WorldWideScience

Sample records for group halloween costume

  1. Halloween costumes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍秀梅

    2015-01-01

    万圣节服装(Halloween costumes)是万圣节的一个关键词,人们会穿着精心准备的服装参加万圣节舞会。传统的万圣节服装是恶魔(devils)、吸血鬼(vampires)、骷髅(skeletons)、幽灵(ghosts)、女巫(witches)等。近几年,服装也出现科幻色彩,如外星人(aliens)和超人(superheroes)。同时流行文化也在万圣节服装上有所呈现,如在万圣节穿得像总统、运动员等。

  2. Halloween

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋涵毅

    2009-01-01

    每年10月的第一天和最后一天都是我要大肆庆祝的日子,一个是我们围家的National Day,而另一个则是来自西方的节日——Halloween(The Eve of All Saints’Day)。万圣节是西方人的鬼节,所以那天多少要创造出一点点恐怖的气氛来。首先按照传统,我们要穿上Halloween costumes(万圣节服饰)。我喜欢装扮成batman,我好朋友菜菜喜欢扮ghost,Eric喜欢扮devil,Ann喜欢扮witch,而Tom最恐啼,他喜欢扮skeleton。看,我们都打扮好了,你能认出我们谁是谁吗?

  3. 6 Keys to A Safe, Allergy-Free Halloween

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... choose a costume that doesn't require a mask. If a child insists on one, it should not be tight-fitting or obstruct breathing. Halloween makeup sometimes causes allergic reactions. Use only high- ...

  4. Group of Bundu girls in dancing costume, Jowati, Upper Mendi, Front view

    OpenAIRE

    Alldridge, Thomas Joshua, 1847-1916

    2003-01-01

    152 x 108 mm. A group portrait of five Bundu dancing girls in traditional costume: '...The dancing costume consists of a netting of country cotton worn over the body. Long bushy branches of palm-leaf fibre are suspended from the thickly plaited bangles of the same fibre round the arms and wrists: various sebbehs or gree-gree charms hang from the neck, and short knickerbockers of country cloth tied above the knees with country string complete the toilet. To these knickerbockers are fastene...

  5. Group of Bundu girls in dancing costume, Jowati, Upper Mendi. Back view

    OpenAIRE

    Alldridge, Thomas Joshua, 1847-1916

    2003-01-01

    154 x 110 mm. A group portrait of five Bundu dancing girls in traditional costume: '...The dancing costume consists of a netting of country cotton worn over the body. Long bushy branches of palm-leaf fibre are suspended from the thickly plaited bangles of the same fibre round the arms and wrists: various sebbehs or gree-gree charms hang from the neck, and short knickerbockers of country cloth tied above the knees with country string complete the toilet. To these knickerbockers are fastene...

  6. Halloween High Jinks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Doreen; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Presents a collection of fall and Halloween activities for elementary students, including pumpkin poetry, batty bulletin boards (graphing), vegetable variety art, old time radio mysteries, paper doll Halloween safety, career dress-up day, imaginative Halloween writing, and matching animals with foods they eat. A student page offers a Dracula…

  7. Halloween High Jinks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews, Doreen; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Presents a collection of fall and Halloween activities for elementary students, including pumpkin poetry, batty bulletin boards (graphing), vegetable variety art, old time radio mysteries, paper doll Halloween safety, career dress-up day, imaginative Halloween writing, and matching animals with foods they eat. A student page offers a Dracula…

  8. Bulgarians: Costumes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolar, Walter W.

    This booklet presents background information and descriptions of Bulgarian national costumes. The document is part of an ethnic heritage unit intended for use by elementary and secondary social studies classroom teachers as they develop and implement cultural awareness educational programs on Bulgaria. Costumes from 11 Bulgarian regions are…

  9. Halloween - vallatu karneval / Rando Tooming

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tooming, Rando

    2003-01-01

    Rooma katoliku kiriku poolt 835. aastal välja kuulutatud kõikide pühakute päev (halloween) on läbi ajaloo muutunud tänapäevaseks massikultuuri pidustuseks. Sisaldab ka artikleid "Novembriga algas keltide uus aasta" ja "Eesti maarahva hingedeaeg"

  10. Traditional costume: contemporary elements in street culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Merlo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the memory of the costumes and the way people record and interpret their relations with them. This is on the assumption that we put ourselves at all, and for that reason, too, the popular costumes reveal the political place of each subject on the Festa de São Benedito in Congada de Ilhabela - manifestation of African descent culture chosen to treated in this text. This study aimed to understand the role of costume in the composition of the cultural identity of black ethnic-racial group of Ilhabela, to point out how a seemingly simple costume can reveal so many meanings for the group in question. The Congada de Ilhabela is the devotion of a population to a saint; holy and black people who resisted the many prejudices and deep social and economic transformations. Therefore, the expression of that culture and tradition invented by means of a negotiated identity will be discussed. Regarding the costume, the study will be based on material culture and participant observation conducted with this population between the years 1995 to 2002.

  11. Expressive Costume Portraits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lott, Debra

    2008-01-01

    This article describes how contemporary costumes, expressive techniques, and mixed media can take "the ordinary" out of figure studies. To pique student interest and create a meaningful figurative study, students are instructed to bring in their latest fashion accessories (hats, shawls, neck warmers, denim jackets, etc.), or shop the local thrift…

  12. Tips for Keeping Halloween Safe and Fun

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... News) -- Trick-or-treating, bobbing for apples and costume parties are just a few things kids love ... do not reflect the views of MedlinePlus, the National Library of Medicine, the National Institutes of Health, ...

  13. Alcohol, Drugs a Poor Halloween Mix

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Videos & Tools Español You Are Here: Home → Latest Health News → Article URL of this page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_161762.html Alcohol, Drugs a Poor Halloween Mix When you're under the influence, carving pumpkins and other holiday fun can lead ...

  14. Children, Schools and Hallowe'en

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plater, Mark

    2013-01-01

    This article explores the attitudes and experiences of key stage one and two children concerning the British autumn festival of Hallowe'en, and then compares the results with data on the attitudes and practices of British primary schools and their teachers towards the festival, showing that there is a discordance between the two. After outlining…

  15. On the Integration of National Costume Elements and Modern Costume Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ning Sun

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available With the increasing development of modern national costume design, the integration of national costume elements and modern costume design has been in widely application and has become the focus of modern costume designers. In order to protect and develop the essence of the traditional national culture, it is necessary to further explore and flexibly apply national costume elements, to find the joint point between national culture and modern elements, and to create modern costume which is rich in national characteristics. The paper describes the main content of national costume elements and the meaning of its application to modern costume design, discusses the specific content of the integration of national costume elements and modern costume design, and further reflects the profound traditional culture by using modern design language which makes the works vintage and modern.

  16. Celebra Halloween de manera segura (Halloween: Have Fun and Stay Safe and Healthy)

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2012-10-15

    Las celebraciones de Halloween son muy divertidas para los niños, pero enfermarse o lastimarse por esta causa no debe ser parte de la diversión. En este podcast para niños, los personajes de Kidtastics ofrecen algunos consejos sencillos para mantenerse seguro y saludable en Halloween.  Created: 10/15/2012 by CDC Office of Women’s Health.   Date Released: 10/15/2012.

  17. Halloween: Have Fun and Stay Safe and Healthy!

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2010-10-25

    Halloween is a fun time for kids, but it's no fun if you get sick or hurt. In this podcast for kids, the Kidtastics offer some simple ways to stay safe and healthy on Halloween.  Created: 10/25/2010 by CDC Office of Women’s Health.   Date Released: 10/25/2010.

  18. How Do Costume Listing Companies Perform?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Three Features could be read from the performance of China's costume listing companies in 2007. Brand advantage Different from the display of the textile listing companies in the past several Years,Orand Costume companies have hegun to take up a larger proportion,rather than the Processing export ones,as long as more new companies'listing.

  19. Research on the Distribution and Characteristics of Moso Ethnic Costume during the Ming and Qing Dynasties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Linjun

    2014-01-01

    -Yongning costume zone . Seen from the characteristics of costume change , we can conduct research from three as-pectthe head dress , clothes and ornaments .   Compared with the Tang , Song and Yuan dy-nasties, the Moso costume in the Ming dynasty had the following obvious change the phenomenon of wearing a hat or a “cloth-made head dress” ap-peared in Lijiang , while the Yongning -Yanyuan areas still kept the original hair styles , i.e.plai-ted hair and the “three tower” hair style .Regard-ing clothes, short clothes and short pants appeared for men , and tops and skirts for women .Moreo-ver, hemp replaced the use of leather and fur , and became the main material .This was due to agricul-tural development , external contacts with other ethnic groups , and the influence of Han culture during that period . The Moso who lived in the mountain areas still carried knives . However , there were few records about the Moso who lived in the plains.Seen from geographical characteristics , there appeared Yanyuan -Yongning costume zone and Lijiang costume zone where the style and mate-rial of the clothes were quite different .Within the Lijiang costume zone , although there were some differences between the places close to Lijiang town and the mountainous region to the north , the differ-ences were only a result of the geography and cli-mate.Therefore, the costumes could still be in-cluded in the same category .   The Qing dynasty was the period that saw the most dramatic change for Moso costume .Moreo-ver, the costume differences in the various regions became very striking .The head dress , clothes and ornaments in the different regions experienced a great change , and the regional differences became more obvious.Three major zones of Moso costume had been formally formed , i. e. the Lijiang, Yongning-Yanyuan, and Beidi -Eya zones.The costume of Moso men in Lijiang , except for the jacket made from sheep skin and the felt cap , was basically similar to that of the Han

  20. Three Halloween genes from the Varroa mite, Varroa destructor (Anderson & Trueman) and their expression during reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabrera, A R; Shirk, P D; Evans, J D; Hung, K; Sims, J; Alborn, H; Teal, P E A

    2015-06-01

    The ecdysteroid biosynthetic pathway involves sequential enzymatic hydroxylations by a group of enzymes collectively known as Halloween gene proteins. Complete sequences for three Halloween genes, spook (Vdspo), disembodied (Vddib) and shade (Vdshd), were identified in varroa mites and sequenced. Phylogenetic analyses of predicted amino acid sequences for Halloween orthologues showed that the acarine orthologues were distantly associated with insect and crustacean clades indicating that acarine genes had more ancestral characters. The lack of orthologues or pseudogenes for remaining genes suggests these pathway elements had not evolved in ancestral arthropods. Vdspo transcript levels were highest in gut tissues, while Vddib transcript levels were highest in ovary-lyrate organs. In contrast, Vdshd transcript levels were lower overall but present in both gut and ovary-lyrate organs. All three transcripts were present in eggs removed from gravid female mites. A brood cell invasion assay was developed for acquiring synchronously staged mites. Mites within 4 h of entering a brood cell had transcript levels of all three that were not significantly different from mites on adult bees. These analyses suggest that varroa mites may be capable of modifying 7-dehydro-cholesterol precursor and hydroxylations of other steroid precursors, but whether the mites directly produce ecdysteroid precursors and products remains undetermined.

  1. Transmutations in Masquerade Costumes and Performances: An ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ike Odimegwu

    sometimes, color and concept combinations in the masquerade costumes ... the light of the fact that designers design to meet deadlines and conform to set ... eyes. Confirming the usual sally of the ancestors to the world of the living, Illah says:.

  2. The Art of Peking Opera Costumes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    THE splendidly colourful costumes and accessories of Peking Opera are an important part of the artistic aesthetic of this national treasure. As the quintessence of Chinese culture, Peking opera occupies the top place among 360 other traditional operas. Peking opera, with a history of 200 years, covers all the important events of the nation's long history and has absorbed the essence of other traditional operas. The leaps in the development of Peking opera costumes and

  3. 'Finnova Development Group'. Comb Configurated Costumer-close Network Installations with Underground Service Boxes. From project objectives to main solutions; 'Finnova' Innovativ Montage och Systemloesning foer Fjaerrvaermeanslutning av Villaomraade. Fraan projektmaal till huvudloesningar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gudmundson, Tommy [AaF-Process AB, Stockholm (SE)] (and others)

    2006-07-15

    a prefabricated, standardised, easily replaceable cassette. This cassette contains all necessary functions needed to deliver, measure and check the quality of heating and tap water being delivered. A new philosophy for the supply of tap hot water. Two pipes instead of one are used for the hot tap water supply. The smaller one normally is used for mere circulation. At higher sudden demands, both pipes serve as forward pipes, increasing the capacity. A high degree of standardization. A high degree of standardization, with respect to components as well as to interfaces, is necessary to minimize the gross working time, including periods of waiting during construction. And more time used can be directly transformed into higher costs for more than half of the working steps that sums up into a contract like this. Adding to this, standardisation and systemisation make life much easier for the DH supplier, when it comes to such things as future maintenance and renewal of the network as well as connecting new costumers in the area in question. As a spin-off, and as a result of the methodology of the Finnova Development Group, the report series can be used as a well of knowledge for further innovative solutions. In appendices, the following is presented: Definitions of technical and economical expressions used in the reports Rules of design for fluid pipes A market survey for machinery and other equipment suitable for the installation of DH piping in residential areas with low heat density.

  4. Creating and Developing a Service Network of Stage Costume Business in Isan Community

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ourarom Chantamala

    2009-01-01

    -by-step network. It started from the cooperation in business goal and difficulties solution of a small group of entrepreneurs. Since then, they have shared and solved the problems together and developed their network from a local scale into a country scale in order to add a profit from business operation. Conclusion/Recommendations: According to the research results, the main difficulty of stage costume business in Isan society was the entrepreneurs could not expand their business into larger scales while the requirement of customers was increasing. The researcher would like to suggest that the research concerning the ways to establish and develop a service network of stage costume business is necessary. And the entrepreneurs should establish their business network in order to share all resources together and expand their business into larger scales base on appropriate culture that enhance the sustained occupations and earnings of community.

  5. O Conceito Kantiano de Metafisica dos Costumes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel Thiago Klein

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste texto reconstrói-se o conceito kantiano de metafísica dos costumes com o objetivo de apresentar claramente os seus aspectos essenciais, mas sem entrar em questões relativas a sua legitimidade. Nas primeiras duas partes do trabalho mostra-se como Kant reinterpreta a divisão geral da filosofia e como o conceito de uma metafísica dos costumes passa a ser visto a partir do empreendimento crítico-transcendental. Na terceira parte aponta-se para algumas nuances e ambigüidades do conceito de “Metafísica dos costumes”. Por fim, enumera-se os motivos teóricos e práticos a partir dos quais Kant defende a necessidade de uma Metafísica dos costumes.

  6. Behind the Scenes: Costume Design for Television

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gamze Toylan

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available There are many things you don’t know about 'The League of Gentlemen': Focusing on the award winning costume designer Yves Barre’s work for The League of Gentlemen (BBC, 1999-2002, this article explores the role of the costume designer in television production. Using an anthropological method that combines original interviews with Barre, Steve Pemberton (one of the writer/performers and Jon Plowman (the executive producer as well as second hand material such as DVD extras, the article provides insight into the show’s creative process. The underlying objective is to shed light on the costume design process – an understudied stage of television production.

  7. Sketching in digital clay: Digital sculpture for costume design visualization

    OpenAIRE

    Armstrong, Barry; Unver, Ertu; Taylor, Andrew

    2012-01-01

    Background\\ud ‘Costume Illustration in the Digital Age: Creating a Costume Technical Sheet’\\ud (Bradley, 2009) explores the benefits of using 2D digital character templates and drawing software to improve the visual quality and accurate communication of costume designs. This practice-based research expands upon Bradley’s work through the creation of 3D digital costume templates for use within 3D digital sculpture software.\\ud  \\ud Method: \\ud Problems are identified within existing costume vi...

  8. Costume Development Model for Tourism Promotion in Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarobol A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to study Pha Bong community’s dressing style and to develop a new ethnic costume that shows their identity to promote tourism in the province. Pha Bong Community is a community in Maehongson Province where two ethnic groups, people of Tai Yai (Shan and Sakor Karen, co-exist. The data collection methods include focus group and in-depth interview with target population, small group discussion and review of literature on costume development. The obtained data were then submitted to content analysis. First, it was found that they both have their own identity, resources, network marketing and inherited wisdom from their ancestors. Each group runs their business separately. Secondly, the research resulted in the creation of a new costume for the Pha Bong community created by members of two ethnic groups. This costume combines Karen symbol with Tai Yai (Shan clothing style. The motif and pattern of the fabric identify community members’ lifestyle, belief and value. It is recommended that development should be planned upon available resource and the need of the community. In addition, the community leader should encourage members to take parts in management and to cooperate for a sustainable development.

  9. Experience of a Reconstruction of "Archaeological" Costume

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Altynbekov Krym

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a reconstruction of “archaeological” costume restored by the Ostrov Krym Scientific Restoration Laboratory (Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan by the finds uncovered from Early Iron Age graves. The authors examined organic remains of clothes from barrow no. 11 of Berel burial ground (4th – 3rd centuries BC located on the territory of the Kazakhstan Altai and undertook a partial reconstruction of several items: a fur coat, a headdress and two felt stockings. The accuracy of this reconstruction is confirmed by well-preserved analogues of synchronous Altai barrows on the territory of Russia and Mongolia, belonging to the Pazyryk culture. The article also describes a method by which undisturbed graves can be extracted as one (monolithic block and contains techniques for formation of such blocks in the dig and lab studies of “archaeological” costumes in such blocks, applied by the Ostrov Krym Laboratory.

  10. THE SYMBOLISM OF ORNAMENT IN RUSSIAN FOLK COSTUMES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valkevich S. I.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The article reveals the meaning of several Slavonic signs and symbols on the embroidered ornaments of Russian folk costumes and objects of domestic decor. The role of decoration of embroidered national costumes traces in the transmission of values and meanings of ethnic culture. Perpetuation of national cultural traditions in Russia

  11. 981. COSTUME AND MAKE UP IN CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Precious

    common phrase used in the theatre to reflect the significance of costume on the set during ... It is imbued with the language of design so much so that it could reveal so much .... ("European wear") and "tenue traditionelle." This observation.

  12. SYMBOLIC COMMUNICATION OF TRADITIONAL COSTUME FROM BANAT COUNTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ada-Flavia CRISTINA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The historic province Banat covers a variety of landscapes from Romania, Serbia and Hungary, which shows the cohabitation of a mixed ethnic population, each with its own identity and particularities. In this multicultural context, the messages were transmitted through decorative elements of the traditional costume. This paper analyzes the symbolism of the traditional costume from Banat County, decrypting many messages that communicate important elements about the social identity and culture of Banat’s people. In the actual European context, each historical region tries to preserve its national culture, aspects of their identity, shown inclusively through the iconic elements such as traditional costumes specific to each region, which gives a perspective of the main regional features. The methodology used in this micro study is accomplished upon observation and semiotic analysis. The study concludes that Banat’s traditional costume has in the national and international context, an unique symbolism, which promotes the multicultural identity of the Banat Region.

  13. A Strategic Study in the Development of Our National Costume

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    BO Qi-hong

    2009-01-01

    @@ 1.The present situation about the development of Chinese costume brands The clothing industry in China a relatively late,only a few decades,history,and the current most garment enterprises engaged in a production model.

  14. Costume style from Vrčin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radojičić Dragana

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Suburbs in general are very much affected by the distance from urban centers and its internal changes. Belgrade, for example, has, in the past two centuries, undergone major changes in forms of territorial expansion and population growth. Vrčin so became a suburb of Belgrade and an important crossroad. This paper analyses the changes which transformed Vrčin from rural settlement into suburb, using variables such as industry, migrations and accompanying influences to its daily life, including dress habits of the Vrčin population. A general tendency to transform from rural to urban is present, along with an effort to attain a bio-rhythm of the bigger city. The scope of this paper is limited to only a few sources, which, nevertheless picture this general tendency. The process of abandoning a traditional dress has begun long before 1970’s and has reached its final phase at present. The rural population gradually abandoned the traditional costume, and adopted urban way of dressing, most of the time mixing the two. It is evident that only elderly individuals have kept parts of the traditional dress and jewelry, while so called middle and young generations dress in the latest urban fashion style. This is especially evident in women’s style of dress brought about with a new role they entered during the years after WW II employment outside home and the city’s influences. In conclusion, dress mode in Vrčin was determined by general social, economic and historical events that took place.

  15. Identification and molecular cloning of three Halloween genes in the varroa mite, Varroa destructor (Anderson & Trueman) (Acari: Varroidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biosynthesis of 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) in insects involves the action of five cytochrome P450s collectively known as Halloween genes. The complete transcripts of 3 Halloween genes [spook (Vdspo), disembodied (Vddib) and shade (Vdshd)] from the varroa mite were identified, sequenced and mapped to t...

  16. The Halloween genes code for cytochrome P450 enzymes mediating synthesis of the insect molting hormone

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rewitz, Kim; Rybczynski, Robert; Warren, James T.;

    2006-01-01

    during the fifth instar. Transcript levels of shd in the fat body and midgut closely parallel the enzyme activity measured in vitro. The data indicate that these Halloween genes are transcriptionally regulated to support the high biosynthetic activity that produces the cyclic ecdysteroid pulses...

  17. Molecular evolution of the insect Halloween family of cytochrome P450s

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rewitz, Kim; O'Connor, Michael B.; Gilbert, Lawrence I.

    2007-01-01

    and mosquito CYP307A subfamily genes. Evolutionary links between the insect Halloween genes and vertebrate steroidogenic P450s suggest that they originated from common ancestors, perhaps destined for steroidogenesis, before the deuterostome-arthropod split. Conservation of putative substrate recognition sites...

  18. A Costume for Love to the Small Motherland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin Lidin

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The territorial self-identification is based on the historical and geographical uniqueness of the place. The specific landscape where a city lives and develops is reflected in the aesthetic criteria of the regional culture. As a result, every element of the regional traditional culture is ‘image-balanced’ with the local landscape and can be considered as a bearer of a unique image of the place. This tendency is largely demonstrated in the regional traditional (folk costume. The article shows an image-bearing connection between a folk costume and features of the landscape, climate, vegetation, etc. through the example of several regions in Bulgaria. The authors propose a general plan to highlight a unique image of Irkutsk and to capture it as a city brand-book.

  19. A Brief Discussion on Miao Costume and the Awareness of Miao Self-Identity-Focusing on Guizhou during the Period from the Qing to the Republic of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Shenglan

    2014-01-01

    Historically , the Miao had no uni-fied writing system .The historical records that we read today are mostly recorded from the perspective of“the other”.We know that “historical memory”is a significant factor for the formation of a group's awareness of its self -identity . This means that the writings of “historical memory”, one of the im-portant factors for the formation of the Miao's awareness of their self -identity, were constructed by “the other”. However , was the “historical memory” of the Miao only constructed by “the oth-er”?Did they inherit some other forms of expres-sion constructed from their own perspective? Actu-ally, in addition to ancient songsand oral heritage , Miao costume , with its rich and deeply symbolic designs, is one of these expressions . Miao traditional costume can be regarded as a history book which records their long history of mi-gration.Such kind of costume becomes an impor-tant ethnic cultural marker , and is also a factor in the formation of the awareness of their ethnic self -identity.Moreover, while Miao costume is an im-portant marker enabling outsiders to recognize the Miao, it is also a criterion for the Miao to distin-guish themselves from other branches within the-group in different areas . Following the Qing government's direct control of Guizhou , an area which was mainly inhabited by the Miao, this kind of strong , distinctive, cultural symbol became one of the government's targets for assimilating the Miao.Therefore, the government adopted some mandatory policies aimed at refor-ming Miao costume .Due to this unprecedented po-litical environment , what kind of impacts did this have on Miao costume? And, what kind of roles did these impacts play on the awareness of Miao self-identity?This article gives a brief discussion of the impacts on the Miao's awareness of their self-identity , resulting from the reforms to Miao cos-tume implemented by the central governments of the Qing and the Republic of

  20. Redrawing Frescoes of Dunhuang Grottoes and Their Application in Costume History Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Zhe

    2007-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between costume history research and the redraw/rig of frescoes of Dunhuang Grottoes. Redrawing frescoes could provide evidences for costume history research, and the research can correspondingly help the redrawing. Redrawing frescoes, for the purpose of costume history study, must comply with some specific rules, which are different from those of other studies. The present study also discusses the methods to distinguish the original fresco colors that have faded or changed after more than one thousand years.

  1. HIGHLIGHTS OF THE REPRESENTATION COSTUME IN PICTORIAL ART- BAROQUE STYLE -

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    URDEA Olimpia

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Throughout the social history of human civilization and art history, the human body was and still is a challenging field to explore in various representations, a material for various manners of cultural interventions. The way of artistically representing the body, the clothed body, has followed the path of various artistic movements that marked art history. In the act of interpersonal perception, the costume establishes itself as a particular field of non-verbal communication, one based on image. The present paper refers to the costume, as a particular vector of non-verbal communication in social space, as it was depicted and perceived in the painting of the 17th century and early 18th century, a time marked by the Baroque style. From this point of view, garment received the value of an intermediary in the communication between bodily space and the social one. In Baroque formal portrait, the garment completes by scale and the rendering technique of the texture and chromatic emphasizes the position of the pictorially represented person. Thus, the garment interferes with the gesture and mimics as forms of interpersonal knowledge. The transmitter – the clothed character represented through the eyes of the painter – is exposed to the perceptions of the others, providing a comprehensive matrix of information integrated in the social context. Pictorial representations are included in the matrix of the means by which the body is exposed by the costume in order to communicate with the social environment

  2. 中国传统服饰之清代官员服饰的特点%Qing Dynasty Official Costumes's Characteristics of Chinese Traditional Costumes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    智绪燕

    2009-01-01

    清朝服饰是中国历代服饰中最为庞杂和繁缛的,对于近世纪的中国服饰影响较大.本文主要介绍了清代官员服饰的特点.清代官员服饰按官级大小的不同,所带冠帽的项戴花翎、朝珠、官服上的补子图案、官服的颜色等都有所区别.清代官服既沿袭了传统汉服官服的特点,又具有自己的民族特色.在中国服饰史上具有鲜明的特点.%Qing Dynasty costumes are the most complex and harassment in Chinese ancient costumes,it have greater impact for the near century Chinese costumes.This paper mainly introduces the characteristics of the Qing Dynasty officials costumes,in Qing Dynasty official costumes,according to official-level of different size,DingDai,HuaLing,ChaoZhu,BuZi design and color of official costumes are all differentiated.Qing Dy- nasty official costumes follows characteristics of Traditional Chinese clothing,but also has its own national characteristics,in the history of Chinese clothing has distinctive features.

  3. Halloween Drama Contest: A Didactic Approach to English Language Teaching in a non-Bilingual School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Camelo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an action research project developed in Mayor de San Bartolomé School in 2007, when the authors’ teaching practice took place. The observation of 38 eighth graders, between 13 and 14 years old, highlighted their lack of motivation towards the English class. In the coming semester after the observation, the drama activities carried out in the English class made the students more eager to participate in the class activities and to use this language to communicate with their peers. The Halloween Drama Contest consisted of drama activities along with reading comprehension, writing production, vocabulary exercises and phonetics practice. Students were asked to prepare scripts of six horror movies to be performed on Halloween.

  4. Communication by Design: A Collaborative Project for Student Choreographers and Costume Designers

    Science.gov (United States)

    McLaine, Gretchen; McCabe, Janine

    2013-01-01

    This article describes Communication by Design, a year-long project developed to foster an important dialogue between emerging student costume designers and student choreographers. Two university professors, one teaching costume design and one teaching dance, collaborated to help their students gain an understanding of how these two disciplines…

  5. Reach for Reference. What Did We Wear Yesterday? A New Costume Reference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Safford, Barbara Ripp

    2004-01-01

    This article describes a new five-volume series, "Fashion, Costume, and Culture: Clothing, Headwear, Body Decorations, and Footwear through the Ages" (Sara Pendergast and Tom Pendergast, Editors), that provides a broad overview of costume traditions of diverse cultures from prehistoric times to the present day. These volumes illustrate how…

  6. Halloween y carnaval: dos recetas para cocinar una fiesta en el caldero urbano de Bogotá

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Miñana Blasco

    2009-09-01

    This paper questions why the inhabitants and government of the city of Bogotá (Colombia perceive that they have been lacking a festival for more than 150 years. It argues that for the past 40 years the city has been celebrating a really popular festival: Halloween. Using a survey study of print periodical media, this paper examines how Halloween was imported and popula- rized, becoming institutionalized as an intergenerational and interclass celebration by the end of the 1970s. It analyzes how different sectors of society have tried to appropriate the festival and define its meaning, and how Halloween has maintained its polysemic and open-ended charac- ter. The study furthermore examines fieldwork on Halloween celebrations in Bogotá undertaken since 1997, and interprets the festival as a capitalist consumer ritual and carnival, and shows how the celebration has changed in keeping with the socio-spatial transformations that have taken place in the city over the past 30 years. Finally, it analyzes the city administration’s attempt to appropriate this festival and turn it into a carnival for the city. Keywords: festival, carnival, Halloween, urban anthropology, Bogotá (Colombia.

  7. National costumes of the Ivanjica region - Kušici , Deretin, Maskova and Ravna Gora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanović-Barišić Milina M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available National costumes in the villages: Kusici, Deretin, Maskova and Ravna Gora, belong to the old Vlach style, worn in all areas of the Ivanjica region. The inhabitants of this region are mainly migrants from the so-called Dinara region. In its basic characteristics the costume is similar to that of the Dinara region with additions imposed through time, by the new environment, and later influences from outside. Regardless of the relative isolation and lack of connection in communication between the investigated territories and other regions, change penetrated even this area and was reflected not only in daily life but also in the adoption of new, or abandoned old, pieces of dress for practical or functional reasons. Some dress pieces, particularly from the older costume at end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, are recognizable in the dress of Montenegro, Herzegovina and early Bosnia from where the greater number of the inhabitants originate. The oldest pieces of costume are very similar to those in the place of origin e.g. male and female shirts, female waistcoats, gunj, aljina, red cap, male fez with shawl, zubun, pelengiri, kabanica. After the First World War the so-called Šumadija costume (anterija, fermen became the national costume of this region. The facts indicate that this national costume, in villages of the Ivanjica region, had practically disappeared in the nineties of the 20th century, "Old" dress disappeared under the pressure of industrial, uncontrolled production.

  8. Plasmaspheric dynamics resulting from the hallowe'en 2003 geomagnetic storms

    OpenAIRE

    Kale, Z.C.; Mann, I. R.; C. L. Waters; Vellante, M.; T. L. Zhang; Honary, Farideh

    2009-01-01

    Cross-phase-derived plasma mass density trends during the Hallowe'en 2003 geomagnetic storms are presented for 38° magnetic latitude 63° (1.61 ≤ L ≤ 5.10), using data from the SAMNET (Subauroral Magnetometer Network), BGS (British Geological Survey), and SEGMA (South European Geomagnetic Array), ground-based magnetometer arrays in Europe. At all latitudes monitored, a rapid increase of total mass density is observed immediately following the initial storm sudden commencement at 0611 UT on 29 ...

  9. A History of the Danubian Costume in the XIXth Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Partenie

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays we attach a great importance to the clothes we wear from the moment we buy or make them, to the moment we decide if they are appropriate with our personal style, the place where we wear them or when we use them. If the XIXth century tries to preserve the tradition with great accuracy the way it was transmitted from generation to generation, in the tumultuous XXth century we attend to the birth of a real industry of fashion. Some reminiscences remain, however, which gives us the opportunity to draw up a study in this regard. The present paper intends to add information regarding the folk costumes in Galati County, especially in the XIXth century. It is a short presentation of some of the most traditional clothes such as: skirt, apron, hood, shirt male and shirt female, decorative designs, footwear; without claiming to have finished the subject we intend to go on with further research.

  10. Robot Pintar Penyambut Costumer pada Pusat Perbelanjaan Kota Manado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhamad Dwisnanto Putro

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Aspects of robotics technology have now been able to explore and reach the entertainment, education, and health.  Making robots with privileges and special expertise is closely related to the needs of the modern world that requires a device with a high capacity are useful to help the work of man. On the other hand, advanced technology is useful to complete the work that could not and did not want to do by men as a greeter job. Greeter costumer jobs is a very tedious job. So it is necessary in the field of robotics technology that is smart robot greeter customers that replace the role of humans to improve the quality of waiters, efficiency, and economical savings at shopping centers in the city of Manado. The smart robot is designed to greet the customer by giving the greeting on the customer entrance and exit shopping center. The robot system is powered with less use of multiple technologies including ultrasonic distance and PIR sensors to detect humans, servo and DC motor as an actuator of the robot, and use voice module so that the robot can speak. The robot system is also equipped with a remote control using the Android smartphone so the smart robot can perform monitoring, operation, and control over long distances. The test results describe the action of robots have been able to make the detection of costumer and activities greeting the customer with the analysis of determining the value of the parameter distance between ultrasonic sensors use trigonometry comparative analysis.

  11. Costume and Make-Up as Indispensable Arts in Theatre Practice

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Precious

    himself through mime, speech, song, or movement with ... costume of the Ibibios from the Eastern part of Nigeria thus: .... religious influences in the early and middle 19th century, with .... and Circus of Freedom Square (1985) at the University of.

  12. 3-D GCM modelling of thermospheric nitric oxide during the 2003 Halloween storm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dobbin, A.L.; Griffin, E.M.; Aylward, A.D.; Millward, G.H. [University College London (United Kingdom). Atmospheric Physics Lab.

    2006-07-01

    Numerical modelling of thermospheric temperature changes associated with periods of high geomagnetic activity are often inaccurate due to unrealistic representation of nitric oxide (NO) densities and associated 5.3-{mu}m radiative cooling. In previous modelling studies, simplistic parameterisations of NO density and variability have often been implemented in order to constrain thermospheric temperature predictions and post storm recovery timescales during and following periods of high auroral activity. In this paper we use the University College London (UCL) 3-D Coupled Thermosphere and Middle Atmosphere (CMAT) General Circulation Model to simulate the 11-day period from 23 October to 3 November 2003, during which the Earth experienced some of the largest geomagnetic activity ever recorded; the so called ''Halloween storm''. This model has recently been updated to include a detailed self consistent calculation of NO production and transport. Temperatures predicted by the model compare well with those observed by the UCL Fabry Perot Interferometer at Kiruna, northern Sweden, when changes in solar and auroral activity are taken into account in the calculation of NO densities. The spatial distribution of predicted temperatures at approximately 250-km altitude is also discussed. Simulated NO densities at approximately 110 km are presented. Large quantities of NO are found to be present at to the equator, one to two days after the most intense period of geomagnetic activity. This is the first 3-D GCM simulation of NO production and transport over the 2003 Halloween storm period. (orig.)

  13. The Suns Halloween Scare and the Media Frenzy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brekke, P.

    2004-05-01

    SOHO appeared to be in everyone's focus this fall as the Sun turned from an almost spotless orb into an ominously scarred source of mighty fireworks in just a few days. Over two weeks, it featured three unusually large sunspot groups (including the largest one of this solar cycle), 11 X-class flares (including the strongest ever recorded), numerous halo CMEs (two with near-record speeds) and two significant proton storms which lasted for a combined five days. Satellites, power grids, radio communication and navigation systems were significantly affected in this period. The events caused unprecedented attention from the media and the public. Images from SOHO as well as quotes from SOHO scientists appeared in nearly every major news outlet (CNN, BBC, Associated Press, Reuters, to mention a few). Stories including SOHO images made the front page of newspapers and were featured prominently on including USA Today and The Washington Post. NASA estimated that the story reached "all" US newspapers and 2000 US TV channels. Media coverage in Europe was also impressive. The attention wiped out all existing SOHO web traffic records

  14. [From Leonardo Da Vinci to present days; from the history of antiplague costume].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalmykov, A A; Aminev, R M; Korneev, A G; Polyakov, V S; Artebyakin, S V

    2016-01-01

    As a prototype of the antiplague costume can be considered a special clothing, which physicians in medieval Europe wear for protection in plague nidus. Inventor of the first antiplague costume is considered to be a French doctor Charles de Lorme (1619). Much later, in 1878, a Russian professor Pashutin V V offered to use a costume, which looked like a hermetically sealed "bag" with a special breathing device aimed at protection of medical staff. Later, professor O.I. Dogel's respirator became well-known (1889). At the beginning of 20th century as part of the antiplague costume was used a charcoal filter mask, invented by Zelinsky N.D. Requirements to order the use of modern means of individual protection when working in nidus of especially dangerous infections identified sanitary-epidemiological rules, which reflect issues of laboratory workers working and protective clothing, respiratory protection, and view, especially operation, the procedure of putting on, removing and disinfecting antiplague costumes, pneumocostumes, pneumohelmets, isolation suits, gas-protection boxes, etc.

  15. ASSOCIATION OF COSTUMER VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS TO QUALITY FUNCTION DEPLOYMENT: DIFFERENT IDENTIFIED COSTUMERS AND REQUIREMENTS ON DEVELOPMENT OF CPM DEVICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raffaela Leane Zenni Tanure

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to present the differences between the use of QFD and its association with CVCA tool in the development of a CPM device for elbow and forearm rehabilitation. To achieve this goal, the study was divided into three steps. The development of a conceptual model that integrates the proposed CVCA + QFD tool for application in the health device development was done in the first step. The second step consisted of applying the proposed model, referring to the QFD method using 8 matrixes: quality matrix, product, characteristics of the parts, process, process parameters, human resources, infrastructure and costs matrix. The proposed conceptual model was employed fully in the third step, allowing the comparison between the methods. The results enabled to identify a discrepancy between the critical costumers in the use of mentioned methods. Customers were limited to the direct and indirect users in the QFD application: the patient, physician and physical therapist. This list got a considerable increase when CVCA was applied: the clinical engineering, product engineering, process and reliability engineering, project and product managers, financial sector, quality system and regulatory issues. These results show the importance of analyzing the supply chain systemically in order to consider all stakeholders to the CPM device development. Thus, needs and relationships delineation of all process customers can be done.

  16. Study on the Folk Costume Symbolization in Waterside Villages of Southern Yangtze in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CUI Rong-rong; TAO Hui; SHEN Lin-lin

    2007-01-01

    The folk costume in waterside villages of Southern Yangtze in China was notonly daily consumer goods, but also a symbol system of foR-custom culture. This symbol system was directly conveyed by a series medley shape signs, many-faceted color signs and decorated craft signs of pleated skirt. Its origination, accumulation, continual process and development were greatly associated with the life style and paddy culture of waterside villages, such as the folk religion, social life, artistic philosophy, regional culture, the landform of waterside villages and the humanity environment. So the folk costume was the significant sign of practical function and also the significative sign of folk traditional culture, both of which composed the costume cultural symbol system of waterside villages of Southern Yangtze called " integration of aesthetic and practical function".

  17. The State, the Museum and the Ethnographer in Constructing National Heritage: Defining Estonian National Costumes in the 1930s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleen Nõmmela

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In this article I attempt to analyse the way in which the Estonian national costume, as heritage, was defined through the cooperation of the state, the museum and ethnographers in the 1930s. The nationalist state wished to strengthen the national identity of Estonia. The Estonian National Museum (ENM as a repository of memory and knowledge availed its resources to support cultural propaganda. The ethnographer Helmi Kurrik, a woman of strong will and keen interest in folk textiles, managed to fulfil her obligation at the expense of her own health. The primary result of her labours was a handbook entitled Eesti rahvarõivad (Estonian Folk Costumes (1938 which has influenced general knowledge of folk costumes in Estonia up to the present day – the ‘right’ national costumes are believed to derive from authentic ethnographical folk costumes held in the Estonian National Museum.

  18. An Analysis of Family as a Factor Affecting Purchase Decision Process I n Terms Of Costumers of Travel Agencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramazan Pars Şahbaz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, it was aimed to determine the differences between family factor and kinds of products/services which consumers buy from travel agents, reasons for choosing travel agencies and sources of information that influence the choice of a travel agencies.For this purpose, questionnaire was applied to 1009 costumers of 50 Group A travel agents in Konya province. The data obtained from this study were analysed using statistical software package and frequency distributions were calculated and Chi-Squared= χ2 test was applied to measure the relationship between variables. According to the results of this study, differences have been detected between the family factor and kinds of products/services which consumers buy from travel agents, reasons for choosing travel agencies and sources of information that influence the choice of a travel agencies.

  19. Pisanello’s hat. The costume and weapons depicted in Pisanello’s medal for John VIII Palaeologus. A discussion of the saber and related weapons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander, David

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A group of six drawings by the Veronese artist Antonio Pisano depicted the Bizantine Emperor John VIII Paleologus wearing costumes and weapons according to islamic types. This paper studies these objects in relation to other contemporary islamic weapons.

    Un grupo de seis dibujos del artista veronés Antonio Pisano representa al emperador bizantino Juan VIII Paleólogo vestido y armado según modelos islámicos. Este trabajo estudia dichos objetos en relación a otras armas islámicas contemporáneas.

  20. Accesso a internet, libertà religiosa informatica e buon costume

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luca Pedullà

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available SOMMARIO: 1. Accesso a internet: nuove libertà e nuovi pericoli – 2. La formazione individuale del sentire religioso, oggi, nel nuovo contesto che potremmo definire di "libertà religiosa informatica" – 3. L'attuale senso della nozione di "buon costume" al vaglio del cyberspace e ipotesi de jure condendo.

  1. Victory Ceremony Hosts/Hostess Costume Design Scheme for Beijing Olympics Sought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the 29th Olympiad (BOCOG) announced on May 22 that it is organizing a bid across the nation for the design scheme of the victory ceremony hosts/hostess costumes for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games from May 23 to June 25, 2007.

  2. Victory Ceremony Hosts/Hostess Costume Design Scheme for Beijing Olympics Sought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the 29th Olympiad(BOCOG)announced on May 22 that it is organizing a bid across the nation for the design scheme of the victory ceremony hosts/hostess costumes for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games from May 23 to June 25,2007.

  3. Rembrandt’s An Old Man in Military Costume: the underlying image re-examined

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trentelman, K.; Janssens, K.; Van der Snickt, G.; Szafran, Y.; Woollett, A.T.; Dik, J.

    2015-01-01

    The painting An Old Man in Military Costume in the J. Paul Getty Museum, by Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn, was studied using two complementary, element-specific imaging techniques—neutron activation autoradiography (NAAR) and macro-X-ray fluorescence (MA-XRF) mapping—to reveal the second, hidden paint

  4. Wedding, traditional women’s costume and identity discourses of the Serb community of southeast Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zlatanović Sanja

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is based on multi-sited fieldwork carried out in southeast Kosovo (Gnjilane with its surrounding villages and Vitina enclave and among persons displaced from this area to Smederevo, Vranje, and Vranjska Banja (all towns in Serbia. It is an excerpt from a much more extensive study of relations among ethnicity and other forms of collective identifications (religious, regional, local, gender in a profoundly changed situation following the introduction of an international protectorate in Kosovo in 1999. The focus is on the subjective dimension of life under the protectorate and local knowledge. The paper examines identity discourses which accompany a wedding, a paradigmatic event in the culture of the Serb population of southeast Kosovo, and the use of traditional women’s costume. The wedding celebration in the morning hours is opened by the mother-inlaw (the bridegroom’s mother, by dancing the svekrvino kolo (mother-in-law’s dance with her kin. This wedding segment symbolizes the community’s collective identity in the fullest sense. Women put on their traditional costume, of whose appearance and preservation to the present day the community is very proud. Discourse on the preserved traditional women’s costume (today reduced to ritual function among members of the community expresses the intertwining of different forms of identification. The traditional women’s costume is one of the bearing constructs on which the community bases its identity as the old inhabitants of the area, as distinct from the colonists. Other identities such as ethnic, regional, local, gender and family are also interlaced into the discourse on women’s costume. Why is the women’s costume placed on a pedestal as a condensed symbol of the community? Why does the community read complex identity discourses into the women’s costume and the dance of the women at the wedding? One of the spheres in which this paper seeks answers are gender relations

  5. The Function and Evolution of the Halloween Genes; the Pathway to the Arthropod Molting Hormone. In Ecdysone, Structures and Functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gilbert, Lawrence; Rewitz, Kim

    2009-01-01

    as mediating the final steps in the biosynthesis of the arthropod molting hormone, 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E). A fifth has now been studied in detail and shown to be required for ecdysteroidogenesis but its exact function has yet to be elucidated. Since both insects and crustaceans utilize 20E as their principal......, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera and other Diptera allowed the development of a phylogenetic scheme for this gene family and suggests that the Halloween genes and vertebrate steroidogenic P450s originated from common ancestors that were perhaps destined for steroidogenesis, and arose before the deuterostome-arthropod...

  6. 少数民族服饰标准研究%Research on the Standard of Minority Costumes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱晓燕; 李宝珠; 李宁; 黄艳梅

    2015-01-01

    通过标准的研制和实施,对民族服饰的核心文化元素和传统制作工艺进行固化和有效传播.以文字和款式图描述服饰特质,用图片再现服饰实物,通过水粉工笔画还原服饰效果,用裁剪图归纳服饰制作方法,图文并茂刻画服饰制作工艺,以资料性附录记录服饰中蕴含的民间文学.少数民族服饰标准研究迈出了标准化支撑民族文化领域的第一步.%The core cultural elements and the traditional production process of minority costumes have been recorded and passed on through the formulation and implementation of standards. This paper describes the characteristics of costumes with text and structure figure of style pattern, shows the real costumes with pictures, restores costumes' effect through gouache paintings, summarizes the methods of sewing dress through dress cutting diagram, describes the dress production process with text and picture, as well as records the folk literature contained in costumes using file attachments. The research on the standard of minority costumes has taken the first step for the national culture field to be supported by standardization.

  7. ULF wave activity during the 2003 Halloween superstorm: multipoint observations from CHAMP, Cluster and Geotail missions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Balasis

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available We examine data from a topside ionosphere and two magnetospheric missions (CHAMP, Cluster and Geotail for signatures of ultra low frequency (ULF waves during the exceptional 2003 Halloween geospace magnetic storm, when Dst reached ~−380 nT. We use a suite of wavelet-based algorithms, which are a subset of a tool that is being developed for the analysis of multi-instrument multi-satellite and ground-based observations to identify ULF waves and investigate their properties. Starting from the region of topside ionosphere, we first present three clear and strong signatures of Pc3 ULF wave activity (frequency 15–100 mHz in CHAMP tracks. We then expand these three time intervals for purposes of comparison between CHAMP, Cluster and Geotail Pc3 observations but also to be able to search for Pc4–5 wave signatures (frequency 1–10 mHz into Cluster and Geotail measurements in order to have a more complete picture of the ULF wave occurrence during the storm. Due to the fast motion through field lines in a low Earth orbit (LEO we are able to reliably detect Pc3 (but not Pc4–5 waves from CHAMP. This is the first time, to our knowledge, that ULF wave observations from a topside ionosphere mission are compared to ULF wave observations from magnetospheric missions. Our study provides evidence for the occurrence of a number of prominent ULF wave events in the Pc3 and Pc4–5 bands during the storm and offers a platform to study the wave evolution from high altitudes to LEO. The ULF wave analysis methods presented here can be applied to observations from the upcoming Swarm multi-satellite mission of ESA, which is anticipated to enable joint studies with the Cluster mission.

  8. Asturians in America. Photography, Identity and Traditional Costume in Emigration (1880-1900

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fe Santoveña Zapatero

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available In the mid-nineteenth century, a sector of Asturian society related to the intellectual elites that espoused romantic regionalism, established clothing stereotypes of that would become known as regional or Asturian costume. These would later be identified with folklore and popular traditions, conveying a territorial and identity unity inherited from a heroic past. Emigrants to Latin America reformulated the aesthetic expression of these outfits in line with local customs, creating a hybrid costume which combined customs remembered from distant Asturias and the cultural expressions of the host countries. Thus clad, Asturian emigrants posed for the picture, leaving graphic testimony of the new mixed identities that emerged in the aftermath of Spanish colonialism overseas.

  9. 白族服饰的文化意蕴%Cultural Implications of Bai Costumes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雯; 郭爱梅

    2012-01-01

    大理民族文化源远流长,民族风情多姿多彩,自古至今沿袭下来的白族服饰文化更以其独特性和审美鉴赏价值,成为中华民族文化的重要组成部分。研究白族服饰的文化意蕴,无疑是了解白族、认识白族文化的最佳切入点。%The ethnic culture in Dali has a long standing, and the ethnic customs are colorful. The costume culture of Bai nationality which, with its characteristics and aesthetic values, has developed from the ancient times now becomes a significant part of Chinese ethnic culture. The study of the cultural implications of Bai costumes is the best breakthrough point to understand the culture of Bai nationality.

  10. Alceu Penna and the elaboration of a Brazilian style: fashion and costumes*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Claudia Bonadio

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study we examined the important work of the graphic artist Alceu Penna (1915-1980 through the analysis of articles, illustrations and texts created by him for the fashion section of the magazine O Cruzeiro between 1939-1947, as well as his probable collaboration in the development of costumes for Carmen Miranda. We note how he demonstrated concern for the "creation" of a Brazilian style in fashion by presenting the latest international fashion news, often in a critical manner, and sketching costumes for the Carnaval, creating, thus, a "Brazilian visuality" based on the ideas proposed by the New State. We consider yet how his experience in looking at Brazil from the United States and his reviews of the images of "Brazil" proposed by Hollywood are relevant in this process.

  11. 长大的九零年代摇滚女郎Costume National

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    2006秋冬巴黎时装周COSTUME NATIONA展示其最新的设计作品,浓重的色彩结合简洁传统的款式塑造出知性女郎的摩登姿态,整个系列并添加搭配少许亮绸面料,提升搭配冬日的醒目度。

  12. TECHNOLOGY OF ART AND DESIGN ANALYSIS ON THE CASE STUDY MALE DAGHESTAN NATIONAL COSTUME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. M. Serova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article considers the stages of artistic analysis of masculine humeral service widespread on the territory of Daghestan in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. For example Circassian presents illustrative material: photos, technical drawing, scan cut. The results of the artistic design of the analysis are shown in table form and in the quality of the chart. The elements identified male costume can be used in design designing modern service. 

  13. Women’s fashions in transition: Ottoman borderlands and the Anglo-Ottoman exchange of costumes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inal, Onur

    2011-01-01

    Following the considerable increase in the interactions between Ottomans and Europeans, Ottoman port cities, referred to here as “borderlands,” became meeting places of distinct worlds. Ottoman and British people met, clashed, and grappled with each other in the borderlands of the Ottoman Empire. There was unbalanced, disparate, and disproportionate, but also mutual and constant interchange between the two societies. This article discusses one facet of this interchange: the Anglo-Ottoman exchange of women’s costumes.

  14. PUBLIC SPACE, STREET VEND ORS AND COSTUMERS IN SAN JOSÉ, COSTA RICA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Armando Durán Segura

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the relationship between the existence of street vendors and the city flow of pedestrians and travellers in constant movement. This interdependence increases and shift places within the city accordingly with the costumers that are also itinerants. It is assumed that, informal commercial activities in public spaces (or listed as public access have been developed in a analog way to the itinerant consum practices of street buyers within the "metropolization" of the city of San José.

  15. 藏族服饰标准化问题浅析%Analysis on Standardization of Tibetan Costume

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周波; 张洪斌; 云振宇; 旺钦; 于旭

    2015-01-01

    Tibetan costume, as an important part of Tibetan culture, is well known due to its distinctive regional features, brilliant national characteristics and unique way of dressing, and fully demonstrates the Tibetan people's optimistic and straightforward, bold national characters, serving as the precious intangible cultural heritage of Chinese minority costumes. Through comprehensive analysis of the formation, development, characteristics and changing trend of Tibetan costume, this paper puts forward the significance and existing problems of the research on the standardization of Tibetan costume, with a view to integrate various forces and extract the core elements of the Tibetan costume, to protect and inherit the Tibetan costume art, and to explore the way of the development of Tibetan costume industry and promotion of the traditional culture.%藏族服饰作为藏族文化的重要组成部分,以其鲜明的地域特点、绚丽的民族特色、与众不同的着装方式为众人所熟知,充分展现了藏族人民乐观、直爽、豪迈的民族性格,是我国少数民族服饰宝贵的物质文化遗产.本文通过对藏族服饰的形成、发展、特点和变化趋势进行综合分析,提出藏族服饰标准化研究的意义和存在的问题,以期整合多方力量,共同提炼藏族服饰核心要素,一起保护与传承藏族服饰艺术,并探索藏族服饰产业化发展之路,弘扬藏族传统文化.

  16. Un révélateur identitaire: le conflit sur les costumes dans le quadrille corse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davia Benedetti

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A conflict on whether scenic costumes should be worn or not among Corsican quadrille dancers reveals a duality in their representations of the Corsican identity: for some of them, it assigned and reduced to a folk expression, for others it adjusts itself to the present-day mutations. Identity is built according to a dual temporality, fitted into two ways to create a bond with the living place. The evolution of the clothing in the 19th century, the emergence of Corsican folk groups during the inter-war period and the soaring of quadrille groups since the 80's show the macro-social pressure inflicted on them and on the identity construction of those committed to it. The creation process of the Corsican quadrille through its learning methods, its locations for practicing and the invention of its figures testifies a dual tension within the dancers’ construction of Corsican identity, beyond their common willingness of differentiating through a territorialized identity hinged on Corsica.

  17. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... like a suction cup." Halloween is a popular time for people to use colored contact lenses to ... wear costume contact lenses for Halloween or any time of year, follow these guidelines: Get an eye ...

  18. Fate of the survivors of the 1995 and 1996 Arizona trucking migrations of costume-reared greater sandhill cranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mummert, D.P.; Ellis, D.H.; Chambers, C.L.

    2001-01-01

    In 1995 and 1996, we trained 2 groups of costume-reared greater sandhill cranes (Grus canadensis tabida) (10 in 1995, 14 in 1996) to follow a truck. Thereafter we led 10 in 1995 and 12 in 1996 from Garland Prairie, northern Arizona, to the Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge, southern Arizona (ca. 620 km). These techniques were being developed to create additional, disjunct populations of the whooping crane (G. americana). The cranes taught the migration route in 1995 did not follow the desired migration route in 1996 but did travel north 140 km along the route in spring 1997. By the summer of 1997, we did not know the locations of any of these birds. Results were better for the 1996 tracking cranes. Between 1997 and 1999 there was a 92% (11 of 12) success rate for the 1996 trucking cranes with known locations flying unassisted from the summering to wintering grounds. Through 1999, 7 of the 12 cranes became lost on flights from the wintering to summering grounds. (Some of the trucking cranes apparently followed wild cranes to or toward breeding grounds.)

  19. Reconstruction of Female Costume From the Elite Burial Ground Taksay-I: a View of the Archaeologist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukpanova Yana A.

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents a reconstruction of the female costume from the central grave of barrow no. 6 of the early Sarmatian burial ground Taksay-I (Western Kazakhstan. The author examines some key elements of the costume: dress, kaftan and headdress, with small sewed-on badges, biconic beads and pendant amulets of wolf fangs and teeth as main decorative elements. It is established that the female costume was decorated by elements of jewelry and personal effects, which altogether made up a logical composition, with each item on its own place and invested with a symbolic meaning. Majority of items were manufactured in animal style. The buried woman’s headdress points to her high social status: presumably, she was a priestess.

  20. Reflections on Differences of Sino-US Culture in the Perspective of Costume

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢辉

    2009-01-01

    What makes clothing important? Clothing and acces sories is an important tool for studying popular culture and social history.The history of human costume can be seen,in a certain degree,as the development history of sensible human culture.These artifacts help tell the story of status difierences and class aspirations through the materials used and the cut of a garment.Clothing reflects cultural historical difierences and social mores that have changed over time.Clothing reflects behavior standards,manners,and the culture itself.Clothes provide examples of America's and Chinese shifting economy and clmnging producuon techmques.

  1. Rembrandt’s An Old Man in Military Costume: the underlying image re-examined

    OpenAIRE

    Trentelman, K.; Janssens, K.; Van der Snickt, G.; Szafran, Y.; Woollett, A.T.; Dik, J.

    2015-01-01

    The painting An Old Man in Military Costume in the J. Paul Getty Museum, by Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn, was studied using two complementary, element-specific imaging techniques—neutron activation autoradiography (NAAR) and macro-X-ray fluorescence (MA-XRF) mapping—to reveal the second, hidden painting. NAAR provided a strong image of the face and cloak of the underlying figure, along with an indication of the chemical composition. The single-element distribution maps produced by MA-XRF mappi...

  2. Teaching about Ethnic Heritage: More than Costumes and Unusual Food.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pang, Valerie Ooka

    1988-01-01

    Multicultural education, at least in elementary school, should represent a balance between our national identity as Americans and our diverse ethnic heritage, fostering respect for the contributions of different ethnic groups. A unit on the Underground Railroad and Black courage is included. (MT)

  3. The influence of culture as a marketing factor on costumer's behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đelošević Ivana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The social factor that has the widest impact on customer's behavior is culture. The aim of this work is that through the elements and dimensions of culture explains habits, customs and tendencies of people in consumption .According to the broad and pervasive nature of culture, its study requires a thorough examination of the character of the entire society, including elements such as language, laws, customs, religion, art, technology, business partners, products and other elements that give the society a distinctive taste. Understanding the similarities and differences among costumers is very important for multinational tenderer. If there is a greater similarity between the costumers they will use similar strategies but if the beliefs and customs are different, then each country uses individual marketing strategy. In international marketing error may occur if the promotional message of a company presents in a language that is not understandable to customers in a given country and which means something completely different and unacceptable by customers. Differences in cultural values can be described in various dimensions - individualism, masculinity, power distance, avoidance of uncertainty and long-term orientation. Market segments in developing countries offer great opportunities but the creation of values in those segments means that the nuances of the culture must be understood.

  4. In threads and tatters : costume, identification and female subjectivity in Mulholland Dr.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chapple, Lynda

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This arrticle explores the instability and trauma implicit in the representation of the female image in David Lynch’s Mulholland Dr. (2001, and more especially the ways in which this links to the clothing worn by the two female protagonists. By examining the role of mourning and nostalgia, the figure of the amnesiac, the complex pairing, doubling and splitting of the characters of the two female leads, and the relationship of these to identification, it will argue that the costuming practices in this film exemplify a crisis of identification within a specifically feminine cinematic image. The costumes represent an approximation of self; they work as devices that desperately attempt to secure some form of identity, doubling and mirroring the self in a vain, ultimately failed, attempt to fix the female subject and resolve her ontological ambiguity. Within a cinematic context, such a failure represents the breakdown of a central and defining paradigm and raises questions concerning the stability of concepts such as subjectivity and identification.

  5. In Threads and Tatters: Costume, Identification and Female Subjectivity in Mulholland Dr.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lynda Chapple

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This arrticle  explores the instability and trauma implicit in the representation of the female image in David Lynch’s Mulholland Dr. (2001, and more especially the ways in which this links to the clothing worn by the two female protagonists.  By examining the role of mourning and nostalgia, the figure of the amnesiac, the complex pairing, doubling and splitting of the characters of the two female leads, and the relationship of these to identification, it will argue that the costuming practices in this film exemplify a crisis of identification within a specifically feminine cinematic image. The costumes represent an approximation of self; they work as devices that desperately attempt to secure some form of identity, doubling and mirroring the self in a vain, ultimately failed, attempt to fix the female subject and resolve her ontological ambiguity. Within a cinematic context, such a failure represents the breakdown of a central and defining paradigm and raises questions concerning the stability of concepts such as subjectivity and identification.

  6. The Correlation between Traditional National Costume Design and National Dancing Costume Design%民族传统服饰和民族舞蹈服饰设计相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张颖; 张韬

    2015-01-01

    Costume is an important part of national culture. Dancing costumes can help performers show their graceful figures and give intuitive images to audience, delivering a clear signal in a silent way. They are not only the symbols of local culture, but also the integral part of dancing culture, and also capable of reflecting the connotations of multiple cultures. The paper mainly discusses the designing of both traditional national costume and national dancing costume and the correlation between the two.%服饰是民族文化中的重要组成部分。舞蹈者穿上舞蹈服饰,展现婀娜的体态,为观众展现直观的形象。在无声中,给人一种明确的信号,是地区文化的象征,也是舞蹈文化中的重要成分,从中也能够体现多种文化的内涵。文章在探讨课题时,主要从民族传统服饰、民族舞蹈服饰设计及两者的相关性进行具体的探讨,对于了解两者之间的关系具有十分重要的意义。

  7. 论我国服装设计的知识产权法律保护%The Intellectual Property Protection of Costume Design in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋贻珍

    2001-01-01

    The design in the key of the contemporary costume trade. Only wity the law's help to protect the costume design, can we protect the rights and interests of the designers and corporations, and regulate the costume market in our country. Thus, China will be one of the best countries in costume trade. This paper discusses the advantages and disadvantages of protecting the costume design with the Chinese Patent Law and Copyright Law. It also makes some suggestions on how to protect the costume design with the present law and how to perfect the lawmaking about costume design.%当代的服装业,设计是核心,只有依法保护服装设计,维护设计人和企业的合法权益,才能规范我国服装市场,使我国服装业跻身世界强国之林。本文时我国专利法和著作权法如何保护服装设计及其利弊作了一定阐述,并对如何充分利用现有法律条件保护服装设计及如何完善现有立法提出了自己的见解。

  8. 基于Kinect体感交互技术的3D服饰文化展示系统%Kinect-based 3D Costume Culture Display System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜延; 马文轩; 陈剑华; 刘正东

    2015-01-01

    To carry forward traditional costume culture, a Kinect-based 3D costume culture display system was designed based on somatosensory interactive technology and Augmented Reality (AR( technology. Different from virtual mirror for commercial use, the system pays more attention to the popularization of Chinese traditional costume culture. The costumes, which are displayed under several themes such as Ancient Costumes, Ethnic Costumes and Costumes for the Olympic Games, would give viewers a completely new experience.%为弘扬传统服饰文化,本文融合体感交互技术与增强现实技术,设计并实现了基于Kinect体感设备的3D服饰文化展示系统。不同于以往商业行为中的虚拟试衣镜,系统更注重中华传统服饰文化的普及,包括国粹箐华历代服饰、少数民族服饰、奥运主题服饰在内的多个主题将给使用者带来全新的用户体验。

  9. 傈僳族服饰的美学原则%The Aesthetics Value of Lisu Nationality Costume

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何奎

    2012-01-01

    傈僳族服饰的美学价值体现在服饰的外在形式美上,通过服饰的形制、材料、色彩、图案、装饰品等形式组成要素,反映傈僳族服饰制作的美学原则。傈僳族服饰审美总体上透露出繁与简、轻快与厚重、绚烂与平淡、动感与平静的审美特征,反映出对比协调、和谐统一、均衡对称、节奏与韵律的美学原则。%Lisu costume as a kind of culture form has been made in long term social practice and work. Exquisite craftsmanship and unique aesthetic vision condensed the ancient national history ,culture and the aesthetic ideal. The aesthetic value of Lisu costumes reflected in the costumes of the external beauty of form, through the clothing shape, material, color, pattern, decorations and other elements, reflecting the aesthetic principle in apparel production. Lisu costume aesthetic generally revealed complex and simplified, light and heavy, gorgeous and insipid, dynamic and quiet aesthetic characteristics, reflecting the balance, harmony and unity, symmetry, rhythm aesthetic principle.

  10. On Cosplay Costume Design Methods%浅析 co splay 服装造型设计的方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕颖

    2013-01-01

      Cosplay 是动漫文化的附属文化,这种流行文化样式逐渐为全球范围内的众多年青人所喜爱。 Cosplay 服装的造型设计与动漫游戏服装、现实服装既有区别又有联系。分析了 Cosplay 服装造型设计的内涵,对 Cosplay 服装造型设计的方法进行了探讨,通过实践探索,总结出解构法、强调法、整体概括法、变更法四种造型设计方法,研究成果有助于开拓设计者的思路,有效解决设计中的实际问题,为 Cosplay 服装设计和制作提供理论和实践指导。%  Cosplay is the afflicted culture of animation culture with a fashionable style favored by the young .Cosplay costume design shares the similarity and difference with the animation game costume and casual costume .The paper studies the content and methods of cosplay costume design ,summing up four designing methods of deconstruction ,emphasis ,summarization and renovation .The results of the study help broaden the designers’ thinking ,solve the practical problems in design and provide theoretical and practical references for cosplay costume design .

  11. ETHNIC CUSTOM-SPECIFIC COSTUME OF KARCHAGI LEZGHIN INHABITANTS OF THE SOUTHERN DAGESTAN IN THE XIX TO EARLY XX CENTURIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyfulaevich Savzihan KARAKHANOV

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considered one of the components to the material culture, namely the ethnic custom-specific costume of the Karchaga Lezghins, one could find there the brilliant image of the cultural uniqueness, of customs and household setups of everyday life. The study explored the grounds for both similarities and differences in comparing the Karchaga Lezghins with the general body of Lezghins, and with other ethnic communities of Dagestan and the Northern Caucasus. One may observe these traits in both male and female costume, in particular, dress, shoes, headdress, jewelry, children’s wear, etc. The female highlanders of Karchaga paid particular attention to the jewels. The craftsmen manufactured these articles from iron, silver, gold and so on. Besides the locally made fabric for sewing garments, local inhabitants have bought the imported cloth, or silk, woolen cloth shawls or brocade shawls etc., manufactured at the Russian factories. 

  12. Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 86-236-1725, San Francisco Opera Costume Shop, San Francisco, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belanger, P.L.; Okawa, M.T.

    1986-09-01

    An employee representative of the San Francisco Opera Costume Shop requested an investigation of possible exposure to chemical substances by crafts persons and textile artists. No overexposure to chemicals was found during cloth stripping and dying operations, boot deglazing, hat lacquering, fabric painting or casting operations. During boot spray painting, two personal air samples contained methylene chloride at 11.9 and 25 parts per million; both above the NIOSH recommended criteria for methylene-chloride exposure.

  13. Outreach for Families and Girls- Astronomy at Outdoor Concerts and at Super Bowl or Halloween Star Parties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubowich, Donald A.

    2011-05-01

    Bring telescope to where the people are! Music and Astronomy Under the Stars (MAUS) is a NASA-funded as astronomy outreach program at community parks and music festivals (1000 - 25,000 people/event). While there have been many astronomy outreach activities and telescope observations at sidewalks and parks, this program targets a different audience - music lovers who are attending concerts in community parks or festivals. These music lovers who may not have visited science museums, planetariums, or star parties are exposed to telescope observations and astronomy information with no additional travel costs. MAUS includes solar observing, telescope observations including a live imaging system, an astronomical video, astronomy banners/posters, and hands-on activities. MAUS increased awareness, engagement, and interest in astronomy at classical, pop, rock, and ethnic music concerts. Since 2009 over 50,000 people have participated in these outreach activities including a significant number of families and young girls. In addition to concerts in local Long Island parks, there were MUAS events at Tanglewood (summer home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra), Jazz in Central Park, and Astronomy Night on the National Mall (co-sponsored by the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy). In 2011 MUAS will be expanded to include Ravinia (summer home of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra), the Newport Folk Festival, and the Bethel Woods Center for the Arts (site of the 1969 Woodstock festival). According to our survey results, music lovers became more informed about astronomy. Expanding Hofstra University's successful outreach programs, I propose the creation of a National Halloween Stars event targeting children and a National Super Bowl Star Party targeting girls, women, and the 2/3 of Americans who do not watch the Super Bowl. This can be combined with astronomers or amateur astronomers bringing telescopes to Super Bowl parties for football fans to stargaze during

  14. Changes of ancient costume culture of She Nationality%畲族古代服饰文化变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫晶; 范雪荣; 吴微微

    2011-01-01

    以历史文献为依据,以畲族服饰发展和演变的历程为经、不同时期畲族的生活文化背景为纬,梳理了汉唐、宋元、明、清时期的畲族服饰文化变迁轨迹.将古代畲族服饰发展和演变的整个历程大致分为原始时期、多源融合时期、流徙从简时期和涵化成型时期.分析了不同历史时期的畲族服饰在色彩、款式、装饰等方面所体现出的不同特色,以及畲族文化生活背景对服饰发展变化的影响.在此基础上分析畲族服饰变迁的规律,以引申社会对民族服饰与文化的关注与探讨.%Based on historical documents, this paper discusses the change trace of ancient costume culture of She Nationality from Han and Tang dynasties right through to Yuan, Ming, and Qing Dynasties, including the development process of She costume, and the life and culture background of She. Its entire development and evolution process can be divided into four historical periods: the original time, multi-source integration time, simplicity time in the period of moving from one place to another,and harmonious maturity time. The art features of She costumes in different historical periods are addressed in respect of color, style, decoration and so on, along with the effect of She culture and life on the development and changes of She costumes. The change rule of She clothing is investigated in order to attract the attention of people on national costume and culture.

  15. Rembrandt's An Old Man in Military Costume: the underlying image re-examined

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trentelman, Karen; Janssens, Koen; van der Snickt, Geert; Szafran, Yvonne; Woollett, Anne T.; Dik, Joris

    2015-11-01

    The painting An Old Man in Military Costume in the J. Paul Getty Museum, by Rembrandt Harmensz van Rijn, was studied using two complementary, element-specific imaging techniques—neutron activation autoradiography (NAAR) and macro-X-ray fluorescence (MA-XRF) mapping—to reveal the second, hidden painting. NAAR provided a strong image of the face and cloak of the underlying figure, along with an indication of the chemical composition. The single-element distribution maps produced by MA-XRF mapping provided additional details into the shape of the underlying image and the composition of the pigments used. The underlying figure's face is richer in mercury, indicative of the pigment vermilion, than the face of the figure on the surface. Likewise, the cloak of the underlying figure is richer in copper than the surface figure though the identity of the copper-containing pigment cannot be determined from these data. The use of iron earth pigments, specifically Si-rich umbers, is indicated through the complementary information provided by the NAAR and MA-XRF maps. These data are used to create a false color digital reconstruction, yielding the most detailed representation of the underlying painting to date.

  16. A Study on the Current Situation of Xijiang Miao Costume and Its Characteristics%西江苗族服饰现状及其特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柏继

    2012-01-01

    西江苗族先民历史上经历了长期迁徙,其服饰随着生境的变化而改变。之后,千百年其先民在西江独特的自然与文化环境中传承和发展了独具特色的服饰文化。同时,在与不同民族的文化交流过程中吸收了部分周围民族的服饰文化符号,不断扬弃和发展其服饰文化,呈现出突出的兼具传统性与兼容性的服饰特点。%Xijiang Miao ancestors experienced a long-term migration in history so that they changed their costumes with their living environment changes.After that,they preserved and developed their unique costume culture in special natural and cultural environment of Xijiang for thousands years more.At the same time,they absorbed costume cultural symbols of some surrounding nationals in the process of national culture communications,and continuously abandoned and developed their costume culture.It shows the costume of both traditional and compatibility characteristics.

  17. 体育舞蹈服饰“中国化”论析——标题舞服饰融入民族风格元素%An analysis of making sports dance costumes Chinese——Blending elements of national style into title dance costumes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘阳; 樊西宁

    2012-01-01

      Based on such a concept as sports dance costume, focusing on blending elements of national style into ti-tle dance costumes, the authors analyzed issues such as the importance of costumes in sports dance performance, the feasibility of blending national style into costumes for title dance in sports dances, the necessity of blending ele-ments of national style into sports dance costumes etc., and concluded that the nationalization of title dance cos-tumes will be conducive to the development and innovation of sports dances in China, as well as the inheritance and promotion of traditional Chinese national cultures.%  围绕体育舞蹈的服饰这一概念,以标题舞服饰融入民族风格元素为中心,分析了服饰在体育舞蹈表演中的重要性、民族风格融入体育舞蹈标题舞服饰的可行性、体育舞蹈服饰融入民族风格元素的必要性等问题,提出标题舞服饰的民族化,将更有利于体育舞蹈在我国的发展和创新,以及中华民族传统文化的传承与发扬。

  18. The Countermeasures against the Public Security Problems Brought about by the Introduction of Halloween to China%万圣节传入与我国社会治安的应对

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱立伟

    2013-01-01

    在我国一些大城市,未成年人过万圣节的气氛越来越浓,与万圣节相伴的“捣乱文化”也传入进来。鉴于西方很多国家在万圣节期间经常发生骚乱、纵火、抢劫、性侵儿童等严重破坏社会治安的行为,我国公安机关应当未雨绸缪,对万圣节期间可能出现的危害行为予以充分的估计,在万圣节前做好相应的安全宣传和处置预案,并采取管控有性侵儿童前科的人员,管控相关重点场所,动态监控网络虚拟社会等治安应对措施,主动防范可能出现的危害。%In some big cities of China, the atmosphere of celebrating Halloween is becoming increasingly strong among juveniles. At the same time,“the culture of making troubles”accompanying Halloween is also introduced to China. Considering the fact that in western countries, riots, arsons, robberies and sexual assaults of children take place very often and sometimes the public order is broken during Halloween, Chinese public security organs should prepare in advance to take full account of the possible harmful behaviors during Halloween, carry out the work of safety publicity and make plans before Halloween. Furthermore, several countermeasures, such as controlling persons who have a criminal record of assaulting child sexually, maintaining the public order of relevant areas and constantly monitoring the virtual society of cyberspace, should be taken to prevent possible harmfulness.

  19. Application of national costume decoration method in fashion design%民族服装装饰手法在服装设计上的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹; 闫亦农; 王娅萍

    2015-01-01

    Costume decoration methods were principally systematically classified, and modeling decoration method and artistical decoration method were mainly introduced. The characteristics of Chinese national costumes were incorporated to analyze the characteristics and application of decoration method to emphasize the decisive role of decoration method in national costume.%对服装装饰手法进行了系统分类,着重介绍了造型装饰手法和工艺性装饰手法。结合中国各民族服装特点,对装饰手法进行特色分析和应用分析,突显了装饰手法在民族服装中举足轻重的地位。

  20. The structure and color characteristics of northwest national costumes%西北民族服装的结构和色彩特征

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘璠

    2011-01-01

    By using the principle of law of formal beauty, the northwest national costume culture, style structure, color and ethnic features are analyzed. It is pointed out that in the same clothing shape, the characteristics of national costumes were formed by changing the constituent elements of clothing. The cultural connotation of national costume can be permeated into modem fashion design.%以形式美法则原理分析西北民族服装的文化内涵、款式结构特征、色彩特征和民族服装风格的流行.得出在同一形制下通过服装构成要素的变化形成各具民族特色的服装特征,并将其文化内涵广泛汲纳到现代服装设计中去.

  1. Kubrick’s Approach to Burgess: The Significance of Costume in A Clockwork Orange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dijana Metlić

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Based on the 1962 novel by Anthony Burgess, Stanley Kubrick wrote a screenplay, produced and directed film A Clockwork Orange in 1971. Made as decadent and nihilistic (Denby, designed in such a way as to enable viewers to enjoy scenes of rape and beatings (Kael, the film was shown in London theaters until 1974, when Kubrick withdrew it from the circulation due to the copy-cat murders in England and anonymous death threats that director’s family began to receive. This text focuses on Kubrick’s specific approach to the adaptation of Burgess’s novel through his significant use of costumes and artworks as important part of the set design, which helps the viewers to understand complex social circumstances of the late 1960s and early 1970s that caused the crucial cultural and political changes in the world. The Cold War crises, uneven economical development and the Vietnam War (1954-1975 moved young people in their teens and twenties to protest against the (unacceptable way of life they were offered by their patriarchs. Burgess sets the story in England, in near future, after the enlightening changes initiated by the Mods and Rockers in the 1960s, announcing the emergence of the radical punk style in the second half of the 1970s. Opposing to this utopian world and the class society, Burgess’s main character Alex will have to fight against the state in order to retain his freedom of choice. By virtue of an actor Malcolm McDowell, in the Kubric’s version of the story, Alex becomes charismatic, conscious and powerful person, strong enough to confront the society and eventually retain his free will.

  2. A play´s libretto “Sami”. The invention of evil. A Halloween tale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Bernardo González León

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available In an atmosphere of comedy, satire and play, we go through the most significant celestial event in the Western religious view on the myth of creation of the Universe, and the celestial battle between Luzbel who, out of pride, rebelled against God, desiring to be like him, and was expelled from heaven by the Archangel Michael as a punishment, along with the army of rebellious angels who were dragged by him (a group of innocent cherubim, being known from that time as the Fallen Angel: Bearer of Light; this is, the logos (who delivers the wisdom and the fire to men; but also becomes the supreme archetype of the Rebel, the first universal separatist and autonomist, for the sake of freedom and anarchy. And is in this polarisation of the medieval mind that appears what we know as evil: an invention of human culture. Here the classic characters of the Middle Ages are reinterpreted: God, the Death, demons, angels and cherubim, are mixed with classic Celtic spirits, fairies, witches, and Merlin, coinciding with the naturalistic and ecological spirit of the ";;new age” in a fun recreation of this ultimate contradiction.

  3. 中央芭蕾舞团芭蕾舞服装设计实践%The Ballet Costume Design Practice in The National Ballet of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏世兴

    2014-01-01

    The writer briefly introduced the development of ballet costume. With the example of RedDetachmentofWomen, RaisetheRedLantern as example, he described the ballet costume design practice in The National Ballet of China.%简述芭蕾舞服装的发展演化过程,以《红色娘子军》、《大红灯笼高高挂》为例,讲述中央芭蕾舞团的芭蕾舞服装设计实践。

  4. Identification, characterization and developmental expression of Halloween genes encoding P450 enzymes mediating ecdysone biosynthesis in the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rewitz, Kim; Rybczynski, Robert; Warren, James T.;

    2006-01-01

    The insect molting hormone 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E) plays a central role in regulating gene expression during development and metamorphosis. In many Lepidoptera, the pro-hormone 3-dehydroecdysone (3DE), synthesized from cholesterol in the prothoracic gland, is rapidly converted to ecdysone (E......) by a hemolymph reductase, and E is subsequently converted to 20E in various peripheral target tissues. Recently, four Drosophila melanogaster P450 enzymes, encoded by specific Halloween genes, were cloned and functionally characterized as mediating the last hydroxylation steps leading to 20E. We extended......-hydroxylase), expressed predominantly in the prothoracic gland during the fifth (final) larval instar and during pupal-adult development, with fifth instar mRNA levels closely paralleling the hemolymph ecdysteroid titer. The data indicate that transcriptional regulation of phm, dib and sad plays a role...

  5. Spook house sporotrichosis. A point-source outbreak of sporotrichosis associated with hay bale props in a Halloween haunted-house.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dooley, D P; Bostic, P S; Beckius, M L

    1997-09-08

    While isolated cases of sporotrichosis typically occur following contact with contaminated plant materials, outbreaks are distinctly unusual. A temporal increase in the incidence of sporotrichosis in a dermatology practice at a military installation in southwestern Oklahoma prompted an investigation. Patients with sporotrichosis presenting to a single dermatologist in the winter of 1992-1993 were interviewed, epidemiological data were collected, and fungal cultures were obtained from incriminated hay fields. Five patients presented with cutaneous sporotrichosis during a 5-week period beginning in December 1992. Four patients had maintained hay bales in a Halloween haunted house and the fifth patient had visited the house once. As in 3 previous reports, this outbreak was associated with stored hay or hay bales harvested in the US plains states. Contact with hay should be recognized as a risk factor for infection with Sporothrix schenckii. Outbreaks are possible given adequate intensity of exposure and may be difficult to recognize because of the delayed presentation of clinical illness.

  6. A study of the effect of software products’ marketing mix on satisfaction and behavioral intention of costumers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdolmajid Mosleh

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Increasing complexity of the business environment of organizations has created a market where the demand for technological products, and especially softwares, as an efficient solution to respond to the complexities, constantly is increasing. Naturally, with increasing demands for such product, what is in importance is designing the marketing activity in a way that commensurate with the nature of these products and also respond effectively to the needs of the target market. Considering this issue, this study aims to investigate the effect of marketing mix of technological products on satisfaction and behavioral intentions of costumers in public organization of Bushehr. Based on this, a sample consist of 32 public organization of Bushehr were selected and surveyed. Structural analyses of causal relations in model show that, software attributes had positive and significant effect on costumers’ satisfaction. Also, promotion and satisfaction of costumers positively affects their behavioral intentions. Furthermore, relational factors not also affect costumers’ satisfaction, but also moderate the effect of costumers’ satisfaction on their behavioral intention.

  7. The Skeletons' Halloween

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourque, Simone

    2010-01-01

    Mexican printer Jose Guadalupe Posada's (1851-1913) numerous prints of "calaveras" gave vast popularity to skeleton figures through his satirical and politically critical renditions of skeletons engaged in daily activities. They are oftentimes represented in festive and playful posturing. Calaveras have now become the most original trait…

  8. The Skeletons' Halloween

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourque, Simone

    2010-01-01

    Mexican printer Jose Guadalupe Posada's (1851-1913) numerous prints of "calaveras" gave vast popularity to skeleton figures through his satirical and politically critical renditions of skeletons engaged in daily activities. They are oftentimes represented in festive and playful posturing. Calaveras have now become the most original trait of…

  9. Library Halloween & Hamlet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛竹晨

    1997-01-01

    I received a message from Doine yesterday, saying hello to me and sharing withme some interesting things in her recent life. I am thinking of staying on campus during the winter break because some of my

  10. The Costume Design and Production of Opera Nabucco Produced by NCPA%歌剧《纳布科》的服装设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁芳国

    2013-01-01

    The paper introduced the costume design and production of opera Nabucco produced by National Centre for the Performing Arts.%介绍国家大剧院制作的歌剧《纳布科》的服装设计与实现。

  11. 国家大剧院版《玩偶之家》的服装设计%The Costume Design of A Doll's House Produced by NCPA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏春艳; 张翔

    2015-01-01

    The paper introduced the costume design of ADoll'sHouse produced by National Center for the Performing Arts.%介绍国家大剧院版《玩偶之家》服装的设计思路、设计制作流程及服装特色。

  12. Child and adult exposure and health risk evaluation following the use of metal- and metalloid-containing costume cosmetics sold in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Angela L; Nembhard, Melanie; Monnot, Andrew; Bator, Daniel; Madonick, Elizabeth; Gaffney, Shannon H

    2017-03-01

    Costume cosmetics (lipstick, body paints, eyeshadow) were analyzed for metals using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Sb was detected in all samples (range: 0.12-6.3 mg/kg; d.f. 100%), followed by Pb (cosmetics should be evaluated further to prevent unnecessary metal exposure. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. The Description of the Costumes in Sarah Waters'Novels%沃特斯小说中的服饰描写

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艳

    2016-01-01

    Sarah Waters is a famous British contemporary female writer,and there are excellent descriptions of characters'costumes in her novels. Centered on the costumes as gifts,the thesis will analyze the characters' subordinate and constrained living situations,psychology including transferring emotions,weaving illusion and asking for return,as well as the symbolic meaning reflected in the description of the costumes as gifts,in order to explore the discourse function in the costumes.%英国当代著名女作家萨拉·沃特斯每一部小说中对作为礼物的服饰都有精彩描写。围绕沃特斯小说中作为礼物的服饰,分析这些服饰描写在人物从属、压抑的境遇,试图传递情感、编织幻象、索取回报等的人物心理及对过去的象征意义三方面体现出的作用,探讨服饰在小说中重要的言说功能。

  14. Characters' artistic exploration of folk costume in neoteric China%近代民间服饰中“文字”的艺术解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李非非; 崔荣荣

    2013-01-01

    Characters are symbolic systems used to record languages of human beings,and also serve as the mark of the emergency of a civilized society.Characters,as a kind of decorating element on costumes,have their special charm of arts,and are different from the decorative patterns,such as plants,animals,figures,etc.This article takes the neoteric costumes stored in Folk Costumes Museum of Jiangnan University as research objects,and analyzes both characters themselves and their forms and art compositions.Firstly,it makes a brief introduction to the origin and development of characters.Then it and makes classifications and statistics of the characters on modern folk costumes based on definite objects stored in Folk Costumes Museum of Jiangnan University.It sums up both the meaning of characters themselves and the meaning of characters as decorations on folk costumes,along with the art compositions and art meanings of characters on modern folk costumes.%文字是人类用来记录语言的符号系统,是文明社会产生的标志.当“文字”作为一种装饰元素出现在服饰中时,不同于服饰上经常出现的植物、动物、人物等装饰纹样,它具有其自身独特的艺术魅力.以江南大学民间服饰传习馆收藏的近代民间服饰中的“文字”作为研究对象,首先是从“字”到“形”再到“艺术构成”的角度对其进行解析.首先概述了服饰中有关文字的起源与发展;然后参照江南大学民间服饰传习馆收藏的传世实物,对近代以来民间服饰中的“文字”进行分类、统计;归纳出民间服饰中“文字”首先作为“字体”的意义,其次是作为“纹饰”的涵义.最后,总结出“文字”在近代民间服饰中的艺术构成形式和艺术含义等.

  15. 动漫服饰在影视作品中的符号表征*%Symbols Representation of Animation Costume in Film and Television Works

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟萍萍

    2013-01-01

    Animation costume consists of all kinds of symbols in film and television works. It is not only restricted to the development of the times, the public psychology and social custom, but also has a profound effect on social life, fashion, ideas. Costume symbol has unique function and characteristic, it will affect and restrict a series of symbol system, such as vision, connotation and perception of animation film and television costume. Based on the costume symbols study, it contributes to spread the film and television works and expand animation value. Moreover, it will help to find animation derivative value, and enrich the cultural connotation of costume.%  影视作品中的动漫服饰由各式各样的符号组成。它既受时代发展、大众心理、社会风尚等多种要素的制约,又对社会生活、时尚、观念产生深刻影响。服饰符号独特的功能和特性,必然影响和制约着动漫影视服饰的视觉、内涵、感知等一系列符号体系。通过对服饰符号的研究,有助于影视作品的传播和动漫价值的拓展。同时,也有利于挖掘动漫的衍生价值,并丰富了服饰文化内涵。

  16. 自然地理环境对苗族服饰的影响%Influence of natural geographical environment on Miao costumes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘一萍; 王成; 吴大洋

    2012-01-01

    Different geographical environments lead to diverse costumes. Based on the comparative analysis of five types' characters of Miao costumes, combining the topography, climate, biological environment and other natural geographical factors of different regions, this paper comprehensively analyzed the influence process and function of geographical environment in different types of Miao costumes. Research showed that in the generation, development and evolution processes, Miao costumes were directly or indirectly impacted by natural geography in shapes, materials, dress adornments, color and patterns. The value of constant development and evolution of Miao costumes, is not purely a function of covering their bodies to keep warm, and more importantly, they should be given enough attention and protection as a traditional national culture heritage.%地理环境的差异导致服饰的多样性.以湘西、黔东、黔中南、川黔滇、海南苗族服饰特征的对比分析为基础,综合分析不同地区的地形、气候、生物环境等自然地理因素对不同类型苗族服饰的影响过程和机制.研究结果表明,苗族服饰的产生、发展和变化过程,其形制、用料、饰物、色彩和图案都直接或间接的受到了自然地理环境的影响.不断发展变化的特色苗族服饰所拥有的价值已经不仅是单纯的遮体保暖功能,更应作为传统民族文化的遗产而得到足够的重视与保护.

  17. National costume in the folk photography%民俗摄影中的民族服饰拍摄

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂丽

    2014-01-01

    Folk photography to record folk custom theme, record and collect on the folk culture, display the unique perspective of rich and colorful folk life. The folk costume with its bright colors, special shape to attract the majority of photography enthusiasts note. This paper mainly discusses the attention in national costume shooting process, 56 nationalities of China dress differ in thousands of ways, some bright colors, and some to the most beautiful embroidery patterns, some wins in the form of wonderful, we should according to the different characteristics of shooting, and more attention should be paid to dress as a symbol of culture carrier with the clothes people.%民俗摄影以记录民俗事象为题材,对民俗文化进行拍摄记录、搜集整理,以独特的记录手段和视角展示民俗生活的丰富多彩。民俗文化中的服饰民俗以其艳丽的色彩、特殊的形制吸引了广大摄影爱好者的注意。本文主要探讨了在民族服饰拍摄过程中应注意的问题,我国56个民族,服饰千差万别,有的色彩绚丽,有的以刺绣纹样最美,有的胜在形制奇妙,应针对不同的特色进行拍摄,要注重服饰作为文化符号载体同穿着服饰的人之间的关系。

  18. Os princípios de aplicação da metafísica dos costumes de Kant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Klaudat

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2010v9n1p77Que a lei moral em Kant esteja assentada numa base a priori é conhecido e é objeto de intensa discussão. Que a Metafísica dos Costumes seja a articulação metafísica de um sistema de deveres na sua filosofia prática também é bem conhecido e muitas vezes contestado. Mas que os “princípios de aplicação” da Metafísica dos Costumes pertençam a ela mesma, e sejam consequentemente a priori, isso não é tão frequentemente reconhecido. Procuro mostrar neste trabalho o que isso significa e como isso ainda permite a Kant falar da aplicação dessa metafísica, geradora de deveres para seres como nós. A solução me parece estar na compreensão das volições e máximas dos seres humanos em termos que as tornam intrinsecamente passíveis de avaliações por parte da razão pura prática. Essa compreensão faculta a Kant a exposição de deveres (inclusive os de virtude, cuja natureza geral é a de serem exigências racionais morais estritas, para seres sensíveis imperfeitos como nós que vivemos num mundo como o nosso.

  19. A Study on Origami and the Expansion of Costume Design Space%折纸艺术对服装造型设计空间的拓展探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷薇; 袁小红

    2011-01-01

    The adoption of the folk art origami into costume design can stimulate the designer's creative thought and promote the 3-D effect and visual impact of the costume modeling.This paper reveals how origami has influenced costume design through an analysis of the application of origami in the costume design.%将折纸这一极具特色的民间艺术运用在服装设计中,能启发人的设计思维,增强服装造型的三维效果和视觉冲击力。通过剖析其在服装造型设计中的应用,展示了折纸艺术对服装造型设计的影响。

  20. Discussion between Standardization and Intangible Cultural Heritage’s Protection and Inheritance of Ethnic Minorities Costumes:Taking Mongolian Costumes Standardization Research as an Example%论标准化与少数民族服饰非物质文化遗产保护传承--以蒙古族服饰标准化研究为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰英; 蒋柠; 刘默

    2013-01-01

    少数民族服饰是少数民族文化的重要组成部分。标准化研究是少数民族服饰非物质文化遗产保护与传承的有效手段之一。本文通过分析内蒙古地区蒙古族服饰标准化研究项目,探讨少数民族服饰标准化研究的基本内涵与特点,阐述标准化在促进少数民族服饰非物质文化遗产保护与传承中的作用以及目前在文化领域推行标准化所面临的一些现实问题。%Ethnic minorities costumes is an important part of ethnic minorities culture. It is one of the effective means for protection and inheritance of intangible cultural heritage of ethnic minorities costumes that the standardization research is. In this paper, based on the analysis of Mongolian costumes standardization research project in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region , the basic connotation and the characteristics of ethnic minorities costumes standardization was explored. It was also illustrated that impacts of the standardization in the promotion of protection and inheritance of intangible cultural heritage of ethnic minorities costumes and some practical problems which the implementation of standardization faced in cultural ifeld.

  1. Status and decoration features of Yao nationality costumes in north of Guangdong province%粤北瑶族服饰现状及装饰特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶永敏

    2011-01-01

    Yao nationality costumes in north of Guangdong province is one of the important culture heritages of Guangdong province. Taking Pai Yao and Guoshan Yao in north of Guangdong province as examples, this paper gave a brief summary of the status of Yao costumes, analyzed the details of daily dresses and splendid attire and summed up three main forms and two decoration types of Yao minority nationality costumes in north Guangdong province, expecting obtain protection and excavation.%粤北瑶族服饰是广东省非常重要的文化遗产之一,以粤北排瑶和过山瑶为例,简述了瑶族服饰的现状,并从服饰细节和装饰特点入手,分析了平装和盛装服饰的细节特点,归纳出粤北瑶族服饰装饰的3种主要形式和2种装饰内容,以期得到保护和挖掘.

  2. Study on Establishment and Research of a National Costumes Database System%民族服饰数据库系统的建立与研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭敏

    2015-01-01

    从民族服饰文化的现状入手,研究了民族服饰数据库系统的总体设计、系统实现的关键技术、主要功能模块的设计,并挖掘出其长远的应用前景. 此系统的建立,弘扬了民族服饰文化,使得民族服饰文化遗产得到了很好的保存.%Starting from the current situation of national costumes culture ,it researched the overall design of national costumes database system ,the key techniques of system implementation ,the design of the main functional modules in this paper ,and dug the system′s long-term application prospect .The establishment of this system which carries forward the national costume culture ,making the national dress culture herit-age is well preserved .

  3. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Vision and Daily Eye Drops After One Use Facts About Colored Contacts and Halloween Safety Colored Contact Lens Facts Over-the-Counter Costume Contacts May Contain Chemicals ...

  4. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... One Use Facts About Colored Contacts and Halloween Safety Colored Contact Lens Facts Over-the-Counter Costume ... use of colored contact lenses , from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Are the colored lenses ...

  5. Uygur Costume Art and Aesthetics%维吾尔服饰的艺术及其审美

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古再力努尔·吐啦甫; 热孜婉古丽·吾其孔

    2015-01-01

    Costume, a combination of spirit and substance, aesthetic functions and practical functions, is an important symbol of a nation and national culture. By analyzing the geographical environment and traditional culture that form the features of Uyghur dresses, the paper studies the components of Uyghur folk dresses, such as styles, colors, and materials and also summarizes some aesthetic features of the dresses.%服饰是社会文化形态的重要内容之一,是精神与物质、审美与实用有机结合的产物,是民族的一种特殊标志,更是民族精神的象征。以此观念为基础,通过对维吾尔族服饰产生的地理环境以及传统文化的审视,探讨了维吾尔族服饰的款式、色彩、材料等构成要素并归纳了一些相应的美学特征。

  6. Behavior comparisons for whooping cranes raised by costumed caregivers and trained for an ultrallght?led migration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, G.H.; Folk, Martin J.; Nesbitt, Stephen A.

    2008-01-01

    The successful reintroduction program being run by the Whooping Crane Eastern Partnership using whooping cranes (Grus americana) trained to fly behind ultralight aircraft depends on a supply of these trained crane colts each year. The crane colts are hatched from eggs contributed by the various partners and trained to follow costume clad humans and ultralight aircraft at USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, Maryland, USA. After several seasons of raising small numbers of crane colts (7-14), we wanted to increase the number of birds being trained, but were restrained by limits in our facilities. By altering the established husbandry and training program to allow the use of a recently modified facility, we have increased the number of colts raised for this release program. However, we did not know whether the new facility and husbandry regime would significantly alter the behavior of the colts. Therefore, we have begun a two year study to determine if there are differences in the behavior of cranes raised by the two methods, and if any of the differences discovered relate directly to whooping crane survival and migration skills in the release program.

  7. On One Type of Decoration of the Mari Costume in the 16th – 18th Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikitina Tatyana B.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The authors use materials of 12 funerary complexes from Kartukovo, Vyzhum and Vazhnanger burial grounds to study one element of the Mari costume in the 16th – 18th centuries: collars or neckline trimmings (1.5–2.5 cm wide ribbons decorated with fl ounce of golden threads. Thermal and visual methods applied to the samples established that the item was crocheted of silk threads. All studied burials are dated by 16th – 18th centuries and are the earliest complexes containing crocheted items. Artefacts of crocheting were also found in the Mordva burial grounds. The raw silk for the fabric and the fl ounce of golden thread were bought in the trade centers located in the Volga region. The materials published in this article offer new data for the study of the Finno-Ugric household (Mari and Mordovians in the Middle Ages and the New Time, as well as history of appearance and dissemination of crocheting techniques.

  8. Space Layout for Phoenix Costume Ornamentation with East Part Style of She Minority Clothes Bucket in Xiapu%霞浦畲族东路式凤凰装服斗纹饰的空间布局

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    东路式“凤凰装”是霞浦畲族民族文化和历史的重要载体。凤凰装上衣前胸右大襟上集中刺绣着动、植物和人物等纹样,形成较大面积的区域装饰,俗称“服斗”。服斗纹饰在三维立体和二维平面空间内有着独特的空间布局,构筑了视觉审美秩序与规则,有着十分独特的民族特征和艺术特色,是土生土长、原汁原味的民族民间艺术。课题组通过多次的田野调查,就东路式凤凰装服斗及纹饰在三维立体空间和二维平面空间布局上展开探讨,探究其内在的构筑形式及相互关联。%The "Phoenix" Costume of east part style is an important carrier of national culture and the history in She nationality of Xiapu. Right side of front chest on a "Phoenix" coat is embroidered densely with plants, animals and characters pattern, etc. As a result, form larger domain ornament, it is commonly known as "clothes bucket". Clothes bucket ornamentation has such a unique spatial distribution in three-dimensional stereo and two-dimensional plane, that the visual aesthetic order and rules is constructed, It is with a unique national characteristics of Art, also is a kind of folk art with indigenousness and authenticity. Through investigations about countryside for many times, the Research group discuss Phoenix costume of east-road style about the layout of the front part and ornamentations in three-dimensional space and two-dimensional flat surface, and explore the inner structure form and interrelations.

  9. 中国古代戏剧服饰之美与观众%The Beauty of Chinese Ancient Drama Costume and the Spectator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵志飞

    2016-01-01

    Traditionally, Chinese theatrical concept is spectator-centered, just as the creation and performance of Chinese drama.Theatrical costume increasingly inclines towards aestheticism because of the visual needs of spectator, whose tolerance makes it reasonable for drama to express its main idea through its costume.With a long history, the theatrical costume recreated by dramatists and performers has become the art that comes from life but higher than life. At the same time, it has also a series of symbolic, decorative, regular and choreographic characteristics, which can not only attract spectators, but also concentrate their attention on the drama to make it more enjoyable.%中国传统的戏剧观念是以观众为中心的, 这也就造就了我国戏剧的创作、 搬演都会以观众为重的局面. 观众视觉上的要求导致戏剧服饰逐渐趋向唯美, 观众的包容为戏剧服饰 "以形写神" 提供合理性. 而当戏剧服饰经历了历史的洗礼、 剧作家和演员的双重创作, 成为了来源于生活却高于生活的艺术品, 它也就具备了可舞性、 程式性、 符号性、 装饰性等一系列特性, 这些特性产生功能, 不仅吸引观众, 还能使得观众尽快入戏, 更好地感受戏剧之美.

  10. Traditional costume as a migration phenomenon on the part of the Adriatic coast in the 17th and 18th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radojičić Dragana S.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Migrations from Herzegovina and Montenegro to the Herceg Novi region, during the period from the end of the 17th and beginning of the 18th centuries, were the reasons for investigation (thanks to the preserved archive material of female "traditional costumes" involved in these migrations. Clothing retained the influence of Balkan, Slav, Oriental and Mediterranean cultures. The function of clothing (for work and ceremonial occasions was studied, as well as changes within the generation, regardless of whether the individual items were in constant use or only used on one occasion.

  11. 中国传统节日服饰色彩意蕴探究%Implication investigation on Chinese traditional festival costume's color

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    米琪; 梁勇

    2012-01-01

    As an important feature of the holidays and one of the festival important symbols, the festival costume's color reflects the spirit of the nation. In the meantime, Chinese people represent their appreciation to festival, the ideal and belief of praying for a better life by the national costume's color decoration. The impact and contact of Chinese culture and heterogeneous culture bring the colorful and gorgeous color application, at the same time, and Chinese textile technology's development and the national splendid culture make the Chinese national costume have unique romantic charm and wonderful style, and contribute to the appropriate relation between the Chinese traditional festivals and clothing. In modern festivals, in addition to catering cultural and sacrificial activities, the costume should present the spirit of modern Chinese people, which is positive and bravely marching forward, it should represent the symbol of the traditional festivals, Chinese nationality, inheritance, compatibility and fashion.%节日服饰色彩作为节日的重要特征表现和节日的重要标志,反映了中华民族的精神风貌.在此期间,各民族的服饰通过色彩的装饰来表现中国人重视节日、祈求美好生活的理想与信仰.中国文化与异质文化的冲击与接触带来了色彩应用上的丰富多彩和变化万千,同时,中国纺织技术的发挥和中华文化的灿烂成就了中华民族服饰的神韵和风采,也造就了中国传统节日与服饰之间相应成趣的关联.在现代传统节日中,除了饮食文化和祭祀活动外,服装理应成为体现中国人积极向上的时代特征与精神风貌,体现出传统节日的标志性、民族性、传承性、兼容性和时尚性.

  12. Supplementary dataset for child and adult exposure and health risk evaluation following the use of metal- and metalloid-containing costume cosmetics sold in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, Angela L; Nembhard, Melanie; Monnot, Andrew; Bator, Daniel; Madonick, Elizabeth; Gaffney, Shannon H

    2017-08-01

    The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "Child and adult exposure and health risk evaluation following the use of metal- and metalloid-containing costume cosmetics sold in the United States" [1]. This article describes the concentration of metals and metalloids contained in various cosmetic products such as body paint, lipstick and eye shadow, the relative percent deviation of two analyses performed on the products and the physico-chemico properties of the metals and metalloids used in the SkinPerm model presented in the aforementioned article.

  13. Supplementary dataset for child and adult exposure and health risk evaluation following the use of metal- and metalloid-containing costume cosmetics sold in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela L. Perez

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "Child and adult exposure and health risk evaluation following the use of metal- and metalloid-containing costume cosmetics sold in the United States" [1]. This article describes the concentration of metals and metalloids contained in various cosmetic products such as body paint, lipstick and eye shadow, the relative percent deviation of two analyses performed on the products and the physico-chemico properties of the metals and metalloids used in the SkinPerm model presented in the aforementioned article.

  14. On Visual Culture of the Han Ethnic Dress in Movie Costume Design%电影服装设计中汉服的视觉文化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁玉英

    2011-01-01

    所谓视觉文化,是指文化脱离了语言为主导的理性主义形态日益转向以形象影像为中心的感性主义形态的文化现象。服装作为电影语言一部分,同样承载着烘托场景气氛、表达电影主旨的任务。服装的设计,直接关系到一部电影内涵视觉文化是否能有效传达。%As a part of movie language,costume presents scene atmosphere and conveys the movie theme.Namely,costume design is directly related to the effective communication of the movie's visual culture.Therefore,stress should be laid on the background and details,the theme should be properly designed and imaginations should be appropriately used so as to cater to time trend and aesthetic tastes.

  15. On Taboos in Chinese Traditional Costume Customs%论中国传统服饰习俗中的禁忌现象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许星

    2001-01-01

    禁忌现象在中国传统服饰文化中普遍存在,具有约定俗成的禁约力量和消极、神秘的特性,它渗透在人们生活的各个层面。本文通过对中国传统服饰文化中诸多禁忌现象的挖掘、分析、论证,提出了禁忌习俗在不同社会背景之下得以产生的必然性,以及它对人们心理所产生的麻痹作用和影响。%Taboos,widespread phenomena in the culture of Chinese traditional costume,have been accepted through common practice with their negative and mysterious qualities and have been embodied in different aspects of daily life.In this article the writer tries to explore,analyze,and expound the taboos in Chinese traditional costume.Furthermore,it points out their inevitability in different social background and their paralyzed and negative effects on people’s mentality.

  16. 国家大剧院版歌剧《诺尔玛》的服装设计与图腾的制作%The Costume Design and Totem Production ofNorma by NCPA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁芳国; 田湛

    2015-01-01

    介绍国家大剧院版歌剧《诺尔玛》的服装设计与服饰图腾的制作。%The paper introduced the costume design and totem production of Norma produced by National Center for Performing Arts.

  17. 艺术人类学视角下的畲族服饰调查研究%Survey and Research on Costumes of She Nationality from the Perspective of Artistic Anthropology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敬玉

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzes the status of local costumes of the She nationality by visiting villages of the She nationality in Zhejiang and Fujian regions based on field investigation; describes styles of costumes of the She nationality and local unique ribbon weaving process ; rethinks existing problems based on the exploration of status and puts forward that folk costume is the result of enculturation and acculturation and that positive interaction between folk costumes and their manual skills and economic development through solid protection and dynamic inheritance.The investigation and research find that costumes of the She nationality in Zhejiang and Fujian regions have both common cultural gene of Panhu culture and phoenix worship and detail differences caused by regional differences.The research on protection of cultural heritages such as folk custom,costumes and folk art of the She nationality is not only conducive to intergrowth and positive interaction between economic development and costume culture protection and inheritance,but also can provide inspiration source and design elements for design application.%在田野调查的基础上,通过对浙闽地区畲族村寨的走访,分析了当地畲族服饰的现状,描述了畲族服饰的式样和当地独特的彩带编织工艺,在探析现状的基础上对存在的问题进行反思,提出民族服饰是文化濡化和涵化两种力量作用的结果,应通过固态保护和活态传承,实现民族服饰及其手工技艺与经济发展的良性互动.调查研究发现浙闽两地的畲族服饰既存在对盘瓠文化和凤凰崇拜的共同文化基因,也存在地区差异带来的细节差异.畲族的民俗、服饰、民艺等文化遗产的保护研究不仅有利于经济开发和服饰文化保护传承之间的共生和良性互动,而且可以为设计应用提供灵感来源和设计元素.

  18. Composition changes after the "Halloween" solar proton event: the High Energy Particle Precipitation in the Atmosphere (HEPPA model versus MIPAS data intercomparison study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Funke

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available We have compared composition changes of NO, NO2, H2O2, O3, N2O, HNO3, N2O5, HNO4, ClO, HOCl, and ClONO2 as observed by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS on Envisat in the aftermath of the "Halloween" solar proton event (SPE in late October 2003 at 25–0.01 hPa in the Northern Hemisphere (40–90° N and simulations performed by the following atmospheric models: the Bremen 2-D model (B2dM and Bremen 3-D Chemical Transport Model (B3dCTM, the Central Aerological Observatory (CAO model, FinROSE, the Hamburg Model of the Neutral and Ionized Atmosphere (HAMMONIA, the Karlsruhe Simulation Model of the Middle Atmosphere (KASIMA, the ECHAM5/MESSy Atmospheric Chemistry (EMAC model, the modeling tool for SOlar Climate Ozone Links studies (SOCOL and SOCOLi, and the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM4. The large number of participating models allowed for an evaluation of the overall ability of atmospheric models to reproduce observed atmospheric perturbations generated by SPEs, particularly with respect to NOy and ozone changes. We have further assessed the meteorological conditions and their implications for the chemical response to the SPE in both the models and observations by comparing temperature and tracer (CH4 and CO fields.

    Simulated SPE-induced ozone losses agree on average within 5 % with the observations. Simulated NOy enhancements around 1 hPa, however, are typically 30 % higher than indicated by the observations which are likely to be related to deficiencies in the used ionization rates, though other error sources related to the models' atmospheric background state and/or transport schemes cannot be excluded. The analysis of the observed and modeled NOy partitioning in the aftermath of the SPE has demonstrated the need to implement

  19. Composition changes after the "Halloween" solar proton event: the High-Energy Particle Precipitation in the Atmosphere (HEPPA model versus MIPAS data intercomparison study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Funke

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available We have compared composition changes of NO, NO2, H2O2, O3, N2O, HNO3, N2O5, HNO4, ClO, HOCl, and ClONO2 as observed by the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS on Envisat in the aftermath of the "Halloween" solar proton event (SPE in October/November 2003 at 25–0.01 hPa in the Northern Hemisphere (40–90° N and simulations performed by the following atmospheric models: the Bremen 2d Model (B2dM and Bremen 3d Chemical Transport Model (B3dCTM, the Central Aerological Observatory (CAO model, FinROSE, the Hamburg Model of the Neutral and Ionized Atmosphere (HAMMONIA, the Karlsruhe Simulation Model of the Middle Atmosphere (KASIMA, the ECHAM5/MESSy Atmospheric Chemistry (EMAC model, the modeling tool for SOlar Climate Ozone Links studies (SOCOL and SOCOLi, and the Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM4. The large number of participating models allowed for an evaluation of the overall ability of atmospheric models to reproduce observed atmospheric perturbations generated by SPEs, particularly with respect to NOy and ozone changes. We have further assessed the meteorological conditions and their implications on the chemical response to the SPE in both the models and observations by comparing temperature and tracer (CH4 and CO fields.

    Simulated SPE-induced ozone losses agree on average within 5% with the observations. Simulated oy enhancements around 1 hPa, however, are typically 30% higher than indicated by the observations which can be partly attributed to an overestimation of simulated electron-induced ionization. The analysis of the observed and modeled NOy partitioning in the aftermath of the SPE has demonstrated the need to implement additional ion chemistry (HNO3 formation via ion-ion recombination and water cluster ions into the chemical

  20. Recognizing costume features of She nationality in different areas based on eye-moving experiment%基于眼动实验的不同地区畲族服饰特征识别

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王艺舟; 蔡倩云; 张嘉楠; 邹奉元

    2016-01-01

    In order to distinguish costume features and key design points of She nationality in different areas, this paper chose first stare time and the ratio of stare time in total time in the region of interest in different She nationality areas by eye-moving experiment, and then analyzed data with 2(subjects) × 5(costume types) × 7(interest areas) ANOVA. The results indicate that subjects show significant difference in different interest areas for the stare time;there are also significant interactions of costume types and interest areas;the interest areas of different nationality are not all the same. These results will have reference value for researching and inheriting unique She minority costume culture, and distinguishing different costume features of minority regions.%为区分不同地区的畲族服饰特征和设计重点,通过眼动仪获得不同地区典型畲族服饰兴趣区的首次注视时间和注视时间占总时间比率等指标,然后进行被试组别、服饰类别和兴趣区三因素混合实验多因素方差分析.研究结果表明,被试对不同兴趣区域的注视时间有显著差异,服饰类别与兴趣区的交互作用显著,不同地区服饰的关注区域排序不尽相同.文章对于研究和传承独特的畲族服饰文化,区分不同畲族地区的服饰特征具有参考价值.

  1. Pour une approche renouvelée des recueils de costumes de la Renaissance. Une cartographie vestimentaire de l’espace et du temps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele Mentges

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available L’article propose une relecture des livres de costumes de la Renaissance dans la perspective du cultural mapping et de la construction de l’espace dans la culture occidentale. Il pose la question du rôle des vêtements dans la construction des espaces et dans la représentation de l’autre. Le vêtement, en particulier dans sa représentation picturale, fait-il appel à un discours visuel autonome ? Dans quelle mesure les différents livres des costumes font-ils référence l’un à l’autre ? Peut-on y découvrir des relations sous-jacentes ? On peut distinguer trois directions sommaires. Dans la première, celle des récits de voyage de Weiditz, le vêtement est utilisé comme une catégorie ethnographique relativement ouverte, même si déjà s’y annonce la tendance à établir une hiérarchisation claire entre nudité sauvage et habillement européen (civilisé. Dans les ouvrages de Desprez, Bertelli ou Grassi par exemple, la variété vestimentaire illustre essentiellement un discours de la différence culturelle. En revanche, dans l’ouvrage du dernier auteur du siècle, Vecellio, le récit prend la forme d’un véritable livre, où textes et images se trouvent valorisés à part égale et où apparaissent déjà les traits d’un véritable journal des modes. Dans leurs efforts pour spatialiser les différentes cultures à travers le vêtement et en illustrant de traits culturels vestimentaires divers les récits, tous contribuent à esquisser les contours et l’idée occidentale d’un sujet autonome : tout d’abord par une différenciation culturelle liée à la culture matérielle, ensuite par une différenciation de l’espace européen et de ses sous-espaces, et enfin par les liens du sujet à la culture matérielle, et plus particulièrement aux ressources économiques.The article tries to restudy the Renaissance Costume books in the modern perspective of mapping as a cultural concept. In which way does dress

  2. Cultural Connotation, Inheritance and Development of Bao' an Nationality Costume in Gansu%甘肃保安族服饰的文化内涵及其传承发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹立峰

    2012-01-01

    The thesis is about cultural connotation, inheritance and development of Beo' an nationality costume. The author analyzes psychological Qualities, aesthetic concept of Beo' an nationality costume .As e cultural carrier; it has a special significance in social life.%本文从民族融含、宗教文化对保安族服饰的影响,来阐述保安族服饰的传承与发晨。分析了作为保安族文化生动载体的保安族服饰新体现的心理素质、审美观念.在社会生活中具有的特殊意义。

  3. “Pour soi vêtir honnêtement à la cour  de monseigneur le duc de Bourgogne” : costume et dispositif vestimentaire à la cour de Philippe le Bon de 1430 à 1455

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sophie Jolivet-Jacquet

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available À travers l’analyse de son costume, cette recherche propose une étude du fonctionnement matériel d’un milieu restreint, la cour de Bourgogne, et s’interroge en particulier sur les rapports entre costume et pouvoir. Elle s’appuie sur l’analyse de la riche comptabilité du duc de Bourgogne Philippe le Bon. La période 1430-1455 offre une quasi-absence de lacunes dans les comptes de la recette générale de toutes les finances, donc la possibilité d’accéder à l’ensemble des données délivrées par ces...

  4. Makeup & Costume Design of Chekhov and Rika inLove· Chekhov%《爱恋·契诃夫》中契诃夫与丽卡的造型设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾珂

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, the author introduced the makeup & costume design ideas, features and experience of the leading player Chekhov and Rika in the dramaLove·Chekhov produced by the National Theatre of China.%介绍了中国国家话剧院的话剧《爱恋·契诃夫》中主角契诃夫和丽卡的造型设计思路、特征以及设计心得。

  5. 湘西苗族传统服饰款式与生态适应研究%On Traditional Costumes of Miao Nationality and its Ecological Adaptation in Xiangxi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴新绿; 谭卫华

    2011-01-01

    In the history of migrating and in the process of nature-remaking and developing production,the style of traditional costumes of Miao nationality in Xiangxi has gone through a developmental process of ancient,modern and contemporary era,its survival and inheritance has been adjusted to ecological system so as to keep their balance.This paper investigates the inheritance development of Xiangxi Miaos costumes from the ecological adaptation perspective which provides a significant reference value to the contemporary social life and culture of costumes.%湘西苗族在历史迁徙中,不断地改造自然和发展生产,其传统服饰款式也经历了古代、近代和现当代的发展过程,它的生存与传承也是与其生态系统调适以求平衡的发展过程。从生态适应视角来考察湘西苗族服饰的传承发展对当今社会生活和服饰文化具有重要的参考价值。

  6. Identification of ancient costume relics by X-ray fluorescence energy spectrometer%X-射线荧光能谱仪鉴定古代服饰文物

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李茜; 马利婵; 万锡铮; 刘琦; 龚龑

    2012-01-01

    X-射线荧光能谱技术已在很多领域得到应用,但在古代服饰文物鉴定方面的应用却刚刚开始.本文结合北京服装学院民族服饰博物馆的3件珍贵藏品,介绍X-射线荧光能谱仪在服饰文物鉴定中的应用,并对其在文物鉴定中的应用前景作了展望.%X-ray fluorescence energy spectrometric technique has already been applied in many fields. However, its application to costume relics is still at inception. Taking three rare relics in National Costume Museum of Beijing Institute of Fashion Technology for examples, this paper describes the applications of X-ray fluorescence energy spectrometer to the identification of ancient costume relics and discusses its future application prospect briefly.

  7. 七十二寨侗服饰的文化内涵%Cultural Connotation of the Costume of Seventy-Two Villages of the Dong Ethnic Minority

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡玲

    2012-01-01

    The ethnic costume is not only a kind of sign, but also a kind of language. It is a logo to distinguish different nationalities. It contains material and spiritual civilization of a nation. The costume of a nation reflects custom, totem and historical origin. By analysing the costume and pattern of the Dong, we can know more about the ethnic origin and religion.%民族服饰既是一种符号,也是一种语言,是区分不同民族的一种标识,包含一个民族的物质文明与精神文明。一个民族的服饰艺术,体现出一个民族的风俗习惯、图腾崇拜以及历史渊源。通过分析七十二寨侗服饰和图案,可以了解该地区的族源和民族信仰。

  8. 13世纪蒙古服饰文化诸形式--基于历史文献的研究%The Appearances of Mongol Costume Culture in Thirteenth Century---An Analysis Based on Historical Literature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    双金

    2014-01-01

    服饰作为一个民族物质文化的重要载体,代表着民族传统文化的精华。蒙古服饰不仅与其所处的自然气候条件、经济生产方式、独特民族心理相适应,而且反映了时代历史特征和社会发展水平。笔者采取历史民俗学之文献考证法,探讨13世纪蒙古人服饰文化的几种表现形式,说明上述理论假设的正确性。%As an important carrier of material culture,costumes represent the essence of traditional culture.The Mongol costume not only adapted to which climate,the economic production,and the unique national psychology,but also reflects the history and social development.According to an investigation on several appearances of Mongol costume,this paper confirmed the hypothesis above.

  9. 解析“民族风”时装设计中对民族服饰元素的借鉴%Referential Use of National Costume Element in the“Ethnic Style”Fashion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周莹

    2012-01-01

      Less influenced by external culture, Chinese national costume art has always retained a strong geographic and ethnic characteristic. On the current international fashion stage, the theme of“ethnic style”fashion design is a hot topic. Borrowing elements from special ethnic costumes is an important design method. The designers reconstructed the traditional national costume elements, which are mainly from the national clothing culture, style, color, pattern and technique.%  我国民族服饰艺术因较少受到外来文化的影响,保留有浓厚的地域和民族特色。在时下国际时装T台上日盛的“民族风”题材的时装设计中,对具有民族特色的民族服饰的借鉴是众多设计师们的重要设计手段。而设计师们对中国民族服饰的借鉴则主要是从民族服饰的文化、造型、色彩、图案及工艺这5个方面展开,对传统民族服饰元素进行时尚的设计再造。

  10. 凤凰装与畲族传统服饰文化探究%Investigation into culture of phoenix-style dress and She nationality traditional costumes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞敏; 崔荣荣

    2011-01-01

    凤凰装是随着畲族历史发展而逐渐形成的具有典型民族特色的服饰形态,是畲族社会文化与精神文化共融的表现,蕴含着畲族历史、民俗、艺术等多方面的文化内涵.基于对福建闽东地区的福州市罗源县竹里乡、福安市蕉城区飞鸾镇南山村、宁德市霞浦县白露坑半月里村等畲族村的实地调研,从凤凰装的历史溯源入手,系统地分析了其艺术特征,总结归纳了凤凰装所凝聚的畲族丰富的历史、文化习俗、宗教信仰等多方面意涵,并对形成这一独特文化内涵的原因进行了深入的探析,进而更深层次地揭示畲族历史发展的历程和传统服饰文化的精髓.%Phoenix-style dress,being a costume form with typical national characteristics,gradually takes its shape with the development of the history of She nationality, displays the integration of the social culture and spiritual culture of She,and contains rich cultural connotations of the history,folk custom,and art of She. Based on the filed investigations in several villages in the east area of Fujian province, this article traces back to the origin of phoenix-style dress, analyzes its artistic features, summarizes the rich connotations of history, folk culture, religion and belief of She nationality condensed by the "phoenix-style" dress, and discusses the causes leading to the formation of this unique cultural, and finally discloses the process of history development and the essence of traditional costume culture of She nationality.

  11. The View of Art and Craft with Material Culture--Focus On Costume%物质文化视野下的工艺美术再生产--以服饰为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈芳

    2014-01-01

    It is a new task to discuss art and craft reproduction in the modern society in the view of material culture, which aims to bring art and craft into the perspective of material culture and ifgure out the cultural background that art and craft can survive in the current. To take clothes for an example, the essay focuses on two problems that traditional costume encounters in the process of reproduction: one is how to design costume bearing Chinese elements or Chinese style to gain international recognition? And the other is to decide ritual costume that presents Chinese nation. What kind of Chinese style costume do people (overseas guests who attend meetings such as APEC included) wear on big occasions or at conference to reveal the relationship between costume and material culture.%从物质文化史的角度讨论工艺美术在当代社会“再生产”的问题,无疑是一个新课题,旨在将工艺美术纳入物质文化视野下进行考量,探寻工艺美术在当代社会生存的文化土壤。以服饰为例,主要讨论传统服饰门类的“再生产”在当代社会面临的两个问题:一是如何设计出具有中国元素或者说中国风格的服饰?并使之得到国际的认可。二是确立代表中华民族的礼仪服装,在重要的仪式或会议上,中国人(包括来中国参会(如APEC会议)的外国嘉宾)应该穿怎样的中式服装?从而突显服饰与物质文化的关系。

  12. Analyses on interpretation of semeiology and consumer culture of modem silk costumes in China%对当代丝绸服饰的符号学解读与消费文化分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕昉

    2012-01-01

    This paper tries to use cultural theory of consumerism to explain the significance of silk as luxury and design product by means of semeiology and analyses of consumer's behavior. Besides, it suggests that the design of domestic silk costumes should pay attention to demands of young consumers and most consumers to design silk costumes with more abundant and diversified symbol significance so that consumers can construct their status, themselves and their relationship with others by silk costumes. It considers that silk costumes and other similar traditional costumes should not only adapt to modern life in aspects of performance and comfortableness but also satisfy modern consumers, especially the characteristics of perceptual consumption and symbol consumption, to develop high-quality products that are suitable for common consumers and young people and develop local silk brands.%尝试运用消费主义文化理论,借助符号学和消费者行为分析,解释当代丝绸作为奢侈品和设计品的意义.提出国内的丝绸服饰设计应该关注年轻和大众消费者的需求,设计出有更丰富和多元符号意义的丝绸服饰,使消费者能通过丝绸服饰来建构身份、建构自我、建构与他人的关系.认为丝绸服饰品以及类似的传统服饰制品,除了在服用性能、穿着舒适性方面进一步适应现代生活之外,其设计、销售、品牌传播等方面,也要适应现代消费者特别是感性消费、符号消费的特点,开发适合中端消费者的优质设计品,才能抓住年轻人的心,也才能实现本土丝绸品牌的振兴.

  13. The “Zero-waste” Design in National Costumes%民族服饰中的“零浪费”设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏莉

    2016-01-01

    The development of industrial garment production has brought about increasingly serious environment issues, so eco-friendly fashions draw more and more attention of people in the fashion industry at home and abroad. Based on introducing the concept of “zero-waste” garment design, the paper discusses the “zero-waste” design of national costumes and analyzes its characteristics, offering an operational solution for the application of “zero-waste” design concept in modern fashion design.%随着服装工业生产的发展,其所带来的环境问题也日益严重,因而生态时尚越来越受到国内外时尚界人士的关注。文章在分析“零浪费”服装设计的基础上,探讨了民族服饰中的“零浪费”设计,分析其特点,为“零浪费”设计在现代时装设计中的应用提供可操作性方案。

  14. 女子网球服装的演变及其影响研究%On the Evolution and Effects of Women's Tennis Costume

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安进辉

    2015-01-01

    文章运用文献资料法、逻辑分析法,对女子网球服装的演变进行分析和研究。文章通过对女子网球服装的历史演变的分析,揭示了女子网球服装的演变对网球运动本身的促进作用,对网球运动的传播与普及的促进作用,以及其对网球文化和非网球领域的影响,通过研究为网球女子服饰未来的发展演变提供参考依据。%Using the methods of literature and logical analysis, this paper analyzes and studies the evolution of women's tennis costume. Through the analysis of the historical evolution of women's tennis apparel, it reveals that the evolution of women's tennis clothing promotes the development of the sport of tennis, the transmission and popularization of the sport and its influence on the tennis culture and the non-tennis field. The research provides a reference for the development of tennis women's dress in the future.

  15. Templates for gas consumption with small and medium sized gas costumers; Skabeloner for gasforbrug hos smae og mellemstore gaskunder

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gruijthuijsen, Leo van

    2005-12-01

    In connection with deregulation of the Danish gas market 1 January 2004 the need for determining the gas consumption of consumers without hourly consumption registration cropped up. On this background a measurement program for two consumer groups was initiated, one group consisted of customers in single family houses with consumption between 0 and 6.000 m{sup 3}/y and one group consisting of industry/business customers with consumption between 6.000 and 300.000 m{sup 3}/y. Results from this measurement program have been used to develop consumption models for both customer types. (BA)

  16. El antiguo festival céltico pagano de Samain y su continuación en la fiesta laica de Halloween, el día de los difuntos cristiano y el día de muertos en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Alberro

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se analiza la festividad mexicana del Día de Muertos, sus raícesparciales en la Festividad de los Muertos de los antiguos aztecas, y la forma en quese desarrolló a partir del Día de los Difuntos cristiano, cuyo origen se retrotrae a suvez a la antigua festividad céltica pagana de Samain. Se estudia también la recienteintroducción en México de la actual fiesta laica de Halloween, derivada asimismo deSamain, y la forma en la que los mexicanos reaccionan ante este acontecimiento.

  17. El antiguo festival céltico pagano de Samain y su continuación en la fiesta laica de Halloween, el día de los difuntos cristiano y el día de muertos en México

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Alberro

    2004-01-01

    En el artículo se analiza la festividad mexicana del Día de Muertos, sus raícesparciales en la Festividad de los Muertos de los antiguos aztecas, y la forma en quese desarrolló a partir del Día de los Difuntos cristiano, cuyo origen se retrotrae a suvez a la antigua festividad céltica pagana de Samain. Se estudia también la recienteintroducción en México de la actual fiesta laica de Halloween, derivada asimismo deSamain, y la forma en la que los mexicanos reaccionan ante este acontecimiento....

  18. Cultural Characteristics of Costumes for Competitive Dragon Dancing in China%我国现代竞技舞龙运动服饰文化特征研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李志军; 张赐东

    2014-01-01

    As a product and carrier of culture, costume is an integration of substance and spiritual aspects of mankind. The costume in the modern competitive dragon dancing in China is the cultural integration of substance culture, system culture and spiritual culture, which is filled with rich cultural atmosphere and such cultural characteristics as change, heritage, nationality, compatibility and aesthetics. The costume for modern competitive dragon dancing is not only rich in historical and cultural traces, but shows the modern fashion and artistic expressive force.%服饰是文化的产物和载体,现代竞技舞龙运动服饰充满了浓郁的文化气息,具有嬗变性、传承性、民族性、兼容性、审美性等文化特征。其嬗变性反映了时代文化的形态,传承性体现了历史文化的积淀,民族性展示了文化的多样性,兼容性促进了历史与现代的文化交融,审美性则展现了美的文化依附物。现代竞技舞龙运动服饰不仅富有厚重的历史文化痕迹,而且展现了时尚的现代感和艺术表现力。

  19. 探析消费心理因素对服装流行走势的影响%ON THE IMPACTS OF CONSUMERS’ PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS ON THE TREND OF COSTUME FASHION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白柳

    2014-01-01

    服装的流行以及服装流行的程度、跨度,一定程度上是社会物质文明和精神文明高度发展的产物,也是一种社会现象,更是一种时代潮流触角的具体反映和体现。众所周知,服装的流行会受到多种因素的影响,但其产生和发展却是消费者心理期望的直接反映,并按照自己的审美观念来选择流行产品,如果服装产品能够达到他们的审美需求,那么就会容易得到他们的认可。探析影响服装流行的消费心理因素,发现其对服装流行走势的影响,显然有助于更准确地把握流行趋势、掌握流行规律,这也是服装发展必须面对的一个课题。%The fashion trend of costume and its degree and span partly result from highly-developed material and spiritual civilization, embody a social phenomenon and reflect the trends of our times. As we all know, the fashion trend of costume is influenced by various factors, and its emergence and development directly reflect consumers’ psychological expectation. And the consumers choose fashionable products according to their own aesthetic ideas. If the fashionable products can meet their aesthetic requirements, they can easily achieve consumers’ approval. To analyze psychological factors affecting the fashion trend of costume and find out their impact can help to know the fashion trend accurately and the fashion patterns, which is also a topic the development of costume should face.

  20. The Research of Programmability Dress in Traditional Huai Opera Costumes with Its Innovative Design%传统淮剧服饰的程式性装扮与创新设计研究*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈洁; 秦晓

    2013-01-01

    Huai opera was originated in salt Huai watertown in the northern Jiangsu Plain, carrying the rich regional culture in different historical periods. As the Jianghuai area of the local opera, previous studies mainly focused on the repertoire, singing, music, inheritance and development etc, but the lack of Huai opera costumes. Therefore, the author based on fieldwork and theoretical analysis, combined with local historical documents, customs, Huai opera photos, analysis the programmability dress in Huai Opera costumes. And researched in the identity of the traditional Huai Opera artistic concepts with modern humanistic spirit, innovative design of costumes. Costumes perspective out the Jianghuai region folk culture, heritage and development of Huai opera plays a catalytic role.%  淮剧诞生于苏北平原、盐淮水乡,承载着不同历史时期丰厚的地域文化,作为江淮地区的地方戏剧种,以往的研究主要集中在曲目、唱腔、音乐、传承与发展等方面,但对淮剧服饰的研究甚少,为此,笔者在田野调查与理论分析的基础上,结合地方历史文献、风俗习惯、淮剧剧照等分析了淮剧服饰的程式性装扮,并对淮剧在传统戏曲艺术观念与现代人文精神的认同中勇于变革,进行服饰的创新设计展开了研究,服饰的研究可以透视出江淮地区的民俗文化,对淮剧的传承与发展起着促进作用。

  1. A Study on the Patterns of Color Use on Qiang Costume and Embroidery from the Perspective of Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhou Mei; He Yun

    2015-01-01

    The color language of the ethnic minorities accumulates and develops during the process of their production practices, and it is in ̄fluenced by many factors,including the natural en ̄vironment,primitive beliefs, folklore, and customs as well as by cultural fusion with those ethnic mi ̄norities who historically surrounded them. It is a carrier for expressing the emotions of an ethnic group, and is also a cultural element or symbol which reflects the ethnic groups’ characteristics. An analysis of the ethnic minorities’ aesthetics re ̄garding color can help us interpret the cultural“code” of an ethnic group.

  2. Classical Beauty's Call: Investigation on Costume Culture of Baiku Yao in Nandan Area, Guangxi Province%古韵美的召唤:南丹白裤瑶服饰文化特征研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺桂梅

    2012-01-01

    白裤瑶是一个以服饰而得名的瑶族支系,其服饰简朴明快而洋溢着古典格调,是记录白裤瑶民俗风情和历史文化的重要依据。要解读白裤瑶服饰古韵美的艺术特征与审美价值,可分别从多样化的款式、五彩斑斓的色彩和韵味浓厚的图案三个方面.挖掘其文化来源、发展与潜在的价值。这不仅能够增强白裤瑶人民对本民族的认同感与自豪感,而且对传承白裤瑶民族文化.对其他少数民族服饰研究具有的重大意义。%This paper aims at showing the unique and exquisite crafftsmanship and its culture richness, which is based on the research on field observation of Baiku Yao, Nandan District. Not only does this study strengthen the sense of identity and pride for their own ethnic in Baiku Yao, but also emphasize its importance of the inheritance of Baiku Yao costume culture, meanwhile the research on costumes in other minorities.

  3. 非物质文化遗产视角下传统戏曲服饰蠡测%On the Traditional Opera Costumes with the Perspective of Intangible Cultural Heritage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩青; 徐军

    2012-01-01

    Designs and colors of the traditional opera costumes are the important parts of intangible cultural heritage. They transmitted national opera culture lively by fusing history culture, national culture, and costume culture together. The designs and colors have the outstanding symbolic characteristics and have the certain regularity on collocation, which has the effect of accuracy, vivacity, and correct orientation to the figures performance in the operas.%中国传统戏曲服饰中的图案纹样及色彩搭配是非物质文化遗产的重要组成部分,不仅融历史文化、民族文化、服饰文化为一体,活态传承着民族戏曲文化,耐且还有着自身突出的象征性特点,在搭配上也具一定的规律性。这些象征义和规律的运用,对表现戏曲中的人物起到了准确传神、正确定位的功效。

  4. Review of the book: Bogachev A.V., Frantsuzov D.A. Costume of the proto–Bulgars of the Middle Volga region: the end of the VII – the beginning of the X century (Samara, 2012, 350 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liphanov Nikolay A.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Methodological and source study aspects of the research devoted to the costume of early medieval cattle-breeding population of the Middle Volga region carried out in the monograph by A.V. Bogachev and D.A. Frantsuzov are examined in the review. This aspect of material culture is considered by the authors on the basis of written, visual and material data. However, it should be noted that the information from the written sources analyzed appeared insufficient to characterize the nomadic costume in general, lacking details regarding the clothing of the early medieval Bulgars of the Middle Volga region in particular. The visual sources are more informative, but the authors have not used them in total, ignoring a lot of important materials. Besides, the authors of the book have discarded a significant array of archaeological data, and the analysis of the materials used bears a rather superficial and careless character. The fact that the majority archaeological sites considered in the book have been attributed to the Proto-Bulgars (Bulgars attests to a subjective and badly-reasoned stance. The study is largely secondary: it is based upon previous works by A.V. Bogachev and repeats his mistakes and errors, which have already received a negative appraisal from experts. The author of the review concludes that the study by A.V. Bogachev and D.A. Frantsuzov has been carried out on a low methodological level, insufficient to consider the monograph under consideration a qualitative research

  5. Book review: Bogachev A.V., Frantsuzov D.A. Costume of the Proto-Bulgars of the Middle Volga region: late 7th – early 10th century (Samara: SGTU, 2012, 350 pp.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liphanov Nikolay A.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Methodological and source study aspects of the research devoted to the costume of early medieval cattle-breeding population of the Middle Volga region carried out in the monograph by A.V. Bogachev and D.A. Frantsuzov are examined in the review. This aspect of material culture is considered by the authors on the basis of written, visual and material data. However, it should be noted that the information from the written sources analyzed appeared insufficient to characterize the nomadic costume in general, lacking details regarding the clothing of the early medieval Bulgars of the Middle Volga region in particular. The visual sources are more informative, but the authors have not used them in total, ignoring a lot of important materials. Besides, the authors of the book have discarded a significant array of archaeological data, and the analysis of the materials used bears a rather superficial and careless character. The fact that the majority archaeological sites considered in the book have been attributed to the Proto-Bulgars (Bulgars attests to a subjective and badly-reasoned stance. The study is largely secondary: it is based upon previous works by A.V. Bogachev and repeats his mistakes and errors, which have already received a negative appraisal from experts. The author of the review concludes that the study by A.V. Bogachev and D.A. Frantsuzov has been carried out on a low methodological level, insufficient to consider the monograph under consideration a qualitative research.

  6. 融合鄂温克民间传统服饰的动画角色创作%Creation of Animation Character Fusing Ewenki Traditional Folk Costumes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周珂

    2014-01-01

    动画是一门广征博取的艺术形式,它海纳百川的艺术胸怀和有容乃大的艺术气质成就了艺术动画的诞生,也成就了宫崎骏等动画大师的成功之路。于此相比,当下的国产动画形式单一,普遍缺乏民族特色和原创性,渐渐沉默在他性文化的阴霾之中。文章尝试将蒙古族、鄂温克族、达斡尔族、鄂伦春族的服饰文化与动画角色设计相融合,探讨民族风味的动画角色设计的方法。以鄂温克题材动画和民间传统服饰的结合经验,探讨鄂温克风味的动画角色设计,一定程度上营造富有中国民族特色的动画内容和形式,为未来动画创作方向提供借鉴。%Animation is an encyclopedical artistic form, its artistic mind and artistic temperament facilitates the birth of artistic animation, also brings up the road to success of Hayao Miyazaki and other animation masters. By contrast, the form of domestic animation is single, general lack of national characteristics and originality. The project team tried to fuse the dress culture of the Mongolian nationality, the Ewen-ki, the Daur nationality, the Oroqen nationality and the design of animation character, discuss the de-sign methods of animation characters having ethnic flavor. This article based on the fusion experience of the Ewenki theme animation and traditional folk costumes, discussed the design of animation char-acter with the Ewenki flavor, to a certain extent created animation content and form with rich Chinese national characteristics, to provide reference for the direction of future animation creation.

  7. 一部有创见性与学术深度的服饰研究新著——评《濒临消失的广西少数民族服饰文化》%Works of Costume Research with Originality and Academic Depth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡牧君

    2012-01-01

    玉时阶教授的《濒临消失的广西少数民族服饰文化》一书,通过大量的第一手资料和照片,阐述与展示了广西少数民族服饰丰富多彩的文化意境,对现代化进程中濒临消失的广西少数民族服饰文化进行了深入的研究,对如何做好广西少数民族服饰文化保护与传承提出了切实可行的建议与对策,拓展了少数民族服饰文化研究的领域,推进了中国少数民族服饰研究理论的创新,是少数民族服饰研究领域中少见的新力作。%On the Verge of Extinction of Guangxi Ethnic Costume and Adornment Culture describes the rich culture of Guangxi ethnic costume, deeply studies on the verge of its extinction, puts forward some feasible suggestions and countermeasures for protecting it, extends the study field of ethnic costume and adornment culture and promotes the theory innovation of the study of China ethnic costume.

  8. Technological Analysis of the World’s Earliest Shamanic Costume: A Multi-Scalar, Experimental Study of a Red Deer Headdress from the Early Holocene Site of Star Carr, North Yorkshire, UK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Aimée; Elliott, Benjamin; Conneller, Chantal; Pomstra, Diederik; Evans, Adrian A.; Fitton, Laura C.; Holland, Andrew; Davis, Robert; Kershaw, Rachel; O’Connor, Sonia; O’Connor, Terry; Sparrow, Thomas; Wilson, Andrew S.; Jordan, Peter; Collins, Matthew J.; Colonese, André Carlo; Craig, Oliver E.; Knight, Rebecca; Lucquin, Alexandre J. A.; Taylor, Barry; Milner, Nicky

    2016-01-01

    Shamanic belief systems represent the first form of religious practice visible within the global archaeological record. Here we report on the earliest known evidence of shamanic costume: modified red deer crania headdresses from the Early Holocene site of Star Carr (c. 11 kya). More than 90% of the examples from prehistoric Europe come from this one site, establishing it as a place of outstanding shamanistic/cosmological significance. Our work, involving a programme of experimental replication, analysis of macroscopic traces, organic residue analysis and 3D image acquisition, metrology and visualisation, represents the first attempt to understand the manufacturing processes used to create these artefacts. The results produced were unexpected—rather than being carefully crafted objects, elements of their production can only be described as expedient. PMID:27073850

  9. 论苗族服饰中龙纹图案染织绣技艺之美%Study on the beauty of batik,weaving and embroidery of dragon pattern in the Miao Nationality costumes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁惠娥; 时蕾

    2011-01-01

    This paper taked the dragon pattern in the Miao Nationality costumes as the research subject, and made specific studies on its craft and art, especially analyzed the weaving and embroidery techniques of dragon pattern, directly reflected the beauty of the craft and provided reference for the modern fashion design.%以苗族服饰中龙纹图案为对象,从技术与艺术两方面对其作了具体分析和研究,尤其是对纹样的织造和刺绣进行了详尽分析,直观地展现了其工艺技术之美,为当代服装设计提供了借鉴.

  10. Redefining the Value of the Costumes Found in Tombs of Huangsheng of the Mid-13th Century%“福州南宋黄异墓"服饰的价值重释

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和立勇

    2012-01-01

    From the standpoint of cultural diversity in our present society, this paper intends to redefine the multi - dimensional values of the costumes found in Tombs of Huangsheng of the m/d-13th Century in the aspects of literature study, survey of the resources of folk customs in Fujian and Taiwan, the protection and inheritance of intangible cultural heritage of clothing technology, and the construction of local knowledge. First, its value of archaeology and literature has not only enriched the proof for the research on Chinese costume studies in Southern Song Dynasty, but also filled the vacancy of archaeological literature on Fujian traditional costumes. This literature has now among the most frequently quoted in the field of clothing history study. Second, the costumes found in Tombs of Huangsheng of the mid-13~ Century show u great technology in embroidery, printing, dyeing and so on. These achievements not only reflect Fujian's advanced textile industry and the fine technology in Song Dynasty, but are also good examples for later researchers to study Fujian's local aesthetic interest in Southern Song Dynasty. Third, it also provides some valuable references for both the construction of local cultural knowledge and the promotion of local characteristics of culture.%站在当下构建文化多样性的立场,从文献索引、闽台历史民俗资源调查、服饰技艺类非物质文化遗产保护与传承以及“地方性知识”建构4个维度,对“福州南宋黄弄墓”服饰进行多维价值重释。从考古价值和文献价值上,黄弄墓服饰既丰富了中国服饰史研究中关于南宋部分的实证,又填补了闽文化传统服饰的考古文献空缺,也成为服饰史研究中最常被引用的文献;黄异墓服饰在刺绣、印染等纺织技术上的成就。既能客观反映宋代闽地纺织工业及技艺的高超,又为后人提供了研究南宋时期闽文化地方性审美意趣的真实范例;同时为

  11. 湘西的斑斓印迹--沈从文笔下的苗族服饰民俗%The Gorgeous Imprinting in Western Hunan--- in Shen Ts'ung - wen's Works Describing the Miao Nationality Costume

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武鹏冲

    2014-01-01

    湘西题材小说作为沈从文创作生涯中的重要组成部分,在20、30年代普遍批判乡土世界的落后与衰败的浪潮中,反其道而行,为大家描述了遥远的湘西世界的自然风土民俗,苗族服饰以其极具自然美和装饰美的特征,为湘西世界披上了斑斓外衣。论文拟对沈从文湘西题材小说中的苗族服饰描写进行探究,分析其背后的民俗文化内涵。%As an important component of Shen Ts'ung -wen's writing career ,novels based on West Xiang's theme do the exact opposite and describe the natural customs of the remote Xiangxi world for us during the tide of criticizing widely the backwardness and feebleness of native countryside in the 1920s and 1930s .With the characteristics of extremely natural beauty and decorative beauty ,the Miao nationality's costume put on the gorgeous cloak for the Xiangxi world .The author of this paper intends to conduct studies on the portrait on the Miao's nationality costume in Shen Ts'ung -wen's works and analyses the cultural connotation of folk customs after these works .

  12. 清代汉族服饰对哈密维吾尔族服饰的影响%On the Influences of Han Hationality's Clothing in the Qing Dynasty on Hami Uyghur Costume

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王萍; 陈文福

    2013-01-01

    Qing dynasty was a period of national integration when the era of national culture blended , especially the clothing culture . Hami's unique geographical position embodies the cultural blend of varied characteristics . The influences of Han Chinese clothing culture on Hami Uyghur in the Qing dynasty were numerous and could be seen in many aspects . Based on the study of the Uygur costume design structure , fabric texture , decorative pattern , ornament law in several aspects , the author holds that costumes of Hami Uighur in the Qin dynasty absorbed a lot of factors of the dressing culture of the Han nationality and draws the conclusion that a large amount of Han culture is blended in Hami Uighur's traditional culture .%清代是民族文化交融的时代,尤其是服装文化。哈密地理位置独特更体现了文化交融的特点。汉族服饰文化对哈密维吾尔族清代服饰的影响也是众多和主要的方面,本文从哈密地区维吾尔族服饰的款式形制、面料质地、装饰图案、装饰规律等几个方面作以对比,从而分析出哈密维吾尔族清代服饰当中吸收借鉴了很多汉族服饰文化的因子,进而明确哈密维吾尔传统文化中融入了大量汉文化的因素。

  13. 两汉时期舞蹈形态与舞蹈服饰分析兼论我国传统服饰表现在舞剧《水月洛神》中的运用%Analysis on Dance Forms and Costumes in Han Dynasty Concurently Discuss the Performance of Chinese Traditional Costume in the Ballet “Goddess Luo in the Moon in the Water”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丹; 崔荣荣; 牛犁

    2014-01-01

    Han Dynasty is an important stage of our dance development in the history, which absorbed that the constituents of “ritual and ceremony” nature of dance preformance from Shang and Zhou dynasties mainly appeared in the singing and dancing show; also formed the sleeve dance and disc (drum) dance dance style with a unique characteristic of the times. In Han Dynasty, sleeve dance put different types of dance costumes such as bag-sleeve, wide sleeves, tight sleeves, narrow long sleeves and tight sleeves with a wide cuff as performance carrier of dance forms. Disc (drum) dance performed dance through props disk or drum, and its costumes were specially processed in order to facilitate their dancers’ dance. From this, the decision of the Han Dynasty dance styles, in addition to the particular style of dance movement, but also includes the role of dance costumes or props played in the dance. On the basis of the current dance form of the existing portrait on the brick in Han Dynasty, this paper investigates dance forms and costumes in Han Dynasty, as well as the organic combination of this two parts for dance performance.%汉代是我国舞蹈历史上承前启后的一个重要发展阶段,它吸收了商、周时期由“祭祀和礼化”构成舞蹈表演性质的成分,主要是在歌舞百戏中出现;也形成了独具时代特征的袖舞和盘(鼓)舞的舞蹈风格。两汉时期的袖舞是借助舞蹈服饰中的不同袖型如宽袖、宽大袖、窄袖、窄长袖以及宽袖套窄袖等作为表现载体的舞蹈形式,盘(建鼓)舞则是通过道具盘或建鼓进行舞蹈表现,其服饰本身也在为便于舞者的舞蹈动作而做出的特定处理。由此可知,决定汉代舞蹈风格的要素除特定的舞蹈动作风格之外,也包含舞蹈服饰或道具对其所起到的作用。本文以目前现存的两汉时期汉画像砖石上的舞蹈形态为对象,考察我国汉代舞蹈中的舞蹈形态和舞蹈服饰

  14. Large Halloween asteroid at lunar distance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, T. G.; Marciniak, A.; Butkiewicz-Bąk, M.; Duffard, R.; Oszkiewicz, D.; Käufl, H. U.; Szakáts, R.; Santana-Ros, T.; Kiss, C.; Santos-Sanz, P.

    2017-02-01

    The near-Earth asteroid (NEA) 2015 TB145 had a very close encounter with Earth at 1.3 lunar distances on October 31, 2015. We obtained 3-band mid-infrared observations of this asteroid with the ESO VLT-VISIR instrument covering approximately four hours in total. We also monitored the visual lightcurve during the close-encounter phase. The NEA has a (most likely) rotation period of 2.939 ± 0.005 h and the visual lightcurve shows a peak-to-peak amplitude of approximately 0.12 ± 0.02 mag. A second rotation period of 4.779 ± 0.012 h, with an amplitude of the Fourier fit of 0.10 ± 0.02 mag, also seems compatible with the available lightcurve measurements. We estimate a V-R colour of 0.56 ± 0.05 mag from different entries in the MPC database. A reliable determination of the object's absolute magnitude was not possible. Applying different phase relations to the available R-/V-band observations produced HR = 18.6 mag (standard H-G calculations) or HR = 19.2 mag and HV = 19.8 mag (via the H-G12 procedure for sparse and low-quality data), with large uncertainties of approximately 1 mag. We performed a detailed thermophysical model analysis by using spherical and partially also ellipsoidal shape models. The thermal properties are best explained by an equator-on (±≈30°) viewing geometry during our measurements with a thermal inertia in the range 250-700 J m-2 s-0.5 K-1 (retrograde rotation) or above 500 J m-2 s-0.5 K-1 (prograde rotation). We find that the NEA has a minimum size of approximately 625 m, a maximum size of just below 700 m, and a slightly elongated shape with a/b ≈ 1.1. The best match to all thermal measurements is found for: (i) thermal inertia Γ = 900 J m-2 s-0.5 K-1; Deff = 644 m, pV = 5.5% (prograde rotation with 2.939 h); regolith grain sizes of ≈50-100 mm; (ii) thermal inertia Γ = 400 J m-2 s-0.5 K-1; Deff = 667 m, pV = 5.1% (retrograde rotation with 2.939 h); regolith grain sizes of ≈10-20 mm. A near-Earth asteroid model (NEATM) confirms an object size well above 600 m (best NEATM solution at 690 m, beaming parameter η = 1.95), significantly larger than early estimates based on radar measurements. In general, a high-quality physical and thermal characterisation of a close-encounter object from two-week apparition data is not easily possible. We give recommendations for improved observing strategies for similar events in the future. Analysis is also based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory, Chile; ESO, DDT proposal 296.C-5007(A).The data of the visual lightcurves are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (http://130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/598/A63

  15. Halloween sunnib investori ostulainele / Peeter Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Peeter

    2004-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 29. sept. lk. 2. Aktsiaturgudel levinud ja tõestust leidnud legendi kohaselt tähistab 30. oktoober ka päeva, mille vahetus ümbruses turule sisenejad on vähemalt ajalugu vaadates olnud suhteliselt edukad. Diagramm. Kommenteerib Romet Kreek

  16. Large Halloween Asteroid at Lunar Distance

    CERN Document Server

    Müller, T G; Butkiewicz-Bąk, M; Duffard, R; Oszkiewicz, D; Käufl, H U; Szakáts, R; Santana-Ros, T; Kiss, C; Santos-Sanz, P

    2016-01-01

    The near-Earth asteroid (NEA) 2015 TB145 had a very close encounter with Earth at 1.3 lunar distances on October 31, 2015. We obtained 3-band mid-infrared observations with the ESO VLT-VISIR instrument and visual lightcurves during the close-encounter phase. The NEA has a (most likely) rotation period of 2.939 +/- 0.005 hours and the visual lightcurve shows a peak-to-peak amplitude of approximately 0.12+/-0.02 mag. We estimate a V-R colour of 0.56+/-0.05 mag from MPC database entries. Applying different phase relations to the available R-/V-band observations produced H_R = 18.6 mag (standard H-G calculations) or H_R = 19.2 mag & H_V = 19.8 mag (via the H-G12 procedure), with large uncertainties of approximately 1 mag. We performed a detailed thermophysical model analysis by using spherical and ellipsoidal shape models. The thermal properties are best explained by an equator-on (+/- ~30 deg) viewing geometry during our measurements with a thermal inertia in the range 250-700 Jm-2s-0.5K-1 (retrograde rotati...

  17. Institutional Microaggressions at a Hispanic Serving Institution: A Diné (Navajo) Woman Utilizing Tribal Critical Race Theory through Student Activism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desai, Shiv R.; Abeita, Andrea

    2017-01-01

    From private to public, from small to large, campus protests and demonstrations have risen across the country to address institutional racism regarding a range of issues including offensive Halloween costumes, university/college seals, lack of faculty color, and racist vandalism. One such example occurred at Southwest University where Native…

  18. Colored Contact Lens Dangers

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to drive for eight weeks," she said. "I now live with a corneal scar, vision damage and a drooping eyelid." To safely wear costume contact lenses for Halloween or any time of year, follow these guidelines: Get an eye ...

  19. Gangsters, Pranksters, and the Invention of Trick-or-Treating, 1930-1960

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawash, Samira

    2011-01-01

    For most children in North America, Halloween is one of the most exciting holidays of the year. But some critics insist that its emphasis on ready-made costumes, store-bought candy, and trick-or-treating seduces children into cultural passivity and socializes them to mindless consumption. These critics argue that trick-or-treating was an inherited…

  20. Cultural Origin and Characteristics of the HeLou Dance' s Costumes in Nanjiang River Basin in Guangdong Province%广东南江流域禾楼舞服装佩饰的特征及文化源流探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭祖鸿; 郭蔓娜

    2012-01-01

    There are clear differences between HeLou ritual dance magic costumes of and the witchcraft in other regions, which played a very important role in the ceremony. The analysis of Wo House dance costumes can help us understand the basic features and cultural origins and study the evolution of the regional and national characteristics of Helou dance.%广东南江流域禾楼舞巫术仪式的服饰与其他区域的巫术有着明显的区别,且在仪式中起十分重要的作用,对禾楼舞的服装及佩饰进行分析有助于了解其基本特征及文化源流,进而帮助了解禾楼舞的地域、民族特色及历史演变。

  1. 中国传统服饰色彩之红色系染色工艺及显色探析%Chinese traditional costume color-red color series dyeing process and coloration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵志军; 徐菲; 王慧; 杨晓华

    2016-01-01

    中国传统服饰色彩对现代服饰设计的影响较为深远,但传统色彩本身具有一定的模糊性.文章以大红色、小红色,以及相关色彩莲红色、桃红色、银红色、水红色、丹矾红共7种传统服饰色彩为例,对其染色技艺、染材、染液、色名、色彩等进行研究整理,并通过染色实验确定了最终的染色工艺及其L?、a?、b?值的大致范围.结果显示,大红色和小红色两者显色清晰、饱和度较高,为明度不同的对立色.其中大红色呈鲜艳的红色;小红色和丹矾红色相接近,均呈深红褐色,为同色、同技而不同名的色彩;其他4种色彩均与色名描述相符.染色后对7种色彩试样进行耐洗色牢度和摩擦色牢度测试,大红色、莲红色、桃红色、银红色、水红色皂洗牢度中的褪色为1~2级、沾色为3级,摩擦色牢度为3级以上,不能满足现代服装服用色牢度要求;小红色和丹矾红均达到3级以上的标准,可满足现代服装服用色牢度要求.同时通过调整媒染剂的用量可改变小红色和丹矾红的色相,使之呈鲜艳的棕红色,其改良结果与小红色、丹矾红同样具有一定的应用价值.%Chinese traditional costume color has influenced modern costume design significantly, but traditional color itself has certain fuzziness. This paper takes 7 traditional costume colors ( including big red, little red, lotus red, peach red, silver red, water red and cinnabar red ) for example and studies their dyeing techniques, materials, additives, code and colors. Besides, the final dyeing process and the rough range of L?, a?, b? are confirmed through dyeing experiment. Final result shows that big red and little red have clear coloration and high saturation, and they are opposite colors with different brightness. Big red is bright red, while little red is more close to cinnabar red which is more bronzing, and they are the same color, same dyeing technique but different color

  2. Analyses of the Rheological and Inheritance about Baiyue Ethnic Typical Costumes---A Case Study of Dai Nationality Clothing%百越族群典型服饰的流变与传承探析--以傣族服饰为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄俊敏; 王锐强; 杨兆麟

    2014-01-01

    This article first analyzes Baiyue Ethnic original dress image from cultural relics, such as the ancient rock paintings, bronzes and paper paintings. Then, it describes Baiyue ethnic costumes by the literature, represented by Dai rheological conditions. Finally, it analyes their historical inheritance of the traditional costumes. It reflects the primitive thoughts accumulation of the race in the inheritance of traditional costume.%文章首先从古代崖画、青铜器及纸本画等文物上分析百越族群原始服饰形象,接着用文献资料阐述百越族群以傣族为代表的服饰流变情况,最后探析其传统服饰的历史承袭。在传统服饰的传承中,折射了民族原始古朴的思想积淀。

  3. Different Translator, Different Representation of Costume Beauty --A Case Study on Chapter 49 of Hongloumeng%不同的译者,不同的服饰美——以《红楼梦》第四十九回为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨春花

    2012-01-01

    《红楼梦》中第四十九回对众多女性人物的服饰进行了淋漓尽致的描写,充分展现了中国的服饰文化。但由于文化背景的差异,杨译和霍译在英译人物服饰色彩、质料、款式时,采用了不同的译法,给读者展现了不一样的服饰美。%The vivid and thorough description about lots of female figures' clothes and ornaments in Chapter 49 of Hongloumeng is a full demonstration of China's costume culture. However, the costume beauty revealed in Yang Xianyi' s version and David Hawkes' version is different from each other owing to their different translation of color, material and style of literary figures' costume, which is caused by culture differences.

  4. From Practical Function of Living to Artistic Appreciation-An Analysis of Formation and Evolution of Performance Costumes of Traditional Opera%从生活实用到艺术审美--戏曲表演服饰形成与演变论析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈友峰

    2016-01-01

    Aesthetic pleasure is the main function and purpose of opera costumes .However , this aesthetic function is not formed overnight , but evolved in a long history .It is the result of gradual artisry of common folk costumes and imperial dress .Appearance of the real life dress not only offers a possibility for artisry of costumes , but also provides the material basis for opera costumes .The for-mation of opera art gives a “skeleton” for artistic costumes of opera to be affiliated with .Opera cos-tumes arose along with the appearance of Zaju ( poetic drama set to music ) in the Song and Yuan Dynasties , which came from but went beyond real life dress .By inheriting and absorbing dresses from different areas , nations and history , opera costumes , specially designed and made for opera performances with aesthetic appreciation as the main purpose , were gradually formed and thus pos-sessed an individual artistic character from the Yuan Dynasty .%审美愉悦是戏曲服饰最主要的功能和目的。戏曲服饰的审美功能的形成并非一蹴而就,而是有一个漫长的历史演变过程,是普通的民间服饰和宫廷服饰逐渐艺术化的结果。现实生活服饰的出现,不仅为服饰的艺术化提供了可能,也为以审美愉悦为主要功能的戏曲服饰产生,提供了赖以生存的物质基础。戏曲艺术的形成,为戏曲艺术服饰的出现提供了借以附丽的“骨架”。戏曲服饰伴随着宋元杂剧出现而出现。戏曲服饰源于现实生活服饰而又高于现实生活服饰。它通过对横向不同区域民族服饰的广采博纳和纵向历史服饰的继承、吸收,“杂取种种,合而为一”,逐渐形成了以审美为主要目的、专门为戏曲演出而设计和制作的服饰,使戏曲演出服饰从元代始拥有了独立的艺术品格。

  5. A STUDY ON THE DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF CLOUD SHOULDER OF THE COSTUMES FOR DANCE%在乐舞服饰中探究云肩的发展及运用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晶; 孙虹

    2016-01-01

    Cloud shoulder, as a traditional art in China living fossil, is rich of deep social and spiritual culture. It not only express the traditional Chinese culture with a kind of silent artistic language to the people, also helps the "nature and humanity" thinking deeply rooted in people's ideology. This article wil start from the cloud shoulder of hostess playactor wear, combined with the background of the history of cloud shoulder back to do a simple introduction, and mainly in the development of dance costumes to explore the use of cloud shoulder and the moral.%云肩,作为我国民族传统艺术活化石,富含深邃的社会与精神文化,不仅把中国传统的文化用一种无声的艺术语言传递给人们,还把“天人合一”的思想深深地扎根于人们的思想意识之中。本文将从舞女伶人佩戴的云肩着手研究,结合时代背景对云肩的历史溯源作简单介绍,并着重在乐舞服饰的发展中探究云肩的运用及寓意。

  6. Development Trend of National Costumes under the Penetration of Market Economy%市场经济渗透下的民族服饰发展趋向之思考--以贵州六枝特区梭戛苗族为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安丽哲

    2015-01-01

    Small-scale peasant economy has a thousand years of history in China. Even now, small-scale peasant economy still exists in some remote areas in China, and their culture based on it has been perfectly reserved. In the process of global integration, market economy has been permeating various ethnic minority areas in our country, which becomes an important factor affecting the development of national costumes. Based on the investigation, national costume in Guizhou Suoga has become a festival costume instead of a daily dress. Its original practical characteristics gradually disappear, and only the decorative and symbolic features exist.%小农经济在中国有着数千年的历史,即便现在,部分偏远民族地区仍存在以家庭为单位的男耕女织、自给自足的小农经济生产方式,而以此生活方式为土壤的各种传统文化事项仍然保存完好。在全球一体化进程中,市场经济意识逐渐渗透到这些地区,成为影响民族服饰发展的一个重要因素。考察发现,市场化背景下,梭戛苗族服饰的发展趋势已由传统的日常民族服饰过渡到节日服饰,原有的实用性特征逐渐消失,只剩下审美艺术性与符号性的特征。

  7. 民族服饰的固态保护与活态传承——以浙江景宁畲族为例%Study on the solid protection and live inheritance of ethnic costume: take a case of She nationality in Jingning Zhejiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈敬玉

    2011-01-01

    Starting with the analysis of the materiality and immateriality of ethnic culture, and taking a case of She nationality in Jingning autonomous county, this paper analyzes the shock to ethnic costume which emerged by development of economic and contemporary social cultural. Then it describes the phenomenon of dissimilation and mixture in today's ethnic costume, and gives new view of solid-protection and live-inheritance.%从民族服饰的物质性与非物质性分析入手,以浙江景宁畲族自治县为例分析了当代社会经济文化发展对民族服饰产生的冲击,指出民族服饰发展现状中出现的异化与杂糅现象,以及面临的服饰生态环境流失问题,进而提出了民族服饰物质性的固态保护和非物质性的活态传承的观点.

  8. 唐代平民男子的服饰与生存状态初探——以唐墓壁画为例的考察%A Preliminary Probe into the Costumes and Living Conditions of Male Civilians in the Tang Dynasty——With the Frescos in Tang Tombs for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纳春英

    2011-01-01

    The frescos along the tomb passages show that the costumes for male civilians in the Tang dynasty included those for the head,for the body and for the feet.They were usually made of sackcloth or felt.These costumes,compared with those of the contemporary nobility,were simple in style and poor in quality,which meant that the civilians still led a hard life even during the heydays of the Tang dynasty,one of the most prosperous in China's history.%从墓道壁画所反映的情况来看,唐代平民男子的服饰主要有:首服、身服、足服三大部分。材质主要有:麻、罽(毡、裘)等。这些服饰与同期的贵族相较,款式简单、轻便,材质简陋。说明唐代平民男子即使身处盛世仍生存艰难。

  9. Group X

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fields, Susannah

    2007-08-16

    This project is currently under contract for research through the Department of Homeland Security until 2011. The group I was responsible for studying has to remain confidential so as not to affect the current project. All dates, reference links and authors, and other distinguishing characteristics of the original group have been removed from this report. All references to the name of this group or the individual splinter groups has been changed to 'Group X'. I have been collecting texts from a variety of sources intended for the use of recruiting and radicalizing members for Group X splinter groups for the purpose of researching the motivation and intent of leaders of those groups and their influence over the likelihood of group radicalization. This work included visiting many Group X websites to find information on splinter group leaders and finding their statements to new and old members. This proved difficult because the splinter groups of Group X are united in beliefs, but differ in public opinion. They are eager to tear each other down, prove their superiority, and yet remain anonymous. After a few weeks of intense searching, a list of eight recruiting texts and eight radicalizing texts from a variety of Group X leaders were compiled.

  10. Group morphology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roerdink, Jos B.T.M.

    2000-01-01

    In its original form, mathematical morphology is a theory of binary image transformations which are invariant under the group of Euclidean translations. This paper surveys and extends constructions of morphological operators which are invariant under a more general group TT, such as the motion group

  11. Group devaluation and group identification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leach, C.W.; Rodriguez Mosquera, P.M.; Vliek, M.L.W.; Hirt, E.

    2010-01-01

    In three studies, we showed that increased in-group identification after (perceived or actual) group devaluation is an assertion of a (preexisting) positive social identity that counters the negative social identity implied in societal devaluation. Two studies with real-world groups used order manip

  12. Algebraic Groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2007-01-01

    The workshop continued a series of Oberwolfach meetings on algebraic groups, started in 1971 by Tonny Springer and Jacques Tits who both attended the present conference. This time, the organizers were Michel Brion, Jens Carsten Jantzen, and Raphaël Rouquier. During the last years, the subject...... of algebraic groups (in a broad sense) has seen important developments in several directions, also related to representation theory and algebraic geometry. The workshop aimed at presenting some of these developments in order to make them accessible to a "general audience" of algebraic group......-theorists, and to stimulate contacts between participants. Each of the first four days was dedicated to one area of research that has recently seen decisive progress: \\begin{itemize} \\item structure and classification of wonderful varieties, \\item finite reductive groups and character sheaves, \\item quantum cohomology...

  13. Group Grammar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Karen

    2015-01-01

    In this article Karen Adams demonstrates how to incorporate group grammar techniques into a classroom activity. In the activity, students practice using the target grammar to do something they naturally enjoy: learning about each other.

  14. MUYANG GROUP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ With its headquarters in the historic city of Yangzhou,Jiangsu Muyang Group Co.,Ltd has since its founding in 1967 grown into a well-known group corporation whose activities cover research&development.project design,manufacturing,installation and services in a multitude of industries including feed machinery and engineering,storage engineering,grain machinery and engineering,environmental protection,conveying equipment and automatic control systems.

  15. Abelian groups

    CERN Document Server

    Fuchs, László

    2015-01-01

    Written by one of the subject’s foremost experts, this book focuses on the central developments and modern methods of the advanced theory of abelian groups, while remaining accessible, as an introduction and reference, to the non-specialist. It provides a coherent source for results scattered throughout the research literature with lots of new proofs. The presentation highlights major trends that have radically changed the modern character of the subject, in particular, the use of homological methods in the structure theory of various classes of abelian groups, and the use of advanced set-theoretical methods in the study of undecidability problems. The treatment of the latter trend includes Shelah’s seminal work on the undecidability in ZFC of Whitehead’s Problem; while the treatment of the former trend includes an extensive (but non-exhaustive) study of p-groups, torsion-free groups, mixed groups, and important classes of groups arising from ring theory. To prepare the reader to tackle these topics, th...

  16. Classification of the most requested drugs in a pharmaceutical costumer service Classificação dos fármacos mais solicitados em um serviço de atendimento farmacêutico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Márcio Machado Batista

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To verify and classify the information profile provided to costumers that have used a Drug Information Center (DIC SAC Farma Pague Menos, installed on a drugstore chain in the state of Ceará - Brazil, from January to December 2005. Materials and Methods: All data used in the study were obtained from a pharmaceutical information data bank through the software Tactium Management, developed by the company Softium. This tool is able to efficiently store and sort the data needed to perform this kind of study. Results: The most requested drug information during the study period was the Diclofenac, with 5.08% among all information provided, followed by Acetaminophen with 4.53% and Levonorgest with 3.51% of the total. The level A has been the most requested level of ATC classification with 16.58% of the total, followed by levels N and G with 15.55% and 14.97%, respectively. On the second level of the ATC classification, G03 was the most requested with 13.29% of the total. Conclusions: The study showed that Diclofenac was the drug most requested for information and that the classes of sex hormones, systemic anti-infective agents, anti-inflammatory and anti-rheumatic products were the most recorded by ATC classification.Objetivo: Verificar e classificar o perfil das informações prestadas aos usuários atendidos por um Centro de Informações sobre Medicamentos (CIM SAC Farma Pague Menos, instalado em uma rede de farmácias do Ceará - Brasil, no período de janeiro a dezembro de 2005. Materiais e Métodos: Os dados foram obtidos do banco de dados de informações farmacêuticas através do software Tactium Managment® 2005, desenvolvido pela Softium com capacidade para gerar um banco de dados capaz de catalogar informações de forma eficiente ao desenvolvimento da pesquisa. Resultados: O fármaco mais solicitado durante o período de estudo foi o Diclofenaco (5,08%, seguido do Paracetamol (4,53% e o Levonorgestrel (3,51%. O 1º Nível da

  17. Group Anonymity

    CERN Document Server

    Chertov, Oleg; 10.1007/978-3-642-14058-7_61

    2010-01-01

    In recent years the amount of digital data in the world has risen immensely. But, the more information exists, the greater is the possibility of its unwanted disclosure. Thus, the data privacy protection has become a pressing problem of the present time. The task of individual privacy-preserving is being thoroughly studied nowadays. At the same time, the problem of statistical disclosure control for collective (or group) data is still open. In this paper we propose an effective and relatively simple (wavelet-based) way to provide group anonymity in collective data. We also provide a real-life example to illustrate the method.

  18. Informal groups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. van den Berg; P. van Houwelingen; J. de Hart

    2011-01-01

    Original title: Informele groepen Going out running with a group of friends, rather than joining an official sports club. Individuals who decide to take action themselves rather than giving money to good causes. Maintaining contact with others not as a member of an association, but through an Inter

  19. COMMUNICATIONS GROUP

    CERN Multimedia

    L. Taylor

    2011-01-01

    The CMS Communications Group, established at the start of 2010, has been busy in all three areas of its responsibility: (1) Communications Infrastructure, (2) Information Systems, and (3) Outreach and Education. Communications Infrastructure There are now 55 CMS Centres worldwide that are well used by physicists working on remote CMS shifts, Computing operations, data quality monitoring, data analysis and outreach. The CMS Centre@CERN in Meyrin, is the centre of the CMS offline and computing operations, hosting dedicated analysis efforts such as during the CMS Heavy Ion lead-lead running. With a majority of CMS sub-detectors now operating in a “shifterless” mode, many monitoring operations are now routinely performed from there, rather than in the main Control Room at P5. The CMS Communications Group, CERN IT and the EVO team are providing excellent videoconferencing support for the rapidly-increasing number of CMS meetings. In parallel, CERN IT and ...

  20. Lego Group

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller Larsen, Marcus; Pedersen, Torben; Slepniov, Dmitrij

    2010-01-01

    The last years’ rather adventurous journey from 2004 to 2009 had taught the fifth-largest toy-maker in the world - the LEGO Group - the importance of managing the global supply chain effectively. In order to survive the largest internal financial crisis in its roughly 70 years of existence......, the management had, among many initiatives, decided to offshore and outsource a major chunk of its production to Flextronics. In this pursuit of rapid cost-cutting sourcing advantages, the LEGO Group planned to license out as much as 80 per cent of its production besides closing down major parts...... of the production in high cost countries. Confident with the prospects of the new partnership, the company signed a long-term contract with Flextronics. This decision eventually proved itself to have been too hasty, however. Merely three years after the contracts were signed, LEGO management announced that it would...

  1. Group play

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tychsen, Anders; Hitchens, Michael; Brolund, Thea

    2008-01-01

    of group dynamics, the influence of the fictional game characters and the comparative play experience between the two formats. The results indicate that group dynamics and the relationship between the players and their digital characters, are integral to the quality of the gaming experience in multiplayer......Role-playing games (RPGs) are a well-known game form, existing in a number of formats, including tabletop, live action, and various digital forms. Despite their popularity, empirical studies of these games are relatively rare. In particular there have been few examinations of the effects...... of the various formats used by RPGs on the gaming experience. This article presents the results of an empirical study, examining how multi-player tabletop RPGs are affected as they are ported to the digital medium. Issues examined include the use of disposition assessments to predict play experience, the effect...

  2. Group Connections: Whole Group Teaching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, Dorothy

    2002-01-01

    A learner-centered approach to adult group instruction involved learners in investigating 20th-century events. The approach allowed learners to concentrate on different activities according to their abilities and gave them opportunities to develop basic skills and practice teamwork. (SK)

  3. COMMUNICATIONS GROUP

    CERN Multimedia

    L. Taylor

    2011-01-01

    The CMS Communications Group has been busy in all three areas of its responsibility: (1) Communications Infrastructure, (2) Information Systems, and (3) Outreach and Education. Communications Infrastructure The 55 CMS Centres worldwide are well used by physicists working on remote CMS shifts, Computing operations, data quality monitoring, data analysis and outreach. The CMS Centre@CERN in Meyrin, is the centre of the CMS Offline and Computing operations, and a number of subdetector shifts can now take place there, rather than in the main Control Room at P5. A new CMS meeting room has been equipped for videoconferencing in building 42, next to building 40. Our building 28 meeting room and the facilities at P5 will be refurbished soon and plans are underway to steadily upgrade the ageing equipment in all 15 CMS meeting rooms at CERN. The CMS evaluation of the Vidyo tool indicates that it is not yet ready to be considered as a potential replacement for EVO. The Communications Group provides the CMS-TV (web) cha...

  4. COMMUNICATIONS GROUP

    CERN Multimedia

    L. Taylor

    2010-01-01

    The CMS Communications Group, established at the start of 2010, has been strengthening the activities in all three areas of its responsibility: (1) Communications Infrastructure, (2) Information Systems, and (3) Outreach and Education. Communications Infrastructure The Communications Group has invested a lot of effort to support the operations needs of CMS. Hence, the CMS Centres where physicists work on remote CMS shifts, Data Quality Monitoring, and Data Analysis are running very smoothly. There are now 55 CMS Centres worldwide, up from just 16 at the start of CMS data-taking. The latest to join are Imperial College London, the University of Iowa, and the Università di Napoli. The CMS Centre@CERN in Meyrin, which is now full repaired after the major flooding at the beginning of the year, has been at the centre of CMS offline and computing operations, most recently hosting a large fraction of the CMS Heavy Ion community during the lead-lead run. A number of sub-detector shifts can now take pla...

  5. COMMUNICATIONS GROUP

    CERN Multimedia

    L. Taylor

    2011-01-01

    Communications Infrastructure The 55 CMS Centres worldwide are well used by physicists working on remote CMS shifts, Computing operations, data quality monitoring, data analysis and outreach. The CMS Centre@CERN in Meyrin is particularly busy at the moment, hosting about 50 physicists taking part in the heavy-ion data-taking and analysis. Three new CMS meeting room will be equipped for videoconferencing in early 2012: 40/5B-08, 42/R-031, and 28/S-029. The CMS-TV service showing LHC Page 1, CMS Page 1, etc. (http://cmsdoc.cern.ch/cmscc/projector/index.jsp) is now also available for mobile devices: http://cern.ch/mcmstv. Figure 12: Screenshots of CMS-TV for mobile devices Information Systems CMS has a new web site: (http://cern.ch/cms) using a modern web Content Management System to ensure content and links are managed and updated easily and coherently. It covers all CMS sub-projects and groups, replacing the iCMS internal pages. It also incorporates the existing CMS public web site (http:/...

  6. COMMUNICATIONS GROUP

    CERN Multimedia

    L. Taylor

    2012-01-01

      Outreach and Education We are fortunate that our research has captured the public imagination, even though this inevitably puts us under the global media spotlight, as we saw with the Higgs seminar at CERN in December, which had 110,000 distinct webcast viewers. The media interest was huge with 71 media organisations registering to come to CERN to cover the Higgs seminar, which was followed by a press briefing with the DG and Spokespersons. This event resulted in about 2,000 generally positive stories in the global media. For this seminar, the CMS Communications Group prepared up-to-date news and public material, including links to the CMS results, animations and event displays [http://cern.ch/go/Ch8thttp://cern.ch/go/Ch8t]. There were 44,000 page-views on the CMS public website, with the Higgs news article being by far the most popular item. CMS event displays from iSpy are fast becoming the iconic media images, featuring on numerous major news outlets (BBC, CNN, MSN...) as well as in the sci...

  7. COMMUNICATIONS GROUP

    CERN Multimedia

    L. Taylor

    2010-01-01

    The recently established CMS Communications Group, led by Lucas Taylor, has been busy in all three of its main are areas of responsibility: Communications Infrastructure, Information Systems, and Outreach and Education Communications Infrastructure The damage caused by the flooding of the CMS Centre@CERN on 21st December has been completely repaired and all systems are back in operation. Major repairs were made to the roofs, ceilings and one third of the floor had to be completely replaced. Throughout these works, the CMS Centre was kept operating and even hosted a major press event for first 7 TeV collisions, as described below. Incremental work behind the scenes is steadily improving the quality of the CMS communications infrastructure, particularly Webcasting, video conferencing, and meeting rooms at CERN. CERN/IT is also deploying a pilot service of a new videoconference tool called Vidyo, to assess whether it might provide an enhanced service at a lower cost, compared to the EVO tool currently in w...

  8. Research on Slit Shape and Structure of Modern Folk Costume--Take Related Folk Dress Stored in Jiangnan University Museum as an Example%近代民间服装的开衩形制与结构研究--以江南大学民间服饰传习馆相关馆藏为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段小萌; 张竞琼

    2014-01-01

    This article takes the modern folk costume stored in Jiangnan University museum of folk dress as study object, to select slit process in the folk dresses as the detailed study, and analyze the slit shape, structure and decoration process. Through the study and analysis on slit position, length, shape of edge decoration and the slit difference between straight pendulum and circular pendulum, slit structure and technology, we could conclude that most of the modern folk dress slits on both sides of clothing herm, the coat slit height is relatively close, but the contrast is bigger for slit height of Chi-Pao in different regions, and the slit edge decoration also went through a process from complexity to simplicity. Hereby we can summarize that the slit shape features and inner structure for modern folk costume finally.%以江南大学民间传习馆中的近代民间服装作为研究对象,重点选取民间服装中的开衩进行研究,分析其形制、结构与装饰工艺。通过对开衩的位置、长短、缘边装饰的形制研究,以及直摆开衩和圆摆开衩上的区别、开衩的结构与工艺等方面的研究,分析结果表明,近代民间服装多在下摆两侧缝处开衩,各个地区袄开衩高度较为近似,旗袍开衩高度反差较大,开衩缘边装饰也经历了由繁变简的过程。以此来总结归纳近代民间服装开衩的形制特点和内在结构。

  9. From mapping class groups to automorphism groups of free groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahl, Nathalie

    2005-01-01

    We show that the natural map from the mapping class groups of surfaces to the automorphism groups of free groups, induces an infinite loop map on the classifying spaces of the stable groups after plus construction. The proof uses automorphisms of free groups with boundaries which play the role...... of mapping class groups of surfaces with several boundary components....

  10. The Light of Faith Reflected by Yao Costumes:A Case Study of Du’an Yao Nationality in Guangxi%瑶族服饰折射的信仰之光--以广西都安县布努瑶为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何季玲

    2014-01-01

    以广西都安县布努瑶为对象,在前人研究的基础上,运用民俗学等多学科理论对瑶族织绣图案进行描述和分析,探讨了古老瑶族的民间信仰在服饰上的各种体现,对以瑶族服饰为代表的瑶族文化的传承和发扬具有现实意义,同时具有重要学术价值。%Taking Bunuyao nationality as the object,on the basis of previous studies and by employing multidisciplinary theories,this paper has described and analyzed the dress of Yao nationality with distinctive cultural features,exploring the old Yao folk beliefs reflected in costumes of Yao nationality,which is of great academic value and has practical significance to the Yao’s cultural heritage and develop-ment.

  11. Integrated Groups and Smooth Distribution Groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pedro J. MIANA

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we prove directly that α-times integrated groups define algebra homo-morphisms. We also give a theorem of equivalence between smooth distribution groups and α-times integrated groups.

  12. Group typicality, group loyalty and cognitive development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Meagan M

    2014-09-01

    Over the course of childhood, children's thinking about social groups changes in a variety of ways. Developmental Subjective Group Dynamics (DSGD) theory emphasizes children's understanding of the importance of conforming to group norms. Abrams et al.'s study, which uses DSGD theory as a framework, demonstrates the social cognitive skills underlying young elementary school children's thinking about group norms. Future research on children's thinking about groups and group norms should explore additional elements of this topic, including aspects of typicality beyond loyalty.

  13. Which finite simple groups are unit groups?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Davis, Christopher James; Occhipinti, Tommy

    2014-01-01

    We prove that if G is a finite simple group which is the unit group of a ring, then G is isomorphic to either (a) a cyclic group of order 2; (b) a cyclic group of prime order 2^k −1 for some k; or (c) a projective special linear group PSLn(F2) for some n ≥ 3. Moreover, these groups do all occur...

  14. Group Cohesion in Experiential Growth Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steen, Sam; Vasserman-Stokes, Elaina; Vannatta, Rachel

    2014-01-01

    This article explores the effect of web-based journaling on changes in group cohesion within experiential growth groups. Master's students were divided into 2 groups. Both used a web-based platform to journal after each session; however, only 1 of the groups was able to read each other's journals. Quantitative data collected before and…

  15. Group Work Publication-1991.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimpfer, David G.

    1992-01-01

    Lists 21 new publications in group work, of which 9 are reviewed. Those discussed include publications on group counseling and psychotherapy, structured groups, support groups, psychodrama, and social group work. (Author/NB)

  16. Group theories: relevance to group safety studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benevento, A L

    1998-01-01

    Promoting safety in the workplace has been attempted in a variety of ways. Increasingly, industries are using groups such as safety teams and quality circles to promote worker safety. Group influences on individual behavior and attitudes have long been studied in the social psychology literature, but the theories have not been commonly found outside the psychology arena. This paper describes the group theories of group polarization, risky shift, social loafing, groupthink and team think and attempts to apply these theories to existing studies that examine work group influences on safety. Interesting parallels were found but only one study examined group influences as their primary focus of research. Since groups are increasingly used for safety promotion, future research on safety that studies group influences with respect to current group theories is recommended.

  17. Magnetic translation groups as group extension

    OpenAIRE

    Florek, Wojciech

    1998-01-01

    Extensions of a direct product T of two cyclic groups Z_n1 and Z_n2 by an Abelian (gauge) group G with the trivial action of T on G are considered. All possible (nonequivalent) factor systems are determined using the Mac Lane method. Some of resulting groups describe magnetic translation groups. As examples extensions with G=U(1) and G=Z_n are considered and discussed.

  18. Group Dynamic Processes in Email Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alpay, Esat

    2005-01-01

    Discussion is given on the relevance of group dynamic processes in promoting decision-making in email discussion groups. General theories on social facilitation and social loafing are considered in the context of email groups, as well as the applicability of psychodynamic and interaction-based models. It is argued that such theories may indeed…

  19. Interagency mechanical operations group numerical systems group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-09-01

    This report consists of the minutes of the May 20-21, 1971 meeting of the Interagency Mechanical Operations Group (IMOG) Numerical Systems Group. This group looks at issues related to numerical control in the machining industry. Items discussed related to the use of CAD and CAM, EIA standards, data links, and numerical control.

  20. AREVA group overview; Presentation du groupe AREVA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-08

    This document presents the Group Areva, a world nuclear industry leader, from a financial holding company to an industrial group, operating in two businesses: the nuclear energy and the components. The structure and the market of the group are discussed, as the financial assets. (A.L.B.)

  1. A Primary Exploration on the Systemization of Information of the Cultural Resources of Bulang Ethnic Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Caiwen; LIANG Rui

    2014-01-01

    heritage resources: The first is whether or not the cultural heritage resources could be “systematized”” or digitized using present tech-niques; the second is whether or not the cultural heritage has the value to be “systemematized” or digitized . For the purpose of systematizing the management of the resource and information of the ethnic cultural resources , doing a digital collection of cultural resources is the first step .Then , after making an assessment of the value of the ethnic cultural resources , we should adopt different “sys-tematized information resource management ” tech-niques with regard to the different types of re-sources. Taking the systematized management of “Bu-lang singing with playing stringed instruments tra-dition” as an example , in addition to the digitiza-tion of the melodic text of the folk song , the related cultural space , the inheritors , musical instru-ments, other objects (such as costume, other arti-cles for use ) should also be protected through digi-tization .The digitization of “Bulang ’ s singing with playing stringed instruments” should be done on several levels .The first level is the digitization of text;the second is the digitization of image;the third is the building of a three -dimensional im-age;and the fourth is making virtual products . Ethnic culture is not only a representation of the ethnic spiritual world , but is also a crystalliza-tion of material culture and spiritual culture created by the ethnic group .This discussion of the digiti-zation of the cultural resources of the Bulang , an ethnic group with a small population , can provide some experience and reference for the protection and transmission of China ’ s ethnic cultures .

  2. About group digital signatures

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Adriana Cristina Enache

    2012-01-01

    ...).A group digital signature is a digital signature with enhanced privacy features that allows members of a given group to anonymously sign messages on behalf of the group, producing a group signature...

  3. Introduction to Sporadic Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis J. Boya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This is an introduction to finite simple groups, in particular sporadic groups, intended for physicists. After a short review of group theory, we enumerate the 1+1+16=18 families of finite simple groups, as an introduction to the sporadic groups. These are described next, in three levels of increasing complexity, plus the six isolated ''pariah'' groups. The (old five Mathieu groups make up the first, smallest order level. The seven groups related to the Leech lattice, including the three Conway groups, constitute the second level. The third and highest level contains the Monster group M, plus seven other related groups. Next a brief mention is made of the remaining six pariah groups, thus completing the 5+7+8+6=26 sporadic groups. The review ends up with a brief discussion of a few of physical applications of finite groups in physics, including a couple of recent examples which use sporadic groups.

  4. Group Work: How to Use Groups Effectively

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, Alison

    2011-01-01

    Many students cringe and groan when told that they will need to work in a group. However, group work has been found to be good for students and good for teachers. Employers want college graduates to have developed teamwork skills. Additionally, students who participate in collaborative learning get better grades, are more satisfied with their…

  5. Humanization Design Concept under the Influence of Preschool Children inCostume Design%人性化设计理念影响下的学龄前儿童服装设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王开玲

    2015-01-01

    儿童属于弱势群体,服装对儿童的意义不能简单的用成人的概念去定义。通过直接的观察、间接的访谈了解儿童的特点,从环保安全、简朴便利、童真童趣、耐用性能等方面总结了童装人性化设计的途径。%Children belonging to vulnerable groups. The meaning of clothing for children can not simply to deifne the concept of adult. Through direct observation and indirect interviews to understand the characteristic of children. From environmentally safe.simpleand convenient.childlike innocence.durability summarizes the way of humanized design of children's wear.

  6. Small Group Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrath, Joseph E.

    1978-01-01

    Summarizes research on small group processes by giving a comprehensive account of the types of variables primarily studied in the laboratory. These include group structure, group composition, group size, and group relations. Considers effects of power, leadership, conformity to social norms, and role relationships. (Author/AV)

  7. Free Boolean Topological Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ol’ga Sipacheva

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Known and new results on free Boolean topological groups are collected. An account of the properties that these groups share with free or free Abelian topological groups and properties specific to free Boolean groups is given. Special emphasis is placed on the application of set-theoretic methods to the study of Boolean topological groups.

  8. MSUD Family Support Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Group The MSUD Family Support Group is a non-profit 501 (c)(3) organization for those with MSUD ... Family Support Group is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization with no paid staff. Funds are needed ...

  9. Profinite graphs and groups

    CERN Document Server

    Ribes, Luis

    2017-01-01

    This book offers a detailed introduction to graph theoretic methods in profinite groups and applications to abstract groups. It is the first to provide a comprehensive treatment of the subject. The author begins by carefully developing relevant notions in topology, profinite groups and homology, including free products of profinite groups, cohomological methods in profinite groups, and fixed points of automorphisms of free pro-p groups. The final part of the book is dedicated to applications of the profinite theory to abstract groups, with sections on finitely generated subgroups of free groups, separability conditions in free and amalgamated products, and algorithms in free groups and finite monoids. Profinite Graphs and Groups will appeal to students and researchers interested in profinite groups, geometric group theory, graphs and connections with the theory of formal languages. A complete reference on the subject, the book includes historical and bibliographical notes as well as a discussion of open quest...

  10. Homomorphisms of quantum groups

    CERN Document Server

    Meyer, Ralf; Woronowicz, Stanisław Lech

    2010-01-01

    We introduce some equivalent notions of homomorphisms between quantum groups that behave well with respect to duality of quantum groups. Our equivalent definitions are based on bicharacters, coactions, and universal quantum groups, respectively.

  11. Food Groups Recipes

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    15 pages In 2011, My Plate replaced the Food Pyramid as a visual representation for the USDA Dietary Guidelines. This publication, a group of recipes based on this new division of food groups, reflects the effort of the USDA and other groups to translate science-based research into everyday practice for Americans. Fifteen recipes (3 from each food group) show ways to use foods from each food group. They are complete with basic nutritional analyses and food group amounts.

  12. Locally minimal topological groups

    OpenAIRE

    Außenhofer, Lydia; Chasco, María Jesús; Dikranjan, Dikran; Domínguez, Xabier

    2009-01-01

    A Hausdorff topological group $(G,\\tau)$ is called locally minimal if there exists a neighborhood $U$ of 0 in $\\tau$ such that $U$ fails to be a neighborhood of zero in any Hausdorff group topology on $G$ which is strictly coarser than $\\tau.$ Examples of locally minimal groups are all subgroups of Banach-Lie groups, all locally compact groups and all minimal groups. Motivated by the fact that locally compact NSS groups are Lie groups, we study the connection between local minimality and the ...

  13. GROUP PROFILE Computer Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrey V. Sidorenkov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This article contains a description of the structure, the software and functional capabilities, and the scope and purposes of application of the Group Profile (GP computer technique. This technique rests on a conceptual basis (the microgroup theory, includes 16 new and modified questionnaires, and a unique algorithm, tied to the questionnaires, for identification of informal groups. The GP yields a wide range of data about the group as a whole (47 indices, each informal group (43 indices, and each group member (16 indices. The GP technique can be used to study different types of groups: production (work groups, design teams, military units, etc., academic (school classes, student groups, and sports.

  14. Differences between Urban and Rural Students' Costume Consumption--A Case Study of Z City Middle School%城乡家庭中学生服装消费差异分析--以Z市中学为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟青青

    2014-01-01

    The students from the same school of urban and rural households in clothing consumption levels, consumer bran-ds in apparel, in the pursuit of fashion apparel, choose to buy clothes in places and there are obvious differences. This differ-ence will produce unhealthy clothing consumer psychology in high school students groups. Clothing consumption of un-healthy personality psychology Students will affect growth and academic performance. School uniforms, high school stu-dents not only help eliminate unhealthy clothing consumer psychology and form a good clothing consumption;but also helps high school students to concentrate on their studies, develop vulgarity, equal treatment of personality.%同一所学校的来自城乡家庭的中学生在服装消费水平、在服装品牌消费、在追求服装时尚、在选择购买服装场所等方面都存在明显差异。这种差异会在中学生群体中产生不健康的服装消费心理。不健康的服装消费心理会影响中学生的人格成长和学业成绩。学校统一制服,不仅利于消除中学生不健康的服装消费心理和形成良好的服装消费方式,而且利于中学生专心学业,养成超凡脱俗的、平等待人的人格。

  15. Ordered groups and infinite permutation groups

    CERN Document Server

    1996-01-01

    The subjects of ordered groups and of infinite permutation groups have long en­ joyed a symbiotic relationship. Although the two subjects come from very different sources, they have in certain ways come together, and each has derived considerable benefit from the other. My own personal contact with this interaction began in 1961. I had done Ph. D. work on sequence convergence in totally ordered groups under the direction of Paul Conrad. In the process, I had encountered "pseudo-convergent" sequences in an ordered group G, which are like Cauchy sequences, except that the differences be­ tween terms of large index approach not 0 but a convex subgroup G of G. If G is normal, then such sequences are conveniently described as Cauchy sequences in the quotient ordered group GIG. If G is not normal, of course GIG has no group structure, though it is still a totally ordered set. The best that can be said is that the elements of G permute GIG in an order-preserving fashion. In independent investigations around that t...

  16. Communication in Organizational Groups

    OpenAIRE

    Monica RADU

    2007-01-01

    Organizational group can be defined as some persons between who exist interactive connections (functional, communication, affective, normative type). Classification of these groups can reflect the dimension, type of relationship or type of rules included. Organizational groups and their influence over the individual efficiency and the efficiency of the entire group are interconnected. Spontaneous roles in these groups sustain the structure of the relationship, and the personality of each indi...

  17. Group Psychotherapy in Iceland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ívarsson, Ómar

    2015-10-01

    In this overview of group psychotherapy in Iceland, an attempt will be made to describe how it is practiced today, give some glimpses into its earlier history, and clarify seven issues: (1) the standing of group psychotherapy in Iceland, its previous history, and the theoretical orientation of dynamic group therapy in the country; (2) the role of group therapy in the health care system; (3) how training in group therapy is organized; (4) the relationship between group psychotherapy research and clinical practice; (5) which issues/processes can be identified as unique to therapy groups in Iceland; and (6) how important are group-related issues within the social background of the country; and (7) what group work holds for the future.

  18. Locally minimal topological groups

    CERN Document Server

    enhofer, Lydia Au\\ss; Dikranjan, Dikran; Domínguez, Xabier

    2009-01-01

    A Hausdorff topological group $(G,\\tau)$ is called locally minimal if there exists a neighborhood $U$ of 0 in $\\tau$ such that $U$ fails to be a neighborhood of zero in any Hausdorff group topology on $G$ which is strictly coarser than $\\tau.$ Examples of locally minimal groups are all subgroups of Banach-Lie groups, all locally compact groups and all minimal groups. Motivated by the fact that locally compact NSS groups are Lie groups, we study the connection between local minimality and the NSS property, establishing that under certain conditions, locally minimal NSS groups are metrizable. A symmetric subset of an abelian group containing zero is said to be a GTG set if it generates a group topology in an analogous way as convex and symmetric subsets are unit balls for pseudonorms on a vector space. We consider topological groups which have a neighborhood basis at zero consisting of GTG sets. Examples of these locally GTG groups are: locally pseudo--convex spaces, groups uniformly free from small subgroups (...

  19. Higher arithmetic Chow groups

    CERN Document Server

    Gil, J I Burgos

    2009-01-01

    We give a new construction of higher arithmetic Chow groups for quasi-projective arithmetic varieties over a field. Our definition agrees with the higher arithmetic Chow groups defined by Goncharov for projective arithmetic varieties over a field. These groups are the analogue, in the Arakelov context, of the higher algebraic Chow groups defined by Bloch. The degree zero group agrees with the arithmetic Chow groups of Burgos. Our new construction is shown to be a contravariant functor and is endowed with a product structure, which is commutative and associative.

  20. Working with Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Joan, Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Describes nine Canadian programs for counseling groups of students. Topics include introducing computer-assisted guidance, future challenges for counselors, sociometry, sexuality, parent counseling, reluctant students, shyness, peer groups, education for living, and guidance advisory committees. (JAC)

  1. Gestalt Interactional Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harman, Robert L.; Franklin, Richard W.

    1975-01-01

    Gestalt therapy in groups is not limited to individual work in the presence of an audience. Describes several ways to involve gestalt groups interactionally. Interactions described focus on learning by doing and discovering, and are noninterpretive. (Author/EJT)

  2. Group B streptococcus - pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000511.htm Group B streptococcus - pregnancy To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Group B streptococcus (GBS) is a type of bacteria that ...

  3. Group Decision Process Support

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gøtze, John; Hijikata, Masao

    1997-01-01

    Introducing the notion of Group Decision Process Support Systems (GDPSS) to traditional decision-support theorists.......Introducing the notion of Group Decision Process Support Systems (GDPSS) to traditional decision-support theorists....

  4. About group digital signatures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Cristina Enache

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available

    Group signatures try to combine security (no framing, no cheating and privacy(anonymity, unlinkability.A group digital signature is a digital signature with enhanced privacy features that allows members of a given group to anonymously sign messages on behalf of the group, producing a group signature. However, in the case of dispute the identity of the signature's originator can be revealed by a designated entity (group manager. The present paper describes the main concepts about group signatures, along with a brief state of the art and shows a personal cryptographic library implemented in Java that includes two group signatures.

  5. Fast Overlapping Group Lasso

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Jun

    2010-01-01

    The group Lasso is an extension of the Lasso for feature selection on (predefined) non-overlapping groups of features. The non-overlapping group structure limits its applicability in practice. There have been several recent attempts to study a more general formulation, where groups of features are given, potentially with overlaps between the groups. The resulting optimization is, however, much more challenging to solve due to the group overlaps. In this paper, we consider the efficient optimization of the overlapping group Lasso penalized problem. We reveal several key properties of the proximal operator associated with the overlapping group Lasso, and compute the proximal operator by solving the smooth and convex dual problem, which allows the use of the gradient descent type of algorithms for the optimization. We have performed empirical evaluations using the breast cancer gene expression data set, which consists of 8,141 genes organized into (overlapping) gene sets. Experimental results demonstrate the eff...

  6. Generalized Group Signature Scheme

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The concept of generalized group signature scheme will bepresent. Based on the generalized secret sharing scheme proposed by Lin and Ha rn, a non-interactive approach is designed for realizing such generalized group signature scheme. Using the new scheme, the authorized subsets of the group in w hich the group member can cooperate to produce the valid signature for any messa ge can be randomly specified

  7. Multicultural group work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Annette Skovsted

    2014-01-01

    Motivation for the activity I use this strategy for forming groups to ensure diverse/multicultural groups that combine a variety of different strengths and resources based on student's academic, disciplinary, linguistic, national, personal and work backgrounds.......Motivation for the activity I use this strategy for forming groups to ensure diverse/multicultural groups that combine a variety of different strengths and resources based on student's academic, disciplinary, linguistic, national, personal and work backgrounds....

  8. Groups, combinatorics and geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Ivanov, A A; Saxl, J

    2003-01-01

    Over the past 20 years, the theory of groups in particular simplegroups, finite and algebraic has influenced a number of diverseareas of mathematics. Such areas include topics where groups have beentraditionally applied, such as algebraic combinatorics, finitegeometries, Galois theory and permutation groups, as well as severalmore recent developments.

  9. Asymmetry within social groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barker, Jessie; Loope, Kevin J.; Reeve, H. Kern

    2016-01-01

    Social animals vary in their ability to compete with group members over shared resources and also vary in their cooperative efforts to produce these resources. Competition among groups can promote within-group cooperation, but many existing models of intergroup cooperation do not explicitly account...

  10. Higher arithmetic Chow groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gil, J. I. Burgos; Feliu, Elisenda

    2012-01-01

    We give a new construction of higher arithmetic Chow groups for quasi-projective arithmetic varieties over a field. Our definition agrees with the higher arithmetic Chow groups defined by Goncharov for projective arithmetic varieties over a field. These groups are the analogue, in the Arakelov co...

  11. Work group diversity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Knippenberg, Daan; Schippers, Michaéla C

    2007-01-01

    Work group diversity, the degree to which there are differences between group members, may affect group process and performance positively as well as negatively. Much is still unclear about the effects of diversity, however. We review the 1997-2005 literature on work group diversity to assess the state of the art and to identify key issues for future research. This review points to the need for more complex conceptualizations of diversity, as well as to the need for more empirical attention to the processes that are assumed to underlie the effects of diversity on group process and performance and to the contingency factors of these processes.

  12. Groups of Circle Diffeomorphisms

    CERN Document Server

    Navas, Andrés

    2011-01-01

    In recent years scholars from a variety of branches of mathematics have made several significant developments in the theory of group actions. Groups of Circle Diffeomorphisms systematically explores group actions on the simplest closed manifold, the circle. As the group of circle diffeomorphisms is an important subject in modern mathematics, this book will be of interest to those doing research in group theory, dynamical systems, low dimensional geometry and topology, and foliation theory. The book is mostly self-contained and also includes numerous complementary exercises, making it an excell

  13. On -nilpotent abelian groups

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mohammad Mehdi Nasrabadi; Ali Gholamian

    2014-11-01

    Let be a group and $A = \\text{Aut}(G)$ be the group of automorphisms of . Then, the element $[g, ] = g^{-1}(g)$ is an autocommutator of $g \\in G$ and $ \\in A$. Hence, for any natural number the -th autocommutator subgroup of is defined as $K_{m}(G)=\\langle [g,_{1},\\ldots,_{m}]|g\\in G,_{1},\\ldots,_{m}\\in A\\rangle$, where $[g, _{1}, _{2},\\ldots, _{m}] = [[g,_{1},\\ldots,_{m−1}], _{m}]$. In this paper, we introduce the new notion of -nilpotent groups and classify all abelian groups which are -nilpotent groups.

  14. CHAOTIC GROUP ACTIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ShiEnhui; ZhouLizhen; ZhouYoucheng

    2003-01-01

    It is proved that there is no chaotic group actions on any topological space with free arc.In this paper the chaotic actions of the group like G×F,where F is a finite group,are studied.In particular,under a suitable assumption ,if F is a cyclic group,then the topological space which admits a chaotic action of Z×F must admit a chatotic homeomorphism.A topological space which admits a chaotic group action but admits no chaotic horneomorphism is constructed.

  15. Grouped exposed metal heaters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vinegar, Harold J [Bellaire, TX; Coit, William George [Bellaire, TX; Griffin, Peter Terry [Brixham, GB; Hamilton, Paul Taylor [Houston, TX; Hsu, Chia-Fu [Granada Hills, CA; Mason, Stanley Leroy [Allen, TX; Samuel, Allan James [Kular Lumpar, ML; Watkins, Ronnie Wade [Cypress, TX

    2012-07-31

    A system for treating a hydrocarbon containing formation is described. The system includes two or more groups of elongated heaters. The group includes two or more heaters placed in two or more openings in the formation. The heaters in the group are electrically coupled below the surface of the formation. The openings include at least partially uncased wellbores in a hydrocarbon layer of the formation. The groups are electrically configured such that current flow through the formation between at least two groups is inhibited. The heaters are configured to provide heat to the formation.

  16. Grouped exposed metal heaters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vinegar, Harold J. (Bellaire, TX); Coit, William George (Bellaire, TX); Griffin, Peter Terry (Brixham, GB); Hamilton, Paul Taylor (Houston, TX); Hsu, Chia-Fu (Granada Hills, CA); Mason, Stanley Leroy (Allen, TX); Samuel, Allan James (Kular Lumpar, MY); Watkins, Ronnie Wade (Cypress, TX)

    2010-11-09

    A system for treating a hydrocarbon containing formation is described. The system includes two or more groups of elongated heaters. The group includes two or more heaters placed in two or more openings in the formation. The heaters in the group are electrically coupled below the surface of the formation. The openings include at least partially uncased wellbores in a hydrocarbon layer of the formation. The groups are electrically configured such that current flow through the formation between at least two groups is inhibited. The heaters are configured to provide heat to the formation.

  17. Group I intron ribozymes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    Group I intron ribozymes constitute one of the main classes of ribozymes and have been a particularly important model in the discovery of key concepts in RNA biology as well as in the development of new methods. Compared to other ribozyme classes, group I intron ribozymes display considerable......, the intronic products of these pathways have the potential to integrate into targets and to form various types of circular RNA molecules. Thus, group I intron ribozymes and associated elements found within group I introns is a rich source of biological phenomena. This chapter provides a strategy and protocols...... for initial characterization of new group I intron ribozymes....

  18. Group theory I essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Milewski, Emil G

    2012-01-01

    REA's Essentials provide quick and easy access to critical information in a variety of different fields, ranging from the most basic to the most advanced. As its name implies, these concise, comprehensive study guides summarize the essentials of the field covered. Essentials are helpful when preparing for exams, doing homework and will remain a lasting reference source for students, teachers, and professionals. Group Theory I includes sets and mapping, groupoids and semi-groups, groups, isomorphisms and homomorphisms, cyclic groups, the Sylow theorems, and finite p-groups.

  19. E-groups training

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2012-01-01

    There will be an e-groups training course on 16 March 2012 which will cover the main e-groups functionalities i.e.: creating and managing e-groups, difference between static and dynamic e-groups, configuring posting restrictions and archives, examples of where e-groups can be used in daily work. Even if you have already worked with e-groups, this may be a good opportunity to learn about the best practices and security related recommendations when using e-groups. You can find more details as well as enrolment form for the training (it’s free) here. The number of places is limited, so enrolling early is recommended.   Technical Training Tel. 72844

  20. Lectures on Chevalley groups

    CERN Document Server

    Steinberg, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Robert Steinberg's Lectures on Chevalley Groups were delivered and written during the author's sabbatical visit to Yale University in the 1967-1968 academic year. The work presents the status of the theory of Chevalley groups as it was in the mid-1960s. Much of this material was instrumental in many areas of mathematics, in particular in the theory of algebraic groups and in the subsequent classification of finite groups. This posthumous edition incorporates additions and corrections prepared by the author during his retirement, including a new introductory chapter. A bibliography and editorial notes have also been added. This is a great unsurpassed introduction to the subject of Chevalley groups that influenced generations of mathematicians. I would recommend it to anybody whose interests include group theory. -Efim Zelmanov, University of California, San Diego Robert Steinberg's lectures on Chevalley groups were given at Yale University in 1967. The notes for the lectures contain a wonderful exposition of ...

  1. 82 SEMIOTIC READING OF COSTUMES IN NIGERIAN VIDEO FILMS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof Alex C Asigbo

    21). Living in ... centuries when more realistic elements began to .... science that studies the life of signs within society is ..... status, career, and emotional makeup of the characters .African ..... Theatrical Design and Construction, Lighting,. Sound ...

  2. On National Costume%国服论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑巨欣

    2006-01-01

    本文以国服为论,阐述国服的观念及其发展和保护对策.首先,在总结历来国服的呼吁和讨论结果的基础上,分析兴衰的原因,认为国服的确立和推行需要基于一种默认的前提.其次,就国服的象征意义和文化内涵进行必要的归纳和演绎,提出倡导国服之举作为提升百姓日用之学的一种理性思考在当代所具有的现实意义.最后,指出持续性和生态化保护国服文化,必须重视国民教育,同时结合规章和程式并应渗透在民本民俗的传承之中.

  3. The costumer's satisfaction in the nursing assistance evaluation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Polizer, Regiane; D'Innocenzo, Maria

    2006-01-01

    .... This study reviewed on customer's satisfaction, where had been identified to concepts and publications that approached the perception of the customer as important factor in the evaluation of the nursing assistance...

  4. Tradition and modernity in the samba school "baiana" costume

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vânia Maria Mourão Araújo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we will reflect on the influences and processes involved in construction, development and establishment of the “Bahian samba school” Carnival in Rio, as the product of constant negotiation of meaning, by recognizing the visual signs made on their wardrobe, set of influences ranging dialogue with the plurality and diversity of cultural conventions, and considering the story of a carnival produced by a series of tensions manifested in its urban space as a reflection on the ongoing construction of these representations and reframes.

  5. (ed.) . d 1981. COSTUME AND MAKE UP IN CULTURAL ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Precious

    can determine age, social status, personality, nationality, dislikes and likes before the character .... character relationship…in Shakespeare's history plays in which ... action whether on stage or in films, thus the essence to cultural development ...

  6. Costume and make up in cultural development | Abuku | Creative ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Creative Artist: A Journal of Theatre and Media Studies ... in film or on stage, the audience can determine age, social status, personality, nationality, dislikes ... become effective tools for cultural promotion and development if well manipulated.

  7. Understanding and Supporting Visual Communication within Costume Design Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, Rachael Leigh

    2009-01-01

    Theatres provide artistic value to many people and generate revenue for communities, yet little research has been conducted to understand or support theatrical designers. Over 1,800 non-profit theatres and 3,522 theatre companies and dinner theatres operate in the United States. In 2008, 11 million people attended 1,587 Broadway shows for a total…

  8. Enriching Inclusive Learning: African Americans in Historic Costume

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratute, Ashley; Marcketti, Sara B.

    2009-01-01

    Educating students to embrace diversity and value all people is a core value of educators in family and consumer sciences (FCS). For instructors in FCS, integrating the contributions of African Americans--particularly in textiles and clothing--can be an inclusive learning opportunity. The authors compiled resources on African Americans and…

  9. Costume and Cross-Dressing in Stand-up Comedy.

    OpenAIRE

    Bolsover, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    Name a funny and successful man who has dressed up as a woman. Danny LaRue, Robin Williams, Les Dawson; the list roles off the tongue. But it is a little tougher to name the women who get laughs while dressing as men. Kathy Burke parodied teenager Perry in Harry Enfield and Chums in the 1990s, then around ten years later Catherine Tate took on the role of an effeminate middle-aged man. Why is there not an abundance of female comedians dressing up as men to get laughs? What are the taboos surr...

  10. Miku's mask: Fictional encounters in children's costume play.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helgesen, Espen

    2015-11-01

    Children's engagement with Japanese toys and fictional characters has taken on new significance in the age of YouTube. Drawing on ethnographic research on technology-mediated play among 8- and 9-year-olds in Norway, this article shows how boundaries between "real" humans and "fake" non-humans are blurred and undermined when children take on the perspective of a fictional pop star known as Miku. I argue that YouTube provides a platform for children's playful experimentation with posthuman subjectivities, where they orient themselves toward the future not in terms of becoming adult but in terms of multiple becomings.

  11. Group Psychotherapy in Italy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giannone, Francesca; Giordano, Cecilia; Di Blasi, Maria

    2015-10-01

    This article describes the history and the prevailing orientations of group psychotherapy in Italy (psychoanalytically oriented, psychodrama, CBT groups) and particularly group analysis. Provided free of charge by the Italian health system, group psychotherapy is growing, but its expansion is patchy. The main pathways of Italian training in the different group psychotherapy orientations are also presented. Clinical-theoretical elaboration on self development, psychopathology related to group experiences, and the methodological attention paid to objectives and methods in different clinical groups are issues related to group therapy in Italy. Difficulties in the relationship between research and clinical practice are discussed, as well as the empirical research network that tries to bridge the gap between research and clinical work in group psychotherapy. The economic crisis in Italy has led to massive cuts in health care and to an increasing demand for some forms of psychological treatment. For these reasons, and because of its positive cost-benefit ratio, group psychotherapy is now considered an important tool in the national health care system to expand the clinical response to different forms of psychological distress.

  12. Blood groups systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranadhir Mitra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available International Society of Blood Transfusion has recently recognized 33 blood group systems. Apart from ABO and Rhesus system, many other types of antigens have been noticed on the red cell membranes. Blood grouping and cross-matching is one of the few important tests that the anaesthesiologist orders during perioperative period. Hence, a proper understanding of the blood group system, their clinical significance, typing and cross-matching tests, and current perspective are of paramount importance to prevent transfusion-related complications. Nonetheless, the knowledge on blood group system is necessary to approach blood group-linked diseases which are still at the stage of research. This review addresses all these aspects of the blood groups system.

  13. Stochastic Lie group integrators

    CERN Document Server

    Malham, Simon J A

    2007-01-01

    We present Lie group integrators for nonlinear stochastic differential equations with non-commutative vector fields whose solution evolves on a smooth finite dimensional manifold. Given a Lie group action that generates transport along the manifold, we pull back the stochastic flow on the manifold to the Lie group via the action, and subsequently pull back the flow to the corresponding Lie algebra via the exponential map. We construct an approximation to the stochastic flow in the Lie algebra via closed operations and then push back to the Lie group and then to the manifold, thus ensuring our approximation lies in the manifold. We call such schemes stochastic Munthe-Kaas methods after their deterministic counterparts. We also present stochastic Lie group integration schemes based on Castell--Gaines methods. These involve using an underlying ordinary differential integrator to approximate the flow generated by a truncated stochastic exponential Lie series. They become stochastic Lie group integrator schemes if...

  14. Geometric group theory

    CERN Document Server

    Bestvina, Mladen; Vogtmann, Karen

    2014-01-01

    Geometric group theory refers to the study of discrete groups using tools from topology, geometry, dynamics and analysis. The field is evolving very rapidly and the present volume provides an introduction to and overview of various topics which have played critical roles in this evolution. The book contains lecture notes from courses given at the Park City Math Institute on Geometric Group Theory. The institute consists of a set of intensive short courses offered by leaders in the field, designed to introduce students to exciting, current research in mathematics. These lectures do not duplicate standard courses available elsewhere. The courses begin at an introductory level suitable for graduate students and lead up to currently active topics of research. The articles in this volume include introductions to CAT(0) cube complexes and groups, to modern small cancellation theory, to isometry groups of general CAT(0) spaces, and a discussion of nilpotent genus in the context of mapping class groups and CAT(0) gro...

  15. Quantum isometry groups

    CERN Document Server

    Goswami, Debashish

    2016-01-01

    This book offers an up-to-date overview of the recently proposed theory of quantum isometry groups. Written by the founders, it is the first book to present the research on the “quantum isometry group”, highlighting the interaction of noncommutative geometry and quantum groups, which is a noncommutative generalization of the notion of group of isometry of a classical Riemannian manifold. The motivation for this generalization is the importance of isometry groups in both mathematics and physics. The framework consists of Alain Connes’ “noncommutative geometry” and the operator-algebraic theory of “quantum groups”. The authors prove the existence of quantum isometry group for noncommutative manifolds given by spectral triples under mild conditions and discuss a number of methods for computing them. One of the most striking and profound findings is the non-existence of non-classical quantum isometry groups for arbitrary classical connected compact manifolds and, by using this, the authors explicitl...

  16. Presentations of groups

    CERN Document Server

    Johnson, D L

    1997-01-01

    The aim of this book is to provide an introduction to combinatorial group theory. Any reader who has completed first courses in linear algebra, group theory and ring theory will find this book accessible. The emphasis is on computational techniques but rigorous proofs of all theorems are supplied. This new edition has been revised throughout, including new exercises and an additional chapter on proving that certain groups are infinite.

  17. Semisimple Metacyclic Group Algebras

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Gurmeet K Bakshi; Shalini Gupta; Inder Bir S Passi

    2011-11-01

    Given a group of order $p_1p_2$, where $p_1,p_2$ are primes, and $\\mathbb{F}_q$, a finite field of order coprime to $p_1p_2$, the object of this paper is to compute a complete set of primitive central idempotents of the semisimple group algebra $\\mathbb{F}_q[G]$. As a consequence, we obtain the structure of $\\mathbb{F}_q[G]$ and its group of automorphisms.

  18. Definably amenable NIP groups

    OpenAIRE

    Chernikov, Artem; Simon, Pierre

    2015-01-01

    We study definably amenable NIP groups. We develop a theory of generics, showing that various definitions considered previously coincide, and study invariant measures. Applications include: characterization of regular ergodic measures, a proof of the conjecture of Petrykowski connecting existence of bounded orbits with definable amenability in the NIP case, and the Ellis group conjecture of Newelski and Pillay connecting the model-theoretic connected component of an NIP group with the ideal s...

  19. Group Problem Solving

    CERN Document Server

    Laughlin, Patrick R

    2011-01-01

    Experimental research by social and cognitive psychologists has established that cooperative groups solve a wide range of problems better than individuals. Cooperative problem solving groups of scientific researchers, auditors, financial analysts, air crash investigators, and forensic art experts are increasingly important in our complex and interdependent society. This comprehensive textbook--the first of its kind in decades--presents important theories and experimental research about group problem solving. The book focuses on tasks that have demonstrably correct solutions within mathematical

  20. E-Group Arrangements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aylesworth, Grant R.

    Group E at Uaxactún has long been considered an ancient Maya observatory in which an observer could see the sun rise along architectural alignments at the solstices and equinoxes. E-Groups named for the architectural complex list identified in Group E at Uaxactún, typically consist of a large radial pyramid on their west side and three temples on a raised platform on their east side.

  1. Explosive Technology Group

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Explosive Technology Group (ETG) provides diverse technical expertise and an agile, integrated approach to solve complex challenges for all classes of energetic...

  2. CLASSIFICATION OF CRIMINAL GROUPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Romanova

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available New types of criminal groups are emerging in modern society.  These types have their special criminal subculture. The research objective is to develop new parameters of classification of modern criminal groups, create a new typology of criminal groups and identify some features of their subculture. Research methodology is based on the system approach that includes using the method of analysis of documentary sources (materials of a criminal case, method of conversations with themembers of the criminal group, method of testing the members of the criminal group and method of observation. As a result of the conducted research, we have created a new classification of criminal groups. The first type is a lawful group in its form and criminal according to its content (i.e., its target is criminal enrichment. The second type is a criminal organization which is run by so-called "white-collars" that "remain in the shadow". The third type is traditional criminal groups.  The fourth type is the criminal group, which openly demonstrates its criminal activity.

  3. "National Costume", "Han Costume" and the Uniforms in ROC%"国服"、"汉服"及民国服制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁仄

    2006-01-01

    本文旨在对国服这样一个命题在思维和历史层面上的思考,提出当今国服研究的重要性和其操作的紧迫性.论文通过对民国时期的服制研究,提出对现今国家礼仪服饰的思考.

  4. ASSOCIATION OF COSTUMER VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS TO QUALITY FUNCTION DEPLOYMENT: DIFFERENT IDENTIFIED COSTUMERS AND REQUIREMENTS ON DEVELOPMENT OF CPM DEVICE

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to present the differences between the use of QFD and its association with CVCA tool in the development of a CPM device for elbow and forearm rehabilitation. To achieve this goal, the study was divided into three steps. The development of a conceptual model that integrates the proposed CVCA + QFD tool for application in the health device development was done in the first step. The second step consisted of applying the proposed model, referring to the QFD method using 8 matrixe...

  5. Trajectory grouping structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maike Buchin

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The collective motion of a set of moving entities like people, birds, or other animals, is characterized by groups arising, merging, splitting, and ending. Given the trajectories of these entities, we define and model a structure that captures all of such changes using the Reeb graph, a concept from topology. The trajectory grouping structure has three natural parameters that allow more global views of the data in group size, group duration, and entity inter-distance. We prove complexity bounds on the maximum number of maximal groups that can be present, and give algorithms to compute the grouping structure efficiently. We also study how the trajectory grouping structure can be made robust, that is, how brief interruptions of groups can be disregarded in the global structure, adding a notion of persistence to the structure. Furthermore, we showcase the results of experiments using data generated by the NetLogo flocking model and from the Starkey project. The Starkey data describe the movement of elk, deer, and cattle. Although there is no ground truth for the grouping structure in this data, the experiments show that the trajectory grouping structure is plausible and has the desired effects when changing the essential parameters. Our research provides the first complete study of trajectory group evolvement, including combinatorial,algorithmic, and experimental results.

  6. Groups as moral anchors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ellemers, N.; van der Toorn, J

    2015-01-01

    Morality indicates what is the ‘right’ and the ‘wrong’ way to behave. However, what people see as moral can shift, depending on defining norms and distinctive features of the groups to which they belong. Acting in ways that are considered ‘moral’ by the group secures inclusion and elicits respect

  7. Study Groups in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Poul G.

    2007-01-01

    Since 1998 European Study Groups have been held in Denmark, and Danish companies from LEGO and NOVO to very small high-tech firms have participated. I briefly describe the history, the organisation and the format of the Danish Study Groups, and highlight a few problem solutions....

  8. Fairness and Ability Grouping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strike, Kenneth A.

    1983-01-01

    A recent controversy regarding ability grouping is that it is often perceived as a means whereby racial or class bias can be subtly transformed into mechanisms of discrimination which exhibit the appearance of fairness and objectivity. This article addresses the question of fairness in ability grouping. (CJB)

  9. Group Work. Research Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Karen

    2010-01-01

    According to Johnson and Johnson, group work helps increase student retention and satisfaction, develops strong oral communication and social skills, as well as higher self-esteem (University of Minnesota, n.d.). Group work, when planned and implemented deliberately and thoughtfully helps students develop cognitive and leadership skills as well as…

  10. Democratic Group Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laursen, Erik K.; Tate, Thomas F.

    2012-01-01

    For a century, democratic values have called for abandoning coercive approaches and teaching children and youth to be responsible citizens. The authors explore strategies for creating respectful environments and positive group cultures with challenging youth. They offer suggestions to adult group facilitators to support youth in developing…

  11. Small Group Inquiry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koller, Martin M.

    Learning in small groups is a practical way to bring about behavior change. The inquiry learning process is perceived to be the most natural and scientific way of learning. Skills developed include those of problem-solving task analysis, decision-making, value formation and adaptability. The art of small group interaction is developed. Factual…

  12. CHINA INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING GROUP

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The China International Publishing Group (CIPG) specializes in international communications. Its operationsencompass reporting, editing, translation, publishing, printing, distribution, and the Internet. It incorporates sevenpublishing companies, five magazines and 19 periodicals, published in over 20 languages. The ChinaInternational Book Trading Corporation, another group facet, distributes all of these to over 180 countries and

  13. Isotropy in group cohomology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ben David, Nir; Ginosar, Yuval; Meir, Ehud

    2014-01-01

    The analog of Lagrangians for symplectic forms over finite groups is studied, motivated by the fact that symplectic G  -forms with a normal Lagrangian N◃G  are in one-to-one correspondence, up to inflation, with bijective 1-cocycle data on the quotients G/N  . This yields a method to construct...... groups of central type from such quotients, known as Involutive Yang–Baxter groups. Another motivation for the search of normal Lagrangians comes from a non-commutative generalization of Heisenberg liftings that require normality. Although it is true that symplectic forms over finite nilpotent groups...... always admit Lagrangians, we exhibit an example where none of these subgroups is normal. However, we prove that symplectic forms over nilpotent groups always admit normal Lagrangians if all their p  -Sylow subgroups are of order less than p 8   ....

  14. Ordered groups and topology

    CERN Document Server

    Clay, Adam

    2016-01-01

    This book deals with the connections between topology and ordered groups. It begins with a self-contained introduction to orderable groups and from there explores the interactions between orderability and objects in low-dimensional topology, such as knot theory, braid groups, and 3-manifolds, as well as groups of homeomorphisms and other topological structures. The book also addresses recent applications of orderability in the studies of codimension-one foliations and Heegaard-Floer homology. The use of topological methods in proving algebraic results is another feature of the book. The book was written to serve both as a textbook for graduate students, containing many exercises, and as a reference for researchers in topology, algebra, and dynamical systems. A basic background in group theory and topology is the only prerequisite for the reader.

  15. Supervision and group dynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Søren; Jensen, Lars Peter

    2004-01-01

    as well as at Aalborg University. The first visible result has been participating supervisors telling us that the course has inspired them to try supervising group dynamics in the future. This paper will explore some aspects of supervising group dynamics as well as, how to develop the Aalborg model...... An important aspect of the problem based and project organized study at Aalborg University is the supervision of the project groups. At the basic education (first year) it is stated in the curriculum that part of the supervisors' job is to deal with group dynamics. This is due to the experience...... that many students are having difficulties with practical issues such as collaboration, communication, and project management. Most supervisors either ignore this demand, because they do not find it important or they find it frustrating, because they do not know, how to supervise group dynamics...

  16. Automorphism groups of Quandles

    CERN Document Server

    Elhamdadi, M; Restrepo, R

    2010-01-01

    We prove that the automorphism group of the dihedral quandle with n elements is isomorphic to the affine group of the integers mod n, and also obtain the inner automorphism group of this quandle. In [9], automorphism groups of quandles (up to isomorphisms) of order less than or equal to 5 were given. With the help of the software Maple, we compute the inner and automorphism groups of all seventy three quandles of order six listed in the appendix of [4]. Since computations of automorphisms of quandles relates to the problem of classification of quandles, we also describe an algorithm implemented in C for computing all quandles (up to isomorphism) of order less than or equal to nine.

  17. Perceiving persons and groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, D L; Sherman, S J

    1996-04-01

    This article analyzes the similarities and differences in forming impressions of individuals and in developing conceptions of groups. In both cases, the perceiver develops a mental conception of the target (individual or group) on the basis of available information and uses that information to make judgments about that person or group. However, a review of existing evidence reveals differences in the outcomes of impressions formed of individual and group targets, even when those impressions are based on the very same behavioral information. A model is proposed to account for these differences. The model emphasizes the role of differing expectancies of unity and coherence in individual and group targets, which in turn engage different mechanisms for processing information and making judgments. Implications of the model are discussed.

  18. Impedance group summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaskiewicz, M.; Dooling, J.; Dyachkov, M.; Fedotov, A.; Gluckstern, R.; Hahn, H.; Huang, H.; Kurennoy, S.; Linnecar, T.; Shaposhnikova, E.; Stupakov, G.; Toyama, T.; Wang, J. G.; Weng, W. T.; Zhang, S. Y.; Zotter, B.

    1999-12-01

    The impedance working group was charged to reply to the following 8 questions relevant to the design of high-intensity proton machines such as the SNS or the FNAL driver. These questions were first discussed one by one in the whole group, then each ne of them assigned to one member to summarize. On the lst morning these contributions were publicly read, re-discussed and re-written where required—hence they are not the opinion of a particular person, but rather the averaged opinion of all members of the working group. (AIP)

  19. Group key management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunigan, T.; Cao, C.

    1997-08-01

    This report describes an architecture and implementation for doing group key management over a data communications network. The architecture describes a protocol for establishing a shared encryption key among an authenticated and authorized collection of network entities. Group access requires one or more authorization certificates. The implementation includes a simple public key and certificate infrastructure. Multicast is used for some of the key management messages. An application programming interface multiplexes key management and user application messages. An implementation using the new IP security protocols is postulated. The architecture is compared with other group key management proposals, and the performance and the limitations of the implementation are described.

  20. Groups and Violence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhavnani, Ravi; Miodownik, Dan; Riolo, Rick

    Violence can take place along a multitude of cleavages, e.g., (1) between political groups like the Kach Movement, pitting West Bank settlers against Israeli governments supporting the land-for-peace agenda; (2) between religious groups, such as Christians and Muslims in the Nigerian cities of Jos and Kaduna; (3) along class lines, as in India between Dalits and members of the Brahminical upper castes, upwardly mobile intermediate castes, and even other backward castes such as the Thevars; and (4) between ethnic groups such as the Hutu and Tutsi, both within and across state boundaries in Rwanda and neighboring Burundi.

  1. Creativity and group innovation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijstad, B.A.; de Dreu, C.K.W.

    2002-01-01

    Comments on M. West's article regarding the validity of an integrative model of creativity and innovation implementation in work groups. Variables affecting the level of team innovation; Relationship between predictors and team innovation; Promotion of constructive conflict.

  2. Groups – Additive Notation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coghetto Roland

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available We translate the articles covering group theory already available in the Mizar Mathematical Library from multiplicative into additive notation. We adapt the works of Wojciech A. Trybulec [41, 42, 43] and Artur Korniłowicz [25].

  3. Homogeneous group, research, institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Natascia Vasta

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The work outlines the complex connection among empiric research, therapeutic programs and host institution. It is considered the current research state in Italy. Italian research field is analyzed and critic data are outlined: lack of results regarding both the therapeutic processes and the effectiveness of eating disorders group analytic treatment. The work investigates on an eating disorders homogeneous group, led into an eating disorder outpatient service. First we present the methodological steps the research is based on including the strong connection among theory and clinical tools. Secondly clinical tools are described and the results commented. Finally, our results suggest the necessity of validating some more specifical hypothesis: verifying the relationship between clinical improvement (sense of exclusion and painful emotions reduction and specific group therapeutic processes; verifying the relationship between depressive feelings, relapses and transition trough a more differentiated groupal field.Keywords: Homogeneous group; Eating disorders; Institutional field; Therapeutic outcome

  4. Language and Group Identity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milroy, Leslie

    1982-01-01

    Explores the tension between the manner in which intergroup language differences are used to symbolize group membership and the manner in which they mirror and reinforce social class and power distinctions. (EKN)

  5. Homogenous finitary symmetric groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otto‎. ‎H‎. Kegel

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available We characterize strictly diagonal type of embeddings of finitary symmetric groups in terms of cardinality and the characteristic. Namely, we prove the following. Let kappa be an infinite cardinal. If G=underseti=1stackrelinftybigcupG i , where G i =FSym(kappan i , (H=underseti=1stackrelinftybigcupH i , where H i =Alt(kappan i , is a group of strictly diagonal type and xi=(p 1 ,p 2 ,ldots is an infinite sequence of primes, then G is isomorphic to the homogenous finitary symmetric group FSym(kappa(xi (H is isomorphic to the homogenous alternating group Alt(kappa(xi , where n 0 =1,n i =p 1 p 2 ldotsp i .

  6. Building Bunk Group Buddies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Denise Cabrero

    2000-01-01

    Describes how camp counselors can foster camaraderie among campers through participative decision making, name games, listening, adventure courses, storytelling, spending time in nature, decorating cabins, avoiding favoritism, setting rules, admitting faults, setting group goals, and praising sincere efforts. (TD)

  7. Singular Renormalization Group Equations

    OpenAIRE

    Minoru, HIRAYAMA; Department of Physics, Toyama University

    1984-01-01

    The possible behaviour of the effective charge is discussed in Oehme and Zimmermann's scheme of the renormalization group equation. The effective charge in an example considered oscillates so violently in the ultraviolet limit that the bare charge becomes indefinable.

  8. Toleration, Groups, and Multiculturalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lægaard, Sune

    2014-01-01

    to the political and social relationship between the subject and the objects of toleration. Finally, toleration is often argued to be a normative requirement on the basis of the way it affects the object or receiver of toleration, e.g. on the basis of the good of or right to freedom from non-interference which......The chapter considers how groups might be relevant as objects of policies of toleration and the different senses 'group' might have in relation to questions of toleration. The chapter argues that groups can be relevant to toleration in several different ways as objects of toleration. Toleration...... is routinely defined as involving an objection component, a power requirement and an acceptance component. The objection and acceptance components refer to reasons or dispositions of the subjects of toleration, e.g. public authorities deciding how to act in relation to groups. The power condition refers...

  9. Radiation Protection Group

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The Radioactive Waste Section of the Radiation Protection Group wishes to inform you that the Radioactive Waste Treatment Centre will be closed on the afternoon of Tuesday 19 December 2006. Thank-you for your understanding.

  10. Parton Distributions Working Group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    de Barbaro, L.; Keller, S. A.; Kuhlmann, S.; Schellman, H.; Tung, W.-K.

    2000-07-20

    This report summarizes the activities of the Parton Distributions Working Group of the QCD and Weak Boson Physics workshop held in preparation for Run II at the Fermilab Tevatron. The main focus of this working group was to investigate the different issues associated with the development of quantitative tools to estimate parton distribution functions uncertainties. In the conclusion, the authors introduce a Manifesto that describes an optimal method for reporting data.

  11. Fuzzy Soft Topological Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Nazmul

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Notions of Lowen type fuzzy soft topological space are introduced and some of their properties are established in the present paper. Besides this, a combined structure of a fuzzy soft topological space and a fuzzy soft group, which is termed here as fuzzy soft topological group is introduced. Homomorphic images and preimages are also examined. Finally, some definitions and results on fuzzy soft set are studied.

  12. Networks and Small Groups

    OpenAIRE

    Kadushin, Charles

    2005-01-01

    Homans' insights that interaction and sentiment are in a feedback loop that includes clique formation, social ranking and leadership are formalized and derived from a set of limited assumptions and propositions. Freeman's model of groups is used to detect pure informal groups, those that are not consequential upon anything else than sheer hanging around. It produces a system of cliques and rankings based purely on the rates of transitive triads that may include a third who is only weakly conn...

  13. Groups, rings, modules

    CERN Document Server

    Auslander, Maurice

    2014-01-01

    This classic monograph is geared toward advanced undergraduates and graduate students. The treatment presupposes some familiarity with sets, groups, rings, and vector spaces. The four-part approach begins with examinations of sets and maps, monoids and groups, categories, and rings. The second part explores unique factorization domains, general module theory, semisimple rings and modules, and Artinian rings. Part three's topics include localization and tensor products, principal ideal domains, and applications of fundamental theorem. The fourth and final part covers algebraic field extensions

  14. N-ary Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Gal'mak, Alexander M

    2011-01-01

    The book "N-ary Groups" (in Russian) consists of two Parts. It is intended on the one hand as an initial introduction to the theory of n-ary groups, and on the other hand it contains the published results by the author on this subject. At present, the theory of n-ary groups developing but slowly from group theory. Nonetheless, ternary and n-ary structures have recently been applied to modern models of elementary particle physics. One of the author's goals in this book is to draw the attention of mathematicians and theoretical physicists to the theory of n-ary groups, to some of its distinguishing features, and to details relevant to its further development and application. Part I: Theorems of Post and Gluskin-Hosszu. 1.1. Classical definitions of n-ary groups. Examples. 1.2. Analogies of identity and inverse elements. 1.3. Equivalent sequences. 1.4. Post's coset theorem. 1.5. Theorem of Gluskin-Hosszu. 1.6. Connection between the Post's coset theorem and theorem of Gluskin-Hosszu. Addition and comments. Part ...

  15. Coordinating Group report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-01-01

    In December 1992, western governors and four federal agencies established a Federal Advisory Committee to Develop On-site Innovative Technologies for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (the DOIT Committee). The purpose of the Committee is to advise the federal government on ways to improve waste cleanup technology development and the cleanup of federal sites in the West. The Committee directed in January 1993 that information be collected from a wide range of potential stakeholders and that innovative technology candidate projects be identified, organized, set in motion, and evaluated to test new partnerships, regulatory approaches, and technologies which will lead to improve site cleanup. Five working groups were organized, one to develop broad project selection and evaluation criteria and four to focus on specific contaminant problems. A Coordinating Group comprised of working group spokesmen and federal and state representatives, was set up to plan and organize the routine functioning of these working groups. The working groups were charged with defining particular contaminant problems; identifying shortcomings in technology development, stakeholder involvement, regulatory review, and commercialization which impede the resolution of these problems; and identifying candidate sites or technologies which could serve as regional innovative demonstration projects to test new approaches to overcome the shortcomings. This report from the Coordinating Group to the DOIT Committee highlights the key findings and opportunities uncovered by these fact-finding working groups. It provides a basis from which recommendations from the DOIT Committee to the federal government can be made. It also includes observations from two public roundtables, one on commercialization and another on regulatory and institutional barriers impeding technology development and cleanup.

  16. Facilities removal working group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This working group`s first objective is to identify major economic, technical, and regulatory constraints on operator practices and decisions relevant to offshore facilities removal. Then, the group will try to make recommendations as to regulatory and policy adjustments, additional research, or process improvements and/or technological advances, that may be needed to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the removal process. The working group will focus primarily on issues dealing with Gulf of Mexico platform abandonments. In order to make the working group sessions as productive as possible, the Facilities Removal Working Group will focus on three topics that address a majority of the concerns and/or constraints relevant to facilities removal. The three areas are: (1) Explosive Severing and its Impact on Marine Life, (2) Pile and Conductor Severing, and (3) Deep Water Abandonments This paper will outline the current state of practice in the offshore industry, identifying current regulations and specific issues encountered when addressing each of the three main topics above. The intent of the paper is to highlight potential issues for panel discussion, not to provide a detailed review of all data relevant to the topic. Before each panel discussion, key speakers will review data and information to facilitate development and discussion of the main issues of each topic. Please refer to the attached agenda for the workshop format, key speakers, presentation topics, and panel participants. The goal of the panel discussions is to identify key issues for each of the three topics above. The working group will also make recommendations on how to proceed on these key issues.

  17. Linear algebraic groups

    CERN Document Server

    Springer, T A

    1998-01-01

    "[The first] ten chapters...are an efficient, accessible, and self-contained introduction to affine algebraic groups over an algebraically closed field. The author includes exercises and the book is certainly usable by graduate students as a text or for self-study...the author [has a] student-friendly style… [The following] seven chapters... would also be a good introduction to rationality issues for algebraic groups. A number of results from the literature…appear for the first time in a text." –Mathematical Reviews (Review of the Second Edition) "This book is a completely new version of the first edition. The aim of the old book was to present the theory of linear algebraic groups over an algebraically closed field. Reading that book, many people entered the research field of linear algebraic groups. The present book has a wider scope. Its aim is to treat the theory of linear algebraic groups over arbitrary fields. Again, the author keeps the treatment of prerequisites self-contained. The material of t...

  18. Matrix groups for undergraduates

    CERN Document Server

    Tapp, Kristopher

    2016-01-01

    Matrix groups touch an enormous spectrum of the mathematical arena. This textbook brings them into the undergraduate curriculum. It makes an excellent one-semester course for students familiar with linear and abstract algebra and prepares them for a graduate course on Lie groups. Matrix Groups for Undergraduates is concrete and example-driven, with geometric motivation and rigorous proofs. The story begins and ends with the rotations of a globe. In between, the author combines rigor and intuition to describe the basic objects of Lie theory: Lie algebras, matrix exponentiation, Lie brackets, maximal tori, homogeneous spaces, and roots. This second edition includes two new chapters that allow for an easier transition to the general theory of Lie groups. From reviews of the First Edition: This book could be used as an excellent textbook for a one semester course at university and it will prepare students for a graduate course on Lie groups, Lie algebras, etc. … The book combines an intuitive style of writing w...

  19. Illinois Wind Workers Group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    David G. Loomis

    2012-05-28

    The Illinois Wind Working Group (IWWG) was founded in 2006 with about 15 members. It has grown to over 200 members today representing all aspects of the wind industry across the State of Illinois. In 2008, the IWWG developed a strategic plan to give direction to the group and its activities. The strategic plan identifies ways to address critical market barriers to the further penetration of wind. The key to addressing these market barriers is public education and outreach. Since Illinois has a restructured electricity market, utilities no longer have a strong control over the addition of new capacity within the state. Instead, market acceptance depends on willing landowners to lease land and willing county officials to site wind farms. Many times these groups are uninformed about the benefits of wind energy and unfamiliar with the process. Therefore, many of the project objectives focus on conferences, forum, databases and research that will allow these stakeholders to make well-educated decisions.

  20. Transitive conformal holonomy groups

    CERN Document Server

    Alt, Jesse

    2011-01-01

    For $(M,[g])$ a conformal manifold of signature $(p,q)$ and dimension at least three, the conformal holonomy group $\\mathrm{Hol}(M,[g]) \\subset O(p+1,q+1)$ is an invariant induced by the canonical Cartan geometry of $(M,[g])$. We give a description of all possible connected conformal holonomy groups which act transitively on the M\\"obius sphere $S^{p,q}$, the homogeneous model space for conformal structures of signature $(p,q)$. The main part of this description is a list of all such groups which also act irreducibly on $\\R^{p+1,q+1}$. For the rest, we show that they must be compact and act decomposably on $\\R^{p+1,q+1}$, in particular, by known facts about conformal holonomy the conformal class $[g]$ must contain a metric which is locally isometric to a so-called special Einstein product.

  1. Quantum threshold group signature

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    In most situations, the signer is generally a single person. However, when the message is written on behalf of an organization, a valid message may require the approval or consent of several persons. Threshold signature is a solution to this problem. Generally speaking, as an authority which can be trusted by all members does not exist, a threshold signature scheme without a trusted party appears more attractive. Following some ideas of the classical Shamir’s threshold signature scheme, a quantum threshold group signature one is proposed. In the proposed scheme, only t or more of n persons in the group can generate the group signature and any t-1 or fewer ones cannot do that. In the verification phase, any t or more of n signature receivers can verify the message and any t-1 or fewer receivers cannot verify the validity of the signature.

  2. Focus group discussions

    CERN Document Server

    Hennink, Monique M

    2014-01-01

    The Understanding Research series focuses on the process of writing up social research. The series is broken down into three categories: Understanding Statistics, Understanding Measurement, and Understanding Qualitative Research. The books provide researchers with guides to understanding, writing, and evaluating social research. Each volume demonstrates how research should be represented, including how to write up the methodology as well as the research findings. Each volume also reviews how to appropriately evaluate published research. Focus Group Discussions addresses the challenges associated with conducting and writing focus group research. It provides detailed guidance on the practical and theoretical considerations in conducting focus group discussions including: designing the discussion guide, recruiting participants, training a field team, moderating techniques and ethical considerations. Monique Hennink describes how a methodology section is read and evaluated by others, such as journal reviewers or ...

  3. Hierarchies in student groups

    OpenAIRE

    Güntert, Manuel

    2008-01-01

    This is a research about hierarchies in student groups. It shows how they are built und what sense they have. The position of a student in his student peer group is evaluated. The influence of the look, the style, the behaviour of the other sex, the gender, the origin, the prehistory, the appearance, achievement and their effect on hierarchies is analysed and the impact of charisma and organisation are compared. The meaning of this research is to indicate how a student must be to get the lead...

  4. Fourier Analysis on Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Rudin, Walter

    2011-01-01

    In the late 1950s, many of the more refined aspects of Fourier analysis were transferred from their original settings (the unit circle, the integers, the real line) to arbitrary locally compact abelian (LCA) groups. Rudin's book, published in 1962, was the first to give a systematic account of these developments and has come to be regarded as a classic in the field. The basic facts concerning Fourier analysis and the structure of LCA groups are proved in the opening chapters, in order to make the treatment relatively self-contained.

  5. Upgraded Coal Interest Group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Evan Hughes

    2009-01-08

    The Upgraded Coal Interest Group (UCIG) is an EPRI 'users group' that focuses on clean, low-cost options for coal-based power generation. The UCIG covers topics that involve (1) pre-combustion processes, (2) co-firing systems and fuels, and (3) reburn using coal-derived or biomass-derived fuels. The UCIG mission is to preserve and expand the economic use of coal for energy. By reducing the fuel costs and environmental impacts of coal-fired power generation, existing units become more cost effective and thus new units utilizing advanced combustion technologies are more likely to be coal-fired.

  6. Group theory and chemistry

    CERN Document Server

    Bishop, David M

    1993-01-01

    Group theoretical principles are an integral part of modern chemistry. Not only do they help account for a wide variety of chemical phenomena, they simplify quantum chemical calculations. Indeed, knowledge of their application to chemical problems is essential for students of chemistry. This complete, self-contained study, written for advanced undergraduate-level and graduate-level chemistry students, clearly and concisely introduces the subject of group theory and demonstrates its application to chemical problems.To assist chemistry students with the mathematics involved, Professor Bishop ha

  7. GroupFinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøgh, Kenneth Sejdenfaden; Skovsgaard, Anders; Jensen, Christian S.

    2013-01-01

    of PoIs relevant to a user's intent has became a problem of automated spatio-textual information retrieval. Over the last several years, substantial research has gone into the invention of functionality and efficient implementations for retrieving nearby PoIs. However, with a couple of exceptions....... Such groups are relevant to users who wish to conveniently explore several options before making a decision such as to purchase a specific product. Specifically, we demonstrate a practical proposal for finding top-k PoI groups in response to a query. We show how problem parameter settings can be mapped...

  8. Homomorphisms between Kaehler groups

    CERN Document Server

    Arapura, Donu

    2009-01-01

    This is partly a survey and partly a research article. Some known results and open problems about Kaehler groups (fundamental groups of compact Kaehler manifolds) are discussed. A new notion of Kaehler homomorphism is introduced. This is a homomorphism induced by a holomorphic map between these types of manifolds. Some obstructions for a homomorphism to be Kaehler are discussed. Among these is the main result on the vanishing of a certain cohomology class associated to such map. This is reduced to the decomposition theorem for perverse sheaves suitably extended to Kaehler orbifolds.

  9. Group Based Interference Alignment

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Yanjun; Chen, Rui; Yao, Junliang

    2010-01-01

    in $K$-user single-input single-output (SISO) frequency selective fading interference channels, it is shown that the achievable multiplexing gain is almost surely $K/2$ by using interference alignment (IA). However when the signaling dimensions is limited, allocating all the resource to all the users simultaneously is not optimal. According to this problem, a group based interference alignment (GIA) scheme is proposed and a search algorithm is designed to get the group patterns and the resource allocation among them. Analysis results show that our proposed scheme achieves a higher multiplexing gain when the resource is limited.

  10. The Multiplication Group of an AG-group

    OpenAIRE

    Shah, Muhammad; Ali, Asif; Ahmad, Imtiaz; Sorge, Volker

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the multiplication group of a special class of quasigroup called AG-group. We prove some interesting results such as: the multiplication group of an AG-group of order n is non-abelian group of order 2n and its left section is an abelian group of order n. The inner mapping group of an AG-group of any order is a cyclic group of order 2.

  11. Lacunarity for compact groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, R E; Hewitt, E; Ross, K A

    1971-01-01

    Let G be a compact Abelian group with character group X. A subset Delta of X is called a [unk](q) set (1 < q < infinity) if for all trigonometric polynomials f = [unk](k=1) (n) alpha(k)chi(k) (chi(1),...,chi(n) [unk] Delta) an inequality parallelf parallel(q) [unk] [unk] parallelf parallel(1) obtains, where [unk] is a positive constant depending only on Delta. The subset Delta is called a Sidon set if every bounded function on Delta can be matched by a Fourier-Stieltjes transform. It is known that every Sidon set is a [unk](q) set for all q. For G = T, X = Z, Rudin (J. Math. Mech., 9, 203 (1960)) has found a set that is [unk](q) for all q but not Sidon. We extend this result to all infinite compact Abelian groups G: the character group X contains a subset Delta that is [unk](q) for all q, 1 < q < infinity, but Delta is not a Sidon set.

  12. FAW Group Gorporation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Feng

    2007-01-01

    @@ As the founder of China's automobile industry, FAW Group Corporation (FAW) has maintained a dominant position in the automotive industry since its founding in 1953 in terms of its total assets, Production capacity, domestic and international sales, market share, and brand recognition.

  13. Working Group Report: Neutrinos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    de Gouvea, A.; Pitts, K.; Scholberg, K.; Zeller, G. P. [et al.

    2013-10-16

    This document represents the response of the Intensity Frontier Neutrino Working Group to the Snowmass charge. We summarize the current status of neutrino physics and identify many exciting future opportunities for studying the properties of neutrinos and for addressing important physics and astrophysics questions with neutrinos.

  14. Parton Distributions Working Group

    CERN Document Server

    de Barbaro, Lucy; Brock, R.; Casey, D.; Demina, R.; Giele, W.T.; Hirosky, R.; Huston, J.; Kalk, J.; Keller, S.A.; Klasen, M.; Kosower, D.A.; Kramer, M.; Kretzer, S.; Kuhlmann, S.; Martin, R.; Olness, Fredrick I.; Plehn, T.; Pumplin, J.; Scalise, R.J.; Schellman, H.; Smith, J.; Soper, D.E.; Sterman, George F.; Stump, D.; Tung, W.K.; Varelas, N.; Vogelsang, W.; Yang, Un-Ki

    2000-01-01

    The main focus of this working group was to investigate the different issues associated with the development of quantitative tools to estimate parton distribution functions uncertainties. In the conclusion, we introduce a "Manifesto" that describes an optimal method for reporting data.

  15. An Intergenerational Women's Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogler, Janet

    1989-01-01

    Discusses the Intergenerational Women's Group, formed to provide social support and an interchange of ideas between women of different generations. Provides a model for such a program that may be offered in geriatric medical clinics. Discusses the impact of intergenerational support for both the old and the young. (Author/BHK)

  16. Group B Streptococcus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert H. Adriaanse

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Group B streptococcus (GBS, Streptococcus agalactiae is an important cause of neonatal sepsis. Prevention is possible by intrapartum screening for maternal GBS carriership and antimicrobial treatment of colonized women with risk factors during labor. The conflicting results of diagnostic performance are reported both for the newly developed rapid GBS antigen tests and Gram's stain.

  17. Unclonable Group Identification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Dupont, Kasper; Pedersen, Michael Østergaard

    2006-01-01

    We introduce and motivate the concept of unclonable group identification, that provides maximal protection against sharing of identities while still protecting the anonymity of users. We prove that the notion can be realized from any one-way function and suggest a more efficient implementation...

  18. Anaphylaxis vulnerable groups

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ehab

    Professor of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. Age groups ... fever, emotional stress, travel or other disruption of routine ... Anaphylaxis following immunization is a rare event ... estimated.15,16 An estimate of 1 per 100 000 after. MMR ... pregnancy include low back pain, uterine cramps,.

  19. GROUPS IN PEPTIDE SYNTHESIS

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    asparagine amino acid residues and other amino acids having amide groups at ... Amines were reacted with Boc-Asp-on-OBzl in the presence of DCC to give .... systems chloroform-ethyl acetate (321 iv/v) (A) and chloroform-methanol-glacial acetic ... three 12 mL portions of 5% aqueous sodium bicarbonate, and five 15 mL ...

  20. Grouping Illumination Frameworks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zdravkovic, Suncica; Economou, Elias; Gilchrist, Alan

    2012-01-01

    According to Koffka (1935), the lightness of a target surface is determined by the relationship between the target and the illumination frame of reference to which it belongs. However, each scene contains numerous illumination frames, and judging each one separately would lead to an enormous amount of computing. Grouping those frames that are in…

  1. Convolution Operators on Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Derighetti, Antoine

    2011-01-01

    This volume is devoted to a systematic study of the Banach algebra of the convolution operators of a locally compact group. Inspired by classical Fourier analysis we consider operators on Lp spaces, arriving at a description of these operators and Lp versions of the theorems of Wiener and Kaplansky-Helson.

  2. With the Radiobiology Group

    CERN Multimedia

    1980-01-01

    The Radiobiology Group carries out experiments to study the effect of radiation on living cells. The photo shows the apparatus for growing broad beans which have been irradiated by 250 GeV protons. The roots are immersed in a tank of running water (CERN Weekly Bulletin 26 January 1981 and Annual Report 1980 p. 160). Karen Panman, Marilena Streit-Bianchi, Roger Paris.

  3. Leukosis/Sarcoma Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    The leukosis/sarcoma (L/S) group of diseases designates a variety of transmissible benign and malignant neoplasms of chickens caused by members that belong to the family Retroviridae. Because the expansion of the literature on this disease, it is no longer feasible to cite all relevant publications ...

  4. Group theory in physics

    CERN Document Server

    Cornwell, J F

    1989-01-01

    Recent devopments, particularly in high-energy physics, have projected group theory and symmetry consideration into a central position in theoretical physics. These developments have taken physicists increasingly deeper into the fascinating world of pure mathematics. This work presents important mathematical developments of the last fifteen years in a form that is easy to comprehend and appreciate.

  5. Dimensions of Group Interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawidowicz, Paula

    2008-01-01

    The correlation between positive and negative group interactions and one or another of individuals' attitudes or characteristics--moral development, critical thinking, resilience, and self efficacy--has been examined previously. However, no systemic examination of individuals' development of patterns of these characteristics and those patterns'…

  6. Abandoning wells working group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The primary objective of this working group is to identify major technical, regulatory, and environmental issues that are relevant to the abandonment of offshore wellbores. Once the issues have been identified, the working group also has the objective of making recommendations or providing potential solutions for consideration. Areas for process improvement will be identified and {open_quotes}best practices{close_quotes} will be discussed and compared to {open_quotes}minimum standards.{close_quotes} The working group will primarily focus on wellbore abandonment in the Gulf of Mexico. However, workshop participants are encouraged to discuss international issues which may be relevant to wellbore abandonment practices in the Gulf of Mexico. The Abandoning Wells Group has identified several major areas for discussion that have concerns related to both operators and service companies performing wellbore abandonments in the Gulf of Mexico. The following broad topics were selected for the agenda: (1) MMS minimum requirements and state regulations. (2) Co-existence of best practices, new technology, and P & A economics. (3) Liability and environmental issues relating to wellbore abandonment.

  7. Natureand Production of Online Consuming Spaces:Cases of Designer Women Costumes Stores on"Taobao"%网络消费空间的性质与生产——以淘宝网原创女装店为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敏; 张翔; 申峻霞

    2015-01-01

    This article focuses on the newly emerging online consumption practices, which is suggested to be a kind of social space, and is established on the underlying social relations. Based on the theory of the produc-tion of spaces, especially used the concepts of triad spaces, namely the spatial practice, the representation of space, and the representational spaces, taking cases of 10 designer women costumes stores on Taobao, which is the largest C2C e-commerce platform in China, with the method of text analysis and in-depth interviews, this article explored traits and the triad processes of production of online stores. Conclusions are as below:1) It is necessary to judge whether online spaces share the similar social qualities with physical spaces, before apply-ing existing spatial theories and approaches on the exploring of online spaces. Based on briefre views of philos-ophy concepts of online spaces and the social spaces theories, online spaces, for instance, online stores, are deemed as social spaces decided by certain social relations. 2) The conceptual triad in production of spaces is proved to be a worthy frame of exploring the online consumption spaces, which are emerging as highly over-lapping, complex and social relevant spaces.The practice of online consumption spaces supports, as well as is decided by the consumption relationship. Consumption relations, which are contained in online consuming spaces,should be deemed as multi-subject and multi-scale networks. Online store sfurther help derivingmany other social relations beyond consumption,which makes online stores very places for sharing experiences and daily lives among customers and store keepers, and arousing people'sfeelings of traditional everyday lives, and sense of belonging to communities. Representations of online consuming spaces,which are mainly achieved by operating with codes, signs and symbols, are co-productions of techniques, structural powers of so-ciety, creative ideas and resistances of

  8. Communication from ST Group

    CERN Multimedia

    TS Department

    2008-01-01

    Please note that owing the preparations for the Open Days, the FM Group will not able to handle specific requests for waste collection from 2nd to 6th of April, nor removal or PC transport requests between the 31 March and 11 April. We kindly ask you to plan the collection of all types of waste and any urgent transport of office furniture or PCs before 31 March. Waste collection requests must be made by contacting FM Support on 77777 or at the e-mail address mailto:Fm.Support@cern.ch; removal of office furniture or PC transport requests must be made using the EDH ‘Transport request’ form (select "Removals" or "PC transport" from the drop-down menu). For any question concerning the sorting of waste, please consult the following web site: http://dechets-waste.web.cern.ch/dechets-waste/ Thank you for your understanding and collaboration. TS/FM Group

  9. Group and representation theory

    CERN Document Server

    Vergados, J D

    2017-01-01

    This volume goes beyond the understanding of symmetries and exploits them in the study of the behavior of both classical and quantum physical systems. Thus it is important to study the symmetries described by continuous (Lie) groups of transformations. We then discuss how we get operators that form a Lie algebra. Of particular interest to physics is the representation of the elements of the algebra and the group in terms of matrices and, in particular, the irreducible representations. These representations can be identified with physical observables. This leads to the study of the classical Lie algebras, associated with unitary, unimodular, orthogonal and symplectic transformations. We also discuss some special algebras in some detail. The discussion proceeds along the lines of the Cartan-Weyl theory via the root vectors and root diagrams and, in particular, the Dynkin representation of the roots. Thus the representations are expressed in terms of weights, which are generated by the application of the elemen...

  10. Mindfulness for group facilitation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adriansen, Hanne Kirstine; Krohn, Simon

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we argue that mindfulness techniques can be used for enhancing the outcome of group performance. The word mindfulness has different connotations in the academic literature. Broadly speaking there is ‘mindfulness without meditation’ or ‘Western’ mindfulness which involves active...... thinking and ‘Eastern’ mindfulness which refers to an open, accepting state of mind, as intended with Buddhist-inspired techniques such as meditation. In this paper, we are interested in the latter type of mindfulness and demonstrate how Eastern mindfulness techniques can be used as a tool for facilitation....... A brief introduction to the physiology and philosophy of Eastern mindfulness constitutes the basis for the arguments of the effect of mindfulness techniques. The use of mindfulness techniques for group facilitation is novel as it changes the focus from individuals’ mindfulness practice...

  11. Gravitation Gauge Group

    CERN Document Server

    Ter-Kazarian, G T

    1997-01-01

    Suggested theory involves a drastic revision of a role of local internal symmetries in physical concept of curved geometry. Under the reflection of fields and their dynamics from Minkowski to Riemannian space a standard gauge principle of local internal symmetries is generalized. The gravitation gauge group is proposed, which is generated by hidden local internal symmetries. The developed mechanism enables one to infer Einstein's equation of gravitation, but only with strong difference from Einstein's theory at the vital point of well-defined energy-momentum tensor of gravitational field and conservation laws. The gravitational interaction as well as general distortion of manifold G(2.2.3) with hidden group U(1) was considered.

  12. Group Leaders Optimization Algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Daskin, Anmer

    2010-01-01

    Complexity of global optimization algorithms makes implementation of the algorithms difficult and leads the algorithms to require more computer resources for the optimization process. The ability to explore the whole solution space without increasing the complexity of algorithms has a great importance to not only get reliable results but so also make the implementation of these algorithms more convenient for higher dimensional and complex-real world problems in science and engineering. In this paper, we present a new global optimization algorithm in which the influence of the leaders in social groups is used as an inspiration for the evolutionary technique that is designed into a group architecture similar to the architecture of Cooperative Coevolutionary Algorithms. Therefore, we present the implementation method and the experimental results for the single and multidimensional optimization test problems and a scientific real world problem, the energies and the geometric structures of Lennard-Jones clusters.

  13. Group Formation in Economics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demange, Gabrielle; Wooders, Myrna

    2005-01-01

    Broad and diverse ranges of activities are conducted within and by organized groups of individuals, including political, economic and social activities. These activities have recently become a subject of intense interest in economics and game theory. Some of the topics investigated in this collection are models of networks of power and privilege, trade networks, co-authorship networks, buyer-seller networks with differentiated products, and networks of medical innovation and the adaptation of new information. Other topics are social norms on punctuality, clubs and the provision of club goods and public goods, research and development and collusive alliances among corporations, and international alliances and trading agreements. While relatively recent, the literature on game theoretic studies of group formation in economics is already vast. This volume provides an introduction to this important literature on game-theoretic treatments of situations with networks, clubs, and coalitions, including some applications.

  14. The Ombudperson Initiative Group

    CERN Document Server

    Laura Stewart

    Following many discussions that took place at some of the ATLAS Women's Network lunch gatherings, a few ATLAS women joined forces with similarly concerned CERN staff women to form a small group last Fall to discuss the need for a CERN-wide Ombudsperson. This has since evolved into the Ombudsperson Initiative Group (OIG) currently composed of the following members: Barbro Asman, Stockholm University; Pierre Charrue, CERN AB; Anna Cook, CERN IT; Catherine Delamare, CERN and IT Ombudsperson; Paula Eerola, Lund University; Pauline Gagnon, Indiana University; Eugenia Hatziangeli, CERN AB; Doreen Klem, CERN IT; Bertrand Nicquevert, CERN TS and Laura Stewart, CERN AT. On June 12, members of the OIG met with representatives of Human Resources (HR) and the Equal Opportunity Advisory Panel (EOAP) to discuss the proposal drafted by the OIG. The meeting was very positive. Everybody agreed that the current procedures at CERN applicable in the event of conflict required a thorough review, and that a professionnally trai...

  15. Multibunch working group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    The goal of this working group was to foment discussions about the use and limitations of multi-bunch, representatives from most operating or in-project synchrotron radiation sources (ALS, SPEAR, BESSY-2, SPRING-8, ANKA, DELTA, PEP-2, DIAMOND, ESRF...) have presented their experience. The discussions have been led around 3 topics: 1) resistive wall instabilities and ion instabilities, 2) higher harmonic cavities, and 3) multibunch feedback systems.

  16. Formal groups and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Hazewinkel, Michiel

    2012-01-01

    This book is a comprehensive treatment of the theory of formal groups and its numerous applications in several areas of mathematics. The seven chapters of the book present basics and main results of the theory, as well as very important applications in algebraic topology, number theory, and algebraic geometry. Each chapter ends with several pages of historical and bibliographic summary. One prerequisite for reading the book is an introductory graduate algebra course, including certain familiarity with category theory.

  17. Summaries of group discussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jensen, L. D.

    1972-01-01

    Group discussions following the presentations of reports on the remote sensing of Chesapeake Bay resources are presented. The parameters to be investigated by the remote sensors and the specifications of the sensors are described. Specific sensors for obtaining data on various aspects of the ecology are identified. Recommendations for establishing a data bank and additional efforts to obtain increased understanding of the ecology are submitted.

  18. Group Size and Conformity

    OpenAIRE

    Bond, Rod

    2005-01-01

    Abstract This paper reviews theory and research on the relationship between group size and conformity and presents a meta-analysis of 125 Asch-type conformity studies. It questions the assumption of a single function made in formal models of social influence and proposes instead that the function will vary depending on which social influence process predominates. It is argued that normative influence is lik...

  19. Combinatorial group theory

    CERN Document Server

    Lyndon, Roger C

    2001-01-01

    From the reviews: "This book (...) defines the boundaries of the subject now called combinatorial group theory. (...)it is a considerable achievement to have concentrated a survey of the subject into 339 pages. This includes a substantial and useful bibliography; (over 1100 ÄitemsÜ). ...the book is a valuable and welcome addition to the literature, containing many results not previously available in a book. It will undoubtedly become a standard reference." Mathematical Reviews, AMS, 1979.

  20. Group Variables and Gaming Success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, Dwight R.; Niebuhr, Robert E.

    1980-01-01

    Describes a study designed to determine the effects of group cohesiveness on group performance in a management game and, to examine the effects voluntary v assigned group membership has on the cohesiveness of the group. (Author/LLS)

  1. STEAM GENERATOR GROUP PROJECT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, R. A.; Lewis, M

    1985-09-01

    This report is a summary of progress in the Surry Steam Generator Group Project for 1984. Information is presented on the analysis of two baseline eddy current inspections of the generator. Round robin series of tests using standard in-service inspection techniques are described along with some preliminary results. Observations are reported of degradation found on tubing specimens removed from the generator, and on support plates characterized in-situ. Residual stresses measured on a tubing specimen are reported. Two steam generator repair demonstrations are described; one for antivibration bar replacement, and one on tube repair methods. Chemical analyses are shown for sludge samples removed from above the tube sheet.

  2. Groups and symmetry

    CERN Document Server

    Farmer, David W

    1995-01-01

    In most mathematics textbooks, the most exciting part of mathematics-the process of invention and discovery-is completely hidden from the reader. The aim of Groups and Symmetry is to change all that. By means of a series of carefully selected tasks, this book leads readers to discover some real mathematics. There are no formulas to memorize; no procedures to follow. The book is a guide: Its job is to start you in the right direction and to bring you back if you stray too far. Discovery is left to you. Suitable for a one-semester course at the beginning undergraduate level, there are no prerequ

  3. Grouping Notes Through Nodes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dove, Graham; Abildgaard, Sille Julie Jøhnk; Biskjær, Michael Mose

    The Post-ItTM note is a frequently used, and yet seldom studied, design material. We investigate the functions Post-ItTM notes serve when providing cognitive support for creative design team practice. Our investigation considers the ways in which Post-ItTM notes function as design externalisations......, both individually and when grouped, and their role in categorisation in semantic long-term memory. To do this, we adopt a multimodal analytical approach focusing on interaction between humans, and between humans and artefacts, alongside language. We discuss in detail examples of four different...

  4. Social group utility maximization

    CERN Document Server

    Gong, Xiaowen; Yang, Lei; Zhang, Junshan

    2014-01-01

    This SpringerBrief explains how to leverage mobile users' social relationships to improve the interactions of mobile devices in mobile networks. It develops a social group utility maximization (SGUM) framework that captures diverse social ties of mobile users and diverse physical coupling of mobile devices. Key topics include random access control, power control, spectrum access, and location privacy.This brief also investigates SGUM-based power control game and random access control game, for which it establishes the socially-aware Nash equilibrium (SNE). It then examines the critical SGUM-b

  5. Statistical Group Comparison

    CERN Document Server

    Liao, Tim Futing

    2011-01-01

    An incomparably useful examination of statistical methods for comparisonThe nature of doing science, be it natural or social, inevitably calls for comparison. Statistical methods are at the heart of such comparison, for they not only help us gain understanding of the world around us but often define how our research is to be carried out. The need to compare between groups is best exemplified by experiments, which have clearly defined statistical methods. However, true experiments are not always possible. What complicates the matter more is a great deal of diversity in factors that are not inde

  6. Notes on quantum groups

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pressley, A.; Chari, V. (King' s Coll., London (UK). Dept. of Mathematics Tata Inst. of Fundamental Research, Bombay (India). School of Mathematics)

    1990-12-01

    The authors presents an introduction to quantum groups defined as a deformation of the universal enveloping algebra of a Lie algebra. After the description of Hopf algebras with some examples the approach of Drinfel'd and Jimbo is described, where the quantization of a Lie algebra represents a Hopf algebra, defined over the algebra of formal power series in an indetermined h. The authors show that this approach arises from a r-matrix, which satisfies the classical Yang-Baxter equation. As example quantum sl{sub 2} is considered. Furthermore the approaches of Manin and Woroniwicz and the R-matrix approach are described. (HSI).

  7. Applications of Quantum Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chryssomalakos, Chryssomalis

    The main theme of this thesis is the search for applications of Quantum Group and Hopf algebraic concepts and techniques in Physics. We investigate in particular the possibilities that exist in deforming, in a self consistent way, the symmetry structure of physical theories with the hope that the resulting scheme will be of relevance in the description of physical reality. Our choice of topics reflects this motivation: we discuss deformations of rotations and Lorentz boosts, search for integrals on the quantum plane and attempt to Fourier transform functions of non -commuting coordinates. Along the way, more formal considerations prompt us to revisit integration on finite dimensional Hopf algebras, explore the interconnections between various descriptions of the quantum double and derive the algebraic structure of the quantum plane from that of the underlying deformed symmetry group. The material is structured as follows. Chapter 1 introduces the language, basic concepts and notation employed throughout this thesis. Chapter 2 focuses on Hopf algebras viewed as universal envelopes of deformed Lie algebras and their duals. Bicovariant generators enter the discussion as analogues of the classical Lie algebra generators and some of their properties are given. We comment on the geometrical interpretation of the algebraic formulation and introduce computational tools. In chapter 3 we take a close look at the quantum Lorentz Hopf algebra. The basics of complex quantum groups are presented and applied in the derivation of the algebra of the quantum Lorentz generators and its Hopf and involutive structures. We point also to isomorphisms with previous related constructions. The subject of quantum integration is explored in chapter 4. We derive a formula for the integral on a finite dimensional Hopf algebra and show its equivalence to the formulation in terms of the trace of the square of the antipode. Integration on the quantum plane is also examined and a Fourier transform

  8. Finite Symplectic Matrix Groups

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The finite subgroups of GL(m, Q) are those subgroups that fix a full lattice in Q^m together with some positive definite symmetric form. A subgroup of GL(m, Q) is called symplectic, if it fixes a nondegenerate skewsymmetric form. Such groups only exist if m is even. A symplectic subgroup of GL(2n, Q) is called maximal finite symplectic if it is not properly contained in some finite symplectic subgroup of GL(2n, Q). This thesis classifies all conjugacy classes of maximal finite symplectic subg...

  9. Finite groups with transitive semipermutability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lifang WANG; Yanming WANG

    2008-01-01

    A group G is said to be a T-group (resp. PT-group, PST-group), if normality (resp. permutability, S-permutability) is a transitive relation. In this paper, we get the characterization of finite solvable PST-groups. We also give a new characterization of finite solvable PT-groups.

  10. Communication from ST Group

    CERN Multimedia

    TS Department

    2008-01-01

    In order to prepare the organization of the Open Days, please note that FM Group will not able to take into account either specific requests for waste collection from 2nd to 6th of April, either removal or PC transport requests between the 31st and the 11th of March. We kindly ask you to plan the collection of any type of waste and the urgent transport of office furniture or PC before the 31st of March. Waste collection requests shall be formulated contacting FM Support at 77777 or at the email address mailto:Fm.Support@cern.ch; removal of office furniture or PC transport requests must be made using the EDH ‘Transport request’ form selecting the "Removals" or the "PC transport" category from the drop-down menu. For any question concerning the waste sorting, please consult the following web address: http://dechets-waste.web.cern.ch/dechets-waste/. Thank you for your understanding and collaboration. TS/FM Group

  11. AO Group Annual Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olivier, S

    2005-10-04

    The Adaptive Optics (AO) Group in I Division develops and tests a broad range of advanced wavefront control technologies. Current applications focus on: Remote sensing, High power lasers, Astronomy, and Human vision. In the area of remote sensing, the AO Group leads a collaborative effort with LLNL's Nonproliferation, Arms Control & International Security (NAI) Directorate on Enhanced Surveillance Imaging. The ability to detect and identify individual people or vehicles from long-range is an important requirement for proliferation detection and homeland security. High-resolution imaging along horizontal paths through the atmosphere is limited by turbulence, which blurs and distorts the image. For ranges over {approx}one km, visible image resolution can be reduced by over an order of magnitude. We have developed an approach based on speckle imaging that can correct the turbulence-induced blurring and provide high resolution imagery. The system records a series of short exposure images which freeze the atmospheric effects. We can then estimate the image magnitude and phase using a bispectral estimation algorithm which cancels the atmospheric effects while maintaining object information at the diffraction limit of the imaging system.

  12. Communication from ST Group

    CERN Multimedia

    TS Department

    2008-01-01

    In order to prepare the organization of the Open Days, please note that FM Group will not able to take into account either specific requests for waste collection from 2nd to 6th of April, either removal or PC transport requests between the 31st and the 11th of March. We kindly ask you to plan the collection of any type of waste and the urgent transport of office furniture or PC before the 31st of March. Waste collection requests shall be formulated contacting FM Support at 77777 or at the email address mailto:Fm.Support@cern.ch; removal of office furniture or PC transport requests must be made using the EDH ‘Transport request’ form selecting the "Removals" or the "PC transport" category from the drop-down menu. For any question concerning the waste sorting, please consult the following web address: http://dechets-waste.web.cern.ch/dechets-waste/. Thank you for your understanding and collaboration. TS/FM Group

  13. Gravitation gauge group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ter-Kazarian, G. T. [Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory (Armenia)

    1997-06-01

    The suggested theory involves a drastic revision of the role of local internal symmetries in the physical concept of curved geometry. Under the reflection of fields and their dynamics from Minkowski to Riemannian space a standard gauge principle of local internal symmetries has been generalized. A gravitation gauge group is proposed, which is generated by hidden local internal symmetries. In all circumstances, it seemed to be of the greatest importance for the understanding of the physical nature of gravity. The most promising aspect in their approach so far is the fact that the energy-momentum conservation laws of gravitational interacting fields are formulated quite naturally by exploiting all the advantages of auxiliary shadow fields on flat shadow space. The mechanism developed here enables one to infer Einstein`s equation of gravitation, but only with a strong difference from Einstein`s theory at the vital point of well-defined energy-momentum tensor of gravitational field and conservation laws. The gravitational interaction as well as the general distortion of the manifold G(2.2.3) with hidden group U{sup loc} (1) has been considered.

  14. Social group and mobbing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baltezarević Vesna

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Our reality, having been subject to the numerous social crises during the last decades of the 20th century, is characterized by frequent incidences of powerlessness and alienation. The man is more frequently a subject to loneliness and overcomes the feeling of worthlessness, no matter whether he considers himself an individual or a part of a whole larger social. Such an environment leads to development of aggression in all fields of ones life. This paper has as an objective the pointing out of the mental harassment that is manifested in the working environment. There is a prevalence of mobbing cases, as a mode of pathological communication. The result of this is that a person, subjected to this kind of abuse, is soon faced with social isolation. This research also aspires to initiate the need for social groups self-organization of which victims are part of. The reaction modality of a social group directly conditions the outcome of the deliberate social drama, one is subjected to it as a result of mobbing.

  15. Group Life Insurance

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    The CERN Administration would like to remind you that staff members and fellows have the possibility to take out a life insurance contract on favourable terms through a Group Life Insurance.   This insurance is provided by the company Helvetia and is available to you on a voluntary basis. The premium, which varies depending on the age and gender of the person insured, is calculated on the basis of the amount of the death benefit chosen by the staff member/fellow and can be purchased in slices of 10,000 CHF.    The contract normally ends at the retirement age (65/67 years) or when the staff member/fellow leaves the Organization. The premium is deducted monthly from the payroll.   Upon retirement, the staff member can opt to maintain his membership under certain conditions.   More information about Group Life Insurance can be found at: Regulations (in French) Table of premiums The Pension Fund Benefit Service &...

  16. ATLAS Detector Interface Group

    CERN Multimedia

    Mapelli, L

    Originally organised as a sub-system in the DAQ/EF-1 Prototype Project, the Detector Interface Group (DIG) was an information exchange channel between the Detector systems and the Data Acquisition to provide critical detector information for prototype design and detector integration. After the reorganisation of the Trigger/DAQ Project and of Technical Coordination, the necessity to provide an adequate context for integration of detectors with the Trigger and DAQ lead to organisation of the DIG as one of the activities of Technical Coordination. Such an organisation emphasises the ATLAS wide coordination of the Trigger and DAQ exploitation aspects, which go beyond the domain of the Trigger/DAQ project itself. As part of Technical Coordination, the DIG provides the natural environment for the common work of Trigger/DAQ and detector experts. A DIG forum for a wide discussion of all the detector and Trigger/DAQ integration issues. A more restricted DIG group for the practical organisation and implementation o...

  17. Outer automorphism groups of certain 1-relator groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KIM; Goansu

    2010-01-01

    Grossman first showed that outer automorphism groups of 1-relator groups given by orientable surface groups are residually finite,whence mapping class groups of orientable surfaces are residually finite.Allenby,Kim and Tang showed that outer automorphism groups of cyclically pinched 1-relator groups are residually finite,whence mapping class groups of orientable and non-orientable surfaces are residually finite.In this paper we show that outer automorphism groups of certain conjugacy separable 1-relator groups are residually finite.

  18. Are balanced groups better? : Belbin roles in collaborative learning groups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meslec, M.N.; Curseu, P.L.

    2015-01-01

    In a sample of 459 students organized in 84 groups this study tests the impact of group role balance on teamwork quality and three performance indicators in collaborative learning groups (group cognitive complexity, perceived performance and objective performance). The results show that group role

  19. Emotional collectives : How groups shape emotions and emotions shape groups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Kleef, G.A.; Fischer, A.H.

    2016-01-01

    Group settings are epicentres of emotional activity. Yet, the role of emotions in groups is poorly understood. How do group-level phenomena shape group members’ emotional experience and expression? How are emotional expressions recognised, interpreted and shared in group settings? And how do such ex

  20. Group life insurance

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    The CERN Administration wishes to inform staff members and fellows having taken out optional life insurance under the group contract signed by CERN that the following changes to the rules and regulations entered into force on 1 January 2013:   The maximum age for an active member has been extended from 65 to 67 years. The beneficiary clause now allows insured persons to designate one or more persons of their choice to be their beneficiary(-ies), either at the time of taking out the insurance or at a later date, in which case the membership/modification form must be updated accordingly. Beneficiaries must be clearly identified (name, first name, date of birth, address).   The membership/modification form is available on the FP website: http://fp.web.cern.ch/helvetia-life-insurance For further information, please contact: Valentina Clavel (Tel. 73904) Peggy Pithioud (Tel. 72736)

  1. Grouping Synonyms by Definitions

    CERN Document Server

    Falk, Ingrid; Jacquey, Evelyne; Venant, Fabienne

    2009-01-01

    We present a method for grouping the synonyms of a lemma according to its dictionary senses. The senses are defined by a large machine readable dictionary for French, the TLFi (Tr\\'esor de la langue fran\\c{c}aise informatis\\'e) and the synonyms are given by 5 synonym dictionaries (also for French). To evaluate the proposed method, we manually constructed a gold standard where for each (word, definition) pair and given the set of synonyms defined for that word by the 5 synonym dictionaries, 4 lexicographers specified the set of synonyms they judge adequate. While inter-annotator agreement ranges on that task from 67% to at best 88% depending on the annotator pair and on the synonym dictionary being considered, the automatic procedure we propose scores a precision of 67% and a recall of 71%. The proposed method is compared with related work namely, word sense disambiguation, synonym lexicon acquisition and WordNet construction.

  2. Renormalization Group Therapy

    CERN Document Server

    Tomboulis, E T

    2007-01-01

    We point out a general problem with the procedures commonly used to obtain improved actions from MCRG decimated configurations. Straightforward measurement of the couplings from the decimated configurations, by one of the known methods, can result into actions that do not correctly reproduce the physics on the undecimated lattice. This is because the decimated configurations are generally not representative of the equilibrium configurations of the assumed form of the effective action at the measured couplings. Curing this involves fine-tuning of the chosen MCRG decimation procedure, which is also dependent on the form assumed for the effective action. We illustrate this in decimation studies of the SU(2) LGT using Swendsen and Double Smeared Blocking decimation procedures. A single-plaquette improved action involving five group representations and free of this pathology is given.

  3. NOSS science working group

    Science.gov (United States)

    The members of the NOSS Science Working Group are John Apel, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratories/NOAA; Tim Barnett, Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Francis Bretherton (chairman), National Center for Atmospheric Research; Otis Brown, University of Miami; Joost Businger, University of Washington; Garrett Campbell, NCAR; Mark Cane, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Robert Edwards, National Marine Fisheries Service/NOAA; James Mueller, Naval Postgraduate School; Peter Niiler, Oregon State University; James J. O'Brien, Florida State University; Norman Phillips, National Meteorological Center/NOAA; Owen Phillips, The Johns Hopkins University; Stephen Piacsek, NSTL Station, NORDA; Trevor Platt, Bedford Institute of Oceanography; Stephen Pond, University of British Columbia; Stanley Ruttenberg (executive secretary), NCAR; William Schmitz, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; Jerry Schubel, State University of New York; Robert Stewart, Scripps; Norbert Untersteiner, NOAA; and Alan Weinstein, Naval Environmental Prediction Research Facility.

  4. Graphs, groups and surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    White, AT

    1985-01-01

    The field of topological graph theory has expanded greatly in the ten years since the first edition of this book appeared. The original nine chapters of this classic work have therefore been revised and updated. Six new chapters have been added, dealing with: voltage graphs, non-orientable imbeddings, block designs associated with graph imbeddings, hypergraph imbeddings, map automorphism groups and change ringing.Thirty-two new problems have been added to this new edition, so that there are now 181 in all; 22 of these have been designated as ``difficult'''' and 9 as ``unsolved''''. Three of the four unsolved problems from the first edition have been solved in the ten years between editions; they are now marked as ``difficult''''.

  5. Gutzwiller renormalization group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanatà, Nicola; Yao, Yong-Xin; Deng, Xiaoyu; Wang, Cai-Zhuang; Ho, Kai-Ming; Kotliar, Gabriel

    2016-01-01

    We develop a variational scheme called the "Gutzwiller renormalization group" (GRG), which enables us to calculate the ground state of Anderson impurity models (AIM) with arbitrary numerical precision. Our method exploits the low-entanglement property of the ground state of local Hamiltonians in combination with the framework of the Gutzwiller wave function and indicates that the ground state of the AIM has a very simple structure, which can be represented very accurately in terms of a surprisingly small number of variational parameters. We perform benchmark calculations of the single-band AIM that validate our theory and suggest that the GRG might enable us to study complex systems beyond the reach of the other methods presently available and pave the way to interesting generalizations, e.g., to nonequilibrium transport in nanostructures.

  6. Renormalization Group Tutorial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, Thomas L.

    2004-01-01

    Complex physical systems sometimes have statistical behavior characterized by power- law dependence on the parameters of the system and spatial variability with no particular characteristic scale as the parameters approach critical values. The renormalization group (RG) approach was developed in the fields of statistical mechanics and quantum field theory to derive quantitative predictions of such behavior in cases where conventional methods of analysis fail. Techniques based on these ideas have since been extended to treat problems in many different fields, and in particular, the behavior of turbulent fluids. This lecture will describe a relatively simple but nontrivial example of the RG approach applied to the diffusion of photons out of a stellar medium when the photons have wavelengths near that of an emission line of atoms in the medium.

  7. Working Group Report: Sensors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Artuso, M.; et al.,

    2013-10-18

    Sensors play a key role in detecting both charged particles and photons for all three frontiers in Particle Physics. The signals from an individual sensor that can be used include ionization deposited, phonons created, or light emitted from excitations of the material. The individual sensors are then typically arrayed for detection of individual particles or groups of particles. Mounting of new, ever higher performance experiments, often depend on advances in sensors in a range of performance characteristics. These performance metrics can include position resolution for passing particles, time resolution on particles impacting the sensor, and overall rate capabilities. In addition the feasible detector area and cost frequently provides a limit to what can be built and therefore is often another area where improvements are important. Finally, radiation tolerance is becoming a requirement in a broad array of devices. We present a status report on a broad category of sensors, including challenges for the future and work in progress to solve those challenges.

  8. Representation Theory of Algebraic Groups and Quantum Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Gyoja, A; Shinoda, K-I; Shoji, T; Tanisaki, Toshiyuki

    2010-01-01

    Invited articles by top notch expertsFocus is on topics in representation theory of algebraic groups and quantum groupsOf interest to graduate students and researchers in representation theory, group theory, algebraic geometry, quantum theory and math physics

  9. Development of new group members' in-group and out-group stereotypes: changes in perceived group variability and ethnocentrism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, C S; Bogart, L M

    1997-10-01

    Changes in new members' in-group and out-group stereotypes were examined, distinguishing among three stereotype components: stereotypicality, dispersion, and ethnocentrism. Pledges in 4 sororities judged their in-group and out-groups 4 times during their 8-month induction. Overall, out-groups were judged more stereotypically than in-groups at every wave. Although out-groups were initially perceived as more dispersed than in-groups, decreased out-group dispersion resulted in a shift toward out-group homogeneity. Ethnocentrism was present at every wave but decreased because of decreased in-group positivity. The authors discuss implications of these results for existing explanations of stereotype development. It is suggested that other aspects of group socialization (R.L. Moreland & J.M. Levine, 1982) are needed to explain fully the development of intergroup perceptions for new group members.

  10. Cluster functional renormalization group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reuther, Johannes; Thomale, Ronny

    2014-01-01

    Functional renormalization group (FRG) has become a diverse and powerful tool to derive effective low-energy scattering vertices of interacting many-body systems. Starting from a free expansion point of the action, the flow of the RG parameter Λ allows us to trace the evolution of the effective one- and two-particle vertices towards low energies by taking into account the vertex corrections between all parquet channels in an unbiased fashion. In this work, we generalize the expansion point at which the diagrammatic resummation procedure is initiated from a free UV limit to a cluster product state. We formulate a cluster FRG scheme where the noninteracting building blocks (i.e., decoupled spin clusters) are treated exactly, and the intercluster couplings are addressed via RG. As a benchmark study, we apply our cluster FRG scheme to the spin-1/2 bilayer Heisenberg model (BHM) on a square lattice where the neighboring sites in the two layers form the individual two-site clusters. Comparing with existing numerical evidence for the BHM, we obtain reasonable findings for the spin susceptibility, the spin-triplet excitation energy, and quasiparticle weight even in coupling regimes close to antiferromagnetic order. The concept of cluster FRG promises applications to a large class of interacting electron systems.

  11. The analytic renormalization group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrari, Frank

    2016-08-01

    Finite temperature Euclidean two-point functions in quantum mechanics or quantum field theory are characterized by a discrete set of Fourier coefficients Gk, k ∈ Z, associated with the Matsubara frequencies νk = 2 πk / β. We show that analyticity implies that the coefficients Gk must satisfy an infinite number of model-independent linear equations that we write down explicitly. In particular, we construct "Analytic Renormalization Group" linear maps Aμ which, for any choice of cut-off μ, allow to express the low energy Fourier coefficients for |νk | < μ (with the possible exception of the zero mode G0), together with the real-time correlators and spectral functions, in terms of the high energy Fourier coefficients for |νk | ≥ μ. Operating a simple numerical algorithm, we show that the exact universal linear constraints on Gk can be used to systematically improve any random approximate data set obtained, for example, from Monte-Carlo simulations. Our results are illustrated on several explicit examples.

  12. Group Milieu in systemic and psychodynamic group therapy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lau, Marianne Engelbrecht

    in a randomized study of systemic versus psychodynamic group therapy, that the short-term outcome for patients who received systemic group psychotherapy was significantly better than the outcome for patients who received psychodynamic group psychotherapy. The current study assessed the group milieu in both groups....... Methods: This randomized prospective study included 106 women: 52 assigned to psychodynamic group psychotherapy and 54 assigned to systemic group psychotherapy. The Group Environment Scale (GES) was filled in the mid phase of therapy and analysed in three dimensions and 10 subscales. Results: The systemic...... group was characterized by statistically significant highest scores on Relationship (ES = 1.27) and System Maintenance / Change Dimension (ES= 1.28), while the scores for Personal Growth Dimension were comparable in the two groups. Group S had statistically significant higher scores on the following...

  13. Introduction to complex reflection groups and their braid groups

    CERN Document Server

    Broué, Michel

    2010-01-01

    Weyl groups are particular cases of complex reflection groups, i.e. finite subgroups of GLr(C) generated by (pseudo)reflections. These are groups whose polynomial ring of invariants is a polynomial algebra. It has recently been discovered that complex reflection groups play a key role in the theory of finite reductive groups, giving rise as they do to braid groups and generalized Hecke algebras which govern the representation theory of finite reductive groups. It is now also broadly agreed upon that many of the known properties of Weyl groups can be generalized to complex reflection groups. The purpose of this work is to present a fairly extensive treatment of many basic properties of complex reflection groups (characterization, Steinberg theorem, Gutkin-Opdam matrices, Solomon theorem and applications, etc.) including the basic findings of Springer theory on eigenspaces. In doing so, we also introduce basic definitions and properties of the associated braid groups, as well as a quick introduction to Bessis' ...

  14. The Automorphism Groups of the Groups of Order 32p

    CERN Document Server

    Becker, Elaine W

    2009-01-01

    The results of computer computations determining the automorphism groups of the groups of order 32$p$ for $p \\geq 3$ are given in several tables. Presentations for the automorphism groups of the groups of order 32, which in many cases appear as direct product factors in the automorphism groups of order $32p$, are also presented for completeness. Many of the groups of order 32$p$ with a normal sylow $p$-subgroup have automorphism groups of the form: Hol($C_p$)$ \\times $Invariant Factor. A suggestion is made as to how one might determine this invariant factor using only information on the automorphism group of the 2-group associated with the group of order 32$p$, and the normal subgroup of the 2-group associated with the extension of the group of order $32p$. Some general comments on the groups of order $32p^2$ and their automorphism groups are made. A few explicit calculations for the groups of order $32p^2$ are reported here. Knowing the automorphism groups for the groups of order $32p$ enables us to explicit...

  15. Fermilab Steering Group Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steering Group, Fermilab; /Fermilab

    2007-12-01

    The Fermilab Steering Group has developed a plan to keep U.S. accelerator-based particle physics on the pathway to discovery, both at the Terascale with the LHC and the ILC and in the domain of neutrinos and precision physics with a high-intensity accelerator. The plan puts discovering Terascale physics with the LHC and the ILC as Fermilab's highest priority. While supporting ILC development, the plan creates opportunities for exciting science at the intensity frontier. If the ILC remains near the Global Design Effort's technically driven timeline, Fermilab would continue neutrino science with the NOvA experiment, using the NuMI (Neutrinos at the Main Injector) proton plan, scheduled to begin operating in 2011. If ILC construction must wait somewhat longer, Fermilab's plan proposes SNuMI, an upgrade of NuMI to create a more powerful neutrino beam. If the ILC start is postponed significantly, a central feature of the proposed Fermilab plan calls for building an intense proton facility, Project X, consisting of a linear accelerator with the currently planned characteristics of the ILC combined with Fermilab's existing Recycler Ring and the Main Injector accelerator. The major component of Project X is the linac. Cryomodules, radio-frequency distribution, cryogenics and instrumentation for the linac are the same as or similar to those used in the ILC at a scale of about one percent of a full ILC linac. Project X's intense proton beams would open a path to discovery in neutrino science and in precision physics with charged leptons and quarks. World-leading experiments would allow physicists to address key questions of the Quantum Universe: How did the universe come to be? Are there undiscovered principles of nature: new symmetries, new physical laws? Do all the particles and forces become one? What happened to the antimatter? Building Project X's ILC-like linac would offer substantial support for ILC development by accelerating the

  16. Fermilab Steering Group Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beier, Eugene; /Pennsylvania U.; Butler, Joel; /Fermilab; Dawson, Sally; /Brookhaven; Edwards, Helen; /Fermilab; Himel, Thomas; /SLAC; Holmes, Stephen; /Fermilab; Kim, Young-Kee; /Fermilab /Chicago U.; Lankford, Andrew; /UC, Irvine; McGinnis, David; /Fermilab; Nagaitsev, Sergei; /Fermilab; Raubenheimer, Tor; /SLAC /Fermilab

    2007-01-01

    The Fermilab Steering Group has developed a plan to keep U.S. accelerator-based particle physics on the pathway to discovery, both at the Terascale with the LHC and the ILC and in the domain of neutrinos and precision physics with a high-intensity accelerator. The plan puts discovering Terascale physics with the LHC and the ILC as Fermilab's highest priority. While supporting ILC development, the plan creates opportunities for exciting science at the intensity frontier. If the ILC remains near the Global Design Effort's technically driven timeline, Fermilab would continue neutrino science with the NOVA experiment, using the NuMI (Neutrinos at the Main Injector) proton plan, scheduled to begin operating in 2011. If ILC construction must wait somewhat longer, Fermilab's plan proposes SNuMI, an upgrade of NuMI to create a more powerful neutrino beam. If the ILC start is postponed significantly, a central feature of the proposed Fermilab plan calls for building an intense proton facility, Project X, consisting of a linear accelerator with the currently planned characteristics of the ILC combined with Fermilab's existing Recycler Ring and the Main Injector accelerator. The major component of Project X is the linac. Cryomodules, radio-frequency distribution, cryogenics and instrumentation for the linac are the same as or similar to those used in the ILC at a scale of about one percent of a full ILC linac. Project X's intense proton beams would open a path to discovery in neutrino science and in precision physics with charged leptons and quarks. World-leading experiments would allow physicists to address key questions of the Quantum Universe: How did the universe come to be? Are there undiscovered principles of nature: new symmetries, new physical laws? Do all the particles and forces become one? What happened to the antimatter? Building Project X's ILC-like linac would offer substantial support for ILC development by accelerating the

  17. Group B Streptococcus and Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... B Strep and Pregnancy • What is group B streptococcus (GBS)? • What does it mean to be colonized ... planned cesarean birth? •Glossary What is group B streptococcus (GBS)? Group B streptococcus is one of the ...

  18. Harmonic Analysis and Group Representation

    CERN Document Server

    Figa-Talamanca, Alessandro

    2011-01-01

    This title includes: Lectures - A. Auslander, R. Tolimeri - Nilpotent groups and abelian varieties, M Cowling - Unitary and uniformly bounded representations of some simple Lie groups, M. Duflo - Construction de representations unitaires d'un groupe de Lie, R. Howe - On a notion of rank for unitary representations of the classical groups, V.S. Varadarajan - Eigenfunction expansions of semisimple Lie groups, and R. Zimmer - Ergodic theory, group representations and rigidity; and, Seminars - A. Koranyi - Some applications of Gelfand pairs in classical analysis.

  19. Post-Disaster Social Justice Group Work and Group Supervision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemak, Fred; Chung, Rita Chi-Ying

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses post-disaster group counseling and group supervision using a social justice orientation for working with post-disaster survivors from underserved populations. The Disaster Cross-Cultural Counseling model is a culturally responsive group counseling model that infuses social justice into post-disaster group counseling and…

  20. Group Leader Development: Effects of Personal Growth and Psychoeducational Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohrt, Jonathan H.; Robinson, E. H., III; Hagedorn, W. Bryce

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to compare the effects of personal growth groups and psychoeducational groups on counselor education students' (n = 74) empathy and group leader self-efficacy. Additionally, we compared the degree to which participants in each group valued: (a) cohesion, (b) catharsis, and (c) insight. There were no…

  1. A Comparison of Workplace Groups with Groups in Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, George M.; James, Joyce E.

    The use of groups in both the workplace and schools has been increasing. In the workplace, groups reflective of a growing trend toward worker participation in management have been variously referred to as self-managing work teams, self-directed work groups, quality circles, autonomous work groups, and cross-functional teams. Schools have used many…

  2. On the Central Automorphism Groups of Finite p-Groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ali-Reza Jamali; Hamid Mousavi

    2002-01-01

    Using the concept of isoclinism, we study closely the center of the group Autc(G) of central automorphisms for a certain class of finite p-groups G.We also give some necessary and sufficient conditions on a finite purely non-abelian p-group G of class 2 (p odd) for the group Autc(G) to be elementary abelian.

  3. Interagency Advanced Power Group -- Steering group meeting minutes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-11-18

    This document contains the draft meeting minutes of the Steering Group of the Interagency Advanced Power Group. Included are the discussions resulting from the presentation of working group reports and the results of a discussion of IAPG policies and procedures. In the appendix are the reports of the following working groups: Electrical, Mechanical, Solar, and Systems.

  4. Abstract Lie groups and locally compact topological groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacek Lech

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available We introduce a notion of abstract Lie group by means of the mapping which plays the role of the evolution operator. We show some basic properties of such groups very similar to the fundamentals of the infinite dimensional Lie theory. Next we give remarkable examples of abstract Lie groups which are not necessarily usual Lie groups. In particular, by making use of Yamabe theorem we prove that any locally compact topological group admits the structure of abstract Lie group and that the Lie algebra and the exponential mapping of it coincide with those determined by the Lie group structure.

  5. Emotional collectives: How groups shape emotions and emotions shape groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Kleef, Gerben A; Fischer, Agneta H

    2016-01-01

    Group settings are epicentres of emotional activity. Yet, the role of emotions in groups is poorly understood. How do group-level phenomena shape group members' emotional experience and expression? How are emotional expressions recognised, interpreted and shared in group settings? And how do such expressions influence the emotions, cognitions and behaviours of fellow group members and outside observers? To answer these and other questions, we draw on relevant theoretical perspectives (e.g., intergroup emotions theory, social appraisal theory and emotions as social information theory) and recent empirical findings regarding the role of emotions in groups. We organise our review according to two overarching themes: how groups shape emotions and how emotions shape groups. We show how novel empirical approaches break important new ground in uncovering the role of emotions in groups. Research on emotional collectives is thriving and constitutes a key to understanding the social nature of emotions.

  6. ON COLEMAN OUTER AUTOMORPHISM GROUPS OF FINITE GROUPS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    海进科; 李正兴

    2014-01-01

    Let G be a finite group and OutCol(G) the Coleman outer automorphism group of G(for the definition, see below). The question whether OutCol(G) is a p′-group naturally arises from the study of the normalizer problem for integral group rings, where p is a prime. In this article, some sufficient conditions for OutCol(G) to be a p′-group are obtained. Our results generalize some well-known theorems.

  7. Anomaly-safe discrete groups

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chen, Mu-Chun, E-mail: muchunc@uci.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-4575 (United States); Fallbacher, Maximilian, E-mail: m.fallbacher@tum.de [Physik–Department T30, Technische Universität München, James–Franck–Straße 1, 85748 Garching (Germany); Ratz, Michael, E-mail: michael.ratz@tum.de [Physik–Department T30, Technische Universität München, James–Franck–Straße 1, 85748 Garching (Germany); Trautner, Andreas, E-mail: andreas.trautner@tum.de [Physik–Department T30, Technische Universität München, James–Franck–Straße 1, 85748 Garching (Germany); Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstraße 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); Vaudrevange, Patrick K.S., E-mail: patrick.vaudrevange@tum.de [Excellence Cluster Universe, Boltzmannstraße 2, 85748 Garching (Germany); TUM Institute for Advanced Study, Lichtenbergstraße 2a, 85748 Garching (Germany); Arnold Sommerfeld Center for Theoretical Physics, Ludwig–Maximilians–Universität München, Theresienstraße 37, 80333 München (Germany)

    2015-07-30

    We show that there is a class of finite groups, the so-called perfect groups, which cannot exhibit anomalies. This implies that all non-Abelian finite simple groups are anomaly-free. On the other hand, non-perfect groups generically suffer from anomalies. We present two different ways that allow one to understand these statements.

  8. Anomaly-safe discrete groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mu-Chun Chen

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available We show that there is a class of finite groups, the so-called perfect groups, which cannot exhibit anomalies. This implies that all non-Abelian finite simple groups are anomaly-free. On the other hand, non-perfect groups generically suffer from anomalies. We present two different ways that allow one to understand these statements.

  9. 2010 Chemical Working Group Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid, Concha M.

    2010-01-01

    The Steering Group for the Interagency Advanced Power Group (IAPG) held their business meeting on November 30-December 1st in McLean, Virginia. Status reports were presented from each of the IAPG's Working Groups. These charts contain a brief summary of the IAPG Chemical Working Group's activities during 2010 and its plans for 2011.

  10. About Hebei Jianxin Construction Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ Hebei Jianxin Construction (Group) Ltd. was incorporated in August 1984. As the holding company, Hebei Jianxin Construction (Group)Ltd. along with five companies under its holding, such as Baoding New Generation Real Estate Development Co., Ltd. and Baoding New Generation Property Management Co., Ltd., formed Hebei Jianxin Architectural Group (hereafter, the Group).

  11. Short Conjugators in Solvable Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Sale, Andrew W

    2011-01-01

    We give an upper bound on the size of short conjugators in certain solvable groups. Diestel-Leader graphs, which are a horocyclic product of trees, are discussed briefly and used to study the lamplighter groups. The other solvable groups we look at can be recognised in a similar vein, as groups which act on a horocyclic product of well known spaces. These include the Baumslag-Solitar groups BS(1,q) and semidirect products of Z^n with Z^k. Results can also be applied to the conjugacy of parabolic elements in Hilbert modular groups and to elements in 3-manifold groups.

  12. Maximal subgroups of finite groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Srinivasan

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available In finite groups maximal subgroups play a very important role. Results in the literature show that if the maximal subgroup has a very small index in the whole group then it influences the structure of the group itself. In this paper we study the case when the index of the maximal subgroups of the groups have a special type of relation with the Fitting subgroup of the group.

  13. Interrelation of group, micro-group and interpersonal identities of employees in production groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidorenkov A.V.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article represents the results of mathematical and statistical analysis of the links between the levels of the identity of employees (group, micro-group and interpersonal by three components (cognitive, affective and behavioral in 37 industrial groups with expertise in different fields. The significant linear relationship between micro-group and interpersonal identity (for all components, high linear relationship between group identity and micro-group identity (only for affective component and the lack of linear relationship between the components of inter- personal and group identity are revealed. Higher influence of group identity on micro-group (for all components and interpersonal identity (for cognitive and behavioral components is found out in the totality of intercorrelation between group, micro-group and interpersonal identities. Non-linear relationship between group and micro-group identity for all components is revealed. This non-linear relation indicates that increase in expressiveness of one of the components of group iden- tity leads to decrease in expressiveness of the respective component of micro-group identity. This effect occurs until definite moment, after which, on the contrary, further reinforcement of the components of group identity leads to the increase in expressiveness of micro-group identity. These established consistent patterns are interpreted in the article.

  14. Does group efficacy increase group identification? Resolving their paradoxical relationship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Zomeren, Martijn; Leach, Colin Wayne; Spears, Russell

    2010-01-01

    Although group identification and group efficacy are both important predictors of collective action against collective disadvantage, there is mixed evidence for their (causal) relationship. Meta-analytic and correlational evidence suggests an overall positive relationship that has been interpreted a

  15. Groups possessing extensive hierarchical decompositions

    CERN Document Server

    Januszkiewicz, T; Leary, I J

    2009-01-01

    Kropholler's class of groups is the smallest class of groups which contains all finite groups and is closed under the following operator: whenever $G$ admits a finite-dimensional contractible $G$-CW-complex in which all stabilizer groups are in the class, then $G$ is itself in the class. Kropholler's class admits a hierarchical structure, i.e., a natural filtration indexed by the ordinals. For example, stage 0 of the hierarchy is the class of all finite groups, and stage 1 contains all groups of finite virtual cohomological dimension. We show that for each countable ordinal $\\alpha$, there is a countable group that is in Kropholler's class which does not appear until the $\\alpha+1$st stage of the hierarchy. Previously this was known only for $\\alpha= 0$, 1 and 2. The groups that we construct contain torsion. We also review the construction of a torsion-free group that lies in the third stage of the hierarchy.

  16. Secure Group Communications for Large Dynamic Multicast Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jing; Zhou Mingtian

    2003-01-01

    As the major problem in multicast security, the group key management has been the focus of research But few results are satisfactory. In this paper, the problems of group key management and access control for large dynamic multicast group have been researched and a solution based on SubGroup Secure Controllers (SGSCs) is presented, which solves many problems in IOLUS system and WGL scheme.

  17. Growth of Automorphism Groups of Relatively Free Groups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    V. Drensky; A.I. Papistas

    2001-01-01

    We introduce a new growth function for automorphism groups of residually nilpotent relatively free groups Fn(V) and study its behavior. We prove that, under some natural restrictions, the growth of the group of tame automorphisms of Fn(V) is equal to the growth of the automorphism group of Fn(V), and coincides with the growth of the Lie algebra over Q associated with Fn (V). Applications of our techniques are given.

  18. Intensifying the Group Member's Experience Using the Group Log.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valine, Warren J.

    1983-01-01

    Presents the use of a group log in which members analyze the content and process of each session using a suggested format. The log promotes dialogue between the leader and each group member and involves members more fully in the group process. Feedback indicates the log is valuable. (JAC)

  19. Re-Examining Group Development in Adventure Therapy Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeGraaf, Don; Ashby, Jeff

    1998-01-01

    Small-group development is an important aspect of adventure therapy. Supplementing knowledge of sequential stages of group development with knowledge concerning within-stage nonsequential development yields a richer understanding of groups. Integrating elements of the individual counseling relationship (working alliance, transference, and real…

  20. How Much "Group" Is There in Online Group Work?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowes, Susan

    2014-01-01

    The ability to work in groups across time and space has become a frequent requirement for the workplace and is increasingly common in higher education, but there is a surprising lack of research on how online groups work. This research applies analytic approaches used in studies of face-to-face classroom "talk" to multiple groups in two…

  1. The influence of ethnic group composition on focus group discussions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Greenwood, Nan; Ellmers, Theresa; Holley, Jess

    2014-01-01

    ... of importance to them in their own words [2]. They are particularly useful for gaining insight from minority ethnic groups [1, 3] because of their sensitivity to cultural variables [2, 4]. One of the main differences between focus groups and one-to-one interviews is the interaction between participants. Focus group participants can...

  2. An Exploration of Group and Member Development in Experiential Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohrt, Jonathan H.; Prochenko, Yulia; Stulmaker, Hayley; Huffman, David; Fernando, Delini; Swan, Karrie

    2014-01-01

    In this phenomenological study, we explored 52 group members' development in experiential groups. Specifically, participants completed 10 weekly journal reflections about their experiences as members and also reflected on the group's overall development. Four overall themes--exploration, transition, working, closure--as well as multiple subthemes…

  3. Saving Face and Group Identity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksson, Tor; Mao, Lei; Villeval, Marie-Claire

    2015-01-01

    their self- but also other group members' image. This behavior is frequent even in the absence of group identity. When group identity is more salient, individuals help regardless of whether the least performer is an in-group or an out-group. This suggests that saving others' face is a strong social norm.......Are people willing to sacrifice resources to save one's and others' face? In a laboratory experiment, we study whether individuals forego resources to avoid the public exposure of the least performer in their group. We show that a majority of individuals are willing to pay to preserve not only...

  4. Group analysis of differential equations

    CERN Document Server

    Ovsiannikov, L V

    1982-01-01

    Group Analysis of Differential Equations provides a systematic exposition of the theory of Lie groups and Lie algebras and its application to creating algorithms for solving the problems of the group analysis of differential equations.This text is organized into eight chapters. Chapters I to III describe the one-parameter group with its tangential field of vectors. The nonstandard treatment of the Banach Lie groups is reviewed in Chapter IV, including a discussion of the complete theory of Lie group transformations. Chapters V and VI cover the construction of partial solution classes for the g

  5. Quantization on nilpotent Lie groups

    CERN Document Server

    Fischer, Veronique

    2016-01-01

    This book presents a consistent development of the Kohn-Nirenberg type global quantization theory in the setting of graded nilpotent Lie groups in terms of their representations. It contains a detailed exposition of related background topics on homogeneous Lie groups, nilpotent Lie groups, and the analysis of Rockland operators on graded Lie groups together with their associated Sobolev spaces. For the specific example of the Heisenberg group the theory is illustrated in detail. In addition, the book features a brief account of the corresponding quantization theory in the setting of compact Lie groups. The monograph is the winner of the 2014 Ferran Sunyer i Balaguer Prize.

  6. Group Lasso with Overlaps: the Latent Group Lasso approach

    CERN Document Server

    Obozinski, Guillaume; Vert, Jean-Philippe

    2011-01-01

    We study a norm for structured sparsity which leads to sparse linear predictors whose supports are unions of prede ned overlapping groups of variables. We call the obtained formulation latent group Lasso, since it is based on applying the usual group Lasso penalty on a set of latent variables. A detailed analysis of the norm and its properties is presented and we characterize conditions under which the set of groups associated with latent variables are correctly identi ed. We motivate and discuss the delicate choice of weights associated to each group, and illustrate this approach on simulated data and on the problem of breast cancer prognosis from gene expression data.

  7. Riemannian means on special euclidean group and unipotent matrices group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Xiaomin; Sun, Huafei; Peng, Linyu

    2013-01-01

    Among the noncompact matrix Lie groups, the special Euclidean group and the unipotent matrix group play important roles in both theoretic and applied studies. The Riemannian means of a finite set of the given points on the two matrix groups are investigated, respectively. Based on the left invariant metric on the matrix Lie groups, the geodesic between any two points is gotten. And the sum of the geodesic distances is taken as the cost function, whose minimizer is the Riemannian mean. Moreover, a Riemannian gradient algorithm for computing the Riemannian mean on the special Euclidean group and an iterative formula for that on the unipotent matrix group are proposed, respectively. Finally, several numerical simulations in the 3-dimensional case are given to illustrate our results.

  8. Group performance and decision making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerr, Norbert L; Tindale, R Scott

    2004-01-01

    Theory and research on small group performance and decision making is reviewed. Recent trends in group performance research have found that process gains as well as losses are possible, and both are frequently explained by situational and procedural contexts that differentially affect motivation and resource coordination. Research has continued on classic topics (e.g., brainstorming, group goal setting, stress, and group performance) and relatively new areas (e.g., collective induction). Group decision making research has focused on preference combination for continuous response distributions and group information processing. New approaches (e.g., group-level signal detection) and traditional topics (e.g., groupthink) are discussed. New directions, such as nonlinear dynamic systems, evolutionary adaptation, and technological advances, should keep small group research vigorous well into the future.

  9. Group discussion improves lie detection

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nadav Klein; Nicholas Epley

    2015-01-01

    ... identify when a person is lying. These experiments demonstrate that the group advantage in lie detection comes through the process of group discussion, and is not a product of aggregating individual opinions...

  10. Neutral Hydrogen in Galaxy Groups

    CERN Document Server

    McKay, N P F; Brough, S; Forbes, D A; Barnes, D G

    2002-01-01

    We present preliminary results from a study of the neutral hydrogen (HI) properties of an X-ray selected sample of nearby loose galaxy groups. This forms part of a multi-wavelength investigation (X-ray, optical and radio) of the formation and evolution of galaxies within a group environment. Some initial findings of an ATNF Parkes Multibeam wide-area neutral hydrogen imaging survey of 17 nearby galaxy groups include two new, potentially isolated clouds of HI in the NGC 1052 and NGC 5044 groups and significant amounts of HI within the group virial radii of groups NGC 3557 and IC 1459 - two groups with complex X-ray structures that suggest they may still be in the act of virialisation. Here we present ATCA high-resolution synthesis-imaging follow-up observations of the distribution and kinematics of HI in these four groups.

  11. Differential calculi on finite groups

    CERN Document Server

    Castellani, L

    1999-01-01

    A brief review of bicovariant differential calculi on finite groups is given, with some new developments on diffeomorphisms and integration. We illustrate the general theory with the example of the nonabelian finite group S_3.

  12. On -supersolvability of finite groups

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Izabela Agata Malinowska

    2015-05-01

    A number of authors have studied the structure of a group under the assumption that some subgroups of are well located in . We will obtain some new criteria of -supersolvability and -nilpotency of groups.

  13. PRICE DISCRIMINATION THROUGH GROUP BUYING

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    This paper argues that when consumers are heterogeneous in group-buying costs, a monopolist seller may practice price discrimination through inducing certain consumers to participate in group buying. In contrast to the standard model, the optimal quantity/quality level for low valuation consumers without group buying is further distorted downward, whereas the levels for other consumers are socially optimal. Inducing group buying is more favorable when the proportion of high valuation consumer...

  14. Lie groups and automorphic forms

    CERN Document Server

    Ji, Lizhen; Xu, H W; Yau, Shing-Tung

    2006-01-01

    Lie groups are fundamental objects in mathematics. They occur naturally in differential geometry, algebraic geometry, representation theory, number theory, and other areas. Closely related are arithmetic subgroups, locally symmetric spaces and the spectral theory of automorphic forms. This book consists of five chapters which give comprehensive introductions to Lie groups, Lie algebras, arithmetic groups and reduction theories, cohomology of arithmetic groups, and the Petersson and Kuznetsov trace formulas.

  15. On The Harmonic Oscillator Group

    CERN Document Server

    Lopez, Raquel M; Vega-Guzman, Jose M

    2011-01-01

    We discuss the maximum kinematical invariance group of the quantum harmonic oscillator from a view point of the Ermakov-type system. The invariance group of generalized driven harmonic oscillator is shown to be isomorphic to the corresponding Schroedinger group of the free particle.

  16. Designing for informed group formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh; Juel Jacobsen, Alice; Riis, Marianne

    2012-01-01

    A new design ―project preparation‖ preparing for the group formation in problem based project work is proposed and investigated. The main problem is to overcome group formation based on existing relations. The hypothesis is that theme development and group formation are somewhat counterproductive...

  17. The Variety of Group Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HaoYanyan; YuZhihao

    2004-01-01

    With the rapid enrollment expansion in the recent years,the author feels it urgent to reform the traditional group work,and therefore to form a new and more effective pattern of group learning. The new of group word is based on the principles of cooperation and that of the task with the more flexible marking system.

  18. Group Cooperation in Outdoor Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Bruce E.

    1978-01-01

    Utilizing the Beatles' Yellow Submarine fantasy (e.g., the Blue Meanies), this outdoor education program is designed for sixth graders and special education students. Activities developed at the Cortland Resident Outdoor Education Camp include a series of group stress/challenge activities to be accomplished by everyone in the group, as a group.…

  19. Group Assessment and Structured Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Warren; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Two new techniques that were used with a group of seven blind, multiply handicapped young adults in a half-way house are described. Structured learning therapy is a social skills training technique and group assessment is a method of averaging psychological data on a group of clients to facilitate program planning based on client needs.…

  20. Internal communication in corporate groups

    OpenAIRE

    Grzesik, Katarzyna

    2015-01-01

    This chapter is dedicated to internal communication in corporate groups. It discusses internal communication systems operating in the explored corporate groups and their significance for effective human resources management in those organisations. The chapter presents both the theoretical analysis based on the results of literature studies, and empirical research carried out in the explored groups. Narodowe Centrum Nauki Katarzyna Grzesik

  1. Gestation group housing of sows

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spoolder, H.A.M.; Vermeer, H.M.

    2015-01-01

    Group housing of gestating sows is currently replacing individual housing systems around the world. Modern group housing systems allow performance in groups to be equal to that in individual housing systems. A crucial element in the success of a housing system is the way in which it deals with

  2. Strategies for Successful Group Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nipp, Mary Beth; Palenque, Stephanie Maher

    The thought of group work, or CLC Groups often strikes fear and loathing in the hearts and minds of both students and instructors. According to Swan, Shen, and Hiltz (2006) collaborative work presents the possibilities of many difficulties including a largely unequal contribution of group participants, an inability of the students to manage the…

  3. Empowering Groups that Enable Play

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, David Sloan; Marshall, Danielle; Iserhott, Hindi

    2011-01-01

    Creating play environments for children usually requires groups of adults working together. An extensive scientific literature describes how groups function to achieve shared goals in general terms, and groups attempting to empower play may find this literature useful. Design principles for managing natural resources, identified by Elinor Ostrom…

  4. group

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Results: The Suri have an old tradition of practicing child spacing. The reasons for .... to closely spaced births as in Bangladesh (11), and the constant threat of violence and ... increasing population and labor migration to urban areas, that often ...

  5. Locally minimal topological groups 1

    OpenAIRE

    Chasco, María Jesús; Dikranjan, Dikran N.; Außenhofer, Lydia; Domínguez, Xabier

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to go deeper into the study of local minimality and its connection to some naturally related properties. A Hausdorff topological group ▫$(G,tau)$▫ is called locally minimal if there exists a neighborhood ▫$U$▫ of 0 in ▫$tau$▫ such that ▫$U$▫ fails to be a neighborhood of zero in any Hausdorff group topology on ▫$G$▫ which is strictly coarser than ▫$tau$▫. Examples of locally minimal groups are all subgroups of Banach-Lie groups, all locally compact groups and all mini...

  6. Defining and Classifying Interest Groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baroni, Laura; Carroll, Brendan; Chalmers, Adam;

    2014-01-01

    The interest group concept is defined in many different ways in the existing literature and a range of different classification schemes are employed. This complicates comparisons between different studies and their findings. One of the important tasks faced by interest group scholars engaged...... in large-N studies is therefore to define the concept of an interest group and to determine which classification scheme to use for different group types. After reviewing the existing literature, this article sets out to compare different approaches to defining and classifying interest groups with a sample...

  7. Stereotypes of Norwegian social groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bye, Hege H; Herrebrøden, Henrik; Hjetland, Gunnhild J; Røyset, Guro Ø; Westby, Linda L

    2014-10-01

    We present a pilot study and two main studies that address the nature of stereotypes of social groups in Norway within the framework of the Stereotype Content Model (SCM). The first study focused on stereotypes of a wide range of groups across categories such as gender, age, religious conviction, socioeconomic and health status. The second study focused on stereotypes of immigrant groups. Participants (n = 244 and n = 63, respectively) rated the groups on perceived warmth, competence, status, and competition. Results from both studies support the applicability of the SCM in Norway and provides a unique insight into stereotypes of Norwegian social groups.

  8. Little Groups of Preon Branes

    CERN Document Server

    Mkrtchyan, H G

    2003-01-01

    Little groups for preon branes (i.e. configurations of branes with maximal (n-1)/n fraction of survived supersymmetry) for dimensions d=2,3,...,11 are calculated for all massless, and partially for massive orbits. For massless orbits little groups are semidirect product of d-2 translational group $T_{d-2}$ on a subgroup of (SO(d-2) $\\times$ R-invariance) group. E.g. at d=9 the subgroup is exceptional $G_2$ group. It is also argued, that 11d Majorana spinor invariants, which distinguish orbits, are actually invariant under d=2+10 Lorentz group. Possible applications of these results include construction of field theories in generalized space-times with brane charges coordinates, different problems of group's representations decompositions, spin-statistics issues.

  9. Little Groups of Preon Branes

    Science.gov (United States)

    MKRTCHYAN, H.; MKRTCHYAN, R.

    Little groups for preon branes (i.e. configurations of branes with maximal (n-1)/n fraction of survived supersymmetry) for dimensions d=2,3,…,11 are calculated for all massless, and partially for massive orbits. For massless orbits little groups are semidirect product of d-2 translational group Td-2 on a subgroup of (SO(d-2) × R-invariance) group. E.g. at d=9 the subgroup is exceptional G2 group. It is also argued, that 11D Majorana spinor invariants, which distinguish orbits, are actually invariant under d=2+10 Lorentz group. Possible applications of these results include construction of field theories in generalized spacetimes with brane charges coordinates, different problems of group's representations decompositions, spin-statistics issues.

  10. The "group" in obstetric psychoprophylaxis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Volpe, B; Tenaglia, F; Fede, T; Cerutti, R

    1983-01-01

    In the practice of obstetric psychoprophylaxis every method employed considered always the group both from a psychological and a pedagogic point of view. Today the group of pregnant women (or couples) is considered under various aspects: - psychological: the group as a support for members with regard to maternal and parental emotional feelings; - anthropological: the group fills up an empty vital space and becomes a "rite de passage" from a state of social identity to another one; - social: the group is a significative cultural intermediary between health services and the women-patient. The knowledge of these aspects becomes an important methodological support for group conductors. We present an analysis of our experience with groups and how this has affected the Psychoprophylaxis in the last years.

  11. Ethnic Group Identification and Group Evaluation Among Minority and Majority Groups : Testing the Multiculturalism Hypothesis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verkuyten, Maykel J. A. M.

    2005-01-01

    Following social identity theory, the author hypothesized that members of minority groups are more likely than majority group members to endorse multiculturalism more strongly and assimilationist thinking less strongly. In addition, the multiculturalism hypothesis proposes that the more minority gro

  12. Ethnic group identification and group evaluation among minority and majority groups: testing the multiculturalism hypothesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verkuyten, Maykel

    2005-01-01

    Following social identity theory, the author hypothesized that members of minority groups are more likely than majority group members to endorse multiculturalism more strongly and assimilationist thinking less strongly. In addition, the multiculturalism hypothesis proposes that the more minority groups endorse the ideology of multiculturalism (or assimilationism), the more (or less) likely they will be to identify with their ethnic in-group and to show positive in-group evaluation. In contrast, the more majority group members endorse multiculturalism (or assimilationism), the less (or more) likely they are to identify with their ethnic group and to show negative out-group evaluation. Results from 4 studies (correlational and experimental) provide support for this hypothesis among Dutch and Turkish participants living in the Netherlands.

  13. Terrorist Group Brands: Understanding Terrorist Group Strategies Through Brand Exposure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    in the same 24-hour period, thereby making brand exposure a percentage of the global news market-share. The percentage is important because the... BRANDS : UNDERSTANDING TERRORIST GROUP STRATEGIES THROUGH BRAND EXPOSURE by Bradley S. Greaver June 2016 Thesis Advisor: Camber Warren...REPORT TYPE AND DATES COVERED Master’s thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE TERRORIST GROUP BRANDS : UNDERSTANDING TERRORIST GROUP STRATEGIES THROUGH BRAND

  14. Finite Groups with Its Power Automorphism Groups Having Small Indices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jun Xin WANG; Xiu Yun GUO

    2009-01-01

    In this paper,a finite group G with|Aut(G) : P(G)| = p or pq is determined,where P(G)is the power automorphism group of G,and p,q are distinct primes.Especially,we prove that a finite group G satisfies |Aut(G) : P(G)| = pq if and only if Aut(G)/P(G) (≈)S3.Also,some other classes of finite groups are investigated and classified,which are necessary for the proof of our main results.

  15. In-Group Versus Out-Group Source Memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenstein, Michael; Franklin, Nancy; Klug, Jessica

    2016-06-01

    A common finding in the source monitoring literature is that greater similarity impairs source discriminability. Experiments traditionally manipulate similarity overtly by describing or showing sources with explicitly differentiable features. However, people may also infer source characteristics themselves, which should also affect discriminability. Two studies examined inferred source characteristics by capitalizing on the out-group homogeneity effect, whereby in-group members are conceptualized as more diverse than out-group members. Participants learned about two sources who were described only as members of an in-group or an out-group and whose actions did not have higher a priori association with either group. Source memory was superior when participants believed the sources to be in-group members. This demonstrates that people spontaneously include inferred features with source representations and can capitalize on these features during source monitoring. Interestingly, information suggesting membership in one's in-group improved performance even for sources who had previously been considered out-group members (Experiment 2).

  16. Small group discussion: Students perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annamalai, Nachal; Manivel, Rajajeyakumar; Palanisamy, Rajendran

    2015-08-01

    Various alternative methods are being used in many medical colleges to reinforce didactic lectures in physiology. Small group teaching can take on a variety of different tasks such as problem-solving, role play, discussions, brainstorming, and debate. Research has demonstrated that group discussion promotes greater synthesis and retention of materials. The aims of this study were to adopt a problem-solving approach by relating basic sciences with the clinical scenario through self-learning. To develop soft skills, to understand principles of group dynamics, and adopt a new teaching learning methodology. Experimental study design was conducted in Phase I 1(st) year medical students of 2014-2015 batch (n = 120). On the day of the session, the students were grouped into small groups (15 each). The session started with the facilitator starting off the discussion. Feedback forms from five students in each group was taken (n = 40). A five point Likert scale was used ranging from strongly agree to strongly disagree. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp. Our results show that 70% of the students opined that small group discussion were interactive, friendly, innovative, built interaction between teacher and student. Small group discussion increased their thought process and helped them in better communication. The small group discussion was interactive, friendly, and bridged the gap between the teacher and student. The student's communication skills are also improved. In conclusion, small group discussion is more effective than the traditional teaching methods.

  17. Duality group actions on fermions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pantev, Tony; Sharpe, Eric

    2016-11-01

    In this short paper we look at the action of T-duality and string duality groups on fermions, in maximally-supersymmetric theories and related theories. Briefly, we argue that typical duality groups such as SL(2 , ℤ) have sign ambiguities in their actions on fermions, and propose that pertinent duality groups be extended by ℤ2, to groups such as the metaplectic group. Specifically, we look at duality groups arising from mapping class groups of tori in M theory compactifications, T-duality, ten-dimensional type IIB S-duality, and (briefly) four-dimensional N = 4 super Yang-Mills, and in each case, propose that the full duality group is a nontrivial ℤ2 extension of the duality group acting on bosonic degrees of freedom, to more accurately describe possible actions on fermions. We also walk through U-duality groups for toroidal compactifications to nine, eight, and seven dimensions, which enables us to perform cross-consistency tests of these proposals.

  18. [Group cohesion: a concept analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yen-Ru; Chen, Yu-Jung; Tzeng, Wen-Chii; Chou, Kuei-Ru

    2007-10-01

    Group cohesion is considered an essential condition for achieving a successful treatment team. High cohesion groups more readily reach their goals, with group members also feeling more secure about their functions and contributions. In clinical practice, nurses use group teaching and group therapy to help patient and family members gain knowledge and skills related to illness treatment and recuperation. Effective group leadership helps minimize non-productive time and manpower and enhance interpersonal interaction. A further advantage of group cohesion is that the more effective administration of nursing programs that results can raise the profession level of staffs and reduce turnover. Walker and Avant (1995) employ concept analysis to use defining attributes in order to apply the same definition and communication to the same profession. The purpose of this paper was to apply this methodology to an analysis of group cohesion. Steps used include a review of the literature on conceptual definitions of group cohesion, a determination of defining attributes, model construction, identification of borderline, contrary, and related cases, and identification of antecedents and consequences and empirical tools. It is hoped that this analysis can help nursing staff to gain a better understanding of the concept of group cohesion and to apply such to clinical practice and nursing administration.

  19. Duality group actions on fermions

    CERN Document Server

    Pantev, T

    2016-01-01

    In this short paper we look at the action of T-duality and string duality groups on fermions, in maximally-supersymmetric theories and related theories. Briefly, we argue that typical duality groups such as SL(2,Z) have sign ambiguities in their actions on fermions, and propose that pertinent duality groups be extended by Z_2, to groups such as the metaplectic group. Specifically, we look at duality groups arising from mapping class groups of tori in M theory compactifications, T-duality, ten-dimensional type IIB S-duality, and (briefly) four-dimensional N=4 super Yang-Mills, and in each case, propose that the full duality group is a nontrivial Z_2 extension of the duality group acting on bosonic degrees of freedom, to more accurately describe possible actions on fermions. We also walk through U-duality groups for toroidal compactifications to nine, eight, and seven dimensions, which enables us to perform cross-consistency tests of these proposals.

  20. Group lending and the role of the group leader

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Eijkel, R.; Hermes, C.L.M.; Lensink, B.W.

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates strategic monitoring behavior within group lending. We show that monitoring efforts of group members differ in equilibrium due to the asymmetry between members in terms of future profits. In particular, we show that the entrepreneur with the highest future profits also puts i

  1. Logspace Computations in Coxeter Groups and Graph Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Diekert, Volker; Lohrey, Markus

    2012-01-01

    Computing normal forms in groups (or monoids) is in general harder than solving the word problem (equality testing). However, normal form computation has a much wider range of applications. It is therefore interesting to investigate the complexity of computing normal forms for important classes of groups. For Coxeter groups we show that the following algorithmic tasks can be solved by a deterministic Turing machine using logarithmic work space, only: 1. Compute the length of any geodesic normal form. 2. Compute the set of letters occurring in any geodesic normal form. 3. Compute the Parikh-image of any geodesic normal form in case that all defining relations have even length (i.e., in even Coxeter groups.) 4. For right-angled Coxeter groups we can do actually compute the short length normal form in logspace. (Note that short length normal forms are geodesic.) Next, we apply the results to right-angled Artin groups. They are also known as free partially commutative groups or as graph groups. As a consequence o...

  2. Good for the group? Explaining apparent group-level selection

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smallegange, I.M.; Egas, M.

    2015-01-01

    The idea that group selection can explain adaptive trait evolution is still controversial. Recent empirical work proposes evidence for group-level adaptation in a social spider, but the findings can also be explained from an individual-level perspective. The challenge remains to identify situations

  3. Group reports. The recommendations proposed by the seven discussion groups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    1989-01-01

    GROUP 1 — Discussion leader S.H. Sohmer — Organization and the ideal format of a large Flora (over 10,000 species) The Working Group first recognized that there are really two major categories of Flora projects serving quite different needs in the Malesian region: the local/national projects that

  4. The Local Group and other neighboring galaxy groups

    CERN Document Server

    Karachentsev, I D

    2004-01-01

    Over the last few years, rapid progress has been made in distance measurements for nearby galaxies based on the magnitude of the tip of red giant branch stars. Current CCD surveys with HST and large ground- based telescopes bring $\\sim$10%-accurate distances for roughly a hundred galaxies within 5 Mpc. The new data on distances to galaxies situated in (and around) the nearest groups: the Local Group, M81 group, CenA/M83 group, IC342/Maffei group, Sculptor filament, and Canes Venatici cloud allowed us to determine their total mass from the radius of the zero- velocity surface, $R_0$, which separates a group as bound against the homogeneous cosmic expansion. The values of $R_0$ for the virialized groups turn out to be close each other, in the range of 0.9 -- 1.3 Mpc. As a result, the total masses of the groups are close to each other, too, yielding total mass-to-blue luminosity ratios of 10 -- 40 $M_{\\sun}/L_{\\sun}$. The new total mass estimates are 3 -- 5 times lower than old virial mass estimates of these gro...

  5. Group Journaling: A Tool for Reflection, Fun and Group Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asfeldt, Morten

    2012-01-01

    Personal journaling is common practice in outdoor programs and is an important means of reflection and meaning-making. For over 20 years the author has used group journals to promote reflection and understanding, raise important questions, explore difficult issues, develop writing and speaking skills, and enhance group development. In this…

  6. Group theory and its applications

    CERN Document Server

    Thapa, Ram Kumar

    2019-01-01

    Every molecule possesses symmetry and hence has symmetry operations and symmetry elements. From symmetry properties of a system we can deduce its significant physical results. Consequently it is essential to operations of a system forms a group. Group theory is an abstract mathematical tool that underlies the study of symmetry and invariance. By using the concepts of symmetry and group theory, it is possible to obtain the members of complete set of known basis functions of the various irreducible representations of the group. I practice this is achieved by applying the projection operators to linear combinations of atomic orbital (LCAO) when the valence electrons are tightly bound to the ions, to orthogonalized plane waves (OPW) when valence electrons are nearly free and to the other given functions that are judged to the particular system under consideration. In solid state physics the group theory is indispensable in the context of finding the energy bands of electrons in solids. Group theory can be applied...

  7. Non-Abelian Pseudocompact Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. W. Comfort

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Here are three recently-established theorems from the literature. (A (2006 Every non-metrizable compact abelian group K has 2|K| -many proper dense pseudocompact subgroups. (B (2003 Every non-metrizable compact abelian group K admits 22|K| -many strictly finer pseudocompact topological group refinements. (C (2007 Every non-metrizable pseudocompact abelian group has a proper dense pseudocompact subgroup and a strictly finer pseudocompact topological group refinement. (Theorems (A, (B and (C become false if the non-metrizable hypothesis is omitted. With a detailed view toward the relevant literature, the present authors ask: What happens to (A, (B, (C and to similar known facts about pseudocompact abelian groups if the abelian hypothesis is omitted? Are the resulting statements true, false, true under certain natural additional hypotheses, etc.? Several new results responding in part to these questions are given, and several specific additional questions are posed.

  8. Countably determined compact abelian groups

    CERN Document Server

    Dikranjan, Dikran

    2008-01-01

    For an abelian topological group G let G^* be the dual group of all continuous characters endowed with the compact open topology. A subgroup D of G determines G if the restriction homomorphism G^* --> D^* of the dual groups is a topological isomorphism. Given a scattered compact subset X of an infinite compact abelian group G such that |X|group, we show that the set of all characters which send X into U has the same size as G^*. (Here w(G) denotes the weight of G.) As an application, we prove that a compact abelian group determined by its countable subgroup must be metrizable. This gives a negative answer to questions of Comfort, Hernandez, Macario, Raczkowski and Trigos-Arrieta, as well as provides short proofs of main results established in three manuscripts by these authors.

  9. Group discussion improves lie detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Nadav; Epley, Nicholas

    2015-06-16

    Groups of individuals can sometimes make more accurate judgments than the average individual could make alone. We tested whether this group advantage extends to lie detection, an exceptionally challenging judgment with accuracy rates rarely exceeding chance. In four experiments, we find that groups are consistently more accurate than individuals in distinguishing truths from lies, an effect that comes primarily from an increased ability to correctly identify when a person is lying. These experiments demonstrate that the group advantage in lie detection comes through the process of group discussion, and is not a product of aggregating individual opinions (a "wisdom-of-crowds" effect) or of altering response biases (such as reducing the "truth bias"). Interventions to improve lie detection typically focus on improving individual judgment, a costly and generally ineffective endeavor. Our findings suggest a cheap and simple synergistic approach of enabling group discussion before rendering a judgment.

  10. Modelling group dynamic animal movement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langrock, Roland; Hopcraft, J. Grant C.; Blackwell, Paul G.

    2014-01-01

    Group dynamic movement is a fundamental aspect of many species' movements. The need to adequately model individuals' interactions with other group members has been recognised, particularly in order to differentiate the role of social forces in individual movement from environmental factors. However......, to date, practical statistical methods which can include group dynamics in animal movement models have been lacking. We consider a flexible modelling framework that distinguishes a group-level model, describing the movement of the group's centre, and an individual-level model, such that each individual...... makes its movement decisions relative to the group centroid. The basic idea is framed within the flexible class of hidden Markov models, extending previous work on modelling animal movement by means of multi-state random walks. While in simulation experiments parameter estimators exhibit some bias...

  11. Groups, graphs and random walks

    CERN Document Server

    Salvatori, Maura; Sava-Huss, Ecaterina

    2017-01-01

    An accessible and panoramic account of the theory of random walks on groups and graphs, stressing the strong connections of the theory with other branches of mathematics, including geometric and combinatorial group theory, potential analysis, and theoretical computer science. This volume brings together original surveys and research-expository papers from renowned and leading experts, many of whom spoke at the workshop 'Groups, Graphs and Random Walks' celebrating the sixtieth birthday of Wolfgang Woess in Cortona, Italy. Topics include: growth and amenability of groups; Schrödinger operators and symbolic dynamics; ergodic theorems; Thompson's group F; Poisson boundaries; probability theory on buildings and groups of Lie type; structure trees for edge cuts in networks; and mathematical crystallography. In what is currently a fast-growing area of mathematics, this book provides an up-to-date and valuable reference for both researchers and graduate students, from which future research activities will undoubted...

  12. Designing for informed group formation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh; Juel Jacobsen, Alice; Riis, Marianne

    2012-01-01

    A new design ―project preparation‖ preparing for the group formation in problem based project work is proposed and investigated. The main problem is to overcome group formation based on existing relations. The hypothesis is that theme development and group formation are somewhat counterproductive....... Following research based design methodology an experiment separating the two was initiated.This was to provide for more openness and creativity in contrast to a design in which existing relations seem predominant.......A new design ―project preparation‖ preparing for the group formation in problem based project work is proposed and investigated. The main problem is to overcome group formation based on existing relations. The hypothesis is that theme development and group formation are somewhat counterproductive...

  13. Group supervision for general practitioners

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galina Nielsen, Helena; Sofie Davidsen, Annette; Dalsted, Rikke;

    2013-01-01

    AIM: Group supervision is a sparsely researched method for professional development in general practice. The aim of this study was to explore general practitioners' (GPs') experiences of the benefits of group supervision for improving the treatment of mental disorders. METHODS: One long...... considered important prerequisites for disclosing and discussing professional problems. CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that participation in a supervision group can be beneficial for maintaining and developing GPs' skills in dealing with patients with mental health problems. Group supervision......-established supervision group was studied closely for six months by observing the group sessions, and by interviewing GPs and their supervisors, individually and collectively. The interviews were recorded digitally and transcribed verbatim. The data were analysed using systematic text condensation. RESULTS: The GPs found...

  14. All finitely presentable groups from link complements and Kleinian groups

    CERN Document Server

    Aitchison, Iain R

    2010-01-01

    We prove that every finitely presentable group G arises as the fundamental group of an orientable 3-complex obtained from a hyperbolic link complement, by coning each boundary torus of the link exterior to a distinct point. We define the closed-link-genus, clg(G), of any finitely presentable group G, which completely characterizes fundamental groups of closed orientable 3-manifolds: clg(G)=0 if and only if G is the fundamental group of a closed orientable 3-manifold. Moreover clg(G) gives an upper bound for the concept `genus(G)' of genus defined earlier by Aitchison and Reeves, and in turn is bounded by the minimal number of relations among all finite presentations of G.

  15. Taxonomy Working Group Final Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parsons, Vickie S.; Beil, Robert J.; Terrone, Mark; Barth, Timothy S.; Panontin, Tina L.; Wales, Roxana; Rackley, Michael W.; Milne, James S.; McPherson, John W.; Dutra, Jayne E.; Shaw, Larry C.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the Taxonomy Working Group was to develop a proposal for a common taxonomy to be used by all NASA projects in the classifying of nonconformances, anomalies, and problems. Specifically, the group developed a recommended list of data elements along with general suggestions for the development of a problem reporting system to better serve NASA's need for managing, reporting, and trending project aberrant events. The Group's recommendations are reported in this document.

  16. Cascade Product of Permutation Groups

    OpenAIRE

    Egri-Nagy, Attila; Nehaniv, Chrystopher L.

    2013-01-01

    We define the cascade product of permutation groups as an external product, an explicit construction of substructures of the iterated wreath product that are much smaller than the full wreath product. This construction is essential for computational implementations of algebraic hierarchical decompositions of finite automata. We show how direct, semidirect, and wreath products and group extensions can all be expressed as cascade products, and analyse examples of groups that can be constructed ...

  17. Group Connectivity and Group Colorings of Graphs - A Survey

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hong-Jian LAI; Xiangwen LI; Yehong SHAO; Mingquan ZHAN

    2011-01-01

    In 1950s, Tutte introduced the theory of nowhere-zero flows as a tool to investigate the coloring problem of maps, together with his most fascinating conjectures on nowhere-zero flows. These have been extended by Jaeger et al. In 1992 to group connectivity, the nonhomogeneous form of nowhere-zero flows. Let G be a 2-edge-connected undirected graph, A be an (additive) abelian group and A* = A - {0}. The graph G is A-connected if G has an orientation D(G) such that for every each vertex v ∈ V(G), the total amount of f-values on the edges directed out from v minus the total amount of f-values on the edges directed into v is equal to b(v). The group coloring of a graph arises from the dual concept of group connectivity. There have been lots of investigations on these subjects.This survey provides a summary of researches on group connectivity and group colorings of graphs. It contains the following sections.1. Nowhere-zero Flows and Group Connectivity of Graphs 2. Complete Families and A-reductions 3. Reductions with Edge-deletions, Vertex-deletions and Vertex-splitting 4. Group Colorings as a Dual Concept of Group Connectivity 5. Brooks Theorem, Its Variations and Dual Forms 6. Planar Graphs 7. Group Connectivity of Graphs 7.1 Highly Connected Graphs and Collapsible Graphs 7.2 Degrees Conditions 7.3 Complementary Graphs 7.4 Products of Graphs 7.5 Graphs with Diameter at Most 2 7.6 Line Graphs and Claw-Free Graphs 7.7 Triangular Graphs 7.8 Claw-decompositions and All Tutte-orientations

  18. Group decision-making: Factors that affect group effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Osmani

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Organizations are operating in a dynamic and turbulent environment. In these conditions, they have to make decisions for new problems or situations. Most of decisions are therefore non-programmed and unstructured, accompanied by risk and uncertainty. Moreover, the problems and situations are complex. All organizations are oriented towards group decisionmaking processes, as useful tools to cope with uncertainty and complexity. Apart from the necessity, companies are turning towards participatory processes also to benefit from the important advantages that these processes offer. Organizations have realized the importance of group decision-making processes to contribute to the creation of sustainable competitive advantages. Main objective of this paper is to show that group decision-making processes do not offer guarantee for good decisions, because the effectiveness of group is affected by many factors. So, the first thing done in this paper is discussing about the benefits and limitations that accompany the use of groups with decision-making purpose. Afterwards, we stop on the different factors that influence the group’s ability to make good decisions. The aim is to emphasize that regardless of the many advantages of groups, some factors as group size, type of communication within the group, leadership style, the norms, the differentiation of roles and statuses, cohesion and compliance degree should be the main elements to keep into consideration because they affect the effectiveness of group. In this regard, is discussed how such factors influence the quality of decision and then we try to draw some conclusions that can improve and make better and easier group decision-making processes.

  19. Strategic Groups and Banks’ Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregorz Halaj

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The theory of strategic groups predicts the existence of stable groups of companies that adopt similar business strategies. The theory also predicts that groups will differ in performance and in their reaction to external shocks. We use cluster analysis to identify strategic groups in the Polish banking sector. We find stable groups in the Polish banking sector constituted after the year 2000 following the major privatisation and ownership changes connected with transition to the mostly-privately-owned banking sector in the late 90s. Using panel regression methods we show that the allocation of banks to groups is statistically significant in explaining the profitability of banks. Thus, breaking down the banks into strategic groups and allowing for the different reaction of the groups to external shocks helps in a more accurate explanation of profits of the banking sector as a whole.Therefore, a more precise ex ante assessment of the loss absorption capabilities of banks is possible, which is crucial for an analysis of banking sector stability. However, we did not find evidence of the usefulness of strategic groups in explaining the quality of bank portfolios as measured by irregular loans over total loans, which is a more direct way to assess risks to financial stability.

  20. Bosonization and Lie Group Structure

    CERN Document Server

    Ha, Yuan K

    2015-01-01

    We introduce a concise quantum operator formula for bosonization in which the Lie group structure appears in a natural way. The connection between fermions and bosons is found to be exactly the connection between Lie group elements and the group parameters. Bosonization is an extraordinary way of expressing the equation of motion of a complex fermion field in terms of a real scalar boson in two dimensions. All the properties of the fermion field theory are known to be preserved under this remarkable transformation with substantial simplification and elucidation of the original theory, much like Lie groups can be studied by their Lie algebras.

  1. Automorphism groups of some algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PARK; Hong; Goo; LEE; Jeongsig; CHOI; Seul; Hee; NAM; Ki-Bong

    2009-01-01

    The automorphism groups of algebras are found in many papers. Using auto-invariance, we find the automorphism groups of the Laurent extension of the polynomial ring and the quantum n-plane (respectively, twisting polynomial ring) in this work. As an application of the results of this work, we can find the automorphism group of a twisting algebra. We define a generalized Weyl algebra and show that the generalized Weyl algebra is simple. We also find the automorphism group of a generalized Weyl algebra. We show that the generalized Weyl algebra Am,m+n is the universal enveloping algebra of the generalized Witt algebra W(m,m + n).

  2. Twisted conjugacy in braid groups

    CERN Document Server

    González-Meneses, Juan

    2011-01-01

    In this note we solve the twisted conjugacy problem for braid groups, i.e. we propose an algorithm which, given two braids $u,v\\in B_n$ and an automorphism $\\phi \\in Aut (B_n)$, decides whether $v=(\\phi (x))^{-1}ux$ for some $x\\in B_n$. As a corollary, we deduce that each group of the form $B_n \\rtimes H$, a semidirect product of the braid group $B_n$ by a torsion-free hyperbolic group $H$, has solvable conjugacy problem.

  3. Character theory of finite groups

    CERN Document Server

    Isaacs, I Martin

    2006-01-01

    Character theory is a powerful tool for understanding finite groups. In particular, the theory has been a key ingredient in the classification of finite simple groups. Characters are also of interest in their own right, and their properties are closely related to properties of the structure of the underlying group. The book begins by developing the module theory of complex group algebras. After the module-theoretic foundations are laid in the first chapter, the focus is primarily on characters. This enhances the accessibility of the material for students, which was a major consideration in the

  4. Visual Grouping by Neural Oscillators

    CERN Document Server

    Yu, Guoshen

    2008-01-01

    Distributed synchronization is known to occur at several scales in the brain, and has been suggested as playing a key functional role in perceptual grouping. State-of-the-art visual grouping algorithms, however, seem to give comparatively little attention to neural synchronization analogies. Based on the framework of concurrent synchronization of dynamic systems, simple networks of neural oscillators coupled with diffusive connections are proposed to solve visual grouping problems. Multi-layer algorithms and feedback mechanisms are also studied. The same algorithm is shown to achieve promising results on several classical visual grouping problems, including point clustering, contour integration and image segmentation.

  5. Abstract commensurators of braid groups

    OpenAIRE

    Leininger, Christopher J; Margalit, Dan

    2005-01-01

    Let B_n be the braid group on n strands, with n at least 4, and let Mod(S) be the extended mapping class group of the sphere with n+1 punctures. We show that the abstract commensurator of B_n is isomorphic to a semidirect product of Mod(S) with a group we refer to as the transvection subgroup, Tv(B_n). We also show that Tv(B_n) is itself isomorphic to a semidirect product of an infinite dimensional rational vector space with the multiplicative group of nonzero rational numbers.

  6. Automorphism groups of some algebras

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PARK Hong Goo; LEE Jeongsig; CHOI Seul Hee; CHEN XueQing; NAM Ki-Bong

    2009-01-01

    The automorphism groups of algebras are found in many papers. Using auto-invariance, we find the automorphism groups of the Laurent extension of the polynomial ring and the quantum n-plane (respectively, twisting polynomial ring) in this work. As an application of the results of this work, we can find the automorphism group of a twisting algebra. We define a generalized Weyl algebra and show that the generalized Weyl algebra is simple. We also find the automorphism group of a generalized Weyl algebra. We show that the generalized Weyl algebra Am,m+n is the universal enveloping algebra of the generalized Witt algebra W(m, m+n).

  7. Membership Rules - LHCRRB Scrutiny Group

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    The LHC Resources Scrutiny Group was created in 2001 to review and scrutinize the M&O cost estimates of the LHC Collaborations. The Scrutiny Group first met on 23 August 2001 and reported to the RRBs at its 13th Plenary meeting, in October 2001 (RRB-D-2001-8). The Scrutiny Group operates according to the procedures set out in Annex 12 of the MoUs for the M&O of the LHC experiments. This document lists the Rules of Procedure that apply to the M&O Scrutiny Group

  8. Leadership in moving human groups.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarete Boos

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available How is movement of individuals coordinated as a group? This is a fundamental question of social behaviour, encompassing phenomena such as bird flocking, fish schooling, and the innumerable activities in human groups that require people to synchronise their actions. We have developed an experimental paradigm, the HoneyComb computer-based multi-client game, to empirically investigate human movement coordination and leadership. Using economic games as a model, we set monetary incentives to motivate players on a virtual playfield to reach goals via players' movements. We asked whether (I humans coordinate their movements when information is limited to an individual group member's observation of adjacent group member motion, (II whether an informed group minority can lead an uninformed group majority to the minority's goal, and if so, (III how this minority exerts its influence. We showed that in a human group--on the basis of movement alone--a minority can successfully lead a majority. Minorities lead successfully when (a their members choose similar initial steps towards their goal field and (b they are among the first in the whole group to make a move. Using our approach, we empirically demonstrate that the rules of swarming behaviour apply to humans. Even complex human behaviour, such as leadership and directed group movement, follow simple rules that are based on visual perception of local movement.

  9. The Nearest Group of Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Van den Bergh, S

    1999-01-01

    The small Antlia-Sextans clustering of galaxies is located at a distance of only 1.36 Mpc from the Sun, and 1.72 Mpc from the adopted barycenter of the Local Group. The latter value is significantly greater than the radius of the zero- velocity surface of the Local Group which, for an assumed age of 14 Gyr, has Ro = 1.18 " 0.15 Mpc. This, together with the observation that the members of the Ant-Sex group have a mean redshift of +114 " 12 km s-1 relative to the centroid of the Local Group, suggests that the Antlia-Sextans group is not bound to our Local Group, and that it is expanding with the Hubble flow. If this conclusion is correct, then Antlia-Sextans may be the nearest external clustering of galaxies. The total galaxian population of the Ant-Sex group is ~ 1/5 that of the Local Group. However, the integrated luminosity of Ant-Sex is two orders of magnitude lower than that of the Local Group. Subject headings: Galaxies - clusters: individual (Antlia-Sextans)

  10. Stick with your group: young children's attitudes about group loyalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misch, Antonia; Over, Harriet; Carpenter, Malinda

    2014-10-01

    For adults, loyalty to the group is highly valued, yet little is known about how children evaluate loyalty. We investigated children's attitudes about loyalty in a third-party context. In the first experiment, 4- and 5-year-olds watched a video of two groups competing. Two members of the losing group then spoke. The disloyal individual said she wanted to win and therefore would join the other group. The loyal individual said she also wanted to win but would stay with her group. Children were then asked five forced-choice questions about these two individuals' niceness, trustworthiness, morality, and deservingness of a reward. The 5-year-olds preferred the loyal person across all questions; results for the 4-year-olds were considerably weaker but in the same direction. The second experiment investigated the direction of the effect in 5-year-olds. In this experiment, children answered questions about either a loyal individual, a disloyal individual, or a neutral individual. Children rated both the loyal and neutral individuals more positively than the disloyal individual across a number of measures. Thus, whereas disloyal behavior is evaluated unfavorably by children, loyal behavior is the expected norm. These results suggest that, at least from 5 years of age, children understand that belonging to a group entails certain commitments. This marks an important step in their own ability to negotiate belonging and become trustworthy and reliable members of their social groups.

  11. Energy Innovation. IVO Group`s Research and Development Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salminen, P.; Laiho, Y.; Kaikkonen, H.; Leisio, C.; Hinkkanen, S. [eds.

    1996-11-01

    This annual booklet of the IVO Group`s research and development activities presents a number of articles, written by experts from IVO. The products described are examples of the environmentally-oriented selection made available by the IVO Group. In fact, the entire energy technology developed in Finland is environmentally oriented, if seen from the international perspective. The new business potential of environmental technology is great, and it is believed that in the year 2000, exportation of Finnish know-how in the field of energy-saving and efficiency will exceed the value of out energy imports

  12. Energy Innovation. IVO group`s research and development report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salminen, P.; Laiho, Y.; Kaikkonen, H.; Leisio, C.; Hinkkanen, S.; Fletcher, R. [eds.

    1997-11-01

    This annual booklet of the IVO Group`s research and development activities presents a number of articles, written by experts from IVO. The products described are examples of the environmentally-oriented selection made available by the IVO Group. In fact, the entire energy technology developed in Finland is environmentally oriented, if seen from the international perspective. The new business potential of environmental technology is great, and it is believed that in the year 2000, exportation of Finnish know-how in the field of energy-saving and efficiency will exceed the value of out energy imports

  13. Punctured torus groups and 2-bridge knot groups

    CERN Document Server

    Akiyoshi, Hirotaka; Wada, Masaaki; Yamashita, Yasushi

    2007-01-01

    This monograph is Part 1 of a book project intended to give a full account of Jorgensen's theory of punctured torus Kleinian groups and its generalization, with application to knot theory. Although Jorgensen's original work was not published in complete form, it has been a source of inspiration. In particular, it has motivated and guided Thurston's revolutionary study of low-dimensional geometric topology. In this monograph, we give an elementary and self-contained description of Jorgensen's theory with a complete proof. Through various informative illustrations, readers are naturally led to an intuitive, synthetic grasp of the theory, which clarifies how a very simple fuchsian group evolves into complicated Kleinian groups.

  14. 2002 annual report EDF group; 2002 rapport annuel groupe EDF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    This document is the 2002 annual report of Electricite de France (EdF) group, the French electric utility. Content: Introductory section (EDF at a glance, Chairman's message, 2002 Highlights); Corporate governance and Group strategy (Corporate governance, sustainable growth strategy, EDF branches); Financial performance (Reaching critical mass, Margins holding up well, Balance sheet); Human resources (Launching Group-wide synergies, Optimising human resources); Customers (Major customers, SMEs and professional customers, Local authorities, Residential customers, Ensuring quality access to electricity); Generation (A balanced energy mix, Nuclear generation, Fossil-fuelled generation, Renewable energies); Corporate social responsibility (Global and local partnerships, Promoting community development)

  15. The group of homomorphisms of abelian torsion groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. W. Legg

    1979-01-01

    Full Text Available Let G and A be abelian torsion groups. In[5], R. S. Pierce develops a complete set of invariants for Hom(G, A. To compute these invariants he introduces, and uses extensively, the group of small homomorphisms of G into A. Also, using some of Pierce's methods, Fuchs characterizes this group in [1]. Our purpose in this paper is to characterize Hom(G, A in what seems to be a more natural manner than either of the treatments just mentioned.

  16. Energy Innovation. IVO Group`s Research and Development Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salminen, P.; Laiho, Y.; Kaikkonen, H.; Leisio, C.; Hinkkanen, S. [eds.

    1996-11-01

    This annual booklet of the IVO Group`s research and development activities presents a number of articles, written by experts from IVO. The products described are examples of the environmentally-oriented selection made available by the IVO Group. In fact, the entire energy technology developed in Finland is environmentally oriented, if seen from the international perspective. The new business potential of environmental technology is great, and it is believed that in the year 2000, exportation of Finnish know-how in the field of energy-saving and efficiency will exceed the value of out energy imports

  17. Group theoretical methods in Physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Olmo, M.A. del; Santander, M.; Mateos Guilarte, J.M. (eds.) (Universidad de Valladolid. Facultad de Ciencias. Valladolid (Spain))

    1993-01-01

    The meeting had 102 papers. These was distributed in following areas: -Quantum groups,-Integrable systems,-Physical Applications of Group Theory,-Mathematical Results,-Geometry, Topology and Quantum Field Theory,-Super physics,-Super mathematics,-Atomic, Molecular and Condensed Matter Physics. Nuclear and Particle Physics,-Symmetry and Foundations of classical and Quantum mechanics.

  18. Evaluating groups in learning disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chia, S H

    Groupwork can be effective in meeting a range of needs presented by students with profound learning disabilities. This article describes the process involved in setting up groups for these students, and includes examples of a group session and methods for evaluating groupwork.

  19. Group Development: Extending Tuckman's Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maples, Mary F.

    1988-01-01

    Presents a framework for extending the Tuckman model of developmental sequence in small groups. Considers Tuckman's stages of forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning lacking in descriptive depth and clear definition. Gathered and organized group dynamics graduate students' assessments of characteristics of stages over five-year…

  20. Lenzing Group: Expanding in Asia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2007-01-01

    @@ On April 10th,the Lenzing Group started operation of its new viscose fiber plant at Nanjing(China).The new viscose fiber plant is the second production site for this fiber of theLenzing Group in Asia and its sixth production site globally.