter, Dusan Janovich, Jyrki Sandell. Ürituste loetelu

  14. Gambaran densitas kamar pulpa gigi sulung menggunakan cone beam CT-3D (Description of pulp chamber density in deciduous teeth using cone beam CT-3D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herdiyati Y

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dental caries is the most common chronic diseases. Detection of caries is needed, especially on the deciduous teeth. An examination such as radiological examination is essential. The radiographic figures distinguish radiolucent of the crown. Digital radiography cone beam computed tomography (CBCT is able to show a more detailed picture. Purpose: This study was aimed to get value of the density of pulp chamber of caries and non caries deciduous teeth using CBCT radiographs. Methods: The study was conducted by using simple descriptive. The samples were all the data CBCT of pediatric patients aged 7-10 years who visited the Dental Hospital of the Faculty of Dentistry, University of Padjadjaran. The samples were teeth with single and double root. Results: The results showed that the value of the normal pulp density is 422.56 Hu, while the condition of caries decreased becomes -77.89 Hu. Conclusion: The tooth with caries showed a lower density than the non caries/tooth.Latar belakang: Karies gigi merupakan penyakit kronis yang sering terjadi. Deteksi terhadap karies sangat diperlukan terutama pada gigi decidius. Pemeriksaan penunjang berupa pemeriksaan radiologis sangat diperlukan. Secara umum gambaran radiografi dapat membedakan karies berupa gambaran radiolusent pada mahkota. Radiografi digital cone beam computed tomografi (CBCT, merupakan jenis radiografi yang mampu memperlihatkan gambaran yang lebih detail. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan mendapatkan nilai densitas kamar pulpa gigi sulung yang karies dan non karies menggunakan radiografi CBCT. Metode: Penelitian dilakukan dengan metode simple deskriptif. Sampel penelitian adalah semua data CBCT dari pasien anak berusia 7 - 10 tahun yang berkunjung ke RSGM Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Padjadjaran. Gigi yang dianalisa meliputi gigi berakar tunggal dan berakar ganda. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai densitas pulpa normal adalah 422,56 Hu, sedangkan pada kondisi

  15. Succinct Dynamic Cardinal Trees with Constant Time Operations for Small Alphabet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davoodi, Pooya; Satti, Srinivasa Rao

    2011-01-01

    A k-ary cardinal tree is a rooted tree in which each node has at most k children, and each edge is labeled with a symbol from the alphabet {1,...,k}. We present a succinct representation for k-ary cardinal trees of n nodes where k=O(polylog(n)). Our data structure requires 2n+n log k+o(n log k) b...

  16. Lennart Meri - Suur Eestlane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Vabariigi Välisministeeriumi nekroloog president Lennart Merile. Vt. samas järelehüüded: Arnold Rüütel. Arnold Rüütli avaldus (avaldus president Lennart Meri surma puhul 14. märtsil Eesti Televisioonis); Tarja Halonen. Lennart Meri lahkumine; Vaira Vike-Freiberga. Kaastundeavaldus eesti rahvale; Valdas Adamkus. Lennart Meri surma puhul; Matti Vanhanen. Meri andis näo Eesti vabadusele (intervjuust agentuurile STT); Jose Manuel Barroso. President Arnold Rüütlile; Carl Bildt. Eestlane ja eurooplane

  17. Introducing celebrity corporate brand and corporate brand enhancement

    OpenAIRE

    Hambali, A; Syed Alwi, SF; Balmer, JMT; Melewar, TC

    2015-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is first, to explore the concept of celebrity brand at a corporate brand level, known as Celebrity Corporate Brand – CCB; second, to investigate the impact of CCB on corporate brand equity (termed - corporate brand enhancement). In particular, this study will explore CCB at both levels - ‘developed/own’ and ‘endorsed’ corporate brands. The research marshals the nascent literature of celebrity, human and people brand (e.g. Kowalczyk, 2013, 2011; Halonen-Knig...

  18. Ambiguities in 'killing' and 'letting die'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, G M

    1983-05-01

    In a recent article Carla Kary (1980) attempts to show that there can be a significant moral difference between instances of killing and letting die. I shall maintain in Section I that Kary's argument is somewhat weakened by her failure to note an important ambiguity in the notion of killing a person. I shall also argue in Section II that a similar ambiguity affects the notion of letting someone die, and that failure to note this latter ambiguity also weakens the position developed by Robert Coburn (1980) with regard to defective newborns.

  19. Distribution of class ii major histocompatibility complex antigenexpressing cells in human dental pulp with carious lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetiana Haniastuti

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dental caries is a bacterial infection which causes destruction of the hard tissues of the tooth. Exposure of the dentin to the oral environment as a result of caries inevitably results in a cellular response in the pulp. The major histocompatibility complex (MHC is a group of genes that code for cell-surface histocompatibility antigens. Cells expressing class II MHC molecules participate in the initial recognition and the processing of antigenic substances to serve as antigen-presenting cells. Purpose: The aim of the study was to elucidate the alteration in the distribution of class II MHC antigen-expressing cells in human dental pulp as carious lesions progressed toward the pulp. Methods: Fifteen third molars with caries at the occlusal site at various stages of decay and 5 intact third molars were extracted and used in this study. Before decalcifying with 10% EDTA solution (pH 7.4, all the samples were observed by micro-computed tomography to confirm the lesion condition three-dimensionally. The specimens were then processed for cryosection and immunohistochemistry using an anti-MHC class II monoclonal antibody. Results: Class II MHC antigen-expressing cells were found both in normal and carious specimens. In normal tooth, the class II MHC-immunopositive cells were observed mainly at the periphery of the pulp tissue. In teeth with caries, class II MHC-immunopositive cells were located predominantly subjacent to the carious lesions. As the caries progressed, the number of class II MHC antigen-expressing cells was increased. Conclusion: The depth of carious lesions affects the distribution of class II MHC antigen-expressing cells in the dental pulp.Latar belakang: Karies merupakan penyakit infeksi bakteri yang mengakibatkan destruksi jaringan keras gigi. Dentin yang terbuka akibat karies akan menginduksi respon imun seluler pada pulpa. Kompleks histokompatibilitas utama (MHC merupakan sekumpulan gen yang mengkode histokompatibilitas

  20. Soome tippdisain Washingtonis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Soome disaininäitusest "Sauma". Lähemalt disainer Klaus Aalto kummutist "Take Out", sisearhitekt Esa Vesmaneni köögilahendusest "Koe" ("Proovi"), sisearhitekt Samuli Naamanka leiutatud graafilisest betoonist, disainer Kari Sivoneni leiutatud portatiivsest päikesepatareist "Photon"

  1. Plant regeneration from immature embryos of Kenyan maize inbred ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Field grown, self pollinated maize genotypes were planted in KARI (Kiboko and Kabete) research stations between January 2004 and May 2005. Immature maize embryos from twelve parental inbred lines and their respective single cross hybrids were evaluated for their ability form callus, somatic embryos and subsequent ...

  2. ÜRO pehmest jõust Liibanonis on kasu ka Eestis / Roland Murof

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murof, Roland

    2016-01-01

    Ülevaade ÜRO rahuvalvemissioonist Liibanonis. Lisatud autori intervjuud Soome-Iiri pataljoni ülema kolonelleitnant Kari Kaakineniga, Soome-Iiri pataljoni A-kompanii ülema major Harri Öblomiga ning Arvo Jõesalu intervjuu ESTPLA-20 rühmaülema Priit Lillemetsaga

  3. Kuni 24. XII on Y-galerii P- ja T-saalis vaadata näitus "Võõras mure"...

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Näitusel "Võõras mure" on väljas EKA avatud akadeemia lõpetanud kunstnike Anniki Kari, Ellen-Reet Türi ja Ulvi Kuldkepi maalid. A- ja E-saalis avatud Lauri Pajose näitusel "Tonal" näeb suuremõõtmelisi sürreaalabstraktseid maale

  4. Farmers chart a new course in Kenya | IDRC - International ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2014-01-20

    Jan 20, 2014 ... Why have previous efforts to introduce improved farming techniques and better seed varieties in Kenya's semi-arid lands — home to 20% of the country's population — not succeeded? Answering this question is key to efforts by researchers from the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) and ...

  5. TEMPLATE FOR 4_PAGER

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    adoption and scaling up durable farming systems in three regions of Kenya. The challenge: adapting innovations to individual farms. The Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) has devel- oped improved seed varieties and practices for managing crops, livestock, soil, and water resources in arid and semi-arid.

  6. Tiina Abel : Soome kuldaja kunst otsis soomluse algeid / Tiina Abel ; interv. Ants Juske

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Abel, Tiina, 1951-

    2008-01-01

    Näituse kuraator Tiina Abel Kumu Kunstimuuseumis 28.03.2008 avatavast näitusest "Soome kunsti kuldaeg. Meistriteoseid Turu Kunstimuuseumi kogust". Turu Kunstimuuseumi direktor Kari Immonen kahe muuseumi koostööst ja vahetusnäitusest "Punaste lippude all"

  7. QTL Information Table: 667 [Q-TARO

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available kari Nona Bokra K/Nindel-1 RM12463 RM12453 rgn Matsubara, K., Ito, S., Nonoue, Y., Ando, T., and Yano, M. (2006). A novel gene respon...sible for hybrid breakdown found in a cross between japonica and indica cultivars in rice. Rice Genetics Newsletter 23. ...

  8. Gender Roles as Indicators of Social Change in a Colonial Novel ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gender Roles as Indicators of Social Change in a Colonial Novel: R E Obeng's Eighteenpence - A Socio-Historical Source Material. Kari Dako. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/rrias.v15i1.22880 · AJOL African Journals Online.

  9. Tallinna Teletorn = Tallinn Television Tower

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Rekonstrueeritud Tallinna Teletorn Kloostrimetsa tee 58a, valminud 2012. Eesti kultuurkapitali aastapreemia 2012. Arhitekt David Basiladze. Rekonstrueerimise projekti arhitektid Raivo Kotov, Andrus Kõresaar, Indrek Mikk, Margit Aule, Jaanus Männik, Lea Laidra, Karis Kahr (KOKO Arhitektid). Sisearhitektid Liis Lindvere, Raili Paling, Margit Argus (KOKO Arhitektid). Konstruktor Neoprojekt

  10. Airspace Technology Demonstration 3 (ATD-3): Applied Traffic Flow Management Project Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Chester

    2016-01-01

    ATD-3 Project Overview for 3rd Joint Workshop for KAIA-KARI - NASA ATM Research Collaboration. This presentation gives a high level description of the ATD-3 project and related technologies. These technologies include Multi-Flight Common Routes (MFCR), Traffic Aware Strategic Aircrew Requests (TASAR) and Dynamic Routes for Arrivals in Weather (DRAW).

  11. Tartu Jaani kiriku taastamisest / Kaur Alttoa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alttoa, Kaur, 1947-

    2006-01-01

    Arhitekt Udo Tiirmaa, ARC Projekt. Insenerid: Heino Uuetalu, Kari Avellan. Kunstiajaloolane Kaur Alttoa. Valguslahendus: Üllar Võrno. Teostus: AS Rand ja Tuulberg, OÜ Wunibald. Kirik pühitseti 29. VI 2005. a. Ill: 2 joonist: plaan, vaade, 2 fotot, 8 värv. fotot

  12. A Prospective Study of Depression Following Combat Deployment in Support of the Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Molly Kelton, Travis Leleu, Jamie McGrew, Katherine Snell, Steven Spiegel, Kari Welch, Martin White, James Whitmer, and Charlene Wong from the...consequences of overstretch in the UK armed forces: first phase of a cohort study. BMJ. 2007;335(7620):603. 56. Lindstrom KE, Smith TC, Wells TS, et al. The

  13. Salapärane mustlashobune / Ingrid Randlaht

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randlaht, Ingrid

    2011-01-01

    Ristandhobustest, ametliku nimega Irish cob (iiri cob), ingliskeelses maailmas valdavalt Gypsy Horse ehk mustlashobusena tuntud ning Mandri-Euroopas peremeeste järgi tinkeriteks kutsutavatest hobustest, samuti Iirimaa kuulsast Ballinasloe hobulaadast, kus müüakse tinkereid, ning Mätta turismitalust Lääne-Virumaal, kus on suurim tinkerite kari Eestis

  14. From Test Takers to Test Makers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Kari

    2009-01-01

    As a classroom teacher, Kari Smith realized that traditional objective tests don't always assess what students actually know. But tests are so deeply embedded in the education system that it would be difficult to do away with them entirely. Smith decided to make tests into learning tools. In this article, Smith describes three strategies for…

  15. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the B7H3 gene are not ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics; Volume 85; Issue 3. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the B7H3 gene are not associated with human autoimmune myasthenia gravis. Priya Sakthivel Xiongbiao Wang Baback Gharizadeh Ricardo Giscombe Ritva Pirskanen Pål Nyren Ann Kari Lefvert. Research Note Volume 85 ...

  16. Quality of field collected and laboratory reared Chilo partellus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The quality of laboratory reared stem borer species for screening of maize varieties is usually questioned by end user cereal breeders. A quality check study was performed in a screen house at KARI-Katumani to evaluate the quality of eight-year old laboratory reared stem borer, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe). The evaluation ...

  17. Sally Stuudio emadepäevakingitus / Tiina Kolk, Gerda Kordemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Tiina

    1999-01-01

    Eesti Televisiooni hommikuprogrammi ja Sally Stuudio koostöös valmis emadepäevaks saade "Kallis emme!". 6-9aastased lapsed tegid kunstnik Anniki Kari juhendamisel "filmi" shoti muinasjutu "Perenaine ja tema öised abilised" ainetel. Lapsed joonistasid pilditaustad ja tegid paberist tegelased. Operaator Jüri Norkroos, režissöör Külliki Otsa

  18. 'Rigtige sygeplejersker' : Uddannelsesetnografiske studier af sygeplejestuderendes studieliv og dannelsesprocesser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noer, Vibeke Røn

    studier. På den baggrund perspektiverer Kari Martinsens og Patricia Benners oprindelige filosofiske og praktisk normativt begrundede begreber analysen, og afhandlingen viser, hvordan og med hvilken betydning dannelse, omdannelse, afgørende læringsøjeblikke og gøremålstravlhed ’ser ud’ i den praktiske...

  19. Potential of agroforestry in improving livelihoods in eastern and mid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mo

    2 Kawanda Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), NARO P.O. Box 7065, Kampala, Uganda. 3Agroforestry Research and Development Project, P O .... agriculture, forestry and environment, each district was stratified into discernible ..... promotion of improved tropical (avocado) and temperate fruits (apples and pears) in the ...

  20. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal is published by the Kenya Forestry Research Institute (KARI). Improving and sustaining the national soil and water resource base to meet the challenges of poverty alleviation and food security. Vol 69 (2003). DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Open Access DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ...

  1. QTL Information Table: 145 [Q-TARO

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available qPL-6 Morphological trait Panicle/flower panicle length RFLP C)Interval BIL Koshihi...kari Kasalath B C556 jsa Yamamoto, T., Taguchi-Shiobara, F., Ukai, Y., Sasaki, T., and Yano, M. (2001). Mapping Quantitative Trai

  2. A combinatorial proof of Postnikov's identity and a generalized enumeration of labeled trees

    OpenAIRE

    Seo, Seunghyun

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, we give a simple combinatorial explanation of a formula of A. Postnikov relating bicolored rooted trees to bicolored binary trees. We also present generalized formulas for the number of labeled k-ary trees, rooted labeled trees, and labeled plane trees.

  3. IN UGANDA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The potential of herbicides for destroying banana plants infected with bacterial wilt has been evaluated. Experiments were conducted on station at Kawanda Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) and on-farm at. Nckoyeddc and Ki menyedde, in Mukono district. Two systemic herbicides, Glyphosate and 2,4-D were evaluated.

  4. Tudengite nappus seab kõrgkoolid raskustesse / Madis Filippov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Filippov, Madis

    2008-01-01

    Gümnasistide arvu vähenemine nõuab kõrgkoolide töö ümberhindamist. Arvamust avaldavad Tallinna Ülikooli rektor Rein Raud, Tartu Ülikooli rektor Alar Karis, Eesti Maaülikooli rektor Mait Klaassen, Euroülikooli rektor Jüri Martin, Estonian Business Schooli rektor Peeter Kross ja haridusminister Tõnis Lukas

  5. Mida muuta Eesti kõrgharidussüsteemis? / Rein Raud, Tõnis Lukas, Jakob Kübarsepp ... [jt.] ; üles kirjutanud Maris Sander

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raud, Rein, 1961-

    2010-01-01

    Ettepanekuid, kuidas parandada kõrghariduse andmist Eestis, esitavad Tallinna Ülikooli rektor Rein Raud, haridusminister Tõnis Lukas, Tallinna Tehnikaülikooli õppeprorektor Jakob Kübarsepp, Tartu Ülikooli rektor Alar Karis, filosoof Tõnu Viik ja majandustegelane Mikk Tamme

  6. Effects of transformational leadership on human resource ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effects of transformational leadership on human resource management in primary schools. Prakash Singh, Kari Lokotsch. Abstract. No Abstract. South African journal of Education Vol. 25(4) 2005: 279-286. Full Text: EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT.

  7. A COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS OF FARMER BASED SEED ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adipala Ekwamu

    Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT-AFRICA), P. O. Box 6247, Kampala, Uganda. 1Kenya Agriculture Research Institute (KARI), P. Box 340, Machakos, Kenya. 2Centro Internacional de ..... Mexico, D. F.: CIMMYT. David, S. 1998. Producing bean seed: Hand books for small-scale bean producers. Handbook 1.

  8. Productivité agricole et changements climatiques dans les régions ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Skills development program involving CALESA and KARI-IDRC Climate Change project scientists [Annex B]. Téléchargez le PDF. Articles de revue. Characterization of climate risks in dryland crop-livestock systems of Kenya. Téléchargez le PDF. Articles de revue. Assessing climate induced risks to rainfed crop production ...

  9. The NASA Electronic Parts and Packaging (NEPP) Program - Presentation to Korean Aerospace Research Institute

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaBel, Kenneth A.; Sampson, Michael J.

    2016-01-01

    This presentation will provide basic information about NASA's Electronic Parts and Packaging Program (NEPP), for sharing with representatives of the South Korean Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) as part of a larger presentation by Headquarters Office of Safety and Mission Assurance. The NEPP information includes mission and goals, history of the program, basic focus areas, strategies, deliverables and some examples of current tasks.

  10. Piano - puust paviljon puupealinnas Lahtis / Agneta Land

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Land, Agneta

    2008-01-01

    Rahvusvahelisest preemiast Spirit of Nature, mis antakse üle Lahtis Sibeliustalos. Rootsi arhitekti Gert Wingõrdh'i projekteeritud Piano paviljonist Lahtis. Terrassmööbli valmistas puusepp Kari Virtanen, kohviku interjööri toolid ja lauad disainis Tapio Anttila. 7 fotot välis- ja sisevaadetega

  11. PENGARUH SKELING DENGAN DAN TANPA OBAT KUMUR DARI JUS LIDAH BUAYA (Aloe vera) TERHADAP PENDERITA GINGIVITIS

    OpenAIRE

    Fahruddin, Andi Muhammad

    2015-01-01

    2015 Latar belakang : Berdasarkan hasil Survei Kesehatan Rumah Tangga (SKRT) tahun 2010 Departemen Kesehatan RI menunjukkan bahwa 63% penduduk Indonesia menderita penyakit gigi dan mulut, meliputi karies gigi dan penyakit jaringan periodontal. Salah satu penyakit periodontal yang sering terjadi adalah gingivitis. Gingivitis merupakan bentuk respon protektif gingiva yang ditandai dengan warna kemerahan, pembesaran jaringan, tendensi terjadi perdarahan saat probing dan peni...

  12. Väliseesti kadunud tütred on lõpuks koju jõudnud / Johannes Saar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saar, Johannes, 1965-

    2004-01-01

    Rootsieesti kunstniku Kari Bie Erenurme korternäitus "Top Secret - the Lady is a Tramp" Tallinnas Väike-Karja 1-19/13 tutvustab tema ema elu paguluses. Eksponeeritud on märkmed, kirjad, fotod, esemed ja video "Kõrvarõngad"

  13. Neli korda restoranis / Pekka Toivanen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Toivanen, Pekka

    2004-01-01

    Kultuurirestoran "Hima ja Sali" (Talberginkatu 1 C 10), mille sisustuse ja kinnise mööbli on kujundanud Kari Lappalainen. Telekokk Jyrki Sukula restoran "Via" (Ludviginkatu 8-10), mille sisustuse on kujundanud Jani Koivula ja Mikael Mantila. Restoran "Mother" (Eerikinkatul) Stefan Lindforsi kujunduses ning Antti Rouhunkoski ja Sami Sorvali kaasajastatud kujunduses. Büroo Valvomo kujundatud "Wrong Nuudle Bar". 13 ill

  14. Do Prostate Cancer Exosomes Generate a Field Effect Leading to Tumor Multifocality

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    Thus, “field cancerized” prostate tissues have been recently characterized by us and others (7-10) by genetic, epigenetic , and biochemical...Pathology and Hospital: Trisha Fleet for procuring prostate tissues through patient consent; Myra Zucker, Cathy Martinez, and Kari Rigg for skillfully

  15. Digital preservation of agricultural information at Kenya Agricultural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) through its research and related activities generates a lot of digital agricultural information and records. While some of the information and records are born digital, others are the product of digitization. The information and records generated serve to improve and promote transfer ...

  16. Studies of the genetics of inheritance of stem rust resistance in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2013-05-22

    May 22, 2013 ... develop genetic populations for determining the inheritance of resistance to stem rust. F3 populations were evaluated at KARI ... effector molecule of the host plant could lead to a change from avirulent to virulent forms. ... understanding of the genetics of disease resistance and use of appropriate crosses in ...

  17. Den kolde videnskab og den varme omsorg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højlund, Susanne

    1996-01-01

    This essay focusses on the cultural understanding of the nursing profession as a practice of contrasts. The criticism of dualism put forward by Gregory Bateson is presented and discussed in relation to the thinking of Kari Martinsen. Bateson's ideas about 'third position' and 'interface' are used...... to put into perspective the discussions of the dilemma in nursing between care and science....

  18. Crystal Structures of Staphylococcus aureus Ketol-Acid Reductoisomerase in Complex with Two Transition State Analogues that Have Biocidal Activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Khushboo M; Teran, David; Zheng, Shan; Kandale, Ajit; Garcia, Mario; Lv, You; Schembri, Mark A; McGeary, Ross P; Schenk, Gerhard; Guddat, Luke W

    2017-10-04

    Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (KARI) is an NAD(P)H and Mg2+ -dependent enzyme of the branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) biosynthesis pathway. Here, the first crystal structures of Staphylococcus aureus (Sa) KARI in complex with two transition state analogues, cyclopropane-1,1-dicarboxylate (CPD) and N-isopropyloxalyl hydroxamate (IpOHA) are reported. These compounds bind competitively and in multi-dentate manner to KARI with Ki values of 2.73 μm and 7.9 nm, respectively; however, IpOHA binds slowly to the enzyme. Interestingly, intact IpOHA is present in only ≈25 % of binding sites, whereas its deoxygenated form is present in the remaining sites. This deoxy form of IpOHA binds rapidly to Sa KARI, but with much weaker affinity (Ki =21 μm). Thus, our data pinpoint the origin of the slow binding mechanism of IpOHA. Furthermore, we propose that CPD mimics the early stage of the catalytic reaction (preceding the reduction step), whereas IpOHA mimics the late stage (after the reduction took place). These structural insights will guide strategies to design potent and rapidly binding derivatives of these compounds for the development of novel biocides. © 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  19. Eksperimente ja kilde kultuuriloost / Riina Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Riina, 1957-

    2008-01-01

    Theodor Lutsu 13. filmipäevad ja 10. lahtine lühifilmide konkurss Palamusel 15. augustil. Auhinnatud filmidest (anima-, dokumentaal-, mängu- ja ekperimentaalfilmid). Žüriisse kuulusid Helle Karis, Jaak Lõhmus, Erika Laansalu ja Tiina Säälik. Filmipäevade korraldajad olid taas Tiina Säälik ja Arne Tegelmann

  20. Vaikne juubel kuraditosina kinopildiga / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2008-01-01

    Theodor Lutsu 13. filmipäevad ja 10. lahtine lühifilmide konkurss Palamusel 15. augustil. Auhinnatud filmidest (anima-, dokumentaal-, mängu- ja ekperimentaalfilmid). Žüriisse kuulusid Helle Karis, Jaak Lõhmus, Erika Laansalu ja Tiina Säälik. Varasematest filmipäevadest, mis olid viimastest filmi- ja publikurohkemad

  1. Lymphatic Regeneration within Porous VEGF-C Hydrogels for Secondary Lymphedema

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    Figure 6: Ang-2 & VEGF-C Alginate gels Transplantation Animal Model. All procedures were performed in accordance with the Animal Care Act and...PS. The psycological morbidity of breast cancer related arm swelling. Cancer 1993;72:3248-52. 19) Veikkola Tanja and Alitalo Kari. Dual

  2. Pulp nerve fibers distribution of human carious teeth: An immunohistochemical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetiana Haniastuti

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Human dental pulp is richly innervated by trigeminal afferent axons that subserve nociceptive function. Accordingly, they respond to stimuli that induce injury to the pulp tissue. An injury to the nerve terminals and other tissue components in the pulp stimulate metabolic activation of the neurons in the trigeminal ganglion which result in morphological changes in the peripheral nerve terminals. Purpose: The aim of the study was to observe caries-related changes in the distribution of human pulpal nerve. Methods: Under informed consents, 15 third molars with caries at various stages of decay and 5 intact third molars were extracted because of orthodontic or therapeutic reasons. All samples were observed by micro-computed tomography to confirm the lesion condition 3-dimensionally, before decalcifying with 10% EDTA solution (pH 7.4. The specimens were then processed for immunohistochemistry using anti-protein gene products (PGP 9.5, a specific marker for the nerve fiber. Results: In normal intact teeth, PGP 9.5 immunoreactive nerve fibers were seen concentrated beneath the odontoblast cell layer. Nerve fibers exhibited an increased density along the pulp-dentin border corresponding to the carious lesions. Conclusion: Neural density increases throughout the pulp chamber with the progression of caries. The activity and pathogenicity of the lesion as well as caries depth, might influence the degree of neural sprouting.Latar belakang: Pulpa gigi manusia diinervasi oleh serabut saraf trigeminal yang berespon terhadap stimuli penyebab perlukaan dengan menimbulkan rasa sakit. Perlukaan pada akhiran saraf dan komponen lain dari pulpa akan menstimulasi aktivasi metabolik dari neuron pada ganglion trigeminal sehingga mengakibatkan perubahan morfologi pada akhiran saraf perifer. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengamati perubahan distribusi saraf pada pulpa gigi manusia yang disebabkan oleh proses karies. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan

  3. The frequency of bottle feeding as the main factor of baby bottle tooth decay syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mochamad Fahlevi Rizal

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dental caries remains as main problem in Indonesia and its prevalence is high (90.05%. However, there is no appropriate data that can be used to analyze dental caries in toddlers, especially baby bottle tooth decay syndrome (BBTD, though the number of BBTD cases is high in some pediatric dental clinics (90% of patients visiting the clinics. Even though some factors have already been considered to be the risk factor of BBTD, the main risk factor of BBTD is still unknown, especially BBTD in Indonesia. Purpose: This research was aimed to obtain data relating with bottle-feeding habit in 3-5 year old children in Indonesia and its caries risk. Method: The study was an observational research conducted with clinical examination through caries status (deft of each child deserved by pediatric dentists and through questionnaire distributed to parents to examine the risk factor of BBTD. Observation was conducted on 62 children in the range of age 3 to 5 years old with bottle-feeding habit. Result: The results revealed that status of caries was various. The data showed that the frequency of bottle feeding more than twice could trigger BBTD 2.27 times higher than other factors such as the use of bottle feeding as a pacifier prior sleeping, the period of bottle-feeding, and the breast-feeding experience. Conclusion: though milk as subtract can possibly become a factor triggering caries, the frequency of bottle-feeding is highly considered as main factor. Since it could modulated the bacterial colonization on dental surface, which affects its virulence.Latar belakang: Karies masih menjadi masalah utama di Indonesia. Dalam praktek sehari-hari prevalensi karies masih sangat tinggi (90.05%. Belum ada data yang memadai dalam penelaahan karies yang spesifik pada anak balita selama ini khususnya kasus sindroma karies botol (SKB sementara itu kasus SKB ditemukan sangat tinggi di beberapa klinik gigi anak (90% dari jumlah pasien yang datang ke klinik

  4. Management of anterior teeth damage caused by complex caries through aesthetic endorestoration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nanik Zubaidah

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dental caries is a microbiological disease that result in localized dissolution and destruction of the calcified tissue. It is multifactorial, therefore prevention must be based on a multifactorial approach. The damage of anterior teeth due to complex caries, for certain person may interfere their performance and decrease their self confidence aesthetically. Restoration of tooth form and function, especially on anterior teeth is highly valuable. Purpose: To present a case of maxillary anterior teeth with complex caries, through endorestoration treatment for recovering its original function and aesthetic. Case: The 21 years old male patient with complex carries on maxillary anterior teeth number 12, 11, 21, 22 and 23. The patient felt bad about his performance and affect his self confidence. The patient visited the clinic to repair his teeth and to get its form and function aesthetically. Case management: The endorestoration treatment was performed for carious teeth through pulpectomy followed by insertion of post retention and porcelain fused to metal crowns. Conclusion: Anterior teeth with severed complex caries can be managed through endorestoration treatment to recover its performance and function aesthetically.Latar belakang: Dental karies adalah penyakit infeksi yang berakibat kerusakan jaringan kalsifikasi dan bersifat multifactorial. Oleh karena itu pencegahan dilakukan dengan pendekatan multifactorial. Kerusakan gigi anterior karena karies kompleks untuk orang-orang tertentu mungkin berdampak pada penampilan dan penurunan kepercayaan diri karena factor estetik. Perbaikan gigi anterior dari berbagai kerusakan baik dalam hal bentuk maupun fungsinya sangat besar nilainya. Tujuan: Untuk menunjukkan kasus gigi anterior rahang atas karena karies kompleks melalui perawatan endorestorasi untuk mengembalikan fungsi gigi asli dan estetik. Kasus: Laki-laki usia 21 tahun dengan karies kompleks pada gigi anterior rahang atas 12, 11, 21

  5. SMI Compatible Simulation Scheduler Design for Reuse of Model Complying with SMP Standard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheol-Hea Koo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Software reusability is one of key factors which impacts cost and schedule on a software development project. It is very crucial also in satellite simulator development since there are many commercial simulator models related to satellite and dynamics. If these models can be used in another simulator platform, great deal of confidence and cost/schedule reduction would be achieved. Simulation model portability (SMP is maintained by European Space Agency and many models compatible with SMP/simulation model interface (SMI are available. Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI is developing hardware abstraction layer (HAL supported satellite simulator to verify on-board software of satellite. From above reasons, KARI wants to port these SMI compatible models to the HAL supported satellite simulator. To port these SMI compatible models to the HAL supported satellite simulator, simulation scheduler is preliminary designed according to the SMI standard.

  6. Korea space program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Jai-Hak

    Though Korea's space activities are just in the infant stage, we are looking forward to joining the advanced countries in the space field. We have three on-going space programs: the KOREASAT Program, a sounding rocket program, and the KITSAT Program. And, we have three more programs that we are in the process of formulating: a small remote sensing satellite program, a data receiving station construction program, and the second generation KOREASAT program. We have several organizations which are involved with space-related activities: KARI, ETRI, SERI, and KAIST. KARI was founded in 1989 in accordance with the Aerospace Industry Development & Promotion Act for the purpose of conducting research on aicraft, satellites and scientific rockets, and supporting national aerospace development projects.

  7. On the injectivity of the global function of a cellular automaton in the hyperbolic plane (extended abstract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurice Margenstern

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we look at the following question. We consider cellular automata in the hyperbolic plane, (see Margenstern, 2000, 2007 and Margenstern, Morita, 2001 and we consider the global function defined on all possible configurations. Is the injectivity of this function undecidable? The problem was answered positively in the case of the Euclidean plane by Jarkko Kari, in 1994. In the present paper, we show that the answer is also positive for the hyperbolic plane: the problem is undecidable.

  8. Women's mental health in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Niaz, Unaiza

    2004-01-01

    In Pakistan, societal attitudes and norms, as well as cultural practices (Karo Kari, exchange marriages, dowry, etc.), play a vital role in women's mental health. The religious and ethnic conflicts, along with the dehumanizing attitudes towards women, the extended family system, role of in-laws in daily lives of women, represent major issues and stressors. Such practices in Pakistan have created the extreme marginalisation of women in numerous spheres of life, which has had ...

  9. Formalization of malware through process calculi

    OpenAIRE

    Jacob, Gregoire; Filiol, Eric; Debar, Herve

    2009-01-01

    Since the seminal work from F. Cohen in the eighties, abstract virology has seen the apparition of successive viral models, all based on Turing-equivalent formalisms. But considering recent malware such as rootkits or k-ary codes, these viral models only partially cover these evolved threats. The problem is that Turing-equivalent models do not support interactive computations. New models have thus appeared, offering support for these evolved malware, but loosing the unified approach in the wa...

  10. Absolute Radiometric Calibration of KOMPSAT-3A

    OpenAIRE

    Ahn, H. Y.; Shin, D. Y.; Kim, J. S.; Seo, D. C.; Choi, C. U.

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents a vicarious radiometric calibration of the Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite-3A (KOMPSAT-3A) performed by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) and the Pukyong National University Remote Sensing Group (PKNU RSG) in 2015.The primary stages of this study are summarized as follows: (1) A field campaign to determine radiometric calibrated target fields was undertaken in Mongolia and South Korea. Surface reflectance data obtained in the campaign were input to a rad...

  11. Initial Radiometric Characteristics of KOMPSAT-3A Multispectral Imagery Using the 6S Radiative Transfer Model, Well-Known Radiometric Tarps, and MFRSR Measurements

    OpenAIRE

    Jong-Min Yeom; Jisoo Hwang; Jae-Heon Jung; Kwon-Ho Lee; Chang-Suk Lee

    2017-01-01

    On-orbit radiometric characterization of the multispectral (MS) imagery of the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI)’s Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite-3A (KOMPSAT-3A), which was launched on 25 March 2015, was conducted to provide quantitative radiometric information about KOMPSAT-3A. During the in-orbit test (IOT), vicarious radiometric calibration of KOMPSAT-3A was performed using the Second Simulation of a Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum (6S) radiative transfer model. The character...

  12. Assessing the sociology of sport: on sexual harassment research and policy

    OpenAIRE

    Fasting, Kari

    2015-01-01

    On the 50th anniversary of the ISSA and IRSS, a key foundational scholar on gender and sport, Kari Fasting, assesses sociological inquiry about sexual harassment in sport and its relation to the development of policy. The trajectory of this research on gender, sexual harassment and abuse (GSHA) in sport lies in feminist politics and advocacy. While sexual harassment and abuse in sport is widespread across sports, comparability in studies has been difficult due to issues of measurement and und...

  13. Bahan-Bahan Pembentuk Dentin Sekunder Dalam Bidang Kedokteran Gigi

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Fauzi M.

    2008-01-01

    Sepanjang hidup, selama pulpa masih vital, dentin sekunder terbentuk secara teratur pada tepi pulpa, hal ini merupakan fungsi formatif pulpa yaitu jaringan pulpa mampu mengadakan reparasi dalam menanggulangi cedera yang diterima. Dentin sekunder yang dibentuk berfungsi dalam hal pertahanan diri terhadap efek atrisi, karies gigi, trauma, dan mengurangi masuknya iritan. Bahan-bahan pembentuk dentin sekunder dapat digunakan pada keadaan dimana jaringan pulpa tidak mampu lagi mengadakan repa...

  14. Dicty_cDB: SHB824 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available gy vs CSM-cDNA Score E Sequences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value SHB824 (SHB824Q) /CSM/SH/SHB...ces producing significant alignments: (bits) Value N AU004532 |AU004532.1 Bombyx mori cDNA, clone ws20574. 4... significant alignments: (bits) Value ( O18388 ) RecName: Full=Importin subunit beta; AltName: Full=Kary...

  15. Towards a comprehensive theory of musical emotions : a multidimensional research approach and some empirical findings

    OpenAIRE

    Kallinen, Kari

    2006-01-01

    Musiikin tunnevaikutukset ovat hyvin moniulotteinen ilmiö, jota muokkaavat musiikin ominaisuuksien lisäksi muun muassa yksilölliset erot ja musiikin kuuntelun konteksti, Kari Kallinen havaitsi väitöstutkimuksessaan.Musiikin tunnevaikutuksiin liittyy monia osatekijöitä, kuten musiikin ominaisuudet, esimerkiksi musiikin tyyli ja rakenne sekä musiikkia kuuntelevan yksilön ominaisuudet, esimerkiksi persoonallisuus ja musiikkimaku. Myös musiikin kuuntelun sosiaaliset ja muut kontekstit tuovat oman...

  16. Vabariigi presidendi iseseisvuspäeva kõne / Toomas Hendrik Ilves

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilves, Toomas Hendrik, 1953-

    2009-01-01

    Vabariigi Presidendi kõne Eesti Vabariigi 91. aastapäeva pidulikul kontserdil Jõhvi kontserdimajas 24. veebruaril 2009. Arvamust avaldavad Euroopa Parlamendi liige Siiri Oviir, suurärimees Tiit Vähi, Eesti katoliku kiriku piiskop Philippe Jourdan, Tartu Ülikooli rektor Alar Karis, Eesti Kunstiakadeemia rektor Signe Kivi ja helilooja Olav Ehala. Vt. ka lk. 1: Ilves hoiatas populismi eest; juhtkiri lk. 2: Aeg kaitsta vabadust

  17. A recursive algorithm for trees and forests

    OpenAIRE

    Guo, Song; Guo, Victor J. W.

    2017-01-01

    Trees or rooted trees have been generously studied in the literature. A forest is a set of trees or rooted trees. Here we give recurrence relations between the number of some kind of rooted forest with $k$ roots and that with $k+1$ roots on $\\{1,2,\\ldots,n\\}$. Classical formulas for counting various trees such as rooted trees, bipartite trees, tripartite trees, plane trees, $k$-ary plane trees, $k$-edge colored trees follow immediately from our recursive relations.

  18. Eesti Meremuuseumi hoone Lennusadamas = Estonian Maritime Museum in the Tallinn Seaplane Harbour

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2015-01-01

    Eesti Meremuuseumi rekonstrueeritud vesilennukite angaarid Tallinnas Vesilennuki 6, valminud 2012. Eesti kultuurkapitali aastapreemia 2012. Arhitektid Raivo Kotov, Andrus Kõresaar, Indrek Mikk, Margit Aule, Tõnis Savi, Lea Laidra, Karis Kahr, Jelena Altmäe, Jaanus Männik (KOKO Arhitektid). Sisearhitektid Margit Argus, Andrus Kõresaar, Olga Batuhtina (KOKO Arhitektid). Raudbetoonkonstruktsioonide renoveerimisprojekt Karl Õiger, Heiki Onton (Tallinna Tehnikaülikool). Uued konstruktsioonid Neoprojekt

  19. Näitused / Mari Sobolev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sobolev, Mari, 1968-

    1998-01-01

    Rotermanni Soolaladu: "Cweesti" (maastikuarhitektuur- ruum mere ja maa piiril); Tarbekunstimuuseum: "Pro Arte" (soome nüüdisaegse käsitöö näitus); Linnagalerii Tallinnas: Eve Kask "29 1Ü2"; Sammas-galerii: Rene Kari maalid; Kunstihoone galerii: Anne Türn "Hundid" (keraamika); Tammsaare muuseum. Karl Manbergi maalid ja pisiplastika (1914 Tallinn - 1993 Sidney); Eesti Loodusmuuseum: Marielle Liiveti maalid ja kompositsioonid; Raatus-galerii. "Euroopa koolis".

  20. Les groupes d'agriculteurs, élément clé de l'essor de l'adoption des ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    20 sept. 2013 ... Le Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI) a mis au point des variétés végétales et des pratiques culturales améliorées qui augmentent les ... ont choisi les technologies qu'ils voulaient adopter et ont collaboré avec leurs mentors des PPATE à la mise en application de ces technologies au cours des ...

  1. Dezentrale Auftragserzeugung und -vergabe für FTF

    OpenAIRE

    Colling, Dominik; Ibrahimpasic, Sascha; Trenkle, Andreas; Furmans, Kai

    2016-01-01

    KARIS PRO ist ein modulares, dezentral gesteuertes fahrerloses Transportsystem. Dadurch dass sowohl die Lagerplatz- als auch die Auftragsverwaltung von den Fahrzeugen übernommen wird, kann auf eine zentrale Leitsteuerung verzichtet werden. In diesem Artikel werden die dafür notwendigen Komponenten, die dezentrale Auftragserzeugung und die dezentrale Auftragsvergabe, beschrieben. Die dezentrale Auftragserzeugung, die Aufträge automatisch aus dem Lagerstand ableitet, ermöglicht es zusätzlich Au...

  2. Kunst aitab klisheesid lõhkuda : prostitutsioon / Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Reet, 1952-

    2007-01-01

    Prostitutsiooniteemast kunstis, praeguste prostitutsiooni käsitlevate näituste ("Sex Work. Kunst. Mythos. Realität" Berliinis, Ann-Sofi Sideni projekt "Warte mal! Prostitutsion after the Velvet Revolution" jt.) rollist. Pikemalt näitusest "Kehaturg / Sex market" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Anu Juuraku, Foxy Haze'i, Teemu Mäki, Tatjana Antoshina, Kari Bie Erenurme, Sandra Jõgeva, Shula Kesheti, Deimantas Narkeviciuse ja Pal Hollenderi töödest

  3. Complementary and alternative exercise for fibromyalgia: a meta-analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Mist, Scott; Firestone,Kari; Jones,Kim Dupree

    2013-01-01

    Scott David Mist, Kari Firestone, Kim Dupree Jones Fibromyalgia Research and Treatment Group, School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA Abstract: Complementary and alternative medicine includes a number of exercise modalities, such as tai chi, qigong, yoga, and a variety of lesser-known movement therapies. A meta-analysis of the current literature was conducted estimating the effect size of the different modalities, study quality and bias, and adverse events....

  4. Kilde soome proosa kuldajast / Ann-Christine Snickars ; rootsikeelsest käsikirjast tõlkinud Anu Saluäär

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Snickars, Ann-Christine

    2007-01-01

    Soome proosast, mehe ja naise rollist kirjanduses, ajaloo mõjust soome proosale. Näiteid soome prosaistidest Kari Hotakaisest, Frederik Långist, Kjell Westöst, Pirkko Saisiolist, Asko Sahlbergist, Pirjo Hassisest, Monika Fagerholmist, Anja Snellmanist, Leena Landerist, Anna-Leena Härkösest, Mari Möröst, Heidi Köngäsest, Riitta Jalosest, Kreetta Onkelist, Sofi Oksasest, Henrikka Ringbomist, Sanna Tahvasest, Malin Kivelöst, Lars Sundist, Susanne Ringellist ja Petri Tammisest

  5. Co-occurrence of avoidant personality disorder and child sexual abuse predicts poor outcome in longstanding eating disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Rosenvinge, Jan H.; Vrabel, KariAnne R.; Hoffart, Asle; Rø, Øyvind; Martinsen, Egil W.

    2009-01-01

    This is the accepted manuscript version. Reprinted with permission. Published version is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0019857 The paper is part of KariAnne Vrabel's doktoral thesis, which is available at http://hdl.handle.net/10037/2699 Few consistent predictive factors for eating disorder have been identified across studies. In the current five year prospective study, the objective was to examine whether (1) personality disorder and child sexual abuse predict the course of ...

  6. Molecular annotation of ketol-acid reductoisomerases from Streptomyces reveals a novel amino acid biosynthesis interlock mediated by enzyme promiscuity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verdel-Aranda, Karina; López-Cortina, Susana T; Hodgson, David A; Barona-Gómez, Francisco

    2015-01-01

    The 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase superfamily oxidize and reduce a wide range of substrates, making their functional annotation challenging. Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (KARI), encoded by the ilvC gene in branched-chain amino acids biosynthesis, is a promiscuous reductase enzyme within this superfamily. Here, we obtain steady-state enzyme kinetic parameters for 10 IlvC homologues from the genera Streptomyces and Corynebacterium, upon eight selected chemically diverse substrates, including some not normally recognized by enzymes of this superfamily. This biochemical data suggested a Streptomyces biosynthetic interlock between proline and the branched-chain amino acids, mediated by enzyme substrate promiscuity, which was confirmed via mutagenesis and complementation analyses of the proC, ilvC1 and ilvC2 genes in Streptomyces coelicolor. Moreover, both ilvC orthologues and paralogues were analysed, such that the relationship between gene duplication and functional diversification could be explored. The KARI paralogues present in S. coelicolor and Streptomyces lividans, despite their conserved high sequence identity (97%), were shown to be more promiscuous, suggesting a recent functional diversification. In contrast, the KARI paralogue from Streptomyces viridifaciens showed selectivity towards the synthesis of valine precursors, explaining its recruitment within the biosynthetic gene cluster of valanimycin. These results allowed us to assess substrate promiscuity indices as a tool to annotate new molecular functions with metabolic implications. PMID:25296650

  7. Selected Abstracts of the 2nd Congress of joint European Neonatal Societies (jENS 2017; Venice (Italy; October 31-November 4, 2017; Session "Quality Improvement, Parents Centered Care"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2017-10-01

    , I. SadasivamABS 7. SATISFACTION LEVEL OF PARENTS OF NICU SERVICES PROVIDED AND CONNECTION WITH THEIR EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT • E. Papamichael, E. Polycarpou, M. TaliasABS 8. TWO YEAR NEURODEVELOPMENTAL FOLLOW UP DATA: MEETING METRICS VS DELIVERING QUALITY ASSESSMENTS • M. Parmar, F. Ceroni, S. Narayanan, N. MerchantABS 9. EVALUATION OF PARENTAL INFORMED CONSENT PROCEDURE IN NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT • E. van ’t Verlaat, E. de Kort, I. Reiss, M. van Weissenbruch, S. SimonsABS 10. POSTPARTUM DEPRESSION, BONDING AND COPING STRATEGIES IN MOTHERS OF NEWBORNS ADMITTED TO THE NEONATAL UNIT • R. Porta, G. Lasheras, E. Capdevila, B. Farré-Sender, J.M. FarréABS 11. PARENTS’ EXPERIENCES OF ACTIVE PARTICIPATION DURING THE WARD ROUND IN A NEONATAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT • L. Börjesson, T. StendahlABS 12. REDUCING THE WASTAGE OF PAEDIATRIC RED CELLS • C. Roehr, J. Staves, S. Hemmatpour, N. Mohanraj, S. PavordABS 13. ACCURATE DETECTION OF CEREBRO­SPI­NAL FLUID FROM THE TIP OF INJEQ IQ-NEEDLE™ IN PEDIATRIC LUMBAR PUNCTURE – PRE­LIMINARY RESULTS OF A CLINICAL STUDY • S. Halonen, J. Kari, O. Tammela, K. Kronström, V. EskolaABS 14. SUPPORTING THE PEER SUPPORTER • G. Thomson, M.-C. BalaamABS 15. ONLINE PARENT SATISFACTION SURVEY IS REPRESENTATIVE DESPITE LOW RESPONSE • J. de Boer, M. van DijkABS 16. INCIDENCE OF HYPOTHERMIA ASSOCIATED WITH BIRTH AND INTRAHOSPITAL TRANS­PORT OF NEWBORN INFANTS REQUIRING AD­MISSION TO A NICU – A QUANTITATIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY • V. Hansson, M. Hedin, A. Örtenstrand, M. VibergABS 17. CLINICAL DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEMS FOR NEONATAL CARE – AN UPDATED COCHRANE SYSTEMATIC REVIEW • K.Tan, P. Dear, S. NewellABS 18. THERMOREGULATION AND PHYSIOLOGICAL STABILIZATION BY SKIN-TO-SKIN CONTACT AT BIRTH IN PRETERM INFANTS • A. Linnér, B. Sundberg, B. Westrup, B. SkioldABS 19. CONSERVATIVE TREATMENT OF IATROGENIC PERFORATIONS CAUSED BY GASTRIC TUBES IN EXTREMELY LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS – EXPERIENCE OF A SINGLE CENTER

  8. Odontoblast layer structure alteration as a response to carious lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetiana Haniastuti

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dental caries is a bacterial disease affecting the hard tissue of the teeth as well as the pulp. The human dental pulp consists of odontoblast which are organized as a densely packed cell layer. Odontoblasts is located at the periphery of the pulp; therefore, they are the first cells encountered by cariogenic bacteria and their products that are represented in the carious lesion. Purpose: This study aimed to elucidate the effect of cariogenic bacteria to odontoblasts of human teeth. Methods: Five intact third molars and 15 third molars with occlusal caries at various stages of decay were extracted because of orthodontic or therapeutic reasons. The tooth specimens were fixed, decalcified with 10% EDTA solution (pH 7.4, and embedded in paraffin. Serial sections of 5 μm thickness were cut and stained with haematoxylin eosin and Gram’s, in addition to nestin immunohistochemistry. The specimens were then examined under light microscopy. Results: In normal teeth, odontoblast layer were aligned along the pulp chamber showing normal morphology of the cells. Slight disorganization of odontoblast layer was seen in the cases of carious lesions confined to enamel. In the cases of carious lesions confined to dentin, odontoblast layer was not observed in the areas subjacent to the lesions, only single cells showing flattened cell morphology were found. Odontoblasts beneath the lesion suffered severe damage and diminished nestin immunoreaction were observed in all cases of carious lesions with pulp exposure. Conclusion: Cariogenic bacteria invasion may damage the odontoblasts by affecting the morphology and vitality of the cells. The severity of the damage of the odontoblasts may increase as the bacterial invasion progresses toward the pulp.Latar belakang: Karies merupakan penyakit yang disebabkan oleh bakteri, yang dapat memengaruhi jaringan keras gigi maupun pulpa. Pada pulpa gigi manusia terdapat sel odontoblas yang tersusun atas lapisan sel

  9. Conceptual Design of Simulation Models in an Early Development Phase of Lunar Spacecraft Simulator Using SMP2 Standard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hoon Hee; Koo, Cheol Hea; Moon, Sung Tae; Han, Sang Hyuck; Ju, Gwang Hyeok

    2013-08-01

    The conceptual study for Korean lunar orbiter/lander prototype has been performed in Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI). Across diverse space programs around European countries, a variety of simulation application has been developed using SMP2 (Simulation Modelling Platform) standard related to portability and reuse of simulation models by various model users. KARI has not only first-hand experience of a development of SMP compatible simulation environment but also an ongoing study to apply the SMP2 development process of simulation model to a simulator development project for lunar missions. KARI has tried to extend the coverage of the development domain based on SMP2 standard across the whole simulation model life-cycle from software design to its validation through a lunar exploration project. Figure. 1 shows a snapshot from a visualization tool for the simulation of lunar lander motion. In reality, a demonstrator prototype on the right-hand side of image was made and tested in 2012. In an early phase of simulator development prior to a kick-off start in the near future, targeted hardware to be modelled has been investigated and indentified at the end of 2012. The architectural breakdown of the lunar simulator at system level was performed and the architecture with a hierarchical tree of models from the system to parts at lower level has been established. Finally, SMP Documents such as Catalogue, Assembly, Schedule and so on were converted using a XML(eXtensible Mark-up Language) converter. To obtain benefits of the suggested approaches and design mechanisms in SMP2 standard as far as possible, the object-oriented and component-based design concepts were strictly chosen throughout a whole model development process.

  10. Anneteparaad / Karin Paulus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paulus, Karin, 1975-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia maalikunsti, ehtekunsti, disaini, moekunsti, klaasikunsti, tekstiilikunsti eriala magistri- ja bakalaureuseõppe lõputööd: 1. Maarja Niinemägi pross sarjast "Maastikud; 2. Kertu Tubergi projekt "Inimene ja liiv"; 3. Regina Kari maalid; 4. Martin Rattase maalid; 5. Marit Ilisoni rõivakollektsioon "Lumine"; 6. Gerli Liivamägi rõivakollektsioon "Praak"; 7. Lilli Jahilo rõivakollektsioon; 8. Veiko Liisi disainitud koristusvahendid; 9. Kai Eicheni "Lillelina"; 10. Anneli Paloveeri kõrgreljeefselt graveeritud kerakujulised objektid; 11. Marit Mihklepa "Pilvepadi"

  11. Reviews of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    various authors

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Elisabeth Bronfen. Over Her Dead Body: Death, Feminity and the Aesthetic by Lisa Maruca Jacques Dupin: Selected Poems . (Translated by Paul Auster, Stephen Romer, and David Shipiro. by Maryann De Julio Carolyn A. Durham. The Contexture of Feminism: Marie Cardinal and Multicultural Literacy by Yolanda Astarita Patterson Mike Gonzalez and David Treece. The Gathering of Voices: The Twentieth-Century Poetry of Latin America by Steven F. White Emily D. Hicks. Border Writing: The Multidimensional Text by Roselyn Constantino Robin Régine. Socialist Realism: An Impossible Aesthetic by Peter Hitchcock Kari Weil. Androgyny and the Denial of Difference by Brigitte Roussel

  12. Meie kobar PÖFFi peamises põõsas / Tarmo Teder

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Teder, Tarmo, 1958-

    2007-01-01

    Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivalist, Eesti filmide võistlusprogrammist, mille auhinna rahastajaks on Scottish Leader Eesti. Konkurssprogrammis on 12 täispikka filmi: "Sügisball" (rezh. Veiko Õunpuu), "Nuga" (rezh. Marko Raat), "Dirigendi kõla" (rezh. Helle Karis, Peter Murdmaa), "Vastutuulesaal" (rezh. Priit Valkna), "Klass" (rezh. Ilmar Raag), "Kuhu põgenevad hinged" (rezh. Rainer Sarnet), "Tervitusi Nõukogude Eestist!" (rezh. Urmas Eero Liiv), "Jonathan Austraaliast" (rezh. Sulev Keedus), "Georg" (rezh. Peeter Simm), "Debora Vaarandi aeg" (rezh. Katrin Laur), "Jan Uuspõld läheb Tartusse" (rezh. Andres Maimik, Rain Tolk), "Põdra kuningriik" (rezh. Rein Maran)

  13. A Rocket Measurement of Ozone Concentration Profile Over the Korean Peninsula Using the Korean Sounding Rocket KSR-420S: Ozone Detector, its Calibration and Data Reduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jhoon Kim

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available The first sounding rocket in Korea, KSR-420S has been under the development at Korea Aerospace Research Institute(KARI, and is expected to launched on 1993 to measure the vertical ozone profile over the Korean Peninsula. The KSR-420S is expected to provide the first in situ measurement of ozone concentrations over the Korean Peninsula. An optical ozone detector has been developed at Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science(KRISS, and its calibration has been completed recently. In this paper, measurement principles of the ozone detector in KSR-420S, its calibration data, ozone measurement procedure and data reduction algorithm are presented with sample calculations.

  14. Eesti luule aastal 1930 / Ants Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oras, Ants, 1900-1982

    2009-01-01

    Ülevaade eesti luulest 1930. aastal. Pikemalt käsitletakse järgnevaid autoreid ja nende teoseid: Anna Haava "Siiski on elu ilus", Peeter Grünfeldt "Minu kodu", Villem Ridala "Sinine kari", Aleksander Antson "Epigrammid", Johannes Barbarus "Maailm on lahti", Johannes Schütz "Peipsist mereni", August Alle "Ummiklained", Johannes Semper "Päike rentslis". Tõlgetest vaadeldakse Vladimir Majakovski "Pilv püksten", Larin-Kyösti "Valge neitsit" ja August Anni tõlgitud ja toimetatud kogu "Kanteletar I"

  15. Patricia Benners teori som referenceramme for undersøgelsen af dygtige sygeplejersker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Uhrenfeldt, Lisbeth

    2010-01-01

    Med sygeplejeteori som referenceramme giver svar på spørgsmålet: Hvad kan man bruge sygeplejeteori til - og hvordan? Bogens første del belyser udvikling og anvendelse af sygeplejeteori. Specielt tages der udgangspunkt i, hvad en teoretisk referenceramme er, og hvordan man arbejder stringent med s...... kendte sygeplejeteorier af Kari Martinsen, Katie Eriksson, Merry Scheel og Patricia Benner, ligesom forskningsmetoderne varierer fra kvantitativ metode til kvalitative metoder. Vægten er lagt på, hvordan teorien anvendes frem for på forskningsresultater....

  16. Lutikat : [luuletused] / Viktor Shibanov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Shibanov, Viktor

    2005-01-01

    Sisu: Lutikat / udmurdi keelest soome keelde tõlkinud Viktor Shibanov, Sara Hännikäinen ; Ylösalaisin kasvava puu / udmurdi keelest soome keelde tõlkinud Sara Hännikäinen, Hannu Oittinen ; Ovi / udmurdi keelest soome keelde tõlkinud Kari Sallamaa ; Lumest / udmurdi keelest eesti keelde tõlkinud koostöös autoriga Mihkel Kera ; Ringikujuline lõks ; Nulg ; Maja ; "Maa ühest otsast teise..." ; Vana ajaleht ; Neiu ja karu / udmurdi keelest eesti keelde tõlkinud Irina Orehhova, Kristiina Ehin

  17. Preschool teachers, speech therapists and parents: cooperation in recognition and treatment of preschool children speech disorders

    OpenAIRE

    Praček, Tamara

    2016-01-01

    The words by Ivo Škarić (2005) that we give ourselves to the world by using speech is a good reason to dwell upon what needs to be done to make speech the best possible (fluent, intelligible…). There are various factors that influence the development of child's speech (physiological, sociological) A newly born child has certain speech predispositions (brain centres, speech organs) which cannot be developed unless a chiald hears the speech. When born, a chiald »enters« his family's environment...

  18. Relationship between salivary fluor concentration and caries index in 12–15 years old children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vidyana Pratiwi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dental caries is a bacterial infection leading to dissolution and localized damage of hard tissues. The assessment of caries risk is based on several caries indicators including clinical conditions (DMF-T index, environment (fluor, and general health. Purpose: The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between salivary fluor concentration and caries index in children aging 12–15 years old at SMP Negeri 2 PTPN VIII Pangalengan. Methods: This study is an observational analytical study using crosssectional approach and is conducted in a field trial manner. The study sample consists of 80 students in the age of 12 to 15 years old at SMP Negeri 2 PTPN VIII selected through Probability Sampling manner using simple random sampling method. Results: The result of this study shows a DMF-T index of 4.32 and salivary fluor concentration mean of 0.018. Pearson Product Moment correlation test shows that there is a weak correlation between salivary fluor concentration and DMF-T index. Conclusion: It is concluded that the salivary fluor concentration has an insignificant correlation with the DMF-T index since the fluor concentration in saliva is very low.Latar belakang: Karies gigi adalah penyakit infeksi bakteri yang berakibat pada disolusi dan kerusakan terlokalisasi jaringan keras. Penilaian risiko karies berdasarkan atas beberapa indikator karies yaitu kondisi klinis (indeks DMF-T, lingkungan (fluor, dan kesehatan umum. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan konsentrasi fluor yang terdapat dalam saliva dengan indeks karies pada anak usia 12-15 tahun di SMP Negeri 2 PTPN VIII Pangalengan. Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian analitik observasional dengan pendekatan cross sectional yang dilakukan di lapangan. Sampel penelitian sebanyak 80 orang siswasiswi usia 12–15 tahun di SMP Negeri 2 PTPN VIII Pangalengan yang dipilih secara Probability Sampling dengan metode simple random sampling. Hasil

  19. Korea Earth Observation Satellite Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baek, Myung-Jin; Kim, Zeen-Chul

    via Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) as the prime contractor in the area of Korea earth observation satellite program to enhance Korea's space program development capability. In this paper, Korea's on-going and future earth observation satellite programs are introduced: KOMPSAT- 1 (Korea Multi Purpose Satellite-1), KOMPSAT-2 and Communication, Broadcasting and Meteorological Satellite (CBMS) program. KOMPSAT-1 satellite successfully launched in December 1999 with Taurus launch vehicle. Since launch, KOMPSAT-1 is downlinking images of Korea Peninsular every day. Until now, KOMPSAT-1 has been operated more than 2 and half years without any major hardware malfunction for the mission operation. KOMPSAT-1 payload has 6.6m panchromatic spatial resolution at 685 km on-orbit and the spacecraft bus had NASA TOMS-EP (Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer-Earth Probe) spacecraft bus heritage designed and built by TRW, U.S.A.KOMPSAT-1 program was international co-development program between KARI and TRW funded by Korean Government. be launched in 2004. Main mission objective is to provide geo-information products based on the multi-spectral high resolution sensor called Multi-Spectral Camera (MSC) which will provide 1m panchromatic and 4m multi-spectral high resolution images. ELOP of Israel is the prime contractor of the MSC payload system and KARI is the total system prime contractor including spacecraft bus development and ground segment. KARI also has the contract with Astrium of Europe for the purpose of technical consultation and hardware procurement. Based on the experience throughout KOMPSAT-1 and KOMPSAT-2 space system development, Korea is expecting to establish the infrastructure of developing satellite system. Currently, KOMPSAT-2 program is in the critical design stage. are scheduled to launch in 2008 and in 2014, respectively. The mission of CBMS consists of two areas. One is of space technology test for the communications mission, and the other is of a real

  20. International Project Management Committee: Overview and Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Edward

    2010-01-01

    This slide presentation discusses the purpose and composition of the International Project Management Committee (IMPC). The IMPC was established by members of 15 space agencies, companies and professional organizations. The goal of the committee is to establish a means to share experiences and best practices with space project/program management practitioners at the global level. The space agencies that are involved are: AEB, DLR, ESA, ISRO, JAXA, KARI, and NASA. The industrial and professional organizational members are Comau, COSPAR, PMI, and Thales Alenia Space.

  1. Mundhygiene und Patientenzufriedenheit von Klinikpatienten einer Universitätszahnklinik

    OpenAIRE

    Kohlhase, Friedrich

    2012-01-01

    1.1 Hintergrund und Ziele Obwohl Prävention und Prophylaxe deutlich an Bedeutung gewonnen haben, gehören Karies und Parodontalerkrankungen nach wie vor zu den am weitest verbreiteten Krankheiten. Die Bereitschaft zu Prophylaxemaßnahmen hat großen Einfluss auf die orale Gesundheit. In sozioökonomisch schlechter gestellten Schichten ist das Hygieneverhalten aber immer noch dürftig. Um Compliance bei seinen Patienten zu erreichen, ist das Motivationsgespräch des Behandlers von größter Bedeutung;...

  2. Vahel on piinlik olla parem … / Raivo Juurak

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Juurak, Raivo, 1949-

    2016-01-01

    Gustav Adolfi gümnaasium tähistas 6. juunil oma 385. aastapäeva haridusteemalise ümarlauaga teemal „Tasuta ja tasulise hariduse piir Gustav Adolfi gümnaasiumi näitel”. Diskussioonis osalesid riigikontrolör Alar Karis, haridus- ja teadusminister Jürgen Ligi, Gustav Adolfi gümnaasiumi direktor Hendrik Agur, nõukogu esimees Marti Hääl, hoolekogu esimees Rando Antsmäe, vanematekogu esimees Agur Jõgi ja vilistlaskogu esimees Aivar Rauam

  3. O MARXISMO COM "DISTINGOS"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Yves Calvez

    1979-01-01

    Full Text Available Jean Yves Calvez, um dos maiores especialistas contemporâneos do pensamento de Marx, autor, dentre outros numerosos livros e artigos, da obra clássica "La Pensée de KarI Marx", traduzida em todos os principais idiomas (trad. port. de Agostinho Velloso S.J., ed. Livraria Tavares Martins, 2 vols., analisa o problema que, sob variantes diversas se renova constantemente na Igreja, nos últimos decênios, a saber, o dos cristãos que intentam adoptar o marxismo "com distingos", isto é, adoptar parte do mesmo,dissociada do todo.

  4. Design and Realization of Universal Data Interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jong-Woo; Seo, Suk-Bae; Kim, Kyung-Tae

    2005-03-01

    KARI studied data interface of Space Applications for developing Space Experimental Instrument in International Space Station, designed, and manufactured the UDIS (International Sapce Station Universal Data Interface simulator) according to requirements of the data interface. This paper explains the design and implementation of UDIS for space application. UDIS is the instrument which simulate to interface the data from ISS to experiment module, payload and habitation module and use the development of a experiment system in the space. This simulator will be used to the GSE (Ground Support Equipment) for test of experiment system. By realization of the simulator, we ensure data interface skills for a manned-space data communication system.

  5. Zahnmedizin Schweiz - weiterhin im Dienst der oralen Gesundheit?

    OpenAIRE

    Imfeld, T

    2008-01-01

    Die Ausgaben für zahnmedizinische Behandlungen betragen in der Schweiz rund CHF 400.00 pro Kopf und Jahr. Kostenträger ist zu 94% der Patient. Eine Versicherung deckt gemäss Definition die Kosten eines durch zufällige Ereignisse hervorgerufenen Bedarfs. Karies und Zahnverlust infolge von Parodontitis sind jedoch nahezu vollständig vermeidbar, also nicht „zufällige Ereignisse“. Während ein Einbezug zahnärztlicher Leistungen in die gesetzliche Krankenversicherung primär die Verso...

  6. Award for Distinguished Contributions to Education and Training in psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-12-01

    This award is given by the Board of Educational Affairs in recognition of the efforts of psychologists who have made distinguished contributions to education and training, who have produced imaginative innovations, or who have been involved in the developmental phases of programs in education and training in psychology. These contributions might include important research on education and training; the development of effective materials for instruction; the establishment of workshops, conferences, or networks of communication for education and training; achievement and leadership in administration that facilitates education and training; or activity in professional organizations that promote excellence. The Award for Distinguished Contributions to Education and Training in psychology recognizes a specific contribution to education and training. The Career designation is added to the award at the discretion of the Education and Training Awards Committee to recognize continuous significant contributions made over a lifelong career in psychology. This year the Education and Training Awards Committee selected a psychologist for the Career designation. The 2017 recipients of the APA Education and Training Contributions Awards were selected by the 2016 Education and Training Awards Committee appointed by the Board of Educational Affairs (BEA). Members of the 2016 Education and Training Awards Committee were Erica Wise, PhD (Chair); Ron Rozensky, PhD; Jane D. Halonen, PhD; Sharon Berry, PhD (Chair Elect); Emil Rodolfa, PhD; and Sylvia A. Rosenfield, PhD. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  7. Syntheses, biological activities and SAR studies of novel carboxamide compounds containing piperazine and arylsulfonyl moieties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Bao-Lei; Shi, Yan-Xia; Zhang, Shu-Jun; Ma, Yi; Wang, Hong-Xue; Zhang, Li-Yuan; Wei, Wei; Liu, Xing-Hai; Li, Yong-Hong; Li, Zheng-Ming; Li, Bao-Ju

    2016-07-19

    A series of novel carboxamide compounds 19a-19j, 20a-20j and 22a-22d containing piperazine and arylsulfonyl moieties have been synthesized. The bioassay results showed that some compounds exhibited favorable herbicidal activities against dicotyledonous plants and many of them possessed excellent antifungal activities. Among 24 novel compounds, some showed superiority over the commercial fungicides Chlorothalonil, Dimethomorph, Thiophanate-methyl, Iprodione, and Zhongshengmycin at 500 mg/L concentration. Some compounds also exhibited high KARI inhibitory activity at 100 μg/mL concentration and could be used as new KARI lead inhibitors for further studies. Moreover, SAR of these new compounds were comprehensively investigated using different computational methods in which 3D-QSAR model obtained provided useful information for further structural optimization for the discovery of new fungicides. The results of this research will contribute to explore comprehensive biological activities of piperazine-containing compounds in different areas of chemistry. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  8. Korelasi Jumlah Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans dan Level Ekspresi Interlukin 8 (IL-8 pada Severe Early Childhood Caries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Luthfi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Karies gigi pada anak usia dini merupakan masalah kesehatan yang sangat serius karena merupakan penyakit infeksi kronis yang menular. Dalam beberapa tahun terakhir pandangan tentang neutrofil telah berubah secara dramatis. Neutrofil tidak hanya berperan sebagai pembunuh mikroba melalui proses fagositosis, pelepasan reactive oxigen species (ROS dan peptida antimikrobialnya tetapi neutrofil turut mengatur aktifasi respon imun. Interleukin-8 (IL-8 berfungsi sebagai aktivator kuat dan kemoatraktan neutrofil oleh karena itu IL-8 merupakan mediator kunci dalam migrasi neutrofil ke lokasi peradangan dan infeksi. Untuk menganalisis hubungan dari jumlah S. mutans dan ekspresi IL-8 neutrofil saliva pada anak usia dini bebas karies dan severe early childhood caries (S-ECC. Perlakuan dilakukan pada dua kelompok yaitu isolasi dan menghitung jumlah S. mutans pada sampel saliva dan sampel hasil kumur dengan NaCl 1,5% yang diisolasi neutrofilnya kemudian dianalisis ekspresi IL-8 menggunakan flow cytometry dari 20 anak bebas karies dan 20 anak severe early childhood caries. Hasil nilai rata-rata diketahui bahwa jumlah S. mutans anak usia dini bebas karies lebih rendah (513.500,00±185.565,28 CFU/ml dibandingkan dengan S-ECC (977.000,00±222.500,15 CFU/ml, sedangkan ekspresi IL-8 neutrofil saliva anak usia dini bebas karies lebih tinggi (3,31±0,50 dibandingkan dengan S-ECC (2,95+0,56. Penurunan ekspresi IL-8 neutrofil saliva kemungkinan sebagai penyebab meningkatnya jumlah S. mutans pada S-ECC. Correlation of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans Level and Interleukin 8 (IL-8 Expressions of Salivary Neutrophils in Severe Early Childhood Caries. Early childhood caries is a very serious health problem because it is a chronic infectious disease that is contagious. Dental caries begins after the primary teeth grow and develop on the tooth surface very quickly and progressively. In recent years the views of neutrophils have changed dramatically. Neutrophils

  9. Prevotella intermedia and Porphyromonas gingivalis in dental caries with periapical granuloma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Risya Cilmiaty

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dental caries with necrotic pulp is a multifactorial disease that attacks enamel involving tooth pulp. The anaerobic bacteria infection in the pulp chamber could induce the formation of periapical granuloma. However, the presence of the most frequently anaerobic bacteria identified in apical periodontitis, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Prevotella intermedia, in periapical granuloma have not been confirmed. Purpose: The aims of study were to determine the presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Prevotella intermedia in dental caries with necrotic pulp and to determine its relation to periapical granuloma. Methods: Thirty-six patients of dental caries with necrotic pulp in Dr. Moewardi General Hospital in Surakarta, Indonesia were involved and classified into two groups, the group of patients with periapical granuloma and the group of patients without periapical granuloma. The caries tooth was extracted, and the chronic periapical tissue was swabbed and cultured on blood agar medium in anaerobic condition. The bacterial DNA was extracted from the positive cultures and subjected for Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR. Results: Periapical granuloma was more likely found in women (OR 5.5, 95% CI=1.277-23.693; RR 2.5, 95% CI= 1.025-6.100. Black colonies bacteria were associated with periapical granuloma (OR 2.2, 95% CI=0.517-9.594; RR 1.5, 95% CI=0.655-3.623. Porphyromonas gingivalis and Prevotella intermedia were detected in group with or without periapical granuloma, however, only Prevotella intermedia was associated with periapical granuloma (OR 1.6, 95% CI=0.418-5.903; RR 1.3, 95% CI=0.653-2.393. Conclusion: The presence of Porphyromonas gingivalis and Prevotella intermedia in periapical granuloma were confirmed, however, only Prevotella intermedia were associated with periapical granuloma.Latar belakang: Karies gigi dengan pulpa nekrosis adalah penyakit multifaktorial yang menyerang enamel hingga ruang pulpa gigi. Infeksi bakteri anaerob

  10. PENGGUNAAN SILVER DIAMINA FLUORIDA (SDF 38% SEBAGAI Arresting Caries Treatment (ACT PADA ANAK-ANAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lendrawati Lendrawati

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakKaries merupakan masalah kesehatan gigi yang banyak diderita oleh anak-anak seluruh dunia terutama negara berkembang termasuk Indonesia. Kerusakan gigi pada anak-anak terjadi lebih cepat dibandingkan orang dewasa karena gigi yang baru erupsi masih dalam proses maturasi dan proses mineralisasi belum sempurna. Tubuli dentin anak anak yang masih lebar menyebabkan pembentukan jaringan sklerotik tidak sempurna dan buffer saliva masih kurang sehingga aktivitas proteolitik menjadi lebih banyak di dalam mulut. Fluor merupakan zat mineral yang digunakan sebagai bahan yang efektif mencegah terjadinya karies gigi dapat membuat lapisan email tahan terhadap kerusakan yang disebabkan pelarutan email oleh zat asam. Strategi pencegahan karies lebih efektif sejak diperkenalkannya silver diamina fluoride (SDF yang merupakan cairan tidak berwarna mengandung ion fluoride yang digunakan untuk memacu terjadinya proses remineralisasi hidoksiapatit mineral gigi. Penggunaan SDF ini merupakan metoda Arresting Caries Treatment (ACT. SDF menggabungkan efek penguatan gigi dari natrium fluoride (NaF dan efek nitrat perak.Konsentrasi efektif solusi SDF 38% (44.800 ion fluoride ppm digunakan untuk menghambat perkembangan karies pada gigi sulung anak-anak, terutama anak-anak yang sulit untuk dilakukan perawatan. SDF sederhana, mudah dalam mengaplikasikan dan biaya pemakaian lebih murah. SDF merupakan bahan yang tepat untuk digunakan untuk mengatasi masalah kesehatan gigi masyarakat terutama pada anak-anak.Kata Kunci : karies gigi, silver diamine fluoride, Arresting Caries Treatment, topikalAbstractDental caries is a health problem that affects many children all over the world, especially in developing countries, including Indonesia. Tooth decay in children occurs more rapidly than adults because the new tooth eruption is still in the process of maturation and mineralization process is not perfect. Dentin tubules of children is still wide lead sclerotic tissue formation

  11. Prevalensi early childhood caries dan severe early childhood caries pada anak prasekolah di Gunung Anyar Surabaya (The prevalences of early childhood caries and severe early childhood caries in preschool children at Gunung Anyar Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahel Wahjuni Sutjipto

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Early childhood caries (ECC is a serious health problem especially in young children. Frequent night time bottle feeding with milk and prolong breast-feeding are reported to be the possible cause. Purpose: The purpose of study was to determine the prevalence of ECC and severe early childhood caries (SECC in children at Preschool Gunung Anyar district Surabaya. Methods: The subjects were 65 children consist of children aged 6 months (5 children, 1 year (8 children, 2 years (24 children, and 3 years (28 children. All tooth surface is evaluated. If there was one or more DMFs, it was indicated as ECC, whereas if there was one or more DMFs on smooth surfaces, then indicated as SECC. Results: No caries has found in 6 months and 1 year old children. The higher prevalence of ECC and SECC is in 3 years old children. The most caries was found on mesial maxillary central incisors. Conclusion: This study shows that the prevalence of ECC in group of children aged 6 months - 3 years at Gunung Anyar Surabaya was 30.8 % , while the prevalence was 29.2 % SECC .Latar belakang: Karies anak usia dini merupakan masalah kesehatan yang serius terutama di kalangan anak-anak. Sering mengkonsumsi susu melalui botol pada malam hari dan pemberian ASI yang berkepanjangan dilaporkan sebagai faktor penyebab. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti prevalensi ECC dan SECC pada kelompok anak di PAUD Gunung Anyar Surabaya. Metode: Subyek penelitian ini adalah 65 anak yang terdiri dari anak usia 6 bulan (5 anak, 1 tahun (8 anak, 2 tahun (24 anak, dan 3 tahun (28 anak. Semua permukaan gigi dievaluasi. Apabila terdapat 1 atau lebih dmfs, maka diindikasikan sebagai ECC, sedangkan apabila terdapat 1 atau lebih dmfs pada permukaan gigi yang halus, maka diindikasikan sebagai SECC. Hasil: Tidak ditemukan karies pada kelompok anak usia 6 bulan hingga 1 tahun. Prevalensi tinggi ECC dan SECC ditemukan pada kelompok anak usia 3 tahun. Area gigi yang paling sering terkena

  12. PENERAPAN FUZZY INFERENCE SYSTEM TAKAGI-SUGENO-KANG PADA SISTEM PAKAR DIAGNOSA PENYAKIT GIGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutfi Salisa Setiawati

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Generally, expert system only show types of disease after user choose symptoms. In the study is done the addition of disease severity level. The method applied in the calculation of the severity is a method of Fuzzy Inference System Takagi-Sugeno-Kang (Method of Sugeno. This study attempts to know whether method Fuzzy Inference System Takagi-Sugeno-Kang can work for expert system in giving the diagnosis diseases of the teeth. The result of this research or severity for diseases of pulpitis reversible 38,53%, pulpitis irreversible 59,64%, periodontitis 69,62%, acute periodontitis 51,43%, gingivitis 45.5%, acute pericoronitis 53,93%, sub acute pericoronitis 52,14%, chronic pericoronitis 46,05%, caries dentist an early stage 37,61%, caries dentist toward an advanced stage 43,89%, caries dentist an advanced stage 51,76%, gangrene pulpa 42,5%, polyps pulpa 56,43%, and periostitis 58,55%. A conclusion that was obtained from the study that is a method of Fuzzy Inference System Takagi-Sugeno-Kang could be applied to expert system of the teeth. Key Word: Teeth , Expert System , Expert System Teeth , Fuzzy Logic , Fuzzy Inference System , Takagi-Sugeno-Kang , Fuzzy Sugeno Pada umumnya, istem pakar hanya menampilkan jenis penyakit setelah user memilih gejala-gejala. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan penambahan tingkat keparahan penyakit. Metode yang diterapkan dalam perhitungan tingkat keparahan ini yaitu Metode Fuzzy Inference System Takagi-Sugeno-Kang (Metode Sugeno. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apakah metode Fuzzy Inference System Takagi-Sugeno-Kang dapat diterapkan pada sistem pakar dalam memberikan diagnosa penyakit gigi. Hasil dari penelitian ini didapatkan tingkat keparahan untuk penyakit Pulpitis Reversibel 38,53%, Pulpitis Irreversibel 59,64%, Periodontitis 69,62%, Periodontitis Akut 51,43%, Gingivitis 45,5%, Perikoronitis Akut 53,93%, Perikoronitis Sub Akut 52,14%, Perikoronitis Kronis 46,05%, Karies Denties Tahap Awal 37,61%, Karies

  13. Mismatch negativity (MMN) elicited by duration deviations in children with reading disorder, attention deficit or both.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huttunen-Scott, Tiina; Kaartinen, Jukka; Tolvanen, Asko; Lyytinen, Heikki

    2008-07-01

    According to several studies auditory discrimination as measured by mismatch negativity (MMN) is compromised in participants with reading disorder. However, studies on duration discrimination have produced conflicting findings [Baldeweg, T., Richardson, A., Watkins, S., Foale, C., & Gruzelier, J., 1999. Impaired auditory frequency discrimination in dyslexia detected with mismatch evoked potentials. Annals of Neurology, 4, 1-9; Corbera, S., Escera, C., & Artigas, J., 2006. Impaired duration mismatch negativity in developmental dyslexia. Neuroreport, 17, 1051-1055]. Auditory sensitivity has not been as actively investigated among children with attention deficit, although attention problems often co-occur with dyslexia. The present study is a reanalysis of MMN data gathered from control children and children with reading disorder (RD) and/or attention deficit (AD). In our previous analysis [Huttunen, T., Halonen, A., Kaartinen, J. & Lyytinen, H., 2007. Does mismatch negativity show differences in reading disabled children as compared to normal children and children with attention deficit? Developmental Neuropsychology, 31, 453-470.], the only significant difference between the groups was in the lateralization of the MMNs in the RD and the control group: the MMNs of the RD group were more pronounced over the left hemisphere, while those of the control group appeared larger over the right hemisphere. A reanalysis was conducted to study whether the group definition criteria and/or overlap of the attention and reading deficits in the AD group might have affected the results. For this purpose participants were divided to four groups: control children, children with RD, children with AD, and children with both RD and AD. MMN was elicited by duration deviations in a continuous sound. Significant differences were observed in the MMN peaks between the control group and all clinical groups: the MMNs were diminished in the right hemisphere in the RD group, in all frontal and

  14. Grades, Student Satisfaction and Retention in Online and Face-to-Face Introductory Psychology Units: A Test of Equivalency Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garratt-Reed, David; Roberts, Lynne D.; Heritage, Brody

    2016-01-01

    There has been a recent rapid growth in the number of psychology courses offered online through institutions of higher education. The American Psychological Association has highlighted the importance of ensuring the effectiveness of online psychology courses (Halonen et al., 2013). Despite this, there have been inconsistent findings regarding student grades, satisfaction, and retention in online psychology units. Equivalency Theory (Simonson, 1999; Simonson et al., 1999) posits that online and classroom-based learners will attain equivalent learning outcomes when equivalent learning experiences are provided. We present a study of an online introductory psychology unit designed to provide equivalent learning experiences to the pre-existing face-to-face version of the unit. Using quasi-experimental methods, academic performance, student feedback, and retention data from 866 Australian undergraduate psychology students were examined to assess whether the online unit developed to provide equivalent learning experiences produced comparable outcomes to the ‘traditional’ unit delivered face-to-face. Student grades did not significantly differ between modes of delivery, except for a group-work based assessment where online students performed more poorly. Student satisfaction was generally high in both modes of the unit, with group-work the key source of dissatisfaction in the online unit. The results provide partial support for Equivalency Theory. The group-work based assessment did not provide an equivalent learning experience for students in the online unit highlighting the need for further research to determine effective methods of engaging students in online group activities. Consistent with previous research, retention rates were significantly lower in the online unit, indicating the need to develop effective strategies to increase online retention rates. While this study demonstrates successes in presenting students with an equivalent learning experience, we

  15. Grades, Student Satisfaction and Retention in Online and Face-to-Face Introductory Psychology Units: A Test of Equivalency Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garratt-Reed, David; Roberts, Lynne D; Heritage, Brody

    2016-01-01

    There has been a recent rapid growth in the number of psychology courses offered online through institutions of higher education. The American Psychological Association has highlighted the importance of ensuring the effectiveness of online psychology courses (Halonen et al., 2013). Despite this, there have been inconsistent findings regarding student grades, satisfaction, and retention in online psychology units. Equivalency Theory (Simonson, 1999; Simonson et al., 1999) posits that online and classroom-based learners will attain equivalent learning outcomes when equivalent learning experiences are provided. We present a study of an online introductory psychology unit designed to provide equivalent learning experiences to the pre-existing face-to-face version of the unit. Using quasi-experimental methods, academic performance, student feedback, and retention data from 866 Australian undergraduate psychology students were examined to assess whether the online unit developed to provide equivalent learning experiences produced comparable outcomes to the 'traditional' unit delivered face-to-face. Student grades did not significantly differ between modes of delivery, except for a group-work based assessment where online students performed more poorly. Student satisfaction was generally high in both modes of the unit, with group-work the key source of dissatisfaction in the online unit. The results provide partial support for Equivalency Theory. The group-work based assessment did not provide an equivalent learning experience for students in the online unit highlighting the need for further research to determine effective methods of engaging students in online group activities. Consistent with previous research, retention rates were significantly lower in the online unit, indicating the need to develop effective strategies to increase online retention rates. While this study demonstrates successes in presenting students with an equivalent learning experience, we

  16. Optimization of Airport Surface Traffic: A Case-Study of Incheon International Airport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eun, Yeonju; Jeon, Daekeun; Lee, Hanbong; Jung, Yoon Chul; Zhu, Zhifan; Jeong, Myeong-Sook; Kim, Hyoun Kyoung; Oh, Eunmi; Hong, Sungkwon

    2017-01-01

    This study aims to develop a controllers' decision support tool for departure and surface management of ICN. Airport surface traffic optimization for Incheon International Airport (ICN) in South Korea was studied based on the operational characteristics of ICN and airspace of Korea. For surface traffic optimization, a multiple runway scheduling problem and a taxi scheduling problem were formulated into two Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP) optimization models. The Miles-In-Trail (MIT) separation constraint at the departure fix shared by the departure flights from multiple runways and the runway crossing constraints due to the taxi route configuration specific to ICN were incorporated into the runway scheduling and taxiway scheduling problems, respectively. Since the MILP-based optimization model for the multiple runway scheduling problem may be computationally intensive, computation times and delay costs of different solving methods were compared for a practical implementation. This research was a collaboration between Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) and National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

  17. POLA BEROBAT GIGI DAN STATUS KESEHATAN GIGI DI PROVINSI BANGKA BELITUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fx. Sintawati

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstak:Latar Belakang: Provinsi Bangka Belitung merupakan wilayah dengan tingkat kerusakan gigi penduduknya tertinggi di Indonesia. Pada Riskesdas 2007 dilaporkan di Provinsi Bangka Belitung, penduduk usia 12 tahun ke atas pernah mengalami karies sebesar 86,8 % dan yang mengalami karies aktif yang belum memperoleh perawatan sebesar 50,8%. Dari penelitian terdahulu di Provinsi Bangka Belitung diketahui bahwa rata-rata 5 gigi per-orang pernah mengalami kerusakan meliputi 3,6 gigi dicabut, 0,35 gigi dibiarkan karies tanpa perawatan dan hanya 0,05 yang ditumpat.  Ini mengambarkan situasi layanan kesehatan gigi di Provinsi Bangka Belitung yang didominasi oleh pelayanan pencabutan gigi.  Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui status kesehatan gigi dan pola berobat gigi di Provinsi Bangka Belitung. Metode: Penelitian dilakukan secara deskriptif dengan rancangan cross sectional (potong lintang, adapun  jumlah responden penelitian  adalah 1152 orang. Hasil: Status kesehatan gigi terendah (indeks DMF-T tertinggi  pada  golongan usia > 60 tahun dimana pada perempuan lebih tinggi daripada laki-laki. Upaya untuk mengatasi  sakit  gigi atau kelainan gigi yang paling banyak  adalah dengan pencabutan gigi (77,6%, pemberian obat untuk menghilangkan rasa sakit (77,3%, konseling atau penyuluhan (34,8%, dan penambalan gigi (33,1%. Kesimpulan: Status kesehatan gigi di Provinsi Bangka Belitung sangat rendah, dengan indeks DMF-T yang sangat tinggi dijumpai pada golongan umur > 60 tahun, diikuti golongan umur  35-44 tahun. Upaya pengobatan yang dilakukan  lebih banyak pencabutan gigi, ini berarti upaya perawatan/pengobatan yang dilakukan masyarakat sudah sangat terlambat. Saran: Perlu peningkatan kemampuan pelayanan kesehatan gigi dan juga akses ke tempat pelayanan kesehatan gigi  karena ini berhubungan erat dengan kejadian karies gigiABSTRACT Background: Bangka Belitung Province is the region with the highest population rate of tooth decay in

  18. Undersökning av varumottagning i en byggvaruaffär

    OpenAIRE

    Forsman, Marc

    2016-01-01

    Karis Järn hör till de ledande järnaffärerna inom Raseborgs region, vilket leder till stora produktströmmar till företaget. Detta ställer krav på hur varumottagningen sköts i företaget. Att lagerhållningen är viktig för ett företag framgår i teorin där focusen ligger på lagerhållning samt dess fördelar. Varumottagningen sköts av företagets varumottagare, men förs in i företagets datasystem av både varumottagaren och kontorspersonal. Syftet med detta arbete är att undersöka ifall det finns bri...

  19. MANAGEMENT OF THE SPORT EVENT „THE MINI OLYMPIC GAMES – ZEMUN 2004.“

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Violeta Šiljak

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Implementation of scientific management in sport applied to the sport event is very significant because of connection between theory and practice. Management of a sport event is complex, because it is necessary to supervise the event itself, from the beginning till the end. „The Mini Olympic Games – Zemun 2004.“ are the sport event which was successfully organized in June 2004. by the Faculty of Management in Sport. The aim of this project was to establish interaction of cultural, business and friendly relations between Greece and Serbia, as well as to promote the Faculty of Management in Sport, University „Braća Karić“. The realization of this sport event was based on application of all the principles of general management. This striking example could be a very useful for future practical work in order to perceive extremely important syncretism of scientific management and sport events.

  20. Heads of administration from the University of Bergen, Norway, visiting CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2094367

    2017-01-01

    The faculty directors and heads of administration from the University of Bergen, Norway, visited CERN on November 6 2017. The group was received by Martin Steinacher, Director for Finance and Human Resources, Prof. Egil Lillestøl, honorary staff member and Jens Vigen, head librarian. The delegation from Bergen included: Kjell Bernstrøm, University Director, Øystein Iversen, Director for Faculty of Law, Tore Tungodden, Assistant University Director, Kari Fuglseth, Deputy Director General University Director´s Office, Laurice Høie, Higher Executive Officer University Director´s Office, Ingar Myking, Deputy Director General University Director´s Office, Alette Mykkeltvedt, Director for Faculty of Social Sciences, Elisabeth Lysebo, Director for Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Kim Ove Hommen, Director for Faculty of Humanities, Kristin Nodland, Head of Administration University Museum, Synnøve Myhre, Director for Faculty of Fine Art, Music and Design, Ørjan Hauge, Assistant Director for Facu...

  1. MicroRNA profiling of patient plasma for clinical trials using bioinformatics and biostatistical approaches

    OpenAIRE

    Markowitz, Joseph; Abrams, Zachary; Jacob, Naduparambil K; Zhang, Xiaoli; Hassani, John N; Latchana, Nicholas; Wei, Lai; Regan, Kelly E; Brooks, Taylor R; Uppati, Sarvani R; Levine, Kala M; Bekaii-Saab, Tanios; Kendra, Kari L; Lesinski, Gregory B; Howard, J Harrison

    2016-01-01

    Joseph Markowitz,1–4 Zachary Abrams,2,5 Naduparambil K Jacob,2,6 Xiaoli Zhang,2,7 John N Hassani,1 Nicholas Latchana,8 Lai Wei,2,7 Kelly E Regan,2,5 Taylor R Brooks,2 Sarvani R Uppati,2 Kala M Levine,2 Tanios Bekaii-Saab,2,4 Kari L Kendra,2,4 Gregory B Lesinski,2,4 J Harrison Howard,2,8 Thomas Olencki,2,4 Philip R Payne,2,5 William E Carson III2,8 1Department of Cutaneous Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, 2Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, O...

  2. On Fusing Recursive Traversals of K-d Trees

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rajbhandari, Samyam; Kim, Jinsung; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Pouchet, Louis-Noel; Rastello, Fabrice; Harrison, Robert J.; Sadayappan, Ponnuswamy

    2016-03-17

    Loop fusion is a key program transformation for data locality optimization that is implemented in production compilers. But optimizing compilers currently cannot exploit fusion opportunities across a set of recursive tree traversal computations with producer-consumer relationships. In this paper, we develop a compile-time approach to dependence characterization and program transformation to enable fusion across recursively specified traversals over k-ary trees. We present the FuseT source-to-source code transformation framework to automatically generate fused composite recursive operators from an input program containing a sequence of primitive recursive operators. We use our framework to implement fused operators for MADNESS, Multiresolution Adaptive Numerical Environment for Scientific Simulation. We show that locality optimization through fusion can offer more than an order of magnitude performance improvement.

  3. Põhja-Tallinna munitsipaalkoolide põhimääruste kinnitamine

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Lisa 1: Ehte Humanitaargümnaasiumi põhimäärus Lisa 2: Sõle Gümnaasiumi põhimäärus Lisa 3: Pelgulinna Gümnaasiumi põhimäärus Lisa 4: Pelguranna Gümnaasiumi põhimäärus Lisa 5: Kari Gümnaasiumi põhimäärus Lisa 6: Karjamaa Gümnaasiumi põhimäärus Lisa 7: Ristiku Põhikooli põhimäärus Lisa 8: Kalamaja Põhikooli põhimäärus Lisa 9: Kopli Vene Põhikooli põhimäärus Lisa 10: Tallinna Kurtide Kooli põhimäärus Lisa 11: Tallinna Kunstigümnaasiumi põhimäärus. Kogumikus märkus: lisadega saab tutvuda linnakantselei üldosakonna arhiivis

  4. Contingency and Political Action: The Role of Leadership in Endogenously Created Crises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    András Körösényi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Among the recent literature about leadership and crisis situations two main strands are to be observed: structuralist ones mainly treat political leaders as reactive agents who have relatively little room for maneuver, while constructivist ones put greater emphasis on the opportunities in interpreting crises. Our claim is that there is a third analytical possibility mainly neglected in recent literature that is even more voluntaristic than the constructivist approaches. In this scenario, there is no external shock; leaders do not only interpret, but also “invent” crises. To make our claim plausible, we build a conceptual-descriptive typology of the potential relationships between crisis situations and agency. The typology is founded on Kari Palonen’s differentiation between Machiavellian and Weberian types of contingency, but uses his originally conceptual historical argument for analytical purposes. To underpin our theoretical argument, we present short illustrative examples to all three types of crisis scenarios (the structuralist, the constructivist, and the voluntarist one.

  5. Analysis of Buffer Arrangements in Low and High Dimensional Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Alzeidi

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Virtual channels have been introduced to enhance the performance of wormhole-switched networks. They are formed by arranging the buffer space dedicated to a given physical channel into multiple parallel buffers that share the physical bandwidth on a demand driven time-multiplexed manner. The question to be answered is: given a fixed amount of finite buffer what is the optimal way to arrange it into virtual channels. There have been few studies attempting to address this issue, however, these studies have so far resorted to simulation experiments and focused on deterministic routing algorithms. In this paper we use analytical performance models to investigate the optimal arrangement of the available buffer space into multiple virtual channels when adaptive routing is used in wormhole-switched k-ary ncubes.

  6. Subjektive Voraussetzungen der tätigen Reue im Kontext des Versuchs

    OpenAIRE

    Orkiszewski, Bartosz

    2017-01-01

    Instytucja czynnego żalu jest jedną z najważniejszych instytucji prawa karnego. Głównym celem tej regulacji jest odstraszenie sprawcy od popełnienia czynu przestępnego. Czynny żal pozostaje w korelacji z odpowiedzialnością karną. Instytucja ta daje sprawcy, który dobrowolnie odstępuje od czynu przestępnego, możliwość zwolnienia od kary. Jedną z ustawowych przesłanek czynnego żalu jest dobrowolne odstąpienie. Active repentance is one of the most important regulations of penal law. The main ...

  7. Complementary and alternative exercise for fibromyalgia: a meta-analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mist SD

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Scott David Mist, Kari Firestone, Kim Dupree Jones Fibromyalgia Research and Treatment Group, School of Nursing, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, USA Abstract: Complementary and alternative medicine includes a number of exercise modalities, such as tai chi, qigong, yoga, and a variety of lesser-known movement therapies. A meta-analysis of the current literature was conducted estimating the effect size of the different modalities, study quality and bias, and adverse events. The level of research has been moderately weak to date, but most studies report a medium-to-high effect size in pain reduction. Given the lack of adverse events, there is little risk in recommending these modalities as a critical component in a multimodal treatment plan, which is often required for fibromyalgia management. Keywords: fibromyalgia, exercise, complementary and alternative, efficacy, safety

  8. Hoiupanga peahoone. Tallinn, Rävala pst. 5

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1998-01-01

    Projekteerimise ajaloost: 1985. a. Tallinna Moemaja arhitektuurikonkurss ja 1988. a. RPIs "Eesti Tööstusprojekt" valmis ENSV Kergetööstuse Ministeeriumi Teaduslik-Tehnilise Keskuse ja Tallinna Moemaja I ehitusjärgu projekt (R. Kurvitz, U. Muru); !991. a. AS Astlanda ärikeskuse tellimusel krundi hoonestamiseks eskiisprojekt (J. Okas, M. Lõoke) ning alternatiivprojekt (T. Altosaar). Kvartali hoonestuskava: Arhitektuuribüroo Kalle Rõõmus. Projekteerijad: SRV OY, arhitekt Kari Mökkälä, Arhitektuuribüroo Kalle Rõõmus, arhitekt Kullervo Kliimand. Sisekujundus: ARS Interjöörprojekt, autorid Karolin Kõll, Eero Jürgenson, Martin Pärn. Projektijuht: SRV Teräsbetooni Oy. Ehituse peatöövõtt: Eesti Ehitus. Konstruktiivne osa: E - Inseneribüroo. Projekt 1995-97, valmis 1997. Täismonteeritav karkasssüsteemis 7-korruseline büroohoone

  9. MEASUREMENTS OF PRESSURE DISTRIBUTIONS ON A ROTOR BLADE USING PSP TECHNIQUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kidong Kim

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Surface pressure distributions on a rotating blade were measured by using pressure sensitive paint (PSP to understand aerodynamic characteristics of a rotor blade. The present study was conducted to investigate the PSP techniques for measuring the pressure distributions on a rotor blade. In order to perform the experiment, the PSP was required to response very fast due to rapid pressure fluctuations on a rotor blade. High energy excitation light source was also needed to acquire proper intensity images in a short excitation time. The techniques were based on a lifetime method. Qualitative pressure distributions on an upper surface of small scale rotor in hovering condition were measured as a preliminary experiment prior to forward flight conditions in the KARI low speed wind tunnel laboratory. From measured pressure distributions, striking pressure gradient was observed on an upper surface of rotor blade and the resulting pressure showed expected gradient depending on different collective pitch angles. ABSTRAK : Pengagihan tekanan permukaan ke atas berbilah putar disukat menggunakan cat sensitive tekanan (pressure sensitive paint (PSP untuk memahami sifat-sifat aerodinamik suatu berbilah putar. Kajian telah dijalankan untuk menyelidik teknik-teknik PSP dengan mengukur agihan tekanan ke atas suatu berbilah putar. Agar eksperimen dapat dijalankan dengan baik, PSP harus bertindak cepat kerana tekanan naik turun dengan pantas ke atas berbilah putar. Sumber cahaya ujaan tenaga tinggi diperlukan untuk mendapatkan imej keamatan wajar dalam jangka masa ujaan yang pendek. Teknik-teknik tersebut terhasil daripada kajian semasa hayat. Agihan tekanan kualitatif ke permukaan atas berskala kecil pemutar dalam keadaan mengapung diukur sebagai permulaan eksperimen, sebelum penerbangan kehadapan dalam makmal terowong angin laju rendah KARI. Daripada agihan tekanan yang disukat, kecerunan tekanan yang ketara diperolehi daripada permerhatian terhadap permukaan

  10. Pengaruh Penambahan Fluor pada Resin Akrilik terhadap Kekerasan Basis Gigi Tiruan Sebagian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titik Ismiyati

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang. Penelitian ini adalah salah satu efek pemakaian gigi tiruan sebagian adalah mudah terjadinya karies pada gigi yang masih tinggal. Hal ini karena kecenderungan terbentuknya plak pada permukaan gigi dan abrasi karena klamer pada gigi penyangga. Usaha untuk mencegah karies gigi adalah melakukan tindakan fluoridasi. Macam fluor yang sering digunakan adalah sodium fluorida 2,27% (NaF2. Bahan yang sering digunakan untuk membuat plat dasar gigi tiruan sebagian adalah resin akrilik yang komponennya mengandung polimetil metakrilat. Tujuan. Penulisan ini untuk mengetahui fluoridasi melalui gigi tiruan yaitu dengan meneliti penambahan fluor pada resin akrilik terhadap sifat kekerasan basis gigi tiruan sebagian. Metoda. Subyek penelitian berupa 40 plat resin akrilik kuring panas dan kuring dingin yang dicampur dengan sodium fluorida (NaF2, ukuran 20 x 15 x 2,5 mm. Pencampuran sodium fluorida dan resin akrilik dengan perbandil'lgan 1 : 3. Pada kelompok 1 resin akrilik kuring panas dicampur dengan sodium fluorida, kelompok II akrilik resin kuring dingin dicampur dengan sodium fluorida, kelompok 3 resin akrilik kuring panas tanpa penambahan sodium fluorida, dan kelompok 4 resin akrilik kuring dingin tanpa penambahan fluor. Uji kekerasan dilakukan dengan menggunakan alat Micro Vickers Hardness Tester. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan menggunakan statistik anava 2 jalur. Hasil penelitian. Menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang bermakna kekerasan resin akrilik kuring panas dan resin akrilik kuring dingin (p 0,05. Kesimpulan. Penelitian ini adalah penambahan sodium fluorida pada resin akrilik kuring panas dan pada resin akrilik kuring dingin tidak mempengaruhi kekerasan basis gigi tiruan sebagian.

  11. Bioensaio rápido de determinação da sensibilidade da acetolactato sintase (ALS a herbicidas inibidores Rapid bioassay to determine the sensitivity of acetolactate synthase (ALS to inhibitor herbicides

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Andrea Monqueiro

    2001-03-01

    Full Text Available Foi avaliada a atividade da acetolactato sintase (ALS, em plantas resistentes e suscetíveis de B. pilosa e A. quitensis após a aplicação de herbicidas inibidores da ALS. O método baseia-se na utilização do ácido ciclopropanodicarboxílico (CPCA para inibir a cetoácido reductoisomerase (KARI, enzima que catalisa a reação seguinte do acetolactato na cadeia de biossíntese dos aminoácidos valina, leucina e isoleucina, provocando assim, o acúmulo de acetolactato, que na presença de um ácido forte forma acetoína. A base para a distinção entre os biotipos resistentes e suscetíveis é a quantidade de acetoína formada, que será maior nos biotipos em que a enzima ALS não sofreu inibição, ou seja, nos biotipos resistentes. A quantificação da acetoína acumulada ocorreu através da formação de um complexo colorido vermelho, devido a reação entre acetoína, creatina e naftol, cuja densidade ótica a 530 nm é proporcional à concentração do acetolactato formado na reação. Sendo assim, foi desenvolvido um ensaio utilizando este método após a aplicação dos herbicidas chlorimuron-ethyl e imazethapyr nos biotipos R e S de Bidens pilosa, Amaranthus quitensis no estádio de dois pares de folhas. O bioensaio demonstrou que a enzima ALS dos biotipos resistentes é insensível aos herbicidas inibidores da ALS e que este tipo de bioensaio é uma forma rápida e eficaz de diferenciação entre biotipos resistentes e suscetíveis.In order to compare the acetolactate synthase (ALS activity of resistant and susceptible biotypes of Bidens pilosa and Amaranthus quitensis to ALS inhibitor herbicides, a method based on ciclopronocarboxilic acid (CPCA to inhibit the enzyme ketoacidredutoisomerase (KARI is used. This enzyme catalyzes the reaction after acetolactate in the biosynthesis reaction chain of the aminoacids valine, leucine and isoleucine. In the presence of a KARI inhibitor, carbon from pyruvate flows through the branched chain

  12. Koreksi dimensi vertikal oklusal dengan modifikasi restorasi mahkota logam pada kasus severe early childhood caries (Correcting occlusal vertical dimension using modified stainless steel crown restoration in severe early childhood caries case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amrita Widyagarini

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Severe early childhood caries (SECC describes progressively dental caries in primary dentition among children aged less than 3 to 5-year-old. Loss of Occlusal Vertical Dimension (OVD with deep bite in clinical feature found 2.5 times more often in s-ecc children than others. It leads discrepancies of vertical development of permanent dentition, hence creates malocclusion. Purpose: The aim of this paper was to report consideration and correction of OVD in SECC child. Case: A 5-year-old girl was accompanied by her mother came to pediatric dental clinic Faculty of Dentistry Universitas Indonesia. Patient’s chief complaint was decay on all her teeth. Clinical examination revealed caries on all primary dentition, tooth #16, #46 have not yet been occluded, 26 erupted partially and it occluded with 36, anterior deep bite. Diagnose was anterior deep bite caused by SECC. Case management: Operative-rehabilitative treatment restores OVD to prevent malocclusion by modifying height of ssc in primary molars. Correcting deep bite using stainless steel crown (SSC modified in posterior was done. First, restoration with glass-ionomer cement for raising the bite followed by a week evaluation to observe masticatory function and functional analysis of temporomandibular joint. Second, ssc were placed in primary molars. Conclusion: Modifying height of ssc in primary molars could corrected OVD in SECC child. Permanent first molars eruption could be guided to completely occlusion and prevent early malocclusion.Latar belakang: Severe early childhood caries (SECC menunjukan pola karies gigi sulung yang progresif dan menyeluruh pada anak usia di bawah 3 hingga 5 tahun. Kehilangan dimensi vertikal oklusal (DVO, dengan gambaran gigitan dalam pada periode gigi sulung dilaporkan terjadi 2,5 kali lebih banyak pada anak SECC. Hal ini dapat menyebabkan gangguan perkembangan vertikal gigi permanen yang nantinya menyebabkan maloklusi. Tujuan: Laporan kasus ini

  13. Sea Level Station Metadata for Tsunami Detection, Warning and Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stroker, K. J.; Marra, J.; Kari, U. S.; Weinstein, S. A.; Kong, L.

    2007-12-01

    The devastating earthquake and tsunami of December 26, 2004 has greatly increased recognition of the need for water level data both from the coasts and the deep-ocean. In 2006, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) completed a Tsunami Data Management Report describing the management of data required to minimize the impact of tsunamis in the United States. One of the major gaps defined in this report is the access to global coastal water level data. NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) and National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) are working cooperatively to bridge this gap. NOAA relies on a network of global data, acquired and processed in real-time to support tsunami detection and warning, as well as high-quality global databases of archived data to support research and advanced scientific modeling. In 2005, parties interested in enhancing the access and use of sea level station data united under the NOAA NCDC's Integrated Data and Environmental Applications (IDEA) Center's Pacific Region Integrated Data Enterprise (PRIDE) program to develop a distributed metadata system describing sea level stations (Kari et. al., 2006; Marra et.al., in press). This effort started with pilot activities in a regional framework and is targeted at tsunami detection and warning systems being developed by various agencies. It includes development of the components of a prototype sea level station metadata web service and accompanying Google Earth-based client application, which use an XML-based schema to expose, at a minimum, information in the NOAA National Weather Service (NWS) Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) station database needed to use the PTWC's Tide Tool application. As identified in the Tsunami Data Management Report, the need also exists for long-term retention of the sea level station data. NOAA envisions that the retrospective water level data and metadata will also be available through web services, using an XML-based schema. Five high

  14. Cost-effectiveness of routine measuring of serum drug concentrations and anti-drug antibodies in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis patients with TNF-α blockers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laine J

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Juha Laine,1 T Sakari Jokiranta,2,3 Kari K Eklund,4,5 Merja Väkeväinen,1 Kari Puolakka6 1Pfizer Oy, Helsinki, 2United Medix Laboratories Ltd, Espoo, 3Research Programs Unit, Immunobiology, 4Department of Rheumatology, University of Helsinki, 5Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, 6Department of Medicine, South Karelia, Finland Abstract: Monitoring of anti-drug antibodies (ADAbs or serum concentrations of biologicals in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis could provide an explanation for a loss of efficacy and help in the choice of subsequent medication. Current clinical practices do not generally include such monitoring of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α blockers on a routine basis. The main aims of this study were to estimate the probabilities of optimal and nonoptimal treatment decisions if infliximab or adalimumab drug trough level (DL and ADAbs are tested or not in rheumatoid arthritis, and to model cost-effectiveness of performing such monitoring on a routine basis. Data on DLs and ADAbs concentrations were obtained in Finland from clinically requested monitoring analyses of 486 and 1,137 samples from patients on adalimumab and infliximab, respectively. DL was within the target range in 42% of samples from adalimumab- and 50.4% of infliximab-treated patients. ADAbs were detected in approximately 20% and 13.5% of samples from adalimumab- and infliximab-treated patients, respectively. ADAbs were found in 52.3% and 41.3% of those with low adalimumab or infliximab DLs, respectively. The monitoring data were incorporated into probabilities for making the optimal treatment decision. Economic impact of clinical decision-making was modeled in a short-term (3–6 months scenario with 100 hypothetical patients. In the model, the combined measurement of DLs and ADAbs was cost-saving compared to the nontesting scenario when the monitoring results affected the treatment decision in at least 2–5 of 100 patients, a proportion which is easily

  15. Oral health knowledge among parents of autistic child in Bandung-Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yetty Herdiyati Nonong

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Autistic children as well as other special needs individual demand special care given by their parents. But there exist limited awareness among parents in Indonesia society, especially with regard to their oral health. Purpose: The study was aimed to assess the oral health related knowledge, attitude and behavior of the parents; and oral health status of their autistic children in comparison with non-autistic children. Methods: Total of 56 children (23 autistic and 23 normal between 7-12 years was included in this study. Data on parents’ knowledge, attitude, oral health practice and behavior of their children were gathered from the questionnaires. The oral health status of the children was recorded using deft and DMFT caries index. Results: All obtained data were analyzed using sPss version 13 to correlate the index of the sample. It showed that caries index of autistic child was lower and limited oral health knowledge among parents. Conclusion: There is need of greater awareness to be spread among the population of Indonesia about the existing professional help for the special children and educate the parents to maintain their child’s oral health for a better quality of life.Latar belakang: Anak autis seperti juga individu berkebutuhan khusus lainnya memerlukan perhatian khusus dari orang tuanya. Namun banyak keterbatasan kesadaran orang tua dalam masyarakat Indonesia, terutama berkaitan dengan kesehatan mulut anak autis mereka. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengetahuan kesehatan gigi, perilaku orang tua dan anak mereka yang autis. Metode: Data pengetahuan orang tua dikumpulkan dari kuesioner dan status kesehatan mulut anak dicatat menggunakan indeks karies DMFT dan deft. sejumlah 56 anak (23 autis dan 23 non-autis sebagai kelompok kontrol usia 7-12 tahun ikut serta dalam penelitian ini. Hasil: Data yang didapatkan dianalisis menggunakan sPss versi 13 untuk mengkorelasikan indeks subjek. Hasil menunjukkan indeks

  16. COMMITTEES: Quark Matter 2008 Organising and International Advisory Committees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-10-01

    Organising Committee Madan M Aggarwal (Chandigarh) Jan-e Alam (Kolkata) Convener Arup Bandyopadhyay (Kolkata) Debades Bandyopadhyay (Kolkata) Rahul Basu (Chennai) Rakesh K Bhandari (Kolkata) Anju Bhasin (Jammu) Subhasis Chattopadhyay (Kolkata) Convener Sukalyan Chattopadhyay (Kolkata) Asis Chaudhuri (Kolkata) Premomoy Ghosh (Kolkata) Sanjay Ghosh (Kolkata) Sourendu Gupta (Mumbai) Muhammad Irfan (Aligarh) Durga P Mahapatra (Bhubaneswar) DAmruta Mishra (New Delhi) Ajit K Mohanty (Mumbai) Bedangadas Mohanty (Kolkata) Vaisali Naik (Kolkata) Tapan K Nayak (Kolkata) Convener Sudhir Raniwala (Jaipur) Sourav Sarkar (Kolkata) Bikash Sinha (Kolkata) Chair Dinesh Srivastava (Kolkata) Raghava Varma (Mumbai) Yogendra P Viyogi (Bhubaneswar)Co-chair International Advisory Committee R Aymar,Switzerland Jean Paul Blaizot, France Peter Braun Münzinger, Germany Igor M Dremin, Russia Kari Eskola, Finland Jens Jorgen Gaardhoje,Denmark Rajiv V Gavai, India Hans-Ake Gustaffson, Sweden Hans Gutbrod, Germany Miklos Gyulassy, USA Timothy Hallman, USA Hideki Hamagaki, Japan Tetsuo Hatsuda, Japan Huan-Zhong Huang, USA Barbara Jacak, USA Peter Jenni, Switzerland Taka Kajino, Japan Takeshi Kodama, Brazil T D Lee, USA Peter Levai, Hungary Luciano Maiani, Italy Larry McLerran, USA Berndt Müller, USA Guy Paic, Mexico Sibaji Raha, India Lodovico Riccati, Italy Hans Georg Ritter, USA Helmut Satz, Germany Jurgen Schukraft, Switzerland Yves Schutz, France Edward V Shuryak, USA Johanna Stachel, Germany Horst Stöcker, Germany Itzhak Tserruya, Israel Xin-Nian Wang, USA Bolek Wyslouch, USA Glenn R Young, USA William A Zajc, USA Wen-Long Zhan, China

  17. Parallel computing in genomic research: advances and applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ocaña K

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Kary Ocaña,1 Daniel de Oliveira2 1National Laboratory of Scientific Computing, Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, 2Institute of Computing, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Brazil Abstract: Today's genomic experiments have to process the so-called "biological big data" that is now reaching the size of Terabytes and Petabytes. To process this huge amount of data, scientists may require weeks or months if they use their own workstations. Parallelism techniques and high-performance computing (HPC environments can be applied for reducing the total processing time and to ease the management, treatment, and analyses of this data. However, running bioinformatics experiments in HPC environments such as clouds, grids, clusters, and graphics processing unit requires the expertise from scientists to integrate computational, biological, and mathematical techniques and technologies. Several solutions have already been proposed to allow scientists for processing their genomic experiments using HPC capabilities and parallelism techniques. This article brings a systematic review of literature that surveys the most recently published research involving genomics and parallel computing. Our objective is to gather the main characteristics, benefits, and challenges that can be considered by scientists when running their genomic experiments to benefit from parallelism techniques and HPC capabilities. Keywords: high-performance computing, genomic research, cloud computing, grid computing, cluster computing, parallel computing

  18. Vicarious calibration of KOMPSAT-3 AEISS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahn, Hoyong; Kim, Jinsoo; Jin, Cheonggil; Choi, Chuluong

    2015-10-01

    This paper presents a vicarious radiometric calibration of the Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite-3 (KOMPSAT-3) performed by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) and the Pukyong National University Remote Sensing Group (PKNU RSG) in 2012 and 2014. Correlations between top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiances and the spectral band responses of the KOMPSAT-3 sensors at the Zuunmod, Mongolia and Goheung, South Korea sites were significant for multispectral bands. KOMPSAT-3 calibration coefficients for all bands estimated in 2012 continued to agree well with calibration coefficients estimated in 2014 (within 1.5%). The average difference in TOA reflectance between KOMPSAT-3 and Landsat-8 image over the Libya 4, Libya site in the red-green-blue (RGB) region was under 3%, whereas in the NIR band, the TOA reflectance of KOMPSAT-3 was lower than the that of Landsat-8 due to the difference in the band passes of two sensors. The KOMPSAT-3 sensor includes a band pass near 940 nm that can be strongly absorbed by water vapor and therefore displayed low reflectance. To overcome this, we need to undertake a detailed analysis using rescale methods, such as the spectral bandwidth adjustment factor (SBAF).

  19. No-fault compensation for ventilator-dependent children: a reasonable settlement value for lifetime attendant care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenkins RC

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Randall C Jenkins,1–3 Brian W Boelens,1 Kari L Aasheim,1 Nikolaus Gravenstein4–5 1University of Florida Self-Insurance Program, 2University of Florida Healthcare Education Insurance Company, 3Department of Health Services Research, Management & Policy, College of Public Health and Health Professions, 4Department of Anesthesiology, 5Department of Neurosurgery, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA Abstract: Severe neurological outcomes sustained in childhood often result in lifetime health care needs that are beyond the financial means of most families. When severe neurological deficits are alleged to have resulted from professional negligence, relief may be sought through litigation; however, the American tort system often yields inconsistent results or no compensation for patients. We sought to identify a reasonable, objective, and data-based monetary range for a no-fault compensation system with high- and low-financial limits for those with severe neurological deficits. Based on documented life expectancies and attendant care cost studies, the data analysis indicates a no-fault settlement payment ranging from US$479,712.24 to $3,098,504.16, reasonably ensures care and services for life. Keywords: cost of health care, health law, health regulation, long-term care, medical malpractice

  20. RT-PCR Protocols - Methods in Molecular Biology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Monti

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available “The first record I have of it, is when I made a computer file which I usually did whenever I had an idea, that would have been on the Monday when I got back, and I called it Chain Reaction.POL, meaning polymerase. That was the identifier for it and later I called the thing the Polymerase Chain Reaction, which a lot of people thought was a dumb name for it, but it stuck, and it became PCR”. With these words the Nobel prize winner, Kary Mullis, explains how he named the PCR: one of the most important techniques ever invented and currently used in molecular biology. This book “RT-PCR Protocols” covers a wide range of aspects important for the setting of a PCR experiment for both beginners and advanced users. In my opinion the book is very well structured in three different sections. The first one describes the different technologies now available, like competitive RT-PCR, nested RT-PCR or RT-PCR for cloning. An important part regards the usage of PCR in single cell mouse embryos, stressing how important...........

  1. One year in orbit of the first Geostationary Ocean Colour Imager (GOCI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faure, François; Coste, Pierre; Benchetrit, Thierry; Kang, Gm Sil; Kim, Han-dol

    2017-11-01

    Geostationary Ocean Colour Imager (GOCI) is the first Ocean Colour Imager to operate from a Geostationary Orbit. It was developed by Astrium SAS under KARI contract in about 3 years between mid 2005 and October 2008 and integrated on-board COMS satellite end 2008 aside the COMS Meteo Imager (MI). COMS satellite was launched in June 2010 and the in-orbit commissioning tests were completed in beginning of 2011. The mission is designed to significantly improve ocean observation in complement with low orbit service by providing high frequency coverage. The GOCI is designed to provide multi-spectral data to detect, monitor, quantify, and predict short-term changes of coastal ocean environment for marine science research and application purpose. Target area for the GOCI observation in the COMS satellite covers a large 2500 x 2500 km2 sea area around the Korean Peninsula, with an average Ground sampling distance (GSD) of 500m, corresponding to a NADIR GSD of 360m. The presentation will shortly recall the mission objectives and major instrument requirements, and then present the results of inorbit testing and validations. All functions and in particular the CMOS detector matrix operate nominally. Performances evaluated in orbit (SNR, MTF, etc.) show results above the requirements. Finally, in-orbit calibrations using the sun diffuser provide very satisfactory consistency with the ground characterisation. GOCI is now delivering operational products and proving the interest of Geo observation in the Ocean Colour applications

  2. Woodbased fuels in small-scale regional heating plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harkonen, M.

    2012-07-01

    This biomass heating report is compiled as part of the joint Nordic countries EU-Bothnia-Atlantica funded Forest Power project and it explores wood fuels and especially the use of woodchips primarily in the small-scale regional heating plants of Central Ostrobothnia energy cooperatives. The Forest Power project's main coordinator is the Kannus Unit of the Finnish Forest Research Institute (METLA). Other partners in Finland are CENTRIA, the research and development unit of the Central Ostrobothnia University of Applied Sciences, the Kannus Unit of the Central Ostrobothnia Rural Institute, Central Ostrobothnia Forest Owners Association and, of course, the region's energy cooperatives. The ETPC unit at Umeaa University in Sweden also actively participated in this project. This report is based on field measurements conducted during the project at the Kaelviae energy cooperative's woodchip heating plant and is CENTRIA's most visible project outcome. The following individuals participated as researchers in the field measurements: Kari Manninen, project engineer, Anu-Sisko Perttunen, project officer, Martti Harkonen, principal lecturer, Lasse Jansson, director, research and development CENTRIA, Pentti Etelamaki, Central Ostrobothnia Forest Owners Association, Heikki Kykyri and Perttu Suonpera, Kaelviae energy cooperative. The following were project members: Dan Bostrom, Christoffer Boman, Jonathan Fagerstrom, Markus Brostrom and Rainer Backman of Umeaa University's ETPC unit. Martti Harkonen was responsible for the further analysis of the measurement results and report writing. (orig.)

  3. Nejčastější zranění ve volejbale

    OpenAIRE

    Pálová, Helena

    2008-01-01

    Název práce: Nejčastější zranění ve volejbale Cíl práce: Analýza nejčastějších typů zranění u hráčů různých výkonnostních kategorií ve volejbale, zjištění počtu a typů zranění, která prodělali během své kariéry a jakou prevenci a regeneraci používají. Porovnání se zahraničními studiemi. Metoda: Analýza teoretického základu z prostudované české i zahraniční literatury, zabývající se problematikou úrazovosti ve sportu. Expertní zjištění v terénu formou dotazníku. Výsledky: Přehled procentuelníh...

  4. Mineral Trioxide Aggregate sebagai Penutup Perforasi Akar Lateral Premolar Mandibula Disertai Restorasi Onlei Resin Komposit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nanda Kusumastuti

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Latar belakang. Kegagalan memperoleh arah preparasi saluran akar yang lurus merupakan salah satu penyebab utama perforasi akar lateral. Pemakaian mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA pada penutupan perforasi akar lateral memberikan kerapatan yang lebih baik dibandingkan bahan yang lain. Tujuan. Penulisan laporan ini untuk melaporkan penutupan perforasi akar lateral menggunakan MTA pada perawatan saluran akar gigi premolar dua kanan mandibula nekrosis pulpa dilanjutkan restorasi onlei resin komposit sehingga !ungsi gigi dapat tereapai kembali. Kasus dan penanganan. Pasien laki-Iaki berusia 35 tahun datang ke klinik Konservasi RSGM Prof. Soedomo dengan keluhan ingin melanjutkan perawatan gigi belakang kanan bawahnya yang pernah dirawat di dokter gigi sebelumnya tetapi tidak selesai. Pada pemeriksaan CE negati!, perkusi positi!, palpasi dan mobilitas negati!. Gambaran radiogra! terlihat adanya area radiolusen pada 1/3 akar lateral bagian mesial. Diagnosis gigi 45 adalah karies profunda dengan nekrosis pulpa disertai perforasi akar lateral. Preparasi saluran akar dilakukan dengan teknik crown down menggunakan protaper hand use. MTA setebal 3 mm ditempatkan dalam saluran akar yang mengalami perforasi akar lateral dan selanjutnya saluran akar diobturasi dengan teknik single cone. Tiga bulan setelah penutupan perforasi akar lateral, pasien tidak ada keluhan serta pada pemeriksaan perkusi, palpasi dan mobilitas negati! kemudian dilanjutkan dengan restorasi onlei resin komposit. Kesimpulan. Kasus premolar dua kanan mandibula yang mengalami perforasi akar lateral dapat disembuhkan dengan penggunaan MTA sebagai bahan penutup perforasi. Evaluasi pasea pengaplikasian MTA dilakukan pada bulan ke-3 menunjukkan hasil yang eukup memuaskan dengan ditandai daerah radiolusensi yang mengeeil pada daerah perforasi.

  5. Perawatan Pulpektomi Secara Singkat Pada Gigi Sulung Nekrotik (Laporan Kasus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarworini Bagio Budiardjo

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Perawatan pulpektomi gigi sulung nekrotik akibat atrisi, trauma atau karies yakni pembuangan seluruh jaringan pulpa nekrotik dan menggantikannya dengan bahan pengisi yang padat, dapat diresorbsi serta tampak secara radiografis. Tujuannya antara lain untuk mempertahankan gigi sulung sampai saatnya digantikan dengan gigi tetap pengganti. Perkembangan, anatomi dan histologi gigi sulung membedakan teknik perawatan pulpektomi gigi sulung dan gigi tetap.Indikasinya adalah gigi sulung nekrotik tanpa peradangan periapikal, mahkota mendukung sterilisasi dan dapat direstorasi serta resorbsi akar fisiologis kurang dari sepertiga akar.Kesulitan perawatan terutama karena bentuk saluran akar yang sangat bervariasi dan resorbsi akar yang tidak beraturan. Tahap perawatan terdiri dari persiapan gigi, sterilisasi, pengisian dan restorasi.Keempat tahap dapat diselesaikan dalam satu kali kunjungan.Pada keadaan dimana terjadi kesulitan persiapan gigi, maka tindakan pengisian saluran akar dan restorasi ditunda 1 minggu kemudian, sehingga perawatan pulpektomi diselesaikan dalam 2 kali kunjungan.Dalam laporan kasus, perawatan pulpektomi dilakukan pada gigi insisif dan molar sulung dengan teknik 1-2 kali kunjungan.Sebagai bahan sterilisasi saluran akar digunakan formokresol dan bahan pengisi campuran zinkoksid-eugenol.  

  6. Early Phase Contingency Trajectory Design for the Failure of the First Lunar Orbit Insertion Maneuver: Direct Recovery Options

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Young-Joo; Bae, Jonghee; Kim, Young-Rok; Kim, Bang-Yeop

    2017-12-01

    To ensure the successful launch of the Korea pathfinder lunar orbiter (KPLO) mission, the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) is now performing extensive trajectory design and analysis studies. From the trajectory design perspective, it is crucial to prepare contingency trajectory options for the failure of the first lunar brake or the failure of the first lunar orbit insertion (LOI) maneuver. As part of the early phase trajectory design and analysis activities, the required time of flight (TOF) and associated delta-V magnitudes for each recovery maneuver (RM) to recover the KPLO mission trajectory are analyzed. There are two typical trajectory recovery options, direct recovery and low energy recovery. The current work is focused on the direct recovery option. Results indicate that a quicker execution of the first RM after the failure of the first LOI plays a significant role in saving the magnitudes of the RMs. Under the conditions of the extremely tight delta-V budget that is currently allocated for the KPLO mission, it is found that the recovery of the KPLO without altering the originally planned mission orbit (a 100 km circular orbit) cannot be achieved via direct recovery options. However, feasible recovery options are suggested within the boundaries of the currently planned delta-V budget. By changing the shape and orientation of the recovered final mission orbit, it is expected that the KPLO mission may partially pursue its scientific mission after successful recovery, though it will be limited.

  7. Probabilistic simple sticker systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selvarajoo, Mathuri; Heng, Fong Wan; Sarmin, Nor Haniza; Turaev, Sherzod

    2017-04-01

    A model for DNA computing using the recombination behavior of DNA molecules, known as a sticker system, was introduced by by L. Kari, G. Paun, G. Rozenberg, A. Salomaa, and S. Yu in the paper entitled DNA computing, sticker systems and universality from the journal of Acta Informatica vol. 35, pp. 401-420 in the year 1998. A sticker system uses the Watson-Crick complementary feature of DNA molecules: starting from the incomplete double stranded sequences, and iteratively using sticking operations until a complete double stranded sequence is obtained. It is known that sticker systems with finite sets of axioms and sticker rules generate only regular languages. Hence, different types of restrictions have been considered to increase the computational power of sticker systems. Recently, a variant of restricted sticker systems, called probabilistic sticker systems, has been introduced [4]. In this variant, the probabilities are initially associated with the axioms, and the probability of a generated string is computed by multiplying the probabilities of all occurrences of the initial strings in the computation of the string. Strings for the language are selected according to some probabilistic requirements. In this paper, we study fundamental properties of probabilistic simple sticker systems. We prove that the probabilistic enhancement increases the computational power of simple sticker systems.

  8. Feasibility Study of Synthetic Aperture Radar - Adaptability of the Payload to KOMPSAT Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Young-Soo Kim

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR has been used for mapping the surface geomorphology of cloudy planets like Venus as well as the Earth. The cloud-free Mars is also going to be scanned by SAR in order to detect buried water channels and other features under the very shallow subsurface of the ground. According to the 'Mid and Long-term National Space Development Plan' of Korea, SAR satellites, in addition to the EO (Electro-Optical satellites, are supposed to be developed in the frame of the KOMPSAT (Korean Multi-Purpose Satellite program. Feasibility of utilizing a SAR payload on KOMPSAT platform has been studied by KARI in collaboration with Astrium U.K. The purpose of the SAR program is Scientific and Civil applications on the Earth. The study showed that KOMPSAT-2 platform can accommodate a small SAR like Astrium's MicroSAR. In this paper, system aspects of the satellite design are presented, such as mission scenario, operation concept, and capabilities. The spacecraft design is also discussed and conclusion is followed.

  9. "Tinni" Rice ( Oryza rufipogon Griff.) Production: An Integrated Sociocultural Agroecosystem in Eastern Uttar Pradesh of India

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Ranjay K.; Turner, Nancy J.; Pandey, C. B.

    2012-01-01

    This study reports how Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) and informal cultural institutions have conserved key varieties of the wildgrowing rice, ` tinni' (red rice, or brownbeard rice, Oriza rufipogon Griff.), within the Bhar community of eastern Uttar Pradesh, India. The study was conducted, using conventional and participatory methods, in 10 purposively selected Bhar villages. Two distinct varieties of tinni (` tinni patali' and ` tinni moti') with differing habitats and phenotypic characters were identified. Seven microecosystems (Kari, Badaila, Chammo, Karmol, Bhainsiki, Bhainsala and Khodailia) were found to support these varieties in differing proportions. Tinni rice can withstand more extreme weather conditions (the highest as well as lowest temperatures and rainfall regimes) than the `genetically improved' varieties of rice ( Oriza sativa L.) grown in the region. Both tinni varieties are important bioresources for the Bhar's subsistence livelihoods, and they use distinctive conservation approaches in their maintenance. Bhar women are the main custodians of tinni rice agrobiodiversity, conserving tinni through an institution called Sajha. Democratic decision-making at meetings organized by village elders determines the market price of the tinni varieties. Overall, the indigenous institutions and women's participation seem to have provided safeguards from excessive exploitation of tinni rice varieties. The maintenance of tinni through cultural knowledge and institutions serves as an example of the importance of locally maintained crop varieties in contributing to people's resilience and food security in times of rapid social and environmental change.

  10. Suppression of vascular endothelial growth factor expression by cannabinoids in a canine osteosarcoma cell line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Figueiredo AS

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Andreza S Figueiredo,1 Hiram J García-Crescioni,1 Sandra C Bulla,1 Matthew K Ross,2 Chelsea McIntosh,1 Kari Lunsford,3 Camilo Bulla11Department of Pathobiology and Population Medicine, 2Department of Basic Sciences, 3Department of Clinical Sciences and Animal Health Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, USAAbstract: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF is a key regulator in both physiologic and pathologic angiogenesis, and cannabinoids decrease VEGF release in human and murine cancer cells. The aim of this study was to assess the in vitro effects of a synthetic cannabinoid, WIN-55,212-2, on the expression of the proangiogenic factor VEGF-A in the canine osteosarcoma cell line 8. After analysis of gene expression by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, the compound decreased VEGF-A expression by 35% ± 10% (P < 0.0001 as compared with the control. This synthetic cannabinoid shows promise as a potential inhibitor of angiogenesis, and further studies are warranted to investigate its in vivo effects and to explore the potential of this and related compounds as adjuvant cancer therapy in the dog.Keywords: dog, cancer, angiogenesis, cannabinoids

  11. Irish Accents, Foreign Voices: Mediated Agency and Authenticity in In the Name of the Father and Fifty Dead Men Walking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Ives-Allison

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Given the intensity of narrative contestation over the public history of and discourse around the modern period of Northern Irish civil conflict known locally as ‘the Troubles’, for filmmakers from outside of Northern Ireland to be seen as making a legitimate contribution to existing debates, there is a pressure for their film texts to be read as ‘authentic’. This desire for authenticity fundamentally shapes the narrative approach taken by these filmmakers. Various filmmaking strategies have been employed in the pursuit of authenticity, but both Jim Sheridan’s In the Name of the Father (1993 and Kari Skogland’s Fifty Dead Men Walking (2008 have taken a distinctly narrative approach, relying upon local written autobiographical material. However, the way in which Sheridan and Skogland have sought to deploy the authenticity embedded in locally grounded source material flirts with self-defeatism as both films problematically obscure the limitations on agency imposed by the filmmakers on the local voices upon who claims of authenticity, and thus the films’ legitimacy, depend.

  12. Graafikatriennaal avatud!

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Tallinna XIII graafikatriennaali põhinäitus "Maapagu / in Exile" Rotermanni soolalaos (rahvusvahelise žürii valitud näitus, Peeter Alliku, Redas Dirzhyse, Guntaras Sietinshi ja Juris Petraskevici kureeritud balti graafika näitus, kujundajad Terje Kallast, Urmas Luure); Tallinna Kunstihoones ja Ku galeriis Sirje Helme kureeritud ja Ando Keskküla kujundatud "Teine naaber"; Kari Bie Erenurme korternäitus "The Lady in the Tramp" (Väike-Karja 1-19/13); Okupatsioonide muuseumis ja EKA galeriis Anneli Porri kureeritud noorternäitus "Sa pole mind näinud, eksju?!"; Kullo Lastegaleriis lastenäitus "Iseendaga olemine"; Tallinna Keskraamatukogus noortenäitus "Kunstnikuraamat" (organisaatorid Riste Laasberg, Reet Reidak). Loetletud näitustel osalejaid, ilmub kataloog, "kunst.ee" erinumbri koostavad Elin Kard ja Eha Komissarov. Triennaaliga samaaegselt toimuvaid graafikanäitusi: Hobusepea galeriis Leonhard Lapini "Koodid", Draakoni galeriis Tõnis Laanemaa&CO "Viru rannik", G-galeriis Eesti Vabagraafikute Ühenduse näitus, Eesti Kontserdi galeriis Vappu Thurlowi kureeritud eesti graafika väljapanek, Ungari Instituudi galeriis Virge Jõekalda näitus

  13. Insights into the molecular etiology of exercise-induced inflammation: opportunities for optimizing performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatouros IG

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Ioannis G Fatouros, Athanasios Z Jamurtas School of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Thessaly, Karies, Trikala, Greece Abstract: The study of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD is of paramount importance not only because it affects athletic performance but also because it is an excellent model to study the mechanisms governing muscle cachexia under various clinical conditions. Although, a large number of studies have investigated EIMD and its associated inflammatory response, several aspects of skeletal muscles responses remain unclear. In the first section of this article, the mechanisms of EIMD are reviewed in an attempt to follow the events that result in functional and structural alterations of skeletal muscle. In the second section, the inflammatory response associated with EIMD is presented with emphasis in leukocyte accumulation through mechanisms that are largely coordinated by pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines released either by injured muscle itself or other cells. The practical applications of EIMD and the subsequent inflammatory response are discussed with respect to athletic performance. Specifically, the mechanisms leading to performance deterioration and development of muscle soreness are discussed. Emphasis is given to the factors affecting individual responses to EIMD and the resulting interindividual variability to this phenomenon. Keywords: muscle damage, exercise, aseptic inflammation, recovery, immune system, redox status

  14. An update on the treatment of acromegaly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edling KL

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Kari L Edling,1 Anthony P Heaney1,21Department of Medicine, 2Department of Neurosurgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USAAbstract: Acromegaly is caused by pituitary somatotroph hypersecretion of growth hormone leading to elevated hepatic-derived and local levels of insulin-like growth factor-1. It is associated with increased morbidity and mortality due primarily to cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus. Normalization of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 levels has been associated with decreased morbidity from metabolic and cardiovascular effects, as well as reduced overall mortality in epidemiologic studies. Many patients experience a delay in obtaining a diagnosis, have pituitary macroadenomas at presentation, and accordingly, a significant number will not be cured by tumor surgical resection alone. Adjunctive radiation therapy cannot always offer biochemical and clinical disease control and carries a 40% risk of partial or total pituitary failure in the medium term. Several monotherapies or combination medical therapies are currently available for both primary and adjuvant acromegaly treatment, and include long-acting somatostatin analogs, the growth hormone receptor antagonist pegvisomant, and dopamine agonists. Next generation somatostatin analogs and new drug delivery methods of existing agents are in ongoing clinical studies. This paper will review current and novel therapies under development for acromegaly.Keywords: acromegaly, growth hormone, pituitary tumors, somatostatin analog, pasireotide, pegvisomant

  15. Preliminary Report: DESiGN and Test Result of KSR-3 Rocket Magnetometers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyo-Min Kim

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available The solar wind contributes to the formation of unique space environment called the Earth's magnetosphere by various interactions with the Earth's magnetic field. Thus the solar-terrestrial environment affects the Earth's magnetic field, which can be observed with an instrument for the magnetic field measurement, the magnetometer usually mounted on the rocket and the satellite and based on the ground observatory. The magnetometer is a useful instrument for the spacecraft attitude control as well as the Earth's magnetic field measurements for a scientific purpose. In this paper, we present the preliminary design and test results of the two onboard magnetometers of KARI's (Korea Aerospace Research Institute sounding rocket, KSR-3, which will be launched four times during the period of 2001-02. The KSR-3 magnetometers consist of the fluxgate magnetometer, MAG/AIM (Attitude Information Magnetometer for acquiring the rocket flight attitude information, and of the search-coil magnetometer, MAG/SIM (Scientific Investigation Magnetometer for the observation of the Earth's magnetic field fluctuations. With the MAG/AIM, the 3-axis attitude information can be acquired by the comparison of the resulting dc magnetic vector field with the IGRF (International Geomagnetic Reference Field. The Earth's magnetic field fluctuations ranging from 10 to 1,000 Hz can also be observed with the MAG/SIM measurement.

  16. Intelligence as it relates to conscious and unconscious memory influences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joordens, Steve; Walsh, Darlene; Mantonakis, Antonia

    2013-09-01

    We examine the relationship between a measure of intelligence and estimates of conscious and unconscious memory influences derived using Jacoby's (Jacoby, L. L. [1991]. A process dissociation framework: Separating automatic from intentional uses of memory. Journal of Memory and Language, 30, 513-541.) process-dissociation procedure. We find a positive relationship between intelligence and conscious memory, and no relationship between intelligence and unconscious influences once the impact of conscious influences are removed (Experiment 1). We also find that when participants cannot engage in conscious strategies, such as when there is insufficient time for learning, the relationships observed in Experiment 1 are eliminated (Experiments 2A and 2B). Our results support the notion that individual differences in intelligence reflect differences in conscious strategic processes (Karis, D., Fabiani, M., & Donchin, E. [1984]. "P300" and memory: Individual differences in the von Restorff effect. Cognitive Psychology, 16, 177-216.) and not differences in mental speed (Eysenck, H. J. (1984). Intelligence versus behavior. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 7, 290-291; Jensen, A. R. [1982]. Bias in mental testing. New York, NY: Free Press). PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved

  17. Measurements of Outgassing from Satellites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Hyokjin; Moon, Guee-Won; Lee, Sang-Hoon; Seo, Hee-Jun

    2004-08-01

    TQCM(Thermoelectric Quartz Crystal Microbalance)s and witness plates were used to measure the molecular contamination for satellites and the outgassing from satellites during vacuum bake-out tests and thermal vacuum tests at KARI(Korea Aerospace Research Institute). First, vacuum bake-out tests were performed several times for the satellite, KAISTSAT-4(KAIST Satellite-4) flight model, and its components under different temperature conditions. Second, thermal vacuum tests for KOMPSAT-2(Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite-2) flight model were done under specific environment conditions. Through the measurements by TQCMs, the mass and the mass deposition rate of a molecular contamination could be traced in a real time. The molecular contamination of witness plates' surfaces could also be measured through an infrared spectrometer, and those results were compared to the TQCMs' results. And the materials from the decontamination plate of the thermal vacuum chamber after the tests were also analyzed using a GC-MS (Gas Chromatograph - Mass Spectrometer).

  18. Usia saat inisial akuisisi Streptococcus mutans dan jumlah erupsi gigi sulung pada anak (Initial acquisition age of Mutans Streptococci and number of erupted primary teeth in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Citra Adinda

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Mutan Streptococci (MS are considered as major bacteria in human dental caries. Previous experiments reported that MS needs permanent surface to make stable colonization in human oral mouth. Transmission of MS occured directly or indirectly by salivary contact. The younger the child acquired MS the higher dental caries risk of the child. Purpose: The purposes of this study was to determine the age and number of primary teeth erupted during MS initial acquisition in children. Methods: The subjects were 30 infants aged 5 months old of Simomulyo region, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia. Monthly plaque samples were taken using sterile cotton bud and oral examination were done to check number of primary teeth for 6 months period. The MS isolate were isolated using BHI broth and TYC respectively. The MS identification was done by gram staining and colony morphology. Number of erupted primary teeth was determined by counting the erupted teeth in each month. Results: As the result 83% children acquired MS and 17% children remain free from MS. The mean age of initial acquisition was 7,76±0,96 months and the average number of erupted teeth was two teeth. Conclusion: The study revealed that the mean age of MS initial acquisition in children was 7,76±0,96 month and the colonization of MS was found in children with average 2 primary teeth erupted.Latar belakang: Streptococcus Mutans (SM merupakan bakteri utama penyebab karies gigi. Percobaan sebelumnya melaporkan bahwa SM membutuhkan permukaan permanen untuk membuat kolonisasi stabil di rongga mulut. Penularan SM terjadi secara langsung atau tidak langsung melalui kontak saliva. Semakin muda anak mengakuisisi SM semakin tinggi resiko terjadinya karies pada anak tersebut. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan meneliti umur dan jumlah rata-rata gigi erupsi pada masa inisial akuisisi SM pada anak Metode: Subyek penelitian ini adalah 30 bayi berusia 5 bulan di wilayah Simomulyo, Surabaya, Jawa Timur

  19. Relacja z konferencji „Mniejszości narodowe w Chorwacji – problem (nierozwiązany?”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angelika Zanki

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available “National minorities in Croatia - the (unsolved problem?” – Conference Report The conference “National minorities in Croatia – the (unsolved problem?”, that took place in Warsaw, 23.01.2014, was organized by the Association of Young Diplomats (student research circle at the University of Warsaw. Invitations to participate in the discussion were accepted by Ivana Škaričić, Dr. Maciej Falski Dr. Marko Babić. The guests focused on the cause-effect relationship of historical events and the contemporary situation in Croatia, as well as on relations between Croats and representatives of national minorities in the country. Introduction - presentation of the legal regulations, figures and description of the situation in the Croatian War of Independence - became the basis for discussion of the most controversial issues, concerning the Serb minority. The guest speakers discussed the appropriateness of introducing bilingualism (problem of Vukovar and the wider perspective and the purpose and possibility of organizing a referendum on the issue. Experts analyzed the possible implications of such an action on the rise of nationalism. Attention was also concentrated on other minorities in Croatia and their status. An important subject was the influence of the situation in the country on the region, as well as the reactions of the international community, including the European Union.   Relacja z konferencji „Mniejszości narodowe w Chorwacji – problem (nierozwiązany?” Konferencja „Mniejszości narodowe w Chorwacji – problem (nierozwiązany?”, która odbyła się 23.01.2014 roku w Warszawie, zorganizowana została przez Koło Młodych Dyplomatów Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego. Zaproszeni goście -  Ivana Škaričić, Maciej Falski i Marko Babić - skoncentrowali się na wpływie wydarzeń historycznych i współczesnych na sytuację w Chorwacji oraz relacje Chorwatów z przedstawicielami mniejszości narodowych tego kraju

  20. Inhibition of dental plaque formation by toothpaste containing propolis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurin Aisyiyah Listyasari

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Plaque is the main cause of caries and periodontal disease. Caries and periodontal disease can be prevented by inhibiting dental plaque formation. To inhibit the formation of plaque, teeth must be brushed with toothpaste. According to previous studies, propolis contains apigenin and tt-farnesol classified as flavonoid that can inhibit the formation of dental plaque by inhibiting glucosyltransferase enzym and membrane integrity of Streptococcus mutans. Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of toothpaste containing propolis on the formation of dental plaque. Methods: Post test with only control group design was used. The subjects of this study were 30 boarding school students of Hidayatullah, Yayasan Al-Burhan, Gedawang, Semarang, divided into two groups, randomized control group and treatment group. Control group was not treated with toothpaste contanining propolis. Meanwhile, treatment group was treated with toothpaste containing propolis. Plaque then was measured by using plaque index of Sillness and Loe method after using toothpaste containing propolis for four hours. Afterwards, the data was analyzed by a computer program, Mann-Whitney test, with its significance p < 0.05. Results: The result of Mann-Whitney test showed a significant difference, 0.002 (p < 0.05, between the control group and the treatment group. The median of the control group was about 3.41, while that of the treatment group was about 0.58. Conclusion: The use of toothpaste contaning propolis can prevent dental plaque formation.Latar belakang: Plak merupakan penyebab utama terjadinya karies dan penyakit periodontal. Karies dan penyakit periodontal dapat dicegah dengan menghambat pembentukan plak gigi. Untuk mencegah terbentuknya plak, gigi harus digosok menggunakan pasta gigi. Penelitian terdahulu menyebutkan bahwa propolis mengandung flavonoid apigenin dan tt-farnesol yang mampu menghambat aktivitas enzim glukosiltransferase dan menghambat

  1. Indirect pulp capping in primary molar using glass ionomer cements

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    Murtia Metalita

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Indirect pulp capping in primary teeth, however, is more rarely conducted than permanent teeth, since it thought to have low impact and most suggestion is for taking caries lesion aggressively on primary teeth. Purpose: The study was aimed to evaluate the subjective complaint, clinical symptom, and radiographic appearance of indirect pulp capping treatment using glass ionomers cements in primary molar. Methods: Sixteen children in range of age 6 to 8 years old, who visited Clinic of Pediatric Dentistry Universitas Airlangga Dental Hospital, Surabaya Indonesia, were the subject of study. They had one occlusal dental caries on one side of maxillary or mandibular primary molar with the diagnose of pulpitis reversible. The experimental group, had indirect pulp capping treatment with glass ionomer cements (GC Fuji VII®, while the control group, had indirect pulp capping treatment with calcium hydroxide (Metapaste. Each group was filled with GC Fuji IX® as permanent restoration. After one week, one month, and three months later, the observations were made on subjective complaint, clinical symptom, and radiographic appearance. Results: The results showed no subjective complaint such as pain or problem on mastication; no negative clinical symptoms such as pain on palpation, gingivitis or periodontitis, and abnormal tooth mobility; no negative radiographic appearance such as pathological apical radioluscency, internal or external resorbtion, and change of ligament periodontal widthafter the treatment. Conclusion: The study suggested that indirect pulp capping treatment using glass ionomer cement materials on primary teeth might be considered to be the treatment choice.Latar belakang: Indirect pulp capping pada gigi sulung lebih jarang dilakukan dibandingkan gigi permanen, karena dianggap memiliki dampak yang rendah dan sebagian besar menyarankan untuk mengambil lesi karies secara agresif pada gigi sulung. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan

  2. Constraints on the performance of school-based dental program in Yogyakarta, Indonesia: A qualitative study

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    Rosa Amalia

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: A high prevalence of caries at ages ≥ 12 in Yogyakarta province (DMFT = 6.5, raises the question of the effectiveness of the school-based dental program (SBDP which, as a national oral health program in schools, is organized by community health centers (CHCs. Purpose: The aim of this study is to explore the possible constraints on work processes which might affect the performance of SBDPs in controlling caries. Methods: In-depth interviews was conducted in twelve CHCs, covering all five districts both in urban and rural areas. Subjects were 41 dentists and dental nurses working in these CHCs. The interviews were structured according to the following themes: resources and logistics; program planning; target achievement; monitoring and evaluation; and suggestions for possible improvements. The data were analyzed using content analysis. Results: The main constraints identified were limited resources and inflexible regulations for resource allocation in the CHC, and inadequate program planning and program evaluation. Inadequate participation of parents was also identified. Another constraint is thatpolicy at the district level orientates oral health towards curative intervention rather than prevention. Suggestions from interviewees include encouraging a policy for oral health, task delegation, a funding program using school health insurance, and a reorientation towards prevention. Conclusion: The weakness of management processes and the unsupported policy of the SBDP at the local level result in a lack of effectiveness. The constraints identified and suggestions for improvements could constitute a basis for improving program quality.Latar Belakang: Tingginya prevalensi karies pada usia ≥ 12 tahun (DMFT = 6.5 di Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY menimbulkan pertanyaan akan efektifitas Usaha Kesehatan Gigi Sekolah (UKGS. UKGS adalah salah satu program nasional di bidang kesehatan gigi dan mulut yang dilaksanakan oleh Puskesmas

  3. The effect of monofluorophosphate implant in white rat mothers towards the level of fluor in the incisors of their young babies (Rattus-rattus

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    Widjijono Widjijono

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Fluoride has been widely used in the prevention of dental caries for a long time. To prevent dental caries, fluoride must be induced in low amount at high frequency. Inducing it through implantation process even make slow release of small concentration of fluoride. Purpose: The aim of this research was to analyze whether the induction of monofluorophosphate (MFP implant into the white rat mothers affects the level of fluoride in the incisors of their young babies. Method: The objects of the research were twenty white rat mothers in two days of pregnancy which then were divided into four groups (n=5. First, those mothers have been induced with implant under their back skin until their born young babies in the age of 35 days (n=5. The level of fluoride in the incisors of those young babies then is measured with Potentiometer. The obtained data were finally analyzed with One-Way ANOVA test and continued by with LSD test (p=0.05. Result: The result of this research showed that the means of the fluoride level in the incisors of those babies divided into those four groups in series were about 11956.16±201.35 ppb (K, 27328.04±234.56 ppb (P1, 37267.21±248.86 ppb (P2, and 18103.50±267.11 ppb (P3. The result of ANOVA test then showed that the induction of various MFP implant levels significantly affected the level of fluoride in the incisors of the babies. The mean differences among the treatment groups after being tested with LSD 0.05 were also significant. Conclusion: The finding confirm that the significant increasing of the optimal fluoride retention in the incisors of white rat babies can be achieved with the induction of fluoride with MFP ions implant in about 52.98 mg.Latar belakang: Pencegahan karies gigi menggunakan senyawa fluor telah banyak dilakukan dan berlangsung dalam jangka waktu lama. Pemberian fluor dalam jumlah rendah dan frekuensi tinggi merupakan pemenuhan kebutuhan pencegahan karies gigi. Pemberian dengan cara

  4. Keberhasilan Restorasi Komposit untuk Perbaikan Titik Kontak pada Terapi Periodontal

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    Cindy Ariyani Hokardi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang: Pada kondisi fisiologis, gigi geligi berada pada posisi stabil dalam lengkung rahang, mempunyai kontak oklusal dengan gigi lawan, dan kontak proksimal dengan gigi disebelahnya. Adanya sedikit pembukaan kontak proksimal akan menyebabbkan terjadinya impaksi makanan, yang merupakan etiologi kelainan periodontal. Pembuatan restorasi permanen dengan menggunakan bahan komposit yang memperhatikan kontak proksimal, kontur permukaan oklusal,  kontur fasial dan lingual dapat melindungi jaringan periodontal. Tujuan: menunjukkan bahwa restorasi komposit untuk perbaikan titik kontak dapat menunjang kesehatan jaringan periodontal. Laporan kusus: pada kasusu pertama ditemukan gigi 2.4 dan 3.5 terdapat karies di sisi distal, dan pada kasus kedua gigi 2.8 terdapat karies di sisi mesial sehingga kehilangan titik kontak yang mengakibatkan terjadi poket periodontal. Penanganan: terapi awal yang dilakukan berupa skeling dan penghalusan akar, serta kuretase. Pembuatan restorasi komposit untuk memperbaiki titi kontak dengan menggunakan matriks dan baji di area proksimal. Maladaptasi pita matriks atau baji menyebabkan kegagalan klinis seperti batas restorasi mengemper, kontur didnding proksimal serta titik kontak yang tidak baik. Pemilihan baji yang benar, harus mempertimbangkan : sudut konvergensi dasar, lebar mesiodistal dasar baji, ketinggian gingivooklusa dari arah transversal, dan kecembungan dinding  baji. Kesimpulan: secara klinis terjadi penurunan kedalaman poket setelah perbaikan restorasi, namun gambaran radiografis belum memperlihatkan hasil signifikan dalam waktu tiga bulan.    Blackground: under physiological conditions, teeth are stabilized in the dental arch by making occlusal contacts with opposing teeth and proximal contacts with adjacent teeth. A weak or slightly open proximal tooth contact would permit food impaction, one of the etiology of periodontal disease. The common therapy is to make a permanent restoration using composite

  5. Absolute Radiometric Calibration of KOMPSAT-3A

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    Ahn, H. Y.; Shin, D. Y.; Kim, J. S.; Seo, D. C.; Choi, C. U.

    2016-06-01

    This paper presents a vicarious radiometric calibration of the Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite-3A (KOMPSAT-3A) performed by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) and the Pukyong National University Remote Sensing Group (PKNU RSG) in 2015.The primary stages of this study are summarized as follows: (1) A field campaign to determine radiometric calibrated target fields was undertaken in Mongolia and South Korea. Surface reflectance data obtained in the campaign were input to a radiative transfer code that predicted at-sensor radiance. Through this process, equations and parameters were derived for the KOMPSAT-3A sensor to enable the conversion of calibrated DN to physical units, such as at-sensor radiance or TOA reflectance. (2) To validate the absolute calibration coefficients for the KOMPSAT-3A sensor, we performed a radiometric validation with a comparison of KOMPSAT-3A and Landsat-8 TOA reflectance using one of the six PICS (Libya 4). Correlations between top-of-atmosphere (TOA) radiances and the spectral band responses of the KOMPSAT-3A sensors at the Zuunmod, Mongolia and Goheung, South Korea sites were significant for multispectral bands. The average difference in TOA reflectance between KOMPSAT-3A and Landsat-8 image over the Libya 4, Libya site in the red-green-blue (RGB) region was under 3%, whereas in the NIR band, the TOA reflectance of KOMPSAT-3A was lower than the that of Landsat-8 due to the difference in the band passes of two sensors. The KOMPSAT-3Aensor includes a band pass near 940 nm that can be strongly absorbed by water vapor and therefore displayed low reflectance. Toovercome this, we need to undertake a detailed analysis using rescale methods, such as the spectral bandwidth adjustment factor.

  6. Bubble dynamics and sonoluminescence from helium or xenon in mercury and water.

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    Yasui, Kyuichi; Kato, Kazumi

    2012-09-01

    Numerical simulations of bubble pulsation and sonoluminescence (SL) have been performed for helium or xenon bubbles in mercury and water under the experimental conditions of Futakawa et al. [M. Futakawa, T. Naoe, and M. Kawai, in Nonlinear Acoustics-Fundamentals and Applications: 18th International Symposium on Nonlinear Acoustics (ISNA 18), AIP Conf. Proc. No. 1022, edited by B. O. Enflo, C. M. Hedberg, and L. Kari (AIP, New York, 2008), p. 197]. The results of the numerical simulations have revealed that the bubble expansion is much larger in water than in mercury mainly because the density of water is one order of magnitude smaller than that of mercury. The SL intensity is higher in water than that in mercury although the maximum bubble temperature is lower. This is caused by the much larger amount of vapor inside a bubble as the saturated vapor pressure of water is four orders of magnitude larger than that of mercury at room temperature. The SL intensity from xenon is much larger than that from helium due both to lower ionization potential and higher bubble temperature due to lower thermal conductivity. The instantaneous SL power may be as large as 200 W from xenon in water. The maximum temperature inside a xenon bubble in mercury may be as high as about 80 000 K. It is suggested that the maximum pressure in mercury due to shock waves emitted from bubbles increases as the SL intensity increases, although they are not simply correlated in water because the amount of water vapor trapped inside a bubble influences the SL intensity in a complex way.

  7. Vicarious calibration of KOMPSAT-3A with ground tarp and meteorological measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeom, J. M.

    2015-12-01

    The KOrea Multi-Purpose SATellite-3 (KOMPSAT-3A) developed by Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) is the first sub-meter optical satellite of South Korea with IR sensor. This paper describe the first radiometric characteristics of KOMPSAT-3A by carrying out vicarious calibration with reference to well-known surface tarps. The field campaigns are performed to measure spectral of surface tarps with hand-held ASD spectroradiometer. When performing field measurement, KOMPSAT-3A multispectral images are acquired at same time to reduce atmospheric and observation geometric discrepancies. The estimated spectral of surface reflectance from tarps are used as input values of 6S radiative transfer model to predict radiance at sensor level. The present study, 6S radiative transfer model is used by inputting various initial parameters such as spectral response function of KOMPSAT-3A, atmospheric condition, and relative sensor-target-solar geometry. In the case of atmospheric products, multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) measurements and MODIS atmospheric products such as aerosol optical depth, water vapor and amount of ozone are used for interpreting solar radiation scattering and absorption effects. For first field campaign, the gain coefficients from each of multispectral bands are estimated by comparing predicted radiance at sensor level and digital number (DN) of KOMPSAT-3A based on leaner least square fit. To analysis firstly estimated radiometric calibration, surface reflectance of tarps in second field campaign is used as reference target to validate its radiometric characteristics. And second field campaign measurements are also used to upgrade KOMPSAT-3A DN to radiance coefficients. Reliable radiometric values are suggested by using surface tarps, MFRSR and MODIS products, indicating those information are useful for KOMPSAT-3A user group for continuous variables of quantitative applications.

  8. Absolute Radiometric Calibration of KOMPSAT-3A

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    H. Y. Ahn

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a vicarious radiometric calibration of the Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite-3A (KOMPSAT-3A performed by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI and the Pukyong National University Remote Sensing Group (PKNU RSG in 2015.The primary stages of this study are summarized as follows: (1 A field campaign to determine radiometric calibrated target fields was undertaken in Mongolia and South Korea. Surface reflectance data obtained in the campaign were input to a radiative transfer code that predicted at-sensor radiance. Through this process, equations and parameters were derived for the KOMPSAT-3A sensor to enable the conversion of calibrated DN to physical units, such as at-sensor radiance or TOA reflectance. (2 To validate the absolute calibration coefficients for the KOMPSAT-3A sensor, we performed a radiometric validation with a comparison of KOMPSAT-3A and Landsat-8 TOA reflectance using one of the six PICS (Libya 4. Correlations between top-of-atmosphere (TOA radiances and the spectral band responses of the KOMPSAT-3A sensors at the Zuunmod, Mongolia and Goheung, South Korea sites were significant for multispectral bands. The average difference in TOA reflectance between KOMPSAT-3A and Landsat-8 image over the Libya 4, Libya site in the red-green-blue (RGB region was under 3%, whereas in the NIR band, the TOA reflectance of KOMPSAT-3A was lower than the that of Landsat-8 due to the difference in the band passes of two sensors. The KOMPSAT-3Aensor includes a band pass near 940 nm that can be strongly absorbed by water vapor and therefore displayed low reflectance. Toovercome this, we need to undertake a detailed analysis using rescale methods, such as the spectral bandwidth adjustment factor.

  9. Building effective partnerships: the role of trust in the Virus Resistant Cassava for Africa project

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    Ezezika Obidimma C

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Virus Resistant Cassava for Africa (VIRCA is an agricultural biotechnology public-private partnership (PPP comprising the Donald Danforth Plant Sciences Center (DDPSC, National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO of Uganda and Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI. The project seeks to develop virus-resistant cassava for farmers in Kenya and Uganda. Yet, there is much public skepticism about the use of genetically modified (GM crops and private sector involvement in Africa. This case study sought to understand the role of trust in the VIRCA partnership. Methods We conducted semi-structured, face-to-face interviews to obtain stakeholders’ views on the challenges to, and practices for, building trust in the VIRCA partnership. Interviewee responses, together with relevant documents and articles, were analyzed to generate descriptions of how trust is operationalized in this evolving agbiotech PPP. Data were analyzed based on recurring and emergent themes from the interviewee responses. Results Various factors undermine and build trust in agbiotech PPPs. Individual and institutional enthusiasm and detailed collaborative agreements stipulating partner roles and responsibilities are likely to enhance trust among partners. On the other hand, negative perceptions propagated by international partners about the capacities of African institutions and scientists, coupled with slow regulatory processes in Africa, are likely to be impediments to trust building. Conclusions Based on the findings of this study, we have derived four key lessons. First, differences in the capacity of the partner institutions and individuals should be respected. Second, technical and infrastructural capacity support for regulatory processes in Africa must be built. Third, detailed agreements and open and transparent partner practices during project implementation are necessary to dispel perceptions of inequality among partners. Fourth, institutional

  10. Nutritional screening of older home-dwelling Norwegians: a comparison between two instruments

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    Söderhamn U

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Ulrika Söderhamn, Bjørg Dale, Kari Sundsli, Olle SöderhamnCentre for Caring Research-Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad, NorwayBackground: It is important to obtain knowledge about the prevalence of nutritional risk and associated factors among older home-dwelling people in order to be able to meet nutritional challenges in this group in the future and to plan appropriate interventions. The aim of this survey was to investigate the prevalence of home-dwelling older people at nutritional risk and to identify associated factors using two different nutritional screening instruments as self-report instruments.Methods: This study had a cross-sectional design. A postal questionnaire, including the Norwegian versions of the Nutritional Form for the Elderly (NUFFE-NO and Mini Nutritional Assessment – Short Form (MNA-SF, background variables, and health-related questions was sent to a randomized sample of 6033 home-dwelling older people in southern Norway. A total of 2106 (34.9% subjects were included in the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses.Results: When using the NUFFE-NO and MNA-SF, 426 (22.3% and 258 (13.5% older persons, respectively, were identified to be at nutritional risk. The risk of undernutrition increased with age. Several predictors for being at risk of undernutrition, including chronic disease/handicap and receiving family help, as well as protective factors, including sufficient food intake and having social contacts, were identified.Conclusion: Health professionals must be aware of older people's vulnerability to risk of undernutrition, perform screening, and have a plan for preventing undernutrition. For that purpose, MNA-SF and NUFFE-NO can be suggested for screening older people living at home.Keywords: aged, risk factors, undernutrition, screening

  11. Scholars and scientists in the history of the lymphatic system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Natale, Gianfranco; Bocci, Guido; Ribatti, Domenico

    2017-09-01

    The discovery of the lymphatic system has a long and fascinating history. The interest in anatomy and physiology of this system paralleled that of the blood cardiocirculatory system and has been maybe obscured by the latter. Paradoxically, if the closed blood system appeared open in Galen's anatomy and physiology, and took a very long time to be correctly described in terms of pulmonary and general circulation by ibn Al-Nafis/Michael Servetus/Realdo Colombo and William Harvey, respectively, the open lymphatic system was incorrectly described as a closed circuit connected with arteries and veins. In ancient times only macroscopic components of the lymphatic system have been described, although misinterpreted, including lymph nodes and lacteals, the latter being easily identified because of their milk-like content. For about 15 centuries the dogmatic acceptance of Galen's notions did not allow a significant progress in medicine. After Vesalius' revolution in anatomical studies, new knowledge was accumulated, and the 17th century was the golden age for the investigation of the lymphatic system with several discoveries: gut lacteals (Gaspare Aselli), cloacal bursa (Hieronimus Fabricius of Acquapendente), reservoir of the chyle (Jean Pecquet), extra-intestinal lymphatic vessels (Thomas Bartholin and Olaus Rudbeck dispute), hepatic lymph circulation (Francis Glisson). In the Enlightenment century Frederik Ruysch described the function of lymphatic valves, and Paolo Mascagni provided a magnificent iconography of the lymphatic network in humans. In recent times, Leonetto Comparini realized three-dimensional reconstructions of the liver lymphatic vessels, and Kari Alitalo discovered the lymphatic growth factor/receptor system. Far from a complete understanding of its anatomy and function, the lymphatic system still needs to be profoundly examined. © 2017 Anatomical Society.

  12. Clinical confidence following an interprofessional educational program on eating disorders for health care professionals: a qualitative analysis

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    Pettersen G

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Gunn Pettersen,1 Jan H Rosenvinge,1 Kari-Brith Thune-Larsen,2 Rolf Wynn1,31Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tromsø, Tromsø, Norway; 2Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway; 3Division of Addictions and Specialized Services, University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø, NorwayAbstract: There are an increasing number of educational programs to improve clinical competence and skills to treat mental disorders. For complex disorders there is also a focus on improving the quality of interprofessional work. This paper reports on interprofessional outputs of an educational program on eating disorders. A total of 207 professionals who completed the program were requested to describe up to 12 possible scenarios depicted as realistic prospects for their future work within this field. Analyzing the scenarios resulted in three categories of describing the participants' preferences: (1 interprofessional interventions and treatment; (2 the further development of competence; and (3 organization of the health care system. The findings showed that the participants were considering working across new lines in their current workplaces or crossing borders to new frontiers in the execution of competence. Our findings may be summarized into the concept of "clinical confidence." This concept has so far been understood as some kind of personal trait, disposition, or attitude. The present findings add nuances to this concept in terms of state-dependent encouragement, engagement, and a potential to act and to cross professional borders in order to better treat complex mental disorders.Keywords: interprofessional educational programs, interprofessional work, clinical confidence, eating disorders program, health care professional

  13. Land Cover Classification Using a KOMPSAT-3A Multi-Spectral Satellite Image

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    Tri Dev Acharya

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available New sets of satellite sensors are frequently being added to the constellation of remote sensing satellites. These new sets offer improved specification to collect imagery on-demand over specific locations and for specific purposes. The Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite (KOMPSAT series of satellites is a multi-purposed satellite system developed by Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI. The recent satellite of the KOMPSAT series, KOMPSAT-3A, demonstrates high resolution multi-spectral imagery with infrared and high resolution electro-optical bands for geographical information systems applications in environmental, agricultural and oceanographic sciences as well as natural disasters. In this study, land cover classification of multispectral data was performed using four supervised classification methods: Mahalanobis Distance (MahD, Minimum Distance (MinD, Maximum Likelihood (ML and Support Vector Machine (SVM, using a KOMPSAT-3A multi-spectral imagery with 2.2 m spatial resolution. The study area for this study was selected from southwestern region of South Korea, around Buan city. The training data for supervised classification was carefully selected by visual interpretation of KOMPSAT-3A imagery and field investigation. After classification, the results were then analyzed for the validation of classification accuracy by comparison with those of field investigation. For the validation, we calculated the User’s Accuracy (UA, Producer’s Accuracy (PA, Overall Accuracy (OA and Kappa statistics from the error matrix to check the classification accuracy for each class obtained individually from different methods. Finally, the comparative analysis was done for the study area for various results of land cover classification using a KOMPSAT-3A multi-spectral imagery.

  14. Preliminary Results of BTDF Calibration of Transmissive Solar Diffusers for Remote Sensing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgiev, Georgi T.; Butler, James J.; Thome, Kurt; Cooksey, Catherine; Ding, Leibo

    2016-01-01

    Satellite instruments operating in the reflected solar wavelength region require accurate and precise determination of the optical properties of their diffusers used in pre-flight and post-flight calibrations. The majority of recent and current space instruments use reflective diffusers. As a result, numerous Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) calibration comparisons have been conducted between the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and other industry and university-based metrology laboratories. However, based on literature searches and communications with NIST and other laboratories, no Bidirectional Transmittance Distribution Function (BTDF) measurement comparisons have been conducted between National Measurement Laboratories (NMLs) and other metrology laboratories. On the other hand, there is a growing interest in the use of transmissive diffusers in the calibration of satellite, air-borne, and ground-based remote sensing instruments. Current remote sensing instruments employing transmissive diffusers include the Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite instrument (OMPS) Limb instrument on the Suomi-National Polar-orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) platform,, the Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) on the Korea Aerospace Research Institute's (KARI) Communication, Ocean, and Meteorological Satellite (COMS), the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) on NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS) Aura platform, the Tropospheric Emissions: Monitoring of Pollution (TEMPO) instrument and the Geostationary Environmental Monitoring Spectrometer (GEMS).. This ensemble of instruments requires validated BTDF measurements of their on-board transmissive diffusers from the ultraviolet through the near infrared. This paper presents the preliminary results of a BTDF comparison between the NASA Diffuser Calibration Laboratory (DCL) and NIST on quartz and thin Spectralon samples.

  15. Lack of ear care knowledge in nursing homes

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    Solheim J

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Jorunn Solheim,1 Olga Shiryaeva,1 Kari J Kvaerner2 1Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Lovisenberg Diakonale Hospital, 2C3 Centre for Connected Care, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway Background: Rising life expectancy means an increase in the number of elderly people with hearing loss in the population. Many elderly people live in nursing homes, with varying care needs. A substantial proportion of these people will need help with their hearing aids and other hearing devices. Objective: The objective of the study has been to assess the knowledge, experience, skills, competence, and need for information of staff at nursing homes in relation to residents’ hearing loss and hearing aids. Materials and methods: One hundred and ninety-five employees at seven nursing homes participated in the study. The main approach was a descriptive study, using questionnaires. Results: The main findings are that 73% of informants found that many residents need help with their hearing aids. Only one-tenth report that they know enough about the residents’ hearing aids. Almost four out of five informants find that the residents become socially isolated as a result of hearing loss. Seventy-eight percent agree to some extent that more residents would benefit from hearing aids. Conclusion: Staff at nursing homes have insufficient knowledge about hearing loss and hearing aids. Increased focus on the elderly with hearing impairment in nursing homes is needed. Contact between nursing homes and audiological specialists should be improved to best follow-up hearing loss and hearing aids. Keywords: hearing aids, nursing staff, hearing impairment, institutionalized elderly

  16. Ἱερὰ Μονὴ Σταυρονικήτα. Κατάλογος τοῦ Ἀρχείου

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    Νίκος ΟΙΚΟΝΟΜΙΔΗΣ

    1970-09-01

    Full Text Available N. Oikonomidès Catalogue des archives grecques du monastère de Stavronikita au Mont Athos (1533-1661 Le matériel pour la rédaction du présent catalogue a été réuni lors de deux missions effectuées en 1969 au monastère de Stavronikita, au Mont Athos. Il faut souligner que l'initiative pour cette entreprise vient des doctes moines qui habitent maintenant Stavronikita et qui ont par ailleurs, confié le classement de leurs archives plus récentes (après 1700 à des étudiants de la Faculté de Théologie de l'Université de Thessalonique.Dans le présent catalogue, on a suivi les mêmes principes que dans ceux des archives de Dionysiou et de Kônstamonitou. On a retenu les documents grecs antérieurs à la date conventionnelle 1700 qui sont décrits et résumés ci-dessus, classés suivant le principe de chancelleries: actes des patriarches (n° 1-6, acte d'évêque (n° 7, actes des prôtoi et du conseil de Karyés (n° 8-19, actes des monastères et actes privés (n° 20-25, acte des autorités turques en langue grecque (n° 26. Le tout est suivi d'un inventaire des documents classés d'après leur date et d'un index onomastique.

  17. An observational postmarketing safety registry of patients in the UK, Germany, and Switzerland, who have been prescribed Sativex® (THC:CBD, nabiximols oromucosal spray

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    Etges T

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Tilden Etges, Kari Karolia, Thomas Grint, Adam Taylor, Heather Lauder, Brian Daka, Stephen Wright GW Pharmaceuticals, Cambridge, UK Abstract: The global exposure of Sativex® (Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol [THC]:cannabidiol [CBD], nabiximols is estimated to be above 45,000 patient-years since it was given marketing approval for treating treatment-resistant spasticity in multiple sclerosis (MS. An observational registry to collect safety data from patients receiving THC:CBD was set up following its approval in the UK, Germany, and Switzerland, with the aim of determining its long-term safety in clinical practice. Twice a year, the Registry was opened to prescribing physicians to voluntarily report data on patients’ use of THC:CBD, clinically significant adverse events (AEs, and special interest events. The Registry contains data from 941 patients with 2,213.98 patient-years of exposure. Within this cohort, 60% were reported as continuing treatment, while 83% were reported as benefiting from the treatment. Thirty-two percent of patients stopped treatment, with approximately one third citing lack of effectiveness and one quarter citing AEs. Psychiatric AEs of clinical significance were reported in 6% of the patients, 6% reported falls requiring medical attention, and suicidality was reported in 2%. Driving ability was reported to have worsened in 2% of patients, but improved in 7%. AEs were more common during the first month of treatment. The most common treatment-related AEs included dizziness (2.3% and fatigue (1.7%. There were no signals to indicate abuse, diversion, or dependence. The long-term risk profile from the Registry is consistent with the known (labeled safety profile of THC:CBD, and therefore supports it being a well-tolerated and beneficial medication for the treatment of MS spasticity. No evidence of new long-term safety concerns has emerged. Keywords: cannabidiol, tetrahydrocannabinol, non-interventional, multiple sclerosis

  18. Protective Effect of Leaves of Murraya koenigii on Reserpine-Induced Orofacial Dyskinesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patil, Rupali; Dhawale, Kiran; Gound, Hanmant; Gadakh, Rajendra

    2012-01-01

    Murraya koenigii L. (Rutaceae), commonly known as curry leaf tree, closely associated with south India where the word "curry" originates from the Tamil "kari" for spiced sauces. Curry leaves are a rich source of carbazole alkaloids which possess various biological activities such as antitumor, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. Curry leaf has a potential role in the treatment of diabetes. Reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia in rats is an animal model of tardive dyskinesia that has been linked with free radical generation and oxidative stress. In this study, neuroprotective potential and in-vivo antioxidant status of methanol extract of the leaves of Murraya koenigii (MEMK) in reserpine-induced orofacial dyskinesia are investigated. Reserpine was used to induce orofacial dyskinesia. The effect of MEMK on locomotion and catalepsy was studied using Open-field apparatus and Bar-test, respectively. The effect of MEMK on the levels of protective anti-oxidant enzymes i.e. superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GSH) and inhibited lipid peroxidation (LPO) in forebrain region were investigated in reserpine-treated animals. Results demonstrated that the MEMK significantly inhibited the reserpine-induced vacuous chewing movements (VCM), tongue protrusion (TP), orofacial burst (OB) and catalepsy. MEMK significantly increased the number of squares traversed and rearing in open field apparatus. Treatment with MEMK significantly restored the levels of protective anti-oxidant enzymes i.e. SOD, CAT, GSH and inhibited LPO in forebrain region when compared with reserpine. It also inhibited haloperidol-induced catalepsy. The present study concludes that the oxidative stress might play an important role in reserpine-induced abnormal oral movements, and Murraya koenigii may have great potential in the treatment of neuroleptic-induced orofacial dyskinesia.

  19. Identification of canine platelet proteins separated by differential detergent fractionation for nonelectrophoretic proteomics analyzed by Gene Ontology and pathways analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trichler SA

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Shauna A Trichler,1,* Sandra C Bulla,1,* Nandita Mahajan,1 Kari V Lunsford,2 Ken Pendarvis,3 Bindu Nanduri,4,5 Fiona M McCarthy,3 Camilo Bulla1 1Department of Pathobiology and Population Medicine, 2Department of Clinical Sciences and Animal Health Center, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 3Department of Veterinary Science and Microbiology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, 4Department of Biological Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 5Institute for Genomics, Biocomputing and Biotechnology, Starkville, MS, USA *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: During platelet development, proteins necessary for the many functional roles of the platelet are stored within cytoplasmic granules. Platelets have also been shown to take up and store many plasma proteins into granules. This makes the platelet a potential novel source of biomarkers for many disease states. Approaches to sample preparation for proteomic studies for biomarkers search vary. Compared with traditional two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis systems, nonelectrophoretic proteomics methods that employ offline protein fractionation methods such as the differential detergent fractionation method have clear advantages. Here we report a proteomic survey of the canine platelet proteome using differential detergent fractionation coupled with mass spectrometry and functional modeling of the canine platelet proteins identified. A total of 5,974 unique proteins were identified from platelets, of which only 298 (5% had previous experimental evidence of in vivo expression. The use of offline prefractionation of canine proteins by differential detergent fractionation resulted in greater proteome coverage as compared with previous reports. This initial study contributes to a broader understanding of canine platelet biology and aids functional research

  20. Relationship between self-reported pain sensitivity and pain after total knee arthroplasty: a prospective study of 71 patients 8 weeks after a standardized fast-track

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    Valeberg BT

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Berit T Valeberg,1 Lise H Høvik,2 Kari H Gjeilo3–6 1Faculty of Nursing, Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences, Oslo, 2Clinic of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, 3Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 4Department of Cardiology, 5National Competence Centre for Complex Symptom Disorders, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim University Hospital, 6Department of Circulation and Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway Background and purpose: This was a prospective cohort study assessing data from 71 adult patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA following a standardized fast-track program between January and July 2013. The objective was to examine the relationship between self-rated pain sensitivity, as measured by the Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ, and postoperative pain after TKA. Methods: The baseline questionnaires, PSQ and Brief Pain Inventory, were given to the patients for self-administration at the presurgical evaluation (1–2 weeks prior to surgery. The follow-up questionnaire, Brief Pain Inventory, was administered at the first follow-up, 8 weeks after surgery. Results: A statistically significant association was found between average preoperative pain and average pain 8 weeks after surgery (P=0.001. The PSQ-minor was statistically significantly associated with average pain only for patients younger than 70 years (P=0.03. Interpretation: This is the first study to examine the relationship between pain sensitivity measured by PSQ and postoperative pain in patients after TKA. We found that a lower score on the PSQ-minor was statistically significantly associated with patients’ pain 8 weeks after TKA surgery, but only for younger patients. Further research is needed to explore whether the PSQ could be a useful screening tool for patients’ pain sensitivity in clinical settings. Keywords

  1. The excesses of care: a matter of understanding the asymmetry of power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delmar, Charlotte

    2012-10-01

    The aim of the article is to illustrate concrete problems in the asymmetrical nurse-patient power relationship. It is an ethical demand that the nurse is faced with the challenges that the power in the relation is administered so that the patient's room for action is expanded and trust maintained. It is an essential message in care philosophy, but in clinical practice, success is not always achievable. A hidden and more or less unconscious restriction of the patient's room for action may result in the excesses of care. Three selected aspects: dependence, trust, and power described by the Danish philosopher K.E. Løgstrup and the Norwegian nursing philosopher Kari Martinsen's care philosophy has inspired this empirically based examination of some current barriers in the asymmetrical nurse-patient relationship. On the basis of qualitative interviews with six patients and six nurses, the research thus provides an identifying and problem-exploratory examination of some current obstacles in which the handling of trust and power reflects the excesses of care. The findings develop three themes. 'Being a burden' acknowledges that the balance of power will always tip to the nurse's advantage. The second theme, 'Doing only what's absolutely necessary', shows how a fixation with 'technicalism' creates a distance between people that may constrain the patient's room for action. The last theme is concerning the nurse's ability to navigate between closeness and distance is essential in avoiding 'the excesses of care', paternalism, and overprotectiveness. A situation in which distance takes the upper hand and care turns into paternalism. A different situation would arise if the nurse's emotions became sentimental or intimate with the result that closeness gets the upper hand. To avoid a harmful exercise of power and the excesses of care, the findings have demonstrated that a relationship-based caring is a demand for situation-specific sensitive attention skills. © 2012 Blackwell

  2. In vitro screening for the tumoricidal properties of international medicinal herbs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzio, Elizabeth A; Soliman, Karam F A

    2009-03-01

    There is growing use of anticancer complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) worldwide. The purpose of the current study is to assess a sizeable variety of natural and plant sources of diverse origin, to ascertain prospective research directives for cancer treatment and potential new chemotherapy drug sources. In this study, 374 natural extracts (10 microg/mL-5 mg/mL) were evaluated for dose-dependent tumoricidal effects using immortal neuroblastoma of spontaneous malignant origin. The findings indicate no pattern of tumoricidal effects by diverse plants with similar families/genus under the classes Pinopsida, Equisetopsida, Lycopodiosida, Filicosida, Liliopsida Monocotyledons or Magnoliopsida Dicotyledons. The results indicate that many of the most commonly used CAMs exhibited relatively weak tumoricidal effects including cats claw, astragalus, ginseng, echinacea, mistletoe, milk thistle, slippery elm, cayenne, chamomile, don quai, meadowsweet, motherwort and shepherd's purse. The data demonstrate that the most potent plant extracts were randomly dispersed within the plantae kingdom (LC(50) = 31-490 microg/mL) in order of the lowest LC(50) Dioscorea villosa (Dioscoreaceae) > Sanguinaria canadensis (Papaveraceae) > Dipsacus asper (Dipsacaceae) > Populus balsamifera (Salicaceae) > Boswellia carteri (Burseraceae) > Cyamopsis psoralioides (Fabaceae) > Rhamnus cathartica (Rhamnaceae) > Larrea tridentate (Zygophyllaceae) > Dichroa febrifuga (Hydrangeaceae) > Batschia canescens (Boraginaceae) > Kochia scoparia (Chenopodiaceae) > Solanum xanthocarpum (Solanaceae) > Opoponax chironium (Umbelliferae) > Caulophyllum thalictroides (Berberidaceae) > Dryopteris crassirhizoma (Dryopteridaceae) > Garcinia cambogia (Clusiaceae) > Vitex agnus-castus (Verbenaceae) > Calamus draco (Arecaceae). These findings show tumoricidal effect by extracts of wild yam root, bloodroot, teasel root, bakuchi seed, dichroa root, kanta kari, garcinia fruit, mace, dragons blood and the biblically

  3. Bubble dynamics and sonoluminescence from helium or xenon in mercury and water

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasui, Kyuichi; Kato, Kazumi

    2012-09-01

    Numerical simulations of bubble pulsation and sonoluminescence (SL) have been performed for helium or xenon bubbles in mercury and water under the experimental conditions of Futakawa [M. Futakawa, T. Naoe, and M. Kawai, in Nonlinear Acoustics—Fundamentals and Applications: 18th International Symposium on Nonlinear Acoustics (ISNA 18), AIP Conf. Proc. No. 1022, edited by B. O. Enflo, C. M. Hedberg, and L. Kari (AIP, New York, 2008), p. 197]. The results of the numerical simulations have revealed that the bubble expansion is much larger in water than in mercury mainly because the density of water is one order of magnitude smaller than that of mercury. The SL intensity is higher in water than that in mercury although the maximum bubble temperature is lower. This is caused by the much larger amount of vapor inside a bubble as the saturated vapor pressure of water is four orders of magnitude larger than that of mercury at room temperature. The SL intensity from xenon is much larger than that from helium due both to lower ionization potential and higher bubble temperature due to lower thermal conductivity. The instantaneous SL power may be as large as 200 W from xenon in water. The maximum temperature inside a xenon bubble in mercury may be as high as about 80 000 K. It is suggested that the maximum pressure in mercury due to shock waves emitted from bubbles increases as the SL intensity increases, although they are not simply correlated in water because the amount of water vapor trapped inside a bubble influences the SL intensity in a complex way.

  4. Geostationary Environment Monitoring Spectrometer (gems) Over the Korea Peninsula and Asia-Pacific Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lasnik, J.; Stephens, M.; Baker, B.; Randall, C.; Ko, D. H.; Kim, S.; Kim, Y.; Lee, E. S.; Chang, S.; Park, J. M.; SEO, S. B.; Youk, Y.; Kong, J. P.; Lee, D.; Lee, S. H.; Kim, J.

    2014-12-01

    Introduction: The Geostationary Environment Monitoring Spectrometer (GEMS) is one of two instruments manifested aboard the South Korean Geostationary Earth Orbit KOrea Multi-Purpose SATellite-2B (GEO-KOMPSAT-2B or GK2B), which is scheduled to launch in 2018. Jointly developed/built by KARI and Ball Aerospace, GEMS is a geostationary UV-Vis hyperspectral imager designed to monitor trans-boundary tropospheric pollution events over the Korean peninsula and Asia-Pacific region. The spectrometer provides high temporal and spatial resolution (3.5 km N/S by 7.2 km E/W) measurements of ozone, its precursors, and aerosols. Over the short-term, hourly measurements by GEMS will improve early warnings for potentially dangerous pollution events and monitor population exposure. Over the 10-year mission-life, GEMS will serve to enhance our understanding of long-term climate change and broader air quality issues on both a regional and global scale. The GEMS sensor design and performance are discussed, which includes an overview of measurement capabilities and the on-orbit concept of operations. GEMS Sensor Overview: The GEMS hyperspectral imaging system consists of a telescope and Offner grating spectrometer that feeds a single CCD detector array. A spectral range of 300-500 nm and sampling of 0.2 nm enables NO2, SO2, HCHO, O3, and aerosol retrieval. The GEMS field of regard (FOR), which extends from 5°S to 45°N in latitude and 75°E to 145°E in longitude, is operationally achieved using an onboard two-axis scan mirror. On-orbit, the radiometric calibration is maintained using solar measurements, which are performed using two onboard diffusers: a working diffuser that is deployed routinely for the purpose of solar calibration, and a reference diffuser that is deployed sparingly for the purpose of monitoring working diffuser performance degradation.

  5. Efek Pengunyahan Permen Karet Gula dan Xylitol terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Streptococcus Mutans pada Plak Gigi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volanda Kusumaningsari

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang. Manusia memiliki flora normal yang hidup di dalam tubuhnya. Salah satu flora normal di rongga mulut adalah bakteri Streptococcus mutans yang memiliki kaitan erat dengan insidensi karies. Sekarang banyak beredar produk permen karet di masyarakat yang mengandung gula dan xylitol. Tujuan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efek mengunyah permen karet gula dan xylitol terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri S. mutans pada plak gigi. Metode penelitian. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 15 orang dibagi menjadi 3 kelompok masing-masing 5 orang, yaitu mengunyah permen karet gula, xylitol dan buah ape I sebagai kontrol. Pengambilan plak dilakukan pada hari pertama sebelum diberi perlakuan (pre-tesQ dan hari keempat setelah diberi perlakuan (post-tesQ. Subjek diminta untuk melakukan scalling sebelum pengambilan data pre-test agar skor plak awal semua subjek nol. Subjek mengunyah 1 butir permen karet setelah makan atau 3 kali sehari selama 10 menit. Subjek tidak diperbolehkan makan dan minum selama 1 jam sebelum pengambilan data post-test. Plak ditanam dalam media agar TYCSB (tryptone-yeast-cysteine-sucrose-bacitracin lalu diinkubasi selama 72 jam pada kondisi anaerob dengan suhu 37°C. Penghitungan jumlah bakteri S. mutans dilakukan secara manual menggunakan counter. Analisis data dengan uji statistik Mann-Whitney. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya peningkatan jumlah bakteri S. mutans pada plak gigi pada pengunyahan permen karet kandungan gula, sedangkan pengunyahan permen karet kandungan xylitol dapat menurunkan bermakna jumlah bakteri S. mutans. Kesimpulan. Pengunyahan perm en karet xylitol dapat menurunkan jumlah S. mutans pada plak gigi tetapi permen karet gula meningkatkan jumlah S. mutans.

  6. Culture-sensitive adaptation and validation of the community-oriented program for the control of rheumatic diseases methodology for rheumatic disease in Latin American indigenous populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peláez-Ballestas, Ingris; Granados, Ysabel; Silvestre, Adriana; Alvarez-Nemegyei, José; Valls, Evart; Quintana, Rosana; Figuera, Yemina; Santiago, Flor Julian; Goñi, Mario; González, Rosa; Santana, Natalia; Nieto, Romina; Brito, Irais; García, Imelda; Barrios, Maria Cecilia; Marcano, Manuel; Loyola-Sánchez, Adalberto; Stekman, Ivan; Jorfen, Marisa; Goycochea-Robles, Maria Victoria; Midauar, Fadua; Chacón, Rosa; Martin, Maria Celeste; Pons-Estel, Bernardo A

    2014-09-01

    The purpose of the study is to validate a culturally sensitive adaptation of the community-oriented program for the control of rheumatic diseases (COPCORD) methodology in several Latin American indigenous populations. The COPCORD Spanish questionnaire was translated and back-translated into seven indigenous languages: Warao, Kariña and Chaima (Venezuela), Mixteco, Maya-Yucateco and Raramuri (Mexico) and Qom (Argentina). The questionnaire was administered to almost 100 subjects in each community with the assistance of bilingual translators. Individuals with pain, stiffness or swelling in any part of the body in the previous 7 days and/or at any point in life were evaluated by physicians to confirm a diagnosis according to criteria for rheumatic diseases. Overall, individuals did not understand the use of a 0-10 visual analog scale for pain intensity and severity grading and preferred a Likert scale comprising four items for pain intensity (no pain, minimal pain, strong pain, and intense pain). They were unable to discriminate between pain intensity and pain severity, so only pain intensity was included. For validation, 702 subjects (286 male, 416 female, mean age 42.7 ± 18.3 years) were interviewed in their own language. In the last 7 days, 198 (28.2 %) subjects reported having musculoskeletal pain, and 90 (45.4 %) of these had intense pain. Compared with the physician-confirmed diagnosis, the COPCORD questionnaire had 73.8 % sensitivity, 72.9 % specificity, a positive likelihood ratio of 2.7 and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.73. The COPCORD questionnaire is a valid screening tool for rheumatic diseases in indigenous Latin American populations.

  7. Penambahan xylitol dalam glukosa, sukrosa terhadap pertumbuhan Streptococcus mutans (in vitro (The Additional xylitol in glucose and sucrose on growth of Mutans Streptococci (in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susilowati Susilowati

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Xylitol is a sugar alcohol group consisting of five-carbon chain and the sugar substitutes are recommended to prevent caries. Dietary sugars known as a good substrate for the growth of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans. Two types of sugar, xylitol and dietary sugars have different effects on the growth of S.mutans. Purpose: The objective of this study were to determine the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC of xylitol on the growth of S.mutans and to determine the addition of xylitol in glucose and sucrose in the growth of S. mutans in vitro. Methods: The samples were divided into 3 groups: xylitol group, xylitol and sucrose combination group, and xylitol and glucose combination group . In all groups were tested against S.mutans growth in various concentrations. Results: The minimum inhibitory concentration against S.mutans xylitol was equal to 0.625%. The addition of xylitol in sucrose the inhibition of S.mutans growth occurred at concentrations of 0.625 % and 2.5%. The addition of xylitol in glucose inhibited the growth of S.mutans at all concentrations. Conclusion: This study showed that the combination of xylitol with dietary sugars could inhibit the growth of S.mutans.Latar belakang: Xylitol adalah golongan gula alkohol yang terdiri dari lima rantai karbon dan merupakan sugar substitutes yang dianjurkan untuk mencegah terjadinya karies. Dietary sugars diketahui sebagai substrat yang baik untuk pertumbuhan bakteri rongga mulut salah satunya Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans. Dua jenis gula yaitu xylitol dan dietary sugars memiliki pengaruh yang berbeda pada pertumbuhan S. mutans. Tujuan: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah meneliti konsentrasi hambat minimal (Minimal Inhibitory Concentration/ MIC xylitol terhadap pertumbuhan S mutans dan meneliti pengaruh penambahan xylitol dalam glukosa dan dalam sukrosa terhadap pertumbuhan S. mutans secara in vitro. Metode: Sampel dibagi dalam 3 kelompok: kelompok xylitol, kelompok kombinasi

  8. „Knowledge is power“: Studium MBA v perspektivě Bourdieuho teorie kapitálů/ “Knowledge is power”: MBA study program in Bourdieu’s perspective of capitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Dvořáčková

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cílem této empirické studie, která vychází z ročního etnografického výzkumu na soukromé vysoké škole, je analyzovat, jaký význam má studijní program MBA v reprodukci sociálních diferencí. V první části je představeno teoretické pozadí studie, jímž jsou Bourdieuho koncepty kulturního, ekonomického, symbolického a sociálního kapitálu a jeho pojetí mechanismu sociální reprodukce skrze školské instituce. Druhá část příspěvku přibližuje klíčové rysy soukromé vysoké školy, kde se výzkum realizoval. Třetí část je věnována analýze manifestních cílů MBA programu, jímž je posílit kulturní a ekonomický kapitál studujících – rozvíjet jejich znalosti, kariérní perspektivy i úspěchy v podnikání. Vedle toho se zabývá MBA studiem coby zdrojem symbolického i sociálního kapitálu. Jak text ukazuje, MBA program je vedle prostředku získávání znalostí a dovedností současně prostorem konverze ekonomického kapitálu do kapitálu symbolického a sociálního. Ty následně zvyšují objem ekonomického kapitálu studujících, čímž dále upevňují jejich sociální pozici.

  9. Being old and living alone in urban areas: the meaning of self-care and health on the perception of life situation and identity

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    Sundsli K

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Kari Sundsli,1,2, Geir Arild Espnes,3 Olle Söderhamn21Department of Social Work and Health Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, 2Centre for Caring Research – Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway; 3Research Centre for Health Promotion and Resources, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, NorwayBackground: Living alone in urban areas when getting old is an important and necessary field for research as the growth of the urban population worldwide increases, and due to the fact that people live longer. How older people manage their self-care and health, and how this might influence their identity and life situation may be very important to understand when planning for a new, upcoming older generation. The aim of this study was to elucidate the meaning of self-care and health for the perception of life situation and identity among single-living older individuals in urban areas in southern Norway.Methods: A phenomenological–hermeneutic approach inspired by Ricoeur was applied. Nine single-living older persons in urban areas, 70–82 years of age, and identified to be in good health were interviewed. The interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using a phenomenological–hermeneutic method.Results: Strength and a time dimension characterized the meaning of self-care and health for the perception of life situation and identity as narrated by the group of single-living older individuals in urban areas in southern Norway. The informants were, as older individuals, caring, autonomous, and robust characters, who had gone through difficult times in life, and in a resilient way moved towards a new future. They valued and were grateful for what they had learned in their lives and could go forward and still experience and explore.Conclusion: Self-care is significant in the perception of life situation and identity among single

  10. Restorasi mahkota logam dengan pasak fiber komposit pada molar permanen muda (Metal crown restoration with fiber composite post in young permanent molar

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    Theresia Dhearine Pratiwi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: The first permanent molar has a high prevalence of caries with the most rapid progression in the first two years after eruption. The destruction can extend to the pulp and require endodontic treatment. After endodontic treatment the teeth should have a final restoration due to the possibilities of fracture. The teeth with a few remaining tissue need a restoration such as crown with post and core support. Fiber composite post is widely used today because it has a similar modulus elasticity as dentin. Purpose: The case report was aimed to share the endodontic treatment which was followed by fiber composite post and metal crown insertion on young permanent molar. Case: An 11 years old girls was referred to Pediatric Dentistry clinic at Universitas Indonesia Dental Hospital due to caries #36 that extend to the pulp. Case management: Endodontic treatment with metal crown supported by fiber composite post and composite core was done as final restoration. One month after procedure there was no subjective complaints or inflammation. Conclusion: The case report showed that endodontic treatment followed by fiber composite post and metal crown insertion could be done succesfully on young permanent molar of 11 years old patient.Latar belakang: Gigi molar pertama permanen muda (M1 merupakan gigi dengan angka kejadian karies yang tinggi dengan kerusakan paling cepat terjadi pada dua tahun pertama setelah gigi tersebut erupsi. Kerusakan tersebut dapat mencapai pulpa sehingga diperlukan perawatan endodontik. Gigi yang sudah dirawat memerlukan restorasi akhir yang baik, karena kemungkinan terjadi fraktur. Sisa jaringan gigi yang sedikit membutuhkan restorasi akhir berupa mahkota tiruan dengan dukungan pasak dan inti. Pasak fiber komposit merupakan pasak yang saat ini sering digunakan karena memiliki keunggulan modulus elastisitas yang menyerupai dentin. Tujuan: Tujuan penulisan laporan kasus ini adalah untuk melaporkan perawatan endodontik yang

  11. STATUS KESEHATAN GIGI, PERFORMED TREATMENT INDEX DAN REQUIRED TREATMENT INDEX ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI KABUPATEN CIANJUR, KARAWANG DAN SERANG

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    Magdarina D. Agtini

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Community dental health status for permanent teeth in determined by the DMF-T (Decayed Misssing and Filled Teeth. The DMF-T in a number of industrialized nations shows a tendency to drop while the trend in developing nations is increasing. In Indonesia dental caries is still the foremost problem in oral and dental diseases, Prevalence of dental caries is around 85%-99%. The DMF-T is varied, reflect geographic and ages variations. In three decade's the intensity of dental caries is increasing with each decade, 0,70 DMF-T in 1970 to be 2,30 DMF-T in 1980 and 2,70 DMF-Tin 1990. Goal of dental caries control for 2010 is DMF-T ≤ 1 for 12 years age group. Baseline study is therefore necessary to ascertain DMF-T, PTI (Performed Treatment Index and RTI (Required Treatment Index. The study was implemented in the districts of Cianjur, Karawang and Serang in West Java for two years. The study design was cohort. The respondents  were 1200 pupils aged 8 years, randomly selected with a signifzcantcy grade of p < 0,05 and power of 0,20. The study results showed average of DMF-T at the beginning was 1,52 ± 1,21, and after two years the DMF-T was 2.45 ± 1.51 comprise only of the decayed component, and There was significant different (p=0,000. The DMF-T was low WHO criteria, nevertheless the PTI (1,2% was very low and the RTI (98% was very high. The DMF_T average shows a tendency to increase, with D as the largest component and F (Filling the smallest one. The control of dental caries faces several problems, like the limited number of manpower and facilities, and limited supply of water and electricity incertain areas. Therefore treatment of dental caries with GIC fillings using the ART method should be taken into consideration receive the necessary attention.   Key words:  Status kesehatan gigi, Karies, Performed treatment Index (PTI,  Required Treatment  Index (RTI

  12. The Functional Ambulation: Standard Treatment versus Electrical Stimulation Therapy (FASTEST trial for stroke: study design and protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dunning K

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Kari Dunning,1 Michael O'Dell,2 Patricia Kluding,3 Samuel S Wu,4 Jody Feld,5 Jivan Ginosian,6 Keith McBride61Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, College of Allied Health Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 2Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, NY, 3Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS, 4Department of Biostatistics, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 5Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, 6Bioness Inc, Valencia, CA, USABackground: Surface electrical stimulation for foot drop (foot drop stimulation [FDS] technology has greatly improved over the last decade, leading to increased use in the clinic environment and the community. Despite numerous studies suggesting the benefit of FDS among persons with stroke, there are no randomized controlled trials comparing FDS to standard of care (ankle foot orthosis [AFO]. The Functional Ambulation: Standard Treatment versus Electrical Stimulation Therapy (FASTEST study is a single-blinded randomized controlled trial with the primary purpose of comparing FDS and AFO among persons with stroke conducted at eleven sites throughout the USA.Methods: Persons ≥ 3 months poststroke are randomized to wear either FDS or AFO for 30 weeks. After 30 weeks, AFO participants crossover to wear an FDS. All participants are followed for 42 weeks with repeated measures at baseline and Weeks 6, 12, 30, 36, and 42. The primary analysis will compare gait speed between FDS and AFO at 30 weeks. Secondary outcomes span the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health categories and include functional gait, balance, motor control, falls, and quality of life. Tertiary analyses will be performed using Weeks 36 and 42 time points.Conclusion: This pivotal trial is the first longitudinal

  13. Frequency of the MDR1 mutant allele associated with multidrug sensitivity in dogs from Brazil

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    Monobe MM

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Marina M Monobe,1 João P Araujo Junior,2 Kari V Lunsford,3 Rodrigo C Silva,4 Camilo Bulla41Department of Veterinary Clinics, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, 2Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Biosciences Institute, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP, Botucatu, Brazil; 3Department of Clinical Sciences and Animal Health Center, 4Department of Pathobiology and Population Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Mississippi State University, Mississippi, MS, USAAbstract: To date, a 4-bp deletion in the MDR1 gene has been detected in more than ten dog breeds, as well as in mixed breed dogs, in several countries, however information regarding this mutation in dogs from Brazil is lacking. For this reason, 103 Collies, 77 Border Collies, 76 Shetland Sheepdogs, 20 Old English Sheepdogs, 55 German Shepherds, 16 Australian Shepherds, and 53 Whippets from Brazil were screened for the presence of the mutation. The heterozygous mutated genotype, MDR1 (+/−, frequency found for Collies, Australian Shepherd, and Shetland Sheepdog was 50.5% (95% CI =41.1%–59.9%, 31.3% (95% CI =8.6%–53.2%, and 15.8% (95% CI =7.7%–23.9%, respectively. Homozygous mutated genotype, MDR1 (−/−, was detected only in Collies 35.9%. The MDR1 allele mutant frequency found for Collies, Australian Shepherd, and Shetland Sheepdog was 61.2% (95% CI =54.8%–67.5%, 15.6% (95% CI =3.1%–28.2%, and 7.9% (95% CI =3.7%–12.1%, respectively. Additionally, even free of the mutant allele, the maximum mutant prevalence (MMP in that population, with 95% CI, was 3.8%, 5.2%, 5.4%, and 13.8% for Border Collies, German Shepherds, Whippets, and Old English Sheepdogs, respectively. In this way, this information is important, not only for MDR1 genotype-based breeding programs and international exchange of breeding animals of predisposed breeds, but also for modification of drug therapy for breeds at risk.Keywords: P-glycoprotein, MDR1 mutation, ivermectin, dog, drug

  14. Real-time terminal area trajectory planning for runway independent aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xue, Min

    The increasing demand for commercial air transportation results in delays due to traffic queues that form bottlenecks along final approach and departure corridors. In urban areas, it is often infeasible to build new runways, and regardless of automation upgrades traffic must remain separated to avoid the wakes of previous aircraft. Vertical or short takeoff and landing aircraft as Runway Independent Aircraft (RIA) can increase passenger throughput at major urban airports via the use of vertiports or stub runways. The concept of simultaneous non-interfering (SNI) operations has been proposed to reduce traffic delays by creating approach and departure corridors that do not intersect existing fixed-wing routes. However, SNI trajectories open new routes that may overfly noise-sensitive areas, and RIA may generate more noise than traditional jet aircraft, particularly on approach. In this dissertation, we develop efficient SNI noise abatement procedures applicable to RIA. First, we introduce a methodology based on modified approximated cell-decomposition and Dijkstra's search algorithm to optimize longitudinal plane (2-D) RIA trajectories over a cost function that minimizes noise, time, and fuel use. Then, we extend the trajectory optimization model to 3-D with a k-ary tree as the discrete search space. We incorporate geography information system (GIS) data, specifically population, into our objective function, and focus on a practical case study: the design of SNI RIA approach procedures to Baltimore-Washington International airport. Because solutions were represented as trim state sequences, we incorporated smooth transition between segments to enable more realistic cost estimates. Due to the significant computational complexity, we investigated alternative more efficient optimization techniques applicable to our nonlinear, non-convex, heavily constrained, and discontinuous objective function. Comparing genetic algorithm (GA) and adaptive simulated annealing (ASA

  15. Updates in the treatment of ocular allergies

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    Osmo Kari

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Osmo Kari1, K Matti Saari21Department of Allergology, Skin and Allergy Hospital, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; 2Department of Ophthalmology, University of Turku, Turku, FinlandAbstract: Allergic diseases have greatly increased in industrialized countries. About 30% of people suffer from allergic symptoms and 40%–80% of them have symptoms in the eyes. Atopic conjunctivitis can be divided into seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (SAC and perennial allergic conjunctivitis (PAC. The treatment of SAC is simple; antihistamines, anti-inflammatory agents, or chromoglycate. In severe cases of SAC, subcutaneous or sublingual immunotherapy is helpful. PAC needs longer therapy, often year round, with mast cell stabilizers, antihistamines, and sometimes local steroids. Atopic keratoconjunctivitis is a more severe disease showing chronic blepharitis often connected with severe keratitis. It needs, in many cases, continuous treatment of the lid eczema and keratoconjunctivitis. Blepharitis is treated with tacrolimus or pimecrolimus ointment. Conjunctivitis additionally needs corticosteroids and, if needed, cyclosporine A (CsA drops are administered for longer periods. Basic conjunctival treatment is with mast cell-stabilizing agents and in addition, antihistamines are administered. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis is another chronic and serious allergic disease that mainly affects children and young people. It is a long-lasting disease which commonly subsides in puberty. It demands intensive therapy often for many years to avoid serious complicating corneal ulcers. Treatment is mast cell-stabilizing drops and additionally antihistamines. In relapses, corticosteroids are needed. When the use of corticosteroids is continuous, CsA drops should be used, and in relapses, corticosteroids should be used additionally. Nonallergic eosinophilic conjunctivitis (NAEC is a less known, but rather common, ocular disease. It affects mostly middle-aged and

  16. Ἱερὰ Μονὴ Κωνσταμονίτου. Κατάλογος τοῦ Ἀρχείου

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    Νίκος ΟΙΚΟΝΟΜΙΔΗΣ

    1970-09-01

    Full Text Available N. OikonomidèsCatalogue des archives grecques du monastère de Kônstamonitou au Mont Athos (1047-1686 Le présent catalogue est le résultat de cinq missions effectuées au Mont Athos en 1966, 1967, 1968 et 1969 et du travail effectué dans les archives du monastère de Saint Stéphane, surnommé tou Kônstamonitou (appellation officielle d'aujourd'hui; le nom ancien est Kastamonitou. L'ensemble des archives (déjà classées et répertoriées suivant d'autres principes par les moines de Kônstamonitou Syméon et Spyridon a été examiné, la plus ancienne partie (avant 1700 a été photographiée. Les documents anciens ont été classés et rangés dans une armoire métallique, offerte au monastère par la Fondation Royale de la Recherche Scientifique. Les documents turcs antérieurs à l'an 1000 d'Hégire ont également été photographiés; leur étude a été confiée à Elizabeth Zachariadou-Oikonomidès.Dans le présent catalogue on a suivi le même système et princi-pes que dans le catalogue des archives grecques de Dionysiou, publié dans Symmeikta I: des notices séparées ont été consacrées à chaque document, avec les éléments suivants: a type de document: b date; c description sommaire; d résumé; e incipit ; f indication des éventuelles éditions ou de la bibliographie; g si nécessaire, notice explicative. L'ensemble a été classé suivant grosso modo le principe de chancelleries: actes des empereurs de Byzance (n° 1-2, actes des patriarches (n° 3-5, actes des prôtoi et du conseil de Karyés (n° 6-16, actes des monastères (n° 17-18 et copies collectives (n° 19-22. A la fin il y a un inventaire des documents classés d'après leur date et un index onomastique.

  17. The reablement team’s voice: a qualitative study of how an integrated multidisciplinary team experiences participation in reablement

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    Hjelle KM

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Kari Margrete Hjelle,1,2 Olbjørg Skutle,2,3 Oddvar Førland,2,4 Herdis Alvsvåg4 1Department of Occupational Therapy, Physiotherapy and Radiography, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Bergen University College, Bergen, Norway; 2Centre for Care Research Western Norway, Bergen University College, Bergen, Norway; 3Department of Health and Social Educators, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Bergen University College, Bergen, Norway; 4VID Specialized University, Bergen, Norway Background: Reablement is an early and time-limited home-based rehabilitation intervention that emphasizes intensive, goal-oriented, and multidisciplinary assistance for people experiencing functional decline. Few empirical studies to date have examined the experiences of the integrated multidisciplinary teams involved in reablement. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to explore and describe how an integrated multidisciplinary team in Norway experienced participation in reablement.Methods: An integrated multidisciplinary team consisting of health care professionals with a bachelor’s degree (including a physiotherapist, a social educator, occupational therapists, and nurses and home-based care personnel without a bachelor’s degree (auxiliary nurses and nursing assistants participated in focus group discussions. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the resulting data.Results: Three main themes emerged from the participants’ experiences with participating in reablement, including “the older adult’s goals are crucial”, “a different way of thinking and acting – a shift in work culture”, and “a better framework for cooperation and application of professional expertise and judgment”. The integrated multidisciplinary team and the older adults collaborated and worked in the same direction to achieve the person’s valued goals. The team supported the older adults in performing activities themselves rather than completing tasks for them. To

  18. Structure of Suasselkä Postglacial Fault in northern Finland obtained by analysis of ambient seismic noise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afonin, Nikita; Kozlovskaya, Elena

    2016-04-01

    the SPGF corresponds to a narrow region of low S-wave velocities surrounded by rocks with high S-wave velocities. We interpret this low velocity region as a non-healed mechanically weak fault damage zone (FDZ) remained after the last major earthquake that occurred after the last glaciation. Seismic instruments for the DAFNE/FINLAND experiment were provided by the institute of Seismology of the University of Helsinki and by the Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory. The study was partly funded by Posiva Oy and Geological Survey of Finland. DAFNE/FINLAND Working Group: Ilmo Kukkonen Pekka Heikkinen Kari Komminaho Elena Kozlovskaya Riitta Hurskainen Tero Raita Hanna Silvennoinen

  19. KARAKTERISTIK DAN STABILITAS SEDIAAN GEL MULUT BERBAHAN AKTIF EKSTRAK DAUN SIRIH HITAM BERBASIS HYDROXY ETHYL CELLULOSE (HEC

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    Fajar Prasetya

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to obtain mouth gel formula ​​from extract of black betel leaves which effectively kill microbes that cause inflammation of the gums (gingivitis and tooth decay (caries. The mouth gel formulation ​​from black betel leaves extract has been made by various concentrate of Hydroxy Ethyl Cellulose (HEC as a mucoadhesive polymer. The optimized mouth gel base determine by evaluation the physical which includes organoleptic, viscosity, pH, the spreadability, and consistency after 16 days storage. The evaluation test was done with pH 7.21 (which lowest - 7.78 (the highest. The spreadability after 16 days storage of 50 grams for formula 1, formula 2, formula 3 each is 11.33 cm, 5.60 cm, and 4.70 cm. The consistency of the mouth gel formulation ​​from black betel leaves extract on formula 1, formula 2, and formula 3 are no changes occurred up to 16 days of storage. The viscosity obtained after 16 days of storage for formula 1, formula 2, and formula 3 respectively are 4.30 dpas, 37 dpas, and 80 dpas. The result showed that formula 2 has better formulation. Keywords: antimicrobials ,mouth gel, black betel, gingivitis, cavities ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan formula gel mulut dari ekstrak daun sirih hitam yang secara efektif membunuh mikroba yang menyebabkan peradangan pada gusi (gingivitis dan kerusakan gigi (karies. Formulasi gel mulut dari hitam sirih ekstrak daun telah dibuat oleh berbagai konsentrasi Hidroksi Etil Selulosa (HEC sebagai polimer mukoadhesif. Dioptimalkan basis gel mulut menentukan dengan evaluasi fisik yang meliputi organoleptik, viskositas, pH, spreadability, dan konsistensi setelah 16 hari penyimpanan. Tes evaluasi dilakukan dengan pH 7.21 (yang terendah - 7.78 (tertinggi. The spreadability setelah 16 hari penyimpanan 50 gram untuk formula 1, rumus 2, rumus 3 masing-masing adalah 11,33 cm, 5,60 cm, dan 4,70 cm. Konsistensi formulasi gel mulut dari daun sirih hitam ekstrak formula 1, rumus

  20. Positioning of sponsorships on the cultural events market

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    Lukić-Krstanović Miroslava

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the relationship between cultural events and financial possession through which a complex web of communication can be discerned, in positions of social responsibility and consumerism. In the first part of the paper, sponsorship is described in its historical context in order to point out its key features and transformations over time, especially in the socialist and post-socialist period. By contextualizing sponsorship strategies and messages, one can accurately track the representations and values attached to the positioning of cultural products in the zone of national and global policies. Musical spectacles (concerts, festivals, assemblies etc. are attractive and useful products in the sponsorship market. The EXIT festival, Jelen beer, Guča, Telenor, Alpha Bank, Bogoljub Karić, Zepter, Beer Fest, Tuborg, Kustendorf are just some examples - patents of sponsorship of cultural manifestations in the transitional period. This paper constructs three forms of sponsorship strategies in the domain of cultural festival scenes: ownership, leadership and partnership. In the domain of partnership between collective and private property, sponsorship strategies are based on an ethical mimicry of old/new rules and their enforcers within a gift economy, thus creating arbitrary spaces for action adjusted for crises (the grey economy, money laundering, unstable economic policies etc.. Leadership is a sponsorship strategy which entails complete domination in the sphere of decision making, utilization and spending, without the possibility of outside control. In leadership there is no opposition between owners and sponsors, and everything is subject to the authority of the individual as the one and only, inviolable self-sponsor. Partnership is based on the power of choice in the domain of competition and opposition as bipolar ownership. The tandems of spectacle - sponsor and enjoyment - monopoly, are viable projectors of various strategies

  1. Jónína Einarsdóttir og Þórdís Sigurðardóttir (ritstjórar: Afríka sunnan Sahara í brennidepli

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    Ólöf Ýrr Atladóttir

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Ánægjulegt hefur verið að fylgjast með því hvernig áhugi Íslendinga á málefnum þróunarlanda virðist hafa aukist á undanförnum árum. Fjölmiðlar hafa og tekið við sér; algengt er að fjallað sé um hin fátækari ríki heims á síðum dagblaða og í ljósvakamiðlum. Þróunarmál eru í deiglunni. Yfirbragð þeirra upplýsinga sem við höfum fengið hefur þó ekki breyst alveg í takti við aukið magn þeirra: Enn ber sú mynd sem dregin er upp af mannlífi í Afríku sunnan Sahara einkum keim af allsleysi og örbirgð, örvinglun og kröm. Enn er okkur innrætt sú hugmynd að í Afríku búi einsleitt fólk án menningarsérkenna og okkur er lítt veitt innsýn í sérkenni mismunandi ríkja í álfunni og ótölulegra þjóðflokka, ríkrar flóru tungumála og nýtingu margbreytilegs náttúrufars. Of oft virðist okkur ætlað að fella þann tæpa milljarð manna sem álfuna byggir undir hatt almennrar staðalmyndar af "Afríku".

  2. Operational Characteristics Identification and Simulation Model Verification for Incheon International Airport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eun, Yeonju; Jeon, Daekeun; Lee, Hanbong; Zhu, Zhifan; Jung, Yoon C.; Jeong, Myeongsook; Kim, Hyounkyong; Oh, Eunmi; Hong, Sungkwon; Lee, Junwon

    2016-01-01

    integrated into NASA's Airspace Technology Demonstration-2 (ATD-2) project for technology demonstration of Integrated Arrival-Departure-Surface (IADS) operations at CLT. This study is a part of the international research collaboration between KAIA (Korea Agency for Infrastructure Technology Advancement), KARI (Korea Aerospace Research Institute) and NASA, which is being conducted to validate the effectiveness of SARDA concept as a controller decision support tool for departure and surface management of ICN. This paper presents the preliminary results of the collaboration effort. It includes investigation of the operational environment of ICN, data analysis for identification of the operational characteristics of the airport, construction and verification of airport simulation model using Surface Operations Simulator and Scheduler (SOSS), NASA's fast-time simulation tool.

  3. PERBEDAAN DAYA HAMBAT PASTA GIGI BERBAHAN HERBAL TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS

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    Susi Susi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakKaries gigi dan penyakit periodontal dapat dicegah dengan mengontrol pembentukan plak secara teratur. Penggunaan pasta gigi herbal dapat memberikan efek kimia untuk mengontrol pembentukan plak. Studi terdahulu mendapatkan bahwa pasta gigi herbal dapat mengurangi jumlah bakteri utama pada rongga mulut yaitu Streptococcus mutans. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti perbedaan daya hambat beberapa pasta gigi herbal (mengandung siwak, cengkeh, dan daun sirih terhadap pertumbuhan Streptococcus mutans. Metode penelitian adalah eksperimental dengan meletakkan cakram yang sudah direndam dengan pasta gigi ke medium agar darah yang mengandung koloni Streptococcus mutans. Uji daya hambat bakteri dilakukan dengan metode difusi. Terbentuknya zona bening di sekitar koloni bakteri menunjukkan adanya penghambatan pertumbuhan bakteri uji. Hasil uji satu arah ANOVA menunjukkan adanya perbedaan daya hambat yang bermakna antar pasta gigi herbal yang digunakan (p<0.05. Ketiga pasta gigi didapakan memiliki kemampuan antibakteri kuat dengan rata-rata zona hambat 16.075 mm, 13.375 mm dan 11.080 mm. Jadi dapat disimpulkan bahwa pasta gigi herbal mempunyai efek anti bakteri terhadap pertumbuhan Streptococcus mutans dengan efek anti bakteri terkuat di tunjukkan oleh pasta gigi mengandung cengkeh.AbstractDental caries and periodontal disease can be eliminated by regularly control plaque formation. The usage of herbal toothpaste is able to give chemical effect toward plaque control. Previous studies shown that the usage of herbal toothpaste was able to reduce the growth of Streptococcus mutans, the main bacteria in the mouth. The study aimed at investigating the difference of zone of inhibition of several herbal toothpastes (siwak- , cloves- , and betel leaves- contained toward the growth of Streptococcus mutans.This study was experimental research using disc that had been immersed and subsequently put it onto Blood agar medium that contain Streptococcus mutans

  4. Pomegranate juice (Punica granatum as an ideal mouthrinse for fixed orthodontic patients

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    Haryono Utomo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Prevention of caries as well as periodontal disease is mandatory during orthodontic treatment. Nevertheless, the use of antiseptic mouthrinse is contraindicated for prolonged use. Pomegranate juice is a polyphenol-rich juice with high antioxidant capacity as well as antimicrobial properties. It has been shown to exert beneficial characteristics for orthodontic patients such as antioxidant and anti inflammatory effects. Moreover, it contained fluoride and phosphorous which are cariostatic. Previous study in fixed orthodontic patients revealed that rinsing with this juice showed reduced dental plaque and superior compared with chlorhexidine. If it has unwanted effect by reducing pro-inflammatory reaction that also needed in orthodontic movement is not clearly understood. Purpose: The aim of the present review was to discuss the beneficial and unwanted effect of pomegranate juice mouthrinse towards orthodontic treatment. Reviews: Pomegranate has antimicrobial activity, its methanolic skin extract is the most potent followed by seed juice. Nevertheless, seed juice is not only tastier, easier to make but also has mild antimicrobial potency which is beneficial for long-term use. Healthy periodontal tissue is preferable for orthodontic movement since it resulted in less unwanted bone resorption. Conclusion: Regarding its beneficial effect and safety of pomegranate juice if use daily mouthrinse in fixed orthodontic patients, it could be proposed as an ideal long term use mouthrinse for fixed orthodontic patients. However, further researches should be done to verify this concept.Latar belakang: Pencegahan karies dan penyakit periodontal sangat penting dalam perawatan ortodontik. Walaupun demikian, penggunaan obat kumur antiseptik jangka panjang merupakan kontraindikasi. Jus buah delima sangat kaya akan polifenol dengan kemampuan antioksidan yang tinggi disertai kemampuan antimikroba. Beberapa penelitian telah menunjukkan dampak menguntungkan

  5. A randomized trial of individual versus group-format exercise and self-management in individuals with Parkinson’s disease and comorbid depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sajatovic M

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Martha Sajatovic,1,2 Angela L Ridgel,3 Ellen M Walter,1,4 Curtis M Tatsuoka,1,2 Kari Colón-Zimmermann,2 Riane K Ramsey,2 Elisabeth Welter,2 Steven A Gunzler,1,4 Christina M Whitney,1,4 Benjamin L Walter1,4 1Department of Neurology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, 2Neurological and Behavioral Outcomes Center, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, 3Department of Exercise Physiology, Kent State University, Kent, 4Movement Disorders Center, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, USA Background: Depression is common in people with Parkinson’s disease (PD, and exercise is known to improve depression and PD. However, lack of motivation and low self-efficacy can make exercise difficult for people with PD and comorbid depression (PD-Dep. A combined group exercise and chronic disease self-management (CDSM program may improve the likelihood that individuals will engage in exercise and will show a reduction in depression symptoms. The purpose of this study was to compare changes in depression in PD-Dep between individual versus group exercise plus CDSM and to examine participant adherence and perception of the interventions.Methods: Participants (N=30 were randomized to either Enhanced EXerCisE thErapy for PD (EXCEED; group CDSM and exercise or self-guided CDSM plus exercise. Outcomes were change in depression assessed with the Montgomery–Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS, cognition, apathy, anxiety, sleep, quality of life, motor function, self-efficacy, and patient satisfaction.Results: Both groups showed significant improvement in MADRS (P<0.001 with no significant group difference. Individuals in EXCEED group enjoyed the group dynamics but noted difficulty with the fixed-time sessions.Conclusion: Both group CDSM plus exercise and self-guided CDSM plus exercise can improve depression in PD-Dep. These findings suggest that development of a remotely delivered group-based CDSM format

  6. Lived experiences of self-care among older physically active urban-living individuals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sundsli K

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Kari Sundsli,1,2 Geir Arild Espnes,3 Olle Söderhamn21Department of Social Work and Health Science, Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology Management, NTNU, Trondheim, Norway, 2Centre for Caring Research, Southern Norway, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Grimstad, Norway, 3Research Centre for Health Promotion and Resources HiST-NTNU, Department of Social Work and Health Science, Faculty of Social Sciences and Technology Management, NTNU, Trondheim, NorwayBackground: Promoting physical activity is a public health priority in most industrial countries, and physical function is an important factor when taking into consideration older people’s self-care and health. Despite the increasing challenges associated with urbanization and the aging population, urban life appears to be positive in many ways for urban dwellers. However, the manner in which older people live in urban settings and how this influences their ability to take care of themselves should be considered important knowledge for health professionals and politicians to acquire. The aim of this study was to describe the lived experiences of self-care and features that may influence health and self-care among older urban home-dwelling individuals who are physically active.Methods: Ten subjects, three women and seven men, who were aged 65–82 years and identified to be physically active, were interviewed. The interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed according to the descriptive phenomenological method devised by Giorgi.Results: Our findings showed beneficial self-care. The participants lived active everyday lives and were frequently physically active. They were part of a supportive, inclusive, and promoting fellowship, and they had the opportunity to travel. They utilized their competence and experienced making themselves useful. It was a privilege to be part of a family life as a husband, wife, parent, and/or a grandparent. They

  7. РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПО РЕВАСКУЛЯРИЗАЦИИ МИОКАРДА

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Комитет ESC по практическим рекомендациям: Alec Vahanian (председатель (Франция, Angelo Auricchio (Швейцария, Jeroen Bax (Нидерланды, Claudio Ceconi (Италия, Veronica Dean (Франция, Gerasimos Filippatos (Греция, Christian Funck-Brentano (Франция, Richard Hobbs (Великобритания, Peter Kearney (Ирландия, Theresa McDonagh (Великобритания, Bogdan A. Popescu (Румыния, Zeljko Reiner (Хорватия, Udo Sechtem (Германия, Per Anton Sirnes (Норвегия, Michal Tendera (польша, Panos E. Vardas (Греция, Petr Widimsky (Чешская республикаКомитет EACTS по клиническим рекомендациям: Philippe Kolh (председатель (Бельгия, Ottavio Alfieri (Италия, Joel Dunning (Великобритания, Stefano Elia (Италия, Pieter Kappetein (Нидпрланды, Ulf Lockowandt (Швеция, George Sarris (Греция, Pascal Vouhe (ФранцияРецензенты: Peter Kearney (координатор от Комитета ЕОК по практическим рекомендациям (Ирландия, Ludwig von Segesser (координатор от EACTS (Швейцария, Stefan Agewall (Норвегия, Alexander Aladashvili (Грузия, Dimitrios Alexopoulos (Греция, Manuel J. Antunes (Португалия, Enver Atalar (Тур-ция, Aart Brutel de la Riviere (Нидерланды, Alexander Doganov (Болгария, Jaan Eha (Эстония, Jean Fajadet (Франция, Rafael Ferreira (Португалия, Jerome Garot (Франция, Julian Halcox (Великобритания, Yonathan Hasin (Израиль, Stefan Janssens (Бельгия, Kari Kervinen (Финляндия, Gunther Laufer (Австрия, Victor Legrand (Бельгия, Samer A.M. Nashef (Великобритания, Franz

  8. In vivo characterization of polymer based dental cements

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    Widiyanti P

    2011-12-01

    semen gigi. Beberapa studi in vitro di bidang ini telah dilakukan. Beberapa riset di bidang material gigi telah menghasilkan semen gigi yang memenuhi standart sifat fisik dan mekanik seperti regangan dan kekuatan secara in vitro, sedangkan uji in vivo dan uji klinis dari semen gigi dari laboratorium belum dilakukan. Penelitian ini menguji karakteristik fisik dan mekanik semen gigi menggunakan hewan coba kelinci dengan membuat karies kelas III di gigi anterior terutama di permukaan mesial atau distal insisif, mengisi kavitas dengan semen gigi dan menganalisa kekuatan tekan, kekuatan tarik dan struktur mikronya dengan menggunakan scanning electron microscope (SEM. Tujuan: Studi ini bertujuan memberikan gambaran karakterisasi in vivo semen gigi berbahan dasar polimer (semen seng fosfat, polikarboksilat, ionomer kaca dan seng oksida eugenol. Metode: Pertama, kami melakukan preparasi pada gigi hewan coba (6 kelinci, jantan, usia 5 bulan. Kemudian kita membuat kavitas yang melibatkan dentin. Lalu kami menumpat kavitas dengan semen gigi. Setelah prosedur penumpatan, hewan coba dipelihara selama 21 hari dan dikarakterisasi kekuatan tekan, kekuatan tarik dan struktur mikronya. Kekuatan tekan dan kekuatan tarik dianalisa dari sampel uji gigi hewan coba yang diekstraksi dan diukur dengan autograf. Struktur mikronya diuji dengan SEM. Hasil: Hasil nilai kuat tekan terbaik diperoleh oleh semen seng fosfat (zinc phosphate cement sebesar 101,888 Mpa dan nilai kuat tarik semen gigi terbaik adalah semen gelas ionomer (glass ionomer cement sebesar 6,555 Mpa. Kesimpulan: Dapat disimpulkan, dari ketiga jenis bahan semen yaitu seng fosfat, polikarboksilat, dan ionomer kaca, yang mempunyai sifat fisik dan mekanikal terburuk adalah semen ionomer kaca.

  9. Innovative SETI by the KLT

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maccone, C.

    SETI searches are, by definition, the extraction of very weak radio signals out of the cosmic background noise. When SETI was born in 1959, it was "natural" to attempt this extraction by the only detection algorithm well known at the time: the Fourier Transform (FT). In fact: 1) SETI radio astronomers had adopted the viewpoint that a candidate ET signal would necessarily be a sinusoidal carrier, i.e. a very narrow-band signal. Over such a narrow band, the background noise is necessarily white. And so, the basic assumption behind the FT that the background noise must be white was "perfectly matched" to SETI for the next fifty years! 2) In addition, the Americans, J. W. Cooley and J. W. Tukey discovered in April 1965 that all the FT computations could be speeded up to N*ln(N) (rather than N2) (N is the number of numbers to be processed) by their own Fast Fourier Transform (FFT). Then, SETI radio astronomers all over the world gladly and unquestioningly adopted the new FFT forever. In 1983, however, the French SETI radio astronomer, François Biraud, dared to challenge this view (ref. [6]). He argued that we only can make guesses about ET's telecommunication systems, and that the shifting trend on Earth was from narrow-band to wide-band telecommunications. Thus, a new transform, other than the FFT, was needed that could detect signals over both narrow and wide bands, regardless of the colored noise distribution over any finite bandwidth. Such a transform had actually been pointed out as early as 1946 by the Finn mathematician, Kari Karhunen, and the French mathematician, Michel Loève, and is thus named KLT for them. In conclusion, François Biraud suggested to "look for the unknown in SETI" by adopting the KLT rather than the FFT. The same ideas were reached independently by this author also, and starting 1987, he too was "preaching the KLT": first at the SETI Institute, then (since 1990) at the Italian CNR (now called INAF) SETI facilities at Medicina, near Bologna

  10. Dental measurements of Deuteromalayid Javanese students of the Faculty of Dentistry Airlangga University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myrtati Dyah Artaria

    2011-09-01

    dilihat dari geligi tengkorak manusia, untuk keperluan identifikasi. Tujuan: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan ukuran mesiodistal gigi antara laki-laki dan perempuan Deuteromalayid dari Jawa. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan data pengukuran mesio-distal gigi untuk mengetahui apakah ada perbedaan antar jenis kelamin pada ukuran gigi mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga keturunan Deuteromalayid dari Jawa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tahap awal dengan jumlah sampel yang masih terbatas. Sampel diambil dari 52 orang individu yang bersedia dicetak giginya dengan jumlah 26 laki-laki dan 26 perempuan. Pengukuran dilakukan dari mesial ke distal gigi. Pengukuran tidak dilakukan mesial gigi yang mengalami kerusakan seperti misalnya karena karies atau aus yang parah. Signifikansi perbedaan antar jenis kelamin dianalisis menggunakan independent t-test. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antar laki-laki dan perempuan di semua jenis gigi, kecuali pada premolar ke dua atas dan bawah. ”Reverse sexual dimorphism” di mana rata-rata ukuran gigi perempuan lebih besar dari lakilaki, tidak ditemukan pada sampel ini. Pada penelitian ini meskipun dijumpai ”overlap” pada ukuran gigi laki-laki dan perempuan, tetapi sebagian besar rata-rata ukuran gigi berbeda secara bermakna antar kedua jenis kelamin pada sampel mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Airlangga yang berasal dari Jawa keturunan Deuteromalayid. Kesimpulan: Dapat disimpulkan bahwa pengukuran gigi laki-laki lebih besar daripada perempuan, kecuali premolar kedua maksila dan mandibula.

  11. MicroRNA profiling of patient plasma for clinical trials using bioinformatics and biostatistical approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markowitz J

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Joseph Markowitz,1–4 Zachary Abrams,2,5 Naduparambil K Jacob,2,6 Xiaoli Zhang,2,7 John N Hassani,1 Nicholas Latchana,8 Lai Wei,2,7 Kelly E Regan,2,5 Taylor R Brooks,2 Sarvani R Uppati,2 Kala M Levine,2 Tanios Bekaii-Saab,2,4 Kari L Kendra,2,4 Gregory B Lesinski,2,4 J Harrison Howard,2,8 Thomas Olencki,2,4 Philip R Payne,2,5 William E Carson III2,8 1Department of Cutaneous Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, 2Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 3Department of Oncologic Sciences, USF Morsani School of Medicine, Tampa, FL, 4Division of Medical Oncology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, 5Department of Biomedical Informatics, 6Department of Radiation Oncology, 7Center for Biostatistics, 8Department of Surgery, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs are short noncoding RNAs that function to repress translation of mRNA transcripts and contribute to the development of cancer. We hypothesized that miRNA array-based technologies work best for miRNA profiling of patient-derived plasma samples when the techniques and patient populations are precisely defined.Methods: Plasma samples were obtained from five sources: melanoma clinical trial of interferon and bortezomib (12, purchased normal donor plasma samples (four, gastrointestinal tumor bank (nine, melanoma tumor bank (ten, or aged-matched normal donors (eight for the tumor bank samples. Plasma samples were purified for miRNAs and quantified using NanoString® arrays or by the company Exiqon. Standard biostatistical array approaches were utilized for data analysis and compared to a rank-based analytical approach.Results: With the prospectively collected samples, fewer plasma samples demonstrated visible hemolysis due to increased attention to eliminating factors, such as increased pressure during phlebotomy, small gauge needles, and multiple punctures. Cancer patients enrolled in a melanoma clinical study

  12. Treatment of non-vital primary molar using lesion sterilization and tissue repair (LSTR 3Mix-MP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Saskianti

    2013-06-01

    pasien anak. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk evaluasi klinis penggunaan 3Mix - MP- kombinasi obat antibakteri, yaitu metronidazole, minocycline dan ciprofloxacin (3Mix, dan makrogol dan propilen glikol (MP – sebagai pengobatan pulpa pada gigi molar sulung yang nekrose. Metode: Subjek adalah pasien anak dari Klinik Kedokteran Gigi Anak Rumah Sakit Gigi & Mulut Universitas Airlangga. Delapan gigi molar sulung dengan nekrosis pulpa akibat karies gigi dipilih sebagai sampel. Pengobatan dilakukan berdasarkan konsep lesion sterilization and tissue repair (LSTR. Selapis pasta 3 Mix - MP ditempatkan di kavitas gigi dan kemudian ditumpat dengan semen glass-ionomer. Subjek diminta untuk kontrol untuk evaluasi klinis dan radiografi 1, 3 dan 6 bulan pasca perawatan. Efek antibakteri 3 Mix - MP terhadap bakteri campuran rongga pulpa yang diisolasi sebelum terapi dibandingkan dengan tempophore . Efek antibakteri ditentukan dengan mengukur zona hambat setelah 24 jam inkubasi anaerob. Hasil: Tujuh dari 8 subjek pada saat kontrol tidak menunjukkan gejala klinis akut atau kronis, seperti fistula, abses, eksudat purulen, bengkak atau merasa sakit selama pengunyahan. Hasil uji mikrobiologi menunjukkan LSTR 3Mix - MP memiliki efek antibakteri yang lebih tinggi daripada tempophore (p<0,001. Simpulan: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan 3Mix - MP memberikan respon positif pada perawatan molar sulung yang nekrotik secara klinis dan radiografis.

  13. Pengaruh Lama Paparan Gelombang Ultrasonik Frekuensi Terapi terhadap Jumlah Koloni Bakteri Streptococcus mutans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Fransiska

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang. Gelombang Untrasonik telah digunakan untuk terapi dan diagnosis, di klinik kedokteran gigi popular digunakan untuk ultrasonik skaler. Efek termal dan nontermal gelombang ultrasonik dapat mempengaruhi lingkungan tumbuh bakteri, merusak enzim bakteri, dan struktur bakteri. Streptococcus mutans merupakan bakteri penyebab karies gigi. Tujuan penelitian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh lama paparan gelombang ultrasonik frekuensi terapi 3,5 MHz terhadap jumlah koloni bakteri Streptococcus mutans. Cara penelitian. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada 20 buah cawan petri yang berisi koloni bakteri streptococcus mutans dengan media agar darah. Dua puluh buah petri dibagi menjadi 4 kelompok yaitu kelompok kontrol (A dan kelompok perlakuan (B, C, D. kelompok perlakuan diaplikasi gelombang ultrasonik frekuensi 3,5MHz  selama 5, 10, dan 15 menit, sedangkan kelompok kontrol tidak diberi perlakuan apapun. Perhitungan jumlah koloni bakteri dilakukan dengan pengamatan menggunakan colony counter dengan standart plate count (SPC method. Hasil penelitian jumlah koloni bakteri Streptococcus mutans dianalisis menggunakan ANAVA satu jalur menunjukkan ada perbedaan yang signifikan (p<0,05 berarti terdapat pengaruh lama paparan gelombang ultrasonik frekuensi terapi 3,5 MHz terhadap jumlah koloni bakteri Streptococcus mutans. Hasil analisis post hoc (LSD terhadap jumlah koloni bakteri Streptococcus mutans juga menunjukkan ada perbedaan rerata antar kelompok perlawanan yang signifikan (p<0,05. Kesimpulan. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah lama paparan gelombang ultrasonik frekuensi terapi 3,5 MHz berpengaruh terhadap jumlah koloni bakteri Streptococcus mutans.    Introduction. Ultrasonic waves have been used for therapy and diagnosis, in dental clinic ultrasonic waves are used popular for ultrasonic scaler. Thermal and non thermal effects from ultrasonic wave influence the environment of bacteria disturb bacteria enzyme and the bacteria

  14. A Study of Umbilical Communication Interface of Simulator Kernel to Enhance Visibility and Controllability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koo, Cheol Hea; Lee, Hoon Hee; Moon, Sung Tae; Han, Sang Hyuck; Ju, Gwang Hyeok

    2013-08-01

    In aerospace research and practical development area, increasing the usage of simulation in software development, component design and system operation has been maintained and the increasing speed getting faster. This phenomenon can be found from the easiness of handling of simulation and the powerfulness of the output from the simulation. Simulation brings lots of benefit from the several characteristics of it as following, - easy to handle ; it is never broken or damaged by mistake - never wear out ; it is never getting old - cost effective ; once it is built, it can be distributed over 100 ~ 1000 people GenSim (Generic Simulator) which is developing by KARI and compatible with ESA SMP standard provides such a simulation platform to support flight software validation and mission operation verification. User interface of GenSim is shown in Figure 1 [1,2]. As shown in Figure 1, as most simulation platform typically has, GenSim has GRD (Graphical Display) and AND (Alpha Numeric Display). But frequently more complex and powerful handling of the simulated data is required at the actual system validation for example mission operation. In Figure 2, system simulation result of COMS (Communication, Ocean, and Meteorological Satellite, launched at June 28 2008) is being drawn by Celestia 3D program. In this case, the needed data from Celestia is given by one of the simulation model resident in system simulator through UDP network connection in this case. But the requirement of displaying format, data size, and communication rate is variable so developer has to manage the connection protocol manually at each time and each case. It brings a chaos in the simulation model design and development, also to the performance issue at last. Performance issue is happen when the required data magnitude is higher than the capacity of simulation kernel to process the required data safely. The problem is that the sending data to a visualization tool such as celestia is given by a

  15. Nåværende norske rutiner for innsamling av data innen kariesepidemiologi blant barn/unge – holder rutinene fortsatt mål?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marit S. Skeie

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available KOSTRA (Kommune-Stat-Rapportering utgjør et nasjonalt informasjonssystem som gir opplysninger om kommunal og fylkeskommunal virksomhet, også når det gjelder tannhelsetjenestens virksomhet. Hovedmålet med denne artikkelen er å evaluere nytteverdien av KOSTRA-data som de per i dag innrapporteres, det vil si om de harmonerer med moderne behandlingsfilosofi av sykdommen karies og lavere kariesprevalens, samt bidrar som redskap i det tannhelsefremmende arbeid. Som delmål vil vi kritisk vurdere hvordan kariesdata blir innrapportert til KOSTRA og der blir presentert, samt diskutere videreutvikling av denne innrapporteringen. Vi fant at nåværende KOSTRA-rutiner bør endres og arbeidsmetoder oppdateres i samsvar med moderne syn på kariesforebyggelse og terapi. Det å inkludere emaljelesjoner i KOSTRArapportene og overvåke kariesutviklingen fra tidlig alder, er essensielt hvis planlegging av tannhelsetjenesten for barn og ungdom skal kunne gjennomføres på en optimal måte. Videre bør man gå over fra aggregerte data til rapportering på individnivå, eventuelt fra statistisk tilfeldige utvalg og endring av klasseinndelingen i frekvensfordelinger. Dette for å kunne estimere SIC og tilpasse fordelingene til endret karieserfaring i nøkkelårskullene. Bruk av kalibrerte undersøkere vil være en stor gevinst med tanke på å heve kvaliteten på de data som blir innrapportert, både når det gjelder reliabilitet og validitet.Skeie MS, Klock KS, Haugejorden O. Current Norwegian routines for collection of data on caries epidemiology among children and adolescents – are the routines still adequate? Nor J Epidemiol 2012; 22 (1: 59-68.ENGLISH SUMMARYKOSTRA (Community-State-Report is a national information system providing data about activity at community and country level, as well as in the Public Dental Service (PDS. The main aim of this study is to assess the usefulness of the present KOSTRA data reporting system, i.e. if it is in accordance with

  16. Icelandic newspapers in light of Sparks’ model of different types of press Umræðuvettvangur íslenskra dagblaða með hliðsjón af greiningarramma Colin Sparks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Birgir Guðmundsson

    2012-12-01

    þó koma fram mikilvægar upplýsingar sem benda til að blöðin séu mjög einsleit og að verða líkari hvert öðru hvað efni varðar.

  17. Shear strength of orthodontic bracket bonding with GIC bonding agent after the application of CPP-ACPF paste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melisa Budipramana

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: White spot lesion is a major problem during fixed orthodontic treatment. This problem can be solved by minimizing white spot lesion before the treatment and using a fluoride-releasing bonding agent. The application of casein phosphopeptidesamorphous calcium phospate fluoride (CPP-ACPF paste as remineralization agent before treatment and GIC as orthodontic bonding agent is expected to overcome this problem as well as to strengthen GIC bonding. Purpose: To measure the shear strength of fix orthodontic appliance using GIC bonding with CPP-ACPF application prior treatment. Methods: In this study, 50 extracted premolars were randomly divided into 2 groups: group 1 as treatment group and group II as control group that was not given CPPACPF pretreatment. After having been cut and put into acrylic device, the samples in group I were given pretreatment with CPP-ACPF paste on enamel surface for 2 minutes twice a day as instructed in product label for 14 days. Orthodontic brackets were bonded with GIC bonding agent on all samples in both groups as instructed in product label. Then, the shear strength was measured by Autograph Shimatzu with crosshead speed 0.5 mm/minute. The data was analyzed with Independent t-test. Results: The mean shear bond strength in treatment group was 19.22 ± 4.04 MPa and in control group was 12.97 ± 3.97 MPa. Independent t-test analysis showed that there was a significant difference between treatment and control group (p<0.05. Conclusion: CPP-ACPF pretreatment could increase GIC orthodontic bonding shear strength.Latar belakang: Lesi putih karies merupakan masalah utama selama perawatan dengan peranti cekat ortodonti. Hal ini dapat diatasi dengan cara mengurangi lesi putih sebelum perawatan dengan menggunakan bahan bonding yang mengandung fluorida. Aplikasi pasta casein phosphopeptides-amorphous calcium phospate fluoride (CPP-ACPF sebagai bahan remineralisasi sebelum perawatan dan bahan bonding GIC diharapkan dapat

  18. Penurunan jumlah Streptococcus mutans pada saliva anak dengan ortodonti cekat setelah konsumsi yoghurt (Reduction of salivary Mutans Streptococci in children with fixed orthodontic appliance after yoghurt consumption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Anggreani Bibi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Orthodontic treatment using fixed appliances in children increases with the case of malocclusion in Indonesia. The patients with fixed orthodontics have higher risks of caries. Purpose: The study was aimed to examine the influences short term daily consumption fruit-flavored yoghurt on salivary mutans Streptococci in pediatric patients during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Methods: This was an experimental laboratory study with a double-blind randomized crossover design. The subjects were 26 children in range of age 11 to 15 years old who were under orthodontic treatment using fixed appliances. Subjects were divided into 2 (two groups which consist of 13 children each. Group A were asked to consumed a 150 ml of yoghurt Bifidobacterium bifidum and Lactobacillus acidophilus once a day for 2 weeks, while group B were asked to consumed milk once a day for the same period of time. After “washout” period for 2 weeks, the subjects of group A and B crossed over the drink, group A was asked to consumed milk and group B was asked to consumed yoghurt for another 2 weeks. Before and after consuming yoghurt or milk, the subject’s saliva samples were taken and the colonies of mutans Streptococci were counted on TYC media. Results: Statistical analysis showed that on subjects who consumed yoghurt the colony number of mutans Streptococci reduced significantly (p < 0.05. Conclusion: Short-term daily consumption of the probiotic yoghurt containing Bifidobacterium bifidum bacteria and Lactobacillus acidophilus could reduce the number of salivary mutans streptococci in pediatric patient during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances.Latar belakang: Kebutuhan perawatan ortodonti menggunakan alat cekat pada anak-anak meningkat seiring bertambahnya jumlah kasus maloklusi di Indonesia. Namun faktanya penggunaan piranti ortodonti cekat berisiko terjadinya karies disekitar bracket. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan meneliti pengaruh

  19. Pengaruh Ekstrak Kulit Jeruk Nipis (Citrus Aurantifolia Swingle Konsentrasi 10% Terhadap Aktivitas Enzim Glukosiltransferase Streptococcus mutans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zenia Adindaputri U

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Streptococcus mutans merupakan bakteri yang berperan sebagai agen utama penyebab karies gigi, yang memiliki enzim glukosiltransferase (GTF. Enzim GTF akan mengubah sukrosa menjadi fruktosa dan glukan. Salah satu herbal tradisional yang dapat berperan sebagai antibakteri adalah kulit jeruk nipis (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle yang mengandung polifenol terutama flavonoid. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh ekstrak kulit jeruk nipis (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle konsentrasi 10% terhadap aktivitas enzim GTF Streptococcus mutans. Penelitian ini menggunakan ekstrak kulit jeruk nipis konsentrasi 10% sebagai perlakuan, chlorhexidine gluconate 0,12% sebagai kontrol positif, serta akuades steril sebagai kontrol negatif. Metode penelitian ini terdiri dari tiga tahap yaitu penyiapan ekstrak kulit jeruk nipis konsentrasi 10%, penyiapan enzim GTF dari supernatan Streptococcus mutans, dan pengujian aktivitas enzim GTF melalui analisis konsentrasi fruktosa dengan menggunakan High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC. Pembacaan luas area fruktosa dilakukan berdasarkan waktu retensi. Satu unit aktivitas enzim GTF di definisikan sebagai 1 µmol fruktosa/ml dari enzim/jam. Selanjutnya data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara statistik dengan one way ANOVA.Hasil perhitungan aktivitas enzim GTF dengan one way ANOVA menunjukkan perbedaan yang signifikan antara kelompok perlakuan dengan kelompok kontrol negatif (p<0,05, dan tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan dengan kontrol positif. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah ekstrak kulit jeruk nipis konsentrasi 10% dapat menghambat aktivitas enzim glukosiltransferase Streptococcus mutans.  The Influence of 10% Concentrate of Citrus Aurantifolia Swingle on The Activities of Streptococcus Mutans Glucocyl Transferase Enzyme. Streptococcus mutans is a bacteria which has glucosyl transferase (GTF enzyme and acts as the main agent that causes dental caries. GTF enzyme will convert sucrose into fructose and glucan

  20. Synergistic Opportunities for the Geostationary Satellite Constellation: Status of the CEOS Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Saadi, J. A.; Zehner, C.

    2012-12-01

    This talk will summarize activities of the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) Atmospheric Composition Constellation (ACC) to collaboratively advance the next generation of air quality monitoring from space. Over the past 2 years, CEOS ACC have developed a position paper describing the benefits to be derived from such collaboration. The resulting ACC recommendations were endorsed by CEOS in May 2011. We will discuss next steps toward implementing this vision, starting with a new 3-year CEOS Action in 2012. Several countries and space agencies are currently planning to launch geostationary Earth orbit (GEO) missions in 2017-2022 to obtain atmospheric composition measurements for characterizing anthropogenic and natural distributions of tropospheric ozone, aerosols, and their precursors. These missions include Europe's ESA Sentinel-4 with EUMETSAT IRS, the United States' NASA GEO-CAPE, Korea's ME/MEST/KARI GEMS, and Japan's JAXA GMAP-Asia. GEO observations offer a quantum advance in air quality monitoring from space by providing measurements many times per day. However, a single GEO satellite views only a portion of the globe. These satellites, positioned to view Europe, East Asia, and North America, will collectively provide hourly coverage of the industrialized Northern Hemisphere at similar spatial resolutions. Planned low Earth orbit (LEO) missions will provide complementary daily global observations. Observations from a single LEO satellite will overlap those from each GEO satellite once per day, providing a means for combining the GEO observations and a necessary perspective for interpreting global impacts of smaller scale processes. The EUMETSAT Metop series, NOAA/NASA JPSS series, and ESA Sentinel-5 Precursor and Sentinel-5 missions will each provide such daily overlap with the GEO missions. The Canadian PCW PHEMOS mission will make an additional unique suite of observations. PCW will provide quasi-geostationary coverage over the Arctic that

  1. Daya antibakteri obat kumur chlorhexidine, povidone iodine, fluoride suplementasi zinc terhadap, Streptococcus mutans dan Porphyromonas gingivalis (Antibacterial effect of mouth washes containing chlorhexidine, povidone iodine, fluoride plus zinc on Strep

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betadion Rizki Sinaredi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Dental Caries and periodontal disease prevalence in Indonesian children are still high. Some efforts can be done to overcome the problem; one of them is the use of mouthwash to decrease pathogen microorganisms. The mouthwashes that commercially available in market are chlorhexidine, povidone Iodine and Fluoride with Zinc supplementation. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the anti bacterial effect of the mouthwashes chlorhexidine, povidone iodine and fluoride with zinc supplementation against mix bacteria that found in the plaque, Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis. Methods: The antibacterial effect was measured using disk diffusion test. The bacteria samples (plaque polybacteria, S.mutans and P. gingivalis were inoculated and spread in the petridish containing MHA. Paper discs containing the mouthwashes were placed in the petridish and incubated for 24 hours at 37oC (anaerobe for P. gingivalis, aerobe for S. mutans and polybacteria. The diameter of inhibition zone surrounding the paper discs were measured and compared between each active ingredient contained in mouthwash. Results: Chlorhexidine had the strongest antibacterial effect than povidone iodine and fluoride. Chlorhexidine was more effective to inhibited the growth of S. mutans than to polybacteria or P.Gingivalis, while Povidone iodine and fluoride were more effective to inhibited the growth of polybacteria. Conclusion: The mouthwash chlorhexidine was more effective to inhibit the growth of plaque polybacteria, Streptoccous mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis compared with povidone iodine and fluoride with zinc supplementation.Latar belakang: Prevalensi karies gigi dan penyakit periodontal masih tinggi pada anak Indonesia. Usaha mengatasi hal tersebut antara lain melalui melalui penggunaan obat kumur untuk mengurangi jumlah kuman pathogen. Kandungan obat kumur yang beredar di pasar diantaranya adalah chlorhexidine, povidone iodine dan fluoride

  2. Perbandingan kekerasan mikro dentin mahkota setelah aplikasi berbagai bahan bleaching intrakoronal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Apriko Merza

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Comparing microhardness of dentine crown after application of various intracoronal bleaching agents. The aim of this study is to compare microhardness of dentine crown after treatment with intracoronal bleaching agents. The method of this study was an experimental laboratory. Thirty two extracted human mandibular first premolars without caries, sectioned at 2 mm below Cemento-Enamel Junction were divided into four groups and bleaching agents were sealed into the pulp chambers as follows: group A – 45% carbamide peroxide, group B – 35% hydrogen peroxide, group C – sodium perborate mixed aquadest and group D – aquadest. Access cavities were sealed and then stored in aquadest at 37 °C. Bleaching procedures were performed on days 0, 7, 14 and 21. After 28 days, the teeth were sectioned longitudinally, and planted on acrylyc. Microhardness of dentine crown was measured by vickers microhardness tester. One Way ANOVA and LSD were used to evaluate the effect of intracoronal bleaching agents on microhardness of dentine crown. The results showed that average values of microhardness of dentine crown on group A was 45,04 VHN, group B was 45,42 VHN, group C was 55,22 VHN and group D was 55,63 VHN. In clonclusion, there was si gnificantly different microhardness of dentine crown between group 45% carbamide peroxide and 35% hidrogen peroxide with sodium perborate mixed aquadest, but between group 45% carbamide peroxide with 35% hidrogen peroxide there was no significant difference. ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perbandingan kekerasan mikro dentin mahkota setelah aplikasi berbagai bahan bleaching intrakoronal. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental laboratoris. Sebanyak 32 gigi premolar pertama mandibula tanpa karies, telah diekstraksi, dipotong 2 mm di bawah cemento-enamel junction dibagi dalam 4 kelompok dan bahan bleaching dimasukkan ke dalam kamar pulpa, yaitu kelompok A – 45% karbamid peroksida, kelompok B -35

  3. The increasing of enamel calcium level after casein phosphopeptideamorphous calcium phosphate covering

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    Widyasri Prananingrum

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Caries process is characterized by the presence of demineralization. Demineralization is caused by organic acids as a result of carbohydrate substrate fermentation. Remineralization is a natural repair process for non-cavitated lesions. Remineralization occurs if there are Ca2+ and PO43- ions in sufficient quantities. Casein-amorphous calcium phosphate phosphopeptide (CPP-ACP is a paste material containing milk protein (casein, that actually contains minerals, such as calcium and phosphate. The casein ability to stabilize calcium phosphate and enhance mineral solubility and bioavailability confers upon CPP potential to be biological delivery vehicles for calcium and phosphate. Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the calcium levels in tooth enamel after being covered with CPP-ACP 2 times a day for 3, 14 and 28 days. Methods: Sample were bovine incisors of 3 year old cows divided into 4 groups, namely group I as control group, group II, III and IV as treatment groups covered with CPP-ACP 2 times a day. All of those teeth were then immersed in artificial saliva. Group II was immersed for 3 days, while group III was immersed for 14 days, and group IV was immersed for 28 days. One drop of CPP-ACP was used to cover the entire labial surface of teeth. The measurement of the calcium levels was then conducted by using titration method. All data were analyzed by One- Way ANOVA test with 5% degree of confidence. Results: The results showed significant difference of the calcium levels in tooth enamel of those groups after covered with CPP-ACP 2 times a day for 3, 14 and 28 days (p = 0.001. There is also significant difference of the calcium levels in tooth enamel of those treatment groups and the control group (p = 0.001. Conclusion: The calcium levels of tooth enamel are increased after covered with CPP-ACP 2 times a day for 3, 14 and 28 days.Latar belakang: Proses terjadinya karies gigi ditandai oleh adanya demineralisasi

  4. Korelasi Faktor Ibu Dengan Status Kesehatan Gigi Dan Mulut Anak Taman Kanak-Kanak Di Kelurahan Kemayoran Kecamatan Krembangan, Kota Surabaya

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    oktarina oktarina

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Caries among children 1–4 years in Indonesia was 10.4%. Maintenance of dental and oral health among under five children and kindergarten depent on their mothers. Mother’s knowledge on dental and oral health maintenance is lack. The study aimed to determine the correlation of maternal knowledge, attitude, and behaviour behavior on maintenance of dental and oral health to their children dental and oral health status. It was an observational study with a cross sectional design. The study was conducted to kindergarden in Kelurahan Kemayoran, Surabaya city. There were 73 mothers and 73 of their children recruited. The independent variables were knowledge, attitude, and practice of mothers on maintenance of dental and oral health and the dependent variables was their children dental and oral health status. Data were collected by interview and the dental and oral health status by intra-oral dental examination. Analysis was by Spearmen correlation test. The majority of mothers were aged 30-39 years old, middle education, with Rp.1,000,000,- to Rp.2,000,000,- monthly income. For their children were relatively higher girls and 78.1% with bad dental and oral health status. The knowledge of mothers on maintenamce dental and oral health was not correlated to their children dental and health status possibly the lowest (30.1% mothers knowledge on bruishing teeth conducted together with their children. Meanwhile, the mother attitute was correlated (r = 0.272 to their children dental and health status, ρ = 0.01. It was as more than half of mothers very agree that their children should brush their teeth twice a day. The behaviour of mothers on maintenance dental and oral health was not correalated as none of caries teeth was patched. Primary Health Centers should enhance education on the right knowledge on maintenance of dental and oral hygiene of children, especially among mothers. AbstrakKaries pada anak 1–4 tahun di Indonesia sebesar 10

  5. Performance management by co-operating and participating. Lessons learned from transfering service responsibiliy from state to municipal level Árangursstjórnun með samstarfi og þátttöku: Lærdómur af yfirfærslu verkefna frá ríki til sveitarfélaga

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    Óskar Dýrmundur Ólafsson

    2011-12-01

    ð við stjórnun þeirra er heppilegt að líta í ríkari mæli til valdeflingar, lærdóms og möguleika til aukinnar skilvirkni með kerfishugsun.

  6. An analysis of Finnish skiing school students' academic education and athletic success [Analýza akademického vzdělání a sportovních úspěchů studentů finských lyžařských škol

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    Jan-Erik Romar

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Skiing boarding schools provide an opportunity to combine academic education and an athletic career. Many athletes select to go to a boarding school at an age of 16 because they have poor local training possibilities; however, this physical move away from home providesmany challenges. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze academic education and athletic success of skiing school students in Finland. METHODS: The participants were 49 students (15 girls and 34 boys with an average age of 17 years. They came from three skiing boarding schools, two cross-country and one alpine school. Sixty percent of the alpine skiers were members of the junior national team while only six percent of the cross-country skiers. All participants completed a survey about study success and athletic performance. RESULTS: The results showed that 80% of the students extended their high school studies from three to four years. About 50% of all students were satisfied with their academic success. Fifty-four percent of alpine skiers and 15% of cross-country skiers indicated that their best athletic success were in international competitions. Almost all students perceived that skiing school helped by combining sport and school. However, only 40% of the alpine skiers and 62% of the cross-country skiers were satisfied with their present athletic success. Seventy-three percent of the alpine skiers felt that sport participation affected negatively their success in school. Success in sport, good training possibilities, skilled coaches and caring friends were reason for enjoying life in skiing boarding schools. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the concept of skiing schools and suggest that there are many things to consider when combining education and an athletic career.[VÝCHODISKA: Lyžařské internátní školy nabízejí možnost spojit akademické vzdělání a sportovní kariéru. Mnozí sportovci odcházejí ve věku 16 let na internátní

  7. Book Reviews

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    Redactie KITLV

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available -Charles V. Carnegie, W. Jeffrey Bolster, Black Jacks: African American Seamen in the age of sail. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1997. xiv + 310 pp. -Stanley L. Engerman, Wim Klooster, Illicit Riches: Dutch trade in the Caribbean, 1648-1795. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1998. xiv + 283 pp. -Luis Martínez-Fernández, Emma Aurora Dávila Cox, Este inmenso comercio: Las relaciones mercantiles entre Puerto Rico y Gran Bretaña 1844-1898. San Juan: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1996. xxi + 364 pp. -Félix V. Matos Rodríguez, Arturo Morales Carrión, Puerto Rico y la lucha por la hegomonía en el Caribe: Colonialismo y contrabando, siglos XVI-XVIII. San Juan: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico y Centro de Investigaciones Históricas, 1995. ix + 244 pp. -Herbert S. Klein, Patrick Manning, Slave trades, 1500-1800: Globalization of forced labour. Hampshire, U.K.: Variorum, 1996. xxxiv + 361 pp. -Jay R. Mandle, Kari Levitt ,The critical tradition of Caribbean political economy: The legacy of George Beckford. Kingston: Ian Randle, 1996. xxvi + 288., Michael Witter (eds -Kevin Birth, Belal Ahmed ,The political economy of food and agriculture in the Caribbean. Kingston: Ian Randle; London: James Currey, 1996. xxi + 276 pp., Sultana Afroz (eds -Sarah J. Mahler, Alejandro Portes ,The urban Caribbean: Transition to the new global economy. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1997. xvii + 260 pp., Carlos Dore-Cabral, Patricia Landolt (eds -O. Nigel Bolland, Ray Kiely, The politics of labour and development in Trinidad. Barbados, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago: The Press University of the West Indies, 1996. iii + 218 pp. -Lynn M. Morgan, Aviva Chomsky, West Indian workers and the United Fruit Company in Costa Rica, 1870-1940. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1996. xiii + 302 pp. -Eileen J. Findlay, Maria del Carmen Baerga, Genero y trabajo: La industria de la aguja en Puerto Rico y el Caribe hispánico. San Juan

  8. There’s a kind of hush…..

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    Yngve Nordkvelle

    2013-11-01

    phenomenon. She argues for the need to think wider and inclusively when describing phenomena theoretically and empirically.In the third paper, Professors Kari Nes and Gerd Wikan of Hedmark University College, Norway report from a project involving interactive whiteboards (IWB in teaching in schools. In analyzing closely how seven teachers go about their interactive boards when teaching, they see that the IWBs have potentials that not all teachers are able to realize. They discuss what teachers need in order to develop their ability to stage “exploratory talks” with students.Last we bring a brief research report from Jacques Kerneis, who is a professor at ESPE (École Superiéure du Professorate et de l’éducation Bretagne, France, who outlines experiences from three differents projects aiming at defining digital-, media- and information literacy in a French speaking context. Using a particular vocabulary of « apparatus », « phenomenotechnique » and « phenomenographie » the projects aimed at providing a framework of the evolving interpretations of these phenomena.

  9. In vitro effect of Q-switched Nd:YAG laser exposure on morphology, hydroxyapatite composition and microhardness properties of human dentin

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    Retna Apsari

    2011-12-01

    : Mode Q-Switch pada laser Nd:YAG dapat menghasilkan fenomena ablasi pada dentin. Laser Nd:YAG yang digunakan mempunyai panjang gelombang 1064 nm, durasi pulsa 8 ns beroperasi dengan mode TEM00. Sampel dentin yang digunakan tanpa karies dan plak, yang dipapari laser dengan mode Q-switch dalam berbagai variasi dosis energi. Tujuan: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengamati efek ablasi dentin secara in vitro akibat paparan laser Nd:YAG Q-switch dengan pengamatan morfologi permukaan, komposisi hidroksiapatit, dan uji kekerasan mikro. Metode: Laser Nd:YAG Q-switch dengan frekuensi 10 Hz dan variasi dosis energi 13,9 J/cm2, 21,2 J/cm2 dan 41,7 J/cm2 ditembakkan pada sampel dentin manusia dengan teknik penyinaran bebas tanpa dilewatkan serat optik. Dentin yang terbuka diamati menggunakan x-ray diffraction (XRD dan fluoresence scanning electron microscopy for energy dispersive (FESEM-EDAX. Kekerasan mikro dari dentin juga diamati menggunakan microhardness vickers test (MVT. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komposisi hidroksiapatit dari dentin setelah paparan laser Nd:YAG Q-Switch menunjukkan peningkatan berkisar 75,02% sampai 78,21% dibandingkan normal, dengan kekerasan mikro berkisar 38,7 kgf/mm2 sampai 86,6 kgf/mm2. Perubahan pada struktur mikro tersebut disebakan karena adanya efek fototermal. Kerapatan daya yang bervariasi berdasarkan variasi dosis energi menyebabkan efek panas pada dentin yang menyebabkan adanya fenomena optical breakdown, yang ditandai dengan munculnya efek leleh dan lubang pada sampel karena produksi plasma dan adanya gelombang kejut, mulai dosis 21,2 J/cm2. Berdasarkan uji XRD, efek yang muncul pada dentin tidak menyebabkan terjadinya perubahan struktur kristal hidroksiapatit, tetapi menyebabkan perubahan komposisi hidroksiapatit yang disebut dengan fotoablasi. Kesimpulan: Dapat disimpulkan bahwa penggunaan mode Q-switched pada laser Nd:YAG sebagai alat dengan kontak minimal dapat dijadikan teknik alternatif untuk meningkatkan kualitas perawatan

  10. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available -Philip D. Morgan, Marcus Wood, Blind memory: Visual representations of slavery in England and America 1780-1865. New York: Routledge, 2000. xxi + 341 pp. -Rosemarijn Hoefte, Ron Ramdin, Arising from bondage: A history of the Indo-Caribbean people. New York: New York University Press, 2000. x + 387 pp. -Flávio dos Santos Gomes, David Eltis, The rise of African slavery in the Americas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. xvii + 353 pp. -Peter Redfield, D. Graham Burnett, Masters of all they surveyed: Exploration, geography, and a British El Dorado. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2000. xv + 298 pp. -Bernard Moitt, Eugenia O'Neal, From the field to the legislature: A history of women in the Virgin Islands. Westport CT: Greenwood Press, 2001. xiii + 150 pp. -Allen M. Howard, Nemata Amelia Blyden, West Indians in West Africa, 1808-1880: The African Diaspora in reverse. Rochester NY: University of Rochester Press, 2000. xi + 258 pp. -Michaeline A. Crichlow, Kari Levitt, The George Beckford papers. Kingston: Canoe Press, 2000. lxxi + 468 pp. -Michaeline A. Crichlow, Audley G. Reid, Community formation; A study of the 'village' in postemancipation Jamaica. Kingston: Canoe Press, 2000. xvi + 156 pp. -Linden Lewis, Brian Meeks, Narratives of resistance: Jamaica, Trinidad, the Caribbean. Kingston: University of the West Indies Press, 2000. xviii + 240 pp. -Roderick A. McDonald, Bridget Brereton, Law, justice, and empire: The colonial career of John Gorrie, 1829-1892. Kingston: University of the West Indies Press, 1997. xx + 371 pp. -Karl Watson, Gary Lewis, White rebel: The life and times of TT Lewis. Kingston: University of the West Indies Press, 1999. xxvii + 214 pp. -Mary Turner, Armando Lampe, Mission or submission? Moravian and Catholic missionaries in the Dutch Caribbean during the nineteenth century. Göttingen, FRG: Vandenburg & Ruprecht, 2001. 244 pp. -O. Nigel Bolland, Anton L. Allahar, Caribbean charisma: Reflections on

  11. Sports context of the original families of three generations of national football team players [Sportovní kontext původních rodin tří generací fotbalových reprezentantů

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Válková

    2011-09-01

    in any of the three different generations.[VÝCHODISKA: Rodinný context je považován za podstatný jev, ovlivňující vývoj celoživotní sportivní kariéry. Přes tuto skutečnost je role rodiny v etapách různých historických změn zkoumána zřídka. Výzkumný concept studie je založen na "teorii přechodu" (tj. raná sportovní socializace, na principu "generačního přenosu" (tj. interakce rodiče-děti, a to v rámci různého mikro (rodinného a makro (sociálně-ekonomického kontextu. CÍLE: Cílem studie je nalézt vztahy mezi ukazateli rané socializace v rodinném kontextu fotbalových hráčů - reprezentantů České republiky ve třech rozdílných socio-ekonomických časových obdobích. METODIKA: Byly zkoumány tři generace fotbalových hráčů národní reprezentace. Výzkumný vzorek P (n = 69 sestával ze tří sub-skupin: P1 (n = 23 - současná generace fotbalové reprezentace v letech kolem roku 1991, P2 (n = 23 - generace reprezentující v letech 1981 - 2001 a P3 - generace reprezntující v letech 1965 - 1987. Data byla získána semi-strukturovaným rozhovorem orientovaným na rodinné zázemí v etapě rané sportovní socializace každé generace. Odpovědi byly analyzovány a data tříděna v kategoriální škále (5 domén po 4 kategoriích. Dále byla data zpracována deskriptivní statistikou a srovnání vybraných kategorií mezi generacemi neparametrickým testem Chí-kvadrát na hladině významnosti p < 0,05. VÝSLEDKY: Shodná role otců byla nalezena ve všech třech generacích a take ve shodných kategoriích (typ výchovy, začlenění do fotbalu, motivační přístupy. Role matek byla odlišná ve vztahu ke generační emancipaci žen, ale vždy podporující sportovní vývoj dětí. ZÁVĚRY: Výsledky podtrhují význam rané sportovní socializace v rodině, důležitost generačního přenosu, funkci otce, matky i sourozenců jako motivátorů, a to bez ohledu na příslušnost ke kterékoliv ze t

  12. FOREWORD: Third Nordic Symposium on Computer Simulation in Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaski, K.; Salomaa, M.

    1990-01-01

    Prizes were some of the newest books on the beauty of fractals. The First Prize was won by Hanna Viertio, the Second Prize by Miguel Zendejas and the Third Prize was shared by Leo Kärkkäinen and Kari Rummukainen. As for the future of Computational Science, we identify two principal avenues: (a) big science - large centers with ultrafast supercomputers, and (b) small science - active groups utilizing personal minisupercomputers or supenvorkstations. At present, it appears that the latter already compete extremely favourably in their performance with the massive supercomputers - at least in their throughput and, especially, in tasks where a broad range of diverse software support is not absolutely necessary. In view of this important emergence of "personal supercomputing", we envisage that the role and the development of large computer centers will have to be reviewed critically and modified accordingly. Furthermore, a promise for some radically new approaches to Computational Science could be provided by massively parallel computers; among them, maybe solutions based on ideas of neural computing could be utilized, especially for restricted applications. Therefore, in order not to overlook any important advances within such a forefront field, one should rather choose the strategy of actively following each and every one of these routes. In perspective of the large variety of simultaneous developments, we want to emphasize the importance of Nordic collaboration in sharing expertise and experience in the rapidly progressing research - it ought to be cultivated and could be expanded. Therefore, we think that it is vitally important to continue with and to further promote the kind of Nordic Symposia that have been held at Lund, Kolle-Kolle, and Lahti. We want to thank most cordially the plenary and invited speakers, contributors, students, and in particular the Conference Secretary, Ms Ulla Ahlfors and Dr Milja Mäkelä, who was responsible for the local arrangements. The

  13. Analysis of motives for mentoring students in practical pedagogical training [Analýza důvodů k mentoringu studentů během pedagogické praxe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marjeta Kovač

    2010-06-01

    pedagogical training of students to improve its quality and promote realistic preparation for working in a real work environment.[VÝCHODISKA: Hlavním cílem inovace studijních programů ve většině členských států EU byla unifikace a modernizace těchto programů, která umožní rozvoj EU v jednu z nejsilnějších znalostních společností. Moderní studijní programy zdůrazňují vzájemné spo jení teoretických principů, které si studenti osvojují během studia, s praxí z toho důvodu, že praktická příprava je jednou z nejdůležitějších částí všech studijních programů. Rovněž účinný systém kvalitních a kompetentních školitelů má významnou roli. Tito školitelé připraví jedince ke vstupu na trh práce právě rozvojem jejich specifických dovedností v autentickém prostředí. CÍLE: Z toho důvodu, že mnoho členských států EU ještě nevytvořilo systém kompetentních a kvalitních školitelů, prezentuje tato studie systém opatření k růstu motivace učitelů pro školení studentů a lepší kvalitu školitelské činnosti. Studie zkoumá motivy pro školení studentů v praktické přípravě. METODIKA: Výzkum zahrnoval 62 učitelů, kteří vyučovali na Fakultě sportu v Ljubljani. Použitý dotazník obsahoval 26 různých motivů. Pro zpracování dat byla využita deskriptivní statistika a faktoriální analýza. VÝSLEDKY: Výsledky ukázaly, že školitelé školí studenty v pedagogické praxi za účelem rozvoje svých vlastních profesních dovedností a z důvodu kariérních motivů – profesní postup v hierarchickém žebříčku získáváním dodatečných bodů umožňujících postup na vyšší profesní úroveň. Oba tyto důvody znamenají vyšší profesní postavení v pracovním prostředí. ZÁVĚRY: Bylo zjištěno, že by bylo potřeba vytvořit model partnerské spolupráce mezi fakultou sportu a vzdělávacími školami a prostřednictvím vhodných opatření zajistit v