Sample records for glucoproteins

  1. 抗水牛伊氏锥虫变异表面糖蛋白抗原单克隆抗体的研制%Preparation of Monoclonal Antibody against Variant Surface Glucoprotein Antigen of Trypanosoma evansi

    曾晓飞; 陈汉忠; 韦英益; 何木荣; 李晓栩


    用纯化的伊氏锥虫变异表面糖蛋白(variant surface glucoprotein,VSG)免疫BALB/c小鼠,取免疫小鼠脾细胞与SP2/0骨髓瘤细胞进行融合,经过3次克隆和间接ELISA方法筛选,获得3D7、5B9 2株稳定分泌单克隆抗体的杂交瘤细胞株,用间接ELISA方法检测杂交瘤细胞培养液上清效价和小鼠腹水效价,其中细胞培养上清效价分别为1:6400和1:12800,腹水效价分别为1:105和1:106.单抗的亚型鉴定结果表明,3D7、5B9分泌的抗体都为IgG1亚类κ链.


    刘爱芹; 张唯哲; 中村·健; 蔺淑芳; 王光跃


    目的研究水溶性和尿素溶性粉尘螨糖蛋白的组分及结合糖链的构成. 方法用粉尘螨脱脂干粉提取水溶性抗原(Der fA)和尿素溶性抗原(Der fU),经SDS-PAGE,Western blot,免疫染色,胶体金染色和糖定性检测两种抗原糖蛋白的组分,并用9种HRP-植物血凝素进行结合糖链鉴定. 结果 Der fA显示4条蛋白带,分别为18 ku、30 ku、50 ku和58 ku,Der fU显示2条蛋白带(46 ku、58 ku),其中58 ku糖蛋白检测阳性.Der fA存在α-甘露糖(α-Man)、N-乙酰葡萄糖胺(GlcNAC)、α-葡萄糖(α-Glc),不存在寡糖(Oligosaccharide)、岩藻糖(α-Fuc)、β-半乳糖(β-Gal)、β-半乳糖-乙酰氨基半乳糖(β-Gal-GalNAC)及唾液酸(AS);Der fU只存在α-甘露糖,不存在其它7种糖链和唾液酸. 结论α-甘露糖是粉尘螨优势糖蛋白,其次是N-乙酰葡萄糖胺和α-葡萄糖.

  3. 眼镜蛇毒抗补体因子的研究%Study on cobra venom factor

    叶春玲; 任先达; 吕艳青; 叶开和


    Cobra venom factor (CVF), separated from the cobra venoms, is an acidic glucoproteins with anticomplementory activity. The combination of CVF with factor B in the blood produces a stable C3 and C5 converterase resulting in complement depletion by activating complement continually. There are many studies on it, such as inflammation, autoimmune disease, xenotransplantation, anti-tumor, etc. CVF is also an important tool drug for the study of complement role in the pathophysiological development of diseases.

  4. 中枢神经系统肿瘤侵袭机制研究进展

    刘暌; 雷霆; 薛德麟


    一、肿瘤侵袭ECM调控丧失 细胞外基质(extracellular matrix.ECM)包括基底膜和闻隙基质,由胶原(已知14型),糖蛋白(glucoproteins)如层粘蛋白(laminin),纤维连接蛋白(fibronectin),蛋白多糖(proteoglycans)和透明质酸(hyalurona)组成。是细胞赖以生存的外环境,对实质细胞起着支持和营养作用。

  5. Glucosylation of membrane-bound proteins by lipid-linked glucose.

    Pont Lezica, R; Romero, P A; Hopp, H E


    Particulate preparations from Pisum sativum. were able to incorporate [(14)C]glucose from UDP-[(14)C]glucose into oligosaccharide-linked lipids was formed by an oligosaccharide chain containing 7-8 glucose residues linked to dolichol, presumably via a pyrophosphate. The polymer was identified as a membrane-bound glucoprotein that could be solubilized by Triton X-100. SDS gel electrophoresis showed that a polypeptide with an apparent molecular weight of 13,000 could be glucosylated from dolichyl-phosphate-glucose. This was coincident with the electrophoretic mobility of the β subunit of the pea lectin in the same system. The glucosylated protein was solubilized from the membranes by sonication and showed the same carbohydrate-binding ability as pea lectins. These results strongly suggest that pea lectins can be glucosylated by the lipid intermediate pathway.

  6. An in vivo microdialysis measurement of harpagoside in rat blood and bile for predicting hepatobiliary excretion and its interaction with cyclosporin A and verapamil.

    Wu, Qian; Wen, Xiao-Dong; Qi, Lian-Wen; Wang, Wei; Yi, Ling; Bi, Zhi-Ming; Li, Ping


    Harpagoside, a major bioactive iridoid glucoside in genus Scrophularia, has been widely used in clinical practice for the treatment of pain in the joints and lower back for its neuroprotective and anti-inflammation activities. To investigate the pharmacokinetics and hepatobiliary excretion, an in vivo microdialysis method coupled with high performance liquid chromatography was developed to monitor the concentration of harpagoside in blood and bile. The harpagoside bile-to-blood distribution ratio (AUC(bile)/AUC(blood)) up to 986.28+/-78.46 significantly decreased to 6.41+/-0.56 or 221.20+/-18.92 after co-administration of cyclosporin A or verapamil. The results indicated that harpagoside went through concentrative elimination from the bile which was probably regulated by P-glucoprotein, providing possible clinical trials of co-administration of transporter inhibitors to decrease drug efflux, thus to enhance the curative effects.

  7. Evaluación del efecto de la ingesta de una alta carga de ácidos grasos saturados sobre los niveles séricos de la proteína C reactiva, alfa1-antitripsina, fibrinógeno y alfa1-glicoproteína ácida en mujeres obesas Effect of a high saturated fatty acids load on serum concentrations of C-reactive protein, alpha1-antitrypsin, fibrinogen and alpha1-acid glycoprotein in obese women

    M.ª M. Ramírez Alvarado


    en mujeres obesas. Los niveles séricos de PCR y fibrinógeno están incrementados en mujeres obesas y se correlacionan positivamente con el IMC.Obesity is associated with increased inflammation. Creactive protein (CRP and inflammation-sensitive plasma protein (ISPs are inflammatory markers. Proinflammatory process may be influenced by high saturated fatty acid intake. Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of saturated fatty acids load on postprandial circulating levels of PCR and ISPs (alpha1-antitrypsin, alpha1-acid glucoprotein, and fibrinogen in obese women. Design: A total of 15 obese women (age = 31,7 ± 4,5 years, BMI = 37,9 ± 7,3 kg/m² and 15 lean controls women (age = 30,6 ± 4,6 years, BMI = 20,6 ± 2,6 kg/m² were recruited for this study. After and overnight fast subjects ate the fat load consisted of 75 g of fat (100% saturated fatty acid, 0% cholesterol, 5 g of carbohydrates, and 6 g of protein per m2 body surface area. Postprandial serum levels of CRP, alpha1-antitrypsin, alpha1-acid glucoprotein, and fibrinogen were measured. Anthropometry and blood biochemical parameters were measured in both groups. Results: The obese women had fasting serum PCR levels higher (p = 0,013 and fibrinogen (p = 0,04 than those of control women. Serum CRP and fibrinogen levels was positively related to body mass index (BMI in obese group. There weren't differences in fasting serum alpha1- antitrypsin levels (p = 0,40, and alpha1-acid glucoprotein (p = 0,28 levels in obese group in comparison to lean control group. Serum CRP, alpha1-antitrypsin, alpha1-acid glucoprotein, and fibrinogen did not change postprandially (p = > 0,05 difference to fasting levels. Conclusion: A high-saturated fatty acids load is not associated with serum CRP, alpha1-antitrypsin, alpha1-acid glucoprotein, and fibrinogen levels increase. Serum alpha1-antitripsin and alpha1-acid glucoprotein levels are not increased in obese women. Serum PCR and fibrinogen levels are

  8. Level of the proteins of the acute phase as criterions of the antibacterial therapy effectiveness in the E.coli associated experimental peritonitis

    V. V. Minukhin


    Full Text Available Introduction. Peritonitis is accompanied by increase of acute-phase proteins levels. C – reactive protein (CRP is acute – phase protein which is produced in human organism in response to tissue injury, infection or inflammation. CRP is produced in small quantities (<1mg/l under normal conditions. Measurement of CRP levels in serum is used for setting of the diagnosis and diseases monitoring as well as efficacy of their treatment. Seromucoid (orosomucoid, alpha-1 acid glucoprotein is one of acute – phase proteins. Levels of serum orosomucoid are elevated since onset of the inflammatory process due to microbial contamination develops in peritonitis. Levels of alpha – 1 acid glucoprotein is elevated during acute phase of inflammation. Alpha – 1 acid glucoprotein is one of main acute – phase proteins. Aim of the study. To determinate levels of seromucoid and CRP in serum of experimental animals and to evaluate the duration of the inflammatory process and the efficacy of antimicrobial therapy in mice with experimentally induced peritonitis. Material and methods of study. Levels of CRP were determined with the use of a half – quantitative immunoturbidimetric method. Levels of seromucoids were determined by means of the immunoturbidimetric method. Levels of CRP and seromucoid were determined in serum obtained from mice in which experimental peritonitis were induced by Escherichia coli. Mice were divided into 6 groups depending on methods of treatment: the 1st group: Amikacin; the 2nd group: gatifloxacin; the 3rd group: Amikacin combined with Gatiflocsacin; the 4th group: Amikacin combined with Bacteriophagum Coli-Proteicum; the 5th group: Gatiflocsacin combined with Bacteriophagum Coli-Proteicum; the 6th group: Amikacin combined with Gatiflocsacin and Bacteriophagum Coli-Proteicum; Studies were conducted on the 3rd and the 5th day after the start of antimicrobial therapy. Results of study. Studies showed that the positive CRP test and the

  9. Cold adaptations in animals; Teion to seibutsu

    Katagiri, C. [Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo (Japan). Inst. of Low Temperature Science


    This paper explains the relation between organisms and low temperature in three temperature regions divided by 0{degree}C with reference to protein and lipid, the constituents of an organism. At a low temperature somewhat higher than 0{degree}C, some mammals hibernate, and the hibernation of mammals has connection with protein. The results of recent researches clearly show that, when a chipmunk starts hibernating, four kinds of proteins having molecular weight of 20000-50000 disappear from his blood. At 0{degree}C, an insect has a reserve of special lipid as an energy source for the hibernation. Triacylglycerol which an insect utilizes as an energy source for the basal metabolism during the hibernation is a neutral lipid, which is also a main component of cooking oil and butter. In a temperature region lower than 0{degree}C, fishes in the polar regions hold nonfreezing proteins (glucoproteins), which have molecular weights of several thousands to several ten thousands, in the blood so as to prevent the water in the cells and blood does not freeze. 5 refs.

  10. [Various mechanisms of cytoprotective effect of omeprazole and low intensity laser radiation on the gastroduodenal mucosa in the treatment of patients with duodenal ulcer].

    Akhmadkhodzhaev, A M


    Clinical studies were made in 130 patients with duodenal ulcer in the phase of exacerbation of the disease. There were 98 men and 32 women who ranged from 17 to 50 years old. Results of examination of 7 essentially healthy subjects were regarded as control. The patients were divided into three groups. Group I patients (n = 48) received a conventional therapy; in group II patients, the adopted therapy was supplemented by omeprazol, 20 mg twice daily, group III patients (n = 43) were (in addition to the above therapeutic regimen) exposed to a session of endoscopic low-intensity laser irradiation (LILI) for 5 min (overall 6 to 8 LILI procedures). It has been ascertained that omeprazol exerts a cytoprotective effect on the mucozal barrier of the gastroduodenal zone brought about by increase in the synthesis of glucoproteins in the mucous membrane, improvement of the water-and-elastic properties, and enhancement of resistance of the mucosal barrier to the action of the aggressive factors. Administration of endoscopic LILI treatments in DU patients has also been found out to have a cytoprotective effect but superior to omeprazol. A protective action of LILI is believed to be caused by stimulation of synthesis of the most important components of glycoproteins. A cytoprotective effect of omeprazol and endoscopic LILI is ccompanied by a significant shortening of time for the clinical symptoms to get dispelled, the ulcer cicatrization frequency increased.

  11. Characterization of an anti-listerial enterocin from wheat silage based Enterococcus faecium.

    Bal, Emel Banu Buyukunal; Isevi, Taner; Bal, Mehmet Ali


    Two Enterococcus faecium and one E. faecalis strains isolated and identified from wheat silage were characterized based on plasmid content, hemolytic activity, antibiotic resistance patterns, bacteriocin production potential, and presence of enterocin structural genes (entA, entB, entP, entL50B). Among the isolates, only the E. faecium U7 strain exhibited bacteriocin activity against Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 7644, and vancomycin resistant Enterococcus spp. (VRE). A combination of three structural genes (entA, entB, and entP) was detected in E. faecium U7. A relationship between the presence of enterocin structural genes, and bacteriocin activity was detected in E. faecium U7; therefore partially purified enterocin (PPE) was further investigated from the isolate. Several bands of different molecular weights were expressed from PPE extracts following tricine SDS-PAGE analysis. However, the only band showing bacteriocin activity was in an approximate 4-kDa region. PPE treatment with proteinase K, lysozyme, and α -amylase caused complete loss of bacteriocin activity. PPE heat treatment at various temperatures resulted in a notable reduction in bacteriocin expression. Enterocin U7 was relatively heat stable, and presumably exhibits a glucoprotein nature with distinct inhibitory properties. Specific bacterial inhibitory activity of enterocin U7, and the producer strain absence of β -hemolysis and vancomycin susceptibility features deserves further investigation to evaluate its potential application in silage inoculation and food preservation. Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  12. Wheat Allergy and Intolerence; Recent Updates and Perspectives.

    Pasha, Imran; Saeed, Farhan; Sultan, Muhammad Tauseef; Batool, Rizwana; Aziz, Mahwash; Ahmed, Waqas


    The current review paper highlights the complicacies associated with communities relying on wheat as their dietary staple. Although, wheat is an important source of nutrients but is also linked with allergenic responses in genetically susceptible subjects. The wheat proteins especially α-amylase inhibitors, ω-5 gliadins, prolamins, nonprolamin, glucoprotein, and profilins are of significance importance. The allergenic responses are further categorized into IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated reactions. Conjugation and degranulation of the IgEs with the allergens results in release of several mediators. In contrary, non-IgE-mediated wheat allergy depends on immune complexes formed by food and food antibodies and cell-mediated immunity. As results, different diseases tend to occur on the completion of these reactions, i.e., celiac disease, baker's asthma, diarrhea, atopic dermatitis, and urticaria. This instant paper highlighted the concept of food allergy with special reference to wheat. The models are developed that are included in this paper showing the wheat allergen, their possible routes, impact on human health, and indeed possible remedies. The paper would provide the basic information for the researchers, common man, and allied stakeholders to cater the issue in details. However, the issue needs the attention of the researchers as there is a need to clarify the issues of wheat allergy and wheat intolerance.

  13. Metabolomic profiles investigation on athletes' urine 35 minutes after an 800-meter race.

    Sun, Tao; Wu, Ying; Wu, Xueping; Ma, Haifeng


    The aim of this study was to identify possible biological pathways of the metabolite profile changes in athletes' urine samples before and after 800-m runs. We used an NMR-based metabolomics analysis to evaluate the metabolite profile changes in 19 young male athletes' urine samples after 800-m runs and provide an overall picture of its impact. Various multivariate data analysis methods, including principal component analysis (PCA), partial least squares-discrimination analysis (PLS-DA), and orthogonal projection of latent-structure-discrimination analysis (OPLS-DA) were applied to analyze the NMR data and thus identify possible correlations between the metabolite profile changes and the alterations in biological pathways. The potential biological mechanism of an 800-m race was finally elucidated based on the multivariate statistical analysis results. The levels of blood lactate (Lac), 2-hydroxyisovalerate (2HIV), leucine, 2-hydroxyisobutyrate (2HIB), alanine, N-acetyl-glucoprotein, pyruvate, creatinine, fumarate, inosine (Ino) and hypoxanthine (Hyx) were up-regulated in the post samples, whereas the levels of certain metabolites, including 3-hydroxyisovalerate, citrate, taurine, glycine and formate were down-regulated in the postsamples. Our study provides novel insights into the 800-m race metabolic characteristic. Separation of pre- from postexercise samples was related to the Krebs cycle, Cori cycle, Cahill cycle, HIFs and ROS. Besides the Lac change, the increased concentrations of Ino, 2HIV concentrations in the postexercise urine samples represent potential indices which indicate the high percent of glycolysis during the 800-m run. The increase of concentrations of Hyx, 2HIB may indicated oxidative stress with concomitant ROS generation in the athletes' bodies during the 800-m race.

  14. Progress in pharmacological mechanisms of terandrine and its therapeutic usein digestive diseases

    Ding Guo Li; Zhi Rong Wang; Han Ming Lu


    AIM To review the progress in pharmacological mechanisms of terandrine (Tet) and its therapeutic use indigestive diseases.METHODS We reviewed almost all the papers related to Tet from various magazines published in Englishand Chinese in recent years.RESULTS It has been demonstrated that Tet had multiple bioactivities: ① Tet could act as a Ca2+antagonist via blocking cellular plasma membrane voltage- or receptor-operating Ca2+ channels, inhibiting extracellular Ca2+ entry into the cell and intracellular Ca2+ mobilization to the cytosol, so as to preventhepatocytes, cardiomyocytes, pancreas cells and neurocytes from toxic or ischemia-reperfusion injuries.However, in HL-60 and leukemic T cells, Tet promoted Ca2+ releasing from mitochondria and microsomes,increased the concentration of intracellular Ca2 + , and induced cell death; ② Tet inhibited phobol 12-myristat13-acetate (PMA) plus ionomycin-induced T cell proliferation, interleukin-2 secretion and expression of theT cell activation antigen, CD71. It could also interrupt the integrity of macrophages, and reduced respiratoryburst of neutrophils and macrophages and proinflammatory cytokines secretion through minimizing nucleartranscriptional factor kappa B DNA binding activity; ③ Tet could induce tumor cell apoptosis, and down-regulate P-glucoprotein activity; and ④ Tet has the therapeutic effects on hepatic fibrogenesis, portalhypertension, immunomodulation, etc.CONCLUSION Tet can act as a Ca2 + channel blocker, inhibit proinflammatory factors releasing, modulateimmunoreaction, and induce tumor cell apoptosis. It can be used to prevent hepatocyte injury induced bytoxins and virus, inhibit hepatic fibrogenesis, reduce portal venous pressure, and can be used as an anti-tumor drug as well.

  15. 血链球菌与疾病研究进展%Advance in Streptococcus sanguis and Diseases

    李鸣瑶; 郑兰艳


    Streptococcus sanguis ( Ss) is one of the bacteria planted in the oral cavity in early stage, it is also the resident bacteria in oral cavity. As a beneficial periodontal bacterium, it plays antagonism against the most of suspicious pathogenic bacteria. The main mechanism is to produce hydrogen peroxide and sangui-streptocin. After it enters into the blood circulation on various accounts, it could cause infective endocarditis. The main mechanism is the platelet aggregation caused by Ss' surface antigen makes the platelet to adhere and aggregate. The combining point of the platelet surface is near glucoprotein Ib of platelet membrane. Under the stimulation of Ss mononuclear leucocyte expresses lots of tissue factor and activate the exogenous blood-coagulation pathway to form thrombus.%血链球菌是早期定植在口腔内的细菌之一,也是口腔内的常驻菌.血链球菌作为牙周有益菌对大多数牙周可疑致病菌具有拮抗作用.其主要机制为产生过氧化氢和血链素.由于各种原因进入血液循环后可引起感染性心内膜炎,主要机制为血链球菌的表面抗原使血小板产生黏附、聚集,其在血小板表面的结合位点在血小板膜糖蛋白Ib附近.单核细胞在血链球菌的刺激下表达大量的组织因子,激活外源性凝血途径形成血栓.

  16. 经皮冠状动脉介入治疗1年内上消化道出血分析%Incidence and predictors of upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage post percutaneous coronary interventions within one year

    赵新国; 岳玉国; 陈伟良; 邸军军


    目的:探讨冠心病患者经皮冠状动脉介入治疗(PCI)后1年内,引起上消化道出血(UGH)的主要危险因素.方法:选择行PCI的冠心病患者432例,分析比较1年内发生UGH和未发生UGH患者的临床资料的差异.结果:本组UGH发生率为5.3%(23/432),其中,高龄、急性心肌梗死、既往有消化性溃疡病史、合并慢性支气管炎的患者UGH发生率较高,分别为6.7%、11.5%、9.6%和9.8%,与相应患者比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).术中应用血小板GPⅡb/Ⅲa受体拮抗剂的患者UGH发生率(12.5%)高于未应用血小板GPⅡb/Ⅲa受体拮抗剂的患者(2.7%),差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).围术期使用和术后1年内间断使用质子泵抑制剂的患者UGH发生率(2.2%)与未使用的患者(13.7%)比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:高龄、急性心肌梗死、既往有消化性溃疡病史、合并慢性支气管炎增加PCI后UGH的发生,术中应用Ⅱb/Ⅲa受体拮抗剂进一步增加UGH,制酸药物质子泵抑制剂可减小UGH的风险.%Objective: To observe the incidence and the predictors of upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage (UGH) in patients underwent percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) within one year. Method: From April 2005 to April 2008, a total of 432 patients underwent PCI in our hospital were recruited. The clinical characteristics were analyzed for comparing the differences between UGH and no-UGH patients during one year after procedure. Result:UGH occurred in 23 out of 432 PCI patients (5.3%), and the incidence of UGH was significantly higher in patients aged more than 75 years (6.7%), admission with acute myocardial infarction (11.5 %), peptic ulcer history (9.6%) , chronic bronchitis (9.8%) than patients without above factors. There were significant differences (P<0.05). Low molecular weight heparin and platelet glucoprotein Ⅱ b/Ⅲ a receptor antagonist use during the procedure contributed to the development of UGH, so a higher

  17. Current progress in functions of axon guidance molecule Slit and underlying molecular mechanism%神经轴突导向分子Slit的功能及其分子作用机制研究进展

    于奇; 周启升; 赵晓; 刘庆信


    神经轴突导向分子Slit是一种在进化上高度保守的分泌型糖蛋白,Slit对神经轴突导向、神经细胞迁移、神经细胞形态分化、肿瘤转移、血管生成、心脏形态发生等多种生命活动具有调节作用.Slit功能的实现主要是通过其LRR-2结构域与受体Roundabout (Robo)的Igl结构域相结合而实现的,另外硫酸肝素蛋白多糖(heparan sulfate proteoglycans,HSPGs)、GTP酶激活蛋白(GTPase-activating proteins,GAPs)、酪氨酸激酶Abelson、Ca2+、MicroRNA-218和其它轴突导向分子等多种信号分子也参与了Slit功能的实现.slit基因受到Single-minded、Irx4和Midline等转录因子的调控,另外,转录后水平的选择性剪接使slit基因存在多种亚型.Slit导向机制的研究有助于揭示生物神经发育和再生过程中神经网络形成的内在分子基础,同时,也将为预防和治疗人类神经疾病、抑制癌细胞转移等提供理论参考.%The axon guidance molecule Slit is a secreted glucoprotein which is conserved during evolution. Slit has been implicated in regulating a variety of life activities, such as axon guidance, neuronal migration, neuronal morphological differentiation, tumor metastasis, angiogenesis and heart morphogenesis. Slit function mainly depends on the binding of its LRR-2 domain to the Ig1 domain of Roundabout (Robo) receptor, meanwhile Slit function is also mediated by a range of signaling molecules, including the heparan sul-fate proteoglycans (HSPGs), GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs), tyrosine kinase Abelson, calcium ions, MicroRNA-218 and other axon guidance molecules. Several transcription factors, including Single-minded, Irx and Midline, were shown to regulate slit expression. In addition, multiple Slit isoforms exist as a consequence of alternative spliced transcripts. The research on guidance mechanism of Slit will facilitate the understanding of molecular mechanism underlying neural networks formation in the process of

  18. Expression of immune autoantibodies in children with persistent/chronic immune thrombocytopenia%持续性和慢性免疫性血小板减少症患儿免疫抗体表达的意义

    李珊珊; 蒋慧; 夏敏


    Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of platelet autoantibodies in children with persistent/chronic immune thrombocytopenia (pITP/cITP).Methods Total of 34 children diagnosed with pITP/cITP(14 cases and 20 cases,respectively)in the Department of Hematology and Oncology,Shanghai Children's Hospital from December 2013 to August 2014 were enrolled as the study group,including 20 male and 14 female,the median age of 5 years old.The study also included 20 healthy children (the healthy control group) matched with gender and age,and 24 cases of newly diagnosed ITP (newly diagnosed ITP group) serving as the control groups.Platelet-associated immunoglobulin (PAIg) and platelet-specific autoantibodies on surface of platelets were mea-sured by flow cytometry or flow cytometric bead.Results Significant elevation of PAIgA,PAIgM,PAIgD and specific autoantibodies against glucoprotein(GP) Ⅲa,and GP Ⅱb were demonstrated in children with cITP,as well as specific autoantibodies against GP Ⅰ b,GP Ⅲ a,GP Ⅱ b,and granule membrane protein 140 (GMP140) in children with pITP,compared with the healthy control group(P < 0.05);the levels of GPⅨ,GP Ⅲ a,GMP140 in cITP group and GP Ⅱ b in pITP showed significant declination,compared with the newly diagnosed ITP group(P < 0.05);between piTP group and cITP group,autoantibodies GPⅨ,GP Ⅰ b,GP Ⅱ b,and GMP140 in the latter were much lower(P < 0.05).Significant negative relation between PAIgM and platelet count was found in cITP group (P < 0.05).Receiver operating characte-ristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curve (AUC) of GP Ⅲ a autoantibodies was larger than that of other platelet-autoantibodies in pITP/ciTP diagnosis.Conclusions Platelet autoantibodies play a significant role in pITP/ciTP,especially platelet-specific autoantibodies,which show a declining tendency in the course and may be the main mechanism.The detection of GPⅢa specific autoantibody is more