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Sample records for haasz milan komrek

  1. Gortys and Milan. Milan and Gortys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemma Sena Chiesa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the beginning of the archaeological mission of the University of Milan at Gortys, when in 2002 the author was at the head of a new archaelogical research on the acropolis in Gortys. Since 2003 a great Roman bath building has been brought to light south of “Pretorio” within annual excavations. Al the end the paper offers some fresh thoughts on the long‐term archaeological relationship between Milan and Gortys (and vice versa, seen in the context of Serafino Ricci’s studies about Pretorio and Odeion in Gortys at the end of 19th century. Following are observations on Hygieia’s image in glyptic and eburnea diptycha.

  2. Milan Kundera and intertextuality

    OpenAIRE

    Grušová, Mariana

    2016-01-01

    The diploma thesis Milan Kundera and Intertextuality deals with aspects of relations between the texts in his novels. The first part outlines the intertextuality, theory of the novel and the approaches of some literary theorists towards this issue. The second half of the thesis analyzes the intertextuality in Kundera's works in various forms, mainly based on the themes of dreams and physicality. The greatest emphasis is placed on examining the legacy of Kafka in the context of Kundera's works...

  3. Polyphonie musicale chez Milan Kundera

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boisen, Jørn

    Artiklen undersøger, hvordan Milan Kundera i sine romaner anvender kompositionstekniske greb fra musikken, i særdeleshed polyfoni.......Artiklen undersøger, hvordan Milan Kundera i sine romaner anvender kompositionstekniske greb fra musikken, i særdeleshed polyfoni....

  4. Milan Kundera, Une rencontre

    OpenAIRE

    Céline Magain

    2012-01-01

     « …rencontre de mes réflexions et de mes souvenirs ; de mes vieux thèmes (existentiels et esthétiques) et mes vieux amours (Rabelais, Janacek, Fellini, Malaparte…) » (p. 9) C’est sur ces mots que le célèbre auteur d’origine tchèque Milan Kundera introduit Une rencontre, son quatrième et dernier essai en français, qui réunit de nouveaux textes et des anciens, réactualisés ou incorporés dans de nouveaux écrits. Comme le titre l’indique, il s’agit bien de rencontre, au sens propre comme au fi...

  5. Milan Kundera, Une rencontre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Céline Magain

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available  « …rencontre de mes réflexions et de mes souvenirs ; de mes vieux thèmes (existentiels et esthétiques et mes vieux amours (Rabelais, Janacek, Fellini, Malaparte… » (p. 9 C’est sur ces mots que le célèbre auteur d’origine tchèque Milan Kundera introduit Une rencontre, son quatrième et dernier essai en français, qui réunit de nouveaux textes et des anciens, réactualisés ou incorporés dans de nouveaux écrits. Comme le titre l’indique, il s’agit bien de rencontre, au sens propre comme au fig...

  6. Contrasting strategic and Milan therapies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacKinnon, L

    1983-12-01

    Three related models of therapy are often grouped together as the strategic therapies. These are brief therapy model associated with the Mental Research Institute, approaches developed by Jay Haley and Cloë Madanes, and the model developed by the Milan associates. Controversy exists, however, as to whether the Milan model should be included as a strategic therapy. It appears that the similarities among the three models can mask deeper differences, thus confounding the confusion. This paper contrast the models in their development, theory, and practice.

  7. Horror powrotu (Milan Kundera - "Nieiwedza")

    OpenAIRE

    Sidowska, Karolina

    2007-01-01

    Niewiedza ist der letzte Roman von Milan Kundera, in dem sich der Autor mit einer Idee der Rückkehr beschäftigt. Kundera, ein tschechischer Schriftsteller, der seit Jahren in Frankreich lebt und schafft, hat schon mehrmals in seinen Werken einen Einfluss der neuesten Geschichte aufs Leben der einfachen Menschen thematisiert. In dieser Buch ist sein Bedürfnis nach einer Abrechnung mit der Vergangenheit am deutlichsten. Am Beispiel von Irena und Josef, die 1968 aus Tschechei vor ...

  8. Stones used in Milan architecture

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    Folli, Luisa

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The city of Milan lies in a plain with clayey soil well suited to brick-making, but no stone deposits. An ample supply of stone is available, however, in the surrounding hills and mountains, which are connected to the city via both natural and artificial waterways. The types of stone used since Roman times include: granite, marble and gneiss from Ossola Valley; dolomite from Lake Maggiore; detrital limestone from Ceresio Valley; sandstone from the Brianza Hills; black limestone and marble from Lake Como; and conglomerate and sandstone from the Adda River basin. Traditionally, the chief uses have been dimension stone (all stones, column shafts (granite, slabs (marble, moulding (dolomite, limestone and ornamental (marble, dolomite, limestone.La ciudad de Milán se encuentra en una llanura de suelo arcilloso adecuado para la fabricación de ladrillos pero en la cual no hay yacimientos de rocas. No obstante, en las colinas y montañas circundantes, que están comunicadas con la ciudad mediante vías navegables naturales y artificiales, sí existe una abundante cantidad de piedra. Entre los tipos de piedra utilizados desde la época de los romanos se encuentran granitos, mármoles y gneises del valle de Ossola, dolomías del lago Mayor, calizas detríticas del valle de Ceresio (Lugano, areniscas de las colinas de la Brianza, calizas negras y mármoles del lago Como y conglomerados y areniscas de la cuenca del río Adda. Tradicionalmente, los principales usos han sido la piedra de fábrica (todas ellas, fustes de columnas (granito, losas (mármol, molduras (dolomía, caliza y ornamental (mármol, dolomía, caliza.

  9. Perspectives on Einstein's scientific works in Milan

    CERN Document Server

    Bracco, Christian

    2015-01-01

    The Milanese period in Albert Einstein's life is a key one for the understanding of the development of his scientific questioning. While being a student in Z\\"urich from 1896, Einstein returned regularly to Milan to meet his family for the holidays. There, he could work on the most recent articles in physics at the rich library of the Lombardo Institute, Academy of Sciences and Letters. Hopefully, this new perspective will help to trace back more accurately a few of Einstein's scientific ideas, such as the need to expand his first doctoral work on molecular forces to weakly compressed gases or as to conceive a first idea of light quanta.

  10. Violencia y memoria en Milan Kundera

    OpenAIRE

    Tafalla, Marta

    2007-01-01

    Partiendo de la filosofía de la memoria de T. W. Adorno, este artículo defiende la tesis de que la literatura tiene una mayor capacidad que la historia o la filosofía para explicar en qué consisten los regímenes totalitarios y para salvaguardar la memoria de sus víctimas. Con este propósito, toma como ejemplo la literatura del escritor checo Milan Kundera y analiza algunas de sus obras, especialmente El libro de la risa y el olvido, La insoportable levedad del ser y su ensayo El arte de la no...

  11. Violencia y memoria en Milan Kundera

    OpenAIRE

    Tafalla, Marta

    2007-01-01

    Partiendo de la filosofía de la memoria de T. W. Adorno, este artículo defiende la tesis de que la literatura tiene una mayor capacidad que la historia o la filosofía para explicar en qué consisten los regímenes totalitarios y para salvaguardar la memoria de sus víctimas. Con este propósito, toma como ejemplo la literatura del escritor checo Milan Kundera y analiza algunas de sus obras, especialmente El libro de la risa y el olvido, La insoportable levedad del ser y su ensayo El arte de la no...

  12. Larithmetique de lemigration selon Milan Kundera

    OpenAIRE

    Mendes, Ana Paula Coutinho

    2007-01-01

    Émigrant tchèque, naturalisé français depuis 1981, et ayant commencé à écrire directement en français à partir de 1995, Milan Kundera est un des exemples les plus réputés de l#8217;incorporation de voix migrantes au sein de la littérature française actuelle. Prenant comme point de départ le roman L#8217;Ignorance que Kundera a publié en 2003, nous essayons de mettreen équation les traits de cette « arithmétique de l#8217;émigration » sur laquelle l#8217;auteur a digressé dans Les Testaments T...

  13. Milan Kundera poeediparukaga faun / Kärt Hellerma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hellerma, Kärt, 1956-

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Kundera, Milan. Surematus. Tln. : Monokkel, 1995. Ilmunud ka kogumikus: Hellerma, Kärt. Kohanenud kirjandus : valik kirjanduskriitikat 1987-2006. Eesti Keele Sihtasutus : Tallinn, 2006. Lk. 176-179

  14. Milan Kundera and Franz Kafka - How Not to Forget Everydayness

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Škop, Martin

    2011-01-01

    ... system.Methodology/Methods In this article I want to analyze two decisions of Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic and compare them with situation described in early works of Milan Kundera (The Joke...

  15. Milan Kundera poeediparukaga faun / Kärt Hellerma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hellerma, Kärt, 1956-

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Kundera, Milan. Surematus. Tln. : Monokkel, 1995. Ilmunud ka kogumikus: Hellerma, Kärt. Kohanenud kirjandus : valik kirjanduskriitikat 1987-2006. Eesti Keele Sihtasutus : Tallinn, 2006. Lk. 176-179

  16. [Malignant pustule in province of Milan, Italy (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelosa, L

    1978-01-01

    Preliminary the statistical data are reported about human malignant pustule denounced in Italy in different Districts, in Lombardia and in Province of Milan. Correlatively the outbreaks and cases of haematic anthrax in animals declared in Italy, in different Districts, in Lombardia and in Province of Milan. Then the outbreaks of malignant pustule in Province of Milan are related in 1975-1977 period in the resident population where is considerable concentration of the leather manufactures. The epidemiological and microbiological researches have determined the relation among the outbreak of malignant pustule and the working of the hides imported from African Countries (Nigeria, Tanzania, Ethiopia, South Africa, Burundi-Kenya, Uganda) containing the spores of b. anthrax. The spores besides to cause infections of the workmen employed in the hide manufacture (industrial anthrax) through the effluents and solid refuses from the tanneries, are dispended upon the tiled ground and determine outbreak the haematic anthrax in the animals and agricultural coutaneus anthrax in the men.

  17. Os signos da memória em Milan Kundera

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Rosimara Aparecida da

    2011-01-01

    A dissertação Os signos da memória em Milan Kundera pretende pensar de que forma as imagens apreendidas pela memória, quando traduzidas pela linguagem, viram signos carregados de significados no processo de criação de Milan Kundera. Para tanto, nos aprofundamos na teoria do filósofo Henri Bergson, que apresenta a memória como instância que estabelece a relação entre corpo e espírito e encontra na intuição o caminho para se atingir a interioridade do ser. Nossa hipótese é a de que Milan Kunder...

  18. Einstein et Besso : de Zürich à Milan

    OpenAIRE

    Bracco, Christian

    2014-01-01

    International audience; The 1896-1901 Milanese period is a key one to understand Einstein’s training background. When he was a student at the ETH in Zürich (the Swiss Federal Polytechnic in Zürich) from 1896 to 1900, he would make regular trips back to Milan to stay with his family who was involved in the development of the electricity industry in northern Italy. Between 1899 and 1901, he would meet his faithful friend and collaborator, Michele Besso in Milan on a regular basis. Given their r...

  19. The Italian Linguistic Landscape: The Cases of Milan and Udine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coluzzi, Paolo

    2009-01-01

    This article looks at the linguistic landscape in two Northern Italian cities: Milan and Udine. Signs in two streets of a similar length were recorded and classified according to the language or languages they were written in. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence in the linguistic landscape of the different languages making up the…

  20. The Italian Linguistic Landscape: The Cases of Milan and Udine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coluzzi, Paolo

    2009-01-01

    This article looks at the linguistic landscape in two Northern Italian cities: Milan and Udine. Signs in two streets of a similar length were recorded and classified according to the language or languages they were written in. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence in the linguistic landscape of the different languages making up the…

  1. The Crematorium Temple in the Monumental Cemetery in Milan

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    Annalisa Boi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Crematorium Temple of Milan, first in Italy and among the first in Europe, has played a key role in the revival of cremation, already used by the ancient classical civilizations, becoming a model soon imitated by other cities. Its construction is due to the generosity of the industrialist Albert Keller who worked to introduce the practice of cremation in Milan as an alternative to burial and as solution to the unrelenting settlement expansion of cemeteries, too close to the cities. In 1876 the crematorium was inaugurated with the first implementation of a design by Carlo Maciachini, author of the Monumental Cemetery where the crematorium is located, presented in grecian Doric style in memory of the purifying rituals of classical ideas.

  2. Arte Inglese Oggi, Milan, 1976: Between Formalism and Conceptual Art

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    Elena Crippa

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the 1970s, Arte Inglese Oggi (Palazzo Reale, Milan, 1976 was one of the major exhibitions organized by the British Council in partnership with foreign institutions towards the presentation of British art abroad. Covering the period 1960–76, the selectors aimed to represent contemporary developments while attempting to hold on to the categories of painting and sculpture, the latter divided into sculpture proper and the splinter section “alternative developments”.

  3. Milanés 210, un patrimonio matancero

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón Félix Recondo Pérez

    2010-01-01

    Cada año, desde el 2003, el Consejo Nacional de Patrimonio Cultural convoca al Premio Nacional de Conservación y Restauración, a entregarse cada 18 de abril, Día Internacional de los Monumentos, con el objetivo de estimular la protección y el rescate del patrimonio edificado, histórico y natural de la nación. En la versión del 2010, nuestra provincia, Matanzas, estuvo representada en la categoría de Conservación por la edificación ubicada en la calle Milanés 210, vivienda del ilustre Doctor y...

  4. Milan Rezo, PhD in Technical Sciences

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    Tomislav Bašić

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available On October, 7th 2010, Milan Rezo defended his dissertation The Meaning and the Application of Physical Parameters in Modern Approach in State Survey at the Faculty of Geodesy of the University of Zagreb, and in front of the Commission consisting of Assoc. Prof. Dr. Željko Bačić, Prof. Dr. Tomislav Bašić (mentor, both from the Faculty of Geodesy, University of Zagreb, and Assist. Prof. Božo Soldo from the Faculty of Geotechnical Engineering Varaždin of University of Zagreb.

  5. Early Greek Typography in Milan: A Historical Note on a New Greek Typeface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallraff, Martin

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the history of Greek typography, focusing on the first book to be entirely printed in Greek in 1476 and the series of new typefaces that resulted. Cites Milan as a center of Greek printing in the early history of Greek typography. Describes a revival of one of these typefaces created under the name of Milan Greek. (PA)

  6. Early Greek Typography in Milan: A Historical Note on a New Greek Typeface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallraff, Martin

    1997-01-01

    Discusses the history of Greek typography, focusing on the first book to be entirely printed in Greek in 1476 and the series of new typefaces that resulted. Cites Milan as a center of Greek printing in the early history of Greek typography. Describes a revival of one of these typefaces created under the name of Milan Greek. (PA)

  7. Transcultural itineraries of architect Milan Zloković

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    Blagojević Ljiljana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper looks in more detail into the biography of one of the most prominent modern architects in Serbia, Milan Zloković (1898, Trieste - 1965, Belgrade, by focusing on the multicultural contexts of his childhood, youth and education as possible sources of his particular creative disposition and habit of mind. The argument is centred on exploring the course of the architect's interests, impressions, and studies, as they changed over the years in the complex historical conditions of the opening decades of the twentieth century. The paper argues that experiences from this period formed what is termed as the identity of multiple geographies, which guided much of Zloković's predilection in his later architectural work, and provided a transcultural frame of reference and breadth to his research. Traced back and analyzed against the biographical facts and events, are excerpts from his later articles and scholarly papers, most notably the ones where he provides references to architectural history of, inter alia, Byzantine architecture in Macedonia, medieval Serbian architecture, Italian Baroque, or traditional architecture of Boka Kotorska. The aim of the research is to contribute to a broader understanding of the complex cultural basis and polyvalent discourse of Serbian modernism, in the foundation of which Milan Zloković had a decisive role.

  8. The Milan Project: a newborn hearing screening programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastorino, Giancarlo; Sergi, Paola; Mastrangelo, Massimo; Ravazzani, Paolo; Tognola, Gabriella; Parazzini, Marta; Mosca, Fabio; Pugni, Lorenza; Grandori, Ferdinando

    2005-04-01

    Since 1997 a newborn hearing screening programme has been implemented by the U.O. Neurologia-Neurofisiopatologia and Dipartimento di Neonatologia of the Istituti Clinici di Perfezionamento ICP in Milan for both babies with no risk and those at risk of hearing impairment. This programme was named the Milan Project. The protocol for no-risk babies consisted of three stages: in the first two stages, newborns were tested with transient click-evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE), in the third one with conventional auditory brainstem responses (ABR). The first TEOAE test was performed by 36 h of age, before discharge, the second one after 15-30 d in case of referral, and the third one, by ABR, for those babies who failed the second TEOAE stage. Newborns at audiological risk were submitted to conventional ABR before the third month of corrected age. Some of this latter population was also submitted to the TEOAE test. The entire tested population (no-risk babies and newborns at audiological risk) consisted of 19 777 babies: 19 290 without risk ("no risk") and 487 at risk ("at risk"). During the course of the Milan Project, hearing impairment (ABR threshold equal to or greater than 40 dB nHL) was identified in 63 newborns (19 from the no-risk and 44 from the at-risk population), with a prevalence of 0.32%. Bilateral hearing impairment (BHI) was found in 33 newborns (10 from the no-risk and 23 from the at-risk population), corresponding to 0.17%. Among infants with bilateral hearing impairment, 30.3% had no risk factors. The prevalence of hearing impairment was determined on days 15-30 after birth. The results show that the implementation of a hospital-based, universal neonatal hearing screening programme for babies with and without audiological risk is feasible and effective. The effectiveness of the programme has increased as a function of the years since its inception, with a strong decrease in the referral rate. Further improvement is obtained if the TEOAE measurements

  9. The first century of the "clinica del lavoro" in Milan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertazzi, Pier Alberto; Foà, Vito

    2005-01-01

    The Clinica del Lavoro was created in Milan at the beginning of the 20th century by Luigi Devotto, who deemed it essential for physicians and health researchers to get involved in the life and health problems of working populations. The main roles of the Clinica del Lavoro were to educate medical students and train physicians; study actual workplaces, examine health and safety hazards and their noxious effects; and create initiatives and services to protect and promote workers' health. Important scientific contributions were made in several fields, including chemical carcinogenesis, effects of mineral and biologicalfibers, mechanism of action of silica dust, methods for the detection and measurements of toxic substances in both the work environment and workers' biological media.

  10. Milan Kundera et l’ombre du choucas

    OpenAIRE

    Badia, Alain

    2013-01-01

    « Corbeau, disais-je, corbeau de malheur que fais-tu là sur mon chemin.Où que j’aille, je te trouve en train de hérisser tes quelques plumes. Importun ! Oui, fit-il, allant et venant devant moi, la tête penchée, tel un professeur qui fait son cours, c’est exact, cela finit par me mettre mal à l’aise moi-même. »Franz Kafka, « D’après une métaphore célèbre, le romancier démolit la maison de sa vie pour, avec les briques, construire une autre maison : celle de son roman. »Milan Kundera, « Quand ...

  11. Pollution by lead near the Turin--Milan highway

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sapetti, C.; Arduino, E.

    1973-10-01

    Soil samples taken at 5 to 50 m from the Turin-Milan highway at depths ranging from 0 to 30 cm on two different sites were analyzed for lead residues by atomic absorption spectrophotometry following extraction by means of ammoniacal EDTA at pH 9. Soil samples from the surface layer taken in one well-ventilated site contained 11.5 to 12.4 ppM lead, while subsoil samples had 5.7 to 9.8 ppM. Soil samples taken in the other site with poor ventilation contained 23.5 to 43.3 ppM lead in the surface layer, and 9.2 to 15.4 ppM in the subsoil. Decrease of the lead concentrations in the soil with increasing depth and distance from the highway was noted. Plant samples taken from the same sites contained 6.4 to 32.2 ppM lead. Lead was fixed predominantly to the exchange complex; partly to the clay fraction, and partly to the humic fraction.

  12. Turistički značaj galerije 'Milan Konjović' u Somboru

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    Besermenji Snežana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A gallery 'Milan Konjović' in Sombor is a culture establishment in which there are exhibited works of a famous impressionist Milan Konjovic. It was opened in 1966 and it is placed in a Galley house, on the Square of Holy Three. Works of Milan Konjović are presented by chronological productions and occasional thematic exhibitions, and a collection consists of 1060 works today. In order to notice the tourist importance of this establishment, in this work there will be done a SWOT analysis which will point to internal abilities and internal weakness on one hand and, on the other hand, there will be analyzed exterior possibilities and those are chances and threats from the surroundings. Considering the fact that conditions in our institutions of culture are on unsatisfactory level, in this paper two affirmed galleries in London will be presented: the Tate Gallery and the Tate Modern, which represent positive example of successful management in cultural institutions.

  13. Velichka Ivanova. Fiction, utopie, histoire. Essai sur Philip Roth et Milan Kundera.

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Ivanova ambitiously proposes and successfully manages to read Philip Roth’s and Milan Kundera’s works along comparatistic lines. The comparison between Milan Kundera and Philip Roth is certainly not new and stems directly from the two authors’ knowing each other personally (starting in the 1970s). Roth wrote the introduction to Kundera’s Laughable Loves back in 1974, he dedicated The Ghost Writer (1979) to him and invokes his presence mentioning his name in The Human Stain in 2000. The most n...

  14. Velichka Ivanova. Fiction, utopie, histoire. Essai sur Philip Roth et Milan Kundera.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pia Masiero

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Ivanova ambitiously proposes and successfully manages to read Philip Roth’s and Milan Kundera’s works along comparatistic lines. The comparison between Milan Kundera and Philip Roth is certainly not new and stems directly from the two authors’ knowing each other personally (starting in the 1970s. Roth wrote the introduction to Kundera’s Laughable Loves back in 1974, he dedicated The Ghost Writer (1979 to him and invokes his presence mentioning his name in The Human Stain in 2000. The most n...

  15. Cities, the Urban Green Environment, and Individual Subjective Well-Being: The Case of Milan, Italy

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    Giorgio Tavano Blessi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper evaluates the independent effect of the spatial proximity of green urban areas upon the individual subjective well-being of the Milan population (Italy. The methodology is based on a survey undertaken in 2010 using a sample of 1,000 of Milan citizens. Univariate and multivariate analyses and GIS localization have been employed in order to rank the major individual well-being determinants and the relationship between citizens and urban green areas. Results show that the residential proximity of citizens to urban green areas seems to have little bearing on individual subjective well-being.

  16. Milanés 210, un patrimonio matancero

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    Ramón Félix Recondo Pérez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cada año, desde el 2003, el Consejo Nacional de Patrimonio Cultural convoca al Premio Nacional de Conservación y Restauración, a entregarse cada 18 de abril, Día Internacional de los Monumentos, con el objetivo de estimular la protección y el rescate del patrimonio edificado, histórico y natural de la nación. En la versión del 2010, nuestra provincia, Matanzas, estuvo representada en la categoría de Conservación por la edificación ubicada en la calle Milanés 210, vivienda del ilustre Doctor y Pedagogo Mario Emilio Dihigo Llanos y diseñada por el eminente arquitecto Enrique Marcet Palomino, cuyo legado en obras hasta nuestros días dignifica nuestra ciudad. No sería justo detallarles el valor urbano arquitectónico y contextual de la edificación sin entrar a resaltar la significación histórica del Dr. Dihigo, pues es precisamente su vida y su obra la que le aporta valor histórico a la edificación, y es por ello que en este artículo, antes de precisar valores técnico-constructivos y de ubicación de esta edificación de estilo neocolonial, representativa de modernismo matancero, a manera de introducción, haciendo un poco de historia, los familiarizamos con la figura de este prestigioso hijo de Matanzas. Valoramos además en nuestro trabajo, la necesidad del respeto al patrimonio, como libro abierto de nuestra historia, y significamos que la preservación de este inmueble es hoy realidad gracias a la sensibilidad y el respeto de las personas que lo habitan, no sólo por la figura de Dihigo, sino además por el reconocimiento al genio y la manera de hacer y construir de una época de buenas prácticas. Lleva este artículo intrínseco el homenaje también a esa familia de arquitectos, que a criterio del autor, supieron ganarse un espacio en el buen hacer de la creación arquitectónica del pasado reciente matancero, los Marcet Beato.

  17. The Milan Geriatrics 75+ Cohort Study : unravelling the determinants of healthy ageing and longevity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ogliari, Giulia

    2016-01-01

    Current evidence on older adults is derived from population-based cohort studies and randomized controlled trials, which may not include frail individuals. Data are lacking on older outpatients, a potentially diverse population. Therefore, we initiated the Milan Geriatrics 75+ Cohort Study, a

  18. Communication and Problematic Integration: Milan Kundera's "Lost Letters" in "The Book of Laughter and Forgetting."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babrow, Austin S.

    1995-01-01

    Reviews problematic integration theory (concerned with the role of communication when communicators face ambiguity, ambivalence, or impossibility). Presents a case study of Milan Kundera's writing illuminating both the theory and this significant novel. Discusses the relevance of problematic integration theory to other approaches to the study of…

  19. Ärimees ootab annetuse eest Keskerakonnalt vastuteenet / Dannar Leitmaa, Erik Rand, Milan Bališ

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leitmaa, Dannar, 1982-

    2009-01-01

    Slovakkia ärimehed annetasid Eesti Keskerakonnale 1,4 mln. krooni, avaliku teenistuse eetikakoodeksi autor Ivar Tallo peab välismaistelt annetajatelt raha saamist taunitavaks. Annetustest teistele erakondadele I kvartalis. Vt. samas lühiintervjuud Milan Bališiga

  20. SUSTAINABILITY OF SHORT FOOD SUPPLY CHAINS: ANALYSIS OF RAW MATERIAL SUPPLY IN MILAN PUBLIC SCHOOL CATERING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. D’Anna

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The demand of short food supply chains is becoming more pressing by consumers, especially in the largest school catering. The implementation of the short chain in a large catering company of Milan, is described in this practical contribution. Several aspects of short food chains sustainability: legal, commercial and economic sustainability, hygienic and gastronomic sustainability, are discussed.

  1. Communication and Problematic Integration: Milan Kundera's "Lost Letters" in "The Book of Laughter and Forgetting."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babrow, Austin S.

    1995-01-01

    Reviews problematic integration theory (concerned with the role of communication when communicators face ambiguity, ambivalence, or impossibility). Presents a case study of Milan Kundera's writing illuminating both the theory and this significant novel. Discusses the relevance of problematic integration theory to other approaches to the study of…

  2. Follow-up of 53 Alzheimer patients with the MODA (Milan Overall Dementia Assessment).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capitani, E; Manzoni, L; Spinnler, H

    1997-01-01

    Fifty-three patients affected by Alzheimer's disease entered a longitudinal survey aimed at studying which factors influence the rate of progression, assessed by means of the Milan Overall Dementia Assessment (MODA). The second examination was carried out, on average, after 16 months from the first assessment. Only age proved to influence the decline rate, which was faster in elders.

  3. Factors promoting injection-induced seismicity on basement faults: Insights from the 2012 Milan, Kansas Earthquake

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hearn, E. H.; Koltermann, C.

    2016-12-01

    The November 12, 2014 M 4.8 Milan Kansas earthquake occurred in a region where saltwater disposal had recently undergone a dramatic increase. Because this region is instrumented with seismic arrays, and data on hydrogeological properties and wastewater injection rates are available, it is an ideal target for modeling injection-induced seismicity. We have developed a suite of MODFLOW groundwater flow models to explore hydrogeological conditions consistent with triggering the Milan earthquake given injection schedules and rates at nearby wells, with the goal of assessing whether these models are consistent with new seismicity and injection rate data reflecting a state-mandated reduction in injection at some wells. Hydraulic properties of the lower, middle and upper Arbuckle Formation and the fault damage zone were systematically varied, as well as the depth to the hypocenter and geometry of the Milan earthquake fault. Fault damage zone hydraulic conductivity and storage coefficient were consistent with a range of of hydraulic diffusivities inferred from aftershock migration (Choy et al., 2016). A minimum Coulomb stress threshold of 0.01 MPa is exceeded by the time of the Milan earthquake for a range of reasonable hydraulic parameters, but an increase exceeding 0.1 MPa at the Milan hypocenter is not obtained for any models we tested. This suggests that the Milan fault patch was critically stressed prior to the earthquake, consistent with orientation of the fault in the local stress field (Schwab et al., 2015; Walsh, 2015) and the increased hydraulic conductivity of critically-stressed faults (Barton et al., 1995). Modeled pore pressures and Coulomb stress changes at the Milan earthquake hypocenter are most sensitive to fault damage zone hydraulic conductivity and assumed hypocenter depth (which controls where the fault zone intersects with the base of the Arbuckle Formation). Though seismic reflection profiles from the modeled region show faults cutting the Arbuckle

  4. Religious tolerance in the Edict of Milan and in the Constitution of Medina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đurić Drago

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we will try to offer a blueprint for a more general discussion of the relation of how the question of religious tolerance appears in two documents that the Christian and Islamic traditions recognize and celebrate: namely, the Edict of Milan and the Constitution of Medina. These documents were revolutionary for their time. However, these documents alone, as well as religious teachings, on which they are based, cannot be the measure of relations in our time. They are presented in the conceptual framework and value system that prevailed at the time when these teachings and documents were created. Many relations the documents refer to no longer exist. For example, while the Edict of Milan affirms the general right to religion, and the Constitution of Medina affirms the mutual tolerance for Abrahamic, monotheistic religions - people who now declare themselves as atheists or agnostics are not even mentioned.

  5. Evolution of Milan microclimate in XX century. Evoluzione del microclima milanese nel corso del secolo XX

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schieroni, A. (Lombardia Risorse SpA, Milan (Italy))

    Within the framework of studies to correlate the use of fossil fuels with urban area thermal pollution, this article examines the local microclimate of Milan, describing the main features of the so-called 'heat island' phenomenon and analyzing the evolution of ambient temperatures. Two different kinds of data on urban temperatures were employed: the hourly measurements taken by the Multinational Presidium for Hygiene and Prevention, run by the Local Sanitary Unit No. 75 of Milan, in the period ranging from 1985 to 1990, and the maximum and minimum daily values referring to the period between 1909 and 1991 (data supplied by the Meteorologic Observatory of Brera-Duomo). The standard year, worked out in the framework of the C. N. R. (National Research Centre) Finalized Energy Project and referring to the meteorological station of Linate Airport, was employed in order to highlight the difference between the thermal behaviour of the urban and the extra-urban area.

  6. Murder-suicide in the province of Milan, Italy: criminological analysis of cases 1990-2009.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merzagora, Isabella; Travaini, Guido; Battistini, Alessio; Pleuteri, Lorenza

    2011-04-01

    Murder-suicide is a relatively rare event, and familicide is rarer still. However, it is certainly not unknown, and has been described in the scientific literature from both a socio-criminological and pathological-forensic perspective since the last century. In a civilized urban area such as Milan and province, where there is a general reduction in the homicide rate, homicide-suicide occurs almost exclusively within the family, and has specific features that differentiate it from other types of homicide, whether connected with general criminality or organized crime. This article analyses the quantitative and qualitative features of cases of homicide-suicide occurring in Milan and province between 1990 and 2009 (20 years), considering temporal aspects and the development of the events, the weapons used, and the epidemiological and psychopathological features of the perpetrators and their victims.

  7. Religious tolerance in the Edict of Milan and in the Constitution of Medina

    OpenAIRE

    Đurić Drago

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we will try to offer a blueprint for a more general discussion of the relation of how the question of religious tolerance appears in two documents that the Christian and Islamic traditions recognize and celebrate: namely, the Edict of Milan and the Constitution of Medina. These documents were revolutionary for their time. However, these documents alone, as well as religious teachings, on which they are based, cannot be the measure of relations in our time. They are presen...

  8. Milan Criteria and UCSF Criteria: A Preliminary Comparative Study of Liver Transplantation Outcomes in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Supriya S. Patel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The application of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT for patients with hepatocellular cancer (HCC necessitates highly selective criteria to maximize survival and to optimize allocation of a scarce resource. The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of OLT for HCC in patients transplanted under Milan and UCSF criteria. The United Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS database was queried for patients who had undergone OLT for HCC from 2002 to 2007, and 1,972 patients (Milan criteria, n=1,913; UCSF criteria, n=59 were identified. Patients were stratified by pretransplant criteria (Milan versus UCSF, and clinical and pathologic factors and overall survival were compared. There were no differences in age, gender, diabetes mellitus, body mass index, and hepatitis B, or C status between the two groups. Overall survival was similar between the Milan and UCSF cohorts (1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-year survival rates: 88%, 81%, 76%, and 72% versus 91%, 80%, 68% and 51%, respectively, P=0.21. Although the number of patients within UCSF criteria was small, our results nevertheless suggest that patients with HCC may have equivalent survival when transplanted under Milan and UCSF criteria. Long-term followup may better determine whether UCSF criteria should be widely adopted.

  9. The area of "Porta Vittoria” in Milan L'area “Porta Vittoria” a Milano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fulvia Pinto

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The transformation of Milan, to be realized completely, needs of transport infrastructure as well as major European cities. The Rail “Passante” is a trasport infrastructure almost entirely underground and it crosses the city of Milan from north-west to south-east. The "Passante" represents the structure on which to build the urban development of the "Greater Milan" and plays a strategic role in the choice of location, facilitating the creation of an urban system integrated and competitive. The "Passante" connects the central parts of the city with suburbs that are already taking advantage of the presence of the infrastructure to renew their image. The study area was originally occupied by a station of the State Railways, now is a new station of the railway "Passante". The context of urban transformation "Porta Vittoria" is located in a central area of Milan, just beyond the first “circumvallazione”, on the connecting axis the airport of Linate. The strategic location of the area, very accessible, has determined the choice of the functions that must be kept. The regeneration is characterized by two important projects, one public and one private. The public intervention concerns the BEIC - European Library of Information and Culture, the private action relates to the new district "Porta Vittoria", with mixed-use residences, offices, malls, hotels and cinemas. The project for the European Library of Information and Culture, developed many years ago, intended to give Milan an "infrastructure" for culture considered the largest of Europe. The lack of funding has led to long interruptions and long delays in implementation. The project pays particular attention to the sustainability of the building, using energy energy-efficient systems with heat pumps (with exploiting groundwater, rather superficial in that area, solar collectors and photovoltaic panels. The hypothesis expresses the desire to create a relationship between the winning project

  10. The Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology: Analysis and suggestions of initial survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossi, Esther Diana; Faquin, William C; Baloch, Zubair; Barkan, Güliz A; Foschini, Maria Pia; Pusztaszeri, Marc; Vielh, Philippe; Kurtycz, Daniel F I

    2017-07-14

    An international panel of experts in the field of salivary gland cytology (SGC), supported by the American Society of Cytopathology (ASC) and the International Academy of Cytology, conducted a survey to seek evidence and practice patterns regarding SGC. Results were used to provide focus for the proposed Milan System for Reporting Salivary Gland Cytopathology. The study group, formed during the 2015 European Congress of Cytology held in Milan, Italy, generated a survey that included 49 specific questions related to the taxonomies, practices, and diagnostic entities of salivary cytology. Qualtrics software was used as the study platform. Software and server support were provided by the division of information technology at the University of Wisconsin. The survey was available online from November 2015 until February 2016. Participants were invited through the Web sites of the ASC, the International Academy of Cytology, and the Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology as well as by the ASC e-mail "ListServe"; responses were evaluated by the Milan System editors. Responses from a total of 515 participants were collected and reviewed. A total of 347 participants provided demographic data information. Responses revealed variations in diagnostic practice and subsequent management. Participants believed that the acceptable rate for nondiagnostic samples should not be higher than 10%. There were varied opinions regarding the approach to neoplastic lesions of uncertain malignant potential, those that may or may have not local invasion and distant spread. Results of the survey demonstrated strong support for the development of a unified system for reporting SGC. Cancer Cytopathol 2017. © 2017 American Cancer Society. © 2017 American Cancer Society.

  11. Italy on the spotlight: Expo Milan 2015 and Italian Journal of Food Science

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Fantozzi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The year 2015 will certainly be remembered as the Year of the Universal Exposition (EXPO hosted in Milan, Italy, focusing on a hot theme in the current scenario: “Feeding the Planet, Energyfor Life”.This event has drawn a wide international attention towards Italy as a country with peculiar and valuable food traditions, thus strengthening its reputation as “gastronomic capital of theworld” rich in protected designation of origin products (PDOs and characterised by a longstanding food culture.

  12. Satellite air temperature estimation for monitoring the canopy layer heat island of Milan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pichierri, Manuele; Bonafoni, Stefania; Biondi, Riccardo

    2012-01-01

    2007 and 2010 were processed. Analysis of the canopy layer heat island (CLHI) maps during summer months reveals an average heat island effect of 3–4K during nighttime (with some peaks around 5K) and a weak CLHI intensity during daytime. In addition, the satellite maps reveal a well defined island shape......In this work, satellite maps of the urban heat island of Milan are produced using satellite-based infrared sensor data. For this aim, we developed suitable algorithms employing satellite brightness temperatures for the direct air temperature estimation 2 m above the surface (canopy layer), showing...

  13. Being and the dialectics of irony: A reading of some of Milan Kundera’s novels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Hattingh

    1995-05-01

    Full Text Available In this essay Milan Kundera is read as an artist who has something to say on the subject of being. He is also read as an ironist in the postmodern vein, an ironist whose writing shatters reader and author alike. The essay thus runs two processes simultaneously: Firstly it is a quasi-theoretical attempt at establishing Kundera’s idea of being. Secondly it will be an attempt at showing how Kundera’s ironising function is manifested in the novels themselves.

  14. A EMERGÊNCIA DA ENTIDADE DON JUAN NA OBRA DE MILAN KUNDERA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilton Barroso*

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem por objetivo uma análise acerca do comportamento libertino1 dos don Juans2 kunderianos. De posse da compreensão do percurso dessa personagem na historiografia literária, objetiva-se uma comparação analítica dessa figura com as composições de Milan Kundera, tendo como centro de observação os seus universos objetivos e subjetivos de onde se acredita, emanam grandes temas vividos pela humanidade nos tempos atuais. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Donjuanismo; Pós-modernidade; Subjetividade.

  15. Violència i memòria en Milan Kundera

    OpenAIRE

    Tafalla, Marta

    2007-01-01

    Partint de la filosofia de la memòria de TW Adorno, aquest article defensa la tesi deque la literatura té una major capacitat que la història o la filosofia per explicar Enquin consisteixen els règims totalitaris i per salvaguardar la memòria de les seves víctimes. Amb aquest propòsit, pren com a exemple la literatura de l'escriptor txec Milan Kundera yanaliza algunes de les seves obres, especialment El llibre del riure i l'oblit, La insoportablelevedad l'ésser i el seu assaig L'art de...

  16. West Nile Virus (WNV seroprevalence in a blood donors group of Milan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanna Lunghi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A seroprevalence study for anti West Nile virus was carried out among 864 healthy blood donors living in the metropolitan area of Milan by using a commercially available ELISA method. In addition, the performance of a novel ELISA assay for WNV antibodies was assessed. The sero-prevalence rate of WNV antibodies was 0.57% thus showing that WNV is likely circulating also in this up to now unknown area. The overall sensitivity and specificity of the novel ELISA were 99.9% and 45.4%, respectively, well comparable with that of the chosen reference immunoenzimatic method.

  17. Animal poisoning in Italy: 10 years of epidemiological data from the Poison Control Centre of Milan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caloni, F; Cortinovis, C; Rivolta, M; Davanzo, F

    2012-04-21

    From 2000 to 2010, the Poison Control Centre of Milan (CAV), in collaboration with the University of Milan, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Sciences and Technologies for Food Safety, Toxicology Section, collected epidemiological information related to animal poisoning and classified it in an organised and computerised data bank. Data recorded were predominantly related to small animals and to some extent to horses, ruminants and other food-production animals. Few calls were registered involving exotics and no information was recorded on wildlife. The dog was reported to be the most common species involved in animal poisoning, and pesticides constituted the primary group of toxicants. In the case of pets, 'drugs' including veterinary parasiticide and drugs for human use constituted the second class of toxicants responsible for poisoning followed by household products, plants, zootoxins and metals. With regard to horses and farm animals, the second group consisted of phytotoxins, even if only episodically. In Italy, published data on this subject are scarce but this information is crucial for better management of the poisoning of domestic animals in an effort to reduce mortality.

  18. Demonstration of surgical telerobotics and virtual telepresence by Internet + ISDN from Monterey (USA) to Milan (Italy).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rovetta, A; Sala, R; Bressanelli, M; Garavaldi, M E; Lorini, F; Pegoraro, R; Canina, M

    1998-01-01

    This paper deals with the connection which has been held on 8th July 1997 in collaboration with the JPL of the NASA, Pasadena, California, between the Eighth International Conference on the Advanced Robotics (ICAR '97) in course at Monterey, California and the Telerobotics Laboratory of Politecnico di Milano connected in a multipoint teleconference through the MCU of Rome with the Aula Magna of the same Politecnico and the Palace Business of the Giureconsulti of the Chamber of Commerce of Milan. The demonstration has allowed to telecontrol a scara robot of the Sankyo and an ABB robot, which have affected simulations of operations of biopsy to the prostate, to the liver and to the breast, a mechanical hand and a model of a car, disposed in a space destined to reproduce the Martian ground, from Monterey to Milan by means of the INTERNET+ISDN connection from. In fact the event has taken place four days after the landing on Mars happily successful of the spatial probe Pathfinder from which it has gone out the "Sojourner" robot, telecontrolled from the JPL of the NASA, which has begun to take photos of the Martian ground and also some of these images have been transmitted in the course of the connection.

  19. Innovative 3D information system for the restoration and preventive maintenance plan of the Milan Cathedral

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giunta, Giuseppe G.; Di Paola, Eleonora; Morlin Visconti Castiglione, Benigno

    2004-02-01

    The restoration and maintenance of architecturally complex monuments need advanced tools for helping the definition of the working plan and for storing analysing and updating all the data produced. In the case of the Gothic Milan Cathedral a three-dimensional metric support has been developed. It comprises several oriented and connected stereoscopic models which makes it possible, through the stereoscopic vision, to navigate through several photograms, to accurately measure the dimension of architectural details, to draw structures with a millimeter precision. In this way a 3D-CAD model of the facade and of the internal walls of the Milan Cathedral have been created. On those vectorial models, it is possible to insert photos, documents, characterisation data and even to draw thematic maps. For instance, the load bearing structures maps have been realised after a GPR (Ground Penetrating Radar) structural survey. These maps provide structural information (e.g. fractures, block thickness and status, lessons, etc.) extremely useful for planning the restoration and maintenance work. The photogrammetric survey has been proceeded by a 3D laser scanning survey, necessary for providing a preliminary model for planning the work until the complete elaboration of the stereoscopic model. All the data have been updated in the georeferenced and integrated 3D data base of the Cathedral, which now constitutes the necessary support for defining the specific operations.

  20. Preliminary Statistics from the NASA Alphasat Beacon Receiver in Milan, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nessel, James; Zemba, Michael; Morse, Jacquelynne; Luini, Lorenzo; Riva, Carlo

    2015-01-01

    NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) and the Politecnico di Milano (POLIMI) have initiated a joint propagation campaign within the framework of the Alphasat propagation experiment to characterize rain attenuation, scintillation, and gaseous absorption effects of the atmosphere in the 40 gigahertz band. NASA GRC has developed and installed a K/Q-band (20/40 gigahertz) beacon receiver at the POLIMI campus in Milan, Italy, which receives the 20/40 gigahertz signals broadcast from the Alphasat Aldo Paraboni TDP no. 5 beacon payload. The primary goal of these measurements is to develop a physical model to improve predictions of communications systems performance within the Q-band. Herein, we provide an overview of the design and data calibration procedure, and present 6 months of preliminary statistics of the NASA propagation terminal, which has been installed and operating in Milan since May 2014. The Q-band receiver has demonstrated a dynamic range of 40 decibels at an 8-hertz sampling rate. A weather station with an optical disdrometer is also installed to characterize rain drop size distribution for correlation with physical based models.

  1. Sound quality indicators for urban places in Paris cross-validated by Milan data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricciardi, Paola; Delaitre, Pauline; Lavandier, Catherine; Torchia, Francesca; Aumond, Pierre

    2015-10-01

    A specific smartphone application was developed to collect perceptive and acoustic data in Paris. About 3400 questionnaires were analyzed, regarding the global sound environment characterization, the perceived loudness of some emergent sources and the presence time ratio of sources that do not emerge from the background. Sound pressure level was recorded each second from the mobile phone's microphone during a 10-min period. The aim of this study is to propose indicators of urban sound quality based on linear regressions with perceptive variables. A cross validation of the quality models extracted from Paris data was carried out by conducting the same survey in Milan. The proposed sound quality general model is correlated with the real perceived sound quality (72%). Another model without visual amenity and familiarity is 58% correlated with perceived sound quality. In order to improve the sound quality indicator, a site classification was performed by Kohonen's Artificial Neural Network algorithm, and seven specific class models were developed. These specific models attribute more importance on source events and are slightly closer to the individual data than the global model. In general, the Parisian models underestimate the sound quality of Milan environments assessed by Italian people.

  2. Milan Kundera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉,捷克裔小说家,生于捷克布尔诺市。1948年,到首都布拉格读大学。1967年,他的第一部长篇小说《玩笑》在捷克出版,获得巨大成功。曾多次获得国际文学奖,并多次被提名为诺贝尔文学奖的候选人。

  3. On Texts and Interpretations in Hermeneutics——An Application of Milan Kundera’s Life Is Elsewhere

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王微

    2012-01-01

    Hermeneutics is the theory and practice of interpretation,the art of interpreting.Hermeneutics proved to be much bigger than theol ogy or legal theory.To analyze the work Life is Elsewhere written by Milan Kundera by using the theroy of hermeneutics is a new way of analyzing literal works and it may give us a new understanding of this famous works.

  4. The Evolution of the Demand for Post-Compulsory Education in the Urban Area of Milan: Perspectives and Problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasini, Roberto

    1984-01-01

    The consequences of three events on the demand for postcompulsory education in the urban area of Milan are examined: the population growth, the transformation of the city's economy and the consequential trend of the labor market, and the lack of upper-secondary school reform. (MLW)

  5. Organisation and Management of a Complete Bachelor Degree Offered Online at the University of Milan for Ten Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milani, Manuela; Papini, Sabrina; Scaccia, Daniela; Scarabottolo, Nello

    2014-01-01

    This paper is aimed at presenting some reflections on organisation and management of SSRI online: an e-learning initiative started at the University of Milan (Italy) in the academic year 2004/05 and offered to students over the last ten years. The initiative consisted in implementing the online version of an already existing three-year bachelor…

  6. In the Light of the Edict of Milan (313) Religious Liberty and Religious Minorities: Between the Balance and the Challenges

    OpenAIRE

    Serrano Ruiz-Calderón, José Miguel

    2014-01-01

    The Human Rights Institute and the Faculty of Law of the Complutense University of Madrid,together with the International Association for the Defense of Religious Liberty had the great privilege of holding the most momentous event on the passing of the Edict of Milan that has ever taken place in Spain.

  7. Materials for the history of the Ospedale Maggiore of Milan: the Chapter resolutions of the years 1456-1498

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuliana Albini

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The history of charity and assistance in Milan at the end of the Middle Ages has as basic term of reference the documentary sources of the Ospedale Maggiore, the new great hospital result of a long process of reform that took place in the course of the 15th century. The Chapter of the Ospedale Maggiore became a management centre which planned and controlled the activities of other charitable-attendance structures, the most important of them represented in the corporative administrative body of the Ospedale Maggiore itself. The Ospedale Maggiore Chapter left evidence of its meetings and decisions in more than 3000 proceedings, registered in seven records. The board resolutions of the Ospedale Maggiore of Milan are a basic source for the history of hospitals of all Lombardy. Moreover, they shed light on economic, social and political dynamics of the Duchy of Milan at the end of Quattrocento: the organization of the Ospedale Maggiore board highlights on politics and strategies of the ruling groups of Milan and of the Sforza dynasty as well. Object of this work is the edition, in the form of regestum, of the Ospedale Maggiore Chapter resolutions; a map of the country estate, land, farms, mills, of the Ospedale Maggiore, is edited too.

  8. Binder characterisation of mortars used at different ages in the San Lorenzo church in Milan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bertolini, Luca, E-mail: luca.bertolini@polimi.it; Carsana, Maddalena, E-mail: maddalena.carsana@polimi.it; Gastaldi, Matteo, E-mail: matteo.gastaldi@polimi.it; Lollini, Federica, E-mail: federica.lollini@polimi.it; Redaelli, Elena, E-mail: elena.redaelli@polimi.it

    2013-06-15

    The paper describes a study on the mortars of the basilica of San Lorenzo in Milan, which was carried out to support an archaeological study aimed at dating and documenting the construction techniques used throughout the centuries. The church, which was founded between the 4th and 5th century, at the end of the period when Milan was the capital of the Roman Empire, was subjected in time to extensions, collapses and reconstructions that lasted until the Renaissance period and even later on. Thanks to the good state of conservation, San Lorenzo church is a collection of materials and construction techniques throughout a period of more than a millennium. Mortars were investigated in order to compare the binders used for structural elements built in different historical ages. From an archaeological study, samples of mortars attributed to the late Roman period, the Middle Ages and the Renaissance were available. The binder of each sample was separated by the aggregates and it was characterised on the basis of X-ray diffraction analysis, thermogravimetric analysis and scanning electron microscopy. Constituents of the binder were identified and their origin is discussed in order to investigate if they could be attributed to the original composition of the binder or to possible alteration in time due to atmospheric pollution. Results show that, even though the binder is mainly based on magnesian lime, there are significant differences in the microstructure of the binding matrix used in mortars ascribed to the different historical periods. In the Roman period, in correspondence of the structural elements that required higher strength, also hydraulic cocciopesto mortars were detected. Gypsum was found in most samples, which was maybe added intentionally. - Highlights: • Binders of mortars of San Lorenzo church in Milan were investigated. • Roman, Middle Ages and Renaissance samples were studied by XRD, TG and SEM. • Magnesian-lime binders containing silico

  9. Accidental Thawing of Embryos, Cryopreserved for Transfer. Two Italian cases, Milan and Rome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busardò, Francesco P; Vergallo, Gianluca Montanari; Turillazzi, Emanuela; Bolino, Giorgio; Vullo, Annamaria; Frati, Paola

    2016-01-01

    The bioethical and juridical debate on the status of frozen embryos sometimes adds new issues arising from new scientific evidence or by accidental occurrences that bring to the attention of the scientific community the need for new practical solutions. Within this scenario, there have been, in recent years, episodes concerning the accidental thawing of embryos, which have been cryopreserved for transfer. Two Italian cases (the Milan and the Rome cases) are here reported: the Milan case involves a couple undergoing artificial insemination. Three eggs were collected for insemination and two of them had been fertilized. During the night of 8/9 May 2007 a short circuit occurred, resulting in an electricity blackout, which caused the loss of the embryos in culture, which should have been transferred to the woman's uterus on 9 May. The couple applied for damage compensation from the hospital following the loss of the embryos. The case went to Court and the result was a judgment issued by the Milan civil court, which recognized that the centre was to blame for irreparable damage to the embryos. The Rome case, involves two couples (A and B) affected by sterility who applied to an authorized public centre to undergo an ART program. Following the medical procedures, two of the embryos produced were transferred to the woman in couple A and five were frozen, whereas three embryos produced by couple B were transferred to the uterus of the woman and six eggs were cryopreserved in the centre. Two years after the procedure there was an electricity blackout, and the backup electricity generator failed to function, causing the loss of the gametes and the embryos cryopreserved in the centre. Legal proceedings begun by the couples to obtain compensation for damages are still underway. The above reported cases have significantly intensified the bioethical debate on the lawfulness of such practices and on the fate of the cryopreserved embryos, at the same time opening new frontiers in

  10. Performances of the distributed control system of the Milan superconducting cyclotron

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giove, D.; Aghion, F. (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Milan (Italy); Milan Univ. (Italy)); Cuttone, G. (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Catania (Italy))

    1989-04-01

    A three-level network architecture has been implemented for the control system of the Milan superconducting cyclotron. The field level consists of microcontroller board interfaces (analog and digital) connected onto a serial SDLC-like bus (Bitbus) fitted inside each controllable component. At the second level a set of multicomputer-based stations are dedicated to the control of a particular accelerator subsystem. A console node, connected to a DEC microVax II, provides the plant supervisor functions and implements the third level. The main features of the control system will be discussed, with particular care to software architecture. Performances, measured during a preliminary test of the accelerator, will be presented. (orig.).

  11. The tubercular disease in immigrants without documents: new diagnostic settings adopted in Milan, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivani, P; Codecasa, L; Colucci, A; Della Valle, S; Mai, L; Marceca, M; Panizzut, D; Sachsel, E

    2013-01-01

    The tubercular disease (TB) is "the disease of poverty and people in need", spread in the poorest countries and among the less wealthy people of the western world (immigrants). In Italy the health authority has recently defined precise diagnostic and therapeutic patterns for TB. The social and health Association Naga in Milan with the Regional Reference Centre for TB, designed a screening system. In Naga's surgery all the undocumented immigrants, coming to Italy from countries with high TB incidence (> 100/100000) and high immigration rates, are screened by a questionnaire created by the Swiss Lung League; the suspect cases are sent to a designed centre for a second level of investigation. The use of this form allows to set a first selection based on the patients' anamnestic history, thus avoiding the intradermal reaction that, due to its low selectivity, could cause a 4 times higher crowding of the designed secondary centers.

  12. The meteor of the Neighbourhood Contracts through the case of the San Siro district in Milan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Fianchini

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The study deals with the San Siro public housing neighbourhood in Milan, whose size and amount of issues make the district as a system in itself disjointed to the urban context. Features and conditions of this area, would require an hard work (and simultaneously offered great opportunities for researching and field-testing innovative solutions for building and social rehabilitation of the great public housing settlements, as originally outlined in the «Neighbourhood Contracts». On the contrary, funds assigned to this complex by the second competition for «Neighbourhood Contracts», doesn’t seem to have started any innovative process of intervention on built environment, but rather letting an involutional model.

  13. [Clinical and mammographic screening in a district of Milan: organization, social influence and results].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pravettoni, A; Cescon, S; Moro, G; Verga, M; Saibene, F; Micheli, A

    1993-12-01

    A reduction in the mortality rate for breast cancer in women over 50 years undergoing mammographic screening has been reported in many studies. Since the first experience in Florence in 1970, mammographic screenings on a population from different areas of Italy began. We report the experience carried out in the 16th District of Milan among women from 50 to 60 years of age. A promotional activity with the use of local media supported the program. The screening was based on two-view conventional mammography and clinical examination. Immediate response was given to the women. The compliance was 60%. Mainly immigrants, with only primary school education, mothers of several children and freelancers seem to be the main features of the women in the non-attenders group.

  14. Bacterial and fungal deterioration of the Milan Cathedral marble treated with protective synthetic resins

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cappitelli, Francesca [Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari e Microbiologiche, University of Milan, Via Celoria 2, 20133 Milan (Italy)], E-mail: francesca.cappitelli@unimi.it; Principi, Pamela [Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari e Microbiologiche, University of Milan, Via Celoria 2, 20133 Milan (Italy); Pedrazzani, Roberta [Dipartimento di Ingegneria Meccanica, University of Brescia, Via Branze 38, 25123 Brescia (Italy); Toniolo, Lucia [Dipartimento di Chimica, Materiali e Ingegneria Chimica ' Giulio Natta' , Politecnico di Milano, Via Mancinelli 7, 20133 Milan (Italy); Sorlini, Claudia [Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Alimentari e Microbiologiche, University of Milan, Via Celoria 2, 20133 Milan (Italy)

    2007-10-15

    Surfaces are continuously exposed to physical, chemical and biological degradation. Among the biological agents that cause deterioration, microorganisms are of critical importance. This work is part of a research programme for the characterisation of the alterations of the Milan Cathedral (Italy). Four stone samples of the Milan Cathedral were chemically analysed and the microbiological growth assessed. X-ray diffraction (XRD) showed that calcite was always present in each sample and one sample was also characterised by the chemical form of alteration gypsum. Using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) together with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), it was possible to prove that the samples were consolidated with the synthetic acrylics and epoxy resins. The green-black biological patinas of the specimens were studied using cultivation, microscope observations and a method for single-cell detection. Sampling for fluorescent in-situ hybridisation (FISH), with ribosomal RNA targeted oligonucleotide probes, was also performed using adhesive tapes. The bulk of the prokaryotes were Bacteria but some Archaea were also found. The bacterial cells were further characterised using specific probes for Cyanobacteria, and {alpha}-, {beta}-and {gamma}-Proteobacteria. In addition, black fungi isolated from the stone and the fungi of the standard ASTM G21-96(2002) method were employed to test if the detected synthetic resins could be used as the sole source of carbon and energy. One isolated Cladosporium sp. attacked the freshly dried acrylic resin. Results show that the detected bacteria and fungi can cause severe damage both to the stone monument and its synthetic consolidants.

  15. Contribution to fractal Analysis of cities : A Study of metropolitan Area of Milan

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    Rabino Giovanni

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available La présentation de l'analyse fractale de l'aire métropolitaine de Milan part de la description historique de l'évolution du processus d'urbanisation de la ville, de manière à pouvoir mettre en évidence des zones précises, homogènes du point de vue historique, qui seront analysées dans la suite par le biais de la technique fractale. L'analyse fractale de la ville de Milan est menée selon trois approches : l'étude du périmètre de la ville, qui utilise la méthode de la dilatation pour extraire le périmètre et l'analyse de corrélation pour calculer sa dimension fractale ; l'étude de la surface urbanisée dans son ensemble, qui utilise l'analyse de corrélation, de dilatation et du quadrillage ; l'étude de certaines zones de la ville qui ont été décrites dans la première partie de la présentation ; les résultats sont présentés avec une attention particulière au rapport entre la valeur de la dimension fractale et le contexte urbain pour lequel elle est calculée, ainsi qu'à la comparaison des dimensions fractales des différentes zones urbaines prises en considération.

  16. Functional alterations of mesenteric small resistance arteries in Milan hypertensive and normotensive rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzoni, Damiano; Castellano, Maurizio; Porteri, Enzo; Giacchè, Mara; Ferrari, Patrizia; Cusi, Daniele; De Ciuceis, Carolina; Boari, Gianluca E M; Rosei, Enrico Agabiti

    2009-07-01

    The Milan hypertensive rat strain (MHS) is a genetic strain in which cardiovascular phenotypes seem to be dependent, at least in part, on adducin gene polymorphisms. The aim of our study was to evaluate the structure, contractile responses and endothelium-dependent vasodilation in mesenteric small resistance arteries in 12-week-old MHS, (n=7), age-matched Milan normotensive rats (MNS, n=7) and congenic strains in which the DNA segments carrying the alpha-adducin locus from the MHS have been introgressed into the MNS (MNA, n=7). Systolic blood pressure (tail cuff) and left ventricular weight to body weight were measured. Mesenteric small arteries were dissected and mounted on a micromyograph; the media:lumen ratio was then calculated. Concentration-response curves to acetylcholine and to norepinephrine (NE) were created. Systolic blood pressure was significantly increased in the MHS and MNA strains compared with the MNS. No significant difference in mesenteric small resistance artery structure was observed among the groups; however, a slightly more elevated media:lumen ratio was observed in MNA compared with the MNS. In contrast, left ventricular weight to body weight was significantly increased and ACH-induced dilatation was significantly impaired in the MHS and in MNA compared with MNS. The concentration-response curve to NE in the MHS showed significantly reduced sensitivity to NE; however, maximum contraction was increased in the MHS vs. the other groups. The MHS presents cardiac (but not vascular) remodeling, endothelial dysfunction and a peculiar contractile response to NE, compared with the other groups. The systolic blood pressure increase and trend to vascular remodeling in MNA support the pathogenic role of alpha-adducin.

  17. Do Open Geodata Actually have the Quality they Declare? the Case Study of Milan, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brovelli, M. A.; Minghini, M.; Molinari, M. E.; Molteni, M.

    2016-06-01

    In the past number of years there has been an amazing flourishing of spatial data products released with open licenses. Researchers and professionals are extensively exploiting open geodata for many applications, which, in turn, include decision-making results and other (derived) geospatial datasets among their outputs. Despite the traditional availability of metadata, a question arises about the actual quality of open geodata, as their declared quality is typically given for granted without any systematic assessment. The present work investigates the case study of Milan Municipality (Northern Italy). A wide set of open geodata are available for this area which are released by national, regional and local authoritative entities. A comprehensive cataloguing operation is first performed, with 1061 geospatial open datasets from Italian providers found which highly differ in terms of license, format, scale, content, and release date. Among the many quality parameters for geospatial data, the work focuses on positional accuracy. An example of positional accuracy assessment is described for an openly-licensed orthophoto through comparison with the official, up-to-date, and large-scale vector cartography of Milan. The comparison is run according to the guidelines provided by ISO and shows that the positional accuracy declared by the orthophoto provider does not correspond to the reality. Similar results are found from analyses on other datasets (not presented here). Implications are twofold: raising the awareness on the risks of using open geodata by taking their quality for granted; and highlighting the need for open geodata providers to introduce or refine mechanisms for data quality control.

  18. Premise to implement a grading system to evaluate the sanitary level in food service establishments in Milan, Italy

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    Katia Razzini

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The regulatory framework of the official controls on food safety, the criteria and methods from the planning of interventions in the field of official control to the management of information flows, and the standards described in the operation manual of the local competent authorities drafted by the Lombardy Region (2011 were evaluated. A questionnaire consisting of n. 10 questions with multiple answers draft in partnership with EPAM (the Association of Provincial Public Retail and catering businesses in Milan to n. 107 Food service establishments of Milan shows that 92% of managers approve the introduction of a grading system. The regulatory framework is planned to support the implementation of risk assignment, unfortunately the attribution of risk category of retail and catering businesses is still different among regions.

  19. The temporary structures for Expo Milan 2015: environmental assessment and solutions for the end of life management

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    Monica Lavagna

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Politecnico di Milano University worked for the Italian Ministry of Environment, land and sea on the sustainability assessment of Expo Milan 2015 self-built temporary pavilions. The work has been focused on the improvement of the buildings environmental performances. Given the buildings short durability in place (Expo lasts for 6 months, the strategies for their end of life are of great importance for the carbon footprint reduction. Starting from the specific work on Expo Milan 2015, the Politecnico di Milano working group proceeded with the methodology research about this issue, applicable also to future events. This paper presents the different relevant aspects of mega events temporary buildings end of life management; dealing with methodological, technical and managerial aspects.

  20. Mobile Applications as Tool for Exploiting Cultural Heritage in the Region of Turin and Milan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rolando, A.; Scandiffio, A.

    2013-07-01

    visualization of data flows. In the current research, the field of investigation refers both to the territorial scale of Turin - Milan axis, and to the local scale of small cities localized in the territories in between. The research has been applied to Turin - Milan infrastructural axis, with the aim to represent the relationships that can be established between mobility infrastructure and cultural heritage. Such relationships should be intended in terms of accessibility from mobility infrastructure (motorway exit, service areas, railways stations) to cultural heritage localized in the surrounding landscape. The richness of cultural heritage and landscape along the chosen infrastructural bundle represent a great opportunity for territorial development in terms of attractiveness, both for local inhabitants and for tourists. Nowadays, the use of tracking technologies can be applied to investigate tourist flows, behaviors of local inhabitants in the historic city centre, number of visitors in the city and so on. In this sense it is possible to apply these technologies, which are particularly relevant in urban studies, extending them to the territorial scale of the Turin - Milan region. The large amount of available geo-referenced data can be used in different ways and it is very potential for different kind of analysis: it is possible to show tourist flows in the territory, receive information about more visited places, obtain interaction from users and cultural heritage in terms of visitors opinion about the places, give information to tourists about cultural places, monitor the accessibility to the places, understand the use of means of transport and keep under control the impacts of tourism (social, cultural, environmental) on territory. Applications based on smartphones can be considered a powerful device for visitors but also for institutions that are involved in tourism and cultural heritage management. In fact, the use of mobile applications it can produce a real time data

  1. [Voluntary mediation in healthcare disputes: the experience of the "Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori" in Milan (Italy)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tereanu, Carmen; Bettega, Silvia; Regalia, Enrico; Mazza, Roberto; Greco, Margherita; Lozza, Laura; Saita, Luigi; Borreani, Claudia; Quattrocolo, Alberto

    2014-01-01

    The "Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori" ( National Tumour Institute) in Milan (Italy) offers mediation services aimed at restoring communication between patients and healthcare professionals, when their relationship has been altered by a conflict during the diagnosis or treatment process. A method derived from transformative mediation is used. The purpose of mediation is not to examine clinical aspects, nor to identify who is right and who is wrong. Individual sessions are often sufficient to reduce litigation.

  2. [Medical surveillance in university: organizational difficulties, legal problems, scientific e technical specificities. Experience of University of Milan Bicocca].

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Orso, M I; Giuliani, C; Assini, R; Riva, M A; Cesana, G

    2012-01-01

    Our research describes activities of Occupational Health carried out during last year in University of Milan Bicocca by Occupational Doctors. We describe results of medical surveillance in 1153 employees or students exposed to occupational risks for health and safety. We report results obtained, technical difficulties, organizational problems, and preventive actions decided to improve functionality of our activity. Students seem to be less protected and consequently seem to have higher professional safety and health risks.

  3. Le romanesque et la pensée dans La lenteur de Milan Kundera

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    Pascal Riendeau

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Dans La lenteur (1995, Milan Kundera crée quatre récits qui s’entrecroisent (dont une réécriture de Point de lendemain de Vivant Denon et explorent des temporalités distinctes. Cet article cherche à étudier de quelles manières Kundera exploite le romanesque (thématique et générique dans La lenteur et surtout à montrer comment il reste indissociable de la pensée inhérente à tous les romans de l’auteur. En insistant sur l’importance de l’aspect expérimental ou imaginaire de la réflexion romanesque kundérienne, on peut mieux comprendre toutes les possibilités de rencontres entre la pensée et le romanesque. Kundera reprend des éléments plus traditionnels (par exemple le personnage délégué, mais les transforme, tout en ajoutant des concepts spécifiquement romanesques (le danseur ou la mathématique existentielle. La dernière partie de l’article offre un contrepoint en analysant un bref passage de l’essai Le rideau (2005, afin de montrer comment le romanesque s’infiltre également dans l’essai et le refaçonne. In La lenteur (1995, Milan Kundera crafts four interwoven stories (including a rewriting of Vivant Denon’s Point de lendemain that explore distinct temporalities. This article examines the ways in which Kundera utilizes novelistic elements (both thematic and generic in La lenteur and, more particularly, how these elements remain inseparable from the thought inherent to the entirety of his novelistic work. By insisting upon the importance of the experimental or imaginary aspect of Kundera’s reflections upon fiction and the novel, one may better understand all the possible intersections between thought and fiction. Kundera takes up traditional elements of the novel (the personnage délégué, for example, but transforms them, while adding specifically novelistic concepts (the dancer or existential mathematics. The last portion of this article then proposes a counterpoint, by means of an analysis of a

  4. Predictive Factors of Downstaging of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Beyond the Milan Criteria Treated with Intra-arterial Therapies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bova, Valentina; Miraglia, Roberto, E-mail: rmiraglia@ismett.edu; Maruzzelli, Luigi [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies, (ISMETT), Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Vizzini, Giovanni Battista [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies, (ISMETT), Department of Hepatology (Italy); Luca, Angelo [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies, (ISMETT), Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy)

    2013-04-15

    This study was designed to analyze the clinical results in patients suitable for liver transplantation with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who exceeded Milan criteria, which underwent intra-arterial therapies (IAT), to determine predictive factors of successful downstaging. A total of 277 consecutive patients with cirrhosis and HCC were treated by IAT (transarterial oily chemoembolization, transarterial chemoembolization, transarterial embolization) in a single center. Eighty patients exceed the Milan criteria. Patients with infiltrative HCC, hypovascular HCC, and portal vein thrombosis were excluded, with a final study population of 48 patients. Tumor response to IAT was evaluated with CT and/or MRI according to modified RECIST criteria. Successful downstaging was defined as a reduction in the number and size of viable tumors to within the Milan criteria, and serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) <100 ng/mL, for at least 6 months. Nineteen patients (39 %) had their tumors successfully downstaged; 29 patients (61 %) did not. Multivariate analysis showed that AFP level <100 ng/mL and 3-year calculated survival probability using the Metroticket calculator were the only independent predictors of successful downstaging (p < 0.023 and p < 0.049 respectively). Biological characteristics of HCC as AFP levels <100 ng/mL and high 3-year calculated survival probability may predict a good response to downstage after IAT.

  5. Winter fine particulate matter from Milan induces morphological and functional alterations in human pulmonary epithelial cells (A549).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gualtieri, Maurizio; Mantecca, Paride; Corvaja, Viviana; Longhin, Eleonora; Perrone, Maria Grazia; Bolzacchini, Ezio; Camatini, Marina

    2009-07-10

    Samples of PM(2.5) were gravimetrically collected during the winter 2005/2006 in the urban area of Milan (North Italy). Samples were chemically characterized and the particles were detached from filters to determine their cytotoxic effects on the A549 cell line. Based on the potential toxicological relevance of its components, Milan winter PM(2.5) contained high concentrations of pro-oxidant transition metals and PAHs, while re-suspended particles showed a relatively high frequency of dimensional classes ranging from 40 nm to 300 nm. A549 cells exposed to particle suspensions showed a concentration-dependent decrease in viability, starting from 10 microg/cm(2). Phagocytosis of particles by A549 cells and particle aggregates were morphologically characterized and seemed to depend on both particle concentration and exposure time, with the majority of particles being engulfed in membrane-bound vacuoles after 24h of exposure. The ability of ultrafine particles to penetrate and spread throughout the cells was also verified. Cell membrane lysis and mitochondrial ultrastructural disruption appeared to be the main modifications induced by PM(2.5) on A549 cells. Concomitantly to the adverse effects observed in terms of cell mortality and ultrastructural lesions, a significant intracellular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was observed, suggesting that the cytotoxicity, exerted by the winter PM(2.5) in Milan, derived also from its oxidative potential, probably associated with particle-adsorbed metals and PAHs.

  6. Suicide Risk and the Economic Crisis: An Exploratory Analysis of the Case of Milan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merzagora, Isabella; Mugellini, Giulia; Amadasi, Alberto; Travaini, Guido

    2016-01-01

    In the past five years, several scientific articles have claimed that the increase some countries have registered in suicide rates since 2008 is somehow related to the economic crisis. Other research has suggested that the impact of specific economic problems on the probability of suicidal behavior is often mediated by other individual-level factors, mainly psychological and physical, whose negative influence is exacerbated by reductions in the availability of health and social care during an economic crisis. On the basis of almost 1,000 cases of suicide collected by the Institute of Forensic Medicine in the province of Milan, this article aims at testing whether suicidal probability during an economic crisis is influenced by the interaction between an individual’s employment status and the presence of psychological or physical disease. Using a binary logistic regression model, this article demonstrates that the likelihood of suicide during an economic crisis is three times higher for persons affected by a severe disease, either physical or psychological, than for people who are not affected (OR = 3.156; 95% CI = 1.066–9.339; p = 0.38). Neither employment status nor the interaction between employment status and health status contributed to the difference between the suicide rate before and during the economic crisis. PMID:28033341

  7. THE NARRATIVE ART OF CONTEMPLATOR: AN ANALYSIS ON MILAN KUNDERAS WORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma Feng

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Article presented a narrative theoretical analysis on Milan Kunderas works. Its emphasis point lied on the unity of the theory and the practical explanation to the text. Kunderas works joined the unique ponder art and the narrative artistic together, which had led to the work a possible implication that would be much richer. Based on a macroscopic angle, this article used the relative theory, including theories on classic and latter classic narrates study. Then, based on the microscopic angle, this article mainly utilized the narrative theory about the intervention as well as the acceptable aesthetic theory. Whats more, the article did not only carry on a careful narrative analysis on Kunderas creation, but also discussed the profound effect with which the narration brought. This article offered some careful and profound discussions respectively on the narrators and readers intervenes. The narrator intervenes stressed that the narrators narration person, narration method and the narration identity in the work, and discussed the narrator we, illusion narration, parenthesis replenishment narration as well as the Polyphony and reliability which were brought by the narration method and narrators identity. The reader intervene stressed the readers strategy during the connoisseurship and the acceptance process, and also evaluated readers identity during the reading process, and concerned about the lost readers in the garden paths phenomenon and jungle for explanation.

  8. A developmental theory of synaesthesia, with long historical roots: a comment on Hochel & Milan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holcombe, Alex O; Altschuler, Eric L; Over, Harriet J

    2009-03-01

    The recent surge of scientific investigation into synaesthesia, ably reviewed by Hochel and Milan (2008), is representative of an increasing recognition that our various sensory modalities are intimately interconnected rather than separate. The origin of these interconnections is the subject of an intriguing theory by Maurer and Maurer (1988). They suggest that all of us begin life as synaesthetes, with subsequent neural development reducing the connections among the senses. We present some historical roots of the idea that human life begins with the senses intertwined. The influential 18th-century philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau described an early theory of child development in his book Emile (1762), hypothesizing that if "a child had at its birth the stature and strength of a man ... all his sensations would be united in one place, they would exist only in the common 'sensorium'." A half-century later, a young Mary Shelley (1818) brought this idea into popular culture with the Frankenstein creature's recollection of his early experience: "A strange multiplicity of sensations seized me, and I saw, felt, heard, and smelt, at the same time; and it was, indeed, a long time before I learned to distinguish between the operations of my various senses." William James in The Principles of Psychology (1890) expressed a similar idea. In this context, the assumption of many 20th-century scientists that the senses were largely separate appears to be an historical aberration.

  9. [Hygiene-sanitary risks associated with dentistry in the city of Milan. Questionnaire-based survey].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galli, M G; Tesauro, M; Consonni, M

    2000-06-01

    Aim of this investigation is to identify possible sanitary risks connected with the practice of dentistry and to draw up guidelines which may help all those who work in this field. Between April and July 1998, we distributed 231 questionnaires to public and private dental offices in Milan, to evaluate dentists' knowledge of sanitary risks in their practices. One hundred and sixteen of the 231 distributed questionnaires were returned. All the dentists contacted, used protective measures such as gloves, masks, glasses, and high-speed aspirators. Survey responses indicated that the most readily transmittable infectious diseases in dentist's practices are, in order of importance, hepatitis, AIDS, airborne diseases, and herpes. Surgery, endodontics, and the use of sharp instruments most likely lead to transmission of pathogens in both patients and dentists. Dentist's knowledge of out-patient treatment is good whereas their knowledge of the use of disinfectants for dental equipment is poor. The latter suggests the utility of continuing education in this critical aspect of the practice of dentistry.

  10. Entre o passado e o presente do romance moderno: o humor na escrita de Milan Kundera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilton Barroso Filho

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Enquanto pensador da criação estético-romanesca, Milan Kundera assegura que, para refletir acerca da “Arte do Romance” e aquilo que dela se extrai como conhecimento é indispensável procurar entendê-la a partir de dentro de sua própria história; e para ele, quem começou a puxar os fios que teceriam essa história ao longo da modernidade fora o século XVI com François Rabelais. Sendo assim, procurando interpolar o passado ao presente do romance moderno, o humor kunderiano dialoga com a gaiatice do riso rabelaisiano. Entender em que medida esse diálogo permite ao romancista contemporâneo questionar as estruturas sociais bem como a autonomia da criação estética frente ao mundo dominado pela ditadura do idílio, constitui-se no objetivo central desse artigo.

  11. Adverse biological effects of Milan urban PM looking for suitable molecular markers of exposure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mantecca Paride

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The results presented summarise the ones obtained in the coordinated research project Tosca, which extensively analysed the impact of Milan urban PM on human health. The molecular markers of exposure and effects of seasonally and size-fractionated PMs (summer and winter PM10, PM2.5 were investigated in in vitro (human lung cell lines and in vivo (mice systems. The results obtained by the analyses of cytotoxic, pro-inflammatory and genotoxic parameters demonstrate that the biological responses are strongly dependent upon the PM samples seasonal and dimensional variability, that ultimately reflect their chemical composition and source. In fact summer PM10, enriched in crustal elements and endotoxins, was the most cytotoxic and pro-inflammatory fraction, while fine winter PMs induced genotoxic effects and xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes (like CYP1B1 production, likely as a consequence of the higher content in combustion derived particles reach in PAHs and heavy toxic metals. These outcomes outline the need of a detailed knowledge of the PMs physico-chemical composition on a local scale, coupled with the biological hazard directly associated to PM exposure. Apparently this is the only way allowing scientists and police-makers to establish the proper relationships between the respirable PM quantity/quality and the health outcomes described by clinicians and epidemiologists.

  12. Hourly composition of gas and particle phase pollutants at a central urban background site in Milan, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bigi, A.; Bianchi, F.; De Gennaro, G.; Di Gilio, A.; Fermo, P.; Ghermandi, G.; Prévôt, A. S. H.; Urbani, M.; Valli, G.; Vecchi, R.; Piazzalunga, A.

    2017-04-01

    A comprehensive range of gas and particle phase pollutants were sampled at 1-hour time resolution in urban background Milan during summer 2012. Measurements include several soluble inorganic aerosols (Cl-, NO2-, NO3-, SO42-, Ca2+, K+, Mg2+, Na+, NH4+) and gases (HCl, HNO2,HNO3, NH3, NO, NO2,O3, SO2), organic, elemental and black carbon and meteorological parameters. Analysis methods used include mean diurnal pattern on weekdays and Sundays, pollution roses, bivariate polar plots and statistical models using backtrajectories. Results show how nitrous acid (HONO) was mainly formed heterogeneously at nighttime, with a dependence of its formation rate on NO2 consistent with observations during the last HONO campaign in Milan in summer 1998, although since 1998 a drop in HONO levels occurred following to the decrease of its precursors. Nitrate showed two main formation mechanisms: one occurring through N2O5 at nighttime and leading to nitrate formation onto existing particles; another occurring both daytime and nighttime following the homogeneous reaction of ammonia gas with nitric acid gas. Air masses reaching Milan influenced nitrate formation depending on their content in ammonia and the timing of arrival. Notwithstanding the low level of SO2 in Milan, its peaks were associated to point source emissions in the Po valley or shipping and power plant emissions SW of Milan, beyond the Apennines. A distinctive pattern for HCl was observed, featured by an afternoon peak and a morning minimum, and best correlated to atmospheric temperature, although it was not possible to identify any specific source. The ratio of primary-dominated organic carbon and elemental carbon on hourly PM2.5 resulted 1.7. Black carbon was highly correlated to elemental carbon and the average mass absorption coefficient resulted MAC = 13.8 ± 0.2 m2 g-1. It is noteworthy how air quality for a large metropolitan area, in a confined valley and under enduring atmospheric stability, is nonetheless

  13. Assessing Natural Background Levels of aquifers in the Metropolitan Area of Milan (Lombardy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Caro, Mattia; Crosta, Giovanni; Frattini, Paolo

    2016-04-01

    The European Water Framework Directive (WFD 2000/60/CE) requires Member States to evaluate the status of groundwater bodies in order to reach a good water quality for human consumption. One of the preliminary steps for defining the status of groundwater bodies consists in the definition and evaluation of the so-called Natural Background Levels (NBL). The NBL or Baseline level can be defined as "the range of concentration of a given element, isotope or chemical compound in solution, derived entirely from natural, geological, biological or atmospheric sources, under conditions not perturbed by anthropogenic activity" (Edmund and Shand, 2009). The qualitative analysis for a large area (ca 4500 Km2) of the Po Plain around the Milan Metropolitan area (Lombardy, Italy) is presented in this study. Despite the aquifers in the Milan metropolitan area are an incredible groundwater resource for a very large population (3.195.629 inhabitants in the metropolitan area, data at November 2014) and a highly industrialized area, a groundwater baseline characterization is still missing. In order to attain the hydro-geochemical characterization a complete geodatabase was built (120.655 chemical samples from 1980 to 2014). This database has been explored by classical and multivariate statistical analyses to provide relationships among the more influential lithological, hydrogeological and hydro-chemical variables. Finally, the NBLs of different chemical species which may be anthropogenic sensitive (Na, Cl, K, NO3, SO4, NH4, As, Fe, Cr, Fe, Mn, Zn) and for multiple aquifer bodies (phreatic, semi-confined and confined aquifer) are evaluated. Two different approaches are applied: the Pre-Selection method (BRIDGE, 2006) and the Component-Separation method. The first one (PS) consists in the exclusion of samples from the available dataset that could indicate human activities then deriving the NBL as the 90th percentile of the remaining data. The second one (CS) consists in the fitting of

  14. How air pollution influences clinical management of respiratory diseases. A case-crossover study in Milan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santus Pierachille

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Environmental pollution is a known risk factor for multiple diseases and furthermore increases rate of hospitalisations. We investigated the correlation between emergency room admissions (ERAs of the general population for respiratory diseases and the environmental pollutant levels in Milan, a metropolis in northern Italy. Methods We collected data from 45770 ERAs for respiratory diseases. A time-stratified case-crossover design was used to investigate the association between air pollution levels and ERAs for acute respiratory conditions. The effects of air pollutants were investigated at lag 0 to lag 5, lag 0–2 and lag 3–5 in both single and multi-pollutant models, adjusted for daily weather variables. Results An increase in ozone (O3 levels at lag 3–5 was associated with a 78% increase in the number of ERAs for asthma, especially during the warm season. Exposure to carbon monoxide (CO proved to be a risk factor for pneumonia at lag 0–2 and in the warm season increased the risk of ERA by 66%. A significant association was found between ERAs for COPD exacerbation and levels of sulphur dioxide (SO2, CO, nitrate dioxide (NO2, and particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5. The multipollutant model that includes all pollutants showed a significant association between CO (26% and ERA for upper respiratory tract diseases at lag 0–2. For chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD exacerbations, only CO (OR 1.19 showed a significant association. Conclusions Exposure to environmental pollution, even at typical low levels, can increase the risk of ERA for acute respiratory diseases and exacerbation of obstructive lung diseases in the general population.

  15. From groundwater baselines to numerical groundwater flow modelling for the Milan metropolitan area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crosta, Giovanni B.; Frattini, Paolo; Peretti, Lidia; Villa, Federica; Gorla, Maurizio

    2015-04-01

    Contamination of major aquifers in highly densely populated areas is a major concern for stakeholders involved in the use and protection of groundwater resources. Sustainable groundwater withdrawal and management, and the identification of trends in groundwater contamination require a careful hydrochemical baseline characterization. This characterization is fundamental to investigate the presence and evolutionary trend of contaminants. In fact, it allows recovering and understanding: the spatial-temporal trend of contamination; the relative age of the contamination episodes; the reasons for anomalous behavior of some compounds during migration to and in the groundwater; the associations with which some contaminants can be found; the different behaviors in phreatic and semi-confined and confined aquifers. To attain such a characterization for the Milan metropolitan area (about 2,500 km2, ca 4.000.000 inhabitants, Lombardy, Italy), we carried out three main activities. (1) Collection of complete and reliable datasets concerning the geological, hydrogeological and hydrochemical (over 60,000 chemical analysis since 2003 to 2013) characteristics of the area and of the involved aquifers. This activity was very demanding because the available data are provided by different authorities (Lombardy Region, Provinces, Lombardy Environmental Agency - ARPA Lombardia, public own companies in charge of water system managements) in raw format and with different database standard, which required a large effort of manual verification and harmonization. (2) Completion of a hydrochemical characterization of the metropolitan area aquifers by classical statistical and multivariate statistical analyses, in order to define a baseline both for some major physical chemical characteristics and for the most relevant contaminants. (3) Development of a three dimensional hydrogeological model for the metropolitan area starting from the above listed datasets and existing models. This model will

  16. Milan hypertensive rat as a model for studying cation transport abnormality in genetic hypertension

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrari, P.; Barber, B.R.; Torielli, L.; Ferrandi, M.; Salardi, S.; Bianchi, G.

    1987-11-01

    Environmental factors, genetic polymorphisms, and different experimental designs have been the main impediments to evaluating a genetic association between cell membrane cation transport abnormalities and human essential or genetic hypertension. We review the results obtained in the Milan hypertensive strain of rats (MHS) and in its appropriate control normotensive strain (MNS) to illustrate our approach to defining the role of cation transport abnormality in a type of genetic hypertension. Before the development of a difference in blood pressure between the two strains, the comparison of kidney and erythrocyte functions showed that MHS had an increased glomerular filtration rate and urinary output, and lower plasma renin and urine osmolality. Kidney cross-transplantation between the strains showed that hypertension is transplanted with the kidney. Proximal tubular cell volume and sodium content were lower in MHS while sodium transport across the brush border membrane vesicles of MHS was faster. Erythrocytes in MHS were smaller and had lower sodium concentration, and Na+-K+ cotransport and passive permeability were faster. The differences in volume, sodium content, and Na+-K+ cotransport between erythrocytes of the two strains persisted after transplantation of bone marrow to irradiated F1 (MHS X MNS) hybrids. Moreover, in normal segregating F2 hybrid populations there was a positive correlation between blood pressure and Na+-K+ cotransport. These results suggest a genetic and functional link in MHS between cell membrane cation transport abnormalities and hypertension. Thus, erythrocyte cell membrane may be used for approaching the problem of defining the genetically determined molecular mechanism underlying the development of a type of essential hypertension. 35 references.

  17. The Narrative Art of Contemplator: An Analysis on Milan Kundera’s Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma Feng

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Article presented a narrative theoretical analysis on Milan Kundera’s works. Its emphasis point lied on the unity of the theory and the practical explanation to the text. Kundera’s works joined the unique ponder art and the narrative artistic together, which had led to the work a possible implication that would be much richer. Based on a macroscopic angle, this article used the relative theory, including theories on classic and latter classic narrates study. Then, based on the microscopic angle, this article mainly utilized the narrative theory about “the intervention” as well as the acceptable aesthetic theory. What’s more, the article did not only carry on a careful narrative analysis on Kundera’s creation, but also discussed the profound effect with which the narration brought. This article offered some careful and profound discussions respectively on the narrator’s and reader’s intervenes. The narrator intervenes stressed that the narrator’s “narration person, narration method and the narration identity” in the work, and discussed the narrator “we”, illusion narration, parenthesis replenishment narration as well as the Polyphony and reliability which were brought by the narration method and narrator’s identity. The reader intervene stressed the reader’s strategy during the connoisseurship and the acceptance process, and also evaluated reader’s identity during the reading process, and concerned  about the lost readers in the “garden paths phenomenon and jungle for explanation”.  

  18. Hydrogeochemical characterization and Natural Background Levels in urbanized areas: Milan Metropolitan area (Northern Italy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Caro, Mattia; Crosta, Giovanni B.; Frattini, Paolo

    2017-04-01

    Although aquifers in densely populated and industrialized areas are extremely valuable and sensitive to contamination, an estimate of the groundwater quality status relative to baseline conditions is lacking for many of them. This paper provides a hydrogeochemical characterization of the groundwater in the Milan metropolitan area, one of the most densely populated areas in Europe. First, a conceptual model of the study area based on the analysis of the spatial distribution of natural chemical species and indicator contaminants is presented. The hydrochemical facies of the study area depend on the lithology of catchments drained by the main contributing rivers and on the aquifer settings. The anthropogenic influence on the groundwater quality of superficial aquifers is studied by means of probability plots, concentration versus depth plots and spatial-temporal plots for nitrate, sulfate and chloride. These allow differentiation of contaminated superficial aquifers from deep confined aquifers with baseline water quality. Natural Background Levels (NBL) of selected species (Cl, Na, NH4, SO4, NO3, As, Fe, Mn and Zn) are estimated by means of the pre-selection (PS) and the component separation (CS) statistical approaches. The NBLs depend on hydrogeological settings of the study area; sodium, chloride, sulfate and zinc NBL values never exceed the environmental water quality standards. NBL values of ammonium, iron, arsenic and manganese exceed the environmental water quality standards in the anaerobic portion of the aquifers. On the basis of observations, a set of criteria and precautions are suggested for adoption with both PS and CS methods in the aquifer characterization of highly urbanized areas.

  19. LIN28 expression and prognostic value in hepatocellular carcinoma patients who meet the Milan criteria and undergo hepatectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Ji-Liang; Huang, Pin-Zhu; You, Jing-Hong; Zou, Ru-Hai; Wang, Li; Hong, Jian; Li, Bin-Kui; Zhou, Kai; Yuan, Yun-Fei

    2012-05-01

    Stem cell marker LIN28, related closely with SOX2 and OCT4, has been studied as a biomarker for the maintainance of pluripotent cells in several malignancies. Our previous study showed that SOX2 and OCT4 were negative predictors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the predictive value of LIN28 in HCC outcome is still undetermined. We hypothesized that LIN28 may also play a role as a biomarker for HCC. To test this hypothesis, we examined the expression of LIN28 in 129 radically resected HCC tissues using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and analyzed the association of LIN28 expression with clinicopathologic features and prognosis. Our study showed that LIN28 was expressed at a higher frequency in tumor tissues than in non-HCC tissues (45.0% vs. 21.7%, P = 0.020). Moreover, LIN28 expression was significantly increased in cases with large tumor size (P = 0.010). Univariate analysis did not reveal a significant correlation between LIN28 expression and overall survival or recurrence-free survival. For HCC patients who met the Milan criteria, stratified analysis revealed shorter overall survival (P = 0.007) and recurrence-free survival (P LIN28 expression compared to those with no detectable LIN28 expression. Furthermore, multivariate analysis revealed that LIN28 was a negative independent predictor for both overall survival (hazard ratio= 7.093, P = 0.017) and recurrence-free survival (hazard ratio=5.518, P = 0.004) in patients who met the Milan criteria. Taken together, our results suggest that LIN28 identifies low-risk and high-risk subsets of HCC patients meeting the Milan criteria who undergo hepatectomy.

  20. [Accreditation criteria and quality standards for Poisons centres: development of a quality management system within the Milan Poisons centre].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Della Puppa, Tiziana; Manfrè, Sergio; Grezzi, Marinella

    2006-01-01

    Poisons centres throughout Italy and Europe vary considerably in terms of their institutions and organisation. The European Association of Poisons Centres and Clinical Toxicologists (EAPCCT) has laid down the activities that a poisons centre must carry out, specifying minimum and maximum standards required. These directions allow an evaluation of the service provided. In 2002 Milan Poisons Centre began a project aiming to introduce concepts and methodology proper of the quality systems within poisons centres' institutional activity. Concluded, the project resulted in the centre's certification and the documentation of its procedures: this may now contribute to help define the status and activity of poisons centres in Italy.

  1. NE.TIGER Receives Exclusive Invitation from Sino-ltalian Fashion Summit to Launch Haute Couture Huafu Show in Milan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    China's prominent fashion brand NETIGER was exclusively invited to launch its Haute Couture "Huafu" collection at the Sino-ltalian Fashion Summit 2012, held on the evening of September 7, 2012, in the Sala Tepolo of Palace Cierici, Milan's historic and fabled landmark. The nearly 200 chief executives and representatives from across China and Italy's fashion and luxury industries who participated in the launch event were all deeply impressed by NETiGER's splendid designs that masterly captured the essence of China's 5,000 years of civilization.

  2. Vertical profiles of aerosol absorption coefficient from micro-Aethalometer data and Mie calculation over Milan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrero, L; Mocnik, G; Ferrini, B S; Perrone, M G; Sangiorgi, G; Bolzacchini, E

    2011-06-15

    Vertical profiles of aerosol number-size distribution and black carbon (BC) concentration were measured between ground-level and 500m AGL over Milan. A tethered balloon was fitted with an instrumentation package consisting of the newly-developed micro-Aethalometer (microAeth® Model AE51, Magee Scientific, USA), an optical particle counter, and a portable meteorological station. At the same time, PM(2.5) samples were collected both at ground-level and at a high altitude sampling site, enabling particle chemical composition to be determined. Vertical profiles and PM(2.5) data were collected both within and above the mixing layer. Absorption coefficient (b(abs)) profiles were calculated from the Aethalometer data: in order to do so, an optical enhancement factor (C), accounting for multiple light-scattering within the filter of the new microAeth® Model AE51, was determined for the first time. The value of this parameter C (2.05±0.03 at λ=880nm) was calculated by comparing the Aethalometer attenuation coefficient and aerosol optical properties determined from OPC data along vertical profiles. Mie calculations were applied to the OPC number-size distribution data, and the aerosol refractive index was calculated using the effective medium approximation applied to aerosol chemical composition. The results compare well with AERONET data. The BC and b(abs) profiles showed a sharp decrease at the mixing height (MH), and fairly constant values of b(abs) and BC were found above the MH, representing 17±2% of those values measured within the mixing layer. The BC fraction of aerosol volume was found to be lower above the MH: 48±8% of the corresponding ground-level values. A statistical mean profile was calculated, both for BC and b(abs), to better describe their behaviour; the model enabled us to compute their average behaviour as a function of height, thus laying the foundations for valid parametrizations of vertical profile data which can be useful in both remote sensing

  3. Asbestos Lung Burden in Necroscopic Samples from the General Population of Milan, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casali, Michelangelo; Carugno, Michele; Cattaneo, Andrea; Consonni, Dario; Mensi, Carolina; Genovese, Umberto; Cavallo, Domenico Maria; Somigliana, Anna; Pesatori, Angela Cecilia

    2015-08-01

    The present study analysed the asbestos lung burden in necroscopic samples from 55 subjects free from asbestos-related diseases, collected between 2009 and 2011 in Milan, Italy. Multiple lung samples were analysed by light microscopy (asbestos bodies, AB) and EDXA-scanning electron microscopy (asbestos fibres and other inorganic fibres). Asbestos fibres were detected in 35 (63.6%) subjects, with a higher frequency for amphiboles than for chrysotile. Commercial (CA) and non-commercial amphiboles (NCA) were found in roughly similar frequencies. The estimated median value was 0.11 million fibres per gram of dry lung tissue (mf g(-1)) for all asbestos, 0.09 mf g(-1) for amphiboles. In 44 (80.0%) subjects no chrysotile fibres were detected. A negative relationship between asbestos mass-weighted fibre count and year of birth (and a corresponding positive increase with age) was observed for amphiboles [-4.15%, 95% confidence interval (CI) = -5.89 to -2.37], talc (-2.12%, 95% CI = -3.94 to -0.28), and Ti-rich fibres (-3.10%, 95% CI = -5.54 to -0.60), but not for chrysotile (-2.84%, 95% CI = -7.69 to 2.27). Residential district, birthplace, and smoking habit did not affect the lung burden of asbestos or inorganic fibres. Females showed higher burden only for amphiboles (0.12 versus 0.03 mf g(-1) in males, P = 0.07) and talc fibres (0.14 versus 0 mf g(-1) in males, P = 0.03). Chrysotile fibres were shorter and thinner than amphibole fibres and NCA fibres were thicker than CA ones. The AB prevalence was 16.4% (nine subjects) with concentrations ranging from 10 to 110 AB g(-1) dry, well below the 1000 AB g(-1) threshold for establishing occupational exposure. No AB were found in subjects younger than 30 years. Our study demonstrated detectable levels of asbestos fibres in a sample taken from the general population. The significant increase with age confirmed that amphibole fibres are the most representative of cumulative exposure. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford

  4. The fate of the postmodern world: On melancholy and rebellion by Milan Mihajlović

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuksanović Ivana

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The musical oeuvre of Milan Mihajlović (b. 1945 enjoys a high reputation and position in contemporary Serbian music. This has been proven by the many awards he has received, countless performances of his compositions at home and abroad, and especially by the warm and approving reactions of the audience. The stylistic consistency in his oeuvre is a result of his creative use of Scriabin’s scale. The concept of this scale was first theoretically elaborated in an extensive study written by Mihajlović in 1980 and, since then the scale has been functioning as a crucial cohesive element in all Mihajlović’s compositions. The novelty in his oeuvre, composed during the 1990s, were intertextual references made by using citations from his own works and those of other composers (Monteverdi, Mozart, Stravinsky, Rachmaninov, Vasilije Mokranjac. The most characteristic features of his mature style are also recognizable in his recent works Melancholy (2014 and Rebellion (2015. The interval structure of Skriabin’s scale is projected along the horizontal (melodical and vertical (harmonical axes of the both works while the formal design resulted from shifts of tensions and relaxations. Developmental sections are based on variation and improvisation of the small number of different motifs (three basic ones in Melancholy, four in Rebellion above the metrically moveable ostinato layers and the releases are marked by change of tempo, dynamic, meter and texture. The most significant and radical release is the one which marks the abrupt ending of Rebellion by the physical gesture of slamming down the keyboard lid. As the composition was written for the BUNT festival (Belgrade it fits the festival’s idea of expressing resistance to the government’s neglect of academic musicians and institutions. In the wider sense, it becomes a sign of the resistance to the world we live in, and that is the world of lost ideals. Both works are composed for the wind

  5. Electrotherapy in the treatment of patients affected by rabies: experiments conducted at the "Maggiore" hospital of Milan in 1865.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marinozzi, Silvia; Gulino, Matteo; Gazzaniga, Valentina

    2016-12-01

    During the nineteenth century, the scientific context of rabies treatment was weak due to the lack of the literature on specific nosology of the rabies disease, and unspecific and ineffective therapy approaches. Electrotherapy already represented an important therapeutic approach for nervous system diseases, although not specifically for rabies. In the present paper, the authors discuss the use of electrotherapy in the treatment of humans affected by rabies in an experimental study conducted at the Maggiore Hospital of Milan, with the aim of establishing the discovery of a possible specific therapy. By analyzing the printed scientific sources available in the Braidense Library of Milan, the authors describe four experiments conducted on patients of different ages. Symptoms and effects both during and after the electrotherapy are also highlighted. The experiments demonstrated that electricity is not an effective therapy in the treatment of rabies, being rather able to cause serious functional and organic alterations in all the patients. Analyzing the Milanese experiments, the authors reported specific Italian history of a scientific and medical approach to rabies at the end of the 18th century, which led to the promotion of health education, reinforced prevention strategies and opened the way to the vaccination era.

  6. [Incidence of oxyuriasis in a schoolchild population in Milan, with socio-economic correlations. Verification of the therapeutic effectiveness of pyrantel pamoate].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moretti, G; Palmaro, F; Cruccu, V; Simonelli, E

    1977-01-01

    440 children aged between 3 and 5 were examined for Oxyuriasis in three schools of Milan during three different days. 31% of the children resulted parasited by Enterobius vermicularis: a clear correlation between parasitosis and socio-economic condition has been demonstrated. Treatment with "pirantel pamoate" has been proved effective in 88% of the cases.

  7. Christianity in the Graeco-Roman World: Socio-Political, Philosophical, and Religious Interactions up to the Edict of Milan (CE 313)

    OpenAIRE

    van Kooten, G.H.; Bingham, D.J.

    2010-01-01

    George H. van Kooten, “Christianity in the Graeco-Roman World: Socio-Political, Philosophical, and Religious Interactions up to the Edict of Milan (CE 313),” in The Routledge Companion to Early Christian Thought (ed. D. Jeffrey Bingham; London and New York: Routledge, 2010), 3-37.

  8. Christianity in the Graeco-Roman World : Socio-Political, Philosophical, and Religious Interactions up to the Edict of Milan (CE 313)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Kooten, G.H.; Bingham, D.J.

    2010-01-01

    George H. van Kooten, “Christianity in the Graeco-Roman World: Socio-Political, Philosophical, and Religious Interactions up to the Edict of Milan (CE 313),” in The Routledge Companion to Early Christian Thought (ed. D. Jeffrey Bingham; London and New York: Routledge, 2010), 3-37.

  9. Analysis of 16 years of homicides and suicides involving the use of weapons recorded at the Milan Medicolegal Bureau.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentile, Guendalina; Clerici, Carlo; De Micheli, Angelo; Merzagora, Isabella; Palazzo, Elisa; Rancati, Alessandra; Veneroni, Laura; Zoja, Riccardo

    2013-01-01

    The criminal use of weapons is a very topical issue in the industrialized countries and worldwide, and a reconsideration of the legislation governing their possession is warranted. We retrospectively analyzed the homicides and suicides involving the use of firearms and piercing and/or cutting weapons recorded at the Medicolegal Bureau in Milan from January 1, 1993, to December 31, 2008. First we considered the clinical histories of the deceased and the circumstantial details of their deaths, then we examined the data relating to the cause of death recorded in the autopsy reports. Our case series consisted of 414 homicides (54.2%) and 350 suicides (45.8%). Firearms were responsible for more deaths (64%) than piercing and/or cutting weapons (36%). The firearms involved were legally licensed in 40% of cases (suicides) and illegal in 22% (homicides). Our findings suggest the need to review the criteria considered for the issue of firearms licenses, in Italy at least.

  10. A multi-source dataset of urban life in the city of Milan and the Province of Trentino

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlacchi, Gianni; de Nadai, Marco; Larcher, Roberto; Casella, Antonio; Chitic, Cristiana; Torrisi, Giovanni; Antonelli, Fabrizio; Vespignani, Alessandro; Pentland, Alex; Lepri, Bruno

    2015-10-01

    The study of socio-technical systems has been revolutionized by the unprecedented amount of digital records that are constantly being produced by human activities such as accessing Internet services, using mobile devices, and consuming energy and knowledge. In this paper, we describe the richest open multi-source dataset ever released on two geographical areas. The dataset is composed of telecommunications, weather, news, social networks and electricity data from the city of Milan and the Province of Trentino. The unique multi-source composition of the dataset makes it an ideal testbed for methodologies and approaches aimed at tackling a wide range of problems including energy consumption, mobility planning, tourist and migrant flows, urban structures and interactions, event detection, urban well-being and many others.

  11. An air-mass trajectory study of the transport of radioactivity from Fukushima to Thessaloniki, Greece and Milan, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ioannidou, A.; Giannakaki, E.; Manolopoulou, M.; Stoulos, S.; Vagena, E.; Papastefanou, C.; Gini, L.; Manenti, S.; Groppi, F.

    2013-08-01

    Analyses of 131I, 137Cs and 134Cs in airborne aerosols were carried out in daily samples at two different sites of investigation: Thessaloniki, Greece (40° N) and Milan, Italy (45° N) after the Fukushima accident during the period of March-April, 2011. The radionuclide concentrations were determined and studied as a function of time. The 131I concentration in air over Milan and Thessaloniki peaked on April 3-4, 2011, with observed activities 467 μBq m-3 and 497 μBq m-3, respectively. The 134Cs/137Cs activity ratio values in air were around 1 in both regions, related to the burn-up history of the damaged nuclear fuel of the destroyed nuclear reactor. The high 131I/137Cs ratio, observed during the first days after the accident, followed by lower values during the following days, reflects not only the initial release ratio but also the different volatility, attachment and removal of the two isotopes during transportation due to their different physico-chemical properties. No artificial radionuclides could be detected in air after April 28, 2011 in both regions of investigation. The different maxima of airborne 131I and 134,137Cs in these two regions were related to long-range air mass transport from Japan, across the Pacific and to Central Europe. Analysis of backward trajectories was used to confirm the arrival of artificial radionuclides following atmospheric transport and processing. HYSPLIT backward trajectories were applied for the interpretation of activity variations of measured radionuclides.

  12. NKCC2 is activated in Milan hypertensive rats contributing to the maintenance of salt-sensitive hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmosino, Monica; Rizzo, Federica; Ferrari, Patrizia; Torielli, Lucia; Ferrandi, Mara; Bianchi, Giuseppe; Svelto, Maria; Valenti, Giovanna

    2011-08-01

    The Milan hypertensive strain of rats (MHS) develops hypertension as a consequence of the increased tubular Na(+) reabsorption sustained by enhanced expression and activity of the renal tubular Na-K-ATPase. To verify whether the Na-K-2Cl cotransporter (NKCC2) is involved in the maintenance of hypertension in MHS rats, we have analysed the phosphorylation state and the activation of NKCC2 in Milan rats. Western blotting and immunofluorescence experiments were performed using specific antibodies against the regulatory phospho-threonines in the NKCC2 N terminus (R5 antibody). The phosphorylation levels of NKCC2 were significantly increased in the kidney of MHS rats. Moreover, the administration of furosemide in vivo decreased the blood pressure and increased the urine output and natriuresis in MHS rats demonstrating the actual involvement of NKCC2 activity in the pathogenesis of hypertension in this strain of rats. The up-regulation of NKCC2 activity is most probably mediated by a STE20/SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase (SPAK) phosphorylation at serine-325 since it was significantly increased in MHS rats. Interestingly, aldosterone treatment caused an increase in NKCC2 phosphorylation in NKCC2-expressing MDCK cells. In conclusion, we demonstrated an increase in the activity of NKCC2 along the TAL that significantly contributes to the increase in systemic blood pressure in MHS rats. The elevated plasma levels of aldosterone, found in MHS rats, may influence Na(+) balance through a SPAK-dependent regulation of NKCC2 accounting for the maintenance of the hypertensive state in MHS rats.

  13. Something going on in Milan: a review of the 4th International PhD Student Cancer Conference.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segré, C

    2010-01-01

    The 4th International PhD Student Cancer Conference was held at the IFOM-IEO-Campus in Milan from 19-21 May 2010 http://www.semm.it/events_researchPast.phpThe Conference covered many topics related to cancer, from basic biology to clinical aspects of the disease. All attendees presented their research, by either giving a talk or presenting a poster. This conference is an opportunity to introduce PhD students to top cancer research institutes across Europe.THE CORE PARTICIPANTING INSTITUTES INCLUDED: European School of Molecular Medicine (SEMM)-IFOM-IEO Campus, MilanBeatson Institute for Cancer Research (BICR), GlasgowCambridge Research Institute (CRI), Cambridge, UKMRC Gray Institute of Radiation Biology (GIROB), OxfordLondon Research Institute (LRI), LondonPaterson Institute for Cancer Research (PICR), ManchesterThe Netherlands Cancer Institute (NKI), Amsterdam'You organizers have crushed all my prejudices towards Italians. Congratulations, I enjoyed the conference immensely!' Even if it might have sounded like rudeness for sure this was supposed to be a genuine compliment (at least, that's how we took it), also considering that it was told by a guy who himself was the fusion of two usually antithetical concepts: fashion style and English nationality.The year 2010 has marked an important event for Italian research in the international scientific panorama: the European School of Molecular Medicine (SEMM) had the honour to host the 4th International PhD Student Cancer Conference, which was held from 19-21 May 2010 at the IFOM-IEO-Campus (http://www.semm.it/events_researchPast.php) in Milan.The conference was attended by more than one hundred students, coming from a selection of cutting edge European institutes devoted to cancer research. The rationale behind it is the promotion of cooperation among young scientists across Europe to debate about science and to exchange ideas and experiences. But that is not all, it is also designed for PhD students to get in touch

  14. The Tide Backand Forth--Looking for 2016 Milan International Furniture Design Trends(Ⅱ)%潮起潮落来来去去--寻觅2016米兰国际家具设计趋势(下)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭亮

    2016-01-01

    This paper made a comprehensive analysis on the design information of Milan International Furniture Fair and Milan design week in 2016, especially made a system research on the Italian furniture industry and design innovation system, Milan International Furniture Fair and Milan Triennale, and for China’s furniture industry in Milan Learning Paths are summarized. Reifned the trend of the 2016 Milan design trends and design brand case analysis, hope for China’s household business transformation and upgrading and the future development of China’s design industry has a reference value.%本文对2016年米兰国际家具展与米兰设计周的设计资讯进行了综合分析,特别是对意大利家具产业与设计创新体系、米兰国际家具展与米兰三年展等进行了系统的研究,并且对中国家具企业的米兰学习路径进行了总结。提炼了2016米兰设计潮流趋势关键词与设计品牌的案例分析,希望对中国家居企业的转型升级与中国设计创意产业的未来发展具有参考价值。

  15. 1-hour time resolution data of PM2.5 composition and gaseous precursors in background Milan: pollution sources and atmospheric processes, and their implications for air quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bigi, Alessandro; Bianchi, Federico; De Gennaro, Gianluigi; Di Gilio, Alessia; Fermo, Paola; Ghermandi, Grazia; Prévôt, André; Urbani, Monia; Valli, Gianluigi; Vecchi, Roberta; Piazzalunga, Andrea

    2017-04-01

    Aim of this study is the investigation of processes leading to atmospheric pollutants formation and ageing in Milan, Po valley, i.e. one of the main hotspot region in Europe. Few 1-hour time resolution campaigns were accomplished in Milan urban area and none of these dealt with simultaneous characterization of atmospheric pollutants in both gas and particle phase. The present study is based on a thorough analysis of hourly data of atmospheric pollutants and of main PM2.5 compounds, and it includes several soluble inorganic aerosols (Cl-, NO2-, NO3-, SO42-, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Na+, NH4+), gases (HCl, HNO2, HNO3, NH3, NO, NO2, O3, SO2) organic, elemental and black carbon and meteorological parameters. The data proceed from an intensive sampling campaign in urban background Milan in summer 2012 (Bigi et al., 2017). Data analysis methods used include mean diurnal pattern on weekdays and Sundays, pollution roses, bivariate polar plots and statistical models using backtrajectories. Results show how nitrous acid (HONO) was mainly formed heterogeneously at nighttime, with a dependence of its formation rate on NO2 consistent with observations during the last HONO campaign in Milan in summer 1998, although since 1998 a drop in HONO levels occurred following to the decrease of its precursors. Nitrate showed two main formation mechanisms: one occurring through N2O5 at nighttime and leading to nitrate formation onto existing particles; another occurring both daytime and nighttime following the homogeneous reaction of ammonia gas with nitric acid gas. Air masses reaching Milan influenced nitrate formation depending on their content in ammonia and the timing of arrival. Notwithstanding the low level of SO2 in Milan, its peaks were associated to point source emissions in the Po valley or shipping and power plant emissions SW of Milan, beyond the Apennines. A distinctive pattern for HCl was observed, featured by an afternoon peak and a morning minimum, and best correlated to

  16. Long-term follow up of patients affected by pulmonary carcinoid at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori of Milan: a retrospective analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Pusceddu, S.; Catena, L; Valente, M.; Buzzoni, R.; Formisano, B.; Del Vecchio, M.; Ducceschi, M; Tavecchio, L.; Fabbri, A; Bajetta, E

    2010-01-01

    Neuroendocrine tumors of the lung involve an heterogeneous group of tumors representing a wide range of histological variants, from well-differentiated typical carcinoid (TC) tumors to poorly differentiated small cell carcinomas. The epidemiology, clinical outcome, and management of these neoplasms differ significantly from other lung malignancies. The main aim of this report consists in describing the single Center experience of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori of Milan on neuroendocrine lung t...

  17. MicroRNA profile predicts recurrence after resection in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma within the Milan Criteria.

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    Fumiaki Sato

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC is difficult to manage due to the high frequency of post-surgical recurrence. Early detection of the HCC recurrence after liver resection is important in making further therapeutic options, such as salvage liver transplantation. In this study, we utilized microRNA expression profiling to assess the risk of HCC recurrence after liver resection. METHODS: We examined microRNA expression profiling in paired tumor and non-tumor liver tissues from 73 HCC patients who satisfied the Milan Criteria. We constructed prediction models of recurrence-free survival using the Cox proportional hazard model and principal component analysis. The prediction efficiency was assessed by the leave-one-out cross-validation method, and the time-averaged area under the ROC curve (ta-AUROC. RESULTS: The univariate Cox analysis identified 13 and 56 recurrence-related microRNAs in the tumor and non-tumor tissues, such as miR-96. The number of recurrence-related microRNAs was significantly larger in the non-tumor-derived microRNAs (N-miRs than in the tumor-derived microRNAs (T-miRs, P<0.0001. The best ta-AUROC using the whole dataset, T-miRs, N-miRs, and clinicopathological dataset were 0.8281, 0.7530, 0.7152, and 0.6835, respectively. The recurrence-free survival curve of the low-risk group stratified by the best model was significantly better than that of the high-risk group (Log-rank: P = 0.00029. The T-miRs tend to predict early recurrence better than late recurrence, whereas N-miRs tend to predict late recurrence better (P<0.0001. This finding supports the concept of early recurrence by the dissemination of primary tumor cells and multicentric late recurrence by the 'field effect'. CONCLUSION: MicroRNA profiling can predict HCC recurrence in Milan criteria cases.

  18. Radiofrequency ablation versus surgical resection for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma conforming to the Milan criteria: systemic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Hui-Ming; Zhang, Wei; Ai, Xi; Li, Kai-Yan; Deng, You-Bin

    2014-01-01

    Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is a promising ablation technique and has become one of the best alternatives for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. But whether RFA or surgical resection (SR) is the better treatment for HCC conforming to the Milan criteria has long been debated. A meta-analysis of trials that compared RFA versus SR was conducted regarding the survival rate and recurrence rate. Pooled odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated using fixed or random effects models. Nineteen studies, comprising 2 randomized controlled trials and 17 non-randomized controlled trials, were included with a total of 2895 patients. The 5 years overall survival rate for SR group was significantly higher than that for RFA group. In the SR group, the local recurrence rate was significantly lower when compared with the RFA group. This meta-analysis yielded no significant differences between laparoscopic RFA and SR in 5-year overall survival rate. In conclusion, surgical resection remains the better choice of treatment for HCC conforming to the Milan criteria, whereas RFA should be considered as an effective alternative treatment when surgery is not feasible. As for RFA technique, laparoscopic approach may be more effective than percutaneous approach for HCC conforming to Milan criteria.

  19. Multiple Tumors Located in the Same Section Are Associated with Better Outcomes After Hepatic Resection for HCC Patients Meeting the Milan Criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lv, Tao; Jiang, Li; Yan, Lunan; Yang, Jiayin; Li, Bo; Wen, Tianfu; Zeng, Yong; Wang, Wentao; Xu, Mingqing

    2015-12-01

    The impact of the tumor location on the outcome after hepatic resection (HR) in multifocal hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of HR patients with multifocal tumors meeting the Milan criteria and tumors located in the same or different sections. A total of 219 consecutive HR patients with multifocal tumors meeting the Milan criteria were divided into group SS (n = 97; same section) and group DS (n = 122; different sections) according to their anatomical location (Couinaud's segmentation). The prognostic predictors were evaluated, and a subgroup analysis was performed. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates were significantly higher in group SS than group DS. The subgroup analysis showed that patients with two tumors in the same section and patients undergoing en bloc resection had better OS and RFS. A multivariate analysis revealed that tumors located in different sections and macrovascular invasion were independent predictors of poor prognosis. In HCC patients with multifocal tumors meeting the Milan criteria, tumors located in the same hepatic section may lead to better long-term survival and lower HCC recurrence rates than tumors in different sections after HR.

  20. Evaluation of various organic fertilizer substrates and hydraulic retention times for enhancing anaerobic degradation of explosives-contaminated groundwater while using constructed wetlands at the Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Milan, Tennessee. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Behrends, L.L.; Almond, R.A.; Kelly, D.A.; Phillips, W.D.; Rogers, W.J.

    1998-05-01

    This document describes studies conducted at the Milan Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP) to improve the design, operation, and cost of gravel-based anaerobic cells when phytoremediating explosives-contaminated groundwater. To conduct this study, small-scale anaerobic test cells were used to determine: (1) If the hydraulic retention time of a large demonstration-scale anaerobic cell at MAAP could be reduced, and (2) if other carbon sources could be used as an anaerobic feedstock. The study results indicated that: (1) The existing anaerobic cell`s 7.5-day retention time should not be reduced since residual explosive by-products were present in the effluent of treatments with a 3.5-day retention time. (2) Daily application of a relatively soluble substrate, such as molasses syrup, will provide better explosives removal than periodic application of less soluble substrates like milk replacement starter and sewage sludge. (3) Molasses syrup could be, and should be, used as a substitute for milk replacement power. The recommendation to use molasses syrup was based on: (1) The lower cost of molasses syrup as compared to milk replacement starter, (2) molasses syrup`s higher solubility (which makes it easier to apply), and (3) molasses syrup`s ability to provide enhanced explosives removal.

  1. Simple Risk Score for Prediction of Early Recurrence of Hepatocellular Carcinoma within the Milan Criteria after Orthotopic Liver Transplantation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, Jiliang; Wu, Jushan; Zhu, Ruidong; Feng, Dezhao; Yu, Lu; Zhang, Yan; Bu, Dayu; Li, Chenlei; Zhou, Yuyan; Si, Lianghao; Liu, Yuhan; Liang, Ziwei; Xu, Jianing; Wu, Tianjun

    2017-01-01

    Ten to twenty percent of the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients fulfilling the Milan criteria (MC) recurred within three years after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). We therefore utilize a training cohort to develop an improved prognostic model for predicting the recurrence in these patients. By univariate and multivariate analysis, AFP level [cut-off value: 321 ng/mL, area under the curve (AUC) = 0.724, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.604–0.843, P < 0.001] and cytokeratin-19 (CK19) and glypican-3 (GPC3) expression pattern from nine putative prognostic factors were entered in risk factor scoring model to conjecture the tumor recurrence. In the training cohort, the AUC value of the model was 0.767 (95% CI = 0.645–0.890, P < 0.001), which was the highest among all the elements. The model’s performance was then assessed using a validation cohort. In the validation cohort, the AUC value of the model was 0.843 (95% CI = 0.720−0.966, P < 0.001) which was higher than any other elements. The results indicated that model had high performance with good discrimination ability and significantly improved the predictive capacity for the recurrence of HCC patients within MC after OLT. PMID:28276470

  2. Investigating distribution patterns of airborne magnetic grains trapped in tree barks in Milan, Italy: insights for pollution mitigation strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vezzola, Laura C.; Muttoni, Giovanni; Merlini, Marco; Rotiroti, Nicola; Pagliardini, Luca; Hirt, Ann M.; Pelfini, Manuela

    2017-08-01

    High levels of air particulate matter (PM) have been positively correlated with respiratory diseases. In this study, we performed a biomonitoring investigation using samples of bark obtained from trees in a selected study area in the city of Milan (northern Italy). Here, we analyse the magnetic and mineralogical properties of the outer and inner barks of 147 trees, finding that magnetite is the prevalent magnetic mineral. The relative concentration of magnetite is estimated in the samples using saturation isothermal remanent magnetization (SIRM) and hysteresis parameters. We also make a first-order estimate of absolute magnetite concentration from the SIRM. The spatial distribution of the measured magnetic parameters is evaluated as a function of the distance to the main sources of magnetic PM in the study area, for example, roads and tram stops. These results are compared with data from a substantially pollution-free control site in the Central Italian Alps. Magnetic susceptibility, SIRM and magnetite concentration are found to be the highest in the outer tree barks for samples that are closest to roads and especially tram stops. In contrast, the inner bark samples are weakly magnetic and are not correlated to the distance from magnetite PM sources. The results illustrate that trees play an important role acting as a sink for airborne PM in urban areas.

  3. Release of IL-1β Triggered by Milan Summer PM10: Molecular Pathways Involved in the Cytokine Release

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    Rossella Bengalli

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Particulate matter (PM exposure is related to pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases, with increased inflammatory status. The release of the proinflammatory interleukin- (IL- 1β, is controlled by a dual pathway, the formation of inactive pro-IL-1β, through Toll-like receptors (TLRs activation, and its cleavage by NLRP3 inflammasome. THP-1-derived macrophages were exposed for 6 h to 2.5 μg/cm2 of Milan PM10, and the potential to promote IL-1β release by binding TLRs and activating NLRP3 has been examined. Summer PM10, induced a marked IL-1β response in the absence of LPS priming (50-fold increase compared to unexposed cells, which was reduced by caspase-1 inhibition (91% of inhibition respect summer PM10-treated cells and by TLR-2 and TLR-4 inhibitors (66% and 53% of inhibition, resp.. Furthermore, summer PM10 increased the number of early endosomes, and oxidative stress inhibition nearly abolished PM10-induced IL-1β response (90% of inhibition. These findings suggest that summer PM10 contains constituents both related to the activation of membrane TLRs and activation of the inflammasome NLPR3 and that TLRs activation is of pivotal importance for the magnitude of the response. ROS formation seems important for PM10-induced IL-1β response, but further investigations are needed to elucidate the molecular pathway by which this effect is mediated.

  4. The clinical pathway for hypertensive patient of local health unit, hospitals and general practitioners, the Milan experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donzelli, Alberto; Sghedoni, Donatella; Carelli, Francesco A; Chirchiglia, Saverio; Manunta, Paolo

    2011-01-01

    The Clinical Pathway (in its complete definition Diagnostic, Clinical and Therapeutic Pathway - Percorso Diagnostico Terapeutico Assistenziale - PDTA), originally started to deal with the newly diagnosed hypertensive patient, developed also recommendations for the first-line drugs in case of specific indications/contraindications and organ damages. It has been developed by a working group of specialists in cardiology, nephrology, internal medicine (faculty included) designated by their hospitals (both public and private accredited), including all the main city hospitals, by general practitioners designated by the Medical Unions SNAMI, FIMMG, SMI and SiMI and by public health doctors belonging to the Local Health Unit of Milan, who have coordinated the proceedings and have guaranteed that possible conflicts of interest of single participants could not interfere with the PDTA, anyway approved by all in July 2009. The PDTA deals with the measuring and self- home-monitoring of blood pressure (BP) and the diagnosis of hypertension; it revises, sometimes "dries up" and rationalizes the recommendations for diagnostic tests and specialist evaluations; it develops prevention and non-pharmacological treatments, proposing also tools for patients and for prescribing correct nutrition and physical activity and a structured program for BP monitoring; but the main feature is the innovations brought in the proposed drug treatment in comparison with the current clinical practice.

  5. Knowledge of human papillomavirus infection and its prevention among adolescents and parents in the greater Milan area, Northern Italy

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    Consolo Silvia

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In order to be widely accepted by users, the implementation of a new health intervention requires them to be adequately informed about its clinical importance, benefits and risks. The aim of this study was to provide data on the knowledge of Italian adolescents and parents concerning human papillomavirus (HPV infection and its prevention in order to allow the development of adequate training programmes. Methods Between 2 May and 15 June 2008, we made a cross-sectional survey of 863 high school students and 2,331 parents of middle and high school students using two anonymously completed questionnaires covering the knowledge of HPV infection and related diseases, and attitudes to vaccinations. The approached schools were a convenience sample of the schools of the greater Milan area, Northern Italy. Results More mothers than fathers were aware that HPV infection could concern their children (58% vs 53%; p = 0.004 and were favourable towards vaccinating their children against HPV (68% vs 65%; p = 0.03; among the students, more females than males were aware that HPV infection could concern themselves (45% vs 26%; p vs 40%; p Conclusions Both students and parents seem to underestimate the likelihood of HPV infection, and this is associated with a lower propensity for vaccination. This is an important indication for future training programmes concerning HPV prevention designed to increase the acceptance of HPV vaccine in families.

  6. The Commercial Districts by Lombardia Region and Municipality of Milan to sustain commercial services in the conservation areas

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    Luca Tamini

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Commerce plays a social protection role and can give quality to a city and a community or subtract from it and attribute meaning and character to places or render them banal in a standardised landscape. Intervention to improve shops and businesses open to the public can support more general urban regeneration processes and may be implemented through public policies. The Lombardy Region has recently organised a competition for funding of projects which improve commercial activities and public establishments in geographical areas identified as business districts (urban or more regional. The organiser of the project which involves businesses and the local context they are set in is the municipality, which, however, is obliged to apply in partnership with at least that association which represents most of the businesses operating in commerce. The mix of commerce, crafts and innovative service industries is a specific trait of the Milan metropolitan area which is described as a possible area in which to activate urban regeneration processes.

  7. [Air and biomonitoring of occupational exposure to anesthetic gases in the health care workers of a large hospital in Milan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fustinoni, S; Pasini, R; Strangi, F; Valla, C; Missineo, P; Margonari, M; Denaro, R; Bertazzi, P A

    2012-01-01

    In this study exposure to anesthetic gases in health care workers of a hospital of Milan was investigated. The evaluation focused on the period 2007-2010 and was performed by environmental monitoring (20 operating rooms and 54 samples) and biological monitoring (180 workers and 242 urine samples). Mean airborne exposure was 3:15 and 0.34 ppm for nitrogen protoxide (N2O) and sevorane; in end-of-exposure urine samples the concentration of N2O and hexafluoroisopropanol, metabolite of sevorane, were 4.85 mg/L and 0.21 mg/L, with 80 and 21% of values below the quantification limit. Sevorane monitoring exceeded or equaled the environmental limit value of 0.5 ppm and the biological exposure index in 17 and 11% of measures. There were no observed exceedances of the limit for N2O. The anesthetist and scrub nurse were tasks with greater exposure. There was a significant correlation between airborne halogenated gases and urinary hexafluoroisopropanol. The results of this study indicates that further efforts are needed to improve the hygienic conditions in the investigated hospital.

  8. Release of IL-1 β triggered by Milan summer PM10: molecular pathways involved in the cytokine release.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bengalli, Rossella; Molteni, Elisabetta; Longhin, Eleonora; Refsnes, Magne; Camatini, Marina; Gualtieri, Maurizio

    2013-01-01

    Particulate matter (PM) exposure is related to pulmonary and cardiovascular diseases, with increased inflammatory status. The release of the proinflammatory interleukin- (IL-) 1β, is controlled by a dual pathway, the formation of inactive pro-IL-1β, through Toll-like receptors (TLRs) activation, and its cleavage by NLRP3 inflammasome. THP-1-derived macrophages were exposed for 6 h to 2.5  μg/cm(2) of Milan PM10, and the potential to promote IL-1β release by binding TLRs and activating NLRP3 has been examined. Summer PM10, induced a marked IL-1β response in the absence of LPS priming (50-fold increase compared to unexposed cells), which was reduced by caspase-1 inhibition (91% of inhibition respect summer PM10-treated cells) and by TLR-2 and TLR-4 inhibitors (66% and 53% of inhibition, resp.). Furthermore, summer PM10 increased the number of early endosomes, and oxidative stress inhibition nearly abolished PM10-induced IL-1β response (90% of inhibition). These findings suggest that summer PM10 contains constituents both related to the activation of membrane TLRs and activation of the inflammasome NLPR3 and that TLRs activation is of pivotal importance for the magnitude of the response. ROS formation seems important for PM10-induced IL-1β response, but further investigations are needed to elucidate the molecular pathway by which this effect is mediated.

  9. Conditional versus unconditional industrial agglomeration: disentangling spatial dependence and spatial heterogeneity in the analysis of ICT firms' distribution in Milan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Espa, Giuseppe; Arbia, Giuseppe; Giuliani, Diego

    2013-01-01

    A series of recent papers have introduced some explorative methods based on Ripley's K-function (Ripley in J R Stat Soc B 39(2):172-212, 1977) analyzing the micro-geographical patterns of firms. Often the spatial heterogeneity of an area is handled by referring to a case-control design, in which spatial clusters occur as over-concentrations of firms belonging to a specific industry as opposed to the distribution of firms in the whole economy. Therefore, positive, or negative, spatial dependence between firms occurs when a specific sector of industry is seen to present a more aggregated pattern (or more dispersed) than is common in the economy as a whole. This approach has led to the development of relative measures of spatial concentration which, as a consequence, are not straightforwardly comparable across different economies. In this article, we explore a parametric approach based on the inhomogeneous K-function (Baddeley et al. in Statistica Nederlandica 54(3):329-350, 2000) that makes it possible to obtain an absolute measure of the industrial agglomeration that is also able to capture spatial heterogeneity. We provide an empirical application of the approach taken with regard to the spatial distribution of high-tech industries in Milan (Italy) in 2001.

  10. [Child sexual abuse primary prevention: outcome evaluation of a health education project implemented in Milan's elementary schools].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellai, A; Castelli, B; Scyslowska, G; Bassoli, L; Lanzi, M; Pazardjiklian, I; Sacchetti, A

    2003-01-01

    The study we present is aimed at evaluating the efficacy of a child sexual abuse prevention program that involved children attending 4th and 5th grade in Milan's (Italy) elementary schools. The project involved 53 classes (10 of 4th, 43 of 5th grade) during school year 2000-2001. Children filled a questionnaire before the beginning of the project and two months after the end; the questionnaire evaluates children's perception of risk and their self-efficacy skills in adopting protective strategies when involved in at risk situations. Final analysis has involved 674 children, 51.8% girls, 48.2% boys; 19.6% of children attended 4th grade, 80.4% 5th grade. Percentage of children that recognize the potential danger in the suggested at-risk situation is higher in post-test then in pre-test (87.9% vs 73.2%) and the number of them that does not adopt any self-defence strategy decreases (from 35.3% to 21.0%). The project increased the number of children that know body puberal changes (from 16.0% to 32.8%). According to these results it is evident that the program increased children's capacity to recognize and use self defence strategies in at risk situations. These results call for a potential extention and replication of this health education program.

  11. New strategies to ensure good patient–physician communication when treating adolescents and young adults with cancer: the proposed model of the Milan Youth Project

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    Magni MC

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Maria Chiara Magni,1 Laura Veneroni,1 Carlo Alfredo Clerici,2 Tullio Proserpio,3 Giovanna Sironi,1 Michela Casanova,1 Stefano Chiaravalli,1 Maura Massimino,1 Andrea Ferrari1 1Pediatric Oncology Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan, Italy; 2Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; 3Pastoral Care Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori, Milan, Italy Abstract: Adolescence is a particularly complex time of life, entailing physiological, psychological, and social changes that further the individual's cognitive, emotional, and social growth. Being diagnosed with cancer at this time can have important consequences on an individual's emotional and physical development, and adolescent and young adult cancer patients have particular medical and psychosocial needs. Patient–physician communications are important in any clinical relationship, but fundamental in the oncological sphere because their quality can affect the patient–physician relationship, the therapeutic alliance, and patient compliance. A major challenge when dealing with adolescent and young adult patients lies in striking the right balance between their need and right to understand their disease, treatment, and prognosis, and the need for them to remain hopeful and to protect their emotional sensitivity. We herein describe the activities of the Youth Project of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori in Milan, Italy in order to share a possible model of interaction with these special patients and the tactics our group has identified to help them communicate and share their thoughts. This model implies not only the involvement of a multidisciplinary team, including psychologists and spirituality experts, but also the constitution of dedicated creative activities to give patients the opportunity to express feelings they would otherwise never feel at ease putting into words. These efforts seek the goal to minimize the potentially

  12. Area integrated emission of biogenic nitric oxide by Lagrangian dispersion modeling (LASAT): Milan oasis, Taklimakan desert (Xinjiang, PR China)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badawy, M.; Wu, Z.; Behrendt, T.; Fechner, A. D.; Meixner, F. X.; Andreae, M. O.; Mamtimin, B.

    2012-04-01

    Today's knowledge of soil biogenic NO emission rates from arid and hyper-arid land is based on a total of about 20 experimental studies. Nevertheless, biogenic NO emissions even from non-managed arid and hyper-arid soils are significant and may range between 1-10 ng m-2 s-1 (in terms of nitrogen, if conditions for soil NO production are favourable (optimum soil moisture, high soil temperatures). Irrigated and fertilized oases, ranging about 3000 km long around the great Central Asian Taklimakan desert form the backbone of the agricultural output (80% of the Chinese cotton production) of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (NW-China). Recent and future development of farmland and intensification of agriculture will definitely impact the regional soil NO emission and consequently the budget of nitrogen oxides and ozone. Up to today, only a few studies have preliminarily addressed soil biogenic NO emissions from the Taklimakan desert. In our contribution, we will focus on the quantification of the area integrated NO emission from the Milan oasis located on the most southern fringe of the Takalimkan desert (39.26° N, 88.91° E). At a first step, the 3D distribution of ambient NO concentration is calculated using a state-of-the-art commercially available dispersion model (LASAT 3.2, Lagrange Simulation of Aerosol-Transport). Performing the dispersion simulation, transport and turbulent diffusion are simulated for a group of representative "simulation particles" by means of a stochastic process (Lagrange simulation). Surface sources (individual cotton fields, Jujube orchards) are known: their geographical location as well as their areal extent, their stage of vegetation growth as well as irrigation and fertilization events and amounts, soil temperatures and soil water contents. This information is used to up-scale our results of field specific potential net NO emission, which has been parameterized in terms of soil temperature, soil water content, and soil nutrient

  13. Milan Kundera's View of"World Literature"%米兰·昆德拉的世界文学观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范小青

    2016-01-01

    Milan Kundera's view of "world literature"can be summarized as follows:First of all,to understand the "aesthetic value"of literature,we should start from the "overall environment"(the history of art),therefore,the thought of "world literature"is very important.Secondly,the opportunity of entering into "world literature"is unequal for each national literature from "master"nations to minor nations.Thirdly,language is the stumbling block in the road that leads to "world literature"for writers from minor nations, and to seek international recognition, translation is the best choice to them. Fourthly,Goethe's theory of"world literature"eventually became a"betrayed will"because of the realistic differences among national political, economic and cultural status, and localism that caused by nationalism,and linguistic inequality.In order to solve Milan Kundera's problem,we need a new concept of "world literature".In David Damrosch's theory,"world literature"is an elliptical refraction of each national literature,an writing that gains in translation,and a mode of reading.Based on the "heightening of the naturally creative interaction of reader and text"from good translation,and the collaborative work of scholars,the prospect of world literature is getting clearer and clearer.%昆德拉的世界文学观可以概括为:首先,认识文学的"美学价值",应该从"大环境"(艺术史)入手,因此,"世界文学"的思想非常重要;其次,民族有大有小,各民族文学进入"世界文学"的机会并不均等;第三,语言是"小民族"作家走向"世界文学"的绊脚石,他们不得不借助翻译来寻求国际认可;第四,由于各民族政治、经济、文化地位的现实差异,民族主义带来的地方主义,以及语言的不平等,歌德的"世界文学"实际上成了"被背叛的遗嘱".为了解决昆德拉的问题,我们引入了丹穆若什的世界文学理论."世界文学"是"民族文学的椭圆形折射",是从翻译中获益的文学,是

  14. Multi-scale approach for 3D hydrostratigraphic and groundwater flow modelling of Milan (Northern Italy) urban aquifers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Caro, Mattia; Crosta, Giovanni; Frattini, Paolo; Perico, Roberta

    2017-04-01

    During the last century, urban groundwater was heavily exploited for public and industrial supply. As the water demands of industry have fallen, many cities are now experiencing rising groundwater levels with consequent concerns about localized flooding of basements, reduction of soil bearing capacities under foundations, soil internal erosion and the mobilization of contaminants. The city of Milan (Northern Italy) draws water for domestic and industrial purposes from aquifers beneath the urban area. The rate of abstraction has been varying during the last century, depending upon the number of inhabitants and the development of industrial activities. The groundwater abstraction raised to a maximum of about 350x106 m3/yr in the middle 1970s and has successively decreased to a value of about 230x106 m3/yr at present days. This caused a water table raise at an average rate of about 1 m/yr inducing infiltrations and flooding of deep constructions (e.g. building foundations and basements, underground subway excavations). Starting from a large hydrostratigraphic database (8628 borehole logs), a multi-scale approach for the reconstruction of the aquifers geometry (unconfined and semi-confined) at regional-scale has been used. First, a three-level hierarchical classification of the lithologies (lithofacies, hydrofacies, aquifer groups) has been adopted. Then, the interpretation of several 2D cross-sections was attained with Target for ArcGIS exploration software. The interpretation of cross-sections was based on the characteristics of depositional environments of the analysed aquifers (from meandering plain to proximal outwash deposits), on the position of quaternary deposits, and on the distribution of geochemical parameters (i.e. indicator contaminants and major ions). Finally, the aquifer boundary surfaces were interpolated with standard algorithms. The hydraulic properties of analysed aquifers were estimated through the analyses of available step-drawdown tests (Theis

  15. Transposition of the ethos of Italian-Mediterranean architecture in the early projects of Milan Zloković

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    Blagojević Ljiljana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The research of work of the architect Milan Zloković (1898, Trieste - 1965, Belgrade so far has focused mostly towards analysis of his projects which are key to the study of the modern movement in architecture in Serbia and the region. This paper, however, opens a line of inquiry which focuses on another feature of his creative disposition, which has been overlooked to some extent. It is argued that this sensibility, which characterises his early projects of the 1920s, owes much to his Mediterranean ancestry and upbringing in Italy. In his projects this feature corresponds to a certain transhistorical interpretation and transposition of cultural, artistic and tectonic principles of the Italian-Mediterranean architecture. In the architecture of the regions of Italy which were under the Austro- Hungarian rule until its break-up in WW1 and particularly in Trieste, where the architect was born and lived until he left for university studies, Central European and especially Viennese cultural influences mix with those of Italian and Mediterranean origin. The aim of this article is to examine this very feature of Zloković's designs in relation to historical and cultural context of Trieste architecture at the turn of the 20th century. The analysis of Zloković's early projects is based on study of primary sources, i. e., projects and photographic documentation from the architect's family archive, as well as on secondary sources on Trieste architecture. In a more general sense, this article on the polyvalent foundation of Belgrade modern movement aims to expand the referential and interpretative field of research of modernist discourse in which architect Zloković had a key role.

  16. Milan Moguš, Povijest hrvatskoga književnoga jezika (Storia della lingua croata, /Globus/, Zagreb 1993, pp. 205

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    Zorica Vučetić

    1995-12-01

    Full Text Available Il libro del noto linguista Milan Moguš è un valido contributo alla storia della lin­ gua croata dall'iscrizione  di Baška (Bašćanska ploča fino ai nostri giorni. È la storia del croato scritto o letterario; essa è più complessa della storia della lingua standard dato che comprende anche i testi scritti la lingua dei quali non è stata soggetta alla stan­ dardizzazione. La letteratura croata, compresa in senso lato, come parte della ricca cul­ tura croata, contiene i testi scritti prima della standardizzazione, per cui in questo libro è descritto l'intero periodo della lingua croata scritta o letteraria. Alla base della lingua croata stanno tre parlate organiche (stocavo, caicavo e ciacavo come dimostrano i testi scritti: i documenti, le lettere, le opere letterarie, le grammatiche, i dizionari ed altri testi. Nella sua storia la lingua croata era caratterizzata dalla continua compenetrazione di forti diversità e proprio  da queste diversita il croato traeva una più profonda omo­ geneità.  L'iscrizione  di Baška  (Bašćanska  ploča  è un  documento  storico  e linguistico che rappresenta con ragione il più antico monumento della lingua nazionale croata; ha tutte le caratteristiche della lingua a cavallo tra l' 11. e il 12. secolo. I primi testi nascono sul territorio del dialetto ciacavo, ma accanto ai testi con base ciacava appaiono ben presto quelli con base stocava.

  17. L’Ouest face à l’Est : de l’idéal à la désillusion. Viktor Paskov, Milan Kundera, Philip Roth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Velichka Ivanova

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available L’étude analyse d’un point de vue comparatiste l’opposition entre l’Est et l’Ouest telle qu’elle apparaît dans le roman contemporain. Elle interroge trois espaces géographiques et littéraires : L’Europe de l’Est, l’Europe Centrale, et l’Occident. L’analyse associe dans ce but le Bulgare Viktor Paskov, le Tchèque Milan Kundera et l’Américain Philip Roth. Elle retient les romans Allemagne, conte cruel (1991 du premier, L’Insoutenable légèreté de l’être (1984 du deuxième et J’ai épousé un communiste (1998 du troisième.The study analyzes, in a comparative approach, the opposition between East and West in the contemporary novel. It considers three geographical and literary areas: Eastern Europe, Central Europe, and the West. For this purpose, the article associates the Bulgarian Viktor Paskov, the Czech Milan Kundera and the American Philip Roth. It includes Germany, a Dirty Tale (1991 by Paskov, The Unbearable Lightness of Being (1984 by Kundera, and I Married a Communist (1998 by Roth.El trabajo analiza desde un punto de vista comparatista, la oposición entre el Este y el Oeste tal como aparece en la novela contemporánea. Interroga así tres espacios geográficos y literarios: Europa del Este, Europa Central y Occidente. El artículo asocia con este fin al búlgaro Viktor Paskov, al checo Milan Kundera y al estadounidense Philip Roth, con las obras Allemagne, conte cruel (1991, L’Insoutenable légèreté de l’être (1984 J’ai épousé un communiste (1998 respectivamente de cada autor.

  18. Graecia capta ferum victorem cepit? Relations between Europe and China in the Travelogue "Tamo amo po istoku" of Milan Jovanović

    OpenAIRE

    Tomasz, Ewertowski

    2015-01-01

    The main focus of the paper is the image of European-Chinese relations in the travel prose Tamo amo po istoku (‘Here and there in the East’), written by the Serbian traveller Milan Jovanović. Jovanović worked as a doctor on a steamer belonging to the Lloyd company in the 1870’s and 1880’s, and travelled through the Mediterranean, the Middle East, India, and the Far East. In his prose, he made quite a few remarks about China and the Chinese. According to Jovanović, European presence in Asia is...

  19. Emergency remediation measures of a hydroxyisobutyronitrile spill using hydraulic and hydrochemical barriers and pump and treat system (Rho area-Milan, Italy)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Avanzini, M.; Nespoli, M.; Pagotto, A. [EG Engenireeing Geology, Milano (Italy); Peretta, G.P. [Torino Univ. (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze della Terra

    1998-12-31

    The paper deals about emergency clean-up measures after an accidental contamination by hydroxyisobutyronitrile (acetone cyanohydrin) occurred in a aquifer in the industrial area of ELF-ATOCHEM in Rho (province of Milan). Site investigations and tests carried out for planning barrier wells lay-out, injection wells of hydrogen peroxide and in situ treatment of contaminated soil are illustrated. This combined measures system allowed to obtain a high efficacy in pollutant removal in accordance to the Authority`s requests. The final goal of the remediation system activity was reached fifteen months later: concentrations measured at monitoring wells showed values compatible with standards for drinking water quality.

  20. The unfeasibility of building a political nation in Czechoslovakia 1918–1939. A case study of Milan Hodža

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Jašurek

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available The author analyses Milan Hodža’s political thoughts on nationalism. The point of departure is the author’s critique of the concept of political nationhood as developed in the current scholarship on Czechoslovakism vis-à-vis the author’s approach based on the concept of particularism versus universalism. This enables the author to claim that the ambiguities of Hodža’s thoughts arise from Hodža’s oscillation between loyalty to Czechoslovakism and the Slovak identity.

  1. Arts and science under the sign of Leonardo. The case of the National Museum of Science and Technology ‘Leonardo da Vinci’ of Milan (Italian original version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Giorgione

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on the example of Leonardo da Vinci, who was able to combine arts and science in his work, the National Museum of Science and Technology of Milan has always pursued the blending and the dialogue of humanistic and scientific knowledge. It has employed this approach in all of its activities, from the set design of exhibition departments to the acquisition of collections and, more recently, in the dialogue with the public. Now more than ever, following a renewal path for the Museum, these guidelines are being subject to research to achieve a new and more up-to-date interpretation.

  2. Arts and science under the sign of Leonardo. The case of the National Museum of Science and Technology ‘Leonardo da Vinci’ of Milan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudio Giorgione

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on the example of Leonardo da Vinci, who was able to combine arts and science in his work, the National Museum of Science and Technology of Milan has always pursued the blending and the dialogue of humanistic and scientific knowledge. It has employed this approach in all of its activities, from the set design of exhibition departments to the acquisition of collections and, more recently, in the dialogue with the public. Now more than ever, following a renewal path for the Museum, these guidelines are being subject to research to achieve a new and more up-to-date interpretation.

  3. La representación de mundos en la novela y en el cine. A propósito de "La inmortalidad", de Milan Kundera

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Jiménez, Alfonso

    1993-01-01

    En su novela "La inmortalidad", Milan Kundera trata el tema de la adaptación de la novela al cine, desarrollando una serie de estrategias encaminadas a volver imposible la adaptación de su novela al cine, como había ocurrido con su obra anterior, "La insoportable levedad del ser". Sin embargo, solo la extensa representación del componente ensayístico-argumentativo propio del mundo del autor, común a muchas de sus novelas, garantiza que la adaptación al cine sea imposible. El cine puede repres...

  4. La representación de mundos en la novela y en el cine. A propósito de "La inmortalidad", de Milan Kundera

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Jiménez, Alfonso

    1993-01-01

    En su novela "La inmortalidad", Milan Kundera trata el tema de la adaptación de la novela al cine, desarrollando una serie de estrategias encaminadas a volver imposible la adaptación de su novela al cine, como había ocurrido con su obra anterior, "La insoportable levedad del ser". Sin embargo, solo la extensa representación del componente ensayístico-argumentativo propio del mundo del autor, común a muchas de sus novelas, garantiza que la adaptación al cine sea imposible. El cine puede repres...

  5. Managing the maintainance and conservation of the built heritage: a web-gis approach for the Richini courtyard in Milan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toniolo, L.; Gulotta, D.; Bertoldi, M.; Bortolotto, S.

    2012-04-01

    The Richini courtyard is a masterpiece of northern Italy baroque and it is part of the complex that currently hosts the "Università degli Studi" of Milan. Its four internal façades are based on a double arcade structure with granitic columns along a rectangular plan. The architectural elements are enriched by an outstanding sculpted decoration made of Angera stone (a typical Lombard dolostone) with bas-relief panels, high-relief figures, mouldings and voussoirs. The courtyard suffers the consequences of a troubled conservation history: the Second World War bombardment caused devastating damages to both the structure and the sculpted surfaces, so that an extensive restoration was carried out during the early fifties. Moreover, a further and massive conservative intervention was required during the nineties due to the increasing degradation rate of the Angera stone subjected to severely polluted environmental conditions. The overall durability of this last intervention, as well as the long-term compatibility of the restoration materials, has been evaluated almost twenty years later, in 2011. A thorough study of representative areas of the courtyard has been conducted by a multi-disciplinary research group. The aim of the study was the evaluation of the state of conservation of the ancient and restoration materials, as well as the identification of the decay phenomena. A high-accurate 3D laser scanner survey of the courtyard has been performed as well. The results of the diagnostic activity has been summarised in the present work. The wide range of different type of data (analytical and geometrical data, historical records, photographic documentation) have been managed by the latest release of a web-GIS software specifically designed for the application in the built heritage conservation. A new data structure has been purposely designed in order to maximize the efficiency for what concerning data entry, data query and data updating. The enhanced web-GIS software has

  6. APPLYING BIM TO BUILT HERITAGE WITH COMPLEX SHAPES: THE ICE HOUSE OF FILARETE’S OSPEDALE MAGGIORE IN MILAN, ITALY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Oreni

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the development of a BIM model for a stratified historic structure characterized by a complex geometry: Filarete’s Ospedale Maggiore ice house, one of the few remaining historic ice houses in Milan (Fig. 1. Filarete, a well-known Renaissance architect and theorist, planned the hospital in the 15th century, but the ice house was built two centuries later with a double-storey irregular octagonal brick structure, half under and half above ground, that enclosed another circular structure called the ice room. The purpose of the double-walled structure was to store ice in the middle and store and preserve perishable food and medicine at the outer side of the ice room. During World War II, major portions of the hospital and the above-ground section of the ice house was bombed and heavily damaged. Later, in 1962, the hospital was restored and rehabilitated into a university, with the plan to conceal the ice house’s remaining structure in the courtyard, which ultimately was excavated and incorporated into a new library for the university. A team of engineers, architects, and students from Politecnico di Milano and Carleton University conducted two heritage recording surveys in 2015 and 2016 to fully document the existing condition of the ice house, resulting in an inclusive laser scanner and photogrammetric point cloud dataset. The point cloud data was consolidated and imported into two leading parametric modelling software, Autodesk Revit© and Graphisoft ArchiCAD©, with the goal to develop two BIMs in parallel in order to study and compare the software BIM workflow, parametric capabilities, attributes to capture the complex geometry with high accuracy, and the duration for parametric modelling. The comparison study of the two software revealed their workflow limitations, leading to integration of the BIM generative process with other pure modelling software such as Rhinoceros©. The integrative BIM process led to the production

  7. On Milan Kundera's"Presence"Theme%浅议米兰·昆德拉的"存在"主题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙瀛

    2015-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉的小说集中于对人的"存在"的可能性的探究,它分为两种表现形式:一种是行为表现形式,另一种是精神表现形式.前者主要包括"媚俗"和"遗忘"两种行为,而后者主要有"意象形态".存在命题是个具有哲学普遍意义的问题,它跃出了道德和意识形态的局限,用一种更真实和贴近人生生活的眼光看待人的精神存在和行为存在,针对这一命题作者对艺术形式也进行了发挥,为配合对"存在"主题的表现,昆德拉以捷克社会、文化为基础,借用了法国文化等欧洲文化的资源.而这样的存在主题又是与欧洲的现代化进程与现代主义艺术的内在发展逻辑是紧密联系在一起的.%Milan Kundera's novels focus on the possibility of"presence"of human inquiry;it is divided into two forms:one is a form of behavior, the other is a spiritual manifestation. The former includes"kitsch"and"forgotten"two acts, which are mainly"image form."Existential philosophical common sense is a problem, it jumped out of the limits of morality and ideol-ogy, with a more realistic vision of life and the existence of life closer look at people's spiritual existence and behavior, for the proposition that the author is also an art form was to play, in line with"existence"topic of performance, Kundera in Czech society, culture-based, to borrow the French culture and other European cultural resources. The existence of such a theme is and modernization process in Europe and the internal logic of modernist art development are closely linked.

  8. Sources of high PM2.5 concentrations in Milan, Northern Italy: molecular marker data and CMB modelling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrone, M G; Larsen, B R; Ferrero, L; Sangiorgi, G; De Gennaro, G; Udisti, R; Zangrando, R; Gambaro, A; Bolzacchini, E

    2012-01-01

    In Milan (MI), the largest city in Northern Italy, the annually average PM2.5 concentration is above 25 μg m(-3), the value that the EU established as a target for 2010, and the upper limit from 2015 onwards (2008/30/CE). Over a three-year period (2006-2009) PM concentrations and chemical compositions were measured in an urban site (MI), a rural site (OB) and a remote site (ASC) in Northern Italy. Chemical characterization (EC/OC, inorganic ions, elements, C20-C32 n-alkanes, C2-C5 mono and dicarboxylic acids, levoglucosan and PAHs) was carried out on PM2.5 samples from the three sites, and PM10 from MI. Molecular markers were used in Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) modelling to estimate the contributions of primary sources to OC, and then PM mass from each source was reconstructed in MI, OB and ASC for different seasons. Estimates of the traffic (TR) source contribution to PM2.5 mass ranged from 4.1 (± 2.0) μg m(-3) during the summer, to 13.3 (± 6.7) μg m(-3) during the winter in MI. TR was the main primary source for PM2.5 concentrations in MI (17-24%). Its contribution was lower at the OB site (7-9%) and at the remote ASC site (3-4%). TR is a local source, while biomass burning (BB) is a diffuse regional source in Northern Italy: during fall and winter, BB was 25-30% and 27-31% of PM2.5 at MI and OB respectively. Other primary sources accounted for a small amount of the PM2.5, i.e. natural gas combustion (0-1%), plant debris (0-4%), road dust (RD=0-4%; but 15% at ASC during winter and 10% of PM10 at MI during summer) and sea salt (0-1%). Secondary inorganic+organic aerosol constituted the major part of the PM2.5 mass during spring and summer (50-65%) at the three sites.

  9. Vertically-resolved particle size distribution within and above the mixing layer over the Milan metropolitan area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Ferrero

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Vertical aerosol profiles were directly measured over the city of Milan during three years (2005–2008 of field campaigns. An optical particle counter, a portable meteorological station and a miniaturized cascade impactor were deployed on a tethered balloon. More than 300 vertical profiles were measured, both in winter and summer, mainly in conditions of clear, dry skies.

    The mixing height was determined from the observed vertical aerosol concentration gradient, and from potential temperature and relative humidity profiles. Results show that inter-consistent mixing heights can be retrieved highlighting good correlations between particle dispersion in the atmosphere and meteorological parameters. Mixing height growth speed was calculated for both winter and summer showing the low potential atmospheric dispersion in winter.

    Aerosol number size distribution and chemical composition profiles allowed us to investigate particle behaviour along height. Aerosol measurements showed changes in size distribution according to mixing height. Coarse particle profiles (dp>1.6 μm were distributed differently than the fine ones (dp<1.6 μm were, at different heights of the mixing layer. The sedimentation process influenced the coarse particle profiles, and led to a reduction in mean particle diameter for those particles observed by comparing data above the mixing height with ground data (−14.9±0.6% in winter and −10.7±1.0% in summer. Conversely, the mean particle diameter of fine particles increased above the mixing height under stable atmospheric conditions; the average increase, observed by comparing data above the mixing height with ground data, was +2.1±0.1% in winter and +3.9±0.3% in summer. A hierarchical statistical model was created to describe the changes in the size distribution of fine particles along height. The proposed model can be used to estimate the typical vertical

  10. Applying Bim to Built Heritage with Complex Shapes: the Ice House of Filarete's Ospedale Maggiore in Milan, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oreni, D.; Karimi, G.; Barazzetti, L.

    2017-08-01

    This paper presents the development of a BIM model for a stratified historic structure characterized by a complex geometry: Filarete's Ospedale Maggiore ice house, one of the few remaining historic ice houses in Milan (Fig. 1). Filarete, a well-known Renaissance architect and theorist, planned the hospital in the 15th century, but the ice house was built two centuries later with a double-storey irregular octagonal brick structure, half under and half above ground, that enclosed another circular structure called the ice room. The purpose of the double-walled structure was to store ice in the middle and store and preserve perishable food and medicine at the outer side of the ice room. During World War II, major portions of the hospital and the above-ground section of the ice house was bombed and heavily damaged. Later, in 1962, the hospital was restored and rehabilitated into a university, with the plan to conceal the ice house's remaining structure in the courtyard, which ultimately was excavated and incorporated into a new library for the university. A team of engineers, architects, and students from Politecnico di Milano and Carleton University conducted two heritage recording surveys in 2015 and 2016 to fully document the existing condition of the ice house, resulting in an inclusive laser scanner and photogrammetric point cloud dataset. The point cloud data was consolidated and imported into two leading parametric modelling software, Autodesk Revitand Graphisoft ArchiCAD©, with the goal to develop two BIMs in parallel in order to study and compare the software BIM workflow, parametric capabilities, attributes to capture the complex geometry with high accuracy, and the duration for parametric modelling. The comparison study of the two software revealed their workflow limitations, leading to integration of the BIM generative process with other pure modelling software such as Rhinoceros©. The integrative BIM process led to the production of a comprehensive BIM

  11. Impact of nitrous acid photolysis on the total hydroxyl radical budget during the Limitation of Oxidant Production/Pianura Padana Produzione di Ozono study in Milan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alicke, B.; Platt, U.; Stutz, J.

    2002-11-01

    The photolysis of nitrous acid (HONO) in the early morning hours is believed to be a significant source of hydroxyl radicals (OH), the most important daytime oxidizing species. Although the importance of this mechanism has been recognized for many years, no accurate experimental quantification is available. Here we present measurements of HONO, NO2, SO2, O3 and HCHO by Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) during the Limitation of Oxidant Production/Pianura Padana Produzione di Ozono (LOOP/PIPAPO) study in May-June 1998 in Milan, Italy. The concentration of NO and J(NO2)/J(HONO) were simultaneously monitored by in situ monitors. The photolysis frequencies of HCHO and O3 were determined with a radiative transfer model. High nocturnal HONO mixing ratios of up to 4.4 ppb were regularly observed. Elevated daytime HONO levels during cloudy periods show that the formation of HONO proceeds after sunrise and therefore also represents a source of hydroxyl radicals throughout the day. Averaged over 24 hours, HCHO photolysis is the most important source of OH in Milan, followed by either ozone or HONO photolysis. Our observations indicate that on certain days the OH production from HONO can be even more important than that from ozone photolysis. The diurnal variation of the different OH formation mechanisms shows that HONO photolysis is by far the most important source in the early hours of the morning, and can be as large as and even surpass the total OH production at noon.

  12. Milan Kundera: In Exile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜涛

    2004-01-01

    《生命中不能承受之轻》(又译《不能承受的生命之轻》)在近两年中一直被列为畅销书,也是我们较为熟悉的米兰·昆德拉的一部作品。在我们了解的他的成长历程之后,我们才能更深地理解这其中的“轻”和“重”——

  13. Epidemiology and Clinical Characteristics of Respiratory Infections Due to Adenovirus in Children Living in Milan, Italy, during 2013 and 2014.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna Esposito

    Full Text Available To evaluate the predominant human adenovirus (HAdV species and types associated with pediatric respiratory infections, nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from otherwise healthy children attending an emergency room in Milan, Italy, due to a respiratory tract infection from January 1 to February 28 of two subsequent years, 2013 and 2014. The HAdVs were detected using a respiratory virus panel fast assay (xTAG RVP FAST v2 and with a HAdV-specific real-time polymerase chain reaction; their nucleotides were sequenced, and they were tested for positive selection. Among 307 nasopharyngeal samples, 61 (19.9% tested positive for HAdV. HAdV was the only virus detected in 31/61 (50.8% cases, whereas it was found in association with one other virus in 25 (41.0% cases and with two or more viruses in 5 (8.2% cases. Human Enterovirus/human rhinovirus and respiratory syncytial virus were the most common co-infecting viral agents and were found in 12 (19.7% and 7 (11.5% samples, respectively. Overall, the HAdV strain sequences analyzed were highly conserved. In comparison to HAdV-negative children, those infected with HAdV had a reduced frequency of lower respiratory tract involvement (36.1% vs 55.2%; p = 0.007, wheezing (0.0% vs 12.5%; p = 0.004, and hospitalization (27.9% vs 56.1%; p<0.001. Antibiotic therapy and white blood cell counts were more frequently prescribed (91.9% vs 57.1%; p = 0.04 and higher (17,244 ± 7,737 vs 9,565 ± 3,211 cells/μL; p = 0.04, respectively, in children infected by HAdV-C than among those infected by HAdV-B. On the contrary, those infected by HAdV-B had more frequently lower respiratory tract involvement (57.1% vs 29.7% but difference did not reach statistical significant (p = 0.21. Children with high viral load were absent from child care attendance for a longer period of time (14.5 ± 7.5 vs 5.5 ± 3.2 days; p = 0.002 and had higher C reactive protein levels (41.3 ± 78.5 vs 5.4 ± 9.6 μg/dL; p = 0.03. This study has shown

  14. The architect Milan Lojanica’s Belgrade realm and visions - from a graduation project to Julino brdo and Gocław, 1962-1972

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mokranjac Aleksandra

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Attempting to highlight the specificity of the architect Milan Lojanica’s design approach, clearly distinct in his first professional decennary 1962-1972, the focus of this paper is on his firstly designed and developed, and afterwards awarded architectural masterpiece, which he realized with his associates, architects Cagić and Jovanović - i.e. the urban suprastructure of Julino brdo/Jula’s hill (1967-1970. As fifty years has passed from its first drawings, and the project documentation consists of exceptionally rare fragments only, one of the main goals of the research was the attempt to reconstruct the complete creative process - including its particular modality of construction/materialization. Although in its results merely a brief recapitulation of Lojanica’s innovative beginnings, the discourse still may provide a source-material for the genre of textbooks - from student to technical practice - regarding the rarest and almost forgotten discipline of experimental urban (masshousing, with artistic/spiritual/serene touch of a refined prefabricated system. Nonetheless, the opus of the eminent author, the respected creative endeavor of Milan Lojanica, future professor of architecture and the SASA academic, arises from its earliest stages and then permanently confirms itself as an entirety in its continuity. Therefore, the small-scale Julino brdo/Jula’s hill settlement case study is reanalyzed/rethought within Lojanica’s antecedent thematic preoccupations, and additionally within the most challenging subsequent one - the Gocław project (1972, Poland (Polska, throughout its emerging, unrivaled, innovatively envisioned - town/city of hundred-thousand-inhabitants.

  15. 君士坦丁与“米兰敕令”的政治动因%Constantine and the Political Motives of Edict of Milan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘钊

    2013-01-01

      公元313年,君士坦丁大帝(Constantine the Great,272—337)颁布“米兰敕令”(Edict of Mi-lan),罗马帝国的统治者对基督教的政策从镇压和宽容相结合转为保护和利用。君士坦丁颁布“米兰敕令”固然有一定的个人信仰因素在里面,但其中所体现出来的政治动因显而易见,那就是控制教会,强化皇权,拉拢权贵,顺应民意,统一帝国。君士坦丁大帝利用教会巩固了自己的统治,基督教也通过米兰敕令获得了合法地位并发展壮大起来。%In 313 AD, Constantine the Great issued Edict of Milan, and the policy which rulers of Rome Empire ex-ecuted to Christianity converted from suppressing and tolerance to protect and utilization. There are some private religious factors in this event indeed, yet the political motives reflected by the event are obvious. The political motives include controlling church, reinforcing power of emperor, executing tolerant policy, roping in dignitary, complying with popular opinions and unifying empire. By utilizing church Constantine had consolidated his domination, and Christianity had ac-quired a legal status by Edict of Milan, then developed into a numerous religion.

  16. PM chemical composition and oxidative potential of the soluble fraction of particles at two sites in the urban area of Milan, Northern Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrone, Maria Grazia; Zhou, Jun; Malandrino, Mery; Sangiorgi, Giorgia; Rizzi, Cristiana; Ferrero, Luca; Dommen, Josef; Bolzacchini, Ezio

    2016-03-01

    Recent epidemiological evidence support the hypothesis that health effects from inhalation of air particles are governed by more than just particle mass, since specific chemical components have been identified as important contributors to mortality and hospitality admissions. We studied the chemical composition and the oxidative potential (OP) of total suspended particle (TSP) samples from Milan at two sites with different traffic loads: a site in the low emission zone (LEZ) and a traffic site (TR) outside. Two a-cellular assays; dithiothreitol (OPDTT) and 2‧,7' dichlorofluorescin (OPDCFH) were used to characterize the OP of the soluble fraction of particles. TSP samples from LEZ showed significantly lower concentrations of traffic-related chemical components compared to TR. The decrease in the concentrations from TR to LEZ was maximum for EC, with a LEZ/TR ratio of 0.64 (±0.18), and a significant reduction (p cellular assays gave complementary information on the OP of particles in Milan. The two OP assays resulted to be sensitive to different chemical properties of PM samples. OPDTT correlated positively only with Global Radiation (Spearman's rs = 0.38, p < 0.05), which could be considered as a proxy for high concentrations of secondary oxidizing organics, while OPDCFH was related to various PM chemical species, mainly correlated with total mass (rs = 0.65; p < 0.01), elements (e.g. Zn, rs = 0.67; As, rs = 0.65; p < 0.01) and the sum of sulfate and nitrate (rs = 0.63; p < 0.01), a proxy for secondary aerosol.

  17. The Tide Back and Forth--Looking for 2016 Milan International Furniture Design Trends (Ⅰ)%潮起潮落来来去去--寻觅2016米兰国际家具设计趋势(上)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭亮

    2016-01-01

    This paper made a comprehensive analysis on the design information of Milan International Furniture Fair and Milan design week in 2016, especially made a system research on the Italian furniture industry and design innovation system, Milan International Furniture Fair and Milan Triennale, and for China’s furniture industry in Milan Learning Paths are summarized. Refined the trend of the 2016 Milan design trends and design brand case analysis, hope for China’s household business transformation and upgrading and the future development of China’s design industry has a reference value.%本文对2016年米兰国际家具展与米兰设计周的设计资讯进行了综合分析,特别是对意大利家具产业与设计创新体系、米兰国际家具展与米兰三年展等进行了系统的研究,并且对中国家具企业的米兰学习路径进行了总结。提炼了2016米兰设计潮流趋势关键词与设计品牌的案例分析,希望对中国家居企业的转型升级与中国设计创意产业的未来发展具有参考价值。

  18. The Involvement of Albanian Ethnic Immigrants in Entrepreneurship as a New Possibility on their Integration in the International Labour Market - Their Role in Transnational Bridging For Homemade Products (Case Of The Province Of Milan, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MA. Ilir Bejta

    2013-12-01

    Economic integration induces immigrants to increase contacts and be part of economic networks and  social networks too, as well as improve, as a necessity deriving from the economic competition, their human capital capacities and capabilities getting use of international labour market. Considering economic and human capital development we will measure their impact on the social welfare and integration of the ethnic immigrant minority groups in the modern society (Albanians in Province of Milan, Italy.

  19. Stereotypes, “integration” policies and multiple identities: From a mapping attempt to the experience of some Romanian Roma families in Milan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianna Agoni

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available “Dichiarazione dello stato di emergenza in relazione agli insediamenti di comunità nomadi nel territorio delle regioni Campania, Lazio e Lombardia”, “Strategia Nazionale di inclusione dei Rom, dei Sinti e dei Caminanti 2012-2020”, “Progetto Rom, Sinti e Caminanti” (Municipality of Milan, are examples of Italian national or local policies or practices that create and reproduce specific categories in which a multitude of persons, stories, origins, situations are subsumed, according to a supposed ethno-cultural similarity. Based on a categorical approach and on a deep-rooted anti-gypsyism, these policies could risk homogenizing, essentializing and making “gypsy” the identity of different people, separating them from the rest of the population. The paper deals with men and women, Romanian citizens, in majority Roma, migrated to Italy during the last ten-twelve years and mainly settled in makeshift camps on the northern outskirts of Milan. Immediately categorized as Roma or as Nomads, they are identified as a “social problem”, “marginal subjects”, needing the implementation of particular “integration” policies. It seems that to categorize these people as Roma or as Nomads could allow to avoid to wonder about political, economical and social causes of the existence of unauthorized settlements, and could allow not to consider these families’ mobility within the broader migratory movements from Romania. Considering the experiences of the last four years of ethnographic research and the first results of the European Research Project MigRom - The immigration of Romanian Roma to Western Europe: causes, effects and future engagement strategies, especially the attempt to map the presences of Romanian Roma in Italy, the paper aims to show flexible subjectivities, multiple and variable belongings, and people able to resist, through everyday life practices, to strict categorizations and to the violence produced by them. On one

  20. Italian horticultural and culinary records of summer squash (Cucurbita pepo, Cucurbitaceae) and emergence of the zucchini in 19th-century Milan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lust, Teresa A; Paris, Harry S

    2016-07-01

    Summer squash, the young fruits of Cucurbita pepo, are a common, high-value fruit vegetable. Of the summer squash, the zucchini, C. pepo subsp. pepo Zucchini Group, is by far the most cosmopolitan. The zucchini is easily distinguished from other summer squash by its uniformly cylindrical shape and intense colour. The zucchini is a relatively new cultivar-group of C. pepo, the earliest known evidence for its existence having been a description in a book on horticulture published in Milan in 1901. For this study, Italian-language books on agriculture and cookery dating from the 16th to 19th centuries have been collected and searched in an effort to follow the horticultural development and culinary use of young Cucurbita fruits in Italy. The results indicate that Cucurbita fruits, both young and mature, entered Italian kitchens by the mid-16th century. A half-century later, round and elongate young fruits of C. pepo were addressed as separate cookery items and the latter had largely replaced the centuries-old culinary use of young, elongate bottle gourds, Lagenaria siceraria Allusion to a particular, extant cultivar of the longest fruited C. pepo, the Cocozelle Group, dates to 1811 and derives from the environs of Naples. The Italian diminutive word zucchini arose by the beginning of the 19th century in Tuscany and referred to small, mature, desiccated bottle gourds used as containers to store tobacco. By the 1840s, the Tuscan word zucchini was appropriated to young, primarily elongate fruits of C. pepo The Zucchini Group traces its origins to the environs of Milan, perhaps as early as 1850. The word zucchini and the horticultural product zucchini arose contemporaneously but independently. The results confirm that the Zucchini Group is the youngest of the four cultivar-groups of C. pepo subsp. pepo but it emerged approximately a half-century earlier than previously known. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Annals of Botany

  1. 论米兰·昆德拉的复调小说艺术%On the Polyphonic Novel Art Theory of Milan Kundera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李欣池

    2013-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉是现代小说的代表人物,在他独特的小说艺术中,复调也占据了相当重要的地位。他的复调小说强调结构与主题的相互平行,在情节上着重构建对位式的复调,并在其中贯穿着哲理性对的思考,呼应着巴赫金的对话式复调理论。%Milan kundera is the representative figure of the modern novel , in his unique art of novels , polyphonic also occupy a very important position .His polyphonic novel emphasizes the structure and theme of parallel to each other on the plot focuses on building a counterpoint of polyphony , and among them through the philosophical thinking , echo the polyphonic theory of bakhtin's dialogue type .

  2. 论米兰·昆德拉小说《慢》的艺术技巧%Discussion on the artistry of The Slowness by Milan Kundera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚静媛

    2011-01-01

    The Slowness is a short novel of Milan Kundera which needs more writing techniques.Kundera's works are featured with the presentation of philosophical theories,so it is the same with The Slowness.By means of illusory narration,contrast and irony,Kundera guids readers to draw the never-found living pictures and make people reflect on the modern life state by thinking over the existing circumstance of human beings.%《慢》是昆德拉小说中篇幅较为短小的作品,因此技巧的运用显得更为重要。他的作品一贯带有很强的哲理内涵,《慢》也不例外。昆德拉在这部作品中运用梦幻叙述、反差对比、游戏讽刺等艺术手法,其目的是对人类的存在处境进行思考,以发现此前从未发现的存在图景,从而引起人们对现代生活状态的反思。

  3. Long-term follow up of patients affected by pulmonary carcinoid at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori of Milan: a retrospective analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pusceddu, S; Catena, L; Valente, M; Buzzoni, R; Formisano, B; Del Vecchio, M; Ducceschi, M; Tavecchio, L; Fabbri, A; Bajetta, E

    2010-03-01

    Neuroendocrine tumors of the lung involve an heterogeneous group of tumors representing a wide range of histological variants, from well-differentiated typical carcinoid (TC) tumors to poorly differentiated small cell carcinomas. The epidemiology, clinical outcome, and management of these neoplasms differ significantly from other lung malignancies. The main aim of this report consists in describing the single Center experience of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori of Milan on neuroendocrine lung tumors, with an emphasis on bronchopulmonary carcinoid subtypes. From 1986 to 2009, 91 cases of carcinoid tumors were diagnosed; these were divided in two series, according to typical (66 patients) or atypical [25] histotypes. These two groups were compared in relation to various features, including pathologic classification, clinical behavior, treatment modalities and long-term survival. At the moment of diagnosis 11 patients had locally advanced/metastatic disease, while 80 patients showed non metastatic disease. The comparative analysis between typical and atypical series disclosed significant differences in terms of long-term survival; in fact, 5-year and 10-year survival rates were 98 % and 94 % for the first carcinoid series versus 76 % and 18 % for the atypical series, respectively (p<0.001). The median overall survival (OS) was 76 months (range 3-182) for atypical carcinoids and has not yet been reached for TCs patients.

  4. Long-term follow up of patients affected by pulmonary carcinoid at the Istituto Nazionale Tumori of Milan: a retrospective analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pusceddu, S; Catena, L; Valente, M; Buzzoni, R; Formisano, B; Del Vecchio, M; Ducceschi, M; Tavecchio, L; Fabbri, A; Bajetta, E

    2010-01-01

    Neuroendocrine tumors of the lung involve an heterogeneous group of tumors representing a wide range of histological variants, from well-differentiated typical carcinoid (TC) tumors to poorly differentiated small cell carcinomas. The epidemiology, clinical outcome, and management of these neoplasms differ significantly from other lung malignancies. The main aim of this report consists in describing the single Center experience of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori of Milan on neuroendocrine lung tumors, with an emphasis on bronchopulmonary carcinoid subtypes. From 1986 to 2009, 91 cases of carcinoid tumors were diagnosed; these were divided in two series, according to typical (66 patients) or atypical [25] histotypes. These two groups were compared in relation to various features, including pathologic classification, clinical behavior, treatment modalities and long-term survival. At the moment of diagnosis 11 patients had locally advanced/metastatic disease, while 80 patients showed non metastatic disease. The comparative analysis between typical and atypical series disclosed significant differences in terms of long-term survival; in fact, 5-year and 10-year survival rates were 98 % and 94 % for the first carcinoid series versus 76 % and 18 % for the atypical series, respectively (p<0.001). The median overall survival (OS) was 76 months (range 3-182) for atypical carcinoids and has not yet been reached for TCs patients. PMID:22263011

  5. Canine Fecal Contamination in a Metropolitan Area (Milan, North-Western Italy: Prevalence of Intestinal Parasites and Evaluation of Health Risks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Aurelio Zanzani

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Intestinal parasites of dogs represent a serious threat to human health due to their zoonotic potential. Thus, metropolitan areas presenting high concentrations of pets and urban fecal contamination on public areas are at sanitary risk. Major aim of this survey was to determine prevalence of zoonotic parasites in dog fecal samples collected from public soil of Milan (north-western Italy. Differences in parasites prevalence distribution were explored by a geographical information system- (GIS- based approach, and risk factors (human density, sizes of green parks, and dog areas were considered. The metropolitan area was divided into 157 rectangular subareas and sampling was performed following a 1-kilometer straight transect. A total of 463 fecal samples were analyzed using centrifugation-flotation technique and ELISA to detect Giardia and Cryptosporidium coproantigens. A widespread fecal contamination of soil was highlighted, being fecal samples found in 86.8% of the subareas considered. The overall prevalence of intestinal parasites was 16.63%. Zoonotic parasites were found, such as Trichuris vulpis (3.67%, Toxocara canis (1.72%, Strongyloides stercoralis (0.86%, Ancylostomatidae (0.43%, and Dipylidium caninum (0.43%. Giardia duodenalis was the most prevalent zoonotic protozoa (11.06%, followed by Cryptosporidium (1.10%. Faeces from subareas characterized by broad green areas showed to be particularly prone to infection.

  6. A N-D VIRTUAL NOTEBOOK ABOUT THE BASILICA OF S. AMBROGIO IN MILAN: INFORMATION MODELING FOR THE COMMUNICATION OF HISTORICAL PHASES SUBTRACTION PROCESS

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    C. Stanga

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available This essay describes the combination of 3D solutions and software techniques with traditional studies and researches in order to achieve an integrated digital documentation between performed surveys, collected data, and historical research. The approach of this study is based on the comparison of survey data with historical research, and interpretations deduced from a data cross-check between the two mentioned sources. The case study is the Basilica of S. Ambrogio in Milan, one of the greatest monuments in the city, a pillar of the Christianity and of the History of Architecture. It is characterized by a complex stratification of phases of restoration and transformation. Rediscovering the great richness of the traditional architectural notebook, which collected surveys and data, this research aims to realize a virtual notebook, based on a 3D model that supports the dissemination of the collected information. It can potentially be understandable and accessible by anyone through the development of a mobile app. The 3D model was used to explore the different historical phases, starting from the recent layers to the oldest ones, through a virtual subtraction process, following the methods of Archaeology of Architecture. Its components can be imported into parametric software and recognized both in their morphological and typological aspects. It is based on the concept of LoD and ReverseLoD in order to fit the accuracy required by each step of the research.

  7. Airborne urban particles (Milan winter-PM2.5) cause mitotic arrest and cell death: Effects on DNA, mitochondria, AhR binding and spindle organization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gualtieri, Maurizio [Applied Cell Biology and Particles Effects, Department of Environmental Science, University Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano (Italy); Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P.O. Box 4404 Nydalen, N-0403 Oslo (Norway); Ovrevik, Johan [Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P.O. Box 4404 Nydalen, N-0403 Oslo (Norway); Mollerup, Steen [Section for Toxicology, National Institute of Occupational Health, N-0033 Oslo (Norway); Asare, Nana [Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P.O. Box 4404 Nydalen, N-0403 Oslo (Norway); Longhin, Eleonora [Applied Cell Biology and Particles Effects, Department of Environmental Science, University Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano (Italy); Dahlman, Hans-Jorgen [Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P.O. Box 4404 Nydalen, N-0403 Oslo (Norway); Camatini, Marina [Applied Cell Biology and Particles Effects, Department of Environmental Science, University Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano (Italy); Centre Research POLARIS, Department of Environmental Science, University Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano (Italy); Holme, Jorn A., E-mail: jorn.holme@fhi.no [Division of Environmental Medicine, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P.O. Box 4404 Nydalen, N-0403 Oslo (Norway)

    2011-08-01

    Highlights: {yields} PM2.5 induces mitotic arrest in BEAS-2B cells. {yields} PM2.5 induces DNA damage and activates DNA damage response. {yields} AhR regulated genes (Cyp1A1, Cyp1B1 and AhRR) are upregulated after PM exposure. {yields} Mitotic spindle assembly is perturbed in PM exposed cells. - Abstract: Airborne particulate matter (PM) is considered to be an important contributor to lung diseases. In the present study we report that Milan winter-PM2.5 inhibited proliferation in human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) by inducing mitotic arrest. The cell cycle arrest was followed by an increase in mitotic-apoptotic cells, mitotic slippage and finally an increase in 'classical' apoptotic cells. Exposure to winter-PM10 induced only a slight effect which may be due to the presence of PM2.5 in this fraction while pure combustion particles failed to disturb mitosis. Fewer cells expressing the mitosis marker phospho-histone H3 compared to cells with condensed chromosomes, suggest that PM2.5 induced premature mitosis. PM2.5 was internalized into the cells and often localized in laminar organelles, although particles without apparent plasma membrane covering were also seen. In PM-containing cells mitochondria and lysosomes were often damaged, and in mitotic cells fragmented chromosomes often appeared. PM2.5 induced DNA strands breaks and triggered a DNA-damage response characterized by increased phosphorylation of ATM, Chk2 and H2AX; as well as induced a marked increase in expression of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-regulated genes, CYP1A1, CYP1B1 and AhRR. Furthermore, some disturbance of the organization of microtubules was indicated. It is hypothesized that the induced mitotic arrest and following cell death was due to a premature chromosome condensation caused by a combination of DNA, mitochondrial and spindle damage.

  8. Parasuicide and drug self-poisoning: analysis of the epidemiological and clinical variables of the patients admitted to the Poisoning Treatment Centre (CAV, Niguarda General Hospital, Milan

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    Manfré Sergio

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Epidemiological knowledge of parasuicides and drug self-poisoning is still limited by a lack of data. A number of preliminary studies, which require further analysis, evidenced that parasuicidal acts occur more often among females, that the peak rate is generally recorded between the ages of 15 and 34 years and psychotropic medications seems to be the most frequently used. The aim of this study was to describe the demographic and clinical variables of a sample of subjects admitted to the Posisoning Treatment Centre (CAV, Niguarda General Hospital, Milan, following drug self-poisoning. Furthermore, this study is aimed to identify the risk factors associated to parasuicidal gestures, with special care for the used drugs, the presence of psychiatric or organic disorders, alcoholism and drug addiction. The study included the 201 patients attending the CAV in 1999 and 2000 who satisfied the criteria of self-poisoning attempts: 106 cases in 1999 and 95 in 2000. The sample had a prevalence of females (64%. The peak rates of parasuicides from drug self-poisoning were reached between 21 and 30 years among the females, and 31 and 40 years among the males. 81.6% of the patients used one or more psychoactive drugs, the most frequent being the benzodiazepines (58.7%, classic neuroleptics (16.9% and new-generation antidepressants (SSRIs, SNRIs, NARIs (12.9%. The prevalence of mood disorders was higher among females (64% vs 42%, whereas schizophrenia was more frequently diagnosed in males (22% vs 10%. 61% (33% had a history of previous attempted suicides. The presence of clinically relevant organic diseases was observed in 24.9% of the sample.

  9. Effects of various meteorological conditions and spatial emissionresolutions on the ozone concentration and ROG/NOx limitationin the Milan area (I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Baertsch-Ritter

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The three-dimensional photochemical model UAM-V is used to investigate the effects of various meteorological conditions and of the coarseness of emission inventories on the ozone concentration and ROG/NOx limitation of the ozone production in the Po Basin in the northern part of Italy. As a base case, the high ozone episode with up to 200ppb on 13 May 1998 was modelled and previously thoroughly evaluated with measurements gained during a large field experiment. Systematic variations in meteorology are applied to mixing height, air temperature, specific humidity and wind speed. Three coarser emission inventories are obtained by resampling from 3x3km2 up to 54x54km2 emission grids. The model results show that changes in meteorological input files strongly influence ozone in this area. For instance, temperature changes peak ozone by 10.1ppb/°C and the ozone concentrations in Milan by 2.8ppb/°C. The net ozone formation in northern Italy is more strongly temperature than humidity dependent, while the humidity is very important for the ROG/NOx limitation of the ozone production. For all meteorological changes (e.g. doubling the mixing height, the modelled peak ozone remains ROG limited. A strong change towards NOx sensitivity in the ROG limited areas is only found if much coarser emission inventories were applied. Increasing ROG limited areas with increasing wind speed are found, because the ROG limited ozone chemistry induced by point sources is spread over a larger area. Simulations without point sources tend to increase the NOx limited areas.

  10. Airborne urban particles (Milan winter-PM2.5) cause mitotic arrest and cell death: Effects on DNA, mitochondria, AhR binding and spindle organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gualtieri, Maurizio; Ovrevik, Johan; Mollerup, Steen; Asare, Nana; Longhin, Eleonora; Dahlman, Hans-Jørgen; Camatini, Marina; Holme, Jørn A

    2011-08-01

    Airborne particulate matter (PM) is considered to be an important contributor to lung diseases. In the present study we report that Milan winter-PM2.5 inhibited proliferation in human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) by inducing mitotic arrest. The cell cycle arrest was followed by an increase in mitotic-apoptotic cells, mitotic slippage and finally an increase in "classical" apoptotic cells. Exposure to winter-PM10 induced only a slight effect which may be due to the presence of PM2.5 in this fraction while pure combustion particles failed to disturb mitosis. Fewer cells expressing the mitosis marker phospho-histone H3 compared to cells with condensed chromosomes, suggest that PM2.5 induced premature mitosis. PM2.5 was internalized into the cells and often localized in laminar organelles, although particles without apparent plasma membrane covering were also seen. In PM-containing cells mitochondria and lysosomes were often damaged, and in mitotic cells fragmented chromosomes often appeared. PM2.5 induced DNA strands breaks and triggered a DNA-damage response characterized by increased phosphorylation of ATM, Chk2 and H2AX; as well as induced a marked increase in expression of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-regulated genes, CYP1A1, CYP1B1 and AhRR. Furthermore, some disturbance of the organization of microtubules was indicated. It is hypothesized that the induced mitotic arrest and following cell death was due to a premature chromosome condensation caused by a combination of DNA, mitochondrial and spindle damage.

  11. Measuring the expected increase in cycling in the city of Milan and evaluating the positive effects on the population's health status: a Community-Based Urban Planning experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebecchi, A; Boati, L; Oppio, A; Buffoli, M; Capolongo, S

    2016-01-01

    It's scientifically known that inactivity is one of the major risk factors for Non-Communicable Diseases. One of the elements affecting the choice of transport mode, regarding circulation in the city, is the cities' urban morphology, i.e. the infrastructural facilities for the slow mobility service. Cyclability, in fact, can help to increase daily physical activity level, therefore becoming a protective factor for individual health. After a literature review about the state of the art regarding the correlation between built environment, active transport and quantification of the physical activity level, we have developed a specific questionnaire to collect information about current and forecast use of bicycle, in case of improvement and implementation of the cycling network. The questionnaire also investigated social and health aspects concerning the anamnesis of the interviewees (age, gender, health status, sport activity performed, etc) and users' opinions about existing infrastructure and planned interventions, designed to promote cycling mobility. Aim of the research was to quantify the increase of physical activity people would have realized in front of an improvement of the specific infrastructures, and the expected positive effects in terms of health. The collected data (343 interviewed in a district of Milan, named "Zona 7") demonstrate that through the implementation of the cycle network, there would be more cyclists to practice the 150 minutes weekly of physical activity recommended by WHO: time spent in cycling, indeed, would increases by 34.4% compared to the current level of cyclability, as detected by our survey. The investigation confirmed that urban interventions, especially those in small-scale, could play a key role in the promotion of healthy lifestyles, inducing therefore important positive effects on the population health. It was also carried out an application of the WHO "Health Economic Assessment Tool" to evaluate the benefits in terms of

  12. Influenza A/H1N1/2009 virus - experience of the clinical microbiology laboratory of the “L. Sacco” University Hospital in Milan

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    Lisa Lucia Chenal

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available In the spring of 2009, a new variant of influenza A/H1N1 virus that had never been isolated before, was identified. From April 27 to December 31, 2009 the respiratory samples of 974 patients, obtained from suspected cases of pandemic influenza A virus infection, were analyzed at the Clinical Microbiology Laboratory of the “L. Sacco” University Hospital in Milan. The diagnosis of influenza A/H1N1 infection was performed initially through the use of different molecular biological methods: Seeplex® RV12 ACE Detection (Seegene, NUCLISENS® EASYQ® INFLUENZA A/B (bioMérieux, Influenza A/B Q-PCR Alert (Nanogen running in parallel with rRT-PCR (CDC to confirm the positivity to the new influenza virus, then was used a single specific test, Fast set H1N1v (Arrow Diagnostics. Retrospective study of data showed that 293 (30.1% patients were positive for the new strain of influenza A/H1N1 virus and 8 (0.8% for influenza A other than H1N1 virus.The distribution of influenza A/H1N1 cases showed two peaks, one on July (62.9% and the other one on October (36%, moreover we observed that 155 patients (53% out of 293 positive for influenza A/H1N1 virus aged under 20 years old. The first positivity peak was found in travelers and the second one, occurred 2-3 months prior to the classic seasonal epidemic influenza, was attributed to autochthonous cases , by which the virus had spread worldwide. The highest proportion of cases were among subjects aged from 0 to 20 years and, over this age the positivity rate decreased proportionally with increasing age, in agreement with data reported in other countries.

  13. Enlightening music: the catalogue and digitisation project of Verdi’s archive at the “Archivio Storico Ricordi” in Milan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathias Balbi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Our contribution concentrates on the processes of cataloguing and digitising of hand–written letters and business documents belonging to the ''Ricordi Historical Archive'' in Milan, which is at present housed in the Braidense National Library; the archive possesses documents referring to the history of the publishing company covering the two centuries of its activities. Starting from the ledgers compiled by Giovanni Ricordi, which cover a period from 1814 up to the middle of the 19th century to the documents relative to the school of engraving, the archive also houses a large number of editorial catalogues, published by Ricordi and by other publishing houses which it took over, as well as the original contracts stipulated with composers and librettists from Giuseppe Verdi and Giacomo Puccini to Arrigo Boito. The collection of about 15,000 hand–written letters covers the period from the beginning of the 19th century to the end of the 20th century and includes documents sent to Ricordi from writers, singers authors, and composers such as Giuseppe Verdi, Giacomo Puccini and Ottorino Respighi and librettists Luigi Illica, Giuseppe Giacosa and Arrigo Boito. The second part of the correspondence is made up letter–books and business correspondence which were kept intact from 1888 to 1962, except for the period from 1944 to 1953. Since 2006, work has been carried out to catalogue and digitise the Ricordi Archive based on the standards set out by the National Library Service (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale – SBN which is head of the Central Institute for the Single Catalogue (ICCU. The structure and use of the archive and the external transmission of its contents are safeguarded and enhanced thanks to the combined work of cataloguing and digitisation of this heritage: the preliminary cataloguing of the documents uses a simplified model of the scheme adopted in the description of the manuscript according to sw Manus, elaborated by ICCU: the

  14. Enlightening music: the catalogue and digitisation project of Verdi’s archive at the “Archivio Storico Ricordi” in Milan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathias Balbi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Our contribution concentrates on the processes of cataloguing and digitising of hand–written letters and business documents belonging to the ''Ricordi Historical Archive'' in Milan, which is at present housed in the Braidense National Library; the archive possesses documents referring to the history of the publishing company covering the two centuries of its activities.Starting from the ledgers compiled by Giovanni Ricordi, which cover a period from 1814 up to the middle of the 19th century to the documents relative to the school of engraving, the archive also houses a large number of editorial catalogues, published by Ricordi and by other publishing houses which it took over, as well as the original contracts stipulated with composers and librettists from Giuseppe Verdi and Giacomo Puccini to Arrigo Boito. The collection of about 15,000 hand–written letters covers the period from the beginning of the 19th century to the end of the 20th century and includes documents sent to Ricordi from writers, singers authors, and composers such as Giuseppe Verdi, Giacomo Puccini and Ottorino Respighi and librettists Luigi Illica, Giuseppe Giacosa and Arrigo Boito. The second part of the correspondence is made up letter–books and business correspondence which were kept intact from 1888 to 1962, except for the period from 1944 to 1953. Since 2006, work has been carried out to catalogue and digitise the Ricordi Archive based on the standards set out by the National Library Service (Servizio Bibliotecario Nazionale – SBN which is head of the Central Institute for the Single Catalogue (ICCU. The structure and use of the archive and the external transmission of its contents are safeguarded and enhanced thanks to the combined work of cataloguing and digitisation of this heritage: the preliminary cataloguing of the documents uses a simplified model of the scheme adopted in the description of the manuscript according to sw Manus, elaborated by ICCU: the

  15. Seasonal behavior of PM2.5 deliquescence, crystallization, and hygroscopic growth in the Po Valley (Milan): Implications for remote sensing applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Angelo, Luca; Rovelli, Grazia; Casati, Marco; Sangiorgi, Giorgia; Perrone, Maria Grazia; Bolzacchini, Ezio; Ferrero, Luca

    2016-07-01

    Atmospheric aerosols deliquescence and crystallization relative humidity (DRH and CRH) are rarely measured compared to the worldwide number of hygroscopicity measurements; this feature comes from the lack of an efficient method able to capture the whole complexity of chemical composition of aerosols. Despite this, the knowledge of both DRH and CRH are crucial for a correct parameterization of the aerosol hygroscopic growth used in different applications, among which the remote sensing is very important. In this paper, a newly developed technique (direct current conductance method) was applied in an aerosol chamber to Milan PM2.5 samples, to identify aerosol DRH and CRH both during winter and summer. These results were compared with those independently obtained by gravimetric measurements conducted in the chamber using a microbalance. Microbalance data allowed also the determination of the mass hygroscopic growth factor on the collected PM2.5 samples. Results evidenced first a good agreement between the two methods (RMSE = 2.7% and 2.3% for DRH and CRH, respectively). Collected data evidenced the hysteresis behavior of ambient particles and variability in both DRH and CRH between the two seasons. Summer samples showed higher DRH and CRH (on average 71.4 ± 1.0% RH and 62.6 ± 1.2% RH, respectively) than the winter ones (on average 55.2 ± 0.7% RH and 46.9 ± 0.6% RH). This behavior was related to the higher content of sulfates during the summer season. Conversely, the mass hygroscopic growth factor at 90% RH was higher for winter samples (2.76 ± 0.06) with respect to the summer ones (1.91 ± 0.11). Since hysteresis behavior affects optical properties of aerosols, when RH conditions are within the loop, the hygroscopic growth factor could be assigned in a wrong way. Thus, the growth factor was calculated within the hysteresis loop for both upper and lower branches: results showed that difference in hygroscopic growth factor could reach up the 24%.

  16. Milan Kundera’ s Novel Theory:an Interpretation%悲剧性与小说性--米兰·昆德拉小说理论解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张淑静

    2015-01-01

    昆德拉首先从黑格尔的悲剧理论出发,跳出悲剧善恶二元对立的简单逻辑,从大写的历史中考察“两种力量的冲突”,看到在人类的政治与历史冲突中多元化依然被忽略,由善恶对立制造出的简单粗暴导致真理在双方的缺席,悲剧性因此被驱逐;而现代社会种种规章制度消解了人行动的意义,人成为历史的玩物,存在的悖谬与荒诞消解了悲剧性。在小说如何表达悲剧性的问题上,昆德拉提出戏剧性、抒情性、逻辑性是悲剧性的敌人,只有关注存在的非诗性、非理性一面,悲剧性才得以与小说性联系起来。%Starting from Hegel’ s tragic theory, Milan Kundera study the conflict between the two powers in a historical perspective out of the basic logic that a tragedy is just an opposition of good and evil.He finds that the di-versification is neglected in the political and historical conflicts.Because the simplicity and rudeness caused by the opposition between good and evil lead to the absence of truth in the two parts, thus the tragic is exiled.Besides, a variety of rules and regulations in contemporary society discompose human being’ s action and they become a play-thing of the history;accordingly, the existing absurd dispels the tragic.In term of how to express the tragic of a no-vel, Kundera proposes that theatricality, lyricism and logicality are enemy of tragic.Only the non-poetic and non-rational aspect of the existence is concerned, the tragic can be connected to novelness.

  17. Measurement of black carbon concentration as an indicator of air quality benefits of traffic restriction policies within the ecopass zone in Milan, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Invernizzi, Giovanni; Ruprecht, Ario; Mazza, Roberto; De Marco, Cinzia; Močnik, Griša; Sioutas, Costantinos; Westerdahl, Dane

    2011-07-01

    Traffic restrictions are an unpopular tool to mitigate urban air pollution, and a measurable improvement in air quality is needed to demonstrate the effectiveness of this measure. Previous attempts failed to detect measurable reductions of PM mass pollution within the areas subject to traffic restriction. However black carbon, which is emitted primarily by traffic sources, could be a PM metric more suitable than PM mass to demonstrate pollutant reductions. In this study we report the results of a black carbon monitoring campaign carried out in Milan, Italy, with the aim to detect - and demonstrate more suitably than PM mass - differences in local urban air quality among three zones located very closely with different traffic intensity. The study was carried out in three different days by measuring simultaneously black carbon and PM mass concentrations with fixed monitoring stations located in three main radial roads connecting the outskirts to the city center, each with three segments: 1) an outer one, with no traffic restrictions 2) an intermediate one, subject to the congestion traffic charge called "Ecopass", where a ticket is required to enter for cars equipped with engines prior to Euro 4 standard; 3) the pedestrian zone (no cars admitted) of Duomo Square in the city center, where each of the three main roads ends. The results demonstrated a sharply declining gradient in black carbon levels from the outer zone, without traffic restrictions, to the more central areas, for all of the three radial main roads. The differences in mean black carbon levels in the same day in the different traffic scheme locations were highly significant for each comparison. In contrast to the Black carbon results, mean PM 10, PM 2.5, PM 1 concentrations did not show significant differences among the different traffic zones on the different campaign days. The ratio of black carbon to PM 10 decreased by 47% and 62% in the Ecopass zone and in the pedestrian zone, respectively, as

  18. How much is particulate matter near the ground influenced by upper level processes within and above the PBL? A summertime case study in Milan (Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Curci

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Chemical and dynamical processes yield to the formation of aerosol layers in the upper planetary boundary layer (PBL and above it. Through vertical mixing and entrainment into the PBL these layers may contribute to the ground-level particulate matter (PM, but a quantitative assessment of such contribution is still missing. This study investigates this aspect combining chemical and physical aerosol measurements with WRF/Chem model simulations. The observations were collected in the Milan urban area (Northern Italy during summer of 2007. The period coincided with the passage of a meteorological perturbation that cleansed the lower atmosphere, followed by a high pressure period that favoured pollutant accumulation. Lidar observations reveal the formation of elevated aerosol layers and show evidences of their entrainment into the PBL. We analyze the budget of ground-level PM2.5 (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm with the help of the online meteorology-chemistry WRF/Chem model, with particular focus on the contribution of upper level processes. We find that an important player in determining the upper PBL aerosol layer is particulate nitrate, which may reach higher values in the upper PBL (up to 30% of the aerosol mass than the lower. The nitrate formation process is predicted to be largely driven by the relative humidity vertical profile, that may trigger efficient aqueous nitrate formation when exceeding the ammonium nitrate deliquescence point. Secondary PM2.5 produced in the upper half of the PBL may contribute up to 7–8 μg m−3 (or 25% to ground level concentrations on hourly basis. A large potential role is also found to be played by the residual aerosol layer above the PBL, which may occasionally contribute up to 10–12 μg m−3 (or 40% to hourly ground level PM2.5 concentrations during the morning. This study highlights the importance of considering the interplay between chemical and dynamical processes

  19. Rupture process of the Milan, Kansas Earthquake of November 12, 2014 (M4.9) and Its Relationship to Fluid Injection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choy, G. L.; Rubinstein, J. L.; Yeck, W.; McNamara, D. E.; Mueller, C. S.; Boyd, O. S.

    2016-12-01

    From 1974-2012, Kansas had experienced only 15 earthquakes of M>3.0, a rate of less than one earthquake every two years. In 2014 and 2015 the number of earthquakes (M≥3.0) was 108. These events were located almost exclusively in Harper and Sumner counties, a region in southern Kansas where wastewater injection from oil and gas extraction operations had dramatically increased starting about 2010. The largest recorded earthquake in Kansas (Mw 4.9) occurred northeast of Milan on November 12, 2014 in a region previously devoid of such large events. Applying multi-station processing to data from a local seismic network, we are able to detail the rupture process, rupture geometry and stress drop ( 1.7 MPa) of the main shock. The first-month aftershocks define a well-delineated zone which aligns with the NS nodal plane of the USGS/COMCAT focal mechanism. The causative fault plane is inferred to be an extension of the Nemaha fault zone. The first-year aftershocks expand well beyond the original rupture zone. Characteristics of this earthquake that are shared by other earthquakes induced by fluid injection into permeable formations overlying crystalline basement include: (1) the unprecedented occurrence of earthquakes in a previously near-aseismic region; (2) wastewater injection wells in the vicinity (about 10-20 km) of the main-shock epicenter; (3) seismicity following episodes of increased fluid injection; and (4) a geological structure that could be activated by changes in pore pressure and hydraulic connectivity. Pockets of seismicity at the extremities of the rupture zone suggest stress may have been transferred to the ends of the fault implying some seismic hazard remains. In assessing seismic hazard, an empirical formula from the Electric Power Institute (EPRI) that uses felt area to estimate moment magnitude is often applied to historical earthquakes. This earthquake provides an opportunity to test the efficacy of that formula. The earthquake had been felt as far

  20. 米兰·昆德拉的存在哲思对中国当代文学的影响%The Influence of Milan Kundera's Philosophical Thoughts of Existence on Chinese Contemporary literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张容

    2011-01-01

    The Czech-born French writer, Milan Kundera, is one of the foreign writers, who was much focused in China during the late twentieth century,and his works have an extensive influence on Chinese contemporary litera- ture.Milan Kundera's philosophical thinking of existence affects the history narrates, the performance and the theme of Chinese contemporary literature,and provides some new enlightenments for Chinese contemporary literature.%法籍捷克裔作家米兰·昆德拉是二十世纪后期备受中国关注的外国作家之一,其创作广泛地影响了中国当代文学的实践。昆德拉对存在的思考与探询对中国当代文学的史学叙事、表现深度和题材广度都产生了深远的影响,为中国当代文学的发展提供了有益的借鉴。

  1. [The centenary of the founding of the "Clinica del Lavoro Luigi Devoto" in Milan (1902-2002). The oldest health organization in the world for the study, treatment, and prevention of occupational diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grieco, A

    2003-01-01

    The foundation of the Clinica del Lavoro by Luigi Devoto cannot be dated back to the specific date of an event or, worse, to the official inauguration as has happened so far. It can rather be considered as a process started on November 20, 1902 (date of the first resolution by the Milan Municipality Council), continuing with the national law n. 365 of July 9, 1905, then with the laying of the first stone on December 11, 1907 bearing the motto of the Milanese School "In aliis vivimus, movemur et sumus" and finally the official inauguration on March 20, 1910. The Founder Luigi Devoto was born in 1864 at Borzonasca (Genoa) and took a degree of medicine and surgery at the Genoa University in 1888. After a period in Prague and then in Genoa, he was appointed temporary teacher of medical pathology in Pavia. He published several scientific contributions in different fields of occupational health (lead intoxication, ankylostomiasis, strain cardiopathy, etc.) and in other branches (tuberculosis, pellagra, etc.) that he considered as indirectly work-related diseases. He died in Milan in 1936. Three issues characterize the ingenious intuition of Luigi Devoto and his thirty-year direction of the Clinica del Lavoro: 1. Full respect for the principles of discipline and scientific method suggested by Bernardino Ramazzini; 2. The extremely broad conception of the diseases that had to be considered as "workers' diseases"; 3. The constant social attention towards the application of scientific knowledge also through workers' information and updating of regulations to improve working conditions. Many of the conflicts and events associated with the foundation of the Clinica del Lavoro can be summarized in the name chosen by the Founder. Actually to those asking why "Clinic of Work" and not "Clinic of Workers", Devoto used to reply that it was work that was ill and therefore it was necessary to treat the work to prevent workers' illnesses.

  2. [Hand-foot-mouth disease: its course in the city of Milan (1980-86). Epidemiologic study gathered from the records of the community and scholastic ambulatory services of the Istituto di Clinica Dermatologic I and Dermatologia Pediatrica of the University].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sala, F; Mansi, M; Greppi, F; Ferrari, L; Perotta, E; Andreani, B

    1989-03-01

    Hand-foot-mouth disease: the Authors describe the epidemiological observations in a period of seven years made in a big urban area of Milan. They point out the periodic course of hand-foot and mouth disease, which is present in particular during May and November and particularly in children under six years. The Authors point out the difference between males and females and they try to correlate their dates with those gathered from the study of the literature.

  3. El III Duque de Feria, gobernador de Milán, 1618-1626 y 1631-1633 (The III Duke of Feria, Governor of Milan, 1618-1626 and 1631-1633

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valencia Rodríguez, Juan Manuel

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Don Gómez Suárez de Figueroa, III duque de Feria, instruido desde la juventud por su padre para servir a la Monarquía, protagonizó sus días más brillantes durante dos mandatos al frente del gobierno de Milán, en los que consiguió reforzar la influencia española en el Norte de Italia, y en sus empresas en Alsacia. Ejerció también los cargos de Virrey de Valencia y del Principado de Cataluña, y fue miembro del Consejo de Estado. Su posición en política exterior era más belicista y agresiva que la del conde duque de Olivares. Está considerado uno de los últimos dirigentes militares capacitados del Imperio español; su intervención en La Valtelina a favor de los católicos y contra los grisones, protestantes, durante su primer mandato como Gobernador y Capitán General de Milán, y los éxitos al frente del Ejército de Alsacia en la liberación de las plazas de Breisach, Constanza y Rheinfelden, ya en vísperas de su muerte, así lo atestiguan. Abstract: Don Gomez Suárez de Figueroa, III Duke of Feria, instructed from his youth by his father to serve the monarchy, lived his most glorious days during two mandates heading the government of Milan, during which he managed to strengthen the Spanish influence in Northern Italy, and in its operations in Alsace. He also held office as viceroy of Valencia and the Principality of Cataluña and was member of the State Council. His position in foreign politics was more aggressive and warmongering than the Count-Duke of Olivares. He is considered to be one of the last skilled military rulers of the Spanish Empire; his intervention in La Valtelina in favor of the Catholics and against the protestant Grisons, during his first mandate as Governor and Captain General of Milan, and the successful operations leading the Army of Alsace in the liberation of the fortifications of Breisach, Constance and Rheinfelden, shortly before his death, give evidence of this.

  4. Selected Lectures of the XXIII National Congress of the Italian Society of Neonatology (Società Italiana di Neonatologia, SIN; Milan (Italy; September 25-28, 2017

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    --- Various Authors

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Selected Lectures of the XXIII National Congress of the Italian Society of Neonatology (Società Italiana di Neonatologia, SIN; Milan (Italy; September 25-28, 2017Guest Editor: Mauro StronatiLECT 1. COMPLEMENTARY FEEDING IN PRETERM IN­FANTS: MYTHS AND FACTS • A. AcetiLECT 2. NEONATAL HYDRONEPHROSIS • R. AgostinianiLECT 3. WHEN A NEWBORN DIES IN NICU • M. Susi, S. Dosso, A. Anselmi, A. Bertolini, P. BibanLECT 4. RED REFLEX TESTING IMPLEMENTATION IN THE NURSERY: COMPARING EXPERIENCES • G. Araimo, S.G. Osnaghi, M. Colombo, G. Regiroli, L. Colombo, F. MoscaLECT 5. PAIN MANAGEMENT IN PREMATURE IN­FANTS. PAIN SEMIOLOGY AND ASSESS­MENT. ANALGESIA FOR SKIN BREAKING PROCEDURES • I. ArengaLECT 6. VISUAL EVOKED POTENTIALS: WHY AND WHEN PERFORM THEM • A. Baldascino, G. Amorelli, D. Lepore, F. Molle, G. D’Amico, A. CaporossiLECT 7. NURSING NEONATES SUPPORTED ON ECMO: ORGANIZATIONAL FEATURES AND CARING ASPECTS • C. Baracetti, G. Cavallaro, G. Raffaeli, L. Plevani, F. MoscaLECT 8. NEONATAL HYPO- AND HYPERGLYCEMIA: WHAT TO KNOW, WHAT TO DO • G. Barera, G. CassanoLECT 9. THE ESSENTIAL CARE LEVELS: INDICATIONS FOR THE NEWBORN • S. BattilomoLECT 10. VITAMIN D: OLD AND NEW • A. Boldrini, M. Del PistoiaLECT 11. NURSING-SENSITIVE OUTCOMES IN NEONA­TOLOGY • L. Boni, G. GarganoLECT 12. REQUIREMENTS OF MACRONUTRIENTS AND MINERALS IN PARENTERAL NUTRITION OF PRE­TERM INFANTS • V. Bozzetti, P.E. TagliabueLECT 13. KANGAROO MOTHER CARE (KMC AND NEU­ROPROTECTION • G. Calciolari, C. Artese, N. Bertoncelli, E. Beccaria, V. Chiandotto, G. Colombo, S. De Marca, R. Montirosso, G. Paterlini, N. Simeone, F. FerrariLECT 14. HEMODYNAMIC PRINCIPLES AND MANAGE­MENT OF EXTRACORPOREAL MEMBRANE OXYGENATION SUPPORT • F. Canesi, F. Conigliaro, R. Fierro, G. Cavallaro, G. Raffaeli, F. MoscaLECT 15. THE STABILIZATION OF THE NEWBORN BEFORE THE TRANSPORT • V. Cardilli, P. Repole, S. Caoci, R. CellittiLECT 16. NEONATAL EXTRACORPOREAL MEMBRANE OXYGENATION

  5. Advent of a Link between Ayurveda and Modern Health Science: The Proceedings of the First International Congress on Ayurveda, "Ayurveda: The Meaning of Life-Awareness, Environment, and Health" March 21-22, 2009, Milan, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morandi, Antonio; Tosto, Carmen; Sartori, Guido; Roberti di Sarsina, Paolo

    2011-01-01

    The First International Congress on Ayurveda was held in Milan, Italy in March 2009 and it has been the first scientific event of this kind in western world. This groundbreaking international congress was devoted to human being as the product of interactions between Awareness, Environment and Health, subjects that the West tends to consider separate and independent, but that are believed deeply connected in Ayurveda, whose interdependence defines "The Meaning of Life". The Congress established a bridge between indian and western philosophy, scientific and biomedical thinking in order to expand knowledge and healthcare. Main attention and address of the invited speakers was on the concept of "relationships" that, connecting living beings with environment, shape Nature itself. This concept is central in Ayurveda but is also common to other western scientific disciplines such as quantum physics and epigenetics that, in the four Sessions of the Congress, were represented by eminent experts. The importance of this event was underlined by the attendance of more than 400 participants and by noteworthy institutional endorsements, that added a significative political dimension of high social impact due to the topical period for CAM acceptance and integration in Europe.

  6. 卡尔维诺与米兰.昆德拉的小说美学相似性探微%On Similarities of Calvino and Milan Kundera's Novels Aesthetics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈曲

    2015-01-01

    Calvino and Milan Kundera are renowned novelists in contemporary world.They also go to the aesthetics of the novel structures.There are many similarities in their novel aesthetics.They put forward some new novel ideas of the “lightness”,“thought”and “hybridity”.It provides some new possibilities for future development of novel.%卡尔维诺与米兰。昆德拉都是当代享誉世界的小说家,他们的小说独树一格,颠覆了19世纪批判现实主义的小说传统。他们都倾心于小说美学的构建,且二者的小说美学在各具特色的同时也存在很多相似之处。他们对小说“轻”的召唤———简洁、精确的艺术,“思”的召唤———颠覆传统叙事性小说的思想小说,以及对“杂糅”的召唤———百科全书式的小说,打开了有关小说书写的新的可能性,为未来的小说发展指明了独特的路径。

  7. EPIDEMIOLOGICAL OBSERVATORY: spreading of ESBL and carbapenemase positive strains in the period between January 2007 - June 2012, at the Hospital - University Campus - Hospital “Luigi Sacco” in Milan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loredana Tocalli

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Infections caused by ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae and carbapenemases producing bacteria are a growing phenomenon which is one of the leading causes of death among elderly or immunosuppressed patients and is also associated with a higher cost of hospitalization. As worldwide, also in Italy a steady and alarming increase of these microorganisms is reported. With the present paper we present a brief review of the prevalence of ESBL-producing and carbapenemase strains isolated at the Hospital - University Campus - Hospital “Luigi Sacco” in Milan between January 2007 and June 2012. Samples ESBLs positive (Vitek2: bioMérieux, France were subjected to phenotype confirmation by E-test method (bioMérieux, France. In addition 34 K. pneumoniae carbapenemases producing strains collected between 2011 and 2012, were firstly confirmed with an Hodge test and then tested with a NASBA EasyQ KPCv1.0 test (bioMérieux, France able to detect the bla KPC gene. The data collected showed a high prevalence of ESBLs and carbapenemases producing strains. 1828 out of 15585 were positive for ESBL with the following distribution: 15.6% E. coli, 13.0% K. pneumoniae, 3.6% Enterobacter spp, 7.7% P. mirabilis and 6% P. aeruginosa. Out of 1828, 193 samples (10.5% were confirmed as positive and respectively 89.4% were E. Coli, 80% were K. pneumoniae and 89.5% were P. mirabilis. The 3.6% of strains were positive for carbapenemase: 45.3% were A. baumannii and 41.8% were P. aeruginosa. K. pneumoniae strains carbapenemase positive were confirmed in 100% of cases by the Hodge test and in 97% of cases by molecular investigation.

  8. 米兰·昆德拉在新时期中国译介的意义评述%On the Significance of the Translation and Introduction of Milan Kundera’s Works in China’s New Epoch

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐宜修

    2015-01-01

    新时期以来,捷克籍文学大师昆德拉的一系列小说作品和文论著作在中国内地获得广泛译介,并产生深远影响。通过分析新时期中国译介者与研究者对昆德拉的介绍与评论、新时期中国译介昆德拉的背景、昆德拉对新时期中国作家的影响,可以发现,昆德拉在新时期中国译介的意义体现在中外思想、文学、文化交流等各个层面上。%In the New Epoch,a series of works by Milan Kundera,a Czech born literary master, were translated and introduced into mainland China,exerting long lasting influence in many ways. Through the analysis of the introduction and reviews of Kundera made by Chinese translators and re-searchers,the background of the translation and introduction of Kundera and the influence exerted by Kundera on Chinese contemporary writers,it can be concluded that the translation and introduction of Kundera's works in the New Epoch is of great significance,with regard to the exchange of thoughts,lit-erature,and culture between Chinese and foreign backgrounds.

  9. 米兰·昆德拉《玩笑》中的哲学思想新探%An Exploration of the Philosophical Ideas Reflecting in Milan Kundera’s Joke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵谦

    2014-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉小说创作的处女作《玩笑》不仅是一部“政治小说”与“爱情小说”,更是一部“哲学小说”。对于小说中蕴含着的哲学思想,国内外学界主要从存在主义的视角进行了分析。然而细读文本,我们可以管窥到许多新的哲学理念,主要包括感伤主义哲学﹑矛盾哲学以及精神生态哲学。全面解读这些新的哲学思想,将为我们深入地理解昆德拉的小说创作提供一个崭新的视角,也能加深我们对人生哲学的思考,以一种积极超然的心态去面对未来的挑战。%Joke, the first novel written by Milan Kundera, is not only a political novel with love story, but also a philosophical one. Scholars from both home and abroad have analyzed the novel from the perspective of existentialism. By extensive reading, we can find many new philosophical ideas, including sentimentalism, contradictions as well as spiritual ecology. The analysis of these philosophies will help us in the deep understanding of the novel. At the same time, it can reinforce our thinking towards our lives so as to face the future with an active attitude.

  10. Verona/Milano, andata e ritorno. Appunti sulla presenza dei pittori veronesi a Milano nel XIX secolo / Verona/Milano, there and back. Notes on Verona’s painters in Milan in the 19th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Casotto

    2013-11-01

    due città ha delle ripercussioni anche sul linguaggio artistico dei veronesi, il quale si differenzia dalla restante arte veneta – in massima parte influenzata dalla tradizione veneziana – proprio per una certa affinità con la pittura lombarda.   The study aims to illustrate (when it is possible also through artists’ writings the stories of the Verona’s painters who, in the nineteenth century, seek their fortune in Milan, which was the most updated artistic center in North Italy, especially beaucase of its Academy and its frequented exhibitions. This "migration" occurs because, during the Hapsburg’s rule (1815 - 1866, Verona becomes the pivot of the military system of the Regno Lombardo - Veneto and, consequently, the development of the city is subordinated to the needs of the military companies that stay or transit through its territory. Therefore military buildings and the means for long distance communications are increased, but the development of the city and the creation of small industries and businesses, that can help Verona’s people, are disregarded. In this situation, the art market is slack, both for the lack of public and private buyers, and for the few exhibitions organized during these difficult years. Also the Verona’s Academy experiences hard tiemes, due to outdated teaching methods and to the lack of money: in this situation the quality of teaching gets worse, so the artists, who have studied at this school, are unprepared to compete with painters coming from other italian Academies. After the unification of Italy and especially after the reform of the School of fine art of Verona (1873, the relationship between Verona and Milan becomes more complex: not only Verona’s painters go to Milan for studing and exhibiting their works of art, but also the authors from Lombardia do not disdain the shows of the Venetian city and even they aim at the direction of Verona’s Academy. Finally, it should be noted that the link between the two

  11. 执著的抗争与绝望的虚幻--兼论《野草》与《不能承受的生命之轻》中的存在主义倾向%Persevering Fight and Desperate Illusory:On Lu Xun and Milan Kundera’s Life Philosophies in the Wild Grass and Unable to Bear the Life of the Light

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐小平

    2013-01-01

    Under the embarrassing realistic environment, both Lu Xun and Milan Kundera, made close super-organic thinking of life, so, distinct existentialism tendency is presented in both Wild Grass and Unable to Bear the Life of the Light. But facing predicament, Lu Xun selected fight, while Milan Kundera, walked towards the illusory.%在现实环境极为困窘的状态下,鲁迅和米兰·昆德拉都对人生进行了形而上的艰难思索,所以,在《野草》和《不能承受的生命之轻》中都呈现出鲜明的存在主义倾向。但是,面对困境,鲁迅选择的是抗争,而昆德拉则走向了虚幻。

  12. O Lugar da Leitura Silenciosa e da Leitura Oral na vida de Ambrósio, Bispo de Milão (Século IV d. C. * The Place of Silent Reading and Oral Reading in the Life of Ambrose, Bishop of Milan (Fourth-Century A.D.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JANIRA FELICIANO POHLMANN

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Neste artigo nos propomos a relacionar elementos próprios da leitura silenciosa e da leitura oral na vida de Aurélio Ambrósio, bispo da cidade de Milão entre os anos de 374 e 397. Também aproveitamos a oportunidade para esclarecer algumas funções episcopais assinaladas por Ambrósio, especialmente a tarefa de ensinar. Para tanto, entre as obras examinadas para a execução deste trabalho, ressaltamos De Officiis Ministrorum Libri Tres e Exameron, de autoria do próprio bispo milanês, e o livro Confessionis de Agostinho, discípulo de Ambrósio.Palavras-chave: Ambrósio – Bispo – Leitura silenciosa. Abstract: In this article we propose to relate elements own of silent reading and reading oral in the life of Aurelius Ambrosius, bishop of the city of Milan between the years of 374 and 397. Also took the opportunity to clarify some episcopal functions signaled by Ambrosius, specially the task of teaching. For the achievement of our goals, we mainly examined De Officiis Ministrorum Libri Tres and Exameron, authored by own bishop milanese, and the book Confessionis of Augustinus, disciple of Ambrosius.Keywords: Ambrosius – Bishop – Silent reading.

  13. The presence of bilobar tumor should be considered as a new limit for transplantation beyond the Milan criteria? A presença de tumor bilobar deve ser considerado novo limite para exclusão de transplante em pacientes que excedem os critérios de Milão?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raul Carlos Wahle

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: An imprecise estimate of the tumor's aggressiveness of the hepatocellular carcinoma especially in transplanted patients beyond the Milan criteria has a poor outcome, although a more reliable criteria including microscopic vascular invasion is difficult to be established before transplantation. AIM: To examine a cohort of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing liver transplantation to evaluate the preoperative predicting factors for microscopic vascular invasion. METHODS: A series of 46 consecutive cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing transplantation based on Milan criteria or similar criteria in a single center were enrolled between 1993 and 2007. The survival was calculated using Kaplan-Meyer's method and a multivariate Cox regression was performed to evaluate survival and factors related to microscopic vascular invasion. RESULTS: Multifocal tumors were present in 39%. Microvascular invasion, tumor relapses and hepatocellular carcinoma beyond the Milan criteria were identified in 33%, 13% and 33%, respectively. Overall 1-, 3-, and 5-year actuarial patient survival rates were 64%, 59% and 45% respectively. Patients who exceeded the Milan criteria had a higher incidence of microscopic vascular invasion and bilobar tumor compared to those who met the Milan criteria (53% vs. 23% and 80% vs. 19%; pRACIONAL: A recidiva tumoral após o transplante de fígado para o carcinoma hepatocelular tem grande impacto desfavorável na mortalidade e a presença de invasão microvascular desempenha papel importante na recidiva tumoral. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a sobrevida, o risco de recidiva tumoral pós-transplante e os fatores relacionados à invasão microvascular de uma série de transplantados por carcinoma hepatocelular. MÉTODOS: No período entre 1993 e 2007 foi estudada uma série consecutiva de 46 cirróticos com carcinoma hepatocelular submetidos à transplante de fígado baseado nos critérios de Milão a partir

  14. Exploring Academic Entrepreneurship in the Milan Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colapinto, Cinzia

    2011-01-01

    Academic entrepreneurship has become an increasingly important means by which universities can contribute to the economic development of a country. In Italy, universities have produced more than 700 academic spin-off companies in the last ten years. This paper uses case studies to develop an understanding of the key factors that underpin the…

  15. 都市热卖:Milan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    在转变了旗舰店经营理念之后,全新的Dolce&Gabbana多品牌概念店会长期推出极具潜力的设计界新秀,如Yigal Azrouel、Martin Grant、Behnaz Sarafpour、MarcPhilippe Couderyre、Kinder Aggugini、Girlsfrom Osk等艺术家的作品。

  16. Nash tshelovek v Milane / Ksenia Repson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Repson, Ksenia

    2006-01-01

    Eesti Kunstiakadeemia tööstusdisaini eriala III kursuse tudeng Pavel Sidorenko sai I koha ja kursusekaaslane Anna-Maria Einla II koha noorte disainerite konkursil Massimo Martini Design Award Milanos. Konkursi korraldusest, Sidorenko ja Einla konkursitöödest

  17. Roman versus politique chez Milan Kundera

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanova, Velichka

    2016-01-01

    Le xxe siècle a vu le règne et l’effondrement de régimes politiques dictatoriaux. Convaincus que l’homme dirige l’histoire vers le bonheur et le progrès, leurs adeptes affirmaient avoir déjà réalisé l’utopie et assuré le bonheur collectif. Expulsée du non-lieu imaginaire auquel elle appartient, l’aspiration à une vie meilleure devient idéologie et se trouve soudain inféodée au pouvoir. L’idéologie, que Paul de Man définit comme « la confusion de la réalité linguistique avec la réalité naturel...

  18. Towards a new scenary for research assessment: the institutional repository (AIR of Milan University Verso un nuovo scenario per la valutazione della ricerca: l'Archivio Istituzionale della Ricerca (AIR dell'Università di Milano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Galimberti

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work is to report about the unconventional use of an institutional repository, that has been used as data source to assess the scientific production and productivity within the Departments of the Faculty of Letters at the University of Milan.The analysis of the results of the pilot shows that the archive and the data manager are a valid instrument to aggregate and analyze large quantities of bibliographic metadata, so the pilot can be extended to the whole university.A comparison with other universities is difficult since the use of institutional respositories is not so widespread, and there is no security on the coverage and the comprehensiveness of the data inside them. To conclude, there is a strong necessity to widen the presence and the usage of institutional repositories, according to the Recommendations of the Conference of the Rectors of Italian Universities (CRUI, and to update methodologies and processes of evaluation considering new models of production, fruition, and dissemination of scientific outputs. Moreover, the open access approach not only widens the potentialities of an easier access to information, but modifies the fruition of the information itself.The evaluative scenario must adapt to the new circumstances, as well as web circulation of the information has modified the measurability of contents with respect to the results in the publications themselves.Il presente lavoro esamina l'esperienza dell'utilizzo dell'archivio istituzionale dell'Università degli Studi di Milano come fonte di informazione per la valutazione interna dei prodotti della ricerca dei Dipartimenti della Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofia.  Attraverso l'analisi dei risultati dell'esercizio pilota, l'archivio e il sistema di elaborazione di dati in esso contenuti si sono rivelati un ottimo strumento per l'aggregazione e l'analisi di grandi quantità di metadati bibliografici qualitativamente affidabili e utilizzabili per esercizi di

  19. The prognostic value of combined analysis of KLF4 expression and the Milan criteria in hepatocellular carcinoma patients after orthotopic liver transplantation%KLF4表达联合米兰标准在肝癌肝移植受者预后分析中的价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙红成; 彭志海

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the prognostic value of combined analysis of the biomarker Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) and the Milan criteria in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients treated by orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT).Method The clinicopathological data and outcome of the recruited 105 HCC patients undergoing OLT from October 2001 to April 2009 were retrospectively analyzed.KLF4 expression in HCC and paired non-tumor tissue was detected by immonohistochemistry and confirmed by Western blotting analysis.Five-year overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate and survival curves of the grouped patients were calculated and plotted by Kaplan-Meier method.Result The level of KLF4 expression was lower in HCC than that in paired non-tumor tissue (P<0.05).KLF4 expression was significantly lower in poorly differentiated HCC than that in well-moderately differentiated HCC (P =0.008).Loss of KLF4 was an independent risk factor for predicting tumor recurrence and survival of HCC after OLT (HR =0.459 and 5.42,respectively,P<0.001).The level of KLF4 expression could not differentiate the OS and RFS rate in the patients with tumors meeting the Milan criteria,whereas the OS and RFS rate in the patients with tumors exceeding the Milan criteria differentiated according to KLF4 expression.The patients with tumors beyond the Milan criteria and exhibiting moderate to high KLF4 expression had unexpectedly favorable 5-year OS (91.7%) and RFS (70.5%) rate.Conclusion KLF4 is a useful biomarker for prognostication of HCC patients undergoing OLT.Integrated use of KLF4 biomarker and the Milan criteria improves accurate prediction of survival and tumor recurrence for HCC patients after OLT.%目的 探讨转录因子Krüppel样因子4(KLF4)作为分子标志物联合米兰标准预测肝癌患者肝移植预后的价值.方法 回顾性分析2001年至2009年间接受肝移植的105例肝细胞肝癌患者的病例资料,应用免疫组织化学、蛋白质印

  20. Endless Desire and the Eternal Loneliness --Milan Kundla Has Revealed the Living Difficult Position of the Modern Sexual Relations%无尽的欲望与永恒的孤独——米兰·昆德拉对现代两性生存困境的揭示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张天景

    2012-01-01

    Milan Kundera described relations between the sexes survival figure environment performance: the women became a tool of the man to solve the problem, confusion and abnormal sexual game, and tensions of the body and soul. Relations between the sexes showing a downturn in the spirit of space: the endless desire and eternal thirst, chase, escape and the ultimate nothingness. It all came from love's lack of ability and habitat loss. . Endless desire and the eternal loneliness, male and female only joined hands to each other, lighted each other, to explore and recast the common spirit home.%米兰·昆德拉笔下两性关系的生存图境表现为:女人沦为男人解决问题的工具,混乱变态的性游戏,灵与肉的紧张对立。两性关系呈现出低迷的精神空间:无尽的欲望与永恒的饥渴,追逐中的逃离与最终的虚无,主动的淡出与灵魂的宁静。这一切源于爱的能力的匮乏与诗意栖居的丧失。无尽的欲望与永恒的孤独相伴,两性只有携起手来,互相辉照,才能穿越孤独的荒漠,寻找诗意的栖居。

  1. Excursion to Milan with Cisalpino and Carlson Wagonlit Travel

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    Special offer for CERN staff and their family. Offer valid: - from 20th May to 12th July 2009 (last return) - only in first class - on direct trains from Geneva or Lausanne Return price per person: CHF 146.00 from Geneva CHF 130.00 from Lausanne Conditions : - reservation only via Carlson Wagonlit Travel, CERN - return reservation compulsory - reservation at least 3 days before departure - tickets are not changeable and not refundable - CWT agency fee not included: CHF 25.00 per order - maximum 4 persons per order - no other reduction possible - limited number of seats Enjoy your lunch in an exclusive and traditional place : in the 1st floor of "Zucca in Galleria" http://www.caffemiani.it EUR 44.00 per person (instead of about 80 Euros) Included: Aperitif, antipasti, main dish, dessert, wine/water, coffee. (Closed on Mondays) Reservation: mailto:business@cisalpino.com

  2. An ‘archaeological excavation’ in the Milan Central Station. Architecture and narration in the Memorial of the Shoah of Milan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guido Mario Morpurgo

    2016-06-01

    In this sense, the station becomes the subject of a critical modification through an imaginary and physical excavation that reveals the immense, ‘total’ solidity of this archaeological find of our time. The project offers a new interpretation of correspondence between a plan and a construction system using a ‘principle of distancing’, a physical and temporal gap between the new parts and the ‘remains’. By reworking all the elements of the station – through a process of reassembling – the project witnesses to the tragedy of the Shoah, without any further comment. Through the critical interpretation of the document-monument, architecture reaffirms the ethical dimension of memory. Keywords: Memory, Narration, Archaeology, Distancing, Assemblage

  3. Enterovirus D68-associated community-acquired pneumonia in children living in Milan, Italy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Esposito, Susanna; Zampiero, Alberto; Ruggiero, Luca; Madini, Barbara; Niesters, Hubert; Principi, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    Background: An increasing number of children infected by enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) and affected by severe respiratory illness, muscle weakness and paralysis were described in the USA and Canada in 2014 Objectives: To investigate the potential involvement of EV-D68 in determining community-acquired pn

  4. La dimension symbolique du capital social: les grandes cercles et Rotary clubs de Milan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cousin, B.; Chauvin, S.

    2010-01-01

    Les cercles et clubs bourgeois des métropoles européennes ont jusqu'ici surtout fait l'objet de monographies isolées. Le cas milanais permet de passer à une analyse relationnelle : les institutions de gestion collective du capital social des classes dominantes y forment en effet un espace de jeu et

  5. “The Milan Papyrus” – Seminal Discovery of New Hellenistic Verses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelena Isak Kres

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available The publication of some newly discovered poems, probably to be attributed to the Hellenistic epigrammatist Posidippus of Pella, is the most significant recent contribution to the corpus of Greek literature. The sheer amount of the poetry and the light which it sheds on our understanding of the literary period makes it the most important discovery in decades, comparable to the papyrus discoveries of Bacchylides, Menander, and Sappho. Moreover, the text is considered to be the earliest collection of Greek poetry organised on aesthetic principles.

  6. Milan Army Ammunition Plant. Remedial Investigation Report. Volume 4. Appendices M - T

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    oak Quercus alba Willow oak Quercus phellos Osage orange Maclura pomifera Pecan Carya illinoensis Persimmon Diospyros virginiana Loblolly pine Pinus...Sweet gum Liquidambar styraciflua Pignut hickory Carya glabra Shagbark hickory Ca,’ya ovata Holly h1ex opaca Black locust Acer rubrum Black oak Quercus

  7. Social networks, information and health care utilization: evidence from undocumented immigrants in Milan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devillanova, Carlo

    2008-03-01

    This paper uses a novel dataset and research design to examine the effects of information networks on immigrants' access to health care. The dataset consists of an unusually large sample of undocumented immigrants and contains a direct indicator of information networks-whether an immigrant was referred to health care opportunities by a strong social tie (relative or friend). This measure allows to overcome some of the major identification issues that afflict most of the existing literature on network effects and to concentrate on one of the channels through which social contacts might operate. The analysis focuses on the time spent in Italy before an immigrant first receives medical assistance. Estimates indicate that networks significantly foster health care utilization: after controlling for all available individual characteristics and for ethnic heterogeneity, I find that relying on a strong social tie reduces the time to visit by 30%. The effect of information networks is stable across specifications and it is relatively large. Further investigation seems to confirm the quantitative importance of networks as an information device.

  8. CHARM OF AUTHOR INTERVENTION: NARRATIVE THEORETICAL ANALYSIS ON MILAN KUNDERAS WORKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma Feng

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Article discusses the narrative of "interference" theory. The discussion with the authors intervention and then gives a detailed and profound discussion. The author uses four ways to carry out the intervention, such as "deliberate go away, having no intention of sneaking, into the intention of the highlights, at random creative". This article talks about the creation of a detailed narrative analysis and has a further exploration about the effect of narrative. Under such theory frame and the synthesis, this article is attempting a utilization of the narrative theory to the text explanation.

  9. Signoles Aude, Le Hamas au pouvoir et après ?, Toulouse, Editions Milan, 2006.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Legrain

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Dans les étroites limites imposées par la collection (absence totale de notes et de bibliographie, 112 p. en format réduit, le petit livre d’Aude Signoles, Le Hamas au pouvoir et après ?, commence à combler un vide de l’édition française. Le seul livre jusque là disponible en français et entièrement consacré à Hamas remonte à 7 années maintenant ; doté de nombreuses erreurs factuelles et faisant comme si Hamas était apparu avec l’autonomie des années 1990, il ignorait tout de son passé d’Ass...

  10. Come Near to Milan Kundera%走近米兰·昆德拉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩继磊

    2003-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉的小说不以内容取胜,而是以内容和形式结合取胜.他以自己特殊的身份、特殊的写作手法、特殊的小说主题表现、创造出来的独立的价值观、独特的小说作品屹立于世界文坛.充斥于他小说中的饱满的情感、深刻的思辩、沉重的历史感、出人意料的幽默,无不证明着一个睿智的小说大家的存在.

  11. 浅谈昆德拉的小说创作%Simply Analyzing Milan Kundera's Fictioneering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈秀娟

    2008-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉小说创作的独特之处体现在三个方面:一是作品的思想性,他认为"思想"是借以进行"存在之思"的必经之路;二是作品的复调艺术,文体杂糅与时空轮回是昆德拉式复调艺术的表现形式,也是其特色所在;三是作品的幽默艺术,题材的幽默化设置和人物与背景关系的幽默化设置是昆德拉式幽默艺术的两条实现途径.

  12. Inspection Activities on Archaeological Sites in Milan. The Case of Imperial Mausoleum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chiara Baratto

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Il progetto “Milano Archeologia” riguardante i resti di strutture della Milano romana si è avvalso di metodi e strumenti specifici, come la raccolta dei dati pregressi attraverso la ricerca d’archivio, e il riscontro delle informazioni attraverso sopralluoghi e quindi il contatto diretto con i monumenti. Un caso particolarmente significativo è il complesso dell’area funeraria di “San Vittore al Corpo” in cui si conservano anche i resti di un grandioso mausoleo imperiale. Il recinto che delimita lo spazio della necropoli a partire dal IV secolo d.C. si conserva al di sotto di due edifici moderni, mentre il resti del mausoleo si trovano al di sotto della attuale chiesa di S. Vittore. L’analisi dei dati raccolti ha permesso di individuare analogie e differenze tra le strutture ancora visibili, per esempio nelle tecniche adottate per l’alzato o le fondazioni, e ha fornito la conoscenza necessaria per ipotizzare soluzioni concrete di tutela e valorizzazione dei beni.

  13. Redevelopment of Milan Fair Historical Exhibition Complex%米兰Fiera区再开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    在2004年7月矶崎新与Zaha Hadid 和Daniel Libeskind一起赢得了位于米兰市中心附近的老Fiera地区的再开发方案国际竞赛。整个开发区的面积共有255000m2,而竞赛章程则规定将其中一半保留为公园。这是一个邀请竞赛而参赛者则是由开发商和建筑师一起组成的,许多国际上著名的建筑师如Renzo Piano、Norman Foster、Frank Gehry、Raphael Moneo、Dominique Perrault,妹岛和世等都参加了这个竞赛。

  14. Urban Gardeners’ Motivations in a Metropolitan City: The Case of Milan

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ruggeri, Giordano; Mazzocchi, Chiara; Corsi, Stefano

    2016-01-01

    .... While multifunctionality of UG is well documented, only a few studies investigated individual gardeners' motivations, which can be subjective and heavily affected by the local context in which it takes place...

  15. Enterovirus D68-associated community-acquired pneumonia in children living in Milan, Italy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Esposito, Susanna; Zampiero, Alberto; Ruggiero, Luca; Madini, Barbara; Niesters, Hubert; Principi, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    Background: An increasing number of children infected by enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) and affected by severe respiratory illness, muscle weakness and paralysis were described in the USA and Canada in 2014 Objectives: To investigate the potential involvement of EV-D68 in determining community-acquired pn

  16. Charm of Author intervention: Narrative Theoretical Analysis on Milan Kundera’s Works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma Feng

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Article discusses the narrative of "interference" theory. The discussion with the author’s intervention and then gives a detailed and profound discussion. The author uses four ways to carry out the intervention, such as "deliberate go away, having no intention of sneaking, into the intention of the highlights, at random creative". This article talks about the creation of a detailed narrative analysis and has a further exploration about the effect of narrative. Under such theory frame and the synthesis, this article is attempting a utilization of the narrative theory to the text explanation.

  17. Blood pressure and 10-year mortality risk in the Milan Geriatrics 75+ Cohort Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ogliari, Giulia; Westendorp, Rudi G J; Muller, Majon

    2015-01-01

    75+ Cohort Study. SUBJECTS: one thousand five hundred and eighty-seven outpatients aged 75 years and over. METHODS: the relations of systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) with mortality risk were analysed using Cox proportional hazards models. Blood pressure, Mini-Mental State Examination...... (MMSE) and Basic Activities of Daily Living (ADL) were assessed at baseline. All analyses were adjusted for socio-demographic factors, co-morbidities and medications. RESULTS: one thousand and forty-six patients died during 10-year follow-up. The relationships of SBP and DBP with mortality risk were U......-shaped; SBP of 165 mmHg and DBP of 85 mmHg were associated with the lowest mortality. Patients with SBP 60) higher mortality risk than patients with SBP 160-179 mmHg (P values 0...

  18. Designing MOOCs in Higher Education. Outcomes of an experimentation at the Catholic University of Milan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferrari Simona

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to describe the meaning and pedagogical reasons for MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses utilisation in higher education. Initially, we consider the situation in the Italian education, where MOOCs usually were used as tools for the universities’ marketing strategies. Knowing this, Catholic University built the MOOC on Digital Virtues for imaging a new way of thinking about these kinds of formative activities. The results are interesting in terms of dropout rates, branding and customer satisfaction. The key, as the survey we present in this article shows, is quality and reputation.

  19. Evaluation of Various Organic Fertilizer Substrates and Hydraulic Retention Times for Enhancing Anaerobic Degradation of Explosives-Contaminated Groundwater While Using Constructed Wetlands at the Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Milan, Tennessee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-05-01

    sparging or pruning -. Seei manual sect: 5. Injection Technique As soon as the INJECT light comes on, inject the sample into the POC sparger through the...or perforated glass beads is not satisfactory to obtain smooth boiiing. Hengar chips are available from Arthur H. Thomas Company, Vine & Third

  20. The management of ductal intraepithelial neoplasia (DIN): open controversies and guidelines of the Istituto Europeo di Oncologia (IEO), Milan, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farante, Gabriel; Zurrida, Stefano; Galimberti, Viviana; Veronesi, Paolo; Curigliano, Giuseppe; Luini, Alberto; Goldhirsch, Aron; Veronesi, Umberto

    2011-07-01

    The management of ductal intraepithelial neoplasia (DIN) has substantially changed over the past 30 years, as its incidence has increased (from 2-3% to more than 20%), mainly due to the widespread use of mammography screening. This article describes not only the more widespread theoretical concepts on DIN but also the differences in the practical applications of the theory between different countries, different oncology specialists, and different cancer centers. Papers related to the international multicentre-randomized trials and retrospective studies were analyzed. We include articles and papers published between 1993 and 2010 related to patients with DIN, and abstracts and reports from MEDLINE and other sources were indentified. The standard of care for DIN consists of (a) breast conservative surgery (mastectomy is still indicated in large lesions--masses or microcalcifications--in about 30% of cases); (b) radiotherapy (RT) after conservative surgery, and (c) medical treatment in estrogen receptors-positive patients. However, most studies have shown significant differences between theory and practical application. Moreover, there are differences regarding (a) the indications of sentinel lymph node biopsy, (b) the definition and identification of low-risk DIN subgroups that can avoid RT and tamoxifen, and (c) the research into new alternative drugs in adjuvant medical therapy. A general agreement on the best management of DIN does not exist as yet. New large trials are needed in order to define the best management of DIN patients which is (in most respects) still complex and controversial.

  1. Façade Greening: High-rise apartment building in Milan using pre-stressed concrete slab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wenning; Li, Mingxin; Han, Yinong; Wang, Moqi; Ansourian, Peter

    2016-08-01

    In this project, one single level of the Façade Greening was designed and modelled using finite element method in Strand7. A static analysis was performed in order to understand the deflection and the stress due to the extra loads imposed by the soil and plants. The results produced by the linear static solver are compared with the strength of the materials and the European limitations. The maximum tension stress which exceeds the tensile strength in concrete is found in the root of the cantilever balcony. An alternative design of the cantilevered balcony with pre-stressed concrete slab is modelled separately for the balcony. Decrease is found in the tension stress and the significant improvement of deflection of the balcony with pre-stressed concrete slab. The dynamic loads such as wind and earthquake did not suggest significant effect on the pre-stressed concrete slab.

  2. Final Remedial Investigation Sampling Plan Addendum. Milan Army Ammunition Plant Remedial Investigation Southern Study Area (Operable Unit No. 5)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-09-01

    planned to address these areas. Other field activities will consist of documenting (mapping) surficial extent of these areas via visual inspection...mapping) surficial extent of these areas via visual inspection & field measurements. All sampling activities will be performed with site clearance

  3. Remitting infections due to community-acquired Panton-Valentine leukocidin-producing Staphylococcus aureus in the Milan area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimoldi, Sara Giordana; Pagani, Cristina; Longhi, Erika; Di Cristo, Valentina; Di Gregorio, Annamaria; Mancon, Alessandro; Zerbi, Pietro; Gervasoni, Cristina; Gismondo, Maria Rita; Riva, Agostino

    2017-09-05

    One of the most important Staphylococcus aureus virulence factors is Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL). We describe an outbreak of recurrent cutaneous PVL infections in different members of three family clusters. Molecular investigations were performed to confirm the presence of the mecA and PVL genes and to assign the SCCmec type, sequence type (ST) and clonal relatedness. A strain of PVL-producing methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) was responsible for infection in two related families (A and B), and a third family (C) was infected with PVL-producing methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA). Molecular investigations revealed the same clone of community-acquired (CA)-MRSA, PVL positive ST8, and SCCmec IV in families A and B and CA-MSSA PVL positive ST15 in family C. S. aureus PVL may give rise to recurrent uncontrolled infections that are difficult to eradicate, and close family contacts are at high risk for transmission. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  4. 米兰·昆德拉的小说艺术观%Milan Kundera's Artistic Ideas on Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭少健

    2003-01-01

    昆德拉放弃诗歌转而致力于小说创作是要在风云激荡的时代背景下探询人的存在的可能性;其小说具有一种知性小说的特性;他对小说形式的不懈探索使他堪称小说艺术的魔术师.

  5. On the art of Milan kundera's novel%米兰·昆德拉小说艺术初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪梅

    2002-01-01

    捷克流亡作家米兰·昆德拉提出了"存在"之思的小说观,认为小说主题是对"存在"的质询,他把作品的重点放在对人的"存在"的阐释上,从而形成哲理思辨型小说.昆德拉在小说创作上进行了一系列探索:诸如"彻底剥离"的艺术方式、"对位法式的新艺术"、"专具小说特点的论文式的新艺术"等等,都曾被他成功地尝试过.昆德拉善于在言简意赅的叙事中解剖纷至沓来的存在,从而形成了自己清新而独特的艺术风格,也为人们提供了丰富的创作经验.

  6. On the Structures of Milan Kundera's Novels%米兰·昆德拉小说的结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文学

    2008-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉以音乐介入文学作品,他的小说以"章节结构"和"四个人物结构"为特征,米兰·昆德拉的小说是一种彻底的简洁的新艺术,内容复杂,但并不失去结构的清晰性、统一性.

  7. 昆德拉热与文化犬儒主义%A Craze for Milan Kundera and Cultural Cynicism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宏图

    2007-01-01

    上世纪80年代中国大陆昆德拉热形成的一个重要缘由,在于其作品中蕴含的政治批判与历史反思触动了与捷克等东欧国家有着相似历史境遇的中国人的神经,激起了人们的强烈共鸣.但这并不是其作品受到热烈欢迎与追捧的全部原因.昆德格的作品之所以已成为和日本作家村上春树齐首并肩的小资读本,成为人们炫耀文化教养和社会地位的标签,根本原因在于,构成其作品内核的鲜明的自由主义伦理学以及隐合的犬儒主义倾向起了关键性的作用.可以说,它与当代中国的文化语境构成了一种微妙的对应关系.另外,中国传统文化缺乏对超验的神圣价值的信仰,而崇尚无可无不可的犬儒主义则大行其道,这也成为昆德拉作品受到人们欢迎的深层土壤.

  8. The Milan Kundera from the Chinese Perspective%中国视野下的米兰·昆德拉

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘继明

    2004-01-01

    @@ 据说米兰·昆德拉的作品正在中国掀起一股新的热潮,也不知道是真是假.前一阵子,包括网络在内的各类媒体谈论昆德拉俨然也成了一个颇为热门的话题.有人言辞凿凿地撰文说,这股悄然兴起的"昆德拉热"已经从文学界、知识界,延伸和扩展到自领阶层乃至"城市小资"等时尚读书消费群体,成为了一种流行文化品味和身份的标志.

  9. On Milan Kundera's Narrative Metaphor%米兰·昆德拉的隐喻式叙事

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷敏

    2010-01-01

    隐喻本身是文学的一个内在特性,因此隐喻式的叙事是文化诗学的一个有机组成部分,隐喻存在于米兰·昆德拉的小说诗学之中,而这些也表现出了米兰·昆德拉人生观念和思考态度.本文对其小说文本作了详尽的分析,并且从深层意义上论述了米兰·昆德拉的隐喻式叙事.

  10. DESIGN ANALYSIS AND TRENDS FROM 2016 MILAN DESIGN WEEK%2016米兰家具展趋势分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗琳

    2016-01-01

    一年一度的米兰家具展中包含着当下的、并反映出未来的设计与设计业趋势.本人根据在线设计媒体及各厂牌在米兰家具展期间所发布的信息,结合对米兰家具展及产品设计咨询的持续关注,梳理出2016年米兰家具展在色彩材质、设计方向、设计与商业三方面的7个趋势——色彩材质方面包括“北欧风色彩(Nordic Colors)”、“折衷的奢华:大理石、雾面金色(The Trace of Luxury:Marble,Matte Gold)”;设计方向方面包括“环保驱动(Eco-Driven)”、“智能与交互(Smarter Furniture)”、“为孩童设计(Design For Children)”;设计与商业方面包括“设计师设立品牌(Designers Launching Brands)”、“众筹(Crowd Funding)”.

  11. Comparison of 7 years of satellite-borne and ground-based tropospheric NO2 measurements around Milan, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    OrdóñEz, C.; Richter, A.; Steinbacher, M.; Zellweger, C.; Nüß, H.; Burrows, J. P.; PréVôT, A. S. H.

    2006-03-01

    Tropospheric NO2 vertical column densities (VCDs) over the Lombardy region were retrieved from measurements of the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) spectrometer for the period 1996-2002 using a differential optical absorption method. This data set was compared with in situ measurements of NO2 at around 100 ground stations in the Lombardy region, northern Italy. The tropospheric NO2 VCDs are reasonably well correlated with the near-surface measurements under cloud-free conditions. However, the slope of the tropospheric VCDs versus ground measurements is higher in autumn-winter than in spring-summer. This effect is clearly reduced when the peroxyacetyl nitrate and nitric acid (HNO3) interferences of conventional NOx analyzers are taken into account. For a more quantitative comparison, the NO2 ground measurements were scaled to tropospheric VCDs using a seasonal NO2 vertical profile over northern Italy calculated by the Model of Ozone and Related Tracers 2 (MOZART-2). The tropospheric VCDs retrieved from satellite and those determined from ground measurements agree well, with a correlation coefficient R = 0.78 and a slope close to 1 for slightly polluted stations. GOME cannot reproduce the high NO2 amounts over the most polluted stations, mainly because of the large spatial variability in the distribution of pollution within the GOME footprint. The yearly and weekly cycles of the tropospheric NO2 VCDs are similar for both data sets, with significantly lower values in the summer months and on Sundays, respectively. Considering the pollution level and high aerosol concentrations of this region, the agreement is very good. Furthermore, uncertainties in the ground-based measurements, including the extrapolation to NO2 VCDs, might be as important as those of the NO2 satellite retrieval itself.

  12. Analytical characterisation of inorganic suspended matter in the Milan aerosol by micro FT-IR spectroscopy (Part 2)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pozzi, A. [Como Univ. dell' Insubria, Como (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze Chimiche, Fisiche e Matematiche; Cariati, F.; Fermo, P. [Milan Univ., Milan (Italy). Dipt. di Chimica Inorganica, Metallorganica e Analitica; Consonni, V.; Todeschini, R. [Milan Univ. Bicocca, Milan (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze dell' Ambiente e del Territorio, Chemometric and QSAR Research Group

    2000-08-01

    Infrared spectra of an urban aerosol sample selected by an impactor have been analysed by using PCA and PLS multivariate analyses. The presence of carbonates, nitrates, sulphates silicates and ammonium salts have been observed. The experimental spectra have been simulated as linear combinations of reference spectra. [Italian] Gli spettri IR di un campione di aerosol urbano selezionato con un impactor, sono stati analizzati utilizzando le analisi multivariate PCA e PLS. E' stata osservata la presenza di carboni, nitrati, solfati, silicati e sali di ammonio. Gli spettri sperimentali sono stati confrontati con gli spettri ottenuti come combinazioni lineari degli spettri di composti di riferimento.

  13. 78 FR 57874 - Federal Property Suitable as Facilities to Assist the Homeless

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-20

    ... Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development, HUD. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: This Notice... kitchen Reasons: Extensive deterioration Tennessee J0139 Milan AAP Milan TN 38358 Landholding Agency:...

  14. Measurement of airborne 131I, 134Cs, and 137Cs nuclides due to the Fukushima reactors accident in air particulate in Milan (Italy)

    CERN Document Server

    Clemenza, Massimiliano; Previtali, Ezio; Sala, Elena

    2011-01-01

    After the earthquake and the tsunami occurred in Japan on 11th March 2011, four of the Fukushima reactors had released in air a large amount of radioactive isotopes that had been diffused all over the world. The presence of airborne 131I, 134Cs, and 137Cs in air particulate due to this accident has been detected and measured in the Low Radioactivity Laboratory operating in the Department of Environmental Sciences of the University of Milano-Bicocca. The sensitivity of the detecting apparatus is of 0.2 \\mu Bq/m3 of air. Concentration and time distribution of these radionuclides were determined and some correlations with the original reactor releases were found. Radioactive contaminations ranging from a few to 400 \\mu Bq/m3 for the 131I and of a few tens of \\mu Bq/m3 for the 137Cs and 134Cs have been detected

  15. 从昆德拉的"第二滴眼泪"到现代人的信仰姿态%Thoughts over Milan Kundera's "Second Drop of Tears"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂险峰

    2004-01-01

    昆德拉笔下的"第二滴眼泪"现象,意味着某种"对镜自照式"情感姿态:刻意追求和强化自身的情感状态,将它上升到价值范畴,使感情实现无对象的自我操控、自我摹仿,造成为情感而情感的姿态.本文认为,姿态性构成了现代信仰的基本逻辑和支撑策略.现代神学摒弃对于信仰对象的理性求证,仅以信仰者自身的信仰状态为依据,这不过是以信仰论证信仰、以姿态强化姿态的同义反复.现代信仰的姿态性、策略性以及其中难以克服的悖论,大抵可以从昆德拉的"第二滴眼泪"现象得到描述和说明.

  16. 米兰·昆德拉的欧洲文化身份建构%On Milan Kundera's European Cultural Identity Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    解华

    2013-01-01

    从政治信仰破灭、丧失家园,到流亡异邦、身份和作品遭遇双重误读,昆德拉面对的始终是一个不断扩大的异质文化空间.为了弥合差异、从边缘走向中心,昆德拉努力为自我构建合法的文化身份.从对塞万提斯以来欧洲小说传统的皈依,到建构中欧文化身份以及对法国文化的依恋和守护,昆德拉一直力图在精神上回归欧洲,为自我构建合法的欧洲文化身份.

  17. A Study on Milan Kundera's Immortality%"在他人的注视下"--昆德拉《不朽》的存在论解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牟春

    2005-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉的小说以不同个体对"不朽"的态度为主题,展开了一部关于"不朽"的音乐变奏.一直以来,人们既以"不朽"对抗必死的命运,又把它作为对生命意义的回答,甚至是生命价值的最高确认.然而,现代语境下的"不朽"与古老意义上的"不朽"有很大的不同.古老意义上的"不朽"乃是承认"不朽"超越世俗历史,跨越人的智性之域.而现代人追求的"不朽"意味着融入世俗历史,一再被人"记起"与"翻看".正是以现代西方人与原本超越现实存在的"不朽"之断裂为起点,通过人们对世俗"不朽"的追逐与回避,考问不朽的真实含义.

  18. 米兰·昆德拉小说的复调解读%An Interpretation of Milan Kundera's Novel from a Polyphonic Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷敏

    2010-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉的小说中含有复调特征,米兰·昆德拉的小说诗学是对话性的诗学,也是文化诗学,因此本文从"复调"的视角对米兰·昆德拉的小说诗学进行深层次的解读.

  19. 人的“存在”之树——读昆德拉的新作《认》%Tree of Life-- Milan Kundera's New Book Identity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿海英

    2003-01-01

    《认》以一个很“轻浮”的故事探索一个很沉重的主题:“存在”。“树”状的叙事结构使作品在多个方向对人的“存在”进行探索,同时,这一结构又是作者对人的“存在”状况的更深理解与描述——人就是一棵“可能性”的大树。人对自身的认识充满了谬误。

  20. On Personality Representation in Milan Kundera' s Lift Game%论《搭车游戏》中的人格表征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高杨

    2013-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉的小说以深刻地反映并批判现实著称,并且他的创作与传统的批判现实主义作品的表现方式又有着极大的区别.他不采用通过塑造典型环境下的典型人物的方法,而是通过典型人物的心理突出特殊政治环境的存在.小说《搭车游戏》就是以一对普通恋人为主要表现对象,通过他们旅游途中的日常遭遇深刻透视出人的内心世界,使两性角色以人格表征的方式呈现在读者面前,作品的悲剧结局引发的是我们对于文化钳制下的人性的思索.

  1. The Significance of Polyphonic Technique in Milan Kundera's Fiction%米兰·昆德拉小说复调艺术的具体内涵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾宪文

    2008-01-01

    复调艺术是米兰·昆德拉小说艺术形式与技巧上的一个十分鲜明的特征,具有丰富的内涵.具体表现在:打破文体界限,在小说中大胆融入论文、随笔;放弃传统小说"单线构成"的结构方式,提倡由若干享有同等地位的线索结构作品;突破人物的主次之分,让人物处于平等地位,彼此互相照射;挣脱小说叙事对线性时间的依赖,将不同历史时间杂糅并置,故事时间与叙事时间错综交融.

  2. 流亡与书写——米兰·昆德拉的生命存在%Exile and Writing: Milan Kundera's Life in Existence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英梅

    2011-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉一直身处流亡之途,正因为如此,他对流亡下的生命存在的思索冷静、理性而又充满智慧,这是他的流亡体验和经验的高度融合.身处流亡中的他以自己的高度理性和丰富经验思索了流亡,书写了流亡,让我们发现了流亡者在书写与抹擦之间的矛盾、语言的选择与放弃.

  3. 审美现代性视野中的米兰·昆德拉%Milan Kundera in the Horizon of the Aesthetic Modernity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志忠

    2009-01-01

    与卡林内斯库的审美现代性理论不同,米兰·昆德拉提出的"欧洲小说"观念,是以审美现代性对抗"资产阶级的现代性"的源头所在.米兰·昆德拉在小说理论和创作实践中展现出了对资产阶级的启蒙现代性的批判,和对审美现代性立场的坚执中产生的反省,阐述了他独特的"欧洲小说观"与审美现代性起源新说.他站在小说家的立场上,以审美现代性的态度,审视和评判现代生活,深入地考察了现代人生存中的一系列现象:媚俗,舞者,轻与重,快与慢,记忆与遗忘,革命、乌托邦与抒情姿态,等等,犀利地揭示出其中的现代性悖谬.

  4. 米兰·昆德拉小说的文学伦理学解读%Ethical Interpretation of Milan Kundera's Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙瀛

    2014-01-01

    首先简单介绍了有关文学伦理学批评的主要内容简单,以此为基础解析了米兰·昆德拉小说的伦理环境、人物的伦理身份以及伦理线、伦理结.从中可以看出米兰·昆德拉创作情感的复杂性;结合具体伦理环境分析米兰·昆德拉的作品,可以从另一个视角体会作者的创作主题、人物形象的内涵以及作者独具特色的艺术布局.

  5. Probing into Milan Kundera's Thoughts on Existing from Sabina%从萨宾娜看昆德拉对存在的反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄坤锋; 温洁霞

    2004-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉在小说里可以说不是为了说明背叛而写萨宾娜的,更重要的是在凸现一种人存在的境况,一种与众不同但却不可抹灭的存在本能.生命并不是只有一种可能,能够宽容和正视另一种人、另一种生活理念的存在,才是对生命的尊重和理解.

  6. 往昔之井的呼唤:米兰·昆德拉小说精神探源%The Source of Milan Kundera's Novel Spirit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜瑜

    2014-01-01

    米兰?昆德拉的小说精神是受“狂欢剖析体”启发影响的.他认为小说只有在相对真理的世界才会存在,强调小说的自由,小说的复杂性、幽默性等都指向了世界和人类最终的问题,小说的责任是去发现并剖析“存在”这个问题.昆德拉继承的欧洲小说精神既有巴赫金狂欢学说所需要的小说对世界重新观照、发现权威话语的可笑,也有弗莱的“剖析体裁”强调的小说对哲学问题进行审视时所特有的睿智.

  7. 浅论米兰·昆德拉的"小说精神"%A Brief Talk on Milan Kundera's "Novel Spirit"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱美禄

    2006-01-01

    "小说精神"是米兰·昆德拉基于当下特定社会语境而提出的一个重要的理论概念,它意味着小说对现实进行批判和质疑,对人的价值进行肯定和救赎,对存在进行追问和探索.保持"小说精神",不仅有利于艺术的多样化,也有利于人的全面发展.

  8. 米兰·昆德拉:小说是关于存在的诗性之思%Milan Kundera: Fiction as Poetic Philosophy of Being

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐真华

    2008-01-01

    在昆德拉的文学世界里,存在之思是小说主题的内核,小说致力于敞亮"被遗忘的存在",而"实验性"则是小说思想的表现形式.小说家在怀疑的相对视野中,努力展示只有从小说的角度才能勾画出来的存在之图.

  9. Autoria contra tradução ou tradução como autoria: Milan Kundera, Jorge Luis Borges e o fim do indivíduo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pere Comellas

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2009v2n24p9A tradução tem-se considerado com frequência uma atividade subalterna à criação. No entanto, muitas das obras catalogadas como sendo de autor, e até canônicas e basilares, aproximam-se bastante da tradução. Shakespeare reciclava histórias e Diderot traduzia Sterne do jeito dele. Não se poderia classificar a tradução como mais um gênero literário? Essa é a perspectiva defendida por Borges, e, pelo contrário, contestada por Kundera. Enquanto Borges questiona que a precedência deva implicar preeminência, Kundera sente a crise da autoria como um atentado contra o indivíduo. O fim da submissão da tradução tem de ser necessariamente o fim do reconhecimento da criatividade?

  10. 昆德拉"遗忘三部曲"中的自我建构%Self-construction in Milan Kundera's Trilogy of Exile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈召荣; 周昕

    2010-01-01

    面对现代人丧失自我之后,如何去把握和建构自我,昆德拉在"遗忘三部曲"中提出了新的见解.中提出快与遗忘易使人失去自我,只有在慢与记忆中才能回视存在.表明现代人变换身份的生存方式只能导致自我的遗失,建构自我身份还需还原自我本真的存在.将流亡者想重回故土去确证自我的梦彻底打碎."遗忘三部曲"似要表明人随时随地都在追寻自我的建构,但无论何时何地人都无法建构完整的自我.

  11. 试析米兰·昆德拉小说的戏谑性改编%On Adaptation of Jocosity in Milan Kundera's Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾宪文

    2009-01-01

    戏谑性改编是米兰·昆德拉小说创作的重要特点之一.通过戏谑性改编,在主题上一方面颠覆了传统价值观,另一方面也嘲讽了现代人的存在境况;在小说史意义上,一是拓展了小说创作的可能性,二是让小说史真正成为"史",即各时代的作品具有了关联;在现实意义上,则是对"元叙事"的质疑,对现代社会处于"被缩减的漩涡"的反抗.

  12. 米兰·昆德拉小说中的伦理学思想探微%Ethical Thoughts in Milan Kundera's Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵谦

    2016-01-01

    Combing all the novels written by Kundera, we find that there are many ethical philosophies. From the perspective of ethical literary criticism, we can figure out a lot of ethical problems, including the dislocations of the family ethics as well as the battle between human factors and animal factors. After experiencing many hardships in life, Kundera begins to doubt about the traditional ethics. The analysis of these ethical ideas will help us understand the ethics raised by Kundera. It will be useful for the deeper understanding of his novels.%米兰·昆德拉的小说中蕴含着丰富的伦理学思想,主要包括家庭伦理关系的错位与失衡、精神世界中人性因子与兽性因子的博弈以及诸多对于传统伦理观念的叩问与质疑。从全景视角剖析昆氏小说中的伦理学思想不仅有利于我们理解作品中的哲学内涵,也能为我们树立正确的伦理价值观提供重要启示。

  13. Existential Code: Lingual Interpretation of Literature by Milan Kundera%"存在编码":米兰·昆德拉文学语言观阐释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭学纯

    2009-01-01

    本文分析了米兰·昆德拉中未经诠释的学术话语"存在编码",参照汉语写作中的同类现象,依次阐释:存在编码与语词的自然语义及其修辞化变异的关系:存在编码与人类经验世界的关系;存在编码以何种方式参与文学文本建构.指出:进入文学书写的"存在编码",是个人修辞对公共经验局部偏离的存在之思与存在之诗.强势传播公共经验的文学书写,可能导向个人的傀儡生存;通篇流淌个人修辞的文学书写,可能导向个人介入社会的话语阻断.

  14. 昆德拉《生活在别处》的叙事分析%Narrative Art in Milan Kundera's Life Is Elsewhere

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张驰

    2004-01-01

    昆德拉在中,透过一个早夭的捷克诗人的故事,探索了一个具有普遍意义的主题:青春、诗歌与革命.为了主题的呈现,作者对小说的结构与视角作了并非刻意但却是精心的设计.对小说的叙事分析是理解小说意蕴必不可少的步骤.

  15. Possibility of Being in Milan Kundera's Novels%昆德拉小说对人类存在可能性的勘探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾宪文

    2010-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉的小说从多方面探寻了人类"存在"的可能性.他的小说为我们展示了人类存在境况的多种可能性;对某一种人类存在境况,则揭示其多种可能性表现;对同一存在境况,则挖掘其蕴含的多种可能性意义.这样,昆德拉小说以英对人类存在无限可能性的勘探反抗现代生活的被"缩减",以使人类免遭"存在堕入遗忘"的命运.

  16. 论米兰·昆德拉的幽默小说观%On Milan Kundera's Thoughts of Humor Fiction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凤亮

    2004-01-01

    小说与幽默的结合,根本原因在于二者在认知世界与人类自身方式上的相似性.昆德拉的幽默感,既承传了捷克民族幽默与随意的天性,又来自他对处于"极限悖谬"时期现代人类境况和命运的深思."昆德拉式的幽默"除了揶揄、谐趣之外,更多的则是基于"诗性沉思"的自嘲和反讽.这种由睿智反讽、深沉感伤和冷峻怀疑交织而成的形而上幽默,被昆德拉有效地用来表达存在主题,并抗拒政治、道德等种种强制力量对人类自由精神的入侵.

  17. On the Binary Opposition of Milan Kundera's Novel Slow%论昆德拉小说《慢》之二元对立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈治云

    2010-01-01

    结构主义认为应将研究对象视为一个内在的实体,不受任何外部规定性制约的独立自足的封闭体系,反对用作品以下的任何因素如历史、社会条件、作者生平来解释作品.米兰·昆德拉之小说充分体现了二元的对立与转化.

  18. Identity Modes in Milan Kundera's Writings on Exile%米兰·昆德拉流亡书写下的身份认同模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李维

    2010-01-01

    流亡状态下的个体把追寻自我的认同作为生命的本能,但认同的过程必然有其复杂性,在米兰·昆德拉的小说中就呈现出个人核心的单向认同、价值核心的双向认同和双重身份的去核心认同三种身份认同模式,这些认同模式象征性地反映出米兰·昆德拉对现代性社会下的时代和个人身份的认知状态.

  19. The Importance of Religion and the Secular for Peace and War:Challenges For Scholars Seen In The Light Of The Edict Of Milan

    OpenAIRE

    Wilkes, George

    2013-01-01

    Religion has come to be seen as one of the most common and powerful drivers of armed conflict. This article departs from a prominent portion of the existing academic literature in suggesting that the extensive influence of religion in conflicts cannot be seen primarily as an isolated radicalising ideological force which works by defining the extremity of the crisis at hand. Rather, it is argued, religion exercises much of its influence through practices which express the norms of institutions...

  20. Report on Red-shouldered Hawk nesting within the Milan Bottoms and Pools 9-16 of the Upper Mississippi River Valley during 1999

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — During our investigations along the Upper Mississippi River during 1999 we located Red-shouldered Hawks (Buteo lineatus) in a total of 32 of the 51 areas searched....

  1. Zaha Hadid@Milan Furniture Fair 2008%扎哈·哈迪德在意大利国际家具展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zaha hadid Architects

    2008-01-01

    许多建筑师都设计过家具作品,有的还非常成功,Zaha Hadid也不例外。在今年的意大利国际家具展上,她为几家著名的家具(包括灯具)品牌设计的产品,都将亮相。

  2. Transport and Fate of Nitroaromatic and Nitramine Explosives in Soils from Open Burning/Open Detonation Operations: Milan Army Ammunition Plant (MAAP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-12-01

    20 e. Harvest of Soil Columns ............................ 20 f. CESMU System Integrity ............................. 21 g. Determination of...ci-nducted 01 Ot/OD) residuos and ý_PL-vut 𔄁 explosives (results- lcpricd ak’ iiaely ilk -ii thcr trVnaa epor-t enititledi ’ioyicity of S1-oected...collection tubes were inert hydrophobic barriers that remained an integral part of the soil-core columns. Thus disruption of the soil due to column-to

  3. Combined therapy with dabrafenib and trametinib in BRAF-mutated metastatic melanoma in a real-life setting: the INT Milan experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalieri, Stefano; Di Guardo, Lorenza; Cimminiello, Carolina; Bono, Aldo; Tolomio, Elena; Colombetti, Anna; Valeri, Barbara; Di Tolla, Giuseppe; de Braud, Filippo; Del Vecchio, Michele

    2016-10-13

    Combination therapy with dabrafenib and trametinib is safer and more effective than BRAF inhibitor-based monotherapy for metastatic melanoma. We retrospectively analyzed BRAF-mutated metastatic melanoma patients treated at our institution with daily oral dabrafenib 300 mg and trametinib 2 mg from November 2013 to April 2016. This clinical record included both untreated and previously treated stage IV melanomas. Physical examination and laboratory examinations were performed monthly and disease re-evaluations were performed every 3 months. A total of 48 patients (24 male, 24 female) with BRAF-mutated metastatic melanoma received dabrafenib and trametinib; median age was 48 years (range 23-75). Median follow-up was 362.5 days (range 72-879). Best overall response rate consisted of 6.2% (3 patients) complete response, 64.6% (31) partial response, and 25% (12) stable disease; median time to best response was 11 weeks (range 5.7-125.5). Progression of disease was seen in 19 patients (39.6%), with median time to progression (TTP) of 26 weeks (range 8-54). A total of 15 patients (31.2%) died due to progression of disease. Median progression-free survival and median overall survival were not reached. To date, 30 patients (62.5%) are still under treatment. A total of 27 (56.2%) patients had at least one adverse event (AE); grade 3-4 AEs were seen in 4 cases (8.3%). The main toxicities were fever (25%), skin rash (14.6%), arthralgias (10.4%), and aspartate aminotransferase/alanine aminotransferase increase (8.3%). Treatment dose was reduced in 7 subjects (14.6%), with only one case of discontinuation due to AE. Our data, using combined targeted therapy, are in line with the scientific literature in terms of both safety and effectiveness in a real-life setting.

  4. Role of {sup 131}I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) in the treatment of neuroendocrine tumours. Experience of the National Cancer Institute of Milan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castellani, M.R.; Chiti, A.; Seregni, E.; Bombardieri, E. [Istituto Nazionale per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori, Milan (Italy). Nuclear Medicine Division

    2000-03-01

    45 patients with neuroendocrine tumours (22 neuroblastomas, 10 phaeochromocytomas, 3 paragangliomas, 6 medullary thyroid carcinomas and 4 carcinoids) underwent {sup 131}I-MIBG therapy. All patients, with the exception of 5 phaeochromocytoma cases with nonoperable disease, had previously been treated with conventional therapies. Patients had a previous diagnostic scintigraphy with {sup 131}I-MIBG (activity 20-44.4 MBq) or with {sup 123}I-MIBG (activity 74-222 MBq). All treatments were repeated at not less than 4-weekly intervals. The neuroblastoma patients were divided into two groups: the first included 14 patients with advanced metastatic disease not responding to previous treatments; the second included 8 patients with documented residual neuroblastoma tissue that could not be surgically removed after first-line therapy. In neuroblastoma patients with advanced disease resistant to previous therapies 2 out of 14 showed a partial response, 9 stable disease and 3 progression of cancer. In neuroblastoma patients with residual disease (7 evaluable out of 8) it was obtained 3 partial responses; a stable response was observed in 3 patients. The result of MIBG therapy in the group of phaechromocytoma patients (9 evaluable out of 10) consisted of 3 partial responses, 5 stable disease and 1 progression. Evaluation of the response carried out on the basis of the biochemical parameters increased the responses and MIBG therapy showed good effectiveness in controlling the functional symptoms. In the group of paraganglioma patients it was observed 1 complete, 1 partial and 1 stable response. In patients with medullary thyroid carcinoma a partial response was observed in 1 patient with mediastinal metastases and 2 disease stabilizations were seen in another 2 patients. On the basis of personal experience it can be concluded that {sup 131}I-MIBG therapy is effective and also well tolerated.

  5. Instructions and Manuals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    -Abitare Milan (Aldo Cibic & Partners) + Abitare China (Archea) -Penthouse in Milan (Sonia Calzoni) -Design Talks -CaixaForum (Herzog & de Meuron)......-Abitare Milan (Aldo Cibic & Partners) + Abitare China (Archea) -Penthouse in Milan (Sonia Calzoni) -Design Talks -CaixaForum (Herzog & de Meuron)...

  6. Capabilities of R Package mixAK for Clustering Based on Multivariate Continuous and Discrete Longitudinal Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arnošt Komárek

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available R package mixAK originally implemented routines primarily for Bayesian estimation of finite normal mixture models for possibly interval-censored data. The functionality of the package was considerably enhanced by implementing methods for Bayesian estimation of mixtures of multivariate generalized linear mixed models proposed in Komrek and Komrkov (2013. Among other things, this allows for a cluster analysis (classification based on multivariate continuous and discrete longitudinal data that arise whenever multiple outcomes of a different nature are recorded in a longitudinal study. This package also allows for a data-driven selection of a number of clusters as methods for selecting a number of mixture components were implemented. A model and clustering methodology for multivariate continuous and discrete longitudinal data is overviewed. Further, a step-by-step cluster analysis based jointly on three longitudinal variables of different types (continuous, count, dichotomous is given, which provides a user manual for using the package for similar problems.

  7. 3D-conformal radiation therapy in prostate cancer. Technical considerations after 5 years of experience and 334 patients treated at the Istituto Europeo di Oncologia of Milan, Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghilezan, M; Ivaldi, G; Cattani, F; Greco, C; Castiglioni, S; Leonardi, M C; Tosi, G; Marsiglia, H; Orecchia, R

    2001-01-01

    To report the technique of 3D-conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) currently used at our Institute for the treatment of prostate cancer with a curative intent. A critical review of the technical aspects of the technique is provided. Between December 1995 and October 2000, 334 patients with biopsy-proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate were treated with 3D-CRT. All patients were treated in a prone position with 15 MV X-ray beams and a 6-field technique for all but 20 patients, who were treated with a 3-field technique. Patients were simulated with the rectum and bladder empty. To ensure reproducible positioning, custom-made polyurethane foam or thermoplastic casts were produced for each patient. Subsequently, consecutive CT scan slices were obtained. The clinical target volume and critical organs (rectum and bladder) were identified on each CT slice. The beam's eye view technique was used to spatially display these structures, and the treatment portals were manually shaped based on the images obtained. The beam apertures were initially realized by conventional Cerrobend blocks (48 patients), which were replaced in October 1997 by a computer-driven multi-leaf collimator. The total target dose prescribed at the ICRU point is 76 Gy, delivered in 38 fractions and 54 days. The seminal vesicles are excluded at 70 Gy. Dose-volume histograms were obtained for all patients. If more than 30% of the bladder and/or more than 20% of the rectum receive >95% of the prescribed total dose, the treatment plan is judged as unsatisfactory and is adjusted. The dose-volume histogram can be improved by changing the beam's arrangement and/or weights or by introducing or modifying the wedge filters. 3D-CRT in prostate cancer patients is a highly sophisticated and time-consuming method of dose delivery. Important technical issues remain to be clarified.

  8. De Milán a Palermo: la aplicación de mecanismos internacionales para enfrentar a la delincuencia organizada transnacional/From Milan to Palermo: the implementation of international mechanisms to deal with transnational organized crime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Cardoza Zúñiga (México

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Actualmente, la delincuencia organizada transnacional afecta a toda la comunidad internacional, por lo tanto estamos ante un problema que va más allá de las fronteras de cada Estado. En consecuencia, el modo idóneo para enfrentar esta situación es buscar soluciones de índole multilateral. Por esta razón, dicha comunidad ha adoptado una serie de mecanismos a nivel mundial, los cuales sirven de fundamento para crear estrategias, tanto nacionales como internacionales, para enfrentar la mencionada delincuencia. Currently, transnational organized crime affects the international community, therefore we are faced with a problem that goes beyond the borders of each State. Mode suitable to deal with this situation is therefore seeking solutions of a multilateral nature. For this reason, the community has adopted a series of mechanisms at the global level, which serve as a basis to create strategies, both national and international, to face the mentioned delinquency.

  9. 梦的世界与梦幻叙述——米兰·昆德拉小说研究%Dream World and Dream Narration——A Study on Milan Kundera' s Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘英梅; 李文昕

    2013-01-01

    在文学作品中,梦的描写或叙述是作家构建作品的一个重要手段.在米兰·昆德拉的小说中,梦的情境经常出现,他对于梦的描写或叙述有着自己独特的理解.从叙述形式来看,梦是小说情节的一个独立部分,它组成了小说的复调结构,同样为阐释小说主题服务;从梦的意义来看,梦的世界是现实世界之外的另一种可能世界.它是最不受拘束的想象,同时也是向现实投去的最清醒的目光.

  10. Milan Kundera's View of History%历史境况:在复杂与简练之间——米兰·昆德拉的小说历史观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凤亮

    2002-01-01

    在米兰@昆德拉的小说诗学中,有关历史的沉思与表达占据着十分突出的位置.昆德拉的小说历史观具体表现在:一、区分人类社会的历史境况和存在境况;二、采取与历史学家及传统历史小说家不同的历史眼光;三、主张把小说当成"历史重建"的可能文本来创作和看待.昆德拉让历史与小说处于既相关又冲突甚至敌对的状态,显示出他独特的存在论历史观,这对于我们解读当代西方存在主义小说及繁荣新世纪的中国文学创作,均有较大的启发意义.

  11. Milan Kundera' s Influences and the Mental Violence Narration of Contemporary Chinese literature%当代中国文学中的精神暴力叙事与昆德拉的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚敏律

    2012-01-01

    精神暴力叙事是中国当代文学一个突出而又醒目的现象.论者试图通过探究昆德拉笔下的精神暴力叙事对中国当代文学的影响来思考中国当代作家面对这一问题时表现出来的现代性质素和本土化经验,并试图从以下三个方面来进行分析,一是对极左历史和专制社会中的精神暴力的书写;二是对家庭生活和男女情爱关系中的精神暴力的书写;三是社会文化转型时期的精神暴力的书写.

  12. Where is my home——the subject of return in Milan Kundera's novels%望断乡关知何处——论米兰·昆德拉作品中的回归主题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淑华

    2009-01-01

    米兰防サ吕谧约旱淖髌返敝幸远捞氐氖咏钦故玖私菘巳嗽谀嵌翁厥饫肥逼诘恼媸瞪娲?他在他乡叙写在故乡的经历,以实现某种回归.本文以昆德拉作品中的回归主题为主线,主要从回归之因、回归之途和回归之幻三个方面来探讨,作者在探询存在的可能性,追问回归究竟能否实现?他们处在多种身份的疑惑当中看不清未来的方向,所以只是在试着追寻这种可能性.

  13. 文体的复调与变奏--对米兰·昆德拉"复调小说"的一种解读%Milan Kundera and the Style of Polyphonic Fiction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凤亮

    2004-01-01

    在米兰·昆德拉的"复调小说"观念体系中,"文体的复调"占据了重要的位置.他在理论上对"文体的复调"的标举以及创作上对不同文体杂糅的实践,既遵循了其自身艺术的内在逻辑,也映现了当代小说写作的一个潮流--跨体写作倾向,从中还可发现昆德拉这位自觉的文体革新者对小说历史渊源及未来走向的认识.昆德拉在"小说文体复调"方面的实践,有助于进一步认识当前文学创作中文体形式的嬗变特征.

  14. Self's Being——On the"self"in Milan Kundera's Novels%"自我"之在——关于米兰·昆德拉小说人物"自我"设定的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳云

    2007-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉是当代世界文坛颇具影响力的作家之一.存在的诗性思考是昆德拉赋予小说的使命;存在可能性的勘探又是他希望小说家承担的历史责任.他用自己的小说文本实践着自己的小说理论,通过设定人物作为"自我"的存在,使人物以"绽出"形式建构"自我"之在,而为我们提供了人类存在可能性的种种思考.

  15. On the Relationship between the Experiment of Style of Maqiao Dictionary and Milan Kundera%试论《马桥词典》的文体实验与米兰·昆德拉之关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜洪伟

    2008-01-01

    作为一部在文体上极富创新性的实验小说,其文体新变在一定程度上受到域外文学的影响.本文从三个方面探讨它与昆德拉小说的关系:词典作为观照方式;词典作为结构方式;"复调"文体.文末并简要分析韩少功接受昆德拉影响的可能性,如精神气质的相近、韩对昆氏小说的推崇与翻译等.

  16. On the Fiction Notion of Milan Kundera and Calvino%米兰·昆德拉与卡尔维诺小说观念异同论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄世权

    2013-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉与卡尔维诺不仅用风格独特的创作推动现代小说的发展,也对现代小说进行了深入的理论思考.在对欧洲现代社会状况和小说艺术的双重把握的基础上,他们一致强调轻盈、复调、幻想、游戏以及百科全书式对当代小说发展的意义.此外,昆德拉倡导探索存在之谜和嘲讽时代的小说精神,卡尔维诺则强调形式创新、视觉幻想的作用.他们的创作和理念都标志着欧洲小说从现代走向后现代的鲜明特征.

  17. 记忆之象与遗忘之花——解读《笑忘录》的塔米娜意象群%Milan Kundera's "Tamina Complex" in The Book of Laughter and Forgetting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈玉洪; 梁彤

    2008-01-01

    第四、第六部分出现的一组意象指涉了女主人公的生存逻辑,这一现象一直被研究者所忽视.塔米娜与包裹中的自我形象认同后,服从于记忆的意识形态幻象,隐藏了欲望的实在界,并沉迷于剩余快感中;而梦境中的鸵鸟、金戒指及儿童岛游戏等意象,则表达了遗忘的意愿,解放了被压抑的本能欲望,并破除了包裹所带来的幻象.小岛游戏在其天真的表面下隐藏着反记忆的意识形态国家机器,塔米娜最终逃离小岛,治愈了记忆的信仰.记忆和遗忘的二元对立构成了塔米娜的存在本质.

  18. A Comparison of the Concept of Death in Milan Kundera and Zhang Xianliang%米兰·昆德拉与张贤亮小说中死亡意识之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄健

    2009-01-01

    捷克作家米兰·昆德拉与中国作家张贤亮都善于通过对人的身体的书写来折射出人类超越死亡之路.由此表现出来的是作家对人性伦理的哲性思考.在不同的文化背景下,两位作家的写作姿态同中有异:同样是对性政治的关注,昆德拉的着眼点在于个性,而张贤亮的关注点在于集体的理性力量;由此差别又带出了作家对于灵-肉关系的不同见解.

  19. Pursuit and Irony——The thematic mode of Farewell Waltz Milan Kundera%"追寻"与反讽——《告别圆舞曲》的主题模式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林玲; 尹泰鸿

    2010-01-01

    是昆德拉的代表作之一.小说将露辛娜等人物置于"追寻"的模式中,探索生存本能--拜物教、死亡本能--美与爱之间的紧张关系所导向的逻辑命题,包括性与商品拜物教的二元对立、货币对宗教的解符码化以及原欲与文明的冲突等.由于主体与他人利益错位而不能形成交换机制,或面临"永劫轮回"的困境,加上客体的功利性和庸俗性本质,追寻活动只能沦为荒诞的闹剧.小说是"追寻"母题在现代背景下的反讽式重写.

  20. 昆德拉小说理论和艺术对陈忠实的影响%The Influences of Milan Kundera's Theories and Arts on CHEN Zhong-shi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯望岳

    2011-01-01

    陈忠实小说创作与现代小说思潮有着密切的联系.昆德拉的小说理论和小说艺术对陈忠实创作的影响是深刻的、多方面的,诸如切入社会生活的视觉与进口、借助性之压抑与放纵描写探讨人的生存状态、复调式结构、文学神圣理念等.

  1. Merging between Dream and Reality--Milan Kundera's explanation on Kafka%梦与现实的融合--米兰·昆德拉解读卡夫卡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张克

    2004-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉对人们对于卡夫卡小说的美学价值的误解有着强烈的不满.他认为卡夫卡已经开始实现"梦与现实的融合".卡夫卡的小说既是对现代世界最清醒的凝视,同时又伴随着最无拘束的想象,代表着一场巨大的美学革命.

  2. Memory-Return-Exile:The Linear Approach to Milan Kundera's Novel, Ignorance%记忆回归流亡:米兰·昆德拉《无知》的线性解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    温军超

    2010-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉的小说中有一条隐含的线索:记忆-回归-流亡.因为集体记忆和个人私密空间记忆,人们渴望回归.寄希望于伟大的思乡者尤利西斯等模式的回归.中诸多主人公进行了尝试,回归仍是无望,被迫流亡.通过线性解读,昆德拉这一类人的存在获得了彰显.

  3. 遗忘与回忆——谈米兰·昆德拉后期作品的思想性%Forgets and Recollection——Discussing the Ideological Nature of Milan Kundera's Works in His Later Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈秀娟; 谭泽宁

    2006-01-01

    昆德拉的作品一向以其深邃的思想性见长,他主张小说家应在其作品中"思考一个问题".在他的作品中,他所思考的这个问题就是人类的存在境况.文章主要讨论昆德拉在其后期作品中所体现的思想主题:遗忘与回忆,以及与之相联的认同与回归.在昆德拉看来,不可逃避的回忆和绝对的遗忘是流亡者难以摆脱的存在境况,与此同时,认同与回归又是流亡者不知疲倦的追求,纵然这种追求只是一个令人心碎的梦.

  4. 音乐在文学中游走——《慢》结构的音乐解读%A Musical Interpretation on the Structure of the Novel La Lenteur by Milan Kundera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹

    2011-01-01

    捷裔法籍作家米兰·昆德拉,是20世纪后半期享誉世界的优秀作家.作为文学家,他把他音乐家的灵魂深深根植于作品之中.笔者认为小说是昆德拉借鉴了双主题单三部曲式来建构文学作品结构的;本文试从作曲学的角度入手,对的结构作音乐性解读,以期厘清隐匿于文学作品背后作家本真的音乐构思和创作手法.

  5. Irony And Poetic——Milan Kundera Comparison With Wang Xiao-bo%反讽与诗意——昆德拉与王小波比较谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷素珍

    2009-01-01

    尽管米兰·昆德拉的作品更多的是睿智冷静,而王小波的作品处处充满着激愤与怪异,但远在欧洲大陆的昆德拉与王小波还是有很多相似之处,昆德拉与王小渡作品及个人气质中共有的反讽与诗意兼具的风格是源于都有相似的历史遭遇,都面临过价值的崩溃,都体验着怀疑、失望、高处不胜寒的孤独,在小说也面临危机的时代,仍然葆有的作为人类美好体验的牧歌诗情也正是他们作品中主人公生存的最为强大的动力之一,也是小说想象力的动力之一.

  6. The Metaphor of Forgetting in Milan Kundera's Fiction%遗忘与记忆的变奏--米兰·昆德拉小说的题旨隐喻

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凤亮

    2005-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉小说中丰富的隐喻,既是特定文化语境中充满诗性智慧的叙述策略,又包含了这一诗意表达所蕴含的内容.昆德拉移民法国前后的几部作品,便集中反映出"遗忘"的隐喻题旨.传递的是昆德拉作为移民作家即将流亡的信息,则集中反映他初居外国后的体验和心理,二者反映作者由特定历史时期的"有组织遗忘"引发出的存在思考,以及在异质语境中的文化陌生感与写作危机;现代社会大众传媒所导致的"无意识遗忘",进一步显示遗忘的人类学本质.昆德拉借助于对"遗忘"的隐喻表达,探讨人类彼此确认的问题,有效阐释了一系列重要的存在主题.

  7. 存在: 生命的律动——对昆德拉"存在"意识的探讨%Being—the Rhythm of Life: An Inquiry into Milan Kundera's "Inner Consciousness"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱耀龙; 刘义青

    2007-01-01

    通过对昆德拉的小说创作和小说理论的分析和探讨, 发掘其所谓的"存在"实乃人的本原的生命意识.它拒绝单纯的绝对真理的枷锁, 也拒斥各种非此即彼的道德评价.生命意识具有自己的特征: 不可重复的一次性过程, 完全自由化, 遵循情感的逻辑.生命意识在现代社会变得如此脆弱的原因就在于: 科学技术对人的某些技能的片面发展, 现存体系对人的异化, 以及它的思想根源--"媚俗"意识的存在.

  8. 生命与生存之思:鲁迅与米兰·昆德拉比较%Thought of Life and Being: A Comparative of Lu Xun and Milan Kundera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王吉鹏; 王燕

    2009-01-01

    鲁迅与米兰,昆德拉所处的时代不同,但是由于社会环境、时代氛围和文化背景有着大致相似之处,因此他们在小说形象塑造、文化品味上表现出了许多精神上的同构,他们都塑造了知识分子孤独者形象和争取个性解放的女性形象,都强烈地反对专制制度,关注在这种专制制度下人们的生存困境.

  9. 反讽的小说复调理论——兼论米兰·昆德拉的复调小说%Ironic Theory of Polyphonic Novel: Commenting Milan Kundera's Polyphonic Novel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜东升

    2009-01-01

    "复调"原是音乐学术语,20世纪早期由巴赫金引入文艺理论领域,此后经由米兰·昆德拉的拓展与实践,发展出"现代复调理论".相较于巴赫金的复调理论,现代复调理论影响下的小说创作使复调更加形式化,而正是这种趋于形式化,流于文本层面的复调在昆德拉作品中更具有深层次的反讽意味.

  10. Non-cerebellar primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET): summary of the Milan consensus and state of the art workshop on marrow ablative chemotherapy with hematopoietic cell rescue for malignant brain tumors of childhood and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fangusaro, Jason; Massimino, Maura; Rutkowski, Stefan; Gururangan, Sridharan

    2010-04-01

    CNS non-cerebellar primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) represent <5% of all childhood brain tumors. Despite similar therapies, these patients have had significantly worse outcomes compared to patients with medulloblastoma. Although these tumors have historically been considered analogous to medulloblastoma, there is growing evidence that they are biologically distinct. Since these tumors are relatively rare, there are few large series in the literature. Here we present the international experience treating these patients with a variety of therapies, including marrow ablative chemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic cell rescue.

  11. The temple crematorium in the Monumental Cemetery in Milan Considerations on the project of the Memorial stone to the fallen in the forest of Cercina Edoardo Detti and Carlo Scarpa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Mugnai

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the 60s Edoardo Detti and Carlo Scarpa design a memorial headstone in memory of seven supporters killed by the Germans in 1944, which was to be built in Cercina near Florence. The only remains of this small monument are some sketches by Scarpa and a finalized drawing by Detti, little known but very interesting, which document the compositional research of the laic expression, pluralistic of death and pain, as a universal answer, inclusive and non-dogmatic, the need to represent the wounds of the war and their cargo of political, ethnic and religious lacerations. The search for universal symbolism, capable of comprehending the different souls of modern society, also belongs to individual architectural production of the two architects and is inscribed in the contemporary architectural and cultural context.

  12. Biobanking shifts to “precision medicine”

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Aikaterini Ntai,1 Simona Baronchelli,2 Tatiana Pellegrino,1 Pasquale De Blasio,1 Ida Biunno2,3 1Integrated Systems Engineering, Milan, Italy; 2Institute for Genetic and Biomedical Research, National Research Council, Milan, Italy; 3IRCCS Multimedica, Milan, Italy Abstract: The shape of the global health care system is changing rapidly to an approach that is much more patient-centered and focused on “precision medicine.” This is especially due to the development of large-s...

  13. Area Handbook Series: Czechoslovakia: A Country Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    1972. Kundera , Milan . "The Czech Wager," New York Review of Books, 27, Nos. 21 and 22, January 21, 1981, 21-22. 369 Czechoslovakia.: A Country Study...1916, together with Eduard Bene§ and Milan Steffinik (a Slovak war hero), Masaryk created the Czechoslovak National Council. Masaryk in the United...Czechoslovakia’s aid only if French assistance came first. In 1935 Beneg succeeded Masaryk as president, and Prime Minister Milan Hod.a took over the Ministry

  14. The Air War Over Serbia: Denial, Punishment, or Balance of Interest

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-06-01

    FBIS AU0806210699. 198 �I Do Not Think Milosevic Is Willing To Compromise, Interview with Zoran Djindjic ,� Milan Corriere della Sera, 27 April...Zoran Djindjic .� Milan Corriere della Sera, 27 April 1999. In FBIS [Foreign Broadcast Information Service] FTS19990427000545. Ignatieff, Michael

  15. PALB2 germline mutations in familial breast cancer cases with personal and family history of pancreatic cancer

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    PALB2 germline mutations in familial breast cancer cases with personal and family history of pancreatic cancer phone: +39-02-23903224 (Radice, Paolo) (Radice, Paolo) IFOM, Fondazione Istituto FIRC di Oncologia Molecolare - Milan - ITALY (Peterlongo, Paolo) Department of Preventive and Predictive Medicine, Unit of Molecular Bases of Genetic Risk and Genetic Testing, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori - Milan - ITALY (Peterlongo, Pao...

  16. Buffer or Highway: Cyclical Patterns of Security Development in East Central Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-06-01

    been particularly sensitive to the dangers of Russian might." The signal manifesto of this European self identity is by Milan Kundera , "The Tragedy of...constructive.* *The President’s News Conference in Rome, Italy, November 8, 1991,1 1605. 1 81Milan Kundera , *The Tragedy of Central Europe," 217. It is all very

  17. Heyberger Bernard, García-ArenalMercedes, Colombo Emanuele, Vismara Paola (dir., L’Islam visto da Occidente. Cultura e religione del Seicento europeo di fronte all’Islam, Atti del convegno internazionale, Milano, Università degli Studi, 17-18 ottobre 2007, Milan, Marietti 1820, 2009, 356 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurélien Girard

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Les actes de ce colloque portent sur la perception de l’Islam en Occident au xviie siècle. Sur un sujet bien défini en introduction, cet ouvrage relativement homogène contribue à mettre en dialogue des articles traitant des thèmes de la rencontre, de la confrontation, de la représentation ou de la connaissance. Cette complexité légitimement rendue aux questions des rapports entre les « aires culturelles » ou de l’orientalisme soulage, d’une part, des œillères héritées, peut-être, des approche...

  18. [The consultation with the candidate couple for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration (MESA) or testicular sperm aspiration (TESA). The experience of the MATRIS (Medici Associati per la Terapia e la Ricerca dell'Infertilità e Sterilità) center of Milan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magro, B; Magro, S

    1998-04-01

    The authors examine the relationship between doctor and patient during the consultation for the therapeutic decision for those couples who have to undergo a medical procreation, especially the ICSI by MESA and TESA. The couple's psycho-emotional involvement and the medical terminology hinder the real possibility of communication between doctor and patient. The data relating to a study of 80 couples done by the authors are presented. They show the need to improve the quality of communication between doctor and patient during the consultation. For this purpose, on the basis of the research conducted, modification of the language used and the support of audio-visual media are suggested during the consultation in order to reduce the percentage of the couple's doubts and uncertainties.

  19. To Research into "Being" and Decode "Self"--The Comparison between Milan Kundera and "New Realism" Novel%勘探"存在",破译"自我"--米兰·昆德拉与"新写实"小说观的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王桂荣

    2003-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉的小说和中国当代"新写实"小说是两个迥然不同的小说形态,相距甚远但二者却是一个可比的题目:他们都把"存在"作为自己创作的出发点,都以自己的文本勘探"生存",破译"自我",或强或弱地奏响了存在文学的旋律,其功不可没.

  20. The Right and the Freedom of the Explanation --a Research on the Explanation Subject of Milan Kundera's Works%解释的权利和自由——对米兰·昆德拉作品中解释主题的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴亚莉

    2002-01-01

    传统小说的任务是通过讲述故事表明作家对事物的解释,并相信可以得出惟一的解释结果,必然的、非此即彼的认识方法是传统小说的认识方法.而后现代的小说则往往注重实践对事物解释的可能性,解释结果的惟一性在这一类小说中受到动摇,而且它们提供的往往是对解释的解释.米兰*昆德拉在他的作品中对解释以及解释的解释都作出了剖析和反思,有着很大的认识价值和艺术参考价值.

  1. The Tension between Heaviness and Lightness of Life——Unscramble Milan Kundera's The Unbearable Lightness of Being through Freud's Psychoanalysis Thoery%轻与重的生命张力——米兰·昆德拉《生命中不能承受之轻》的精神分析解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李占伟; 原方

    2010-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉在中对主要人物的描写,是通过他们在政治和性爱活动中完成的.而对于主要人物性爱活动的描写又较为隐晦,是通过他们的梦和潜意识呈现的.在这些欲望的背后,隐含了主人公痛苦的挣扎和作者对于人的生存意义的思考.运用弗洛伊德的精神分析理论对文本进行重新解读,可以帮助我们更为深刻地理解作品.

  2. 韩少功对米兰·昆德拉的文学接受与创化——从《生命中不能承受之轻》到《日夜书》%On Han Shaogong's Literary Acceptance and Creative Transformation of Milan Kundera: From Unbearable Lightness of Being to Book of Day and Night

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李遇春

    2014-01-01

    韩少功对米兰·昆德拉的文学翻译与文学接受由来已久,但他并非单向度地接受与传播,而是在自己的文学创作中对昆德拉的小说艺术进行了立足中国本土传统的创造性转化.《生命中不能承受之轻》具有典型的“原小说”特征,即跨文体写作、跨艺术写作和跨主题写作.韩少功最新的长篇小说《日夜书》即从这三个方面对昆德拉的“原小说”艺术进行了创造性的文学接受与转化.

  3. 极权批判的内在差异--从昆德拉小说再看伤痕、反思文学的内在缺陷%The Inherent Differences of the Criticism of the Extreme Power--One More Look at the Inherent Drawback of the Literature of Scar Reconsideration from Milan Kundera's Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡艳

    2004-01-01

    在相近的时代背景下,中国新时期的伤痕、反思文学与昆德拉的小说创作有着某种内在相似.本文从对极权政治的共同批判着眼,由昆德拉"超越政治的人性之思"的小说创作再次反观当代伤痕、反思文学创作的内在缺陷:政治的拘囿,使文学对历史悲剧的追问和人性的书写缺乏应有的深度.并由此迥异的文学景观引发对创作主体的思索与省察.

  4. Pursuit and inquiry of youthfulness, history and poeticalness-Comparative study between Wang Meng and Milan Kundera%青春、历史与诗意的追寻和质询--王蒙与米兰·昆德拉比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志忠

    2003-01-01

    以比较文学研究中的平行研究方法,以及美国心理学家埃里克森的认同性危机的理论,对中国作家王蒙(1934-)和捷克作家米兰*昆德拉(1929-)进行比较研究可以发现,两位作家都是在50年代初期,以独立思考的姿态,直面现实,叩问青春,写出风格独特的作品.其后,在青春困惑和认同性危机的缠绕下,两位作家分别对青春-革命-抒情诗-爱情等相互关联的一组人生重要命题加以大规模的书写和质询,却引出了各自不同的结论.在艺术风格上,王蒙的诗情近似于"主观诗人",自我色彩较浓,昆德拉的诗情则是那种"客观诗人"式的,隐藏更深,底蕴也更深.

  5. On the Conceptions of Being in Milan Kundera's Poetics on Fiction%遮蔽与敞亮:"思想"道路上的小说--米兰·昆德拉小说诗学中的存在意识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李凤亮

    2004-01-01

    捷裔法籍作家米兰·昆德拉是一位存在意识较为强烈的小说家.昆德拉与海德格尔、萨特等哲学家既在存在观念上有内在联系,又在入思方式上形成深刻差异.以塞万提斯为例,昆德拉指出了哲学家对"存在"领域的遮蔽以及小说家对敞亮"存在"的独特贡献.小说的相对性立场与怀疑论态度,使其中的"存在"成为一种对话式、开放自由的思想,不同于哲学式的思辨概念.穆齐尔所代表的小说"第三时"美学--沉思的美学,在把握存在主题上做出了积极的探索;而这一沉思的传统在20世纪遭到漠视.重新发扬小说"诗性地沉思存在"的传统,正是当代小说家的重要使命之一.

  6. The "Self" in "Serf-forgetting" : Study on the Subject of Self in the Novels of Milan Kundera%“忘我”中的“自我”——米兰·昆德拉小说中的自我主题研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜瑜

    2013-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉认为小说在探询存在问题过程中,人的自我一直贯穿始终.在昆德拉的小说中,人对自我的把握、追求并不自由,自由选择只是个“浪漫的谎言”,因而总是失败.但只有在失败中人们才会获得“顿悟”,达到真善美圆融交汇的境界.

  7. 回归悖论引发的伦理叩问——米兰·昆德拉《无知》的伦理学解读%Ethical Inquiries Raised from Return Paradox——Analysis of Ignorance by Milan Kundera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵谦

    2015-01-01

    在小说《无知》中,捷克裔法籍作家米兰·昆德拉通过揭示回归产生的一系列悖论,引发了对于传统道德价值观念的叩问.从伦理学的视角出发,质疑并解答了两个自古存在的伦理问题,从而引导读者重新审视旧有的伦理观念.

  8. The Polyphonic Narrative Under the Effect of Post-modern Identity——Milan Kundera's Writing on Exile%后现代身份认同影响下的复调叙事——米兰·昆德拉的流亡书写

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李维

    2010-01-01

    复调叙事不仅是米兰·昆德拉在小说艺术形式的革新上所作出的巨大贡献之一,也是其勘探人类存在的多重维度和本质的叙事方式之一.正是透过其多视角、多时空、跨文体的复调叙事,我们看到了现代社会中人类自我身份的不确定性、错位性和混合性,也正是这种看似纷杂、混乱的复调叙事,映射和支撑着人类对自我后现代身份的建构与认同.

  9. Wang Meng's Creative Imitation of Milan Kundera with "An Elegant Sneeze" as an Example%王蒙对米兰·昆德拉的承继与创新——以《一嚏千娇》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱静宇

    2011-01-01

    是王蒙1988年推出的一部风格殊异的中篇小说.王蒙自称受到了米兰·昆德拉的影响.本文详细比照了与昆德拉在"元叙述"、"词语切入叙事"、"反复叙事"、复调结构等方面的"同"与"异",从而探寻对王蒙小说创作的意义和价值之所在,提示出王蒙对米兰·昆德拉的承继与独创的启示意义.

  10. The Variation of Weightness——Try to Discuss Kafka's Subversion against the Traditional Pursuit Novel and his Influence on Milan Kundera%"重"的变奏——试论卡夫卡对传统追寻小说的颠覆及其对昆德拉的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱文霞

    2009-01-01

    在以"追寻"为母题的诸如、等传统追寻小说中,由于追寻目的的可实现性,艰辛的追寻本身虽沉重但也由此显得意义非凡.而现代主义作家卡夫卡则从由于追寻客体的难以企及而造成的追寻过程的沉重与追寻主体的执著之间的反比例关系入手,进一步揭示了这一沉重追寻的虚幻与荒诞,完成了对传统追寻小说的颠覆.但也正是卡夫卡的这种颠覆则开启了后现代主义小说家米兰·昆德拉对追寻本身的进一步思考.

  11. The Admiration for the Being——On Milan Kundera's The Unbearable Lightness of Being%对生存的注视——浅谈米兰·昆德拉《不能承受的生命之轻》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李奕奇

    2008-01-01

    本文通过对米兰·昆德拉代表作--的分析,揭示出作者对于人的生存的一种注视;同时以存在主义哲学理念渗透于作品解读中,使整篇文章有了一定的理论基础.分析从两方面展开:一是从小说情节所揭示的作品内涵看;二是从"媚俗"这一概念看.两者结合起来分析,不难看出,作家于作品中所赋予的对于存在的深刻关注.

  12. 文学翻译的诗学观——米兰·昆德拉小说《生命中不能承受之轻》及其两个中译本个案研究%Poetics Approach to Literary Translation——A Case Study of Two Chinese Versions of 'The Unbearable Lightness of Being' by Milan Kundera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李刚

    2008-01-01

    在对奈达"动态对等"翻译理论提出质疑的基础上,借助俄国形式主义诗学和法国梅肖尼克翻译诗学理论,对米兰·昆德拉小说及其韩少功、许钧两个中译本进行了分析和考察,进而在创造的层面上对文学翻译的性质加以探讨,得出文学翻译不是再生品而是新生品的结论.

  13. Betrayal:A Road Overgrown with Brambles-The Portraits of Betrayers in Milan Kundera's Fiction%荆棘丛生的背叛之旅——试论米兰·昆德拉笔下的背叛者群像

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张再红

    2008-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉是在勘察人类存在的基础上进行他的创作实践的,而"背叛"则是他小说中人物寻找自我、追求理想、体验生存环境的重要方式.本文以、、、为例,分析了昆德拉小说中的三种背叛:雅罗米尔背叛非我及寻找自我的抒情态度,雅库布等通过背叛崇高和正义质疑既定的人类价值体系与道德准则,托马斯等对生存境况进行怀疑和否定.正是在种种背叛中,米兰·昆德拉通过小说主人公开始了对人生目的和意义的探寻,从"自我"存在的意义上表达了对人类生存境况的真切关怀.

  14. Analytical Novel with Contrapuntal Counterpoint——To Interpret Milan Kundera's Novels from the Art of Plot%剖析性的对位式复调小说——从情节艺术角度解读米兰·昆德拉小说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜瑜

    2009-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉的小说与小说观来源于对"狂欢剖析体"的继承与发展,他的复调线索服从于"狂欢剖析体"剖析主题的需要.与巴赫金对话式复调小说理论不同,昆德拉的复调小说是结构的平行对位;与陀思妥耶夫斯基戏剧性的复调小说也不一样,昆德拉的复调小说重在概念性,剖析性.

  15. Interpreting Milan Kundera's The Slowness:A Dual Approach to Being's Thought and Poetic Thought%存在之思与诗性之思的双重抵达——对米兰·昆德拉《慢》的二维解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢中元; 石了英

    2007-01-01

    昆德拉小说《慢》既是"思性"的,也是"诗性"的."思性"指通过诠释"快"、"慢"、"舞蹈家"等主题词,追问人类存在的可能性,"诗性"表现为对简约、复调、游戏等小说艺术精神的表达.思与诗围绕存在,三位一体抵达昆德拉独特的小说诗学.

  16. 异质文化下的生命存在抗争——米兰·昆德拉的流亡书写%Fight of Life Existence under the Background of Foreign Culture——Milan Kundera's Writing on Exile

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李维

    2009-01-01

    米兰·昆德拉以他独特的生活经历在其一系列小说创作中给予流亡状态下的生命存在以热切关注和深刻思考,以其个人而又社会、生活化以及哲理化的流亡书写叙述了异质文化下身处遗忘与记忆、回归与认同和自我身份纠葛中的生命抗争,揭示和追问了人类生命存在的多重维度和本质.

  17. Outside Love:On Love Scene in Milan Kundera's Novel The Unbearable Lightness of Being%局外的爱——试论米兰·昆德拉《生命中不能承受之轻》的爱情场景

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭丽娟

    2007-01-01

    文章旨在通过分析《生命中不能承受之轻》这部小说中的特丽莎、托马斯、萨宾娜这三个人物形象,揭示不同的爱情场案中人被局外化的情境,从而透射了人类的基本生存境况,以及在这种情景中人类的生存悖论.

  18. Identification of Candidate Zero Maintenance Paving Materials. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-05-01

    Prefabbricati," Dilacon Anic (Expansivo Per Cemento ), La Prefabbricazione, Milan, Italy, No. 11, ANIC, Nov 1975, pp 1-11. 56. Chatterji, S. and...Research, Vol 2, 1972, pp 213-223. 61. Collina, V., "Tubi Per Condutto A Pressione," Dilacon Anic (Expansivo Per Cemento ), La Prefabbricazione, Milan...Vol 7, No. 4, Apr 1962, pp 105-106. 94. Ferrari, F., "Moderately Expansive Cements," Il Cemento (Milan), Vol 46, Nos. 5 and 6, 1949, pp 68-71

  19. CSF Markers in Guillain-Barre Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A positive 14-3-3 protein assay of CSF was observed in 29 of 38 patients with GBS and in 4 with motor neuron disease and other neuropathies studied at Universities of Milan and Verona, Italy.

  20. Romaanikunst ja Kundera liitmise meetod / Kärt Hellerma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hellerma, Kärt, 1956-

    1998-01-01

    Arvustus: Kundera, Milan. Romaanikunst. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1998. (Loomingu Raamatukogu; 11/12). Ilmunud ka kogumikus: Hellerma, Kärt. Kohanenud kirjandus : valik kirjanduskriitikat 1987-2006. Eesti Keele Sihtasutus : Tallinn, 2006. Lk. 180-182

  1. "Ja lahkuda polnud kerge" : pisteline essee reetmisest / Tõnu Õnnepalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õnnepalu, Tõnu, 1962-

    2011-01-01

    Ka reetmise teemast kirjanduses: Milan Kundera romaanist "Olemise talumatu kergus", Louis-Ferdinand Céline'ist, Pierre Drieu La Rochelle'i Teise maailmasõja ajal kirjutatud päevikutest ja Jean Genet'st

  2. Romaanikunst ja Kundera liitmise meetod / Kärt Hellerma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hellerma, Kärt, 1956-

    1998-01-01

    Arvustus: Kundera, Milan. Romaanikunst. Tallinn : Perioodika, 1998. (Loomingu Raamatukogu; 11/12). Ilmunud ka kogumikus: Hellerma, Kärt. Kohanenud kirjandus : valik kirjanduskriitikat 1987-2006. Eesti Keele Sihtasutus : Tallinn, 2006. Lk. 180-182

  3. "Ja lahkuda polnud kerge" : pisteline essee reetmisest / Tõnu Õnnepalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õnnepalu, Tõnu, 1962-

    2011-01-01

    Ka reetmise teemast kirjanduses: Milan Kundera romaanist "Olemise talumatu kergus", Louis-Ferdinand Céline'ist, Pierre Drieu La Rochelle'i Teise maailmasõja ajal kirjutatud päevikutest ja Jean Genet'st

  4. Augustine’s baptism: Its significance once and today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes van Oort

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes in broad outline Augustine’s baptism in Milan (386 and stresses its significance for Augustine’s transition from Manichaean Christianity to Nicene Catholic Christianity.

  5. Protest and Innovation in Italy--The Great Exhibitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa de Beauregard, Pascaline

    1976-01-01

    Describes efforts to instill new life into the major agencies concerned with promotion of contemporary art, and emphasizes the need to de-politicize the major art expositions (the Venice Biennale, Rome Quadriennale, and Milan Triennale). (Author/RW)

  6. Verdi's High C

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jack M Balkin

    2013-01-01

      In December of 2000, Riccardo Muti, one of the most distinguished Verdi interpreters of his generation, opened the new opera season at Milan's La Scala Opera House with a performance of Verdi's Il Trovatore...

  7. A review of analgesic and emotive breathing: a multidisciplinary approach

    OpenAIRE

    Bordoni B; Marelli F; Bordoni G

    2016-01-01

    Bruno Bordoni,1–3 Fabiola Marelli,2,3 Giovannni Bordoni,2,31Department of Cardiology, Santa Maria Nascente IRCCS, Milan, Don Carlo Gnocchi Foundation, Milan, Italy; 2Department of Osteopathy, Centre de recherche d’emploi du Sud-Ouest (CRESO), Osteopathic Centre for Research and Studies, Falconara Marittima, Ancona, Italy; 3Department of Osteopathy, Centre de recherche d’emploi du Sud-Ouest (CRESO), Osteopathic Centre for Research and Studies, Castellanza, Varese,...

  8. The U.S. Coast Guard’s Ports, Waterways and Coastal Security Strategy Deployment Plan: An Operational Design for Maritime Homeland Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-31

    operational plan. Then, through the lens of Milan Vego’s Operational Design Schematic model found in Operational Warfare, vi it will show that the PWCS, while...the territorial waters of the U.S. In keeping with Milan Vego’s advice to “. . . operate along relatively short, multiple, and interior lines...smartly accomplishes Vego’s edict , “Favorable lines of operations and communications facilitate protection of one’s own forces’ operational center of

  9. Westernization or Modernization: The Political, Economic and Social Attitudes and Desires of the Post-Khomeini Generation in Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-05-25

    would take on this cause and move Iran closer to a democratic society, governed by the rule of law, not by clerics issuing edicts and controlling social...68 Neil Ford, “MTN to edge out Turkcell in Iran.” The Middle East, January, 2006, 37. 69 Milan ...October, 2003. Vesely, Milan . “www.irantopsites.com,” The Middle East, November, 2004. Vick, Carl. “Iranian President Says Pressure Won’t End

  10. IT’S THEIR MESSAGE, STUPID! Targeting the True Center of Gravity in the U.S. War on Terrorism

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-02-09

    Strategy for Combating Terrorism, Washington DC, p 23. 6 Milan Vego, Operational Warfare, Newport RI, Naval War College Press, 2000, p 309. 7 Ibid. 5...or capital weapons, or a state to call its own? The answer to this question beckons back to Dr. Milan Vego’s generic definition of COG: a “source of...Harakat-ul- Mujahidin.12 In establishing a World Islamic Jihad against the Jews and Crusaders through publication of such edicts as 1998 “Fatwah

  11. Targeting Enemy Leaders: Panacea or Pandora’s Box

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    considered and planned. In Operational Warfare, Milan Vego’s discussion of operational design includes the statement, "[O]ne option that could be more... Milan Vego defines center of gravity as that source of massed strength - physical or moral, or a source of leverage- whose serious degradation...Korean regime. We know that these totalitarian regimes are ruled by the edicts of single individuals. It therefore appears quite logical that

  12. 美女与野兽%Beauty and the Beasts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Suna Erdem; 路文琼; 邹德孜

    2004-01-01

    @@ Maja was only 15 when she arrived in Milan two years ago seeking fame and fortune as a model. A friend swiftly introduced her to Milan nightlife, and to three older men who frequented it. They gave her drugs, including cocaine, and, finally, a group of them lured her to a house. There,over a period of days, they repeatedly had sex with her, sometimes several at a time,causing her serious injuries.

  13. Cefditoren versus levofloxacin in patients with exacerbations of chronic bronchitis: serum inflammatory biomarkers, clinical efficacy, and microbiological eradication

    OpenAIRE

    Blasi F; Tarsia P; Mantero M; Morlacchi LC; Piffer F

    2013-01-01

    Francesco Blasi, Paolo Tarsia, Marco Mantero, Letizia C Morlacchi, Federico PifferDepartment of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, IRCCS Fondazione Cà Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, ItalyBackground: The aim of this open-label, randomized, parallel-group pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy of cefditoren pivoxil and levofloxacin in terms of speed of reduction in inflammatory parameters, clinical recovery, and microbiological eradication.Metho...

  14. Money, Regulation and Growth: Financing New Growth in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Bruni, Franco; Ganchev, Gancho; Tsenkov, Vladimir; Stravrova, Elena; Bastidon, Cécile; Cukierman, Alex; Kane, Edward J.; Quagliariello, Mario; Lopes, Samuel Da Rocha; Burke, Javier Villar; Scopelliti, Alessandro

    2014-01-01

    On June 4-5, 2014, SUERF and Baffi Finlawmetrics jointly organised a Colloquium/Conference “Money, Regulation and Growth: Financing New Growth in Europe” at Bocconi University, Milan. The present SUERF Study includes a selection of papers based on the authors’ contributions to the Milan event. The overall themes at the conference were the implications for economic growth of monetary policy, financial regulation and structural changes in European financial institutions and markets.

  15. 从存在主义论对生命轻重的选择——浅析米兰·昆德拉对萨特存在主义的哲学继承%An Analysis on the Choice between Lightness and Heaviness of Being from the Perspective of Existentialism——A discuss on Milan Kundera's philosophic inherence after Sarte's existentialism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    靳楠

    2011-01-01

    通过对萨特存在主义基本内容和存在主义文学基本特征的了解,分析米兰·昆德拉的代表作——《不能承受的生命之轻》,探讨了米兰·昆德拉作品中对萨特存在主义的哲学继承,揭示出萨特的存在主义对当代文学的影响以及昆德拉作品中对于生存和人生的深刻关注.

  16. Medical decision making and risky choices: psychological and medicolegal consequences of HIV and HCV contamination of blood products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riva S

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available S Riva,1 S Del Sordo,2,3 U Genovese,1,3 G Pravettoni1 1Department of Oncology and Hemato-oncology, University of Milan, Italy; 2FOLSATEC (Foundations & Ethics of the Life Sciences PhD School, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; 3Healthcare Accountability Lab, University of Milan, Milan, Italy Aims: The overall goal of this article is to make a scientific comment about the psycho-social consequences of hemophilia patients affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV and to point out the related medicolegal issues. Methods: This commentary takes into account some published evidences about the current scenario of hemophilia patients infected by HIV and/or HCV who received contaminated blood products in the late 1970s through 1985. Results: Several psychological and medicolegal consequences are related with HIV and HCV contamination of blood products. A multidisciplinary approach is needed to treat all the difficulties experienced by these patients and to ensure good clinical decisions in medical practice. Conclusion: The literature on the psychosocial functioning of hemophilia patients with human HIV and HCV infection offers a number of implications, including medicolegal issues, that can be discussed for guaranteeing a good level of care and safeguard of this group of patients. Keywords: hemophilia, viral contaminated blood products, monetary compensation, medico-legal issues, medical decision making

  17. Development of a risk based remedial strategy for an MGP site in northern Italy - a case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pozzi, R.; Battaglia, A.; Goldstein, R.; Wilson, D. [AEM, Milan (Italy)

    1995-12-31

    The `Officina del Gas della Bovisa`, or Bovisa MGP, started operations in 1908, to generate gas for distribution to the city of Milan, Italy. From its inception to 1969, gas was manufactured at the Bovisa site by distillation of coal. By 1969, the coal distillation plant was decommissioned and totally replaced with a plant for the production of gas via the reforming of light petroleum hydrocarbons and mixing of air with methane. In 1981, the Bovisa MGP and the Milan distribution network were taken over by Azienda Energetica Municipale (AEM), Milan, which started the process of changing over gas service to methane. This `methanization` project was completed in 1994, at which time all gas production equipment at the Bovisa site was decommissioned. A site remediation feasibility study was carried out, first involving a site investigation through soil sampling, then a risk assessment and feasibility study.

  18. Knowledge Communication in Green Corporate Marketing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maier, Carmen Daniela

    2011-01-01

    This article explores how several types of knowledge are communicated through the simultaneous deployment of two semiotic modes in the Milan video existing on GE Corporation's website. The video is part of the Ecomagination marketing campaign promoting environmentally friendly products and positi...... analysis; knowledge communication; environmental discourse; green corporate marketing......This article explores how several types of knowledge are communicated through the simultaneous deployment of two semiotic modes in the Milan video existing on GE Corporation's website. The video is part of the Ecomagination marketing campaign promoting environmentally friendly products...

  19. The new SGR 1550-5418 is the old AXP 1E1547.0-5408

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rea, N.; Esposito, P.; Krimm, H. A.; Palmer, D. M.; Mereghetti, S.; Tiengo, A.; Israel, G. L.

    2008-10-01

    N. Rea (U. Amsterdam), P. Esposito (INAF-IASF, Milan), H. A. Krimm (CRESST/GSFC/USRA), D. M. Palmer (LANL), S. Mereghetti, A. Tiengo (INAF-IASF, Milan), G.L. Israel (INAF-OAR) Swift-BAT triggered today on several Galactic short bursts (Krimm et al. GCN 8311, 8312), which were claimed to come from a new Soft Gamma Repeater SGR 1550-5418. However, given the positional coincidence of this new putative SGR 1550-5418 with the Anomalous X-ray Pulsar (AXP) 1E1547.0-5408 (Gelfand & Gaensler 2007; Camilo et al.

  20. Post-steroid management of chronic vulvar itching with a topical formula containing natural anti-itching and anti-inflammatory actives

    OpenAIRE

    Di Pierro F; Di Maio E; Di Paola G; Felice R; Murina F

    2013-01-01

    Francesco Di Pierro,1 Eleonora Di Maio,2 Gaetana Di Paola,3 Raffaele Felice,4 Filippo Murina41Velleja Research, Milan, Italy; 2Molinette Hospital, Turin, Italy; 3ASL TO-3/TO-4, Turin, Italy; 4Outpatient Department of Vulvar Disease, V Buzzi Hospital-ICP, Milan, ItalyAim: To determine whether use of a topical, nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory, and anti-itching formula was able to preserve the absence of symptoms, mainly itching and burning, induced by an earlier and relatively short treatment w...

  1. [Occupational medicine was born in the unified Italy: the statistical and epidemiological roots of the new discipline].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riva, M A; Cesana, G

    2011-01-01

    Occupational Medicine was born in the unified Italy, thanks to the contributions of statistics and epidemiology. In Milan, since the Medieval Ages there had been systems for recording health data (e.g. deaths and their presumed causes), but these data were analyzed only during the 19th century. In this context the "Accademia Fisio-Medico-Statistica di Milano" was founded in 1844. Its members led pioneering statistical and epidemiological surveys, which opened the debate on social and health problems related to work. So, the activities of the Accademia promoted the development of the appropriate climate for the birth of Occupational Medicine in Milan.

  2. More can be less

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, M.R.

    2001-01-01

    Fremlæggelse af en tese om, at en række værker med vilje har en overflod af referencer - til forfatteren, til historien - for at skjule betydningen af dette. Inddragelse af værker af Svend Åge Madsen, J. P. Jacobsen, Milan Kundera og Jorge Luis Borges.......Fremlæggelse af en tese om, at en række værker med vilje har en overflod af referencer - til forfatteren, til historien - for at skjule betydningen af dette. Inddragelse af værker af Svend Åge Madsen, J. P. Jacobsen, Milan Kundera og Jorge Luis Borges....

  3. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 81, Number 3, May-June 1938

    Science.gov (United States)

    1938-06-01

    BRADSHAW, JR., C.A.C., Editor~ VOLUME LXXXI NUMBER 3 CONTENTS PICTURES 200 FRONTISPIECE 162 PHOTO-ELECTRIC EyE 188 By Lieutmant Milan G. lVeber HAPPY NEW...concept of the war of the f"t"re as shown in the MGM film, "lVest Point of the Air." THE PHOTO-ELECTRIC EYE By lieutenant Milan G. WeberJ Coast...Commanding 92d Coast Artillery (PS) (TD) By Major R. E. Phillips An official edict of the Commonwealth Government says the hot season has arrived and

  4. Ji Wenbo, "Confidence is A Key"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Jie

    2007-01-01

    @@ The three time winner of 'Best Menswear Designer' and the head of design for Lilang (China) Co., Ltd, is now best known for being the first Chinese designer to showcase in Milan fashion week. After series of careful examinations and discussions by the board of Milan fashion week, in December 2006 Ji Wenbo received the official invite by The National Chamber for Italy Fashion (The Camera Nazionale delta Moda Italiana) and the door to one of the world's most privileged fashion stages opens to China fashion.

  5. Einstein and Besso: from Z\\"urich to Milano

    OpenAIRE

    Bracco, Christian

    2014-01-01

    The 1896-1901 Milanese period is a key one to understand Einstein's training background. When he was a student at the ETH in Z\\"urich (the Swiss Federal Polytechnic in Z\\"urich) from 1896 to 1900, he would make regular trips back to Milan to stay with his family who was involved in the development of the electricity industry in northern Italy. Between 1899 and 1901, he would meet his faithful friend and collaborator, Michele Besso in Milan on a regular basis. Given their relationship, the 189...

  6. Causal Univariate Spatial-Temporal Autoregressive Moving Averages (STARMA) Modelling of Target Information to Generate Tasking of a World-Wide Sensor System

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-03-01

    plots. GNUPLOT is an interactive plotting program. Examination of plots of the frequency distributions aggregated over each year may reveal a trend...Thomas and Colin Kelley. GNUPLOT : An Interactive Plotting Program. Version 3.0. User’s Manual. 27. Zeleny, Milan. Multiple Criteria Decision Making. New

  7. LIBO - boosting medical cyclotron facilities for cancer therapy Exhibition LEPFest 2000

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Length : Energy boost : From 62 to 200 MeVAccelerating gradient : 10 MeV/metreAccelerating frequency : 3 GHz Collaboration : CERN, INFN and University of Milan, INFN and University of Naples and TERA foundation Prototype test in 2001 : SC cyclotron Catania

  8. Art Meta-4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, Camilla; Jensen, Hans Siggaard

    2003-01-01

    Managing through Variety: The European Style. 3rd European Academy of Management (EURAM) Conference , Milan (Italy). 2003 Short description: This paper focuses on the use of art metaphors in today?s world of management and organizational practice. Abstract: This paper focuses on the use of art me...

  9. 78 FR 73884 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993; National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-09

    ... Antitrust Division Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993; National... November 14, 2013, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993... Company LLC, Orlando, FL; Lewis Machine & Tool Company, Milan, IL; Lund & Company Invention LLC,...

  10. Neurophysiological Research Supporting the Investigation of Adaptive Network Architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-05-01

    Institute, Milan Served as a teacher on the courses in Neurochemistry organized by the European Molecular Biology Organization. Awards: 1966 Eotvo*s...or-None Output System A negative fee.!ack, Reaion of nary tran•formation lAdao~tiveLM (element -"K" System B negative feecback Re-ion Of 6inary I

  11. Erratum: Measurements of prompt charm production cross-sections in pp collisions at root s = 13 TeV (vol 03, 159, 2016)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aaij, R.; Dufour, L.; Mulder, M; Onderwater, C. J. G.; Pellegrino, A.; Tolk, S.

    2017-01-01

    C. Baesso, M. Cruz Torres, C. Göbel, J. Molina Rodriguez are associated to Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Y. Xie, J. Yu are associated to Center for High Energy Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China D. A. Milanes, I. A. Monroy, J. A. Rodriguez Lopez are

  12. Getting ready for beam in hall EHN1

    CERN Multimedia

    1977-01-01

    A number of beams were made available in the North Area of the SPS. The photo shows the unpacking of the NA1 equipment and its installation in the E4 beam. The experiment NA1 was set up by the Frascati-Milan-Pisa-Rome Collaboration (FRAM) to study the photoproduction of vector and scalar bosons.

  13. Designing a Strategic Plan through an Emerging Knowledge Generation Process: The ATM Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanotti, Francesco

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this contribution is to describe a new methodology for designing strategic plans and how it was implemented by ATM, a public transportation agency based in Milan, Italy. Design/methodology/approach: This methodology is founded on a new system theory, called "quantum systemics". It is based on models and metaphors both…

  14. Breaking the Patriarchal Vision of Social Science: Lessons from a Family Therapy Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNamee, Sheila

    The Milan model of systemic family therapy, developed in Italy and based on G. Bateson's cybernetic epistemology, can help meet the goals of a feminist/systemic epistemology in research by accepting data in its "traditional" form yet also connecting it to the act of researching, itself, thereby merging a feminist perspective with the…

  15. Investigating L2 Spoken English through the Role Play Learner Corpus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nava, Andrea; Pedrazzini, Luciana

    2011-01-01

    We describe an exploratory study carried out within the University of Milan, Department of English the aim of which was to analyse features of the spoken English of first-year Modern Languages undergraduates. We compiled a learner corpus, the "Role Play" corpus, which consisted of 69 role-play interactions in English carried out by…

  16. Anoplophora Chinensis & Anoplophora Glabripennis: new tools for predicting, detecting and fighting. How to save our forests and our urban green spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    This Supplement has been co-ordinated by:

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Special issue on:Anoplophora Chinensis & Anoplophora Glabripennis: new tools for predicting, detecting and fighting. How to save our forests and our urban green spaces Milan, 9-11 May 2012 A conference sponsored by the OECD’s co-operative research programme on biological resource management for sustainable agricultural systems

  17. Autism and Multidisciplinary Teamwork through the SCERTS Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molteni, Paola; Guldberg, Karen; Logan, Nick

    2013-01-01

    This research investigates multidisciplinary teamwork in an English special school located in the West Midlands region of the UK. The research was carried out by Paola Molteni, a PhD student at Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Karen Guldberg of the Autism Centre for Education and Research Director at the University of Birmingham School…

  18. Observations about Leonardo's drawings for Luca Pacioli

    CERN Document Server

    Huylebrouck, Dirk

    2013-01-01

    Three versions of Luca Pacioli's 'De Dvina Proportione' remain: a manuscript held in Milan, another in Geneva and a printed version edited in Venice. A recent book, 'Antologia della Divina Proporzione', has all three in one volume, allowing an easy comparison of the different versions. The present paper proposes some observations about these drawings, generally said to be of Leonardo da Vinci's hand.

  19. Overview of the TREC 2012 Web Track

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-01

    picture of the Last Supper painting by Leonardo da Vinci . </description> <subtopic number=ŕ" type="nav"> Find a picture of the Last Supper painting by...Leonardo da Vinci . </subtopic> <subtopic number=Ŗ" type="nav"> Are tickets available online to view da Vinci’s Last Supper in Milan, Italy

  20. A Fruitful Exchange/Conflict: Engineers and Mathematicians in Early Modern Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maffioli, Cesare S.

    2013-01-01

    Exchanges of learning and controversies between engineers and mathematicians were important factors in the development of early modern science. This theme is discussed by focusing, first, on architectural and mathematical dynamism in mid 16th-century Milan. While some engineers-architects referred to Euclid and Vitruvius for improving their…

  1. Lingua franca in Central Europe after the Disappearance of German

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Snel, G.

    2012-01-01

    This chapter discusses a multilingual community of writers and intellectuals who gathered around the idea of a Central European culture in the 1980s, during the last decade of the Cold War. Czesław Miłosz, Danilo Kiš, Milan Kundera, György Konrád and others advocated the idea of a Central European c

  2. Muusika DVD-d / Mart Normet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Normet, Mart, 1979-

    2006-01-01

    Uutest DVD-dest U2 "ZooTV: Live From Sydney", Cool D "Legaalselt eetris", Pink Floyd "Pulse", Depeche Mode "Touring The Angel: Live In Milan", Rammstein "Völkerball", Metsatöll "Lahinguväljal näeme, raisk"

  3. Bruno Munari and the invention of modern graphic design in Italy, 1928-1945

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Colizzi, Alessandro

    2011-01-01

    This study examines Bruno Munari’s work as a graphic designer from the late 1920s to mid-1940s, with the aim of understanding the emergence and characteristics of the modernist trend in Italian graphic design. Taking shape in Milan, an original ‘design culture’ eclectically brought together two

  4. Impact of human bocavirus on children and their families

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Esposito, Susanna; Bosis, Samantha; Niesters, Hubert G M; Tremolati, Elena; Sabatini, Caterina; Porta, Alessandro; Fossali, Emilio; Osterhaus, Albert D M E; Principi, Nicola

    2008-01-01

    This study was planned to investigate the prevalence and clinical features of the illnesses associated with human bocavirus (hBoV) in children with acute disease. We prospectively enrolled all subjects aged less than 15 years attending an emergency room in Milan, Italy, on Wednesdays and Sundays bet

  5. Impact of human coronavirus infections in otherwise healthy children who attended an emergency department

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Esposito, Susanna; Bosis, Samantha; Niesters, Hubert G M; Tremolati, Elena; Begliatti, Enrica; Rognoni, Alessandro; Tagliabue, Claudia; Principi, Nicola; Osterhaus, Albert D M E

    2006-01-01

    This prospective clinical and virological study of 2,060 otherwise healthy children aged <15 years of age (1,112 males; mean age +/- SD, 3.46 +/- 3.30 years) who attended the Emergency Department of Milan University's Institute of Pediatrics because of an acute disease excluding trauma during the wi

  6. Impact of human bocavirus on children and their families

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S. Esposito (Susanna); S. Bosis (Samantha); H.G.M. Niesters (Bert); E. Tremolati (Elena); C. Sabatini (Caterina); A. Porta (Alessandro); E. Fossali (Emilio); A.D.M.E. Osterhaus (Albert); N. Principi (Nicola)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThis study was planned to investigate the prevalence and clinical features of the illnesses associated with human bocavirus (hBoV) in children with acute disease. We prospectively enrolled all subjects aged less than 15 years attending an emergency room in Milan, Italy, on Wednesdays and

  7. Kokk discusses unified foreign service with Czechs / Ella Karapetyan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karapetyan, Ella

    2010-01-01

    Välisministeeriumi kantsler Marten Kokk kohtus Tšehhi Euroopa asjade asevälisministri Vladimir Galuska ja haldusküsimuste aseministri Milan Sedlacekiga. Kohtumistel räägiti Euroopa Liidu välisteenistuse loomisest, Euroopa Liidu laienemisest ja idapartnerlusest ning Eesti ja Tšehhi vahelistest suhetest

  8. Disability and Functional Profiles of Patients with Myasthenia Gravis Measured with ICF Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonardi, Matilde; Raggi, Alberto; Antozzi, Carlo; Confalonieri, Paolo; Maggi, Lorenzo; Cornelio, Ferdinando; Mantegazza, Renato

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this study is to describe functional profiles of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG), and the relationships among symptoms, activities and environmental factors (EF), by using WHO's International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF). Patients were consecutively enrolled at the Besta Institute of Milan, Italy.…

  9. Disability and Functional Profiles of Patients with Migraine Measured with ICF Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raggi, Alberto

    2010-01-01

    To describe the functional profiles of patients with migraine, and the relationships between symptoms, activities and environmental factors, using WHO's International Classification of Functioning (ICF). Patients were consecutively enrolled at the Besta Institute of Milan. The ICF checklist was administered and two count-based indexes developed:…

  10. 6th Regional Symposium of the International Fossil Algae Associaton, Milano, July 1-5, 2009. Abstracts and Field trip guide-book.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The 6th Regional Symposium of the International Fossil Algae Associaton took place in Milan, on July 1-5, 2009. Abstracts and Field trip guide-book are available in this special issue 2009 of the Museologia Scientifica e Naturalistica.

  11. Airmindedness Without Airheadedness: A Way Ahead for Airmen to Lead Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-14

    elements. Milan Vego points to a rogues’ gallery of “systems theory, Soviet operational art, French postmodern philosophy, social sciences, psychology... architecture and urban planning, and, more recently, ancient Chinese military thinking” as formative factors.6 Others note collaborative urban

  12. Robotic Technology: An Assessment and Forecast,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-07-01

    resources of the Milan Polytechnic has been the Laboratorlo per Ricerche de Dinamica dei Sistemi e di Bioingogneria (LADSEB), a national institute for...robotic assembly. Due to the combination of large volume production and pre-existing familiarity with robots# the automotive industry is likely to be an

  13. Petras tunge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thurah, Thomas

    hovedstæder, små og store metropoler, hvor historien har sat sig tydelige spor og endnu gør det for magtfuldt og tilsyneladende tvivlløst at bevidne en ny tingenes orden. Litteraturen skrives af bl.a. Martin Amis, Hanif Kureishi, Marcel Beyer, Günter Grass, Milan Kundera, Cees Nooteboom, Aldo Busi, Claudio...

  14. Ismail Kadere’s Idea of Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ossewaarde, Marinus

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this article is to reconstruct and pinpoint the peculiarities of Ismail Kadare’s idea of Europe. Kadare’s idea of Europe, it is argued, differs from the ideas of Europe embraced or presumed by intellectuals like Paul Valéry, Georg Simmel, Danilo Kiš, Václav Havel, Adam Michnik, or Milan K

  15. Autism and Multidisciplinary Teamwork through the SCERTS Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molteni, Paola; Guldberg, Karen; Logan, Nick

    2013-01-01

    This research investigates multidisciplinary teamwork in an English special school located in the West Midlands region of the UK. The research was carried out by Paola Molteni, a PhD student at Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, Karen Guldberg of the Autism Centre for Education and Research Director at the University of Birmingham School…

  16. Operational Art in Theory and War: A Comparison of Soviet Theory and the Red Army’s Conduct in Operation BAGRATION 1944

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-22

    25 David R. Stone, “Misreading Svechin: Attrition, Annihilation, and Historicism ” The Journal of Military History 76 (July 2012), 678. 26 Ibid...Attrition, Annihilation, and Historicism .” The Journal of Military History, Vol. 76, No. 3 (July 2012), 673-693. Vego, Milan. “On Military Theory” JFQ

  17. Bambini: The Italian Approach to Infant/Toddler Care. Early Childhood Education Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gandini, Lella, Ed.; Edwards, Carolyn Pope, Ed.

    This book describes Italian experiences in providing early care and education, focusing on four cities--Milan, Parma, Reggio Emilia, and Pistoia--with outstanding city-run systems designed to serve children under 3 and their families. The book considers specific strategies or practices used, and interprets the significance of the Italian…

  18. Air pollution and daily admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in 6 European cities : Results from the APHEA project

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Anderson, HR; Spix, C; Medina, S; Schouten, JP; Castellsague, J; Rossi, G; Zmirou, D; Touloumi, G; Wojtyniak, B; Ponka, A; Bacharova, L; Schwartz, J; Katsouyanni, K

    1997-01-01

    We investigated the short-term effects of air pollution on hospital admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Europe. As part of a European project (Air Pollution and Health, a European Approach (APHEA)), we analysed data from the cities of Amsterdam, Barcelona, London, Milan, P

  19. Proper comparison among methods using a confusion matrix

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Salmon, BP

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available -1 IGARSS 2015, Milan, Italy, 26-31 July 2015 Proper comparison among methods using a confusion matrix 1,2 B.P. Salmon, 2,3 W. Kleynhans, 2,3 C.P. Schwegmann and 1J.C. Olivier 1School of Engineering and ICT, University of Tasmania, Australia 2...

  20. Bilge dump detection from SAR imagery using local binary patterns

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mdakane, LW

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available 2015: Remote Sensing: Understanding the Earth for a Safer World, Milan, Italy, 26-31 July 2015 Bilge dump detection from SAR imagery using local binary patterns yz L.W. Mdakane,yz W. Kleynhans,yz C.P. Schwegmann yDepartment of Electrical...

  1. A Fruitful Exchange/Conflict: Engineers and Mathematicians in Early Modern Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maffioli, Cesare S.

    2013-01-01

    Exchanges of learning and controversies between engineers and mathematicians were important factors in the development of early modern science. This theme is discussed by focusing, first, on architectural and mathematical dynamism in mid 16th-century Milan. While some engineers-architects referred to Euclid and Vitruvius for improving their…

  2. Recommendation on measures to safeguard freedom of expression and undistorted competition in EU trade mark law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Minssen, Timo

    2015-01-01

    of Milan and Luiss University Rome, Italy Jonathan Griffths Reader in Intellectual Property Law, School of Law, Queen Mary, University of London, United Kingdom Henning Grosse Ruse-Khan Lecturer and Fellow at King’s College, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, and External Researcher, Max Planck...

  3. Designing a Strategic Plan through an Emerging Knowledge Generation Process: The ATM Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zanotti, Francesco

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this contribution is to describe a new methodology for designing strategic plans and how it was implemented by ATM, a public transportation agency based in Milan, Italy. Design/methodology/approach: This methodology is founded on a new system theory, called "quantum systemics". It is based on models and metaphors both…

  4. Teaching the Short Story: A Guide to Using Stories from around the World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, Bonnie H., Ed.; McDonnell, Helen M., Ed.

    An innovative and practical resource for teachers looking to move beyond English and American works, this book explores 175 highly teachable short stories from nearly 50 countries, highlighting the work of recognized authors from practically every continent, authors such as Chinua Achebe, Anita Desai, Nadine Gordimer, Milan Kundera, Isak Dinesen,…

  5. Criminal Acts against Civil Aviation 1987

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    Ont. London/Ireland 12-23-87 KLM B-737 Amsterdam, Neth./Milan. Italy United States/Extortion 12-25-87 Iranian Airliner Unknown Tehran/ Mashad , Iran...Iranian airliner on a domestic flight between Tehran and Mashad , according to an Iranian news service. The hijackers, armed with a hand grenade, were

  6. Teachers' Ideas about Health: Implications for Health Promotion at School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miglioretti, Massimo; Velasco, Veronica; Celata, Corrado; Vecchio, Luca

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: The study explores the relationships among teachers' health representations, their ideas about health promotion, their working conditions and their involvement in health-promotion activities at school. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 107 teachers in 86 schools in Milan (Italy). The questionnaire was structured in four…

  7. 老杨老张游欧洲

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨钧; 张鹰; 饭饭杨

    2004-01-01

    Unable to speak a word of any European language and with an aversion to package tours, the Yangs, a retired Shanghainese couple surprised friends and relatives alike in April this year by fulfiUing a long-term dream - backpacking across Europe. World Traveller will document the 83-day odyssey in a series of articles beginning with the couple's first stop in Milan.

  8. Terrorism: American Concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-04-01

    individuals "willfully" violating the executive edict . (24:19) As explained above, certain actions can be (and were) legally taken by the U.S. in response...34Terrorism: How the West Can Win." Time, 14 April 1986, pp. 48-59. 20. Nordland, Rod with Zofia Smardz, Richard Sandz, John Walcott, and Milan J. Kubic

  9. The First Test: Madison’s Strategy, The Constitution, and the War of 1812

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    nonintercourse only after either France or Britain first revoked its edicts against the United States.35 Far from securing neutral rights, this...face value France‟s repeal of its restrictive Berlin and Milan decrees as applied to the United States, whereas the British believed the supposed

  10. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 68, Number 4, April 1928

    Science.gov (United States)

    1928-04-01

    of many ex-servicemen who were willing to fight if necessary to keep the socialists from seizing control of.the Government. At Milan onMarch 23, 1919...tonnage tax was enforced. The Embargo Act of 1808 prohibited domestic commerce to foreign flags, and this edict was renewed in the American Navigation Act

  11. The Ethics of Military Deception

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    circumstances to be avoided.Ř Ambrose Ambrose (A.D. 340-397), the Roman governor of northern Italy,5 Bishop of Milan , mentor to Augustine, and... edicts . It can try a person for life or limb, and it can imprison or execute those found to have defied its authority. More relevant to the present

  12. The Effect of Personnel Stability on Organizational Performance: Do Battalions with Stable Command Groups Achieve Higher Training Proficiency at the National Training Center?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    As chief, one of Meyer’s first edicts was to declare that the length of command tours would rise from an average of two years to a minimum of...B. Tiggle, and Lynn M. Milan , “The Effects of Battalion Staff Stabilization on Individual and Unit Performance: A Preliminary Investigation”, ARI

  13. Ja lahkuda polnud kerge : pisteline essee reetmisest / Tõnu Õnnepalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õnnepalu, Tõnu

    2006-01-01

    Ka Milan Kundera romaanist "Olemise talumatu kergus", Louis-Ferdinand Céline'ist (1894-1961), Pierre Drieu La Rochelle'i (1893-1945) Teise maailmasõja ajal kirjutatud päevikutest ja Jean Genet'st (1910-1986). Ilmunud ka: Vikerkaar nr. 9, 1992

  14. Global War on Terrorism: Analyzing the Strategic Threat

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-11-01

    along with the leaders of extrem- ist groups in Egypt, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, bin Laden broadened his earlier edict . In the fatwa, he specifies that...with the Islamic Cultural Institute of Milan and the Islamic Tuscan Community of Florence.187 In interviews, the historical leaders also explained that

  15. Weapons Acquisition. Processes of Selected Foreign Government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-02-01

    period from 1977 to 1985: (1) 5.56mm calibre assault rifle. (2) Milan and Hot antitank weapon systems. (3) Roland ground-to-air weapon system. (4) AMX 30...and standardization edicts . Awards and penalties are laid on accordingly. (7/17, 13/20) The ministries stand apart from one another in the same way

  16. Tarnished Victory: Divided Command in the Pacific and its Consequences in the Naval Battle for Leyte Gulf

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-06-12

    requests for help. Halsey was unaware how 46 significantly MacArthur’s edict that all Seventh Fleet message traffic pass through Manus degraded...75, USSBS No. 378, 1945. http://ibiblio.org/hyperwar/AAF/USSBS/IJO/IJO-75.html. 16 June 2009. Vego, Milan . The Battle for Leyte, 1944: Allied and

  17. Disability and Functional Profiles of Patients with Myasthenia Gravis Measured with ICF Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonardi, Matilde; Raggi, Alberto; Antozzi, Carlo; Confalonieri, Paolo; Maggi, Lorenzo; Cornelio, Ferdinando; Mantegazza, Renato

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this study is to describe functional profiles of patients with myasthenia gravis (MG), and the relationships among symptoms, activities and environmental factors (EF), by using WHO's International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF). Patients were consecutively enrolled at the Besta Institute of Milan, Italy.…

  18. Navigators for medicine: evolution of online point-of-care evidence-based services

    OpenAIRE

    Moja, Lorenzo

    2010-01-01

    Abstract n/a : Moja, Lorenzo, merged with this user on 09-Mar-2010 by Gaston, Thomas (Moja, Lorenzo) (Moja, Lorenzo) Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Italian Cochrane Centre - Milan - ITALY (Moja, Lorenzo) ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY ITALY...

  19. LCA Comparison of waste incineration in Denmark and Italy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turconi, Roberto; Butera, Stefania; Boldrin, Alessio

    2011-01-01

    of two incinerator systems that are representative of conditions in Northern and Southern Europe. The two case studies are Aarhus (Denmark) and Milan (Italy). The results show that waste incineration appears more environmentally friendly in the Danish case than in the Italian one, due to the higher...

  20. Muusika DVD-d / Mart Normet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Normet, Mart, 1979-

    2006-01-01

    Uutest DVD-dest U2 "ZooTV: Live From Sydney", Cool D "Legaalselt eetris", Pink Floyd "Pulse", Depeche Mode "Touring The Angel: Live In Milan", Rammstein "Völkerball", Metsatöll "Lahinguväljal näeme, raisk"

  1. Development of Intraductal Technique for Breast Cancer Prevention, Diagnosis and Treatment (97 Breast)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-10-01

    Surgeons 2. Presentations: (1) Istituto Europeo di Oncologia ( Milan) Grand Rounds, "Intraductal approach to the breast," July 7, 1999. (2) Yale...in nipple aspirate fluid (NAF) using manual breast pumps (Petrakis et al and Sartorius et al), nipple aspiration is a relatively inefficient technique

  2. Liver transplantation in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Polak, Wojciech G.; Soyama, Akihiko; Slooff, Maarten J. H.

    2008-01-01

    Liver transplantation has a definitive place in the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in a cirrhotic liver. Patients with a tumor load within the Milan criteria have excellent survival comparable to survival in patients with benign indications. When tumor load exceeds the Mil

  3. The Language of Connection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gold, Eva; Simpson, Deb

    2012-01-01

    Researchers at "Facebook" and the University of Milan have dismissed the idea of 6 degrees of separation between two people and maintain that it has shrunk considerably in the past few years to 4.7 degrees. This may not seem surprising until they realise that the original experiment published in 1967 by the psychologist Stanley Milgram…

  4. Capra, Baldassar [Baldassarre] (1580-1626)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Italian astronomer, born in Milan, studied in Padua. He attacked GALILEO over his three public lectures, delivered at the University of Padua on the new star which appeared in 1604, and crossed swords with him in an incident in which Capra plagiarized Galileo's work on the proportional compass. Galileo replied with a devastating defense, and Capra was expelled from the university. See SIMON MARIU...

  5. Suggestions for an archaeologist: a side note to “Fellini-Satyricon. L’immaginario dell’antico”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Pesando

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available A reflection on Fellini’s creativity and his archaeological knowledge of the Vesuvian sites (Pompeii, and, especially, Herculaneum; the text was inspired by the reading of the book Fellini-Satyricon. L’immaginario dell’antico (a cura di F. Slavazzi, E. Gagetti, R. De Berti, which was presented in Milan on May 10, 2010.

  6. Knowledge Communication in Green Corporate Marketing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maier, Carmen Daniela

    2011-01-01

    This article explores how several types of knowledge are communicated through the simultaneous deployment of two semiotic modes in the Milan video existing on GE Corporation's website. The video is part of the Ecomagination marketing campaign promoting environmentally friendly products and positi...... analysis; knowledge communication; environmental discourse; green corporate marketing...

  7. More can be less

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, M.R.

    2001-01-01

    Fremlæggelse af en tese om, at en række værker med vilje har en overflod af referencer - til forfatteren, til historien - for at skjule betydningen af dette. Inddragelse af værker af Svend Åge Madsen, J. P. Jacobsen, Milan Kundera og Jorge Luis Borges....

  8. Kokk discusses unified foreign service with Czechs / Ella Karapetyan

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Karapetyan, Ella

    2010-01-01

    Välisministeeriumi kantsler Marten Kokk kohtus Tšehhi Euroopa asjade asevälisministri Vladimir Galuska ja haldusküsimuste aseministri Milan Sedlacekiga. Kohtumistel räägiti Euroopa Liidu välisteenistuse loomisest, Euroopa Liidu laienemisest ja idapartnerlusest ning Eesti ja Tšehhi vahelistest suhetest

  9. Unusta, säilita, mäleta : kunstnikud materialiseerivad mälu / Laura Põld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põld, Laura, 1984-

    2015-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline näitus "Tracing the Memory" Vaal galeriis 17. detsembrist 2014 kuni 17. jaanuarini 2015, kuraatorid Annika Toots ja Slavomira Ondrušová. Eksponeeriti Daniela Krajčová, Jan Nálevka, Katarina Poliačiková, Laura Tootsi ja Milan Vagač'i installatsioone. Kunstnike eluloolisi andmeid

  10. Ja lahkuda polnud kerge : pisteline essee reetmisest / Tõnu Õnnepalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Õnnepalu, Tõnu

    2006-01-01

    Ka Milan Kundera romaanist "Olemise talumatu kergus", Louis-Ferdinand Céline'ist (1894-1961), Pierre Drieu La Rochelle'i (1893-1945) Teise maailmasõja ajal kirjutatud päevikutest ja Jean Genet'st (1910-1986). Ilmunud ka: Vikerkaar nr. 9, 1992

  11. Migration and Literature

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frank, Søren

    We live in an age of migration and more and more authors have migrant backgrounds. Migration and Literature offers a thorough and thought provoking examination of the thematic and formal role of migration in four contemporary and canonized novelists, Günter Grass, Milan Kundera, Salman Rushdie...

  12. A Corpus-Based Stylistic Analysis of "Body-Soul" and "Heaviness-Lightness" Metaphors in Kundera's Novel "The Unbearable Lightness of Being"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussein, Khalid Shakir; Ameer, May Ali Abdul

    2015-01-01

    This paper represents an attempt to conduct a corpus-based stylistic analysis of two conceptual metaphors in "The Unbearable Lightness of Being," which is a novel written by Milan Kundera. "Soul-body" and "lightness-heaviness" metaphors are foregrounded as being central themes all through the novel. The way such…

  13. Ismail Kadere’s Idea of Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ossewaarde, Marinus R.R.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this article is to reconstruct and pinpoint the peculiarities of Ismail Kadare’s idea of Europe. Kadare’s idea of Europe, it is argued, differs from the ideas of Europe embraced or presumed by intellectuals like Paul Valéry, Georg Simmel, Danilo Kiš, Václav Havel, Adam Michnik, or Milan

  14. Lingua franca in Central Europe after the Disappearance of German

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Snel, G.

    2012-01-01

    This chapter discusses a multilingual community of writers and intellectuals who gathered around the idea of a Central European culture in the 1980s, during the last decade of the Cold War. Czesław Miłosz, Danilo Kiš, Milan Kundera, György Konrád and others advocated the idea of a Central European

  15. Test methods for the evaluation of the in situ performance of water-repellent treatments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hees, R.P.J. van

    1996-01-01

    TNO (TNO Building and Construction Research, Delft) , IRPA-KIK (Royal Institute for the Cultural Ileritage, Brussels), and PDM (Politecnico Department of Structural Engineering, Milan) are involved in an EC research project 'Evaluation of the Performance of Surface Treatments for the Conservation of

  16. Reflected Blast Measurements at Small Scaled Distances for M26E1 Propellant

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-06-01

    produces a half- sine , positive pressure pulse with peak amplitudes from 100 psi (0.7 MPa) to more than 10,000 psi (70 MPa), and rise times of 1 to 2...Plant ATTN: SARMI-S Milan, TN 38358 Commander Radford Army Ammunition Plant ATTN: SARRA -IE (2) Radford, VA 24141 Commander Badger Army

  17. Instruments of Peace: The Viable and Strategic Role of Religious Leadership Factors in Averting War

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-04-01

    the Edict of Milan in 313 AD, the Emperor Constantine persuaded the church that preservation of the social order often requires force, and Christians...the state becomes obedient to the religious authority of the church, e.g., the institution of the Holy Roman Empire by Charlemagne in 800 in 800 AD

  18. The Application of Family Systems Theory to Mental Health Services for Southeast Asian Refugees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Patricia

    1992-01-01

    A demonstration project provided clinical training for direct provision of mental health services to Southeast Asian refugee families. A family systems approach integrating structural, strategic, life-cycle, and Milan systemic therapy proved helpful at three project levels: consultation with service agencies, professional training, and clinical…

  19. The anti-Manichaean theodicy of Augustine's De ordine

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-04-10

    Apr 10, 2013 ... Therese Fuhrer. Email: therese.fuhrer@fu-berlin.de. Postal address: Institut für ... Milan, I have selected De ordine for my study for two reasons. Firstly, in this ..... reflections and to perceive the rule-governed character of the.

  20. Cognitive Disorders in Benign Childhood Epilepsy with Centrotemporal Spikes (BECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Intelligence and language functions were examined in 24 children (mean age 9 yrs; range 7-12 yrs with BECTS and compared with a group of 16 controls matched for age and schooling, in a study at the Instituto Nazionale Neurologico, Milan, Italy.

  1. Cardan [Cardano; Cardanus], Jerome [Geronimo; Hieronymus; Girolamo] (1501-76)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Lawyer, mathematician and physician, born in Pavia, Milan, Italy. Lived a life of family and professional drama worthy of a novel and fully documented in an autobiography. Became professor of mathematics at Padua, and of medicine at Pavia and Bologna. Prolific author (200 works) of which his greatest work was Ars Magna (1545, Great Art) which gave the first algebraic solution of cubic equations. ...

  2. 快讯

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    01Museum of Contemporary Art in MilanDesigned by Daniel Libersklnd里伯斯金设计米兰当代艺术博物馆由著名建筑师丹尼尔里伯斯金设计的米兰当代艺术博物馆方案获批。

  3. Bruno Munari and the invention of modern graphic design in Italy, 1928-1945

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Colizzi, Alessandro

    2011-01-01

    This study examines Bruno Munari’s work as a graphic designer from the late 1920s to mid-1940s, with the aim of understanding the emergence and characteristics of the modernist trend in Italian graphic design. Taking shape in Milan, an original ‘design culture’ eclectically brought together two quit

  4. Bonding Geometry and Bonding Character of Thiocyanate Adsorbed on A Ag(100)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-03-07

    Research Center. This work has been supported, in part, by the office of Naval Research. - 17- Permanent address: Dipartimento di Chimica Inorganica e...Metallorganica, University of Milan, via Venezian 2t, 20133 Milano, Italy +Permanent address: Departament Quimica Fisica, Facultat de Quimica

  5. Unusta, säilita, mäleta : kunstnikud materialiseerivad mälu / Laura Põld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põld, Laura, 1984-

    2015-01-01

    Rahvusvaheline näitus "Tracing the Memory" Vaal galeriis 17. detsembrist 2014 kuni 17. jaanuarini 2015, kuraatorid Annika Toots ja Slavomira Ondrušová. Eksponeeriti Daniela Krajčová, Jan Nálevka, Katarina Poliačiková, Laura Tootsi ja Milan Vagač'i installatsioone. Kunstnike eluloolisi andmeid

  6. Funding fears spark Italian protests

    CERN Multimedia

    Abbott, A

    2001-01-01

    150 Italian scientists took part in a symbolic funeral in Milan for Italian research. Scientists are worried that the new government will reduce support for basic research. Rumours that budgets will be cut are being confirmed and last week the government rejected the 3-year plan of the National Research Council, which had proposed an expansion of staff (1/2 page).

  7. Human Neuron Cultures: Micropatterning Facilitates the Long-Term Growth and Analysis of iPSC-Derived Individual Human Neurons and Neuronal Networks (Adv. Healthcare Mater. 15/2016).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burbulla, Lena F; Beaumont, Kristin G; Mrksich, Milan; Krainc, Dimitri

    2016-08-01

    Dimitri Krainc, Milan Mrksich, and co-workers demonstrate the utility of microcontact printing technology for culturing of human neurons in defined patterns over extended periods of time on page 1894. This approach facilitates studies of neuronal development, cellular trafficking, and related mechanisms that require assessment of individual neurons and neuronal networks.

  8. Migration and Literature

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frank, Søren

    We live in an age of migration and more and more authors have migrant backgrounds. Migration and Literature offers a thorough and thought provoking examination of the thematic and formal role of migration in four contemporary and canonized novelists, Günter Grass, Milan Kundera, Salman Rushdie...

  9. 5-grass pollen tablets achieve disease control in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis unresponsive to drugs: a real-life study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pastorello EA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Elide Anna Pastorello,1 Laura Losappio,1 Stefania Milani,2 Giuseppina Manzotti,3 Valentina Fanelli,4 Valerio Pravettoni,5 Fabio Agostinis,6 Alberto Flores D’Arcais,7 Ilaria Dell'Albani,8 Paola Puccinelli,9 Cristoforo Incorvaia,10 Franco Frati81Allergy and Immunology Department, Niguarda Hospital, Milan, 2Allergy Department, San Marco General Hospital, Bergamo, 3Allergy Department, Treviglio Hospital, Bergamo, 4Allergy Department, Italian Institute for Auxology, Milan, 5Clinical Allergy and Immunology Unit, Foundation IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, 6Department of Pediatrics, Riuniti Hospital, Bergamo, 7Department of Pediatrics, Legnano Hospital, Milan, 8Medical and Scientific Department, Stallergenes Italy, Milan, 9Regulatory Department, Stallergenes Italy, Milan, 10Allergy/Pulmonary Rehabilitation, ICP Hospital, Milan, ItalyBackground: An important subpopulation in allergic rhinitis is represented by patients with severe form of disease that is not responsive to drug treatment. It has been reported that grass pollen subcutaneous immunotherapy is effective in drug-resistant patients. In a real-life study, we evaluated the efficacy of 5-grass pollen tablets in patients with grass pollen-induced allergic rhinitis not responsive to drug therapy.Methods: We carried out this multicenter observational study in adults and adolescents with grass-induced allergic rhinitis not responsive to drug therapy who were treated for a year with 5-grass pollen tablets. Clinical data collected before and after sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT included Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA classification of allergic rhinitis, response to therapy, and patient satisfaction.Results: Forty-seven patients entered the study. By ARIA classification, three patients had moderate to severe intermittent allergic rhinitis, ten had mild persistent allergic rhinitis, and 34 had moderate to severe persistent allergic rhinitis. There were no cases

  10. Gaetano Pieraccini: Public Health giant who created Italian Social Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Bucci

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available It’s well known all over the world that Italy is the birthplace of Bernardino Ramazzini  (1633 - 1714, the real founder of occupational medicine, and that Italian doctors had a great importance in scientific and cultural development in occupational medicine. One of the most celebrated of them was Luigi Devoto, Professor of Medical Pathology at Pavia in 1901, who undertook a free course of Occupational medicine, creating in the same year the fortnightly journal "Work" - that became "Occupational medicine" since 1925 - and opening a Labour Clinic in Milan in 1910. In 1907 the first two Italian schools of occupational medicine arose in Milan and in Naples. In 1901 Giulio Yule Giglioli wrote the first systematic treatise about workers’ diseases. In this cultural background Gaetano Pieraccini grew and developed his original cultural approach to the field of occupational medicine, which got from him a new dimension: the Social Medicine.

  11. Peritoneal Recurrence of Initially Controlled Hepatocellular Carcinoma after Living Donor Liver Transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nariman Sadykov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that the presence of end-stage liver disease increases the risk of developing hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC. Liver transplantation (LT for patients within the Milan criteria has become a standard treatment for HCC in most developed centers worldwide. However, a major cause of death in cirrhotic patients with HCC after transplantation is tumor recurrence, including peritoneal recurrences, which develops rarely but presents a significant problem with regard to their management. Our experience includes two cases with HCC within the Milan criteria of peritoneal recurrences after living donor LT. Both patients had interventions for HCC in their medical history before LT, and we propose that these might have been a possible cause of the HCC peritoneal recurrence.

  12. [1894-1906: new ideas and practice against industrial accidents in Italy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porro, A; Franchini, A F; Lorusso, L; Falconi, B

    2010-01-01

    In October 1894 was held in Milan the III Congrés International des Accidents du Travail et des Assurances Sociales. 747 delegates participated, coming from 16 nations. In this Congress the theme of a special medical assistance in the industrial accidents was approached for the first time in Italy. In March, 1895 also the Milanese trade union office dealt him with the matter, organizing a specific congress. The trade union movement realized the necessity to approach the problem of industrial accidents. 170 delegates participated to the Congress. The 1895 Congress also represented the occasion for the dawning feminist movement to come into contact with the working class. In 1896 the Association for the Medical Assistance in the Industrial Accidents in Milan was founded. The Association started up a clinical institute. At the end of the XIXth century, with prevention and therapeutic interventions the problem of industrial accidents was faced.

  13. Optimisation of the usage of LHC and local computing resources in a multidisciplinary physics department hosting a WLCG Tier-2 centre

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barberis, Stefano; Carminati, Leonardo; Leveraro, Franco; Mazza, Simone Michele; Perini, Laura; Perlz, Francesco; Rebatto, David; Tura, Ruggero; Vaccarossa, Luca; Villaplana, Miguel

    2015-12-01

    We present the approach of the University of Milan Physics Department and the local unit of INFN to allow and encourage the sharing among different research areas of computing, storage and networking resources (the largest ones being those composing the Milan WLCG Tier-2 centre and tailored to the needs of the ATLAS experiment). Computing resources are organised as independent HTCondor pools, with a global master in charge of monitoring them and optimising their usage. The configuration has to provide satisfactory throughput for both serial and parallel (multicore, MPI) jobs. A combination of local, remote and cloud storage options are available. The experience of users from different research areas operating on this shared infrastructure is discussed. The promising direction of improving scientific computing throughput by federating access to distributed computing and storage also seems to fit very well with the objectives listed in the European Horizon 2020 framework for research and development.

  14. Le carte del monastero di S. Maria di Chiaravalle milanese. Additiones documentarie (secolo XII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina Piva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Founded in 1135 in the immediate outskirts of Milan, Cistercian monastery of S. Maria di Chiaravalle was one of the most important ecclesiastical institutions in Lombardy. Since its foundation, it has played a prominent role in the political, religious, social and economic life of the city. In the Middle Ages the abbey distinguished itself with intensive production and preservation of documents, exemplified nowadays by the several hundreds of charterse preserved in the Archivio di Stato of Milan. This research aims to complete the organic reconstruction work, recently carried out by Anna Maria Rapetti and Ada Grossi regarding the XII century tabularium of Chiaravalle, with the critical edition of 28 unreleased documents dated between 1106 and 1164. In the introduction, in addition to the presentation of the documents, a paragraph will outline the historiographical balance of the studies conducted so far on the abbey.

  15. Study of sulphation of Candoglia marble by means of micro X-ray diffraction experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedrazzani, R.; Alessandri, I.; Bontempi, E.; Cappitelli, F.; Cianci, M.; Pantos, E.; Toniolo, L.; Depero, L. E.

    2006-06-01

    This research is aimed at assessing the particular kind of damage caused by the interaction between atmospheric pollution and the marble surface of a magnificent late gothic church, Milan Cathedral, restored in the early 1970s. On the basis of visual inspections and diagnostic investigations the facade appears to be seriously damaged by surface erosion and thick black crusts; biological crusts, micro-fractures and detachments are widely present. This paper reports on SR-μXRD data collected at the Synchrotron Radiation Source (SRS), Daresbury Laboratory, and at the European Synchrotron Radiation Source (ESRF) from selected samples, covered with black crusts, originating from the Milan Cathedral facade. Mineralogical maps of the deterioration layers have been recorded by two spatial resolutions (5-100 μm), from the bulk of the stone material to the outer layer of the black surface. These maps help in elucidating the mechanism of formation of the black crusts.

  16. Open source clinical portals: a model for healthcare information systems to support care processes and feed clinical research. An Italian case of design, development, reuse, and exploitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locatelli, Paolo; Baj, Emanuele; Restifo, Nicola; Origgi, Gianni; Bragagia, Silvia

    2011-01-01

    Open source is a still unexploited chance for healthcare organizations and technology providers to answer to a growing demand for innovation and to join economical benefits with a new way of managing hospital information systems. This chapter will present the case of the web enterprise clinical portal developed in Italy by Niguarda Hospital in Milan with the support of Fondazione Politecnico di Milano, to enable a paperless environment for clinical and administrative activities in the ward. This represents also one rare case of open source technology and reuse in the healthcare sector, as the system's porting is now taking place at Besta Neurological Institute in Milan. This institute is customizing the portal to feed researchers with structured clinical data collected in its portal's patient records, so that they can be analyzed, e.g., through business intelligence tools. Both organizational and clinical advantages are investigated, from process monitoring, to semantic data structuring, to recognition of common patterns in care processes.

  17. Effect of indacaterol on lung deflation improves cardiac performance in hyperinflated COPD patients: an interventional, randomized, double-blind clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santus P

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Pierachille Santus,1,2 Dejan Radovanovic,1,2 Silvia Di Marco,3 Vincenzo Valenti,4,5 Rita Raccanelli,1,2 Francesco Blasi,6,7 Stefano Centanni,8,9 Maurizio Bussotti31Department of Health Sciences, University of Milan, 2Pulmonary Rehabilitation Unit, Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri Scientific Institute of Milan-IRCCS, 3Cardiological Rehabilitation Unit, Fondazione Salvatore Maugeri Rehabilitation Institute of Milan-IRCCS, 4Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, 5Respiratory Unit, Policlinico San Donato-IRCCS, San Donato Milanese, 6Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan, 7IRCCS Fondazione Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico Cà Granda Milan, 8Department of Health Sciences, University of Milan, 9Respiratory Unit, Ospedale San Paolo, Milan, ItalyBackground: COPD is often associated with cardiovascular comorbidity. Treatment guidelines recommend therapy with bronchodilators as first choice. We investigated the acute effect of single-dose indacaterol on lung hyperinflation in COPD subjects, for the first time evaluating the potential effects on right heart performance.Methods: In this Phase IV, randomized, interventional, double-blind, crossover clinical study, we recruited 40 patients (50–85 years of age with stable COPD. Patients were treated with 150 µg indacaterol or placebo and after 60 minutes (T60 and 180 minutes (T180 the following tests were performed: trans-thoracic echocardiography (TTE, plethysmography, diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide, saturation of peripheral oxygen, and visual analog scale dyspnea score. Patients underwent a crossover re-challenge after a further 72 hours of pharmacological washout. All TTE measurements were conducted blindly by the same operator and further interpreted by two different blinded operators. Consensus decisions were taken on every value and parameter. The primary outcome was the effect of the reduction of residual volume and functional

  18. Mr. Eduard Zeman, Minister of Education, Youth and Sport, Czech Republic

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    Mr Eduard Zeman (third from left), Minister of Education, Youth and Sport, Czech Republic, visiting CERN's permanent exhibition, Microcosm, with (from left to right) Dr Rupert Leitner, ATLAS Tile Calorimetry Project Leader; Mr P. Cink, Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport; Dr Ivan Lehraus, Committee for Collaboration of the Czech Republic with CERN; and H.E. Mr Milan Hovorka, Ambassador, permanent representative of the Czech Republic to the United Nations in Geneva.

  19. Israel’s Blockade of Gaza, the Mavi Marmara Incident, and Its Aftermath

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-23

    constructively to “legitimate” international criticism and to lift the blockade.23 German Chancellor Angela Merkel expressed her “deep concern” to both...British PM Tells Netanyahu Israeli Raid on Ship was ‘Unacceptable’,” Agence France Presse, June 1, 2010. 24 “ Merkel tells Israeli, Turkish Leaders of... Interview by Francesco Battistini, “The Only Mistake Lay in Underestimating the Pacifists,” Milan Corriere della Sera, June 9, 2010, Open Source Center

  20. European Science Notes Information Bulletin (ESNIB) Reports on Current European/Middle Eastern Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-11-01

    arrangement fluence of inhomogeneous broadening on bistability in a was most successful. molecular gas laser containing a saturable absorber. A The...furnished by the activity Tecnica Leonardo da Vinci in Milan, identified by the abbreviations for that of- Italy. The forum is held annually and had...scattering novel approaches to double layer mod- Microelectronics from rough surfaces, including ex- eling on a molecular basis; useful at- perimental and

  1. Field Portable GC-MS Unit for Semi-Volatile Compound Analysis in Groundwater

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    indicated the presence of explosives and heavy metals . MAAP is shown in Figure 8. The monitoring well locations (Figure 8) for the M-Line are...primary mission of the 6062-ha (14,974-acre) plant was to load, assemble, and package ammunition items, manufacture ammunition metal parts, and provide...Environment Mass Spectrometry (HEMS) Conference, September 2007, Cocoa Beach, FL. USEPA. 1998. USEPA Superfund Record of Decision, Milan Army

  2. Improvements in Diagnostic Accuracy with Quantitative Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    2013. Poster presentations M Medved, A Oto , X Fan, FD Pineda, RZ Szmulewitz, GS Karczmar. "Differences in Ktrans and ve parameters of gluteal and...Chicago, IL, December 1-6, 2013. M Medved, A Oto , X Fan, FD Pineda, GS Karczmar, RZ Szmulewitz. "Effect of cabozantinib on Ktrans and ve values in...castration-resistant prostate cancer", presented at the Joint Annual Meeting ISMRM-ESMRMB, Milan, Italy, May 10-16, 2014. M. Medved, A. Oto , X. Fan

  3. A cost–utility analysis of etanercept for the treatment of moderate-to-severe psoriasis in Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Colombo, Giorgio

    2009-01-01

    Giorgio L Colombo1, Sergio Di Matteo2, Ketty Peris3, Maria Concetta Fargnoli3, Maria Esposito4, Annamaria Mazzotta4, Sergio Chimenti41Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; 2S.A.V.E. Studi Analisi Valutazioni Economiche, Milan, Italy; 3Department of Dermatology, University of L’Aquila, L’Aquila, Italy; 4Department of Dermatology, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, ItalyIntroduction: Biologic therapies have proven efficacious for patients with moderate-t...

  4. Biocompatible and Bioeliminable Hydrophilic Polymers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Paolo; FerrutiUniversità

    2007-01-01

    1 Introduction This presentation will report on some recent results obtained in Milan on two polymer families of biomedical interest, namely poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone) and polyamidoamines. 2 Results and DiscussionPoly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone) (PVP) is a well known bioactive and biocompatible polymer. In its soluble form, it is largely used as excipient of oral pharmaceutical formulations, especially for its high water solubilising power.In its crosslinked form, it plays a relevant role as biomateria...

  5. Carlo Cercignani's Interests for the Foundations of Physics

    CERN Document Server

    Galgani, Luigi

    2012-01-01

    Carlo Cercignani was known all over the world for his works on the Boltzmann equation and on kinetic theory. There was however another aspect of his scientific life, which is not much known. Namely, his interest for the foundations of physics, in particular for the possibility of understanding quantum mechanics through classical mechanics, which he shared with several people in Milan. A review of such researches is given here, together with some personal recollections of him.

  6. The Generalized Empirical Interpolation Method: Stability Theory on Hilbert Spaces with an Application to the Stokes Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-19

    treatment of nonaffine and nonlinear partial differential equations ., ESAIM, Math. Model. Numer. Anal. 41(3) (2007) 575–605. [8] Y. Maday, N. Nguyen, A...and Numerics of Partial Differential Equations , Vol. 4 of Springer INdAM Series, Springer Milan, 2013, pp. 221–235. [2] M. Barrault, Y. Maday, N...Nguyen, A. Patera, An empirical interpolation method: Application to efficient reduced-basis discretization of partial differential equations ., C. R

  7. Guidelines for Descriptive Cataloging of Reports: A Revision of COSATI Standard for Descriptive Cataloging of Government Scientific and Technical Reports

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    di Milano, Italia . Milan Univ. (Italy). When the name forms an integral part of the heading, retain the native form. APPEARS AS: ENTER AS...Politecnico di Milano, Italia . Politecnico di Milano (Italy). 2.3.4.e If the name of the university begins with the foreign equivalent of "University of...New York. x Museum, New York. *: Museo Nacional de Historia Natural, Montevideo (Uruguay). x Museum, Montevideo (Uruguay). x Museum of Natural History

  8. Mozart i śpiewacy: ograniczenie czy inspiracja?

    OpenAIRE

    Brandenburg, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    Stefan Kunze called the time before Mozart settled in Vienna the years of migration and study. Daniel Brandenburg in his article shows that in reference to the operas composed by young Mozart for Milan (Mitridate re di Ponto, 1770, Lucio Silla, 1772) and Munich (Idomeneo re di Creta, 1781), the process of education meant also mastering the Italian singing conventions. Composing for singers appears to be an inspirational task, although it was limited in various ways. That double effect is reco...

  9. War, Disillusionment and Courage—A Brief Analysis of In Another Country

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔燕

    2012-01-01

      This short essay gives a general introduction and analysis of one of Hemingway’s short stories—In Another Country. By depicting the physically injured soldiers in a hospital in Milan because of the war, the story shows the damaging psychological and physical effects of World War I, which will never been recovered. It also examines people’s disillusionment of old faiths and views of the world, and their courage to face the tragedy and reality.

  10. Tropospheric vertical column densities of NO2 over managed dryland ecosystems (Xinjiang, China): MAX-DOAS measurements vs. 3-D dispersion model simulations based on laboratory-derived NO emission from soil samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamtimin, B.; Behrendt, T.; Badawy, M. M.; Wagner, T.; Qi, Y.; Wu, Z.; Meixner, F. X.

    2015-01-01

    We report on MAX-DOAS observations of NO2 over an oasis-ecotone-desert ecosystem in NW China. There, local ambient NO2 concentrations originate from enhanced biogenic NO emission of intensively managed soils. Our target oasis "Milan" is located at the southern edge of the Taklimakan desert, very remote and well isolated from other potential anthropogenic and biogenic NOx sources. Four observation sites for MAX-DOAS measurements were selected, at the oasis centre, downwind and upwind of the oasis, and in the desert. Biogenic NO emissions in terms of (i) soil moisture and (ii) soil temperature of Milan oasis (iii) different land-cover type sub-units (cotton, Jujube trees, cotton/Jujube mixture, desert) were quantified by laboratory incubation of corresponding soil samples. Net potential NO fluxes were up-scaled to oasis scale by areal distribution and classification of land-cover types derived from satellite images using GIS techniques. A Lagrangian dispersion model (LASAT, Lagrangian Simulation of Aerosol Transport) was used to calculate the dispersion of soil emitted NO into the atmospheric boundary layer over Milan oasis. Three-dimensional (3-D) NO concentrations (30 m horizontal resolution) have been converted to 3-D NO2 concentrations, assuming photostationary state conditions. NO2 column densities were simulated by suitable vertical integration of modelled 3-D NO2 concentrations at those downwind and upwind locations, where the MAX-DOAS measurements were performed. Downwind-upwind differences (a direct measure of Milan oasis' contribution to the areal increase of ambient NO2 concentration) of measured and simulated slant (as well as vertical) NO2 column densities show excellent agreement. This agreement is considered as the first successful attempt to prove the validity of the chosen approach to up-scale laboratory-derived biogenic NO fluxes to ecosystem field conditions, i.e. from the spatial scale of a soil sample (cm2) to the size of an entire agricultural

  11. Tropospheric vertical column densities of NO2 over managed dryland ecosystems (Xinjiang, China): MAX-DOAS measurements vs. 3-D dispersion model simulations based on laboratory derived NO emission from soil samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamtimin, B.; Behrendt, T.; Badawy, M. M.; Wagner, T.; Qi, Y.; Wu, Z.; Meixner, F. X.

    2014-07-01

    We report on MAX-DOAS observations of NO2 over an oasis-ecotone-desert ecosystem in NW-China. There, local ambient NO2 concentrations originate from enhanced biogenic NO emission of intensively managed soils. Our target oasis "Milan" is located at the southern edge of the Taklimakan desert, very remote and well isolated from other potential anthropogenic and biogenic NOx sources. Four observation sites for MAX-DOAS measurements were selected, at the oasis center, downwind and upwind of the oasis, and in the desert. Biogenic NO emissions in terms of (i) soil moisture and (ii) soil temperature of Milan oasis' (iii) different land-cover type sub-units (cotton, Jujube trees, cotton/Jujube mixture, desert) were quantified by laboratory incubation of corresponding soil samples. Net potential NO fluxes were up-scaled to oasis scale by areal distribution and classification of land-cover types derived from satellite images using GIS techniques. A Lagrangian dispersion model (LASAT, Lagrangian Simulation of Aerosol-Transport) was used to calculate the dispersion of soil emitted NO into the atmospheric boundary layer over Milan oasis. Three dimensional NO concentrations (30 m horizontal resolution) have been converted to 3-D NO2 concentrations, assuming photostationary state conditions. NO2 column densities were simulated by suitable vertical integration of modeled 3-D NO2 concentrations at those downwind and upwind locations, where the MAX-DOAS measurements were performed. Downwind-upwind differences (a direct measure of Milan oasis' contribution to the areal increase of ambient NO2 concentration) of measured and simulated slant (as well as vertical) NO2 column densities show excellent agreement. This agreement is considered as the first successful attempt to prove the validity of the chosen approach to up-scale laboratory derived biogenic NO fluxes to ecosystem field conditions, i.e. from the spatial scale of a soil sample (cm2) to the size of an entire agricultural

  12. REVISIÓN Y CONSIDERACIÓN DE UNA PRAXIS DEDICADA A OPTIMIZAR LA CALIDAD DE VIDA, CON EL USO DEL DISEÑO COMO CATALIZADOR DE LA INNOVACIÓN SOCIAL (2010-2015). ESTUDIOS DE CASOS.

    OpenAIRE

    Esteve Sendra, María Consuelo

    2016-01-01

    [EN] This research has its starting point in the environmental problems of the planet, to establish new paradigms that improve the quality of life in today's society, providing a contribution by the use of design. The case studies of the 2010 Shanghai Expo and the 2015 Milan Expo will be examined, along with two summer workshops conducted at the College of Design and Innovation at Tongji University (China) in 2012 and 2014, to determine how design plays a major role in social innovation. ...

  13. Bruno Munari and the invention of modern graphic design in Italy, 1928-1945

    OpenAIRE

    Colizzi, Alessandro

    2011-01-01

    This study examines Bruno Munari’s work as a graphic designer from the late 1920s to mid-1940s, with the aim of understanding the emergence and characteristics of the modernist trend in Italian graphic design. Taking shape in Milan, an original ‘design culture’ eclectically brought together two quite different strains of Modernity: a local tradition represented by the Futurist avant-garde, and a European tradition associated with Constructivism. Munari (1907–1998) worked simultaneously as pai...

  14. SENAI Design Futures: An Innovation in Services

    OpenAIRE

    Tatiana Farah de Mello Cauville; Cristina de Castro Lucas Souza; Eda Castro Lucas

    2015-01-01

    This article aims to present the successful case of innovation in services promoted by the Project: SENAI Design Futures, an international project, developed by Consorzio Del Politecnico di Milano (POLI.Design), from Milan, Italy and the National Service for Vocational Training (SENAI), in Brazil. It is based on the assumption that international technology transfer has a positive impact on the innovation process. Considering there is still room for more studies describing the rela...

  15. 世界家具业展望研讨会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管宁

    2009-01-01

    意大利:意大利经济研究和战略咨询公司Centre for Industrial Studies(CSIL)在今年4月米兰国际家具交易会(Milan International Furniture Fair)期间举行其第9次世界家具业展望研讨会(World Furniture Outlook Workshop 2009)。

  16. Need for an Ecological Index

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohan Wickramasinghe

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The article was published in the Sri Lankan newspaper 'The Island' on the 30th November 2005 after the World Environmental Education Congress (WEEC held in Milan. Author hopes it could provide a base for a project for senior school children or more senior students to devise an Ecological Index and ‘If nothing else, it could help them in thinking out the issues involved!’ Author supposes that could be a form of environmental education.

  17. Hodnocení vybraných léčiv pomocí HPLC se spektrometrickou detekcí

    OpenAIRE

    Dittrichová, Kateřina

    2013-01-01

    Charles University in Prague Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Drug Analysis Student: Kateřina Dittrichová Supervisor: RNDr. Milan Mokrý, CSc. Consultant: Ing. Lubomír Galla Title of master's thesis: Evaluation of selected pharmaceuticals by HPLC with spectrophotometric detection A liquid-chromatographic method was developed for the simultaneous determination of dexpanthenol, phenoxyethanol, and preservatives (methyl-, ethyl-, propyl-, isobutyl-,...

  18. What are judgment skills in health literacy? A psycho-cognitive perspective of judgment and decision-making research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riva S

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Silvia Riva,1 Alessandro Antonietti,2 Paola Iannello,2 Gabriella Pravettoni1–3 1Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; 2Department of Psychology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, Italy; 3Applied Research Division for Cognitive and Psychological Science, European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy Objective: The aim of this review is to summarize current research relating to psychological processes involved in judgment and decision-making (JDM and identify which processes can be incorporated and used in the construct of health literacy (HL in order to enrich its conceptualization and to provide more information about people’s preferences.Methods: The literature review was aimed at identifying comprehensive research in the field; therefore appropriate databases were searched for English language articles dated from 1998 to 2015. Results: Several psychological processes have been found to be constituents of JDM and potentially incorporated in the definition of HL: cognition, self-regulation, emotion, reasoning-thinking, and social perception. Conclusion: HL research can benefit from this JDM literature overview, first, by elaborating on the idea that judgment is multidimensional and constituted by several specific processes, and second, by using the results to implement the definition of “judgment skills”. Moreover, this review can favor the development of new instruments that can measure HL. Practical implications: Future researchers in HL should work together with researchers in psychological sciences not only to investigate the processes behind JDM in-depth but also to create effective opportunities to improve HL in all patients, to promote good decisions, and orient patients’ preferences in all health contexts. Keywords: health literacy, judgment, decision-making, psychological processes, skills, cognitive factors

  19. The role of health technology assessment bodies in shaping drug development

    OpenAIRE

    Ciani O; Jommi C

    2014-01-01

    Oriana Ciani,1,3 Claudio Jommi1,2 1Centre for Research on Health and Social Care Management (CERGAS), Bocconi University, Milan, Italy; 2Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy; 3University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, UK Abstract: The use of health technology assessment (HTA) to inform policy-making is established in most developed countries. Compared to licensing agencies, HTA agencies have different interests and, t...

  20. Risk factors for adenocarcinoma of the cervix: a case-control study.

    OpenAIRE

    Parazzini, F; La Vecchia, C.; Negri, E; FASOLI, M.; Cecchetti, G.

    1988-01-01

    To assess risk factors for cervical adenocarcinoma data were collected in a case-control study of 39 cases and 409 controls conducted in the greater Milan area. Questions were asked about personal characteristics and habits, gynaecologic and obstetric data, history of lifetime use of oral contraceptives and other female hormones, and general indicators of sexual habits (age at first intercourse and total number of sexual partners). The relative risk of cervical adenocarcinoma increased with n...

  1. Current therapeutic approaches for plantar fasciitis

    OpenAIRE

    Martinelli N; Bonifacini C; Romeo G

    2014-01-01

    Nicolò Martinelli, Carlo Bonifacini, Giovanni RomeoDepartment of Ankle and Foot Surgery, IRCCS Galeazzi Orthopaedic Institute, Milan, ItalyAbstract: Almost 1 million Americans are affected by plantar fasciitis (PF), which is the commonest cause of chronic heel pain. This condition is often managed conservatively, and many rehabilitation protocols, some with the aid of orthoses, have been adopted, with good-to-excellent clinical results. Although most cases of chronic PF can be succ...

  2. The Balletto suites in the choreographic manuals of Fabritio Caroso and Cesare Negri: a study of danced suites in Italy during the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries

    OpenAIRE

    Monahin, Nona

    2016-01-01

    This study focuses on the danced suites described in the manuals of two prominent sixteenth-century Italian dancing masters, Fabritio Caroso and Cesare Negri. Caroso produced two manuals: Il Ballarino (Venice, 1581) and La Nobiltà di Dame (Venice, 1600, 1605). Negri wrote one, Le Gratie d’Amore (Milan, 1602; reissued as Nuove Inventioni di balli in 1604). Together, these three dance manuals contain choreographic instructions and music for a total of one hundred and seventy-two compositions, s...

  3. Analýza vnějšího prostředí pro vybranou firmu

    OpenAIRE

    ONDOKOVÁ, Lucie

    2012-01-01

    The aim of my bachelor thesis was to appreciate the current situation and market position of the building company Milan Hodboď through analysis of external environment.For analyse of external environment I used STEP analyse and Porter´s model of five powers. STEP analyse detects effects from macroenvironment (social and cultural, technical and technological, economic, political and legislative). Porter´s model five forces studies microenvironment (new competition, customers, suppliers, substi...

  4. Appearance of fetal pain could be associated with maturation of the mesodiencephalic structures

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Slobodan Sekulic,1 Ksenija Gebauer-Bukurov,1 Milan Cvijanovic,1 Aleksandar Kopitovic,1 Djordje Ilic,2 Djordje Petrovic,2 Ivan Capo,3 Ivana Pericin-Starcevic,4 Oliver Christ,5 Anastasia Topalidou6 1Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine Novi Sad, University of Novi Sad, 2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Novi Sad, University of Novi Sad, 3Department of Histology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine Novi Sad, University of Novi Sad, 4Department of Developmental ...

  5. Conference: “Space and Research: Which future for the coming generation” | 18 September | Uni Mail

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefania Pandolfi

    2015-01-01

      On Friday, 18 September, Luca Parmitano (Major in the Italian Air Force and European Space Agency astronaut), Guido Tonelli (CERN phycisist) and Amalia Ercoli Finzi (Emeritus Professor in the Aerospace department of the Polytechnic University of Milan and a Principal Investigator of the ESA Rosetta spacecraft) will present their visions of the future of research and space exploration. Free entrance. Limited number of seats - registration is essential, click here. For more information contact fc-italie@unige.ch.

  6. Phosphate control in dialysis

    OpenAIRE

    Cupisti A; Gallieni M; Rizzo MA; Caria S; Meola M; Bolasco P

    2013-01-01

    Adamasco Cupisti,1 Maurizio Gallieni,2 Maria Antonietta Rizzo,2 Stefania Caria,3 Mario Meola,4 Piergiorgio Bolasco31Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy; 2Nephrology and Dialysis Unit, San Carlo Borromeo Hospital, Milan, Italy; 3Territorial Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, ASL Cagliari, Italy; 4Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, University of Pisa, Pisa, ItalyAbstract: Prevention and correction of hyperphosphatemia is a major goal ...

  7. 3cixty: Building comprehensive knowledge bases for city exploration

    OpenAIRE

    Troncy, Raphaël; Rizzo, Giuseppe; Jameson, Anthony; Corcho, Oscar; Plu, Julien; Palumbo, Enrico; Ballesteros Hermida, Juan Carlos; Spirescu, Adrian; Kuhn, Kai-Dominik; Barbu, Catalin; Rossi, Matteo; Celino, Irene; Agarwal, Rachit; Scanu, Christian; Valla, Massimo

    2017-01-01

    International audience; Planning a visit to Expo Milano 2015 or simply touring in Milan are activities that require a certain amount of a priori knowledge of the city. In this paper, we present the process of building such comprehensive knowledge bases that contain descriptions of events and activities, places and sights, transportation facilities as well as social activities, collected from numerous static, near-and real-time local and global data providers, including hyper local sources suc...

  8. L.O.T.O. - Landscape Opportunities For Territorial Organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Rossi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The European Union promoted the transnational cooperation project L.O.T.O. (Landscape Opportunities for Territorial Organization by the program Interreg IIIB CADSES. The project gave up the illustration of some outputs in the seminar Landscape opportunities. Guidelines for the landscape management of the territorial transformations (Milan, 2005, October 6th-7th. This paper is a summary of introduction at the project. The attaches are the original reports of the end seminar. 

  9. European Science Notes Information Bulletin (ESNIB) Reports on Current European/Middle Eastern Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-04-01

    Contracts from ESA. Tecnos - SESA to Produce Control Systems for Ariane 5 En- pazio, an Italian company, is working on many activities gnes. The Italian...34 project for the realization of an expert system for automatic interpretation of images. Tecnos - Italian National Program for Advanced Materials. pazio...years. In Milan, the infectious updated manual of operations and behavior for physi- disease hospital ’Sacco," stopped the admitting AIDS- cians and

  10. Latin America Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    close four of its offices abroad: in Tokio , Abidjan, Hamburg, and Milan. This will save the IBC $5 million annually. [Text] [Sao Paulo Radio...of attraction is not Varadero, but our capital, Havana; the city has a dual potential in comparison with the blue -watered beach. If we stop and think...southern coast, near Santiago and Granma: the majestic mountains, with very typical little beaches at their feet, lapped by deep blue waters. These, we

  11. Immunological Prevention of Spontaneous Mammary Carcinoma in Transgenic Mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-08-01

    developed more slowly by transgenic FVB Anatomia Patologica, Ospedale S.S. Annunziata, Via Valignani, 66100 female mice carrying the wild-type proto...coopted (Pezzella et al., 1997). Anatomia Patologica. Ospedale SS. Annunziata, Via Valignani, 66100 Chieti, Italy. Fax: 39 0871 330471. E-mail: musiani...lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori, Milan, Italy; and Reprints: Piero Musiani, G. d’ Annunzio University of Chieti, Anatomia Department of Experimental

  12. Improve Environmental Management Systems by Auditing with Lean Six Sigma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-01

    to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Improve Environmental Management Systems by Auditing with Lean Six Sigma 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER...Systems by Auditing with Lean Six Sigma U.S. Army Joint Munitions Command (JMC) AMSJM-ISM 1 Rock Island Arsenal Rock Island, IL 61299 UNCLASSIFIED...Anniston MilanPine Bluff McAlester Hawthorne Tooele Production Sites Depot Distribution Sites Depot Archive Sites GOGO GOCO 3 UNCLASSIFIED Lean Six Sigma EMS

  13. Combination chemotherapy of solid tumors: an American-Italian collaboration: a celebration of the work of Gianni Bonadonna.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeVita, Vincent T; Canellos, George P

    2016-01-01

    This article highlights the important collaboration between the U.S. NCI in Bethesda, Maryland and the Istituto Tumori in Milan, Italy that had a major impact on the development of curative regimens for breast cancer, Hodgkin's disease and diffuse large B cell lymphoma.In addition to his contribution to developing new therapies, Gianni Bonadonna played an important role in bringing highly focused, disciplined, ethical clinical trials to the European continent.

  14. The Nexus among Terrorists, Narcotics Traffickers, Weapons Proliferators, and Organized Crime Networks in Western Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-12-01

    Zagreb], 18 August 2001 (FBIS Document EUP20010820000136). 30 Hassan Haidar Diab, “Panic in Slovenia Due to Possible Release of Josip Lončarić...38 Murray Kahl and Naji N. Najjar, “The Syrian Mafia Connection,” Lebanese Foundation for Peace report, 7 November 2001. <http...Internationale [Paris] report based on story in Corriere della Sera [Milan], 19 June 2002 (FBIS Document AFP20020619000123). Kahl, Murray, and Naji N

  15. Evaluation of bovine-derived lacteal complex supplementation on gene expression in BALB/c mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clerici M

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Mario Clerici1,2, Emmanuel Pauze3, Arienne de Jong3, Mara Biasin1, Larry E Miller41Department of Biomedical Sciences and Technology, University of Milan, Milan, Italy; 2Don C Gnocchi Foundation, IRCCS, Milan, Italy; 3Sprim Advanced Life Sciences, Milan, Italy; 4Sprim USA, San Francisco, CA, USAAbstract: We conducted an evaluation of gene expression associated with innate and adaptive immunity in a double-blind ex vivo mouse study using a bovine-derived dietary ingredient (Ai/E10®, Health Technology Resources, Inc., Scottsdale, AZ, USA. BALB/c female mice (5–6 weeks of age were fed chewy granola bars supplemented with (Test or without (Control Ai/E10 for 10 days. After the feeding period, the animals were sacrificed and spleen cells were isolated and incubated with lipopolysaccharide and phorbol myristate acetate-ionomycin. RNA was extracted and mRNA expression of 84 genes involved in innate and acquired immunity was determined with real-time PCR arrays. Numerous genes associated with innate and adaptive immunity were upregulated in the Test group when stimulated with mitogens. Significant upregulation was observed in 30% (25 of 84 of genes upon lipopolysaccharide stimulation and in 14% (12 of 84 of genes upon phorbol myristate acetate + ionomycin stimulation in the Test group relative to Controls. This study illustrates that Ai/E10 supplementation results in significant and specific upregulation of genes associated with innate and adaptive immunity in mice. Notably, this effect was observed only in stimulated cultures.Keywords: dietary supplementation, immunomodulation, mice

  16. Bruno Munari and the invention of modern graphic design in Italy, 1928-1945

    OpenAIRE

    Colizzi, Alessandro

    2011-01-01

    This study examines Bruno Munari’s work as a graphic designer from the late 1920s to mid-1940s, with the aim of understanding the emergence and characteristics of the modernist trend in Italian graphic design. Taking shape in Milan, an original ‘design culture’ eclectically brought together two quite different strains of Modernity: a local tradition represented by the Futurist avant-garde, and a European tradition associated with Constructivism. Munari (1907–1998) worked simultaneously as pai...

  17. Efficacy of trabectedin in advanced soft tissue sarcoma: beyond lipo- and leiomyosarcoma

    OpenAIRE

    De Sanctis R; Marrari A; Marchetti S; Mussi C; Balzarini L.; Lutman FR; Daolio P; Bastoni S; Bertuzzi AF; Quagliuolo V; Santoro A.

    2015-01-01

    Rita De Sanctis,1 Andrea Marrari,1 Silvia Marchetti,1 Chiara Mussi,2 Luca Balzarini,3 Fabio Romano Lutman,3 Primo Daolio,4 Stefano Bastoni,4 Alexia Francesca Bertuzzi,1,5 Vittorio Quagliuolo,2 Armando Santoro1 1Department of Medical Oncology and Haematology, 2Department of Surgical Oncology, 3Department of Radiology, Humanitas Cancer Center, IRCCS, Rozzano, 4Department of Surgical Oncology, Orthopaedic Institute “G. Pini”, Milan, Italy; 5Department of Medical Onc...

  18. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, Europe, Economic Competitiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-08-09

    Countries [C. Chartier ; Paris LE MONDE, 20 Jun 91] 38 Italian Companies Form Advanced Robotics Consortium [Milan ITALIA OGGI, 22 May 91] 38...can also involve a pooling of research programs or the establishment of common standards," said French Minister of Industry Roger Fauroux, during the...Countries 91WS0410C Paris LE MONDE in French 20 Jun 91 [Article by Christian Chartier : tries Invited to Join Eureka"] ’East European Coun- [Text] The

  19. JPRS Report, East Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    political prisoners were freed through previous edicts . About 30 in all were in prison under the first chapter of the Criminal Code—for crimes...my personal suggestion the president issued an edict and pardoned some of them. After our commission began working, its first job was to become...8217 Knazko on Slovak Politics, Future 91CH0686A Prague LIDOVE NOVINY in Czech 6 Jun 91 p 11 [Interview with Milan Knazko by Petar Husak and Stefan Hrib

  20. State Capacity and Resistance in Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-01

    22 See for example: Bhabani Sen Gupta, Afghanistan: Politics, Economics and Society. (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1986); Milan ...shura who oversaw the government’s administration and the local foot soldiers who implemented the Taliban’s harsh edicts to offer a form of local...extensive intelligence and patronage networks as a means of both keeping informed, but in also promulgating edicts that sought to direct the totality of

  1. Easy quantitative methodology to assess visual-motor skills

    OpenAIRE

    Chiappedi M; Toraldo A; Mandrini S; Scarpina F; Aquino M; Magnani FG; Bejor M

    2013-01-01

    Matteo Chiappedi,1 Alessio Toraldo,2 Silvia Mandrini,3 Federica Scarpina,2 Melissa Aquino,2 Francesca Giulia Magnani,2 Maurizio Bejor31Don Carlo Gnocchi ONLUS Foundation, Milan, Italy; 2University of Pavia, Department of Psychology, Pavia, Italy; 3University of Pavia, Department of Surgical, Resuscitative, Rehabilitative and Transplant Sciences, Pavia, ItalyIntroduction: Visual-motor skills are the basis for a great number of daily activities. To define a correct rehabilitation program for ne...

  2. Smoking in Italy in 2015-2016: Prevalence, trends, roll-your-own cigarettes and attitudes towards incoming regulations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Lugo

    2017-05-01

    The surveys were conducted with the contribution of the Italian Ministry of Health. This work was partially funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme (The TackSHS Project; grant agreement: 681040 and by the Italian Ministry of Health (MADES project, chapter 4100/22. The work of SG and AL was partially supported by the Italian League Against Cancer (Milan. The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

  3. Professor Dragutin M. Drazic - On the occasion of his 70th birthday

    OpenAIRE

    Aleksandar Despic

    2001-01-01

    Professor Dragutin Drazic was born on May 5, 1930, in Belgrade. His father, Milan Drazic, was a professor at the Faculty of Civil Engineering of the University of Belgrade, while his mother, Zorka, was also a civil engineer working for the City of Belgrade. These facts, as well as the entire intellectual entourage in the Professors Colony in Belgrade, predetermined his orientation to natural sciences and engineering. Thus, after finishing elementary school before WWII and secondary school by ...

  4. Critical Current in YBCO Coated Conductors in the Presence of a Macroscopic Defect (POSTPRINT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    AFRL-RZ-WP-TP-2010-2084 CRITICAL CURRENT IN YBCO COATED CONDUCTORS IN THE PRESENCE OF A MACROSCOPIC DEFECT (POSTPRINT) Milan Polak and...CRITICAL CURRENT IN YBCO COATED CONDUCTORS IN THE PRESENCE OF A MACROSCOPIC DEFECT (POSTPRINT) 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER In-house 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c...display, or disclose the work. 14. ABSTRACT We have studied the effects of localized defects in the YBCO coated conductors on the critical current. The

  5. Global music approach to persons with dementia: evidence and practice

    OpenAIRE

    Raglio A; Filippi S; Bellandi D; Stramba-Badiale M

    2014-01-01

    Alfredo Raglio,1,2 Stefania Filippi,2 Daniele Bellandi,3 Marco Stramba-Badiale4 1Department of Public Health, Experimental and Forensic Medicine, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy; 2APSP “Margherita Grazioli”, Povo, Trento, Italy; 3Geriatric Department, Sospiro Foundation, Sospiro, Cremona, Italy; 4Department of Geriatrics and Cardiovascular Medicine, IRCCS Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Milan, Italy Abstract: Music is an important resource for achieving psychological, co...

  6. Mozart i śpiewacy: ograniczenie czy inspiracja?

    OpenAIRE

    Brandenburg, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    Stefan Kunze called the time before Mozart settled in Vienna the years of migration and study. Daniel Brandenburg in his article shows that in reference to the operas composed by young Mozart for Milan (Mitridate re di Ponto, 1770, Lucio Silla, 1772) and Munich (Idomeneo re di Creta, 1781), the process of education meant also mastering the Italian singing conventions. Composing for singers appears to be an inspirational task, although it was limited in various ways. That double effect is reco...

  7. Diagnostic and therapeutic considerations in idiopathic hypereosinophilia with warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Sweidan AJ; Brys AK; Sohn DD; Sheth MR

    2015-01-01

    Alexander J Sweidan,1,2 Adam K Brys,3 David D Sohn,1,2 Milan R Sheth4 1University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA; 2Department of Internal Medicine, St Mary Medical Center, Long Beach, CA, USA; 3School of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA; 4Long Beach Memorial Hospital, Long Beach, CA, USA Abstract: Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) encompasses numerous diverse conditions resulting in peripheral hypereosinophilia that cannot be explained by hypersensitivity, infection...

  8. Persuasion and Gender: Experimental Evidence from Two Political Campaigns

    OpenAIRE

    Galasso, Vincenzo; Nannicini, Tommaso

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates the differential response of male and female voters to competitive persuasion in political campaigns. We implemented a survey experiment during the (mixed gender) electoral race for mayor in Milan (2011), and a field experiment during the (same gender) electoral race for mayor in Cava de' Tirreni (2015). In both cases, a sample of eligible voters was randomly divided into three groups. Two were exposed to either a positive or a negative campaign by one of the opponents...

  9. Pneumatic tools for vitreoretinal surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Romano MR; Vallejo-Garcia JL; Randazzo A; Vinciguerra P.

    2012-01-01

    Mario R Romano, Jose Luis Vallejo-Garcia, Alessandro Randazzo, Paolo VinciguerraIstituto Clinico Humanitas, Via Manzoni 56, 20089 Rozzano, Milan, ItalyAbstract: One of the difficulties of microsurgery is learning how to control physiological tremors. The pneumatic tool eliminates the physiological tremor, but no tactile feedback is provided. The manual tremor when closing the forceps is completely eliminated and the exact target can be more easily grabbed. Forceps closure pressure can rise up...

  10. nab-Paclitaxel plus gemcitabine for metastatic pancreatic cancer: a subgroup analysis of the Western European cohort of the MPACT trial

    OpenAIRE

    Tabernero, Josep; Kunzmann, Volker; Scheithauer, Werner; Reni, Michele; Li, Jack Shiansong; Ferrara, Stefano; Djazouli,Kamel

    2017-01-01

    Josep Tabernero,1 Volker Kunzmann,2 Werner Scheithauer,3 Michele Reni,4 Jack Shiansong Li,5 Stefano Ferrara,6 Kamel Djazouli7 1Medical Oncology Department, Vall d’Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain; 2Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik II, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany; 3Medizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Austria; 4San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy; 5Celgene Corporation, Summit, NJ, USA; 6Celgene Corporation, ...

  11. nab-Paclitaxel plus gemcitabine for metastatic pancreatic cancer: a subgroup analysis of the Western European cohort of the MPACT trial

    OpenAIRE

    Tabernero J; Kunzmann V; Scheithauer W; Reni M; Shiansong Li J; Ferrara S; Djazouli K

    2017-01-01

    Josep Tabernero,1 Volker Kunzmann,2 Werner Scheithauer,3 Michele Reni,4 Jack Shiansong Li,5 Stefano Ferrara,6 Kamel Djazouli7 1Medical Oncology Department, Vall d’Hebron University Hospital, Barcelona, Spain; 2Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik II, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany; 3Medizinische Universität Wien, Wien, Austria; 4San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy; 5Celgene Corporation, Summit, NJ, USA; 6Celgene Corporation, Boudry, Switzerland;...

  12. Clinical utility of lanreotide autogel® in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors

    OpenAIRE

    Paragliola RM; Prete A; Papi G; Torino F; Corsello A; Pontecorvi A; Corsello SM

    2016-01-01

    Rosa Maria Paragliola,1 Alessandro Prete,1 Giampaolo Papi,1 Francesco Torino,2 Andrea Corsello,3 Alfredo Pontecorvi,1 Salvatore Maria Corsello1 1Department of Medicine, Unit of Endocrinology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 2Department of Systems Medicine, Tor Vergata University, Rome, 3Department of General Medicine and Endocrine Tumor Unit, San Raffaele Scientific Institute, Milan, Italy Abstract: Somatostatin analogs (SSAs), which were initially used to control hormonal ...

  13. How Semat Can Change The Future of Software Engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-01

    Scrum dResults reported at 3r Semat Workshop in Milan Demonstrated One way to “represent” Scrum in Semat Structure Potential to aid in comparing...standardize wrong things Encourage new methodologies , but built on “common ground” 18 Learning curve expensive for all of us & frustrating to practitioner Why...organizations have trouble meeting schedules Summary: What Is Really Different About Semat? Semat will not produce a methodology , nor will it

  14. Alcohol and cocaine co-consumption in two European cities assessed by wastewater analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Álvarez, Tania; Racamonde, Inés; González-Mariño, Iria; Borsotti, Andrea; Rodil, Rosario; Rodríguez, Isaac; Zuccato, Ettore; Quintana, José Benito; Castiglioni, Sara

    2015-12-01

    The quantitative determination of urinary biomarkers in raw wastewater has emerged in recent years as a promising tool for estimating the consumption of illicit drugs, tobacco and alcohol in a population and for comparing local and temporal trends. In this study, a three-year monitoring campaign (2012-2014) was conducted to compare alcohol and cocaine use in two European cities (Santiago de Compostela, Spain, and Milan, Italy) by wastewater analysis. Ethyl sulphate and benzoylecgonine were used, respectively, as biomarkers of ethanol and cocaine consumption and cocaethylene as an indicator of co-consumption of both substances. Biomarkers were measured using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and concentrations were converted to rates of consumption using specific correction factors. Results were statistically compared in terms of geographic and temporal tendencies. Alcohol intake was significantly higher in Santiago than in Milan (13.6L versus 5.1L ethanol/1000 people day, averages). Cocaine use was higher in Milan than in Santiago de Compostela (800 versus 632 mg/1000 people day, averages). A significant higher consumption of both alcohol and cocaine was observed during the weekends (~23-75% more than on weekdays) in both cities. In terms of years, slight changes were observed, but no clear trends as representative of the whole year could be identified because of the limited number of days sampled. Co-consumption was evaluated using the cocaethylene/benzoylecgonine ratio, which was higher during the weekend in both cities (58% in Santiago and 47% in Milan over the non-weekend day means), indicating a greater co-consumption when cocaine is used as a recreational drug. Wastewater-based epidemiology gave estimates of alcohol and cocaine use in agreement with previous wastewater studies and with recent European surveillance and prevalence data, and weekly profiles of use and preferential patterns of consumption could be plot.

  15. Role of a proprietary propolis-based product on the wait-and-see approach in acute otitis media and in preventing evolution to tracheitis, bronchitis, or rhinosinusitis from nonstreptococcal pharyngitis

    OpenAIRE

    Di Pierro F.; Zanvit A; Colombo M

    2016-01-01

    Francesco Di Pierro,1 Alberto Zanvit,2 Maria Colombo3 1Scientific Department, Velleja Research, 2Biological Dentistry Department, Italian Stomatology Institute, 3ATS, District 5, Milan, Italy Abstract: Antipyretics and/or anti-inflammatory drugs along with a wait-and-see approach are the only treatments recommended in early acute otitis media (AOM) or viral pharyngitis. Propolis has been widely investigated for its antibacterial, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory properties and could perhaps b...

  16. Tropospheric vertical column densities of NO2 over managed dryland ecosystems (Xinjiang, China: MAX-DOAS measurements vs. 3-D dispersion model simulations based on laboratory derived NO emission from soil samples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Mamtimin

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available We report on MAX-DOAS observations of NO2 over an oasis-ecotone-desert ecosystem in NW-China. There, local ambient NO2 concentrations originate from enhanced biogenic NO emission of intensively managed soils. Our target oasis "Milan" is located at the southern edge of the Taklimakan desert, very remote and well isolated from other potential anthropogenic and biogenic NOx sources. Four observation sites for MAX-DOAS measurements were selected, at the oasis center, downwind and upwind of the oasis, and in the desert. Biogenic NO emissions in terms of (i soil moisture and (ii soil temperature of Milan oasis' (iii different land-cover type sub-units (cotton, Jujube trees, cotton/Jujube mixture, desert were quantified by laboratory incubation of corresponding soil samples. Net potential NO fluxes were up-scaled to oasis scale by areal distribution and classification of land-cover types derived from satellite images using GIS techniques. A Lagrangian dispersion model (LASAT, Lagrangian Simulation of Aerosol-Transport was used to calculate the dispersion of soil emitted NO into the atmospheric boundary layer over Milan oasis. Three dimensional NO concentrations (30 m horizontal resolution have been converted to 3-D NO2 concentrations, assuming photostationary state conditions. NO2 column densities were simulated by suitable vertical integration of modeled 3-D NO2 concentrations at those downwind and upwind locations, where the MAX-DOAS measurements were performed. Downwind-upwind differences (a direct measure of Milan oasis' contribution to the areal increase of ambient NO2 concentration of measured and simulated slant (as well as vertical NO2 column densities show excellent agreement. This agreement is considered as the first successful attempt to prove the validity of the chosen approach to up-scale laboratory derived biogenic NO fluxes to ecosystem field conditions, i.e. from the spatial scale of a soil sample (cm2 to the size of an entire

  17. Analýza vnějšího prostředí pro vybranou firmu

    OpenAIRE

    ONDOKOVÁ, Lucie

    2012-01-01

    The aim of my bachelor thesis was to appreciate the current situation and market position of the building company Milan Hodboď through analysis of external environment.For analyse of external environment I used STEP analyse and Porter´s model of five powers. STEP analyse detects effects from macroenvironment (social and cultural, technical and technological, economic, political and legislative). Porter´s model five forces studies microenvironment (new competition, customers, suppliers, substi...

  18. Redefining U.S. Arctic Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-15

    52 Xie, Kevin. Some BRICS in the Arctic: Developing Powers Look North, Harvard International Review, Vol 36, No. 3, Spring 2015. Accessed 11...May 2015 at <https://www.questia.com/library/journal/1G1- 411013832/some- brics -in-the-arctic-developing-powers-look-north> 18 Strategy for the...2013. Vego, Milan. Joint Operational Warfare, Theory and Practice. Newport, RI: U.S. Naval War College, 2009. Xie, Kevin. Some BRICS in the

  19. Mondadori, how to survive in the e-book era

    OpenAIRE

    Schena, Riccardo

    2015-01-01

    Mondadori is the Italian market leader in the publishing industry, with a history of more than 100 years of experience in the field. The company headquartered in Milan, is the biggest book and magazine publisher in Italy and the third largest in the consumer magazine category in France. The book category currently accounts for almost 25% of the annual revenues and since the year 2010, the company started focusing also on the digital contents for books. The case study offers an ...

  20. Let's go back to Bled!: A contribution to considerations on praxis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bielinska Katarzyna

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Using the categories of the epistemic and epistemological field of theory the author is trying to show on the basis of Bled presentations of Mihailo Marković and Milan Kangrga that their conceptions belong to two separated theoretical fields, which are incompatible with each other. Therefore even in that period we could not speak about a common praxis-philosophy nor a common vision of Marxism.