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Sample records for group counseling model

  1. Sexuality and the Elderly: A Group Counseling Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capuzzi, Dave; Gossman, Larry

    1982-01-01

    Describes a 10-session group counseling model to facilitate awareness of sexuality and the legitimacy of its expression for older adults. Considers member selection, session length and setting, and group leadership. (Author/MCF)

  2. The Achieving Success Everyday Group Counseling Model: Fostering Resiliency in Middle School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Joy; Steen, Sam

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses a group counseling intervention used to develop and foster resiliency in middle school students by implementing the Achieving Success Everyday (ASE) group counseling model. The authors aimed to discover what impact this group counseling intervention, which focused on resiliency characteristics, would have on students'…

  3. A model for group counseling with male pedophiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Zessen, G

    1990-01-01

    Group treatment programs for pedophiles are often designed for populations of convicted men in closed institutions with limited application to other populations. Treatment is usually focused on reducing the "deviant" sexual arousal and/or acquiring heterosocial skills and eventually establishing the ability to engage in adult heterosexual relationships. A six-week, highly structured program is presented to five men in a non-residential setting. In addition to individual psychotherapy, group counseling is offered. Male pedophiles are trained to talk effectively about common problems surrounding man-boy relationships. Counseling is based on the notion that the emotional, erotic and sexual attraction to boys per se does not need to be legitimized or modified. The attraction, however, can be a source of psychological and social problems that can be handled by using a social support system. Social support for pedophile problems can be obtained from and in interaction with other pedophiles.

  4. Using the Solving Problems Together Psychoeducational Group Counseling Model as an Intervention for Negative Peer Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Kimberly R.; Rushing, Jeri Lynn; Khurshid, Ayesha

    2011-01-01

    Problem-focused interventions are considered to be one of the most effective group counseling strategies with adolescents. This article describes a problem-focused group counseling model, Solving Problems Together (SPT), that focuses on working with students who struggle with negative peer pressure. Adapted from the teaching philosophy of…

  5. Using the Solving Problems Together Psychoeducational Group Counseling Model as an Intervention for Negative Peer Pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Kimberly R.; Rushing, Jeri Lynn; Khurshid, Ayesha

    2011-01-01

    Problem-focused interventions are considered to be one of the most effective group counseling strategies with adolescents. This article describes a problem-focused group counseling model, Solving Problems Together (SPT), that focuses on working with students who struggle with negative peer pressure. Adapted from the teaching philosophy of…

  6. Therapeutic Enactment: Integrating Individual and Group Counseling Models for Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Westwood, Marvin J.; Keats, Patrice A.; Wilensky, Patricia

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to introduce the reader to a group-based therapy model known as therapeutic enactment. A description of this multimodal change model is provided by outlining the relevant background information, key concepts related to specific change processes, and the differences in this model compared to earlier psychodrama…

  7. A Model for Peer Group Counseling Based on Role-Playing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ettkin, Larry; Snyder, Lester

    1972-01-01

    The purpose of group counseling was to promote new social learning involving identification with other group members, leading to expanded field perception and insight into the projection of thoughts, feelings and motives onto others. (Author)

  8. Gestalt Therapy Interventions for Group Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Passons, William R.

    1972-01-01

    The author offers a brief introduction to some of the basic tenets of Gestalt therapy, noting goals that are similar to those in counseling theories. He also suggests several interventions from Gestalt therapy to be considered for group counseling and discusses their applications. (Author)

  9. Group Counseling Optimization: A Novel Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eita, M. A.; Fahmy, M. M.

    A new population-based search algorithm, which we call Group Counseling Optimizer (GCO), is presented. It mimics the group counseling behavior of humans in solving their problems. The algorithm is tested using seven known benchmark functions: Sphere, Rosenbrock, Griewank, Rastrigin, Ackley, Weierstrass, and Schwefel functions. A comparison is made with the recently published comprehensive learning particle swarm optimizer (CLPSO). The results demonstrate the efficiency and robustness of the proposed algorithm.

  10. Collaborating with the Peace Corps to Maximize Student Learning in Group Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Simone; Goodman-Scott, Emily

    2013-01-01

    This article explores a model partnership with a counseling education program and the Peace Corps. Counselor education students in a group counseling course developed and implemented a singular structured group session with clients not typically used (e.g., non-counseling students) to maximize student learning and implement group counseling…

  11. Neurolinguistic Programming in the Context of Group Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Childers, John H. Jr.; Saltmarsh, Robert E.

    1986-01-01

    Describes neurolinguistic programming (NLP) in the context of group counseling. NLP is a model of communication that focuses on verbal and nonverbal patterns of behaviors as well as on the structures and processes of human subjectivity. Five stages of group development are described, and specific NLP techniques appropriate to the various stages…

  12. Dialogical Approach Applied in Group Counselling: Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koivuluhta, Merja; Puhakka, Helena

    2013-01-01

    This study utilizes structured group counselling and a dialogical approach to develop a group counselling intervention for students beginning a computer science education. The study assesses the outcomes of group counselling from the standpoint of the development of the students' self-observation. The research indicates that group counselling…

  13. Exercise and the Elderly: A Group Counseling Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burlew, Larry D.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Explains how group work can be used as treatment approach to physical and mental well-being in the elderly. Focuses on use of group counseling to enhance exercise participation and compliance among older adults. Addresses physical aging and exercise, guidelines for a group counseling and exercise program, and issues in counseling the older adult.…

  14. Enriching Group Counseling through Integrating Yoga Concepts and Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rybak, Christopher; Deuskar, Megha

    2010-01-01

    Integrating practices from yoga with group counseling offers many creative paths of therapeutic learning. While yoga emphasizes the increased sense of connection with the self, group counseling emphasizes the increased sense of authenticity in relationship with oneself and with others. Common aims of both yoga and counseling are liberation from…

  15. Model for multicultural nutrition counseling competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris-Davis, E; Haughton, B

    2000-10-01

    A model for multicultural nutrition counseling competencies for registered dietitians was developed and tested. Six hundred four registered dietitians who were members of The American Dietetic Association Public Health Nutrition Practice Group or directors of dietetic internships and didactic programs in dietetics were selected by a stratified random sample method and were mailed a survey. Respondents rated each of 46 competencies using a Likert scale to delineate how essential each competency will be for entry-level dietitians in the next 10 years. Of the 60% who responded (n=363), 94.4% met the study selection criteria. Most were white (85.7%), spoke English as their primary language (96.8%), and had a master's degree (64.4%). Many (37.9%) worked in community/public health facilities or organizations, and 50.4% provided nutrition counseling or education to clients culturally different from themselves. Exploratory principal components analysis extracted 3 factors with 28 competencies loading on them: multicultural nutrition counseling skills, multicultural awareness, and multicultural food and nutrition knowledge. Subjects responded similarly whether or not they provided nutrition counseling to culturally different clients. Secondary analysis revealed no significant interaction or differences between how bilingual dietitians and those of color scored items in the 3 factors. The resulting model is a guideline that can be used by educators to enhance dietetics education and training and by public health nutritionists as a basis for self-evaluation and selection of continuing education opportunities to enhance their multicultural nutrition counseling competence.

  16. Microteaching: a model for employee counseling education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, K M; Beach, B L

    1979-12-01

    An instructional model for the implementation and use of videotape simulation to improve dietetic students' skills in employee counseling was explored in the coordinated undergraduate program at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. A five-day intensive workshop was conducted for senior students in the program, utilizing the microteaching technique. Students and actors simulated an employee counseling session on videotape; then, a small group and a clinical instructor evaluated the session. Suggestions from these evaluations were used in a repeat of the situation on videotape. A team of experts randomly viewed all the situations, judging a significant improvement in composite scores for the workshop participants. The students indicated on a Self-Perception of Confidence (SPOC) scale that they felt a higher degree of comfort in handling potential employee counseling after completing the workshop. They were pleased with the workshop and suggested expansion of the technique to other phases of their dietetic education.

  17. Closing the Achievement Gap: A Structured Approach to Group Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Chari A.; Brigman, Greg

    2005-01-01

    This study evaluated the impact of a group counseling intervention on student academic and social performance. Twenty-five school counselors were trained to use a structured approach to small-group counseling with students scoring in the mid-to-low range in math and reading. The group intervention focused on improving student achievement and…

  18. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEER COUNSELING SEBAGAI MEDIA PENGALAMAN PRAKTIK KONSELING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    muslikah muslikah

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Practical experience is an important component of counselor education program. Through the experience student counseling practice, counselor candidate  given the experience to apply the skills and knowledge they acquired in the lecture. Peer Counseling in this research defined as the involvement of youth in peer groups to provide particular input for the development of personality and social of adolescents. Thus, peer counseling can be utilized in the process of lectures, so counselors candidate can be optimized to obtain practical experience supervised by a professional counselor. This research aims to develop a peer counseling model as an experience counseling practice media in basic skills counseling subject. The design used is research and development. Subjects were students of BK FIP UNNES. Data collected through in-depth interviews, questionnaires and  document studies. Data analysis technique used is  interactive model of Miles and Huberman. Results of the research is a model of peer counseling as an experience counseling practice media in basic skills of counseling subject include: (a rational, (b Definition, (c Interest, (d assuming, (e materials, (f the stages of peer counseling implementation, (g the evaluation and succes indicators, and function of group members, (h the phase of the service, (i the evaluation and follow-up. Based on  results expert validation obtained that the model is feasible and can be applied.

  19. The Career Counseling with Underserved Populations Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, Mark

    2011-01-01

    Providing effective career counseling to culturally diverse individuals is not the same as helping those from majority cultures. The Career Counseling With Underserved Populations model aids career counselors in supporting underserved populations as they strive to address their important career counseling issues.

  20. Racial Group Membership and Multicultural Training: Examining the Experiences of Counseling and Counseling Psychology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieterse, Alex L.; Lee, Minsun; Fetzer, Alexa

    2016-01-01

    This study documents various process elements of multicultural training from the perspective of counseling and counseling psychology students within the United States (US). Using a mixed-methods approach, findings indicate that racial group membership is an important variable that differentially impacts White students and students of Color while…

  1. Racial Group Membership and Multicultural Training: Examining the Experiences of Counseling and Counseling Psychology Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieterse, Alex L.; Lee, Minsun; Fetzer, Alexa

    2016-01-01

    This study documents various process elements of multicultural training from the perspective of counseling and counseling psychology students within the United States (US). Using a mixed-methods approach, findings indicate that racial group membership is an important variable that differentially impacts White students and students of Color while…

  2. Multi-Media Approach to Group Counseling with Preadolescent Girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCue, Ann E.

    1980-01-01

    Multimedia group counseling techniques for preadolescent girls are described. These techniques successfully helped them deal with changing body image, the importance of the peer group and the best friend, and the separation of self from parents. (JD)

  3. Asian international students' barriers to joining group counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ji-Yeon

    2014-10-01

    This cross-sectional study examined anticipated reactions to group participation among Asian international students (ISs). Structural equation modeling confirmed that Asian ISs' (n = 180) level of acculturation was associated with their attitude toward joining group counseling, which is partially mediated by their stigma toward help-seeking. The results of multiple regression analyses indicated that ISs who reported higher place dependence, stigma toward help-seeking, and fear of negative evaluation reported more fear about disclosing emotional parts of themselves to other group members in the presence of a group member from the same country of origin. The results showed that ISs' perceived difficulties in providing feedback to a group member in the presence of an IS from the same country of origin were predicted by low place identity, high place dependence, and more stigma. International students' willingness to disclose and provide feedback in a group counseling setting was compared in three different hypothetical situations based on other group members' demographics, and the results showed that ISs are more afraid of self-disclosure in the presence of an international student from the same country.

  4. Using Feature Films to Teach Group Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tyler, J. Michael; Reynolds, Therese

    1998-01-01

    A model for incorporating feature films into a course for training group facilitators is presented. Using cognitive-learning theories, the authors describe how films may be used as an advanced organizer, as the basis for student learning assessment, or as examples of specific theory in action. Specific examples are provided. (Author/EMK)

  5. Effectiveness of group counselling for smoking cessation in hospital staff

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Schoonis

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Smoking prevalence among hospital staff is still considerable. It is well known that smoking cessation is difficult to establish without any help. Group counselling is effective for smoking cessation. In 2004, therefore, we decided to offer group counselling for smoking cessation to our hospital staff. (1 To assess the efficacy of group counselling given by a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals. (2 To determine the quit rate after group counselling in hospital staff. The program is based on 10 group sessions of 90 min each. Each group contains a maximum of 16 participants. The group sessions were led by a nurse specialized in smoking cessation and consisted of education and behavioural interventions provided by health care professionals (respiratory physician, psychologist and a dietician. To improve smoking cessation motivation, spirometry (FEV1 and FVC and exhaled CO were measured both at the start and at the end of the group counselling. In total, 38 participants of 3 different groups entered group counselling. The mean age was 48 years, and 71% was female. They smoked an average of 20 cigarettes per day. Based on exhaled CO measurements and self-reports, smoking cessation, the quit rates after 6 months, 1 year and 2 years were, 27/35 (77%, 25/35 (72% and 23/35 (66%, respectively. Group counselling program on smoking cessation in hospital staff based on 10 group sessions was able to induce a remarkably high amount of quitters. The hospital setting offered the opportunity to meet the group participants frequently afterwards, what might have helped in keeping the quitting results at about the same level, even after 2 years’ follow-up.

  6. Distance Career Counseling: A Technology-Assisted Model for Delivering Career Counseling Services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djadali, Yas; Malone, James F.

    The purpose of the present article is to demonstrate the need for distance career counseling services, and to present an evolving counseling model that combines the best practices of face-to-face career counseling with technology. The article begins by tracing the historical development of distance career counseling models, and then illustrates…

  7. Using Multilevel Modeling in Counseling Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Martin F.

    2012-01-01

    This conceptual and practical overview of multilevel modeling (MLM) for researchers in counseling and development provides guidelines on setting up SPSS to perform MLM and an example of how to present the findings. It also provides a discussion on how counseling and developmental researchers can use MLM to address their own research questions.…

  8. Structural Equation Modeling in Rehabilitation Counseling Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Fong; Lee, Gloria K.; Lee, Eun-Jeong; Kubota, Coleen; Allen, Chase A.

    2007-01-01

    Structural equation modeling (SEM) has become increasingly popular in counseling, psychology, and rehabilitation research. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the basic concepts and applications of SEM in rehabilitation counseling research using the AMOS statistical software program.

  9. Group counseling for medical students with drop-out experiences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Eun Kyung; Baek, Sunyong; Woo, Jae Seok; Im, Sun Ju; Lee, Sun Hee; Kam, Beesung; Lee, Sang Yeoup; Yun, So Jung

    2013-03-01

    The purpose of this research was to describe our group counseling methods for medical students with drop-out experiences. Group counseling was offered to 11 medical students with drop-out experiences in their previous second semester. All subjects provided written informed consent before participating and completed a 2-day group counseling program using the Gestalt approach. The self-assertiveness training group counseling program consisted of 6 sessions, each of which lasted 90 minutes. Experience reports by participants after the program and data from semi-structured qualitative interviews were qualitatively analyzed. Program participants reported that they were moderately satisfied with the program regarding its usefulness and helpfulness on self-awareness, understanding, and reminding them of attempts to change behavior. Most students showed heightened levels of sincerity perceptions and positive attitudes in every session. The results demonstrated significant changes in experience in self-esteem, self-recognition, and interpersonal relationships. A group counseling program using the Gestalt approach could help medical students with drop-out experiences to adjust with 1 year their juniors, enhance their self-esteem, contribute to their psychological well-being, and prevent student re-failure through effective stress management and improved interpersonal relationships.

  10. Follow Up Study of Group Counseling with Underachieving College Freshmen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valine, Warren J.

    The purpose of this study was to report long-range effects of group counseling and the college growth experience of students who were identified as underachievers and were enrolled as freshmen during the fall of 1969. Five variables were selected for this study as having possible influence on self-concept: (1) group, (2) education, (3) status, (4)…

  11. The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral group counseling on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... of cognitive-behavioral group counseling on stress and self-education. ... This research is a pre-test and post-test experimental design along with the control group. ... Data collection tool is Morgan- Jinks (MJSES) Student Efficacy Scale ...

  12. A Study of the Effects of a Skills-Based Versus a Conventional Group Counseling Training Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smaby, Marlowe H.; Maddux, Cleborne D.; Torres-Rivera, Edil; Zimmick, Renee

    1999-01-01

    Reports on a study of counselors-in-training who completed systematic groups skills training based on the Skilled Group Counseling Training Model (SGCTM). Findings indicate that higher level group-counseling skills can be efficiently taught prior to practica and internships. Concludes that if counselors-in-training gain higher level skills prior…

  13. Models of genetic counseling and their effects on multicultural genetic counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Linwood J

    2002-06-01

    This theoretical paper examines challenges to multicultural genetic counseling, counseling between culturally different clients and counselors, in the context of Kessler's typology of models of genetic counseling (Kessler S (1997) J Genet Counsel 6:287-295). It is suggested that challenges such as resistance to multicultural genetic counseling education may be due to conceptions about genetic counseling as a biomedical field that transcends questions of culture as well as lack of multicultural training or prejudice. Directions for future research and recommendations for multicultural genetic counseling education are briefly explored.

  14. Counseling Group Curriculum for Parents on Bullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamanna, John; Shillingford, M. Ann; Parrish, Mary-Frances; Sheffield, Rebecca

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses the impact of bullying on K-12 students and the importance of collaborative partnerships between home and school in decreasing the dramatic effects of student bullying behaviors. The authors present a six-week, research-based, small group curriculum specifically developed for professional school counselors to support parents…

  15. Group Counseling Using the Gestalt Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneibel, Dan

    The phenomenological-existential therapy known as gestalt therapy sees awareness as its major goal. Clients are helped to become aware of what they are doing, how they are doing it, and how they can change themselves while, at the same time, learning to accept and value themselves. An important topic in the gestalt group process is the key…

  16. Group Treatment of Eating Disorders in a University Counseling Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snodgrass, Gregory; And Others

    Sociocultural pressures to pursue an unrealistic ideal of thinness have contributed to an increasing number of students seeking help at a university counseling center for the eating disorders of anorexia nervosa and bulimia. To help these students, a group treatment technique was developed using a cognitive-behavioral approach. Treatment…

  17. Ethnic group preferences for multicultural counseling competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraga, Elizabeth D; Atkinson, Donald R; Wampold, Bruce E

    2004-02-01

    Asian American (n = 155), European American (n = 200), and Hispanic (n = 152) undergraduate students were surveyed using a paired-comparison format to determine preferences for the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 11 knowledges, and 11 skills identified by D. W. Sue, P. Arredondo, and R. J. McDavis (1992) as characteristics of the competent multicultural counselor. The Bradley-Terry-Luce model, which uses a weighted least square regression to place the competencies on a continuum from least preferred to most preferred and to test for significant intergroup differences, was used to analyze the data. Results indicated that preferences for 5 of the 9 attitudes/beliefs, 5 of the 11 knowledges, and 7 of the 11 skills competencies varied as a function of race/ethnicity.

  18. An Integrated Model of Outplacement Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aquilanti, Tara M.; Leroux, Janice

    1999-01-01

    The Aquilanti Integrated Model of Outplacement was developed from various aspects of existing grief and career theories. It comprises many practical elements that are present in the other models as well personal experience and knowledge of career counseling. It involves four phases: loss, grieving, and transition; personal development; job search;…

  19. An Integrated Model of Outplacement Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aquilanti, Tara M.; Leroux, Janice

    1999-01-01

    The Aquilanti Integrated Model of Outplacement was developed from various aspects of existing grief and career theories. It comprises many practical elements that are present in the other models as well personal experience and knowledge of career counseling. It involves four phases: loss, grieving, and transition; personal development; job search;…

  20. Associations among self-concept, verbal behaviors, and group climate early in the group counseling process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jen Der Pan, Peter; Fan, Ai Chun; Bhat, Christine Suniti; Chang, Shona Shih Hua

    2012-12-01

    In this study, relations among group members' self-concept, verbal behaviors, and group climate early in the group counseling process were assessed for college students who were randomly assigned to four counseling groups. Based on measures from the hill interaction matrix, it was observed that family, social, and action self-concepts, as well as engagement, avoidance, and conflict group climate, were correlated with several verbal behaviors. Silence and quadrant 4 (Q4), which consists of speculative and confrontative verbal behaviors at personal and relationship levels, significantly predicted and explained 43% of the variance in engagement group climate. Silence and Q3, comprised of conventional and assertive verbal behaviors at personal and relationship levels, and Q1, conventional and assertive verbal behaviors at topic and group levels, explained 66% of variance in avoidance climate. Q4 and Silence explained 33% of conflict climate variance early in the group sessions. Implications for research and counseling practice are suggested.

  1. Fractured Connections: Migration and Holistic Models of Counselling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Jeannie; Lang, Steve K. W.; Cornforth, Sue

    2011-01-01

    In this article we aim to explore those points at which migrant identity and landscape intersect. We also consider implications for holistic models of counselling with migrant groups. The New Zealand migration literature was the starting point to consider how and why the experience of migration has been studied. We asked how collective biography…

  2. The Role of Public and Self-Stigma in Predicting Attitudes toward Group Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, David L.; Shechtman, Zipora; Wade, Nathaniel G.

    2010-01-01

    Public and self-stigmas have been implicated as factors in the underutilization of individual counseling. However, group counseling is also underutilized, and yet scholars know very little about the role of different types of stigma on attitudes toward seeking group counseling. Therefore, the current study examined the relationships between public…

  3. Pastoral Group Counselling at a High Security Prison in Israel: Integrating Pierre Janet's Psychological Analysis with Fritz Perls' Gestalt Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Paul; Brown, Marta

    2015-03-01

    This is a report of a short-term, pastoral counselling group conducted with Jewish internees in a high security prison in Israel. It was held as an adjunct to daily secular individual and group counselling and rehabilitation run by the Department of Social Work. Pastoral counselling employed spiritual and psychosocial methodologies to reduce anger, improve prisoner frustration tolerance, and develop a sense of self-efficacy and communal identity. It combined semi-didactic scriptural input with Pierre Janet's personality model, Fritz Perls' gestalt therapy, and analysis of the group process. © The Author(s) 2015 Reprints and permissions:sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  4. Impact of Group Counseling on Self and Other Acceptance and Persistence with Rural Disadvantaged Student Families. Counseling Services Report No. 15.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwager, Herbert A.; Conrad, Rowan W.

    The current study examined the effectiveness of a theme-centered developmental group model focusing on communications and on the differential effects of two group settings for counseling delivery. The subjects were 32 young, disadvantaged adults, consisting of 15 married couples and two divorced females, who were randomly assigned to spouse…

  5. Using Personal Growth Groups in Multicultural Counseling Courses to Foster Students' Ethnic Identity Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowell, P. Clay; Benshoff, James M.

    2008-01-01

    This study was designed to examine the relationship between personal growth group (PGG) experiences in multicultural counseling courses and counseling students' ethnic identity development. Differences in ethnic identity development were compared between counseling students who participated in a PGG experience as part of a multicultural counseling…

  6. Developmental Career Assessment and Counseling: The C-DAC Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Super, Donald E.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Discusses Career-Development Assessment and Counseling model, which implements current development theory and uses innovative assessment measures and improved counseling methods to improve vocational and life career counseling. Focuses on assessment, treating interests and preferences as basic status data to be viewed in light of career maturity,…

  7. The Life Design Group: A Case Study Vignette in Group Career Construction Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barclay, Susan R.; Stoltz, Kevin B.

    2016-01-01

    Providing cost efficient, yet effective, student services, including career services, is a critical component in higher education. Career services must include the perspectives of the 21st-century work place. We advocate for the delivery of career development services in a group format using a narrative approach to career counseling with college…

  8. Career group counseling in undecided college female seniors' state anxiety and career indecision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, H

    2001-06-01

    A sample of female college seniors experiencing career indecision participated in a career group counseling (n: 16), a wait-list control group (n: 8), and an additional career-counseling group (n: 11). Participants were administered the Career Decision Scale and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory at pretest and posttest. Analysis of covariance of state anxiety scores and career indecision scores yielded significant main effects for treatment. Participants in the career-counseling groups showed a decrease in scores on state anxiety and career indecision. Implications for research and female career group counseling are also discussed.

  9. Effect of Solution Focused Group Counseling for High School Students in Order to Struggle with School Burnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ates, Bünyamin

    2016-01-01

    In this research, the effect of solution focused group counseling upon high school students struggling with school burnout was analyzed. The research was an experimental study in which a pre-test post-test control group random design was used, depending upon the real experimental model. The study group included 30 students that volunteered from…

  10. Child-Witnesses of Domestic Violence: The Evolution of a Counseling Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Elizabeth Heather

    2009-01-01

    A qualitative research design was used to explore the processes by which four child-witnesses of domestic violence made meaning of their experiences in a counseling group. A specific aim of this study was to determine if there were stages of group development that occurred in the counseling group with four young child-witnesses of domestic…

  11. What Do the Participants Gain? Group Counselling to Enhance Agency at Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanhalakka-Ruoho, Marjatta; Ruponen, Ritva

    2013-01-01

    Group counselling was carried out in an IT enterprise. The task was to study structured group counselling as a space for enhancing participants' agency at work. The first research question concerned changes the participants reported regarding the group and their collaborative and individual work. The second research question asked what kinds…

  12. Teaching Couples Counseling: An Integrative Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Lynn L.; Burnett, Judith A.

    2005-01-01

    Traditionally, training in couples counseling has not received equal status as other counseling modalities. Recently, there is renewed interest in specific training for couples counseling as more emphasis is placed on the stability of couple relationships as an important factor for helping families and children function in a society of frequent…

  13. A Psychodynamic Approach on Group Career Counseling: A Brazilian Experience of 40 Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehman, Yvette Piha; Ribeiro, Marcelo Afonso; da Conceição Coropos Uvaldo, Maria; da Silva, Fabiano Fonseca

    2015-01-01

    Career guidance and career counselling have traditionally been conducted in an individualized fashion focusing on the counsellor-client relationship. Specialized literature, however, points to the potential use of group strategies. This article seeks to contribute to the advancement of studies in group career counselling practices, by introducing…

  14. Effects of Structured Group Counseling on Anger Management Skills of Nursing Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Üzar-Özçetin, Yeter Sinem; Hiçdurmaz, Duygu

    2017-03-01

    Anger management is an important skill for nurses to prevent conflicts in the health care environment. Efforts, beginning with nursing education, are required to improve this skill and evaluate the effects. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a structured counseling program on improving the anger management skills of nursing students. The study had an experimental design with pre- and posttests. Twenty-six undergraduate nursing students who were randomly assigned to the groups participated. The authors conducted eight counseling sessions with the experiment group and no intervention with the control group. Data were collected using the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory. The counseling group had higher anger control and repression scores and lower trait anger scores after the counseling, compared with the control group. This counseling improved the students' anger management skills. Therefore, such programs should be integrated into the services provided for nursing students. [J Nurs Educ. 2017;56(3):174-181.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  15. An Application of Satir's Model to Family Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seligman, Linda

    1981-01-01

    Describes the use of Virginia Satir's model to family counseling, emphasizing prevention, personal growth, self-esteem, and communication in improving the functioning of the family system. Presents a case study using the model. Results indicate the family became more nurturing as a result of counseling. (JAC)

  16. Counseling People Living in Poverty: The CARE Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foss, Louisa L.; Generali, Margaret M.; Kress, Victoria E.

    2011-01-01

    Counselors frequently counsel clients who live in poverty. The authors describe the new CARE model that addresses the influence of multiple systems on poor clients' experiences. A social justice, humanistic intervention, the CARE model emphasizes cultivating a positive counseling relationship with poor clients, empathizing with their unique…

  17. An Application of Satir's Model to Family Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seligman, Linda

    1981-01-01

    Describes the use of Virginia Satir's model to family counseling, emphasizing prevention, personal growth, self-esteem, and communication in improving the functioning of the family system. Presents a case study using the model. Results indicate the family became more nurturing as a result of counseling. (JAC)

  18. Career Repertoires of IT Students: A Group Counselling Case Study in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penttinen, Leena; Vesisenaho, Mikko

    2013-01-01

    Uncertainty about future career prospects has increased enormously for students enrolled in higher education Information Technology (IT) programs. However, many computer science programmes pay little attention to career counselling. This article reports the results of a pilot study intended to develop group counselling for IT students to promote…

  19. Group Counseling for Individual Decision-Making: Maximizing the Effectiveness of the College Placement Service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pate, Robert H., Jr.; And Others

    This report is the result of a demonstration project the purposes of which were to demonstrate the feasibility of providing career counseling by specially trained graduate assistants as part of the college placement service, and to demonstrate that such counseling can be provided as effectively and more efficiently in a group setting than in the…

  20. Career Repertoires of IT Students: A Group Counselling Case Study in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penttinen, Leena; Vesisenaho, Mikko

    2013-01-01

    Uncertainty about future career prospects has increased enormously for students enrolled in higher education Information Technology (IT) programs. However, many computer science programmes pay little attention to career counselling. This article reports the results of a pilot study intended to develop group counselling for IT students to promote…

  1. A Model and a Metalanguage for Research on Psychological Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Michael J.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    A model of two-person interaction in psychological counseling, which is derived from Alfred Schutz's phenomenological theory of social relations, and a computer-assisted metalanguage based on case-grammar theory are presented, and their applicability to the analysis of natural language in counseling is argued. (Author)

  2. Interactive Training Model: Enhancing Beginning Counseling Student Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paladino, Derrick A.; Minton, Casey A. Barrio; Kern, Carolyn W.

    2011-01-01

    The authors propose the Interactive Training Model (ITM), a full classroom role play experience, as a method for helping student counselors develop essential interviewing and counseling skills and self-awareness as required by the 2009 Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs "Standards." This pre-post,…

  3. Using exercises to cope with the transference in the process of group counseling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Boyacı

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available People who have different characteristics maintain their life by communicating each other. Today people may have many problems related to their relationships with others. So they may need professional support when they could not find a solution for some personal or social problems which they have faced throughout their life. In this sense, Counseling and Group Counseling is a professional field having the aim of helping people to overcome those problems. Group counseling has some advantages compared to individual counseling. The feeling of not being alone within the group and transfer of the experiences learned in the sessions to social life are some advantages of group counseling. Besides its advantages, transference and countertransference may arise in group counseling process. In this article; the exercises which may help to the group leader to cope with transference and countertransference during the group counseling have been examined in a theoretical framework. Some exercises like role playing, empty chair and unfinished business were discussed in the light of literature.  At the end of the study some recommendations and suggestions are offered to the counselors and the field professionals.

  4. Multilevel modeling: overview and applications to research in counseling psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Jeffrey H

    2011-04-01

    Multilevel modeling (MLM) is rapidly becoming the standard method of analyzing nested data, for example, data from students within multiple schools, data on multiple clients seen by a smaller number of therapists, and even longitudinal data. Although MLM analyses are likely to increase in frequency in counseling psychology research, many readers of counseling psychology journals have had only limited exposure to MLM concepts. This paper provides an overview of MLM that blends mathematical concepts with examples drawn from counseling psychology. This tutorial is intended to be a first step in learning about MLM; readers are referred to other sources for more advanced explorations of MLM. In addition to being a tutorial for understanding and perhaps even conducting MLM analyses, this paper reviews recent research in counseling psychology that has adopted a multilevel framework, and it provides ideas for MLM approaches to future research in counseling psychology.

  5. Self-Esteem and Vocational Self-Esteem Enhancement: A Group Counseling Program for University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aricak, O. Tolga

    2002-01-01

    This study is a group counseling program developed to enhance self-esteem and vocational self-esteem of university students. In this paper, a brief theoretical background, all sessions of the program and applications were presented. (Contains 14 footnotes.)

  6. Alternate service delivery models in cancer genetic counseling: a mini-review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Hudson Buchanan

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Demand for cancer genetic counseling has grown rapidly in recent years as germline genomic information has become increasingly incorporated into cancer care and the field has entered the public consciousness through high-profile celebrity publications. Increased demand and existing variability in the availability of trained cancer genetics clinicians place a priority on developing and evaluating alternate service delivery models for genetic counseling. This mini-review summarizes the state of science regarding service delivery models such as telephone counseling, telegenetics and group counseling. Research on comparative effectiveness of these models in traditional individual, in-person genetic counseling has been promising for improving access to care in a manner acceptable to patients. Yet, it has not fully evaluated the short- and long-term patient- and system-level outcomes that will help answer the question of whether these models achieve the same beneficial psychosocial and behavioral outcomes as traditional cancer genetic counseling. We propose a research agenda focused on comparative effectiveness of available service delivery models and how to match models to patients and practice settings. Only through this rigorous research can clinicians and systems find the optimal balance of clinical quality, ready and secure access to care, and financial sustainability. Such research will be integral to achieving the promise of genomic medicine in oncology.

  7. Effects of group sexual counseling on the traditional perceptions and attitudes of Iranian pregnant women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navidian A

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Ali Navidian,1 Shahindokht Navabi Rigi,2 Parvin Soltani2 1Department of Counseling, Pregnancy Health Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran; 2Department of Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery School, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IranBackground: Marital relationships may fluctuate due to physical and psychological changes during pregnancy. This study aimed to investigate the effect of group sexual counseling on the traditional perceptions and attitudes of pregnant women.Methods: This was a quasiexperimental intervention study. Among the pregnant women who were referred to health care centers in Zahedan, Iran, in 2015 for routine care during pregnancy, 100 individuals were chosen and randomly categorized into two groups: intervention (n=50 and control (n=50. Variables were the participant’s attitudes and beliefs on sexual activity during pregnancy. The data were collected during pregnancy using the Sexual Activities and Attitudes Questionnaire. The questionnaire was completed before and 6 weeks after five sessions of group sexual counseling. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (Version 20 with descriptive and analytical statistics.Results: The mean of score changes for sexual attitudes and traditional perceptions in the intervention group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.0001. Analysis of covariance also showed that the mean score of the participant’s traditional perceptions and sexual attitudes in both groups was significantly different after the group sexual counseling.Discussion: Due to the positive effect of group sexual counseling on improving the attitudes of pregnant women about sexual issues and reframing the traditional perceptions over sexual activities during pregnancy, it is recommended that this educational intervention should be integrated into counseling and prenatal care for pregnant women. Keywords: group sexual counseling, belief, attitude

  8. COUNSELING MODEL BASED ON GUSJIGANG CULTURE: CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK OF COUNSELING MODEL BASED ON LOCAL WISDOMS IN KUDUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edris Zamroni

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the developing of conceptual framework of gusjigang counseling model as a manifestation of local wisdoms hold by the people of Kudus regency. Gusjigang is a philosophy of life taught by Sunan Kudus (one of the nine Java island’s first Muslim missionaries which teaches men to have a good behavior (gus, to be good at reciting Koran (ji as well as trading (gang. Gusjigang counseling model is close to Islamic counseling nuance which sets out the Islamic values of Kudus people who have been widely known as religious people. The goals of this counseling model are to develop men's virtuous characters, scientific and systematic thoughts, and improve persistence, creativity, innovativeness to survive.

  9. Superiority of group counseling to individual coaching for parents of children with learning disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danino, Maly; Shechtman, Zippi

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Two interventions for parents of children with learning disabilities (LD)-individual coaching and group counseling-were compared. Participants were 169 parents, non-randomly assigned to three experimental conditions: coaching (n=45), group counseling (n=93) and control (n=31). Variables included outcomes (parental stress and parental coping), personal (perceived social support) and process (bonding with therapist/group). Findings indicated more favorable outcomes for parents in both treatment conditions compared to control, more favorable outcomes on the stress index for parents treated in groups compared to individual coaching, and bonding was the most consistent predictor of outcomes. The discussion focuses on the power of group counseling for parents of children with LD.

  10. Evaluation of a Group Counseling Program Designed to Enhance Social Adjustment of Mentally Retarded Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Dong Yul

    1977-01-01

    Moderately retarded institutionalized residents received 10 weeks of structured group counseling focused on five areas of social and personal adjustment. Results showed that in each of the above variables, the experimental group showed a greater mean score than that of the control group. (Author)

  11. Student Counseling Groups in Senior High School Settings: An Evaluation of Outcome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, Susan E.; Kilmann, Peter R.

    1979-01-01

    This paper reviewed the studies which evaluated counseling groups in senior high school settings. A methodological evaluation was conducted within four areas: subjects, counselors, treatment, and outcome criteria. Overall, behavioral and directive groups achieved greater success than nondirective or client-centered groups. (Author)

  12. The effect of adding group-based counselling to individual lifestyle counselling on changes in dietary intake. The Inter99 study--a randomized controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Ulla; Kristoffersen, Lis; Ladelund, Steen;

    2008-01-01

    Few studies have investigated the specific effect of single intervention components in randomized controlled trials. The purpose was to investigate the effect of adding group-based diet and exercise counselling to individual life-style counselling on long-term changes in dietary habits....

  13. SPARC Groups: A Model for Incorporating Spiritual Psychoeducation into Group Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christmas, Christopher; Van Horn, Stacy M.

    2012-01-01

    The use of spirituality as a resource for clients within the counseling field is growing; however, the primary focus has been on individual therapy. The purpose of this article is to provide counseling practitioners, administrators, and researchers with an approach for incorporating spiritual psychoeducation into group work. The proposed model can…

  14. The Effect of Group Counseling Program on 8th Grade Students’ Assertiveness Levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmail SEÇER

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study is conducted to determine the effects of group counseling program on elementary school 8th grade students’ assertiveness skills. Study group was formed of 100 students getting educated in Erzurum Kültür Elementary School in 2011-2012 education years. RAE-Rathus Assertiveness Schedule was applied on this group to gather data. 30 students getting lower scores from the inventory have been randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Each group is formed of 15 students. Group counseling program has been carried out for 8 weeks on the experimental group to improve the students’ assertiveness skills. Single-way and two-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA has been used in the analysis of the data. The data is analyzed with SPSS 19.00. The results of the study show that assertiveness skills of the students who participate in the group counseling program has increased significantly compared to the control group and to the preexperimental circumstances. Besides, it is determined that the change observed in the experimental group has been occurred separately from the age and socio-economic level variables, and it is determined with the monitoring test applied after four months that this affect is continued. According to this result, it can be said that the applied group counseling program is an effective means to improve the assertiveness skills of elementary school students

  15. The Effectiveness of Transactional Analysis Group-counseling on the Improvement of Couples’ Family Functioning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghorban Ali Yahyaee

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background & Aims of the Study: Family functioning is among the most important factors ensuring the mental health of family members. Disorder or disturbance in family functioning would cause many psychological problems for family members. Current study intended to examine the effectiveness of transactional analysis group counseling on the improvement of couple's family functioning. Materials & Methods: The design of the study is as semi experimental research with pretest and posttest with follow up and control group. Statistical population consists all couples referring to the psychological and counseling centers of Rasht city in 2012. Samples were selected at first by available sampling method and after completing family assessment  device, and obtaining score for enter to research, were placement using random sampling method in two experimental and control groups (N = 8 couples per group. The experimental group participated in 12 sessions of group counseling based on transactional analysis and control group received no intervention. The gathered data were analyzed using covariance analysis. Results: The results show that there are significant differences between the pre-test and post test scores of the experimental group. This difference is significant at the level of 0.05. Therefore it seems that transactional group therapy improved the dimensions of family functioning in couples. Conclusions: The results indicated that transactional analysis group counseling can improve the family functioning and use this approach to working with couples is recommended.

  16. Group Counseling with United States Racial Minority Groups: A 25-Year Content Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark-Rose, Rose M.; Livingston-Sacin, Tina M.; Merchant, Niloufer; Finley, Amanda C.

    2012-01-01

    A 25-year content analysis was conducted of published group work articles that focused on 5 racial groups (African American, Asian American/Pacific Islander, Latino/a, Native American, and Intercultural group). Articles were included if they described an intervention or conceptual model with 1 of the racial groups. The analysis revealed 15 content…

  17. Group Counseling with United States Racial Minority Groups: A 25-Year Content Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stark-Rose, Rose M.; Livingston-Sacin, Tina M.; Merchant, Niloufer; Finley, Amanda C.

    2012-01-01

    A 25-year content analysis was conducted of published group work articles that focused on 5 racial groups (African American, Asian American/Pacific Islander, Latino/a, Native American, and Intercultural group). Articles were included if they described an intervention or conceptual model with 1 of the racial groups. The analysis revealed 15 content…

  18. Increasing Students' Empathy and Counseling Self-Efficacy through a Mindfulness Experiential Small Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohecker, Lynn; Doughty Horn, Elizabeth A.

    2016-01-01

    This study used the Solomon 4-group design to examine the relationship between a mindfulness experiential small group (MESG) and mindfulness skills, empathy, counseling self-efficacy, and perceived stress for counselors in training (CITs). Understanding how the MESG affects these characteristics provides essential information to inform the…

  19. The Evolution of a Children's Domestic Violence Counseling Group: Stages and Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, E. Heather

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this qualitative case study is to illuminate the lived experiences of 4 young children between 6 and 7 years old who witnessed domestic violence while revealing the complex relationship between group process and stage development in their 18-week counseling group. Data revealed that processes occurring between and among group…

  20. Transactional Analysis and Gestalt Therapy Used in Conjunction with Group Counseling for Married Couples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sisson, P. Joe; And Others

    1977-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of combining Transactional Analysis and Gestalt therapy with group counseling for married couples. Six treatment couples and 12 control group members were pre/post administered the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale to assess changes in the level of their self-esteem. There were some significant results. (Author/JEL)

  1. Use of Group Counseling to Address Ethnic Identity Development: Application with Adolescents of Mexican Descent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malott, Krista M.; Paone, Tina R.; Humphreys, Kourtney; Martinez, Triana

    2010-01-01

    This article provides qualitative outcomes from a group counseling intervention whose goal was to facilitate the ethnic identity development of Mexican-origin youth. Outcomes revealed that participants perceived group participation as meaningful. Themes that emerged from the data included the importance of the relationship to engender change,…

  2. Towards a Conceptual Basis for Understanding Developmental Guidance and Counselling Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aluede, Oyaziwo; Imonikhe, Justina; Afen-Akpaida, Justina

    2007-01-01

    Comprehensive developmental guidance and counselling model is a 21st century school counselling intervention emphasizing school guidance curriculum, individual student planning, responsive counselling services and system support. The aims of this paper therefore, were to articulately define comprehensive guidance and counselling within the…

  3. A Model for Addressing Spiritual Issues in Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russo, Thomas J.

    1984-01-01

    Discusses the hesitancy of counselors and psychotherapists to approach the spiritual concerns of clients. Proposes a counseling and psychotherapy training model that contains discrete yet continuous levels of learning. The holistic epistemology of Gregory Bateson is used to derive guiding theoretical principles for the training model. (Author/JAC)

  4. Reconceptualizing Social Influence in Counseling: The Elaboration Likelihood Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McNeill, Brian W.; Stoltenberg, Cal D.

    1989-01-01

    Presents Elaboration Likelihood Model (ELM) of persuasion (a reconceptualization of the social influence process) as alternative model of attitude change. Contends ELM unifies conflicting social psychology results and can potentially account for inconsistent research findings in counseling psychology. Provides guidelines on integrating…

  5. [Effectiveness of enneagram group counseling for self-identification and depression in nursing college students].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jeong Seop; Yoon, Jeong Ah; Do, Keong Jin

    2013-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine effects of enneagram group counseling program on self-identification and depression in nursing college students. Three groups, categorized by how the students solve their conflicts, were selected to identify changes from the program. A quasi-experimental study with a non-equivalent control group and pre posttest design was used. Participants were assigned to the experimental group (n=30) or control group (n=33). The experimental group participated in enneagram group counseling program for 38 hours through eight sessions covering four different topics. Collected data were analyzed using Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, t-test, and Wilcoxon signed rank test. Total self-identity score for the experimental group was significantly higher than the control group. However, there was no significant difference between the two groups for depression scores. The Assertive and Compliant groups demonstrated significant change in self-identification while the Withdrawn groups did not reveal any change. Results indicate that the enneagram group counseling program is very effective in establishing positive self-identification for nursing college students who face developmental crisis and stressful situations. It is also expected that this program would be useful to enhance the students' confidence through a deeper understanding and acceptance of themselves.

  6. SELF EFFICACY OF ORPHANAGE ADOLESCENT AND IMPROVED THROUGH WITH GROUP COUNSELING APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurul Atieka

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: One aspect that affects the independence and confidence teens orphanage to live in the wider environment, and ready to tackle the problems in the struggle for life in the future is self-efficacy. The purpose of this study is to describe and improve the efficacy of adolescent orphanage by providing group counseling. Type of research is experimental. The study population is adolescent orphanage upper secondary school age with the number 120. These samples included 51 adolescents orphanage for the control group and 14 adolescents orphanage for the experiment. Group selection of samples using proportional random sampling technique. The research instrument that is the scale of self-efficacy, and data analysis techniques with a t-test. Results of the study are the level of self-efficacy orphanage teenagers are in the low category of being. Group counseling services performed may increase self-efficacy, it is evident from the increase in the average score, and through statistical analysis known that that greater than t 2,897 (2,000, and the significance value 0.005> 0.05. Thus, the group counseling services significantly affect the increase in a self-efficacy teenage orphanage. Keywords: self-efficacy, group counseling, teens

  7. The effect of adding group-based counselling to individual lifestyle counselling on changes in dietary intake. The Inter99 study – a randomized controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Smith Lisa; Pisinger Charlotta; Lau Cathrine; Ovesen Lars; Ladelund Steen; Kristoffersen Lis; Toft Ulla; Borch-Johnsen Knut; Jørgensen Torben

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Few studies have investigated the specific effect of single intervention components in randomized controlled trials. The purpose was to investigate the effect of adding group-based diet and exercise counselling to individual life-style counselling on long-term changes in dietary habits. Methods The study was a randomized controlled intervention study. From a general Danish population, aged 30 to 60 years (n = 61,301), two random sample were drawn (group A, n = 11,708; grou...

  8. Dynamics of a Counseling Group: The Counselor as Leader

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glotzer, Shelly

    1973-01-01

    The counselor is important for effective functioning of a group. Many interactions evolve from his presence and the client's subsequent struggles to be dependent and independent. The various phases in this sturggle are explained as is their relation to Freudian theory. (EK)

  9. A Case Study: An ACT Stress Management Group in a University Counseling Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daltry, Rachel M.

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of an acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) stress management group in a college counseling center setting. This study explored (a) the effectiveness of ACT in increasing participants' ability to tolerate distress, which directly affects their ability to function in a stressful college…

  10. Evaluating the Use of Reflective Counseling Group Supervision for Military Counselors in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jen der Pan, Peter; Deng, Liang-Yu F.; Tsai, Shiou-Ling

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of reflective counseling group supervision (RCGS) for military counselors. A convenience sampling method is adopted. Twenty-two military counselors participate in this study. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods are used for collecting and analyzing data. The results support our…

  11. ArtBreak Group Counseling for Children: Framework, Practice Points, and Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziff, Katherine; Ivers, Nathaniel N.; Shaw, Edward G.

    2016-01-01

    Child social/emotional development and mitigation of child stress are receiving continued emphasis in the literature. While choice-based group art studios have a long association with mental health, documentation on their potential for supporting children is limited. This article describes an elementary school counseling intervention designed to…

  12. Evaluating the Use of Reflective Counseling Group Supervision for Military Counselors in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jen der Pan, Peter; Deng, Liang-Yu F.; Tsai, Shiou-Ling

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of reflective counseling group supervision (RCGS) for military counselors. A convenience sampling method is adopted. Twenty-two military counselors participate in this study. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods are used for collecting and analyzing data. The results support our…

  13. Self-Compassion among College Counseling Center Clients: An Examination of Clinical Norms and Group Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lockard, Allison J.; Hayes, Jeffrey A.; Neff, Kristin; Locke, Benjamin D.

    2014-01-01

    There has been growing interest in the mental health benefits of self-compassion. This study was designed to establish norms on the Self-Compassion Scale-Short Form, a popular measure of self-compassion for individuals seeking counseling, and to examine group differences in self-compassion based on gender, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation,…

  14. Peer Group Counselling and School Influence on Adolescents' Self-Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egbochuku, E. O.; Aihie, N. O.

    2009-01-01

    The study focused on the influence of peer group counselling and school influence on the self-concept of adolescents' in Nigerian secondary schools. Sixty-eight Senior Secondary School II students from three schools--a boys' school, a girls' school and a co-educational school in Benin City participated in the study. A pre-test, post-test control…

  15. A Multicultural Personal Growth Group as a Pedagogical Strategy with Graduate Counseling Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Jennifer M.; Lambie, Glenn W.

    2012-01-01

    The present study investigated a six-week multicultural personal growth group as a pedagogical strategy to support first-year graduate counseling students' (N = 20) levels of ethnic identity development (Phinney & Ong, 2007) and social-cognitive maturity (Hy & Loevinger, 1996). Students' levels of ethnic identity and social-cognitive development…

  16. Supportive relationships--psychological effects of group counselling in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roessler, Kirsten K; Glintborg, Dorte; Ravn, Pernille

    2012-01-01

    -intensity aerobic exercise followed by eight weeks of group counselling (n=8) or vice versa (n=9). Interpersonal communication, emotional and relational aspects were observed and analysed throughout the period focusing on changes in health behaviour. The most salient findings showed supportive relationships...

  17. 14 Week Group Counselling Proposal for Increasing Self-Esteem in Adolescent Females

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Katherine; Mills, Bethany

    2014-01-01

    This psychoeducational counselling group is designed to explore the many facets of the emerging female adolescent identity and foster a high level of self-esteem. According to Powell (2004) adolescence is a time, and even more so for females, which can be marked by many identity conflicts and low levels of self-esteem. As such, this 14 week…

  18. A Decision-Making Model Applied to Career Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Christine; And Others

    1990-01-01

    A four-component model for career decision-making counseling relates each component to assessment questions and appropriate intervention strategies. The components are (1) conceptualization (definition of the problem); (2) enlargement of response repertoire (generation of alternatives); (3) identification of discriminative stimuli (consequences of…

  19. A Career Counseling Model for the Mentally Handicapped.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solly, David C.

    1987-01-01

    A model for career counseling for the mentally handicapped is proposed that addresses goals, method, process, interview techniques, assessment, occupational information, and materials. The process is highly structured and directive, provides predictive and prescriptive information and involves the mentally handicapped individual's parents.…

  20. Empathy: An Integral Model in the Counseling Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Arthur J.

    2010-01-01

    Expanding on a framework introduced by Carl Rogers, an integral model of empathy in counseling uses empathic understanding through 3 ways of knowing: Subjective empathy enables a counselor to momentarily experience what it is like to be a client, interpersonal empathy relates to understanding a client's phenomenological experiencing, and objective…

  1. Multilevel Modeling: Overview and Applications to Research in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Jeffrey H.

    2011-01-01

    Multilevel modeling (MLM) is rapidly becoming the standard method of analyzing nested data, for example, data from students within multiple schools, data on multiple clients seen by a smaller number of therapists, and even longitudinal data. Although MLM analyses are likely to increase in frequency in counseling psychology research, many readers…

  2. Multilevel Modeling: Overview and Applications to Research in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, Jeffrey H.

    2011-01-01

    Multilevel modeling (MLM) is rapidly becoming the standard method of analyzing nested data, for example, data from students within multiple schools, data on multiple clients seen by a smaller number of therapists, and even longitudinal data. Although MLM analyses are likely to increase in frequency in counseling psychology research, many readers…

  3. A Developmentally Based Counseling Intervention Model for Managing Career Transitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Judy

    The counselor's role as an organizational change agent can be a catalytic force aimed at helping to create workplace wellness through psychological management of the change process. The Lewis and Lewis (1989) community counseling model provides helping professionals with guidelines to design comprehensive intervention strategies for assisting…

  4. Empathy: An Integral Model in the Counseling Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Arthur J.

    2010-01-01

    Expanding on a framework introduced by Carl Rogers, an integral model of empathy in counseling uses empathic understanding through 3 ways of knowing: Subjective empathy enables a counselor to momentarily experience what it is like to be a client, interpersonal empathy relates to understanding a client's phenomenological experiencing, and objective…

  5. [The emphases and basic procedures of genetic counseling in psychotherapeutic model].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yuan-Zhi; Zhong, Nanbert

    2006-11-01

    The emphases and basic procedures of genetic counseling are all different with those in old models. In the psychotherapeutic model, genetic counseling will not only focus on counselees' genetic disorders and birth defects, but also their psychological problems. "Client-centered therapy" termed by Carl Rogers plays an important role in genetic counseling process. The basic procedures of psychotherapeutic model of genetic counseling include 7 steps: initial contact, introduction, agendas, inquiry of family history, presenting information, closing the session and follow-up.

  6. The effect of adding group-based counselling to individual lifestyle counselling on changes in dietary intake. The Inter99 study – a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Smith Lisa

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Few studies have investigated the specific effect of single intervention components in randomized controlled trials. The purpose was to investigate the effect of adding group-based diet and exercise counselling to individual life-style counselling on long-term changes in dietary habits. Methods The study was a randomized controlled intervention study. From a general Danish population, aged 30 to 60 years (n = 61,301, two random sample were drawn (group A, n = 11,708; group B, n = 1,308. Subjects were invited for a health screening program. Participation rate was 52.5%. All participants received individual life-style counselling. Individuals at high risk of ischemic heart disease in group A were furthermore offered group-based life-style counselling. The intervention was repeated for high-risk individuals after one and three years. At five-year follow-up all participants were invited for a health examination. High risk individuals were included in this study (n = 2 356 and changes in dietary intake were analyzed using multilevel linear regression analyses. Results At one-year follow-up group A had significantly increased the unsaturated/saturated fat ratio compared to group B and in men a significantly greater decrease in saturated fat intake was found in group A compared to group B (net change: -1.13 E%; P = 0.003. No differences were found between group A and B at three-year follow-up. At five-year follow-up group A had significantly increased the unsaturated/saturated fat ratio (net change: 0.09; P = 0.01 and the fish intake compared to group B (net change: 5.4 g/day; P = 0.05. Further, in men a non-significant tendency of a greater decrease was found at five year follow-up in group A compared to group B (net change: -0.68 E%; P = 0.10. The intake of fibre and vegetables increased in both groups, however, no significant difference was found between the groups. No differences between groups were found for saturated fat

  7. Value Analysis: A Model of Personal and Professional Ethics in Marriage and Family Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Volker

    1994-01-01

    Presents Ethics Model of Marriage and Family Counseling and its underlying assumptions. Analyzes six basic counseling values in relation to microsystems of counselor and client, mesosystem of counseling process, and societal value context as the macrosystem. Utilizes discussion of suicide to apply these values to the model. Includes 17 references.…

  8. Perbedaan Keefektifan Adlerian Group Play Counseling dan Layanan Bimbingan Klasikal dalam Meningkatkan Daya Tarik Interpersonal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fajar Bilqis

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to generate empirical data on the difference in effectiveness between Adlerian Group Play Counseling (AGPC interventions and Classical Guidance Services in enhancing interpersonal attractiveness based on social relations profiles. Research using Experimental Factorial Designs. The sample of this research is all students of grade V of Elementary School Sukasenang & Elementary School of Cihaurgeulis. The research instrument is an interpersonal and sociometric attraction questionnaire. The results show that Adlerian Group Play Counseling interventions are more effective at increasing all categories of interpersonal attractiveness than the Classical Guidance Service. Based on the analysis using two-way ANOVA test, it can be concluded that there is a difference of power level of interpersonal attraction after intervention (F = 21,322, p = 0,000 but not influenced by social relation (F = 1.56, p = 0.208. Research recommendations addressed to counselors, subject teachers, and other researchers

  9. Islamic Counselling Model to Increase Religious Commitment (Study of Students at the University UIN Bandung

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    Fenti Hikmawati

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to test the effectiveness of Islamic counseling model for helping the students to tight their religious commitment. The religious commitment is covered in three major Islamic teachings: Iman (faith, Islam (surrender to Allah, and lhsan (state of being observed by Allah. The model of Islamic counseling aims to tight students' religious commitment must to be applied immediately because the preface study reveals some students' religious commitment were not strong enough, their behavior and thinking symptoms tend to not appropriate yet with Islam norm among their association and conception toward the truth of God. To achieve the aim, the study was carried out with three steps: (1 designing a model of counseling; (2 trying out field study, using pretest-post test control group experimental design with 140 students of Islamic Religion Education, the Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teaching, State Islamic University, Sunan Gunung Djati, Bandung. Of 140 students, 70 students are from the classes: A (32 people, B (38 people, involved in control group and the test; 37 people from class C, and 33 students from class D involved in the experiment group, and; (3 designing a final model by revising the model tried-out. The variable involved three major Islamic dimensions: the iman, Islam, and ihsan of the students. The model was designed based on the theory put forward by Musfir bin Said Az-Zalmmi, that is, an integrated counseling model. The model combines and employs the ideas from other concepts into a tightly united concept, called Islamic concept. Upon completing analysis, it was found that the new concept is significantly effective to enhance students' religious commitment. A Model of Islamic Counseling (MIC is an alternative-counseling model that can be employed for teenagers/ students to enhance their religious commitment. The study recommends that: (1 MIC can be applied to fifth semester students in the Faculty of Tarbiyah State Islamic

  10. Post-Disaster Social Justice Group Work and Group Supervision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemak, Fred; Chung, Rita Chi-Ying

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses post-disaster group counseling and group supervision using a social justice orientation for working with post-disaster survivors from underserved populations. The Disaster Cross-Cultural Counseling model is a culturally responsive group counseling model that infuses social justice into post-disaster group counseling and…

  11. A Model for Student Counselling and Guidance Based on German Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Augenstein, Heinz

    1979-01-01

    Counseling and guidance at higher education institutions in the Federal Republic of Germany are examined. Characteristics of the educational scene, student problems, the development of counseling and guidance, and a test model of a counseling and guidance system being implemented and evaluated at the University of the Saarland are discussed.…

  12. Group counseling and psychotherapy across the cultural divide: the case of Ethiopian Jewish immigrants in Israel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BenEzer, Gadi

    2006-06-01

    Effective counseling across a cultural divide depends on adaptations or changes of technique to suit the particular intercultural circumstances. The concept of mutual creative space provides a guiding principle for therapists who wish to make such changes. This space is 'negotiated' between the therapist/counselor coming from the 'dominant/mainstream' group within society, and the group participants who arrive from another culture. Mutual creative space consists of the negotiation of power and a process of mutual invention, incorporating the creation, by therapist and participants, of something new that did not exist in either of their cultures of origin. A meaningful encounter and effective group counseling can take place following the negotiation of such a creative space. This is illustrated by the example of intercultural group work with Ethiopian Jewish immigrants in Israel, including an analysis of cultural characteristics of the Ethiopian group and specific ways of negotiating mutual creative space in this case. Issues discussed include: establishing trust in the cross cultural context; the use of body language and its interpretation; the psychologist as an authority figure; active participation vs. hidden learning; and working with dreams in such groups.

  13. Is Counseling Going to the Dogs? An Exploratory Study Related to the Inclusion of an Animal in Group Counseling with Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, Amber M.; Cox, Jane A.; Bernert, Donna J.; Jenkins, Christie D.

    2007-01-01

    Research has demonstrated that the use of animals in counseling provides beneficial effects to clients. This article presents literature on Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT), and details an exploratory study that applied AAT in an adolescent anger management group. Consistent with other research, beneficial effects noted in this study included a…

  14. Counseling Disabled Individuals Using a Reality Therapy Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salkowe, Andrea; Rice, David M.

    1982-01-01

    Discusses the application of a reality therapy paradigm for counseling disabled clients. Short-term counseling using a reality therapy framework provided a favorable balance between counselor direction and client acceptance of responsibility. (Author)

  15. Towards a Social Model Approach to Counselling Disabled Clients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swain, John; Griffiths, Carol; Heyman, Bob

    2003-01-01

    Explores the possible conflicts between counseling approaches that can individualize and personalize problems and disability as a political issue and illustrates the social construction of disability as an individualized problem within the counseling process. Considering the implications for counseling practice, argues for an approach to…

  16. Grief Counseling Groups for Adolescents Based on Re-Membering Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granados, Stephanie; Winslade, John; De Witt, Megan; Hedtke, Lorraine

    2009-01-01

    Focusing on "re-membering" practices is new to grief counseling. Traditional approaches to grief counseling are guided by the concepts of stages or tasks, usually to move the person toward accepting the reality of loss and to "say goodbye" to their deceased loved one. This alternative approach to grief counseling, driven by…

  17. [Effects of group psychological counseling on self-confidence and social adaptation of burn patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dang, Rui; Wang, Yishen; Li, Na; He, Ting; Shi, Mengna; Liang, Yanyan; Zhu, Chan; Zhou, Yongbo; Qi, Zongshi; Hu, Dahai

    2014-12-01

    To explore the effects of group psychological counseling on the self-confidence and social adaptation of burn patients during the course of rehabilitation. Sixty-four burn patients conforming to the inclusion criteria and hospitalized from January 2012 to January 2014 in Xijing Hospital were divided into trial group and control group according to the method of rehabilitation, with 32 cases in each group. Patients in the two groups were given ordinary rehabilitation training for 8 weeks, and the patients in trial group were given a course of group psychological counseling in addition. The Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale was used to evaluate the changes in self-confidence levels, and the number of patients with inferiority complex, normal feeling, self-confidence, and over self-confidence were counted before and after treatment. The Abbreviated Burn-Specific Health Scale was used to evaluate physical function, psychological function, social relationship, health condition, and general condition before and after treatment to evaluate the social adaptation of patients. Data were processed with t test, chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Wilcoxon test. (1) After treatment, the self-confidence levels of patients in trial group were significantly higher than those in control group (Z = -2.573, P inferiority complex was 17 (53.1%) before treatment, which was decreased to 6 (18.8%) after treatment; the number of patients with normal feeling and that of self-confidence were 8 (25.0%) and 4 (12.5%) before treatment, which were respectively increased to 13 (40.6%) and 10 (31.3%) after treatment. The overall difference in trial group was obvious between before and after treatment (Z = -4.123, P 0.05). (2) After treatment, the scores of psychological function, social relationship, health condition, and general condition were (87 ± 3), (47.8 ± 3.6), (49 ± 3), and (239 ± 10) points in trial group, which were significantly higher than those in control group [(79 ± 4), (38

  18. The Comparison of the Effects of a Didactic Stress Management Program and Group Counselling on the Coping Strategies of School Counsellors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coban, Aysel Esen; Hamamci, Zeynep

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a didactic stress management program, group counselling, and a control group on school counsellors' stress coping strategies. Thirty-four school counsellors were randomly assigned to either a didactic stress management group, group counselling, or a control group. The didactic stress management…

  19. The Strength-Based Counseling Model: A Paradigm Shift in Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Elsie J.

    2006-01-01

    Sometimes, it is difficult for a profession to move forward because its members interpret emerging conceptual models from the perspective of old frameworks. Each of the five reactants in this issue of "The Counseling Psychologist" interpreted the strength-based counseling model within their own self-adopted framework--Adlerian psychology, role…

  20. Garden Counseling Groups and Self-Esteem: A Mixed Methods Study with Children with Emotional and Behavioral Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swank, Jacqueline M.; Shin, Sang Min

    2015-01-01

    This research study focused on the use of a garden group counseling intervention to address the self-esteem of children with emotional and behavioral problems. The researchers found higher self-esteem among participants (N = 31) following the gardening group. Additionally, participants discussed feeling calm and happy and learning to working…

  1. Garden Counseling Groups and Self-Esteem: A Mixed Methods Study with Children with Emotional and Behavioral Problems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swank, Jacqueline M.; Shin, Sang Min

    2015-01-01

    This research study focused on the use of a garden group counseling intervention to address the self-esteem of children with emotional and behavioral problems. The researchers found higher self-esteem among participants (N = 31) following the gardening group. Additionally, participants discussed feeling calm and happy and learning to working…

  2. Application of the Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity to the Admission Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loewy, Michael I.; Juntunen, Cindy L.; Duan, Changming

    2009-01-01

    This article addresses the responsibility of counseling psychology programs to communicate and implement the professional training values regarding diversity as articulated in the "Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity" (henceforth the "Values Statement") clearly and directly in the advertising and admission…

  3. The Use of Touch in Counseling: An Ethical Decision-Making Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calmes, Stephanie A.; Piazza, Nick J.; Laux, John M.

    2013-01-01

    Although some counselors have advocated for the limited use of touch in counseling, others have argued that touch has no place within the counseling relationship. Despite the controversy, the use of touch has been shown to have a number of therapeutic benefits; however, there are few ethical decision-making models that are appropriate for…

  4. Application of the Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity to the Admission Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loewy, Michael I.; Juntunen, Cindy L.; Duan, Changming

    2009-01-01

    This article addresses the responsibility of counseling psychology programs to communicate and implement the professional training values regarding diversity as articulated in the "Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity" (henceforth the "Values Statement") clearly and directly in the advertising and admission…

  5. The Effectiveness of a Group Counseling Program on the Mental Health of Parents of Hearing Impaired Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Mahshid Foroughan

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Most of the studies indicates that the parents of the hearing impaired children show many mental health problems after the diagnosis of their children's hearing impairment. Counselling with the parents of the hearing impaired children is one of the most important goals of any early intervention program. This paper describes a study to determine the effectiveness of a group counselling programme for parents of hearing impaired children. Materials and Method: It was a semi-experimental study with a single group pretest-post test design. The participants were all the parents of hearing impaired children attending in an early intervention center. First the parents' mental health were assessed.Then the group counselling program was implemented. Program has involved six weekly 1.5 hour sessions. The format of each session included both lecture presentation and group discussion using cognitive behavioral procedure. Subjects were assessed before and immediately after group therapy by means of General Health Questionnaire(GHQ and Symptom Check List 90 (SCL-90 questionnaires. Resuts: The first part of the project had shown that over the half of the parents had considerable psychosocial morbidity. Comparisons showed a significant reduction from pretreatment to posttreatment in depression, anxiety and most of other psychological problems. Conclusion: The study supports the effectiveness of group therapy programs in the treatment of parents of hearing impaired children. Concerning the progress of early detection programs for the children's hearing impairment more studies should be done in the field of counseling with their parents.

  6. The Effects of Two Group Approaches on Counseling Students' Empathy Development, Group Leader Self-Efficacy Development, and Experience of the Therapeutic Factors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohrt, Jonathan H.

    2010-01-01

    Counselor education programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs (CACREP) require their students to participate in a group experience as a member for 10 clock hours over the course of an academic term (CACREP, 2009). In addition, the Association for Specialists in Group Work (ASGW) recommends…

  7. The Embedded Counseling Model: An Application to Dental Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, David Francis

    2017-01-01

    Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS). In the three semesters, 55 students attended 251 counseling appointments, with an average of 4.5 appointments per student. Their presenting psychological concerns included academic concerns, time management, test anxiety, study skills, low self-esteem, self-care, interpersonal conflicts, anxiety, depression, stress management, sexual concerns, substance abuse, eating/body image concerns, work-life balance, and financial issues. The CCAPS-34 data showed that, at initial clinical assessment, students experienced moderate levels of depression, generalized anxiety, social anxiety, academic distress, and overall psychological distress; 45 (82%) showed clinically significant symptoms on at least one CCAPS-34 subscale. The ORS data further showed that the students entered counseling experiencing high levels of psychological distress. A positive relationship was found between number of counseling appointments and increased overall functioning. These results suggest that an embedded counseling office can help dental schools meet the needs of their students.

  8. A Learning Theory Approach to Group Counseling with Elementary School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinds, William C.; Roehlke, Helen J.

    1970-01-01

    Counseling involved the systematic use of positive reinforcement to shape each child's behavior toward adaptive responses and negative reinforcement to extinguish interfering responses. Results indicated significant changes in adaptive and interfering behaviors occurred within the counseling situation. Adaptive behaviors increased and interfering…

  9. "Stop and Go": In Search of New Ecology and Dynamics in Group Counselling for Employees in Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keskinen, Anita; Spangar, Timo

    2013-01-01

    "Stop and Go" (SG) is a group counselling concept developed for employees in transition. The SG approach has its main roots in relational psychology. This article explores the ecology and the dynamics of the SG process including the simultaneous presence of societal and social ('meso') factors, as well as the individual…

  10. Form Follows Function: A Model for Clinical Supervision of Genetic Counseling Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wherley, Colleen; Veach, Patricia McCarthy; Martyr, Meredith A; LeRoy, Bonnie S

    2015-10-01

    Supervision plays a vital role in genetic counselor training, yet models describing genetic counseling supervision processes and outcomes are lacking. This paper describes a proposed supervision model intended to provide a framework to promote comprehensive and consistent clinical supervision training for genetic counseling students. Based on the principle "form follows function," the model reflects and reinforces McCarthy Veach et al.'s empirically derived model of genetic counseling practice - the "Reciprocal Engagement Model" (REM). The REM consists of mutually interactive educational, relational, and psychosocial components. The Reciprocal Engagement Model of Supervision (REM-S) has similar components and corresponding tenets, goals, and outcomes. The 5 REM-S tenets are: Learning and applying genetic information are key; Relationship is integral to genetic counseling supervision; Student autonomy must be supported; Students are capable; and Student emotions matter. The REM-S outcomes are: Student understands and applies information to independently provide effective services, develop professionally, and engage in self-reflective practice. The 16 REM-S goals are informed by the REM of genetic counseling practice and supported by prior literature. A review of models in medicine and psychology confirms the REM-S contains supervision elements common in healthcare fields, while remaining unique to genetic counseling. The REM-S shows promise for enhancing genetic counselor supervision training and practice and for promoting research on clinical supervision. The REM-S is presented in detail along with specific examples and training and research suggestions.

  11. A Randomized Depression Prevention Trial Comparing Interpersonal Psychotherapy--Adolescent Skills Training to Group Counseling in Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Jami F; Benas, Jessica S; Schueler, Christie M; Gallop, Robert; Gillham, Jane E; Mufson, Laura

    2016-04-01

    Given the rise in depression disorders in adolescence, it is important to develop and study depression prevention programs for this age group. The current study examined the efficacy of Interpersonal Psychotherapy-Adolescent Skills Training (IPT-AST), a group prevention program for adolescent depression, in comparison to group programs that are typically delivered in school settings. In this indicated prevention trial, 186 adolescents with elevated depression symptoms were randomized to receive IPT-AST delivered by research staff or group counseling (GC) delivered by school counselors. Hierarchical linear modeling examined differences in rates of change in depressive symptoms and overall functioning from baseline to the 6-month follow-up assessment. Cox regression compared rates of depression diagnoses. Adolescents in IPT-AST showed significantly greater improvements in self-reported depressive symptoms and evaluator-rated overall functioning than GC adolescents from baseline to the 6-month follow-up. However, there were no significant differences between the two conditions in onset of depression diagnoses. Although both intervention conditions demonstrated significant improvements in depressive symptoms and overall functioning, results indicate that IPT-AST has modest benefits over groups run by school counselors which were matched on frequency and duration of sessions. In particular, IPT-AST outperformed GC in reduction of depressive symptoms and improvements in overall functioning. These findings point to the clinical utility of this depression prevention program, at least in the short-term. Additional follow-up is needed to determine the long-term effects of IPT-AST, relative to GC, particularly in preventing depression onset.

  12. Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Counseling Psychologist, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Respect for diversity and for values different from one's own is a central value of counseling psychology training programs. The valuing of diversity is also consistent with the profession of psychology as mandated by the American Psychological Association's (APA's) Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct and as discussed in the Guidelines and…

  13. Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Counseling Psychologist, 2009

    2009-01-01

    Respect for diversity and for values different from one's own is a central value of counseling psychology training programs. The valuing of diversity is also consistent with the profession of psychology as mandated by the American Psychological Association's (APA's) Ethical Principles and Code of Conduct and as discussed in the Guidelines and…

  14. Family matters: examining a multi-family group intervention for women with BRCA mutations in the scope of genetic counselling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes, Alvaro; Chiquelho, Raquel; Santos, Teresa Almeida; Sousa, Liliana

    2010-12-01

    The availability of family-centred services for women genetically at-risk for breast and ovarian cancer (BRCA) due to deleterious genetic mutations is still scarce, despite the distress that these women and their families may experience. This study describes a multi-family group intervention for women who tested positive for BRCA mutations and their families. Methods include a time-limited psycho-educational programme involving educational and support components and consisting of four semi-structured multi-family sessions. Three families (a total of nine people) attended the programme in genetic counselling for hereditary cancers at a Portuguese public hospital. A focus group interview was performed 1 month after the last session to assess both the practical and the psychosocial impacts and to collect suggestions from participants. The present paper focuses on the practical aspects of the intervention, its development and its evaluation. Participants reported that the programme is well-structured and that responds to the needs of patients and their families by improving coping skills and medical awareness in the adaptation to genetic illness. Results reinforce the need to integrate psychosocial and family-oriented interventions in genetic counselling, addressing the holistic experience of hereditary disease. Recommendations for enhancing the services available are provided. The multi-family discussion group, combining educative and supportive services with a family focus, can be successfully adapted in genetic counselling protocols.

  15. Adolescent asthmatics' needs and preferences regarding medication counseling: Results from online focus groups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koster, Ellen S.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/308480643; Philbert, Daphne; Van Dijk, Liset L.; De Vries, Tjalling W.; Bouvy, Marcel L.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/153182210

    2014-01-01

    Background: In adolescents, non-adherence is a major problem and leads to uncontrolled disease. Objectives: To assess adolescents needs and preferences regarding counseling and support with focus on use of new media. Methods: Asthmatic adolescents needs and preferences were examined by means of

  16. Adolescent asthmatics' needs and preferences regarding medication counseling: results from online focus groups.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koster, E.S.; Philbert, D.; Dijk, L. van; Vries, T.W. de; Bouvy, M.L.

    2014-01-01

    Background: In adolescents, non-adherence is a major problem and leads to uncontrolled disease. Objectives: To assess adolescents needs and preferences regarding counseling and support with focus on use of new media. Methods: Asthmatic adolescents needs and preferences were examined by means of mode

  17. Adolescent asthmatics' needs and preferences regarding medication counseling: Results from online focus groups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koster, Ellen S.; Philbert, Daphne; Van Dijk, Liset L.; De Vries, Tjalling W.; Bouvy, Marcel L.

    2014-01-01

    Background: In adolescents, non-adherence is a major problem and leads to uncontrolled disease. Objectives: To assess adolescents needs and preferences regarding counseling and support with focus on use of new media. Methods: Asthmatic adolescents needs and preferences were examined by means of mode

  18. The Effects of a Self-Esteem Counseling Group on Male Prisoners' Self-Concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vicary, Judith R.; Good, Roland

    1983-01-01

    Studied the effectiveness of a self-esteem counseling workshop for fifteen male inmates. The program emphasized family related self-concept, using experiential and discussion strategies. Results indicated a significant increase in the participants' family-based self-esteem scores from pre- to posttest, while no change occurred in peer or…

  19. Predictors of the Change in Self-Stigma Following a Single Session of Group Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Nathaniel G.; Post, Brian C.; Cornish, Marilyn A.; Vogel, David L.; Tucker, Jeritt R.

    2011-01-01

    One of the major obstacles to seeking psychological help is the stigma associated with counseling and therapy. Self-stigma, the fear of losing self-respect or self-esteem as a result of seeking help, is an important factor in the help-seeking process. In the present study, college students meeting a clinical cutoff for psychological symptoms…

  20. Adolescent asthmatics' needs and preferences regarding medication counseling: results from online focus groups.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koster, E.S.; Philbert, D.; Dijk, L. van; Vries, T.W. de; Bouvy, M.L.

    2014-01-01

    Background: In adolescents, non-adherence is a major problem and leads to uncontrolled disease. Objectives: To assess adolescents needs and preferences regarding counseling and support with focus on use of new media. Methods: Asthmatic adolescents needs and preferences were examined by means of

  1. Modelling group dynamic animal movement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langrock, Roland; Hopcraft, J. Grant C.; Blackwell, Paul G.

    2014-01-01

    Group dynamic movement is a fundamental aspect of many species' movements. The need to adequately model individuals' interactions with other group members has been recognised, particularly in order to differentiate the role of social forces in individual movement from environmental factors. However......, to date, practical statistical methods which can include group dynamics in animal movement models have been lacking. We consider a flexible modelling framework that distinguishes a group-level model, describing the movement of the group's centre, and an individual-level model, such that each individual...... makes its movement decisions relative to the group centroid. The basic idea is framed within the flexible class of hidden Markov models, extending previous work on modelling animal movement by means of multi-state random walks. While in simulation experiments parameter estimators exhibit some bias...

  2. Postmodernism, Therapeutic Common Factors, and Innovation: Contemporary Influences Shaping a More Efficient and Effective Model of School Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, James F.; Gee, Corrie R.

    2006-01-01

    School counseling lacks clarity. This confusion is the result of competing models and confusing standards, domains, and competencies. This article offers a simplified model of school counseling entitled the "Six 'C' Model" (i.e., Care, Collaboration, Champion, Challenge, Courage, and Commitment). The interactive model is informed by the following…

  3. Effects of exercise and group counselling on body composition and VO(2max) in overweight women with polycystic ovary syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roessler, Kirsten Kaya; Birkebaek, Camilla; Ravn, Pernille

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is often associated with an increased waist circumference and with lower cardio-respiratory fitness as a consequence of obesity, which may be improved by physical activity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of high-intensity aerobic training combined...... with group counselling sessions on anthropometry and cardio-respiratory fitness in women with PCOS. DESIGN: Seventeen sedentary, overweight women with PCOS were randomized in a cross-over design to 16 weeks of intervention: Eight weeks high intensity aerobic exercise was followed by eight weeks group...

  4. Investigating effectiveness of group counseling with reality therapy approach on self-esteem of addicted boys having at most 20 years old

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hoseini Shadi; Toozandehjani Hassan

    2016-01-01

    This study is a quasi-experimental research that aimed to investigate the effectiveness of group counseling with reality therapy approach on increasing self-esteem of addicted boys having at most 20 years old...

  5. The Effectiveness of Group Training of Rational- Emotive Behavior Therapy on Communicative Beliefs of the Couples Referred to Counseling Centers in Isfahan

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Shakib Johari; Hadis Haji Zadeh; ParisaAmini

    2016-01-01

    .... The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of Rational- Emotive Behavior Therapy,through group training, on communication beliefs of the couples who referred to counseling centers in Isfahan. Methods...

  6. Counseling Family Members of Addicts/Alcoholics: The Stages of Change Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Wormer, Katherine

    2008-01-01

    This article adapts the stages of change model, a model in which specific interventions of harm reduction are directed toward the client's readiness for treatment, as a guiding framework for counseling family members of alcoholics/addicts. Interventions at each stage of the family's readiness for change, from precontemplation to action, are…

  7. Modeling Interactions in Small Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heise, David R.

    2013-01-01

    A new theory of interaction within small groups posits that group members initiate actions when tension mounts between the affective meanings of their situational identities and impressions produced by recent events. Actors choose partners and behaviors so as to reduce the tensions. A computer model based on this theory, incorporating reciprocal…

  8. Counselling Techniques for Outdoor Leaders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chase, Michelle; Chase, Robert

    1992-01-01

    Outdoor leaders need counseling skills to deal with interpersonal conflicts that arise within a group and to facilitate participant growth and change. Person-centered counseling, reality therapy counseling, and behavioral counseling are discussed, as well as how various techniques from each can be used to the benefit of the leader and the group.…

  9. The NEO Personality Inventory: Using the Five-Factor Model in Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCrae, Robert R.; Costa, Paul T., Jr.

    1991-01-01

    Reviews NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI), which is based on Five-Factor Model taxonomy of personality traits. Summarizes characteristics of test, features for administration and scoring, and studies of reliability, stability, and validity. Claims NEO-PI may be particularly appropriate for use in counseling because it is brief,…

  10. The Need for a Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintz, Laurie B.; Jackson, Aaron P.; Neville, Helen A.; Illfelder-Kaye, Joyce; Winterowd, Carrie L.; Loewy, Michael I.

    2009-01-01

    The authors articulate the need for a "Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity" (henceforth "Values Statement"). They discuss the historic unwillingness of the field to address values in a sophisticated or complex way and highlight the increasingly common training scenario in which trainees state that certain…

  11. Application of the Social Marketing Model to Unemployment Counseling: A Theoretical Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englert, Paul; Sommerville, Susannah; Guenole, Nigel

    2009-01-01

    A. R. Andreasen's (1995) social marketing model (SMM) is applied to structure feedback counseling for individuals who are unemployed. The authors discuss techniques used in commercial marketing and how they are equally applicable to solving societal problems; SMM and its application to social interventions; and structured feedback that moves a…

  12. Unconscious Determinants of Career Choice and Burnout: Theoretical Model and Counseling Strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malach-Pines, Ayala; Yafe-Yanai, Oreniya

    2001-01-01

    Proposes a psychodynamic-existential perspective as a theoretical model that explains career burnout and serves as a basis for a counseling strategy. According to existential theory, the root of career burnout lies in people's need to find existential significance in their life and their sense that their work does not provide it. (Contains 40…

  13. Application of the Social Marketing Model to Unemployment Counseling: A Theoretical Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englert, Paul; Sommerville, Susannah; Guenole, Nigel

    2009-01-01

    A. R. Andreasen's (1995) social marketing model (SMM) is applied to structure feedback counseling for individuals who are unemployed. The authors discuss techniques used in commercial marketing and how they are equally applicable to solving societal problems; SMM and its application to social interventions; and structured feedback that moves a…

  14. Model of Effects of Adult Attachment on Emotional Empathy of Counseling Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trusty, Jerry; Ng, Kok-Mun; Watts, Richard E.

    2005-01-01

    The effects of adult attachment on emotional empathy were investigated using a sample of master's-degree level counseling students. Through structural equation modeling, the authors found that the latent attachment dimensions of avoidance and anxiety work in tandem in their effects on empathy. Lower avoidance and higher anxiety were associated…

  15. Towards a Model of Career Guidance and Counseling for University Students in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hao, Dengfeng; Sun, Vincy J.; Yuen, Mantak

    2015-01-01

    This paper examines the evolution of career guidance and counseling in Chinese universities. In particular it highlights how national and cultural influences in China have interacted with longer-term influences and practices from the West, producing a unique "Five Aspects in One" model of delivery. Current career guidance and counseling…

  16. An Alternative Counseling Model for Alcohol Abuse in College: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, B. Grant; Curry, Jennifer; Freeman, Mark S.; Kuch, Tyson H.

    2010-01-01

    Abstinence education remains a prevailing approach for addressing college student alcohol abuse. This case study illustrates an alternative method of intervening that combines motivational interviewing, harm reduction, and a brief solution-focused model. The counseling approach illustrated emphasizes reduction in, rather than abstinence from,…

  17. Development of a Logic Model to Guide Evaluations of the ASCA National Model for School Counseling Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Ian; Carey, John

    2014-01-01

    A logic model was developed based on an analysis of the 2012 American School Counselor Association (ASCA) National Model in order to provide direction for program evaluation initiatives. The logic model identified three outcomes (increased student achievement/gap reduction, increased school counseling program resources, and systemic change and…

  18. The effects of functional group counseling on inspiring low-achieving students' self-worth and self-efficacy in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Zuway-R; Lin, Huann-shyang; Wang, Hsin-Hui; Chen, Hsiang-Ting; Yu, Tien-chi

    2012-01-01

    In this study, we investigated the effects of functional group counseling on inspiring low achievers' self-worth and self-efficacy in Taiwan. Forty-three 10th grade low-achieving students volunteered as the Experimental Group to join a 24-week intervention, which integrated and utilized functional group counseling; another 51 10th grade low-achieving students volunteered to be Comparison Group I. In addition, 43 10th grade moderate or high academic achieving students volunteered to be Comparison Group II. All participants completed the Vocational School Student Questionnaire at the beginning and end of this study to measure their self-worth and self-efficacy. In addition, six target students (two boys and four girls) with the lowest total scores on self-worth or self-efficacy in the pretest were selected from the Experimental Group to be interviewed at the end of the intervention and observed weekly. Analyses of variance, analyses of covariance, and paired t-tests assessed the similarity and differences among groups. The initial findings were as follows: Experimental group students had significantly higher scores on self-efficacy and self-worth than both Comparison Group I and Group II students and functional group counseling was shown to significantly affect the low-achieving students. Qualitative results from interviews and observations were used for triangulation and consolidation of quantitative results. Implications of the study included the recommended use of functional group counseling with low-achieving students.

  19. MODELLING OF ONLINE GROUP DISCOUNTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karlo Kotarac

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Web pages for group discounts have become very popular in the past few years. In this paper we concentrate on the group discounts for the service industry in which a quality of the service plays an important role in retaining customers which in return affects business profitability. We present a model of the group discount offer from a merchant’s point view. A merchant decides about the size of the discount offered, having in mind quality of the service offered which is affected by the number of customers who use the service. Finally, we derive the first order optimality conditions.

  20. A Model for Teaching Experiential Counseling Interventions to Novice Counselors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cummings, Anne L.

    1992-01-01

    Describes model for teaching experiential interventions to novice counselors. Includes two experiential interventions that are focus for new model: two-chair approach based on Gestalt therapy principles and resolution of problematic reaction points. Cognitive, affective, and behavioral concepts of model are related to transfer of learning with the…

  1. Advanced Applications of Structural Equation Modeling in Counseling Psychology Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martens, Matthew P.; Haase, Richard F.

    2006-01-01

    Structural equation modeling (SEM) is a data-analytic technique that allows researchers to test complex theoretical models. Most published applications of SEM involve analyses of cross-sectional recursive (i.e., unidirectional) models, but it is possible for researchers to test more complex designs that involve variables observed at multiple…

  2. Building a Creative-Arts Therapy Group at a University Counseling Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boldt, Randal W.; Paul, Sherin

    2011-01-01

    Creative-arts therapy groups offer university students powerful ways to address intrapersonal and interpersonal concerns. These groups combine the strengths of a traditional process group with the benefits of participation in the expressive arts. The creative process draws students in, invites insight and introspection, and facilitates outward…

  3. Building a Creative-Arts Therapy Group at a University Counseling Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boldt, Randal W.; Paul, Sherin

    2011-01-01

    Creative-arts therapy groups offer university students powerful ways to address intrapersonal and interpersonal concerns. These groups combine the strengths of a traditional process group with the benefits of participation in the expressive arts. The creative process draws students in, invites insight and introspection, and facilitates outward…

  4. Assessment of Health Belief Model (HBM impact on knowledge, beliefs, and self-efficacy of women in need of genetic counseling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitra Moodi

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Regarding the ever-increasing of genetic diseases, counseling for the prevention of these diseases has got overwhelming necessity. Thus, promoting individuals’ awareness of. genetic counseling is required. The current study aimed at determining  the effect of an educational program based on Health Belief Model on knowledge, beliefs, and self-efficacy of urbanized women in need of genetic counseling. Materials and Methods: In this randomized field trial study, 80 married women in need of genetic counseling were divided into two equal case and control groups. Data collection means were a researcher-designed questionnaire consisting of demographic data and health belief model queries, which were completed by interview. Educational intervention was done during three 90 minute sessions with one week interval between each one. Finally, the obtained data was fed into SPSS (version 16 applying the statistical tests of Chi-square, repeated ANOVA, independent t-test, Mann-Whitney and Friedman for analysis; and P0.05, but the difference became significant immediately and three months after intervention (P<0.001. There was a significant difference between the knowledge, threat, perceived benefits, barriers and self-efficacy in the two groups three week intervals before and  immediately after intervention, before and after the three months, immediately and after three months in the experimental group (P<0.001, but the difference was not significant in the control group. Conclusion: The results showed that educational interventions based on HBM increases women's knowledge, beliefs, and self-efficacy regarding the role of genetic counseling in the prevention of congenital malformations.

  5. Personal Construct Psychology Model of School Counselling Delivery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Truneckova, Deborah; Viney, Linda L.

    2012-01-01

    With increasing focus on the mental health of young people by schools, greater attention is directed to the responsiveness and effectiveness of models of psychological practice in schools. A model will be presented with a coherent theoretical structure within which the school counsellor can understand the diverse psychological symptoms and…

  6. An educational model for improving diet counselling in primary care. A case study of the creative use of doctors' own diet, their attitudes to it and to nutritional counselling of their patients with diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olivarius, Niels de Fine; Palmvig, Birthe; Andreasen, Anne Helms;

    2005-01-01

    Nutritional counseling; Nutritional education; Nutritional assessment; Primary care; Continuing medical education; Doctors' diet; Doctors attitudes; Doctors' knowledge; Body mass index; Educational model; Food frequency questionaire......Nutritional counseling; Nutritional education; Nutritional assessment; Primary care; Continuing medical education; Doctors' diet; Doctors attitudes; Doctors' knowledge; Body mass index; Educational model; Food frequency questionaire...

  7. 通过团体心理咨询提高初中生自我概念水平的研究%Group Counseling for Enhancing Junior Middle School Students' Self-concept

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春燕; 詹仁碧; 乔梁

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To study the effect of group counseling for improving self-concept pf junior middle school students. Methods: Group counseling was conducted on 10 selected junior middle school students. All members were assessed by PHCSS, SES and SCCS before and after intervention. Results: Group counseling was found to increase the students' total scores on PHCSS, SES and SCCS, showing significant improvement on their self-esteem, self-consistency and congruence. Conclusion: Group counseling can improve self-concept of junior middle school students.

  8. Designs and Discriminations for Clinical Group Supervision in Counselling Psychology: An Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grigg, Glen

    2006-01-01

    Evidence suggests that group clinical supervision of counsellors and trainees is an effective mode of service delivery. However, clinical supervision is often understood to be concerned with teaching a generic set of skills. Without specifically labeling them as such, clinical supervision groups are implicitly identified as psycho-educational…

  9. 我院团体心理辅导效果分析%Analysis on Effects of Group Mental Health Counseling in College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈春晓

    2015-01-01

    团体心理辅导是一种效率高、感染力强的心理辅导形式,深受高校学生欢迎。本文对我院团体心理辅导的三年实践效果,采用问卷形式进行了评估。%Group mental health counseling is a counseling type with great efficiency and strong infection ,which is popular with college students .This essay makes assessment on the effects of the 3‐year group mental health counseling practice in Wuhan Institute of Shipbuild‐ing Technology based on the questionnaire form .

  10. The Method and Effect of Group Counseling Training%团体辅导培训的方法及效果检验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾烜

    2015-01-01

    团体辅导是一种专业的助人技术,随着社会发展,应用在越来越多的领域,这就需要培养相应具有团体带领能力的专业人员。本研究以一项团体领导者培训项目为例,呈现了从团体辅导基础知识、团体辅导理论、团体实际操作等方面综合对团体领导者进行培训的方法。研究对参加团体辅导培训的成员进行了问卷调查,对主观反馈以及问卷测量结果进行量化分析,表明团体辅导培训具有显著效果。同时,从美国等国家和地区对团体领导者的认证标准讨论了我国团体领导者培训进一步发展的方向。%With social development, group counseling is used in more and more areas, which needs professional group leaders who are well trained. This study takes a group leader training program as an example, and presents a comprehensive training method that combining basic knowledge of group counseling, group counseling theory, group counseling practice and so on. Research on members who participate in the training shows that group counseling training has a significant effect. Meanwhile, this research discusses further development of group leader training in our country in comparison with American certification standard of group leaders.

  11. COUNSELING PRACTICES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    WATERLOO, GLENN E.

    THE NEED FOR COUNSELING IS EMPHASIZED BY THE FACT THAT 875,000 CHILDREN IN THE UNITED STATES HAVE MENTAL AND PHYSICAL IMPEDIMENTS TO LEARNING. TYPICAL COUNSELING PRACTICES ARE PROBLEM-CENTERED COUNSELING, EXCLUSIVELY "VOCATIONAL" OR "EDUCATIONAL" COUNSELING WITH LITTLE CONCERN FOR THE WHOLE INDIVIDUAL, EXTREME DIRECTIVE OR NONDIRECTIVE COUNSELING,…

  12. Combining Career and Couples Counseling for College Students: A Narrative Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibbons, Melinda M.; Shurts, W. Matthew

    2010-01-01

    Career and personal counseling have been dichotomized as distinct practices in much of the counseling literature. However, many college students seek counseling for career development and romantic relationship issues occurring concomitantly. A model for addressing career and relationship issues with heterosexual college couples in a group format…

  13. Cognitive-behavior intervention group counseling manual for reducing adolescents’ career indecision

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Datu, Jesus Alfonso

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The current manual is purported to provide an empirical guide in facilitating a group intervention that will address career indecision among adolescents. It utilized Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy as the major framework of the treatment protocol. Prior to the group facilitation, prospective members will be screened through an interview and Career Decision Profile. It consists of six sessions (one and a half hour every session which will be executed on a weekly basis. With the intention of modifying negative beliefs that the members hold about themselves in relation to career decision-making, specific activities and processing procedures were charted each session that ranged from individual cognitive exercises to dyadic behavioral role-plays. Each session will be monitored by the group counselor via group case notes to properly document therapeutic encounters which is essential in achieving the intended outcomes. At the end of the group intervention, members will be assessed through group feedback and administering of Career Decision Profile to look at the positive changes on their levels of capabilities to make career decisions.

  14. Permitted Suicide: Model Roles for Mental Health Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Elliot D.

    2001-01-01

    In mental health practice, no explicit provisions have been made for existing law and codes of ethics to protect freedom and confidences of clients who rationally desire to end their lives. Makes a case for permitting suicide by providing an analysis of permitted suicide, the legal background for applying this concept, and ten model rules for…

  15. GROUP GUIDANCE SERVICES MANAGEMENT OF BEHAVIORAL TECHNIC HOMEWORK MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juhri A M.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This simple paper describes the implementation of management guidance service groups using the model home visits behavioral techniques (behavior technic homework. The ideas outlined in this paper are intended to add insight for counselors in the management of the implementation of counseling services group that carried out effectively. This simple paper is expected to be used as reference studies in theoretical matters relating to the management guidance services group, for counselors to students both need guidance services and those who passively as they face various problems difficulties martial jar and obstacles in the achievement of learning , In general, this study aims to provide insight in particular in the development of social skills for students, especially the ability to communicate with the participants of the service (students more While specifically to encourage the development of feelings, thoughts, perceptions, insights and attitudes that support embodiments behavior Iebih creative and effective in improving communication skills both verbal and non-verbal for students. Keyword: counselor, counseling, group, student

  16. Health-related quality of life and self-related health in patients with type 2 diabetes: Effects of group-based rehabilitation versus individual counselling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vadstrup Eva S

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Type 2 diabetes can seriously affect patients' health-related quality of life and their self-rated health. Most often, evaluation of diabetes interventions assess effects on glycemic control with little consideration of quality of life. The aim of the current study was to study the effectiveness of group-based rehabilitation versus individual counselling on health-related quality of life (HRQOL and self-rated health in type 2 diabetes patients. Methods We randomised 143 type 2 diabetes patients to either a six-month multidisciplinary group-based rehabilitation programme including patient education, supervised exercise and a cooking-course or a six-month individual counselling programme. HRQOL was measured by Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36-item Health Survey (SF-36 and self-rated health was measured by Diabetes Symptom Checklist - Revised (DCS-R. Results In both groups, the lowest estimated mean scores of the SF36 questionnaire at baseline were "vitality" and "general health". There were no significant differences in the change of any item between the two groups after the six-month intervention period. However, vitality-score increased 5.2 points (p = 0.12 within the rehabilitation group and 5.6 points (p = 0.03 points among individual counselling participants. In both groups, the highest estimated mean scores of the DSC-R questionnaire at baseline were "Fatigue" and "Hyperglycaemia". Hyperglycaemic and hypoglycaemic distress decreased significantly after individual counselling than after group-based rehabilitation (difference -0.3 points, p = 0.04. No between-group differences occurred for any other items. However, fatigue distress decreased 0.40 points within the rehabilitation group (p = 0.01 and 0.34 points within the individual counselling group (p p = 0.01. Conclusions A group-based rehabilitation programme did not improve health-related quality of life and self-rated health more than an individual counselling

  17. 团体辅导在高校学生工作中的运用%Application of Group Counseling in Handling Student Af-fairs in Higher Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭翀

    2013-01-01

      团体辅导不仅是一门以心理学为基础的理论,也是一种助人技术。本文以武汉商业服务学院的一次团体辅导为例,探讨将这一技术运用在大学生工作中的可行性及优越性。%Group counseling is not only a kind of specific psycho-logical theory but also a type of technology. This paper takes one certain group counseling held in Wuhan Commercial Service College for example to analyses the feasibility and superiority of its entrance to student affairs as a new model in the new times.

  18. The Impact of Biblio Group Counseling Supported with the Story of "The Little Prince" upon Mindfulness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilbay, Azmi Bayram

    2016-01-01

    Using books for healing psychological health is becoming popular day by day. In this process bibliotherapy brings forward suggestions of psychological insight, relieving by identification, relieving from suppressed feelings by discharging and reflecting emotions. The aim of this research is to analyse the effect of biblio group counseling…

  19. Making the Connection: Interweaving Multicultural Creative Arts through the Power of Group Counseling Interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Bogusia; Monteiro-Leitner, Julieta; Garrett, Michael T.; Gladding, Samuel T.

    2005-01-01

    Creativity and the creative arts are important to the portrayal of human experiences through a myriad of forms, including visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and written expression. While these forms of creative expression vary within and across cultural groups, a unifying element embedded in creative works seems to prevail through a continuous search…

  20. Making the Connection: Interweaving Multicultural Creative Arts through the Power of Group Counseling Interventions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molina, Bogusia; Monteiro-Leitner, Julieta; Garrett, Michael T.; Gladding, Samuel T.

    2005-01-01

    Creativity and the creative arts are important to the portrayal of human experiences through a myriad of forms, including visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and written expression. While these forms of creative expression vary within and across cultural groups, a unifying element embedded in creative works seems to prevail through a continuous search…

  1. Enhancement of Former Drug Abusers' Career Development through Structured Group Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powers, Robert J.

    1978-01-01

    Efforts were made to facilitate career development of former drug abusers. Treatment consisted of a modified form of Daane's vocational exploration group (VEG). Subjects had significantly greater maturity of career attitudes and competencies than controls and greater clarity of career plans. Results indicate the VEG enhanced career-development…

  2. Personal Growth and Awareness of Counseling Trainees in an Experiential Group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luke, Melissa; Kiweewa, John M.

    2010-01-01

    This article reports research that utilized a grounded theory methodology to explore the experiences of 14 master's level counselor trainees who participated in an experiential group as part of their counselor education course work. Data were collected through weekly reflection journals. Trainees identified 30 systemically interconnected aspects…

  3. Coping with the Murder of a Loved One: Counseling Survivors of Murder Victims in Groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Alexis O.; Molina, Bogusia; MacVane, Sandi L.

    2003-01-01

    The survival of the murder of a loved one is a psychologically taxing process. Survivors of murder victims experience stressors that originate from the exigencies of the interpersonal, situational, and the criminal justice system domains. Group facilitators must be aware of the experiences and the mental health dynamics common to survivors, the…

  4. Cross-Cultural Group Counseling and the Use of the Sentence Completion Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Sandoval Aureliano

    1984-01-01

    Describes the use of the sentence completion method in multi-ethnic groups using a set of eight cross-cultural sentence items. Participants' feedback suggested that the method has been instrumental in the exploration and conceptual understanding of cultural, ethnical and lingual aspects. (JAC)

  5. Effect of Group Counseling on Improving Impoverished Undergraduates' Self-esteem%团体辅导对贫困大学生自尊的干预效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘莉; 周珂

    2011-01-01

    To study the effect of group counseling on improving the impoverished undergraduates' selfesteem,a group counseling scheme is designed and carried out for eighteen impoverished undergraduates once a week for eight weeks. The quantitative scale is used to assess the effect of group counseling. The results show that the group counseling can improve the impoverished undergraduates' selfesteem significantly, promote their social support comprehension, coping style and positive emotion, and exert a potential long-term effect on improving the impoverished undergraduates' self-esteem.%为探讨团体辅导对贫困生自尊的干预效果,运用自主设计的团体辅导方案,对18名贫困生进行为期八周、每周一次的团体心理辅导,并通过量化分析,评估干预效果。结果显示,团体辅导能显著提升贫困生自尊水平,并在提高社会支持领悟水平、改善应对方式、增加积极情绪体验等方面具有显著作用,对持续改善贫困生自尊具有潜在的长期效应。

  6. Multicultural counseling self-efficacy scale-racial diversity form: factor structure and test of a social cognitive model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheu, Hung-Bin; Rigali-Oiler, Marybeth; Lent, Robert W

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to gather evidence on the factor structure and concurrent criterion validity of the multicultural counseling self-efficacy scale-racial diversity form (MCSE-RD; Sheu & Lent, 2007). The MCSE-RD was designed to assess therapists' perceived capabilities in performing culturally relevant in-session behaviors in cross-racial counseling. Participants were 209 students in counseling-related graduate programs in the USA. Confirmatory factor analyses identified a bifactor structure in which responses to MCSE-RD items could be explained by one generic and three multicultural-specific counseling self-efficacy factors. Support was also found for a social cognitive model in which self-efficacy and interests in multicultural counseling mediated the effects of prior cross-racial client contacts and perceptions of multicultural training environments on intent to perform multicultural counseling in the future. Additionally, outcome expectations were predictive of multicultural counseling interests and choice goals. Implications for multicultural training and directions for future research are highlighted.

  7. Supervision of Group Work: A Model to Increase Supervisee Cognitive Complexity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granello, Darcy Haag; Underfer-Babalis, Jean

    2004-01-01

    This article describes a model for supervisors of group counselors to use to promote cognitive complexity in their supervisees. Counselor cognitive complexity has been linked to many positive counseling skills, including greater flexibility, empathy, confidence, and client conceptualization. Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives provides a…

  8. Effects of a genetic counseling model on mothers of children with down syndrome: a Brazilian pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Micheletto, Marcos Ricardo Datti; Valerio, Nelson Iguimar; Fett-Conte, Agnes Cristina

    2013-12-01

    Down syndrome occurs in approximately 1:600 live births. Genetic counseling is indicated for these families and may be beneficial for adaptation to the challenges that accompany by this diagnosis. Although the basic counseling goals are similar, there are many models of genetic counseling practiced around the world. The aim of this article is to report the results of a pilot study that evaluated the level of satisfaction with a model of service delivery of genetic counseling practiced in Brazil, the knowledge assimilated about Down syndrome and whether this process resulted in a feeling of well-being and psychological support. Thirty mothers of under 6-month-old children with Down syndrome were interviewed after having two sessions of genetic counseling in a public healthcare service within a period of 30 days. A semi-structured questionnaire was developed by the researchers to collect identification, socioeconomic and demographic data and to assess the client's satisfaction with the model of genetic counseling. Data were collected using both open and closed questions. The reported level of satisfaction was high. The knowledge assimilated about Down syndrome after only two sessions was considered technically vague by raters in 44 % of cases. Most mothers (96.7 %) reported that genetic counseling was beneficial and provided psychological support. The model was considered satisfactory, but further research is needed to identify ways to improve knowledge retention by this population. These results highlight the utility of referring families for genetic counseling when there is a suspicion of a diagnosis of Down syndrome.

  9. Positive Group Counseling Intervention on College Students' Depression%积极团体辅导对大学生抑郁的干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽萍; 徐伟; 张婷婷

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨积极团体辅导对大学生抑郁的效果;方法:通过量表筛选自愿参加的大学生36名,组成实验组和控制组,对实验组实施积极团体辅导,控制组不做干预,用scl90和SDS量表进行前测、后测研究;结果:通过积极团体辅导干预后,实验组的成员在强迫因子、抑郁因子和焦虑因子方面都有了显著的改善,SDS显示,抑郁水平显著性下降。结论:积极团体辅导能够对大学生抑郁起到很好的干预作用。%Objective:To explore the effect of positive group counseling on college students' depression;Methods:36 vol-untary college students,divided into experimental group and control group, the experimental group implement positive group counseling, control group do not intervene, using scl90 and SDS scale test before and after intervention to collect data;Re-sults:Through positive group counseling, the members of the group in forcing factor, factor of depression and anxiety factor has a significant improvement, SDS shows the level of depression significantly decreased. Conclusion:Positive group coun-seling have good effect on college students' depression.

  10. On Application of Group Psychological Counselling in Class Construction%浅谈团体心理辅导在班级建设中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任红漫

    2012-01-01

    Group psychological counselling is to carry out psychological training through group activities.In classes which are special groups,group counseling can be applied in class construction,which can be of great significance in strengthening class unity,forming good class atmosphere and promoting healthy psychological growth of students.%团体心理辅导是在一定情景下,通过开展团体活动而进行的心理训练形式。班级作为一个特殊的团体,可以应用团体心理辅导开展班级建设,这对增强班级凝聚力,形成良好的班风以及学生个体的心理健康成长等都有着重要的意义。

  11. The Effect of Group Counseling Using Ellis's A-B-C Technique on Irrational Beliefs and Self-Efficacy About Breast Self-Awareness of Women Health Volunteers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rouzbeh, Mahnaz; Namadian, Masoumeh; Shakibazadeh, Elham; Hasani, Jafar; Rouzbeh, Robabeh

    2017-08-01

    This preliminary pilot effort assessed the effect of group counseling using A-B-C technique on irrational beliefs and self-efficacy for women health volunteers (WHVs) in breast self-awareness. In this randomized controlled trial, 40 WHVs from three health centers (Abhar, Iran) were randomly allocated into two groups. Seven weekly group counseling sessions were held for the intervention group. Data about cancer fatalism belief, dissatisfaction of body, anxiety, and self-efficacy were collected through validated questionnaires 1 month before and 2 weeks after the intervention. Mean scores of anxiety ( p = .036), body dissatisfaction ( p = .002), cancer fatalism belief ( p ≤ .0001), and self-efficacy ( p ≤ .0001) were improved in the intervention group compared with control group. Group counseling using A-B-C technique was effective in improving irrational beliefs and self-efficacy of the WHVs about breast self-awareness. The findings may help in further development of strategies and cultural programs to improve health-related irrational beliefs.

  12. Recommendations from multi-disciplinary focus groups on cascade testing and genetic counseling for fragile X-associated disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConkie-Rosell, Allyn; Abrams, Liane; Finucane, Brenda; Cronister, Amy; Gane, Louise W; Coffey, Sarah M; Sherman, Stephanie; Nelson, Lawrence M; Berry-Kravis, Elizabeth; Hessl, David; Chiu, Sufen; Street, Natalie; Vatave, Ajay; Hagerman, Randi J

    2007-10-01

    The purpose of this paper is to report the outcome of a collaborative project between the Fragile X Research and Treatment Center at the Medical Investigation of Neurodevelopmental Disorders (M.I.N.D.) Institute at the University of California at Davis, the National Fragile X Foundation (NFXF), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The objective of this collaboration was to develop and disseminate protocols for genetic counseling and cascade testing for the multiple disorders associated with the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) mutation. Over the last several years, there has been increasing insight into the phenotypic range associated with both the premutation and the full mutation of the FMR1 gene. To help develop recommendations related to screening for fragile X-associated disorders, four, two day advisory focus group meetings were conducted, each with a different theme. The four themes were: (1) fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS); (2) premature ovarian failure (POF) and reproductive endocrinology; (3) psychiatric, behavioral and psychological issues; and (4) population screening and related ethical issues.

  13. 团体辅导对大学生自尊的影响%The Influence of Group Counseling on the Self-esteem of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵翠荣; 魏谨; 龙松

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore the influence of group counseling on the self-esteem of college students, check the intervention ef-fect of group counseling on the level of college students' esteem, and explore the scheme of group counseling to improve the level of college students' self-esteem. Method:Based on the theory of group counseling, 8 times of heterogeneous group counseling oc-cupying 24 hours in total were carried out on 32 college students recruited and interviewed."Self-esteem Scale (SES)"was used as the tool to evaluate the effect before and after the intervention. Result:The average values measured by the scale before and af-ter the intervention are 27.45 ±4.36 and 29.79 ±3.77 respec-tively, (=2.05), and the difference is significant. Conclusion:Group counseling can promote the exchange among group mem-bers through the group atmosphere, improve self-awareness through interpersonal communication, and reflect individual val-ues through mutual help and teamwork, thus helping college stu-dents to improve their level of self-esteem.%目的:探讨团体辅导对大学生自尊的影响过程,检验团体辅导对大学生自尊水平的干预效果,探索提高大学生自尊水平的团体辅导方案.方法:以团体辅导理论为基础,对招募并访谈产生的32名大学生进行成长性、结构化、封闭式的异质团体辅导8次共计24小时.运用《自尊量表(SES)》做干预前后效果评估工具.结果:自尊量表测量前后均值分别是27.45 ±4.36和29.79 ±3.77分(t=2.05),前后差异显著.结论:团体辅导能够通过团体氛围促进成员交流、通过人际沟通完善自我意识、通过人际互助和团队合作体现个人价值,进而帮助大学生提高自尊水平.

  14. The Evolution of a Distance Career Counseling Model: Implications for Training, Practice and Supervision of Cybercounselors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malone, James F.; Miller, Karen S.; Miller, Randy M.

    This document describes a distance career counseling program developed over several years by a multidisciplinary team of career counseling, technology, and business development experts. The program, called ReadyMinds, provides personalized distance career counseling to a range of clients: undergraduate and graduate students as well as alumni…

  15. Counseling with Exceptional Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarver-Behring, Shari; Spagna, Michael E.

    2004-01-01

    Children and adolescents with disabilities are an extremely heterogeneous group of diverse learners, each with unique learning strengths and needs. Often misunderstood and frequently less served by the counseling profession, these children and adolescents need counseling services just as much as, if not more than, other children. Federal…

  16. 团体心理辅导对大一新生人际容纳的影响%Effect of Group Counseling on Interpersonal Acceptance of Freshman

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟红; 程慧君; 范兴华

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨团体心理辅导对大一新生人际容纳的影响。方法从某师范院校新生中随机选择两个班作为实验组和对照组各50人,对实验组进行7次团体心理辅导,采用容纳他人量表和UCLA孤独量表进行前后测,以前后测结果的对照作为干预效果指标。结果团体心理辅导后,实验组的人际容纳水平显著高于对照组(t=2.10,P<0.05);实验组中,低容纳组和中间组的团体辅导效果优于高容纳组;实验组的孤独水平低于对照组(t=-5.83,P<0.001)。结论团体心理辅导能有效促进大一新生的人际容纳。%Objective To investigate the effect of group counseling on interpersonal acceptance of freshman .Methods Freshman were randomly selected from two classes to experimental group and control group ( 50 people of each group ) in a normal university in Changsha .Experimental group received seven group counseling ,the effects was valued by the scale of acceptance of others and the scale of loneliness ( UCLA) .Results After the intervention ,scores of interpersonal acceptance in experimental group were significantly higher than that in control group;in the experimental group ,the effect of group counseling in low acceptance group and intermediate group were better than that in high acceptance group;scores of the loneliness of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of control group.Conclusion Group counseling has great positive effect on interpersonal acceptance of freshman .

  17. Comparative Study of Group Counseling and Outward Bound%团体心理辅导和拓展训练的比较研究*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宇; 高继祥

    2013-01-01

    The article compares the group counseling with the outward bound in 6 aspects containing conception, origin and develop ment, theory background, functions, organization and principles. The conclusions are as followed:There are both differences and generalities between the group counseling and the outward bound . Both of them are group education activities with the game as the carrier. Group counseling emphasizes on professionality and therapeutic. Outward bound emphasizes on outdoor and challenging.%  从团体心理辅导和拓展训练的概念、起源与发展历程、理论背景、功能、组织形式、原则6个方面对二者进行了比较,总结如下:团体心理辅导和拓展训练既有差异,也有共性。团体心理辅导和拓展训练都是以游戏为载体,以激发个体即时体验为契机的团体教育活动。团体心理辅导注重专业性和治疗性。拓展训练注重户外性和挑战性。

  18. Elaboration of the definition of genetic counseling into a model for counselee decision-making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bringle, R G; Antley, R M

    1980-01-01

    Genetic counselors are generally trained in genetics only and often have no basis for determining when a counselee has made an informed decision and the counselor's function is complete. A theory of genetic counseling (GC) is offered which interrelates genetic information, psychological responses, learning theory, and decision making, reflecting a shift from a eugenic orientation to an orientation concerned with the physical and mental well-being of counselees. GC is 1st defined as enabling the counselee to comprehend the medical facts of genetic disorders, heredity, risks, and alternatives, as well as to make a healthy adjustment to a family member's disorder and risk of recurrence. The process of learning is broken down into a hierarchical relationship between acquisition, understanding, and personalization of facts, and applied to the GC situation; e.g. "the options are as follows;" "they can be exercised by couples in certain ways;" and "we have the following choices to make." Personalization of knowledge means integration into one's own value system where it will affect decisions made, a process affected by factors such as stress. Often, the information provided by GC is not the only information the counselee possesses, and it will be integrated with other conceptions. Normative social influences (e.g. a family's attitude towards abortion) affect the behavioral intention. And finally, the behavioral intention is not always equivalent to the actual behavior. These process are all related to the way in which a family deals with the stress caused by a genetic disorder. GC outcomes are easier to measure than those of psychological counseling. Extending the model to clinical application implies 1) assessment; 2) setting objectives; 3) counseling; and 4) evaluation.

  19. Expanding HIV testing and counselling into communities: Feasibility, acceptability, and effects of an integrated family planning/HTC service delivery model by Village Health Teams in Uganda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunie, Aurélie; Wamala-Mucheri, Patricia; Akol, Angela; Mercer, Sarah; Chen, Mario

    2016-10-01

    Improving HIV testing and counselling (HTC) requires a range of strategies. This article reports on HTC service delivery by Village Health Teams (VHTs) in Uganda in the context of a model integrating this new component into pre-existing family planning services. Eight health centres from matched pairs were randomly allocated to intervention or control. After being trained, 36 VHTs reporting to selected facilities in the intervention group started offering HTC along with family planning, while VHTs in the control group provided family planning only. Proficiency testing was conducted as external quality assurance. A survey of all 36 VHTs and 137 family planning clients in the intervention group and 119 clients in the control group and a review of record data were conducted after 10 months. Survey responses by VHTs and their clients in the intervention group demonstrate knowledge of counselling messages and safe testing. External quality assessment results provide additional evidence of competency. Eighty per cent of the family planning clients surveyed in the intervention group received an HIV test during the intervention; 27% of those were first-time testers. More clients had ever tested for HIV in the intervention group compared with the control; clients also retested more often. Findings indicate that this model is feasible and acceptable for expanding quality HTC into communities. This study was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number [NCT02244398].

  20. Health-related quality of life and self-related health in patients with type 2 diabetes: effects of group-based rehabilitation versus individual counselling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vadstrup, Eva S; Frølich, Anne; Perrild, Hans;

    2011-01-01

    Type 2 diabetes can seriously affect patients' health-related quality of life and their self-rated health. Most often, evaluation of diabetes interventions assess effects on glycemic control with little consideration of quality of life. The aim of the current study was to study the effectiveness...... of group-based rehabilitation versus individual counselling on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and self-rated health in type 2 diabetes patients....

  1. The Effect of Group Counseling on Physiological Aspect of Self-care and HbA1C Level of Patients with Diabetes Type II

    OpenAIRE

    Seyedreza Mazlom; Mahbobeh Firooz; Farzane Hasanzade; Seyedali Kimiaee; Aliakbar Raoufsaeb

    2015-01-01

    Background: The most important underlying cause of death in diabetic patients is poor self-care. The effect of education on self-care promotion has been widely investigated; however, the advisory role and impact of the treatment team have been scarcely investigated.  Aim: Determining the effect of group counseling on the psychological aspect of self-care and level of glycosylated hemoglobin in the patients with diabetes type II. Methods: In a randomized clinical trial, 73 patients with type I...

  2. Health-related quality of life and self-related 1 health in patients 2 with type 2 diabetes: Effects of group-based rehabilitation - versus individual counseling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vadstrup, Eva Soelberg; Frølich, Anne; Perrild, Hans Jørgen Duckert

    2012-01-01

    Type 2 diabetes can seriously affect patients' health-related quality of life and their self-rated health. Most often, evaluation of diabetes interventions assess effects on glycemic control with little consideration of quality of life. The aim of the current study was to study the effectiveness ...... of group-based rehabilitation versus individual counselling on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and self-rated health in type 2 diabetes patients....

  3. 团体心理辅导在高校创业教育中的应用%Application of Group Counseling in Entrepreneurship Education in Universities

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冬梅

    2012-01-01

    The cultivation of innovative ability and psychological quality of entrepreneurship should be paid with attention in entrepreneurship education in universities. The cultivation of psychological quality of entrepreneurship was conducted by the authors based on group counseling theory and technology. Group counseling plan and operational process were designed in terms of entrepreneurship awareness, creative ability, entrepreneurship confidence and self efficacy, thus exploring the positive effects of group counseling on entrepreneurship education in universities.%运用团体心理辅导的理论与技术对大学生进行创业心理品质教育,在创业意识、创新能力、创业自信心、创业自我效能感方面设计团体辅导方案及操作流程,旨在探索团体心理辅导对高校创业教育的促进作用。

  4. Couples Counseling Directive Technique: A (Mis)communication Model to Promote Insight, Catharsis, Disclosure, and Problem Resolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahaffey, Barbara A.

    2010-01-01

    A psychoeducational model for improving couple communication is proposed. An important goal in couples counseling is to assist couples in resolving communication conflicts. The proposed communication model helps to establish a therapeutic environment that encourages insight, therapeutic alliance formation, catharsis, self-disclosure, symptom…

  5. Mentoring ethnic minority counseling and clinical psychology students: A multicultural, ecological, and relational model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Anne W; Yeh, Christine J; Krumboltz, John D

    2015-10-01

    The aim of the current study was to understand the role of race and culture in successful mentoring relationships in graduate school. We examined the practices of 9 faculty mentors working with 15 ethnic minority doctoral students in counseling and clinical psychology. Grounded theory was used to discern unifying patterns and to formulate a theory of multicultural mentoring. Five overall themes significant to multicultural mentoring emerged: (a) career support and guidance tailored for ethnic minorities, (b) relationality between mentors and protégés, (c) significance of contexts, (d) interconnections across contexts, and (e) multidirectionality of interactions between contexts. The 5 themes combined to form a multicultural, ecological, and relational model of mentoring. Our findings suggest that mentoring ethnic minority students can be successful, productive, and satisfying for both mentors and protégés when mentors possess the necessary skills, time, commitment, and multicultural competencies. Implications for doctoral programs in counseling and clinical psychology are discussed, along with recommendations for future research directions.

  6. The effect of adding group-based counselling to individual lifestyle counselling on changes in dietary intake. The Inter99 study - a randomized controlled trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Ulla; Kristoffersen, Lis; Ladelund, Steen;

    2008-01-01

    participants were invited for a health examination. High risk individuals were included in this study (n = 2 356) and changes in dietary intake were analyzed using multilevel linear regression analyses. RESULTS: At one-year follow-up group A had significantly increased the unsaturated/saturated fat ratio...... compared to group B and in men a significantly greater decrease in saturated fat intake was found in group A compared to group B (net change: -1.13 E%; P = 0.003). No differences were found between group A and B at three-year follow-up. At five-year follow-up group A had significantly increased...... the unsaturated/saturated fat ratio (net change: 0.09; P = 0.01) and the fish intake compared to group B (net change: 5.4 g/day; P = 0.05). Further, in men a non-significant tendency of a greater decrease was found at five year follow-up in group A compared to group B (net change: -0.68 E%; P = 0.10). The intake...

  7. A group approach to genetic counselling of cardiomyopathy patients : satisfaction and psychological outcomes sufficient for further implementation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Otten, Ellen; Birnie, Erwin; Ranchor, Adelita V.; van Tintelen, J. Peter; van Langen, Irene M.

    2015-01-01

    The introduction of next-generation sequencing in everyday clinical genetics practise is increasing the number of genetic disorders that can be confirmed at DNA-level, and consequently increases the possibilities for cascade screening. This leads to a greater need for genetic counselling, whereas th

  8. Marriage Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... counseling can help couples in all types of intimate relationships — heterosexual or homosexual, married or not. Some ... marriage counseling to address many specific issues, including: Communication problems Sexual difficulties Conflicts about child rearing or ...

  9. Genetic Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genetic counseling provides information and support to people who have, or may be at risk for, genetic disorders. A ... meets with you to discuss genetic risks. The counseling may be for yourself or a family member. ...

  10. 团体心理辅导在大学生心理健康教育中的运用研究%Research on the Application of Group Psychological Counseling in the Psychological Health Education of Uni-versity Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁成; 李晓燕

    2015-01-01

    Transforming group counseling from a psychological counseling means to a psychological health education method, can provide help for the healthy psychological growth of universi-ty students. This paper makes a brief introduction of group psy-chological counseling, points out the model for the organization and design of group psychological counseling for university stu-dents, and explores the positive role of group psychological coun-seling in the psychological health education of university stu-dents. The writer hopes that this paper can provide help for the development of the psychological health education of university students.%团体辅导从心理咨询手段转化为心理健康教育方法,为大学生心理健康成长提供帮助。本文对团体心理辅导进行简要的叙述,说明大学生团体心理辅导活动的组织和设计模式,并从实践角度探讨了团体心理辅导在大学生心理健康教育中的应用及积极作用。希望本文能够为大学生心理健康教育的发展提供帮助。

  11. 团体咨询在大学生就业心理辅导中的应用%The Application of Group Counseling in the Employment Psychological Counseling of University Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈元鲲

    2014-01-01

    Higher education maintains a rapid growth in recent years, leading to an increasing number of graduates, so the em-ployment competition is increasingly severe, but whether univer-sity students can successfully find jobs relates to social harmony and stability. University students' employment psychology is the inner reason influencing their employment. During university pe-riod, university students mostly take part in group activities, and they pay more attention to their contemporaries' views, which creates their strong willing of interpersonal communication and participation in group activities. Therefore, group counseling has incomparable advantages. Through analyzing the current situation of university students' psychological problems in employment and the status of group counseling application, this paper further ex-plored the application of group counseling in solving university students' psychological problems in employment, which is of im-portant theoretical and practical significance to the perfection of university students' psychological health education, the promotion of their successful and full employment, and the construction of a harmonious society.%近年来,高等教育保持了高速增长,毕业生数量日益增长,就业竞争愈加激烈,大学生能否顺利、充分就业关系到社会和谐稳定。大学生就业心理是影响其就业的重要内在原因。大学生在校期间多以团体为单位活动,更重视同龄人的看法,大学生有较强的人际交往意愿,乐于参与团体。因此,团体咨询具有不可比拟的优点。本文通过分析当前大学生就业心理问题、团体咨询的应用现状,进一步探索团体咨询在解决大学生就业心理问题中的应用,对于完善大学生心理健康教育,促进其顺利、充分就业,对于构建和谐社会具有重要的理论和实践意义。

  12. The effects of adding group-based lifestyle counselling to individual counselling on changes in plasma glucose levels in a randomized controlled trial: The Inter99 study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lau, C.; Vistisen, D.; Toft, U.

    2011-01-01

    participants, 4053 were determined to be at high risk based on a risk estimate of ischaemic heart disease or the presence of risk factors (smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, obesity, impaired glucose tolerance). Of these subjects, 90% were randomized to high-intensity intervention (group A) and 10...

  13. The 'reformation' of counselling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.A. Lotter

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available Although the Reformation took place some four hundred years ago, one area in which reformation is really needed today is the counselling of people. Since Wilhelm Wundt started the “study of the mind” in 1879, William James and Sigmund Freud followed and secular psychology gradually has developed to take the “front seat”; hence moving Biblical counselling, which has been practised since the times of the New Testament, to the “back burner”. This development had been going on for the greater part of the 20th century, up to the publication of Competent to Counsel by Jay E. Adams in 1970. In the model for counselling suggested by Adams, the principles of the Reformation of the sixteenth century, Soli Deo Gloria, Soli Scriptura, Soli Fidei, Sola Gratia, etc. were again implemented in assisting and counselling people with personal and interpersonal problems. The epistomological and anthropological approach of secular psychology differs radically from that of Biblical principles, thus necessitating a new “reformation” of counselling. Within this new form counselling, inter alia, implies the following: the Word of God has its rightful place, sin has to be taken seriously and the work of the Holy Spirit should be recognised. In this article it is proposed that the “reformation” of counselling was started by scholars with a Biblical Reformational approach and that this method of counselling followed the parameters of the Reformation of the sixteenth century. This “reformation” developed into a new direction in counselling and still continues today with fascinating new frontiers opening up for Biblical counselling.

  14. Getting unemployed job seekers back to work: the development of a process model of employment counseling behavior

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noordzij, G.; van Hooft, E.A.J.; van Mierlo, H.; van Dam, A.; Born, M.Ph.

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to propose a tentative model of employment counseling based on 31 critical incident interviews with supervisors, employment counselors, and unemployed job seekers. The incidents (N= 599) mentioned in the interviews were inductively used to develop a category framework

  15. The Model Does Matter II: Admissions and Training in APA-Accredited Counseling Psychology Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norcross, John C.; Evans, Krystle L.; Ellis, Jeannette L.

    2010-01-01

    This study collected information on the acceptance rates, admission standards, financial assistance, student characteristics, theoretical orientations, and select outcomes of American Psychological Association-accredited counseling psychology programs (99% response rate). Results are presented collectively for all 66 counseling programs as well as…

  16. A Collaborative Process Model for Promoting Successful Referrals in College Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iarussi, Melanie M.; Shaw, Brian M.

    2016-01-01

    The need to refer students to off-campus mental health providers is common in college counseling. Such referrals can be challenging for college counselors who strive to meet students' counseling needs while adhering to ethical and center policy guidelines. In this article, the authors explore the nature and challenges of referral in college…

  17. Comparing linear probability model coefficients across groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Anders; Ejrnæs, Mette; Karlson, Kristian Bernt

    2015-01-01

    This article offers a formal identification analysis of the problem in comparing coefficients from linear probability models between groups. We show that differences in coefficients from these models can result not only from genuine differences in effects, but also from differences in one or more...... these limitations, and we suggest a restricted approach to using linear probability model coefficients in group comparisons....

  18. Phylogenetic invariants for group-based models

    CERN Document Server

    Donten-Bury, Maria

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we investigate properties of algebraic varieties representing group-based phylogenetic models. We give the (first) example of a nonnormal general group-based model for an abelian group. Following Kaie Kubjas we also determine some invariants of group-based models showing that the associated varieties do not have to be deformation equivalent. We propose a method of generating many phylogenetic invariants and in particular we show that our approach gives the whole ideal of the claw tree for 3-Kimura model under the assumption of the conjecture of Sturmfels and Sullivant. This, combined with the results of Sturmfels and Sullivant, would enable to determine all phylogenetic invariants for any tree for 3-Kimura model and possibly for other group-based models.

  19. Counseling Services for Women in Marriage Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frischa Meivilona Yendi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Marriage is a bond between the outer and inner man as a husband who has not aged 25 years and women 21 years old wife is not with the purpose of achieving happiness. Marriage and family counseling is a profession that will be developed in Indonesia. Counseling emphasizes on changes contained in the family system. Stages counseling, theory and dynamics as well as the use of counseling skills in marriage and family counseling has similarities with individual counseling and group counseling.

  20. Evolutionary models of in-group favoritism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masuda, Naoki; Fu, Feng

    2015-01-01

    In-group favoritism is the tendency for individuals to cooperate with in-group members more strongly than with out-group members. Similar concepts have been described across different domains, including in-group bias, tag-based cooperation, parochial altruism, and ethnocentrism. Both humans and other animals show this behavior. Here, we review evolutionary mechanisms for explaining this phenomenon by covering recently developed mathematical models. In fact, in-group favoritism is not easily realized on its own in theory, although it can evolve under some conditions. We also discuss the implications of these modeling results in future empirical and theoretical research.

  1. Medication counselling: physicians' perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnerup, Dorthe Krogsgaard; Lisby, Marianne; Eskildsen, Anette Gjetrup; Saedder, Eva Aggerholm; Nielsen, Lars Peter

    2013-12-01

    Medication reviews have the potential to lower the incidence of prescribing errors. To benefit from a medication review, the prescriber must adhere to medication counselling. Adherence rates vary from 39 to 100%. The aim of this study was to examine counselling-naive hospital physicians' perspectives and demands to medication counselling as well as study factors that might increase adherence to the counselling. The study was conducted as a questionnaire survey among physicians at Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. The questionnaire was developed based on focus group interviews and literature search, and was pilot-tested among 30 physicians before being sent to 669 physicians. The questionnaire consisted of 35 items divided into four categories: attitudes (19 items), behaviours (3 items), assessment (8 items) and demographics (5 items). The response rate was 60% (400/669). Respondents were employed at psychiatric, medical or surgical departments. Eighty-five per cent of respondents agreed that patients would benefit of an extra medication review, and 72% agreed that there was a need for external medication counselling. The most important factor that could increase adherence was the clinical relevance of the counselling as 78% rated it of major importance. The most favoured method for receiving counselling was via the electronic patient record.

  2. Comparing linear probability model coefficients across groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Anders; Ejrnæs, Mette; Karlson, Kristian Bernt

    2015-01-01

    This article offers a formal identification analysis of the problem in comparing coefficients from linear probability models between groups. We show that differences in coefficients from these models can result not only from genuine differences in effects, but also from differences in one or more...... of the following three components: outcome truncation, scale parameters and distributional shape of the predictor variable. These results point to limitations in using linear probability model coefficients for group comparisons. We also provide Monte Carlo simulations and real examples to illustrate...... these limitations, and we suggest a restricted approach to using linear probability model coefficients in group comparisons....

  3. The Effectiveness of Group Training of Rational- Emotive Behavior Therapy on Communicative Beliefs of the Couples Referred to Counseling Centers in Isfahan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shakib Johari

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and the goal of the study: The major communicative problems, after marriage, include weakening the couples' communication, unrealistic beliefs, prejudgments and negative attitudes. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of Rational- Emotive Behavior Therapy,through group training, on communication beliefs of the couples who referred to counseling centers in Isfahan. Methods: The proposal of the study is a quasi-experimental research design with a pretest – posttest which includes a control group. The study samples encompass all the couples referred to counseling centers in Isfahan. In order to select a sample size, out of the applicants, through voluntary and available sampling method, 30 individuals were selected and randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. The elicitation tool used in this study was Relationship Beliefs Questionnaire. The experimental group was trained by a Rational- Emotive Behavior therapeutic approach and the control group did not receive any training at all. Then for all the participants a post-test was taken and finally after 2 months a follow-up test was conducted. In order to analyze the data, variance with repeated measures and Bonferroni correctionviausing SPSS 20 statistical software were used. Results: The results showed that the group training ofRational- Emotive Behavior therapeutic approach has impact on communicative beliefs and accordingly, there is a significant difference between the communicative beliefs of experimental and control groups(P < 0.01. Discussion: Based on the findings of this study,Rational- Emotive Behavior Therapy can be used to improve the couples' communicative beliefs.

  4. Development of an obesity counseling model based on a study of determinants of intentional sustained weight loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welborn, Toney L; Azarian, Maureen H; Davis, Nathan J; Layton, James C; Aspy, Cheryl B; Mold, James W

    2010-07-01

    Overweight and obesity are at epidemic proportions. This study examines the attitudes and actions of Oklahoma clinicians in obesity treatment, and the characteristics and perceptions of a subset of their patients who lost weight and were able to maintain weight loss. Our study was a small mixed method study involving both surveys and interviews. Descriptive statistics were calculated, content analysis of interviews performed, and a model outline for obesity counseling was developed. Only 38% of the 66 clinicians surveyed try to motivate their patients to lose weight. Patients interviewed recommended that clinicians treat obesity as a medical problem. We incorporated themes from the patient interviews into the S-MASS model for obesity screening and counseling.This was positively reviewed by clinicians and patients. The S-MASS model can function as a guide to help the clinician/patient team develop successful strategies for weight loss and maintenance of weight loss.

  5. Identifying future models for delivering genetic services: a nominal group study in primary care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davies Peter

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Background To enable primary care medical practitioners to generate a range of possible service delivery models for genetic counselling services and critically assess their suitability. Methods Modified nominal group technique using in primary care professional development workshops. Results 37 general practitioners in Wales, United Kingdom too part in the nominal group process. The practitioners who attended did not believe current systems were sufficient to meet anticipated demand for genetic services. A wide range of different service models was proposed, although no single option emerged as a clear preference. No argument was put forward for genetic assessment and counselling being central to family practice, neither was there a voice for the view that the family doctor should become skilled at advising patients about predictive genetic testing and be able to counsel patients about the wider implications of genetic testing for patients and their family members, even for areas such as common cancers. Nevertheless, all the preferred models put a high priority on providing the service in the community, and often co-located in primary care, by clinicians who had developed expertise. Conclusion There is a need for a wider debate about how healthcare systems address individual concerns about genetic concerns and risk, especially given the increasing commercial marketing of genetic tests.

  6. An Assessment of a Computerized Simulation of Counseling Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharf, Richard S.; Lucas, Margaretha

    1993-01-01

    Developed Computerized Counseling Simulation, simulation of client-counselor interaction. Tested simulation on seven groups with varying degrees of counseling experience: counselors, predoctoral counseling interns, counseling students, first-year counseling students, student peer counselors, undergraduates, and noncounselors (total n=108). Interns…

  7. Spin Foam Models with Finite Groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Bahr

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Spin foam models, loop quantum gravity, and group field theory are discussed as quantum gravity candidate theories and usually involve a continuous Lie group. We advocate here to consider quantum gravity-inspired models with finite groups, firstly as a test bed for the full theory and secondly as a class of new lattice theories possibly featuring an analogue diffeomorphism symmetry. To make these notes accessible to readers outside the quantum gravity community, we provide an introduction to some essential concepts in the loop quantum gravity, spin foam, and group field theory approach and point out the many connections to the lattice field theory and the condensed-matter systems.

  8. Spin foam models with finite groups

    CERN Document Server

    Bahr, Benjamin; Ryan, James P

    2011-01-01

    Spin foam models, loop quantum gravity and group field theory are discussed as quantum gravity candidate theories and usually involve a continuous Lie group. We advocate here to consider quantum gravity inspired models with finite groups, firstly as a test bed for the full theory and secondly as a class of new lattice theories possibly featuring an analogue diffeomorphism symmetry. To make these notes accessible to readers outside the quantum gravity community we provide an introduction to some essential concepts in the loop quantum gravity, spin foam and group field theory approach and point out the many connections to lattice field theory and condensed matter systems.

  9. Positive Psychology As Applied to Group Counseling for Drug Abstainers%积极心理学在戒毒人员团体辅导中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞晓歆; 耿文秀; 姜永; 张衍

    2012-01-01

    戒毒人员的心理干预与矫治正日益受到重视。积极心理学关注人们发掘自身的积极品质和积极力量,戒毒人员同样拥有积极力量。本研究对上海市某强制隔离戒毒所的戒毒人员开展了以积极心理学为理论基础的团体心理辅导。团体辅导之后,实验组在正性情感和乐观上的得分都显著高于团体辅导前,对照组在团体辅导前后则没有显著变化。可见,将积极心理学应用于戒毒人员的团体辅导具有积极意义,团体辅导是一种有效的戒毒心理矫治方式。%Positive psychology is a scientific study of positive experiences, individual traits and institutions that facilitate development. Psychological intervention has been applied to drug abstainers to help them quit drugs in recent years. However, nowadays, in the field of psychological intervention, group counseling is not a common way for drug abstainers. So we conducted the study to assess the effectiveness of group counseling in helping drug abstainers. In the study, we designed a series of courses and activities applying positive psychology and focusing on the positive strength of drug abstainers as our intervention program. A sample of 28 subjects (2 of them quitted because of their sickness during the study) from a drug rehabilitation center in Shanghai was selected to participate in the study. Their ages ranged from 22 to 40 years old( average age = 30. 9). 13 of them were randomly chosen as the experimental group and the other 13 as the control group. They completed the Affect Scale and the Life Orientation Test (LOT) before and after the group counse- ling. The experimental group took part in the group counseling for 4 months, once every week. Each course lasted about 2 hours. The 16 courses included topics of family love, thanksgiving, positive communication, optimism, confidence and hope, etc. The group members shared their past life experiences and family lives

  10. Efforts to Increase Students Reading Interest on Educational Reference Through Classical Guidance and Counseling Experiential Learning Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatik Sutarti

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the research is improving students’ reading interest on educational references through classical guidance and counseling experiential learning model. The research was carried out at STKIP Pacitan on the second semester in 2016/2017 academic year. The subject of the research was 20 fourth semester students of STKIP Pacitan. The method of the research was Classroom Action Research (CAR. The data was collected through 3 (three stages namely: data reduction, data presentation, and data conclusion or verification. The research resulted that the use of classical guidance and counseling experiential learning model gave opportunity for students to deliver their ideas related with the problems in reading interest, and then, being solved together through critical thinking.

  11. A needs assessment in a refugee mental health project in north-east London: extending the counselling model to community support.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, K; Maxwell, C

    2000-01-01

    In the United Kingdom, as elsewhere, mental health services are becoming increasingly aware that existing services may not meet the needs of different minority groups. This paper outlines the model used to set up a project focusing specifically on refugee mental health needs in Waltham Forest, in north-east London. Funding was available for one sole mental health worker and careful consideration was therefore given as to how her time should be used. A thorough needs assessment of refugees living in Waltham Forest determined that the provision of therapy or counselling alone would not be the most appropriate means of addressing refugees' needs. The intervention model developed therefore included awareness raising and community mobilization, in addition to one-to-one clinical sessions. The empowerment, training and support of refugee community groups became a central part of the work, which helped to establish and then consolidate links between mainstream services and individual refugees.

  12. An experiential group model for psychotherapy supervision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altfeld, D A

    1999-04-01

    This article presents an experiential group model of supervision constructed for both group and individual therapy presentations, emphasizing concepts from object relations theory and group-as-a-whole dynamics. It focuses on intrapsychic, interpersonal, and systems processes, and stresses the group aspect of the supervisory process. Its central thesis is that material presented in a group supervisory setting stimulates conscious and unconscious parallel processes in group members. Through here-and-now responses, associations, and interactions among the supervisory members, countertransference issues that have eluded the presenter can make themselves known and be worked through on emotional as well as cognitive levels. Selected excerpts from supervisory sessions demonstrate various attributes and strengths of the model.

  13. Model of trust in work groups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidorenkov, Andrey V.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available A multi-dimensional model of trust in a small group has been developed and approved. This model includes two dimensions: trust levels (interpersonal trust, micro-group trust, group trust, trust between subgroups, trust between subgroups and group and types of trust (activity-coping, information-influential and confidentially-protective trust. Each level of trust is manifested in three types, so there are fifteen varieties of trust. Two corresponding questionnaires were developed for the study. 347 persons from 32 work groups participated in the research. It was determined that in a small group there is an asymmetry of trust levels within the group. In particular, micro-group trust is demonstrated the most in comparison with other trust levels. There is also an asymmetry in the manifestation of interpersonal trust in a group structure. This is demonstrated by the fact that in informal subgroups, in comparison with a group as a whole, interpersonal confidential and performance trust is the most manifested. In a small group and in informal subgroups there are relationships between trust levels which have certain regularities.

  14. On group psychological counseling in college class construction%团体心理辅导在高校班级建设中的应用探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范乾坤

    2012-01-01

      目前,高校班级建设中存在着凝聚力、归属感缺乏等问题,文章对团体心理辅导引入班级建设的可行性进行了探索,并通过实际案例介绍了团体心理辅导在班级建设中的应用。%  At present, the existing problems such as lack of cohesion and sense of belonging, This article explores the class construction feasibility to take group psychological counseling into undertook ation , and through an actual case, introduces application of the group psychological tutorship in class construction.

  15. The Counseling Older Adults to Control Hypertension (COACH) trial: design and methodology of a group-based lifestyle intervention for hypertensive minority older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogedegbe, Gbenga; Fernandez, Senaida; Fournier, Leanne; Silver, Stephanie A; Kong, Jian; Gallagher, Sara; de la Calle, Franze; Plumhoff, Jordan; Sethi, Sheba; Choudhury, Evelyn; Teresi, Jeanne A

    2013-05-01

    The disproportionately high prevalence of hypertension and its associated mortality and morbidity in minority older adults is a major public health concern in the United States. Despite compelling evidence supporting the beneficial effects of therapeutic lifestyle changes on blood pressure reduction, these approaches remain largely untested among minority elders in community-based settings. The Counseling Older Adults to Control Hypertension trial is a two-arm randomized controlled trial of 250 African-American and Latino seniors, 60 years and older with uncontrolled hypertension, who attend senior centers. The goal of the trial is to evaluate the effect of a therapeutic lifestyle intervention delivered via group classes and individual motivational interviewing sessions versus health education, on blood pressure reduction. The primary outcome is change in systolic and diastolic blood pressure from baseline to 12 months. The secondary outcomes are blood pressure control at 12 months; changes in levels of physical activity; body mass index; and number of daily servings of fruits and vegetables from baseline to 12 months. The intervention group will receive 12 weekly group classes followed by individual motivational interviewing sessions. The health education group will receive an individual counseling session on healthy lifestyle changes and standard hypertension education materials. Findings from this study will provide needed information on the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions delivered in senior centers. Such information is crucial in order to develop implementation strategies for translation of evidence-based lifestyle interventions to senior centers, where many minority elders spend their time, making the centers a salient point of dissemination.

  16. Point groups in the Vibron model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leviatan, A.

    1989-08-01

    The question of incorporating the notion of point groups in the algebraic Vibron model for molecular rotation--vibration spectra is addressed. Boson transformations which act on intrinsic states are identified as the algebraic analog of the discrete point group transformations. A prescription for assigning point group labels to states of the Vibron model is obtained. In case of nonlinear triatomic molecules the Jacobi coordinates are found to be a convenient possible choice for the geometric counterparts of the algebraic shape parameters. The work focuses on rigid diatomic and triatomic molecules (linear and bent).

  17. 基于依恋视角的团体咨询与治疗研究综述%Review of Group Counseling and Group Therapy from the Pointview of Attachment Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁小华; 樊富珉

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, papers about the application of attachment theory in group counseling and therapy were reviewed and divided into three parts: the mechanism of group counseling based on the attachment, the research on the relationship of attachment and group process, and the research on the relationship of attachment and group effectiveness. The domestic research about attachment was also reviewed at the end of the paper, and the constrictions and future research were pointed out.%团体辅导是大学生心理健康教育的重要途径之一,依恋理论是能够解读团体过程与结果的理论框架,并能够指导团体辅导的进行.本文梳理了依恋理论在团体咨询与治疗中的应用文献,从基于依恋的团体治疗的机制,依恋与团体过程的相关研究,依恋与团体辅导效果的研究等几个方面进行综述,并提出了基于依恋视角的团体辅导的操作意见.

  18. On the Current Situation of Studies on Students' Group Psychological Counseling in Higher Vocational Colleges%高职院校大学生团体心理辅导的研究现状

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭凯娟

    2016-01-01

    文章对团体心理辅导对大学生进行心理健康教育的积极作用的进行阐述,并对高职院校施行团体心理辅导的可行性和优势进行分析,最后提出开展团体心理辅导的途径和方法。%This paper elaborates the positive role of group psy-chological counseling for college students' psychological health education, analyzes the feasibility and advantages of implement-ing group psychological counseling in higher vocational colleges, and finally proposes the ways to implement group psychological counseling.

  19. Application of Group Counseling in Freshman Class Management in Higher Vocational College%团体心理辅导在高职新生班级管理中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶大伟

    2011-01-01

    团体心理辅导是一种利用团体的力量来帮助个体成长的心理辅导技巧,强调亲身体验和感受.在高职新生班级管理中应用团体心理辅导,有助于民主型师生关系的建立,有助于班级凝聚力的形成,有助于帮助学生解除适应不良现象.%Group counseling is a psychological counseling skill to help the individual growth with group's strength, emphasizing personal experience and feeling. The application of group counseling in freshman class management in higher vocational college will contribute to the establishment of democratic relationship between teachers and students, the formation of class cohesion and relieve students' maladjustment phenomenon.

  20. 内地与台湾团体心理咨询研究现状比较分析%A Comparative Analysis of Present Researches on Group Counseling Between Mainland and Taiwan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾炬; 樊富珉

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To find out the development tendency of group counseling research through the comparison of group counseling research between Mainland and Taiwan. Methods: Based on major psychological journals and excellent masters' and doctors' dissertations on group counseling from 1990 to 2009 in Mainland and Taiwan, this study compares the research quantities, objectives and methods of these two places. Results: Group counseling research in Taiwan is rich,and research methods are more standard, while group counseling research in Mainland increases rapidly, involving the continuous expansion of application fields. Conclusion: At present the group counseling is more developed in Taiwan than in Mainland, which means that there is great developmental potential in the mainland. What's more, according to the developing history and present research situation of group counseling in Taiwan, it is concluded the future research directions of Taiwan tend to the development of influence factors on efficacy of group counseling, the influence mechanism of group process and local research.%目的:通过比较内地与台湾的团体心理咨询研究状况探讨团体咨询研究的发展趋势.方法:选取1990-2009年期间两岸的主要心理学期刊和优秀硕、博士论文中对团体心理咨询的研究,从研究数量、研究对象、研究方法等方面进行比较分析.结果:台湾团体咨询研究内容比较丰富,研究方法更为规范,内地团体咨询研究数量增加迅速,涉及的应用领域在不断扩展.结论:目前台湾地区的团体心理咨询研究较内地更为发达,而内地该领域的研究还有很大的发展空间.同时从台湾的研究现状来看,团体咨询研究有向团体疗效因素研究、团体过程影响机制分析、本土化研究等方向发展的趋势.

  1. Counseling College Women Experiencing Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified: A Cognitive Behavior Therapy Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choate, Laura H.

    2010-01-01

    Eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) is, by far, the most common eating disorder that college counseling professionals encounter among their female clients. Empirical evidence and best practice guidelines support use of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with women experiencing EDNOS. This article…

  2. Developmental Relational Counseling: A Model for Self-Understanding in Relation to Others

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duffey, Thelma; Haberstroh, Shane

    2012-01-01

    Developmental relational counseling (DRC) is an integrative framework designed to help clients develop personal awareness and relational functioning and conceptualize personal growth. DRC emerged from both authors' clinical work and was significantly influenced by relational-cultural theory and guided by the Enneagram personality typology and…

  3. Counseling College Women Experiencing Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified: A Cognitive Behavior Therapy Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choate, Laura H.

    2010-01-01

    Eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) is, by far, the most common eating disorder that college counseling professionals encounter among their female clients. Empirical evidence and best practice guidelines support use of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with women experiencing EDNOS. This article…

  4. Animating Research with Counseling Values: A Training Model to Address the Research-to-Practice Gap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Kristi A.; Dewell, John A.; Holmes, Courtney M.

    2014-01-01

    The persistent research-to-practice gap poses a problem for counselor education. The gap may be caused by conflicts between the humanistic values that guide much of counseling and the values that guide research training. In this article, the authors address historical concerns regarding research training for students and the conducting of research…

  5. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Drug Counselling Training Program: Suggestions for a Validation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freund, Michael; And Others

    1977-01-01

    The study measured the effectiveness of a drug counselling program to achieve behavioral, attitudinal and informational change of the participants. Significant changes were found in responses to knowledge inventories on medical and legal aspects of drug abuse and on behavioral dimensions of increased listening skills and ability to analyse…

  6. Counseling Psychology's Positive Psychological Agenda: A Model for Integration and Inspiration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linley, P. Alex

    2006-01-01

    Each of the Major Contribution's articles has traced counseling psychology's rich positive heritage. This reaction assesses this heritage in relation to positive psychology and considers the fundamental question of "To whose agenda are we working?" as psychological practitioners, locating the answer within the impact it has on our practice. The…

  7. Group Buying Schemes : A Sustainable Business Model?

    OpenAIRE

    Köpp, Sebastian; Mukhachou, Aliaksei; Schwaninger, Markus

    2013-01-01

    Die Autoren gehen der Frage nach, ob "Group Buying Schemes" wie beispielsweise von den Unternehmen Groupon und Dein Deal angeboten, ein nachhaltiges Geschäftsmodell sind. Anhand der Fallstudie Groupon wird mit einem System Dynamics Modell festgestellt, dass das Geschäftsmodell geändert werden muss, wenn die Unternehmung auf Dauer lebensfähig sein soll. The authors examine if group buying schemes are a sustainable business model. By means of the Groupon case study and using a System Dynami...

  8. Reflections on the Implementation of Group Psychological Counseling for Police College Students%在警察院校大学生中开展团体心理咨询的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡世群

    2013-01-01

    Group psychological counseling and individual coun-seling has become an important form of mental health education in university, especially group psychological counseling with the advantages individual counseling does not possess. According to police college students' psychological health status, we carry out targeted group psychological counseling, which will help to maintain police college students' mental health.%  团体心理咨询与个别心理咨询已成为大学心理健康教育的重要形式。特别是团体心理咨询,有个别心理咨询所不具备的优势。根据目前警察院校大学生的心理健康现状,开展有针对性的团体心理咨询活动,对保持警察院校大学生心理健康更有帮助。

  9. Whatever Happened to Counseling in Counseling Psychology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheel, Michael J.; Berman, Margit; Friedlander, Myrna L.; Conoley, Collie W.; Duan, Changming; Whiston, Susan C.

    2011-01-01

    A suspected decline in published counseling-related research in "The Counseling Psychologist" ("TCP") and the "Journal of Counseling Psychology" ("JCP") was investigated through content analyses of the two journals from 1979 to 2008. A marked decline in counseling-related research may signify a shift in emphasis away from counseling as the most…

  10. Affine Poisson Groups and WZW Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ctirad Klimcík

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available We give a detailed description of a dynamical system which enjoys a Poisson-Lie symmetry with two non-isomorphic dual groups. The system is obtained by taking the q → ∞ limit of the q-deformed WZW model and the understanding of its symmetry structure results in uncovering an interesting duality of its exchange relations.

  11. Developing Multicultural Counseling Competencies in Undergraduate Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estrada, Ana Ulloa; Durlak, Joseph A.; Juarez, Scott C.

    2002-01-01

    Assessed impact of training undergraduates in multicultural counseling competencies. When compared with a control group of students in a psychology of personality course (n=20), repeated measures analyses of variance confirmed that multicultural counseling trainees (n=21) significantly increased levels of multicultural counseling awareness and…

  12. VLES Modelling with the Renormalization Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chris De Langhe; Bart Merci; Koen Lodefier; Erik Dick

    2003-01-01

    In a Very-Large-Eddy Simulation (VLES), the filterwidth-wavenumber can be outside the inertial range, and simple subgrid models have to be replaced by more complicated ('RANS-like') models which can describe the transport of the biggest eddies. One could approach this by using a RANS model in these regions, and modify the lengthscale in the model for the LES-regions[1~3]. The problem with these approaches is that these models are specifically calibrated for RANS computations, and therefore not suitable to describe inertial range quantities. We investigated the construction of subgrid viscosity and transport equations without any calibrated constants, but these are calculated directly form the Navier-Stokes equation by means of a Renormalization Group (RG)procedure. This leads to filterwidth dependent transport equations and effective viscosity with the right limiting behaviour (DNS and RANS limits).

  13. A Maslovian Counseling Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkpatrick, J. Stephen

    1979-01-01

    With Maslow's hierarchy as a basis, the model provides structure for setting goals in counseling cases and overall programs. Different kinds of client concerns are identified, and suggestions are made for using these 14 categories. The article includes specific suggestions for using the model in diagnosis, evaluation, counselor education, and…

  14. Counseling Third Culture Kids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barringer, Carolyn Fox

    Third Culture Kids (TCKs) represent a group of youth who have lived overseas with their families for business, service, or missionary work. The implications of living in multiple cultures, especially during the developmental and formative years of youth, warrant investigation. This study informs the US counseling community about the…

  15. Practicum Training in Gerontological Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilber, Kathleen H.; Zarit, Steven H.

    1987-01-01

    Describes a practicum model for mental health counselor training in gerontology which includes academic preparation and clinical values, assessment skills, beginning counseling techniques, advanced counseling skills, and administrative competence. Presents supervision, the placement process, and procedural issues surrounding practica. (Author/ABB)

  16. Restructuring Guidance and Counseling Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, Beverly A.; Daly, Timothy P.

    1993-01-01

    Briefly reviews counseling profession's call for revitalization and transformation in school counseling and guidance programs. Summarizes one school system's efforts during late 1980s and early 1990s to transform its program from services and crisis orientation into a comprehensive developmental model based on Myrick's developmental guidance and…

  17. Applying Educational Counseling Skills in Industry: A Role Expansion Model for Counselors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papalia, Anthony S.; Moore, S. Jerry

    1979-01-01

    The need for counselors to extend their skills into the industrial domain is emphasized. A unique model is presented that demonstrates the application to industry of a counselor's skills as program developer, group facilitator, expeditor, resource person, academic instructor, and counselor. (Author)

  18. Thinking and Practice on the Application of Group Coun-seling in Psychological Health Education Course%团体辅导在心理健康教育课程中应用的思考与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱芮

    2015-01-01

    本文结合课程需要和团体辅导自身优势,提出团体辅导在心理健康教育课程中应用的可能性,并尝试从团体辅导活动选择、活动方案设计思路等方面将此付诸教学实践,将九个团体辅导活动贯穿于四部分课堂教学中,同时,对课堂教学进行效果评价,在此基础上提出讨论意见和进一步改进的策略。%Combined with curriculum needs and the advantages of group counseling, this paper proposes the possibility of applying group counseling to psychological health education course, and attempts to put it into teaching practice from the selection of group counseling activities and the design of activity schemes. The writer infiltrates nine group counseling activities into four parts of classroom teaching, and meanwhile evaluates the effect of classroom teaching, and based on this, proposes discussion sug-gestions and strategies for further improvement.

  19. Outplacement Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papalia, Anthony S.; Dai, Sheila

    Rapid changes in technology and the economy have led to major staff reductions in the workplace, and have increased the need to assist displaced employees with outplacement counseling that is responsive, cost-effective, humane, and on-going. College counselors have the basic skills to effectively expand their role in this field in ways that…

  20. COUNSELING MULTIKULTURAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NUZLIAH

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Multicutural is a term used to describe one's view of the variety of life in the world, or cultural policy emphasizing their acceptance of diversity, and a wide range of cultures (multicultural that exist in society regarding values, system, culture, customs and politics that they profess. The effectiveness of counseling depends on many factors the most important is the relation to each other, and mutual understanding between counselor and client. Cultural differences that exist in this country requires the counselor needs to understand the different cultures that exist. Importance of multicultural for counselors as a form of consciousness that the counselor and client have cultural differences. Multicultural counseling a counseling relationship with the concept that there is a counselor with a client who has a cultural background, values and different lifestyles. Building a good relationship when the counseling process takes place so that the counselor can understand the culture of its clients one of the key attitudes that exist within konsleor is empathy. Counselors who have empathy will be able to understand the way the world through the perspective of the client.

  1. Outplacement Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knowdell, Richard L.; And Others

    This monographs discusses outplacement counseling (the process of helping a terminated employee secure new employment) in business and industry and in higher education. The first section, outplacement in business and industry, describes the emergence of outplacement services and discusses benefits and problems associated with the service. The…

  2. 加强失独群体心理疏导的思考%Thinking on Strengthening Psychological Counseling for the Group Which Lost Their Only Child

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯秀丽

    2015-01-01

    The number of the family which lost their only child is over a million,and the reality and future life of the group which lost the only child is full of anxiety,worry and fear while they bear the pain of loss of the child.Based on the awareness initiative action principle and modern ideological and political work principle, the psychological counseling for the group which lost the only child in the emotion,cognition and environ-ment is carried on,which is not only the proper method of solving the problem of the loss of the only child in a family,but also the practical requirements of building a harmonious society.%我国失独家庭已过百万,失独群体在承受失子之痛的同时,对现实和未来的生活充满了焦虑、担忧和恐惧。以意识能动性作用原理及现代思想政治工作的原则为理论依据,对失独群体进行情感、认知和环境等方面的疏导,既是目前解决失独问题的应有之义,也是构建和谐社会的现实要求。

  3. EFFORTS TO INCREASE THE ABILITY TO CHOOSE A SCHOOL GROUP COUNSELING SERVICES THROUGH ADVANCED CLASS IX SMP NEGERI 2 METRO STATE IN 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohima Rohima

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available SMP Negeri 2 Metro In reality, there are many confused students choose a major program of advanced studies, especially for junior high school students. It is necessary to learn / coaching to the students to be able to choose the school accordingly. Researchers conduct action research through the Guidance Counseling Group in Class IX student of SMP Negeri 2 Metro. The experiment was conducted using two cycles. Recapitulation of data Selecting a program majoring in the process of learning / coaching from the first cycle to the second cycle, there is an increase of 57.06% to 86.35%. The results of the data summary portfolio also increased from 33.32% to 83.33%, and the recapitulation of learning outcomes of students who otherwise Completed Pass also risen from 54.54% increase to 96.96%. Thus concluded indicator of success is to reach the target / as are 95% or more. Keywords: guidance group, select schools, smp negeri 2 metro

  4. EFFORTS TO INCREASE THE ABILITY TO CHOOSE A SCHOOL GROUP COUNSELING SERVICES THROUGH ADVANCED CLASS IX SMP NEGERI 2 METRO STATE IN 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohima Rohima

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available SMP Negeri 2 Metro In reality, there are many confused students choose a major program of advanced studies, especially for junior high school students. It is necessary to learn / coaching to the students to be able to choose the school accordingly. Researchers conduct action research through the Guidance Counseling Group in Class IX student of SMP Negeri 2 Metro. The experiment was conducted using two cycles. Recapitulation of data Selecting a program majoring in the process of learning / coaching from the first cycle to the second cycle, there is an increase of 57.06% to 86.35%. The results of the data summary portfolio also increased from 33.32% to 83.33%, and the recapitulation of learning outcomes of students who otherwise Completed Pass also risen from 54.54% increase to 96.96%. Thus concluded indicator of success is to reach the target / as are 95% or more.Keywords: guidance group, select schools, smp negeri 2 metro

  5. Positive Psychology Group Counseling for New Students of Higher Vocational Schools%积极心理学团体辅导对高职新生的应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶红萍; 陆伟

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨积极心理学团体辅导对高职新生主观幸福感的影响。方法:将50位高职新生随机分组,实验组接受为期10周、每周一次的积极心理学团体辅导,将其余学生列入等候名单,设为对照组,比较两组团体辅导前后主观幸福感有无差异,分析团体辅导中的疗效因素。结果:1)经过10周的积极心理学团体辅导后,实验组的主观幸福感各项指标均高于对照组,差异具有统计学意义。2)高职新生积极心理学团体辅导中,重要的疗效因子依次为:存在意识因子、团体凝聚力、情绪宣泄。结论:积极心理学团体辅导能有效提高高职学生的主观幸福感,存在意识、团体凝聚力和情感宣泄是积极心理学团体辅导发挥积极影响的重要因素。%Objective To investigate the effectiveness of positive psychology group counseling on the subjective well-being of new students of vocational institute.Methods:50 new students of vocational institute were randomized to Positive Psychology Group Counseling as experiment group or waiting list as control group for an 10-week observation.Index of well-being were administered to compare independently both at baseline and at the end of 10th week.The important therapeutic factor was also suryeyed.Result:1)Compared to control group,after 10-week positive psychology group counseling,index of well-being of the experiment group is significantly higher.2)The important therapeutic factors in positive psychology group counseling were existential factors,group cohesiveness,catharsis.Conclu sion:Positive psychology group counseling can heighten the subjective well-being of new students of vocational institute.Existential factors,group cohesiveness,catharsis play significant role in positive psychology group counseling.

  6. Infusing Counseling Skills in Test Interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rawlins, Melanie E.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Presents an instructional model based on Neurolinguistic Programming that links counseling student course work in measurement and test interpretation with counseling techniques and theory. A process incorporating Neurolinguistic Programming patterns is outlined for teaching graduate students the counseling skills helpful in test interpretation.…

  7. Identifying Role Diffusion in School Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astramovich, Randall L.; Hoskins, Wendy J.; Gutierrez, Antonio P.; Bartlett, Kerry A.

    2013-01-01

    Role ambiguity in professional school counseling is an ongoing concern despite recent advances with comprehensive school counseling models. The study outlined in this article examined role diffusion as a possible factor contributing to ongoing role ambiguity in school counseling. Participants included 109 graduate students enrolled in a…

  8. The impact of counselling with a practical statistical model on patients' decision-making about treatment for epilepsy: findings from a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacoby, A; Baker, G; Chadwick, D; Johnson, A

    1993-12-01

    To ascertain the impact of a computer-based predictive model on patients' decisions about continuing treatment of their epilepsy, 72 subjects were asked to complete questionnaires prior to and following counselling with the model. The subjects were attending the neurology out-patient clinic in a large UK hospital, and were identified from medical records as eligible for withdrawal of AEDs. The effect of counselling with the model was to make the majority of patients opt to continue AED therapy. Positive or negative framing of risk information appeared to influence the decisions of patients who were initially uncertain about continuing treatment, as did patients' perceptions of the clinician's views. The prognostic model appeared to allow relatively complex statistical information to be conveyed to patients in an accessible form. We suggest its use will aid clinicians in counselling patients and will help patients reach better-informed decisions about treatment.

  9. Chemical Evolution models of Local Group galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Tosi, M P

    2003-01-01

    Status quo and perspectives of standard chemical evolution models of Local Group galaxies are summarized, discussing what we have learnt from them, what we know we have not learnt yet, and what I think we will learn in the near future. It is described how Galactic chemical evolution models have helped showing that: i) stringent constraints on primordial nucleosynthesis can be derived from the observed Galactic abundances of the light elements, ii) the Milky Way has been accreting external gas from early epochs to the present time, iii) the vast majority of Galactic halo stars have formed quite rapidly at early epochs. Chemical evolution models for the closest dwarf galaxies, although still uncertain so far, are expected to become extremely reliable in the nearest future, thanks to the quality of new generation photometric and spectroscopic data which are currently being acquired.

  10. Computational social dynamic modeling of group recruitment.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berry, Nina M.; Lee, Marinna; Pickett, Marc; Turnley, Jessica Glicken (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Smrcka, Julianne D. (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Ko, Teresa H.; Moy, Timothy David (Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM); Wu, Benjamin C.

    2004-01-01

    The Seldon software toolkit combines concepts from agent-based modeling and social science to create a computationally social dynamic model for group recruitment. The underlying recruitment model is based on a unique three-level hybrid agent-based architecture that contains simple agents (level one), abstract agents (level two), and cognitive agents (level three). This uniqueness of this architecture begins with abstract agents that permit the model to include social concepts (gang) or institutional concepts (school) into a typical software simulation environment. The future addition of cognitive agents to the recruitment model will provide a unique entity that does not exist in any agent-based modeling toolkits to date. We use social networks to provide an integrated mesh within and between the different levels. This Java based toolkit is used to analyze different social concepts based on initialization input from the user. The input alters a set of parameters used to influence the values associated with the simple agents, abstract agents, and the interactions (simple agent-simple agent or simple agent-abstract agent) between these entities. The results of phase-1 Seldon toolkit provide insight into how certain social concepts apply to different scenario development for inner city gang recruitment.

  11. [Couples counseling with Latinos].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zumaya, Mario

    2011-01-01

    Intimate ties and emotional relationship gain the function to confirm, to stabilize and, afterwards, to structure the coherency's model of the structured self-organization up to that moment. When the couple perceives the bond of the relationship such as a sole and exclusive for a person, they take a leading role to be able to deduce a sense of individuality and uniqueness in the way to feel himself in the world. Based on these considerations, in this paper I propose a brief description of a counselling method, which characterises the work I am carrying out since several years in the counselling and therapy with couples.

  12. Counseling Exceptional Individuals and Their Families: A Systems Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Volker; Ray, Karen E.

    2006-01-01

    This article presents three models of counseling exceptional students from a systems perspective. The authors present their definition of counseling, the goals of counseling, and the counseling relationship from a systems perspective. Each model is described, including assessment and intervention techniques appropriate for working with children,…

  13. The Group Counseling Design and Effectiveness of YiKong Skill-Based Stress Reduction%基于移空技术设计减压团体辅导方案的干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏宇欣; 安莉娟; 刘雅琼; 张超凡

    2016-01-01

    According to the Chinese medical thought theory and embodied cognition theory, we designed a group counse-ling project which based on Yikong skill, and try to explore its effectiveness on stress reduction. Methods: 24 sub-jects participated in the study. Among these people, 12 subjects participated in the experimental group, others in the control groups. Group counseling was given to the experimental group once a week for 6 weeks; the control did not receive any counseling. All the subjects were tested with Chinese Perceived Stress Scale ( CPSS), Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90) and General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) when the group counseling was started, finished and 1 month after it was finished. Results: (1) After the group counseling, the SCL-90’s and CPSS post-test scores of experimental group were significantly lower than before, and the GSES post-test scores were significantly higher than before. Whereas there were no significant difference in scores from the control group on SCL-90、 CPSS and GSES. (2) In the tracing-test, the experiment group still had significant higher scores on these scales than before. Conclusions: As a form of intervention, this group counseling program has great positive effect on improving the subjects’ psychological physiological symptoms and their self-efficacy under the stress situation.%为检验在移空技术基础上设计而成的减压团体辅导方案的实践效果,选取24名大学生作为被试,分为实验组12名和对照组12名,对实验组进行连续6周、每周1次的团体辅导,对照组不干预。结果表明,实验组被试压力知觉和症状自评得分显著降低、自我效能得分显著提高,而对照组被试得分没有显著改变;追踪评估结果显示,团体辅导结束1个月后干预效果依然存在。由此可见,该项团辅方案可有效缓解压力所致心身症状,达到了设计预期。

  14. 医学生就业指导团体辅导活动课程的设计与实施%Design and implementation of group counseling activity curriculum for the employment of medical students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张青; 钱奕; 孙婷; 朱炜; 赖婧; 杨智男

    2016-01-01

    [目的]设计医学生就业指导团体辅导活动课程并实施。[方法]选取选修大学生就业指导课程的62名一年级和二年级学生,随机分为试验组和对照组,试验组采用团体辅导活动课程,对照组采用传统课堂讲授法,辅导前后比较两组学生的职业决策自我效能得分。[结果]辅导后,两组学生的职业决策自我效能总分均提高,试验组学生团体辅导后社会支持和应对技能得分高于对照组(P <0.05)。[结论]将团体辅导应用于高校就业指导教学中有助于提高大学生的职业决策自我效能。%Objective:To design group counseling activiey curriculum medical students’career and to implement it.Method:A total of 62 freshmen and sophomeres in the second semester of the 2014—2015 academic year have college students career guidance program were selected and randomly divided into test group and control group.Students in test group received group counseling activity curriculum.And the control group recived tradi-tional classroom lectures.Career decision making self efficacy scores were compared before and after the counselling.Results:After counseling,the two groups of students career decision making self efficacy scores were increased.After the group counseling,social support and coping skills scores of the teat group students were higher than that of the control group(P <0.05).Conclusion:To apply group counseling career guidance courses in colleges and universities can help to improve college students’career decision making self efficacy.

  15. Cost-effectiveness of nutritional counseling for obese patients and patients at risk of ischemic heart disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Jens; Willaing, Ingrid; Ladelund, Steen

    2005-01-01

    counseling by a general practitioner (GP) or a dietician. METHODS: A total of 60 GPs, who accepted to participate, were randomized either to give nutritional counseling or to refer patients to a dietician for counseling. The life years gained was estimated using a Cox regression model. Costs were estimated...... on the basis of registered use of time (dieticians) or agreed salaries (GPs). RESULTS: The effect of nutritional counseling comparing GPs and dieticians is greatest when counseling is performed by a GP--0.0919 years versus 0.0274 years. These effects appear to be moderate, but they are significant. It is also...... patient groups and interventions report effects within the same magnitude. The GP group was the most cost-effective, but it must be concluded that both counseling strategies were relatively cost-effective. Even though the cost of gaining an extra life year was estimated to be 59,987 DKK in the dietician...

  16. Implications for Counseling the Unemployed in a Recessionary Economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shifron, Rachel; And Others

    1983-01-01

    Addresses the implications of recessionary unemployment for the field of counseling, including family counseling, group counseling, and career education. Counseling should focus on maintaining the person's physical and psychological wellness, and teaching coping behavior to prevent temporary unemployment from becoming permanent. (JAC)

  17. Genomic counseling: next generation counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Rachel; Haga, Susanne B

    2014-08-01

    Personalized medicine continues to expand with the development and increasing use of genome-based testing. While these advances present new opportunities for diagnosis and risk assessment, they also present challenges to clinical delivery. Genetic counselors will play an important role in ushering in this new era of testing; however, it will warrant a shift from traditional genetic counseling to "genomic counseling." This shift will be marked by a move from reactive genetic testing for diagnosis of primarily single-gene diseases to proactive genome-based testing for multiple complex diseases for the purpose of disease prevention. It will also require discussion of risk information for a number of diseases, some of which may have low relative risks or weak associations, and thus, may not substantially impact clinical care. Additionally, genomic counselors will expand their roles, particularly in the area of health promotion to reduce disease risk. This additional role will require a style of counseling that is more directive than traditional counseling and require greater knowledge about risk reducing behaviors and disease screening.

  18. The INSPIRE Project: Using the "Unknown" to Co-Construct a Training Course on Humanistic Counselling in Afghanistan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berdondini, Lucia; Grieve, Sandra; Kaveh, Ali

    2014-01-01

    This article details a collaborative project between the University of Strathclyde (UK) and the University of Herat (Afghanistan). The aim was to co-construct a model of training, based on humanistic approaches, in order to enhance counselling services in Afghanistan and to establish counselling training at the University of Herat. Two groups of…

  19. 领导风格分类对于团体辅导的启示%Implications of Different Leadership Styles for Group Counseling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    虞悦; 古苑诗; 黄柔颖; 黄筑舲

    2014-01-01

    Leadership style is the explicit behavior, intention or feeling that the group members are aware of after a group leader presents himself. This article tries to arrange and describe different leadership styles and their potential relevance, relfecting the exist leadership style in a more speciifc and perfect way. In order to offer the reference about the practice of group counseling for the novice counselors, it also attempts to arrange and describe, in the axial of “warm/amiable-maintain boundaries/keep distance” and “actively/guide-respond/reaction”, the difference in the efifciency of different types of leadership style through two facets as relationship and work.%领导风格即在领导者呈现后能被成员所觉知到的外显行为、意图或感受。本文试图通过对不同类型的领导风格及其相关影响进行整理和描述,从而更具体与完整地反映出现有的领导风格类型,期待能以“关系”和“工作”两个面向作为分类的依据,在“温暖/亲和-保有界限/距离”以及“积极/引导-回应/反映”这两个轴面上整理描绘出不同类型领导风格的效能差异,作为未来新手咨询师在团体辅导实务上的参考。

  20. The Influence of Supervisor Multicultural Competence on the Supervisory Working Alliance, Supervisee Counseling Self-efficacy, and Supervisee Satisfaction with Supervision: A Mediation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crockett, Stephanie; Hays, Danica G.

    2015-01-01

    We developed and tested a mediation model depicting relationships among supervisor multicultural competence, the supervisory working alliance, supervisee counseling self-efficacy, and supervisee satisfaction with supervision. Results of structural equation modeling showed that supervisor multicultural competence was related to the supervisory…

  1. COUNSELING MULTIKULTURAL

    OpenAIRE

    NUZLIAH

    2016-01-01

    Multicutural is a term used to describe one's view of the variety of life in the world, or cultural policy emphasizing their acceptance of diversity, and a wide range of cultures (multicultural) that exist in society regarding values, system, culture, customs and politics that they profess. The effectiveness of counseling depends on many factors the most important is the relation to each other, and mutual understanding between counselor and client. Cultural differences that exist in this coun...

  2. 团体辅导改善大学生学习投入状况的实验研究%An Experimental Research on Improving University Students'the Condition of Learning Engagement by Group Counselling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴芳

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To verify that group counseling had an important effect on improving university students'the condition of learning engagement . Methods:We adopted the before -after -design -of -experimental group and the control group . Experimental group was intervened with group counseling . The effectwere assessed with learning engagement scale and students'self - e-valuation . Results:the scores of learning engagement scale has a significant difference after intervention . The subjects in the experimental group were satisfied with the progress of group counseling . Conclusion:The intervention of group counseling was found to be effective in university students'learning engagement .%目的:通过实验研究证明团体辅导在改善大学生的学习投入状况方面具有重要作用。方法:采用实验组、对照组前后测设计,对实验组实施团体辅导,采用大学生学习投入量表并结合学生自评进行评估。结果:1.在学习投入各维度上,实验组和对照组前后测差异显著;2.团体成员对学习投入团体辅导活动评价积极。结论:团体辅导对大学生学习投入的干预有效。

  3. Development of a multi-tiered business model for value chain analysis for mobile nutrition counseling online system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Kargari

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Internet searches suggest people need to check the appropriate and correct information in the field of health. Meanwhile, due to the rapid growth of new technologies such as mobile technology, which today is universally accessible to all members of society, has been created a new and appropriate channel to offer health services that use this technology to propose best value tailored to customer requirements in a short time. Method: In this paper, several approaches and models has been exploited in order to study and design a new business model for mobile health nutritional counseling. First, the business value chain has been introduced and several parts of the Canvas model, VRISA index, Growth-Share Matrix and Familiarity Matrix and Porter’s Five Competitive Forces has been analyzed and finally, a cost and revenue model and food menu provision have been provided. Results: The results show that the application of Information Technology especially mobile technology is advantageous for nutritional counseling domain. With respect to a portion of the costs and revenues that are roughly predictable. The way to determine the price your service provider offers be considered floating price is higher than first and then reduce prices to attract more customers. The total number of customers leading to a break-even point is 5373. Once this amount is reached, the number of customers we will achieve profitability. Conclusion: The proposed business model relatively provides a sustainable competitive advantage with low cost, but since resources are available in this area, the threat of new entrants is low and we need to maintain continuous improvement and innovation to keep our market position. With the increasing number of customers, revenues are growing exponentially, while the cost of the project is fixed. So attracting the customers and meeting their demand is very important.

  4. Counseling Skills Pre-Practicum Training at Guidance and Counseling Undergraduate Programs: A Qualitative Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aladag, Mine

    2013-01-01

    This study was aimed to describe counseling skills pre-practicum training at guidance and counseling undergraduate programs in Turkey. A descriptive study was conducted based upon qualitative data. The research group of this study consisted of 11 guidance and counseling undergraduate programs voluntarily participate into study. The Survey Form…

  5. Trainees versus Staff: Exploring Counseling Outcomes in a College Counseling Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilagan, Guy; Vinson, Mike; Sharp, Julia L.; Havice, Pamela; Ilagan, Jill

    2014-01-01

    Investigators compared counseling outcomes among nonpaid graduate-level trainees and professional staff at a college counseling center. Counseling outcomes for 331 college student participants were measured using the Outcome Questionnaire 45.2 (OQ45.2), employing a pretest--posttest design. The two groups of service providers did not differ…

  6. Value of Family and Group Counseling Models where Grandparents Function as Parents to Their Grandchildren

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Oliver W.; Ray, Shannon L.

    2010-01-01

    Those involved in circumstances in which children are raised by their grandparents often encounter serious problems that require assistance from counselors. Research suggests that grandparents and parents in these families typically experience heightened stress and psychosocial distress. Additionally, the children often encounter behavioral,…

  7. 团体咨询在艺术类中职学校考前辅导中的应用%the Application of Group Counseling in Examination Guidance of Art Middle Vocational School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婕; 王妍; 陈向一

    2013-01-01

    针对艺术类中职学校学生在文化课考前的心理状态进行了家庭治疗取向的团体咨询。通过对36名应届毕业艺术类考生6周的团体咨询,采用心理测量、团体成员反馈和咨询师评估等方法表明:以促进良好学业行为、改善情绪状态和促进成员个体化为目标的团体咨询有着良好的效果。%Group counseling based family therapy orientation was conducted considering the mental state of art middle vocational student before basic cul-ture examination. Through 6 weeks group counseling for 36 art middle voca-tional student, psychological measurement, group members feedback and group instructor evaluation were conducted. The result showed the group counseling aimed to promote study behavior, improve emotional state and pro-mote group members individual was effective.

  8. Modeling of Internet Influence on Group Emotion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czaplicka, Agnieszka; Hołyst, Janusz A.

    Long-range interactions are introduced to a two-dimensional model of agents with time-dependent internal variables ei = 0, ±1 corresponding to valencies of agent emotions. Effects of spontaneous emotion emergence and emotional relaxation processes are taken into account. The valence of agent i depends on valencies of its four nearest neighbors but it is also influenced by long-range interactions corresponding to social relations developed for example by Internet contacts to a randomly chosen community. Two types of such interactions are considered. In the first model the community emotional influence depends only on the sign of its temporary emotion. When the coupling parameter approaches a critical value a phase transition takes place and as result for larger coupling constants the mean group emotion of all agents is nonzero over long time periods. In the second model the community influence is proportional to magnitude of community average emotion. The ordered emotional phase was here observed for a narrow set of system parameters.

  9. A Roadmap to the Professionalization of Guidance and Counselling ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Emeka Egbochuku

    P-R-R Study Technique, Group Counselling and Gender Influence. Ohanaka, B. I. ... Oayinka (1980) defines counselling as a psychological process of helping an ... The experimental group had a treatment package consisting of a combination ...

  10. Multicultural education and genetic counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weil, J

    2001-03-01

    The responsibility to provide accessible, useful genetic counseling to individuals from many cultures and ethnicities arises from the increasing ethnocultural diversity of the populations served, coupled with the ethical goal of providing equal access and quality of services for all individuals. The multicultural education, training, and practice of genetic counseling involves three major components: knowledge of relevant ethnocultural groups, ethnocultural self-awareness, and an understanding of institutional and social barriers to services. Despite the diversity of ethnocultural groups served and the critical role of direct experience and training for the genetic counselor, some general guidelines for multicultural genetic counseling can be identified. These include the importance of establishing and maintaining trust, the essential need to respect the counselee's healthcare beliefs and practices, and the necessity of understanding the impact of culture on the process of decision making and on counselee responses to nondirective counseling.

  11. CYBER COUNSELING ASSISTED WITH FACEBOOK TO REDUCE ONLINE GAME ADDICTION

    OpenAIRE

    Hardi Prasetiawan

    2016-01-01

    Cyber counseling is divided into various shapes, one form is the use of facebook. Guidance and counseling teacher in schools can implement the cyber counseling assited with facebook to reduce online game addiction the students who are more likely to prefer to communicate by text relationship, and students who do not feel comfortable with counseling services by face to face. Problems of children who are addicted Online Games at school require a relief to effort with Group Counseling assited wi...

  12. 团体辅导在高校心理健康教育中的运用%On the Application of Group Counseling in College Psy- chological Health Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲜于乐娇

    2016-01-01

    Based on the existing research results and starting from practical observations, this paper specifically discusses the ap-plication of group counseling in college psychological health edu-cation, and makes a preliminary exploration on the function of group counseling in helping solve college students' psychological health problems and its application, hoping to provide some ref-erence for college counselors' work.%本文综合已有的研究成果,以实际观察出发,具体讨论团体辅导在大学生心理健康教育的运用,并对团体辅导在帮助解决大学生心理健康问题的功能以及运用进行初步探讨,希望对高校辅导员开展工作具有一定的借鉴意义.

  13. Exploration on the Application of Group Psychological Counseling to Class Construction for Freshmen%团体心理辅导在大学新生班级建设中的应用探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丹

    2016-01-01

    Currently, the use of group psychological counseling is conducive to the improvement of university student management, as it can promote class management for freshmen and provide a good learning atmosphere for them. Based on the status quo of class construction for freshmen, this paper analyzes the measures to apply group psychological counseling to class management for freshmen.%当前,利用团体心理辅导做好大学生新生班级建设工作,给大学新生创造良好的学习氛围,有利于高校学生管理水平的提升。文章立足于大学新生班级建设现状,主要分析了“团体心理辅导在大学新生班级建设中的应用措施”。

  14. Voluntary HIV counseling and testing during prenatal care in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Zubaran Goldani

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Voluntary HIV counseling and testing are provided to all Brazilian pregnant women with the purpose of reducing mother-to-child HIV transmission. The purpose of the study was to assess characteristics of HIV testing and identify factors associated with HIV counseling and testing. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out comprising 1,658 mothers living in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Biological, reproductive and social variables were obtained from mothers by means of a standardized questionnaire. Being counseling about HIV testing was the dependent variable. Confidence intervals, chi-square test and hierarchical logistic model were used to determine the association between counseling and maternal variables. RESULTS: Of 1,658 mothers interviewed, 1,603 or 96.7% (95% CI: 95.7-97.5 underwent HIV testing, and 51 or 3.1% (95% CI: 2.3-4.0 were not tested. Four (0.2% refused to undergo testing after counseling. Of 51 women not tested in this study, 30 had undergone the testing previously. Of 1,603 women tested, 630 or 39.3% (95% CI: 36.9-41.7 received counseling, 947 or 59.2% (95% CI: 56.6-61.5 did not, and 26 (1.6% did not inform. Low income, lack of prenatal care, late beginning of prenatal care, use of rapid testing, and receiving prenatal in the public sector were variables independently associated with a lower probability of getting counseling about HIV testing. CONCLUSIONS: The study findings confirmed the high rate of prenatal HIV testing in Porto Alegre. However, women coming from less privileged social groups were less likely to receive information and benefit from counseling.

  15. Corn Heterotic Group and Model in Heilongjiang of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIN Yi; DONG Ling; YU Tianjiang; LI Yan; GUO Ran

    2009-01-01

    The concept and research achievements of the heterotic group and model in corn were introduced briefly. The results showed that the domestic corn germplasm could be divided into three main heterotic groups and two main heterotic models. The research on corn germplasm in Heilongjiang Province could be concluded as three main heterotic groups and three main heterotic models. Some new opinions about corn heterotic group and heterotic model in Heilongjiang Province were proposed such as Northeast group and NortheastxLancaster model.

  16. Study on Group Counseling for High School Students to Establish Good Interpersonal Relationships%团体辅导对高中生建立良好人际关系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    滕妍; 马跃; 李雪飞

    2012-01-01

    This article aims to help high school students to establish good relationships and improve the ability to adapt to the new life through the experimental study of a group counseling.Qitaihe City High School first year classes were randomly selected,group counseling,compared before and after group counseling measuring interpersonal scale,the Social Anxiety Scale and the UCLA loneliness scale analysis of the amount obtained was tried The post-test scores were lower than pretest scores,and the difference was significant.Therefore concluded that group counseling has a good role in the establishment of good relationships,resolve psychological problems,and improve the psychological quality.%本文旨在通过一项团体辅导的实验研究,帮助高中生建立良好的人际关系和提高适应新生活的能力。随机选取七台河市高中高一年级一个班学生,对其进行团体辅导,对比团体辅导前后测人际关系量表、社交焦虑量表和UCLA孤独感量表进行量的分析,得出被试的后测得分均低于前测分数,并且差异显著。因此得出结论,团体辅导在建立良好的人际关系、解决心理问题、提高心理素质等方面有良好促进作用。

  17. 建构主义视域下团体辅导在高职学生思想教育中的应用%Group Counseling in Ideological Education of Vocational College Students from the Perspective of Constructivism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李玉梅

    2014-01-01

    the constructivism theories of learning and teaching research based on the probe into group counseling of students’ ideological and political education in higher vocational .%以建构主义学习观与教学观的理论研究为依据,探讨团体心理辅导在高职学生思想政治教育中的应用与作用。

  18. Tolerance for Ambiguity in Female Clients: A Further Test of the Catharsis Model for Predicting Early Counseling Dropout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heilbrun, Alfred B., Jr.

    1982-01-01

    Female nonclient subjects showing high tolerance for ambiguity on a laboratory task were found to be lower on a validated scale of counseling readiness than low-tolerant females. Higher tolerance for ambiguity in female clients was associated with earlier departure from counseling and with less improvement. (Author)

  19. Establishing Reproductive Health Education and Counseling in Military Services: The Turkish Model for Male Involvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadettin Gungor

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Ministry of Health, Mother and Child Health and Family Planning General Directorate; Turkey Field Office of UNFPA, and Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA of Turkish Armed Forces have been conducting a program to increase male concern and participation in sexual and reproductive health in a positive and supporting way. Specialist physicians and nurses from military hospitals were trained by Ministry of Health as trainers (October 2002- September 2003 by one-week courses on interactive training skills. Primary physicians, nurses and medical petty officers were trained as field trainers and counselors (March 2003-April 2004. Training rooms with standardized training material were established in all of the military garrisons. Soldiers were given the one-day participatory course. Trained medical staff also provided individual counseling and services. All training rooms were coded and connected to Reproductive Health Network established within the Intranet of Army. Reproductive Health activities were included in the regular supervision scheme of the army. Since April 2004 740.000 soldiers were given the one-day course. A total of 4000 military medical staff was educated as Trainers. A total of 580 training rooms were established. Twenty of Military Hospitals became a center of reproductive health training and service delivery. Since large-scale intervention is necessary to reach male population, the army seems to be the best possible venue in Turkey. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2008; 7(2: 97-106

  20. Establishing Reproductive Health Education and Counseling in Military Services: The Turkish Model for Male Involvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Brigitte Albrectsen

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Ministry of Health, Mother and Child Health and Family Planning General Directorate; Turkey Field Office of UNFPA, and Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA of Turkish Armed Forces have been conducting a program to increase male concern and participation in sexual and reproductive health in a positive and supporting way. Specialist physicians and nurses from military hospitals were trained by Ministry of Health as trainers (October 2002- September 2003 by one-week courses on interactive training skills. Primary physicians, nurses and medical petty officers were trained as field trainers and counselors (March 2003-April 2004. Training rooms with standardized training material were established in all of the military garrisons. Soldiers were given the one-day participatory course. Trained medical staff also provided individual counseling and services. All training rooms were coded and connected to Reproductive Health Network established within the Intranet of Army. Reproductive Health activities were included in the regular supervision scheme of the army. Since April 2004 740.000 soldiers were given the one-day course. A total of 4000 military medical staff was educated as Trainers. A total of 580 training rooms were established. Twenty of Military Hospitals became a center of reproductive health training and service delivery. Since large-scale intervention is necessary to reach male population, the army seems to be the best possible venue in Turkey. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2008; 7(2.000: 97-106

  1. An Empirical Study of Group Counseling to Improve Time Management Disposition of Vocational College Students%团体心理辅导改善高职学生时间管理倾向的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    种明慧

    2016-01-01

    The effects of group psychological counseling on vocational college students” time management disposition are studied through experiment. 10 objectives from one vocational college were conducted both pretest and post-test by using Time Management Disposition Scale, the data were processedthen. The results showed group psychological counseling had positive effects on vocational students” time management disposition interventions. Group psychological counseling of time management serves as an effective way to improve the students” time management disposition, which can guide them in their self -management and growth.%通过实验研究探讨团体心理辅导技术改善高职学生时间管理倾向的效果。被试是10名某大专在校学生,采用时间管理倾向量表实施前后测测试,进行数据处理。研究结果表明,团体心理辅导对高职学生时间管理倾向干预有效。时间管理团体辅导是提高高职学生时间管理能力的一种有效途径,能够指导高职学生的自我管理和成长。

  2. Diversity Competent Group Work Supervision: An Application of the Supervision of Group Work Model (SGW)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okech, Jane E. Atieno; Rubel, Deborah

    2007-01-01

    This article emphasizes the need for concrete descriptions of supervision to promote diversity-competent group work and presents an application of the supervision of group work model (SGW) to this end. The SGW, a supervision model adapted from the discrimination model, is uniquely suited for promoting diversity competence in group work, since it…

  3. Diversity Competent Group Work Supervision: An Application of the Supervision of Group Work Model (SGW)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okech, Jane E. Atieno; Rubel, Deborah

    2007-01-01

    This article emphasizes the need for concrete descriptions of supervision to promote diversity-competent group work and presents an application of the supervision of group work model (SGW) to this end. The SGW, a supervision model adapted from the discrimination model, is uniquely suited for promoting diversity competence in group work, since it…

  4. The Effect of Group Psychological Counseling on Improving College Students'Interpersonal Relationship%团体心理辅导对改善大学生人际关系的效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王月琴; 李海燕

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨团体心理辅导对改善大学生人际关系的效果。方法以校园广播、网络、海报等形式招募团体成员,采用人际关系综合诊断量表和人际信任量表筛选出24名学生,配对分为实验组和对照组各12人,对实验组进行为期6周,每周1次,每次2小时的团体心理辅导。在团体心理辅导结束后,对实验组和对照组进行后测。结果前测结果显示,实验组和对照组在人际关系综合诊断量表和人际信任量表上均无显著差异;后测结果显示,实验组和对照组在人际关系综合诊断量表上存在显著差异(t=-2.99,P<0.01),人际信任量表上不存在显著差异;组内比较,实验组在人际关系综合诊断量表和人际信任量表前后测结果上均存在显著差异(t=6.97,P<0.001;t=-3.28,P<0.01),而对照组在人际关系综合诊断量表和人际信任量表前后测结果上均不存在显著差异。结论团体心理辅导是改善大学生人际关系的有效方式。%Objective To study the effect of group psychological counseling on improving college students 'interpersonal relationship . Methods Through campus radio ,internet and posters with interpersonal comprehensive diagnostic scale and interpersonal trust scale ,a total of 24 college students were selected and divided into experimental group and control group ,the experimental group was carried out , 2 hours each time of group counseling for 6 weeks,once a week.At the end of the group psychological counseling ,the experimental group and control group were tested .Results Before the group psychological counseling ,there were no significant difference on interpersonal relationship and interpersonal trust between two groups;After the group psychological counseling ,there was significant difference in inter-personal relationship between the experimental group and the control group (t =2.99,P<0.01),but no

  5. Counseling Psychology and Professional School Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, Mark

    2004-01-01

    This article provides a historical, political, and organizational analysis regarding counseling psychology's involvement in professional school counseling. Issues discussed include collaboration, curriculum and training, and professional identity, as well as the commonalities that bind counselor education/professional school counseling and…

  6. Factors for Personal Counseling among Counseling Trainees

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, J. Stephen; Shufelt, Brett

    2014-01-01

    The present study explored the use of counseling among counselor trainees and the characteristics of consumers and nonconsumers. Approximately 61% of those surveyed (n = 85) reported that they had received counseling, with the majority being mental health counseling trainees. Nonconsumers (n = 54) indicated that they coped with problems in other…

  7. Modeling Group Rapports through Tourist School Activities

    OpenAIRE

    Elena Moldovan; Răzvan Sandu ENOIU; Adriana LEIBOVICI

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the research was the evaluation of the developing social climate by determining group cohesion and affective and sympathetic inter personal relationships between the components of the experimental group bent to the tourist program done by the researcher and between the ones of the witness group that has done extracurricular tourist activities after the traditional program, in its free time and during holidays.

  8. Modeling Group Rapports through Tourist School Activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Moldovan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the research was the evaluation of the developing social climate by determining group cohesion and affective and sympathetic inter personal relationships between the components of the experimental group bent to the tourist program done by the researcher and between the ones of the witness group that has done extracurricular tourist activities after the traditional program, in its free time and during holidays.

  9. 绘画艺术介入高职院校团体心理辅导初探%Painting Involvement into the Group Mental Counseling in Higher Vocational Colleges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金鑫

    2015-01-01

    高职教育是高等教育的重要组成部分,它的快速崛起满足了素质教育发展的需要。高职院校规模的日益扩大使得学生心理问题增多,许多高职院校都开设了心理健康课程和通过开展心理咨询来解决学生的心理问题。团体心理辅导作为一种有效的预防和解决学生心理问题的方式,近年来在高职院校中应用的越来越为广泛。如何能够拓宽团体心理辅导的途径,选取更加有效管用的方式?笔者认为,可将绘画艺术疗法应用于团体心理辅导之中。%Vocational education is an important part of higher education and its rapid development meet the needs of quality ed-ucation.Increasing size of vocational colleges has caused the increasing psychological problems among students.Many higher vocational colleges have set up mental health courses and conducted mental health counseling to solve the students'psychological problems.As an effective prevention and method to solve psychological problems of students,Group counseling has found its application more and more widely in higher vocational colleges in recent years.How can widen the channels of group counseling and select a more effective way useful?The author believe that painting arts therapy can be applied to group counseling.

  10. Working with Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Joan, Ed.

    1984-01-01

    Describes nine Canadian programs for counseling groups of students. Topics include introducing computer-assisted guidance, future challenges for counselors, sociometry, sexuality, parent counseling, reluctant students, shyness, peer groups, education for living, and guidance advisory committees. (JAC)

  11. Promoting the Personal Growth and Vocational Maturity of the Re-entry Woman: A Group Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiNuzzo, Theresa M.; Tolbert, E. L.

    1981-01-01

    Examined the effects of a group counseling model on the vocational maturity, self-esteem and self-confidence, degree of conformity, personal effectiveness and integration, and perception of needs of reentry women. Short-term group career counseling was effective; counselor facilitation and mutual group support promoted positive personal change.…

  12. Higher vocational peer psychological counselors group counseling skills training strategy research%高职朋辈心理辅导员团体心理咨询技能培养的策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高庆春; 李东

    2012-01-01

    the peer counseling in higher vocational colleges has become the psychological health education process indispensable important form. Strengthen the peer psychological counselor training and guidance, and explore, effective ways, improve its operation skills, exert the function of group psychological counseling, and has important significance.%朋辈心理辅导已成为高职院校心理健康教育过程中不可或缺的重要形式。加强朋辈心理辅导员的培训与指导,探索有效途径,提高其操作技能。发挥团体心理咨询的功能,具有重要意义。

  13. The Choreography of Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, Sterling K.; Purkey, William W.

    1997-01-01

    Compares counseling to the choreography of dance. Reviews other counseling structures, such as the scientific process, and then introduces the "choreography of counseling." Claims that counseling, as in a dance performance, involves an introduction, exploration, exposition, and resolution. Offers principles and techniques for success in each of…

  14. Training Counseling Students to Work More Effectively with Short-Term Clients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatchett, Gregory

    2011-01-01

    Most clients attend only a few sessions before dropping out of counseling and, consequently, never traverse the series of stages delineated in many counseling process models. There is frequently a mismatch between the counseling process as portrayed in many counseling textbooks with the counseling process students are likely to experience when…

  15. Group Centric Information Sharing Using Hierarchical Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    Baltimore, MD, USA (June 2010 – Aug 2010). Programmer Analyst, Cognizant Technology Solutions, Chennai , India (Nov 2008 – July 2009...CollaborateCom), Crystal City , Virginia, November 11-14, 2009, pages 1-10. [3] Ravi Sandhu, Ram Krishnan, Jianwei Niu and William Winsborough, Group

  16. Group Modeling in Social Learning Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stankov, Slavomir; Glavinic, Vlado; Krpan, Divna

    2012-01-01

    Students' collaboration while learning could provide better learning environments. Collaboration assumes social interactions which occur in student groups. Social theories emphasize positive influence of such interactions on learning. In order to create an appropriate learning environment that enables social interactions, it is important to…

  17. 完善团体心理辅导在大学生思想政治教育中的功能%Improvement of group psychological counseling function in ideological and political education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于虹

    2014-01-01

    所谓团体心理辅导,是由辅导教师根据学生在成长过程中不可避免的困惑或问题,以团体动力的理论和团体心理辅导的技术为基础,依据学生的发展特点和心理成长的规律,通过开展丰富有趣的、富有教育的活动,解决和应付学生的心理困惑或问题,培养学生良好的心理素质,提高其心理机能,充分发挥其心理潜能,进而促进学生个体素质的提高和个体发展的心理辅导活动。随着高校新生数量的不断增加,及其教育背景、家庭情况的复杂化,会有越来越多的学生需要及时的心理辅导,因此拓宽心理辅导的受益面,对促进大学生心理健康教育,以及加强大学生思想政治教育有着非常重要的作用。%The so-called group psychological counseling, is by the teacher according to the students is inevitable in the process of growing up or confusions, to group dynamics theory and group counseling technology as the foundation, according to the student's development characteristics and psychological development law, through the development of rich interesting, educational activities, and deal with the students mental confusion or problems, to cultivate students' good psychological quality, improve their psychological functions, give full play to their psychological potential, psychological counseling activities and promote the improvement of students' individual quality and individual development. With the increasing number of college students, complicated and education background, family situation, there will be more and more students need timely psychological counseling, benefit from the surface thereby broaden psychological counseling, to promote the mental health education of college students, and to strengthen the ideological and political education of university students plays a very important role.

  18. An Experimental Study on Group Counseling for Improving Pupils'Social Skills%团体咨询改善小学生社会技能的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟红; 陈利君

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To improve pupils' social skills by group counseling. Methods: A total of 41 pupils (including 23 boys and 18 girls) in some class in Grade four in Liuyang Primary School were selected . By using pre-test and post-test experiment design , 12 group counsels were made. The effects is valuedby social skills rating table on popularity and acceptance. Results: hi popularity, scores after group counseling in popular group, rejected group, low accepted group and the girls are significantly higher than the before. Groups consulting effects of rjeeted group student is better than popular group's, In acceptance, Groups consulting effects of low accepted group is better than high accepted groups; In popularity, Groups consulting effects of girls is better than boys. Conclusion: The group counseling is effective on improving children's social skills; Take the class group counseling way, effect on interpersonal poor students and girls fared is more obvious.%目的:通过实验研究表明团体咨询对改善小学生社会技能方面有重要作用.方法:某小学四年级一个班作为实验组,共41人(其中男生23人,女生18人).采用前后测设计.对实验组进行十二次团体心理咨询,采用社会技能等级评定表进行前后测,以前后测结果的对照及受欢迎程度的改变值和喜欢他人程度的改变值作为效果指标.结果:在受欢迎程度上,前后测得分在受欢迎组、被拒绝组、低接纳组和女生中差异显著,被拒绝组学生团体咨询效果要优于受欢迎组的;在喜欢他人程度的改变上,低接纳组学生的团体咨询效果要优于高接纳组的;在受欢迎程度的改变上,女生的团体咨询效果要优于男生.结论:团体心理咨询对小学生社会技能的干预有效;采取班级团体心理咨询的方式,团体咨询的效果在人际关系不良的学生及女生中表现得更为明显.

  19. Dance - oriented Group Counseling Intervention on Social Anxiety in College Students%舞动心理团体辅导对大学生社交焦虑的干预

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永慧

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To explore the effect influenced by means of psychological dance - oriented group counseling intervention on college students under social anxiety .Methods :15 students who had social anxiety in a shanghai col‐lege as the experimental group ,other 15 students who had social anxiety as a reference group ,psychological dance -oriented group counseling intervention were taken on experimental group ,no intervention on reference group .Using Interaction Anxiousness Scale questionnaire (IAS )and the Rosenberg Self - Esteem Scale questionnaire (SES )to measure the score of experimental group and reference groups before and after implementing psychological dance -oriented group counseling intervention .Then using paired T test to verify the difference between previous test score and post test score .Results :The previous test score both of IAS (P > 0 .05)and SES(P > 0 .05)showed no significant difference between experimental group and reference group ,after implementing five - week psychological dance - ori‐ented group counseling intervention ,the post test score of IAS (t = ‐2 .412 ,P 0 .05)had no significant difference between experimental group and reference group .Conclusion :The psychological dance - oriented group counseling intervention has a significant positive intervention effect for social anxiety ,not for self - esteem .%目的:探讨以舞动心理为主的团体辅导对大学生社交焦虑的干预效果。方法:以上海某高校15名社交焦虑的大学生为舞动心理团体辅导组(实验组),15名同质学生作为对照组,对其社交焦虑进行舞动心理团体辅导干预。在实施舞动心理团体辅导前后采用社交焦虑量表(IAS),自尊量表(SES)进行测量并进行配对 t 检验。结果:在舞动心理团体辅导干预前,实验组与对照组量表得分对比显示,在社交焦虑量表维度上,实验组与对照组相比没有任何显著差异(P >0.05);在自尊

  20. 团体心理辅导对学业不良初中生学业求助的影响%Group Counseling for Improving Academic Help-seeking of Learning Disability Students in Junior High School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海燕

    2012-01-01

    目的:探索团体心理辅导对学业不良初中生学业求助的影响.方法:从长沙市两所中学分别选取24名和20名学业不良学生,随机分成实验组和对照组.采用实验组控制组前后测实验设计,使用学业求助态度问卷和学业求助行为问卷进行测量.结果:团体心理辅导后实验组学生的学业求助态度(P<0.001)和学业求助行为(p<0.001)有明显改善.结论:团体心理辅导能够改善学业不良初中生的学业求助态度和学业求助行为.%Objective: To explore whether group counseling could improve academic help-seeking of students with learning disability in junior high school. Methods: This study selected two middle schools in Changsha City. 24 learning disability students were selected from the first school and were randomly divided into experimental and control groups (n= 12); 20 learning disability students were selected from another school and also were randomly divided into experimental group and control group (n=10). The experimental design was pre-test and post-test in the research, and the Academic Help-seeking Attitude Questionnaire and Academic Help-seeking Behavior Questionnaire were used for psychological measurement tools. Results: ①Group counseling could improve the benefits of help-seeking(P<0.001), and il could reduce the cost of help-seeking (P<0.001). ②Croup counseling did not improve the executive help-seeking and avoidance of help-seeking, but the instrumental help-seeking of the two experimental groups had significantly improved (P<0.001). Conclusion: Group counseling could improve learning disability students' academic help-seeking attitude and academic help-seeking behavior.

  1. Beyond the Standard Model: Working group report

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Gautam Bhattacharyya; Amitava Raychaudhuri

    2000-07-01

    This report summarises the work done in the ‘Beyond the Standard Model’ working group of the Sixth Workshop on High Energy Physics Phenomenology (WHEPP-6) held at the Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai, Jan 3–15, 2000. The participants in this working group were: R Adhikari, B Ananthanarayan, K P S Balaji, Gour Bhattacharya, Gautam Bhattacharyya, Chao-Hsi Chang (Zhang), D Choudhury, Amitava Datta, Anindya Datta, Asesh K Datta, A Dighe, N Gaur, D Ghosh, A Goyal, K Kar, S F King, Anirban Kundu, U Mahanta, R N Mohapatra, B Mukhopadhyaya, S Pakvasa, P N Pandita, M K Parida, P Poulose, G Raffelt, G Rajasekaran, S Rakshit, Asim K Ray, A Raychaudhuri, S Raychaudhuri, D P Roy, P Roy, S Roy, K Sridhar and S Vempati.

  2. 团辅式教学法在高校思想政治课中的应用研究%Applied Research on Group Counseling for College Ideological and Political Education Course

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万晶晶; 祝意

    2012-01-01

    In order to improve the reliability of research results, we chose a quasi - experimental design to rest group counseling teaching effectiveness of teaching methods. In the actual teaching situation, several classes were randomly selected. These classes were set for experimental group and control group and matched group. At the same time, we used qualitative research methods to test the experimental results. The results showed that the group counseling teaching methods can significantly improve students' learning motivation.%为了考察团体辅导式教学方法在高校思政课程中的教学效果,采用准实验设计的方法,通过实验组和对照组使用不同的教学方法,在干预前后进行了施测。结果发现:团体辅导的教学法能有效提高大学生的思政课学习动机,收到了较好的教学效果。与传统教学方法而言,团体辅导式教学主要提高了学生的内部学习动机而降低了外部学习动机。

  3. Recursive renormalization group theory based subgrid modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, YE

    1991-01-01

    Advancing the knowledge and understanding of turbulence theory is addressed. Specific problems to be addressed will include studies of subgrid models to understand the effects of unresolved small scale dynamics on the large scale motion which, if successful, might substantially reduce the number of degrees of freedom that need to be computed in turbulence simulation.

  4. 团体心理辅导对大学生社交恐惧症状的影响%Effects of Group Psychological Counseling on the Social Phobia Symptoms of the College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺斌

    2015-01-01

    为通过团体心理辅导活动改善大学生的社交恐惧症状,本人对漯河医专36名大学生进行了8次系列团体辅导,在辅导前后利用青少年生活事件量表、社会支持评定量表、抑郁自评量表、焦虑自评量表、社交回避及苦恼量表和自尊量表对实验组和控制组进行前测和后测,并对两组的得分差异进行显著性检验。研究发现,团体辅导前实验组与控制组成员在社会支持评定得分、社会回避与痛苦、抑郁自评和自尊得分等方面显著性高于控制组,实验组在实验前后在社会回避及苦恼量表上的得分差异具有显著的统计学意义(P <0.01);团体心理辅导后实验组和控制组被调查者在上述量表上的得分差异均不具有统计学意义。这就意味着团体辅导可以有效改善大学生的社交恐惧状况,有利于其心理健康水平的提升。%In order to lower the social phobia level of the college students through group psychological counseling, thirty - six college students in Luohe Medical College were psychologically counseled in groups for eight times by us. Then the ASLEC,SSRS,SDS,SAS,SAD and SES were used to test the experimental group and the control group before and after the test. What’s more,the significance testing was carried out on the difference in scores of the two groups. The study found before the group psychological counseling,the scores of the experimental group are signifi-cantly higher than the control group on the aspects of social supporting rating,social avoidance and distress and self- rating depression as well as self - esteem;the difference on the scores of the social avoidance and distress scale of the experimental group is also of significant statistical significance before and after the test;after group psychological counseling,the scores of the informants in both the experimental group and the control group are not of significant statistical significance

  5. Effectiveness of a training-of-trainers model in a HIV counseling and testing program in the Caribbean Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McLaughlin Robert

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness and sustainability of a voluntary counseling and testing (VCT training program based on a training-of-trainers (TOT model in the Caribbean Region, we gathered data on the percentage of participants trained as VCT providers who were providing VCT services, and those trained as VCT trainers who were conducting VCT training. Methods The VCT training program trained 3,489 providers in VCT clinical skills and 167 in VCT training skills within a defined timeframe. An information-monitoring system tracked HIV trainings conducted, along with information about course participants and trainers. Drawing from this database, a telephone survey followed up on program-trained VCT providers; an external evaluation analyzed data on VCT trainers. Results Almost 65% of trained VCT providers could be confirmed as currently providing VCT services. This percentage did not decrease significantly with time. Of the VCT trainers, 80% became certified as trainers by teaching at least one course; of these, 66% taught more than one course. Conclusion A TOT-based training program is an effective and sustainable method for rapid scale-up of VCT services and training capacity in a large-scale VCT program.

  6. A Study of Intervention of Narrative Group Counseling on College Students' Self-identity%叙事取向团体辅导对大学生自我认同的干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵君; 李焰; 李祚

    2012-01-01

    自我认同的发展与大学生心理健康水平及其今后的社会适应关系密切。本研究用叙事取向团体辅导对大学生自我认同进行干预。结果发现,叙事治疗强调的好奇、尊重、珍惜的态度,为被试创设了安全、温暖、支持的团体氛围;外化和解构使被试与问题拉开距离,探讨问题的影响力;寻找并丰厚特殊意义事件,让被试看到自身的正向力量和资源;局外见证人团队,进一步巩固被试身上的正向力量。结论:叙事取向团体辅导是促进大学生自我认同发展的有效途径。%Self-identity is the core of the personality development of youth, which affects the lifelong developrment of individuals. Self-identity formation is an important indicator of mental health. The development of self-identity has a close relationship with college students' mental health and the adaption to the society. However, the state of self-identity of college students is not optimistic. It is necessary to look for an effective approach to improve it. In the past, the research focused on the theories about self-identity. For example, the structrues and the factors of self-identity, the relationship between self identity and personality, the relationship between self-identity and mental health. But intervention research on it was rare. The core of narrative therapy is to focus on the positive aspects of the clients' experiences and to transfer the pessimistic self-identity to positive self-identity. Also, the group couseling is popular in mental health education in universities and it is effective to promote the college students' personality. This research used narrative group counseling as an intervention approach to explore the feasibility and effectiveness of narrative-oriented group counseling for college students to improve the level of self-identity, and to find the efficacy factor of the process, also provide reference for the scholastic mental

  7. Reaction to the Major Contribution: Training for Skills Competency in Counseling Psychology--Integrating Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nutt, Roberta L.

    2011-01-01

    The authors of the Major Contribution have developed a complex and elegant three-level training model on which they suggest advanced microskills may be built. Prior to the description of their model, they have built a case that current microskills training has proved foundationally important but insufficient to training needs. They then invite…

  8. [Psychological counseling as a management of stress in work place].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kosugi, S; Otsuka, Y

    2001-05-01

    We have made psychological counseling service a part of a mental health program for 10,700 employees since 1980. Our counseling method is based on a psychological stress model and divided into three steps. The first is psychological stress survey by means of the Job Stress Scale (JSS). JSS was administered to a group of about 500 employees. The result of the JSS is reported to each employee by in-house letter. The second is a substructured interview for maladjusted employees found in JSS psychological stress reactions scores. The interviewer explains each of the JSS sub-scales such as job stressors, coping strategies, social support, and psychological stress reactions to interviewees. The last is psychological counseling. Counselees are chosen by the interviewer according to the following conditions: 1) request for counseling, 2) need for psychiatric treatment, 3) strong psychological stress reactions in spite of low job stressors, 4) signs of family problems. These four steps may decrease an employee's resistance to counseling.

  9. School Counseling Programs as Spiritual and Religious Safe Zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stloukal, Merit E.; Wickman, Scott A.

    2011-01-01

    The authors present a model for creating spiritual and religious safe zones in school counseling programs that implements the Association for Spiritual, Ethical and Religious Values in Counseling's (ASERVIC; 2009) "Competencies for Addressing Spiritual and Religious Issues in Counseling" in a school setting. The authors frame the model within the…

  10. 班级团体辅导对改善高职生人际关系的应用研究%Research on the Application of Class Group Counseling to Improve the Interpersonal Relationship of Higher Vocational Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭敏慧; 邓剑虹; 原兰兰

    2015-01-01

    In order to explore the influence of class group counseling on interpersonal communication of vo⁃cational college students, the research selected the sophomores from two different classes in the same major as the research random samples, of which one was enrolled as the experimental group to receive the class group counseling on interpersonal communication six times, the other as the control group without any intervention. The experimental group showed significant differences on College Students ’Interpersonal Comprehensive Diag⁃nostic Scale and Social Avoidance and Distress Scale after the measurement(p<0.05,p<0.001), while the con⁃trol group had no change;The experimental group and control group showed no significant differences before the measurement, but there were significant differences after the measurement(p<0.05,p<0.001). The experimental group presented more satisfaction on group effect. Therefore, the research gets the conclusion that class group counseling can improve the interpersonal communication of college students.%目的:探讨班级团体辅导对改善高职生人际关系的效果。方法:随机抽取某校大二年级同专业两个班学生,其中一个班作为实验组参加6次人际关系团体心理辅导,另一班作为对照组不做任何干预。采用前后测量表评估法和主观评估法检验班级团体辅导效果。结果:实验组在大学生人际关系综合诊断量表(CSICD)和社交回避与苦恼量表(SAD)的前后测比较中,均表现出显著差异(p<0.05,p<0.001),对照组无显著差异;在两量表前测中实验组与对照组均无显著差异,后测中均表现出显著差异(p<0.05,p<0.001)。实验组对团体效果满意度呈现上升趋势。结论:班级团体辅导对改善高职生人际关系具有促进作用。

  11. 团体心理辅导在强戒人员康复期作用的反思%Reflections on the Role of Group Psychological Counseling in the Convalescence of Drug Addicts under Compulsory ;Rehabilitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周薇

    2015-01-01

    团体心理辅导是一种非常重要的心理健康教育形式。在强制隔离戒毒场所开展戒毒人员团体心理辅导可以有效地提高戒毒人员的心理健康水平,使得心理健康教育工作开展得更加全面、高效和深入。团体心理辅导在戒毒人员心理康复工作中也越来越受到重视。文章从团体辅导实施、经验总结和建议三方面反思了我国戒毒人员团体心理辅导过程中的情况,为以后强制戒毒心瘾戒断工作的开展提供参考。%Group psychological counseling, as a very important form of psychological health education, can effectively improve the psychological health of drug addicts under compulsory reha-bilitation, which contributes to the more comprehensive, effective and further implementation of psychological health education. So group psychological counseling has received more and more at-tention in the psychological rehabilitation of drug addicts under compulsory rehabilitation. This article provides reflections on the implementation and experience of group psychological counseling in China, which supplies references to help drug addicts under compulsory rehabilitation to clear up their psychological depen-dence on drug.

  12. 精神疾病康复期大学生支持性团体辅导的实践与探索%Practice and Exploration of College Students' Supportive Group Counseling in the Rehabilitation Period of Mental Illness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍中开; 申杰飞

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore the way of psychological counseling in college students with mental illness in the college en-vironment. Methods:a 14 week period of weeks of supportive group counseling practice was performed on 6 volunteers who participated in the rehabilitation period of mental illness. Results:1 years after the end of the group found that the members of the participation in the experiment did not relapse, good social function. Conclusion:the supportive group counseling has a positive effect on the students of mental illness rehabilitation period. The researcher further discusses the work method and legal dilemma of mental health education of college students in mental illness rehabilitation period.%目的:探索精神疾病康复期大学生在高校环境下的心理辅导方式。方法:对6名自愿参与的精神疾病康复期大学生进行为期14周的支持性团体心理辅导实践。结果:团体结束后1年发现,参与实验的成员均未复发,社会功能良好。结论:支持性团体辅导对精神疾病康复期大学生具有积极的影响作用。研究者进一步对精神疾病康复期大学生心理健康教育的工作方法与法律困境进行了讨论。

  13. 团体心理咨询--大学生心理健康教育的有效途径%Group Counseling:An Effective Way to the Education of College Students’Mental Health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓彩艳; 黄奎林

    2014-01-01

    大学生的心理健康教育是素质教育的重点,团体心理咨询作为一种新的心理健康教育形式,是当今素质教育、新时期大学生思想政治教育工作和心理健康教育工作本身的需要。团体心理咨询有助于新生入学适应、深化认识自我、学习人际交往原则和技巧、合理进行情绪调节、保持心理健康水平等各方面。团体心理咨询是高校开展心理健康教育、保持大学生心理健康、培养学生健康人格的有效途径。%The education of college students’ mental health is the key of quality education, and group counseling, as a new way of mental health education, is the demands of quality education, ideological and political education as well as the mental health education itself. Group counseling is helpful for college freshmen to adapt to college life, deepen self-awareness, learn interpersonal principles and skills, adjust mood reasonably and keep mental health. Group counseling is an effective way for universities to carry out mental health education, maintain students’ mental health and cultivate their healthy personality.

  14. Group Contribution Based Process Flowsheet Synthesis, Design and Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gani, Rafiqul; d'Anterroches, Loïc

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents a process-group-contribution Method to model. simulate and synthesize a flowsheet. The process-group based representation of a flowsheet together with a process "property" model are presented. The process-group based synthesis method is developed on the basis of the computer...

  15. A Selective Review of Group Selection in High Dimensional Models

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, Jian; Ma, Shuangge

    2012-01-01

    Grouping structures arise naturally in many statistical modeling problems. Several methods have been proposed for variable selection that respect grouping structure in variables. Examples include the group LASSO and several concave group selection methods. In this article, we give a selective review of group selection concerning methodological developments, theoretical properties, and computational algorithms. We pay particular attention to group selection methods involving concave penalties. We address both group selection and bi-level selection methods. We describe several applications of these methods in nonparametric additive models, semiparametric regression, seemingly unrelated regressions, genomic data analysis and genome wide association studies. We also highlight some issues that require further study.

  16. 团体咨询在缓解艾滋病科护士工作压力中的作用%Role of Group Counseling in Alleviating Job Pressure for HIV/AIDS Nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐素荣; 石柳春; 梁桂月

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the role of group counseling in alleviating the job pressure for HIV/ AIDS nurses. Methods Using convenience sampling, 2 AIDS nursing groups in the hospital were enrolled into the study and divided into control group with the routine nursing and intervention group with monthly group counseling for 1 year. The nurse stress scale and attitude survey scale of nurses' attitude towards AIDS patient were used to evaluate each group of nurses separately. Results Significant differences were detected on the scores of nursing pressure scale and attitude survey scale of nurses' attitude towards AIDS (except for fear of occupational exposure) in the intervention group before and after the intervention and between the intervention group and the control group after the intervention(P<0. 05 or P<0.01). Conclusion Application of group counseling technology in education activities can alleviate the job pressure on AIDS nurses and change nurse's attitudes towards AIDS patients, thereby improving the quality of care.%目的 探讨团体咨询在缓解艾滋病(acquired immune deficiency syndrome,AIDS)科护士工作压力中的作用.方法 方便性抽样选取广西壮族自治区龙潭医院AIDS科中的2个护理组,一组设为常规对照组,另一组设为干预组.干预组每月运用团体咨询技术开展1次AIDS教育活动,运行1年.分别于干预前后,采用护士压力源量表和护士对AIDS患者的态度调查简表对两组护士进行测评.结果 干预组护士干预前后以及干预后与对照组比较,护士压力评分及对AIDS患者的态度(除害怕职业暴露方面外)的差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05或P<0.01).结论 运用团体咨询技术开展教育活动,能减轻AIDS科护士的工作压力,改变其对AIDS患者的态度,从而提高护理质量.

  17. Story Crafting: Strategies for Facilitating Narrative Career Counselling

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, Mary; Watson, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Narrative career counselling is a growing force in career guidance and counselling that offers a direction for the field to respond to the needs of increasingly diverse client groups. In this article, we review established and emerging approaches to narrative career counselling, then focus on the emerging story telling approach. We offer examples…

  18. Story Crafting: Strategies for Facilitating Narrative Career Counselling

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMahon, Mary; Watson, Mark

    2012-01-01

    Narrative career counselling is a growing force in career guidance and counselling that offers a direction for the field to respond to the needs of increasingly diverse client groups. In this article, we review established and emerging approaches to narrative career counselling, then focus on the emerging story telling approach. We offer examples…

  19. Group Guidance Services with Self-Regulation Technique to Improve Student Learning Motivation in Junior High School (JHS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pranoto, Hadi; Atieka, Nurul; Wihardjo, Sihadi Darmo; Wibowo, Agus; Nurlaila, Siti; Sudarmaji

    2016-01-01

    This study aims at: determining students motivation before being given a group guidance with self-regulation technique, determining students' motivation after being given a group counseling with self-regulation technique, generating a model of group counseling with self-regulation technique to improve motivation of learning, determining the…

  20. The Discussion of the Effect of Irvin D. Yalom Group Counseling Intervention for Maladaptive College Freshmen%欧文·亚隆团体咨询对适应不良大学新生的干预初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭雯

    2016-01-01

    本文从存在主义视角来理解大学新生的适应问题,并探讨存在主义的欧文·亚隆团体干预大学新生适应不良问题的适用性和效果。%In this paper, the maladaptation of college freshmen has been discussed in the perspective of existentialism, as well as the effect of Irvin D. Yalom group counseling intervention for maladaptive college freshmen.

  1. 提升大学生主观幸福感的团体心理辅导方案设计%The group counseling design that enhance college students’subjective well-being

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯媛媛

    2016-01-01

    This article from the factors influencing college students' subjective well-being, discusses how the group counseling program and improve college students' subjective well-being, to help college students enjoy a happy learning and life.%从影响大学生主观幸福感的因素入手,探讨了提升大学生主观幸福感的团体心理辅导方案,旨在帮助大学生自信快乐的学习,幸福阳光地生活。

  2. Symmetries of preon interactions modeled as a finite group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellinger, James N.

    1997-07-01

    I model preon interactions as a finite group. Treating the elements of the group as the bases of a vector space, I examine those linear mappings under which the transformed bases may be treated as members of a group isomorphic to the original. In some cases these mappings are continuous Lie groups.

  3. Symmetries of preon interactions modeled as a finite group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bellinger, J.N. [University of Wisconsin at Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

    1997-07-01

    I model preon interactions as a finite group. Treating the elements of the group as the bases of a vector space, I examine those linear mappings under which the transformed bases may be treated as members of a group isomorphic to the original. In some cases these mappings are continuous Lie groups. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

  4. School Counseling Intern Roles: Exploration of Activities and Comparison to the ASCA National Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leuwerke, Wade C.; Bruinekool, R. Matthew; Lane, Amy

    2008-01-01

    Examination of 6,556 hours of school counselor interns' activity logs provided a detailed description of roles and activities. Comparison of counselor intern activities to the ASCA (2005) National Model found consistency between responsive services at the elementary level and both responsive services and guidance curriculum at the middle school…

  5. 团体辅导在独立学院心理健康教育课程的应用探究%The Application of Group Counseling in Independent College Mental Health Education Curriculum

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈维维

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the characteristics of the psychological characteristics of independent college students in the context of the group counseling technology in Independent Colleges and universities in the appli-cation of mental health education courses. The application of group technology needs to be guided by the particularity of students, targeted for teaching process and teaching evaluation, and analyzes the problems existing in the use of group counseling technology.%本文旨在探究独立院校学生心理特点特殊性的背景下,团体辅导技术在独立院校心理健康教育课程中的应用。探讨了团体技术的运用需要以学生的特殊性为导向,有针对性的用于教学过程以及教学评估当中,并分析了团体辅导技术在使用中存在的问题。

  6. Mental health professionals' acceptance of online counseling

    OpenAIRE

    Lazuras, Lambros; Dokou, Anna

    2016-01-01

    The development of online counseling services has followed the advent on information and communication technologies. The present study assessed mental health professionals' perspectives of online counseling by using an extended version of the technology acceptance model. Participants completed anonymous structured questionnaires assessing technology acceptance-related variables, including perceived usefulness and ease of use, usage intentions, job relevance, social norms, attitudes, computer ...

  7. Futurism Plus Counseling Equals Life Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    John, Gary G.

    1979-01-01

    The principles of futurism have already affected the counseling profession. Their use in the student services sector indicates not only a new orientation, but a distinct new-model for the twenty-first century. It reveals that the counseling profession is becoming devoted to human potential, not human development. (Author)

  8. Group counseling to improve the empirical research of middle school students in academic procrastination%医学生学习拖延的团体心理辅导应用效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽; 凡孝琴; 张慧

    2014-01-01

    目的 探讨团体心理辅导对改善医学生学习拖延现状的效果,旨在降低医学生学习拖延,提高学习效率.方法 在湖北医药学院自愿参加的学生中,选取参与动机强,迫切希望改变学习拖延现状的24名学生作为研究对象,按男女比例平均随机分为实验组和对照组.其中,实验组成员接受8次团体心理辅导活动,对照组成员未进行干预,并采用学习拖延问卷对团体辅导前后2组学生的学习拖延程度做测评分析.结果 实验组和对照组前测差异无统计学意义,说明成员属于同质性被试;实验组的前后测差异显著大于对照组的前后测差异,说明团体辅导对学习拖延的干预产生了效果.为验证团体心理辅导效果的持续性,在3个月之后对成员进行追踪测验,实验组、对照组后测得分与追踪测验得分比较差异无统计学意义,即在团体心理辅导3个月后,接受团体辅导的医学生学习拖延程度未升高;对照组学习拖延状况没有发生改变.结论 在医学生中实施学习拖延团体心理辅导,能有效改善学生学习拖延现状,本次设计的学习拖延团体心理辅导方案具有有效性和可行性.%Objective To discuss the effect of group counseling for medical students in reducing academic procrastination,and explore effective means to improve learning efficiency.Methods 24 students identified as voluntary research subjects were divided into the experimental group and the control group,male and female ratio was 1:1.The experimental group received counseling activities for eight times,the control group members did not receive any intervention.This thesis took use of Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students (PASS) as an evaluation tool in before and after test and tracing test,and did the significance test,as a quantitative analysis of this study.Results The quantitative study showed that the difference between the experimental group and the control group in

  9. From constraints to opportunities? Provision of psychosocial support in portuguese oncogenetic counseling services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes, Alvaro; Sousa, Liliana; Paneque, Milena

    2013-12-01

    Although available guidelines for familial cancer risk counseling clearly state the need to provide adequate psychosocial assessments and support, this feature of care is only available in part for individuals and families in oncogenetic counseling protocols in Portugal. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychosocial aspects of oncogenetic counseling provided by a sample of Portuguese genetics professionals. We sought to ascertain perceived need for the provision of psychosocial services and ways to enhance the psychosocial focus in service delivery. A qualitative study was designed; semi-structured focus groups and individual interviews were performed with 30 professionals from Portuguese healthcare institutions where oncogenetic counseling is offered. Findings suggest: current practice is aligned with the teaching model, with a mainly information-based focus; use of psychosocial counseling techniques and psychosocial support is limited throughout the genetic counseling timeline; there is a limited workforce of adequately trained psychosocial professionals, who are disadvantaged by structural and organizational constraints. These factors are considered to be serious barriers for psychosocial delivery. Development of multidisciplinary teams working in oncogenetics, and need for further counselling skills and training for genetics healthcare professionals were identified as priorities. Implications for practice and policy are discussed. Portuguese genetic counselors who have recently completed their training, may therefore contribute to enhanced psychosocial services delivery.

  10. Benefits of Required Counseling for Counseling Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prosek, Elizabeth A.; Holm, Jessica M.; Daly, Cynthia M.

    2013-01-01

    Graduate students experience mental health distress. The authors investigated the benefits of required counseling services at a training clinic for students enrolled in counseling courses. Results indicated that after receiving services, students ("N" = 55) reported decreases in overall problems, depressive symptoms, and anxiety…

  11. Influence of group counseling on psychological coping ability of elite soldier%团体心理辅导对某部优秀骨干士兵心理应对能力的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵慧; 王艳丽; 魏晓阳; 曹卫华; 欧小云

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the influence of group counseling on psychological coping ability of elite soldier,in order to further provide the basis for the education of psychological health.Methods:50 elite soldiers were given group psychological counseling for one week.They were assessed with adolescent life event scale(ASLEC),symptom checklist 90(SCL-90),trait coping style questionnaire(TCSQ),self esteem scale(SES) and self-designed questionnaire(SSQ) before and after counseling and returning to the unit for 3 months.Results:After 1 week,compared with before the experiment,the amount of stress of the total score of SCL-90 and ASLEC were significantly decreased.Positive coping style of TCSQ and self esteem condition of SES were improved significantly.In SSQ,each had more than 2 positive experience in the physical,emotional,idea and so on.Conclusion:Group psychological counseling played a positive role in promoting the psychological coping ability of officers and soldiers,and had certain long-term effects.%目的:探讨团体心理辅导对优秀士兵心理应对能力的影响,为进一步开展有针对性的心理健康教育提供依据。方法:对某部50名优秀士兵进行为期一周的团体心理辅导,辅导前、后、及归队后3个月均采用青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)、症状自评量表(SCL-90)、特质应对方式问卷(TCSQ)、自尊量表(SES)及自编主管问卷(SSQ)进行测评。结果:1周后SCL-90总分及ASLEC的应激量较试验前有显著下降、TCSQ的积极应对方式及SES自尊状况均较1周有显著提高、小组成员SSQ每人均有2条以上的躯体、情绪、观念等方面的积极体验。结论:团体心理辅导对于促进官兵的心理应对能力具有积极的作用且有一定的长期影响。

  12. Multiple Group Analysis in Multilevel Structural Equation Model Across Level 1 Groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryu, Ehri

    2015-01-01

    This article introduces and evaluates a procedure for conducting multiple group analysis in multilevel structural equation model across Level 1 groups (MG1-MSEM; Ryu, 2014). When group membership is at Level 1, multiple group analysis raises two issues that cannot be solved by a simple extension of the standard multiple group analysis in single-level structural equation model. First, the Level 2 data are not independent between Level 1 groups. Second, the standard procedure fails to take into account the dependency between members of different Level 1 groups within the same cluster. The MG1-MSEM approach provides solutions to these problems. In MG1-MSEM, the Level 1 mean structure is necessary to represent the differences between Level 1 groups within clusters. The Level 2 model is the same regardless of Level 1 group membership. A simulation study examined the performance of MUML (Muthén's maximum likelihood) estimation in MG1-MSEM. The MG1-MSEM approach is illustrated for both a multilevel path model and a multilevel factor model using empirical data sets.

  13. Modelling and simulations of macroscopic multi-group pedestrian flow

    CERN Document Server

    Mahato, Naveen K; Tiwari, Sudarshan

    2016-01-01

    We consider a multi-group microscopic model for pedestrian flow describing the behaviour of large groups. It is based on an interacting particle system coupled to an eikonal equation. Hydrodynamic multi-group models are derived from the underlying particle system as well as scalar multi-group models. The eikonal equation is used to compute optimal paths for the pedestrians. Particle methods are used to solve the macroscopic equations. Numerical test cases are investigated and the models and, in particular, the resulting evacuation times are compared for a wide range of different parameters.

  14. WORK GROUP DEVELOPMENT MODELS – THE EVOLUTION FROM SIMPLE GROUP TO EFFECTIVE TEAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca ZOLTAN

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Currently, work teams are increasingly studied by virtue of the advantages they have compared to the work groups. But a true team does not appear overnight but must complete several steps to overcome the initial stage of its existence as a group. The question that arises is at what point a simple group is turning into an effective team. Even though the development process of group into a team is not a linear process, the models found in the literature provides a rich framework for analyzing and identifying the features which group acquires over time till it become a team in the true sense of word. Thus, in this article we propose an analysis of the main models of group development in order to point out, even in a relative manner, the stage when the simple work group becomes an effective work team.

  15. Group impressions as dynamic configurations: the tensor product model of group impression formation and change.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kashima, Y; Woolcock, J; Kashima, E S

    2000-10-01

    Group impressions are dynamic configurations. The tensor product model (TPM), a connectionist model of memory and learning, is used to describe the process of group impression formation and change, emphasizing the structured and contextualized nature of group impressions and the dynamic evolution of group impressions over time. TPM is first shown to be consistent with algebraic models of social judgment (the weighted averaging model; N. Anderson, 1981) and exemplar-based social category learning (the context model; E. R. Smith & M. A. Zárate, 1992), providing a theoretical reduction of the algebraic models to the present connectionist framework. TPM is then shown to describe a common process that underlies both formation and change of group impressions despite the often-made assumption that they constitute different psychological processes. In particular, various time-dependent properties of both group impression formation (e.g., time variability, response dependency, and order effects in impression judgments) and change (e.g., stereotype change and group accentuation) are explained, demonstrating a hidden unity beneath the diverse array of empirical findings. Implications of the model for conceptualizing stereotype formation and change are discussed.

  16. Outplacement as Transition Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirabile, Richard J.

    1985-01-01

    Describes outplacement counseling as a process that enables management to deal with the problem of the employee who must be released or the staff that must be reduced. Discusses the process of outplacement counseling, the stages of transition counseling, and techniques to be implemented. (BH)

  17. High Tech Counseling: Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Layne, Christina Mann; Hohenshil, Thomas H.

    2005-01-01

    This article includes a discussion of technology's use in counseling. It contains reviews and implications of 4 articles that appeared in the Journal of Technology in Counseling (JTC) and provides a discussion of the future of technology in the counseling profession.

  18. Outplacement as Transition Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirabile, Richard J.

    1985-01-01

    Describes outplacement counseling as a process that enables management to deal with the problem of the employee who must be released or the staff that must be reduced. Discusses the process of outplacement counseling, the stages of transition counseling, and techniques to be implemented. (BH)

  19. Multicultural genetic counseling: then, now, and in the 21st century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, V O

    2001-01-01

    Scholars, educators, and practitioners have argued that racial-cultural issues are obstacles for those seeking genetic counseling. When available, cross-cultural genetic counseling has focused on simplistic knowledge of client health beliefs and cultural customs, professional cultures, and biased theoretical models as reasons for failure to create realistic knowledge of members of racial-cultural groups in the United States. Recognizing the importance of meeting the needs for all who seek genetic counseling services, genetic counselors have been providing direction in cross-cultural genetic counseling research, practice, training, and developing competency, ethical, and professional guidelines. However, emanating from a cultural pluralism perspective, cross-cultural genetic counseling has often resulted in homogenized group stereotypes without attention to intragroup variation and individual differences. A transition from cross-cultural towards multicultural genetics shifts from culture-specific group norms to an integrated social, historical, psychological, and political perspective. By valuing the process of personal and professional racial-cultural identity development, the evolution from cross-cultural to multicultural genetic counseling that has occurred within the past quarter century is discussed.

  20. Health Belief Model Theory Application on Voluntary Counseling and Testing among Homosexual Men in Bandung Greater Area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Argya Nareswara

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: The number of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV cases is high and is constantly increasing. Homosexual men as a transmission niche is not only significant in terms of numbers, but also in natural aspects of anal sex, tropism of HIV-1, and high-risk behavior. Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT is important for accelerating diagnosis and management plan; yet the uptake on high-risk population in Indonesia is low. A behavior-reasoning theory, Health Belief Model (HBM, attempts to explain whether or not individuals engage in certain health behavior. This study tries to assess participation rate of VCT, to portray HBM variables perception, and to depict significance of HBM variables towards VCT uptake or VCT intention. Methods: This study was conducted in October-November 2014 using cross-sectional design; 127 respondents were gathered according to Respondent Driven Snowball Sampling. This study used an internet-based questionnaire derived from Champion’s 1984 mammogram HBM questionnaire. Privacy and compensation were obtained. The Chi square test and logistic regression of HBM variables were done. Results: The VCT uptake was low (15.7%. Certain sexual experience and commitment were significant (Commitment to Men p=0.027, Oral Sex experience with men p=0.001, Anal Sex Experience with men p=0.038. Chi Square test revealed significance on Perceived Susceptibility, Perceived Benefit, and Cues to Action. Conclusions: Uptake of VCT is considerably low compared with total high risk population and other similar studies. Personal Susceptibility to HIV/AIDS is recommended to be emphasized; while VCT Benefit and Cues to Action in young homosexual men communities are better encouraged.

  1. [Needs and quality of counseling in long-term care : User perspective on counseling services in Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englert, N; Oetting-Roß, C; Büscher, A

    2017-01-13

    A wide range of counseling services with a variety of counseling purposes have been established in Germany to support care recipients and their relatives; however, there is a lack of quality criteria that are based on the counseling needs from the user's perspective. To summarize empirical knowledge on counseling needs and quality of counseling services from the user perspective and identification of counseling-specific understanding of users. A literature search was conducted in the databases CareLit®, LIVIVO and SpringerLink with additional online research via Google and MetaGer. Analysis of the literature and discussion on the state of research. A trustful relationship between counselor and user as well as the orientation to the user's individual situation are key elements of counseling that have been found helpful; however, a differentiated view of the diverse user groups and counseling purposes is lacking. In order to include the user's perspective in conceptual approaches for counseling and to define user-generated quality criteria, further scientific research is needed regarding the counseling needs of different user groups. Consideration must be given to particular care situations that involve various counseling purposes. Particularly vulnerable groups need special support in working out their counseling needs.

  2. CYBER COUNSELING ASSISTED WITH FACEBOOK TO REDUCE ONLINE GAME ADDICTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hardi Prasetiawan

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Cyber counseling is divided into various shapes, one form is the use of facebook. Guidance and counseling teacher in schools can implement the cyber counseling assited with facebook to reduce online game addiction the students who are more likely to prefer to communicate by text relationship, and students who do not feel comfortable with counseling services by face to face. Problems of children who are addicted Online Games at school require a relief to effort with Group Counseling assited with facebook services for addressing and alleviating the problems experienced, both personal and social through cyber counseling. The positive impact of service delivery cyber counseling assited with facebook is not out of the role from well counselors as providers to service with the active role of students while finding information on social media like Facebook, so socializing continually needs to be implemented furtherKeyword : Cyber Counseling, Facebook, Online Game Addiction

  3. 团体心理辅导引入普通高校体育选项课教学中的理论研究%The Introduction of College Counseling Group in Physical Education Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李芙蓉; 吴新炎

    2011-01-01

    随着对大学生心理健康教育的重视程度加剧,团体心理辅导也越来越受到教育工作者的重视,而团体心理辅导的优势也凸显出来,通过查阅大量的文献资料和结合教育实践,认为把团体心理辅导引入到普通高校的体育选项课教学中是可行的,可以更高更有效的为学生提供心理健康服务,让更多的学生从中受益。%With the increasing attention on mental health education of college students,group counseling is also paid more and more the attention by educators,and the advantages of group counseling are also prominent.Through making literature review and combining wi

  4. The effectiveness of computer information technology in psychological health education course group counseling in%计算机信息技术在心理健康教育课程团体辅导中的实效性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭妮妮

    2014-01-01

    为了促进社会和人类的健康发展,开展心理健康教育具有重要的意义。而作为团体辅导心理健康教育,面向的人群数量较多,为了有效的提升实效性,将现代化计算机信息技术引入教学过程中,使之与心理健康教育课程团体辅导进行有机的整合,使教学具有高效性和生动性,同时促进学生心理品质的提升。%In order to promote the healthy development of society and human beings,is of great significance to carry out mental health education.As the group counseling and mental health education,the number of people oriented,in order to effectively enhance the effectiveness,the modern computer information technology into the teaching process,to carry out the integration of mental health education curriculum group counseling,make the teaching is efficient and vivid,and to promote the students'psychological quality.

  5. Design and Implementation of Group Counseling for Vocational College Students in Career Decision-making%高职生生涯决策班级心理辅导设计与操作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张冬梅

    2013-01-01

    Not only complicated psychological status and actions, but also relevant knowledge and ability is re-quired for career decision-making. Group counseling is helpful for the cultivation as well as improvement of deci-sion-making ability of vocational college students. Group counseling could be conducted in the following aspects:individual career and trait, work and life balance, social change and career transformation, career decision-making skills.%  生涯决策不仅涉及复杂的心理历程与行动,个人还需要拥有相关的知识与决策技术,具备决策能力。班级心理辅导有利于培养与发展高职生的生涯决策能力。辅导内容包括:工作与生活角色平衡辅导、个人生涯历程及特质辅导、社会变迁与生涯应变辅导;生涯决策技术辅导。

  6. 论大学生职业生涯规划团体心理辅导技术的应用%Application of the university student career planning group psychological counseling techniques

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周云; 李海黔; 李黛; 罗辑

    2013-01-01

      大学生职业生涯规划是大学生就业辅导的一项重要内容,对大学生在正确自我认知的基础上确定自身发展方向有着非常重要的意义。在大学生职业生涯规划中应用团体心理辅导技术能达到事半功倍的效果,构建一个好的团体心理辅导方案能有效的指导大学生进行职业生涯规划。%The university student career planning is an important content of the employment guidance of college students, for students based on proper self-perception. Determine its development direction has a very important significance.Application of group psychological counseling techniques in college student career planning can achieve twice the result with half the effort, building a good group psychological counseling scheme can guide students to effectively carry out the occupation career planning.

  7. Research on Group Drawing Counseling for Self-concept of Undergraduate%团体绘画心理辅导在完善大学生自我概念中的作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雒力静; 李春报; 周爱保; 杨娟; 何随福

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Self-concept is an important indicator of mental health of undergraduates. Group drawing counseling is an significant method to help college students improve their self-concepts. Methods: The study recruited 53 college students as subjects of the group for a period of 2 months, a total of seven units of the group drawing therapy. The group was tested and retested by Tennessee Self Concept Scale. Results: Group members in the family self, self-satisfaction, moral and ethical self, psychological self, social self, self-identification factors have greatly improved. Conclusion:Group drawing counseling could help undergraduate improve their self-concepts.%目的:探讨团体绘画心理辅导对帮助大学生完善自我概念的作用.方法:招募53名大学生作为团体成员,进行为期2个月,共7个单元的团体绘画心理辅导.辅导前后采用田纳西自我概念量表对团体成员进行对比测试.结果:团体成员在家庭自我(FA)、自我满意(SA),道德自我(ME)、心理自我(PER)、社会自我(SO)、自我认同(ID)等六个因子有显著提高.结论:团体绘画心理辅导帮助大学生完善自我概念是有效的.

  8. A Narrative Therapy Approach to Counseling: A Model for Working with Adolescents and Adults with Language-Literacy Deficits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolter, Julie A.; Dilollo, Anthony; Apel, Kenn

    2006-01-01

    PURPOSE: Remediation efforts with adolescents and adults with language-literacy deficits (LLD) may be hindered by concomitant factors such as decreased self-esteem and self-efficacy. Despite sound linguistically based remediation practices, treatment lacking integrated counseling components may fail to achieve optimal outcomes. In this tutorial,…

  9. The Role of Ethnic Identity, Gender Roles, and Multicultural Training in College Counselors' Multicultural Counseling Competence: A Mediation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Ruth Chu-Lien; Nath, Sanjay R.

    2011-01-01

    Increasing diversity on college campuses combined with economic globalization challenge colleges and universities to prepare their students to thrive in a diverse society. There are mixed effects from increasing diversity on campuses. Thus, providing multiculturally competent counseling is a necessary and indispensable prerequisite for college…

  10. The Role of Ethnic Identity, Gender Roles, and Multicultural Training in College Counselors' Multicultural Counseling Competence: A Mediation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chao, Ruth Chu-Lien; Nath, Sanjay R.

    2011-01-01

    Increasing diversity on college campuses combined with economic globalization challenge colleges and universities to prepare their students to thrive in a diverse society. There are mixed effects from increasing diversity on campuses. Thus, providing multiculturally competent counseling is a necessary and indispensable prerequisite for college…

  11. The Influence of a Career Pathways Model and Career Counseling on Students' Career and Academic Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stipanovic, Natalie; Stringfield, Sam; Witherell, Eric

    2017-01-01

    This qualitative study examines the effects of career pathways programming and targeted career counseling services on 71 high school seniors across seven schools engaged in school reforms funded through South Carolina's Education and Economic Development Act (EEDA). EEDA is a statewide, multipronged effort to improve academic achievement,…

  12. Does the Model Matter? The Relationship between Science-Practice Emphasis and Outcomes in Academic Training Programs in Counseling Psychology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neimeyer, Greg J.; Saferstein, Jocelyn; Rice, Kenneth G.

    2005-01-01

    The emphasis on the commitment to science and practice varies among counseling psychology training programs, and this article reports two studies that examine whether these different emphases are linked to distinctive outcomes. Study 1 examined outcomes related to students and faculty within science-oriented, balanced science-practice, and…

  13. Using Values Clarification in Counseling Settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glaser, Barbara; Kirschenbaum, Howard

    1980-01-01

    Counselors have found values clarification useful in individual and group counseling and in personalized instruction. The counselor can take advantage of values clarification for personal and professional growth. Other techniques for values discrimination are presented in a commentary. (Author)

  14. Counseling in teacher education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mølgaard, Dorthe Busk

    2015-01-01

    Counseling is about supporting and challenging students in making decisions, being adaptive, seeing opportunities and acquiring self-knowledge. Literaturesearch of articles about counseling research in nordic teacher education 2008-2013 shows no results. We started a participant-orientated pilotp......Counseling is about supporting and challenging students in making decisions, being adaptive, seeing opportunities and acquiring self-knowledge. Literaturesearch of articles about counseling research in nordic teacher education 2008-2013 shows no results. We started a participant...... decisions, while one experience the opposite. 10 students perceive the counseling as guiding and broaching of new perspectives. The results show nothing about abilities to adapt or increased self-knowledge....

  15. Primer on genetic counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahn, Susan Estabrooks

    2011-04-01

    Once limited to rare mendelian disorders, genetic counseling is playing an ever-increasing role in the multidisciplinary approach to predicting, diagnosing, and managing neurologic disease. However, genetic counseling services may not be optimized because of lack of availability and lack of knowledge regarding when it is appropriate to refer, what occurs in genetic counseling, and how genetic counseling can affect care. These issues are addressed in this article, along with corresponding clinical scenarios. Websites to find genetic counseling services and resources are also provided.

  16. Intelligence and Personal Influence in Groups: Four Nonlinear Models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonton, Dean Keith

    1985-01-01

    Four models are developed to provide a conceptual basis for a curvilinear relation between intelligence and an individual's influence over group members. The models deal with influence and percentile placement in intelligence, comprehension by potential followers, vulnerability to rival intellects, and correlation between mean group IQ and the…

  17. The LGBTQ Responsive Model for Supervision of Group Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodrich, Kristopher M.; Luke, Melissa

    2011-01-01

    Although supervision of group work has been linked to the development of multicultural and social justice competencies, there are no models for supervision of group work specifically designed to address the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) persons. This manuscript presents the LGBTQ Responsive Model for…

  18. The LGBTQ Responsive Model for Supervision of Group Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodrich, Kristopher M.; Luke, Melissa

    2011-01-01

    Although supervision of group work has been linked to the development of multicultural and social justice competencies, there are no models for supervision of group work specifically designed to address the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) persons. This manuscript presents the LGBTQ Responsive Model for…

  19. The Punctuated-Tuckman: Towards a New Group Development Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurt, Andrew C.; Trombley, Sarah M.

    2007-01-01

    Two commonly accepted theories of group development are the Tuckman model (Tuckman & Jensen, 1977) and the Punctuated-Equilibrium model (Gersick, 1988). Critiques of both are that they assume linear development and that they fail to account for outside influences. In contrast, Tubbs (2004) suggests that group development should be viewed from a…

  20. Working group report: Flavor physics and model building

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M K Parida; Nita Sinha; B Adhikary; B Allanach; A Alok; K S Babu; B Brahmachari; D Choudhury; E J Chun; P K Das; A Ghosal; D Hitlin; W S Hou; S Kumar; H N Li; E Ma; S K Majee; G Majumdar; B Mishra; G Mohanty; S Nandi; H Pas; M K Parida; S D Rindani; J P Saha; N Sahu; Y Sakai; S Sen; C Sharma; C D Sharma; S Shalgar; N N Singh; S Uma Sankar; N Sinha; R Sinha; F Simonetto; R Srikanth; R Vaidya

    2006-11-01

    This is the report of flavor physics and model building working group at WHEPP-9. While activities in flavor physics have been mainly focused on -physics, those in model building have been primarily devoted to neutrino physics. We present summary of working group discussions carried out during the workshop in the above fields, and also briefly review the progress made in some projects subsequently

  1. Exercise on prescription: a randomized study on the effect of counseling vs counseling and supervised exercise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jes Bak; Kragstrup, J; Skovgaard, T

    2008-01-01

    (counseling) using maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)) as the primary outcome. The study was conducted as a randomized trial in 2005-2006 with a high and a low-intensive group. All the patients referred to the EoP scheme by their GP in the counties of Vejle and Ribe, Denmark, were eligible for the trial....... The high-intensive EoP group received 4 months of group-based supervised training and attended five motivational counseling sessions. The low-intensive group only attended four motivational counseling sessions. Three hundred and twenty-seven patients entered the EoP scheme, and 52 (16%) volunteered...

  2. Investigating Facebook Groups through a Random Graph Model

    OpenAIRE

    Dinithi Pallegedara; Lei Pan

    2014-01-01

    Facebook disseminates messages for billions of users everyday. Though there are log files stored on central servers, law enforcement agencies outside of the U.S. cannot easily acquire server log files from Facebook. This work models Facebook user groups by using a random graph model. Our aim is to facilitate detectives quickly estimating the size of a Facebook group with which a suspect is involved. We estimate this group size according to the number of immediate friends and the number of ext...

  3. Dynamics of two-group conflicts: A statistical physics model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diep, H. T.; Kaufman, Miron; Kaufman, Sanda

    2017-03-01

    We propose a "social physics" model for two-group conflict. We consider two disputing groups. Each individual i in each of the two groups has a preference si regarding the way in which the conflict should be resolved. The individual preferences span a range between + M (prone to protracted conflict) and - M (prone to settle the conflict). The noise in this system is quantified by a "social temperature". Individuals interact within their group and with individuals of the other group. A pair of individuals (i , j) within a group contributes -si ∗sj to the energy. The inter-group energy of individual i is taken to be proportional to the product between si and the mean value of the preferences from the other group's members. We consider an equivalent-neighbor Renyi-Erdos network where everyone interacts with everyone. We present some examples of conflicts that may be described with this model.

  4. Group counseling for nursing students before negative psychological impact on employment%团体心理咨询对实习护生就业前负性心理的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖红珍; 卢志坚; 黄萍; 杨素芬; 吴国友; 叶颜凤; 张月嫦

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the group counseling on employment in nursing students before negative psy ‐chological effects . Methods Selected of 120 name internship nursing born random is divided into group and con‐trol group ,each 60 name ,group into homes internship hou application groups psychological advisory of method for training ,control group not for groups psychological advisory training ;two group are used depression since assess‐ment volume table (SDS ) ,and anxiety since assessment volume table (SAS ) and self‐confidence volume table (SES) ,on internship nursing born in for groups psychological advisory qian and groups psychological advisory training ended hou each evaluation once ,then for compared analysis . Results Study group after group counseling nursing students SDS and SAS test scores significantly lower than control group ,appeared negative psychological (SDS and SAS) significantly reduced the number of cases compared with the control group ,there was a statistically significant difference(P< 0.05) ;student practical nurses in the experimental group improved self‐confidence evalu‐ation scores than the control group ,there was a statistically significant difference (P< 0.05) . Conclusion Group counseling can effectively mitigate the negative psychology of probationer employment (anxiety and depression) and lack of self‐confidence ,improve the self‐esteem of nursing students for future employment .%目的:探讨团体心理咨询对实习护生就业前负性心理的影响。方法将120名实习护生随机分为观察组和对照组各60名 ,观察组进院实习后应用团体心理咨询的方法进行训练,对照组不进行团体心理咨询训练。两组均采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)和自信心量表(SES)对实习护生在心理咨询前与团体心理咨询训练结束后各测评1次,并进行对比分析。结果观察组实习护生进行团体心理咨询后 SDS

  5. Acceptability of HIV/AIDS Counseling and Testing among Premarital Couples in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Zunyou; Rou, Keming; Xu, Chen; Lou, Wei; Detels, Roger

    2005-01-01

    Premarital counseling is required for couples wishing to be married in China. The counseling primarily provides information about contraception. We evaluated adding premarital HIV/AIDS counseling and voluntary HIV testing to the standard counseling. The test was offered free to one group and at the standard cost to the other. The proportion of…

  6. Group size, grooming and fission in primates: a modeling approach based on group structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sueur, Cédric; Deneubourg, Jean-Louis; Petit, Odile; Couzin, Iain D

    2011-03-21

    In social animals, fission is a common mode of group proliferation and dispersion and may be affected by genetic or other social factors. Sociality implies preserving relationships between group members. An increase in group size and/or in competition for food within the group can result in decrease certain social interactions between members, and the group may split irreversibly as a consequence. One individual may try to maintain bonds with a maximum of group members in order to keep group cohesion, i.e. proximity and stable relationships. However, this strategy needs time and time is often limited. In addition, previous studies have shown that whatever the group size, an individual interacts only with certain grooming partners. There, we develop a computational model to assess how dynamics of group cohesion are related to group size and to the structure of grooming relationships. Groups' sizes after simulated fission are compared to observed sizes of 40 groups of primates. Results showed that the relationship between grooming time and group size is dependent on how each individual attributes grooming time to its social partners, i.e. grooming a few number of preferred partners or grooming equally or not all partners. The number of partners seemed to be more important for the group cohesion than the grooming time itself. This structural constraint has important consequences on group sociality, as it gives the possibility of competition for grooming partners, attraction for high-ranking individuals as found in primates' groups. It could, however, also have implications when considering the cognitive capacities of primates.

  7. How the group affects the mind : A cognitive model of idea generation in groups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijstad, Bernard A.; Stroebe, Wolfgang

    2006-01-01

    A model called search for ideas in associative memory (SIAM) is proposed to account for various research findings in the area of group idea generation. The model assumes that idea generation is a repeated search for ideas in associative memory, which proceeds in 2 stages (knowledge activation and id

  8. Effects of Group Training Based on the Health Belief Model on Knowledge and Behavior Regarding the Pap Smear Test in Iranian Women: a Quasi-Experimental Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shobeiri, Fatemeh; Javad, Masoumeh Taravati; Parsa, Parisa; Roshanaei, Ghodratollah

    2016-01-01

    The Pap smear test is recommended for early diagnosis of cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge and behavior regarding the Pap smear test based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) in women referred to premarital counseling classes, Hamadan, Iran. This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 330 women, who were allocated randomly to two case and control groups (n=165). Two educational session classes were performed in the case group. Two stages in before and after intervention groups were evaluated. Analysis of data was performed by SPSS/16.0, using t-test, x2, and McNemar's test. P-values screening.

  9. Effect of Imagery Communication Psychotherapy-based Group Counseling on Self-concept in College Students%意象对话取向团体辅导对大学生自我概念的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭阳; 林静; 杨琴

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To explore the effect of imagery communication psychotherapy-based group counseling on self-concept in college students. Methods: 40 college students were randomly assigned to an experimental group and a control group. The students in the experimental group participated a 10-week group intervention program. Tennessee Self-concept Scale was administered to the two groups before and after the program. Results: Compared with pre-training, the experi-mental group's score of self-criticism was significantly decreased, and the scores of psychological me, social self, self-ac-tion, self-concept were significantly increased; the experimental group' s score of self-criticism was significantly lower than that in the control group, the scores of psychological me, self-concept were significantly higher than those in the control group. Imagery analysis and self-report of college students also showed the experiment was effective. Conclusion: Im-agery communication psychotherapy-based group counseling has obvious effects on college student's self-concept.%目的:探讨意象对话取向团体辅导对大学生自我概念的影响.方法:将40名有改变自我意愿的大学生随机分成实验组与控制组(各20人,每组男女各半),实验组接受为期10周的意象对话取向团体辅导,控制组不进行实验处理.辅导前后分别进行田纳西自我概念量表评估.结果:实验组在辅导后的自我批评得分显著下降,心理自我、社会自我、自我行动、自我认同得分均显著提高.辅导后,实验组自我批评得分显著低于控制组得分,心理自我、自我认同显著高于控制组得分.意象分析及自我报告也显示实验有效.结论:意象对话取向团体辅导对改善大学生自我概念有显著作用.

  10. Integrating group counseling, cell phone messaging, and participant-generated songs and dramas into a microcredit program increases Nigerian women's adherence to international breastfeeding recommendations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flax, Valerie L; Negerie, Mekebeb; Ibrahim, Alawiyatu Usman; Leatherman, Sheila; Daza, Eric J; Bentley, Margaret E

    2014-07-01

    In northern Nigeria, interventions are urgently needed to narrow the large gap between international breastfeeding recommendations and actual breastfeeding practices. Studies of integrated microcredit and community health interventions documented success in modifying health behaviors but typically had uncontrolled designs. We conducted a cluster-randomized controlled trial in Bauchi State, Nigeria, with the aim of increasing early breastfeeding initiation and exclusive breastfeeding among female microcredit clients. The intervention had 3 components. Trained credit officers led monthly breastfeeding learning sessions during regularly scheduled microcredit meetings for 10 mo. Text and voice messages were sent out weekly to a cell phone provided to small groups of microcredit clients (5-7 women). The small groups prepared songs or dramas about the messages and presented them at the monthly microcredit meetings. The control arm continued with the regular microcredit program. Randomization occurred at the level of the monthly meeting groups. Pregnant clients were recruited at baseline and interviewed again when their infants were aged ≥6 mo. Logistic regression models accounting for clustering were used to estimate the odds of performing recommended behaviors. Among the clients who completed the final survey (n = 390), the odds of exclusive breastfeeding to 6 mo (OR: 2.4; 95% CI: 1.4, 4.0) and timely breastfeeding initiation (OR: 2.6; 95% CI: 1.6, 4.1) were increased in the intervention vs. control arm. Delayed introduction of water explained most of the increase in exclusive breastfeeding among clients receiving the intervention. In conclusion, a breastfeeding promotion intervention integrated into microcredit increased the likelihood that women adopted recommended breastfeeding practices. This intervention could be scaled up in Nigeria, where local organizations provide microcredit to >500,000 clients. Furthermore, the intervention could be adopted more widely

  11. Architecture Models and Data Flows in Local and Group Datawarehouses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogza, R. M.; Zaharie, Dorin; Avasilcai, Silvia; Bacali, Laura

    Architecture models and possible data flows for local and group datawarehouses are presented, together with some data processing models. The architecture models consists of several layers and the data flow between them. The choosen architecture of a datawarehouse depends on the data type and volumes from the source data, and inflences the analysis, data mining and reports done upon the data from DWH.

  12. Dynamics of group knowledge production in facilitated modelling workshops

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tavella, Elena; Franco, L. Alberto

    2015-01-01

    The term ‘facilitated modelling’ is used in the literature to characterise an approach to structuring problems, developing options and evaluating decisions by groups working in a model-supported workshop environment, and assisted by a facilitator. The approach involves an interactive process...... by which models are jointly developed with group members interacting face-to-face, with or without computer support. The models produced are used to inform negotiations about the nature of the issues faced by the group, and how to address them. While the facilitated modelling literature is impressive...... the form of three distinct group knowledge production patterns: generative, collaborative and assertive. Further, each pattern is characterised by a particular mix of communicative behaviours and model-supported interactions that has implications for the creation of new knowledge within the workshop. Our...

  13. Two Models for Semi-Supervised Terrorist Group Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozgul, Fatih; Erdem, Zeki; Bowerman, Chris

    Since discovery of organization structure of offender groups leads the investigation to terrorist cells or organized crime groups, detecting covert networks from crime data are important to crime investigation. Two models, GDM and OGDM, which are based on another representation model - OGRM are developed and tested on nine terrorist groups. GDM, which is basically depending on police arrest data and “caught together” information and OGDM, which uses a feature matching on year-wise offender components from arrest and demographics data, performed well on terrorist groups, but OGDM produced high precision with low recall values. OGDM uses a terror crime modus operandi ontology which enabled matching of similar crimes.

  14. 团体心理辅导在高校资助育人中的作用%The Role of Group Psychological Counseling in University Funding for Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛伟丽

    2016-01-01

    高校资助育人过程当中面临的一个重要问题就是贫困生的心理问题,很多贫困生存在着自卑、焦虑等不良情绪,严重影响正常交往活动,并且不善于进行人际沟通。本文简要介绍高校贫困生的常见心理问题,并探讨团队心理辅导在解决这些心理问题,充分发挥资助育人体系作用过程当中的价值。%An important issue in University funding education process is facing psychological problems of poor students, many poor living in the self-esteem, anxiety and other negative emotions, seriously affect the normal exchanges, and not good man-machine communication. This article briefly describes common psychological problems of poor students of colleges and universities, and to explore the counseling team in solving these psychological problems, give full play to the role of the fin-ancing system of education process value.

  15. Patient-guided counseling in the community pharmacy setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnett, C W; Nykamp, D; Ellington, A M

    2000-01-01

    To test a new prescription counseling method termed "patient-guided counseling" (PGC) in community pharmacies. Post-test experimental design in which subjects were randomized to three groups. Six community pharmacies (three chain and three independent). Patients presenting new prescriptions. Patients were randomly assigned to one of three comparison groups. The PGC group was given a written prompt instructing them to write any questions they wished to ask about their prescription or their medical condition. The pharmacist then incorporated these questions into the subsequent verbal counseling. A second group was given a written prompt encouraging them to ask the pharmacist questions. This was followed by customary verbal counseling. A third group served as the control. No prompts were provided, but the pharmacist did provide customary verbal counseling. Patients' demographics, recall of medication information, and satisfaction with counseling. Patients were contacted by telephone 5 days after the start of drug therapy to measure compliance. Pharmacists rated their satisfaction with the information communicated and with their interactions with patients. Compared with customary verbal counseling, the PGC method was associated with more supplemental questions asked by the patient. Compared with the other two methods, PGC was associated with greater pharmacist satisfaction with the information communicated and slightly longer counseling sessions. No significant differences were found for patients' overall satisfaction with counseling, recall of information, and compliance. In the community pharmacy setting, PGC fosters patient participation in medication counseling, a necessary element for the provision of pharmaceutical care.

  16. On the Application of Group Counseling in Improving Poverty-Stricken Students' Interpersonal Relationship:Taking Hu'nan Vocational Institute of Technology for an Example%团体辅导在改善高职贫困生人际关系中的应用——以湖南理工职院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓玲; 洪丕庆; 罗美霞

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨团体辅导改善贫困生人际关系的效果;方法:通过推荐招募的方式,以32名贫困生作为实验组,32名同质学生作为对照组,实验组运用团体辅导的方法,进行6次辅导,采用人际关系综合诊断量表在辅导前后分别对两组进行评定;结果:团体辅导前实验组与对照组得分无显著性差异,辅导后得分有显著性差异,常态学习下的对照组在各量表下的得分的差异均未达到显著性;结论:团体辅导能有效改善贫困大学生的人际关系。%Objective:To investigate the effect of group counseling in improving poor students interpersonal relationship;method:through recommendation method,32 poverty-stricken students were chosen as an experimental group,and 32 homogeneous students served as a control group.The experiment adopted group counseling method to counsel 6 times with compre-hensive diagnostic scale;results:before group counseling,the experimental group and the control group had no significant difference,while after counseling,the scores have significant differences;conclusion:group counseling can improve the impoverished college students' interpersonal relationship.

  17. Multicultural Group Work: A Force for Developing and Healing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Donald

    2007-01-01

    Multicultural group work represents a powerful tool for helping and healing in the context of human diversity. This article summarizes multicultural group work, including task, psychoeducational, counseling, and psychotherapy groups, and describes a group work model for multicultural assessment, diagnosis, and treatment planning. Group work…

  18. 团体心理辅导技术在职业核心能力培养中的应用%The Application of Group Counseling Techniques in The Professional Core Ability Training

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵娟

    2016-01-01

    Professional core ability refers to the basic ability except post professional ability of people in the professional career , which has universal applicability and wide range of mobility , and it is accompanied by a lifelong ability of sustainable development .The appli-cation of group psychological counseling to the cultivation of professional core competence has a strong feasibility .In the process of the cultivation of professional core ability , role play, group games, and a variety of group counseling technology can be used to change the traditional view of students and education , and to promote the students'consciousness , so as to improve the effect of teaching .%职业核心能力指人们职业生涯中岗位专业能力之外的基本能力,具有普遍的适用性和广泛的可迁移性,是伴随人终生的可持续发展的能力。将团体心理咨询技术应用到职业核心能力培养中具有较强的可行性。在职业核心能力培养过程中,可以通过角色扮演、团体游戏等多种团体心理辅导技术,改变传统学生观、教育观,促进学生自觉领悟,从而提高教育教学效果。

  19. 高校班级团体辅导中集体心理的转型与共振%The Transition and Resonance of Collective Psychology in University Class Group Counseling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴玉兰

    2016-01-01

    The class group counseling regards the class as the group situation, optimize class dynamic and op-timize interactive way and urge individuals to adjust and correct their thoughts and feelings, eventually, it o-vercomes the binary class psychological structure which is the fragmentation between individual and collective psychological and the the cohesion of psychological structure to promote personal development and class collec-tive goals’ realizing. So constructing the interaction between counselors and students, breaking the rigid class structure, integrating different fields in the context of habits, reducing conflict of the collective psychological, shaping rules of class group counseling and avoiding the reverse evolution in the condition of collective psycho-logical are necessary.%高校班级团体辅导以班级为团体情境,优化班级互动方式,促使班级个体在情感和思维上持续调整、修正,从而克服班级二元性心理结构,即个体与集体的心理割裂,塑成一体性心理结构,促进学生个性发展和班级集体目标的共同实现。因此,需要构建优化辅导员与学生及学生之间的互动关系,打破僵化的班集体心理结构;整合不同场域背景下的惯习,降低班集体心理冲突;塑成班级团体辅导规则,避免集体心理条件下的反向演进。

  20. Dynamical real space renormalization group applied to sandpile models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivashkevich, E V; Povolotsky, A M; Vespignani, A; Zapperi, S

    1999-08-01

    A general framework for the renormalization group analysis of self-organized critical sandpile models is formulated. The usual real space renormalization scheme for lattice models when applied to nonequilibrium dynamical models must be supplemented by feedback relations coming from the stationarity conditions. On the basis of these ideas the dynamically driven renormalization group is applied to describe the boundary and bulk critical behavior of sandpile models. A detailed description of the branching nature of sandpile avalanches is given in terms of the generating functions of the underlying branching process.

  1. Nonlinear Reynolds stress models and the renormalization group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubinstein, Robert; Barton, J. Michael

    1990-01-01

    The renormalization group is applied to derive a nonlinear algebraic Reynolds stress model of anisotropic turbulence in which the Reynolds stresses are quadratic functions of the mean velocity gradients. The model results from a perturbation expansion that is truncated systematically at second order with subsequent terms contributing no further information. The resulting turbulence model applied to both low and high Reynolds number flows without requiring wall functions or ad hoc modifications of the equations. All constants are derived from the renormalization group procedure; no adjustable constants arise. The model permits inequality of the Reynolds normal stresses, a necessary condition for calculating turbulence-driven secondary flows in noncircular ducts.

  2. Structural-Strategic Family Counseling: A Case Study in Elementary School Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Keith M.

    2001-01-01

    Provides an overview for understanding the application of a structural-strategic family counseling model to school-based family counseling. Presents examples from a case study with a six-year-old boy experiencing behavior problems in school, which occurred as problems escalated between his mother and grandmother. Several implications are discussed…

  3. An Exploratory Investigation of the Counseling Competencies Scale: A Measure of Counseling Skills, Dispositions, and Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swank, Jacqueline M.; Lambie, Glenn W.; Witta, E. Lea

    2012-01-01

    The authors examined the psychometric properties of the Counseling Competencies Scale (CCS; University of Central Florida Counselor Education Faculty, 2009), an instrument designed to assess trainee competencies as measured in their counseling skills, dispositions, and behaviors. There was strong internal consistency for the 4-factor model for…

  4. Influence of effectiveness group counseling on nursing teaching quality in Operating Room%效能团体辅导对手术室护理带教质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶红华; 杨碧虹; 叶筱红

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨效能团体辅导在手术室护理带教中的应用效果。方法选取2011年6月在手术室实习的72名护生,按照随机数字表法随机分为对照组和观察组,每组各36名。观察组护生采用效能团体辅导模式进行带教,对照组采用传统模式进行带教。采用自我效能感量表( GSES)、临床实习效果评价问卷调查以及理论和操作考试对护生实习情况进行测评。结果观察组护生理论考试成绩为(89.2±5.1)分,操作考试成绩为(91.4±7.2)分,均优于对照组护生,差异有统计学意义( t值分别为5.921,7.652;P<0.05)。带教后,观察组护生的自我效能感、理论知识、动作技能及实习总效果评分均高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(t值分别为9.641,6.382,4.332,8.632;P<0.05)。结论效能团体辅导可以提高护生的自我效能感,提高护生理论知识及实际操作能力和实习效果。%Objective To research the effectiveness of group counseling on nursing teaching in Operating Room. Methods A total of 72 nursing students in the Operating Room in June 2011 were divided into the control group and the observation group, with 36 students in each group. The control group underwent the traditional teaching mode. The observation group was given effectiveness group counseling. The General Self-Efficacy Scale ( GSES ) , clinical practice evaluation questionnaire and examination were used to evaluate the results of teaching. Results The scores of theory and skill examination of the observation group were (89. 2 ± 5.1)and(91.4±7.2),whichweresignificantlyhigherthanthoseofthecontrolgroup(t=5.921,7.652, respectively;P<0. 05). The self-efficacy, knowledge, skill practice and total score of clinical practice of the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group ( t=9. 641, 6. 382, 4. 332, 8. 632, respectively;P<0. 05). Conclusions Group counseling can improve the effectiveness of self-efficacy in nursing

  5. Abacus models for parabolic quotients of affine Weyl groups

    CERN Document Server

    Hanusa, Christopher R H

    2011-01-01

    We introduce abacus diagrams that describe minimal length coset representatives in affine Weyl groups of types B, C, and D. These abacus diagrams use a realization of the affine Weyl group of type C due to Eriksson to generalize a construction of James for the symmetric group. We also describe several combinatorial models for these parabolic quotients that generalize classical results in affine type A related to core partitions.

  6. Career Development, Assessment and Counseling: Applications of the Donald E. Super C-DAC Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osborne, W. Larry; And Others

    Career counseling is central to the counseling profession. The Career Development, Assessment, and Counseling (C-DAC) approach to career counseling, which facilitates the career development of people throughout their lives, has received wide attention; an analysis of the theory and research from which this model was derived are examined here. The…

  7. Beyond standard model report of working group II

    CERN Document Server

    Joshipura, A S; Joshipura, Anjan S; Roy, Probir

    1995-01-01

    Working group II at WHEPP3 concentrated on issues related to the supersymmetric standard model as well as SUSY GUTS and neutrino properties. The projects identified by various working groups as well as progress made in them since WHEPP3 are briefly reviewed.

  8. Effective School Counseling Teams

    OpenAIRE

    Lilley, Stacey Custer

    2007-01-01

    Despite much attention given to effective teams in the workplace, school counseling teams have been neglected in the research. The primary purpose of this mixed methods study was to learn what characteristics secondary counselors perceive contribute to an effective school counseling team. The first research phase conducted six team interviews; themes emerging from the interviews yielded the development of the Effective School Counseling Team Questionnaire (ESCTQ). The following research quest...

  9. Group counseling on the impact of adverse emotional state andself-confidence of patients with coronary heart disease%团体心理辅导对冠心病患者焦虑、抑郁情绪及自信心的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张会芳

    2012-01-01

    Objective The concept of group psychological counseling for the improvement of the anxiety of patients with coronary heart disease, depression, emotional state, improve the recovery of a healthy self-confidence effect. Methods 80 cases met the diagnostic criteria in patients with coronary heart disease, the first SAS and SDS and SES three kinds of scales to assess the patient's emotional and self-confidence, and then patients were divided into eight groups, each group of 10 people. Counselor in accordance with the procedures of group counseling, standardized design for group counseling, theme, procedures, content and technology, one by one implementation. Weekly counseling times every 2h or so, a total of counseling to 8 weeks. , After the end of the group counseling of the three scale of the patient's emotional state and self-duplication of information Shi measured twice before and after evaluation of data for statistical analysis (f test,χ2 test). Results Group Counseling Anxiety, Depression Scale evaluation score decreased significantly since the information scale measuredTest, X2 test). Results: Group Counseling Anxiety, Depression Scale evaluation score wassignificantly lower evaluation score improved significantly since the information scale. Greatly reduce the number of patients with very significant differences (P<0.01); group counseling, bad emotional state than those in group counseling, emotional restore the normal number of patients increased significantly compared with group counseling ago. Conclusion For patients with coronary heart disease group counseling can significantly improve the negative emotions of anxiety and depression, improve self-confidence back to health.%且的:观察团体心理辅导对冠心病患者焦虑、抑郁情绪及自信心的影响.方法:对80例符合诊断标准的冠心病患者,首先采用SAS和SDS以及SES三种量表评估患者的焦虑、抑郁情绪和自信心状态,然后将患者分为8个小组,每组10人

  10. Virginia Tech's Cook Counseling Center receives international counseling accreditation

    OpenAIRE

    DeLauder, Rachel

    2010-01-01

    The Virginia Tech Thomas E. Cook Counseling Center has been accredited by the International Association of Counseling Services, Inc., an organization of United States, Canadian, and Australian counseling agencies based in Alexandria, Va.

  11. The Effects of Group Counseling on Loneliness of the Elderly%老年人孤独感及其团体心理辅导的干预作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王平; 吉峰; 崔玉玲; 赵维燕; 段熙明; 王丹丹

    2014-01-01

    目的:调查老年人孤独感现状并探索团体心理辅导对老年人孤独感的干预作用,为降低老年人孤独感提供一套可行的实施方案。方法采用孤独感自评量表( UCLA)对240名老年人进行调查,从敬老院选取30名适宜参加团体辅导的老年人随机分成实验组和对照组,实验组接受5次结构式团体辅导。用孤独量表和社会支持量表评估团体辅导前后的效果。结果敬老院老人、单身、65岁以上、小学及以下文化、无信仰的老人体验到的孤独感显著高于居住在农村和城市、有配偶、60~65岁、初中及高中文化、有信仰的老人(F=107.357,t=4.628,t=-3.137,F=23.293,t=15.994,P<0.01)。团体辅导前后老年人的孤独感(t=7.462,P<0.01)和社会支持(t=-8.795,P<0.01)存在显著差异。结论居住地、婚姻状况、年龄、受教育程度和有无信仰是影响老年人孤独感的因素;团体心理辅导可以有效改善敬老院老人的孤独感,提高老年人的社会支持水平。%Objective To explore the loneliness status of the elderly and intervention effect of group counseling on it .Methods U-sing UCLA loneliness scale to test 240 aged people .30 the aged living in institution were collected and assigned to experiment group ( n=15) and control group(n=15) randomly.The experiment group received group counseling of 5 times and 8 group meetings.UCLA loneli-ness scale and social support scale were administrated to all 30 the elderly before and after the group guidance to evaluate the effect .Re-sults There were some differences on the score in the loneliness of the elderly living in institutions because of the differences on resi -dence,marriage,age,level of education,faith(F=107.357,t=4.628,t=-3.137,F=23.293,t=15.994;P<0.01).After the group guidance,the experiment group showed a significant decrease in score of loneliness (t=7.462,P<0.01)and

  12. The Effects of Group Counseling on Single-parent Family Children%单亲家庭儿童团体心理咨询干预的效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宇; 杨继宇; 陈发祥

    2015-01-01

    目的:对单亲家庭儿童的心理健康水平进行团体心理咨询干预,比较单亲家庭儿童和正常家庭儿童的差异. 方法:选取单亲家庭儿童24名,参与7次、约14小时的团体心理咨询,使用《心理健康诊断测验》( MHT)对干预效果进行评估. 结果:干预前,单亲家庭儿童和正常家庭儿童在对人焦虑、孤独倾向、冲动倾向有显著差异(t=2.800,2.210,2.091;P<0.05);干预后,单亲家庭儿童和正常家庭儿童仅在对人焦虑有显著差异( t=2.168,P<0.05);单亲家庭儿童在对人焦虑、过敏倾向、身体症状、恐怖倾向、冲动倾向的前测和后测得分差异显著( t =2.598,2.304,2.769,2.145,2.892;P<0.05). 结论:团体心理咨询可以有效改善单亲家庭儿童心理健康水平.%Objective:To study the effects of group counseling on single -parent family children ,and to compare the difference between single -parent family children and normal family children.Methods:24 single-parent family children participated in 7 times,about 14 hours group counseling.Mental Health Test( MHT) was used to evaluate the effects of group counseling.Results:Before intervening ,there existed significant differences at anxiety tendency,loneliness tendency,impulsion tendency(t =2.800,2.210, 2.091;P<0.05) between single -parent family children and normal family children;After intervening, there was only one difference at loneliness tendency between single -parent family children and normal family children(t=2.168,P<0.05);There were significant differences at anxiety tendency ,sensitivity tendency ,body symptom ,horror tendency ,impulsion tendency between before intervening and after inter-vening on single-parent family children(t=2.598,2.304,2.769,2.145,2.892;P<0.05).Conclu-sion:Group counseling can significantly improve the level of mental health on single -parent family chil-dren.

  13. Exploring the Application of Group Counseling in Freshmen Class Culture Construction%班级团体辅导在大学新生班级建设中的探索与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈瑞雯

    2015-01-01

    Freshmen don't easily fit into college life and are usually faced with different kinds of discomforts , difficulties and frustrations .Based on years of experience and exploration ,this paper suggests that group coun-seling is an effective method to solve their psychological problems ,improve their learning ability and communi-cational skills,enhance and boost development of class culture .%大学新生进校后会表现出各方面的不适应,经过多年的探索与实践发现:班级团体辅导在改善新生心理状况、提升学习能力及人际交往能力、增强班级凝聚力、促进班级建设等方面能够起到非常良好的效果.

  14. 团体心理辅导在学业困难大学生教育中的新探索%A New Exploration into Group Counseling in the Education of College Students with Academic Difficulties

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娟; 宋伊琳

    2011-01-01

    本文通过对学业困难大学生的心理成因进行分析以寻求新的解决方法,运用团体心理辅导技术对学业困难大学生进行了提高心理素质的训练,以探讨通过团体心理辅导促使学业困难大学生的改变与成长的新途径。%This paper attempts to come up with new solutions by means of analyzing the root psychological causes of those students, provide training to them to improve their psychological quality by group counseling, and put forward new routes for the change and growth of those students.

  15. Automorphisms and Generalized Involution Models of Finite Complex Reflection Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Marberg, Eric

    2010-01-01

    We prove that a finite complex reflection group has a generalized involution model, as defined by Bump and Ginzburg, if and only if each of its irreducible factors is either $G(r,p,n)$ with $\\gcd(p,n)=1$; $G(r,p,2)$ with $r/p$ odd; or $G_{23}$, the Coxeter group of type $H_3$. We additionally provide explicit formulas for all automorphisms of $G(r,p,n)$, and construct new Gelfand models for the groups $G(r,p,n)$ with $\\gcd(p,n)=1$.

  16. Group Work Publication-1991.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimpfer, David G.

    1992-01-01

    Lists 21 new publications in group work, of which 9 are reviewed. Those discussed include publications on group counseling and psychotherapy, structured groups, support groups, psychodrama, and social group work. (Author/NB)

  17. Analysis on Countermeasures of Group Counseling on College Students’ Job-oriented Competence%利用团体辅导培育大学生职业核心能力的对策探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨艳

    2016-01-01

    Facing the current situation of severe employment pressure in China,how to cultivate college students’ job-ori-ented competence to relieve the problem of difficulty employment has become a major social problem.Group counseling can improve interpersonal relationship,change behavior,enhance self-awareness,stimulate the individual potential and optimize the psychological qualities.Combining with the significant characteristics of group counseling,the article puts forward some corresponding countermeasures on how to improve the students’ influence,decisiveness,learning ability,executive ability and innovation.%面对着当前我国严峻的就业形势,如何培养大学生的职业核心能力,进而缓解“就业难”的问题,已经成为一项亟待解决的重大社会课题。团体辅导对于培养大学生职业核心能力来说具有改善人际关系、改变行为方式、提升自我认知、激发个体潜能和优化心理素质等方面的积极作用。本文结合团体辅导自身的显著特性,从如何提高大学生的影响力、决断力、学习力、执行力和创新力等方面提出了一些应对策略。

  18. Deciphering the Crowd: Modeling and Identification of Pedestrian Group Motion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norihiro Hagita

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Associating attributes to pedestrians in a crowd is relevant for various areas like surveillance, customer profiling and service providing. The attributes of interest greatly depend on the application domain and might involve such social relations as friends or family as well as the hierarchy of the group including the leader or subordinates. Nevertheless, the complex social setting inherently complicates this task. We attack this problem by exploiting the small group structures in the crowd. The relations among individuals and their peers within a social group are reliable indicators of social attributes. To that end, this paper identifies social groups based on explicit motion models integrated through a hypothesis testing scheme. We develop two models relating positional and directional relations. A pair of pedestrians is identified as belonging to the same group or not by utilizing the two models in parallel, which defines a compound hypothesis testing scheme. By testing the proposed approach on three datasets with different environmental properties and group characteristics, it is demonstrated that we achieve an identification accuracy of 87% to 99%. The contribution of this study lies in its definition of positional and directional relation models, its description of compound evaluations, and the resolution of ambiguities with our proposed uncertainty measure based on the local and global indicators of group relation.

  19. Investigating the LGBTQ Responsive Model for Supervision of Group Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luke, Melissa; Goodrich, Kristopher M.

    2013-01-01

    This article reports an investigation of the LGBTQ Responsive Model for Supervision of Group Work, a trans-theoretical supervisory framework to address the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) persons (Goodrich & Luke, 2011). Findings partially supported applicability of the LGBTQ Responsive Model for Supervision…

  20. Investigating the LGBTQ Responsive Model for Supervision of Group Work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luke, Melissa; Goodrich, Kristopher M.

    2013-01-01

    This article reports an investigation of the LGBTQ Responsive Model for Supervision of Group Work, a trans-theoretical supervisory framework to address the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) persons (Goodrich & Luke, 2011). Findings partially supported applicability of the LGBTQ Responsive Model for Supervision…

  1. Explaining Cooperation in Groups: Testing Models of Reciprocity and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biele, Guido; Rieskamp, Jorg; Czienskowski, Uwe

    2008-01-01

    What are the cognitive processes underlying cooperation in groups? This question is addressed by examining how well a reciprocity model, two learning models, and social value orientation can predict cooperation in two iterated n-person social dilemmas with continuous contributions. In the first of these dilemmas, the public goods game,…

  2. A Creative Therapies Model for the Group Supervision of Counsellors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, Paul

    1995-01-01

    Sets forth a model of group supervision, drawing on a creative therapies approach which provides an effective way of delivering process issues, conceptualization issues, and personalization issues. The model makes particular use of techniques drawn from art therapy and from psychodrama, and should be applicable to therapists of many orientations.…

  3. Functional renormalization group approach to the Kraichnan model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pagani, Carlo

    2015-09-01

    We study the anomalous scaling of the structure functions of a scalar field advected by a random Gaussian velocity field, the Kraichnan model, by means of functional renormalization group techniques. We analyze the symmetries of the model and derive the leading correction to the structure functions considering the renormalization of composite operators and applying the operator product expansion.

  4. ALTRUISM, EGOISM AND GROUP COHESION IN A LOCAL INTERACTION MODEL

    OpenAIRE

    José A. García Martínez

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we have introduced and parameterized the concept of ?group cohesion? in a model of local interaction with a population divided into groups. This allows us to control the level of ?isolation? of these groups: We thus analyze if the degree of group cohesion is relevant to achieve an efficient behaviour and which level would be the best one for this purpose. We are interested in situations where there is a trade off between efficiency and individual incentives. This trade off is st...

  5. Group Lasso for high dimensional sparse quantile regression models

    CERN Document Server

    Kato, Kengo

    2011-01-01

    This paper studies the statistical properties of the group Lasso estimator for high dimensional sparse quantile regression models where the number of explanatory variables (or the number of groups of explanatory variables) is possibly much larger than the sample size while the number of variables in "active" groups is sufficiently small. We establish a non-asymptotic bound on the $\\ell_{2}$-estimation error of the estimator. This bound explains situations under which the group Lasso estimator is potentially superior/inferior to the $\\ell_{1}$-penalized quantile regression estimator in terms of the estimation error. We also propose a data-dependent choice of the tuning parameter to make the method more practical, by extending the original proposal of Belloni and Chernozhukov (2011) for the $\\ell_{1}$-penalized quantile regression estimator. As an application, we analyze high dimensional additive quantile regression models. We show that under a set of primitive regularity conditions, the group Lasso estimator c...

  6. The Solution-Focused Debriefing Group: An Integrated Postviolence Group Intervention for Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juhnke, Gerald A.; Osborne, W. Larry

    1997-01-01

    Describes a solution-focused debriefing group model for adult survivors of violence, which integrates Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) and solution-focused counseling techniques. Discusses how to debrief team members, group size, the seven stages of CISD, and solution-focused debriefing group techniques. (RJM)

  7. A model of interaction between anticorruption authority and corruption groups

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neverova, Elena G.; Malafeyef, Oleg A. [Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia, 35, Universitetskii prospekt, Petrodvorets, 198504 Email:elenaneverowa@gmail.com, malafeyevoa@mail.ru (Russian Federation)

    2015-03-10

    The paper provides a model of interaction between anticorruption unit and corruption groups. The main policy functions of the anticorruption unit involve reducing corrupt practices in some entities through an optimal approach to resource allocation and effective anticorruption policy. We develop a model based on Markov decision-making process and use Howard’s policy-improvement algorithm for solving an optimal decision strategy. We examine the assumption that corruption groups retaliate against the anticorruption authority to protect themselves. This model was implemented through stochastic game.

  8. 团体咨询对急诊科护士职业价值观、工作压力和职业倦怠的影响%Influence of group counseling on professional values, work stress and burnout for nurses in the emergency room

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴红缨; 韩春萍; 刘莉萍

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the influence of group counseling on professional values , work stress and burnout for nurses in the emergency room .Methods Forty-four nurses in the emergency room were randomly divided into the observation group (n=22) and the control group (n=22).The control group was implemented with regularly nursing .The observation group was implemented with group counseling .Two groups were surveyed with the nurse professional values scale , nursing burnout scale and nurse ’ s work pressure scale . Results The mean scores of professional values in the observation group and the control group were (4.28 ± 1.23) and (2.15 ±0.7), respectively, which was significantly different (t=4.856, P<0.05).The mean scores of work stress in the observation group and the control group were (1.12 ±0.42) and (2.32 ±0.85), respectively, which was significantly different ( t =3.442, P <0.05).The mean scores of burnout in the observation group and the control group were (162.32 ±14.78) and (195.23 ±13.75), respectively, which was significantly different (t=3.752, P<0.05).Conclusions The group counseling model can induce the formation of an active professional value , and relieve work stress and burnout for emergency department nurses .%目的:探讨团体咨询对急诊科护士职业价值观、工作压力及职业倦怠的影响。方法根据随机数字表法将急诊科44名护士随机分为观察组和对照组各22名,对照组由护士长定期进行谈心,观察组则进行团体咨询干预。干预前后采用护士职业价值观量表、职业倦怠量表及护士工作压力源量表对两组护士进行调查。结果干预后,观察组护士职业价值观总均分为(4.28±1.23)分,对照组为(2.15±0.75)分,差异有统计学意义(t =4.856,P<0.05)。干预后,观察组护士工作压力总评分为(1.12±0.42)分,对照组为(2.32±0.85)分,差异有统计学意义(t=3.442

  9. Renormalization-group calculation of excitation properties for impurity models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, M.; Whitaker, M. A.; Oliveira, L. N.

    1990-05-01

    The renormalization-group method developed by Wilson to calculate thermodynamical properties of dilute magnetic alloys is generalized to allow the calculation of dynamical properties of many-body impurity Hamiltonians. As a simple illustration, the impurity spectral density for the resonant-level model (i.e., the U=0 Anderson model) is computed. As a second illustration, for the same model, the longitudinal relaxation rate for a nuclear spin coupled to the impurity is calculated as a function of temperature.

  10. Bayesian model reduction and empirical Bayes for group (DCM) studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friston, Karl J; Litvak, Vladimir; Oswal, Ashwini; Razi, Adeel; Stephan, Klaas E; van Wijk, Bernadette C M; Ziegler, Gabriel; Zeidman, Peter

    2016-03-01

    This technical note describes some Bayesian procedures for the analysis of group studies that use nonlinear models at the first (within-subject) level - e.g., dynamic causal models - and linear models at subsequent (between-subject) levels. Its focus is on using Bayesian model reduction to finesse the inversion of multiple models of a single dataset or a single (hierarchical or empirical Bayes) model of multiple datasets. These applications of Bayesian model reduction allow one to consider parametric random effects and make inferences about group effects very efficiently (in a few seconds). We provide the relatively straightforward theoretical background to these procedures and illustrate their application using a worked example. This example uses a simulated mismatch negativity study of schizophrenia. We illustrate the robustness of Bayesian model reduction to violations of the (commonly used) Laplace assumption in dynamic causal modelling and show how its recursive application can facilitate both classical and Bayesian inference about group differences. Finally, we consider the application of these empirical Bayesian procedures to classification and prediction.

  11. Exercise on prescription: a randomized study on the effect of counseling vs counseling and supervised exercise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragstrup, J.; Skovgaard, T.; Puggaard, L.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare short- (0-4 months) and long-term (0-10 months) effects of high-intensive Exercise on Prescription (EoP) intervention (counseling and supervised exercise) implemented in primary healthcare in a number of Danish counties with a low-intensive intervention...... (counseling) using maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)) as the primary outcome. The study was conducted as a randomized trial in 2005-2006 with a high and a low-intensive group. All the patients referred to the EoP scheme by their GP in the counties of Vejle and Ribe, Denmark, were eligible for the trial....... The high-intensive EoP group received 4 months of group-based supervised training and attended five motivational counseling sessions. The low-intensive group only attended four motivational counseling sessions. Three hundred and twenty-seven patients entered the EoP scheme, and 52 (16%) volunteered...

  12. Solitonic Models Based on Quantum Groups and the Standard Model

    CERN Document Server

    Finkelstein, Robert J

    2010-01-01

    The idea that the elementary particles might have the symmetry of knots has had a long history. In any current formulation of this idea, however, the knot must be quantized. The present review is a summary of a small set of papers that began as an attempt to correlate the properties of quantized knots with the empirical properties of the elementary particles. As the ideas behind these papers have developed over a number of years the model has evolved, and this review is intended to present the model in its current form. The original picture of an elementary fermion as a solitonic knot of field, described by the trefoil representation of SUq(2), has expanded into its current form in which a knotted field is complementary to a composite structure composed of three or more preons that in turn are described by the fundamental representation of SLq(2). These complementary descriptions may be interpreted as describing single composite particles composed of three or more preons bound by a knotted field.

  13. New Pathways between Group Theory and Model Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Fuchs, László; Goldsmith, Brendan; Strüngmann, Lutz

    2017-01-01

    This volume focuses on group theory and model theory with a particular emphasis on the interplay of the two areas. The survey papers provide an overview of the developments across group, module, and model theory while the research papers present the most recent study in those same areas. With introductory sections that make the topics easily accessible to students, the papers in this volume will appeal to beginning graduate students and experienced researchers alike. As a whole, this book offers a cross-section view of the areas in group, module, and model theory, covering topics such as DP-minimal groups, Abelian groups, countable 1-transitive trees, and module approximations. The papers in this book are the proceedings of the conference “New Pathways between Group Theory and Model Theory,” which took place February 1-4, 2016, in Mülheim an der Ruhr, Germany, in honor of the editors’ colleague Rüdiger Göbel. This publication is dedicated to Professor Göbel, who passed away in 2014. He was one of th...

  14. Referring patients for telephone counseling to promote colorectal cancer screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luckmann, Roger; Costanza, Mary E; Rosal, Milagros; White, Mary Jo; Cranos, Caroline

    2013-09-01

    To determine the feasibility, acceptability, and outcomes of a telephone counseling intervention promoting colorectal cancer (CRC) screening when patients are referred for counseling by primary care providers (PCPs). Interventional cohort study with no formal control group. PCPs in 3 practices were prompted to address CRC screening in patient encounters and, if appropriate, to recommend referral for telephone counseling. A telephone counselor called referred patients, made an appointment for a counseling call, and mailed an educational booklet to patients. Counseling included education about CRC and screening tests, motivational interviewing, barrier counseling, and facilitated referral for colonoscopy or mailing of a fecal occult blood testing kit. About 7 months following counseling, electronic records were searched for evidence of colonoscopy. PCPs addressed CRC screening with 1945 patients, most of whom were up-to-date with CRC testing, recommended counseling referral to 362, and of these 180 (49.7%) accepted the referral. A total of 140 (77.8%) of referred patients were contacted and 67 (37.2%) received counseling. After counseling 93.9% were planning on CRC screening compared with 54.6% at the beginning of the call. Of those planning a colonoscopy, 53.2% received one within 7 months. Referring patients for telephone counseling to promote CRC screening may be feasible and acceptable to PCPs and to some patients, and may increase CRC screening. Further evaluation of the intervention may be warranted to compare the rate of screening associated with the intervention to rates related to usual care and to other interventions.

  15. Fuzzy classification of phantom parent groups in an animal model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fikse Freddy

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Genetic evaluation models often include genetic groups to account for unequal genetic level of animals with unknown parentage. The definition of phantom parent groups usually includes a time component (e.g. years. Combining several time periods to ensure sufficiently large groups may create problems since all phantom parents in a group are considered contemporaries. Methods To avoid the downside of such distinct classification, a fuzzy logic approach is suggested. A phantom parent can be assigned to several genetic groups, with proportions between zero and one that sum to one. Rules were presented for assigning coefficients to the inverse of the relationship matrix for fuzzy-classified genetic groups. This approach was illustrated with simulated data from ten generations of mass selection. Observations and pedigree records were randomly deleted. Phantom parent groups were defined on the basis of gender and generation number. In one scenario, uncertainty about generation of birth was simulated for some animals with unknown parents. In the distinct classification, one of the two possible generations of birth was randomly chosen to assign phantom parents to genetic groups for animals with simulated uncertainty, whereas the phantom parents were assigned to both possible genetic groups in the fuzzy classification. Results The empirical prediction error variance (PEV was somewhat lower for fuzzy-classified genetic groups. The ranking of animals with unknown parents was more correct and less variable across replicates in comparison with distinct genetic groups. In another scenario, each phantom parent was assigned to three groups, one pertaining to its gender, and two pertaining to the first and last generation, with proportion depending on the (true generation of birth. Due to the lower number of groups, the empirical PEV of breeding values was smaller when genetic groups were fuzzy-classified. Conclusion Fuzzy

  16. Malpractice in Counseling Neuropsychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woody, Robert Henley

    1992-01-01

    Responds to earlier four articles on integration of counseling psychology and neuropsychology by noting that neuropsychology occurs in settings with high risk of legal complaints. Contends that aspiration to press counseling psychology toward clinical neuropsychology should be filtered through consideration for legal risk. Explores legal…

  17. Counseling in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeo, Lay See; Tan, Soo Yin; Neihart, Maureen F.

    2012-01-01

    Singapore, a tiny island nation, rose from 3rd- to 1st-world status in just 3 decades. Unlike in most developed countries, counseling in Singapore has a short history with faith-based beginnings and currently faces challenges to remain culturally relevant. The authors trace the development of Singapore's counseling services, provide an update…

  18. Perioperative counseling in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioannis Koutelekos

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Counseling is a part of professional role of nurses and a prerequisite for holistic care. Aim: The aim of the present study was to review the literature about Counseling of children that undergo surgery. Material and method: The methodology οf this study included bibliography research from both the review and the research literature, between 2005-2009 mainly in the pubmed data base which referred to Counseling of children that undergo surgery, using the key words: Counseling, perioperative treatment, holistic care . Results: In the literature it is cited that counseling is provided by well trained and balanced individuals that have communication skills. Prerequisite of effective counseling is Conversation, where the nurse-consultant after elaborate listening proposes remarks, proposals, in order to enhance self-image, self-knowledge and self-esteem of the child and improve its’ personal emotional state. Perioperative counseling procedure as a part of the holistic care of children should follow and individualized approach either on preoperative and postoperative stage. Conclusion: Ultimate goal of effective counseling to children that undergo surgery is to improve the quality of provided care and increase the degree of satisfaction of hospitalized children and their families.

  19. Crisis Counseling: An Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandoval, Jonathan; Scott, Amy Nicole; Padilla, Irene

    2009-01-01

    Psychologists working in schools are often the first contacts for children experiencing a potentially traumatizing event or change in status. This article reviews basic concepts in crisis counseling and describes the components of psychological first aid. This form of counseling must be developmentally and culturally appropriate as well as…

  20. Islamic approach in counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanin Hamjah, Salasiah; Mat Akhir, Noor Shakirah

    2014-02-01

    A religious approach is one of the matters emphasized in counseling today. Many researchers find that there is a need to apply the religious element in counseling because religion is important in a client's life. The purpose of this research is to identify aspects of the Islamic approach applied in counseling clients by counselors at Pusat Kaunseling Majlis Agama Islam Negeri Sembilan (PKMAINS). In addition, this research also analyses the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS with reference to al-Quran and al-Sunnah. This is a qualitative research in the form of case study at PKMAINS. The main method used in this research is interview. The research instrument used is interview protocol. The respondents in this study include 9 counselors who serve in one of the counseling centers in Malaysia. This study also uses questionnaire as an additional instrument, distributed to 36 clients who receive counseling service at the center. The findings of the study show that the Islamic approach applied in counseling at PKMAINS may be categorized into three main aspects: aqidah (faith), ibadah (worship/ultimate devotion and love for God) and akhlaq (moral conduct). Findings also show that the counseling in these aspects is in line with Islamic teachings as contained in al-Quran and al-Sunnah.

  1. Selfishness, Greed, and Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrugia, David

    2002-01-01

    Although the concepts of greed and selfishness have often been used in discussions about human nature, there seems to be little attention to these characteristics in the disciplines of psychology and counseling. Considers characteristics of greed and selfishness as encountered in counseling from a multidisciplinary perspective and identifies…

  2. High Tech Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohenshil, Thomas H.

    2000-01-01

    Includes a discussion of technology's use in counseling at the beginning of the new millennium. Contains reviews and implications of several articles that appeared in the first issue of the "Journal of Technology in Counseling" and some recent technology related developments by the Association for Counselor Education and Supervision and…

  3. Malpractice in Counseling Neuropsychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woody, Robert Henley

    1992-01-01

    Responds to earlier four articles on integration of counseling psychology and neuropsychology by noting that neuropsychology occurs in settings with high risk of legal complaints. Contends that aspiration to press counseling psychology toward clinical neuropsychology should be filtered through consideration for legal risk. Explores legal…

  4. Publishing International Counseling Articles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohenshil, Thomas H.; Amundson, Norman E.

    2011-01-01

    This article begins with a rationale for including international articles in the "Journal of Counseling & Development." Then, 2 general categories of international articles are described. First are articles that provide a general overview of counseling in a particular country. The 2nd category is more general and might involve international…

  5. Narrative Dietary Counseling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard Jakobsen, Nina; Hennesser, Yvonne; Kaufmann, Lisbeth

    2017-01-01

    Using cases and empirical data from a research and development project at a Danish prevention center, this study explores whether and how the use of narrative dietary counseling can strengthen dietitians' relationships and collaboration with clients who are chronically ill. The results of the study...... dietary counseling empowered clients and improved relationship building and collaboration between client and dietitian....

  6. Group Offending in Mass Atrocities: Proposing a Group Violence Strategies Model for International Crimes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Elisabeth Rauxloh

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Most research in mass atrocities, especially genocide, is conducted at the macro level exploring how mass violence is instigated, planned and orchestrated at the level of the state. This paper on the other hand suggests that more research of the individual perpetrator is needed to complement the understanding of mass atrocities. The author develops therefore a new model, the group violence strategies model. This model combines various traditional criminological models of group offending and proposes a three stage analysis, looking at the individual aggressor, the actions within the offender group and the actions between offender group and victim group to understand better the phenomenon that ordinary people commit unspeakable crimes. La mayor parte de las investigaciones sobre atrocidades en masa, especialmente genocidio, se desarrollan a nivel macro, analizando cómo se instiga, planea y orquestra la violencia de masas a nivel de estado. Este artículo, sin embargo, sugiere que es necesaria una mayor investigación del criminal individual, para complementar la comprensión de las atrocidades en masa. Así, se desarrolla un nuevo modelo, el modelo de estrategias de violencia en grupo. Este modelo combina diversos modelos criminológicos tradicionales de violencia en grupo y propone tres etapas de análisis, mirando al agresor individual, las acciones dentro del grupo criminal y las acciones entre el grupo criminal y el grupo de víctimas, para entender mejor este fenómeno por el que personas corrientes cometen crímenes atroces. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2875712

  7. Barriers and promoters of an evidenced-based smoking cessation counseling during prenatal care in Argentina and Uruguay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colomar, Mercedes; Tong, Van T; Morello, Paola; Farr, Sherry L; Lawsin, Catalina; Dietz, Patricia M; Aleman, Alicia; Berrueta, Mabel; Mazzoni, Agustina; Becu, Ana; Buekens, Pierre; Belizán, José; Althabe, Fernando

    2015-07-01

    In Argentina and Uruguay, 10.3 and 18.3 %, respectively, of pregnant women smoked in 2005. Brief cessation counseling, based on the 5A's model, has been effective in different settings. This qualitative study aims to improve the understanding of factors influencing the provision of smoking cessation counseling during pregnancy in Argentina and Uruguay. In 2010, we obtained prenatal care providers', clinic directors', and pregnant smokers' opinions regarding barriers and promoters to brief smoking cessation counseling in publicly-funded prenatal care clinics in Buenos Aires, Argentina and Montevideo, Uruguay. We interviewed six prenatal clinic directors, conducted focus groups with 46 health professionals and 24 pregnant smokers. Themes emerged from three issue areas: health professionals, health system, and patients. Health professional barriers to cessation counseling included inadequate knowledge and motivation, perceived low self-efficacy, and concerns about inadequate time and large workload. They expressed interest in obtaining a counseling script. Health system barriers included low prioritization of smoking cessation and a lack of clinic protocols to implement interventions. Pregnant smokers lacked information on the risks of prenatal smoking and underestimated the difficulty of smoking cessation. Having access to written materials and receiving cessation services during clinic waiting times were mentioned as promoters for the intervention. Women also were receptive to non-physician office staff delivering intervention components. Implementing smoking cessation counseling in publicly-funded prenatal care clinics in Argentina and Uruguay may require integrating counseling into routine prenatal care and educating and training providers on best-practices approaches.

  8. Effect of center-based counseling for veterans and veterans' families on long-term mental health outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donnell, Meaghan; Varker, Tracey; Perry, Desmond; Phelps, Andrea

    2013-12-01

    The Veterans and Veterans Families Counselling Service (VVCS), established by the Australian government, plays a pivotal role in providing mental health services to veterans and their families. This research explored the impact of center-based psychological counseling on depression, anxiety, stress, and alcohol use severity. A stratified sample of VVCS clients were invited to participate in this study. Data were collected on intake to the program, at the fifth counseling session, and 12 months after the commencement of counseling. Repeated-measures general linear model analyses were conducted to examine the impact of center-based counseling on depression, anxiety, stress, and alcohol severity over time. VVCS center-based counseling resulted in a significant reduction in depression, anxiety, stress, and alcohol use severity after five sessions, and these improvements were maintained over the next 12 months. Despite these improvements, however, participants continued to report moderate-to-severe levels of mental health problems. VVCS center-based counseling successfully reduced depression, anxiety, stress, and alcohol use symptom severity of veterans and their families. However, the clinical profiles of this population are often complex and challenges remain in terms of addressing the mental health needs of this group.

  9. Group Elevator Peak Scheduling Based on Robust Optimization Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZHANG, J.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Scheduling of Elevator Group Control System (EGCS is a typical combinatorial optimization problem. Uncertain group scheduling under peak traffic flows has become a research focus and difficulty recently. RO (Robust Optimization method is a novel and effective way to deal with uncertain scheduling problem. In this paper, a peak scheduling method based on RO model for multi-elevator system is proposed. The method is immune to the uncertainty of peak traffic flows, optimal scheduling is realized without getting exact numbers of each calling floor's waiting passengers. Specifically, energy-saving oriented multi-objective scheduling price is proposed, RO uncertain peak scheduling model is built to minimize the price. Because RO uncertain model could not be solved directly, RO uncertain model is transformed to RO certain model by elevator scheduling robust counterparts. Because solution space of elevator scheduling is enormous, to solve RO certain model in short time, ant colony solving algorithm for elevator scheduling is proposed. Based on the algorithm, optimal scheduling solutions are found quickly, and group elevators are scheduled according to the solutions. Simulation results show the method could improve scheduling performances effectively in peak pattern. Group elevators' efficient operation is realized by the RO scheduling method.

  10. Extended Group Contribution Model for Polyfunctional Phase Equilibria

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abildskov, Jens

    -liquid equilibria from data on binary mixtures, composed of structurally simple molecules with a single functional group. More complex is the situation with mixtures composed of structurally more complicated molecules or molecules with more than one functional group. The UNIFAC method is extended to handle...... polyfunctional group situations, based on additional information on molecular structure. The extension involves the addition of second-order correction terms to the existing equation. In this way the current first-order formulation is retained. The second-order concept is developed for mixture properties based....... In chapter 4 parameters are estimated for the first-order UNIFAC model, based on which parameters are estimated for one of the second-order models described in chapter 3. The parameter estimation is based on measured binary data on around 4000 systems, covering 11 C-, H- and O-containing functional groups...

  11. A New Method for Grey Forecasting Model Group

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李峰; 王仲东; 宋中民

    2002-01-01

    In order to describe the characteristics of some systems, such as the process of economic and product forecasting, a lot of discrete data may be used. Although they are discrete, the inside law can be-founded by some methods. For a series that the discrete degree is large and the integrated tendency is ascending, a new method for grey forecasting model group is given by the grey system theory. The method is that it firstly transforms original data, chooses some clique values and divides original data into groups by different clique values; then, it establishes non-equigap GM(1, 1) model for different groups and searches forecasting area of original data by the solution of model. At the end of the paper, the result of reliability of forecasting value is obtained. It is shown that the method is feasible.

  12. Intelligent negotiation model for ubiquitous group decision scenarios

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Joo CARNEIRO; Diogo MARTINHO; Goreti MARREIROS; Paulo NOVAIS

    2016-01-01

    Supporting group decision-making in ubiquitous contexts is a complex task that must deal with a large amount of factors to succeed. Here we propose an approach for an intelligent negotiation model to support the group decision-making process specifically designed for ubiquitous contexts. Our approach can be used by researchers that intend to include arguments, complex algorithms, and agents’ modeling in a negotiation model. It uses a social networking logic due to the type of communication employed by the agents and it intends to support the ubiquitous group decision-making process in a similar way to the real process, which simultaneously preserves the amount and quality of intelligence generated in face-to-face meetings. We propose a new look into this problem by considering and defining strategies to deal with important points such as the type of attributes in the multi- criterion problems, agents’ reasoning, and intelligent dialogues.

  13. Discrete time duration models with group-level heterogeneity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Anders; Honoré, Bo; Hu, Loujia

    2007-01-01

    Dynamic discrete choice panel data models have received a great deal of attention. In those models, the dynamics is usually handled by including the lagged outcome as an explanatory variable. In this paper we consider an alternative model in which the dynamics is handled by using the duration...... in the current state as a covariate. We propose estimators that allow for group-specific effect in parametric and semiparametric versions of the model. The proposed method is illustrated by an empirical analysis of job durations allowing for firm-level effects....

  14. Tensor renormalization group analysis of CP(N-1) model

    CERN Document Server

    Kawauchi, Hikaru

    2016-01-01

    We apply the higher order tensor renormalization group to lattice CP($N-1$) model in two dimensions. A tensor network representation of the CP($N-1$) model in the presence of the $\\theta$-term is derived. We confirm that the numerical results of the CP(1) model without the $\\theta$-term using this method are consistent with that of the O(3) model which is analyzed by the same method in the region $\\beta \\gg 1$ and that obtained by Monte Carlo simulation in a wider range of $\\beta$. The numerical computation including the $\\theta$-term is left for future challenges.

  15. Tensor renormalization group analysis of CP (N -1 ) model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawauchi, Hikaru; Takeda, Shinji

    2016-06-01

    We apply the higher-order tensor renormalization group to the lattice CP (N -1 ) model in two dimensions. A tensor network representation of the CP (N -1 ) model in the presence of the θ term is derived. We confirm that the numerical results of the CP(1) model without the θ term using this method are consistent with that of the O(3) model which is analyzed by the same method in the region β ≫1 and that obtained by the Monte Carlo simulation in a wider range of β . The numerical computation including the θ term is left for future challenges.

  16. Issues and Trends in Secondary Guidance and Counseling Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pietrofesa, John J.

    1970-01-01

    Utilization of counseling groups leads to (1) variety of approaches, (2) more directive counseling, (3) counselees with varied backgrounds, (4) growth of groups for interracial harmony. Changes in counselor role by use of: (1) paraprofessionals, (2) guidance workers, (3) cybernetics, (4) developmental approach in an existential framework. (EK)

  17. Appreciative Socialization Group. A Model of Personal Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona PONEA

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we want to present o new of form of group, which we consider as being important for the process of personal development. Groups are a form of gathering more people united by a common purpose. We believe that through their group, members can develop new skills and also can obtain the change in the direction they want. Socialization is the processthat we “share” along with others, by communicating and also by having close views towards different things in life. Appreciative socialization involves placing emphasis on those elements that have value to us, which are positive. We consider appreciative group socialization as a model of good practice that aims the development among group members and increasesempowerment process.

  18. Binary choices in small and large groups: A unified model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bischi, Gian-Italo; Merlone, Ugo

    2010-02-01

    Two different ways to model the diffusion of alternative choices within a population of individuals in the presence of social externalities are known in the literature. While Galam’s model of rumors spreading considers a majority rule for interactions in several groups, Schelling considers individuals interacting in one large group, with payoff functions that describe how collective choices influence individual preferences. We incorporate these two approaches into a unified general discrete-time dynamic model for studying individual interactions in variously sized groups. We first illustrate how the two original models can be obtained as particular cases of the more general model we propose, then we show how several other situations can be analyzed. The model we propose goes beyond a theoretical exercise as it allows modeling situations which are relevant in economic and social systems. We consider also other aspects such as the propensity to switch choices and the behavioral momentum, and show how they may affect the dynamics of the whole population.

  19. Effectiveness of group counseling in the social anxiety among college students: a meta-analysis%团体咨询对社交焦虑大学生心理健康影响的meta分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海宁; 李现文; 杜玉凤; 李晓敏

    2014-01-01

    目的 系统评价团体咨询对社交焦虑大学生的干预效果.方法 采用电子数据库检索方法,系统客观地收集有关社交焦虑大学生的团体干预研究报告,并采用meta分析的方法对1990年1月至2013年12月间的15项研究进行统计分析.结果 干预结束时及半年后追踪评价,干预组在SCL-90各因子上的得分均与干预前存在显著性差异,合并效应量分别在0.27~0.66和0.24~0.67之间.结论 团体咨询可以有效提高社交焦虑大学生的心理健康水平.%Objective To systematic evaluate the effectiveness of group counseling in the social anxiety among college students.Methods Relevant literature between January 1990 and December 2013 was searched by computer and relevant group intervention study about social anxiety among college students was collected,and then meta analysis was used in statistical analysis.Results In terms of each factor score of SCL-90,they showed significant differences not only between pre-treatment and post-treatment of the intervention group,but also between pretreatment and follow-up.The results indicated that the combined effect size of comparison of the data in these reports with pre-treatment vs.post-treatment varied between 0.27 and 0.66,pre-treatment vs.follow-up varied between 0.24 and 0.67.Conclusion Group counseling can effectively increase the level of mental health of the social anxiety among college students.

  20. Philosophical counselling: Towards a ‘new approach’ in pastoral care and counselling?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel J. Louw

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The practice of pastoral counselling was dominated for several decades by the Rogerian techniques of empathetic listening. To a large extent, healing was predominately related to the realm of feelings (the affective dimension. Rational Emotive Therapy opened up other avenues. However, besides Logotherapy, the realm of meaning and its connectedness to world views and ideas (Plato: forms remained uncharted in many theories for pastoral care and counselling. In this article it was argued that philosophical counselling opens up new avenues for pastoral care and counselling. Philosophical counselling probes into the realm of different schemata of interpretation. A model for the making of a spiritual existential analysis was proposed in order to detect the impact of the Christian spiritual schema of interpretation on the dynamics of existential networking.

  1. HIV/AIDS counseling: analysis based on Paulo Freire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Karla Corrêa Lima; Barroso, Maria Grasiela Teixeira

    2007-01-01

    The study aimed to investigate the strategies health professionals use in HIV/AIDS counseling. This study is a qualitative research, based on Paulo Freire's theory and practice. Bardin's content analysis was used as the analysis technique. For the studied group, the counseling is focused on cognition, although new concepts permeating this subject are emerging. The main difficulties in counseling are related to the clients and the institution. The main facility is related to the team, which according to the group has a good relationship. Counseling represents a moment of distress, especially because it brings up existential questions to the counselor. It can be inferred that counseling is a special moment, but it does not constitute an educational moment yet. To obtain this goal, a counseling methodology is proposed, based on Paulo Freire's principles and concepts.

  2. Novel web service selection model based on discrete group search.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhai, Jie; Shao, Zhiqing; Guo, Yi; Zhang, Haiteng

    2014-01-01

    In our earlier work, we present a novel formal method for the semiautomatic verification of specifications and for describing web service composition components by using abstract concepts. After verification, the instantiations of components were selected to satisfy the complex service performance constraints. However, selecting an optimal instantiation, which comprises different candidate services for each generic service, from a large number of instantiations is difficult. Therefore, we present a new evolutionary approach on the basis of the discrete group search service (D-GSS) model. With regard to obtaining the optimal multiconstraint instantiation of the complex component, the D-GSS model has competitive performance compared with other service selection models in terms of accuracy, efficiency, and ability to solve high-dimensional service composition component problems. We propose the cost function and the discrete group search optimizer (D-GSO) algorithm and study the convergence of the D-GSS model through verification and test cases.

  3. Dimensional reduction of Markov state models from renormalization group theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orioli, S.; Faccioli, P.

    2016-09-01

    Renormalization Group (RG) theory provides the theoretical framework to define rigorous effective theories, i.e., systematic low-resolution approximations of arbitrary microscopic models. Markov state models are shown to be rigorous effective theories for Molecular Dynamics (MD). Based on this fact, we use real space RG to vary the resolution of the stochastic model and define an algorithm for clustering microstates into macrostates. The result is a lower dimensional stochastic model which, by construction, provides the optimal coarse-grained Markovian representation of the system's relaxation kinetics. To illustrate and validate our theory, we analyze a number of test systems of increasing complexity, ranging from synthetic toy models to two realistic applications, built form all-atom MD simulations. The computational cost of computing the low-dimensional model remains affordable on a desktop computer even for thousands of microstates.

  4. Dimensional reduction of Markov state models from renormalization group theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orioli, S; Faccioli, P

    2016-09-28

    Renormalization Group (RG) theory provides the theoretical framework to define rigorous effective theories, i.e., systematic low-resolution approximations of arbitrary microscopic models. Markov state models are shown to be rigorous effective theories for Molecular Dynamics (MD). Based on this fact, we use real space RG to vary the resolution of the stochastic model and define an algorithm for clustering microstates into macrostates. The result is a lower dimensional stochastic model which, by construction, provides the optimal coarse-grained Markovian representation of the system's relaxation kinetics. To illustrate and validate our theory, we analyze a number of test systems of increasing complexity, ranging from synthetic toy models to two realistic applications, built form all-atom MD simulations. The computational cost of computing the low-dimensional model remains affordable on a desktop computer even for thousands of microstates.

  5. Modelling animal group fission using social network dynamics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sueur, Cédric; Maire, Anaïs

    2014-01-01

    Group life involves both advantages and disadvantages, meaning that individuals have to compromise between their nutritional needs and their social links. When a compromise is impossible, the group splits in order to reduce conflict of interests and favour positive social interactions between its members. In this study we built a dynamic model of social networks to represent a succession of temporary fissions involving a change in social relations that could potentially lead to irreversible group fission (i.e. no more group fusion). This is the first study that assesses how a social network changes according to group fission-fusion dynamics. We built a model that was based on different parameters: the group size, the influence of nutritional needs compared to social needs, and the changes in the social network after a temporary fission. The results obtained from this theoretical data indicate how the percentage of social relation transfer, the number of individuals and the relative importance of nutritional requirements and social links influence the average number of days before irreversible fission occurs. The greater the nutritional needs and the higher the transfer of social relations during temporary fission, the fewer days will be observed before an irreversible fission. It is crucial to bridge the gap between the individual and the population level if we hope to understand how simple, local interactions may drive ecological systems.

  6. Hidden Markov Models for the Activity Profile of Terrorist Groups

    CERN Document Server

    Raghavan, Vasanthan; Tartakovsky, Alexander G

    2012-01-01

    The main focus of this work is on developing models for the activity profile of a terrorist group, detecting sudden spurts and downfalls in this profile, and in general, tracking it over a period of time. Toward this goal, a d-state hidden Markov model (HMM) that captures the latent states underlying the dynamics of the group and thus its activity profile is developed. The simplest setting of d = 2 corresponds to the case where the dynamics are coarsely quantized as Active and Inactive, respectively. Two strategies for spurt detection and tracking are developed here: a model-independent strategy that uses the exponential weighted moving-average (EWMA) filter to track the strength of the group as measured by the number of attacks perpetrated by it, and a state estimation strategy that exploits the underlying HMM structure. The EWMA strategy is robust to modeling uncertainties and errors, and tracks persistent changes (changes that last for a sufficiently long duration) in the strength of the group. On the othe...

  7. Affine group formulation of the Standard Model coupled to gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Chou, Ching-Yi; Soo, Chopin

    2013-01-01

    Using the affine group formalism, we perform a nonperturbative quantization leading to the construction of elements of a physical Hilbert space for full, Lorentzian quantum gravity coupled to the Standard Model in four spacetime dimensions. This paper constitutes a first step toward understanding the phenomenology of quantum gravitational effects stemming from a consistent treatment of minimal couplings to matter.

  8. Wave groups in uni-directional surface-wave models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groesen, van E.

    1998-01-01

    Uni-directional wave models are used to study wave groups that appear in wave tanks of hydrodynamic laboratories; characteristic for waves in such tanks is that the wave length is rather small, comparable to the depth of the layer. In second-order theory, the resulting Nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) eq

  9. On the renormalization group transformation for scalar hierarchical models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koch, H. (Texas Univ., Austin (USA). Dept. of Mathematics); Wittwer, P. (Geneva Univ. (Switzerland). Dept. de Physique Theorique)

    1991-06-01

    We give a new proof for the existence of a non-Gaussian hierarchical renormalization group fixed point, using what could be called a beta-function for this problem. We also discuss the asymptotic behavior of this fixed point, and the connection between the hierarchical models of Dyson and Gallavotti. (orig.).

  10. Research on Effectiveness Modeling of the Online Chat Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hua-Fei Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The online chat group is a small-scale multiuser social networking platform, in which users participate in the discussions and send and receive information. Online chat group service providers are concerned about the number of active members because more active members means more advertising revenues. For the group owners and members, efficiency of information acquisition is the concern. So it is of great value to model these two indicators’ impacting factors. This paper deduces the mathematical models of the number of active members and efficiency of information acquisition and then conducts numerical experiment. The experimental results provide evidences about how to improve the number of active members and efficiency of information acquisition.

  11. Genetic counselling and testing in cardiomyopathies : a position statement of the European Society of Cardiology Working Group on Myocardial and Pericardial Diseases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Charron, Philippe; Arad, Michael; Arbustini, Eloisa; Basso, Cristina; Bilinska, Zofia; Elliott, Perry; Helio, Tiina; Keren, Andre; McKenna, William J.; Monserrat, Lorenzo; Pankuweit, Sabine; Perrot, Andreas; Rapezzi, Claudio; Ristic, Arsen; Seggewiss, Hubert; van Langen, Irene; Tavazzi, Luigi

    2010-01-01

    Advances in molecular genetics present new opportunities and challenges for cardiologists who manage patients and families with cardiomyopathies. The aims of this position statement of the European Society of Cardiology Working Group on Myocardial and Pericardial Diseases are to review the general i

  12. The Cognitive Complexity in Modelling the Group Decision Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barna Iantovics

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper investigates for some basic contextual factors (such
    us the problem complexity, the users' creativity and the problem space complexity the cognitive complexity associated with modelling the group decision processes (GDP in e-meetings. The analysis is done by conducting a socio-simulation experiment for an envisioned collaborative software tool that acts as a stigmergic environment for modelling the GDP. The simulation results revels some interesting design guidelines for engineering some contextual functionalities that minimize the cognitive complexity associated with modelling the GDP.

  13. A tree-based model for homogeneous groupings of multinomials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Tae Young

    2005-11-30

    The motivation of this paper is to provide a tree-based method for grouping multinomial data according to their classification probability vectors. We produce an initial tree by binary recursive partitioning whereby multinomials are successively split into two subsets and the splits are determined by maximizing the likelihood function. If the number of multinomials k is too large, we propose to order the multinomials, and then build the initial tree based on a dramatically smaller number k-1 of possible splits. The tree is then pruned from the bottom up. The pruning process involves a sequence of hypothesis tests of a single homogeneous group against the alternative that there are two distinct, internally homogeneous groups. As pruning criteria, the Bayesian information criterion and the Wilcoxon rank-sum test are proposed. The tree-based model is illustrated on genetic sequence data. Homogeneous groupings of genetic sequences present new opportunities to understand and align these sequences.

  14. Introduction to the IWA task group on biofilm modeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noguera, D R; Morgenroth, E

    2004-01-01

    An International Water Association (IWA) Task Group on Biofilm Modeling was created with the purpose of comparatively evaluating different biofilm modeling approaches. The task group developed three benchmark problems for this comparison, and used a diversity of modeling techniques that included analytical, pseudo-analytical, and numerical solutions to the biofilm problems. Models in one, two, and three dimensional domains were also compared. The first benchmark problem (BM1) described a monospecies biofilm growing in a completely mixed reactor environment and had the purpose of comparing the ability of the models to predict substrate fluxes and concentrations for a biofilm system of fixed total biomass and fixed biomass density. The second problem (BM2) represented a situation in which substrate mass transport by convection was influenced by the hydrodynamic conditions of the liquid in contact with the biofilm. The third problem (BM3) was designed to compare the ability of the models to simulate multispecies and multisubstrate biofilms. These three benchmark problems allowed identification of the specific advantages and disadvantages of each modeling approach. A detailed presentation of the comparative analyses for each problem is provided elsewhere in these proceedings.

  15. Real space renormalization group theory of disordered models of glasses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angelini, Maria Chiara; Biroli, Giulio

    2017-03-28

    We develop a real space renormalization group analysis of disordered models of glasses, in particular of the spin models at the origin of the random first-order transition theory. We find three fixed points, respectively, associated with the liquid state, with the critical behavior, and with the glass state. The latter two are zero-temperature ones; this provides a natural explanation of the growth of effective activation energy scale and the concomitant huge increase of relaxation time approaching the glass transition. The lower critical dimension depends on the nature of the interacting degrees of freedom and is higher than three for all models. This does not prevent 3D systems from being glassy. Indeed, we find that their renormalization group flow is affected by the fixed points existing in higher dimension and in consequence is nontrivial. Within our theoretical framework, the glass transition results in an avoided phase transition.

  16. 团体心理辅导对职业高中学生学习适应性影响%The Influence of Group Counseling on Learning Adaptability of Vocational High School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玲

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the influence of group counseling on vocational high school students'learning adaptability.Methods:One class in vocational high school were selected randomly as experimental class.Based on the analysis of survey results,seven times of group counseling were designed and implemented for experimental class.Results:①Vocational high school students'learning adaptability was low,the scores on AAT and "learning attitude;learning skill,learning environment"were no more than 45.②The difference of AAT score in experimental class was significant(t=2.88,P<0.01).③The difference of"learning attitude(t=2.48,P<0.05),learning environment(t=3.02,P<0.01),physical and mental health( t =2.16,P <0.05)"on AAT in experimental class were significant.Conclusion:Group counseling can improve and keep vocational high school students'learning adaptability.%目的:探讨团体心理辅导对职业高中学生学习适应性的影响。方法:随机选取职高一个班的学生作为实验班。在对被试初测结果分析的基础上,设计并实施7次团体心理辅导活动,最后分析比较前后测结果。结果:①职高学生学习适应性偏低,学习适应性测验( AAT)总分标准分和“学习态度、学习技巧、学习环境”3个分量表标准分均小于45分;②实验班学习适应性测验总分前后测差异显著(t=2.88,P<0.01);③实验班在学习适应性的“学习态度(t=2.48,P<0.05)”、“学习环境(t=3.02,P<0.01)”、“心身健康(t=2.16,P<0.05)”3个方面差异有统计学意义。结论:团体心理辅导有利于提高并保持职业高中学生的学习适应性。

  17. Renormalisation group improved leptogenesis in family symmetry models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cooper, Iain K., E-mail: ikc1g08@soton.ac.uk [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); King, Stephen F., E-mail: king@soton.ac.uk [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Luhn, Christoph, E-mail: christoph.luhn@durham.ac.uk [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom); Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, University of Durham, Durham, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

    2012-06-11

    We study renormalisation group (RG) corrections relevant for leptogenesis in the case of family symmetry models such as the Altarelli-Feruglio A{sub 4} model of tri-bimaximal lepton mixing or its extension to tri-maximal mixing. Such corrections are particularly relevant since in large classes of family symmetry models, to leading order, the CP violating parameters of leptogenesis would be identically zero at the family symmetry breaking scale, due to the form dominance property. We find that RG corrections violate form dominance and enable such models to yield viable leptogenesis at the scale of right-handed neutrino masses. More generally, the results of this paper show that RG corrections to leptogenesis cannot be ignored for any family symmetry model involving sizeable neutrino and {tau} Yukawa couplings.

  18. Work group diversity and group performance: an integrative model and research agenda.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Knippenberg, Daan; De Dreu, Carsten K W; Homan, Astrid C

    2004-12-01

    Research on the relationship between work group diversity and performance has yielded inconsistent results. To address this problem, the authors propose the categorization-elaboration model (CEM), which reconceptualizes and integrates information/decision making and social categorization perspectives on work-group diversity and performance. The CEM incorporates mediator and moderator variables that typically have been ignored in diversity research and incorporates the view that information/decision making and social categorization processes interact such that intergroup biases flowing from social categorization disrupt the elaboration (in-depth processing) of task-relevant information and perspectives. In addition, the authors propose that attempts to link the positive and negative effects of diversity to specific types of diversity should be abandoned in favor of the assumption that all dimensions of diversity may have positive as well as negative effects. The ways in which these propositions may set the agenda for future research in diversity are discussed.

  19. Morphodynamic modeling of an embayed beach under wave group forcing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reniers, A. J. H. M.; Roelvink, J. A.; Thornton, E. B.

    2004-01-01

    The morphodynamic response of the nearshore zone of an embayed beach induced by wave groups is examined with a numerical model. The model utilizes the nonlinear shallow water equations to phase resolve the mean and infragravity motions in combination with an advection-diffusion equation for the sediment transport. The sediment transport associated with the short-wave asymmetry is accounted for by means of a time-integrated contribution of the wave nonlinearity using stream function theory. The two-dimensional (2-D) computations consider wave group energy made up of directionally spread, short waves with a zero mean approach angle with respect to the shore normal, incident on an initially alongshore uniform barred beach. Prior to the 2-D computations, the model is calibrated with prototype flume measurements of waves, currents, and bed level changes during erosive and accretive conditions. The most prominent feature of the 2-D model computations is the development of an alongshore quasi-periodic bathymetry of shoals cut by rip channels. Without directional spreading, the smallest alongshore separation of the rip channels is obtained, and the beach response is self-organizing in nature. Introducing a small amount of directional spreading (less than 2°) results in a strong increase in the alongshore length scales as the beach response changes from self-organizing to being quasi-forced. A further increase in directional spreading leads again to smaller length scales. The hypothesized correlation between the observed rip spacing and wave group forced edge waves over the initially alongshore uniform bathymetry is not found. However, there is a correlation between the alongshore length scales of the wave group-induced quasi-steady flow circulations and the eventual alongshore spacing of the rip channels. This suggests that the scouring associated with the quasi-steady flow induced by the initial wave groups triggers the development of rip channels via a positive feedback

  20. Graphs of groups on surfaces interactions and models

    CERN Document Server

    White, AT

    2001-01-01

    The book, suitable as both an introductory reference and as a text book in the rapidly growing field of topological graph theory, models both maps (as in map-coloring problems) and groups by means of graph imbeddings on sufaces. Automorphism groups of both graphs and maps are studied. In addition connections are made to other areas of mathematics, such as hypergraphs, block designs, finite geometries, and finite fields. There are chapters on the emerging subfields of enumerative topological graph theory and random topological graph theory, as well as a chapter on the composition of English

  1. Effects of Group Psychotherapy, Individual Counseling, Methylphenidate, and Placebo in the Treatment of Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philipsen, Alexandra; Jans, Thomas; Graf, Erika; Matthies, Swantje; Borel, Patricia; Colla, Michael; Gentschow, Laura; Langner, Daina; Jacob, Christian; Groß-Lesch, Silke; Sobanski, Esther; Alm, Barbara; Schumacher-Stien, Martina; Roesler, Michael; Retz, Wolfgang; Retz-Junginger, Petra; Kis, Bernhard; Abdel-Hamid, Mona; Heinrich, Viola; Huss, Michael; Kornmann, Catherine; Bürger, Arne; Perlov, Evgeniy; Ihorst, Gabriele; Schlander, Michael; Berger, Mathias; Tebartz van Elst, Ludger

    2015-12-01

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with high prevalence in adulthood. There is a recognized need to assess the efficacy of psychotherapy in adult ADHD. To evaluate the efficacy of cognitive behavioral group psychotherapy (GPT) compared with individual clinical management (CM) and that of methylphenidate hydrochloride compared with placebo. Prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial of 18- to 58-year-old outpatients with ADHD from 7 German study centers. Patients were recruited between January 2007 and August 2010, treatment was finalized in August 2011, and final follow-up assessments occurred in March 2013. Sessions of GPT and CM were held weekly for the first 12 weeks and monthly thereafter (9 months). Patients received either methylphenidate or placebo for 1 year. The primary outcome was the change in the ADHD Index of the Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scale from baseline to the end of the 3-month intensive treatment (blinded observer ratings). Secondary outcomes included ADHD ratings after 1 year, blinded observer ratings using the Clinical Global Impression Scale, and self-ratings of depression. Among 1480 prescreened patients, 518 were assessed for eligibility, 433 were centrally randomized, and 419 were analyzed as randomized. After 3 months, the ADHD Index all-group baseline mean of 20.6 improved to adjusted means of 17.6 for GPT and 16.5 for CM, with no significant difference between groups. Methylphenidate (adjusted mean, 16.2) was superior to placebo (adjusted mean, 17.9) (difference, -1.7; 97.5% CI, -3.0 to -0.4; P = .003). After 1 year, treatment effects remained essentially stable. Descriptive analyses showed that methylphenidate was superior to placebo in patients assigned to GPT (difference, -1.7; 95% CI, -3.2 to -0.1; P = .04) or CM (difference, -1.7; 95% CI, -3.3 to -0.2; P = .03). Regarding depression, no significant differences were found. In contrast, GPT was superior to CM for all

  2. Controlling Depersonalized Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balistrieri, Tom

    1982-01-01

    Outlines Gestalt therapy techniques to increase active listening and counselor/client involvement in career counseling. Discusses awareness through dialog, role playing or "presentizing," and experiential "presentizing." Presents a sample dialog as illustration. (RC)

  3. Therapy and Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... can give you tools to help fight low self-esteem and depression.Therapy can help treat a variety ... trained in psychotherapy include professionals representing psychiatry, clinical psychology, mental health counseling, clinical social work, marriage and ...

  4. Counseling Black Adolescent Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Gwendolyn C.

    1974-01-01

    Black adolescent parents need counsel from social workers who are able to intervene with a discerning knowledge of concepts, such as neocolonialism, survival, and liberation, that are important to them and to the black community. (Author)

  5. Tensor renormalization group methods for spin and gauge models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Haiyuan

    The analysis of the error of perturbative series by comparing it to the exact solution is an important tool to understand the non-perturbative physics of statistical models. For some toy models, a new method can be used to calculate higher order weak coupling expansion and modified perturbation theory can be constructed. However, it is nontrivial to generalize the new method to understand the critical behavior of high dimensional spin and gauge models. Actually, it is a big challenge in both high energy physics and condensed matter physics to develop accurate and efficient numerical algorithms to solve these problems. In this thesis, one systematic way named tensor renormalization group method is discussed. The applications of the method to several spin and gauge models on a lattice are investigated. theoretically, the new method allows one to write an exact representation of the partition function of models with local interactions. E.g. O(N) models, Z2 gauge models and U(1) gauge models. Practically, by using controllable approximations, results in both finite volume and the thermodynamic limit can be obtained. Another advantage of the new method is that it is insensitive to sign problems for models with complex coupling and chemical potential. Through the new approach, the Fisher's zeros of the 2D O(2) model in the complex coupling plane can be calculated and the finite size scaling of the results agrees well with the Kosterlitz-Thouless assumption. Applying the method to the O(2) model with a chemical potential, new phase diagram of the models can be obtained. The structure of the tensor language may provide a new tool to understand phase transition properties in general.

  6. Real-space renormalization group approach to the Anderson model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Eamonn

    Many of the most interesting electronic behaviours currently being studied are associated with strong correlations. In addition, many of these materials are disordered either intrinsically or due to doping. Solving interacting systems exactly is extremely computationally expensive, and approximate techniques developed for strongly correlated systems are not easily adapted to include disorder. As a non-interacting disordered model, it makes sense to consider the Anderson model as a first step in developing an approximate method of solution to the interacting and disordered Anderson-Hubbard model. Our renormalization group (RG) approach is modeled on that proposed by Johri and Bhatt [23]. We found an error in their work which we have corrected in our procedure. After testing the execution of the RG, we benchmarked the density of states and inverse participation ratio results against exact diagonalization. Our approach is significantly faster than exact diagonalization and is most accurate in the limit of strong disorder.

  7. Evaluation of culturally appropriate health counselling to prevent lifestyle-related diseases and its modification for practical use as the new ABC model of culturally appropriate counselling for Japanese public health nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marutani, Miki; Tamura, Sugako; Miyazaki, Misako; Amamiya, Yuko

    2013-04-01

    This study evaluates culturally appropriate health counselling to prevent lifestyle-related diseases and suggests modifications of the method for practical use. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 public health nurses (PHNs) in seven cities with different cultural backgrounds. Data were analysed qualitatively with the following research questions: Do we need to add other cultural factors to the previous six categories or to improve their expression for practical use? Are the methods for using cultural factors valid and expressed in appropriate language for practical use? The original factors were re-categorized into three classifications-Values, Styles and Relationships-using colloquial expressions. The original methods of using cultural factors were re-categorized and modified into five phases: Assessment, Acceptance, Awareness, Balance and Connection. The names of the methods were also modified. Modified culturally appropriate health counselling is easily understandable by any PHN and highlights the unique Japanese culture and style of public health nurses.

  8. 38 CFR 21.3100 - Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Counseling. 21.3100.... Chapter 35 Counseling § 21.3100 Counseling. (a) Purpose of counseling. The purpose of counseling is to...)) (b) Availability of counseling. Counseling assistance is available for— (1) Identifying and...

  9. Stochastic group selection model for the evolution of altruism

    CERN Document Server

    Silva, A T C; Silva, Ana T. C.

    1999-01-01

    We study numerically and analytically a stochastic group selection model in which a population of asexually reproducing individuals, each of which can be either altruist or non-altruist, is subdivided into $M$ reproductively isolated groups (demes) of size $N$. The cost associated with being altruistic is modelled by assigning the fitness $1- \\tau$, with $\\tau \\in [0,1]$, to the altruists and the fitness 1 to the non-altruists. In the case that the altruistic disadvantage $\\tau$ is not too large, we show that the finite $M$ fluctuations are small and practically do not alter the deterministic results obtained for $M \\to \\infty$. However, for large $\\tau$ these fluctuations greatly increase the instability of the altruistic demes to mutations. These results may be relevant to the dynamics of parasite-host systems and, in particular, to explain the importance of mutation in the evolution of parasite virulence.

  10. Ensemble renormalization group for the random-field hierarchical model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Decelle, Aurélien; Parisi, Giorgio; Rocchi, Jacopo

    2014-03-01

    The renormalization group (RG) methods are still far from being completely understood in quenched disordered systems. In order to gain insight into the nature of the phase transition of these systems, it is common to investigate simple models. In this work we study a real-space RG transformation on the Dyson hierarchical lattice with a random field, which leads to a reconstruction of the RG flow and to an evaluation of the critical exponents of the model at T=0. We show that this method gives very accurate estimations of the critical exponents by comparing our results with those obtained by some of us using an independent method.

  11. Predicting Factors of Drop Out Counseling Process in University Psychological Counseling and Guidance Center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omer OZER

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Objective: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the predicting factors the drop out the counseling process. Methods: The study group consists of 555 college students admitted to a Counseling and Guidance Center (CGC and participated in at least one session of counseling after the first view in the 2013-2014 academic year. As a data collection tool, an “Application Form” on the demographic information and the “Brief Symptom Inventory” was applied to the students; and independent samples t-test and binary logistic regression techniques were used in the analysis of the collected data. Results: According to the analysis results, the age of the students attending the counseling process was found to be higher than those who drop out, but no significant difference was found in their psychometric properties in terms of continuation of the counseling process. Only the age of clients and their previous psychiatric help history was found to predict the dropping out counseling process early. Conclusion: Drop outs are less frequently observed in clients having a previous psychiatric help experience. In addition, it was determined that older clients less frequently drop out the counseling process

  12. A primary care approach for adolescent care and counseling services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, M K C; Chacko, D S; Indira, M S; Siju, K E; George, Babu; Russell, P S

    2012-01-01

    Adolescents can have mental, emotional, and behavior problems that are a source of stress for the child as well as the family, school and community. These may disrupt the adolescent's ability to function normally. Adolescents also have reproductive concerns especially at menarche. Considering the extent of problems of adolescents and the lack of adolescent care and counseling services, it was felt that community adolescent care counseling services should be made available. This article describes the steps involved in the setting up of Taluk model of adolescent care and counseling services. Following steps were involved in setting up a Taluk model of adolescent care counseling service delivery system. Step I: Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) among Stakeholders. Step II: Conceptualization and Strategy planning for service delivery. III: Finalization of service delivery model Step IV: Workshops for finalization of TSQ-T 2008 version the tool to be used for assessing the adolescents in the ARSH clinics. Step V: Training Programme for Medical/Paramedical health staff. Step VI: Awareness programs for mothers of adolescents. Step VII: Setting up of ACS/ARSH clinics at Taluk hospitals. Step VIII: Evaluation of the utilization of services at Taluk hospitals. The clinic has been well utilized with 1,588 adolescents being seen in 2 years. Medical and Reproductive problems among adolescent girls were anemia, underweight, dysmenorrhoea, menstrual irregularities and symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, whereas among boys problems were mostly related to concerns about masturbation and its perceived ill effects. The psychosocial problems ranged from minor anxieties, sadness and adjustment problems to psychiatric disorders. Scholastic problems included poor concentration, poor study habits and low intelligence quotient. The success of the clinics in these five hospitals can be replicated in other parts of the state as well as the country. These will go a long way to ameliorate

  13. Quasi hope algebras, group cohomology and orbifold models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dijkgraaf, R.; Pasquier, V.; Roche, P.

    1991-01-01

    We construct non trivial quasi Hopf algebras associated to any finite group G and any element of H3( G, U(1)). We analyze in details the set of representations of these algebras and show that we recover the main interesting datas attached to particular orbifolds of Rational Conformal Field Theory or equivalently to the topological field theories studied by R. Dijkgraaf and E. Witten. This leads us to the construction of the R-matrix structure in non abelian RCFT orbifold models.

  14. Applying OWA operator to model group behaviors in uncertain QFD

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    It is a crucial step to derive the priority order of design requirements (DRs) from customer requirements (CRs) in quality function deployment (QFD). However, it is not straightforward to prioritize DRs due to two types of uncertainties: human subjective perception and user variability. This paper proposes an OWA based group decision-making approach to uncertain QFD with an application to a flexible manufacturing system design. The proposed model performs computations solely based on the orde...

  15. Class barriers to psychotherapy and counselling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ollerton, I

    1995-01-01

    This paper focuses on the barriers to the uptake of counselling and psychotherapy from a social class perspective. It begins with a definition of class before discussing particular aspects that inhibit uptake. Barriers focused upon are those regarding travel, costs, child care, appointment times and location of actual therapists. Likewise barriers to the effective outcome, for example cognitive and verbal abilities of clients, are addressed and the way in which these barriers inhibit the referral rate from particular social groups. Finally the self-imposed barriers of certain social groups are explored regarding self exile from the counselling arena.

  16. The Plate Model: a visual method of teaching meal planning. DAIS Project Group. Diabetes Atherosclerosis Intervention Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camelon, K M; Hådell, K; Jämsén, P T; Ketonen, K J; Kohtamäki, H M; Mäkimatilla, S; Törmälä, M L; Valve, R H

    1998-10-01

    Dietitians from Canada, Finland, France, and Sweden have explored methods of teaching meal planning to persons with diabetes and dyslipidemia in the Diabetes Atherosclerosis Intervention Study. The Plate Model, a method commonly used in Europe, is a simple alternative to the traditional exchange-based method for teaching meal planning. In this visual method, a dinner plate serves as a pie chart to show proportions of the plate that should be covered by various food groups. Portions of foods and appropriate food choices can be depicted for meals and snacks in assorted forms of the model. Methods of presenting the model range from professional photography to hand-drawn sketches and displays of food replicas. Benefits of the model for adult learners include enhancement of the connection between dietary theory and practice, promotion of memory retention and understanding through visual messages, and experience of a positive approach to nutrition counseling. Various cuisines and festive foods can be incorporated into the model. The Plate Model offers a meal planning approach that is simple and versatile. The effectiveness of the model and its applications to other populations need to be evaluated.

  17. Intervention effectiveness of group psychology counseling on the middle school students ' psychological reconstruction after the Sichuan Earthquake%团体心理辅导对四川震后中学生心理重建的干预效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宁霞; 翟瑞; 沈莎

    2011-01-01

    目的 探索积极心理学取向下的团体心理辅导对灾后中学生心理重建的干预效果,为改善灾区中学生的心理健康状况提供依据.方法 以四川北川中学和绵阳东辰国际学校470名学生作为干预组,进行积极团体心理辅导;以安县中学、北川西苑中学、安县桑枣中学458名学生为对照组,不进行任何干预.在实施团体心理辅导前、后采用中学生心理健康量表(MSSMHS)进行测量.结果 干预组与对照组在团体心理辅导后心理健康水平差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).与对照组相比,在学习压力、焦虑、情绪不稳、人际敏感等较为突出的问题上,干预组学生有明显改善.结论 以积极心理学理论为指导开展的团体心理辅导活动,可有效改善灾区中学生的心理健康状况.%Objective To explore the group psychology counseling intervention effectiveness on the middle school students' psychological reconstruction after the Sichuan Earthquake. Methods A total of 470 students of the Beichuan Middle School and Mianyang Dongchen International School were selected as the intervention group, who were counseled by group positive psychology counseling and 458 students of the An County Middle School, Beichuan West Court School and An County Sangzao School were selected as the control group without any intervention. The Middle School Student Mental Health Scale( MSSMHS) was adopted to measure the mental health status before and after the group psychology counseling. Results After the group psychology counseling, statistical significant difference was found between the intervention group and control group on the factors of learning preasure, anxiety, emotional lability and personal sensitivity( P <0. 0l ). Conclusion The group psychology counseling activity directed by the positive psychology theory can effectively improve the psychological health state of the middle school students in the disaster area.

  18. 大学生自我认识与自我接纳团体辅导方案%On the Group Counseling Program for College Students' Self-recognition and Self-acceptance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    In recent years' work, the writer finds that there exist problems in college students' self-recognition and self-accep-tance with the popularization of higher education and more and more severe social competition, and they affect college students' development. In order to solve the problems, the writer carefully designed a group counseling program for college students' self-recognition and self-acceptance, which has been widely im-plemented in this school and it has achieved prominent effect.%  笔者在近几年的工作中发现,随着高等教育的普及和社会竞争的日趋激烈,很多大学生在自我认同和自我接纳方面存在问题,且这一问题严重影响了学生的成长和成才。为解决这一问题带给学生的困扰,笔者精心设计了“大学生自我认识与自我接纳”团体辅导方案。此方案已在我校广泛开展,效果显著,对其他高校开展同类活动具有很好的参考价值。

  19. 团体心理咨询对手术室护士心理状况的干预效果%Intervention effect of group psychological counseling on mental status of nurses in Operating Room

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚娜娜; 周爱萍; 谢青青; 陈婷婷

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解手术室护士的心理状况,评价团体心理咨询对手术室护士心理状况的干预效果。方法采取便利抽样的方法抽取某军区的5家军队医院及淮安市2家三级医院,采取整群抽样的方法抽取122名手术室护士,采取调查问卷的方法调查122名手术室护士的心理状况,将32名心理评估阳性者进行为期8次的团体心理咨询,咨询后再次进行问卷调查及比较,同时使用焦虑与抑郁自评量表进行前后评估。结果122名手术室护士SCL-90量表中躯体化、焦虑、抑郁、强迫、人际关系敏感、恐怖因子均分分别为(1.88±0.76),(1.78±0.80),(1.95±0.88),(2.05±0.84),(1.84±0.75),(1.43±0.72)分,均高于中国常模,差异有统计学意义(t值分别为7.41,5.38,5.65,5.65,2.80,3.07;P<0.05);焦虑量表、抑郁量表得分分别为(46.40±6.53),(51.82±8.87)分,均高于中国常模,差异有统计学意义(t值分别为4.06,12.38;P<0.05)。参加团体心理咨询的32名手术室护士干预前SCL-90量表中躯体化、焦虑、抑郁、强迫、人际关系敏感评分分别为(2.01±0.87),(1.88±0.75),(2.00±0.98),(2.13±0.94),(1.96±0.79)分,均高于干预后,差异有统计学意义(t值分别为2.56,2.20,2.13,2.20,2.09;P<0.05);焦虑、抑郁量表得分分别为(45.58±6.47),(42.25±11.24)分,低于干预前的(59.84±7.24),(61.76±6.32)分,差异有统计学意义(t值分别为8.31,8.56;P<0.01)。结论团体心理咨询可有效改善手术室护士的心理状况。%Objective To understand nurses′ psychological status in Operating Room ( OR ) and evaluate the intervention effect of group psychological counseling on OR nurses. Methods The questionnaire survey was adopted to investigate 122 OR nurses′ mental status in 5 military hospitals and 3 local level three hospitals by chester sampling. A total of 32 nurses in whole, who had positive symptom of psychological assessment, received group psychological counseling 8 times

  20. Drawing on Elements of Group Counseling to Improve the Effectiveness of Higher Vocational Class Construction%借鉴团体心理辅导元素 提高高职班级建设成效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹秋云

    2011-01-01

    班级是高职院校对学生实施管理的基本单位,高职班级建设的成效直接影响高职院校教育措施的落实,对高职学生发展也有着重要的影响作用。在高职班级建设中,借鉴团体心理辅导对高职班级建设的有益元素,可有效突破高职班级建设中理念与方法的局限,提高高职班级建设成效,促进高职班级教育功能的强化。%The class is the basic unit of the implementation of the management in higher vocational colleges.The effectiveness of the class construction directly influences the implementation of measures of higher vocational education,and the development of vocational students.Referencing beneficial elements of group counseling can effectively break through the limitations of ideas and methods in the construction of higher vocational classes,and promote the construction effect and strengthening the function of education