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Sample records for groh-wargo melody thompson

  1. Memory Strategies in Writing Melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Louhivuori, Jukka

    1999-01-01

    Examines knowledge about the structure of memory in order to understand the process of writing melodies. Focuses on a study of 25 students who were asked to write two melodies using a computer. Presents the results and offers an example of the function of memory in writing melodies. (CMK)

  2. Interview with Sandra Thompson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chiung-chih

    1994-01-01

    Presents an interview of Sandra Thompson on various topics relating to the Chinese language. The interview touches on conversational data on Chinese, the lack of morphological complexity in Mandarin Chinese, and the development of Chinese functionalism. (12 references) (CK)

  3. Resilient memory for melodies: The number of intervening melodies does not influence novel melody recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herff, Steffen A; Olsen, Kirk N; Dean, Roger T

    2017-04-12

    In many memory domains, a decrease in recognition performance between the first and second presentation of an object is observed as the number of intervening items increases. However, this effect is not universal. Within the auditory domain, this form of interference has been demonstrated in word and single-note recognition, but has yet to be substantiated using relatively complex musical material such as a melody. Indeed, it is becoming clear that music shows intriguing properties when it comes to memory. This study investigated how the number of intervening items influences memory for melodies. In Experiments 1, 2, and 3, one melody was presented per trial in a continuous recognition paradigm. After each melody, participants indicated whether they had heard the melody in the experiment before by responding 'old' or 'new'. In Experiment 4, participants rated perceived familiarity for every melody without being told that melodies reoccur. In four experiments using two corpora of music, two different memory tasks, transposed and untransposed melodies, and up to 195 intervening melodies, no sign of a disruptive effect from the number of intervening melodies beyond the first was observed. We propose a new 'regenerative multiple representations' conjecture to explain why intervening items increase interference in recognition memory for most domains but not music. This conjecture makes several testable predictions and has the potential to strengthen our understanding of domain specificity in human memory, while moving one step closer to explaining the 'paradox' that is memory for melody.

  4. James E.Thompson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ When fresh-faced college graduate James Thompson,an employee of a removals firm for US military personnel stationed in Japan,lost his job in 1964,he emptied his savings account,cashed in his plane ticket back to the US,and started his own company.Thirty-four years on,Thompson's firm,Crown Worldwide,has become one of the world's largest relocation and specialist logistics firms,with offices in more than 50 countries offering a diverse portfolio of services ranging from traditional moving services to fine art transportation and wine cellaring.

  5. James R. Thompson

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    James R. Thompon served as director of the Marshall Space Flight Center from September 29, 1986 until July 6, 1989, when he was appointed as NASA Deputy Administrator. Prior to his tenure as Marshall's Director, Thompson served from March to June 1986 as the vice-chairman of the NASA task force investigating the cause of the Space Shuttle Challenger accident. He was credited with playing a significant role in returning the Space Shuttle to flight following the Challenger disaster.

  6. Milton (Milt) O. Thompson

    Science.gov (United States)

    1960-01-01

    Milton O. Thompson was hired as an aeronautical research scientist at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics' High-Speed Flight Station, Edwards, California, on March 19, 1956, becoming a research pilot in January 1958. During his 37-year career at what became the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Dryden Flight Research Center in 1976, Milt managed several research programs and flew many research flights. One of Milt's first research projects, after he became a research pilot, was a program to investigate the feasibility of obtaining substantial amounts of laminar flow on an airfoil at supersonic speeds. The testbed aircraft was an F-104 with one wing covered with a fiberglass glove that served as the test section for the experiment. Next was the Air Launched Sounding Rocket (ALSOR) research program using an F-104 with a rocket launcher installed on it. The intent of the program was to release a balloon from an air launched rocket at over 1,000,000 feet altitude (approximately 190 miles) and then measure its rate of descent to determine air density. In 1959, Thompson was assigned to the Boeing X-20 Dyna-Soar program as a pilot-consultant. The X-20 program was scheduled to launch a human into Earth orbit and recover with a horizontal ground landing. The program was canceled before construction of the vehicle began. Milt became interested in the Rogallo-wing concept, 'Parawing', for spacecraft reentry. The best way to acquire experience, of course, was by building and flying a Paraglider Research Vehicle (Paresev). After ground tows to demonstrate controllability with Milt in the cockpit, he made the first flight aloft on March 12, 1962. On August 16, 1963 Thompson became the first person to fly a lifting body, the lightweight M2-F1. The plywood and steel-tubing prototype was flown as a glider after releasing from an R4D tow plane. He flew it a total of 47 times, and also made the first five flights of the all-metal M2-F2 lifting body

  7. Distilling the underlying dimensions of tactile melodies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erp, J.B.F. van; Spapé, M.M.A.

    2003-01-01

    We created 59 tactile melodies by transforming pieces of music from the auditory domain to the vibrotactile domain. Sixteen observers judged these tactile melodies on a set of 16 characteristics such as 'melodious', 'bombastic', and 'alarming'. By using advanced multivariate statistical methods, we

  8. Characterizing chaotic melodies in automatic music composition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coca, Andrés E; Tost, Gerard O; Zhao, Liang

    2010-09-01

    In this paper, we initially present an algorithm for automatic composition of melodies using chaotic dynamical systems. Afterward, we characterize chaotic music in a comprehensive way as comprising three perspectives: musical discrimination, dynamical influence on musical features, and musical perception. With respect to the first perspective, the coherence between generated chaotic melodies (continuous as well as discrete chaotic melodies) and a set of classical reference melodies is characterized by statistical descriptors and melodic measures. The significant differences among the three types of melodies are determined by discriminant analysis. Regarding the second perspective, the influence of dynamical features of chaotic attractors, e.g., Lyapunov exponent, Hurst coefficient, and correlation dimension, on melodic features is determined by canonical correlation analysis. The last perspective is related to perception of originality, complexity, and degree of melodiousness (Euler's gradus suavitatis) of chaotic and classical melodies by nonparametric statistical tests.

  9. Characterizing chaotic melodies in automatic music composition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coca, Andrés E.; Tost, Gerard O.; Zhao, Liang

    2010-09-01

    In this paper, we initially present an algorithm for automatic composition of melodies using chaotic dynamical systems. Afterward, we characterize chaotic music in a comprehensive way as comprising three perspectives: musical discrimination, dynamical influence on musical features, and musical perception. With respect to the first perspective, the coherence between generated chaotic melodies (continuous as well as discrete chaotic melodies) and a set of classical reference melodies is characterized by statistical descriptors and melodic measures. The significant differences among the three types of melodies are determined by discriminant analysis. Regarding the second perspective, the influence of dynamical features of chaotic attractors, e.g., Lyapunov exponent, Hurst coefficient, and correlation dimension, on melodic features is determined by canonical correlation analysis. The last perspective is related to perception of originality, complexity, and degree of melodiousness (Euler's gradus suavitatis) of chaotic and classical melodies by nonparametric statistical tests.

  10. Expectancy effects in memory for melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmuckler, M A

    1997-12-01

    Two experiments explored the relation between melodic expectancy and melodic memory. In Experiment 1, listeners rated the degree to which different endings confirmed their expectations for a set of melodies. After providing these expectancy ratings, listeners received a recognition memory test in which they discriminated previously heard melodies from new melodies. Recognition memory in this task positively correlated with perceived expectancy, and was related to the estimated tonal coherence of these melodies. Experiment 2 extended these results, demonstrating better recognition memory for high expectancy melodies, relative to medium and low expectancy melodies. This experiment also observed asymmetrical memory confusions as a function of perceived expectancy. These findings fit with a model of musical memory in which schematically central events are better remembered than schematically peripheral events.

  11. Still Reading Edward P. Thompson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Hernández Sandoica

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available During the final decades of the 20th century, the reading of the works of E.P. Thompson was a necessary exercise for many historians. The object of these reflections, starting from the changes occurred in historiography, is to assert its force as a historian and to reiterate its status of “classic”.

  12. TOP 10 Forever Cartoon Melody

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高艺

    2003-01-01

    当纠缠人心的画面逐渐隐去,为何我的双耳还萦绕着挥之不去的旋律?记忆里的动漫Melody,总是如此轻易地占据我的悲喜,左右我的思绪,如果只能选10首Best of Best,我会把赞美献给以下这些作品,今天它们是我的Forever Love,明天也许就是你的Everlasting Dream。

  13. Automatic Melody Generation System with Extraction Feature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ida, Kenichi; Kozuki, Shinichi

    In this paper, we propose the melody generation system with the analysis result of an existing melody. In addition, we introduce the device that takes user's favor in the system. The melody generation is done by pitch's being arranged best on the given rhythm. The best standard is decided by using the feature element extracted from existing music by proposed method. Moreover, user's favor is reflected in the best standard by operating some of the feature element in users. And, GA optimizes the pitch array based on the standard, and achieves the system.

  14. Articulation effects in melody recognition memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wee Hun Lim, Stephen; Goh, Winston D

    2013-09-01

    Various surface features-timbre, tempo, and pitch-influence melody recognition memory, but articulation format effects, if any, remain unknown. For the first time, these effects were examined. In Experiment 1, melodies that remained in the same, or appeared in a different but similar, articulation format from study to test were recognized better than were melodies that were presented in a distinct format at test. A similar articulation format adequately induced matching processes to enhance recognition. Experiment 2 revealed that melodies rated as perceptually dissimilar on the basis of the location of the articulation mismatch did not impair recognition performance, suggesting an important boundary condition for articulation format effects on memory recognition-the matching of the memory trace and recognition probe may depend more on the overall proportion, rather than the temporal location, of the mismatch. The present findings are discussed in terms of a global matching advantage hypothesis.

  15. Donald O. Thompson: A remembrance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Achenbach, J. D.; Alers, G.; Schmerr, Lester W., Jr.; Bond, Leonard J.

    2014-02-01

    This paper was developed from the remarks delivered to honor Don Thompson by the banquet speakers at the 40th QNDE meeting, July 2013. Don died peacefully at his home just days later on July 29th after a two year battle with cancer. "Don was a tenacious fighter for what he believed in, and his vision and perseverance did much to establish NDE in both the US and wider global R&D community. He will be greatly missed by his many friends and colleagues in the NDE community".

  16. Intraoperative value of the thompson test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuttica, Daniel J; Hyer, Christopher F; Berlet, Gregory C

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to assess the validity of the Thompson sign and determine whether the deep flexors of the foot can produce a falsely intact Achilles tendon.Ten unmatched above-the-knee lower extremity cadaveric specimens were studied. In group 1, the Achilles tendon was sectioned into 25% increments. The Thompson maneuver was performed after each sequential sectioning of the Achilles tendon, including after it had been completely sectioned. If the Thompson sign was still intact after complete release of the Achilles tendon, we proceeded to release the tendon, and tendon flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, and posterior tibial tendons. The Thompson test was performed after the release of each tendon. In group 2, the tendon releases were performed in a reverse order to that of group 1, with the Thompson test performed after each release. In group 1, the Thompson sign remained intact in all specimens after sectioning of 25%, 50%, and 75% of the tendon. After complete (100%) release of the tendon, the Thompson sign was absent in all specimens. In group 2, the Thompson sign remained intact after sectioning of the posterior tibial, flexor digitorum longus, and flexor hallucis longus tendons in all specimens. The Thompson sign remained intact in all specimens after sectioning of 25%, 50%, and 75% of the Achilles tendon. After complete release of the tendon, the Thompson sign was absent in all specimens.The Thompson test is an accurate clinical test for diagnosing complete Achilles tendon ruptures. However, it might not be a useful test for diagnosing partial Achilles tendon ruptures. Our findings also call into question the usefulness of the Thompson test in the intraoperative setting.

  17. Analytical aspects of the Thompson Groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Kristian Knudsen

    In this thesis we study various analytic aspects of the Thompson groups, severalof them related to amenability. In joint work with Uffe Haagerup, we provethat the Thompson groups T and V are not inner amenable, and give a criteria fornon-amenability of the Thompson group F. More precisely, we prove...... that F isnon-amenable if the reduced group C'-algebra of T is simple. Whilst doing so,we investigate the C'-algebras generated by the image of the Thompson groupsin the Cuntz algebra ∂2 via a representation discovered by Nekrashevych. Basedon this, we obtain new equivalent conditions to F being non......-parameter families of representations of the Thompson group F onthe Hilbert space L2([0; 1];m), where m denotes the Lebesgue measure, and weinvestigate when these are irreducible and mutually inequivalent. In addition,we exhibit a particular family of such representations, depending on parameterss ∈ R and p ∈ (0; 1...

  18. Pianists exhibit enhanced memory for vocal melodies but not piano melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Michael W; Vanzella, Patrícia; Schellenberg, E Glenn; Trehub, Sandra E

    2015-01-01

    Nonmusicians remember vocal melodies (i.e., sung to la la) better than instrumental melodies. If greater exposure to the voice contributes to those effects, then long-term experience with instrumental timbres should elicit instrument-specific advantages. Here we evaluate this hypothesis by comparing pianists with other musicians and nonmusicians. We also evaluate the possibility that absolute pitch (AP), which involves exceptional memory for isolated pitches, influences melodic memory. Participants heard 24 melodies played in four timbres (voice, piano, banjo, marimba) and were subsequently required to distinguish the melodies heard previously from 24 novel melodies presented in the same timbres. Musicians performed better than nonmusicians, but both groups showed a comparable memory advantage for vocal melodies. Moreover, pianists performed no better on melodies played on piano than on other instruments, and AP musicians performed no differently than non-AP musicians. The findings confirm the robust nature of the voice advantage and rule out explanations based on familiarity, practice, and motor representations.

  19. Effect of rhythmic attention on the segregation of interleaved melodies

    OpenAIRE

    Devergie, Aymeric; Grimault, Nicolas; Tillmann, Barbara; Berthommier, Frédéric

    2010-01-01

    International audience; As previously suggested, attention may increase segregation via enhancement and suppression sensory mechanisms. To test this hypothesis, we proposed an interleaved melody paradigm with two rhythm conditions applied to familiar target melodies and unfamiliar distractor melodies sharing pitch and timbre properties. When rhythms of both target and distractor were irregular, target melodies were identified above chance level. A sensory enhancement mechanism guided by liste...

  20. Effects of Music Notation Reinforcement on Aural Memory for Melodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buonviri, Nathan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of music notation reinforcement on aural memory for melodies. Participants were 41 undergraduate and graduate music majors in a within-subjects design. Experimental trials tested melodic memory through a sequence of target melodies, distraction melodies, and matched and unmatched answer choices.…

  1. Effects of Music Notation Reinforcement on Aural Memory for Melodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buonviri, Nathan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of music notation reinforcement on aural memory for melodies. Participants were 41 undergraduate and graduate music majors in a within-subjects design. Experimental trials tested melodic memory through a sequence of target melodies, distraction melodies, and matched and unmatched answer choices.…

  2. Melody discrimination and protein fold classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert P. Bywater

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available One of the greatest challenges in theoretical biophysics and bioinformatics is the identification of protein folds from sequence data. This can be regarded as a pattern recognition problem. In this paper we report the use of a melody generation software where the inputs are derived from calculations of evolutionary information, secondary structure, flexibility, hydropathy and solvent accessibility from multiple sequence alignment data. The melodies so generated are derived from the sequence, and by inference, of the fold, in ways that give each fold a sound representation that may facilitate analysis, recognition, or comparison with other sequences.

  3. Melody Track Selection Using Discriminative Language Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xiao; Li, Ming; Suo, Hongbin; Yan, Yonghong

    In this letter we focus on the task of selecting the melody track from a polyphonic MIDI file. Based on the intuition that music and language are similar in many aspects, we solve the selection problem by introducing an n-gram language model to learn the melody co-occurrence patterns in a statistical manner and determine the melodic degree of a given MIDI track. Furthermore, we propose the idea of using background model and posterior probability criteria to make modeling more discriminative. In the evaluation, the achieved 81.6% correct rate indicates the feasibility of our approach.

  4. Functional Generation of Harmony and Melody

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Magalhães, José Pedro; Koops, Hendrik Vincent

    2014-01-01

    We present FCOMP, a system for automatic generation of harmony and accompanying melody. Building on previous work on functional modelling of musical harmony, FCOMP first creates a foundational harmony by generating random (but user-guided) values of a datatype that encodes the rules of tonal harmony

  5. Multi-strategy Segmentation of Melodies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rodríguez López, M.E.; Volk, Anja; Bountouridis, D.

    2014-01-01

    Melodic segmentation is a fundamental yet unsolved problem in automatic music processing. At present most melody segmentation models rely on a ‘single strategy’ (i.e. they model a single perceptual segmentation cue). However, cognitive studies suggest that multiple cues need to be considered. In thi

  6. Comparing repetition-based melody segmentation models

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rodríguez López, M.E.; de Haas, Bas; Volk, Anja

    2014-01-01

    This paper reports on a comparative study of computational melody segmentation models based on repetition detection. For the comparison we implemented five repetition-based segmentation models, and subsequently evaluated their capacity to automatically find melodic phrase boundaries in a corpus of 2

  7. Mandarin melody recognition by pediatric cochlear implant recipients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsiao, Feilin

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the ability of children with implants who speak Mandarin Chinese, a tonal language, to recognize familiar melodies. It further examined the relative contributions of pitch, rhythm, and lyrics to melody recognition. Two groups of participants (ages 7-15; n = 20 for each group), those with cochlear implants and those with typical hearing, listened to 2 sets (traditional Mandarin children's songs and children's songs from Western cultures translated into Mandarin) of three melodies. These melodies were presented in 3 conditions: (a) melodic contour only (pitches in equal durations); (b) melodic contour with rhythmic patterns; and (c) melodic contour with rhythmic patterns and lyrics. The results indicated that pediatric cochlear implant recipients performed with greater accuracy in melody recognition when lyrics were available. Their scores were significantly lower when melodies containing only pitch features. Providing the rhythmic patterns aided participants' identification of the target melodies, but less so than the lyrics. Applications of findings to aural rehabilitation are discussed.

  8. Remembering the melody and timbre, forgetting the key and tempo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schellenberg, E Glenn; Habashi, Peter

    2015-10-01

    The identity of a melody is independent of surface features such as key (pitch level), tempo (speed), and timbre (musical instrument). We examined the duration of memory for melodies (tunes) and whether such memory is affected by changes in key, tempo, or timbre. After listening to previously unfamiliar melodies twice, participants provided recognition ratings for the same (old) melodies as well as for an equal number of new melodies. The delay between initial exposure and test was 10 min, 1 day, or 1 week. In Experiment 1, half of the old melodies were transposed by six semitones or shifted in tempo by 64 beats per minute. In Experiment 2, half of the old melodies were changed in timbre (piano to saxophone, or vice versa). In both experiments, listeners remembered the melodies, and there was no forgetting over the course of a week. Changing the key or tempo from exposure to test had a detrimental impact on recognition after 10 min and 1 day, but not after 1 week. Changing the timbre affected recognition negatively after all three delays. Mental representations of unfamiliar melodies appear to be consolidated after only two presentations. These representations include surface information unrelated to a melody's identity, although information about key and tempo fades at a faster rate than information about timbre.

  9. The Brain Network Underpinning Novel Melody Creation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhikari, Bhim M; Norgaard, Martin; Quinn, Kristen M; Ampudia, Jenine; Squirek, Justin; Dhamala, Mukesh

    2016-12-01

    Musical improvisation offers an excellent experimental paradigm for the study of real-time human creativity. It involves moment-to-moment decision-making, monitoring of one's performance, and utilizing external feedback to spontaneously create new melodies or variations on a melody. Recent neuroimaging studies have begun to study the brain activity during musical improvisation, aiming to unlock the mystery of human creativity. What brain resources come together and how these are utilized during musical improvisation are not well understood. To help answer these questions, we recorded electroencephalography (EEG) signals from 19 experienced musicians while they played or imagined short isochronous learned melodies and improvised on those learned melodies. These four conditions (Play-Prelearned, Play-Improvised, Imagine-Prelearned, Imagine-Improvised) were randomly interspersed in a total of 300 trials per participant. From the sensor-level EEG, we found that there were power differences in the alpha (8-12 Hz) and beta (13-30 Hz) bands in separate clusters of frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital electrodes. Using EEG source localization and dipole modeling methods for task-related signals, we identified the locations and network activities of five sources: the left superior frontal gyrus (L SFG), supplementary motor area (SMA), left inferior parietal lobule (L IPL), right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and right superior temporal gyrus. During improvisation, the network activity between L SFG, SMA, and L IPL was significantly less than during the prelearned conditions. Our results support the general idea that attenuated cognitive control facilitates the production of creative output.

  10. Effect of rhythmic attention on the segregation of interleaved melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devergie, Aymeric; Grimault, Nicolas; Tillmann, Barbara; Berthommier, Frédéric

    2010-07-01

    As previously suggested, attention may increase segregation via enhancement and suppression sensory mechanisms. To test this hypothesis, we proposed an interleaved melody paradigm with two rhythm conditions applied to familiar target melodies and unfamiliar distractor melodies sharing pitch and timbre properties. When rhythms of both target and distractor were irregular, target melodies were identified above chance level. A sensory enhancement mechanism guided by listeners' knowledge may have helped to extract targets from the interleaved sequence. When the distractor was rhythmically regular, performance was increased, suggesting that the distractor may have been suppressed by a sensory suppression mechanism.

  11. Gus Grissom & Milt Thompson With Paresev

    Science.gov (United States)

    1962-01-01

    The Paresev 1-A standing Rogers Dry Lakebed at the NASA Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. Mercury Astronaut Gus Grissom is at left and NASA test pilot Milton Thompson is at right. The Paresev evaluated a potential replacement for parachutes used on spacecraft. The Paresev was steerable and was evaluated for use on the Gemini spacecraft. The idea was not workable, however.

  12. A Reply? A Response to Penny Thompson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doble, Peter

    2007-01-01

    Penny Thompson's "reply" to the author's article (Doble, 2005) briefly tells readers that for an answer to some of the author's queries, readers may turn to her book; for the rest, she proposes to take "the argument" further. One of the problems with her earlier article was that it had no discernible argument, so it is not easy to see how it may…

  13. El discurso intelectual de E. P. Thompson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo C. León

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo presenta un análisis exploratorio de las estrategias narrativas en el trabajode E. P. Thompson, especialmente en obras como The Making of the English Working Class y Miseria de la teoría. Esto es desarrollado en el marco de una historiografíac

  14. Memory for Melody: Infants Use a Relative Pitch Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plantinga, Judy; Trainor, Laurel J.

    2005-01-01

    Pitch perception is fundamental to melody in music and prosody in speech. Unlike many animals, the vast majority of human adults store melodic information primarily in terms of relative not absolute pitch, and readily recognize a melody whether rendered in a high or a low pitch range. We show that at 6 months infants are also primarily relative…

  15. Memory for Melody: Infants Use a Relative Pitch Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plantinga, Judy; Trainor, Laurel J.

    2005-01-01

    Pitch perception is fundamental to melody in music and prosody in speech. Unlike many animals, the vast majority of human adults store melodic information primarily in terms of relative not absolute pitch, and readily recognize a melody whether rendered in a high or a low pitch range. We show that at 6 months infants are also primarily relative…

  16. Dynamic melody recognition: distinctiveness and the role of musical expertise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bailes, Freya

    2010-07-01

    The hypothesis that melodies are recognized at moments when they exhibit a distinctive musical pattern was tested. In a melody recognition experiment, point-of-recognition (POR) data were gathered from 32 listeners (16 musicians and 16 nonmusicians) judging 120 melodies. A series of models of melody recognition were developed, resulting from a stepwise multiple regression of two classes of information relating to melodic familiarity and melodic distinctiveness. Melodic distinctiveness measures were assembled through statistical analyses of over 15,000 Western themes and melodies. A significant model, explaining 85% of the variance, entered measures primarily of timing distinctiveness and pitch distinctiveness, but excluding familiarity, as predictors of POR. Differences between nonmusician and musician models suggest a processing shift from momentary to accumulated information with increased exposure to music. Supplemental materials for this article may be downloaded from http://mc.psychonomic-journals.org/content/supplemental.

  17. The Phonetics and Phonology of the Polish Calling Melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arvaniti, Amalia; Żygis, Marzena; Jaskuła, Marek

    2016-01-01

    Two calling melodies of Polish were investigated, the routine call, used to call someone for an everyday reason, and the urgent call, which conveys disapproval of the addressee's actions. A Discourse Completion Task was used to elicit the two melodies from Polish speakers using twelve names from one to four syllables long; there were three names per syllable count, and speakers produced three tokens of each name with each melody. The results, based on eleven speakers, show that the routine calling melody consists of a low F0 stretch followed by a rise-fall-rise; the urgent calling melody, on the other hand, is a simple rise-fall. Systematic differences were found in the scaling and alignment of tonal targets: the routine call showed late alignment of the accentual pitch peak, and in most instances lower scaling of targets. The accented vowel was also affected, being overall louder in the urgent call. Based on the data and comparisons with other Polish melodies, we analyze the routine call as LH* !H-H% and the urgent call as H* L-L%. We discuss the results and our analysis in light of recent findings on calling melodies in other languages, and explore their repercussions for intonational phonology and the modeling of intonation. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  18. Isomorphisms of Brin-Higman-Thompson groups

    CERN Document Server

    Dicks, Warren

    2011-01-01

    Let $m,\\,m',\\,r,\\, r',t,\\,t'$ be positive integers with $r,\\,r' \\ge 2$. Let $\\L_r$ denote the ring that is universal with an invertible $1{\\times}r$ matrix. Let $\\Mat{m}(\\,\\L_r^{\\otimes t})$ denote the ring of $m \\times m$ matrices over the tensor product of $t$ copies of $\\L_r$. In a natural way, $\\Mat{m}(\\,\\L_r^{\\otimes t})$ is a partially ordered ring with involution. Let $\\PU{m}(\\,\\L_r^{\\otimes t})$ denote the group of positive unitary elements. We show that $\\PU{m}(\\mkern2mu\\L_r^{\\otimes t})$ is isomorphic to the Brin-Higman-Thompson group $t V_{r,m}$; the case $t{\\,=\\,}1$ was found by Pardo, that is, $\\PU{m}(\\,\\L_r)$ is isomorphic to the Higman-Thompson group $V_{r,m}$. We survey arguments of Abrams, \\'Anh, Bleak, Brin, Higman, Lanoue, Pardo, and Thompson that prove that $t' V_{r',m'}\\iso t V_{r,m} $ if and only if $r'{\\,=\\,}r$, $t'{\\,=\\,}t$ and $ \\gcd(m',r'{-}1) = \\gcd(m,r{-}1)$ \\,\\,(if and only if $\\Mat{m'}(\\,\\L_{r'}^{\\otimes t'})$ and $\\Mat{m}(\\L_r^{\\otimes t})$ are isomorphic as partially ordered ri...

  19. Right parietal cortex mediates recognition memory for melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaal, Nora K; Javadi, Amir-Homayoun; Halpern, Andrea R; Pollok, Bettina; Banissy, Michael J

    2015-07-01

    Functional brain imaging studies have highlighted the significance of right-lateralized temporal, frontal and parietal brain areas for memory for melodies. The present study investigated the involvement of bilateral posterior parietal cortices (PPCs) for the recognition memory of melodies using transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). Participants performed a recognition task before and after tDCS. The task included an encoding phase (12 melodies), a retention period, as well as a recognition phase (24 melodies). Experiment 1 revealed that anodal tDCS over the right PPC led to a deterioration of overall memory performance compared with sham. Experiment 2 confirmed the results of Experiment 1 and further showed that anodal tDCS over the left PPC did not show a modulatory effect on memory task performance, indicating a right lateralization for musical memory. Furthermore, both experiments revealed that the decline in memory for melodies can be traced back to an interference of anodal stimulation on the recollection process (remember judgements) rather than to familiarity judgements. Taken together, this study revealed a causal involvement of the right PPC for memory for melodies and demonstrated a key role for this brain region in the recollection process of the memory task. © 2015 The Authors. European Journal of Neuroscience published by Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  20. Dissociable systems of working memory for rhythm and melody.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jerde, Trenton A; Childs, Stephanie K; Handy, Sarah T; Nagode, Jennifer C; Pardo, José V

    2011-08-15

    Specialized neural systems are engaged by the rhythmic and melodic components of music. Here, we used PET to measure regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in a working memory task for sequences of rhythms and melodies, which were presented in separate blocks. Healthy subjects, without musical training, judged whether a target rhythm or melody was identical to a series of subsequently presented rhythms or melodies. When contrasted with passive listening to rhythms, working memory for rhythm activated the cerebellar hemispheres and vermis, right anterior insular cortex, and left anterior cingulate gyrus. These areas were not activated in a contrast between passive listening to rhythms and a non-auditory control, indicating their role in the temporal processing that was specific to working memory for rhythm. The contrast between working memory for melody and passive listening to melodies activated mainly a right-hemisphere network of frontal, parietal, and temporal cortices: areas involved in pitch processing and auditory working memory. Overall, these results demonstrate that rhythm and melody have unique neural signatures not only in the early stages of auditory processing, but also at the higher cognitive level of working memory.

  1. Newborns' cry melody is shaped by their native language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mampe, Birgit; Friederici, Angela D; Christophe, Anne; Wermke, Kathleen

    2009-12-15

    Human fetuses are able to memorize auditory stimuli from the external world by the last trimester of pregnancy, with a particular sensitivity to melody contour in both music and language. Newborns prefer their mother's voice over other voices and perceive the emotional content of messages conveyed via intonation contours in maternal speech ("motherese"). Their perceptual preference for the surrounding language and their ability to distinguish between prosodically different languages and pitch changes are based on prosodic information, primarily melody. Adult-like processing of pitch intervals allows newborns to appreciate musical melodies and emotional and linguistic prosody. Although prenatal exposure to native-language prosody influences newborns' perception, the surrounding language affects sound production apparently much later. Here, we analyzed the crying patterns of 30 French and 30 German newborns with respect to their melody and intensity contours. The French group preferentially produced cries with a rising melody contour, whereas the German group preferentially produced falling contours. The data show an influence of the surrounding speech prosody on newborns' cry melody, possibly via vocal learning based on biological predispositions.

  2. Both happy and sad melodies modulate tonic human heat pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Huixuan; Chen, Andrew C N

    2009-09-01

    The mechanism of music effects on pain perception remains to be elucidated. To determine which component (mood or valence) of music is more important in music-induced hypoalgesia, we compared the effects of 2 melodies with different moods (happy vs sad) but with the same degree of valence (pleasant vs unpleasant) to an affective neutral lecture and a control (baseline) on the objective and subjective responses to tonic heat pain. Our hypothesis was that if mood was the key component, the happy melody would reduce pain, whereas the sad one would exacerbate pain; and if valence is the key component, the 2 melodies would both alleviate pain. Twenty females participated in this study which consisted of 4 conditions (baseline, happy melody, sad melody, and lecture). Pain tolerance time (PTT), pain intensity, and distress dynamics and the characteristics of pain were measured. A newly devised multiple affective rating scale (MARS) was employed to assess the subjective experience of auditory perception. Both happy and sad melodies of equal valence resulted in significant lower pain ratings during the pain test and were in contrast to the mood prediction. These results indicate that the valence of music, rather than the mood it induced, appears to be the most likely mediator of the hypoalgesic effect of the different music. This article provides new evidence that the valence of music is more crucial than mood in affective pain modulation. This finding gives impetus for health professionals to manage pain more effectively in patients with proper music.

  3. Free products in R. Thompson's group V

    CERN Document Server

    Bleak, Collin

    2009-01-01

    We investigate free product structures in R. Thompson's group V, primarily by studying the topological dynamics associated with V's action on the Cantor Set. We show that the class of free products which can be embedded into V includes the free product of any two finite groups, the free product of any finite group with Q/Z, and the countable non-abelian free groups. We also show the somewhat surprising result that Z^2*Z does not embed in V, even though V has many embedded copies of Z^2 and has many embedded copies of free products of pairs of its subgroups.

  4. Thompson Sampling: An Optimal Finite Time Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Kaufmann, Emilie; Munos, Rémi

    2012-01-01

    The question of the optimality of Thompson Sampling for solving the stochastic multi-armed bandit problem had been open since 1933. In this paper we answer it positively for the case of Bernoulli rewards by providing the first finite-time analysis that matches the asymptotic rate given in the Lai and Robbins lower bound for the cumulative regret. The proof is accompanied by a numerical comparison with other optimal policies, experiments that have been lacking in the literature until now for the Bernoulli case.

  5. Aeronautical Research Engineer Milt Thompson computing data

    Science.gov (United States)

    1956-01-01

    Milton O. Thompson was hired as an engineer at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics' High-Speed Flight Station (later renamed the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Dryden Flight Research Center) on March 19, 1956. In 1958 he became a research pilot, but in this photo Milt is working on data from another pilot's research flight. Thompson began flying with the U.S. Navy as a pilot trainee at the age of 19. He subsequently served during World War II, with duty in China and Japan. Following six years of active naval service, he entered the University of Washington, in Seattle, Washington. Milt graduated in 1953 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Engineering. He remained in the Naval Reserves during college, and continued flying--not only naval aircraft but crop dusters and forest-spraying aircraft. After college graduation, Milt became a flight test engineer for the Boeing Aircraft Company in Seattle, where he was employed for two years before coming to the High-Speed Flight Station.

  6. Telescopes in Education: the Little Thompson Observatory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweitzer, A. E.; Melsheimer, T. T.

    2003-12-01

    The Little Thompson Observatory is the first community-built observatory that is part of a high school and accessible to other schools remotely, via the Internet. This observatory is the second member of the Telescopes in Education (TIE) project. Construction of the building was done completely by volunteer labor, and first light occurred in May 1999. The observatory is located on the grounds of Berthoud High School in northern Colorado. We are grateful to have received an IDEAS grant to provide teacher training workshops for K-12 schools to make use of the observatory, including remote observing from classrooms. Students connect to the observatory over the Internet, and then receive the images back on their local computers. A committee of teachers and administrators from the Thompson School District selected these workshops to count towards Incentive Credits (movement on the salary schedule) because the course meets the criteria: "Learning must be directly transferable to the classroom with students and relate to standards, assessment and/or technology." Our program is also accredited by Colorado State University.

  7. The Interpretive Approach to Religious Education: Challenging Thompson's Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Robert

    2012-01-01

    In a recent book chapter, Matthew Thompson makes some criticisms of my work, including the interpretive approach to religious education and the research and activity of Warwick Religions and Education Research Unit. Against the background of a discussion of religious education in the public sphere, my response challenges Thompson's account,…

  8. The Interpretive Approach to Religious Education: Challenging Thompson's Interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Robert

    2012-01-01

    In a recent book chapter, Matthew Thompson makes some criticisms of my work, including the interpretive approach to religious education and the research and activity of Warwick Religions and Education Research Unit. Against the background of a discussion of religious education in the public sphere, my response challenges Thompson's account,…

  9. MSFC Director James R. Thompson in Control Room

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    Marshall's fifth Center Director, James R. Thompson (1986-1989), in the control room of the Solid Rocket Booster (SRB)automated thermal protection system (TPS) removal facility. Under Dr. Thompson's leadership, the shuttle program was rekindled after the Challenger explosion. Return to Flight kept NASA 's future programs alive.

  10. Advocating for medical diplomacy: a conversation with Tommy G. Thompson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Tommy G

    2004-01-01

    Health Affairs founding editor John Iglehart interviews HHS Secretary Tommy Thompson, who calls for closer integration of health policy and foreign policy, with the aim of improving the lives of vulnerable populations and serving the best interests of the United States. Thompson also discusses the indelible impressions of his travels to Afghanistan, Africa, and Iraq; the Medicare drug discount card program; and more.

  11. Interview with John G. Thompson and Jacques Tits

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raussen, Martin; Skau, Christian

    2009-01-01

    John G. Thompson and Jacques Tits are the recipients of the 2008 Abel Prize of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. On May 19, 2008, prior to the Abel Prize celebration in Oslo, Thompson and Tits were jointly interviewed by Martin Raussen of Aalborg University and Christian Skau...

  12. A Note on Information-Directed Sampling and Thompson Sampling

    OpenAIRE

    Zhou, Li

    2015-01-01

    This note introduce three Bayesian style Multi-armed bandit algorithms: Information-directed sampling, Thompson Sampling and Generalized Thompson Sampling. The goal is to give an intuitive explanation for these three algorithms and their regret bounds, and provide some derivations that are omitted in the original papers.

  13. Traces of Singular Moduli and Moonshine for the Thompson Group

    CERN Document Server

    Harvey, Jeffrey A

    2015-01-01

    We describe a relationship between the representation theory of the Thompson sporadic group and a weakly holomorphic modular form of weight one-half that appears in work of Borcherds and Zagier on Borcherds products and traces of singular moduli. We conjecture the existence of an infinite dimensional graded module for the Thompson group and provide evidence for our conjecture by constructing McKay--Thompson series for each conjugacy class of the Thompson group that coincide with weight one-half modular forms of higher level. We also observe a discriminant property in this moonshine for the Thompson group that is closely related to the discriminant property conjectured to exist in Umbral Moonshine.

  14. For 5-Month-Old Infants, Melodies Are Social.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehr, Samuel A; Song, Lee Ann; Spelke, Elizabeth S

    2016-04-01

    For 1 to 2 weeks, 5-month-old infants listened at home to one of two novel songs with identical lyrics and rhythms, but different melodies; the song was sung by a parent, emanated from a toy, or was sung live by a friendly but unfamiliar adult first in person and subsequently via interactive video. We then tested the infants' selective attention to two novel individuals after one sang the familiar song and the other sang the unfamiliar song. Infants who had experienced a parent singing looked longer at the new person who had sung the familiar melody than at the new person who had sung the unfamiliar melody, and the amount of song exposure at home predicted the size of that preference. Neither effect was observed, however, among infants who had heard the song emanating from a toy or being sung by a socially unrelated person, despite these infants' remarkable memory for the familiar melody, tested an average of more than 8 months later. These findings suggest that melodies produced live and experienced at home by known social partners carry social meaning for infants. © The Author(s) 2016.

  15. Locating Melody Processing Activity in Auditory Cortex with Magnetoencephalography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Roy D; Andermann, Martin; Uppenkamp, Stefan; Rupp, André

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a technique for isolating the brain activity associated with melodic pitch processing. The magnetoencephalograhic (MEG) response to a four note, diatonic melody built of French horn notes, is contrasted with the response to a control sequence containing four identical, "tonic" notes. The transient response (TR) to the first note of each bar is dominated by energy-onset activity; the melody processing is observed by contrasting the TRs to the remaining melodic and tonic notes of the bar (2-4). They have uniform shape within a tonic or melodic sequence which makes it possible to fit a 4-dipole model and show that there are two sources in each hemisphere--a melody source in the anterior part of Heschl's gyrus (HG) and an onset source about 10 mm posterior to it, in planum temporale (PT). The N1m to the initial note has a short latency and the same magnitude for the tonic and the melodic sequences. The melody activity is distinguished by the relative sizes of the N1m and P2m components of the TRs to notes 2-4. In the anterior source a given note elicits a much larger N1m-P2m complex with a shorter latency when it is part of a melodic sequence. This study shows how to isolate the N1m, energy-onset response in PT, and produce a clean melody response in the anterior part of auditory cortex (HG).

  16. Thompson's Method applied to Quantum Electrodynamics (QED)

    CERN Document Server

    Nassif, C; Nassif, Claudio

    2000-01-01

    In this work we apply Thompson's method (of the dimensions) to study the quantum electrodynamics (QED). This method can be considered as a simple and alternative way to the renormalisation group (R.G) approach and when applied to QED lagrangian is able to obtain the running coupling constant behavior $\\alpha (\\mu)$, namely the dependence of $\\alpha$ on the energy scale. We also obtain the dependence of the mass on the energy scale. The calculations are evaluated just at $d_c=4$, where $d_c$ is the upper critical dimension of the problem, so that we obtain logarithmic behavior both for the coupling $\\alpha$ and the mass $m$ on the energy scale $\\mu$.

  17. Automatic Phrase Continuation from Guitar and Bass guitar Melodies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cherla, Srikanth; Purwins, Hendrik; Marchini, Marco

    2013-01-01

    A framework is proposed for generating interesting, and musically similar variations of a givenmonophonicmelody. The focus is on rock/pop guitar and bass-guitarmelodies with the aim of eventual extensions to other instruments and musical styles. It is demonstrated here how learning musical style...... from segmented audio data can be formulated as an unsupervised learning problem to generate a symbolic representation. A melody is first segmented into a sequence of notes using onset detection and pitch estimation. A set of hierarchical, coarse-to-fine symbolic representations of the melody...... is generated by clustering pitch values at multiple similarity thresholds. The Variance Ratio Criterion is then used to select the appropriate clustering levels in the hierarchy. Note onsets are aligned with beats, considering the estimated meter of the melody, to create a sequence of symbols that represent...

  18. Some effects of rhythmic context on melody recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kidd, G; Boltz, M; Jones, M R

    1984-01-01

    The effects of rhythmic context on the ability of listeners to recognize slightly altered versions of 10-tone melodies were examined in three experiments. Listeners judged the melodic equivalence of two auditory patterns when their rhythms were either the same or different. Rhythmic variations produced large effects on a bias measure, indicating that listeners judged melodies to be alike if their rhythms were identical. However, neither rhythm nor pattern rate affected discriminability measures in the first study, in which rhythm was treated as a within subjects variable. The other two studies examined rhythmic context as a between subjects variable. In these, significant effects of temporal uncertainty due to the number and type of rhythms involved in a block of trials, as well as their assignment to standard and comparison melodies on a given trial, were apparent on both discriminability and bias measures. Results were interpreted in terms of the effect of temporal context on the rhythmic targeting of attention.

  19. A Comparison between Global and Local Features for Computational Classification of Folk Song Melodies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Kranenburg, P.; Volk, A.; Wiering, F.

    2013-01-01

    In computational approaches to the study of variation among folk song melodies from oral culture, both global and local features of melodies have been used. From a computational point of view, the representation of a melody as a vector of global feature values, each summarizing an aspect of the enti

  20. Melody-based knowledge discovery in musical pieces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rybnik, Mariusz; Jastrzebska, Agnieszka

    2016-06-01

    The paper is focused on automated knowledge discovery in musical pieces, based on transformations of digital musical notation. Usually a single musical piece is analyzed, to discover the structure as well as traits of separate voices. Melody and rhythm is processed with the use of three proposed operators, that serve as meta-data. In this work we focus on melody, so the processed data is labeled using fuzzy labels, created for detecting various voice characteristics. A comparative analysis of two musical pieces may be performed as well, that compares them in terms of various rhythmic or melodic traits (as a whole or with voice separation).

  1. Harmonic factors in the perception of tonal melodies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Povel, D.J.L.; Jansen, E.L.

    2002-01-01

    By common assumption, the first step in processing a tonal melody consists in setting up the appropriate metrical and harmonic frames required for the mental representation of the sequence of tones. Focusing on the generation of a harmonic frame, this study aims (a) to discover the factors that faci

  2. Some influences of accent structure on melody recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, M R; Ralston, J T

    1991-01-01

    Two experiments were carried out to investigate the roles of joint accent structure and familiarity in delayed recognition of relatively long tonal melodies. Melodic themes of target melodies were defined by correlating contour-related pitch accents with temporal accents (accent coupling) during an initial familiarization phase. Later, subjects gave recognition responses to key-transposed versions of the target melodies as well as to decoys with same and different contour accent patterns. In Experiment 1, all to-be-recognized melodies occurred both in an original rhythm, which preserved accent coupling, and in a new rhythm, which did not. Listeners were best at distinguishing targets from different decoys, especially in the original rhythm. In Experiment 2, the familiarity of target tunes and the rhythmic similarity in recognition were varied. Similar rhythms preserved accent coupling, whereas dissimilar rhythms did not. Listeners were most adept in distinguishing familiar targets from different decoys (Experiment 2A), particularly when they appeared in novel but similar rhythms. However, in similar rhythm conditions, listeners also frequently mistook same decoys for targets. With less familiar targets (Experiment 2B), these effects were attenuated, and performance showed general effects of pitch contour.

  3. Research Ship T. G. Thompson Underway Meteorological Data, Quality Controlled

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Research Ship T. G. Thompson Underway Meteorological Data (delayed ~10 days for quality control) are from the Shipboard Automated Meteorological and Oceanographic...

  4. Fitness of Salmonella enterica serovar Thompson in the Cilantro Phyllosphere

    OpenAIRE

    Brandl, Maria T.; Robert E Mandrell

    2002-01-01

    The epiphytic fitness of Salmonella enterica was assessed on cilantro plants by using a strain of S. enterica serovar Thompson that was linked to an outbreak resulting from cilantro. Salmonella serovar Thompson had the ability to colonize the surface of cilantro leaves, where it was detected by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) at high densities on the veins and in natural lesions. The population sizes of two common colonizers of plant surfaces, Pantoea agglomerans and Pseudomonas chl...

  5. Outbreak of Salmonella Thompson in the Netherlands since July 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friesema, I H; de Jong, A E; Fitz James, I A; Heck, M E; van den Kerkhof, J H; Notermans, D W; van Pelt, W; Hofhuis, A

    2012-10-25

    An ongoing outbreak of salmonellosis due to Salmonella Thompson is affecting the Netherlands. Between 2 August and 19 October 2012, 866 cases were confirmed. Their median age was 44 years (range: 0-95 years), 63% were female and 36% were hospitalised. A matched case-control study suggested smoked salmon as the vehicle. Salmonella Thompson was confirmed in four of nine batches of smoked salmon from one producer. A recall of all concerned smoked salmon products was executed starting end of September.

  6. Thompson e a tradição Marxista Thompson and the Marxist tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renan Springer de Freitas

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available O autor critica o empreendimento teórico do historiador inglês E. P. Thompson de dar consistência analítica à noção marxista de "consciência de classe" recorrendo a idéias tais como as de "experiênciias comuns" e de "valores morais compartilhados. A vitalidade analítica do marxismo só pode ser demonstrada aceitando-se a tese "marxista vulgar" da determinação da superestrutura pela estrutura econômica; e concentrando-se nos problemas empíricos que emergem das ações instrumentais de agentes no âmbito "infraestrutural".The author criticizes tlie theoretical endeavours of the British historian E. P. Thompson in order to give analytical consistency to the Marxist notion of "class consciousness" through ideas like "commom experiences" and "shared moral values". He maintains that the only way to demonstrate the analytical vitality of Marxism is by accepting the "vulgar Marxist" thesis of the determination of the superstructure by the economic structure; and by concentrating on the empirical problems that arise from the instrumental action of the actors on the "infrastructural" level

  7. Words and melody are intertwined in perception of sung words: EEG and behavioral evidence.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reyna L Gordon

    Full Text Available Language and music, two of the most unique human cognitive abilities, are combined in song, rendering it an ecological model for comparing speech and music cognition. The present study was designed to determine whether words and melodies in song are processed interactively or independently, and to examine the influence of attention on the processing of words and melodies in song. Event-Related brain Potentials (ERPs and behavioral data were recorded while non-musicians listened to pairs of sung words (prime and target presented in four experimental conditions: same word, same melody; same word, different melody; different word, same melody; different word, different melody. Participants were asked to attend to either the words or the melody, and to perform a same/different task. In both attentional tasks, different word targets elicited an N400 component, as predicted based on previous results. Most interestingly, different melodies (sung with the same word elicited an N400 component followed by a late positive component. Finally, ERP and behavioral data converged in showing interactions between the linguistic and melodic dimensions of sung words. The finding that the N400 effect, a well-established marker of semantic processing, was modulated by musical melody in song suggests that variations in musical features affect word processing in sung language. Implications of the interactions between words and melody are discussed in light of evidence for shared neural processing resources between the phonological/semantic aspects of language and the melodic/harmonic aspects of music.

  8. Words and melody are intertwined in perception of sung words: EEG and behavioral evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Reyna L; Schön, Daniele; Magne, Cyrille; Astésano, Corine; Besson, Mireille

    2010-03-31

    Language and music, two of the most unique human cognitive abilities, are combined in song, rendering it an ecological model for comparing speech and music cognition. The present study was designed to determine whether words and melodies in song are processed interactively or independently, and to examine the influence of attention on the processing of words and melodies in song. Event-Related brain Potentials (ERPs) and behavioral data were recorded while non-musicians listened to pairs of sung words (prime and target) presented in four experimental conditions: same word, same melody; same word, different melody; different word, same melody; different word, different melody. Participants were asked to attend to either the words or the melody, and to perform a same/different task. In both attentional tasks, different word targets elicited an N400 component, as predicted based on previous results. Most interestingly, different melodies (sung with the same word) elicited an N400 component followed by a late positive component. Finally, ERP and behavioral data converged in showing interactions between the linguistic and melodic dimensions of sung words. The finding that the N400 effect, a well-established marker of semantic processing, was modulated by musical melody in song suggests that variations in musical features affect word processing in sung language. Implications of the interactions between words and melody are discussed in light of evidence for shared neural processing resources between the phonological/semantic aspects of language and the melodic/harmonic aspects of music.

  9. Fitness of Salmonella enterica serovar Thompson in the cilantro phyllosphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandl, Maria T; Mandrell, Robert E

    2002-07-01

    The epiphytic fitness of Salmonella enterica was assessed on cilantro plants by using a strain of S. enterica serovar Thompson that was linked to an outbreak resulting from cilantro. Salmonella serovar Thompson had the ability to colonize the surface of cilantro leaves, where it was detected by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) at high densities on the veins and in natural lesions. The population sizes of two common colonizers of plant surfaces, Pantoea agglomerans and Pseudomonas chlororaphis, were 10-fold higher than that of the human pathogen on cilantro incubated at 22 degrees C. However, Salmonella serovar Thompson achieved significantly higher population levels and accounted for a higher proportion of the total culturable bacterial flora on cilantro leaves when the plants were incubated at warm temperatures, such as 30 degrees C, after inoculation, indicating that the higher growth rates exhibited by Salmonella serovar Thompson at warm temperatures may increase the competitiveness of this organism in the phyllosphere. The tolerance of Salmonella serovar Thompson to dry conditions on plants at 60% relative humidity was at least equal to that of P. agglomerans and P. chlororaphis. Moreover, after exposure to low humidity on cilantro, Salmonella serovar Thompson recovered under high humidity to achieve its maximum population size in the cilantro phyllosphere. Visualization by CLSM of green fluorescent protein-tagged Salmonella serovar Thompson and dsRed-tagged P. agglomerans inoculated onto cilantro revealed that the human pathogen and the bacterial epiphyte formed large heterogeneous aggregates on the leaf surface. Our studies support the hypothesis that preharvest contamination of crops by S. enterica plays a role in outbreaks linked to fresh fruits and vegetables.

  10. Higgs at 3.5 seconds into the melody

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2012-01-01

    Listen to the music… at 3.5 into the recording you will be able to “hear” the sound of the newly discovered boson. That’s the beauty of sonification, a technique that translates dry data into beautiful melodies.   Image edit by Katarina Anthony. Sonification is a computational technique that requires enormous amounts of networking and processing power to produce results. The sonification of data presented on 4 July by the ATLAS collaboration was performed using the pan-European GÉANT network and the Grid infrastructure. The result is a melody that at 3.5 seconds reproduces the bump corresponding to the new particle. “This sonification was carried out on the same grid infrastructure used by researchers to reconstruct their data and plot their graphs,” says Domenico Vicinanza of DANTE, who led the Higgs sonification project, collaborating with Mariapaola Sorrentino of ASTRA Project (Cambridge), who contributed to the sonific...

  11. Harmonizing Melody with Meta-Structure of Piano Accompaniment Figure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yin Feng; Kui Chen; Xiang-Bin Liu

    2011-01-01

    In this paper,a meta-structure of piano accompaniment figure (meta-structure for short) is proposed to harmonize a melodic piece of music so as to construct a multi-voice music.Here we approach melody harmonization with piano accompaniment as a machine learning task in a probabilistic framework.A series of piano accompaniment figures are collected from the massive existing sample scores and converted into a set of meta-structure.After the procedure of samples training,a model is formulated to generate a proper piano accompaniment figure for a harmonizing unit in the context.This model is flexible in harmonizing a melody with piano accompaniment.The experimental results are evaluated and discussed.

  12. Something in the way she sings: enhanced memory for vocal melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Michael W; Trehub, Sandra E; Schellenberg, E Glenn

    2012-10-01

    Across species, there is considerable evidence of preferential processing for biologically significant signals such as conspecific vocalizations and the calls of individual conspecifics. Surprisingly, music cognition in human listeners is typically studied with stimuli that are relatively low in biological significance, such as instrumental sounds. The present study explored the possibility that melodies might be remembered better when presented vocally rather than instrumentally. Adults listened to unfamiliar folk melodies, with some presented in familiar timbres (voice and piano) and others in less familiar timbres (banjo and marimba). They were subsequently tested on recognition of previously heard melodies intermixed with novel melodies. Melodies presented vocally were remembered better than those presented instrumentally even though they were liked less. Factors underlying the advantage for vocal melodies remain to be determined. In line with its biological significance, vocal music may evoke increased vigilance or arousal, which in turn may result in greater depth of processing and enhanced memory for musical details.

  13. Maintenance of memory for melodies: Articulation or attentional refreshing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nees, Michael A; Corrini, Ellen; Leong, Peri; Harris, Joanna

    2017-03-23

    Past research on the effects of articulatory suppression on working memory for nonverbal sounds has been characterized by discrepant findings, which suggests that multiple mechanisms may be involved in the rehearsal of nonverbal sounds. In two experiments we examined the potential roles of two theoretical mechanisms of verbal working memory-articulatory rehearsal and attentional refreshing-in the maintenance of memory for short melodies. In both experiments, participants performed a same-different melody comparison task. During an 8-s retention interval, interference tasks were introduced to suppress articulatory rehearsal, attentional refreshing, or both. In Experiment 1, only the conditions that featured articulatory suppression resulted in worse memory performance than in a control condition, and the suppression of both attentional refreshing and articulatory rehearsal concurrently did not impair memory more than articulatory suppression alone. Experiment 2 reproduced these findings and also confirmed that the locus of interference was articulatory and not auditory (i.e., the interference was not attributable to the sound of participants' own voices during articulatory suppression). Both experiments suggested that articulatory rehearsal played a role in the maintenance of melodies in memory, whereas attentional refreshing did not. We discuss potential theoretical implications regarding the mechanisms used for the rehearsal of nonverbal sounds in working memory.

  14. Direct Electrical Stimulation in the Human Brain Disrupts Melody Processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcea, Frank E; Chernoff, Benjamin L; Diamond, Bram; Lewis, Wesley; Sims, Maxwell H; Tomlinson, Samuel B; Teghipco, Alexander; Belkhir, Raouf; Gannon, Sarah B; Erickson, Steve; Smith, Susan O; Stone, Jonathan; Liu, Lynn; Tollefson, Trenton; Langfitt, John; Marvin, Elizabeth; Pilcher, Webster H; Mahon, Bradford Z

    2017-09-11

    Prior research using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) [1-4] and behavioral studies of patients with acquired or congenital amusia [5-8] suggest that the right posterior superior temporal gyrus (STG) in the human brain is specialized for aspects of music processing (for review, see [9-12]). Intracranial electrical brain stimulation in awake neurosurgery patients is a powerful means to determine the computations supported by specific brain regions and networks [13-21] because it provides reversible causal evidence with high spatial resolution (for review, see [22, 23]). Prior intracranial stimulation or cortical cooling studies have investigated musical abilities related to reading music scores [13, 14] and singing familiar songs [24, 25]. However, individuals with amusia (congenitally, or from a brain injury) have difficulty humming melodies but can be spared for singing familiar songs with familiar lyrics [26]. Here we report a detailed study of a musician with a low-grade tumor in the right temporal lobe. Functional MRI was used pre-operatively to localize music processing to the right STG, and the patient subsequently underwent awake intraoperative mapping using direct electrical stimulation during a melody repetition task. Stimulation of the right STG induced "music arrest" and errors in pitch but did not affect language processing. These findings provide causal evidence for the functional segregation of music and language processing in the human brain and confirm a specific role of the right STG in melody processing. VIDEO ABSTRACT. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. The Role of Features and Context in Recognition of Novel Melodies

    OpenAIRE

    Müllensiefen, Daniel; Halpern, Andrea

    2014-01-01

    We investigated how well structural features such as note density or the relative number of changes in the melodic contour could predict success in implicit and explicit memory for unfamiliar melodies. We also analyzed which features are more likely to elicit increasingly confident judgments of “old” in a recognition memory task. An automated analysis program computed structural aspects of melodies, both independent of any context, and also with reference to the other melodies in the testset ...

  16. Memory for surface features of unfamiliar melodies: independent effects of changes in pitch and tempo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schellenberg, E Glenn; Stalinski, Stephanie M; Marks, Bradley M

    2014-01-01

    A melody's identity is determined by relations between consecutive tones in terms of pitch and duration, whereas surface features (i.e., pitch level or key, tempo, and timbre) are irrelevant. Although surface features of highly familiar recordings are encoded into memory, little is known about listeners' mental representations of melodies heard once or twice. It is also unknown whether musical pitch is represented additively or interactively with temporal information. In two experiments, listeners heard unfamiliar melodies twice in an initial exposure phase. In a subsequent test phase, they heard the same (old) melodies interspersed with new melodies. Some of the old melodies were shifted in key, tempo, or key and tempo. Listeners' task was to rate how well they recognized each melody from the exposure phase while ignoring changes in key and tempo. Recognition ratings were higher for old melodies that stayed the same compared to those that were shifted in key or tempo, and detrimental effects of key and tempo changes were additive in between-subjects (Experiment 1) and within-subjects (Experiment 2) designs. The results confirm that surface features are remembered for melodies heard only twice. They also imply that key and tempo are processed and stored independently.

  17. Paresev in flight with pilot Milt Thompson

    Science.gov (United States)

    1964-01-01

    This movie clip runs 37 seconds in length and begins with a shot from the chase plane of NASA Dryden test pilot Milt Thompson at the controls of the Paresev, then the onboard view from the pilot's seat and finally bringing the Paresev in for a landing on the dry lakebed at Edwards AFB. The Paresev (Paraglider Rescue Vehicle) was an indirect outgrowth of kite-parachute studies by NACA Langley engineer Francis M. Rogallo. In early 1960's the 'Rogallo wing' seemed an excellent means of returning a spacecraft to Earth. The delta wing design was patented by Mr. Rogallo. In May 1961, Robert R. Gilruth, director of the NASA Space Task Group, requested studies of an inflatable Rogallo-type 'Parawing' for spacecraft. Several companies responded; North American Aviation, Downey, California, produced the most acceptable concept and development was contracted to that company. In November 1961 NASA Headquarters launched a paraglider development program, with Langley doing wind tunnel studies and the NASA Flight Research Center supporting the North American test program. The North American concept was a capsule-type vehicle with a stowed 'parawing' that could be deployed and controlled from within for a landing more like an airplane instead of a 'splash down' in the ocean. The logistics became enormous and the price exorbitant, plus NASA pilots and engineers felt some baseline experience like building a vehicle and flying a Parawing should be accomplished first. The Paresev (Paraglider Research Vehicle) was used to gain in-flight experience with four different membranes (wings), and was not used to develop the more complicated inflatable deployment system. The Paresev was designed by Charles Richard, of the Flight Research Center Vehicle and System Dynamics Branch, with the rest of the team being: engineers, Richard Klein, Gary Layton, John Orahood, and Joe Wilson; from the Maintenance and Manufacturing Branch: Frank Fedor, LeRoy Barto; Victor Horton as Project Manager, with

  18. Paresev in flight with pilot Milt Thompson

    Science.gov (United States)

    1964-01-01

    This movie clip runs 37 seconds in length and begins with a shot from the chase plane of NASA Dryden test pilot Milt Thompson at the controls of the Paresev, then the onboard view from the pilot's seat and finally bringing the Paresev in for a landing on the dry lakebed at Edwards AFB. The Paresev (Paraglider Rescue Vehicle) was an indirect outgrowth of kite-parachute studies by NACA Langley engineer Francis M. Rogallo. In early 1960's the 'Rogallo wing' seemed an excellent means of returning a spacecraft to Earth. The delta wing design was patented by Mr. Rogallo. In May 1961, Robert R. Gilruth, director of the NASA Space Task Group, requested studies of an inflatable Rogallo-type 'Parawing' for spacecraft. Several companies responded; North American Aviation, Downey, California, produced the most acceptable concept and development was contracted to that company. In November 1961 NASA Headquarters launched a paraglider development program, with Langley doing wind tunnel studies and the NASA Flight Research Center supporting the North American test program. The North American concept was a capsule-type vehicle with a stowed 'parawing' that could be deployed and controlled from within for a landing more like an airplane instead of a 'splash down' in the ocean. The logistics became enormous and the price exorbitant, plus NASA pilots and engineers felt some baseline experience like building a vehicle and flying a Parawing should be accomplished first. The Paresev (Paraglider Research Vehicle) was used to gain in-flight experience with four different membranes (wings), and was not used to develop the more complicated inflatable deployment system. The Paresev was designed by Charles Richard, of the Flight Research Center Vehicle and System Dynamics Branch, with the rest of the team being: engineers, Richard Klein, Gary Layton, John Orahood, and Joe Wilson; from the Maintenance and Manufacturing Branch: Frank Fedor, LeRoy Barto; Victor Horton as Project Manager, with

  19. Human melody singing by bullfinches (Pyrrhula pyrrula) gives hints about a cognitive note sequence processing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolai, Jürgen; Gundacker, Christina; Teeselink, Katharina; Güttinger, Hans Rudolf

    2014-01-01

    We studied human melody perception and production in a songbird in the light of current concepts from the cognitive neuroscience of music. Bullfinches are the species best known for learning melodies from human teachers. The study is based on the historical data of 15 bullfinches, raised by 3 different human tutors and studied later by Jürgen Nicolai (JN) in the period 1967-1975. These hand-raised bullfinches learned human folk melodies (sequences of 20-50 notes) accurately. The tutoring was interactive and variable, starting before fledging and JN continued it later throughout the birds' lives. All 15 bullfinches learned to sing alternately melody modules with JN (alternate singing). We focus on the aspects of note sequencing and timing studying song variability when singing the learned melody alone and the accuracy of listening-singing interactions during alternatively singing with JN by analyzing song recordings of 5 different males. The following results were obtained as follows: (1) Sequencing: The note sequence variability when singing alone suggests that the bullfinches retrieve the note sequence from the memory as different sets of note groups (=modules), as chunks (sensu Miller in Psychol Rev 63:81-87, 1956). (2) Auditory-motor interactions, the coupling of listening and singing the human melody: Alternate singing provides insights into the bird's brain melody processing from listening to the actually whistled part of the human melody by JN to the bird's own accurately singing the consecutive parts. We document how variable and correctly bullfinches and JN alternated in their singing the note sequences. Alternate singing demonstrates that melody-singing bullfinches did not only follow attentively the just whistled note contribution of the human by auditory feedback, but also could synchronously anticipate singing the consecutive part of the learned melody. These data suggest that both listening and singing may depend on a single learned human melody

  20. The use of Thompson sampling to increase estimation precision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaptein, M.C.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we consider a sequential sampling scheme for efficient estimation of the difference between the means of two independent treatments when the population variances are unequal across groups. The sampling scheme proposed is based on a solution to bandit problems called Thompson samplin

  1. The use of Thompson sampling to increase estimation precision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaptein, M.C.

    2015-01-01

    In this article, we consider a sequential sampling scheme for efficient estimation of the difference between the means of two independent treatments when the population variances are unequal across groups. The sampling scheme proposed is based on a solution to bandit problems called Thompson

  2. Bruce Thompson: Adventures and advances in ultrasonic backscatter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margetan, Frank J.

    2012-05-01

    Over the course of his professional career Dr. R. Bruce Thompson published several hundred articles on non-destructive evaluation, the majority dealing with topics in ultrasonics. One longtime research interest of Dr. Thompson, with applications both to microstructure characterization and defect detection, was backscattered grain noise in metals. Over a 20 year period he led a revolving team of staff members and graduate students investigating various aspects of ultrasonic backscatter. As a member of that team I had the privilege of working along side Dr. Thompson for many years, serving as a sort of Dr. Watson to Bruce's Sherlock Holmes. This article discusses Dr. Thompson's general approaches to modeling backscatter, the research topics he chose to explore to systematically elucidate a better understanding of the phenomena, and the many contributions to the field achieved under his leadership. The backscatter work began in earnest around 1990, motivated by a need to improve inspections of aircraft engine components. At that time Dr. Thompson launched two research efforts. The first led to the heuristic Independent Scatterer Model which could be used to estimate the average grain noise level that would be seen in any given ultrasonic inspection. There the contribution from the microstructure was contained in a measureable parameter known as the Figure-of-Merit or FOM. The second research effort, spearheaded by Dr. Jim Rose, led to a formal relationship between FOM and details of the metal microstructure. The combination of the Independent Scattering Model and Rose's formalism provided a powerful tool for investigating backscatter in metals. In this article model developments are briefly reviewed and several illustrative applications are discussed. These include: the determination of grain size and shape from ultrasonic backscatter; grain noise variability in engine-titanium billets and forgings; and the design of ultrasonic inspection systems to improve defect

  3. A computational approach to content-based retrieval of folk song melodies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Kranenburg, P.

    2010-01-01

    In order to develop a Music Information Retrieval system for folksong melodies, one needs to design an adequate computational model of melodic similarity, which is the subject of this Ph.D. thesis. Since understanding of both the properties of the melodies and computational methods is necessary, thi

  4. Repetition of previously novel melodies sometimes increases both remember and know responses in recognition memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardiner, J M; Kaminska, Z; Dixon, M; Java, R I

    1996-09-01

    Recognition memory for previously novel melodies was tested in three experiments in which subjects usedremember andknow responses to report experiences of recollection, or of familiarity in the absence of recollection, for each melody they recognized. Some of the melodies were taken from Polish folk songs and presented vocally, but without the words. Others were taken from obscure pieces of classical music, presented as single-line melodies. Prior to the test, the melodies were repeated for varying numbers of study trials. Repetition of the Polish melodies increased both remember and know responses, while repetition of classical melodies increased remember but not know responses. When subjects were instructed to report guesses, guess responses were inversely related to remember and know responses and there were more guesses to lures than to targets. These findings establish that remembering and knowing are fully independent functionally and, by the same token, they provide further evidence against the idea that response exclusivity causes increases in remembering to force decreases in knowing. The findings also suggest that simultaneous increases in remembering and knowing occurred because the Polish melodies came from a genre for which the subjects had relatively little previous experience.

  5. The Role of Tone Height, Melodic Contour, and Tone Chroma in Melody Recognition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massaro, Dominic W.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    Relationships among tone height, melodic contour, tone chroma, and recognition of recently learned melodies were investigated. Results replicated previous studies using familiar folk songs, providing evidence that melodic contour, tone chroma, and tone height contribute to recognition of both highly familiar and recently learned melodies.…

  6. 75 FR 33741 - Safety Zone; Tracey/Thompson Wedding, Lake Erie, Catawba Island, OH

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-15

    ... SECURITY Coast Guard 33 CFR Part 165 RIN 1625-AA00 Safety Zone; Tracey/Thompson Wedding, Lake Erie, Catawba... zone is intended to restrict vessels from portions of Lake Erie during the Tracey/Thompson Wedding... and vessels during the setup, loading, and launching of the Tracey/Thompson Wedding Fireworks...

  7. Rhythm and melody in children and adolescents after left or right temporal lobectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dennis, M; Hopyan, T

    2001-12-01

    Rhythm (a pattern of onset times and duration of sounds) and melody (a pattern of sound pitches) were studied in 22 children and adolescents several years after temporal lobectomy for intractable epilepsy. Left and right lobectomy groups discriminated rhythms equally well, but the right lobectomy group was poorer at discriminating melodies. Children and adolescents with right lobectomy, but not those with left temporal lobectomy, had higher melody scores with increasing age. Rhythm but not melody was related to memory for the right lobectomy group. In neither group was melody related to age at onset of non-febrile seizures, time from surgery to music tests, or the linear amount of temporal lobe resection. Pitch and melodic contour show different patterns of lateralization after temporal lobectomy in childhood or adolescence.

  8. Knowledge Representation of the Melody and Rhythm in Koto Songs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deguchi, Sachiko; Shirai, Katsuhiko

    This paper describes the knowledge representation of the melody and rhythm in koto songs based on the structure of the domain: the scale, melisma (the melody in a syllable), and bar. We have encoded koto scores and extracted 2,3,4-note melodic patterns sequentially from the voice part of koto scores. The 2,3,4-note patterns used in the melisma are limited and the percentages of top patterns are high. The 3,4-note melodic patterns are examined at each scale degree. These patterns are more restricted than the patterns that are possible under the constraint of the scale. These typical patterns on the scale represent the knowledge of koto players. We have analyzed rhythms in two different ways. We have extracted rhythms depending on each melodic pattern, while we have extracted rhythms depending on each bar. The former are complicated and the latter are typical. This result indicates that koto players recognize melodic patterns and rhythmic patterns independently. Our analyses show the melodic patterns and rhythmic patterns that are acquired by koto players. These patterns will be applied to the description of variations of the melisma to build a score database. These patterns will also be applied to a composition and education. The melodic patterns can be extracted from other genres of Japanese traditional music, foreign old folk songs or chants by using this method.

  9. Yawning, fatigue and cortisol: expanding the Thompson Cortisol Hypothesis.

    OpenAIRE

    Thompson, Simon

    2014-01-01

    Yawning and its involvement in neurological disorders has become the new scientific conundrum. Cortisol levels are known to rise during stress and fatigue; yawning may occur when we are under stress or tired. However, the link between yawning, fatigue, and cortisol has not been fully understood. Expansion of the Thompson Cortisol Hypothesis proposes that the stress hormone, cortisol, is responsible for yawning and fatigue especially in people with incomplete innervation such as multiple sclero...

  10. Reflections about social funcion of history: Hosbawm, Thompson and Kocka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Álvaro Carvajal Castro

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays we have more ways than ever to disseminate historical knowledge. Because of that, it is important that we carefully consider what is, and what should be, the social function that historical knowledge fulfills. This article considers the issue from the point of view of the works of E. Hobsbawm, E. P. Thompson and J. Kocka, three historians within the realm of social history who, given their historiographical practice and life story, are key in our understanding of the problem.

  11. Embryologie précoce de Sacculina carcini Thompson

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bocquet-Védrine, J.

    1964-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Dans sa monographie pourtant très complète de Sacculina carcini Thompson, publiée en 1884, Delage ne traite pas de l'étude embryologique de cette espèce. Il ne se désintéressait pas pour autant de ce sujet sur lequel il exprimait son intention de revenir „plus tard, dans un moment oppor

  12. Themes and variation of N. S. Thompson--song.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abbey, Emily

    2010-12-01

    Nick Thompson studied many animals over the course of his career, including non-human primates, dogs, crows, human babies, and mockingbirds. Amidst such variation, Nick maintained a common focus. He sought to provide more accurate and truthful representations of the particular phenomenon of interest. His writings on mentalism, design, anthropomorphism and use of metaphor have provided fellow scientists with insight and helped advance his field of study.

  13. Sarcophilia, cremation and Sir Henry Thompson (1820-1904).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jellinek, E H

    2009-11-01

    Sarcophilia, a neologism for an attachment to human remains, is set in a review of the history of the disposal of the dead. The ancient practice of cremation was relaunched late in the 19th century by the urological surgeon cum social reformer Sir Henry Thompson. He was stimulated by Edwin Chadwick and Charles Dickens, and by Charles Darwin's observations on the earthworm. Sarcophilia is the reason for the controversial Human Tissue Act of 2004.

  14. Outbreak of Salmonella Thompson infections linked to imported rucola lettuce.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nygård, Karin; Lassen, Jørgen; Vold, Line; Andersson, Yvonne; Fisher, Ian; Löfdahl, Sven; Threlfall, John; Luzzi, Ida; Peters, Tansy; Hampton, Michael; Torpdahl, Mia; Kapperud, Georg; Aavitsland, Preben

    2008-04-01

    On November 15, 2004, a cluster of three cases of Salmonella Thompson infection was registered by the Norwegian reference laboratory. In the following days further cases occurred, prompting a case-control study among the first 13 cases and 26 matched controls. By December 31, 21 cases had been reported, with the first onset on October 24. Consumption of rucola lettuce (Eruca sativa, also known as rocket salad or arugula) (OR 8,8 [1,2-infinity]) and mixed salad (OR 5,0 [1,0-infinity]) was associated with illness. On November 26, Swedish authorities notified the finding of Salmonella Thompson in rucola lettuce through the EU Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed. Later, several countries reported finding this and other Salmonella serovars and Campylobacter in rucola produced in Italy. In response to our alert through the international Enter-net surveillance network, Sweden and England also reported an increase of cases. Salmonella Thompson isolates from products and patients from several countries showed high similarity by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, but some isolates showed significant differences. We think that the outbreak in Norway reflected a larger international outbreak caused by rucola imported from one Italian producer. Findings of other pathogens indicate a massive contamination, possibly caused by irrigation with nonpotable water. Rapid international information exchange is invaluable when investigating outbreaks caused by internationally marketed products.

  15. 33 CFR 110.48 - Thompson Cove on east side of Pawcatuck River below Westerly, R.I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Thompson Cove on east side of..., DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ANCHORAGES ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS Special Anchorage Areas § 110.48 Thompson... channelward end of Thompson Dock at the northern end of Thompson Cove 184° to the shore at the southern end...

  16. Memory for melodies in unfamiliar tuning systems: Investigating effects of recency and number of intervening items.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herff, Steffen A; Olsen, Kirk N; Dean, Roger T; Prince, Jon

    2017-05-26

    In a continuous recognition paradigm, most stimuli elicit superior recognition performance when the item to be recognised is the most recent stimulus (a recency-in-memory effect). Furthermore, increasing the number of intervening items cumulatively disrupts memory in most domains. Memory for melodies composed in familiar tuning systems also shows superior recognition for the most recent melody, but no disruptive effects from the number of intervening melodies. A possible explanation has been offered in a novel regenerative multiple representations (RMR) conjecture. The RMR assumes that prior knowledge informs perception and perception influences memory representations. It postulates that melodies are perceived, thus also represented, simultaneously as integrated entities and also their components (such as pitches, pitch intervals, short phrases, and rhythm). Multiple representations of the melody components and melody as a whole can restore one another, thus providing resilience against disruptive effects from intervening items. The conjecture predicts that melodies in an unfamiliar tuning system are not perceived as integrated melodies and should: a) disrupt recency-in-memory advantages; and b) facilitate disruptive effects from the number of intervening items. We test these two predictions in three experiments. Experiments 1 and 2 show that no recency-in-memory effects emerge for melodies in an unfamiliar tuning system. In Experiment 3, disruptive effects occurred as the number of intervening items and unfamiliarity of the stimuli increased. Overall, results are coherent with the predictions of the RMR conjecture. Further investigation of the conjecture's predictions may lead to greater understanding of the fundamental relationships between memory, perception, and behavior.

  17. Gu Jianfen Strikes Up the Melody of Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    IN 1987, the Fourth International Music Festival was held in Belgrade. When the Chinese song "The Green Leaves’s Love for the Root" was reverberating through the hall, the whole audience held their breath, listening attentively. This song not only moved all the people present but its approach of mode and the smooth and lyric melody left a deep impression on the adjudicators. As a result, this song won the third prize, the highest award any Chinese pop song had ever won at any international contest before 1987. The composer of this song is Gu Jianfen. Since the early 1980s, Gu Jianfen’s compositions have won her various awards in Chinese song contests. In 1985, five of her compositions won "Prize for Songs Favored by

  18. Music snippet extraction via melody-based repeated pattern discovery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU JiePing; ZHAO Yang; CHEN Zhe; LIU ZiLi

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we present a complete set of procedures to automatically extract a music snippet, defined as the most representative or the highlighted excerpt of a music clip. We first generate a modified and compact similarity matrix based on selected features and distance metrics, and then several improved techniques for music repeated pattern discovery are utilized because a music snippet is usually a part of the repeated melody, main theme or chorus. During the process, redundant and wrongly detected patterns are discarded, boundaries are corrected using beat information, and final clusters are also further sorted according to the occurrence frequency and energy information. Subsequently, following our methods, we designed a music snippet extraction system which allows users to detect snippets. Experiments performed on the system show the superiority of our proposed approach.

  19. Effects of melody and lyrics on mood and memory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousou, S D

    1997-08-01

    137 undergraduate Le Moyne College students volunteered in a study on music and its effects on mood and memory. In a 2 x 3 between-subjects design, there were 2 lyric conditions (Happy and Sad Lyrics) and 3 music conditions (No Music, Happy Music, and Sad Music). Participants were asked to listen to instrumental music or mentally to create a melody as they read lyrics to themselves. The study tested cued-recall, self-reported mood state and psychological arousal. Analysis suggested that mood of participants was influenced by the music played, not the lyrics. Results also showed those exposed to No Music had the highest score on the recall test. Personal relevance to the lyrics was not correlated with memory.

  20. Scale and Contour: Two Components of a Theory of Memory for Melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dowling, W. Jay

    1978-01-01

    The author concentrates on two components of memory which contribute to the reproduction and recognition of melodies, namely, melodic contour and musical scale. A new experiment is reported that shows the interdependence of both components. (Author/RK)

  1. The effect of exercise-induced arousal on chosen tempi for familiar melodies

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jakubowski, Kelly; Halpern, Andrea R; Grierson, Mick; Stewart, Lauren

    2015-01-01

    .... However, it is unknown whether arousal influences the mental representation of tempo (speed) for highly familiar and complex stimuli, such as well-known melodies, that have long-term representations in memory...

  2. Sex Differences in Music: A Female Advantage at Recognizing Familiar Melodies

    OpenAIRE

    Miles, Scott A.; Miranda, Robbin A.; Ullman, Michael T.

    2016-01-01

    Although sex differences have been observed in various cognitive domains, there has been little work examining sex differences in the cognition of music. We tested the prediction that women would be better than men at recognizing familiar melodies, since memories of specific melodies are likely to be learned (at least in part) by declarative memory, which shows female advantages. Participants were 24 men and 24 women, with half musicians and half non-musicians in each group. The two groups we...

  3. The effect of exercise-induced arousal on chosen tempi for familiar melodies

    OpenAIRE

    Jakubowski, Kelly; Halpern, Andrea; Grierson, Mick; Stewart, Lauren

    2014-01-01

    Many previous studies have shown that arousal affects time perception, suggesting a direct influence of arousal on the speed of the pacemaker of the internal clock. However, it is unknown whether arousal influences the mental representation of tempo (speed) for highly familiar and complex stimuli, such as well-known melodies, that have long-term representations in memory. Previous research suggests that mental representations of the tempo of familiar melodies are stable over time; the aim of ...

  4. Yawning, fatigue, and cortisol: expanding the Thompson Cortisol Hypothesis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Simon B N

    2014-10-01

    Yawning and its involvement in neurological disorders has become the new scientific conundrum. Cortisol levels are known to rise during stress and fatigue; yawning may occur when we are under stress or tired. However, the link between yawning, fatigue, and cortisol has not been fully understood. Expansion of the Thompson Cortisol Hypothesis proposes that the stress hormone, cortisol, is responsible for yawning and fatigue especially in people with incomplete innervation such as multiple sclerosis. This informs our understanding of the functional importance of the brain stem region of the brain in regulating stress and fatigue.

  5. A MODIFIED GIFFLER AND THOMPSON ALGORITHM COMBINED WITH DYNAMIC SLACK TIME FOR SOLVING DYNAMIC SCHEDULE PROBLEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanti Octavia

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A Modified Giffler and Thompson algorithm combined with dynamic slack time is used to allocate machines resources in dynamic nature. It was compared with a Real Time Order Promising (RTP algorithm. The performance of modified Giffler and Thompson and RTP algorithms are measured by mean tardiness. The result shows that modified Giffler and Thompson algorithm combined with dynamic slack time provides significantly better result compared with RTP algorithm in terms of mean tardiness.

  6. Asymptotic freedom and quarks confinement treated through Thompson's approach

    CERN Document Server

    Nassif, Claudio; Silva, P R

    2007-01-01

    In this work,we firstly use Thompson's renormalization group method to treat QCD-vacuum behavior close to the regime of asymptotic freedom. QCD-vacuum behaves effectively like a "paramagnetic system" of a classical theory in the sense that virtual color charges (gluons) emerge in it as spin effect of a paramagnetic material when a magnetic field aligns their microscopic magnetic dipoles. Making a classical analogy with the paramagnetism of Landau's theory,we are able to introduce a kind of Landau effective action without temperature and phase transition for simply representing QCD-vacuum behavior at higher energies as magnetization of a paramagnetic material in the presence of a magnetic field $H$. This reasoning allows us to use Thompson's heuristic approach in order to extract an "effective susceptibility" ($\\chi>0$) of QCD-vacuum. It depends on logarithmic of energy scale $u$ to investigate hadronic matter. Consequently,we are able to get an ``effective magnetic permeability" ($\\mu>1$) of such a "paramagne...

  7. Infective endocarditis following Melody valve implantation: comparison with a surgical cohort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donnell, Clare; Holloway, Rhonda; Tilton, Elizabeth; Stirling, John; Finucane, Kirsten; Wilson, Nigel

    2017-03-01

    Infective endocarditis has been reported post Melody percutaneous pulmonary valve implant; the incidence and risk factors, however, remain poorly defined. We identified four cases of endocarditis from our first 25 Melody implants. Our aim was to examine these cases in the context of postulated risk factors and directly compare endocarditis rates with local surgical valves. We conducted a retrospective review of patients post Melody percutaneous pulmonary valve implant in New Zealand (October, 2009-May, 2015) and also reviewed the incidence of endocarditis in New Zealand among patients who have undergone surgical pulmonary valve implants. In total, 25 patients underwent Melody implantation at a median age of 18 years. At a median follow-up of 2.9 years, most were well with low valve gradient (median 27 mmHg) and only mild regurgitation. Two patients presented with life-threatening endocarditis and obstructive vegetations at 14 and 26 months post implant, respectively. Two additional patients presented with subacute endocarditis at 5.5 years post implant. From 2009 to May, 2015, 178 surgical pulmonic bioprostheses, largely Hancock valves and homografts, were used at our institution. At a median follow-up of 2.9 years, four patients (2%) had developed endocarditis in this group compared with 4/25 (16%) in the Melody group (p=0.0089). Three surgical valves have been replaced. The Melody valve offers a good alternative to surgical conduit replacement in selected patients. Many patients have excellent outcomes in the medium term. Endocarditis, however, can occur and if associated with obstruction can be life threatening. The risk for endocarditis in the Melody group was higher in comparison with that in a contemporaneous surgical pulmonary implant cohort.

  8. Neural correlates of binding lyrics and melodies for the encoding of new songs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso, Irene; Davachi, Lila; Valabrègue, Romain; Lambrecq, Virginie; Dupont, Sophie; Samson, Séverine

    2016-02-15

    Songs naturally bind lyrics and melody into a unified representation. Using a subsequent memory paradigm, we examined the neural processes associated with binding lyrics and melodies during song encoding. Participants were presented with songs in two conditions: a unified condition (melodies sung with lyrics), and a separate condition (melodies sung with the syllable "la"). In both cases, written lyrics were displayed and participants were instructed to memorize them by repeating them covertly or by generating mental images of the songs. We expected the unified condition to recruit the posterior superior temporal gyrus, known to be involved in perceptual integration of songs, as well as the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG). Conversely, we hypothesized that the separate condition would engage a larger network including the hippocampus to bind lyrics and melodies of songs, and the basal ganglia and the cerebellum to ensure the correct sequence coupling of verbal and musical information in time. Binding lyrics and melodies in the unified condition revealed activation of the left IFG, bilateral middle temporal gyrus (MTG), and left motor cortex, suggesting a strong linguistic processing for this condition. Binding in the separate compared to the unified condition revealed greater activity in the right hippocampus as well as other areas including the left caudate, left cerebellum, and right IFG. This study provides novel evidence for the role of the right hippocampus in binding lyrics and melodies in songs. Results are discussed in light of studies of binding in the visual domain and highlight the role of regions involved in timing and synchronization such as the basal ganglia and the cerebellum.

  9. Hippocampal sclerosis affects fMR-adaptation of lyrics and melodies in songs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene eAlonso

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Songs constitute a natural combination of lyrics and melodies, but it is unclear whether and how these two song components are integrated during the emergence of a memory trace. Network theories of memory suggest a prominent role of the hippocampus, together with unimodal sensory areas, in the build-up of conjunctive representations. The present study tested the modulatory influence of the hippocampus on neural adaptation to songs in lateral temporal areas. Patients with unilateral hippocampal sclerosis and healthy matched controls were presented with blocks of short songs in which lyrics and/or melodies were varied or repeated in a crossed factorial design. Neural adaptation effects were taken as correlates of incidental emergent memory traces. We hypothesized that hippocampal lesions, particularly in the left hemisphere, would weaken adaptation effects, especially the integration of lyrics and melodies. Results revealed that lateral temporal lobe regions showed weaker adaptation to repeated lyrics as well as a reduced interaction of the adaptation effects for lyrics and melodies in patients with left hippocampal sclerosis. This suggests a deficient build-up of a sensory memory trace for lyrics and a reduced integration of lyrics with melodies, compared to healthy controls. Patients with right hippocampal sclerosis showed a similar profile of results although the effects did not reach significance in this population. We highlight the finding that the integrated representation of lyrics and melodies typically shown in healthy participants is likely tied to the integrity of the left medial temporal lobe. This novel finding provides the first neuroimaging evidence for the role of the hippocampus during repetitive exposure to lyrics and melodies and their integration into a song.

  10. Revisiting Charles H. Thompson's Proposals for Educating Gifted African American Students, 1933-1961

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ray, Louis

    2012-01-01

    Charles H. Thompson is best known as the founder and the first editor-in-chief of "The Journal of Negro Education" (1932-1963). Throughout his career, Thompson sought to extend educational opportunity in ways that were "for the good of Negro education as a whole." His main concern was in educating future leaders for service in African American…

  11. Christopher Warwick Thompson, French Romantic Travel Writing: Chateaubrand to Nerval

    OpenAIRE

    Baudoin, Sébastien

    2016-01-01

    Dans son récent ouvrage concernant les écrivains voyageurs français de l’époque romantique (French Romantic Travel Writing, 2012), C. W. Thompson envisage dans le cadre d’un large spectre de très nombreux auteurs de récits viatiques en adoptant un point de vue panoramique et chronologique qui permet de suivre au mieux l’évolution du genre et la progression des esthétiques. La vaste érudition dont témoigne cet ouvrage et sa visée synthétique en fait une somme très utile pour les dix-neuviémist...

  12. Hip hemiarthroplasty: from Venable and Bohlman to Moore and Thompson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernigou, Philippe; Quiennec, Steffen; Guissou, Isaac

    2014-03-01

    In 1939, Frederick R. Thompson of New York and Austin T. Moore of South Carolina separately developed replacements for the entire ball of the hip. These were used to treat hip fractures and also certain arthritis cases. This type of hemiarthroplasty addressed the problem of the arthritic femoral head only. The diseased acetabulum (hip socket) was not replaced. This prosthesis consisted of a metal stem that was placed into the marrow cavity of the femur, connected in one piece with a metal ball fitted into the hip socket. Bohlman and Austin T. Moore (1939) collaborated for the fabrication and implantation of a custom made 12-inch-long vitallium (metal alloy invented by Venable) femoral head prosthesis for a patient with a recurrent giant cell tumour. This prosthesis functioned well and later on influenced the development of long stem femoral head prostheses.

  13. Physical interaction and association by contiguity in memory for the words and melodies of songs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowder, R G; Serafine, M L; Repp, B

    1990-09-01

    Three experiments were designed to investigate two explanations for the integration effect in memory for songs (Serafine, Crowder, & Repp, 1984; Serafine, Davidson, Crowder, & Repp, 1986). The integration effect is the finding that recognition of the melody (or text) of a song is better in the presence of the text (or melody) with which it had been heard originally than in the presence of a different text (or melody). One explanation for this finding is the physical interaction hypothesis, which holds that one component of a song exerts subtle but memorable physical changes on the other component, making the latter different from what it would be with a different companion. In Experiments 1 and 2, we investigated the influence that words could exert on the subtle musical character of a melody. A second explanation for the integration effect is the association-by-contiguity hypothesis, which holds that any two events experienced in close temporal proximity may become connected in memory such that each acts as a recall cue for the other. In Experiment 3, we investigated the degree to which simultaneous presentations of spoken text with a hummed melody would induce an association between the two components. The results gave encouragement for both explanations and are discussed in terms of the distinction between encoding specificity and independent associative bonding.

  14. Foreign language learning in French speakers is associated with rhythm perception, but not with melody perception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhatara, Anjali; Yeung, H Henny; Nazzi, Thierry

    2015-04-01

    There has been increasing interest in links between language and music. Here, we investigate the relation between foreign language learning and music perception. We administered tests measuring melody and rhythm perception as well as a questionnaire on musical and foreign language experience to 147 monolingual French speakers. As expected, we found that musicians had better melody and rhythm perception than nonmusicians and that, among musicians, there was a positive correlation between the total number of years of music training and test scores. Crucially, we also found a positive correlation between the total number of years learning foreign languages and rhythm perception, but we found no such relation with melody perception. Moreover, the degree to which participants were better at rhythm than melody perception was also related to foreign language experience. Results suggest that both music training and learning foreign languages (primarily English, Spanish, and German in our sample) are related to French speakers' perception of rhythm, but not to their perception of melody. These results are discussed with respect to the rhythmic properties of French and suggest a common perceptual basis for rhythm in language and music. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved.

  15. Effects of melody and technique on acoustical and musical features of western operatic singing voices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larrouy-Maestri, Pauline; Magis, David; Morsomme, Dominique

    2014-05-01

    The operatic singing technique is frequently used in classical music. Several acoustical parameters of this specific technique have been studied but how these parameters combine remains unclear. This study aims to further characterize the Western operatic singing technique by observing the effects of melody and technique on acoustical and musical parameters of the singing voice. Fifty professional singers performed two contrasting melodies (popular song and romantic melody) with two vocal techniques (with and without operatic singing technique). The common quality parameters (energy distribution, vibrato rate, and extent), perturbation parameters (standard deviation of the fundamental frequency, signal-to-noise ratio, jitter, and shimmer), and musical features (fundamental frequency of the starting note, average tempo, and sound pressure level) of the 200 sung performances were analyzed. The results regarding the effect of melody and technique on the acoustical and musical parameters show that the choice of melody had a limited impact on the parameters observed, whereas a particular vocal profile appeared depending on the vocal technique used. This study confirms that vocal technique affects most of the parameters examined. In addition, the observation of quality, perturbation, and musical parameters contributes to a better understanding of the Western operatic singing technique. Copyright © 2014 The Voice Foundation. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. The effect of exercise-induced arousal on chosen tempi for familiar melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakubowski, Kelly; Halpern, Andrea R; Grierson, Mick; Stewart, Lauren

    2015-04-01

    Many previous studies have shown that arousal affects time perception, suggesting a direct influence of arousal on the speed of the pacemaker of the internal clock. However, it is unknown whether arousal influences the mental representation of tempo (speed) for highly familiar and complex stimuli, such as well-known melodies, that have long-term representations in memory. Previous research suggests that mental representations of the tempo of familiar melodies are stable over time; the aim of the present study was to investigate whether these representations can be systematically altered via an increase in physiological arousal. Participants adjusted the tempo of 14 familiar melodies in real time until they found a tempo that matched their internal representation of the appropriate tempo for that piece. The task was carried out before and after a physiologically arousing (exercise) or nonarousing (anagrams) manipulation. Participants completed this task both while hearing the melodies aloud and while imagining them. Chosen tempi increased significantly following exercise-induced arousal, regardless of whether a melody was heard aloud or imagined. These findings suggest that a change in internal clock speed affects temporal judgments even for highly familiar and complex stimuli such as music.

  17. The effects of timbre on melody recognition are mediated by familiarity

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAuley, J. Devin; Ayala, Chris

    2002-11-01

    Two experiments examined the role of timbre in music recognition. In both experiments, participants rated the familiarity of a set of novel and well-known musical excerpts during a study phase and then were given a surprise old/new recognition test after a retention interval. The recognition test was comprised of the target melodies and an equal number of distractors; participants were instructed to respond yes to the targets and no to the distractors. In experiment 1, the timbre of the melodies was held constant throughout the study and then either stayed the same or switched to a different instrument sound during the test. In experiment 2, timbre varied randomly from trial to trial between the same two instruments used in experiment 1, yielding target melodies that were either mismatched or matched in their timbre. Switching timbre between study and test in experiment 1 was found to hurt the recognition of the novel melodies, but not the familiar melodies. The mediating effect of familiarity was eliminated in experiment 2 when timbre varied randomly from trial to trial rather than remaining constant. Possible reasons for the difference between studies will be discussed.

  18. Predicting Variation of Folk Songs: A Corpus Analysis Study on the Memorability of Melodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berit Janssen

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available We present a hypothesis-driven study on the variation of melody phrases in a collection of Dutch folk songs. We investigate the variation of phrases within the folk songs through a pattern matching method which detects occurrences of these phrases within folk song variants, and ask the question: do the phrases which show less variation have different properties than those which do? We hypothesize that theories on melody recall may predict variation, and as such, investigate phrase length, the position and number of repetitions of a given phrase in the melody in which it occurs, as well as expectancy and motif repetivity. We show that all of these predictors account for the observed variation to a moderate degree, and that, as hypothesized, those phrases vary less which are rather short, contain highly expected melodic material, occur relatively early in the melody, and contain small pitch intervals. A large portion of the variance is left unexplained by the current model, however, which leads us to a discussion of future approaches to study memorability of melodies.

  19. Predicting Variation of Folk Songs: A Corpus Analysis Study on the Memorability of Melodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Berit; Burgoyne, John A.; Honing, Henkjan

    2017-01-01

    We present a hypothesis-driven study on the variation of melody phrases in a collection of Dutch folk songs. We investigate the variation of phrases within the folk songs through a pattern matching method which detects occurrences of these phrases within folk song variants, and ask the question: do the phrases which show less variation have different properties than those which do? We hypothesize that theories on melody recall may predict variation, and as such, investigate phrase length, the position and number of repetitions of a given phrase in the melody in which it occurs, as well as expectancy and motif repetivity. We show that all of these predictors account for the observed variation to a moderate degree, and that, as hypothesized, those phrases vary less which are rather short, contain highly expected melodic material, occur relatively early in the melody, and contain small pitch intervals. A large portion of the variance is left unexplained by the current model, however, which leads us to a discussion of future approaches to study memorability of melodies. PMID:28487668

  20. Music Information Retrieval from a Singing Voice Using Lyrics and Melody Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shozo Makino

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, several music information retrieval (MIR systems which retrieve musical pieces by the user's singing voice have been developed. All of these systems use only melody information for retrieval, although lyrics information is also useful for retrieval. In this paper, we propose a new MIR system that uses both lyrics and melody information. First, we propose a new lyrics recognition method. A finite state automaton (FSA is used as recognition grammar, and about 86% retrieval accuracy was obtained. We also develop an algorithm for verifying a hypothesis output by a lyrics recognizer. Melody information is extracted from an input song using several pieces of information of the hypothesis, and a total score is calculated from the recognition score and the verification score. From the experimental results, 95.0% retrieval accuracy was obtained with a query consisting of five words.

  1. Music Information Retrieval from a Singing Voice Using Lyrics and Melody Information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzuki Motoyuki

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, several music information retrieval (MIR systems which retrieve musical pieces by the user's singing voice have been developed. All of these systems use only melody information for retrieval, although lyrics information is also useful for retrieval. In this paper, we propose a new MIR system that uses both lyrics and melody information. First, we propose a new lyrics recognition method. A finite state automaton (FSA is used as recognition grammar, and about retrieval accuracy was obtained. We also develop an algorithm for verifying a hypothesis output by a lyrics recognizer. Melody information is extracted from an input song using several pieces of information of the hypothesis, and a total score is calculated from the recognition score and the verification score. From the experimental results, 95.0 retrieval accuracy was obtained with a query consisting of five words.

  2. The Medtronic Melody® transcatheter pulmonary valve implanted at 24-mm diameter--it works.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheatham, Sharon L; Holzer, Ralf J; Chisolm, Joanne L; Cheatham, John P

    2013-11-01

    We report the Melody valve implanted and/or expanded to 24-mm diameter. The Medtronic Melody valve has been implanted up to 22 mm in the pulmonary position for over a decade. A retrospective chart review was performed on 82 patients who underwent Melody valve implant. Technical implant method, pre- and postimplant echocardiographic findings, and initial follow-up were reviewed. Between 04/2008 and 12/2011, 13 Melody valves were successfully implanted in 11 patients, median age 35 years (range 16-61 years), in the pulmonary (bioprosthetic valve, right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit, native valve) position (n = 9), tricuspid position (bioprosthetic valve n = 3), and aortic position (bioprosthetic valve n = 1). Ten valves were delivered on a 24-mm balloon in balloon catheter and three were implanted using a 22-mm Ensemble balloon delivery system, followed by postdilation using a 24-mm × 2-cm Atlas balloon catheter. Postimplant, the median peak systolic gradient across the pulmonary valve was 7 mm Hg and median gradient across the tricuspid valve was 3 mm Hg. There was no change in gradient across the Melody valve in the aortic position where valve prosthesis-patient mismatch was present. Postimplant intracardiac echocardiography demonstrated none or mild valve regurgitation. No more than mild regurgitation was noted at a median follow-up of 9.5 months. The Melody valve can be implanted at 24 mm in the stenotic/regurgitant bioprosthetic pulmonary, tricuspid, and aortic valve, dysfunctional right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit, and the native right ventricular outflow tract, whereas the valve remains competent with only mild regurgitation. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  3. X-15 #3 with test pilot Milt Thompson

    Science.gov (United States)

    1964-01-01

    NASA research pilot Milt Thompson stands next to the X-15 #3 ship after a research flight. Milton 0. Thompson was a research pilot, Chief Engineer and Director of Research Projects during a long career at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center. Thompson was hired as an engineer at the Flight Research Facility on March 19, 1956, when it was still under the auspices of NACA. He became a research pilot on May 25, 1958. Thompson was one of the 12 NASA, Air Force, and Navy pilots to fly the X-15 rocket-powered research aircraft between 1959 and 1968. He began flying X-15s on October 29, 1963. He flew the aircraft 14 times during the following two years, reaching a maximum speed of 3723 mph (Mach 5.42) and a peak altitude of 214,100 feet on separate flights. Thompson concluded his active flying career in 1968, becoming Director of Research Projects. In 1975 he was appointed Chief Engineer and retained the position until his death on August 8, 1993. The X-15 was a rocket-powered aircraft 50 ft long with a wingspan of 22 ft. It was a missile-shaped vehicle with an unusual wedge-shaped vertical tail, thin stubby wings, andunique side fairings that extended along the side of the fuselage. The X-15 weighed about 14,000 lb empty and approximately 34,000 lb at launch. The XLR-99 rocket engine, manufactured by Thiokol Chemical Corp., was pilot controlled and was capable of developing 57,000 lb of thrust. North American Aviation built three X-15 aircraft for the program. The X-15 research aircraft was developed to provide in-flight information and data on aerodynamics, structures, flight controls, and the physiological aspects of high-speed, high-altitude flight. A follow-on program used the aircraft as a testbed to carry various scientific experiments beyond the Earth's atmosphere on a repeated basis. For flight in the dense air of the usable atmosphere, the X-15 used conventional aerodynamic controls such as rudders on the vertical stabilizers to control yaw and movable

  4. X-15 mock-up with test pilot Milt Thompson

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    NASA research pilot Milt Thompson is seen here with the mock-up of X-15 #3 that was later installed at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. Milton 0. Thompson was a research pilot, Chief Engineer and Director of Research Projects during a long career at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center. Thompson was hired as an engineer at the flight research facility on 19 March 1956, when it was still under the auspices of NACA. He became a research pilot on 25 May 1958. Thompson was one of the 12 NASA, Air Force, and Navy pilots to fly the X-15 rocket-powered research aircraft between 1959 and 1968. He began flying X-15s on 29 October 1963. He flew the aircraft 14 times during the following two years, reaching a maximum speed of 3723 mph (Mach 5.42) and a peak altitude of 214,100 feet on separate flights. (On a different flight, he reached a Mach number of 5.48 but his mph was only 3712.) Thompson concluded his active flying career in 1968, becoming Director of Research Projects. In 1975 he was appointed Chief Engineer and retained the position until his death on 8 August 1993. The X-15 was a rocket powered aircraft 50 ft long with a wingspan of 22 ft. It was a missile-shaped vehicle with an unusual wedge-shaped vertical tail, thin stubby wings, and unique side fairings that extended along the side of the fuselage. The X-15 weighed about 14,000 lb empty and approximately 34,000 lb at launch. The XLR-99 rocket engine, manufactured by Thiokol Chemical Corp., was pilot controlled and was capable of developing 57,000 lb of thrust. North American Aviation built three X-15 aircraft for the program. The X-15 research aircraft was developed to provide in-flight information and data on aerodynamics, structures, flight controls, and the physiological aspects of high-speed, high-altitude flight. A follow on program used the aircraft as a testbed to carry various scientific experiments beyond the Earth's atmosphere on a repeated basis. For flight in the dense

  5. Context-Related Melodies in Oral Culture: An Attempt to Describe Words-and-Music Relationships in Local Singing Tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taive Särg

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available In oral folk song traditions we often find many lyrics, but not nearly as many melodies. The terms “polyfunctionalism”, “group melodies” or “general melodies” have been used by Estonian researches to indicate the phenomenon that many lyrics were sung to only one, or a small handful, of tunes. The scarcity of melodies is supposed to be one of several related phenomena characteristic to an oral, text-centred singing culture.In this article the Estonian folk song tradition will be analysed against a quantity of melodies and their usage in the following aspects: word-and-melody relationships and context-and-melody relationships in Karksi parish (south Estonia; a singer; and native musical terms and the process of singing and (recreation.

  6. Sex Differences in Music: A Female Advantage at Recognizing Familiar Melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, Scott A; Miranda, Robbin A; Ullman, Michael T

    2016-01-01

    Although sex differences have been observed in various cognitive domains, there has been little work examining sex differences in the cognition of music. We tested the prediction that women would be better than men at recognizing familiar melodies, since memories of specific melodies are likely to be learned (at least in part) by declarative memory, which shows female advantages. Participants were 24 men and 24 women, with half musicians and half non-musicians in each group. The two groups were matched on age, education, and various measures of musical training. Participants were presented with well-known and novel melodies, and were asked to indicate their recognition of familiar melodies as rapidly as possible. The women were significantly faster than the men in responding, with a large effect size. The female advantage held across musicians and non-musicians, and across melodies with and without commonly associated lyrics, as evidenced by an absence of interactions between sex and these factors. Additionally, the results did not seem to be explained by sex differences in response biases, or in basic motor processes as tested in a control task. Though caution is warranted given that this is the first study to examine sex differences in familiar melody recognition, the results are consistent with the hypothesis motivating our prediction, namely that declarative memory underlies knowledge about music (particularly about familiar melodies), and that the female advantage at declarative memory may thus lead to female advantages in music cognition (particularly at familiar melody recognition). Additionally, the findings argue against the view that female advantages at tasks involving verbal (or verbalizable) material are due solely to a sex difference specific to the verbal domain. Further, the results may help explain previously reported cognitive commonalities between music and language: since declarative memory also underlies language, such commonalities may be

  7. Sex Differences in Music: A Female Advantage at Recognizing Familiar Melodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, Scott A.; Miranda, Robbin A.; Ullman, Michael T.

    2016-01-01

    Although sex differences have been observed in various cognitive domains, there has been little work examining sex differences in the cognition of music. We tested the prediction that women would be better than men at recognizing familiar melodies, since memories of specific melodies are likely to be learned (at least in part) by declarative memory, which shows female advantages. Participants were 24 men and 24 women, with half musicians and half non-musicians in each group. The two groups were matched on age, education, and various measures of musical training. Participants were presented with well-known and novel melodies, and were asked to indicate their recognition of familiar melodies as rapidly as possible. The women were significantly faster than the men in responding, with a large effect size. The female advantage held across musicians and non-musicians, and across melodies with and without commonly associated lyrics, as evidenced by an absence of interactions between sex and these factors. Additionally, the results did not seem to be explained by sex differences in response biases, or in basic motor processes as tested in a control task. Though caution is warranted given that this is the first study to examine sex differences in familiar melody recognition, the results are consistent with the hypothesis motivating our prediction, namely that declarative memory underlies knowledge about music (particularly about familiar melodies), and that the female advantage at declarative memory may thus lead to female advantages in music cognition (particularly at familiar melody recognition). Additionally, the findings argue against the view that female advantages at tasks involving verbal (or verbalizable) material are due solely to a sex difference specific to the verbal domain. Further, the results may help explain previously reported cognitive commonalities between music and language: since declarative memory also underlies language, such commonalities may be

  8. Comparing the rhythm and melody of speech and music: the case of British English and French.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Aniruddh D; Iversen, John R; Rosenberg, Jason C

    2006-05-01

    For over half a century, musicologists and linguists have suggested that the prosody of a culture's native language is reflected in the rhythms and melodies of its instrumental music. Testing this idea requires quantitative methods for comparing musical and spoken rhythm and melody. This study applies such methods to the speech and music of England and France. The results reveal that music reflects patterns of durational contrast between successive vowels in spoken sentences, as well as patterns of pitch interval variability in speech. The methods presented here are suitable for studying speech-music relations in a broad range of cultures.

  9. Sex Differences in Music: A Female Advantage at Recognizing Familiar Melodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael T Ullman

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Although sex differences have been observed in various cognitive domains, there has been little work examining sex differences in the cognition of music. We tested the prediction that women would be better than men at recognizing familiar melodies, since memories of specific melodies are likely to be learned (at least in part by declarative memory, which shows female advantages. Participants were 24 men and 24 women, with half musicians and half non-musicians in each group. The two groups were matched on age, education, and various measures of musical training. Participants were presented with well-known and novel melodies, and were asked to indicate their recognition of familiar melodies as rapidly as possible. The women were significantly faster than the men in responding, with a large effect size. The female advantage held across musicians and non-musicians, and across melodies with and without commonly associated lyrics, as evidenced by an absence of interactions between sex and these factors. Additionally, the results did not seem to be explained by sex differences in response biases, or in basic auditory or motor processes as tested in a control task. Though caution is warranted given that this is the first study to examine sex differences in familiar melody recognition, the results are consistent with the hypothesis motivating our prediction, namely that declarative memory underlies knowledge about music (particularly about familiar melodies, and that the female advantage at declarative memory may thus lead to female advantages in music cognition (particularly at familiar melody recognition. Additionally, the findings argue against the view that female advantages at tasks involving verbal (or verbalizable material are due solely to a sex difference specific to the verbal domain. Further, the results may help explain previously-reported cognitive commonalities between music and language: since declarative memory also underlies language

  10. The ubiquitin extension protein S27a is differentially expressed in developing flower organs of Thompson seedless versus Thompson seeded grape isogenic clones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanania, Uri; Velcheva, Margarita; Sahar, Nachman; Flaishman, Moshe; Or, Etti; Degani, Oded; Perl, Avihai

    2009-07-01

    In Vitis vinifera L. cv. Thompson Seedless, fertilization occurs but seeds abort, a type of stenospermocarpy. To clone transcripts with differential expression during flower development, suppressive subtractive hybridization was carried out using two isogenic clones 'Thompson seedless' and 'Thompson seeded', at three stages of inflorescence development (from bud break to ~20 days prior to anthesis). Differential screening and sequencing of a forward and reverse subtractive cDNA library yielded several singleton ESTs. One differentially expressed clone in 'Thompson' seeded versus seedless isogenic clones was the ubiquitin extension protein S27a. In situ hybridization demonstrated its significantly higher expression in the carpel and ovaries of 'Thompson' seedless versus seeded isogenic clones during flower development. Overexpression of this gene resulted in abnormal plant regeneration and inhibited shoot development compared to controls; its silencing in embryogenic callus induced cell necrosis and callus death, evidencing tight regulation of this gene in developing organs of grape. S27a overexpression in carpels and integuments of the seedless flower may interfere with normal development of these organs, leading to embryo abortion and seedlessness.

  11. Yielding the bully pulpit: a conversation with Tommy Thompson. Interview by John K Iglehart.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Tommy

    2005-01-01

    In January 2005 Tommy Thompson relinquished the post of secretary of the U.S. Department of Human Services (HHS). Known as being an outspoken defender of his principles throughout his tenure at HHS, Thompson continues that tone in an interview conducted shortly after he left Washington. Topics covered include ways to curb Medicare spending; devote greater attention to preventive health and proper incentives for technology; improve the vaccine infrastructure of the United States and the world; and continue to infuse U.S. foreign policy with what Thompson has termed "medical diplomacy," in an effort to counter the messages of America's enemies.

  12. Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford Count Rumford on the nature of heat

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, Sanborn C

    1967-01-01

    Men of Physics: Benjamin Thompson - Count Rumford: Count Rumford on the Nature of Heat covers the significant contributions of Count Rumford in the fields of physics. Count Rumford was born with the name Benjamin Thompson on March 23, 1753, in Woburn, Massachusetts. This book is composed of two parts encompassing 11 chapters, and begins with a presentation of Benjamin Thompson's biography and his interest in physics, particularly as an advocate of an """"anti-caloric"""" theory of heat. The subsequent chapters are devoted to his many discoveries that profoundly affected the physical thought

  13. Verse Structure and Musical Rhythm in Latin Hymn Melodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Büttner, Fred

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available As Thrasybulos Georgiades in his book Music and Language has demonstrated, the “problem of the constant preoccupation of music with language” represents one of the major factors of European Music History. In order to deal with this problem adequately it is, above all, the question about rhythm on the language and on the musical level that has to be asked. In the Latin Hymn, the oldest song genre of European Music History, rhythm materializes on the language level in the structure of verses which has originally resulted from adding long and short syllables in some predefined constellation. Since the distribution of word accents, however, may differ considerably from this constellation, musical rhythm (if adopted at all has the choice to what extent verse structure or divergent word accents should be regarded. Taking Spanish Hymn melodies as examples, it becomes evident what consequences for the rhythmic behaviour of music arise from these possibilities and what perspectives they include for the development of European Music History.

    Como ha demostrado Thrasybulos Georgiades en su libro Music and Language, la “cuestión de la constante preocupación de la música por el lenguaje” representa uno de los elementos más importantes en la historia de la Música en Occidente. Para poder abordar adecuadamente el problema, es necesario, por encima de todo, plantearse la cuestión del ritmo en los planos lingüístico y musical. En el Himno latino, el género más antiguo de canción en la historia de la Música Occidental, el ritmo se materializa en el plano lingüístico a través de la estructura de los versos, que se construyen originalmente por yuxtaposición de sílabas largas y cortas en una estructura predefinida. Dado que la distribución de los acentos del texto puede apartarse considerablemente de esta estructura, el ritmo musical –si es que éste existe– debe elegir entre seguir la estructura de los versos o la de los acentos

  14. Final 2014 Remedial Action Report Project Chariot, Cape Thompson, Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None, None

    2015-03-01

    This report was prepared to document remedial action (RA) work performed at the former Project Chariot site located near Cape Thompson, Alaska during 2014. The work was managed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) Alaska District for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Legacy Management (LM). Due to the short field season and the tight barge schedule, all field work was conducted at the site July 6 through September 12, 2014. Excavation activities occurred between July 16 and August 26, 2014. A temporary field camp was constructed at the site prior to excavation activities to accommodate the workers at the remote, uninhabited location. A total of 785.6 tons of petroleum, oil, and lubricants (POL)-contaminated soil was excavated from four former drill sites associated with test holes installed circa 1960. Diesel was used in the drilling process during test hole installations and resulted in impacts to surface and subsurface soils at four of the five sites (no contamination was identified at Test Hole Able). Historic information is not definitive as to the usage for Test Hole X-1; it may have actually been a dump site and not a drill site. In addition to the contaminated soil, the steel test hole casings were decommissioned and associated debris was removed as part of the remedial effort.

  15. Thompson e Gramsci: história, política e processos de formação Thompson and Gramsci: history, politics and educational processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Vieira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Pretende-se apresentar e explorar as conexões entre as ideias de dois destacados pensadores sociais do século xx, o italiano Antonio Gramsci e o inglês Edward Thompson. O intuito é refletir sobre a centralidade conferida pelas obras desses intelectuais à política, à cultura e à formação humana. Considerando que uma das fontes do pensamento historiográfico de Thompson é a obra de Gramsci, pretendemos dimensionar os pontos de contato entre as duas obras com o fim de pensar nas possibilidades heurísticas que este diálogo poderá ensejar no campo educacional. Concluímos demonstrando que as reflexões de Thompson e de Gramsci convergem em três aspectos principais: a ênfase na história das classes subalternas, a opção pela abordagem historicista do conhecimento e a problematização das concepções de cultura e de formação.This paper investigates the connections between the ideas of two prominent twentieth century's social thinkers, the Italian Antonio Gramsci and the English Edward Thompson. It sets a discussion on the importance these intellectuals granted to politics, culture and human education to highlight similar aspects in both works yet considering that one of the main sources of Thompson's historiographic thought is Gramsci's work. It then reflects on the heuristic possibilities this dialogue may bring to the field of education. It concludes that Gramsci and Thompson's reflections converge on three main aspects: the emphasis on working class history, the option for a historical approach of knowledge and the discussion on the conceptions of culture and education.

  16. On some intertextuality aspects of the fiction by Сh. Bukowski and Н. Thompson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Дзюбенко А. И.

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The article investigates the intertextuality aspects found in the works by Ch. Bukowsky and H. Thompson. These aspect turn out to be connected with life, love and women interpretation in the texts by the abovementioned authors.

  17. Paresev on lakebed with Mercury astronaut Gus Grissom and Dryden test pilot Milt Thompson

    Science.gov (United States)

    1962-01-01

    NASA Flight Research Center Paresev 1-A with Mercury Astronaut Gus Grissom (left) and NASA test pilot Milton Thompson. Do you suppose they are wondering if all those clouds will mean a canceled flight?

  18. A New Approximate Formula for Variance of Horvitz–Thompson Estimator using first order Inclusion Probabilities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Qaiser Shahbaz

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available A new approximate formula for sampling variance of Horvitz–Thompson (1952 estimator has been obtained. Empirical study of the approximate formula has been given to see its performance.

  19. The Golden-Thompson inequality: Historical aspects and random matrix applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forrester, Peter J., E-mail: p.forrester@ms.unimelb.edu.au; Thompson, Colin J. [Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010 (Australia)

    2014-02-15

    The Golden-Thompson inequality, Tr (e{sup A+B}) ⩽ Tr (e{sup A}e{sup B}) for A, B Hermitian matrices, appeared in independent works by Golden and Thompson published in 1965. Both of these were motivated by considerations in statistical mechanics. In recent years the Golden-Thompson inequality has found applications to random matrix theory. In this article, we detail some historical aspects relating to Thompson's work, giving in particular a hitherto unpublished proof due to Dyson, and correspondence with Pólya. We show too how the 2 × 2 case relates to hyperbolic geometry, and how the original inequality holds true with the trace operation replaced by any unitarily invariant norm. In relation to the random matrix applications, we review its use in the derivation of concentration type lemmas for sums of random matrices due to Ahlswede-Winter, and Oliveira, generalizing various classical results.

  20. The Patterns of Music: Young Children Learning Mathematics through Beat, Rhythm, and Melody

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geist, Kamile; Geist, Eugene A.; Kuznik, Kathleen

    2012-01-01

    Research on music and music therapy suggests that math and music are related in the brain from very early in life. Musical elements such as steady beat, rhythm, melody, and tempo possess inherent mathematical principles such as spatial properties, sequencing, counting, patterning, and one-to-one correspondence. With new understanding about the…

  1. The Patterns of Music: Young Children Learning Mathematics through Beat, Rhythm, and Melody

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geist, Kamile; Geist, Eugene A.; Kuznik, Kathleen

    2012-01-01

    Research on music and music therapy suggests that math and music are related in the brain from very early in life. Musical elements such as steady beat, rhythm, melody, and tempo possess inherent mathematical principles such as spatial properties, sequencing, counting, patterning, and one-to-one correspondence. With new understanding about the…

  2. Singers' Recall for the Words and Melody of a New, Unaccompanied Song

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginsborg, Jane; Sloboda, John A.

    2007-01-01

    The nature of the relationship between words and music in memory has been studied in a variety of ways, from investigations of listeners' recall for the words of songs stored in long-term memory to recall for novel information set to unfamiliar melodies. We asked singers to perform an unaccompanied song from memory following deliberate learning…

  3. Culture-General and Culture-Specific Factors in the Discrimination of Melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schellenberg, E. Glenn; Trehub, Sandra E.

    1999-01-01

    Two experiments examined the effects of a culture-general factor, pattern redundancy, on the discrimination of five-tone melodies that differed in their adherence to Western tonal conventions, among 9-month olds, 5-year olds, and adults. Increasing exposure seemed to attenuate the effects of the pattern redundancy while amplifying the influence of…

  4. 70. Surgical mitral valve replacement with modified Melody valve in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed Badr Elwy

    2015-10-01

    Conclusions: The modified Melody valve is a viable option for children MV annular diameters, providing a valid alternative to existing prostheses. The technique is relatively easy and the short term result is very good. This prosthesis will be particularly attractive if maintaining competence after subsequent dilations as the child grows.

  5. Two Polar Fantasies of Con Melody in A Touch of the Poet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王洁琼

    2014-01-01

    Eugene O’Neil’s A Touch of the Poet is concerned with the misfortunes of Cornelius Melody who sways wildly between his grandiose blissful fantasy and dreaded mortifying fantasy. This paper intends to conduct a psychological analysis to ful y understand Melody’s chaotic personality and transformation by exploring Melody’s relationships with other characters, the mirror and the mare.

  6. The flute melody: The experience of mystique in the contemporary context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Siveres

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Mystique is an essential dimension of human condition which could be exercised in different ways through the relationship of a person with oneself, with others and with the transcendent. From our point of view, mystique has historically been linked to religious institutions or incorporated into spiritual experiences, disfiguring it’s specificity to be understood as an inner energy, a movement of connectivity and a light that illuminates the transcendent. In this sense we propose the metaphor of "flute melody", to express that the flute, as an instrument, identifies itself more with the institutions, the beliefs and the symbols, while the melody is closer from energy, movement and light. Isn’t intended to indicate a preference for one of these aspects, but recover the dimension of the melody, up so that the flute has recognized its own statute, valuing the coexistence, the reciprocity or the dialogical relationship between the flute and the melody. Although making reference to an original experience, on the case of Abraham, in which we found the dynamics of internalization, connection and transcendence, the text was elaborated to be a contribution for the mystical experience in the contemporary context.

  7. Predicting Variation of Folk Songs: A Corpus Analysis Study on the Memorability of Melodies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, B.; Burgoyne, J.A.; Honing, H.

    We present a hypothesis-driven study on the variation of melody phrases in a collection of Dutch folk songs. We investigate the variation of phrases within the folk songs through a pattern matching method which detects occurrences of these phrases within folk song variants, and ask the question: do

  8. Analysis of the Field of Public Management: A Response to Kelman, Thompson, Jones, and Schedler

    OpenAIRE

    Candreva, Philip J.

    2004-01-01

    This essay examines the field of public management as explicated in the dialogue between Kelman, Thompson, Jones and Schedler (2003) and others, from the perspective of the philosophy of science. While there may be wide consensus that a substantial body of information about public management exists, Kelman, Thompson, Jones and Schedler are consistent in their view that empirical generalizations and underlying principles do not exist. This assertion notwithstanding, this essay d...

  9. Book Review: Making British law: committees in action by Louise Thompson

    OpenAIRE

    Berry, Richard

    2015-01-01

    In Making British Law: Committees in Action, Louise Thompson presents a history and statistical analysis of the work of bill committees – formerly known as standing committees – and their influence over the process of making British law. Thompson offers a well-evidenced argument that goes beyond the statistics to persuasively account for the role and importance of MPs in shaping government legislation through bill committees, writes Richard Berry.

  10. The acoustic and perceptual cues affecting melody segregation for listeners with a cochlear implant.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy eMarozeau

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Our ability to listen selectively to single sound sources in complex auditory environments is termed ‘auditory stream segregation.’ This ability is affected by peripheral disorders such as hearing loss, as well as plasticity in central processing such as occurs with musical training. Brain plasticity induced by musical training can enhance the ability to segregate sound, leading to improvements in a variety of auditory abilities. The melody segregation ability of 12 cochlear-implant recipients was tested using a new method to determine the perceptual distance needed to segregate a simple 4-note melody from a background of interleaved random-pitch distractor notes. In experiment 1, participants rated the difficulty of segregating the melody from distracter notes. Four physical properties of the distracter notes were changed. In experiment 2, listeners were asked to rate the dissimilarity between melody patterns whose notes differed on the four physical properties simultaneously. Multidimensional scaling analysis transformed the dissimilarity ratings into perceptual distances. Regression between physical and perceptual cues then derived the minimal perceptual distance needed to segregate the melody.The most efficient streaming cue for CI users was loudness. For the normal hearing listeners without musical backgrounds, a greater difference on the perceptual dimension correlated to the temporal envelope is needed for stream segregation in CI users. No differences in streaming efficiency were found between the perceptual dimensions linked to the F0 and the spectral envelope.Combined with our previous results in normally-hearing musicians and non-musicians, the results show that differences in training as well as differences in peripheral auditory processing (hearing impairment and the use of a hearing device influences the way that listeners use different acoustic cues for segregating interleaved musical streams.

  11. Music-to-Color Associations of Single-Line Piano Melodies in Non-synesthetes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Stephen E; Langlois, Thomas A; Schloss, Karen B

    2016-01-01

    Prior research has shown that non-synesthetes' color associations to classical orchestral music are strongly mediated by emotion. The present study examines similar cross-modal music-to-color associations for much better controlled musical stimuli: 64 single-line piano melodies that were generated from four basic melodies by Mozart, whose global musical parameters were manipulated in tempo(slow/fast), note-density (sparse/dense), mode (major/minor) and pitch-height (low/high). Participants first chose the three colors (from 37) that they judged to be most consistent with (and, later, the three that were most inconsistent with) the music they were hearing. They later rated each melody and each color for the strength of its association along four emotional dimensions: happy/sad, agitated/calm, angry/not-angry and strong/weak. The cross-modal choices showed that faster music in the major mode was associated with lighter, more saturated, yellower (warmer) colors than slower music in the minor mode. These results replicate and extend those of Palmer et al. (2013, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. 110, 8836-8841) with more precisely controlled musical stimuli. Further results replicated strong evidence for emotional mediation of these cross-modal associations, in that the emotional ratings of the melodies were very highly correlated with the emotional associations of the colors chosen as going best/worst with the melodies (r = 0.92, 0.85, 0.82 and 0.70 for happy/sad, strong/weak,angry/not-angry and agitated/calm, respectively). The results are discussed in terms of common emotional associations forming a cross-modal bridge between highly disparate sensory inputs.

  12. Post-market surveillance to detect adverse events associated with Melody® valve implantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Kevin D; Goldstein, Bryan H; Angtuaco, Michael J; Chu, Patricia Y; Fleming, Gregory A

    2017-08-01

    The aim of this study was to describe previously unrecognised or under-recognised adverse events associated with Melody® valve implantation. In rare diseases and conditions, it is typically not feasible to conduct large-scale safety trials before drug or device approval. Therefore, post-market surveillance mechanisms are necessary to detect rare but potentially serious adverse events. We reviewed the United States Food and Drug Administration's Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database and conducted a structured literature review to evaluate adverse events associated with on- and off-label Melody® valve implantation. Adverse events were compared with those described in the prospective Investigational Device Exemption and Post-Market Approval Melody® transcatheter pulmonary valve trials. We identified 631 adverse events associated with "on-label" Melody® valve implants and 84 adverse events associated with "off-label" implants. The most frequent "on-label" adverse events were similar to those described in the prospective trials including stent fracture (n=210) and endocarditis (n=104). Previously unrecognised or under-recognised adverse events included stent fragment embolisation (n=5), device erosion (n=4), immediate post-implant severe valvar insufficiency (n=2), and late coronary compression (n=2 cases at 5 days and 3 months after implantation). Under-recognised adverse events associated with off-label implantation included early valve failure due to insufficiency when implanted in the tricuspid position (n=7) and embolisation with percutaneous implantation in the mitral position (n=5). Post-market passive surveillance does not demonstrate a high frequency of previously unrecognised serious adverse events with "on-label" Melody® valve implantation. Further study is needed to evaluate safety of "off-label" uses.

  13. X-15 test pilots - Thompson, Dana, and McKay

    Science.gov (United States)

    1966-01-01

    NASA pilots Milton O. Thompson, William H. 'Bill' Dana, and John B. 'Jack' McKay are seen here in front of the #2 X-15 (56-6671) rocket-powered research aircraft. Among them, the three NASA research pilots made 59 flights in the X-15 (14 for Thompson, 16 for Dana, and 29 for McKay). The X-15 was a rocket-powered aircraft 50 ft long with a wingspan of 22 ft. It was a missile-shaped vehicle with an unusual wedge-shaped vertical tail, thin stubby wings, and unique fairings that extended along the side of the fuselage. The X-15 weighed about 14,000 lb empty and approximately 34,000 lb at launch. The XLR-99 rocket engine, manufactured by Thiokol Chemical Corp., was pilot controlled and was capable of developing 57,000 lb of rated thrust (actual thrust reportedly climbed to 60,000 lb). North American Aviation built three X-15 aircraft for the program. The X-15 research aircraft was developed to provide in-flight information and data on aerodynamics, structures, flight controls, and the physiological aspects of high-speed, high-altitude flight. A follow-on program used the aircraft as a testbed to carry various scientific experiments beyond the Earth's atmosphere on a repeated basis. For flight in the dense air of the usable atmosphere, the X-15 used conventional aerodynamic controls such as rudder surfaces on the vertical stabilizers to control yaw and canted horizontal surfaces on the tail to control pitch when moving in synchronization or roll when moved differentially. For flight in the thin air outside of the appreciable Earth's atmosphere, the X-15 used a reaction control system. Hydrogen peroxide thrust rockets located on the nose of the aircraft provided pitch and yaw control. Those on the wings provided roll control. Because of the large fuel consumption, the X-15 was air launched from a B-52 aircraft at 45,000 ft and a speed of about 500 mph. Depending on the mission, the rocket engine provided thrust for the first 80 to 120 sec of flight. The remainder of the

  14. Optimal control of information epidemics modeled as Maki Thompson rumors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandhway, Kundan; Kuri, Joy

    2014-12-01

    We model the spread of information in a homogeneously mixed population using the Maki Thompson rumor model. We formulate an optimal control problem, from the perspective of single campaigner, to maximize the spread of information when the campaign budget is fixed. Control signals, such as advertising in the mass media, attempt to convert ignorants and stiflers into spreaders. We show the existence of a solution to the optimal control problem when the campaigning incurs non-linear costs under the isoperimetric budget constraint. The solution employs Pontryagin's Minimum Principle and a modified version of forward backward sweep technique for numerical computation to accommodate the isoperimetric budget constraint. The techniques developed in this paper are general and can be applied to similar optimal control problems in other areas. We have allowed the spreading rate of the information epidemic to vary over the campaign duration to model practical situations when the interest level of the population in the subject of the campaign changes with time. The shape of the optimal control signal is studied for different model parameters and spreading rate profiles. We have also studied the variation of the optimal campaigning costs with respect to various model parameters. Results indicate that, for some model parameters, significant improvements can be achieved by the optimal strategy compared to the static control strategy. The static strategy respects the same budget constraint as the optimal strategy and has a constant value throughout the campaign horizon. This work finds application in election and social awareness campaigns, product advertising, movie promotion and crowdfunding campaigns.

  15. M2-F1 on lakebed with pilot Milt Thompson

    Science.gov (United States)

    1963-01-01

    NASA Flight Research Pilot Milt Thompson, shown here on the lakebed with the M2-F1 lifting body, was an early backer of R. Dale Reed's lifting-body proposal. He urged Flight Research Center director Paul Bikle to approve the M2-F1's construction. Thompson also made the first glide flights in both the M2-F1 and its successor, the heavyweight M2-F2. The wingless, lifting body aircraft design was initially conceived as a means of landing an aircraft horizontally after atmospheric reentry. The absence of wings would make the extreme heat of re-entry less damaging to the vehicle. In 1962, NASA Flight Research Center (later Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, CA) management approved a program to build a lightweight, unpowered lifting body as a prototype to flight test the wingless concept. It would look like a 'flying bathtub,' and was designated the M2-F1, the 'M' referring to 'manned' and 'F' referring to 'flight' version. It featured a plywood shell placed over a tubular steel frame crafted at Dryden. Construction was completed in 1963. The first flight tests of the M2-F1 were over Rogers Dry Lake at the end of a tow rope attached to a hopped-up Pontiac convertible driven at speeds up to about 120 mph. This vehicle needed to be able to tow the M2-F1 on the Rogers Dry Lakebed adjacent to NASA's Flight Research Center (FRC) at a minimum speed of 100 miles per hour. To do that, it had to handle the 400-pound pull of the M2-F1. Walter 'Whitey' Whiteside, who was a retired Air Force maintenance officer working in the FRC's Flight Operations Division, was a dirt-bike rider and hot-rodder. Together with Boyden 'Bud' Bearce in the Procurement and Supply Branch of the FRC, Whitey acquired a Pontiac Catalina convertible with the largest engine available. He took the car to Bill Straup's renowned hot-rod shop near Long Beach for modification. With a special gearbox and racing slicks, the Pontiac could tow the 1,000-pound M2-F1 110 miles per hour in 30 seconds. It proved

  16. Continuous loudness response to acoustic intensity dynamics in melodies: effects of melodic contour, tempo, and tonality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olsen, Kirk N; Stevens, Catherine J; Dean, Roger T; Bailes, Freya

    2014-06-01

    The aim of this work was to investigate perceived loudness change in response to melodies that increase (up-ramp) or decrease (down-ramp) in acoustic intensity, and the interaction with other musical factors such as melodic contour, tempo, and tonality (tonal/atonal). A within-subjects design manipulated direction of linear intensity change (up-ramp, down-ramp), melodic contour (ascending, descending), tempo, and tonality, using single ramp trials and paired ramp trials, where single up-ramps and down-ramps were assembled to create continuous up-ramp/down-ramp or down-ramp/up-ramp pairs. Twenty-nine (Exp 1) and thirty-six (Exp 2) participants rated loudness continuously in response to trials with monophonic 13-note piano melodies lasting either 6.4s or 12s. Linear correlation coefficients >.89 between loudness and time show that time-series loudness responses to dynamic up-ramp and down-ramp melodies are essentially linear across all melodies. Therefore, 'indirect' loudness change derived from the difference in loudness at the beginning and end points of the continuous response was calculated. Down-ramps were perceived to change significantly more in loudness than up-ramps in both tonalities and at a relatively slow tempo. Loudness change was also greater for down-ramps presented with a congruent descending melodic contour, relative to an incongruent pairing (down-ramp and ascending melodic contour). No differential effect of intensity ramp/melodic contour congruency was observed for up-ramps. In paired ramp trials assessing the possible impact of ramp context, loudness change in response to up-ramps was significantly greater when preceded by down-ramps, than when not preceded by another ramp. Ramp context did not affect down-ramp perception. The contribution to the fields of music perception and psychoacoustics are discussed in the context of real-time perception of music, principles of music composition, and performance of musical dynamics.

  17. Neural substrates for semantic memory of familiar songs: is there an interface between lyrics and melodies?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoko Saito

    Full Text Available Findings on song perception and song production have increasingly suggested that common but partially distinct neural networks exist for processing lyrics and melody. However, the neural substrates of song recognition remain to be investigated. The purpose of this study was to examine the neural substrates involved in the accessing "song lexicon" as corresponding to a representational system that might provide links between the musical and phonological lexicons using positron emission tomography (PET. We exposed participants to auditory stimuli consisting of familiar and unfamiliar songs presented in three ways: sung lyrics (song, sung lyrics on a single pitch (lyrics, and the sung syllable 'la' on original pitches (melody. The auditory stimuli were designed to have equivalent familiarity to participants, and they were recorded at exactly the same tempo. Eleven right-handed nonmusicians participated in four conditions: three familiarity decision tasks using song, lyrics, and melody and a sound type decision task (control that was designed to engage perceptual and prelexical processing but not lexical processing. The contrasts (familiarity decision tasks versus control showed no common areas of activation between lyrics and melody. This result indicates that essentially separate neural networks exist in semantic memory for the verbal and melodic processing of familiar songs. Verbal lexical processing recruited the left fusiform gyrus and the left inferior occipital gyrus, whereas melodic lexical processing engaged the right middle temporal sulcus and the bilateral temporo-occipital cortices. Moreover, we found that song specifically activated the left posterior inferior temporal cortex, which may serve as an interface between verbal and musical representations in order to facilitate song recognition.

  18. The Harmonic Walk: An Interactive Physical Environment to Learn Tonal Melody Accompaniment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcella Mandanici

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The Harmonic Walk is an interactive physical environment designed for learning and practicing the accompaniment of a tonal melody. Employing a highly innovative multimedia system, the application offers to the user the possibility of getting in touch with some fundamental tonal music features in a very simple and readily available way. Notwithstanding tonal music is very common in our lives, unskilled people as well as music students and even professionals are scarcely conscious of what these features actually are. The Harmonic Walk, through the body movement in space, can provide all these users a live experience of tonal melody structure, chords progressions, melody accompaniment, and improvisation. Enactive knowledge and embodied cognition allow the user to build an inner map of these musical features, which can be acted by moving on the active surface with a simple step. Thorough assessment tests with musicians and nonmusicians high school students could prove the high communicative power and efficiency of the Harmonic Walk application both in improving musical knowledge and in accomplishing complex musical tasks.

  19. The Nature and Nurture of Melody: A Twin Study of Musical Pitch and Rhythm Perception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seesjärvi, Erik; Särkämö, Teppo; Vuoksimaa, Eero; Tervaniemi, Mari; Peretz, Isabelle; Kaprio, Jaakko

    2016-07-01

    Both genetic and environmental factors are known to play a role in our ability to perceive music, but the degree to which they influence different aspects of music cognition is still unclear. We investigated the relative contribution of genetic and environmental effects on melody perception in 384 young adult twins [69 full monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs, 44 full dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs, 70 MZ twins without a co-twin, and 88 DZ twins without a co-twin]. The participants performed three online music tests requiring the detection of pitch changes in a two-melody comparison task (Scale) and key and rhythm incongruities in single-melody perception tasks (Out-of-key, Off-beat). The results showed predominantly additive genetic effects in the Scale task (58 %, 95 % CI 42-70 %), shared environmental effects in the Out-of-key task (61 %, 49-70 %), and non-shared environmental effects in the Off-beat task (82 %, 61-100 %). This highly different pattern of effects suggests that the contribution of genetic and environmental factors on music perception depends on the degree to which it calls for acquired knowledge of musical tonal and metric structures.

  20. Auditory cortical activity during cochlear implant-mediated perception of spoken language, melody, and rhythm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limb, Charles J; Molloy, Anne T; Jiradejvong, Patpong; Braun, Allen R

    2010-03-01

    Despite the significant advances in language perception for cochlear implant (CI) recipients, music perception continues to be a major challenge for implant-mediated listening. Our understanding of the neural mechanisms that underlie successful implant listening remains limited. To our knowledge, this study represents the first neuroimaging investigation of music perception in CI users, with the hypothesis that CI subjects would demonstrate greater auditory cortical activation than normal hearing controls. H(2) (15)O positron emission tomography (PET) was used here to assess auditory cortical activation patterns in ten postlingually deafened CI patients and ten normal hearing control subjects. Subjects were presented with language, melody, and rhythm tasks during scanning. Our results show significant auditory cortical activation in implant subjects in comparison to control subjects for language, melody, and rhythm. The greatest activity in CI users compared to controls was seen for language tasks, which is thought to reflect both implant and neural specializations for language processing. For musical stimuli, PET scanning revealed significantly greater activation during rhythm perception in CI subjects (compared to control subjects), and the least activation during melody perception, which was the most difficult task for CI users. These results may suggest a possible relationship between auditory performance and degree of auditory cortical activation in implant recipients that deserves further study.

  1. Sex hormone influence on human infants' sound characteristics: melody in spontaneous crying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wermke, Kathleen; Hain, Johannes; Oehler, Klaus; Wermke, Peter; Hesse, Volker

    2014-05-01

    The specific impact of sex hormones on brain development and acoustic communication is known from animal models. Sex steroid hormones secreted during early development play an essential role in hemispheric organization and the functional lateralization of the brain, e.g. language. In animals, these hormones are well-known regulators of vocal motor behaviour. Here, the association between melody properties of infants' sounds and serum concentrations of sex steroids was investigated. Spontaneous crying was sampled in 18 healthy infants, averaging two samples taken at four and eight weeks, respectively. Blood samples were taken within a day of the crying samples. The fundamental frequency contour (melody) was analysed quantitatively and the infants' frequency modulation skills expressed by a melody complexity index (MCI). These skills provide prosodic primitives for later language. A hierarchical, multiple regression approach revealed a significant, robust relationship between the individual MCIs and the unbound, bioactive fraction of oestradiol at four weeks as well as with the four-to-eight-week difference in androstenedione. No robust relationship was found between the MCI and testosterone. Our findings suggest that oestradiol may have effects on the development and function of the auditory-vocal system in human infants that are as powerful as those in vocal-learning animals.

  2. Environmental Restoration of Diesel-Range Organics from Project Chariot, Cape Thompson, Alaska

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kautsky, Mark [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Legacy Management; Hutton, Rick [Navarro Research & Engineering; Miller, Judy [Navarro Research & Engineering

    2016-03-06

    The Chariot site is located in the Ogotoruk Valley in the Cape Thompson region of northwest Alaska. Project Chariot was part of the Plowshare Program, created in 1957 by the US Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), a predecessor agency of the US Department of Energy (DOE), to study peaceful uses for atomic energy. Project Chariot began in 1958 when a scientific field team chose Cape Thompson as a potential site to excavate a harbor using a series of nuclear explosions. AEC, with assistance from other agencies, conducted more than 40 pretest bioenvironmental studies of the Cape Thompson area between 1959 and 1962; however, the Plowshare Program work at the Project Chariot site (Figure 1) was cancelled because of strong public opposition [1]. No nuclear explosions were ever conducted at the site.

  3. Inside the Thompson laboratory during the "cerebellar years" and the continuing cerebellar story.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavond, D G; Wikgren, J; Nokia, M S

    2011-02-01

    This paper is based on the talk by one of the authors (DL) given at the symposium for the retirement of RF Thompson (RF Thompson: A bridge between 20th and 21st century neuroscience). We first make some informal observations of the historical times and research conditions in the Thompson laboratory when the cerebellum was found to play a critical role in eye lid classical conditioning, the "cerebellar years". These conditions influenced our collaborative international program on the phenomenon known as "transfer of training" or "savings". Our research shows that the appearance of "savings" is an artifact of the order of testing, and depends upon the functioning of the contralateral interpositus nucleus (IPN) in a way that is complementary to the role of the IPN in normal eyelid classical conditioning.

  4. Test pilots 1962 - Armstrong, Walker, Dana, Peterson, McKay, Thompson, Butchart

    Science.gov (United States)

    1962-01-01

    The research pilots at what in 1962 was called the Flight Research Center standing in front of the X-1E. They are (left to right) Neil Armstrong, Joe Walker, Bill Dana, Bruce Peterson, Jack McKay, Milt Thompson, and Stan Butchart. of the group, Armstrong, Walker, Dana, McKay and Thompson all flew the X-15. Bruce Peterson flew the M2-F2 and HL-10 lifting bodies, while Stan Butchart was the B-29 drop plane pilot for many of the D-558-II and X-1 series research aircraft.

  5. Ações coletivas e culturas populares: alguns apontamentos a partir de Edward Palmer Thompson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Alfredo Costa de Campos Melo Júnior

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available É intenção do presente artigo trabalhar o pensamento social do historiador e militante político Edward Palmer Thompson. Aqui serão discutidas as análises de Thompson sobre as conexões entre as ações coletivas e as culturas populares inglesas do século XVIII. Também serão trabalhadas as polêmicas do autor inglês com seus críticos.

  6. Ações coletivas e culturas populares: alguns apontamentos a partir de Edward Palmer Thompson

    OpenAIRE

    João Alfredo Costa de Campos Melo Júnior

    2010-01-01

    É intenção do presente artigo trabalhar o pensamento social do historiador e militante político Edward Palmer Thompson. Aqui serão discutidas as análises de Thompson sobre as conexões entre as ações coletivas e as culturas populares inglesas do século XVIII. Também serão trabalhadas as polêmicas do autor inglês com seus críticos.

  7. As-Built documentation of programs to implement the Robertson and Doraiswamy/Thompson models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valenziano, D. J. (Principal Investigator)

    1981-01-01

    The software which implements two spring wheat phenology models is described. The main program routines for the Doraiswamy/Thompson crop phenology model and the basic Robertson crop phenology model are DTMAIN and BRMAIN. These routines read meteorological data files and coefficient files, accept the planting date information and other information from the user, and initiate processing. Daily processing for the basic Robertson program consists only of calculation of the basic Robertson increment of crop development. Additional processing in the Doraiswamy/Thompson program includes the calculation of a moisture stress index and correction of the basic increment of development. Output for both consists of listings of the daily results.

  8. Prof C. N. Yang (Physics Nobel Prize 1957) from Tsinghua University (Beijing) during his CERN Colloquium: "Thematic Melodies of Twentieth Century Theoretical Physics: Quantization, Symmetry and Phase Factor".

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2006-01-01

    Prof C. N. Yang (Physics Nobel Prize 1957) from Tsinghua University (Beijing) during his CERN Colloquium: "Thematic Melodies of Twentieth Century Theoretical Physics: Quantization, Symmetry and Phase Factor".

  9. Abstracts of the 4th International MELODI Workshop 12 -14 September 2012, Helsinki, Finland

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sulonen, N. (ed.)

    2012-08-15

    The Fourth International MELODI Workshop is organized by STUK - Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority in Helsinki, Finland, on 12-14 September 2012. The workshop offers an update of recent low-dose research issues, and an opportunity to participate in the MELODI Low Dose Research Platform, a major step in the long term goals that the European Low-Dose Risk research intends to achieve. The main goal of MELODI is to develop and maintain a Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) in the field of low-dose radiation research, and to actively promote its implementation. DoReMi Network of Excellence funded by the European Commission is supporting the setting up of the Platform and addressing some of its research needs. In line with one of the main SRA goals, a major aim of the workshop was to set all topics in an interdisciplinary context. The Workshop abstracts cover plenary lectures as well as poster presentations related to topical discussions in breakout sessions. The theme of the first day 'Low dose risk research - state of the art' provides an introduction to the MELODI activities and the SRA and an update on recent epidemiological studies and dosimetric aspects of low dose studies. Potential implications of cardiovascular disease risk for radiation protection are also addressed. Discussion on the state-of-the art of MELODI SRA took place in three break-out groups addressing epidemiological approaches, cancer mechanisms and models and infrastructures and knowledge management. The second day 'Emerging scientific challenges' features the development of science and novel technologies, covering topics such as epigenetics, systems biology, stem cells as well as biomarkers that could be potentially used in molecular epidemiological studies. The associated breakout sessions explore the roadmap for future research, covering themes on biomarkers and biobanks, non-cancer effects, as well as low dose dosimetry and dose concept. The third day 'Integrating the

  10. Complete genomic sequences of two outbreak strains of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Thompson associated with cilantro

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Thompson strains RM1984 (CADPH-99A2334) and RM1986 (CADPH -99A2345) are clinical isolates from 1999, putatively related to an outbreak in California from contaminated cilantro. We report the complete genome sequences and annotation of these two S. Thompson...

  11. Matrix algebra and sampling theory : The case of the Horvitz-Thompson estimator

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dol, W.; Steerneman, A.G.M.; Wansbeek, T.J.

    Matrix algebra is a tool not commonly employed in sampling theory. The intention of this paper is to help change this situation by showing, in the context of the Horvitz-Thompson (HT) estimator, the convenience of the use of a number of matrix-algebra results. Sufficient conditions for the

  12. Pilot Milt Thompson and the M2-F2 Lifting Body

    Science.gov (United States)

    1966-01-01

    Jay L. King, Joseph D. Huxman and Orion D. Billeter assist NASA research pilot Milt Thompson (on the ladder) into the cockpit of the M2-F2 lifting body research aircraft at the NASA Flight Research Center (now the Dryden Flight Research Center). The M2-F2 is attached to a wing pylon under the wing of NASA's B-52 mothership.

  13. Whose Confession? Which Tradition? (A Preliminary Critique of Penny Thompson, 2004)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doble, Peter

    2005-01-01

    What does Penny Thompson really want? Reading her article in "BJRE" 26 (1) proved a baffling experience: it clearly wanted to say something, and to say it passionately, yet signally failed to do so. It fails largely because it lacks an argument; there seems also to be conceptual muddle at its heart. A fuller critique will need to attend…

  14. Teacher Hiring, Support and Evaluation in Thompson School District, CO. Executive Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    New Teacher Project, 2008

    2008-01-01

    In the spring of 2008, The New Teacher Project (TNTP) partnered with the Thompson School District (TSD) in Loveland, Colorado, to analyze current teacher staffing practices in the district and make recommendations to further build the concentration of highly effective teachers in TSD schools. TNTP's analysis of policy and practice in TSD…

  15. Dr. Steve Thompson, Chief Executive, The Royal Society of New Zealand

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    L. to r.: Dr Austin Ball, Deputy Technical Coordinator, CMS experiment; Dr Roland Horisberger, Paul Scherrer Institute and CERN, CMS experiment; Dr Steve Thompson, Chief Executive, The Royal Society of New Zealand; Dr Michel Della Negra, Spokesman, CMS experiment and Dr Alick Macpherson, Paul Scherrer Institute and CERN, CMS experiment, in the CMS Silicon Tracker assembly hall.

  16. Analysis of Thompson Sampling for the multi-armed bandit problem

    CERN Document Server

    Agrawal, Shipra

    2011-01-01

    The multi-armed bandit problem is a popular model for studying exploration/exploitation trade-off in sequential decision problems. Many algorithms are now available for this well-studied problem. One of the earliest algorithms, given by W. R. Thompson, dates back to 1933. This algorithm, referred to as Thompson Sampling, is a natural Bayesian algorithm. The basic idea is to choose an arm to play according to its probability of being the best arm. Thompson Sampling algorithm has experimentally been shown to be close to optimal. In addition, it is efficient to implement and exhibits several desirable properties such as small regret for delayed feedback. However, theoretical understanding of this algorithm was quite limited. In this paper, for the first time, we show that Thompson Sampling algorithm achieves logarithmic expected regret for the Bernoulli multi-armed bandit problem. More precisely, for the two-armed Bernoulli bandit problem, the expected regret in time $T$ is $O(\\frac{\\ln T}{\\Delta} + \\frac{1}{\\De...

  17. Disfluency prompts analytic thinking--but not always greater accuracy: response to Thompson et al. (2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alter, Adam L; Oppenheimer, Daniel M; Epley, Nicholas

    2013-08-01

    In this issue of Cognition, Thompson and her colleagues challenge the results from a paper we published several years ago (Alter, Oppenheimer, Epley, & Eyre, 2007). That paper demonstrated that metacognitive difficulty or disfluency can trigger more analytical thinking as measured by accuracy on several reasoning tasks. In their experiments, Thompson et al. find evidence that people process information more deeply-but not necessarily more accurately-when they experience disfluency. These results are consistent with our original theorizing, but the authors misinterpret it as counter-evidence because they suggest that accuracy (and even confidence) is a measure of deeper processing rather than a contingent outcome of such processing. We further suggest that Thompson et al. err when they discriminate between "perceptual fluency" and "answer fluency," the former of which is an element of the latter. Thompson et al. advance research by adding reaction time as a measure of deeper cognitive processing, but we caution against misinterpreting the meaning of accuracy. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. MOMFER: A Search Engine of Thompson's Motif-Index of Folk Literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Karsdorp, F.B.; van der Meulen, Marten; Meder, Theo; van den Bosch, Antal

    2015-01-01

    More than fifty years after the first edition of Thompson's seminal Motif-Indexof Folk Literature, we present an online search engine tailored to fully disclose the index digitally. This search engine, called MOMFER, greatly enhances the searchability of the Motif-Index and provides exciting new way

  19. Siloxanes: A new class of candidate Bethe-Zel’dovich-Thompson fluids

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Colonna, P.; Guardone, A.; Nannan, N.R.

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a new class of Bethe-Zel’dovich-Thompson fluids, which are expected to exhibit nonclassical gasdynamic behavior in the single-phase vapor region. These are the linear and cyclic siloxanes, light silicon oils currently employed as working fluids in organic Rankine cycle turbines.

  20. Melody Strengthening in Music Teaching%谈音乐教学中的旋律强化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳娜

    2012-01-01

    在"强化旋律淡化歌词"理念引领下,通过音乐教学中"强化旋律"的实践探索,发现:音乐教学中"强化旋律"可以提升教学实效性,增加教学灵活性,增强教学自主性。强化音乐作品旋律并赋予音乐作品旋律记忆以多种方法,是提高音乐教学实效的有效途径。%The idea of strengthening melody and weakening lyric leads to teaching practice,which finds that melody strengthening can promote teaching effectiveness,flexibility,autonomy.Enhancing music melody and its memory is a helpful way to increase music teaching effect.

  1. 从视觉形象到视觉旋律%From Visual Image to Visual Melody

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏传敏

    2014-01-01

    从审美心理学角度,论证了“视觉旋律”的客观性;以新的视点,确立写实绘画为“视觉形象”,意象和抽象等非写实绘画为“视觉旋律”,由此从根本上解说西方绘画从视觉形象到视觉旋律演变的内在原因。%The objectivity of visual melody was proved from the perspective of aesthetic psychology .From a new perspective ,realistic painting was defined as visual image , unrealistic painting such as imagery and abstract painting was defined as visual melody ,thus it was fundamentally explained for the internal cause of the western painting evolution from visual image to visual melody .

  2. A wavelet-based approach to the discovery of themes and sections in monophonic melodies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Velarde, Gissel; Meredith, David

    We present the computational method submitted to the MIREX 2014 Discovery of Repeated Themes & Sections task, and the results on the monophonic version of the JKU Patterns Development Database. In the context of pattern discovery in monophonic music, the idea behind our method is that, with a good...... melodic structure in terms of segments, it should be possible to gather similar segments into clusters and rank their salience within the piece. We present an approach to this problem and how we address it. In general terms, we represent melodies either as raw 1D pitch signals or as these signals filtered...

  3. Chord-melody : investigação e arranjos para guitarra

    OpenAIRE

    Mongiovi, Angelo Guimarães

    2013-01-01

    O presente trabalho apresenta uma investigação na área do jazz sobre a performance da guitarra elétrica solo, mais popularmente conhecida como chord-melody. Estão presentes breves dados históricos, uma síntese das principais técnicas musicais utilizadas neste estilo performático e arranjos compostos por nós baseados neste idioma musical, tanto em partituras como em DVD. This work presents an investigation in jazz area about the solo performance played in electric guitar, ...

  4. Artificial grammar learning of melody is constrained by melodic inconsistency: Narmour's principles affect melodic learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohrmeier, Martin; Cross, Ian

    2013-01-01

    Considerable evidence suggests that people acquire artificial grammars incidentally and implicitly, an indispensable capacity for the acquisition of music or language. However, less research has been devoted to exploring constraints affecting incidental learning. Within the domain of music, the extent to which Narmour's (1990) melodic principles affect implicit learning of melodic structure was experimentally explored. Extending previous research (Rohrmeier, Rebuschat & Cross, 2011), the identical finite-state grammar is employed having terminals (the alphabet) manipulated so that melodies generated systematically violated Narmour's principles. Results indicate that Narmour-inconsistent melodic materials impede implicit learning. This further constitutes a case in which artificial grammar learning is affected by prior knowledge or processing constraints.

  5. The relationship of music to the melody of speech and to syntactic processing disorders in aphasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Aniruddh D

    2005-12-01

    Two new empirical studies address the relationship between music and language. The first focuses on melody and uses research in phonetics to investigate the long-held notion that instrumental music reflects speech patterns in a composer's native language. The second focuses on syntax and addresses the relationship between musical and linguistic syntactic processing via the study of aphasia, an approach that has been explored very little. The results of these two studies add to a growing body of evidence linking music and language with regard to structural patterns and brain processing.

  6. Mu rhythm suppression demonstrates action representation in pianists during passive listening of piano melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, C Carolyn; Hamm, Jeff P; Lim, Vanessa K; Kirk, Ian J

    2016-08-01

    Musicians undergo extensive training which enhances established neural links between auditory and motor areas of the brain. Long-term training develops, strengthens and enables flexibility in these connections allowing proficiency in performance. Previous research has indicated that passive listening of trained music results in the recruitment of premotor areas. It has been argued that this sound-action representation may rely on activity in mirror neuron systems and that these systems are heavily dependent on actual sensorimotor experience. Action observation studies using electroencephalography have associated changes in mu rhythm activity with the mirror neuron system in the visuomotor domain. We aimed to investigate similar effects in the audiomotor domain. We utilised a mu suppression method in our action-listening study to detect involuntary motor coactivation when pianists passively listened to piano melodies. Wavelet analysis revealed sensorimotor mu rhythm suppression while pianists listened passively to piano melodies. Thus, we show that this spectral analysis method can also be used to demonstrate that auditory stimuli can activate the human mirror neuron system when sounds are linked to actions. Mu suppression could be a useful index for further research on action representation and training-induced plasticity.

  7. Learning and liking of melody and harmony: further studies in artificial grammar learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loui, Psyche

    2012-10-01

    Much of what we know and love about music is based on implicitly acquired mental representations of musical pitches and the relationships between them. While previous studies have shown that these mental representations of music can be acquired rapidly and can influence preference, it is still unclear which aspects of music influence learning and preference formation. This article reports two experiments that use an artificial musical system to examine two questions: (1) which aspects of music matter most for learning, and (2) which aspects of music matter most for preference formation. Two aspects of music are tested: melody and harmony. In Experiment 1 we tested the learning and liking of a new musical system that is manipulated melodically so that only some of the possible conditional probabilities between successive notes are presented. In Experiment 2 we administered the same tests for learning and liking, but we used a musical system that is manipulated harmonically to eliminate the property of harmonic whole-integer ratios between pitches. Results show that disrupting melody (Experiment 1) disabled the learning of music without disrupting preference formation, whereas disrupting harmony (Experiment 2) does not affect learning and memory but disrupts preference formation. Results point to a possible dissociation between learning and preference in musical knowledge. Copyright © 2012 Cognitive Science Society, Inc.

  8. [Recent trends in the psychology of music perception: the perceptual processes of melody and musical pitch].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuzaki, M

    1988-08-01

    In this article some of the recent researches on music perception are reviewed, with a special emphasis upon those that concern melody organization and musical pitch. Lerdahl and Jackendoff (1983) pointed out that there is a grammatical parallel between music and language, and presented some grammatical rules for the tonal music. Serafine (1983) cautioned us not to confuse the "style principles" with the "musical cognitive process". The recent experiments on musical pitch and melody has reinforced the psychological validity of musical segmentation, tonality, pitch chroma, scale, and key. Theoretical approaches to the relations in the scale systems gave the possibility of a "new scale system" for use in psychological experiments, while the recent pitch models has made it possible for us to control tonality and to generate tones never used before in playing music. The need for a greater cross-stylistic generality of psychological concepts in music and the farther clarification of the "musical cognitive process" through experiments utilizing the "new scale system" and the "new tones" are indicated.

  9. Melody recognition revisited: influence of melodic Gestalt on the encoding of relational pitch information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Yune-Sang; Janata, Petr; Frost, Carlton; Martinez, Zachary; Granger, Richard

    2015-02-01

    Melody recognition entails the encoding of pitch intervals between successive notes. While it has been shown that a whole melodic sequence is better encoded than the sum of its constituent intervals, the underlying reasons have remained opaque. Here, we compared listeners' accuracy in encoding the relative pitch distance between two notes (for example, C, E) of an interval to listeners accuracy under the following three modifications: (1) doubling the duration of each note (C - E -), (2) repetition of each note (C, C, E, E), and (3) adding a preceding note (G, C, E). Repeating (2) or adding an extra note (3) improved encoding of relative pitch distance when the melodic sequences were transposed to other keys, but lengthening the duration (1) did not improve encoding relative to the standard two-note interval sequences. Crucially, encoding accuracy was higher with the four-note sequences than with long two-note sequences despite the fact that sensory (pitch) information was held constant. We interpret the results to show that re-forming the Gestalts of two-note intervals into two-note "melodies" results in more accurate encoding of relational pitch information due to a richer structural context in which to embed the interval.

  10. The Third Pole and Climate Change--An Interview with Prof. Lonnie Thompson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In late October 2011, the distinguished glaciologist Lonnie Thompson from Ohio State University depicted to BCAS reporter XIN Ling how environment has been changing in the Tibetan Plateau region, which he sees as a global research focus in the coming decade. As one of the first Westerners to drill and study ice cores in China, he also recalled his collaboration and friendship with scholars from the Chinese Academy of Sciences since 1984.

  11. The Third Pole and Climate Change——An Interview with Prof.Lonnie Thompson

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ In late October 2011, the distinguished glaciologist Lonnie Thompson from Ohio State University depicted to BCAS reporter XIN Ling how environment has been changing in the Tibetan Plateau region, which he sees as a global research focus in the coming decade.As one of the first Westerners to drill and study ice cores in China, he also recalled his collaboration and friendship with scholars from the Chinese Academy of Sciences since 1984.

  12. Effects of photon noise on speckle image reconstruction with the Knox-Thompson algorithm. [in astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nisenson, P.; Papaliolios, C.

    1983-01-01

    An analysis of the effects of photon noise on astronomical speckle image reconstruction using the Knox-Thompson algorithm is presented. It is shown that the quantities resulting from the speckle average arre biased, but that the biases are easily estimated and compensated. Calculations are also made of the convergence rate for the speckle average as a function of the source brightness. An illustration of the effects of photon noise on the image recovery process is included.

  13. Zooplankton data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in Arabian Sea; 18 September 1994 to 27 December 1995 (NODC Accession 9800077)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Zooplankton data were collected using zooplankton net casts in Arabian Sea from THOMAS G. THOMPSON. Data were collected from 18 September 1994 to 27 December 1995...

  14. Zooplankton data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in Arabian Sea; 01 January 1995 to 15 September 1995 (NODC Accession 9800071)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Zooplankton data were collected using zooplankton net casts in Arabian Sea from THOMAS G. THOMPSON. Data were collected from 01 January 1995 to 15 September 1995 by...

  15. An fMRI comparison of neural activity associated with recognition of familiar melodies in younger and older adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ritu eSikka

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Several studies of semantic memory in non-musical domains involving recognition of items from long-term memory have shown an age-related shift from the medial temporal lobe structures to the frontal lobe. However, the effects of aging on musical semantic memory remain unexamined. We compared activation associated with recognition of familiar melodies in younger and older adults. Recognition follows successful retrieval from the musical lexicon that comprises a lifetime of learned musical phrases. We used the sparse-sampling technique in fMRI to determine the neural correlates of melody recognition by comparing activation when listening to familiar versus unfamiliar melodies, and to identify age differences. Recognition-related cortical activation was detected in the right superior temporal, bilateral inferior and superior frontal, left middle orbitofrontal, bilateral precentral, and left supramarginal gyri. Region-of-interest analysis showed greater activation for younger adults in the left superior temporal gyrus and for older adults in the left superior frontal, left angular, and bilateral superior parietal regions. Our study provides powerful evidence for these musical memory networks due to a large sample (N = 40 that includes older adults. This study is the first to investigate the neural basis of melody recognition in older adults and to compare the findings to younger adults.

  16. Simulating the Effects of Spread of Electric Excitation on Musical Tuning and Melody Identification with a Cochlear Implant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spahr, Anthony J.; Litvak, Leonid M.; Dorman, Michael F.; Bohanan, Ashley R.; Mishra, Lakshmi N.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: To determine why, in a pilot study, only 1 of 11 cochlear implant listeners was able to reliably identify a frequency-to-electrode map where the intervals of a familiar melody were played on the correct musical scale. The authors sought to validate their method and to assess the effect of pitch strength on musical scale recognition in…

  17. Simulating the Effects of Spread of Electric Excitation on Musical Tuning and Melody Identification with a Cochlear Implant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spahr, Anthony J.; Litvak, Leonid M.; Dorman, Michael F.; Bohanan, Ashley R.; Mishra, Lakshmi N.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: To determine why, in a pilot study, only 1 of 11 cochlear implant listeners was able to reliably identify a frequency-to-electrode map where the intervals of a familiar melody were played on the correct musical scale. The authors sought to validate their method and to assess the effect of pitch strength on musical scale recognition in…

  18. Relation of Melody Complexity in Infants' Cries to Language Outcome in the Second Year of Life: A Longitudinal Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wermke, Kathleen; Leising, Daniel; Stellzig-Eisenhauer, Angelika

    2007-01-01

    This study is part of the German Language Development Study's prospective longitudinal research programme on infants from birth until the age of 3 years. Thirty-four infants were retrospectively classified into two groups (normal/delayed) by their language skills at 2.5 years of age. Frequency spectrograms and melodies of about 11,000 cries from…

  19. Effect of Voice-Part Training and Music Complexity on Focus of Attention to Melody or Harmony

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Lindsey R.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible effects of choral voice-part training/experience and music complexity on focus of attention to melody or harmony. Participants (N = 150) were members of auditioned university choral ensembles divided by voice-part (sopranos, n = 44; altos, n = 33; tenors, n = 35; basses, n = 38). The music…

  20. Immortal Melody

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China celebrates 50 years of the Butterfly Lovers violin concerto The legend of Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai, known as China’s Romeo and Juliet, has moved generations of Chinese. The doleful and romantic story of

  1. Exploiting Open Environmental Data using Linked Data and Cloud Computing: the MELODIES project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blower, Jon; Gonçalves, Pedro; Caumont, Hervé; Koubarakis, Manolis; Perkins, Bethan

    2015-04-01

    The European Open Data Strategy establishes important new principles that ensure that European public sector data will be released at no cost (or marginal cost), in machine-readable, commonly-understood formats, and with liberal licences enabling wide reuse. These data encompass both scientific data about the environment (from Earth Observation and other fields) and other public sector information, including diverse topics such as demographics, health and crime. Many open geospatial datasets (e.g. land use) are already available through the INSPIRE directive and made available through infrastructures such as the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). The intention of the Open Data Strategy is to stimulate the growth of research and value-adding services that build upon these data streams; however, the potential value inherent in open data, and the benefits that can be gained by combining previously-disparate sources of information are only just starting to become understood. The MELODIES project (Maximising the Exploitation of Linked Open Data In Enterprise and Science) is developing eight innovative and sustainable services, based upon Open Data, for users in research, government, industry and the general public in a broad range of societal and environmental benefit areas. MELODIES (http://melodiesproject.eu) is a European FP7 project that is coordinated by the University of Reading and has sixteen partners (including nine SMEs) from eight European countries. It started in November 2013 and will run for three years. The project is therefore in its early stages and therefore we will value the opportunity that this workshop affords to present our plans and interact with the wider Linked Geospatial Data community. The project is developing eight new services[1] covering a range of domains including agriculture, urban ecosystems, land use management, marine information, desertification, crisis management and hydrology. These services will combine Earth

  2. Exposing Coverage Data to the Semantic Web within the MELODIES project: Challenges and Solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riechert, Maik; Blower, Jon; Griffiths, Guy

    2016-04-01

    Coverage data, typically big in data volume, assigns values to a given set of spatiotemporal positions, together with metadata on how to interpret those values. Existing storage formats like netCDF, HDF and GeoTIFF all have various restrictions that prevent them from being preferred formats for use over the web, especially the semantic web. Factors that are relevant here are the processing complexity, the semantic richness of the metadata, and the ability to request partial information, such as a subset or just the appropriate metadata. Making coverage data available within web browsers opens the door to new ways for working with such data, including new types of visualization and on-the-fly processing. As part of the European project MELODIES (http://melodiesproject.eu) we look into the challenges of exposing such coverage data in an interoperable and web-friendly way, and propose solutions using a host of emerging technologies like JSON-LD, the DCAT and GeoDCAT-AP ontologies, the CoverageJSON format, and new approaches to REST APIs for coverage data. We developed the CoverageJSON format within the MELODIES project as an additional way to expose coverage data to the web, next to having simple rendered images available using standards like OGC's WMS. CoverageJSON partially incorporates JSON-LD but does not encode individual data values as semantic resources, making use of the technology in a practical manner. The development also focused on it being a potential output format for OGC WCS. We will demonstrate how existing netCDF data can be exposed as CoverageJSON resources on the web together with a REST API that allows users to explore the data and run operations such as spatiotemporal subsetting. We will show various use cases from the MELODIES project, including reclassification of a Land Cover dataset client-side within the browser with the ability for the user to influence the reclassification result by making use of the above technologies.

  3. 旋律是音乐的灵魂%Melody is the Soul of Music

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金小兰

    2014-01-01

    Melody, also called tune, is the basic element of music. It is an organized artistic, rhythmic and harmonious movement formed through the conception of musical ideas. It is based on a certain style and tempo of the tune, according to a certain pitch, time value and volume constituted monophonic conducted with logical factors.%旋律亦称曲调,是音乐的基本要素,经过艺术构思而形成的若干乐音的有组织、有节奏的和谐运动。它是建立在一定的调式和节拍的基础上,按一定的音高、时值和音量构成的、具有逻辑因素的单声部进行的。

  4. Artificial grammar learning of melody is constrained by melodic inconsistency: Narmour's principles affect melodic learning.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Rohrmeier

    Full Text Available Considerable evidence suggests that people acquire artificial grammars incidentally and implicitly, an indispensable capacity for the acquisition of music or language. However, less research has been devoted to exploring constraints affecting incidental learning. Within the domain of music, the extent to which Narmour's (1990 melodic principles affect implicit learning of melodic structure was experimentally explored. Extending previous research (Rohrmeier, Rebuschat & Cross, 2011, the identical finite-state grammar is employed having terminals (the alphabet manipulated so that melodies generated systematically violated Narmour's principles. Results indicate that Narmour-inconsistent melodic materials impede implicit learning. This further constitutes a case in which artificial grammar learning is affected by prior knowledge or processing constraints.

  5. Word and melody in the opus of Momčilo and Svetomir Nastasijević

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peno Vesna

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In the house of artistically gifted family Nastasijević where renowned Belgrade artists used to gather together during the twenties and thirties of the previous century, music was nothing but an excuse for regular meetings. The art of sound represented a backbone of one system of poetics in the shaping of which Nastasijević brothers as well as their close contemporaries and faithful friends truly found the common ground. Rethinking the music phenomenon brought them close to their otherwise remote relatives by thought - to Greek philosophers, but also to French and especially Russian symbolists whose opinions they shared. A pursue for, on one hand, an authentically native but, on the other, cosmopolitan spirit and universal values, marked the creative output of Momčilo, a writer and a pivot of Nastasijević family, but also the overall creative engagement of his brothers. They all shared common aesthetic standards, attempting to apply these in their respective artistic media as well as in synergy, in their joint ventures. In music dramas entitled Međuluško blago and Đurađ Branković, for which Momčilo wrote the script and Svetomir composed the music, the brothers tried to transform into deeds the Nastasijević-like convictions regarding music. The aim was to re-find and turn a native - homeland melody into sound. This melody represented a “golden ratio point” in which all arts meet; it is a kind of a spiritual totality embodying one form of spiritual existence which cannot be reached otherwise but from the “homeland soil”. They believed they would reach the archetype of national identity and, at the same time, of the universal being by harking at and perpetual crying for the forgotten sound of words. Momčilo’s poetic concept demanded necessary interventions in respect to the dramatic genre. In his essay Dramsko stvaralaštvo i pozorište kod nas, he unequivocally opposed to what he argued to be a decadent and artistically

  6. The effect of melody and technique on the singing voice accuracy of trained singers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larrouy-Maestri, Pauline; Magis, David; Morsomme, Dominique

    2014-10-01

    A previous study highlighted the effect of vocal technique on the singing voice accuracy of trained singers. The intervals' precision between the notes of the tune was altered when the singers used Western operatic singing technique. In order better to understand these results, we have recorded two different melodies sung with two different vocal techniques. A large panel of trained singers (n = 50) participated in the study. The analytical method described in the reference paper has been applied. The results confirm the effect of vocal technique on the vocal accuracy of trained singers. In addition, these results provide an answer about the melodic effect and guide future work on the perception process of operatic voices.

  7. En studie i den tidiga hårdrockens vokala melodier

    OpenAIRE

    Robelius, Anders

    2001-01-01

    Abstract  Anders Robelius: En studie av den tidiga hårdrockens vokala melodier. – Uppsala: Musikvetenskap 2002. 60 p. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka de vokala melodierna hos tre stycken grupper som anses vara viktiga företrädare för den tidiga hårdrocken, som växte fram i England vid sjuttiotalets början. De tre grupperna är Led Zeppelin, Deep Purple och Black Sabbath. Fyra stycken frågor ska besvaras. För det första: finns det något eller några intervall som är särskilt förekomman...

  8. Segment-based Melody Matching for Query By Singing/Humming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lai Wen-Hsing

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Segment-based melody matching approaches are proposed to solve the problems of pitch instability, tempo inconsistency, and puff noise of singing/humming in Query By Singing/Humming system. Instead of comparing frame by frame from the beginning and trying different scaling ratio, our segment-based approaches reduce the computation complexity by jumping to the possible segment boundary and using the segment ratio as scaling ratio. Our methods predict segment boundary candidates in query singing/humming and songs in database by detecting the abrupt change of pitch curve, match segment pair, scale each segment linearly and calculate the distance. The top 10 recognition rate of our method can reach 70.6%. Our method reduce computational load and performs better in situations of puff noise and inconsistent tempo than popular global Linear Scaling method.

  9. Absolute memory for musical pitch: evidence from the production of learned melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitin, D J

    1994-10-01

    Evidence for the absolute nature of long-term auditory memory is provided by analyzing the production of familiar melodies. Additionally, a two-component theory of absolute pitch is presented, in which this rare ability is conceived as consisting of a more common ability, pitch memory, and a separate, less common ability, pitch labeling. Forty-six subjects sang two different popular songs, and their productions were compared with the actual pitches used in recordings of those songs. Forty percent of the subjects sang the correct pitch on at least one trial; 12% of the subjects hit the correct pitch on both trials, and 44% came within two semitones of the correct pitch on both trials. The results show a convergence with previous studies on the stability of auditory imagery and latent absolute pitch ability; the results further suggest that individuals might possess representations of pitch that are more stable and accurate than previously recognized.

  10. On the Beauty of Melody in Chinese Classical Music Works%试论中国古典音乐作品的旋律美

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴淑元

    2014-01-01

    中国古典音乐具有旋律美,中国古典音乐旋律美主要通过两种形式表现:一是流畅的旋律;二是多变的旋律。中国古典音乐的旋律美可以升华人类的情感,净化人类的心灵。%The beauty of melody in Chinese classical music can be reflected through two kinds of forms:one is smooth-flowing melody and the other is diverse rhyme.Chinese classical music has the most beautiful melody. The beauty of melody may not only elevate human emotions,but purify human mind.

  11. Land use, fishing, climate change, and decline of Thompson River, British Columbia, coho salmon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bradford, M. J.; Irvine, J. R. [Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, BC (Canada)

    2000-01-01

    Reasons for the decline in abundance of Pacific salmon population in the Thompson River watershed in British Columbia was investigated. Results suggests that the decline could be the result of a declining trend in productivity related to changes in ocean conditions, overfishing, and changes in the freshwater habitat. The abundance of salmon correlated with agricultural land use, road density, and qualitative changes in stream habitat status; logging appeared to have had no such effect. It was concluded that salmon populations will continue to decline unless limits on fishing are strictly enforced, and unless salmon producing watersheds are restored and ocean conditions are significantly improved . 12 refs., 2 figs.

  12. Melody Extraction Method from MIDI Based on H-K Algorithm%基于H-K算法的MIDI音乐主旋律提取

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘勇; 林景栋; 穆伟力

    2011-01-01

    音乐的主旋律音轨包含了很多重要的音乐旋律信息,是音乐特征识别的基础,也是音乐灯光表演方案设计的前提工作.这方面的工作涉及了音乐旋律的表达、旋律特征的抽取以及分类技术等许多内容.针对多音轨MIDI文件,介绍一种多音轨MIDI音乐主旋律识别方法.通过对表征音乐旋律的特征量的提取,采用H-K分类算法,构建音轨分类器模型,对MIDI主旋律音轨和伴奏旋律音轨进行分类,从而提取MIDI音乐主旋律音轨.实验结果显示取得了较好的效果,为音乐灯光表演方案的自动设计做了必要的前提工作.%Main melody is the basis of the music feature recognition and the premise of music light show design work by compute, as it contains the most important information about music melody.This work includes many questions, such as melody representation, melody character exwaction and classifying technology.This paper represents a model for auto melody extraction method for multi-track MIDI files.Construct the feature vector space by means of extracting the music melody feature.To classify the melody of the main track and the accompaniment tracks with the H-K algorithm in order t6 exwact the main melody track, and achieved good results.It prepares for the program of automatic design the music light show.

  13. The Rosslyn Code: Can Physics Explain a 500-Year Old Melody Etched in the Walls of a Scottish Chapel?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilson, Chris [State Magazine

    2011-10-19

    For centuries, historians have puzzled over a series of 213 symbols carved into the stone of Scotland’s Rosslyn Chapel. (Disclaimer: You may recognize this chapel from The Da Vinci Code, but this is real and unrelated!) Several years ago, a composer and science enthusiast noticed that the symbols bore a striking similarity to Chladni patterns, the elegant images that form on a two- dimensional surface when it vibrates at certain frequencies. This man’s theory: A 500-year-old melody was inscribed in the chapel using the language of physics. But not everyone is convinced. Slate senior editor Chris Wilson travelled to Scotland to investigate the claims and listen to this mysterious melody, whatever it is. Come find out what he discovered, including images of the patterns and audio of the music they inspired.

  14. Test pilots 1962 - Thompson, McKay, Dana, Armstrong, Peterson, Butchart, Walker

    Science.gov (United States)

    1962-01-01

    A group photo of NASA research pilots at the front door of the Flight Research Center headquarters building. In the front row are (left to right) Milt Thompson, Jack McKay, and Bill Dana. All three flew the X-15, and Thompson and Dana were also involved in the lifting body flights. McKay was injured in a crash landing in X-15 #2. Although he recovered, the injuries eventually forced him to retire from research flying. In the back row (left to right) are Neil Armstrong, Bruce Peterson, Stanley Butchart, and Joe Walker. Armstrong and Walker also both flew the X-15. Soon after this photo was taken, Armstrong was selected as an astronaut, and seven years later became the first man to walk on the Moon. Walker made the highest flight in the X-15, reaching 354,200 feet. He then went on to fly the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle, and was killed on June 8, 1966 when his F-104N collided with the XB-70. Peterson made the first flight in the HL-10 lifting body, and was later badly injured in the crash of the M2-F2 lifting body. Butchart flew a wide range of research missions in the 1950s, and was the B-29 drop plane pilot for a number of rocket flight.

  15. Large outbreak of Salmonella Thompson related to smoked salmon in the Netherlands, August to December 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friesema, I; de Jong, A; Hofhuis, A; Heck, M; van den Kerkhof, H; de Jonge, R; Hameryck, D; Nagel, K; van Vilsteren, G; van Beek, P; Notermans, D; van Pelt, W

    2014-10-02

    On 15 August 2012, an increase in the number of Salmonella Thompson cases was noticed by the Salmonella surveillance in the Netherlands. A case–control study was performed, followed by a food investigation. In total 1,149 cases were laboratory-confirmed between August and December 2012 of which four elderly (76–91 years) were reported to have died due to the infection. The cause of the outbreak was smoked salmon processed at a single site. The smoked salmon had been continuously contaminated in the processing lines through reusable dishes, which turned out to be porous and had become loaded with bacteria. This is the largest outbreak of salmonellosis ever recorded in the Netherlands. The temporary closure of the processing site and recall of the smoked salmon stopped the outbreak. An estimated four to six million Dutch residents were possibly exposed to the contaminated smoked salmon and an estimated 23,000 persons would have had acute gastroenteritis with S. Thompson during this outbreak. This outbreak showed that close collaboration between diagnostic laboratories, regional public health services, the national institute for public health and the food safety authorities is essential in outbreak investigations.

  16. Language and music: differential hemispheric dominance in detecting unexpected errors in the lyrics and melody of memorized songs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yasui, Takuya; Kaga, Kimitaka; Sakai, Kuniyoshi L

    2009-02-01

    Using magnetoencephalography (MEG), we report here the hemispheric dominance of the auditory cortex that is selectively modulated by unexpected errors in the lyrics and melody of songs (lyrics and melody deviants), thereby elucidating under which conditions the lateralization of auditory processing changes. In experiment 1 using familiar songs, we found that the dipole strength of responses to the lyrics deviants was left-dominant at 140 ms (M140), whereas that of responses to the melody deviants was right-dominant at 130 ms (M130). In experiment 2 using familiar songs with a constant syllable or pitch, the dipole strength of frequency mismatch negativity elicited by oddballs was left-dominant. There were significant main effects of experiment (1 and 2) for the peak latencies and for the coordinates of the dipoles, indicating that the M140 and M130 were not the frequency mismatch negativity. In experiment 3 using newly memorized songs, the right-dominant M130 was observed only when the presented note was unexpected one, independent of perceiving unnatural pitch transitions (i.e., perceptual saliency) and of selective attention to the melody of songs. The consistent right-dominance of the M130 between experiments 1 and 3 suggests that the M130 in experiment 1 is due to unexpected notes deviating from well-memorized songs. On the other hand, the left-dominant M140 was elicited by lyrics deviants, suggesting the influence of top-down linguistic information and the memory of the familiar songs. We thus conclude that the left- lateralized M140 and right-lateralized M130 reflect the expectation based on top-down information of language and music, respectively.

  17. Activation and connectivity patterns of the presupplementary and dorsal premotor areas during free improvisation of melodies and rhythms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Manzano, Örjan; Ullén, Fredrik

    2012-10-15

    Free, i.e. non-externally cued generation of movement sequences is fundamental to human behavior. We have earlier hypothesized that the dorsal premotor cortex (PMD), which has been consistently implicated in cognitive aspects of planning and selection of spatial motor sequences may be particularly important for the free generation of spatial movement sequences, whereas the pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA), which shows increased activation during perception, learning and reproduction of temporal sequences, may contribute more to the generation of temporal structures. Here we test this hypothesis using fMRI and musical improvisation in professional pianists as a model behavior. We employed a 2 × 2 factorial design with the factors Melody (Specified/Improvised) and Rhythm (Specified/Improvised). The main effect analyses partly confirmed our hypothesis: there was a main effect of Melody in the PMD; the pre-SMA was present in the main effect of Rhythm, as predicted, as well as in the main effect of Melody. A psychophysiological interaction analysis of functional connectivity demonstrated that the correlation in activity between the pre-SMA and cerebellum was higher during rhythmic improvisation than during the other conditions. In summary, there were only subtle differences in activity level between the pre-SMA and PMD during improvisation, regardless of condition. Consequently, the free generation of rhythmic and melodic structures, appears to be largely integrated processes but the functional connectivity between premotor areas and other regions may change during free generation in response to sequence-specific spatiotemporal demands.

  18. EMPIRICAL COMPARISON OF VARIOUS APPROXIMATE ESTIMATORS OF THE VARIANCE OF HORVITZ THOMPSON ESTIMATOR UNDER SPLIT METHOD OF SAMPLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeraj Tiwari

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Under inclusion probability proportional to size (IPPS sampling, the exact secondorder inclusion probabilities are often very difficult to obtain, and hence variance of the Horvitz- Thompson estimator and Sen-Yates-Grundy estimate of the variance of Horvitz-Thompson estimator are difficult to compute. Hence the researchers developed some alternative variance estimators based on approximations of the second-order inclusion probabilities in terms of the first order inclusion probabilities. We have numerically compared the performance of the various alternative approximate variance estimators using the split method of sample selection

  19. Is there a tape recorder in your head? How the brain stores and retrieves musical melodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef P Rauschecker

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Music consists of strings of sound that vary over time. Technical devices, such as tape recorders, store musical melodies by transcribing event times of temporal sequences into consecutive locations on the storage medium. Playback occurs by reading out the stored information in the same sequence. However, it is unclear how the brain stores and retrieves auditory sequences. Neurons in the anterior lateral belt of auditory cortex are sensitive to the combination of sound features in time, but the integration time of these neurons is not sufficient to store longer sequences that stretch over several seconds, minutes or more. Functional imaging studies in humans provide evidence that music is stored instead within the auditory dorsal stream, including premotor and prefrontal areas. In monkeys, these areas are the substrate for learning of motor sequences. It appears, therefore, that the auditory dorsal stream transforms musical into motor sequence information and vice versa, realizing what are known as forward and inverse models. The basal ganglia and the cerebellum are involved in setting up the sensorimotor associations, translating timing information into spatial codes and back again.

  20. Effect of heat treatment, pH, sugar concentration, and metal addition on green color retention in homogenized puree of Thompson seedless grape

    Science.gov (United States)

    Homogenized puree of Thompson seedless (Vitis vinifera ‘Thompson Seedless’) grape was treated under different conditions, including heating time (5-30 min), temperature (20-80°C) and pH (2-10). Treatments with separate additions of glucose, fructose, and sucrose at concentrations of 100-600 g/L and ...

  1. Relationship between Root Growth of 'Thompson Seedless' Grapevines and Soil Temperature Relación entre el Crecimiento Radical de Vid 'Thompson Seedless' y la Temperatura del Suelo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Callejas R

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available With the purpose of characterizing the growth of the root system of table grapes (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Thompson Seedless and its relationship with soil temperature, research was carried out during the 2004-2005 growing season in vineyards in the Copiapó and Huasco Valleys. Four plants were chosen and rhizotrons were used to measure the growth of the root system. Measurements were performed once a week from September 2004 to September 2005, estimating the intensity of root growth and its annual distribution in the ranges of 0 to 40, 40 to 80 and 80 to 120 cm of soil depth. Temperature sensors were installed in four plants at 25, 50, 75 and 100 cm of soil depth, and the temperature was registered every 1 h. The thermal diffusivity of the soil was calculated based on the annual mean temperature and annual thermal amplitude values. Root growth occurred throughout the year, presenting lower intensity in July (winter. Root systems presented different patterns in the distribution of growth intensity in the three soil depths, with variations in the order of five times in maximum annual growth intensity among sites. High thermal diffusivity in soils favored root growth.Con el objetivo de caracterizar el crecimiento del sistema radical de la vid (Vitis vinifera L. cv. Thompson Seedless y su relación con la temperatura del suelo, durante la temporada 2004-2005 se llevó a cabo un estudio en parronales ubicados en los valles de Copiapó y Huasco. Se instalaron cuatro cámaras de observación de raíces o rizotrones en plantas homogéneas, en plena producción, pie franco, sanas, y ubicadas en diferentes localidades de la región. Las mediciones del crecimiento de las raíces se efectuaron semanalmente, desde septiembre de 2004 hasta completar 1 año, estimándose la intensidad de crecimiento radical anual y su distribución en los rangos de 0 a 40, 40 a 80 y 80 a 120 cm de profundidad. Adicionalmente, se instalaron sensores de temperatura a 25, 50, 75 y

  2. Embedding the Bilson-Thompson model in an LQG-like framework

    CERN Document Server

    Vaid, Deepak

    2010-01-01

    We argue that the Quadratic Spinor Lagrangian approach allows us to approach the problem of forming a geometrical condensate of spinorial tetrads in a natural manner. This, along with considerations involving the discrete symmetries of lattice triangulations, lead us to discover that the quasiparticles of such a condensate are tetrahedra with braids attached to its faces and that these braid attachments correspond to the preons in Bilson-Thompson's model of elementary particles. These "spatoms" can then be put together in a tiling to form more complex structures which encode both geometry and matter in a natural manner. We conclude with some speculations on the relation between this picture and the computational universe hypothesis.

  3. Soil Data from a Moderately Well and Somewhat Poorly Drained Fire Chronosequence near Thompson, Manitoba, Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manies, K.L.; Harden, J.W.; Veldhuis, Hugo; Trumbore, Sue

    2006-01-01

    The U.S. Geological Survey project Fate of Carbon in Alaskan Landscapes (FOCAL) is studying the effect of fire and soil drainage on soil carbon storage in the boreal forest. As such this group was invited to be a part of a NSF-funded project (Fire, Ecosystem and Succession - Experiment Boreal or FIRES-ExB) to study the carbon balance of sites that varied in age (time since fire) and soil drainage in the Thompson, Manitoba, Canada region. This report describes the location of our FIRES-ExB sampling sites as well as the procedures used to describe, sample, and analyze the soils. This report also contains data tables with sample related information including, but not limited to, field descriptions, bulk density, particle size distribution, moisture content, carbon (C) concentration, nitrogen (N) concentration, isotopic data for C, and major, minor and trace elemental concentration.

  4. Reflexiones sobre la función social de la Historia: Hobsbawm, Thompson y Kocka

    OpenAIRE

    Carvajal Castro, Álvaro; Isaac MARTÍN NIETO; Alejandra SÁNCHEZ POLO

    2016-01-01

    [ES]La historia cuenta cada vez con más medios para su divulgación. Precisamente por ello, debemos preguntarnos cuál es y plantearnos cuál debería ser la función social que cumple el conocimiento histórico que se transmite a la sociedad. Para ello, partimos de las reflexiones de E. Hobsbawm, E.P. Thompson y J. Kocka, tres historiadores que proceden del ámbito historiográfico de la historia social y que, dada su práctica historiográfica y vital, resultan claves para desarrollar esta problemáti...

  5. Moore-Gibson-Thompson equation with memory, part I: exponential decay of energy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lasiecka, Irena; Wang, Xiaojun

    2016-04-01

    We are interested in the Moore-Gibson-Thompson equation with memory τ{u}_{ttt}+ α u_{tt}+c2Au+bAu_t -int_0tg(t-s)A w(s){d}s=0. This model arises in high-frequency ultrasound applications accounting for thermal flux and molecular relaxation times. According to revisited extended irreversible thermodynamics, thermal flux relaxation leads to the third-order derivative in time while molecular relaxation leads to non-local effects governed by memory terms. The resulting model is of hyperbolic type with viscous effects. We first classify the memory into three types. Then, we study how a memory term creates damping mechanism and how the memory causes energy decay even in the cases when the original memoryless system is unstable.

  6. Os alicerces metateóricos da teoria social de John B. Thompson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lopes, Felipe Tavares Paes

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, objetivamos discutir os pressupostos metateóricos que embasam a teoria social de John B. Thompson. Para tanto, estruturamos o trabalho em três partes. Num primeiro momento, apresentamos e analisamos os pressupostos dessa teoria que dizem respeito à filosofia da ciência, ou seja, aqueles que se referem à ontologia, à epistemologia, à natureza humana e à metodologia. Num segundo momento, abordamos aqueles referentes à teoria sobre a sociedade, isto é, aqueles que se referem à natureza do mundo social. Num terceiro e último momento, analisamos a forma como a teoria social em questão amarra esses dois conjuntos de pressupostos e as implicações éticas decorrentes dessa amarra

  7. Realtime Achilles Ultrasound Thompson (RAUT) Test for the Evaluation and Diagnosis of Acute Achilles Tendon Ruptures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Matthew J; Olson, Kirstina; Heckmann, Nathanael; Charlton, Timothy P

    2017-01-01

    Acute complete Achilles tendon ruptures are commonly missed injuries. We propose the Realtime Achilles Ultrasound Thompson (RAUT) test, a Thompson test under ultrasound visualization, to aid in the diagnosis of these injuries. We hypothesized that RAUT testing would provide improved diagnostic characteristics compared with static ultrasound. Twenty-two consecutive patients with operatively confirmed acute Achilles tendon ruptures were prospectively evaluated with RAUT testing and static ultrasonography. RAUT video recordings and static ultrasound images from both ruptured and uninjured sides were randomized and graded by a group of novice reviewers and a group of expert attendings. From these observations, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for RAUT and static ultrasound were calculated. In addition, κ interobserver coefficients were computed. Forty-seven novice reviewers and 11 foot and ankle attendings made a total of 4136 and 528 observations, respectively. For static ultrasound, sensitivity and specificity were 76.8% and 74.8% for the novice reviewers and 79.6% and 86.4% for the attendings, respectively. For RAUT testing, sensitivity and specificity were 87.2% and 81.1% for the novice group and 86.4% and 91.7% for the attending group, respectively. The κ coefficient was 0.62 and 0.27 for novice and attending RAUT reviewers, indicating substantial and fair agreement, respectively, but only 0.46 and 0.12 for static ultrasonography, representing moderate and slight agreement, respectively. RAUT testing was a sensitive and specific test, providing a cost-effective adjunct to the clinical examination when diagnosing acute Achilles tendon ruptures. This test can be used by surgeons with minimal training in ultrasonography. Level II, diagnostic study.

  8. Quantum electrical and chromodynamics treated through Thompson's approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nassif, Claudio [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)]. E-mails: cnassifCBPF@yahoo.com.br; Silva, P.R. [Minas Gerais Univ. (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Inst. de Ciencias Exatas. Dept. de Fisica]. E-mail: prsilva@fisica.ufmg.br

    2006-09-15

    In this work we apply Thompson's method (of the dimensions and scales) to study some features of the Quantum Electro and Chromodynamics. This heuristic method can be considered as a simple and alternative way to the Renormalisation Group (R.G.) approach and when applied to QED-Lagrangian is able to obtain in a first approximation both the running coupling constant behavior of {alpha}({mu}) and the mass m({mu}). The calculations are evaluated just at d{sub c} = 4, where d{sub c} is the upper critical dimension of the problem, so that we obtain the logarithmic behavior both for the coupling {alpha} and the excess of mass {delta}m on the energy scale {mu}. Although our results are well-known in the vast literature of field theories, the advantage of Thompson's method, beyond its simplicity is that it is able to extract directly from QED-Lagrangian the physical (finite) behavior of {alpha}({mu}) and m({mu}), bypassing hard problems of divergences which normally appear in the conventional renormalisation schemes applied to field theories like QED. Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) is also treated by the present method in order to obtain the quark condensate value. Besides this, the method is also able to evaluate the vacuum pressure at the boundary of the nucleon. This is done by assuming a step function behavior for the running coupling constant of the QCD, which fits nicely to some quantities related to the strong interaction evaluated through the MIT-bag model. (author)

  9. 关于Thompson的一个结果的注记%A NOTE ON A RESULT OF THOMPSON

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎先华

    2004-01-01

    本文改进了J.G.Thompson在Journal of Combinatorial Theory,1(1966)中得到的一个有用的引理的结果.%In this short paper, we improve the result of Lemma 2 (T) which was obtained by John G. Thompson in Journal of Combinatorial Theory, 1(1966).

  10. 黄河三角洲号子旋律分析与研究%Analysis and Research of the Work Song Melody of Yellow River Delta

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张占春; 门玉彪

    2009-01-01

    From a historical point of view, the formation of the work song melody of Yellow River Delta has two main types. One is the melody which is affected by other folk music or transplanted from other folk music. This type of melody features bigger undulation,relatively free rhythm,wider music range,and relatively rich variation in combining sentence. The other is the melody that is composed of various work call tunes. This type of melody tends to be less undulated;the rhythm forms mainly are progressive;jump progress of tetrachord and quint intervals are often met;and their rhythms are often more regular.%黄河三角洲号子旋律的形成有两大类别:一是受其他民间音乐影响或由其他民间音乐移植而成的旋律,这类号子的旋律起伏比较大,节奏比较自由,音域比较宽,合句的变化比较丰富;二是由各种劳动呼号音调形成的旋律,这类旋律起伏往往不大,旋律形态以级进为主,常见四、五度纯音程跳进,节奏往往比较规整.

  11. What musicians do to induce the sensation of groove in simple and complex melodies, and how listeners perceive it

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guy eMadison

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Groove is the experience of wanting to move when hearing music, such as snapping fingers or tapping feet. This is a central aspect of much music, in particular of music intended for dancing. While previous research has found considerable consistency in ratings of groove across individuals, it remains unclear how groove is induced, that is, what are the physical properties of the acoustic signal that differ between more and less groove-inducing versions. Here, we examined this issue with a performance experiment, in which 4 musicians performed 6 simple and 6 complex melodies in two conditions with the intention of minimizing and maximizing groove. Analyses of rhythmical and temporal properties from the performances demonstrated some general effects. For example, more groove was associated with more notes on faster metrical levels and syncopation, and less groove was associated with deadpan timing and destruction of the regular pulse. We did not observe that deviations from the metrical grid (i.e. micro-timing were a predictor of groove. A listener experiment confirmed that the musicians’ manipulations had the intended effects on the experience of groove. A Brunswikian lens model was applied, which estimates the performer-perceiver communication across the two experiments. It showed that the communication achievement for simple melodies was 0.62, and that the matching of performers’ and listeners’ use of 9 rhythmical cues was 0.83. For complex melodies with an already high level of groove, the corresponding values were 0.39 and 0.34, showing that it was much more difficult to take out groove from musical structures designed to induce groove.

  12. At the crossroads of evolutionary computation and music: self-programming synthesizers, swarm orchestras and the origins of melody.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    2004-01-01

    This paper introduces three approaches to using Evolutionary Computation (EC) in Music (namely, engineering, creative and musicological approaches) and discusses examples of representative systems that have been developed within the last decade, with emphasis on more recent and innovative works. We begin by reviewing engineering applications of EC in Music Technology such as Genetic Algorithms and Cellular Automata sound synthesis, followed by an introduction to applications where EC has been used to generate musical compositions. Next, we introduce ongoing research into EC models to study the origins of music and detail our own research work on modelling the evolution of melody.

  13. A prospective 5-year study of the frequency of arrhythmias during serial exercise testing and clinical follow-up after Melody valve implant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Priromprintr, Bryant; Silka, Michael J; Rhodes, Jonathan; Batra, Anjan S

    2016-11-01

    Although percutaneous Melody valve implant has become an accepted alternative to surgical pulmonary valve replacement in patients with congenital heart disease, the benefit regarding frequency and severity of arrhythmias remains undefined. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of Melody valve implant on the type and frequency of arrhythmias during cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and subsequent clinical outcome. As part of the phase I Melody valve clinical trial, 136 patients with congenital heart disease underwent prospective serial evaluation including CPET before implant, 6 months after implant, and annually thereafter for 5 years. Arrhythmias were defined as premature ventricular complexes (PVCs) and supraventricular or ventricular tachycardia (VT). Before Melody implant, PVCs occurred in 55 patients (40%) and nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NSVT) in 1 patient during CPET. Median age at valve implantation was 19.0 years (range 7-53 years). During median follow-up of 4.9 years (range 0.8-7.3 years), there was no significant change in the proportion of patients with PVCs during CPET at any follow-up interval (40%-45%). However, postimplant, NSVT occurred in 18 patients, including 8 during CPET. Diagnoses in the patients with NSVT were tetralogy of Fallot (11), transposition (2), and post-Ross procedure (5). Improved hemodynamic status was not associated with resolution or prevention of arrhythmias. Despite improvement in hemodynamics, Melody valve implant was not associated with resolution or prevention of arrhythmias during CPET. PVCs or VT may be related to pathologic hypertrophy, fibrosis, dilation, or possible mechanical effects of the Melody device. Copyright © 2016 Heart Rhythm Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. 试论瓦格纳的“无终旋律”%On Wagner' s "Endless Melody"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈鸿铎

    2013-01-01

    “无终旋律”([德] unendliche Melodie,[英]endless melody)是瓦格纳乐剧中的一个关键概念,如何认识它对于深入理解瓦格纳的乐剧创作具有非常重要的意义.“无终旋律”看起来与旋律相关,因此,一般会很自然地把它当作一种旋律形态,或仅作为一种旋律写法来看待,其实,这样的理解是非常狭隘的.文章依据瓦格纳在其《未来的音乐》一文中的阐述,并结合对一些实际作品的分析,试图就“无终旋律”以旋律之名行和声之实从而达到音乐结构延绵发展之目的进行一个厘清,以达到认清“无终旋律”对于瓦格纳乐剧音乐创作所具有的本质意义.

  15. Inter-individual differences in audio-motor learning of piano melodies and white matter fiber tract architecture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Annerose; Hijmans, Brenda S; Cerliani, Leonardo; Bangert, Marc; Nanetti, Luca; Keller, Peter E; Keysers, Christian

    2014-05-01

    Humans vary substantially in their ability to learn new motor skills. Here, we examined inter-individual differences in learning to play the piano, with the goal of identifying relations to structural properties of white matter fiber tracts relevant to audio-motor learning. Non-musicians (n = 18) learned to perform three short melodies on a piano keyboard in a pure audio-motor training condition (vision of their own fingers was occluded). Initial learning times ranged from 17 to 120 min (mean ± SD: 62 ± 29 min). Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging was used to derive the fractional anisotropy (FA), an index of white matter microstructural arrangement. A correlation analysis revealed that higher FA values were associated with faster learning of piano melodies. These effects were observed in the bilateral corticospinal tracts, bundles of axons relevant for the execution of voluntary movements, and the right superior longitudinal fasciculus, a tract important for audio-motor transformations. These results suggest that the speed with which novel complex audio-motor skills can be acquired may be determined by variability in structural properties of white matter fiber tracts connecting brain areas functionally relevant for audio-motor learning. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. The MUSOS (MUsic SOftware System) Toolkit: A computer-based, open source application for testing memory for melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rainsford, M; Palmer, M A; Paine, G

    2017-04-21

    Despite numerous innovative studies, rates of replication in the field of music psychology are extremely low (Frieler et al., 2013). Two key methodological challenges affecting researchers wishing to administer and reproduce studies in music cognition are the difficulty of measuring musical responses, particularly when conducting free-recall studies, and access to a reliable set of novel stimuli unrestricted by copyright or licensing issues. In this article, we propose a solution for these challenges in computer-based administration. We present a computer-based application for testing memory for melodies. Created using the software Max/MSP (Cycling '74, 2014a), the MUSOS (Music Software System) Toolkit uses a simple modular framework configurable for testing common paradigms such as recall, old-new recognition, and stem completion. The program is accompanied by a stimulus set of 156 novel, copyright-free melodies, in audio and Max/MSP file formats. Two pilot tests were conducted to establish the properties of the accompanying stimulus set that are relevant to music cognition and general memory research. By using this software, a researcher without specialist musical training may administer and accurately measure responses from common paradigms used in the study of memory for music.

  17. Hemispheric asymmetry in the matching of melodies to rhythm sequences tapped in the right and left palms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Boyle, M W; Sanford, M

    1988-06-01

    Two experiments were conducted to investigate the ability of the cerebral hemispheres to match rhythm sequences tapped in the palms of the hands to tape-recorded melodies. Reaction time (RT) for same/different judgments and accuracy of responses served as the (LP/RH) advantage was found in the ability to match tapped rhythms to tape-recorded melodies, but only on Different trials. On Same trials (which were found to be somewhat easier), both hemispheres were equally efficient at making such comparisons. In Experiment 2, there was no reliable difference between the LP/RH and the RP/LH in the ability to match tapped rhythms to tape-recorded rhythm sequences which were devoid of melodic intonation (i.e., the sound of two blocks of wood struck together in a specified rhythm). The results of these experiments taken in composite lend support to the contention that the right hemisphere advantage typically reported for the processing of musical stimuli is primarily related to pitch and/or intonation rather than rhythm.

  18. Evaluation of Thompson-type trend and monthly weather data models for corn yields in Iowa, Illinois, and Indiana

    Science.gov (United States)

    French, V. (Principal Investigator)

    1982-01-01

    An evaluation was made of Thompson-Type models which use trend terms (as a surrogate for technology), meteorological variables based on monthly average temperature, and total precipitation to forecast and estimate corn yields in Iowa, Illinois, and Indiana. Pooled and unpooled Thompson-type models were compared. Neither was found to be consistently superior to the other. Yield reliability indicators show that the models are of limited use for large area yield estimation. The models are objective and consistent with scientific knowledge. Timely yield forecasts and estimates can be made during the growing season by using normals or long range weather forecasts. The models are not costly to operate and are easy to use and understand. The model standard errors of prediction do not provide a useful current measure of modeled yield reliability.

  19. Acoustic Doppler current profiling from the JGOFS Arabian Sea cruises aboard the RV T.G. Thompson

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, H.S.; Flagg, C.N.; Shi, Y. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States). Oceanographic and Atmospheric Sciences Div.

    1996-12-01

    Acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) data is part of the core data for the US JGOFS Arabian Sea project, along with hydrographic and nutrient data. Seventeen cruises are scheduled to take place between September 1994 and January 1996 on the R/V T.G. Thompson. Seven of the cruises follow a standard cruise track, taking hydrographic, chemical and biological measurements. The rest of the cruises, which take place generally within the standard cruise region defined by a set track, are for the deployment and recovery of moored equipment and towing of a SeaSoar. Detailed description of ADCP hardware, the AutoADCP data acquisition system, and the collection of navigation and compass data on the Thompson is documented in Section 2. Followed by data collection for each cruise together with a cruise track, Section 3 presents the processing and analysis of velocity and acoustic backscatter intensity data. Section 5 shows results of profile quality diagnosis.

  20. Thompson's renormalization group method applied to QCD at high energy scale

    CERN Document Server

    Nassif, Claudio; Silva, P R

    2007-01-01

    We use a renormalization group method to treat QCD-vacuum behavior specially closer to the regime of asymptotic freedom. QCD-vacuum behaves effectively like a "paramagnetic system" of a classical theory in the sense that virtual color charges (gluons) emerges in it as a spin effect of a paramagnetic material when a magnetic field aligns their microscopic magnetic dipoles. Due to that strong classical analogy with the paramagnetism of Landau's theory,we will be able to use a certain Landau effective action without temperature and phase transition for just representing QCD-vacuum behavior at higher energies as being magnetization of a paramagnetic material in the presence of a magnetic field $H$. This reasoning will allow us to apply Thompson's approach to such an action in order to extract an "effective susceptibility" ($\\chi>0$) of QCD-vacuum. It depends on logarithmic of energy scale $u$ to investigate hadronic matter. Consequently we are able to get an ``effective magnetic permeability" ($\\mu>1$) of such a ...

  1. Digital geologic map of part of the Thompson Falls 1:100,000 quadrangle, Idaho

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Reed S.; Derkey, Pamela D.

    1999-01-01

    The geology of the Thompson Falls 1:100,000 quadrangle, Idaho was compiled by Reed S. Lewis in 1997 onto a 1:100,000-scale greenline mylar of the topographic base map for input into a geographic information system (GIS). The resulting digital geologic map GIS can be queried in many ways to produce a variety of geologic maps. Digital base map data files (topography, roads, towns, rivers and lakes, etc.) are not included: they may be obtained from a variety of commercial and government sources. This database is not meant to be used or displayed at any scale larger than 1:100,000 (e.g., 1:62,500 or 1:24,000). The map area is located in north Idaho. This open-file report describes the geologic map units, the methods used to convert the geologic map data into a digital format, the Arc/Info GIS file structures and relationships, and explains how to download the digital files from the U.S. Geological Survey public access World Wide Web site on the Internet.

  2. Research on refractive index of optical cement used in Glan-Thompson prisms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Haifeng Wang; Fuquan Wu; Hailong Wang; Jing Wang; Shan Zhang

    2007-01-01

    The influence of the refractive index n2 of optical cement on the structure angle, field angle, and transmission of Glan-Thompson prism has been studied in detail. The results show that the structure angle will increase with the decrease of n2 under the condition of the largest field angle. Thus, the ratio of length to width (L/A) of the prism will decrease, which means more materials can be saved. When the value of L/A is 3.0 or 2.5 in the routine design, the field angle will firstly increase and then decrease with the increment of n2. Two routine designs with the n2 values of 1.47 and 1.45 have the optimal field angle. In addition, n2 also has great influence on light intensity transmittance of the prism. Considering all these factors, it will be the best choice with L/A=2.5 and n2 = 1.45 - 1.46.

  3. On the Relationships Between Words and Melody in the Pulangihon-Umayamnon Bukidnon Uwaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José S. Buenconsejo

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Singers of indigenous, long narratives in the Philippines employ a number of tunes in setting the verses. In this paper, I examine the tunes that Datu Sinuhoy Kaligunan utilized in his UWAGING performance, lasting near 11 hours, that I recorded in May 2005. Datu Sinuhoy is a Pulangihon-Umayamnon Bukidnon speaker. His tunes are named according to: (1 non-lexical formulaic expressions, (2 the places where the tunes are perceived to originate, and (3 even names of individual beings–persons and spirits–from those places.An investigation of the recording of the Pulangihon-Umayamnon uwaging performance in its entirety reveals that some tunes are used to project the moods and feelings attendant to the actions of the narrative but they are not emblematic of the characters in the narrative per se as in the Palawan TULTUL. I argue that tunes are important in uwaging performance for they facilitate the linear grouping of words into verse units that generally span eight (musical pulses, each of which is assigned one syllable each. Like most epics in the Philippines (e.g., ULLALIM, GASUMBI, HUDHUD, KATA-KATA, ULAGING, UWAEGING of Agusan Manobos, Pulangihon-Umayamnon Bukidnon uwaging has prosodic features that fit euphoniously with the tunes (e.g., the shapes of the tunes reinforce the sound parallelisms in the words. In addition, like the versions of the epic in Bukidnon, the Pulangihon-Umayamnon uwaging can be recited, MANTUKAW, minus the melody. This fact implies an important corollary; the internalization of uwaging prosody is acquired separately from the setting of words to tunes. In fact, singers internalize the prosody of the verses by reciting them from the memory of other singers’ performances, attempting to intone them (with the formulaic tunes only after they have mastered and memorized a fair amount of verses. In my fieldwork, Datu Sinuhoy dictated to my linguistic assistant a set of textual epithets forming poems called “unturan ne

  4. Lei, justiça e Direito: algumas sugestões de leitura da obra de E. P. Thompson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Luiz Duarte

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Esse artigo discute as noções de "lei", "justiça" e "Direito" na obra de E. P. Thompson. Seu objetivo é compreender como essas noções foram articuladas e como se conectaram com as idéias de "experiência" e "cultura". As obras estudadas foram aquelas publicadas no livro The essencial E. P. Thompson, editado em 2002, pela historiadora dorothy thompson. o artigo também procura compreender quais os possíveis desdobramentos políticos que essas noções sugerem, hoje, para o pensamento e a ação de uma esquerda democrática. conclui-se que a defesa que thompson faz do "domínio da lei" como um benefício humano inquestionável sugere, também, que se repense a maneira como normalmente se faz a crítica aos regimes liberal-democráticos, já que, muitas vezes, a crítica ao capitalismo implica, equivocadamente, uma crítica à democracia, como se ambos compusessem uma unidade inseparável. não se pode perder de vista, contudo, que o capitalismo só se tornou democrático com a difícil e longa luta pelos direitos: direitos civis, no século xviii; direitos políticos, no século xix; direitos sociais, no século xx. foi, portanto, a ação e a palavra "dos de baixo" que, progressivamente, não só tornou democrático o liberalismo como, em muitas ocasiões, erigiu anteparos ao furor destrutivo do capitalismo.

  5. Breve discussão sobre o conceito de práxis na obra de E. P. Thompson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Hernandés Nilson

    2012-04-01

    conhecimento científico e popular, e entre projeto transformador e crítica. O artigo conclui que surge da obra de Thompson uma compreensão da práxis envolvida de um sentido histórico, apoiada na ideia de experiência. Esta concepção permite resgatar o lugar do conceito na discussão marxista e superar a ameaça do dogmatismo.

  6. Profile data collected from CTD casts aboard the Thomas G. Thompson in the Northeast Pacific from 20060803 to 20060816 (NODC Accession 0043455)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — These profile data were collected from CDT casts aboard the Thomas G. Thompson in the Northeast Pacific as part of an effort to understand the cause of the...

  7. Chemical data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON using CTD and bottle casts in Arabian Sea from 08 January 1995 to 26 November 1995 (NODC Accession 9800161)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Chemical data were collected using CTD and bottle casts in the Arabian Sea from THOMAS G. THOMPSON. Data were collected from 08 January 1995 to 26 November 1995 by...

  8. Cloud amount/frequency, NITRATE and other data from THOMAS G. THOMPSON from 1983-11-14 to 1984-10-28 (NCEI Accession 9000206)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Conductivity, Temperature and Depth (CTD) data were collected during 83 casts from Ship T.G. THOMPSON. The data was collected over a period spanning from...

  9. Interview to David Thompson NASA astrophysicist, on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery.

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Visual Media Office

    2012-01-01

    Interview to David Thompson NASA astrophysicist, on the occasion of the Spaceparts conference at CERN, on the 100th anniversary of the cosmic rays discovery, focussing on the gamma ray sky and the Fermi space telescope.

  10. Learning piano melodies in visuo-motor or audio-motor training conditions and the neural correlates of their cross-modal transfer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engel, Annerose; Bangert, Marc; Horbank, David; Hijmans, Brenda S.; Wilkens, Katharina; Keller, Peter E.; Keysers, Christian

    2012-01-01

    To investigate the cross-modal transfer of movement patterns necessary to perform melodies on the piano, 22 non-musicians learned to play short sequences on a piano keyboard by 1) merely listening and replaying (vision of own fingers occluded) or 2) merely observing silent finger movements and

  11. Learning piano melodies in visuo-motor or audio-motor training conditions and the neural correlates of their cross-modal transfer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engel, Annerose; Bangert, Marc; Horbank, David; Hijmans, Brenda S.; Wilkens, Katharina; Keller, Peter E.; Keysers, Christian

    2012-01-01

    To investigate the cross-modal transfer of movement patterns necessary to perform melodies on the piano, 22 non-musicians learned to play short sequences on a piano keyboard by 1) merely listening and replaying (vision of own fingers occluded) or 2) merely observing silent finger movements and repla

  12. Status of the MeLoDIE experiment, an advanced device for the study of the irradiation creep of LWR cladding with full online capabilities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guimbal, P. [CEA, DEN, DER, Jules Horowitz Reactor, F-13108 St-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Huotilainen, S.; Taehtinen, S. [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Materials performance division, Espoo, FI-02044 VTT (Finland); Thellier, G. [CEA, DEN, DRSN, OSIRIS Reactor, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Villard, J.F. [CEA, DEN, DER, Instrumentation, Sensors and Dosimetry Laboratory, F-13108 St- Paul-lez-Durance (France)

    2015-07-01

    As a prototype of future instrumented material experiments in the Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR), the MELODIE project was launched in 2009 by the CEA in collaboration with VTT. Being designed as a biaxial creep experiment with online capability, MELODIE is able to apply an online-controlled biaxial loading on a LWR clad sample up to 120 MPa and to perform an online measurement of its biaxial deformation. An important experimental challenge was to perform reliably accurate measurements under the high nuclear heat load of in-core locations while keeping within their tight space. For that purpose, specific sensors were co-designed with and built by IFE Halden. Manufacturing of the MELODIE components was completed one year ago. The complexity of its in-pile section and of the pressurization system requested a step-by-step tuning of the setup. The toughest part of this process dealt with the Diameter gauge which required a partial redesign to take into account unexpected and unwanted electromagnetic interactions with the hosting device. Final cold performance tests of the on-board instrumentation will be presented. The MELODIE device is now ready and irradiation should start in OSIRIS reactor this spring. (authors)

  13. 基于H-K算法的MIDI文件主旋律音轨提取探讨%Exploration of MIDI Files Based on H-K Algorithm Extract Melody Tracks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马青阁; 曹西征; 赵宛; 汪旭彬; 关金晨

    2016-01-01

    主旋律是音乐旋律信息的重要组成部分,文章通过对表征音乐旋律特征向量的提取,采用H- K分类算法构建音轨分类器模型,对MIDI片旋律音轨和伴奏旋律音轨进行分类。最后通过候选音轨提取出主旋律音轨,研究表明,这种方法对10个音轨内的主旋律提取准确率由75%提升到90%,对于2个音轨以内的主旋律提取可以达到95%的准确率。%Theme is an important part of music melody information, based on the characterization of music melody feature vector extraction, the H-K audio classiifcation algorithm to construct classiifer model, MIDI audio piece of melody and accompaniment melody track for classiifcation. Finally through the candidate track extract melody track, research has shown that this approach within the 10 tracks on the main melody extraction accuracy increase from 75%to 75%, the two tracks of less than the main melody of extraction can reach 95%accuracy.

  14. X-15 flight crew - Engle, Rushworth, McKay, Knight, Thompson, and Dana

    Science.gov (United States)

    1966-01-01

    The X-15 flight crew, left to right; Air Force Captain Joseph H. Engle, Air Force Major Robert A. Rushworth, NASA pilot John B. 'Jack' McKay, Air Force Major William J. 'Pete' Knight, NASA pilot Milton O. Thompson, and NASA pilot Bill Dana. These six pilots made 125 of the 199 total flights in the X-15. Rushworth made 34 flights (the most of any X-15 pilot); McKay flew 29 times; Engle, Knight, and Dana each flew 16 times; Thompson's total was 14. The X-15 was a rocket-powered aircraft 50 ft long with a wingspan of 22 ft. It was a missile-shaped vehicle with an unusual wedge-shaped vertical tail, thin stubby wings, and unique fairings that extended along the side of the fuselage. The X-15 weighed about 14,000 lb empty and approximately 34,000 lb at launch. The XLR-99 rocket engine, manufactured by Thiokol Chemical Corp., was pilot controlled and was capable of developing 57,000 lb of rated thrust (actual thrust reportedly climbed to 60,000 lb). North American Aviation built three X-15 aircraft for the program. The X-15 research aircraft was developed to provide in-flight information and data on aerodynamics, structures, flight controls, and the physiological aspects of high-speed, high-altitude flight. A follow-on program used the aircraft as a testbed to carry various scientific experiments beyond the Earth's atmosphere on a repeated basis. For flight in the dense air of the usable atmosphere, the X-15 used conventional aerodynamic controls such as rudder surfaces on the vertical stabilizers to control yaw and canted horizontal surfaces on the tail to control pitch when moving in synchronization or roll when moved differentially. For flight in the thin air outside of the appreciable Earth's atmosphere, the X-15 used a reaction control system. Hydrogen peroxide thrust rockets located on the nose of the aircraft provided pitch and yaw control. Those on the wings provided roll control. Because of the large fuel consumption, the X-15 was air launched from a B-52

  15. Late Holocene environmental changes recorded in the sediments of Lago Thompson, Northern Chilean Patagonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fagel, Nathalie; Nuttin, Laurence; Bertrand, Sébastien; Borgniet, Geoffrey; Schmidt, Sabine; Araneda, Alberto; Torrejon, Fernando; Urrutia, Roberto

    2010-05-01

    We investigate the sedimentary record of Lago Thompson, a small lake (area 1.1 km2, watershed ~8 km2) located at an elevation of 750 masl in Northern Chilean Patagonia (45.38 °S, 71.47°W). At Present, the climate conditions around the lake are relatively dry, with annual precipitation averaging 500 mm. The goal of this study is to evaluate the natural climate variability over the Last Millennium in Northern Chilean Patagonia and its impact on the environment. The coring site was selected after a bathymetric survey using an echo-sounder. Several short cores were retrieved in 2008 using an Uwitec gravity corer: the length of the cores ranges between 124 and 132 cm. The preliminary age model is based on 4 AMS radiocarbon ages measured on bulk sediment and organic macro-remains. The radiocarbon ages demonstrate that the sediment cores cover the last 850 to 950 years. This sediment record, which is characterized by accumulation rates ranging between 1 and 3 mm/yr, can therefore be studied at decennial to centennial resolution. To reconstruct past changes in climate and the environment, we conducted a multiproxy study combining sedimentological, mineralogical and geochemical analyses (LOI 105, 550 and 950°C, biogenic silica content, magnetic susceptibility, tephrostratigraphy, bulk organic geochemistry, bulk mineralogy by X-ray diffraction, and inorganic geochemistry by ITRAX core scanner and ICP-AES). Visual descriptions and X-ray radiographies demonstrate that the sediment record is relatively undisturbed. The sediment is composed of light brown organic-rich clayey material. The lower part of the core (below 75 cm) is finely laminated whereas the upper part is more homogeneous. Magnetic susceptibility values highlight two tephra layers that represent explosive eruptions of volcanoes from the southern volcanic zone of Chile (Hudson, Cay, or Macá volcanoes). The biogenic silica content of the sediment retrieved in Lago Thompson is high (40 to 80%), and probably

  16. Synchronism of naupliar development of Sacculina carcini Thompson, 1836 (Pancrustacea, Rhizocephala) revealed by precise monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trédez, Fabien; Rabet, Nicolas; Bellec, Laure; Audebert, Fabienne

    2017-01-01

    Sacculina carcini is member of a highly-specialized group of parasitic cirripeds (Rhizocephala) that use crabs ( Carcinus maenas) as hosts to carry out the reproductive phase of their life cycle. We describe the naupliar development of S. carcini Thompson, 1836 from a very precise monitoring of three different broods from three specimens. Nauplii were sampled every 4 h, from the release of the larvae until the cypris stage. Larval development, from naupliar instar 1 to the cypris stage, lasts 108 h at 18 °C. A rigorous sampling allowed us to describe an additional intermediate naupliar instar, not described previously. Naupliar instars are renumbered from 1 to 5. Nauplius 1 (N1) larvae hatch in the interna; N2 are released from the interna and last between 12 and 16 h; N3 appear between 12 and 16 h after release; N4 appear between 28 and 32 h; and N5 appear between 44 and 48 h. The cypris stage appears between 108 and 112 h. The redescribed morphologies allowed us to identify new characters. Antennular setation discriminates naupliar instars 3, 4 and 5. Telson and furca morphologies discriminate all naupliar instars. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the speed of larval development is similar within a single brood and between broods from different specimens, suggesting synchronization of larval development. From precise monitoring of broods every 4 h, we demonstrate that the life cycle of S. carcini includes five instars of naupliar larvae instead of four. The morphological characters of the larvae discriminate these naupliar instars and allow the identification of S. carcini from other Rhizocephala species. S. carcini larvae develop synchronously. Consequently, they might be an informative model to study larval development in crustaceans.

  17. Compost and humic substance effects on soil parameters of Vitis vinifera L cv Thompson seedless

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Fincheira-Robles

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of organic amendments is common under the concept of integrated nutrient management (INM in Vi tis vinifera (Table grape to improve plant and soil quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate compost (C and humic substances (HS mixed with mineral fertilizer (MF in an INM program of V. vinifera cv Thompson seedless. The chemical, biochemi cal and microbiological parameters were evaluated in soil on 1 - year - old V. vinifera plants growing on Alfisol soil. Five treatments and control were evaluated: (T 1 C+MF, (T 2 HS+MF, (T 3 C, (T 4 HS, (T 5 MF and (T 6 absolute control. The results indicate d that the application of C and HS, increased β glucosidase and dehydrogenase activities, reaching values of 90.2 μg p - nitrophenol g - 1 h - 1 and 9.1 μg de TFP g - 1 24h - 1 , respectively . In addition, pH was similar in all treatments while electrical conductivity increased with application of mineral and orga nic amendments, reaching 0.41dS m - 1 in T 2 (HS+MF . Furthermore, yeast concentration increased with organic amendments or mineral. Correlation analysis indicated significant and positive relationships between PO 4 - P concentration with MF (0.579 and C (0.431 and nitrogen with MF (0.868. These results support that INM, which combines mineral fertilization and organic amendments, improve positive changes in chemical soil properties and C cycling measured in terms of enzymatic activity in V. vinifera .

  18. Single-center comparative outcomes of the Edwards SAPIEN and Medtronic Melody transcatheter heart valves in the pulmonary position.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faza, Nadeen; Kenny, Damien; Kavinsky, Clifford; Amin, Zahid; Heitschmidt, Mary; Hijazi, Ziyad M

    2013-10-01

    Two transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (tPVR) systems (Edwards SAPIEN and Medtronic Melody) are available; however, comparative studies evaluating outcome data are lacking. The aim of this study was to compare short- with medium-term outcome data of these valves in the pulmonary position from a single institution. Retrospective data analysis of all patients undergoing tPVR from April 2008 until April 2012. Pre-procedural investigations, patient demographics, procedural hemodynamics, and clinical and echocardiographic follow-up data were included. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation. Thirty-three patients underwent successful tPVR (SAPIEN (S) n = 20, Melody (M) n = 13). Patient age and weight were similar between the two groups. Primary indication included regurgitation (S (n = 2), M (n = 3)), stenosis (S (n = 13), M (n = 7)), or mixed (S (n = 5), M (n = 3)). There was no difference in pre-procedural peak Doppler gradients across the pulmonary outflow (S = 47.73 ± 21.14 mm Hg, M = 42.62 ± 15.59 mm Hg, P = 0.46). All but one patient underwent pre-stenting prior to valve implantation. Immediately following valve deployment, the transvalvar gradient was not statistically different between the two groups (S = 11.5 ± 8.07 mm Hg, M = 8.15 ± 4.56 mm Hg, P = 0.18). There were no procedural deaths. Follow-up mean pulmonary Doppler gradients were higher with the SAPIEN cohort (18.43 ± 9.06 mm Hg (S) and 11.17 ± 5.24 mm Hg (M), P = 0.016); however, no differences were seen when similar procedural epochs were assessed. All but one patient remained with PR grade = 2. In a single-center series, the SAPIEN and Melody valves demonstrated comparable medium-term valve function. Greater residual gradients with the SAPIEN valve may represent a more conservative early pre-stenting approach with this valve. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Evaluation of Thompson's quadricepsplasty results in patients with knee stiffness resulted from femoral fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Mousavi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Posttraumatic and/or postsurgical knee stiffness is one of the orthopedic complications which is difficult to be treated and can affect individual's life negatively. The aim of this study is to investigate the results of quadricepsplasty in patients with knee stiffness resulted from femoral fracture. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study on all patients with femoral fracture which has caused knee flexion limitation referred to Kashani and Al-Zahra Hospitals in Isfahan from January 2010 to March 2013. The type and site of fracture, joint extension, and fracture fixation technique were recorded. Moreover, the range of motion (ROM before surgery, under general anesthesia, and 3- and 6-month postoperation were measured. Results: Among the patients, 13 had a simple fracture (48% and 14 had a segmental fracture (51.9%. Considering the fracture site, 11, 10, and 6 patients had femoral (40.74%, supracondylar (37.3%, and femoral supracondylar (22.2% fractures, respectively. The fracture fixation was performed by the plate, external, and Wagner fixation techniques for 24 (88.9%, 2 (7.4%, and 1 (3.7% patients, respectively. The mean ROM before operation, under general anesthesia, and 3- and 6-month postoperation were determined to be 33.15° ± 24.73°, 122.60° ± 10.22°, 99.63° ± 16.52°, and 100.74° ± 15.67°, respectively. The mean ROM value at various stages was not similar (P < 0.001. The mean changes in the ROM were 79.2° ± 24.6° and 62.1° ± 19.7° in the cases with simple and segmental fractures, respectively. The mean changes in the knee ROM were significantly higher in simple fractures in comparison with the segmental femoral fracture (P = 0.03. Conclusion: We found Thompson's quadricepsplasty may successfully increase the range of knee flexion in knee fracture and also regardless of quadriceps time.

  20. Horvitz-Thompson survey sample methods for estimating large-scale animal abundance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuel, M.D.; Garton, E.O.

    1994-01-01

    Large-scale surveys to estimate animal abundance can be useful for monitoring population status and trends, for measuring responses to management or environmental alterations, and for testing ecological hypotheses about abundance. However, large-scale surveys may be expensive and logistically complex. To ensure resources are not wasted on unattainable targets, the goals and uses of each survey should be specified carefully and alternative methods for addressing these objectives always should be considered. During survey design, the impoflance of each survey error component (spatial design, propofiion of detected animals, precision in detection) should be considered carefully to produce a complete statistically based survey. Failure to address these three survey components may produce population estimates that are inaccurate (biased low), have unrealistic precision (too precise) and do not satisfactorily meet the survey objectives. Optimum survey design requires trade-offs in these sources of error relative to the costs of sampling plots and detecting animals on plots, considerations that are specific to the spatial logistics and survey methods. The Horvitz-Thompson estimators provide a comprehensive framework for considering all three survey components during the design and analysis of large-scale wildlife surveys. Problems of spatial and temporal (especially survey to survey) heterogeneity in detection probabilities have received little consideration, but failure to account for heterogeneity produces biased population estimates. The goal of producing unbiased population estimates is in conflict with the increased variation from heterogeneous detection in the population estimate. One solution to this conflict is to use an MSE-based approach to achieve a balance between bias reduction and increased variation. Further research is needed to develop methods that address spatial heterogeneity in detection, evaluate the effects of temporal heterogeneity on survey

  1. Evaluation of Thompson's quadricepsplasty results in patients with knee stiffness resulted from femoral fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mousavi, Hamid; Mir, Behrouz; Safaei, Ali

    2017-01-01

    Posttraumatic and/or postsurgical knee stiffness is one of the orthopedic complications which is difficult to be treated and can affect individual's life negatively. The aim of this study is to investigate the results of quadricepsplasty in patients with knee stiffness resulted from femoral fracture. This is a cross-sectional study on all patients with femoral fracture which has caused knee flexion limitation referred to Kashani and Al-Zahra Hospitals in Isfahan from January 2010 to March 2013. The type and site of fracture, joint extension, and fracture fixation technique were recorded. Moreover, the range of motion (ROM) before surgery, under general anesthesia, and 3- and 6-month postoperation were measured. Among the patients, 13 had a simple fracture (48%) and 14 had a segmental fracture (51.9%). Considering the fracture site, 11, 10, and 6 patients had femoral (40.74%), supracondylar (37.3%), and femoral supracondylar (22.2%) fractures, respectively. The fracture fixation was performed by the plate, external, and Wagner fixation techniques for 24 (88.9%), 2 (7.4%), and 1 (3.7%) patients, respectively. The mean ROM before operation, under general anesthesia, and 3- and 6-month postoperation were determined to be 33.15° ± 24.73°, 122.60° ± 10.22°, 99.63° ± 16.52°, and 100.74° ± 15.67°, respectively. The mean ROM value at various stages was not similar (P < 0.001). The mean changes in the ROM were 79.2° ± 24.6° and 62.1° ± 19.7° in the cases with simple and segmental fractures, respectively. The mean changes in the knee ROM were significantly higher in simple fractures in comparison with the segmental femoral fracture (P = 0.03). We found Thompson's quadricepsplasty may successfully increase the range of knee flexion in knee fracture and also regardless of quadriceps time.

  2. Evaluation of the Doraiswamy-Thompson winter wheat crop calendar model incorporating a modified spring restart sequence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, T. W.; Ravet, F. W.; Smika, D. (Principal Investigator)

    1981-01-01

    The Robertson phenology was used to provide growth stage information to a wheat stress indicator mode. A stress indicator model demands two acurate predictions from a crop calendar: date of spring growth initiation; and crop calendar stage at growth initiation. Several approaches for restarting the Robertson phenology model at spring growth initiation were studied. Although best results were obtained with a solar thermal unit method, an alternate approach which indicates soil temperature as the controlling parameter for spring growth initiation was selected and tested. The modified model (Doraiswamy-Thompson) is compared to LACIE-Robertson model predictions.

  3. Vasiljević’s collections of folk melodies: A Serbian musical treasure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radinović Sanja

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Miodrag A. Vasiljević (1903-1963 was given a unique opportunity to span two great developmental stages in the history of Serbian ethnomusicology, occurring in the middle of the 20th century. The first of them was between the two World Wars, the stage in which Serbian musical folklore became Vasiljević’s life passion and in which he accomplished his early professional achievements. In the next stage, which started after World War II, he reached the zenith of his creation in slightly less than twenty years, setting new standards of the discipline, and providing fundamental directions for his successors, thereby immeasurably enlarging the corpus of collected material. Due all of these revolutionary innovations from the post-war period, Vasiljević is rightly considered to be not only the founder of modern Serbian ethnomusicology, but also the first person in Serbia worthy of being called an ethnomusicologist in the full sense of the word. Of the numerous results by which Vasiljević permanently indebted his people, the most pronounced does not belong to the category of pioneering endeavours, but is manifested in his melographic opus - an achievement which even today has not been surpassed in Serbia in terms of its span, scope and value. Such great productivity in recording resulted from the fact that Vasiljević had been devoted to melography from his childhood, and most intensely from 1932 to the end of his life. The exact number of examples which Vasiljević transcribed directly in the field before 1951 and those which he recorded on a tape-recorder after that time is still unknown, since many of them are still unavailable to the public, but it can be assumed that there are several thousand melodies in total. Among them are 3,198 which have already been published. That precious corpus of Vasiljević’s available material is contained in twelve collections (the largest number ever regarding any collector in Serbia so far, issued from 1950 to

  4. The Effects of Music Listening with Play on Preference, Recognition of the Main Melody and Musical Creativity in Elementary School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eunyoung Hwang

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a classical music listening program, namely music listening with plays, for elementary grade one students on music preference, recognition of the main melody, and musical creativity. The classical music listening program organized for this study employed various musical experiences such as singing, playing, composing and moving. The participants of this study were 61 elementary grade one students from Kyong-gi Province, Korea, who attended the classical music listening program after school. The students were divided into the two groups, experimental and control, which consisted of 31 and 30 students respectively. The experimental group participated in a music listening program with plays for 12 sessions, while the control group participated in a passive music listening program for 12 sessions. The results revealed a significant difference between the two groups in terms of preference and recognition of the main melody. Further, there was a significant difference in their musical creativity.

  5. The beautiful melody of Wang Luo-bin’s music literature%试论王洛宾音乐文学的旋律美

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李婉芬

    2015-01-01

    Wang Luo-bin make outstanding contributions in the northwest minority folk songs transfer, we focus on the literary and art achievements on the level of his lyrics, but his beautiful melody of music literature also deserves attention. This article attempts from the perspective of melody beauty is discussed in a more comprehensive understanding Wang Luo-bin music literature artistic achievement.%王洛宾在传播西北少数民歌方面作出卓越的贡献,我们关注他歌词层面的文学性艺术成就,但是他音乐文学的旋律美同样值得关注。本文试图从旋律美的角度进行探讨,以此更加全面地认识王洛宾音乐文学的艺术成就。

  6. Changes in growth, photosynthetic activities, biochemical parameters and amino acid profile of Thompson Seedless grapes (Vitis vinifera L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somkuwar, R G; Bahetwar, Anita; Khan, I; Satisha, J; Ramteke, S D; Itroutwar, Prerna; Bhongale, Aarti; Oulkar, Dashrath

    2014-11-01

    The study on photosynthetic activity and biochemical parameters in Thompson Seedless grapes grafted on Dog Ridge rootstock and its impact on growth, yield and amino acid profile at various stages of berry development was conducted during the year 2012-2013. Leaf and berry samples from ten year old vines of Thompson Seedless were collected at different growth and berry developmental stages. The analysis showed difference in photosynthetic activity, biochemical parameters and amino acid status with the changes in berry development stage. Higher photosynthetic rate of 17.39 umol cm(-2) s(-1) was recorded during 3-4mm berry size and the lowest (10.08 umol cm(-2) s(-1)) was recorded during the veraison stage. The photosynthetic activity showed gradual decrease with the onset of harvest while the different biochemical parameters showed increase and decrease from one stage to another in both berry and leaves. Changes in photosynthetic activity and biochemical parameters thereby affected the growth, yield and amino acid content of the berry. Positive correlation of leaf area and photosynthetic rate was recorded during the period of study. Reducing sugar (352.25 mg g(-1)) and total carbohydrate (132.52 mg g(-1)) was more in berries as compared to leaf. Amino acid profile showed variations in different stages of berry development. Marked variations in photosynthetic as well as biochemical and amino acid content at various berry development stages was recorded and thereby its cumulative effect on the development of fruit quality.

  7. X-15 test pilots - Engle, Rushworth, McKay, Knight, Thompson, and Dana

    Science.gov (United States)

    1966-01-01

    The X-15 flight crew, left to right; Air Force Captain Joseph H. Engle, Air Force Major Robert A. Rushworth, NASA pilot John B. 'Jack' McKay, Air Force pilot William J. 'Pete' Knight, NASA pilot Milton O. Thompson, and NASA pilot Bill Dana. of their 125 X-15 flights, 8 were above the 50 miles that constituted the Air Force's definition of the beginning of space (Engle 3, Dana 2, Rushworth, Knight, and McKay one each). NASA used the international definition of space as beginning at 62 miles above the earth. The X-15 was a rocket-powered aircraft 50 ft long with a wingspan of 22 ft. It was a missile-shaped vehicle with an unusual wedge-shaped vertical tail, thin stubby wings, and unique fairings that extended along the side of the fuselage. The X-15 weighed about 14,000 lb empty and approximately 34,000 lb at launch. The XLR-99 rocket engine, manufactured by Thiokol Chemical Corp., was pilot controlled and was capable of developing 57,000 lb of rated thrust (actual thrust reportedly climbed to 60,000 lb). North American Aviation built three X-15 aircraft for the program. The X-15 research aircraft was developed to provide in-flight information and data on aerodynamics, structures, flight controls, and the physiological aspects of high-speed, high-altitude flight. A follow-on program used the aircraft as a testbed to carry various scientific experiments beyond the Earth's atmosphere on a repeated basis. For flight in the dense air of the usable atmosphere, the X-15 used conventional aerodynamic controls such as rudder surfaces on the vertical stabilizers to control yaw and canted horizontal surfaces on the tail to control pitch when moving in synchronization or roll when moved differentially. For flight in the thin air outside of the appreciable Earth's atmosphere, the X-15 used a reaction control system. Hydrogen peroxide thrust rockets located on the nose of the aircraft provided pitch and yaw control. Those on the wings provided roll control. Because of the large

  8. 基于定性映射的哼唱音乐旋律提取%Humming Music Melody Extraction Based on Qualitative Mapping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯嘉礼; 刘文娟

    2012-01-01

    Based on the character of humming melody extraction and qualitative mapping, combining with the music theory, a qualitative mapping model for extracting humming melody and its algorithm are given in this paper. The key points of the algorithm are the method to choose the criterion of the note segmentation dynamically and the dynamic measure to determine the pitch of a note. Experimental results show that not only a better result of choosing flexibly and reasonably the criterion of the note segmentation can be determined, but also the note pitch can be extracted accurately. The contour of humming melody can be achieved too.%根据哼唱旋律提取的特点和定性映射的相关知识,结合基本乐理,提出哼唱片段旋律提取的定性映射模型和算法,包括哼唱旋律音符切分阈值的动态定性判定,以及音符音高确定的动态赋权的定性映射.实验结果表明,该算法不仅能灵活合理地确定音符切分的定性判定基准,同时能够较准确地提取音符音高,并得到哼唱片段的旋律轮廓线.

  9. M2-F1 on lakebed with pilots Milt Thompson, Chuck Yeager, Don Mallick, and Bruce Peterson

    Science.gov (United States)

    1963-01-01

    After the initial M2-F1 airtow flights, the NASA Flight Research Center used the vehicle to check out other pilots. Bruce Peterson was scheduled to take over as the M2-F1 project pilot from Milt Thompson, while Don Mallick was to be his backup. Col. (later Brig. Gen.) Charles (Chuck) Yeager, then commandant of the Air Force's Aerospace Research Pilots School, wanted to evaluate a possible lifting-body trainer for the school. This photo shows all of these distinguished pilots on or in the M2-F1, with Col. Yeager in the pilot's seat. The lifting body concept evolved in the mid-1950s as researchers considered alternatives to ballistic reentries of piloted space capsules. The designs for hypersonic, wingless vehicles were on the boards at NASA Ames and NASA Langley facilities, while the US Air Force was gearing up for its Dyna-Soar program, which defined the need for a spacecraft that would land like an airplane. Despite favorable research on lifting bodies, there was little support for a flight program. Dryden engineer R. Dale Reed was intrigued with the lifting body concept, and reasoned that some sort of flight demonstration was needed before wingless aircraft could be taken seriously. In February 1962, he built a model lifting body based upon the Ames M2 design, and air-launched it from a radio controlled 'mothership.' Home movies of these flights, plus the support of research pilot Milt Thompson, helped pursuade the facilities director, Paul Bikle, to give the go-ahead for the construction of a full-scale version, to be used as a wind-tunnel model and possibly flown as a glider. Comparing lifting bodies to space capsules, an unofficial motto of the project was, 'Don't be Rescued from Outer Space--Fly Back in Style.' The construction of the M2-F1 was a joint effort by Dryden and a local glider manufacturer, the Briegleb Glider Company. The budget was $30,000. NASA craftsmen and engineers built the tubular steel interior frame. Its mahogany plywood shell was hand

  10. On the Melody Types between the North and the South Dong Folks%南北侗族民歌的旋律类型探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏金梅

    2014-01-01

    South and North Dong Minority , the two branches of Dong , have remarkable differences in the music style of folk songs . South Dong'folk song is mild and obscure while North Dong'folk song is lyric and straightforward . The formation of their differences is closely related to their melody types :the melody type of South Dong's folk song is mainly small wave while the melody type of North Dong's folk song is with ups and small wave ;though both South and North Dong's folk songs enjoy small wave type , there are differences in the music development mode of small wave type . The differences of melody types in South and North Dong's folk songs are connected with their own cultural ecology , i . e , the differences of South and North Dong area's ecological and cultural environment mold out the characteristics of South and North Dong's folk song which is reflected in their different melody types .%南、北侗族作为侗族旗下的两个分支,在民歌音乐风格方面差别显著:南侗民歌平和、含蓄,北侗民歌抒情、直白。这种差异的形成与二者的旋律类型存有紧密联系:南侗民歌的旋律类型仅以小波浪式为主,北侗民歌以跌宕式与小波浪式两种类型为主;南北侗族民歌虽都喜好小波浪式,但二者的小波浪式在音乐发展模式上也不同。而南、北侗族民歌旋律类型的差异正好与彼此所处的文化生态是相互耦合的,也即是说,南、北侗族地区生态文化环境的差异模塑出南北侗族民歌的特性,这一特性在其民歌的旋律类型中得以表现。

  11. Words in melody: an H(2)15O PET study of brain activation during singing and speaking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeffries, K J; Fritz, J B; Braun, A R

    2003-04-15

    We used H(2)15O PET to characterize the interaction of words and melody by comparing brain activity measured while subjects spoke or sang the words to a familiar song. Relative increases in activity during speaking vs singing were observed in the left hemisphere, in classical perisylvian language areas including the posterior superior temporal gyrus, supramarginal gyrus, and frontal operculum, as well as in Rolandic cortices and putamen. Relative increases in activity during singing were observed in the right hemisphere: these were maximal in the right anterior superior temporal gyrus and contiguous portions of the insula; relative increases associated with singing were also detected in the right anterior middle temporal gyrus and superior temporal sulcus, medial and dorsolateral prefrontal cortices, mesial temporal cortices and cerebellum, as well as in Rolandic cortices and nucleus accumbens. These results indicate that the production of words in song is associated with activation of regions within right hemisphere areas that are not mirror-image homologues of left hemisphere perisylvian language areas, and suggest that multiple neural networks may be involved in different aspects of singing. Right hemisphere mechanisms may support the fluency-evoking effects of singing in neurological disorders such as stuttering or aphasia.

  12. Research Pilot Milt Thompson in M2-F2 Aircraft Attached to B-52 Mothership

    Science.gov (United States)

    1966-01-01

    NASA research pilot Milt Thompson sits in the M2-F2 'heavyweight' lifting body research vehicle before a 1966 test flight. The M2-F2 and the other lifting-body designs were all attached to a wing pylon on NASA's B-52 mothership and carried aloft. The vehicles were then drop-launched and, at the end of their flights, glided back to wheeled landings on the dry lake or runway at Edwards AFB. The lifting body designs influenced the design of the Space Shuttle and were also reincarnated in the design of the X-38 in the 1990s. NASA B-52, Tail Number 008, is an air launch carrier aircraft, 'mothership,' as well as a research aircraft platform that has been used on a variety of research projects. The aircraft, a 'B' model built in 1952 and first flown on June 11, 1955, is the oldest B-52 in flying status and has been used on some of the most significant research projects in aerospace history. Some of the significant projects supported by B-52 008 include the X-15, the lifting bodies, HiMAT (highly maneuverable aircraft technology), Pegasus, validation of parachute systems developed for the space shuttle program (solid-rocket-booster recovery system and the orbiter drag chute system), and the X-38. The B-52 served as the launch vehicle on 106 X-15 flights and flew a total of 159 captive-carry and launch missions in support of that program from June 1959 to October 1968. Information gained from the highly successful X-15 program contributed to the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo human spaceflight programs as well as space shuttle development. Between 1966 and 1975, the B-52 served as the launch aircraft for 127 of the 144 wingless lifting body flights. In the 1970s and 1980s, the B-52 was the launch aircraft for several aircraft at what is now the Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California, to study spin-stall, high-angle-of attack, and maneuvering characteristics. These included the 3/8-scale F-15/spin research vehicle (SRV), the HiMAT (Highly Maneuverable Aircraft

  13. Transgenic plants from shoot apical meristems of Vitis vinifera L. "Thompson Seedless" via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutt, M; Li, Z T; Dhekney, S A; Gray, D J

    2007-12-01

    Shoot apical meristem explants of Vitis vinifera "Thompson Seedless" were used for Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation. It was determined that the meristems had to be subjected to a dark growth phase then wounded to obtain transgenic plants. Morphological and histological studies illustrated the role of wounding to expose apical meristem cells for transformation. A bifunctional egfp/nptII fusion gene was used to select kanamycin resistant plants that expressed green fluorescent protein (GFP). Kanamycin at a concentration of 16 mg L(-1) in selection medium resulted in recovery of non-chimeric transgenic plants that uniformly expressed GFP, whereas 8 mg L(-1) kanamycin allowed non-transgenic and/or chimeric plants to develop. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Southern blot analyses confirmed the presence of transgenes and their stable integration into the genome of regenerated plants. Up to 1% of shoot tips produced stable transgenic cultures within 6 weeks of treatment, resulting in a total of 18 independent lines.

  14. The contraction rate in Thompson metric of order-preserving flows on a cone - application to generalized Riccati equations

    CERN Document Server

    Gaubert, Stéphane

    2012-01-01

    We give a formula for the Lipschitz constant in Thompson's part metric of any order-preserving flow on the interior of a (possibly infinite dimensional) closed convex pointed cone. This provides an explicit form of a characterization of Nussbaum concerning non order-preserving flows. As an application of this formula, we show that the flow of the generalized Riccati equation arising in stochastic linear quadratic control is a local contraction on the cone of positive definite matrices and characterize its Lipschitz constant by a matrix inequality. We also show that the same flow is no longer a contraction in other natural Finsler metrics on this cone, including the standard invariant Riemannian metric. This is motivated by a series of contraction properties concerning the standard Riccati equation, established by Bougerol, Liverani, Wojtowski, Lawson, Lee and Lim: we show that some of these properties do, and that some other do not, carry over to the generalized Riccati equation.

  15. A multi-state outbreak of Salmonella serotype Thompson infection from commercially distributed bread contaminated by an ill food handler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimura, A C; Palumbo, M S; Meyers, H; Abbott, S; Rodriguez, R; Werner, S B

    2005-10-01

    Foodborne transmission is estimated to account for 95% of non-typhoidal Salmonella infections reported in the United States; however, outbreaks of salmonellosis are rarely traced to food handlers. In August 2000, an increase in Salmonella serotype Thompson infection was noted in Southern California; most of the cases reported eating at a restaurant chain (Chain A) before illness onset. A case-control study implicated the consumption of burgers at Chain A restaurants. The earliest onset of illness was in a burger bun packer at Bakery B who had not eaten at Chain A but had worked while ill. Bakery B supplied burger buns to some Chain A restaurants in Southern California and Arizona. This outbreak is notable for implicating a food handler as the source of food contamination and for involving bread, a very unusual outbreak vehicle for Salmonella . Inadequate food-handler training as well as delayed reporting to the health department contributed to this outbreak.

  16. Carbon Dioxide, Hydrographic, and Chemical Data Obtained During the R/V Thomas G. Thompson Cruise in the Pacific Ocean

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sabine, C.L.; Key, R.M.; Hall, M.; Kozyr, A.

    1999-08-01

    This data documentation discusses the procedures and methods used to measure total carbon dioxide (TCO2), total alkalinity (TALK), and radiocarbon (delta 14C), at hydrographic stations, as well as the underway partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) during the R/V Thomas G. Thompson oceanographic cruise in the Pacific Ocean (Section P10). Conducted as part of the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE), the cruise began in Suva, Fiji, on October 5, 1993, and ended in Yokohama, Japan, on November 10, 1993. Measurements made along WOCE Section P10 included pressure, temperature, salinity [measured by conductivity temperature, and depth sensor (CTD)], bottle salinity, bottle oxygen, phosphate, nitrate, silicate, chlorofluorocarbons (CFC-11, CFC-12), TCO2, TALK, delta 14C, and underway pCO2.

  17. Unified treatment of $A+B \\to 0 $ and $A+A \\to 0$ chemical reactions through Thompson's approach

    CERN Document Server

    Nassif, C; Nassif, Claudio

    2000-01-01

    In this work we propose an action to describe diffusion limited chemical reactions belonging to various classes of universality. This action is treated through Thompson's approach and can encompass both cases where we have segregation as in the $A+B\\to 0$ reaction, as well the simplest one, namely the $A+A\\to 0$ reaction .Our results for long time and long wavelength behaviors of the species concentrations and reaction rates agree with exact results of Peliti for $A+A\\to 0$ reaction and rigorous results of Bramson and Lebowitz for $A+B\\to 0$ reaction, with equal initial concentrations.The different classes of universality are reflected by the obtained upper critical dimensions varying continuously from $d_{c}=2$ in the first case to $d_{c}=4$ in the last one. Just at the upper critical dimensions we find universal logarithmic corrections to the mean field behavior.

  18. Characteristics of Subcooled Liquid Methane During Passage Through a Spray-Bar Joule-Thompson Thermodynamic Vent System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hastings, L. J.; Bolshinskiy, L. G.; Hedayat, A.; Schnell, A.

    2011-01-01

    NASA s Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) conducted liquid methane (LCH4) testing in November 2006 using the multipurpose hydrogen test bed (MHTB) outfitted with a spray-bar thermodynamic vent system (TVS). The basic objective was to identify any unusual or unique thermodynamic characteristics associated with subcooled LCH4 that should be considered in the design of space-based TVSs. Thirteen days of testing were performed with total tank heat loads ranging from 720 W to 420 W at a fill level of approximately 90%. During an updated evaluation of the data, it was noted that as the fluid passed through the Joule Thompson expansion, thermodynamic conditions consistent with the pervasive presence of metastability were indicated. This paper describes the observed thermodynamic conditions that correspond with metastability and effects on TVS performance.

  19. Effect of the surfactant tween 80 on the detachment and dispersal of Salmonella enterica serovar Thompson single cells and aggregates from cilantro leaves as revealed by image analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandl, Maria T; Huynh, Steven

    2014-08-01

    Salmonella enterica has the ability to form biofilms and large aggregates on produce surfaces, including on cilantro leaves. Aggregates of S. enterica serovar Thompson that remained attached to cilantro leaves after rigorous washing and that were present free or bound to dislodged leaf tissue in the wash suspension were observed by confocal microscopy. Measurement of S. Thompson population sizes in the leaf washes by plate counts failed to show an effect of 0.05% Tween 80 on the removal of the pathogen from cilantro leaves 2 and 6 days after inoculation. On the contrary, digital image analysis of micrographs of single cells and aggregates of green fluorescent protein (GFP)-S. Thompson present in cilantro leaf washes revealed that single cells represented 13.7% of the cell assemblages in leaf washes containing Tween 80, versus 9.3% in those without the surfactant. Moreover, Tween 80 decreased the percentage of the total S. Thompson cell population located in aggregates equal to or larger than 64 cells from 9.8% to 4.4% (P Tween 80 showed that the surfactant promoted the dispersal of cells from large aggregates into smaller ones and into single cells (P < 0.05). Our study underlines the importance of investigating bacterial behavior at the scale of single cells in order to uncover trends undetectable at the population level by bacterial plate counts. Such an approach may provide valuable information to devise strategies aimed at enhancing the efficacy of produce sanitization treatments.

  20. Learning piano melodies in visuo-motor or audio-motor training conditions and the neural correlates of their cross-modal transfer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Engel, Annerose; Bangert, Marc; Horbank, David; Hijmans, Brenda S; Wilkens, Katharina; Keller, Peter E; Keysers, Christian

    2012-11-01

    To investigate the cross-modal transfer of movement patterns necessary to perform melodies on the piano, 22 non-musicians learned to play short sequences on a piano keyboard by (1) merely listening and replaying (vision of own fingers occluded) or (2) merely observing silent finger movements and replaying (on a silent keyboard). After training, participants recognized with above chance accuracy (1) audio-motor learned sequences upon visual presentation (89±17%), and (2) visuo-motor learned sequences upon auditory presentation (77±22%). The recognition rates for visual presentation significantly exceeded those for auditory presentation (ppiano (motor-to-sound transformation). Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. 基于音高旋律元的柔和乐曲的自动作曲算法%Automated Composition Algorithm for Gentle Music Based on Pitch Melody Unit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹西征; 毛文涛; 乔锟; 程小丽; 蔡会娟; 温辉明

    2012-01-01

    提出了一种以柔和为导向、以音高旋律元 (Pitch melody unit,PMU)为基本操作单位的自动作曲算法.首先根据柔和乐曲的旋律特征构建了算法的规则模型.然后定义了一阶音高旋律元和二阶音高旋律元,构建了音高旋律元转换表(Pitch melody unit transition tables,PMUTTs)自动生成的模型,以表达相邻音高旋律元的链接概率,为旋律计算提供基本数据.分别定义了用来自动生成新的音高旋律元、乐节、乐句、乐曲的4个旋律计算的算子,以自动生成乐曲.实验结果表明,与以音符为基本单位的马尔可夫作曲方法相比,以音高旋律元为基本单位进行作曲可以提高旋律的逻辑严密性和美感度.%In this paper, an automated music composition algorithm for gentle music is proposed based on pitch melody unit (PMU) which is the minimal operation unit. Firstly, several algorithmic rule models are constructed according to the melody characteristic of gentle music. Secondly, the 1st-order and 2nd-order PMUs are defined, and a model is further constructed to automatically generate pitch melody unit transition tables (PMUTTs) which are the expression of link probability of two adjacent PMUs. Then, the basic data for melody computing are obtained. Thirdly, four operators of melody computing are defined to generate a new PMU, phrase, sentence, and music, respectively. Finally, the gentle music can be produced automatically. Experimental results demonstrate that this PMU-based approach can make the obtained melody more logical and aesthetic than the Markov model approach which is based on operating notes.

  2. Hydroelectric development project at Thompson Falls on the Franquelin River : public inquiry report; Projet d'amenagement hydroelectrique des chutes a Thompson sur la riviere Franquelin : rapport d'enquete et d'audience publique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2008-08-15

    Quebec's environmental public hearing board, the Bureau d'audiences publiques sur l'environnement (BAPE), met with the citizens in the municipality of Franquelin to hear their views on the proposed development of a hydroelectric generating station at the Thompson Falls on the Franquelin River. The hydroelectric project is being developed in collaboration with the Franquelin River Energy Society and the Group Axor Inc. It involves the construction of an 83 metre long, 8 metre high dam at the crest of the falls. The water level upstream of the dam would increase by 3 metres. The flood waters would create a water reservoir. The generating station would have a generating capacity of 8.8 MW with an annual electricity production of 33,200 MW. The promoter has also proposed the construction of bike paths and walking paths along the river. The participants at the public hearing were in general agreement with the development, although some expressed concern about fish and wildlife. However, in general they agreed that the project would be a strong economic force for the municipality with good fiscal benefits for the town. The project would also contribute to a more stable supply of potable water. If accepted, the construction would begin in 2009. refs., tabs., figs.

  3. Thompson评分在新生儿缺氧缺血性脑病中的应用%Application of Thompson score in neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石芸; 李思秀

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the value of Thompson score in 5 hours after birth for hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in early diagnosis, predicting severity and prognosis.Method Prospectively select neonates with birth asphyxia and abnormal nervous system performance in 5 hours after birth in the neonatal department of our hospital. Thompson score at age 3~5 hours and ambulatory electroencephalogram (AEEG) were recorded.Result 13 patients were dead, with Thompson score all≥ 21. As compared with Thompson score<7, the mothers whose babies with Thompson score≥7 had more pregnancy complications and/or abnormal events during baby birth; the Apgar scores at 1 and 5 minutes were lower; babies need more CPAP, ventilation and medication, more developed to medium-severe HIE , had abnormal AEEG and severely abnormal AEEG. The sensitivity of Thompson score in predicting severe HIE and in predicting the abnormal AEEG outcome are 96.9% and 94.8%; their specificity are 90.9% and 73.9% respectively.Conclusion Thompson score can be used as a method to rapid, economic predict severe HIE and abnormal AEEG. In our study, Thompson score may be more economic, accurately and convenient for clinician in HIE severity prediction than AEEG.%目的:探讨出生后早期行Thompson评分在诊断新生儿缺氧缺血性脑病(hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy,HIE)的程度及预后判断中的价值。方法选择本院存在产时窒息史且出生5小时内出现异常神经系统表现的新生儿进行Thompson评分,并随访动态脑电图(ambulatory electroencephalogram,AEEG)变化。结果13例新生儿死亡,其Thompson评分均≥21分。相对于Thompson评分<7分组,Thompson评分≥7分组母亲更容易合并妊娠并发症和(或)产时特殊情况,新生儿1分钟、5分钟Apgar评分更低,更需要持续正压通气、机械通气和药物支持,发展成中重度HIE的比例更高,异常AEEG的比例更多,更易出

  4. As contribuições teórico-metodológicas de E. P. Thompson: experiência e cultura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suely Aparecida Martins

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo destaca as contribuições teórico-metodológicas do historiador marxista Edward Palmer Thompson e que podem ser úteis para a pesquisa sociológica. A partir de pesquisa bibliográfica, apresenta-se uma breve biografia do autor e em seguida algumas categorias importantes desenvolvidas por ele, como experiência e cultura. Ressalta-se também a ênfase de Thompson em tratar as categorias teóricas considerando-se a processualidade histórica. Por fim, são levantadas algumas possibilidades de análise da juventude do campo na atualidade a partir das contribuições teórico-metodológicas desse autor.

  5. Sam Thompson, Stewart Parker, and the lineage of northern Irish dramaDOI:10.5007/2175-8026.2010n58p179

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilynn Richtarik

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Northern Irish dramatist Stewart Parker (1941-1988 wrote plays typically valued for their wit, intellectual content, and formal experimentation. Nonetheless, he was profoundly influenced as a young man by a very different sort of playwright. Sam Thompson (1916-1965, who began his working life in the Belfast shipyards, squarely confronted Northern Irish sectarianism in his plays. His sense of the political potential of drama left an enduring mark on Parker, who organized and edited Thompson's manuscripts several years after his untimely death. Although their dramatic writings bear little resemblance to each other, the two writers should be regarded as united in a common Northern Irish dramatic tradition by virtue of their shared socialist outlook, belief in the importance of individual stands against conformity, and sense of theatre's social mission.

  6. A PMBGA to Optimize the Selection of Rules for Job Shop Scheduling Based on the Giffler-Thompson Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Zhang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Most existing research on the job shop scheduling problem has been focused on the minimization of makespan (i.e., the completion time of the last job. However, in the fiercely competitive market nowadays, delivery punctuality is more important for maintaining a high service reputation. So in this paper, we aim at solving job shop scheduling problems with the total weighted tardiness objective. Several dispatching rules are adopted in the Giffler-Thompson algorithm for constructing active schedules. It is noticeable that the rule selections for scheduling consecutive operations are not mutually independent but actually interrelated. Under such circumstances, a probabilistic model-building genetic algorithm (PMBGA is proposed to optimize the sequence of selected rules. First, we use Bayesian networks to model the distribution characteristics of high-quality solutions in the population. Then, the new generation of individuals is produced by sampling the established Bayesian network. Finally, some elitist individuals are further improved by a special local search module based on parameter perturbation. The superiority of the proposed approach is verified by extensive computational experiments and comparisons.

  7. Acoustic Doppler current profiling from the JGOFS Arabian sea cruises aboard the RV T.G. Thompson

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyun-Sook; Flagg, C.N.; Shi, Yan

    1996-06-01

    Acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) data is part of the core data for the U.S. JGOFS Arabian Sea project, along with hydrographic and nutrient data. Seventeen cruises are scheduled to take place between September 1994 and January 1996 on the R/V T.G. Thompson. They are numbered consecutively from the ship`s commissioning with the first JGOFS cruise designated TN039. Table 1 lists start and end dates of each cruise with its mission. All but the first cruise have been or will be staged from Muscat, Oman. Each cruise is scheduled for a duration of between two weeks and one month. Seven of the cruises, referred to as process cruises, follow a standard cruise track, taking hydrographic, chemical and biological measurements. The rest of the cruises, which take place generally within the standard cruise region defined by a set track, are for the deployment and recovery of moored equipments and towing of a SeaSoar. ADCP data are collected using an autonomous data acquisition system developed for ship-of-opportunity cruises, named the AutoADCP system. The system is an extension of RD instrument`s DAS version 2.48 using enhancements made possible with {open_quotes}user-exit{close_quotes} programs. It makes it possible to collect ADCP data without the constant monitoring usually necessary and insures constant data coverage and uniform data quality.

  8. A cost-benefit analysis of preventative management for zebra and quagga mussels in the Colorado-Big Thompson System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Catherine M.

    2010-01-01

    net benefits of preventative management strategies. This study builds a bioeconomic simulation model to predict and compare the expected economic costs of the CDOW boat inspection program ot the benefits of reduced expected control costs to water conveyance systems, hydropower generation stations, and minicipal water treatment facilities. The model is based on a case study water delivery and storage system, the Colorado-Big Thompson system. The Colorado-Big Thomspon system is an excellent example of water systems in the Rocky Mountain West. The system is nearly entirely man-made, with all of its reservoirs and delivery points connected via pipelines, tunnels, and canals. The structures and hydropower systems of the Colorado-Big Thompson system are common to other western storage and delivery systems, making the methods and insight developed from this case study transferal to other western systems. The model developed in this study contributes to the bioeconomic literature in several ways. Foremost, the model predicts the spread of dreissena mussels and associated damage costs for a connected water system in the Rocky Mountain West. Very few zebra mussel studies have focused on western water systems. Another distinguishing factor is the simultaneous consideration of spread from propagules introduced by boats and by flows. Most zebra mussel dispersal models consider boater movement patterns combined with limnological characteristics as predictors of spread. A separate set of studies have addressed mussel spread via downstream flows. To the author's knowledge, this is the first study that builds a zebra mussel spread model that specifically accounts for propagule pressure from boat introductions and from downstream flow introductions. By modeling an entire connected system, the study highlights how the spatial layout of a system, and the risk of invasion within a system affect the benefits of preventative management. This report is presented in five chapters. The first

  9. Activación de resistencia sistémica inducida en vid “Thompson Seedless”, en respuesta Pseudomonas veronii R4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María F. Peñafiel-Jaramillo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo principal fue evaluar el mecanismo de RSI en “Thompson Seedless”, al estímulo de los genes (Lox2, Tlp1, Npr1, Eir1. Se verificaron la activación de genes de defensa para hojas y raíces, demostrando la activación sistémica por inoculación de P. veronii R4 en ‘Thompson Seedless’. Mediante q-PCR observamos la expresión del gen Lox2 en hojas de vid, con aumento progresivo hasta (12 h de post inoculación de muestreo, al analizar este mismo gen en raíces no existió estímulo alguno. Los niveles transcripcionales de los genes Eir1 y Tlp1, fueron estimulados solo en raíces al ser expuestas por R4. Los niveles de estímulo del gen Tlp1 se relaciona con la habilidad que tiene R4 en desarrollar el complejo de simbiosis inducido por la vía del etileno (ET. Los niveles de estímulo del gen Npr1 fueron constitutivos en hojas y raíces, no encontrando diferencias significativas entre plantas tratadas con PBS o R4. Los resultados demuestran que R4, en contacto con raíces de ‘Thompson Seedless’, estimulan la expresión de los genes Eir1, Lox2, Tlp1 a 5 min, 6 y 12 h de post inoculación, permitiendo establecer la efectividad de RSI dirigida por la cepa R4 en “Thompson Seedless” confiriendo un estado de prealerta.

  10. Clinical, Radiologic and scintigraphic evaluation of the results of A. Moore and Thompson prostheses in the management of femoral neck fractures

    OpenAIRE

    Kiran, Ugur; Orhan, Zafer; Parmaksizoglu, Atilla Sancar; Ozkaya, Ufuk; Yalaman, Okan; Yazıcı, Nüzhet

    2004-01-01

    140 patients had been operated due to femoral neck fractures in the Ortopaedics and Traumatology CIinic Taksim State Hospital during the period of 1985 to 1991 and of this group, 42 patient's results were clinically, radiologically and scintigraphically evaluated. We evaluated the technical criteria used in the A.Moore type and the Thompson type endoprostheses, and tried to emphasize the significance of Tc-99 bone scanning in assesment of the results of prosthetic replacement. In this study, ...

  11. Production of autoinducer 2 in Salmonella enterica serovar Thompson contributes to its fitness in chickens but not on cilantro leaf surfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandl, M T; Miller, W G; Bates, A H; Mandrell, R E

    2005-05-01

    Food-borne illness caused by Salmonella enterica has been linked traditionally to poultry products but is associated increasingly with fresh fruits and vegetables. We have investigated the role of the production of autoinducer 2 (AI-2) in the ability of S. enterica serovar Thompson to colonize the chicken intestine and the cilantro phyllosphere. A mutant of S. enterica serovar Thompson that is defective in AI-2 production was constructed by insertional mutagenesis of luxS. The population size of the S. enterica serovar Thompson parental strain was significantly higher than that of its LuxS(-) mutant in the intestine, spleen, and droppings of chicks 12 days after their oral inoculation with the strains in a ratio of 1:1. In contrast, no significant difference in the population dynamics of the parental and LuxS(-) strain was observed after their inoculation singly or in mixtures onto cilantro plants. Digital image analysis revealed that 54% of S. enterica serovar Thompson cells were present in large aggregates on cilantro leaves but that the frequency distributions of the size of aggregates formed by the parental strain and the LuxS(-) mutant were not significantly different. Carbon utilization profiles indicated that the AI-2-producing strain utilized a variety of amino and organic acids more efficiently than its LuxS(-) mutant but that most sugars were utilized similarly in both strains. Thus, inherent differences in the nutrients available to S. enterica in the phyllosphere and in the chicken intestine may underlie the differential contribution of AI-2 synthesis to the fitness of S. enterica in these environments.

  12. Physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN274 in the North Pacific Ocean and Philippine Sea from 2012-01-25 to 2012-02-21 (NODC Accession 0104371)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0104371 includes physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN274 in the North Pacific Ocean and Philippine Sea...

  13. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN267 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2011-07-29 to 2011-08-09 (NODC Accession 0104366)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0104366 includes biological, chemical, optical, physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN267 in the Coastal...

  14. Chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN270 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2011-09-01 to 2011-10-21 (NODC Accession 0104369)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0104369 includes chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN270 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and...

  15. Chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN254 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2010-09-09 to 2010-10-11 (NODC Accession 0104359)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0104359 includes chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN254 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and...

  16. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN236 in the South Pacific Ocean from 2009-06-12 to 2009-07-08 (NODC Accession 0104353)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0104353 includes biological, chemical, optical, physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN236 in the South...

  17. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN253 in the North Pacific Ocean from 2010-08-26 to 2010-09-07 (NODC Accession 0104358)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0104358 includes biological, chemical, optical, physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN253 in the North...

  18. Chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN269 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2011-09-01 to 2011-10-08 (NODC Accession 0104368)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0104368 includes chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN269 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and...

  19. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN256 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska from 2010-10-23 to 2010-11-03 (NODC Accession 0104361)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0104361 includes biological, chemical, optical, physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN256 in the Coastal...

  20. Nutrients profile data from various projects collected by the R/V ALPHA HELIX, THOMAS WASHINGTON and THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the Northeast Pacific and Bering Sea from 12 August 1980 to 17 July 1987 (NODC Accession 0000269)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Nutrients profile data were collected from the R/V ALPHA HELIX, THOMAS WASHINGTON, and THOMAS G. THOMPSON from August 12, 1980 to July 17, 1987. Data were submitted...

  1. Nutrients data from the R/V ALPHA HELIX and T.G. THOMPSON as part of the Inner Shelf Transfer and Recycling Project from 17 April 1987 to 21 July 1988 (NODC Accession 0000296)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Nitrate, nitrite, phosphate, silicate, and other data were collected from the R/V ALPHA HELIX and THOMAS G. THOMPSON from April 17, 1987 to July 21, 1988. Data were...

  2. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN259 in the North Pacific Ocean from 2010-11-23 to 2010-12-22 (NODC Accession 0117399)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0117399 includes biological, chemical, optical and physical data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN259 in the North Pacific...

  3. Chemical and physical data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN246 in the South Atlantic Ocean and South Pacific Ocean from 2010-01-15 to 2010-03-05 (NODC Accession 0117396)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0117396 includes chemical and physical data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN246 in the South Atlantic Ocean and South Pacific...

  4. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN244 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska from 2009-12-05 to 2009-12-08 (NODC Accession 0117395)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0117395 includes biological, chemical, optical and physical data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN244 in the Coastal Waters of...

  5. Chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN282 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2012-03-11 to 2012-07-06 (NODC Accession 0104374)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0104374 includes chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN282 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and...

  6. Chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN235 in the South Pacific Ocean from 2009-05-16 to 2009-06-08 (NODC Accession 0104352)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0104352 includes chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN235 in the South Pacific Ocean from...

  7. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN278 in the North Pacific Ocean from 2012-03-17 to 2012-04-23 (NODC Accession 0117419)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0117419 includes biological, chemical, optical and physical data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN278 in the North Pacific...

  8. Oceanographic Station Data from bottle casts from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON as part of the International Decade of Ocean Exploration / Coastal Upwelling Ecosystems Analysis (IDOE/CUEA) from 26 March 1973 to 14 May 1973 (NODC Accession 7600854)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic Station Data were collected from bottle casts from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON from 26 March 1973 to 14 May 1973. Data were collected by the University of...

  9. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the North Pacific Ocean from 1985-08-04 to 1985-09-07 (NCEI Accession 0143394)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0143394 includes discrete sample and profile data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the North Pacific Ocean from 1985-08-04 to 1985-09-07 and...

  10. Chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN255 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2010-10-16 to 2010-10-20 (NODC Accession 0104360)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0104360 includes chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN255 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and...

  11. Temperature profile and water depth data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON using BT and XBT casts in the NE/NW Pacific Ocean from 15 October 1985 to 28 October 1985 (NODC Accession 8800059)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile and water depth data were collected using BT and XBT casts from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the Northeast / Northwest Pacific Ocean. Data were...

  12. Physical, chemical and biological CTD and bottle data from R/V Thomas G. Thompson cruise TN278 in eastern tropical North Pacific Ocean from March 19 to April 20, 2012 (NODC Accession 0109846)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This report contains data from R/V Thomas G. Thompson cruise TN278 to the eastern tropical north pacific oxygen deficient zone. The objective of the cruise was to...

  13. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN241 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska from 2009-10-17 to 2009-10-23 (NODC Accession 0117394)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0117394 includes biological, chemical, optical and physical data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN241 in the Coastal Waters of...

  14. Temperature profile data collected using bottle casts from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON and other platforms from the Pacific Ocean during the Thermal Structure Monitoring Program in the Pacific (TRANSPAC) project, 30 March 1985 to 03 June 1985 (NODC Accession 8700228)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic Station Data and temperature, depth, and other data were collected using meteorological sensors, secchi disks, and bottle casts from THOMAS G. THOMPSON...

  15. Physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN232 in the Philippine Sea from 2009-04-02 to 2009-04-17 (NODC Accession 0104350)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0104350 includes physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN232 in the Philippine Sea from 2009-04-02 to...

  16. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN264 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2011-05-21 to 2011-05-24 (NODC Accession 0117418)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0117418 includes biological, chemical, optical and physical data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN264 in the Coastal Waters of...

  17. Physical and nutrient data from bottle and CTD casts from the THOMAS THOMPSON from the equatorial Pacific Ocean from 30 January 1992 to 09 March 1992 (NODC Accession 9600091)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Physical and nutrient data were collected from bottle and CTD casts from the THOMAS THOMPSON from the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Data were collected by the Bigelow...

  18. Physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN265 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2011-05-28 to 2011-06-24 (NODC Accession 0104364)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0104364 includes physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN265 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North...

  19. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN250 in the Bering Sea from 2010-06-16 to 2010-07-15 (NODC Accession 0117398)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0117398 includes biological, chemical, optical and physical data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN250 in the Bering Sea from...

  20. Chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN266 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2011-06-27 to 2011-07-27 (NODC Accession 0104365)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0104365 includes chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN266 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and...

  1. Cloud amount/frequency, NITRATE and other data from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the TOGA Area - Pacific from 1985-06-18 to 1985-07-15 (NCEI Accession 9000124)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Conductivity, Temperature and Depth (CTD) data were collected as part of El Nino watch. R/V Thomas G. Thompson was used to collect data from TOGA Area-Pacific...

  2. Light transmission and other data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the TOGA area - Pacific Ocean (30 N to 30 S) from 09 January 1992 to 30 August 1992 (NODC Accession 9700034)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Light transmission and other data were collected using transmissometer casts from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the TOGA area of Pacific Ocean. Data were submitted by...

  3. Physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN283 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2012-03-11 to 2012-07-24 (NODC Accession 0104385)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0104385 includes physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN283 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North...

  4. Physical data from CTD casts in the North Pacific Ocean from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON and the THOMAS WASHINGTON in support of the Marathon 2 Project from 05 May 1985 to 07 September 1987 (NODC Accession 9400131)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature and salinity profiles were collected from CTD casts in the North Pacific Ocean from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON and the THOMAS WASHINGTON. Data were collected...

  5. Chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN268 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2011-08-11 to 2011-09-01 (NODC Accession 0104367)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0104367 includes chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN268 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and...

  6. Chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN281 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2012-04-29 to 2012-05-27 (NODC Accession 0104373)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0104373 includes chemical, optical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN281 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and...

  7. Physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN234 in the South Pacific Ocean from 2009-05-05 to 2009-05-13 (NODC Accession 0104351)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0104351 includes physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN234 in the South Pacific Ocean from 2009-05-05 to...

  8. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN249 in the Bering Sea from 2010-05-10 to 2010-06-15 (NODC Accession 0117397)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0117397 includes biological, chemical, optical and physical data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN249 in the Bering Sea from...

  9. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN260 in the North Pacific Ocean from 2010-12-26 to 2011-01-04 (NODC Accession 0104363)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0104363 includes biological, chemical, optical, physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN260 in the North...

  10. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN252 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2010-07-26 to 2010-08-23 (NODC Accession 0104356)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0104356 includes biological, chemical, optical, physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN252 in the Coastal...

  11. Automatic Melody Segmentation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rodríguez López, Marcelo

    2016-01-01

    The work presented in this dissertation investigates music segmentation. In the field of Musicology, segmentation refers to a score analysis technique, whereby notated pieces or passages of these pieces are divided into “units” referred to as sections, periods, phrases, and so on. Segmentation analy

  12. 唐代乐人“善唱某曲”与词之生成∗%On the Origin of Ci-poetry and Musicians′Favorite Melodies in the Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王立增

    2016-01-01

    唐代乐人存在一个普遍现象,即某个乐人善于演唱某些曲调。当这些乐人从事歌唱表演活动时,往往把文人诗歌配入自己擅长的曲调进行演唱。之所以出现这种情况,与当时音乐的创作、传承及接受有关。正是由于这一行为,促进了词体文学的生成与繁荣。具体表现在:形成了词牌及词牌的生存方式,导致了一调多辞与杂言的出现,使越来越多的文人积极参与依调填词的创作活动,从而激发了词体文学的大众化传播。%Musicians in the Tang Dynasty were good at giving performances of their favorite melodies, this can be seen from the facts that some musicians would employ their favorite melodies to musicalize the existed poetry. This has a very close relation with the situation of music creation, inheritance and its spreading of the time. It is because of this reality, ci-poetry arose as a new literary trend and entered a stage of flourishing. This can be well expressed in the following aspects:the melody of ci-poetry came into existence;one melody is used to match many verses;essays appeared as a new literary genre;literati began to write ci-poetry according to the given melody. Hence Ci-poetry became more popular than ever before.

  13. Storm and flood of July 31-August 1, 1976, in the Big Thompson River and Cache la Poudre River basins, Larimer and Weld Counties, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCain, Jerald F.; Shroba, R.R.

    1979-01-01

    PART A: Devastating flash floods swept through the canyon section of Larimer County in north-central Colorado during the night of July 31-August I, 1976, causing 139 deaths, 5 missing persons, and more than $35 million in total damages. The brunt of the storms occurred over the Big Thompson River basin between Drake and Estes Park with rainfall amounts as much as 12 inches being reported during the storm period. In the Cache la Poudre River basin to the north, a rainfall amount of 10 inches was reported for one locality while 6 inches fell over a widespread area near the central part of the basin. The storms developed when strong low-level easterly winds to the rear of a polar front pushed a moist, conditionally unstable airmass upslope into the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. Orographic uplift released the convective instability, and light south-southeasterly winds at middle and upper levels allowed the storm complex to remain nearly stationary over the foothills for several hours. Minimal entrainment of relatively moist air at middle and upper levels, very low cloud bases, and a slightly tilted updraft structure contributed to a high precipitation efficiency. Intense rainfall began soon after 1900 MDT (Mountain Daylight Time) in the Big Thompson River and the North Fork Cache la Poudre River basins. A cumulative rainfall curve developed for Glen Comfort from radar data indicates that 7.5 inches of rain fell during the period 1930-2040 MDT on July 31. In the central part of the storm area west of Fort Collins, the heaviest rainfall began about 2200 MDT on July 31 and continued until 0100 MDT on August 1. Peak discharges were extremely large on many streams in the storm area-exceeding previously recorded maximum discharges at several locations. The peak discharge of the Big Thompson River at the gaging station at the canyon mouth, near Drake was 31,200 cubic feet per second or more than four times the previous maximum discharge of 7,600 cubic feet per second at

  14. Left Main Coronary Artery Compression following Melody Pulmonary Valve Implantation: Use of Impella Support as Rescue Therapy and Perioperative Challenges with ECMO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erica D. Wittwer

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this case is to describe the complex perioperative management of a 30-year-old woman with congenital heart disease and multiple resternotomies presenting with pulmonary homograft dysfunction and evaluation for percutaneous pulmonary valve replacement. Transvenous, transcatheter Melody valve placement caused left main coronary artery occlusion and cardiogenic shock. An Impella ventricular assist device (VAD provided rescue therapy during operating room transport for valve removal and pulmonary homograft replacement. ECMO support was required following surgery. Several days later during an attempted ECMO wean, her hemodynamics deteriorated abruptly. Transesophageal and epicardial echocardiography identified pulmonary graft obstruction, requiring homograft revision due to large thrombosis. This case illustrates a role for Impella VAD as bridge to definitive procedure after left coronary occlusion and describes management of complex perioperative ECMO support challenges.

  15. Molecular dynamics simulations of hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-s-triazine (RDX) using a combined Sorescu-Rice-Thompson AMBER force field.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agrawal, Paras M; Rice, Betsy M; Zheng, Lianqing; Thompson, Donald L

    2006-12-28

    We present the results of molecular dynamics simulations of crystalline hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-s-triazine (RDX) using the SRT-AMBER force field (P. M. Agrawal et al., J. Phys. Chem. B 2006, 110, 5721), which combines the rigid-molecule force field developed by Sorescu-Rice-Thompson (D. C. Sorescu, B. M. Rice, and D. L. Thompson, J. Phys. Chem. B 1997, 101, 798) with the intramolecular interactions obtained from the Generalized AMBER Force Field (Wang et al., J. Comput. Chem. 2004, 25, 1157). The calculated crystal density at room conditions is about 10% lower than the measured value, while the lattice parameters and thermodynamic melting point are within about 5% at ambient pressure. The chair and inverted chair conformation, bond lengths, and bond angles of the RDX molecule are accurately predicted; however, there are some inaccuracies in the calculated orientations of the NO2 groups. The SRT-AMBER force field predicts overall reasonable results, but modifications, probably in the torsional parameters, are needed for a more accurate force field.

  16. 'A way of struggle': reformations and affirmations of E. P. Thompson's class analysis in the light of postmodern theories of language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, M W

    1997-09-01

    This paper is an analysis of the role of language in historical class formation in light of the recent developments in postmodern social theory and historiography. Revisionists from within this perspective have questioned if not abandoned E. P. Thompson's class struggle analysis, arguing that he fails to account for the constitutive character of language in the construction of collective identities. They oppose his account of the making of the English working class with alternative histories emphasizing populist and other non-class identities. Drawing on the Bakhtin Circle of literary studies, and returning to Thompson's own writings, I argue that we can incorporate language into class struggle analysis as a critical mediating force. I maintain that class struggle occurs largely within a hegemonic discursive formation, and that class consciousness and identity thus in part are formed through counter-hegemonic strategies of resistance to ideological domination. To illustrate this theory I analyse the role of language in the class struggles of the silk weavers of the Spitalfields district in London in the 1820s. I analyse how the silk weavers articulated a class consciousness through their counter-hegemonic struggles with the large capitalists and the language of political economy.

  17. Music database construction based on MIDI melody feature extraction%MIDI主旋律特征提取构建音乐数据库

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娟; 周明全; 李鹏

    2011-01-01

    音乐特征数据库是实现哼唱音乐检索系统的重要基础.对MIDI进行分析,从MIDI主音轨中提取主旋律特征向量构建音乐特征数据库,同时提出一种对MIDI旋律进行切分的算法,以一句歌词作为步进进行检索.与原有的基于近似符号串匹配算法不同,自动断句能够极大地提高检索准确率,并且节约检索时长.%Musical feature database is the foundation of music retrieval.Based on MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) analysis, feature vectors are extracted from the main MIDI track in order to construct the music database.Dividing the melody of MIDI is a new method which can retrieve a piece of music by sentence.Compared with the approximate string matching methods,the proposed method can improve the efficiency of the retrieval obviously.

  18. 斯美塔那"波尔卡"的旋律及音域特征简析%Analysis of Characteristics of Melody and Range of Smetana's Polka

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈波

    2016-01-01

    斯美塔那是19世纪捷克民族乐派的奠基人,钢琴音乐创作是其最主要的创作领域之一,而"波尔卡"又是其钢琴作品中最为最要的创作体裁.据此,笔者选择彼得版(Edition Peters)编号Nr.4455的斯美塔那钢琴曲集《波尔卡舞曲》作为主要的分析研究对象,对斯美塔那波尔卡舞曲中旋律及音域的特征展开分析与探讨.%Smetana is the founder of the 19th century Czech folk music. Piano music creation is one of his most important fields of creation, and "Polka" is the most important creation genre among his piano works. Hereby, the author chooses the Peter Edition No. Nr.4455 of Smetana piano collections Smetana Polkasas the main research object as well as analyzes and discusses on characteristics of the melody and the range of Smetana polka.

  19. Functional lateralisation of pitch accents and intonation in Norwegian: Monrad-Krohn's study of an aphasic patient with altered "melody of speech".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moen, I

    1991-11-01

    The present article provides a linguistic analysis of Monrad-Krohn's famous description of a patient with deviant prosody (1947). Monrad-Krohn found it particularly striking that the patient's "melody of speech" had been damaged although her musical abilities showed no impairment. The patient had suffered a traumatic motor aphasia as the result of a shrapnel wound in Broca's area. In East Norwegian, accented syllables are associated with one of two pitch patterns, either a fall in pitch or a low-level pitch. The patient had trouble producing the distinction between these two accents. Monrad-Krohn's description also suggests that she may have accented words in contexts where they should have been unaccented, with the result that these syllables (erroneously) received one of the two pitch patterns. It is suggested that her apparently deviant sentence intonation could, in some cases, be the "secondary" result of a tendency to produce full vowels in positions where a reduced vowel would be expected, thus abnormally prolonging an otherwise appropriate rising pitch pattern.

  20. Francis Thompson o el misticismo al revés ( A los 75 años de una obra maestra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucio Pabón Núñez

    1965-08-01

    Full Text Available En 1887 Francis Thompson envió a la revista católica de Londres Merry England un ensayo en prosa y dos poesías. Dirigían la publicación Wilfrid Meynell y su esposa, Alice, consagrada como cantora de profundos sentimientos y de dulces expresiones. Después de varias y difíciles tentativas para poner en relación directa a los publicistas y al colaborador espontáneo, se efectúa esta escena: "Lo que vio entrar a su despacho el señor Meynell fue un mendigo espantosamente flaco y lívido, sin más ropa que un largo paletó bajo el cual no había ropa interior, deshecho el calzado, que dejaba al descubierto los desnudos pies. Embarazosa situación...

  1. Política, teoría e historia: el William Morris de E. P. Thompson desde la sociología de los intelectuales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALEJANDRO ESTRELLA GONZÁLEZ

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo pretende ilustrar la forma en la que los cambios en las condiciones sociales y urgencias prácticas a las que se enfrenta un autor determinan «los giros» que es posible apreciar en su trayectoria intelectual, sin que esto signifique que dicha trayectoria pueda explicarse exclusivamente por aquellos condicionantes. Para ilustrar este fenómeno tomaremos como objeto de estudio las dos versiones del William Morris de E. P. Thompson, uno de los historiadoresque mayor influencia ha ejercido en el ámbito de las ciencias sociales contemporáneas. Sobre dicho objeto, aplicáremos las herramientas que nos ofrece la sociología de los intelectuales de Pierre Bourdieu, cuya propuesta permite explicar cómo funcionan las determinaciones extra-intelectuales, sin que ello implique aceptar una reducción del «texto» al «contexto».

  2. Solvent Stokes' shifts revisited: application and comparison of Thompson-Schweizer-Chandler-Song-Marcus theories with Ooshika-Bakshiev-Lippert theories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirk, William

    2008-12-25

    The "classical" treatment of solvent Stokes' shifts has been with us for 50 years or more. Twenty-five years ago, aided by new statistical mechanical underpinnings of liquid-state theory, Chandler and others [Thompson, M.; Schweizer, K.; Chandler, D. J. Chem. Phys. 1982, 76, 1128-1135. Schweizer, K.; Chandler, D. J. Chem. Phys. 1983, 78, 4118-4125. Song, X.; Chandler, D.; Marcus, R. J. Phys. Chem. 1996, 100, 11954-959.] developed newer approaches to predicting solvent shifts. I employ these here in a direct comparison with the older methods for three molecules of general interest in four different solvents. I also suggest new routes to future methods that may retain the advantages of both methods.

  3. 利用Thompson距离研究非线性矩阵方程%Solving a Nonlinear Matrix Equation via Thompson Metric

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高东杰

    2014-01-01

    Based on the elegant properties of the Thompson metric, we study the nonlinear matrix equationX-A*X-1/2A=I via contraction principle. We prove that the equation has a unique positive definite solution. An numerical method is proposed to compute the positive definite solution, meanwhile the error estimation of the algorithm is given.%首先介绍Thompson距离的基本性质,在此基础上利用压缩原理来研究非线性矩阵方程X-A*X-1/2A=I。证明了矩阵方程有唯一的正定解。给出了一种求正定解的数值方法,同时指出了此算法的误差估计。

  4. Evaluation of the Katz-Thompson model for estimating the water permeability of cement-based materials from mercury intrusion porosimetry data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    El-Dieb, A.S.; Hooton, R.D. (Univ. of Toronto, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Civil Engineering)

    1994-01-01

    The permeability of concrete is becoming a focal characteristic with regard to the durability and performance of cement-based materials, pastes, mortars and concretes. Since it is mainly affected by the microstructure of the porous media, many models and theories have been developed relating the permeability of porous media to their microstructural parameters. One which proved to be useful in predicting the permeability of sedimentary rock, from mercury intrusion porosimetry data, is the Katz-Thompson theory. A review of this theory and its assumptions is presented, and its applicability to cementitious materials is investigated using two sets of data of various hardened cement pastes and concretes. Also, the major differences between cement-based materials and sedimentary rock from the microstructural point of view is reported.

  5. El índice de Thompson en el estudio de la extinción de poblaciones que hablan lenguas indígenas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Ordorica Mellado

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito de este artículo es presentar el análisis realizado mediante el índice de reemplazo de Thompson para determinar qué poblaciones hablantes de lengua indígena están en proceso de extinción, a fin de establecer programas orientados a la supervivencia de esos grupos indígenas. Con base en la información sobre la estructura por edad derivada de un censo de población, es posible obtener una estimación de la tasa de reproducción. Según los resultados, las lenguas en proceso de extinción acelerada en México son: chontal, mayo, chontal de Oaxaca y matlatzinca; mientras que las que están en proceso de extinción lenta son: mazahua, mame, maya, chontal de Tabasco y otomí.

  6. Hipóteses e interpretação experimental: a conjetura de poincaré e a descoberta da hiperfosforescência por Becquerel e Thompson Hypothesis and experimental interpretation: Poincaré's conjecture and the discovery of hyperphosphorescence by Becquerel and Thompson

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto de Andrade Martins

    2004-01-01

    Este trabalho descreve as pesquisas realizadas por Henri Becquerel e por Silvanus Thompson, em 1897, que são normalmente descritas como representando a descoberta da radioatividade. No entanto, o estudo histórico detalhado desse episódio mostra que os pesquisadores em questão tinham uma interpretação sobre os fenômenos que estudaram muito diferente da atual. Sua interpretação, segundo a qual haviam descoberto a "hiperfosforescência", baseava-se nos pressupostos que guiaram seus experimentos -...

  7. The 2008 Charles H. Thompson Lecture-Colloquium Presentation: From Du Bois to Obama--The Education of Peoples of African Descent in the United States in the 21st Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Carol D.

    2009-01-01

    This article presents the text of a lecture delivered by American Educational Research Association President Carol D. Lee at the 29th Annual Charles H. Thompson Lecture-Colloquium Series which was held on November 5, 2008. In her lecture, Lee discussed several points of similarities between W. E. B. Du Bois and President Barack Obama. These…

  8. On the Relationship between Jinzhong Dialect, and Jinju Yunbai, with Melody of Changqiang%晋中方言与晋剧韵白及唱腔旋律的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊凤龙

    2015-01-01

    文章选取了具有代表性的晋剧韵白和传统唱段,一方面用praat软件对韵白录音采用波形图、语图、基频线分析,另一方面则从晋剧唱腔旋律与晋中方言的字调作对应性分析,结果表明:晋中方言的字调对晋剧韵白、唱腔旋律的走向具有明显的制约作用。%To select representative Jinju Yunbai and traditional changqiang, this paper analyzed the waveform, sonogram, and fundamental frequency line of yunbai recording with the software PRAAT, and meanwhile made correspondence analysis on the melody of Jinju changqiang and tone of Chinese characters in Jinzhong dialect. The results showed that the tone of Chinese characters in jinzhong dialect had been a significant restraining effect to the trend of Jinju’s yunbai and melody of changqiang.

  9. An Approach to the Characteristics of the Mongolian Short tune Folk Song Melody Style%科尔沁蒙古族短调民歌旋律风格特征探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李世相

    2012-01-01

    The academic circle has long been paying more attention to the division of the folk style color area,but less of an academic research organization,the combination of music rhythm,melody exhibition derivative of folk melody pitch of the style.Mongolian short tune folk songs are unique with melodic style of "smooth rap","symmetry of rhythm combination "and the use of " lining the cavity of the lyric" and the "richness of tonal thinking".%长期以来,学术界对如何划分民歌风格色彩区关注较多,而对于各风格色彩区民歌的旋律音高组织、音乐节奏组合、旋律展衍规律等学理上的研究较少。科尔沁蒙古族短调民歌独具特色,旋律风格体现于"平稳进行的说唱性""节奏组合的对称性""善用衬腔的抒情性"与"调性思维的丰富性"等方面。

  10. 论辛弃疾“以文为词”对于元散曲的影响%On the Impact of Xin Qiji’s“Writing Ci Poems in Prose Style”on Loose Melody of Yuan Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    莫亚容

    2014-01-01

    “Writing Ci Poems in Prose Style”has been subject to Ci specialists’ attention, but more focused on“Writing Ci Poems in Prose Style”concept itself, while its influence to other forms of literature are seldom addressed. This paper sorts out the concept evolution of“Writing Ci Poems in Prose style”, and gives a comparison of the prose language style, the argumentative method and the loose melody, then comes to believe that“Writing Ci Poems in Prose Style”has an impact on loose melody, playing an active role in its approaches, contents and diversity.%“以文为词”历来受到词学家的重视,但多着眼于“以文为词”概念本身,就其对于其他文学形式的影响论及甚少。该文通过对于“以文为词”概念流变过程的梳理,将“以文为词”散文化的语言、议论化的手法结合音律上的可能性同散曲加以比照,认为散曲受到“以文为词”的影响,在散曲的表现手法、内容及多样性上起到积极作用。

  11. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN247 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska, North Pacific Ocean and South Pacific Ocean from 2010-03-11 to 2010-04-27 (NODC Accession 0104408)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0104408 includes biological, chemical, optical, physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN247 in the Coastal...

  12. Physical, chemical, nutrient, and other data from the Gulf of California from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON as part of the International Decade of Ocean Exploration / Coastal Upwelling Ecosystems Analysis (IDOE/CUEA) from 05 March 1972 to 09 April 1972 (NODC Accession 7400405)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Physical, chemical, nutrient, and other data were collected from the Gulf of California from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON from 05 March 1972 to 09 April 1972. Data were...

  13. Temperature profiles from expendable bathythermograph (XBT) casts from the R/V THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the North Pacific Ocean in support of the Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS) project from 15 February 1975 to 22 March 1975 (NODC Accession 7501214)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — XBT data were collected from the R/V THOMAS G. THOMPSON in support of the Integrated Global Ocean Services System (IGOSS) project. Data were collected by the US...

  14. Oceanographic Station Data from CTD and bottle casts from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON as part of the International Decade of Ocean Exploration / International Ocean Studies / First Dynamic Response and Kinematics Experiment in the Drake Passage (IDOE/ISOS/FDRAKE) from 15 March 1976 to 06 April 1976 (NODC Accession 7800333)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic Station Data were collected from CTD and bottle casts from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON from 15 March 1976 to 06 April 1976. Data were collected by the Woods...

  15. Dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the North Pacific Ocean from 1997-11-01 to 1997-11-11 (NODC Accession 0115176)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115176 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the North Pacific Ocean from 1997-11-01 to...

  16. BIOMASS, FLUORESCENCE and species abundance tows - undulating tow and tows data collected in the North Pacific Ocean on the NEW HORIZON, RANGE RECOVERER and THOMAS G. THOMPSON cruises NH0005, NH0007 and others as part of the NEP project from 2000-05-30 to 2002-08-16 (NODC Accession 0114240)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0114240 includes tows - undulating tow, tows and biological data collected aboard the NEW HORIZON, RANGE RECOVERER and THOMAS G. THOMPSON during...

  17. Physical, chemical, and other data from bottle casts from the Coastal Waters of Washington/Oregon from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON as part of the International Decade of Ocean Exploration / Coastal Upwelling Ecosystems Analysis (IDOE/CUEA) from 11 July 1973 to 21 July 1973 (NODC Accession 7601145)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Physical, chemical, and other data were collected from bottle casts in the Coastal Waters of Washington/Oregon from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON from 11 July 1973 to 21...

  18. Temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the North Pacific Ocean and Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument from 1985-03-30 to 1985-04-30 (NCEI Accession 0143395)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0143395 includes discrete sample and profile data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the North Pacific Ocean and Papahanaumokuakea Marine National...

  19. Dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the North Pacific Ocean from 2004-04-24 to 2004-06-01 (NODC Accession 0115590)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0115590 includes discrete sample and profile data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the North Pacific Ocean from 2004-04-24 to 2004-06-01. These...

  20. Dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using Alkalinity titrator, CTD and other instruments from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the North Pacific Ocean from 2008-08-26 to 2008-09-17 (NODC Accession 0108130)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0108130 includes biological, chemical, discrete sample, meteorological, physical and profile data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the North...

  1. Dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample and profile observations using CTD, bottle and other instruments from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the Bering Sea, North Pacific Ocean and South Pacific Ocean from 1993-07-05 to 1993-09-02 (NODC Accession 0115008)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115008 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical and profile data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the Bering Sea, North Pacific Ocean and...

  2. Biological, chemical and other data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN263 in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska, Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 2011-04-30 to 2011-05-21 (NODC Accession 0117409)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC accession 0117409 includes biological, chemical, optical and physical data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN263 in the Coastal Waters of...

  3. Oceanographic Station Data from meteorological sensors, CTD, and bottle casts from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON as part of the International Decade of Ocean Exploration / International Ocean Studies / First Dynamic Response and Kinematics Experiment in the Drake Passage (IDOE/ISOS/FDRAKE) from 06 February 1976 to 07 March 1976 (NODC Accession 7800191)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Oceanographic Station Data were collected from meteorological sensors, CTD, and bottle casts from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON from 06 February 1976 to 07 March 1976. Data...

  4. The Perception of Music Melody and Timbre in Adult Cochlear Implant Recipients%成人人工耳蜗植入者音乐旋律和音色感知研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘子夜; 章昊; 刘博; 亓贝尔; 王硕

    2013-01-01

    Objective To assess the music melody and timbre perception abilities of adults with cochlear implants. Methods Thirteen adult cochlear implant recipients and forty normal-hearing adults participated in this study. Munich music questionnaire(MUMU) and musical sounds in cochlear implant(Mu.S.I.C) were used to assess the music experience, melody and timbre perception for both normal-hearing adults and adult cochlear implant recipients. Results The age and music experience of normal-hearing subjects and cochlear implant subjects matched each other. The average scores of melody discrimination and instrument identification test for cochlear implant recipients were 69.3% and 51.2%,respectively.The average scores of melody discrimination and instrument identification for normal-hearing participants were 80.4% and 85.3%, respectively. The differences between the two groups were significant (P=0.000). Conclusion The adult cochlear implant recipients perform significantly poorer in melody and timbre perception in comparison with normal-hearing listeners.%目的:评价成人人工耳蜗植入者对音乐旋律及音色的感知能力。方法对13例人工耳蜗植入者(男8例,女5例,平均年龄26.5±6.9岁)分别进行音乐聆听行为评估和旋律辨别、乐器辨别测试。实验使用慕尼黑音乐经验问卷MUMU(Munich music questionnaire)和人工耳蜗音乐评估软件Mu.S.I.C (musical sounds in cochlear implant)进行评估。对照组为40例听力正常受试者(男21例,女19例,平均年龄26.8±6.7岁)。结果①人工耳蜗组与听力正常组的年龄及音乐经验相互匹配。②人工耳蜗组旋律辨别平均正确率为69.3%,乐器辨别平均正确率为51.2%;听力正常组旋律辨别平均正确率为80.4%,乐器辨别平均正确率为85.3%。两组比较,差异存在统计学意义(P=0.000)。结论成人人工耳蜗植入者的旋律感知能力和音色感知能力明显落后于听力正常者。

  5. Jay L. King, Joseph D. Huxman, and Orion D. Billeter Assist Pilot Milt Thompson into the M2-F2 Attac

    Science.gov (United States)

    1966-01-01

    NASA research pilot Milt Thompson is helped into the cockpit of the M2-F2 lifting body research aircraft at NASA's Flight Research Center (now the Dryden Flight Research Center). The M2-F2 is attached to a wing pylon under the wing of NASA's B-52 mothership. The flight was a captive flight with the pilot on-board. Milt Thompson flew in the lifting body throughout the flight, but it was never dropped from the mothership. NASA B-52, Tail Number 008, is an air launch carrier aircraft, 'mothership,' as well as a research aircraft platform that has been used on a variety of research projects. The aircraft, a 'B' model built in 1952 and first flown on June 11, 1955, is the oldest B-52 in flying status and has been used on some of the most significant research projects in aerospace history. Some of the significant projects supported by B-52 008 include the X-15, the lifting bodies, HiMAT (highly maneuverable aircraft technology), Pegasus, validation of parachute systems developed for the space shuttle program (solid-rocket-booster recovery system and the orbiter drag chute system), and the X-38. The B-52 served as the launch vehicle on 106 X-15 flights and flew a total of 159 captive-carry and launch missions in support of that program from June 1959 to October 1968. Information gained from the highly successful X-15 program contributed to the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo human spaceflight programs as well as space shuttle development. Between 1966 and 1975, the B-52 served as the launch aircraft for 127 of the 144 wingless lifting body flights. In the 1970s and 1980s, the B-52 was the launch aircraft for several aircraft at what is now the Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California, to study spin-stall, high-angle-of attack, and maneuvering characteristics. These included the 3/8-scale F-15/spin research vehicle (SRV), the HiMAT (Highly Maneuverable Aircraft Technology) research vehicle, and the DAST (drones for aerodynamic and structural testing). The aircraft

  6. Estimation of water requirements and Kc values of 'Thompson Seedless' table grapes grown in the overhead trellis system, using the Eddy covariance method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulina Villagra

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Crop evapotranspiration (ETc is essential for irrigation scheduling. The amount of water consumed can be estimated by multiplying the reference evapotranspiration (ET0 by a crop coefficient (Kc; the value of Kc is usually obtained from FAO Paper nr 56. In table grapes (Vitis vinifera L., Kc are obtained from experiments in vines trained on trellis systems; however in Chile, the most used is the overhead trellis system (parronal. Therefore, the objective was to determine water requirements and Kc values of a table grape orchard cv. Thompson Seedless trained on an overhead trellis system in Calle Larga (32°52'40" S, 70°37'45" W, 795 m a.s.l., Aconcagua Valley, Chile, using the Eddy covariance method. During the 2008/2009 and 2009/2010 seasons, the instruments required for ET0 and ETc measurement were installed on a 4 m tower above the soil (2 m above vine canopy. The ET0 was estimated according to the FAO Penman-Monteith equation and ETc by the Eddy covariance method. The Kc was obtained by ratio between ETc and ET0. The maximum ETc was 7 mm d-1 and total water consumption was 810 mm. The season maximum Kc value of 1.2 was obtained near harvest during the first season, and 20 d before veraison in the second season. The Kc increased linearly with the percentage of intercepted solar radiation (IRS by the vine canopy at noon, suggesting that an equation to convert the IRS to Kc is more useful than Kc tabulated according to phenology. The equation obtained in this experiment was Kc = 0.012 IRS - 0.1029, R² = 0.85.

  7. Overexpression of a stress-responsive U-box protein gene VaPUB affects the accumulation of resistance related proteins in Vitis vinifera 'Thompson Seedless'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiao, Li; Zhang, Yali; Lu, Jiang

    2017-03-01

    Many U-box proteins have been identified and characterized as important factors against environmental stresses such as chilling, heat, salinity and pathogen attack in plant. Our previous research reported the cloning of a novel U-box protein gene VaPUB from Vitis amurensis 'Zuoshanyi' grape and suggested a function of it in related to cold stress in the model plant Arabidopsis system. In this study, the role of VaPUB in response to biotic and abiotic stress was further analyzed in the homologous grapevine system by studying the transcript regulation and the protein accumulation in VaPUB transgenic vines. The expression analysis assay shown that VaPUB was significantly up-regulated 6 h after cold treatment and as early as 2 h post inoculation with Plasmopara viticola, a pathogen causing downy mildew disease in grapevine. Over-expressing VaPUB in V. Vinifera 'Thompson Seedless' affected the microstructure of leaves. The proteome assay shown that the accumulation of pathogenesis-related protein PR10 and many proteins involved in carbon and energy metabolism, oxidation reaction and protein metabolism were significantly altered in transgenic vines. In comparison with wild type plants, the expression level of PR10 family genes was significantly decreased in VaPUB transgenic vines under P. viticola treatment or cold stress. Results from this study showed that the U-box protein gene PUB quickly responded to both biotic stress and abiotic stress and significantly influenced the accumulation of resistance related proteins in grapevine. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.

  8. A History of Rhythm & Melody

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    One Chinese man’s decades-long passion for music and Africa by Liu Wei LIVING in the eastern port city of Tianjin,China,76-year-old Zhang Xiang is a history professor at Nankai University.Although officially retired for many years,he has never really stopped working. He spends his days attending Africa-related activities,shuttling between locations like Beijing,Tianjin and Hubei Province. He is also obsessed with music,writing songs that blend Chinese and African elements."I want to extend our two peoples’ friendship

  9. Tactile melodies in user interfaces

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veen, H.A.H.C. van; Erp, J.B.F. van

    2003-01-01

    The application of dynamic vibrotactile displays in user interfaces is still a rare situation. There are, however, several important advantages of using the sense of touch as an information channel, especially in relation to overloaded or unavailable visual and auditory channels. We propose here to

  10. Melody of Autumn (oil painting)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1997-01-01

    Perhaps because of the nature of a woman, I take great interest in painting flowers and plants. But the difference is I prefer instead of the blooming flowers the dry flowers surviving the blossom. The dry cockscomb, sunflower, lotus and the wild flowers whose names I don’t know can always remind me of past stories. In recent years, my dried flawers have been displayed at exhibitions both at home and abroad and won appraisal and the top prize at the 1995 Eighth National Arts Exhibition. Some works have been collected by the China Art Gallery and private collectors from Hang Kong, Singapore, Taiwan and Europe.

  11. Miodrag Vasiljević’s margin notes on Béla Bartók’s study Morphology of Serbo-Croatian vocal folk melodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Jelena

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The founder of modern Serbian ethnomusicology, collector of folk songs ethnomusicologist, and music pedagogue, Miodrag A. Vasiljević (1903–1963 was a younger contemporary of the famous Hungarian composer and ethnomusicologist Béla Bartók (1881–1945. Bartók was the author of the first synthetic study of Serbian and Croatian vocal folk traditions, which was also the first such study in English. During the same period and immediately after Bartók had completed his study, Miodrag Vasiljević, along with other pioneers of modern ethnomusicology in former Yugoslavia, started to research musical folklore on field at home. Bartók's study was published a year after Vasiljević's first book; by 1965 Vasiljević's other collections, studies and articles had been published (most of them in Yugoslavia, i.e. in Serbia. Independently of Bartók, yet almost simultaneously, Vasiljević had written down hundreds of melodies and studied some elements of Serbian and South Slavonic traditional culture: tonality, rhythm, melodic modes and terminology. This was in addition to his great work experience on field and his empirical insight into the fundamental characteristics of musical folklore in this area,. The final result that he wished for, but unfortunately, did not manage to complete, was a synthetic study of Serbian and South Slavonic musical folklore. Vasiljević's margin notes, handwritten comments on Bartók's findings, published here for the first time, are considered to be a source of information about his attitude towards Bartók's assumptions and explanations, as well as showing the results of Vasiljević's own work, and the ambit of his study focus. Bartók's and Vasiljević's primary motives in their approach to South Slavonic traditional music were different. While Bartók was interested in features of South Slavonic tradition, so that he could note the particular features of the Hungarian music heritage more clearly, Vasiljević studied the

  12. Thompson and Thompson genetics in medicine. Fourth edition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thompson, M.

    1986-01-01

    This book provides coverage of the basic principles and clinical role of genetics. It also emphasizes new developments in molecular genetics as applied to medicine and features expanded coverage of pre-natal issues, recombinant DNA, gene mapping - plus new information on genetically based clinical syndromes such as ''Fragile X Syndrome,'' a common cause of mental retardation.

  13. Hipóteses e interpretação experimental: a conjetura de poincaré e a descoberta da hiperfosforescência por Becquerel e Thompson Hypothesis and experimental interpretation: Poincaré's conjecture and the discovery of hyperphosphorescence by Becquerel and Thompson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto de Andrade Martins

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho descreve as pesquisas realizadas por Henri Becquerel e por Silvanus Thompson, em 1897, que são normalmente descritas como representando a descoberta da radioatividade. No entanto, o estudo histórico detalhado desse episódio mostra que os pesquisadores em questão tinham uma interpretação sobre os fenômenos que estudaram muito diferente da atual. Sua interpretação, segundo a qual haviam descoberto a "hiperfosforescência", baseava-se nos pressupostos que guiaram seus experimentos - como a conjetura de Henri Poincaré, de que havia uma relação entre a emissão de raios X em um tubo de Crookes e a luminescência do vidro. Este estudo de caso mostra como a observação científica é guiada por idéias pré-existentes, e quão difícil é interpretar os fenômenos observados. Este exemplo histórico pode ser utilizado no ensino, para apresentar uma visão mais adequada do que a ordinária, a respeito do próprio processo de pesquisa experimental.This work describes the research developed by Henri Becquerel and Silvanus Thompson, in 1897, that are usually described as the discovery of radioactivity. However, the detailed historical scrutiny of this episode shows that those researchers had an interpretation of the phenomena they studied that was widely different from the one accepted nowadays. Their interpretation that they had discovered a phenomenon called "hyperphosphorescence" was grounded upon the presuppositions which guided their experiments - such as Henri Poincaré's conjecture that there was a relation between the emission of X rays by a Crookes tube, and the luminescence of its glass. This case study shows how scientific observation is guided by preexisting ideas, and how difficult it is to interpret the observed phenomena. This historical example can be used in teaching, to present a view on the process of experimental research, that is more adequate that the ordinary one.

  14. 从音乐本体和结构看《紫竹调》与《燕燕做媒》%On"Purple Bamboo melody"and"Yan Yan matchmaking”from the music ontology and structure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雷; 于伟洁

    2014-01-01

    "Purple Bamboo melody"is the folk ditty in Jiangnan area, also belongs to the minor love, there are many versions, as the basic tunes and popular tunes for the Shanghai local opera. As Jiangsu folk songs, its musical elements and structure form was absorbed by"Yan Yan matchmaker".%既是江南地区的民歌小曲,也属爱情小调的《紫竹调》,在各地有众多版本,作为基本曲牌和常用曲调为上海地方戏沪剧以及滑稽戏所用。作为江苏民歌,它的音乐元素和结构形式被沪剧《罗汉钱》选段《燕燕做媒》所吸取。

  15. Application of Metacognitive Strategy in Melody Dictation in Classroom Teaching%元认知策略在旋律听写课堂教学中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李茂芳

    2012-01-01

    Metacognitive Strategy plays an important role in solfeggio learning.Based on teaching practice,the paper discusses the application of metacognitive strategy through specific examples in melody dictation from the perspectives of pre-listening,actual-listening and post-listening strategies.%元认知策略在视唱练耳学习中具有重要的作用。结合教学实践和具体实例,通过听前策略、听中策略和听后策略三个方面来阐述元认知策略在视唱练耳旋律听写课堂教学中的应用。

  16. The melody of the aira Song to the Moon%咏叹调《月亮颂》的音乐语言分析及演唱版本比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓炳

    2012-01-01

    This article is focus on the melody of the aira Song to the Moon,and by analysing its musical form structure and the piano accompaniment,to enhance the understanding and the feelings about the aria. On this basis, my singing version of the selecting three prominent singers, from the comparison of its speed, enunciation, singing (volume control), starting with timbre, analysis of their singing of commonness and individuality of expression.%研究咏叹调《月亮颂》的音乐旋律,分析其曲式结构和钢琴伴奏,并选取三位著名歌唱家的演唱版本,比较其演唱处理的共性与个性,增加对于作品的理解,为声乐学习者演唱风格的形成提供参考。

  17. An Empirical Method for Comparing Pitch Patterns in Spoken and Musical Melodies: A Comment on J.G.S. Pearl's "Eavesdropping with a Master: Leos Janáček and the Music of Speech."

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aniruddh D. Patel

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Music and speech both feature structured melodic patterns, yet these patterns are rarely compared using empirical methods. One reason for this has been a lack of tools which allow quantitative comparisons of spoken and musical pitch sequences. Recently, a new model of speech intonation perception has been proposed based on principles of pitch perception in speech. The “prosogram” model converts a sentence's fundamental frequency contour into a sequence of discrete tones and glides. This sequence is meant to represent a listener's perception of pitch in connected speech. This article briefly describes the prosogram and suggests a few ways in which it can be used to compare the structure of spoken and musical melodies.

  18. Haminoea cyanomarginata (Heller & Thompson, 1983)

    OpenAIRE

    Ketabi, Ramin; Jamili, Shahla

    2016-01-01

    Haminoea cyanomarginata is found in the coral rubble in shallow waters, while in the Persian Gulf it is usually seen at night, between 2-5 in of depth, on rocky surfaces covered with algae. We report for the first time from Persian Gulf (Kish Island, Iran). Maximum length is 5 mm in Persian Gulf. We can observe H. cyanomarginata only 2-3 days in March in each year in Kish Island (Iranian Waters). It has a number of distinctive color features, the most prominent being the purple edge to the p...

  19. Comparing field-based and numerically modelled reconstructions of the last Cordilleran Ice Sheet deglaciation over the Thompson Plateau, southern interior British Columbia, Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cripps, Jonathan; Brennand, Tracy; Seguinot, Julien; Perkins, Andrew

    2016-04-01

    Palaeoglaciological and palaeoclimate reconstructions of the deglaciation of the last Cordilleran Ice Sheet (CIS) over British Columbia (BC), Canada, are limited by the relative lack of understanding of the late-glacial ice sheet margins and dynamics. Deglaciation of the last CIS over the southern Interior Plateau of BC has been characterised as proceeding via stagnation and downwasting into dead ice lobes in valleys where ice was thickest. This conceptual model explains the apparent lack of moraines, which may otherwise imply active recession, and known palaeo-glacial lakes are explained as being dammed by these dead ice lobes. However, downwasting alone is at odds with coeval ice sheets which receded systematically towards their interiors. Presented here is a comparison between a new field-based reconstruction of the deglaciation of the northern Thompson Plateau, and ice sheet model results of the same area. Glacioisostatic tilts, reconstructed using mapped shoreline elevations, rise to the north-northwest at around 1.8 m/km, implying an ice surface slope, and likely active recession, towards the Coast Mountains. New reconstructions of the stages of glacial Lake Nicola (gLN), utilising field and aerial photographic mapping of shorelines, and sedimentology and geophysical surveys on ice-marginal and glaciolacustrine landforms, largely support this interpretation; the lake expanded and lowered to the north-northwest as progressively lower outlets were opened during ice retreat in this direction. Fields of newly discovered glaciotectonised moraines, grounding-line deposits and overridden glacial lake sediments record ice margin oscillations and minor readvances within gLN; the general alignment of these features further supports recession to the north-northwest. Numerical simulations of deglaciation of the area results in ice retreat to the north-northeast, which is inconsistent with the north-north-westward evolution of gLN. Excess precipitation over the eastern

  20. Producción de ácido indol-3-acético por Pseudomonas veronii R4 y formación de raíces en hojas de vid “Thompson seedless” in vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María F. Peñafiel-Jaramillo

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Rizobacterias con actividad antagonista son empleadas a problemas patológicos y promueven el desarrollo de tejido radicular de especies vegetales El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar la capacidad en síntesis de ácido indol-3-acetico (AIA y la formación de raíces en hojas de vid “Thompson Seedless”, por el empleo de Pseudomonas veronii R4 in vitro. La bacteria, fue incubada en medio mínimo M9 y se verificó la producción de AIA a 24, 48 y 72 h de muestreo, los sobrenadantes fueron analizandos por HPLC. Peciolos de hojas de “Thompson Seedless” fueron sumergidos por 5 min, en el tampón PBS con P. veronii R4 a (1.5 x 109 células mL-1, y evaluados a los 32 días post-inoculación. Los tratamientos fueron sujetos al análisis de varianza por DCA. Los sobrenadantes muestreados a 72 h, del cultivo de líquido con P. veronii R4, se obtuvo los mayores niveles de AIA entre 0.0231 a 0.0245 mM, al emplear 5 a 10 mM del precursor L-triptofano, del sobrenadante obtenido de P. fluorescens CHA0 la producción de AIA con 0.0174 mM a 10 mM de L-triptofano. Se obtuvo la regeneración del sistema radicular en los peciolos de hojas de “Thompson Seedless”, con un promedio de 14 raíces/planta bajo la aplicación de P. veronii R4. Estos resultados preliminares realzan la importancia de la cepa nativa P. veronii R4, que se estaría proyectando para futuras investigaciones de su empleo en condición de invernadero al desarrollo del sistema radicular en “Thompson Seedless”.

  1. Experiência e Dialética Histórica: sua operação nas pesquisas de E. P. Thompson sobre os motins de fome na Inglaterra do século XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Minella

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1806-5023.2012v9n2p62 Este trabalho investiga o conceito de experiência e sua operação em Edward Thompson. A crítica do historiador inglês a Louis Althusser, desenvolvida no livro A Miséria da Teoria (1978, que trata do termo em questão é retomada para estabelecermos a posição teórica que ele ocupa na obra de Thompson, como termo de diálogo entre as categorias e modelos, de um lado, e a investigação das fontes, do outro. Após isso, procuramos estudar o modo como este conceito opera na investigação contida em A Economia Moral da Multidão Inglesa do Século XVIII, apontando sua importância fundamental para uma crítica histórica da “economia de mercado”. Palavras-chave: Experiência. Modelos históricos. Economia moral.

  2. Horvitz-Thompson Estimation of Population Parameter on Web Survey based on the Propensity Score Weighting%基于倾向值加权的网络调查总体参数Horvitz-Thompson估计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛成英; 孙秋碧

    2015-01-01

    基于倾向值加权方法,构造了网络调查总体参数的 Horvitz‐Thompson无偏估计量,并对其方差进行了讨论,分析了利用插补缺失数据后的网络调查样本进行总体参数估计的方差来源,在网络调查总体参数估计方面提出了新的思路和方法。%Based on the propensity score weighting method ,this paper constructs a Horvitz‐Thompson estimator of the web survey population parameters which is an unbiased estimator ,discusses the variance of Horvitz‐Thompson estimator ,analyzes the sources of variance of the population parameters estimator by using the complete sample which is imputed missing data of non‐response unit in the web survey .We have put forward new theory and method in the aspect of parameter estimation of web‐based survey .

  3. Efeito do ácido giberélico, do bioestimulante crop set e do anelamento na produção e na qualidade da uva 'Thompson Seedless' no Vale do São Francisco Effect of gibberellic acid, girdling and the biostimulant crop set on yield and quality of bunches in grapes cv. Thompson Seedless in the São Francisco Valley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricía Coelho de Souza Leão

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos do ácido giberélico, do bioestimulante Crop Set e do anelamento sobre o aumento do tamanho de bagas e a produtividade da uva 'Thompson Seedless' no Vale do São Francisco. O experimento foi conduzido durante dois ciclos de produção (2001 e 2002, no Campo Experimental de Bebedouro, pertencente à Embrapa Semi-Árido, em Petrolina-PE. Utilizou-se do delineamento experimental de blocos ao acaso, com 12 tratamentos e 3 repetições. Os tratamentos corresponderam à aplicação de ácido giberélico em cinco fases de desenvolvimento da videira, nas doses de 10 + 15 + 15 +50 + 50 mg.L-1, do bioestimulante Crop Set em duas doses de 0,1 e 0,2% e do anelamento no caule, isolados e combinados entre si. Os tratamentos combinados de anelamento + ácido giberélico e anelamento + ácido giberélico + Crop Set destacaram-se como aqueles que promoveram os maiores peso e tamanho de cachos e de bagas, com diferenças significativas em relação à testemunha. Entretanto, o anelamento não cicatrizou completamente, causando a morte de plantas, recomendando-se cautela na sua realização. Apesar de não se observar efeito significativo dos tratamentos sobre a produtividade, pode-se notar um aumento de 63% para o tratamento anelamento + ácido giberélico em relação ao ciclo de produção de 2001.The present research was aimed to evaluate the effects of the gibberellic acid, the biostimulant Crop-Set and girdling applied during bloom and post-bloom stage to improve yield and berry size of the grape cv. Thompson Seedless in the São Francisco River Valley, Northeast of Brazil. The trial was carried out throughout two growing seasons (2001 and 2002 in the Bebedouro Experimental Station, Embrapa Semi-Árido, Petrolina, PE. The trial was laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replicates, each replicate consisting of a four-tree plot. The treatments were: gibberellic acid aplied during five

  4. Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample, profile and underway - surface observations using CTD, Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer and other instruments from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the Coastal Waters of SE Alaska, Gulf of Alaska and North Pacific Ocean from 1993-05-15 to 1993-06-26 (NODC Accession 0115172)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115172 includes chemical, discrete sample, meteorological, physical, profile and underway - surface data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the...

  5. Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample, profile and underway - surface observations using CTD, Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer and other instruments from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the Bismarck Sea, North Pacific Ocean and South Pacific Ocean from 1993-10-05 to 1993-11-10 (NODC Accession 0115019)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0115019 includes chemical, discrete sample, meteorological, physical, profile and underway - surface data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the...

  6. Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, dissolved inorganic carbon, pH, alkalinity, temperature, salinity and other variables collected from discrete sample, profile and underway - surface observations using Alkalinity titrator, CTD and other instruments from the THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the Gulf of Alaska, North Pacific Ocean and South Pacific Ocean from 2006-02-13 to 2006-03-30 (NODC Accession 0108062)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0108062 includes chemical, discrete sample, physical, profile and underway - surface data collected from THOMAS G. THOMPSON in the Gulf of Alaska,...

  7. The engineering sizing of the packed desorption column of hydrogen isotopes from Pb–17Li eutectic alloy. A rate based model using experimental mass transfer coefficients from a Melodie loop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linek, V., E-mail: linekv@vscht.cz [Prague Institute of Chemical Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, CZ-166 28 Prague 6 (Czech Republic); Košek, L. [Research Centre Řež, CZ-250 68 Husinec-Řež (Czech Republic); Moucha, T.; Rejl, F.J.; Kordač, M.; Valenz, L.; Opletal, M. [Prague Institute of Chemical Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, CZ-166 28 Prague 6 (Czech Republic)

    2014-11-15

    Highlights: • The model of hydrogen isotopes desorption from lead lithium alloy in packed column is presented. • Mass transfer coefficient k{sub L}a are evaluated from Alpy's Melodie loop experiments. • Packing height and efficiency of packed columns in DEMO plant for DCLL and HCLL are evaluated. • Effects of liquid phase axial dispersion, surface tension and wettability of packing are evaluated. • Effect of flow rate of the purge gas on packing height and desorption efficiency is evaluated. - Abstract: The model of the desorption of hydrogen isotopes from lead lithium alloy in a packed column is derived from the first principles using the plug flow in the liquid phase either the plug flow or ideal mixing in the gas phases. Sievert's law of non-linear equilibrium is followed. The volumetric mass transfer coefficient k{sub L}a and its dependence on the liquid metal flow rate are evaluated on the basis of the Melodie loop experiments. The presented model is used for evaluation of the minimum flow rate of the purge gas for which the concentration of the isotope in the gas leaving the column is at its highest, while the driving force of the interfacial transport of the isotope is still not reduced and the tritium desorption efficiency is therefore retained. The potential effect of the axial dispersion in the gas and liquid phase is evaluated. Highlighted are the issues of the optimum packing geometric surface area, above which the efficiency starts to decrease, and of the role of the surface tension and the contact angle with regard to the wettability of the packing. On the basis of the findings related to these factors, the Mellapak 500 Y and Mellapak packings with flat surfaces are recommended for the tests aiming to intensify the tritium desorption efficiency in the packed columns. The models were used for the engineering sizing of the packed columns in two breeding blanket concepts for the DEMO plant – utilizing DCLL (dual coolant lead lithium

  8. 论西部民族音乐“花儿”的旋律审美特征%On the Aesthetic Characteristics of the Western Music "Hua'er" in Melody

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何永伟

    2012-01-01

    “花儿”音乐是西北高原上的艺术奇葩,也是回、汉、土、东乡、撒拉、保安等各民族劳动人民的心声,各民族人民将最美好的乐音有机地整合成优美的“花儿”旋律,以表达人们的思想与生活。“花儿”音乐有音乐性、主题性、完整性、技巧性,这门艺术已经深入到人们灵魂的深处,是一种极其深刻的审美活动,因而,“花儿”旋律审美也成为一个美学的重要问题之一。%"Hua'er" music is a wonderful work of art and it is also the voice ot many emmcs m me working people in China, which is a special kind of music form used to express the people' mind and life, includ- ing the Hui nationality, Han nationality, Turkish and other nationalitis. "Hua'er" music has many distinc- tive characteristics and has already imerged into people's soul. It's an aesthetical activity and the beautiful melody of "Hua'er" is also a branch of aesthetics.

  9. A Comparative Study of Two English Versions Of Su Shi's "Prelude to Water Melody"%关于苏轼《水调歌头》英译译文的对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖玲

    2002-01-01

    本文通过比较的方法,讨论了中国古诗原诗与英文译诗之间语音形式统一的问题.本文分析与比较了苏轼的两篇译文:一篇为John A.Turner的自由体译文.另一篇为许渊冲的韵诗体译文.通过比较分析,许译能从语音形式上再现原作艺术风格.%This research paper attempts to find the answer to the question of how an English version of Chinese Classical poem embodiesthe style of the orginal poetic work by using proper phonetic forms. The paper gives the answer by comparing two English versions of Su Shi's "Prelude to Water Melody"from phonetic aspect,one by John. A. Tumer,which is the representation of the free verse,the other by Xu Yuanzhong,which is the representation of rhyme verse. From the comparative study,Xu's version could reappear the style and artistic concepton in phonetic form.

  10. The Comparison Between Xi Linchun's Prelude to Water Melody and Li Qingzhao's Wu Lingchun%李清照《武陵春》与西林春《水调歌头》之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佘军; 马婧伟

    2014-01-01

    李清照的《武陵春》与西林春的《水调歌头》都是对亡夫以及过往岁月的怀念之作。二词相似性的主题是二人相似性命运的反映,她们都经历过婚姻的美满与破灭、山河沦落的动荡、独自生活的艰难。特别是“婚姻”的不幸对二位词人的人生、诗词创作具有重要的影响。%The content of Li Qingzhao's Wu Lingchun and Xi Linchun's Prelude to Water Melody were the same:missing late husband and the past years.The similar theme of the two Song Poems reflected their similar fate.They both had been in a happy marriage and burst.They experienced the social turbulence and the hardship of living alone.Unfortunate marriage life had important influence on their poetry creation.

  11. Emotional Music and Cantabile Melody --Features of Impromptus of Schubert Piano Music%意到笔随 琴韵如歌——舒伯特钢琴即兴曲音乐特征探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林葳蕤

    2012-01-01

    Schubert was known as the King of Songs, who made an important contribution to the development of piano art, and created many idyllic piano character pieces. Impromptus of Schubert piano can be regarded as the earliest spec- imens of Romantic piano character pieces, which reflected the unique personality and style from Schubert. This paper be- gins with the creation background of Schubert's Impromptu, and the creative techniques such as melody, rhythm, harmo- ny, musical form were analyzed. The creative talent of the composer's melodic talent and harmony techniques were showed vividly thoroughly.%舒伯特被称为"歌曲之王",对钢琴艺术的发展也做出了重要的贡献,创作了许多富有诗情画意和浓郁生活的钢琴特性小品。舒伯特钢琴即兴曲可算是浪漫主义钢琴特性小品最早的"标本",集中表现了舒伯特创作的独特个性与风格。本文从舒伯特即兴曲的创作背景入手,对作品的旋律、节奏、和声、曲式等创作技法进行了分析,将作曲家的旋律天赋及和声技法上的创作才华展现得淋漓尽致。

  12. 概念隐喻视角解读苏轼《水调歌头·明月几时有》%Interpretation of Su Shi’ sPrelude to Water Melody in Perspective of Conceptual Metaphors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志鹏

    2014-01-01

    In the theory of conceptual metaphor, metaphor is a single mapping which belongs to two different categories or semantic domains. The projection between the source domain and the target domain change the semiotic surface of language into an abstract depth. Su Shi’ s classical work Prelude to Water Melody has been praised as a famous ode to the moon, and countless people have been touched by the sincere emotion of homesickness and the yearning for friendship. In addition, this prelude is full of Su Shi’s thoughts about life and the world. The theory of conceptual metaphor can restore the original connotation of Su Shi’ s poem.%概念隐喻理论认为,隐喻是分属两个不同范畴或语义域之间的单项映射,通过源域与目标域之间的投射,完成语符表层到抽象实质的深层次转化。苏轼的《水调歌头·明月几时有》历来被称赞为咏月佳作,无数人为其思乡怀人的真挚情感所动容。除此之外,该篇字里行间也饱含苏轼对人生、世界等的哲思,概念隐喻理论将全面还原苏轼创作的原貌。

  13. Fatty acid extraction of Thompson seedless raisin by different methods%不同方法提取无核白葡萄干中脂肪酸的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周小梅; 李园月; 吴广枫

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT:Objective To develop an effective method for the extraction of fatty acid in raisin. Methods Thompson seedless raisin was analyzed in this study, and its fatty acid composition and content were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Four extraction methods were adopted to extract the fatty acid in Thompson seedless-Sun dried raisins (TS-SD, soluble solids content is 84.69%). Results No category difference of fatty acid was detected between different methods. 16 kinds of fatty acids were determined in TS-SD, including 11 kinds of saturated fatty acids and 5 kinds of unsaturated fatty acids. When liquid-liquid extraction-methanol (LLE-M) was used as extraction method, the total content of saturated fatty acid (SFA), unsaturated fatty acid (UFA) and the fatty acid (FA) was found to be higher. Conclusion LLE-M method is an effective way to extract fatty acid in raisins, and this will contribute to the research of flavor in raisin.%目的:确立葡萄干中脂肪酸提取的有效方法。方法采用气相色谱质谱联用技术的方法,对无核白葡萄干中的脂肪酸进行了研究。采用4种提取方法,对自然晒干工艺制成的无核白葡萄干(可溶性固形物含量84.69%)进行脂肪酸种类和含量的研究。结果当采用不同提取方法时,检测到的葡萄干中的脂肪酸种类无差异,仅存在含量上的差别。无核白葡萄干中共鉴定出16种脂肪酸,其中饱和脂肪酸11种,不饱和脂肪酸5种。当采用液液萃取-甲醇辅助提取方法提取葡萄干中脂肪酸时,不饱和脂肪酸总含量、饱和脂肪酸总含量以及脂肪酸总含量均优于其他方法提取出的脂肪酸含量。结论液液萃取-甲醇辅助提取方法是提取葡萄干中脂肪酸的有效方法,这为葡萄干中风味物质研究打下基础。

  14. De Las Vegas a Marina D'or. O como llegar desde el New Jornalism norteamericano de Hunter S. Thompson hasta la nueva narrativa española de Robert Juan-Cantavella

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Angulo Egea

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The north-american trend called 'New Journalism' born in the 60's, was a revolution for the USA traditional Journalism, for its use of literary elements with other ones that belong to the journalistic research. Hunter S. Thompson, author of Fear and loathing in Las Vegas (1971, with his gonzo style, was going to shed new light on the New Journalism proposals, improving the immersión process using drugs until he gets implied personally in his reports and taking all his narrative influences from the 50's beat movement. Almost 35 years later, in El Dorado, Juan-Cantavella makes a paralellism between Las Vegas and the holiday city in the mediterranean coast, Marina D'Or and he develops in this space a novel, where his alter ego, the punk journalist Escargot, plays the lead. Novel, journalism, gonzo, fiction, story, punk, essay, report, 'aportaje', discursive fragmentation, dialogs, internal monologues, descriptions, memorandums, telegrams, emails, press releases, radio news, songs, slogans, all fits to reenact genres, to re-read journalistic and literary traditions and to build something new. This work analyses this process, that goes from the gonzo journalism of Fear and loathing in Las Vegas to the current Spanish narrative of El Dorado. It tries to distinguish the literary resources that the gonzo journalist uses to build his reports and the journalistic tools that nourish Juan-Cantavella's 'punk narrative'. A particular example of literary-journalistic symbiosisLa corriente norteamericana llamada 'Nuevo periodismo', nacida en los años sesenta, supuso para la Periodística tradicional de Estados Unidos toda una revolución por la combinación de elementos literarios con otros propios de la investigación periodística. Hunter S. Thompson, autor de Miedo y asco en las Vegas (1971, con su periodismo gonzo, le iba a dar una vuelta más a la propuesta del New Journalism, llevando al extremo el proceso de inmersión, hasta implicarse personalmente

  15. Las ambigüedades de la "historia desde abajo" de E.P. Thompson: las herramientas del historiador entre la forma, el compromiso político y las disposiciones sociales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALEJANDRO ESTRELLA GONZÁLEZ

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se realiza una crítica formal y sociológica del modelo teórico de la "historia desde abajo" en los términos en los que fue aplicado y sistematizado por E. P. Thompson. Entendido como un ejercicio de reflexividad sobre los productos de la historia social, se persiguen los siguientes objetivos. Primero, cuestionar la identificación de la "historia desde abajo", con una temática historiográfica específica para mostrar que, en tanto que modelo teórico, su aplicabilidad trasciende su contexto de producción y puede operar en diferentes proyectos de investigación. Segundo, se pretende criticar el grado de autonomía de dicho modelo teórico, señalando los contenidos del mismo que, aun habiendo sido sometidos a un proceso de formalización, todavía se refieren a lógicas exógenas al campo intelectual, en concreto, a los compromisos políticos adquiridos por el historiador y a las disposiciones sociales por éste incorporadas. Para valorar esta ambigüedad esencial al modelo de la "historia desde abajo", reconstruí los diferentes filtros y mediaciones a través de los cuales dicho modelo se dota de una polifonía que le permite hablar simultáneamente varios discursos.

  16. Some structural determinants of melody recall.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boltz, M

    1991-05-01

    Sophisticated musicians were asked to recall, using musical notation, a set of unfamiliar folk tunes that varied in rhythmic structure and referents of tonality. The results showed that memory was facilitated by tonic triad members marking phrase endings, but only when their presence was highlighted by a corresponding pattern of temporal accents. Conversely, recall significantly declined when tonal information was either absent or obscured by rhythmic structure. Error analyses further revealed that the retention of overall pitch contour and information at phrase ending points varied as a function of these manipulations. The results are discussed in terms of a framework that links the acts of perceiving and remembering to a common attentional scheme.

  17. 丁当The Voice of Melody

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    抹茶团子

    2012-01-01

    虽然没有高挑的身材,但是丁当的声音却有着强大的爆发力,从清澈到浓郁,好像在她的诠释下就是那么地自然而不矫揉造作。5月1日即将在上海梅赛德斯奔驰文化中心开唱的她,也将带来一个与以往完全不同的闪耀歌姬。

  18. 无限温暖的Melody

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    造成轰动的上海行E:这次是在上海的第一次演出,成员们的心情怎么样呢?圣圭:首先,这是我们第一次到访上海,很开心。特别是因为能和上海的Inspirit见面就更开心了!因为也是第一次站上上海的舞台,所蹦艮兴奋,也有点激动,要是能快点站上舞台就好了(采访时是演唱会当天下午)。很想和粉丝们见面、互动啊!

  19. Living Melodies - Coevolution Of Sonic Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahlstedt, Palle; Nordahl, Mats G.

    2001-01-01

    The authors have constructed an artificial world of coevolving communicating agents. The behavior of the agents is described in terms of a simple genetic programming framework, which allows the evolution of foraging behavior and movement in order to reproduce, as well as sonic communication. The ....... The sound of the entire world is used as musical raw material for the work. Musically interesting and useful structures are found to emerge....

  20. A Study on Melody Tempo with EEG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan Yuan; Yong-Xiu Lai; Dan Wu; De-Zhong Yao

    2009-01-01

    In this paper,tempo perception is investi-gated by recording spontaneous electroencephalograph (EEG).Ten normal male non-musician college students are selected according to questionnaire results after listening absorbedly to four different tempos of an excerpt from a Mozart sonata.EEGs data are recorded when the subjects are listening to the music.The EEG spectral power (SP) is analyzed for alpha band.The varying trend of power spectrum during exposure to music excerpts of different tempos is studied and shows the consistence with the previous tempo-specific hypo-thesis:a tempo-transformed performance will sound less natural than an original performance does.The results presented in this paper suggest that tempo is an important factor that could influence the alpha rhythm.

  1. "Like Melody or Witchcraft": Empowerment through Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Deborah A.

    2004-01-01

    This document, written by a Native American woman, examines the authors' personal feelings of writing about being a child of color in a white world. The author hopes to evoke a resonance within her readers through her writing. She discusses quotes from two of her favorite poets, Emily Dickinson and Linda Hogan.

  2. Developing networks play a similar melody.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Ari, Y

    2001-06-01

    During development, when synapses start to be established, a primitive form of network-driven activity provides most of the synaptic activity. This pattern enables a high degree of synchrony in immature neurons in spite of the small number of functional synapses and could participate in activity-dependent growth and synapse formation. Relying on the giant depolarizing potentials that provide most of the synaptic activity in the developing hippocampus, this article reviews the common properties and generating mechanisms of these patterns, and particularly the role of the early depolarizing action of GABA(A) and glycine receptors and the sequential expression of GABA and glutamate synapses. Patterns similar to giant depolarizing potentials have been observed in a wide range of structures and species suggesting that there is a temporal template throughout evolution that constitutes an essential step in the formation of functional networks.

  3. Developing networks play a similar melody.

    OpenAIRE

    Ben-Ari, Yehezkel

    2001-01-01

    International audience; During development, when synapses start to be established, a primitive form of network-driven activity provides most of the synaptic activity. This pattern enables a high degree of synchrony in immature neurons in spite of the small number of functional synapses and could participate in activity-dependent growth and synapse formation. Relying on the giant depolarizing potentials that provide most of the synaptic activity in the developing hippocampus, this article revi...

  4. Foreign Language Acquisition and Melody Singing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mora, Carmen Fonseca

    2000-01-01

    Considers the value of relating music and language in the English-as-Foreign-Language (EFL) classroom. This "melodic" approach is based on evidence that musicality of speech has an effect not only on the pronunciation skills of EFL students but also their entire acquisition process. (Author/VWL)

  5. Listening to Whispered Voices and Heart Melodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Andrea

    2006-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about her teaching approach which is from a transactional/ constructivist perspective, embracing both the work of Dewey and Vygotsky. She believes that learning is imbedded in social interaction as part of a sociocultural process that begins at birth. Learning does not occur in isolation, but within a network of…

  6. "Like Melody or Witchcraft": Empowerment through Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Deborah A.

    2004-01-01

    This document, written by a Native American woman, examines the authors' personal feelings of writing about being a child of color in a white world. The author hopes to evoke a resonance within her readers through her writing. She discusses quotes from two of her favorite poets, Emily Dickinson and Linda Hogan.

  7. Knox-Thompson images of 4 Vesta

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drummond, J. D.; Hege, E. K.; Eckart, A.

    1987-01-01

    Reconstructed images of the asteroid 4 Vesta reveal dark and bright patterns which can be followed across the disk as the asteroid rotates. Reasonable agreement is found with its visible light curve by assigning relative albedo 0 to the three darkest features, and relative albedo 2 to the three brightest features. From power-spectrum analysis of sets of images at two different epochs, Vesta's triaxial principal diameters, the orientation of its pole, and its rotational rate and sense are obtained. The images confirm the dominant role of surface structure, particularly the dark spots, in determining Vesta's light-curve signature.

  8. Thompson's Margaret Thatcher illusion: when inversion fails.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rakover, S S

    1999-01-01

    It is argued that the whole face is more dominant than the individual features. In the case of a jumbled face the external pattern is dominant when a face is upright, whereas the internal pattern is dominant when a face is inverted.

  9. Letra, melodia, arranjo: componentes em tensão em O morro não tem vez de Antonio Carlos Jobim e Vinícius de Moraes Lyrics, melody, arrangement: elements in tension in Favela by Antonio Carlos Jobim and Vinícius de Moraes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvio Augusto Merhy

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O registro fonográfico tornou mais fácil pensar uma produção musical como documento, não apenas como objeto de apreciação estética. A gravação de canções populares permite prontamente decompor, recompor, analisar, destacar partes e pensá-las como objeto pertencente a uma rede social de amplitudes quase infinitas. Ocasionalmente, o modo como se combinam letra, melodia e arranjo faz brotar questões sobre a classificação dos gêneros. O arranjo musical, suporte sonoro da canção, pode colocar em tensão a combinação letra e música e até mesmo deslocar o sentido do conjunto. Algumas das gravações de O morro não tem vez de Tom Jobim e Vinícius de Moraes revelam contrastes e tensões que tornam uma questão permanente o que se classificou como Bossa Nova.Records have made easier to think over a musical issue as a document, not exclusively as an aesthetic object. Through song recordings it is possible to decompose, recompose, analyze, extract components, etc., and most of all consider them as belonging to a vast social net. Putting together lyrics, melody and arrangement poses the question of classifying genres. Musical arrangements, as a kind of song frame, can break apart the former sense of the combination lyrics/melody. Some recordings of O morro não tem vez by Tom Jobim and Vinicius de Moraes disclose contradictions and tensions in what is called Bossa Nova and make it a permanent question.

  10. Acoustic Doppler current profiling from the JGOFS Arabian Sea cruises aboard the RV T.G. THOMPSON: TN043, January 8, 1995--February 4, 1995; TN044, February 8, 1995--February 25, 1995; TN045, March 14, 1995--April 10, 1995; TN046, April 14, 1995--April 29, 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flagg, C.N.; Kim, H.S.; Shi, Y.

    1995-09-01

    Acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) data from the R/V T.G. THOMPSON is part of the core data for the US JGOFS Arabian Sea project along with hydrographic and nutrient data. Seventeen cruises on the THOMPSON are scheduled to take place between September 1994 and January 1996. This is the second in a series of data reports covering the ADCP data from the Arabian Sea JGOFS cruises TNO43 through TNO46. ADCP data are being collected on all the JGOFS Arabian Sea cruises using an autonomous data acquisition system developed for ship-of-opportunity cruises. This system, referred to as the AutoADCP, makes it possible to collect the ADCP data without the constant monitoring usually necessary and assures constant data coverage and uniform data quality. This data report presents ADCP results from the second group of four JGOFS cruises, TNO43 through TNO46, concentrating on the data collection and processing methods. The ADCP data itself reside in a CODAS data base at Brookhaven National Laboratory and is generally available to JGOFS investigators through contact with the authors. The CODAS data base and associated ADCP processing software were developed over a number of years by Eric Firing and his group at the University of Hawaii. The CODAS software is shareware available for PC`s or Unix computers and is the single most widely used ADCP processing program for ship mounted units.

  11. On Melody and Poetry——an Analysis of the Inherent "Language" of Music in Wagner's Creative Theory%论旋律与诗歌——解析瓦格纳创作理论中音乐自身的“语言”元素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵青

    2012-01-01

    瓦格纳戏剧性的艺术风格是语言的描述力在歌剧音乐里的具体体现,他发现了音乐自身的"语言"元素,并且用音乐作品证明了音乐与语言所具有的要素是通用的,证明了如果使用这些要素可以使音乐达到戏剧性的效果。可以从语言与情感、音调语言和词字语言、旋律与诗歌即诗歌与旋律的合理关系三个方面来解析瓦格纳创作理论中音乐自身的语言问题。%Wagner's dramatic artistic style is the concrete embodiment of linguistic description in opera music who discovered the inherent language of music and proved that the elements in music and language can be communal and the music would get a dramatic effect if these elements are applied.This paper analyzes the inherent "language" of music in Wagner's creative theory from three aspects as that of language and sentiment,tonal language and pictographic language,and melody and poetry.

  12. 优美的旋律快乐的课堂--浅谈英文歌曲在小学英语教学中的运用%Beautiful Melody Happy Classroom:the Application of English Songs in Primary School English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈玥

    2014-01-01

    Songs can stimulate the students’central nervous system,produce good attention to emotion, can radiate the spirit, stir up intelligence activities and make students’cognitive empathy resonance in the psychological and emotional psychology, form a pleasant emotions, contributes to the stronger learning drive. English song has its unique charm, as long as teachers use properly, it will make classroom be full of passion,allow children to get interested in the beautiful melody, emotional resonance, the consolidation of knowledge, and ability to improve!%歌曲可以刺激学生的中枢神经,产生良好的专注情绪,可以焕发精神、激起智能活动,使学生的认知心理和情感心理产生移情共鸣,形成一种愉快的情感,促成较强的学习内驱力。英文歌曲有它独特的魅力,只要教师运用得当,它会让课堂充满激情,让孩子们在优美的旋律中得到兴趣的激发、情感的共鸣、知识的巩固、能力的提升!

  13. 十二金钗判词和《红楼梦曲》悲剧意蕴的五个层次%On Levels of Tragic Implications in Verdicts to“Twelve Beauties”and in Melody of A Dream of Red Mansions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王棋君

    2014-01-01

    文章就《红楼梦》十二金钗判词及《红楼梦曲》怎样将读者引入到悲剧意蕴的情境、读者的悲剧意识怎样产生等问题,结合第五回场景营造,从十二金钗判词的文本角度进行分析,来剖析其悲剧意蕴产生的过程。%A Dream of Red Mansions is one of the four Chinese famous classical literature and a successful trag-ic novel in which the verdicts to“Twelve Beauties”in Chapter Five of the book and the melody of A Dream of Red Mansions predict the tragic fate of the female characters in the story. The paper tends to analyze the pro-cess of the tragedy from the verdict language together with the scenes in the fifth chapter of the book.

  14. Summary of The Symposium on "Solidification Melody The Sculp- ture Invitational Exhibition in National Centre for The Performing Arts"%“凝固的旋律——国家大剧院雕塑邀请展”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    2011年12月19日,国家大剧院主办的“凝固的旋律——国家大剧院雕塑作品邀请展”隆重开幕。这是国内首个以表演艺术为主题的大型雕塑展览,展览题为“凝固的旋律”,旨在以雕塑的形式和载体演绎与之情理相通的音乐、舞蹈等表演艺术,给观众带来不一样的视觉体验。展览汇集了国内外112位艺术家的150件优秀作品,是对目前雕塑界表演艺术题材创作的一次较为全面的展示。展品除了一部分陈设在水下展厅,还首度在剧院公共空间里展示,2012年2月2日,国家大剧院组织“凝固的旋律——国家大剧院雕塑作品邀请展”专题研讨会%December 19,2011,the National Centre for the Performing Arts,sponsored by the "Solidification of the Melody-the sculpture of the National Centre for the Performing Arts Invitational Exhibition "opened.This is the first performing arts as the theme of the sculpture exhibition,the exhibition entitled "The solidification of the melody" to interpretation of the sense the same with music,dance and other performing arts to sculpture in the form and carrier,to bring the audience out of the ordinary visual experience.The exhibition brings together 150 outstanding works of 112 artists at domestic and abroad.It is the current about sculp- tor and performance art theme creation comprehensive display.Except for the part exhibits display in the Watertown hall,still one part exhibits displays in the theater public space.February 2,2012,the National Centre for the Performing Arts Organization ~Solidification Melody-the Sculpture Invitational Exhibition in National Centre for the Performing Arts" Symposium,invited well-known the sculptor,art critic and profes- sional representatives of the media sculpture exhibition itself, art exhibitions and collections of the National Centre for the Performing Arts,and indoor and outdoor space planning was discussed.

  15. 熟悉的旋律陌生的情感-吴地民间音乐融入校园的实践研究%Familiar Melody, Unfamiliar Emotion:The Practice and Research of Integrating Wu Folk Music into Music Teaching in Junior Middle Schools

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐颖

    2014-01-01

    The gentle, elegant, rich and colorful Wu folk music is both familiar and strange to contemporary junior middle school students. The inheritance of the excellent Wu culture lies in schools. The research of integrating Wu folk music into music teaching in junior middle school should start f rom seeking the teaching resources of local music. The study of the curriculum of Wu music needs to be strengthened, and the students are guided to have emotional resonance to the familiar melody in exchange and practice, so that the folk tune and songs of Wu dialect can be passed down from generation to generation, and the foundation of the Chinese nation and the essence of Wu culture can be preserved in globalization.%柔婉清雅又丰厚多姿的吴地民间音乐对于当代中学生来说既熟悉又陌生,优秀吴文化传承的根应该在学校,研究吴地民间音乐融入中学校园,要从挖掘地方音乐教学资源入手,加强吴地音乐的课程化研究,在交流与实践中引导学生在熟悉的旋律中引起亲切的情感共鸣,让吴方言的民间曲调、歌谣能代代传唱下去,在全球化过程中留下吴文化的精、气、神,留住民族的根。

  16. Anatomic reasons for the iatrogenic injury of deep branches of radial nerve in the Thompson approach in the proximal forearm and its countermeasures%前臂近中段Thompson入路中桡神经深支医源性损伤的解剖学因素及对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    单建林; 王崇伟; 任大江; 聂政

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨前臂近中段Thompson入路中容易发生桡神经深支损伤的解剖学因素并提出对策。方法教学用成人尸体标本48具,按照Thompson入路显露,观察前臂伸肌与桡神经深支及其肌支的位置关系;测量桡神经深支穿出旋后肌的位置距离桡侧腕短伸肌的横向距离;观察指伸肌和桡侧腕短伸肌在前臂近段的愈着情况,测量二者在肱桡关节线以远的愈着长度。结果指伸肌和桡侧腕短伸肌在前臂近段相愈着,愈着长度在肱桡关节以远(7.1±2.1)cm;桡神经深支在旋后肌下缘的穿出点与桡侧腕短伸肌尺侧缘的水平距离为(1.3±0.3) cm,与肱桡关节线距离为(6.1±1.8) cm。结论前臂近中段Thompson入路中容易发生桡神经深支损伤存在着解剖学因素,了解桡神经深支的解剖特点及其与前臂伸肌的位置关系可以避免桡神经深支损伤。%Objective To explore anatomic reasons for the iatrogenic injury of the deep branches of the radial nerve in the Thompson approach in the proximal forearm and propose countermeasures. Methods Forty-eight upper limbs from skeletally mature embalmed cadavers were studied. After Thompson approach was performed, the anatomic relationships of forearm extensor to the deep branches of radial nerve was observed. The transverse distance between the ulnar edge of the extensor carpi radialis brevis and the point where the deep branch of radial nerve exits from the supinator was measured, the fusing condition of the extensor digitorum communis with the extensor carpi radialis brevis at proximal forearm was observed, and the length of its fusion was measured. Results extensor digitorum communis and the extensor carpi radialis brevis fused at the proximal forearm, approximately(7.1±2.1)cm distally from the humeroradial joint. The transverse distance between the ulnar edge of the extensor carpi radialis brevis and the point where the deep branch of radial nerve exits

  17. Carbon dioxide, hydrographic, and chemical data obtained during the R/Vs Roger Revelle and Thomas Thompson repeat hydrography cruises in the Pacific Ocean: CLIVAR CO2 sections P16S-2005 (9 January - 19 February, 2005) and P16N-2006 (13 February - 30 March, 2006)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kozyr, Alex [Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center; Feely, R. A. [Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, Seattle, WA (United States); Sabine, C. L. [Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, Seattle, WA (United States); Millero, F. J. [University of Miami, Miami, FL (United States). Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science; Langdon, C. [University of Miami, Miami, FL (United States). Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science; Dickson, A. G. [Univ. of California, San Diego, CA (United States). Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Fine, R. A. [University of Miami, Miami, FL (United States). Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science; Bullister, J. L. [Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, NOAA, Seattle, WA (United States); Hansell, D. A. [University of Miami, Miami, FL (United States). Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science; Carlson, C. A. [Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States); Sloyan, B. M. [Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA (United States); McNichol, A. P. [Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA (United States); Key, R. M. [Princeton Univ., NJ (United States); Byrne, R. H. [Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States); Wanninkhof, R. [Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, NOAA, Miami, FL (United States)

    2009-05-01

    This report presents methods, and analytical and quality control procedures for salinity, oxygen, nutrients, total carbon dioxide (TCO2), total alkalinity (TALK), pH, discrete CO2 partial pressure (pCO2), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), radiocarbon, δ13C, and underway carbon measurements performed during the P16S-2005 (9 January - 19 February 2005) and P16N-2006 (13 February - 30 March, 2006) cruises in the Pacific Ocean. The research vessel (R/V) Roger Revelle departed Papeete, Tahiti, on January 9, 2005 for the Repeat Section P16S, nominally along 150°W, ending in Wellington, New Zealand, on February 19. During this cruise, samples were taken from 36 depths at 111 CTD stations between 16°S and 71°S. The Repeat Section P16N, nominally along 152°W, consisted of two legs. Leg 1 started on February 13, 2006 in Papeete, Tahiti, and finished on March 3, in Honolulu, Hawaii. The R/V Thomas G. Thompson departed Honolulu for Leg 2 on March 10, 2006 and arrived in Kodiak, Alaska, on March 30. During the P16N cruises, samples were taken from 34 or 36 depths at 84 stations between 17°S and 56.28°N. The research conducted on these cruises was part of a series of repeat hydrography sections jointly funded by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) as part of the Climate Variability Program (CLIVAR)/CO2 Repeat Hydrography Program. The P16S and P16N data sets are available free of charge as a numeric data package (NDP) from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC). The NDP consists of the oceanographic data files and this printed documentation, which describes the procedures and methods used to obtain the data.

  18. Musical melody and speech intonation: singing a different tune.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert J Zatorre

    Full Text Available Music and speech are often cited as characteristically human forms of communication. Both share the features of hierarchical structure, complex sound systems, and sensorimotor sequencing demands, and both are used to convey and influence emotions, among other functions [1]. Both music and speech also prominently use acoustical frequency modulations, perceived as variations in pitch, as part of their communicative repertoire. Given these similarities, and the fact that pitch perception and production involve the same peripheral transduction system (cochlea and the same production mechanism (vocal tract, it might be natural to assume that pitch processing in speech and music would also depend on the same underlying cognitive and neural mechanisms. In this essay we argue that the processing of pitch information differs significantly for speech and music; specifically, we suggest that there are two pitch-related processing systems, one for more coarse-grained, approximate analysis and one for more fine-grained accurate representation, and that the latter is unique to music. More broadly, this dissociation offers clues about the interface between sensory and motor systems, and highlights the idea that multiple processing streams are a ubiquitous feature of neuro-cognitive architectures.

  19. Unsettling Melodies: A Cognitive Approach to Incongruent Film Music.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Willemsen, Steven; Kiss, Miklós

    2013-01-01

    Incongruent film music is a soundtrack, either diegetic or non- diegetic, which expresses qualities that stand in contrast to the emotions evoked by the events seen. The present article aims at covering two interconnected areas; the first is comprised of a critical recapitulation of available theore

  20. What Kind of Knowledge Facilitates Memory of Melodies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oura, Yoko

    Melodic memory appears to be founded on building blocks that are memorized in terms of style-specific ordering rules, melodic prototypes, and memory strategies. Ordering rules concern musical form and construction, while melodic strategies involve sequences of several notes. This paper reports on research studies undertaken to test these concepts…

  1. Multicultural Music: Lyrics to Familiar Melodies and Authentic Songs. Elementary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Connie

    This teacher's guide, designed for use with elementary age students, contains units of study about eight countries, their inhabitants, customs, and nationally celebrated events with special emphasis on music and food traditions. Countries represented by the units in this guide include Australia, Canada, France, Japan, Kenya, Mexico, The…

  2. The Pied Piper: A Parasitic Beetle's Melodies Modulate Ant Behaviours.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Di Giulio

    Full Text Available Ants use various communication channels to regulate their social organisation. The main channel that drives almost all the ants' activities and behaviours is the chemical one, but it is long acknowledged that the acoustic channel also plays an important role. However, very little is known regarding exploitation of the acoustical channel by myrmecophile parasites to infiltrate the ant society. Among social parasites, the ant nest beetles (Paussus are obligate myrmecophiles able to move throughout the colony at will and prey on the ants, surprisingly never eliciting aggression from the colonies. It has been recently postulated that stridulatory organs in Paussus might be evolved as an acoustic mechanism to interact with ants. Here, we survey the role of acoustic signals employed in the Paussus beetle-Pheidole ant system. Ants parasitised by Paussus beetles produce caste-specific stridulations. We found that Paussus can "speak" three different "languages", each similar to sounds produced by different ant castes (workers, soldiers, queen. Playback experiments were used to test how host ants respond to the sounds emitted by Paussus. Our data suggest that, by mimicking the stridulations of the queen, Paussus is able to dupe the workers of its host and to be treated as royalty. This is the first report of acoustic mimicry in a beetle parasite of ants.

  3. Emotional prosody: sex differences in sensitivity to speech melody.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besson, Mireille; Magne, Cyrille; Schön, Daniele

    2002-10-01

    Emotional prosody is defined as the ability to express emotions through variations of different parameters of the human speech, such as pitch contour, intensity and duration. A recent study has discovered clear differences between men and women in the time course of emotional prosodic processing. There are several interpretations of these intriguing results that hold promise for future studies on language comprehension.

  4. Unsettling Melodies: A Cognitive Approach to Incongruent Film Music.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Willemsen, Steven; Kiss, Miklós

    2013-01-01

    Incongruent film music is a soundtrack, either diegetic or non- diegetic, which expresses qualities that stand in contrast to the emotions evoked by the events seen. The present article aims at covering two interconnected areas; the first is comprised of a critical recapitulation of available

  5. Examining rhythm and melody processing in young children using FMRI.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Overy, K; Norton, A; Cronin, K; Winner, E; Schlaug, G

    2005-12-01

    While it is often reported that musical experience can have positive effects on cognitive development in young children, the neural basis of such potential effects remains relatively unexplored. Employing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for such research presents as many challenges as possibilities, not least of which is the fact that young children can find it difficult to remain still and attentive for long periods of time. Here we describe an fMRI scanning protocol designed specifically for young children using short scanning runs, a sparse temporal sampling data acquisition technique, simple rhythmic and melodic discrimination tasks with a button-press response, and a child-oriented preparation session. Children were recruited as part of a large-scale longitudinal study examining the effects of musical training on cognitive development and the structure and function of the growing brain. Results from an initial analysis of 33 children and from the first five children to be re-scanned after musical training indicate that our scanning protocol is successful and that activation differences can be detected both between conditions and over time.

  6. Combined Reverse-Brayton Joule Thompson Hydrogen Liquefaction Cycle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimko, Martin A. [Gas Equipment Engineering Corporation, Milford, CT (United States); Dunn, Paul M. [Gas Equipment Engineering Corporation, Milford, CT (United States)

    2011-12-31

    The following is a compilation of Annual Progress Reports submitted to the DOE’s Fuel Cell Technologies Office by Gas Equipment Engineering Corp. for contract DE-FG36-05GO15021. The reports cover the project activities from August 2005 through June 2010. The purpose of this project is to produce a pilot-scale liquefaction plant that demonstrates GEECO’s ability to meet or exceed the efficiency targets set by the DOE. This plant will be used as a model to commercialize this technology for use in the distribution infrastructure of hydrogen fuel. It could also be applied to markets distributing hydrogen for industrial gas applications. Extensive modeling of plant performance will be used in the early part of the project to identify the liquefaction cycle architecture that optimizes the twin goals of increased efficiency and reduced cost. The major challenge of the project is to optimize/balance the performance (efficiency) of the plant against the cost of the plant so that the fully amortized cost of liquefying hydrogen meets the aggressive goals set by DOE. This project will design and build a small-scale pilot plant (several hundred kg/day) that will be both a hardware demonstration and a model for scaling to larger plant sizes (>50,000 kg/day). Though an effort will be made to use commercial or near-commercial components, key components that will need development for either a pilot- or full-scale plant will be identified. Prior to starting pilot plant fabrication, these components will be demonstrated at the appropriate scale to demonstrate sufficient performance for use in the pilot plant and the potential to achieve the performance used in modeling the full-scale plant.

  7. On Thompson problem%关于Thompson问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈如林; 施武杰

    2010-01-01

    1987年本文第二作者给J.G.Thompson教授的信中提出猜想:所有有限单群S,都能够用S的阶和S的元的阶的集合统一的刻画.在回信中,Thompson提出了他的关于有限群G可解性判断的问题.当G的素图非连通时,本文给出了J.G.Thompson问题的肯定回答.

  8. J.J. Thompson and the discovery of the electron

    CERN Document Server

    Davis, E A

    2002-01-01

    This historical survey of the discovery of the electron has been published to coincide with the centenary of the discovery. The text maps the life and achievements of J.J. Thomson, with particular focus on his ideas and experiments leading to the discovery. It describes Thomson''s early years and education. It then considers his career at Cambridge, first as a fellow of Trinity, later as the head of the Cavendish Laboratory and finally as Master of Trinity and national spokesman for science. The core of the book is concerned with the work undertaken at the Cavendish, culminating in the discovery of "corpuscles", later named "electrons".; In the final two chapters, the immediate aftermath and implications of the work are described. These include the creation of the subject of atomic physics as well as the broader long term developments which can be traced from vacuum valves and the transistor through to the microelectronics revolution.

  9. Modeling Laser Damage Thresholds Using the Thompson-Gerstman Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    implementation has the ability to iterate the thermal solver algorithm over any number of different parameters such as corneal fluence, laser power... algorithm (green) next to the verified TempBuilder (red) thermal profile. These results show good agreement, which supports the validity of the new C...J. and G. D. Polhamus. 1984. Measurement and prediction of thermal injury in the retina of the rhesus monkey . IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. BME-31, 1471

  10. The effect of polyphonization of Hüseyni maqam melodies within modal jazz harmony and dorian scale on success in piano educationHüseyni makamı içerikli ezgilerin modal caz armonisi ve doryen dizi kapsamında çokseslendirilmesinin piyano eğitiminde başarıya etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozan Eroy

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to determine effects of polyphonic performance of Turkish Music melodies containing Hüseyni maqam with modal jazz harmony on undergraduate piano students. Accordingly, “one group pretest-posttest pattern”,one of the weak experimental modals, has been used in the survey. In scope of the research, a piano curriculum based upon the components such as a general information about modal jazz harmony and chord setups has been applied to the students over two studies that are composed with dorian scale and two folk songs performed polyphonically in Hüseyni maqam.  The effect of the applied piano curriculum on students’ piano performance has been analysed. As Hüseyni maqam in Turkish Music resembles dorian scale, the studies used for the curriculum have been made based on dorian scale. A six-week curriculum was applied to the students in the process level of the experimental period of the research. The pretest-posttest piano performance success of the students has been analysed by using piano performance rating form prepared pursuant to learned opinion. Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and r effect size were calculated in the analysis process. As a result of the survey, it has been determined that the piano curriculum based on dorian scale and modal jazz harmony, enhances the piano performance success of the students noteworthily. Moreover, it has also been identified that the influence quantity is in a high level.   Özet Araştırma ile Türkiye'de lisans düzeyinde piyano eğitimi gören öğrenciler için modal caz armonisi ile çokseslendirilen Hüseyni makamı içerikli Türk müziği ezgilerinin, öğrencilerin piyano performanslarına olan etkisinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmaktadır. Bu doğrultuda, araştırmada zayıf deneysel modellerden "tek grup ön test-son test desen" kullanılmıştır. Araştırma kapsamında, öğrencilere; doryen dizi ile bestelenmiş iki etüt ve çokseslendirilmiş iki hüseyni içerikli türkü

  11. Konuşma ve Ses Eğitimi Arasında Konuşmanın Ezgisi Açısından Akrabalık İlişkisi Kindship of Speaking and Voice Education Through Speaking Melody

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kıvanç AYCAN

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Voice education is interdisciplinary individual education, whichconsists of sub-matters like speaking and singing. It is also aneducation in which the individuals acquire the necessary behaviors touse their voices in compatible with the anatomical and physiologicalstructures, while they are speaking and singing. On the other hand,speech training is defined as "diction", "oratory", "rhetoric" which isdoctrines in Turkish language for this purpose. The person who wantsto talk with clear diction and to use his language in a appropriate wayand express himself properly, has to understand and apply voice andbreath control and has to acquire knowledge about phonetic, accent,intonation and enclisis. People who earns money through speaking asin advocators, public speaker, politicians and teachers, should learn tokeep their voices for a healthy voice. To make people to use innatespeaking ability in an accurate and ordered way, speaking educationpossession in school life is crucial. General purpose of speaking lessonsin the educational institution is to gain effective and fitting individualexpression ability through the student’s opinion, observation, ambitionand desires. Starting from these point students should understand themain structure and function of respiratory systems, diaphragm andabdominal muscles, larynx muscles and voice tube. Speakingeducation’s theoretical content is finding practical corresponds in voiceeducation through breath management exercises. The kinship betweenvoice and speaking education is the relationship between the theoreticalcontent of speaking education and practical content of vocal education,which relies on the melody of speaking. This article is a descriptivereview which contains kinship of voice and speaking education. Ses eğitimi; konuşma, şarkı söyleme ve şan gibi alt basamakları içeren disiplinler arası bir özel eğitim alanıdır. Bireylere konuşurken ve şarkı söylerken anatomik ve fizyolojik yap

  12. 玲珑小巧的Melody SP3胆机

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    军娥

    2005-01-01

    说到Helody SP3胆机,各位自不陌生,这是Helody改型后推出的第一部作品。是Melody的一次突破,一次大改革,外形更加趋于年轻化.极具Art Taste,应当说是近年国产放大器中外型最为独具品味的胆机,声靓形俊,着实迷人。前面板厚实却并不笨重,带有些许的弧度和一定的上拱使它显得更为精简,外凸的音量电位器使它看来更为雅致大度,瑰丽大气,开关电源和输入选择掣设于机身两侧,是一个极人性化的设计,顺手而不碍眼。别看这部SP3相比起我们常见的胆机小了许多,只有275mm×185mm×350mm,但它的重量可是不轻,足有20kg。

  13. A vocal basis for the affective character of musical mode in melody

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel eBowling

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Why does major music sound happy and minor music sound sad? The idea that different musical modes are best suited to the expression of different emotions has been prescribed by composers, music theorists, and natural philosophers for millennia. However, the reason we associate musical modes with emotions remains a matter of debate. On one side there is considerable evidence that mode-emotion associations arise through exposure to the conventions of a particular musical culture, suggesting a basis in lifetime learning. On the other, cross-cultural comparisons suggest that the particular associations we make are supported by musical similarities to the prosodic characteristics of the voice in different affective states, indicating a basis in the biology of emotional expression. Here, I review developmental and cross-cultural studies on the affective character of musical modes, concluding that while learning clearly plays a role, the emotional associations we make are (1 not arbitrary, and (2 best understood by also taking into account the physical characteristics and biological purposes of vocalization.

  14. Sweet Melodies: Combining the Talents and Knowledge of Music Therapy and Elite Musicianship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen Shoemark

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This article reports on a collaborative short-term project between the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra and the Music Therapy team at The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne to provide live music on the Neonatal ward of the hospital. The focus was for the music therapists and musicians to develop their understanding and capability to provide live music in an environment for medically fragile patients. To extend the benefit of this experience, guidelines for future musicians were also produced. The guidelines were created through a process of narratives and discussions which were transcribed, and subjected to a thematic analysis. Mid and final review meetings for the whole team encouraged discussion about the emerging themes and final collation of guidelines. The guidelines were intended to offer guidance for new Arts in Health programs or for solo musicians volunteering in a hospital without such a program.

  15. Melody of a Myth: The Legacy of Haim Hefers Red Rock Song

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peters Dominik

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Palmach was the backbone of the pre-state Yishuv militias fighting for the independence of Israel. However, its impact went beyond the battlefield and still resonates in the cultural arena of modern day Israel. The exclusive elite group was a beacon of cultural as well as pedagogical values influencing the state, such as the Yediat ha-Aretz principle and the thereby interwoven Wanderlust. Therefore, I will try to show how Haim Hefer, the prominent Palmach poet and songwriter, prolonged this hiking tradition through the years of early statehood and implemented it in his famous song ha-Sela ha-Adom (“The Red Rock” about the clandestine treks to the mythical Nabatean city of Petra in Jordan by Meir Har-Zion and many others. I will argue that the pop-cultural heritage of this particular song-although deeply rooted in the cultural matrix of the Yishuv-is a theme and topic of controversy to this day.

  16. Intonation and Communicative Intent in Mothers' Speech to Infants: Is the Melody the Message?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernald, Anne

    1989-01-01

    Explored the power of intonation of speech addressed to adults and preverbal infants to convey meaningful information to 80 adult listeners. Listeners used intonation to identify speaker's intent with greater accuracy in infant-directed speech than adult-directed speech. (RJC)

  17. Melodies That Help: The Relation between Language Aptitude and Musical Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca-Mora, M. C.; Toscano-Fuentes, C.; Wermke, K.

    2011-01-01

    Music and rhythm have been defined as powerful aids to language learning, memory, and recall. But is this due to structural and motivational properties of instrumental music and songs, or is there a relation between learners' language aptitude and musical intelligence? It seems that everyone who feels motivated to do it is able to learn other…

  18. Infants Use Meter to Categorize Rhythms and Melodies: Implications for Musical Structure Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannon, E.E.; Johnson, S.P.

    2005-01-01

    Little is known about whether infants perceive meter, the underlying temporal structure of music. We employed a habituation paradigm to examine whether 7-month-old infants could categorize rhythmic and melodic patterns on the basis of the underlying meter, which was implied from event and accent frequency of occurrence. In Experiment 1, infants…

  19. Learning and liking of melody and harmony: Further studies in artificial grammar learning

    OpenAIRE

    Loui, Psyche

    2012-01-01

    Much of what we know and love about music is based on implicitly acquired mental representations of musical pitches and the relationships between them. While previous studies have shown that these mental representations of music can be acquired rapidly and can influence preference, it is still unclear which aspects of music influence learning and preference formation. This article reports two experiments that use an artificial musical system to examine two questions: 1) which aspects of music...

  20. That Melodious Noise: DUET (the Development of University English Teaching Project).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broadbent, John

    1982-01-01

    Two workshops on college English curriculum and instruction, held in England in 1980 and 1981, explored the idea that although literary and associated theory have been advancing recently, in the university the syllabus, teaching methods, method of analysis, modes of written work, and place of creative writing have remained largely unchanged. (MSE)

  1. A Proposal of a Color Music Notation System on a Single Melody for Music Beginners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuo, Yi-Ting; Chuang, Ming-Chuen

    2013-01-01

    Music teachers often encounter obstructions in teaching beginners in music reading. Conventional notational symbols require beginners to spend significant amount of time in memorizing, which discourages learning at early stage. This article proposes a newly-developed color music notation system that may improve the recognition of the staff and the…

  2. New music to an old melody: The 66th AAAAI meeting in New Orleans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabasseda, Xavier

    2010-04-01

    With the images of the earthquake in Haiti still fresh in the memory, and a similar disaster just occurring in Chile, coming again to New Orleans brought back vivid images of the Hurricane Katrina disaster. The city has for the most part recovered from that experience, although molds persist in many historical and ancient buildings, putting allergy sufferers at risk as they breathe in allergens. The city of New Orleans is almost fully restored to its former glory, however, and music again pours out through doors and windows of the French Quarter, calling people in to share drinks and food while clearly stating which specific products contain or may contain traces of nuts, so that people with allergies do not need to run to their epinephrine autoinjector to treat life-threatening anaphylactic attacks. Against this background, and under heavy, rainy and windy skies, the American Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology (AAAAI) held its 2010 annual meeting in the Ernst E. Memorial Convention Center, where 4 days packed with presentations and discussions displaced most other thoughts from the attendees' minds. Indeed, nights on Bourbon Street had never been so uncrowded as they were during the meeting, suggesting that attendees were perhaps sequestered in their hotel rooms, working with new information obtained at the meeting. Copyright 2010 Prous Science, S.A.U. or its licensors. All rights reserved.

  3. Song Ci and Flute Melody%宋词与笛声

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高峰

    2005-01-01

    词体是诉诸听觉感受的艺术形式,与诸多伴奏乐器一道,营造出以声传情、声情并茂的表达效果.本文从文化、音乐、审美心理等视角,结合宋代的社会背景,对于宋词内大量出现的笛声听觉意象进行细致深入的分类、剖析,揭示其丰富的文化意蕴、内容指向和艺术魅力.

  4. Brain Activity Varies with Modulation of Dynamic Pitch Variance in Sentence Melody

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Martin; Steinhauer, Karsten; Alter, Kai; Friederici, Angela D.; von Cramon, D. Yves

    2004-01-01

    Fourteen native speakers of German heard normal sentences, sentences which were either lacking dynamic pitch variation (flattened speech), or comprised of intonation contour exclusively (degraded speech). Participants were to listen carefully to the sentences and to perform a rehearsal task. Passive listening to flattened speech compared to normal…

  5. The brain generates its own sentence melody: a Gestalt phenomenon in speech perception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrmann, Christoph S; Friederici, Angela D; Oertel, Ulrich; Maess, Burkhard; Hahne, Anja; Alter, Kai

    2003-06-01

    Brain processes underlying spoken language comprehension comprise auditory encoding, prosodic analysis and linguistic evaluation. Auditory encoding usually activates both hemispheres while language-specific stages are lateralized: analysis of prosodic cues are right-lateralized while linguistic evaluation is left-lateralized. Here, we investigated to what extent the absence of prosodic information influences lateralization. MEG brain-responses indicated that syntactic violations lead to early bi-lateral brain responses for syntax violations. When the pitch of sentences was flattened to diminish prosodic cues, the brain's syntax response was lateralized to the right hemisphere, indicating that the missing pitch was generated automatically by the brain when it was absent. This represents a Gestalt phenomenon, since we perceive more than is actually presented.

  6. Effects of altered auditory feedback across effector systems: production of melodies by keyboard and singing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfordresher, Peter Q; Mantell, James T

    2012-01-01

    We report an experiment that tested whether effects of altered auditory feedback (AAF) during piano performance differ from its effects during singing. These effector systems differ with respect to the mapping between motor gestures and pitch content of auditory feedback. Whereas this action-effect mapping is highly reliable during phonation in any vocal motor task (singing or speaking), mapping between finger movements and pitch occurs only in limited situations, such as piano playing. Effects of AAF in both tasks replicated results previously found for keyboard performance (Pfordresher, 2003), in that asynchronous (delayed) feedback slowed timing whereas alterations to feedback pitch increased error rates, and the effect of asynchronous feedback was similar in magnitude across tasks. However, manipulations of feedback pitch had larger effects on singing than on keyboard production, suggesting effector-specific differences in sensitivity to action-effect mapping with respect to feedback content. These results support the view that disruption from AAF is based on abstract, effector independent, response-effect associations but that the strength of associations differs across effector systems.

  7. Modulation of auditory cortex response to pitch variation following training with microtonal melodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert J Zatorre

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available We tested changes in cortical functional response to auditory configural learning by training ten human listeners to discriminate micromelodies (consisting of smaller pitch intervals than normally used in Western music. We measured covariation in blood oxygenation signal to increasing pitch-interval size in order to dissociate global changes in activity from those specifically associated with the stimulus feature of interest. A psychophysical staircase procedure with feedback was used for training over a two-week period. Behavioral tests of discrimination ability performed before and after training showed significant learning on the trained stimuli, and generalization to other frequencies and tasks; no learning occurred in an untrained control group. Before training the functional MRI data showed the expected systematic increase in activity in auditory cortices as a function of increasing micromelody pitch-interval size. This function became shallower after training, with the maximal change observed in the right posterior auditory cortex. Global decreases in activity in auditory regions, along with global increases in frontal cortices also occurred after training. Individual variation in learning rate was related to the hemodynamic slope to pitch-interval size, such that those who had a higher sensitivity to pitch-interval variation prior to learning achieved the fastest learning. We conclude that configural auditory learning entails modulation in the response of auditory cortex specifically to the trained stimulus feature. Reduction in blood oxygenation response to increasing pitch-interval size suggests that fewer computational resources, and hence lower neural recruitment, is associated with learning, in accord with models of auditory cortex function, and with data from other modalities.

  8. Melody as Prosody: Toward a Usage-Based Theory of Music

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pooley, Thomas Mathew

    2014-01-01

    Rationalist modes of inquiry have dominated the cognitive science of music over the past several decades. This dissertation contests many rationalist assumptions, including its core tenets of nativism, modularity, and computationism, by drawing on a wide range of evidence from psychology, neuroscience, linguistics, and cognitive music theory, as…

  9. Priming in Melody Perception: Tracking Down the Strength of Cognitive Expectations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marmel, Frederic; Tillmann, Barbara; Delbe, Charles

    2010-01-01

    The musical priming paradigm has shown facilitated processing for tonally related over less-related targets. However, the congruence between tonal relatedness and the psychoacoustical properties of music challenges cognitive interpretations of the involved processes. Our goal was to show that cognitive expectations (based on listeners' tonal…

  10. Hamiltonian Systems and Optimal Control in Computational Anatomy: 100 Years Since D'Arcy Thompson.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Michael I; Trouvé, Alain; Younes, Laurent

    2015-01-01

    The Computational Anatomy project is the morphome-scale study of shape and form, which we model as an orbit under diffeomorphic group action. Metric comparison calculates the geodesic length of the diffeomorphic flow connecting one form to another. Geodesic connection provides a positioning system for coordinatizing the forms and positioning their associated functional information. This article reviews progress since the Euler-Lagrange characterization of the geodesics a decade ago. Geodesic positioning is posed as a series of problems in Hamiltonian control, which emphasize the key reduction from the Eulerian momentum with dimension of the flow of the group, to the parametric coordinates appropriate to the dimension of the submanifolds being positioned. The Hamiltonian viewpoint provides important extensions of the core setting to new, object-informed positioning systems. Several submanifold mapping problems are discussed as they apply to metamorphosis, multiple shape spaces, and longitudinal time series studies of growth and atrophy via shape splines.

  11. Case report 529: Osteosarcoma of calcaneus with Rothmund-Thompson syndrome (RTS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baro, P.R.; Bastart, F.M.; Bartrina, J.R.; Mateo, J.M.; Vidal, M.T.R.

    1989-04-01

    A new case of Rothmund Thomson syndrome (RTS) diagnosed at infancy is described. This patient developed a lesion in the calcaneus classified histologically as an osteosarcoma. Twelve months later she developed metastasic lesions in a rib and in the lungs. This case is the fourth reported osteosarcoma in a patient with the RTS syndrome. (orig./GDG).

  12. A Note on Thompson Theorem%关于Thompson定理的一个注记

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟祥贵; 李勇刚

    2007-01-01

    证明有限群G是幂零的,如果满足:G′幂零,G有素数r阶自同构α使得r(∈)π(CG(α)),并且G有α-不变的幂零极大子群H使得CG(α)≤Φ(H)且H的Sylow 2-子群的幂零类≤2.该结果推广了Thompson定理.

  13. Sir Gardner Wilkinson and His Circle, by Jason Thompson, University of Texas Press, Austin, 1992

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard B. Woodbury

    1993-11-01

    Full Text Available In the early 19th century there were no "archaeologists" as we use the term today, although antiquarians studied the relics of the past, mainly of the classical world but occcasionally also Egypt and other distant, exotic lands, and dilettantes, men of wealth and taste, collected antiquities. Gardner Wilkinson, the subject of this excellent biography, considered himself neither, but rather a gentleman traveler and writer. He became interested in Egypt only by accident Leaving Oxford in 1819 before completing a degree he began a Grand Tour, the long-standing tradition of travel on the Continent by which an English gentleman "completed" his education. Wilkinson's tour included Paris, Strasbourg, Geneva, Turin, and Rome, where he met Sir William Gell, a scholar with whom he struck up an instant friendship.

  14. Marxism, Culture and Anthropology. Gramsci, Thompson and Williams’s contributions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores Liaudat

    2017-03-01

    Through the literature review we developed two analysis levels. On one side, the discussions points of these authors with Marxist economism, the commonalities and differences between them and their main conceptual contributions in the construction of a critical Marxism. On the other side, we develop the influence of Gramsci in anthropology, which interpretations have been made by this author?, the role played by the British Marxism in these interpretations and the specific contributions that anthropology could make to build Marxism not economicist.

  15. Initial operation of the divertor Thompson scattering diagnostic on DIII-D

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carlstrom, T.N.; Hsieh, C.L.; Stockdale, R.E. [and others

    1996-05-01

    The first Thomson scattering measurements of n{sub e} and T{sub e} in the divertor region of a tokamak are reported. These data are used as input to boundary physics codes such as UEDGE and DEGAS and to benchmark the predictive capabilities of these codes. These measurements have also contributed to the characterization of tokamak disruptions. A Nd:YAG laser (20 Hz, 1 J, 15 ns, 1064 nm) is directed vertically through the lower divertor region of the DIII-D tokamak. A custom, aspherical collection lens (f /6.8) images the laser beam from 1-21 cm above the target plates into eight spatial channels with 1.5 cm vertical and 0.3 cm radial resolution. 2D mapping of the divertor region is achieved by sweeping the divertor X-point location radially through the fixed laser beam location. Fiber optics carry the light to polychromators whose interference filters have been optimized for low T{sub e} measurements. Silicon avalanche photo diodes measure both the scattered and plasma background light. Temperatures and densities are typically in the range of 5-200 eV and 1 - 10 x 10{sup 19} m{sup -3} respectively. Low temperatures, T{sub e} < 1 eV, and high densities, n{sub e} > 8x10{sup 20} m{sup -3} have been observed in detached plasmas. Background light levels have not been a significant problem. Reduction of the laser stray light permits Rayleigh calibration. Because of access difficulties, no in-vessel vacuum alignment target could be used. Instead, an in situ laser alignment monitor provides alignment information for each laser pulse. Results are compared with Langmuir probe measurements where good agreement is found except for regions of high n{sub e} and low T{sub e} as measured by Thomson scattering.

  16. Lazer, modernidade, capitalismo: um olhar a partir da obra de Edward Palmer Thompson

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Victor Andrade de Melo

    2010-01-01

    ... uma dimensão fundamental para garantir o "progresso". The consolidation process of the industrial mode of production slowly configures a clear distinction between the working time and the free time...

  17. ALGUNS ASPECTOS DA BIOLOGIA DO SERRADOR, Oncideres dejeani THOMPSON, 1868 (COLEOPTERA : CERAMBYCIDAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriane Brill Thum

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se este trabalho objetivando determinar alguns parâmetros comparativos da biologia do serrador, Oncideres dejeani Thomson,1868 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae sobre aroeira preta, Lithraea brasiliensis L. March (Anacardiaceae e pau de leite, Sebastiania brasiliensis Spreng. (Euphorbiaceae, em São Sepé - RS, durante o período 1989-1990. Mediu-se o comprimento e a largura do orifício de emergência dos adultos do serrador e, o comprimento e volume da galeria larval-pupal. O orifício de emergência do adulto de O. dejeani apresenta formato ovalado em pau de leite e quase circular em aroeira preta. A larva se desenvolve em galhos de vários diâmetros, independente da espécie de planta hospedeira, consome igual volume de madeira e constroi galeria de comprimento similar nas duas espécies botânicas estudadas

  18. Alguns aspectos da biologia do serrador, Oncideres dejeani Thompson, 1868 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dionisio Link

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Realizou-se este trabalho objetivando determinar alguns parâmetros comparativos da biologia do serrador, Oncideres dejeani Thomson,1868 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae sobre aroeira preta, Lithraea brasiliensis L. March (Anacardiaceae e  pau de leite, Sebastiania brasiliensis Spreng. (Euphorbiaceae, em São Sepé - RS, durante o período 1989-1990. Mediu-se o comprimento e a largura do orifício de emergência dos adultos do serrador e, o comprimento e volume da galeria larval-pupal. O orifício de emergência do adulto de O. dejeani apresenta formato ovalado em pau de leite e quase circular em aroeira preta. A larva se desenvolve em galhos de vários diâmetros, independente da espécie de planta hospedeira, consome igual volume de madeira e constroi galeria de comprimento similar nas duas espécies botânicas estudadas.

  19. Serial Studies of the Short Qupai (Typical Melodies) in the Southern and Northern Qu Melody Categories (Ⅰ)%"南北曲腔"中短小曲牌研究系列(上)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董维松

    2009-01-01

    从型态学的角度分析两支南北曲腔中的短小曲牌,北曲[粉蝶儿]是"腔型"框架相同,而变了四次调性(调式)的曲子,可用"变调A型"(简称"变A型")、"变调A变体型"(简称"A变型")、"变调B型"(简称"变B型")和"变调B变体型"(简称"B变型")四种调性进行比较分析.南曲[懒画眉]一牌,一方面对它的"词格"及其"变体"进行历史性的简略考证,另一方面把它在曲调上的相同之处寻找出来,用曲谱一一加以对照,能够使之一目了然.

  20. Serial Studies of the Short Qupai (Typical Melodies) in the Southern and Northen Qu Melody Categories (Ⅱ)%"南北曲腔"中短小曲牌研究系列(下)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董维松

    2009-01-01

    @@ 二、南曲·南吕宫[懒画眉]--一支"腔有定型"的曲牌 [懒画眉]牌名,在宋词、诸宫调中均未见过.因为它属南曲,当然元曲中也不会有此牌名(元曲中只有个别曲牌用有南曲,但无此曲).它有可能来自宋元南戏,但笔者未详加考证,不敢妄下断语,不过到目前见到最先用此曲牌的是元代高则诚(高明)的.

  1. Inter-individual differences in audio-motor learning of piano melodies and white matter fiber tract architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engel, Annerose; Hijmans, Brenda S; Cerliani, L.; Bangert, Marc; Nanetti, Luca; Keller, Peter E; Keysers, C.

    Humans vary substantially in their ability to learn new motor skills. Here, we examined inter-individual differences in learning to play the piano, with the goal of identifying relations to structural properties of white matter fiber tracts relevant to audio-motor learning. Non-musicians (n = 18)

  2. The influence of music-elicited emotions and relative pitch on absolute pitch memory for familiar melodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakubowski, Kelly; Müllensiefen, Daniel

    2013-01-01

    Levitin's findings that nonmusicians could produce from memory the absolute pitches of self-selected pop songs have been widely cited in the music psychology literature. These findings suggest that latent absolute pitch (AP) memory may be a more widespread trait within the population than traditional AP labelling ability. However, it has been left unclear what factors may facilitate absolute pitch retention for familiar pieces of music. The aim of the present paper was to investigate factors that may contribute to latent AP memory using Levitin's sung production paradigm for AP memory and comparing results to the outcomes of a pitch labelling task, a relative pitch memory test, measures of music-induced emotions, and various measures of participants' musical backgrounds. Our results suggest that relative pitch memory and the quality and degree of music-elicited emotions impact on latent AP memory.

  3. Inter-individual differences in audio-motor learning of piano melodies and white matter fiber tract architecture

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engel, Annerose; Hijmans, Brenda S; Cerliani, L.; Bangert, Marc; Nanetti, Luca; Keller, Peter E; Keysers, C.

    2014-01-01

    Humans vary substantially in their ability to learn new motor skills. Here, we examined inter-individual differences in learning to play the piano, with the goal of identifying relations to structural properties of white matter fiber tracts relevant to audio-motor learning. Non-musicians (n = 18) le

  4. 论土家族民歌《龙船调》%On Tujia Folk Song--Dragon Boat Melody

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田世高

    2002-01-01

    是一首在鄂西土家族民间经时历岁、流传久远,享誉世界的优秀民歌;它具有生动的语言、鲜明的形象、突出的主题、清晰的结构;并以和谐的音韵、优美的旋律、明快的节奏展示出其独特的土家族音乐魅力.

  5. A Review. Themes Composed by Jazz Musicians of the Bebop Era: A Study of Harmony, Rhythm, and Melody.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robbins, James

    1987-01-01

    Examines a dissertation that provides a classification and analysis of 197 "bebop" themes. Explains a major drawback of the study is the author's unwillingness to interpret his data and answer questions the study raises. Concludes with a rebuttal which defends the study and explains the research rationale. (BSR)

  6. 论汉语诗歌语言的音乐性%On the Melody of Chinese Poem Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈亚丹

    2001-01-01

    本文终点分析了汉语诗歌中特有的声音现象--平仄和句逗的音乐功能.汉语抽象音调的发现以及汉语诗歌中平仄系统的建立,正式宣告了诗歌声音过程作为一种音乐性声音的独立,具体的诗歌语言和抽象的音乐形式相分离;而句逗同时是语音单位和语义单位,它既是汉语诗歌在音乐形式中实现语义的直接关联的契机,同时也是语音与语义间接关联的体现者.因而,句逗是音乐通向诗歌的途径.

  7. 论旋律在二语习得中的应用%Application of Melody In Second Language Acquisition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭娟娟; 王晓燕

    2004-01-01

    歌曲是倾情言志的语言,在传递信息和第二语言习得中起着不可缺少和相得益彰的作用.阐述了旋律在外语课堂环境中的现实意义和在外语教学研究及二语习得研究领域中的理论意义.旋律教学法不仅对发音技能的提高有促进作用,而且对整个第二语言习得过程有积极影响.

  8. 《呼啸山庄》的主旋律--爱情%Love,the Main Melody in Wuthering Heights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王平

    2014-01-01

    Emily's Wuthering Heights has been studied by different scholars from many aspects. Combined with Emily’s back-ground, this article adopts the research method of comparison and illustration through a comparative analysis of various characters and two generations of love in the novel to show the reasons for love tragedy in“Wuthering Heights”and get the theme of the work, which is love from the view of“I and Ego”.%爱米丽的《呼啸山庄》被世界各国的学者从多方面,多角度地进行研究。该文采取对比分析、举例说明的研究方法,通过比较分析作品中各个人物和上下两代人的爱情,结合爱米丽自身的时代背景,分析说明《呼啸山庄》中爱情悲剧的原因,从“我与自我”的角度引出这部作品的主题是“爱”。

  9. Hearing a Melody in Different Ways: Multistability of Metrical Interpretation, Reflected in Rate Limits of Sensorimotor Synchronization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Repp, Bruno H.

    2007-01-01

    Music commonly induces the feeling of a regular beat (i.e., a metrical structure) in listeners. However, musicians can also intentionally impose a beat (i.e., a metrical interpretation) on a metrically ambiguous passage. The present study aimed to provide objective evidence for this little-studied mental ability. Participants were prompted with…

  10. Music Supports the Processing of Song Lyrics and Changes their Contents: : Effects of Melody, Silences and Accompaniment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schotanus, Yke

    2016-01-01

    A growing body of evidence indicates that singing might affect the perception of language both in a supportive and in a detrimental way. Accompaniment might be a factor of interest, because loud rests (on-beat silences) and out-of-key notes may confuse listeners, while accompaniment might elucidate

  11. Music Supports the Processing of Song Lyrics and Changes their Contents: : Effects of Melody, Silences and Accompaniment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schotanus, Yke

    2016-01-01

    A growing body of evidence indicates that singing might affect the perception of language both in a supportive and in a detrimental way. Accompaniment might be a factor of interest, because loud rests (on-beat silences) and out-of-key notes may confuse listeners, while accompaniment might elucidate

  12. Medidas morfométricas de fêmeas e machos de Oncideres dejeani Thompson, 1868 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae Morphometric measurements of males and females of Oncideres dejeani Thompson, 1868 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita de Cássia Andrade dos Santos Seffrin

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar aspectos morfológicos de Oncideres dejeani que possibilitem a diferenciação sexual destes insetos. Dados da morfometria de 25 casais de insetos obtidos com auxílio de um microscópio estereoscópico e de um paquímetro mostram que o comprimento e a largura dos fêmures dos exemplares machos são menores do que os dos exemplares fêmeas, porém apresentam antenas maiores, havendo uma diferenciação no tamanho das antenas após o quarto antenômero, pelo teste de Mann-Whitney, em 5% de probabilidade de erro. Fêmeas e machos também apresentaram diferenças significativas quanto às medidas de comprimento do élitro, à largura entre os tubérculos, à largura apical do élitro e à largura posterior do protórax. Pela praticidade de obtenção, as medidas do tamanho do corpo e do comprimento de antenas podem ser consideradas suficientes como dados morfométricos de diferenciação sexual desta espécie.The objective of this work was to identify morfologycal aspects of Oncideres dejeani that helps the sexual differentiation of this species. Morphometrics data of 25 couples were analysed with a stereo microscope and pachimeter indicated that femur length and width of male individuals were smaller than on the females however the antennas were larger and there is a differentiation on the antennas length after the forth antennomeres as indicated by the Mann-Whitney test at 5% error probability. Female and male presented significant differences regarding elytra length, width between tubercle, apical width of elytra of hind prothoracic. For their facility in being taken, the measurements of body size and antennae length can be considered enough as morfologycal data hat can be used for sexual differentiation of this species.

  13. Effects of tomato variety, temperature differential and post-stem removal time on internalization of Salmonella Thompson into tomatoes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomatoes have been implicated in several Salmonellosis outbreaks due to possible contamination through bacterial infiltration into tomatoes during post-harvest handling. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of tomato variety, dump tank water to tomato pulp temperature differential, and...

  14. Communication and Control in Organizations: Applying the Work of James Thompson and Gregory Bateson to Interpretive Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-07-01

    Harre 1979), linquists (Chomsky JN 1976), literary theorists (Eagleton 1983), and a long list of social scientists ( Schutz 1970, Berger and Luckmann...the Corporation. New York: Basic Books. Kline, G. L. (1963). Alfred North Whtega: Essays on ail PhilQj . Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall...1983). ’A Communication-Rules Approach to Organizational Culture’. Administrative Science Quarterly, 28, 557-581. Schutz , A. (1970). DU Phenomenologv And

  15. Study on the Effect of Combined Application of Manure and Chemical Fertilizers on Some Properties of Thompson Novel Orange Juice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Shahsavani

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Citrus are one of the important orchard fruit production that after banana is second in production at the world level and every year, Chemical fertilizers having most important role in increasing crops productions, but in long application of fertilizers cause soil destructions and polluting underground water. Also soils of dry regions are very poor in organic matter level. Nowadays in most countries, climatically condition and poor management cause poor organic matter content of soils. In Iran more than 60 percent of cultivated lands having less than 0.5 up to 1 percent organic matter. This may be due to intensive cultivation and poor managements For this reason if we have combine applications of manure and chemical fertilizers, the results would be much better. The aim of this research was to evaluate suitable ratio of manure and chemical fertilizer in order to reduce the chemical fertilizer use in citrus orchard in north of Iran. Materials and Methods: This experiment was conducted in one of the orchard at Sari district with low organic C. This research carried out on five years old citrus threes. This experiment carried out as factorial experiment on the base of complete randomized block design with 9 treatments and three replications. Treatments included three manure levels (0, 6 and 12 kg per tree and three levels of macro fertilizer including potassium sulphate, ammonium sulphate and super phosphate triple (o, 30 and 60 percent on the bases of soil test. Total treatment were 27 plots, (each plots were includes two threes.all treatments were applied at March. All analysis was done with standard methods. This experiment was done as factorial on the bases of complete randomized block design with 9 treatments and three replications. The treatments were as follows: T1: Zero percent chemical fertilizer and zero kg manure T2: 30 percent chemical fertilizer (potassium sulphate 50 kgha-1, ammonium sulphate 30 kg ha-1 and super phosphate triple 45 kg ha-1 and zero kg manure. T3: 60 percent chemical fertilizer (potassium sulphate 100 kgha-1, ammonium sulphate 60 kg ha-1 and super phosphate triple 90 kg ha-1 and zero kg manure. T4: Zero percent chemical fertilizer and 6 kg manure T5: 30 percent chemical fertilizer (potassium sulphate 50 kgha-1, ammonium sulphate 30 kg ha-1 and super phosphate triple 45 kg ha-1 and 6 kg manure. T6: 60 percent chemical fertilizer (potassium sulphate 100 kgha-1, ammonium sulphate 60 kg ha-1 and super phosphate triple 90 kg ha-1 and 6 kg manure. T7: Zero percent chemical fertilizer and 12 kg manure T8: 30 percent chemical fertilizer (potassium sulphate 50 kgha-1, ammonium sulphate 30 kg ha-1 and super phosphate triple 45 kg ha-1 and 12 kg manure. T9: 60 percent chemical fertilizer (potassium sulphate 100 kgha-1, ammonium sulphate 60 kg ha-1 and super phosphate triple 90 kg ha-1 and 12 kg manure. All data analysis was done with MSTATC software and mean data comparison done with Duncan test levels at 1 or 5 percent levels. Results and Discussion: The results of analysis of variance showed that simple effect of manure and fertilizers and their interactions had no significant effect on TSS, but simple effect of fertilizer and their interactions between them had significant effect. The simple effect of chemical fertilizer and its interaction with manure were significant at 1 percent level on titration able pH of fruit juice and the simple effect of manure effect on fruit juice pH were significant at 5 percent level. The simple chemical fertilizer effect on C vitamin was not significant but simple effect of manure and its interaction effect with chemical fertilizer were significant at 5 percent level. The analysis of variance showed that simple effect of chemical fertilizer on fruit juice potassium were not significant, but simple effect of manure and its interaction with chemical fertilizer were significant at 5 percent level. Analysis of variance showed that simple effect of manure and fertilizer on the fruit juice calcium was significant at 1 percent level but their interactions were significant at 5 percent level. Simple effect of manure and fertilizer and their interactions on the fruit magnesium, iron manganese, zinc and copper were significant at 1 percent level. Analysis of variance showed that simple effect of manure and fertilizer and their interactions on the fruit juice magnesium, manganese, iron and copper was significant at 1 percent level, but simple effect of manure on fruit juice zinc were significant at 5 percent level. Conclusion: In this study the treatment with combined application of 30 percent and 12 kg manure had highest Ca, Mg , Fe, Mn and zinc concentration in fruit, also combined application of 60 percent fertilizer and 12 kg manure had effect on pH and potassium of fruit juice.

  16. A report on the trace element concentrations in sediments, vegetation, and fishes from the Lake Thompson Wetland Complex, South Dakota

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The results of this study identify the contaminants present, if any, and their concentrations in fish, cattail roots, and sediments from areas of concern in the Lake...

  17. The importance of radiation chemistry to radiation and free radical biology (The 2008 Silvanus Thompson Memorial Lecture).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wardman, P

    2009-02-01

    Biological effects of radiation are manifest over timescales extending to years. However, many chemical events are complete in milliseconds; after this time, adding oxygen to irradiated hypoxic cells no longer enhances radiosensitivity. This does not mean that damage pathways cannot be modified; the potential gain from chemical modulation of early events is as large as any associated with later pathways, and the prognostic importance of variations in levels of small molecules active in fast free radical pathways is as important as any associated with genetic make-up. Reactive oxygen species are much invoked in the wider context, but are frequently undefined and seldom measured unambiguously. Radiation chemistry has much to offer to both radiation and free radical biology. An appreciation of the interlinked parameters of time, spatial distribution and yield is well developed, as are methods to generate specific radicals in known concentrations and to monitor their reactions directly. Intense clinical interest in the 1980s in hypoxic cell radiosensitizers, developed from radiation chemical studies, has waned, but the goal of eliminating hypoxic radioresistance remains attractive. Nitric oxide may be more important than oxygen in determining hypoxic radiosensitivity, and radiation chemistry provides the tools to understand the mechanisms and the limitations of in vitro models. Imaging hypoxia in tumours relies heavily on free radical chemistry and radiolysis methods to understand the mechanistic basis for diagnostic agents. Quantitation of the chemical reactivity of free radicals is a cornerstone of radiation chemistry via the language, concepts and mathematics of chemical kinetics, which are equally applicable to understanding the molecular pathways in radiobiology.

  18. 78 FR 60698 - Safety Zone, Lucas Oil Drag Boat Racing Series; Thompson Bay, Lake Havasu City, AZ.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-02

    ... issue a rule without prior notice and opportunity to comment when the agency for good cause finds that... rulemaking (NPRM) with respect to this rule because the logistical details of the Lucas Oil Drag Boat Racing... 13, 2013. (c) Definitions. The following definition applies to this section: designated...

  19. The Training of the Battalion Staff Intelligence Officer: A Descriptive Analysis and Sample Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-11-01

    the fundamental skills and expertise required to perform their jobs ( Thompson , Thompson , Pleban, & Valentine, 1991; Goldsmith & Hodges, 1987). Staff...Staff training analysis by Thompson & Thompson (Dec 8, 1992) has revealed systemic training deficiencies. Surveys of Armor Officer Advanced Course...under demanding CTC conditions and stated the need for home station training with equally demanding conditions ( Thompson , Thompson , Pleban, & Valentine

  20. Gluck's" Dance of the Blessed Spirits": Not Just a "Familiar" Melody%格鲁克"精灵之舞":不只是支"烂熟"旋律

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨健

    2008-01-01

    @@ 引言 对于很多音乐爱好者来说,格鲁克这个名字差不多就是与那段脍炙人口的d小调旋律联系在一起的①(尽管圈内人士似乎更喜欢津津乐道于他对歌剧改革等方面的贡献).

  1. The Effects of Verbal, Vocally Modeled, Kinesthetic, and Audio-Visual Treatment Conditions on Male and Female Middle-School Vocal Music Students' Abilities to Expressively Sing Melodies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebie, Brian D.

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to determine whether there were significant differences in male or female middle-school students' ability to appropriately convey the emotions of happiness, sadness, anger, and fear while singing musical passages within the context of four treatment situations. Four treatment methodologies were designed to identify…

  2. 献给昆山的新曲:昆山文化艺术中心%THE NEW MELODY DEDICATED TO KUNSHAN: KUNSHAN CULTURE AND ARTS CENTER

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何咏梅

    2012-01-01

    Kunshan is located in the south of China and abundant with rivers and lakes. The design of the culture and arts center is inspired by the Kunqu opera and lotus, which gives the building new cultural meanings. The paper introduces the design idea and innovation in the aspects of conception, planning, space, forms, greening and etc.%昆山地处江南水箱,文化艺术中心的设计构想源于这片秀美多情的土地。昆曲和并蒂莲,激发了更多的创作灵感,赋予建筑新的文化内涵。本文从概念构思、规划布局、空间创意、形态塑造、绿色创新等方面解析昆山文化艺术中心的设计理念及创新。

  3. Economic impact of healthcare resource utilisation patterns among patients diagnosed with advanced melanoma in the United Kingdom, Italy, and France: results from a retrospective, longitudinal survey (MELODY study).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, K; Levy, A R; Lorigan, P; Maio, M; Lebbe, C; Middleton, M; Testori, A; Bédane, C; Konto, C; Dueymes, A; Sbarigia, U; van Baardewijk, M

    2012-09-01

    To describe patterns of healthcare resource utilisation and associated costs for patients with advanced melanoma in the United Kingdom (UK), Italy, and France. For patients receiving systemic treatment, or supportive care, data describing hospitalisations, hospice care, and outpatient visits were retrieved retrospectively from advanced disease diagnosis as part of a multicountry observational study. Costs were estimated by multiplying utilisation level by unit cost. In an exploratory analysis, costs were compared between individuals who died within one year of initiating first-line treatment (short-term survivors) and those with ≥ 1 year follow-up (long-term survivors). Hospitalisation costs were highest in France (€6262 per-person compared with €3225 in the UK and €2486 in Italy), reflecting higher rates of hospitalisation. In contrast, outpatient costs were highest in the UK (€782 per-person, compared with €115 in France and €72 in Italy), reflecting the highest rate and frequency of outpatient visits and the highest cost per visit. Hospitalisation rates were consistently higher during supportive care compared with systemic therapy. Roughly one-third of patients entered clinical trials and were not included in the analysis. In exploratory analysis, total costs were generally higher for long-term survivors, but monthly per-patient costs were generally lower for long-term survivors, consistent with a hypothesis that resource utilisation and costs do not necessarily increase proportionally with extended survival. Total costs associated with resource utilisation for advanced melanoma patients varied across countries. Overall cost differences were due to differences in frequency and intensity of utilisation patterns and variation in unit costs of health resources. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  4. Research on Sailim Sanam Melody of Maxirap in Baicheng%拜城民间麦西来甫曲调赛里木赛乃姆探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阿布都克力木·吾斯曼齐满

    2011-01-01

    赛乃姆做为维吾尔传统音乐体裁中的一个分支,是集歌、舞、乐为一体的艺术形式。而拜城麦西来甫套曲赛里木赛乃姆在维吾尔民族音乐研究中又是一个还没有被挖掘、研究的领域。它是由六个套曲组成,由“赛乃姆”和“咚拍得”节奏型贯穿始终的歌舞音乐,也被称为婚礼赛乃姆。%As a branch of Uygur traditional music,Sanam is an artistic form combined songs ,dance with music. Sailim Sanam of Maxirap in Baicheng has not been exploited and researched in the research of Uygur traditional music.It consists of six song cycles and Sanam and Donpaid throughout the whole music, so it is also called wedding Sanam.

  5. 拜伦的《希伯来歌曲》与《圣经》%Byron's Hebrew Melodies and the Bible

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁工

    2001-01-01

    抒情诗集的大部分篇章取材于,是拜伦借鉴古代题材为现实服务的成功范例.这批诗歌体现出"拜伦式英雄"的英雄气概和悲观绝望色彩,对欧洲各国的民族解放运动示以深切的同情,并对侵略压迫和专制暴政进行了严厉抨击.

  6. Melody's Generation and Its Relation to Language%旋律的产生及其与语言的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖胜京

    2004-01-01

    旋律的产生与语言产生前的语调有关,旋律虽然起源于语言产生之前的语调,但语言产生之后的语调则又给予旋律的发展以更多、更为深刻的影响.许多音乐爱好者,他们靠的就是借助于对语言中的语调、语速、句幅的理解以及对音与音之间关系的稳定度和协和度变化的感受能力.为此我们可以说,旋律就是美化了的语言,说得更准确些旋律就是美化了的语调.

  7. The effect of MELatOnin on Depression, anxietY, cognitive function and sleep disturbances in patients with breast cancer. The MELODY trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Melissa Voigt; Madsen, Michael Tvilling; Hageman, Ida

    2012-01-01

    to morbidity and mortality. Melatonin is a regulatory circadian hormone having, among others, a hypnotic and an antidepressive effect. It has very low toxicity and very few adverse effects compared with the more commonly used antidepressants and hypnotics. Methods and analysis The objective of this double......-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial is to investigate whether treatment with oral melatonin has a prophylactic or ameliorating effect on depressive symptoms, anxiety, sleep disturbances and cognitive dysfunction in women with breast cancer. Furthermore, the authors will examine whether a specific clock...

  8. North Pacific Ocean. Tradewind Region East of Hawaii, R/V Thomas G. Thompson: 25 September - 1 November 1972. STD Data Report,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    3464. 6.3 9430 59I 4.35 4604 8*43 2.29 11.31 27.200 Is30 373 111 0114.5 3464.4 1.91 85 0 968.7 4.640 4.1113 SO 464 BY 09 83 697 27.133 07 7 17 ISO ...475 27002 8 410 270 024 21723 24 94 109 a 6 1 0 1467 4 2 64 2748 34.76 7 a a 403 27 2 8 0 21620 2164 6 2392 0 18 STATION 19 LAY A 3-2110 01 LM 13 10V...1240 0 1280 0 226 S. ISO 34 49 27 474 a8.215 27 460 6965 197680 107414A 1498.8 2.7 1260 1849.6 S6196 S8106 04008 27 47q 88069 27 470 69 1 296W4 10898

  9. 一种实现Thompson算法的新方法%A New Method of Realizing Thompson algorithm in Lexical Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄贤英; 陈薇薇

    2009-01-01

    介绍了Thompson算法的基本思想,提出一种利用算符优先关系表来实现Thompson算法的方法,以实现正规式到有穷自动机的转换.描述了算法的解决思路、算符优先表的生成和NFA的表示.算法测试表明,该方法可以大大简化算法的实现,提高编译程序的工作效率.

  10. Dr. H. Thompson Was Appointed to the CSO in Blue Coat%H.Thompson博士任Blue Coat首席安全战略官

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Blue Coat系统公司任命Hugh Thompson博士担任高级副总裁兼首席安全战略官。Thompson博士是安全行业的泰斗级人物,曾联合撰写了三本著作,并出版超过80期学术及行业刊物,均与信息安全相关。在新的职位上,他将关注于Blue Coat愿景调整,使其产品实施符合市场要求。Thompson博士将向公司总裁兼首席运营官David Murphy汇报。

  11. 复杂样本Horvitz-Thompson估计量的权数计算%Weights in Horvitz-Thompson statistic for complex samples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛禾生; 杨功焕

    2000-01-01

    目前国内进行的调查大都采用复杂抽样方案,但在分析时却常常采用只适用于简单随机样本的一般方法.本文论述了这样做可能产生的问题,同时介绍了用于复杂样本情形的Horvitz-Thompson估计量及改进的权数,并通过实例说明了计算方法及其合理性.

  12. North Pacific Ocean. Subarctic Front Central Pacific, R/V Thomas G. Thompson: 8 September - 9 October 1975. CTD Data Report,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    39 27 144 32 333 27 340 96 4 9 Y9 3783 2 3474 6 7 66 2 654 4 3 SI 3 534 34 :47 27 355 3C 2:3 2’ ISO 95 5 9 943 3929 5 1474 7 7 5 6𔃿 2 669 3 3 546 3 5...2- 1 35" 1 4’ 34 4𔃿 27 52’ 34 254 7 5? 63 7 5 343 13485 : 483 2 𔃾 . = . T4 , 2 3’ 7 2’ : 5 4 4𔄂 2’ 53! 34 322 2’ 513 52 ’ 71 436 132:6 5 1483 4 3...531 1526 4,597 547.7 1483.6 21 7 225 0 223 6 7 427 7.406 33.984 26.562 27588 26 559 ISO 1 4.824 617 9 1483.0 17 8 240 0 236.5 7.254 7.232 33.987

  13. Effect of the surfactant Tween 80 on the detachment and dispersal of Salmonella enterica Thompson single cells and aggregates from cilantro leaves as revealed by image analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biofilms formed by human enteric pathogens on plants are a great concern to the produce industry. Salmonella enterica has the ability to form biofilms and large aggregates on leaf surfaces, including on cilantro leaves. Aggregates that remained attached after rigorous washing of cilantro leaves and ...

  14. An Old and Reliable Authority: An Act for the Preservation of American Antiquities, by Raymond Harris Thompson, with contributions by Ronald Freeman Lee and George Alexander Grant, 2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan E. Reyman

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available "An old and reliable authority" is how George Benjamin Hartzog, Director of the National Park Service (1964-1972, characterized the Antiquities Act of 1906. And it has been quite a reliable authority - and a remarkable one. Since its inception presidents have used it to establish 36 historic areas as national monuments and 51 natural areas; special acts of Congress have authorized another 28 national monuments (pp.251-253. President Theodore Roosevelt signed the Antiquities Act Bill into law on June 8, 1906 (p. 241. Just 22 days later, on June 30 1906, Roosevelt signed the bill to establish Mesa Verde National Park, the first national park specifically created to protect antiquities (p. 243. The Antiquities Act of 1906 also served as the basis for later federal legislation, e.g., Historic Sites Act of 1935, the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, the 1979 Archaeological Resources Protection Act, and the creation of National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings in 1957 (pp. 193, 3 1 6.

  15. North Pacific Ocean. Subtropical Front North of Hawaii, R/V Thomas G. Thompson: 7 January - 10 February 1974. CTD Data Report,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    1478.9 56 9 00 9313 3 229 3 139 34 345 27 347 31.926 27.341 79 3 13.490 SM 5 1470.9 6 3 100S.0 996.1 3 :94 3 125 34 356 27.360 32.006 27 353 78,2...P072611 SI§ EA -Z S1OIA-y SP VOL ANi DYi MyT TV SV U-2 DO N C C 0/00 IIC/P..3 9C/N-3 94/lh68 N..8KC J/lC M.3/So.2 N/S 10..6/S-.2 .0 .0 22.54 22.66 I5I 60...23.0 24.0 25.0 26.0 2. 25 c20 EA - Z 10 0 5 32.0 33.0 34.0 35.0 SALINITY 398 STATION 150 LAT 29-44.0 N LONG 166-30.0 V DATE 30 JAN 1974 0 500 S1000 1500

  16. Ensaios sobre a metodologia do estudo da influência de três herbicidas em Spirodela punctata (G.F.W. Meyer Thompson (Lemnaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Durvalina Maria Mathias dos Santos

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho visa conhecer a taxa de multiplicação e o índice de mortalidade de S. punctata a diversas concentrações do butaclora, propanila e glifosato bem como comparar dois métodos diferentes de investigações (ensaio 1 e 2. Os dados indicaram que no ensaio 1 as concentrações foram pouco tóxicas provocando baixos índices de mortalidade embora tenha ocorrido inibição do crescimento nas concentrações mais fortes. O ensaio 2 mostrou que a butaclora e a propanila são mais tóxicas que o glifosato, com valores de mortalidade de 100% em apenas 48 horas. A taxa de multiplicação, neste ensaio, somente foi determinada para o glifosato, pois os demais herbicidas foram altamente tóxicos para a espécie. Verificou-se, na comparação dos dois métodos diferentes, que os recipientes utilizados no ensaio 2 foram mais adequados ao cultivo da espécie e que os efeitos tóxicos devem ser observados em frondes consideradas individualmente e não em plantas inteiras.The present work looks for a knowledge of multiplícate rate and mortality index of. S. punctata to several concentrations of butachlor, propanil and gliphosate as well as to compare two different methods. On essay 1 the concentrations were a little toxic provoking low index of mortality in spite of it has occured inhibition of increasing on stronger concentrations. The essay 2 showed what, the butachlor and the propanil are more toxics than the gliphosate, with values of mortality of 100% in only 48 hours. The multiplícate rate, on this essay, was only determinated to the gliphosate, because the other herbicides were highly toxic to the species. It was checked on the comparation of the two different methods the posts used on essay 2 were more appropriate to the cultive specie and the toxic effects must be observated on considered individualy and not on whole plants.

  17. Flood-plain delineation for Occoquan River, Wolf Run, Sandy Run, Elk Horn Run, Giles Run, Kanes Creek, Racoon Creek, and Thompson Creek, Fairfax County, Virginia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soule, Pat LeRoy

    1978-01-01

    Water-surface profiles of the 25-, 50-, and 100-year recurrence interval discharges have been computed for all streams and reaches of channels in Fairfax County, Virginia, having a drainage area greater than 1 square mile except for Dogue Creek, Little Hunting Creek, and that portion of Cameron Run above Lake Barcroft. Maps having a 2-foot contour interval and a horizontal scale of 1 inch equals 100 feet were used for base on which flood boundaries were delineated for 25-, 50-, and 100-year floods to be expected in each basin under ultimate development conditions. This report is one of a series and presents a discussion of techniques employed in computing discharges and profiles as well as the flood profiles and maps on which flood boundaries have been delineated for the Occoquan River and its tributaries within Fairfax County and those streams on Mason Neck within Fairfax County tributary to the Potomac River. (Woodard-USGS)

  18. On the occurrence of Carcinus maenas (Linnaeus) and its parasite Sacculina carcini Thompson in Burma, with notes on the transport of crabs to new localities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boschma, H.

    1972-01-01

    From time to time crabs have been found in localities at great distances from their normal area of distribution, owing to their being transported by ships in ballast water tanks or on the hulls. Much attention has been paid to a report by Catta (1876), who examined the Crustacea taken from the hull

  19. Functional anatomy of the ovipositor clip in the parasitoid Leptopilina heterotoma (Thompson) (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae): a structure to grip escaping host larvae.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lenteren, van J.C.; Isidoro, N.; Bin, F.

    1998-01-01

    Observations on the host attack behaviour of the parasitoid Leptopilina heterotoma (Hymenoptera : Eucoilidae) led to the supposition that this wasp should possess a structure on its ovipositor by which it can hold a host larvae in a fixed position until the larva is paralyzed. The ovipositor was stu

  20. High-gain thompson-scattering X-ray free-electron laser by time-synchronic laterally tilted optical wave

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, Chao; Tang, Chuanxiang; Wu, Juhao

    2017-05-09

    An improved optical undulator for use in connection with free electron radiation sources is provided. A tilt is introduced between phase fronts of an optical pulse and the pulse front. Two such pulses in a counter-propagating geometry overlap to create a standing wave pattern. A line focus is used to increase the intensity of this standing wave pattern. An electron beam is aligned with the line focus. The relative angle between pulse front and phase fronts is adjusted such that there is a velocity match between the electron beam and the overlapping optical pulses along the line focus. This allows one to provide a long interaction length using short and intense optical pulses, thereby greatly increasing the radiation output from the electron beam as it passes through this optical undulator.