WorldWideScience

Sample records for gunung kidul part

  1. Amfibi Dan Reptil Karst Gunung Sewu Zona Batur Agung, Gunung Kidul, Daerah Istimewa YOGYAKARTA

    OpenAIRE

    Qurniawan, Tony Febri

    2013-01-01

    An inventory study of amphibians and reptiles from Karst Zone Batur Agung Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta was carried out for first time. Exploration was conducted in July-August 2007, May-June 2008 and April 2009 at four districts of Patuk, Playen, Ngawen and Gedangsari. The results showed findings of 9 species of amphibians and 22 species of reptiles. Total of those amphibians and reptiles were recorded, the largest species of amphibian was Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Bufonidae) and Fejervarya lim...

  2. Diversity and Abundance of Chlorophyta in Krakal Beach, Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putri, A. C.; Nugroho, I. C.; Firdaus, N. U. N.; Puspita, N. O. J.; Fajrin, S. A. R.; Hamzah, S. D. A.

    2017-10-01

    Chlorophyta plays an important role in energy flow as the main producer in marine food chain, material circulation, bioaccumulation, and bio-indicator in the intertidal zone. Several genera of Chlorophyta have been used by local society around coastal area of Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta as local product, but the research about diversity and abundance information of Chlorophyta in Krakal beach was not yet understood. The aim of this study is to gain the information about diversity and abundancy of Chlorophyta in Krakal Beach, Gunung Kidul,Yogyakarta. This research was conducted in March 11th 2017. This research utilizes Line Transect and Stratified Random Sampling method which is used 1x1 m plot. There are six genera of Chlorophyta have been identified in this research, such as Chaetomorpha sp.; Boergesenia sp; Ulva sp.; Cladophora sp.; Enteromorpha sp.; and Halicystis sp. From 6 genera of Chlorophyta, the highest genera coverage is Enteromorpha sp. (9.88%). This research is expected to record data of macroalgae abundance especially Chlorophyta, in Krakal Beach. By this research, monitoring of macroalgae could be done and supported by government and local people to maintain the sustainability of Chlorophyta.

  3. PRODUKTIVITAS LAHAN DAN BIAYA USAHATANI TANAMAN PANGAN DI KABUPATEN GUNUNG KIDUL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suwarto Suwarto

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to investigate land productivity and cost of production of food crops farm in Gunung Kidul. The result of this research found that using labor, fertilizer, and manure increases the land productivity. Similar to, farmers education increases the land productivity. Based on dummy variables, the household labor increases the land productivity. The self-owned land productivity is higher than the rented one belonging to HB, land productivity of forestation department loan is lower than the rented one belonging to HB. Prices of labor, phosphate fertilizer, and organic manure increases the production cost of food crops farm. Based on dummy variables, the production cost of food crops farm LKP rented land is higher than one from other land institution. On the contrary, the cost of production of food crops farmland forestation department loan is lower than one from other land institution.

  4. HUBUNGAN FAKTOR IKLIM DENGAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KABUPATEN GUNUNG KIDUL TAHUN 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rr. Anggun Paramita Djati

    2016-09-01

    2010 dan tidak ada hubungan secara bermakna antara faktor curah hujan denganstatus endemisitas. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini direkomendasikan perlunya dilakukan pemantauan pola iklim terutama curah hujanyang terjadidi Kabupaten Gunungkidul sehingga dapat diprediksi peningkatan kasus DBD dan selanjutnya dapat dilakukan upaya pengendalianyang tepat waktu.Kata kunci: Iklim, demam berdarahdengue, Gunung kidul

  5. Kajian Kerusakan Lingkungan Karst sebagai Dasar Pelestarian Sumberdaya Air (Kasus di DAS Bribin Hulu Kabupaten Gunung Kidul Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raras Endarto

    2016-09-01

    ABSTRACT Groundwater resources in Gunung Kidul Regency synonymous with underground system Bribin  (Bribin watershed. Reservoir Bribin 1, Bribin 2, and Seropan located in the Dadapayu village Semanu Sub-District utilize to comply needs of population  in Gunung Kidul Regency. Existance of Bribin Watershed is very important for continuance and welfare of population which must be managed sustainability. Environmental management in order to achieve sustainability of water resources was emphasized on water recharge, namely Bribin Watershed of upstream section. Identification extent of damage in Bribin Watershed into one of urgency things because the area as underground supplier into reservoir river of Bribin, Baron, and Seropan was utilized for the needs of population. Extent damage of karst is assessed based on morphology of karst basin. This research was conducted using field observations and literature studies related to condition os study area. Considered of  karst damage parameters, includes morphology change caused by mining, existance outlet basin, land cover, condition of springs, caves, and existance of building over the karst surface must be conducted assessment in extent of damage. Administratively, extent of damage karst is very high located in Kenteng, Karangasem, and Bedoyo Village, area of 922.27 hectares. The high levels of extent of damage karst is Ponjong, Sawahan, Sumbergiri Village, area of 9424.24 hectares. The high levels of extent of damage karst among others, existance of great mining, springs, and building over the karst surface. Efforts conservation and management strategies commits based on characteristic karst and regional. Karst management policy strategies based on characteristic karst was pressed in surface appearace(eksokarst. Karst management policy strategies based on regional are management karst area plan overall. Water resources management is related to existence of karst component (eksokarst, include management of springs

  6. Application Of Total Quality Management In Islamic Education: A Case Study Of Madrasah Aliyah (Ma) Al-hikmah, Karangmojo, Gunung Kidul, YOGYAKARTA

    OpenAIRE

    Sulistyorini, Siska

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines how Total Quality Management in Islamic School can fulfill market demands of quality graduates using Madrasah Aliyah (MA) Al-Hikmah Karangmojo Gunung Kidul Yogyakarta as a case study. Based on the research's findings, it will show that: (1) in terms of service management, MA al-Hikmah provides service to the customers –the students- by not charging them any fees for educational operational costs, accommodation, health assurance, and educational facilities such as books and...

  7. APPLICATION OF TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN ISLAMIC EDUCATION: A Case Study of Madrasah Aliyah (MA) Al-Hikmah, Karangmojo, Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta

    OpenAIRE

    Sulistyorini, Siska

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines how Total Quality Management in Islamic School can fulfill market demands of quality graduates using Madrasah Aliyah (MA) Al-Hikmah Karangmojo Gunung Kidul Yogyakarta as a case study. Based on the research’s findings, it will show that: (1) in terms of service management, MA al-Hikmah provides service to the customers –the students- by not charging them any fees for educational operational costs, accommodation, health assurance, and educational facilities such as books and...

  8. KAJIAN SIFAT FISIK, KIMIA DAN FISIOLOGI TERHADAP BEBERAPA TINGKAT KEMATANGAN BUAH RAMBUTAN VARIETAS SI MACAN DI KABUPATEN GUNUNG KIDUL YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Nurhayati

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to determine theee effect of physical, chemical and physiological characteristic of several stages maturity of rambutan cultivar Simacan in Wonosari, Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta. This experimental research was conducted from March to May 2004 used a single factorial Randomized Complete Design (RCD, consisted of six levels, i.e.: A (Rambutan fruit with red stages of maturity, B (Rambutan fruit with yellowness red stages of  maturity, C (Rambutan fruit with yellow  stages of  maturity,  D (Rambutan fruit with greennes  yellow stages of  maturity, E (Rambutan fruit with green  stages of  maturity.  The treatment was done in three replications. The research result showed that (i According to the physical characteristics (weight of whole fruit, fruit flesh and flesh thickness, rambutan in red stages of maturity (84,340%, the highest sugar content was in the red stages of maturity (86,20%, the highest vitamin C content was in the red stages of maturity (29,151% and the highest total solution soluble was in the yellow stages of maturity (15,104% (iii. According to the physiological characteristics, the highest respiration rate was in the greenness yellow fruits stage of maturity ( 0,0495%. Based on the research, it is better for  farmers to harvest rambutan Simacan once they are in red stage. In this stage the rambutan will have its highest sugar, and vitamin C contents.

  9. Nilai-Nilai Kearifan Lokal dalam Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Air di Telaga Omang dan Ngloro Kecamatan Saptosari, Gunung Kidul Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mr. Sulastriyono

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Lake is located in every village in Gunung Kidul regency whether big ones or little ones. This is for example Omang and Ngloro Lake in Saptosari district, which are chose as location for this research. Those Lakers are used for several activities. This research aims to describe local wisdom owned by the community on how they manage the resources. Fur­thermore, this research describes obstacle in resources management and find Solutions for it. Data collection is obtained from library. Primary data management and find are gained from field study with interview and observation non participatory methods. Both data were combined and then analyzed qualitatively. The result of this research shows that; reality of the local wisdom in Omang pond is different with the local wisdom in Ngloro pond. There are technical, structural and cultural obstacles to manage the water pond resources. Too many rubbish from pond user according to the local population growth caused the pond dirty and water seems green. The local community joint with governmental and nongovernmental institutions to solve the problems.

  10. PERBANDINGAN SEL DARAH MERAH, SEL DARAH PUTIH DAN HEMOGLOBIN KELELAWAR GENUS Rhinolophus DI GUA ALAMI DAN GUA WISATA KABUPATEN GUNUNG KIDUL YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Hardjana

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan jumlah eritrosit, leukosit, hemoglobin  dan diferensial leukosit kelelawar genus Rhinolophss di gua alami dan wisata Kabupaten Gunung Kidul Yogyakarta. Jenis penelitian yang dilakukan adalah penelitian eksplorasi. Objek penelitian ini adalah kelelawar Rhinolophus  jantan atau betina tidak sedang hamil/ laktasi dan berumur dewasa. 10 sampel kelelawar Rhinolophus   berasal dari gua alami Cokakan dan 10 sampel berasal dari gua wisata Gelatik Kabupaten Gunung Kidul Yogyakarta. Kelelawar ditangkap dengan menggunakan jaring kabut/ mist net. Darah kelelawar diambil dari bagian lengan bawah sayap bagian atas (vena. Darah yang keluar dimasukkan ke dalam tabung eppendorf dengan penambahan serbuk EDTA. Kelelawar kemudian diberi madu dan dilepas liarkan. Sampel darah dianalisis menggunakan Hematology Analyzer Sysmex KX-21. Data jumlah eritrosit dan leukosit dianalisis dengan analisis statistik Mann- Whitney Test, kadar hemoglobin dianalisis dengan T tes untuk mengetahui ada tidaknya perbedaan signifikan pada perbandingan rerata jumlah eritrosi, leukosit dan kadar hemoglobin  dua kelompok data kelelawar yang berasal dari dua gua dengan pola pengelolaan yang berbeda. Rerata jumlah eritrosit, leukosit , hemoglobin dan diferensial leukosit dibuat menjadi diagram batang untuk mengetahui selisih rerata jumlah dua kelompok data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan (p> 0,05 pada perbandingan jumlah eritrosit, leukosit, hemoglobin  dan diferensial leukosit di gua alami Cokakan dan wisata Glatik Kabupaten Gunung Kidul Yogyakarta. Terdapat kecenderungan jumlah eritrosit dan hemoglobin cenderung lebih tinggi pada kelelawar di gua Cokakan,  sedang leukosit dan diferensial leukosit kelelawar Rhinolophus  yang lebih tinggi pada gua wisata Glatik. Kata kunci: Gua, kelelawar,eritrosit, heoglobin  leukosit, diferensial leukosit

  11. Potential collapse due to geological structures influence in Seropan Cave, Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nugroho, B.; Pranantya, P. A.; Witjahjati, R.; Rofinus

    2018-01-01

    This study aims to estimate the potential collapse in the Seropan cave, based on the existing geological structure conditions in the cave. This is very necessary because in the Seropan cave will be built Microhydro installation for power plants. The electricity will be used to raise the underground river water in the cave to a barren soil surface, which can be used for surface irrigation. The method used is analysis the quality of rock mass along the cave. Analysis of rock mass quality using Geomechanical Classification or Rock Mass Rating (RMR), to determine the magnitude of the effect of geological structure on rock mass stability. The research path is divided into several sections and quality analysis is performed on each section. The results show that the influence of geological structure is very large and along the cave where the research there are several places that have the potential to collapse, so need to get serious attention in handling it. Nevertheless, the construction of this Microhydro installation can still be carried out by making a reinforcement on potentially collapsing parts

  12. Comparative microanatomical structure of gills and skin of remainers and skippers from Gunung Kidul intertidal zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Putri, Rizka Apriani; Sukiya

    2017-08-01

    One type of adaptation needed in fish that live in Intertidal Zone is morphological adaptation. When the tide is low, oxygen circulation in this area is limited, causing tidepools that occurred during this time hypoxic for species that live inside. This research aimed to study the microanatomical structure of respiratory organ of two group of fish that live in intertidal zone and to investigate whether skin of these species can be used as respiratory surface to overcome hypoxic condition. Two species of fish (Bathygobiusfuscus of remainers group and Blenniellabilitonensis of skippers, respectively), were caught and sacrificed, then gills and skin of them were harvested. The organs then undergone further processing for microanatomical preparation with paraffin method and Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. Microanatomical structure of gills and skin analyzed descriptively. Gills were observed to study whether additional structure is presence and modification (in structure of epithelial cells and/or the length of secondary lamelae) is occurred as part of morphological change to absorb more oxygen during low tide. In skin, the thickness of epidermal layers were measured and the number of blood capillaries were counted to investigate whether it can also be used as additional respiratory surface. Quantitative data of skin and gills were statistically analyzed using Student's T-test. Results showed that there were no differences in gills structure between remainers and skippers. Additional structure in gills were absent in both species. However, quantitative measurements in skin showed that skippers have less layers of epidermal cells and high number of blood capillaries compared to remainers' skin. This results indicated that skippers were able to use their skin as additional respiratory surface outside gills.

  13. PERBANDINGAN STRUKTUR INSANG DAN KULIT IKAN TIPE REMAINER (Bathygobius fuscus DAN SKIPPER (Blenniella cyanostigma ZONA INTERTIDAL PANTAI GUNUNG KIDUL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukiya Sukiya

    2016-10-01

      This research aimed to study the microanatomical structure of respiratory organ of two group of fish that live in tidepools. One group is remainers which stay inside the pools during lowtide, while the other is skippers, group of fish that have an ability to move outside water when it’s needed. This research also aimed to investigate whether skin of these species can be used as respiratory surface to overcome hypoxic condition. Two species of fish (Bathygobius fuscus of remainers group and Blenniella cyanostigma of skippers, respectively, were caught and sacrificed, then gills and skin of them were harvested. The organs then undergone further processing for microanatomical preparation with paraffin method and Hematoxylin-Eosin staining. Microanatomical structure of gills and skin then  analysed descriptively. Gills were observed to study whether additional structure is presence and modification (in structure of epithelial cells and/or the length of secondary lamelae is occured as part of morphological change to absorb more oxygen during low tide. In Skin, the thickness of epidermal layers were measured and the number of blood capilaries were counted to investigate whether skin can be used as additional respiratory surface. Quantitative data of skin and gills were statistically analysed using Student’s T-test.  Results showed that there were no differences in gills structure between remainers and skippers. Additional structure in gills were absent in both species. However, quantitative measurements in skins showed that skippers have less layers of epidermal cells and high number of blood capilaries compared to remainers skin. This results indicated that skippers were able to use their skin as additional respiratory surface outside gills.   Keywords: gills, intertidal zone,  microanatomical structure, skin, remainers, skippers

  14. Biodiversity of aerobic heterotrophic bacteria from Baron beach, Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AGUS IRIANTO

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available Baron beach is a specific habitat due its characteristic as a narrow beach with outlet of sub-surface rivers. This research had been done in order to know its microbial characteristic. Research used survey method and bacterial identification was done based on comparative description. The research showed that during high tide of seawater, the total bacterial count was 1.0 to 6.0 x 107 cfu/ml on NA and 2.0 to 7.0 x 107 cfu/ml on NA+0.5% NaCl. Furthermore, during the low tide of sea water, the total bacterial count was 1.4 to 8.8 x 108 cfu/ml on NA, and 3.2 to 9.0 106 cfu/ml on NA+0,5% NaCl. This study found 14 genera of bacteria and dominated by Gram-negative bacteria. The result indicated seawater influenced the number of bacteria present in this environment.

  15. Laku Gunung Sagara: Perubahan Sosial dengan Pendekatan Koreografi Lingkungan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hendro Martono

    2013-11-01

    Laku Gunung Sagara Dance. A social phenomenon has occurred in Suru Kumadang village, Tanjungsari Gunungkidul. For the past ten years, many villagers who were originally farmers have switched their professions into merchants in marine sector, pioneered by women who previously work as part-timers but now work as full-timers. The purpose aims at transforming the inner turmoil of Gunungkidul villagers’ social phenomenon into a work of art. The work of art uses environmental choreography approach to dissect the earth and sky repertoires, gayuh bumi and segara gunung. Based on the choreography analysis and theater semiotics, Laku Gunung Segara is the manifestation of Labuhan in the daily lives of villagers in Suru. Furthermore, in the view of the villagers, the South Queen is an incarnation of Goddess Sri so that the villagers are no longer afraid to work at sea. In conclusion, the environmental choreography has managed to interpret and develop the entire phenomenon. The cultural fi nding is that the villagers, who have advanced their arts, consider the importance of training and support active collaboration. Keywords: gunung- segara dance, environmental choreography

  16. Kinerja Koperasi Kredit Kubu Gunung Tegaljaya Desa Dalung Kecamatan Kuta Utara Kabupaten Badung (Pendekatan Balanced Scorecard)

    OpenAIRE

    DEWI, MADE PUTRI KRISNA; ANTARA, MADE; USTRIYANA, I NYOMAN GEDE

    2015-01-01

    Performance Koperasi Kredit Kubu Gunung Tegaljaya Dalung Village, Kuta Utara Sub-district Badung Regency (Approach Balanced Scorecard) Cooperative is the only entity which compatible with national economic system. Cooperative has position as “soko guru” of national economic and as a part which cannot be separated from national economic system. The purpose of research is to know how the performance of Kredit Kubu Gunung Tegaljaya Cooperative based on balance scorecard that observed with financ...

  17. The Effect of Sawdust Addition to Physical Body of Kidul Clay Based Earthware Ceramic

    OpenAIRE

    Sundari, Komang Nelly

    2016-01-01

    The research on "The Effect of the addition of sawdust on the physical properties of ceramic body of Kidul clay-based Earthenware " has been performed with different percentages. The sawdust used is wood shavings waste ofbuilding materials. Based on the results ofehemical analysis, sawdust is known to have a tendency as a fuser, whereas Kidul clay contain enough clay substance / loam, feldspar and quartz minerals. This study aims to determine the physical properties of the composite body peri...

  18. Konsep ABG (Academic-Business-Government dalam Rencana Sistem Industri Berbasis Potensi Daerah Kabupaten Sleman dan Gunung Kidul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Prasanto Bimantio

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY mempunyai potensi industri yang cukup tinggi, baik industri kecil, menengah, maupun besar. Namun daya saing produk industri pengolahan di DIY rendah karena beberapa faktor, yakni masih lemahnya keterkaitan antar industri, keterbatasan produksi barang setengah jadi dan komponen di dalam negeri, keterbatasan industri berteknologi tinggi, kesenjangan kemampuan ekonomi antardaerah, serta ketergantungan ekspor pada beberapa komoditas tertentu. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuat rancangan konsep kawasan industri berbasis potensi daerah (Domestic Based Industry/ DBI menggunakan pendekatan sinergi Academic-Business-Government (ABG. Pendekatan ini dilakukan dengan fokus pada pemanfaatan bahan baku, sumber daya manusia, dan pemenuhan permintaan pasar lokal. Hasil kajian ini menghasilkan tiga konsep kawasan DBI yang diusulkan: (i pengolahan produk turunan salak pondoh di Turi Sleman, (ii pengolahan zeolit di Gedangsari Gunungkidul, dan (iii pengolahan limbah produk biogas di Cangkringan Sleman. Ketiga konsep kawasan industri pengolahan tersebut saling terkait dan akan membentuk jejaring yang terintegrasi mulai dari bahan baku hingga produk, baik dengan industri rancangan baru maupun dengan industri yang sudah ada.

  19. Potensi Kayu Perkakas dan Kayu Bakar Jenis Jati (Tectona grandis di Hutan Rakyat Desa Natah, Gunung Kidul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ris Hadi Purwanto

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Potentials  of Merchantable Timber and Firewod of Teak (Tectona grandis in Natah Village Community Forest , Gunungkidul The potential of merchantable timber and firewod of teak (Tectona grandis in Desa Natah community forest was estimated by developing allometric equations method. To establish the allometric equation 350 sample trees were measured to determine the relationships between tree height (H and diameter breast height (D. Thirty trees of various sizes were cut to measure the merchantable timber and firewood volume. The raw merchantable timber volume of teak in the community forest was defined as the ligneous material contained in the bole and branches which both with a diameter of at least 10cm. The result showed that D (taken at about 1.3m above the ground was a good predictor of H with r2 over 0.9672. When D was combined with H, r2 was improved somewhat for the merchantable timber volume, suggesting the growth patterns of tree dimensions were colesy interdependent. A standing stock of the merchantable timber and firewood volume of teak in the community forest was then estimated based on the allometric relations. Proportions of the merchantable timber and firewood volume were 66.91% and 33.09% of total wood volume per tree, respectively. The potential of merchantable timber and firewood volume in these community forest were 13.501 m3/ha and 8.686 m3/ha, respectively, with a basal area of 1.887 m2/ha. Based on the basal area, Desa Natah community forests of teak could be classified into extremely sparse of stands category.

  20. SPECIES INVENTORY OF AMPHIBIOUS FISH IN INTERTIDAL ZONE OF NGRENEHAN, NGOBARAN AND NGUYAHAN COASTELS, GUNUNG KIDUL, YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukiya Sukiya

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Tropical region is high on faunal diversity including vertebrates and invertebrates. Research on diversity of amphibious fish in Intertidal zone of  Yogyakarta southern coast is still limited so there is no complete records regarding these unique fish. This research aimed to know the diversity of amphibious fish in three beaches of Yogyakarta southern coast, namely pantai Ngrenehan, Ngobaran dan Nguyahan. Fish sampling were conducted using random sampling method combined with observational method. Fish were collected using small nets then identified to species rank. The total length of each fish were measured and recorded. Few individuals of the same species were sacrificed as voucher specimens. The result showed that in pantai Ngrenehan, Ngobaran, and Nguyahan, five different species of amphibius fish were found, which are Cabillus lacertops, Bathygobius fuscus, Enneapterygus sp., Blenniella cyanostigma, and Blenniella caudolineata. Cabillus lacertops was found in all of sampling locations. Enneapterygus sp. was found in pantai Nguyahan while Bathigobius fuscus, and Blenniella caudolineata can only be found in pantai Ngrenehan. Further studies regarding the adaptation, ecological features, taxonomy and biological reproduction of Yogyakarta southern coast’s  amphibious fish are still needed.   Keywords: Inventarization, amphbious fish, intertidal zone, Yogyakarta southern coast

  1. Diversifikasi Konsumsi Pangan Pokok Berbasis Potensi Lokal dalam Mewujudkan Ketahanan Pangan Rumahtangga Pedesaan di Kecamatan Semin Kabupaten Gunung Kidul

    OpenAIRE

    Suyastiri Y.P, Ni Made

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of the research is to inspect and analyze factors which influence consumption diversification system based on local potential to create village housing food tenacity. This research uses descriptive method with survey implementation method. Research area determination uses purposive method and housing sample is taken by proportional stratified random sampling with 50 housing sample. The result of this research indicate that staple food based on local potential is still domin...

  2. Diversification of Food Consumption for Food Security Based on Local Potency at Household Level in Semin, Gunung Kidul

    OpenAIRE

    Ni, Made Suyastiri.YP

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of the research is to investigate and analyze factors influecing consumption diversification system based on local potency to create household food security. This research uses descriptive method from survey result.Research area is determined by purposive method and household sample is taken by proportional stratified random sampling with 50 households. The result of this research indicates that staple food based on local potency is still dominated by rice followed by cassava and ...

  3. Pengaruh Metode Pemicuan terhadap Perubahan Perilaku Buang Air Besar Sembarangan pada Masyarakat Kelurahan Kauman Kidul Kota Salatiga

    OpenAIRE

    Pudjaningrum, Pudjaningrum; Wahyuningsih, Nur Endah; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani

    2016-01-01

    The practice of open defecation is one of problems in sanitation and healthy hygienic behavior at Kelurahan Kauman Kidul's community Salatiga. Recorded 79 families that still practice open defecation. Acces to latrines, which reached 68,78% compounded by floods that began often occurs after the construction of toll road aggravate the sanitary condition at Kelurahan Kauman Kidul. Permenkes No. 3 In 2014 about Community Based on Total Sanitation ( STBM ) is an approach to changing behavior hygi...

  4. NPP Tropical Forest: Gunung Mulu, Malaysia, 1977-1978

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ABSTRACT: Biomass, litterfall, and nutrient content of different vegetation components and soil for four lowland rain forest types on contrasting soils at Gunung...

  5. Herpetofauna of gunung panti forest reserve, johor, peninsular malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onn, Chan Kin; Grismer, L Lee; Matsui, Masafumi; Nishikawa, Kanto; Wood, Perry Lee; Grismer, Jesse Leland; Belabut, Daicus; Ahmad, Norhayati

    2010-08-01

    A survey was carried out at Gunung Panti Forest Reserve, Johor from 3-7 August 2006, 2-5 June 2008, and 28-31 July 2008 to inventory the herpetofauna therein. An updated checklist for the area which incorporates findings from previous studies is provided. In total, 37 species of frogs, 1 turtle, 27 lizards, and 11 snakes have been recorded from Gunung Panti Forest Reserve, Johor.

  6. Dialog Antara Prinsip-Prinsip dan Nilai-Nilai Koperasi dengan Modal Sosial di Koperasi Kredit Marsudi Mulyo, Putat Patuk Gunung Kidul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rizki Emelia Sinuraya

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Koperasi Kredit Marsudi Mulyo, adheres to trust, honesty and cooperation as core values with respect to its establishment, membership, business management and conduct of social activities. Specifically for membership, principles encompass self-responsibility, equality, open and voluntary membership, democratic, autonomy, freedom, togetherness and the opportunity to undergo training and education; in business management principles employed include self-reliance, economic participation, justice, solidarity, transparency, honesty, tolerance and cooperation; while in the conduct of social activities, principles used encompass solidarity,mutual help, mutual aid and concern. The values and principles create an atmosphere of kinship, mutual help and mutual cooperation in generating trust, which allows fellow members to cooperate in developing networks by exchanging virtues based on shared values.

  7. GARAM GUNUNG ASAL KRAYAN SEBAGAI ZAT ADITIF UNTUK MENSTABILKAN KLOROFIL SAYURAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herman Herman

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Garam Gunung Asal Krayan yang terdapat pada wilayah utara pulau Kalimantan dipercaya oleh masyarakat setempat untuk menyembuhkan berbagai macam penyakit seperti darah tinggi, kencing manis, penyakit kulit serta beberapa penyakit lainnya. Sayur yang menggunakan garam gunung terlihat lebih segar atau nampak tidak layu dan kesegarannya tahan lama dibandingkan dengan menggunakan garam biasa. Dilakukan penelitian untuk mengetahui efek garam gunung asal Krayan terhadap stabilitas sayuran dilihat dari perubahan kadar klorofilnya dengan beberapa perlakuan. Klorofil diukur absorbannya dengan menggunakan spektrofotometer pada panjang gelombang 649 nm dan 665 nm. Didapatkan hasil waktu penyimpanan sayuran yang menggunakan garam gunung asal Krayan yang masih mendekati klorofil sayuran segar adalah pada saat selesai pengolahan (0 jam yaitu sebesar 22,11 ppm. Perubahan warna pada sayuran yang menggunakan garam gunung asal Krayan lebih lambat dibandingkan dengan garam biasa. Kata Kunci : Garam gunung Krayan, sayuran, klorofil

  8. GARAM GUNUNG ASAL KRAYAN SEBAGAI ZAT ADITIF UNTUK MENSTABILKAN KLOROFIL SAYURAN

    OpenAIRE

    Herman Herman; Laode Rijai

    2012-01-01

    Garam Gunung Asal Krayan yang terdapat pada wilayah utara pulau Kalimantan dipercaya oleh masyarakat setempat untuk menyembuhkan berbagai macam penyakit seperti darah tinggi, kencing manis, penyakit kulit serta beberapa penyakit lainnya. Sayur yang menggunakan garam gunung terlihat lebih segar atau nampak tidak layu dan kesegarannya tahan lama dibandingkan dengan menggunakan garam biasa. Dilakukan penelitian untuk mengetahui efek garam gunung asal Krayan terhadap stabilitas sayuran dilihat da...

  9. Identifiksi Sebaran Litologi berdasarkan Analisis Data Resistivitas di Gunung Wungkal

    OpenAIRE

    Nurul Dzakiya; MGS. Dwiki Nugraha; Nenden L. Sidik; Trias Galena

    2017-01-01

    Analisis data untuk mengidentifikasi sebaran litologi yang memiliki potensi bahan galian industri di Daerah Gunung Wungkal Yogyakarta dengan menggunakan metode resistivitas dan survei geologi permukaan telah dilakukan. Hasil korelasi kedua data tersebut menunjukkan sebaran litologi merupakan pelapukan intrusi batuan beku yang kemudian menghasilkan material lempung (6,0-10 m), lempung pasiran (11-30 m) dan lapukan batuan diorit (30-55 m) yang berada di kedalaman berbeda. Ketebalan batuan di pe...

  10. Strategi Pemasaran Ekspor Pala pada PT. Gunung Intan Permata Manado

    OpenAIRE

    Valencia, Goei Gracella; Kumaat, Ribka M; Rumagit, Grace A. J

    2017-01-01

    This study aims to analyze how marketing strategies implemented by PT. Gunung Intan Permata Manado in exporting the nutmeg products in order to compete with other companies. This study uses data obtanined from direct observation and interviews using questionnaires. Data analysis methods used were Matrix of Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE), Matrix of External Factor Evaluation (EFE), dan SWOT Analysis (Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats). The results showed that the marketing strategy...

  11. MENELISIK MITOS DEWI LANJAR DAN MITOS RATU KIDUL DENGAN PERSPEKTIF ANTROPOLOGI-STRUKTURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nugroho Trisnu Barata

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to analyzing of myth phenomenon on the parth of Javanese life in Northern Java Island (Lanjar Goddes myth and Southern Java Island (South Queen myth. Questions to elaborate in this paper include; (1 How the narration of description about Lanjar Goddes myth and South Queen myth on Javanes life?; and (2 How the structure behind Lanjar Goddes myth and South Queen myth? The method used in this study is litherature study, that is the text of Lanjar Goddes myth and the text of South Queen myth. In this article the paradigm used is structuralism theory. The relations between actor and event can be transformed or to changed on position relations form that can seen relations network between actor and event, domain, and character on one model. There are four main actors on these myth are Lanjar Goddess (Dewi Lanjar, South Queen (Ratu Kidul, King Senopati (Panembahan Senopati, and Lord Bahu (Raden Bahu. The naration context is Java Island or Javanese culture. Episode of actor context and event, conflict episode, and conflict resolution episode seen the same relations and opposite relations. Man-women relation, sea-continent relation, alliance-defeate relation can seen on both two myths narration. 

  12. Landslides susceptibility mapping at Gunung Ciremai National Park

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faizin; Nur, Bambang Azis

    2018-02-01

    In addition to agriculture, tourism became one of primary economic income for communities around Mount Ciremai, West, Java. Unfortunately, the landscape of West Java has many potential causes to disasters, mainly landslides. Mapping of disaster susceptibility area is needed as a consideration of tourism planning. The study was conducted in Gunung Ciremai National Park, West Java. This paper propose a methodology to map landslides susceptibilities based on spatial data. Using Geographic Information System tools, several environmental parameters such as slope, land use, elevation, and lithology are scored to build a landslide susceptibility map. Then, susceptibility map is overlaid with Utilization Zone.

  13. Pelaksanaan Peraturan Partisipasi Masyarakat dalam Penanggulangan Bencana Gunung Api Merapi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heribertus Jaka Triyana

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the implementation of the public participation rule in the disaster management of Merapi volcano. The regulation desires for a shift of paradigm from centralized disaster management to participative disaster management. This study shows the government has not shifted from the old paradigm of centralized disaster management.  Tulisan ini menggambarkan pelaksanaan aturan partisipasi masyarakat dalam penanggulangan bencana gunung api Merapi. Peraturan menginginkan pergeseran paradigma penanggulangan bencana dari sentralistik ke penanggulangan bencana yang partisipatoris. Penelitian ini menunjukkan Pemerintah belum sepenuhnya beralih dari paradigma penanggulangan bencana sentralistis.

  14. Identifiksi Sebaran Litologi berdasarkan Analisis Data Resistivitas di Gunung Wungkal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Dzakiya

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Analisis data untuk mengidentifikasi sebaran litologi yang memiliki potensi bahan galian industri di Daerah Gunung Wungkal Yogyakarta dengan menggunakan metode resistivitas dan survei geologi permukaan telah dilakukan. Hasil korelasi kedua data tersebut menunjukkan sebaran litologi merupakan pelapukan intrusi batuan beku yang kemudian menghasilkan material lempung (6,0-10 m, lempung pasiran (11-30 m dan lapukan batuan diorit (30-55 m yang berada di kedalaman berbeda. Ketebalan batuan di permukaan sekitar 225-231 meter berdasarkan penampang peta geologi dengan arah sebaran dari Barat Laut hingga Tenggara. Proses pelapukan dan alterasi di daerah ini intensif (alterasi argilik dengan jenis morfologi perbukitan intrusi terdenudasi dan dataran Alluvial.

  15. ANALISIS KANDUNGAN GARAM GUNUNG ASAL KRAYAN KABUPATEN NUNUKAN KALIMANTAN TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herman Herman

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Has been studied composition of mountain salt from Krayan, Nunukan, East Kalimantan. This study aims to determine the composition of the minerals contained in the  mountain salt. Mountain salt is obtained from wells Krayan District residents were further prepared for analysis using a technique using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS, further by looking at the pattern of X-ray Diffraction (XRD and Scanning electron microscopic (SEM. Based on the results obtained AAS has identified mineral deposits include: Na, K, Mg, Al, Cu, Zn, Fe, Ba, and Sr. From the results of XRD shows that the main peak of the salt Krayan shows major peaks for NaCl crystals with impurities such as KCl, CaCl2, MgCl2, and AlCl3. SEM observation showed that morphology of Krayan salt have cube shape which is the shape of NaCl crystals with space group Fm3m and lattice parameter (a 5.620 Å Keywords : Mountain Salt, krayan, AAS, XRD, SEM   Abstrak Telah dilakukan penelitian analisis kandungan garam gunung asal Krayan Kabupaten Nunukan Kalimantan Timur. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui komposisi mineral yang terkandung dalam garam gunung. Garam gunung diperoleh dari sumur warga Kecamatan Krayan yang selanjutnya dipreparasi untuk dianalisis dengan menggunakan menggunakan teknik Spektrometer Serapan Atom (SSA, selanjutnya dengan melihat pola Difraksi Sinar X (XRD, dan Scanning Elektron Microscopy (SEM. Berdasarkan hasil SSA telah diidentifikasi diperoleh kandungan mineral antara lain: Na, K, Mg, Al, Cu,  Zn, Fe, Ba, dan Sr. Dari hasil XRD terlihat bahwa puncak utama dari  garam krayan tersebut menunjukkan puncak utama untuk Kristal NaCl, dengan impurities antara lain KCl, CaCl2, MgCl2, dan AlCl3. Selain itu hal ini didukung pula oleh pengamatan SEM, bahwa morfologi SEM garam krayan memperlihatkan bentuk kristal kubus yang merupakan  bentuk dari  Kristal NaCl  dengan  grup ruang  Fm3m  dengan panjang  kisi kristal 5,620 Å. Kata Kunci : Garam Gunung, Krayan

  16. NPP Tropical Forest: Gunung Mulu, Malaysia, 1977-1978, R1

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This data set contains seven ASCII data files (.txt format). Four files provide NPP data for contrasting lowland rainforests within Gunung Mulu National Park on the...

  17. Forest resource inventory assessment in Gunung Rara Forest Reserve, Sabah, using stratified field sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamaruzaman Jusoff

    2000-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to assess the current timber volume by stratified sampling on a proposed plantation area. The study area is located in Gunung Rara Forest Reserve in the district of Tawau, Sabah, Malaysia.

  18. Pengaruh Stres Kerja Terhadap Motivasi Dan Kinerja Karyawan PT Perkebunan Nusantara III (Persero) Kebun Gunung Pamela Tebing Tinggi

    OpenAIRE

    Siregar, Devi Novita Sari

    2013-01-01

    TNE WORK STRESS’S EFFECT ON MOTIVATION AND PERFORMANCE OF EMPLOYEES IN PT PERKEBUNAN NUSANTARA III (PERSERO) KEBUN GUNUNG PAMELA TEBING TINGGI This research was conducted aiming to determine the effect of work stress and analyze of motivation of employees at PT Perkebunan Nusantara III (Persero) Kebun Gunung Pamela Tebing Tinggi and to determine and analyze the effect of work stress on employee’s performance in the PT Perkebunan Nusantara III (Persero) Kebun Gunung Pamela Tebing Ting...

  19. Kajian Tanah di Kawasan Penyangga (Buffer Zone) Taman Nasional Gunung Leuser Kecamatan Sei Bingei Kabupaten LangkatBerdasarkan Toposekuen

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson

    2012-01-01

    Penelitian dilaksanakan di daerah penyangga (buffer zone) Taman Nasional Gunung Leuser tepatnya di daerah Pamah Semilir Keeamatan Sei Bingei Kabupaten Langkat. Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah untuk mengklasifIkasikan tanah yang terdapat di kawasan penyangga (buffer zone) Taman Nasional Gunung Leuser pada toposekuen menurut Soil Taxonomy USDA 1998 sampai tingkat sub grup. 950303003

  20. Analisis Kelayakan Sosial Ekonomi Pengembangan Kampus II UIN Sunan Ampel di Kelurahan Gunung Anyar Kota Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Ernawati

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The developments in higher education must be in line with the development of the world today, as the college itself is an institution with the function of reviewing, preserve, develop, and disseminate art, science and technology in order to educate the nation. The physical development of multicampus masterplan must have basic design principles as follows; flexibility, adaptability, orderliness, campus social life-oriented, formality and symbolizes the development of technology and culture of Indonesia in the future. This paper is part of the Campus Development Feasibility Study Report II UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya in Gunung Anyar Surabaya. The social study is one of the substantial aspects in the preparation of a feasibility study toward land acquisition based on the public response againts the campus development plan. A descriptive qualitative method was use to collect and analyzed the data base on the result of communty feedback identification as well as the supporting secondary data. The analysis showed that the community strongly agree with the development plans in their surrounding areas as a means of education. The public has a positive image for the institution of UIN Sunan Ampel so they showed their enthusiasm with the campus development plan. The campus development are expected to contribute positively to community enhancement, both economic and social. However, it should be well anticipated the possibility of negative impacts that may occur as a result of the development plan, both socially as well as the physical condition of the environment.

  1. Effect of Marketing Strategy on Customer Loyalty Bajapuik Savings at PT. BPR Berok Gunung Pangilun Padangn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Heryanto

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to look and see if the marketing strategy of product, price, and location and upon promotion will affect customer loyalty bajapuik savings on PT.BPR Berok Gunung Pangilun Padang. This study uses primary data, where the object under study here is PT. BPR Berok Gunung Pangilun Padang. Total sample was 100 people taken from the 5750 population of people who gathered from 3 cash offices and 1 center office at PT. BPR Berok Gunung Pangilun Padang. The approach used to test the hypothesis of this study is multiple regression analysis, t-test f-test and anova. From the results showed that a significant difference between variables Marketing Strategies with Customer Loyalty.

  2. Microtremor study of Gunung Anyar mud volcano, Surabaya, East Java

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syaifuddin, Firman; Bahri, Ayi Syaeful; Lestari, Wien; Pandu, Juan

    2016-05-01

    The existence of mud volcano system in East Java is known from the ancient period, especially in Surabaya. Gunung Anyar mud volcano is one of the mud volcano system manifestation was appeared close to the residence. Because of this phenomenon we have to learn about the impact of this mud volcano manifestation to the neighbourhood. The microtremor study was conducted to evaluate the possible influence effect of the mud volcano to the environment and get more information about the subsurface condition in this area. Microtremor is one of the geophysical methods which measure the natural tremor or vibration of the earth, the dominant frequency of the tremor represent thickness of the soft sediment layer overlay above the bed rock or harder rock layer beneath our feet. In this study 90 stations was measured to record the natural tremor. The result from this study shows the direct influenced area of this small mud volcano system is close to 50m from the centre of the mud volcano and bed rock of this area is range between 66 to 140 meter.

  3. AUTEKOLOGI BEGONIA DI SEBAGIAN KAWASAN TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG MERAPI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NKE. Undaharta

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan September 2013 di Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi, Yogyakarta dengantujuan untuk mengetahui data ekologi Begonia di habitat alaminya serta tumbuhan bawah yang ada di sekitarnya.Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan membuat plot ukuran 2 x 2 m secara purposive sampling. Data lingkunganyang diperoleh masing-masing plot pada habitat Begonia dianalisis menggunakan Canonical CorespondenceAnalysis (CCA dengan program Canoco untuk mengetahui seberapa besar pengaruh faktor-faktor ini terhadapkeberadaan Begonia. Data kelimpahan (abudance vegetasi ditabulasikan ke dalam format excel spreadsheet yangdiinput ke dalam software PRIMER. Data dilakukan pre-treatment dengan square root transformation kemudian dihitung matriks kemiripan atau resemblance matrix berdasarkan indeks kemiripan Bray-Curtis sebagai dasar analisis Non Metric Multidimensional Scaling ordination/NMDS untuk mengetahui sebaran kelimpahan Begonia.Sebanyak 3 jenis Begonia yang dapat ditemukan di sebagian kawasan Taman Nasional Merapi diantaranya Begoniamultangula Blume, B. hirtella Link dan B. tenuifolia Draynd. Begonia hanya dijumpai di Bukit Plawangan danBukit Pranajiwa. Tumbuh secara mengelompok pada ketinggian 1004-1164 m dpl. Tumbuh pada kemiringan lahan27-40%, pH tanah 6.6-6.9, kelembaban tanah 10-19%. Begonia memiliki preferensi asosiasi dengan ketinggiantempat dan kelembaban tanah. Sumbu altitude lebih signifikan berperan dalam distribusi Begonia di lokasi studidibandingkan sumbu lingkungan kelembaban tanah. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan informasiyang bermanfaat dalam melakukan aklimatisasi dan konservasi Begonia.

  4. AUTEKOLOGI BEGONIA DI SEBAGIAN KAWASAN TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG MERAPI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NKE. Undaharta

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan September 2013 di Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi, Yogyakarta dengantujuan untuk mengetahui data ekologi Begonia di habitat alaminya serta tumbuhan bawah yang ada di sekitarnya.Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan membuat plot ukuran 2 x 2 m secara purposive sampling. Data lingkunganyang diperoleh masing-masing plot pada habitat Begonia dianalisis menggunakan Canonical CorespondenceAnalysis (CCA dengan program Canoco untuk mengetahui seberapa besar pengaruh faktor-faktor ini terhadapkeberadaan Begonia. Data kelimpahan (abudance vegetasi ditabulasikan ke dalam format excel spreadsheet yangdiinput ke dalam software PRIMER. Data dilakukan pre-treatment dengan square root transformation kemudian dihitung matriks kemiripan atau resemblance matrix berdasarkan indeks kemiripan Bray-Curtis sebagai dasar analisis Non Metric Multidimensional Scaling ordination/NMDS untuk mengetahui sebaran kelimpahan Begonia.Sebanyak 3 jenis Begonia yang dapat ditemukan di sebagian kawasan Taman Nasional Merapi diantaranya Begoniamultangula Blume, B. hirtella Link dan B. tenuifolia Draynd. Begonia hanya dijumpai di Bukit Plawangan danBukit Pranajiwa. Tumbuh secara mengelompok pada ketinggian 1004-1164 m dpl. Tumbuh pada kemiringan lahan27-40%, pH tanah 6.6-6.9, kelembaban tanah 10-19%. Begonia memiliki preferensi asosiasi dengan ketinggiantempat dan kelembaban tanah. Sumbu altitude lebih signifikan berperan dalam distribusi Begonia di lokasi studidibandingkan sumbu lingkungan kelembaban tanah. Hasil penelitian ini diharapkan dapat memberikan informasiyang bermanfaat dalam melakukan aklimatisasi dan konservasi Begonia.

  5. Peran Masyarakat dan Swasta dalam Pengelolaan Sampah di Kota Kecil Jawa Tengah (Studi Kasus: Kawasan Kupang Kidul, Kota Ambarawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reni Astuty Manurung

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Small cities have strategic role in the contect of regional development. The role of those cities is tightly related to the concept of growth pole and the theory of center place by Christaller. Generally, the role of small cities in village development has 3 basic roles, namely as the center of retail, employment and service (Bajracharya: 2000, Mathur: 1982. But, in the case of urban system, the role of city is identified more from the scale of urban service each cities. Small city can grow as regional service core and the rest can be as local service. Management is a serial of process, habbit, policy, rule and institution which affects direction, management, and control in an enterprise or corporation.  Government, as a local high institution, acts as a primer actor in small city management. Nevertheless, the existence of private and community unconsciously has an important role in the success of small city management. Waste problem is one of many sectors that are noticed in effort of city adaptation to achieve a resilient city.  The act number 18 IX chapter 28 verse (1 defines about community role in waste management which is conducted by government or local government. Ambarawa sub district is a market city which lies on a triangle-circle among Semarang, Solo, and Jogjakarta. Ambarawa is facing a problem which is the form and role of community that is less optimal in city management, such as city waste management.  The purpose of this research is to find out how private and community act in city waste management, particularly in the small cities of central java with case study in Kupang Kidul, Ambarawa City. There are 2 objectives which are to identify who the actor in waste management in Ambarawa and to analyze how the actor acts in waste management in Ambarawa City. This research uses mixed method both quantitative and qualitative. Then, it will be used the methodology of study case as a primary research strategy. Data collection will be

  6. NILAI VERNAKULAR DALAM PENATAAN LINGKUNGAN PADA PERMUKIMAN LERENG GUNUNG (Studi di Desa Kapencar, Lereng Gunung Sindoro, Wonosobo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VG Sri Rejeki

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The plateau settlement is one typology of settlement in Java. Some theory about the it have been presented the problem solving of contour or sloping land, but not discuss about the strategy of climatic solution yet. At Kapencar Village we founded some phenomenas of problem solving naturally. Some strategies are 1 the building typologies have the jogan as strategy to multy activities and the pogo as strategy to suport the tobacco and corn own activities. 2 The cut and fill construstion as the strategy of sloping land. 3 The pebble became the building material locally, that it put from yard themselves. 4 The little ventilation and the zink material as the strategy of the too cold and high humidity climate. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Permukiman di dataran tingi merupakan salah satu tipe permukiman di Jawa. Selama ini teori dan konsep permukiman lerengan yang berkembang sebatas membahas tentang bentuk kontur/ kelerengan. Tetapi belum mendiskusikan tentang strategi menyelesailan masalah iklim secara vernakular. Di Desa Kapencar ditemukan beberapa fenomena strategi penyelesaian masalah secara natural oleh masyarakat. Beberapa temuan yang dapat dijadikan pembahasan antara lain 1 adanya tipologi rumah dengan prioritas ruang jogan multi fungsi dan pogo, sebagai strategi mendukung kegiatan berladang tembakau dan jagung. 2 penyelesaian kontur diselesaikan dengan cut – fill,. 3 penggunaan batu alam sebagai bahan lokal, diambil dalam pekarangan sendiri, 4 sesedikit mungkin lubang di rumah dan pemilihan bahan seng , sebagai strategi mengarasi suhu dingin dan kelembaban tinggi di lokasi tersebut. Kata kunci: Permukiman, lereng gunung, bahan bangunan, iklim, tipologi.

  7. STUDI INDEKS SAPROBIK DAN KOMPOSISI FITOPLANKTON PADA MUSIM HUJAN DI SITU GUNUNG, SUKABUMI, JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firdaus Ramadhan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakIndeks saprobik merupakan indeks yang digunakan untuk mengetahui status pencemaran pada perairan dengan menggunakan keberadaan organisme seperti komposisi fitoplankton di perairan. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman fitoplankton dan kondisi kualitas perairan danau Situ Gunung, Sukabumi Jawa Barat berdasarkan nilai indeks saprobik. Sampel fitoplankton diambil dengan cara menyaring air danau sebanyak 20 liter dengan plankton net kemudian diawetkan dengan larutan Iodine 10%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat 32 spesies fitoplankton ditemukan di Situ Gunung yang termasuk ke dalam 5 kelas yaitu, Chlorophyceae (66,58%, Cyanophyceae (25,82%, Bacillariophyceae (6,33%, Dinophyceae (1,01% dan Cryptophyceae (0,25%. Jenis fitoplankon yang paling banyak ditemukan di Situ Gunung adalah Monoraphidium sp., Chroococcus sp., Gloeocapsa sp., dan Ankistrodesmus sp. Nilai indeks keanekaragaman (H’ di stasiun A = 1,02, stasiun B = 0,78, stasiun C = 0,39, stasiun D = 0,83 dan stasiun E = 0,6. Nilai indeks saprobik berkisar antara 1 s.d 1,67, yaitu dengan tingkat pencemaran ringan (β mesosaprobik hingga sangat ringan (oligosaprobik oleh bahan organik. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut, danau Situ Gunung termasuk ke dalam perairan yang belum tercemar.Abstract The saprobic index is an index applies to determine pollution level of water based on the presence of organisms such as phytoplankton. This study was conducted to determine the diversity of phytoplankton and water quality of Situ Gunung, Sukabumi, West Java based on saprobic index values. From this study, 32 species of phytoplankton were found that were members of five major classes: Chlorophyceae (66.58%, Cyanophyceae (25.82%, Bacillariophyceae (6.33%, Dinophyceae (1.01% and Cryptophyceae (0.25%. The most abundant phytoplankton species found in Situ Gunung were Monoraphidium sp., Chroococcus sp., Gloeocapsa sp., and Ankistrodesmus sp. Diversity index (H' of station A, B, C, D, and E were 1

  8. Klasifikasi gunung api aktif Indonesia, studi kasus dari beberapa letusan gunung api dalam sejarah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indyo Pratomo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol1no4.20065Indonesia is well known as a volcanic country, where more than 30% out of all the world volcanoes occupied this region. Volcanic region is generally densely populated, because of their soil fertility and other land use. Based on their historical eruptions noted since and before 1600 A.D., the Indonesian active volcanoes are regrouped in to A type (79 volcanoes, which were defi ned as volcanoes erupted since 1600 A.D., B type (29 volcanoes erupted before 1600 A.D., and C type (21 volcanoes are solfatar fi elds (Bemmelen, 1949; van Padang 1951; Kusumadinata, 1979. Studies on parts of the Indonesian active volcanoes, show different eruptive characters, which are generally related to hazard potentials. A new classifi cation of Indonesian active volcanoes was proposed based on the combination of their physical properties, morphology, volcanic structure and eruptive styles to the eight differents types, those are Tambora (caldera formation, Merapi (lava dome, Agung (open crater, Papandayan (sector failure, Batur (post-caldera activities, Sangeangapi (lava fl ows and Anak Krakatau types (volcano islands and submarine volcano. This classification would be make a better understanding to different characteristics of Indonesian active volcanoes, for the volcanic hazard and mitigation and also for the applied volcanological researches.  

  9. Isolation and Identification of mould inhabiting plant rizosphere in Gunung Mutis Natural Reserve, East Nusa Tenggara

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUHAMMAD ILYAS

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia as one of the megabiodiversity country has high biodiversity of plants, animals, and microbes. One of the microbe’s biodiversity is mould inhabiting plant rhizosphere. Research and exploration on mould inhabiting plant rhizosphere in Gunung Mutis Natural Reserve, NTT has never been conducted before. The objective of the study was to isolate and identify mould inhabiting several horticulture and reforestation plants rhizosphere in Gunung Mutis Natural Reserve, NTT. The mould isolation method was based on direct inoculation. The result showed that eight moulds genera with several species variants had been isolated. The isolated moulds genera were; Aspergillus, Cephalosporium, Cunninghamella, Eupenicillium, Fusarium (2 species, Paecilomyces, Penicillium (5 species, and Trichoderma.

  10. Komposisi Spesies dan Dominasi Nyamuk Anopheles di Kaki Gunung Merapi, Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adil Ustiawan

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Turi merupakan salah satu Kecamatan di Kabupaten Sleman yang secara geografis terletak disebelah selatan lereng Gunung Merapi. Bagian timur dari Kecamatan Turi berbatasan dengan Kecamatan Pakem, bagian selatan berbatasan dengan Kecamatan Sleman, bagian barat berbatasan dengan Kecamatan Tempel. Karakteristik topografi Kecamatan Turi didominasi daerah perbukitan dengan ketinggian rata-rata 550 m dpl. Kecamatan Turi memiliki luas wilayah 4.309 Ha di bagi menjadi empat desa dengan total jumlahpenduduk 34.324 jiwa.Turi mempunyai keragaman spesies nyamuk yang melimpah dengan didukung faktor-faktor lingkungan yang sesuai perkembangbiakan baik vektor maupun non vektor. Hal inilah yang melatarbelakangi penulisan tentang " Komposisi Spesies dan Dominasi Nyamuk Anopheles di Kaki GunungMerapi, Sleman, Daerah lstimewa Yogyakarta".Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran komposisi spesies dan dominasi nyamuk di Turi, dengan harapan dapat dimanfaatkan untuk kepentingan pemberantasan vektor dalam rangka sistem kewaspadaan dini untuk mengendalikan kejadian malaria.

  11. New Record Marsdenia tenacissima (Asclepiadoideae, Apocynaceae In Gunung Ijo Baturagung Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widodo Widodo

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Marsdenia tenacissima population were found among wild bushes at S 07 o 47’ 03.4”; E 110o 30’ 48.0” about 415 meter above sea level in Gunung Ijo Baturagung Yogyakarta. Identification was based on literature and herbarium specimen. The research was conduct using exploration methods, morphoanatomical observation, and specimen collection. Marsdenia tenacissima in Jawa was not reported in Flora of Java. Marsdenia tenacissima habitus was liana. The specific character for its identification was pollinia’s structure. This paper presented other important character namely leaf, stem, flower, pollinia, and fruit of Marsdenia tenacissima in Gunung Ijo Baturagung Yogyakarta. Accurate description and examination of any plant species were needed for its conservation and awareness of public to local biodiversity.

  12. Thermoluminescence dating studies at Gua Tok Long, Gunung Senyum, Temerloh, Pahang

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rosli Mahat

    2004-01-01

    The paper discussed the thermoluminescence dating studies carried-out by the researchers from Physics Department, University Malaya. One of these dating studies was done at a cave of the mountain, Gua Tok Long, Gunung Senyum, Temerloh, Pahang, Malaysia. The result presents a straight line of Age vs Height graph. It shows the particulates and dirts of the cave atmosphere landed at constant rate on the cave floor without an erosion

  13. Model Arsitektur Enterprise Untuk Mendukung Sistem Informasi Pada Universitas Gunung Leuser Kutacane Aceh Tenggara

    OpenAIRE

    Santoso, Fakhrurrazi

    2012-01-01

    Business competition is increasingly fierce among universities in Indonesia encourages stakeholders to provide the best possible service including provision of information. Architecture on the data, systems and technology is needed to establish reliable systems. Method of Enterprise Architectur Planning (EAP) is a method used in the design of information systems at the University of Gunung Leuser Kutacane Aceh Tenggara. The results of the design with the EAP method to get the number of entit...

  14. The Importance of Forest and Landscape Resource for Community Around Gunung Lumut Protected Forest, East Kalimantan

    OpenAIRE

    Murniati, Murniati; Padmanaba, Michael; Basuki, Imam

    2009-01-01

    The forest of Gunung Lumut in Pasir District, East Kalimantan was designated for a protection forest in 1983. It is surrounded by 15 villages and one settlement lies inside it. Communities in those villages are dependent upon the landscape and forest resources mainly for non timber forest products. This study was focused on the perception of the communities on the importance of the landscape and forests. The study was conducted in two settlements, located in and outside (near) the ...

  15. Institutional Role in Gunung Walat Educational Forest Policy: Discourse and Historical Approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yulius Hero

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Institutional science with various approaches have been used in analysing forest policy at international level and in Indonesia. This research used institutional science with discourse and historical approach for the policy of Forest Territory with Special Purpose (Kawasan Hutan dengan Tujuan Khusus, KHDTK. This research study the KHDTK case of Gunung Walat Educational Forest (Hutan Pendidikan Gunung Walat, HPGW. The goal of this research is to understand discourse/narration of policy and describe the policy space for HPGW and KHDTK. Institutional analysis in this research used discourse and historical approach. Discourse analysis used IDS model supported with Wittmer-Birner model and Eden-Ackermann diagram. On the other hand,  historical approach used the historical relationship. The research outcome showed that the process of creating HPGW policy is not linear, but being affected by policy discourse/narration in the process of creating HPGW policy. Faculty of Forestry IPB has been successfully managing HPGW because of the success to build policy discourse/narration which is supported by the knowledge of HPGW managers, cooperation network, and interest and power.  Meanwhile, external party perceived and believed the importance of HPGW management for forestry education. The success key of HPGW policy is in structuring the institution that control the behavior of HPGW managers, so the managers obtained trust from third parties to create interest alliances which can boost HPGW management performance. HPGW policy can be used to fulfill KHDTK policy space according to Article 8, Forestry Law Number 41 Year 1999.Keywords: discourse, history, institution, Gunung Walat Educational Forest (HPGW, forest territory with special purpose (KHDTK

  16. An Update on the Avifauna of Gunung Lumut Protection Forest (East Kalimantan) reinforcing the Potential Conservation Value of Hutan adat

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wielstra, B.; Boorsma, T.; Pieterse, S.M.

    2012-01-01

    We provide results of a second survey of the hutan adat (forest traditionally exploited on a small scale by local people) situated in the Gunung Lumut Protection Forest, East Kalimantan, conducted in 2007 and closely following the first survey in 2005 (Wielstra & Pieterse 2009. Kukila 14: 1-15). An

  17. The habits and populations of terrestrial crabs (Brachyura: Gecarcinucoidea and Grapsoidea) in the Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Collins, N.M.

    1980-01-01

    Four species of terrestrial crabs, Perbrinckia loxophthalma (De Man), Thelphasula granosa Holthuis, T. baramensis (De Man) and Geosesarma gracillimum (De Man) were caught in pitfall traps in forested alluvial plains in the Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak. The density of a monospecific population

  18. Site attraction as a representation of heritage tourism: Case study of Gunung Padang Site, Cianjur, West - Java

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subakti, A. G.; Pratomo, Aditya; Triana, Ika; Khrisnanto, Iwan

    2018-03-01

    Heritage Tourism is used for experiencing the heritage of city, region, state or country. This travel enables the tourist to learn about local customs, traditions, history and culture. One of the tourist attractions in Cianjur, where an ancient historical megalithic site named Situs Gunung Padang could be found. Situs Gunung Padang which consists of five terraces and five levels, completely built stones. This site is the largest megalithic site in Southeast Asia. There is an enormous tourism potential owned by this site because it expresses and preserving ancient Sundanese cultural in the megalithic era. But the potential of this site seems haven’t made as a tourist attraction compared with Borobudur or Prambanan Temple. The purpose of this research is to analyze the existence of Gunung Padang site as a heritage tourism with SWOT approach to discover what factors need to be repaired. The result of this research is showing that Gunung Padang site has a huge potential if the regional governments and the locals can contribute to preserve and making this site as a tourist attraction.

  19. BIODEGRADASI POLIETILENA MENGGUNAKAN BAKTERI DARI TPA (TEMPAT PEMBUANGAN AKHIR GUNUNG TUGEL KABUPATEN BANYUMAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zusfahair

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Plastic has high potency to become material that much threats human living in this earth, because made from chemical which cannot degraded by microbes in environment. The successful production and marketing of biodegradable plastics will help alleviate the problem of environmental pollution. One of biodegradable plastic that used in our live is polyethylene. This research reveals that local microbes capable to degrading of polyethylene. Biodegradation test was carried out by using bacteria in soil which was obtained from Gunung Tugel disposal center, Banyumas regency. Kind of polyethylene is LDPE (Low Density Polyethylene which was obtained from Setiakawan Plastic Factory, Kalibogor, Purwokerto formed to thin film. Characterization of the polyethylene used weight loss percentage method, melting point determination and FTIR. Soil bacteria isolated from Gunung Tugel disposal center, Banyumas regency, obtained 5 single colonies, which coded GT. Bacteria isolate which have highest activity in degrading polyethylene was GT 3, with increasing the time of incubation. Weight loss percentage up to 2.33% in 1 month. Melting point of polyethylene after biodegradation was decreased that initially 210-220 °C into 210-213 °C. FTIR spectrophotometer result of polyethylene after biodegradation showed intensity for methylene and methyl cluster was decreased.

  20. Adherence and Quality of Life of Hypertension Patients in Gunung Jati Hospital, Cirebon, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dyah A.Perwitasari

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The treatment effectiveness of hypertension could be influenced by patients’ characteristics and patients’ adherence with medication. Besides reaching the goal of blood pressure decrease after the treatment, their quality of life has become the main concern regarding effectiveness of hypertension treatment. This study aimed to explore the hypertension patients’ adherence and quality of life. In addition, it was studied which factors associated with adherence and quality of life in hypertension patients treated with antihypertensive at Gunung Jati Hospital, Cirebon. We recruited 85 adult hypertension patients who were treated with antihypertensive agents for at least 6 months. The patients’ adherence was measured by Medication Adherence Report Scale and the patients’ quality of life was measured by Indonesian version of Short Form-36 questionnaire. The patients’ adherence was found as 24.03 (SD: 1.98 and there were no significant differences of patients’ adherence using monotherapy and combination therapy. The patients’ characteristics such as, age, gender and education level could not predict patients’ adherence (p>0.05. The average of Physical Component Summary (PCS and Mental Component Summary (MCS were 43.35 (SD: 9.4 and 52.13 (SD:5.59. Age and gender may predict PCS, however, education and comorbidity may predict MCS (p<0.05. Hypertension patients’ adherence in Gunung Jati hospital is good. The PCS and MCS scores in this study are comparable to the other previous studies. The patients’ characteristic could not be the predictor of patients’ adherence.

  1. KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS TUMBUHAN OBAT PADA PLOT CUPLIKAN DI HUTAN TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG GEDE PANGRANGO, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irpan Fahrurozi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Hutan Taman Nasional Gunung Gede Pangrango (TNGGP merupakan kawasan yang kaya akan keanekaragaman jenis tumbuhan obat. Hal tersebut disebabkan tanah yang subur dan iklim mikro hutan tropis yang lembab di kawasan ini. Jenis-jenis tumbuhan obat yang beragam ini perlu dikaji potensi dan penyebarannya untuk menjaga kelestarian dan keberlanjutannya. Pengambilan sampel tumbuhan menggunakan metode kuadrat berukuran 2x2 m2, 5x5 m2, 10x10 m2, dan 20x20 m2 pada ketinggian 1400, 1500, dan 1600 meter di atas permukaan laut (m dpl. Tumbuhan diidentifikasi secara langsung menggunakan buku identifikasi tumbuhan obat dan jasa parataksonom. Metode wawancara dilakukan terhadap masyarakat lokal di sekitar hutan TNGGP yang memiliki pengetahuan tentang pemanfaatan tumbuhan obat. Data dianalisis secara kuantitatif dengan Excel 2007 dan dideskripsikan bagian tumbuhan yang dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan baku obat. Tumbuhan obat yang berhasil diidentifikasi sejumlah 45 jenis yang termasuk ke dalam 40 marga dan 29 suku. Suku dengan anggota terbanyak yaitu 4 jenis ditemukan pada Urticaceae, sedangkan suku lainnya beranggotakan satu hingga tiga jenis. Anggota suku Urticaceae diyakini dapat digunakan dalam pengobatan demam, batuk, mata, organ vital wanita, dan anti kanker. Bagian tumbuhan yang banyak dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan baku obat adalah daun (42% dibandingkan akar, batang, bunga, dan buah. Tingkat keanekaragaman tumbuhan obat tergolong sedang (1≤H’≤3. Kekayaan jenis tumbuhan berperawakan herba tergolong tinggi (R’>5, pancang dan pohon tergolong sedang (R’=3,5─5, dan tiang berkategori rendah (R’<3,5. Informasi tentang potensi tumbuhan obat di hutan TNGGP diharapkan dapat dimanfaatkan oleh masyarakat sekitar kawasan pada khususnya dan mendukung upaya konservasi agar tetap terjaga kelestariannya.  Abstract Mount Gede Pangrango National Park stores tremendous of medicinal plants due to soil fertility and humid microclimate of tropical forest. This

  2. FAKOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PROKRASTINASI AKADEMIK PADA MAHASISWA FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UIN SUNAN GUNUNG DJATI BANDUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Hanifah Fauziah

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the factors that influence academic procrastination among student as well as make the measuring instrument for academic procrastination. The research method was mixed method with exploratory sequential design. The study was conducted at the Faculty of Psychology UIN Sunan Gunung Jati Bandung with the number of respondents was 113 subjects chosen by disproportionate stratified random sampling. Technical analysis of qualitative data using interactive models while quantitative data using lisrel item analysis to confirm which factors have strong correlation with academic procrastination. The results obtained there were three factors that cause procrastination: physical, psychological, and environmental, with a correlation value for confirmatory analysis as follows 0.50 for the physical aspect, 0.55 for psychological aspects and environmental aspects with 0.92.

  3. Tree culture of smallholder farmers practicing agroforestry in Gunung Salak Valley, West Java, Indonesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rahman, Syed Ajijur; Sunderland, Terry; Roshetko, James M.

    2016-01-01

    This paper investigates the types of agroforestry system that exist in Gunung Salak Valley, West Java, Indonesia in order to characterize the differences in their basic structure and associated crop plant diversity. Data were collected through rapid rural appraisal, field observation and focus...... groups, followed by household survey of a sample of 20 agroforestry farmers. Five main agroforestry systems (homegardens, fruit tree system, timber tree system, mixed fruit–timber system, and cropping in the forest understory) exist in the study area, and all of them exhibit a noticeable diversity...... in terms of both species composition and utilization. Products from farming accounted for an average 24 % of household income. They comprised agroforestry products which contributed IDR 3.25 million/year and other agricultural products contributing IDR 1.66 million/year. The observed agroforestry systems...

  4. Profil Darah dan Nilai Hematologi Domba Lokal yang Dipelihara di Hutan Pendidikan Gunung Walat Sukabumi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.A. Astuti

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Blood profil and hematological status of local sheep under the gunung walat education forest area Sukabumi ABSTRACT. Gunung Walat Education Forest (HPGW is one of special forest which integrated with farm system (Agrosilvopastural. This forest is heterogeneous which dominated with agathis, damar and pinus trees. To support the farming system is needed basic data haematology and blood profil of sheep that lived in HPGW. This research was aimed to evaluate haematological values covering Red Blood Cell, haemoglobin, Packed Cell Volume, MCV, MCH, MCHC and blood nutrient profil of lambs and ewes fed with mixed grass which is grow surrounding HPGW. Evaluation were done on 5 productive ewes and 5 male lambs 5-6 month ages, before and after eating time. The result showed that RBC of the lamb was (7.57 0.40 x 106/mm3 and for ewes was (5.71 0.05 x 106/mm3. Hb of lamb was (7.21 0.27 g/100ml and for ewes was (6.62 0.54 g/100ml, PCV of lamb was (28.10 7.21 % and ewes was (26.80 3.42 %, MCV of lamb was (32.68 1,23 fl and ewes was (50.91 1.53 fl, MCH of lamb was (10.82 0.47 pg and ewes was (12.93 0.29 pg, MCHC of lamb was (27,53 4.70% and for ewes was (25.54 1.57 %. There were no significant difference on haematological values before and after feeding time except for Packed Cell Volume (P< 0.05. The clinical result showed that lambs was suffering normocytic hypochromic anaemia and adults was suffering macrocytic hypochromic anaemia. Glucose level and total blood protein were at normal level while blood triglyseride concentration was lower than normal ewes concentration.

  5. Litter Decomposition Rate of Karst Ecosystem at Gunung Cibodas, Ciampea Bogor Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sethyo Vieni Sari

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to know the productivity of litter and litter decomposition rate in karst ecosystem. This study was conducted on three altitude of 200 meter above sea level (masl, 250 masl and 300 masl in karst ecosystem at Gunung Cibodas, Ciampea, Bogor. Litter productivity measurement performed using litter-trap method and litter-bag method was used to know the rate of decomposition. Litter productivity measurement results showed that the highest total of litter productivity measurement results was on altitude of 200 masl (90.452 tons/ha/year and the lowest was on altitude of 300 masl (25.440 tons/ha/year. The litter productivity of leaves (81.425 ton/ha/year showed the highest result than twigs (16.839 ton/ha/year, as well as flowers and fruits (27.839 ton/ha/year. The rate of decomposition was influenced by rainfall. The decomposition rate and the decrease of litter dry weight on altitude of 250 masl was faster than on the altitude of 200 masl and 300 masl. The dry weight was positively correlated to the rate of decomposition. The lower of dry weight would affect the rate of decomposition become slower. The average of litter C/N ratio were ranged from 28.024%--28.716% and categorized as moderate (>25. The finding indicate that the rate of decomposition in karst ecosystem at Gunung Cibodas was slow and based on C/N ratio of litter showed the mineralization process was also slow.

  6. KERENTANAN AIRTANAH TERHADAP PENCEMARAN DAERAH IMBUHAN PONOR DI KARST GUNUNG SEWU (STUDI DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI BAWAH TANAH BRIBIN) (Ground Water Vulnerability to Contamination of Swallow Holes Recharge Area at Gunung Sewu Karst (Study in Bribin)

    OpenAIRE

    Widyastuti, M.; Sudarmadji, Sudarmadji; Sutikno, Sutikno; Hendrayana, Heru

    2014-01-01

    ABSTRAK Airtanah karst merupakan salah satu sumbedaya alam yang potensial di kawasan karst Gunung Sewu. Di sisi lain, akuifer karst sangat rentan terhadap pencemaran. Sungai Bawah Tanah Bribin menjadi sumber air utama untuk masyarakat khususnya untuk mendukung kebutuhan air di musim kemarau. Tujuan pene1itian ini adalah: 1) mengetahui karakteristik daerah imbuhan ponor me1alui identifikasi variabel kerentanan (kondisi ponor, lereng, vegetasi, tanah dan batuan); dan 2) mengetahui tingkat k...

  7. KERAGAMAN KOMUNITAS TUMBUHAN DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG CIREMAI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Decky Indrawan Junaedi

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Research on vegetation characteristics and vegetation community similarities was conducted in Mount Ciremai National Park. Three vegetation communities found in the southern part of this National Park, i.e. Parigi-Paguyangan Badak-Acip area (PPA, Karamat Purnajiwa area (KP and Karamat Sanghiang area (KS, Kuningan, West Java, were investigated. Quadrant method with 10 observation plots per ha was used for vegetation analysis whereas the Jaccard and Sorensen similarity indices were used to evaluate community similarities among the three locations. Vegetation community in PPA (1.100 — 1.580 m asl was highly dominated by Castanopsis argentea (saninten. This was quite different with the vegetation communities of KP and KS (1.000 — 1.200 m asl that were dominated by Horsfieldia glabra (kalapa ciung and several other co-dominant species, such as Sterculia sp., Ficus benjamina and Ficus glabella. Further analysis using Jaccard Similarity Index (lsj showed that the vegetation communities of KP and KS had a relatively high similarity.

  8. Pengaruh Disiplin Kerja Dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Prestasi Kerja Karyawan (Studi Pada PT Bpr Gunung Ringgit Malang)

    OpenAIRE

    Permatasari, Jundah Ayu

    2015-01-01

    The background of this research is the implication of work discipline and work motivation due to increasing employee work achievement. The objective of this research is to explain the influence of variable of Work Dicipline and Work Motivation simultaneously and partially on Employee Work Achievement. The research type is explanatory research.This research use saturated sampling. The instrument that used in this research is questionnaire which is distributed to 30 employees of PT BPR Gunung R...

  9. VARIASI STRUKTUR DAN KOMPOSISI POHON PADA PETAK-PETAK CUPLIKAN VEGETASI DI KAWASAN GUNUNG SEKINCAU BUKIT BARISAN SELATAN, LAMPUNG BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saniyatun Mar’atus Solihah

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Salah satu lokasi di Taman Nasional Bukit Barisan Selatan (TNBBS yang belum banyak diteliti adalah di kawasan Gunung Sekincau pada ketinggian 1100–1719 m dpl. Kawasan ini termasuk dalam kategori hutan hujan pegunungan bawah. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui variasi struktur dan komposisi pohon di kawasan hutan Gunung Sekincau TNBBS. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui penarikan petak-petak cuplikan yang dibuat secara acak terpilih (purposive random sampling pada 5 lokasi sebanyak 10 petak cuplikan berukuran 50 x 50 m2 atau seluas 0,25 ha. Hasil penelitian menemukan 32 suku 59 marga dan 89 jenis dengan kerapatan 253 ind/ha. Kawasan Gunung Sekincau memiliki kondisi yang cukup baik, hal ini diindikasikan dengan nilai rata-rata indeks keanekaragaman jenis (2,67 dan indeks kemerataan jenis (0,47. Pohon yang sering ditemukan di kawasan ini adalah anggota suku Lauraceae, Fagaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Dipterocarpaceae, Myrtaceae, dan Rubiaceae. Quercus blumeana Korth. (kayu pasang merupakan jenis penting (INP=27.18% dan memiliki persebaran luas pada kawasan Sekincau. Hutan di kawasan ini mempunyai peranan yang penting bagi penyangga kehidupan dan lingkungan. Maka dari itu, pengelola TNBBS dapat meningkatkan penjagaan dan pemeliharaan kawasan serta vegetasi di dalamnya. Terlebih kawasan Sekincau berbatasan langsung dengan pemukiman penduduk, sehingga diperlukan pengelolaan secara berkelenajutan guna memenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat sekitar.

  10. Alien Plant Species Mountain Endemic Tree Species in Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Utomo

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Up to now, montane rain forest of Gunung Gede-Pangrango National Park, faces problem in the form of invasion of exotic plant species into the area.  Location of the area that borders with various land uses, such as Botanical Garden and agricultural land, make it very susceptible toward invasion of plant species from outside the area.  The collapse of large trees which normally constitute a mechanism of natural regeneration, was in fact stimulating the development of exotic species, particularly those which were invasive, inside the area. The objective of this research was to test the competitive ability of endemic species, which in this case was represented by Cleystocalyx operculata and Mischocarpus pentapetalus, toward exotic plant species, represented by Austroeupatoriun inulaefolium and Passiflora ligularis, during 5 months of study.  Growth rate of exotic plant species, as well as the dry weight biomass, were larger than those of endemic species.  Indirect estimation of competitive ability showed that competitive ability (β of endemic species were 4-5 times less, namely 0.0274 (for C. operculata and 0.0251 (for M. pentapetalus; as compared with those of exotic species, namely 0.125 (for P. ligularis and 0.1104 (for A. inulaefolium.  Direct test also proved that competitive ability (β of endemic species was lower than that of exotic species, as shown by relative crowding value   Estimation of future competitive ability, using diagram of input/ output ratio, showed also the disability of endemic species to compete with exotic species, where position of input/output ratio points were parallel with equilibrium line y=x. Considering those facts, there is urgent need for controlling these invasive exotic species inside the National Park area to maintain the sustainability of biodiversity and regeneration of endemic species in montane rain forest of Gunung Gede–Pangrango National Park.    Keywords: endemic, exotic, invasion

  11. DISTRIBUTION OF Hoya multiflora Blume AT GUNUNG GEDE PANGRANGO NATIONAL PARK, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Rahayu

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Hoya multiflora is one of the valuable germplasm in Indonesia that has been utilized as ornamental and medicinal plant. This epiphytic plant faces problems in decreasing habitat. As a means for developing a habitat framework for describing the distributions and ecological relations of H.multiflora at Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park, Bogor, Indonesia, ecological study of this species was established over the ranges of altitudes and characteristic vegetation structural types (primary and secondary forest, and plantation present in the Park. Recognizing the fact that such study requires multidisciplinar y data, this paper explores the evidences from both herbarium sheets and field observations. The result of the study showed that the population of this species was only found at the Bodogol Research Station at elevation of 700 - 900 m above sea level (a.s.l.. Thus, the facts contradict with the evidence from the herbarium sheets of the Herbarium Bogoriense which have presumed that this species has a wide variation of altitudinal range from 20 to 1500 m a.s.l. (Indonesia or 200 - 1400 m a.s.l. ( Java. The Bodogol’s population showed the clumped type of dispersion (Morisita’s Index = 1.35, which indicated such environment that was characterized by patchy resources. Direction and speed of wind coupled with the topography are ecological factors that affect to the distribution of this parachute typed seeds of the H.multiflora.

  12. WILAYAH JELAJAH DAN TERITORI OWA JAWA (Hylobates moloch DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG HALIMUN-SALAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mia Clarissa Dewi

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Javan gibbon is endemic and endangered primate of Java. The research aims to map home ranges and territories of three habituated javan gibbons (Goup A, B and S in Gunung Halimun-Salak National Park from March to July 2015. This finding will support the conservation management for javan gibbon. The mapping of those areas was determined by following the groups for 541 hours and analyzed the data using minimum convex polygon. The home range average of the three groups was 33,41 ha (Group A = 23,7 ha; B = 43,8 ha; and S = 32,7 ha. The largest home range had the lowest food tree densities (50 ind/ha. The average of territory was 0,57 ha (Group A = 0,4 ha; B = 0,8 ha; and S = 0,4 ha. The territory areas had food tree densities in higher (116,7 ind/ha compare to the home ranges (76,7 ind/ha. The large territory area had low food tree densities (90 ind/ha, otherwise the small territory area had high food densities (Group A 160 ind/ha; Group S 110 ind/ha.Keywords: habitat, home range, javan gibbon, territory

  13. PERAN PEMANGKU KEPENTINGAN DALAM PELAKSANAAN MODEL DESA KONSERVASI DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG RINJANI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi Chairil Ichsan

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Pengembangan Model Desa Konservasi (MDK  di Taman Nasional Gunung Rinjani (TNGR diharapkan dapat meningkatkan keberdayaan masyarakat, namun fakta di lapangan program MDK belum berjalan optimal.  Hasil laporan MDK di TNGR juga memberikan gambaran bahwa kolaborasi pengelolaan MDK tidak berjalan dengan baik. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk memberikan gambaran terkait kolaborasi dalam pelaksanaan MDK di TNGR. Penelitian ini difokuskan  pada dua desa yaitu  Desa Pesangrahan  dan Desa Santong. Pelaksanaan penelitian ini dimulai sejak bulan Mei sampai Juli tahun 2016 dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling dalam proses  pengumpulan datanya. Kemudian data yang terkumpul  dianalisis secara deskriptif  terkait kepentingan dan pengaruh masing-masing aktor serta pandangannya terhadap pelaksanaan MDK. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa proses kolaborasi yang dijalankan dalam pengembangan MDK belum berjalan optimal. Pihak BTNGR menjadi figur sentral dalam pelaksanaan MDK, baik dari aspek perencanaan sampai pada pelaksanaanya di lapangan. Dengan demikian, diperlukan pengembangan proses kolaborasi yang lebih luas, jelas, terstruktur dalam mendorong keterlibatan stakeholders untuk  mengoptimalkan pelaksanaan MDK di TNGR.

  14. PENGEMBANGAN PROGRAM EKOWISATA DI RESORT MANDALAWANGI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG GEDE PANGRANGO KABUPATEN CIANJUR JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iyat Sudrajat

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Development of Ecotourism Program at Mandalawangi Resort of Mount Gede Pangrango National Park (TNGGP is done by optimizing the supply of tourist collaborated with tourist demand. Tourism resource most interesting at Resort Mandalawangi namely Puncak Gunung Gede - Pangrango then others are rare animals such as Leopards java (Panthera pardus is the key species and Javan Gibbon (Hylobates Molloch as a flagship species, as well as waterfalls, crater, Blue Lake, and Gayonggong Swamp. Social and cultural potential of a pattern of community life Sundanese-oriented agriculture as well as the existence of the mythical legend of the kingdom in TNGGP. Visitors dominant male, student status with the last education of SMP / MTs, 16-20-year-old, from Bekasi to have the motivation tends to settle for pleasure. Assess visitors tend not to know that TNGGP have ecotourism program that School Visit, Visit to School, Conservation Camp, Local Content Filling Material Environmental Education / Nature Conservation and Environmental Education for Teachers, Farmers, and the Young Generation. The concept of program development of ecotourism in Resort Mandalawangi using the theme "TNGGP, Cultured Conservation Area". This concept will focus on the utilization of resources and nature taking into consideration the safety of visitors as well as integrate with shades of Sundanese culture around tourism area Cibodas. Another aspect that needs to be developed to support the promotion of ecotourism programs, establish Sundanese cultural nuances and supporting infrastructure at KWC, strengthening human resources ecotourism program managers. Keywords: development, ecotourism, potential, program, TNGGP

  15. Study on Orchid Diversity in Gunung Simpang Nature Reserve, West Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DWI MURTI PUSPITANINGTYAS

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Gunung Simpang Nature Reserve is located in West Java Province. It covers a 15.000 hectare area of highland forest, the altitude range between 800 to 1823 m asl. Orchid inventory and exploration were conducted to study orchid diversity in this conservation areas. Living plant was collected for ex situ conservation purpose in Botanic Garden. Observation on the population of terrestrial and epiphyte orchid was also done to study the dominant orchid in that area. It was recorded that there were 137 orchid species belonging to 51 genera, 95 species of which were epiphytes and 42 other species were terrestrial orchids. 134 species of which were collected in Cibodas Botanic Garden, which is suitable place for highland plant. The most dominant terrestrial orchid was Plocoglottis javanica. Other species were also abundantly found, such as Phaius pauciflorus, Liparis rheedii, Diglyphosa latifolia, Neuwiedia zollingeri var. javanica, Calanthe ceciliae, C. speciosa and Phaius callosus. Some epiphyte orchids were very common found, that are Agrostophyllum majus, Coelogyne speciosa, Dendrobium mutabile, Agrostophyllum bicuspidatum, Pholidota ventricosa and Eria javanica. Some attractive orchids are potential for ornamental plant, such as Vanda tricolor, Phaius callosus, Phaius tankervilleae, Arundina graminifolia, Bulbophyllum lobbii, Coelogyne speciosa, Calanthe ceciliae, Calanthe triplicata and Calanthe speciosa.

  16. Komunitas Kelelawar (Ordo Chiroptera di Beberapa Gua Karst Gunung Kendeng Kabupaten Pati Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Tamasuki

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The existance of bats in cave type with diverge managerial system are influenced abundance and species bats. This research was conducted from January to June 2012 that counting abundance and to identify bats at Gunung Kendeng Karst Area Pati Central Java. The bats were collected by using mist net and stalk net at flying track surrounding cave’s mouth of Pancur Cave, Serut Cave, Bandung Cave, Pawon Cave, Larangan Cave and Gantung Cave. Bats abundance at Pancur Cave amount  ±  484 bats, Serut Cave amount ± 1233 bats, Bandung Cave amount ± 715 bats, Pawon Cave amount ± 392 bats, Larangan Cave ± 23 bats and Gantung Cave ± 5 bats. The six species were collected from this research, such as Cyanopterus horsfieldii, Hipposederos larvatus, Hipposideros bicolor, Rhinolophus affinis, Murina suilla dan Miniopterus australis. The analyst result is used Diversity Index of Shannon-Wiennner showed the highest diversity at Pancur Cave (H=0,35054 and the lowest at Gantung Cave (H=0,13633. Similarity index of shannon Evenness is showed the highest similarity at Pancur Cave (E=0,50572 and the lowest at Larangan Cave (E=0. Domination index of simpson is showed the highest domination at Pancur Cave (C=0,06805  and the lowest at Gantung Cave (C=0,00189. Hipposederos larvatus and Miniopterus australis are species that common and often founded during this research.

  17. ANALISIS PROKSIMAT DAN ASAM OKSALAT PADA PELEPAH DAUN TALAS BENENG LIAR DI KAWASAN GUNUNG KARANG, BANTEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuniek Hermita

    2018-01-01

    Talas beneng (Xanthasoma undipes K.Kock or also known as Tall elephant ear is a typical local taro from Gunung Karang area, Banten Province, it belong to the genus Xanthosoma and has been used as a source of local food. This study aims to determine the nutrient and oxalic acid content of wild taro leaves different altitude. It was 400 and 800 m above sea level (asl. The research was conducted from March to June 2017. Parameters observed in this study are  proximate and oxalic acid analysis. Proximate analysis conducted in this study include analysis of water content, ash, protein, fat, and carbohydrates. The results showed that at 400 m asl taro bark had water content (92.24%, ash (0.30%, protein (0.30%, fat (0%, carbohydrate (7.16% and oxalic acid (0.217%. On the other hand, at 800 m asl the taro bark has water content (92.38%, ash (0.74%, protein (0.21%, fat (0%, carbohydrate (6.67% and oxalic acid (0.117%. Taro bark found at an 400 m asl contains higher concentration of protein, carbohydrates and oxalic acid than that of 800 m asl.

  18. WISATA ALAM TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG HALIMUN SALAK: SOLUSI KEPENTINGAN EKOLOGI DAN EKONOMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meti Ekayani

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The extended of Gunung Halimun Salak National Park (TNGHS coverage area pose a conflict of interest which is trade-off between the interests of the TNGHS main functions as conservation areas (ecological interests and interests of local people who use the forest for economic needs. One of the intangible environmental services of TNGHS is natural tourism in the used zone which can be a win-win solution alternative to the trade off of conservation and economic interests in conservation area. Natural tourism in national parks is a payments for ecosystem services (PES scheme that will provide added value, both conservation and economic benefits as non-exploited activity that will not endanger the national parks preservation. Therefore, in this study, how the natural tourism activities in TNGHS can support conservation and local economic improvement is examined. The high economic value of tourism and economic impact i.e. multiplier effect and job opportunity demonstrate that natural tourism in TNGHS as environmental services is very important. Natural resources and the beauty of nature in TNGHS should be preserved to keep the sustainability of natural tourism, because without the conservation of natural resource thus will be no natural tourism, which means there will be no economic benefit to the community.

  19. Pemetaan Satwa Mangsa Harimau Sumatera (Panthera Tigris Sumatrae) Di Taman Nasional Gunung Leuser (SPTN Wilayah Vi Besitang)

    OpenAIRE

    Priatmijo, Ricky Darmawan

    2011-01-01

    Mapping of the Sumatran tiger prey species (Panthera tigris sumatrae) conducted in Taman Gunung Leuser Nasoinal SPTN Besitang Region VI. This research was conducted from March 2010 until April 2011 as a purpose to map the exisiting of sumatran tiger prey species and to determine the frequency of appears of species based on altitude (masl) and land cover types. Mapping method of prey animals is done by using camera traps and the program Arc-View 3.3. Camera traps set in pairs in each cell and ...

  20. Characterizing Social Interactions and Grouping Patterns of Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelii in the Gunung Leuser National Park, Sumatra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JITO SUGARDJITO

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The character of social interactions and grouping patterns of Sumatran orangutans (Pongo abelii have been studied in Ketambe research station of the Gunung Leuser National Park, Sumatra. A total number of 141 groupings and 47 incidences of interactive behavior were observed during the course of study. The character of groups (feeding group or travel-band and the type of food trees (fig tree or fruit tree appear to influence the interactive behavior of individual orangutans. Intolerance behavior has been characterized by feeding group in large fig trees, whereas tolerance and sexual behavior were shown mostly in travel-band.

  1. Peranan Biaya Advertising Dan Biaya Sales Promotion Dalam Meningkatkan Nilai Penjualan Pada PT. Gunung Agung Di Bandar Lampung

    OpenAIRE

    -, Zuriana

    2015-01-01

    CV Gunung Agung established since 1990 is a company which is a branch of PT. Great Mountain Center. As a branch company, product and price has been arranged so that the uniformity of the product and the price is no different in different regions. During the establishment of this company until this year the company has not been able to achieve the sales target has been set from the center. While promotional activities in the form of advertising and sales promotion to achieve the sales target c...

  2. KINERJA PEMBANGUNAN KEPARIWISATAAN DI DESA KEBUN DURIAN KECAMATAN GUNUNG SAHILAN KABUPATEN KAMPAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Surya Dailiati

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Presiden Republik Indonesia Joko Widodo telah menargetkan jumlah wisatawan mancanegara pada tahun 2016 ini mencapai 20 juta jiwa ke Indonesia. Berbagai program tengah diupayakan untuk mewujudkannya. Hal ini perlu pula didukung oleh pemerintah daerah termasuk Pemerintah Kabupaten Kampar. Sebab di Kabupaten ini terdapat salah satu objek wisata unggulan yang belum terkelola dengan baik namun sudah terkenal. Sebut saja Kebun Durian yang terletak di Kecamatan Gunung Sahilan Kabupaten Kampar, Riau.Tujuan kegiatan penelitian ini adalah pertama; untuk menganalisis kinerja pembangunan kepariwisataan Kebun Durian di Kabupaten Kampar. Kedua, untuk mengetahui dan menganalisis hambatan pembangunan kepariwisataan Kebun Durian di Kabupaten Kampar.Penelitian dilakukan di Desa Kebun Durian Kecamatan Gunung Sahilan Kabupaten Kampar. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah Aparatur Pemerintah dan pihak terkait. Kepala Desa dijadikan sebagai Key Informance. Teknik penarikan sampel yang digunakan adalah sensus untuk aparatur pemerintah dan teknik aksidental untuk masyarakat. Sumber dan jenis data dalam penelitian ini adalah primer dan sekunder. Data yang telah terkumpul berdasarkan jenis dan bentuk data, untuk selanjutnya data dianalisa secara deskriptif kualitatif.                Dengan berlakunya UU no. 10/2009 Tentang Kepariwisataan, maka dewasa ini Pembangunan Kepariwisataan Indonesia umumnya dan Riau khususnya dilakukan dengan mengacu pada ketentuan-ketentuan UU tersebut.Penyelenggaraan kepariwisataan dilaksanakan berdasarkan berbagai prinsip sebagaimana diamanatkan dalam pasal 5 UU tersebut. Pembangunan kinerja kepariwisataan Kebun Durian di Kabupaten Kampar kurang baik.  Umumnya para responden menjawab kurang baik (14,75 dan cukup baik (14,25 sementara baik (0. Kata Kunci: Kinerja, Pembangunan, Kepariwisataan  Abstract                     President of the Republic of Indonesia Joko Widodo has targeted a number of

  3. MODEL PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT PASCAERUPSI GUNUNG MERAPI DI JAWA TENGAH DAN YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masrukin -

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan membuat model pemberdayaan masyarakat pascaerupsi Gunung Merapi di lokasi yang terkena dampak paling parah yaitu: di Desa Tlogolele Kecamatan Selo Kabupaten Boyolali, Desa Jumuyo Kecamatan Salam Kabupaten Magelang dan Desa Balerante Kecamatan Kemalang Kabupaten Klaten Provinsi Jawa Tengah serta Desa Kepuharjo Kecamatan Cangkringan Kabupaten Sleman Provinsi Yogyakarta. Menggunakan metode Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA untuk melakukan pengkajian keadaan desa secara partisipatif melalui wawancara mendalam, observasi dan focus group discussion (FGD. Hasil penelitian menunjukan dari keempat lokasi, memiliki kesamaan dalam model pemberdayaan yaitu: (1 Masyarakat  membutuhkan serangkaian kegiatan pemberdayaan secara menyeluruh, antara kegiatan penyuluhan, pelatihan dan pendampingan. Karena selama ini, masyarakat telah mendapat penyuluhan, pelatihan dan bantuan, akan tetapi untuk program pendampingan yang dibutuhkan tidak diberikan. Akibatnya kurang mendukung pada keberlanjutan, peningkatan produktivitas dan pemasaran.  (2 Masyarakat membutuhkan lembaga koperasi yang memiliki badan hukum sebagai pusat usaha perekonomian untuk memenuhi kebutuhan permodalan, bahan baku, dan akses jaringan pemasaran. (3 Masyarakat membutuhkan pelatihan secara periodik dan penguatan kembali kelompok siaga bencana di tingkat desa. AbstractThis research aims to create empowerment model after the eruption of Mount Merapi in locations most severely affected: Tlogolele Village of Selo District in Boyolali Regency, Jumoyo Village of Salam District in Magelang Regency and  Balerante Village in Kemalang District of Klaten Regency in Central Java Province and Kepuharjo Village of Cangkringan District in Sleman Regency in Yogyakarta Province. The research used Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA method for assessing participatory village situation through in-depth interviews, observation and focus group discussion (FGD. The results showed that

  4. Geology, mineralogy and magma evolution of Gunung Slamet Volcano, Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vukadinovic, Danilo; Sutawidjaja, Igan

    Gunung Slamet, Central Java, is a large stratovolcano within the Sunda magmatic arc of Indonesia. The volcanic edifice includes products of two large overlapping Quaternary stratocones. Basaltic andesites and andesites, with rare basalts, dominate the western region of the complex, known as Slamet Tua (old); and basalts and basaltic andesites compose the eastern cone, called Slamet Muda (young). On the basis of stratigraphy, trace-element content, {Zr}/{Nb}, {Zr}/{K} and {87Sr}/{86Sr} ratios, Slamet lavas can be broadly categorized as relating to high abundance magma (HAM) and low abundance magma (LAM) types. The Tua and Lebaksiu sequences generally comprise the LAM group, and are older, more salic and have higher {87Sr}/{86Sr} ratios than those of HAM. LAM andesites contain some amphibole, but HAM andesites do not. Models involving randomized magma replenishment, tapping and fractionation (RTF) were developed to explain the geochemical features of both LAM and HAM rock groups. The salic lavas of the LAM suite can be generated if fractionation was dominant relative to replenishment and tapping in LAM magma chambers. Conversely, magma chambers with a high proportion of replenishment and tapping relative to fractionation can produce dominantly mafic lavas, such as those of the HAM suite. Concave-upward heavy-rare-earth element (HREE) patterns for LAM andesites are probably due to significant amphibole fractionation; HAM andesites display flat HREE patterns and do not require amphibole fractionation from parental basalts. The high TiO 2 contents of HAM basalts and basaltic andesites (relative to those of "average" arc rocks) are due to either suppressed crystallization—or minor accumulation—of Ti-magnetite, in conjunction with RTF processes.

  5. PENGUJIAN DAYA HANTAR LISTRIK AIR TANAH DI SEKITAR TEMPAT PEMBUANGAN AKHIR GUNUNG TUGEL KABUPATEN BANYUMAS MENGGUNAKAN PRINSIP JEMBATAN WHEATSTONE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sehah

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Electrical conductivity of groundwater have been measured in area about the final garbage dismissal place (TPA of Gunung Tugel, Regency of Banyumas. Groundwater samples have been taken away from 104 point of groundwater sources which distributed around of the research area, consisted of well water, belik water and pump water. Then, water samples are tested in Electronics and Instrumentation laboratory, Faculty of Science and Technique, UNSOED use the Wheatstone bridge principle. Electrical conductivity of groundwater obtained, then mapped pursuant to position of samples points location, so that obtained map of electrical conductivity contour of groundwater in research area. Pursuant to the electrical conductivity contour map, known that the mean electrical conductivity value in research area is 0,0594 kW-1, where highest electrical conductivity value is 0,1449 kW-1 and lowest electrical conductivity value is 0,0209 kW-1. Pursuant to interpretation known that most liquid waste (leacheat of TPA Gunung Tugel are indicated flow into south and south-west area (Village of Kedungrandu owning lower topography.

  6. Soil Properties in Natural Forest Destruction and Conversion to Agricultural Land,in Gunung Leuser National Park, North Sumatera Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basuki Wasis

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Destruction of the Gunung Leuser National Park area of North Sumatera Province through land clearing and land cover change from natural forest to agricultural land. Less attention to land use and ecosystem carrying capacity of the soil can cause soil degradation and destruction of flora, fauna, and wildlife habitat destruction. Environmental damage will result in a national park wild life will come out of the conservation area and would damage the agricultural community. Soil sampling conducted in purposive sampling in natural forest and agricultural areas.  Observation suggest that damage to the natural forest vegetation has caused the soil is not protected so that erosion has occurred. Destruction of natural forest into agricultural are as has caused damage to soil physical properties, soil chemical properties, and biological soil properties significantly. Forms of soil degradation caused by the destruction of natural forests, which is an increase in soil density (density Limbak by 103%, a decrease of 93% organic C and soil nitrogen decreased by 81%. The main factors causing soil degradation is the reduction of organic matter and soil erosion due to loss of natural forest vegetation.  Criteria for soil degradation in Governance Regulation Number 150/2000 can be used to determine the extent of soil degradation in natural forest ecosystems.Keywords: Gunung Leuser National Park, natural forest, agricultural land, land damage, soil properties

  7. Studi Penentuan Aliran Hidrologi Metode Steepest Slope dan Lowest Height Dengan Aster GDEMV2 dan Alos Palsar (Studi Kasus: Gunung Kelud, Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Sigit Arisandy

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Gunung Kelud memiliki ketinggian 1.731 mdpl dengan kemiringan lebih dari 40º. Gunung Kelud di Kabupaten Kediri, Jawa Timur memiliki tipe erupsi stratovulkan dengan karakteristik letusan eksplosit. Mempunyai nilai volcanic explosive index 4, dengan durasi letusan ± 12 menit. Letusan Gunung Kelud salah satunya menghasilkan aliran hidrologi yaitu berupa lahar dan lava yang dapat memberikan ancaman tinggi bagi masyarakat sekitar. Data yang digunakan untuk penentuan aliran hidrologi (lahar dan lava tersebut adalah DEM Aster GDEMV2 dan Alos Palsar. DEM memiliki informasi data ketinggian yang dapat digunakan untuk memodelkan penentuan arah aliran hidrologi. Hasil pemodelannya menyerupai bentuk di lapangan, sehingga dapat digunakan untuk mitigasi bencana. Teknik penentuan aliran hidrologi pada penelitian ini menggunakan metode steepest slope dan lowest height berdasarkan teori aliran hidrologi. Dari hasil arah pemodelan aliran metode steepest slope, arah aliran hidrologi yang dominan dari puncak Gunung Kelud adalah menuju ke arah barat (21%, utara (19%, dan selatan (16%. Sedangkan untuk Metode lowest height lebih dominan menuju ke arah barat (19%, barat laut (18%, dan barat laut (19%. dapat disimpulkan bahwa aliran dominan menuju arah barat, barat laut, barat daya, selatan dan utara. Sedangkan hasil perbandingan akumulasi aliran yang di-overlay dengan data BNPB, pada metode steepest slope dari data DEM Aster GDEMV2 memiliki kesalahan hasil aliran sebesar 9,81% sedangkan data DEM Alos Palsar 7,29%. Sedangkan metode lowest height dari data DEM Aster GDEMV2 memiliki kesalahan hasil aliran sebesar 12,18% sedangkan data DEM Alos Palsar 11,25%. Desa yang terdampak letusan Gunung Kelud yaitu untuk Kabupaten Kediri 29 desa, Blitar 26 desa dan Malang 2 desa.

  8. THE IMPORTANCE OF FOREST AND LANDSCAPE RESOURCE FOR COMMUNITY AROUND GUNUNG LUMUT PROTECTED FOREST, EAST KALIMANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murniati Murniati

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The forest of Gunung  Lumut  in Pasir District,  East Kalimantan was designated  for a protection  forest in 1983. It is surrounded  by 15 villages  and one settlement  lies inside it. Communities in those villages are dependent upon the landscape and forest resources mainly for non timber forest products. This study was focused on the perception of the communities on the importance of the landscape and forests. The study was conducted in two settlements, located  in and outside  (near  the protection  forest,  namely  Rantau  Layung  Village  and Mului  Sub-Village.  Data collection  was undertaken through  general field observations, key- informant personal  interviews and focus group  discussions.  In Rantau  Layung, the most important land  type  was rice  field, whereas  in Mului  was forest.  There  were  13 and 14 use categories  of landscape  resources  in Rantau  Layung  and Mului,  respectively, such as food, medicine,  constructions and source of income.  People in Rantau  Layung  and Mului ranked  plants  to be more  important than  animals.  People  also considered  products  from wild  resources  to be more  important than  those from cultivated  and purchased  sources. Communities living  in both  settlements  considered  the future  uses of forests to be the most important as compared to those of the present and past. They  suggested that sungkai (Peronema canescens and telien (Eusideroxylon zwageri to be the most important plants while payau  (Cervus unicolor and telaus (Muntiacus muntjak to be the most important animals. People used the wildlife mainly for food and source of income. They also identified important and potential  resources for economic  development in the area, i.e. ecotourism  and hydro- power for electric  generator.

  9. Indication of Erosion At Tea - Plantation - Gunung Mas - Puncak - West Java Using Environmental Isotop of 137Cs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Suhartini, Nita; Aliyanta, Barokah; Lubis, Ali Arman.

    2002-01-01

    Erosion is a natural phenomena as a result of deforestation. Indication of erosion could be investigated by nuclear method that is used a natural radioisotope of 137C s in the soil. The present of 137C s in environment is a result of the nuclear weapon testing in the middle of 1950's. The result of this pre study showed that the total activity of 137C s in the soil of Tea - Plantation - Gunung Mas - Puncak - West Java is between 150 Bq/m 2- 1872 Bq/m 2. The result showed that the activity of 137C s could be detected, and the erosion or deposition could be seen at the points of the investigation

  10. Screening Cellulose Activity of Yeast Isolated from Soil, Sediment and Water River from Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun, West Java, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mangunwardoyo, W.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A total of 245 yeast isolates from Gunung Halimun National Park (GHNP were screened for cellulolytic activity using 0.2% cellulose-azure. The results showed that 16 isolates have cellulolytic activity using cellulose-azure assay. These isolates were further screened for carboxymethyl cellulase (CMCase, avicelase and cellobiase using specific substrates (carboxymethyl cellulosa, avicel and cellobiose with Teather and Wood method. The results showed that 7 isolates have CMCase; 6 isolates have cellobiase; 2 isolates have CMCase and cellobiase; and 1 isolate has CMCase and avicelase and cellobiase activities. Isolate S 4121 has the highest CMCase activity and identified as Trichosporon sporotrichoides (van Oorschot van Oorschot and de Hoog UICC Y-286.

  11. Identifikasi Tingkat Aktivitas Gunung Guntur Periode Oktober -November 2015 Berdasarkan Analisis Spektral Dan Sebaran Hiposenter - Episenter Gempa Vulkanik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ria Sulistiawan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Kompleks Gunung Guntur (G.Guntur merupakan salah satu gunung api aktif yang terletak di Kabupaten Garut, Jawa Barat. Kompleks ini terdiri atas beberapa kerucut, salah satunya yaitu Gunung Masigit (2249m yang merupakan kerucut tertinggi. Sampai pada tahun ini masih terekam aktivitas kegempaan dibawah G.Guntur, sehingga dilakukan pemantauan secara kontinyu di pos PGA untuk mengetahui aktivitas G.Guntur. Metode pemantauan seismik saat ini merupakan metode pemantauan yang dominan digunakan dalam pemantauan gunung api. Maka dari itu dilakukan penelitian terhadap kegempaan pada G.Guntur periode Oktober sampai November 2015, berdasarkan analisis spektral dan analisis sebaran hiposenter-episenter. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tipe gempa, sebaran hiposenter-episenter dan tingkat aktivitas kegempaan G.Guntur. Sinyal gempa diperoleh dari 5 stasiun yaitu stasiun Citiis, Masigit, Sodong, Legokpulus, dan stasiun Kabuyutan. Melalui parameter hiposenter-episenter serta kandungan frekuensi dan jumlah event gempa yang digunakan dalam upaya memonitoring gunungapi untuk mengetahui aktivitas gunungapi. Analisis spektral didapatkan nilai frekuensi cut off dari gempa vulkanik untuk mengidentifikasi penyebab aktivitas gempa tersebut. Analisis hiposenter serta episenter dilakukan untuk mengetahui tipe gempa dan juga sebaran hiposenter-episenternya. Berdasarkan penelitian yang dilakukan terhadap analisis tingkat aktivitas kegempaan G.Guntur hasil yang diperoleh yaitu seismisitas kegempaan pada G.Guntur masih di dominasi oleh gempa Vulkanik Dangkal dan Vulkanik Dalam. Tingkat aktivitas G.Guntur yang teridentifikasi ditandai dengan terjadinya peningkatan jumlah event dibawah 4 kali dalam sehari yang diakibatkan oleh migrasi magma, dan pendangkalan gempa vulkanik dari periode Oktober ke November, secara umum aktivitas gempa vulkanik G.Guntur ini tidak memicu perubahan signifikan dan tergolong aktivitas yang normal. Sehingga untuk status level bahaya G

  12. Karakter Jamur Ceratocystis sp. Penyebab Penyakit Busuk Batang pada Acacia decurrens dan Status Penyakitnya di Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi, Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Rahayu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Acacia decurrens merupakan salah satu jenis tanaman yang tumbuh mendominasi kawasan Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi (TNGM, pasca erupsi Gunung Merapi tahun 2010. Sekitar 80% tegakan A. decurrens di kawasan tersebut menunjukkan gejala busuk batang akibat infeksi jamur Ceratocystis sp. yang umumnya dipicu oleh luka gerekan kumbang dari kelompok ambrosia. Penelitian bertujuan untuk : (1 mendeskripsikan karakter morfologi jamur Ceratocystis sp., serta kemampuannya beradaptasi pada beberapa jenis tanaman hutan, (2 mengevaluasi status penyakit busuk batang oleh jamur Ceratocystis sp. Karakter morfologi dan kemampuan adaptasinya pada inang akasia, melina, jabon, sengon, dan jati dilakukan di Laboratorium Perlindungan dan Kesehatan Hutan, Fakultas Kehutanan UGM. Survei untuk evaluasi status penyakit busuk batang dilakukan pada bulan Februari sampai Agustus 2014 di demplot restorasi pasca erupsi Merapi (luas 8,4 ha, dengan intensitas sampling 8%. Berdasarkan karakter morfologi, terdapat 2 isolat jamur Ceratocystis sp. yaitu asal lembah (L dan dari bukit (B dengan warna koloni krem, luas koloni 20-22 cm2 pada umur 14 hari, membentuk konidia menyerupai tong, dan silindris. Sifat lainnya yaitu memiliki kemampuan yang sama untuk tumbuh, mengkolonisasi, dan menginfeksi inang akasia, sengon, jabon, dan melina, tetapi tidak mampu tumbuh pada inang jati. Berdasarkan luas serangan, status penyakit busuk batang berkisar antara sangat umum sampai menyebar luas (luas serangan = 54-100%, dengan tingkat keparahan bekisar antara ringan sampai parah (intensitas penyakit = 15-67%. Kata kunci: Ceratocystis sp., Acacia decurrens, luas serangan, intensitas penyakit, Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi.   Characteristic of stem rot diseases caused by Ceratocystis sp. on Acacia decurrens and its status in Gunung Merapi National Park, Yogyakarta Abstract Mount Merapi National Park (TNGM has been dominated by Acacia decurrens after the eruption in 2010. Almost 80% of A

  13. ANALYSIS OF STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT for ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT TOWARD COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT AND NATURAL CONSERVATION at TM GUNUNG HALIMUN SALAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurniawan Gilang Widagdyo

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted in order to analyze ecotourism development within Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Salak (TNGHS area and determine association among its elements which is ecotourism activities, community involvement, and natural conservation. To convey comprehensive and factual result, theoretical considerations appear as basis for this study as well as qualitative and quantitative analysis. Some theories tend to be guidance that will be confront with qualitative data that was obtain from interview with several expertise and community’s representative and compare with questionnaire distribution to determine how significant association occur between those three variables. The statistical analysis explains that ecotourism deliver positive impact toward local community and natural conservationDOI: 10.15408/etk.v11i1.1871

  14. PEMODELAN SPASIAL KESESUAIAN HABITAT ELANG JAWA (Nisaetus bartelsi Stresemann, 1924 DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG HALIMUN-SALAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andi N. Cahyana

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Javan hawk-eagle (Nisaetus bartelsi is an endemic raptor species which has limited distribution area in Java Island. Their existence is threatened (endangered due to their small population, habitat degradation as well as fragmentation. Gunung Halimun Salak National Park (GHSNP is known for having the highest population of javan hawk-eagle. We conducted habitat suitability modeling of javan hawk-eagle in the GHSNP using principal component analysis (PCA scoring method with 10 habitat variables, i.e.: altitude, slope, aspect, forest canopy density (FCD, temperature, rainfall, river distribution, road distribution, settlement distribution and population density. The results of this study showed that from total study area, 94,43% of high suitable habitat for javan hawk-eagle contained in GHSNP area. It means that the GHSNP is very important area for the existence and the conservation of the javan hawk-eagle population.The highly suitable class of javan hawk-eagle habitat is distributed on the areas with an average value for each habitat variable as follows: 68,96±11,18% (for FCD, 3.883,05±299,61 mm/year (rainfall, 19,93±1,72 ºC (temperature, 1.136,05±271,46 masl (altitude, 2.207,69±1.445,86 m (distance from road, 2.727,51±1.554,61 m (distance from settlement and 3.829,08±1.504,37 individual (population density. The habitat suitability model resulted from this research can be used as a reference in identifying priority areas for better habitat management of javan hawk-eagle in the GHSNP. Keywords: Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, habitat suitability, Javan Eagle-hawk, spatial model 

  15. Stakeholder Analysis in Utilizing of Environmental Services and Natural Attractions in Tuk Semuncar Utilization Zone of Gunung Merbabu National Park: A literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setiawan, Muhammad Arif; Muhammad, Fuad

    2018-02-01

    Many stakeholders in the utilizing of environmental services and natural attraction of Tuk Semuncar Utilization Zone needs to get the attention of the Gunung Merbabu National Park Officer. The existence of natural resources has an important role for the life of the community, making the complexity of the relationship between various parties who have interests in natural resource management. The existence of stakeholders and their interests should receive attention and be considered to be accommodated as an effort to prevent the occurrence of losses to the conservation area of Gunung Merbabu National Park. Every stakeholder's interest can have a positive and negative impact on other stakeholders. Stakeholder analysis can help in understanding the conflict on the utilizing of environmental services and natural attraction that is happening, as well as input strategy in involving stakeholders for the achievement of goals.

  16. PEMANFAATAN ABU VULKANIK GUNUNG MERAPI SEBAGAI GEOPOLIMER (SUATU POLIMER ANORGANIK ALUMINOSILIKAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Kusumastuti

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Sintesis geopolimer telah dilakukan dengan memanfaatkan abu vulkanik Gunung Merapi. Geopolimer merupakan suatu polimer anorganik aluminosilikat dengan rantai Si-O-Al yang disintesis dari material yang kaya akan silika dan alumina dengan larutan pengaktif natrium hidroksida. Analisis kandungan kimia abu vulkanik Merapi menunjukkan bahwa material ini termasuk material pozzolan dengan kandungan silika dan alumina yang tinggi, yakni 45,7% berat SiO2; 14,00% berat Al2O3; 16,1% berat CaO; 18,2% berat Fe2O3 dan 3,86% berat K2O. Perbandingan mol SiO2/Al2O3 dalam abu vulkanik Merapi tergolong tinggi yakni 5,55. Abu vulkanik Merapi dapat disintesis menjadi geopolimer meskipun mempunyai rasio mol SiO2/Al2O3 yang tinggi dengan menggunakan larutan pengaktif NaOH 66,67% serta menambah waktu curing selama 3 hari pada suhu 70°C untuk membantu proses kondensasi (lepasnya molekul air pada proses geopolimerisasinya. Geopolimerisasi abu vulkanik Merapi pada suhu kamar tidak dapat terjadi, ditandai dengan kekuatannya yang sangat rendah. Karakterisasi pada geopolimer berbahan dasar abu vulkanik menunjukkan bahwa kuat tekan optimum dicapai pada komposisi dengan perbandingan abu vulkanik/Na silikat/NaOH/H2O sebesar 50/10/4/6 dengan kekuatan 61,16 MPa. Analisis kualitatif berupa fasa mineral dengan XRD dan ikatan kimia dengan FTIR menunjukkan bahwa telah terbentuk fasa amorf aluminosilikat geopolimer dengan ikatan Si–O–Si atau Si–O–Al. Synthesis of geopolymer has been done by using Merapi volcanic ash. Geopolymer is an aluminosilicate inorganic polymer with Si-O-Al chain that has been synthesized from silica-and alumina-rich materials by using activator solution natrium hydroxide. The analysis of Merapi volcanic ash content showed that it was a pozzolan material containing high-silica alumina, with 45,7% of SiO2; 14,00% of Al2O3; 16,1% of  CaO; 18,2% of Fe2O3 and 3,86% of K2O. Mol ratio of SiO2/Al2O3 was high, it is 5,55. Although it

  17. ANALISIS KELAYAKAN FINANSIAL PENGOPERASIAN ANGKUTAN ANTAR JEMPUT SISWA SEKOLAH PADA KORIDOR JALAN GUNUNG AGUNG DENPASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. A. Nyoman Sriastuti

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The population increase in Denpasar City causes the increase of peoples’ activities which is followed by the increase of using transportation facilities. It certainly influences the traffic in the city itself. One of the peoples’ activities causing traffic jams on the streets of Denpasar particularly on Gunung Agung Street is the students’ pick-up service. The jam is mainly caused by the use of private vehicles especially motorcycles for picking-up the students. The problem can be overcome with pick up service so that the use of private vehicles can be minimized. Some advantages can be gained from the pick-up service; it can be done door to door in accordance with the students’ schedules and it can help the parents who are in troubles in bringing and picking-up their children to schools. A planning and an evaluation on aspects of financial investment feasibility towards the students’ pick-up service are needed in order to match both the interests of service providers and the customers. This research used field survey method completed with interview method. The interview method was applied to gain primary data from related parties and from related institutions for the secondary data. Tariff calculation analysis based on the vehicle operational cost (VOC used a method of Transportation Department, and the Ability to Pay (ATP tariff and Willing to Pay (WTF tariff were determined based on respondents’ income and their perceptions toward a tariff they expected. The result of the research shows that the ATP tariff for both routes is higher than WTF tariff; on route I the ATP is Rp. 569,76 per kilometer-  passenger (Rp. 4,273 per passenger and the WTP tariff is Rp. 499,67 per kilometer-passenger (Rp. 3,748 per passenger, on route II the ATP tariff is Rp. 594,46 per kilometer-passenger (Rp. 3,864 per passenger and the WTP tarrif is Rp. 554,56 per kilometer-passenger (Rp. 3,605 per passenger. Based on the estimation of the passengers, there

  18. ANALISIS KELAYAKAN FINANSIAL PENGOPERASIAN ANGKUTAN ANTAR JEMPUT SISWA SEKOLAH PADA KORIDOR JALAN GUNUNG AGUNG DENPASAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. A. Nyoman Sriastuti

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The population increase in Denpasar City causes the increase of peoples’ activities which is followed by the increase of using transportation facilities. It certainly influences the traffic in the city itself. One of the peoples’ activities causing traffic jams on the streets of Denpasar particularly on Gunung Agung Street is the students’ pick-up service. The jam is mainly caused by the use of private vehicles especially motorcycles for picking-up the students. The problem can be overcome with pick up service so that the use of private vehicles can be minimized. Some advantages can be gained from the pick-up service; it can be done door to door in accordance with the students’ schedules and it can help the parents who are in troubles in bringing and picking-up their children to schools. A planning and an evaluation on aspects of financial investment feasibility towards the students’ pick-up service are needed in order to match both the interests of service providers and the customers. This research used field survey method completed with interview method. The interview method was applied to gain primary data from related parties and from related institutions for the secondary data. Tariff calculation analysis based on the vehicle operational cost (VOC used a method of Transportation Department, and the Ability to Pay (ATP tariff and Willing to Pay (WTF tariff were determined based on respondents’ income and their perceptions toward a tariff they expected. The result of the research shows that the ATP tariff for both routes is higher than WTF tariff; on route I the ATP is Rp. 569,76 per kilometer-  passenger (Rp. 4,273 per passenger and the WTP tariff is Rp. 499,67 per kilometer-passenger (Rp. 3,748 per passenger, on route II the ATP tariff is Rp. 594,46 per kilometer-passenger (Rp. 3,864 per passenger and the WTP tarrif is Rp. 554,56 per kilometer-passenger (Rp. 3,605 per passenger. Based on the estimation of the passengers, there

  19. Bypassing and tightening of an underground water retention system in permeable karst: case study of the hydropower plant (HPP) Bribin, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kudella, Peter; Loges, Iryna; Mutschler, Thomas; Eiche, Elisabeth; Ruppert, Julia; Neumann, Thomas

    2016-09-01

    In the framework of the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) joint research project in the karst area of Gunung Kidul, Province of Yogyakarta Special Region on the Java Island, Indonesia, an underground hydropower driven water extraction facility in the cave "Bribin" was developed using pump-as-turbine-driven systems for freshwater supply of the rural area. As numerous other caves in the Gunung Kidul area, Bribin is part of a ramified system of all-season water-bearing subterraneous rivers and natural caves in karstic limestone. The elliptic cross section of the cave was completely closed with a concrete barrage, thus creating a year-round underground retention volume with an operational storage level of approx. 15 m. This contribution highlights the geotechnical and geohydraulic challenges handled within the sub-project "Short-time and long-time behaviour of karst rock surrounding pressure-bearing underground water-retaining structures". One key to the feasibility of an artificial water retention scheme in a natural cave is to ensure the mechanical stability of the cave roof and sidewalls. The necessary geotechnical investigations are described. Another key to the effectiveness of such a water retention concept is the control and minimization of "lost" seepage water bypassing the barrage structure through the karst rock mass. Measures to monitor and to explain the seepage phenomena are presented as well as grouting efforts to minimize them. The limitations of improving the overall tightness will be discussed. Interpretation includes the use of analytical and numerical methods.

  20. STRUKTUR, KERAGAMAN DAN ASOSIASI KOMUNITAS TUMBUHAN PEMANJAT DENGAN POPULASI ALAM MERBAU DI TAMAN WISATA ALAM GUNUNG MEJA MANOKWARI-PAPUA BARAT (Structure, Diversity and Association of Climbing Plants Communities with Merbau Population in Gunung Meja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elieser Viktor Sirami

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Struktur, keragaman dan asosiasi komunitas tumbuhan pemanjat dengan pohon inang di hutan tropis sangat ditentukan oleh banyak faktor biofisik habitat yang saling timbal balik hubungannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui struktur, keragaman dan derajat asosiasi antara tumbuhan pemanjat dengan tegakan alam merbau di TWA Gunung Meja Manokwari, Papua Barat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa liana di bawah tegakan merbau memiliki keragaman sedang, terdiri dari 67 jenis, 52 genera dan 32 famili liana, liana berkayu 33 jenis, 29 genera dan 22 famili dan liana tak berkayu 35 jenis, 27 genera dan 19 famili. Jenis dominan adalah Pothos rumphii, dominansi sedang Philodendron sp. dan 65 jenis yang lain kurang dominan. Sebanyak 33 jenis berasosiasi sangat kuat dengan tegakan merbau, 28 jenis asosiasinya kuat dan 6 jenis asosiasinya kurang kuat. Faktor lingkungan yang berperan terhadap strukur dan keragaman serta asosiasi adalah struktur vertikal dan struktur horizontal tegakan, naungan hutan, diameter, tinggi, tekstur batang dan lebar tajuk pohon merbau dan jenis pohon yang lain.    ABSTRACT Reciprocal relationship among biophysical factors of habitat influence the structure, diversity and assocition levels of climbing plants with host tree in the tropical forest. The aims of this study were to know structure, diversity and assocition levels of liana and merbau population in Gunung Meja natural tourism park of Manokwari, West Papua. There were 67 species, 52 genera and 32 families of climbing plants under the merbau stands. It consists of 33 species of lianas, 29 genera, 22 families, 35 species of vines, 27 genera and 19 families and they have medium diversity levels. Pothos rumphii is the most dominant species, Philodendron sp. is medium dominant and 65 species are minimum dominant. 33 species have strong association with merbau stands, 28 species has less strong and 6 were not strong. Habitat factors that plays an important roll in the

  1. KERENTANAN AIRTANAH TERHADAP PENCEMARAN DAERAH IMBUHAN PONOR DI KARST GUNUNG SEWU (STUDI DI DAERAH ALIRAN SUNGAI BAWAH TANAH BRIBIN (Ground Water Vulnerability to Contamination of Swallow Holes Recharge Area at Gunung Sewu Karst (Study in Bribin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Widyastuti

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Airtanah karst merupakan salah satu sumbedaya alam yang potensial di kawasan karst Gunung Sewu. Di sisi lain, akuifer karst sangat rentan terhadap pencemaran. Sungai Bawah Tanah Bribin menjadi sumber air utama untuk masyarakat khususnya untuk mendukung kebutuhan air di musim kemarau. Tujuan pene1itian ini adalah: 1 mengetahui karakteristik daerah imbuhan ponor me1alui identifikasi variabel kerentanan (kondisi ponor, lereng, vegetasi, tanah dan batuan; dan 2 mengetahui tingkat kerentanan airtanah terhadap pencemaran dengan metode COP. Ponor, gua, dan dolin diidentifikasi melalui sensus, sedangkan pengambilan sampel tanah secara purposive berdasarkan unit seri tanah. Proses pengolahan data mendasarkan metode COP, yang merupakan akronim C (concentration offlowkonsentrasi aliran, 0 (overlaying layerllapisan pelindung and P (precipitation/curah hujan. Setiap variabel dan sub variabel mempunyai nilai di setiap ke1as dan dihitung melalui operasi perkalian dan penjumlahan. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik daerah imbuhan ponor bervariasi menurut aspekjumlah, ukuran, lokasi dan kondisi ponor; lereng dan vegetasi, jenis tanah dan batuan serta ketebalannya. Tingkat kerentanan airtanah terhadap pencemaran sebagain besar sangat rentan. Faktor yang mempunyai pengaruh besar adalah konsentrasi aliran. Jumlah ponor sebagai imbuhan terkonsentrasi (titik dari aliran permukaan menyebabkan sangat rentan. ABSTRACT Karst groundwater is one of the potential natural resources in the Gunung Sewu karst area. On the other hand, karst aquifers are highly vulnerable to contamination. Bribin underground river become the main water source for the community, especially to support the water demand in the dry season. The purposes of this study are: 1 to know the characteristics of the swallow holes recharge area through identifiying vulnerability variables (swallow hole condition, slope, vegetation, soil and rock, and 2 to assess the level of groundwater vulnerability

  2. Cohabitation Study of the Leaf Monkey and Bornean White-Bearded Gibbons in Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YANTO SANTOSA

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Diet and habitat overlaps were studied for the leaf monkey (Presbytis rubicunda and bornean white-bearded gibbons (Hylobates albibarbis in tropical forest of Cabang Panti Research Station (CPRS, Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan. Systematic data on feeding and ranging behaviour were collected from August 2009 up to February 2010 for the three groups of two sympatric primate species that shared two neighbouring patches. Our results showed that seven types of habitat in CPRS were affected to both primates, particularly in plant utilization for feed and the use of vertical space patterns. If the leaf monkeys were present in the same forest patch, the Bornean white-bearded gibbons showed a reduced within-group dispersal and significantly less foraging time in a given forest patch. This might be due to the bornean white-bearded gibbons were more selective in their diet selection. When fruits were scarce, bornean white-bearded gibbons spent most of their foraging time in many types of forest ecosystem, while leaf monkey foraged within one or two types of forest ecosystem. At this period, diet and habitat overlaps between the two species were low. When the availability of fruits increased, leaf monkeys shifted their foraging range and both species became confined to the forest habitat. Consequently, the overlaps of diets and habitats were increased while the peak was at the end of the fruit season.

  3. PENGARUH PERFEKSIONISME TERHADAP PROKRASTINASI AKADEMIK PADA MAHASISWA YANG SEDANG MENGERJAKAN SKRIPSI DI FAKULTAS PSIKOLOGI UIN SUNAN GUNUNG DJATI BANDUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Titih Srantih

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Academic procrastination particularly happens to college students who are working on their thesis is assumed to be influenced by the attitude of their perfectionism. The purpose of this study is to determine how perfectionism has influence on the academic procrastination of the students who are doing thesis at the Faculty of Psychology UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung. The study had conducted on the population of students who are working on a thesis in total 38 people. The design used was a non-experimental design with causality method. Measuring instruments used the Almost Perfect Scale Revised from Snaley (1992 and Procrastination Student Assessment Scale developed by Solomon and Rothblum (1984 with some adaptations. Technical analysis of the data using simple regression analysis with the result that the determination coefficient of influence perfectionism to academic procrastination is R2 = 0.065. The results of the t test, t = 1.582 < table = 1.684, so it can be concluded that there is no significant effect of perfectionism to the academic procrastination of students who are working on a thesis.

  4. Potential of Basidiomycetous Fungi Isolated from Gunung Barus Forest North Sumatera in Decolorization of Wastewater of Textile Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munir, E.; Priyani, N.; Suryanto, D.; Naimah, Z.

    2017-03-01

    A study of basidiomycetous fungi in decolorization of wastewater of textile industry has been started in our laboratory. The objective of this study was to obtain potential isolates and to examine their decolorization acitity. The fungi were isolated from local forest, Gunung Barus Forest, in North Sumatera and screened their ligninolytic activity qualitatively by bavendam method and the waste was obtained from local textile industry in Medan. Nineteen fungal isolates grew on plate agar medium containing 100% of waste supplemented with 2% glucose, and 6 of those exhibited good growth when glucose in the media was reduced to 1%. Surprisingly, these six potential isolates grew, although relatively at lower rate, when glucose was not included in the media. Meanwhile, there was no substantial decolorization of media could be observed on all plates cultures. Analyses of decolorization on liquid condition containing 25% of wastewater and no glucose showed that fungal grew at the bottom culture flask. All 6 isolates exhibited decolorization activity. Interestingly, mass of mycelia growth at the bottom absorbed dyes and dissolved suspended solid which was seemingly separated from very clean solution medium surrounding. These results indicated that the cultures utilized carbon source from waste and the extracellular matrixes produced by fungal isolates might involve in decolorization of textile wastewater.

  5. The local knowledge of food plants used by Karo ethnic in Semangat Gunung Village, North Sumatra, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nisyawati, Aini, R. N.; Silalahi, M.; Purba, E. C.; Avifah, N.

    2017-07-01

    Research on the local knowledge of food plants used by Karo ethnic in the Semangat Gunung Village, North Sumatra has been done. The aim of this study is to reveal plant species that used by the people of Karo ethnic as food. We used the ethnobotanical approach which included open-ended, semi-structural interview, and exploration method. One eldervillage, 2 traditional healers, and 30 respondents have been selected as sources of information. Descriptive statistics have been used to analyze the gathered data. A number of 109 species which belong to 83 genus and 45 families known to be used as food sources by Karo people. Four families have the highest number of food plant species, which are Solanaceae (8 species), Poaceae (7 species), Fabaceae (6 species), and Zingiberaceae (6 species). All of those families are found in the village, both wild and Cultivated. Solanaceae is used as source of fruits, vegetables, and spices. Poaceae is used as the source of the staple food, alternative food sources, snacks, spices, and traditional foods. Fabaceae is used as source of vegetables and traditional foods. Zingiberaceae is used as source of spices.

  6. Analisis Terhadap Siswa Yang Berasal Dari Keluarga Broken Home (Studi KasusDi SMK Negeri 2 Gunung Talang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tumiyem Tumiyem

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Brokenhomeisaconditionthat isnotharmoniousfamily. One reason for thebroken homebecause of adivorcebetweena husbandandwife.These conditionsaffecttheir children,such as lack ofaffection, do not getpropercareandacademicfailure.However,inthe field founda fewstudentswhohavehigh academicachievement.The purposeof thisstudyiscomparingthe factorsthatallow fordifferences inthe academicachievementof childrenwhocome froma broken home. The research was conductedinSMK 2Gunung Talang.The studyusedform of case studies. Capturingsubjectsin this studyusingpurposive sampling technique. Analysis ofthe datausingMilesandHubermaninteractive model.The conclusion ofthis studyisthedifference inacademicachievementexperienced bystudentsis causedby abroken home: (1 the relationshipwith their parents; students with high achievement have good relationship, students with low achievementhave not good enough in their  relationship, (2 the relationshipwiththeirteachers; student with high achievement have good relationship, student low achievementhave not good enough in their relationship, (3the  relationshipwiththeir friends; students with high achievement have good relationship, students with low achievementhave not good enough in their relationship,(4 studentsattitude to themselves and family; student with high achievement have goodattitude with open behavior,  students with low achievementhave introvert behavior,(5 ways of studentslearning; students with high achievement payfull attention  on in learning and routine schedule, students with low achievement  payless attention to the teachers explanationand routine in learning schedule.

  7. The Impact of Human Activities to Dynamic of Insect Communities: a Case Study in Gunung Salak, West Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    HARI SUTRISNO

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Huge areas of diverse tropical forest are lost or degraded every year with dramatic consequences for biodiversity. Human activities such as deforestation, fragmentation, over-exploitation, and monoculture practices are the main drivers of tropical forest biodiversity loss. Investigating of these threats with focusses on changes in species richness or species diversity will be able to minimize any impact of human activities at the early stage in a certain region. Therefore, to know the impact of human activities to dynamic of insect communities in Gunung Salak, West Java, we measured moth diversity and their structure within communities by comparing the index diversity, species richness and species composition across five different habitat types. The results showed that the habitat changes due to human activities had changed not only to the moth diversity but also to their structure within communities. The number of moth species decreased significantly as well as the number of lower taxa (family in the disturbed forest (secondary forest, Agathis forest, and transition area within ranges: 20-50 and 10-20%. The composition of the two main families, Geometridae and Noctuidae also showed a major change, family Geometridae decreased within ranges 10-50% in the disturbed area but Noctuidae increased up to 50% in those areas. Indeed, habitat lost due to human activities such as illegal logging, change of land use and land clearing is the main threats to decrease on macro-moth diversity and change their structures within communities.

  8. Evaluation of Heavy Metal Exposure to Soil and Paddy Plant around the Closed Municipal Solid Waste Landfill: Case Study at Gunung Tugel Landfill, Banyumas-Central Java

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasam; Rahmawati, Suphia; Mulya Iresha, Fajri; Wacano, Dhandhun; Farida Fauziah, Ida; Afif Amrullah, Muhammad

    2018-01-01

    This work was focused on assessing the exposure of heavy metal from closed municipal solid waste (MSW) landfill on soil and paddy plants. This study aimed to determine heavy metal content whether at the soil in the around Gunung Tugel landfill included and accumulated in the paddy plant tissues. The investigated metals include chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), cadmium (Cd), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn). The samples were acid-digested before the desired elements were measured using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (AAS). The results are presented as distribution map of the landfill area based on the total heavy metals content distribution in the soil and paddy plants. The samples shown that the concentrations of heavy metals around Gunung Tugel landfill are 6.27-34.71 mg/kg, 0.17-0.42 mg/kg, 28.29-48.69 mg/kg, 18,997.26-32,572.29 mg/kg, 342.74-834.49 mg/kg, 136.10-290.14 mg/kg at the top soil and 0.00-1.70 mg/kg, 0.00-0.26 mg/kg, 0.79-10.46 mg/kg, 13.88-61.46 mg/kg, 18.79-50.56 mg/kg, 87.27-273.22 mg/kg at the paddy for Cr, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn respectively. According to the results, The Gunung Tugel landfill is not a direct source of heavy metal pollution at paddy plant in the landfill area, but through surface water and soil media. Rainfall around landfill is quite high ie more 2000 mm/year of rainfall and soil permeability is 1.0 cm/sec.

  9. Changes Function And Role In Regulating Child Ninik Mamak Nephew di Kanagorian Koto Teluk Beringin Kecamatan Gunung Toar Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi

    OpenAIRE

    Kadarisman, Yoskar; Olipio, Romansyah

    2014-01-01

    This research was conducted at Kanagorian Koto Teluk Beringin Bay Gunung Toar Kuantan Singingi disrtrict. This study aims to find out what are the functions and roles change ninik mamak dikanagorian koto teluk beringin Bay, and to look at the factors that influence changes in the function and role in regulating child ninik mamak nephew. In analyzing this research, quantitative descriptive, ie data that has been processed then be made in the form of a table, and then presented in the form of w...

  10. Analisis sisa makanan lunak rumah sakit pada penyelenggaraan makanan dengan sistem outsourcing di RSUD Gunung Jati Cirebon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Agus Ariefuddin

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: An indicator of success in maintaining quality of service in patient nutrition can be measured from leftovers. In average inpatients got soft food as much as 40.1% and about 20.5% of them have leftovers. One benefit of leftover data is that they can be used to evaluate provision of hospital foods. Leftovers indicate that there is a waste in food cost. Objective: To analyze leftovers of hospital soft food in the provision of food using outsourcing system at Gunung Jati Hospital of Cirebon Municipality. Method: This was an observational study that used cross sectional design. Samples were as many as 93 patients. Data were analyzed quantitatively using chi square to identify in factors correlation the presence of leftovers and correlation in respondents’ satisfaction with the quality of food with the presence of leftovers and to identify correlation of irrelevance with leftovers of hospital soft foods portion served with the presence of leftovers. Characteristics of respondents and cost of foods wasted were analyzed using univariate technique. Result: The result of statistical analysis showed that there was significant  correlation in sex, level of education, types of diseases and appetite  on the presence of leftovers (p 0.05. There was no significant correlation in respondents’ satisfaction with quality of foods on the presence of leftovers (p > 0.05. There was significant correlation between irrelevances in the amount of soft food portion served on the presence of leftovers.  Total cost foods wasted was Rp 12.559.12/day. Conclusion: There was correlation in sex, level of education, types of diseases and appetite on the presence of leftovers. There was no significant correlation in respondents’ satisfaction with quality of foods on the presence of leftovers (p > 0.05. There was significant correlation between irrelevances in the amount of soft food portion served with leftovers. The cost of foods wasted based on class of

  11. ANALISIS ZONA LEMAH (AMBLESAN DI KAWASAN JALAN RAYA GUNUNG TUGEL KABUPATEN BANYUMAS BERDASARKAN SURVEI GEOLISTRIK KONFIGURASI WENNER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syukron makmur

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The geo-electrical survey with wenner configuration has been done in the Gunung Tugel street area, Village of Kedungrandu, District of Patikraja, Regency of Banyumas. The purposes of the research is to interpret the subsurface rocks lithology based on the resistivity values, analyze the existence of the weak zone that spread beneath of the subsidence zone surface on the highway, explore the existence of others weak zones that located outside of the existing subsidence zone, and explain the causes of the subsidence happened in this area. Modeling and interpretation of the subsurface rock resistivity values is done using the Res2dinv 3.54 and Surfer 10 software. The results of the modeling and interpretation on the resistivity values at line GT-L01 and GT-L02 shows subsurface rocks structure model in the form of the finely sand with a resistivity values of 0.90 to 3.00 Ωm, marl rock with a resistivity values of 3.00 - 10.00 Ωm, and calcareous sandstones with a resistivity values of 10.00 to 26.00 Ωm. Beside the results of the research also show a weak zone beneath of the subsidence zone surface and found some others weak zones outside of the subsidence zone. The weak zone in this area is interpreted as fine sandstone that softly and not compactly. While the others weak zones that located outside of the subsidence zone are indicated potentially to be the cause of a new subsidence on the highway. The subsidence that happened on the highway is estimated because the rocks blocks in the weak zone are unable to support changes in the layer structure above it, in the form of marl, as a result of weight force and pressure resulted by most heavy-weighed vehicle which always going through on this highway.

  12. PRICING STRATEGY FOR QUASI-PUBLIC FOREST TOURISM PARK Case Study in Gunung Pancar Forest Tourism Park, Bogor Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricky Avenzora

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The dynamic of 3-parties conflict of interests (investor, local people and government in having actual income from the nature tourism park business in Indonesia became worse since a “very  progressive” Government Regulation on Forestry Related Services Tariff (so called PP 12/2014 was issued.  On one hand, everybody agrees to improve the 17 years old tariff regulation of PP 59/1998. On the other hand, the “unclear reason” of the new tariffs in PP 12/2014 has shocked many parties and created many difficulties while implemented. This paper studies visitors’ expenditures and their willingness to pay (WTP for every recreation services scenario by using contingent valuation method (CVM survey with open-ended eliciting questionnaire instrument. Regarding the characteristic of Gunung Pancar Forest Tourism Park (GPFTP the method was used to justify a reasonable and eligible ticket pricing strategy at the GPFTP as a quasi-public recreation park. The survey has also specifically addressed the reasonable ticket-price that aligns with the financial assumption of investor's business plan and local people's economic activities. Results of the survey  show that the continuum of visitors’ WTP is ranging from 3.4 times (as the response to scenario-1 up to 12.7 times (as the response to scenario-5 of the recent ticket price. The WTP of scenario-2, 3 and 4 are ranging from 4.7, 6.2 and 7.5 times, respectively. Furthermore, the results of Tobit Regression Analysis show that seven important variables are positively correlated, while six variables are negatively correlated with the WTP.

  13. Keanekaragaman dan Kelimpahan Belalang dan Kerabatnya (Orthoptera pada Dua Ekosistem Pegunungan di Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun-Salak

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NETY VIRGO ERAWATI

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A study on diversity and abundance of grasshopper and its relatives (Orthoptera was conducted at two mountainous rainforest ecosystems (Mounts Kendeng and Botol of Gunung Halimun-Salak National Park. A hundred meters of a line transect was used to sample and set up several insect traps (yellow pan, malaise, pit fall, bait pit fall, sweep net, and light traps, and insect sweepings as well. The light traps were set up at about fifty meters distance from the end of the sampling sites. A total individual collected by traps was combined on every comparable sampling site. Total individuals of the Orthoptera captured were 414; consisted of 25 species of 9 families. Both species diversity and number of families were higher at Mount Kendeng rather than Mount Botol. Number of species of each family usually similar except on family of Grillidae was much higher at Mount Kendeng. Species belong to Phasmidae was not recorded at Mount Kendeng, while species belong to both families of Gryllotalpidae and Tettigonidae were not captured at Mount Botol as well. Overal there was a difference in the species richness at each between. Shannon Diversity Index (H’ and evenness (E were higher at Mount Kendeng (2.44 and 0.81 rather than Mount Botol (1.80 and 0.66. Similarity Index of Jaccard (Cj and Sorenson (Cn of both localities were similar (0.40 and 0.32. Herbivores were most dominant at both localities (Phasmidae, Tetrigidae, Acrididae, Gryllidae, dan Gryllotalpidae, followed by omnivores (Blattidae, scavenger (Gryllacrididae, and predator (Mantidae.

  14. Hubungan pola makan dengan pengendalian kadar glukosa darah pengidap diabetes melitus tipe 2 rawat jalan di RSU Gunung Jati Cirebon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juleka Juleka

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM is a chronic disease which has increasing prevalence today. The result of epidemiological study in Indonesia showed that DM prevalence was 1,5-2,3% to population aging over 15 years. DM disease cannot be cured but can be controlled to slow down the complications. Consumption planning is a major component in DM management. there are 3 main principles applied in the supply of food to diabetics, i. e. number of calories, type of food and meal schedule. Observation result shows that over 50% of diabetics do not follow the suggested consumption planning. Objective: The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship between eating pattern and control of glucose to type 2 diabetics patients. Methods: The study was an analytic observational type using cross sectional design. Purposively taken samples were diabetic type 2 inpatients at Gunung Jati Hospital, Cirebon. Glucose of type 2 diabetics was determined through examination of glucose during fasting and 2 hours post prandial using enzymatic method gained from medical assessment data, and eating pattern gained from 24 hours recall method for 4 days. To know the relationship between eating pattern and control of glucose to type 2 diabetics, chi square, odds ratio (OR signifi cance and logistic regression were tested. Results: There was relationship between energy (OR=31.6,CI=5.00-199.76, carbohydrate (OR=12.7,CI=1.30-124.3 and fat (OR=5.20, CI=1.08-24.89 intake with glucose control of type 2 diabetics, there was relationship between sugar consumption and process result (OR=13.1, CI= 2.59-66.2 of vegetables (OR=31.6, CI=3.74-267.6 and fruits (OR=5.16, CI=1.41-18.91 with glucose control, there was no relationship between protein intake and meal schedule with glucose control of type 2 diabetics.

  15. Elder care, old-age security and social change in rural Yogyakarta, Indonesia = De zorg voor en bestaanszekerheid van ouderen tegen de achtergrond van sociale veranderingen in ruraal Yogyakarta, Indonesië

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keasberry, I.N.

    2002-01-01

    This thesis describes the significance of the living conditions and care arrangements of older persons for their old-age security in the villages of Kebonagung (regency of Bantul) and Giriwungu (regency of Gunung Kidul) in the Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

    The

  16. Festival 1000 Tumpeng: Komodifikasi Tradisi, Pariwisata, dan ‘Territoriality’di Gunung Kelud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edlin Dahniar Alfath

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This research explains how tradition can be modified for tourism and political purposes. The tradition that will be elaborated in this essay is "Festival 1000 Tumpeng Kelud". This festival adapts tradional Javanese cultural ceremony. The commodification of tradition is associated with the development of tourism in the area of Kelud Mountain, East Java. Furthermore, tourims activity in Kelud Mountain is part of strategy to defend particular territory in a disputed area. This is ethnography research with qualitative data and descriptive analysis, located in Sugihwaras village. Key informants of this research are special figure in society whom considered as person who can communicate with Kelud Mountain, society representative, BMKG officers, and Village officials. This essay concludes that there are three layers purposes of convening "Festival 1000 Tumpeng" initiated by the government of Kediri namely preservation of traditions and gratitude expression to God, tourism promotion, and politics of territoriality related to disputed area with Blitar Regency.

  17. Determinasi sumber tekanan dan analisis regangan utama di Gunung Api Papandayan untuk mengetahui korelasi dengan kegempaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ony Kurnia Suganda

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol2no2.20072Papandayan volcano is located in the southern part of Garut regency, about 70 km southeast of Bandung, West Java. Monitoring the activities of Papandayan volcano has been done using various methods both continously and periodically, one of them is deformation method using repeated GPS (Global Positioning System survey. GPS survey method is basically used to obtain the pattern and speed of the deformation body of the volcano, both in horizontal and vertical directions and also could be used to determined the location and size of the strain source of deformation based on Mogi model. By describing the shallow seismic activities before and after the eruption, this could show us the correlation of deformation characteristic and its seismic activities. By the result of eight GPS campaigns show that the deformation acceleration is running rapidly, where the fluctuation of shallow seismic activities are directly followed by inflation and deflation of volcano body. Pressure source movement running up and down to southwest-northeast direction. This correlation will lead us to the more comprehensive phenomena of a volcanic eruption, especially in Papandayan volcano.  

  18. ANALISIS EKONOMI DAN STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN EKOWISATA (STUDI KASUS KAWASAN WISATA GUNUNG SALAK ENDAH KABUPATEN BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pini Wijayanti

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism has beeb a part of commodity that widely used by a region government as one finance development resources. Practically, the tourism development must be directed tosustainable tourism ,which is one form is ecological tourism (ecotorism. The data of tourism sector of Indonesia shows significant growth on domestic tour. The present government of Indonesia is striving for ecotourism activity which one of them is located in conservation area, hoping that it can give significant economic impact as well as perform conservation effort . bogor regency is a tourism object in Indonesia that placed not farm from Jakarta. From the potential natural resources view, bogor has many natural torism spot except puncak that one of them is salak endah mountain tourism area (GSE placed in west region .this area has ten tourism objects with steady increasing visit trend. The increasing tourism will certainly influence the tourismdevelopment itself and at last it will also impact the economic development in that region. The study concerning economic contribution of tourism activity on a certain region, and yet can not indicate the benfit of natural resources existence for recreation. A whole study about economic assessment includes economic impact assessment and environmental services assessment from a resource for an activity of recreation will give a comprehensive economic assessment , as arecommendation to formulate tourism management strategy in that region

  19. EFFECT OF GROUND VIBRATION TO SLOPE STABILITY, CASE STUDY LANDSLIDE ON THE MOUTH OF RAILWAY TUNNEL, GUNUNG GAJAH VILLAGE, LAHAT DISTRICT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moamar Aprilian Ghadafi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Slope stability around railway tunnel in Gunung Gajah Village, Lahat District needs to be analysed due to landslide which occurred on January, 23th 2016. That analysis needs to be done so that the railway transportation system can run safely. The purposes of this research are: to find out the factors that cause slope instability, to find out peak acceleration caused by railway traffic and earthquakes and its effects to the safety factor of slope, and determine stabilization method in order to prevent the occurrence of further landslide. The research activities include surveying, sampling, laboratory testing and analyzing slope stability using pseudo-static approach. Based on research result, the main factors that cause slope instability are morphology, structural geology, and ground vibration caused by earthquakes. Ground vibration are correlated to the slope instability. It shows that the higher of peak acceleration the lower of safety factor of slope. To prevent the occurrence of further landslide around research area, stabilization method should be applied in accordance with the conditions in that area such as building a retaining wall to increase safety factor of slope, building draining channels to reduce run off and performing shotcrete in the wall of landslide in order to avoid weathering.

  20. SISTEM TELEMETRI SIMULASI MITIGASI BENCANA KEGEMPAAN DAN DETEKSI PENINGKATAN KADAR KONDUKTIVITAS BELERANG PADA GUNUNG BERAPI BERBASIS WIRELESS 802.15.4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuhananisa P

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian laboratorium tentang sistem simulasi telemetri kebencanaan ini dilaksanakan fokus pada beberapa bagian dari parameter kebencanaan untuk mengetahui karakter dari gejala alam yang terjadi. Parameter yang diamati adalah konduktifitas kadar belerang pada perairan gunung berapi dan intensitas gempa yang terjadi. Tehnik yang dilakukan adalah dengan perancangan alat instrumentasi dengan menggunkan sensor getar meas vibration sensor dan elektroda tembaga sebagai sensor konduktivitas belerang. Data yang diperoleh dikirimkan dengan sistem telemetri menggunakan Xbee wireless dengan protokol 802.15.4. Data yang telah dikirimkan berupa data analog yang diubah dalam bentuk analogue to digital converter (ADC. Parameter yang dikontrol dalam simulasi ini adalah volume cairan sebesar 10 ml, serta suhu ruang sebesar 32 °C dan kelembapan sebesar 73%. Hasil-hasil data yang terkirim pada instrumen penerima tercatat bahwa besar konduktivitas untuk masa 0 gr sebesar 0.01361 KΩ-1. Untuk data mulai 5.011 gr hingga 20.002 gr besarnya konduktivitas adalah antara 0.01000 KΩ-1hingga 0.01418 KΩ-1. Data sensor getaran antara percobaan 0 gr hingga 20.002 gr besarnya dalam satuan tegangan bernilai 2.752 volt meningkat sampai 3.724 volt.Kata Kunci: Xbee, Konduktivitas, Sensor getar, Simulasi, Simulasi Wireless

  1. Recovery of a lowland dipterocarp forest twenty two years after selective logging at Sekundur, Gunung Leuser National Park, North Sumatra, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolly - Priatna

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available PRIATNA, D.; KARTAWINATA, K.; ABDULHADI, R. 2004. Recovery of a lowland dipterocarp forest twenty two years after selective logging at Sekundur, Gunung Leuser National Park, North Sumatra, Indonesia. Reinwardtia 12 (3: 237–255. — A permanent 2-ha plot of lowland forest selectively logged in 1978 at Sekundur, Gunung Leuser National Park, which is also a Biosphere Reserve and a World Heritage Site, North Sumatra, was established and investigated in 1982. It was re-examined in 2000, where remeasurement and reidentification of all trees with DBH 10 cm were made. The areas of gap, building and mature phases of the canopy were also measured and mapped. Within this plot, 133 species, 87 genera and 39 families were recorded, with the total number of trees of 1145 or density of 572.5/ha. Euphorbiaceae was the richest family with 18 species (13.5 % of the total and total number of trees of 248 (21.7 % of the total or density of 124 trees/ha. The most important families were Dipterocarpaceae with IV (Importance Value = 52.0, followed by Euphorbiaceae with IV = 51.8. The most prevalent species was Shorea kunstleri (Dipterocarpaceae with IV =24.4, followed by Macaranga diepenhorstii (Euphorbiaceae with IV = 12.4. They were the species with highest density, 34 trees/ha and 23.5 trees/ha, respectively. During the period of 18 years there has been no shift in the richest families, most important families and most important species. Euphorbiaceae was the richest family and Dipterocarpaceae was the most important family, with Shorea kunstleri as the most important species with highest importance value throughout the period. The number of species increased from 127 to 133 with increase in density by 36.8% , from 418.5 trees/ha to 572.5 trees/ha. The mortality was 25.57 % or 1.4 % per year. The diameter class distribution indicated that the forest recovery has not been complete. Trees were small, comprising 67.6 % with diameters of 10-20 cm and only two trees

  2. Elder care, old-age security and social change in rural Yogyakarta, Indonesia = De zorg voor en bestaanszekerheid van ouderen tegen de achtergrond van sociale veranderingen in ruraal Yogyakarta, Indonesië

    OpenAIRE

    Keasberry, I.N.

    2002-01-01

    This thesis describes the significance of the living conditions and care arrangements of older persons for their old-age security in the villages of Kebonagung (regency of Bantul) and Giriwungu (regency of Gunung Kidul) in the Special Region of Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

    The world population is ageing. The United Nations designated the year 1999 as 'The Year of the Older Person', thereby recognising and reaffirming that the global population is ageing at an unprecedente...

  3. MODEL PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN TAMAN WISATA ALAM GUNUNG MEJA MANOKWARI PAPUA BARAT (Model Environmental Management of Meja Mountain Natural Manokwari West Papua (Model Environmental Management of Meja Mountain Natural Manokwari West Papua

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalsen Basna

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Model pengelolaan lingkungan hutan Taman Wisata Alam Gunung Meja mencapai lingkungan keberkelanjutan apabila aspek ekologis, ekonornis, dan sosial budaya yang dinarnis diperlukan suatu konsep model lingkungan yang permanen dalam pengelolaannya. Model lingkungan adalah perwakilan sebuah objek dalam bentuk aktual atau situasi rill yang ditentukan secara sadar dan terencana. Penelitian ini bertujuan (i menganalisis model sistem blok, (2 mengontruksi model rekayasa struktur hutan tanaman lokal campuran sebagai pengedalian lingkungan masa kini, (3 mengonstuksi model arahan lingkungan pengelolaan wisata alam yang berbasis bisnis konservasi.Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah memadukan sumber informasi lingkungan dari data penginderaan jauh, peta tematik, sistem informasi geografis (SIG, dan survei lapangan. Populasi sampel mengenai kerusakan lingkungan dipilih dari peta satuan lahan sesuai dengan liputan citra lansat thematic mapper (TM atau enhanced thematic mapper (ETM seluruh kawasan dan survei lapangan.Hasil penelitian, adalah (1 perumusan model berdasarkan kondisi permasalahan yang terdiri atas model sistem blok berdasarkan blok daerah datar, daerah tangkapan air satu atau daerah dengan kerapatan hutan yang tinggi, blok kerapatan sedang atau daerah tangkapan air dua, blok daerah pernanfaatan dan blok rehabilitasi; (2 mengontruksi model rekayasa struktur hutan tanaman lokal campuran untuk pengendalian lingkungan masa kini berdasarkan stratifikasi tajuk; dan (3 menginstruksi model arahan pengelolaan lingkungan wisata alam yang berbasis bisnis konservasi berdasarkan pada pengembagan jalur pariwisata dan model pengembangan bisnis konservasi. ABSTRACT Model environmental management of forests Meja Mountain Natural Park has achieved thenvironmental aspects of sustainability where ecological, economic and socio-cultural dynamic. At present a concept model of the environment, that can be permanently implied in its management is

  4. Gunung api maar di Semenanjung Muria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutikno Bronto

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol2no1.20074Three maars are well identifi ed in the Muria Peninsula, i.e. Bambang Maar, Gunungrowo Maar, and Gembong Maar. The maars were formed by monogenetic volcanic eruptions due to the interaction between heat source (magma, groundwater and calcareous basement rocks. This interaction is able to produce very high pressure of gas and steam causing phreatic explosions, followed by phreatomagmatic- or even magmatic explosions and ended by a lava extrusion. Satellite image analyses have recognized twelve circular features, comprising Bambang Maar, Gunungrowo Maar, and Gembaong Maar. Phisiographically, these maars are characterized by circular depressions which are surrounded by hills that are gently sloping down away from the crater or having a radier pattern morphology. Outcrops and drilling core in the circular areas that are considered as volcanic maars are lava fl ows, pyroclastic breccias, lapillistones, and tuffs, located far away from the eruption centres of Muria and Genuk Volcanoes. One of the circular features, i.e. Jepara Circular Feature, is also supported by negative anomaly (<30 mgal showing a circular pattern. In the future, a maar volcano could possibly erupt depending on the tectonic reactivity in the region.  

  5. Studi Preferensi Konsumen Terhadap Produk Sepatu Gunung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wandhansari Sekar Jatiningrum

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Research on consumer preferences on mountain shoe products is crucial. Mountain shoes are an important tool in mountain climbing activities that are at risk. Errors in the design of a mountain shoe cause inconvenience to consumers. This article discusses the factors that affect consumer satisfaction of mountain shoe products, so get the appropriate product design. Data processing is done by Kano method that shows response from respondent tend to spread. Another finding is that the number of values between categories in some attributes has an insignificant difference. Determination of Kano category is done by using Kano's satisfaction coefficient graph. The results show that the dominating category is must-be, ie 9 attributes need to be a priority because it is a basic need that must be met.

  6. Analisis Foto Jurnalistik Bencana Gunung Sinabung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syahir Syahir

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Analysis of Journalism Photo of Sinabung Mountain Disaster (Study On SINDOnews.com News Site was analyzed by using Pierce semiotics that was about sign, object, and interpretant. Data sources were primary data sources (photographs and secondary data sources (literature that supports primary data such as dictionaries, internet, theses, books. The method used in this study is a qualitative research method that is descriptive analysis, ie research that provides an objective picture, with Pierce analysis of photojournalism. Of the total images posted since April 2, 2015 to May 5, 2015. This study chose 11 representative journalistic photos. Photo journalism classified from the category of preaching photo before Mount Sinabung erupted, when the volcano erupted, the impact of the eruption of Mount Sinabung and the response from the Sinabung disaster. The conclusion of the research showed that 1. From every area rubric, most of the news published was spot news. This can be seen from the rubric of North Sumatera about Sinabung mountain disaster. 2. From the results of Pierce's semiotics analysis on the SINDOnews.com news site about Sinabung mountain disaster, obtained that each photo displayed must have their respective elements, especially for the caption element, should be more.

  7. Motorcycle Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    An article in NASA Tech Briefs describing a vacuum bagging process for forming composite parts helped a small Oklahoma Company to improve its manufacturing process. President of Performance Extremes, Larry Ortega, and his partners make motorcycle parts from carbon/epoxy to reduce weight. Using vacuum bags, parts have a better surface and fewer voids inside. When heat used in the vacuum bag process caused deformation upon cooling, a solution found in another tech brief solved the problem. A metal plate inside the vacuum bag made for more even heat transfer. A third article described a simple procedure for repairing loose connector pins, which the company has also utilized.

  8. Body parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayiter, Elif

    2010-01-01

    In this project, the artist wishes to examine corporeality in the virtual realm, through the usage of the (non)-physical body of the avatar. An art installation created in the virtual world of Second Life, which is meant to be accessed with site specific avatars, will provide the creative platform whereby this investigation is undertaken. Thus, "body parts" seeks to challenge the residents of virtual environments into connecting with the virtual manifestations, i.e., avatars of others in an emotionally expressive/intimate manner.

  9. (segunda parte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José María Oliva-Martínez

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es la continuación de otro anterior (Oliva, 2004, ambos dedicados al estudio de la importancia del pensamiento analógico en la construcción histórica de la noción de fuerza gravitatoria y del modelo de Sistema Solar. En aquella ocasión analizamos dicho papel durante el período comprendido desde las antiguas civilizaciones hasta llegar a la revolución copernicana con científicos como Copérnico, Gilbert, Kepler o el propio Galileo. En esta segunda parte, se continúa con algunos de los razonamientos analógicos proporcionados desde la vertiente mecanicista, capitaneada por Descartes y desde la tradición subsiguiente que se desarrolló en línea con la utilización del método de la analogía como criterio argumentativo (Huyghens, Hooke, Bernoulli, etc.. Dedicamos asimismo un capítulo aparte a la figura de Newton, quien continúa con dicha tradición en su intento de explicar la naturaleza de la gravitación. Finalmente se procede, a modo de síntesis, a realizar una clasificación de distintos tipos de razonamientos analógicos aportados en el desarrollo histórico en torno a estos temas, estudiando el papel científico y divulgativo de cada uno

  10. Pengaruh Kinerja Mengajar Guru, Keterlibatan Orang Tua, Aktualisasi Diri Terhadap Motivasi Berprestasi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwi Junianto

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of teacher’s teaching performance, parents’ involvement, and self-actualization to the XII grade students’ achievement motivation of light vehicle subject in SMK of Gunung Kidul regency. This study is a quantitative study using ex post facto design. The population of the study was 535 students with 237 samples chosen using proportional random sampling. The data collection technique was questionnaires. The data from the study was analyzed by regression analysis. The result of the study showed that there was significant effect of teachers’ teaching performance, parents’ involvement and self-actualization that were 0,160, 135, and 0,304 respectively.

  11. TIPE MEDIASI IBU RUMAH TANGGA TERHADAP KESELAMATAN INTERNET ANAK DAN REMAJA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inasari Widiyastuti

    2017-12-01

    Pengguna internet terbesar berada di usia produktif, sebagian besar di antara mereka adalah anak dan remaja. Mereka adalah generasi IoT yang memiliki kemampuan beradaptasi dengan teknologi karena terlahir dalam paparan teknologi maju. Aktivitas anak berinternet cenderung didukung dan difasilitasi oleh lingkungan, terutama keluarga. Padahal bahaya mengintai anak ketika berinternet yang kerap diabaikan orang tua. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat literasi digital dan upaya perlindungan yang diberikan ibu rumah tangga terhadap aktivitas anak dan remaja menggunakan gadget serta berinternet. Survey dilakukan pada ibu rumah tangga peserta pelatihan Internet Safety Online yang diselenggarakan oleh BPPKI Yogyakarta dan Dinas Kominfo Kab. Kulonprogo serta Kab. Gunung Kidul. Hasil survey menunjukkan, ibu rumah tangga memiliki tingkat literasi digital yang baik. Meski demikian, sebagaian besar menerapkan tipe mediasi restriktif dengan membatasi penggunaan waktu. Tidak banyak yang menerapkan tipe mediasi teknik karena merasa tidak mampu mengoperasikan TIK sebaik anaknya.

  12. The dominant factors affecting agricultural land use (rice field change in Yogyakarta Special Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Sabari Yunus

    2013-07-01

    The research shows that the period of 1980 - 2000 in Yogyakarta Special Province has indicated very significantly the increase in population, the development of road and the extension of built up area. For the time being, agricultural land mainly in Sleman Regency, Bantul Regency and Yogyakarta Municipality has decreased. Sleman regency performed the largest decrease of rice field and followed after then by Bantul regency and Yogyakarta Municipality. The regency of Kulon Progo and Gunung Kidul have experienced reverse phenomenon i.e. the increase of rice field during this period. Individually or simultaneously, three variables used in this research (number of people, road's length and built up area have significantly influenced the agricultural land use.

  13. Rural Depopulation Pattern at Yogyakarta Special Province (DIY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Baiquni

    2004-01-01

    This paper is based on a secondary data research i.e. statistical data at rural levels in Yogyakarta, thematics maps and other documents. Statistical methodes and map pattern analysis are employed to analysis data. The result of this research are as follows: a the rural depopulation in DIY can be found in 189 rural areas of 393 rural areas (48.09%; b the spatial distribution of the rural depopulation are in Gunung Kidul District (80 rural areas, Kulon Progo District (59 rural areas Sleman District (33 rural areas, and Bantul District (17 rural areas; c the rural depopulation in Yogyakarta at least related to six factors whih have been identified as out – migration, local resources, carrying capacity, geographycal location or accessibility, rural infrastructure, and service availability.

  14. Parts, Axial Parts, and Next Parts in Kannada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Amritavalli

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Nouns meaning ‘place, region’ and ‘part’ are compounded in Kannada with a `bleached’ noun (a putative postposition to form AxPart and Part readings. As in other languages, the AxPart or ‘region’ reading does not pluralize, does not permit adjectival modification, and allows for MeasureP modification (unlike the part reading. AxParts may also be formed out of nouns by the fusion of a dative marker or a genitive marker with the N; these case markers introduce the Place element. The dative case may be optionally overt (e.g. pakka-kke ‘side-dative,’ ‘to a side’, or covert (in AxParts like munde ‘front’. The genitive marker gives a sense of immediate adjacency that we designate the NextPart reading. Interestingly, the dative and genitive cases in Kannada also allow nouns to assume the function of predicative and attributive adjectives.

  15. Extreme events in total ozone over Arosa – Part 2: Fingerprints of atmospheric dynamics and chemistry and effects on mean values and long-term changes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. E. Rieder

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study the frequency of days with extreme low (termed ELOs and extreme high (termed EHOs total ozone values and their influence on mean values and trends are analyzed for the world's longest total ozone record (Arosa, Switzerland. The results show (i an increase in ELOs and (ii a decrease in EHOs during the last decades and (iii that the overall trend during the 1970s and 1980s in total ozone is strongly dominated by changes in these extreme events. After removing the extremes, the time series shows a strongly reduced trend (reduction by a factor of 2.5 for trend in annual mean. Excursions in the frequency of extreme events reveal "fingerprints" of dynamical factors such as ENSO or NAO, and chemical factors, such as cold Arctic vortex ozone losses, as well as major volcanic eruptions of the 20th century (Gunung Agung, El Chichón, Mt. Pinatubo. Furthermore, atmospheric loading of ozone depleting substances leads to a continuous modification of column ozone in the Northern Hemisphere also with respect to extreme values (partly again in connection with polar vortex contributions. Application of extreme value theory allows the identification of many more such "fingerprints" than conventional time series analysis of annual and seasonal mean values. The analysis shows in particular the strong influence of dynamics, revealing that even moderate ENSO and NAO events have a discernible effect on total ozone. Overall the approach to extremal modelling provides new information on time series properties, variability, trends and the influence of dynamics and chemistry, complementing earlier analyses focusing only on monthly (or annual mean values.

  16. INTERPRETASI STRUKTUR BAWAH PERMUKAAN GUNUNG MURIA MENGGUNAKAN ANALISA DATA GRAVITASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasrun Balulu

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A geophysical survey using gravity method was carried out in Muria  volcano. This research aimed to interpret the subsurface geology condition of the research area based on gravity data analysis. Research area is (47,6 x 45 km2    with 222 observation  points. Gravitymeter  LaCoste & Romberg type G-1118 MVR was used to    measure the  gravity field, and differential method of Global Positioning System (GPS was used to measure the position and elevation. Data processing was performed to gain complete Bouguer  anomaly of both residual and  regional. Bouguer density using graphical method resulted to the value of 2.67 gr/cm3.  Transformation to a horizontal plane was performed obtain by using equivalent mass method with horizontal level’s height of 1602 meters beyond the spheroid reference and equivalent The separation of regional anomaly and residual  anomaly  was  generated  through  upward  continuation  method  and  resulted  to  regional anomaly in the height of  15000 meters up the spheroid reference. The residual anomaly acquired by subtract the regional anomaly toward the complete Bouguer anomaly in a horizontal plane. The subsurface modelling of Muria  volcano and its surrounding was acquired from  Grav2DC for Windows. The result shows that Muria volcano and its surrounding was regionally controlled by rock resulted from volcanic processes as lava (density 2,91 gr/cm3. This volcanic rock due to the gravity collapse performed a caldera filled by andesit (density 2,58 gr/cm3. Another rock which is deposited in  Muria  volcano  are  tuff  from  Muria  Tuff  (density  2,4  gr/cm3,  tuff  sandstone  from  Patiayam formation (density 2,5 gr/cm3,  limestone from Bulu formation (density 2,7 gr/cm3, and  limestone from Ngrayong formation (density 2,8 gr/cm3. Keywords:Bouguer anomaly, Regional anomaly, Residual anomaly,  Modeling, Subsurface stracture.

  17. Pertumbuhan Gunung Api Anak Krakatau setelah letusan katastrofi s 1883

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IGAN SUPRIATMAN SUTAWIDJAJA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol1no3.20063Since its appearance in 1929, Anak Krakatau Volcano has been growing fastly. The elevation of Anak Krakatau Volcano from 1930 to 2005, within 75 years, has reached 315 m high. The growth rate is approximated to be four meters per year in average. Based on calculation, the volume of the body from the sea fl oor since 1927 until 1981 was 2.35 km3, and then in 1983 was 2.87 km3 and then in 1990 it reached 3.25 km3. The latest volume measurement in 2000, was 5.52 km3. Between 1992 up to 2001, within nine years, the eruption of Anak Krakatau took place almost every day, and it had caused its elevation to increase more than 100 m, and its area extent to become 378,527 m2. If the increase in height and the increase in volume are consistent, it is expected that in 2020, the volume of Anak Krakatau’s edifi ce will proceed the volume of Rakata Volcano, Danan Volcano, and Perbuwatan Volcano (11.01 km3 shortly before catastrophic eruption in 1883. Since this volcano appeared above the sea level, the succession of vegetation never came up to a climax, except some of the species, such as Saccharum sp. and Casuarina sp. those are growing faster after the eruption stopped. The growth of coral reef on the lava fl ows that entered the sea about ten years ago, was much slower than those which are growing around the Rakata, Panjang and Sertung Islands. This case is probably due to the slow rate of cooling process of the lava fl ows, although the lava surfaces are blocky.  

  18. Komunikasi Lingkungan untuk Mitigasi Bencana Erupsi Gunung Sinabung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puji Lestari

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to find a model of environmental communications for disaster mitigation eruption of Mount Sinabung at Karo district of North Sumatra. This research also aims at increasing public awareness and government in improving the effectiveness of disaster communications in Sinabung. Organizational Information Theory is used as concept of his study. The research uses descriptive qualitative method by employing data collection techniques such as Focus Group Discussion (FGD and interviews on communication training for disaster mitigation at Sinabung. The research located in Karo district of North Sumatra, particularly at Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD, Department of Communication and Information Technology, and Kesbanglinmas, Head sub district, Head of village, and volunteers. The result of this research is a model of environmental communications to support early warning system in Sinabung.

  19. Part C and Part D Compliance Actions

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This page includes results from CMSs Past Performance Review. The report called Spring 2014 Past Performance Review Outlier Results lists MA organizations and Part D...

  20. Diagonals part one

    OpenAIRE

    van de Rakt, Jan; McCarthy-Grunwald, Steven

    2015-01-01

    The diagonals are muscle structures that hold and moves our body. In this article (part one) we explore the development of these diagonals from childhood and the enhancement of them in professional athletes Part two will then explore what happens when neurological diseases damage these muscle pattern. Neurological disease will affect how the diagonals work more than orthopedic diseases, due to its dependency on structures within the brain. Although these parts of the brain are not yet identif...

  1. Standard biological parts knowledgebase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galdzicki, Michal; Rodriguez, Cesar; Chandran, Deepak; Sauro, Herbert M; Gennari, John H

    2011-02-24

    We have created the Knowledgebase of Standard Biological Parts (SBPkb) as a publically accessible Semantic Web resource for synthetic biology (sbolstandard.org). The SBPkb allows researchers to query and retrieve standard biological parts for research and use in synthetic biology. Its initial version includes all of the information about parts stored in the Registry of Standard Biological Parts (partsregistry.org). SBPkb transforms this information so that it is computable, using our semantic framework for synthetic biology parts. This framework, known as SBOL-semantic, was built as part of the Synthetic Biology Open Language (SBOL), a project of the Synthetic Biology Data Exchange Group. SBOL-semantic represents commonly used synthetic biology entities, and its purpose is to improve the distribution and exchange of descriptions of biological parts. In this paper, we describe the data, our methods for transformation to SBPkb, and finally, we demonstrate the value of our knowledgebase with a set of sample queries. We use RDF technology and SPARQL queries to retrieve candidate "promoter" parts that are known to be both negatively and positively regulated. This method provides new web based data access to perform searches for parts that are not currently possible.

  2. Controlled parts management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boyle, C.M.; Hidalgo, S.P.; Martinez, B.J.

    2004-01-01

    The Controlled Parts Management (CPM) system is based on industry standard practices for managing inventory. CPM is designed to record the movement of any type of inventory in a defined region referred to as an Account or SubAccount. The system is used to track the receiving, processing, storing and transfer of inventory parts. CPM provides information on parts, quantity and the exact location of the inventory. CPM is a barcode-based-part tracking system currently used to track controlled parts that are used in the R and D and testing of weapons; this tracking helps maintain the part pedigree that is required for certification of a weapon or weapon test. CPM includes bar code data collection software programmed into portable bar code readers for automating physical inventory services and remote transaction capture. CPM interfaces to other Engineering systems and supports a 'material content' of a weapons test through the test Bill of Materials and assignment of a unique inventory part in CPM. Additional functionality includes the ability to group or join parts, logically or physically and temporary or permanent, to represent discrete parts, containers, subassemblies and assemblies, and groupings.

  3. Standard biological parts knowledgebase.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Galdzicki

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available We have created the Knowledgebase of Standard Biological Parts (SBPkb as a publically accessible Semantic Web resource for synthetic biology (sbolstandard.org. The SBPkb allows researchers to query and retrieve standard biological parts for research and use in synthetic biology. Its initial version includes all of the information about parts stored in the Registry of Standard Biological Parts (partsregistry.org. SBPkb transforms this information so that it is computable, using our semantic framework for synthetic biology parts. This framework, known as SBOL-semantic, was built as part of the Synthetic Biology Open Language (SBOL, a project of the Synthetic Biology Data Exchange Group. SBOL-semantic represents commonly used synthetic biology entities, and its purpose is to improve the distribution and exchange of descriptions of biological parts. In this paper, we describe the data, our methods for transformation to SBPkb, and finally, we demonstrate the value of our knowledgebase with a set of sample queries. We use RDF technology and SPARQL queries to retrieve candidate "promoter" parts that are known to be both negatively and positively regulated. This method provides new web based data access to perform searches for parts that are not currently possible.

  4. Loose part monitoring device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nomura, Hiroshi.

    1992-01-01

    The device of the present invention estimates a place where loose parts occur and structural components as the loose parts in a fluid flow channel of a reactor device, to provide information thereof to a plant operator. That is, the device of the present invention comprises (1) a plurality of detectors disposed to each of equipments constituting fluid channels, (2) an abnormal sound sensing device for sensing signals from the detectors, (3) an estimation section for estimating the place where the loose parts occur and the structural components thereof based on the signals sensed by the abnormal sound sensing section, (4) a memory section for storing data of the plant structure necessary for the estimation, and (5) a display section for displaying the result of the estimation. In such a device, the position where the loose parts collide against the plant structural component and the energy thereof are estimated. The dropping path of the loose parts is estimated from the estimation position. Parts to be loose parts in the path are listed up. The parts on the list is selected based on the estimated energy thereby enabling to determine the loose parts. (I.S.)

  5. Play your part

    CERN Document Server

    Ramsey, Gaynor

    1978-01-01

    Play your part is a collection of then situations in which students have to take on the roles of particular people and express their opinions, feelings or arguments about the situation. Play your part is intended for use with advanced students of English.

  6. Introduction to Part 3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Nils Holger

    2015-01-01

    A brief contextualising discussion of Western Music History and its relations to Theological Aesthetical Thought since Carolingian Times as an introduction to 3 music articles in Part 3 of the volume.......A brief contextualising discussion of Western Music History and its relations to Theological Aesthetical Thought since Carolingian Times as an introduction to 3 music articles in Part 3 of the volume....

  7. Chicken feet: Part two.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kessel, D F

    1997-08-01

    This article is the second part of the story of a trip taken by the author to Guatemala, Central America in 1996. It was a part of Operation Kids, which is sponsored by the Christian Children's Fund in Richmond, VA. The author and her fellow medical staff represented the Plastic Surgery Division of the Medical College of Virginia Hospitals.

  8. Male hypogonadism (Part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ye.V. Luchytskyy

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The first part of the review presents the current data on the prevalence of male hypogonadism, methods of diagnosing different forms of hypogonadism, describes the clinical manifestations of the most common forms of this disease.

  9. Workshop 96. Part III

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-12-01

    Part III of the proceedings contain 155 contributions in various fields of science and technology including nuclear engineering, environmental science, and biomedical engineering. Out of these, 10 were selected to be inputted in INIS. (P.A.)

  10. Loose part monitoring device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Muto, Takashi.

    1990-01-01

    The object of the present invention is to eliminate unnecessary information caused by sounds which requires no analysis since the sound source is apparent. The loose parts monitoring device comprises detectors attached to an equipment constituting a flow channel, a signal controller for outputting a predetermined signal based on the signals from the detectors and a judging means for outputting an alarm upon occurrence of loose parts based on each of signal controllers. Information for a specific combination of a plurality of detectors and specific time difference are stored in the judging means. Then erroneous signals are removed by comparison between the stored information and the number of signals from a plurality of detectors within a predetermined time. Thus, in the case of predetermined combination signals, i.e., noises due to plant operation (control rod operation, etc.), for which the sound source is previously recognized, can be eliminated from loose parts signals. (T.M.)

  11. Matrix comparison, Part 2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schneider, Jesper Wiborg; Borlund, Pia

    2007-01-01

    The present two-part article introduces matrix comparison as a formal means for evaluation purposes in informetric studies such as cocitation analysis. In the first part, the motivation behind introducing matrix comparison to informetric studies, as well as two important issues influencing...... such comparisons, matrix generation, and the composition of proximity measures, are introduced and discussed. In this second part, the authors introduce and thoroughly demonstrate two related matrix comparison techniques the Mantel test and Procrustes analysis, respectively. These techniques can compare...... and evaluate the degree of monotonicity between different proximity measures or their ordination results. In common with these techniques is the application of permutation procedures to test hypotheses about matrix resemblances. The choice of technique is related to the validation at hand. In the case...

  12. PHP The Good Parts

    CERN Document Server

    MacIntyre, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Get past all the hype about PHP and dig into the real power of this language. This book explores the most useful features of PHP and how they can speed up the web development process, and explains why the most commonly used PHP elements are often misused or misapplied. You'll learn which parts add strength to object-oriented programming, and how to use certain features to integrate your application with databases. Written by a longtime member of the PHP community, PHP: The Good Parts is ideal for new PHP programmers, as well as web developers switching from other languages. Become familiar w

  13. Plutonium microstructures. Part 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cramer, E.M.; Bergin, J.B.

    1981-09-01

    This report is the first of three parts in which Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory metallographers exhibit a consolidated set of illustrations of inclusions that are seen in plutonium metal as a consequence of inherent and tramp impurities, alloy additions, and thermal or mechanical treatments. This part includes illustrations of nonmetallic and intermetallic inclusions characteristic of major impurity elements as an aid to identifying unknowns. It also describes historical aspects of the increased purity of laboratory plutonium samples, and it gives the composition of the etchant solutions and describes the etching procedure used in the preparation of each illustrated sample. 25 figures

  14. Workshop 96. Part II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-12-01

    Part II of the seminar proceedings contains contributions in various areas of science and technology, among them materials science in mechanical engineering, materials science in electrical, chemical and civil engineering, and electronics, measuring and communication engineering. In those areas, 6 contributions have been selected for INIS. (P.A.)

  15. Workshop 95. Part I

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-12-01

    The proceedings of the seminar contain more than 420 contributions divided into 21 areas of interest. In Part I, 144 contributions are presented from the following fields: mathematics, physics, chemistry, engineering informatics and cybernetics, computer art, and fluid mechanics. For input in INIS, 15 contributions were selected from the physics section and 1 from the chemistry section. (J.B.)

  16. MIRD methodology. Part 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rojo, Ana M.

    2004-01-01

    This lecture develops the MIRD (Medical Internal Radiation Dose) methodology for the evaluation of the internal dose due to the administration of radiopharmaceuticals. In this first part, the basic concepts and the main equations are presented. The ICRP Dosimetric System is also explained. (author)

  17. Total equipment parts configuration

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrare, J.

    1989-01-01

    Florida Power ampersand Lights's (FP ampersand L's) Turkey Point units were built prior to the establishment of American Society of Mechanical Engineers' Sec. III requirements. Since that time, FP ampersand L has voluntarily committed to procuring some spare and replacement parts in compliance with the ordering requirements of ASME Sec. III. New subsystems were designed according to ASME Sec. III requirements. In 1978, 10CFR21 of the Code of Federal Regulations was federally mandated. Environmental qualification concerns and the Three Mile Island incident further complicated the stocking and ordering of spare and replacement parts. Turkey Point assembled a team of quality assurance, quality control, and engineering people and obtained permission to directly access the store department computer so that catalog descriptions could be quickly made available for use by the plant. The total equipment parts configuration (TEPC) system was designed and developed under the direction of the procurement document review team at the Turkey Point nuclear plant. The system is a network of related computer data bases that identifies the equipment at the plant. The equipment (or components that make up a piece of equipment) is identified by a tag/component code system. Each component is further broken down by the manufacturer's parts list or bill of material. A description of the data available to the user, the ways these data can be accessed and displayed, and a description of the data bases and their relation to each other are summarized in this paper

  18. Workshop 93. Part A

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    The aim of the seminar was to present and discuss the latest results obtained in research at the Czech Technical University and collaborating institutions. Part A of the Proceedings contains 99 contributions from the following fields: physical electronics and optics, mathematics, informatics and cybernetics, and materials engineering. Two contributions were selected for INIS. (J.B.)

  19. Meatcutting Testbook, Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strazicich, Mirko, Ed.

    This document contains objective tests for each lesson in the Meatcutting Workbook, Part I (see note), which is designed for apprenticeship programs in meatcutting in California. Each of the 36 tests contains from 10 to 45 multiple-choice items. The tests are grouped according to the eight units of the workbook: the apprentice meatcutter; applied…

  20. Basic Electricity. Part 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilmer, Donald C.

    Third (part 3) in a set of four guides designed for the student interested in a vocation in electrical work, this guide includes four units: Unit VI--Ohm's Law, covering six lessons (voltage, current-flow and resistance, the Ohm's Law formula, formula for finding voltage, formula for finding resistance); Unit VII--Voltages, covering five lessons…

  1. Machine Parts as Metaphor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Gerald

    The connection between Language for Specific Purposes (LSP) and literature is discussed with examples of technical vocabulary drawn from a variety of writers, with particular attention to a sketch by the British dramatist Harold Pinter, "Trouble in the Works," which makes extensive use of the terminology of machine parts. It is noted…

  2. Pieces and Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Deborah A.; Ellis, Edith B.

    2006-01-01

    Although critical to understanding human sexuality and reproductive physiology, the male and female reproductive anatomy is often minimally covered by teachers. For teachers and students alike, it is often an embarrassing topic to discuss. This activity allows students and teachers to identify the parts of both reproductive systems with little…

  3. MIRD methodology. Part 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gomez Parada, Ines

    2004-01-01

    This paper develops the MIRD (Medical Internal Radiation Dose) methodology for the evaluation of the internal dose due to the administration of radiopharmaceuticals. In this second part, different methods for the calculation of the accumulated activity are presented, together with the effective half life definition. Different forms of Retention Activity curves are also shown. (author)

  4. Marketing Communication Strategies of Cultural and Tourism Departments of Gunungk Kidul and Sleman Regencies: a Comparative Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Ayu, Resa

    2010-01-01

    Yogyakarta Special Province has several attractive destinations for tourist. Bantul, Sleman, Kulon Progo, and Gunungkidul regencies have been developing many ways to attract tourists so they desire to come its regency own places. As long as we know, each regency has been working hard to promote and persuade tourists to visit some places that was offere But, in the fact, the result or the amount of tourists that visited each regency was different. Accroding data, the number of tourist who visi...

  5. Concern for older parts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Titus, E.; Spink, T.; Cookson, B.; Tenera, L.P.

    1992-01-01

    For the last half decade, regulatory expectations of the procurement process for nuclear commercial-grade safety-related materials have increase. The changes have been driven by concern for fraudulent or misrepresented parts and the loss of original equipment manufacturers. The industry responded to these concerns by developing improved procurement programs that changed how parts were specified and received and provided for verification of attributes that were critical to the successful performance of safety functions(s). Like its counterparts, Duquesne Light Company (DLCo), Beaver Valley power station began applying these enhanced requirements to procurements initiated after January 1, 1990, in response to the Nuclear Management and Resources Council initiative on dedication. Procurements prior to this data were not subject to the new requirements

  6. Workshop 93. Part B

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    The aim of the seminar was to present and discuss the latest results obtained in research at the Czech Technical University and collaborating institutions. Part B of the Proceedings contains 109 contributions from the following fields: physics; medical engineering; fluid mechanics, environmental engineering, and structural mechanics. Fourteen contributions dealing with nuclear physics, plasma physics, quantum physics, nuclear chemistry, and computational physics were selected for INIS. (J.B.)

  7. Workshop 96. Part I

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-12-01

    The proceedings of the seminar contain nearly 500 contributions divided into 22 fields of science and technology. In Part I, 167 contributions are presented in the following areas: mathematics, physics, chemistry, engineering informatics and cybernetics, computers, and fluid mechanics. For input in INIS, 19 contributions were selected from the Physics section, 2 from the Mathematics section, and 4 from the Chemistry section. (P.A.)

  8. Electricity Bill [Part 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parkinson, C.; Hogg, N.; Salmond, A.

    1988-01-01

    The paper presents the first part of the Parliamentary debate on the second reading of the Electricity Bill, House of Commons, London 1988. The Bill sets out the government's proposals for the restructuring and privatisation of the electricity supply industry throughout Great Britain. Customers and suppliers, choice for the consumer, competition promotion, security of supply, nuclear power stations, and cost, are all discussed. (U.K.)

  9. Java The Good Parts

    CERN Document Server

    Waldo, Jim

    2010-01-01

    What if you could condense Java down to its very best features and build better applications with that simpler version? In this book, veteran Sun Labs engineer Jim Waldo reveals which parts of Java are most useful, and why those features make Java among the best programming languages available. Every language eventually builds up crud, Java included. The core language has become increasingly large and complex, and the libraries associated with it have grown even more. Learn how to take advantage of Java's best features by working with an example application throughout the book. You may not l

  10. R806 (part 1)

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN PhotoLab

    1976-01-01

    R806 was designed by the BNL-CERN-Syracuse-Yale Collaboration (Bill Willis spokesman) to study large transverse momentum phenomena, and installed in intersection 8 of the ISR. The main detectors were Lithium foil transition radiation detectors to identify electrons and liquid argon calorimeters to measure the energy of the electrons and photons (among the first such calorimeters to be used in an experiment). In part 1 there were two modules, top and bottom of the horizontal beam pipe; the black vertical pipe contains the cryogenics (LN2 and Lar) and is connected to the two modules with the horizontal piping.

  11. Endocrine system: part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnstone, Carolyn; Hendry, Charles; Farley, Alistair; McLafferty, Ella

    2014-05-27

    This article, which forms part of the life sciences series and is the first of two articles on the endocrine system, examines the structure and function of the organs of the endocrine system. It is important that nurses understand how the endocrine system works and its role in maintaining health. The role of the endocrine system and the types, actions and control of hormones are explored. The gross structure of the pituitary and thyroid glands are described along with relevant physiology. Several disorders of the thyroid gland are outlined. The second article examines growth hormone, the pancreas and adrenal glands.

  12. Rickets: Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shore, Richard M; Chesney, Russell W

    2013-01-01

    Rickets is characterized by impaired mineralization and ossification of the growth plates of growing children caused by a variety of disorders, the most frequent of which is nutritional deficiency of vitamin D. Despite ample knowledge of its etiology and the availability of cost-effective methods of preventing it, vitamin D deficiency rickets remains a significant problem in developing and developed countries. This two-part review covers the history, etiology, pathophysiology and clinical and radiographical findings of vitamin D deficiency rickets. Other less frequent causes of rickets and some of the disorders entering into the differential diagnoses of rickets are also considered. Controversial issues surrounding vitamin D deficiency include determination of what constitutes vitamin D sufficiency and the potential relationship between low levels of vitamin D metabolites in many individuals and unexplained fractures in infants.

  13. LGBTQ Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perron, Tracy; Kartoz, Connie; Himelfarb, Chaya

    2017-03-01

    In addition to dealing with the normal challenges of being a teenager, many times LGBTQ youth have to deal with harassment, intimidation, and bullying on a daily basis as they disproportionately experience verbal and physical harassment while in school as a result of their sexual orientation and/or gender identity. This violence adversely affects these students' health and well-being as reflected in the depression and suicide rate among LGBTQ youth. As Part 2 of a series in articles on caring for LGBTQ youth in a school setting, this article reviews specific health risks in this group of students. School nurses can help reduce disparities in health for LGBTQ youth by understanding risk for psychological consequences of bullying and advocating for a just and responsive social school culture. Implications for school nurses include educating school staff and families as well as providing prompt and appropriate referrals for necessary psychological care.

  14. Son: Part One

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Higgie

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available It is 1842. Two Englishman set out on a Grand Tour of Europe and the Middle East. One is a young, gifted artist; the other a Gentleman. By the time they return to England, the artist has become a devotee of the Egyptian god Osiris. One night, after dining together in a small inn in Cobham, he violently murders his beloved father, believing him to be an imposter. Why? Son is a novel inspired by the life of Richard Dadd, one of the greatest Victorian painters and inmate of Bethlem Hospital - more commonly known as Bedlam. Part Two of Son will be published in Portal vol. 2, no. 1, January 2005.

  15. Part 6: Forest monitoring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    In this part the results of forest monitoring on Hungarian and Slovak territory are presented. The two countries examine the growth and the health conditions of trees in similar ways. The monitoring sites in the Slovak and Hungarian territories, included in the joint monitoring, are shown on figure. The Slovak Party has already evaluated the wood yield data for 1996, the weekly girth growth observations in 1996 were not performed yet. So far on the Hungarian side only the weekly girth growth data are available for the year 1996, the wood yield data for 1996 are being processed. In the evaluation of Hungarian side only the results obtained for the period from 1992 to 1995 were analysed. Moreover, on the Slovak side an evaluation of the health conditions of trees based on aerial was carried out. The Hungarian party did not carried out such a survey, therefore the evaluation is based only on field (on-the-spot) observations

  16. [Neurology! Adieau? (Part 2)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szirmai, Imre

    2010-05-30

    The education of neurologists is debilitated worldwide. University professors are engaged in teaching, research and patient-care. This triple challenge is very demanding, and results in permanent insecurity of University employees. To compensate for the insufficient clinical training, some institutes in the USA employ academic staff members exclusively for teaching. The formation of new subspecialties hinders the education and training of general neurologists. At present, four generations of medical doctors are working together in hospitals. The two older generations educate the younger neurologists who have been brought up in the world of limitless network of sterile information. Therefore their manual skills at the bedside and their knowledge of emergency treatment are deficient. Demographics of medical doctors changed drastically. Twice as many women are working in neurology and psychiatry than men. Integrity of neurology is threatened by: (1) Separation of the cerebrovascular diseases from general neurology. Development of "stroke units" was facilitated by the better reimbursement for treatment and by the interest of the pharmaceutical companies. Healthcare politics promoted the split of neurology into two parts. The independent status of "stroke departments" will reduce the rest of clinical neurology to outpatient service. (2) The main argumentation to segregate the rare neurological diseases was that their research will provide benefit for the diseases with high prevalence. This argumentation serves territorial ambitions. The separation of rare diseases interferes with the teaching of differential diagnostics in neurological training. The traditional pragmatic neurology can not be retrieved. The faculty of neurology could retain its integrity by the improvement of diagnostic methods and the ever more effective drugs. Nevertheless, even the progression of neurological sciences induces dissociation of clinical neurology. Neurology shall suffer fragmentation if

  17. Part II. Population

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    This monograph deals with assessment of radiological health effects of the Chernobyl accident for emergency workers (part 1) and the population of the contaminated areas in Russia (part 2). The Chernobyl emergency workers and people living in the contaminated areas of Russia received much lower doses than the population of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and it was unclear whether risks of radiation-induced cancers derived with the Japanese data could be extrapolated to the low dose range However, it was predicted as early as in 1990 that the thyroid cancer incidence might be increasing due to incorporated 131 irradiation. What conclusions can be drawn from regarding cancer incidence among emergency workers and residents of the contaminated areas in Russia and the role of the radiation factor on the basis of the registry data? Leukemia incidence. Leukemia incidence is known to be one of principal indications of radiation effects. The radiation risk for leukemias is 3-4 times higher that for solid cancers and its latent period is estimated to be 2-3 years after exposure. Results of the radiation epidemiological studies discussed in this book show that in the worst contaminated Bryansk region the leukemia incidence rate is not higher than in the country in general. Even though some evidence exists for the dose response relationship, the radiation risks appear to be not statistically significant. Since risks of leukemia are known to be higher for those who were children at exposure, long-term epidemiological studies need to be continued. The study of leukemias among emergency workers strongly suggest the existence of dose response relationship. In those who received external doses more than 0.15 Gy the leukemia incidence rate is two time higher and these emergency workers should be referred to as a group of increased radiation risk. Solid cancers. The obtained results provide no evidence to a radiation-induced increase in solid cancers among residents of the contaminated areas

  18. The subthalamic nucleus, Part I

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marani, Enrico; Heida, Tjitske; Lakke, Egbert A.J.F.; Usunoff, Kamen G.

    2008-01-01

    Part I. Development, cytology, topography and connections. This monograph on the subthalamic nucleus accentuates in Part I the gap between experimental animal and human information concerning subthalamic development, cytology, topography and connections. The light and electron microscopical cytology

  19. Medicare Utilization for Part B

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This link takes you to the Medicare utilization statistics for Part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance SMI) which includes the Medicare Part B Physician and Supplier...

  20. Development of Aircraft Sandwich Parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Křena

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available The presented paper shows the design and development process of sandwich parts. A spoiler plate and a main landing gear door are developed. Sandwich parts are made of C/E composite facings and a foam core. FE models have been used for optimization of structures. Emphasis has been placed on deformations of parts under a few load cases. Experimental tests have been used for a verification of structure parts loaded by concentrated forces.

  1. Gleason parts of bidual algebras

    OpenAIRE

    Kosiek, Marek; Rudol, Krzysztof

    2017-01-01

    It is shown that the embeding of any Gleason part of a uniform algebra into the spectrum of its second dual is an entire Gleason part. This result is based on the equality of weak-star and norm topologies on the Bear-Gleason part.

  2. Exploring Water Pollution. Part II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rillo, Thomas J.

    1975-01-01

    This is part two of a three part article related to the science activity of exploring environmental problems. Part one dealt with background information for the classroom teacher. Presented here is a suggested lesson plan on water pollution. Objectives, important concepts and instructional procedures are suggested. (EB)

  3. Part Objects and Their Location

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ole Lehrmann; Møller-Pedersen, Birger

    1992-01-01

    The notion of location of part objects is introduced, yielding a reference to the containing object. Combined with locally defined objects and classes (block structure), singularly defined part objects, and references to part objects, it is a powerful language mechanism for defining objects...

  4. Invisible orthodontics part 1: invisalign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malik, Ovais H; McMullin, Ailbhe; Waring, David T

    2013-04-01

    This paper discusses the invisible orthodontic treatment modalities of Invisalign aligners, lingual appliances and aesthetic brackets. The first part of this three-part series will discuss Invisalign aligner treatment. The second part will discuss lingual appliance treatment and the third part will focus on aesthetic brackets. The benefits and drawbacks of Invisalign treatment are considered in detail, including examples of treated cases and a review of the literature to date. Patients are increasingly requesting more aesthetic forms of orthodontic treatment. Clinicians need to be aware of the indications and limitations of such invisible therapies so that they can fully inform their patients.

  5. Condition based spare parts supply

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lin, X.; Basten, Robertus Johannes Ida; Kranenburg, A.A.; van Houtum, Geert-Jan

    2012-01-01

    We consider a spare parts stock point that serves an installed base of machines. Each machine contains the same critical component, whose degradation behavior is described by a Markov process. We consider condition based spare parts supply, and show that an optimal, condition based inventory policy

  6. Machine for dismantling metal parts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prokopov, O.I.; Loginovskiy, V.I.; Yagudin, S.Z.

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of the invention is to reduce the outlays of time for dismantling metal parts under conditions of eliminating open gas and oil gushers in operational drilling. This goal is achieved because the machine for dismantling the metal parts is equipped with a set of clamping elements arranged on the chassis, where each of them has a drive.

  7. Analisis stratigrafi awal kegiatan Gunung Api Gajahdangak di daerah Bulu, Sukoharjo; Implikasinya terhadap stratigrafi batuan gunung api di Pegunungan Selatan, Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hill Gendoet Hartono

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol4no3.20091Generally, Tertiary volcanisms in the Southern Mountains, Central Jawa were started with the formation of pillow lavas having basalt to basaltic andesite in composition. This initial stage volcanism developed into a  construction period of composite volcanoes that consist of alternating basaltic to andesitic lava flows, breccias, and tuffs. The construction period could be followed by a destructive phase, producing pumice-rich pyroclastic breccias, lapillistones, and tuffs of high silica andesite to dacite, or even rhyolite in composition. A stratigraphic measuring section at Bulu area, Sukoharjo Regency, presents an alternat- ing fine-grained andesitic volcaniclastic material and some limestones, with the total thickness is 143.33 m. The thickness of bedded volcaniclastic material tends to be thickening upward from 35 m until 90 m. The grain size of the volcaniclastic material also tends to be coarsening upward from clay size through silt and fine sand to coarse sand and granules. Paleontological analysis on fossils contained in the lime- stone gives an age of Early Miocene (N7 - N9. The volcaniclastic rocks is conformably overlain by the Mandalika Formation, comprising alternating andesitic breccias, lavas, and tuffs. These data imply that the fine-grained volcaniclastic material is an initial product of the construction period of Gajahdangak Volcano in the area, that formed the Mandalika Formation. This Formation is overlain by the Semilir Formation, composed of pumice-rich pyroclastic breccias and tuffs with dacitic composition. This as- sociated volcanic rock reflects a product of a caldera explosion or a destructive phase. Based on the characteristics of lithology of volcanic products from the initial stage, to a construction and destruction period, and compiled age data, the Southern Mountains represent formal volcanic rock units that are able to be divided into many formations.  

  8. Juhan Parts lubab investeerida teedesse / Juhan Parts ; interv. Tanel Raig

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 17. okt. lk. 13. Majandusminister Juhan Parts arutleb lahendamist vajavate küsimuste ja prioriteetsete investeeringute üle transpordisektoris. Lisa: Juhan Partsi kuus kuud ministrina

  9. Otvetshajet Juhan Parts, premjer-ministr / Juhan Parts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts selgitab Res Publica ja valitsuse korruptsioonivastast poliitikat ning loodab, et justiitsminister Ken-Marti Vaheri pakutud strateegia võitluses korruptsiooniga ei saa koalitsiooni lagunemise põhjuseks

  10. Parts hindab oma valitsust "kolmega" / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad uue valitsuskoalitsiooni moodustamist. Peaminister peab oluliseks, et uus valitsus tekiks kiiresti, ning on nõus ise uue valitsuse kokku panema

  11. Advanced modern algebra part 2

    CERN Document Server

    Rotman, Joseph J

    2017-01-01

    This book is the second part of the new edition of Advanced Modern Algebra (the first part published as Graduate Studies in Mathematics, Volume 165). Compared to the previous edition, the material has been significantly reorganized and many sections have been rewritten. The book presents many topics mentioned in the first part in greater depth and in more detail. The five chapters of the book are devoted to group theory, representation theory, homological algebra, categories, and commutative algebra, respectively. The book can be used as a text for a second abstract algebra graduate course, as a source of additional material to a first abstract algebra graduate course, or for self-study.

  12. Medicare Part D Claims Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This page contains information on Part D claims data for the purposes of research, analysis, reporting, and public health functions. These data will also be used to...

  13. Medicare Part D Program Analysis

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This page contains information on Part D program analysis performed by CMS. These reports will also be used to better identify, evaluate and measure the effects of...

  14. VULNERABILITY OF PART TIME EMPLOYEES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Dimitriu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The employee who concluded a part-time contract is the employee whose normal working hours, calculated weekly or as monthly average, is lower than the number of normal working hours of a comparable full-time employee. Part-time workers generally have the same legal status as full time workers. In fact, the vulnerability of this category of workers is not necessarily legal but rather economic: income - in proportion to the work performed, may be insufficient to cover the needs of living. However, such vulnerability may also have a certain cultural component: in some societies, professional identity is determined by the length of working hours. Also, part time work may hide many types of indirect discrimination.As a result, the part-time contract requires more than a protective legislation: it requires a strategy. This paper proposes a number of milestones of such a strategy, as well as some concrete de lege ferenda proposals.

  15. FINANCIAL FEASIBILITY ANALYSIS FOR USE "ALSTINTAN" IN RICE FARMERS IN YOGYAKARTA SPECIAL REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subagiyo1

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available research was conducted in March until August 2015 in four districts (Bantul, Gunung Kidul, Sleman and Kulon Progo. Conduct of survey method with qualitative and quantitative approaches. Primary data obtained directly from respondents, informants and observations. Respondents in this study is a provider of “alsintan” by number of 20 respondents. Secondary data were obtained through written data in field and related agencies. Results showed that management of services “alsintan” (tractors, threshers and RMU favorably with value of B/C is greater 1.0. Tractor service business advantage afforded give NPV value of IDR 13,496,519, B/C ratio of 1.23 and IRR of 50.12 percent and return on investment of 4.1 years. Technical data and economic analysis of costs and feasibility results showed that utilization of power thresher profitable and viable. Besides, B/C ratio is much larger 1.0 and the IRR is higher than prevailing interest rate of 18 percent Enterprises power tresher can be return of capital of 2.7 years. RMU concession financially feasible enough, it can be seen from the B/C is only 1.23 and Net Present Value of more than US $ 13,496,519, while the IRR is 66.88 percent higher than prevailing interest rate is currently 18 percent.

  16. Diethyl Ether Production Process with Various Catalyst Type

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widayat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Several H-zeolite and HZSM-5 catalysts was preparated and their characters have also been investigated. H-zeolit Catalyst was preparated from Natural Zeolite that obtained from Malang District and Gunung Kidul District. Diethyl ether was produced by Ethanol with concentration of 95%. This research use fixed bed reactor that 1 gram of catalyst as bed catalyst, atmospheric pressure and temperature 140oC as the operating condition. Ethanol vapor from vaporization tank was driven by 200 ml/min Nitrogen stream. The responds in this research is liquid product concentration; diethyl ether, ethanol, methanol and water concentration. The results showed that the largest ethanol conversion was produced by the use of 56.44% HZSM-5 and the largest yield of diethyl ether diethyl was produced by the use of alumina and H-zeolite catalyst. The larger ratio between natural zeolite with HCl solvent will produce the larger surface area of catalyst and ethanol conversion. The largest ethanol conversion was produced at reactan ratio 1:20.

  17. STRATEGI NAFKAH DAN KESEJAHTERAAN KELUARGA PADA KELUARGA PETANI TADAH HUJAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Sugiharto

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Creating several livelihood strategies by families is an effect of limitation faced by families. This study aimed to analyze livelihood strategies and their effects on the welfare of non-irrigated farm families in Playen District of Gunung Kidul Regency. Region that is used as a location of study was an area which was far from the capital of district and nearby area of the capital of district. The study involved 100 families interviewed using a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis and binary logistic regression. Based on indicator of family welfare level from BKKBN, the study found that the prosperous family is as much as 57.0 percent and the rest is not prosperous. Overall, the study found that majority of farmer family has mix livelihood strategies. The results showed that the age of husband which is younger, the increase of spending cost per capita, and the increase of physical capital of a family directly affect the welfare of the family. On the other hand, the kind of coping strategies of farmer family and also the location of the family does not affect the family welfare. These results indicate the absence of the influence of coping strategies towards family welfare of non-irrigated farm family in this study.

  18. An Opportunity on Exploiting of Geology and Mineral Resource Data for Regional Development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agus-Hendratno

    2004-01-01

    Indonesia archipelago have the very complex geo diversity. The complexity of geo diversity gives a lot of opportunity on exploiting of earth resources for society prosperity. In other side, the complexity of geology also gives a lot of resistance and various limitation at one particular region to expand. Hence, various data of geology as well as data of result of mapping of minerals resources (mapping at macro scale and also have detail scale) require to be managed and exploited maximally. Effort the exploiting also require various infrastructure which is concerning regulatory, technological, human resources being, market-drive of an economic geo material, social environment and culture which grow around geology data, and also availability and readiness of geology and mineral resources data. This study is expected can give a few description of how the geology and minerals resources data can be as reference in regional development planning. This paper was writed by assessment of description qualitative and comparative inter-region case study in various regency area, where writer have been involved to conduct the activity of geological mapping and mineral resources data and also involved by a discussion with a few officers of local government in so many opportunity. Some of the case study region for example : in Kampar Regency (Riau), Tanjung Jabung Timur Regency (Jambi), Biak Numfor Regency (Papua), Gunung Kidul Regency (Yogyakarta), Pacitan Regency (East Java), and also Klaten Regency (Central Java). (author)

  19. The Effect of Time dealumination and Solvent Concentration in Synthesis of Zeolite Catalyst and Catalytic Test for DiEthyl Ether Production Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widayat, Widayat; Roesyadi, A.; Rachimoellah, M.

    2009-09-01

    Ethanol is an alternative energy, but its has three distinct disadvantages as a transportation fuel. Its availability is currently limited, and it has a lower volumetric heating value and a lower Reid vapour pressure (RVP) than gasoline. This paper focuses for this disadvantages and to solve this problem can do with converts ethanol to DiEthyl Ether product. This research produced DiEthyl Ether by ethanol dehydration process with zeolite as catalyst. The catalyst synthesis from natural material from District Gunung Kidul, Indonesia. The catalyst produced with dealumination, neutralization, drying and calcination processes. The zeolite catalyst was analysed of Si/Al, X-ray Diffraction and specific surface area. The catalyst product then used for ethanol dehydration to produce DiEthyl Ether. The results shown the biggest surface area is 184,52 m 2 / gram at catalyst production at 10 hours for time dealumination. The crystallite of catalyst product is similar like shown at diffractogram of XRD analysis. The ratio Si/Al biggest is 313.7 that obtaining at catalyst production with 7 hours for time dealumination. The catalytic test use fixed bed reactor with 1 inci diameter and ethanol fermentation borth as feed. The operation condition is 150° C at temperature and atmosphere pressure. The compounds product in liquid phase are diethyl ether, methanol and water.

  20. Climate Change and Agricultural Adaptation in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bevaola Kusumasari

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This research strives to provide answers regarding adaptation patterns of farmers in confronting climate change in Indonesia. The method utilized for this research is a mixed method. Qualitative data was acquired through a series of focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with farmers and agricultural stakeholders in Gunung Kidul and Sleman, Indonesia. Additionally, the survey was carried out to 220 farmers in both research locations. The two research locations were chosen based on the difference in agricultural land. The findings of this research show that farmers understand climate change is occurring in their region and it influences their cultivation method. Farmers utilize their personal experiences as well as local practices in adapting to climate change. The impact most felt by farmers is crop failure and a decrease in quality and quantity of agricultural crops. The ensuing implication is that farmer’s income declines more and more. This research found that agricultural product cost increased by almost as much as 50%, whilst farmer’s income merely increased half of that, which is 25% since climate change has affected their farming. Responding to the matter, the strategy farmers employ is by changing the planting pattern, using soil cultivation technique, plant pest management technique, and watering/irrigation technique.

  1. Teachers' opinion about learning continuum based on student's level of competence and specific pedagogical material in classification topics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andriani, Aldina Eka; Subali, Bambang

    2017-08-01

    This research discusses learning continuum development for designing a curriculum. The objective of this study is to gather the opinion of public junior and senior high school teachers about learning continuum based on student's level of competence and specific pedagogical material in classification topics. This research was conducted in Yogyakarta province from October 2016 to January 2017. This research utilizes a descriptive survey method. Respondents in this study consist of 281 science teachers at junior and senior high school in Yogyakarta city and 4 regencies namely Sleman, Bantul, Kulonprogo, and Gunung Kidul. The sample were taken using a census. The collection of data used questionnaire that had been validated from the aspects of construct validity and experts judgements. Data were analyzed using a descriptive analysis technique. The results of the analysis show that the opinions of teachers regarding specific pedagogical material in classification topics of living things at the junior high school taught in grade VII to the ability level of C2 (Understanding). At senior high school level, it is taught in grade X with the ability level C2 (Understanding). Based on these results, it can be concluded that the opinions of teachers still refer to the current syllabus and curriculum so that the teachers do not have pure opinions about the student's competence level in classification topics that should be taught at the level of the grade in accordance with the level of corresponding competency.

  2. KARAKTERISASI NATRIUM ALGINAT DARI Sargassum sp., Turbinaria sp. DAN Padina sp. [Characterization of Sodium Alginate from Sargassum sp., Turbinaria sp. and Padina sp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahyu Mushollaeni*

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to obtain characteristics of Na-alginate from brown seaweeds. The characteristics studied include chemical, physical parameters and its functional group by FTIR. The brown seaweeds were S. crassifolium, S. polycystum, Padina australis, S. echinocarpum, S. duplicatum, S. binderi, T. conoides, T. decurrens, growing on the coral coast of Gunung Kidul Yogyakarta. Thewater content, ash content, purity, and also Pb and Hg were 12.50-13.43%; 18.20-28.59%; 15.86-28.80%; 0.083±0.01-0.36±0.04 ppm and 0.002±0.01-0.3±0.,05 ppm respectively. Physical properties of the alginate, i.e viscosity and lightness were 25-39 cps and 46.2-52.3 (yellow to light brown, respectively the average yield was 16.93-30.50%. The FTIR analysis showed that Na-alginate of the samples and standard had the same functional group.

  3. Geodetic contributions to IWRM-projects in middle Java, Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, Günter

    2010-12-01

    The district of Gunung Kidul in middle Java is one of the poorest regions in Indonesia. The essential reason is the acute water scarcity in this karst region during the months of the dry season. As a consequence of the poor living conditions many people have migrated away and therefore the development of the region is stagnating. During the last few years two projects have been initiated under the theme “Integrated Water Resources Management” in order to improve the water supply situation, both funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, and realized essentially by institutes of the University of Karlsruhe. Geodetic sub-projects are integrated into both projects. Special surveying activities had been, and have still to be, carried out to realise the geometrical basis for several other sub-projects. The particular contributions are 3D cave measurements for visualisation and planning, staking out of drilling points and construction axes, the definition of a common reference system, the surveying of the water distribution network and its technical facilities, the setting up and the management of a geographical information system (GIS), as well as special measurements such as dam monitoring or controlling of a vertical drilling machine. The paper reviews these projects and describes the geodetic activities.

  4. Parts : ministrite minevik olgu avalik / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele, mis on seotud politseinike altkäemaksu andmise avalikuks tulekuga, komissar Indrek Sirgi ametist lahkumisega ja ministrite seadusrikkumiste avalikustamisega. Kommenteerivad: Margus Leivo, Tarmo Loodus, Ain Seppik. Vt. samas: Valik saladuses peetavast teabest

  5. Dynamic loading of galvanized parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal Černý

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This work is divided into two parts: the theoretical part includes actual knowledge and points of view about degradation processes in construction materials, anticorrosion protection, zinc coat composition and high frequency fatigue. The laboratory part follow-up existing regulations contents Czech standards and formulate specifications for acquisition of objective information from acceleration la­bo­ra­to­ry tests in condensation chests, mechanical high frequency fatigue tests on pulsator machine and possibilities of evaluation of fatigue tests. Laboratory findings declare to fundamental types of damage of constructions with anticorrosion protection in real loading conditions with dynamic high frequency character. Laboratory tests were made in sulphide and chloride environments.

  6. Function Concepts for Machine Parts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Niels Henrik

    1999-01-01

    The majority of resources, like time and costs, consumed in industrial product development can be related to detailed design, i.e. the materialisation of machine parts (German Maschinenteile). Existing design theories based on a systems approach, e.g. Haberfellner [5] all have function, i...... to be identification of a purposeful behaviour concept, i.e. function for a machine part. The contribution is based on the theory of technical systems, Hubka and the domain theory, Andreasen........e. transformation from input to output or ability to deliver purposeful effects as the core concept. The units in a product which posses functions are the organs (German: Funktionsträgern). Because individual parts do not posses functions, one could argue that the design theories based on a systems approach...

  7. SPSS for Starters, Part 2

    CERN Document Server

    Cleophas, Ton J

    2012-01-01

    The first part of this title contained all statistical tests that are relevant for starters on SPSS, and included standard parametric and non-parametric tests for continuous and binary variables, regression methods, trend tests, and reliability and validity assessments of diagnostic tests. The current part 2 of this title reviews multistep methods, multivariate models, assessments of missing data, performance of diagnostic tests, meta-regression, Poisson regression, confounding and interaction, and survival analyses using log tests and segmented time-dependent Cox regression. Methods for asses

  8. Small Bowel Review - Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ABR Thomson

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Significant advances have been made in the study of the small bowel. Part I of this two-part review of the small bowel examines carbohydrates, including brush border membrane hydrolysis and sugar transport; amino acids, dipeptides, proteins and food allergy, with a focus on glutamine, peptides and macromolecules, and nucleosides, nucleotides and polyamines; salt and water absorption, and diarrhea, including antidiarrheal therapy and oral rehydration treatment; lipids (digestion and absorption, fatty acid binding proteins, intracellular metabolism, lipoproteins and bile acids; and metals (eg, iron and vitamins.

  9. Understanding quantitative research: part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoe, Juanita; Hoare, Zoë

    This article, which is the first in a two-part series, provides an introduction to understanding quantitative research, basic statistics and terminology used in research articles. Critical appraisal of research articles is essential to ensure that nurses remain up to date with evidence-based practice to provide consistent and high-quality nursing care. This article focuses on developing critical appraisal skills and understanding the use and implications of different quantitative approaches to research. Part two of this article will focus on explaining common statistical terms and the presentation of statistical data in quantitative research.

  10. Electronic parts reliability data 1997

    CERN Document Server

    Denson, William; Jaworski, Paul; Mahar, David

    1996-01-01

    This document contains reliability data on both commercial and military electronic components for use in reliability analyses. It contains failure rate data on integrated circuits, discrete semiconductors (diodes, transistors, optoelectronic devices), resistors, capacitors, and inductors/transformers, all of which were obtained from the field usage of electronic components. At 2,000 pages, the format of this document is the same as RIAC's popular NPRD document which contains reliability data on nonelectronic component and electronic assembly types. Data includes part descriptions, quality level, application environments, point estimates of failure rate, data sources, number of failures, total operating hours, miles, or cycles, and detailed part characteristics.

  11. Hydroforming of flanged tubular part

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Joo, B. D.; Jang, J. H.; Choi, M. K.; Moon, Y. H.

    2010-01-01

    Tube hydroforming is the technology that utilizes hydraulic pressure to form a tube into desired shapes inside die cavities. Recently, tube hydroforming technology draws attentions of automotive industries due to its advantages such as weight reduction, increased strength, improved quality and reduced tooling cost. Hydroformed automotive parts used as structural components in vehicle body frame or subframe often have to be structurally joined at some point. Therefore it is useful if the hydroformed automotive parts can be given a localized attachment flange. In this study, a tube hydroformed product which has flange has been formed at various processing conditions. To accomplish successful flange hydroforming process, thorough investigation on proper combination of process parameters such as internal hydraulic pressure and tool geometry has been performed. For the process design FE analysis was performed with Dynaform 5.5. With optimized die parting angle and circumferential expansion ratio, hydroforming experiments to form flange were performed and forming characteristics at various process conditions were analyzed. The results show that flanged parts can be successfully produced by tube hydroforming process.

  12. OCCUPATIONS FOR YOU, PART ONE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DES ROCHES, DEAN L.

    DEVELOPED AS PART OF A CURRICULUM PROJECT DESCRIBED IN VT 004 454 TO HELP YOUNG PEOPLE LEARN BASIC PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS OF MECHANICS AND TECHNOLOGY, THIS BOOK WAS DESIGNED TO STIMULATE INTEREST AND ANSWER QUESTIONS ABOUT VOCATIONAL CHOICE, STIMULATE INTEREST IN READING, AND PROVIDE CONTENT TO RELATE TO ACADEMIC STUDY. THE MATERIALS DEVELOPED IN…

  13. Geometric design of part feeders

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Berretty, R.-P.M.

    2000-01-01

    This thesis presents solutions for problems derived from industrial assembly and robotic manipulation. The basic tasks in a factory are manufacturing the parts, and combining them into the desired product. In automating these tasks, we want to use robot manipulators that require little or no

  14. Improved Radiography Of Wooden Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Maggie L.; Berry, Robert F., Jr.

    1990-01-01

    Technique developed to increase radiographic contrasts of inherent latent defects in wood. Involves introduction of radiopaque substance into defect site and subjecting site to penetrating radiation. Radiopaque penetrant used is commercially available fluorocarbon cleaning solvent, trichlorotrifluoroethane. Applicable in inspection of wooden aircraft components, fan and wind-turbine blades, marine parts, insulators, and other wooden components, assemblies, and structures.

  15. Machine Shop Fundamentals: Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelly, Michael G.; And Others

    These instructional materials were developed and designed for secondary and adult limited English proficient students enrolled in machine tool technology courses. Part 1 includes 24 lessons covering introduction, safety and shop rules, basic machine tools, basic machine operations, measurement, basic blueprint reading, layout, and bench tools.…

  16. Roots/Routes: Part II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, Dalene M.

    2009-01-01

    This narrative acts as an articulation of a journey of many routes. Following Part I of the same research journey of rootedness/routedness, it debates the nature of transformation and transcendence beyond personal and political paradoxes informed by neoliberalism and related repressive globalizing discourses. Through a more personal, descriptive,…

  17. Cleaning of parts for new manufacturing and parts rebuilding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doherty, Jeff

    1994-06-01

    Parts cleaning is the largest single expense, and the most time consuming activity, in rebuilding and new manufacturing. On average, 25% to 40% of the total labor and overhead burden is spent on cleaning. EPA and OSHA pressures add to the burden by making some methods and chemicals obsolete. Some of the processes and chemicals in current use will be curtailed and or outlawed in the future. How can a shops and industries make long term decisions or capital investments in cleaning and process improvements when the government keeps changing its rules? At the MART Corporation in Saint Louis, Missouri, we manufacture a line of cabinet-style batch cleaning machines known as Power Washers. Twenty years ago MART invented and patented the Power Washer process, a cleaning method that recycles wash solution and blasts contaminates as they are washed off the more heavily contaminated parts. Since the initial invention MART has continued to R&D the washing process and develop ancillary systems that comply with EPA and OSHA regulations. For applications involving new industrial parts or items requiring specification cleaned surfaces. MART provides filtration and solution conditioning systems, part drying operations, and triple rinsing. Units are available in stainless steel or higher alloys. We are not alone in the washer manufacturing business. You have many choices of cleaning solutions (no pun intended) which will perform in your operations and yield good results. As a manufacturer, we are interested in your success with our equipment. We have all heard the horror stories of companies having selected inappropriate cleaning systems and or processes which then brought the company to its knees, production wise. Assembly, appearance, warranty, and performance shortcomings of finished products can often be directly related to the cleaning process and its shortcomings.

  18. The Inconvenient Truth. Part 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Athanasiou, T.

    2007-01-01

    Essay-type of publication on what should happen next after Al Gore's presentations on the Inconvenient Truth about the impacts of climate change. The essay states in the first lines: 'We've seen the movie, so we know the first part - we're in trouble deep. And it's time, past time, for at least some of us to go beyond warning to planning, to start talking seriously about a global crash program to stabilize the climate

  19. Counterfeit Parts Prevention Strategies Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-24

    Ford, Flextronics Dale Gordon, Aerojet Rocketdyne Larry Harzstark, The Aerospace Corporation Brian Hughitt, NASA Yehwan Kim, Moog Mark King ...mechanical inputs with electrical outputs, or combinations of each. Examples of electro-mechanical parts are motors , synchros, servos, and some...Hong Kong and sold them to the U.S. Navy, defense contractors and others, marketing some of these products as “military-grade.” In its press release

  20. Workshop 97. Part I. Proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-12-01

    The complete Proceedings, in 4 volumes, contain contributions by staff members of the Czech Technical University in Prague, the Technical University in Brno, and the Technical University (former University of Mining) in Ostrava, covering all branches of science and technology dealt with by the 3 universities. Part I includes contributions in mathematics, physics, engineering informatics and cybernetics, and computers. Out of these, 13 have been input to INIS. (P.A.)

  1. Nuclear medicine. 1 part. Manual

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shlygina, O.E.; Borisenko, A.R.

    2006-01-01

    Current manual is urged to give wide-scale readers a submission on a key principles and methods of nuclear medicine, and it opportunities and restrictions in diagnostics and treatment of different diseases. Nuclear medicine is differing first of all by combination of diverse knowledge fields: special knowledge of a doctor, knowledge of physical processes bases, related with radiation, grounds of radiopharmaceutics, dosimetry. In the base of the book the 5th edition of 'Nuclear medicine' manual in 2 parts of German authors - Schicha, G.; Schober, O. is applied. In the book publishing the stuff of the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan has been worked. Modifications undergo practically all chapters: especially the second one, forth and sixth was enlarged. The 1 part of the book was published due to support of IAEA within the Technical cooperation project 'Implementation of Nuclear Medicine and Biophysics Center' (KAZ/6/007). The manual second part - devoted to applications of nuclear medicine methods for diagnostics and treatment - will be published in 2007

  2. Automated visual inspection of moving custom parts

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Davrajh, S

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Mass produced custom parts require inspection routines that can facilitate variations in product parameters such as dimensions, tolerances, and throughputs. Quality control and inspection of these parts, and part families, need to occur at higher...

  3. Unconventional material part FEM analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michal TROPP

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article covers the usability of alternative materials in vehicles construction. The paper elaborates upon the setup of the process and analysis of the results of carbon composite component FEM model. The 3D model, used for the examination, is a part of axle from alternative small electric vehicle. The analysis was conducted with the help of MSC Adams and Ansys Workbench software. Color maps of von Mises stress in material and total deformations of the component are the results of calculation.

  4. Understanding Radiation Thermometry. Part II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risch, Timothy K.

    2015-01-01

    This document is a two-part course on the theory and practice of radiation thermometry. Radiation thermometry is the technique for determining the temperature of a surface or a volume by measuring the electromagnetic radiation it emits. This course covers the theory and practice of radiative thermometry and emphasizes the modern application of the field using commercially available electronic detectors and optical components. The course covers the historical development of the field, the fundamental physics of radiative surfaces, along with modern measurement methods and equipment.

  5. Understanding Radiation Thermometry. Part I

    Science.gov (United States)

    Risch Timothy K.

    2015-01-01

    This document is a two-part course on the theory and practice of radiation thermometry. Radiation thermometry is the technique for determining the temperature of a surface or a volume by measuring the electromagnetic radiation it emits. This course covers the theory and practice of radiative thermometry and emphasizes the modern application of the field using commercially available electronic detectors and optical components. The course covers the historical development of the field, the fundamental physics of radiative surfaces, along with modern measurement methods and equipment.

  6. Part time secretarial assistant needed

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    The English National Programme at the Lycée International, Ferney-Voltaire, one of the Programmes originally set up by CERN to provide schooling for children of Members of the Personnel in their maternal language, is recruiting a part time secretarial assistant. Applications for this post should be sent as soon as possible. The closing date is the end of the day on July 19th. Applicants will find details on the ‘Staff Vacancies' page of our website: http://enpferney.org/

  7. The Sum of the Parts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gross, Fridolin; Green, Sara

    2017-01-01

    Systems biologists often distance themselves from reductionist approaches and formulate their aim as understanding living systems “as a whole”. Yet, it is often unclear what kind of reductionism they have in mind, and in what sense their methodologies offer a more comprehensive approach. To addre......-up”. Specifically, we point out that system-level properties constrain lower-scale processes. Thus, large-scale modeling reveals how living systems at the ​same time ​ are ​more and ​less than the sum of the parts....

  8. Etherify field butanes: Part 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarathy, P.R. (John Brown, Houston, TX (United States)); Suffridge, G.S. (John Brown, Tulsa, OK (United States))

    1993-02-01

    Worldwide interest in technical details concerning major components of world-scale MTBE complexes continues. Part 1 reviewed alternate scenarios for MTBE production and basic technological considerations to assess component processes for producing MTBE. Commercial technologies and cost considerations for world-scale MTBE complexes call for a focus on butane isomerization, isobutane dehydrogenation and isobutylene etherification. The paper describes isomerization; four commercial processes for dehydrogenation (Oleflex, Catofin, STAR, and FBD-4 processes); three methods for etherification (fixed bed with recycle, fixed bed tubular reactor, and catalytic distillation); and capital and production costs for the MTBE complex.

  9. Tataan Tektonika Batuan Gunung Api di Komplek Adang Kabupaten Mamuju Provinsi Sulawesi Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gde Sukadana

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Adang volcanic complexlocated in Mamuju Region, West Sulawesi can be grouped more detail into seven complexes that are Tapalang, Ampalas, Adang, Malunda, Karampuang, Sumare, and Labuan Rano. Adang complex is one of the main volcanic complexes that still can be identified with good morphological formations. This complex is composed of alkaline volcanic rocks with basic to intermediates composition that have high value of radiation dose rate caused by their radioactive mineral content. Radioactive mineral occurrences on the basaltic-andesitic rocks has never been found in Indonesia, so it becomes very interesting to do research mainly tectonic settings of the volcanic rock complex formation. The purpose of this study is to determine magmatiic typology related with the tectonic setting based on volcanic rock geochemistry using X-Ray Fluorences (XRF analysis. Adang volcanic rock is the result of a complex process of volcanism having a volcanic center and several lava domes. They are composed of phonolite to dacite rock, with ultrapotassic affinity, interpretation of data concluded that tectonic setting of magmatism formed in active continental margin (ACM. Magmatism source from vulcanic activities influenced by South WestSulawesi micro-continental crust.

  10. PENGEBLUR DAUN INDIGO PENGHASIL PASTA PEWARNA ALAMI BAGI UKM PENGRAJIN BATIK DI KECAMATAN GUNUNG PATI SEMARANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Rahayuningsih

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Pewarna alami dari daun indigo yang berupa pasta sangat mudah dalam pemrosesannya, sangat menjanjikan apabila dijadikan suatu usaha karena pengusaha batik saat ini sudah tersebar diseluruh propinsi, sehingga kedepannya batik bisa menjadi komoditi eksport dengan pemanfaatan pewarna alamiah ini. Pewarna alami dari pasta daun indigo sangat ramah lingkungan, limbah yang dihasilkan bisa menyuburkan tanaman, selain itu pola penanaman yang sangat mudah. Pasta Indigo pada proses pembuatannya berbiaya rendah, sehingga sangat menguntungkan. Hal ini bisa mensejahterakan penduduk pedesaan dengan memanfaatkan sumberdaya pedesaan dengan budidaya tanaman indigo dengan pemanfaatan lahan-lahan kosong dimana masa petiknya adalah 3 bulan dan setelah 3 tahun tanaman diganti yang baru. Metode kegiatan yang dilaksanakan adalah pelatihan dan bimbingan implementasi IPTEK sederhana melalui pengenalan sistem produksi tepat guna. Hasil yang dicapai adalah mesin pengeblur dan mesin perajang daun khusus berbahan stenlis, sehingga umur ekonomisnya panjang, alat bisa diatur sedemikian rupa sehingga hasil pemotongan daun indigo dengan mesin perajang bisa terpotong sempurna karena kalau dilakukan perendaman bisa maksimal, demikian juga mesin pengeblur sangat efektif karena tidak melakukan secara manual pada proses pengebluran. Pasta Indigo diharapkan mampu meningkatkan peran industri mikro dalam pembangunan daerah, penciptaan lapangan kerja, peningkatan pendapatan bagi Pengrajin batik, maupun yang berkeinginan menekuni usaha penghasil pasta dengan menggandeng para pengrajin batik.

  11. KARAKTERISTIK HABITAT TRENGGILING JAWA (MANIS JAVANICA DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG HALIMUN SALAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afroh Manshur

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Pangolin (Manis javanica is one of the critically endangered mammals that categorized by International Union for Conservation of Nature. Conservation efforts for M. javanica still limited caused of it’s ecological study has not been revealed. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the characteristics of M. javanica’s habitat The determination of measuring habitat using single plot based on the presence of M. javanica in a location that known by exploration method and open grid technique according the identification of footprint. M. javanica using a habitat which 9 special components that grouped into 6 the main character, namely: (1 The above canopy’s density is high category, (2 the number of plant species that used as digs of it’s prey is rarely category, (3 A source of feed is very close around the M. javanica’s den, (4 there is no competitors and predators around the M. javanica’s den, (5 a very steep slope steepness and (6 the soil’s texture is medium categorized. Chisquare test showed that M. javanica didn’t use a site as it’s habitats despite having the appropriate characteristics, if there are competitors in those area.  Keyword : anti-predator, competition, life strategies, Pholidota, thermoregulation

  12. BIODEGRADASI POLIETILENA MENGGUNAKAN BAKTERI DARI TPA (TEMPAT PEMBUANGAN AKHIR) GUNUNG TUGEL KABUPATEN BANYUMAS

    OpenAIRE

    Zusfahair; Puji Lestari; Dian Riana Ningsih; Senny Widyaningsih

    2007-01-01

    Plastic has high potency to become material that much threats human living in this earth, because made from chemical which cannot degraded by microbes in environment. The successful production and marketing of biodegradable plastics will help alleviate the problem of environmental pollution. One of biodegradable plastic that used in our live is polyethylene. This research reveals that local microbes capable to degrading of polyethylene. Biodegradation test was carried out by using bacteria in...

  13. SIKAP MASYARAKAT DAN KONSERVASI KASUS STIMULUS PAKIS SAYUR DI DESA GUNUNG BUNDER II, KECAMATAN PAMIJAHAN, BOGOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zakiyyah Zakiyyah

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Vegetable ferns (Diplazium esculentum (Retz Sw which grows in the forest directly utilized by community and often does not take into account the survival. Utilization of vegetables ferns should be in line with its preservation is to do conservation actions that are based on sustainable development in line with the Regulation of Law No. 5 In 1990 , concerning the conservation of natural resources. To support the law, community’s attitudes must be constituted in accordance with the concept of "tri-stimulus amar proconservation" which consists of the natural, benefits, and willingly stimulus. This research aims to determine how the community’s attitude toward conservation of vegetable fern. Data taken from survey results with a questionnaire of attitudes processed with aid MSI (Methods of Successive Interval to see percentage numbers of community’s attitude. Based on the results of survey on 25 respondents, community’s attitudes indicate a positive attitude supporting the conservation vegetables fern but not entirely impact on the willingly stimulus. Community had no willingness to plant vegetable ferns because of the availability are abundant, does not have the land to grow and the lack of skills on how to plant vegetables ferns.

  14. Struktur Geologi Daerah Longsor di Gunung Pawinihan, Kabupaten Banjarnegara, Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmoro Widagdo

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Fenomena longsor dapat terjadi dengan berbagai faktor pengontrol. Permasalahan yang di kaji dalam penelitian ini terutama adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan struktural antar lapisan batuan di daerah penelitian. Kondisi struktur dapat menjadi pemicu bagi fenomena longsor. Metode penelitian dilakukan dengan pengamatan dan pemetaan lapangan. Pengukuran struktur geologi berupa kedudukan lapisan batuan dan penentuan hubungan stratigrafis antar batuan dilakukan dilapangan. Pengukuran kelerengan topografi dilakukan di peta dan dilapangan. Daerah penelitian tersusun atas batu lempung dengan sisipan pasir karbonatan sebagai batuan yang tua dan juga tersusun atas breksi sebagai yang lebih muda. Batu lempung sebagai batuan yang mudah tererosi baik secara kimia maupun fisika. Erosi aktif pada batulempung memicu pergerakan masa breksi diatasnya. Hadirnya mata air pada kontak lempung-breksi juga memicu terjadinya longsor. Dengan demikian longsor di daerah penelitian dipicu oleh adanya kontak ketidakselarasan antara batuan breksi segar dan lapuk dengan batulempung di bawahnya.

  15. Karakteristik kimiawi air danau kawah Gunung Api Kelud, Jawa Timur pasca letusan tahun 1990

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eka Kadarsetia

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol1no4.20062Kelud is a strato type volcano characterized by phreatomagmatic and magmatic eruptions. Since last eruption in 1990, the volcano has showed no-more signifi cant volcanism. Currently, there is an opened westward crater lake as a remained eruption crater containing meteoric water and volcanic gases condensate generated from subsurface.Analysis result of lake water exhibits that its chemical composition was fl uctuated due to an infl uence of factors such as seasons, rates of volcanism activity and reactivity of internal chemical elements within the lake water.The volume of lake water increases during the wet season and experiences dilution to make declination of chemical components within the water. Temperature of the lake water increases as well as volcanic intensity, simultaneously to make addition of dissolved chemical compounds and elements such as SO , Cl, B, and F and creates acidic water. Fumarole/solfatara released anykind of gases, such as H O, CO , CO, HCl, SO , H S, HF, H , HBr, NH , CH , H BO , and N . Moreover interaction of andesitic rock and acidic water apparently produces ionic source of Na, K, Ca. Mg, Fe, Al including trace elements such as Zn, Li, Sr, As, Rb, Cr, Pb, Ti, Ni, Cu, Ce, and Be.The composition of crater lake water of the Kelud volcano is included into an immature water category with HCO . The fl uctuation of element, compound and gas contents within the lake water with their depletion trend during the period of 1990 – 2005 may be related to decreasing of volcanism activity in the duration of 1990 post-eruption. 

  16. STRATEGI PENYELESAIAN KONFLIK PENGUASAAN LAHAN DI LOKAPURNA TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG HALIMUN SALAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayu Gagat Prasasti

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The issue of land in Lokapurna caused by the determination of the area became a national park but there are communities in Lokapurna before there was an expansion of the National Park. This study aims to measure and compare the perception among stakeholders in Lokapurna, Measure and compare important value land tenure in lokapurna, formulated the strategies of land tenure conflict resolution at Lokapurna. The land tenure conflict in Lokapurna is caused due to a difference in perception between community with a national park management. The community was not involved when the expansion of the area because national park management feel did not have authority to conduct the review prior to the Minister of forestry Decree No. 175 in 2003. There are four alternative strategies for conflict resolution of land tenure in the Lokapurna, moving out the community as a whole from national park (relocation, developing tourism in Lokapurna, optimizing Lokapurna as a special zone and performing collaborative cooperation between TNGHS management with the  community. Keywords: conflict, land tenure, National Park, perception, strategies

  17. Perilaku Komunikasi Perempuan dan Laki-Laki di Wilayah Rawan Bencana Gunung Api

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edi Puspito

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Residents who live in volcanic regions, both men and women, have the risk of volcanic catastrophe. By obtain the latest information and understand the volcano disaster can reduce the risk.  Communication media with various advantages become an important means to access disaster information. The purpose of this study was to analyze men and women skills in the volcano disaster-prone areas in utilizing communication media and perceptions of resources. This research is a quantitative study by observation techniques.Conclusions of This study is the skill level of residents in the volcano disaster-prone areas are categorized as the low category, there is no difference in the frequency of radio, TV, and the Internet usage by citizens of both men and women, but differ in the use of HP and HT

  18. EFEKTIVITAS ECENG GONDOK (Echhornia crassipes DALAM PENYERAPAN KADMIUM (Cd PADA LEACHATE TPA GUNUNG TUGEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Lestari

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Leachate is liquid of result organic garbage that contain substance is dissolved and suspension as decomposition by microorganism. Leachate contain material organic with high level and many formed at landfill with open dumping system. Material organic in leachate can be reduced by phytoremediation with water hyacinth (Echhornia crassipes. The aim of research are know large closure of water hyacinth, long residence time and the best interaction to reduce the levels of material organic in leachate. Method of research was designed experimental based on Completely Randomized Design (CRD with Factorial Design. The first factor are closing large percentage of water hyacinth (0%, 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% and the second factor are long residence time (4 days, 5 days and 6 days. Result of research showed that is closing large of 75% is the best treatment to reducing level of Cd that is 29,279%. and long residence time of 6 days is the best treatment to reducing level of Cd that is 27,211%. Interaction closing large of 75% and long residence time of 6 days is the best treatment to reducing level of Cd that is 39,770%

  19. Keanekaragaman dan Kemerataan Spesies Anggota Ordo Anura di Lereng Selatan Gunung Merapi Tahun 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donan Satria Yudha

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Merapi volcano as one of national park is an ecotourism site which is very potential to visit. Information about species diversity for a national park is very important especially if its area fluctuated susceptibly. Two years after 2010 Merapi eruption, there are no research about species diversity and evenness of Anuran in that place. The research is carried out during June-November 2012 which is dry season. The objective of this research is to study the species diversity and evenness of Anuran in southern slope of Mount Merapi. The research is carried out in 6 locations; those are Kali Kuning, Telogo Muncar, Telogo Nirmolo, Petak Pitu, Bukit Turgo, and Bukit Plawangan. We used Visual Encounter Survey (VES method combined with transect in Kali Kuning, Telogo Muncar, and Petak Pitu. VES method combined with time search in Telogo Nirmolo and Bukit Turgo. VES method combined with track exploration in Bukit Plawangan. Species diversity is analyzed with Shanon-Wiener diversity index. Species evenness is analyzed with Pielou evenness index. Total individuals each species is counted to know species abundance. Species diversity of anuran in southern slope of Mount Merapi is consisted of 12 species’ which is distributed in 6 locations. The highest diversity and evenness of anuran is at Bukit Turgo (H’=1.31; E=0.94. The lowest diversity and evenness of anuran is at Petak Pitu (H’=0.49; E=0.3. Species diversity of anuran in southern slope of Mount Merapi is low (Bukit Turgo and Kali Kuning and very low (Bukit Plawangan, Telogo Muncar, Telogo Nirmolo, and Petak Pitu. Species evenness of anuran in southern slope of Mount Merapi is stable (Telogo Nirmolo and Bukit Turgo, still labil (Bukit Plawangan, Kali Kuning, and Telogo Muncar, and oppressed (Petak Pitu.

  20. PENGEMBANGAN POTENSI PARIWISATA, EKONOMI LOKAL BERBASIS E-COMMERCE KAWASAN WISATA GUNUNG IJEN KAB. BANYUWANGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riski Isminar Ardianti

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The era of globalization make the move into tourism industry's largest and strongest in the financing of the global economy. The development of tourism has three functions Promote the economy; Maintaining the national identity and preservation of function and quality of the environment; foster a love for the homeland and the nation. Rapid technological advances that make more rapid dissemination of information. The purpose of the study is to examine the promotion of e-commerce can increase the number of tourist visits in the tourist area of Mount Ijen and through the increase in traffic would improve the welfare of local communities. The study population was a tourist visitor Mount Ijen by taking the sampling method using a random sampling of 350 samples, data collection techniques using questionnaires and interviews. Methods of qualitative and descriptive analysis using bivariate analysis. The results of this study indicate that the tourism promotion Ijen crater through e-commerce can increase the number of tourist visits. Ijen crater tourism information through the Internet easier and cheaper to obtain travel information. With the increasing number of tourist visits Ijen crater members positive impact on the welfare of local communities, especially sulfur miners who were around tourist sites Mount Ijen.

  1. Analisis dan Strategi Komunikasi Perancangan Program Edutainment “Seri Aktivitas Alam: Gunung Meletus”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas James Darmawan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The process of visual communication strategies can be created into a good persuasive invitation. This study depicted the issues in the world of children when dealing with nature activity within the scope of volcano eruptions. This study was conducted with a qualitative approach and triadic, ethnographic in children psychological and behavioral conditions after volcanic eruption disaster. Research found the common thread between supporting and main theory related to visual communication strategies. It, then, described in detail the development of communicators to become a mascot, continued on the delivery of messages through the comics, and invited the target to experience design experience. 

  2. PENGENDALIAN KEBAKARAN HUTAN OLEH MASYARAKAT PEDULI API (MPA DI TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG CIREMAI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Fadillah

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Mount Ciremai National Park (TNGC is a National Park (TN which has enormous ecological functions, especially as a water catchment area. Forest fires in TNGC occur every year and fluctuated from year to year. Forst fires destroy ecosystems and interfere the function of TNGC. Anti Fire Community (MPA is a partnership which consist of local communities involved in forest fire control. Community partnership will never succeess without the MPA’s participation. The research objectives are to describe the perception and participation of MPA on the forest fires control in TNGC and the implementation of MPA policies. This research method is done by questionnaires, observation and interviews. The results showed that MPA positively perceive that dry season as supporting factors and community activities that involve a fire as direct factors of forest fires. The public perception is not always in line with the participation. A strong perception does not guarantee a high participation, it might be the opposit (low participation. The highest MPA’s participation in forest fires control is in forest fighting activities. Affecting factors on MPA's participation in forest fire control activities are economic factors ie wage, logistics dan goods. Occuring gap between the ideal conditions and real conditions is 80,95 percent. Perceptions which is not in line with the participation and the emerge gap is suspected to cause unoptimized of forest fire control conducted by MPA in TNGC. Keywords: forest fire control, gap, MPA, particiation, perception

  3. PERILAKU EKONOMI MASYARAKAT MISKIN DI SEKITAR KAWASAN HUTAN GUNUNG RINJANI PULAU LOMBOK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Siddik Siddik

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this research are (1 to describe behavior of household economy; (2 to analyze factors affecting the behavior of household economy; and (3 to analyze income and outcome of households on basic equilibrium level and on actual equilibrium level. The results of the research showed that the community forest programs (HKm given to the community living around the forests had opened job opportunities and income sources to the community living around Mount Rinjani Forest, and  community incomes were far above basic equilibrium level. Factors which consistently and positively affected the economic behavior of community households were the area of HKm land occupied, the diversity of household works, the access of their villages to the center of economic activities and the area of land they utilized other than HKm land. On the other hand, household incomes from government subsidies (such as BLT and Raskin and other sources outside the thriving labor tended to make household labors became lazier and poorer, which significantly and negatively affected working time and incomes of households.

  4. Hubungan Self Esteem dengan Life Satisfaction Pada Penyintas Bencana Erupsi Gunung Sinabung yang Bersuku Karo

    OpenAIRE

    Ginting, Yogi Pranata

    2017-01-01

    In this research we have examined the relation beetween Self esteem and life satisfaction on karonese the victims of Mount Sinabung’s eruption. This research involves 201 sample from 5 evacuation post eruption of Mount Sinabung. Measuring instrument used in this study is the scale of Satisfaction With Life Scale were collated Dinner and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale developed by Miller Rosenberg. This study uses Person product moment with the results of the hypothesis test showed a positive rel...

  5. AKUNTANSI LINGKUNGAN SEBAGAI STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN DAERAH WISATA GUNUNG IJEN KABUPATEN BANYUWANGI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izzato Millati

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to explore the Environmental Accounting as a management strategy of the Mount Ijen. The Mount Ijen is a tourism icon that has been recognized by the international community because of natural potentials that exist at the Mount Ijen, however, with increasing image ijen Internationally it also increases the number of tourists who visit the Mount Ijen, be it tourists in domestic and foreign. Increasing the number of tourists also have an impact, be it positive or negative impact. So it needs proper management so Ijen volcano could become sustainable natural tourist areas. This study uses a qualitative method by collecting data through interviews, observation and collection of related documents, and then analyzed using SWOT analysis, so that can know the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. The results of this research is to know that environmental accounting is an appropriate strategy in the management of the Mount Ijen environment.

  6. Neurofibromatosis: part 2--clinical management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batista, Pollyanna Barros; Bertollo, Eny Maria Goloni; Costa, Danielle de Souza; Eliam, Lucas; Cunha, Karin Soares Gonçalves; Cunha-Melo, José Renan; Darrigo Junior, Luiz Guilherme; Geller, Mauro; Gianordoli-Nascimento, Ingrid Faria; Madeira, Luciana Gonçalves; Mendes, Hérika Martins; Miranda, Débora Marques de; Mata-Machado, Nikolas Andre; Morato, Eric Grossi; Pavarino, Érika Cristina; Pereira, Luciana Baptista; Rezende, Nilton Alves de; Rodrigues, Luíza de Oliveira; Sette, Jorge Bezerra Cavalcanti

    2015-06-01

    Part 1 of this guideline addressed the differential diagnosis of the neurofibromatoses (NF): neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) and schwannomatosis (SCH). NF shares some features such as the genetic origin of the neural tumors and cutaneous manifestations, and affects nearly 80 thousand Brazilians. Increasing scientific knowledge on NF has allowed better clinical management and reduced rate of complications and morbidity, resulting in higher quality of life for NF patients. Most medical doctors are able to perform NF diagnosis, but the wide range of clinical manifestations and the inability to predict the onset or severity of new features, consequences, or complications make NF management a real clinical challenge, requiring the support of different specialists for proper treatment and genetic counseling, especially in NF2 and SCH. The present text suggests guidelines for the clinical management of NF, with emphasis on NF1.

  7. Advances in photovoltaics part 4

    CERN Document Server

    Willeke, Gerhard P

    2015-01-01

    Advances in Photovoltaics: Part Four provides valuable information on the challenges faced during the transformation of our energy supply system to more efficient, renewable energies. The volume discusses the topic from a global perspective, presenting the latest information on photovoltaics, a cornerstone technology. It covers all aspects of this important semiconductor technology, reflecting on the tremendous and dynamic advances that have been made on this topic since 1975, when the first book on solar cells-written by Harold J. Hovel of IBM-was published as volume 11 in the now famous series on Semiconductors and Semimetals. Readers will gain a behind the scenes look at the continuous and rapid scientific development that leads to the necessary price and cost reductions in global industrial mass-production. Written by leading, internationally known experts on his topic Provides an in-depth overview of the current status and perspectives of thin film PV technologies Discusses the challenges faced during th...

  8. Holding Irregularly Shaped Parts For Machining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilton, Burt W.; Wilson, Rick R.

    1988-01-01

    Part with complicated, irregular outside contours clamped for precise machining of internal passages with aid of simple method. Exterior of part cast in Rigidex, or equivalent epoxy. Forms wall to be clamped. Interior of part machined to finish of 125 microinches or finer. When machining finished, epoxy melted away by heating part to 200 degree F.

  9. Room for Sustainable Agriculture. Part 1 Advice. Part 2 Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2013-03-15

    An outline is given of the social dilemmas associated with agriculture and horticulture in the Netherlands. Ongoing innovation and accelerated sustainable development are essential to resolve these dilemmas. Given the importance of the Dutch agriculture and horticulture sector, there is every reason for the central government to play its part and help remove the obstacles to the continuing sustainable development of the sector. The Council recommends that the central government continues developing the Council's vision for agriculture and horticulture with the parties concerned, allows scope for the development of different agricultural business models, applies knowledge and innovation as drivers of continuing sustainable development, amends laws and regulations as necessary, and facilitates a permanent dialogue between the sector and society. The advisory report also sets out the Council's vision concerning the political and public debate on agriculture and horticulture. This debate is most clearly characterised by major and seemingly insurmountable differences of opinion. The Council hopes that its report will induce a shift in thinking about Dutch agriculture among politicians and society at large, so that the transitions considered necessary by the Council can be implemented more rapidly.

  10. Part 1: diagnosis and monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorota Krasowska

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Systemic sclerosis is an immune-mediated disease characterized by a chronic and progressive course. It often leads to multiorgan failure and patient disability, and contributes to significant reduction in the quality of life. Systemic sclerosis affects the skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscles, osteoarticular system and internal organs. The complexity and diversity of clinical presentations require an individual approach and multidisciplinary collaboration both at the stage of diagnosis and treatment. Critical factors in systemic sclerosis include early diagnosis, assessment of internal organ involvement, identification of patients at potential risk of organ complications, assessment of disease dynamics and activity, and implementation of optimal therapy. Part 1 presents current recommendations for the diagnostics and monitoring of patients with systemic sclerosis. Attention is given to classification criteria, clinical forms of systemic sclerosis, assessment of skin thickness and systemic sclerosis microangiopathy, significance of antinuclear antibodies, diagnosis of interstitial lung disease and pulmonary arterial hypertension, renal crisis and cardiac abnormalities, and evaluation of the gastrointestinal tract and osteoarticular and muscular systems.

  11. Commercial Parts Technology Qualification Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Mark S.

    2013-01-01

    Many high-reliability systems, including space systems, use selected commercial parts (including Plastic Encapsulated Microelectronics or PEMs) for unique functionality, small size, low weight, high mechanical shock resistance, and other factors. Predominantly this usage is subjected to certain 100% tests (typically called screens) and certain destructive tests usually (but not always) performed on the flight lot (typically called qualification tests). Frequently used approaches include those documented in EEE-INST-002 and JPL DocID62212 (which are sometimes modified by the particular aerospace space systems manufacturer). In this study, approaches from these documents and several space systems manufacturers are compared to approaches from a launch systems manufacturer (SpaceX), an implantable medical electronics manufacturer (Medtronics), and a high-reliability transport system process (automotive systems). In the conclusions section, these processes are outlined for all of these cases and presented in tabular form. Then some simple comparisons are made. In this introduction section, the PEM technology qualification process is described, as documented in EEE-INST-002 (written by the Goddard Space Flight Center, GSFC), as well as the somewhat modified approach employed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Approaches used at several major NASA contractors are also described

  12. Drilling miniature holes, Part III

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, L.K.

    1978-07-01

    Miniature components for precision electromechanical mechanisms such as switches, timers, and actuators typically require a number of small holes. Because of the precision required, the workpiece materials, and the geometry of the parts, most of these holes must be produced by conventional drilling techniques. The use of such techniques is tedious and often requires considerable trial and error to prevent drill breakage, minimize hole mislocation and variations in hole diameter. This study of eight commercial drill designs revealed that printed circuit board drills produced better locational and size repeatability than did other drills when centerdrilling was not used. Boring holes 1 mm in dia, or less, as a general rule did not improve hole location in brass or stainless steel. Hole locations of patterns of 0.66-mm holes can be maintained within 25.4-..mu..m diametral positional tolerance if setup misalignments can be eliminated. Size tolerances of +- 3.8 ..mu..m can be maintained under some conditions when drilling flat plates. While these levels of precision are possible with existing off-the-shelf drills, they may not be practical in many cases.

  13. Neuroscience in Nazi Europe Part III

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zeidman, Lawrence A; Kondziella, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    In Part I, neuroscience collaborators with the Nazis were discussed, and in Part II, neuroscience resistors were discussed. In Part III, we discuss the tragedy regarding european neuroscientists who became victims of the Nazi onslaught on “non-Aryan” doctors. Some of these unfortunate neuroscient......In Part I, neuroscience collaborators with the Nazis were discussed, and in Part II, neuroscience resistors were discussed. In Part III, we discuss the tragedy regarding european neuroscientists who became victims of the Nazi onslaught on “non-Aryan” doctors. Some of these unfortunate...

  14. Neuroscience in Nazi Europe Part III

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zeidman, Lawrence A; Kondziella, Daniel

    2012-01-01

    In Part I, neuroscience collaborators with the Nazis were discussed, and in Part II, neuroscience resistors were discussed. In Part III, we discuss the tragedy regarding european neuroscientists who became victims of the Nazi onslaught on “non-Aryan” doctors. Some of these unfortunate neuroscient......In Part I, neuroscience collaborators with the Nazis were discussed, and in Part II, neuroscience resistors were discussed. In Part III, we discuss the tragedy regarding european neuroscientists who became victims of the Nazi onslaught on “non-Aryan” doctors. Some of these unfortunate...... of neuroscience, we pay homage and do not allow humanity to forget, lest this dark period in history ever repeat itself....

  15. Word Parts and What They Mean

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/appendixa.html Appendix A: Word Parts and What They Mean To use the ... Good and Bad Procedures, Diagnosis and Surgery General Words Part Definition -ac pertaining to andr-, andro- male ...

  16. Spare Parts Management of Aging Capital Products

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Hekimoğlu (Mustafa)

    2015-01-01

    textabstractSpare parts are critical for operations of capital products such as aircraft, refineries, trucks, etc/, which require maintenance regularly. Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) bear the responsibility of undisrupted maintenance service and spare parts flow for their capital products.

  17. TSUNAMI INFORMATION SOURCES - PART 4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert L. Wiegel

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available I have expanded substantially my list of information sources on: tsunami generation (sources, impulsive mechanisms, propagation, effects of nearshore bathymetry, and wave run-up on shore - including physical (hydraulic modeling and numerical modeling. This expanded list includes the subjects of field investigations of tsunamis soon after an event; damage effects in harbors on boats, ships, and facilities; tsunami wave-induced forces; damage by tsunami waves to structures on shore; scour/erosion; hazard mitigation; land use planning; zoning; siting, design, construction and maintenance of structures and infrastructure; public awareness and education; distant and local sources; tsunami warning and evacuation programs; tsunami probability and risk criteria. A few references are on "sedimentary signatures" useful in the study of historic and prehistoric tsunamis (paleo-tsunamis. In addition to references specifically on tsunamis, there are references on long water wave and solitary wave theory; wave refraction, diffraction, and reflection; shelf and basin free and forced oscillations (bay and harbor response; seiches; edge waves; Mach- reflection of long water waves ("stem waves"; wave run-up on shore; energy dissipation. All are important in understanding tsunamis, and in hazard mitigation. References are given on subaerial and submarine landslide (and rockfall generated waves in reservoirs, fjords, bays, and ocean; volcano explosive eruptions/collapse; underwater and surface explosions; asteroid impact. This report is in two parts: 1 Bibliographies, books and pamphlets, catalogs, collections, journals and newsletters, maps, organizations, proceedings, videos and photos; 2 Articles, papers, reports listed alphabetically by author.Many papers on the Indian Ocean (Sumatra tsunami of 26 December 2004, were given at the 22nd IUGG International Tsunami Symposium, Chania, Crete, 27-29 June 2005, but had not been published at the date of this report. For

  18. 30 CFR 57.19122 - Replacement parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Replacement parts. 57.19122 Section 57.19122 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Inspection and Maintenance § 57.19122 Replacement parts. Parts used to repair hoists shall have properties...

  19. 30 CFR 56.19122 - Replacement parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Replacement parts. 56.19122 Section 56.19122 Mineral Resources MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR METAL AND NONMETAL MINE... Inspection and Maintenance § 56.19122 Replacement parts. Parts used to repair hoists shall have properties...

  20. Integrative Geragogy: Part 2--Interventions and Legitimizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maderer, Peter; Skiba, Alexander

    2006-01-01

    In part 1 of this paper we presented the theory of an integrative geragogy. Integrative geragogy is a basic part of educational gerontology, dealing especially with the oldest of the old, mentally handicapped elderly people, and their potentials. In part 2 the context between theory and practice of an integrative geragogy shall be explained. We…

  1. Part-time Jobs : What Women Want?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Booth, A.L.; van Ours, J.C.

    2010-01-01

    Part-time jobs are popular among partnered women in many countries. In the Netherlands the majority of partnered working women have a part-time job. Our paper investigates, from a supply-side perspective, if the current situation of abundant part-time work in the Netherlands is likely to be a

  2. Part-time jobs : What women want?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Booth, A.L.; van Ours, J.C.

    2013-01-01

    Part-time jobs are common among partnered women in many countries. There are two opposing views on the efficiency implications of so many women working part-time. The negative view is that part-time jobs imply wastage of resources and underutilization of investments in human capital since many

  3. Antidepressant induced sexual dysfunction, part 1: epidemiology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... their compliance with medication and ultimately the prognosis of their illness. This review will be presented in two parts. The first part focuses on the prevalence of antidepressant induced sexual dysfunction and its clinical presentation both generally and in the case of individual classes of antidepressants. The second part ...

  4. NASA EEE Parts and NASA Electronic Parts and Packaging (NEPP) Program Update 2018

    Science.gov (United States)

    Label, Kenneth A.; Sampson, Michael J.; Pellish, Jonathan A.; Majewicz, Peter J.

    2018-01-01

    NASA Electronic Parts and Packaging (NEPP) Program and NASA Electronic Parts Assurance Group (NEPAG) are NASAs point-of-contacts for reliability and radiation tolerance of EEE parts and their packages. This presentation includes an FY18 program overview.

  5. Changing nature of equipment and parts qualification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bucci, R.M.

    1988-01-01

    Ideally, the original supplier of a piece of nuclear safety-related equipment has performed a qualification program and will continue to support that equipment throughout the lifetime of the nuclear power plants in which in equipment is installed. The supplier's nuclear quality assurance program will be maintained and he will continue to offer all necessary replacement parts. These parts will be identical to the original parts, certified to the original purchase order requirements, and the parts will be offered at competitive prices. Due to the changing nature of the nuclear plant equipment market, however, one or more of those ideal features are frequently unavailable when safety-related replacement equipment or parts are required. Thus, the process of equipment and parts qualification has had to adjust in order to ensure obtaining qualified replacements when needed. This paper presents some new directions taken in the qualification of replacement equipment and parts to meet changes in the marketplace

  6. RESEARCH ON PROCESSING OPERATIONS PARTS INDUSTRY LEATHER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Cucu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The leather manufacturing a product requires going through several stages in the manufacturing process by which materials are made. Stages of their characteristics involving any number of individual orassociated technological changes and differentiates depending on the particular model used equipment, raw material characteristics. Processing component parts of a leather product, includes any number of different technological transformations. Their purpose is to prepare parts for assembly, finishing or getting them an aesthetic. The leather industry meet the following processing: smoothing parts, thin parts, paint the edge sof parts.With the advent of advanced technology and new materials they have brought some operations such as peeling parts, marquetry, printing, plotting, weaving, embossing.

  7. 47 CFR 27.1133 - Protection of Part 74 and Part 78 operations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Protection of Part 74 and Part 78 operations... MHz Bands Protection of Incumbent Operations § 27.1133 Protection of Part 74 and Part 78 operations... stations with those licensees. In the event that mutually satisfactory coordination agreements cannot be...

  8. Machining Thin-Walled Cylindrical Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cimbak, Joe; Spagnolo, Jim; Kraus, Dan

    1988-01-01

    Cylindrical walls only few thousandths of inch thick machined accurately and without tears or punctures with aid of beryllium copper mandrel. Chilled so it contracts, then inserted in cylinder. As comes to room temperature, mandrel expands and fits snugly inside cylinder. Will not allow part to slide and provides solid backup to prevent deflection when part machined by grinding wheel. When machining finished, cylinder-and-mandrel assembly inserted in dry ice, mandrel contracts and removed from part.

  9. The spares provisioning problem with parts inventory

    OpenAIRE

    Abboud, Nadim E.

    1990-01-01

    In this research, we consider the spares provisioning problem, where a finite population of homogeneous machines are being deployed to meet a constant demand. While a machine is operating, it could become inoperable due to the failure of a critical built-in part in the machine. Before repairs on the machine can be initiated, however, a replacement part must be obtained. If a replacement part is available from stock, the machine is immediately transferred to the repair subsystem...

  10. Spare parts management in Bohai bay

    OpenAIRE

    Zhigao, Shangguan

    2013-01-01

    Master's thesis in Offshore technology Spare parts management plays a critical part in the Oil and gas (O&G) industry. Traditional asset management could not meet the requirement of present equipment. Due to the complexity of inventory plus limitation of offshore platform, it is one complicated issue to accomplish effective and efficient inventory control for offshore operation. Having reasonable inventory is crucial for improving the continuous efficiency for spare parts and decreasing th...

  11. Opportunistic replacement of fusion power system parts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Day, J.A.; George, L.L.

    1981-01-01

    This paper describes a maintenance problem in a fusion power plant. The problem is to specify which life limited parts should be replaced when there is an opportunity. The objective is to minimize the cost rate of replacement parts and of maintenance actions while satisfying a power plant availability constraint. The maintenance policy is to look ahead and replace all parts that will reach their life limits within a time called a screen. Longer screens yield greater system availabilities because more parts are replaced prior to their life limits

  12. An intersection algorithm for moving parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esterling, D. M.; Vanrosendale, J.

    1984-01-01

    The problem of deciding whether moving mechanical parts will collide during motion arises frequently in computer-aided design of machinery and in robotics. In machinery design, the problem becomes acute when there are various complex curved mechanical parts that will follow planned trajectories. There is a need to know at an early stage in the design process whether there will be collisions between parts necessitating changes in part shapes, trajectories, or in the overall design. This paper describes a collision detection algorithm that is guaranteed to detect a collision if one will occur, and it also computes the earliest point of contact.

  13. Ultrasonic scanning for pallet part grading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohammed F. Kabir; Daniel L. Schmoldt; Mark E. Schafer; Philip A. Araman

    2000-01-01

    Sorting and grading of wooden pallet parts are key factors for pallet manufacturing quality and pallet durability. The feasibility of ultrasonic scanning for defect detection in pallet manufacturing is examined in this report. Scanning was conducted by two pressure-contact rolling transducers in a pitch-catch arrangement. Pallet part deckboards were fed through the...

  14. Reproduce and die! Why aging? Part II

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schuiling, GA

    Whilst in part I of this diptych on aging the question why aging exists at all is discussed; this part deals with the question which mechanisms underly aging and, ultimately, dying. It appears that aging is not just an active process as such - although all kinds of internal (e.g., oxigen-free

  15. Core sampling system spare parts assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Walter, E.J.

    1995-01-01

    Soon, there will be 4 independent core sampling systems obtaining samples from the underground tanks. It is desirable that these systems be available for sampling during the next 2 years. This assessment was prepared to evaluate the adequacy of the spare parts identified for the core sampling system and to provide recommendations that may remediate overages or inadequacies of spare parts

  16. Digital dental photography. Part 1: an overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, I

    2009-04-25

    This paper is the first article in a new ten-part series on digital dental photography. Part 1 previews and outlines the contents of the subsequent papers and in addition, defines the aims and objectives of a digital dental image and the features that are required for an ideal intra-oral picture.

  17. Search Engines for Tomorrow's Scholars, Part Two

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagan, Jody Condit

    2012-01-01

    This two-part article considers how well some of today's search tools support scholars' work. The first part of the article reviewed Google Scholar and Microsoft Academic Search using a modified version of Carole L. Palmer, Lauren C. Teffeau, and Carrier M. Pirmann's framework (2009). Microsoft Academic Search is a strong contender when…

  18. A picture of part-time working

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wil Portegijs; Mariëlle Cloïn; Saskia Keuzenkamp; Ans Merens; Eefje Steenvoorden

    2008-01-01

    Original title: Verdeelde tijd. The idea that a woman should work part-time no longer raises any eyebrows in the Netherlands - not even if she has just completed her education and does not yet have children; not even if her children are grown up and no longer need much looking after. Part-time

  19. Antidepressant induced sexual dysfunction Part 1: epidemiology ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adele

    Part 2 will focus on the assessment and management of AISD. Antidepressant induced sexual dysfunction Part 1: epidemiology and clinical presentation .... Poor self esteem. SOCIAL. Cultural issues. Religious issues. Environmental issues. Interpersonal conflicts. Partner specific. Sexual activity specific. Pregnancy and ...

  20. 40 CFR 85.2105 - Aftermarket parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... aftermarket part in the maintenance or repair of a vehicle. A vehicle manufacturer that honors a valid....2107(c). (b) Except as provided in § 85.2104(h), a vehicle manufacturer may deny an emission performance warranty claim on the basis of an uncertified aftermarket part used in the maintenance or repair...

  1. Analysis of beryllium parts for cosmos 954

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hanafee, J.E.

    1978-01-01

    Operation Morning Light was conducted to search for the reactor core of Cosmos 954, the nuclear-powered Soviet satellite that crashed in the northwest territories of Canada in late January 1978. many of the satellite parts found were beryllium. This study discusses the geometry, condition, microstructure, and possible fabrication history of these beryllium parts

  2. La electricidad antes de Faraday. Parte 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Poveda Ramos

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta es la segunda y última parte de este artículo, cuya primera parte fue publicada en el número anterior de esta revista. Esta parte cubre el período de la Edad Moderna posterior al Renacimiento, hasta llegar a Faraday. Presenta los descubrimientos y los inventos que en este tramo de historia se hicieron en la teoría y en la experimentación en el campo de la electricidad, los cuales forman parte muy importante de esa ciencia, con el nombre de electrostática. Esta parte final (y el artículo completo llegan hasta Faraday porque este gran científico reunió en un solo cuerpo de conocimientos la electricidad y el magnetismo.

  3. Spatial part-set cuing facilitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Matthew R; Parasiuk, Yuri; Salgado-Benz, Jennifer; Crocco, Megan

    2016-07-01

    Cole, Reysen, and Kelley [2013. Part-set cuing facilitation for spatial information. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 39, 1615-1620] reported robust part-set cuing facilitation for spatial information using snap circuits (a colour-coded electronics kit designed for children to create rudimentary circuit boards). In contrast, Drinkwater, Dagnall, and Parker [2006. Effects of part-set cuing on experienced and novice chess players' reconstruction of a typical chess midgame position. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 102(3), 645-653] and Watkins, Schwartz, and Lane [1984. Does part-set cuing test for memory organization? Evidence from reconstructions of chess positions. Canadian Journal of Psychology/Revue Canadienne de Psychologie, 38(3), 498-503] showed no influence of part-set cuing for spatial information when using chess boards. One key difference between the two procedures was that the snap circuit stimuli were explicitly connected to one another, whereas chess pieces were not. Two experiments examined the effects of connection type (connected vs. unconnected) and cue type (cued vs. uncued) on memory for spatial information. Using chess boards (Experiment 1) and snap circuits (Experiment 2), part-set cuing facilitation only occurred when the stimuli were explicitly connected; there was no influence of cuing with unconnected stimuli. These results are potentially consistent with the retrieval strategy disruption hypothesis, as well as the two- and three-mechanism accounts of part-set cuing.

  4. Recurring part arrangements in shape collections

    KAUST Repository

    Zheng, Youyi

    2014-05-01

    Extracting semantically related parts across models remains challenging, especially without supervision. The common approach is to co-analyze a model collection, while assuming the existence of descriptive geometric features that can directly identify related parts. In the presence of large shape variations, common geometric features, however, are no longer sufficiently descriptive. In this paper, we explore an indirect top-down approach, where instead of part geometry, part arrangements extracted from each model are compared. The key observation is that while a direct comparison of part geometry can be ambiguous, part arrangements, being higher level structures, remain consistent, and hence can be used to discover latent commonalities among semantically related shapes. We show that our indirect analysis leads to the detection of recurring arrangements of parts, which are otherwise difficult to discover in a direct unsupervised setting. We evaluate our algorithm on ground truth datasets and report advantages over geometric similarity-based bottom-up co-segmentation algorithms. © 2014 The Author(s) Computer Graphics Forum © 2014 The Eurographics Association and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Spare parts classification and procurement program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adlon, K.L.; Hassaballa, M.M.

    1986-01-01

    The cost benefits have been demonstrated for an integrated program, which is currently being implemented for two PWR stations with two 1100-MW units each. The component classification efforts reduced the number of safety-related components in several systems. Furthermore, the knowledge of the component specific function has contributed to the reduction of many safety-related parts per component, in addition to ensuring the procurement of parts to the correct safety level. The use of qualified commercial grade parts and components with their lower cost and reasonable procurement lead time compared to their 10 CFR 21 counterparts has a pronounced economic effect on the utility balance sheets

  6. CRACK REASON ANALYSIS OF DAMAGED CARBONITRIDED PART

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Kocúrová

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the analysis of a damaged part, which was designed for use in a mechanical clutch of a car. The crack in the part was found during the production inspection. The aim of metallographic and fractography analyses of the fracture surfaces was to discover the reasons for the crack. The reason for creating the crack was the formation of smaller cracks in the production during pressing process of the semiproduct. These cracks even grew after the following thermochemical treatment. The fracture was initiated during the straightening process of quenched part.

  7. Aspects of silicone rubber as encapsulant for neurological prostheses. Part 4: Two-part rubbers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donaldson, P E

    1997-05-01

    The durability of the adhesion, in the presence of water, of three two-part silicone rubbers to five adherends of practical interest is examined. The results are contrasted with those obtained, in previous work, from single-part material. It is concluded that two-part rubbers promise outstanding performance in particular circumstances.

  8. Commonsense in parts : Mining part-whole relations from theweb and image tags

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tandon, Niket; Hariman, Charles; Urbani, Jacopo; Rohrbach, Anna; Rohrbach, Marcus; Weikum, Gerhard

    2016-01-01

    Commonsense knowledge about part-whole relations (e.g., screen partOf notebook) is important for interpreting user input in web search and question answering, or for object detection in images. Prior work on knowledge base construction has compiled part-whole assertions, but with substantial

  9. 12 CFR Appendix 1 to Part 24 - CD-1-National Bank Community Development (Part 24) Investments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false CD-1-National Bank Community Development (Part 24) Investments 1 Appendix 1 To Part 24 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... PUBLIC WELFARE INVESTMENTS Pt. 24, App. 1 Appendix 1 To Part 24—CD-1—National Bank Community Development...

  10. Medicare Provider Data - Part D Prescriber

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Part D Prescriber Public Use File (PUF) provides information on prescription drugs prescribed by individual physicians and other health care providers and paid...

  11. Managing EEE part standardisation and procurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serieys, C.; Bensoussan, A.; Petitmangin, A.; Rigaud, M.; Barbaresco, P.; Lyan, C.

    2002-12-01

    This paper presents the development activities in space components selection and procurement dealing with a new data base tool implemented at Alcatel Space using TransForm softwaa re configurator developed by Techform S.A. Based on TransForm, Access Ingenierie has devv eloped a software product named OLG@DOS which facilitate the part nomenclatures analyses for new equipment design and manufacturing in term of ACCESS data base implementation. Hi-Rel EEE part type technical, production and quality information are collected and compiled usingproduction data base issued from production tools implemented for equipment definition, description and production based on Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II Control Open) and Parametric Design Manager (PDM Work Manager). The analysis of any new equipment nomenclature may be conducted through this means for standardisation purpose, cost containment program and management procurement activities as well as preparation of Component reviews as Part Approval Document and Declared Part List validation.

  12. Medicare Part D Prescriber Interactive Dataset

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has prepared a public data set, the Medicare Provider Utilization and Payment Data - Part D Prescriber Public...

  13. Langevarjurid ja Pekingi part / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2010-01-01

    Kahest lühifilmist, mis linastusid 14. detsembril kinos Sõprus. Mihkel Soe dokumentaalfilmist ekstreemsportlasest Toomas Taltsist "3. 2. 1 - ilus hüpe" ja Kristin Kalamehe lühikomöödiast "Pekingi part"

  14. Medicare Part D Opioid Drug Mapping Tool

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Medicare Part D opioid prescribing mapping tool is an interactive tool that shows geographic comparisons, at the state, county, and ZIP code levels, of...

  15. Certification of Ada parts for reuse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Gregory A.; Spaulding, S. D.; Edgar, Glenn

    1986-01-01

    One of the claims made by proponents of Ada is that Ada software is highly reusable. The fact that specifications are compiled and accessible would make reusability seem easily achievable. However, specifications give only a limited amount of information about a package; moreover, a specification cannot help determine whether a package worked, or how well it worked. This problem has led to the concept of certifying Ada parts for reuse; that is, determining the worthiness of a part as a reusable component. Issues that are critical to reuse are addressed: the characterization of part performance, design for reuse, and correct utilization of parts. Current areas of study beneficial in the development of a certification process are then addressed.

  16. Part D Reconsideration Appeals Fact Sheets

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — If a Part D plan sponsor issues an adverse redetermination decision, the enrollee or the enrollees representative may appeal the decision to the Independent Review...

  17. Jeremy Bentham's essay on "Paederasty". Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crompton, L

    1978-01-01

    This is Part 2 of a transcription of Bentham's manuscript essay on "Paederasty" (1785), Part 1 of which appeared in Vol. 3, No. 4. In Part 1 Bentham argued for the decriminalization of sodomy and opposed the theories of Montesquieu and Voltaire as to its social dangers. In Part 2 Bentham speculates on its causes and alleges that the real reason such behavior is so severely punished is an irrational "antipathy" to pleasure generally and to sexual pleasure in particular. He discusses the danger of blackmail and false accusations and the punishment of lesbian acts, bestiality, and masturbation. Some miscellaneous related notes by Bentham are appended: these deal with religious fears based on the destruction of Sodom, the threat to population, the harshness of English naval law, and other topics.

  18. Smart variations: Functional substructures for part compatibility

    KAUST Repository

    Zheng, Youyi

    2013-05-01

    As collections of 3D models continue to grow, reusing model parts allows generation of novel model variations. Naïvely swapping parts across models, however, leads to implausible results, especially when mixing parts across different model families. Hence, the user has to manually ensure that the final model remains functionally valid. We claim that certain symmetric functional arrangements (sFarr-s), which are special arrangements among symmetrically related substructures, bear close relation to object functions. Hence, we propose a purely geometric approach based on such substructures to match, replace, and position triplets of parts to create non-trivial, yet functionally plausible, model variations. We demonstrate that starting even from a small set of models such a simple geometric approach can produce a diverse set of non-trivial and plausible model variations. © 2013 The Author(s) Computer Graphics Forum © 2013 The Eurographics Association and Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  19. The part-whole perception of emotion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glazer, Trip

    2018-02-01

    A clever argument purports to show that we can directly perceive the emotions of others: (1) some emotional expressions are parts of the emotions they express; (2) in perceiving a part of something, one can perceive the whole; (3) therefore, in perceiving some emotional expressions, one can perceive the emotions they express. My aim in this paper is to assess the extent to which contemporary theories of emotion support the first premise of this argument. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. CHILD WELFARE IN CANADA : PART II

    OpenAIRE

    松本, 眞一; Shinichi, Matsumoto; 桃山学院大学社会学部

    2006-01-01

    This part study aims to research on the whole aspect of child protection in Canada. And so, this paper consists of five chapters as follows: (1)Canadian history of child protection, (2)definition of child abuse, (3)current situation of child protection in Canada, (4)outline of child protection and treatment, (5)triangular comparison of child protection and prevention in Canada, Australia and England. The first efforts at identifying and combating child abuse occurred in the latter part of the...

  1. Intelligent Machine Parts with Surface Embedded Sensors

    OpenAIRE

    Østbø, Niels Peter

    2009-01-01

    A surface embedded temperature sensor has successfully been fabricated on a customized industrial bolt. The aluminum substrate of the bolt was electrically isolated by plasma electrolytic oxidation followed by the fabrication of a type T thermocouple and finally covered by a wear resistant DLC coating. This bolt is part of our work to develop smart machine parts that are capable of reporting their current physical status under real working conditions enabling both new tools for condition base...

  2. Magnetic self-assembly of small parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shetye, Sheetal B.

    Modern society's propensity for miniaturized end-user products is compelling electronic manufacturers to assemble and package different micro-scale, multi-technology components in more efficient and cost-effective manners. As the size of the components gets smaller, issues such as part sticking and alignment precision create challenges that slow the throughput of conventional robotic pick-n-place systems. As an alternative, various self-assembly approaches have been proposed to manipulate micro to millimeter scale components in a parallel fashion without human or robotic intervention. In this dissertation, magnetic self-assembly (MSA) is demonstrated as a highly efficient, completely parallel process for assembly of millimeter scale components. MSA is achieved by integrating permanent micromagnets onto component bonding surfaces using wafer-level microfabrication processes. Embedded bonded powder methods are used for fabrication of the magnets. The magnets are then magnetized using pulse magnetization methods, and the wafers are then singulated to form individual components. When the components are randomly mixed together, self-assembly occurs when the intermagnetic forces overcome the mixing forces. Analytical and finite element methods (FEM) are used to study the force interactions between the micromagnets. The multifunctional aspects of MSA are presented through demonstration of part-to-part and part-to-substrate assembly of 1 mm x 1mm x 0.5 mm silicon components. Part-to-part assembly is demonstrated by batch assembly of free-floating parts in a liquid environment with the assembly yield of different magnetic patterns varying from 88% to 90% in 20 s. Part-to-substrate assembly is demonstrated by assembling an ordered array onto a fixed substrate in a dry environment with the assembly yield varying from 86% to 99%. In both cases, diverse magnetic shapes/patterns are used to control the alignment and angular orientation of the components. A mathematical model is

  3. Sex Diversity Approach of Spiny Lobster (Panulirus spp) to Marine Oil Spill Pollution in Southern Waters of Java

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haryono, F. E. D.; Ambariyanto; Sulistyo, I.

    2018-02-01

    Coastal of southern Java waters is known as inhabit area of spiny lobster. Accumulation of hydrocarbon frequently occurs at the coastal waters as impact of oil pollution caused by oil leak from supplying ship of crude oil to Cilacap refinery. As shipping channel of oil, presence of oil spills is often detected at coastal areas of Cilacap. It can be indicated by range of sediment in the area which has risk levels in range of low to medium-low. It was, therefore, found that some locations suffered a greater impact on the ecological which giving high risk for marine organism life. Spiny lobster is one of many organism living at sea bed which threatened its life due to the presence of oil. Population of Spiny Lobster has to be protected because it has commercially valuable commodity for producing high nutrition. Considering the matters, it is therefore important to find a method for alleviating the problem. Investigation should be focused on biological aspect of spiny lobster in encountering extreme pollution at the coastal. For that purpose, a field research was conducted from January until July 2015. Using gillnet with 1 inch mesh size, the lobsters were randomly collected from southern Java districts waters. There were 1137 lobsters collected from six districts waters. Furthermore, the sample was morphologically identified and it was found that there were six species in the areas. In all area, P. homarus was found as dominant species, except in Gunung kidul district which was dominated by P. penicillatus. In term of sex diversity, there is statistically difference in number of female and male, each species no significant. Even though environment quality was very worse, there was found existence of ovigerous female in the research area as about 12% of the population. Those facts strongly indicated that the lobsters has a unique adaptation to survive in extremely low quality of environment due to marine oil spill.

  4. Optimalisasi Penggunaan Lahan dengan Sistem Agroforestri dan Pendampingan Pascapanennya di Kelompok Tani Dusun Kemuning, Gunungkidul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ambar Kusumandari

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Kemuning sub village district is located in Bunder village, Patuk, Gunung Kidul. This area is near by the Bunder forest park and Wanagama Educational Forest. Most of the people live there are farmers. As the soil is relatively unfertile, they prefer to plant trees, so they called as forest community farmers. Among the trees, they plant cassava, peanut, and corn, so it called as agroforestry. In the field, the area seems still has the opportunity that can be added to be planted. Based on this situation, in this project, the optimalization of land use was introduced to ask the farmers to plant the undergrowth species includes: zingiber, kunyit and kencur. This project was started by introducing the agroforestry system, where they can plant together both trees and non trees at the same land. The socialization was done by inviting the farmers to come to the meeting. The advantages of agroforestry was explained to them, and also the post harvesting management to produce the instant zingiber was also trained and demonstrated to the female farmers. This product is also useful for attracting the local tourist who usually come at the week end. The output of this project was the agroforestry demplot can be built in the field, so the farmers can learn and study to develope at their own land. The female farmer can also make the instant zingiber as the healthy drink.

  5. Molecular identification of marine symbiont bacteria of gastropods from the waters of the Krakal coast Yogyakarta and its potential as a Multi-Drug Resistant (MDR) antibacterial agent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahry, Muhammad Syaifudien; Pringgenies, Delianis; Trianto, Agus

    2017-01-01

    The resistance of pathogenic bacteria may occur to many types of antibiotics, especially in cases of non-compliance use of antibiotics, which likely to allow the evolution of Multi-Drug Resistant (MDR) bacteria. Gastropods seas are marine invertebrates informed capable of production of secondary metabolites as antibacterial MDR. The purpose of the study was the isolation and identification of gastropod symbiont bacteria found in the waters of Krakal, Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta, which has the ability to produce antibacterial compounds against MDR(Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, MRSA (methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus), Staphylococcus aureus, and Staphylococcus homunis) molecular. Stages of this research began with the isolation of bacteria, bacteria screening for anti-MDR compound, mass culture, and extraction, antibacterial activity test, DNA extraction, amplification by PCR 16S rDNA and sequencing. The results of the study showed that 19 isolates of bacteria were isolated from three species of gastropods namely Littorina scabra, Cypraea moneta and Conus ebraeus. Among them, 4 isolates showed activity against MDR test bacteria (E. coli, E. cloacae, K. pneumoniae, S. aureus and S. homunis). The highest activity was displayed by code LS.G1.8 isolate with the largest inhibition zone 15.47±0.45mm on S. humonis at 250 µg/disk concentration. Isolate CM.G2.1 showed largest inhibition zone, with 21.5±0.07mm on MRSA at 1000 µg/disk concentration and isolate the largest inhibition zone CM.G2.5 14.37±0.81mm on MRSA 14.37±0.81mm at concentrations 1000 µg/disk. The molecular identification of isolates LS.G1.8 has 99% homology with Bacillus subtilis and isolates CM.G2.1 has 99% homology with Bacillus pumillus.

  6. Size and Density of Artemisia annua Stomata Soaked in Water Extract of Gloriosa superba Seeds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Indah Rahmawati

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Artemisia annua is a herbaceous plant that produces artemisinin as a malaria drug, haemorrhoids therapy, aromatherapy, antiviral, anticancer and antibacterial. Gloriosa superba is a plant that contains high colchicine compounds, especially on the seeds. Gloriosa superba extracts of tubers, stems, seeds, and leaves were used as biomutagen for many plants. Colchicine contains of these plants as antimitotic have been studied and proven by the mitotic index plants. Water extracts of Gloriosa superba seeds was used as a mutagen for Artemisia annua. The aim of this study was to determine the size and density of Artemisia annua stomata soaked in water extract of Gloriosa superba seeds as a mutagen. Extraction of Gloriosa superba seeds obtained naturally on Krakal Beach, Gunung Kidul by using a maceration method with water solvent (1:1. Artemisia annua sprouts were obtained from B2P2TOOT Tawangmangu. Variables treatment on sprouts using water extract concentration of Gloriosa superba seeds and soaking time of Artemisia annua sprouts. Measurements of stomatal length, width and density were conducted in epidermis of Artemisia annua leaf. Observation and measurements of the stomata were conducted by using a light microscope. The results showed that the length and width of stomata were 0.025 mm and 0.017 mm respectively. The stomatal density of the control leaf (174.69 amount/mm2 was lower than the other treated plants. Stomatal size and density has increased with the increasing concentration extracts on treated plants. Water extracts of Gloriosa superba seeds proved the effects on stomatal size and density of treated plants.  

  7. Information Needs and Source Information of Agricultural Extension Workers in DIY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Retno Wulandari

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available One of the important factors that contribute to agricultural development is information. As such agricultural extension workers that link agricultural agencies to the farmers must have adequate and up-to-date information about agricultural practices before they could inform, educate and train the farmers in method and techniques of farming. This study aims to determine the types of information needed by agricultural extension workers; to determine the sources of information used by the agricultural extension workers; and to determine the comparison between types of information with information sources used by agricultural extension workers. The present study was a descriptive study using a survey design and conducted at Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY Province. The populations of the study consists 181 agricultural extension workers divisible in the district level, namely Sleman, Kulon Progo, Gunung Kidul dan Bantul. Sampling procedure in this study used cluster sampling. The method for gathering data from the respondents is based on a structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics was to describe the characteristics of the respondents and the dependent variables of the study. As a result, most of agricultural extension workers strongly needed the innovation information in seeking information followed by extension service information and extension role information. The result of information sources used by agricultural extension worker for extension service information, innovation information and extension role information indicates that agricultural extension workers used interpersonal source. Most of them never sought information use Internet, they use radio more frequently than television and video, agricultural extension worker also used mass media as information source.

  8. Model pelayanan air bersih perdesaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rini Dorojati

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Low coverage of clean water in Indonesia leads to minimum consumption of clean water with proper health requirement. Increasement of clean water coverage is undergoing an effort from independent community in society. This research aims to find a service model of clean water for group based rural communities. Type of this research is descriptive qualitative, with research object is clean water independent provider group, Oyo Wening Santosa community, in a village called Bunder, district of Patuk, Gunung Kidul. Data was gathered by document utilization, parsitipatory observation, in-depth interview, and focus group discussion. Data was analyzed with qualitative method. This research shows that clean water coverage organized by communiy Oyo Wening is a model of sinergy for organization that was established by concern from society and government support, emerge in a program called “Sistem Penyediaan Air Minum Ibu Kota Kecamatan” (SPAM IKK. There are 1170 households channel subscribers spread across four villages. The service procedures are applied based on local conditions. This service has some drawbacks, namely the limited knowledge of the officer, the legality of which is not owned by the organization, facilities and infrastructure, and the relatively low tarrif, Rp 3,500 per m3. In conclusion, rural water services with the model applied in Oyo Wening Sentosa showed a changing trend in people's access to clean water and the local economy has increased. The legality of the business management of water services should become a priority for the stakeholders to ensure the realization of excellent service in providing clean water.

  9. Deformasi Koseismik dan Pascaseismik Gempa Yogyakarta 2006 dari Hasil Survei GPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasanuddin Z. Abidin

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v4i4.87The Yogyakarta earthquake of 27 May 2006 occurred at 05:54 WIB with magnitude of 6.4 Mw. It shaked the region of Bantul, Yogyakarta, Sleman and Klaten for about 60 seconds. A week after the earthquake, i.e. 4-8 June 2006, a GPS survey was conducted on 48 GPS points belonging to the 2nd order national cadastral control network located in the earthquake affected region. The 2nd survey was conducted on 21-26 January 2008. The surveys were conducted using 14 dual-frequency geodetic type receivers and the Bernese 5.0 scientific software was used for data processing. The results of GPS surveys show that horizontal components of the co-seismic deformation of earthquake are generally about 10-15 cm or smaller. The GPS-derived displacement vectors and depths of aftershocks suggested the existence of left-lateral fault, with strike and dip angles of about 48o and 89o, located at about 5-10 km east of Opak Fault which is usually drawn along the Opak River. GPS surveys also estimate that horizontal components of the post-seismic deformation of Yogyakarta earthquake are about 0.3 to 9.1 cm between June 2006 and June 2008. While the co-seismic deformation shows the sinistral displacement, the post-seismic deformation indicates the dextral displacement of the eastern region of Opak Fault (Gunung Kidul area which is relative to a more stable western region.

  10. DINAMIKA SISTEM KOTA-KOTA DAN PEMILIHAN ALTERNATIF PUSAT PERTUMBUHAN BARU DI PROPINSI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Sriyanto Prakoso

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian adalah menganalisa dinamika dan variasi perkembangan sistem kota-kota dan karakter kekotaan, guna memilih atau menentukan alternatif pengembangan pusat pusat baru di Propinsi sehingga pembangunan lebih merata. Penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptifianalitis dengan analisis data sekunder. Lingkup daerah penelitian meliputi seluruh desa di Propinsi DIY, sejumlah 438 desa yang tersebar di lima Kabupaten. Variabel yang digunakan meliputi variabel demografis untuk menganalisa sistem dan hirarki kota-kota dan variabel karakter kekotaan. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan adalah Index primacy, Analisis Faktor, Crosstab dan Korelasi, Pembuatan Tipologi Wilayah. Sedangkan analisis spasial atau pemetaan dengan program Arc View. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, dinamika sistem kota-kota di Propinsi DIY sepanjang tahun 1960-2002 memperlihatkan gejala primacy atau pemusatan perkembangan di Kota Yogyakarta dan sekitarnya (pinggiran. Hal tersebut mengindikasikan adanya kesenjangan perkembangan wilayah dan beban kota semakin meningkat. Semakin tinggi peringkat wilayah, semakin dinamis perubahan yang terjadi, sena semakin tinggi karakter kekotaan yang dimilikinya. Fenomena pemusatan perkembangan yang tedadi di kota Yogyakarta dan sekitarnya merupakan bukti empiris pemusatan sistem perkotaan. Berdasarkan analisis yang komprehensif, ditetapkan kluster pusat pertumbuhan baru di lima Kabupaten Kota, yaitu Kluster Sentolo (Kabupaten Kulonprogo, Kluster Srandakan-Galur (Kabupaten Bantul, Kluster Playen-Patuk (Kabupaten Gunung Kidul, Kluster Tempel-Sleman (Kabupaten Sleman, dan Kluster Giwangan (Kota Yogyakarta. Penelitian merekomendasikan redistribusi hasil-hasil pembangunan melalui pengembangan dan penguatan pusat pertumbuhan baru, pembentukan tata ruang perwilayahan dan sistem perkotaan yang fungsional. Pusat pertumbuhan baru harus `mandiri. dan diintegrasikan dengan wilayah belakangnya (hinterland, sehingga tercipta keterkaitan fisik

  11. Development of Landscape Architecture through Geo-eco-tourism in Tropical Karst Area to Avoid Extractive Cement Industry for Dignified and Sustainable Environment and Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cahyanti, Pita A. B.; Agus, Cahyono

    2017-08-01

    Karst areas in Indonesia amounted to 154,000 km2, potentially for extractive cement and wall paint industries. Exploitation of karst caused serious problems on the environment, health and social culture of the local community. Even though, karst region as a natural and cultural world heritage also have potential environmental services such as water resources, carbon sink, biodiversity, unique landscapes, natural caves, natural attractions, archaeological sites and mystic areas. Landscape architectural management of in the concept of blue revolution through the empowerment of land resources (soil, water, minerals) and biological resources (plant, animal, human), not only have adding value of economy aspect but also our dignified and sustainable environment and life through health, environmental, social, cultural, technological and management aspects. Geo-eco-tourism offers the efficiency of investment, increased creative innovation, increased funding, job creation, social capital development, stimulation of the socio-entrepreneurship in community. Community based geo-eco-tourism in Gunung Kidul Yogyakarta rapidly growing lately due to the local government banned the exploitation of karst. Landscape architecture at the caves, white sand beaches, cliffs in karst areas that beautiful, artistic and have special rare natural architecture form of stalactite and stalagmite, become the new phenomenal interested object of geo-eco-tourism. Many hidden nature objects that had been deserted and creepy could be visited by many local and foreign tourists. Landscape architectural management on hilltops with a wide view of the universe and fresh, sunset and sunrise, the clouds country are a rare sight for modern community. Local cultural attractions, local culinary, home stay with local communities will be an added attraction, but the infrastructure and human resources should be developed. Traveler photographs that widespread rapidly through social media and mass media became a

  12. Prediction of Part Distortion in Die Casting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R. Allen Miller

    2005-03-30

    The die casting process is one of the net shape manufacturing techniques and is widely used to produce high production castings with tight tolerances for many industries. An understanding of the stress distribution and the deformation pattern of parts produced by die casting will result in less deviation from the part design specification, a better die design and eventually more productivity and cost savings. This report presents methods that can be used to simulate the die casting process in order to predict the deformation and stresses in the produced part and assesses the degree to which distortion modeling is practical for die casting at the current time. A coupled thermal-mechanical finite elements model was used to simulate the die casting process. The simulation models the effect of thermal and mechanical interaction between the casting and the die. It also includes the temperature dependant material properties of the casting. Based on a designed experiment, a sensitivity analysis was conducted on the model to investigate the effect of key factors. These factors include the casting material model, material properties and thermal interaction between casting and dies. To verify the casting distortion predictions, it was compared against the measured dimensions of produced parts. The comparison included dimensions along and across the parting plane and the flatness of one surface.

  13. Tactile mental body parts representation in obesity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scarpina, Federica; Castelnuovo, Gianluca; Molinari, Enrico

    2014-12-30

    Obese people׳s distortions in visually-based mental body-parts representations have been reported in previous studies, but other sensory modalities have largely been neglected. In the present study, we investigated possible differences in tactilely-based body-parts representation between an obese and a healthy-weight group; additionally we explore the possible relationship between the tactile- and the visually-based body representation. Participants were asked to estimate the distance between two tactile stimuli that were simultaneously administered on the arm or on the abdomen, in the absence of visual input. The visually-based body-parts representation was investigated by a visual imagery method in which subjects were instructed to compare the horizontal extension of body part pairs. According to the results, the obese participants overestimated the size of the tactilely-perceived distances more than the healthy-weight group when the arm, and not the abdomen, was stimulated. Moreover, they reported a lower level of accuracy than did the healthy-weight group when estimating horizontal distances relative to their bodies, confirming an inappropriate visually-based mental body representation. Our results imply that body representation disturbance in obese people is not limited to the visual mental domain, but it spreads to the tactilely perceived distances. The inaccuracy was not a generalized tendency but was body-part related. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Uncertainty for Part Density Determination: An Update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valdez, Mario Orlando [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2016-12-14

    Accurate and precise density measurements by hydrostatic weighing requires the use of an analytical balance, configured with a suspension system, to both measure the weight of a part in water and in air. Additionally, the densities of these liquid media (water and air) must be precisely known for the part density determination. To validate the accuracy and precision of these measurements, uncertainty statements are required. The work in this report is a revision of an original report written more than a decade ago, specifically applying principles and guidelines suggested by the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM) for determining the part density uncertainty through sensitivity analysis. In this work, updated derivations are provided; an original example is revised with the updated derivations and appendix, provided solely to uncertainty evaluations using Monte Carlo techniques, specifically using the NIST Uncertainty Machine, as a viable alternative method.

  15. Shuttle Earth Views, 1994. Part 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    In this third part of a four-part video compilation of Space Shuttle Earth views, various geographical areas are shown, including both land and water masses. The views cover South America, Asia (North Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, China, Malaysia, Thailand, Java, various islands, Burma, Philippines, Taiwan, Guam), New Guinea, Australia, Morocco, Southern Europe (Spain, Portugal, Algeria, Italy, Sicily, Greece, Former Republic of Yugoslavia, Tunisia), and parts of the Middle East (Libya, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Sinai, Cyprus, Lebanon, Iraq), the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Mediterranean, Dead, Coral, Tyrrhenian, Adriatic, Ionian, Red, South China, Mindanao, Arafura, Sulu, Java, and China Seas. Each film clip has a heading that names the shuttle and the geographical location of the footage.

  16. Pharmaceutical advertising and Medicare Part D.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakdawalla, Darius; Sood, Neeraj; Gu, Qian

    2013-12-01

    We explore how and to what extent prescription drug insurance expansions affect incentives for pharmaceutical advertising. When insurance expansions make markets more profitable, firms respond by boosting advertising. Theory suggests this effect will be magnified in the least competitive drug classes, where firms internalize a larger share of the benefits from advertising. Empirically, we find that the implementation of Part D coincides with a 14-19% increase in total advertising expenditures. This effect is indeed concentrated in the least competitive drug classes. The additional advertising raised utilization among non-elderly patients outside the Part D program by about 3.6%. This is roughly half of the direct utilization effect of Part D on elderly beneficiaries. The results suggest the presence of considerable spillover effects from publicly subsidized prescription drug insurance on the utilization and welfare of consumers outside the program. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Pharmaceutical Advertising and Medicare Part D

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakdawalla, Darius; Sood, Neeraj; Gu, Qian

    2013-01-01

    We explore how and to what extent prescription drug insurance expansions affects incentives for pharmaceutical advertising. When insurance expansions make markets more profitable, firms respond by boosting advertising. Theory suggests this effect will be magnified in the least competitive drug classes, where firms internalize a larger share of the benefits from advertising. Empirically, we find that the implementation of Part D coincides with a 14% to 19% increase in total advertising expenditures. This effect is indeed concentrated in the least competitive drug classes. The additional advertising raised utilization among non-elderly patients outside the Part D program by about 3.6%. This is roughly half of the direct utilization effect of Part D on elderly beneficiaries. The results suggest the presence of considerable spillover effects from publicly subsidized prescription drug insurance on the utilization and welfare of consumers outside the program. PMID:24308884

  18. Current and Future Parts Management at NASA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampson, Michael J.

    2011-01-01

    This presentation provides a high level view of current and future electronic parts management at NASA. It describes a current perspective of the new human space flight direction that NASA is beginning to take and how that could influence parts management in the future. It provides an overview of current NASA electronic parts policy and how that is implemented at the NASA flight Centers. It also describes some of the technical challenges that lie ahead and suggests approaches for their mitigation. These challenges include: advanced packaging, obsolescence and counterfeits, the global supply chain and Commercial Crew, a new direction by which NASA will utilize commercial launch vehicles to get astronauts to the International Space Station.

  19. Nuclear reactor with scrammable part length rod

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bevilacqua, F.

    1979-01-01

    A new part length rod is provided. It may be used to control xenon induced power oscillations but to contribute to shutdown reactivity when a rapid shutdown of the reactor is required. The part length rod consists of a control rod with three regions. The lower control region is a longer weaker active portion separated from an upper stronger shorter poison section by an intermediate section which is a relative non-absorber of neutrons. The combination of the longer weaker control section with the upper high worth poison section permits the part length rod of this to be scrammed into the core when a reactor shutdown is required but also permits the control rod to be used as a tool to control power distribution in both the axial and radial directions during normal operation

  20. Heart sounds: are you listening? Part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reimer-Kent, Jocelyn

    2013-01-01

    All nurses should have an understanding of heart sounds and be proficient in cardiac auscultation. Unfortunately, this skill is not part of many nursing school curricula, nor is it necessarily a required skillfor employment. Yet, being able to listen and accurately describe heart sounds has tangible benefits to the patient, as it is an integral part of a complete cardiac assessment. In this two-part article, I will review the fundamentals of cardiac auscultation, how cardiac anatomy and physiology relate to heart sounds, and describe the various heart sounds. Whether you are a beginner or a seasoned nurse, it is never too early or too late to add this important diagnostic skill to your assessment tool kit.

  1. Compressor Has No Moving Macroscopic Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gasser, Max

    1995-01-01

    Compressor containing no moving macroscopic parts functions by alternating piston and valve actions of successive beds of magnetic particles. Fabricated easily because no need for precisely fitting parts rotating or sliding on each other. Also no need for lubricant fluid contaminating fluid to be compressed. Compressor operates continuously, eliminating troublesome on/off cycling of other compressors, and decreasing consumption of energy. Phased cells push fluid from bottom to top, adding increments of pressure. Each cell contains magnetic powder particles loose when electromagnet coil deenergized, but tightly packed when coil energized.

  2. Aprende Ajedrez con Rey - Parte 1

    OpenAIRE

    ESTÉVEZ MONTERO, RAÚL; Lloret Mauri, Jaime

    2016-01-01

    Es una pieza audiovisual creada con el objeto de atraer la atención de los niños de muy corta edad con el ajedrez y familiarizarlos con todas sus piezas y movimientos. Es una animación dirigida a un público infantil presentada por dibujos animados en 2D, en la que se ha intentado respetar en todo momento el argot de la comunidad ajedredística. En este video se presenta la primera parte. Estévez Montero, R.; Lloret Mauri, J. (2016). Aprende Ajedrez con Rey - Parte 1. http://hdl.handle.net/1...

  3. Aprende Ajedrez con Rey - Parte 2

    OpenAIRE

    ESTÉVEZ MONTERO, RAÚL; Lloret Mauri, Jaime

    2016-01-01

    Es una pieza audiovisual creada con el objeto de atraer la atención de los niños de muy corta edad con el ajedrez y familiarizarlos con todas sus piezas y movimientos. Es una animación dirigida a un público infantil presentada por dibujos animados en 2D, en la que se ha intentado respetar en todo momento el argot de la comunidad ajedredística. En este video se presenta la segunda parte. Estévez Montero, R.; Lloret Mauri, J. (2016). Aprende Ajedrez con Rey - Parte 2. http://hdl.handle.net/1...

  4. Parts Quality Management: Direct Part Marking of Data Matrix Symbol for Mission Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moss, Chantrice; Chakrabarti, Suman; Scott, David W.

    2013-01-01

    A United States Government Accountability Office (GAO) review of twelve NASA programs found widespread parts quality problems contributing to significant cost overruns, schedule delays, and reduced system reliability. Direct part marking with Data Matrix symbols could significantly improve the quality of inventory control and parts lifecycle management. This paper examines the feasibility of using direct part marking technologies for use in future NASA programs. A structural analysis is based on marked material type, operational environment (e.g., ground, suborbital, Low Earth Orbit), durability of marks, ease of operation, reliability, and affordability. A cost-benefits analysis considers marking technology (label printing, data plates, and direct part marking) and marking types (two-dimensional machine-readable, human-readable). Previous NASA parts marking efforts and historical cost data are accounted for, including inhouse vs. outsourced marking. Some marking methods are still under development. While this paper focuses on NASA programs, results may be applicable to a variety of industrial environments.

  5. Parts : Lihula samba sünd on aasta rumalaim tegu / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts Lihula visiidist, suhtumisest julgestuspolitsei kasutamisse, valitsuskoalitsiooni koostööst erinevate probleemide lahendamisel. Siseminister Margus Leivo kommenteerib julgestuspolitsei kohalolekut Lihulas

  6. PART OF KEFFI SHEET 208 NE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Michael Horsfall

    The findings will be a benefit to Environmental Impact Assessment of Agwa mallam as the water in the area meets the National Agency for Food, Drug Administration and Control, Draft for National Standard for. Drinking water, and World Health Organization guideline. @JASEM. The study area is part of the Basement ...

  7. UK semiconductor tracker parts head for CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Holland, Colin

    2005-01-01

    The last of the 4 barrels that make up the central part of the Semiconductor Tracker (SCT), the heart of the biggest physics collaboration in the world have left Oxford for its new home at the European Particle Physics Laboratory, CERN, near Geneva

  8. Parts pakub pensionilisa kinnisvara tagatisel / Kadri Bank

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bank, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 30. jaan. lk. 4. Majandusminister Juhan Parts pakub välja ideed, mis võimaldaks pensionäril saada oma kinnisvara eest igakuist pensionilisa. Vt. samas: Skeem: Pensionilisa kinnisvara tagatisel; Vanurid koduga riskima ei tõtta. Kommenteerivad Valdek Mikkal, Triin Messimas ja Peep Sooman

  9. Structure Property Studies for Additively Manufactured Parts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milenski, Helen M [Univ. of Mexico, Los Alamos, NM (United States); Schmalzer, Andrew Michael [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Kelly, Daniel [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-08-17

    Since the invention of modern Additive Manufacturing (AM) processes engineers and designers have worked hard to capitalize on the unique building capabilities that AM allows. By being able to customize the interior fill of parts it is now possible to design components with a controlled density and customized internal structure. The creation of new polymers and polymer composites allow for even greater control over the mechanical properties of AM parts. One of the key reasons to explore AM, is to bring about a new paradigm in part design, where materials can be strategically optimized in a way that conventional subtractive methods cannot achieve. The two processes investigated in my research were the Fused Deposition Modeling (FDM) process and the Direct Ink Write (DIW) process. The objectives of the research were to determine the impact of in-fill density and morphology on the mechanical properties of FDM parts, and to determine if DIW printed samples could be produced where the filament diameter was varied while the overall density remained constant.

  10. 49 CFR Appendix - Figures to Part 38

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Figures to Part 38 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT (ADA) ACCESSIBILITY SPECIFICATIONS FOR TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES Other Vehicles and Systems Trams, and similar vehicles, and systems Pt. 38, Figures...

  11. Spare Parts Logistics and Installed Base Information

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.N. Jalil (Muhammad); R.A. Zuidwijk (Rob); M. Fleischmann (Moritz); J.A.E.E. van Nunen (Jo)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractMany of the challenges in spare parts logistics emerge due to the combination of large service networks, and sporadic/slow-moving demand. Customer heterogeneity and stringent service deadlines entail further challenges. Meanwhile, high revenues rates in service operations motivate

  12. Maintenance Centered Service Parts Inventory Control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.L. van Jaarsveld (Willem)

    2013-01-01

    textabstractHigh-tech capital goods enable the production of many services and articles that have become a part of our daily lives. Examples include the refineries that produce the gasoline we put in our cars, the photolithography systems that enable the production of the chips in our cell phones

  13. Part 7: Application of the IAWQ model

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    drinie

    The IAWQ Activated Sludge Model (ASM) No. 2 is a kinetic-based model and incorporates two simple processes for chemical precipitation and redissolution that are readily integrated with biological processes for carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus removal. This model was applied to experimental data collected as part of this ...

  14. Temporomandibular disorders and bruxism. Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kevilj, R; Mehulic, K; Dundjer, A

    2007-01-01

    Correct functioning of the entire stomatognathic system is achieved by a compatible relationship of all its parts. Four determinants, by their mutual harmonious activity, dictate the function of the entire system: the teeth, periodontium with supporting structure, muscles, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and CNS. In such a complex system a disorder of any integrative part causes disturbances also in other parts of the system. Changed functions can arise through organic disorder, and also iatrogenically by inadequate conservative, prosthetic, surgical or orthodontic therapy. For this reason it is often difficult to recognise the primary cause. The first responses of the system to the disorder are adaptive mechanisms which occur within one or more integrative parts, and depending on their intensity and duration symptoms grow more prominent. Tissue response can be ortho- or parafunctional. Attempts are made to exclude psychoemotional influences and the obstacle eliminated by either abrasion, clenching or grinding of the teeth. If the obstacle is not eliminated by abrasion, the cause of such functional disorder becomes the trigger for parafunctional activity. From a review of the relevant literature it can be concluded that parafunctional activity is caused by changed occlusion, with determined psychological habits of the patient and specific tissue response of the stomatognathic system. Therefore, therapy of these disorders is made more difficult and includes a multidisciplinary approach.

  15. Le Francais Moderne: Part I, French.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

    Instructional objectives of the Dade County Public Schools Quinmester Program in French for use with "Le Francais Moderne: Part 1" focus on the development of vocabulary and mastery of grammatical structures. The formation of the passe compose with "avoir," object pronouns, the present tense of regular "-ir" verbs,…

  16. The Many Meanings of History, Part II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szasz, Ferenc M.

    1974-01-01

    This article contains a collection of quotations about history collected by Professor Szasz. The first part of the collection appeared in the August 1974 issue of "The History Teacher." Readers are invited to send in other definitions they have found. (Author/RM)

  17. A Fundamental Breakdown. Part II: Manipulative Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, J. Scott; Mohr, Derek J.

    2005-01-01

    In the May, 2005, issue of "TEPE," the "Research to Practice" section initiated a two-part series focused on assessing fundamental locomotor and manipulative skills. The series was generated in response to research by Pappa, Evanggelinou, & Karabourniotis (2005), recommending that curricular programming in physical education at the elementary…

  18. Numerical methods in nuclear engineering. Part 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Phillips, G.J.

    1983-08-01

    These proceedings, published in two parts contain the full text of 56 papers and summaries of six papers presented at the conference. They cover the use of numerical methods in thermal hydraulics, reactor physics, neutron diffusion, subchannel analysis, risk assessment, transport theory, and fuel behaviour

  19. DNA from keratinous tissue. Part I

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bengtsson, Camilla Friis; Olsen, Maia E.; Brandt, Luise Ørsted

    2012-01-01

    genetic analyses, the fact that sampling generally causes minimal visual damage to valuable specimens. Even when freshly sampled, however, the DNA quantity and quality in the fully keratinized parts of such tissues is extremely poor in comparison to other tissues such as blood and muscle - although little...

  20. [Kõne Eesti Panga eurokonverentsil] / Juhan Parts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Kroon & Economy, 2004, nr. 2, lk. 38-42. Peaminister Juhan Parts EL-i ja Euroopa Rahaliiduga liitumise mõjust Eesti majanduslikule arengule, valitsuse ning Eesti Panga koostöö vajalikkusest eurole ülemineku eelduseks olevate Maastrichti kriteeriumite täitmisel

  1. A New Road to Reactions: Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Vos, Wobbe; Verdonk, Adri H.

    1985-01-01

    Describes a precipitation experiment which follows a yellow powder experiment discussed in part 1 (vol 62 no 3 p238-40). Advantages of using a Petri dish to perform the experiment, laboratory procedures used, instructional strategies, and implications for chemistry curriculum and instruction are discussed. (JN)

  2. Missouri's forest 1999-2003, part B

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrew D. Hill; Mark H. Hansen; W. Keith Moser; Gary Brand; Ronald E. McRoberts

    2011-01-01

    This report presents the methods used in the 1999-2003 inventory of the forest resources of Missouri along with tables of important forest attribute estimates and discussion of quality of these estimates. This inventory is part of the Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program conducted by U.S. Forest Service, a national program to continuously inventory and report on...

  3. Partly occupied Wannier functions: Construction and applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Kristian Sommer; Hansen, Lars Bruno; Jacobsen, Karsten Wedel

    2005-01-01

    We have developed a practical scheme to construct partly occupied, maximally localized Wannier functions (WFs) for a wide range of systems. We explain and demonstrate how the inclusion of selected unoccupied states in the definition of the WFs can improve both their localization and symmetry...

  4. 13 CFR Appendix A to Part 1171 - Appendix A to Part 1171

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... International Trade Program Small Business Act, section 22. Technical and Management Assistance Small Business... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appendix A to Part 1171 A Appendix A to Part 1171 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION IN...

  5. 13 CFR Appendix A to Part 112 - Appendix A to Part 112

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... development centers Small Business Act, sec. 21 and Pub. L. 96-302. International Trade Program Small Business... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appendix A to Part 112 A Appendix A to Part 112 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION IN...

  6. Operational Control Procedures for the Activated Sludge Process, Part I - Observations, Part II - Control Tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    West, Alfred W.

    This is the first in a series of documents developed by the National Training and Operational Technology Center describing operational control procedures for the activated sludge process used in wastewater treatment. Part I of this document deals with physical observations which should be performed during each routine control test. Part II…

  7. Metallization on FDM Parts Using the Chemical Deposition Technique

    OpenAIRE

    Azhar Equbal; Anoop kumar Sood

    2014-01-01

    Metallization of ABS (acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene) parts has been studied on flat part surfaces. These parts are fabricated on an FDM (fused deposition modeling machine) using the layer-wise deposition principle using ABS as a part material. Electroless copper deposition on ABS parts was performed using two different surface preparation processes, namely ABS parts prepared using chromic acid for etching and ABS parts prepared using a solution mixture of sulphuric acid and hydrogen peroxid...

  8. Stochastic model of forecasting spare parts demand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan S. Milojević

    2012-01-01

    hypothesis of the existence of phenomenon change trends, the next step in the methodology of forecasting is the determination of a specific growth curve that describes the regularity of the development in time. These curves of growth are obtained by the analytical representation (expression of dynamic lines. There are two basic stages in the process of expression and they are: - The choice of the type of curve the shape of which corresponds to the character of the dynamic order variation - the determination of the number of values (evaluation of the curve parameters. The most widespread method of forecasting is the trend extrapolation. The basis of the trend extrapolation is the continuing of past trends in the future. The simplicity of the trend extrapolation process, on the one hand, and the absence of other information on the other hand, are the main reasons why the trend extrapolation is used for forecasting. The trend extrapolation is founded on the following assumptions: - The phenomenon development can be presented as an evolutionary trajectory or trend, - General conditions that influenced the trend development in the past will not undergo substantial changes in the future. Spare parts demand forecasting is constantly being done in all warehouses, workshops, and at all levels. Without demand forecasting, neither planning nor decision making can be done. Demand forecasting is the input for determining the level of reserve, size of the order, ordering cycles, etc. The question that arises is the one of the reliability and accuracy of a forecast and its effects. Forecasting 'by feeling' is not to be dismissed if there is nothing better, but in this case, one must be prepared for forecasting failures that cause unnecessary accumulation of certain spare parts, and also a chronic shortage of other spare parts. All this significantly increases costs and does not provide a satisfactory supply of spare parts. The main problem of the application of this model is that each

  9. Parts Quality Management: Direct Part Marking via Data Matrix Symbols for Mission Assurance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moss, Chantrice

    2013-01-01

    A United States Government Accountability Office (GAO) review of twelve NASA programs found widespread parts quality problems contributing to significant cost overruns, schedule delays, and reduced system reliability. Direct part-marking with Data Matrix symbols could significantly improve the quality of inventory control and parts lifecycle management. This paper examines the feasibility of using 15 marking technologies for use in future NASA programs. A structural analysis is based on marked material type, operational environment (e.g., ground, suborbital, orbital), durability of marks, ease of operation, reliability, and affordability. A cost-benefits analysis considers marking technology (data plates, label printing, direct part marking) and marking types (two-dimensional machine-readable, human-readable). Previous NASA parts marking efforts and historical cost data are accounted for, including in-house vs. outsourced marking. Some marking methods are still under development. While this paper focuses on NASA programs, results may be applicable to a variety of industrial environments.

  10. Drugs, Devices, and the FDA: Part 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gail A. Van Norman, MD

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available As with new drugs, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s approval process is intended to provide consumers with assurance that, once it reaches the market place, a medical device is safe and effective in its intended use. Bringing a device to market takes an average of 3 to 7 years, compared with an average of 12 years for drugs. However, there are concerns that Food and Drug Administration processes may not be sufficient to meet the assurances of safety and efficacy as intended. This second part of a 2-part series reviews the basic steps in development and Food and Drug Administration approval of medical devices, and summarizes post-marketing processes for drugs and devices.

  11. Spontaneously abandoned settlements in Serbia: Part 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milošević Marko V.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This is the second part of the article “Spontaneously abandoned settlements in Serbia”, the first part of which was published in No. 60-2 of this Journal. Geomorphological indicators pointing at unsustainability of the studied settlements are singled out. The indicators are classified as morphometric (quantitative and morphologic (qualitative. Geomorphometry has been used for determination of quantitative indicators. The coefficient of settlement isolation (Ki is defined, which is a product of road coefficient (Kr and real relative height (RRH. Morphological indicators refer to the position of a settlement on a certain geomorphological unit (ridge, valley, valley side, as well as to the geomorphological homogeneity of space, determined by geomorphological mapping. The defined indicators of unsustainability are presented in detail as a case study of the abandoned village Smilov Laz, in the municipality of Novi Pazar.

  12. ICHTHYOFAUNA OF A PART OF SAVA RIVER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dobrila Habeković

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Based on a personal research from 1991-1994 the ichthyofauna structure of the part of the Sava river upstream from Zagreb on the section from Podsused to Gradna mouth is presented. The data are being compared with the results of the research of this part of the Sava river before constructing the Krško nuclear power plant. The ichthyological samples were taken seasonally, on various water levels and temperatures of the Sava river. A qualitative and quantitive structure of the fish communities was identified (Tabels 1 to 7. The researched area is populated by fish of the transitional-plain type of the open waters, which means it belongs to the typical barbel region with all the related fish species. The most numerous is the Cyprinidae family, dominated by the chub species (Leuciscus cephalus L.. Around thirty species and subspecies of fish and Cyclostomata populates the area.

  13. The siting guidelines, 10 CFR Part 960

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hanlon, C.L.

    1991-01-01

    The Siting Guidelines, 10 CFR Part 960, have played a major role in the U.S. Department of Energy's (the Department) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management siting program since their development and implementation in response to the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982. According to the Act, the Siting Guidelines were applicable to the selection of sites for characterization. The Nuclear Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1987 (the Amendments Act) has selected the Yucca Mountain, Nevada, site for characterization from among those nominated according to the Siting Guidelines. Thus, the Amendments Act has taken the repository program beyond the phase of Siting Guidelines applicability, making the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's 10 CFR Part 60 the applicable regulation. However, the Department has chosen to make use of aspects of the Siting Guidelines in the Site Characterization Plan for the Yucca Mountain Site. (author) 4 figs., 11 refs

  14. DEMAND FORECASTING FOR MOTOR VEHICLE SPARE PARTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.J. Strasheim

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Reordering motor vehicle spare parts for the purposes of stock replenishment is an important function of the parts manager in the typical motor dealership. Meaningful reordering requires a reliable forecast of the future demand for items. A variety of alternative forecasting techniques were evaluated for this purpose with the aim of selecting one optimal technique to be implemented in an automatic reordering module of a real time computerized inventory management system.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Aanvulling van onderdeelvoorraad is 'n belangrike funksie van die onderdelebestuurder in die tipiese motorhandelsaak. Sinvolle herbestelling vereis 'n betroubare vooruitskatting van die toekomstige vraag na items. 'n Verskeidenheid alternatiewe vooruitskattingstegnieke is evalueer ten einde 'n optimale tegtniek te vind vir implementering in die outomatiese herbestelmodule van 'n intydse gerekenariseerde voorraadbestuurstelsel.

  15. Plasma Astrophysics, Part II Reconnection and Flares

    CERN Document Server

    Somov, Boris V

    2013-01-01

    This two-part book is devoted to classic fundamentals and current practices and perspectives of modern plasma astrophysics. This second part discusses the physics of magnetic reconnection and flares of electromagnetic origin in space plasmas in the solar system, single and double stars, relativistic objects, accretion disks and their coronae. More than 25% of the text is updated from the first edition, including the additions of new figures, equations and entire sections on topics such as topological triggers for solar flares and the magnetospheric physics problem. This book is aimed at professional researchers in astrophysics, but it will also be useful to graduate students in space sciences, geophysics, applied physics and mathematics, especially those seeking a unified view of plasma physics and fluid mechanics.

  16. Therapeutic Songwriting in Music Therapy Part I

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baker, Felicity; Wigram, Tony; Stott, Dave

    2008-01-01

    Songwriting as therapeutic intervention has received increasing attention in the field of music therapy over the past decade however much of the publications focus on clinical outcomes rather than methods of practice. This paper, part of a two-part research report into trends in the clinical...... of songwriting clinical practice and the frequency with which songwriting is employed in practice. The data highlights that songwriting is frequently employed in developmental disability and ASD practice, with reports on songwriting with these diagnostic groups being underrepresented in the music therapy...... practice of songwriting, aims to describe the most frequently employed goal areas across a range of clinical populations and compare these findings with the published literature. Responses to a 21-question on-line survey were obtained from 477 professional music therapists practicing in 29 countries which...

  17. Scientific perspectives on greenhouse problem. Part 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jastrow, R.; Nierenberg, W.; Seitz, F.

    1992-01-01

    The spectre of major climate change caused by the greenhouse effect has generated intensive research, heated scientific debate and a concerted international effort to draft agreements for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. This report of Scientific Perspectives on the greenhouse problem explains the technical issues in the debate in language readily understandable to the non-specialist. The inherent complexities of attempts to simulate the earth's climate are explained, particularly with regard to the effects of clouds and the circulation of the oceans, which together represent the largest factors of uncertainty in current global warming forecasts. Results of the search for the 'greenhouse signal' in existing climate records aredescribed in chapter 3 (part two). Chapter 5 (part two) develops a projection of 21st-century warming based on relatively firm evidence of the earth's actual response to known increases in greenhouse gas emissions during the last 100 years

  18. Treatment of cellulite: Part I. Pathophysiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, Misbah H; Victor, Frank; Rao, Babar; Sadick, Neil S

    2010-03-01

    Cellulite is a topographic skin change that is nearly ubiquitous in postpubertal women. Treatment remains elusive. The various treatments currently available are only partially or temporarily effective. Newer therapeutic modalities continue to evolve without much understanding of the complex nature of cellulite. The successful treatment of cellulite will ultimately depend upon our understanding of the pathophysiology of cellulite adipose tissue. Part I of this two-part series on cellulite reviews how the concept and perception of cellulite has evolved over time and its proposed etiologies. The article also focuses on the physiology of human adipose tissue, particularly regarding cellulite. Copyright 2009 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Small part ultrasound in childhood and adolescence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wunsch, R.; Rohden, L. von; Cleaveland, R.; Aumann, V.

    2014-01-01

    Small-part sonography refers to the display of small, near-surface structures using high-frequency linear array transducers. Traditional applications for small part ultrasound imaging include visualization and differential diagnostic evaluation in unclear superficial bodily structures with solid, liquid and mixed texture, as well as similar structures in nearly superficial organs such as the thyroid glands and the testes. Furthermore indications in the head and neck regions are the assessment of the outer CSF spaces in infants, the sonography of the orbit, the sonography of the walls of the large neck vessels, the visualization of superficially situated lymph nodes and neoplasms. Clinical evidence concludes that sonography, having of all imaging modalities the highest spatial resolution in the millimeter- and micrometer range (100–1000 μm), can be considered the best suited technique for examining superficial pathological formations and near-surface organs. In addition, it delivers important information about characteristic, often pathognomonic tissue architecture in pathological processes

  20. Neurofibromatoses: part 1 ? diagnosis and differential diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Oswaldo Carneiro Rodrigues

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Neurofibromatoses (NF are a group of genetic multiple tumor growing predisposition diseases: neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1, neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2 and schwannomatosis (SCH, which have in common the neural origin of tumors and cutaneous signs. They affect nearly 80 thousand of Brazilians. In recent years, the increased scientific knowledge on NF has allowed better clinical management and reduced complication morbidity, resulting in higher quality of life for NF patients. In most cases, neurology, psychiatry, dermatology, clinical geneticists, oncology and internal medicine specialists are able to make the differential diagnosis between NF and other diseases and to identify major NF complications. Nevertheless, due to its great variability in phenotype expression, progressive course, multiple organs involvement and unpredictable natural evolution, NF often requires the support of neurofibromatoses specialists for proper treatment and genetic counseling. This Part 1 offers step-by-step guidelines for NF differential diagnosis. Part 2 will present the NF clinical management.

  1. Galeria de partes, Cuerpos Globales, presas locales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Millan de Benavides.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The author analyzes the ways in which globalization has reconfigured patterns of migration. In addition to entire communities displaced within and outside of Colombia's borders, migratory patterns revolve around flight, exile or the movement of body parts, including legs, brains and reproductive organs. This text addresses distinct types of work and the bodily transactions that each entails when migration occurs; it then explores the consequent visibility or invisibility and resulting legalization or illegality of the re-location of different body parts and the creation of new spaces. Thus, while a prostitute will never receive a visa due to the danger that she represents, a football player will not only receive citizenship, but also a privileged place as raw material in the global marketplace.

  2. Small part ultrasound in childhood and adolescence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wunsch, R., E-mail: R.Wunsch@kinderklinik-datteln.de [Department of Pediatric Radiology, Vestic Children' s Hospital Datteln, University of Witten/Herdecke, Dr.-Friedrich-Steiner-Strasse 5, D-45711 Datteln (Germany); Rohden, L. von, E-mail: l.vonrohden@gmx.de [Department of Pediatric Radiology, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, Klinik f. Radiologie und Nuklearmedizin – Kinderradiologie, Leipziger Straße 44, D-39120 Magdeburg (Germany); Cleaveland, R. [Department of Pediatric Radiology, Vestic Children' s Hospital Datteln, University of Witten/Herdecke, Dr.-Friedrich-Steiner-Strasse 5, D-45711 Datteln (Germany); Aumann, V., E-mail: volker.aumann@med.ovgu.de [Department of Pediatric Haematology and Oncology, Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, Universitätskinderklinik (H 10), Pädiatrische Hämatologie und Onkologie, Leipziger Straße 44, D-39120 Magdeburg (Germany)

    2014-09-15

    Small-part sonography refers to the display of small, near-surface structures using high-frequency linear array transducers. Traditional applications for small part ultrasound imaging include visualization and differential diagnostic evaluation in unclear superficial bodily structures with solid, liquid and mixed texture, as well as similar structures in nearly superficial organs such as the thyroid glands and the testes. Furthermore indications in the head and neck regions are the assessment of the outer CSF spaces in infants, the sonography of the orbit, the sonography of the walls of the large neck vessels, the visualization of superficially situated lymph nodes and neoplasms. Clinical evidence concludes that sonography, having of all imaging modalities the highest spatial resolution in the millimeter- and micrometer range (100–1000 μm), can be considered the best suited technique for examining superficial pathological formations and near-surface organs. In addition, it delivers important information about characteristic, often pathognomonic tissue architecture in pathological processes.

  3. Surgical history of ancient China: Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Louis

    2010-03-01

    In this second part of ancient Chinese surgical history, the practice of bone setting in China began around 3000 years ago. Throughout this period, significant progress was made, some highlights of which are cited. These methods, comparable with Western orthopaedic technique, are still being practised today. In conclusion, the possible reasons for the lack of advancement in operative surgery are discussed, within context of the cultural, social and religious background of ancient China.

  4. CYCLODEXTRINS – FIELDS OF APPLICATION. PART I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gheorghe Duca

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This review is dedicated to different fields of use of cyclodextrins, a family of three cyclic natural oligosaccharides and their derivatives. The first part of the review gives a brief description of the main and the most recent developed applications of cyclodextrins in food, cosmetic industry, environmental protection technologies and agriculture. Different products based on inclusion complexes with cyclodextrins and technologies with different use of cyclodextrins and inclusion complexes are described.

  5. LOGISTICS AS A PART OF INNOVATION PROCESS

    OpenAIRE

    Erika Loučanová; Ján Parobek; Hubert Paluš; Martina Kalamárová

    2016-01-01

    The paper deals with the importance of logistics in innovation process. The issue is focused on management of different logistic processes building on the innovation and on innovation process. However, logistics is an essential part of this process. The results describe logistics chain within innovation process for the satisfaction of customers´ demand and fulfilment of customers’ requests on the innovation. This approach involves “7S of logistics” which means: “create proper inno...

  6. Invisible orthodontics part 3: aesthetic orthodontic brackets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waring, David; McMullin, Ailbhe; Malik, Ovais H

    2013-09-01

    In this, the third part of the series, aesthetic orthodontic treatment will be considered. The previous two articles have looked at invisible orthodontics with Invisalign and lingual brackets. This article will discuss the properties and use of aesthetic brackets, along with examples of orthodontic treatment cases using the aesthetic brackets. Increasing demand for aesthetics during orthodontic treatment has resulted in a significant increase in the use of aesthetic brackets. Clinicians need to be aware of the benefits and drawbacks of aesthetic brackets.

  7. Wakefield Computations for the Injector (Part I)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Limborg-Deprey, C.

    2010-12-13

    In this document, we report on basic wakefield computations used to establish the impedance budget for the LCLS injector. Systematic comparisons between analytic formulae and results from ABCI are done. Finally, a comparison between 2D and 3D wakefield calculations are given for a cross. The three parts of the document are presented as follows: (1) ABCI computations for a few structures (Flange, Bellows...); (2) Comparison analytic with ABCI runs; and (3) Comparison Cross and Cavity using MAFIA.

  8. Charpy Impact Test on Polymeric Molded Parts

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandra Raicu

    2012-01-01

    The paper presents the Charpy impact tests on the AcrylonitrileButadiene-Styrene (ABS) polymeric material parts. The Charpy impact test, also known as the Charpy V-notch test, is a standardized strain rate test which determines the amount of energy absorbed by a material during fracture. This is a typical method described in ASTM Standard D 6110. We use for testing an Instron - Dynatup equipment which have a fully integrated hardware and software package that let us capture ...

  9. Update of Part 61 impacts analysis methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oztunali, O.I.; Roles, G.W.

    1986-01-01

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission is expanding the impacts analysis methodology used during the development of the 10 CFR Part 61 rule to allow improved consideration of costs and impacts of disposal of waste that exceeds Class C concentrations. The project includes updating the computer codes that comprise the methodology, reviewing and updating data assumptions on waste streams and disposal technologies, and calculation of costs for small as well as large disposal facilities. This paper outlines work done to date on this project

  10. Update of Part 61 impacts analysis methodology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oztunali, O.I.; Roles, G.W.; US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555)

    1985-01-01

    The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission is expanding the impacts analysis methodology used during the development of the 10 CFR Part 61 regulation to allow improved consideration of costs and impacts of disposal of waste that exceeds Class C concentrations. The project includes updating the computer codes that comprise the methodology, reviewing and updating data assumptions on waste streams and disposal technologies, and calculation of costs for small as well as large disposal facilities. This paper outlines work done to date on this project

  11. Entanglement and Quantum Logical Gates. Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freytes, H.; Giuntini, R.; Leporini, R.; Sergioli, G.

    2015-12-01

    Is it possible to give a logical characterization of entanglement and of entanglement-measures in terms of the probabilistic behavior of some gates? This question admits different (positive or negative) answers in the case of different systems of gates and in the case of different classes of density operators. In the first part of this article we investigate possible relations between entanglement-measures and the probabilistic behavior of quantum computational conjunctions.

  12. NEW STEPS IN SKETCHING MACHINE PARTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tocariu Liliana

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents new and main steps in sketching machine part, by using the Solid Edge program. The traditional method applied in the technical drawing is appreciably altered in the case of the computer-assisted and modern design. These modifications involve others: e.g., use of classic drawing rule in tool sketching. The author deals with them from three points of view, namely: technical drawing, technical education and advantages.

  13. Trinary Associative Memory Would Recognize Machine Parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Hua-Kuang; Awwal, Abdul Ahad S.; Karim, Mohammad A.

    1991-01-01

    Trinary associative memory combines merits and overcomes major deficiencies of unipolar and bipolar logics by combining them in three-valued logic that reverts to unipolar or bipolar binary selectively, as needed to perform specific tasks. Advantage of associative memory: one obtains access to all parts of it simultaneously on basis of content, rather than address, of data. Consequently, used to exploit fully parallelism and speed of optical computing.

  14. Renewable energy sources '91. Part 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Michalicka, L.

    1991-01-01

    Part 3 of the proceedings contains a report on the conference and 10 contributions, out of which 2 have been inputted in INIS: one deals with the economic problems of wind-, solar- and oil-driven water pumps, the other deals with the decrease in sunshine brought about by the operation of Czechoslovak nuclear power plants. (M.D.). 4 tabs., 10 figs., 10 refs

  15. Recognition of partly occluded objects by fish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sovrano, Valeria Anna; Bisazza, Angelo

    2008-01-01

    The ability to visually complete partly occluded objects (so-called "amodal completion") has been documented in mammals and birds. Here, we report the first evidence of such a perceptual ability in a fish species. Fish (Xenotoca eiseni) were trained to discriminate between a complete and an amputated disk. Thereafter, the fish performed test trials in which hexagonal polygons were either exactly juxtaposed or only placed close to the missing sectors of the disk in order to produce or not produce the impression (to a human observer) of an occlusion of the missing sectors of the disk by the polygon. In another experiment, fish were first trained to discriminate between hexagonal polygons that were either exactly juxtaposed or only placed close to the missing sectors of a disk, and then tested for choice between a complete and an amputated disk. In both experiments, fish behaved as if they were experiencing visual completion of the partly occluded stimuli. These findings suggest that the ability to visually complete partly occluded objects may be widespread among vertebrates, possibly inherited in mammals, birds and fish from early vertebrate ancestors.

  16. The metallurgy of superalloys part 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abdelazim, M.E.; Hammad, F.H.

    1990-01-01

    This is part II of the report titled 'the metallurgy of superalloys'. It deals with the effect of heat treatment and operating conditions (thermal exposure and environment) on the mechanical properties of superalloys. The heat treatment is important in the development of superalloys through that it controls type, amount, size shape and distribution of the precipitate and the grain size of the matrix. The thermal exposure leads to reduction in the amount of the primary carbides and to precipitation of secondary carbides. Also it leads to the agglomeration and coarsening of gamma or the transformation of gamma phase to phase. The environment may lead to the internal oxidation, carburization, decarburization or sulphidization of the superalloys which may result in the degradation of their mechanical properties. This part gives also an example of applications of superalloys in the field of nuclear reactors especially high temperature-gas cooled reactors. Joined with this part a table which contains the major superalloys including its chemical analysis, creep rupture strength and some of its applications. 1 tab

  17. Career anchors and learning plan (part one

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Brečko

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is divided into three parts. The first part concentrates on how important career is for an individual, organization and society. The author establishes that understanding of career has changed dramatically and does not only refer to climbing up the career ladder, but also moving off or even down the career ladder. The notion of career, as a lifelong and professional path, encompasses all aspects of human personality and their roles acquired through one's life. On basis of vast and longitudinal research, where the author has studied career anchors of individuals, it is the objective of the author to find out on basis of what grounds do the individuals decide to take certain directions in their careers and how learning contributes to such decisions. As a source the author has used Shein's theory of career anchors. Part one describes in greater detail 8 different career anchors and introduces their main features with the findings of the research, which refer to the analysis of professions (work positions and established career anchors. The author thus verifies the hypothesis that career anchors do exist in our area.

  18. 49 CFR 541.6 - Requirements for replacement parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requirements for replacement parts. 541.6 Section....6 Requirements for replacement parts. (a) Each replacement part for a part specified in § 541.5(a) must have the registered trademark of the manufacturer of the replacement part, or some other unique...

  19. Keanekaragaman Jenis Kantong Semar (Nepenthes Spp) Kawasan Hutan Lindung Gunung Ambawang Desa Kampung Baru Kecamatan Kubu Kabupaten Kubu Raya

    OpenAIRE

    Tavita, Gusti Eva; Muin, Abdurrani; Selvi, Rini Sulistri

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study to determine diversity of Kantong Semar (Nepenthes spp) and level of dominance. Determination of observation using purposive sampling method with plot size of 40 mx 40 m. In the region there are 3 types of Nepenthes spp, among other Nepenthes ampullaria, Nepenthes xhookeriana, and Nepenthes rafflesiana. The most dominant type is Nepenthes ampullaria with value (INP = 105.57%), followed by Nepenthes xhookeriana with (INP = 71.60%), lowest type of Nepenthes rafflesiana...

  20. Strategi Kebijakan Pemanfaatan Jasa Lingkungan Air secara Berkelanjutan di Taman Nasional Gunung Ciremai Kuningan-Jawa Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rismunandar Rismunandar

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Mount Ciremai National Park (TNGC requires institutional policies for managing environmental services. This study aims to determine the sustainable management policy strategy for water environmental services, based on ecological, social and economical assessment. The approach used in this study is "multidimensional scaling" (MDS through the analysis of RAP-JASLING AIR (Rapid Appraisal Sustainability Index for Jasling Air to determine sustainable and performance of the management; and analysis of prospective to determine the policy strategy. The results shows that the ecological dimension index for TNGC in three areas, namely southern and central regions is quite sustainable and less sustainable for northern region. The economic dimension index for three regions seems to be less sustainable. The social dimension index for the three regions is quite sustainable. Intervention and improvements in attributes of each dimension needs to be implemented in order to reach sustainability in the future. On the other hand, prospective analysis resulted in four key factors that influence the policy of water environmental services in TNGC area and possibly to become alternative strategy for management policies, namely: management support for TNGC, income of community living in surrounding TNGC, efforts to improvecommunity's income, and protection of water springs.

  1. Kajian Nilai Tanah Berdasarkan Harga Pasar Menggunakan Metode Regresi Linier Berganda (Studi Kasus: Kecamatan Gunung Anyar, Surabaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratna Kusumawardhani

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Dalam menentukan besarnya nilai tanah terdapat suatu patokan atau dasar yang digunakan. Patokan atau dasar ini dibedakan menjadi NJOP (Nilai Jual Objek Pajak serta harga pasar. Namun, kebanyakan masyarakat saat ini lebih cenderung mengguuntuk menentuka besarnya nili tnakan harga pasar sebagai patokan dalam menentukan besarnya suatu nilai tanah ataupun dalam transaksi jual beli. Pembuatan peta zona nilai tanah ini dibedakan antara harga pasar dan pemodelan harga pasar. Menentukan nilai tanah dari harga pasar, dilakukan dengan wawancara langsung ke warga sekitar untuk mendapatkan data-data yang diperlukan. Setelah data yang diperlukan telah didapatkan, barulah dibuat peta zonasi nilai tanah sesuai data dasar yang digunakan. Dalam pembuatan peta zona nilai tanah ini menggunakan software pengolah data vektor untuk digitasi serta ArcGIS untuk menampilkan hasil. Pemodelan regresi linear dilakukan untuk mendapatkan suatu hasil pemodelan nilai tanah yang mendekati keadaan sebenarnya. Pada harga pasar ini didapatkan Y = 475193 + 381761X1 + 2149X2 + 317679X3 -157024 X4 + 1531512X5. Pengaruh variabel pada pemodelan harga pasar ini hanya sebesar 25,88%.

  2. PENENTUAN KOMPOSISI KIMIA ABU VULKANIK DARI ERUPSI GUNUNG MERAPI (Determination of Chemical Composition of Volcanic Ash from Merapi Mt. Eruption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Endang Tri Wahyuni

    2012-07-01

     In order to identify the utilizing potential and the environmental effect of ash from Merapi Mount eruption in 2010, determination of its chemical composition has been performed, including major, minor and trace elements. In addition,  pH of the ash, and iron concentration in rivers, wells, and  tower for water collection were also determined. The ash samples was taken in December 2010- January 2011, after the eruption stopped, located in Magelang, Sleman, and Klaten regions, in various distances from the summit.The results of the determination show that the Merapi Mt. ash contains major (Al, Si, Ca, and  Fe, minor (K, Mg, Mn, Na, P, S, and Ti, and  trace elements (Au ,As, Ba, Co, Cr, Cu, Mo, Ni, Pb, S, Sb, Sn, Sr, V, Zn, dan Zr.   The elements can be categorized into  widely used elements, i.e.   Al, Si, Ca, Fe, Ti, V, and  Zn, and economic high value element,  i.e.  Au, as well as  the environment and health negative affect elements  such as As, Cr, Cr, Cu, Pb, Ni, and S. It is also found that the  ash taken from different locations with farther distances from the mountain, has similar chemical composition.  Moreover, based on the large content of Al, Ca, and  Si  (around 56%, 4%, and  18 %respectively,  enabling the ash to be used as raw material for  cement or other cement based materials production. In addition, since Ti and Fe is also found in adequate level in the ash, it is also possible to extract the metals to get the pure one having wide and valuable functions. The presence of K and P, as fertilizer components, in the ash with significant amount, it is also interesting to evaluate the effect of the ash covering the soil on its fertile. However, the low pH of the ash is also observed that is due  to the presence of S in considerable amount, leading to the soil becomes unfertile. Although the hazard heavy (Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu, and Ni are found in the ash, the contamination of the metals in the rivers and wells are not detected.  Dispersion of the ash is also indicated to increase Fe content in the rivers and wells, but no effect in the water collected in the covered tower, enabling it to be used as drinking water. It is hoped that the detail chemical composition reported in this paper, is useful for further research and development in geological, civil and mineral engineering, agriculture, fishery, and environmental fields.

  3. Karakterisasi Tepung Konjak Dari Tanaman Iles-iles (Amorphophallus Oncophyllus) Di Daerah Gunung Kreo Semarang Jawa Tengah

    OpenAIRE

    Akbar, Hafiz; Supriyanto, Agus; Haryani, Kristinah

    2013-01-01

    Indonesia has many kinds of plants iles-iles (Amorphophallus oncophyllus). In this study, using raw materials derived from the Goa Kreo, Semarang, Central Java, the area has two types of iles-iles, namely A. oncophyllus and A. variabillis. Plants iles-iles (konjac) contains a fairly high Glukomannan, glukomannan is a polysaccharide composed of units of D-glucose and D-mannose. In this study intended to determine the content of glucomannan plant iles-iles in Goa Kreo. By using gravimetric meth...

  4. Komunikasi Politik Kepala Desa dalam Mendorong Inovasi Pembangunan Desa: Studi Kasus Tiga Desa di Lereng Gunung Ungaran, Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nugraheni Arumsari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Communication is a strategy to deliver information to the public and medium to develop a good will in citizen both human and infrastructure development. Good communication must be acquired by many stakeholders of the citizen in all hierarchy of the government; one of them is the village headman. The village headman as a stakeholder of the village is required to be able to interact properly in term of communication and village development. Innovation and ideas about latest development cannot run properly without good communication between village headman, community leaders and villagers. This study investigated the communication style done by the village headman. It was conducted in village Kalisidi, Gonoharjo and Diwak. As the result, there are some communication style done in these villages among stake holders and the citizen. They are: (1 A direct approach to the society (informal communication to village communities; (2 Approach among Village Community Institutions (communication group of community and communication networks; (3 Public Communication by using Social Media, and (4 Public Information Board as a medium to inform village annual budget as a form of transparency and socialization of village resort and rural education movement.

  5. Kajian Awal terhadap Potensi Kawasan Konservasi Taman Buru Gunung Masigit Kareumbi, Jawa Barat dalam Upaya Pengembangan Ekowisata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deni -

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Preliminary Study of Potentiality of Hunting Park of Mt. Masigit KareumbiConservation Area, West Java for Ecotourism Development Masigit Kareumbi Hunting Park, with all its uniqueness, specificity, beauty, natural phenomena, landscape and ecosystem types is the basis of capital whose existence required to be continuously explored and analyzed in order to develop ecotourism development. Ecotourism potential of Masigit Kareumbi Hunting Park have not been optimally managed to develop as ecotourism product to improve the life quality of surrounding local communities. This research was conducted to provide information on potential development of Masigit Kareumbi Hunting Park. Field survey was performed to determine the selected locations that can strategically be developed as natural tourism objects. The results of the study showed that Masigit Kareumbi Hunting Park had the diversity potencies of flora, fauna, landscape and ecosystem types potential to be developed for ecotourism products. These potencies should be optimized for the hunting park as well as to increase income of local community.

  6. Kepemimpinan Desa dan Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam Aras Lokal di Tiga Desa Lereng Gunung Ungaran, Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cahyo Seftyono

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The interaction between the village leader or Lurah and citizens can be regarded as a fundamental process. Because, in this level leaders and the led will be interact intensively. This is in contrast to the higher levels of government, for example, at the district level, the city, even at the national level. At this lowest level, interaction and relations, social control, policies, support, and the rejection of the program will often occur. In the context of the wider innovation, village leaders are also required to develop social capital in managing human resource potential that exists. Therefore, the development of village- based management of village, hence, the development effort is the development that relies on strength, characteristics, and independent initiative of the village. Interaksi antara kepala desa atau lurah dan warga di aras lokal dapat dikatakan sebagai proses yang fundamental. Sebab, pada level inilah pemimpin dan yang dipimpin akan bertemudan saling berinteraksi dan berrelasi secara intensif. Hal ini berbeda dengan level pemerintahan yang lebih tinggi, misalnya pada tingkat kecamatan, kabupaten/kota, bahkan pada level nasional. Pada level terendah inilah, interaksi dan relasi, kontrol sosial, kebijakan, dukungan, maupun penolakan pro-gram akan sering terjadi. Dalam konteks inovasi yang lebih luas, pemimpin-pemimpin desa juga di-tuntut untuk mengembangkan modal sosial dalam mengelola potensi sumber daya manusia yang ada. Sebab, pembangunan desa yang dilakukan berbasis pengelolaan sumber daya desa, maka, pem-bangunan yang diupayakan adalah pembangunan yang mengandalkan pada kekuatan, karakteris-tik, dan inisiatif mandiri desa.

  7. Spesies Tumbuhan Penyusun Vegetasi Lantai di Wilayah Restorasi Taman Nasional Gunung Merapi di Ngablak, Magelang, Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Purnomo Purnomo

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Vegetation restoration by Mount Merapi National Park (TNGM in Ngablak, Magelang, Central Java need the floristic data composition of understory vegetation. The objectives of this research were to identify and to determine the importance values of each plants species that composed of that restoration area. Sample collections were conducted using survey method for their morphological characters as voucher specimens that were used for species identification. Vegetation analysis was conducted using the quadratic method; shrubs (5x5 m2, grasses and herbs (1x1 m2, and importance values were analysed using relative frequencies and densities. The result shows that understory vegetation on the restoration area in Ngablak was composed of 60 seed plant species from 18 plant families. There were 7 plant families that dominate the region; Papilionaceae (13 species, Asteraceae (11, Poaceae (Grasses (10, Cyperaceae (Sedges (5, Amaranthaceae (3, Mimosaceae (3 and Commelinaceae (3. Plants species that have important value more than 25% in this restoration area were Cymbopogon citratus (sereh, Mimosa pudica (Putri malu, Gomphrena serrata (Bunga kancing, Pannisetum purpureum (Rumput gajah, Ageratum conyzoides (Wedusan, dan Euphatorium inulifolium (kirinyuh. The external factors that influence the growth of the understory vegetation are pH of soil and soil moisture.

  8. Peaminister Juhan Parts ei plaani ametit maha panna / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts pooldab paremerakondade ühinemist, ei kavatse ametist lahkuda ning peab valitsuse üheks ülesandeks rahvaarutelu algatamist vabaduse samba üle. Lisa: Ene Ergma kõnest Riigikogus (13.09.2004)

  9. Parts : oleme valmis kompromissideks / Juhan Parts ; interv. Külli-Riin Tigasson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2004-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele, mis on seotud Brüsselis algava Euroopa Liidu ülemkogu ehk EL-i valitsusjuhtide tippkohtumisega, põhiseaduse lepingu projektiga. Vt. samas: Volinike arvu piiramine kasulik

  10. Parts : valitsuskoostöö pole armastus / Juhan Parts ; interv. Jaanus Piirsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Peaministri ametisse asuv Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele Res Publicat käsitleva peaminister Siim Kallase kirja, oma koalitsioonipartnerite usaldatavuse, ministritele seatavate kriteeriumide, kokkuhoiu, ametiautode süsteemi muutmise, erakondade rahastamise, iibe kohta

  11. Peaminister Parts : lapsed olgu meist targemad / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Sildam

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Intervjuus tunnistab peaminister Juhan Parts end roheliseks poliitikuks, nimetab valitsusliitu parimaks võimalikuks ja soovitab tudengitel kõigepealt õppida ning annab valitsuse 100 päeva hindeks "neli miinus". Kommenteerivad: Evelyn Sepp, Tarmo Loodus, Ivari Padar

  12. Juhan Parts : mina olen ka kodanikuühiskond / Juhan Parts ; interv. Kertu Ruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele kodanikuühenduste, nende rolli, toetamise, koalitsioonileppe avaliku arutamise, valitsuse ja kodanikuühenduste ühiskomisjoni moodustamise, annetamise kohta

  13. Peaminister Parts : "ei" seisukohaga Keskerakonnaga valitsust ei tee / Juhan Parts ; interv. Tuuli Koch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts tõdeb, et Keskerakonna juht Edgar Savisaar on selgelt väljendanud oma eitavat seisukohta Eesti EL-iga liitumise suhtes ning sellelt pinnalt on võimu jagamine Keskerakonnaga võimatu

  14. Juhan Parts : oleme Isamaaliiduga lähedased / Juhan Parts ; interv. Toomas Mattson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Peaminister Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad Isamaaliitu kui Res Publicale kõige lähedasemat võimalikku koalitsioonipartnerit, nn suure koalitsiooni tekkimise võimalust. Skeem: Jõujooned Riigikogus

  15. Parts lubab eestlasliku korra riigis majja lüüa / Juhan Parts ; interv. Urmet Kook

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2003-01-01

    Res Publica esimees Juhan Parts vastab küsimustele erakonna valimislubaduste, valimisloosungi, sündimuspoliitika, EL-iga liitumise kohta, Eesti-Vene suhetes läbimurde saavutamise võimalikkusest, parteide rahastamisest

  16. Parts : valitsus ei saa kukkuda heade kavatsuste pärast / Juhan Parts ; interv. Rasmus Kagge

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Pärnu Postimees 16. märts, lk. 7. Peaminister Juhan Parts selgitab olukorda valitsuses, võimalikust umbusalduse avaldamisest justiitsminister Ken-Marti Vaherile, võimuliidu püsimajäämise tingimustest

  17. 26 CFR 1.1015-4 - Transfers in part a gift and in part a sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 11 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Transfers in part a gift and in part a sale. 1... than the fair market value of the property at the time of such transfer. For determination of gain or... transfer has an adjusted basis of $30,000 in A's hands (and a fair market value of $60,000), the unadjusted...

  18. Radiation transport phenomena and modeling. Part A: Codes; Part B: Applications with examples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lorence, L.J. Jr.; Beutler, D.E. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Simulation Technology Research Dept.

    1997-09-01

    This report contains the notes from the second session of the 1997 IEEE Nuclear and Space Radiation Effects Conference Short Course on Applying Computer Simulation Tools to Radiation Effects Problems. Part A discusses the physical phenomena modeled in radiation transport codes and various types of algorithmic implementations. Part B gives examples of how these codes can be used to design experiments whose results can be easily analyzed and describes how to calculate quantities of interest for electronic devices.

  19. Vertical deformation at western part of Sumatra

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Febriyani, Caroline, E-mail: caroline.fanuel@students.itb.ac.id; Prijatna, Kosasih, E-mail: prijatna@gd.itb.ac.id; Meilano, Irwan, E-mail: irwan.meilano@gd.itb.ac.id

    2015-04-24

    This research tries to make advancement in GPS signal processing to estimate the interseismic vertical deformation field at western part of Sumatra Island. The data derived by Continuous Global Positioning System (CGPS) from Badan Informasi Geospasial (BIG) between 2010 and 2012. GPS Analyze at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (GAMIT) software and Global Kalman Filter (GLOBK) software are used to process the GPS signal to estimate the vertical velocities of the CGPS station. In order to minimize noise due to atmospheric delay, Vienna Mapping Function 1 (VMF1) is used as atmospheric parameter model and include daily IONEX file provided by the Center for Orbit Determination in Europe (CODE) as well. It improves GAMIT daily position accuracy up to 0.8 mm. In a second step of processing, the GLOBK is used in order to estimate site positions and velocities in the ITRF08 reference frame. The result shows that the uncertainties of estimated displacement velocity at all CGPS stations are smaller than 1.5 mm/yr. The subsided deformation patterns are seen at the northern and southern part of west Sumatra. The vertical deformation at northern part of west Sumatra indicates postseismic phase associated with the 2010 and 2012 Northern Sumatra earthquakes and also the long-term postseismic associated with the 2004 and 2005 Northern Sumatra earthquakes. The uplifted deformation patterns are seen from Bukit Tinggi to Seblat which indicate a long-term interseismic phase after the 2007 Bengkulu earthquake and 2010 Mentawai earthquake. GANO station shows a subsidence at rate 12.25 mm/yr, indicating the overriding Indo-Australia Plate which is dragged down by the subducting Southeast Asian Plate.

  20. LHC related projects and studies - Part (II)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rossi, L.; De Maria, R.

    2012-01-01

    The session was devoted to address some aspects of the HL-LHC (High Luminosity LHC) project and explore ideas on new machines for the long term future. The session had two parts. The former focused on some of the key issues of the HL-LHC projects: beam current limits, evolution of the collimation system, research plans for the interaction region magnets and crab cavities. The latter explored the ideas for the long term future projects (LHeC and HE-LHC) and how the current research-development program for magnets and RF structures could fit in the envisaged scenarios

  1. Alveolar soft part sarcoma: A rare diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Priyanka Sarkar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Alveolar soft-part sarcoma (ASPS is an extremely rare disease arising from connective tissues with a propensity for recurrence and metastasis. Clinically, it can be confused with hemangioma or arterio-venous malformations. Thus, a high index of suspicion and histopathological examination are required to make a definitive diagnosis. We report a case of recurrent ASPS in a young female with multiple sites involvement without any features of metastasis who has been treated with excision of the symptomatic lesions followed by chemotherapy.

  2. Surgical history of ancient China: part 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Louis

    2009-12-01

    Although surgery was an accepted and quite proficient craft very early on in Chinese history, it has deteriorated through the ages. Despite the fact that anaesthetic agents in major surgery were employed during the third century, Chinese surgery is conspicuous by its stagnation. Reverence for the dead, filial piety, abhorrence of shedding blood and other conservative attitudes make it impossible for any accurate knowledge of the human anatomy and physiology, without which surgery cannot progress. This article surveys some highlights in the history of surgery in ancient China and examines the factors responsible for its decline. The second concluding part deals with orthopaedics.

  3. [Standardization of the aerial parts of Alchemilla].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraisse, D; Carnat, A; Carnat, A P; Lamaison, J L

    1999-09-01

    Dried aerial parts of Alchemilla xanthochlora Rothm. (16 batches), A. glabra Neygenf. (1 batch), A. coriacea Buser (2 batches) and A. filicaulis Buser (3 batches) present a similar flavonoid and tanin pattern. In the case of A. xanthochlora, the mean levels of the principal compounds were: total flavonoids 2.22%, glucuronyl-3 quercetol 1.18%, tanins 16.0% and ellagic acid 0.36%. The flavonoid levels were higher before flowering and the tanin levels higher during flowering. Four commercial batches were examined for a comparative study. Pharmacopoeial specifications were proposed for a revision of the monograph "Alchemillae herba".

  4. Ergonomics as a missing part of sustainability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlovic-Veselinovic, Sonja

    2014-01-01

    In the last twenty years, terms such as sustainable development, environmental protection, and sustainable design have been widely exploited, often without justification. Does ergonomics have a legitimate need or right to use these terms and to be the part of the process to which they refer? This paper discusses the relationship between ergonomics and the concept of sustainable development and its three elements of sustainability (environmental, social and economic), as the steps ergonomists need to take to secure and strengthen the influence in sustainability topics.

  5. Invisible orthodontics part 2: lingual appliance treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMullin, Ailbhe; Waring, David; Malik, Ovais

    2013-06-01

    The aim of this second article of the three part series is to sum up the current developments in lingual orthodontics. This article attempts to review the development, advantages and disadvantages, bonding techniques, bracket mechanics, patient factors and types of lingual appliance systems available. In addition, the article shows examples of treated cases with lingual appliances. Lingual appliances are a useful addition to the armamentarium of invisible orthodontic appliances, with significant developments over the last few years. Clinicians need to be aware of the advances and predictable results achievable with lingual appliances.

  6. User prototypes as partly unconscious communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glasemann, Marie; Kanstrup, Anne Marie

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce user prototypes as a technique that supports users’ articulation of emotions relevant for design: dreams, fears, motivations – their feelings and aspirations. Following Bateson’s writings about communication through art, we consider user prototypes as “partly unconscious...... communication” and propose to analyze them by focusing on the emotional articulations integrated in the users’ design language. We illustrate this with an example from a design research project on designing learning technology for young diabetics. The example shows how young people with diabetes can express...

  7. Sistem Pendukung Keputusan Pengalokasian Spare Part

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Wiryasaputra

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Era informasi yang semakin berkembang mempengaruhi lingkungan bisnis. Pengaruhnya dapat dilihat pada proses pengambilan keputusan. Proses pengambilan keputusan terhadap sejumlah alternatif dan sejumlah tujuan diselesaikan dengan sebuah sistem. Sistem  yang bermodelkan Multi Attribute Decision Making (MADM dan Multi Objective Decision Making (MODM. Model MODM digunakan untuk menyelesaikan perancangan alternatif terbaik dan model MADM digunakan untuk menyelesaikan penyeleksian terhadap beberapa alternatif dalam jumlah yang terbatas. Salah satu pendekatan model MADM adalah TOPSIS (Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution. Konsep utama TOPSIS adalah alternatif preferensi terbaik memiliki jarak terpendek dari solusi ideal positif dan memiliki jarak terjauh dari solusi ideal negatif. Hasil metode TOPSIS adalah perankingan terhadap sejumlah alternatif. Salah satu masukan dari metode TOPSIS adalah nilai pembobotan kriteria. Nilai pembobotan kriteria dapat diberikan secara langsung oleh pengambil keputusan atau dihitung melalui sebuah metode. Penelitian akan menghitung nilai pembobotan kriteria dengan metode Entropy. Tujuannya adalah untuk memberikan objektifitas pembobotan kriteria. Penelitian mengangkat kasus tentang pengalokasian spare part ke sejumlah store. Alternatif terbaik dengan sumber daya yang terbatas, beberapa tujuan yang saling bertentangan didekati dengan metode Goal programming. Pengambilan keputusan akan lebih terarah karena sistem menghasilkan perankingan store spare part, dan menampilkan  informasi alokasi spare part.   Kata kunci— Sistem Pendukung Keputusan, Entropy, TOPSIS, Goal Programming   Abstract The capabilities of computrized systems facilitate decision support in a number of ways, such as speed computations, increased productivity ,improved data management and others. Decisions are often made by individuals. There may be conflicting objectives even for a  decision maker. The conflicting

  8. Charpy Impact Test on Polymeric Molded Parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra Raicu

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the Charpy impact tests on the AcrylonitrileButadiene-Styrene (ABS polymeric material parts. The Charpy impact test, also known as the Charpy V-notch test, is a standardized strain rate test which determines the amount of energy absorbed by a material during fracture. This is a typical method described in ASTM Standard D 6110. We use for testing an Instron - Dynatup equipment which have a fully integrated hardware and software package that let us capture load information at very high speed from the impact tests.

  9. Writing for professional publication. Part 1: Motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowler, Dr John

    Writing for professional publication can be a daunting prospect, but, with a little effort and the right motivation, it can be a rewarding and career-enhancing experience. And the good news is, it's not as difficult as it may sound. In this first part of a series of articles on writing for professional publication, John Fowler, an experienced nursing lecturer and author, discusses perhaps the most important factor in seeing your work published: motivation. Forthcoming issues will explore different aspects of publication and include advice and practical tips.

  10. Predicting Color Output of Additive Manufactured Parts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiríksson, Eyþór Rúnar; Pedersen, David Bue; Aanæs, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we address the colorimetric performance of a multicolor additive manufacturing process. A method on how to measure and characterize color performance of said process is presented. Furthermore, a method on predicting the color output is demonstrated, allowing for previsualization...... of parts prior to print. Results show that color prediction can be achieved with an average color difference error of ΔE*00 = 1.5 andstd.dev σ= 0.75, with similar order of magnitude as the literature defined threshold for „Just NoticeableDifference” (JND)....

  11. Silicon integrated circuits part A : supplement 2

    CERN Document Server

    Kahng, Dawon

    1981-01-01

    Applied Solid State Science, Supplement 2: Silicon Integrated Circuits, Part A focuses on MOS device physics. This book is divided into three chapters-physics of the MOS transistor; nonvolatile memories; and properties of silicon-on-sapphire substrates devices, and integrated circuits. The topics covered include the short channel effects, MOSFET structures, floating gate devices, technology for nonvolatile semiconductor memories, sapphire substrates, and SOS integrated circuits and systems. The MOS capacitor, MIOS devices, and SOS process and device technology are also deliberated. This public

  12. Coastal pollution emergency plan. Part I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Semanov, G.; Volkov, V.; Somkin, V.; Iljushenko-Krylov, D.

    1997-12-31

    A higher degree of ecological safety in ship traffic depends on onboard measures as well as reception facilities on shore, treatment of ship generated wastes and preparedness for combating emergency oil spills. The problem is particularly acute in the North Sea Route (NSR) due to high vulnerability of the Arctic ecosystems, low rates of natural degradation of oil, absence of forward coastal infrastructure, low efficiency of oil combating means in ice conditions and severe climatic conditions. Oil spills in the NSR are likely to occur as the offshore production and transportation of oil increase. Therefore a regional Oil Spill Contingency Plan (OSCP) is being constructed and developed on 3 levels: 1) Development of concept, definition of response organisations and their technical ability (Part I). 2) Collection and analysis of information, development of scenarios of probable oil spills, clearing of the funding mechanism and basis for additional outside co-operation from other Russian regions and circumpolar countries (part II). 3) Development of NSR OSCP (part III). The present report (part I) provides the plan concept, rescue organisations and data on types and amounts of the oil spill combating technical means and of the floating facilities available in the NSR or it`s vicinity. The concept takes into account subdivision of the Route, interaction and links between responsible organisations, realities of the Russian Arctic such as transport, communications, energy, labour resources etc. and requirements of the IMO and of the International Convention OPRC 90. According to Russian legislation implementation of combating operations at sea is the responsibility of the Maritime Pollution Control and Salvage Administration that consists of a Central Administration and basin emergency divisions situated in Murmansk and Nahodka. The body is responsible for carrying out cleaning operations at sea from installations and may be assisted by resources and means of the co

  13. Topics in current aerosol research (part2)

    CERN Document Server

    Hidy, G M

    1972-01-01

    Topics in Current Aerosol Research, Part 2 contains some selected articles in the field of aerosol study. The chosen topics deal extensively with the theory of diffusiophoresis and thermophoresis. Also covered in the book is the mathematical treatment of integrodifferential equations originating from the theory of aerosol coagulation. The book is the third volume of the series entitled International Reviews in Aerosol Physics and Chemistry. The text offers significant understanding of the methods employed to develop a theory for thermophoretic and diffusiophoretic forces acting on spheres in t

  14. Rotating electric machine with fluid supported parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Jr., Joseph L.; Kirtley, Jr., James L.

    1981-01-01

    A rotating electric machine in which the armature winding thereof and other parts are supported by a liquid to withstand the mechanical stresses applied during transient overloads and the like. In particular, a narrow gap is provided between the armature winding and the stator which supports it and this gap is filled with an externally pressurized viscous liquid. The liquid is externally pressurized sufficiently to balance the static loads on the armature winding. Transient mechanical loads which deform the armature winding alter the gap dimensions and thereby additionally pressurize the viscous liquid to oppose the armature winding deformation and more nearly uniformly to distribute the resulting mechanical stresses.

  15. LOGISTICS AS A PART OF INNOVATION PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erika Loučanová

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the importance of logistics in innovation process. The issue is focused on management of different logistic processes building on the innovation and on innovation process. However, logistics is an essential part of this process. The results describe logistics chain within innovation process for the satisfaction of customers´ demand and fulfilment of customers’ requests on the innovation. This approach involves “7S of logistics” which means: “create proper innovation, in the proper quality, for the right place and in the right time, as well as, with the proper price and package”.

  16. The MU radar now partly in operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, S.; Ogawa, T.; Tsuda, T.; Sato, T.; Kimura, I.; Fukao, S.

    1984-01-01

    The MU radar (middle- and upper-atmosphere radar) of RASC (Radio Atmospheric Science Center, Kyoto University) is now partly in operation, although the facility will be completed in 1985. The active array system of the radar makes it possible to steer the radar beam as fast as in each interpulse period. Various sophisticated experiments are expected to be performed by the system. A preliminary observation was successful to elucidate atmospheric motions during Typhoon No. 5 which approached the radar site in August, 1983.

  17. Electroerosión. 1a. Parte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José William Moreno Portillo

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Mediante este trabajo se quiere dar a conocer los principios básicos que gobiernan el proceso de electroerosión, las partes principales de los equipos que se utilizan en el proceso y sus funciones, al igual que los principios de operación y sus principales parámetros tecnológicos. También se pretende dar algunos criterios que se deben tener en cuenta para la selección de un equipo de electroerosión y se hacen algunas consideraciones sobre el diseño de piezas que se van a obtener mediante este proceso.

  18. Temporomandibular disorders. Part 2: conservative management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaffer, Stephen M; Brismée, Jean-Michel; Sizer, Phillip S; Courtney, Carol A

    2014-01-01

    Appropriate management of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) requires an understanding of the underlying dysfunction associated with the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and surrounding structures. A comprehensive examination process, as described in part 1 of this series, can reveal underlying clinical findings that assist in the delivery of comprehensive physical therapy services for patients with TMD. Part 2 of this series focuses on management strategies for TMD. Physical therapy is the preferred conservative management approach for TMD. Physical therapists are professionally well-positioned to step into the void and provide clinical services for patients with TMD. Clinicians should utilize examination findings to design rehabilitation programs that focus on addressing patient-specific impairments. Potentially appropriate plan of care components include joint and soft tissue mobilization, trigger point dry needling, friction massage, therapeutic exercise, patient education, modalities, and outside referral. Management options should address both symptom reduction and oral function. Satisfactory results can often be achieved when management focuses on patient-specific clinical variables. PMID:24976744

  19. Overactive bladder - 18 years - Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truzzi, Jose Carlos; Gomes, Cristiano Mendes; Bezerra, Carlos A; Plata, Ivan Mauricio; Campos, Jose; Garrido, Gustavo Luis; Almeida, Fernando G; Averbeck, Marcio Augusto; Fornari, Alexandre; Salazar, Anibal; Dell'Oro, Arturo; Cintra, Caio; Sacomani, Carlos Alberto Ricetto; Tapia, Juan Pablo; Brambila, Eduardo; Longo, Emilio Miguel; Rocha, Flavio Trigo; Coutinho, Francisco; Favre, Gabriel; Garcia, Jose Antonio; Castano, Juan; Reyes, Miguel; Leyton, Rodrigo Eugenio; Ferreira, Ruiter Silva; Duran, Sergio; Lopez, Vanda; Reges, Ricardo

    2016-01-01

    Overactive bladder syndrome is one of the lower urinary tract dysfunctions with the highest number of scientific publications over the past two decades. This shows the growing interest in better understanding this syndrome, which gathers symptoms of urinary urgency and increased daytime and nighttime voiding frequency, with or without urinary incontinence and results in a negative impact on the quality of life of approximately one out of six individuals - including both genders and almost all age groups. The possibility of establishing the diagnosis just from clinical data made patients' access to specialized care easier. Physiotherapy resources have been incorporated into the urological daily practice. A number of more selective antimuscarinic drugs with consequent lower adverse event rates were released. Recently, a new class of oral drugs, beta-adrenergic agonists has become part of the armamentarium for Overactive Bladder. Botulinum toxin injections in the bladder and sacral neuromodulation are routine modalities of treatment for refractory cases. During the 1st Latin-American Consultation on Overactive Bladder, a comprehensive review of the literature related to the evolution of the concept, epidemiology, diagnosis, and management was conducted. This text corresponds to the first part of the review Overactive Bladder 18-years.

  20. Enthesopathies and enthesitis. Part 1. Etiopathogenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The pathologies of tendon and ligament attachments are called enthesopathies. One of its types is enthesitis which is a characteristic sign of peripheral spondyloarthropathy. Clinical diagnosis of enthesitis is based on rather non-specific clinical signs and results of laboratory tests. Imaging examinations are highly promising. Numerous publications prove that enthesitis can be differentiated from other enthesopathic processes in an ultrasound examination or magnetic resonance imaging. However, some reports indicate the lack of histological criteria, specific immunological changes and features in imaging examinations that would allow the clinical diagnosis of enthesitis to be confirmed. The first part of the publication presents theories on the etiopathogenesis of enthesopathies: inflammatory, mechanical, autoimmune, genetic and associated with the synovio-entheseal complex, as well as theories on the formation of enthesophytes: infl ammatory, molecular and mechanical. The second part of the paper is a review of the state-of-the-art on the ability of imaging examinations to diagnose enthesitis. It indicates that none of the criteria of inflammation used in imaging medicine is specific for this pathology. As enthesitis may be the only symptom of early spondyloarthropathy (particularly in patients with absent HLA-B27 receptor, the lack of its unambiguous picture in ultrasound and magnetic resonance scans prompts the search for other signs characteristic of this disease and more specific markers in imaging in order to establish diagnosis as early as possible.

  1. Visualizing Forensic Data : Evidence Guidelines (Part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damian Schofield

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Visualisation is becoming increasingly important for understanding information, such as investigative data (for example: computing, medical and crime scene evidence and analysis (for example: network capability assessment, data file reconstruction and planning scenarios. Investigative data visualisation is used to reconstruct a scene or item and is used to assist the viewer (who may well be a member of the general public with little or no understanding of the subject matter to understand what is being presented. Analysis visualisations, on the other hand, are usually developed to review data, information and assess competing scenario hypotheses for those who usually have an understanding of the subject matter. Visualisation represents information that has been digitally recorded (for example: pictures, video and sound, hand written and/or spoken data, to show what may have, could have, did happen or is believed to have happened. That is why visualising data is an important development in the analysis and investigation realms, as visualisation explores the accuracies, inconsistencies and discrepancies of the collected data and information. This paper presents introduces some of the various graphical techniques and technology used to display digital information in a courtroom. The advantages and disadvantages involved in the implementation of this technology are also discussed. This paper is part one of a two part series that aims to describe the use of, and provide guidelines for, the use of graphical displays in courtrooms.

  2. Radioactivity survey data in Japan, part 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1989-10-01

    The report presents data obtained through a radioactivity survey. Various environmental and dietary materials are collected for analysis. Rain and dry fallout are collected monthly. Airborne dust is collected every three months. Service water samples are taken semiyearly. Freshwater is taken once a year (fishing season). Soil samples are taken once a year from two layers at different depths. Sea water is collected once a year at fixed stations where the effect of terrestrial fresh water from rivers is expected to be negligibly small. Sea sediments are collected once a year in the same area as that for the sea water sample. A full one day ordinary diet including three meals, water and tea for five persons is collected semiyearly as a sample of 'total diet'. Polished rice is collected in producing districts and in consuming areas. Raw milk is collected in producing districts and commercial milk is purchased in consuming districts. Vegetable are collected once a year in producing and consuming districts. Tea samples are also collected once a year. Fish, shellfish and seaweeds are collected once a year. Test solutions are prepared from these samples. Strontium-90 and cesium-137 are separated and subjected to quantitative determination. Results obtained are tabulated. This part (Part 2) presents data on environmental materials. (N.K.)

  3. Radioactivity survey data in Japan, part 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1989-04-01

    The report presents data obtained through a radioactivity survey. Various environmental and dietary materials are collected for analysis. Rain and dry fallout are collected monthly. Airborne dust is collected every three months. Service water samples are taken semiyearly. Freshwater is taken once a year (fishing season). Soil samples are taken once a year from two layers at different depths. Sea water is collected once a year at fixed stations where the effect of terrestrial fresh water from rivers is expected to be negligibly small. Sea sediments are collected once a year in the same area as that for the sea water sample. A full one day ordinary diet including three meals, water and tea for five persons is collected semiyearly as a sample of 'total diet'. Polished rice is collected in producing districts and in consuming areas. Raw milk is collected in producing districts and commercial milk is purchased in consuming districts. Vegetable are collected once a year in producing and consuming districts. Tea samples are also collected once a year. Fish, shellfish and seaweeds are collected once a year. Test solutions are prepared from these samples. Strontium-90 and cesium-137 are separated and subjected to quantitative determination. Results obtained are tabulated. This part (Part 1) presents data on environmental materials. (N.K.)

  4. Radioactivity survey data in Japan, part 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1989-04-01

    The report presents data obtained through a radioactivity survey. Various environmental and dietary materials are collected for analysis. Rain and dry fallout are collected monthly. Airborne dust is collected every three months. Service water samples are taken semiyearly. Freshwater is taken once a year (fishing season). Soil samples are taken once a year from two layers at different depths. Sea water is collected once a year at fixed stations where the effect of terrestrial fresh water from rivers is expected to be negligibly small. Sea sediments are collected once a year in the same area as that for the sea water sample. A full one day ordinary diet including three meals, water and tea for five persons is collected semiyearly as a sample of 'total diet'. Polished rice is collected in producing districts and in consuming areas. Raw milk is collected in producing districts and commercial milk is purchased in consuming districts. Vegetable are collected once a year in producing and consuming districts. Tea samples are also collected once a year. Fish, shellfish and seaweeds are collected once a year. Test solutions are prepared from these samples. Strontium-90 and cesium-137 are separated and subjected to quantitative determination. Results obtained are tabulated. This part (Part 2) presents data on dietary materials. (N.K.)

  5. Dramaturgia carnavalesca o festiva (2a parte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Duque Mesa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente ensayo continúa la reflexión acerca de la Dramaturgia carnavalesca o festiva, enfocada en las búsquedas colectivas e individuales, más interesantes que se han venido dando en la práctica por parte de diversos grupos teatrales colombianos experimentales y latinoamericanos. Desde la década de los setenta hasta el momento presente, teniendo como referente las fuentes carnavalescas o festivas por parte de los grandes creadores de la literatura universal popular como: Aristófanes, Menandro, Plauto, Terencio, Teatro Popular Medieval, la Comedia del Arte, con Ángelo Beolco (Ruzzante, Carlo Goldoni, Pietro Aretino, Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Lope de Rueda, Félix Lope de Vega, Tirso de Molina, Francisco de Quevedo y Villegas, William Shakespeare, Molière, François Rabelais, Giovanni Bocaccio, hasta llegar a Alfred Jarry, Bertolt Brecht, Darío Fo, Franca Rame, Gabriel García Márquez, Santiago García, Enrique Buenaventura, Juan José Arreola, entre muchos otros. Creaciones dadas en un tiempo y en un espacio en el que se comienza a ver y analizar desde las prácticas de la escena, los más diversos y complejos procesos histórico-sociales

  6. Curriculum Redesign in Veterinary Medicine: Part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaney, Kristin P; Macik, Maria L; Turner, Jacqueline S; Korich, Jodi A; Rogers, Kenita S; Fowler, Debra; Scallan, Elizabeth M; Keefe, Lisa M

    Curricular review is considered a necessary component for growth and enhancement of academic programs and requires time, energy, creativity, and persistence from both faculty and administration. At Texas A&M College of Veterinary Medicine & Biomedical Sciences (TAMU), the faculty and administration partnered with the university's Center for Teaching Excellence to create a faculty-driven, data-enhanced curricular redesign process. The 8-step process begins with the formation of a dedicated faculty curriculum design team to drive the redesign process and to support the college curriculum committee. The next steps include defining graduate outcomes and mapping the current curriculum to identify gaps and redundancies across the curriculum. Data are collected from internal and external stakeholders including veterinary students, faculty, alumni, and employers of graduates. Data collected through curriculum mapping and stakeholder engagement substantiate the curriculum redesign. The guidelines, supporting documents, and 8-step process developed at TAMU are provided to assist other veterinary schools in successful curricular redesign. This is the first of a two-part report that provides the background, context, and description of the process for charting the course for curricular change. The process involves defining expected learning outcomes for new graduates, conducting a curriculum mapping exercise, and collecting stakeholder data for curricular evaluation (steps 1-4). The second part of the report describes the development of rubrics that were applied to the graduate learning outcomes (steps 5-8) and engagement of faculty during the implementation phases of data-driven curriculum change.

  7. Short history of PACS (Part II: Europe)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lemke, Heinz U.

    2011-01-01

    Although the concept of picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) was developed in Europe during the latter part of the 1970s, no working system was completed at that time. The first PACS implementations took place in the United States in the early 1980s, e.g. at Pennsylvania University, UCLA, and Kansas City University. Some more or less successful PACS developments also took place in Europe in the 1980s, particularly in the Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Scandinavia, and Germany. Most systems could be characterized by their focus on a single department, such as radiology or nuclear medicine. European hospital-wide PACS with high visibility evolved in the early 1990s in London (Hammersmith Hospital) and Vienna (SMZO). These were followed during the latter part of the 1990s by approximately 10-20 PACS installations in each of the major industrialized countries of Europe. Wide-area PACS covering several health care institutions in a region are now in the process of being implemented in a number of European countries. Because of limitations of space some countries, for example, Denmark, Finland, Spain, Greece, as well as Eastern European countries, etc. could not be appropriately represented in this paper.

  8. Study of laser cladding nuclear valve parts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shi Shihong; Wang Xinlin; Huang Guodong

    1998-12-01

    The mechanism of laser cladding is discussed by using heat transfer model of laser cladding, heat conduction model of laser cladding and convective transfer mass model of laser melt-pool. Subsequently the laser cladding speed limit and the influence of laser cladding parameters on cladding layer structure is analyzed. A 5 kW with CO 2 transverse flow is used in the research for cladding treatment of sealing surface of stop valve parts of nuclear power stations. The laser cladding layer is found to be 3.0 mm thick. The cladding surface is smooth and has no such defects as crack, gas pore, etc. A series of comparisons with plasma spurt welding and arc bead welding has been performed. The results show that there are higher grain grade and hardness, lower dilution and better performances of resistance to abrasion, wear and of anti-erosion in the laser cladding layer. The new technology of laser cladding can obviously improve the quality of nuclear valve parts. Consequently it is possible to lengthen the service life of nuclear valve and to raise the safety and reliability of the production system

  9. Reconfigurability in MDO Problem Synthesis. Part 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandrov, Natalia M.; Lewis, Robert Michael

    2004-01-01

    Integrating autonomous disciplines into a problem amenable to solution presents a major challenge in realistic multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO). We propose a linguistic approach to MDO problem description, formulation, and solution we call reconfigurable multidisciplinary synthesis (REMS). With assistance from computer science techniques, REMS comprises an abstract language and a collection of processes that provide a means for dynamic reasoning about MDO problems in a range of contexts. The approach may be summarized as follows. Description of disciplinary data according to the rules of a grammar, followed by lexical analysis and compilation, yields basic computational components that can be assembled into various MDO problem formulations and solution algorithms, including hybrid strategies, with relative ease. The ability to re-use the computational components is due to the special structure of the MDO problem. The range of contexts for reasoning about MDO spans tasks from error checking and derivative computation to formulation and reformulation of optimization problem statements. In highly structured contexts, reconfigurability can mean a straightforward transformation among problem formulations with a single operation. We hope that REMS will enable experimentation with a variety of problem formulations in research environments, assist in the assembly of MDO test problems, and serve as a pre-processor in computational frameworks in production environments. Part 1 of two companion papers, discusses the fundamentals of REMS. This paper, Part 2 illustrates the methodology in more detail.

  10. Reconfigurability in MDO Problem Synthesis. Part 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexandrov, Natalia M.; Lewis, Robert Michael

    2004-01-01

    Integrating autonomous disciplines into a problem amenable to solution presents a major challenge in realistic multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO). We propose a linguistic approach to MDO problem description, formulation, and solution we call reconfigurable multidisciplinary synthesis (REMS). With assistance from computer science techniques, REMS comprises an abstract language and a collection of processes that provide a means for dynamic reasoning about MDO problems in a range of contexts. The approach may be summarized as follows. Description of disciplinary data according to the rules of a grammar, followed by lexical analysis and compilation, yields basic computational components that can be assembled into various MDO problem formulations and solution algorithms, including hybrid strategies, with relative ease. The ability to re-use the computational components is due to the special structure of the MDO problem. The range of contexts for reasoning about MDO spans tasks from error checking and derivative computation to formulation and reformulation of optimization problem statements. In highly structured contexts, reconfigurability can mean a straightforward transformation among problem formulations with a single operation. We hope that REMS will enable experimentation with a variety of problem formulations in research environments, assist in the assembly of MDO test problems, and serve as a pre-processor in computational frameworks in production environments. This paper, Part 1 of two companion papers, discusses the fundamentals of REMS. Part 2 illustrates the methodology in more detail.

  11. 12 CFR Appendix B to Part 31 - Comparison of Selected Provisions of Part 31 and Part 32 (as of October 1, 1996)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Comparison of Selected Provisions of Part 31 and Part 32 (as of October 1, 1996) B Appendix B to Part 31 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY EXTENSIONS OF CREDIT TO INSIDERS AND TRANSACTIONS WITH AFFILIATES Pt. 31, App. B Appendix B to Part 31—Comparison of...

  12. Mobile TV as Part of IMT Advanced

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tadayoni, Reza; Henten, Anders; Skouby, Knud Erik

    2008-01-01

    The paper is an exploratory study of the technological and market development potentials of mobile TV as part of IMT Advanced. Different mobile TV platforms and technologies are already available on the market, and huge resources are allocated to push the development forward. The technology......, Wireless/Mobile IPTV and the Converged Platforms; the regulatory challenges are identified and the revenue models and interests of the stakeholders are discussed as an indicator of the future changes in market structure and organisation. Udgivelsesdato: Juni...... solutions, business models and the regulatory framework are in many respects disruptive and present major challenges for the possible success of mobile TV services. In this paper the technology solutions are analyzed for the four major mobile TV platforms/technologies: MPVR (podcast), In-band services...

  13. Medicare Part D and Portfolio Choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayyagari, Padmaja; He, Daifeng

    2016-05-01

    This study evaluates the impact of medical expenditure risk on portfolio choice among the elderly. The risk of large medical expenditures can be substantial for elderly individuals and is only partially mitigated by access to health insurance. The presence of deductibles, copayments, and other cost-sharing mechanisms implies that medical spending risk can be viewed as an undiversifiable background risk. Economic theory suggests that increases in background risk reduce the optimal financial risk that an individual or household is willing to bear (Pratt and Zeckhauser 1987; Elmendorf and Kimball 2000). In this study, we evaluate this hypothesis by estimating the impact of the introduction of the Medicare Part D program, which significantly reduced prescription drug spending risk for seniors, on portfolio choice.

  14. Travel medicine: Part 1-The basics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamata, Kazuhiro; Birrer, Richard B; Tokuda, Yasuharu

    2017-04-01

    International travels for tourism and business purposes continue to increase annually, while the global terrorism and the risk of lethal viral infections are currently real concerns. It is important that primary care physicians assess travel risk and adequately prepare the prospective traveler for trips. Appropriate vaccines should be administered and an emergency self-kit recommended. Patient should be educated about safe travel habits and a posttravel follow-up process established. Further, traveling healthcare professionals may be called upon to assist an ill patient at any time during their journey. In these 2-part special articles, we provide a practical brief summary of up-to-date travel medicine basics for primary care physicians.

  15. ELECTRONIC COMMERCE, PART OF THE INFORMATION SOCIETY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TEODORESCU ANA-MARIA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This article shows the role of electronic commerce in the digital economy, where information is the main resource. Internet, information society technology vector, made possible transition to a knowledge society at the beginning of XXI century. New economy involves transition from a traditional economy based on resources, to a knowledge-based economy. The development of information technology leads to major changes in the economic and social fields. In a world of globalization, e-commerce, part of the information society, manages to eliminate geographical barriers between participants at economic transactions. I presented e-commerce history, definitions. I pointed out the importance of this sector at european level by quantification of indicators. I used a theoretical research and qualitative analysis of the data. I presented values indicators at the european level, the lowest and highest value, and recorded values for Romania.

  16. Stennis engineer part of LCROSS moon mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Karma Snyder, a project manager at NASA's John C. Stennis Space Center, was a senior design engineer on the RL10 liquid rocket engine that powered the Centaur, the upper stage of the rocket used in NASA's Lunar CRater Observation and Sensing Satellite (LCROSS) mission in October 2009. Part of the LCROSS mission was to search for water on the moon by striking the lunar surface with a rocket stage, creating a plume of debris that could be analyzed for water ice and vapor. Snyder's work on the RL10 took place from 1995 to 2001 when she was a senior design engineer with Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne. Years later, she sees the project as one of her biggest accomplishments in light of the LCROSS mission. 'It's wonderful to see it come into full service,' she said. 'As one of my co-workers said, the original dream was to get that engine to the moon, and we're finally realizing that dream.'

  17. Body-Part Tracking of Infants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Mikkel Damgaard; Herskind, Anna; Nielsen, Jens Bo

    2014-01-01

    Motion tracking is a widely used technique to analyze and measure adult human movement. However, these methods cannot be transferred directly to motion tracking of infants due to the big differences in the underlying human model. However, motion tracking of infants can be used for automatic...... analysis of infant development and might be able to tell something about possible motor disabilities such as cerebral palsy. In this paper, we address markerless 3D body part detection of infants using a widely available depth sensor and discuss some of the major challenges that arise. We present a method...... to detect and identify a set of the anatomical extremities and the results are evaluated based on manually annotated 3D positions....

  18. Structure of partly quenched molten copper chloride

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pastore, G.; Tosi, M.P.

    1995-09-01

    The structural modifications induced in a model of molten CuCl by quenching the chlorine component into a microporous disordered matrix are evaluated using the hypernetted-chain closure in Ornstein-Zernike relations for the pair distribution functions in random systems. Aside from obvious changes in the behaviour of long-wavelength density fluctuations, the main effect of partial quenching is an enhanced delocalization of the Cu + ions. The model suggests that the ionic mobility in a superionic glass is enhanced relative to the melt at the same temperature and density. Only very minor quantitative differences are found in the structural functions when the replica Ornstein-Zernike relations derived by Given and Stell for a partly quenched system are simplified to those given earlier by Madden and Glandt. (author). 19 refs, 6 figs

  19. Absorption chillers: Part of the solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Occhionero, A.J.; Hughes, P.J.; Reid, E.A.

    1991-01-01

    Acid rain, ozone depletion, global warming, and implementation economics are considered as they relate to the advisability of expanding the application of absorption chillers. Introductory and background information are provided to put the discussion in the proper context. Then all four issues are discussed separately as they relate to absorption chillers. Acid rain and ozone depletion concerns, and implementation economics, are found to support the expanded use of absorption chillers. The global warming concern is found to be more of a gray area, but the areas of benefit correspond well with the conditions of greatest economic advantage. All things considered, absorption chillers are believed to be part of the environmental and economic solution. It is further believed that integrated resource planning (IRP) processes that consider electric and gas technologies on an equal footing would come to the same conclusion for many regions of the United States. 9 refs., 3 tabs

  20. Neurofibromatosis: part 2 – clinical management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pollyanna Barros Batista

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Part 1 of this guideline addressed the differential diagnosis of the neurofibromatoses (NF: neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1, neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2 and schwannomatosis (SCH. NF shares some features such as the genetic origin of the neural tumors and cutaneous manifestations, and affects nearly 80 thousand Brazilians. Increasing scientific knowledge on NF has allowed better clinical management and reduced rate of complications and morbidity, resulting in higher quality of life for NF patients. Most medical doctors are able to perform NF diagnosis, but the wide range of clinical manifestations and the inability to predict the onset or severity of new features, consequences, or complications make NF management a real clinical challenge, requiring the support of different specialists for proper treatment and genetic counseling, especially in NF2 and SCH. The present text suggests guidelines for the clinical management of NF, with emphasis on NF1.

  1. Microhydropower Handbook, Volume 1, Part 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McKinney, J.D.

    1983-01-01

    The purpose of the “Microhydropower Handbook, Volume 1, Part 2” is to provide a mechanically proficient lay person with sufficient information to evaluate microhydropower site potential, lay out a site, select and install equipment, and finally, operate and maintain the completed system. The actual construction details of the site are not included; rather, pointers are given as to what help an individual should expect from a construction contractor, and general guidelines on construction details are provided. In addition, information about obtaining financing and permits is provided. To help offset cost, the person performing the work, referred to as the “developer,” is encouraged to do as much of the work as possible. However, developers with major areas of uncertainty should consider professional assistance.

  2. CISG Part II in Nordic Context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lookofsky, Joseph

    2015-01-01

    formation rules in NCA Chapter I – which for nearly 100 years applied by default to all contracts – no longer apply to contracts for the international sale of goods. As regards this latter significant contract category, Chapter I of the NCA has (except for inter-Nordic sales) been pre-empted, i.e. replaced......In 2015, as the Nordic countries celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Nordic Contract Act (NCA), there is also good reason to celebrate the fact that - due to recent developments - the original field of NCA application has been narrowed in one important respect. In particular, the contract......, by Part II of the 1980 United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG)....

  3. 47 CFR 24.2 - Other applicable rule parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... procedures concerning the marketing and importation of radio frequency devices, and for obtaining equipment... conditions relating to the marketing of part 15 devices. Unlicensed PCS devices operate under subpart D of... towers. (g) Part 20 of this chapter governs commercial mobile radio services. (h) Part 21. This part...

  4. 47 CFR 90.5 - Other applicable rule parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... MOBILE RADIO SERVICES General Information § 90.5 Other applicable rule parts. Other Commission rule parts..., and treaties. This part also contains standards and procedures concerning marketing of radio frequency... contains rules relating to commercial mobile radio services. (i) Part 20 which governs commercial mobile...

  5. 48 CFR 1503.000 - Scope of part.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Scope of part. 1503.000 Section 1503.000 Federal Acquisition Regulations System ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GENERAL IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST 1503.000 Scope of part. This part implements FAR part...

  6. 12 CFR 509.9 - Ex parte communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... communications. (a) Definition—(1) Ex parte communication means any material oral or written communication... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Ex parte communications. 509.9 Section 509.9... an ex parte communication. (b) Prohibition of ex parte communications. From the time the notice is...

  7. End-of-Life Inventory Decisions of Service Parts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Pourakbar (Morteza)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractWith the spurt of technology and innovation the life cycles of parts and products have become shorter and service parts enter their final phases earlier. Final phase of a typical service part starts once the part production is ceased and ends when the last service or warranty contract

  8. Last Time Buy and repair decisions for fast moving parts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Behfard, S.; Al Hanbali, A.; van der Heijden, M. C.; Zijm, W. H.M.

    2018-01-01

    Spare part availability is essential for advanced capital goods with a long service period. Sourcing becomes challenging once the production of spare parts ceases, while the remaining service period is still long. In this paper, we focus on fast moving parts with repair of failed parts as an

  9. 30 CFR 56.14107 - Moving machine parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Moving machine parts. 56.14107 Section 56.14107... Safety Devices and Maintenance Requirements § 56.14107 Moving machine parts. (a) Moving machine parts... takeup pulleys, flywheels, couplings, shafts, fan blades, and similar moving parts that can cause injury...

  10. RA reactor operation in 1991, Part 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sotic, O.; Cupac, S.; Sulem, B.; Zivotic, Z.; Majstorovic, D.; Sanovic, V.

    1992-01-01

    During the previous period RA reactor was not operated because the Committee of Serbian ministry for health and social care has cancelled the operation licence in August 1984. The reason was the non existing emergency cooling system and lack of appropriate filters in the special ventilation system. Control and maintenance of the reactor instrumentation and tools was done regularly but dependent on the availability of the spare parts. In order to enable future reliable operation of the RA reactor, according to new licensing regulations, during 1991, three major tasks were fulfilled: building of the new emergency cooling system, reconstruction of the existing ventilation system, and renewal of the reactor power supply system. Renewal of the reactor instrumentation was started but but it is behind the schedule in 1991 because the delivery of components from USSR is late. Production of this instruments is financed by the IAEA according to the contract signed in December 1988 with Russian Atomenergoexport. According to this contract, it has been planned that the RA reactor instrumentation should be delivered to the Vinca Institute by the end of 1990. Since then any delivery of components to Yugoslavia was stopped because of the temporary embargo imposed by the IAEA for political reasons. In 1991 most of the existing RA reactor instrumentation was dismantled, only the part needed for basic measurements when reactor is not operated, was maintained. Training of the existing personnel was done regularly, but lack of financial support prevented employment of new workers that would be needed for operation in shifts and regular maintenance [sr

  11. Development of aero-engines, part I

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dehn, K.

    1943-01-01

    In the first part of a two-part paper on aero-engine development, Dehn gives an overview of engine types and configurations. The information includes graphic illustrations on performance and pictures of engines. Various configurations of engines depicted were radial, V, in-line, in-line opposed and an inverted V design. Pointing out steps which could be taken to increase engine efficiency, the author explains that by using faired, air-cooled power plants, a full 20% increase in power could be gained as compared to using a similar, water-cooled engine. More horsepower could be derived from engines operating at higher temperatures, but this presented heat problems on overheating at high rev's just before take-off and during climb-out to cruising altitude. Developments in fuel-injected and turbo-charged engines were much superior to carbureted systems in that service ceilings could be increased effectively. Also, described is a rather unusual aircraft power plant. This was the Junkers Jumo 205 aero-diesel which actually saw service. Each engine had six chambers, and each chamber contained two pistons, one suspended above the other. Real and theoretical heat loss in Otto motors as related to pressure and engine displacement was also subject to investigation. In his discussion, Dehn continually uses examples of both British and American aircraft engines as technological comparisons with German engines. At the end of this section it is mentioned that work on jet motors and newer developments had intentionally been excluded from the paper, apparently since details were not readily available.

  12. Computer hardware for radiologists: Part 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Indrajit, IK; Alam, A

    2010-01-01

    Computers are an integral part of modern radiology equipment. In the first half of this two-part article, we dwelt upon some fundamental concepts regarding computer hardware, covering components like motherboard, central processing unit (CPU), chipset, random access memory (RAM), and memory modules. In this article, we describe the remaining computer hardware components that are of relevance to radiology. “Storage drive” is a term describing a “memory” hardware used to store data for later retrieval. Commonly used storage drives are hard drives, floppy drives, optical drives, flash drives, and network drives. The capacity of a hard drive is dependent on many factors, including the number of disk sides, number of tracks per side, number of sectors on each track, and the amount of data that can be stored in each sector. “Drive interfaces” connect hard drives and optical drives to a computer. The connections of such drives require both a power cable and a data cable. The four most popular “input/output devices” used commonly with computers are the printer, monitor, mouse, and keyboard. The “bus” is a built-in electronic signal pathway in the motherboard to permit efficient and uninterrupted data transfer. A motherboard can have several buses, including the system bus, the PCI express bus, the PCI bus, the AGP bus, and the (outdated) ISA bus. “Ports” are the location at which external devices are connected to a computer motherboard. All commonly used peripheral devices, such as printers, scanners, and portable drives, need ports. A working knowledge of computers is necessary for the radiologist if the workflow is to realize its full potential and, besides, this knowledge will prepare the radiologist for the coming innovations in the ‘ever increasing’ digital future

  13. Computer hardware for radiologists: Part 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indrajit I

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Computers are an integral part of modern radiology equipment. In the first half of this two-part article, we dwelt upon some fundamental concepts regarding computer hardware, covering components like motherboard, central processing unit (CPU, chipset, random access memory (RAM, and memory modules. In this article, we describe the remaining computer hardware components that are of relevance to radiology. "Storage drive" is a term describing a "memory" hardware used to store data for later retrieval. Commonly used storage drives are hard drives, floppy drives, optical drives, flash drives, and network drives. The capacity of a hard drive is dependent on many factors, including the number of disk sides, number of tracks per side, number of sectors on each track, and the amount of data that can be stored in each sector. "Drive interfaces" connect hard drives and optical drives to a computer. The connections of such drives require both a power cable and a data cable. The four most popular "input/output devices" used commonly with computers are the printer, monitor, mouse, and keyboard. The "bus" is a built-in electronic signal pathway in the motherboard to permit efficient and uninterrupted data transfer. A motherboard can have several buses, including the system bus, the PCI express bus, the PCI bus, the AGP bus, and the (outdated ISA bus. "Ports" are the location at which external devices are connected to a computer motherboard. All commonly used peripheral devices, such as printers, scanners, and portable drives, need ports. A working knowledge of computers is necessary for the radiologist if the workflow is to realize its full potential and, besides, this knowledge will prepare the radiologist for the coming innovations in the ′ever increasing′ digital future.

  14. NASA Electronic Parts and Packaging (NEPP) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Shri

    2012-01-01

    Recent Findings from Audits, New Technology Data Reviews a) Disabled Chip Burn-ins A recent audit for a QML device discovered that the chip was disabled during the static burn-in, thus it was not drawing any current. Recommendation: For new SMDs add a statement within the burn-in paragraphs stating that the parts shall be kept in their enabled state during the burn-in. b) Class Q 160-hr/125oC Burn-in This is being interpreted as a static burn-in (even for CMOS technology). Recommendation: Provide clarification in MIL-STD-883, Test Method 5004. c) At Frequency (Dynamic) Burn-ins Test equipment limitation is being cited for not doing burn-ins at the application frequency. Recommendation: The burn-in task group to discuss and provide guidance. When the SMD says that the part can be used at 200 MHz, then doing burn-in at 6 MHz (cited as burn-in equipment limitation frequency) is not going to be meaningful! d) Two Static Burn-ins Some manufacturers are doing electrical testing between the two static burn-ins, whereas others do electricals after completing both static burn-ins. Recommendation: Provide clarification in MIL-STD-883, Test Method 5004. e) Thermal Imaging For a device with hot spots, the thermal resistance, junction-to-case, would be much higher than the guidelines given in MIL-STD-1835. One of the suppliers used thermal imaging to find hot spots on the die. Recommendation: Assign a task group to evaluate the effectiveness of thermal imaging at the product development stage.

  15. Lubrication handbook for use in the space industry. Part A: Solid lubricants. Part B: Liquid lubricants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, M. E.; Thompson, M. B.

    1972-01-01

    This handbook provides a ready reference for many of the solid and liquid lubricants used in the space industry. Lubricants and lubricant properties are arranged systematically so that designers, engineers, and maintenance personnel in the space industry can conveniently locate data needed for their work. The handbook is divided into two major parts. Part A is a compilation of chemical and physical property data of more than 250 solid lubricants, bonded solid lubricants, dispersions and composites. Part B is a compilation of chemical and physical property data of more than 250 liquid lubricants, greases, oils, compounds and fluids. The listed materials cover a broad spectrum, from manufacturing and ground support to hardware applications for missiles and spacecraft.

  16. Lubrication handbook for the space industry. Part A: Solid lubricants. Part B: Liquid lubricants

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mcmurtrey, E. L.

    1985-01-01

    This handbook is intended to provide a ready reference for many of the solid and liquid lubricants used in the space industry. Lubricants and lubricant properties are arranged systematically so that designers, engineers, and maintenance personnel can conveniently locate data needed for their work. This handbook is divided into two major parts (A and B). Part A is a compilation of solid lubricant suppliers information on chemical and physical property of data of more than 250 solid lubricants, bonded solid lubricants, dispersions, and composites. Part B is a compilation of chemical and physical porperty data of more then 250 liquid lubricants, greases, oils, compounds, and fluids. The listed materials cover a broad spectrum from manufacturing and ground support to hardware applications of spacecraft.

  17. Die Casting Part Distortion: Prediction and Attenuation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dr, R. Allen Miller

    2002-02-12

    The goal of this research was to predict the part deformation and residual stresses after ejection from the die and cooling to room temperature. A finite element model was built to achieve this goal and several modeling techniques were investigated throughout this research. Die-casting is a very complex process and the researchers are faced with a large number of hard to solve physical problems when modeling the process. Several assumptions are made in our simulation model. The first significant assumption is the instantaneous cavity filling. This means that the cavity filling stage is not considered in our model. Considering the cavity filling stage increases the modeling complexity as a result of different flow patterns. expected in the shot sleeve, gate, runner and different cavity features. The flow of gas from the cavity through the vents is another problem that is ignored in our model as a result of this assumption. Our second assumption is that the cast metal has uniform temperature distribution inside the cavity, at the starting point of simulation. This temperature is assumed to be over liquidus limit, i.e. the solid fraction is 0.0% of the cast metal. The third assumption is due to ABAQUS (commercial software used in this research) limitations. ABAQUS cannot deal with multi-phase models; therefore we use solid elements to define the casting instead of multi-phase (liquid/solid) elements. Liquid elements can carry the hydrostatic pressure from the shot sleeve and apply it on the cavity surfaces, while the solid elements do not have this capability. To compensate for this assumption we add the cavity pressure as a boundary condition and apply it on the cavity surface separately from the part. Another issue with this assumption is that, liquid casting can follow the cavity shape when it distorts. With the use of solid elements to represent the casting during its liquid state, it loses this capability to follow the cavity. Several techniques were tested to

  18. [Medicine in ancient Mesopotamia--part 1].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins E Silva, J

    2009-01-01

    The present work summarizes the more elucidating aspects on the foundations and the practice of the medicine in Antique Mesopotamia, since the invention of the writing, more than 5000 thousand years ago, and the beginning of our era. The first part of the article includes a brief perspective about the political and social evolution that characterized those archaic civilizations, as well as the inventions and knowledge further used by the following Humanity's generations. Most of what is known on the subject, as well as the history and political-social events that occurred in the region during that remote epoch, resulted of the laborious decoding of about half a million small clay plates or fragments with text engravings in cuneiform characters that were discovered since the middle of the XIX century in the ruins of the main cities of the Babylonian and Assyrian empires. The second part embraces exclusively the main characteristics of the medicine in Ancient Mesopotamia, in its main facets: concept of disease, healers and practice. The disease was considered a divine punishment or resultant from a malign influence. In that base, the medicine began by being preventive, by the use of appropriate amulets, or by offerings or sacrifices intending to pacify those malign forces. The treatment of the generality of the diseases privileged the expulsion of those spirits and malign influences from the patient body, purifying it, which was done by the specific intervention of an ãshipu (clergyman-exorcist); not having results, the treatment was continued by the asû (practical healer) that appealed to a group of physical manipulations, limited surgical acts and the administration or application of prescriptions, resultants of the mixture of organic and inorganic substances. In case of failing, the patients (as well as individuals or rein leaders) could fall back upon a priest diviner (bârû) who, by examination of the organs of an animal especially sacrificed for the effect

  19. 14 CFR Appendix I to Part 151 - Appendix I to Part 151

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) AIRPORTS FEDERAL AID TO AIRPORTS Pt. 151, App. I Appendix I to Part 151 [Lists of Advisory Circulars incorporated by § 151.72: (a) Circulars available free of charge.] Number Subject AC 150/5300-3 Adaptation of..., and Hazardous Areas on Airports. AC 150/5340-13 High Intensity Lighting System. AC 150/5340-14 Economy...

  20. Part-of-Speech Persistence: The Influence of Part-of-Speech Information on Lexical Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melinger, Alissa; Koenig, Jean-Pierre

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents three naming experiments designed to investigate whether the activation levels of syntactic features associated with lexical items, specifically part-of-speech information, can influence lexical processes. Naming preferences for orthographically ambiguous but phonologically distinct English nouns and verbs, such as "convict"…

  1. Aprendamos juntos: Cuaderno de trabajo. Primera parte (Let's Learn Together: Workbook. Part One).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Instituto Nacional para la Educacion de los Adultos, Mexico City (Mexico).

    This workbook is part of a Mexican series of instructional materials designed for Spanish speaking adults who are in the process of becoming literate or have recently become literate in their native language. This workbook focuses on teaching initial sounds and letters and moves on to simple words and sentences. The unit on mathematics goes over…

  2. Aprendamos juntos: Cuaderno de trabajo. Segunda parte (Let's Learn Together: Workbook. Part Two).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Instituto Nacional para la Educacion de los Adultos, Mexico City (Mexico).

    This workbook is part of a Mexican series of instructional materials designed for Spanish speaking adults who are in the process of becoming literate or have recently become literate in their native language. This workbook provides an introduction to grammar. It is designed to help students learn to write words, complete sentences, and paragraphs.…

  3. Minister Juhan Parts : Eesti tööseadusandlus on iganenud / Juhan Parts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parts, Juhan, 1966-

    2007-01-01

    Majandus- ja kommunikatsiooniminister Juhan Parts kavatseb oma ametiajal reguleerida tööandja ja töötaja vahelisi suhteid, suurendada teadus- ja arendustegevusele suunatud kulutusi ning säilitada praegust maksusüsteemi, Eesti majanduse väljavaated lähiaastateks

  4. Physics and technology R and D for ITER conceptual design: Part A (physics), Part B (technology)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Doggett, J.

    1991-01-01

    As a part of the ITER Conceptual Design Activities, a list of tasks concerning questions which needed to be addressed was set up. These tasks covered areas of research which was needed as an augmentation to the existing fusion knowledge base. The results of the investigations involving these 23 tasks are reported in this document. Tabs

  5. A novel cadaveric study of the morphometry of the serratus anterior muscle: one part, two parts, three parts, four?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Alexandra Louise; O'Sullivan, Elizabeth; Stokes, Maria; Mottram, Sarah

    2018-01-01

    The serratus anterior is portrayed as a homogeneous muscle in textbooks and during functional activities and rehabilitation exercises. It is unclear whether the serratus anterior is composed of subdivisions with distinctive morphology and functions. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the serratus anterior could be subdivided into different structural parts on the basis of its segmental architectural parameters. Eight formalin-embalmed serratus anterior muscles were dissected and the attachments of each fascicle documented. Orientation and size of each fascicle were measured and the physiological cross-sectional area (PCSA) calculated. Three subdivisions of the serratus anterior were identified. A new finding was the discovery of two distinctive fascicles attached to the superior and inferior aspects of rib 2. The rib 2 inferior fascicle had the largest PCSA (mean 1.6 cm 2 ) and attached, with the rib 3 fascicle, along the medial border of the scapula to form the middle division. The rib 2 superior and rib 1 fascicles attached to the superior angle of the scapula (upper division). Fascicles from ribs 4-8/9 attached to the inferior angle of the scapula (lower division). Mean fascicle angle relative to a vertical midline reference and PCSA for each division were 29° and 1.3 cm 2 (upper), 90° and 2.2 cm 2 (middle) and 59° and 3.0 cm 2 (lower). This novel study demonstrated the presence of morphologically distinct serratus anterior subdivisions. The results of this study will inform the development of optimal techniques for the assessment, treatment and rehabilitation of this architecturally complex muscle in shoulder and neck pain.

  6. Multimodal pediatric pain management (part 2).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedrichsdorf, Stefan J

    2017-05-01

    Dr Stefan Friedrichsdorf speaks to Commissioning Editor Jade Parker: Stefan Friedrichsdorf, MD, is medical director of the Department of Pain Medicine, Palliative Care and Integrative Medicine at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota in Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, USA, home to one of the largest and most comprehensive programs of its kind in the country. The pain and palliative care program is devoted to control acute, chronic/complex and procedural pain for inpatients and outpatients in close collaboration with all pediatric subspecialties at Children's Minnesota. The team also provides holistic, interdisciplinary care for children and teens with life limiting or terminal diseases and their families. Integrative medicine provides and teaches integrative, nonpharmacological therapies (such as massage, acupuncture/acupressure, biofeedback, aromatherapy and self-hypnosis) to provide care that promotes optimal health and supports the highest level of functioning in all individual children's activities. In this second part of the interview they discuss multimodal (opioid-sparing) analgesia for hospitalized children in pain and how analgesics and adjuvant medications, interventions, rehabilitation, psychological and integrative therapies act synergistically for more effective pediatric pain control with fewer side effects than a single analgesic or modality.

  7. Computer hardware for radiologists: Part I

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Indrajit, IK; Alam, A

    2010-01-01

    Computers are an integral part of modern radiology practice. They are used in different radiology modalities to acquire, process, and postprocess imaging data. They have had a dramatic influence on contemporary radiology practice. Their impact has extended further with the emergence of Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM), Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS), Radiology information system (RIS) technology, and Teleradiology. A basic overview of computer hardware relevant to radiology practice is presented here. The key hardware components in a computer are the motherboard, central processor unit (CPU), the chipset, the random access memory (RAM), the memory modules, bus, storage drives, and ports. The personnel computer (PC) has a rectangular case that contains important components called hardware, many of which are integrated circuits (ICs). The fiberglass motherboard is the main printed circuit board and has a variety of important hardware mounted on it, which are connected by electrical pathways called “buses”. The CPU is the largest IC on the motherboard and contains millions of transistors. Its principal function is to execute “programs”. A Pentium ® 4 CPU has transistors that execute a billion instructions per second. The chipset is completely different from the CPU in design and function; it controls data and interaction of buses between the motherboard and the CPU. Memory (RAM) is fundamentally semiconductor chips storing data and instructions for access by a CPU. RAM is classified by storage capacity, access speed, data rate, and configuration

  8. Computer hardware for radiologists: Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indrajit I

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Computers are an integral part of modern radiology practice. They are used in different radiology modalities to acquire, process, and postprocess imaging data. They have had a dramatic influence on contemporary radiology practice. Their impact has extended further with the emergence of Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM, Picture Archiving and Communication System (PACS, Radiology information system (RIS technology, and Teleradiology. A basic overview of computer hardware relevant to radiology practice is presented here. The key hardware components in a computer are the motherboard, central processor unit (CPU, the chipset, the random access memory (RAM, the memory modules, bus, storage drives, and ports. The personnel computer (PC has a rectangular case that contains important components called hardware, many of which are integrated circuits (ICs. The fiberglass motherboard is the main printed circuit board and has a variety of important hardware mounted on it, which are connected by electrical pathways called "buses". The CPU is the largest IC on the motherboard and contains millions of transistors. Its principal function is to execute "programs". A Pentium® 4 CPU has transistors that execute a billion instructions per second. The chipset is completely different from the CPU in design and function; it controls data and interaction of buses between the motherboard and the CPU. Memory (RAM is fundamentally semiconductor chips storing data and instructions for access by a CPU. RAM is classified by storage capacity, access speed, data rate, and configuration.

  9. Teratógenos - Primera parte*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia McElhatton

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Los riesgos y beneficios de la farmacoterapia durante el embarazo siguen siendo difíciles de evaluar. En el presente artículo, que consta de dos partes, se establecen algunos principios generales de teratogenia y de prescripción durante el embarazo, se enumeran los medicamentos con efectos fetotóxicos o teratógenos conocidos y se describen los problemas específicos causados por productos que actúan en el sistema nervioso central. Entre esos problemas cabe citar dismorfismo facial y defectos del tubo neural causados por los anticonvulsivos, posibles defectos cardiacos por el litio y posible síndrome de abstinencia por los antidepresivos.A bibliographic review of professional competence was made and concepts of competence, evaluation and conditions to create evaluative tools were analyzed. The different levels of professional performance were described according to Miller´s model. Reference was made to the newest evaluation test, the objective structured clinical examination, which is one of the most complete methodologies at present, although it is made clear that the evaluation is carried out under a created and simulated situation. It is concluded that the bases for making the evaluative tools that will measure the competence or incompetence of our medical sciences professionals should be structured.

  10. Society. Part II: moderate to severe psoriasis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacek Szepietowski

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting about 1–3% of the general population. Recent years have seen great development in the treatment of this dermatosis, especially regarding moderate to severe psoriasis. More numerous and more widely available systemic therapies raise new challenges for all physicians treating patients with psoriasis. New questions arise about patients’ follow-up and long-term safety of such therapies. To meet the expectations of Polish dermatologists, we have prepared a second part of guidelines on the treatment of psoriasis, particularly concentrated on the therapy of severe forms of this disease. We hope that our suggestions will be valuable for physicians in their daily clinical practice. However, we would like to underline that every guideline is characterized by some vagueness, and the final decision about diagnosis and therapy should always be made individually for every patient based on the patient’s current clinical status and the most up-to-date scientific literature data.

  11. UMCP MIST counter-part test

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    di Marzo, M.; Almenas, K.; Hsu, Y.Y.; Pertmer, G.A.

    1990-01-01

    Two small break loss-of-coolant accident (LOCA) transients are compared to illustrate a scaling methodology for reduced pressure integral facilities. Mapping test 3004 is conducted in the Multiloop Integral System Test (MIST) full pressure, full height facility. The counter-part test MISO3l7 is scaled and performed in the reduced height, reduced pressure UMCP facility. Inventory is used as the chronological scale and pressure, normalized with the initial and system saturation pressures, is used as characteristic parameter to describe the system behavior. The appropriately normalized results conclusively demonstrate that: (a) the same phenomena are observed in the two facilities; (b) the sequence of events is analogous and (c) the trends described by the normalized pressure versus inventory traces are in good quantitative agreement. Each energy transport mode traversed by the two facilities is compared and the phenomena present are described in detail. The differences between the high and reduced pressure tests are outlined. The findings clearly indicate that pressure and height can be scaled for transient where limited boundary conditions are applied and where the break is subcooled. A statement on sensitivity to the initial conditions is also included to define the limitations of the quantitative results

  12. Bisphenol A in Edible Part of Seafood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Repossi, Adele; Farabegoli, Federica; Gazzotti, Teresa; Zironi, Elisa; Pagliuca, Giampiero

    2016-04-19

    Bisphenol A (BPA) is a man-made compound, mainly used as a monomer to produce polycarbonate (PC), epoxy resins, non-polymer additives to other plastics, which have many food related applications, such as food storage containers, tableware and internal coating of cans, as well as non-food applications such as electronic equipment, construction materials and medical devices. BPA exposure can occur when the residual monomer migrates into packaged food and beverages. Moreover, due to the ubiquitous presence of this compound, the general population can be exposed to environmental sources such as water, air and soil. Many studies have investigated the potential health hazards associated with BPA, which can elicit toxic and cancerogenic effects on humans. According to the European Food Safety Authority opinion, diet is considered to be the main source of exposure, especially canned food; moreover, among non-canned food, meat and fish products have the highest levels of BPA contamination. This review focuses on BPA contamination in seafood, analysing worldwide literature (from January 2010 to October 2015) on BPA contamination of edible parts. The authors try to identify differences between canned and non-canned seafood in literature, and gaps in the state of art. The data evaluated underline that all concentrations for both canned and non-canned seafood were below the specific migration limit set by the European Community Directive for BPA in food. Moreover, the canned seafood is more contaminated than the non-canned one.

  13. Bisphenol A in edible part of seafood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adele Repossi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Bisphenol A (BPA is a man-made compound, mainly used as a monomer to produce polycarbonate (PC, epoxy resins, non-polymer additives to other plastics, which have many food related applications, such as food storage containers, tableware and internal coating of cans, as well as non-food applications such as electronic equipment, construction materials and medical devices. BPA exposure can occur when the residual monomer migrates into packaged food and beverages. Moreover, due to the ubiquitous presence of this compound, the general population can be exposed to environmental sources such as water, air and soil. Many studies have investigated the potential health hazards associated with BPA, which can elicit toxic and cancerogenic effects on humans. According to the European Food Safety Authority opinion, diet is considered to be the main source of exposure, especially canned food; moreover, among non-canned food, meat and fish products have the highest levels of BPA contamination. This review focuses on BPA contamination in seafood, analysing worldwide literature (from January 2010 to October 2015 on BPA contamination of edible parts. The authors try to identify differences between canned and non-canned seafood in literature, and gaps in the state of art. The data evaluated underline that all concentrations for both canned and non-canned seafood were below the specific migration limit set by the European Community Directive for BPA in food. Moreover, the canned seafood is more contaminated than the non-canned one.

  14. Integrated concurrent utilization quality review, Part one.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caterinicchio, R P

    1987-01-01

    This article is the first of a two-part series which argues for the concurrent management of the appropriateness, necessity, and quality of patient care. Intensifying scrutiny by the credentialing groups, the PROs and all third-party payors underscores the vital need to implement cost-effective information systems which integrate the departmentalized functions of patient-physician profiling, DRG case-mix analyses, length of stay monitoring, pre-admission/admission and continued stay review, discharge planning, risk management, incident reporting and quality review. In the domain of physician performance regarding admitting and practice patterns, the ability to exercise concurrent utilization-quality review means early detection and prevention of events which would otherwise result in denials of payment and/or compromised patient care. Concurrent utilization-quality review must, by definition, be managerially invasive and focused; hence, it is integral to maintaining the integrity of the services and product lines offered by the provider. In fact, if PPO status is a marketing agenda, then the institutional objectives of cost-effectiveness, productivity, value, and competitiveness can only be achieved through concurrent utilization-quality review.

  15. Pleomorphic Hyalinizing Angiectatic Tumor of Soft Parts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui-Chin Peng

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Pleomorphic hyalinizing angiectatic tumor (PHAT of soft parts is a rare, nonmetastasizing tumor of uncertain lineage which was first reported in 1996. Here, we report a case of PHAT and review the literature. A 49-year-old man presented with a soft and progressively enlarging mass over the right buttock for several years. On suspicion that the mass was a right gluteal lipoma, he underwent surgical excision. The excised lesion measured 14 × 6 × 3.5 cm. It had a variegated appearance with a white-tan to yellowish color on the cut surface. Some punctate hemorrhage and vessel thrombosis were seen. Microscopically, the tumor was a PHAT characterized by clusters of ectatic, fibrin-lined, thin-walled vessels, which were surrounded by a mitotically inert, spindled, pleomorphic, neoplastic stroma that contained a variable inflammatory component. Immunohistochemical study showed that the tumor cells were positive for CD34, and negative for S-100, HMB45 and actin. The patient experienced local recurrence 6 months later. The recurrent tumor was widely excised. No evidence of metastasis was found during the 18 months after the second operation. The recurrent lesion had a microscopic appearance that was similar to the initial lesion.

  16. PAIN AND INFLAMMATION. PART 1. PATHOGENETIC ASPECTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. E. Karateev

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The relief of suffering, which is associated with a rapid and complete elimination of painful sensations, is the most important challenge facing physicians of many specialties. It is obvious that it can be solved only when you understand clearly the processes governing the development and chronization of pain. Inflammation, a universal adaptive mechanism that always accompanies damage to living tissues, plays a key role. Part 1 of this review considers the main stages of development of an inflammatory response, beginning with primary damage accompanied by the release of molecules acting as an alarm and ending with the deployment of a complete picture of the inflammatory response with the involvement of many cell elements and the overexpression of cytokines and proinflammatory mediators. The biological basis of the peripheral and central nociceptive sensitization phenomenon that is rigidly associated with inflammation is presented. Particular emphasis is placed on the possible natural completion of the inflammatory response, on the adaptive mechanisms regulating this process and on the reasons that prevent this and determines inflammation chronization.

  17. CERN takes part in Earth Hour

    CERN Document Server

    Anaïs Vernède

    2011-01-01

    From 8.30 to 9.30 p.m. on Saturday, 26 March 2011, the Globe of Science and Innovation will be plunged into darkness to mark CERN's participation in Earth Hour. A growing number of countries and cities across the planet are involved in this global initiative against climate change, which was launched by the WWF in 2007.   The lights on the Globe were switched off for the 2009 Earth Hour event. Along with individuals, companies and tourist attractions in thousands of towns and cities all over the world participating in the fourth annual Earth Hour event, CERN will turn off the lights of the Globe for 60 minutes at 8.30 p.m. on Saturday 26 March. CERN's participation in the initiative is one of several examples of its commitment to respect the environment and keep its ecological footprint to the minimum. A recent example under the green transport heading was the replacement of part of CERN's petrol vehicle fleet with cars running on natural gas with a view to reducing air pollution. Other examples...

  18. TEXTILE STRUCTURES FOR AERONAUTICS (PART II

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SOLER Miquel

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Three-dimensional (3D textile structures with better delamination resistance and damage impact tolerance to be applied in composites for structural components is one of the main goals of the aeronautical industry. Textile Research Centre in Canet de Mar has been working since 2008 in this field. Our staff has been designing, developing and producing different textile structures using different production methods and machinery to improve three-dimensional textile structures as fiber reinforcement for composites. This paper describes different tests done in our textile labs from unidirectional structures to woven, knitted or braided 3 D textile structures. Advantages and disadvantages of each textile structure are summarized. The second part of this paper deals with our know-how in the manufacturing and assessing of three-dimensional textile structures during this last five years in the field of textile structures for composites but also in the development of structures for other applications. In the field of composites for aeronautic sector we have developed textile structures using the main methods of textile production, that is to say, weaving, warp knitting, weft knitting and braiding. Comparing the advantages and disadvantages it could be said that braided fabrics, with a structure in the three space axes are the most suitable for fittings and frames.

  19. Lipids: Part of the tangled web

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krauss, R.M.

    1992-08-01

    Analysis of LDL subclasses by non-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis has led to the identification of a subclass pattern characterized by predominance of small LDL, designated LDL subclass pattern B. The prevalence of pattern B in the general population is approximately 25%, but varies as a function of age and gender, being relatively uncommon in children and in premenopausal women. The remainder of the population has a predominance of larger LDL (pattern A) or an intermediate pattern. Our findings indicate that LDL subclass pattern B is an integral part of the tangled web'' of interrelated coronary disease risk factors associated with insulin resistance. It may be that the pathologic features of this lipoprotein profile, including the relative atherogenicity of small, dense LDL and IDL, contribute importantly to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in subjects with insulin resistance and hypertension. Furthermore, pattern B serves as a marker for a common genetic trait which may underlie a substantial portion of the familial predisposition to coronary artery disease in the general population. Studies of hormonal, dietary, and pharmacologic influences on expression of this atherogenic phenotype should lead to more effective identification and management of high-risk individuals, and improved approaches to disease prevention in high-risk families.

  20. Lipids: Part of the tangled web

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krauss, R.M.

    1992-08-01

    Analysis of LDL subclasses by non-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis has led to the identification of a subclass pattern characterized by predominance of small LDL, designated LDL subclass pattern B. The prevalence of pattern B in the general population is approximately 25%, but varies as a function of age and gender, being relatively uncommon in children and in premenopausal women. The remainder of the population has a predominance of larger LDL (pattern A) or an intermediate pattern. Our findings indicate that LDL subclass pattern B is an integral part of the ``tangled web`` of interrelated coronary disease risk factors associated with insulin resistance. It may be that the pathologic features of this lipoprotein profile, including the relative atherogenicity of small, dense LDL and IDL, contribute importantly to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease in subjects with insulin resistance and hypertension. Furthermore, pattern B serves as a marker for a common genetic trait which may underlie a substantial portion of the familial predisposition to coronary artery disease in the general population. Studies of hormonal, dietary, and pharmacologic influences on expression of this atherogenic phenotype should lead to more effective identification and management of high-risk individuals, and improved approaches to disease prevention in high-risk families.

  1. Structural aspects of Imbrium sculpture, part G

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, D. H.

    1972-01-01

    Apollo 16 metric photographs taken at low to high sun angles provided the first stereographic coverage of the distinctive landforms collectively referred to as Imbrium sculpture. The sculpture consists of a series of nearly linear ridges and troughs extending radially outward for more than 1000 km from the rim of the Imbrium Basin. The origin of the ridges and troughs, whether by deposition and impact scoring by fluidized clouds of ejecta from the Imbrium Basin or by faulting and volcanism during and subsequent to basin formation, is controversial. Evidence indicative of the mode of origin of Imbrium sculpture is summarized as follows. Evidence of volcano-tectonic mode of origin is favored by: (1) wide variation in relative age of parts of the sculpture; (2) furrows without rims; (3) absence of ballistic shielding; (4) asymmetry of sculpture; (5) absence of randomly oriented clusters; and (6) association with other features of structural origin. An origin by ejecta scoring and deposition is favored by the gradational ejecta with a Fra Mauro-type texture. Features that are ambiguous as to mode or origin are furrows made of coalesced crater chains and prominent rims on furrows.

  2. Limits of detection and decision. Part 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Voigtman, E.

    2008-01-01

    Probability density functions (PDFs) have been derived for a number of commonly used limit of detection definitions, including several variants of the Relative Standard Deviation of the Background-Background Equivalent Concentration (RSDB-BEC) method, for a simple linear chemical measurement system (CMS) having homoscedastic, Gaussian measurement noise and using ordinary least squares (OLS) processing. All of these detection limit definitions serve as both decision and detection limits, thereby implicitly resulting in 50% rates of Type 2 errors. It has been demonstrated that these are closely related to Currie decision limits, if the coverage factor, k, is properly defined, and that all of the PDFs are scaled reciprocals of noncentral t variates. All of the detection limits have well-defined upper and lower limits, thereby resulting in finite moments and confidence limits, and the problem of estimating the noncentrality parameter has been addressed. As in Parts 1-3, extensive Monte Carlo simulations were performed and all the simulation results were found to be in excellent agreement with the derived theoretical expressions. Specific recommendations for harmonization of detection limit methodology have also been made

  3. Procamallanus brasileiros - parte I (Nematoda, Camallanoidea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Magalhães Pinto

    1974-01-01

    Full Text Available Nessa primeira parte do trabalho referente ao estudo dos Procamallanus brasileiros, os autores propoêm que Spirocamallanus Olsen, 1952, seja aceito apenas como um bom subgênero, baseando-se exclusivamente no aspecto de cápsula bucal. Assi, Spirocamallanus identifica os camalanídeos de cápsula bucal com lâminas espiraladas ou outras estruturas semelhantes, enquanto que Procamallanus se aplicaria aos de cápsula bucal lisa. Quanto às demais subdivisões existentes para o gênero, apoiadas em aspecto e quantidade de espículos, são consideradas resultado de um critério bastante arbitrário para conservarem-se válidas, visto serem os espículos caracteres sujeitos a diversas interpretações por parte dos especialistas, devido à fragilidade que os toma tão sujeitos a modificações no grupo dos camalanídeos. Três espécies são aqui tratadas: Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus rarus Travassos, Artigas & Pereira, 1928, Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus pimelodus, e Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus intermedius. As duas últimas são propostas como novas. Procamallanus (S. pimelodus é comparada a Procamallanus (Spirocamallanus olseni Campana-Rouget & Razahihelissoa, 1965, dela se distinguindo, principalmente, por apresentar o rebordo da asa caudal franjado e fortemente musculoso. Procamallanus (S. intermedius aproxima-se unicamente de Procamallanus (S. rarus, por apresentar o espículo maior com bifurcação distal e dela se afasta pelo maior número e menor espessura das lâminas espiraladas na cápsula bucal. Para Procamallanus (S. rarus é apresentada a descrição da fêmea, a redescrição do macho, salientando-se pela primeira vez no gênero, o aspecto singular do espículo maior, aspecto esse também observado ao se lidar com Procamallanus (S. intermedius, depois de se ter tido acesso ao exemplar tipo e único de Procamallanus (S. rarus. Foram examinadas 31 amostras de material que faz parte da Coleção Helmintológica do Instituto

  4. Frontal cephalometrics: practical applications, part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grummons, Duane; Ricketts, Robert M

    2004-01-01

    To (1) demonstrate the needs and benefits of three-dimensional diagnostic and treatment applications; (2) illustrate practical clinical applications of anteroposterior images and frontal analysis; and (3) enhance utilization of the Ricketts and Grummons frontal analyses. Frontal analysis methods and applications are specified and integrated into facial, smile, jaw, and occlusal therapies. Asymmetry conditions must be differentially diagnosed and effectively treated. Frontal and related image analysis and tracing steps are detailed. Asymmetry of facial parts is the rule, rather than the exception. Dental and facial midlines, occlusal plane, chin location, and smile esthetics are primarily emphasized. Beautiful facial proportions and smile harmony can be developed despite initial facial dysmorphosis and disproportions. Patients view themselves from the frontal perspective, so this carries priority when assessing problems. It is important to know the etiology of asymmetry to assist others with genetic counseling. Facial harmony and smile beauty are optimal when facial and maxillary dental midlines are aligned. The maxillary dentition width should be sufficiently wide to be in harmony with the individual patient facial morphology. The occlusal plane should be level and the chin centered as much as possible. Best facial development and proportionality exist when the skeletal and dental components are optimized transversely and are symmetric.

  5. Plasma facing parts and repairing method

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fuse, Toshiaki; Tachikawa, Nobuo.

    1994-01-01

    Plasma facing parts of the present invention are constituted by joining an armour comprising a material having a high melting point and a cooling member comprising copper or the like. A metal member having good solderability with the cooling member is disposed on the joined surface of the armor member. In addition, the joined surface of the cooling member is provided with a barrier layer for preventing invasion of a solder. A solder having a low melting point is interposed between the armour and the cooling member. If they are heated entirely, the solder having low melting point is melted, so that the metal member having good solderability disposed on the armor member is soldered with the barrier layer for the cooling member. Upon exchange of the armour, the joint is heated again. Then, the solder having a low melting point is melted and the armour member and the cooling member are separated. If a solder is put on the cooling member and a new armour is placed and then heated, repairing is completed. (I.S.)

  6. Lingual orthodontics (part 2): archwire fabrication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiechmann, D

    1999-01-01

    One essential component of a successful lingual treatment concept is the precise calculation and manufacture of individual lingual arch wires. As in several parts of daily life, the use of modern CAD/CAM technology leads in lingual orthodontic treatment to a rationalisation of working processes with maximized precision. The lingual module developed by the author is a new scanner-independent procedure for calculation and manufacture of individual lingual arch wires with the Orthomate/Orthotherm system (OrthoTel, Berlin/Dallas, Tx). Especially the precise individualization of superelastic, shape-memory materials reduces the archwire sequence and simplifies lingual treatment considerably. Individual second and third order overcorrections (incisal torque, reverse curve of Spee) can be programmed into the first archwire, with further three-dimensional corrections being added for each single tooth during finishing. Embedded in a systematic treatment concept, the use of modern CAD/CAM technology for individual lingual archwire production with the Orthomate/Orthotherm system is an important aid to successful integration of lingual orthodontic treatment into routine practice.

  7. Our October 2013 public meetings (first part)

    CERN Document Server

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    Several hundred of you took part in our public meetings held from the 1st to the 8th of October 2013 and for that we thank you. The main presentation was preceded by a tribute to Philippe Defert, Vice-President of the Staff Association, who passed away in September. Philippe had been an active member of the Staff Association and a delegate to the Staff Council since 1992. At the end of those meetings thanks were given to Marcel Aymon, Member of the Staff Council for 25 years and member of the Executive Committee for almost as many years. Marcel has held, almost uninterruptedly, the position of Secretary within the Executive Committee except for the four years during which he held the position of Vice President. Thank you Marcel for your exemplary dedication! After each meeting around a cup of coffee or tea more personalized discussions between staff members and their delegates took place. Files with the presentations are available at the URL https://indico.cern.ch/conferenceDisplay.py?confId=275010. He...

  8. Take part in a Django Girls training!

    CERN Multimedia

    2016-01-01

    Women are often under-represented in IT. And yet, at any age and whatever their level and background, it is a field that can arouse much interest.    To overcome this under-representation, the R0SEH1PSters community organises Django workshops targeted at women to introduce them to the world of coding and technology by teaching them how to successfully create a blog application and deploy it to the internet. And who knows, a spark of interest in the newly-discovered IT world may develop into a shine! The aim of Django Girls is also to increase the diversity within the industry. The mentors are mainly female volunteers who bring their passion to the workshop and are part of the awesome atmosphere attendees can feel during each event. Workshops have been organised worldwide regularly since 2014. Hosted by IdeaSquare and supported by the CERN IT department and the Diversity team, the Geneva workshop will take place in the evening on Friday evening, 26 February, and al...

  9. [Conceptual Development in Cognitive Science. Part II].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fierro, Marco

    2012-03-01

    Cognitive science has become the most influential paradigm on mental health in the late 20(th) and the early 21(st) centuries. In few years, the concepts, problem approaches and solutions proper to this science have significantly changed. Introduction and discussion of the fundamental concepts of cognitive science divided in four stages: Start, Classic Cognitivism, Connectionism, and Embodying / Enacting. The 2(nd) Part of the paper discusses the above mentioned fourth stage and explores the clinical setting, especially in terms of cognitive psychotherapy. The embodying/enacting stage highlights the role of the body including a set of determined evolutionary movements which provide a way of thinking and exploring the world. The performance of cognitive tasks is considered as a process that uses environmental resources that enhances mental skills and deploys them beyond the domestic sphere of the brain. On the other hand, body and mind are embedded in the world, thus giving rise to cognition when interacting, a process known as enacting. There is a close connection between perception and action, hence the interest in real-time interactions with the world rather than abstract reasoning. Regarding clinics, specifically the cognitive therapy, there is little conceptual discussion maybe due to good results from practice that may led us to consider that theoretical foundations are firm and not problem-raising. Copyright © 2012 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría. Publicado por Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  10. Radiological assistance program: Region I. Part I

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Musolino, S.V.; Kuehner, A.V.; Hull, A.P.

    1985-01-01

    The purpose of the Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) is to make DOE resources available and provide emergency assistance to state and local agencies in order to control radiological hazards, protect the public health and safety, and minimize the loss of property. This plan is an integral part of a nationwide program of radiological assistance established by the US DOE, and is implemented on a regional basis. The Brookhaven Area Office (BHO) Radiological Assistance Program is applicable to DOE Region I, which consists of the New England States, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland and the District of Columbia. The BHO RAP-1 has been developed to: (a) ensure the availability of an effective radiological assistance capability to ensure the protection of persons and property; (b) provide guidelines to RAP-1 Team personnel for the evaluation of radiological incidents and implementation of corrective actions; (c) maintain liaison with other DOE installations, Federal, State and local organizations which may become involved in radiological assistance operations in Region I; and (d) encourage development of a local capability to cope with radiological incidents

  11. Glucocorticoids and fetal programming part 2: Mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moisiadis, Vasilis G; Matthews, Stephen G

    2014-07-01

    The lifelong health of an individual is shaped during critical periods of development. The fetus is particularly susceptible to internal and external stimuli, many of which can alter developmental trajectories and subsequent susceptibility to disease. Glucocorticoids are critical in normal development of the fetus, as they are involved in the growth and maturation of many organ systems. The surge in fetal glucocorticoid levels that occurs in most mammalian species over the last few days of pregnancy is an important developmental switch leading to fundamental changes in gene regulation in many organs, including the brain. These changes are important for the transition to postnatal life. Exposure of the fetus to increased levels of glucocorticoids, resulting from maternal stress or treatment with synthetic glucocorticoids, can lead to long-term 'programming' of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal function and behaviours. Glucocorticoids act at multiple levels within the fetal brain. Growing evidence indicates that they can exert powerful effects on the epigenome, including on DNA methylation, histone acetylation and microRNA, to influence gene expression. Such influences probably represent a critical component of the 'programming' process, and might be partly responsible for the transgenerational effects of antenatal glucocorticoid exposure on neurologic, cardiovascular and metabolic function.

  12. Training manual for precision hand deburring, Part 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gillespie, L.K.

    1981-03-01

    This publication is Part 3 of a 4 part training manual to be used by machinist trainees, production workers, and others removing burrs from precision miniature parts. The manuals are written to be self-teaching and are intended to be used with two hours of training each day along with six additional hours of bench work in deburring. This part describes mounted stones, scrapers, hand stones, abrasive filled rubber and cotton tools, abrasive paper products, felt bobs and lapping compounds, mandrels and arbors, miscellaneous tools, personal techniques for assuring quality, cleaning parts, and deburring gears and plastic parts.

  13. Reusable software parts and the semi-abstract data type

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Sanford G.

    1986-01-01

    The development of reuable software parts has been an area of intense discussion within the software community for many years. An approach is described for developing reusable parts for the applications of missile guidance, navigation and control which meet the following criteria: (1) Reusable; (2) Tailorable; (3) Efficient; (4) Simple to use; and (5) Protected against misuse. Validating the feasibility of developing reusable parts which possess these characteristics is the basis of the Common Ada Missile Packages Program (CAMP). Under CAMP, over 200 reusable software parts were developed, including part for navigation, Kalman filter, signal processing and autopilot. Six different methods are presented for designing reusable software parts.

  14. CRISM's Global Mapping of Mars, Part 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    After a year in Mars orbit, CRISM has taken enough images to allow the team to release the first parts of a global spectral map of Mars to the Planetary Data System (PDS), NASA's digital library of planetary data. CRISM's global mapping is called the 'multispectral survey.' The team uses the word 'survey' because a reason for gathering this data set is to search for new sites for targeted observations, high-resolution views of the surface at 18 meters per pixel in 544 colors. Another reason for the multispectral survey is to provide contextual information. Targeted observations have such a large data volume (about 200 megabytes apiece) that only about 1% of Mars can be imaged at CRISM's highest resolution. The multispectral survey is a lower data volume type of observation that fills in the gaps between targeted observations, allowing scientists to better understand their geologic context. The global map is built from tens of thousands of image strips each about 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) wide and thousands of kilometers long. During the multispectral survey, CRISM returns data from only 72 carefully selected wavelengths that cover absorptions indicative of the mineral groups that CRISM is looking for on Mars. Data volume is further decreased by binning image pixels inside the instrument to a scale of about 200 meters (660 feet) per pixel. The total reduction in data volume per square kilometer is a factor of 700, making the multispectral survey manageable to acquire and transmit to Earth. Once on the ground, the strips of data are mosaicked into maps. The multispectral survey is too large to show the whole planet in a single map, so the map is divided into 1,964 'tiles,' each about 300 kilometers (186 miles) across. There are three versions of each tile, processed to progressively greater levels to strip away the obscuring effects of the dusty atmosphere and to highlight mineral variations in surface materials. This is the first version of tile 750, one of 209

  15. CRISM's Global Mapping of Mars, Part 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    After a year in Mars orbit, CRISM has taken enough images to allow the team to release the first parts of a global spectral map of Mars to the Planetary Data System (PDS), NASA's digital library of planetary data. CRISM's global mapping is called the 'multispectral survey.' The team uses the word 'survey' because a reason for gathering this data set is to search for new sites for targeted observations, high-resolution views of the surface at 18 meters per pixel in 544 colors. Another reason for the multispectral survey is to provide contextual information. Targeted observations have such a large data volume (about 200 megabytes apiece) that only about 1% of Mars can be imaged at CRISM's highest resolution. The multispectral survey is a lower data volume type of observation that fills in the gaps between targeted observations, allowing scientists to better understand their geologic context. The global map is built from tens of thousands of image strips each about 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) wide and thousands of kilometers long. During the multispectral survey, CRISM returns data from only 72 carefully selected wavelengths that cover absorptions indicative of the mineral groups that CRISM is looking for on Mars. Data volume is further decreased by binning image pixels inside the instrument to a scale of about 200 meters (660 feet) per pixel. The total reduction in data volume per square kilometer is a factor of 700, making the multispectral survey manageable to acquire and transmit to Earth. Once on the ground, the strips of data are mosaicked into maps. The multispectral survey is too large to show the whole planet in a single map, so the map is divided into 1,964 'tiles,' each about 300 kilometers (186 miles) across. There are three versions of each tile, processed to progressively greater levels to strip away the obscuring effects of the dusty atmosphere and to highlight mineral variations in surface materials. This is the first version of tile 750, one of 209

  16. CRISM's Global Mapping of Mars, Part 3

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    After a year in Mars orbit, CRISM has taken enough images to allow the team to release the first parts of a global spectral map of Mars to the Planetary Data System (PDS), NASA's digital library of planetary data. CRISM's global mapping is called the 'multispectral survey.' The team uses the word 'survey' because a reason for gathering this data set is to search for new sites for targeted observations, high-resolution views of the surface at 18 meters per pixel in 544 colors. Another reason for the multispectral survey is to provide contextual information. Targeted observations have such a large data volume (about 200 megabytes apiece) that only about 1% of Mars can be imaged at CRISM's highest resolution. The multispectral survey is a lower data volume type of observation that fills in the gaps between targeted observations, allowing scientists to better understand their geologic context. The global map is built from tens of thousands of image strips each about 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) wide and thousands of kilometers long. During the multispectral survey, CRISM returns data from only 72 carefully selected wavelengths that cover absorptions indicative of the mineral groups that CRISM is looking for on Mars. Data volume is further decreased by binning image pixels inside the instrument to a scale of about 200 meters (660 feet) per pixel. The total reduction in data volume per square kilometer is a factor of 700, making the multispectral survey manageable to acquire and transmit to Earth. Once on the ground, the strips of data are mosaicked into maps. The multispectral survey is too large to show the whole planet in a single map, so the map is divided into 1,964 'tiles,' each about 300 kilometers (186 miles) across. There are three versions of each tile, processed to progressively greater levels to strip away the obscuring effects of the dusty atmosphere and to highlight mineral variations in surface materials. This is the third and most processed version of tile

  17. The Failure of Mandated Disclosures, part 3

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omri Ben-Shahar

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective to elaborate the conceptual theoreticallegal provisions and scientific recommendations for the substantiating the inefficiency of mandated disclosure. Methods general dialectic method of cognition as well as the general scientific and specific legal methods of research based on it. Results the article explores the spectacular prevalence and failure of the single most common technique for protecting personal autonomy in modern society mandated disclosure. The article has four parts 1 a comprehensive summary of the recurring use of mandated disclosures in many forms and circumstances in the areas of consumer and borrower protection patient informed consent contract formation and constitutional rights 2 a survey of the empirical literature documenting the failure of the mandated disclosure regime in informing people and in improving their decisions 3 an account of the multitude of reasons mandated disclosures fail focusing on the political dynamics underlying the enactments of these mandates the incentives of disclosers to carry them out and most importantly on the ability of disclosees to use them and 4 an argument that mandated disclosure not only fails to achieve its stated goal but also leads to unintended consequences that often harm the very people it intends to serve. Scientific novelty the article elaborates and introduces into academic sphere the substantiation of the efficiency of mandated disclosure proves the failure of the mandated disclosure regime in informing people and in improving their decisions and reveals the unintended consequences that often harm the very people it intends to serve. Practical significance the provisions ad conclusions of the article can be used in scientific lawmaking and lawenforcement activities and in the educational process of institutions of higher education.

  18. Information as a part of radiation protection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Djurovic, B.; Misovic, M. [Military Medical Academy, Radiation Protection Dept., Belgrade Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia); Spasic-Jokic, V. [VINCA Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Lab. of Physics, Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro (Serbia)

    2006-07-01

    The increasing range of application of ionizing radiation in many different areas requires the needs for further education and training. Unfortunately, some aspects of application of ionizing radiation are not planed and announced for all involved personnel-like in military conflicts, when radiation and radioactivity are used as a new kind of ammunition. In that situation there is no time for formal and planned education. During the NATO strikes on Serbia and Montenegro in 1999. depleted uranium (D.U.) ammunition was used. Before that, it was used in Gulf War in 1991. for the first time. Faced with the health consequences of Gulf War for the soldiers of both sides, which were mainly attributed to D.U., Military Medical Service in the Army of Serbia and Montenegro, prepared educational material for the soldiers who could be employed in the area of the D.U. contamination. Considering the information/knowledge as very important part of radiation protection, booklet was prepared and distributed before the NATO strikes on Serbia and Montenegro. In this paper we present the booklet prepared for the military personnel. In the simplified way the nature of D.U. is explained. Some practical aspects of protection and prevention in D.U. contaminated area-how to avoid and minimize radiological hazard of D.U. in the battlefield, as well as how to avoid long-term hazards of D.U., are presented. It is also explained when to ask for medical care and what kind of examination would be necessary in the case of D.U. contamination. 5AUTHORS.

  19. LEDs: revolution or evolution? Part One

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roush, M.

    2000-11-01

    The historical evolution, the current state of light emitting diodes (LEDs), future implications and the promise of this technology for the lighting industry are explored. Some of the misconceptions relative to that promise are dispelled and some of the less obvious benefits that this technology could deliver in the future are discussed. As far as misconceptions are concerned, it is not true that LEDs will deliver light forever at a fraction of the energy of conventional light sources, or that they come in an infinite variety of colours and cost just pennies. Although LEDs per se may last a long time, the fact is that their true life expectancy is only as long as the wiring and the connection within the system, and they are certainly limited. Energy efficiency is another misconception. The truth is that white LEDs (the best for illumination purposes) are limited to less than 10 lumen per Watt, which is hardly a revolutionary improvement over incandescent light sources. Equally disappointing is the misconception concerning price. In actual fact, LEDs in lighting applications are very new and it would require mass production in the millions before LED lighting packages could become inexpensive. At the same time, LEDs have many advantages that are not commonly known. Compactness, very high level of light utilization, high life expectancy and nearly flat mortality curve are some of these. Operating on direct current lends LED installations to battery and solar applications (as for example solar LED road studs to aid in night driving). The absence of ultraviolet emissions in LEDs is another lesser known, but important feature, especially in applications where material degradation is a major concern (as in stores and museums). In general, all indicators point to a bright future for LEDs as their application progresses from decoration to illumination. This topic will be further explored in Part Two of this article. 4 figs.

  20. Development of aero-engines, part II

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dehn, K.

    1943-01-01

    In the second part of his paper, Mr. Dehn enters into the area of problems in engine construction and design. The main question was, how can more power be coaxed from an engine without increasing its stroke displacement and weight. To begin with, a change in combustion-chamber configuration was made. A hemispheric chamber appeared to be the best design. Into this new design was incorporated a system to swirl the fuel-air mixture for better combustion and more power. Also needed was relocation of the spark plug. Since there was better combustion, valves had to be improved. These were hollowed, filled with sodium and finished with chromium or stellite for more hardness. However, the temperature created by these improvements proved to be a serious problem in engine durability. Heat corrosion destroyed pistons and rings, causing the engine not just to seize-up, but to come apart. This resulted in the loss of aircraft. Finally, a system of cooling the pistons from beneath by an oil spray increased both performance and piston life. Dehn summarizes his paper by comparing two cylinder units from Curtis-Wright radial engines, one old, the other new. He claims that these represented advances in engine technology in all areas he discussed. First, the size had not been increased, but the newer one developed more power. This had been accomplished, he reports, by fuel development reducing pre-detonation. The super-charging, and most important, the re-design of the cooling fins on the cylinder head exterior, provided greater thermal capacity for the engine. In this way, power had been increased more than 100 percent. The author concludes his paper by stating that this type of development is possible only through advances in, and use of, materials technology. That would involve intensive co-operation between the scientists and engineers working in fuels development and aviation engineering.