Sample records for ground combat command

  1. Applying the Combatant Command Construct to the DHS Command Structure (United States)


    human trafficking, insurgency, narcotics smuggling, and even narco -terrorism. As described in a Strategic Studies Institute publication “…Unrestrained...of El Chapo ,” The Virginian-Pilot, October 29, 2011. 39 Naler, “Are We Ready for and Interagency Combatant Command?”, p. 26. 63 concerns...Publication 1. Washington, DC: Joint Chiefs of Staff, May 2, 2007. William Booth and Nick Miroff, “The Ballad of El Chapo ,” The Virginian Pilot

  2. Aerodynamics of Combat Aircraft Controls and of Ground Effects (L’Aerodynamique des Commandes des Avions de Combat et des Effets de Sol) (United States)


    maneuverability and short field capability. Mangold and Wedekind (ref 16) addressed some of the same issues as Ref 1, but with an emphasis on pitch...Deployment on the Transient Forces on an Aerofoil" 16. Mangold, P., Wedekind , G., "Inflight Thrust Vectoring - A Further Degree of Freedom in the...Aerodynamic/Flightmechanical Design of Modern Fighter Aicraft" 17. Holmes, M.,, "A Propulsion View of Ground Effects Research" 12 18. Wedekind , G

  3. The Digital GCC: USCYBERCOM As a Combatant Command (United States)


    AU/ACSC/HELMS /AY15 AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY THE DIGITAL GCC: USCYBERCOM AS A COMBATANT COMMAND by...Unified Command Plan (UCP). AU/ACSC/HELMS/AY15 4 Contents The Digital GCC: USCYBERCOM as a Unified Combatant Command...left USCYBERCOM open to multiple reporting up- channels headed by competing interest principals and comprised of a variety of fragmented organizations

  4. Defense Headquarters: Geographic Combatant Commands Rely on Subordinate Commands for Mission Management and Execution (United States)


    Additionally, in November 2015, the Secretary of Defense directed a review of DOD’s organizational structures and is considering a number of actions... changes have occurred since the 2011 Unified Command Plan was published. Page 2 GAO-16-652R Defense Headquarters sufficiently reliable for the...commands. • We found that the combatant commands utilize subordinate commands to execute assigned missions. The organizational construct DOD created

  5. Passive Fuel Tank Inerting Systems for Ground Combat Vehicles (United States)


    34Fire Protection Handbook,"Natioaal girt Pro~dction Association (NFPA), 14th es., Dos on, cu (January 1976) 25 American Petroleum Institute, API ...System on the X60 Series Combat Vehicles," Report No. 79-04A, U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research and Development I Command, DRDTA-V, Warren, MI (October

  6. Combat Stress and Its Impacts for Fighter Squadron Commanders. (United States)


    experience great anxiety in the form of insomnia, loss of weight, and anorexia . He became sullen, kept to himself, and decided to request...University Quarterly Review, Vol III, No. 1, (Summer 1948), pp.26-33. 16. Lifton, Robert J., " Psychotherapy With Combat Fliers." US Armed Forces Medical

  7. Command and Control Within the Framework of a Theory of Combat (United States)


    function Is specifically to distribute Force (as defined above) In time and space to accomplish combat missions. The JCS definition of C2 speaks of four...battle will have an eight-fold difference in actual potential that can be activated. Almost no skiil of command decision and execution on the field of

  8. Rescinding the Ground Combat Exclusion Policy (United States)


    military. Many opponents believe that the military is being used as an experiment to "further social change in our society without regard for military...Miller, " Feminism and the Exclusion of Army Women from Combat," in Women in the Military, ed. Rita James Simon (New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction...index.php/issuepapers (accessed November 23, 2010). Miller, Laura L. " Feminism and the Exclusion of Army Women from Combat." In Women in the Military

  9. The Unified Command Plan and Combatant Commands: Background and Issues for Congress (United States)


    Structure, and Arms Control Issues, by Amy F. Woolf . 49 Statement of General C. Robert Kehler, Commander, United States Strategic Command before the simulated chemical, radiological, and explosive hazards, conducted in California and Virginia . In the same month, USNORTHCOM supported the...protecting the District of Columbia and neighboring counties and cities of Maryland and northern Virginia . JFHQ-NCR draws together the existing resources

  10. Improving Air Force Command and Control Through Enhanced Agile Combat Support Planning, Execution, Monitoring, and Control Processes (United States)


    assess, plan, execute [ MAPE ] model) are an integral part of Air Force enterprise and joint command and control capability. In the revised copy of Air...operations. 2 Similar in construct, the Air Force uses the MAPE model when discussing ACS processes. 3 In the revised copy of AFDD 1, dated November 12, 2010...MAJCOM major command xliv Improving Air Force C2 Through Enhanced Agile Combat Support Processes MAJCOM/CC commander, major command MAPE monitor, assess

  11. The Glass Ceiling - A Question of Joint Officer Development - Why Only Five USAF Geographic Combatant Commanders? (United States)


    26-07-2010 2. REPORT TYPE Master’s Thesis 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 26-07-2010 to 17-06-2011 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE The Glass Ceiling -- A...SCHOOL THE GLASS CEILING – A QUESTION OF JOINT OFFICER DEVELOPMENT – WHY ONLY FIVE USAF GEOGRAPHIC COMBATANT COMMANDERS? by David M...decision making skills to senior military and civilian leaders. In doing so, the USAF can finally shatter and eliminate the glass ceiling , that only

  12. A Joint Force Medical Command is Required to Fix Combat Casualty Care (United States)


    all-volunteer military and similar programs evolved to train the majority of medical specialists the military required ranging from medics to nurse, nursing , pharmacy, radiology and laboratory services, and also have a basic understanding of what a hospital does when it is established...A Joint Force Medical Command is Required to Fix Combat Casualty Care by Colonel Shawn C. Nessen United States Army Pr og ra

  13. Selected Foreign Counterparts of U.S. Army Ground Combat Systems and Implications for Combat Operations and Modernization (United States)


    not have a new ground combat vehicle under development and “at current funding levels, the Bradley and Abrams will remain in the inventory for 50...time since World War I, that the Army does not have a new ground combat vehicle under development and “at current funding levels, the Bradley and...Jane’s Land Warfare Platforms Armoured Fighting Vehicles, 2016-2017; IHS Jane’s Armour and Artillery, 2011-2012; and unclassified information provided to

  14. Assessing the impact of reduced airspeed on tiltrotor support to ground combat

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Warshawsky, A.S.; Olness, D.U.; Uzelac, M.J.


    This paper reports the sensitivity of assessments of tiltrotor effectiveness for supporting ground combat to reductions in airspeed of V-22s carrying external sling loads. Attrition to ground-based air defenses realized in the simulations is presented. Finally, results of the supported ground combat are presented. 2 refs.

  15. Description of combat and operational stress control in Regional Command East, Afghanistan. (United States)

    Ogle, Alan D; Bradley, Devvon; Santiago, Patcho; Reynolds, David


    Combat and Operational Stress Control (COSC) continues to be a vital component of medical operations in support of military forces serving in Afghanistan in Operation Enduring Freedom and elsewhere. Although numerous studies cover postdeployment mental health, and several cover in-theater conditions, data on behavioral health clinical service provision are presented here to elucidate from COSC provider "boots on the ground" how operations have been executed in one part of the Operation Enduring Freedom theater between 2007 and 2010. The most common types of stressors that led to care included combat, mission demands, home front concerns, and relationships with leaders and peers within units. Classes and consultation for sleep difficulties and anger management were of high interest. Frequent behavioral health diagnoses were depressive and anxiety disorders as well as exacerbation of a previously diagnosed condition. Management of suicidality and other psychiatric emergencies are discussed, as well as care outcomes. The authors present lessons learned regarding the importance of Operational Relationships/Tactical Politics, reducing stigma and barriers to care, collaboration with chaplains, and other strategies seen as supporting COSC success.

  16. Battalion Command in Combat. Forward Edge of Combat Power: A Leadership Analysis of Selected Battalion Commanders in Combat in World War II, Korea and Vietnam with Implications for Future Combat Leaders (United States)


    blocks for any study of leadership. Of course, the entire collection of COL Mike Malone’s writings are essential to leadership studies. Especially good are...Army Command and General Staff College, 1 April 1988. U.S. Army FORSCOM Miscellaneous Publication 600-1, The Trailwatcher: A Collection of COL Mike ...34 Monograph, School of Advanced Military Studies, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College, Ft. Leavenworth, KS, 1 December 1986. Devilbiss , M. C

  17. Suitability of Agent Technology for Military Command and Control in the Future Combat System Environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Potok, TE


    The U.S. Army is faced with the challenge of dramatically improving its war fighting capability through advanced technologies. Any new technology must provide significant improvement over existing technologies, yet be reliable enough to provide a fielded system. The focus of this paper is to assess the novelty and maturity of agent technology for use in the Future Combat System (FCS). The FCS concept represents the U.S. Army's ''mounted'' form of the Objective Force. This concept of vehicles, communications, and weaponry is viewed as a ''system of systems'' which includes net-centric command and control (C{sup 2}) capabilities. This networked C{sup 2} is an important transformation from the historically centralized, or platform-based, C{sup 2} function since a centralized command architecture may become a decision-making and execution bottleneck, particularly as the pace of war accelerates. A mechanism to ensure an effective network-centric C{sup 2} capacity (combining intelligence gathering and analysis available at lower levels in the military hierarchy) is needed. Achieving a networked C{sup 2} capability will require breakthroughs in current software technology. Many have proposed the use of agent technology as a potential solution. Agents are an emerging technology, and it is not yet clear whether it is suitable for addressing the networked C{sup 2} challenge, particularly in satisfying battlespace scalability, mobility, and security expectations. We have developed a set of software requirements for FCS based on military requirements for this system. We have then evaluated these software requirements against current computer science technology. This analysis provides a set of limitations in the current technology when applied to the FCS challenge. Agent technology is compared against this set of limitations to provide a means of assessing the novelty of agent technology in an FCS environment. From this analysis we

  18. The Quantified Judgement Model and Historic Ground Combat (United States)


    GEOGRAPHIC REGION NUMBER OF INCIDENTS Atlantic Community 572 Middle East 159 Asia 102 East Europe 8 Latin America 282 Africa 37 Figure 2. Distribution of...FORCE BLUE FORCE S 1500 500 OE 1.0 2.5 Q 2.0 1.5 The Combat Power Ratios are: P(r) 1500x 1.0x 2.0 -1.6 Pfb) - 500x 2.5 x 1.5 and PIb ) _ 500 x 250 x 150

  19. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 286 - Combatant Commands-Processing Procedures for FOIA Appeals (United States)


    ... FOIA Appeals A Appendix A to Part 286 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE... REGULATION Pt. 286, App. A Appendix A to Part 286—Combatant Commands—Processing Procedures for FOIA Appeals.... AP1.2.4. Consult with other OSD and DoD Components that may have a significant interest in...

  20. A study on the nondestructive test optimum design for a ground tracked combat vehicle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim Byeong Ho; Seo, Jae Hyun; Gil, Hyeon Jun [Defence Agency for Technology and Quality, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Seon Hyeong [Hanwha Techwin Co.,Ltd., Changwon (Korea, Republic of); Seo, Sang Chul [Changwon National University, Changwon (Korea, Republic of)


    In this study, a nondestructive test (NDT) is performed to inspect the optimal design of a ground tracked combat vehicle for self-propelled artillery, tank, and armored vehicles. The minimum qualification required for personnel performing the NDT of a ground tracked combat vehicle was initially established in US military standards, and then applied to the Korean defense specifications to develop a ground tracked combat vehicle. However, the qualification standards of an NDT inspector have been integrated into NAS410 through the military and commercial specifications unification project that were applied in the existing aerospace/defense industry public standard. The design method for this study was verified by applying the optimal design to the liquid penetrant testing Al forging used in self-propelled artillery. This confirmed the reliability and soundness of the product.

  1. Ground Movement Modelling in the STAR Combat Model. (United States)


    Wilbur Payne, Director U.S. Army TRADOC Systems Analysis Activity White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico 88002 19. Headquarters, Department of the Army...Agency 8120 Woodmont Avenue Attn: MOCA -SMS (CPT Steve Shupack) Bethesda, Maryland 20014 21. Commander U.S. Army Concepts Analysis Agency Attn: LTC Earl...Darden- MOCA -WG 8120 Woodmont Avenue Bethesda, MD. 20014 22. Director U.S. Army Night Vision & Electro-optical Lab. Attn: DEL-NV-VI-Mr. Bob Hermes Fort

  2. Africom at 5 years: The Maturation of a New U.S. Combatant Command (United States)


    friction between AFRICOM and U.S. Ambassadors, it has been largely operational in nature and due to the large numbers of AFRICOM temporary duty...conceptualization of AFRICOM, and resented the Command as yet another fait accompli hoist - ed on the continent by a superpower not inter- ested in listening to

  3. Evaluation of the Combat Vehicle Command and Control System. Operational Effectiveness of an Armor Battalion (United States)


    MAJ James Whitehead, the Field Unit’s Research and Development Coordinator. Mr. Ronald Kraemer, of the ARI-Fort Knox Field Unit, and Ms. Margaret ...staff included Dr. Nancy Atwood , Dr. Beverly Winsch, Dr. Laura Ford, Ms. Alicia Sawyer, Mr. Paul Smith, Ms. Frances Ainslie, MG (Ret.) Charles Heiden, Mr...combat performance in the context of armor doctrine and tactics, including unit standing operating procedures (SOPs). A third report ( Atwood , Winsch

  4. The Next Generation of Ground Operations Command and Control; Scripting in C no. and Visual Basic (United States)

    Ritter, George; Pedoto, Ramon


    Scripting languages have become a common method for implementing command and control solutions in space ground operations. The Systems Test and Operations Language (STOL), the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) Scripting Language Processor (SLP), and the Spacecraft Control Language (SCL) offer script-commands that wrap tedious operations tasks into single calls. Since script-commands are interpreted, they also offer a certain amount of hands-on control that is highly valued in space ground operations. Although compiled programs seem to be unsuited for interactive user control and are more complex to develop, Marshall Space flight Center (MSFC) has developed a product called the Enhanced and Redesign Scripting (ERS) that makes use of the graphical and logical richness of a programming language while offering the hands-on and ease of control of a scripting language. ERS is currently used by the International Space Station (ISS) Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC) Cadre team members. ERS integrates spacecraft command mnemonics, telemetry measurements, and command and telemetry control procedures into a standard programming language, while making use of Microsoft's Visual Studio for developing Visual Basic (VB) or C# ground operations procedures. ERS also allows for script-style user control during procedure execution using a robust graphical user input and output feature. The availability of VB and C# programmers, and the richness of the languages and their development environment, has allowed ERS to lower our "script" development time and maintenance costs at the Marshall POIC.

  5. Research on Architecture of Combat Agent Based- on Command Mechanism%基于指令机制的作战Agent体系结构研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘永红; 薛青; 曹波伟; 魏阳


    作战仿真已经成为部队作战仿真训练和评估的重要手段,以全面描述作战单元的战场活动为出发点,提出基于指令机制的作战Agent( Combat Agent Based Command,CABC)的概念,综合了Agent的自治性、主动性、社会性和智能性等传统特性和在军事作战过程中接受各级别指挥控制而具有的“受制性”和“强迫性”两方面的特性,更加逼真地反映作战单元在战场上的活动特点.%Combat simulation has become important means in the training and designing for combat simulation. Within the progress of researching and developing combat simulation system, how to build up the environment close to the realistic combat field is discussed. This paper has put forward the concept of Combat Agent Based Command ( CABC) according to the agent of the instruction mechanism, which has combined the autonomy and restriction into fact and can react with the agents in the environment proactively or passively. CABC is autonomous, proactive, social and intelligent.

  6. U. S.-Thailand Combatant Commander Considerations for the Asia-Pacific Rebalance (United States)


    6 As the recognized regional leader, Thailand is the linchpin for stability in Southeast Asia and critical to the U.S. strategic rebalance to Asia...Hagel stated, “economic ties and people-to-people contact with nations like Thailand provide the necessary stability for Pacific nations to focus on...commitment to the Pacific is paramount. A recognized regional leader, Thailand is the linchpin for stability in Southeast Asia and critical to the Commander

  7. Command in Air War: Centralized vs. Decentralized Control of Combat Airpower (United States)


    would like to thank them for taking the time to educate me: � Calvin ,� �Zam,� �UB,� �Stilly,� �Alien,� �Zing,� �Goldie,� �Knob,� TSgt Frank Lofton... Calvin , Gen., USA Deputy Commander, CENTCOM during Desert Storm Warden, John, Col., USAF Director of Checkmate during Desert Storm Welch, Larry, Gen...Proverbs 16:9, New American Standard Bible Air Force aircraft were not involved in the battle in Mogadishu, Somalia on October 3, 1993� Army helicopters

  8. The Next Generation of Ground Operations Command and Control; Scripting in C Sharp and Visual Basic (United States)

    Ritter, George; Pedoto, Ramon


    This slide presentation reviews the use of scripting languages in Ground Operations Command and Control. It describes the use of scripting languages in a historical context, the advantages and disadvantages of scripts. It describes the Enhanced and Redesigned Scripting (ERS) language, that was designed to combine the features of a scripting language and the graphical and IDE richness of a programming language with the utility of scripting languages. ERS uses the Microsoft Visual Studio programming environment and offers custom controls that enable an ERS developer to extend the Visual Basic and C sharp language interface with the Payload Operations Integration Center (POIC) telemetry and command system.

  9. 无人作战平台指挥控制技术%Command and Control Technology for Unmanned Combat Vehicles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李瑜; 张文玉


    无人作战平台(UCV)包括无人机(UAV)、无人艇(USV)和无人潜器(群)(UUV)等,能够在危险复杂环境中执行情报监视与侦察、目标攻击、通信中继和电子干扰等任务。作为武器作战平台,其信息化作战水平相对较低。针对智能指挥控制,重点讨论了无人作战平台的指挥控制关键技术,采用了实用的自主行为建模新技术,提出了目标分配、自主行为决策控制等研究方法。最后指出当前的技术解决方案的局限性。%Unmanned combat vehicles (UCVs) include unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), unmanned surface vehicles(USVs) and unmanned underwater vehicles(UUVs), etc. UCVs can be used to complete tasks of intelligence surveillance, target attack, communication relay, and electronic jamming in dangerous and complex environments. They cannot be used as combat vehicles in information operations. Intelligent command and control technologies for UCV are analyzed. Autonomous modeling techniques are used to solve problems of target assignment and autonomous decision control. Finally, methods and solutions are given.

  10. Air Ground Integration and the Brigade Combat Team (United States)


    throughout the year, and helping me fight my tendency to procrastinate . Her patience and understanding helped me keep things in perspective during the school...aircraft. “Artillery Integration for CAS Fighters,” discusses the need for CAS fighter pilots to understand the ground scheme of maneuver and current...research were identified within each research question. Chapter 2 provided an understanding of the extensive amount of literature on AGI and airspace

  11. Review of Ground Systems Development and Operations (GSDO) Tools for Verifying Command and Control Software (United States)

    Aguilar, Michael L.; Bonanne, Kevin H.; Favretto, Jeffrey A.; Jackson, Maddalena M.; Jones, Stephanie L.; Mackey, Ryan M.; Sarrel, Marc A.; Simpson, Kimberly A.


    The Exploration Systems Development (ESD) Standing Review Board (SRB) requested the NASA Engineering and Safety Center (NESC) conduct an independent review of the plan developed by Ground Systems Development and Operations (GSDO) for identifying models and emulators to create a tool(s) to verify their command and control software. The NESC was requested to identify any issues or weaknesses in the GSDO plan. This document contains the outcome of the NESC review.

  12. Load Carriage Capacity of the Dismounted Combatant - A Commanders’ Guide (United States)


    carriage. Personnel may therefore require supplementation (e.g. emergency ration chocolate bars) to meet energy requirements under such conditions...2010 31-38 Pal, M. S., et al. (2009) Optimum load for carriage by soldiers at two walking speeds on level ground. International Journal of Industrial ...Health Risk. Industrial Health 43 (3) 361-377 Seidel, H. and Griffin, M. J. (2001) Modelling the response of the spinal system to whole- body

  13. 基于DEVS的作战指挥行为建模研究%Study on Combat Commanding Behavior Modeling Based on DEVS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李京; 王子明; 李冬


    针对传统计算机兵力生成(computer generated force,CGF)建模所使用的经典人工智能编程语言存在的不足,提出一种基于离散事件系统(discrete event system specification,DEVS)的作战指挥行为建模方法。从DEVS原子模型和耦合的DEVS模型对DEVS做规范介绍,统一、规范描述指挥主体的生理和心理因素如何影响作战指挥行为,建立一种包含评估模块、压力模块和行为模块的作战指挥行为模型。结果表明:该模型能很好地将指挥主体的压力和自身生理状况融入到作战指挥行为中,能较为合理地反映出在紧张对抗环境中指挥主体的实际指挥行为。%Aiming at the shortcoming of typical artificial intelligence programming language for traditional computer generated force (CGF) modeling, put forward a new modeling method of combat commanding behavior based on discrete event system specification (DEVS). From DEVS atomic model and coupling DEVS model, make a standard introduction for DEVS, and also make an unified and standard description about how the physiological and psychological factors of commander make an influence on commanding behavior, establish a commanding behavior model which including evaluation model, pressure model and behavior model. The results show that the model can combine the commander pressure and physiological state with commanding behavior, and it can reflect reasonably the commanding behavior under the circumstance full of nervousness and confrontation.

  14. The U.S. Ground Combat Presence in Korea: In Defense of U.S. Interests or a Strategic Dinosaur (United States)


    yD2 5?/ THE U.S. GROUND COMBAT PRESENCE IN KOREA : IN DEFENSE OF U.S. INTERESTS OR A STRATEGIC DINOSAUR 00 00 cV31 A tbosis presented to the Faculty...and Subttle) S. TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED The U.S. Ground Combat Presence in Korea : In Defense of U.S. Interests or a StrategicMatrsTei Dinosaur 6...U IT Y C .A S I ic A TrIO H O T1411 ! AG E flW Io. * b at. Ir ’ THE U.S. GROUND COMBAT PRESENCE IN KOREA : IN DEFENSE OF U.S. INTERESTS OR A STRATEGIC

  15. Transforming Doctrine and Organization to Meet the Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Requirements of the Brigade Combat Team Commander (United States)


    Operating Procedure TCAE Technical Control and Analysis Element TRADOC Training and Doctrine Command T-RAP TRADOC Remedial Action Plan US United...The G2 CM&D section leads the division collection effort. The CEWI Battalion Technical Control and Analysis Element ( TCAE ), supervised by the CEWI

  16. Tactics, Functions, Techniques, and Procedures in the Command, Control, and Communications (C3) of a Combat Electronic Warfare Intelligence Battalion (United States)


    77 MOVEMENT AND STATUS OF ASSETS .... ....................... 77 TCAE ...MIB commander or G-2 and his collection management element better direct postoning and dynmi collection activities from the rear? Should the TCAE ...put all of its control functions in the 15 centralized and serial operations of a TCAE or collection management shop? The answer to all of these

  17. Navy Chaplains as Religious Advisors: A Combatant Commander’s Strategic Asset in Conflict, Reconstruction and Peace (United States)



  18. Mission Command and the Starfish Organizational Models: A Comparison of Organizational Philosophies in a Decentralized Combat Environment (United States)


    I am also grateful to my mother who for all her years as an English teacher is finally rewarded by her son completing a paper over six pages long...Leaderless Organizations (New York, NY: Portfolio , 2006). 7 management leadership and letting the community lead you as well,” Pierre Omidyar the... class officer also left a highly centralized command that allowed just a few to exercise initiative on the battlefield.20 In a sense, the French Army

  19. Preparing to be unprepared: ground force commander decision making in a volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous world


    Karaoguz, Adam A.


    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited What are the characteristics of effective ground force commander (GFC) decision making? What commonalities do we see? What are best practices for pre-mission preparation and mission execution? This thesis focuses on GFC decision making in order to investigate how to better prepare leaders for the current operating environment. It examines tactical-level decision making under conditions of uncertainty. It does so by drawing on interview...

  20. Predictors of Risk and Resilience for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Ground Combat Marines: Methods of the Marine Resiliency Study (United States)


    and saliva are collected from each subject at T1, T3, and T4. Body measurements Height, weight, and waist circumference are measured at T1, T3, and...SPECIAL TOPIC Predictors of Risk and Resilience for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Ground Combat Marines: Methods of the Marine...PhD; the MRS Team Suggested citation for this article: Baker DG, Nash WP, Litz BT, Geyer MA, Risbrough VB, Nievergelt CM, et al. Predictors of Risk

  1. Development of the command data system and ground software for the SEDSAT-1 microsatellite (United States)

    Wells, B. Earl


    SEDSAT-1 is designed to be a low cost scientific satellite which is to be used to perform a minimum of five tasks which include: (1) the acquisition of a number of important parameters associated with the tethering processes from the payloads perspective (such as accelerations incurred and imaging data of the tether during deployment), (2) to act as a remote sensing platform for making measurements of the Earth's Atmosphere (allowing research to be performed in such areas as vertical lightning observation, visible light spectrography, and cloud cover studies, (3) to act as a general purpose amateur radio communication satellite relaying information back to earth, (4) to demonstrate the feasibility of the deployment in low earth orbit of advanced technology such as the Gallium Arsenide Solar Cells, Nickel Metal Hydride batteries, and multi-chip module technology and, (5) to support student's active participation in applying the disciplines of engineering and science to space-based hardware platforms. The project includes the Three-axis Accelerometer System, TAS, Experiment which is designed to report the accelerations that the satellite undergoes during the tethering operations and during the second phase of the mission when the free floating satellite comes in contact with orbit debris. The SEASIS (SEDS Earth, Atmosphere, and Space Imaging System) is another SEDSAT experiment designed to provide images of the tether during its deployment and the earth during the second phase of the mission. To control these experiments and virtually all other satellite operations the Command Data System, CDS is employed. This system utilizes a moderate complexity micro-controller controlled by tasks operating under a real-time operating system to dynamically monitor and control the satellite. The scope of this researchers efforts has been in the general area of coordinating and assisting the student researchers with the development of the CDS and ground station interfaces. This

  2. Transforming America’s Military: Integrating Unconventional Ground Forces into Combat Air Operations (United States)


    the Vietnam War, Operation Desert One (the failed Iranian hostage rescue attempt), and Operation Urgent Fury (the disjointed Grenada operation) was...airpower could have in the upcoming operation to liberate Kuwait. The former commander of JSOC , Army General (Ret.) Wayne Downing, believed that “no...Operations Air Component Commander JSOC —Joint Special Operations Command JSOTF—Joint Special Operations Task Force 22 JSTARS—Joint Surveillance Target

  3. Reexamining Ground SOF Command and Control: Does One Size Fit All (United States)


    open organizational design. This research examines how existing Marine Special Operations Forces, Army Special Operations Forces, and Naval Special...would be better influenced by an open organizational design. This research examines how existing Marine Special Operations Forces, Army Special...factors that this research did not address, such as command climate , fiscal resources, and logistics support available, etc. This research is not

  4. UAVs for the Operational Commander: Don’t Ground MAV (Manned Aerial Vehicles)! (United States)


    start, taxi, launch, recover and park aircraft on the deck. 78 Studies highlight many gesture recognition difficulties associated with dynamic...American Helicopter Society, 2007). 78 --. CV NATOPS Manual. (Lakehurst, NJ: Naval Air Systems Command, 2007). 79 Venetsky, Larry. Gesture Recognition for...Venetsky, Larry, Mark Husni and Mark Yager. Gesture Recognition for UCAV-N Flight Deck Operations. Problem Definition Final Report. Lakehurst, NJ

  5. Influences of Networked Command Information System on Effectiveness of Over-the-horizon Air Combat%网络化指挥信息系统对超视距空战效能影响分析∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巴宏欣; 王俊; 陈亚飞


    Aimming at the problem of over⁃the⁃horizon air combat effectiveness evaluation without considering the support of networked command information system, the effect of networked command information system on over⁃the⁃horizon air combat is analyzed in this paper. Based on the method of two⁃step adjudication for air war, the first⁃shot index model, air⁃to⁃air mis⁃sile damage effectiveness model and combat aircraft lost rate model are improved. A numerical example shows that the models are valid and networked command information system promotes the operational effectiveness of over⁃the⁃horizon air combat ev⁃idently. The results can provide reference and support for operational means study of aviation.%针对目前超视距空战效能评估中没有充分考虑网络化指挥信息系统的支撑等问题,研究分析了网络化指挥信息系统对超视距空战效能的影响,在借鉴空战两步裁定法的基础上,改进了先敌发射概率模型、导弹毁伤能力模型,以及超视距空战双方总损耗及交换比计算方法。仿真算例验证了改进后的模型与方法的有效性和网络化指挥信息对超视距空战效能的提升,可为航空兵部队的战法研究提供参考和借鉴。

  6. 作战数据在指挥决策中的作用评估方法研究%Research on Assessment Methods of Role of Combat Data in Command and Decision-Making

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨槐; 宫研生


    为提高作战数据的利用率,提出一种改进的模糊综合评判模型方法.从作战数据对指挥决策的基础性作用入手,验证作战数据在指挥决策中的作用评估方法研究的必要性,分析评估影响因素,并从作战数据质量、决策支持系统功能与指挥决策人员的能力素质3个方面构建了指标体系,根据各指标特点分别运用统计法与秩心法、模糊综合评估法构建评估模型,并对模型进行适当处理.处理后的指标隶属度说明,该评判方法更接近实际,能较好地发挥作战数据的作用.%For improving utilization ratio of combat data, put forward an improved fuzzy comprehensive assessment model method. Based the basic function of combat data on decision-making, verify the necessity of combat data on the assessment methods in command and decision-making and analyze the elements influencing the assessment. Construct an index system from the quality of combat data, the function of the decision-supporting system, and the competency of commander. Then construct assessment model with the statistical method, the ROC, the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method respectively according to the characteristics of each index, and makes appropriate adjustments to the models as well. The processed index relativity degree shows that the method assessment conclusions closer to reality and use combat data effectively.

  7. The Importance of Combat Ethics Training: Solidifying Marines Footing on the Moral High Ground (United States)


    combat ethics is accomplished through a variety ofmethods. These include instruction on core values, leadership, martial arts , rules of engagement (ROE...exercises. We further reinforce confident, ethical decision-making through the Marine Corps Martial Arts Program that teaches our Core Values and" at the School of Infantry (Sal). The development of ethics continues with core values discussions, Marine Corps Martial Arts program (MCMAP

  8. ANN-Assisted Planning of Conjunctive Use of Canal and Ground Water in Canal Commands (United States)

    Kashyap, Deepak; Ghosh, Susmita


    Presented herein is an algorithm for ANN-assisted planning of the optimal cropping pattern and the associated groundwater development in a canal command area, followed by an illustration. The planning in the illustration ensures the maximization of the cropped area subject to the constraint of limiting the maximum water table depth to an acceptable limit. A multilayer feed forward ANN model, relating the maximum water table depth to the crop areas, is trained using back-propagation learning algorithm. The data invoked for the training comprise an array of the cropping patterns, and the corresponding maximum water table depths. These data are generated through a pre-calibrated numerical model of groundwater flow. Subsequently, the trained ANN model is linked to a GA based optimizer for arriving at the optimal cropping pattern and the associated pumping pattern.

  9. Understanding why a Ground Combat Vehicle that Carries Nine Dismounts is Important to the Army (United States)


    cites a quote by GEN Donn Starry, TRADOC commander from 1977 to 1981, in which he notes, “We in TRADOC . . . decided to put the TOW on the MICV because...Carmichael, John M., “Devising Doctrine for the Bradley Fighting Vehicle Platoon Dismount Element—Finding the Right Starting Point,” Fort...Mahon, John K., and Romana Danysh, Army Lineage Series: Infantry, Part I: Regular Army, Washington, D.C.: Office of the Chief of Military History, United

  10. Autonomous Robotic Weapons: US Army Innovation for Ground Combat in the Twenty-First Century (United States)


    164 William Mathews, “Megacity Warfare: Taking Urban Combat To a Whole New Level,” ARMY Magazine, March, 2015, 31. 165 David Shunk, “ Mega Cities ...2014. Accessed April 2, 2015. “ Mega Cities , Ungoverned Areas, and the Challenge of Army... plan is expected to reduce the overall active force strength from 520,000 to less than 450,000 and from 44 BCTs to just 28 BCTs by FY 2019.102 These

  11. Optical embedded dust sensor for engine protection and early warning on M1 Abrams/ground combat vehicles (United States)

    Lin, Hai; Waldherr, Gregor A.; Burch, Timothy


    The Dual Optical Embedded Dust Sensor (DOEDS) is designed for the sensitive, accurate detection of particles for preventive health monitoring of the AGT1500 engine and M1 Abrams/Ground Combat Vehicles (GCVs). DOEDS is a real-time sensor that uses an innovative combination of optical particle sensing technologies and mechanical packaging in a rugged, compact and non-intrusive optical design. The optical sensor, implementing both a single particle sensor and a mass sensor, can operate in harsh environments (up to 400°F) to meet the particle size, size distribution, mass concentration, and response time criteria. The sensor may be flush- or inline-mounted in multiple engine locations and environments.

  12. Systems Engineering Approach To Ground Combat Vehicle Survivability In Urban Operations (United States)


    of global urbanization, planning for urban operations is critical to the execution and success of any military campaign. The U.S. Army describes...for the enemy to prepare for the likely attack direction and to plan coordinated attacks against the incoming ground force. Enemy sensors can also...The Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) is developing an integrated counter IED suite known as the Counter IED & Mine Suite ( CIMS ). According to Eshel

  13. Advanced Capabilities for Combat Medics

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Convertino, Victor A; Cooke, William H; Salinas, Jose; Holcomb, John B


    The US Army Institute of Surgical Research (USAISR) has the lead for directing the Research Program Area for Advanced Triage Capabilities for Combat Medics in the Medical Research and Materiel Command (MRMC...

  14. Preparing to be Unprepared: Ground Force Commander Decision Making in a Volatile, Uncertain, Complex, and Ambiguous World (United States)


    Spencer. Not Mentioned in Dispatches. Cambridge England : New York: Lutterworth Press, 2001. Gates, Robert M. A Passion for Leadership : Lessons on...ambiguous (VUCA) environments. 14. SUBJECT TERMS Decision making, VUCA, training, combat, leadership 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 81 16. way. VUCA is graphically depicted in Figure 1. 17 Steven Shambach, Strategic Leadership Primer

  15. Music and Combat Motivation (United States)


    1   AIR COMMAND AND STAFF COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY MUSIC AND COMBAT MOTIVATION by Sally C. Maddocks, Major, USAF Master of...accordance with Air Force Instruction 51-303, it is not copyrighted, but is the property of the United States government.  3   Music has the power...are many historical examples from which to draw evidence of the impact of music on fielded forces. One must study not only the historical events, but

  16. Survivability enhancement study for C/sup 3/I/BM (communications, command, control and intelligence/battle management) ground segments: Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    This study involves a concept developed by the Fairchild Space Company which is directly applicable to the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) Program as well as other national security programs requiring reliable, secure and survivable telecommunications systems. The overall objective of this study program was to determine the feasibility of combining and integrating long-lived, compact, autonomous isotope power sources with fiber optic and other types of ground segments of the SDI communications, command, control and intelligence/battle management (C/sup 3/I/BM) system in order to significantly enhance the survivability of those critical systems, especially against the potential threats of electromagnetic pulse(s) (EMP) resulting from high altitude nuclear weapon explosion(s). 28 figs., 2 tabs.

  17. US Africa Command: Paradigm Change for the Combatant Command (United States)


    information operations. 5 The ability to attempt the successfully manage all these elements has been referred to as the DIME Ballet , characterizing...3 U.S. National Security Counsel, National Security Strategy 2006, pp 43. 4Austin Bay, "The DIME Ballet " strategypage. com May 24,2005. http...DIME Ballet " May 24,2005. http://www.strategypage.comlon--point/2005524.aspx. (accessed on February 19, 2009). Eisenhower, Dwight. Presidential

  18. Cost-Effective Telemetry and Command Ground Systems Automation Strategy for the Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) Mission (United States)

    Choi, Joshua S.; Sanders, Antonio L.


    Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) is an Earth-orbiting, remote-sensing NASA mission slated for launch in 2014.[double dagger] The ground data system (GDS) being developed for SMAP is composed of many heterogeneous subsystems, ranging from those that support planning and sequencing to those used for real-time operations, and even further to those that enable science data exchange. A full end-to-end automation of the GDS may result in cost savings during mission operations, but it would require a significant upfront investment to develop such comprehensive automation. As demonstrated by the Jason-1 and Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) missions, a measure of "lights-out" automation for routine, orbital pass ground operations can still reduce mission cost through smaller staffing of operators and limited work hours. The challenge, then, for the SMAP GDS engineering team is to formulate an automated operations strategy--and corresponding system architecture--to minimize operator intervention during operations, while balancing the development cost associated with the scope and complexity of automation. This paper discusses the automated operations approach being developed for the SMAP GDS. The focus is on automating the activities involved in routine passes, which limits the scope to real-time operations. A key subsystem of the SMAP GDS--NASA's AMMOS Mission Data Processing and Control System (AMPCS)--provides a set of capabilities that enable such automation. Also discussed are the lights-out pass automations of the Jason-1 and WISE missions and how they informed the automation strategy for SMAP. The paper aims to provide insights into what is necessary in automating the GDS operations for Earth satellite missions.

  19. Drilling and thermal gradient measurements at US Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center, Twentynine Palms, California. Final report, October 1, 1983-March 31, 1984

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trexler, D.T.; Flynn, T.; Ghusn, G. Jr.


    Seven temperature gradient holes were drilled at the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center, Twentynine Palms, California, as part of a cooperative research and development program, jointly funded by the Navy and Department of Energy. The purpose of this program was to assess geothermal resources at selected Department of Defense installations. Drill site selection was based on geophysical anomalies delineated by combined gravity, ground magnetic and aeromagnetic surveys. Temperature gradients ranged from 1.3/sup 0/C/100 m (1/sup 0/F/100 ft.) in hole No. 1 to 15.3/sup 0/C/100 m (8.3/sup 0/F/100 ft.) in temperature gradient hole No. 6. Large, positive geothermal gradients in temperature gradient holes 5 and 6, combined with respective bottom hole temperatures of 51.6/sup 0/C (125/sup 0/F) and 67/sup 0/C (153/sup 0/F), indicate that an extensive, moderate-temperature geothermal resource is located on the MCAGCC. The geothermal reservoir appears to be situated in old, unconsolidated alluvial material and is structurally bounded on the east by the Mesquite Lake fault and on the west by the Surprise Spring fault. If measured temperature gradients continue to increase at the observed rate, temperatures in excess of 80/sup 0/C (178/sup 0/F) can be expected at a depth of 2000 feet.

  20. Interactive Raytracing: The nirt Command (United States)


    Interactive Raytracing : The nirt Command by Clifford Yapp ARL-CR-624 April 2009 prepared by Quantum Research...Laboratory Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21005-5068 ARL-CR-624 April 2009 Interactive Raytracing : The nirt Command Clifford Yapp Quantum...DATES COVERED (From - To) June 2008–October 2008 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Interactive Raytracing : The nirt Command 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER W911QX-06-F

  1. Combat Trains Command Post (CTCP) Operations (United States)


    both the unit level and installation schools to enhance the capability of the CTCP. Entering into this training density, there was a clear focus on...were too close together and were at risk to catastrophic damage and degradation of capability in the event of indirect fire (IDF). The security

  2. The U.S. Army Reserve’s Private Public Partnership (P3) Program in Support of the Combatant Commander’s Security Cooperation Activities and the Readiness Opportunities for the U.S. Army Reserve (United States)


    illicit drugs and human trafficking throughout the globe. At home, threats from natural disasters and cyberterrorism add complexity to the...52 Figure 9. Major Drug Trafficking Routes in Latin American and the Caribbean ...........54 Figure...Training Assistance Program. The goal of the program is to develop professional law enforcement institutions that protect human rights, combat

  3. Impacts of the Fleet Response Plan on Surface Combatant Maintenance (United States)


    Plan on Surface Combatant Maintenance Roland J. Yardley, Raj Raman, Jessie Riposo, James Chiesa, John F. Schank Prepared for the United States Navy...Command; CDR Robert Johnson, Kevin Alexander, and LCDR Tony Glover of Commander, Naval Surface Forces Atlantic; and CAPT Larry Olsen and Steve Reynolds

  4. Logistical Analysis of the Littoral Combat Ship (United States)


    and CAPT Jeff Kline for sparking my interest in the Littoral Combat Ship and CAPT James Stewart at Commander, Naval Surface Forces Pacific and CDR...Senior Lecturer of Operations Research Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, California 76 10. James Stewart , CAPT, USN Warfare Requirements, N8

  5. Mission Command In A Communications Denied Environment (United States)


    attack, by a variety of missiles, aircraft, and ground troops relies heavily on Time-Phased Force and Deployment Data transmitted by computer networks...since it enhances the trust between the echelons, the communication between commanders and reduces the dependence on computer networks. An attack with...electronics, computer networks, and communication , command and control becomes a lot more commander- centric. Forces are expected to improvise and

  6. HOTOL Command and Control Systems (United States)

    Rowley, J. D.


    HOTOL is intended to provide a low cost means of delivering payloads to low earth orbit. The vehicle is thus designed for unmanned and largely autonomous operations with very limited contact with a ground station. This paper outlines the Command and Control Systems studies undertaken to date and proposed for future phases.

  7. Infrared and visible combat identification marking materials (United States)

    O'Keefe, Eoin; Shohet, Adam; Swan, Martin


    Historically, it is believed that fratricide accounts for up to 15% of friendly casualties during operations and a UK MoD report identifies that almost half of all such casualties occur in situations involving ground units only. Such risks can be mitigated, to an extent, via operational awareness and effective communications. However, recent conflicts have involved a much more dynamic, complex and technically sophisticated battlefield than previously experienced. For example, Operation Telic (Desert Storm) involved almost one million combatants and ten thousand armoured vehicles in the coalition force, advancing across an extensive battlefront at high speed during daylight and at night, making effective use of a range of electro-optic sensors. The accelerated tempo of battle means that front lines can undergo rapid, punctuated advances that can leave individual combat units with a much degraded situational awareness, particularly of where they are in relation to other 'friendly' combatants. Consequently, there is a need for a robust, low cost, low weight, compact, unpowered, interoperable, Combat Identification technique for use with popular electro-optic sensors which can be deployed, and is effective, at the individual combat unit level. In this paper we discuss ground-to-ground combat identification materials that meet these requirements, all of which are based on the air-to-ground Mirage TM vehicle marking material. We show some preliminary ground-to-ground data collected from the new variant Mirage TM material in recent experimental trials conducted during the day, evening and at night.

  8. 指挥控制组织结构扁平化分析及测度%Research on Analysis and Measure of Combat Command and Control Organization Flattening

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周翔翔; 姚佩阳; 王欣; 万路军


    In order to analyze the flat degree of Command and Control (C2) organization structure, the concepts of C2 tree and collaboration net are given. The pyramid type C2 organization structure and flat type C2 organization structure are expatiated. On the base of these, the C2 organization structure flat measure based on the organization topology and based on tasks under two kinds of C2 organization working condition are designed. The flat measure calculation results of two organization structures are given in the case, and the feasibility and validity of the flat measure calculation methods are proved by the results and comparison.%为分析研究指挥控制(Command and Control,C2)组织结构的扁平化程度,给出了指挥控制树和协作交流网的概念,阐述了金字塔式C2组织结构和扁平式C2组织结构.在此基础之上,针对两种C2组织运作环境,分别设计基于拓扑的C2组织结构扁平化测度和基于任务的C2组织结构扁平化测度.案例给出了两种组织结构的扁平化测度计算结果,结果及比较分析表明扁平化测度计算方法的可行性和有效性.

  9. Allied Command Structures in the New NATO (United States)


    Aircraft Carriers Other Surface Combatants* Attack Submarines Amphibious Ready Groups Command Ship Mobile Logistics Support** Sub Tender Maritime...29% of file enlisted personnel for the ACE Mobility Coordination Center (SHAPE). From the Regional Air Movement Coordination Center h~ Vicenza...Bosnia primarily to stop air attacks by the Serbian Air Force. 58 T H E U . S . R O L E IN A F S O U T H Advanced U.S. techonology employed

  10. Is the U.S. Army Field Artillery Prepared to Support the Next Major Combat Operation? (United States)


    the IX Tactical Air Command when they began operations in France. Lieutenant General Pete Quesada commanded the IX Tactical Air Command that...the air and ground forces, found common ground in fighting the enemy instead of each other. For instance, Quesada set the IX Tactical Air Command

  11. Combating illiteracy (United States)

    A science course for nonscientists at Columbia University's Columbia College that was created in 1981 as an experiment to combat “the national crisis of scientific illiteracy” has received major new foundation support and has achieved a permanent place in the college's curriculum.The course, The Theory and Practice of Science, has received a $240,000 grant from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, according to Robert E. Pollack, college dean, professor of biological sciences, and originator of the course. The grant will be used for the preparation and publication in 1985 of a textbook, titled The Scientific Experience, which will permit the course to be taught at other schools around the country.

  12. Rezultati modeliranja borbenog manevra napada aviona na zemaljski cilj iz oštrog obrušavanja / The results of combat attack maneuver modelling on ground target using aircraft steep diving

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikola Pekić


    Full Text Available U ovom radu prikazani su rezultati matematičkog modeliranja kretanja aviona u borbenom manevru pri napadu na zemaljski cilj iz oštrog obrušavanja. Kretanje aviona razmatrano je kao kretanje materijalne tačke u prostoru. Takođe, prikazane su prednosti aviona sa otklonom vektora potiska i njegove primene u manevru u odnosu na avion sa klasičnom pogonskom grupom i klasičnim aerodinamičkim upravljačkim površinama. / This paper presents the results of mathematical modeling of aircraft movement in combat maneuver during attack on ground target using steep diving. Aircraft movement is considered as movement of a material point in space. Also, the advantages of aircraft with thrust vector deflection and its applications during maneuver when compared to the aircraft with classical engines and classical aerodynamic controls.

  13. Combat Resource Allocation Planning in Naval Engagements (United States)


    Valcartier; August 2007. Management of tactical combat resources, as a part of military naval Command & Con- trol (C2) process , provides a real world multi...systèmes d’agents et multi-agents est présentée et les problèmes de planifi - cation en temps réel et de l’allocation des ressources sont abordé to be processed under time-critical conditions pose significant challenges for future shipboard Command & Control Systems (CCSs). Among other

  14. Remote Task-level Commanding of Centaur over Time Delay (United States)

    Schreckenghost, Debra; Ngo, Tam; Burridge, Robert; Wang, Lui; Izygon, Michel


    Remote operation of robots on the lunar surface by ground controllers poses unique human-robot interaction challenges due to time delay and constrained bandwidth. One strategy for addressing these challenges is to provide task-level commanding of robots by a ground controller. Decision-support tools are being developed at JSC for remote task-level commanding over time-delay. The approach is to provide ground procedures that guide a controller when executing task-level command sequences and aid awareness of the state of command execution in the robot. This approach is being evaluated using the Centaur robot at JSC. The Centaur Central Commander provides a task-level command interface that executes on the robot side of the delay. Decision support tools have been developed for a human Supervisor in the JSC Cockpit to use when interacting with the Centaur Central Commander. Commands to the Central Commander are defined as instructions in a procedure. Sequences of these instructions are grouped into procedures for the Cockpit Supervisor. When a Supervisor is ready to perform a task, a procedure is loaded into the decision support tool. From this tool, the Supervisor can view command sequences and dispatch individual commands to Centaur. Commands are queued for execution on the robot side of the delay. Reliable command sequences can be dispatched automatically upon approval by the Supervisor. The decision support tool provides the Supervisor with feedback about which commands are waiting for execution and which commands have finished. It also informs the Supervisor when a command fails to have its intended effect. Cockpit procedures are defined using the Procedure Representation Language (PRL) developed at JSC for mission operations. The decision support tool is based on a Procedure Sequencer and multi-agent software developed for human-robot interaction. In this paper the approach for remote task-level commanding of robots is described and the results of the evaluation

  15. General Matthew B. Ridgway: A Commander’s Maturation of Operational Art (United States)


    crossings near Neerpelt, Valkenswaard, Eindhoven , Son, St. Oedenrode, Veghel, and Uden, and insure the advantage of the Second British Army.”125 These...Combat jump into Normandy before D-Day August 1944 – Assigned command of the new XVIII Airborne Corps, led combat operations near Eindhoven , the

  16. Simulation of Dismounted Infantry Combat in Urban Terrain (United States)


    New Mexico 88002 20. Headquarters, Department of the Army Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans ATTN: DA-MO-2D Washington, D. C...20310 21. Commander US Army Concepts and Analysis Agency ATTN: MOCA -WG (LTC Earl Darden) 8120 Woodmont Avenue Bethesda, Maryland 20014 22. Director...Missile Range, New Mexico 88002 25. Commander MICOM ATTN: DRSMI-YC (MAJ Hagewood) Redstone Arsenal, Alabama 35809 26. Director Combat Developments

  17. Mission Command Analysis Using Monte Carlo Tree Search (United States)


    Luther King Drive, White Sands Missile Range, NM 88002-5502, 28 September 2011. REF-1 ... lessons learned: • When implementing MCTS into partially observable games, we must be able to produce a fully-specified state based on available information...Ohman. COMBATXXI, defined. COMBAT XXI online documentation, Training and Doctrine Command Analysis Center—White Sands Missile Range (TRAC-WSMR), Martin

  18. Schema for Spacecraft-Command Dictionary (United States)

    Laubach, Sharon; Garcia, Celina; Maxwell, Scott; Wright, Jesse


    An Extensible Markup Language (XML) schema was developed as a means of defining and describing a structure for capturing spacecraft command- definition and tracking information in a single location in a form readable by both engineers and software used to generate software for flight and ground systems. A structure defined within this schema is then used as the basis for creating an XML file that contains command definitions.

  19. Joint Interagency Task Forces; the Right Model to Combat Transnational Organized Crime (United States)


    South/Central Asia focused on terrorism, piracy , infectious disease, WMD development. 67 In the article, “Death of a Combatant Command,” the authors...administration/eop/nsc/transnational-crime/definition; Internet ; Accessed March 20, 2015. 2 Ibid. 3 The White House Office of the Press Secretary...strategy-combat- transnational-organized-crime; Internet ; Accessed March 20, 2015. 4 Gerald A. Boston, "The United States Military’s Role in Combating

  20. Command History 1971. Volume 2. Sanitized (United States)


    basic propositions: -- The US will keep its treaty commitments. -- The US will provide a shield, if a nuclear power threatens the freedom of a nation...Campaign Plans, Seasonal, IV 8- 10 Casualties Ground Combat Operations, Friendly and Endmy . IV Zh5, g9, 33, 18 LAM SON 719, Friendly and Enemy. E 34

  1. Mission Command or Mission Failure?: Evaluation Decentralized Execution in Contemporary Stability Operations (United States)


    operations in OEF/OIF are attributable not to underlying weaknesses in mission command as a theoretical construct, or its lack of suitability for...posited that acknowledged shortcomings in the success of stability operations in OEF/OIF are attributable not to underlying weaknesses in mission command...230. 7 Jeffrey Buchman, Maxie Y. Davis, and Lee T. Wright. “Death of the Combatant Command? Toward a Joint Interagency Approach.” Joint Force

  2. 地面无人作战系统机械臂运动学建模与仿真%Establishment and Simulation Study on Kinematics Model of Unmanned Ground Combat Vehicle Robot Manipulators

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席雷平; 陈自力; 田庆民


    The correlative problem of robotic manipulators kinematics model is discussed for Unmanned Ground Combat Vehicle in this paper. Considering the structure of robotic manipulators, the kinematics model is established with D-H method. Based on it,the forward and inverse kinematics equations are solved. Then,simulation and verification is performed by Robotics Toolbox of Matlab software for the structure and kinematics analysis. The results show that this method is correct and feasible.%以某地面无人作战系统中的机械臂为研究对象,探讨其运动学模型建立中的相关问题.结合该机械臂的结构特点,利用D-H方法建立其相应的运动学模型,并在该基础上求解机械臂的正、逆运动学方程.最后在Matlab环境下,借助Robotics Toolbox工具箱对该机械臂的结构和运动学问题进行验证和仿真.仿真结果表明:该设计方法是正确可行的.

  3. Joint Doctrine for Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction (United States)


    successful operations to combat WMD are: command, control, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance; IO; interoperability; readiness; mobility ...Detection and Early Warning Support United States Government CP Efforts Interdict transfer of WMD and Related Technolgies Eliminate WMD Capability...proliferation, exfiltrations of sensitive plans and personnel or mobile labs that are not in the vicinity of the actual sensitive site exploitation. (b

  4. Spacecraft command and control using expert systems (United States)

    Norcross, Scott; Grieser, William H.


    This paper describes a product called the Intelligent Mission Toolkit (IMT), which was created to meet the changing demands of the spacecraft command and control market. IMT is a command and control system built upon an expert system. Its primary functions are to send commands to the spacecraft and process telemetry data received from the spacecraft. It also controls the ground equipment used to support the system, such as encryption gear, and telemetry front-end equipment. Add-on modules allow IMT to control antennas and antenna interface equipment. The design philosophy for IMT is to utilize available commercial products wherever possible. IMT utilizes Gensym's G2 Real-time Expert System as the core of the system. G2 is responsible for overall system control, spacecraft commanding control, and spacecraft telemetry analysis and display. Other commercial products incorporated into IMT include the SYBASE relational database management system and Loral Test and Integration Systems' System 500 for telemetry front-end processing.

  5. Detonation command and control (United States)

    Mace, Jonathan L.; Seitz, Gerald J.; Echave, John A.; Le Bas, Pierre-Yves


    The detonation of one or more explosive charges and propellant charges by a detonator in response to a fire control signal from a command and control system comprised of a command center and instrumentation center with a communications link therebetween. The fire control signal is selectively provided to the detonator from the instrumentation center if plural detonation control switches at the command center are in a fire authorization status, and instruments, and one or more interlocks, if included, are in a ready for firing status. The instrumentation and command centers are desirably mobile, such as being respective vehicles.

  6. Detonation command and control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mace, Jonathan L.; Seitz, Gerald J.; Echave, John A.; Le Bas, Pierre-Yves


    The detonation of one or more explosive charges and propellant charges by a detonator in response to a fire control signal from a command and control system comprised of a command center and instrumentation center with a communications link there between. The fire control signal is selectively provided to the detonator from the instrumentation center if plural detonation control switches at the command center are in a fire authorization status, and instruments, and one or more interlocks, if included, are in a ready for firing status. The instrumentation and command centers are desirably mobile, such as being respective vehicles.

  7. Customer Service Analysis of Air Combat Command Vehicle Maintenance Support (United States)


    the survey, the researchers categorized the services or variables into marketing mix components: product, price, promotion, and customer service...comparing and analyzing the variables identified in the previous three phases to determine a strategic marketing mix (46:9). After analyzing the data...service/physical distribution. Additionally, they found that customer service/physical distribution was an integral component of the marketing mix , and

  8. Reorganizing Geographic Combatant Command Headquarters for Joint Force 2020 (United States)


    Commander’s Initiative Group, or CIG . Finally, Jeffrey R. Immelt (CEO from 2001-Present) first reorganized eleven business units into thirteen, and...Resources, Intelligence, Rule of Law, and Communication. COMISAF’s special staff includes the Commander’s Initiative Group ( CIG ), Legislative...the COS (18 reporting entities). The special staff group consists of the Commander’s Initiative Group ( CIG ), IG, Judge Advocate, Legislative Affairs

  9. The Big Issue: Command and Combat in the Information Age (United States)


    regulars were harassed from the cover of trees, hedges and buildings, resulting in 273 casualties. J Fortescue, The War of Independence, The British In...transportable and NBC compatible cabin suitable for a Main Operating Base ( MOB ). It can be deployed elsewhere if there is a requirement to reduce the data link...installation.” “The other victims were locally-employed labourers , none of whom were in possession of chemical protection equipment…er…we have another

  10. AFRICOM: Combatant Command for the 21st Century (United States)


    African Commission,” pdf / statements/scuk_cfa_0704. pdf (accessed 4 Jan 2008). 26 grievance justifies the use of...Front ( NIF ) government in Darfur. Their major claim is that the government of Sudan, dominated by Arabs, discriminates against African ethnic groups...Children UK. pdf / statements/scuk_cfa_0704. pdf (accessed Jan 4, 2008). Secretary of State. U.S. Department

  11. A Psychodynamic Systems Perspective on Command Relationship during Combat Operations (United States)


    to acknowledge the link between individual subconscious psychology as pioneered by Dr. Sigmund Freud , the renown Austrian neurologist and founder of...Dr. Sigmund Freud and three peers within the theory, that each represents a different point of view and interpretation of the classic psychodynamic...system theory. Psychodynamic System Theory Psychodynamic system theory has its origins in the theories of Dr. Sigmund Freud , perhaps most well

  12. Combatant Commander Challenges and the Role of Religion and History (United States)


    extremists around the world . The American people united against this asymmetric adversary. The Department of Defense budget grew exponentially, with...Ambiguous ( VUCA ) problem.5 From ancient times to the present, opposing sides in war have long evoked the favor of the deity to strengthen’s world . How well they are prepared— through sound doctrine—to best maximize the value of this and other historical knowledge is, however, open

  13. Airland Combat: An Organization for Joint Warfare (United States)


    Ground Task Force Chapter 3 Organization for Airland Combat Alas! Hegel was right when he said that we learn. from history that men never learnfrom... Taylor , Jr ., eds . Strategic Requirements for the Army to the Year 2000. Lexington, Mass. : Lexington Books, 1984 . Lane, John J ., Jr ., Lt Col

  14. Service-Oriented Architecture for Weaponry and Battle Command and Control Systems in Warfighting

    CERN Document Server

    Bassil, Youssef


    Military is one of many industries that is more computer-dependent than ever before, from soldiers with computerized weapons, and tactical wireless devices, to commanders with advanced battle management, command and control systems. Fundamentally, command and control is the process of planning, monitoring, and commanding military personnel, weaponry equipment, and combating vehicles to execute military missions. In fact, command and control systems are revolutionizing as war fighting is changing into cyber, technology, information, and unmanned warfare. As a result, a new design model that supports scalability, reusability, maintainability, survivability, and interoperability is needed to allow commanders, hundreds of miles away from the battlefield, to plan, monitor, evaluate, and control the war events in a dynamic, robust, agile, and reliable manner. This paper proposes a service-oriented architecture for weaponry and battle command and control systems, made out of loosely-coupled and distributed web servi...

  15. Psychiatric nursing liaison in a combat zone: an autoethnography. (United States)

    Whybrow, D


    Military mental health nurses are tasked with providing psychiatric liaison to British forces deployed to combat zones. This forms part of a wider effort to maintain the combat effectiveness of the fighting force. During a recent deployment, I maintained a reflexive journal of my experience of liaising with the British Chain of Command. I then used line by line coding via the NVIVO 9 software package to formulate the core themes that became a framework for this autoethnography. My personality and social anxieties shaped how I performed the psychiatric liaison role. I was able to develop a template for liaison that accounted for both 'me' and my need to feel authentic or credible as a nurse, yet still enabled me to communicate effectively with the Chain of Command. One template for psychiatric nursing liaison with British combat forces is to focus upon key stakeholders within the Chain of Command, specifically, the Officer Commanding, the Sergeant Major, the Trauma Risk Management co-ordinator (usually the Sergeant Major) and the embedded medical asset. Further research is needed to establish how other nurses approach psychiatric nursing liaison.

  16. The command control; Le controle commande

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Billet, A.; Hilsenkopf, Ph.; Malry, Y. [Areva NP, 75 - Paris (France)


    The present article has for aim to detail the stakes of the nuclear rebirth which the command-control faces: to master the technological evolutions, to bring a strong response to the problematics of qualification and reliability more sensitive by the passage to numerical and to answer the needs of renovation of existing nuclear power plants. The Areva reply to these stakes is specified. (N.C.)

  17. Command Overview 2012 (United States)


    XXXX = Xxx 1 Captain William W. DeBow Commander Port Hueneme Division Naval Surface Warfare Center COMMAND OVERVIEW 2012 Report Documentation... Xxx XXXX = Xxx 3 Bumper Washington D.C. *  Headquarters Virginia Beach *  Radars White Sands *  Missile Systems *  Overland Testing *  HE...Homeport for Navy’s Test Ship •  Deep Water Port •  49 Years of Fleet Support XXXX = Xxx XXXX = Xxx 4 Bumper Unique Facilities Deep Water

  18. Network Enabled Operations: The Experiences of Senior Canadian Commanders (United States)


    American concept of Network-Centric Warfare (NCW) as NEOps is expected “‘to generate increased combat power by networking sensors, decision makers and...relationships will remain vital… I just think you need to be able to strike the balance to exploit the wonderful power from technology that is out there and...he found that networked systems helped to minimize micromanagement, “because [commanders] don’t have to pester subordinate leaders as to what they

  19. The Transition to the Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care. (United States)

    Giebner, Stephen D


    The original Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) guidelines were published in a special supplement to Military Medicine in 1996 as the terminal deliverable of a 2-year development project funded by the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM). Two years later, the USSOCOM Biomedical Initiatives Steering Committee (BISC) promulgated its Task Statement 5-98, in which it called for the formation of a panel of subject matter experts to update the TCCC guidelines. This article discusses the formation of the Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care (CoTCCC) and the changes to the original guidelines that constituted the first update. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  20. The Combat Vehicle Command and Control System: Combat Performance of Armor Battalions Using Interactive Simulation (United States)


    prepublication review. In addition to the authors. The BDN Federal, Inc., research staff included William Doherty, Nancy Atwood , Major General (Ret.) Charles...Reyna, Charles Sawyer, Daniel Schultz, Margaret Shay, Harold Wager, and Charles West. Personnel of the on-site support contractor, Loral Training preparation) also focuses on operational issues, but is more technically oriented. The second companion report ( Atwood , Winsch, Sawyer, Ford

  1. The Combat Vehicle Command and Control System. Combat Performance of Armor Battalions Using Distributed Interactive Simulation (United States)


    William Doherty, Dr. Nancy Atwood , MG (Ret) Charles Heiden, Ms. Alicia Sawyer, and Mr. Owen Pitney. Dr. Laura Ford, Dr. Beverly Winsch, Mr. Jeffery...Mr. Daniel Schultz, Ms. Margaret Shay, Mr. Harold Wager, and Mr. Charles West. Personnel of the on-site support contractor, Loral Training and...focuses on operational issues, but is more technically oriented. The second companion report ( Atwood , Winsch, Sawyer, and Ford, in preparation) addresses

  2. Command Wire Sensor Measurements (United States)


    ground penetrating radar (From [10]) B. GROUND PENETRATING RADAR Buried landmines and IED detection using electromagnetic induction (EMI) techniques is...5  A.  EXISTING DETECTION SYSTEMS ...........................................................5  B.  GROUND PENETRATING RADAR ...3.  Husky mine detection vehicle with ground penetrating radar (From [10]) .......6  Figure 4.  Propagation losses plotted against frequency for

  3. "Operationalizing C2 agility”. Coping with complexity in command and control

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oosthuizen, R


    Full Text Available Combat presents a complex system that requires effective management to ensure successful completion of missions. Management of own forces and other assets in the pursuit of mission objectives is performed by the Command and Control (C2) system...

  4. Command and motivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Christian Bøtcher; Hvidtved, Johan; Andersen, Lotte Bøgh


    Motivated employees are crucial to organizations, but external interventions such as command systems and financial incentives may decrease motivation. If these external interventions are perceived to be controlling, they are expected to crowd out intrinsic motivation, and this may also apply...... to other types of autonomous motivation such as public service motivation. The perception of external interventions is thus expected to be vital. This article investigates how the perception of a specific command system (obligatory student plans) is associated with intrinsic motivation and public service...... motivation. Using a dataset with 3,230 school teachers in Denmark, a structural equation model shows that the perception of obligatory student plans as controlling is negatively associated with all of the investigated types of employee motivation, supporting that motivation crowding can occur....

  5. Examining Cyber Command Structures (United States)


    C2 command and control CIA Central Intelligence Agency CMT cyber mission team CNA computer network attack CND computer network defense CNE...defense [ CND ]) all had roles in cyberspace. Unlike space, the functions of the disparate organizations (other than the NSA) were brought together...subsequent disestablishment also brought the CND mission to USCYBERCOM.71 In this dual-hatted setup, the USCYBERCOM and NSA head is responsible for both

  6. 2011 Combat Vehicles Conference (United States)


    Capability-Platform (JBC-P) • Light-weight Crew-served Weapons • Joint Capability Release ( JCR ) • Combat Vehicle Improvements Mr. Scott Davis PEO...WIN-T INC 3 JTRS CREW V2 Relocation/V3 CS 11-12 OoC ( JCR ) BFT II VRC 103 & 104 CS 13-14 MSS Duke TI OSRVT (Rover 6) Nett

  7. Adaptive architecture for command and control (A2C2) Experiment 11 determining an effective ISR management structure at the operational level of conflict


    Stockton, Daniel W.


    This thesis on Experiment 11 concentrates on two conditions of the main independent variable: the position of the ISR Officer. Analysis compares different performance variables under the two ISR role structures. Condition I is comprised of an ISR Coordinator (ISR Coord), a Sea Combat Commander (SCC) and a Marine Expeditionary Unit Commander (MEU). Condition II is comprised of an ISR Commander (ISR Cdr), an SCC and a MEU. Both ISR Officer conditions are examined in a HA/DR scenario. The a...

  8. Beyond Mission Command: Maneuver Warfare for Cyber Command and Control (United States)


    elements with maneuver warfare, mission command’s decentralization of execution through the use of mission-type orders is a more centralized form... decentralized command and control organization will instill an innovative organizational culture. Innovation will be able to freely prosper in an...warfare’s decentralized command and control doctrine to maximize military cyberspace operations. Since the establishment of U.S. Cyber Command in 2009

  9. AFRL Commander's Challenge 2015: stopping the active shooter (United States)

    McIntire, John P.; Boston, Jonathan; Smith, Brandon; Swartz, Pete; Whitney-Rawls, Amy; Martinez Calderon, Julian; Magin, Jonathan


    In this work, we describe a rapid-innovation challenge to combat and deal with the problem of internal, insider physical threats (e.g., active shooters) and associated first-responder situation awareness on military installations. Our team's research and development effort described within focused on several key tech development areas: (1) indoor acoustical gunshot detection, (2) indoor spatial tracking of first responders, (3) bystander safety and protection, (4) two-way mass alerting capability, and (5) spatial information displays for command and control. The technological solutions were specifically designed to be innovative, low-cost, and (relatively) easy-to-implement, and to provide support across the spectrum of possible users including potential victims/bystanders, first responders, dispatch, and incident command.

  10. Theater Special Operations Commands Realignment (United States)


    D. Teske Mr. William C. Fleser United States Special Operations Command 7701 Tampa Point Boulevard MacDill Air Force Base, Florida 33621 Point...of Contact Ken D. Teske United States Special Operations Command 7701 Tampa Point Boulevard MacDill Air Force Base, Florida 33621 (757) 510...Theater Special Operations Commands Realignment Mr. Michael D. Tisdel Mr. Ken D. Teske Mr. William C. Fleser 19th ICCRTS 17 June 2014 Paper ID

  11. Evaluation of Neurophysiologic and Systematic Changes during Aeromedical Evacuation and en Route Care of Combat Casualties in a Swine Polytrauma (United States)


    Combat Casualties in a Swine Polytrauma PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Richard McCarron, PhD CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION: Henry M. Jackson Foundation Bethesda...MD 20817-1834 REPORT DATE: February 2017 TYPE OF REPORT: Annual PREPARED FOR: U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command Fort Detrick...Aeromedical Evacuation and en Route Care of Combat Casualties in a Swine Polytrauma 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER W81XWH-13-2-0022 6. AUTHOR(S) Richard M. McCarron

  12. Ready...Set... Command! Rethinking Training for Squadron Commanders (United States)


    AIR WAR COLLEGE AIR UNIVERSITY READY… SET… COMMAND! RETHINKING TRAINING FOR SQUADRON COMMANDERS by Jeremy S. Anderson, Lt Col, USAF A...with the “care and feeding” of their squadrons as they train, organize, and equip Airmen, encompassing a myriad of tasks, processes , and reporting. The...their units, noting continuous process improvement as the key to highly successful 8 David L

  13. The eutrophication commandments. (United States)

    Fulweiler, R W; Rabalais, N N; Heiskanen, A S


    Typically, rising atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are used to illustrate how humans have impacted the earth. However, we have also dramatically altered the amount of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) cycling through the biosphere. Eventually these nutrients are carried to coastal receiving waters where they cause severe, often negative consequences including increased phytoplankton and macroalgae blooms, loss of submerged aquatic vegetation, low oxygen events, and decreased biodiversity. In many systems mitigation efforts are now underway to return these ecosystems to a less impacted state. While many uncertainties about the best way to manage eutrophic systems remain it is clear that we must take action to lessen our human nutrient footprint. Based on our current understanding of eutrophic systems we present ten eutrophication commandments or guidelines as a tool for scientists, policy makers, managers, and the public.

  14. Modelling of command and control agility

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oosthuizen, R


    Full Text Available Different systems engineering techniques and approaches are applied to design and develop Command and Control solutions for complex problems. Command and Control is a complex sociotechnical system where human commanders make sense of a situation...

  15. Garrison Command Skills for Success (United States)


    Leadership ” in Leadership : Theory and Practice , third edition, by Peter G. Northouse (Thousand Oaks, CA.: Sage) 2006, pp. 206-210 11. From Garrison Commander briefing received via personal e-mail, Oct. 3, 2007. ...5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) U.S. Army War College,Department of Command, Leadership & Management...Strate- gic Leadership Primer”3 that is the off- At the time of the publication of this article, the slate of garrison commanders

  16. Gettysburg: A Study in Command (United States)


    division (VA) -- George Pickett (7500 men) with brigades commanded by: --- Kemper --- Garnett --- Armistead Total forces: ~12,500...with 2 brigades forward (Garnett north, Kemper south, Armistead to the rear). 8 States

  17. The SAS-3 delayed command system (United States)

    Hoffman, E. J.


    To meet the requirements arising from the increased complexity of the power, attitude control and telemetry systems, a full redundant high-performance control section with delayed command capability was designed for the Small Astronomy Satellite-3 (SAS-3). The relay command system of SAS-3 is characterized by 56 bystate relay commands, with capability for handling up to 64 commands in future versions. The 'short' data command service of SAS-1 and SAS-2 consisting of shifting 24-bit words to two users was expanded to five users and augmented with a 'long load' data command service (up to 4080 bits) used to program the telemetry system and the delayed command subsystem. The inclusion of a delayed command service ensures a program of up to 30 relay or short data commands to be loaded for execution at designated times. The design and system operation of the SAS-3 command section are analyzed, with special attention given to the delayed command subsystem.

  18. Command Process Modeling & Risk Analysis (United States)

    Meshkat, Leila


    Commanding Errors may be caused by a variety of root causes. It's important to understand the relative significance of each of these causes for making institutional investment decisions. One of these causes is the lack of standardized processes and procedures for command and control. We mitigate this problem by building periodic tables and models corresponding to key functions within it. These models include simulation analysis and probabilistic risk assessment models.

  19. Identification of Company Command Competencies (United States)


    45 Virtual role plays ( VRPs ) could be used to measure many of the company command competencies identified in this project. In a VRP , the user...could play the role of a Company Commander who must deal with myriad crises, challenges, and potential opportunities. In a web- enabled VRP , the be concerned about. Future research should create VRPs or other engaging assessments to determine proficiency levels on the identified company

  20. AFRICOM: Reconstruction and Stability through the Provisional Reconstruction Team-Enhanced, Enabled by Unity of Command (United States)


    Colonial governments established within Africa did very little to establish African governance and 108 to develop civil societies ( Putman 2008, 6...for its future ( Putman 2008, 16). PRT-Es must have a clear, unified chain of command in order to achieve unity of effort. They must have access to...Library of Congress. Putman , Diana. 2008. Combating African questions about the legitimacy of AFRICOM. Strategy Research Project, Carlisle: U.S

  1. On the Exploitation of Human Inductive Thought and Intuition in Future Global Command and Control Architectures (United States)


    battlespace, the commander strives to obtain all relevant information concerning hisI combat environment while chaos serves to disrupt, disable , and...1990) Cognition : an intellectual process by which knowledge is gained about perceptions or ideas. (Gevarter, 1985) Common Sense : the ability to...knowledge, heuristic rules that simplify and improve approaches to problem-solving, metaknowledge and metacognition , and compiled forms of behavior that

  2. Can’t Stop the Signal: Regaining Reliable Access to Cyberspace for Command and Control (United States)


    nations now have the ability to destroy or disable satellites outright with anti- satellite ( ASAT ) technology, forcing the combatant commander to analyze...the problem of how to provide cyber without space. 24 Even if the JFC would like to assume that an ASAT -capable nation would not use this ability...for guarantees from the adversary not to utilize ASAT first. This would severely hamper the operational commander’s ability to utilize cyber unless

  3. Crossing the Line of Departure. Battle Command on the Move A Historical Perspective (United States)


    helicopter or air transport. In the pre-mechanized age, mobile operations are characterized not by the predominant use of one arm of the service, such as...intelligence, maneuver, fire support, air defense, mobility/countermobility/survivability, combat service support, and command and control. 4. FM 3-0, 5...Madre mountains onto the Plateau of Anahuac to the town of Puebla , 70 miles short of Mexico City. There on 15 May, the army paused for reinforcements

  4. Strategic Global Climate Command? (United States)

    Long, J. C. S.


    Researchers have been exploring geoengineering because Anthropogenic GHG emissions could drive the globe towards unihabitability for people, wildlife and vegetation. Potential global deployment of these technologies is inherently strategic. For example, solar radiation management to reflect more sunlight might be strategically useful during a period of time where the population completes an effort to cease emissions and carbon removal technologies might then be strategically deployed to move the atmospheric concentrations back to a safer level. Consequently, deployment of these global technologies requires the ability to think and act strategically on the part of the planet's governments. Such capacity most definitely does not exist today but it behooves scientists and engineers to be involved in thinking through how global command might develop because the way they do the research could support the development of a capacity to deploy intervention rationally -- or irrationally. Internationalizing research would get countries used to working together. Organizing the research in a step-wise manner where at each step scientists become skilled at explaining what they have learned, the quality of the information they have, what they don't know and what more they can do to reduce or handle uncertainty, etc. Such a process can increase societal confidence in being able to make wise decisions about deployment. Global capacity will also be enhanced if the sceintific establishment reinvents misssion driven research so that the programs will identify the systemic issues invovled in any proposed technology and systematically address them with research while still encouraging individual creativity. Geoengineering will diverge from climate science in that geoengineering research needs to design interventions for some publically desirable goal and investigates whether a proposed intervention will acheive desired outcomes. The effort must be a systems-engineering design problem

  5. The Double Love Commandment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francois P. Viljoen


    Full Text Available The Gospel of Matthew was written during a period of dispute between the Matthean community and their fellow Jews, with the Pharisees playing a leading role. The Matthean community was heir to the same scriptures as its opponents. They continued to have a firm commitment to the Torah, but they developed a distinctive understanding of it based on Jesus’ teaching. The formation of this community is investigated in this article, considering the Mediterranean perspectives of group-oriented societies prevalent in the first century. Such a group provided a sense of self and an interactive support system, where love functioned to bind the group together. The subordinates showed their undivided loyalty towards their superiors because of the favours they received from them, whilst they supported and cared for other members within the group as they care for themselves. Reading the double love commandment of Matthew 22:34−40 from this perspective reveals significant aspects of the community’s identity with regard to their commitment to God and their view of their neighbours.Die Dubbele Liefdesgebod. Die Matteusevangelie is gedurende ’n periode van konfliktussen die Matteusgemeenskap en mede-Jode geskryf met die Fariseërs in ’n leidende rol. Die Matteusgemeenskap het van dieselfde geskrifte as hulle opponente gebruik gemaak. Hulle was steeds aan die Torah lojaal, maar het ’n unieke interpretasie daarvan gehuldig, gebaseer op die onderrig van Jesus. In hierdie artikel word die vorming van die Matteusgemeenskap ondersoek met inagneming van die Mediterreense beskouing van die groepgeoriënteerde gemeenskappe wat tipies van die eerste eeu was. So ’n groep het aan individue ’n bewustheid van eie waarde verskaf te midde van ’n interaktiewe ondersteuningsisteem waarin liefde as samebindende faktor gefunksioneer het. Ondergeskiktes het onverdeelde lojaliteit teenoor hulle meerderes betoon vanweë die gunste wat hulle van die meerderes geniet het

  6. Not a Pound for Air-To-Ground: A Historiographical Analysis on the Genesis of the Multi-Role Fighter (United States)


    General Otto Weyland, Commander of Far East Air Forces (FEAF), stated, “The outstanding air-combat lesson of the Korean War was learned during the first...imperative not to ignore historical combat lessons learned . Future fighter procurement must prioritize an air superiority fighter design, which can then...9  World War Two Conclusion and Lessons Learned

  7. Combating trafficking: the Swiss approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastian Rauber


    Full Text Available Switzerland is committed to combating and preventingtrafficking in human beings. Effective policy implementationin a federal structure depends on networking,effective information exchange and development ofrobust cooperation mechanisms.

  8. Littoral Combat Ship Crew Scheduling (United States)


    package DON Department of the Navy F&R Fix and Relax GAMS General Algebraic Modeling System LCS Littoral Combat Ship LCSRON Littoral Combat Ship...but that can be acceptable depending on the scheduler needs. F&R produces superior long-term schedules when compared to a similar-length RH schedule...LEFT BLANK 29 IV. MODEL IMPLEMENTATION LCSS is implemented with the General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) using the GAMS/CPLEX (GAMS, 2014

  9. Evidence of Combat in Triceratops


    Andrew A Farke; Wolff, Ewan D. S.; Tanke, Darren H.


    BACKGROUND: The horns and frill of Triceratops and other ceratopsids (horned dinosaurs) are interpreted variously as display structures or as weapons against conspecifics and predators. Lesions (in the form of periosteal reactive bone, healing fractures, and alleged punctures) on Triceratops skulls have been used as anecdotal support of intraspecific combat similar to that in modern horned and antlered animals. If ceratopsids with different cranial morphologies used their horns in such combat...

  10. O combate ao escorpionismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavio de Magalhães


    Full Text Available O outor estuda os processos de combate aos acidentes pelas picadas dos escorpiões, visando: a Profilaxia e b Terapêutica. Refere-se à luta nos campos e nas cidades e aqui, dentro e fora dos domicílios. Assinala os diferentes métodos para o combate a êsses artrópodos peçonhentos. Fala na luta direta, indireta, na vacinação pelo anaveneno, na propaganda pela educação racional da população contra o perigo dos acidentes. Refere-se à "cata" dos escorpiões, à luta química, ao emprêgo de animais escorpiófagos, á feitura de casas e jardins anti-escorpiões. Na primeira parte do presente trabalho o autor trata da luta química pelo d. D. T. contra os tityus bahiensis e serrulatus, concluindo que êste corpo químico é um poderoso elemento de luta contra êstes escorpiões. Na segunda parte do trabalho, o autor trata da terapêutica dos acidentes. Mostra a necessidade do emprêgo convenientemente da única terapêutica racional e eficaz contra a intoxicação escorpiônica: a soroterapia específica. Assinala a necessidade da injeção de doses maciças de um sôro de alta valência, preparado em bovídeos, para evitar o mais possível o choque anafilático, no menor tempo possível após as picadas. Aconselha o empêgo de anaveneno escorpiônico, para vacinação principalmente de crianças de baixa idade, nos lugares fortemente infestados pelos escorpiões (principalmente Tityus serrulatus, maximé quando no local não houver sôro anti-escorpiônico específico, como meio preventivo contra a gravidade das intoxicações. Cita finalmente os trabalhos recentes de Grasset, Shaasfsma e Hodgson, na África do Sul, que confirmam muitas idéias do autor e mostram a unidade universal do síndromo escorpiônico descrito no Brasil.

  11. The Effects of Degraded Vision and Automatic Combat Identification Reliability on Infantry Friendly Fire Engagements


    Kogler, Timothy Michael


    Fratricide is one of the most devastating consequences of any military conflict. Target identification failures have been identified as the last link in a chain of mistakes that can lead to fratricide. Other links include weapon and equipment malfunctions, command, control, and communication failures, navigation failures, fire discipline failures, and situation awareness failures. This research examined the effects of degraded vision and combat identification reliability on the time-stress...

  12. 30 Brigade Combat Teams: Is the Army too Small (United States)


    MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) N/A 10. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY REPORT NUMBER 11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES The views expressed in this...capacity. In order to increase the number of BCTs, the Army will have to increase its end strength. 14. SUBJECT TERMS simulation, Army...brigade combat teams, Army end strength, boots on the ground to dwell time ratio 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 57 16. PRICE CODE 17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

  13. Women Warriors: Why the Robotics Revolution Changes the Combat Equation (United States)


    our military’s history to include racial integration of ground forces, females joining combat aviation units, and most recently the service of openly...critics recognize the contributions of women warriors throughout history . Maginnas, Deadly Consequences, 12-18. 15. Skaine, Reference Handbook, 61...Question in Feminist International Relations: Unmanning the U.S. War on Terror,” in Feminism and International Relations, eds. J. Ann Tickner and Laura Sjoberg, (London: Routledge, 2011), 146, 162.

  14. Command and Control of Joint Air Operations through Mission Command (United States)


    mile area of responsibility. Colonel Carpenter attended Undergraduate Air Battle Manager (ABM) Training at Tyndall AFB, Florida, earning his controller......joint community must instill the concept and principles of mission command in their culture. Consequently, this article discusses the ori- gins and

  15. Dying on the Vine: Air Combat Command’s Struggle to Provide Combat-Ready Aircrews with Limited Resources (United States)


    123374599 accessed March 6, 2014. March, James G. A Primer on Decision Making. New York, NY: The Free Press, 1994. McCullough, Amy. Tiered Readiness at...University, 2012. Rickard , Robert. "Meeting the Challenge of Live CAF Training A 10 Year Study." Holloman AFB, NM: Air Force Research Laboratory

  16. New Commander,New Challenges

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI YAN


    @@ Stanley McChrystal came into the spotlight in June 2009 when U.S. President Barack Obama entrusted him with fighting America's longest war since the end of the Cold War as commander of U.S. forces in Afghanistan.

  17. Unity of Command and Interdiction (United States)


    18 February 1991, 54. "U.S. Speeds Development of Kinetic Weapons Designed to Penetrate Underground Command Centers." Aviation Week & Space Technology...Forces of the United States. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, February 1993. Rader , William K. Targeting Air Interdiction In Support Of

  18. 14 CFR 61.58 - Pilot-in-command proficiency check: Operation of aircraft requiring more than one pilot flight... (United States)


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Pilot-in-command proficiency check: Operation of aircraft requiring more than one pilot flight crewmember. 61.58 Section 61.58 Aeronautics and...: PILOTS, FLIGHT INSTRUCTORS, AND GROUND INSTRUCTORS General § 61.58 Pilot-in-command proficiency...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melda Kamil Ariadno


    Full Text Available Piracy at sea has been a threat to international navigation ever since the sea traverse by ships from west to east and north to south. Threat to international trade has resulted to various efforts in combating piracy regionally as well as internationally. International law has differentiated between piracy and sea-armed robbery, while the first requires regional or international cooperation due to universal jurisdiction, the second will directly fall under the jurisdiction of coastal state. Strait of Malacca has been used by international navigation and very fragile to the threat of piracy or even appropriately called as sea armed robbery since most of the time happened in the part of Indonesian territorial sea. Various efforts to combat piracy have been carried out by Indonesia including to cooperate with Malaysia and Singapore. This article discuss about piracy at sea, its legal definition and effort to combat piracy.

  20. 32 CFR 700.1053 - Commander of a task force. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Commander of a task force. 700.1053 Section 700... Command Detail to Duty § 700.1053 Commander of a task force. (a) A geographic fleet commander, and any other naval commander, may detail in command of a task force, or other task command, any...

  1. Neurologic Health in Combat Sports. (United States)

    Seifert, Tad


    Neurologic injuries of both an acute and chronic nature have been reported in the literature for various combat sport styles; however, reports of the incidence and prevalence of these injury types vary greatly. Combat sports clinicians must continue to strive for the development, implementation, and enforcement of uniform minimum requirements for brain safety. These health care providers must also seize on the honor to provide this oft-underserved population with the health care advocacy they very much deserve, but often do not receive. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Empowered Commanders: The Cornerstone to Agile, Flexible Command and Control (United States)


    decades, the the- ater air and space operations center has conducted this effort. Today’s fight, however, calls for all commanders, to some degree...components to maximize joint training exercises and op- portunities. Furthermore, it has created the theater security coopera- tion line of operation...that wisdom? Answering this question will call for deliberate efforts by the CFACC to groom, train, and exercise subordinate com- manders to develop

  3. 76 FR 19893 - Unified Command Plan 2011 (United States)


    ...#0;#0; ] Memorandum of April 6, 2011 Unified Command Plan 2011 Memorandum for the Secretary of... the revised Unified Command Plan. Consistent with title 10, United States Code, section 161(b)(2)...

  4. Integrated physical training in combat sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Hernández García


    Full Text Available AbstractThis paper aims to define the concepts of embedded training (EI and integrated fitness (PFI and the importance of these concepts have in training in combat sports. And define a set of guidelines and examples of PFI in the combat sport of judo.Key words: integrated training, integrated physical training, combat sports, judo

  5. Combat Injury Coding: A Review and Reconfiguration (United States)


    characterize combat anatomic injury, and the Military Functional Incapacity Scale (MFIS), which indicates immediate tactical functional impairment, were...Combat Injury Scale and Military Functional Incapacity Scale were developed, tested and validated by teams of civilian and tri-service military expertise...characterizes the unique injuries encountered in combat, es- pecially those caused by explosions, and its derivative, the Military Functional Incapacity

  6. Battle Command: An Approach to Wickedness (United States)


    blank slate‖ ( tabula rasa – a blank mind) approach that allows the practitioner to develop a true appreciation of the unique problem without...Command describes the role of the commander in the Operations Process. 11 Commanders must understand the nature of their environment, the disposition of...Operations Process. The commander‘s role within the Operational Process is Battle Command. On Wickedness A problem, as defined by FM 5-0, is the

  7. Decentralisation and Combating Educational Exclusion. (United States)

    van Langen, Annemarie; Dekkers, Hetty


    Describes Dutch policies to combat educational disadvantage arising from economic, social, and cultural factors by funding efforts at the local level. Compares Dutch efforts to success factors and obstacles encountered in similar initiatives in the United States, England and Wales, and Australia, where public education and local authority have…

  8. New Russian Combat Small Boats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandr F. Mitrofanov


    Full Text Available The article presents an overview of small combat boats. The author provides a description and gives an analysis of the characteristics of the boat "Raptor", boat "BK-16", boat "Strizh-4-1 DSh", and assault boat "BK-10".

  9. Combating corruption in global health. (United States)

    Mackey, Tim K; Kohler, Jillian; Lewis, Maureen; Vian, Taryn


    Corruption is a critical challenge to global health efforts, and combating it requires international action, advocacy, and research. Copyright © 2017 The Authors, some rights reserved; exclusive licensee American Association for the Advancement of Science. No claim to original U.S. Government Works.

  10. Evidence of combat in triceratops.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrew A Farke

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The horns and frill of Triceratops and other ceratopsids (horned dinosaurs are interpreted variously as display structures or as weapons against conspecifics and predators. Lesions (in the form of periosteal reactive bone, healing fractures, and alleged punctures on Triceratops skulls have been used as anecdotal support of intraspecific combat similar to that in modern horned and antlered animals. If ceratopsids with different cranial morphologies used their horns in such combat, this should be reflected in the rates of lesion occurrence across the skull. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We used a G-test of independence to compare incidence rates of lesions in Triceratops (which possesses two large brow horns and a smaller nasal horn and the related ceratopsid Centrosaurus (with a large nasal horn and small brow horns, for the nasal, jugal, squamosal, and parietal bones of the skull. The two taxa differ significantly in the occurrence of lesions on the squamosal bone of the frill (P = 0.002, but not in other cranial bones (P > 0.20. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: This pattern is consistent with Triceratops using its horns in combat and the frill being adapted as a protective structure for this taxon. Lower pathology rates in Centrosaurus may indicate visual rather than physical use of cranial ornamentation in this genus, or a form of combat focused on the body rather than the head.

  11. On Preparing for Squadron Command (United States)


    Requirements 5. NCO Professional Military Education (PNE) Program 6. SOS Selection Procedures and Criteria 7. Officer PFE 3. Decorations Progrars 9... Audit Program 42, Commander’s Management System (CXS) 43. Economic Analysis (EA) Charter 44. Internal Control Review Program 45. Management Assistance...Comptroller I, Overview of Financial Structure 2. Your Role as a Financial Manager 3. Audit Focal Point 4. Military Pay 5. Per Diem and Travel

  12. Interoperable Architecture for Command and Control (United States)


    Data-in-rest client Data-in-motion client Gateway Combat Group B BGAN Satellite Emergency Services radio GIS data-in-motion source C2 App WiMax ...Data-in-motion client Gateway Combat Group C BGAN Satellite GIS WiMax /Wifi Routing DM Email data-in-motion source & data-in-rest client Data-in-rest...Combat Group B BGAN Satellite Emergency Services radio GIS data-in-motion source C2 App WiMax /Wifi Routing DM Combat Communications Infrastructure

  13. Windows Command Line Administration Instant Reference

    CERN Document Server

    Mueller, John Paul


    The perfect companion to any book on Windows Server 2008 or Windows 7, and the quickest way to access critical information. Focusing just on the essentials of command-line interface (CLI), Windows Command-Line Administration Instant Reference easily shows how to quickly perform day-to-day tasks of Windows administration without ever touching the graphical user interface (GUI). Specifically designed for busy administrators, Windows Command-Line Administration Instant Reference replaces many tedious GUI steps with just one command at the command-line, while concise, easy to access answers provid

  14. Abductive networks applied to electronic combat (United States)

    Montgomery, Gerard J.; Hess, Paul; Hwang, Jong S.


    A practical approach to dealing with combinatorial decision problems and uncertainties associated with electronic combat through the use of networks of high-level functional elements called abductive networks is presented. It describes the application of the Abductory Induction Mechanism (AIMTM) a supervised inductive learning tool for synthesizing polynomial abductive networks to the electronic combat problem domain. From databases of historical expert-generated or simulated combat engagements AIM can often induce compact and robust network models for making effective real-time electronic combat decisions despite significant uncertainties or a combinatorial explosion of possible situations. The feasibility of applying abductive networks to realize advanced combat decision aiding capabilities was demonstrated by applying AIM to a set of electronic combat simulations. The networks synthesized by AIM generated accurate assessments of the intent lethality and overall risk associated with a variety of simulated threats and produced reasonable estimates of the expected effectiveness of a group of electronic countermeasures for a large number of simulated combat scenarios. This paper presents the application of abductive networks to electronic combat summarizes the results of experiments performed using AIM discusses the benefits and limitations of applying abductive networks to electronic combat and indicates why abductive networks can often result in capabilities not attainable using alternative approaches. 1. ELECTRONIC COMBAT. UNCERTAINTY. AND MACHINE LEARNING Electronic combat has become an essential part of the ability to make war and has become increasingly complex since

  15. Stakeholder Analysis of Integrating Women Into Ground Combat Units (United States)


    helicopter pilot who became a legend in Vietnam for his heroics. He is generally recognized as the most-decorated living veteran, and is the author of separate leagues from men (as cited in Wilstein, 2013, and Houston, 2013) - a comparison often used throughout the analytical data set by...West goes on to draw comparisons to professional sports and why women compete in separate leagues than men - a comparison often used throughout

  16. Ground Combat Training Squadron Complex Final Environmental Assessment (United States)


    Activities Areas of natural terrain with a thick understory and layers of heavy forest floor litter are important training components. Supervised...headquarters, aid and litter team, prisoner team, surveillance team, enroute recorder, compass person, and pace person. Description of the Proposed...Chapter 259 The proposed action would not affect Authorizes acquisition of Land Arquisitionfbr tourism and/or outdoor recreation. environmentally

  17. Detecting and combating malicious email

    CERN Document Server

    Ryan, Julie JCH


    Malicious email is, simply put, email with a malicious purpose. The malicious purpose could be fraud, theft, espionage, or malware injection. The processes by which email execute the malicious activity vary widely, from fully manual (e.g. human-directed) to fully automated. One example of a malicious email is one that contains an attachment which the recipient is directed to open. When the attachment is opened, malicious software is installed on the recipient's computer. Because malicious email can vary so broadly in form and function, automated detection is only marginally helpful. The education of all users to detect potential malicious email is important to containing the threat and limiting the damage. It is increasingly necessary for all email users to understand how to recognize and combat malicious email. Detecting and Combating Malicious Email describes the different types of malicious email, shows how to differentiate malicious email from benign email, and suggest protective strategies for both perso...

  18. Les esclaves du commandant Quiquandon


    Tymowski, Michal


    Le 10 janvier 1895, Albert Grodet, gouverneur général du Soudan français, adressa au ministère des Colonies une dépêche accusant le commandant Quiquandon, dirigeant de la région Nord-Est (Ségou), d'exploiter illégalement un domaine sur lequel travaillent 140 esclaves. À partir de ce cas particulier, l'auteur analyse les conflits qui existaient à l'époque entre l'administration civile et un groupe d'officiers soudanais. Il se demande si la possession d'esclaves par des officiers, prenant...

  19. Enhancing Brigade Combat Team Adaptability (United States)


    participation and support of my unnamed heroes , the leaders of the Brigade Combat Team that provided such rich insight into the phenomenon of organizational... Archetype ” ARFORGEN (Short Deployment Cycles) OIF/OEF Low number of BCTs (Growing Action) (Slowing Action)(Condition) Key Terms -Trust -Confidence...Behavior – Climate - Trust Adapted from Peter Senge’s (2006) “Limits to Growth Archetype ” Key Terms -Trust -Confidence -Competence -Opportunity

  20. Combats escènics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pawel Rouba Billowicz


    Full Text Available “Combats Escènics” és un treball que tracta sobre la interpretació artística de la violència d’artistes de l’espectacle per tal de divertir el públic i emetre un missatge humanista mitjançant una coreografia ritual. En aquest estudi es presenta una classificació del combat escènic des del doble vessant agonista/antagonista, es realitza un passeig històric de la representació artística del combat a través de les diferents etapes i de les diverses cultures, s’aborda la preparació escènica de l’actor i del coreògraf, i s’entreveuen les perspectives de futur d’aquesta modalitat artística. Estudi realitzat per Pawel Rouba Billewicz (Inowroclaw, Polònia, 1939 - Barcelona, 2007, director, coreògraf, actor, mestre d’armes, mestre del gest i de la pantomima i professor de l’INEF de Catalunya. Aquest article, editorialment inèdit, es publica postmortem per Apunts. Educació Física i Esports com a homenatge i reconeixement de l’autor per la seva extraordinària i polivalent aportació al camp de l’art i l’Activitat Física i l’Esport.

  1. A Trajectory Tracking Control Based on Immune Genetic Fuzzy Neural Sliding Mode for Ground Combat Robot%基于免疫遗传模糊神经滑模的地面作战机器人轨迹跟踪控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李郁峰; 李魁武; 潘玉田; 郭保全


    提出了一种基于运动学与动力学模型的免疫遗传模糊神经滑模混合控制器用于地面作战机器人的控制。算法中利用径向基神经网络逼近滑模控制的等效部分,并通过免疫遗传算法对径向基神经网络参数进行了优化,滑模控制的增益通过模糊控制策略进行了调节。利用该算法对圆形轨迹进行了跟踪控制仿真及试验分析,与传统的滑模控制相比,该算法能够有效克服系统的不确定性因素的影响,有效抑制了滑模控制中抖振现象,系统的动态轨迹跟踪性能得到了优化。%Based on a kinematic controller and a sliding mode dynamics controller with immune gene-tic algorithm fuzzy neural network,a hybrid control algorithm is presented for ground combat robot. In this algorithm,the equivalent sliding mode control is approached by using radial basis function neural network (RBFNN),and the structure and parameters of RBFNN nonlinear hidden layers are tuned on-line according to immune genetic algorithm for the optimization of the parameters of networks with the gain of sliding mode control adjusted through the adaptive fuzzy systems. Simulation and experimental analysis of the circular trajectory tracking control are carried out by using this algorithm. Compared with the traditional sliding mode control,the proposed controller effectively overcomes the influences of uncertain factors,eliminates chattering of the sliding mode control,and optimizes the dynamic trajecto-ry tracking performance of the system.

  2. U.S. Combat Commands’ Participation in the Proliferation Security Initiative: A Training Manual (United States)


    goals and activities of the PSI. — *Japan hosted its first PSI Maritime Interdiction Exercise “Team Samurai 04” in October 2004. (2) Variety of...Team Samurai 04, the port inspection exercise was conducted for the first time in the exercise hosted by Japan. As for Japan’s law-enforcement...increased significantly compared to Team Samurai 04*. Observers from those countries had active exchanges with other participants/observers during the 3-day

  3. Ready or Not ... Here They Come: Are the Combatant Commanders Ready for Multinational Logistics (United States)


    Merrifield, David. “NATO and Multinational Logistics,” 2001 19 Pina , Juan A. “HELBA.” Multinational Integrated Logistic Unit, SFOR Informer Online,> [14 May 2004]. Pina , Juan A. “HELBA.” Multinational Integrated Logistic Unit, SFOR Informer Online, 1 March 2001

  4. Cultural Momentum: The Impact of Agency on Foreign Area Officer Support to the Geographic Combatant Commands (United States)


    thousands more, and leaving millions homeless . This devastating force of nature rendered helpless a country with a weak democratic government and regarded...professionalism of their respective forces, but also to the trust and understanding they fostered with each other long before the crisis .11 General Keen

  5. Central Heating Plant site characterization report, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, Quantico, Virginia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    This report presents the methodology and results of a characterization of the operation and maintenance (O M) environment at the US Marine Corps (USMC) Quantico, Virginia, Central Heating Plant (CHP). This characterization is part of a program intended to provide the O M staff with a computerized artificial intelligence (AI) decision support system that will assist the plant staff in more efficient operation of their plant. 3 refs., 12 figs.

  6. Evaluation of DoD Contracts Regarding Combating Trafficking in Persons: U.S. Central Command (United States)


    regarding allegations of contractor and U.S. Forces’ involvement in sexual slavery, human trafficking , and debt bondage . Prior to 2000, allegations of...sexual slavery, sex with minors, and human trafficking involving U.S. contractors in Bosnia and Herzegovina led to administrative and criminal...investigation and changes to DoD policy. In 2004, official reports chronicled allegations of forced labor and debt bondage against U.S. contractors in Iraq

  7. Duplicate Class IV (Lumber) Ordering Within Defense Logistics Agency and Its Impact in Each Combatant Command (United States)


    effect, which is a negative event that drives forecast driven supply chain management systems (Bray & Mendleson, 2012). This could be due to many factors...Warrant Officer 2 (CW2)” (U. S. Army, 2014a, p. 1-8). SSA Stock control manager : “Coordinates the functions of the stock control section and manages ...Office of Management and Budget, Paperwork Reduction Project (0704–0188) Washington DC 20503. 1. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leave blank) 2. REPORT DATE

  8. Security Force Assistance: Additional Actions Needed to Guide Geographic Combatant Command and Service Efforts (United States)


    versions of the system currently lack standard global business rules to guide how information on activities should be entered. Thus, it is up to the...activities, and are in the process of developing global business rules to that effect, expected to be completed by the end of fiscal year 2012

  9. The Who, What and How of Social Media Exploitation for a Combatant Commander (United States)


    John Wiley & Sons, 2013), 18. 11 Neilson Company , State of the Media: The Social Media Report 2012, accessed 26 April, 2013, next category is media platforms, which enable users to create and share media with others. YouTube, Flickr, and Instagram are some of the...2013. Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. Encyclopedia Britannica Company . accessed May 11, 2013.

  10. Battalion Evaluation of the Combat Vehicle Command and Control System in Distributed Interactive Simulation. Preliminary Findings (United States)


    Atwood , MG (Ret.) Charles Heiden, Mr. Owen Pitney, and Mr. Ryszard Lozicki. Mr. Jeffrey Schmidt and Ms. Margaret Shay provided invaluable assistance in...years has produced data of substantial operational significance (Leibrecht et al., 1992; Du Bois & Smith, 1991; Atwood , Quinkert, Campbell, Lameier...the CVCC training package ( Atwood et al., 1991), to conduct detailed task analyses (Morey, Wigginton & O’Brien, 1992), to prototype training methods

  11. The Role of the Geographic Combatant Commander in Counterproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (United States)


    path of confidence. The path of fear – isolationism and protectionism , retreat and retrenchment – appeals to those who find our challenges too great...over isolationism , and the pursuit of free and fair trade and open markets over protectionism . We choose to deal with challenges now rather than...clear, the United States will not resort to isolationism to deal with global problems but will face challenges now and seek to influence the outcome as

  12. Planning of Combat Operations and Command of Troops with the Aid of Network Graphs, (United States)


    Accession For Country of origin: USSR R ---- V This document is a machine translation. NTIS GAi Requester: FTD/TQFO DTIC TAB Approved for public release...V. Proskuryakov . Network planning and control. Publ. of MVTU [MBTY - Moscow Higher Technical School] im. Baumann. 7. Basic condition/positions on

  13. Central Heating Plant site characterization report, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, Quantico, Virginia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    This report presents the methodology and results of a characterization of the operation and maintenance (O M) environment at the US Marine Corps (USMC) Quantico, Virginia, Central Heating Plant (CHP). This characterization is part of a program intended to provide the O M staff with a computerized artificial intelligence (AI) decision support system that will assist the plant staff in more efficient operation of their plant. 3 refs., 12 figs.

  14. Personnel, The Class 0 Supply Item: A Logistics Management Approach to Supplying Combatant Commanders with Warfighters (United States)


    book “The Goal: A Process of Ongoing Improvement”, Eliyahu Goldratt proposed his Theory of Constraints and a method of evaluating processes to...improve their throughput ( Goldratt , 2004). Goldratt argues that before you can improve a process, you have to be able to measure the process, and before...Undersecretary of Defense. 106 Goldratt , E. M. (2004). The Goal: A Process of Ongoing Improvement. North River Press. Hammer, M., & Champy, J. (1993

  15. Planning for Peace: Rethinking the Combatant Commander’s Role in the Post-Conflict (United States)


    of Staff, 1997. Collins , Joseph J. “Afghanistan: The Path to Victory.” Joint Force Quarterly, no. 54 (3d Quarter 2009): 58-61. Dobbins, James... Treacherous Shoals: Establishing a Robust Interagency Process for National Security Strategy, Planning, and Budgeting.” In Defense 23

  16. Enterprise Command and Control Requirements and Common Architecture on US Navy Surface Combatants (United States)


    Integrated Air Picture ( SIAP ) developed a suite of metrics relating to the common tactical and operating pictures that can be adapted to the surface...picture [Stockbauer, 2008]. Key metrics from the SIAP Attributes [Single Integrated Air Picture System Engineering Task Force, 2003] that will serve...TBD percent of all surface contacts. SIAP Performance 2.5 Correlate/Decorrelate Tracks Continuity The C2 system shall have fewer than

  17. Digital Gunnery: How Combat Vehicle Gunnery Training Creates a Model for Training the Mission Command System. (United States)


    curves to achieve proficiency, units do not have a clear process with which to train their operators to function as a cohesive staff. Weapon at critical evaluations. With a multitude of systems and challenging, but necessary learning curves to achieve proficiency, units do not have...40 Gap Analysis

  18. Airpower Leadership on the Front Line: Lt Gen George H. Brett and Combat Command (United States)


    his fellow residents with piano music when the men were off duty.21 At the close of the war Brett was a temporary major and listed among officers involved, but for the moment they must remain only theories .77 General Brett remained on duty. He still had important work to do, and his friend

  19. Combat Literacy: Creating a Command Climate With Greater Appreciation for the Operational Role of Foreign Language (United States)


    helps soldiers overcome the tendency to assume that “smart” people speak English in any country – allowing them to appreciate communication...functioning outside of the English language to achieve operational objectives. In assessing how well the U.S. military is doing, one finds a... pronunciation tips on an iPod, the avenues for acquiring language are manifold and diverse in their intent.41 Elaborate language learning efforts

  20. Workload Assessment for the Combat Vehicle Command and Control Company- Level Evaluation (United States)


    Detailed descriptive statistics and ANOVA summary tables for these two tasks are contained in Appendixes F4 and F5 respectively. Report Task Summary...POSITION Otner TC . 70 10 1.505 J.16 7 BPP nl base POSITIOtK Ccd’ -C.a4d .756 3 -3.018 .736 POSITION Pit Lors -I. 6? 2.2q1 7 -3.756 .402 POS!TIGN Otner TE...OR 41.9 PCT. F4-4 Appendix F5 Prepare/Send Sitrep Report Variable or term -GRP(1) ANOVA factor comparing CVCC with M1 Baseline GRP(2) ANOVA factor

  1. Command in Air War. Centralized Versus Decentralized Control of Combat Airpower (United States)


    between work and family. While my wife was homeschooling , I had to learn to get work done when I really wanted to play with my kids. For- tunately, they...the ‘CLIOS Process’: Integrating the Study of Physical and Policy Systems Using Mexico City as an Example.” Paper presented to the Massachusetts...Sussman, and Joshua B. Mc- Connell. “The Concept of the ‘CLIOS Process’: Integrating the Study of Physical and Policy Systems Using Mexico City as

  2. Keeping the Dogs in the Fight: What Combatant Commanders Need to Know about MWDs (United States)


    slip the dogs of war…” 1 - William Shakespeare INTRODUCTION The need to further examine additional capabilities of Military Working Dogs...1 William Shakespeare . “Julius Caesar,” The Literature Network. Last modified 2012, shakespeare /julius_caesar/9/. 2 Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Conference on Research to Expand the Usefulness of the Military

  3. An Analysis of the Tooth to Tail Ratio in a Brigade Combat Team Between 1990 to Present (United States)


    the Command Historian, TRADOC Fort Monroe , Virginia 11 Concept of the Army of Excellence (AOE) The Army of Excellence (AOE) was an effort which...Series (Fort Monroe , VA.: TRADOC, 1982), 26 23 Ibid 24 A.P. Dupay, “The Army of Excellence: At What Price to Combat Service Support”, Carlisle...36 Force XXI is defined in TRADOC Pamphlet 525-5 by five characteristics: doctrina flexibility, strategic

  4. Interfacing the Defense Standard Ammunition Computer System and the Air Force Combat Ammunition System: A Search for an Alternate Method. (United States)


    for controlling , financing, planning , programming, and budgeting of items in 114 %..-.o .. .. . .......... o •........................... the...S. Barnes, for all the guidance received throughout this effort, and to my reader, Capt Rich Mabe , for his suggestions which helped me organize the...questions about the Combat Ammunition System and the World Wide Military Command and Control System. Finally, I would like to thank the members of my

  5. Developing Flexible Command and Control of Airpower (United States)


    organizational level. The most famous practitioner of this concept, Gen Elwood “Pete” Quesada , commanded all tactical air forces on the continent, some more...XIX Tactical Air Command of Gen Otto “Opie” Weyland, who famously supported Gen George Patton’s charge across central France. Quesada trained all...understood his com- mand intent. He also worked closely with Lt Gen Courtney Hodges, commander of Army forces in France. Quesada saw to it that

  6. Barriers to Combating Human Trafficking in Colombia (United States)


    COMBATING HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN COLOMBIA by Daniel Joseph Wilcox March 2015 Thesis Advisor: Rodrigo Nieto-Gómez Second Reader: Maiah Jaskoski...Master ’s Thesis 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE BARRIERS TO COMBATING HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN COLOMBIA 6. AUTHOR(S) Daniel Joseph Wilcox 7. PERFORMING...maximum 200 words) 12b. DISTRIBUTION CODE Despite intema.tional and domestic policies and programs intended to combat human trafficking , Colombia

  7. Blossom Point Satellite Tracking and Command Station (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — FUNCTION: The Blossom Point Satellite Command and Tracking Facility (BP) provides engineering and operational support to several complex space systems for the Navy...

  8. Command and Control (C2) Survey of Short-Range Air Defense (SHORAD) Elements. (United States)


    bounds on the responses are within +4.5 percentage points N or a frequency count of about 6 ( Scheaffer , Mendenhall, & Ott, 1979). Procedures The...air defense command and control (SHORAD G4 ) system. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: U.S. Army Human Engineering Laboratory. 9. Scheaffer , R. L

  9. General Troy H. Middleton: Steadfast in Command (United States)


    September 1943. Middleton’s chronic football injury to his left knee forced him to relinquish command of the 45th Infantry division on November 19, 1943...gone down in history as an irresponsible commander who recklessly sacrificed his divisions or ignored true objectives… gambling always looks brilliant

  10. 32 CFR 552.65 - Command supervision. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Command supervision. 552.65 Section 552.65 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MILITARY RESERVATIONS AND....65 Command supervision. (a) All insurance business conducted on Army installation will be...

  11. BCS-18A command decoder-selector (United States)

    Laping, H.


    This report describes an 18-channel command decoder-selector which operates in conjunction with an HF command receiver to allow secure and reliable radio control of high altitude balloon payloads. A detailed technical description and test results are also included.

  12. Capturing a Commander's decision making style (United States)

    Santos, Eugene; Nguyen, Hien; Russell, Jacob; Kim, Keumjoo; Veenhuis, Luke; Boparai, Ramnjit; Stautland, Thomas Kristoffer


    A Commander's decision making style represents how he weighs his choices and evaluates possible solutions with regards to his goals. Specifically, in the naval warfare domain, it relates the way he processes a large amount of information in dynamic, uncertain environments, allocates resources, and chooses appropriate actions to pursue. In this paper, we describe an approach to capture a Commander's decision style by creating a cognitive model that captures his decisionmaking process and evaluate this model using a set of scenarios using an online naval warfare simulation game. In this model, we use the Commander's past behaviors and generalize Commander's actions across multiple problems and multiple decision making sequences in order to recommend actions to a Commander in a manner that he may have taken. Our approach builds upon the Double Transition Model to represent the Commander's focus and beliefs to estimate his cognitive state. Each cognitive state reflects a stage in a Commander's decision making process, each action reflects the tasks that he has taken to move himself closer to a final decision, and the reward reflects how close he is to achieving his goal. We then use inverse reinforcement learning to compute a reward for each of the Commander's actions. These rewards and cognitive states are used to compare between different styles of decision making. We construct a set of scenarios in the game where rational, intuitive and spontaneous decision making styles will be evaluated.

  13. 14 CFR 1214.703 - Chain of command. (United States)


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Chain of command. 1214.703 Section 1214.703... Shuttle Commander § 1214.703 Chain of command. (a) The Commander is a career NASA astronaut who has been..., and that another crew member in the chain of command is to succeed to the authority of the...

  14. Tactical/Combat Engines Cetane Window Evaluation (United States)


    custom diesel fuels typically used in Homogeneous Charge Coupled Ignition ( HCCI ) research engines . These fuels are characterized by a very heavy...UNCLASSIFIED TACTICAL/COMBAT ENGINES CETANE WINDOW EVALUATION INTERIM REPORT TFLRF No. 436 by Gregory A. Hansen, Douglas when no longer needed. Do not return it to the originator. UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED TACTICAL/COMBAT ENGINES CETANE WINDOW

  15. Recent Progress in Assessing the Readiness and Sustainability of Combat Forces. (United States)


    management prcblem: How to increase the capahility of comnat forces by improving the ability of combat commanders, resource managers, and planners to...resources unavailable ’See D. E. Emerson, An Introduction to the TSAR Stiulati ,n %V’a.ttMd,i. Features and Logic. The RAND Corporation . R-2584.AF...D’na-METRI(’ D) nam, MIti E, h.,,,n I’’, hniqL,, t ,r ,’ able Item Control, The RAND Corporation . R-27$i AF. .lul% 19N2. and R A lNle’ . 1"i, Dyna

  16. Combat ready clamp medic technique. (United States)

    Tovmassian, Robert V; Kragh, John F; Dubick, Michael A; Baer, David G; Blackbourne, Lorne H


    Junctional hemorrhage control device use on the battlefield might be lifesaving, but little experience is reported. The purpose of the present case report is to detail prehospital use of the Combat Ready Clamp (called the CRoC by its users, Combat Medical Systems, Fayetteville, NC; Instructions for Use, 2010) in casualty care in order to increase awareness of junctional hemorrhage control. The CRoC was used to control difficult inguinal bleeding on the battlefield for an Afghani man with a hindquarter traumatic amputation. The device promptly controlled exsanguination from a critical injury when placed during rotary-wing casualty evacuation. The flight medic applied the device in 90 seconds. The device performed well without complications to control bleeding. The CRoC, a new junctional hemorrhage control device, was used as indicated on the battlefield with mechanical and physiologic success and without device problems. By controlling difficult inguinal bleeding resulting from battlefield trauma, the device facilitated casualty stabilization and delivery to a surgical facility. The device facilitated the ability of a new flight medic to focus his expertise on a critically injured battlefield casualty with demonstrable success. 2012.

  17. Plant Habitat Telemetry / Command Interface and E-MIST (United States)

    Walker, Uriae M.


    Plant Habitat (PH) is an experiment to be taken to the International Space Station (ISS) in 2016. It is critical that ground support computers have the ability to uplink commands to control PH, and that ISS computers have the ability to downlink PH telemetry data to ground support. This necessitates communication software that can send, receive, and process, PH specific commands and telemetry. The objective of the Plant Habitat Telemetry/ Command Interface is to provide this communication software, and to couple it with an intuitive Graphical User Interface (GUI). Initial investigation of the project objective led to the decision that code be written in C++ because of its compatibility with existing source code infrastructures and robustness. Further investigation led to a determination that multiple Ethernet packet structures would need to be created to effectively transmit data. Setting a standard for packet structures would allow us to distinguish these packets that would range from command type packets to sub categories of telemetry packets. In order to handle this range of packet types, the conclusion was made to take an object-oriented programming approach which complemented our decision to use the C++ programming language. In addition, extensive utilization of port programming concepts was required to implement the core functionality of the communication software. Also, a concrete understanding of a packet processing software was required in order to put aU the components of ISS-to-Ground Support Equipment (GSE) communication together and complete the objective. A second project discussed in this paper is Exposing Microbes to the Stratosphere (EMIST). This project exposes microbes into the stratosphere to observe how they are impacted by atmospheric effects. This paper focuses on the electrical and software expectations of the project, specifically drafting the printed circuit board, and programming the on-board sensors. The Eagle Computer-Aided Drafting

  18. Astronaut John Young in Command Module Simulator during Apollo Simulation (United States)


    Astronaut John W. Young, command module pilot, inside the Command Module Simulator in bldg 5 during an Apollo Simulation. Astronauts Thomas P. Stafford, commander and Eugene A. Cernan, lunar module pilot are out of the view.

  19. Mercy Killings in Combat: Ending the Suffering of Gravely Wounded Combatants -- A Brief History, Applicable Law, Recent Prosecutions, and Proposals for Much Needed Change (United States)


    the patient’s condition is thought to be an ’indignity.’ JOHN KEOWN , EUTHANASIA, ETHICS AND PUBLIC POLICY: AN ARGUMENT AGAINST LEGALISATION 10 (2002...Results (demonstrating the divergent opinions about the morality combat-related mercy killings). 514 See supra Part IV.A. 515 Captain Stan Martin ...would have been "much more likely to contest the case" on the grounds that he acted out of mercy. Telephone Interview with Captain Stan Martin , defense

  20. The Linux command line a complete introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Shotts, William E


    You've experienced the shiny, point-and-click surface of your Linux computer—now dive below and explore its depths with the power of the command line. The Linux Command Line takes you from your very first terminal keystrokes to writing full programs in Bash, the most popular Linux shell. Along the way you'll learn the timeless skills handed down by generations of gray-bearded, mouse-shunning gurus: file navigation, environment configuration, command chaining, pattern matching with regular expressions, and more.

  1. Linux Command Line and Shell Scripting Bible

    CERN Document Server

    Blum, Richard


    The authoritative guide to Linux command line and shell scripting?completely updated and revised [it's not a guide to Linux as a whole ? just to scripting] The Linux command line allows you to type specific Linux commands directly to the system so that you can easily manipulate files and query system resources, thereby permitting you to automate commonly used functions and even schedule those programs to run automatically. This new edition is packed with new and revised content, reflecting the many changes to new Linux versions, including coverage of alternative shells to the default bash shel

  2. Traumatic andropause after combat injury. (United States)

    Jones, Gareth Huw; Kirkman-Brown, Jackson; Sharma, Davendra Murray; Bowley, Douglas


    In association with lower extremity amputation, complex genitourinary injuries have emerged as a specific challenge in modern military trauma surgery. Testicular injury or loss has profound implications for the recovering serviceman, in terms of hormone production and future fertility. The initial focus of treatment for patients with traumatic testicular loss is haemostasis, resuscitation and management of concurrent life-threatening injuries. Multiple reoperations are commonly required to control infection in combat wounds; in a review of 300 major lower extremity amputations, 53% of limbs required revisional surgery, with infection the commonest indication. Atypical infections, such as invasive fungal organisms, can also complicate military wounding. We report the case of a severely wounded serviceman with complete traumatic andropause, whose symptomatic temperature swings were initially mistaken for signs of occult sepsis.

  3. Blended Training for Combat Medics (United States)

    Fowlkes, Jennifer; Dickinson, Sandra; Lazarus, Todd


    Bleeding from extremity wounds is the number one cause of preventable death on the battlefield and current research stresses the importance of training in preparing every Soldier to use tourniquets. HapMed is designed to provide tourniquet application training to combat medics and Soldiers using a blended training solution encompassing information, demonstration, practice, and feedback. The system combines an instrumented manikin arm, PDA, and computer. The manikin arm provides several training options including stand-alone, hands-on skills training in which soldiers can experience the actual torque required to staunch bleeding from an extremity wound and be timed on tourniquet application. This is more realistic than using a block of wood to act as a limb, which is often how training is conducted today. Combining the manikin arm with the PDA allows instructors to provide scenario based training. In a classroom or field setting, an instructor can specify wound variables such as location, casualty size, and whether the wound is a tough bleed. The PDA also allows more detailed feedback to be provided. Finally, combining the manikin arm with game-based technologies, the third component, provides opportunities to build knowledge and to practice battlefield decision making. Not only do soldiers learn how to apply a tourniquet, but when to apply a tourniquet in combat. The purpose of the paper is to describe the learning science underlying the design of HapMed, illustrate the training system and ways it is being expanded to encompass other critical life-saving tasks, and report on feedback received from instructors and trainees at military training and simulation centers.

  4. Office of Command Security Total Quality Management Plan (United States)


    outlines the Office of Command Security instruction for TQM implementation. Keywords: TQM ( Total Quality Management ), DLA Office of Command Security, Continuous process improvement, Automatic data processing security.

  5. AMO EXPRESS: A Command and Control Experiment for Crew Autonomy (United States)

    Stetson, Howard K.; Frank, Jeremy; Cornelius, Randy; Haddock, Angie; Wang, Lui; Garner, Larry


    NASA is investigating a range of future human spaceflight missions, including both Mars-distance and Near Earth Object (NEO) targets. Of significant importance for these missions is the balance between crew autonomy and vehicle automation. As distance from Earth results in increasing communication delays, future crews need both the capability and authority to independently make decisions. However, small crews cannot take on all functions performed by ground today, and so vehicles must be more automated to reduce the crew workload for such missions. NASA's Advanced Exploration Systems Program funded Autonomous Mission Operations (AMO) project conducted an autonomous command and control demonstration of intelligent procedures to automatically initialize a rack onboard the International Space Station (ISS) with power and thermal interfaces, and involving core and payload command and telemetry processing, without support from ground controllers. This autonomous operations capability is enabling in scenarios such as a crew medical emergency, and representative of other spacecraft autonomy challenges. The experiment was conducted using the Expedite the Processing of Experiments for Space Station (EXPRESS) rack 7, which was located in the Port 2 location within the U.S Laboratory onboard the International Space Station (ISS). Activation and deactivation of this facility is time consuming and operationally intensive, requiring coordination of three flight control positions, 47 nominal steps, 57 commands, 276 telemetry checks, and coordination of multiple ISS systems (both core and payload). The autonomous operations concept includes a reduction of the amount of data a crew operator is required to verify during activation or de-activation, as well as integration of procedure execution status and relevant data in a single integrated display. During execution, the auto-procedures provide a step-by-step messaging paradigm and a high level status upon termination. This

  6. Suggestion for aircraft flying qualities requirements of a short-range air combat mission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lixin WANG


    Full Text Available Owing to the lack of a direct link with the operations in short-range air combat, conventional aircraft flying qualities criteria are inappropriate to guide the design of a task-tailored flight control law. By applying the mission-oriented flying qualities evaluation approach, various aircraft with different control law parameters are evaluated on a ground-based simulator. This paper compares the evaluation results with several conventional flying qualities criteria, and discusses the appropriate parameter combination to reflect the flying qualities requirements of short-range air combat. The comparison and analysis show that a short-range air combat mission requires a higher minimum short period mode natural frequency and a smaller maximum roll mode time constant, and allows a lower minimum pitch attitude bandwidth and a higher maximum short period mode damp ratio than those of conventional flying qualities criteria. Furthermore, a combination of the pitch attitude bandwidth, the pitch attitude magnitude at the bandwidth frequency, and the pitch attitude transfer function gain can define the flying qualities requirements of short-range air combat. The new metric can successfully predict the flying quality levels of aircraft in a short-range air combat mission.

  7. Why Does Military Combat Experience Adversely Affect Marital Relations? (United States)

    Gimbel, Cynthia; Booth, Alan


    Describes investigation of ways in which combat decreases marital quality and stability. Results support three models: (1) factors propelling men into combat also make them poor marriage material; (2) combat causes problems that increase marital adversity; and (3) combat intensifies premilitary stress and antisocial behavior which then negatively…

  8. Introduction to the Bash Command Line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Milligan


    Full Text Available This lesson uses a Unix shell, which is a command-line interpreter that provides a user interface for the Unix operating system and for Unix-like systems. This lesson will cover a small number of basic commands. By the end of this tutorial you will be able to navigate through your file system and find files, open them, perform basic data manipulation tasks such as combining and copying files, as well as both reading them and making relatively simple edits. These commands constitute the building blocks upon which more complex commands can be constructed to fit your research data or project. Readers wanting a reference guide that goes beyond this lesson are recommended to read Deborah S. Ray and Eric J. Ray, Unix and Linux: Visual Quickstart Guide, 4th edition (2009.

  9. Command Philosophy: The Secret of Organizational Leadership (United States)


    contemporary leadership issues. It confronts compx social problems, such as sexual harassment, drug and alcohol abuse, and racial disharmony. Specifically...already. Figure Fourteen provides an abbreviated analysis of the survey (see appendix A for the questionaire ). FIGURE 14 DIMENSIONS: COMMAND PHILOSOPHY...written command philosophies have better units in terms of organizational health . So why the hesitation? Certainly, it is personal: even the AWC 1989

  10. Air Force Materiel Command Reorganization Analysis (United States)


    Babbitt served as commander thereafter. One of General Babbitt’s notable initiatives at AFMC emphasized learning not simply how well a given mission...inventories for developing responsive supply capabilities. Gen- eral Babbitt was one of the major proponents of ACS and was convinced that improve...rationalize the business relationships that we had across our centers.”38 Finally, during another interview, AFMC Commander General Babbitt stated that he

  11. Urban Combat Advanced Training Technology (Technologie avancee d’entrainement au combat urbain) (United States)


    plants and pollution ; • Signs for borders and limits; and • Fines and consequences. Handling of Equipment Describe the takeover-handling-handover...REPORT TR-MSG-063 Urban Combat Advanced Training Technology (Technologie avancée d’entraînement au combat urbain) Final Report of Task Group 063...TECHNOLOGY ORGANIZATION AC/323(MSG-063)TP/591 STO TECHNICAL REPORT TR-MSG-063 Urban Combat Advanced Training Technology

  12. Command and Control in Disaster Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Surjeet Chaudhury


    Full Text Available Like war, the disasters are also much unstructured in scope. The national disaster system may employ detailed Command and Control (C2 which is poorly equipped to deal with uncertainty, complexity and variability. The first response to uncertainty is to try to minimize it by creating a powerful, highly efficient command and control apparatus (Command Structure able to process huge amounts of information and intended to reduce nearly all unknowns. Detailed command and control emphasizes vertical, linear information flow: in general, information flows up the chain of command and orders flow down. Discipline and coordination are imposed from above. The proposed C2 model accepts the turbulence and uncertainty of disaster. Rather than increase the level of certainty that C2 seeks, this approach of command and control reduces the degree of uncertainty that we need. This C2 for disaster management decentralizes decision-making authority and grants subordinates significant freedom of action which increases tempo and improves the ability to deal with fluid and disorderly situations.

  13. CDC Updates Spending Plans to Combat Zika (United States)

    ... 161541.html CDC Updates Spending Plans to Combat Zika Some goals: prepare states for future outbreaks, and ... dollars to prepare states and cities for future Zika virus outbreaks, and to track the effects of ...

  14. New Parkinson's Drug May Combat Movement Difficulties (United States)

    ... New Parkinson's Drug May Combat Movement Difficulties Opicapone, added to ... HealthDay News) -- New research suggests that people with Parkinson's disease may achieve better and more reliable motor ...

  15. Combat climat change with competetive photovoltaics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ribeyron, P.J.; Sark, W.G.J.H.M. van; Zietek, G.


    Photovoltaics (PV) offer a promising solution for CO2 emission reductions and climate change combat. However, before its wide spread on the market, PV needs to find new approaches to make solar cells competitive with respect to conventional electricity sources.

  16. Combat sports for persons with disabilities

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kasum Goran; Gligorov Strašo; Nastasić-Stošković Tanja


    .... The benefits of combat sports practicing are numerous, and at some international hospitals, martial sports and arts already have an important role in the treatment of traumatized and disabled persons...

  17. The Combat-Wireless Health Monitoring System (United States)


    not monitor concussions sustained by casualties. This article proposes the develop- ment of a new C-WHMS as an alterna- tive to the WPSM. The C-WHMS...monitoring system embedded within the Advanced Combat Helmet (ACH), which measures concussions sustained during the execution of combat operations. The...component of the C-WHMS, as embedded in the ACH. Concussions sus- tained by soldiers are a major concern of military leadership. The goal is to quickly

  18. Combat sports for persons with disabilities


    Kasum Goran; Gligorov Strašo; Nastasić-Stošković Tanja


    In literature, the term adapted sport indicates sports activities, modified and adapted to persons with disabilities. In spite of their highly prominent values, combat sports are underrepresented among persons with disabilities in Serbia. The benefits of combat sports practicing are numerous, and at some international hospitals, martial sports and arts already have an important role in the treatment of traumatized and disabled persons. Currently, the programme of Paralympic Games includes onl...

  19. Born to fight? Genetics and combat sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emerson Franchini


    Full Text Available Recently, the influence of genetics on sports performance has received increased attention from many researchers. In combat sports, some investigations have also been conducted. This article’s main objective was to review the representation of specific gene polymorphisms in combat sports athletes compared to controls. The following databases were searched: PubMed, Web of Science and SportDiscus. The terms used in this search involved combat sports (boxing, karate, judo, mixed martial arts, taekwondo and wrestling, genes, genetics and candidate genes. Articles published until November 2013 were included if combat sports athletes were considered as a single group (i.e., not mixed with athletes of other sports. Seven studies were found, with two presenting no difference between combat sports athletes and controls, two presenting higher frequencies of candidate genes related to a more endurance-related profile compared to controls, and three where a more power-related gene overrepresentation was found in comparison to controls. Taken together, the initial studies about the genetic characteristics of combat sports athletes are controversial, which is probably due to the mixed (aerobic and anaerobic characteristic and to the multifactorial performance determinants of these sports.

  20. Command decoder unit. [performance tests of data processing terminals and data converters for space shuttle orbiters (United States)


    The design and testing of laboratory hardware (a command decoder unit) used in evaluating space shuttle instrumentation, data processing, and ground check-out operations is described. The hardware was a modification of another similar instrumentation system. A data bus coupler was designed and tested to interface the equipment to a central bus controller (computer). A serial digital data transfer mechanism was also designed. Redundant power supplies and overhead modules were provided to minimize the probability of a single component failure causing a catastrophic failure. The command decoder unit is packaged in a modular configuration to allow maximum user flexibility in configuring a system. Test procedures and special test equipment for use in testing the hardware are described. Results indicate that the unit will allow NASA to evaluate future software systems for use in space shuttles. The units were delivered to NASA and appear to be adequately performing their intended function. Engineering sketches and photographs of the command decoder unit are included.

  1. 32 CFR 700.1058 - Command of a submarine. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Command of a submarine. 700.1058 Section 700... Command Detail to Duty § 700.1058 Command of a submarine. The officer detailed to command a submarine... submarines....

  2. Strategies for combating dental anxiety. (United States)

    Bare, Lyndsay C; Dundes, Lauren


    Dental anxiety and subsequent avoidance of dental care and deterioration of oral health pose a significant problem for the dental profession. In an attempt to elucidate preferences of anxious dental patients, we gathered survey data from 121 persons at a small, private liberal arts college in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Half of the respondents experienced dental anxiety, and most of these (66 percent) attributed anxiety to fear of anticipated pain. The majority of anxious patients preferred a dentist to be friendly (93 percent), talkative (82 percent), and to have an office with adorned walls (89 percent) and a slightly cool temperature (63 percent). Patients who identified themselves as anxious also indicated that music in the background (89 percent) and magazines and books in the dental office (75 percent) were helpful. Anxious patients were more likely than non-anxious patients to prefer a male dentist (77 percent versus 52 percent). This finding was especially marked among anxious male respondents, 93 percent of whom preferred a male dentist compared to 73 percent of anxious female respondents. These survey data may assist dental professionals in understanding and combating patients' dental anxiety, in order to increase the frequency of dental visits and to prompt a corresponding restoration or maintenance of oral health.

  3. Communication in command and control teams

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schraagen, J.M.C.; Rasker, P.C.


    An important factor affecting team performance in Combat Information Centers is communication. Previous research has shown that high-performing teams use effective communication patterns, such as limiting idle chatter during high workload conditions, and sharing information before it is needed.

  4. NATO Air Command-Afghanistan: The Continuing Evolution of Airpower Command and Control (United States)


    under the same AETF roof have been overwhelmingly positive. By having the EASOG commander in- volved in the weekly 9 AETF-A commander’s battle...single, perfect solution for CZ in a complex, constantly changing coalition environment-change itself is the only constant. Knowing this, we can

  5. Proceedings of Users’ Workshop on Combat Stress (6th) Held in San Antonio, Texas, on 30 November-4 December 1987 (United States)


    100 1. Perceived unit’ morale during combat as low 72% 0% 2. Experienced loneliness 76% 29% 3. Felt no trust toward immediate command 42% 5% military: Changing patterns of organization. New York: Russel 1 Sage Foundation. Marlowe, D.H. (1979). Cohesion, anticiated breakdown, and...Research. Marshal l, S.L.A. (1947). Men against fire. New York: Will iam Morrow. Moskos, C.C., Jr. (1970). The American enlisted man. New York: Russell

  6. Tradeoff Analysis for Combat Service Support Wireless Communications Alternatives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burnette, John R.; Thibodeau, Christopher C.; Greitzer, Frank L.


    As the Army moves toward more mobile and agile forces and continued sustainment of numerous high-cost legacy logistics management systems, the requirement for wireless connectivity and a wireless network to supporting organizations has become ever more critical. There are currently several Army communications initiatives underway to resolve this wireless connectivity issue. However, to fully appreciate and understand the value of these initiatives, a Tradeoff Analysis is needed. The present study seeks to identify and assess solutions. The analysis identified issues that impede Interim Brigade Combat Team (IBCT) communication system integration and outlined core requirements for sharing of logistics data between the field and Army battle command systems. Then, the analysis examined wireless communication alternatives as possible solutions for IBCT logistics communications problems. The current baseline system was compared with possible alternatives involving tactical radio systems, wireless/near term digital radio, cellular satellite, and third-generation (3G) wireless technologies. Cellular satellite and 3G wireless technologies offer clear advantages and should be considered for later IBCTs.

  7. An analysis of Common Missile and TOW 2B using the Janus combat simulation



    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. The US Army is currently developing a new close combat missile system, Common Missile, to replace the aging Tubelaunched, Optically-tracked, Wire-guided (TOW 2B) and HELLFIRE missile systems. The Common Missile will have a greater range and improved target acquisition capability over the current missile systems. The purpose of this thesis is to compare the performance of the Common Missile and the TOW 2B missile in a simulated ground ...

  8. Suggestion for aircraft flying qualities requirements of a short-range air combat mission


    Wang, Lixin; Youguang GUO; Zhang, Qi; Yue, Ting


    Owing to the lack of a direct link with the operations in short-range air combat, conventional aircraft flying qualities criteria are inappropriate to guide the design of a task-tailored flight control law. By applying the mission-oriented flying qualities evaluation approach, various aircraft with different control law parameters are evaluated on a ground-based simulator. This paper compares the evaluation results with several conventional flying qualities criteria, and discusses the appropr...

  9. Grounded theory. (United States)

    Harris, Tina


    Grounded theory is a popular research approach in health care and the social sciences. This article provides a description of grounded theory methodology and its key components, using examples from published studies to demonstrate practical application. It aims to demystify grounded theory for novice nurse researchers, by explaining what it is, when to use it, why they would want to use it and how to use it. It should enable nurse researchers to decide if grounded theory is an appropriate approach for their research, and to determine the quality of any grounded theory research they read.

  10. Atmospheric effects on voice command intelligibility from acoustic hail and warning devices. (United States)

    Bostron, Jason H; Brungart, Timothy A; Barnard, Andrew R; McDevitt, Timothy E


    Voice command sound pressure levels (SPLs) were recorded at distances up to 1500 m. Received SPLs were related to the meteorological condition during sound propagation and compared with the outdoor sound propagation standard ISO 9613-2. Intelligibility of received signals was calculated using ANSI S3.5. Intelligibility results for the present voice command indicate that meteorological condition imposes little to no effect on intelligibility when the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is low (0 dB). In these two cases the signal is firmly unintelligible or intelligible, respectively. However, at moderate SNRs, variations in received SPL can cause a fully intelligible voice command to become unintelligible, depending on the meteorological condition along the sound propagation path. These changes in voice command intelligibility often occur on time scales as short as minutes during upward refracting conditions, typically found above ground during the day or upwind of a sound source. Reliably predicting the intelligibility of a voice command in a moderate SNR environment can be challenging due to the inherent variability imposed by sound propagation through the atmosphere.

  11. Command and Data Handling Branch Internship (United States)

    Billings, Rachel Mae


    Modular Integrated Stackable Layers (MISL) is a computer system designed for simple, fast, and cost effective flexible reconfiguration in space environments such as the ISS and Orion projects for various uses. Existing applications include wireless and wired communications, data acquisition and instrumentation, and camera systems, and potential applications include bus protocol converters and subsystem control. MISL is based on Texas Instruments (TI)' MSP430 16-bit ultra-low-power microcontroller device. The purpose of my project was to integrate the MISL system with a liquid crystal display (LCD) touchscreen. The LCD, manufactured by Crystalfontz and part number CFAF320240F-035T-TS, is a 320 by 240 RGB resistive color screen including an optional carrier board. The vast majority of the project was done with Altium Designer, a tool for printed circuit board (PCB) schematic capture, 3D design, and FPGA (Field Programmable Gate Array) development. The new PCB was to allow the LCD to directly stack to the rest of MISL. Research was done with datasheets for the TI microcontroller and touchscreen display in order to meet desired hardware specifications. Documentation on prior MISL projects was also utilized. The initial step was to create a schematic for the LCD, power bus, and data bus connections between components. A layout was then designed with the required physical dimensions, routed traces and vias, power and ground planes, layer stacks, and other specified design rules such as plane clearance and hole size. Multiple consultation sessions were held with Hester Yim, the technical discipline lead for the Command and Data Handling Branch, and Christy Herring, the lead PCB layout designer in the Electronic Design and Manufacturing Branch in order to ensure proper configuration. At the moment, the PCB is awaiting revision by the latter-mentioned branch. Afterwards, the board will begin to undergo the manufacturing and testing process. Throughout the internship at

  12. Robot Task Commander with Extensible Programming Environment (United States)

    Hart, Stephen W (Inventor); Yamokoski, John D. (Inventor); Wightman, Brian J (Inventor); Dinh, Duy Paul (Inventor); Gooding, Dustin R (Inventor)


    A system for developing distributed robot application-level software includes a robot having an associated control module which controls motion of the robot in response to a commanded task, and a robot task commander (RTC) in networked communication with the control module over a network transport layer (NTL). The RTC includes a script engine(s) and a GUI, with a processor and a centralized library of library blocks constructed from an interpretive computer programming code and having input and output connections. The GUI provides access to a Visual Programming Language (VPL) environment and a text editor. In executing a method, the VPL is opened, a task for the robot is built from the code library blocks, and data is assigned to input and output connections identifying input and output data for each block. A task sequence(s) is sent to the control module(s) over the NTL to command execution of the task.

  13. Social Networking for Botnet Command and Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashutosh Singh


    Full Text Available A botnet is a group of compromised computers—often a large group—under the command and control of a malicious botmaster. Botnets can be used for a wide variety of malicious attacks, including spamming, distributed denial of service, and identity theft. Botnets are generally recognized as a serious threat on the Internet. This paper discusses SocialNetworkingBot, a botnet we have developed that uses Twitter for command and control. In SocialNetworkingBot, the botmaster tweets commands that are acted on by the individual bots. We discuss the functionality and implementation of SocialNetworkingBot, as well as a small-scale experiment that we have conducted. The botnet presented here is intended to serve as a proof of concept and a platform to facilitate further research.

  14. Aircraft Combat Survivability Estimation and Synthetic Tradeoff Methods

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Shu-lin; LI Shou-an; LI Wei-ji; LI Dong-xia; FENG Feng


    A new concept is proposed that susceptibility, vulnerability, reliability, maintainability and supportability should be essential factors of aircraft combat survivability. A weight coefficient method and a synthetic method are proposed to estimate aircraft combat survivability based on the essential factors. Considering that it takes cost to enhance aircraft combat survivability, a synthetic tradeoff model between aircraft combat survivability and life cycle cost is built. The aircraft combat survivability estimation methods and synthetic tradeoff with a life cycle cost model will be helpful for aircraft combat survivability design and enhancement.

  15. XML Flight/Ground Data Dictionary Management (United States)

    Wright, Jesse; Wiklow, Colette


    A computer program generates Extensible Markup Language (XML) files that effect coupling between the command- and telemetry-handling software running aboard a spacecraft and the corresponding software running in ground support systems. The XML files are produced by use of information from the flight software and from flight-system engineering. The XML files are converted to legacy ground-system data formats for command and telemetry, transformed into Web-based and printed documentation, and used in developing new ground-system data-handling software. Previously, the information about telemetry and command was scattered in various paper documents that were not synchronized. The process of searching and reading the documents was time-consuming and introduced errors. In contrast, the XML files contain all of the information in one place. XML structures can evolve in such a manner as to enable the addition, to the XML files, of the metadata necessary to track the changes and the associated documentation. The use of this software has reduced the extent of manual operations in developing a ground data system, thereby saving considerable time and removing errors that previously arose in the translation and transcription of software information from the flight to the ground system.

  16. Linux command line and shell scripting bible

    CERN Document Server

    Blum, Richard


    Talk directly to your system for a faster workflow with automation capability Linux Command Line and Shell Scripting Bible is your essential Linux guide. With detailed instruction and abundant examples, this book teaches you how to bypass the graphical interface and communicate directly with your computer, saving time and expanding capability. This third edition incorporates thirty pages of new functional examples that are fully updated to align with the latest Linux features. Beginning with command line fundamentals, the book moves into shell scripting and shows you the practical application

  17. Natural language interface for command and control (United States)

    Shuler, Robert L., Jr.


    A working prototype of a flexible 'natural language' interface for command and control situations is presented. This prototype is analyzed from two standpoints. First is the role of natural language for command and control, its realistic requirements, and how well the role can be filled with current practical technology. Second, technical concepts for implementation are discussed and illustrated by their application in the prototype system. It is also shown how adaptive or 'learning' features can greatly ease the task of encoding language knowledge in the language processor.

  18. Communication for command and control systems

    CERN Document Server

    Morris, D J


    Communication for Command and Control Systems provides a thorough exposition of the basic theoretical and practical features involved in the design of communication networks for command and control systems. This book focuses primarily on the practical side of computer-controlled communication. This text concentrates on the communication sides of the subject by surveying the means of transferring data between the various processing points and by appraising their potential advantages and possible defects in implementation. In this respect, this book should prove useful for the practicing enginee

  19. Prehospital Cricothyrotomy Kits Used in Combat. (United States)

    Schauer, Steven G; April, Michael D; Cunningham, Cord W; Long, Adrianna N; Carter, Robert


    Surgical cricothyrotomy remains the only definitive airway management modality for the tactical setting recommended by Tactical Combat Casualty Care guidelines. Some units have fielded commercial cricothyrotomy kits to assist Combat Medics with surgical cricothyrotomy. To our knowledge, no previous publications report data on the use of these kits in combat settings. This series reports the the use of two kits in four patients in the prehospital combat setting. Using the Department of Defense Trauma Registry and the Prehospital Trauma Registry, we identified four cases of patients who underwent prehospital cricothyrotomy with the use of commercial kits. In the first two cases, a Medic successfully used a North American Rescue CricKit (NARCK) to obtain a surgical airway in a Servicemember with multiple amputations from an improvised explosive device explosion. In case 3, the Medic unsuccessfully used an H&H Medical kit to attempt placement of a surgical airway in a Servicemember shot in the head by small arms fire. A second attempt to place a surgical airway using a NARCK was successful. In case 4, a Soldier sustained a gunshot wound to the chest. A Medic described fluid in the airway precluding bag-valve-mask ventilation; the Medic attempted to place a surgical airway with the H&H kit without success. Four cases of prehospital surgical airway cannulation on the battlefield demonstrated three successful uses of prehospital cricothyrotomy kits. Further research should focus on determining which kits may be most useful in the combat setting. 2017.

  20. Historical approaches to post-combat disorders. (United States)

    Jones, Edgar


    Almost every major war in the last century involving western nations has seen combatants diagnosed with a form of post-combat disorder. Some took a psychological form (exhaustion, combat fatigue, combat stress reaction and post-traumatic stress disorder), while others were characterized by medically unexplained symptoms (soldier's heart, effort syndrome, shell shock, non-ulcer dyspepsia, effects of Agent Orange and Gulf War Syndrome). Although many of these disorders have common symptoms, the explanations attached to them showed considerable diversity often reflected in the labels themselves. These causal hypotheses ranged from the effects of climate, compressive forces released by shell explosions, side effects of vaccinations, changes in diet, toxic effects of organophosphates, oil-well fires or depleted-uranium munitions. Military history suggests that these disorders, which coexisted in the civilian population, reflected popular health fears and emerged in the gaps left by the advance of medical science. While the current Iraq conflict has yet to produce a syndrome typified by medically unexplained symptoms, it is unlikely that we have seen the last of post-combat disorders as past experience suggests that they have the capacity to catch both military planners and doctors by surprise.

  1. Combat Helmets and Blast Traumatic Brain Injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duncan Wallace


    Full Text Available Background: The conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan and the prominence of traumatic brain injury (TBI, mostly from improvised explosive devices, have focused attention on the effectiveness of combat helmets. Purpose: This paper examines the importance of TBI, the role and history of the development of combat helmets, current helmet designs and effectiveness, helmet design methodology, helmet sensors, future research and recommendations. Method: A literature review was conducted using search terms – combat helmets, traumatic brain injury, concussion, Iraq, Afghanistan and helmet sensors, searching PubMed, MEDLINE, ProQuest and Google Scholar. Conclusions: At present, no existing helmet is able to fully protect against all threats faced on the battlefield. The prominence of traumatic brain injury from improvised explosive devices in the current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan has highlighted the limitations in knowledge about blast and how to provide protection from it. As a result, considerable research is currently occurring in how to protect the head from blast over-pressure. Helmet sensors may provide valuable data. Some new combat helmets may be able to protect against rifle rounds, but may result in injuries occurring behind body armour. Optimal combat helmet design requires a balance between the need for protection from trauma and the comfort and practicality of the helmet for the user to ensure the best outcomes.

  2. Program Executive Office Command, Control and Communications-Tactical Program Review & Vision Guide (United States)


    enhanced version, Joint Capabilities Release ( JCR ) to operational units in January. In response to requirements for faster position command and control, how your plan unfolds and how you execute.” The next iteration of FBCB2, known as Joint Capabilities Release ( JCR ), began...information through Tactical Ground Reporting (TIGR), so users can better plan maneuvers while on-the-move. The JCR upgrades are part of Capability

  3. Grounded cognition. (United States)

    Barsalou, Lawrence W


    Grounded cognition rejects traditional views that cognition is computation on amodal symbols in a modular system, independent of the brain's modal systems for perception, action, and introspection. Instead, grounded cognition proposes that modal simulations, bodily states, and situated action underlie cognition. Accumulating behavioral and neural evidence supporting this view is reviewed from research on perception, memory, knowledge, language, thought, social cognition, and development. Theories of grounded cognition are also reviewed, as are origins of the area and common misperceptions of it. Theoretical, empirical, and methodological issues are raised whose future treatment is likely to affect the growth and impact of grounded cognition.

  4. Anterior Segment Imaging in Combat Ocular Trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise S. Ryan


    Full Text Available Purpose. To evaluate the use of ocular imaging to enhance management and diagnosis of war-related anterior segment ocular injuries. Methods. This study was a prospective observational case series from an ongoing IRB-approved combat ocular trauma tracking study. Subjects with anterior segment ocular injury were imaged, when possible, using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT, confocal microscopy (CM, and slit lamp biomicroscopy. Results. Images captured from participants with combat ocular trauma on different systems provided comprehensive and alternate views of anterior segment injury to investigators. Conclusion. In combat-related trauma of the anterior segment, adjunct image acquisition enhances slit lamp examination and enables real time In vivo observation of the cornea facilitating injury characterization, progression, and management.

  5. Smart command recognizer (SCR) - For development, test, and implementation of speech commands (United States)

    Simpson, Carol A.; Bunnell, John W.; Krones, Robert R.


    The SCR, a rapid prototyping system for the development, testing, and implementation of speech commands in a flight simulator or test aircraft, is described. A single unit performs all functions needed during these three phases of system development, while the use of common software and speech command data structure files greatly reduces the preparation time for successive development phases. As a smart peripheral to a simulation or flight host computer, the SCR interprets the pilot's spoken input and passes command codes to the simulation or flight computer.

  6. An extendible User-Command Framework based on tagging system

    CERN Document Server

    Kale, Ajinkya; Jadhav, Nitin


    Memorizing the user commands has been a problem since long. In this study we try to propose solutions to overcome two problems - the problem of selecting appropriate commands names during application development and the problem of memorizing these command names. The proposed solution includes a framework in which the applications can plug into, to get their application commands and corresponding tags in to the new command execution application.We also propose a mechanism where user can generate her own set of tags for a command and share those with peers.

  7. New development thoughts on the bio-inspired intelligence based control for unmanned combat aerial vehicle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Bio-inspired intelligence is in the spotlight in the field of international artificial intelligence,and unmanned combat aerial vehicle(UCAV),owing to its potential to perform dangerous,repetitive tasks in remote and hazardous,is very promising for the technological leadership of the nation and essential for improving the security of society.On the basis of introduction of bioinspired intelligence and UCAV,a series of new development thoughts on UCAV control are proposed,including artificial brain based high-level autonomous control for UCAV,swarm intelligence based cooperative control for multiple UCAVs,hy-brid swarm intelligence and Bayesian network based situation assessment under complicated combating environments, bio-inspired hardware based high-level autonomous control for UCAV,and meta-heuristic intelligence based heterogeneous cooperative control for multiple UCAVs and unmanned combat ground vehicles(UCGVs).The exact realization of the proposed new development thoughts can enhance the effectiveness of combat,while provide a series of novel breakthroughs for the intelligence,integration and advancement of future UCAV systems.

  8. Ten Commandments for Academic Talent Development (United States)

    Gagne, Francoys


    This article describes a set of 10 positively stated commandments designed to guide professionals responsible for the academic talent development of K-12 students. The first four target identification procedures, the "who" of talent development; they ensue directly from the conceptual framework of my Differentiated Model of Giftedness and Talent.…


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available In this wireless communication era, mobile phones have become a necessity in the common man’s life. Besides being capable of making calls and sending messages, the latest advancements in mobile phones facilitate them to connect to the internet also. With these capabilities, there has been an unprecedented use of mobile phones in many areas of automation. One such area where mobile phone can help with the automation is irrigation process. The main aim of the work is to simplify the method of irrigation using vocal commands through the mobile phone. The Farmer just needs to call a fixed number and utter the control commands through his phone. The control system at the field involves a PIC microcontroller interfaced with GSM modem to receive the command from the farmer and a voice recognition unit which decodes it. The motor is turned on/off according to the decoded commands by the controller. In addition, the system also sends back a message to the farmer’s mobile about the action that has taken place. The power detection and battery backup unit helps in detecting the power availability in the field and inform the farmer about the same, even if the there is no supply at the field. The moisture sensor attached to the system helps in collecting the moisture content of the soil and switch off the motor after it reaches the required value.



    Apollo 11 commander Neil Armstrong is going through flight training in the lunar module simulator situated in the flight crew training building at KSC. Armstrong will pilot the lunar module to a moon landing on July 20, following launch from KSC on July 16.

  11. Command Algebras, Recursion and Program Transformation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, Wim H.


    Dijkstra's language of guarded commands is extended with recursion and transformed into algebra. The semantics is expressed in terms of weakest preconditions and weakest liberal preconditions. Extreme fixed points are used to deal with recursion. Unbounded nondeterminacy is allowed. The algebraic

  12. Joint Command and Control: Integration Not Interoperability (United States)


    ROMO ) from humanitarian assistance to nuclear war. Doctrine is neither rules nor checklists that are meant to remove the human element from military...docview/234083559?accountid=12686 (accessed November 2012). Hughes, David. “Turning into the Wind Everything from Platforms to Command and

  13. Mission Command: Elasticity, Equilibrium, Culture, and Intent (United States)


    nouveau point d’équilibre C2. Afin d’être en mesure de fonctionner efficacement d’une façon adaptative, les organisations militaires doivent élaborer...Establishing common intent: The key to co-ordinated military action. In Allan English (ed.), Leadership and Command and the Operational Art : Canadian

  14. Command and control in the Afghan desert

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tim Grant; Robert Beeres; christiaan Davids


    Managers gather information about the organisation and its environment to ensure that an organisation remains viable. The management of military units during deployment is known as command and control (C2). The C2 literature has focussed on applying technology to gain advantage over potential

  15. Command Information Requirements on the Airland Battlefield (United States)


    Synchronize of deep attack assets. - Develop a valid deception plan. - Detei-,’ne the availabilty of deep attack assets. - Have detailsd knowledge of...controlled by the commander because of their scarcity, value or planned usage in an upcoming maneuver. Communication Centers. Location of communication centers

  16. Simulating Mission Command for Planning and Analysis (United States)


    parameters do not change. A good example of parameters is the number of servers in a queuing system. 4. Next Event Algorithm In DES systems, next...I Finish 98 THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 99 LIST OF REFERENCES Ben-Shalom, U., & Shamir, E. (2011). Mission command between theory and


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela P. POPA


    - A faulty legislation that allows them to circumvent the failure to pay taxes. Measures to combat tax evasion must act in the areas of legislative, administrative and educational. The legislative drafting tax legislation seeks appropriate, clear, concise, stable and consistent. It is also necessary to eliminate or withdrawal of exemptions, reductions and deductions that give rise to multiple interpretations. In terms of administrative measures aimed at creating a comprehensive and operational information system, ensuring adequate administrative structures and instruments effectively combating tax evasion and training specialists with morality and professionalism required of shapes and sizes evasion.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuniarti Yuniarti


    Full Text Available Following the terrorist attacks in the USA on September 11th, 2001, it was discovered that money laundering was a significant source of finance for terrorists. Although, the amount of money that involve is not as involve as in drug and gun trafficking, terrorist financing had been the most important substance to be monitor. Further, various legal measures have been taken internationally in order to combat terrorist financing. This research analyses the legal measures that have been taken internationally and at EU level to combat terrorist financing. Key words: Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing, International Legal measures, EU.

  19. Regulation of psychic functions in combat sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klymenko A.I.


    Full Text Available The problems of adjusting of psychical functions are considered in sport. The methods of self-regulation are rotined in sport. The groups of emotional reactions of combat sportsmen are certain. It is set that sporting psychologists and trainers are mainly addressed to training of psychical functions. Also - the system of psychical self-regulation must be complex. It contains affecting physiological reactions and on psychical processes. Five groups of emotional reactions of combat sportsmen are marked. They are directed on development of ability without superfluous emotions to overcome extreme situations in the process of competition activity.

  20. Switzerland and efforts to combat the financing of terrorism


    de Watteville, Jacques


    Combating international terrorism has long been one of Switzerland's main concerns. Furthermore Switzerland has worked closely with other nations in combating terrorism and will continue to do so in future, both in the context of international treaties and on the basis of the law on mutual assistance in criminal matters. International co-operation to combat the financing of terrorism is taking place at several levels. The instruments for combating money laundering are also important for comba...

  1. Compatibility of sportswomen at a selection in commands on group exercises of calisthenics taking into account their technical and special physical preparedness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozhanova O.S.


    Full Text Available Efficiency of selection is grounded in commands on group exercises of calisthenics taking into account motive compatibility of sportswomen. It is assumed that motive compatibility of gymnasts will be the leading factor of increase of effectiveness of competition activity of command. 40 students took part in research. 56 trainers took part in the questionnaire questioning. It is suggested to carry out completing of commands on the basis of complex estimation of similarity of level of technical and physical preparedness of sportswomen. It is set that from 40 highly skilled gymnasts 68 % had a level of physical and technical preparedness above average. In preferable composition of command 13 sportswomen entered with the greatest indexes on the criterion of motive compatibility. It is set that motive compatibility is a meaningful criterion at a selection in commands on group exercises of calisthenics.

  2. The Unspoken Consequence of Command, Control Communications Technology: Enhanced Micromanagement by Risk-Averse Commanders (United States)


    commanders the opportunity to experiment with the application and misapplication of C3 in a relatively low-risk environment. Failure to maximize the...39 Yaacov Y. Vertzberger, Risk Taking and Decisionmaking; Foreign Miliary Intervention Decisions (Stanford: Standford University

  3. Ground water arsenic contamination: A local survey in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arun Kumar


    Conclusions: The present study concludes that in Simri village there is high contamination of arsenic in ground water in all the strips. Such a huge population is at very high risk leading the village on the verge of causing health hazards among them. Therefore, an immediate strategy is required to combat the present problem.

  4. Joint Force Cyberspace Component Command: Establishing Cyberspace Operations Unity of Effort for the Joint Force Commander (United States)


    to protect DoD networks and systems. Recognizing the user as the first line of defense, the DoD plans to improve internal “cyber hygiene ” practices...sequels requires a full understanding of an adversary’s cyberspace posture and capabilities. This includes not only the network infrastructure, but...2012.235 In his 2014 Posture Statement to the House Armed Services Committee Statement, Commander, United States Pacific Command, Admiral Samuel J

  5. The Battle Command Sustainment Support System: The Army’s Command and Control System for Logistics (United States)

    2009-05-21 CISOBOX=1&REC=6 (accessed 15 Jan 09). 91 Donald Wright and Timothy Reese , On... Carol A. Wortman, ―Inefficient Battle Command Results from Unique Commanders Solutions,‖ (Carlisle Barracks, PA: Strategy Research Project), http...Dissertations. 7 th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007 Wright, Donald P. and Timothy R. Reese . On point II: Transition to the new

  6. Incorrect Responses to Locative Commands: A Case Study. (United States)

    Duchan, Judith; Siegel, Leo


    A six-year-old with a language problem responded consistently to 100 locative commands by putting objects in containers and on flat surfaces regardless of the preposition or order of the nouns in the commands. (Author/CL)

  7. Evaluation of DoD Contracts Regarding Combating Trafficking in Persons: U.S. European Command and U.S. Africa Command (United States)


    address its concern regarding allegations of contractor and U.S. Forces’ involvement in sexual slavery, human trafficking , and debt bondage . Prior to...2000, allegations of sexual slavery, sex with minors, and human trafficking involving U.S. contractors in Bosnia and Herzegovina led to administrative...resulted in an investigation and changes in DoD policy. In 2004, official reports chronicled allegations of forced labor and debt bondage against U.S

  8. Young People Should Have Combatant Spirit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Nowadays,quite a few people believe that combatant spirit is essential for one'ssuccess in today's competitive world.However,some young people today think nothing of this spirit which,in their opinion,is only needed in revolutionary age.Even

  9. Air Combat Maneuvering Expert System Trainer (United States)


    AL-TP-1 991-0058....... AD-A246 459 AIR COMBAT MANEUVERING EXPERT A SYSTEM TRAINER R M S Robert J. BechtelTI T Markt Technology, incorporated ’T R...would have to be established for each segment of pilot training. The success of the air intercept trainer (AT), which shares some features with ACMEST

  10. Evolution of biomedical research during combat operations. (United States)

    Hatzfeld, Jennifer J; Childs, John D; Dempsey, Michael P; Chapman, Gail D; Dalle Lucca, Jurandir J; Brininger, Teresa; Tamminga, Cindy; Richardson, Roxanne T; Alexander, Stefan; Chung, Kevin K


    The implementation of a human research protection program in Afghanistan and the mobilization of the combat casualty research team have made it possible to design and efficiently conduct multifaceted, multisite, and prospective research studies in a combat environment. Still, to conduct research in such an environment, several unique challenges must be overcome. This article describes the development and conduct of three ongoing trauma-related biomedical research studies in Afghanistan, highlighting the challenges and lessons learned within the context of these studies. Key challenges include the process of developing and getting approval for in-theater research protocols, the informed consent process, and logistics of conducting a biomedical research study in an austere environment. Despite these challenges, important lessons learned that can contribute to the success of a protocol include the need for clear operating procedures, judicious selection for which data points must be collected in-theater, and the importance anticipating the "fog and friction" of war. As we continue the journey toward more sophisticated research capabilities in combat, this article will help inform the design and conduct of future research performed in a theater of war. Conducting biomedical research in a combat zone is an important but difficult element of military medicine.

  11. Women in Combat: Issues for Congress (United States)


    retained and codified by means of the reenactment of Section 8549 of Title 10, U.S. Code which was repealed by P.L. 102-190, Section 531 for the Air...Force, and reenactment of the provisions of 10 U.S.C. Section 6015 prohibiting women from assignment to duty on aircraft engaged in combat missions

  12. Combat modeling with partial differential equations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Protopopescu, V.; Santoro, R.T.; Dockery, J.; Cox, R.L.; Barnes, J.M.


    A new analytic model based on coupled nonlinear partial differential equations is proposed to describe the temporal and spatial evolution of opposing forces in combat. Analytic descriptions of combat have been developed previously using relatively simpler models based on ordinary differential equations (.e.g, Lanchester's equations of combat) that capture only the global temporal variation of the forces, but not their spatial movement (advance, retreat, flanking maneuver, etc.). The rationale for analytic models and, particularly, the motivation for the present model are reviewed. A detailed description of this model in terms of the mathematical equations together with the possible and plausible military interpretation are presented. Numerical solutions of the nonlinear differential equation model for a large variety of parameters (battlefield length, initial force ratios, initial spatial distribution of forces, boundary conditions, type of interaction, etc.) are implemented. The computational methods and computer programs are described and the results are given in tabular and graphic form. Where possible, the results are compared with the predictions given by the traditional Lanchester equations. Finally, a PC program is described that uses data downloaded from the mainframe computer for rapid analysis of the various combat scenarios. 11 refs., 10 figs., 5 tabs.

  13. Modelling combat strategies in fungal mycelia. (United States)

    Boswell, Graeme P


    Fungal mycelia have a well-established role in nutrient cycling and are widely used as agents in biological control and in the remediation of polluted landscapes. Competition and combat between different fungal communities is common in these contexts and its outcome impacts on local biodiversity and the success of such biotechnological applications. In this investigation a mathematical model representing mycelia as a system of partial differential equations is used to simulate combat between two fungal colonies growing into a nutrient-free domain. The resultant equations are integrated numerically and the model simulates well-established outcomes of combat between fungal communities. The outcome of pairwise combat is shown to depend on numerous factors including the suppression of advancing hyphae in rivals, the degradation of a rival's established biomass and the utilization and redistribution of available nutrient resources. It is demonstrated how non-transitive hierarchies in fungal communities can be established through switching mechanisms, mirroring observations reported in experimental studies, and how specialized defensive structures can emerge through changes in the redistribution of internal resources.

  14. Heterotopic Ossification Following Combat-Related Trauma (United States)


    residual limb pain and prosthetic fitting difficulties; ulceration, particularly when the combat- related heterotopic ossification develops beneath an...appropriately including infection, fracture non- union, internal derangement of adjacent joints, symptomatic neuromata, phantom pain , and complex...sometimes there is limitation of the natural function of the limb ... if the callus is stony hard and its removal is urgent, incise the place and cut

  15. Women in Combat: Issues for Congress (United States)


    findings, DOD adopted a “risk rule” in February 1988 that excluded women from noncombat units or missions if the risks of exposure to direct combat... homosexuals ) and that there is little or no evidence that unit effectiveness was reduced as a result of that integration. Outlook for Congress

  16. Combat sports for persons with disabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasum Goran


    Full Text Available In literature, the term adapted sport indicates sports activities, modified and adapted to persons with disabilities. In spite of their highly prominent values, combat sports are underrepresented among persons with disabilities in Serbia. The benefits of combat sports practicing are numerous, and at some international hospitals, martial sports and arts already have an important role in the treatment of traumatized and disabled persons. Currently, the programme of Paralympic Games includes only two sports, these are fencing and judo, in male and female competition. Almost certainly, karate will also be included in the programme of Paralympic Games, and there are similar ambitions in the case of taekwondo as well. In addition to these sports, some martial arts, especially aikido, thai-chi-chuan and qigong, have obtained significant representation and interest among persons with disabilities. The reasons for weaker interest in other martial sports and arts, should be sought in the fact that they are underrepresented among this population, and that these persons are not offered the possibility of organized practice of such sports. Orientation towards a combat sport brings great refreshment and powerful emotional experience to each practitioner, and this fact has special significance to persons with disabilities. In Serbia, combat sports are not widely represented among persons with disabilities, and only the wrestlers with impaired hearing have achieved significant success on the international stage. On the other hand, the popularity of combat sports among persons with disabilities in the world is significantly growing. It is necessary to take concrete steps to make it so in Serbia as well.

  17. 46 CFR 30.10-17 - Commandant-TB/ALL. (United States)


    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Commandant-TB/ALL. 30.10-17 Section 30.10-17 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY TANK VESSELS GENERAL PROVISIONS Definitions § 30.10-17 Commandant—TB/ALL. The term Commandant means the Commandant of the Coast Guard. ...

  18. 14 CFR 417.303 - Command control system requirements. (United States)


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Command control system requirements. 417... control system requirements. (a) General. When initiated by a flight safety official, a command control... receipt of the signal by the onboard vehicle flight termination system. A command control system...

  19. 14 CFR 417.305 - Command control system testing. (United States)


    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Command control system testing. 417.305..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION LICENSING LAUNCH SAFETY Flight Safety System § 417.305 Command control system testing. (a) General. (1) A command control system, including its subsystems and components must...

  20. Ground Wars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Rasmus Kleis

    Political campaigns today are won or lost in the so-called ground war--the strategic deployment of teams of staffers, volunteers, and paid part-timers who work the phones and canvass block by block, house by house, voter by voter. Ground Wars provides an in-depth ethnographic portrait of two...... infrastructures that utilize large databases with detailed individual-level information for targeting voters, and armies of dedicated volunteers and paid part-timers. Nielsen challenges the notion that political communication in America must be tightly scripted, controlled, and conducted by a select coterie...... of professionals. Yet he also quashes the romantic idea that canvassing is a purer form of grassroots politics. In today's political ground wars, Nielsen demonstrates, even the most ordinary-seeming volunteer knocking at your door is backed up by high-tech targeting technologies and party expertise. Ground Wars...

  1. Commande adaptive d'une machine asynchrone


    I. Slama-Belkhodja; De Fornel, B.


    Cat article décrit une stratégie de commande adaptive indirecte à Placement de Pôles (PP), appliquée à la commande en vitesse d'une machine asynchrone alimentée par un ensemble hacheur-filtre-onduleur de tension. L'algorithme des Moindres Carrés Récursifs (MCR) est utilisé pour l'identification des modèles de comportement type entrées/sorties. Un intérêt particulier est porté à la mise en oeuvre de cet algorithme et à la discussion de ses résultats, tenant compte des erreurs de modélisation e...

  2. Metadata Analysis at the Command-Line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Phillips


    Full Text Available Over the past few years the University of North Texas Libraries' Digital Projects Unit (DPU has developed a set of metadata analysis tools, processes, and methodologies aimed at helping to focus limited quality control resources on the areas of the collection where they might have the most benefit. The key to this work lies in its simplicity: records harvested from OAI-PMH-enabled digital repositories are transformed into a format that makes them easily parsable using traditional Unix/Linux-based command-line tools. This article describes the overall methodology, introduces two simple open-source tools developed to help with the aforementioned harvesting and breaking, and provides example commands to demonstrate some common metadata analysis requests. All software tools described in the article are available with an open-source license via the author's GitHub account.

  3. Patches of bare ground as a staple commodity for declining ground-foraging insectivorous farmland birds. (United States)

    Schaub, Michael; Martinez, Nicolas; Tagmann-Ioset, Aline; Weisshaupt, Nadja; Maurer, Melanie L; Reichlin, Thomas S; Abadi, Fitsum; Zbinden, Niklaus; Jenni, Lukas; Arlettaz, Raphaël


    Conceived to combat widescale biodiversity erosion in farmland, agri-environment schemes have largely failed to deliver their promises despite massive financial support. While several common species have shown to react positively to existing measures, rare species have continued to decline in most European countries. Of particular concern is the status of insectivorous farmland birds that forage on the ground. We modelled the foraging habitat preferences of four declining insectivorous bird species (hoopoe, wryneck, woodlark, common redstart) inhabiting fruit tree plantations, orchards and vineyards. All species preferred foraging in habitat mosaics consisting of patches of grass and bare ground, with an optimal, species-specific bare ground coverage of 30-70% at the foraging patch scale. In the study areas, birds thrived in intensively cultivated farmland where such ground vegetation mosaics existed. Not promoted by conventional agri-environment schemes until now, patches of bare ground should be implemented throughout grassland in order to prevent further decline of insectivorous farmland birds.

  4. Preshaping Command Inputs to Reduce System Vibration (United States)


    command shap- i I L, Ie :)proaCh t e0 (Xa tfitie’l is the construction of inpul funcions from either .iri f iiIIns. lhiTs a)proac iIvol,’’, .. l ’-i ,up...Philadelphia, Pennsilvania., pp 316-321 [4] Bolz, Ray E., and Tuve, George L., "CRC Handbook of Tables for Applied Engineering Science", CRC Press, Inc., Boca

  5. Controle commande d'un robot sousmarin


    Durand, D.; Domingo, J; Levallois, E


    This system is composed of a high accuracy hydraulic manipulator arm with 6 degrees of freedom, for high loads (2000 daN), using ultrasound proximetry and contact force measurement data to carry out the subsea connection of bottom oil wells. An expert system controls the connection phases and generates the sequences of commands to be executed by the robot. The safety systems and failure modes are also taken into account. A graphic operator station provides easy control. Each connection phase ...

  6. Command History. 1967. Volume 2. Sanitized (United States)


    Integrated Wideband Communications System (IWCS) (U); Interview, LCDR Frommer , MHB, with MAJ Richards, M.ACJ6, 24 Jan 68: Fact Sheet (C), MACJ62, 5 Jan 68...Ltrs (U), OIC, AIRDEVRON EIGHT, WPD to CO, AIRDEVRON EIGHT, 3 Nov 67 and 18 Apr 68, Subj: Command History (U); Interview, LCDR Frommer , MHB with LCDR...Logistical Historical Activities. (U). 133. Fact Sheet (C), MACJ45, 19 Apr 68, SubjL Deep Draft Berths (U); Interview LCDR Frommer , MHB, with LTC

  7. CSS Teams -- Effective Practice of Mission Command (United States)


    of and adapts to the rapidly changing environment we expect to face in the future.ŗ Regardless of the definition, each provides a useful framework ...Kim Cameron and Robert Quinn developed a framework shown in Figure 1 that helps define and understand culture in military units. Their model is...command effectively, a brief look at research done by Geert Hofstede on power distance reinforces the idea. Flexibility Discretion Control

  8. Command History. 1969. Volume 3. Sanitized (United States)


    proveedings. USG# is determined, to ,-xtont legally possible, to bring to justice perrmns rce- sponsihle for an- wrong-doing, In meantihe matter "should...closed would again be given permits to operate, as would papers of all legally constituted nationalist groups, i.e. , political parties qualifying...the marihuana problem; and the continuing incidents of black market and illicit currency and com- modity transactions. (See 1968 MACV Command History

  9. Training Blueprint of an Air Command (United States)


    operations, the rapid influx put a strain on units individually and AFSOC collectively and appeared to violate one or more of the SOF truths.7...1987, through an act of Congress, that the United States formalized a collection of special operations forces into a single unified command known as...Project 9, 31. 13 David Rooney. Wingate and the Chindits: Redressing the Balance. London: Arms and Armour Press, 1994, Pg. 91. 14 Okerstrom, Project 9

  10. Joint Forces Command - United Assistance Fiscal Triad (United States)


    OHDACA) funding to AFRICOM. AFRICOM further allocated funding to commands sup- porting OUA, such as USARAF. Th e intended purpose for OHDA- the JRRB. Th e OCSIC maintains the require- ments database , which should be the single source to answer internal and external requisitions. To...maximize its usefulness, this database needs to be synchronized at least weekly with the J–8’s funding data and status of contracts. 8. Use

  11. Air Command and Control in Small Wars (United States)


    147Maj Gen Charles W. Lyon and Lt Col Andrew B. Stone, “Right Sizing Airpower: Command and Control for the Afghanistan Coutnerinsurgency,” Air and Space...and E. E. Conger , ed. RM-3653-PR, Symposium on the Role of Airpower in Counterinsurgency and Unconventional Warfare: The Algeriean War. Santa Monica...Journal. (accessed 15 June 2011). Lyon, Maj Gen Charles W., and Lt Col Andrew B. Stone

  12. The Spartan attitude control system - Ground support computer (United States)

    Schnurr, R. G., Jr.


    The Spartan Attitude Control System (ACS) contains a command and control computer. This computer is optimized for the activities of the flight and contains very little human interface hardware and software. The computer system provides the technicians testing of Spartan ACS with a convenient command-oriented interface to the flight ACS computer. The system also decodes and time tags data automatically sent out by the flight computer as key events occur. The duration and magnitude of all system maneuvers is also derived and displayed by this system. The Ground Support Computer is also the primary Ground Support Equipment for the flight sequencer which controls all payload maneuvers, and long term program timing.

  13. Operational Modes and Capability Requirements for Cooperative Air Combat of Manned Vehicle and Unmanned Vehicle%有人/无人战斗机协同空战模式及能力需求分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付昭旺; 寇英信; 于雷; 李战武


    针对未来空战的特点对有人/无人战斗机协同空战的作战模式及能力需求进行了研究.从信息链到武器链时空过渡的角度分析了有人/无人机协同空战的作战优势;提出了两种典型的有人/无人机协同空战方式,并给出了作战过程描述及功能结构分析;基于“观测-评估-决策-执行”指挥控制环分析了有人/无人机协同空战的指挥控制流程;基于协同空战的任务需求提出各参与平台的能力需求.此研究对有人/无人机协同空战的发展具有一定的指导意义.%Cooperative modes and capability requirements for cooperative air combat of manned vehicle and unmanned vehicle are proposed based on the characteristics of the future air combat. Firstly, the operational advantage of manned vehicle and unmanned vehicle cooperative air combat is deeply analyzed based on the information transformation style, then, two cooperative combat mode are proposed and the combat process and functional structure are analyzed separately. Third, the command and control problem is searched based on the Observe-Orient-Decide-Act command and control circle. At last the capability requirements for each platform of cooperative combat system are analyzed. This research will be certain significance for the development of cooperative air combat of manned vehicle and unmanned vehicle.

  14. An OEF/OIF study of close combat missions using small unmanned aircraft systems (United States)

    Lifschitz, Gabriel; Tierney, Richard J.; Vitali, Juan A.


    The Small Unmanned Aircraft System (SUAS) is a rucksack portable aerial observation vehicle designed to supplement reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition tasks of an infantry company. The Raven is an earlier version of the SUAS. Raven is an Urgent Material Release (UMR) acquisition and has been used for the past two years by selected Army units in Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF). Army Test and Evaluation Command-led surveys were used to assess the capabilities and limitations of the Raven in OEF/OIF. Results and analyses of the surveys indicate that Raven enhances situational awareness of a small unit in urban areas and in selected close combat missions. Users of the Raven state it is easy to use, although there are major issues with frequency de-confliction, airspace management, short endurance, and sensor performance. The SUAS is a program of record and completed developmental and operational testing in preparation for full rate production. This paper addresses the SUAS effectiveness, suitability, and survivability evaluation strategy based on actual testing of the system. During the Initial Operational Test (IOT), the SUAS was found to be effective with limitations in a set of 21 closed combat missions and two call for fire tests for which it was tested. Low Mean Time Between Operational Mean Failure (MTBOMF) and human factors issues make the system suitable with limitations. Acoustic (audible to the human ear) and electronic vulnerabilities make the system non-survivable in most combat scenarios. The SUAS was found to be useful as an extra asset usable in certain infantry company close combat missions where terrain and visual line of sight give the system an advantage over traditional reconnaissance patrols. Army aviation and infantry units uncover new ways every day to use this portable "eye in the sky", especially when unmanned aerial reconnaissance assets are in premium demand. A discussion on changes in doctrine with the

  15. The First World War Mesopotamian Campaigns: Military Lessons on Iraqi Ground Warfare (United States)


    combat but of cholera . General Marshall who assumed command continued the policy of dealing with pockets of villages that drained the British Such books that highlight the tactics of the Iran-Iraq War, Saddam’s war against the Kurdish separatist fighters or the Yemen War of 1962 to...New York: Knopf, 2004), 169-170. 6. Wilson, Arnold T. Loyalties Mesopotamia 1914-1917: From the Outbreak of War to the Death of General Maude. (New

  16. Applications of Capstone Depleted Uranium Aerosol Risk Data to Military Combat Risk Management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daxon, Eric G.; Parkhurst, MaryAnn; Melanson, Mark A.; Roszell, Laurie E.


    Risks to personnel engaged in military operations include not only the threat of enemy firepower but also risks from exposure to other hazards such as radiation. Combatant commanders of the U. S. Army carefully weigh risks of casualties before implementing battlefield actions using an established paradigm that take these risks into consideration. As a result of the inclusion of depleted uranium (DU) anti-armor ammunition in the conventional (non-nuclear) weapons arsenal, the potential for exposure to DU aerosols and its associated chemical and radiological effects becomes an element of the commanders’ risk assessment. The Capstone DU Aerosol Study measured the range of likely DU oxide aerosol concentrations created inside a combat vehicle perforated with a DU munition, and the Capstone Human Health Risk Assessment (HHRA) estimated the associated doses and calculated risks. This paper focuses on the development of a scientific approach to adapt the risks from DU’s non uniform dose distribution within the body using the current U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) radiation risk management approach. The approach developed equates the Radiation Exposure Status (RES) categories to the estimated radiological risks of DU and makes use of the Capstone-developed Renal Effects Group (REG) as a measure of chemical risk from DU intake. Recommendations are provided for modifying Army guidance and policy in order to better encompass the potential risks from DU aerosol inhalation during military operations.

  17. Using agility to combat cyber attacks. (United States)

    Anderson, Kerry


    Some incident response practitioners feel that they have been locked in a battle with cyber criminals since the popular adoption of the internet. Initially, organisations made great inroads in preventing and containing cyber attacks. In the last few years, however, cyber criminals have become adept at eluding defence security technologies and rapidly modifying their exploit strategies for financial or political gains. Similar to changes in military combat tactics, cyber criminals utilise distributed attack cells, real-time communications, and rapidly mutating exploits to minimise the potential for detection. Cyber criminals have changed their attack paradigm. This paper describes a new incident response paradigm aimed at combating the new model of cyber attacks with an emphasis on agility to increase the organisation's ability to respond rapidly to these new challenges.

  18. Surgical Tooth Implants, Combat and Field. (United States)


    PROCUREMENT INSTRUMENT IDENTIFICATION NUMBER ORGANIZATION U.S. Army Medica (ff Applicable) Research & Development Command DAMDl7-82-C-2Q20 Sc. ADDRESS...eds.). 21. Perrin, S. M. and A. Baity. 1978. Cellular differentiation and bone biomechanics during the consolidation of a fracture. Anatomic Clinica

  19. Physiological stress and performance analysis to karate combat. (United States)

    Chaabene, Helmi; Hellara, Ilhem; Ghali, Faten B; Franchini, Emerson; Neffati, Fedoua; Tabben, Montassar; Najjar, Mohamed F; Hachana, Younés


    This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between physiological, and parameters of performance analysis during karate contest. Nine elite-level karate athletes participated in this study. Saliva sample was collected pre- and post-karate combat. Salivary cortisol (sC) post-combat 2 raised significantly compared to that recorded at pre-combat 1 (Δ%=105.3%; P=0.04; dz=0.78). The largest decrease of the salivary T/C ratio (sR) compared to pre-combat 1 was recorded post-combat 2 (Δ%=-43.5%; P=0.03). Moreover, blood lactate concentration post-combat 1 correlated positively to sCpost-combat 1 (r=0.66; P=0.05) and negatively to both salivary testosterone (sT) (r=-0.76; P=0.01) and sRpost-combat 1 (r=-0.76; P=0.01). There was no significant relationship between hormonal measures and parameters of match analysis. Although under simulated condition, karate combat poses large physiological stress to the karateka. Additionally, physiological strain to karate combat led to a catabolic hormonal response.

  20. Women in Combat Pros and Cons (United States)


    secondary to domestic duties. Combat is directly oppossed to a women’s nuturing role and is wrong because of both values and perceived deficient...opportunities should be equal, including the right and duty to defend your country. Discrimination for employment should be based upon objective and...bonding excludes sexual relationships of either a heterosexual or homosexual nature . Some believe that. this bonding would degenerate into sexual

  1. Combating isolation: Building mutual mentoring networks (United States)

    Cox, Anne J.


    Women physicists can often feel isolated at work. Support from a grant through the ADVANCE program of the National Science Foundation (U.S. government funding) created mutual mentoring networks aimed at combating isolation specifically for women faculty at undergraduate-only institutions. This paper will discuss the organization of one such network, what contributed to its success, some of the outcomes, and how it might be implemented in other contexts.

  2. Armored Combat Vehicles Science and Technology Plan (United States)


    analysis0 SS 94 GHz TRANSMITTER/RECEIVER MODULE Provide low cost transciever modules for pulsed, FMCW or FSK radars at 35-100 Gfz. STAC!LTZATTOU...prepared by TACOM. 3 !. ... Ill11111iilIl 0 1 lPI IPIt’IlA BEST AVAILABLE.COPY The Armored Combat Vehicle Science and Technology Base Development program...classes of Army Systems including Radar , E-O, AD. Communications, Missiles and EW. NETWORK MANAGEMENT INTEGRATION - BATTLEFIELD INFORMATION

  3. Development of Polymer Materials for Combating Desertification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Aiming respectively at the two problems in desertiflcation areas, namely water shortage and serious soil erosion, the polymer materials for combating desertiflcation may be classified as water absorbing-retaining polymers (WARPs) and sandy soil stabilizing polymers (SSSPs). Their further classifications and current researcfl situations were introduced. It is suggested that the major hindrancefor their wide appHcation is the high cost. The authors' newest research resuits on cutting cost and enhancing ef...

  4. Cohesion, the Human Element in Combat (United States)


    in trench be- hind me recall me at a bound from the terrible loneliness and fear of death by which I had been almost destroyed. They are more to me...and Roger Little, Sociology and the Military Establishment (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1965). 20. Kellet, Combat Motivation, p. 333. * 21...Charles C. Moskos, Jr., The American Enlisted Man (New York: Russell Sage, 1970), pp. 146-56. *41. Moskos, "Civic Education and the All-Volunteer Force

  5. Barriers to combating human trafficking in Colombia


    Wilcox, Daniel Joseph


    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Despite international and domestic policies and programs intended to combat human trafficking, Colombia remains one of the countries with the highest instances of human trafficking in the Western Hemisphere. Factors contributing to human trafficking in Colombia, such as internal violence and displacement, drug trafficking, a weak central government, and widespread corruption, have overpowered what energies the government marshaled agai...

  6. Submarine Combat Systems Engineering Project Capstone Project (United States)


    Combat Systems Engineering Project Capstone Project by John Becker Denman Sweetman Shaun Cookinham Mark Wasilewski Shawn Goode Samuel D...This report was prepared by: John Becker Denman Sweetman Shaun Cookinham Mark Wasilewski Shawn Goode Samuel D. Winograd David Rhodes...ELEMENT NUMBER 6. AUTHOR(S) John Becker, Shaun Cookinham, Shawn Goode, David Rhodes 5d. PROJECT NUMBER Mark Wasilewski , Samuel Winograd 5e. TASK

  7. Civilian Combatants, Military Professionals? American Officer Judgments (United States)


    respectively. 25 Volker Franke and Marc von Boemcken offer a five-category typology of armed opera- tional combat support, armed security...Any job that requires them to be armed or they may be exposed to enemy fire .’ A third offered: ‘ALL MILITARY FUNCTIONS. THERE SHOULD NOT BE PRIVATE...Industry (Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP 2003) p.41. 5 Gary Schaub, Jr. and Volker Franke, Contractors as Military Professionals?’ Parameters 39/4 (2009/2010

  8. Command Control Group Behaviors. Objective 1. A Methodology for and Identification of Command Control Group Behaviors. (United States)


    recordings were DD I JAN 73 1473 EDITION OF I NOV 65 IS OBSOLETE UNCLASSIFIED i SECUPITY CLASSIFICATION OF THIS PAGE (K4hen Data Entered) ’Ii...numbers of per- sonnet and 2weapons we now have at our disposal. The command and control (C ) process is one such factor where deficiencies invite...OBSERVATIONAL TASKS Position Codes: 01 10 S1 02 20 S2 03 Brigade 3 30 S3 04 40 S4 05 50 XO 06 60 Entire Group 07 70 Commander (71-"A" Co, 72-"B" Co, 73 -"C" Co

  9. System and method for transferring telemetry data between a ground station and a control center (United States)

    Ray, Timothy J. (Inventor); Ly, Vuong T. (Inventor)


    Disclosed herein are systems, computer-implemented methods, and tangible computer-readable media for coordinating communications between a ground station, a control center, and a spacecraft. The method receives a call to a simple, unified application programmer interface implementing communications protocols related to outer space, when instruction relates to receiving a command at the control center for the ground station generate an abstract message by agreeing upon a format for each type of abstract message with the ground station and using a set of message definitions to configure the command in the agreed upon format, encode the abstract message to generate an encoded message, and transfer the encoded message to the ground station, and perform similar actions when the instruction relates to receiving a second command as a second encoded message at the ground station from the control center and when the determined instruction type relates to transmitting information to the control center.

  10. Evaluating Combat Service Support Transformation for the Contemporary Operating Environment (United States)


    assymetric warfare. Thesis, School of Advanced Military Studies, United States Army Command and General Staff College. Fort Leavenworth, KS. 2005... assymetric warfare. Thesis, School of Advanced Military Studies, United States Army Command and General Staff College. Fort Leavenworth, KS. 2005

  11. Spaceport Command and Control System Automation Testing (United States)

    Hwang, Andrew


    The Spaceport Command and Control System (SCCS) is the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations (NASA) launch control system for the Orion capsule and Space Launch System, the next generation manned rocket currently in development. This large system requires high quality testing that will properly measure the capabilities of the system. Automating the test procedures would save the project time and money. Therefore, the Electrical Engineering Division at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) has recruited interns for the past two years to work alongside full-time engineers to develop these automated tests, as well as innovate upon the current automation process.

  12. Spaceport Command and Control System Automated Testing (United States)

    Stein, Meriel


    The Spaceport Command and Control System (SCCS) is the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations (NASA) launch control system for the Orion capsule and Space Launch System, the next generation manned rocket currently in development. This large system requires high quality testing that will properly measure the capabilities of the system. Automating the test procedures would save the project time and money. Therefore, the Electrical Engineering Division at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) has recruited interns for the past two years to work alongside full-time engineers to develop these automated tests, as well as innovate upon the current automation process.

  13. Spaceport Command and Control System Automation Testing (United States)

    Plano, Tom


    The goal of automated testing is to create and maintain a cohesive infrastructure of robust tests that could be run independently on a software package in its entirety. To that end, the Spaceport Command and Control System (SCCS) project at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Kennedy Space Center (KSC) has brought in a large group of interns to work side-by-side with full time employees to do just this work. Thus, our job is to implement the tests that will put SCCS through its paces.

  14. STS-110 Commander Bloomfield arrives for TCDT (United States)


    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. -- STS-110 Commander Michael Bloomfield waves as he gets ready to depart KSC for Houston. He and the rest of the crew were at KSC for Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test activities that included payload familiarization and a simulated launch countdown. Scheduled for launch April 4, the 11-day STS-110 mission will feature Space Shuttle Atlantis docking with the International Space Station (ISS) and delivering the S0 truss, the centerpiece-segment of the primary truss structure that will eventually extend over 300 feet.

  15. Command and Control in a Complex World (United States)


    19 William  Welsh , “Nelson at Trafalgar:  He Did His Duty,” Military History 22, no. 7 (Oct 2005):  38‐44.  20 Lord...Co, 2005. Hanley, Brian. “The Enduring Relevance of the Battle for Stalingrad.” Joint Forces Quarterly Issue 43 (4th Qtr 2006): 92. Irvine ...William S. “Network-Enabled Battle Command.” Military Review (May/Jun 2005): 2-3. Welsh , William. “Nelson at Trafalgar: He Did His Duty

  16. Long-term disabilities associated with combat casualties: measuring disability and reintegration in combat veterans. (United States)

    Resnik, Linda; Reiber, Gayle


    Many physical and mental health problems associated with combat casualties affect the reintegration of service members into home and community life. Quantifying and measuring reintegration is important to answer questions about clinical, research, economic, and policy issues that directly affect combat veterans. Although the construct of participation presented in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems and in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health provides a theoretical framework with which to understand and measure community reintegration in general, a measure was needed that specifically addressed the reintegration of combat veterans. To address this need, the Community Reintegration for Service Members global outcomes measure was developed. It consists of three scales, which measure extent of participation, perceived limitations, and satisfaction. The measure was validated in a general sample of veterans and in a sample of severely wounded service members. The computer-adapted test version shows good precision, reliability, construct validity, and predictive validity.

  17. Autonomous Satellite Command and Control through the World Wide Web: Phase 3 (United States)

    Cantwell, Brian; Twiggs, Robert


    NASA's New Millenium Program (NMP) has identified a variety of revolutionary technologies that will support orders of magnitude improvements in the capabilities of spacecraft missions. This program's Autonomy team has focused on science and engineering automation technologies. In doing so, it has established a clear development roadmap specifying the experiments and demonstrations required to mature these technologies. The primary developmental thrusts of this roadmap are in the areas of remote agents, PI/operator interface, planning/scheduling fault management, and smart execution architectures. Phases 1 and 2 of the ASSET Project (previously known as the WebSat project) have focused on establishing World Wide Web-based commanding and telemetry services as an advanced means of interfacing a spacecraft system with the PI and operators. Current automated capabilities include Web-based command submission, limited contact scheduling, command list generation and transfer to the ground station, spacecraft support for demonstrations experiments, data transfer from the ground station back to the ASSET system, data archiving, and Web-based telemetry distribution. Phase 2 was finished in December 1996. During January-December 1997 work was commenced on Phase 3 of the ASSET Project. Phase 3 is the subject of this report. This phase permitted SSDL and its project partners to expand the ASSET system in a variety of ways. These added capabilities included the advancement of ground station capabilities, the adaptation of spacecraft on-board software, and the expansion of capabilities of the ASSET management algorithms. Specific goals of Phase 3 were: (1) Extend Web-based goal-level commanding for both the payload PI and the spacecraft engineer; (2) Support prioritized handling of multiple PIs as well as associated payload experimenters; (3) Expand the number and types of experiments supported by the ASSET system and its associated spacecraft; (4) Implement more advanced resource

  18. An Analysis of Special Operations Command - South’s Distributive Command and Control Concept (United States)


    Special Ops aviation unit traverses Bermuda Triangle en route to new home”, News Service Release Number 03082525 (August 2003),, 2007). U.S. Army Special Operations Command. “Special Ops Aviation Unit Traverses Bermuda Triangle En Route to New Home.” News Service Release

  19. The Threat of High Altitude Electromagnetic Pulses: Why it Should be Keeping Combatant Commanders Up at Night (United States)


    on Guam. Kayakers can be seen paddling around the island, taking in the beautiful vistas. Tourists begin arriving at the many duty free malls that...more and is similar in nature to the magnetic effects of solar flares. This component can affect electrical systems with long transmission lines and

  20. AFRICOM: Can America’s Newest Combatant Command Stabilize Africa Using a Strategy of "Sunshine and Love"? (United States)


    Lemonier in Djibouti. CJTF-HOA was stood-up at Camp Lejeune, North 12 Carolina in October 2002.61 As Operation ENDURING FREEDOM was ongoing Camp Lemonier , Djibouti, in May 2003. Its mission adapted from a capture and kill focus to a mission of security cooperation and training

  1. Joint Interagency Multinational Sea-Based Logistics Platforms: Utilizing Strategic Sealift to Enhance Geographic Combatant Commanders Theater Engagement Capabilities (United States)


    Lewis and Clark kept the USS Carl Vinson Carrier Strike Group and USS Bataan and USS Nassau Amphibious Ready Groups supplied on station. Rescue and...assisted in evaluating the integrity of the docks. Oceanographic survey ships USNS Henson and USNS Sumner surveyed the harbor and adjacent waters to

  2. Combating the ASW Threat with Operational Art: Ensuring Efficiency through Unity of Effort with the Theater Undersea Warfare Commander (United States)


    accessed 24 February 2012, JSTOR . 6 modern technology to penetrate the oceans depths with any consistency provides submarines a distinct advantage in...2012. JSTOR . Luck, Gary GEN (ret) and Col (ret) Mike Findley. “Joint Operations Insights and Best Practices 2 nd Edition.” Norfolk, VA: Joint

  3. Supporting the Air Mobility Needs of Geographic Combatant Commanders: An Evaluation Using the Principal-Agent Construct (United States)


    respondents the flexibility to explore topics of their choosing. Hypothesis According to John Creswell , author of numerous articles and 22 books on...form of a principal-agent 6 See Appendix A, Interview Questions 7 Creswell , 139. relationship...Chicago Press, 2008. Creswell , John W. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE

  4. ISIS and Social Media: The Combatant Commander’s Guide to Countering ISIS’s Social Media Campaign (United States)


    ISIS – Another View and Analysis A far cry from how ISIS’s propaganda machine defines its own organization, Hasan offers this more realistic view...intelligence should be collated and integrated into the overall information campaign. Finally, DOD entities will need to work with civilian partners to

  5. Combat Injuries: Providing Medical Care for all Veterans (United States)


    honorably, the U.S. Government is morally responsible for providing basic health care for the treatment of combat related injuries . This obligation...the treatment of combat related injuries . This obligation extends to injuries incurred in the line of duty regardless of the service member’s...full medical benefits, but to ensure he or she gets treatment for combat injuries regardless of the discharge. If the injury occurred under

  6. Littoral Combat Ship Open Ocean Anti-Submarine Warfare (United States)


    COVERED Capstone 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP OPEN OCEAN ANTI-SUBMARINE WARFARE 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) 311-124O/Team LCS...Life cycle cost LCCE Life cycle cost estimate LCS Littoral combat ship LHA Landing ship, helicopter assault LHD Landing ship, unlimited LITTORAL COMBAT SHIP OPEN OCEAN ANTI- SUBMARINE WARFARE by Team LCS 311-124O June 2014 Capstone Advisors: John Green Dan

  7. Design of an Intelligent Soldier Combat Training System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zen-Chung Wang


    Full Text Available This paper presents an intelligent solider combat training (ISCT system using X-Box Kinect and augmented virtual reality (AVR to improve soldier training performance through AVR-based simulation combat fields. In this human-machine interactive system, a systematic design and mechatronic approach is used to construct the overall system structure. The Kinect detects soldiers’ positions and postures, situating them in interactive combat soldier training courses. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness and applicability of the proposed method.

  8. Development, implementation and evaluation of a process to prevent and combat workplace bullying. (United States)

    Strandmark, Margaretha; Rahm, Gullbritt


    Our objective was to develop and implement an intervention program in collaboration with workplace personnel, to evaluate the process as a vehicle to prevent and combat bullying. The project emanates from a community-based participatory approach. We obtained data from individual and focus group interviews. We used grounded theory methodology, and made a comparative analysis before and after the intervention. Focus group interviews at the three first meetings indicated that those best positioned to prevent and combat bullying were the immediate supervisors, in collaboration with co-workers and upper management. The goal of zero tolerance toward bullying can be achieved if all concerned work together, using a humanistic value system, an open workplace atmosphere, group collaboration and conflict resolution. We developed an intervention, including lecturers and reflection groups, which ultimately resulted in an action plan. Focus group interviews at the fourth meeting, after the implementation, showed that employees were then more aware of bullying problems; the atmosphere at the workplace improved; the collaboration between and within the group was stronger; and the supervisor worked continuously to prevent and combat bullying, using the humanistic values suggested. We propose additional systematic work to implement our action plan and a conflict resolution system. The anti-bullying program implementation in the workplace achieved some success, but the intervention process is ongoing. © 2014 the Nordic Societies of Public Health.

  9. Renewable Energy Opportunties at Dugway Proving Ground, Utah

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orrell, Alice C.; Kora, Angela R.; Russo, Bryan J.; Horner, Jacob A.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Weimar, Mark R.; Gorrissen, Willy J.; Nesse, Ronald J.; Dixon, Douglas R.


    This document provides an overview of renewable resource potential at Dugway Proving Ground, based primarily upon analysis of secondary data sources supplemented with limited on-site evaluations. This effort focuses on grid-connected generation of electricity from renewable energy sources and ground source heat pumps (GSHPs). The effort was funded by the U.S. Army Installation Management Command (IMCOM) as follow-on to the 2005 Department of Defense (DoD) Renewables Assessment.

  10. Air cushioned landing craft (LCAC) based ship to shore movement simulation: A decision aid for the amphibious commander. A (SMMAT) application (United States)

    Kearns, Edward P., III


    Amphibious forces are the enabling force of choice to globally project rapid and sustainable combat power in the littoral. Whether delivering supplies and equipment for military operations or for humanitarian or disaster relief, the air cushioned landing craft (LCAC) is the primary surface ship-to-shore movement craft. The time needed to transfer the forces ashore may be critical to operational success and is an important planning consideration. Many factors complicate accurate prediction of this time. Even so, various commanders must use the best available information, given mission priorities and resource and capability limitations, to make numerous tradeoff decisions in planning and executing the movement of forces. A simulation toolbox, the simulated mobility modeling and analysis toolbox (SMMAT), is introduced, and a robust LCAC ship-to-shore simulation model is developed as an extension to SMMAT. This model provides the commander a prediction and tradeoff analysis tool for planning and executing the projection of power ashore.

  11. A Framework for Command Recovery in User Interface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    In this paper,a framework is presented for adding a general command recovery facility to user interface.A simple model of interactive system is discussed and four meta commands.UNDO,REDO.SKIPBACK,and SKIPFORWARD,are defined.The double-linked list is used to organize the recovery information in a natural way for easy implementation.Applications of the framework to various demands of command recoveries show that the use of the framework is veryeasy and convenient.

  12. The Need to Increase Marine Corps Special Operations Command (United States)


    within DoD and with SOF during the 1980 to 1984 timeframe following poor performances in Operations Eagle Claw (Iran attempted hostage rescue , 1980...execute "special operations." The MSPF was one of the elements of the MEV SOC that enabled the Marine Corps to respond to hostage situations, terrorists...Naval Special Warfare Command (NAVSPECWARCOM), Air Force Special Operations Command (AFSOC), and MARSOe. The Joint Special Operations Command ( JSOC

  13. Alliance or Reliance? Reconsidering U.S. Forces in the Republic of Korea (United States)


    Marshment, "The U.S. Ground Combat Experience in Korea: In Defense of U.S. Interests or a Strategic Dinosaur " (Command and General Staff College, 1983...Marshment, Kelvin C. "The U.S. Ground Combat Experience in Korea: In Defense of U.S. Interests or a Strategic Dinosaur ." Command and General Staff

  14. Rear Area Commander’s Responsibility. (United States)


    vehicle receiving a telephone. Ground rods are located to eliminate injury to individuals working around the vehicles. Whenever possible , grounding...maintain, as a minimum, the following maps and charts: (1).- Operations Map ( JOG series 1:250) (2).- RAP Priorities Chart (3).- RAP Assets Chart (4...capability for processing, plotting, and disseminating NBC reports, incidents and accidents . The section coordinates with the RAOC Plans and O&I Section

  15. Distress, omnipotence, and responsibility beliefs in command hallucinations. (United States)

    Ellett, Lyn; Luzon, Olga; Birchwood, Max; Abbas, Zarina; Harris, Abi; Chadwick, Paul


    Command hallucinations are considered to be one of the most distressing and disturbing symptoms of schizophrenia. Building on earlier studies, we compare key attributes in the symptomatic, affective, and cognitive profiles of people diagnosed with schizophrenia and hearing voices that do (n = 77) or do not (n = 74) give commands. The study employed a cross-sectional design, in which we assessed voice severity, distress and control (PSYRATs), anxiety and depression (HADS), beliefs about voices (BAVQ-R), and responsibility beliefs (RIQ). Clinical and demographic variables were also collected. Command hallucinations were found to be more distressing and controlling, perceived as more omnipotent and malevolent, linked to higher anxiety and depression, and resisted more than hallucinations without commands. Commanding voices were also associated with higher conviction ratings for being personally responsible for preventing harm. The findings suggest key differences in the affective and cognitive profiles of people who hear commanding voices, which have important implications for theory and psychological interventions. Command hallucinations are associated with higher distress, malevolence, and omnipotence. Command hallucinations are associated with higher responsibility beliefs for preventing harm. Responsibility beliefs are associated with voice-related distress. Future psychological interventions for command hallucinations might benefit from focussing not only on omnipotence, but also on responsibility beliefs, as is done in psychological therapies for obsessive compulsive disorder. Limitations The cross-sectional design does not assess issues of causality. We did not measure the presence or severity of delusions. © 2017 The British Psychological Society.

  16. Combat Simulation Using Breach Computer Language (United States)


    Armament Division, FC5SCWSL; and Mr. John Tobak, Scientific and Engineering Application Division, Management Information Systems Directorate. The...what was then the US Army Electonic Command, Fort Monmouth. At this point, BREACH became known as BREWS, which stands for Battlefield Related...November 1976 Goldberg, S. et al, "ASARS Battle Model," Book 1, Volume 1, Executive Summary, SA Group Technical Report TR 9073, Fort

  17. Casualties of War: Combat Trauma and the Return of the Combat Veteran (United States)

    Kiely, Denis O.; Swift, Lisa


    The experience of the combat soldier and the road back to civilian life are recurrent themes in American literature and cinema. Whether the treatment is tragic (Stephen Crane's "Red Badge of Courage", Tim O'Brien's "The Things They Carried", or Tony Scott's "Blackhawk Down"), satirical (Joseph Heller's "Catch Twenty-Two" and Robert Altman's…

  18. Casualties of War: Combat Trauma and the Return of the Combat Veteran (United States)

    Kiely, Denis O.; Swift, Lisa


    The experience of the combat soldier and the road back to civilian life are recurrent themes in American literature and cinema. Whether the treatment is tragic (Stephen Crane's "Red Badge of Courage", Tim O'Brien's "The Things They Carried", or Tony Scott's "Blackhawk Down"), satirical (Joseph Heller's "Catch Twenty-Two" and Robert Altman's…

  19. Combating hooliganism in the Netherlands. An evaluation of measures to combat hooliganism with longitudinal registration data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaap, D.P.; Postma, M; Jansen, L.; Tolsma, J.


    Football hooliganism is an undesirable but widespread phenomenon. In this contribution, a range of measures to combat hooliganism in the Netherlands is evaluated. We use (logistic) multi-level models to analyze data on hooliganism from the Dutch Football Vandalism Information Office covering 3431

  20. Combating hooliganism in the Netherlands: An evaluation of measures to combat hooliganism with longitudinal registration data

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schaap, D.P.; Postma, M; Jansen, L.; Tolsma, J.


    Football hooliganism is an undesirable but widespread phenomenon. In this contribution, a range of measures to combat hooliganism in the Netherlands is evaluated. We use (logistic) multi-level models to analyze data on hooliganism from the Dutch Football Vandalism Information Office covering 3431

  1. Application of Beidou Satellite Navigation System in Ground Surveillance System%北斗卫星导航系统在地面监视系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜思良; 杨俊峰; 王德泉


    为满足部队作战训练的应用需求,对北斗卫星导航系统在地面监视系统中的应用进行研究。在简要介绍卫星导航系统国内外应用现状的基础上,结合北斗卫星导航系统提供的定位和短消息通信能力,提出系统软件应具有定位获取与导航、图上监视、数据指挥和基于北斗的信息传递等核心功能,并分析软件设计中指挥与监视一体集成、图上位置聚合解聚展现和队形偏航告警等关键技术和实现方法。该研究可为研发基于北斗卫星导航系统的地面监视系统提供参考。%To meet the application requirements of military combat training, the paper studies the application of Beidou satellite navigation system in ground surveillance system. Based on the present research of satellite navigation system at home and abroad, position and short message communication ability of Beidou satellite, the core capability of the software system is proposed, including position and navigation ability, situation monitoring ability, data commanding ability and information delivery ability. The key technologies of software design are analyzed, which are composed of commanding and monitoring, troop position aggregation and disaggregation, vehicle off-course alarm etc. The study could provide a reference for the development of ground surveillance system based on Beidou satellite navigation system.

  2. Commande adaptive d'une machine asynchrone (United States)

    Slama-Belkhodja, I.; de Fornel, B.


    The paper deals with an indirect self-tuning speed control for an induction motor supplied by a chopper-filter-inverter system. Input/Output models are identified with the recursive least squares algorithm and the controller adaptation is based on a pole assignement strategy. Emphasis is put on the evaluation of the parameter identification in order to avoid instabilities because of disturbances or insufficient excitations. This is especially of importance when the adaptive control is carried out in closed loop systems and without additional test signals. Simulation results show the improvement of the dynamic responses and the robustness against load variations or parameters variations (rotor resistance, inertia). Cat article décrit une stratégie de commande adaptive indirecte à Placement de Pôles (PP), appliquée à la commande en vitesse d'une machine asynchrone alimentée par un ensemble hacheur-filtre-onduleur de tension. L'algorithme des Moindres Carrés Récursifs (MCR) est utilisé pour l'identification des modèles de comportement type entrées/sorties. Un intérêt particulier est porté à la mise en oeuvre de cet algorithme et à la discussion de ses résultats, tenant compte des erreurs de modélisation et de la nature peu riche en excitations des entrées du processus. Différents régimes transitoires ont été simulés pour apprécier l'apport de cette association (MCR-PP) : démarrages et inversion des sens de rotation, à vide et en charges, applications d'échelons de couple résistant, variations paramétriques. Les résultats permettent d'illustrer, tant au niveau des performances que de la robustesse, l'apport d'une telle commande adaptive pour des entraînements électriques avec une machine asynchrone.

  3. Using LTE Networks for UAV Command and Control Link: A Rural-Area Coverage Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nguyen, Huan Cong; Amorim, Rafhael Medeiros de; Wigard, Jeroen


    In this paper we investigate the ability of Long-Term Evolution (LTE) network to provide coverage for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) in a rural area, in particular for the Command and Control (C2) downlink. The study takes into consideration the dependency of the large-scale path loss...... interference coordination schemes. In addition, ideal Interference Cancellation (IC) scheme with ability to remove completely the dominant interferer shows less effective for UAVs than for users on the ground. On the other hand, macro network diversity has very good potential for drones, as not only...

  4. Sociedad Civil y combate a la pobreza


    López Salazar, Ricardo; Ortega, Isabel; Sandoval, Sergio


    Una de las organizaciones de la sociedad civil que ha adquirido gran relevancia en el combate a la pobreza alimentaria en el estado de Sonora es el Banco de Alimentos de Hermosillo (BAH). Su objetivo es combatir el hambre y la desnutrición mediante la distribución de alimentos a zonas marginadas. Pesqueira,  es una de las localidades en situación crítica de pobreza alimentaria y que ha sido beneficiada por los apoyos que otorga el BAH. Sin embargo, a pesar de que esos apoyos son reconocidos c...

  5. Leadership in Combat: An Historical Appraisal (United States)


    instead of instructing the reader zo look for traits that should be obvious after having read the essay on combat leadership in histoy. For the reader...Union artillery officer who had graduated from West Point in 1847. He had served in the Mexican War from Veracruz to Pueblo and campaigned against...of Stilwell’s ’family’, not by kinship but by the other great password to Stilwell’s favour; membership of the group he led out on foot from Burma

  6. Spaceport Command and Control System Software Development (United States)

    Glasser, Abraham


    The Spaceport Command and Control System (SCCS) is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) launch control system for the Orion capsule and Space Launch System, the next generation manned rocket currently in development. This large system requires a large amount of intensive testing that will properly measure the capabilities of the system. Automating the test procedures would save the project money from human labor costs, as well as making the testing process more efficient. Therefore, the Exploration Systems Division (formerly the Electrical Engineering Division) at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) has recruited interns for the past two years to work alongside full-time engineers to develop these automated tests, as well as innovate upon the current automation process.

  7. The Arecibo Remote Command Center Program (United States)

    Crawford, Fronefield; Jenet, Fredrick; Siemens, Xavier; Dolch, Timothy; Stovall, Kevin


    The Arecibo Remote Command Center (ARCC) is a multi-institution research and education program that introduces undergraduates to the field of pulsar research. Specifically, the program trains students to work in small teams to operate several of the world's largest radio telescopes (both Arecibo and the Green Bank Telescope). Students conduct survey observations for the PALFA Galactic plane pulsar survey and conduct timing observations of millisecond pulsars (MSPs) for the NANOGrav search for gravitational waves using these telescopes. In addition, ARCC students search pulsar candidates generated from processed survey data in order to find both new radio MSPs and non-recycled pulsars. The ARCC program currently operates at four U.S. institutions and involves more than 50 undergraduate students each year. To date, ARCC students have discovered 64 new pulsars in this program.

  8. Botnet Command Detection using Virtual Honeynet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available Internet attacks are growing with time, threats are increasing to disableinfrastructure to those that also target peoples and organization, these increasing largeattacks, and the new class of attacks directly targets the large businesses and governmentsaround the world. At the centre of many of these attacks is a large pool of compromisedcomputers which are called zombies commonly controlled by the attackers by using somecommon channels? Attackers use these zombies as anonymous proxies to hide their realidentities and amplify their attacks. A botnet is a network of compromised machines thatcan be remotely controlled by an attacker. With the view of affect made by the botnet, wepropose an approach using Virtual Honeynet data collection mechanisms to detect IRCand HTTP based botnet Command signatures. We have evaluated our approach using realworld network traces.

  9. Unmanned ground vehicles for integrated force protection (United States)

    Carroll, Daniel M.; Mikell, Kenneth; Denewiler, Thomas


    The combination of Command and Control (C2) systems with Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) provides Integrated Force Protection from the Robotic Operation Command Center. Autonomous UGVs are directed as Force Projection units. UGV payloads and fixed sensors provide situational awareness while unattended munitions provide a less-than-lethal response capability. Remote resources serve as automated interfaces to legacy physical devices such as manned response vehicles, barrier gates, fence openings, garage doors, and remote power on/off capability for unmanned systems. The Robotic Operations Command Center executes the Multiple Resource Host Architecture (MRHA) to simultaneously control heterogeneous unmanned systems. The MRHA graphically displays video, map, and status for each resource using wireless digital communications for integrated data, video, and audio. Events are prioritized and the user is prompted with audio alerts and text instructions for alarms and warnings. A control hierarchy of missions and duty rosters support autonomous operations. This paper provides an overview of the key technology enablers for Integrated Force Protection with details on a force-on-force scenario to test and demonstrate concept of operations using Unmanned Ground Vehicles. Special attention is given to development and applications for the Remote Detection Challenge and Response (REDCAR) initiative for Integrated Base Defense.

  10. Command control of reactors and factories: general architecture; Controle-commande des reacteurs et des usines: architecture generale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Appell, B.; Guesnier, G. [Electricite de France, 75 - Paris (France). Service Etudes et Projets Thermiques et Nucleaires; Chabert, J. [Cogema, 78 - Velizy-Villacoublay (France)


    As any industrial installation, the nuclear power plants and the fuel reprocessing plants require means to survey and to command the physical process and the associated equipment. These means are grouped under the designation of `command-control`. The command control is constituted by captors allowing to transform the physical quantities in electric signals, by automates allowing to treat these signals, by surveillance and control means at operators disposal and finally activators allowing to transform the command electric signals in mechanical actions on the process. The equipment has to answer to specifications imposed by nuclear safety. (N.C.)

  11. 'Grounded' Politics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Garbi


    play within one particular neighbourhood: Nørrebro in the Danish capital, Copenhagen. The article introduces the concept of grounded politics to analyse how groups of Muslim immigrants in Nørrebro use the space, relationships and history of the neighbourhood for identity political statements....... The article further describes how national political debates over the Muslim presence in Denmark affect identity political manifestations within Nørrebro. By using Duncan Bell’s concept of mythscape (Bell, 2003), the article shows how some political actors idealize Nørrebro’s past to contest the present...

  12. 42 CFR 495.368 - Combating fraud and abuse. (United States)


    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Combating fraud and abuse. 495.368 Section 495.368... PROGRAM Requirements Specific to the Medicaid Program § 495.368 Combating fraud and abuse. (a) General... accordance with § 455.15 and § 455.21 of this chapter, refer suspected cases of fraud and abuse to the...

  13. Combat Leadership: To Fly or Not to Fly? (United States)


    leading his men into combat. Theories of leadership vary greatly between our individual military services and those of our allies and this is where...member to ily and lead combat missions been established to provide a credible and necessary "leadership by example" role or is It the egoism of peer

  14. 32 CFR 813.4 - Combat camera operations. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Combat camera operations. 813.4 Section 813.4 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE SALES AND SERVICES VISUAL INFORMATION DOCUMENTATION PROGRAM § 813.4 Combat camera operations. (a) Air Force COMCAM forces document...

  15. Combat Simulation Modeling in Naval Special Warfare Mission Planning. (United States)


    This thesis explores the potential role of combat simulation modeling in the Naval Special Warfare mission planning cycle. It discusses methods the tactical level. The thesis concludes by discussing additional applications of combat simulation modeling within the Naval Special Warfare community and makes recommendations for its effective and efficient implementation.

  16. Digital control of highly augmented combat rotorcraft (United States)

    Tischler, Mark B.


    Proposed concepts for the next generation of combat helicopters are to be embodied in a complex, highly maneuverable, multiroled vehicle with avionics systems. Single pilot and nap-of-the-Earth operations require handling qualities which minimize the involvement of the pilot in basic stabilization tasks. To meet these requirements will demand a full authority, high-gain, multimode, multiply-redundant, digital flight-control system. The gap between these requirements and current low-authority, low-bandwidth operational rotorcraft flight-control technology is considerable. This research aims at smoothing the transition between current technology and advanced concept requirements. The state of the art of high-bandwidth digital flight-control systems are reviewed; areas of specific concern for flight-control systems of modern combat are exposed; and the important concepts are illustrated in design and analysis of high-gain, digital systems with a detailed case study involving a current rotorcraft system. Approximate and exact methods are explained and illustrated for treating the important concerns which are unique to digital systems.

  17. Battalion Commanders Speak Out; An Anthology on the Philosophy of Command (United States)


    that is what takes 757o-80Z of the commander’s cime . How successful was this whole adventure? Well, 1 could tick-off some- thing like performance on...t-1h ich take a\\"ay al 1 jn i - tiative on the part of subordinates) and overly gene r a l misston-type or de r s which could result in the failure


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marek Pawlik


    Full Text Available Purpose. Safety is seen as a must, for railway transport market. However it is not so obvious what does safety exactly mean as it means different things for different experts. Showing safety ensured by control command systems as a component of the railway operational safety and pointing associated challenges especially those arising from subdivision of the national railway system into different entities. Methodology. To achieve this purpose control command and signalling systems keeping safe distances between trains, preventing setting conflicting train routs, locking of the mobile elements of the switches, protecting the level crossings, enabling safe incorporation of additional trains were analyzed. Findings. Article analyses how control command system influence operational safety taking into account safety of the control-command system itself, interfaces on one side between signalling systems and control command system and on the other side between control command system and vehicle control systems, transmission, maintenance, and operation in degraded modes of running. Originality. New and high-effective scope of tests which are necessary for putting new control command installation into service both track-side and on-board are proposed. Practical value. Control command implementations will significantly improve operational safety, however it is possible only when recommendations defined in this article are taken into account. This means that all the components including interfaces have to meet acceptable hazard rate 10E-9 and have to be properly design, constructed, assembled and maintained, all taking into account whole chain of functions performed and supervised by different railway entities.

  19. Developing a Joint Engineer Headquarters for the JTF Commander (United States)


    projects.5 The JTF- Horn of Africa (HOA) engineer identified their most important mission supporting the JTF Commander as humanitaria efforts. Since...Commander. The academics can provide organizational insights to the headquarters, Engineer Planning during Crisis Action Planning, Execution of Operations

  20. TRADOC Annual Command History, 1 January to 31 December 1991 (United States)


    RADOC Crisis Actionr Team ... 22)ý,. * Resource Mgt & Plans Dir OC, MITER EV A AUDIT COMIII . COiMMAD HISTORIA OTCINE ATBO-K. Bldg 5 16ý# -MBSATN...Arms command LTG LP Wishart IIf 6 Aug 90 - 15 Aug 91 LTG WA shoffner 16 Aug 91 - DCG/CDR combined Arms support Command LTG LE Salomon 6 Aug 90 - DCG

  1. Turn-based gaming for convoy commander training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boonekamp, R.C.; Muller, T.J.; Vrijer, J.C. de


    With the increasing complexity of current-day military operations, effective education and training of military commanders is of vital importance. Commanders need to perform within a broader range of conflicts; unpredictable threats and civil-military interaction place a great demand on their

  2. Army’s Cyber Commander Explores NPS Education, Research Programs


    Naval Postgraduate School Public Affairs Office


    Lt. Gen. Rhett A. Hernandez, Commanding General of U.S. Army Cyber Command/U.S. 2nd Army, spent two days at the Naval Postgraduate School for an exploratory review of the university's cyber education and research programs, Oct. 1-2.

  3. Turn-based gaming for convoy commander training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boonekamp, R.C.; Muller, T.J.; Vrijer, J.C. de


    With the increasing complexity of current-day military operations, effective education and training of military commanders is of vital importance. Commanders need to perform within a broader range of conflicts; unpredictable threats and civil-military interaction place a great demand on their decisi

  4. 32 CFR 700.702 - Responsibility and authority of commanders. (United States)


    ... subordinate commands are fully aware of the importance of strong, dynamic leadership and its relationship to the overall efficiency and readiness of naval forces. Commanders shall exercise positive leadership and actively develop the highest qualities of leadership in persons with positions of authority...

  5. The Battle Command Sustainment Support System: Initial Analysis Report (United States)


    data.  Replica of Joint- Automatic Identification technology (J-AIT) database is stored on the NEDP Oracle database.  Materialized view of the...computing environment (CPCE) Command post client Battle command sustainment support System (BCS3) Logistics ...Overview 1 Effort Summary 1 Potential Roadblocks 2 National Enterprise Data Portal Analysis 2 Feed Dependencies 3 Data Feeds 3 Logistics

  6. Appetitive Aggression in Women: Comparing Male and Female War Combatants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danie eMeyer-Parlapanis


    Full Text Available Appetitive aggression refers to positive feelings being associated with the perpetration of violent behavior and has been shown to provide resilience against the development of PTSD in combatants returning from the battlefield. Until this point, appetitive aggression has been primarily researched in males. This study investigates appetitive aggression in females. Female and male combatants and civilians from Burundi were assessed for levels of appetitive aggression. In contrast to non-combatants, no sex difference in appetitive aggression could be detected for combatants. Furthermore, each of the female and male combatant groups displayed substantially higher levels of appetitive aggression than each of the male and female civilian control groups. This study demonstrates that in violent contexts, such as armed conflict, in which individuals perpetrate numerous aggressive acts against others, the likelihood for an experience of appetitive aggression increases- regardless of whether the individuals are male or female.

  7. Development of data analysis tool for combat system integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seung-Chun Shin


    Full Text Available System integration is an important element for the construction of naval combat ships. In particular, because impeccable combat system integration together with the sensors and weapons can ensure the combat capability and survivability of the ship, the integrated performance of the combat system should be verified and validated whether or not it fulfills the requirements of the end user. In order to conduct systematic verification and validation, a data analysis tool is requisite. This paper suggests the Data Extraction, Recording and Analysis Tool (DERAT for the data analysis of the integrated performance of the combat system, including the functional definition, architecture and effectiveness of the DERAT by presenting the test results.

  8. Psycho-physiological response of soldiers in urban combat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente J. Clemente-Suárez


    Full Text Available Current armed conflicts are asymmetrical and are developed m urban areas. These new requirements have not been studied for current literature. The aim of this study was to analyse changes in cortical arousal, blood lactate, muscle strength, autonomic modulation and rate of perceived exertion in a simulated urban combat. We analyzed 20 soldiers before and after an urban combat simulation. The results showed how urban combat produced high sympathetic nervous system activation, increasing the muscle strength, heart rate and blood lactate concentration of the soldiers. Despite this effort, rate of perceived exertion were not consistent with the physiological response that soldiers presented, the rate of perceived exertion was lower than the physiological response evaluated. Furthermore, the information processing and cortical arousal decreased after the urban combat simulation. These results have showed the psycho-physiological response of soldiers in combat, helping to better understanding and enabling an improvement of current training methods of soldiers.

  9. AMO EXPRESS: A Command and Control Experiment for Crew Autonomy Onboard the International Space Station (United States)

    Stetson, Howard K.; Haddock, Angie T.; Frank, Jeremy; Cornelius, Randy; Wang, Lui; Garner, Larry


    NASA is investigating a range of future human spaceflight missions, including both Mars-distance and Near Earth Object (NEO) targets. Of significant importance for these missions is the balance between crew autonomy and vehicle automation. As distance from Earth results in increasing communication delays, future crews need both the capability and authority to independently make decisions. However, small crews cannot take on all functions performed by ground today, and so vehicles must be more automated to reduce the crew workload for such missions. NASA's Advanced Exploration Systems Program funded Autonomous Mission Operations (AMO) project conducted an autonomous command and control experiment on-board the International Space Station that demonstrated single action intelligent procedures for crew command and control. The target problem was to enable crew initialization of a facility class rack with power and thermal interfaces, and involving core and payload command and telemetry processing, without support from ground controllers. This autonomous operations capability is enabling in scenarios such as initialization of a medical facility to respond to a crew medical emergency, and representative of other spacecraft autonomy challenges. The experiment was conducted using the Expedite the Processing of Experiments for Space Station (EXPRESS) rack 7, which was located in the Port 2 location within the U.S Laboratory onboard the International Space Station (ISS). Activation and deactivation of this facility is time consuming and operationally intensive, requiring coordination of three flight control positions, 47 nominal steps, 57 commands, 276 telemetry checks, and coordination of multiple ISS systems (both core and payload). Utilization of Draper Laboratory's Timeliner software, deployed on-board the ISS within the Command and Control (C&C) computers and the Payload computers, allowed development of the automated procedures specific to ISS without having to certify

  10. Combating Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism - A Comprehensive Training Guide : Workbook 6. Combating the Financing of Terrorism


    World Bank


    "Combating Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism: a Comprehensive Training Guide" is one of the products of the capacity enhancement program on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Funding of Terrorism (AML/CFT), which has been co-funded by the Governments of Sweden, Japan, Denmark, and Canada. The program offers countries the tools, skills, and knowledge to build and strength...

  11. An observational study assessing completion time and accuracy of completing the tactical combat casualty care card by combat medic trainees. (United States)

    Therien, Sean P; Andrews, James E; Nesbitt, Michael E; Mabry, Robert


    Prehospital care documentation is crucial to improving battlefield care outcomes. Developed by United States Army Ranger Special Operations Combat Medics (SOCMs), the Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) is currently fielded to deployed units to record prehospital injury data. This study documents length of time and accuracy of U.S. Army Combat Medic trainees in completing the minimum preestablished required fields on the TCCC card, establishing a baseline for point-of-injury cards. This was a prospective observational study in which U.S. Army combat medic trainees were timed while recording data on the TCCC card in both the classroom and simulated combat environment. We hypothesized that trainees could complete the TCCC card in less than 1 minute with 90% or greater accuracy. We enrolled 728 U.S. Army Combat Medic trainees in the study during May?June 2011 at Fort Sam Houston, TX. We observed an average TCCC card completion time of less than 1 minute with greater than 90% accuracy in the unstressed classroom environment but an increase to nearly 2 minutes on average and a decrease to 85% accuracy in the simulated combat environment. RESULTS imply that the TCCC card is well designed to quickly and accurately record prehospital combat injury information. Further investigation and future studies may compare other prehospital data collection methods with the TCCC card in terms of timely and accurate data collection. 2014.

  12. Features of the Deployed NPOESS Ground System (United States)

    Smith, D.; Grant, K. D.; Route, G.; Heckmann, G.


    NOAA, DoD, and NASA are jointly acquiring the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) replacing the current NOAA Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites (POES) and the DoD's Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP). The NPOESS satellites will carry a suite of sensors to collect meteorological, oceanographic, climatological, and solar-geophysical observations of the earth, atmosphere and space. The ground data processing segment is the Interface Data Processing Segment (IDPS), developed by Raytheon Intelligence & Information Systems (IIS). The IDPS processes NPOESS satellite data to provide environmental data products (aka, Environmental Data Records or EDRs) to US NOAA and DoD processing centers. The IDPS will process EDRs beginning with the NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) and through the lifetime of the NPOESS system. The command and telemetry segment is the Command, Control and Communications Segment (C3S), also developed by Raytheon IIS. C3S is responsible for managing the overall NPOESS mission from control and status of the space and ground assets to ensuring delivery of timely, high quality data from the Space Segment (SS) to IDPS for processing. In addition, the C3S provides the globally distributed ground assets necessary to collect and transport mission, telemetry, and command data between the satellites and the processing locations. The C3S provides all functions required for day-to-day commanding and state-of-health monitoring of the NPP and NPOESS satellites, and delivery of SMD to each Central IDP for data products development and transfer to System subscribers. The C3S also monitors and reports system-wide health, status and data communications with external systems and between the NPOESS segments. The NPOESS C3S and IDPS ground segments have been delivered and transitioned to operations for NPP. C3S was transitioned to operations at the NOAA Satellite Operations Facility in Suitland MD in August

  13. Delivering Combat Capability at Home and Abroad (United States)


    Major Command MDP Milestone Decision Point MLU Mid-Life Update MS Milestone MSIP Multi-Stage Improvement Program MY Milestone Year NMS National Military...USAF A model. The aircraft then began to evolve, proceeding through USAF F-15 Multistage Improvement Program ( MSIP ), which led in the mid-1980s to the F...avionics enhancements. ■ IOC 1979. F-15 Worldwide Fleet USAF F-15C/D MSIP ■ 180 built. ■ Avionics update. ■ Deliveries started June 1985. USAF F-15E

  14. STS-56 Commander Cameron uses SAREX on OV-103's aft flight deck (United States)


    STS-56 Commander Kenneth Cameron, wearing headset and headband equipped with penlight flashlight, uses the Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment II (SAREX-II) on the aft flight deck of Discovery, Orbiter Vehicle (OV) 103. Cameron, positioned just behind the pilots seat, talks to amateur radio operators on Earth via the SAREX equipment. SAREX cables and the interface module freefloat in front of the pilots seat. The SAREX scan converter (a white box) is seen just above Cameron's head attached to overhead panel O9. SAREX was established by NASA, the American Radio League/Amateur Radio Satellite Corporation and the JSC Amateur Radio Club to encourage public participation in the space program through a program to demonstrate the effectiveness of conducting short-wave radio transmissions between the Shuttle and ground-based radio operators at low-cost ground stations with amateur and digital techniques. As on several previous missions, SAREX was used on this flight as an educational opportunity

  15. Post-combat invincibility: violent combat experiences are associated with increased risk-taking propensity following deployment. (United States)

    Killgore, William D S; Cotting, Dave I; Thomas, Jeffrey L; Cox, Anthony L; McGurk, Dennis; Vo, Alexander H; Castro, Carl A; Hoge, Charles W


    Combat exposure is associated with increased rates of mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and anxiety when Soldiers return home. Another important health consequence of combat exposure involves the potential for increased risk-taking propensity and unsafe behavior among returning service members. Survey responses regarding 37 different combat experiences were collected from 1252 US Army Soldiers immediately upon return home from combat deployment during Operation Iraqi Freedom. A second survey that included the Evaluation of Risks Scale (EVAR) and questions about recent risky behavior was administered to these same Soldiers 3 months after the initial post-deployment survey. Combat experiences were reduced to seven factors using principal components analysis and used to predict post-deployment risk-propensity scores. Although effect sizes were small, specific combat experiences, including greater exposure to violent combat, killing another person, and contact with high levels of human trauma, were predictive of greater risk-taking propensity after homecoming. Greater exposure to these combat experiences was also predictive of actual risk-related behaviors in the preceding month, including more frequent and greater quantities of alcohol use and increased verbal and physical aggression toward others. Exposure to violent combat, human trauma, and having direct responsibility for taking the life of another person may alter an individual's perceived threshold of invincibility and slightly increase the propensity to engage in risky behavior upon returning home after wartime deployment. Findings highlight the importance of education and counseling for returning service members to mitigate the public health consequences of elevated risk-propensity associated with combat exposure.

  16. Control Architecture for Robotic Agent Command and Sensing (United States)

    Huntsberger, Terrance; Aghazarian, Hrand; Estlin, Tara; Gaines, Daniel


    Control Architecture for Robotic Agent Command and Sensing (CARACaS) is a recent product of a continuing effort to develop architectures for controlling either a single autonomous robotic vehicle or multiple cooperating but otherwise autonomous robotic vehicles. CARACaS is potentially applicable to diverse robotic systems that could include aircraft, spacecraft, ground vehicles, surface water vessels, and/or underwater vessels. CARACaS incudes an integral combination of three coupled agents: a dynamic planning engine, a behavior engine, and a perception engine. The perception and dynamic planning en - gines are also coupled with a memory in the form of a world model. CARACaS is intended to satisfy the need for two major capabilities essential for proper functioning of an autonomous robotic system: a capability for deterministic reaction to unanticipated occurrences and a capability for re-planning in the face of changing goals, conditions, or resources. The behavior engine incorporates the multi-agent control architecture, called CAMPOUT, described in An Architecture for Controlling Multiple Robots (NPO-30345), NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 28, No. 11 (November 2004), page 65. CAMPOUT is used to develop behavior-composition and -coordination mechanisms. Real-time process algebra operators are used to compose a behavior network for any given mission scenario. These operators afford a capability for producing a formally correct kernel of behaviors that guarantee predictable performance. By use of a method based on multi-objective decision theory (MODT), recommendations from multiple behaviors are combined to form a set of control actions that represents their consensus. In this approach, all behaviors contribute simultaneously to the control of the robotic system in a cooperative rather than a competitive manner. This approach guarantees a solution that is good enough with respect to resolution of complex, possibly conflicting goals within the constraints of the mission to

  17. Risk and Resilience Factors for Combat-Related Posttraumatic Psychopathology and Post Combat Adjustment (United States)


    Related Posttraumatic Psychopathology and Post Combat Adjustment PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR: Joseph R. Calabrese, MD CONTRACTING ORGANIZATION...REPORT DATE 01-05-2012 2. REPORT TYPE Final 3. DATES COVERED 07 May 2007 – 5 Apr 2012 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b...conducted using maximum likelihood estimation with a mean-adjusted chi-square ( MLM ) (the Satorra-Bentler chi-square value), which is robust to non

  18. Optimal Repellent Usage to Combat Dengue Fever. (United States)

    Dorsett, Chasity; Oh, Hyunju; Paulemond, Marie Laura; Rychtář, Jan


    Dengue fever is one of the most important vector-borne diseases. It is transmitted by Aedes Stegomyia aegypti, and one of the most effective strategies to combat the disease is the reduction of exposure to bites of these mosquitoes. In this paper, we present a game-theoretical model in which individuals choose their own level of protection against mosquito bites in order to maximize their own benefits, effectively balancing the cost of protection and the risk of contracting the dengue fever. We find that even when the usage of protection is strictly voluntary, as soon as the cost of protection is about 10,000 times less than the cost of contracting dengue fever, the optimal level of protection will be within 5 % of the level needed for herd immunity.

  19. Control coordination abilities in shock combat sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya Boychenko


    Full Text Available Purpose: optimize the process control level of coordination abilities in martial arts. Material and Methods: analysis and compilation of scientific and methodological literature, interviews with coaches of drum martial arts, video analysis techniques, teacher observations. Results: identified specific types of coordination abilities in shock combat sports. Pod branny and offered specific and nonspecific tests to monitor the level of species athletes coordination abilities. Conclusion: it is determined that in order to achieve victory in the fight martial artists to navigate the space to be able to assess and manage dynamic and spatio-temporal parameters of movements, maintain balance, have a high coordination of movements. The proposed tests to monitor species coordination abilities athletes allow an objective assessment of not only the overall level of coordination, and the level of specific types of manifestations of this ability.

  20. Combating Memory Corruption Attacks On Scada Devices (United States)

    Bellettini, Carlo; Rrushi, Julian

    Memory corruption attacks on SCADA devices can cause significant disruptions to control systems and the industrial processes they operate. However, despite the presence of numerous memory corruption vulnerabilities, few, if any, techniques have been proposed for addressing the vulnerabilities or for combating memory corruption attacks. This paper describes a technique for defending against memory corruption attacks by enforcing logical boundaries between potentially hostile data and safe data in protected processes. The technique encrypts all input data using random keys; the encrypted data is stored in main memory and is decrypted according to the principle of least privilege just before it is processed by the CPU. The defensive technique affects the precision with which attackers can corrupt control data and pure data, protecting against code injection and arc injection attacks, and alleviating problems posed by the incomparability of mitigation techniques. An experimental evaluation involving the popular Modbus protocol demonstrates the feasibility and efficiency of the defensive technique.

  1. Representation Without Subordination: Command Relationships In the Joint Environment (United States)


    Major Allen has a bachelor’s degree in Finance from New Mexico State University, a master’s degree in International Relations from Troy State...Command  of Joint Operations, (Santa Monica, CA: Rand  Corporation , 2009), 6‐7.  13 Some command structures have been built on the model of controlling...Coefficients t Sig. B Std. Error Beta 1 (Constant) .880 .362 2.434 .016 Commanders and their respective staffs understand supporting and

  2. Display For Command, Control, Communication and Intelligence System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Prabhu


    Full Text Available Display subsystem is an important part of command, control, communication and intelligence(C31 system. The display used in C31 system for air defence should provide a panoramic view of thecomplete air segment under its command and control in real-time. The necessary information requiredfor taking a quick decision should be available to the commander in easily understandable graphicformat This paper describes salient features of the display known as synthetic radar situation display(SRSD developed by the Defence Electronics Research Laboratory (DLRL, Hyderabad, for such applications

  3. Impact of Cumulative Combat Stress on Learning in an Academic Environment (United States)

    Shea, Kevin Peter; Fishback, Sarah Jane


    The stress of multiple combat tours has created a combat-tested but combat-weary Army. While most soldiers have coped successfully with combat stress, many return home with problems that include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, aggressive behavior, insomnia, and reduced memory and concentration skills. Education is…

  4. Is space the ultimate high ground? (United States)

    Meyer, Gregory J.; Stallings, Francis P.


    Military experts often refer to space as the ultimate high ground under the premise that placing systems in orbit provides advantages consistent with the military doctrine of high ground. Although space provides the ultimate "observation post", it has none of the other advantages traditionally associated with high ground. Army Field Manual (FM) 34-130 states the other advantages of holding key terrain: commanding avenues of approach, overcoming obstacles, and affording cover and concealment as additional benefits of high ground. Yet systems in orbit incur none of these additional advantages. Finally, international restrictions and reciprocity concerns limit the employment of weapons in space nullifying many of the unique capability advantages that would otherwise support the "high ground" aspect of space. As the ultimate observation post, satellites provide a large quantity of vital data to military decision makers. This massive amount of data needs to have as much context as possible to convert this data to useful knowledge. To use space assets optimally, the military needs to learn from the past and make space and cyber products distributed and tactical. It is absolutely essential to distribute the right information to the lowest level (tactical elements) of the organization or the "boots on the ground" in a timely manner.

  5. IT Security Support for the Spaceport Command Control Systems Development Ground Support Development Operations (United States)

    Branch, Drew A.


    Security is one of the most if not the most important areas today. After the several attacks on the United States, security everywhere has heightened from airports to the communication among the military branches legionnaires. With advanced persistent threats (APT's) on the rise following Stuxnet, government branches and agencies are required, more than ever, to follow several standards, policies and procedures to reduce the likelihood of a breach. Attack vectors today are very advanced and are going to continue to get more and more advanced as security controls advance. This creates a need for networks and systems to be in an updated and secured state in a launch control system environment. FISMA is a law that is mandated by the government to follow when government agencies secure networks and devices. My role on this project is to ensure network devices and systems are in compliance with NIST, as outlined in FISMA. I will achieve this by providing assistance with security plan documentation and collection, system hardware and software inventory, malicious code and malware scanning, and configuration of network devices i.e. routers and IDS's/IPS's. In addition, I will be completing security assessments on software and hardware, vulnerability assessments and reporting, and conducting patch management and risk assessments. A guideline that will help with compliance with NIST is the SANS Top 20 Critical Controls. SANS Top 20 Critical Controls as well as numerous security tools, security software and the conduction of research will be used to successfully complete the tasks given to me. This will ensure compliance with FISMA and NIST, secure systems and a secured network. By the end of this project, I hope to have carried out the tasks stated above as well as gain an immense knowledge about compliance, security tools, networks and network devices, as well as policies and procedures.

  6. Command, Control and Integration of Weaponized Unmanned Aircraft into the Air-to-Ground System (United States)


    also have access to the Standard Integrated Air Picture ( SIAP ), will be able to maximize the effects of armed UAs teamed with other assets in real...Operating Zone RSTA Reconnaissance, Surveillance and Target Acquisition SAR Synthetic Aperture Radar SIAP Standard Integrated Air Picture SDB

  7. History of the Army Ground Forces. Study Number 25. The Airborne Command and Center (United States)


    installation of external racks, voicing the opinion that the suspension of bundl,.3 from external racks would mterially affect the flying...fouled the suspension lines of parachutes, resulting in injury to the parachutist, and that the conbat boot was inferior to the parachute boot for field...and the Cushman Scooter . The product finally standardized was known as the Motorcycle, Solo, Extra Light. Development by the Indian Motorcycle Copany

  8. Assessment of Aberdeen Proving Ground - Army Contracting Command, Contract Management Processes (United States)


    Cavanagh, J. J., Lloyd, R., Logan, S., Schoenberg, A., Sochon, G., & Wheeler, E. (1999). The balanced scorecard for managing procurement (2008). The Balance Scorecard approach is presented by Niven as “a carefully selected set of quantifiable measures derived from the...contract score card developed by Cullen looks further past the balance scorecard approach by assessing an organization’s contracted functions (2009

  9. 无人反潜系统自主指挥控制研究%S tudy on Autonomous Command and Control of Unmanned Anti Submarine System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张起; 苏金涛


    无人反潜系统的指挥控制问题是关系其具备实际作战能力的主要问题之一。论文在分析无人反潜系统指控原理和其自主指控水平分级的基础上,采用可变自主控制结构,研究了无人反潜系统分级可变自主指控实现的方法。该方法可赋予无人反潜系统可变的指挥控制自主性,使其在工作环境中能够实时评估自身的自主能力,并主动引入人工干预。这种具备人机智能融合特性的自主指挥控制方法更适应无人反潜系统在复杂战场环境中实战化的需求。%It is a challenge to the command and control of Unmanned Anti Submarine System(UASS) which determines its actual combat capability .The autonomous command and control method which is hierarchical and adjustable is developed based on the autonomous command and control levels and the adjustable control framework .It makes the UASS momentarily evaluate its autonomous abilities and initiatively request assistance from humans which realizes man‐machine intelligence inte‐gration ,and no more adapts the actual combat demand of UASS in complex battlefield .

  10. Implementing UPDM to develop command and control systems

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oosthuizen, R


    Full Text Available Systems engineering is an established approach to develop systems, including complex sociotechnical systems such as Command and Control (C2) Systems. These systems often occur through introduction of a new technology into an existing system...

  11. Gesture Commanding of a Robot with EVA Gloves Project (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Gesture commanding can be applied and evaluated with NASA robot systems. Application of this input modality can improve the way crewmembers interact with robots...

  12. Distributed Command/Control Impacts on NAS Operations Project (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Command and Control (C2) activities abound in the NAS, and significantly influence daily operations and overall NAS efficiency. Since C2 effects are so prominent,...

  13. Command and Control Organizations for Network Enabled Warfare (United States)


    resistance to change A well formulated strategy with well placed leadership support can produce organizations that are flexible, adaptive and responsive to meet the command and control needs of the 21st century

  14. STS-9 commander John Young gets help adjusting headwear (United States)


    Preparing for a training session is Astronaut John Young, commander of STS-9 Young gets help with his Snoopy cap or headwear housing communications gear, while one of his five fellow crewmembers, Dr. Ulf Merbold, looks on in the background.

  15. Position Command Shaping for Vibration Suppression Considering Target Position Correction (United States)

    Yamamoto, Masafumi; Ito, Kazuaki; Iwasaki, Makoto; Matsui, Nobuyuki

    This paper presents a command shaping technique based on a minimum jerk control approach considering a target position correction during motion, for the fast and precise positioning in vibratory mechatronic systems. The positioning controller is designed by a 2-degrees-of-freedom control: a feedback compensator is synthesized by H∞ control design to ensure the robust stability, while a feedforward compensator suppresses the vibration in response based on a coprime factorization expression of the plant mechanism. The command shaping, on the other hand, eliminates the corresponding vibration components of the primary and secondary modes in the position command, where the continuity of jerk component in the command can be ensured against the target position correction. The effectiveness of the proposed shaping technique has been verified by experiments using a table drive system on machine stand.

  16. Interim Brigade Combat Team: Indirect distributive fires concepts

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gerard M Acosta; Christopher Menton


      The expectation that the Interim Brigade Combat Team will fight in a non-linear environment has forced units to develop new tactics to incorporate indirect fires to deliver rounds in a 360-degree zone...

  17. [Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge habitat improvement to combat botulism (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This documents discusses the possibilities of ditching the Upper Des Lacs lake as a means of combating botulism on the Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge.

  18. Technology to combat poaching: from the lab to the park

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ramadeen, P


    Full Text Available South Africa is home to an estimated 80% of the world's rhino population. This presentation discusses technologies to combat poaching, from laboratories to safeguard experimentation that can be taken to South African National Parks....

  19. Strategies for Combating Global Economic Crisis in Nigeria through ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    science teachers on the suggested strategies for combating global economic crisis in the country .... with what Mankiw (2001) observed that a nation's standard of living is determined ... Principles of Economics 2nd Edition fort work: Harcourt ...

  20. Role of infection control in combating antibiotic resistance | Whitelaw ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Role of infection control in combating antibiotic resistance. ... Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. ... In resource-limited settings, the costs and potential benefits of screening programmes need to be carefully weighed up.

  1. Neurologic injuries in boxing and other combat sports. (United States)

    Zazryn, Tsharni R; McCrory, Paul R; Cameron, Peter A


    Many sports have neurologic injury from incidental head contact; however, combat sports allow head contact, and a potential exists for acute and chronic neurologic injuries. Although each combat sport differs in which regions of the body can be used for contact, they are similar in competitor exposure time. Their acute injury rates are similar; thus their injuries can appropriately be considered together. Injuries of all types occur in combat sports, with injuries in between one fifth to one half of all fights in boxing, karate, and tae kwon do. Most boxing injuries are to the head and neck region. In other combat sports, the head and neck region are the second (after the lower limbs) or the first most common injury site.

  2. What It Takes. Air Force Command of Joint Operations (United States)


    Operations Center DNA Defense Nuclear Agency DoD Department of Defense DRAT Disaster Response Assessment Team ENGR engineer EPOC (United States...USEUCOM Training Transformation in Support of C2 Transformation,” briefing, September 2003, p. 6. Command Concepts 35 Center ( EPOC ).35 Contrary to...most expectations of how the SJFHQ (CE) will work, the EPOC plans to deploy only around 20 of its staff to JTF headquarters. U.S. Pacific Command

  3. Information Management for an Automated Battlefield Command and Control System (United States)


    commander’s staff can translate the characteristics of a given operational situation into the required information that its commander would need. 2.5.2...HATTELI E-COLUMbOS LAtdOHAIUMILS IALTICAL TECHiNICAL UFC I LISA ARrcT)C TEST CEN ATTN, AMSTt-PL-Tti I USA ANr,11C TESI CEN ATTN; SIEAIL-L-MI I OSA

  4. Command Analysis of End-users in Online Searching

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mu-hsuan Huan


    Full Text Available The purpose of this artic1e is to analyze the searching behavior of end-users. The subjects are real end-users from National Taiwan University. This article uses the DIALOG command language as its searching tool. It attempts to analyze the commands used in online searching environment and to provide some basic statistic data for use studies.[Article content in Chinese

  5. Command shaping for residual vibration free crane maneuvers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parker, G.G.; Petterson, B.; Dohrmann, C.; Robinett, R.D.


    Cranes used in the construction and transportation industries are generally devices with multiple degrees of freedom including variable load-line length, variable jib length (usually via a trolley), and variable boom angles. Point-to-point payload maneuvers using cranes are performed so as not to excite the spherical pendulum modes of their cable and payload assemblies. Typically, these pendulum modes, although time-varying, exhibit low frequencies. Current crane maneuvers are therefore performed slowly contributing to high construction and transportation costs. This investigation details a general method for applying command shaping to various multiple degree of freedom cranes such that the payload moves to a specified point without residual oscillation. A dynamic programming method is used for general command shaping for optimal maneuvers. Computationally, the dynamic programming approach requires order M calculations to arrive at a solution, where M is the number of discretizations of the input commands. This feature is exploited for the crane command shaping problem allowing for rapid calculation of command histories. Fast generation of commands is a necessity for practical use of command shaping for the applications described in this work. These results are compared to near-optimal solutions where the commands are linear combinations of acceleration pulse basis functions. The pulse shape is required due to hardware requirements. The weights on the basis functions are chosen as the solution to a parameter optimization problem solved using a Recursive Quadratic Programming technique. Simulation results and experimental verification for a variable load-line length rotary crane are presented using both design procedures.

  6. Embedded battle command: a vehicle systems integrator's prospective (United States)

    Frey, Terry L.; Wyrembelski, Rick J.


    This paper provides an overview of a major weapon system, the Abrams Main Battle Tank, as it relates to the integration of EMbedded Battle Command and Control element is essential to the tanks future role in the Army as they focus more on increased organizational effectiveness and less on individual platforms. The Abrams is poised to field the Abrams System Enhancement Package with its 2nd generation of Command and Control.

  7. Group Technology Assessment: U.S. Army Materiel Command. (United States)


    63120 Army Ammunition Plants: Cdr, Crane AAA, Attn: SMCCN-CO, Crane, IN 47522 Cdr, Hawthorne AAP, Attn: SMCHW-CO, Hawthorne , NV 89415 Cdr, Iowa AAP...5 INDIVIDUALS INTERVIEWED DURING ON-SITE VISITS Name/Title Organization/Location Mr. Nathaniel Scott AMCCOM-ARDC Industrial Engineer Dover, New Jersey...Rock Island, Illinois 61299 Commander U.S. Army Armament Munitions & Chemical Command Attn: AMSMC-CG (D) 0 Dover, New Jersey 07801 Mr. Nathaniel Scott

  8. Measuring Command Post Operations in a Decisive Action Training Environment (United States)


    documents. i REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE 1. REPORT DATE (dd-mm-yy) May 2017 2. REPORT TYPE Final 3. DATES COVERED (from. . . to...a CP Operations Guide with the intent of improving performance on CP Occupation, CP Operations and Follow Up Operations. Significant differences...Information, Command Post Occupation, Command Post Operations, and Follow Up Operations. Data was collected from 602 checklists from nine rotations. Six

  9. An experimental predeployment training program improves self-reported patient treatment confidence and preparedness of Army combat medics. (United States)

    Gerhardt, Robert T; Hermstad, Erik L; Oakes, Michael; Wiegert, Richard S; Oliver, Jeffrey


    To develop and assess impact of a focused review of International Trauma Life Support (ITLS) and combat casualty care with hands-on procedure training for U.S. Army medics deploying to Iraq. The setting was a U.S. Army Medical Department Center and School and Camp Eagle, Iraq. Investigators developed and implemented a command-approved prospective educational intervention with a post hoc survey. Subjects completed a three-day course with simulator and live-tissue procedure laboratories. At deployment's end, medics were surveyed for experience, confidence, and preparedness in treating various casualty severity levels. Investigators used two-tailed t-test with unequal variance for continuous data and chi-square for categorical data. Twenty-nine medics deployed. Eight completed the experimental program. Twenty-one of 25 (84%) available medics completed the survey including six of the eight (75%) experimental medics. The experimental group reported significantly greater levels of preparedness and confidence treating "minimal," "delayed," and "immediate" casualties at arrival in Iraq. These differences dissipated progressively over the time course of the deployment. This experimental program increased combat medic confidence and perceived level of preparedness in treating several patient severity levels. Further research is warranted to determine if the experimental intervention objectively improves patient care quality and translates into lives saved early in deployment.

  10. Exercise Design for the Joint Force 2020 Brigade Combat Team (United States)


    actual combat. EXERCISE DESIGN FOR THE JOINT FORCE 2020 BRIGADE COMBAT TEAM In the 21st century, we do not have the luxury of deciding...businesses, painting contractors, gas stations and garages, and auto dealerships. There should also be banks and money lenders, restaurants and cafes... hotels , internet cafes, public utilities and associated infrastructure, as well as newspapers and radio stations. In addition to the portrayal of

  11. The Effects of Combat Exposure on the Military Divorce Rate (United States)


    current marriages. The scale covers an array of issues, such as divorce, infidelity , abuse, and extended separation. The variable for measuring They also note that traumatic combat experience for the husband can have an emotional aftereffect that disrupts the emotional attachment and...with an indicator attached to each observation reflecting the year of marriage. In other words, there are five marriage cohorts (2001 to 2005). The

  12. Combating Conflict Related Sexual Violence: More Than a Stability Concern (United States)


    believed something was self evident but realized their belief was only shared in certain circles and wanted their understanding to spread to other...know about it (Enloe 2000, 111). If they fear they will be shamed, ostracized , or have a reduced chance for marriage or other life opportunities, or if...serves as communication between combatants. It communicates commitment, a sense of masculinity, and mutual esteem between combatants (Baaz and Stern

  13. A Baseline Analysis of Combat Logistics Force Scheduling Efficiency (United States)


    only cost factors analyzed for underway periods. Maintenance, personnel, food , and consumable expenses increase the costs of CLF asset’s underway...resulting in a recommendation that the Fast Combat Support Ship (AOE) be the ship of choice due to better efficiency and cost to deliver commodity to...commodity available to customers. Efficiencies were compared before and after RASP, resulting in a recommendation that the Fast Combat Support Ship (AOE

  14. Outcomes of Internal Fixation in a Combat Environment (United States)


    postoperative infection, had missed injuries. One was a closed bimalleolar ankle fracture that had the fibula fracture and syndesmosis inter- nally to describe the outcomes of fractures that were internally fixed in the combat environment. The records of patients who had internal fixation...analyzed. Forty-seven patients had internal fixation performed on 50 fractures in a combat theater hospital. Hip, forearm, and ankle fractures made up the

  15. Prevalence and patterns of combat sport related maxillofacial injuries



    Aim: This study was designed to assess the prevalence, distribution, and patterns of injury among athletes engaged in combat sports and compare the prevalence, pattern, and types of oral and maxillofacial trauma in these athletes. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 male athletes engaged in four combat sports (boxing, taekwondo, kickboxing, and Muay Thai) who had sustained bodily trauma were studied; 95 subjects with at least one traumatic injury to the face requiring treatment were referre...

  16. Prevalence and patterns of combat sport related maxillofacial injuries


    Shirani Gholamreza; Motamedi Mohammad Hosein; Ashuri Alireza; Eshkevari Pooyan


    Aim: This study was designed to assess the prevalence, distribution, and patterns of injury among athletes engaged in combat sports and compare the prevalence, pattern, and types of oral and maxillofacial trauma in these athletes. Materials and Methods: A total of 120 male athletes engaged in four combat sports (boxing, taekwondo, kickboxing, and Muay Thai) who had sustained bodily trauma were studied; 95 subjects with at least one traumatic injury to the face requiring treatment were referre...

  17. Content Analysis and the Organization of Combat Intelligence Data (United States)


    Rtstarck M«aor»4»B 78-7 CO o < CONTENT ANALYSIS AND THE ORGANIZATION OF COMBAT INTELLIGENCE DATA Murray S. Miron and Samuel W. Patten Syracuse...the Army Research Institute. y > /N u A A J^ 4 CONTENT ANALYSIS AND THE ORGANIZATION OF COMBAT INTELLIGENCE DATA \\ INTRODUCTION In order to...1966, p. 68). In content analysis , the General Inquirer functions as a well-trained clerk who assigns particular categories (specified by the

  18. Report on combating of illicit trafficking. The Illicit Trafficking Combat Project Group. January 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    . By means of spot-checks, the authority can then convince itself that the operator is fulfilling the requirements. The legislation should also impose heavy sanctions and penalties for all criminal activities related to illicit trafficking. As a direct measure to combat illicit trafficking on the national level, the State supervisory and law enforcement authorities should establish co-operation between themselves and with authorities in other countries and international organisations. Special national committees for combating illicit trafficking should be set up and should use intelligence and open sources information. Regions of States should investigate and implement joint task forces for combating illicit trafficking. Improvements on the International level by the IAEA: The IAEA should assist States in the practical implementation of measures and means for combating illicit trafficking and for the evaluation of threat scenarios. To improve that process in an efficient way, the IAEA should apply the principle of public access to information on its operations to a greater extent. Among other measures for promoting the development of more efficient tools and systems for combating illicit trafficking, the IAEA should: in assisting States, establish rules about duties and responsibilities for operators, authorities and individuals in the NPT area, through appropriate documentation; promote assistance programmes to States in consultation with NPT States, as need may be, of technical equipment and competent staff for the combating of illicit trafficking; provide experts and establish standards and procedures, across borders, for the investigation of serious cases of illicit trafficking, in consultation with national and international nuclear and law enforcement authorities and organisations; incorporate a more modern safeguards inspection technique of the national systems for accountancy and control, in accordance with standards and procedures that were intended to be

  19. Report on combating of illicit trafficking. The Illicit Trafficking Combat Project Group. January 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    . By means of spot-checks, the authority can then convince itself that the operator is fulfilling the requirements. The legislation should also impose heavy sanctions and penalties for all criminal activities related to illicit trafficking. As a direct measure to combat illicit trafficking on the national level, the State supervisory and law enforcement authorities should establish co-operation between themselves and with authorities in other countries and international organisations. Special national committees for combating illicit trafficking should be set up and should use intelligence and open sources information. Regions of States should investigate and implement joint task forces for combating illicit trafficking. Improvements on the International level by the IAEA: The IAEA should assist States in the practical implementation of measures and means for combating illicit trafficking and for the evaluation of threat scenarios. To improve that process in an efficient way, the IAEA should apply the principle of public access to information on its operations to a greater extent. Among other measures for promoting the development of more efficient tools and systems for combating illicit trafficking, the IAEA should: in assisting States, establish rules about duties and responsibilities for operators, authorities and individuals in the NPT area, through appropriate documentation; promote assistance programmes to States in consultation with NPT States, as need may be, of technical equipment and competent staff for the combating of illicit trafficking; provide experts and establish standards and procedures, across borders, for the investigation of serious cases of illicit trafficking, in consultation with national and international nuclear and law enforcement authorities and organisations; incorporate a more modern safeguards inspection technique of the national systems for accountancy and control, in accordance with standards and procedures that were intended to be

  20. Challenges and Needs Faced by Female Combat Veterans. (United States)

    Krajewski-Jaime, Elvia R; Whitehead, Markus; Kellman-Fritz, Jennifer

    This article presents findings of a study conducted to identify stressors that may contribute to mental health issues of military female veterans. Female members in the U.S. Armed Forces currently occupy more non-traditional roles; therefore deployment to combat zones, commonly reserved for males, is being taken on by females. While at the present time females serving in the military are not allowed to serve in combat occupations, the reality is that many are being placed in combat roles or environments. Consequently, many are now confronted with stressors related to combat and multiple deployments. This study was based on a descriptive, non-probability, snowball design. In cases where participants displayed a reluctance to share some information in front of counterparts who may have been at a higher or lower rank level; subsequent semi-structured, one-to-one interviews were conducted. The latter approach proved more effective in gathering important information, such as issues of military sexual trauma (MST) and issues of intimacy upon re-entering the home environment. This study was conducted before January 2013, when Defense Secretary Leon Panetta announced the lift of the ban on women serving in combat. Therefore, future studies will need to be conducted to discern how these stressors will affect them in their new role as active combatants.

  1. Suicide attempts in U.S. Army combat arms, special forces and combat medics. (United States)

    Ursano, Robert J; Kessler, Ronald C; Naifeh, James A; Mash, Holly Herberman; Fullerton, Carol S; Ng, Tsz Hin Hinz; Aliaga, Pablo A; Wynn, Gary H; Dinh, Hieu M; McCarroll, James E; Sampson, Nancy A; Kao, Tzu-Cheg; Schoenbaum, Michael; Heeringa, Steven G; Stein, Murray B


    The U.S. Army suicide attempt rate increased sharply during the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Risk may vary according to occupation, which significantly influences the stressors that soldiers experience. Using administrative data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS), we identified person-month records for all active duty Regular Army enlisted soldiers who had a medically documented suicide attempt from 2004 through 2009 (n = 9650) and an equal-probability sample of control person-months (n = 153,528). Logistic regression analyses examined the association of combat occupation (combat arms [CA], special forces [SF], combat medic [CM]) with suicide attempt, adjusting for socio-demographics, service-related characteristics, and prior mental health diagnosis. In adjusted models, the odds of attempting suicide were higher in CA (OR = 1.2 [95% CI: 1.1-1.2]) and CM (OR = 1.4 [95% CI: 1.3-1.5]), but lower in SF (OR = 0.3 [95% CI: 0.2-0.5]) compared to all other occupations. CA and CM had higher odds of suicide attempt than other occupations if never deployed (ORs = 1.1-1.5) or previously deployed (ORs = 1.2-1.3), but not when currently deployed. Occupation was associated with suicide attempt in the first ten years of service, but not beyond. In the first year of service, primarily a time of training, CM had higher odds of suicide attempt than both CA (OR = 1.4 [95% CI: 1.2-1.6]) and other occupations (OR = 1.5 [95% CI: 1.3-1.7]). Discrete-time hazard functions revealed that these occupations had distinct patterns of monthly risk during the first year of service. Military occupation can inform the understanding suicide attempt risk among soldiers.

  2. Anything But: Joint Air-Ground Training at the U.S. Army Ground Combat Training Centers (United States)


    Antis, COL Jim Dickens , and COL (Ret) Tom Snukis. If I ever become a “world class” planner, it will be a direct result of their hard work and patience...enjoyed at the National Training Center, created the Joint 89 Burge 2009. 90 Wolf, 413. 91 Wickham, GEN John A., USA, and Gen Charles A. Gabriel...part of the US Army’s rapid advance to Baghdad, that V Corps Historian Dr. Charles E. Kirkpatrick, described the effort as an “almost flawless

  3. Movable Ground Based Recovery System for Reuseable Space Flight Hardware (United States)

    Sarver, George L. (Inventor)


    A reusable space flight launch system is configured to eliminate complex descent and landing systems from the space flight hardware and move them to maneuverable ground based systems. Precision landing of the reusable space flight hardware is enabled using a simple, light weight aerodynamic device on board the flight hardware such as a parachute, and one or more translating ground based vehicles such as a hovercraft that include active speed, orientation and directional control. The ground based vehicle maneuvers itself into position beneath the descending flight hardware, matching its speed and direction and captures the flight hardware. The ground based vehicle will contain propulsion, command and GN&C functionality as well as space flight hardware landing cushioning and retaining hardware. The ground based vehicle propulsion system enables longitudinal and transverse maneuverability independent of its physical heading.

  4. Combat Fluid Resuscitation Interoperable Capability (Capacite Interoperable de Liquides de Reanimation en Situation de Combat) (United States)


    confère un avantage logistique important sur le terrain. Le médecin-chef adjoint a confirmé que les Services de santé des Forces canadiennes ( tout en conférant un avantage logistique dans des environnements de combat difficiles. De nouveaux liquides de réanimation sont nécessaires pour...l’ensemble, le PDT de la CILRC a atteint ses objectifs. Plus spécifiquement, le projet a démontré : 1) l’avantage logistique potentiel des solutions

  5. A Survey of Combat Models for Use in CARF (Combat Active Replacement Factor) Value Generation (United States)


    requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE IN CPERATIONS RESEARCH from the NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL darch 1985 Author: tv Approved by :... - n Z ...GENERATION OF A WARTIME ACTIVE REPLACEMENT FACTOR (WARF) 65 A. THE PREPROCESSER ................. 66 B. THE COMBAT SAMPLE GEERATOR (COSAGE) MODEL 66 C. THE...en -T,, , -T T L T 17, V 7777% T -T T K 97 7 Ř 7 T W 71 T 7 - Z W.; ., . 7. , II. THE CARF GENERA7ION SYSTEM TODAY The previous and current CARF

  6. Analysis of Shipborne Command and Control System Development%舰艇指挥控制系统的发展方向分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    总结了舰艇指控系统的发展历程,重点介绍了指控系统体系结构发展的四个阶段;分析了西方主要国家的先进舰艇指挥控制系统的体系架构、装备组成和系统功能等方面的技术特点,并研究了舰艇指控系统未来发展的趋势;最后提出了舰艇指控系统应在一体化跨平台体系、全维战场态势感知、智能指挥决策支持和自然人机交互几方面重点发展建议。%The development history of the shipborne command and control (C2) system is summarized .Four develop-ment stages of the system architecture are emphatically introduced .The structure ,compasition and function of the advanced shipborne command and control systems of the western countries are analysed .The future development trend of shipborne command and control system is also researched .Then it is adviced that the integrative system of multi-platform ,comprehen-sive situation awareness ,intelligentized combat decision support natural man-machine interaction need to be enhanced .

  7. Reverse genetics approaches to combat pathogenic arenaviruses. (United States)

    de la Torre, Juan C


    Several arenaviruses cause hemorrhagic fever (HF) in humans, and evidence indicates that the worldwide-distributed prototypic arenavirus lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) is a neglected human pathogen of clinical significance. Moreover, arenaviruses pose a biodefense threat. No licensed anti-arenavirus vaccines are available, and current anti-arenavirus therapy is limited to the use of ribavirin, which is only partially effective and is associated with anemia and other side effects. Therefore, it is important to develop effective vaccines and better antiviral drugs to combat the dual threats of naturally occurring and intentionally introduced arenavirus infections. The development of arenavirus reverse genetic systems is allowing investigators to conduct a detailed molecular characterization of the viral cis-acting signals and trans-acting factors that control each of the steps of the arenavirus life cycle, including RNA synthesis, packaging and budding. Knowledge derived from these studies is uncovering potential novel targets for therapeutic intervention, as well as facilitating the establishment of assays to identify and characterize candidate antiviral drugs capable of interfering with specific steps of the virus life cycle. Likewise, the ability to generate predetermined specific mutations within the arenavirus genome and analyze their phenotypic expression would significantly contribute to the elucidation of arenavirus-host interactions, including the basis of their ability to cause severe HF. This, in turn, could lead to the development of novel, potent and safe arenavirus vaccines.

  8. Combating gender based violence in Rwanda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liberata Gahongayire


    Full Text Available Gender Based Violence (GBV exists in Rwanda as in many other African societies. Efforts are being made by Governments and NGOs to curb the menace and help its victims. This study examines these efforts with particular reference to the city of Kigali in Rwanda. The study reveals the prevalence and various strategies used by government and other organisations in combating the practice of GBV. According to the study effective response to the plight of GBV victims depends on the competence and expertise of various individuals and organisations involved in giving assistance to victims. The establishment of a one-stop assistance centre for GBV services in Kigali has successfully given much needed aid to victims. The study recommends that in order to eradicate GBV all the stakeholders should utilize available resources. Logistical, economic and socio-cultural constraints should be dealt with accordingly. Above all, the judiciary has a crucial role to play. An effective judicial system is needed to curb the practice.

  9. Combating the counterfeits with web portal technology (United States)

    Ting, S. L.; Ip, W. H.


    Due to the globalisation of counterfeiting activities, the penetration of fake products in open market is growing. So far, the technologies to combat counterfeiting are mostly applied to high-value products (e.g. premium wine and branded handbags); however, in the medium- and low-value products' perspective, there is no secure way for consumers to identify whether the purchased items are genuine or not. To address the counterfeiting problems effectively, a platform for identifying authenticated products and promoting anti-counterfeit activities is very important. The aim of this paper is to design and develop an anti-counterfeit platform which includes two functions: providing customers a secure network to ascertain the genuineness of their purchased product and increasing public awareness of the current counterfeit problems and updated anti-counterfeit solutions. By combining these two functions, it enables public to fight against fake and beware of counterfeit. Results of adopting portal technology in anti-counterfeiting show high accuracy in product checking and improved creditability. This reveals that the applicability and advantage of the proposed methodology are satisfactory.

  10. Nanomaterials to Combat NO(x) Pollution. (United States)

    Balbuena, J; Cruz-Yusta, M; Sánchez, L


    The presence of NO9x) gases (NO+NO2) in the atmosphere is a major concern of society because of their associated adverse and harmful effects. In order to remove the NO(x) gases from the air, photocatalysis arises as an innovative and promising technique. Through the use of photochemical oxidation processes the NO and NO2 gases are oxidised to NO3- form and thus removed from the air. In recent years new nanomaterials are being developed by researchers with the aim to enhance their photocatalytic activity to combat the NO(x) pollution. The main focus is devoted to preparing new TiO2 based compounds with the highest specific surface area (SSA), different morphology and chemical modifications. In order to increase the SSA, different substrates were used to disperse the TiO2 nanoparticles: organic and carbon fibres, mesoporous materials, clays composites and nanoporous microparticles. In the other hand, high photocatalytic performances were obtained with nanotubes, self-orderer nano-tubular films and nanoparticles with the lowest size. Conversely, when TiO2 is doped with ions the oxide exhibited a better photocatalytic performance under visible light, which is related to the creation of intermediate energy states between the conduction band and the valence band. Alternatively, visible light photocatalysts different from titanium oxide have been studied, which exhibit a good De-NO(x) efficiency working under λ > 400 nm visible light irradiation.

  11. Combative Sports Injuries: An Edmonton Retrospective. (United States)

    Karpman, Shelby; Reid, Patrick; Phillips, Leah; Qin, Ziling; Gross, Douglas P


    Mixed martial arts (MMA) is an increasingly popular combative sport involving aggressive techniques that present substantial injury risk. We examined the incidence and types of injuries sustained in MMA fights and compared this with injuries sustained in boxing matches. Consecutive Case Series. We used data from post-fight medical examinations on all bouts in Edmonton, Canada, between 2000 and 2013. The participants were 1181 MMA competitors and 550 boxers. The attending physician conducted a mandatory post-fight examination of all fighters and documented the nature of injuries sustained. Boxers were significantly more likely not to experience injury (49.8% vs 59.4%, P < 0.001), whereas MMA fighters were significantly more likely to experience 1 injury (typically contusion/bruising, P < 0.001). Boxers were more likely to experience loss of consciousness (7.1% vs 4.2%, P = 0.01) and serious eye injury (1.1% vs 0.3%, P = 0.02). The overall injury incidence in MMA competitors appears slightly higher than for boxers, but MMA fighters experience more minor contusion/bruising injuries. Boxers are more likely to experience serious injury such as concussion/head trauma involving loss of consciousness or eye injury such as retinal detachment.

  12. Musculoskeletal injuries sustained in modern army combatives. (United States)

    Possley, Daniel R; Johnson, Anthony E


    Participation in martial arts has grown over the past 15 years with an estimated 8 million participants. In 2004, the Chief of Staff of the Army directed that all Initial Military Training soldiers receive Modern Army Combatives (MAC) training. The mechanical differences between the various martial arts styles incorporated into mixed martial arts/MAC pose challenges to the medical professional. We report the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries by Level 1 and 2 trained active duty soldiers participating in MAC over a 3-year period. From June 1, 2005 to January 1, 2009, the Orthopaedic Surgery service treated and tracked all injuries in MAC. Data was analyzed using the Chi(2) method of analysis. (p < 0.05). 155 of 1,025 soldiers presenting with MAC injuries reported inability to perform their military occupation specialty duties. The knee was most frequently injured followed by shoulder. Surgical intervention was warranted 24% of the time. Participants in MAC reported injuries severe enough to impact occupational duties at 15.5%. Surgical intervention was warranted only 24% of the time. The knee and shoulder are the most frequently injured body parts. Labral repair was the most frequent surgical procedure.

  13. Combating oil spill problem using plastic waste

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saleem, Junaid, E-mail: [Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Karachi (Pakistan); Ning, Chao; Barford, John [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon (Hong Kong); McKay, Gordon [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon (Hong Kong); Division of Sustainable Development, College of Science, Engineering and Technology, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Qatar Foundation, Doha (Qatar)


    Highlights: • Up-cycling one type of pollution i.e. plastic waste and successfully using it to combat the other type of pollution i.e. oil spill. • Synthesized oil sorbent that has extremely high oil uptake of 90 g/g after prolonged dripping of 1 h. • Synthesized porous oil sorbent film which not only facilitates in oil sorption but also increases the affinity between sorbent and oil by means of adhesion. - Abstract: Thermoplastic polymers (such as polypropylene, polyethylene, polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and high density polyethylene (HDPE)) constitute 5–15% of municipal solid waste produced across the world. A huge quantity of plastic waste is disposed of each year and is mostly either discarded in landfills or incinerated. On the other hand, the usage of synthetic polymers as oil sorbents, in particular, polyolefins, including polypropylene (PP), and polyethylene (PE) are the most commonly used oil sorbent materials mainly due to their low cost. However, they possess relatively low oil absorption capacities. In this work, we provide an innovative way to produce a value-added product such as oil-sorbent film with high practical oil uptake values in terms of g/g from waste HDPE bottles for rapid oil spill remedy.

  14. Indonesian Automatic Speech Recognition For Command Speech Controller Multimedia Player

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivien Arief Wardhany


    Full Text Available The purpose of multimedia devices development is controlling through voice. Nowdays voice that can be recognized only in English. To overcome the issue, then recognition using Indonesian language model and accousticc model and dictionary. Automatic Speech Recognizier is build using engine CMU Sphinx with modified english language to Indonesian Language database and XBMC used as the multimedia player. The experiment is using 10 volunteers testing items based on 7 commands. The volunteers is classifiedd by the genders, 5 Male & 5 female. 10 samples is taken in each command, continue with each volunteer perform 10 testing command. Each volunteer also have to try all 7 command that already provided. Based on percentage clarification table, the word “Kanan” had the most recognize with percentage 83% while “pilih” is the lowest one. The word which had the most wrong clarification is “kembali” with percentagee 67%, while the word “kanan” is the lowest one. From the result of Recognition Rate by male there are several command such as “Kembali”, “Utama”, “Atas “ and “Bawah” has the low Recognition Rate. Especially for “kembali” cannot be recognized as the command in the female voices but in male voice that command has 4% of RR this is because the command doesn’t have similar word in english near to “kembali” so the system unrecognize the command. Also for the command “Pilih” using the female voice has 80% of RR but for the male voice has only 4% of RR. This problem is mostly because of the different voice characteristic between adult male and female which male has lower voice frequencies (from 85 to 180 Hz than woman (165 to 255 Hz.The result of the experiment showed that each man had different number of recognition rate caused by the difference tone, pronunciation, and speed of speech. For further work needs to be done in order to improving the accouracy of the Indonesian Automatic Speech Recognition system

  15. Interaction of ACTN3 gene polymorphism and muscle imbalance effects on kinematic efficiency in combat sports athletes (United States)

    Lee, Namju; Park, Sok


    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the interaction of ACTN3 gene polymorphism and muscle imbalance effects on kinematic efficiency changes in combat sports athletes. [Methods] Six types of combat sports athletes (Judo, Taekwondo, boxing, kendo, wrestling, and Korean Ssi-reum) participated in the study. ATCN3 gene polymorphism and muscle imbalance in lower extremity were evaluated followed by analysis of differences of moment in hip, knee, and ankle joint during V-cut jumping and stop. To examine the moment difference due to an interaction of ATCN3 polymorphism and muscle imbalance, all participants were divided into 4 groups (R+MB, R+MIB, X+MB, and X+MIB). [Results] There was no significant difference of hip, knee, and ankle joint moment in R allele and X allele during V-cut jumping and stop based on ACTN3 gene polymorphism. Otherwise, muscle imbalance of knee moment in X-axis and ground reaction force of knee in Z-axis showed a higher significance in muscle imbalance during V-cut jumping and stop compared to muscle balance (p<0.05). In addition, joint analysis showed that muscle imbalance in X allele group had significantly higher knee moment of V-cut ground reaction force in X-axis and higher ankle moment of jumping ground reaction force in X and Z-axis compared to muscle balance with R and/or X group (p <0.05). [Conclusion] This study confirmed that muscle imbalance in lower extremity of combat athletes might induce higher risk factors of sports injury incidence than genetic factor and training might reduce the ratio of sports injury risk incidence. PMID:27508148

  16. 32 CFR 700.723 - Administration and discipline: Separate and detached command. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administration and discipline: Separate and... OFFICIAL RECORDS Commanders In Chief and Other Commanders Administration and Discipline § 700.723 Administration and discipline: Separate and detached command. Any flag or general officer in command, any...

  17. 75 FR 18824 - Federal Advisory Committee; U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group; Closed Meeting (United States)


    ..., intelligence, and policy-related issues to the Commander, U.S. Strategic Command, during the development of the... of the Secretary Federal Advisory Committee; U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group; Closed... announces that the U.S. Strategic Command Strategic Advisory Group will meet on May 6 and 7, 2010....

  18. Marshall Space Flight Center Ground Systems Development and Integration (United States)

    Wade, Gina


    Ground Systems Development and Integration performs a variety of tasks in support of the Mission Operations Laboratory (MOL) and other Center and Agency projects. These tasks include various systems engineering processes such as performing system requirements development, system architecture design, integration, verification and validation, software development, and sustaining engineering of mission operations systems that has evolved the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) into a leader in remote operations for current and future NASA space projects. The group is also responsible for developing and managing telemetry and command configuration and calibration databases. Personnel are responsible for maintaining and enhancing their disciplinary skills in the areas of project management, software engineering, software development, software process improvement, telecommunications, networking, and systems management. Domain expertise in the ground systems area is also maintained and includes detailed proficiency in the areas of real-time telemetry systems, command systems, voice, video, data networks, and mission planning systems.

  19. Environmental effects of fog oil and CS usage at the Combat Maneuver Training Center, Hohenfels, Germany

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brubaker, K.L.; Rosenblatt, D.H.; Snyder, C.T.


    In response to environmental concerns at the Combat Maneuver Training Center (CMTC), Hohenfels, Germany, the US Army 7th Army Training Command commissioned a scientific study by Argonne National Laboratory to investigate specific issues. The study involved three parts: (1) a field study to determine if fog oil and CS (a compound named after its discoverers, B.B. Carson and R.W. Stoughton) were accumulating in the CMTC environment, (2) a screening of selected soil samples for the presence of US Environmental Protection Agency priority pollutants, and (3) a literature review of the health effects of fog oil and CS, as well as a review of training practices at CMTC. No fog oil or fog oil degradation products were detected in any soil, sediment, or vegetation sample collected at CMTC. Trace quantities of one or more priority pollutants were tentatively detected in three of eight soil and sediment samples. However, the priority pollutant concentrations are so low that they pose no environmental or health hazards. No evidence of widespread or significant contamination in the training areas was found. Crucial data needed to fully evaluate both acute and chronic health effects of civilian exposures to CS at CMTC are not available. On the basis of the available literature, long-ten-n health effects in the civilian population near CMTC that could result from the use of fog oil and CS during training activities are believed to be negligible.

  20. Application of the Janus Combat Model for analysis of alternatives : a study of the operational effectiveness of the common missile as compared to the Hellfire



    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited By 2010, 100 percent of the existing stockpile of Hellfire and TOW 2A/2B missiles will reach their design shelf life. The stock of Hellfire missiles available to support Army air-to-ground combat will be depleted by 2015. Of particular interest to the Aviation community is the Comanche first unit equipped (FUE) in 2009, which will be significantly impacted by the scarcity and condition of this primary weapon. This research employs the ...

  1. The food and weight combat. A problematic fight for the elite combat sports athlete. (United States)

    Pettersson, Stefan; Pipping Ekström, Marianne; Berg, Christina M


    Weight reduction in athletes is motivated by optimisation of performance, aesthetic reasons or to achieve a pre-designated weight. Previous research has shown that dietary restraint and short term weight regulation frequently takes place among combat sports athletes such as wrestlers and judokas. The aim of this study was to explore negative experiences related to dietary strategies and weight-making practises used by elite combat sports athletes. Using semi-structured interviews, 14 Swedish national team athletes in wrestling, judo and taekwondo were asked about their dietary intake and their engagement in both long- and short-term weight regulation practises. Content analysis of the transcribed interviews, display a constant struggle regarding nutritional standpoints. Sport demands such as achieving an optimal weight and nutritional intake were considered as central in order for excellent performance. Adhering to these demands was found to be problematic however, primarily because of; (1) negative physiological responses and (2) opposing ideals of a non-sport related nature, such as the importance of the athletes to be healthy and social in their everyday lives.

  2. Projecting of process of cultivating of olympic values and valuable orientation of students youth by the eastern combat sports means

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gorbenko E. V.


    Full Text Available The application of eastern combat sports in project of the education of the students youth in grounded. In the research took part 65 people (37 males and 28 females aged 17-25 years. It was established that process of education of olympic values and those of orientation specific in some king and needs constant perfection. It is established that application of means of the eastern combat sports raises the level of self-perfection of students youth. Revealed are the most important olympic values for students (prestige, perfection, friendship. It is established that in educational process the trends to perfection of personality and enhancing efficiency of impact of the eastern combat sports weans on inspiring olympic values and values of orientation is observed. It in established that the biggest influence in the process project of inspiring olympic values of youth belongs to the contraction of the process itself of education of students youth with in determined by efficiency, success, creative approach.

  3. Patches of bare ground as a staple commodity for declining ground-foraging insectivorous farmland birds.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Schaub

    Full Text Available Conceived to combat widescale biodiversity erosion in farmland, agri-environment schemes have largely failed to deliver their promises despite massive financial support. While several common species have shown to react positively to existing measures, rare species have continued to decline in most European countries. Of particular concern is the status of insectivorous farmland birds that forage on the ground. We modelled the foraging habitat preferences of four declining insectivorous bird species (hoopoe, wryneck, woodlark, common redstart inhabiting fruit tree plantations, orchards and vineyards. All species preferred foraging in habitat mosaics consisting of patches of grass and bare ground, with an optimal, species-specific bare ground coverage of 30-70% at the foraging patch scale. In the study areas, birds thrived in intensively cultivated farmland where such ground vegetation mosaics existed. Not promoted by conventional agri-environment schemes until now, patches of bare ground should be implemented throughout grassland in order to prevent further decline of insectivorous farmland birds.

  4. Foresight for commanders: a methodology to assist planning for effects-based operations (United States)

    Davis, Paul K.; Kahan, James P.


    Looking at the battlespace as a system of systems is a cornerstone of Effects-Based Operations and a key element in the planning of such operations, and in developing the Commander's Predictive Environment. Instead of a physical battleground to be approached with weapons of force, the battlespace is an interrelated super-system of political, military, economic, social, information and infrastructure systems to be approached with diplomatic, informational, military and economic actions. A concept that has proved useful in policy arenas other than defense, such as research and development for information technology, addressing cybercrime, and providing appropriate and cost-effective health care, is foresight. In this paper, we provide an overview of how the foresight approach addresses the inherent uncertainties in planning courses of action, present a set of steps in the conduct of foresight, and then illustrate the application of foresight to a commander's decision problem. We conclude that foresight approach that we describe is consistent with current doctrinal intelligence preparation of the battlespace and operational planning, but represents an advance in that it explicitly addresses the uncertainties in the environment and planning in a way that identifies strategies that are robust over different possible ground truths. It should supplement other planning methods.

  5. Human Walk Modeled by PCPG to Control a Lower Limb Neuroprosthesis by High-Level Commands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthieu Duvinage


    Full Text Available Current active leg prostheses do not integrate the most recent advances in Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCI and bipedal robotics. Moreover, their actuators are seldom driven by the subject’s intention. This paper aims at showing a summary of our current results in the field of human gait rehabilitation. In a first prototype, the main focus was on people suffering from foot drop problems, i.e. people who are unable to lift their feet. However, current work is focusing on a full active ankle orthosis. The approach is threefold: a BCI system, a gait model and an orthosis. Thanks to the BCI system, patients are able to generate high-level commands. Typically, a command could represent a speed modification. Then, a gait model based on a programmable central pattern generator is used to generate the adequate kinematics. Finally, the orthosis is tracking this kinematics when the foot is in the air, whereas, the orthosis is mimicking a spring when the foot is on the ground.

  6. Combating multidrug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria. (United States)

    Thu, Aung Myint; Phyo, Aung Pyae; Landier, Jordi; Parker, Daniel M; Nosten, François H


    Over the past 50 years, Plasmodium falciparum has developed resistance against all antimalarial drugs used against it: chloroquine, sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine, quinine, piperaquine and mefloquine. More recently, resistance to the artemisinin derivatives and the resulting failure of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) are threatening all major gains made in malaria control. Each time resistance has developed progressively, with delayed clearance of parasites first emerging only in a few regions, increasing in prevalence and geographic range, and then ultimately resulting in the complete failure of that antimalarial. Drawing from this repeated historical chain of events, this article presents context-specific approaches for combating drug-resistant P. falciparum malaria. The approaches begin with a context of drug-sensitive parasites and focus on the prevention of the emergence of drug resistance. Next, the approaches address a scenario in which resistance has emerged and is increasing in prevalence and geographic extent, with interventions focused on disrupting transmission through vector control, early diagnosis and treatment, and the use of new combination therapies. Elimination is also presented as an approach for addressing the imminent failure of all available antimalarials. The final drug resistance context presented is one in which all available antimalarials have failed; leaving only personal protection and the use of new antimalarials (or new combinations of antimalarials) as a viable strategy for dealing with complete resistance. All effective strategies and contexts require a multipronged, holistic approach. © 2017 The Authors. The FEBS Journal published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Federation of European Biochemical Societies.

  7. Defending legitimate epidemiologic research: combating Lysenko pseudoscience. (United States)

    Enstrom, James E


    This analysis presents a detailed defense of my epidemiologic research in the May 17, 2003 British Medical Journal that found no significant relationship between environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and tobacco-related mortality. In order to defend the honesty and scientific integrity of my research, I have identified and addressed in a detailed manner several unethical and erroneous attacks on this research. Specifically, I have demonstrated that this research is not "fatally flawed," that I have not made "inappropriate use" of the underlying database, and that my findings agree with other United States results on this relationship. My research suggests, contrary to popular claims, that there is not a causal relationship between ETS and mortality in the U.S. responsible for 50,000 excess annual deaths, but rather there is a weak and inconsistent relationship. The popular claims tend to damage the credibility of epidemiology. In addition, I address the omission of my research from the 2006 Surgeon General's Report on Involuntary Smoking and the inclusion of it in a massive U.S. Department of Justice racketeering lawsuit. I refute erroneous statements made by powerful U.S. epidemiologists and activists about me and my research and I defend the funding used to conduct this research. Finally, I compare many aspect of ETS epidemiology in the U.S. with pseudoscience in the Soviet Union during the period of Trofim Denisovich Lysenko. Overall, this paper is intended to defend legitimate research against illegitimate criticism by those who have attempted to suppress and discredit it because it does not support their ideological and political agendas. Hopefully, this defense will help other scientists defend their legitimate research and combat "Lysenko pseudoscience."

  8. Command and control displays for space vehicle operations (United States)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Zetocha, Paul; Aleva, Denise


    This paper shall examine several command and control facility display architectures supporting space vehicle operations, to include TacSat 2, TacSat 3, STPSat 2, and Communications Navigation Outage Forecasting System (CNOFS), located within the Research Development Test & Evaluation Support Complex (RSC) Satellite Operations Center 97 (SOC-97) at Kirtland Air Force Base. A principal focus is to provide an understanding for the general design class of displays currently supporting space vehicle command and control, e.g., custom, commercial-off-the-shelf, or ruggedized commercial-off-the-shelf, and more specifically, what manner of display performance capabilities, e.g., active area, resolution, luminance, contrast ratio, frame/refresh rate, temperature range, shock/vibration, etc., are needed for particular aspects of space vehicle command and control. Another focus shall be to address the types of command and control functions performed for each of these systems, to include how operators interact with the displays, e.g., joystick, trackball, keyboard/mouse, as well as the kinds of information needed or displayed for each function. [Comparison with other known command and control facilities, such as Cheyenne Mountain and NORAD Operations Center, shall be made.] Future, anticipated display systems shall be discussed.

  9. Sustainability Action Planning and Initiatives at Twentynine Palms Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center (MCAGCC) (United States)


    sources by FY 2020 7.5% 11.5% 18.3% Currently at 6.2%; photovoltaic and geothermal targeted Use of petroleum products by vehicle fleets reduced 30% by... teleworking at least once per week, on a regular, recurring basis, by FY 2020 15% 21% 30% Need policy 50% of non-hazardous waste diverted from disposal...electronic products disposed in environmentally sound manner 100% 100% 100% Compliant 100% of DoD personnel and contractors who apply pesticides are


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregor Maucec


    Full Text Available The article provides for a critical overview of international and in particular EU human rights and non-discrimination frameworks relevant and applicable to unequal treatment of persons with disabilities. Having considered the contents and scope of relevant international human rights and non-discrimination provisions the author turns to the questions as to how these provisions might be exercised, who the rights holders and duty bearers would be and what the challenges of balancing different rights and needs are. The article also includes the definition of the concept of disability in the context of non-discrimination law and examines the dimensions of disability discrimination as defined in international and EU law. The author concludes that international and especially modern EU non-discrimination law establish a wide and inclusive legal framework for dealing with disability discrimination. However, the actual scope of the realization of international and European legal standards on disability discrimination in each state will depend on the consistency and effectiveness of their national implementation and on the manner of putting them into practice.

  11. Maintaining the Legal High Ground: The Legal Implications of Using Armed Force to Combat Terrorists (United States)


    2001, also demonstrated the codependent relationship between the Taliban and Usama Bin Laden’s organization. “Bin Laden could not operate his...STRIKES ON TERRORISTS In leading the campaign against terrorism, we are forging new, productive international relationships and redefining existing... relationship between the target (or lack there of) and the terrorist act was unclear. And, the failure to support the claim that the plant produced chemical

  12. Technical Challenges of the U.S. Army’s Ground Combat Vehicle Program (United States)


    GCV contractors must design for and test high road speed during the vehicle’s development. The ability of a hybrid electrical drivetrain to sustain...Bradley required heavier-duty drivetrain components because the smooth suspensions encouraged drivers to stress the mechanical limits of the drivetrain

  13. A Revolutionary Approach for the Development of Future Ground Combat System Specifications (United States)


    2012a). BlitzerTM Railgun . Retrieved May 21, 2013 from railgun General Atomics & Affiliated Companies. (2012b). Railgun ...capabilities and benefits. Retrieved May 21, 2013 from railgun - capabilities-and-benefits General Dynamics Armament and Technical

  14. A Systems Engineering Approach in Providing Air Defense Support to Ground Combat Vehicle Maneuver Forces (United States)

    2015-03-01 articles /SLAMRAAM-Dies-From-Loneliness-2- 5-2011.asp. Federation of American Scientists . 2000. “M6 Bradley Linebacker...MANPADS-under-armor (MUA) concept was adopted to provide mobile air defense to maneuver forces (Federation of American Scientists 2000). This involved... swim in water. The functional hierarchy for the Move function is shown in Figure 17. 39 Figure 17. Functional Hierarchy for F.3 Move d

  15. Policy and Policy Formulation Considerations for Incorporation of Secure Mobile Devices in USMC Ground Combat Units (United States)


    network usage and health (Office of the Department of Defense Chief Information Officer, 2012). 22 Objective c. Educate and train mobile device users...perform beyond your wildest dreams.” These two concepts are not merely part of a “feel-good” speech during a relaxing yoga session. In design...LIST OF REFERENCES Ahmed, M., & Ahamad, M. (2012). Protecting health information on mobile devices. Proceedings of the Second ACM Conference on

  16. Preliminary Geothermal Exploration at the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center, Twentynine Palms, California (United States)


    several Mesozoic orogenies, the sedimentary series was folded during the formation of low-angle thrust faults and high-angle faults. In the central and...called quartz-conductive-cooling), quartz maximum steam loss, chalcedony, a- cristobalite , {- cristobalite , and amorphous silica (Fournier, 1981). All... hydrothermal history of the area and provide an indication of the northern limit and the subsurface temperature of the geothermal resource in the Main Camp

  17. Eagle II: A prototype for multi-resolution combat modeling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Powell, D.R.; Hutchinson, J.L.


    Eagle 11 is a prototype analytic model derived from the integration of the low resolution Eagle model with the high resolution SIMNET model. This integration promises a new capability to allow for a more effective examination of proposed or existing combat systems that could not be easily evaluated using either Eagle or SIMNET alone. In essence, Eagle II becomes a multi-resolution combat model in which simulated combat units can exhibit both high and low fidelity behavior at different times during model execution. This capability allows a unit to behave in a highly manner only when required, thereby reducing the overall computational and manpower requirements for a given study. In this framework, the SIMNET portion enables a highly credible assessment of the performance of individual combat systems under consideration, encompassing both engineering performance and crew capabilities. However, when the assessment being conducted goes beyond system performance and extends to questions of force structure balance and sustainment, then SISMNET results can be used to ``calibrate`` the Eagle attrition process appropriate to the study at hand. Advancing technologies, changes in the world-wide threat, requirements for flexible response, declining defense budgets, and down-sizing of military forces motivate the development of manpower-efficient, low-cost, responsive tools for combat development studies. Eagle and SIMNET both serve as credible and useful tools. The integration of these two models promises enhanced capabilities to examine the broader, deeper, more complex battlefield of the future with higher fidelity, greater responsiveness and low overall cost.

  18. Cassini's Maneuver Automation Software (MAS) Process: How to Successfully Command 200 Navigation Maneuvers (United States)

    Yang, Genevie Velarde; Mohr, David; Kirby, Charles E.


    To keep Cassini on its complex trajectory, more than 200 orbit trim maneuvers (OTMs) have been planned from July 2004 to July 2010. With only a few days between many of these OTMs, the operations process of planning and executing the necessary commands had to be automated. The resulting Maneuver Automation Software (MAS) process minimizes the workforce required for, and maximizes the efficiency of, the maneuver design and uplink activities. The MAS process is a well-organized and logically constructed interface between Cassini's Navigation (NAV), Spacecraft Operations (SCO), and Ground Software teams. Upon delivery of an orbit determination (OD) from NAV, the MAS process can generate a maneuver design and all related uplink and verification products within 30 minutes. To date, all 112 OTMs executed by the Cassini spacecraft have been successful. MAS was even used to successfully design and execute a maneuver while the spacecraft was in safe mode.

  19. Cassini's Maneuver Automation Software (MAS) Process: How to Successfully Command 200 Navigation Maneuvers (United States)

    Yang, Genevie Velarde; Mohr, David; Kirby, Charles E.


    To keep Cassini on its complex trajectory, more than 200 orbit trim maneuvers (OTMs) have been planned from July 2004 to July 2010. With only a few days between many of these OTMs, the operations process of planning and executing the necessary commands had to be automated. The resulting Maneuver Automation Software (MAS) process minimizes the workforce required for, and maximizes the efficiency of, the maneuver design and uplink activities. The MAS process is a well-organized and logically constructed interface between Cassini's Navigation (NAV), Spacecraft Operations (SCO), and Ground Software teams. Upon delivery of an orbit determination (OD) from NAV, the MAS process can generate a maneuver design and all related uplink and verification products within 30 minutes. To date, all 112 OTMs executed by the Cassini spacecraft have been successful. MAS was even used to successfully design and execute a maneuver while the spacecraft was in safe mode.

  20. General George S. Patton, Jr: Master of Operational Battle Command. What Lasting Battle Command Lessons Can We Learn From Him? (United States)


    each soldier receive one pair of dry socks per day. It was also during this time that the Third Army had as many non battle casualties due to the...same perspective on his units in combat if he does not see them. General Patton was notorious for slipping into subordinate headquarters and simply

  1. Mission operations and command assurance - Automating an operations TQM task (United States)

    Welz, Linda; Kazz, Sheri; Potts, Sherrill; Witkowski, Mona; Bruno, Kristin


    A long-term program is in progress at JPL to reduce cost and risk of mission operations through defect prevention and error management. A major element of this program, Mission Operations and Command Assurance (MO&CA), provides a system level function on flight projects to instill quality in mission operations. MO&CA embodies the total quality management TQM principle of continuous process improvement (CPI) and uses CPI in applying automation to mission operations to reduce risk and costs. MO&CA has led efforts to apply and has implemented automation in areas that impact the daily flight project work environment including Incident Surprise Anomaly tracking and reporting; command data verification, tracking and reporting; and command support data usage. MO&CA's future work in automation will take into account that future mission operations systems must be designed to avoid increasing error through the introduction of automation, while adapting to the demands of smaller flight teams.

  2. Optimal command generation for tracking a class of discontinuous trajectories (United States)

    Weissenberger, S.


    Commands are found to drive a linear system to optimally track a class of prescribed trajectories, each of which contains a point of discontinuity. The paper focuses on the guidance problem of command generation, to be implemented in a feedforward fashion; the necessary additional control or feedback regulation structure is not studied in detail, but assumed to be provided in applications as a conventional error-feedback regulator. Solutions are found for the infinite-time problem which are optimal with respect to a quadratic performance criterion; suboptimal controls which satisfy a continuity condition are also found. The controls have applications to certain problems in aircraft guidance where command trajectories are piecewise continuous. Several examples are worked out in detail, with comparisons with conventional, nonfeedforward solutions to the problem, and a brief discussion of a simpler, suboptimal solution.

  3. Reliability Analysis and Standardization of Spacecraft Command Generation Processes (United States)

    Meshkat, Leila; Grenander, Sven; Evensen, Ken


    center dot In order to reduce commanding errors that are caused by humans, we create an approach and corresponding artifacts for standardizing the command generation process and conducting risk management during the design and assurance of such processes. center dot The literature review conducted during the standardization process revealed that very few atomic level human activities are associated with even a broad set of missions. center dot Applicable human reliability metrics for performing these atomic level tasks are available. center dot The process for building a "Periodic Table" of Command and Control Functions as well as Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) models is demonstrated. center dot The PRA models are executed using data from human reliability data banks. center dot The Periodic Table is related to the PRA models via Fault Links.

  4. Research into command, control, and communications in space construction (United States)

    Davis, Randal


    Coordinating and controlling large numbers of autonomous or semi-autonomous robot elements in a space construction activity will present problems that are very different from most command and control problems encountered in the space business. As part of our research into the feasibility of robot constructors in space, the CSC Operations Group is examining a variety of command, control, and communications (C3) issues. Two major questions being asked are: can we apply C3 techniques and technologies already developed for use in space; and are there suitable terrestrial solutions for extraterrestrial C3 problems? An overview of the control architectures, command strategies, and communications technologies that we are examining is provided and plans for simulations and demonstrations of our concepts are described.

  5. Secure Recognition of Voice-Less Commands Using Videos (United States)

    Yau, Wai Chee; Kumar, Dinesh Kant; Weghorn, Hans

    Interest in voice recognition technologies for internet applications is growing due to the flexibility of speech-based communication. The major drawback with the use of sound for internet access with computers is that the commands will be audible to other people in the vicinity. This paper examines a secure and voice-less method for recognition of speech-based commands using video without evaluating sound signals. The proposed approach represents mouth movements in the video data using 2D spatio-temporal templates (STT). Zernike moments (ZM) are computed from STT and fed into support vector machines (SVM) to be classified into one of the utterances. The experimental results demonstrate that the proposed technique produces a high accuracy of 98% in a phoneme classification task. The proposed technique is demonstrated to be invariant to global variations of illumination level. Such a system is useful for securely interpreting user commands for internet applications on mobile devices.

  6. Swing-Free Cranes via Input Shaping of Operator Commands

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Groom, Kenneth N.; Parker, Gordon G.; Robinett, Rush D.; Leban, Frank


    This paper presents an open-loop control method for suppressing payload oscillation or swing caused by operator commanded maneuvers in rotary boom cranes and the method is experimentally verified on a one-sixteenth scale model of a Hagglunds shipboard crane. The crane configuration consists of a payload mass that swings like a spherical pendulum on the end of a lift-line which is attached to a boom capable of hub rotation (slewing) and elevation (luffing). Positioning of the payload is accomplished through the hub and boom angles and the load-line length. Since the configuration of the crane affects the excitation and response of the payload, the swing control scheme must account for the varying geometry of the system. Adaptive forward path command filters are employed to remove components of the command signal which induce payload swing.

  7. Determination of Combat Readiness Line of Self-propelled Anti-aircraft Gun Unit Based on Time%基于时间的自行高炮分队战斗准备线的确定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    粟琛钧; 刘永峰; 李从利; 李宝强


    For the disadvantages of using air strikes from artillery weapons to mark by unit's combat readiness line ,the preparation time for artillery to be ready fro combat is put forward to mark the steps for battle line ,improving the speed and accuracy for commanders in decison‐marking .%针对自行高炮分队的战斗准备线以空袭兵器距炮车(或保卫目标)的距离来标示存在的不足,提出以各炮车做好射击准备所需时间来标示其逐级战斗准备线,提高自行高炮连指挥员在射击指挥中决策的速度和准确性。

  8. Comparison between a classical command law and a new advanced recovery command law in a MCB-ARS boost (United States)

    Petit, Pierre; Saint-Eve, Frédéric; Sawicki, Jean-Paul; Aillerie, Michel


    This paper focuses on an original performed command on DC-DC boosts developed for applications in the LMOPS lab for the photovoltaic energy conversion and more specifically the Photovoltaic panels connected to HVDC smart grids. This boost, commonly named MCB-ARS (Magnetically Coupled Boost with Active Recovery Switch) presents great advantages concerning the simplicity of the command on the single constitutive switch, the global efficiency and the voltage conversion ratio. A fine analysis of the losses all over the entire converter shows that losses are not distributed uniformly in the constituting components. So a previous modification described in a previous paper consisting in the conducting assistance on the power flowing intermediate diode, performed advantageously the global efficiency. The present analysis takes into account the fact that the new configuration obtained after this important improvement looks like a classical half-bridge push-pull stage and may be controlled by a twice complementary command. In that way, a comparison has been done between a natural commutation recovery diode and an assisted switch commutation driven in a push-pull mode. As attempted, the switching command laws in charge to assume the energy transfer has been compared to the classical previous system described in anterior papers, and we demonstrate in this publication that a commutation based on a push-pull command mode within the two switches of the MCB-ARS converter is possible and increases the power transfer.

  9. 指挥信息系统网络信息传输能力评估%Evaluation on information transmission ability of command information system network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王欣; 姚佩阳; 周翔翔; 张杰勇


    The information transmission ability of command information system was analyzed from the angle of uncertainty. The command information system network was divided into physical layer and logical layer, and relationships between information transmission and the layers were expounded. The effective working probability of nodes and links, time delay, logical links and physical links were taken into account. The information quantity was used to measure the uncertainty of information transmission, and then the information transmission ability of command information system was educed. The experiment was designed using combat command relationship, and influences of these factors above on information transmission ability were reflected. The experimental results show that the evaluation method take the demand of connectivity, timeliness and correctness in information transmission into consideration.%从信息传输不确定性的角度,研究了指挥信息系统网络的信息传输能力.将指挥信息系统网络分为物理层和逻辑层,阐述了信息传输与物理层、逻辑层之间的关系.考虑节点、链路的有效工作概率、时延、逻辑连接、物理连接等因素,使用自信息表示信息传输的不确定性,进而得到指挥信息系统网络的信息传输能力.结合作战指挥关系设计实验,实验结果反映了各种因素对信息传输能力的影响作用,表明所提出的方法兼顾了信息传输中的可达性、时效性和正确性需求.

  10. Ground water and energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    This national workshop on ground water and energy was conceived by the US Department of Energy's Office of Environmental Assessments. Generally, OEA needed to know what data are available on ground water, what information is still needed, and how DOE can best utilize what has already been learned. The workshop focussed on three areas: (1) ground water supply; (2) conflicts and barriers to ground water use; and (3) alternatives or solutions to the various issues relating to ground water. (ACR)

  11. Rating of Perceived Exertion for Quantification of Training and Combat Loads During Combat Sport-Specific Activities: A Short Review. (United States)

    Slimani, Maamer; Davis, Philip; Franchini, Emerson; Moalla, Wassim


    Slimani, M, Davis, P, Franchini, E, and Moalla, W. Rating of perceived exertion for quantification of training and combat loads during combat sport-specific activities: a short review. J Strength Cond Res 31(10): 2889-2902, 2017-The aim of this short review was to summarize data pertaining to the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) methods (RPE value and session-RPE) during combat sport-specific activities (i.e., competition and training) based on many factors, including contest type (i.e., official vs. simulated vs. training), combat rounds, age of participants and muscle groups, and their correlation with physiological variables (i.e., blood lactate concentration [La] and heart rate [HR]). The current review shows higher RPE in a match of mixed martial arts (MMAs) than Brazilian jiu-jitsu and kickboxing matches and during the competitive period compared with the precompetitive period. This could be explained by the longer duration of bouts, the higher percentage contribution of aerobic metabolism in MMA than other combat sports and contest type differences (simulated vs. official matches). Thus, this review found significant correlations between RPE or session-RPE, [La] and HR. Particularly, there was a stronger correlation between RPE and [La] during official striking (r = 0.81) than grappling combat sports matches (r = 0.53). In addition, a variation of correlation (moderate to large) between session-RPE and HR-based methods has been reported (i.e., Edwards' training load [r ranged between 0.58 and 0.95] and Banister training impulse [r ranged between 0.52 and 0.86]). Specifically, stronger correlation was apparent in combat sport competition that required a much higher percentage contribution of aerobic metabolism (e.g., karate) and in adult athletes than anaerobic-based combat sports (e.g., taekwondo) and young athletes, respectively. Indeed, the current review highlights that the correlations between session-RPE and HR-based methods were higher during

  12. A Survey of Approaches to the Modeling of Land Combat. (United States)


    Mexico 88002 21. Headquarters, Department of the Army Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations and Plans ATTN: DAMO-2D Washington, D. C...20310 73 22. Commander U. S. Army Concepts Analysis Agency 8120 Woodmont Avenue ATTN: MOCA -SMS (CPT Steve Shupack) Bethesda, Maryland 20014 23. Commander...U. S. Army Concepts Analysis Agency ATTN: MOCA -WG (LTC Earl Darden) 8120 Woodmont Avenue Bethesda, Maryland 20014 24. Director U. S. Army Night

  13. Mentorship: The Strategic Cost of Growing the Brigade Combat Team (United States)


    Infantry Warfighting Conference Brief (Atlanta, Georgia : U.S. Army Forces Command, 14 September 2010) 52 BIBLIOGRAPHY Ambrose, Stephen E. Ike...July-August 2001): 4. Steinberg, Alma G. and Susann M. Nourizadeh. Superior, Peer, and Subordinate Mentoring in the U.S. Army. Alexandria, VA: U.S...Conference Brief. Atlanta, Georgia : U.S. Army Forces Command, 14 September 2010. Tichy, Noel and Eli Cohen. The Leadership Engine: How Winning

  14. Respuesta orgánica en una simulación de combate Organic response to a combat simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.J. Clemente Suárez


    Full Text Available Antecedentes y objetivos: El análisis de la respuesta orgánica durante el combate es un campo de estudio poco tratado en la bibliografía específica, por ello se planteo como objetivo de este trabajo el analizar el efecto de una simulación de combate en el organismo de los combatientes. Material y Métodos: Se analizó el umbral de frecuencia crítica de fusión (UFCF como medio de detectar fatiga del sistema nervioso central (SNC, fuerza explosiva de piernas, fuerza isométrica, lactato sanguíneo y percepción subjetiva de esfuerzo en 20 combatientes antes y después de realizar una simulación de combate. Resultados: Después de la simulación los sujetos mostraron un aumento significativo (pBackground and Objectives: Analysis of organic response in combat is a bit field of study specifically studied in specific literature, for this reason the objective of this work is to analyze the effect of a combat simulation in the organism of soldiers. Material and Methods: We analyzed the critical flicker fusion frequency (CFFF as a means of detecting fatigue of central nervous system (CNS, leg explosive strength, isometric strength, blood lactate and rating of perceived exertion in 20 soldiers before and after performing a combat simulation. Results: After combat simulation, soldiers showed a significant increase (p<0,05 in lactate levels (2,57±0,62 mmol/l vs. 4,92±2,18 mmol/l and isometric strength and a decrease in legs explosive strength. CFFF values decreased, showing signs of fatigue of CNS. Conclusions: Combat simulation was highly stressful, showing signs of fatigue of the CNS, are carried out in anaerobic conditions, despite the low speed o execution, and the subjective perception of effort does not correspond to the organic response obtained. These data could use to adapting current training systems for current missions in combat zones.

  15. Some aspects of management of a command in handball

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serduyk D.G.


    Full Text Available An appropriateness and efficiency of the use of two components of management a game is considered in a handball: leadthrough of replacements and taking of minute interruptions. Such actions allow to do the game of command more guided and more disciplined. They render assistance to achievement stably of high sporting results. The leadthrough of replacements and taking of minute interruptions in a great deal depends on experience of trainer, his psychological state. Taking of minute interruption can be accompanied the series of replacements. It causes the sharp change of tactical actions of game or removal of nervousness in the actions of command.

  16. Oracle Enterprise Manager 12c command-line interface

    CERN Document Server

    Pot'Vin, Kellyn; Smith, Ray


    Oracle Enterprise Manager 12c Command-Line Interface shows how to use Enterprise Manager's powerful scripting language to automate your database administration work and save time by scripting routine tasks, and then executing those scripts across collections of databases and instances in your environment. This book is chock full of ready-made scripting examples contributed by the authors and leading members of the community. For example, you'll find scripts and examples of commands to: Remove an Enterprise Manager agent and its related targetsQuickly create administrator accounts that are ful

  17. Three dimensional visualization to support command and control

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van Slambrook, G.A.


    Virtual reality concepts are changing the way one thinks about and with computers. The concepts have already proven their potential usefulness in a broad range of applications. This research was concerned with exploring and demonstrating the utility of virtual reality in robotics and satellite command and control applications. The robotics work addressed the need to quickly build accurate graphical models of physical environments by allowing a user to interactively build a model of a remote environment by superimposing stereo graphics onto live stereo video. The satellite work addressed the fusion of multiple data sets or models into one synergistic display for more effective training, design, and command and control of satellite systems.

  18. Phoneme Based Speaker—Independent English Command Recognition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贲俊; 万旺根; 余小清


    In this paper we propose a new algorithm of phoneme based speaker-independent English command recognition and develop a speaker-independent English command recognition system. It accelerates the whole system development by using HTK (hide Markov toolkits) and Visual C + + based on the character' istics of speaker-independent speech recognition. In recognition phase we combine the confidence measures with incomplete matching, which considerably improve the quality of recognition. The recognition accuracyis increased by 4.8 % over complete matching without back-end processing when the sige of vocabulary is more than 10.

  19. Advertisement and combat calls of the glass frog Centrolene lynchi (Anura: Centrolenidae, with notes on combat and reproductive behaviors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Dautel


    Full Text Available We describe the advertisement and combat calls, combat behavior, and reproductive behavior of the glass frog Centrolene lynchi, an endemic species of the cloud forests of Ecuador. The typical advertisement call consists of a tonal note and 1–3 peaked notes, each with 1–3 pulses. Variations on this advertisement call include the addition of a short note before the tonal note, as well as the absence of the tonal note. These modifications may be similar to thedescribed call modifications of other anurans in response to the presence of conspecific females and males, potential predators and/or changes in the sound environment. Additionally, we describe the combat call emitted during previously undescribed venter-toventercombat between males. The discovery of this combat behavior is consistent with the hypothesis that venter-to-venter combat behavior is a shared derived trait of the subfamily Centroleninae. Finally, we describe male reproductive habits and development of the species, including egg attendance by males and implied male parental care.

  20. Arctic Health Research Center report no. 101: Combating mosquitoes in arctic Alaska (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report covers combating mosquitoes in Arctic Alaska. The physiology and biology of mosquitoes is discussed, followed by techniques to combated mosquitoes.

  1. Designing, Testing and Using Command, Control, Communications, Computer, and Intelligence (C4I) Systems: What Causes the Disconnects and What Can Be Done About Them? (United States)


    They consider command as the art and practice of making important decisions about how to position and operate military forces. They consider...rational people can adopt risky and irrational attitudes due to the protection offered by a degree of anonymity and surreal discussions that occur in...overview of the area of operations. JSTARS detected and monitored major enemy ground movements and helped to locate and track high-value fixed and

  2. Mass media relevance in combating insecurity in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    : Nwabueze, C.


    Full Text Available This work examines the critical role of the mass media in combating the upsurge of crime which has led to a state of insecurity in the country, especially in the North, South Eastern and South Southern parts of the country. This discourse adopts the qualitative approach in appraising the correlation between the mass media and the insecurity in Nigeria with emphasis on practical measures relevant in this direction. The recommends that journalists should be trained regularly on terrorism and conflict reporting to always keep them abreast of modern techniques that could be used in ensuring effective use of the mass media in combating insecurity in Nigeria.





    Introduction: Several studies have shown noradrenergic system hyperactivity in posttraumatic stress disorder. Four Vietnam combat veterans with chronic PTSD, prescribed prazosin ?1 adrenergic receptor antagonist reported reduction or completely elimination of combat trauma nightmares. This study prompted an open trial of prazosin for Iran & Iraq combat PTSD patients nightmares. Method: Twenty two male and married patients with chronic DSM N PTSD and combat trauma related nightmares p...

  4. Unmanned Ground Systems Roadmap (United States)


    Squad Mission Support System SOC .............................. Special Operations Command SOFC ............................ Solid Oxide Fuel Cell ...technologies may be used to match a given Use Profile: Table 5. Power Use Profiles Energy Storage Energy Harvesting Fuel Cells Engines Lead Acid...significant amount of research and development in both Government and Industry have been devoted to the areas of energy storage, fuel cells , and small


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvain Rheault


    Full Text Available En adoptant une perspective existentielle, on peut tenter d'expliquer la représentation du combat au moyen de concepts comme les positions de SOI et de L'AUTRE ainsi que les statuts de l'ÊTRE et de la CHOSE, qui, une fois combinés, définissent des domaines ontologiques. Le combat devient alors, conceptuellement, l'action de forcer une conscience à passer d'un domaine à un autre. On observe qu'en modifiant l'intensité des positions (polarisation, des statuts (hiérarchisation et des actions (dosage, on peut expliquer les variations possibles des représentations du combat. Il restera à valider la pertinence de ces concepts en multipliant les analyses.En adoptant une perspective existentielle, on peut tenter d'expliquer la représentation du combat au moyen de concepts comme les positions de SOI et de L'AUTRE ainsi que les statuts de l'ÊTRE et de la CHOSE, qui, une fois combinés, définissent des domaines ontologiques. Le combat devient alors, conceptuellement, l'action de forcer une conscience à passer d'un domaine à un autre. On observe qu'en modifiant l'intensité des positions (polarisation, des statuts (hiérarchisation et des actions (dosage, on peut expliquer les variations possibles des représentations du combat. Il restera à valider la pertinence de ces concepts en multipliant les analyses.

  6. Global Strike 2035: Considerations for Enabling Effective Command and Control (United States)


    organizational networks and databases .49 The second implication for the organizational design stems from the requirement to operate globally. To...Press, 1997. ebook Collection ( EBSCOhost ), EBSCOhost (accessed 26 November 2011). Critchlow, Robert D. “Nuclear Command and Control: Current Programs

  7. Airborne Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance: Mission Command and Centralized Control (United States)


    Ewell was the new commander of the Confederate Second Corps, having replaced the fallen Stonewall Jackson . Before the...mass of traffic moving south on the roads in the vicinity of Brehal, Gavray, and Percy . In places transport was moving bumper to bumper…the damage

  8. The Chain of Command May Be Broken--Sometimes. (United States)

    Sendor, Benjamin


    Board members should learn from two court decisions about the limits the First Amendment places on chain-of-command policies. Employees who have complaints about matters that affect the public may not be prohibited from bypassing the superintendent and coming directly to the school board. (MLF)

  9. Accelerating Academic Literacy: The Commanding English Program for Immigrant Students (United States)

    Murie, Robin; Bents, Mary


    The University of Minnesota is helping provide greater college access for students from immigrant families who must learn to negotiate a new culture and language as well as manage lives often marked by poverty and under-funded urban schools. In the University's Commanding English program, immigrant high school students study both at their high…

  10. PetroChina to Establish Command Center on Oil Dispatch

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Desin


    @@ PetroChina will install a command center on the distribution of refined oil products in 2008 to improve supply efficiency amidst oil shortage. The center with its layout designed by the China Petroleum and Petrochemical Engineering Institute has entered feasibility study, and may be put to use in August at the earliest,according to the recent reports from China news media.

  11. Commander Young removes CAP from FDF stowage locker on middeck (United States)


    Commander Young removes Crew Activity Plans (CAP) from Flight Data File (FD/FDF) modular stowage locker single tray assembly located in forward middeck locker MF28E. Window shade and filter kit on port side bulkhead and potable water tank on middeck floor appear in view. Photo was taken by Pilot Crippen with a 35mm camera.

  12. Commander Brand shaves in front of forward middeck lockers (United States)


    Commander Brand, wearing shorts, shaves in front of forward middeck lockers using personal hygiene mirror assembly (assy). Open modular locker single tray assy, Field Sequential (FS) crew cabin camera, communications kit assy mini headset (HDST) and HDST interface unit (HIU), personal hygiene kit, and meal tray assemblies appear in view.

  13. Information Security / 2002 Command & Control Research & Technology Symposium


    Buddenberg, Rex


    Approved for public display, distribution unlimited 2002 Command & Control Research & Technology Symposium, Naval Postgraduate School, Code IS/Bu, Monterey,CA,93943 Security in information systems is a complex problem. Single solutions to complex problems don't exist and matching the appropriate solution (or more accurately, a set of solutions) to a requirement is necessary.

  14. STS-112 Commander Ashby during post landing news conference (United States)


    KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, FLA. - STS-112 Commander Jeffrey Ashby is shown during the crew's post-landing briefing for the media. Mission STS-112 was the 15th assembly flight to the International Space Station, installing the S1 truss. The landing was the 60th at KSC in the history of the Shuttle program.

  15. Effects of Generalization and Specialization on the Development of Commanders (United States)


    REPORT DATE Same 16 April 19R2 13. NUMBER OF PAGES ___36 14. MONITORING AGENCY NAME & ADDRESS(if different from Controlling Office) 15. SECURITY CLASS...IV. REQU UVREM PoCI COMMAND The 1970 Study on Military Professionalism by the Army War College recommended that certain officer assignment priorities

  16. The United States Strategic Command: A Cold War Icon (United States)


    the early 1900s and secondly, politicians were having a difficult time finding a place for atomic weapons in society after WWII. Julio Douhet...Headquarters Strategic Air Command, Offutt. Nebraska. 1936 . 4 evolving from an armed forces centered concept to one where a more diverse civilian populus or

  17. Cognitive Systems Modeling and Analysis of Command and Control Systems (United States)

    Norlander, Arne


    Military operations, counter-terrorism operations and emergency response often oblige operators and commanders to operate within distributed organizations and systems for safe and effective mission accomplishment. Tactical commanders and operators frequently encounter violent threats and critical demands on cognitive capacity and reaction time. In the future they will make decisions in situations where operational and system characteristics are highly dynamic and non-linear, i.e. minor events, decisions or actions may have serious and irreversible consequences for the entire mission. Commanders and other decision makers must manage true real time properties at all levels; individual operators, stand-alone technical systems, higher-order integrated human-machine systems and joint operations forces alike. Coping with these conditions in performance assessment, system development and operational testing is a challenge for both practitioners and researchers. This paper reports on research from which the results led to a breakthrough: An integrated approach to information-centered systems analysis to support future command and control systems research development. This approach integrates several areas of research into a coherent framework, Action Control Theory (ACT). It comprises measurement techniques and methodological advances that facilitate a more accurate and deeper understanding of the operational environment, its agents, actors and effectors, generating new and updated models. This in turn generates theoretical advances. Some good examples of successful approaches are found in the research areas of cognitive systems engineering, systems theory, and psychophysiology, and in the fields of dynamic, distributed decision making and naturalistic decision making.

  18. Command and Control during Security Incidents/Emergencies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knipper, W. [NSTec


    This presentation builds on our response to events that pose, or have the potential to pose, a serious security or law enforcement risk and must be responded to and controlled in a clear a decisive fashion. We will examine some common concepts in the command and control of security-centric events.

  19. RAPID: Collaborative Commanding and Monitoring of Lunar Assets (United States)

    Torres, Recaredo J.; Mittman, David S.; Powell, Mark W.; Norris, Jeffrey S.; Joswig, Joseph C.; Crockett, Thomas M.; Abramyan, Lucy; Shams, Khawaja S.; Wallick, Michael; Allan, Mark; Hirsh, Robert


    RAPID (Robot Application Programming Interface Delegate) software utilizes highly robust technology to facilitate commanding and monitoring of lunar assets. RAPID provides the ability for intercenter communication, since these assets are developed in multiple NASA centers. RAPID is targeted at the task of lunar operations; specifically, operations that deal with robotic assets, cranes, and astronaut spacesuits, often developed at different NASA centers. RAPID allows for a uniform way to command and monitor these assets. Commands can be issued to take images, and monitoring is done via telemetry data from the asset. There are two unique features to RAPID: First, it allows any operator from any NASA center to control any NASA lunar asset, regardless of location. Second, by abstracting the native language for specific assets to a common set of messages, an operator may control and monitor any NASA lunar asset by being trained only on the use of RAPID, rather than the specific asset. RAPID is easier to use and more powerful than its predecessor, the Astronaut Interface Device (AID). Utilizing the new robust middleware, DDS (Data Distribution System), developing in RAPID has increased significantly over the old middleware. The API is built upon the Java Eclipse Platform, which combined with DDS, provides platform-independent software architecture, simplifying development of RAPID components. As RAPID continues to evolve and new messages are being designed and implemented, operators for future lunar missions will have a rich environment for commanding and monitoring assets.

  20. Detection of Botnet Command and Control Traffic in Enterprise Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burghouwt, P.


    Botnets play an important role in modern Internet-related cybercrime. A botnet consists of a group of infected computers, referred to as bots. The bots are remotely controlled and deployed in malicious activities, such as DDoS attacks, spam, and espionage. Clever design of the botnet C&C (Command an