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Sample records for gravide kvinder med

  1. Kvinder indlagt med svær præeklampsi efterlyser sammenhæng

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenshøj, Jette; Aagaard, Hanne

    2014-01-01

    Præeklampsi rammer 2-5 % af alle gravide i Danmark. Sygdommen kan udvikle sig alvorligt og eneste behandling er forløsning af det ofte præmature barn. Kvinder med svær præeklampsi gennemlever psykologisk stress, og de er samtidig i risiko for en efterfødselsreaktion. Formålet med studiet er......, at undersøge kvinders oplevelse og vurdering af den stress, der kan være forbundet med indlæggelse med svær præeklampsi. Studiet er baseret på interview med tre kvinder efter indlæggelse med svær præeklampsi. Benner og Wrubels forståelse af stress er anvendt som teoretisk ramme for udarbejdelse af...... forskningsspørgsmål. Data er analyseret og fortolket ved brug af indholdsanalyse. Følgende fire temaer er generet: Tryghed- utryghed, Moderrollen som stressende eller helbredende, Manglende kontrol, Behov for at blive lyttet til. Samlet beskriver studiet at utryghed i akutte situationer, en ændret moderrolle og...

  2. Body image hos mastektomiopererede kvinder, med og uden rekonstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorup, Charlotte Brun; Gregersen, Anette Møller; Damgaard, Helle

    2012-01-01

    Baggrund: I Danmark er incidensen for brystkræft ca. 5.000 årligt. Kvinder, der er mastektomiopereret, risikerer ubalance i body image. De kan føle sig amputeret, lemlæstede, mindre kvindelige og mindre seksuelt attraktive. De kan frygte at se sig selv i spejlet. De kan opleve, at kroppen ikke er...... hel. Mange undersøgelser er kvantitative og kun få har undersøgt kvindernes oplevelse af body image kvalitativt. Formål: At opnå indsigt i danske mastektomiopererede kvinders oplevelse af body image, med fokus på den akutte fase samt år efter operationen, hvor beslutningen om valg eller fravalg af...... rekonstruktion var taget. Metode: Undersøgelsen var fænomenologisk hermeneutisk, idet hensigten var at opnå indsigt i kvinders oplevelser af body image relateret til mastektomi. Fund: Undersøgelsen resulterede i tre temaer, der følger Bob Price begreber. Kropsrealiteten viste sig som ”en krop, der ikke var hel...

  3. Hvordan håndterer kvinder med reumatoid artrit sygdom, moderskab og arbejdsliv?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feddersen, Helle

    2017-01-01

    . I Studie 2B blev der fortaget deltagerobservationer og efterfølgende interviews i forbindelse med 10 af kvindernes fremmøde i planlagte ambulante sygeplejekonsultationer. Goffmans begrebsapparat vedrørende sociale roller, identitet, stigma, front- og backstage blev anvendt i en abduktiv fortolkning......Baggrund Reumatoid artrit (RA) er en kronisk, inflammatorisk sygdom, der forekommer 3 gange hyppigere hos kvinder end hos mænd. Sygdommen kan medføre hævede, stive og smertende led samt begrænsninger i forhold til fysisk udfoldelse, deltagelse i det sociale liv og nedsat psykisk velvære. Kvinder...

  4. Hvordan håndterer kvinder med reumatoid artrit sygdom, moderskab og arbejdsliv?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feddersen, Helle

    2017-01-01

    interaktioner med sygeplejersker i ambulante sygeplejekonsultationer. Forskningsspørgsmål 1. Hvilken forståelse kan udledes af forskningslitteraturen om, hvordan kvinder med RA håndterer sygdom, moderskab og arbejdsliv? 2. Hvordan håndterer kvinder med RA sygdom, moderskab og arbejdsliv i deres hverdag? 3....... Hvordan kommer kvindernes forståelse af håndtering af sygdom, moderskab og arbejdsliv til udtryk i interaktioner med sygeplejersker i den ambulante opfølgning? Metode Forskningsspørgsmål 1 blev søgt besvaret på baggrund af et systematisk litteratur review og metasyntese (Studie 1) og forskningsspørgsmål 2....... I Studie 2B blev der fortaget deltagerobservationer og efterfølgende interviews i forbindelse med 10 af kvindernes fremmøde i planlagte ambulante sygeplejekonsultationer. Goffmans begrebsapparat vedrørende sociale roller, identitet, stigma, front- og backstage blev anvendt i en abduktiv fortolkning...

  5. Mindfulness som smertehåndteringsredskab for kvinder med endometriose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Mette Kold; Vedsted-Hansen, Hanne; Hansen, Tia G. B.

    2011-01-01

    Endometriose er en kronisk underlivssygdom med smerter og en række afledte problemer, som ikke nødvendigvis kan behandles med lægelige tiltag. Artiklen argumenterer for, at en mindfulness-baseret tilgang med fokus på smertehåndtering kan anvendes til denne klientgruppe. I vestlig terapeutisk samm...

  6. Italienske kvinder falder for fysik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Carsten

    2008-01-01

    I Danmark har vi vanskeligt ved at få kvinder til at studere fysik. Det har de ikke i Italien. DPU-forskere koordinerer et internationalt forskningsprojekt, som ? i en sammenligning med Italien ? forklarer danske kvinders fravalg af forskerkarrierer i fysik. Udgivelsesdato: april 2008...

  7. Behandling med acetylsalicylsyre kan forebygge præeklampsi hos gravide kvinder i højrisiko

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Käehne, Line Vedel; Lundin, Ingeborg Christina Rørbye

    2017-01-01

    Pre-eclampsia is a major contributor to perinatal morbidity and mortality. Large studies of high-risk pregnant women have shown reduced risk of developing pre-eclampsia when they are treated with low-dose acetylsalicylic acid in early pregnancy. Treatment is also effective in preventing...... of acetylsalicylic acid can be started early in pregnancy....

  8. Hverdagslivet som uformel omsorgsudøver med en partner med Parkinsons sygdom, – en interviewundersøgelse af kvinders erfaringer med omsorg og livskvalitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hounsgaard, Lise; Pedersen, B.; Wagner, L.

    2012-01-01

    Formål: At undersøge de levede erfaringer for kvindelige partnere til hjemmeboende patienter med Parkinsons sygdom. Baggrund: Det er kendt, at hverdagslivet med en partner med Parkinsons sygdom indebærer radikale omvæltninger i familien, især for den kvindelige partner. Metode: En fænomenologisk......-hermeneutisk metode blev anvendt. I 2008 gennemførtes interview med kvindelige partnere (N = 10) til hjemmeboende patienter med Parkinsons sygdom. Den franske filosof Ricoeurs teori om fortolkning blev anvendt i analysen af data. Konklusion: Undersøgelsen viste, at livet sammen med en partner med Parkinsons sygdom...

  9. Forebyggende helbredsundersøgelser af gravide kvinder i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, F B; Andersen, K V; Andersen, A M

    1989-01-01

    staff who described an antenatal examination of a woman with an at risk pregnancy, 61% were consultants or senior registrars and 49% were specialists. The commonest goal for postgraduate training where non-specialists were concerned was general practice. Supervision in one form or another was possible...

  10. Strategier til rygeafvænning blandt gravide kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wisborg, Kirsten; Obel, Carsten; Henriksen, Tine Brink

    1994-01-01

    to intervene. We reviewed the Scandinavian and English randomized controlled intervention studies directed towards smoking cessation during pregnancy. The intervention studies were classified according to the method of intervention namely antismoking advice, self-help manuals, measurements of smoking dependent...

  11. Skal kvinder afsone i kvindefængsler?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Carsten

    2015-01-01

    Overalt i verden er kvinderne i markant mindretal i fængslerne. Også i Danmark. Til gengæld adskiller vi os fra stort set alle andre lande ved at lade kvinder afsone sammen med mænd. Skal det fortsætte sådan, eller skal vi kønsopdele fængslerne? Få DPU-forsker Charlotte Mathiassens analyse....

  12. Obstetriske komplikationer hos kvinder med endometriose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Janne Foss; Hartwell, Dorthe; Langhoff-Roos, Jens

    2014-01-01

    Approximately 5-10% of the women in the reproductive age are afflicted with endometriosis and many become pregnant after fertility treatment. Women with endometriosis seem to have an increased risk of placental complications, bleeding in pregnancy and during labour as well as possible increased...... risk of pre-eclampsia, preterm birth and low birthweight. Large epidemiological studies are needed to clarify the magnitude of these risks in order to define the appropriate level of proactive management of pregnant women with endometriosis....

  13. Obstetriske komplikationer hos kvinder med endometriose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Janne Foss; Hartwell, Dorthe; Langhoff-Roos, Jens

    2014-01-01

    Approximately 5-10% of the women in the reproductive age are afflicted with endometriosis and many become pregnant after fertility treatment. Women with endometriosis seem to have an increased risk of placental complications, bleeding in pregnancy and during labour as well as possible increased r...... risk of pre-eclampsia, preterm birth and low birthweight. Large epidemiological studies are needed to clarify the magnitude of these risks in order to define the appropriate level of proactive management of pregnant women with endometriosis....

  14. Medicinsk teknologivurdering af akupunktur til gravide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feenstra, Maria Monberg; Johansen, Marianne; Sørensen, Lisbeth Falborg

    -, organisatorisk- og økonomisk perspektiv. Metode: Der blev udarbejdet en medicinsk teknologivurdering (MTV). En alsidig og systematisk litteraturgennemgang af akupunkturbehandling til gravide med emesis/hyperemesis gravidarum, bækkenrelaterede smerter eller depression/angst blev udført. Den udvalgte litteratur...... behandlingen udføres korrekt af TCM-uddannet sundhedspersonale. Undersøgelser har vist høj patienttilfredshed blandt gravide ved akupunkturbehandling. Økonomiske beregninger dokumenterer, at akupunktur er et billigt behandlingstilbud. Konsekvenser for praksis: Det anbefales, at tilbyde gravide med emesis/hyperemesis...... gravidarum akupunkturbehandling. Udvalgt sundhedspersonale skal uddannes til at give behandlingen, og der bør tilstræbes kontinuitet i behandlingsforløbet. Yderligere studier, der undersøger evidensen for behandling af bækkenrelaterede smerter og depression/angst med akupunktur, anbefales....

  15. Stærke kvinder uden duft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Tem Frank

    2013-01-01

    Kulturhistoriske kan vi finde flere eksempler på renselsesritualer, hvor man søger at vaske ”det urene” væk, eller fjerne den mistænkelige stank af ondskab. Den unge kvinde i reklamen er præcist i gang med et af vore moderne renselsesritualer: Fitness! Gennem kropslig bevægelse søger vi at fjerne...... de onde stoffer, som truer ikke blot vores figur, men også vores kredsløb. Desværre har vi det med at komme til at svede, når vi bevæger os så hektisk. Selvfølgelig er mennesker forskellige, og både mænd og kvinder kan svede rigtigt meget. Og det kedelige ved sveden er, at den får os til at lugte. Så...... mens vi forsøger at kontrollere vores krop (vores ontologiske tilstand), så skaber vi en ny risiko: Stanken....

  16. Stjerneroller med stort K

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Redvall, Eva Novrup

    2017-01-01

    Der er langt mellem de spændende roller til kvinder over 40 i amerikansk film og tv. Det har flere kvindelige filmstjerner før og nu arbejdet aktivt på at ændre ved at søsætte egne projekter. To vellykkede eksempler på det kan for tiden ses på HBO i 'Big Little Lies' med Reese Witherspoon og Nico...

  17. Gravid med spontan ruptur af arteria uterina

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jònsdòttir, Fjòla; Pinborg, Anja; Wilken-Jensen, Charlotte

    2014-01-01

    Pregnant women with acute abdominal pain are a clinical challenge. We present a rare but potential life-threatening condition of a pregnant woman with acute abdominal pain. The woman was in gestational week 37 with severe abdominal pain and was admitted to the labour ward. She became haemo-dynami...

  18. Kvinders smag for mænd, mænds smag for kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wøldike, Morten Emmerik

    2007-01-01

    Heteronormativitet og hierarkiske dikotomier: mænd over kvinder, hetero over homo, normal over queer udgør det sparsomme begrebsrepertoire i de dominerende fortællinger om heteroseksualitet i den danske køns- og seksualitetsforskning. Her promoveres en alternativ videnskabelig historie i det senm...

  19. Multipel graviditet hos kvinder med korrigeret Steno-Fallots tetralogi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lia Mendes; Pedersen, Thais Andreas Bjerregaard; Herskind, Anne Maria

    2008-01-01

    Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic heart disease accounting for 5 to 8% of all cases of congenital heart disease. In a cohort of women with corrected Tetralogy of Fallot, followed concerning fertility and pregnancy outcome, we observed two cases of uncomplicated multiple pregnancies...

  20. Forebyggende helbredsundersøgelser af gravide kvinder i Danmark. Almindelige helbredsgener i svangerskabet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindenskov, Lena; Kristensen, F B; Andersen, A M

    1994-01-01

    on questionnaires completed by pregnant women who had seen a general practitioner (GP), midwife or hospital doctor for prenatal care. Ailments and advice in connection with one specific visit were reported. The questionnaires were completed by 517 women after a prenatal visit to their GP (92% of eligible), by 514......The study was conducted in order to describe the extent and content of advice on common ailments in pregnancy given by doctor or midwife during prenatal visits and to describe the frequency of ailments in the period before the visits. The design was a nationwide cross-sectional study based...... women after a prenatal visit to the midwife (91% of eligible), and by 203 women after a prenatal visit to a doctor in the maternity department in pregnancy week 16-18 (84% of eligible). The results showed that nausea, pollakisuria, tiredness and heartburn had been present during the period before...

  1. Forebyggende helbredsundersøgelser af gravide kvinder i Danmark. Struktur og tilrettelaeggelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, K V; Kristensen, F B; Andersen, A M

    1989-01-01

    In Denmark, pregnant women are offered antenatal care in a nationwide programme. This programme is organized around health examinations in general practice, midwives centres and hospital outpatient departments. During the winter 1986/87 a nationwide investigation of antenatal care was carried out...... of pregnancy. 25% of the places for examination by midwives were outside hospitals, which, according to the guidelines for antenatal care, do not entirely fulfill the intentions concerning situation in the patient's immediate surroundings. All of the obstetric departments offered routine examinations in the 16...

  2. Forebyggende helbredsundersøgelser af gravide kvinder i Danmark. Almindelige helbredsgener i svangerskabet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindenskov, Lena; Kristensen, F B; Andersen, A M

    1994-01-01

    The study was conducted in order to describe the extent and content of advice on common ailments in pregnancy given by doctor or midwife during prenatal visits and to describe the frequency of ailments in the period before the visits. The design was a nationwide cross-sectional study based...... women after a prenatal visit to the midwife (91% of eligible), and by 203 women after a prenatal visit to a doctor in the maternity department in pregnancy week 16-18 (84% of eligible). The results showed that nausea, pollakisuria, tiredness and heartburn had been present during the period before...... professionals about the ailments, and most often they wanted to talk to a midwife about the ailments. We conclude that common ailments of pregnancy are frequent and they should be investigated more. Nearly all pregnant women want to talk about the subject during prenatal visits. The objectives of giving advice...

  3. Forebyggende helbredsundersøgelser af gravide kvinder i Danmark. Struktur og tilrettelaeggelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, K V; Kristensen, F B; Andersen, A M

    1989-01-01

    of pregnancy. 25% of the places for examination by midwives were outside hospitals, which, according to the guidelines for antenatal care, do not entirely fulfill the intentions concerning situation in the patient's immediate surroundings. All of the obstetric departments offered routine examinations in the 16...

  4. Har sundhedsstyrelsens ændrede retningslinier om alkohol i graviditeten ændret gravide kvinders alkoholforbrug?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Olsen, Jørn; Grønbæk, Morten

    2001-01-01

    BACKGROUND: In March 1999, the National Board of Health changed its recommendations about alcohol drinking in pregnancy. A "No drinking" policy was changed to three recommendations: 1. Avoid, as far as possible, alcohol in pregnancy; 2. Never take more than one drink a day; and 3. Do not drink...

  5. Har sundhedsstyrelsens ændrede retningslinier om alkohol i graviditeten ændret gravide kvinders alkoholforbrug?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Olsen, Jørn; Grønbæk, Morten

    2001-01-01

    .12). The proportion of women having one or more binge episode (e.g. drinking five or more drink at one occasion) was 26.7 vs 27.4 (p = 0.65). CONCLUSION: The study showed no significant changes in drinking habits among Danish pregnant women after relaxation of the guidelines for sensible drinking during pregnancy......BACKGROUND: In March 1999, the National Board of Health changed its recommendations about alcohol drinking in pregnancy. A "No drinking" policy was changed to three recommendations: 1. Avoid, as far as possible, alcohol in pregnancy; 2. Never take more than one drink a day; and 3. Do not drink...... alcohol every day. AIM: By means of data from the Danish National Birth Cohort, to monitor changes in pregnant women's reporting of alcohol drinking before and after the change in policy. METHODS: From October 1, 1997, to September 30, 1999, a total of 30,899 pregnant women were interviewed by the end...

  6. At leve med osteoporose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Carrinna; Abrahamsen, Bo; Konradsen, Hanne

    Baggrund: Livet med kronisk sygdom, heriblandt osteoporose, giver anledning til verdensomspændende udfordringer. Osteoporose er ofte en usynlig tilstand før knoglebrud opstår, det er anslået, at hver tredje kvinde og en af fire mænd over 50 år i Europa vil opleve disse typer af knoglebrud og det...... med betydelig sygelighed og dødelighed til følge. At leve med en kronisk tilstand påvirker ofte menneskets livssituation, både specifikt, emotionelt og eksistentielt, hvordan dette opleves er individuelt og det er endnu uklart hvordan osteoporose påvirker den enkeltes livssituation. Formål: At opnå en...... dybere forståelse af livet med osteoporose ved at undersøge ny-diagnosticerede kvinders erfaringer med at leve med osteoporose når medicinsk behandling med henblik på frakturforebyggelse var ordineret. Metode: Et kvalitativt studie med en fænomenologisk-hermeneutisk tilgang, samt et longitudinelt design...

  7. Use of antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy and risk of spontaneous abortion and stillbirth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Bodil Hammer; Kjaersgaard, Maiken Ina Siegismund; Pedersen, Henrik Søndergaard

    2014-01-01

    Dette studie undersøger, om brugen af antiepileptika under graviditeten kan øge risikoen for spontan abort eller dødfødsel. Resultaterne viser, at 16 ud af 100 gravide kvinder, som brugte antiepileptika, mistede fostret ved en spontan abort, mens det kun var 13 ud af 100 gravide kvinder, som ikke...... brugte antileptika. Der var dog forskel på, om de kvinder, der valgte at bruge antiepileptika under graviditeten, var diagnosticeret med epilepsi eller ej. I analyser alene af kvinder med epilepsi var der ingen forskel i risikoen for spontan abort, når kvinder, der indtog medicin i graviditeten, blev...... sammenlignet med kvinder, der ikke indtog medicin. Hos kvinder uden epilepsi havde de, der indtog medicin, en 30 % øget risiko for spontan abort sammenlignet med dem, der ikke indtog medicin. Forskellen kan måske forklares ved manglende kontrol for andre risikofaktorer (confounding). Analyserne tager højde...

  8. Kontinuerlig glukosemonitorering kan have betydning hos gravide med diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anne Bjerrum; Secher, Anna L; Damm, Peter

    2011-01-01

    In this review the use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in pregnancy complicated by type 1 and type 2 diabetes is examined. Fourteen relevant articles were identified. Observational studies demonstrated that CGM was feasible during pregnancy without severe side effects. One randomised contr...

  9. Kontinuerlig glukosemonitorering kan have betydning hos gravide med diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Anne Bjerrum; Secher, Anna L; Damm, Peter

    2011-01-01

    In this review the use of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in pregnancy complicated by type 1 and type 2 diabetes is examined. Fourteen relevant articles were identified. Observational studies demonstrated that CGM was feasible during pregnancy without severe side effects. One randomised contr...... controlled trial resulted in improved metabolic control and reduced risk of macrosomia in women randomised to CGM. Future studies on the use of CGM in pregnancy are awaited with interest....

  10. Brystrekonstruktion med m. latissimus dorsi er et godt valg hos kvinder med brystkræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højvig, Jens B; Bonde, Christian T

    2015-01-01

    Breast reconstruction using autologous tissue is commonly used in breast cancer patients who have received radiation therapy. The use of a latissimus dorsi flap is a safe and viable alternative to the use of an abdominal flap. The cosmetic results are excellent but there is need for a better...... understanding of the donor-site morbidity in regard to potential loss of shoulder function. We believe that it is possible to improve the procedure through optimized surgical technique in combination with the implementation and the benefits of fast-track surgery....

  11. Brystrekonstruktion med m. latissimus dorsi er et godt valg hos kvinder med brystkræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højvig, Jens B; Bonde, Christian T

    2015-01-01

    Breast reconstruction using autologous tissue is commonly used in breast cancer patients who have received radiation therapy. The use of a latissimus dorsi flap is a safe and viable alternative to the use of an abdominal flap. The cosmetic results are excellent but there is need for a better unde...... understanding of the donor-site morbidity in regard to potential loss of shoulder function. We believe that it is possible to improve the procedure through optimized surgical technique in combination with the implementation and the benefits of fast-track surgery....

  12. Bækkenbundstræning til gravide og barslende kvinder--en gennemgang af et Cochrane-review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brostrøm, Søren; Due, Ulla; Lose, Gunnar

    2010-01-01

    Urinary and anal incontinence are prevalent in pregnant and parturient women. Pelvic floor muscle training is frequently employed for prevention and treatment. A recent Cochrane review is discussed. Fifteen studies with a total of 6,181 women were included. Pregnant women without urinary incontin...... incontinence experienced a reduction of the risk of developing urinary incontinence in later pregnancy or post partum. Peripartum patients with urinary and anal incontinence experienced a reduction of their symptoms following training....

  13. Kvinder, Køn og Forskning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Formålet med temanummeret er at få belyst intersektionalitet som begreb og dets aktuelle status i forskningen; hvilken form for afklaring kan begrebet føre til når udgangspunktet er empirisk - m.a.o.: hvor vidt, og i givet fald hvordan har begrebet intersektionalitet analytisk værdi?...

  14. Betydningen af PCOS og overvægt for svangerskabs- og fødselskomplikationer efter fertilitetsbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naver, Klara; Nilas, Lisbeth; Jørgensen, Finn Stener

    2013-01-01

    Et klinisk prospektivt multicenterstudie. Projektet består af prægravid karakteristik af kvinder med og uden polycystisk ovariesyndrom (PCOS) før de opstarter fertilitetsbehandling. Når deltagerne er blevet gravide følges de i graviditeten med ultralydskanninger og målinger af insulin resistens...

  15. Polycystic ovary syndrome, hyperandrogenemia, sex hormone-binding globulin, and risks of pregnancy complications in singleton pregnancies after assisted reproduction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naver, Klara

    2014-01-01

    Et klinisk prospektivt multicenterstudie. Projektet består af prægravid karakteristik af kvinder med og uden polycystisk ovariesyndrom (PCOS) før de opstarter fertilitetsbehandling. Når deltagerne er blevet gravide følges de i graviditeten med ultralydskanninger og målinger af insulin resistens, ...

  16. Large-Volume Gravid Traps Enhance Collection of Culex Vectors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popko, David A; Walton, William E

    2016-06-01

    Gravid mosquito collections were compared among several large-volume (infusion volume ≥35 liters) gravid trap designs and the small-volume (infusion volume  =  6 liters) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) gravid trap used routinely by vector control districts for vector and pathogen surveillance. The numbers of gravid Culex quinquefasciatus, Cx. tarsalis, and Cx. stigmatosoma collected by large gravid traps were greater than by the CDC gravid trap during nearly all overnight trials. Large-volume gravid traps collected on average 6.6-fold more adult female Culex mosquitoes compared to small-volume CDC gravid traps across 3 seasons during the 3 years of the studies. The differences in gravid mosquito collections between large-versus small-volume gravid traps were greatest during spring, when 8- to 56-fold more Culex individuals were collected using large-volume gravid traps. The proportion of gravid females in collections did not differ appreciably among the more effective trap designs tested. Important determinants of gravid trap performance were infusion container size and type as well as infusion volume, which determined the distance between the suction trap and the infusion surface. Of lesser importance for gravid trap performance were the number of suction traps, method of suction trap mounting, and infusion concentration. Fermentation of infusions between 1 and 4 wk weakly affected total mosquito collections, with Cx. stigmatosoma collections moderately enhanced by comparatively young and organically enriched infusions. A suction trap mounted above 100 liters of organic infusion housed in a 121-liter black plastic container collected the most gravid mosquitoes over the greatest range of experimental conditions, and a 35-liter infusion with side-mounted suction traps was a promising lesser-volume alternative design.

  17. Herniated Gravid Uterus: Clinical Course and Result of Treatment

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ANNALS

    Abstract. Herniated gravid uterus in an incisional hernia of the anterior abdominal wall is relatively rare. A 30- year-old house wife presented with a six month gravid uterus that had herniated through an incisional hernia of the anterior abdominal wall. She had non-operative management till term, when she then had elective ...

  18. Herniated Gravid Uterus: Clinical Course and Result of Treatment ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Herniated gravid uterus in an incisional hernia of the anterior abdominal wall is relatively rare. A 30-year-old house wife presented with a six month gravid uterus that had herniated through an incisional hernia of the anterior abdominal wall. She had non-operative management till term, when she then had elective lower ...

  19. Effekten af perkutan koronar intervention hos kvinder med iskæmisk hjertesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmvang, Lene; Mickley, Hans

    2007-01-01

    syndromes there is no evidence of gender differences regarding the benefit of primary PCI for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. However, several trials of unstable angina and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction indicate that compared with men, women do not get the same benefit...... of a routine, early, invasive treatment strategy. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-Jun-18...

  20. Diagnostik og behandling af kvinder med urin-inkontinens på danske gynaekologiske afdelinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vejtorp, M; Fischer-Rasmussen, W; Blaabjerg, J

    1990-01-01

    The routine practice in the diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence was investigated by means of a questionnaire to which all 32 departments replied. Miction charts were employed routinely in 17 departments and for selected patients in eight departments. Weighing of diapers was employed...... differences in the routine practices in Danish gynaecological departments in the diagnosis and treatment of utinary incontinence. This appears to be a suitable field for so called reference programmes....... in 13 departments for all patients investigated for incontinence, but only for selected patients in ten departments. Cystometry was employed in cases of stress-incontinence in 23 departments and in cases of urge-incontinence in 30 departments. As regards the choice of operative treatment, 22 departments...

  1. Diagnostik og behandling af kvinder med urin-inkontinens på danske gynaekologiske afdelinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vejtorp, M; Fischer-Rasmussen, W; Blaabjerg, J

    1990-01-01

    The routine practice in the diagnosis and treatment of urinary incontinence was investigated by means of a questionnaire to which all 32 departments replied. Miction charts were employed routinely in 17 departments and for selected patients in eight departments. Weighing of diapers was employed...

  2. Gene expression of T lymphocytes of gravid cows during preimplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yousuke Maeda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available An interaction between the conceptus and the immune system of animals is important during implantation. The aim of this study was to clarify the gene expression of T cell subsets in gravid cows during the preimplantation period. Peripheral blood from 14 Holstein dairy cows was taken 14 days after artificial insemination. Based on the gravidity, cows were divided into gravid (n = 8 and nongravid (n = 6 groups. Mononuclear cells from peripheral blood were stimulated with phytohaemagglutinin and then CD4+, CD8+, and WC1+ γδ T cell subsets were isolated using magnetic cell sorting. The expression of interferon γ, interleukin 4, and progesterone induced blocking factor were determined using real-time PCR. The expression of interleukin 4 and progesterone induced blocking factor was significantly higher in WC1+ γδ T cells from gravid cows. In addition, interleukin 4 expression in WC1+ γδ T cells from gravid cows was significantly higher than that in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells. This study describes for the first time the important role of WC1+ γδ T cells during the preimplantation period in cows.

  3. Effect of parity on endometrial glands in gravid rabbits | Pulei ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effect of parity on endometrial glands in gravid rabbits. ... Anatomy Journal of Africa ... Image J. Endometrial gland density was noted to decrease with a rise in parity such that the percentage proportion in the primigravid rabbit was 45% compared to that of 34% and 37.5% in the biparous and multiparous groups respectively.

  4. Blood metabolites of intensively reared gravid west African dwarf ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Blood metabolites of intensively reared gravid west African dwarf goats fed pulverized biofibre wastes based diets. ... packed cell volume (PCV), haemoglobin (Hb), mean cell volume (MCV) and mean cell haemoglobin (MCH), while goats on PMC/CsP/BG had significantly increased (p<0.05) white blood cell (WBC).

  5. The Effect of Gravidity on Anthropometric Indices of Pregnant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Anthropometry in pregnancy is a comparative measure of size, proportion and composition of the body in relation to pregnancy. Anthropometric indices are useful in the assessment of nutritional status of pregnant women and predicting pregnancy outcome. To determine the effect of gravidity on anthropometric indices of ...

  6. Svær intraabdominal blødning hos en gravid kvinde med endometriose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berlac, Janne Foss; Langhoff-Roos, Jens; Lidegaard, Ojvind

    2014-01-01

    Spontaneous haemoperitoneum in pregnancy has been associated with endometriosis. More women with endometriosis get pregnant due to improved fertility treatment and little is known of their risk of obstetrical complications. We report a case of a pregnant woman with a history of endometriosis who...... was admitted in gestational week 28 with spontaneous haemoperitoneum. We performed an emergency caesarean section and found multiple varicosities on the surface of uterus with active bleeding. Further knowledge on complications in pregnant women with endometriosis is needed....

  7. Evaluering af ordning med psykologbehandling af personer med let til moderat depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjeldsted, Rita; Christensen, Kaj Sparle

    tidligere evaluering af forsøgsordning af psykologbehandling af depression i perioden 2005-06. 18.419 personer i alderen 18-37 år blev henvist til psykolog i den undersøgte ordning i perioden 1.2.2009 – 31.1.2010, svarende til en henvisningshyppighed på 1,6 % af baggrundsbefolkningen i samme aldersgruppe...... samme niveau som fandtes i evalueringen fra 2007. Remissionsraten for personer med depression ved behandlingsstart er 87 % målt med MDI. Patienters selvrapporterede effekt er 95 %. I opfølgningsgruppen har 89 % ingen depression 3 år efter afsluttet behandling, 56 % har oplevet mindst én ny...... for begge køn, og der ses et fald på 40 % for kvinder og 70 % for mænd over de givne 3 år. Tidsperspektivet er for denne gruppe mere relevant for overordnet vurdering, men der savnes en sammenligningsgruppe. Ifølge spørgeskemadata øges andelen af personer, der er i arbejde, selvforsørgelse eller på SU fra...

  8. Radioisotope examination of the renal function in gravidic pyelonephritis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Voigt, R.; Stoll, W.; Arndt, J.

    1980-01-01

    By means of the results of combined renal sequence scintigraphy and 131 I-hippurate clearance in 18 pregnant women with gravidic pyelonephritis as well as in 22 voluntary healthy pregnant women of the corresponding duration of pregnancy and in 13 non-pregnant women without hormonal anticonception as control groups the detection of the renal function with the clinical picture of gravidic pyelonephritis is discussed. The clearance equivalents are represented globally as well as subdivided to the single kidney. Besides typical activity-time curves of the control groups are demonstrated. It was shown that at the time of the most frequent occurrence of gravidic pyelonephritis in the 7th-8th month of pregnancy the clearance equivalents are decreased compared to those of uncomplicated pregnancy. The changes in the course of activity-time curves manifest themselves in a decreased initial phase as well as in an increased excretory phase. Conclusions are drawn for the clinical preliminary diagnosis of risky pregnancies from the results discussed regarding further references. (author)

  9. Fysisk træning hjælper også normalvægtige kvinder med polycystisk ovariesyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bisgaard, Helene; Dela, Flemming

    2017-01-01

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 12-21% of women in the childbearing age and is the most common cause of hyperandrogenaemia and anovulatory infertility. There is an increase in insulin resistance in both overweight and lean women with PCOS. Exercise treatment is mandatory among...... the overweight women due to sufficient evidence that it can improve the signs and symptoms of PCOS. This has not been fully investigated among the lean. However, new randomized controlled trials show that structured physical exercise can also improve insulin sensitivity, hyperandrogenaemia and menstrual...

  10. Self-efficacy forventning i forhold til fortsat arbejdsmarkedstilknytning hos kvinder med langvarige graviditetsrelaterede bækkensmerter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Carrinna

    2007-01-01

    Crabtree, en te-oristyret metode hvor Self-efficacy var skabelonen hvormed datamaterialet blev analyseret. Resultater Kvinderne vurderede faktorer indenfor tre hovedområder som værende af betydning for deres forvent¬ning til tilbagevenden til arbejdet: Støtte, forståelse og tillid fra såvel formelle som...

  11. Laksekalcitonin ved osteoporose. Effekten af intranasal applikation på knoglemineralindhold og frakturhyppighed hos postmenopausale kvinder med manifeste osteoporotiske forandringer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Pernille

    1993-01-01

    The objective was to study the dose-related response of intranasal salmon calcitonin (Salcatonin) on bone mass and bone turnover and the effect of salcatonin on rates of fracture in elderly women with moderate osteoporosis. A total of 208 healthy women aged 68-72 years, who had a bone mineral con...

  12. [Survey of the number of eggs in Taenia asiatica gravid proglottids in Dali Prefecture of Yunnan Province].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Tian-Mei; Fang, Wen; Liu, Hong-Kun

    2013-12-01

    To observe the number of eggs in the gravid proglottids of Taenia asiatica. Twenty gravid proglottids at each end of two adults of T. asiatica were digested by 1% pepsin. Then, the collected eggs were observed and counted by a microscope. The number of eggs in each gravid proglottid were not the same, with the maximum of 132 500, minimum of 44 180, and the average number of 90 051, and there was a significant difference among the different gravid proglottids (t = -3.487, P = 0.003). The number of eggs in different gravid proglottids of T. asiatica is evidently different.

  13. Bacterial Volatiles Attract Gravid Secondary Screwworms (Diptera: Calliphoridae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhury, M F; Zhu, J J; Skoda, S R

    2016-04-01

    Bovine blood inoculated and incubated with bacteria was tested to determine if secondary screwworm, Cochliomyia macellaria (F.), would be attracted to the incubated substrate for oviposition. Five species of bacteria, Klebsiella oxytoca (Flugge), Proteus mirabilis Hauser, Proteus vulgaris Hauser, Providencia rettgeri Hadley, Elkins and Caldwell, and Providencia stuartii Ewing, previously isolated from animal wounds infested by primary screwworms, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel), were used. Incubated substrates were tested in a two-choice cage bioassay to study landing response and oviposition by gravid C. macellaria. Significantly more flies landed on substrates containing P. mirabilis than on substrates with other species of bacteria. Klebsiella oxytoca-treated substrates attracted the least flies. Substrates containing bacteria incubated for 72 h attracted significantly more flies than those incubated for 24-, 48-, or 96-h period. In 3-h duration oviposition tests, substrates with P. rettgeri attracted significantly more flies to oviposit than the other four species. The most eggs were recorded when substrates treated with all five species of bacteria were offered for oviposition. It is likely that multiple active chemicals present in the volatiles from substrates treated with all five species result in greater response than those in a single species. At least 72-h incubation seems to be necessary to obtain the most active volatile chemicals. Results suggest that C. macellaria uses similar chemical cues as C. hominivorax from bacteria volatiles as oviposition attractant/stimulant.

  14. MedSun Reports

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Medical Product Safety Network (MedSun) is an adverse event reporting program launched in 2002. The primary goal for MedSun is to work collaboratively with the...

  15. Kritik med objektets forrang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liebst, Lasse Suonperä; Stamer, Naja Buono

    2010-01-01

    Nærværende artikel vil i lyset af den idealistiske epistemologis fremtrædende position i sociologien foreslå, at et fremadrettet brud med denne idealisme kan ske med en tilbagevenden til Theodor W. Adornos negative dialektik. Det frugtbare ved denne særegne dialektik er, hvordan den med en tildel...

  16. Development of a gravid trap for collecting live malaria vectors Anopheles gambiae s.l.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sisay Dugassa

    Full Text Available Effective malaria vector control targeting indoor host-seeking mosquitoes has resulted in fewer vectors entering houses in many areas of sub-Saharan Africa, with the proportion of vectors outdoors becoming more important in the transmission of this disease. This study aimed to develop a gravid trap for the outdoor collection of the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae s.l. based on evaluation and modification of commercially available gravid traps.Experiments were implemented in an 80 m(2 semi-field system where 200 gravid Anopheles gambiae s.s. were released nightly. The efficacy of the Box, CDC and Frommer updraft gravid traps was compared. The Box gravid trap was tested to determine if the presence of the trap over water and the trap's sound affected catch size. Mosquitoes approaching the treatment were evaluated using electrocuting nets or detergents added to the water in the trap. Based on the results, a new gravid trap (OviART trap that provided an open, unobstructed oviposition site was developed and evaluated.Box and CDC gravid traps collected similar numbers (relative rate (RR 0.8, 95% confidence interval (CI 0.6-1.2; p = 0.284, whereas the Frommer trap caught 70% fewer mosquitoes (RR 0.3, 95% CI 0.2-0.5; p < 0.001. The number of mosquitoes approaching the Box trap was significantly reduced when the trap was positioned over a water-filled basin compared to an open pond (RR 0.7 95% CI 0.6-0.7; p < 0.001. This effect was not due to the sound of the trap. Catch size increased by 60% (RR 1.6, 1.2-2.2; p = 0.001 with the new OviART trap.Gravid An. Gambiae s.s. females were visually deterred by the presence of the trapping device directly over the oviposition medium. Based on these investigations, an effective gravid trap was developed that provides open landing space for egg-laying Anopheles.

  17. Processeringsoptimering med Canons software

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Precht, Helle

    2009-01-01

    . Muligheder i software optimering blev studeret i relation til optimal billedkvalitet og kontrol optagelser, for at undersøge om det var muligt at acceptere diagnostisk billedkvalitet og derved tage afsæt i ALARA. Metode og materialer Et kvantitativt eksperimentelt studie baseret på forsøg med teknisk og...... humant fantom. CD Rad fantom anvendes som teknisk fantom, hvor billederne blev analyseret med CD Rad software, og resultatet var en objektiv IQF værdi. Det humane fantom var et lamme pelvis med femur, der via NRPB’ er sammenlignelig med absorptionen ved et femårigt barn. De humane forsøgsbilleder blev...

  18. The Prognostic Role of Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Autoantibody in Non-Gravid Hypertension and Pre-eclampsia: A Meta-analysis and Our Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lei, Jinghui; Li, Yafeng; Zhang, Suli; Wu, Ye; Wang, Pengli; Liu, Huirong

    2016-04-01

    Angiotensin II type 1 receptor autoantibody (AT1-AA) is found in patients with non-gravid hypertension or pre-eclampsia, but the relationship is uncertain.The aim of the present study was to assess the association between AT1-AA and high blood pressure using meta-analysis, and to evaluate the prognosis value of AT1-AA for hypertensive diseases.Literature search from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases were conducted using keywords "hypertension" or "pre-eclampsia," "angiotensin II receptor type 1 autoantibody," and its aliases from April 1999 to December 2015.Studies evaluating the association between AT1-AA and non-gravid hypertension or pre-eclampsia were included in this analysis. The quality of the eligible studies was assessed based on the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale with some modifications.Two researchers then independently reviewed all included studies and extracted all relevant data. Association between AT1-AA and hypertension was tested with pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Finally, we evaluated whether AT1-AA predicted the prognosis of hypertension by using a summary receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve and sensitivity analysis.Ten studies were finally included in this meta-analysis. AT1-AA showed more significant association with pre-eclampsia than that with non-gravid hypertension (pooled OR 32.84, 95% CI 17.19-62.74; and pooled OR 4.18, 95% CI 2.20-7.98, respectively). Heterogeneity among studies was also detected probably due to different hypertensive subtypes and AT1-AA measuring methods. Area under summary ROC curve (AUC) of pre-eclampsia was 0.92 (sensitivity 0.76; specificity 0.86). Area under the ROC curve of overall hypertensive diseases or non-gravid hypertension was lower than that of pre-eclampsia (0.86 and 0.72, respectively) with lower sensitivities (0.46 and 0.26, respectively).The major limitation of this analysis was the publication bias due to lack of unpublished data and the language limitation during

  19. Maternal pre-gravid body mass index and adiposity influence umbilical cord gene expression at term in AGA infants

    Science.gov (United States)

    While maternal obesity is associated with unfavorable maternal and fetal outcomes, the influence of maternal obesity on fetal gene expression is less clear. Umbilical cords (UC) from 12 lean (pre-gravid BMI < 25) and 10 overweight/obese (OB, pre-gravid BMI =25) women without gestational diabetes wer...

  20. Virtuelt skrivebord med open office

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kurt Gammelgaard

    2009-01-01

    SDUs erfaringer med projektet Port 22: en virtuel platform med Open Office som kontorpakke til studerende.......SDUs erfaringer med projektet Port 22: en virtuel platform med Open Office som kontorpakke til studerende....

  1. Advancing PubMed?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wildgaard, Lorna Elizabeth; Lund, Haakon

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Systematic reviews of biomedical literature are used to inform patient treatment. Yet the acquisition of relevant literature is proving increasingly challenging due to the large volume of information that needs to be searched, filtered and collocated. There is a need to improve...... the efficiency of biomedical literature searches. PubMed remains the primary resource for biomedical literature, and as PubMed makes the Medline data and Entrez PubMed Programming utilities freely available, any developer can produce alternative tools to search the database. The authors question if PubMed still...... 11 aspects. A systematic search in PubMed was used as study control. Findings The 16 tools limited rather than advanced the sorting, filtering, and export functionality required in a systematic search. The reproducibility of the searches in these sources was reduced. The study shows that Pub...

  2. Forebyggende helbredsundersøgelser af gravide kvinder i Danmark. Anamnesepraksis og samtale om proenatal diagnostik ved tidlig undersøgelse i svangerskabet hos praktiserende loege, på fødestedet og hos jordemoder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindenskov, Lena; Andersen, A M; Andersen, K V

    1993-01-01

    In Denmark, pregnant women are offered antenatal care in a nationwide programme. This programme is organized around health examinations in general practice, hospital outpatient departments and at midwives' centres. During winter 1986-1987, a nationwide investigation of antenatal care was carried...... of responsibility for care of pregnant women by three professional groups requires specification of the content of the consultation. Official guidelines should be more specific about this point....

  3. Forebyggende helbredsundersøgelser af gravide kvinder i Danmark. Anamnesepraksis og samtale om proenatal diagnostik ved tidlig undersøgelse i svangerskabet hos praktiserende loege, på fødestedet og hos jordemoder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindenskov, Lena; Andersen, A M; Andersen, K V

    1993-01-01

    practitioners, 63% of the doctors at the place of delivery and 86% of the midwives replied. Among the pregnant women, 92% replied from general practice, 84% from hospital outpatient departments and 91% from midwives' centres. The interviews about date of delivery and genetic counselling at early visits...... was employed only on special indications. It was concluded that there was a considerable overlap between the interview about the date of delivery and genetic counselling at early visits in general practice and in hospital outpatient departments and, to some extent, at the midwives' centres. The sharing...

  4. Incarceration of the retroverted gravid uterus: a report of four cases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smalbraak, I.; Bleker, O. P.; Schutte, M. F.; Treffers, P. E.

    1991-01-01

    Four cases of incarceration of the retroverted gravid uterus are described. Typical observations were: a rather low fundal height at vaginal examination, no detectable uterine cervix, and the fetal presenting part deeply impacted in the pelvic cavity. One spontaneous correction in the third

  5. Herniation of a gravid uterus through giant umbilical hernia in a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A35 year old grand multigravid lady with herniation gravid uterus at 35 weeks of gestation is presented. She was managed conservatively but went into spontaneous labour. She had emergency caesarean section and umbilical hernia repair with successful outcome for both mother and baby.

  6. Rupture of the gravid uterus in a referral hospital in Niger Republic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Rupture of the gravid uterus is a major cause of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Methods: A review of the clinical records of all cases of ruptured uterus managed at the Center Hospitalier Regional, Dosso, Niger Republic, between January 2000 and December 2001 were ...

  7. Are powerful females powerful enough? Acceleration in gravid green iguanas (Iguana iguana).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scales, Jeffrey; Butler, Marguerite

    2007-08-01

    One demand placed exclusively on the musculoskeletal system of females is maintaining locomotor performance with an increasing load over the reproductive cycle. Here, we examine whether gravid (i.e., "pregnant") iguanas can increase their force and power production to support, stabilize, and accelerate the additional mass of a clutch of eggs. At any acceleration, gravid iguanas produced very high mechanical power (average total power = 673 w/kg; total peak power = 1175 w/kg). While the increase in total power was partly a result of greater propulsive power (average propulsive power = 25% higher, peak propulsive power = 38% higher), increased vertical power (roughly 200% increase) was the main contributor. Gravid iguanas were also able to increase peak forces (propulsive = 23%, mediolateral = 44%, vertical = 42%), and step duration (44%) resulting in greater impulses (i.e., the sum of force produced during a step) to accelerate, balance, and support their increased mass. The increase in step duration and smaller increase in peak propulsive force suggests that gravid iguanas may be force-limited in the direction of motion. We discuss how biomechanical constraints due to females' reproductive role may influence the evolution of the female musculoskeletal systems and contribute to the evolution and maintenance of ecological dimorphism in lizards.

  8. Under-reporting of gravidity in a rural Malawian population | Misiri ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Mis-reporting of data by study participants in a questionnaire-based study is an important source of bias in studies. Objective: To determine the prevalence and factors influencing mis-reporting of gravidity among rural women in Malawi. Materials and Methods: Data from cross sectional study conducted in 2004 ...

  9. Med-E-Tel

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lievens, Frank; Jordanova, Malina

    2006-01-01

    .... The Med-e-Tel 2006 conference program covered over 130 presentations on topics such as homecare and health management, healthcare challenges, tele-education, eHealth in developing countries, telecardiology...

  10. Slut med skuffeprojekter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Lisbeth; Pedersen, Preben Ulrich; Scheel, Linda Schumann

    2003-01-01

    En etårig tværfaglig uddannelse i projektledelse og evidensbaseret praksis for sundhedspersonale med mellemlange uddannelser har allerede medført konkrete ændringer i klinisk praksis til gavn for patienterne....

  11. PubMed

    CERN Document Server

    PubMed is the National Library of Medicine's search service that provides access to over 10 million citations in MEDLINE, PreMEDLINE, and other related databases, with links to participating online journals.

  12. PubMed

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — PubMed comprises more than 26 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to...

  13. DailyMed

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — DailyMed provides high quality information about marketed drugs. This information includes FDA labels (package inserts). This Web site provides health information...

  14. Med-E-Tel

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lievens, Frank; Jordanova, Malina

    2006-01-01

    ..., and more. The Med-e-Tel 2006 exhibition showcased products and technologies in the areas of medication compliance, home telehealth and vital sign monitoring, clinical software, electronic medical records...

  15. Personer med handicap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Brian; Jonassen, Anders Bruun; Høgelund, Jan

    væsentligt i perioden frem til 2006. Det især personer med nedsat hørelse, som er kommet i beskæftigelse. Undersøgelsen er finansieret af Arbejdsmarkedskommissionen. Den bygger på oplysninger om personer med handicap, som havde en målt funktionsnedsættelse i 1995, og personer uden et handicap i 1995. Disse...

  16. Leg med vision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk, Mette; Bertelsen, Katrine

    2011-01-01

    Bogen henvender sig primært til det pædagogiske personale med målgruppen daginstitutioner. Bogen skal stimulere arbejdet med at gøre bevægelse til en integreret del af kulturen i daginstitutioner - at få det pædagogiske personale til - at sætte ord på og spørgsmålstegn ved deres pædagogiske bevæg...

  17. Personer med handicap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Amilon, Anna; Larsen, Lena Bech; Østergaard, Stine Vernstrøm

    Danmark har været omfattet af FN’s handicapkonvention siden 2009. I tråd med konventionen har den danske handicappolitik til hensigt at skabe lige muligheder for mennesker med handicap og den øvrige befolkning. Denne undersøgelse belyser, i hvilket omfang dette sigte er opfyldt for mennesker med...... handicap i 2016, sammenholdt med den øvrige voksne befolkning. Undersøgelsen sætter fokus på forhold omkring uddannelse, beskæftigelse, forsørgelse, livskvalitet og sundhed, deltagelse og tilgængelighed samt sagsbehandling og diskrimination. Rapporten giver på den måde et bredt billede af, dels hvordan...... forholdene er for mennesker med handicap i 2016, og dels hvordan forholdene har udviklet sig siden den første undersøgelsesrunde i 2012. Undersøgelsen viser, at der er store forskelle på mennesker med og uden handicap, også når det gælder helt fundamentale områder for velfærdssamfundet så som uddannelse og...

  18. Development of the gravid Aedes trap for the capture of adult female container-exploiting mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eiras, Alvaro E; Buhagiar, Tamara S; Ritchie, Scott A

    2014-01-01

    Monitoring dengue vector control by sampling adult Aedes aegypti (L.) recently has been used to replace both larval and pupal surveys. We have developed and evaluated the Gravid Aedes Trap (GAT) through a sequential behavioral study. The GAT does not require electricity to function, and trapped mosquitoes are identified easily during trap inspections. The GAT concept relies on visual and olfactory cues to lure gravid Ae. aegypti and an insecticide to kill trapped mosquitoes. Gravid mosquitoes are lured to a black bucket base containing oviposition attractant (infusion) and are trapped in a translucent chamber impregnated with a pyrethroid insecticide where they are killed within 3-15 min. In semifield observations, the GAT captured a significantly higher proportion of gravid mosquitoes than the double sticky ovitrap. We also demonstrated that the visual cues of the prototype GAT-LgBF (large black base bucket with a black funnel at the top of the translucent chamber) captured a significantly higher proportion of gravid mosquitoes than the other prototypes. The visual contrast created by the addition of a white lid to the top of the black funnel significantly increased the number of captured gravid mosquitoes when compared with the GAT-LgBF in semifield trials. We conclude that the GAT is more efficient in recapturing gravid Ae. aegypti when compared with sticky ovitraps. The GAT is an effective, practical, low cost, and easily transportable trap, features that are essential in large-scale monitoring programs, particularly in areas where funding is limited.

  19. Med handicap i vuggestuen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendix-Olsen, Kurt

    2017-01-01

    Artiklen udforsker det deltagelsesmæssige råderum, som vuggestuebørn med handicap har i hverdagens inklusionspraksis i ressourcebørnehuse. Ressourcebørnehusenes inklusionsarrangementer er i fokus med henblik på at undersøge, på hvilke måder børn med handicap deltager i hverdagen og får erfaringer...... med og mulighed for at udvikle rådighed. Artiklen fremanalyserer, at inklusionsarrangementer tilvejebringes gennem tre væsensforskellige organiseringer af pædagogisk praksis, der hver på sin måde tilbyder børn med handicap særlige deltagelsesbetingelser: 1) Et kapacitetsfokuseret arrangement 2) Et...... rummende omsorgsarrangement 3) Et repertoireskabende arrangement. De to førstnævnte arrangementer peger på, at handicap er knyttet til binære forståelser af børns behov som almene eller særlige. Hvor de professionelle i det kapacitetsfokuserede arrangement vægtlægger udvikling af barnets kropsfunktioner og...

  20. Plantekoner og priklebørn – kvinder og børn som arbejdskraft ved hedens forvandling, ca. 1880-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helle Serup

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Det er artiklens primære målsætning at påvise eksistensen af kvinde- og børnearbejde i skoven. Mange fotografier og erindringer henviser til dette arbejde, men vi ved reelt intet om omfanget. Her er gjort et forsøg på at beskrive og kvantificerekvinders og børns arbejde ved produktionen af planter på Hedeselskabets planteskole i Birkebæk i perioden fra 1890 til 1932 ud fra betalingslisterne i planteskolens regnskaber. Oplysningerne heri er suppleret med erindringsbeskrivelserog fotografier.Resultatet af undersøgelsen er et større kendskab til arbejdsfordelingen mellem kønnene. Kvinder og børn har udgjort en meget vigtig arbejdskraft i planteproduktionen, men det reelle omfang er stadig ukendt, da tallene heri udelukkendeviser en lokal situation.Producing Plants – Women and Children as a Workforce duringthe Transformation of the Jutland Heathlands, ca. 1880-1930It is the aim of this study to document the existence of women and children working in the forest. A number of photos and memoirs mention this kind of work, but in reality we do not have much knowledge of the type and extent of thiswork. Here, a qualified attempt is made at describing and quantifying the work of women and children in producing forest plants at a nursery in Birkebæk, owned by Hedeselskabet (The Danish Heath Society during the period 1890-1932. Thisis done by examining the wage accounts. Women and children are not mentioned specifically by name, but their share of the work may be gauged by looking at the wage levels. The days and hours enumerated at low pay represent the amountof work performed by women and children. To ensure that this was actually the case, wages in the accounts were compared to the few scraps of local information available and to the statistical information on wage levels. From the accounts may be seen that the work was strictly divided on the basisof sex and age. Men did the heavy work, such as handling the horses (ploughing, harrowing

  1. Svær D-vitamin-mangel hos børn født i Danmark af kvinder med mørk hud

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brok, Jesper; Huusom, Lene; Cortes, Dina

    2011-01-01

    Rickets due to malnutrition is rare in Denmark. The Danish Board of Health recommend that: pregnant women are treated with a daily dose of vitamin D daily (10 micrograms); emigrants with coloured skin have their vitamin D level assessed during pregnancy; all children receive a daily dose of vitamin...... D (10 micrograms) until two years old. Despite of these recommendations two cases of severe nutritional rickets among children of emigrants were discovered upon hospital admission. The symptoms were heterogeneous: delayed walking skills and convulsions. We conclude that nutritional rickets...

  2. MED COMMITTEE STRUCTURE

    Science.gov (United States)

    It is beneficial to share good Diversity-related practices with other NHEERL Divisions. Sharing of this information will help MED showcase the many activities that are in place for Diversity that we are using to help us become a level 4 organization.

  3. Professionalisme med innovativt potentiale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Inger Marie

    To teoretiske sværvægtere bliver koblet sammen i Inger Marie Larsen-Nielsen arbejdspapir om professionalisme med innovativt potentiale. De to teoretikere er læringsteoretikeren John Dewey og socialpsykologen Georg Herbert Mead, som er sat sammen i en teoretisk forståelsesramme omkring professionel...

  4. Use of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Gravid Trap in Catch Basins: Proof-Of-Concept Trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Nicholas; Mettelman, Robert C; Baker, Susan C; Harbison, Justin E

    2015-06-01

    Gravid traps are commonly used by mosquito control agencies to collect local populations of Culex pipiens, which are then tested for the presence of West Nile virus. Culex pipiens adults disperse a relatively short distance (~2.5 km) from their breeding site, so it can be challenging to position a sufficient number of gravid traps to accurately monitor these mosquitoes in large urban areas. As placement of these traps is often limited to locations out of public?view, the potential for placing these traps belowground in commonly found storm-water catch basins was investigated. We compared the numbers of mosquitoes isolated in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) gravid traps placed aboveground with various types of CDC gravid traps placed in nearby catch basins. We found that the gravid traps placed in catch basins collected significantly fewer Culex pipiens females as compared to the aboveground traps. However, the 2 types of catch basin traps continued to function and collect mosquitoes despite heavy rainfall and runoff, demonstrating their utility for sample collection in an urban setting. The potential advantages and disadvantages of using catch basins for the placement of CDC gravid traps are discussed.

  5. Velfærdsteknologi og sygepleje

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danbjørg, Dorthe Boe; Thygesen, Marianne Kirstine; Skjøth, Mette Maria

    gravide kvinder om undersøgelserne for Downs syndrom, så et informeret valg kan træffes. Her anvendes en web-løsning med informationer om undersøgelserne for Downs syndrom. Der anvendes tekst, video og grafik for at synliggøre budskabet. Et andet projekt retter sig mod at sikre tryghed hos kvinder, der...... skal udskrives ambulant efter fødsel. I dette projekt er der udviklet en app, som indeholder en vidensbase med informationsmateriale samt en online chat, hvor familierne kan kommunikere med sundhedspersonale. Et tredje projekt har haft fokus på information til kræftpatienter i en ventetid til operation...

  6. Discovery of an oviposition attractant for gravid malaria vectors of the Anopheles gambiae species complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindh, Jenny M; Okal, Michael N; Herrera-Varela, Manuela; Borg-Karlson, Anna-Karin; Torto, Baldwyn; Lindsay, Steven W; Fillinger, Ulrike

    2015-03-20

    New strategies are needed to manage malaria vector populations that resist insecticides and bite outdoors. This study describes a breakthrough in developing 'attract and kill' strategies targeting gravid females by identifying and evaluating an oviposition attractant for Anopheles gambiae s.l. Previously, the authors found that gravid An. gambiae s.s. females were two times more likely to lay eggs in lake water infused for six days with soil from a natural oviposition site in western Kenya compared to lake water alone or to the same but autoclaved infusion. Here, the volatile chemicals released from these substrates were analysed with a gas-chromatograph coupled to a mass-spectrometer (GC-MS). Furthermore, the behavioural responses of gravid females to one of the compounds identified were evaluated in dual choice egg-count bioassays, in dual-choice semi-field experiments with odour-baited traps and in field bioassays. One of the soil infusion volatiles was readily identified as the sesquiterpene alcohol cedrol. Its widespread presence in natural aquatic habitats in the study area was confirmed by analysing the chemical headspace of 116 water samples collected from different aquatic sites in the field and was therefore selected for evaluation in oviposition bioassays. Twice as many gravid females were attracted to cedrol-treated water than to water alone in two choice cage bioassays (odds ratio (OR) 1.84; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.16-2.91) and in experiments conducted in large-screened cages with free-flying mosquitoes (OR 1.92; 95% CI 1.63-2.27). When tested in the field, wild malaria vector females were three times more likely to be collected in the traps baited with cedrol than in the traps containing water alone (OR 3.3; 95% CI 1.4-7.9). Cedrol is the first compound confirmed as an oviposition attractant for gravid An. gambiae s.l. This finding paves the way for developing new 'attract and kill strategies' for malaria vector control.

  7. Måltidsvaner for voksne med kort uddannelse 2005-2008

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Lene Møller; Kørup, Karsten; Trolle, Ellen

    tre hovedmåltider og tre mellemmåltider samt hverdag/weekend. Resultaterne vises for mænd og kvinder separat og samlet. Rapporten er baseret på data fra Den nationale undersøgelse af danskernes kostvaner og fysiske aktivitet indsamlet i 2005-2008. I alt 537 mænd og 535 kvinder i alderen 20-75 år...

  8. Kvindelige præster - omsorgsmødre eller kvinder og præster?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Else Marie Wiberg

    2008-01-01

    Kronikken er skrevet i anledning af 60-året for de første ordinationer af kvindelige præster i den danske folkekirke. Kronikken gør op med to postulater eller rettere myter, som har vundet frem siden 1980'erne, og som er blevet gentaget i en unuanceret form uden nogen form for videnskabelig under...

  9. Farlig sex med engle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mejrup, Kristian

    2013-01-01

    De fleste af os tænker ikke på engle som kønnede væsner med en seksualitet, og selv om vi er i stand til at acceptere engle i alle mulige afskygninger, fra juletræets tyksakker i glitrende guld til frygtindgydende skikkelser i de bibelske skrifter, så er vi tilbøjelig til at ignorere spørgsmålet ...

  10. At lede med latter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Mette

    2014-01-01

    "Det sagde hun også i går!" Platte vitser, der lægger op til den karakteristiske 'bodom-tchi'-trommelyd, behøver ikke være lederens eneste forsøg på at udvise humoristisk sans på talerstolen. For humor kan være meget andet og gøre meget mere for lederen end at score billige point med en spontan s...

  11. Mikrokimærisme og kræft blandt kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Katrine Pedersbæk; Kamper-Jørgensen, Mads

    2017-01-01

    Ifølge græsk mytologi var Kimære en uhyrlig hybridmellem en løvinde, en slange og en ged. I moderne videnskab betegner en kimære en organisme, der består af celler eller organer med forskelligt ophav. Mikrokimærisme betegner en tilstand, hvor der i en vært eksisterer små mængder af celler, som...

  12. ALKOHOL MED MLADOSTNIKI

    OpenAIRE

    Blazinšek, Valentina

    2011-01-01

    Uporaba alkohola je ena od oblik tveganega vedenja, s katero mladostnik išče razumevanje in odobravanje predvsem v družbi lastne generacije. Uporablja jo zlasti pod vplivom pritiskov z dveh strani: sveta odraslih in sveta vrstnikov, v katerem pogosto veljajo drugačna pravila, vrednote, oblike vedenja in komuniciranja, kot jih zapovedujejo odrasli. Zato je poseganje po alkoholu problem, ki mu veliko držav posveča posebno pozornost. Med številnimi zdravstvenimi problemi, ki tako ali drugače pri...

  13. Development of a Gravid Uterus Model for the Study of Road Accidents Involving Pregnant Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Auriault, F; Thollon, L; Behr, M

    2016-01-01

    Car accident simulations involving pregnant women are well documented in the literature and suggest that intra-uterine pressure could be responsible for the phenomenon of placental abruption, underlining the need for a realistic amniotic fluid model, including fluid-structure interactions (FSI). This study reports the development and validation of an amniotic fluid model using an Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian formulation in the LS-DYNA environment. Dedicated to the study of the mechanisms responsible for fetal injuries resulting from road accidents, the fluid model was validated using dynamic loading tests. Drop tests were performed on a deformable water-filled container at acceleration levels that would be experienced in a gravid uterus during a frontal car collision at 25 kph. During the test device braking phase, container deformation induced by inertial effects and FSI was recorded by kinematic analysis. These tests were then simulated in the LS-DYNA environment to validate a fluid model under dynamic loading, based on the container deformations. Finally, the coupling between the amniotic fluid model and an existing finite-element full-body pregnant woman model was validated in terms of pressure. To do so, experimental test results performed on four postmortem human surrogates (PMHS) (in which a physical gravid uterus model was inserted) were used. The experimental intra-uterine pressure from these tests was compared to intra uterine pressure from a numerical simulation performed under the same loading conditions. Both free fall numerical and experimental responses appear strongly correlated. The relationship between the amniotic fluid model and pregnant woman model provide intra-uterine pressure values correlated with the experimental test responses. The use of an Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian formulation allows the analysis of FSI between the amniotic fluid and the gravid uterus during a road accident involving pregnant women.

  14. Nepenthes ampullaria (Nepenthaceae) Pitchers Are Unattractive to Gravid Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chou, Lee Yiung; Dykes, Gary A; Wilson, Robyn F; Clarke, Charles M

    2016-02-01

    Nepenthes pitcher plants are colonized by a variety of specialized arthropods. As Aedes mosquitoes are container breeders, Nepenthes pitchers are a potential candidate oviposition site for vector species, such as Aedes aegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse). However, Aedes spp. are not commonly encountered in Nepenthes pitchers, and the environment inside the pitchers of some species is lethal to them. One exception is Nepenthes ampullaria Jack, whose pitchers are known to be colonized by Ae. albopictus on very rare occasions. Given that Ae. albopictus larvae can survive in N. ampullaria pitcher fluids, we sought to determine why pitcher colonization is rare, testing the hypothesis that gravid Aedes mosquitoes are deterred from ovipositing into container habitats that have similar characteristics to N. ampullaria pitchers. Using plastic ovitraps of different sizes, colors, and with different types of fluids (based on the characteristics of N. ampullaria pitchers), we compared oviposition rates by Aedes mosquitoes in urban and rural areas within the geographical range of N. ampullaria near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Ovitraps that were black and large (>250-ml capacity) accumulated significantly more eggs than ovitraps that were smaller, or green in color. In terms of size and color, small, green ovitraps are analogous to N. ampullaria pitchers, indicating that these pitchers are not particularly attractive to gravid Ae. albopictus. Although Aedes spp. are capable of colonizing N. ampullaria pitchers, the pitchers are relatively unattractive to gravid females and do not represent a significant habitat for larvae of dengue vectors at present. © The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  15. Volatiles from waste larval rearing media attract gravid screwworm flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) to oviposit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhury, M F; Zhu, J J; Sagel, A; Chen, H; Skoda, S R

    2014-05-01

    Gravid screwworm flies, Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel), are attracted to the volatiles from waste larval rearing media to deposit eggs. Studies were conducted to identify volatile chemicals from the waste larval media and determine their effectiveness to attract gravid flies to oviposit. Volatiles were collected using solid-phase microextraction method, and five active chemicals, namely, dimethyl disulfide, dimethyl trisulfide, phenol, p-cresol, and indole, were identified using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. In electroantennography studies, antennae ofgravid screwworm flies, Cochliomyia macellaria (F.), responded positively to each of the identified compounds. A synthetic blend of these five compounds in the ratio of 335:200:57:1:12 was prepared and tested for its effectiveness to attract both C. hominivorax and C. macellaria using laboratory bioassay methods. Significantly more gravid C. macellaria were attracted to and landed on substrates treated with 10-fold diluted blends compared with those landed on substrates treated with ethanol only (as control). Only a few young females and young and old males were attracted to the substrates treated with the synthetic blend. The C. hominivorax females laid significantly more eggs on substrates treated with waste media, 10-fold diluted blend, and 100-fold diluted blend than on substrates with undiluted blend or ethanol. Similarly, C. macellaria deposited significantly more eggs on substrates treated with waste media, 10-fold diluted blend, and 100-fold diluted blend compared with substrates with undiluted blend or ethanol. C. macellaria females deposited significantly less amount of eggs than did C. hominivorax females. These results indicate that the synthetic blend of five compounds identified may serve as an oviposition attractant for C. hominivorax as well as for C. macellaria.

  16. Separate influences of birth order and gravidity/parity on the development of systemic sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cockrill, Tonya; del Junco, Deborah J; Arnett, Frank C; Assassi, Shervin; Tan, Filemon K; McNearney, Terry; Fischbach, Michael; Perry, Marilyn; Mayes, Maureen D

    2010-03-01

    Birth order has been valuable in revealing the role of environmental influences on the risk of developing certain diseases such as allergy and atopy. In addition, pregnancy has profound effects on the immune system such as short-term effects that permit fetal survival as well as longer-term effects that could influence late-onset diseases. In order to better evaluate these influences, we studied the association of birth order and gravidity/parity as risk factors for systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma). Data regarding SSc cases and their unaffected sibling controls were obtained from the Scleroderma Family Registry and DNA Repository. The case-sibling design was used to minimize confounding due to differences in age, race, ethnicity, or calendar time. The gravidity/parity analysis was based on sibships with at least one SSc-affected and one unaffected sister. Birth order was examined in 974 sibships, comparing SSc cases (n = 987) with their unaffected siblings (n = 3,088). The risk of scleroderma increased with increasing birth order (odds ratio [OR] 1.25, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.06-1.50 for birth order 2-5; OR 2.22, 95% CI 1.57-3.15 for birth order 6-9; and OR 3.53, 95% CI 1.68-7.45 for birth order 10-15). Gravidity/parity was analyzed in 168 sibships (256 unaffected sisters, 172 SSc cases). We found an association between a history of one or more pregnancies and SSc (OR 2.8). Birth order and pregnancy were independently associated with a higher risk of developing SSc. These findings suggest that immune development in early childhood and/or pregnancy-associated events, including but not limited to microchimerism, plays a role in SSc susceptibility.

  17. Direct microscopical versus cultural method in screening for candidiasis among non gravid nigerian women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elegbe, I A; Botu, M

    1982-09-17

    The incidence of candidiasis in 125 symptomless, non-gravid women in Ile-Ife State Hospital, Ile-Ife, Oyo-State of Nigeria was determined by either microscopic observation or cultural methods. Among the three techniques investigated, the cultural method had the highest recovery rate with 60% of the cultures from 125 patients positive. Statistical analysis of the data (X2) demonstrated a significant difference between the recovery rates at the P less than 0.01 level. The implications of these findings were discussed in the text.

  18. MedPAC Data Book

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — MedPACs Data Book is the result of discussions with congressional staff members regarding ways that MedPAC can better support them. Some of the information it...

  19. Evaluation of the AtrAedes™ Lure for Collection of Culex quinquefasciatus in Gravid Traps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irish, S R; Batengana, B M; Eiras, A E; Cameron, M M

    2015-03-01

    The typical attractant used in gravid trapping of Culex quinquefasciatus is an aged infusion of organic materials, which can change in attractiveness over time. A standardized chemical attractant dispenser derived from grass infusion, the AtrAedes™ lure, has been produced for the surveillance of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti. A study using this lure in combination with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention gravid traps was conducted in Tanga, Tanzania. The addition of the lure to traps baited with either grass infusion or tap water did not result in significant increases in trap catch. Grass infusion-baited traps (with and without the AtrAedes lure) collected significantly more Cx. quinquefasciatus than traps baited with AtrAedes + tap water, tap water alone, or AtrAedes alone. The catches of the traps baited with AtrAedes + tap water, tap water alone, and AtrAedes alone were not significantly different from each other. Although the placement of the lure in the base of the trap may have decreased trap catches, it seems that the AtrAedes is not as effective as grass infusion for collecting Cx. quinquefasciatus in Tanzania.

  20. Anatomy of Tunga trimamillata Pampiglione et al., 2002 (Insecta, Siphonaptera, Tungidae and developmental phases of the gravid female

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pampiglione S.

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with some internal anatomical features observed in histological sections and freshly dissected mounts of Tunga trimamillata, a Siphonaptera recently discovered in Andean regions of Ecuador from several mammals, including man. It was possible to study in males and also non-gravid and gravid females, the location and anatomy of several organs not previously described for this species: the testes, epididymis, ganglia, Malpighian tubules, eyes, rectal ampulla with one of its pads and structures which could be interpreted as midgut diverticula, whose presence has not been recorded in the Siphonaptera. The process of neosomy in the female during pregnancy is illustrated by photographs of the consecutive developmental phases, taken at the stereomicroscope. Furthermore, some details of the exoskeleton, spermatheca during different phases of pregnancy of the gravid female and the presence of a foreign body (parasite? within the haemocoel have been displayed in specimens cleared with Hoyer’s medium.

  1. Når det normale bliver det gode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niklasson, Grit

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen baserer sig på interviews med gravide kvinder og observationer af deres møder med sundhedsvæsnet. Undersøgelsen fokuserer på de normer, der kommer til udtryk i disse møder. Tilsyneladende er der en klar norm om, at man får udført risikovurdering af fostret i den tidlige graviditet. Der e...... Nikolas Rose og Georges Canguilhem’s teoretiske betragtninger. Søgeord: graviditet, fosterdiagnostik, normalitet, normer, normativitet...

  2. Evaluation of potential carryover effects associated with limit feeding of gravid Holstein heifers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruse, K A; Combs, D K; Esser, N M; Coblentz, W K; Hoffman, P C

    2010-11-01

    Ninety-six Holstein heifers (400±6kg, 15.2±0.1 mo), including 9 with ruminal cannulas, were offered 1 of 3 diets for 180±8 d in a randomized replicated pen design. Dietary treatments included a control diet (C100) and 2 independent limit-fed (LF) diets. The LF diets included one offered at 85% of C100 intake (L85) without an ionophore, and a second containing an ionophore (325 mg/head per day of lasalocid) that was offered at 80% of C100 intake (L80+I). Heifers were evaluated for growth, rumen digesta volume, nutrient excretion, and subsequent lactation performance. Limit-fed heifers consumed less dry matter and neutral detergent fiber, and had greater respective average daily gains (0.96 or 0.89 vs. 0.81 kg/d), and lower feed:gain ratios (9.1 or 9.3 vs. 13.0 kg/kg) compared with heifers offered the C100 diet. No differences in rumen pH, NH(3)-N, or volatile fatty acid concentrations were observed between C100 and LF heifers. Rumen digesta volume, density, and weight were unaffected by LF, and feeding L85 or L80+I did not result in carryover effects for rumen digesta volume when these heifers were offered a common high-fiber diet immediately after the 180-d growth trial. At parturition, no differences were observed for dystocia index, calf body weight, or 7-d postpartum body weight between cows offered LF or C100 diets as heifers. Lactation body weight, dry matter intake, and feed efficiency of cows did not differ between treatments at 45 or 90 d in milk. Milk yield and milk components also were not different between cows that were offered C100 or LF diets as gravid heifers. At 45 d in milk, rumen digesta volume was greater (99.1 vs. 66.1L) for cows offered L85 compared with cows offered L80+I as gravid heifers, but this effect was not observed at 90 d in milk. Limit feeding of gravid Holstein heifers for 180 d did not result in any carryover effects during their first lactation for rumen digesta volume, dry matter intake, or milk yield. Copyright © 2010

  3. Coffee and its waste repel gravid Aedes albopictus females and inhibit the development of their embryos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satho, Tomomitsu; Dieng, Hamady; Ahmad, Muhammad Hishamuddin Itam; Ellias, Salbiah Binti; Hassan, Ahmad Abu; Abang, Fatimah; Ghani, Idris Abd; Miake, Fumio; Ahmad, Hamdan; Fukumitsu, Yuki; Zuharah, Wan Fatma; Majid, Abdul Hafiz Ab; Kassim, Nur Faeza Abu; Hashim, Nur Aida; Ajibola, Olaide Olawunmi; Al-Khayyat, Fatima Abdulla; Nolasco-Hipolito, Cirilo

    2015-05-14

    Dengue is a prevalent arboviral disease and the development of insecticide resistance among its vectors impedes endeavors to control it. Coffee is drunk by millions of people daily worldwide, which is associated with the discarding of large amounts of waste. Coffee and its waste contain large amounts of chemicals many of which are highly toxic and none of which have a history of resistance in mosquitoes. Once in solution, coffee is brownish in colour, resembling leaf infusion, which is highly attractive to gravid mosquitoes. To anticipate the environmental issues related to the increasing popularity of coffee as a drink, and also to combat insecticide resistance, we explored the deterrence potentials of coffee leachates against the ovipositing and embryonic stages of the dengue vector, Aedes albopictus. In a series of choice, no-choice, and embryo toxicity bioassays, we examined changes in the ovipositional behaviours and larval eclosion of Ae. albopictus in response to coffee extracts at different concentrations. Oviposition responses were extremely low when ovicups holding highly concentrated extract (HCE) of coffee were the only oviposition sites. Gravid females retained increased numbers of mature eggs until 5 days post-blood feeding. When provided an opportunity to oviposit in cups containing coffee extracts and with water, egg deposition occurred at lower rates in those containing coffee, and HCE cups were far less attractive to females than those containing water only. Females that successfully developed in a coffee environment preferentially oviposited in such cups when in competition with preferred oviposition sites (water cups), but this trait did not continue into the fourth generation. Larval eclosion occurred at lower rates among eggs that matured in a coffee environment, especially among those that were maintained on HCE-moistened substrates. The observations of the present study indicate a pronounced vulnerability of Ae. albopictus to the presence

  4. Surgical Management of Massive Labial Edema in a Gravid Preeclamptic Diabetic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer S. Lindsey

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Massive labial edema is a rare complication during pregnancy that can jeopardize vaginal delivery, as well as leading to maternal and fetal morbidity. It can be related to systemic pathologies, but has been commonly associated with preeclampsia and diabetes. This increased and sometimes longstanding pressure may result in a “labial compartment syndrome” leading to microvascular damage and tissue necrosis if not resolved in a timely fashion. Case. Massive labial edema was treated first conservatively and then surgically in a gravid diabetic patient with severe preeclampsia. Immediately after Cesarean section, the labial compartment syndrome was relieved surgically and resolved rapidly. Conclusion. When conservative attempts at management of labial edema fail, or rapid resolution is critical to maternal and fetal outcome, surgical alternatives should be considered.

  5. Recurrent incarceration of the retroverted gravid uterus at term - two times transvaginal caesarean section : a case report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Tuuk, K.; Krenning, R.A.; Krenning, G.; Monincx, W.M.

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Persistent retroversion of a gravid uterus (incarceration) in the third trimester is an extremely rare diagnosis and is only scarcely been described. Its prevalence may lead to increased foetal mortality and maternal morbidity. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case where a 35-year-old

  6. The effect of gestational diabetes, pre-gravid maternal obesity, and their combination ('diabesity') on outcomes of singleton gestations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blickstein, Isaac; Doyev, Reut; Trojner Bregar, Andreja; Bržan Šimenc, Gabrijela; Verdenik, Ivan; Tul, Natasa

    2018-03-01

    To assess the effect of the combination of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and pre-gravid obesity ('diabesity') in singleton gestations. We compared perinatal outcomes of singleton gestations in mothers with GDM and pre-gravid obesity, with GDM but with normal pre-gravid BMI, and obese mothers without GDM. We compared diabesity mothers (n = 1525, 24.4% of mothers with GDM, 9.9% of all obese women) to mothers with GDM but with normal BMI (n = 4704, 75.6% of mothers with GDM) and to obese mothers without GDM (n = 13,937, 90.1% of all obese mothers). Obesity, with and without GDM, increased the odds of having chronic hypertension whereas preeclampsia appears to be influenced by obesity only, as were the risk of births at 4000 g, low 5-min Apgar scores and NICU admissions. Obesity (without diabetes) is more frequently associated with adverse perinatal outcomes than diabesity or GDM in non-obese mothers. A campaign to decrease pre-gravid obesity should have at least the same priority as any campaign to control GDM.

  7. Sampling gravid Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Tanzania with traps baited with synthetic oviposition pheromone and grass infusions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mboera, L.E.G.; Takken, W.; Mdira, K.Y.; Pickett, J.A.

    2000-01-01

    The effectiveness of traps baited with (5R,6S)-6-acetoxy-5-hexadecanolide (the synthetic oviposition pheromone) and grass infusions in sampling a population of gravid Culex quinquefasciatus Say was conducted in Muheza, Northeast Tanzania. A counterflow geometry (CFG) trap baited with pheromone and

  8. Do Sesamia nonagrioides (Lepidoptera; Noctuidae) gravid females discriminate between Bt or multivitamin corn varieties? Role of olfactory and visual cues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruz, Diego; Eizaguirre, Matilde

    2015-01-01

    The Mediterranean corn borer, Sesamia nonagrioides Lefèbvre, is a key pest of corn and a main target of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn in Northeast Spain. Trends for future biotechnology crops indicate that Bt, non-Bt, and stacked corn varieties with metabolic pathways for vitamin-increased traits could coexist in same region. Knowledge of the oviposition response of gravid females of S. nonagrioides to these different varieties could be extremely important for managing strategies aimed for delaying resistance development. In dual-choice assays, we examined the host preference of gravid females of S. nonagrioides for four corn varieties: a new transgenic corn with increased vitamin levels, its near isogenic counterpart (M37W), a Bt corn plant, and its near isogenic counterpart. Olfactory cues were the predominant ones when gravid females looked for a suitable host to lay eggs, and no synergistic effects were observed when both visual and olfactory cues were present. When the plant was visible, the females preferred the odors emitted by the nontransgenic to its multivitamin transgenic counterpart and when they only could detect the volatiles they also preferred the nontransgenic M37W variety to the Bt corn variety. If gravid females are less attracted to corn with an increased level of vitamins, this could impact insect resistance management and the value of refuge plants, if such traits are stacked with an insect resistance trait. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Entomological Society of America.

  9. Retrograde trafficking of tracer protein by the internal ovarian epithelium in gravid goodeid teleosts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schindler, J F

    1990-02-01

    Gravid goodeid females harbor embryos in a preformed ovarian cavity for prolonged periods of gestation. Various nutrients for embryonic growth are provided by the internal ovarian epithelium (IOE). Its cells flatten during late stages of gestation and form an attenuated layer of cytoplasm covering a dense network of protruding capillaries, with the nuclear domains mostly recessing between the vascular meshes. The IOE in both Xenotoca eiseni and Girardinichthys viviparus exhibit morphological features associated with vesicular transport of macromolecules. The amounts of rough endoplasmic reticulum in the IOE cells seem insufficient to effectively synthesise proteinaceous secretions. Apparently, it rather serves as a transit route for serum-derived products. Cationized ferritin (CF) was injected into the ovarian cavity of gravid females. The electrostatic ligand spotwise attached to the luminal surface of the IOE and gained access by adsorptive micropinocytosis. Many tracer molecules were sequestered into lysosome-like vacuoles that became increasingly swollen after prolonged incubation intervals. In addition, CF traversed the IOE within small vesicles. At the basal pole of the cells the contents of transcytotic vesicles were evacuated, and localization of small CF-clusters was regularly in the basement lamina, in the underlying connective tissue, in vacuoles within migrant cells, in vesicular compartments of the capillary endothelia, in capillary lumina, and in intravascular leucocytes. Tracer molecules were never observed to enter stacked Golgi cisternae. Since the cationic marker probably follows retrograde pathways of the protein secretion, the experimental data support the morphologically derived conclusions that postulate a major role for the IOE in transepithelial transport.

  10. Volatiles emitted from eight wound-isolated bacteria differentially attract gravid screwworms (Diptera: Calliphoridae) to oviposit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaudhury, M F; Skoda, S R; Sagel, A; Welch, J B

    2010-05-01

    Bovine blood inoculated with bacteria isolated from screwworm [Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) (Diptera: Calliphoridae)]-infested animal wounds was tested as an attractant for oviposition for gravid screwworms. Eight species of gram-negative coliform (Enterobacteriaceae) bacteria mixed with bovine blood singly or all species combined and incubated for various times produced volatiles that attracted gravid flies in a cage bioassay in varying numbers. In 15-min duration tests, volatiles from five species of bacteria (Klebsiella oxytoca, Proteus mirabilis, Proteus vulgaris, Providencia rettgeri, and Providencia stuartii) attracted more females than volatiles of the three species (Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter sakazakii, and Serratia liquefaciens). In 1-h duration oviposition tests, volatiles from the substrate using the same five species of bacteria attracted more females to oviposit than the other three species. Volatiles from 24-h incubation period elicited least attraction and oviposition whereas volatiles from the 48- and 72-h incubation period resulted in significantly more attraction and oviposition. Attraction and oviposition decreased significantly when the substrates were incubated for 96 h. Volatiles from substrate with all species of bacteria combined attracted a significantly higher percentage of flies to land and oviposit than those from substrates prepared with single species. It is possible that multiple active chemicals present in volatiles of the all-species substrate may act as synergists resulting in greater response than those observed with volatiles from single-species substrate. Before oviposition flies took a bloodmeal from the oviposition substrate. It is possible that the oviposition is moderated by two different factors in screwworm-first, by using a chemical cue to land on a potential oviposition site and second, by using a bloodmeal to stimulate oviposition.

  11. Værdier med mening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gørtz, Kim

    Bogen handler om at frigøre arbejdet med værdier fra tekniske og pragmatiske operationer - og tilsigter herved at øge forståelsen for hvilke grundlæggende fejl, udfordringer og faldgruber, der typisk forekommer i forbindelse med værdiarbejdet, personligt såvel som organisatorisk....

  12. CAM on PubMed

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... PubMed provides access to citations from the MEDLINE database and additional life science journals. It also includes links to many full-text articles at journal Web sites and other related Web resources. Sample Searches ...

  13. Unges friluftsliv set med integrationsbriller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gentin, Sandra

    2010-01-01

    Det er almindelig kendt, at indvandrere ikke deltager i foreningsliv i samme omfang som etniske danskere. Det er der forsøgt rådet bod på ved at invitere unge med anden etnisk baggrund end dansk til at dyrke spejdersport i henholdsvis Varde og København NV. Tilgangen til at integrere de unge var ...... friluftsliv blandt unge etniske danskere og unge med anden etnisk baggrund....

  14. Evaluation of a nonanal-trimethylamine lure for collection of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) in gravid traps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irish, S R; Moore, S J; Bruce, J; Birkett, M A; Cameron, M M

    2013-05-01

    Gravid traps are useful tools for monitoring vector-borne pathogens in mosquitoes, particularly for those pathogens transmitted by Culex quinquefasciatus Say. One of the primary challenges in the use of gravid traps is the necessity of the inclusion of an oviposition attractant, usually an infusion of organic material, which changes in attractiveness over time. However, a standardized lure, using nonanal and trimethylamine (N + TMA), has been developed and is commercially available. The N + TMA lure was tested against grass infusion and tap water in Tanzania, where Cx. quinquefasciatus is a vector of lymphatic filariasis. Traps baited with grass infusion collected significantly more mosquitoes than N + TMA-baited traps, which collected significantly more than traps baited with tap water. The advantages and disadvantages of the standardized lure are discussed.

  15. Multiorgan dysfunction in a gravid woman with placental abruption and disseminated intravascular coagulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kezić Aleksandra

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The most frequent obstetrical cause of coagulation disorders as disseminated intravascular coagulation is placental abruption, which can be found in women without any apparent clinical disturbances or in the state of established preeclampsia. Hypertension occurs in 5-8% of all pregnancies and may be complicated by preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is a complex clinical syndrome with insufficiently clear pathophysiology based on the damage of the vascular endothelium. As a result of this, generalized endothelial disruption in preeclampsia, a multiorgan dysfunction, can develop, most frequently reflected in the clinical presentation with hematological and renal disturbances and with a disordered function of the liver and central nervous system. We are presenting a case of a gravid woman with poorly regulated hypertension that resulted from development of preeclampsia, later complicated by placental abruption and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC with multi-organ dysfunction. The importance of rapid recognition of coagulation disorder and the attempt at surgical treatment aiming at removal of the triggering mechanisms of DIC was shown, suggesting all the symptomatic therapeutic measures would be ineffective. Although our patient was surgically treated in the phase of generalized disorder characterized by development of coma, acute respiratory distress syndrome and renal insufficiency when mortality was 70%, the recovery of functions of all involved organs was achieved, except for the renal function that required chronic haemodialysis treatment.

  16. Angiotensin peptides in the non-gravid uterus: Paracrine actions beyond circulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casalechi, Maíra; Dela Cruz, Cynthia; Lima, Luiza C; Maciel, Luciana P; Pereira, Virgínia M; Reis, Fernando M

    2018-03-01

    The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) involves a complex network of precursors, peptides, enzymes and receptors comprising a systemic (endocrine) and a local (paracrine/autocrine) system. The local RAS plays important roles in tissue modulation and may operate independently of or in close interaction with the circulatory RAS, acting in a complementary fashion. Angiotensin (Ang) II, its receptor AT 1 and Ang-(1-7) expression in the endometrium vary with menstrual cycle, and stromal cell decidualization in vitro is accompanied by local synthesis of angiotensinogen and prorenin. Mas receptor is unlikely to undergo marked changes accompanying the cyclic ovarian steroid hormone fluctuations. Studies investigating the functional relevance of the RAS in the non-gravid uterus show a number of paracrine effects beyond circulation and suggest that RAS peptides may be involved in the pathophysiology of proliferative and fibrotic diseases. Endometrial cancer is associated with increased expression of Ang II, Ang-converting enzyme 1 and AT 1 in the tumoral tissue compared to neighboring non-neoplastic endometrium, and also with a gene polymorphism that enhances AT 1 signal. Ang II induces human endometrial cells to transdifferentiate into cells with myofibroblast phenotype and to synthetize extracellular matrix components that might contribute to endometrial fibrosis. Altogether, these findings point to a fully operating RAS within the uterus, but since many concepts rely on preliminary evidence further studies are needed to clarify the role of the local RAS in uterine physiology and pathophysiology. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. A gravid lizard from the Cretaceous of China and the early history of squamate viviparity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yuan; Evans, Susan E.

    2011-09-01

    Although viviparity is most often associated with mammals, roughly one fifth of extant squamate reptiles give birth to live young. Phylogenetic analyses indicate that the trait evolved more than 100 times within Squamata, a frequency greater than that of all other vertebrate clades combined. However, there is debate as to the antiquity of the trait and, until now, the only direct fossil evidence of squamate viviparity was in Late Cretaceous mosasauroids, specialised marine lizards without modern equivalents. Here, we document viviparity in a specimen of a more generalised lizard, Yabeinosaurus, from the Early Cretaceous of China. The gravid female contains more than 15 young at a level of skeletal development corresponding to that of late embryos of living viviparous lizards. This specimen documents the first occurrence of viviparity in a fossil reptile that was largely terrestrial in life, and extends the temporal distribution of the trait in squamates by at least 30 Ma. As Yabeinosaurus occupies a relatively basal position within crown-group squamates, it suggests that the anatomical and physiological preconditions for viviparity arose early within Squamata.

  18. Med det sociale som designmateriale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Eva; Binder, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    Samarbejde, samskabelse og social nysgerrighed er i dag en præmis for den nyskabende designer. Det sociale er det nye designmateriale som unge designere giver sig i kast med når f.eks. Emmy Linde samarbejder med plejehjemsbeboere, deres pårørende, plejepersonale og fysioterapeuter for at designe...... inviterer til aktivitet og ’wayfinding’ gradvist tog form gennem afprøvning og dialog. Denne designpraksis kaldes ’kollaborativ design’ eller i kort form ’codesign’. Men hvad er godt design med ’det sociale’ som designmateriale? Og hvad er vedkommende samtidsdesign når designere og designstuderende slipper...... de faste holdepunkter i studiokulturen og den kanon for dansk design som mange ser det som en vigtig opgave at være kurator for? Det er nogle af de spørgsmål som kapitlet kredse om....

  19. Ud at se med Erasmus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frandsen, Pernille

    2009-01-01

    Få lidt luft under vingerne, kom ud at møde udenlandske kolleger og se, hvordan man også kan lave uddannelsesbibliotek. Med begejstring fortæller tre bibliotekarer om deres oplevelser i det store udland – alt sammen finansieret af Erasmus.......Få lidt luft under vingerne, kom ud at møde udenlandske kolleger og se, hvordan man også kan lave uddannelsesbibliotek. Med begejstring fortæller tre bibliotekarer om deres oplevelser i det store udland – alt sammen finansieret af Erasmus....

  20. Informationsledelse med mindset-map

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Lars

    i ring og skaber splid frem for samarbejde, og om indholdet er opstået på tilfældigheder. Med informationsledelse får du kompetencer til at skabe meningsfuld information ved at holde brugerfokus hele vejen gennem projektet og reducere kompleksiteten, hvad enten du skal bage kage, bygge motorveje...

  1. Fotofilm om musikterapi med flygtninge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindvang, Charlotte

    2016-01-01

    mennesker fra andre kulturer. Musikken er et universelt sprog og musik kan derfor være et mødested. Musikterapi i forbindelse med voksne traumatiserede flygtninge giver god mening, fordi musikken giver mulighed for at regulere den stress som sidder i krop og sind. Flygtningebørn kan have svært ved at udtale...

  2. Med Kingo på dybt vand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arndal, Lars Stubbe

    2014-01-01

    Tag med digteren Thomas Kingo ud på dybt vand i selskab med lektor og mag.art. Lars Arndal, der kaster nye perspektiver på Kingos forlisdigt Hierte-Suk. Arndal kommer hermed også med et bud på, hvordan man som lærer kan invitere eleverne med på opdagelse i digtet...

  3. Use of the CDC autocidal gravid ovitrap to control and prevent outbreaks of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrera, Roberto; Amador, Manuel; Acevedo, Veronica; Caban, Belkis; Felix, Gilberto; Mackay, Andrew J

    2014-01-01

    Populations ofAedes aegypti (L.) can be managed through reductions in adult mosquito survival, number of offspring produced, or both. Direct adult mortality can be caused by the use of space sprays or residual insecticides to mosquito resting sites, and with a variety of residual insecticide-impregnated surfaces that are being tested, such as curtains, covers for water-storage vessels, bednets, and ovitraps. The fertility ofAe. aegypti populations can be reduced by the use of autocidal oviposition cups that prevent the development of mosquitoes inside the trap by mechanical means or larvicides, as well as by releasing sterile, transgenic, and para-transgenic mosquitoes. Survival and fertility can be simultaneously reduced by capturing gravid female Ae. aegypti with sticky gravid traps. We tested the effectiveness of the novel Centers for Disease Control and Prevention autocidal gravid ovitrap (CDC-AGO trap) to control natural populations ofAe. aegypti under field conditions in two isolated urban areas (reference vs. intervention areas) in southern Puerto Rico for 1 yr. There were significant reductions in the captures of female Ae. aegypti (53-70%) in the intervention area The presence of three to four AGO control traps per home in 81% of the houses prevented outbreaks of Ae. aegypti, which would be expected after rains. Mosquito captures in BG-Sentinel and AGO traps were significantly and positively correlated, showing that AGO traps are useful and inexpensive mosquito surveillance devices. The use of AGO traps to manage Ae. aegypti populations is compatible with other control means such as source reduction, larviciding, adulticiding, sterile insect techniques, induced cytoplasmic incompatibility, and dominant lethal gene systems.

  4. Fang CO2 med Aminosyrer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lerche, Benedicte Mai

    2010-01-01

    Med såkaldte “carbon capture-teknikker” er det muligt at rense røgen fra kulfyrede kraftværker, således at den er næsten helt fri for drivhusgassen CO2. Kunsten er at gøre processen tilstrækkeligt billig. Et lovende fangstredskab i denne proces er aminosyrer.......Med såkaldte “carbon capture-teknikker” er det muligt at rense røgen fra kulfyrede kraftværker, således at den er næsten helt fri for drivhusgassen CO2. Kunsten er at gøre processen tilstrækkeligt billig. Et lovende fangstredskab i denne proces er aminosyrer....

  5. Use of primary health care prior to a postpartum psychiatric episode

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk-Olsen, Trine; Pedersen, Henrik Søndergaard; Laursen, Thomas Munk

    2015-01-01

    Mange kvinder udvikler psykisk sygdom efter en fødsel. Dette studie undersøger mønstre i kontakten med den praktiserende læge for de kvinder, der rammes efter en fødsel. Resultaterne viser, at de kvinder, som senere udviklede psykisk sygdom, havde betydeligt flere konsultationer hos deres egen læ...

  6. Musikalsk leg med formgivning, timing og vitalitetsformer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holck, Ulla

    2015-01-01

    Ifølge de Udviklingsorienterede Social-Pragmatiske Interventionsformer til børn med Autisme Spektrum Forstyrrelse er en legende indfaldsvinkel, hvor man følger barnets lead, den mest effektive til at engagere yngre børn med autisme eller børn med svær autisme i et gensidigt samspil. Artiklen...

  7. Langtidsforsøg med totrinsforgasseren "Viking"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Ulrik Birk; Ahrenfeldt, Jesper; Bentzen, Jens Dall

    Projektets formål har været at få erfaringer med langtidsdrift, samt at løbende forbedre anlæggets komponenter i takt med de indvundne driftserfaringer. Status for Vikingforgasseren ved projektets afslutning er: • En række komponenter er løbende forbedret med henblik på driftssikkerhed, levetid, ...

  8. Lærere arbejder med landskabsdannelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2012-01-01

    Valg af materiale/medie/form: YOUtube videoklip. Valg af arbejdsform: Lærere der er igang med at afprøve praktisk undersøgende arbejde med danske landskabsformer. Begrundelse for valg af materiale/medie/form/arbejdsform: Ultrakort videoklip valgt så 1) lærerne kan dele med kolleger, 2) øvrige...

  9. Tur-samspil i musikterapi med børn med svære kommunikationsvanskeligheder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holck, Ulla

    2006-01-01

    præcisering af de træk ved barnets deltagelse i tur-samspillet, som kan indgå i musikterapeutisk assessment af samspil med kommunikationssvage børn. Klinisk tager artiklen udgangspunkt i musikterapeutisk samspil med børn med betydelige funktionsnedsættelser, herunder børn med autisme. Artiklens indhold...

  10. Morphological and fecundity traits of Culex mosquitoes caught in gravid traps in urban and rural Berkshire, UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townroe, S; Callaghan, A

    2015-10-01

    Culex pipiens s.l. is one of the primary vectors of West Nile Virus in the USA and Continental Europe. The seasonal abundance and eco-behavioural characteristics of the typical form, Cx. pipiens pipiens, make it a key putative vector in Britain. Surveillance of Culex larvae and adults is essential to detect any changes to spatial and seasonal activity or morphological traits that may increase the risk of disease transmission. Here we report the use of the modified Reiter gravid box trap, which is commonly used in the USA but scarcely used in the UK, to assess its suitability as a tool for British female Culex mosquito surveillance. Trapping was carried out at 110 sites in urban and rural gardens in Berkshire in May, July and September 2013. We tested if reproductively active adult female Culex are more abundant in urban than rural gardens and if wing characteristic traits and egg raft size are influenced by location and seasonal variations. Gravid traps were highly selective for Culex mosquitoes, on average catching significantly more per trap in urban gardens (32.4 ± 6.2) than rural gardens (19.3 ± 4.0) and more in July than in May or September. The majority of females were caught alive in a good condition. Wing lengths were measured as an indicator of size. Females flying in September were significantly smaller than females in May or July. Further non-significant differences in morphology and fecundity between urban and rural populations were found that should be explored further across the seasons.

  11. Politiske diskussioner med familie og venner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levinsen, Klaus; Yndigegn, Carsten

    2016-01-01

    Unge mennesker diskuterer gerne politik med familie og venner, men de er tilbøjelige til at undgå at diskutere politik med personer, der har andre holdninger end dem selv – både når det drejer sig om deres familiemedlemmer, venner og kærester.......Unge mennesker diskuterer gerne politik med familie og venner, men de er tilbøjelige til at undgå at diskutere politik med personer, der har andre holdninger end dem selv – både når det drejer sig om deres familiemedlemmer, venner og kærester....

  12. Hva er det med Irma?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Beate Reinertsen

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article is about formative quality assessment in a posthuman or newmaterial perspective; embodied knowledges.  Theory and method are written together in immanence to envision complexity.  The aim and scope of the article is to follow the flow of events Irma produces opening up for affirmative poetical critique praxis. Quality is forwarded as an intensity and force in a moment only.  The moment is therefore the only structure of the text, as moving quality. The intention and inner logic of the text is therefore designed to work against fixed definitions and conceptualizations of what quality and quality assessment is.  This way I hope to show what posthuman and newmaterial approaches can contribute with to build cultures of innovation in which quality is assessed and produces again and again. They put differences to work and open up for creating moments of educational justice. Sammendrag: Artikkelen handler om kvalitetsvurdering i et nymaterielt perspektiv: Kroppslig kunnskap og viten. Teori og metode skrives sammen i immanent samtidighet for å gi et bilde på kompleksitet. Både hensikt og mål med artikkelen er å følge den flyten som Irma som hendelse eller event produserer, for å åpne opp potensialitet for en bekreftende eller affirmativ poetiserende kritikkpraksis og en ny forståelse av- og vurdering for kvalitet. Kvalitet skrives fram som en hendelse, intensitet eller kraft i et øyeblikk. Øyeblikket er derfor tekstens eneste og bærende struktur, som kvalitet i bevegelse. Tekstens indre logikk har slik til hensikt å motvirke forsøk på å skape definerte, faste eller bestemte oppfatninger av hva kvalitet er og hvordan kvalitet kan vurderes. På denne måten håper jeg å vise hva nymaterielle perspektiver kan gjøre for å bygge kulturer for innovasjon hvor kvalitet vurderes og produseres igjen og igjen. De setter forskjellighet i bevegelse og åpner opp for å skape rettferdige utdanningsøyeblikk.

  13. Use of antiepileptic drugs during pregnancy and risk of spontaneous abortion and stillbirth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Bodil Hammer; Kjaersgaard, Maiken Ina Siegismund; Pedersen, Henrik Søndergaard

    2014-01-01

    brugte antileptika. Der var dog forskel på, om de kvinder, der valgte at bruge antiepileptika under graviditeten, var diagnosticeret med epilepsi eller ej. I analyser alene af kvinder med epilepsi var der ingen forskel i risikoen for spontan abort, når kvinder, der indtog medicin i graviditeten, blev...... sammenlignet med kvinder, der ikke indtog medicin. Hos kvinder uden epilepsi havde de, der indtog medicin, en 30 % øget risiko for spontan abort sammenlignet med dem, der ikke indtog medicin. Forskellen kan måske forklares ved manglende kontrol for andre risikofaktorer (confounding). Analyserne tager højde...... for alder, samlivsforhold, indkomst, uddannelsesniveau, tidligere mental sygdom og tidligere stofmisbrug. Samlet indikerer undersøgelsen, at der generelt ikke er en øget risiko for at få en spontan abort ved brug af antiepileptika − i det mindste ikke for kvinder med epilepsi. Der blev ikke fundet nogen...

  14. Specifik mutation med nålestiksoperation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holme, Inger; Wendt, Toni; Brinch-Pedersen, Henrik

    2014-01-01

    Mutanter af byg er vigtige i forskningen og benyttes også, når der forædles nye sorter til dyrkning. Hidtil har det kun været muligt at inducere mutationer tilfældige steder i genomet. Med helt ny teknologi benyttes proteiner med betegnelsen TALENs til at inducere mutationer i helt specifikke...

  15. Automation med pneumatiske servodrev - status og fremtid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Paul Haase

    1996-01-01

    Der er råd for problemer med ulineariteter. Med de nyeste metoder kan der lineære driftsområde udvides. Men pneumatikkomponenter skal være af høj kvalitet, når positionering skal være nøjagtig....

  16. Erfaringer med akkreditering af socialt arbejde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trine Kokholm

    2016-03-01

    med akkreditering blandt døgninstitutioner og specialskoler landet over gennem vores erfaringer med Akkreditering Danmarks kvalitetsmodel – en model som i dag anvendes af ca. 200 sociale tilbud landet over, kommunale såvel som private.

  17. Redefining the MED13L syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adegbola, Abidemi; Musante, Luciana; Callewaert, Bert; Maciel, Patricia; Hu, Hao; Isidor, Bertrand; Picker-Minh, Sylvie; Le Caignec, Cedric; Delle Chiaie, Barbara; Vanakker, Olivier; Menten, Björn; Dheedene, Annelies; Bockaert, Nele; Roelens, Filip; Decaestecker, Karin; Silva, João; Soares, Gabriela; Lopes, Fátima; Najmabadi, Hossein; Kahrizi, Kimia; Cox, Gerald F; Angus, Steven P; Staropoli, John F; Fischer, Ute; Suckow, Vanessa; Bartsch, Oliver; Chess, Andrew; Ropers, Hans-Hilger; Wienker, Thomas F; Hübner, Christoph; Kaindl, Angela M; Kalscheuer, Vera M

    2015-10-01

    Congenital cardiac and neurodevelopmental deficits have been recently linked to the mediator complex subunit 13-like protein MED13L, a subunit of the CDK8-associated mediator complex that functions in transcriptional regulation through DNA-binding transcription factors and RNA polymerase II. Heterozygous MED13L variants cause transposition of the great arteries and intellectual disability (ID). Here, we report eight patients with predominantly novel MED13L variants who lack such complex congenital heart malformations. Rather, they depict a syndromic form of ID characterized by facial dysmorphism, ID, speech impairment, motor developmental delay with muscular hypotonia and behavioral difficulties. We thereby define a novel syndrome and significantly broaden the clinical spectrum associated with MED13L variants. A prominent feature of the MED13L neurocognitive presentation is profound language impairment, often in combination with articulatory deficits.

  18. Musikterapi med børn med fysiske og psykiske funktionsnedsættelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holck, Ulla

    2014-01-01

    Indledning: I Danmark er der en lang tradition for musikterapeutisk arbejde med børn med fysiske og psykiske funktionsnedsættelser, og herunder børn med autismespektrumforstyrrelser. De ældste casebeskrivelser stammer fra 1940’erne, og op gennem 50’erne, 60’erne og 70’erne kombinerede pionerermed...

  19. Dispersal and oviposition of laboratory-reared gravid females of Toxorhynchites moctezuma in an arid urban area of Sonora, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macías-Duarte, Alberto; Alvarado-Castro, J Andrés; Dórame-Navarro, María E; Félix-Torres, A Amalia

    2009-12-01

    Dengue is a serious public health problem worldwide. Biological control of its vector, Aedes aegypti, remains a feasible option in light of increasing urbanization and insecticide resistance. We studied the dispersal and oviposition activity of Toxorhynchites moctezuma in a dengue-endemic urban area in SSonora, Mexico, to provide information about the potential of Toxorhynchites as a control agent for Ae. aegypti in arid areas. We released 210 and 100 laboratory-reared gravid females of Tx. moctezuma in 2 city blocks during the summer and fall of 1993. We set 3 1-liter containers and 1 car tire as sentinel traps at each of 10 backyards within each city block. Spatial and temporal patterns of dispersal and oviposition activity differed between city blocks and between releases. However, a Cox regression analysis showed no significant difference in the per-day probability of Tx. moctezuma oviposition events in sentinel traps between summer and fall releases. Per-day oviposition probability was nearly 5 times greater for sentineltraps that contained larvae of Ae. aegypti, suggesting a high specificity of the predator for its prey. The proportion of sentinel traps positive for Tx. moctezuma eggs did not increase substantially after the 8th day piost-release, reaching 66% and 23% for sentinel traps with and without Ae. aegypti larvae, respectively.

  20. Personer med fysiske handicap og psykiske lidelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Malene Rode; Larsen, Mona

    2018-01-01

    Det er velkendt, at personer med fysiske handicap i større omfang er i beskæftigelse end personer med psykiske lidelser. Formålet med dette notat er at forøge den eksisterende viden om, hvorfor der er forskel på de to gruppers beskæftigelsesomfang. Vi undersøger, om forskelle mellem de to grupper......, hvad angår en række målbare personkarakteristika og deres sammenhæng med gruppernes beskæftigelsessandsynlighed, spiller en rolle i denne forbindelse. De undersøgte personkarakteristika er: a) personforhold som fx alder, etnisk oprindelse, uddannelse og sværhedsgrad af handicap, b) personlighedstræk...

  1. Effektelektronik - teknologi med energibesparelser og forbedret performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaabjerg, Frede

    2004-01-01

    Lige siden transistoren blev opfundet, har det altid været ønskeligt at kunne anvende en sådan til at styre store strømme/spændinger i elektriske systemer. Det er teknologisk også sket, først med tyristorer til styring af store effekter, men siden hen også med den bipolare transistor MOSFET, samt...

  2. Ud med Freud, Marx og Lacan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clasen, Mathias

    2009-01-01

    Det er på høje tid, at humanister løsriver sig fra deres forældede teorier. Freud, Marx og Lacan skal erstattes med evolutionspsykologi, biologi og kognitionsvidenskab.......Det er på høje tid, at humanister løsriver sig fra deres forældede teorier. Freud, Marx og Lacan skal erstattes med evolutionspsykologi, biologi og kognitionsvidenskab....

  3. Ukraine i fokus sammen med Georgien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fledelius, Karsten

    2017-01-01

    Der er god grund til at sammenligne Ukraine og Georgien, nu fokuslande for Danmark, og der er god grund til at støtte disse to eks-sovjetiske stater med i høj grad parallelle problemer.......Der er god grund til at sammenligne Ukraine og Georgien, nu fokuslande for Danmark, og der er god grund til at støtte disse to eks-sovjetiske stater med i høj grad parallelle problemer....

  4. Sociale indsatser til mennesker med ADHD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bengtsson, Steen; Alim, Winnie; Holmskov, Henriette

    Igennem de seneste år har flere og flere fået stillet diagnosen ADHD, som er en adfærdsmæssig forstyrrelse. Mennesker med ADHD har meget forskelligt støttebehov, og rapportens formål er at skabe overblik over de eksisterende sociale indsatser og tilbud til børn, unge og voksne med ADHD. Langt de...... ansvar for sociale end for terapeutiske tilbud i forhold til gruppen med ADHD. Mange voksne med ADHD beskriver, at det kræver mange ressourcer at få den fornødne støtte fra kommunen, mens forældre til børn med ADHD oplever det som nemmere at få adgang til de rette støttetilbud. Men begge grupper møder...... mange udfordringer som fx manglende koordinering og hyppige sagsbehandlerskift. Rapporten er udarbejdet i tilknytning til Servicestyrelsens projekt ’Ny og forstærket indsats til børn, unge og voksne med ADHD’ og er finansieret af Socialministeriet....

  5. The MED-SUV Multidisciplinary Interoperability Infrastructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzetti, Paolo; D'Auria, Luca; Reitano, Danilo; Papeschi, Fabrizio; Roncella, Roberto; Puglisi, Giuseppe; Nativi, Stefano

    2016-04-01

    In accordance with the international Supersite initiative concept, the MED-SUV (MEDiterranean SUpersite Volcanoes) European project (http://med-suv.eu/) aims to enable long-term monitoring experiment in two relevant geologically active regions of Europe prone to natural hazards: Mt. Vesuvio/Campi Flegrei and Mt. Etna. This objective requires the integration of existing components, such as monitoring systems and data bases and novel sensors for the measurements of volcanic parameters. Moreover, MED-SUV is also a direct contribution to the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) as one the volcano Supersites recognized by the Group on Earth Observation (GEO). To achieve its goal, MED-SUV set up an advanced e-infrastructure allowing the discovery of and access to heterogeneous data for multidisciplinary applications, and the integration with external systems like GEOSS. The MED-SUV overall infrastructure is conceived as a three layer architecture with the lower layer (Data level) including the identified relevant data sources, the mid-tier (Supersite level) including components for mediation and harmonization , and the upper tier (Global level) composed of the systems that MED-SUV must serve, such as GEOSS and possibly other global/community systems. The Data level is mostly composed of existing data sources, such as space agencies satellite data archives, the UNAVCO system, the INGV-Rome data service. They share data according to different specifications for metadata, data and service interfaces, and cannot be changed. Thus, the only relevant MED-SUV activity at this level was the creation of a MED-SUV local repository based on Web Accessible Folder (WAF) technology, deployed in the INGV site in Catania, and hosting in-situ data and products collected and generated during the project. The Supersite level is at the core of the MED-SUV architecture, since it must mediate between the disparate data sources in the layer below, and provide a harmonized view to

  6. Social indsats til borgere med erfaring fra salg af sex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, Line; Amilon, Anna; Henriksen, Theresa Dyrvig

    2017-01-01

    Formålet med denne guide er at give endnu flere kommuner inspiration og vejledning til, hvordan man kan implementere og arbejde med CTI-forløb over for borgere med prostitutionserfaring. Manglende viden om borgere med prostitutionserfaringer gør det svært for kommunerne at hjælpe borgerne med de ...

  7. A marvel of precision: MedAustron

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2013-01-01

    MedAustron, which is currently being built in Austria, will be one of the most advanced centres for ion beam therapy and research in Europe. It is based on the same design as the Italian National Centre for Oncological Hadrontherapy (CNAO), which in turn is based on the CERN-led Proton Ion Medical Machine Study (PIMMS). MedAustron should welcome its first patient at the end of 2015.   Layout of the MedAustron accelerator complex.  With three ion-sources, a linac, a synchrotron and four irradiation rooms (see picture), MedAustron is a huge accelerator complex. Among other equipment, it comprises 300 magnets of 30 different types, all designed at CERN but produced at different sites: “We are working with five main suppliers from Europe and Russia,” explains Thomas Zickler, leader of the MedAustron magnet group. “All the magnets come to CERN to undergo a series of strict acceptance tests.” From the interfaces, to the electrical insulation, the co...

  8. PubMed Medical Publications From Libya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bakoush O

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Medical research and publications are the back-bone for advancing the medical field. We identified the PubMed medical publications that are affiliated with Libya to shed some light on the contribution of this country’s medical community to the PubMed database. All publications affiliated with Libya in the PubMed were counted over a five year period ending December 2006. We also used the same method to obtain data on the PubMed medical publications from Tunisia, Morocco and Yemen. Tunisia had the largest number of PubMed publications among the studied countries: 20.4 publications per million population per year and 7.2 publications per year per one billion US$ GDP. Libya had much fewer publications: 2.4 publications per million population per year and 0.4 publications per one billion US$ GDP. The citation frequency for Libyan published research was very low compared to Tunisian and Moroccan related research. Conclusion: This preliminary analysis shows that medical research output in Libya is about twenty times less than in other countries with similar backgrounds, and that it needs to be enhanced.

  9. Ti år med formidlingspligt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Gitte

    2014-01-01

    Jubilæet blev markeret ved et symposium - men hvor var journalisterne, og hvor var forskerne? For få uger siden lagde TV 2 hus til et symposium om videnskab, formidling, journalistik og spin. Danske Videnskabsjournalister og Akademiet for de Tekniske Videnskaber tog med arrangementet et behjertet...... initiativ. De ville gøre status efter ti år med lovfæstet formidlingspligt på universiteterne. Samtidig lagde de op til et kritisk blik på universitetsverdenens kommunikationsafdelinger...

  10. Forandringslæring med autismediagnoser?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gustafson, Kari Ingrid; Mørck, Line Lerche

    2013-01-01

    Rasmus’ ændringer i læring, selvforståelse og tilhørsforhold perspektiveres med andre ASF-diagnostiseredes læring udforsket bl.a. gennem gruppeinterviews i regi af Asperger-foreningen. Artiklen byder således på et alternativ i form af at forstå forandringslæring som overskridende læring, med langt større...... hvor fx Asperger-foreningen, lærere og skolebørns- og unges-fællesskaber, samt forældrene er vigtige aktører i overskridelsen af marginalisering....

  11. Hvad SKER der med drikkevandet i USA?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramsay, Loren Mark

    2017-01-01

    Forskellige lande har forskellige traditioner indenfor drikkevandsbehandling. Denne beretning fra ”Water Quality Technology Conference” i USA er set med en særlig vinkel, da forfatteren er amerikansk statsborger, men har arbejdet i den danske vandbranche i mere end 25 år.......Forskellige lande har forskellige traditioner indenfor drikkevandsbehandling. Denne beretning fra ”Water Quality Technology Conference” i USA er set med en særlig vinkel, da forfatteren er amerikansk statsborger, men har arbejdet i den danske vandbranche i mere end 25 år....

  12. Akupunktur til patienten med kvalme og opkastning i forbindelse med kemoterapi - er der evidens for dette?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Birgith; Sørensen, Lene Bundgaard; Stricker, Lisbeth

    2008-01-01

      Patienter, der får kemoterapi med højemetogene stoffer lider stadig af kvalme og opkastning trods understøttende behandling med moderne antieemtika som 5HT3-antagonister eksempelvis ondansetron. Akupunkturstimulation anvendes for flere lidelser i sundhedsvæsenet og det undersøges om der er evid...

  13. PubMed, Internet Grateful Med, and Ovid: a comparison of three MEDLINE Internet interfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Groote, S L

    2000-01-01

    Three MEDLINE Internet interfaces are compared: PubMed, Internet Grateful Med, and Ovid MEDLINE. Although these interfaces all search MEDLINE, significant differences exist in terms of their search interfaces, presentation of results, and special features. This paper examines these variations and explores some of the advantages and disadvantages of the three interfaces.

  14. PubMedReco: A Real-Time Recommender System for PubMed Citations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuel, Hamman W; Zaïane, Osmar R

    2017-01-01

    We present a recommender system, PubMedReco, for real-time suggestions of medical articles from PubMed, a database of over 23 million medical citations. PubMedReco can recommend medical article citations while users are conversing in a synchronous communication environment such as a chat room. Normally, users would have to leave their chat interface to open a new web browser window, and formulate an appropriate search query to retrieve relevant results. PubMedReco automatically generates the search query and shows relevant citations within the same integrated user interface. PubMedReco analyzes relevant keywords associated with the conversation and uses them to search for relevant citations using the PubMed E-utilities programming interface. Our contributions include improvements to the user experience for searching PubMed from within health forums and chat rooms, and a machine learning model for identifying relevant keywords. We demonstrate the feasibility of PubMedReco using BMJ's Doc2Doc forum discussions.

  15. Hypertension hos gravide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Elisabeth R; Johansen, Marianne; Kamper, Anne Lise

    2009-01-01

    There are four major hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia. The indications and efficacy of antihypertensive treatment of the different hypertensive disorders are assessed. Advantages...

  16. Syfilis hos gravide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Tine; Ibsen, Hans Henning Windeløv

    2012-01-01

    The incidence of syphilis in Denmark is rising. In 2010, 377 new cases of syphilis were reported, 36 of these cases in women. Since January 1st 2010 all pregnant women are offered an antenatal syphilis test. This resulted in the finding of seven cases of syphilis among pregnant women in 2010....... This article summarises the clinical and serological findings in syphilis and describes the treatment of the disease, with focus on pregnancy and congenital infection....

  17. Hypertension hos gravide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiesen, Elisabeth R; Johansen, Marianne; Kamper, Anne Lise

    2009-01-01

    There are four major hypertensive disorders in pregnancy: chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia. The indications and efficacy of antihypertensive treatment of the different hypertensive disorders are assessed. Advantag...... and disadvantages of different classes of antihypertensive drugs during pregnancy and lactation are described....

  18. Potential Heating Effect in the Gravid Uterus by Using 3-T MR Imaging Protocols: Experimental Study in Miniature Pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cannie, Mieke M; De Keyzer, Frederik; Van Laere, Sigrid; Leus, Astrid; de Mey, Johan; Fourneau, Catherine; De Ridder, Filip; Van Cauteren, Toon; Willekens, Inneke; Jani, Jacques C

    2016-06-01

    Purpose To determine the changes in temperature within the gravid miniature pig uterus during magnetic resonance (MR) imaging at 3 T. Materials and Methods The study received ethics committee approval for animal experimentation. Fiber-optic temperature sensors were inserted into the fetal brain, abdomen, bladder, and amniotic fluid of miniature pigs (second trimester, n = 2; third trimester, n = 2). In the first trimester (n = 2), the sensors were inserted only into the amniotic fluid (three sacs per miniature pig, for a total of six sacs). Imaging was performed with a 3-T MR imager by using different imaging protocols in a random order for animal, each lasting approximately 15 minutes. The first regimen consisted of common sequences used for human fetal MR examination, including normal specific absorption rate (SAR). The second regimen consisted of five low-SAR sequences, for which three gradient-echo sequences were interspersed with two diffusion-weighted imaging series. Finally, a high-SAR regimen maximized the radiofrequency energy deposition (constrained by the 2-W per kilogram of body weight SAR limitations) by using five single-shot turbo spin-echo sequences. Differences in temperature increases between the three regimens and between the three trimesters were evaluated by using one-way analysis of variance. The maximum cumulative temperature increase over 1 hour was also evaluated. Results Low-SAR regimens resulted in the lowest temperature increase (mean ± standard deviation, -0.03°C ± 0.20), normal regimens resulted in an intermediate increase (0.31°C ± 0.21), and high-SAR regimens resulted in the highest increase (0.56°C ± 0.20) (P < .0001). Mean temperature increase in the third trimester was 0.38°C ± 0.27, with no significant differences compared with the first (0.23°C ± 0.27) and second (0.25°C ± 0.32) trimesters (P = .07). The cumulative temperature increase over 1-hour imaging time with high SAR can reach 2.5°C. Conclusion In pregnant

  19. Global klimaovervågning med GNSS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Finn Bo; Khan, Shfaqat Abbas; Nielsen, Jens Emil

    2010-01-01

    Hvornår bliver de folkerige floddeltaer i Asien ubeboelige, hvornår forsvinder Maldiverne eller som merhuset på Danmarks Vestkyst. Verdenshavene stiger i takt med at ismasserne ved polerne smelter og ledes ud i oceanerne. Et centralt spørgsmål for hele verdenssamfundet er: hvor hurtigt sker det o...

  20. Historien med stort H endte i '89

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Uffe

    2015-01-01

    Revolution. Uffe Østergaard, Jean Monnet professor i europæisk historie på Copenhagen Business School, tager os med op, og betragter debatten om årsagerne til, og betydningen af, Murens fald i fugleperspektiv. Hvorfor var der ingen, der havde forudset begivenhederne?...

  1. MedAustron - Austrian Hadron Therapy Centre

    CERN Document Server

    Benedikt, M; 10.1109/NSSMIC.2008.4774090

    2009-01-01

    MedAustron is a synchrotron based accelerator facility for cancer treatment with proton and carbon ion beams. In addition to the clinical application, the accelerator will also provide beams for non-clinical research, in the fields of medical radiation physics, radiation biology and experimental physics.

  2. Kørsel med spiritus og stoffer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernhoft, Inger Marie; Hels, Tove; Janstrup, Kira

    2012-01-01

    Alkohol er væsentlig hyppigere til stede hos alvorligt tilskadekomne bilister end misbrugs- og lægemiddelstoffer, hvorimod forekomsten hos bilister i trafikken er ligeligt delt mellem alkohol og andre stoffer. Højeste risiko for alvorlige personskadeuheld findes hos bilister, der kører med ulovli...

  3. Musikterapi med børn med svær autisme - en litteraturgennemgang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulla Holck

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Faglitteratur om musikterapi med børn med autisme er omfattende og indeholder såvel kvalitative case-beskrivelser som kvantitative forskningsundersøgelser. I artiklen gennemgås faglitteraturen systematisk med henblik på at specifi cere musikterapiens effekt og virkemåder i forhold til denne målgruppe. Vægten ligger på børn med svær autisme, men litteratur om voksne højtfungerende personer med autisme inddrages også. Forskningslitteraturen viser, at det især er inden for områderne koncentration, visuel opmærksomhed, respons og initiativ, samt brug af stemme og tur-tagning, at musikterapi har en effekt. Case-litteraturen begrunder denne effekt med musikkens evne til at være redundant, anvendelse af imitation og responsfremmende teknikker (overraskelse etc., fælles opbyggede samspilsformer, samt det temporale-interaktive element i improvisatorisk musikterapi. Ud fra en interaktionsteoretisk indfaldsvinkel sammenkobles effekten endvidere med, at den musikalske interaktion hjælper musikterapeuten til at fastholde et dynamisk udtryk, hvilket er afgørende i forhold til en klientgruppe, der ofte giver ´flad´ eller stærkt afvigende feedback.

  4. Psychiatric morbidity and non-participation in breast cancer screening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Line Flytkjær; Pedersen, Anette Fischer; Bech, Bodil Hammer

    2015-01-01

    Dette registerstudie undersøger sammenhængen mellem psykiatrisk morbiditet og ikke-deltagelse i brystkræftscreening. Kvinder med en indikation på psykisk morbiditet havde en 21 % øget sandsynlighed for ikke-deltagelse sammenliget med kvinder uden indikation på psykiatrisk morbiditet (95 % CI: 18-...

  5. Udvendig efterisolering af gavle med præfabrikerede komponenter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørregaard, M.; Stampe, M.; Kjær, A.

    Rapporten bringer resultaterne af et demonstrationsprojekt, hvor en fritliggende gavl på hver af to ældre etageejendomme blev efterisoleret med præfabrikerede komponenter. Den ene gavl blev beklædt med komponenter af fiberbeton monteret fra stillads, den anden med store stålkassetter monteret med...... kran og lift....

  6. Om computerberegnede tommelfingerregler i forbindelse med pensionsopsparing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Michael; Waldstrøm, Stephan

    2013-01-01

    Beslutninger i forbindelse med pension er mange og komplicerede: Hvornår og hvor meget skal spares op, hvordan skal pengene investeres, og hvilke forsikringsydelser skal købes. Obligatoriske pensionsordninger er en ”one size fits all” model, som for mange vil ramme i underkanten af det forventede...... behov. Der er behov for tommelfingerregler, der kan hjælpe alle dem, der på den ene side ikke vil nøjes med deres obligatoriske ordning men på den anden side finder beslutninger om pension of forsikring vanskelige. Modellerne kan aldrig blive perfekte. Det lader sig ikke gøre i en usikker verden. Men de...

  7. Hvad skal vi med Trump-satire?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Mette

    2017-01-01

    Trump-satire er et stort hit, og særligt en lang række satiriske videohilsner til Trump fra lande verden over får folk til at trække på smilebåndet. Men hvorfor er det så sjovt at gøre grin med Trump, og hvad kan vi bruge den politiske humor til?......Trump-satire er et stort hit, og særligt en lang række satiriske videohilsner til Trump fra lande verden over får folk til at trække på smilebåndet. Men hvorfor er det så sjovt at gøre grin med Trump, og hvad kan vi bruge den politiske humor til?...

  8. Analys av nickel med ICP-MS

    OpenAIRE

    Wallman, Karin; Löfgren, Stefan; Sonesten, Lars; Demandt, Christian

    2009-01-01

    Vid en granskning av nickelhalter för perioden 1985-2007 upptäcktes ett nivåskifte i tidsserierna på flera stationer mellan 2001 och 2002. Skiftet visade sig bero på att prover innan 2002 inte korrigerades för kalciuminterferens, medan prover under åren 2002-2007 korrigerades. Syftet med denna rapport är att utreda om resultaten före 2002 i efterhand kan korrigeras för kalciuminterferensen. Från 2002 finns ett antal prover (N=347) med resultat som både är kalciumkorrigerade och som inte är de...

  9. Bøger med QR-lyd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hellensberg, Christina

    2015-01-01

    Anmeldelse af DigiRead engelsk supplerende læsning med QR-lyd. Lyd på QR-koder til bøger kræver smartphone eller tablet; devices, kun nogle elever i indskolingen har adgang til, men som er lige ved hånden for en stor del af mellemtrinnets elever. Men kvaliteten af lyden er god; rigtig god...

  10. Hvordan slipper man af med fantomsmerter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gad, Ulrik Pram

    2008-01-01

    Finn Lynge ligner i Den vanskelige tango dén post-koloniale tilstand, som Grønland befinder sig i, med de smerter, som Peter Freuchen havde i sit træben. Artiklen undersøger, om nye metaforer og en ny sprogpolitik kan bruges som kur mod Grønlands fantomsmerter. Konklusionen er for det første, at ...

  11. Clinical Investigation Program, RCS MED-300 (RI).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-10-01

    was to be the standard of quality for medical botany until well into the medieval period. He accomplished this prodigious task while traveling as a...medical thought until late medieval times. Another little known role of animals in advancing surgery, especially gyne- cologic surgery, in the 16th...Investigation 1. Rothman T:"de Laguna’s commentaries on hallucinogenic drugs and witchcraft in Dioscorides’ materia medica." Bull Hist Med 1972, 46

  12. Inklusion i folkeskolen med musik og musikterapi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindvang, Charlotte

    2014-01-01

    I denne artikel sættes der fokus på nogle af de problemer og udfordringer som knytter sig til kravet om inklusion af børn med særlige behov i den almindelige folkeskole, og der argumenteres for at styrke anvendelsen af musik i forhold til at skabe fællesskab og optimere børnenes opmærksomhed og...

  13. Sydkorea: Teknologiske tigerspring med globale udfordringer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Sydkorea har gennemgået en utrolig udvikling fra u-land til førende i-land i løbet af få årtier. Helt centralt står den teknologiske eksport af elektronik, biler og skibsbyggeri i verdenseliten. Men på trods af de mange succeser er der også udfordringer. Denne analyse viser – med aktuelle eksempl...

  14. Technical development of PubMed Interact: an improved interface for MEDLINE/PubMed searches

    OpenAIRE

    Muin, Michael; Fontelo, Paul

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background The project aims to create an alternative search interface for MEDLINE/PubMed that may provide assistance to the novice user and added convenience to the advanced user. An earlier version of the project was the 'Slider Interface for MEDLINE/PubMed searches' (SLIM) which provided JavaScript slider bars to control search parameters. In this new version, recent developments in Web-based technologies were implemented. These changes may prove to be even more valuable in enhanci...

  15. Med sjefen på Facebook: En studie av ledere som er "venner" med sine ansatte

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Anita

    2014-01-01

    MR690 Masteroppgave i organisasjon og ledelse - utdanningsledelse Formålet med studien er å belyse hvordan aktiv bruk av sosiale medier, i dette tilfellet Facebook, påvirker relasjoner mellom mennesker. Hva skjer når en tar i bruk en websjanger som i utgangspunktet er umiddelbar og uformell, til jobbrelatert og mer formell kommunikasjon? Er det sjangeren eller relasjonen som endres? Søkelyset rettes mot ledere som er “venner” med sine medarbeidere, og problemstillingen er...

  16. Digital kommunikation med den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berger, Jesper; Andersen, Kim Normann

    2013-01-01

    til. I denne undersøgelse sættes der fokus på myndighedernes besvarelse af den digitale post. Digital post blev bl.a. etableret som et alternativ til almindelig e-mail for at det offentlige kan kommunikere med borgere og virksomheder på en sikker måde, dvs. uden at uvedkommende kan få adgang til...... følsomme oplysninger. Fokus for undersøgelsen er hvordan håndterer myndighederne besvarelserne i den digitale postkasse: svarer de på digital post og e-mail, hvor hurtigt svarer de og er svarene brugbare? Undersøgelsen medtager myndighedernes besvarelse af digital post og e-mail, dels for at kunne...... sammenligne de to digitale kanaler og for at kunne sammenligne med en tidligere undersøgelse af digital kommunikation med det offentlige. Herudover er der tidligere gennemført en undersøgelse af e-mail svar og svartider i New Zealand og Australien. De danske resultater fra e-mail undersøgelsen, men ikke...

  17. Digital kommunikation med den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berger, Jesper Bull; Andersen, Kim Normann

    digital postkasse, som borgerne kunne skrive til. I denne undersøgelse sættes der fokus på myndighedernes besvarelse af den digitale post. Digital post blev bl.a. etableret som et alternativ til almindelig e-mail for at det offentlige kan kommunikere med borgere og virksomheder på en sikker måde, dvs....... uden at uvedkommende kan få adgang til følsomme oplysninger. Fokus for undersøgelsen er hvordan håndterer myndighederne besvarelserne i den digitale postkasse: svarer de på digital post og e-mail, hvor hurtigt svarer de og er svarene brugbare? Vi har også undersøgt besvarelse af e-mail, dels...... for at kunne sammenligne de to digitale kanaler og for at kunne sammenligne med en tidligere undersøgelse af digital kommunikation med det offentlige. Herudover er der tidligere gennemført en undersøgelse af e-mail svar og svartider i New Zealand og Australien. De danske resultater fra e-mail undersøgelsen...

  18. Digital kommunikation med den offentlige sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berger, Jesper Bull; Andersen, Kim Normann

    til. I denne undersøgelse sættes der fokus på myndighedernes besvarelse af den digitale post. Digital post blev bl.a. etableret som et alternativ til almindelig e-mail for at det offentlige kan kommunikere med borgere og virksomheder på en sikker måde, dvs. uden at uvedkommende kan få adgang til...... følsomme oplysninger. Fokus for undersøgelsen er hvordan håndterer myndighederne besvarelserne i den digitale postkasse: svarer de på digital post og e-mail, hvor hurtigt svarer de og er svarene brugbare? Undersøgelsen medtager myndighedernes besvarelse af digital post og e-mail, dels for at kunne...... sammenligne de to digitale kanaler og for at kunne sammenligne med en tidligere undersøgelse af digital kommunikation med det offentlige. Herudover er der tidligere gennemført en undersøgelse af e-mail svar og svartider i New Zealand og Australien. De danske resultater fra e-mail undersøgelsen, men ikke...

  19. Technical development of PubMed interact: an improved interface for MEDLINE/PubMed searches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muin, Michael; Fontelo, Paul

    2006-11-03

    The project aims to create an alternative search interface for MEDLINE/PubMed that may provide assistance to the novice user and added convenience to the advanced user. An earlier version of the project was the 'Slider Interface for MEDLINE/PubMed searches' (SLIM) which provided JavaScript slider bars to control search parameters. In this new version, recent developments in Web-based technologies were implemented. These changes may prove to be even more valuable in enhancing user interactivity through client-side manipulation and management of results. PubMed Interact is a Web-based MEDLINE/PubMed search application built with HTML, JavaScript and PHP. It is implemented on a Windows Server 2003 with Apache 2.0.52, PHP 4.4.1 and MySQL 4.1.18. PHP scripts provide the backend engine that connects with E-Utilities and parses XML files. JavaScript manages client-side functionalities and converts Web pages into interactive platforms using dynamic HTML (DHTML), Document Object Model (DOM) tree manipulation and Ajax methods. With PubMed Interact, users can limit searches with JavaScript slider bars, preview result counts, delete citations from the list, display and add related articles and create relevance lists. Many interactive features occur at client-side, which allow instant feedback without reloading or refreshing the page resulting in a more efficient user experience. PubMed Interact is a highly interactive Web-based search application for MEDLINE/PubMed that explores recent trends in Web technologies like DOM tree manipulation and Ajax. It may become a valuable technical development for online medical search applications.

  20. Opbygning af alliance. Musikterapi med en teenagepige fra børnepsykiatrien med diagnosen infantil autisme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inge Nygaard Pedersen

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Denne artikel er et forsøg på at bringe læseren med ind i atmosfæren, i oplevelsen og overvejelserne i forbindelse med opstart på et musikterapiforløb med en patient, som er meget svær at få kontakt med. Den er skrevet i et detaljerigt praksisnært sprog og har på én gang til for mål at starte på dokumentation af musikterapeutisk arbejde i børnepsykiatrien på musikterapiklinikken,APS og at formidle de mange facetter i et allianceopbyggende arbejde med en meget kontaktsvag patient. Artiklen beskriver prøveforløb og første del af et behandlingsforløb og er bygget op, således at praksisbeskrivelser fra enkelte sessioner efterfølges af teoretiske overvejelser over klinisk praksis. Beskrivelsen af prøveforløbet danner samtidig udgangspunkt for en artikel af min kollega Ulla Holck, hvori hun diskuterer musikterapiens appel og virkefelt ud fra et interaktionsteoretisk perspektiv.

  1. Fordeling av verdier med konkurrerende krav

    OpenAIRE

    Sæthre, Morten

    2010-01-01

    Min hensikt er å studere problemstillingen som oppstår når man må fordele begrensede ressurser mellom individer som har eksogene og konkurrerende krav. Jeg vil analytisk beskrive noen populære fordelingsmetoder som har en rekke ønskede egenskaper i denne typen problemstilling. I hovedsak vil jeg ta for meg den aksiomatiske måten å beskrive disse på. I forbindelse med denne analysen har jeg også vært delaktig i et eksperiment der deltakerne møter en analog problemstilling gje...

  2. Lineær programmering med Excel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lynggaard, Peter

    Publikationen giver en introduktion til faget "Lineær programmering". Formulering og løsning bygger på, at modellerne opstilles og løses i et Excel-regneark. Fremgangsmåden er forklaret trin for trin, således at hæftet kan bruges som selvstudiemateriale. Indholdsfortegnelse Generelt om styring og...... planlægning Lineær programmering Excel solveren Fortolkning af udskrifter Degeneration Excel tips Opgaver med løsninger...

  3. Didaktisk kontrakt i matematikklasserom med varierte undervisningsmetoder

    OpenAIRE

    Blaalid, Runar Televik

    2016-01-01

    Master i undervisningsvitenskap, fordypning i matematikkdidaktikk I denne masteravhandlingen undersøker jeg nærmere hvordan den didaktiske kontrakt blir uttrykt i et klasserom med to forskjellige undervisningsmetoder. Fokuset ligger på hvordan forventningene og holdningene til elevene og lærer er i et klasserom som bruker både tradisjonell matematikkundervisning og modellering. Informantene i studien er fire elever i 8.klasse og deres lærer. De blir både observert og intervjuet. Elevene bl...

  4. Manifest for en psykiatri med brugerrespekt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samskabelsesprojekt med psykiatribrugere og pårørende. Psykiatri Manifestet består af forskellige statements om psykiatrien som den opleves set fra brugerperspektiv, og visioner om hvor brugerne ønsker, den skal udvikle sig hen. Brugerne har reageret på Marianne Træbing Sechers invitation via hen...... hendes kontoer på Facebook, Twitter og LinkedIn, samt gennem nedenstående facebooksider og interesseorganisationer. Marianne er ansat som adjunkt på VIA University College og står for videreuddannelse, konsulentarbejde og forskning/udvikling på psykiatriområdet i tilknytning hertil....

  5. Differential Roles of Transcriptional Mediator Complex Subunits Crsp34/Med27, Crsp150/Med14 and Trap100/Med24 During Zebrafish Retinal Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dürr, Katrin; Holzschuh, Jochen; Filippi, Alida; Ettl, Anne-Kathrin; Ryu, Soojin; Shepherd, Iain T.; Driever, Wolfgang

    2006-01-01

    The transcriptional mediator complex has emerged as an important component of transcriptional regulation, yet it is largely unknown whether its subunits have differential functions in development. We demonstrate that the zebrafish mutation m885 disrupts a subunit of the mediator complex, Crsp34/Med27. To explore the role of the mediator in the control of retinal differentiation, we employed two additional mutations disrupting the mediator subunits Trap100/Med24 and Crsp150/Med14. Our analysis shows that loss of Crsp34/Med27 decreases amacrine cell number, but increases the number of rod photoreceptor cells. In contrast, loss of Trap100/Med24 decreases rod photoreceptor cells. Loss of Crsp150/Med14, on the other hand, only slightly reduces dopaminergic amacrine cells, which are absent from both crsp34m885 and trap100lessen mutant embryos. Our data provide evidence for differential requirements for Crsp34/Med27 in developmental processes. In addition, our data point to divergent functions of the mediator subunits Crsp34/Med27, Trap100/Med24, and Crsp150/Med14 and, thus, suggest that subunit composition of the mediator contributes to the control of differentiation in the vertebrate CNS. PMID:16582438

  6. PubMed-EX: a web browser extension to enhance PubMed search with text mining features.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Richard Tzong-Han; Dai, Hong-Jie; Lai, Po-Ting; Huang, Chi-Hsin

    2009-11-15

    PubMed-EX is a browser extension that marks up PubMed search results with additional text-mining information. PubMed-EX's page mark-up, which includes section categorization and gene/disease and relation mark-up, can help researchers to quickly focus on key terms and provide additional information on them. All text processing is performed server-side, freeing up user resources. PubMed-EX is freely available at http://bws.iis.sinica.edu.tw/PubMed-EX and http://iisr.cse.yzu.edu.tw:8000/PubMed-EX/.

  7. COSMO-SkyMed and GIS applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milillo, Pietro; Sole, Aurelia; Serio, Carmine

    2013-04-01

    Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing have become key technology tools for the collection, storage and analysis of spatially referenced data. Industries that utilise these spatial technologies include agriculture, forestry, mining, market research as well as the environmental analysis . Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) is a coherent active sensor operating in the microwave band which exploits relative motion between antenna and target in order to obtain a finer spatial resolution in the flight direction exploiting the Doppler effect. SAR have wide applications in Remote Sensing such as cartography, surface deformation detection, forest cover mapping, urban planning, disasters monitoring , surveillance etc… The utilization of satellite remote sensing and GIS technology for this applications has proven to be a powerful and effective tool for environmental monitoring. Remote sensing techniques are often less costly and time-consuming for large geographic areas compared to conventional methods, moreover GIS technology provides a flexible environment for, analyzing and displaying digital data from various sources necessary for classification, change detection and database development. The aim of this work si to illustrate the potential of COSMO-SkyMed data and SAR applications in a GIS environment, in particular a demostration of the operational use of COSMO-SkyMed SAR data and GIS in real cases will be provided for what concern DEM validation, river basin estimation, flood mapping and landslide monitoring.

  8. Danske børn med sprogforstyrrelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sundahl Olsen, Lone

    2013-01-01

    Denne afhandling sætter fokus på en gruppe af danske børn med specifikke sproglige vanskeligheder (SLI). Fælles for disse børn er, at de har en normal IQ og ingen påviste neurologiske, følelsesmæssige, sociale eller fysiske vanskeligheder; men dette til trods tilegner disse børn sig ikke sproget...... lige så problemløst og let som deres jævnaldrende kammerater. SLI er en sproglig udviklingsforstyrrelse, der kan ramme både ekspressiv og receptivt sprog. Tværsproglig forskning viser, at SLI eksisterer på tværs af forskellige sprog og er veldokumenteret for børn, der tilegner sig engelsk, tysk......, italiensk, svensk og hebræisk osv. Det specifikke udfald af SLI afviger dog fra sprog til sprog, og der er på nuværende tidspunkt ikke udført systematisk forskning, der dokumenterer det specifikke udfald af SLI for danske børn. De primære mål med denne ph.d.-afhandling var at undersøge:  Grammatiske...

  9. MedAustron board visits CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    On 14 October, the board of EBG MedAustron, which is overseeing the construction of Austria’s hadron therapy centre, visited CERN. The visit recognized the relationship of shared knowledge, technology and training between CERN and MedAustron.   Normal.dotm 0 0 1 17 98 cern 1 1 120 12.0 0 false 18 pt 18 pt 0 0 false false false /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} ...

  10. Børn i familier med alkoholmisbrug

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zobbe, Karen; Ertmann, Bo

    Pilotundersøgelsen i Græsted-Gilleleje Kommune er en empirisk undersøgelse, hvis mål er at få dokumenteret og indsamlet kvalificeret viden om en eventuel gråzone bestående af børn, der vokser op i familier med et alkoholmisbrug, uden der er iværksat kommunale støtteforanstaltninger hertil. Denne...... viden er essentiel som grundlag for en forstærket indsats, netop fordi denne gruppe børns vilkår er omgivet af barrierer og tabuer både internt i familierne, men også i relationerne til omgivelserne.Undersøgelsen dokumenterer, at der findes en gråzone af børn i familier med alkoholmisbrug, som ikke...... modtager kommunal hjælp. Pilotundersøgelsen peger også på, at organisatoriske problemstillinger har været begrænsende for iværksættelsen af tiltag over for misbrugsfamilier. Også på det holdningsmæssige plan kan der af pilotundersøgelsen udledes store forskelle i egen og andres opfattelse af, hvilke...

  11. Ødelæg alt muligt med et bogstav

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konzack, Lars

    2017-01-01

    En gang imellem griber en raptus SoMe-Danmark, og så fyldes alles feed med samme slags indhold. Senest overspringshandlede vi med hashtagget #oedelaeg1filmed1bogstav - og alle mulige afledninger af det....

  12. Bygningsdele med celluloseuld og høruld

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2001-01-01

    Resume af rapport med eksempler på bygningsdele med papir- eller hørisolering, der overholder bygningsreglementerne, udarbejdet af Dansk Brandteknisk Institut under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  13. Metodeudvikling af hjælp til familier med børn med handicap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Kirsten; Nørregård, Birgitte

    2000-01-01

    Et undersøgelses- og metodeudviklingsprojekt i relation til forældre til børn med handicap, der passer deres barn i hjemmet. Projektet var finansieret af satspuljemidler. projektet bestod af en række delprojekter, hvis resultater samt anbefalinger til Socialministeriet er samlet i denne evaluerin......Et undersøgelses- og metodeudviklingsprojekt i relation til forældre til børn med handicap, der passer deres barn i hjemmet. Projektet var finansieret af satspuljemidler. projektet bestod af en række delprojekter, hvis resultater samt anbefalinger til Socialministeriet er samlet i denne...

  14. Fine-scale monitoring of routine deep dives by gravid leatherback turtles during the internesting interval indicate a capital breeding strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junichi Okuyama

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The dive behavior of gravid leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea was studied during the internesting interval in two western Pacific nesting regions: Papua Barat, Indonesia, and the Solomon Islands in 2006, 2007 and 2010. We used three types of dive data: time-at-depth data (Papua Barat: N = 4; Solomon Islands: N = 6, intermittent dive data (Papua Barat: N = 6 obtained from ARGOS satellite transmitters, and continuous dive data obtained from recovered semi-archival tags (Papua Barat: N = 1, Solomon Islands: N = 1. All dive data demonstrated that the leatherback turtles routinely dove to deep waters (around 150 m throughout the internesting interval. The continuous dive data showed that turtles spent 37.3% of their time in routine deep dives and that they stayed in cold waters below the thermocline. Fine-scale monitoring (1-s interval, 0.5 m of resolution suggested that these routine deep dives were not accompanied with any wiggles (up-and-down undulations in the depth profile or flat-bottom phases, and they reached deep waters by gliding, which suggests that these dives may have served to conserve energy and/or to thermoregulate. Comparison with the dive behavior in other regions (Costa Rica, French Guiana, Grenada, Malaysia, and St. Croix suggests that gravid leatherback turtles in all regions except French Guiana assume an energy-saving strategy during the internesting interval that involves gliding to or resting on the sea floor in colder water. The behavioral tactics (dive patterns they use, however, differ because of bathymetric constraints.

  15. PubMed Medical Publications From Libya | Bakoush | Libyan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Medical research and publications are the back-bone for advancing the medical field. We identified the PubMed medical publications that are affiliated with Libya to shed some light on the contribution of this country's medical community to the PubMed database. All publications affiliated with Libya in the PubMed were ...

  16. Forsøg med brobygning til EUD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Katznelson, Noemi; Görlich, Anne; Hansen, Niels-Henrik Møller

    En evaluering af 12 projekter, som Arbejdsmarkedsstyrelsen har igangsat i samarbejde med Undervisningsministeriet. De 12 projekter har til hensigt at hjælpe unge på kontanthjælp i gang med en ordinær uddannelse. Der er tale om en midtvejsevaluering , hvorved målet med evalueringen er at give de...

  17. The MEDIATOR genes MED12 and MED13 control Arabidopsis root system configuration influencing sugar and auxin responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raya-González, Javier; López-Bucio, Jesús Salvador; Prado-Rodríguez, José Carlos; Ruiz-Herrera, León Francisco; Guevara-García, Ángel Arturo; López-Bucio, José

    2017-09-01

    Arabidopsis med12 and med13 mutants exhibit shoot and root phenotypes related to an altered auxin homeostasis. Sucrose supplementation reactivates both cell division and elongation in primary roots as well as auxin-responsive and stem cell niche gene expression in these mutants. An analysis of primary root growth of WT, med12, aux1-7 and med12 aux1 single and double mutants in response to sucrose and/or N-1-naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) placed MED12 upstream of auxin transport for the sugar modulation of root growth. The MEDIATOR (MED) complex plays diverse functions in plant development, hormone signaling and biotic and abiotic stress tolerance through coordination of transcription. Here, we performed genetic, developmental, molecular and pharmacological analyses to characterize the role of MED12 and MED13 on the configuration of root architecture and its relationship with auxin and sugar responses. Arabidopsis med12 and med13 single mutants exhibit shoot and root phenotypes consistent with altered auxin homeostasis including altered primary root growth, lateral root development, and root hair elongation. MED12 and MED13 were required for activation of cell division and elongation in primary roots, as well as auxin-responsive and stem cell niche gene expression. Remarkably, most of these mutant phenotypes were rescued by supplying sucrose to the growth medium. The growth response of primary roots of WT, med12, aux1-7 and med12 aux1 single and double mutants to sucrose and application of auxin transport inhibitor N-1-naphthylphthalamic acid (NPA) revealed the correlation of med12 phenotype with the activity of the auxin intake permease and suggests that MED12 acts upstream of AUX1 in the root growth response to sugar. These data provide compelling evidence that MEDIATOR links sugar sensing to auxin transport and distribution during root morphogenesis.

  18. MedAustron-Project overview and status

    CERN Document Server

    Benedikt, M

    2011-01-01

    MedAustron is the Austrian ion therapy and research centre, presently under construction in Wiener Neustadt, Austria. The facility is based on a synchrotron which will deliver proton beams with kinetic energies up to 250 MeV and carbon ion beams up to 400 MeV/nucleon for clinical applications. In addition to the clinical applications, the accelerator will provide beams for nonclinical research in the fields of medical radiation physics, radiation biology and experimental physics with a proton energy range extended beyond medical requirements to 800 MeV. An overview is given on the historical development of the project. The main design features of the accelerator facilities and medical facilities are presented and the actual status of the project is summarized.

  19. Små dimser med store potentialer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg; Dobroczynski, Michal; Gade, Rikke

    2015-01-01

    Fødevare- og medialogiforskere på Aalborg Universitet har de seneste år udviklet og testet en række intelligente enheder. Fælles for dem er, at de er små og kan håndtere store mængder af data om forbrugernes adfærd. Et eksempel er FoodScape Tracker, som i realtid samarbejder med forbrugeren om, h......, hvad denne spiser. En anden ny enhed er Virtual Food Choice Simulator, som virtuelt kan simulere fødevareomgivelser i form af buffeter og supermarkeder uden udgifter til ombygning og fødevarer, og derved vise, hvad forbrugerne ser og ikke ser....

  20. The MedAustron Accelerator Control System

    CERN Document Server

    Gutleber, J; Marchhart, M; Torcato de Matos, C; Dedic, J; Moser, R

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents the architecture and design of the MedAustron accelerator control system. This ion therapy and research facility is currently under construction in Wr. Neustadt, Austria. The accelerator and its control system are designed at CERN. This class of machine is characterized by rich sets of configuration data, real-time reconfiguration needs and high stability requirements. The machine is operated according to a pulse-to-pulse modulation scheme. Each beam cycle is described in terms of ion type, energy, beam dimensions, intensity and spill length. The control system is based on a multi-tier architecture with the aim to achieve a clear separation between front-end devices and their controllers. In-house developments cover a main timing system, a light-weight layer to standardize operation and communication of front-end controllers, fast and slow control of power converters and a procedure programming framework for automating high-level control and data analysis tasks.

  1. Pilotstudie: skriftligt arbejde med egen studiekompetence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Torben Spanget

    2009-01-01

    Det internationale område (dio) er et skriftligt projektarbejde i hhx. Det radikalt nye i dio'en i forhold til traditionelt skriftligt projektarbejde er, at eleven eksplicit skal arbejde med sin egen studiekompetence. Elevens arbejde skal munde ud i en rapport, som har fire bestanddele, dels en...... tværgående forløb, studieområdet (SO), som dio'en er afslutningen på. I artiklen opstilles nogle refleksionsmodeller, som kan benyttes i alle former for fællesfaglig vejledning af eleverne og der gives et bud på nogle bedømmelseskriterier for fællesfaglige projektopgaver....

  2. Searching PubMed during a pandemic.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ole Norgaard

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The 2009 influenza A(H1N1 pandemic has generated thousands of articles and news items. However, finding relevant scientific articles in such rapidly developing health crises is a major challenge which, in turn, can affect decision-makers' ability to utilise up-to-date findings and ultimately shape public health interventions. This study set out to show the impact that the inconsistent naming of the pandemic can have on retrieving relevant scientific articles in PubMed/MEDLINE. METHODOLOGY: We first formulated a PubMed search algorithm covering different names of the influenza pandemic and simulated the results that it would have retrieved from weekly searches for relevant new records during the first 10 weeks of the pandemic. To assess the impact of failing to include every term in this search, we then conducted the same searches but omitted in turn "h1n1," "swine," "influenza" and "flu" from the search string, and compared the results to those for the full string. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: On average, our core search string identified 44.3 potentially relevant new records at the end of each week. Of these, we determined that an average of 27.8 records were relevant. When we excluded one term from the string, the percentage of records missed out of the total number of relevant records averaged 18.7% for omitting "h1n1," 13.6% for "swine," 17.5% for "influenza," and 20.6% for "flu." CONCLUSIONS: Due to inconsistent naming, while searching for scientific material about rapidly evolving situations such as the influenza A(H1N1 pandemic, there is a risk that one will miss relevant articles. To address this problem, the international scientific community should agree on nomenclature and the specific name to be used earlier, and the National Library of Medicine in the US could index potentially relevant materials faster and allow publishers to add alert tags to such materials.

  3. Islamisk mode og stilmæssige strategier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Connie Carøe

    2011-01-01

    sig opmærksomhed i forskellige former for medier - skrevne eller visuelle massemedier eller individualiserede og interaktive medierer. Jeg vil argumentere for at uenighederne om muslimske kvinders påklædning i en dansk kontekst har sammenhæng med de strategier, som muslimske kvinder anvender i deres...

  4. Den drikfældige engel?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Sidsel

    1991-01-01

    Artiklen opfatter kvinders særlige drikkemønstre som et udslag af kultur og ikke (blot) som en konsekvens af kvindens særlige biologi. Udgangspunktet er, at drikkeri ikke passer sammen med den traditionelle kvinderolle. Endnu værre er det dog, hvis kvinder drak i offentligheden. Det er formentlig...

  5. Familien betyder alt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Sofie; Mørck, Yvonne; Sørensen, Bo Wagner

    Denne bog er et resultat af forskningsprojektet ”Vold mod kvinder i etniske minoritetsfamilier – en kvalitativ undersøgelse med fokus på fremadrettede indsatser” udbudt af TrygFonden og Danner. Målet har været at få viden om volden og de aktuelle støttetilbud, idet omkring halvdelen af de kvinder...

  6. Arbeta med rangordningsövningar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan Larsson

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Som lärare söker man alltid efter nya undervisningsformer och övningar som ger bättre förutsättningar för studenternas lärande. Ett exempel på detta är rangordningsövningar. Rangordningsövningarna bygger på variation och jämförelse. Läraren väljer vilka egenskaper som varieras och kan rikta studenternas uppmärksamhet mot just de kritiska aspekter man vill uppmärksamma. Under 2010 har vi arbetat med ett pedagogiskt projekt vid Uppsala Universitet där rangordningsövningar prövats i flera olika naturvetenskapliga ämnen. Målet har varit att introducera, utveckla och pröva rangordningsövningar på svenska, där övningarna också breddats, utvecklats och kopplats till aktuell lärandeteori. Rangordningsövningar har visat sig värdefulla inom  fysik, biologi, kemi och geologi där de visat sig fungera i flera olika studentaktiverande sammanhang, t.ex. som aktiverande moment under föreläsningar, som uppgifter under laborationer och fältövningar, under räkneövningar och vid examination. Rangordningsövningarna har också visat sig fungera som utgångspunkt för mer kvalitativa vetenskapliga resonemang.

  7. Sygemeldte og førtidspensionister med handicap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tørslev, Mette Kirstine; Weibel, Kristina; Høgelund, Jan

    2010-01-01

    Dette arbejdspapir belyser udvalgte jobcentermedarbejderes erfaringer med og perspektiver på beskæftigelsesindsatsen for sygedagpengemodtagere og førtidspensionister med handicap. Undersøgelsen er gennemført i tre jobcentre, hvor der er foretaget interview med sagsbehandlere, virksomhedskonsulenter...... sygedagpengemodtagere og førtidspensionister med handicap igangsat af Vidensnetværket, som er forankret i Danske Handicaporganisationer. Arbejdspapiret er udarbejdet af forskningsassistent, cand.mag. (antropologi) Mette Kristine Tørslev, forskningsassistent, cand.scient.soc. Kristina Weibel og seniorforsker, cand...

  8. New morphological data and first description of gravid female of Cucullanus bagre Petter, 1974 (Seuratoidea: Cucullanidae) from Bagre bagre (Linnaeus, 1766) (Siluriformes: Ariidae) off Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Felipe B; Vieira, Fabiano M; Luque, José L

    2014-03-01

    Cucullanus bagre Petter, 1974 (Cucullanidae) is redescribed based on the examination of newly collected material and the revaluation of type specimens, using light and for the first time scanning electron microscopy. Parasite specimens were collected from the intestine of the coco sea catfish Bagre bagre (Linnaeus) (Ariidae) off the South Atlantic coast, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Detailed morphological analysis revealed the presence of an unpaired papilla just anterior to the cloacal protrusion in male, that was overlooked in the original description. Descriptions of the adult female and eggs are provided for the first time; these gravid specimens have the general morphometry quite similar to that of juveniles. Additionally, detailed description and illustration of sclerotized plates present on the oesophastome is provided. The far posterior location of the excretory pore with thick-walled excretory duct, the conspicuous protrusions present on both anal and cloacal regions and the number and arrangement of caudal papillae in males are considered to be important diagnostic features for C. bagre. All the specimens from type material were together in one vial and not separated in two vials as stated in the original description, making it impossible to determine which is the holotype, allotype or paratypes. This is the first report of C. bagre in Brazil, which expands its geographical distribution to South Atlantic waters.

  9. Antibody levels to recombinant VAR2CSA domains vary with Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia, gestational age, and gravidity, but do not predict pregnancy outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fried, Michal; Kurtis, Jonathan D; Swihart, Bruce; Morrison, Robert; Pond-Tor, Sunthorn; Barry, Amadou; Sidibe, Youssoufa; Keita, Sekouba; Mahamar, Almahamoudou; Andemel, Naissem; Attaher, Oumar; Dembele, Adama B; Cisse, Kadidia B; Diarra, Bacary S; Kanoute, Moussa B; Narum, David L; Dicko, Alassane; Duffy, Patrick E

    2018-03-09

    Maternal malaria is a tropical scourge associated with poor pregnancy outcomes. Women become resistant to Plasmodium falciparum pregnancy malaria as they acquire antibodies to the variant surface antigen VAR2CSA, a leading vaccine candidate. Because malaria infection may increase VAR2CSA antibody levels and thereby confound analyses of immune protection, gravidity-dependent changes in antibody levels during and after infection, and the effect of VAR2CSA antibodies on pregnancy outcomes were evaluated. Pregnant women enrolled in a longitudinal cohort study of mother-infant pairs in Ouelessebougou, Mali provided plasma samples at enrollment, gestational week 30-32, and delivery. Antibody levels to VAR2CSA domains were measured using a multiplex bead-based assay. Antibody levels to VAR2CSA were higher in multigravidae than primigravidae. Malaria infection was associated with increased antibody levels to VAR2CSA domains. In primigravidae but not in secundigravidae or multigravidae, antibodies levels sharply declined after an infection. A relationship between any VAR2CSA antibody specificity and protection from adverse pregnancy outcomes was not detected. During malaria infection, primigravidae acquire short-lived antibodies. The lack of an association between VAR2CSA domain antibody reactivity and improved pregnancy outcomes suggests that the recombinant proteins may not present native epitopes targeted by protective antibodies.

  10. Mars 2020 Entry, Descent and Landing Instrumentation (MEDLI2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bose, Deepak; Wright, Henry; White, Todd; Schoenenberger, Mark; Santos, Jose; Karlgaard, Chris; Kuhl, Chris; Oishi, TOmo; Trombetta, Dominic

    2016-01-01

    This paper will introduce Mars Entry Descent and Landing Instrumentation (MEDLI2) on NASA's Mars2020 mission. Mars2020 is a flagship NASA mission with science and technology objectives to help answer questions about possibility of life on Mars as well as to demonstrate technologies for future human expedition. Mars2020 is scheduled for launch in 2020. MEDLI2 is a suite of instruments embedded in the heatshield and backshell thermal protection systems of Mars2020 entry vehicle. The objectives of MEDLI2 are to gather critical aerodynamics, aerothermodynamics and TPS performance data during EDL phase of the mission. MEDLI2 builds up the success of MEDLI flight instrumentation on Mars Science Laboratory mission in 2012. MEDLI instrumentation suite measured surface pressure and TPS temperature on the heatshield during MSL entry into Mars. MEDLI data has since been used for unprecedented reconstruction of aerodynamic drag, vehicle attitude, in-situ atmospheric density, aerothermal heating, transition to turbulence, in-depth TPS performance and TPS ablation. [1,2] In addition to validating predictive models, MEDLI data has highlighted extra margin available in the MSL forebody TPS, which can potentially be used to reduce vehicle parasitic mass. MEDLI2 expands the scope of instrumentation by focusing on quantities of interest not addressed in MEDLI suite. The type the sensors are expanded and their layout on the TPS modified to meet these new objectives. The paper will provide key motivation and governing requirements that drive the choice and the implementation of the new sensor suite. The implementation considerations of sensor selection, qualification, and demonstration of minimal risk to the host mission will be described. The additional challenges associated with mechanical accommodation, electrical impact, data storage and retrieval for MEDLI2 system, which extends sensors to backshell will also be described.

  11. PubMed Medical Publications From Libya | Bakoush | Libyan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We also used the same method to obtain data on the PubMed medical publications from Tunisia, Morocco and Yemen. Tunisia had the largest number of PubMed publications among the studied countries: 20.4 publications per million population per year and 7.2 publications per year per one billion US$ GDP. Libya had ...

  12. Psykomotorisk behandling og wellness til personer med demens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stamp, Anne Schinkel; Frausing, Kristian Park

    Rapporten evaluerer projektet Psykomotorisk behandling af personer med demens gennem fokusgruppeinterviews med deltagende studerende og personale fra deltagende centre. Samlet peges der på gavnligt udbytte for de demente beboere samt både personligt og fagligt udbytte for de deltagende studerende...

  13. Spilleregler i musikterapi med børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holck, Ulla

    2005-01-01

    anvendelse af spilleregler med forskellige børneklientgrupper – alle med en vis udviklingsalder. Udover improvisation viser caseeksemplerne, at der i børnemusikterapi automatisk inddrages en række andre medier og teknikker end dem, man ser i voksenmusikterapien, hvilket bl.a. begrundes i Winnicotts...

  14. Musikterapi med kontakt- og kommunikationssvage børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Britta Vinkler

    2009-01-01

    I artiklen beskrives, hvordan musikterapi er med til at støtte en målrettet udviklingsproces hos børn, med diagnoser som Asperger syndrom, autisme, opmærksomhedsforstyrrelser, ADHD o.lign. Musikkens kvaliteter beskrives og illustreres gennem vignetter fra terapiforløb, der alle er foregået i Klinik...

  15. Erfaringer med mobning fra barndommen og det levede liv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathiassen, Charlotte; Viala, Eva Silberschmidt

    2009-01-01

    Gennem analyser af konkret levet liv med mobning i 1950érnes og 1960érnes skoleliv sættes der fokuspå menneskers erfaringer med mobning og deres position i en given historisk og sociokulturel kontekst. På den baggrund argumenteres det, at hvis man som forsker eller praktiker ikke anstrenger sig f...

  16. Professionsetik. Om etiske perspektiver i arbejdet med mennesker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Præstegaard, Jeanette

    2013-01-01

    Boganmeldelse af Christoffersen SA (ed) Professionsetik. Om etiske perspektiver i arbejdet med mennesker [Professional ethic. About ethical perspectives in the work with human beings]. Aarhus; Forlaget Klim.......Boganmeldelse af Christoffersen SA (ed) Professionsetik. Om etiske perspektiver i arbejdet med mennesker [Professional ethic. About ethical perspectives in the work with human beings]. Aarhus; Forlaget Klim....

  17. Further confirmation of the MED13L haploinsufficiency syndrome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Haelst, M.M.; Monroe, G.R.; Duran, K.J.; van Binsbergen, E.; Breur, J.M.P.J.; Giltay, J.C.; van Haaften, G.W.

    MED13L haploinsufficiency syndrome has been described in two patients and is characterized by moderate intellectual disability (ID), conotruncal heart defects, facial abnormalities and hypotonia. Missense mutations in MED13L are linked to transposition of the great arteries and non-syndromal

  18. Selvregulering og dyadisk regulering i musikterapi med demensramte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner

    2017-01-01

    Selvregulering er tæt koblet til socialt samvær og følelsesregulering og styres af neuroaffektive processer, der har med empati og stress at gøre. Hvordan vi ældes, og om vi bevarer engagement og motivation, kan have betydning for udvikling af demens. Mennesker med demens vil opleve gradvist at få...

  19. Human mediator subunit MED15 promotes transcriptional activation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakatsubo, Takuya; Nishitani, Saori; Kikuchi, Yuko; Iida, Satoshi; Yamada, Kana; Tanaka, Aki; Ohkuma, Yoshiaki

    2014-10-01

    In eukaryotes, the Mediator complex is an essential transcriptional cofactor of RNA polymerase II (Pol II). In humans, it contains up to 30 subunits and consists of four modules: head, middle, tail, and CDK/Cyclin. One of the subunits, MED15, is located in the tail module, and was initially identified as Gal11 in budding yeast, where it plays an essential role in the transcriptional regulation of galactose metabolism with the potent transcriptional activator Gal4. For this reason, we investigated the function of the human MED15 subunit (hMED15) in transcriptional activation. First, we measured the effect of hMED15 knockdown on cell growth in HeLa cells. The growth rate was greatly reduced. By immunostaining, we observed the colocalization of hMED15 with the general transcription factors TFIIE and TFIIH in the nucleus. We measured the effects of siRNA-mediated knockdown of hMED15 on transcriptional activation using two different transcriptional activators, VP16 and SREBP1a. Treatment with siRNAs reduced transcriptional activation, and this reduction could be rescued by overexpression of HA/Flag-tagged, wild-type hMED15. To investigate hMED15 localization, we treated human MCF-7 cells with the MDM2 inhibitor Nutlin-3, thus inducing p21 transcription. We found that hMED15 localized to both the p53 binding site and the p21 promoter region, along with TFIIE and TFIIH. These results indicate that hMED15 promotes transcriptional activation.

  20. Alt av kærleika

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Joensen, Dagny

    I begyndelse af 1960’erne blev der bygget en Nato-radarstation på Færøerne, og den var de første år bemandet med amerikanske eksperter. Flere færøske kvinder blev gift med disse amerikanere og fulgte med dem tilbage til USA. I denne bog interviewes en række af disse kvinder...

  1. Til julefrokost med Bjørn & Okay

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smith-Sivertsen, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    I denne artikel vises med udgangspunkt i en beskrivelse af et specifikt arrangement med det danske danseorkester Bjørn & Okay, hvordan man optræder inden for denne særlige musiktradition. Bjørn & Okays performative udgangspunkt er, at de, trods en status som landskendt orkester med mange hits, i ...... the audience and constantly telling them what to do. At the same time he and the other musicians actively bond with the audience, both onstage and offstage, which helps building the spirit of community, which is the clear goal of the musical performance....

  2. Endring i adaptiv atferd hos eldre personer med utviklingshemning - en sammenligning mellom personer med Down syndrom og personer med annen utviklingshemning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Marit Bygdnes

    2012-01-01

    Materiale og metode: Undersøkelsen omfatter 87 personer med utviklingshemning som tidligere har bodd på en sentralinstitusjon. Datainnsamling skjedde ved at omsorgspersoner fylte ut ABDQ.  Resultater: Det var 24 % i utvalget som hadde nedgang i adaptiv atferd. Fortolkning: ABDQ er et hjelpemiddel til å avdekke nedgang i adaptiv atferd. Det er viktig at svikt avdekkes tidligst mulig og videreformidles til helsepersonell for utredning, diagnostisering, relevant behandling og tilrettelagte helse- og omsorgstjenester. Mange personer med utviklingshemning mestrer ikke å informere om egen helsetilstand og er avhengig av at omsorgspersonalet kan avdekke sykdom og lidelser så tidlig som mulig i sykdomsforløpet.

  3. MedWatch Safety Alerts for Human Medical Products

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — MedWatch alerts provide timely new safety information on human drugs, medical devices, vaccines and other biologics, dietary supplements, and cosmetics. The alerts...

  4. Erfaringer med Journal Club på modul 12

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koustrup, Pia; Røge Aagaard, Lene

    2013-01-01

    I Ortopædkirurgisk afdeling, Aarhus Universitets Hospital, har vi i samarbejde med undervisere fra VIA University College udviklet og implementeret studieaktiviteten Journal Club. Studieaktiviteten afvikles indenfor rammerne af den kliniske studiemetode ”Seminar” og den planlagte studieaktivitet ...

  5. Geograf med GIS som ledetråd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Søren Zebitz

    2013-01-01

    Fra speciale om kortlægning af luft forurening med NO2 i troposfæren målt fra satellit til PhD studerende med fokus på forståelsen af menneskers bevægelsesmønstre i byer. GIS og geodata er den røde tråd der binder de brede interesser indenfor geografi en sammen for denne forskerlærling.......Fra speciale om kortlægning af luft forurening med NO2 i troposfæren målt fra satellit til PhD studerende med fokus på forståelsen af menneskers bevægelsesmønstre i byer. GIS og geodata er den røde tråd der binder de brede interesser indenfor geografi en sammen for denne forskerlærling....

  6. Hvad skal vi med Etisk Råd?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ploug, Thomas; Gjerris, Mickey

    2012-01-01

    Det Etiske Råd har for os at se en væsentlig rolle at spille i et åbent og demokratisk samfund som det danske. Vi skal være med til at skabe grobund for de værdidiskussioner, som skal forme fremtidens samfund. Etik er at være i dialog – ikke at kaste med mudder.......Det Etiske Råd har for os at se en væsentlig rolle at spille i et åbent og demokratisk samfund som det danske. Vi skal være med til at skabe grobund for de værdidiskussioner, som skal forme fremtidens samfund. Etik er at være i dialog – ikke at kaste med mudder....

  7. Frihet & struktur : en kvalitativ studie av skolelivskvalitet hos ungdom med Tourette syndrom

    OpenAIRE

    Siverts, Torstein

    2005-01-01

    Sammendrag. Tittel: Skolelivskvalitet hos ungdom med Tourette Syndrom Med bakgrunn i egen erfaring fra arbeid med elever med Tourette Syndrom i grunnskolen, og i studier i spesialpedagogisk teori og empiri, etterstrebes det i denne studien å utvikle økt forståelse for hva slags erfaringer fra og perspektiver på sitt skoleliv elever med denne funksjonshemmende lidelsen har. Med grunnlag i analyser av intervjuer med elever om deres erfaringer og perspektiver, har jeg prøvd å b...

  8. Pragmatisk kompetanse hos barn med leppe-, kjeve-, og/ eller ganespalte

    OpenAIRE

    Vederhus, Ole-Jacob

    2015-01-01

    Denne tverrsnittstudiens hensikt er å kartlegge den pragmatiske kompetansen og de generelle kommunikasjonsferdighetene til barn med leppe-kjeve- og/ eller ganespalte. Barna (n = 17) i alderen 5:2-6:8 år ble kartlagt ved hjelp av The Children`s Communication Checklist 2 (D. V. M. Bishop, 2003), sammenlignet med sjekklistens normeringsgruppe og signifikanstestet på tvers av spaltetypene: isolert ganespalte (n = 7), leppe-, kjevespalte (n = 2) og leppe-, kjeve-, ganespalte (...

  9. Sprog hos børn med autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Cecilia

    2010-01-01

    Spredningen i sproglige færdigheder hos børn med autisme er enorm. Dette forhold vanskeliggør forskning inden for området, og omvendt bevirker forskningen og de valg – og ikke mindst fravalg – som autismeforskere er nødt til at foretage, at gruppen af børn med autisme kommer til at fremstå mere...

  10. Forsøg med Hi-Con altanelement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Pilegaard

    Denne rapport beskriver forsøg udført på Laboratoriet for Bærende Konstruktioner, Aalborg Universitet med et altanelement leveret af Hi-Con Aps, Hjallerup. Forsøgene er udført i september 2002. Forsøgene omfatter en statisk prøvning, hvor altanelementet blev belastet med sandsække og nedbøjningerne...

  11. Å forske med kunsten kollaborativt i en fortellerforestillingsproduksjon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mette Bøe Lyngstad

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available I denne artikkelen viser forskerne, som også er fortellere, hvordan de i utviklingen av sin egen fortellerforestilling forsket med kunsten. Artikkelforfatterne forsøker å vise en selvrefleksivitet og metodologisk bevissthet gjennom hele kunstproduksjonen. De undersøker hvordan en gjennom å forske med kunsten kollaborativt kan koble historiske fakta, fiksjonsfortelling og livsfortelling i en kunstproduksjon. Forskningsartikkelen tar for seg kunstproduksjonens ulike faser som brainstormfase, innsamlingsfase, fortellertekniske fase og utforskingsfase i scenerommet.

  12. Peripartum kardiomyopati hos overvaegtig gravid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kielgast, Urd Lynge; Schierbeck, Louise; Dümcke, Christine

    2009-01-01

    Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a rare, but life-threatening cardiac disorder which complicates pregnancy. However, the classical symptoms of heart failure can be masked - especially in obese women. Here, we present a case report of PPCM complicated with vitamin-D deficiency in a severely obese...

  13. Oviposition deterrence induced by Ocimum kilimandscharicum and Ocimum suave extracts to gravid Anopheles gambiae s.s (Diptera: Culicidae in laboratory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliningaya J Kweka

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In most of the past decades, mosquito control has been done by the use of indoor residual spray and insecticides-treated bed nets. The control of mosquitoes by targeting the breeding sites (larval habitat has not been given priority. Disrupting the oviposition sensory detection of mosquitoes by introducing deterrents of plant origin, which are cheap resources, might be add value to integrated vector control. Such knowledge is required in order to successfully manipulate the behavior of mosquitoes for monitoring or control. Materials and Methods: Twenty gravid mosquitoes were placed in a cage measuring 30 Χ 30 Χ 30 cm for oviposition. The oviposition media were made of different materials. Experiments were set up at 6:00 pm, and eggs were collected for counting at 7:30 am. Mosquitoes were observed until they died. The comparisons of the number of eggs were made between the different treatments. Results: There was significant difference in the number of eggs found in control cups when compared with the number of eggs found in water treated with Ocimum kilimandscharicum (OK (P=0.02 or Ocimum suave (OS (P=0.000 and that found in water with debris treated with OK (P=0.011 or OS (P=0.002. There was no significant difference in the number of eggs laid in treated water and the number of eggs laid in water with debris treated either with OK (P=0.105 or OS (P=0.176. Oviposition activity index for both OS and OK experiments lay in a negative side and ranged from −0.19% to −1%. The results show that OS and OK deter oviposition in An.gambiae s.s. Conclusions: Further research needs to be done on the effect of secondary metabolites of these plant extracts as they decompose in the breeding sites. In the event of favorable results, the potential of these plant extracts can be harnessed on a larger scale.

  14. Inkludering av ungdom med minoritetsbakgrunn i NIF-organisert idrett

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mari Kristin Sisjord

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Norges Idrettsforbund og Olympiske og Paralympiske Komité (NIF har en uttalt målsetting om en åpen og inkluderende idrett. Hvordan kommer dette til uttrykk i den praktiske virksomheten? Denne artikkelen, som bygger på data fra en undersøkelse om likestilling og mangfold i den organiserte idretten (NIF, retter søkelyset mot arbeid med inklusjon av ungdom med minoritetsbakgrunn på ulike organisasjonsnivå i NIF: særforbund, idrettskretser og idrettslag. Datamaterialet er kvalitative intervju med representanter fra ulike organisasjonsnivå. Resultatene viser at NIFs overordnede politikk i varierende grad nedfelles i særforbundenes virksomhet, i idrettskretsene og i idrettslagene. Av særforbundene skiller Fotballforbundet og Klatreforbundet seg ut som aktive pådrivere i arbeidet med inkludering. Mange idrettslag oppfattet slike spørsmål som lite aktuelle i sitt rekrutteringsområde. Representanter for lag som hadde erfaring med inkludering og rekruttering av minoritetsungdom, tilkjennega varierte erfaringer og synspunkter.

  15. TwiMed: Twitter and PubMed Comparable Corpus of Drugs, Diseases, Symptoms, and Their Relations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvaro, Nestor; Miyao, Yusuke; Collier, Nigel

    2017-05-03

    Work on pharmacovigilance systems using texts from PubMed and Twitter typically target at different elements and use different annotation guidelines resulting in a scenario where there is no comparable set of documents from both Twitter and PubMed annotated in the same manner. This study aimed to provide a comparable corpus of texts from PubMed and Twitter that can be used to study drug reports from these two sources of information, allowing researchers in the area of pharmacovigilance using natural language processing (NLP) to perform experiments to better understand the similarities and differences between drug reports in Twitter and PubMed. We produced a corpus comprising 1000 tweets and 1000 PubMed sentences selected using the same strategy and annotated at entity level by the same experts (pharmacists) using the same set of guidelines. The resulting corpus, annotated by two pharmacists, comprises semantically correct annotations for a set of drugs, diseases, and symptoms. This corpus contains the annotations for 3144 entities, 2749 relations, and 5003 attributes. We present a corpus that is unique in its characteristics as this is the first corpus for pharmacovigilance curated from Twitter messages and PubMed sentences using the same data selection and annotation strategies. We believe this corpus will be of particular interest for researchers willing to compare results from pharmacovigilance systems (eg, classifiers and named entity recognition systems) when using data from Twitter and from PubMed. We hope that given the comprehensive set of drug names and the annotated entities and relations, this corpus becomes a standard resource to compare results from different pharmacovigilance studies in the area of NLP. ©Nestor Alvaro, Yusuke Miyao, Nigel Collier. Originally published in JMIR Public Health and Surveillance (http://publichealth.jmir.org), 03.05.2017.

  16. Synchronously Driven Power Converter Controller Solution for MedAustron

    CERN Document Server

    Šepetavc, Luka; Tavčar, Rok; Moser, Roland; Gutleber, Johannes

    2011-01-01

    MedAustron is an ion beam cancer therapy and research centre currently under construction in Wiener Neustadt, Austria. This facility features a synchrotron particle accelerator for light ions. Cosylab is closely working together with MedAustron on the development of a power converter controller (PCC) for the 260 deployed power converters – power supplies. Power converters deliver power to magnets used for focusing and steering particle beams. We have designed and developed software and hardware which allows integration of different types of power converters into MedAustron's control system (MACS). PCC's role is to synchronously control and monitor connected power converters. Custom real-time fibre optics link and modular front end devices have been designed for this purpose. Modular front end devices make it possible to interface with almost any type of power converter – with or without built in regulation logic. We implemented realtime mechanisms and a dedicated real-time fibre link to ...

  17. Gaps in affiliation indexing in Scopus and PubMed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Cynthia M; Cox, Roxanne; Fial, Alissa V; Hartman, Teresa L; Magee, Martha L

    2016-04-01

    The authors sought to determine whether unexpected gaps existed in Scopus's author affiliation indexing of publications written by the University of Nebraska Medical Center or Nebraska Medicine (UNMC/NM) authors during 2014. First, we compared Scopus affiliation identifier search results to PubMed affiliation keyword search results. Then, we searched Scopus using affiliation keywords (UNMC, etc.) and compared the results to PubMed affiliation keyword and Scopus affiliation identifier searches. We found that Scopus's records for approximately 7% of UNMC/NM authors' publications lacked appropriate UNMC/NM author affiliation identifiers, and many journals' publishers were supplying incomplete author affiliation information to PubMed. Institutions relying on Scopus to track their impact should determine whether Scopus's affiliation identifiers will, in fact, identify all articles published by their authors and investigators.

  18. Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia (MED: A Rare Type of Skeletal Dysplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Imnul Islam

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED is a congenital disorder of skeletal development that primarily affects the ends of long bones, causing progressive joint and bone inflammation and short stature. Mutations in several genes are responsible for pathogenesis of this disease. We are reporting a case of MED who presented with the complaints of multiple swelling of the joints which was associated with pain during movement for last seven years. The patient had flexion deformity of all the affected joints along with restriction of movement. These were associated with kyphosis, pectus carnitum, knock-knee and short stature. Radiological findings were suggestive of MED. Counseling was done with the parents regarding the etiology, progression and outcome of the disease.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bsmmuj.v5i1.11025 BSMMU J 2012; 5(1:57-60 

  19. Gaps in affiliation indexing in Scopus and PubMed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, Cynthia M.; Cox, Roxanne; Fial, Alissa V.; Hartman, Teresa L.; Magee, Martha L.

    2016-01-01

    Objective The authors sought to determine whether unexpected gaps existed in Scopus's author affiliation indexing of publications written by the University of Nebraska Medical Center or Nebraska Medicine (UNMC/NM) authors during 2014. Methods First, we compared Scopus affiliation identifier search results to PubMed affiliation keyword search results. Then, we searched Scopus using affiliation keywords (UNMC, etc.) and compared the results to PubMed affiliation keyword and Scopus affiliation identifier searches. Results We found that Scopus's records for approximately 7% of UNMC/NM authors' publications lacked appropriate UNMC/NM author affiliation identifiers, and many journals' publishers were supplying incomplete author affiliation information to PubMed. Conclusions Institutions relying on Scopus to track their impact should determine whether Scopus's affiliation identifiers will, in fact, identify all articles published by their authors and investigators. PMID:27076801

  20. Death, dying and informatics: misrepresenting religion on MedLine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez Del Pozo, Pablo; Fins, Joseph J

    2005-07-01

    The globalization of medical science carries for doctors worldwide a correlative duty to deepen their understanding of patients' cultural contexts and religious backgrounds, in order to satisfy each as a unique individual. To become better informed, practitioners may turn to MedLine, but it is unclear whether the information found there is an accurate representation of culture and religion. To test MedLine's representation of this field, we chose the topic of death and dying in the three major monotheistic religions. We searched MedLine using PubMed in order to retrieve and thematically analyze full-length scholarly journal papers or case reports dealing with religious traditions and end-of-life care. Our search consisted of a string of words that included the most common denominations of the three religions, the standard heading terms used by the National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature (NRCBL), and the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) used by the National Library of Medicine. Eligible articles were limited to English-language papers with an abstract. We found that while a bibliographic search in MedLine on this topic produced instant results and some valuable literature, the aggregate reflected a selection bias. American writers were over-represented given the global prevalence of these religious traditions. Denominationally affiliated authors predominated in representing the Christian traditions. The Islamic tradition was under-represented. MedLine's capability to identify the most current, reliable and accurate information about purely scientific topics should not be assumed to be the same case when considering the interface of religion, culture and end-of-life care.

  1. Death, dying and informatics: misrepresenting religion on MedLine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fins Joseph J

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The globalization of medical science carries for doctors worldwide a correlative duty to deepen their understanding of patients' cultural contexts and religious backgrounds, in order to satisfy each as a unique individual. To become better informed, practitioners may turn to MedLine, but it is unclear whether the information found there is an accurate representation of culture and religion. To test MedLine's representation of this field, we chose the topic of death and dying in the three major monotheistic religions. Methods We searched MedLine using PubMed in order to retrieve and thematically analyze full-length scholarly journal papers or case reports dealing with religious traditions and end-of-life care. Our search consisted of a string of words that included the most common denominations of the three religions, the standard heading terms used by the National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature (NRCBL, and the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH used by the National Library of Medicine. Eligible articles were limited to English-language papers with an abstract. Results We found that while a bibliographic search in MedLine on this topic produced instant results and some valuable literature, the aggregate reflected a selection bias. American writers were over-represented given the global prevalence of these religious traditions. Denominationally affiliated authors predominated in representing the Christian traditions. The Islamic tradition was under-represented. Conclusion MedLine's capability to identify the most current, reliable and accurate information about purely scientific topics should not be assumed to be the same case when considering the interface of religion, culture and end-of-life care.

  2. Den eksterne coach - neutral eller allieret med hvem?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, Marie Isolde; Elmholdt, Claus Westergård

    2015-01-01

    Denne artikel bygger på kvalitative interviews med fire eksterne professionelle coaches fra fire forskellige danske konsulentvirksomheder, der alle har coaching som en central ydelse. Salgsmaterialet på de fire virksomheders hjemmesider fortæller, at kunderne kan forvente en række positive effekter...... af samarbejdet med en ekstern professionel coach. Ved hjælp af coaching kan du opnå en bedre ledelse, bedre trivsel, større kvalitet i løsningen af kerneopgaven, mindre stress, bedre karriere, større robusthed, bedre selvværd, mere modstandsdygtighed over for forandring, større selvforståelse og...

  3. Selvforsyning med øko-mineraler og -vitaminer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sehested, Jakob; Jensen, Søren Krogh; Søegaard, Karen

    2010-01-01

    Forskere ved DJF har vist, at det er muligt at opnå et tilstrækkeligt indhold af vitaminer og mineraler i foderrationen til økologiske malkekøer ved at anvende hjemmedyrkede grovfodermidler med en høj andel af mineral- og vitaminrige, grønne fodermidler. Udgivelsesdato: oktober......Forskere ved DJF har vist, at det er muligt at opnå et tilstrækkeligt indhold af vitaminer og mineraler i foderrationen til økologiske malkekøer ved at anvende hjemmedyrkede grovfodermidler med en høj andel af mineral- og vitaminrige, grønne fodermidler. Udgivelsesdato: oktober...

  4. Distriktssköterskans arbete med, och erfarenhet av livsstilsförändringar hos patienter med pre-diabetes : En kvalitativ intervjustudie

    OpenAIRE

    Erlandsson, Emma; Johnson, Marit

    2016-01-01

    Syftet med denna studie var att beskriva distriktssköterskans arbete med, och erfarenhet av livsstilsförändringar hos patienter med pre-diabetes inom primärvården. Metod var en empirisk intervjustudie med en kvalitativ ansats. Åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer utfördes, intervjumaterialet analyserades utifrån Graneheim och Lundmans innehållsanalys. Resultatet visade att patienter med pre-diabetes oftast upptäcktes i samband med årskontrollen hypertoni eller då de sökte för andra besvär. Blods...

  5. Kirurgisk behandling af urininkontinens hos kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ammendrup, A.C.; Sørensen, Helle Christina; Sander, Pia

    2010-01-01

    (TVT) was the preferred sling in 2006. A total of 20 (47%) UI surgeons used only TVT, seven (17%) only transobturator slings (TOS) and 15 (36%) both TVT and TOS. Only 11 (24%) performed > 25 TVT per year and 11 (27%) performed > 25 TOS per year. In all, UI surgeons had experience with ten different...

  6. Kvinder i mandsklæder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Tyge

    2013-01-01

    breaks in military activity, she behaved as a man, had herself shaved, carried a rapier and frequented alehouses. After the war, her marriage soured and she left Copenhagen to work as a farmhand. Her wife divorced her and married a better off ship’s clerk. After a while, Sidsel returned to Copenhagen...... and worked as a tailor until 1728, when her sex was publicly disclosed after she had been leading a man’s life for 14 years. The court sentenced her to two years of hard labour on grounds of the false marriage and on suspicion that a horn she carried, allegedly using it to pee through, had in fact been used...... as a dildo.Else Kortzdatter disguised herself as a boy at the time of pubescence and worked with nightmen on Zealand. In 1731, 21 years old, she disclosed herself and married an older nightman in the town of Køge.Engelbrecht Maria Stockenbeck, aged 20, after being married in Copenhagen, left her husband...

  7. Krop og sundhed i kvinders hverdag

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rostgård, Lisbeth

    2009-01-01

    Hverdagslivet er blevet en del af det medicinske felt, og ved siden af de klassiske aktører på feltet, de sundhedsprofessionelle, har en række nye aktører vist sig. På sundhedsarenaen får brugere, pårørende, medier og industri stadig større indflydelse på den praksis, der udspiller sig i det...

  8. Når kvinder fortryder sterilisation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Öhman, Malin Charlotta; Andersen, Lars Franch

    2015-01-01

    Regret of sterilization is inversely correlated to age at the time of sterilization. The minimum age for legal sterilization in Denmark has recently been lowered to 18 years. In Denmark surgical refertilization has almost completely been replaced by in vitro fertilization (IVF). In recent...

  9. Kirurgisk behandling af urininkontinens hos kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ammendrup, A.C.; Sørensen, Helle Christina; Sander, Pia

    2010-01-01

    . MATERIAL AND METHODS: Surgeons performing UI procedures were identified and mailed a questionnaire in 2007 concerning 2006. Questions included specialisation, number of procedures, type of surgery, complications and attitude towards learning surgery and maintaining a sufficient level of routine. RESULTS...... slings. This study did not allow for a quantitative assessment of complications. The attitude was that 10-25 operations are needed to learn the procedure, and that > 10 operations per year are needed to maintain a sufficient level of routine. CONCLUSION: Practice and attitudes among urinary incontinence......INTRODUCTION: During the last decade, minimal invasive procedures have been introduced for treatment of urinary incontinence (UI) in women leading to shorter hospitalisation and fewer complications. The aim of this study was to outline clinical practice and attitudes among Danish UI surgeons...

  10. Kvinder i mandsklæder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Tyge

    2013-01-01

    and worked as a tailor until 1728, when her sex was publicly disclosed after she had been leading a man’s life for 14 years. The court sentenced her to two years of hard labour on grounds of the false marriage and on suspicion that a horn she carried, allegedly using it to pee through, had in fact been used...... and went to Holstein, where she disguised herself as a man and took up the profession of a tailor. Over a period of three years, she moved between many different places in Northern Germany and Jutland as a travelling journeyman. After returning to Copenhagen in 1784 her sex was disclosed. She then applied...

  11. Specialiserede tilbud til borgere med handicap - efter reformen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonfils, Inge Storgaard; Permin Berger, Nichlas

    Som en del af kommunalreformen fik kommunerne i 2007 det fulde ansvar for handicapområdet. AKF har i 2006-2010 undersøgt, hvilke forandringer brugere, medarbejdere og ledere på specialtilbuddene oplevede i forbindelse med reformen. Undersøgelsen viser, at brugerne kun har oplevet få eller ingen æ...

  12. Senior medical students' appraisal of CanMEDS competencies.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rademakers, J.; Rooy, N. de; Cate, O.T.J. ten

    2007-01-01

    CONTEXT: In 2003 the Dutch Central College of Medical Specialties presented guidelines for the modernisation of all medical specialty training programmes in the Netherlands. These guidelines are based to a large extent on the CanMEDS (Canadian Medical Education Directives for Specialists) 2000

  13. Javnost v parkih – med opazovanjem in delovanjem. Primer Pariza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michèle Jolé

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Kako naj v načrtovanje ter izgradnjo javnih parkov in vrtov vključimo tudi družbeno dimenzijo? Oziroma natančneje, kako naj uporabnikom in urbanitom določimo vlogo v projektih javnih parkov? Naša hipoteza je, da imajo družbene vede v povezavi s krajani dve vlogi – spoznavno vlogo, ki v civilni družbi opisuje rabo in družbeno dinamiko na delovnem mestu, ter vlogo posrednika (mediatorja med prebivalci in projektanti, predstavniki gradbene industrije ter vzdrževalci parkov. Obe vlogi sta med seboj tesno povezani, in sicer zaradi velike pozornosti, posvečene lokacijam. To pa zahteva empirično obravnavo. Ta je v tem članku etnografska. Metodologijo, ki jo v Parizu uporabljajo že več let, preverjamo z različnimi ameriškimi tehnikami. V članku bomo obravnavali dva primera, in sicer parka Parc Floral de Paris in Les Jardins d’Eole. Sociologijo so vsakič uporabili drugače. Modeli, ki so jih družboslovci uporabili pri obravnavanju parkov, kažejo, da bi morali razmisliti o novi »razdelitvi nalog« med različnimi udeleženci projekta, tudi med prebivalci, ki so hkrati uporabniki in državljani.

  14. One Health – Transdisziplinarität bei ZB MED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seidlmayer, Eva

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available By supporting disciplinary and interdisciplinary research in the fields of medicine, health care, nutritional, environmental and agricultural sciences ZB MED enables an integrated view on human health. The poster focuses on approach as well as as the underlying concepts. Additionally, the poster presents services for transdisciplinary research in the life sciences.

  15. Værkanalyse med digitale 3D modeller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villaume, René Domine; Ørstrup, Finn Rude

    2006-01-01

    Projektet afprøve muligheder for Værkanalyse af danske arkitekturværker med anvendelse af digitale 3D modeller. Arkitektstuderende har i en workshop udarbejdet en 3D model af Arkitekt Vilhelm Lauritzens bygning til  Københavns Lufthavn fra 1939. Modellen er herefter videreudviklet og yderligere...

  16. 9 ikke-narkotikapolitiske faktorer med beskyttende indflydelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jourdan, Michael

    2007-01-01

    Sverige er verdensmester i lav prævalens. Det kan skyldes den førte narkotikapolitik. Men det kan i følge Tim Boekhut van Solinge også skyldes ikke narkotikapolitiske faktorer med beskyttende indflydelse. 9 sådanne præsenteres byggende på bogen: 'The Swedish System - an in-depth review and analysis...

  17. PubMed Central Canada: Beyond an Open Access Repository?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nariani, Rajiv

    2013-01-01

    PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) represents a partnership between the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the National Research Council's Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (NRC-CISTI), and the National Library of Medicine of the US. The present study was done to gauge faculty awareness about the CIHR Policy on…

  18. MED1 independent activation of endogenous target genes by PPARα

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grøntved, Lars; Bugge, Anne K.; Roeder, Robert G.

    is dispensable for PPARalpha transcriptional activity in proliferating but is necessary in confluent AML-12 cells and TRAP220 KO MEFs. Collectively this indicates that the PPARs might have adopted an alternative mediator recruitment mechanism that is dispensable of direct interaction with MED1 on endogenous...

  19. Folkeretlige problemstillinger i forbindelse med konflikten mellem Ukraine og Rusland

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhl, Kenneth Øhlenschlæger

    Konflikten mellem Ukraine og Rusland udgør en trussel mod den internationale retsorden og dermed også hele den europæiske orden. Med henblik på at give et grundlag for at forstå omfanget af dette aspekt af konflikten behandles her lovligheden af nogle af de handlinger, som har været konfliktens...

  20. Læreren og udfordringerne med begavede og talentfulde elever

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Poul

    2010-01-01

    Det er nu blevet stuerent at tale om de begavede og talentfulde elever i skolen. Artiklen diskuterer, hvilke elever, der kan betegnes som "talentfulde" eller med "særlige forudsætninger", og beskriver de problemer, som denne elevgruppe kan have. Samtidig påpeger forfatteren, at der mangler forskn...

  1. Hvad skete der med arbejdstiden i Folkeskolen efter Ok13?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Nana Wesley

    2017-01-01

    Lovindgrebet i lærerkonflikten i 2013 ændrede fundamentalt på arbejdstiden på landets Folkeskoler. Flere kommuner har dog siden indgået lokale arbejdstidsaftaler med lærerne. En ny undersøgelse fra FAOS tegner et billede af udviklingen....

  2. Sygeplejerskers MED-indflydelse på faglig kvalitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahrenkiel, Annegrethe; Dybbroe, Betina; Sommer, Finn M.

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen diskuterer, hvordan samarbejds- og medindflydelsesudvalg (MED-udvalg) fungerer i sundhedsfeltet i forhold til diskussioner af påtrængende problemer i sygeplejerskernes arbejde. Især de problemer, der drejer sig om sammenhængen mellem kvaliteten i arbejdsmiljøet og kvaliteten i arbejdet i...

  3. Frakturerede fortænder – behandling med direkte plast

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pallesen, Ulla; van Dijken, Jan WV

    2018-01-01

    Kompositte plastmaterialer og adhæsivteknik har gjort det muligt at restaurere frakturerede fortænder med minimal risiko for pulpale og parodontale komplikationer hos både børn og voksne. Behandlingen kan udføres umiddelbart efter traumet, hvis skaden ikke involverer parodontium eller knogle. Kla...

  4. Med hjerne og hjerte - et aktionsforskningsprojekt om demensomsorg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Helle Krogh; Rasmussen, Else Marie

    om værdier; individuelle interviews (8 pårørende og 3 frivillige); to kernekvalitetsundersøgelser (4 medarbejdere undersøgte kvaliteter og værdier ud fra D. Ofmans teori om kernekvaliteter); en kernekvalitetsundersøgelse i samarbejde med lederen; SWOT-analyser, udarbejdelse og analyse af...

  5. Aktiv online læring med E-tiviteter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schneider, Maria Viftrup

    Designe e-tiviteter i vidensøgning og dertilhørende læringsobjekter. Udvikling af didaktikken ift blended learning., med anvendelse af Gilly Salmons E-tivities model som ramme for design af studieaktiviteter. Læringsprodukter hører under læringskoncepterne Undervisningsloop, Peer assessment og...

  6. Apendicite aguda no ciclo gravídico-puerperal: um estudo de 13 casos Acute appendicitis in the gravidic-puerperal cycle: a study of 13 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Expedito Fernandes Gurgel

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available Descrevemos 13 casos de apendicite no ciclo gravídico-puerperal, atendidos na Maternidade Escola Januário Cicco em Natal, no período de 8 anos (jan/89 a dez/96. Todos os casos foram avaliados por uma equipe de obstetras e cirurgiões e a decisão de executar a apendicectomia foi tomada conjuntamente. Onze pacientes eram gestantes (4 no 1º trimestre, 6 no 2º e 1 no 3º e 2 puérperas. A incidência foi 1/3.422 partos, a idade das gestantes variou entre 18 e 30 anos, sendo a maioria nulíparas. No quadro clínico a queixa mais freqüente foi a dor abdominal forte ou moderada, localizada em todo o abdome. A incisão de Rock Daves foi a de eleição, exceto no caso em que a paciente era assintomática e a apendicite foi um achado durante uma cesárea. O apêndice estava roto em 6 casos e dentre eles, 2 apresentaram abscesso de parede abdominal e 1 paciente abortou. Em 9 gestantes a gravidez evoluiu sem intercorrências, culminando com partos a termo. Não houve complicações nas pacientes operadas no puerpério ou naquela apendicectomizada durante a cesárea. Constatou-se associação positiva entre a incidência de perfuração do apêndice e o aumento do intervalo de tempo do início da dor ao ato cirúrgico. Foi observado um aumento da incidência de perfuração quando a dor se expandia por todo o abdome. A precocidade diagnóstica e terapêutica é fundamental no prognóstico destas pacientes.The present study describes 13 cases of appendicitis in the gravidic-puerperal cycle, at the Maternidade Escola Januário Cicco, from Jan/89 to Dec/96. The cases were assisted by a team of obstetricians and surgeons. Eleven patients were pregnant (4 in the 1st trimester, 6 in the 2nd and 1 in the 3rd and 2 were in the puerperal period. The incidence was 1/3.422; the age ranged from 18 to 30 years and the majority was nulliparous. The most frequent symptom was abdominal pain (intense or moderate. The appendix was perforated in 6 cases, 2 of them with

  7. Provokeret abort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Connie; Schmidt, Garbi; Christoffersen, Mogens

    Gennem en række interview om kvinders oplevelse og erfaringer med provokert abort, samt ved at bruge data fra en stor forløbsundersøgelse af kvinder født i 1966, giver forfatterne bag denne rapport et præcist signalement af de kvinder, der vælger at få foretaget en provokeret abort og de eventuelle...... for sundhedspersonale og andre socialarbejdere. Den statistiske undersøgelse viser, at hver fjerde danske kvinde vil komme i den situation at skulle have en abort. Især kvinder med vanskelige opvækstvilkår er i risikogruppen. Tilgengæld er der næsten ingen langvarige fysiske og psykiske virkninger abort af abort, med...

  8. Designing, Integrating, and Coordinating the Installation of MedAustron

    CERN Document Server

    Nicquevert, B; Benedikt, M

    2011-01-01

    "Give me a layout good enough and a building to place it, and I will install your accelerator". To paraphrase Archimedes, this is the role attributed to the Integration team in the MedAustron project. Starting with the optics layout and a building sketch, the integration work consists of a series of activities, interlinked in a complex manner. First the design and the integration of accelerator: list all items, define geometrical envelopes with interfaces, put them in position in CAD, identify conflicts and define input for design of items and of infrastructure. Then the various equipment is procured: verify and validate design data, follow-up manufacturing, fiducialize equipment and build supports. Lastly the global installation: check building and infrastructure, define survey framework, install and pre-align equipment on supports, move assemblies to their final location, survey actual position and adjust to theoretical position. The whole chain of operations from the layout to a real beam in MedAustron, i...

  9. AliBaba: PubMed as a graph.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plake, Conrad; Schiemann, Torsten; Pankalla, Marcus; Hakenberg, Jörg; Leser, Ulf

    2006-10-01

    The biomedical literature contains a wealth of information on associations between many different types of objects, such as protein-protein interactions, gene-disease associations and subcellular locations of proteins. When searching such information using conventional search engines, e.g. PubMed, users see the data only one-abstract at a time and 'hidden' in natural language text. AliBaba is an interactive tool for graphical summarization of search results. It parses the set of abstracts that fit a PubMed query and presents extracted information on biomedical objects and their relationships as a graphical network. AliBaba extracts associations between cells, diseases, drugs, proteins, species and tissues. Several filter options allow for a more focused search. Thus, researchers can grasp complex networks described in various articles at a glance. http://alibaba.informatik.hu-berlin.de/

  10. International samhandel med økologiske fødevarer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Jens; Linneberg, Mai Skjøtt

    2003-01-01

    I daglig tale opfatter man ordene økologiske fødevarer og markedet for økologiske fødevarer som dækkende en entydig kategori. Ønsker man at forstå, hvorledes den internationale samhandel med økologiske fødevarer fungerer, skal man hurtigt glemme den opfattelse. De enkelte landes eller områders øk...

  11. MED101: a laser-plasma simulation code. User guide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rodgers, P.A.; Rose, S.J.; Rogoyski, A.M.

    1989-12-01

    Complete details for running the 1-D laser-plasma simulation code MED101 are given including: an explanation of the input parameters, instructions for running on the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory IBM, Atlas Centre Cray X-MP and DEC VAX, and information on three new graphics packages. The code, based on the existing MEDUSA code, is capable of simulating a wide range of laser-produced plasma experiments including the calculation of X-ray laser gain. (author)

  12. BioMedBridges: External Independent Ethics Advisors Report

    OpenAIRE

    Smee, Carol

    2016-01-01

    The BioMedBridges project better enables researchers to access a wide range of data across different disciplines and allows re-analysis of datasets, some of which will have been generated through rare, expensive or unrepeatable investigations, thereby ensuring maximum utility of these datasets and facilitating new discoveries in health research. However, the sharing of data generated through the use of human material brings about ethical challenges concerning the protection of research partic...

  13. Socialpædagogik - et arbejdsfelt med paradokser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen er en oversat og let bearbejdet udgave af professor Hans Thiersch med titlen: Sozialpädagogik - Handeln in Widersprüchen? Artiklens elementer: 1. Socialstaten som princip og socialt arbejde 2. Koncepter for det socialpædagogiske arbejde 3. Struktur og åbenhed i det socialpædagogiske...... arbejde 4. Profession og person 5. Arbejde i institutioner, indgriben 6. Perspektivering 7. Litteratur...

  14. Er genomisk selektion en revolution af avlsarbejdet med mink?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Peer

    2011-01-01

    Genomisk selektion udnytter, at den enkelte mink kan genotypes for tusindvis af genetiske markører. Et dyrs avlsværdi kan skønnes med ret stor sikkerhed på basis af en blod- eller hårprøve, hvor dyrets sæt af genetiske markører bestemmes. Det er altså ikke nødvendigt at registrere minkens egne eg...

  15. Grønnere skibsfart med modstandsdygtige motorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Lisbeth

    2015-01-01

    hastighed. Både de nye brændstoftyper og den nedsatte hastighed giver problemer for skibsmotorerne, problemer som projektet SULCOR, Sulfuric Acid corrosion in Large Marine Diesel Engines, netop har modtaget 16 millioner kr. fra Innovationsfonden til at begynde at løse. Projektet ledes af DTU Mekanik og...... foregår i samarbejde med DTU Kemiteknik og MAN Diesel & Turbo....

  16. Clinical Investigation Program RCS-MED-300(R1).

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-30

    chronically at academic tasks. This condition has been associated with low self - esteem , poor self -image, depression, and academic lag. This study is...Assay for Detection ofMicroalbuminuria...................... 245 Work Unit No. 84/08 (FY84,O) Study of the Effects of Ritalin on Self Concept of...MA, Brown JM, Brown TJ: Unexpected reversal of Gallium-67 citrate avidity in an anaerobic hepatic abscess. Clin Nucl Med 9:184, 1984. Moreno AJ

  17. Interview med 11-årige børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højlund, Ole; Andersen, Dines

    grænser for, hvad de kan spørges om. Og manglende læsefærdigheder kan betyde, at de fagligt svage børn glider ud af undersøgelserne. Pilotprojektet viser, at web-baserede spørgeskemaer med lyd giver mulighed for mere repræsentative undersøgelser. Undersøgelsen viser desuden, at børn godt kan svare på...

  18. Hvad skal danske hospitaler med ungecaféer?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kvisgaard Knudsen, Kristina; Bregnballe, Vibeke

    at forbedre unges oplevelse af at være indlagt, er der i Danmark etableret ungecaféer. Formål: At undersøge ungecaféers betydning for indlagte unge. Metode: Fire semistrukturerede interviews er foretaget med kronisk eller alvorligt syge unge i alderen 11-19 år. De unge har besøgt Café Nexus på Aarhus...

  19. Poznavanje psihogenih disfonij med logopedi in zdravstvenimi delavci

    OpenAIRE

    Krizmancic, Nikol

    2018-01-01

    Psihogene disfonije so glasovne motnje, ki izvirajo iz psihološkega neravnovesja bolnika. Uvrščamo jih med funkcionalne glasovne motnje, saj nastopijo kljub normalnemu organskemu stanju vokalnega aparata tj. odsotnosti strukturnih poškodb in/ali nevroloških motenj. Podatkov o pogostosti psihogenih glasovnih motenj v Sloveniji nimamo. Zaradi njihovega zapletenega profila in nesistematskih terapevtskih postopkov so psihogene disfonije malo in slabo raziskovane. Magistrska naloga ugotavlja po...

  20. Digital kommunikation med den offentlige sektor: Styrelser og statslige institutioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berger, Jesper Bull; Andersen, Kim Normann

    digital postkasse, som borgerne kunne skrive til. I denne undersøgelse sættes der fokus på myndighedernes besvarelse af den digitale post. Digital post blev bl.a. etableret som et alternativ til almindelig e-mail for at det offentlige kan kommunikere med borgere og virksomheder på en sikker måde, dvs....... uden at uvedkommende kan få adgang til følsomme oplysninger. Fokus for undersøgelsen er hvordan håndterer myndighederne besvarelserne i den digitale postkasse: svarer de på digital post og e-mail, hvor hurtigt svarer de og er svarene brugbare? Vi har også undersøgt besvarelse af e-mail, dels...... for at kunne sammenligne de to digitale kanaler og for at kunne sammenligne med en tidligere undersøgelse af digital kommunikation med det offentlige. Herudover er der tidligere gennemført en undersøgelse af e-mail svar og svartider i New Zealand og Australien. De danske resultater fra e-mail undersøgelsen...

  1. [Systematic literature search in PubMed : A short introduction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blümle, A; Lagrèze, W A; Motschall, E

    2018-03-01

    In order to identify current (and relevant) evidence for a specific clinical question within the unmanageable amount of information available, solid skills in performing a systematic literature search are essential. An efficient approach is to search a biomedical database containing relevant literature citations of study reports. The best known database is MEDLINE, which is searchable for free via the PubMed interface. In this article, we explain step by step how to perform a systematic literature search via PubMed by means of an example research question in the field of ophthalmology. First, we demonstrate how to translate the clinical problem into a well-framed and searchable research question, how to identify relevant search terms and how to conduct a text word search and a search with keywords in medical subject headings (MeSH) terms. We then show how to limit the number of search results if the search yields too many irrelevant hits and how to increase the number in the case of too few citations. Finally, we summarize all essential principles that guide a literature search via PubMed.

  2. MedRapid--medical community & business intelligence system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finkeissen, E; Fuchs, H; Jakob, T; Wetter, T

    2002-01-01

    currently, it takes at least 6 months for researchers to communicate their results. This delay is caused (a) by partial lacks of machine support for both representation as well as communication and (b) by media breaks during the communication process. To make an integrated communication between researchers and practitioners possible, a general structure for medical content representation has been set up. The procedure for data entry and quality management has been generalized and implemented in a web-based authoring system. The MedRapid-system supports the medical experts in entering their knowledge into a database. Here, the level of detail is still below that of current medical guidelines representation. However, the symmetric structure for an area-wide medical knowledge representation is highly retrievable and thus can quickly be communicated into daily routine for the improvement of the treatment quality. In addition, other sources like journal articles and medical guidelines can be references within the MedRapid-system and thus be communicated into daily routine. The fundamental system for the representation of medical reference knowledge (from reference works/books) itself is not sufficient for the friction-less communication amongst medical staff. Rather, the process of (a) representing medical knowledge, (b) refereeing the represented knowledge, (c) communicating the represented knowledge, and (d) retrieving the represented knowledge has to be unified. MedRapid will soon support the whole process on one server system.

  3. Køn vikler sig ind i alt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsen, Inge; Søndergaard, Dorte Marie

    2016-01-01

    Ligestilling er emnet for FN’s Verdensmål 5, der i den danske version er formuleret med en overskrift om at: ‘Opnå ligestilling mellem kønnene og styrke kvinders og pigers rettigheder og muligheder’. I FN’s generalforsamlings resolution af 25. september 2015 Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda...... for Sustainable Development bliver målet yderligere specificeret. • Afskaffelse af alle former for diskrimination mod alle kvinder og piger overalt • Eliminering af alle former for vold mod kvinder og piger i offentlige og private sfærer, herunder menneskehandel og seksuel og andre former for udnyttelse...

  4. Integration, mentoring & networking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloksgaard, Lotte

    KVINFOs mentornetværk har siden 2003 anvendt mentoring og networking med det formål at åbne døre til det danske samfund og arbejdsmarked for kvinder med indvandrer-/flygtningebaggrund. I mentoringdelen matches kvinder med flygtninge- og indvandrerbaggrund (mentees) med kvinder, som er solidt...... forankret på det danske arbejdsmarked og har et bredt kendskab til Danmark (mentorer) - formålet er at støtte mentee i at realisere sit potentiale på det danske arbejdsmarked og i det danske samfund. Formålet med denne undersøgelse er, via gennemførsel af en række fokusgruppeinterviews med mentees fra...... KVINFOs mentornetværk, at indsamle og analysere disses erfaringer med at indgå i netværket samt opnå større viden om mentoring og networking som integrationsfremmende metoder....

  5. Multiple roles for Med12 in vertebrate endoderm development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Chong Hyun; Chung, Won-Suk; Hong, Sung-Kook; Ober, Elke A; Verkade, Heather; Field, Holly A; Huisken, Jan; Stainier, Didier Y R

    2008-05-15

    In zebrafish, the endoderm originates at the blastula stage from the most marginal blastomeres. Through a series of complex morphogenetic movements and differentiation events, the endodermal germ layer gives rise to the epithelial lining of the digestive tract as well as its associated organs such as the liver, pancreas, and swim bladder. How endodermal cells differentiate into distinct cell types such as hepatocytes or endocrine and exocrine pancreatic cells remains a major question. In a forward genetic screen for genes regulating endodermal organ development, we identified mutations at the shiri locus that cause defects in the development of a number of endodermal organs including the liver and pancreas. Detailed phenotypic analyses indicate that these defects are partially due to a reduction in endodermal expression of the hairy/enhancer of split-related gene, her5, at mid to late gastrulation stages. Using the Tg(0.7her5:EGFP)(ne2067) line, we show that her5 is expressed in the endodermal precursors that populate the pharyngeal region as well as the organ-forming region. We also find that knocking down her5 recapitulates some of the endodermal phenotypes of shiri mutants, further revealing the role of her5 in endoderm development. Positional cloning reveals that shiri encodes Med12, a regulatory subunit of the transcriptional Mediator complex recently associated with two human syndromes. Additional studies indicate that Med12 modulates the ability of Casanova/Sox32 to induce sox17 expression. Thus, detailed phenotypic analyses of embryos defective in a component of the Mediator complex have revealed new insights into discrete aspects of vertebrate endoderm development, and provide possible explanations for the craniofacial and digestive system defects observed in humans with mutations in MED12.

  6. Hva med de gjenstridige dokumentene? Fagreferentrollen i spesialsamlinger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solveig Greve

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Spesialsamlinger er samlinger av ”gjenstridige dokumenter”, dvs. dokumenter som er sjeldne, unika eller upubliserte og derfor ofte er fysisk bundet til eierinstitusjonen. Det er typisk at slike samlinger mangler moderne standarder for metadata og felles nasjonale katalogiseringsverktøy. Eierinstitusjonene har et kulturansvar for bevaring og tilgjengeliggjøring av disse dokumentene overfor en bredere allmennhet enn et fagbiblioteks ”primærbrukere”. Fagreferentens oppgaver vil være preget av dette. Bevaring, sikring og produksjon av digitale fulltekstdokumenter er sentralt. Det er også typisk for slike samlinger at en har en betydelig backlog. Det vil være fagreferentens oppgave å løfte fram ukjent kildemateriale, gjennom digitaliseringsprosjekter og forskning. Fagreferentens viktigste oppgaver vil da være mer rettet mot samlingspleie og formidling av egne samlinger og mindre fokus på andre institusjoners samlinger. Slik vil også undervisningen av studentene bli preget av arkivpresntasjon av innhold og forelesninger om teoretiske og praktiske forhold knyttet til å arbeide med spesielle materialtyper og mindre til utvikling av vanlig informasjonskompetanse. Denne situasjonen vil forandre seg hvis/når institusjonene blir enige om utvekslingsformater og mengden av digitale fulltekstdokumenter øker. Utfordringene for spesialsamlinger vil også være fagreferentenes utfordringer; I en stadig mer elektronisk verden, kan arbeidet med de fysiske samlingene lett bli marginalisert, selv om nettopp den tekniske utviklingen kunne løse mange problemer for de gjenstridige dokumentene. Men slik prioritering krever store ressurser, høy kompetanse, engasjement og politisk gjennomslagskraft. Kostnadene er høye, og konkurrerer budsjettmessig med galopperende elektroniske utgifter for hele biblioteket. Spesialsamlingenes fagreferenter kan bli en minoritetsstemme i bibliotekenes moderniseringsprosess, til skade for bibliotekenes totale faglige

  7. Tracking Studies of the MedAustron HEBT

    CERN Document Server

    Schönauer, H

    2014-01-01

    The design of the HEBT, the High Energy Beam Transfer line of the MedAustron Hadron Therapy Centre is based on new concepts developed in the CERN PIMMS Study of the Nineties. One of those is the ‘bar-of-charge’, a very realistic description of the particularities of the horizontal phase space distribution of the slow-extracted beams. Tracking a distribution - produced by simulation of the slow extraction - from the electrostatic septum through the modules of the transfer line gives the sometimes rather particular phase space distributions and their projections at the monitors. Knowing the theoretical phase space distributions there is helpful in the interpretation of the profiles observed.

  8. Editorial announcing PubMed indexing of Oncolytic Virotherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Farassati F

    2017-01-01

    Faris Farassati1,21Saint Luke’s Cancer Institute-Saint Luke’s Marion Bloch Neuroscience Institute, Kansas City, MO, USA; 2Midwest Biomedical Research Foundation, Kansas City, MO, USAI am delighted to announce that Oncolytic Virotherapy has been accepted for indexing with PubMed. This is an exciting first step in the life of a new life sciences journal, when the scientific quality of its articles is proven high enough to meet the National Library of Medicine’s sta...

  9. Delivery of Special Magnets for the MedAustron Project

    CERN Document Server

    Kramer, T; Barlow, R A; Barnes, MJ; Borburgh, J; Ducimetière, L; Fowler, T; Hourican, M; Mertens, V; Prost, A

    2014-01-01

    Ten different types of kickers, bumpers, and electrostatic and magnetic septa, along with certain power supplies and associated control system components, have been designed in a collaboration between CERN and MedAustron for an ion therapy centre in Wr. Neustadt (Austria). This paper focuses on the status of the special magnets work package and the improvements applied during the production. The design parameters are compared with data from measurements, hardware test and initial commissioning. The major factors contributing to the successful completion of the work package are highlighted.

  10. Vejen ud

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Døssing, Lis; Holm Sørensen, Mogens; Kofod, Jens Erik

    Dette arbejdspapir sætter fokus på kvinder på vej ud af prostitution, og de støttebehov, nogle af dem kan have. Kvinder, der har været i prostitution, kan have senfølger, der med sandsynlighed kan relateres til prostitution. Derfor kan de have behov for støtte og hjælp, når de stopper og i en per...

  11. Cervical Insufficiency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxlund-Mariegaard, Birgitte Sophie

    2010-01-01

    Cervix insufficiens er en for tidlig modning og udvidelse af livmoderhalsen i graviditetens 2. trimester. Forskning inden for området har beskæftiget sig med forskellige årsager til cervix insufficiens, men de egentlige patofysiologiske omstændigheder er ikke kendt. I mange år har man arbejdet ud...... fra en hypotese om, at cervix insufficiens skyldes en konstitutionel defekt i bindevævet i cervix uteri. Der har været foreslået, at en nedsat kollagenkoncentration og et forøget indhold af glatte muskelceller i cervix kunne medføre en forringet biomekanisk styrke af cervixvævet i forbindelse med...... hypotesen: at cervix insufficiens skyldes en konstitutionel defekt i det cervikale bindevæv. Alle undersøgelserne i denne afhandling er baseret på cervix biopsier fra ikke-gravide kvinder. De biomekaniske egenskaber, kollagenkoncentration, relative indhold af kollagen og glatte muskelceller samt...

  12. Quince años de MedUNAB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Hérnandez Rey

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Para conmemorar los quince años de MedUNAB el comité estudiantil quiso escribir sobre el significado que tiene para cada uno de sus miembros pertenecer a ella. Es así como en este editorial recogemos las distintas experiencias que se han tenido, algunas de años, otras de meses. MedUNAB es una escuela editorial que hace posible que tres veces al año la comunidad académica de Latinoamérica cuente, tanto física como virtualmente, con una revista científica del área de la salud. Los miembros del comité estudiantil son seleccionados por el editor y por los integrantes con más antigüedad después de hacer un entrenamiento en el cual se aprenden las bases para el proceso editorial que va desde la recepción de los artículos, hasta cómo hacer llegar la revista a cada uno de ustedes en aulas de clase, congresos, simposios, charlas y consultorios, pasando por la evaluación de los escritos, basada en los estrictos parámetros internacionales, la búsqueda de revisores calificados, la corrección de estilo y la diagramación.

  13. MedCast: a discussion support system for cooperative work

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, Ramon A.; Lima, Vinícius; Lopes, Isidro; Gutierrez, Marco A.

    2012-02-01

    The availability of low cost Internet connections and specialized hardware, like webcams and headsets, makes possible the development of solutions for remote collaborative work. These solutions can provide advantages compared to presential meetings, such as: availability of experts on remote locations; lower price compared to presential meetings; creation of online didactic material (e.g. video-classes); richer forms of interaction between participants. These technologies are particularly interesting for continent-sized countries where typically there is a short number of skilled people in remote areas. However, the application of these technologies in medical field represents a special challenge due to the more complex requirements of this area, such as: Provide confidentiality (patient de-identification) and integrity of patient data; Guarantee availability of the system; Guarantee authenticity of data and users; Provide simple and effective user interface; Be compliant with medical standards such as DICOM and HL7. In order to satisfy those requirements a prototype called MedCast is under development whose architecture allows the integration of the Hospital Information System (HIS) with a collaborative tool in compliance with the HIPAA rules. Some of the MedCast features are: videoconferencing, chat, recording of the sessions, sharing of documents and reports and still and dynamic images presentation. Its current version allows the remote discussion of clinical cases and the remote ECG evaluation.

  14. MedAustron - Ion-Beam Therapy and Research Center

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schreiner, Thomas; Seemann, Rolf

    2015-01-01

    MedAustron is a synchrotron-based light-ion beam therapy center for cancer treatment as well as for clinical and non-clinical research, currently in the commissioning phase in Wiener Neustadt, Austria. Recently, the first proton beam was transported successfully to one of the four irradiation rooms. Whilst the choice of basic machine parameters was driven by medical requirements, i.e. 60 MeV protons and 120 MeV/A to 400 MeV/A carbon ions, the accelerator complex design was also optimized to offer flexibility for research operation. The potential of the synchrotron is being exploited to increase the maximum proton energy far beyond the medical needs to up to 800 MeV, for experimental physics applications, mainly in the areas of proton scattering and detector research. The accelerator layout allows for the installation of up to four ion source-spectrometer units, to provide various ion types besides the clinical used protons and carbon ions. Besides experimental physics, the two main non-clinical research disciplines are medical radiation physics and radiation biology. To decouple research and medical operation, a dedicated irradiation room for non-clinical research was included providing the installation of different experiments. In addition, several labs have been equipped with appropriate devices for preparing and analyzing radio-biological samples. This presentation gives a status overview over the whole project and highlights the non-clinical research opportunities at MedAustron. (Author)

  15. Editorial announcing PubMed indexing of Oncolytic Virotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farassati F

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Faris Farassati1,21Saint Luke’s Cancer Institute-Saint Luke’s Marion Bloch Neuroscience Institute, Kansas City, MO, USA; 2Midwest Biomedical Research Foundation, Kansas City, MO, USAI am delighted to announce that Oncolytic Virotherapy has been accepted for indexing with PubMed. This is an exciting first step in the life of a new life sciences journal, when the scientific quality of its articles is proven high enough to meet the National Library of Medicine’s standards for archiving. All articles published in Oncolytic Virotherapy are available through PubMed Central (as well as Dove Medical Press and are now discoverable through National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI suite of databases, meaning increased exposure for our authors and their research.The field of oncolytic virotherapy has moved rapidly since the 1990s when the advent of genetic engineering renewed interest in the adaptation of viruses for cancer gene therapy.1 Publications in this field reached an all-time high in 2012,2 the same year that Oncolytic Virotherapy was launched. The journal has published high-quality reviews, case reports, and original research articles across a wide range of topics. Our most viewed article is currently “Oncolytic viral therapy for pancreatic cancer: current research and future directions”,3 while the review “Oncolytic viral therapy: targeting cancer stem cells”4 has generated the most citations.

  16. Læringslandskaber for elever med indlæringsvanskeligheder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Szulevicz, Thomas

    Baggrund Denne afhandling består af en empirisk undersøgelse af den pædagogiske praksis på Havredal Praktiske Landbrugsskole (HPL). HPL er en mesterlæreinspireret landbrugsuddannelse for unge elever mellem 16-25 år med indlæringsvanskeligheder. HPL fungerer som et moderne landbrug, der drives af...... elever og lærere i fællesskab. Der er 38 indskrevne elever på skolen, der dyrker 140 ha jord og har en besætning på 50 sortbrogede malkekøer i løsdriftsstald, 250 søer samt 10 heste. Elevernes uddannelse og læring er struktureret omkring deres deltagelse i landbrugsaktiviteterne på skolen. HPL er...... observationerne fandt sted i forskningsprojektets første 14 måneder. Herudover er der blevet foretaget kvalitative interviews med 12 elever fra HPL. Heraf blev de 7 af eleverne interviewet à 3 omgange. 7 lærere på HPL er blevet interviewet. Endelig er der blevet foretaget to videoobservationer af en elevs...

  17. MedlinePlus FAQ: MedlinePlus and MEDLINE/PubMed

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Question: What is the difference between MedlinePlus and MEDLINE/PubMed? To use the sharing features on this ... to latest health professional articles on your topic. MEDLINE/PubMed: Is a database of professional biomedical literature ...

  18. Sygemeldte og førtidspensionister med handicap: Jobcentermedarbejderes perspektiver på jobcentrenes indsats

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgelund, Jan; Tørslev, Mette Kirstine; Weibel, Kristina

    Denne rapport belyser udvalgte jobcentermedarbejderes syn på beskæftigelsesindsatsen over for sygedagpengemodtagere og førtidspensionister med handicap. Rapporten bygger på kvalitative interviews med medarbejdere og ledelsesrepræsentanter i tre jobcentre. Der er gennemført interview med i alt 12...

  19. Forskning i musikterapi - børn med en Autisme Spektrum Forstyrrelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holck, Ulla

    2011-01-01

    Der er forskningsmæssig evidens for, at musikterapi med børn med en autisme spektrum forstyrrelse (ASF) har en signifikant effekt. Cochrane reviews påviser, at musikterapi fremmer verbal og navnlig nonverbal kommunikation hos børn med ASF. En RCT-undersøgelse viser endvidere en signifikant effekt...

  20. Med5(Nut1 and Med17(Srb4 are direct targets of mediator histone H4 tail interactions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhongle Liu

    Full Text Available The Mediator complex transmits activation signals from DNA bound transcription factors to the core transcription machinery. In addition to its canonical role in transcriptional activation, recent studies have demonstrated that S. cerevisiae Mediator can interact directly with nucleosomes, and their histone tails. Mutations in Mediator subunits have shown that Mediator and certain chromatin structures mutually impact each other structurally and functionally in vivo. We have taken a UV photo cross-linking approach to further delineate the molecular basis of Mediator chromatin interactions and help determine whether the impact of certain Mediator mutants on chromatin is direct. Specifically, by using histone tail peptides substituted with an amino acid analog that is a UV activatible crosslinker, we have identified specific subunits within Mediator that participate in histone tail interactions. Using Mediator purified from mutant yeast strains we have evaluated the impact of these subunits on histone tail binding. This analysis has identified the Med5 subunit of Mediator as a target for histone tail interactions and suggests that the previously observed effect of med5 mutations on telomeric heterochromatin and silencing is direct.

  1. Erfaringer med substitution af PVC ved renere teknologi og brancheaftaler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Ulrik

    Rapporten gennemgår den danske debat om PVC og de miljøpolitiske tiltag, der har været gennemført. Et survey i danske plastvirksomheder gennemført i projektet viser, at industrien er forberedt på at gennemføre en omfattende substitution af PVC, hvis der stilles politisk krav om det eller markedet...... efterspørger det. Til gengæld viser brancheaftalerne sig at være et svagt instrument og der peges på et behov for en opfølgning af de gode resultater, der er opnået med substitution af PVC i en række renere teknologi projekter, som har fået statslig støtte....

  2. A Shielding Concept for the MedAustron Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jägerhofer, L.; Feldbaumer, E.; Roesler, S.; Theis, C.; Vincke, H.

    2017-09-01

    MedAustron is a synchrotron based accelerator facility for cancer therapy and research in Wiener Neustadt, 50 km south of Vienna. The facility will provide protons up to kinetic energies of 250 MeV and carbon ions up to 400 MeV/n for ion beam therapy. Additionally, protons up to 800 MeV kinetic energy will be used in a dedicated room for non-clinical research. In order to obtain a shielding concept for this facility a detailed geometry of the accelerator facility was implemented into the Monte-Carlo code FLUKA and shielding simulations were performed. In the course of these simulations the contributions of different particle types to the mixed fields around the accelerator and behind shielding were analysed. In an iterative process with the architect the final design of the shielding concept was developed until it was capable of reducing the effect of secondary radiation on humans and the environment below Austrian legal limits.

  3. Blogs - Læringsfællesskab med rum til refleksion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danbjørg, Dorthe Boe; Clemensen, Jane; Hansen, Pernille Stenkil

    2018-01-01

    Anvendelse af blogs i læringssituationer kan give studerende mulighed for at reflektere i fællesskab. Derfor blev blogs afprøvet blandt universitetsstuderende med det formål at undersøge, hvordan studerende oplever anvendelsen af blogmediet, samt undersøge hvilke former for refleksion, som blogs...... kan understøtte. Undersøgelsen var baseret på en sociokulturel forståelse af læring, hvor læring ses som en proces, der konstrueres gennem interaktioner. Blogs blev afprøvet som en del af et undervisningsforløb for 24 studerende. Blogindlæggene blev analyseret mhp at identificere refleksionsniveauet...... uklarhed over opgaven og usikkerhed på hvordan blogmediet anvendes. Endelig kan anvendelsen af blogs i læringssituationer udfordre de gængse opfattelser af læring, hvilket kan skabe forvirring hos de studerende....

  4. Udkantsdanmark: Avisernes (med)produktion af Nordjyllands territorielle stigma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pristed Nielsen, Helene; Christensen, Sascha

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen undersøger hvordan Region Nordjylland (NJ) beskrives i medierne og hvordan diskursen om Udkanten dominerer avisernes fremstilling af regionen . Baggrunden herfor er en interesse for social ulighed, og i denne sammenhæng Wacquants begreb om territorielt stigma (1996, 2007). Wacquant føjer...... stigma. I Gunnar Lind Haase Svendsens studie af italesættelsen af ’udkanten’ fra 1996-2011 ses fx en gennem de seneste år stigende anvendelse af termer som ’den rådne banan’ og ’Udkantsdanmark’ i medierne (Svendsen 2013: 12). Dette stigma forbindes med flere dele af Danmark (se bl.a. Arbejderbevægelsens...

  5. Martin Luther og mødet med islam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinding, Niels Valdemar

    2017-01-01

    Martin Luthers forståelse af islam og af koranen flytter sig over tid. Den er afhængigt af kontekst, hvilket især er præget af ’tyrkens,’ dvs. osmannernes erobringer op i Europa. Den er også afhængigt af Luthers egen samtid og den teologiske kontekst, som han er dybt involveret i. Endeligt, og det...... er bemærkelsesværdigt, så skærper Luther sin analyse af islam på baggrund af ny viden og nye kilder, især det eksemplar af koranen, som han får til rådighed i 1542. Luthers kritiske og polemiske engagement med koranen er kendetegnet ved, at han ikke forkaster den såre uden grundigt at sætte sig ind i...

  6. Produktudvikling af fødevarer med Quality Function Deployment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Anne C.

    1998-01-01

    Produktudvikling af fødevarer stiller stadig større krav til virksomhedernes kompetencer. QFD filosofien kan bidrage til at skabe en fælles forståelse af grundlaget for udvikling af nye produkter. Udgangspunktet er en forståelse af forbrugernes behov i relation til virksomhedens muligheder...... konkurrentprodukter. Efterfølgende faser handler om at generere forskellige mulige løsninger, inden der træffes valg af løsningsalternativ. Anvendelse af QFD modellen for produktudvikling betyder, at forbrugernes behov er centrale i hele produktudviklingsforløbet, samt at det udviklede produkt sigter mod at opfylde...... væsentlige identificerede behov set fra forbrugernes synspunkt. At virksomheden ser implementering af QFD som en investering, medarbejdernes commitment og målrettet projekt, er væsentlig for en succesfuld implementering af QFD til produktudvikling. QFD tankegangen illustreres med et eksempel på udvikling af...

  7. Peer til peer i arbejdet med udsatte mennesker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahlmark, Nanna; Norrhäll, Oskar; Jensen, Pernille Hartvig

    Statens Institut for Folkesundhed, Syddansk Universitet har fået til opdrag at lave en formativ procesevaluering af Københavns Kommunes projekt Mænd i København. Projektet omhandler udvikling og implementering af en peer til peer indsats med henblik på at forbedre sundhed og trivsel blandt udsatte...... mænd i risiko for at udvikle type 2 diabetes. En del af evalueringsopdraget har været at tilvejebringe viden om relevant litteratur om peer-metoder. I denne forbindelse er dette notat udarbejdet til Københavns Kommunes Forebyggelsescenter Nørrebro af evaluerings-teamet, som består af forsker, Nanna...... Ahlmark, adjunkt ved Aalborg Universitet Camilla Dindler, praktikant og specialestuderende Oskar Norrhäll og specialestuderende Pernille Hartvig Jensen. Notatet er en sammenfatning af udvalgt forskningslitteratur og rapporter om peer til peer-relaterede projekter målrettet udsatte grupper i forbindelse...

  8. Acta stomatologica Croatica and PubMed Central.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brkić, Hrvoje

    2016-06-01

    April 15 2016 marked the 50th anniversary of continuous publishing of the journal Acta stomatologica Croatica (ASCRO). The celebration was held in the great hall of the Croatian Medical Association, with numerous guests from the biomedical field. The history of the journal was presented by Goran Knežević (editor-in-chief 1996-2006) and Hrvoje Brkić (current editor-in-chief), who presented all the current information on the electronical editing and its current indexation. Only a few days later, the Editorial Office received the information that ASCRO has been included in PubMed Central since volume 48, an impulse for the members of the Editorial Board and the Editor-in-Chief to make ASCRO better and more cited.

  9. Et væksthus med lys og varme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkelund, Regner

    1999-01-01

    sygeplejerskers 'hjemmelavede' uddannelsesmodel? Hvordan tager eksperimentet sig ud i lyset af Grundtvigs højskoletanker? Det konkluderes på disse spørgsmål, at der trods skarp kritik fra flere ortodokse højskolefolk var endog god 'grundtvigsk mening' i det, man foretog sig i Testrup. Med livsoplysning som et...... nytteløse er det nyttigste' i livsoplysningssammenhæng, fremholdes i denne forbindelse som en vigtig grundtvigsk pointe, og for at klargøre relationen mellem denne æstetiske dimension og livsoplysning er Løgstrups etik- og æstetikforståelse blevet inddraget. Der argumenteres for, at Løgstrups opfattelse af...

  10. Overview of the MedAustron design and technology choices

    CERN Document Server

    Benedikt, M; Palm, M; Pirkl, W; Dorda, U; Fabich, A

    2010-01-01

    MedAustron is a synchrotron based accelerator facility for cancer treatment in Austria currently in the development phase. The design is based on the PIMMS study [1] and CNAO [2] synchrotron. In addition to the clinical application, the accelerator will also provide beams for nonclinical research in the fields of medical radiation physics, radiation biology and experimental physics with an extended proton energy range beyond medical requirements to 800 MeV. The differences to others medical acceleratorbased facilities will be elaborated, specifically the used source technologies and configuration (starting up with protons (p) and carbon ions (C6+) allowing a later upgrade to ion species up to neon) and the online verification of all relevant beam parameters. The current project status is presented.

  11. Kultur, etnicitet og socialt arbejde med børn og familier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bülow, Maria; Austeen Leth, Louise

    2015-01-01

    Denne grundbog giver et samlet overblik over området. Et gennemgående fokus er socialrådgiverens dobbelte rolle som på den ene side støtteperson og vejleder og på den anden repræsentant for myndighederne. Dette kapitel beskæftiger sig med kultur og etnicitet og hvordan der i praksis arbejdes med ...... familier med forskellige kulturelle baggrunde. Vi diskuterer kulturforståelser og bruger praksis fortællinger til at illustrerer muligheder og begrænsninger med de forskellige kulturforståelser og for det sociale arbejde med familier....

  12. OvidSP Medline-to-PubMed search filter translation: a methodology for extending search filter range to include PubMed's unique content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damarell, Raechel A; Tieman, Jennifer J; Sladek, Ruth M

    2013-07-02

    PubMed translations of OvidSP Medline search filters offer searchers improved ease of access. They may also facilitate access to PubMed's unique content, including citations for the most recently published biomedical evidence. Retrieving this content requires a search strategy comprising natural language terms ('textwords'), rather than Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). We describe a reproducible methodology that uses a validated PubMed search filter translation to create a textword-only strategy to extend retrieval to PubMed's unique heart failure literature. We translated an OvidSP Medline heart failure search filter for PubMed and established version equivalence in terms of indexed literature retrieval. The PubMed version was then run within PubMed to identify citations retrieved by the filter's MeSH terms (Heart failure, Left ventricular dysfunction, and Cardiomyopathy). It was then rerun with the same MeSH terms restricted to searching on title and abstract fields (i.e. as 'textwords'). Citations retrieved by the MeSH search but not the textword search were isolated. Frequency analysis of their titles/abstracts identified natural language alternatives for those MeSH terms that performed less effectively as textwords. These terms were tested in combination to determine the best performing search string for reclaiming this 'lost set'. This string, restricted to searching on PubMed's unique content, was then combined with the validated PubMed translation to extend the filter's performance in this database. The PubMed heart failure filter retrieved 6829 citations. Of these, 834 (12%) failed to be retrieved when MeSH terms were converted to textwords. Frequency analysis of the 834 citations identified five high frequency natural language alternatives that could improve retrieval of this set (cardiac failure, cardiac resynchronization, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, and LV dysfunction). Together these terms reclaimed

  13. PubMed Medline 1: Accés. Gener 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Universitat de Barcelona. CRAI

    2011-01-01

    També podeu consultar altres tutorials sobre el PubMed: 2. PubMed Medline: Cerca bàsica, http://hdl.handle.net/2445/15123; 3. PubMed Medline: Elements de cerca i límits, http://hdl.handle.net/2445/15124; 4. PubMed Medline: Matèries MeSH, http://hdl.handle.net/2445/15125; 5. PubMed Medline: Cerca avançada, http://hdl.handle.net/2445/15126; 6. PubMed Medline: Exemple de cerca avançada, http://hdl.handle.net/2445/15127; 7. PubMed Medline: Gestionar els resultats, http://hdl.handle.net/2445/1512...

  14. Klinisk retningslinje for opsporing af angst og/eller depression hos indlagte og ambulante patienter med kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strømstad, Grisja Vorre; Stassen, Ingelise Trosborg; Lassen Nielsen, Stine

    2015-01-01

    Formålet med den kliniske retningslinje er, at identificere screeningsredskaber der kan opspore angst og depression hos patienter med KOL, så patienter med angst og/eller depression bliver tilbudt relevant behandling....

  15. The Mediterranean Supersite Volcanoes (MED-SUV) Project: an overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puglisi, Giuseppe

    2013-04-01

    In response to the EC call ENV.2012.6.4-2 (Long-term monitoring experiments in geologically active regions of Europe prone to natural hazards: the Supersite concept - FP7-ENV-2012-two-stage) a wide community of volcanological institutions proposed the project Mediterranean Supersite Volcanoes (MED-SUV), which is in the negotiation phase at the time of writing. The Consortium is composed by 18 European University and research institutes, four Small or Medium Enterprises (SME) and two non-European University and research institutes. MED-SUV will improve the consortium capacity of assessment of volcanic hazards in Supersites of Southern Italy by optimising and integrating existing and new observation/monitoring systems, by a breakthrough in understanding of volcanic processes and by increasing the effectiveness of the coordination between the scientific and end-user communities. More than 3 million of people are exposed to potential volcanic hazards in a large region in the Mediterranean Sea, where two among the largest European volcanic areas are located: Mt. Etna and Campi Flegrei/Vesuvius. This project will fully exploit the unique detailed long-term in-situ monitoring data sets available for these volcanoes and integrate with Earth Observation (EO) data, setting the basic tools for a significant step ahead in the discrimination of pre-, syn- and post-eruptive phases. The wide range of styles and intensities of volcanic phenomena observed on these volcanoes, which can be assumed as archetypes of 'closed conduit ' and 'open conduit' volcano, together with the long-term multidisciplinary data sets give an exceptional opportunity to improve the understanding of a very wide spectrum of geo-hazards, as well as implementing and testing a large variety of innovative models of ground deformation and motion. Important impacts on the European industrial sector are expected, arising from a partnership integrating the scientific community and SMEs to implement together new

  16. Performance requirements of the MedAustron beam delivery system

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2073034

    The Austrian hadron therapy center MedAustron is currently under construction with patient treatment planned to commence in 2015. Tumors will be irradiated using proton and carbon ions, for which the steeply rising Bragg curve and finite range offer a better conformity of the dose to the geometrical shape of the tumor compared to conventional photon irradiation. The current trend is to move from passive scattering toward active scanning using a narrow pencil beam in order to reach an even better dose conformation and limit the need of patient specific hardware. The quality of the deposited dose will ultimately depend on the performance of the beam delivery chain: beam profile and extraction stability of the extracted beam, accuracy and ramp rate of the scanning magnet power supplies, and precision of the beam monitors used for verifying the delivered dose. With a sharp lateral penumbra, the transverse dose fall-off can be minimized. This is of particular importance in situations where the lesion is adjace...

  17. A Shielding Concept for the MedAustron Facility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jägerhofer L.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available MedAustron is a synchrotron based accelerator facility for cancer therapy and research in Wiener Neustadt, 50 km south of Vienna. The facility will provide protons up to kinetic energies of 250 MeV and carbon ions up to 400 MeV/n for ion beam therapy. Additionally, protons up to 800 MeV kinetic energy will be used in a dedicated room for non-clinical research. In order to obtain a shielding concept for this facility a detailed geometry of the accelerator facility was implemented into the Monte-Carlo code FLUKA and shielding simulations were performed. In the course of these simulations the contributions of different particle types to the mixed fields around the accelerator and behind shielding were analysed. In an iterative process with the architect the final design of the shielding concept was developed until it was capable of reducing the effect of secondary radiation on humans and the environment below Austrian legal limits.

  18. Risker och möjligheter i samband med Bitcoin : Bitcoin - ett pyramidspel eller en finansbubbla?

    OpenAIRE

    Rutanen, Emmi

    2015-01-01

    I denna undersökning har jag undersökt risker och möjligheter som finns i samband med den virtuella valutan Bitcoin. Syftet med undersökningen var att reda ut hurdana risker och möjligheter det finns i samband med Bitcoin samt jämföra Bitcoin med pyramidspel och finansbubblor. Analysen är utfört i två delar, den första med en SWOT analys och den andra genom att utvärdera valutans särdrag med finansbubblor och pyramidspel. Analysen strävar till att besvara de största riskerna samt möjlighetern...

  19. Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Entry, Descent, and Landing Instrumentation (MEDLI): Complete Flight Data Set

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheatwood, F. McNeil; Bose, Deepak; Karlgaard, Christopher D.; Kuhl, Christopher A.; Santos, Jose A.; Wright, Michael J.

    2014-01-01

    The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) entry vehicle (EV) successfully entered the Mars atmosphere and landed the Curiosity rover safely on the surface of the planet in Gale crater on August 6, 2012. MSL carried the MSL Entry, Descent, and Landing (EDL) Instrumentation (MEDLI). MEDLI delivered the first in-depth understanding of the Mars entry environments and the response of the entry vehicle to those environments. MEDLI was comprised of three major subsystems: the Mars Entry Atmospheric Data System (MEADS), the MEDLI Integrated Sensor Plugs (MISP), and the Sensor Support Electronics (SSE). Ultimately, the entire MEDLI sensor suite consisting of both MEADS and MISP provided measurements that were used for trajectory reconstruction and engineering validation of aerodynamic, atmospheric, and thermal protection system (TPS) models in addition to Earth-based systems testing procedures. This report contains in-depth hardware descriptions, performance evaluation, and data information of the three MEDLI subsystems.

  20. Tværsektorielt samarbejde ved behandling af patienter med type 2-diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Lene; Røder, Michael E; Hansen, Ida H

    2018-01-01

    Hovedbudskaber • Sundhedsstyrelsen lægger vægt på tværsektorielt samarbejde omkring patienten med type 2-diabetes, men denne tankegang er dog ikke implementeret i det danske sundhedsvæsen • På organisatorisk niveau kan en stratificerings- og forløbsmodel give anvisninger til opgave- og...... udnyttelse af sundhedsvæsenets ressourcer samtidig med, at behandling af høj kvalitet fastholdes og udvikles for patienter med type 2-diabetes...

  1. Osmolaritetsmåling af tårevæsken med Tearlab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Anders Højslet; Hjortdal, Jesper

    2013-01-01

    Tørre øjne er en hyppigt forekommende tilstand, og med alderen ses ofte tiltagende symptomer. Tårefilmen og graden af tørre øjne kan evalueres på mange forskellige måder og med forskellige teknikker, som dog ikke altid korrelerer med hinanden og patientens symptomer. Måling af tårefilmens osmolar...

  2. Betydningsfulde øjeblikke - med modtageren i centrum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Fiske

    1992-08-01

    Full Text Available TV2 har fra starten positioneret sig som en modtagerorienteret kanal. I modsætning til DR-TV, hvor afsenderens hensigter (opdragelse, oplysning, demokratisk debat har været styrende for programpolitik- ken. Når afsenderhensigten bliver det overordnede i kommunikations- processen, kaldes det af mange bedreviden, formynderi eller skole- lærer TV. Den historiske forankring for sådanne programopfattelser har været diskuteret af Ib Bondebjerg i MedieKultur nr.14 og af Henrik Dahl i nr. 15. I konkurrencen med TV2 er DR-TV på vej væk fra sine rødder i bor- gerlige dannelsesidealer, forestillingen som enhedskulturen og oplys- ningstraditionen. For at give et lidt bredere perspektiv på konsekven- serne af den modtagerorientering, som også har præget diskussionen om receptionsforskningen i Danmark (se MedieKultur nr.7, bringer vi her en oversættelse af John Fiskes artikel fra "Critical Studies in Mass Communication", vol. 5: 246-251, 1988. For Fiske er modtageren det afgørende element, når en tekst skal tillægges betydning. Hermed sæt- ter han en ny ramme for diskussionen af hvad det er, der gør en tekst betydningsfuld, dvs. hvad der giver den kvalitet. John Fiske er en kontroversiel person i international medieforskning. Efter klassikeren "Reading Television" (1978, har han placeret sig, eller er blevet placeret som medieforskningens "enfant terrible", den totale populismes bannerfører, der ser sund folkelig modstand, hvor andre ser ideologisk hjernevask. Hans seneste udgivelser om popu- lærkultur, "Reading the Popular" og "Understanding Popular Culture" er blevet kaldt den største trussel i nyere tid mod et politisk forpligtet "cultural studies" (Martin Barkers anmeldelse i "Magazine of Culture Studies" nr.1, 1990. Artiklen er oversat af Mette Davidsen Nielsen.

  3. The MedAustron Project at CERN, Status Report, May 2013

    CERN Document Server

    Benedikt, M; Gutleber, J

    2013-01-01

    MedAustron is a light ion-therapy and research centre based on a synchrotron accelerator complex under construction in Austria. It is the first large-scale accelerator facility in Austria. For the implementation of the required accelerator technologies, the county of Lower Austria and the company EBG MedAustron have set up dedicated agreements with CERN. These cover the assistance of CERN for the design and manufacturing follow-up of accelerator components and training of MedAustron personnel. CERN contributed to the MedAustron construction in particular by providing domain expertise, infrastructure, and manpower in relation with the design, the tendering and procurement processes.\

  4. k-MED - from a local project to a service provider for eLearning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wagner, Richard

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available k-MED evolved from a single medical subject project in 1999 to a provider of comprehensive technology, infrastructure and content for authors and learners. It currently offers about 170 courses covering 16 medical subjects. The k-MED community consists of medical authors and experts for technology, graphical and instructional design. It has its proprietary authoring tools and an internet based learning management system, both being continually improved corresponding to service experiences. k-MED aims at ongoing development as a service provider for educational institutions for undergraduate or continuing medical education. For further information see http://www.k-med.org.

  5. Retrieving clinical evidence: a comparison of PubMed and Google Scholar for quick clinical searches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shariff, Salimah Z; Bejaimal, Shayna Ad; Sontrop, Jessica M; Iansavichus, Arthur V; Haynes, R Brian; Weir, Matthew A; Garg, Amit X

    2013-08-15

    Physicians frequently search PubMed for information to guide patient care. More recently, Google Scholar has gained popularity as another freely accessible bibliographic database. To compare the performance of searches in PubMed and Google Scholar. We surveyed nephrologists (kidney specialists) and provided each with a unique clinical question derived from 100 renal therapy systematic reviews. Each physician provided the search terms they would type into a bibliographic database to locate evidence to answer the clinical question. We executed each of these searches in PubMed and Google Scholar and compared results for the first 40 records retrieved (equivalent to 2 default search pages in PubMed). We evaluated the recall (proportion of relevant articles found) and precision (ratio of relevant to nonrelevant articles) of the searches performed in PubMed and Google Scholar. Primary studies included in the systematic reviews served as the reference standard for relevant articles. We further documented whether relevant articles were available as free full-texts. Compared with PubMed, the average search in Google Scholar retrieved twice as many relevant articles (PubMed: 11%; Google Scholar: 22%; PGoogle Scholar: 8%; P=.07). Google Scholar provided significantly greater access to free full-text publications (PubMed: 5%; Google Scholar: 14%; PGoogle Scholar returns twice as many relevant articles as PubMed and provides greater access to free full-text articles.

  6. Samtalegrupper for personer med Aspergers syndrom. En kvalitativ studie av hva fagpersoner forteller om planlegging, gjennomføring og effekt av samtalegrupper for personer med Aspergers syndrom

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Øyvind

    2014-01-01

    Denne oppgaven er skrevet ut fra problemstillingen: Hvordan beskriver fagpersoner planlegging, gjennomføring og effekt av samtalegrupper for personer med Aspergers syndrom? Den belyser teori om Aspergers syndrom, effekt av samtalegrupper samt andre viktige forhold i tilknytning til samtalegruppe, som kommunikasjon, veiledning og psykoedukasjon. Fire informanter fra nettverket «Nasjonalt fagutviklingsnettverk om psykoedukative grupper for personer med Aspergers syndrom» ble intervjuet, ...

  7. Vold og seksuelle overgreb mod børn og unge med handicap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holt, Helle; Christoffersen, Mogens; Poulsen, Maria Hedemark

    Formålet med denne rapport er at styrke vidensgrundlaget om vold og seksuelle overgreb mod børn og unge med handicap. Til det formål belyses omfanget af overgreb, ofrenes karakteristik, risiko- og beskyttelsesfaktorer samt fagfolks arbejde med mistanke, opsporing og handling. Undersøgelsens analyse...... består af tre dele: Første del belyser omfanget af vold og seksuelle overgreb mod børn og unge med handicap, baseret på oplysninger om politianmeldte sager og registeroplysninger. Anden del belyser børn og unges egne oplevelser med overgreb, baseret på eksisterende spørgeskemadata fra henholdsvis...... Børneforløbsundersøgelsen og Forløbsundersøgelsen af anbragte børn. Tredje del belyser fagpersoners daglige arbejde på området om opsporing og forebyggelse af ovegreb med børn og unge med handicap, baseret på en mindre spørgeskemaundersøgelse til fagpersoner på specialområdet samt enkelte interview med videnspersoner...

  8. Obamas opgør med Bush låser ham i dronekrig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulrich, Philip Christian

    2013-01-01

    En helt central del af Obamas valgkamp i 2008 var et opgør med dele af Bush administrationens krig mod terror. Obama er dog blevet fanget i en kontroversiel dronepolitik på grund af hans manglende succes med de indenrigspolitiske aspekter af opgøret...

  9. Exome sequencing identifies highly recurrent MED12 somatic mutations in breast fibroadenoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Weng Khong; Ong, Choon Kiat; Tan, Jing; Thike, Aye Aye; Ng, Cedric Chuan Young; Rajasegaran, Vikneswari; Myint, Swe Swe; Nagarajan, Sanjanaa; Nasir, Nur Diyana Md; McPherson, John R; Cutcutache, Ioana; Poore, Gregory; Tay, Su Ting; Ooi, Wei Siong; Tan, Veronique Kiak Mien; Hartman, Mikael; Ong, Kong Wee; Tan, Benita K T; Rozen, Steven G; Tan, Puay Hoon; Tan, Patrick; Teh, Bin Tean

    2014-08-01

    Fibroadenomas are the most common breast tumors in women under 30 (refs. 1,2). Exome sequencing of eight fibroadenomas with matching whole-blood samples revealed recurrent somatic mutations solely in MED12, which encodes a Mediator complex subunit. Targeted sequencing of an additional 90 fibroadenomas confirmed highly frequent MED12 exon 2 mutations (58/98, 59%) that are probably somatic, with 71% of mutations occurring in codon 44. Using laser capture microdissection, we show that MED12 fibroadenoma mutations are present in stromal but not epithelial mammary cells. Expression profiling of MED12-mutated and wild-type fibroadenomas revealed that MED12 mutations are associated with dysregulated estrogen signaling and extracellular matrix organization. The fibroadenoma MED12 mutation spectrum is nearly identical to that of previously reported MED12 lesions in uterine leiomyoma but not those of other tumors. Benign tumors of the breast and uterus, both of which are key target tissues of estrogen, may thus share a common genetic basis underpinned by highly frequent and specific MED12 mutations.

  10. Health informatics research in Australia: retrospective analysis using PubMed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumara Mendis

    2007-01-01

    Discussion Australian HI publications in PubMed increased consistently throughout the period 1970-2005, which is on a par with world trends in HI publications. In Australia, most HI publications are in general medical journals. Lack of consistency in author names and failure to include the country name and even the state are the main obstacles to PubMed bibliometric analysis.

  11. Fra interne udviklingsplaner til åben innovation med brug af Web 2.0 teknologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scupola, Ada; Sørensen, Flemming; Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh

    Abstrakt: Artiklen handler om brugerinddragelse i service innovation. Der er fokus på idéfasen kombineret med anvendelse af kommunikationsteknologi og i særdeleshed webblogmediet. Behov som kreativitet, heterogenitet, engagement med mere diskuteres. Der afrapporteres fra et eksperiment på Roskild...

  12. Fysisk rehabilitering i forbindelse med behandling af hæmatologiske sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgdal, Nina; Bartels, Frederik Reith; Smith, Nicholas Simon

    2015-01-01

    I denne statusartikel vurderes det, hvorvidt det eksisterende fysioterapeutiske træningstilbud under behandling af maligne sygdomme med højdosis kemoterapi og perifer stamcellestøtte (HD-ASCT) lever op til anbefalingerne i Kræftplan III. Alle seks hospitaler i Danmark, som behandler patienter med...

  13. Mental Health and Academic Achievement among M.Ed. Students in Kerala

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moradi Sheykhjan, Tohid; K., Rajeswari; Jabari, Kamran

    2017-01-01

    The present research endeavor was aimed to assess relationship between Mental Health and Academic Achievement among M.Ed. students in Kerala. The sample of the study consisted of 314 M.Ed. students in Kerala. The method used for the present study was survey method. Mental Health Status Scale (M.H.S. Scale) was used and the study used the total…

  14. Hverdagsliv for 11-årige med anden etnisk baggrund end dansk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Deding, Mette; Olsson, Martin

    Rapporten afdækker, hvordan hverdagslivet for 11-årige børn med anden etnisk baggrund end dansk adskiller sig fra jævnaldrende børn med dansk baggrund. Børnenes liv sammenlignes på områder som familiebaggrund, skolegang, fritidsliv og helbred. Børnenes familiebaggrunde er væsentligt forskellige....... Børnene med anden etnisk baggrund end dansk bor generelt i familier med svagere socioøkonomiske ressourcer end børnene med dansk baggrund. Forældrene har fx sjældnere en erhvervskompetencegivende uddannelse, og de er oftere uden beskæftigelse. Der er også markante forskelle i forhold til børnenes...... fritidsliv. Børn med anden etnisk baggrund end dansk går betydeligt mindre til organiserede fritidsaktiviteter, og det betyder, at de generelt har mindre voksenkontakt i fritiden end børn med dansk baggrund. Børnene med anden etnisk baggrund end dansk har generelt større selvbestemmelse over områder som...

  15. Food-Dependent Exercise-Induced Anaphylaxis - Kasuistik med hydrolyseret valleprotein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Junker Christensen, Morten

    2013-01-01

    Formål / Introduktion: Patienter med Food-Dependent Exercise-Induced Anaphylaxis (FDEIA) eller løbershock kan udvikle livstruende allergiske reaktioner (anafylaksi), når de kombinere fysisk anstrengelse med samtidig indtagelse af et normalt tolereret fødeemne - oftest hvede. Hydrolysering af prot...

  16. Die EBM-Datenbank DynaMed für PocketPC und Palm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dollfuß, Helmut

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available DynaMed is a database for Evidence Based Medicine. Licencee can download a stand-alone version of this database onto their Personal Digital Assistant (PDA. Contents and aims of DynaMed will be introduced. Main features of the PDA-version will be presented and illustrated with screenshots.

  17. Intervention rettet mod sproget hos børn med autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Cecilia

    2014-01-01

    Sprogniveauet hos børn med autisme er afgørende for deres muligheder for udfoldelse og udvikling, og sproget er et udviklingsområde, der er meget modtageligt for intensiv intervention. Imidlertid modtager danske børn med autisme kun sjældent intensiv intervention rettet mod sproget. De intensive...

  18. Fugtforhold i træfacader med letbeton bagvægge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dela Stang, B.

    Denne rapport beskriver, hvilke faktorer der har indflydelse på ophobningen af fugt i lette træfacader med bagvægge af letbeton. Såvel laboratorieforsøg som inspektion af eksisterende bygninger viser, at bagvægge af letbeton kombineret med lette træfacader giver en konstruktion, som er yderst føl...

  19. Erfaringer med RCT-studier på det sociale område

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Helle; Pontoppidan, Maiken

    2014-01-01

    Dette notat beskriver nogle af vores hidtidige erfaringer med at gennemføre randomiserede kontrollerede forsøg af sociale indsatser i danske kommuner. Med udgangspunkt i konkrete projekter beskriver vi de praktiske forhold, der er vigtige at overveje, inden et randomiseret forsøg sættes i gang, d...

  20. Forsøg med 4,8 m langt lydvaffelelement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Pilegaard

    med vaflen "i varm tilstand" og disse forsøg er beskrevet i en separat rapport, hvortil der henvises. Den statiske beregning af konstruktionen er foretaget af Hamiconsult A/S, Herning med udgangspunkt i DIF's normudkast. Juli 1997 for DS410 og DS411. Disse beregninger findes i bilag A, hvortil der...

  1. Hvorfor er det så svært med udsathed?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villumsen, Anne Marie Anker

    2015-01-01

    Der er misforståelse i den offentlige debat af, hvor vanskeligt det er at opspore og vurdere udsathed hos børn. Den pædagogiske profession må tage til genmæle med systematik og gennemsigtighed i praksis med opsporing og vurderingen af udsathed hos børn....

  2. Undervisningsdifferentiering for elever med særlige forudsætninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nissen, Poul

    2010-01-01

    Kapitlet indkredser, hvem elever med særlige forudsætninger er og beskriver og diskuteter, hvorledes intelligens måles. Dernæst berettes om, hvad man aktuelt nationalt og internationalt ved om, hvorledes disse elever har det i skolen. Endelig kommes med forslag til, hvorledes man kan måle, om all...

  3. Momsfradragsret i forbindelse med erhvervelse, besiddelse og salg af aktier samt andre kapitalandele

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Dennis Ramsdahl; Stensgaard, Henrik

    2006-01-01

    I momssystemet er transaktioner i forbindelse med aktier og andre kapitalandele underkastet en særlig regulering i form af momsfritagelse. Udgangspunktet i momssystemet er, at denne momsfritagelse afskærer fradragsret for moms afholdt i forbindelse med gennemførelse af sådanne transaktioner. Trod...

  4. How to improve your PubMed/MEDLINE searches: 1. background and basic searching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fatehi, Farhad; Gray, Leonard C; Wootton, Richard

    2013-12-01

    PubMed provides free access via the Internet to more than 23 million records, of which over 19 million are from the MEDLINE database of journal articles. PubMed also provides access to other databases, such as the NCBI Bookshelf. To perform a basic search, you can simply enter the search terms or the concept that you are looking for in the search box. However, taking care to clarify your key concepts may save much time later on, because a non-specific search is likely to produce an overwhelming number of result hits. One way to make your search more specific is to specify which field you want to search using field tags. By default, the results of a search are sorted by the date added to PubMed and displayed in summary format with 20 result hits (records) on each page. In summary format, the title of the article, list of authors, source of information (e.g., journal name followed by date of publication, volume, issue, pages) and the unique PubMed record number called the PubMed identifier (PMID) are shown. Although information is stored about the articles, PubMed/MEDLINE does not store the full text of the papers themselves. However, PubMedCentral (PMC) stores more than 2.8 million articles (roughly 10% of the articles in PubMed) and provides access to them for free to the users.

  5. Tøsne og forsytia – noget om livet med alzheimers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner

    2017-01-01

    Bogen er skrevet i de rolige stunder hvor Lene, som har Alzheimers sygdom, sover. Den er skrevet af en pårørende som sidder der midt i sin hverdag med demenssygdommen helt inde på livet. Han er samtidig en pårørende som kan noget med ord og som formår at indfange nuet og oplevelserne. Som læser får...... vi åbnet døren ind til stuen med ham og Lene, ind til mødet med lægen, i dagtilbuddet, på weekend, i trafikken, og ind til de mange andre nu’er, han oplever i livet med Alzheimer. Han beskriver sin kone Lenes tryghedsbehov, der er gigantisk som et lille barns, men uden at man skal opdrage – måske...

  6. DynaMed Plus®: An Evidence-Based Clinical Reference Resource.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charbonneau, Deborah H; James, LaTeesa N

    2018-01-01

    DynaMed Plus ® from EBSCO Health is an evidence-based tool that health professionals can use to inform clinical care. DynaMed Plus content undergoes a review process, and the evidence is synthesized in detailed topic overviews. A unique three-level rating scale is used to assess the quality of available evidence. Topic overviews summarize current evidence and provide recommendations to support health providers at the point-of-care. Additionally, DynaMed Plus content can be accessed via a desktop computer or mobile platforms. Given this, DynaMed Plus can be a time-saving resource for health providers. Overall, DynaMed Plus provides evidence summaries using an easy-to-read bullet format, and the resource incorporates images, clinical calculators, patient handouts, and practice guidelines in one place.

  7. Using PubMed in radiology: Ten useful tips for radiologists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sriganesh, Vasumathi

    2011-07-01

    PubMed contains a bibliography of articles published in around 4800 journals. It combines MEDLINE and OLDMEDLINE (articles from 1960, going back till the 1940s). PubMed is updated on a daily basis; to include both published and ahead of print references. As a radiologist, one can use PubMed to track several journals, track topics, search for specific topics, verify incomplete or incorrect references, store one's own publications, and save selected references; one can also create filters depending on one's own search needs for some regular topics. This article provides some key background knowledge on searching PubMed and also describes some features that are often left unexplored. The PubMed site has undergone many changes in the last few years and this article will update users on the current features.

  8. Handicap som risikofaktor? Et udviklingspsykopatologisk perspektiv på børn med handicap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dammeyer, Jesper Herup; Bøttcher, Louise

    2010-01-01

    Børn med handicap er generelt i større risiko for at udvikle psykopatologi. Men risikoen for fejludvikling er ikke enkelt forbundet med graden af handicappet. F.eks. oplever børn med hørehandicap næsten fire gange så hyppigt psykosociale vanskeligheder sammenlignet med hørende børn, men det er ikke...... psykopatologi etableres. I artiklen vil vi præsentere en almen model til forståelse af mennesker med handicap og deres udviklingsmuligheder – en handicappsykologisk udviklingsmodel ud fra et dialektisk kultur-historisk perspektiv (Vygotsky, (1924-31) 1993). Ved hjælp af empiriske studier vil vi eksemplificere...... forskellige typiske udviklingsmæssige problemer, der ofte opstår blandt børn med forskellige typer af handicap. At studere børn med handicap og deres psykiske udvikling kan være et vigtigt forskningsmæssigt vindue til at forstå udviklingspsykopatologi generelt....

  9. MED13L-related intellectual disability: involvement of missense variants and delineation of the phenotype.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smol, T; Petit, F; Piton, A; Keren, B; Sanlaville, D; Afenjar, A; Baker, S; Bedoukian, E C; Bhoj, E J; Bonneau, D; Boudry-Labis, E; Bouquillon, S; Boute-Benejean, O; Caumes, R; Chatron, N; Colson, C; Coubes, C; Coutton, C; Devillard, F; Dieux-Coeslier, A; Doco-Fenzy, M; Ewans, L J; Faivre, L; Fassi, E; Field, M; Fournier, C; Francannet, C; Genevieve, D; Giurgea, I; Goldenberg, A; Green, A K; Guerrot, A M; Heron, D; Isidor, B; Keena, B A; Krock, B L; Kuentz, P; Lapi, E; Le Meur, N; Lesca, G; Li, D; Marey, I; Mignot, C; Nava, C; Nesbitt, A; Nicolas, G; Roche-Lestienne, C; Roscioli, T; Satre, V; Santani, A; Stefanova, M; Steinwall Larsen, S; Saugier-Veber, P; Picker-Minh, S; Thuillier, C; Verloes, A; Vieville, G; Wenzel, M; Willems, M; Whalen, S; Zarate, Y A; Ziegler, A; Manouvrier-Hanu, S; Kalscheuer, V M; Gerard, B; Ghoumid, Jamal

    2018-03-06

    Molecular anomalies in MED13L, leading to haploinsufficiency, have been reported in patients with moderate to severe intellectual disability (ID) and distinct facial features, with or without congenital heart defects. Phenotype of the patients was referred to "MED13L haploinsufficiency syndrome." Missense variants in MED13L were already previously described to cause the MED13L-related syndrome, but only in a limited number of patients. Here we report 36 patients with MED13L molecular anomaly, recruited through an international collaboration between centers of expertise for developmental anomalies. All patients presented with intellectual disability and severe language impairment. Hypotonia, ataxia, and recognizable facial gestalt were frequent findings, but not congenital heart defects. We identified seven de novo missense variations, in addition to protein-truncating variants and intragenic deletions. Missense variants clustered in two mutation hot-spots, i.e., exons 15-17 and 25-31. We found that patients carrying missense mutations had more frequently epilepsy and showed a more severe phenotype. This study ascertains missense variations in MED13L as a cause for MED13L-related intellectual disability and improves the clinical delineation of the condition.

  10. The MedAustron project: an example of large-scale technology transfer

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso & Michael Benedikt

    2013-01-01

    In January this year, CERN’s Director-General Rolf Heuer handed over the first ion source to the MedAustron therapy centre in the town of Wiener Neustadt in the presence of the Austrian authorities. This milestone marks the beginning of the transition from the development and design phase to the commissioning of the new facility.   Handover of the ion source to MedAustron on 11 January, 2013. From left to right: Michael Benedikt (Project Leader MedAustron at CERN), Karlheinz Töchterle (Austrian Federal Minister of Science and Research), Erwin Pröll (Governor of Lower Austria), Rolf Heuer (Director-General CERN), Klaus Schneeberger (Lower Austrian State Parliament, Head of EBG MedAustron Council). The goal of the MedAustron project is the construction of an ion-therapy and research centre, based on a synchrotron accelerator complex, in Austria (for more about the technical part of the MedAustron project, click here). “MedAustron will be the first large-sca...

  11. Vaccination med Porcilis PCV i to danske svinebesætninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haugegaard, J.; Astrup, P.; Haugegaard, S.

    2010-01-01

    I to besætninger med forekomst af Porcint Circovirus type 2 (PCV2) og lette kliniske symptomer på Porcin Circovirus Disease (PCVD) blev vaccination med Porcilis PCV gennemført ved injektion af 2 ml 1 gang ved ca. 4 (3-5) ugers alderen. Resultaterne viste, at vaccination gav et ensartet serologisk...... respons. I den ene besætning, hvor vaccinerede grise blev opstaldet adskilt fra ikke-vaccinerede fra fravænning til slagtning, forhindrede vaccination viraemi. I den anden besætning blev PCV2-niveauet i serum reduceret med mindst 2 log(10) enheder, selvom grisene befandt sig i et smittet miljø med direkte...... kontakt med ikke-vaccinerede og viraemiske stifæller. I denne besætning blev en signifikant øget daglig tilvækst på 39 g registreret i perioden fra 8-16 uger efter fravænning hos vaccinerede grise sammenholdt med ikke-vaccinerede. Undersøgelsen konkluderer, at vaccination med Porcilis PCV reducerede...

  12. Läromedel på villovägar : Styrdokumentens korrelation med läromedel med utgångspunkt i begreppen funktionell och formell grammatikundervisning

    OpenAIRE

    Karlsson, Anna

    2016-01-01

    I denna studie undersöks om styrdokument och läromedel korrelerar i sättet att se på grammatik i kursen Svenska 2 på gymnasiet, med utgångspunkt i begreppen funktionell respektive formell grammatikundervisning. Svenskämnets syfte, kunskapskrav och kommentarsmaterial tillsammans med grammatikavsnitten i läromedlen Svenska rum 2 och Svenska impulser 2 undersöks genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten är en begreppsdefinition av funktionell och formell grammatik som in...

  13. A synergetic hybridization of adsorption cycle with the multi-effect distillation (MED)

    KAUST Repository

    Thu, K.

    2014-01-01

    Multi-effect distillation (MED) systems are proven and energy efficient thermally-driven desalination systems for handling harsh seawater feed in the Gulf region. The high cycle efficiency is markedly achieved by latent energy re-use with minimal stage temperature-difference across the condensing steam and the evaporating saline seawater in each stage. The efficacies of MED system are (i) its low stage-temperature-difference between top brine temperature (TBT) and final condensing temperature, (ii) its robustness to varying salinity and ability to handle harmful algae Blooming (HABs) and (iii) its compact foot-print per unit water output. The practical TBT of MED systems, hitherto, is around 65 C for controllable scaling and fouling with the ambient-limited final condenser temperature, usually from 30 to 45 C. The adsorption (ADC) cycles utilize low-temperature heat sources (typically below 90 C) to produce useful cooling power and potable water. Hybridizing MED with AD cycles, they synergistically improve the water production rates at the same energy input whilst the AD cycle is driven by the recovered waste heat. We present a practical AD + MED combination that can be retrofitted to existing MEDs: The cooling energy of AD cycle through the water vapor uptake by the adsorbent is recycled internally, providing lower temperature condensing environment in the effects whilst the final condensing temperature of MED is as low as 5-10 C, which is below ambient. The increase in the temperature difference between TBT and final condensing temperature accommodates additional MED stages. A detailed numerical model is presented to capture the transient behaviors of heat and mass interactions in the combined AD + MED cycles and the results are presented in terms of key variables. It is observed that the water production rates of the combined cycle increase to give a GOR of 8.8 from an initial value of 5.9. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Hvordan begrunder undervisere deres praksis? Et interviewstudie med undervisere fra to fagmiljøer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Bager-Elsborg

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Formålet med denne artikel er at belyse de rationaler og begrundelser, der farver universitetsunderviseres valg af undervisningsmetoder. Med afsæt i blandt andet social praksisteori undersøges begrundelser for undervisning i interview foretaget med 17 undervisere i to forskellige fagmiljøer på et dansk universitet. Forfatteren finder, at der på trods af ligheder i metoder er meget stor forskel på de begrundelser og værdier, der ligger til grund for undervisningen, og at disse begrundelser og værdier er hentet i fagdisciplinerne.

  15. Anvendelser av EPS i vegbygging - med fokus på brofundamentering og myrbro

    OpenAIRE

    Hermansen, Simen

    2012-01-01

    Oppgaven er delt i to deler. Del A Del A gir en innføring i produksjonen av materialet, materialegenskaper, retningslinjer for bruk av materialet og bruksområder. Norge var først ute i verden med bruk av EPS i vegfyllinger i 1972, siden det har teknikken spredd seg verden over. EPS er den letteste av de lette massene som brukes i vegfyllinger med 1 % av egenvekten til konvensjonelle fyllmasser. Materialet avlaster grunn med dårlig bæreevne på en god måte. Senere har flere...

  16. Mutation of MED12 is not a frequent occurrence in prostate cancer of Korean patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nara Yoon

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Prostate cancer is one of the major health care problems, but the molecular pathogenesis has been relatively insufficiently elucidated. Recently, whole exome sequencing of prostate cancer identified recurrent mutations involving MED12 in Caucasian patients, which finding was not reproduced in one subsequent study by Sanger sequencing. Thus, we investigated mutation status of MED12 in exons 2 and 26 by Sanger sequencing in 102 radical prostatectomy cases from Korean patients. The analysis found the mutation in none of the cases. Therefore, MED12 mutation does not appear to represent a significant molecular alteration in this cohort of patients according to the analysis by the traditional "gold standard."

  17. Hvordan kan sykepleier forebygge fotsår hos pasienter med diabetes type-2?

    OpenAIRE

    Vidme, Lisbeth Holo – Lund

    2012-01-01

    NORSK: I denne oppgaven har fokuset vert hvordan sykepleier kan forebygge fotsår hos pasienter med diabetes type-2. Jeg redegjør for undervisning og veiledning som er en viktig del av forebyggingen. Forklarer senkomplikasjonenen nevropati og aterosklerose og hvilke symptomer disse har. Jeg beskriver undersøkelser og utfordringer som en sykepleier har i forbindelse med identifisering av fotsår på pasienter med diabetes type-2. Jeg har brukt artikler fra Tidskrifter for den Norske Legeforeni...

  18. Medication for Gravid and Nursing Dental Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, Avichai; Elmore, Jonathan

    2016-04-01

    The topics the authors address in this article are in many ways both broad and narrow. The broadness of this topic is clear when one considers the intersection of 2 of the more complex areas in medicine: pharmacology and obstetrics. Many of the common drugs used by dentists have been found to be safe for breastfeeding women; however, consultation with the treating physician may be needed. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. 76 FR 81915 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; National Minority Enterprise Development (MED...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-29

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Minority Business Development Agency Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; National Minority Enterprise Development (MED) Week Awards Program Requirements AGENCY: Minority Business Development Agency. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department of Commerce, as part of its...

  20. MedWatch, the FDA Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Reporting Program MedWatch: The FDA Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it ... approved information that can help patients avoid serious adverse events. Potential Signals of Serious Risks/New Safety ...

  1. Orientering og banelægning med Google Earth og Condes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Henrik Taarsted; Piaster, Thomas Gabriel

    2011-01-01

    Et e-læringsmodul på Danmarks undervisningsportal, som handler om hvordan man kan arbejde med banelægning indenfor o-løb. Med udgangspunkt i de to gratisprogrammer Google Earth og Condes lærer man gennem modulet, hvordan man indtegner poster og hvordan eleverne kan gøre det samme.......Et e-læringsmodul på Danmarks undervisningsportal, som handler om hvordan man kan arbejde med banelægning indenfor o-løb. Med udgangspunkt i de to gratisprogrammer Google Earth og Condes lærer man gennem modulet, hvordan man indtegner poster og hvordan eleverne kan gøre det samme....

  2. MedEye: role of expertise in perceiving dynamic medical images

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jarodzka, Halszka

    2011-01-01

    Jarodzka, H. (2011, 8 September). MedEye: role of expertise in perceiving medical images. Presentation at the Learning & Cognition meeting, Heerlen, The Netherlands: Open Universiteit in the Netherlands.

  3. Valgretsdebatens vitale stemmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fiig, Christina

    2014-01-01

    Med afsæt i habermasiansk og feministisk offentlighedsteori analyserer artiklen en del af valgretsdebatten frem mod opnåelse af valgretten i Danmark 1915. Artiklen diskuterer kvinders politiske modenhed på baggrund af John Stuart Mills tænkning......Med afsæt i habermasiansk og feministisk offentlighedsteori analyserer artiklen en del af valgretsdebatten frem mod opnåelse af valgretten i Danmark 1915. Artiklen diskuterer kvinders politiske modenhed på baggrund af John Stuart Mills tænkning...

  4. Susceptibility of MED-Q1 and MED-Q3 Biotypes of Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Populations to Essential and Seed Oils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samuel Fogné, Drabo; Olivier, Gnankine; Bassolé, Imael H N; Nébié, Roger Charles; Laurence, Mouton

    2017-06-01

    Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) is a major pest of many agricultural and ornamental crops in tropical and subtropical regions causing damages that result in important economic losses. Insecticides are commonly used in greenhouses or fields to control B. tabaci populations leading to rapid evolution of resistance that render treatments inefficient. Therefore, and for environmental and human health concerns, other approaches must be developed for this pest management. In the present study, we compare, using the leaf dip method, the toxicity of three essential oils (Cymbopogon citratus, Ocimum americanum, and Hyptis spicigera) and three seed oils (Lannea microcarpa, Lannea acida, and Carapa procera) with three chemical insecticides (acetamiprid, deltamethrin, and chlorpyrifos-ethyl) on adults. Two B. tabaci biotypes (MED-Q1 and MED-Q3) belonging to the Mediterranean species and collected in Burkina Faso were used. Essential oils were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-flame ionization detector. We showed that these two biotypes have different levels of resistance to the three insecticides, MED-Q3 being more sensitive than MED-Q1. Moreover, they differ in the frequency of resistance alleles to insecticides, especially for organophosphates, as these alleles are almost fixed in MED-Q1. On the other hand, the two biotypes prove to be more susceptible to the plant extracts than to insecticides except for chlorpyrifos-ethyl, with essential oils that showed the highest insecticidal activities. Monoterpenes content were the most abundant and showed the highest insecticidal activities. Our results indicated that essential oils, but also seed oils, have the potential to constitute an alternative strategy of pest management. © The Authors 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  5. Murværk opmuret med vådmørtler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Klavs Feilberg

    Vådmørtler benyttes i størstedelen af det murede nybyggeri. Egenskaberne af murværk opmuret med vådmørtel er i dag kun mangelfuldt dokumenteret. Denne rapport beskriver en metode til bedre dokumentation af de styrkemæssige egenskaber ved murværk opmuret med vådmørtel. Første del af rapporten genn...

  6. Use of scientific social networking to improve the research strategies of PubMed readers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evdokimov, Pavel; Kudryavtsev, Alexey; Ilgisonis, Ekaterina; Ponomarenko, Elena; Lisitsa, Andrey

    2016-02-18

    Keeping up with journal articles on a daily basis is an important activity of scientists engaged in biomedical research. Usually, journal articles and papers in the field of biomedicine are accessed through the Medline/PubMed electronic library. In the process of navigating PubMed, researchers unknowingly generate user-specific reading profiles that can be shared within a social networking environment. This paper examines the structure of the social networking environment generated by PubMed users. A web browser plugin was developed to map [in Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms] the reading patterns of individual PubMed users. We developed a scientific social network based on the personal research profiles of readers of biomedical articles. A browser plugin is used to record the digital object identifier or PubMed ID of web pages. Recorded items are posted on the activity feed and automatically mapped to PubMed abstract. Within the activity feed a user can trace back previously browsed articles and insert comments. By calculating the frequency with which specific MeSH occur, the research interests of PubMed users can be visually represented with a tag cloud. Finally, research profiles can be searched for matches between network users. A social networking environment was created using MeSH terms to map articles accessed through the Medline/PubMed online library system. In-network social communication is supported by the recommendation of articles and by matching users with similar scientific interests. The system is available at http://bioknol.org/en/.

  7. PubMedPortable: A Framework for Supporting the Development of Text Mining Applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Döring, Kersten; Grüning, Björn A; Telukunta, Kiran K; Thomas, Philippe; Günther, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    Information extraction from biomedical literature is continuously growing in scope and importance. Many tools exist that perform named entity recognition, e.g. of proteins, chemical compounds, and diseases. Furthermore, several approaches deal with the extraction of relations between identified entities. The BioCreative community supports these developments with yearly open challenges, which led to a standardised XML text annotation format called BioC. PubMed provides access to the largest open biomedical literature repository, but there is no unified way of connecting its data to natural language processing tools. Therefore, an appropriate data environment is needed as a basis to combine different software solutions and to develop customised text mining applications. PubMedPortable builds a relational database and a full text index on PubMed citations. It can be applied either to the complete PubMed data set or an arbitrary subset of downloaded PubMed XML files. The software provides the infrastructure to combine stand-alone applications by exporting different data formats, e.g. BioC. The presented workflows show how to use PubMedPortable to retrieve, store, and analyse a disease-specific data set. The provided use cases are well documented in the PubMedPortable wiki. The open-source software library is small, easy to use, and scalable to the user's system requirements. It is freely available for Linux on the web at https://github.com/KerstenDoering/PubMedPortable and for other operating systems as a virtual container. The approach was tested extensively and applied successfully in several projects.

  8. High-resolution melting analysis of MED12 mutations in uterine leiomyomas in Chinese patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hua; Ye, Jun; Qian, Hua; Zhou, Ruifang; Jiang, Jun; Ye, Lihua

    2015-03-01

    Somatic mutations in mediator complex subunit 12 (MED12) have emerged as a critical genetic change in the development of uterine leiomyomas. Studies, however, have focused largely on cohorts consisting of Caucasian patients. In this study, uterine leiomyomas from Chinese patients were examined for MED12 mutations. In addition, polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based high-resolution melting analysis (HRMA) was compared with direct sequencing as a potentially more sensitive method for the detection of MED12 mutations. Tissue samples with the pathologies of uterine leiomyoma (n=181) and other endometrial diseases (n=157) were collected from Chinese patients at the Taizhou People's Hospital and Taizhou Polytechnic College (Taizhou City, China). Genomic DNA was prepared from all samples. Both PCR-based HRMA and PCR-based direct sequencing were used to detect MED12 mutations. PCR-based HRMA and direct sequencing revealed MED12 mutations in 95/181 (52.5%) and 93/181 (51.4%) uterine leiomyomas, respectively. Nearly half of these mutations (46/93) were found in a single codon, codon 131. The coincidence rate between the two methods was 98.9% (179/181) so that no statistically significant difference was evident in the application of the methodologies (χ(2)=0.011, p=0.916). In addition, MED12 mutations were identified in 1/157 (4.17%) case of other endometrial pathologies by both methods. MED12 mutations were closely associated with the development of uterine leiomyomas, as opposed to other uterine pathologies in Chinese patients, and PCR-based HRMA was found to be a reliable method for the detection of MED12 mutations.

  9. The performances of standard and ResMed masks during bag-valve-mask ventilation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hyoung Youn; Jeung, Kyung Woon; Lee, Byung Kook; Lee, Seung Joon; Jung, Yong Hun; Lee, Geo Sung; Min, Yong Il; Heo, Tag

    2013-01-01

    A tight mask seal is frequently difficult to obtain and maintain during single-rescuer bag-valve-mask (BVM) ventilation. The ResMed mask (Bella Vista, NSW, Australia) is a continuous-positive-airway-pressure mask (CM) designed for noninvasive ventilation. In this study, we compared the ventilation performances of a standard mask (SM) and a ResMed CM using a simulation manikin in an out-of-hospital single-rescuer BVM ventilation scenario. Thirty emergency medical technicians (EMTs) performed two 2-minute attempts to ventilate a simulation manikin using BVM ventilation, alternatively, with the SM or the ResMed CM in a randomized order. Ventilation parameters including tidal volume and peak airway pressure were measured using computer analysis software connected to the simulation manikin. Successful volume delivery was defined as delivery of 440-540 mL of tidal volume in accord with present cardiopulmonary resuscitation guidelines. BVM ventilation using the ResMed CM produced higher mean (± standard deviation) tidal volumes (452 ± 50 mL vs. 394 ± 113 mL, p = 0.014) and had a higher proportion of successful volume deliveries (65.3% vs. 26.7%, p < 0.001) than that using the SM. Peak airway pressure was higher in BVM ventilation using the ResMed CM (p = 0.035). Stomach insufflation did not occur during either method. Twenty-nine of the participants (96.7%) preferred BVM ventilation using the ResMed CM. BVM ventilations using ResMed CM resulted in a significantly higher proportion of successful volume deliveries meeting the currently recommended range of tidal volume. Clinical studies are needed to determine the value of the ResMed CM for BVM ventilation.

  10. Mens vi venter: Et utidigt interview med Jan Kjærstad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mogensen, Tine Engel

    1999-01-01

    I anledning af 2. reviderede udgave af den danske Homo Falsus, og mens vi vist mere venter på den tredje roman om Jonas Wergeland, bringer vi et utidigt interview med Jan Kjærstad.......I anledning af 2. reviderede udgave af den danske Homo Falsus, og mens vi vist mere venter på den tredje roman om Jonas Wergeland, bringer vi et utidigt interview med Jan Kjærstad....

  11. Kvalitative Interviews med D&I Censorer, Undervisere, Kandidater og Studerende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Søsser; Lindegaard, Hanne

    2010-01-01

    Som en opfølgning på telefon surveys blev der i tredje fase af D&I evalueringen gennemført en række kvalitative interviews med udvalgte censorer, undervisere, kandidater og studerende. Formålet med de kvalitative interviews har været at undersøge om: - D&I studerende og kandidater gennem forløbet i...

  12. Afkølingstid - breddeopgaver 45-46 med didaktisk kommentar

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jens Højgaard

    2011-01-01

    Mit formål med artikelserien om breddeopgaver er – udover at gøre opmærksom på RUCs fysikuddannelse – dobbelt: Dels udvælger jeg opgaverne, så de kan have interesse som fysikproblemer i egen ret. Dels udvælger jeg dem med henblik på at kunne knytte didaktiske overvejelser til dem af interesse...

  13. The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Entry, Descent And Landing Instrumentation (MEDLI): Hardware Performance and Data Reconstruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Alan; Bose, Deepak; Karlgaard, Chris; Munk, Michelle; Kuhl, Chris; Schoenenberger, Mark; Antill, Chuck; Verhappen, Ron; Kutty, Prasad; White, Todd

    2013-01-01

    The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Entry, Descent and Landing Instrumentation (MEDLI) hardware was a first-of-its-kind sensor system that gathered temperature and pressure readings on the MSL heatshield during Mars entry on August 6, 2012. MEDLI began as challenging instrumentation problem, and has been a model of collaboration across multiple NASA organizations. After the culmination of almost 6 years of effort, the sensors performed extremely well, collecting data from before atmospheric interface through parachute deploy. This paper will summarize the history of the MEDLI project and hardware development, including key lessons learned that can apply to future instrumentation efforts. MEDLI returned an unprecedented amount of high-quality engineering data from a Mars entry vehicle. We will present the performance of the 3 sensor types: pressure, temperature, and isotherm tracking, as well as the performance of the custom-built sensor support electronics. A key component throughout the MEDLI project has been the ground testing and analysis effort required to understand the returned flight data. Although data analysis is ongoing through 2013, this paper will reveal some of the early findings on the aerothermodynamic environment that MSL encountered at Mars, the response of the heatshield material to that heating environment, and the aerodynamic performance of the entry vehicle. The MEDLI data results promise to challenge our engineering assumptions and revolutionize the way we account for margins in entry vehicle design.

  14. Minimal erythema response (MED to solar simulated irradiation in normal Indian skin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehta Rai Vandana

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Phototesting is an essential tool in the investigation of photodermatoses. AIMS: The main aim was to study the cutaneous response to UVR in terms of minimal erythema dose (MED to both UVA and UVB in normal Indian subjects with a solar simulator and to study the relationship of skin type to MED. METHODS: One hundred healthy volunteers not on any medication and without any history of photodermatoses were phototested using a solar simulator with whole spectrum irradiation (UVA, UVB and visible light and only visible and UVA radiation. The tested areas were marked with gentian violet and readings were taken after 24 hrs. RESULTS: Of the 100 volunteers, 48% were males and 52% were females, with a mean age of 36.6 ± 11.6 yrs. The most common skin type among Indians was type 5 (46% followed by type 4 (41%. The mean MED for UVB was 61.5 ± 17.25J/cm2. The MED for UVA could not be determined as none of the patients showed any erythema after irradiation for 45 minutes. CONCLUSIONS: As the MED is found to be low in idiopathic acquired photodermatoses, the MED in the normal population could serve as a baseline data in the investigation.

  15. MED23-associated refractory epilepsy successfully treated with the ketogenic diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lionel, Anath C; Monfared, Nasim; Scherer, Stephen W; Marshall, Christian R; Mercimek-Mahmutoglu, Saadet

    2016-09-01

    We report a new patient with refractory epilepsy associated with a novel pathogenic homozygous MED23 variant. This 7.5-year-old boy from consanguineous parents had infantile onset global developmental delay and refractory epilepsy. He was treated with the ketogenic diet at 2.5 years of age and became seizure free on the first day. He had microcephaly and truncal hypotonia. His brain MRI showed delayed myelination and thin corpus callosum. He was enrolled in a whole exome sequencing research study, which identified a novel, homozygous, likely pathogenic (c.1937A>G; p.Gln646Arg) variant in MED23. MED23 is a regulator of energy homeostasis and glucose production. Liver-specific Med23-knockout mice showed reduced liver gluconeogenesis and lower blood glucose levels compared to control mice. This is the first patient with documented refractory epilepsy caused by a novel homozygous pathogenic variant in MED23 expanding the phenotypic spectrum. Identification of the underlying genetic defect in MED23 sheds light on the possible mechanism of complete response to the ketogenic diet in this child. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. Extracting and standardizing medication information in clinical text - the MedEx-UIMA system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Min; Wu, Yonghui; Shah, Anushi; Priyanka, Priyanka; Denny, Joshua C; Xu, Hua

    2014-01-01

    Extraction of medication information embedded in clinical text is important for research using electronic health records (EHRs). However, most of current medication information extraction systems identify drug and signature entities without mapping them to standard representation. In this study, we introduced the open source Java implementation of MedEx, an existing high-performance medication information extraction system, based on the Unstructured Information Management Architecture (UIMA) framework. In addition, we developed new encoding modules in the MedEx-UIMA system, which mapped an extracted drug name/dose/form to both generalized and specific RxNorm concepts and translated drug frequency information to ISO standard. We processed 826 documents by both systems and verified that MedEx-UIMA and MedEx (the Python version) performed similarly by comparing both results. Using two manually annotated test sets that contained 300 drug entries from medication list and 300 drug entries from narrative reports, the MedEx-UIMA system achieved F-measures of 98.5% and 97.5% respectively for encoding drug names to corresponding RxNorm generic drug ingredients, and F-measures of 85.4% and 88.1% respectively for mapping drug names/dose/form to the most specific RxNorm concepts. It also achieved an F-measure of 90.4% for normalizing frequency information to ISO standard. The open source MedEx-UIMA system is freely available online at http://code.google.com/p/medex-uima/.

  17. Early Start Denver Model - intervention for de helt små børn med autisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brynskov, Cecilia

    2015-01-01

    Early Start Denver Model (ESDM) er en autismespecifik interventionsmetode, som er udviklet til helt små børn med autisme (0-4 år). Metoden fokuserer på at styrke den tidlige kontakt og barnets motivation, og den arbejder målrettet med de socio-kommunikative forløbere for sprog og med den tidlige...

  18. Best, Useful and Objective Precisions for Information Retrieval of Three Search Methods in PubMed and iPubMed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somayyeh Nadi Ravandi

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available MEDLINE is one of the valuable sources of medical information on the Internet. Among the different open access sites of MEDLINE, PubMed is the best-known site. In 2010, iPubMed was established with an interaction-fuzzy search method for MEDLINE access. In the present work, we aimed to compare the precision of the retrieved sources (Best, Useful and Objective precision in the PubMed and iPubMed using two search methods (simple and MeSH search in PubMed and interaction-fuzzy method in iPubmed. During our semi-empirical study period, we held training workshops for 61 students of higher education to teach them Simple Search, MeSH Search, and Fuzzy-Interaction Search methods. Then, the precision of 305 searches for each method prepared by the students was calculated on the basis of Best precision, Useful precision, and Objective precision formulas. Analyses were done in SPSS version 11.5 using the Friedman and Wilcoxon Test, and three precisions obtained with the three precision formulas were studied for the three search methods. The mean precision of the interaction-fuzzy Search method was higher than that of the simple search and MeSH search for all three types of precision, i.e., Best precision, Useful precision, and Objective precision, and the Simple search method was in the next rank, and their mean precisions were significantly different (P < 0.001. The precision of the interaction-fuzzy search method in iPubmed was investigated for the first time. Also for the first time, three types of precision were evaluated in PubMed and iPubmed. The results showed that the Interaction-Fuzzy search method is more precise than using the natural language search (simple search and MeSH search, and users of this method found papers that were more related to their queries; even though search in Pubmed is useful, it is important that users apply new search methods to obtain the best results.

  19. Rapid Estimation of TPH Reduction in Oil-Contaminated Soils Using the MED Method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Edenborn, H.M.; Zenone, V.A. (US EPA, Philadelphia, PA)

    2007-09-01

    Oil-contaminated soil and sludge generated during federal well plugging activities in northwestern Pennsylvania are currently remediated on small landfarm sites in lieu of more expensive landfill disposal. Bioremediation success at these sites in the past has been gauged by the decrease in total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) concentrations to less than 10,000 mg/kg measured using EPA Method 418.1. We tested the “molarity of ethanol droplet” (MED) water repellency test as a rapid indicator of TPH concentration in soil at one landfarm near Bradford, PA. MED was estimated by determining the minimum ethanol concentration (0 – 6 M) required to penetrate air-dried and sieved soil samples within 10 sec. TPH in soil was analyzed by rapid fluorometric analysis of methanol soil extracts, which correlated well with EPA Method 1664. Uncontaminated landfarm site soil amended with increasing concentrations of waste oil sludge showed a high correlation between MED and TPH. MED values exceeded the upper limit of 6 M as TPH estimates exceed ca. 25,000 mg/kg. MED and TPH at the land farm were sampled monthly during summer months over two years in a grid pattern that allowed spatial comparisons of site remediation effectiveness. MED and TPH decreased at a constant rate over time and remained highly correlated. Inexpensive alternatives to reagent-grade ethanol gave comparable results. The simple MED approach served as an inexpensive alternative to the routine laboratory analysis of TPH during the monitoring of oily waste bioremediation at this landfarm site.

  20. Køn, handicap og beskæftigelse i 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brink Thomsen, Lars; Høgelund, Jan

    Der findes kun få danske undersøgelser, som belyser kønsforskelle i beskæftigelsessituationen for personer med handicap. Denne rapport belyser dette emne ud fra en spørgeskemaundersøgelse med ca. 19.000 personer. Rapporten viser bl.a., at flere kvinder end mænd mellem 16 og 64 år har et handicap....... Herudover viser undersøgelsen, at mænd med handicap oftere er i beskæftigelse end kvinder med handicap. De kvinder med handicap, som er i beskæftigelse, er i langt højere grad end mænd ansat på særlige vilkår. En del af forklaringen på disse forskelle er, at der er forskelle på typen og størrelsen af de...... handicap, som kvinder og mænd har. Selvom man tager højde for dette og for andre forhold, er der dog stadig en forskel i beskæftigelsen, der ikke kan forklares ud fra rapportens data. Rapporten er blevet til i forbindelse med Danske Handicaporganisationers projekt om køn, handicap og beskæftigelse. Den er...

  1. Clinical safety of magnetic resonance imaging in patients with implanted SynchroMed EL infusion pumps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diehn, Felix E.; Wood, Christopher P.; Watson, Robert E.; Hunt, Christopher H. [Mayo Clinic, Department of Radiology, Rochester, MN (United States); Mauck, William D. [Mayo Clinic, Department of Anesthesiology, Rochester, MN (United States); Burke, Michelle M. [Mayo Clinic, Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Rochester, MN (United States)

    2011-02-15

    Patients with implanted SynchroMed spinal infusion pumps (Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, MN) routinely undergo magnetic resonance imaging at our institution. In August 2008, Medtronic issued an urgent medical device correction report regarding several pumps. Because of the rare potential ''for a delay in the return of proper drug infusion'' and ''for a delay in the logging of motor stall events,'' ''a patient's pump must be interrogated after MRI exposure in order to confirm proper pump functionality.'' This is particularly important in patients receiving intrathecal baclofen, for whom a delay in return of proper pump infusion could lead to life-threatening baclofen withdrawal syndrome. The objective of this report is to present our experience and protocol of performing magnetic resonance imaging in patients with implanted SynchroMed EL pumps. We retrospectively reviewed records of 86 patients with implanted SynchroMed EL spinal infusion pumps who underwent 112 examinations on 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging scanners from September 1, 1998 to July 7, 2004. No SynchroMed EL pumps were damaged by magnetic resonance imaging, and the programmable settings remained unchanged in all patients. Our data suggest that SynchroMed EL pump malfunction is indeed rare after routine clinical 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging examinations. However, based on the Medtronic correction report, we perform pump interrogation before and after imaging. (orig.)

  2. A New Method for Weak Fault Feature Extraction Based on Improved MED

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junlin Li

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Because of the characteristics of weak signal and strong noise, the low-speed vibration signal fault feature extraction has been a hot spot and difficult problem in the field of equipment fault diagnosis. Moreover, the traditional minimum entropy deconvolution (MED method has been proved to be used to detect such fault signals. The MED uses objective function method to design the filter coefficient, and the appropriate threshold value should be set in the calculation process to achieve the optimal iteration effect. It should be pointed out that the improper setting of the threshold will cause the target function to be recalculated, and the resulting error will eventually affect the distortion of the target function in the background of strong noise. This paper presents an improved MED based method of fault feature extraction from rolling bearing vibration signals that originate in high noise environments. The method uses the shuffled frog leaping algorithm (SFLA, finds the set of optimal filter coefficients, and eventually avoids the artificial error influence of selecting threshold parameter. Therefore, the fault bearing under the two rotating speeds of 60 rpm and 70 rpm is selected for verification with typical low-speed fault bearing as the research object; the results show that SFLA-MED extracts more obvious bearings and has a higher signal-to-noise ratio than the prior MED method.

  3. Clinical safety of magnetic resonance imaging in patients with implanted SynchroMed EL infusion pumps

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Diehn, Felix E.; Wood, Christopher P.; Watson, Robert E.; Hunt, Christopher H.; Mauck, William D.; Burke, Michelle M.

    2011-01-01

    Patients with implanted SynchroMed spinal infusion pumps (Medtronic, Inc., Minneapolis, MN) routinely undergo magnetic resonance imaging at our institution. In August 2008, Medtronic issued an urgent medical device correction report regarding several pumps. Because of the rare potential ''for a delay in the return of proper drug infusion'' and ''for a delay in the logging of motor stall events,'' ''a patient's pump must be interrogated after MRI exposure in order to confirm proper pump functionality.'' This is particularly important in patients receiving intrathecal baclofen, for whom a delay in return of proper pump infusion could lead to life-threatening baclofen withdrawal syndrome. The objective of this report is to present our experience and protocol of performing magnetic resonance imaging in patients with implanted SynchroMed EL pumps. We retrospectively reviewed records of 86 patients with implanted SynchroMed EL spinal infusion pumps who underwent 112 examinations on 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging scanners from September 1, 1998 to July 7, 2004. No SynchroMed EL pumps were damaged by magnetic resonance imaging, and the programmable settings remained unchanged in all patients. Our data suggest that SynchroMed EL pump malfunction is indeed rare after routine clinical 1.5-T magnetic resonance imaging examinations. However, based on the Medtronic correction report, we perform pump interrogation before and after imaging. (orig.)

  4. Den fuldt åbne MOOC med afsæt i aktuelle deltagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansbøl, Mikala; Erkmann, Malene; Munksgaard, Marianne Eilsø

    2015-01-01

    I dette afsnit præsenterer vi nogle af erfaringerne fra arbejdet med fire versioner af Videnskabsteori MOOC’en. Erfaringerne tager afsæt i vores kvalitative undersøgelser af deltagerperspektiver (UCSJ undervisere og MOOC deltagere) på MOOC-understøttet undervisning i, og læring af, anvendt...... videnskabsteori. MOOC litteraturen havde indtil 2013 primært beskæftiget sig med universitetsuddannelse, og der var stort set ikke skrevet noget om MOOCs i en dansk sammenhæng. Kjærgaard et al. (2013) leverede et første dansk bidrag, der kobler MOOCs med professionshøjskolerne i Danmark. Arbejdet med...... Videnskabsteori MOOC’en har især taget afsæt i en interesse i at forstå samspillet mellem deltagerforudsætninger, interesser og behov, og læringsmulighederne med MOOC’en. På den baggrund udpeger vi nogle væsentlige designelementer, der kan medtænkes i fremtidige udviklinger af tilsvarende fuldt åbne MOOCs...

  5. Observing floods from space: Experience gained from COSMO-SkyMed observations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pierdicca, N.; Pulvirenti, L.; Chini, M.; Guerriero, L.; Candela, L.

    2013-03-01

    The COSMO-SkyMed mission offers a unique opportunity to obtain all weather radar images characterized by short revisit time, thus being useful for flood evolution mapping. The COSMO-SkyMed system has been activated several times in the last few years in occasion of flood events all over the world in order to provide very high resolution X-band SAR images useful for flood detection purposes. This paper discusses the major outcomes of the experience gained, within the framework of the OPERA Pilot Project funded by the Italian Space Agency, from using COSMO-SkyMed data for the purpose of near real time generation of flood maps. A review of the mechanisms which determine the imprints of the inundation on the radar images and of the fundamental simulation tools able to predict these imprints and help image interpretation is provided. The approach developed to process the data and to generate the flood maps is also summarized. Then, the paper illustrates the experience gained with COSMO-SkyMed by describing and discussing a number of significant examples. These examples demonstrate the potential of the COSMO-SkyMed system and the suitability of the approach developed for generating the final products, but they also highlight some critical aspects that require further investigations to improve the reliability of the flood maps.

  6. MED, COMP, multilayered and NEIN: an overview of multiple epiphyseal dysplasia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lachman, Ralph S. [International Skeletal Dysplasia Registry, UCLA School of Medicine, Radiological Services, Department of Pediatrics, Los Angeles, CA (United States); International Skeletal Dysplasia Registry, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Krakow, Deborah; Cohn, Daniel H.; Rimoin, David L. [International Skeletal Dysplasia Registry, UCLA School of Medicine, Radiological Services, Department of Pediatrics, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    2005-02-01

    This overview covers the group of disorders that presents radiographically as multiple epiphyseal dysplasia (MED). The disorders include ''classic MED'' (Ribbing and Fairbank types): MED that is caused by mutations in the cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), type IX collagen, and matrilin 3 genes (MATN3); and MED with multilayered patella, brachydactyly, and clubbed feet resultant from mutations in gene defect diastrophic dysplasia (DTDST). The recently identified gene/molecular abnormalities in these disorders have made more exact identification possible in many cases, although clinical testing is not always available. However, there are specific radiographic findings that allow the accurate diagnosis to be made, thus potentially guiding which molecular defect(s) should be investigated. The modes of inheritance of these distinct MED conditions are not identical. When a specific diagnosis is made, proper genetic counseling as well as prognostication, management issues and complications can be delineated to the patient and family. This review will include the mechanics of diagnostic and molecular triage for these disorders. (orig.)

  7. C-Med 100, a hot water extract of Uncaria tomentosa, prolongs lymphocyte survival in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akesson, Ch; Pero, R W; Ivars, F

    2003-01-01

    Water extracts of the bark of Uncaria tomentosa, a vine indigenous to South America, has been used for generations as an "immuno modulator". To understand the basis of this immuno modulatory effect we fed mice in their drinking water with C-Med 100, which is a commercially available water extract from Uncaria tomentosa. We found a dose-dependent increase in spleen cell numbers in the supplemented mice, but the proportions of B cells, T cells, NK cells, granulocytes, and memory lymphocytes were normal. However, there were no detectable changes of the lymphoid architecture of the spleen even after long-term treatment. Further, when C-Med 100 treatment was interrupted the cellularity returned to normal level within four weeks. The increased number of lymphocytes was most likely not due to increased production because C-Med 100 did not have any significant effect on precursor cells nor on the accumulation of recent thymic emigrants in the spleen. We conclude that accumulation is most likely due to prolonged cell survival, because adoptive transfer experiments demonstrated that C-Med 100 treatment significantly prolonged lymphocyte survival in peripheral lymphoid organs, without increasing their proliferation rate. Since the accumulation was reversible and without detectable pathological effects, these results suggest the use of C-Med 100 as a potential agent for clinically accelerating the recovery of patients from leukopenia.

  8. ProMED-mail: 22 years of digital surveillance of emerging infectious diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrion, Malwina; Madoff, Lawrence C

    2017-05-01

    ProMED-mail (ProMED) was launched in 1994 as an email service to identify unusual health events related to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases and toxins affecting humans, animals and plants. It is used daily by public health leaders, government officials at all levels, physicians, veterinarians and other healthcare workers, researchers, private companies, journalists and the general public. Reports are produced and commentary provided by a global team of subject matter experts in a variety of fields including virology, parasitology, epidemiology, entomology, veterinary and plant disease specialists. ProMED operates 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and has over 83 000 subscribers, representing every country in the world. Additionally, ProMED disseminates information via its website and through social media channels such as Twitter and Facebook as well as through RSS feeds. Over the last 22 years, it has been the first to report on numerous major and minor disease outbreaks including SARS, MERS, Ebola and the early spread of Zika. ProMED is transparent, apolitical, open to all and free of charge, making it an important and longstanding contributor to global health surveillance. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  9. Forsøg med 4 centralt belastede betonelementer samt 4 tilhørende betoncylindre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellegaard, Peter; Hansen, Lars Pilegaard

    Nærværende rapport indeholder beskrivelser og resultater for en række forsøg udført i Laboratoriet for Bærende Konstruktioner, Aalborg Universitet. Prøvelegemerne, som er nærmere beskrevet i kapitel 1, består af 4 betonelementer med en længde på 2600 mm og et tværsnitsareal på 400x120 mm. Element......Nærværende rapport indeholder beskrivelser og resultater for en række forsøg udført i Laboratoriet for Bærende Konstruktioner, Aalborg Universitet. Prøvelegemerne, som er nærmere beskrevet i kapitel 1, består af 4 betonelementer med en længde på 2600 mm og et tværsnitsareal på 400x120 mm....... Elementerne er belastet centralt med tryk, og de er forsynet med transportarmering. Til bestemmelse af betonens brudstyrke og arbejdskurve op til 75% af brudstyrken er der udført forsøg på 4betoncylindre med diameter 100 mm og højde 200 mm. Elementerne og cylinderne er fremstillet af Fårup Betonindustri A...

  10. Software-Enabled Distributed Network Governance: The PopMedNet Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, Melanie; Erickson, Kyle; Wyner, Zachary; Malenfant, Jessica; Rosen, Rob; Brown, Jeffrey

    2016-01-01

    The expanded availability of electronic health information has led to increased interest in distributed health data research networks. The distributed research network model leaves data with and under the control of the data holder. Data holders, network coordinating centers, and researchers have distinct needs and challenges within this model. The concerns of network stakeholders are addressed in the design and governance models of the PopMedNet software platform. PopMedNet features include distributed querying, customizable workflows, and auditing and search capabilities. Its flexible role-based access control system enables the enforcement of varying governance policies. Four case studies describe how PopMedNet is used to enforce network governance models. Trust is an essential component of a distributed research network and must be built before data partners may be willing to participate further. The complexity of the PopMedNet system must be managed as networks grow and new data, analytic methods, and querying approaches are developed. The PopMedNet software platform supports a variety of network structures, governance models, and research activities through customizable features designed to meet the needs of network stakeholders.

  11. Kort og klart: Vold og seksuelle overgreb mod børn og unge med handicap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holt, Helle; Jørgensen, Trine

    2017-01-01

    Hvor mange børn og unge med handicap udsættes for vold og seksuelle overgreb? Hvilke forhold i børnenes liv gør dem særligt udsatte for overgreb? Og hvilke dilemmaer og udfordringer oplever de fagfolk, der er tæt på børnene, når det gælder mistanke, opsporing og handling omkring overgreb? Det er...... fokus for dette hæfte. Hæftet bygger på undersøgelsen, "Vold og seksuelle overgreb mod børn og unge med handicap", som SFI har udført for Socialstyrelsen. Formålet med undersøgelsen er at styrke fagfolks viden om området og på den måde skabe det bedst mulige grundlag for at forebygge og opspore overgreb....

  12. På kant med naturen - om byøkologien og det åbne land

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schjerup Hansen, J.(red.); Hjortholt Madsen, S.(red.)

    Den erkendelse, at vores produktionsmåde og levevis i høj grad har bragt os på kant med naturen og på lidt længere sigt på kant med vort eget eksistensgrundlag, breder sig. En samfundsmæssig selvreflektion har allerede udmøntet sig i begreber som renere teknologi, byøkologi og bæredygtig adfærd. I...... tidens selvreflektion ligger, at vort forhold til naturen i høj grad er et "indre anliggende": Vi er selv natur, og det er vores egen måde at tænke og handle på i forhold til naturen, der har bragt os på kant med naturen - og os selv....

  13. [MedDRA and its applications in statistical analysis of adverse events].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Meng-jie; Liu, Yu-xiu

    2015-11-01

    Safety assessment in clinical trials is dependent on an in-depth analysis of the adverse events to a great extent. However, there are difficulties in summary classification, data management and statistical analysis of the adverse events because of the different expressions on the same adverse events caused by regional, linguistic, ethnic, cultural and other differences. In order to ensure the normative expressions, it's necessary to standardize the terms in recording the adverse events. MedDRA (medical dictionary for regulatory activities) has been widely recommended and applied in the world as a powerful support for the adverse events reporting in clinical trials. In this paper, the development history, applicable scope, hierarchy structure, encoding term selection and standardized query strategies of the MedDRA is introduced. Furthermore, the practical process of adverse events encoding with MedDRA is proposed. Finally, the framework of statistical analysis about adverse events is discussed.

  14. Solar-assisted MED treatment of Eskom power station waste water

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roos, Thomas H.; Rogers, David E. C.; Gericke, Gerhard

    2017-06-01

    The comparative benefits of multi-effect distillation (MED) used in conjunction with Nano Filtration (NF), Reverse Osmosis (RO) and Eutectic Freeze Crystallization (EFC) are determined for waste water minimization for inland coal fired power stations for Zero Liquid Effluent Discharge (ZLED). A sequence of technologies is proposed to achieve maximal water recovery and brine concentration: NF - physico-chemical treatment - MED - EFC. The possibility of extending the concentration of RO reject arising from minewater treatment at the Lethabo power station with MED alone is evaluated with mineral formation modelling using the thermochemical modelling software Phreeq-C. It is shown that pretreatment is essential to extend the amount of water that can be recovered, and this can be beneficially supported by NF.

  15. LIVIVO: Neue Herausforderungen an das ZB MED-Suchportal für Lebenswissenschaften

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poley, Christoph

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The German National Library of Medicine (ZB MED has a long track record providing search portals for life sciences. In 2015 LIVIVO was introduced as a new product, which database covers ZB MED’s entire range of subjects: medicine, health, nutrition, environment and agriculture.Initially LIVIVO’s development aimed at realizing a modern search engine combining the functionalities of the predecessor portals. An entirely new web interface was developed, driven by a highly improved usability and a responsive web design. LIVIVO has a great potential in providing search services based on more than 55 million metadata records. Current work of ZB MED focuses on automatic interfaces. Concurrently setting up ZB MED Knowledge Environment creates an indispensable data base for research work at .This article will address the current challenges of a scientific portal using the example of LIVIVO. It will outline the approaches to solutions and development lines.

  16. Quinic acid is a biologically active component of the Uncaria tomentosa extract C-Med 100.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akesson, Christina; Lindgren, Hanna; Pero, Ronald W; Leanderson, Tomas; Ivars, Fredrik

    2005-01-01

    We have previously reported that the C-Med 100 extract of the plant Uncaria tomentosa induces prolonged lymphocyte half life and hence increased spleen cell number in mice receiving the extract in their drinking water. Further, the extract induces cell proliferation arrest and inhibits activation of the transcriptional regulator nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) in vitro. We now report that mice exposed to quinic acid (QA), a component of this extract, had significantly increased number of spleen cells, thus recapitulating the in vivo biological effect of C-Med 100 exposure. Commercially supplied QA (H(+) form) did not, however, inhibit cell proliferation in vitro, while the ammonia-treated QA (QAA) was a potent inhibitor. Both QA and QAA inhibited NF-kappaB activity in exposed cells at similar concentrations. Thus, our present data identify QA as a candidate component for both in vivo and in vitro biological effects of the C-Med 100 extract.

  17. Indsats for forældre til børn med ADHD

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neubert, Katja

    2012-01-01

    Et nyt review, udarbejdet af forskergruppen omkring Morris Zwi, undersøger om interventionsprogrammer til forældre til børn med ADHD er effektive, når det gælder reducering af børnenes ADHD-relaterede adfærd og associerede problemer som eksempelvis indlæringsproblemer. Reviewet peger på, at en...... indsats til forældre til børn med ADHD kan have en gavnlig effekt på børnenes adfærd. Interventionen kan også være med til at sænke stressniveauet hos forældre til disse børn, og forbedre forældrenes selvtillid....

  18. TeleMed: Wide-area, secure, collaborative object computing with Java and CORBA for healthcare

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forslund, D.W.; George, J.E.; Gavrilov, E.M.

    1998-12-31

    Distributed computing is becoming commonplace in a variety of industries with healthcare being a particularly important one for society. The authors describe the development and deployment of TeleMed in a few healthcare domains. TeleMed is a 100% Java distributed application build on CORBA and OMG standards enabling the collaboration on the treatment of chronically ill patients in a secure manner over the Internet. These standards enable other systems to work interoperably with TeleMed and provide transparent access to high performance distributed computing to the healthcare domain. The goal of wide scale integration of electronic medical records is a grand-challenge scale problem of global proportions with far-reaching social benefits.

  19. An objective structured clinical exam to measure intrinsic CanMEDS roles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliya Kassam

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: The CanMEDS roles provide a comprehensive framework to organize competency-based curricula; however, there is a challenge in finding feasible, valid, and reliable assessment methods to measure intrinsic roles such as Communicator and Collaborator. The objective structured clinical exam (OSCE is more commonly used in postgraduate medical education for the assessment of clinical skills beyond medical expertise. Method: We developed the CanMEDS In-Training Exam (CITE, a six-station OSCE designed to assess two different CanMEDS roles (one primary and one secondary and general communication skills at each station. Correlation coefficients were computed for CanMEDS roles within and between stations, and for general communication, global rating, and total scores. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA was used to investigate differences between year of residency, sex, and the type of residency program. Results: In total, 63 residents participated in the CITE; 40 residents (63% were from internal medicine programs, whereas the remaining 23 (37% were pursuing other specialties. There was satisfactory internal consistency for all stations, and the total scores of the stations were strongly correlated with the global scores r=0.86, p<0.05. Noninternal medicine residents scored higher in terms of the Professional competency overall, whereas internal medicine residents scored significantly higher in the Collaborator competency overall. Discussion: The OSCE checklists developed for the assessment of intrinsic CanMEDS roles were functional, but the specific items within stations required more uniformity to be used between stations. More generic types of checklists may also improve correlations across stations. Conclusion: An OSCE measuring intrinsic competence is feasible; however, further development of our cases and checklists is needed. We provide a model of how to develop an OSCE to measure intrinsic CanMEDS roles that educators may adopt as

  20. #GeriMedJC: The Twitter Complement to the Traditional-Format Geriatric Medicine Journal Club.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardhouse, Amanda I; Budd, Laura; Yang, Seu Y C; Wong, Camilla L

    2017-06-01

    Twitter is a public microblogging platform that overcomes physical limitations and allows unrestricted participation beyond academic silos, enabling interactive discussions. Twitter-based journal clubs have demonstrated growth, sustainability, and worldwide communication, using a hashtag (#) to follow participation. This article describes the first year of #GeriMedJC, a monthly 1-hour live, 23-hour asynchronous Twitter-based complement to the traditional-format geriatric medicine journal club. The Twitter moderator tweets from the handle @GeriMedJC; encourages use of #GeriMedJC; and invites content experts, study authors, and followers to participate in critical appraisal of medical literature. Using the hashtag #GeriMedJC, tweets were categorized according to thematic content, relevance to the journal club, and authorship. Third-party analytical tools Symplur and Twitter Analytics were used for growth and effect metrics (number of followers, participants, tweets, retweets, replies, impressions). Qualitative analysis of follower and participant profiles was used to establish country of origin and occupation. A semistructured interview of postgraduate trainees was conducted to ascertain qualitative aspects of the experience. In the first year, @GeriMedJC has grown to 541 followers on six continents. Most followers were physicians (43%), two-thirds of which were geriatricians. Growth metrics increased over 12 months, with a mean of 121 tweets, 25 participants, and 105,831 impressions per journal club. Tweets were most often related to the article being appraised (87.5%) and ranged in thematic content from clinical practice (29%) to critical appraisal (24%) to medical education (20%). #GeriMedJC is a feasible example of using social media platforms such as Twitter to encourage international and interprofessional appraisal of medical literature. © 2017, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2017, The American Geriatrics Society.

  1. MED: a new non-supervised gene prediction algorithm for bacterial and archaeal genomes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Yi-Fan

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite a remarkable success in the computational prediction of genes in Bacteria and Archaea, a lack of comprehensive understanding of prokaryotic gene structures prevents from further elucidation of differences among genomes. It continues to be interesting to develop new ab initio algorithms which not only accurately predict genes, but also facilitate comparative studies of prokaryotic genomes. Results This paper describes a new prokaryotic genefinding algorithm based on a comprehensive statistical model of protein coding Open Reading Frames (ORFs and Translation Initiation Sites (TISs. The former is based on a linguistic "Entropy Density Profile" (EDP model of coding DNA sequence and the latter comprises several relevant features related to the translation initiation. They are combined to form a so-called Multivariate Entropy Distance (MED algorithm, MED 2.0, that incorporates several strategies in the iterative program. The iterations enable us to develop a non-supervised learning process and to obtain a set of genome-specific parameters for the gene structure, before making the prediction of genes. Conclusion Results of extensive tests show that MED 2.0 achieves a competitive high performance in the gene prediction for both 5' and 3' end matches, compared to the current best prokaryotic gene finders. The advantage of the MED 2.0 is particularly evident for GC-rich genomes and archaeal genomes. Furthermore, the genome-specific parameters given by MED 2.0 match with the current understanding of prokaryotic genomes and may serve as tools for comparative genomic studies. In particular, MED 2.0 is shown to reveal divergent translation initiation mechanisms in archaeal genomes while making a more accurate prediction of TISs compared to the existing gene finders and the current GenBank annotation.

  2. Hovedpointer fra telefon survey med D&I kandidater og aftagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodersen, Søsser; Lindegaard, Hanne

    2010-01-01

    Som en anden fase i D&I evalueringen gennemførtes en telefon survey med alle færdige D&I kandidater (i perioden september til november 2009). Formålet med denne telefon survey var at kortlægge kandidaternes karriereforløb: mønstrer, entre på arbejdsmarkedet og hvor søger de job, beskæftigelsesmøn......Som en anden fase i D&I evalueringen gennemførtes en telefon survey med alle færdige D&I kandidater (i perioden september til november 2009). Formålet med denne telefon survey var at kortlægge kandidaternes karriereforløb: mønstrer, entre på arbejdsmarkedet og hvor søger de job......, beskæftigelsesmønstrer samt hvilke kompetencer de mener at have anvendt og ikke anvendt fra studiet i deres job. Telefon survey formen blev valgt for dermed at få muligheden for at få nogle kvantitative informationer frem. I alt blev 72 D&I kandidater interviewet ud af 78 mulige, dvs. vi opnåede en svarprocent på 92......,3 % . Spørgsmålene var forberedt på forhånd således at kandidaterne blev stillet de samme spørgsmål. Derudover gennemførtes en telefon survey med 14 aftagere af D&I kandidater (identificeret gennem telefon surveyen med kandidaterne, således at de repræsenterede store virksomheder, mindre virksomheder...

  3. En sammenligning af 3 forskellige pensionsprodukter med særlig henblik på udbetalingsfasen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Peter Løchte; Linnemann, Per

    2009-01-01

    Formålet med nærværende artikel er at illustrere, hvordan de pensioner som en pensionsopsparer vil kunne (forvente at) få udbetalt vil afhænge af den pensionsopsparingsform, han har valgt. Vi sammenligner 3 meget forskellige pensionsopsparingsprodukter: Den "traditionelle" form med ret til bonus...... (gennemsnitsrenteproduktet), en markedsbaseret Unit Link ordning og endelig SEB Pensions Tidspension, som på mange måder er en mellemting mellem de to førstnævnte opsparingsformer....

  4. An automatic method to generate domain-specific investigator networks using PubMed abstracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gwinn Marta

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Collaboration among investigators has become critical to scientific research. This includes ad hoc collaboration established through personal contacts as well as formal consortia established by funding agencies. Continued growth in online resources for scientific research and communication has promoted the development of highly networked research communities. Extending these networks globally requires identifying additional investigators in a given domain, profiling their research interests, and collecting current contact information. We present a novel strategy for building investigator networks dynamically and producing detailed investigator profiles using data available in PubMed abstracts. Results We developed a novel strategy to obtain detailed investigator information by automatically parsing the affiliation string in PubMed records. We illustrated the results by using a published literature database in human genome epidemiology (HuGE Pub Lit as a test case. Our parsing strategy extracted country information from 92.1% of the affiliation strings in a random sample of PubMed records and in 97.0% of HuGE records, with accuracies of 94.0% and 91.0%, respectively. Institution information was parsed from 91.3% of the general PubMed records (accuracy 86.8% and from 94.2% of HuGE PubMed records (accuracy 87.0. We demonstrated the application of our approach to dynamic creation of investigator networks by creating a prototype information system containing a large database of PubMed abstracts relevant to human genome epidemiology (HuGE Pub Lit, indexed using PubMed medical subject headings converted to Unified Medical Language System concepts. Our method was able to identify 70–90% of the investigators/collaborators in three different human genetics fields; it also successfully identified 9 of 10 genetics investigators within the PREBIC network, an existing preterm birth research network. Conclusion We successfully created a

  5. CDAPubMed: a browser extension to retrieve EHR-based biomedical literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perez-Rey David

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Over the last few decades, the ever-increasing output of scientific publications has led to new challenges to keep up to date with the literature. In the biomedical area, this growth has introduced new requirements for professionals, e.g., physicians, who have to locate the exact papers that they need for their clinical and research work amongst a huge number of publications. Against this backdrop, novel information retrieval methods are even more necessary. While web search engines are widespread in many areas, facilitating access to all kinds of information, additional tools are required to automatically link information retrieved from these engines to specific biomedical applications. In the case of clinical environments, this also means considering aspects such as patient data security and confidentiality or structured contents, e.g., electronic health records (EHRs. In this scenario, we have developed a new tool to facilitate query building to retrieve scientific literature related to EHRs. Results We have developed CDAPubMed, an open-source web browser extension to integrate EHR features in biomedical literature retrieval approaches. Clinical users can use CDAPubMed to: (i load patient clinical documents, i.e., EHRs based on the Health Level 7-Clinical Document Architecture Standard (HL7-CDA, (ii identify relevant terms for scientific literature search in these documents, i.e., Medical Subject Headings (MeSH, automatically driven by the CDAPubMed configuration, which advanced users can optimize to adapt to each specific situation, and (iii generate and launch literature search queries to a major search engine, i.e., PubMed, to retrieve citations related to the EHR under examination. Conclusions CDAPubMed is a platform-independent tool designed to facilitate literature searching using keywords contained in specific EHRs. CDAPubMed is visually integrated, as an extension of a widespread web browser, within the standard

  6. Nybyggeri af enfamiliehus med miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlige isoleringsmaterialer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2002-01-01

    Resume af rapport om nybyggeri af et enfamiliehus med miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlige isoleringsmaterialer, udarbejdet af Suanne Grønlund og Erwin Steinbeck under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"......Resume af rapport om nybyggeri af et enfamiliehus med miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlige isoleringsmaterialer, udarbejdet af Suanne Grønlund og Erwin Steinbeck under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  7. «… på nivå og omfang med …»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Knut Steinar Engelsen

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available I denne artikkelen setter vi søkelyset på førstelektorløpet som en vei til førstekvalifisering med utgangspunkt i lærerutdanningen. I henhold til nasjonale retningslinjer skal opprykk til førstelektor være en karrierevei for ansatte «med omfattende forsknings- og utviklingsarbeid rettet mot profesjons- og yrkesfelt, og omfattende pedagogisk utviklingsarbeid». Førstelektorveien er dermed et alternativ til doktorgraden for personer med omfattende virksomhet rettet mot profesjons- og yrkesfelt.Selv om det i nyere tid har vært en økende oppmerksomhet rettet mot førstelektorkvalifiseringen, er det fortsatt lite forskning knyttet til feltet også innenfor lærerutdanningen, som sammen med helsefag sannsynligvis er de to profesjonsutdanningene som har benyttet seg mest av denne kvalifiseringsmuligheten.Nasjonal statistikk viser at antall førstelektorer er økende, spesielt innenfor de profesjonsutdanningene som tradisjonelt har vært knyttet til de statlige høgskolene. Antall førstestillinger er et viktig kriterium i Norsk organ for kvalitet i utdanningen sitt akkrediteringssystem (NOKUT, 2013, og flere institusjoner søker nå å øke effektivitet og produksjon av førstelektorer gjennom interne kvalifikasjonsprogram (førstelektorprogram. Nasjonal forskerskole for lærerutdanning (NAFOL gjennomførte i samarbeid med forfatterne en kartlegging av hvordan institusjonene arbeider med førstekvalifisering innenfor lærerutdanningene. Funnene fra denne kartleggingen inngår fortløpende i vårt bidrag som et uttrykk for generaliserte erfaringer med utgangspunkt i 17 lærerutdanninger for å tegne et bilde av bredden i tilnærmingene til dette kvalifiseringsforløpet. Her går det blant annet frem at mange høgskoler har etablert egne programmer for førstelektorkvalifisering i lærerutdanningene, men at det er stor variasjon i forhold til innhold og organisering.Vi trekker frem ulike innspill som er kommet om å endre ordningen for f

  8. Djur i omvårdnaden av patienter med ångest : en litteraturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    Lindgren, My; Nielsen, Anna

    2013-01-01

    Bakgrund: Antalet patienter med ångest ökar och orsakar ofta ett lidande för patienten. Sjuksköterskan har omvårdnadsansvar att lindra detta lidande. Olika djurterapier förekommer i vården för att behandla olika besvär, till exempel Animal Assisted Activity (AAA) och Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT). Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilken påverkan djur har på patienters ångest. Metod: Studien har genomförts som en litteraturstudie baserad på kvantitativa studier(n=12). Resultat: I s...

  9. PyMedTermino: an open-source generic API for advanced terminology services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamy, Jean-Baptiste; Venot, Alain; Duclos, Catherine

    2015-01-01

    The integration of terminologies is still a challenging problem in medical informatics research and software applications, due to the high number of heterogeneous terminologies. In this paper, we present a generic API (Application Programming Interface) for a multi-terminology multilingual terminology service, and PyMedTermino, its open-source implementation in Python with 5 terminological resources (ICD10, SNOMED CT, MedDRA, CDF, VCM iconic language) and the UMLS compendium. This service has been designed for research and educational purpose. It offers various advanced functionalities rarely present in terminology services.

  10. Modelling and thermodynamic analysis of a multi effect distillation (MED) plant for seawater desalination

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hatzikioseyian, A.; Vidali, R.; Kousi, P.

    2004-07-01

    The present paper focuses on the modelling and thermodynamic analysis of the Multi Effect Distillation plant (MED) installed in PSA. the plant has been used as a demonstration unit for seawater desalination in many European Research projects. The authors have reviewed and developed a modelling and simulation program based on the design parameters of the plant. The model is based on the mass and energy balances for the streams flowing through each stage of the MED unit to predict the performance of the unit in terms of energy requirements. (Author) 5 refs.

  11. CDAPubMed: a browser extension to retrieve EHR-based biomedical literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez-Rey, David; Jimenez-Castellanos, Ana; Garcia-Remesal, Miguel; Crespo, Jose; Maojo, Victor

    2012-04-05

    Over the last few decades, the ever-increasing output of scientific publications has led to new challenges to keep up to date with the literature. In the biomedical area, this growth has introduced new requirements for professionals, e.g., physicians, who have to locate the exact papers that they need for their clinical and research work amongst a huge number of publications. Against this backdrop, novel information retrieval methods are even more necessary. While web search engines are widespread in many areas, facilitating access to all kinds of information, additional tools are required to automatically link information retrieved from these engines to specific biomedical applications. In the case of clinical environments, this also means considering aspects such as patient data security and confidentiality or structured contents, e.g., electronic health records (EHRs). In this scenario, we have developed a new tool to facilitate query building to retrieve scientific literature related to EHRs. We have developed CDAPubMed, an open-source web browser extension to integrate EHR features in biomedical literature retrieval approaches. Clinical users can use CDAPubMed to: (i) load patient clinical documents, i.e., EHRs based on the Health Level 7-Clinical Document Architecture Standard (HL7-CDA), (ii) identify relevant terms for scientific literature search in these documents, i.e., Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), automatically driven by the CDAPubMed configuration, which advanced users can optimize to adapt to each specific situation, and (iii) generate and launch literature search queries to a major search engine, i.e., PubMed, to retrieve citations related to the EHR under examination. CDAPubMed is a platform-independent tool designed to facilitate literature searching using keywords contained in specific EHRs. CDAPubMed is visually integrated, as an extension of a widespread web browser, within the standard PubMed interface. It has been tested on a public dataset

  12. Flibanserin som farmakologisk behandling af nedsat lyst hos kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eldon, Anne Sofie; Giraldi, Annamaria

    2017-01-01

    Flibanserin was approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the USA in August 2015 as the first drug for the treatment of American women with the dysfunction hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) and is a 5-HT1A agonist and 5-HT2A antagonist. The neurophysiological effects of flibanserin...... on these receptors are consistent with the clinical effects, i.e. significantly increasing sexual desire and frequency of satisfying sexual experiences. As such, shifting the balance between inhibitory and excitatory neurotransmitters of importance to sexual desire, flibanserin pharmacologically broaches a possible...... new approach to the treatment of HSDD....

  13. HIV hos ældre kvinder efter udlandsrejse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Sanne; Thorsteinsson, Kristina; David, Kim Peter

    2016-01-01

    We report two cases of HIV infection among female travellers of older age. A Danish woman in her eighties was diagnosed with acute HIV infection after travelling to West Africa. A sexual history was not recorded before her third hospital visit. A West African woman in her seventies who had been...... living in Denmark for 40 years was diagnosed with advanced HIV after having been to West Africa for family visits. We want to emphasize that women of older age also have sex that may put them at risk of HIV, that febrile returning travellers should be tested for HIV, and that presence of HIV indicator...... diseases should lead to HIV testing....

  14. "Liva"--en befolkningsundersøgelse af kvinders seksualvaner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Tina Bech; Jensen, Kirsten Egebjerg; Plum, Christian Edinger Munk

    2010-01-01

    Sexual and contraceptive habits, e.g. early age at first intercourse, multiple sexual partners and non-use of condoms, are well-established risk factors for sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancy. The aim was to examine if and how educational level and degree of urbanization...... are related to age at first intercourse, lifetime number of sexual partners and condom use....

  15. Rygning og middellevetid blandt danske maend og kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prescott, E I; Osler, M; Hein, H O

    1999-01-01

    Studies reporting increased mortality in smokers are abundant, but only few have included large numbers of heavily smoking women. Based on three large Danish population studies we calculated median survival in smokers and never-smokers and compared the impact of smoking in men and women. Seventeen......, the impact smoking had on median survival was similar in men and women. Female inhaling heavy smokers (> or = 15 cig./day) lost 9.4 and inhaling light smokers 7.4 years in comparison with female never-smokers. Corresponding loss of life-expectancy in males was 9.2 years and 6.0 years, respectively...

  16. Kvalitetsudvikling af plejen til kvinder opereret for ovariecancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjort Jakobsen, Dorthe; Lytken, Vibeke; Lange, Tina

    2012-01-01

    twice annually, which can be used locally and nationally for quality monitoring and development of care provision and treatment. The database is a knowledge bank providing unlimited opportunities to optimize nursing and treatment of ovariancancer patients as well as to strengthen nursing research......For the first time ever in Denmark, an interdisciplinary, clinical database has been established containing surgery, pathology, oncology and nursing data from the perioperative period for women having undergone ovarian cancer surgery. The care-provision database was developed by a working group...

  17. Institutioner og bostøttetilbud for voksne med vidtgående handicap

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottschalk, Georg; Buch Hansen, C.; Nicolajsen, E.

    I de senere år der sket en udvikling af institutioner og bofællesskaber for udviklingshæmmede, sindslidende og fysisk handicappede. Tilsammen dækker tilbuddene hele skalaen fra den meget specialiserede institution til bostøtteformer, hvor de pågældende personer bor spredt i egne lejligheder med e...

  18. At se det usete - Rumlig visualisering af solsystemet med fysiske prototyper og Augmented Reality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Majgaard, Gunver; Larsen, Lasse Juel; Lyk, Patricia

    2016-01-01

    Artiklen bidrager med et eksempel på anvendelse af Augmented Reality til at understøtte undervisning i Solsystemet i en 6. klasse. Augmented Reality forbinder den fysiske og virtuelle verden i fx 3D-kloder, der svæver hen over lærebogen. Der blev i forløbet udviklet en app, hvor eleverne kunne se...

  19. MED-NODE : A computer-assisted melanoma diagnosis system using non-dermoscopic images

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giotis, Ioannis; Molders, Nynke; Land, Sander; Biehl, Michael; Jonkman, Marcel F.; Petkov, Nicolai

    2015-01-01

    Melanoma is one of the most aggressive types of skin cancer and in many cases it is difficult to differentiate from benign naevi. In this contribution we present a decision support (expert) system, which we call MED-NODE, able to assist physicians with this challenging task. The proposed system

  20. Paclitaxels farmakogenomik hos patienter med kræft i æggestokken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergmann, Troels Korshøj; Mirza, Mansoor Raza; Andersen, Charlotte Brasch

    (fx ABCB1, CYP2C8, CYP3A4, SLCO1B3) korrelerer med farmakokinetik, toksicitet og effekt.  Design: Datasættet består af toksicitetsregistreringer, overlevelses-data og paclitaxelkoncentrationsbestemmelser i plasma (ende-punkter) og af SNP genotypning. Genotypen er uafhængigt og tilfældigt distribueret...

  1. MED12 exon 2 mutations in phyllodes tumors of the breast

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nagasawa, Satoi; Maeda, Ichiro; Fukuda, Takayo; Wu, Wenwen; Hayami, Ryosuke; Kojima, Yasuyuki; Tsugawa, Ko-ichiro; Ohta, Tomohiko

    2015-01-01

    Exon 2 of MED12, a subunit of the transcriptional mediator complex, has been frequently mutated in uterine leiomyomas and breast fibroadenomas; however, it has been rarely mutated in other tumors. Although the mutations were also found in uterine leiomyosarcomas, the frequency was significantly lower than in uterine leiomyomas. Here, we examined the MED12 mutation in phyllodes tumors, another biphasic tumor with epithelial and stromal components related to breast fibroadenomas. Mutations in MED12 exon 2 were analyzed in nine fibroadenomas and eleven phyllodes tumors via Sanger sequencing. A panel of cancer- and sarcoma-related genes was also analyzed using Ion Torrent next-generation sequencing. Six mutations in fibroadenomas, including those previously reported (6/9, 67%), and five mutations in phyllodes tumors (5/11, 45%) were observed. Three mutations in the phyllodes tumors were missense mutations at Gly44, which is common in uterine leiomyomas and breast fibroadenomas. In addition, two deletion mutations (in-frame c.133-144del12 and loss of splice acceptor c.100-68-137del106) were observed in the phyllodes tumors. No other recurrent mutation was observed with next-generation sequencing. Frequent mutations in MED12 exon 2 in the phyllodes tumors suggest that it may share genetic etiology with uterine leiomyoma, a subgroup of uterine leiomyosarcomas and breast fibroadenoma

  2. Advanced solar dryer for salt recovery from brine effluent of desalination MED plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Collares-Pereira, M.; Farinha Mendes, J.; Horta, P. [Instituto Nacional de Engenharia Tecnologia e Inovacao, Lisboa (Portugal). Departamento de Energias Renovaveis

    2004-07-01

    Water desalination is an important idea to alleviate potable water scarcity all around the World and there are already many commercial solutions. An important challenge still persists if one wants to use solar energy as the energy input to the system, thereby taking advantage of the fact that often this problem arises in areas of the world with abundant sunshine and little other energy resources. The ongoing AQUASOL project [3] is one more attempt at putting solar energy to use in this context, with the objective of improving the economical and environmental performance of a MED desalination plant [1]. Within this project, reported elsewhere, an advanced solar dryer is being studied, allowing for brine concentration and/or ultimate salt recovery from the MED brine effluent. The idea is to add economical value to the investment in a MED plant, by providing one more product - salt - using the fact that the effluent of the MED plant has a higher salt concentration already and that the whole system might be integrated in a classical Saltworks, as one more step in the process. (orig.)

  3. Advanced solar dryer for salt recovery from brine effluent of desalination MED plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Manuel Collares; Mendes, Joao Farinha; Horta, Pedro

    2003-07-01

    Water desalination is an important idea to alleviate potable water scarcity all around the world, and there are already many commercial solutions. An important challenge still persists if one wants to use solar energy as the energy input to the system, thereby taking advantage of the fact that often this problem arises in areas of the world with abundant sunshine and little other energy resources. The recently started AQUASOL-Enhanced Zero Discharge Seawater Desalination using Hybrid Solar Technology (EVK1-CT2001-00102) project is one more attempt at putting solar energy to use in this context, with the objective of improving the economical and environmental performance of the a MED desalination plant. Within this project, reported here, an advanced solar dryer is being studied, allowing for brine concentration and/or ultimate salt recovery from the MED brine effluent. The idea is to add economic value to the investment in a MED plant by providing one more product--salt--using the fact that effluent of the MED plant has a higher salt concentration already and that the whole system might be integrated in a classical Saltworks, as one more step in the process. Taking into account the specificities of salt production in a classical Saltworks, the undergoing study seeks an optimised design, allowing an improved system able to deal with a constant brine flow, based on a passive approach, increasing not only the evaporation rates but also extending the operation period throughout the year.

  4. Rankoana et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2016) 13(3 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rankoana et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2016) 13(3):113-116 ... good health and well-being of the children by limiting the children's vulnerability to disease and promote their welfare. .... A small number of community members depend on staple crops as their major food source which they have to supplement.

  5. Mnengi et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(4):62 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Mnengi et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(4):62-65 ... A drop of dry yeast suspension was added as food to each vial. Probit analysis ... of five while some children are treated with malaria medications in biomedical facilities, as the World Health Organization recommends, others obtain home-care or ...

  6. Yadav et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(2):249 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Yadav et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(2):249-256 ..... In recent years the popularity of complementary medicine has increased. Much interest has been focused on exploring ... delayed the induction of glucose intolerance and euglycemia in high fructose diet fed rats. Diabegon treatment inhibits the ...

  7. Al-muammar et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2016) 13(1 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF ADEWUNMI

    Al-muammar et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2016) 13(1):17- .... Feed and water were provided ad libitum for one week before the start of experiment for adaptation. The basal .... The mean value of feed intake (g/day/rat) for all treated groups was slightly reduced as compared to the negative control group. On the.

  8. Ajeigbe et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(5):236 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    Ajeigbe et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(5):236-243 .... relative humidity of 45–50%. The rats were fed on a commercially available diet produced by Bendel Feed and Flour Mills ..... feed and feeding (Esonu et al., 2001) as well as drugs (Iheukwumere et al., 2007). The purpose of this research work was ...

  9. Liang et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2016) 13(3):209 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Liang et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2016) 13(3):209- .... fed a purified high-fat diet consisting (as a percentage of total kcal) of 41% fat, 41% carbohydrates, and 18% protein. ..... High concentrations of plasma glucose and insulin levels were maintained by feeding high-fat diet without phloridzin to KKAy mice for ...

  10. Cristina et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) 11(4):48 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Cristina et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2014) .... New data about the multiple therapeutic valences of this plant will complement the gathered knowledge about the ..... days, on sheep initially treated with 10, 5 and 2%, respectively tincture concentrations, no fed ticks were found, demonstrating the repellent.

  11. Tao et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2015) 12(1):52-56 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cadewumi

    Tao et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2015) 12(1):52-56 .... After treated with CCl4 for 4 hrr, low dose group, middle dose group and high dose group were feed with different concentration of cassava leaf flavonoid extracts. .... Weights of cassava leaf flavonoid extracts feeding mice were slightly heavier(p ...

  12. Integrated and implicit : how residents learn CanMEDS roles by participating in practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Renting, Nienke; Raat, A N Janet; Dornan, Tim; Wenger-Trayner, Etienne; van der Wal, Martha A; Borleffs, Jan C C; Gans, Rijk O B; Jaarsma, A Debbie C

    CONTEXT: Learning outcomes for residency training are defined in competency frameworks such as the CanMEDS framework, which ultimately aim to better prepare residents for their future tasks. Although residents' training relies heavily on learning through participation in the workplace under the

  13. Liu et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2016) 13(2):120-132 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    acer

    In this study, we used data mining approaches to investigate the principles of acupoint selection and provide a framework for formulation prescription in acupuncture and moxibustion for clinical treatment of KOA. Materials and Methods: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Science Citation Index, Wanfang database, VIP database, ...

  14. Effect of dinotefuran on Bemisia tabaci (MED whitefly) and Amblyseius swirskii, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemisia tabaci is a polyphagous pest known to feed upon over 900 plant taxa, and is an effective vector of more than 100 plant damaging viruses. Among different biotypes of this cryptic species complex, MEAM1 and MED whitefly are the two most destructive members posing threats of several crops of ec...

  15. Efficacy of Eretmocerus eremicus and flupyradifurone on Bemisia tabaci (MED whitefly), 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemisia tabaci is a polyphagous pest known to feed on over 900 plant taxa, and is an effective vector of more than 100 plant damaging viruses. Among different biotypes of this cryptic species complex, Middle East-Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1) and Mediterranean (MED) whitefly are the two most destructive memb...

  16. Effect of Eretmocerus eremicus and soil application of cyantraniliprole on Bemisia tabaci (MED whitefly), 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemisia tabaci is a polyphagous pest known to feed on over 900 plant taxa, and is an effective vector of more than 100 plant damaging viruses. Among different biotypes of this cryptic species complex, MEAM1 and MED whitefly are the two most destructive members posing threats to several crops of econ...

  17. Effect of foliar application of Xxpire on Bemisisa tabaci (MED whitefly) and Amblyseius swirskii, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemisia tabaci is a polyphagous pest known to feed upon over 900 plant taxa, and is an effective vector of more than 100 plant damaging viruses. Among different biotypes of this cryptic species complex, MEAM1 and MED whitefly are the two most destructive members posing threats of several crops of ec...

  18. Effect of soil application of cyantraniliprole on Bemisia tabaci (MED whitefly) and Amblyseius swirskii, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemisia tabaci is a polyphagous pest known to feed upon over 900 plant taxa, and is an effective vector of more than 100 plant damaging viruses. Among different biotypes of this cryptic species complex, MEAM1 and MED whitefly are the two most destructive members posing threats of several crops of ec...

  19. Impact of drench application of cyantraniliprole on Bemisia tabaci (MED whitefly) and Amblyseius swirskii, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemisia tabaci is a polyphagous pest known to feed on over 900 plant taxa, and is an effective vector of more than 100 plant damaging viruses. Among different biotypes of this cryptic species complex, MEAM1 and MED whitefly are the two most destructive members posing threats of several crops of econ...

  20. Efficacy of foliar application of flupyradifurone on Bemisia tabaci (MED whitefly) and Amblyseius swirskii, 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemisia tabaci is a polyphagous pest known to feed upon over 900 plant taxa, and is an effective vector of more than 100 plant damaging viruses. Among different biotypes of this cryptic species complex, MEAM1 and MED whitefly are the two most destructive members posing threats of several crops of ec...

  1. Impact of pymetrozine on Bemisia tabaci (MED whitefly) and Amblyseius swirskii, 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemisia tabaci is a polyphagous pest known to feed upon over 900 plant taxa, and is an effective vector of more than 100 plant damaging viruses. Among different biotypes of this cryptic species complex, Middle East-Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1) and Mediterranean (MED) whitefly are the two most destructive me...

  2. Effect of foliar application of pymetrozine on Bemisia tabaci (MED whitefly) and Amblyseius swirskii, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemisia tabaci is a polyphagous pest known to feed upon over 900 plant taxa, and is an effective vector of more than 100 plant damaging viruses. Among different biotypes of this cryptic species complex, MEAM1 and MED whitefly are the two most destructive members posing threats of several crops of ec...

  3. Effect of drench application of flupyradifurone on Bemisia tabaci(MED whitefly) and Amblyseius swirskii, 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemisia tabaci is a polyphagous pest known to feed on over 900 plant taxa, and is an effective vector of more than 100 plant damaging viruses. Among different biotypes of this cryptic species complex, Middle East-Asia Minor 1 (MEAM1) and Mediterranean (MED)whitefly are the two most destructive membe...

  4. Efficacy of Eretmocerus eremicus and cyantraniliprole on Bemisia tabaci (MED whitefly), 2017

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) feeds on more than 900 host plants and vectors over 111 plant virus species and is considered to be a major invasive species worldwide. Among different biotypes of this cryptic species complex, MEAM1 and MED whitefly are the two most destructive members posing threats to s...

  5. Effect of foliar application of pyrifluquinazon on Bemisia tabaci (MED whitefly) and Amblyseius swirskii, 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    With the overall goal to integrate the predatory mite Amblyseius swirskii in the management program of MED whitefly, the specific objective of this study was to evaluate pyrifluquinazon, a pyridine insecticide for whitefly control, and assess its compatibility with swirskii mite, and assess its comp...

  6. Flower Power: The Armoured Expert in the CanMEDS Competency Framework?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitehead, Cynthia R.; Austin, Zubin; Hodges, Brian D.

    2011-01-01

    Competency frameworks based on roles definitions are currently being used extensively in health professions education internationally. One of the most successful and widely used models is the CanMEDS Roles Framework. The medical literature has raised questions about both the theoretical underpinnings and the practical application of outcomes-based…

  7. Produkt- und Innovationsmanagement (PIM ZB MED. Prozess zur laufenden Überprüfung des Angebots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gail, Fabian

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available With the integrated process of “product and innovation management” ZB MED has created the basis for the continuous updating of the product portfolio. The existing products are maintained by those in charge with the help of product sheets, tested ideas for changes to existing or new products are checked transparently.

  8. Impact of Curricular Reforms on Educational Philosophy Courses in M.Ed Programmes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gafoor, K. Abdul; Remia, K. R.

    2014-01-01

    In the context of Vision of Teacher Education envisaged in National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education, this study probes "Do M.Ed programmes provide for the prerequisites of educational philosophy for teacher educators?" and "whether the syllabi following credit and non credit pattern vary in their coverage of content of…

  9. What supervisors say in their feedback : construction of CanMEDS roles in workplace settings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Renting, Nienke; Dornan, Tim; Gans, Rijk O. B.; Borleffs, Jan C. C.; Cohen-Schotanus, Janke; Jaarsma, A. Debbie C.

    The CanMEDS framework has been widely adopted in residency education and feedback processes are guided by it. It is, however, only one of many influences on what is actually discussed in feedback. The sociohistorical culture of medicine and individual supervisors' contexts, experiences and beliefs

  10. Comparison of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar: strengths and weaknesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falagas, Matthew E; Pitsouni, Eleni I; Malietzis, George A; Pappas, Georgios

    2008-02-01

    The evolution of the electronic age has led to the development of numerous medical databases on the World Wide Web, offering search facilities on a particular subject and the ability to perform citation analysis. We compared the content coverage and practical utility of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. The official Web pages of the databases were used to extract information on the range of journals covered, search facilities and restrictions, and update frequency. We used the example of a keyword search to evaluate the usefulness of these databases in biomedical information retrieval and a specific published article to evaluate their utility in performing citation analysis. All databases were practical in use and offered numerous search facilities. PubMed and Google Scholar are accessed for free. The keyword search with PubMed offers optimal update frequency and includes online early articles; other databases can rate articles by number of citations, as an index of importance. For citation analysis, Scopus offers about 20% more coverage than Web of Science, whereas Google Scholar offers results of inconsistent accuracy. PubMed remains an optimal tool in biomedical electronic research. Scopus covers a wider journal range, of help both in keyword searching and citation analysis, but it is currently limited to recent articles (published after 1995) compared with Web of Science. Google Scholar, as for the Web in general, can help in the retrieval of even the most obscure information but its use is marred by inadequate, less often updated, citation information.

  11. Forældre og børn skal mere med

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mørck, Line Lerche

    2008-01-01

    "Der sker ikke noget". Fokus på barnets fejl og mangler, og tendens til at de professionelle træffer beslutningerne. Det er de største problemer i det tværfaglige samarbejde ifølge lektor i pædagogisk psykologi ved Danmarks Pædagogiske Universitetsskole, Line Lerche Mørck. I samarbejde med medarb...

  12. 60 kvinnor per dag undersoeks nu med vaerldsunikt digitalt mammografisystem fraan Sectra

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Helsingborgs kvinnor faar kraftigt saenkt straaldos fraan mammografi60 kvinnor per dag undersoeks nu med vaerldsunikt digitalt mammografisystem fraan SectraSectras digitala mammografisystem, Sectra MicroDose Mammography, har nu passerat 1.500 undersoekta kvinnor inom Helsingborgs Lasaretts screeningprogram foer mammografi" (1 page).

  13. Udsendelsens påvirkning på partnere med børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Jimmi

    Denne undersøgelse er lavet som opfølgning på resultaterne af Pårørenderapporten. Undersøgelsen baserer sig på de kvalitative udsagn, der er givet i de i alt 787 besvarelser fordelt over fire tidspunkter i forbindelse med udsendelsen af deres soldat. De kvalitative udsagn er blevet analyseret og ...

  14. Velfærdsteknologi og læringsteknologi med MOOC som eksempel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heilesen, Simon

    2015-01-01

    Kapitlet redegører for ‘Velfærdsteknologi’ i forhold til begrebet 'læringsteknologi’. Læringsteknologi bestemmes som velfærdsteknologi udfoldet inden for uddannelsessystemet. Ligesom velfærdsteknologi indføres læringsteknologi med multiple dagsordener, hvor hensigterne både er at tilskynde den læ...

  15. International plastic surgery missions: a framework for resident education using the CanMEDS competencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Colin P; Lecours, Catherine; Bortoluzzi, Patricia; Caouette-Laberge, Louise; Ying, Yvonne

    2013-10-01

    Residency education has shifted over the past decade in an attempt to graduate well-rounded physicians. There is a recognition that a physician's abilities must extend beyond medical knowledge. The Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada introduced the CanMEDS physician competency framework in 2005. The framework provides 7 areas of competencies that are aimed at providing improved patient care. These competencies are medical expert, communicator, collaborator, manager, health advocate, scholar, and professional. Teaching and evaluating many of these competencies is often challenging for residency training programs. We believe that international surgical missions provide a prime opportunity to teach and evaluate all CanMEDS' roles.Plastic surgery is a field with many different organizations involved in international surgery. Many plastic surgery training programs offer opportunities for residents to become involved in these international surgical missions. Through these trips, residents gain surgical experience, see a variety and volume of clinical cases, and have the opportunity to travel to a foreign country and experience different cultures. We believe that international plastic surgery surgical missions also provide an exceptional micro environment for the teaching of CanMEDS roles. Using examples from residents' personal experiences on international plastic surgery missions to China, Mali, and Cambodia, we describe the benefits of these missions in transferring the CanMEDS competencies to resident training.

  16. First year Master of Education (M.Ed.) students' experiences of part ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article reports on a study of how a group of first year M.Ed. students in the Faculty of Education of the University of KwaZulu-Natal experienced part-time study. Literature suggests that each year, South Africa suffers significant student departures from universities without completing their studies. Apart from the cost and ...

  17. Forsøg med alternative legeringer til erstatning af blyholdige bronzer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tiedje, Niels; Broberg, Ole; Hansen, Jesper B

    Projektet omfatter et litteraturstudie, der skal have til formål, at give overblik over hvilke materia-ler, der kan komme på tale som erstatning for blyholdige bronzer. De fundne legeringer skal derefter analyseres med henblik på deres indflydelse på primært arbejds-miljøet i produktionskæden, men...

  18. Matching Medline/PubMed data with Web of Science: a routine in R language

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rotolo, D.; Leydesdorff, L.

    2015-01-01

    We present a novel routine, namely medlineR, based on the R language, that allows the user to match data from Medline/PubMed with records indexed in the ISI Web of Science (WoS) database. The matching allows exploiting the rich and controlled vocabulary of medical subject headings (MeSH) of

  19. The seven CanMEDS roles in postgraduate medical education should be revised

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malling, Bente Vigh; Sørensen, Jette Led; Mikines, Kári J

    2013-01-01

    The seven CanMEDS roles were adopted by the Danish reform in postgraduate medical education in 2004. The roles have become a natural part of defining specialist competence. However, the definition of the seven roles from 2000 might not be aligned with the perception of good medical practice anno...

  20. Tosprogede børns møde med metafiktion i en postmoderne billedbog

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Daugaard, Line Møller; Johansen, Martin Blok

    2012-01-01

    Når lærere og skolebibliotekarer vælger billedbøger til tosprogede børn, sker det ofte på baggrund af en vurdering af bøgernes sproglige tilgængelighed, indholdsmæssige genkendelighed og kulturelle passenhed. Det kan betyde, at postmoderne billedbøger fravælges. I denne artikel præsenteres et...... casestudium af tosprogede børns møde med en postmoderne billedbog med tydelige metafiktive træk. I vandringerne gennem bogen demonstrerer mange tosprogede børn en høj grad af litterær kompetence. De omgås bogens metafiktive træk med stor faglig sikkerhed og efterspørger bøger, som udfordrer dem og bryder med...... deres forventninger som læsere. På den baggrund opfordres der til, at postmoderne billedbøger udgør en del af tilbuddet til tosprogede børn. When teachers and school librarians choose picture books for bilingual children, they often base their choice on an evaluation of linguistic comprehensibility...

  1. 59 forskellige kronikker, klummer mv. med hver deres titel i Berlingske, JP og Kristeligt Dagblad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Lars Hovbakke

    2017-01-01

    og julemiddagen Den 16. december: Julens sange Den 17. december: Julebukken Den 18. december: ”Rudolf med den røde tud” Den 19. december: Kravlenisserne Den 20. december: Glöggen og juleøllet Den 21. december: Adventsstjernen Den 22. december: Julemarkedet Den 23. december: Walt Disneys juleshow Den...

  2. Vigi4Med Scraper: A Framework for Web Forum Structured Data Extraction and Semantic Representation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bissan Audeh

    Full Text Available The extraction of information from social media is an essential yet complicated step for data analysis in multiple domains. In this paper, we present Vigi4Med Scraper, a generic open source framework for extracting structured data from web forums. Our framework is highly configurable; using a configuration file, the user can freely choose the data to extract from any web forum. The extracted data are anonymized and represented in a semantic structure using Resource Description Framework (RDF graphs. This representation enables efficient manipulation by data analysis algorithms and allows the collected data to be directly linked to any existing semantic resource. To avoid server overload, an integrated proxy with caching functionality imposes a minimal delay between sequential requests. Vigi4Med Scraper represents the first step of Vigi4Med, a project to detect adverse drug reactions (ADRs from social networks founded by the French drug safety agency Agence Nationale de Sécurité du Médicament (ANSM. Vigi4Med Scraper has successfully extracted greater than 200 gigabytes of data from the web forums of over 20 different websites.

  3. Information architecture: study and analysis of data Public Medical base (PubMed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Odete Máyra Mesquita Sales

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Based on principles proposed by Rosenfeld and Morville (2006, the present study examined the PubMed database interface, since a well-structured information architecture contributes to good usability in any digital environment. Method. The research development occurred through the use of literature techniques and empirical study on the analysis of information architecture based on organization, navigation, recommended labeling and search for Rosenfeld and Morville (2006 for the sake of usability base PubMed. For better understanding and description of these principles, we used the technique of content analysis. Results. The results showed that the database interface meets the criteria established by the elements of Information Architecture, such as organization based on hypertext structure, horizontal menu and local content divided into categories, identifying active links, global navigation , breadcrumb, textual labeling and iconographic and highlight the search engine. Conclusions. This research showed that the PubMed database interface is well structured, friendly and objective, with numerous possibilities of search and information retrieval. However, there is a need to adopt accessibility standards on this website, so that it reaches more efficiently its purpose of facilitating access to information organized and stored in the PubMed database.

  4. Miljøoptimering af afvaskning ved tryk med vandfortyndbar flexotrykfarve

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Henrik Fred; Helweg, Christian; Pedersen, Anne Rathmann

    Rapporten beskriver praksis ved afvaskning af vandfortyndbare flexotrykfarver i emballageindustrien og anviser muligheder for indførelse af renere teknologi til reduktion af spildevandsbelastningen. Anbefalingerne omfatter a) udformning af farveværker med henblik på effektiv tømning af farve og e...

  5. Hvordan reducerer vi stress hos erhvervsaktive med høretab?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Katja; Rosenstand, Claus Andreas Foss

    2015-01-01

    Stressrelateret sygefravær og dårlig social tilknytning til kolleger og ledelse er virkeligheden for mange danskere med nedsat hørelse. Samtidig er det vanskeligt for virksomhederne at håndtere stress hos gruppen, fordi der mangler indsigt i de udfordringer og sammenhænge, der har betydning...... for udviklingen af stress, når man har et høretab. I kapitlet arbejder vi hen imod konstruktionen af et dialogværktøj, der kan skabe denne indsigt samt støtte arbejdet med stressreduktion og -forebyggelse. Dialogværktøjet er blevet til på baggrund af resultater fra forløb med metoden Ecological Momentary...... Storytelling. 6 erhvervsaktive med høretab deltog i perioden 2013 – 2014. Indledende brugertests indikerer, at dialogværktøjet har po- tentiale som et organisatorisk forståelses- og procesværktøj til reduktion og forebyggelse af stress hos målgruppen....

  6. Can CanMEDS competencies be developed in medical school anatomy laboratories? A literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hefler, Joshua; Ramnanan, Christopher J

    2017-06-16

    The purpose of this literature review was to identify potential ways in which undergraduate medical anatomy education may be relevant to the CanMEDS Roles, a competency-based framework used throughout Canadian medical training. A scoping review of medical education literature was conducted in March 2017 for English language publications that included key words related to anatomy education and to key competencies formally described for each of the Roles in the CanMEDS 2015 framework. Indicated benefits were then collated, characterized, and synthesized for each CanMEDS Role. There were 71 studies identified describing original findings. Perceived benefits of anatomy education were most often identified for competencies related to the Medical Expert Role. Multiple studies also cited benefits related to the Scholar, Professional and Collaborator Roles. There was a lack of literature related to the Health Advocate, Communicator, and Leader Roles. The majority of benefits defined in the literature were limited to student perceptions rather than objectively measured outcomes. There is some evidence to suggest that anatomy education can facilitate the development of core competencies related to several CanMEDS Roles, outside of simply developing medical knowledge in the Medical Expert Role. Future studies need to develop methods to objectively assess outcomes related to these competencies.

  7. Sun et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2011) 8(3):224-229

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    Sun et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2011) 8(3):224-229. 224. EFFECTS OF CHINESE MATERIA MEDICA-FUBAO DANGGUI JIAO ON EXPERIMENTAL. ENDOMETRIOSIS. Xing Sun*, Master; Lijue Chen, Master; Fanbo Zeng1,. Department of Pharmacy, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong. University of Science ...

  8. The 11th Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop (Med-Hoc-Net 2012)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pitsillides, A.; Douligeris, C.; Vassiliou, V.; Heijenk, Geert; Cavalcante de Oliveira, J.

    Message from the General Chairs Welcome to the 2012 Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop in Ayia Napa, Cyprus. We are excited to host Med-Hoc-Net. As a major annual international workshop, following recent successful workshops in Sicily (2006), Corfu (2007), Palma de Mallorca (2008), Haifa

  9. The Med-CORDEX initiative: status of the simulations and first achievements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somot, Samuel; Ruti, Paolo

    2013-04-01

    The areas surrounding the Mediterranean basin have quite a unique character that results both from their complex morphology and socio-economic conditions . It is indeed surrounded by various and complex topography channelling regional winds (Mistral, Tramontane, Bora, Etesian, Sirocco) than defined local climates and from which numerous rivers feed the Mediterranean sea. Many small-size islands limit the low-level air flow and its coastline is particularly complex. Strong land-sea contrast, land-atmosphere feedback, intense air-sea coupling and aerosol-radiation interaction are also among the regional characteristics to take into account when dealing the Mediterranean climate modeling. In addition, the region features an enclosed sea with a very active regional thermohaline circulation. It is connected to the Atlantic ocean only by Gibraltar strait and surrounded by very urbanized littorals. The Mediterranean region is consequently a good case study for climate regionalization and was naturally chosen as a CORDEX sub-domain (MED) leading to the Med-CORDEX initiative endorsed by Med-CLIVAR and HyMeX. This initiative has been proposed by the Mediterranean climate research community as a follow-up of previous and existing initiatives. Med-CORDEX takes advantage of new very high-resolution Regional Climate Models (RCM, up to 10 km) and of new fully coupled Regional Climate System Models (RCSMs), coupling the various components of the regional climate. Med-CORDEX is a unique framework where research community will make use of both regional atmospheric, land surface, river and oceanic climate models and coupled regional climate system models for increasing the reliability of past and future regional climate information and understanding the processes that are responsible for the Mediterranean climate variability and trends. We present here an update of the status of Med-CORDEX as well as some first multi-model results. Today, Med-CORDEX gathers 20 different modelling

  10. Mediator subunit MED1 is a T3-dependent and T3-independent coactivator on the thyrotropin β gene promoter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsui, Keiji; Oda, Kasumi; Mizuta, Shumpei; Ishino, Ruri; Urahama, Norinaga; Hasegawa, Natsumi [Laboratory of Hematology, Division of Medical Biophysics, Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences, 7-10-2 Tomogaoka, Suma-ku, Kobe 654-0142 (Japan); Roeder, Robert G. [Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Ito, Mitsuhiro, E-mail: itomi@med.kobe-u.ac.jp [Laboratory of Hematology, Division of Medical Biophysics, Kobe University Graduate School of Health Sciences, 7-10-2 Tomogaoka, Suma-ku, Kobe 654-0142 (Japan); Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The Rockefeller University, 1230 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Department of Family and Community Medicine, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, 7-5-1 Kusunoki-cho, Chuo-ku, Kobe 654-0142 (Japan); Consolidated Research Institute for Advanced Science and Medical Care, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 159-8555 (Japan)

    2013-10-11

    Highlights: •MED1 is a bona fide T3-dependent coactivator on TSHB promoter. •Mice with LxxLL-mutant MED1 have attenuated TSHβ mRNA and thyroid hormone levels. •MED1 activates TSHB promoter T3-dependently in cultured cells. •T3-dependent MED1 action is enhanced when SRC1/SRC2 or HDAC2 is downregulated. •MED1 is also a T3-independent GATA2/Pit1 coactivator on TSHB promoter. -- Abstract: The MED1 subunit of the Mediator transcriptional coregulator complex is a nuclear receptor-specific coactivator. A negative feedback mechanism of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH, or thyrotropin) expression in the thyrotroph in the presence of triiodothyronine (T3) is employed by liganded thyroid hormone receptor β (TRβ) on the TSHβ gene promoter, where conventional histone-modifying coactivators act as corepressors. We now provide evidence that MED1 is a ligand-dependent positive cofactor on this promoter. TSHβ gene transcription was attenuated in MED1 mutant mice in which the nuclear receptor-binding ability of MED1 was specifically disrupted. MED1 stimulated GATA2- and Pit1-mediated TSHβ gene promoter activity in a ligand-independent manner in cultured cells. MED1 also stimulated transcription from the TSHβ gene promoter in a T3-dependent manner. The transcription was further enhanced when the T3-dependent corepressors SRC1, SRC2, and HDAC2 were downregulated. Hence, MED1 is a T3-dependent and -independent coactivator on the TSHβ gene promoter.

  11. A search engine to access PubMed monolingual subsets: proof of concept and evaluation in French.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffon, Nicolas; Schuers, Matthieu; Soualmia, Lina Fatima; Grosjean, Julien; Kerdelhué, Gaétan; Kergourlay, Ivan; Dahamna, Badisse; Darmoni, Stéfan Jacques

    2014-12-01

    PubMed contains numerous articles in languages other than English. However, existing solutions to access these articles in the language in which they were written remain unconvincing. The aim of this study was to propose a practical search engine, called Multilingual PubMed, which will permit access to a PubMed subset in 1 language and to evaluate the precision and coverage for the French version (Multilingual PubMed-French). To create this tool, translations of MeSH were enriched (eg, adding synonyms and translations in French) and integrated into a terminology portal. PubMed subsets in several European languages were also added to our database using a dedicated parser. The response time for the generic semantic search engine was evaluated for simple queries. BabelMeSH, Multilingual PubMed-French, and 3 different PubMed strategies were compared by searching for literature in French. Precision and coverage were measured for 20 randomly selected queries. The results were evaluated as relevant to title and abstract, the evaluator being blind to search strategy. More than 650,000 PubMed citations in French were integrated into the Multilingual PubMed-French information system. The response times were all below the threshold defined for usability (2 seconds). Two search strategies (Multilingual PubMed-French and 1 PubMed strategy) showed high precision (0.93 and 0.97, respectively), but coverage was 4 times higher for Multilingual PubMed-French. It is now possible to freely access biomedical literature using a practical search tool in French. This tool will be of particular interest for health professionals and other end users who do not read or query sufficiently in English. The information system is theoretically well suited to expand the approach to other European languages, such as German, Spanish, Norwegian, and Portuguese.

  12. Mars 2020 Entry, Descent, and Landing Instrumentation 2 (MEDLI2) Sensor Suite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Helen; Wright, Henry; Kuhl, Chris; Schoenenberger, Mark; White, Todd; Karlgaard, Chris; Mahzari, Milad; Oishi, Tomo; Pennington, Steve; Trombetta, Nick; hide

    2017-01-01

    The Mars 2020 Entry, Descent, and Landing Instrumentation 2 (MEDLI2) sensor suite seeks to address the aerodynamic, aerothermodynamic, and thermal protection system (TPS) performance issues during atmospheric entry, descent, and landing of the Mars 2020 mission. Based on the highly successful instrumentation suite that flew on Mars Science Laboratory (MEDLI), the new sensor suite expands on the types of measurements and also seeks to answer questions not fully addressed by the previous mission. Sensor Package: MEDLI2 consists of 7 pressure transducers, 17 thermal plugs, 2 heat flux sensors, and one radiometer. The sensors are distributed across both the heatshield and backshell, unlike MEDLI (the first sensor suite), which was located solely on the heat-shield. The sensors will measure supersonic pressure on the forebody, a pressure measurement on the aftbody, near-surface and in-depth temperatures in the heatshield and backshell TPS materials, direct total heat flux on the aftbody, and direct radiative heating on the aftbody. Instrument Development: The supersonic pressure transducers, the direct heat flux sensors, and the radiometer all were tested during the development phase. The status of these sensors, including the piezo-resistive pressure sensors, will be presented. The current plans for qualification and calibration for all of the sensors will also be discussed. Post-Flight Data Analysis: Similar to MEDLI, the estimated flight trajectory will be reconstructed from the data. The aerodynamic parameters that will be reconstructed will be the axial force coefficient, freestream Mach number, base pressure, atmospheric density, and winds. The aerothermal quantities that will be determined are the heatshield and backshell aero-heating, turbulence transition across the heatshield, and TPS in-depth performance of PICA. By directly measuring the radiative and total heat fluxes on the back-shell, the convective portion of the heat flux will be estimated. The status

  13. Prognosis: the "missing link" within the CanMEDS competency framework.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maida, Vincent; Cheon, Paul M

    2014-05-13

    The concept of prognosis dates back to antiquity. Quantum advances in diagnostics and therapeutics have relegated this once highly valued core competency to an almost negligible role in modern medical practice. Medical curricula are devoid of teaching opportunities focused on prognosis. This void is driven by a corresponding relative dearth within physician competency frameworks. This study aims to assess the level of content related to prognosis within CanMEDS (Canadian Medical Education Directives for Specialists), a leading and prototypical physician competency framework. A quantitative content analysis of CanMEDS competency framework was carried out to measure the extent of this deficiency. Foxit Reader 5.1 (Foxit Corporation), a keyword scanning software, was used to assess the CanMEDS 2005 framework documents of 29 physician specialties and 37 subspecialties across the seven physician roles (medical expert, communicator, collaborator, manager, health advocate, scholar, and professional). The keywords used in the search included prognosis, prognostic, prognosticate, and prognostication. Of the 29 specialties six (20.7%) contained at least one citation of the keyword "prognosis", and one (3.4%) contained one citation of the keyword "prognostic". Of the 37 subspecialties, sixteen (43.2%) contained at least one citation of the keyword "prognosis", and three (8.1%) contained at least one citation of the keyword "prognostic". The terms "prognosticate" and "prognostication" were completely absent from all CanMEDS 2005 documents. Overall, the combined citations for "prognosis" and "prognostic" were linked with the following competency roles: Medical Expert (80.3%), Scholar (11.5%), and Communicator (8.2%). Given the fundamental and foundational importance of prognosis within medical practice, it is recommended that physicians develop appropriate attitudes, skills and knowledge related to the formulation and communication of prognosis. The deficiencies within CanMEDS

  14. DataMed - an open source discovery index for finding biomedical datasets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiaoling; Gururaj, Anupama E; Ozyurt, Burak; Liu, Ruiling; Soysal, Ergin; Cohen, Trevor; Tiryaki, Firat; Li, Yueling; Zong, Nansu; Jiang, Min; Rogith, Deevakar; Salimi, Mandana; Kim, Hyeon-Eui; Rocca-Serra, Philippe; Gonzalez-Beltran, Alejandra; Farcas, Claudiu; Johnson, Todd; Margolis, Ron; Alter, George; Sansone, Susanna-Assunta; Fore, Ian M; Ohno-Machado, Lucila; Grethe, Jeffrey S; Xu, Hua

    2018-01-13

    Finding relevant datasets is important for promoting data reuse in the biomedical domain, but it is challenging given the volume and complexity of biomedical data. Here we describe the development of an open source biomedical data discovery system called DataMed, with the goal of promoting the building of additional data indexes in the biomedical domain. DataMed, which can efficiently index and search diverse types of biomedical datasets across repositories, is developed through the National Institutes of Health-funded biomedical and healthCAre Data Discovery Index Ecosystem (bioCADDIE) consortium. It consists of 2 main components: (1) a data ingestion pipeline that collects and transforms original metadata information to a unified metadata model, called DatA Tag Suite (DATS), and (2) a search engine that finds relevant datasets based on user-entered queries. In addition to describing its architecture and techniques, we evaluated individual components within DataMed, including the accuracy of the ingestion pipeline, the prevalence of the DATS model across repositories, and the overall performance of the dataset retrieval engine. Our manual review shows that the ingestion pipeline could achieve an accuracy of 90% and core elements of DATS had varied frequency across repositories. On a manually curated benchmark dataset, the DataMed search engine achieved an inferred average precision of 0.2033 and a precision at 10 (P@10, the number of relevant results in the top 10 search results) of 0.6022, by implementing advanced natural language processing and terminology services. Currently, we have made the DataMed system publically available as an open source package for the biomedical community. © The Author 2018. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Medical Informatics Association. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com

  15. User needs analysis and usability assessment of DataMed - a biomedical data discovery index.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixit, Ram; Rogith, Deevakar; Narayana, Vidya; Salimi, Mandana; Gururaj, Anupama; Ohno-Machado, Lucila; Xu, Hua; Johnson, Todd R

    2017-11-30

    To present user needs and usability evaluations of DataMed, a Data Discovery Index (DDI) that allows searching for biomedical data from multiple sources. We conducted 2 phases of user studies. Phase 1 was a user needs analysis conducted before the development of DataMed, consisting of interviews with researchers. Phase 2 involved iterative usability evaluations of DataMed prototypes. We analyzed data qualitatively to document researchers' information and user interface needs. Biomedical researchers' information needs in data discovery are complex, multidimensional, and shaped by their context, domain knowledge, and technical experience. User needs analyses validate the need for a DDI, while usability evaluations of DataMed show that even though aggregating metadata into a common search engine and applying traditional information retrieval tools are promising first steps, there remain challenges for DataMed due to incomplete metadata and the complexity of data discovery. Biomedical data poses distinct problems for search when compared to websites or publications. Making data available is not enough to facilitate biomedical data discovery: new retrieval techniques and user interfaces are necessary for dataset exploration. Consistent, complete, and high-quality metadata are vital to enable this process. While available data and researchers' information needs are complex and heterogeneous, a successful DDI must meet those needs and fit into the processes of biomedical researchers. Research directions include formalizing researchers' information needs, standardizing overviews of data to facilitate relevance judgments, implementing user interfaces for concept-based searching, and developing evaluation methods for open-ended discovery systems such as DDIs. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Medical Informatics Association. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com

  16. Increasing Medication Possession at Discharge for Patients With Asthma: The Meds-in-Hand Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatoun, Jonathan; Bair-Merritt, Megan; Cabral, Howard; Moses, James

    2016-03-01

    Many patients recently discharged from an asthma admission do not fill discharge prescriptions. If unable to adhere to a discharge plan, patients with asthma are at risk for re-presentation to care. We sought to increase the proportion of patients discharged from an asthma admission in possession of their medications (meds in hand) from a baseline of 0% to >75%. A multidisciplinary improvement team performed 3 plan-do-study-act cycles over 2 years and, using a statistical process control chart, tracked the proportion of patients admitted with asthma discharged with meds in hand as the primary outcome. An exploratory, retrospective analysis of insurance data was conducted with a convenience sample of Medicaid-insured patients, comparing postdischarge utilization between patients discharged with meds in hand and usual care. Generalized estimating equations accounted for nonindependence in the data. Changes to the discharge process culminated in the development of a discharge medication delivery service. Outpatient pharmacist delivery of discharge medications to patient rooms achieved the project aim of 75% of patients discharged with meds in hand. In a subset of patients for whom all insurance claims were available, those discharged with meds in hand had lower odds of all-cause re-presentation to the emergency department within 30 days of discharge, compared with patients discharged with usual care (odds ratio, 0.22; 95% confidence interval, 0.05-0.99). Our initiative led to several discharge process improvements, including the creation of a medication delivery service that increased the proportion of patients discharged in possession of their medications and may have decreased unplanned visits after discharge. Copyright © 2016 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

  17. Der er faresignaler her - om ret og heuristik i det almindelige, kommunale tilsyn med børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Idamarie Leth

    2014-01-01

    KORT RESUME Kommunerne underlægges i stigende grad krav om at føre et aktivt og opsøgende tilsyn med børn og unge. Kravene fremgår af serviceloven med tilhørende forskrifter. Disse regler har sammenhæng med en række andre regler på det sociale og velfærdsretlige område i øvrigt, men også med forv...

  18. PubMed had a higher sensitivity than Ovid-MEDLINE in the search for systematic reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katchamart, Wanruchada; Faulkner, Amy; Feldman, Brian; Tomlinson, George; Bombardier, Claire

    2011-07-01

    To compare the performance of Ovid-MEDLINE vs. PubMed for identifying randomized controlled trials of methotrexate (MTX) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We created search strategies for Ovid-MEDLINE and PubMed for a systematic review of MTX in RA. Their performance was evaluated using sensitivity, precision, and number needed to read (NNR). Comparing searches in Ovid-MEDLINE vs. PubMed, PubMed retrieved more citations overall than Ovid-MEDLINE; however, of the 20 citations that met eligibility criteria for the review, Ovid-MEDLINE retrieved 17 and PubMed 18. The sensitivity was 85% for Ovid-MEDLINE vs. 90% for PubMed, whereas the precision and NNR were comparable (precision: 0.881% for Ovid-MEDLINE vs. 0.884% for PubMed and NNR: 114 for Ovid-MEDLINE vs. 113 for PubMed). In systematic reviews of RA, PubMed has higher sensitivity than Ovid-MEDLINE with comparable precision and NNR. This study highlights the importance of well-designed database-specific search strategies. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. National Nursing Audit on Hip Fractures in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rud, Kirsten; Specht, Kirsten; Søe Jensen, Pia

      Baggrund og formål Hoftebrud kan betegnes som en folkesygdom da ca.10.000 personer hvert år pådrager sig et hoftebrud i Danmark. Patienterne er gennemsnitlig 80 år, 3 ud af 4 er kvinder, og til indlæggelsen knytter sig ofte en betydelig komorbiditet med risiko for medicinske komplikationer. For...

  20. Cute and Cool in Contemporary Japanese Visual Arts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borggreen, Gunhild Ravn

    2011-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i officiel japansk promovering af tre unge kvinder inden for modebranchen som kulturambassadører inden for "Japan Cool" diskuterer artiklen forskellige kulturelle aspekter af det japanske begreb kawaii (nuttet) som både brand for japansk kultureksport og som et kritisk subversivt...... element i japansk populærkultur og samtidskunst....

  1. Heroines & Superheroines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raahauge, Kirsten Marie

    2010-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i billedkunstneren Ivar Tønsbergs værker, der under titlen Heroines & Superheroines udstilles ved Dronninglund Kunstcenter 6.6.-1.8.2010, diskuterer denne tekst til udstillingskataloget kvinder og magt, fremstillingsformer og ansigtsaflæsninger. Motivet for værkerne er kvindelige...

  2. Muligheder og barrierer for sundhedsfremme i et socialt udsat boligområde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulrich, Anita

    2011-01-01

    Rapporten præsenterer resultaterne af en undersøgelse af en motionsaktivitet under Fredericia Kommunes Projekt Bydelssundhed, ’Motion & Afslapning i Vand kun for Kvinder’. Motionsaktiviteten er særligt målrettet kvinder med anden etnisk baggrund end dansk....

  3. Physical violence against women in domestic situations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2015-01-01

    Kirken har hidtil "ligget underdrejet" i forbindelse med vold mod kvinder eller børn. Forfatteren er præst i Belgien og udvikler gennem sin PhD-afhandling et syn på, hvordan kirken kan spille en aktiv rolle (kyriarki til erstatning for patriarkat)...

  4. Personal and Cultural Perspectives on Rape and it's Meanings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Bodil Maria

    2007-01-01

    Overgreb kan få mange forskellige personlige og kulturelle betydninger. Da der er en tendens til at generalisere overgrebs betydninger, er dette dog et meget ringe udforsket område. Et forskningsprojekt udforsker i samarbejde med Rigshospitalets Center for Voldtægtsofre de betydninger 40 kvinder ...

  5. Asiater mangler også i danske bestyrelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ørholst, Henrik

    2018-01-01

    Stop nu. Der er ikke brug for mere snak og statistik om flere kvinder i bestyrelser. Der er mere brug for asiater og folk med digitale kompetencer. Der er lang vej igen, før ikonerne A.P. Møller-Mærsk, Novo Nordisk og LEGO har bestyrelser, der afspejler den verden, vi lever i....

  6. Fnidder-fnadderens æstetik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sharma, Devika

    2012-01-01

    Formsprog. Vi læser typisk det famlende ved Kirsten Hammanns kvindeskikkelser som feminin famlethed og trummerummet hos Helle Helle som et særligt kvindeligt trummerum. Men Hammann og Helles litteratur er snarere radikale eksperimenter i et formsprog – som vi har for vane at forbinde med kvinder ....

  7. Modreformation og reform i Spanien:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Else Marie Wiberg

    2017-01-01

    reformbevægelser, uanset geografi og om det er fx calvinister eller anabaptister, betegnes "lutheranere". Med en radikal tolkning af Paulus i 1 Korintherbrev 14,34 forbydes kvinder at læse og undervise i Bibelen. Karmelitternonnen Teresa af Avila (1515-82) prøves på grund af sin ordensreform til stadighed af...

  8. Cute and Cool in Contemporary Japanese Visual Arts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borggreen, Gunhild Ravn

    2011-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i officiel japansk promovering af tre unge kvinder inden for modebranchen som kulturambassadører inden for "Japan Cool" diskuterer artiklen forskellige kulturelle aspekter af det japanske begreb kawaii (nuttet) som både brand for japansk kultureksport og som et kritisk subversivt...

  9. Grasping the Existential Experience of Living with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Janni Lisander

    Dette projekt havde til formål at undersøge eksistentielle vilkår hos kvinder med sygdommen, systemisk lupus erythematosus, herunder hvordan disse vilkår blev erfaret gennem et langvarigt sygdomsforløb. Data blev konstrueret gennem 3 konsekutive, personlige interview sessions på dag 0, efter 6 og...

  10. Spiseforstyrrelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dynesen, Anja Weirsøe; Gehrt, Charlotte Astrid; Vammen, Katrine Schjødt

    2017-01-01

    Spiseforstyrrelser er blandt de mest alvorlige sygdomme blandt unge kvinder. Tidlig igangsættelse af behandling er afgørende for prognosen. Dette vanskeliggøres imidlertid af, at personer med en spiseforstyrrelse ofte ikke har erkendt eller skjuler deres sygdom. Da orale komplikationer som dental...

  11. MED14 tethers mediator to the N-terminal domain of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma and is required for full transcriptional activity and adipogenesis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grøntved, Lars; Madsen, Maria S; Boergesen, Michael

    2010-01-01

    and proximal promoter of the PPARgamma target gene Fabp4 is also independent of MED1. Using a small interfering RNA (siRNA)-based approach, we identify MED14 as a novel critical Mediator component for PPARgamma-dependent transactivation, and we demonstrate that MED14 interacts directly with the N terminus...... of PPARgamma in a ligand-independent manner. Interestingly, MED14 knockdown does not affect the recruitment of PPARgamma, MED6, and MED8 to the Fabp4 enhancer but does reduce their occupancy of the Fabp4 proximal promoter. In agreement with the necessity of MED14 for PPARgamma transcriptional activity, we show...

  12. MedDigital trends and tactics to lead into the future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, D E; Toth, C L

    2001-01-01

    Physician executives need to harness appropriate digital technology by understanding key trends and implementing best tactics. Being and doing MedDigital means taking back control and improving care--and, at the same time, improving efficiencies and the bottom line. This article presents seven e-trends that are shaping health care: (1) Consumers and patients are pushing doctors to go digital; (2) from Web health information to MedDigital decision support; (3) beyond managed care to custom health; (4) wireless is the way of the new world; (5) Passive web portals yield to digital destinations; (6) e-commerce means lower transaction cost; and (7) develop e-health care ROI methodologies and track results. The authors provide myriad examples of new technology that will revolutionize health care and provide both physicians and consumers with valuable interactive tools to enhance health, treatment, and decision-making.

  13. MED23-associated intellectual disability in a non-consanguineous family.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trehan, Aditi; Brady, Jacqueline M; Maduro, Valerie; Bone, William P; Huang, Yan; Golas, Gretchen A; Kane, Megan S; Lee, Paul R; Thurm, Audrey; Gropman, Andrea L; Paul, Scott M; Vezina, Gilbert; Markello, Thomas C; Gahl, William A; Boerkoel, Cornelius F; Tifft, Cynthia J

    2015-06-01

    Intellectual disability (ID) is a heterogeneous condition arising from a variety of environmental and genetic factors. Among these causes are defects in transcriptional regulators. Herein, we report on two brothers in a nonconsanguineous family with novel compound heterozygous, disease-segregating mutations (NM_015979.3: [3656A > G];[4006C > T], NP_057063.2: [H1219R];[R1336X]) in MED23. This gene encodes a subunit of the Mediator complex that modulates the expression of RNA polymerase II-dependent genes. These brothers, who had profound ID, spasticity, congenital heart disease, brain abnormalities, and atypical electroencephalography, represent the first case of MED23-associated ID in a non-consanguineous family. They also expand upon the clinical features previously reported for mutations in this gene. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  14. Calculation of Metallization Resistivity and Thickness for MedAustron Kickers

    CERN Document Server

    Barnes, M J; Stadlbauer, T

    2011-01-01

    The MedAustron facility, to be built in Wiener Neustadt (Austria), will provide protons and ions for both cancer therapy and research [1]. Different types of kicker magnets will be used in the facility. The kicker magnets are outside machine vacuum: each kicker magnet has a ceramic beam chamber whose inner surface is metalized. The resistivity and thickness of the metallization are chosen such that the induced eddy currents, resulting from the pulsed kicker magnetic field, do not unduly affect the rise/fall times or homogeneity of the magnetic field. A comparison of an analytical calculation and measurement is reported for the effect of metallization of a ceramic chamber in an existing kicker system at CERN. Conclusions concerning the metallization of the ceramic chambers for the MedAustron kicker magnets are presented.

  15. Social arv, ulighed og dagtilbuds betydning med henblik på mønsterbrydning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Bente

    i 120 dagtilbud. Programmet har udviklet innovative strategier for professionelles kompetenceudvikling, dvs. et kompetenceudviklingsprogram, der tilbyder deltagerne muligheder for selv at arbejde eksperimenterende med viden om kvalitetsudvikling i dagtilbud, samt værktøjer til at omsætte denne viden...... (uddannelse), og her planlægges innovative strategier for implementering gennem eksperimenter (i praksis). Antagelsen bag programmet er, at en længerevarende og dybtgående tilgang til professionel kompetenceudvikling med fokus på et innovativt perspektiv vil kunne føre til varige fornyelser i dagtilbud og...... undersøgelse af, om modellen for forandring og fornyelse opnår effekt. Resultater viser, at der opnås positive virkninger af professionelles kompetenceudvikling målt på implementering af nye innovative strategier i det pædagogiske arbejde. Teoretisk diskuteres resultaterne i lyset af en begrebsliggørelse om...

  16. Live-innspilling i studio med fokus på akustisk gitar og vokal

    OpenAIRE

    Lamborg, Kristine; Larsen, Axel Wold

    2014-01-01

    vår bacheloroppgave foreligger det en teoretisk undersøkelse, samt tre live-innspillinger med artisten Robert Bergstrøm. Vårt mål, i tillegg til å spille inn disse låtene, var å undersøke hvilke faktorer som kunne være med på å påvirke en live-innspilling i studio. Vi kom frem til at små detaljer som for eksempel valg av plekter, justering av mikrofonplassering og slitasje på stemmebåndet kan påvirke en produksjon i stor grad. Videre kom vi frem til at kondensatormikrofoner tilfører et rik...

  17. Disrupt dit Mindset og få succes med Big Data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rydén, Pernille; Ringberg, Torsten; Østergaard Jacobsen, Per

    mindset, der hver især fører til fire unikke Big Data strategier. Når ledere inden for samme team har forskellige mindset, kan det føre til manglende mental og organisatorisk alignment og problemer med at håndtere disruption. Da mindsets ofte er ubevidste, har vi udviklet en onlinetest, der hjælper dig og...... dine kolleger med at identificere jeres dominerende mindset. Det vil give jer det bedste afsæt til at vurdere og beslutte hvad der er jeres optimale strategiske vej til Big Data succes. “Det er næsten provokerende, at sammenhængen mellem lederes mindset og succesfuld innovation kan være så markant. Læs...

  18. MedTime: a temporal information extraction system for clinical narratives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yu-Kai; Chen, Hsinchun; Brown, Randall A

    2013-12-01

    Temporal information extraction from clinical narratives is of critical importance to many clinical applications. We participated in the EVENT/TIMEX3 track of the 2012 i2b2 clinical temporal relations challenge, and presented our temporal information extraction system, MedTime. MedTime comprises a cascade of rule-based and machine-learning pattern recognition procedures. It achieved a micro-averaged f-measure of 0.88 in both the recognitions of clinical events and temporal expressions. We proposed and evaluated three time normalization strategies to normalize relative time expressions in clinical texts. The accuracy was 0.68 in normalizing temporal expressions of dates, times, durations, and frequencies. This study demonstrates and evaluates the integration of rule-based and machine-learning-based approaches for high performance temporal information extraction from clinical narratives. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Blos på svenska : Två låtar med Peps Persson

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, Andreas

    1998-01-01

    Andreas Johansson: Blos på svenska. Två låtar med Peps Persson. Uppsala: Musikvetenskap, 1998. C-uppsats (60 p). Hur låter amerikansk Chicagoblues framförd av en svensk bluesmusiker? Denna fråga har varit utgångspunkt för uppsatsen, för vilken syftet är att beskriva och jämföra likheter och skillnader mellan dagens Chicagoblues i Sverige och den ursprungliga amerikanska Chicagobluesen från 1950-talet. I uppsatsen jämförs två låtar från Peps Perssons skiva Rotblos (1997) med de låtar Peps anvä...

  20. Construction and Initial Tests of the Electrostatic Septa for MedAustron

    CERN Document Server

    Borburgh, J; Boucly, C; Kramer, T; Prost, A; Dorda, U; Stadlbauer, T

    2013-01-01

    For the MedAustron facility under construction in Wiener Neustadt/Austria, two electrostatic septa are built in collaboration with CERN. These septa will be used for the multi-turn injection of protons and ions, as well as for the slow extraction from the synchrotron. The power supplies are designed to combine the required precision with the capability to cycle sufficiently fast to keep up with the machine cycle. The septa are being assembled at CERN. Initial tests have been done on the remote displacement system to validate its precision and communication protocol with the MedAustron control system. Subsequently the septa are tested for vacuum performance and then HV conditioned. The construction of the septa, the requirements of the power supplies and the high voltage circuit will be described. Results of the initial laboratory tests, prior to installation in the accelerator, will be given.