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Sample records for geneva tram network

  1. Meyrin soon to be connected up to the Geneva tram network

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    The tram service to Meyrin will begin operation on 13 December. Several bus routes, including those with stops at CERN, will be modified as a result.   The tram service to Meyrin will begin operation on 13 December (photo © TPG) Extension of the tram line as far as Meyrin The tram service to Meyrin will be officially inaugurated on Saturday 12 December and will start operating the following day. From 13 December onwards the No. 14 and No. 16 trams will run from the Gravière tram stop in Meyrin to the usual terminus (see map), serving the Cornavin railway station along the way. Passengers wishing to travel on to CERN will be able to catch the No. 56 bus at the Vaudagne stop (the last-but-one stop on the tram line). Passengers from CERN wishing to travel to Geneva by public transport will need to take the No. 56 bus to Vaudagne, then catch the No. 14 or No. 16 tram into the city centre. Y bus from Thoiry to Ferney-Voltaire via the airport Another positive development is th...

  2. Modeling of a tram power network: from the component to the system; Modelisation d'un reseau electrique de tramway: du composant au systeme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morin, E.

    2005-01-15

    The study and the modeling of tram power networks require a system analysis. The use of several power-electronic converters in these networks significantly modifies both their topology and their function. Therefore, modeling methods developed in this thesis differ from traditional approaches, since a global analysis of a system should be linked with the study of its components.To satisfy the demands of the tram domain, this thesis develops modeling methods for transmission lines and transformers. Two levels of analysis are considered. Firstly, the tram power network is evaluated in relation to time. Secondly, an Iterative Harmonic Analysis (IHA) program is developed to compute the spectra of the system accurately. (author)

  3. A Comparison of Tram Priority at Signalized Intersections

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Lele

    2013-01-01

    We study tram priority at signalized intersections using a stochastic cellular automaton model for multimodal traffic flow. We simulate realistic traffic signal systems, which include signal linking and adaptive cycle lengths and split plans, with different levels of tram priority. We find that tram priority can improve service performance in terms of both average travel time and travel time variability. We consider two main types of tram priority, which we refer to as full and partial priority. Full tram priority is able to guarantee service quality even when traffic is saturated, however, it results in significant costs to other road users. Partial tram priority significantly reduces tram delays while having limited impact on other traffic, and therefore achieves a better result in terms of the overall network performance. We also study variations in which the tram priority is only enforced when trams are running behind schedule, and we find that those variations retain almost all of the benefit for tram op...

  4. The Geneva Conferences and the emergence of the International Network for Person-centered Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mezzich, Juan E

    2011-04-01

    The yearly Geneva Conferences on Person-centered Medicine started in May 2008 as a collaborative effort of global medical and health organizations and committed clinicians and scholars to place the whole person at the centre of medicine and health care. They were informed by the traditions of great ancient civilizations and recent developments in clinical care and public health. The process of the Geneva Conferences led to the development of the International Network for Person-centered Medicine as a non-for-profit institution aimed at organizing future editions of the Geneva Conference and building person-centred medicine as a paradigmatic repriorizing of the medical and health fields in collaboration inter alia with the World Medical Association, the World Health Organization and the World Organization of Family Doctors.

  5. Validation of the METEOSAT storm detection and nowcasting system Cb-TRAM with lightning network data – Europe and South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H.-D. Betz

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In this manuscript, recent changes to the DLR METEOSAT thunderstorm TRacking And Monitoring algorithm (Cb-TRAM are presented as well as a validation of Cb-TRAM against the European ground-based LIghtning NETwork data (LINET of Nowcast GmbH and Lightning Detection Network (LDN data of the South African Weather Service (SAWS. The validation is conducted along the well known skill scores probability of detection (POD and false alarm ratio (FAR on the basis of METEOSAT/SEVIRI pixels as well as on the basis of thunderstorm objects. The values obtained demonstrate the limits of Cb-TRAM in specific as well as the limits of satellite methods in general which are based on thermal emission and solar reflectivity information from thunderstorm tops. Although the climatic conditions and the occurence of thunderstorms is quite different for Europe and South Africa, the quality score values are similar. Our conclusion is that Cb-TRAM provides robust results of well-defined quality for very different climatic regimes. The POD for a thunderstorm with intense lightning is about 80% during the day. The FAR for a Cb-TRAM detected thunderstorm which is not at least close to intense lightning activity is about 50%; if the proximity to any lightning activity is evaluated the FAR is even much lower at about 15%. Pixel-based analysis shows that the detected thunderstorm object size is not indiscriminately large, but well within the physical limitations of the method. Nighttime POD and FAR are somewhat worse as the detection scheme can not use high resolution visible information. Nowcasting scores show useful values up to approximatelly 30 min.

  6. CERN, Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    "The Large Hadron Collider (pages 1-3) is being built at CERN, the European Centre for Nuclear Research near Geneva. CERN offers some extremely exciting opportunities to see "big bang" in action. (1 page)

  7. Tram of Bus: Does the Tram Bonus Exist?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bunschoten, T.; Molin, E.J.E.; Van Nes, R.

    2013-01-01

    The tram bonus is a much discussed topic as there is severe uncertainty about its definition and its existence. In this paper the tram bonus is considered to be the extra value it generates for travellers, which causes a new tram service to gain more passengers when compared to an equivalent bus

  8. Tram of Bus: Does the Tram Bonus Exist?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bunschoten, T.; Molin, E.J.E.; Van Nes, R.

    2013-01-01

    The tram bonus is a much discussed topic as there is severe uncertainty about its definition and its existence. In this paper the tram bonus is considered to be the extra value it generates for travellers, which causes a new tram service to gain more passengers when compared to an equivalent bus ser

  9. Destination Geneva

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2016-01-01

    .... It is located in lush parkland with Lake Geneva and Mont Blanc visible in the distance. The luxury hotel offers all deluxe facilities required by the most demanding traveller: big suites and spacious rooms, the popular Woods restaurant, two bars, a cigar lounge, a business centre, a luxury spa by Clarins, a 25-metre heated swimming pool and a fitness centre.

  10. Geneva Marathon

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Running and Fitness Clubs

    2010-01-01

    Congratulations to all the CERN participants in the Geneva marathon and half-marathon who ran on Sunday 9 May. CERN performed exceptionally well in the inter-enterprise category, collecting the 1st and 2nd places in the Marathon competition, and 2nd place in the half-marathon competition.   Some of the CERN Running Club participants after the Geneva Marathon 2010. From left to right: Junginger Tobias (marathon), Dore Graham (half-marathon), Cauphy Alain (marathon), Ruiz Camille (half-marathon), Ziogas Nicolas (marathon), Fluckiger Martin (marathon). More than 24 runners from CERN participated in either the Marathon or the half-Marathon. A successful but not easy day in Geneva, as reported by Nick Ziogas: “37 to 40 was very tough for me. My goal was to improve from last year and I improved by 3 minutes 10 seconds which is fantastic really. So I am delighted!”. Participants in the leading CERN teams in each category are listed below. MARATHON 1. CERN ...

  11. Tram works (TCMC)

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2011-01-01

    In order to allow the final switchover of traffic, as part of the on-going Tram works (TCMC), please note that the traffic lights at Entrance B will be out of service from 7 to 14 February. In order to ensure traffic safety and allow CERN employees to exit the site, a temporary roundabout will be installed during this week. Department of General Infrastructure Services (GS) GS-SE Group

  12. Trams and roadworks on the route de Meyrin

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    The project to bring trams to CERN’s doorstep will require a lot of roadworks on the route de Meyrin, so traffic diversions and restrictions are to be expected. Traffic will be diverted away from the route de Meyrin as of the beginning of February 2008. Work on the future Cornavin-Meyrin-CERN tram route (TCMC) is progressing nicely. The first section up to Avanchet was inaugurated on 8 December but users will not be able to ride the tram all the way to CERN, via Meyrin Village and Cité de Meyrin, until 2010. Until then, all road users will have to be patient. To make room for the tram and to alleviate traffic flow in the centre of Meyrin Village, a 755-m long underpass will be constructed. Traffic coming from the centre of Geneva will enter the underpass at the Ecole de Golette and emerge at the Carrosserie de la Tour, having passed 15 metres below Meyrin Village centre. This "cut-and-cover" construction will entail traffic diversions via the rout...

  13. Vibro-acoustic performance of newly designed tram track structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haladin, Ivo; Lakušić, Stjepan; Ahac, Maja

    2017-09-01

    Rail vehicles in interaction with a railway structure induce vibrations that are propagating to surrounding structures and cause noise disturbance in the surrounding areas. Since tram tracks in urban areas often share the running surface with road vehicles one of top priorities is to achieve low maintenance and long lasting structure. Research conducted in scope of this paper gives an overview of newly designed tram track structures designated for use on Zagreb tram network and their performance in terms of noise and vibration mitigation. Research has been conducted on a 150 m long test section consisted of three tram track types: standard tram track structure commonly used on tram lines in Zagreb, optimized tram structure for better noise and vibration mitigation and a slab track with double sleepers embedded in a concrete slab, which presents an entirely new approach of tram track construction in Zagreb. Track has been instrumented with acceleration sensors, strain gauges and revision shafts for inspection. Relative deformations give an insight into track structure dynamic load distribution through the exploitation period. Further the paper describes vibro-acoustic measurements conducted at the test site. To evaluate the track performance from the vibro-acoustical standpoint, detailed analysis of track decay rate has been analysed. Opposed to measurement technique using impact hammer for track decay rate measurements, newly developed measuring technique using vehicle pass by vibrations as a source of excitation has been proposed and analysed. Paper gives overview of the method, it’s benefits compared to standard method of track decay rate measurements and method evaluation based on noise measurements of the vehicle pass by.

  14. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 9 March 2009 COLLOQUIUM at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Are We Descended From Heavy Neutrinos? Prof. Boris Kayser / Fermilab (Fermi National Accelerator Center, Geneva, Illinois, USA) Neutrinos are among the most abundant particles in the universe. The discovery that they have nonzero masses has raised a number of very interesting questions about them, and about their connections to other areas of physics and to cosmology. After briefly reviewing what has been learned about the neutrinos so far, we will identify the major open questions, explain why they are interesting, and discuss ideas and plans for answering them through future experiments. We will highlight a particularly intriguing question: Are neutrinos the key to understanding why the universe contains matter but almost no antimatter, making it s...

  15. Collide@CERN Geneva

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva; Kieffer, Robert; Blas Temino, Diego; Bertolucci, Sergio; Mr. Decelière, Rudy; Mr. Hänni, Vincent

    2014-01-01

    CERN, the Republic and Canton of Geneva, and the City of Geneva are delighted to invite you to “Collide@CERN Geneva Music”. Come to the public lecture about collisions between music and particle physics by the third winners of Collide@CERN Geneva, Vincent Hänni & Rudy Decelière, and their scientific inspiration partners, Diego Blas and Robert Kieffer. The event marks the beginning of their residency at CERN, and will be held at the CERN Globe of Science and Innovation on 16 October 2014 at 19.00. Doors will open at 18.30.

  16. Traction concept of the Regio CITADIS diesel hybrid tram; Antriebskonzept der Dieselhybrid-Tram Regio CITADIS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schroeter, H.; Soeffker, C.; Schrank, S. [ALSTOM LHB GmbH, Salzgitter (Germany)

    2007-07-01

    A regional tram with diesel hybrid traction developed for standard-gauge service for the first time in the world makes it possible for the operator to connect the inner-city tramway network with non-electrified lines in the surroundings. The modular traction system of the Regio CITADIS greatly contributes to the success of this concept. Among the features to be particularly mentioned are the intelligent control system, on the one hand, and the potential innovative extension stages, on the other. (orig.)

  17. Traffic disruption at Entrance B -TRAM- related work

    CERN Multimedia

    Infrastructure and General Services Department

    2010-01-01

    Due to work being carried out for the TRAM we inform you that vehicles coming from Geneva will be prohibited from turning left into Entrance B. This restriction will be in place for approx. 10 weeks*) starting from Monday 30 August 2010. You are highly recommended to enter CERN through Entrance A during this period even though a diversion will be put in place to allow access to CERN from Entrance B (as shown in the attached sketch). In addition, approx. 20 car parking spaces will be temporarily unavailable at the western end of the flags car park. We thank you in advance for your kind understanding. ______________ *) The exact end date of the work will be communicated in due course. GS-SEM Group

  18. Technical Benefits of Tram Vehicle Energy Accumulator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zbigniew Drazek

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Energy saving effects connected with use of energy accumulator on board of tram vehicle instead of substation are presented. Differences in results regarding weak and strong power supply system when taking into account energy losses and energy recuperation are pointed out. Running mode and energy changed from substation by a tram vehicle with accumulator is compared to a tram vehicle without on-board accumulator but supplied from substation equipped with energy accumulator.

  19. An Arterial Signal Coordination Optimization Model for Trams Based on Modified AM-BAND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yangfan Zhou

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Modern trams are developing fast because of their characteristics like medium capability and energy saving. Exclusive way is always set in practice to avoid interruption from general vehicles, while trams have to stop at intersections frequently due to signal rules in the road network. Therefore, signal optimization has great effects on operational efficiency of trams system. In this paper, an arterial signal coordination optimization model is proposed for trams progression based on the Asymmetrical Multi-BAND (AM-BAND method. The AM-BAND is modified from the following aspects. Firstly, BAM-BAND is developed by supplementing active bandwidth constraints to AM-BAND. Assisted by the IBM ILOG CPLEX Optimization Studio, two arterial signals plans with eight intersections are achieved from AM-BAND and BAM-BAND for comparison. Secondly, based on the modified BAM-BAND, a BAM-TRAMBAND model is presented, which incorporates three constraints regarding tram operations, including dwell time at stations, active signal priority, and minimum bandwidth value. The case study and VISSIM simulation results show that travel times of trams decrease with signal plan from BAM-TRAMBAND comparing with the original signal plan. Moreover, traffic performance indicators such as stops and delay are improved significantly.

  20. Introducing International Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    Geneva is variously known as the city of peace, the world’s smallest metropolis and a place where great ideas have taken form. It has been the home to philosophers such as Rousseau and Voltaire. It was the centre of the Calvinist reformation and birthplace of the Red Cross.   I hardly need to tell you that it is also a city of great international collaboration in science. Little wonder, then, that over the years, Geneva has developed into the world’s capital of internationalism in the broadest sense of the word. Yet while we all know of the existence of modern day International Geneva, how many of us really know what it does? Here at CERN, we’re about to find out. Next week sees the first in a series of talks at the Laboratory from the heads of some of the institutions that make up International Geneva. On Friday, 20 February, it will be my pleasure to introduce you to Michael Møller, Acting Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva (UNO...

  1. Low-Environmental Impact Tram Vehicle Study

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report provides an assessment of the range of low-environmental impact tram vehicles that could be used at National Wildlife Refuges and public lands throughout...

  2. Poems From Geneva

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>A Three-legged Chair in Geneva Standing high, it keeps you in a constant worry Lest it should fall instantly or turn over any time Though the hills and lake are as charming as a dream Yet on its sight, you seem to view a warning of danger

  3. Geneva University - Cancelled

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2010-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVA 4 Tel: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 19 April 2010 17h00 - Stückelberg Auditorium Into the darkness: Simulating the distribution of dark matter in our Universe Prof. Volker Springel - Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies   THE COLLOQUIUM IS CANCELLED. Prof. Markus Büttiker

  4. From Noyon to Geneva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.A. Dreyer

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article contains a brief biography of John Calvin. It serves as an introduction to the publication of the Conventus Reformatus on the occasion of celebrating Calvin’s birth 500 years ago. The article follows Calvin’s life, from his birth in Noyon until his death in Geneva. The focus is on persons and events which had a substantial influence on Calvin. Calvin’s theology is discussed in other contributions in this publication.

  5. Dutch School in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    2011-01-01

    The Dutch School in Geneva organizes Dutch education for children in the primary and secondary school. For the school year 2011-2012 the Dutch School in Geneva is looking for qualified part time teachers Dutch for the primary and secondary school. If you are interested, please send your application and curriculum vitae in Dutch by email to the NTC coordinator, Mrs. Anne Saeys (anne.saeys@free.fr). More info : www.ntcgeneve.info De vereniging Nederlandse Taal en Cultuur De Taalfontein, kortweg NTC Genève, is een oudervereniging, die tot doel heeft de Nederlandse taal en de Nederlandse en Vlaamse cultuur in de regio Genève te stimuleren. Dit geschiedt d.m.v. het organiseren van Nederlandse les voor leerlingen zowel in het basisonderwijs als het voortgezet onderwijs. Voor het volgende schooljaar zoekt NTC parttime docenten (M/V) vanaf 2 uur per week, zowel voor het Primair Onderwijs als voor het Voortgezet Onderwijs, met name voor de IB-opleiding. Voor het Primair Onderwijs dienen ge&...

  6. Geneva 24 hours swim

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    The 18th edition of the Geneva 24 hours swim competition will take place at the Vernets Swimming Pool on the 4th and 5th of October. More information and the results of previous years are given at: http://www.carouge-natation.com/24_heures/home_24_heures.htm Last year, CERN obtained first position in the inter-company category with a total of 152.3 kms swam by 45 participants. We are counting on your support to repeat this excellent performance this year. For those who would like to train, the Livron swimming pool in Meyrin is open as from Monday the 8th September. For further information please do not hesitate to contact us. Gino de Bilio and Catherine Delamare

  7. Geneva 24 Hours Swim

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The 18th edition of the Geneva 24 hours swim competition will take place at the Vernets Swimming Pool on the 4th and 5th of October. More information and the results of previous years are given at: http://www.carouge-natation.com/24_heures/home_24_heures.htm Last year, CERN obtained first position in the inter-company category with a total of 152.3 kms swam by 45 participants. We are counting on your support to repeat this excellent performance this year. For those who would like to train, the Livron swimming pool in Meyrin is open as from Monday the 8th September. For further information please do not hesitate to contact us. Gino de Bilio and Catherine Delamare

  8. TEDGlobal>Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni

    2015-01-01

    On Tuesday 8 December, a TEDGlobal Conference took place at the Bâtiment des Forces Motrices (BFM) in downtown Geneva.   Charlotte Lindberg Warakaulle, Director for International Relations at CERN, speaking at the workshop for TEDx organisers held at CERN (Image: Laetitia Gessler)  Curated by Bruno Giussani, the TED European Director, it was the first official TED event to take place in Switzerland. Under the theme “Critical Junctures” the program, which was unknown to the audience beforehand, featured two sessions and more than a dozen speakers. Among them were voices from local residents whose work has worldwide impact, such as the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Antonio Guterres; Swiss neurosurgeon Jocelyne Bloch; Head of the Biorobotics Laboratory at EPFL, Auke Ijspeert; Founder of Apelab, Emilie Joly; and National Geographic explorer, Sarah Marquis. CERN was represented by a particle physicist from the LHCb collab...

  9. Geneva international synergies

    CERN Document Server

    2010-01-01

    Geneva has a long history of hosting international organizations, which is part of the reason why CERN is here, and it makes the canton an ideal place to forge links between such organizations. Over recent weeks, CERN has signed agreements with the ITU, WIPO and the WMO. At first sight, there may not seem to be much common ground between CERN and, say, the World Meteorological Organization, but scratch the surface, and you’ll soon find a common thread. All of these organizations have a vocation to stimulate technological innovation, and together we’re stronger.   Let’s start with ITU, the International Telecommunications Union. There, the synergies are evident. When ITU organized the World Summit on the Information Society in 2003, CERN provided a significant side event examining the Role of Science in the Information Society. The current agreement builds on that, allowing our two organizations to work together on important societal issues such as the extension of b...

  10. External meeting: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Ecole de physique 24 quai Ernest Ansermet 1211 GENEVA 4 Tel: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 19 June 2006 17:00-Stückelberg Auditorium Quantum Optics and Quantum Information Processing with Superconducting Circuits Prof. A. Wallraff /ETH Zürich I will describe recent experiments with superconducting circuits in which we have demonstrated the coherent interaction of a two-level system and a single mode of a cavityfield. Such a feat was previously only realizable in atomic cavity quantum electrodynamics experiments. In our circuit we have generated coherent superpositions between asingle photon and a single superconducting qubit and have used photons to perform a quantum non-demolition measurement of the state of the qubit. This new regime ofmatter-light interaction in a circuit, allows us to both perform state of the art quantum optics experiments and to realize new elements for a quantum information processor. For additional information and publications please visit: http://www.solid.phys....

  11. Development & Implementation of Electric Tram System with Wireless Charging Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DongHo Cho

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an electric tram system with a wireless power transfer system based on SMFIR technology is presented. The detailed technology of power-line infra, regulator, and pick-up device is described for train application, respectively. Furthermore, implementation and experimental results for wireless power transfer electric tram are presented

  12. Monitoring of free TRAM flaps with microdialysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Udesen, A; Løntoft, E; Kristensen, S R

    2000-02-01

    The aim of this investigation was to follow the metabolism of free TRAM flaps using microdialysis. Microdialysis is a new sampling technique that provide opportunities to follow the biochemistry in specific organs or tissues. A double-lumen microdialysis catheter or probe, with a dialysis membrane at the end, is introduced into the specific tissue. Perfusion fluid is slowly pumped through the catheter and equilibrates across the membrane with surrounding extracellular concentrations of low molecular weight substances. The dialysate is collected in microvials and analyzed by an instrument using very small volumes. Glucose, glycerol, and lactate concentrations were measured in the flaps and compared with those in a reference catheter that was placed subcutaneously in the femur. The investigation continued 72 hr postoperatively. The study group consisted of 14 women who underwent reconstruction with a free TRAM flap, and one woman with a double TRAM flap. During flap ischemia, the concentration of glucose was reduced, while the lactate and glycerol levels increased. The differences between the flaps and controls were statistically highly significant. After reperfusion of the flaps, the concentrations of glucose, lactate, and glycerol approached normal. One flap failed because of an arterial anastomosis thrombosis. This was clearly demonstrated by the samples from the microdialysis: the concentration of glucose fell to an unmeasurable level; the concentration of lactate increased for a period before it stopped due to lack of glucose; and the concentration of glycerol increased to a very high level, probably because ischemia caused damage to the cell membranes of which glycerol is an important part. The authors concluded that microdialysis can detect ischemia in free flaps at an early stage, making early surgical intervention possible.

  13. DEVELOPMENT OF TRAM TRAFFIC IN THE CITY OF OSIJEK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Dimter

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The need for the introduction of trams in Osijek in the late 19th century was largely due to the poor connectivity between the areas of the city and the growing development of the city. Tram transport was an extremely important step in connecting and modernizing the city and a key step in the integration of the still unconnected areas of the city, a role it has played throughout history. From its beginnings, the residents of Osijek have been intricately connected to the tram, which has had a role in the modernization of the city and is today regarded as a symbol of the city. As a means of public transport, in Croatia, the tram is now used only in Zagreb and Osijek. Today, many cities around the world have reintroduced trams as a public transport system, and Osijek is one of the few “small” cities that can boast of its continuous existence and expansion. This paper describes the development and current state of tram traffic in Osijek as a contribution to the celebrations of the anniversary of the introduction of the electric tram in the city.

  14. [Bone health in Geneva retirees].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biver, E; Durosier, C; Chevalley, T; Rizzoli, R; Ferrari, S

    2015-03-18

    GERICO (Geneva Retirees Cohort) is a cohort of 953 men and women recruited at the age of 65 in Canton of Geneva, Switzerland, providing a picture of bone health at retirement time. Despite few comorbidities and good nutritional intake and vitamin D status, 30% of subjects have a history of vertebral or clinical fracture after the age of 45, 20% of women and 11% of men have osteoporosis assessed by DXA. 22% have a 10-year probability of a major osteoporotic fracture assessed by FRAX greater than 15%, -i.e. the current intervention thresholds recommended in this age-class in Switzerland. Nevertheless, only 1.4% subject benefits of an anti-osteoporotic drug. These data underscore the importance of primary and secondary prevention of osteoporosis and fractures in healthy elderly at time of retirement.

  15. From The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance to The Geneva Risk and Insurance Review

    OpenAIRE

    Louberge, Henri

    2015-01-01

    The Geneva Risk and Insurance Review celebrates in 2016 its 40th year of existence. Yes. But it must be recalled that about half of these 40 years occurred under a different name—The Geneva Papers on Risk and Insurance. For a long time, the fate of the journal was very closely linked to the development of “The Geneva Association”.

  16. International Geneva comes to CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2015-01-01

    To strengthen even more its links with the United Nations and the world of multilateral diplomacy, CERN is launching a new series of seminars aiming to introduce other international organisations to CERN’s internal audience. The Director-General of the United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG) will lead the way with a seminar on 20 February. You are all invited to take part.   Although everybody knows where the Palais des Nations is, not everybody has visited it and even fewer people know about the complex mechanisms that make the UN work. On 20 February, Mr Michael Møller, Acting Director-General of UNOG, will discuss the topics that the international organisation par excellence deals with every day, its relationship with the headquarters in New York and the challenges that lie ahead, as well as the cooperation between UNOG and CERN. Since 2010, CERN has considerably strengthened its relationships with the other international organisations in Geneva and beyond. Cooperation Ag...

  17. International conference centre, Geneva, Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    PH Department

    2009-01-01

    On 16-17 March 2009 the Energy Pact Foundation will be holding the Energy Pact Conference in Geneva. The Conference is organised with the support of the Republic and Canton of Geneva and has the Financial Times as its media partner. It will address for the first time in a comprehensive and integrated manner the key issues of energy needs and environmental and developmental challenges. Some 800 stakeholders and experts on these issues are expected. These will include high-level government officials, opinion leaders and representatives from the United Nations, NGOs, industry, civil society and the academic world. Gerhard Schröder, former Chancellor of Germany, will chair the Conference. Speakers with different backgrounds and expertise will include Dr. Carlo Rubia, Nobel Prize Winner, Ali Al-Naimi, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources of Saudi Arabia, Gholam Hossein Nozari, Oil Minister of Iran, Gary Ross, CEO of PIRA Energy, a world-renowned energy market specialist, Ashok Khosla, President of the In...

  18. The Geneva site is selected in 1952

    CERN Multimedia

    1953-01-01

    Geneva was selected as the site for the CERN Laboratory at the Third Council Session in Amsterdam in October 1952. This choice was approved by a referendum in the Canton of Geneva in June 1953, by 16 539 votes to 7332.

  19. Unique characteristics of Geneva apple rootstocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Geneva® apple rootstock breeding program has been operating since the early 1970’s. It is a unique program in that it had access to important germplasm resources that later became the USDA ARS apple collection in Geneva, NY. This genetic diversity allowed for the achievement of one of the proj...

  20. The sophisticated control of the tram bogie on track

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radovan DOLECEK

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the problems of routing control algorithms of new conception of tram vehicle bogie. The main goal of these research activities is wear reduction of rail wheels and tracks, wear reduction of traction energy losses and increasing of running comfort. The testing experimental tram vehicle with special bogie construction powered by traction battery is utilized for these purposes. This vehicle has a rotary bogie with independent rotating wheels driven by permanent magnets synchronous motors and a solid axle. The wheel forces in bogie are measured by large amounts of the various sensors placed on the testing experimental tram vehicle. Nowadays the designed control algorithms are implemented to the vehicle superset control system. The traction requirements and track characteristics have an effect to these control algorithms. This control including sophisticated routing brings other improvements which is verified and corrected according to individual traction and driving characteristics, and opens new possibilities.

  1. Extended TRAM flap: feasibility study on fresh human cadavers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zenn, Michael R; Heitmann, Christoph

    2003-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of a superiorly based TRAM flap for breast reconstruction with its superior border abutting the inframammary fold. This flap would have a primary blood supply from the superior epigastric vessels, similar to a free flap attached to the mammary system. This flap, however, would not require microsurgery. Instead, it would have its superior epigastric pedicle lengthened by partial rib resection. Donor site closure would be accomplished by reverse abdominoplasty and the donor scar hidden in the inframammary fold. The surgical anatomy of such an extended TRAM flap (eTRAM) was investigated by cannulation of the internal mammary artery (IMA) in 10 fresh human cadavers bilaterally, injection with latex, and then dissection throughout its intrathoracic course. At the level of the third intercostal space, the mean external diameters of the right and left IMA were found to be 2.5 mm and 2.3 mm, respectively. The diameter of the vessel decreased until the IMA bifurcated into the superior epigastric artery and the musculophrenic artery, usually at the sixth intercostal space. The superior epigastric artery, having a mean diameter of 1.6 mm at its origin, descended caudally behind the seventh costal cartilage and could be followed until it entered the posterior rectus sheath and the rectus abdominis muscle. On its downward course, it was not embedded in the diaphragm muscle and was easily separated without violation of the thoracic cavity. From this anatomic study, it seems to be possible to raise an eTRAM after partial rib resection. Some technical considerations of such a flap are discussed. This modification of the TRAM would be helpful to surgeons commonly performing pedicled TRAM flaps and might extend its applicability beyond breast reconstruction to chest wall, intrathoracic, and head and neck reconstruction.

  2. Breast Reconstruction Using Tram Flap: Prospective Outcome and Complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Homayoon Zehtab

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Background:The transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous TRAM flap remains the gold standard for postmastectomy reconstruction either immediate or delayed.However,transfer of TRAM flap can be associated with donor site morbidities and complications in flap.A successful reconstruction consists of careful patient selection, surgical technique and meticulous preoperative planning.This study was designed to evaluate outcome and complications of breast reconstruction with TRAM flap in association with patient conditions and risk factors, prospectively. Methods: Breast reconstruction was performed in 44 women consecutively,using the TRAM flap during a 3-year period, 1999–2002. Modified radical mastectomy accompanying immediate reconstructions with TRAM flap was performed for 12 patients and delayed reconstruction was used for other patients with previous mastectomy. Results: The mean age of the patients was 40.41±4.43 years. Thirty (68.18% patients had comorbidities, consisting of radiation therapy, obesity, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking and abdominal scar. Contralateral and ipsilateral TRAM flaps were used in 26(59.09% and 14(31.81% reconstructions, respectively. The abdominal defect was repaired in layers with the use of synthetic mesh in 30(68.18% patients. The overall complication rate was 31.82%, such as fat necrosis (15.91%, partial flap loss (13.64%, etc. Satisfaction rates were excellent in 10 (22.72%, good in 25 (56.82%, moderate in five (11.36%, and poor in four (9.09% patients. The mean of postoperative inpatient hospital days were 15.18±4.89 and 14.28±6.52 in patients with contralateral and ipsilateral flaps,respectively (p>0.05.A significant association was observed between overall complications and comorbidities. Partial flap loss and fat necrosis was associated with smoking, and abdominal hernia was associated with obesity marginally.Conclusions:The outcome of breast reconstruction using TRAM flap is similar by

  3. Geneva University - Events in March

    CERN Multimedia

    Geneva University

    2010-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVA 4 Tel: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 8 March 2010 PHYSICS COLLOQUIUM at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Gravitational lensing: an astrophysical tool Prof. Georges Meylan École Polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) - Observatoire de Sauverny The total solar eclipse of 1919 unveiled the gravitational lens nature of our Sun. The next example of another gravitational lens was discovered in 1979. Originally considered as a mere curiosity, gravitational lensing has matured, during the last two decades, into a genuine astrophysical tool, used in a large variety of problems, from planet search to the quest for the most distant galaxies. We shall present cosmological results obtained at EPFL about (i) strong lensing and time delays, related to the measurements of the Hubble constant ; (ii) micro lensing...

  4. Recommandations from the Geneva Police Department

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The Swiss Permanent Mission in Geneva has informed CERN that the recommendations of the Geneva Police Department relating to the prevention of crime are available on the Internet at the following URL: http://www.geneve.ch/police/prevention/. On another prevention-related matter, the Mission has sent a communiqué regarding theft committed by bogus policemen in Geneva. This communiqué can be consulted in the 'Miscellanea' section of the Relations with the Host States Service's website. Relations with the Host States Service Tel.: 72848 relations.secretariat@cern.ch www.cern.ch/relations

  5. Reduction of Impact Noise of Trams on a Major Bridge

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dittrich, M.G.; Bosshaart, C.; Wessels, P.W.

    2015-01-01

    As part of a recent renovation of the Erasmus bridge in Rotterdam, improvements were made to reduce impact noise caused by trams passing a series of rai! joints. The bridge inciudes several different sections inciuding a bascule bridge and is in an inner city tocation with new adjacent apartment bui

  6. TRAM flap in reconstructive operations in patients with breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. D. Zikiryakhodzhaev

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The treatment of breast cancer (BC is a relevant problem. Surgery is a key treatment method for BC. The volume of its operations varies from radical mastectomies to lumpectomies and, in the areas of regional metastases, from three-level lymphadenectomy to sentinel lymph node biopsy. Objective: to assess whether a displaced TRAM flap may be used for reconstructive operations for BC. The paper presents some experience in treating 11 BC patients in whom a displaced TRAMP flap was employed for reconstruction. At this time, the displaced TRAM flap was applied for delayed reconstruction in 3 patients. The mean age of the patients was 45.5 ± 15.7 years. In 8 BC patients undergoing one-stage reconstruction with a displaced TRAM flap, the treatment schedule was as follows: surgical treatment in 1 patient, combined treatment in 2 patients, and multimodality treatment in 5. The patients received targeted therapy in 3 cases or hormone therapy in 6. A lower abdominal skin-and-fat flap on one vascular pedicle was used in all the 11 patients.Indications for using a displaced TRAM flap were determined; complications were analyzed. The percentage of complications due to the use of a displaced TRAM flap was 9.1 % in our study.To reduce the rate of complications after breast reconstruction with a displaced TRAM flap, we carefully selected patients for this choiceof a plastic component. The displaced TRAM flap is one of the variants for delayed breast reconstruction despite its duration and complexity. Corrective surgery is further used to achieve breast symmetry. Corrective operations, namely, breast liposuction and submammary fold formation, were performed in 2 patients. For full breast recovery, the nipple-areolar complex is to be formed following skin-sparing mastectomies and delayed breast reconstructions. The cosmetic effect was evaluated in 11 patients as excellent in 4 (36.4 % cases, good in 7 (63.6 %. Neither local recurrences nor distant

  7. ROTARY DAY AT THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE IN GENEVA

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2017-01-01

    We have been informed about the Rotary day at the United Nations office in Geneva. Join us on November 10th & 11th, 2017 at the United Nations office Avenue de la Paix 8-14 1211 Geneva, Switzerland   PEACE: MAKING A DIFFERENCE! Conflict and violence displace millions of people each year. Half of those killed in conflict are children, and 90 percent are civilians. We, Rotarians, refuse conflict as a way of life. But how can we contribute to Peace? And what about you? Are you keen on meeting exceptional individuals and exchanging ideas to move forward? Would you like to network and collaborate with Rotarians, Government Representatives, International Civil Servants, Representatives of Nongovernmental Organizations and Liberal Professions, Businessmen/women, and Students to make a difference in Peace? In November 2017, come to Geneva, get involved, and formulate recommendations to the international community. Together, we’ll celebrate Rotary&a...

  8. Project CarGO tram at Dresden; Projekt CarGo Tram in Dresden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller-Eberstein, F.; Franke, M. [Dresdner Verkehrsbetriebe AG, Dresden (Germany)

    2000-05-01

    Next year, the Glassen Volkswagen Factory, which is currently under construction, will commence the production of luxury class automobiles. Already buying a car is meant to be a special event; thus the factory is set in a baroque environment, near the famous Semper Opera and Picture Gallery. This arrangement, hitherto without example, will be accompanied by another, equally remarkable project. The factory, which is situated in a central city area being very sensitive in terms of urban development and traffic installations, will be delivered raw materials and parts using a CarGo Tram. Two bi-directionally operated, 60 metres long five-car trains will transport the parts from the railway cargo hub at Dresden Friedrichstadt to the factory in cycles of 40 minutes. There and at the Glassen Factory in Grosser Garten, separate track terminals will be built. In addition to the historic past and the charming scenery of the Elbe metropolis Dresden and its environs, soon also the CarGo Tram and the Glassen Factory will attract guests from all over the world to visit this innovative and culturally important city in the centre of Europe. (orig.) [German] Im Jahr 2001 beginnt die Produktion von Automobilen der Oberklasse in der derzeit noch im Bau befindlichen Glaesernen Manufaktur der Volkswagen Automobil-Manufaktur Dresden GmbH. In einem barocken Umfeld, mit raeumlicher Naehe zur Semperoper und Gemaeldegalerie, soll bereits der Verkauf dieser Fahrzeuge zu einem Erlebnis werden. Dieses bisher einmalige Vorhaben wird von einem zweiten, ebenso einzigartigen Vorhaben begleitet. Die Belieferung der in einem staedtebaulich und verkehrlich sensiblen Innenstadtbereich gelegenen Manufaktur erfolgt mit einer Gueterstrassenbahn. Zwei 60 Meter lange, fuenfteilige Zweirichtungsfahrzeuge werden ab Maerz 2001 etwa im 40-Minutentakt die Anlieferung der Zulieferteile aus dem Gueterverkehrszentrum Dresden-Friedrichstadt uebernehmen. Hier und an der Glaesernen Manufaktur im Grossen Garten werden

  9. Getting to know international Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    Over recent years, CERN has been tightening its links with fellow organisations in Geneva’s vibrant international community.   This has brought home to me just how important it is for such a diverse group of international organisations to be located in the same place as CERN. In some cases, the relevance to CERN’s missions is clear, and for a few, the links go way back. When the International Telecommunication Union organised the World Summit on the Information Society in 2003, for example, it was natural for CERN to get involved with a side event on the Role of Science in the Information Society. And similarly, it is clear that we have a strong stake in the work of organisations such as the World Intellectual Property Organization, and that our infrastructure makes the partnership with UNOSAT a natural fit. But what of the other international organisations, around 30 of them, or the 250 NGOs that are based here? The acting head of the United Nations Office at Geneva, Mic...

  10. Geneva University - Particle Physics seminar

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2011-01-01

    UNIVERSITE DE GENEVE Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Geneva 4 Tel. (022) 379 62 73 Fax (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 8 June 2011 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium A Novel Experiment for the Search muon -> eee Prof. Andre Schoening, University of Heidelberg The absence of lepton-flavor changing processes, like the non-observation of the radiative decay mu -> e gamma, has been a miracle since the dawn of the Standard Model of Particle Physics and lead to the introduction of the concept of lepton family numbers. Several experiments in the last decade have shown clear evidence for neutrino oscillations. The neutrino mixing angles measured are known to be large. However, the discovery of lepton flavor violating (LFV) effects in the charged lepton sector is yet owing. After motivating the search for LFV in general I will discuss the physics potential of a search m...

  11. Update on Breast Reconstruction Using Free TRAM, DIEP, and SIEA Flaps

    OpenAIRE

    Chevray, Pierre M.

    2004-01-01

    Breast reconstruction using autologous tissue is commonly accomplished using the transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap. The establishment of microvascular surgery led to the development of the free TRAM flap because of its increased vascularity and decreased rectus abdominis sacrifice. The muscle-sparing free TRAM, DIEP, and SIEA flap techniques followed in an effort to decrease abdominal donor site morbidity by decreasing injury to the rectus abdominis muscle and fascia. Data ...

  12. Abdominal Closure after TRAM Flap Breast Reconstruction with Transversus Abdominis Muscle Release and Mesh

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avendano-Peza, Héctor; Novitsky, Yuri W.

    2016-01-01

    Summary: Breast reconstruction with a pedicled transverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) flap can result in significant abdominal wall donor-site morbidity. Although the pedicled TRAM flap donor area reinforced with mesh results in decreased rates of postoperative abdominal bulging and hernias, the best technique to accomplish that is yet to be elucidated. We present our novel technique of posterior components separation with transversus abdominis muscle release and retromuscular mesh reinforcement for donor-area closure during pedicled TRAM flap breast reconstruction.

  13. [Pedicled versus free TRAM flap for breast reconstruction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galla, T J; Lukas, B; Feller, A M

    1999-03-01

    In breast reconstruction, the free TRAM-flap offers many advantages over the pedicled TRAM-flap. Due to its superior perfusion, the free flap rarely develops necrosis. Shaping of the flap is easier due to the lack of the thick muscle pedicle. Because the rectus muscle is spared, there is minimal donor site morbidity. However, the necessary microvascular anastomoses reduced the acceptance of the free TRAM-flap. During a 13-months period, 51 breast reconstructions were performed in 41 patients, 31 unilateral and ten bilateral. 45 flaps served for delayed reconstruction and six flaps for immediate reconstruction. The operations were performed by two teams working simultaneously. The average operating time was 3.9 hours for unilateral and 6.9 hours for bilateral delayed reconstruction. For immediate reconstruction, 6.2 and 6.3 hours were required for uni- and bilateral procedures, respectively. In 38 flaps, the thoracodorsal vessels served as recipient vessels; 13 flaps were anastomosed to the internal mammary artery and vein. Postoperative complications were observed in 13 patients. Three vessel anastomoses had to be revised. In one flap, a partial necrosis occurred; in two flaps hematoma evacuation was necessary. Two patients suffered from fat necroses at the abdomen and one umbilicus was lost. Skin irritations and seromas at the abdomen occurred in five patients. Pulmonary embolism was diagnosed in one patient three weeks postoperatively. Abdominal hernias or bulging in the epigastric area were not observed up to 15 months after reconstruction. These results reveal a low complication rate for breast reconstruction with the free TRAM-flap. The advantages of this technique as compared to the pedicled technique are discussed.

  14. Conserved TRAM Domain Functions as an Archaeal Cold Shock Protein via RNA Chaperone Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Zhang

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Cold shock proteins (Csps enable organisms to acclimate to and survive in cold environments and the bacterial CspA family exerts the cold protection via its RNA chaperone activity. However, most Archaea do not contain orthologs to the bacterial csp. TRAM, a conserved domain among RNA modification proteins ubiquitously distributed in organisms, occurs as an individual protein in most archaeal phyla and has a structural similarity to Csp proteins, yet its biological functions remain unknown. Through physiological and biochemical studies on four TRAM proteins from a cold adaptive archaeon Methanolobus psychrophilus R15, this work demonstrated that TRAM is an archaeal Csp and exhibits RNA chaperone activity. Three TRAM encoding genes (Mpsy_0643, Mpsy_3043, and Mpsy_3066 exhibited remarkable cold-shock induced transcription and were preferentially translated at lower temperature (18°C, while the fourth (Mpsy_2002 was constitutively expressed. They were all able to complement the cspABGE mutant of Escherichia coli BX04 that does not grow in cold temperatures and showed transcriptional antitermination. TRAM3066 (gene product of Mpsy_3066 and TRAM2002 (gene product of Mpsy_2002 displayed sequence-non-specific RNA but not DNA binding activity, and TRAM3066 assisted RNases in degradation of structured RNA, thus validating the RNA chaperone activity of TRAMs. Given the chaperone activity, TRAM is predicted to function beyond a Csp.

  15. CERN lands a slot at Geneva Airport

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    From left to right:Carlo Lamprecht, Luciano Maiani and Jean-Pierre Jobin. When you step off your plane at Geneva Airport there's a good chance you'll come face-to-face with an advertising hoarding bearing the message 'CERN, the world's largest particle physics research laboratory, where the World Wide Web was born...five minutes from here'. This may be obvious to you, but it certainly isn't to the majority of the 7 million travellers who pass through the gates of Geneva Airport every year. On the initiative of the Chairman of its Board of Directors, State Councillor Carlo Lamprecht, Geneva International Airport has therefore come up with the idea of highlighting CERN's presence by giving the Laboratory its own hoarding. The hoarding was inaugurated on 24 May by Carlo Lamprecht, Airport Director Jean-Pierre Jobin and CERN Director-General Luciano Maiani.

  16. Work on the Geneva motorway bypass

    CERN Multimedia

    État de Genève, DCTI, Direction du génie civil

    2006-01-01

    Work on the airport section of the Geneva motorway bypass is continuing and will require the temporary closure of two sliproads allowing traffic to make a U-turn near the airport and the Palexpo exhibition centre. The sliproads on the French and Lausanne sides will be closed until autumn 2006. U-turns will still be possible via clearly marked deviations. For further information: www.autoroute-aeroport.ch We would like to thank you in advance for your understanding. Civil Engineering Department, DCTI, State of Geneva

  17. Geneva University honours two CERN staff members

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    Albert Hofmann Steve Myers On 8 June, two CERN staff members will receive Geneva University's highest distinction. On the proposal of the University's particle physicists, Steve Myers and Albert Hoffmann, who orchestrated LEP commissioning and operation and were instrumental in its success, will awarded the distinction of doctor honoris causa. The ceremony, interspersed with musical interludes, will be followed by a formal reception and is open to all. The Uni Dufour car park will be free to members of the public attending the ceremony. 8 June 2001 at 10.00 a.m. Uni Dufour, Auditoire Piaget 24, rue Général Dufour, Geneva.

  18. University of Geneva | Conferences in November

    CERN Multimedia

    2015-01-01

    To celebrate the 20th anniversary of Michel Mayor and Didier Quelozof's discovery of the first extrasolar planet, the University of Geneva is organising a lecture featuring the two astrophysicists | On the occasion of the centenary of General Relativity, NCCR SwissMAP together with the mathematics and physics departments of the University of Geneva is organising a series of 4 colloquia.   Lecture in French. For more information, click here. Conferences in French (except on 24 November). For more information, click here.

  19. Geneva summit aims to bridge 'digital divide'

    CERN Multimedia

    Williams, F

    2003-01-01

    "With almost all the political hurdles swept aside in negotiations last weekend, the huge World Summit on the Information Society that opens in Geneva today will be clearly focused on its initial objective - boosting the use of information and communication technologies in the developing world" (1 page).

  20. Geneva Smitherman: Translingualist, Code-Mesher, Activist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durst, Russel K.

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the work of Geneva Smitherman, its contribution to the development of composition studies, and its relation to recent scholarship on translingualism and code-meshing. Analyzing her prodigious output in relation to these contemporary studies of language diversity and writing instruction, the article considers Smitherman's…

  1. Expanding Your Horizons Conference in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Chromek-Burckhart, Doris

    2011-01-01

    CERN and its experiments participated in Expanding Your Horizons (EYH) in Science and Mathematics conference in Geneva on 12th November. EYH nurture girls' interest in science and math courses to encourage them to consider careers in science, technology, engineering, and math.

  2. The worksite for the tram-line reaches CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    The civil-engineering work for the tram-line outside CERN starts on 16 February. The zones affected by the work. The darkest line represents the part of the road where the work will be carried out between March and July 2009.The worksite for the section of tram-line between Meyrin-Village and CERN is entering a new phase. The contractors are to begin by upgrading the underground pipelines to comply with the installation requirements for the tramline track. The next stage will be to install the track itself, which will entail a complete reconstruction of the roadway. In the coming weeks a roundabout will be created in front of Gate A, which will allow CERN personnel travelling towards Saint-Genis-Pouilly to exit via Gate A rather than having to use the car park where the flags are as a thoroughfare. Once the roundabout is complete, it is planned to prohibit direct access to the Route de Meyrin at Gate B via this car park to all traffic ...

  3. International Geneva: intellectual property under the spotlight

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2015-01-01

    On 17 July, the Director-General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), Francis Gurry, will present his organisation to CERN people. You are invited to take part and discover the UN’s specialised agency for services, policy, information and cooperation relating to intellectual property.   This is the third in the “International Geneva comes to CERN” series of seminars, which presents other Geneva-based international organisations to CERN’s internal audience. In his seminar, Gurry will discuss how WIPO finds the right balance between the interests of innovators and the wider public and how the IP system aims to foster an environment in which creativity and innovation can flourish. In 2010, CERN and WIPO signed a collaboration agreement designed to strengthen the partnership between the two organisations. The agreement focused on four main areas for cooperation, namely: capacity building, awareness raising and knowledge sharing; tra...

  4. CERN celebrates 50 years in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Exploring the mysteries of the universe is too vast an undertaking for any one laboratory or nation. Over the past 50 years, CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, has drawn together physicists froma ll over the world into this great scientific adventure. in doing so, it has become a symbol of what peaceful international collaboration can accomplish. For many, it is also a symbol of the special international spirit of Geneva (2 pages)

  5. The TIR-domain containing adaptor TRAM is required for TLR7 mediated RANTES production.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enda Shevlin

    Full Text Available Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7 plays a vital role in the immune response to ssRNA viruses such as human rhinovirus (HRV and Influenza, against which there are currently no treatments or vaccines with long term efficacy available. Clearly, a more comprehensive understanding of the TLR7 signaling axis will contribute to its molecular targeting. TRIF related adaptor molecule (TRAM plays a vital role in TLR4 signaling by recruiting TRIF to TLR4, followed by endosomal trafficking of the complex and initiation of IRF3 dependent type I interferon production as well as NF-κB dependent pro-inflammatory cytokine production. Towards understanding the molecular mechanisms that regulate TLR7 functionality, we found that TRAM(-/- murine macrophages exhibited a transcriptional and translational impairment in TLR7 mediated RANTES, but not TNFα, production. Suppression of TRAM expression in human macrophages also resulted in an impairment in TLR7 mediated CCL5 and IFN-β, but not TNFα, gene induction. Furthermore, suppression of endogenous human TRAM expression in human macrophages significantly impaired RV16 induced CCL5 and IFNβ, but not TNFα gene induction. Additionally, TRAM-G2A dose-dependently inhibited TLR7 mediated activation of CCL5, IFNβ and IFNα reporter genes. TLR7-mediated phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of IRF3 was impaired in TRAM(-/- cells. Finally, co-immunoprecipitation studies indicated that TRAM physically interacts with MyD88 upon TLR7 stimulation, but not under basal conditions. Our results clearly demonstrate that TRAM plays a, hitherto unappreciated, role in TLR7 signaling through a novel signaling axis containing, but not limited to, MyD88, TRAM and IRF3 towards the activation of anti-viral immunity.

  6. UPTF-TRAM experiments for SBLOCA: Evaluation of condensation processes in TRAM tests A6 and A7

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sonneburg, H.G.; Tuunanen, J.; Palazov, V.V. [Gesellschaft fuer Anlagen-und Reaktorsicherheit (GRS), Muenchen (Germany)

    1995-09-01

    The investigation of thermal-hydraulic phenomena related to reactor transients with accident management measures is the goal of the TRansient and accident Management (TRAM) experimental programme being carried out at the Upper Plenum Test Facility (UPTF) at Mannheim (Germany). These experimental investigations and test analyses are funded by the German Federal Minister for Research and Technology (BMFT). The UPTF simulates these phenomena in a 1:1 such relative to the dimension of a PWR. Condensation of steam during Emergency Core Cooling (ECC) water injection from accumulators into the primary system is one of the phenomena studied within the accumulators into the primary system is one of the phenomena studied within the TRAM programme. This phenomenon partly controls the efficiency of accumulator injection if the high pressure safety systems fail. Beside this, the condensation within the nitrogen inside the accumulator for a certain period controls the pressure development inside the accumulator. Thus, both condensation phenomena determine the ECC flow rate delivered to the primary system. Concerning the condensation inside the primary system, this is also of safety relevance in the case of Pressurized Thermal Shock (PTS) during cold leg injection.

  7. Analysis of Conservative Tracer Tests in the Bullfrog, Tram, and Prow Pass Tuffs, 1996 to 1998, Yucca Mountain, Nye County, Nevada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umari, Amjad; Fahy, Michael F.; Earle, John D.; Tucci, Patrick

    2008-01-01

    conducted in the Bullfrog and Tram intervals. Longitudinal dispersivity values in the Bullfrog and Tram Tuffs ranged from 1.83 to 2.6 meters, flow-porosity values from 0.072 to 0.099, and matrix-porosity values from 0.088 to 0.19. The flow-porosity values indicate that the pathways between boreholes UE-25 c#2 and UE-25 c#3 in the Bullfrog and Tram intervals are not connected well. Tracer testing in the Prow Pass interval indicates different transport characteristics than those obtained in the Bullfrog and Tram intervals. In the Prow Pass Tuff, longitudinal dispersivity was 0.27 meter, flow porosity was 4.5 ? 10?4, and matrix porosity was 0.01. This indicates that the flow network in the Prow Pass is dominated by interconnected fractures, whereas in the Bullfrog and Tram, the flow network is dominated by discontinuous fractures with connecting segments of matrix.

  8. Tuning Geneva+Pythia 8 Using Professor 2

    CERN Document Server

    Gellersen, Leif Erik

    2016-01-01

    We study the tuning of the Geneva Monte Carlo framework to LHC data. Geneva improves the predictions for Drell-Yan production by including NNLO QCD corrections and extending the resummation accuracy to NNLL$'$ for 0-jettiness and NLL for 1-jettiness. The partonic results provided by Geneva are interfaced to Pythia 8 for showering including its multiple parton interaction (MPI) model. This allows us to obtain sensible predictions for Underlying Event (UE) sensitive observables too. Retuning Geneva + Pythia 8 to LHC data with the Professor 2 package shows an improved agreement for both UE sensitive and more inclusive observables.

  9. Application of a random effects negative binomial model to examine tram-involved crash frequency on route sections in Melbourne, Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naznin, Farhana; Currie, Graham; Logan, David; Sarvi, Majid

    2016-07-01

    Safety is a key concern in the design, operation and development of light rail systems including trams or streetcars as they impose crash risks on road users in terms of crash frequency and severity. The aim of this study is to identify key traffic, transit and route factors that influence tram-involved crash frequencies along tram route sections in Melbourne. A random effects negative binomial (RENB) regression model was developed to analyze crash frequency data obtained from Yarra Trams, the tram operator in Melbourne. The RENB modelling approach can account for spatial and temporal variations within observation groups in panel count data structures by assuming that group specific effects are randomly distributed across locations. The results identify many significant factors effecting tram-involved crash frequency including tram service frequency (2.71), tram stop spacing (-0.42), tram route section length (0.31), tram signal priority (-0.25), general traffic volume (0.18), tram lane priority (-0.15) and ratio of platform tram stops (-0.09). Findings provide useful insights on route section level tram-involved crashes in an urban tram or streetcar operating environment. The method described represents a useful planning tool for transit agencies hoping to improve safety performance.

  10. Renovation of historic, protected buildings in Geneva

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weber, W.; Haefeli, P.

    2009-07-01

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) reports on work done within the IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Program's Task 37. The objective of SHC Task 37 is to develop a solid knowledge base on how to renovate housings to a very high energy standard and how to develop strategies that support the market penetration of such renovation methods. The report deals with four listed buildings of historical value in Geneva, Switzerland, and examines various aspects of the renovation. These aspects include a discussion of the techniques applied, including internal and external insulation. Simulation methods used and results obtained are discussed. The improvements made are evaluated.

  11. Members of the State Council of Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2002-01-01

    Luncheon hosted by the Director-General for members of the State Council of Geneva: From left to right A. Naudi; J. May; M. Carlo Lamprecht, State Council - Employement, Foreign Office and Economic Departement; M. Robert Hensler, State Chancellor; L. Maiani, CERN Director General; H.F. Hoffmann; M. Robert Cramer, State Council - Environment, Agriculture and Interior Departement; J.Van Der Boon; M. Laurent Moutinot, State Council - Installation, equipment and housing Departement; C. Détraz; C. Wyss; P. Jenni; G. Hentsch; M. Pierre-François Unger, State Council - Health and Social Action Departement; G. Stassinakis; M. Bourquin, CERN Council President.

  12. French Science Festival Comes To Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    From October 15 to 21, two local science communication groups, the Euroscience-Léman and the Passerelle Science-Cité of Geneva University within the framework of the French Fête de la Science will collaborate to offer a huge range of events.  With the theme of food and drink, all sorts of activities will be open to the public. There is something for every taste:  fun activities for young and old alike, science cafes and debates, theatre performances, and a visit to CERN.  For more information go to: Fête de la Science 2001

  13. Remodelación de los colgajos TRAM libres y DIEP Reshaping in free TRAM and DIEP flaps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Fidalgo Rodríguez

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available La reconstrucción mamaria mediante autotrasplante microquirúrgico es la técnica de elección en la mayoría de las pacientes mastectomizadas. Los avances técnicos han permitido el desarrollo del colgajo TRAM libre y posteriormente del Colgajo DIEP como exponentes más representativos del arsenal terapéutico en este campo. Para los cirujanos reconstructores la práctica de estas intervenciones supone un auténtico reto; un reto que ha de convertirse en el quehacer diario de los Servicios de Cirugía Plástica y Reconstructiva, si quieren adaptarse a los tiempos modernos. En nuestro Servicio estas técnicas comienzan a aplicarse en 1999 y desde entonces se han llevado a cabo en 42 casos. Al principio se prestaba mayor atención al desarrollo del proceso microquirúrgico y el cirujano centraba su esfuerzo en la consecución de una sutura óptima que asegurara la supervivencia del colgajo. Una vez conseguido esto, lo demás se consideraba secundario. No obstante nuestra concepción ha cambiado y actualmente centramos el proceso no sólo en lo anterior, sino en la remodelación adecuada del colgajo para dotar a la mama de un aspecto verdaderamente auténtico. En el presente trabajo se exponen una serie de consejos que pueden ser útiles a la hora de concluir la reconstrucción mamaria mediante TRAM libre o DIEP confeccionando una mama de contorno natural, lo más parecida posible a la mama contralateral. Concluimos que en este matiz se encuentra el verdadero éxito de la reconstrucción mamaria.Breast reconstruction through microsurgical autotrasplant is the most common procedure in breast cancer patients. The technical advances have allowed the development of the free TRAM flap (later the DIEP flap, which are the prime examples of the therapeutic material in this field. The implementation of microsurgical techniques has improved the results in breast reconstruction by increasing the survival rate and decreasing the complications. For plastic

  14. Geneva University: seminar of particle physics

    CERN Multimedia

    Geneva University

    2012-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY École de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 9 May 2012 SEMINAR OF PARTICLE PHYSICS 11h15 - Science III, Auditoire 1S081 30 The Search for the Magnetic Monopole Dr Philippe Mermod - University of Geneva, DPNC It has long been realised that the existence of a magnetic monopole would be sufficient to explain the quantisation of electric charge, and to symmetrise Maxwell's equations. Furthermore, the monopole is an essential ingredient in Grand Unification theories. Primordial monopoles would have been produced in the Early Universe and still be present today, either in cosmic rays or trapped in matter. Monopoles of accessible masses would also be pair-produced at high-energy accelerators. Their remarkable properties can be exploited to devise various means of direct detection. After reviewin...

  15. Geneva rootstocks for weak growing scion cultivars like Honeycrisp

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duplicate field trials with ‘Honeycrisp’ apple on 22 rootstocks conducted for 9 years at Geneva, NY (in Western NY State) and Peru, NY (in Northern NY State), showed that two dwarf Geneva® stocks (G.41 and G.11) had good tree survival, superior yield performance to M.9, similar fruit size as M.9 and...

  16. First Django Girls workshop in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Julliard, Laure

    2016-01-01

    A Django girls workshop organised by the R0SEH1PSters community from Geneva and supported by the CERN diversity team and the IT department took place at IdeaSquare on 26th and 27th February. Django Girls is a volunteer-run organisation with hundreds of people contributing to bring more women without prior IT backgrounds to the Python and Django community. Python is a widely used general-purpose and dynamic programming language while Django is a high-level Python Web framework that makes it easier to build better Web apps more quickly and with less code. Over 155 free workshops in 125 cities and 57 countries have been organised worldwide regularly since 2014. The aim of the workshop was to introduce participants to the world of computer programming and technology by teaching them how to successfully create a blog application and deploy it to the internet.

  17. Geneva motorway bypass closed for two nights

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The carriageways heading towards France on the airport section of the motorway will be closed from 8.30 p.m. to 5.00 a.m. in the night of 1 to 2 October and those heading towards Lausanne during the same hours in the night of 2 to 3 October. This is to allow dry-surface road-marking and signage work to be performed. The work will be postponed in the event of bad weather, in which case the new date will be announced on Radio RSR and Radio Lac as well as on the telephone traffic news service 163. Diversions will be in operation. Thank you in advance for your understanding. For further information, tel. 163 or www.autoroute-aeroport.ch Civil Engineering Department, DCTI, State of Geneva

  18. Geneva University: Exploring Flatland with cold atoms

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2012-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY École de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92   Lundi 12 mars 2012 17h00 - Ecole de Physique, Auditoire Stueckelberg « Exploring Flatland with cold atoms » Prof. Jean Dalibard Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, CNRS, Physics Department of Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris In his world-famous novel "Flatland" published in 1884, the English writer Edwin Abbott imagined a social life in a two-dimensional world. With a very original use of geometrical notions, E. Abbott produced a unique satire of his own society. Long after Abbott's visionary allegory, Microscopic Physics has provided a practical path for the exploration of low-dimensional worlds. With the realization of quantum wells for example, it has been possible to produce two-dimensional gases of electrons. The prope...

  19. Geneva University: New frontiers on photodetection

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2012-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92   Vendredi 17 février 2012 SEMINAIRE DE PHYSIQUE CORPUSCULAIRE 14h00 - Auditoire Stückelberg New frontiers on photodetection Dr Carla Aramo / INFN, Sezione di Napoli In the last years the use of new materials and new technologies opened the door to new kind of devices based on the coupling of well known properties of silicon with properties of other materials. In particular carbon material, in the form of carbon nanotubes, has been used to create heterojunction with interesting photoconductivity characteristics. The new photodetectors obtained show to have peculiar and interesting characteristics with quantum efficiency ranging from >35% to >15% in the investigated wavelength interval from near infrared to near ultraviolet region. The device character...

  20. Selection of the Low Floor Tram Systems%低地板有轨电车的选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈穗九

    2013-01-01

    Recently in China, a tram heat wave has been on the rise. In particular, the 100% low floor tram system is a favorite with people. It is thought to represent the development direction of advanced technology. The technology of the 100% low floor tram system is complex, difficult, and with high prices, mostly because of its 100% low floor. If we do not need to be absolutely 100% low floor, then the high-tech is not the way we pursue. Now when we have not thought it through that how this kind of tram system in China does its ticketing in operation and how it sets up a platform, we just decide to introduce it to China, It is obvious that it is with a certain blindness. With large population and management difficulty in China, it should be very careful to copy the foreign country pattern. The selection of the tram systems must make a comprehensive consideration with combination of many aspects, such as the passenger flows' in the region, roads, ticketing, operations and maintenance, spare parts, equipment localization, and etc., so as to achieve the maximum benefits in construction and operation. To this end, I propose that those owners planning to build a tram system can consider the feasibility of replacing 100% low floor tram system with 70% low floor tram system. If you use private road, it is more efficient and cost-effective to adopt the light rail vehicles that use high platforms.

  1. 45 CFR 506.15 - Geneva Convention of August 12, 1949.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Geneva Convention of August 12, 1949. 506.15... War § 506.15 Geneva Convention of August 12, 1949. The Geneva Convention of August 12, 1949, as identified in section 6(f) of the War Claims Act of 1948, as amended, is the “Geneva Convention Relative...

  2. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TRANSPORT ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONING OF WATER TRAMS IN GDAŃSK, BYDGOSZCZ AND KRAKÓW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Miszewska-Urbańsk

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The subject of this work is to identify and juxtapose solutions implemented in transport provided by water trams for the following cities: Gdańsk, Bydgoszcz and Kraków. As a result of the conducted analysis of transport factors, the degree of conformity of project objectives to the actual role of the water tram has been determined. It was found that the Kraków Water Tram (also known as Cracow Water Tram is characterized by the greatest degree of conformity with project objectives. The solutions adopted in the project can be used to develop organizational and functional standards for this type of transport in Poland, since the lack of system solutions and little experience in implementation of water trams resulted in different organizational and technical approaches in their functioning.

  3. The Use of Dermal Autograft for Fascial Repair of TRAM Flap Donor Sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Arab Kheradmand

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Closure of fascia after transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM flap has usually been performed with direct closure or synthetic material. The dermal autograft was removed from zone IV of flap was an alternative to reinforce fascial closure. The dermal autograft was used in 34 patients after TRAM harvest for breast, head and neck reconstruction and Prolene mesh was used in 42 other patients for closure of fascial defect. All patients were followed by physical examinations. Average follow-up in the dermal autograft group was 27.3 versus 20.7 months in the second group. In the dermal autograft group, one patient complained of bulging of the anterior abdominal wall; one developed a wound infection. In the second group, one patients experienced true hernia. Dermal autografts are a useful alternative to mesh repair of fascial defects after TRAM flap harvest.

  4. Metabolism in pedicled and free TRAM flaps: a comparison using the microdialysis technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edsander-Nord, Asa; Röjdmark, Jonas; Wickman, Marie

    2002-02-01

    The most common complication in flap surgery is of a circulatory nature. Impeded blood flow leads to altered metabolism in the tissue. Possible metabolic differences between different zones of the transverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) flap were studied and the metabolism of pedicled and free TRAM flaps was compared intraoperatively and postoperatively. The method used was microdialysis, which is a useful technique for following local metabolic changes continuously in various tissues.Twenty-two patients with a pedicled or free TRAM flap were monitored using the microdialysis technique. Two microdialysis catheters were placed subcutaneously in the flap (zone I and zone II), and a third one was placed subcutaneously in the flank to serve as a control. The flaps were monitored intraoperatively and postoperatively for 3 days with repeated analyses of extracellular glucose, lactate, and glycerol concentrations. An additional analysis of pyruvate was performed in some patients to calculate the lactate-to-pyruvate ratio. This study showed that glucose, lactate, and glycerol change in a characteristic way when complete ischemia (i.e., complete inhibition of the blood circulation) is present. A slower stabilization with prolonged metabolic signs of ischemia, such as lower glucose and higher lactate and glycerol concentrations, was seen in zone II compared with zone I, and more pronounced metabolic signs of ischemia, but with a faster recovery, were detected in the free TRAM flap group than in the pedicled TRAM flap group. The fact that the metabolites returned to normal earlier in free flaps than in pedicled flaps may indicate that free TRAM flaps sustain less ischemic damage because of better and more vigorous perfusion.

  5. Geneva Meeting Pushes Climate Finance to Top of "Cancun Agenda"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Last week, Ministers and other high level officials made progress on establishing the details of how hundreds of billions of dollars in climate aid will be raised and distributed at an informal meeting in Geneva, Switzerland.

  6. Indian microchip for Big Bang research in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Bhabani, Soudhriti

    2007-01-01

    "A premier nuclear physics institute here has come up with India's first indigenously designed microchip that will facilitate research on the Big Bang theory in Geneva's CERN, the world's largest particle physics laboratory." (1 page)

  7. Tram squealing noise and its impact on human health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Panulinova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tramway has become a serious urban noise source in densely populated areas. The disturbance from squealing noise is significant. Curve squeal is the very loud, tonal noise emitted by tram operation in tight radius curves. Studies had reported a relationship between noise levels and health effects, such as annoyance, sleep disturbance, and elevated systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Materials and Methods: This study aimed to analyze the wheel squeal noise along the tramway line in Košice, Slovakia, review the effects on human health, and discuss its inclusion in the design method. To observe the influence of a track curve on noise emission, several measurement points were selected, and the noise emission was measured both in the curve and in the straight lines employing the same type of permanent way. Results: The results in the sections with the radius below 50 m were greatly affected by the presence of a squeal noise, while the resulting noise level in the sections with the radius above 50 m depended on their radius. The difference between the average values of LAeq with and without the squeal in the measurement points with the radius below 50 m was 9 dB. The difference between the measurements in the curve sections with the radius below 50 m and those in the straight line was 2.7 dB. Conclusion: The resulting noise level in general was influenced by the car velocity and the technical shape of the permanent way. These results can be used in noise prognoses and in the health effect predictions.

  8. Hospital-integrated PACS at the University Hospital of Geneva

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ratib, Osman M.; Ligier, Yves; Hochstrasser, Denis; Scherrer, Jean-Raoul

    1991-07-01

    The PACS under development at the University Hospital of Geneva is a hospital-wide image management system for radiological as well as non-radiological medical images which is part of one of the widest hospital information systems (HIS) in Switzerland (Diogene system). It is based on a multi-vendor open architecture and a set of widely available industry standards, namely: Unix as the operating system, TCP-IP as network protocol and an SQL-based distributed database (INGRES) that handles both the PACS and the HIS. The PACS is based on a distributed architecture of servers of two types: the archive servers connected to the sources of images and equipped with large optical disk libraries (jukeboxes) and display servers distributed over the hospital. A standard image storage format was developed based on the ACR-NEMA standard. This file format (the PAPYRUS format) allows storage of sets of images as a sequence of ACR-NEMA messages in an 'encapsulated' file structure. In order to provide a more uniform user interface on a variety of different workstations, a common platform for image display and manipulation called OSIRIS is developed based on X-11 windowing system and OSF/Motif extension. Such a platform is designed to be portable to any computer running Unix and equipped with a graphic display system running X-11. Because this software is written in the object-oriented language C++, it is easily expandable and easily adaptable to different needs and requirements.

  9. The new tram in Ljubljana – excuse me, does it go to Maribor?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matej Nikšič

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Constantly increasing motorisation in Ljubljana demands serious consideration about future traffic management in the city and region. The reintroduction of the tram system that would connect the wider area as a tram-train system and integrate with other transport modes is one of the possible solutions. Without changes in present travel habits it isn’t feasible therefore public participation in all phases is of key importance. Simultaneous introduction of public spaces, enabled by the physical introduction of the system, can significantly add to the (redesigned city image that is becoming an extremely important advantage in competition between cities.

  10. 3D mapping and simulation of Geneva Lake environmental data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villard, Roch; Maignan, Michel; Kanevski, Mikhail; Rapin, Francois; Klein, Audrey

    2010-05-01

    The Geneva Lake is the biggest alpine and subalpine lake in central Europe. The depth of this lake is 309 meters and its total volume of water is 89 billions m3. It takes, on average, around twelve years so that waters of the lake are completely brewed. Furthermore the Geneva lake waters are rich in dissolved substances as carbonate, sulfate. The quantity of particles in suspension in the lake, which mainly arrived from the Rhône, is nowadays around height million of tones. The International Commission for the Leman Lake (CIPEL) works about the improvement of the quality of this lake since 1962. In the present study three dimensional environmental data (temperature, oxygen and nitrate) which cover the period from 1954 to 2008, for a total of 27'500 cases are investigated. We are interested to study the evolution of the temperature of the lake because there is an impact on the reproduction of fishes and also because the winter brewing of the water makes the re-oxygenation of deep-water. In order that biological balance is maintained in a lake, there must be enough oxygen in the water. Moreover, we work on nitrate distribution and evolution because contributions in fertilizers cause eutrophication of lake. The data are very numerous when we consider the time series, some of them with more than 300 occurrences, but there are between 2 and 15 data available for spatial cartography. The basic methodology used for the analysis, mapping and simulations of 3D patterns of environmental data is based on geostatistical predictions (family of kriging models) and conditional stochastic simulations. Spatial and temporal variability, 3D monitoring networks changing over time, make this study challenging. An important problem is also to make interpolation/simulations over a long period of time, like ten years. One way used to overcome this problem, consists in using a weighted average of ten variograms during this period. 3D mapping was carried out using environment data for

  11. Geneva University - Next Particle Physics Seminars

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2010-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY École de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVA 4 Tel. (022) 379 62 73 Fax (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 17 November 2010 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17-00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium Results on CP-Violation in The B_s and B_d systems at the Tevatron Dr. Iain Bertram, Lancaster Results will be presented from the investigation of CP-violation in B mesons at the Tevatron. The evidence for an anomalous likes-sign dimuon charge asymmetry will be presented, along with the latest results on CP violation in the Bs -> J/Psi Phi system. The implications of these results and the possibility of confirming them in the future will also be discussed. Information : http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire/annonce.html Organizer : G. Pasztor Wednesday 1st December 2010 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17-00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium PAMELA - A COSMIC RAY OBSERVATO...

  12. Renovation work on the Geneva motorway bypass

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The motorway maintenance work currently in progress includes repair work on the Vernier bridge. Temporary traffic restrictions will be in place during summer 2006. From 12 June 2006, for a period of 11 weeks Traffic arriving from the route de Vernier (in the direction of the city centre) will not be able to turn left onto the Vernier bridge to join the motorway but will be deviated via the route de Pré-Bois. From 3 July 2006, for a period of 8 weeks Traffic arriving from the Vernier motorway tunnel (in the direction of Lausanne) and exiting onto the route de Vernier will not be able to turn left. Vehicles will be deviated via the road that runs parallel to the motorway, then via the route de Meyrin and the route de Pré-Bois. Users are invited to follow the road signs in place. For further information: Tel. 163 or www.autoroute-aeroport.ch State of Geneva Department of Construction and Information Technology Civil Engineering Department

  13. Renovation work on the Geneva motorway bypass

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    The motorway maintenance work currently in progress includes repair work on the Vernier bridge. Temporary traffic restrictions will be in place during summer 2006. From 12 June 2006, for a period of 11 weeks Traffic arriving from the route de Vernier (in the direction of the city centre) will not be able to turn left onto the Vernier bridge to join the motorway but will be deviated via the route de Pré-Bois. From 3 July 2006, for a period of 8 weeks Traffic arriving from the Vernier motorway tunnel (in the direction of Lausanne) and exiting onto the route de Vernier will not be able to turn left. Vehicles will be deviated via the road that runs parallel to the motorway, then via the route de Meyrin and the route de Pré-Bois. Users are invited to follow the road signs in place. For further information: Tel. 163 or www.autoroute-aeroport.ch State of GenevaDepartment of Construction and Information Technology Civil Engineering Department

  14. The Geneva Faces and Voices (GEFAV) database.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferdenzi, Camille; Delplanque, Sylvain; Mehu-Blantar, Ines; Cabral, Katharin Mylena Da Paz; Felicio, Marisa Domingos; Sander, David

    2015-12-01

    Although many facial and vocal databases are available for research, very few of them have controlled the range of attractiveness of the stimuli that they offer. To fill this gap, we created the GEneva Faces and Voices (GEFAV) database, providing standardized faces (static and dynamic neutral, smiling) and voices (speaking sentences, vowels) of young European adults. A total of 61 women and 50 men 18-35 years old agreed to be part of the GEFAV stimuli, and two rating studies involving 285 participants provided evaluations of the facial and vocal samples. The final set of stimuli was satisfactory in terms of attractiveness range (wide and rather symmetrical distribution over the attractiveness continuum) and the reliability of the ratings (high consistency between the two rating studies, high interrater agreement in the final rating study). Moreover, the database showed an adequate validity, since a series of findings described by earlier research on human attractiveness were confirmed-namely, that facial and vocal attractiveness are predicted by femininity and health in women, and by masculinity, dominance, and trustworthiness in men. In future studies, the GEFAV stimuli may be used intact or transformed, individually or in multimodal combinations, to investigate a wide range of mechanisms, such as the behavioral, neuropsychological, and neurophysiological processes involved in social cognition.

  15. Geneva University - Silicon photomultiplier : features and applications

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2012-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY École de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92   Wednesday 7 March 2012 SEMINAIRE DE PHYSIQUE CORPUSCULAIRE 11.15 a.m. - Science II, Auditoire 1S081, 30, quai Ernest-Ansermet, 1211 Genève 4 SILICON PHOTOMULTIPLIER : FEATURES AND APPLICATIONS Dr Giulio SARACINO   University of Naples, Federico II   Silicon photomultipliers were developed about ten years ago and their use, unlike traditional photomultiplier tubes, is increasing more and more. They are an evolution of the avalanche photodiode working in Geiger mode regime. Hundreds of such diodes are connected in parallel, allowing single photon response, high detection efficiency, high gain at low bias voltage and very good timing performance. In spite of their Geiger regime, they can be considered linear devices, until the number of photon...

  16. Extended mesh repair with external oblique muscle reinforcement for abdominal wall contour abnormalities following TRAM flap.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Israeli, Ron; Hazani, Ron; Feingold, Randall S; DeNoto, George; Scheiner, Marc S

    2009-12-01

    Many patients undergoing reconstructive surgery after mastectomy opt for reconstruction with the transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap. Among the morbidities related to TRAM flap reconstruction is the development of abdominal wall contour abnormalities, including bulges or hernias. Several repair techniques at the flap abdominal wall donor site have been described for use at the time of flap harvest in an attempt to reduce the risk of such abdominal wall complications. For patients that develop abdominal wall contour abnormalities, numerous reconstructive options have been reported, with mixed results. Ten patients were identified as having abdominal wall contour abnormalities after a TRAM flap and underwent an extended mesh repair with external oblique muscle reinforcement. The mesh was secured to the bony landmarks of the lower abdomen and the abdominal wall fascia. All patients achieved complete resolution of abdominal wall bulging. In the follow-up period, no recurrences, infections, or seromas were noted. One patient, who failed an earlier repair at the inferior abdominal wall, reported symptoms consistent with a scar neuroma. Symptoms were treated successfully with gabapentin and a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug. We propose a novel and reliable method of lower abdominal wall reconstruction for patients with post-TRAM flap abdominal wall contour abnormalities. This technique incorporates the use of a large Marlex mesh reinforced with bilateral external oblique muscle flaps. We report a series of 10 patients who have achieved resolution of their symptoms and have regained a natural, flat-appearing abdominal wall contour.

  17. Radiation-Induced Leiomyosarcoma after Breast Cancer Treatment and TRAM Flap Reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Olcina

    2008-01-01

    We present a case of leiomyosarcoma in a patient who underwent mastectomy followed by radiotherapy for invasive ductal carcinoma. A delayed TRAM flap reconstruction was performed 10 years after and a rapid growing mass under the reconstructed flap appeared, on routine follow-up, twenty years later. This report analyzes the diagnostic and therapeutic approach of patients with RIS.

  18. Tram-Track Suture Technique for Pupillary Capture of a Scleral Fixated Intraocular Lens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Sung In; Kim, Kiseok

    2016-01-01

    Purpose To report a new technique using tram-track suture for pupillary capture of a scleral fixated posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC-IOL) to reposition the tilted IOL. Methods In this prospective interventional case series, we describe a tram-track suture for pupillary capture of a scleral fixated PC-IOL. A long straight needle with double-armed 10-0 polypropylene is passed behind the iris and just above the optic portion (tilted forward) of the IOL. The other straight needle with double-armed 10-0 polypropylene is passed just below the optic portion (tilted backward) of the IOL. After the IOL is repositioned properly, the polypropylene sutures are gently pulled and tied. Results Four eyes of 4 patients underwent tram-track suture for pupillary capture of a scleral fixated PC-IOL. No intra- or postoperative complications were noted, and no pupillary captures were detected during the follow-up period. Conclusions The tram-track suture technique provides good centration and stability of a PC-IOL. This technique is an easy and effective way to reposition pupillary capture of an IOL. Further, it is also minimally invasive as it maintains a closed system. PMID:27462257

  19. Preoperative TRAM free flap volume estimation for breast reconstruction in lean patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minn, Kyung Won; Hong, Ki Yong; Lee, Sang Woo

    2010-04-01

    To obtain pleasing symmetry in breast reconstruction with transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) free flap, a large amount of abdominal flap is elevated and remnant tissue is trimmed in most cases. However, elevation of abundant abdominal flap can cause excessive tension in donor site closure and increase the possibility of hypertrophic scarring especially in lean patients. The TRAM flap was divided into 4 zones in routine manner; the depth and dimension of the 4 zones were obtained using ultrasound and AutoCAD (Autodesk Inc., San Rafael, CA), respectively. The acquired numbers were then multiplied to obtain an estimate of volume of each zone and the each zone volume was added. To confirm the relation between the estimated volume and the actual volume, authors compared intraoperative actual TRAM flap volumes with preoperative estimated volumes in 30 consecutive TRAM free flap breast reconstructions. The estimated volumes and the actual elevated volumes of flap were found to be correlated by regression analysis (r = 0.9258, P AutoCAD (Autodesk Inc.) allow the authors to attain the precise volume desired for elevation. This method provides advantages in terms of minimal flap trimming, easier closure of donor sites, reduced scar widening and symmetry, especially in lean patients.

  20. CERN takes part in Expo.02's Geneva Day

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    To mark Geneva's Day at Expo.02, everyone at CERN is invited to become an artist. On 26 July we will all be given the opportunity to take part in the creation of an artwork on the lawn by Restaurant No. 1.   The sociologists, Ge.02 organisers and members of CERN at the discussion day held at CERN on 11 June. For the Geneva Day at Expo.02 on 14 September, the Canton of Geneva has decided to show Switzerland the many facets of its cultural life. The organisers of 'Ge.02' have chosen to experiment with the links between the communities of different nationalities living in Geneva, giving the event the subtitle 'De quoi GE me mêle'. Some thirty themes for Geneva have been identified, including relations between the various religions, the position of the elderly in a changing society and science in action at CERN. Each of these themes has been explored by a group of people of different cultural and social backgrounds, nicknamed the 'Ge.02 communities', which were formed over two years ago. A series of events ta...

  1. The Gene, Environment Association Studies consortium (GENEVA): maximizing the knowledge obtained from GWAS by collaboration across studies of multiple conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cornelis, Marilyn C; Agrawal, Arpana; Cole, John W; Hansel, Nadia N; Barnes, Kathleen C; Beaty, Terri H; Bennett, Siiri N; Bierut, Laura J; Boerwinkle, Eric; Doheny, Kimberly F; Feenstra, Bjarke; Feingold, Eleanor; Fornage, Myriam; Haiman, Christopher A; Harris, Emily L; Hayes, M Geoffrey; Heit, John A; Hu, Frank B; Kang, Jae H; Laurie, Cathy C; Ling, Hua; Manolio, Teri A; Marazita, Mary L; Mathias, Rasika A; Mirel, Daniel B; Paschall, Justin; Pasquale, Louis R; Pugh, Elizabeth W; Rice, John P; Udren, Jenna; van Dam, Rob M; Wang, Xiaojing; Wiggs, Janey L; Williams, Kayleen; Yu, Kai

    2010-05-01

    Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have emerged as powerful means for identifying genetic loci related to complex diseases. However, the role of environment and its potential to interact with key loci has not been adequately addressed in most GWAS. Networks of collaborative studies involving different study populations and multiple phenotypes provide a powerful approach for addressing the challenges in analysis and interpretation shared across studies. The Gene, Environment Association Studies (GENEVA) consortium was initiated to: identify genetic variants related to complex diseases; identify variations in gene-trait associations related to environmental exposures; and ensure rapid sharing of data through the database of Genotypes and Phenotypes. GENEVA consists of several academic institutions, including a coordinating center, two genotyping centers and 14 independently designed studies of various phenotypes, as well as several Institutes and Centers of the National Institutes of Health led by the National Human Genome Research Institute. Minimum detectable effect sizes include relative risks ranging from 1.24 to 1.57 and proportions of variance explained ranging from 0.0097 to 0.02. Given the large number of research participants (N>80,000), an important feature of GENEVA is harmonization of common variables, which allow analyses of additional traits. Environmental exposure information available from most studies also enables testing of gene-environment interactions. Facilitated by its sizeable infrastructure for promoting collaboration, GENEVA has established a unified framework for genotyping, data quality control, analysis and interpretation. By maximizing knowledge obtained through collaborative GWAS incorporating environmental exposure information, GENEVA aims to enhance our understanding of disease etiology, potentially identifying opportunities for intervention.

  2. Setting the baseline before geothermal exploration begins: the search of microseismic activity in the Geneva Basin, Western Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antunes, Verónica; Lupi, Matteo; Carrier, Aurore; Planès, Thomas; Martin, François

    2017-04-01

    Switzerland is moving towards the development of renewable energies. Following this trend, SIG (Services Industriels de Genève) and the Canton of Geneva is investing in the exploration of geothermal energy. Before the exploration takes place it is crucial to understand the rate of seismic activity in the region and its relationship with the existing faults. Historical and instrumental times suggest the presence of active faults in the region but to date little is known about the seismic activity in the Geneva Basin. Tectonic maps show the presence of major faults crossing the basin and recent seismic events indicate that such systems are still active on a regional scale. However, available data indicate infrequent and dispersed activity. This can be partially due to the small number of permanent stations in the area. To understand where micro-seismic activity may be located around and within the Geneva Basin we have deployed a temporary network composed of 20 broadband stations. With the densification of the network it could be possible to capture and localise small magnitude seismic events (i.e. M less than 1). Here we present the preliminary results obtained during the first months of the temporary network deployment.

  3. New 'Internet' network soon

    CERN Multimedia

    Parthasarathy, A

    2003-01-01

    The Geneva-based European Particle Research Laboratory (CERN) is to link 10 scientific establishments worldwide in a network of computers that might well be the prototype for the Internet's next `avatar' (1 page).

  4. Using propensity score analysis to compare major complications between DIEP and free muscle-sparing TRAM flap breast reconstructions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhong, Toni; Novak, Christine B.; Bagher, Shaghayegh; Maass, Saskia W. M. C.; Zhang, Jing; Arad, Udi; O'Neill, Anne C.; Metcalfe, Kelly A.; Hofer, Stefan O. P.

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Previous studies comparing muscle-sparing transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) versus deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) free flaps have not considered procedure selection bias. Propensity score analysis provides a statistical approach to consider preoperative f

  5. Hydrology and water quality of Geneva Lake, Walworth County, Wisconsin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Dale M.; Goddard, Gerald L.; Mergener, Elizabeth A.; Rose, William J.; Garrision, Paul J.

    2002-01-01

    As part of continuing efforts to improve the water quality of Geneva Lake, a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey, the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, and the Geneva Lake Environmental Agency was initiated in 1997 to document the present quality of the lake and its sediments, compute detailed hydrologic and nutrient (primarily phosphorus) budgets for the lake, estimate how changes in nutrient loading may affect water quality, and describe changes in the lake over the past 170 years by comparing water quality measured in this study with historical measurements and sediment-core information. This report presents the results of this collaborative study.

  6. Preferred use of the ipsilateral pedicled TRAM flap for immediate breast reconstruction: an illustrated approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Bien-Keem; Joethy, Janna; Ong, Yee-Siang; Ho, Gay-Hui; Pribaz, Julian J

    2012-02-01

    Recent experience with the ipsilateral TRAM flap has shown that it has the advantage of a longer functional pedicle length, which allows tension-free inset of well-vascularized tissue into the breast pocket. This leads to better positioning and shaping of the reconstructed breast with minimal disruption of the inframammary fold. The purpose of this article was to provide an illustrated approach to the ipsilateral TRAM flap and to clarify the technique when applied in the context of immediate breast reconstruction following cancer extirpation. A prospective evaluation of 89 patients who underwent immediate breast reconstruction following skin-sparing mastectomy for breast cancer was performed. All patients underwent ipsilateral TRAM reconstruction. The innate insetting advantage of the ipsilateral TRAM flap is illustrated in the article. The key steps of the technique were as follows: (1) The ipsilateral corner of the flap was used as the axillary tail, leaving the more bulky part to form the main body of the breast; (2) To avoid undesirable twists, a right TRAM was rotated clockwise so that its apex points superiorly; (3) This flap was subsequently tunneled into the breast pocket while preserving the inframammary fold. The opposite maneuvers were done for the left side; (4) If the flap was congested, venous augmentation was performed where the tributary of the axillary vein or the thoracodorsal vein was anastomosed with the inferior epigastric vein from the flap with an interposed vein graft (17% of cases). All flaps survived and flap-related complications included partial necrosis of tissue across the midline (2.2%), palpable fat necrosis (22%), and hematoma requiring drainage (2.2%). All flaps were raised concurrent with the resection, and the combined operative time ranged from 3.5 to 6 h, with a mean hospital stay of 7 days. The ipsilateral TRAM flap was a reliable flap with low complication rates and short surgery time. It was our preferred choice for

  7. The School of Pharmacy Geneva-Lausanne (EPGL) - the first ten years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borchard, Gerrit; Carrupt, Pierre-Alain

    2012-01-01

    With the creation of the School of Pharmacy Geneva-Lausanne (EPGL) in 2003, cantons Geneva and Vaud pooled their resources with the objective of reinforcing the research and teaching in the pharmaceutical sciences. Its core research units cover all aspects of fundamental pharmaceutical research and include collaborative research with the University Hospitals of Geneva and Lausanne.

  8. Effects of the IKCa1 channel inhibitor TRAM-34 on proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells%IKCa1通道阻滞剂TRAM-34对HUVEC增殖作用的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭洪宇; 张雅芳; 林芳; 遇春林; 杨慧科; 李晓冬

    2011-01-01

    目的 体外应用IKCa1通道阻滞剂TRAM-34干预人脐静脉内皮细胞(HUVEC),探讨其抑制HUVEC增殖作用的影响.方法 采用免疫荧光和RT-PCR法观察HUVEC细胞IKCa1的表达,常规MTT法分析不同浓度TRAM-34作用24、48、72 h后HUVEC细胞增殖的变化.结果 免疫荧光和RT-PCR法均证实HUVEC细胞表达IKCa1.TRAM-34浓度低于10 μmol/L时作用不明显,而高于10 mol/L时能明显抑制HUVEC增殖,并随药物浓度升高而抑制作用增强,呈显著浓度依赖性.TRAM-34抑制作用呈时间依赖性,处理细胞72 h作用明显强于48 h,而24h无明显变化.结论 HUVEC细胞表达IKCa1.TRAM-34能显著抑制HUVEC细胞增殖,其抑制作用呈浓度和时间依赖性.%Objective To examine the effects of the IKCal channel inhibitor TRAM-34 on proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in vitro. Methods Double-immunofluorescence staining and RT-PCR experiments were done to e-valuate the expressions of IKCal in HUVECs. In this present study, the effects of TRAM-34 on HUVECs proliferation were investigated by MTT assay with varying concentrations of TRAM-34 treatment for 24 h, 48 h and 72 h. Results Using the HUVEC, the normal expression of IKCal in HUVECs was confirmed, and found that TRAM-34 (>10 μmol) treatment for over 24 h suppressed remarkably HUVECs, exerting a significant cytotoxic effect upon HUVECs in a dose-dependent (0-30 μmol) and time-dependent (24-72 h) manner. Conclusions It is suggested that HUVEC expressed Ikcal, and TRAM-34 treatment resulted in a significant *. Dose-dependent and time-dependent inhibition in the growth of HUVEC.

  9. Analysis of Vibrations Generated by the Presence of Corrugation in a Modeled Tram Track

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia I. Real Herráiz

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the development of the railway system. Despite the huge benefits of railways, one of the main drawbacks of this mode of transport is vibrations caused by vehicles in service, especially in the case of trams circulating in urban areas. Moreover, this undesirable phenomenon may be exacerbated by the presence of irregularities in the rail-wheel contact. Thus, an analytical model able to reproduce the vibrational behavior of a real stretch of tram track was implemented. Besides, a simulation of different types of corrugation was carried out by calculating in an auxiliary model the dynamic overloads generated by corrugation. These dynamic overloads fed the main model to obtain the vibrations generated and then transmitted to the track.

  10. Impacts of Light Rail Transit Tram on the Voltage and Unbalance of the Distribution System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng-Ting Hsu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the three-phase voltage and unbalance analysis for the distribution system with the loading of a light rail transit (LRT tram. To investigate the dynamic responses of the system voltage and current, this paper adopts the Alternative Transients Program (ATP software to model and simulate a multigrounded four-wire distribution system with an LRT loading. Two different definitions about unbalance are used to evaluate the problem. In this paper, the traction supply substation (TSS with a single-phase transformer configuration is designed first for providing the electric power to the trams of LRT. However, it may result in the significant neutral line current and unbalance phenomenon to deteriorate the power quality of the distribution system. A Le-Blanc connection transformer in the TSS is therefore proposed to solve the problems.

  11. The Signatures of the Invisible exhibition in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2002-01-01

    The artist Paola Pivi with her work at the Signatures of the Invisible exhibition in Geneva during February 2002. This piece with needles suspended on nylon thread 'detects' people as they approach. The exhibition was for art inspired by research carried out at CERN.

  12. The Geneva-based city smart growth evaluation system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Wen

    2017-05-01

    With the popularity of smart growth raising worldwide, the sustainable development of cities has attracted more and more attention. In this paper, a model of AHP constructed by grey relational analysis is proposed to help implement smart growth theories into city design based on Geneva. Sustainable Development Metric (SDM) is our formulated metric.

  13. Dr. Geneva Gay: Multicultural Education for All Disciplines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atwater, Mary M.

    2010-01-01

    This feature is an interview of Professor Geneva Gay, a leader and expert in multicultural education, especially multicultural curriculum. She graciously consented to a telephone interview, which was recorded. The interview was then transcribed by a professional; this feature is the result of that interview.

  14. Bridges China Dialogue 2009 be Held in Geneva

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ The Bridges China Dialogue 2009,oriented with the theme of "China and Global Sustainable Recovery:Trade,Energy Conservation and Low Carbon Initiative",will be held during October 26-27,2009,at the World Meteorological Organization Conference Hall,in Geneva.

  15. Bridges China Dialogue 2009 be Held in Geneva

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    The Bridges China Dialogue 2009, oriented with the theme of "China and Global Sustainable Recovery: Trade, Energy Conservation and Low Car-bon Initiative", will be held during October 26–27, 2009, at the World Me-teorological Organization Conference Hall, in Geneva.

  16. P3 and P4 car parksat Geneva Airport

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service

    2005-01-01

    The Swiss Permanent Mission in Geneva has asked us to remind the persons concerned of the following rules, laid down by the Geneva Diplomatic Committee (http://www.eda.admin.ch/geneva_miss/f/home/role/cdgen.p.html), concerning the facilities granted for the parking of vehicles with diplomatic number plates at Geneva International Airport (see the Official News section of Bulletin No. 45/2001): a) P3 car park on the Departures level Vehicles bearing Swiss or French diplomatic number plates are authorised to park in Car Park P3 for one hour free of charge. The white entrance ticket entitles the holder to 15 minutes' free parking. If the period of stay is between 15 minutes and one hour, the persons concerned should go to the 'Centre de Contrôle? on the Arrivals level, which is open 24 hours a day, where they will be able to exchange their white entrance ticket for a pink exit ticket free of charge; they will be required to present their B or C-type carte de légitimation or, if they do not enjoy diplomatic...

  17. TRAMS Project: variability and reliability of SRAM memories in sub-22nm bulk-CMOS technologies

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    The TRAMS (Terascale Reliable Adaptive MEMORY Systems) project addresses in an evolutionary way the ultimate CMOS scaling technologies and paves the way for revolutionary, most promising beyond-CMOS technologies. In this abstract we show the significant variability levels of future 18 and 13 nm device bulk-CMOS technologies as well as its dramatic effect on the yield of memory cells and circuits. Peer Reviewed

  18. Internal mammary vessels as recipients for free TRAM breast reconstruction: aesthetic and functional considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majumder, S; Batchelor, A G

    1999-06-01

    The utilisation of the internal mammary vessels (IMVs) as recipient vessels for free TRAM reconstruction of the breast is well established. To gain adequate access to the IMVs, a medial segment of the ipsilateral third costal cartilage is usually excised. Concern has been expressed regarding potential complications specific to use of this site, including pneumothorax, intercostal neuralgia, chest wall herniae and contour defects. We present a retrospective study of our experience with free TRAM breast reconstruction, using the IMVs as recipient vessels, to ascertain the incidence of such complications. Twenty-five consecutive cases were studied. The clinical notes were analysed for information regarding immediate and late complications. All the patients were recalled and underwent assessment and examination by the authors. There were no cases of haemo- or pneumothorax on the side of the reconstruction. There were no complaints of chest pain suggestive of intercostal neuralgia. No discernible contour defects at the site of rib excision were found and no thoracic herniae were demonstrated. We suggest that internal mammary vessels can safely be used as recipients for free TRAM reconstruction of the breasts with no added aesthetic or functional morbidity.

  19. Translohr有轨电车轨道结构%Track Structure of Translohr Tram

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高江宁

    2012-01-01

    Traditional trams feature great noise and direct impact on road traffic, while the new Translohr tram has been widely used today because this guide rail system and the track structure are quite different. Based on the track design of Zhangjiang Translohr tram in Shanghai, the detailed design in line - oriented track, gapless track and their construction, the characteristics in resin casting process and turnout equipment are introduced in details.%Translohr新型有轨电车系统已经得到较为广泛的应用.该系统导轨的轨道结构与传统有轨电车的轨道结构有着很大区别.结合上海浦东张江有轨电车工程导轨的轨道结构设计实践,简介了该类有轨电车正线导轨的轨道结构的设计概况,详细介绍了树脂浇注工艺特点和道岔设备特点.

  20. The Troll in Toll: Mal and Tram as bridges for TLR2 and TLR4 signaling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheedy, Frederick J; O'Neill, Luke A J

    2007-08-01

    Signaling by two of the most important bacteria-sensing TLRs, TLR2 and TLR4, involves two adaptor proteins, MyD88 adaptor-like (Mal) and Toll/IL-1 receptor (TIR) domain-containing adaptor-inducing IFN-beta (Trif)-related adaptor molecule (TRAM). Recently, new insights into the functioning of these two adapters have emerged. Mal is required by both TLRs to act as a bridge to recruit the adaptor MyD88, leading ultimately to NF-kappaB activation. Similarly, TRAM acts as a bridge to recruit TRIF to the TLR4 complex, leading to activation of the transcription factor IFN regulatory factor 3. Consistent with Mal and TRAM being key points of control, recent evidence suggests that they are subject to regulation by phosphorylation. Further, a variant in Mal in humans has been found to protect against multiple infectious diseases. Finally, another TIR domain-containing adaptor, sterile alpha and HEAT/armadillo motif protein (SARM), has been shown to act as an inhibitor of TRIF-dependent signaling. These recent discoveries add to the complexity of TLR signaling and highlight specific control mechanisms for TLR2 and TLR4 signaling.

  1. Computer Security: Geneva, Suisse Romande and beyond

    CERN Multimedia

    Computer Security Team

    2014-01-01

    To ensure good computer security, it is essential for us to keep in close contact and collaboration with a multitude of official and unofficial, national and international bodies, agencies, associations and organisations in order to discuss best practices, to learn about the most recent (and, at times, still unpublished) vulnerabilities, and to handle jointly any security incident. A network of peers - in particular a network of trusted peers - can provide important intelligence about new vulnerabilities or ongoing attacks much earlier than information published in the media. In this article, we would like to introduce a few of the official peers we usually deal with.*   Directly relevant for CERN are SWITCH, our partner for networking in Switzerland, and our contacts within the WLCG, i.e. the European Grid Infrastructure (EGI), and the U.S. Open Science Grid (OSG). All three are essential partners when discussing security implementations and resolving security incidents. SWITCH, in...

  2. StarTram: An Ultra Low Cost Launch System to Enable Large Scale Exploration of the Solar System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, James; Maise, George; Paniagua, John

    2006-01-01

    StarTram is a new approach for low launch to space using Maglev technology. Spacecraft are magnetically levitated and accelerated without propellants to orbital speeds in an evacuated tunnel at ground level using only electrical energy. The cost of the electric energy for acceleration to 8 kilometers per second is only 60 cents per kilogram of payload. After reaching orbital speed, the StarTram spacecraft coast upwards inside an evacuated levitated launch tube to an altitude, of 10 kilometers or more, where they enter the low-pressure ambient atmosphere. The launch tube is magnetically levitated by the repulsive force between a set of high current superconducting cables on it and oppositely directed currents in a set of superconducting cables on the ground beneath. High strength Kevlar tethers anchor the launch tube against crosswinds and prevent it from moving laterally or vertically. A Magneto Hydro Dynamic (MHD) pump at the exit of the evacuated launch tube prevents air from entering the tube. Two StarTram systems are described, a high G (30G) system for cargo only launch and a moderate G (2.5 G) system for passenger/cargo spacecraft. StarTram's projected unit cost is $30 per kilogram of payload launched, including operating and amortization costs. A single StarTram facility could launch more than 100,000 tons of cargo per year and many thousands of passengers. StarTram would use existing superconductors and materials, together with Maglev technology similar to that now operating. The StarTram cargo launch system could be implemented by 2020 AD and the passenger system by 2030 AD.

  3. TRAM is involved in IL-18 signaling and functions as a sorting adaptor for MyD88.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hidenori Ohnishi

    Full Text Available MyD88, a Toll/interleukin-1 receptor homology (TIR domain-containing adaptor protein, mediates signals from the Toll-like receptors (TLR or IL-1/IL-18 receptors to downstream kinases. In MyD88-dependent TLR4 signaling, the function of MyD88 is enhanced by another TIR domain-containing adaptor, Mal/TIRAP, which brings MyD88 to the plasma membrane and promotes its interaction with the cytosolic region of TLR4. Hence, Mal is recognized as the "sorting adaptor" for MyD88. In this study, a direct interaction between MyD88-TIR and another membrane-sorting adaptor, TRAM/TICAM-2, was demonstrated in vitro. Cell-based assays including RNA interference experiments and TRAM deficient mice revealed that the interplay between MyD88 and TRAM in cells is important in mediating IL-18 signal transduction. Live cell imaging further demonstrated the co-localized accumulation of MyD88 and TRAM in the membrane regions in HEK293 cells. These findings suggest that TRAM serves as the sorting adaptor for MyD88 in IL-18 signaling, which then facilitates the signal transduction. The binding sites for TRAM are located in the TIR domain of MyD88 and actually overlap with the binding sites for Mal. MyD88, the multifunctional signaling adaptor that works together with most of the TLR members and with the IL-1/IL-18 receptors, can interact with two distinct sorting adaptors, TRAM and Mal, in a conserved manner in a distinct context.

  4. Mechanistic basis of plasmid-specific DNA binding of the F plasmid regulatory protein, TraM.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Yun; Lu, Jun; Wong, Joyce J W; Edwards, Ross A; Frost, Laura S; Mark Glover, J N

    2014-11-11

    The conjugative transfer of bacterial F plasmids relies on TraM, a plasmid-encoded protein that recognizes multiple DNA sites to recruit the plasmid to the conjugative pore. In spite of the high degree of amino acid sequence conservation between TraM proteins, many of these proteins have markedly different DNA binding specificities that ensure the selective recruitment of a plasmid to its cognate pore. Here we present the structure of F TraM RHH (ribbon-helix-helix) domain bound to its sbmA site. The structure indicates that a pair of TraM tetramers cooperatively binds an underwound sbmA site containing 12 base pairs per turn. The sbmA is composed of 4 copies of a 5-base-pair motif, each of which is recognized by an RHH domain. The structure reveals that a single conservative amino acid difference in the RHH β-ribbon between F and pED208 TraM changes its specificity for its cognate 5-base-pair sequence motif. Specificity is also dictated by the positioning of 2-base-pair spacer elements within sbmA; in F sbmA, the spacers are positioned between motifs 1 and 2 and between motifs 3 and 4, whereas in pED208 sbmA, there is a single spacer between motifs 2 and 3. We also demonstrate that a pair of F TraM tetramers can cooperatively bind its sbmC site with an affinity similar to that of sbmA in spite of a lack of sequence similarity between these DNA elements. These results provide a basis for the prediction of the DNA binding properties of the family of TraM proteins.

  5. Geothermal prospection in the Greater Geneva Basin (Switzerland and France): Architecture of the new Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Favre, Stéphanie; Brentini, Maud; Giuliani, Gregory; Lehmann, Anthony

    2017-04-01

    objectives and needs are similar. Concerning the architecture, the data model was developed according to the following themes: geology, hydrogeology, geophysics and geothermal energy. Each theme contains features that are characterized by a geometric shape (point, line or polygon), attribute tables and relations. The data model was designed to allow crossed requests between features though unique identifier (ID) attributes. PostgreSQL, an open-source database management system, was chosen to ensure a wide range of compatible GIS tools. This solution helps keeping the link between 2D and 3D geological data, especially through the cantonal platform (ge.ch/sitg/geologie3d) that stores and displays 3D models. To ensure the development of a geological IS, these aspects have been considered: 1) having a robust and scalable architecture 2) selecting adapted IT tools and 3) defining coherent data workflows. The future system should be able to answer queries to produce of maps, models and define protection zones, which assist an optimal management of the subsurface resources for the State of Geneva. REFERENCES Blunier, P., Tacher, L. and Parriaux, A. 2007: Systemic Approach of Urban Underground Resources Exploitation. 11th ACUUS Conference: Underground Space: Expanding the Frontiers. Athens , Greece. Brentini, M. and Favre, S. 2014: Développement d'une base de données du sous-sol dans le cadre de GEothermie 2020: intégration des forages et lignes sismiques à Genève. Internship thesis, University of Geneva, 90p. Clerc, N., Rusillon, E., Cardello, L., Moscariello, A. and Renard, P., 2016. Structural Modeling of the Geneva Basin for Geothermal Ressource Assessment. Abstract, 14th Swiss Geoscience Meeting, Geneva, Switzerland. Gabriel, P., Gietzel, J., Le, H., H., and Schaeben, H. 2015: GST: A Network Based Datastore for Geoscience Data and Geomodels and Its Implementation - ProMine's Contribution Towards Interoperability. Springer International Publishing Switzerland, 59

  6. Single TRAM domain RNA-binding proteins in Archaea: functional insight from Ctr3 from the Antarctic methanogen Methanococcoides burtonii.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taha; Siddiqui, K S; Campanaro, S; Najnin, T; Deshpande, N; Williams, T J; Aldrich-Wright, J; Wilkins, M; Curmi, P M G; Cavicchioli, R

    2016-09-01

    TRAM domain proteins present in Archaea and Bacteria have a β-barrel shape with anti-parallel β-sheets that form a nucleic acid binding surface; a structure also present in cold shock proteins (Csps). Aside from protein structures, experimental data defining the function of TRAM domains is lacking. Here, we explore the possible functional properties of a single TRAM domain protein, Ctr3 (cold-responsive TRAM domain protein 3) from the Antarctic archaeon Methanococcoides burtonii that has increased abundance during low temperature growth. Ribonucleic acid (RNA) bound by Ctr3 in vitro was determined using RNA-seq. Ctr3-bound M. burtonii RNA with a preference for transfer (t)RNA and 5S ribosomal RNA, and a potential binding motif was identified. In tRNA, the motif represented the C loop; a region that is conserved in tRNA from all domains of life and appears to be solvent exposed, potentially providing access for Ctr3 to bind. Ctr3 and Csps are structurally similar and are both inferred to function in low temperature translation. The broad representation of single TRAM domain proteins within Archaea compared with their apparent absence in Bacteria, and scarcity of Csps in Archaea but prevalence in Bacteria, suggests they represent distinct evolutionary lineages of functionally equivalent RNA-binding proteins.

  7. Information from the Cultural Kiosk - Geneva Welcome Centre (UNOG)

    CERN Multimedia

    2010-01-01

    The Geneva Welcome Centre has the pleasure to inform you that the Cultural Kiosk at the UNOG is now able, thanks to a new partnership with FNAC, to sell tickets for a number of additional cultural events, among others those of the Grand Théâtre de Genève.   To celebrate this new feature,   the Grand Théâtre de Genève   in association with the Geneva Welcome Centre and the magazine UN Special   has decided to make a special offer for its next performance,   Francesco Cavalli's " La Calisto "   which will be represented from 13 April to 28 April 2010.   This offer is meant for international civil servants, members of diplomatic missions as well as official delegates under presentation of their legitimation or accreditation card. The tickets at the reduced price can be bought at the Cultural Kiosk (door 6).   This opera, rarely performed, will...

  8. International Geneva: discover the world of meteorology and climatology

    CERN Multimedia

    Antonella Del Rosso

    2015-01-01

    On 7 May, the Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) will give a seminar presenting WMO’s work to colleagues at CERN. Don’t miss this opportunity to learn about the UN’s authoritative voice on the state and behaviour of the Earth's atmosphere, its weather and its climate.   This is the second in the “International Geneva comes to CERN” series of seminars, which presents other Geneva-based international organisations to CERN’s internal audience. At his seminar, Michel Jarraud, the WMO Secretary-General, will discuss the many fields for which the WMO provides world leadership and expertise. They include weather, climate, hydrology and water resources, as well as related environmental issues. “Both CERN and WMO deal with scientific issues, and this makes the two organisations naturally very close to each other, including in their efforts to advocate for the importance of science and scien...

  9. Geneva University: Experiments in Physics: Hands-on Creative Processes

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2011-01-01

    Geneva University Physics Department 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet CH-1211 Geneva 4 Tel: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92   Lundi 3 octobre 2011, 17h00 Ecole de Physique, Auditoire Stueckelberg «Experiments in Physics : Hands-on Creative Processes» Prof. Manfred Euler Leibniz-Institute for Mathematics and Science Education (IPN) University of Kiel, Deutschland Experiments play a variety of different roles in knowledge generation. The lecture will focus on the function of experiments as engines of intuition that foster insights into complex processes. The experimental presentations consider self-organization phenomena in various domains that range from the nanomechanics of biomolecules to perception and cognition. The inherent universality contributes to elucidating the enigmatic phenomenon of creativity. Une verrée en compagnie du conférencier sera offerte après le colloque.       &...

  10. Report: Geneva Visit: 4-9 July 1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valerie J Ehlers

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available This report provides a brief introduction to Geneva and its many international organisations and aims to share some of the insights gained during discussions held with various key persons at the World Health Organisation (WHO, the International Committee of the Red Cross, and the International Nursing Review (INR, the official journal of the International Nursing Council. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.

  11. The nurse, the Geneva Conventions and human rights.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Alleged reports from the warfronts over the past few years have been shocking: bombing of hospitals and ambulances, health workers refusing to care for wounded members of the opposition, medical involvement in the torture of prisoners, etc. Such conduct is in violation of professional codes of conduct and the Geneva Conventions. Yet the combatants and health care personnel in too many instances remain impervious. In many economically and politically unstable countries, where uprisings and war can explode any day, anyone can become involved, but particularly health care professionals because of the nature of their work. When confronted with a dilemma in a conflict situation, nurses must remember that they are accountable for their own professional actions and as such must be aware of patient/client rights and of their rights and obligations under the terms of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the Additional Protocols of 1977. To assist nurses in making the right decisions, ICN developed a Code for Nurses and in 1984, with the League of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, prepared an educational package for nurses on the Geneva conventions and the principles of humanitarian law. Subsequently ICN, with its member nurses' associations, developed position papers on the role of nurses in caring for prisoners and detainees and in safeguarding human rights. And today in face of daily reports of humanitarian violations, ICN urges NNAs to reconfirm their commitment and to take concrete moves to assure that their members fully understand what is expected of nurses in conflict situations. Extracts of the Geneva Conventions' essential provisions and ICN's position statements are provided below as one step in bringing about this awareness.

  12. Transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap (TRAM flap - experimental model in rats Modelo experimental do retalho musculocutâneo abdominal transverso de músculo reto do abdome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Bins Ely

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper was to report the use of an experimental model of the Transverse Rectus Abdominis Musculocutaneous flap (TRAM flap, in rats. Thirty male Wistar rats weighing 180 to 220 g were submitted to the TRAM flap procedure. This article reports on the use of the caudally based, right unipedicled TRAM flap.Este artigo relata e divulga um modelo experimental do retalho musculocutâneo abdominal transverso de músculo reto do abdome (TRAM flap, em ratos. Foram utilizados 30 ratos Wistar (Rattus norvegicus albinus, Rodentia, Mammalia machos, adultos, com peso individual variando entre 180 e 220 gramas. Os animais foram submetidos ao procedimento operatório do retalho musculocutâneo abdominal transverso de músculo reto do abdome (TRAM flap, de base caudal com pedículo do músculo reto do abdome unilateral à direita.

  13. The photovoltaic power system of Geneva Palexpo Building 6; Installation photovoltaique sur la halle 6 de Geneva Palexpo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keller, L.; Rhyner, R.

    2004-07-01

    A 70 kW photovoltaic installation has been constructed on the roof of the new Building 6 of Geneva Palexpo, a compound that hosts various conferences, exhibitions and sporting or other events, counting almost 1.5 million visitors a year, including the International Car Show, which alone attracts more than 700,000 visitors each year. The purpose of this installation is the indirect supply of recharging terminals for electric vehicles. The solar installation and the electric vehicle recharging terminals support an information campaign on solar energy and 'sustainable' mobility. For this purpose various explanatory signs have been placed inside the Geneva Palexpo halls and a promotional stand for renewable energy and 'sustainable' transport was placed inside the International Car Show 2003. This stand had some success: more than 4,000 people took part in the competition organised on this occasion. (author)

  14. StarTram: Ultra Low Cost Launch For Large Space Architectures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, J.; Maise, G.; Paniagua, J.

    2004-02-01

    The StarTram Maglev system can launch hundreds of thousands of tons of cargo per year to orbit (~1000 times present capability) plus many thousands of passengers. The launch cost is only $30/kilogram of cargo, ~ 1/300 th of present cost. Magnetically levitated spacecraft accelerate to >=8 km/see in an evacuated ground tunnel using superconducting (SC) Maglev technology now operating in Japan for high speed trains. No propellant is used; energy from the electrical grid costs $0.50 per kg of launch weight. After reaching orbital speed, the levitated craft ascend in a curving evacuated launch tube that is magnetically levitated above Earth's surface by the repulsion force between SC cables attached to it and an opposing set of SC cables on the surface. The levitation force is 4 tons/meter of tube length at 20 km altitude, and exceeds the tube weight. High strength Kevlar tethers to the ground prevent vertical and lateral motion. Craft enter the atmosphere at 20 km through an open exit that prevents in-leakage of low density air by high speed gas ejectors and an MHD (Magnetic Hydro Dynamic) pump, and coast to apogee, where a small V burn (~500 m/s) establishes orbit. Deceleration as it enters the atmosphere at 20 km is modest, ~1 g. Peak heating is ~5 KW/cm2 for times of a few seconds before the craft reaches space. The technology for StarTram-C now exists, and no breakthroughs in materials are required. Two possible StarTram systems are compared, one for cargo only, and the second for both passengers and cargo.

  15. Endothelin receptor blockade improves oxygenation in contralateral TRAM flap tissue in pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erni, D; Wessendorf, R; Wettstein, R; Schilling, M K; Banic, A

    2001-07-01

    Partial skin and fat necrosis is the most common complication occurring in TRAM flaps. It is related to disturbances of the microcirculation and oxygenation in the contralateral part of the flap. It may be hypothesised that the development of necrosis is promoted by the vasoconstrictor endothelin, the production of which is enhanced in ischaemic flap tissues. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of tezosentan, a new endothelin receptor blocker, on microcirculation and oxygenation in experimental TRAM flaps. The administration of tezosentan began preoperatively (3 mg/kg body weight) and then continued at a rate of 1.5 mg/kg/h. A TRAM flap with a skin island measuring 16 x 8 cm was raised in the middle of the epigastrium in minipigs. The flap was pedicled on the right superior epigastric vessels. Microcirculatory blood flow was measured with laser Doppler flowmetry and tissue oxygen tension was measured with a Clark-type microprobe. Dominant subcutaneous veins were cannulated in both the ipsilateral and the contralateral parts of the flap. Subdermal tissue oxygen tension in the contralateral part of the flap was significantly reduced 4h after surgery to 5 mmHg (ca. 48 mmHg in normal tissue) in the control group, but to only 12 mmHg in the group that had been administered tezosentan (Peffluent of the contralateral part of the flap, although microcirculatory blood flow remained virtually unchanged. Our findings suggest that tezosentan improves oxygenation and metabolism in the jeopardised contralateral flap tissue, probably as a result of a decrease in venous vascular resistance and fluid extravasation.

  16. Influence of different types of trams on human perception of vibrations in buildings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kowalska-Koczwara Alicja

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In an increasingly urbanized areas transport vibration source are closer and closer to the receiver which is a building. At the same time residents requirements for comfort in rooms are higher. In this paper influence of transport vibrations from various types of trams on human perception was tested and analysed. Measurements were made in Cracow on 11 buildings located near tramway. Human perception were investigated according to ISO and Polish standard. Basic RMS method and additional VDV method were applied because of high crest factor of recorded signal. Results of both methods were compared.

  17. Reubicación del ombligo al realizar un colgajo TRAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Fuente del Campo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Describimos un método simple para reubicar el ombligo en los casos de plicatura abdominal unilateral consecutiva a la rotación de un colgajo TRAM. El ombligo se desplaza a lo largo de una incisión hecha en la aponeurosis anterior del músculo recto abdominal contralateral. Este procedimiento no debilita la musculatura abdominal contralateral, mantiene el ombligo estable, sin estenosis, y evita la formación de cicatrices hipertróficas a su alrededor. Tras este procedimiento los pacientes conservan una resistencia abdominal normal, pudiendo realizar esfuerzo y ejercicio sin manifestar áreas de debilidad.

  18. Urban air quality comparison for bus, tram, subway and pedestrian commutes in Barcelona.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, Teresa; Reche, Cristina; Rivas, Ioar; Cruz Minguillón, Maria; Martins, Vânia; Vargas, Concepción; Buonanno, Giorgio; Parga, Jesus; Pandolfi, Marco; Brines, Mariola; Ealo, Marina; Sofia Fonseca, Ana; Amato, Fulvio; Sosa, Garay; Capdevila, Marta; de Miguel, Eladio; Querol, Xavier; Gibbons, Wes

    2015-10-01

    Access to detailed comparisons in air quality variations encountered when commuting through a city offers the urban traveller more informed choice on how to minimise personal exposure to inhalable pollutants. In this study we report on an experiment designed to compare atmospheric contaminants inhaled during bus, subway train, tram and walking journeys through the city of Barcelona. Average number concentrations of particles 10-300 nm in size, N, are lowest in the commute using subway trains (N5.0×10(4) cm(-3)), with extreme transient peaks at busy traffic crossings commonly exceeding 1.0×10(5) cm(-3) and accompanied by peaks in Black Carbon and CO. Subway particles are coarser (mode 90 nm) than in buses, trams or outdoors (1200 ppm in crowded buses and trains. There are also striking differences in inhalable particle chemistry depending on the route chosen, ranging from aluminosiliceous at roadsides and near pavement works, ferruginous with enhanced Mn, Co, Zn, Sr and Ba in the subway environment, and higher levels of Sb and Cu inside the bus. We graphically display such chemical variations using a ternary diagram to emphasise how "air quality" in the city involves a consideration of both physical and chemical parameters, and is not simply a question of measuring particle number or mass. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. CERN cars drive by the Geneva Motor Show

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2011-01-01

    One of CERN's new gas-fuelled cars was a special guest at the press days of the Geneva motor show this year. The car enjoyed a prominent position on the Gazmobil stand, right next to the latest Mazeratis and Ferraris. Journalists previewing the motor show could discover CERN's support for green technologies and also find out more about the lab - home to the fastest racetrack on the planet, with protons in the LHC running at 99.9999991% of the speed of light.    

  20. Gunshot deaths in Geneva, Switzerland: 2001 to 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    La Harpe, Romano; Mohamed, Nadja Ben; Burkhardt, Sandra

    2013-09-01

    We have conducted a retrospective study of all gunshot deaths that occurred in Geneva, Switzerland, over a 10-year period (2001-2010). The 133 cases reviewed were classified according to the manner of death, that is, suicide (106 cases), homicide (25 cases), and accident (2 cases). Various data from police authorities and the medicolegal examinations of the bodies were studied, including the age and sex of the victims, location of the event, type of firearm used, concomitant use or nonuse of alcohol and/or other drugs, seasonality, and entry site. These various elements were compared with data found in the literature.

  1. [Tuberculosis screening in school health services in Geneva, Switzerland].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meynard, Anne; Pfarrwaller, Eva; Lazarevic, Claire-Anne Wyler

    2016-06-08

    Recent immigrantyouth have multiple health needs that need to be adapted to the context of migration. School health services provide a systematic health check to allyoung immigrants starting school in Geneva, including a tuberculin skin test if coming from a middle or high incidence country. Positive tests are confirmed with Interferon Gamma Release Assay (IGRA) and if indicated, offered treatment of latent tuberculosis even in the absence of clear guidelines. Collective and individual benefits outweigh the difficult logistics: reducing risk of reactivation of latent tuberculosis for populations living in promiscuity, effective collaboration between primary care and school health services to answer the needs of these underserved youth.

  2. Reconstrucción mamaria con el colgajo musculocutáneo recto abdominal transverso (TRAM Breast reconstruction with the transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM flap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Lozano

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El colgajo musculocutáneo de recto abdominal transverso ha sido la técnica quirúrgica más utilizada en reconstrucción mamaria autógena. Proporciona una nueva mama con volumen adecuado, ptosis, aspecto natural y no requiere la implantación de prótesis, obteniéndose una buena simetría con la mama contralateral, que perdura en el tiempo. El inconveniente de esta técnica es la morbilidad de la pared abdominal. Este colgajo sacrifica el músculo y la vaina anterior del recto que puede tener consecuencias como hernias y eventraciones. Para minimizar este problema se desarrolló el colgajo de recto abdominal microquirúrgico, que sólo sacrifica una porción muscular, disminuyendo significativamente el número de secuelas. Como inconveniente presenta la dificultad de la técnica quirúrgica, requiriendo dominio de la microcirugía vasculonerviosa. En conclusión, se puede devolver a la mujer mastectomizada una nueva mama de forma completamente autógena, con volumen, forma y textura similares al lado sano que ayude, en definitiva, a recuperar la autoestima perdida.The transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM flap has been the most employed technique in autogenous breast reconstruction. It provides a new breast of adequate volume, ptosis and natural appearance, and does not require the implantation of prosthesis; a good symmetry with the contralateral breast is obtained, which lasts over time. The drawback of this technique is the morbidity of the abdominal wall. This flap sacrifices the muscle and the anterior rectus sheath which can result in consequences such as hernias and eventrations. To minimise this problem the microsurgical TRAM flap was developed, which only sacrifices a portion of muscle, significantly reducing the number of sequels. A drawback is the difficulty of the surgical technique, which requires mastery of vascular-nervous microsurgery. In conclusion, a new breast can be returned to the mastectomised woman in a

  3. Safety impacts of platform tram stops on pedestrians in mixed traffic operation: A comparison group before-after crash study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naznin, Farhana; Currie, Graham; Logan, David; Sarvi, Majid

    2016-01-01

    Tram stops in mixed traffic environments present a variety of safety, accessibility and transport efficiency challenges. In Melbourne, Australia the hundred year-old electric tram system is progressively being modernized to improve passenger accessibility. Platform stops, incorporating raised platforms for level entry into low floor trams, are being retro-fitted system-wide to replace older design stops. The aim of this study was to investigate the safety impacts of platform stops over older design stops (i.e. Melbourne safety zone tram stops) on pedestrians in the context of mixed traffic tram operation in Melbourne, using an advanced before-after crash analysis approach, the comparison group (CG) method. The CG method evaluates safety impacts by taking into account the general trends in safety and the unobserved factors at treatment and comparison sites that can alter the outcomes of a simple before-after analysis. The results showed that pedestrian-involved all injury crashes reduced by 43% after platform stop installation. This paper also explores a concern that the conventional CG method might underestimate safety impacts as a result of large differences in passenger stop use between treatment and comparison sites, suggesting differences in crash risk exposure. To adjust for this, a modified analysis explored crash rates (crash counts per 10,000 stop passengers) for each site. The adjusted results suggested greater reductions in pedestrian-involved crashes after platform stop installation: an 81% reduction in pedestrian-involved all injury crashes and 86% reduction in pedestrian-involved FSI crashes, both are significant at the 95% level. Overall, the results suggest that platform stops have considerable safety benefits for pedestrians. Implications for policy and areas for future research are explored.

  4. Detection of convective initiation using Meteosat SEVIRI: implementation in and verification with the tracking and nowcasting algorithm Cb-TRAM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merk, D.; Zinner, T.

    2013-08-01

    In this paper a new detection scheme for convective initiation (CI) under day and night conditions is presented. The new algorithm combines the strengths of two existing methods for detecting CI with geostationary satellite data. It uses the channels of the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (SEVIRI) onboard Meteosat Second Generation (MSG). For the new algorithm five infrared (IR) criteria from the Satellite Convection Analysis and Tracking algorithm (SATCAST) and one high-resolution visible channel (HRV) criteria from Cb-TRAM were adapted. This set of criteria aims to identify the typical development of quickly developing convective cells in an early stage. The different criteria include time trends of the 10.8 IR channel, and IR channel differences, as well as their time trends. To provide the trend fields an optical-flow-based method is used: the pyramidal matching algorithm, which is part of Cb-TRAM. The new detection scheme is implemented in Cb-TRAM, and is verified for seven days which comprise different weather situations in central Europe. Contrasted with the original early-stage detection scheme of Cb-TRAM, skill scores are provided. From the comparison against detections of later thunderstorm stages, which are also provided by Cb-TRAM, a decrease in false prior warnings (false alarm ratio) from 91 to 81% is presented, an increase of the critical success index from 7.4 to 12.7%, and a decrease of the BIAS from 320 to 146% for normal scan mode. Similar trends are found for rapid scan mode. Most obvious is the decline of false alarms found for the synoptic class "cold air" masses.

  5. Summertime winds and direct cyclonic circulation: observations from Lake Geneva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    U. Lemmin

    Full Text Available Records of wind, air temperature and air pressure from nine stations, situated along the shoreline of Lake Geneva, Switzerland, were analyzed for the summer period May to September. At all stations the consistent appearance of significant spectral peaks and changes in wind direction at the diurnal frequency indicates the importance of lake-land breezes. It is shown that the surrounding topography has a strong modifying effect (temporal and spatial on the lake-land breeze. Superimposed on this cyclic wind pattern, short episodes of strong winds with long fetch over parts of Lake Geneva are regularly observed. Both of these winds exert a spatially variable wind stress over the lake surface on the same time scale. Typical examples of the expected lake's response are presented, among them the seasonally persistent gyre in the central part of the lake. Evidence is provided that this dominant circulation is part of a direct cyclonic circulation, generated by the curl of the diurnal wind field. It is concluded that the mean circulation is caused by these winds and affected by the topography of the surrounding land.

  6. Geneva University: Dark matter Search with the CDMS experiment

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2011-01-01

    Geneva University Physics Department 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet CH-1211 Geneva 4 Tel: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92   Wednesday 21 September 2011 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium “ Dark matter Search with the CDMS experiment ” Par Dr. Sebastian Arrenberg, Université de Zürich The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search experiment (CDMS) employs a total of 30 germanium and silicon detectors at the Soudan Underground Laboratory to detect weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) via their scattering from the target nuclei. Previous CDMS results, released in December 2009, set the world leading limit on the spin-independent WIMP-nucleon cross section above WIMP masses of ~50 GeV/c2 assuming elastic scattering.  In a subsequent analysis we investigated the inelastic dark matter scenario which was proposed to reconcile the disagreement between the results of DAMA/LIBRA and other existing dark matter searc...

  7. CERN in the spotlight at the Geneva Festival

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    CERN will be the guest of honour at the Geneva Festival, which takes place from 29 July to 8 August. The Organization will be involved in two big events: the curtain-raising firework display and the end-of-festival concert. Come and see the creation of the Universe... acted out by fireworks! CERN, celebrating its 50th anniversary, will raise the curtain on the annual Geneva Festival (Fêtes de Genève) on Friday 30 July at 10.15 p.m. with a pyrotechnical and musical extravaganza. The display will be accompanied by a narration explaining the different stages of creation, written by CERN physicist Rolf Landua. Pyro-musical design is by Catherine Walder, overall firework design by René Gousset and pyrotechnical design by Pierre-Alain Beretta (Pyrostars). For further information see: www.cern.ch/cern50/events/Fireworks/Fireworks-en.html. At the end of the Festival, the CERN choir, itself celebrating its thirtieth year, joins forces with the Annecy choir Pro Musica to give a special performance of Jo...

  8. Concerning Descriptive Standards: A Partnership between Public Archives and Private Collections in Geneva, Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth-Lochner, Barbara; Grange, Didier

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a partnership begun in 2002 in the field of archival description between the Geneva City Archives (AVG) and the Manuscripts Department of the Public and University Library of Geneva (BPU). This cooperation has allowed the creation of two computer applications, which share technical and conceptual foundations.…

  9. TRAM (Transcriptome Mapper: database-driven creation and analysis of transcriptome maps from multiple sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danieli Gian

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Several tools have been developed to perform global gene expression profile data analysis, to search for specific chromosomal regions whose features meet defined criteria as well as to study neighbouring gene expression. However, most of these tools are tailored for a specific use in a particular context (e.g. they are species-specific, or limited to a particular data format and they typically accept only gene lists as input. Results TRAM (Transcriptome Mapper is a new general tool that allows the simple generation and analysis of quantitative transcriptome maps, starting from any source listing gene expression values for a given gene set (e.g. expression microarrays, implemented as a relational database. It includes a parser able to assign univocal and updated gene symbols to gene identifiers from different data sources. Moreover, TRAM is able to perform intra-sample and inter-sample data normalization, including an original variant of quantile normalization (scaled quantile, useful to normalize data from platforms with highly different numbers of investigated genes. When in 'Map' mode, the software generates a quantitative representation of the transcriptome of a sample (or of a pool of samples and identifies if segments of defined lengths are over/under-expressed compared to the desired threshold. When in 'Cluster' mode, the software searches for a set of over/under-expressed consecutive genes. Statistical significance for all results is calculated with respect to genes localized on the same chromosome or to all genome genes. Transcriptome maps, showing differential expression between two sample groups, relative to two different biological conditions, may be easily generated. We present the results of a biological model test, based on a meta-analysis comparison between a sample pool of human CD34+ hematopoietic progenitor cells and a sample pool of megakaryocytic cells. Biologically relevant chromosomal segments and gene

  10. 45 CFR 506.16 - Failure to meet the conditions and requirements prescribed under the Geneva Convention of August...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... prescribed under the Geneva Convention of August 12, 1949. 506.16 Section 506.16 Public Welfare Regulations... the conditions and requirements prescribed under the Geneva Convention of August 12, 1949. For the purpose of this part, obligations under the Geneva Convention of August 12, 1949, consist of...

  11. Performance of the SwissQuantum network over 21 months

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stucki, Damien; Legré, Matthieu; Monat, Laurent; Robyr, Samuel; Trinkler, Patrick; Ribordy, Grégoire; Thew, Rob; Walenta, Nino; Gisin, Nicolas; Buntschu, François; Perroud, Didier; Litzistorf, Gerald; Tavares, Jose; Ventura, Stefano; Junod, Pascal; Voirol, Raphael; Monbaron, Patrick

    2011-11-01

    In this paper, we present the architecture and results of the SwissQuantum quantum key distribution (QKD) network. This three nodes triangular quantum network was running from March 2009 to January 2011 in the Geneva metropolitan area. The three trusted nodes were located at the University of Geneva (Unige), the CERN and the University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland in Geneva (hepia Geneva). This quantum network was deployed to prove reliability of QKD in telecommunication network over a long period. To facilitate integration of QKD in telecommunication network, this quantum network was composed of three layers: a quantum layer, a key management layer, and an application layer. The keys are distributed in the first layer; they are handled in the second layer; and they are used in the third layer.

  12. A Novel Tram Stent Method in the Treatment of Coronary Bifurcation Lesions - Finite Element Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark C Arokiaraj

    Full Text Available A novel stent was designed for the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesion, and it was investigated for its performance by finite element analysis. This study was performed in search of a novel method of treatment of bifurcation lesion with provisional stenting. A bifurcation model was created with the proximal vessel of 3.2 mm diameter, and the distal vessel after the side branch (2.3 mm was 2.7 mm. A novel stent was designed with connection links that had a profile of a tram. Laser cutting and shape setting of the stent was performed, and thereafter it was crimped and deployed over a balloon. The contact pressure, stresses on the arterial wall, stresses on the stent, the maximal principal log strain of the main artery and the side-branch were studied. The study was performed in Abaqus, Simulia. The stresses on the main branch and the distal branch were minimally increased after deployment of this novel stent. The side branch was preserved, and the stresses on the side branch were lesser; and at the confluence of bifurcation on either side of the side branch origin the von-Mises stress was marginally increased. The stresses and strain at the bifurcation were significantly lesser than the stresses and strain of the currently existing techniques used in the treatment of bifurcation lesions though the study was primarily focused only on the utility of the new technology. There is a potential for a novel Tram-stent method in the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions.

  13. The anatomical and neurophysiological basis of the sensate free TRAM and DIEP flaps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yap, L H; Whiten, S C; Forster, A; Stevenson, J H

    2002-01-01

    Recent developments in autogenous breast reconstruction using the rectus abdominis myocutaneous free flap include attempts to reinnervate the flap tissue. We have carried out anatomical studies to determine the nature of abdominal-wall cutaneous innervation, with particular emphasis on the harvesting of sensate flaps. Dissections were performed on four embalmed and 12 fresh human cadavers (32 sides). The lowest five intercostal nerve trunks were identified and traced to the lateral border of the rectus sheath. A detailed dissection of the intramuscular course of the nerves and associated vasculature was performed. The relationship of the nerves to the vascular perforators used for rectus abdominis myocutaneous flaps was determined visually, and confirmed histologically. In contrast to previous studies, we show that nerves supplying cutaneous sensation can travel with both medial and lateral vascular perforators. In order to confirm clinically useful innervation, the abdominal flap skin of five patients undergoing TRAM flap reconstruction was stimulated electrically, and sensory recordings were made directly from the related intercostal nerve just prior to flap harvest. These studies represent, to our knowledge, the first clinical application of neurophysiological techniques to outline the perforator neurosomes of flaps based on the deep inferior epigastric vascular axis. We provide the first comprehensive study of abdominal-wall innervation with regard to sensate free-flap harvest. Our dissections show complex patterns of abdominal skin innervation that have not been previously described. The implications for sensate free TRAM and DIEP flap reconstructions, as well as the potential for more accurate inclusion of innervated flap skin, are discussed. Copyright 2002 The British Association of Plastic Surgeons.

  14. DMPD: The Troll in Toll: Mal and Tram as bridges for TLR2 and TLR4 signaling. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 17449723 The Troll in Toll: Mal and Tram as bridges for TLR2 and TLR4 signaling. Sh...eedy FJ, O'Neill LA. J Leukoc Biol. 2007 Aug;82(2):196-203. Epub 2007 Apr 20. (.png) (.svg) (.html) (.csml) Show The... Troll in Toll: Mal and Tram as bridges for TLR2 and TLR4 signaling. PubmedID 17449723 Title The Tro

  15. Geneva University: Recent developments on 3D sensors

    CERN Multimedia

    Geneva University

    2011-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday  2 November  2011 SEMINAIRE DE PHYSIQUE CORPUSCULAIRE at 17.00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium “Recent developments on 3D sensors” Dr Cinzia Da Via, University of Manchester, UK 3D are a novel kind of silicon radiation sensors where electrodes are micromachined inside the semiconductor substrate rather than being processed on its surfaces. This is possible by using Deep Reaction Io Etching, the same technique used to Fabricate MEMS (Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems). Properties of this innovative design include extreme radiation hardness and high speed. Several Industrial partners and Academic institutes successfully joined together to accelerate the transition between the 3D R&D phase and Industrialization. This seminar will ...

  16. Pint of Science | 20-21 May | Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    Pint of Science, established in 2012 in the UK, is an event that aims to make science accessible and fun by bringing current scientific research to the welcoming atmosphere of a pub.   Pint of Science is run by groups of enthusiastic postgraduate students and postdoctoral researchers in various countries around the world. This year Switzerland joins the global event (run in parallel in France, UK, Ireland, USA and Australia), and events will be held in Geneva on 20 -21 May from 20:00 in Le Scandale and Lady Godiva. Join us for a drink to hear about: Data Parallelism and Big Data (EN) Big Data and Disaster Relief (EN) Medical software, graphics and imaging (EN) Memory mapping and the perception of reality (EN) Interactive Lab Experiments (FR) Cosmology (FR) Particle Physics (EN) Talks at Le Scandale will be mostly in French; talks at Lady Godiva will be in English. For more info: http://www.pintofscience.ch/

  17. Clinical Data Models at University Hospitals of Geneva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vishnyakova, Dina; Gaudet-Blavignac, Christophe; Baumann, Philippe; Lovis, Christian

    2016-01-01

    In order to reuse data for clinical research it is then necessary to overcome two main challenges - to formalize data sources and to increase the portability. Once the challenge is resolved, it then will allow research applications to reuse clinical data. In this paper, three data models such as entity-attribute-value, ontological and data-driven are described. Their further implementation at University Hospitals of Geneva (HUG) in the data integration methodologies for operational healthcare data sources of the European projects such as DebugIT and EHR4CR and national project the Swiss Transplant Cohort Study are explained. In these methodologies the clinical data are either aligned according to standardised terminologies using different processing techniques or transformed and loaded directly to data models. Then these models are compared and discussed based on the quality criteria. The comparison shows that the described data models are strongly dependent on the objectives of the projects.

  18. An Analysis on Turkey’s First Tram Silkworm (İpekböceği Line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerem Oğuz ŞİMİT

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The role of tramways as an alternative public transportation system has been increasing in urban transportation system.  Although, the use of tramway is not at desired level compared to the use of rubber-tired based public transportation modes in Turkey, the SilkWorm (İpekböceği, being the first domestic tram produced in Turkey, will have a great impact on Turkey rail public transportation system.  However, some arguments have arisen over its first operation on T1 tram line in Bursa which was built in the end of 2013. Though, it is relatively very new one, some problems have already been observed on this line. The available data are not enough yet to do some analysis, therefore only a simple SWOT analysis is carried out to define the problems that appeared after its operation on the line and to put forward some possible solutions for them.

  19. Variotram and Tango. Tram concepts for the 21{sup st} century; Variobahn und Tango. Strassenbahnkonzepte fuer das 21. Jahrhundert

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heroux, Patrick; Braker, Ulf [Stadler Pankow GmbH, Berlin (Germany). Bereich Stadt- und Strassenbahnen

    2009-06-15

    Variotrams have been running successfully in numerous German towns and cities since 1993. They and the Tangos together have now covered more than 30 million operational kilometres. From the increasing number of orders placed over the last four years it seems reasonable to conclude that the continuous further development of these trams and the use of tried-and-tested components is the correct way of reacting flexibly to the ever-tougher challenges of the marketplace. (orig.)

  20. Tool for rapid annotation of microbial SNPs (TRAMS): a simple program for rapid annotation of genomic variation in prokaryotes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reumerman, Richard A; Tucker, Nicholas P; Herron, Paul R; Hoskisson, Paul A; Sangal, Vartul

    2013-09-01

    Next generation sequencing (NGS) has been widely used to study genomic variation in a variety of prokaryotes. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) resulting from genomic comparisons need to be annotated for their functional impact on the coding sequences. We have developed a program, TRAMS, for functional annotation of genomic SNPs which is available to download as a single file executable for WINDOWS users with limited computational experience and as a Python script for Mac OS and Linux users. TRAMS needs a tab delimited text file containing SNP locations, reference nucleotide and SNPs in variant strains along with a reference genome sequence in GenBank or EMBL format. SNPs are annotated as synonymous, nonsynonymous or nonsense. Nonsynonymous SNPs in start and stop codons are separated as non-start and non-stop SNPs, respectively. SNPs in multiple overlapping features are annotated separately for each feature and multiple nucleotide polymorphisms within a codon are combined before annotation. We have also developed a workflow for Galaxy, a highly used tool for analysing NGS data, to map short reads to a reference genome and extract and annotate the SNPs. TRAMS is a simple program for rapid and accurate annotation of SNPs that will be very useful for microbiologists in analysing genomic diversity in microbial populations.

  1. TRAM-Derived Decoy Peptides inhibits the inflammatory response in mouse mammary epithelial cells and a mastitis model in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Xiaoyu; Tian, Yuan; Wang, Tiancheng; Zhang, Wenlong; Wang, Wei; Gao, Xuejiao; Qu, Shihui; Cao, Yongguo; Zhang, Naisheng

    2015-10-05

    It has been proved that TRAM-Derived Decoy peptides have anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we synthesized a TRAM-Derived decoy peptide (TM6), belongs to TRAM TIR domain, of which sequence is "N"-RQIKIWFQNRRMKWK, KENFLRDTWCNFQFY-"C" and evaluated the effects of TM6 on lipopolysaccharide-induced mastitis in mice. In vivo, LPS-induced mice mastitis model was established by injection of LPS through the duct of mammary gland. TM6 was injected 1h before or after LPS treatment. In vitro, primary mouse mammary epithelial cells were used to investigate the effects of TM6 on LPS-induced inflammatory responses. The results showed that TM6 inhibited LPS-induced mammary gland histopathologic changes, MPO activity, and TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 production in mice. In vitro, TM6 significantly inhibited LPS-induced TNF-α and IL-6 production, as well as NF-κB and MAPKs activation. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that TM6 had protective effects on LPS-mastitis and may be a promising therapeutic reagent for mastitis treatment. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. “Emergency” definitive reconstruction of a necrotising fasciitis thigh debridement defect with a pedicled TRAM flap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Tom; Yu, Jonathan T.S.; Wong, Kai Yuen; Malata, Charles M.

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION Necrotising fasciitis (NF) is a rare, severe, rapidly progressing and life-threatening synergistic infection primarily affecting the superficial fascia. A novel method of definitive and aesthetic reconstruction of NF thigh defects by using a pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) flap without recourse to temporising skin grafts is presented. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 30-year-old parous woman presented in extremis with fulminant NF of her left anteromedial thigh. Following emergency radical debridement and intensive care stabilisation she was reconstructed 48 h later in a single stage with a pedicled TRAM flap islanded on the ipsilateral deep inferior epigastric vessels. There was excellent contour restoration of her thigh and coverage of the exposed femoral vessels. DISCUSSION Pedicled flaps based on the rectus abdominis muscle provide a large, readily available reconstructive option for correction of substantial regional defects as herein illustrated. They are robust when based on dominant inferior vascular pedicle with a long reach and wide arc of rotation when designed transversely (as a TRAM flap). CONCLUSION This case also illustrates that definitive flap reconstruction of NF can be successfully undertaken in the emergent setting, thereby negating the need for large areas of skin grafting which can lead to contractures with consequent functional impairment and suboptimal aesthetic results. PMID:23548707

  3. A Leviathan takes shape beneath Geneva's gentle environs Robert Aymar interview

    CERN Multimedia

    Durrani, M

    2004-01-01

    "Looking at this tranquil agricultural plain between Lake Geneva and the Jura mountains, it is hard to imagine that 100 metres below the surface a machine of epic proportions is taking shape." (2 pages)

  4. Geneva Meeting Pushes Climate Finance to Top of “Cancun Agenda”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Last week,Ministers and other high level officials made progress on establishing the details of how hundreds of billions of dollars in climate aid will be raised and distributed at an informal meeting in Geneva,Switzerland.

  5. Stochastic Generation of Wind Patterns over Lake Geneva

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, D. A.; Barry, C. E.; Razmi, A. M.; Lemmin, U.; Le Dantec, N.

    2011-12-01

    Lake Geneva (length 74 km on the long east-west axis, surface area 562 km2, volume 89 km3) is a freshwater lake bordered by Switzerland and France. The lake's hydrodynamics are forced principally by wind and seasonality, with inflows and the Coriolis effect playing relatively minor roles. Of the major forcings, wind is highly variable due to the rapid changes in topography around the lake, with mountains in the east and relatively gentle landscapes in the west. Numerous field investigations have revealed that the lake's currents, which are dominated by the wind, are likewise highly variable. In particular, analysis of field measurements of Lake Geneva's wind and currents found that the lake's currents during the summer stratification period are consistent with diurnal winds and long-fetch synoptic events (Lemmin and D'Adamo, Annales Geophysicae, 1996). Obviously, a quantitative understanding of the wind forcing is a prerequisite for evaluating the current patterns in the lake. Hourly wind patterns (produced using the non-hydrostatic, fully compressible COSMO model) at 10 m above the lake were provided by MeteoSuisse (the Swiss meteorological service) on a 2.2 km2 grid for 2009-2010. These patterns were categorized using the k-means data-mining method, with each pattern assigned an arbitrary integer index 1, 2, 3, etc., along with the pattern's frequency. For later use, all wind fields corresponding to a given pattern were grouped into bins. It was found that the index frequencies could be approximated by a Poisson distribution with a characteristic temporal autocorrelation time of around 15-20 hours. More specifically, the wind pattern autocorrelation has an initial rapid, power law-like decline (~αt, where α ≈ 0.8 and t is the lag in hours) for about 24 hours, then a slow decay. The main features of this behavior (Poisson process with a power-law autocorrelation) were captured by an integer auto-regressive process, the INAR(1) model. This model was used as a

  6. A prospective study comparing the functional impact of SIEA, DIEP, and muscle-sparing free TRAM flaps on the abdominal wall: Part II. Bilateral reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selber, Jesse C; Fosnot, Joshua; Nelson, Jonas; Goldstein, Jesse; Bergey, Meredith; Sonnad, Seema; Serletti, Joseph M

    2010-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the impact of bilateral free flap breast reconstruction on the abdominal wall. This is the second installation of a two-part series. Presented here are bilateral combinations of three techniques: the muscle-sparing free transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap, deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap, and superficial inferior epigastric artery (SIEA) flap. A blinded prospective cohort study was performed involving 234 patients. Patients were evaluated preoperatively and for 1 year postoperatively. At each encounter, patients underwent objective abdominal strength testing using the Manual Muscle Function Test and Functional Independence Measure and psychometric testing using the Short Form 36 questionnaire. At postoperative visits, patients also completed a questionnaire specific to breast reconstruction. Statistical analysis included the Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney, Friedman, and Wilcoxon signed rank tests. A total of 234 patients were enrolled. Of these, 157 underwent reconstruction, 82 of which were bilateral. There was a significant decline in upper (p=0.02) and lower (p=0.05) abdominal strength from bilateral free TRAM flaps compared with bilateral DIEP flaps. Likewise, there was a significant decline in upper (p=0.055) and lower (p=0.04) abdominal strength from bilateral free TRAM flaps compared with bilateral SIEA flaps. For combinations, the most muscle impairment to least was as follows: free TRAM/free TRAM, free TRAM/DIEP, DIEP/DIEP, DIEP/SIEA, and SIEA/SIEA. The free TRAM/SIEA data were not significant. Although psychometric testing showed trends, there was no significant difference among treatment groups. Abdominal wall strength following various combinations of bilateral free flap breast reconstruction techniques closely adheres to theoretical predictions based on the degree of surgical muscle sacrifice.

  7. Development of a Prototype Web GIS-Based Disaster Management System for Safe Operation of the Next Generation Bimodal Tram, South Korea—Focused Flooding and Snowfall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Won Seok Jang

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The Korea Railroad Research Institute (KRRI has developed a bimodal tram and advanced bus rapid transit (BRT system which is an optimized public transit system created by mixing the railway’s punctual operation and the bus’ easy and convenient access. The bimodal tram system provides mass-transportation service with an eco-friendly and human-centered approach. Natural disasters have been increasing worldwide in recent years, including floods, snow, and typhoons disasters. Flooding is the most frequent natural disaster in many countries and is increasingly a concern with climate change; it seriously affects people’s lives and productivity, causing considerable economic loss and significant damage. Enhanced conventional disaster management systems are needed to support comprehensive actions to secure safety and convenience. The objective of this study is to develop a prototype version of a Web GIS-based bimodal tram disaster management system (BTDMS using the Storm Water Management Model (SWMM 5.0 to enhance on-time operation and safety of the bimodal tram system. The BTDMS was tested at the bimodal tram test railroad by simulating probable maximum flood (PMF and snow melting for forecasting flooding and snow covered roads. This result could provide the basis for plans to protect against flooding disasters and snow covered roads in operating the bimodal tram system. The BTDMS will be used to assess and predict weather impacts on roadway conditions and operations and thus has the potential to influence economic growth. The methodology presented in this paper makes it possible to manage impacts of flooding and snowfall on urban transportation and enhance operation of the bimodal tram system. Such a methodology based on modeling could be created for most metropolitan areas in Korea and in many other countries.

  8. [High frequency of cutaneous adverse effects under infliximab. Geneva experience, 1999-2008].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seydtaghia, Floriane; De Saussure, Philippe; Hadengue, Antoine

    2011-03-16

    Geneva experience, 1999-2008 Infliximab has been used for 10 years in the treatment of chronic inflammatory bowel diseases in the gastroenterology and hepatology department at the University Hospitals of Geneva. This retrospective study shows the follow-up of these patients treated with infliximab and reveals a high rate of cutaneous adverse events, which, although often mild, can sign a definitive intolerance to treatment.

  9. External meeting - Geneva University: Precision measurements in spin physics

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY ECOLE DE PHYSIQUE Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 - Tél: 022 379 62 73 - Fax: 022 379 69 92 Wednesday 28 March 2007 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium Precision measurements in spin physics by Dr. Steven Bass / CERN - Innsbruck The proton spin problem has been challenging experimentalists and theorists alike for the last 20 years. Polarized deep inelastic scattering experiments at CERN, DESY and SLAC have told us that quark partons contribute only about 30% of the proton's spin whereas relativistic quark models predict 60%. Where is the missing spin and why is the quark spin contribution so small? In this talk I will give an overview of the proton spin problem and what it may be telling us about QCD, the vacuum and dynamical symmetry breaking. A precise measurement of neutrino-proton elastic scattering would make a vital contribution to resolving many of the outstanding issues. Information: http://dpnc...

  10. Geneva University: Search for the Higgs Boson at the LHC

    CERN Multimedia

    2011-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 16 November  2011 SEMINAIRE DE PHYSIQUE CORPUSCULAIRE at 17.00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium Search for the Higgs Boson at the LHC Prof Karl Jakobs, Université de Freiburg, Allemagne One of the prime tasks of the physics programme of the LHC is the investigation of electroweak symmetry breaking. In the Standard Model the Higgs mechanism is invoked to give masses to the electroweak gauge bosons and fermions and to restore unitarity of the theory at high energies. Although the Higgs mechanism is one of the cornerstones of the Standard Model it is experimentally not validated and the associated Higgs boson has escaped detection so far. The data accumulated at the LHC in the years 2010/11 allow already to establish tighter constraints on the allow...

  11. CANCELLED External meeting - Geneva University: The Physics of Graphene

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY ECOLE DE PHYSIQUE Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE Tél : 022 379 62 73 - Fax: 022 379 69 92 Lundi 19 mars 2007 COLLOQUE DE LA SECTION DE PHYSIQUE 17:00 - Auditoire Stueckelberg The Physics of Graphene Prof. Andre Geim / University of Manchester When one writes with a pencil, thin crystallites of graphite are left on the surface. Some of them are only one atom thick and can be viewed as individual atomic planes pulled out from bulk graphite. Until two years ago, this strictly 2D material called graphene was presumed not to exist in the free state. I will overview our experimental work concentrating on its electronic properties, which are governed by equations of the relativistic quantum physics rather than the standard Schrödinger equation. Most unusual phenomena found in graphene include two new types of the quantum Hall effect, a finite conductivity \\approx e^2/h in the limit of vanishing carrier concentrations, the suppression ...

  12. Environmental Sensing of Aquatic Systems at the University of Geneva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakker, Eric; Tercier-Waeber, Mary-Lou; Cherubini, Thomas; Crespi, Miquel Coll; Crespo, Gastón A; Cuartero, Maria; Afshar, Majid Ghahraman; Jarolimova, Zdenka; Jeanneret, Stéphane; Mongin, Sandrine; Néel, Bastien; Pankratova, Nadezda; Touilloux, Romain; Xie, Xiaojiang; Zhai, Jingying

    2014-11-01

    Aquatic environments are complex living systems where biological and chemical constituents change rapidly with time and space and may exhibit synergistic interactions. To understand these processes, the traditional approach based on a typically monthly collection of samples followed by laboratory analysis is not adequate. It must be replaced by high-resolution autonomous in situ detection approaches. In our group at the University of Geneva, we aim to develop and deploy chemical sensor probes to understand complex aquatic systems. Most research centers around electrochemical sensing approaches, which involves: stripping voltammetry at gel-coated microelectrode arrays for direct measurements of bioavailable essential or toxic trace metals; direct potentiometry for the measurement of nutrients and other species involved in the nitrogen and carbon cycles; online desalination for oceanic measurements; the development of robust measurement principles such as thin layer coulometry, and speciation analysis by tandem electrochemical detection with potentiometry and dynamic electrochemistry. These fundamental developments are combined with instrument design, both in-house and with external partners, and result in field deployments in partnership with environmental researchers in Switzerland and the European Union.

  13. Geneva University - Les catégories pour la physique

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2012-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92   Lundi 27 février 2012 17h00 - Auditoire Stueckelberg « Les catégories pour la physique » Marc Lachièze-Rey AstroParticule et Cosmologie Université Paris 7 Diderot, Paris La théorie des catégories est un vaste domaine des mathématiques, que l'on peut comparer à la théorie des ensembles avec une dimension de plus. De nombreuses théories et théorèmes sont (re-)formulés dans ce cadre et certains mathématiciens songent à l'utiliser ce pour refonder la totalité des mathématiques. Catégories et foncteurs (morphismes entr...

  14. Reliance on double pedicle TRAM flap technique in breast reconstruction based on mammographic evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yüksel Fuat

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Breast reconstruction is now a part of the overall treatment of breast cancer. Its main drawback is rather the suspicion to conceal any probable recurrence. Fat necrosis is a particularly important finding because it can be mistaken for a local recurrence. Alternatively, local recurrences may be dismissed as areas of fat necrosis. Fat necrosis is a relatively minor complication of TRAM flap breast reconstruction but one that can induce anxiety, expense, and inconvenience for patients and concerns about tumor recurrence. The techniques selected for reconstruction must carry the least risks for these awful complications. 15 breast cancer cases were treated in our center by using Bostwick′s principles. These include double-pedicle technique in cases with one or two risk factors and added vascular delay two weeks prior to this procedure in cases with more risk factors. During the follow up period, neither the patients nor her physicians experienced any nodules in their treatment sites clinically. One case is the only exception that she felt hardness but it softened. Mammographically, no images of fat necrosis were observed in any of the cases. In contrary to other studies reporting no advantages of double pedicle technique to lessen the risk for fat necrosis, we observed fat necrosis only in one of 15 cases. This may be because both sides of the flap are supplied axially and delay procedures are added in high risk patients.

  15. 100%低地板有轨电车动力学性能研究%Study on Dynamics Characteristics of 100% Low-floor Tram

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雷; 黄运华

    2015-01-01

    The dynamics model of 100% low‐floor tram was established with the multi‐body dynamics analysis software SIMPACK . The dynamics performances of 100% low‐floor tram which includes running stability , ride comfort and curve passing were researched .The analysis results indicate that the dynamics model of 100% low‐floor tram has excellent running stability , ride comfort and little‐radius curve passing capability .%利用SIM PACK多体动力学软件建立了100%低地板有轨电车的动力学模型,并对其运行稳定性、平稳性和曲线通过性能进行了动力学仿真计算。分析结果表明,该车具有良好的稳定性、平稳性和小半径曲线通过能力。

  16. The 2.5 Å structure of the enterococcus conjugation protein TraM resembles VirB8 type IV secretion proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goessweiner-Mohr, Nikolaus; Grumet, Lukas; Arends, Karsten; Pavkov-Keller, Tea; Gruber, Christian C; Gruber, Karl; Birner-Gruenberger, Ruth; Kropec-Huebner, Andrea; Huebner, Johannes; Grohmann, Elisabeth; Keller, Walter

    2013-01-18

    Conjugative plasmid transfer is the most important means of spreading antibiotic resistance and virulence genes among bacteria and therefore presents a serious threat to human health. The process requires direct cell-cell contact made possible by a multiprotein complex that spans cellular membranes and serves as a channel for macromolecular secretion. Thus far, well studied conjugative type IV secretion systems (T4SS) are of Gram-negative (G-) origin. Although many medically relevant pathogens (e.g., enterococci, staphylococci, and streptococci) are Gram-positive (G+), their conjugation systems have received little attention. This study provides structural information for the transfer protein TraM of the G+ broad host range Enterococcus conjugative plasmid pIP501. Immunolocalization demonstrated that the protein localizes to the cell wall. We then used opsonophagocytosis as a novel tool to verify that TraM was exposed on the cell surface. In these assays, antibodies generated to TraM recruited macrophages and enabled killing of pIP501 harboring Enteroccocus faecalis cells. The crystal structure of the C-terminal, surface-exposed domain of TraM was determined to 2.5 Å resolution. The structure, molecular dynamics, and cross-linking studies indicated that a TraM trimer acts as the biological unit. Despite the absence of sequence-based similarity, TraM unexpectedly displayed a fold similar to the T4SS VirB8 proteins from Agrobacterium tumefaciens and Brucella suis (G-) and to the transfer protein TcpC from Clostridium perfringens plasmid pCW3 (G+). Based on the alignments of secondary structure elements of VirB8-like proteins from mobile genetic elements and chromosomally encoded T4SS from G+ and G- bacteria, we propose a new classification scheme of VirB8-like proteins.

  17. A TRAM flap design refinement for use in delayed breast reconstruction.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Patel, A J K

    2009-09-01

    Autologous breast reconstruction following mastectomy is commonly achieved using the free Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous (TRAM) flap. Since its first description, refinements and modifications have resulted in improved operative techniques and more aesthetically pleasing reconstructions. Pre-operative flap design, however, is a relatively new concept that has not received much attention in the literature. Patients who undergo breast reconstruction may have large, ptotic contralateral breasts. In these patients there is a tendency to raise a large abdominal flap in an attempt to achieve symmetry, or simply a larger breast. This has the potential to lead to tight closure of the abdomen and the risk of subsequent wound problems. Reconstructions that are too small or have inadequate ptosis commit the patient to contralateral breast surgery to achieve symmetry. Pre-operatively designing the flap, using a template created from the opposite breast, can help achieve a good match, often reducing the need for contralateral breast surgery. Even when contralateral breast reduction surgery is planned in advance, many of these patients still require, and prefer, a large reconstruction in order to achieve a well-proportioned result. We present a design template that addresses these particular issues and in the senior author\\'s hands has proved to be a very effective technique. Our technique allows raising an abdominal flap of less vertical height than traditionally used (thus reducing the risk of tight abdominal closure) and incorporates an inverted V-shaped flap of skin from the inferior mastectomy skin flap into the reconstruction. This allows more flap tissue to be available to fill the upper poles of the reconstructed breast and at the same time produces good ptosis.

  18. 1-J operation of monolithic composite ceramics with Yb:YAG thin layers: multi-TRAM at 10-Hz repetition rate and prospects for 100-Hz operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divoky, Martin; Tokita, Shigeki; Hwang, Sungin; Kawashima, Toshiyuki; Kan, Hirofumi; Lucianetti, Antonio; Mocek, Tomas; Kawanaka, Junji

    2015-03-15

    Experimental amplification of 10-ns pulses to energy of 1 J at repetition rate of 10-100 Hz in cryogenic multipass total-reflection active-mirror (TRAM) amplifier is reported for the first time. By using a monolithic multi-TRAM, which is a YAG ceramic composite with three thin Yb:YAG active layers, efficient energy extraction was achieved without parasitic lasing. A detailed measurement of output characteristics of the laser amplifier is presented; results are discussed and compared with numerical calculations.

  19. Users, uses and potential of electric-assisted bicycles - Results of a survey in the Canton of Geneva; Usagers, usages et potentiel des velos a assistance electrique. Resultats d'une enquete menee dans le canton de Geneve

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernardoni, S.; Iseli, A.; Munafo, S.

    2009-12-15

    The municipal, regional and national authorities wanted to assess the potential of electric-assisted bicycles in the Geneva region. A survey performed by the University of Geneva is reported. The following points were investigated: (i) Who uses an electric bicycle? (ii) How is an electric bicycle used? (iii) Why is an electric bicycle purchased? (iv) How many people could potentially use an electric bicycle in the Geneva region? (v) How much energy would be saved and what fraction of the carbon dioxide emissions would be avoided thanks to electric bicycles in the region? Some interesting results: Most current electric bicycle users are women and live in Geneva outskirts. Most users have an academic degree or equivalent and have a good job. Most of them have also a car and other bicycles without electric motor. The main uses of electric bicycles is commuting between house and job locations, leisure activities and shopping. The average annual distance per electric bicycle is about 3000 km. The majority of the electric bicycles in use are limited to 25 km/h and can be driven without any license. The users wish an extension of the bicycle track network along the roads and of the protected parking areas. The number of potential users in the City of Geneva is estimated to 9% or 15,600 new users and to 10% or 43,000 new users in the suburbs. In 2030, 7,500,000 litres-equivalent of gasoline could be annually saved in the region and more than 16,000 tons CO{sub 2} emissions avoided.

  20. Thirty-three Years of Synthetic Organic Chemistry in Geneva: Reminiscences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snowden, Roger L

    2009-12-01

    After thirty-three years of synthetic organic chemistry research in Geneva, three years as a postdoc at the Université de Genève and over thirty years working at Firmenich, a world-renowned flavour and fragrance company, Dr. Roger L. Snowden, Vice President Synthesis, Corporate R&D Division, Firmenich retraces his career back to 1975 when he arrived in Switzerland. A brief autobiographical sketch of this British national is presented, together with the reasons why Geneva turned out to be where he was to effect the major part of his scientific career.

  1. Macromolecules and Enzymes: The Geneva Heritage from Kurt H. Meyer and Edmond H. Fischer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Edmond H; Piguet, Alfred

    2009-12-01

    On the 26th May 2009, Edmond Fischer, winner with Ed Krebs of the Nobel prize in physiology or medicine in 1992, and his colleague at the time of his research activities at the Ecole de chimie of the University of Geneva, Alfred Piguet, met with Andreas Hauser, Claude Piguet and Howard Riezman of the Section de chimie et biochimie of the University of Geneva to talk about how they became scientists under the impetus of Kurt H. Meyer and what became of them thereafter.

  2. Etanercept protects myocutaneous flaps from ischaemia reperfusion injury: An experimental study in a rat tram flap model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ersoy, Burak; Çevik, Özge; Çilingir, Özlem Tuğçe

    2016-08-01

    Background Being an inevitable component of free tissue transfer, ischemia-reperfusion injury tends to contribute to flap failure. TNF-α is an important proinflammatory cytokine and a prominent mediator of the ischemia-reperfusion injury. Etanercept, a soluble TNF-α binding protein, has shown anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects in animal models of renal and myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. We have designed an experimental study to investigate the effect of etanercept on myocutaneous ischemia-reperfusion injury on transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap model in rats. Methods Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 3 groups: In group 1 (sham), the TRAM flap was raised and sutured back without further intervention. In group 2 (control), the flap was raised and the ischemia-reperfusion protocol was followed. In group 3, etanercept (10 mg/kg, i.v.) was administered 10 minutes before reperfusion. At the end of the reperfusion period, biochemical and histolopathological evaluations were performed on serum and tissue samples. Results In the etanercept group the IMA and 8-OHdG levels (p = 0.005 and p = 0.004, respectively) were found significantly lower, and the GSH and SOD levels (p = 0.01 and p ischemia-reperfusion injury in skeletal muscle tissue, enhancing the TRAM flap viability. The ability of etanercept to induce ischemic tolerance suggests that it may be applicable in free-flap surgery.

  3. The Geneva gay men's health project : a community-research collaboration to assess and improve the health of gay men in Geneva, Switzerland

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Jen

    2013-01-01

    Comprehensive overviews of research in the late 1990s on health issues relevant to gay men, lesbians, bisexuals, and transgender people (LGBT) identified issues which appear to affect sexual minorities disproportionately, but the quality of the available data was deemed too poor to translate into policy initiatives. Dialogai, a gay organization in Geneva active in HIV prevention work, embarked on a community-research partnership with the Institute for Social and Preventive Medicine, Universi...

  4. Monitoring Ecosystem Dynamics Ecosystem Using Hyperspectral Reflectance and a Robotic Tram System in Barrow Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, S.; Gamon, J. A.; Tweedie, C. E.

    2012-12-01

    Understanding the future state of the earth system requires improved knowledge of ecosystem dynamics and long term observations of how ecosystem structures and functions are being impacted by global change. Improving remote sensing methods is essential for such advancement because satellite remote sensing is the only means by which landscape to continental-scale change can be observed. The Arctic appears to be impacted by climate change more than any other region on Earth. Arctic terrestrial ecosystems comprise only 6% of the land surface area on Earth yet contain an estimated 25% of global soil organic carbon, most of which is stored in permafrost. If projected increases in plant productivity do not offset forecast losses of soil carbon to the atmosphere as greenhouse gases, regional to global greenhouse warming could be enhanced. Soil moisture is an important control of land-atmosphere carbon exchange in arctic terrestrial ecosystems. However, few studies to date have examined using remote sensing, or developed remote sensing methods for observing the complex interplay between soil moisture and plant phenology and productivity in arctic landscapes. This study was motivated by this knowledge gap and addressed the following questions as a contribution to a large scale, multi investigator flooding and draining experiment funded by the National Science Foundation near Barrow, Alaska from 2005 - 2009. 1. How can optical remote sensing be used to monitor the surface hydrology of arctic landscapes? 2. What are the spatio-temporal dynamics of land-surface phenology (NDVI) in the study area and do hydrological treatment has any effect on inter-annual patterns? A new spectral index, the normalized difference surface water index (NDSWI) was developed and tested at multiple spatial and temporal scales. NDSWI uses the 460nm (blue) and 1000nm (IR) bands and was developed to capture surface hydrological dynamics in the study area using the robotic tram system. When applied to

  5. Assessment of the abdominal wall function after pedicled TRAM flap surgery for breast reconstruction: Use of modified mesh repair for the donor defect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cyriac Chacko

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The pedicled TRAM flap has been a workhorse of autologous breast reconstruction for decades. However, there has been a rising concern about the abdominal wall donor site morbidity with the use of conventional TRAM flap. This has generally been cited as one of the main reasons for resorting to "abdominal wall friendly" techniques. This study has been undertaken to assess the abdominal wall function in patients with pedicled TRAM flap breast reconstruction. The entire width of the muscle and the overlying wide disk of anterior rectus sheath were harvested with the TRAM flap in all our patients and the anterior rectus sheath defect was repaired by a Proline mesh. Materials and Methods: Abdominal wall function was studied in 21 patients who underwent simultaneous primary unipedicled TRAM flap reconstruction after mastectomy for cancer. In all the patients, the abdominal wall defect was repaired using wide sheet of Proline mesh both as inlay and onlay. The assessment tools included straight and rotational curl ups and a subjective questionnaire. The abdominal wall was also examined for any asymmetry, bulge, or hernia. The minimal follow-up was 6 months postoperative. The objective results were compared with normal unoperated volunteers. Results and Conclusions: The harvesting the TRAM flap certainly results in changes to the anterior abdominal wall that can express themselves to a variable degree. A relatively high incidence of asymptomatic asymmetry of the abdomen was seen. There was total absence of hernia in our series even after a mean follow-up period of 15.5 months. A few patients were only able to partially initiate the sit up movement and suffered an important loss of strength. In most patients, synergists took over the functional movement but as the load increased, flexion and rotation performances decreased. The lack of correlation between exercise tests and the results of the questionnaire suggests that this statistically

  6. The Swiss Education and Research Network - SWITCH - Upgrades Optical Network to Transport 10 Gbps Using Sorrento Networks DWDM Platform

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    "Sorrento Networks, a supplier of optical transport networking equipment for carriers and enterprises worldwide, today announced that SWITCH successfully completed 10 Gbps BER tests on the 220 km Zurich to Manno and 360 km Zurich to Geneva links in September and November 2003, using Sorrento's GigaMux DWDM system" (1/2 page).

  7. Monitoring ecosystem dynamics in an Arctic tundra ecosystem using hyperspectral reflectance and a robotic tram system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Santonu

    ) Is NDVI a good predictor for aboveground biomass and leaf area index (LAI) for plant species that are common in an arctic landscape? (4) How can cyberinfrastructure tools be developed to optimize ground-based remote sensing data collection, management and processing associated with a large scale experimental infrastructure? The Biocomplexity project experimentally manipulated the water table (drained, flooded, and control treatments) of a vegetated thaw lake basin to investigate the effects of altered hydrology on land-atmosphere carbon balance. In each experimental treatment, hyperspectral reflectance data were collected in the visible and near IR range of the spectrum using a robotic tram system that operated along a 300m tramline during the snow free growing period between June and August 2005-09. Water table depths (WTD) and soil volumetric water content were also collected along these transects. During 2005-2007, measurements were made without experimental treatments. Experimental treatments were run in 2008 and 2009, which involved water table being raised (+10cm) and lowered (-10cm) in flooding and draining treatments respectively. A new spectral index, the normalized difference surface water index (NDSWI) was developed and tested at multiple spatial and temporal scales. NDSWI uses the 460nm (blue) and 1000nm (IR) bands and was to capture surface hydrological dynamics in the study area using the robotic tram system. When applied to high spatial resolution satellite imagery, NDSWI was also able to capture changes in surface hydrology at the landscape scale. Interannual patterns of land-surface phenology (measured with the normalized difference vegetation index - NDVI) unexpectedly lacked marked differences under experimental conditions. Measurement of NDVI was, however, compromised when WTD was above ground level. NDVI and NDSWI were negatively correlated when WTD was above ground level, which held when scaled to MODIS imagery collected from satellite

  8. Geneva apple rootstock performance in New York state and progress in commercialization

    Science.gov (United States)

    A number of new apple rootstocks from the Cornell/USDA apple rootstock breeding project, located at Geneva NY which are resistant to the bacterial disease fire blight (Erwinia amylovora) are rapidly becoming available. Some named rootstock genotypes from this program have previously been tested in s...

  9. When physics becomes art: Signatures of the invisible lands in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Signatures of the Invisible, an exhibition that brings together science and art, arrives in Geneva next week. Thanks to CERN and the London Institute, eleven European artists have worked with physicists from the Laboratory and the result of this collaboration will be shown in the Centre d'Art Contemporain until May.

  10. Phenotype harmonization and cross-study collaboration in GWAS consortia: the GENEVA experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Siiri N.; Caporaso, Neil; Fitzpatrick, Annette L.; Agrawal, Arpana; Barnes, Kathleen; Boyd, Heather A.; Cornelis, Marilyn C.; Hansel, Nadia N.; Heiss, Gerardo; Heit, John A.; Kang, Jae Hee; Kittner, Steven J.; Kraft, Peter; Lowe, William; Marazita, Mary L.; Monroe, Kristine R.; Pasquale, Louis R.; Ramos, Erin M.; van Dam, Rob M.; Udren, Jenna; Williams, Kayleen

    2011-01-01

    Genome-wide association study (GWAS) consortia and collaborations formed to detect genetic loci for common phenotypes or investigate gene-environment (G*E) interactions are increasingly common. While these consortia effectively increase sample size, phenotype heterogeneity across studies represents a major obstacle that limits successful identification of these associations. Investigators are faced with the challenge of how to harmonize previously collected phenotype data obtained using different data collection instruments which cover topics in varying degrees of detail and over diverse time frames. This process has not been described in detail. We describe here some of the strategies and pitfalls associated with combining phenotype data from varying studies. Using the Gene Environment Association Studies (GENEVA) multi-site GWAS consortium as an example, this paper provides an illustration to guide GWAS consortia through the process of phenotype harmonization and describes key issues that arise when sharing data across disparate studies. GENEVA is unusual in the diversity of disease endpoints and so the issues it faces as its participating studies share data will be informative for many collaborations. Phenotype harmonization requires identifying common phenotypes, determining the feasibility of cross-study analysis for each, preparing common definitions, and applying appropriate algorithms. Other issues to be considered include genotyping timeframes, coordination of parallel efforts by other collaborative groups, analytic approaches, and imputation of genotype data. GENEVA's harmonization efforts and policy of promoting data sharing and collaboration, not only within GENEVA but also with outside collaborations, can provide important guidance to ongoing and new consortia. PMID:21284036

  11. OTHER SEMINARS - FIRST TUESDAY GENEVA @ CERN:
    Special Topic: Grid Technology

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2002-01-01

    17:00 - 17:05 Introduction Geneviève Morand (event organiser) introduces First Tuesday Geneva François Grey (CERN host) introduces program and speakers 17:05 - 17:15 Elevator pitches 2-3 people in the a...

  12. Phenotype harmonization and cross-study collaboration in GWAS consortia: the GENEVA experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennett, Siiri N; Caporaso, Neil; Fitzpatrick, Annette L; Agrawal, Arpana; Barnes, Kathleen; Boyd, Heather A; Cornelis, Marilyn C; Hansel, Nadia N; Heiss, Gerardo; Heit, John A; Kang, Jae Hee; Kittner, Steven J; Kraft, Peter; Lowe, William; Marazita, Mary L; Monroe, Kristine R; Pasquale, Louis R; Ramos, Erin M; van Dam, Rob M; Udren, Jenna; Williams, Kayleen

    2011-04-01

    Genome-wide association study (GWAS) consortia and collaborations formed to detect genetic loci for common phenotypes or investigate gene-environment (G*E) interactions are increasingly common. While these consortia effectively increase sample size, phenotype heterogeneity across studies represents a major obstacle that limits successful identification of these associations. Investigators are faced with the challenge of how to harmonize previously collected phenotype data obtained using different data collection instruments which cover topics in varying degrees of detail and over diverse time frames. This process has not been described in detail. We describe here some of the strategies and pitfalls associated with combining phenotype data from varying studies. Using the Gene Environment Association Studies (GENEVA) multi-site GWAS consortium as an example, this paper provides an illustration to guide GWAS consortia through the process of phenotype harmonization and describes key issues that arise when sharing data across disparate studies. GENEVA is unusual in the diversity of disease endpoints and so the issues it faces as its participating studies share data will be informative for many collaborations. Phenotype harmonization requires identifying common phenotypes, determining the feasibility of cross-study analysis for each, preparing common definitions, and applying appropriate algorithms. Other issues to be considered include genotyping timeframes, coordination of parallel efforts by other collaborative groups, analytic approaches, and imputation of genotype data. GENEVA's harmonization efforts and policy of promoting data sharing and collaboration, not only within GENEVA but also with outside collaborations, can provide important guidance to ongoing and new consortia.

  13. Evaluation of apple fruit aroma character from Geneva Malus core collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mature apple fruit from 184 lines (41 species) from the Malus core and Kazakhstan collections of the germplasm repository at the New York Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY were evaluated. Volatile compounds, taste, weight, internal ethylene concentration, starch index, firmness, and Brix...

  14. Parenting and Adolescent Identity: A Study of Indian Families in New Delhi and Geneva

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sapru, Saloni

    2006-01-01

    This article examines the ancestral and acculturated cultural meanings in immigrant Indian parenting and adolescent identity using the independence-interdependence dimension as the focus. Forty Indian parents and their adolescents in Delhi, India, and Geneva, Switzerland, were interviewed using open-ended questions and scenarios. Adolescents also…

  15. Education for Internationalism at the Nordic School for Adult Education in Geneva 1931-1939

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leppanen, Katarina

    2011-01-01

    Internationalism in the interwar era carried different meaning for different groups. A Nordic school for adult education, with the aim of raising the "international citizenship proficiency" of the Nordic peoples, was established in Geneva in 1931, through cooperation between representatives of international organisations and adult…

  16. Implementation of molecular marker technologies in the apple rootstock breeding program in Geneva - challenges and successes

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Geneva® Apple Rootstock Breeding program was initiated in the early 1970’s with the overarching goal of developing disease resistant, productive and precocious apple rootstocks. Near the turn of the century the program was joined with USDA ARS resources and in addition to focusing on releasing ...

  17. A half century retrospective study of homicide-suicide in Geneva--Switzerland: 1956-2005.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiferaw, Kebede; Burkhardt, Sandra; Lardi, Christelle; Mangin, Patrice; La Harpe, Romano

    2010-02-01

    This study provides a retrospective review from the forensic files of the University Centre of Legal Medicine in Western Switzerland in Geneva, from January 1956 to December 2005. The studied homicide-suicide cases cover a period of half a century (50 years). As a rule, all police-ordered forensic examinations of violent death cases in the Canton of Geneva are conducted by the University Centre of Legal Medicine. All of the data necessary for an exhaustive retrospective study are thus readily available. During the period covered in this work, 228 homicides were perpetrated in Geneva. In 23 cases, the homicide was followed by the suicide of the aggressor. The 34 victims of these homicides (18 women, 1 man and 15 children) had either an intimate or filial relationship with the perpetrator. Most of the suicidal perpetrators were men that killed their spouses or intimate partners, with children as additional victims in some cases. Shooting was the most common means to kill, followed by stabbing. The majority of the victims and perpetrators were Swiss nationals. This retrospective study shows that in the last 50 years, homicide-suicide cases in the Canton of Geneva have been a rare and an episodic phenomena with a very variable frequency from 1 year to another.

  18. Thirty Years of Influence: A Look Back at Geneva Smitherman's "Talkin and Testifyin"

    Science.gov (United States)

    DoBell, Daniel C.

    2008-01-01

    Thirty years after its publication, Geneva Smitherman's seminal work, "Talkin and Testifyin" continues to influence scholars, policymakers and practitioners. This article takes a look at Smitherman's work by first providing an overview of the sociolinguistic theoretical foundations that led to its publication. This is followed by a reception…

  19. Pediatric Deceased Donation-A Report of the Transplantation Society Meeting in Geneva

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martin, Dominique E.; Nakagawa, Thomas A.; Siebelink, Marion J.; Bramstedt, Katrina A.; Brierley, Joe; Dobbels, Fabienne; Rodrigue, James R.; Sarwal, Minnie; Shapiro, Ron; Dominguez-Gil, Beatriz; Danovitch, Gabriel; Sweet, Stuart C.; Trompeter, Richard S.; Moazam, Farhat; Bos, Michael A.; Delmonico, Francis L.

    2015-01-01

    The Ethics Committee of The Transplantation Society convened a meeting on pediatric deceased donation of organs in Geneva, Switzerland, on March 21 to 22, 2014. Thirty-four participants from Africa, Asia, the Middle East, Oceania, Europe, and North and South America explored the practical and ethica

  20. Force Analysis of Geneva Wheel and Face Cam Used In Automat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhoo G

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Glazerol Automat is a dedicated machine used in the Insulator pre assembly line. This automat is driven using single motor for different operations. Here the focus is on two main parts they are Geneva wheel and Face cam which are used for their respective operations. Geneva Wheel is used to index the drum which consists of 96 spindles. Due to this Geneva mechanism each of the spindles will hold the ceramic body when the drum is being indexed. Due to which there is a force which is generated in the Geneva wheel in maximum and minimum position. Face cam which is used while indexing the work piece carrier There are 2 tangential forces which are acting, one at the indexing side and the other at the driving side /cam side. The effective resultant force which is acting on the face cam while indexing work piece carrier is calculated. And these forces are analyzed using ansys and their respective Von Mises stresses and displacement plots are obtained for both the conditions based on boundary and loading conditions.

  1. Recipes for peace, rights & well-being prepared in international Geneva

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    This collection of unique recipes, produced by the Perception Change team of UNOG, showcases examples of work by Geneva-based organizations in an innovative format, as well as including three-course menus by renowned chefs from Geneva’s 5-star hotels.

  2. Extreme Networks' 10-Gigabit Ethernet enables

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    " Extreme Networks, Inc.'s 10-Gigabit switching platform enabled researchers to transfer one Terabyte of information from Vancouver to Geneva across a single network hop, the world's first large-scale, end-to-end transfer of its kind" (1/2 page).

  3. Complicaciones en el uso del colgajo TRAM pediculado para reconstrucción mamaria por cáncer

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Las opciones en reconstrucción mamaria tras tratamiento oncoquirúrgico incluyen el uso de técnicas con implantes, el uso de colgajos autólogos y la combinación de ambos métodos. A nivel internacional, la reconstrucción con tejidos autólogos es el estándar de oro para la reconstrucción mamaria y específicamente, la utilización del colgajo miocutáneo de recto abdominal (colgajo TRAM) pediculado es una de las opciones más empleadas. El presente estudio define con qué frecuencia se presentaron co...

  4. Multimodal processes scheduling in mesh-like network environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bocewicz Grzegorz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Multimodal processes planning and scheduling play a pivotal role in many different domains including city networks, multimodal transportation systems, computer and telecommunication networks and so on. Multimodal process can be seen as a process partially processed by locally executed cyclic processes. In that context the concept of a Mesh-like Multimodal Transportation Network (MMTN in which several isomorphic subnetworks interact each other via distinguished subsets of common shared intermodal transport interchange facilities (such as a railway station, bus station or bus/tram stop as to provide a variety of demand-responsive passenger transportation services is examined. Consider a mesh-like layout of a passengers transport network equipped with different lines including buses, trams, metro, trains etc. where passenger flows are treated as multimodal processes. The goal is to provide a declarative model enabling to state a constraint satisfaction problem aimed at multimodal transportation processes scheduling encompassing passenger flow itineraries. Then, the main objective is to provide conditions guaranteeing solvability of particular transport lines scheduling, i.e. guaranteeing the right match-up of local cyclic acting bus, tram, metro and train schedules to a given passengers flow itineraries.

  5. Immunization Status of Young People Attending a Youth Clinic in Geneva, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meynard, Anne; Genequand, Lydia Markham; Jeannot, Emilien; Wyler-Lazarevic, Claire-Anne; Cerutti, Bernard; Narring, Françoise

    2016-04-01

    Adolescent vaccination coverage is very variable in European countries and data are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess immunization status and analyze potential variations according to sociodemographic variables in a youth clinic in Geneva, Switzerland. Immunization status was assessed retrospectively: Tetanus (number of doses or in absence of data tetanus antibodies) and measles as indicators of childhood coverage as well as hepatitis B and human papillomavirus. All new patients (N = 390) of Geneva University Hospital's youth clinic were included between January 2010 and June 2011. Vaccine coverage was low for all vaccines regardless of sex or origin. 89% of young people tested (mostly recent immigrants with no available data) had tetanus antibodies indicating adequate childhood immunization but hepatitis B and HPV coverage was low especially in recent immigrants. Systematic assessment allows better adolescent vaccine coverage and can improve safety by avoiding unnecessary dosis.

  6. [Incidence of major lower limb amputation in Geneva: twenty-one years of observation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmona, G A; Lacraz, A; Hoffmeyer, P; Assal, M

    2014-10-22

    Between 1990 and 2010 the incidence of major lowerlimb amputations (by definition any level of amputation above the foot) in the canton of Geneva was 10.02 per 100,000 inhabitants/ year. The analysis of various population groups revealed that the presence of diabetes increased the relative risk of amputation by a factor of 20, and age 65 years or older by a factor of 9. During this 21 years period we observed a gradual decline in the incidence of amputation and an increased age at the time of amputation, despite the increasing prevalence of diabetes and an aging population. This was a reflection on the efforts of primary and secon- dary prevention, initiated in the 1980s in which Geneva was a pioneer.

  7. Profiles of international archives: Les archives Jean Piaget, University of Geneva, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burman, Jeremy Trevelyan

    2013-05-01

    This research report provides a look behind closed doors at the Jean Piaget Archives in Geneva, Switzerland. It situates the potential visitor, contextualizes the Archives in its own history, and then describes what scholars can expect to find. New details about Piaget's views on Equal Rights and Equal Pay are also provided, including a look at how they affected the women who worked his factory (esp. Bärbel Inhelder). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).

  8. 19th International Sedimentological Congress 2014 in Geneva:Theme 12—Palaeogeography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2014-01-01

    <正>At the forthcoming 19th International Sedimentological Congress(ISC2014)in Geneva,Switzerland,August 18-24,2014,the Editorial Committee of the Journal of Palaeogeography(JoP)will host Theme 12—Palaeogeography.For those who will attend ISC2014,please pay attention to the following information about this theme.1.Conveners:Zhong-Qiang Chen(China University of Geosciences(Wuhan),China.E-mail:zhong.qiang.chen@cug.edu.cn)

  9. Analysis of the Scope of "Protected Persons" in the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YAN GUANZHU

    2011-01-01

    @@ As the core of the International Humanitarian Law, the Geneva Conventions of 1949 have just celebrated their 61st anniversary.Here after a brief historic background introduction, the writer detailed analyzed the definition,exceptions, extension and deprivation of "Protected Persons" of the Convention (Ⅳ) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War with the reference of the text and commentaries of the Convention, precedents of international tribunals, teachings and others.

  10. Effectiveness of the Geneva Convention Relative to American POW’s (Prisoner of War)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1973-05-01

    without ransom, thus ending the era of widespread enslavement of prisoners of war. In 1748 Montesquieu , the French philosopher, stated that "the only... Montesquieu and Rousseau were very influential on the treatment of prisoners of war. Montesquieu maintained that, "War gives no other right over prisoner than...Geneva Conventions. The World owes a great deal of gratitude to men like Montesquieu , Jean Jacques Rousseau, Professor Lieber, and Henry Dunant for

  11. Underlying-event sensitive observables in Drell-Yan production using GENEVA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alioli, Simone [CERN Theory Division, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Bauer, Christian W.; Guns, Sam [University of California, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA (United States); Tackmann, Frank J. [Theory Group, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)

    2016-11-15

    We present an extension of the Geneva Monte Carlo framework to include multiple parton interactions (MPI) provided by Pythia8. This allows us to obtain predictions for underlying-event sensitive measurements in Drell-Yan production, in conjunction with Geneva 's fully differential NNLO calculation, NNLL{sup '} resummation for the 0-jet resolution variable (beam thrust), and NLL resummation for the 1-jet resolution variable. We describe the interface with the parton-shower algorithm and MPI model of Pythia8, which preserves both the precision of the partonic N-jet cross sections in Geneva as well as the shower accuracy and good description of soft hadronic physics of Pythia8. We present results for several underlying-event sensitive observables and compare to data from ATLAS and CMS as well as to standalone Pythia8 predictions. This includes a comparison with the recent ATLAS measurement of the beam thrust spectrum, which provides a potential avenue to fully disentangle the physical effects from the primary hard interaction, primary soft radiation, multiple parton interactions, and nonperturbative hadronization. (orig.)

  12. Mobility survey at the French/Swiss borders in the Canton of Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2011-01-01

    The Permanent Mission of Switzerland in Geneva has informed CERN that a survey of the journey habits of people travelling to Geneva will be conducted between the end of March and the beginning of April 2011 with a view to determining necessary improvements to local transport infrastructures. Questionnaires will be distributed at the borders between 6.30 a.m. and 8.30 p.m to all those travelling to Geneva, whether on foot or by two-wheeled vehicle, car, bus or train. Each crossing point will be surveyed on one day only. The distribution of the questionnaires will be organised in such a way as to cause minimum traffic disruption but is likely to cause tailbacks on certain routes. Those receiving a questionnaire will be invited to complete it on line, on the relevant web site, or to submit it by post free of charge. The Direction générale de la mobilité (DGM), the Service de la mobilité of the Canton of Vaud, the French authorities involved in organising the survey, t...

  13. Dynamics of auto- and heterotrophic picoplankton and associated viruses in Lake Geneva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Parvathi

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Microbial dynamics has been rarely investigated in Lake Geneva, which is paradoxically the largest lake in Western Europe. From a 5 month survey, we report dynamic patterns of free living viruses, bacteria and small phytoplankton abundances in response to a variety of environmental parameters. For the first time, we fractionated the primary production to separate the contribution of different size-related biological compartments and measured both bacterial and viral production in addition to experiments conducted to appreciate virus-induced bacterial mortality. We observed marked seasonal and vertical variations in picocyanobacteria, bacteria and virus abundances and production. The contribution of picoplankton and nanoplankton production to the total primary production was high in November and spring-summer transition period respectively. The impact of viral lysis on both bacteria and picocyanobacteria was significantly higher than grazing activities. Virus-induced picocyanobacterial mortality reached up to 66% compared to virus induced bacterial mortality that reached a maximum of 34% in July. Statistical analyses revealed a complex interplay between biological abundances and/or activity with environmental factors in Lake Geneva. Our results provide new evidence on the critical role played by viruses in freshwater microbial dynamics and more globally on the functioning of the microbial food webs. This study highlights the importance of further considering this biological compartment for a better understanding of the plankton ecology of Lake Geneva, especially for modeling purposes and in a context of reoligotrophication and warming of this ecosystem.

  14. Underlying event sensitive observables in Drell-Yan production using GENEVA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alioli, Simone [CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland). Theory Div.; Bauer, Christian W.; Guns, Sam [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Tackmann, Frank J. [DESY Hamburg (Germany). Theory Group

    2016-05-15

    We present an extension of the GENEVA Monte Carlo framework to include multiple parton interactions (MPI) provided by PYTHIA8. This allows us to obtain predictions for underlying-event sensitive measurements in Drell-Yan production, in conjunction with GENEVA's fully-differential NNLO calculation, NNLL{sup '} resummation for the 0-jet resolution variable (beam thrust), and NLL resummation for the 1-jet resolution variable. We describe the interface with the parton shower algorithm and MPI model of PYTHIA8, which preserves both the precision of partonic N-jet cross sections in GENEVA as well as the shower accuracy and good description of soft hadronic physics of PYTHIA8. We present results for several underlying-event sensitive observables and compare to data from ATLAS and CMS as well as to standalone PYTHIA8 predictions. This includes a comparison with the recent ATLAS measurement of the beam thrust spectrum, which provides a potential avenue to fully disentangle the physical effects from the primary hard interaction, primary soft radiation, multiple parton interactions, and nonperturbative hadronization.

  15. Underlying event sensitive observables in Drell-Yan production using GENEVA

    CERN Document Server

    Alioli, Simone; Guns, Sam; Tackmann, Frank J.

    2016-01-01

    We present an extension of the GENEVA Monte Carlo framework to include multiple parton interactions (MPI) provided by PYTHIA8. This allows us to obtain predictions for underlying-event sensitive measurements in Drell-Yan production, in conjunction with GENEVA's fully-differential NNLO calculation, NNLL' resummation for the 0-jet resolution variable (beam thrust), and NLL resummation for the 1-jet resolution variable. We describe the interface with the parton shower algorithm and MPI model of PYTHIA8, which preserves both the precision of partonic N-jet cross sections in GENEVA as well as the shower accuracy and good description of soft hadronic physics of PYTHIA8. We present results for several underlying-event sensitive observables and compare to data from ATLAS and CMS as well as to standalone PYTHIA8 predictions. This includes a comparison with the recent ATLAS measurement of the beam thrust spectrum, which provides a potential avenue to fully disentangle the physical effects from the primary hard interact...

  16. Geneva Festival, 2004: Opened with the Big Bang, closed with Creation

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    In its 50th Anniversary year, CERN had the honour of opening and closing this year's Geneva Festival. The Geneva Festival traditionally opens with a bang, but this year's was the biggest yet. On 30 July, on a warm summer's evening by Lake Geneva, several tons of fireworks replayed the early history of the Universe. Starting with the Big Bang, the display had acts representing inflation, the breaking of symmetries, the clash of antimatter and matter, hadrons and nucleosynthesis, the first atoms and the Universe becoming transparent, and the formation of stars and planets. It was a challenge to translate these very abstract ideas into more than a thousand kilograms of TNT of different colour. But, set to the music of The Matrix, Alan Parsons, and Jurassic Park, one of the most spectacular physics presentations ever staged dazzled the audience of two hundred thousand spectators. CERN physicist Rolf Landua, who scripted the narrative and worked with the pyrotechnicians on the realization, said: "From the many e...

  17. Successful implementation and results of an HPV vaccination program in Geneva Canton, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeannot, Emilien; Petignat, Patrick; Sudre, Philippe

    2015-01-01

    We describe a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program implemented since 2007 in Geneva Canton, Switzerland, that used school services, a public hospital, and private physicians as vaccination providers. We assessed program performance with the evolution of immunization coverage during the first four years of program implementation. We measured vaccination coverage of the target population using individual records of vaccination status collected by service providers and transmitted to the Geneva Canton Medical Office. The target population was 20,541 adolescent girls aged 11-19 years as of September 1, 2008, who resided in the canton when the program began. As of June 30, 2012, HPV vaccination coverage was 72.6% and 74.8% in targeted cohorts for three and two doses, respectively. The global coverage for three doses increased by 27 percentage points from December 2009 to June 2012. Coverage for girls aged 16-18 years at the beginning of the program reached 80% or more four years into the program. High coverage by this HPV vaccination program in Geneva was likely related to free vaccination and easy access to the vaccine using a combination of delivery services, including school health services, a public hospital, and private physicians, covering most eligible adolescent girls.

  18. MonDossierMedical.ch - The Personal Health Record for Every Geneva Citizen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosemberg, Aurélie; Schmid, Adian; Plaut, Olivier

    2016-01-01

    MonDossierMedical.ch is a project led by the canton of Geneva, making it possible for every patient to access his own electronic health record (EHR) and to share the medical files with his doctors. It was introduced across the canton in mid-2013, and provided to all patients free of charge. It is based on the first Swiss-wide eHealth-compliant pilot project "e-toile". The canton of Geneva developed "e-toile" as a public-private partnership together with Swiss Post and it was launched in 2011 in some of the canton's municipalities. Back then, Geneva's EHR represented the first Swiss attempt to link all healthcare professionals in the treatment chain. Today, it serves more than 6,000 patients and 400 physicians. This number is growing regularly, as well as the health care institutions (private hospitals, labs) joining the community. The project fits into the national strategy of Switzerland in establishing a national EHR by linking regional implementations like MonDossierMedical.

  19. Changing pattern of age-specific breast cancer incidence in the Swiss canton of Geneva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouchardy, Christine; Usel, Massimo; Verkooijen, Helena M; Fioretta, Gérald; Benhamou, Simone; Neyroud-Caspar, Isabelle; Schaffar, Robin; Vlastos, Georges; Wespi, Yves; Schäfer, Peter; Rapiti, Elisabetta

    2010-04-01

    Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) use declined sharply after mid-2002, when the Women's Health Initiative trial reported an association between breast cancer occurrence and HRT. Hypothesized mechanism behind this association is that HRT promotes growth of pre-existing small tumors, leading to earlier tumor detection. We evaluated the impact of the sudden decline in HRT use on age distribution of breast cancer in Geneva. We included all incident breast cancer cases recorded from 1975 to 2006 at the Geneva cancer registry. We calculated mean annual incidence rates per 100,000 for 2 year periods for three age groups and assessed temporal changes by joinpoint regression. We compared age-specific incidence curves for different periods, reflecting different prevalence rates of HRT use. After increasing constantly between 1986 and 2002 among women aged 50-69 years [annual percent change (APC): +4.4, P Geneva, breast cancer incidence rates among post-menopausal women decreased considerably with striking changes in age-specific incidence rates before, during and after the peak in HRT prevalence.

  20. Underlying-event sensitive observables in Drell-Yan production using GENEVA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alioli, Simone; Bauer, Christian W.; Guns, Sam; Tackmann, Frank J.

    2016-11-01

    We present an extension of the Geneva Monte Carlo framework to include multiple parton interactions (MPI) provided by Pythia8. This allows us to obtain predictions for underlying-event sensitive measurements in Drell-Yan production, in conjunction with Geneva 's fully differential NNLO calculation, NNLL' resummation for the 0-jet resolution variable (beam thrust), and NLL resummation for the 1-jet resolution variable. We describe the interface with the parton-shower algorithm and MPI model of Pythia8, which preserves both the precision of the partonic N-jet cross sections in Geneva as well as the shower accuracy and good description of soft hadronic physics of Pythia8. We present results for several underlying-event sensitive observables and compare to data from ATLAS and CMS as well as to standalone Pythia8 predictions. This includes a comparison with the recent ATLAS measurement of the beam thrust spectrum, which provides a potential avenue to fully disentangle the physical effects from the primary hard interaction, primary soft radiation, multiple parton interactions, and nonperturbative hadronization.

  1. Scab resistance in 'Geneva' apple is conditioned by a resistance gene cluster with complex genetic control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastiaanse, Héloïse; Bassett, Heather C M; Kirk, Christopher; Gardiner, Susan E; Deng, Cecilia; Groenworld, Remmelt; Chagné, David; Bus, Vincent G M

    2016-02-01

    Apple scab, caused by the fungal pathogen Venturia inaequalis, is one of the most severe diseases of apple worldwide. It is the most studied plant-pathogen interaction involving a woody species using modern genetic, genomic, proteomic and bioinformatic approaches in both species. Although 'Geneva' apple was recognized long ago as a potential source of resistance to scab, this resistance has not been characterized previously. Differential interactions between various monoconidial isolates of V. inaequalis and six segregating F1 and F2 populations indicate the presence of at least five loci governing the resistance in 'Geneva'. The 17 chromosomes of apple were screened using genotyping-by-sequencing, as well as single marker mapping, to position loci controlling the V. inaequalis resistance on linkage group 4. Next, we fine mapped a 5-cM region containing five loci conferring both dominant and recessive scab resistance to the distal end of the linkage group. This region corresponds to 2.2 Mbp (from 20.3 to 22.5 Mbp) on the physical map of 'Golden Delicious' containing nine candidate nucleotide-binding site leucine-rich repeat (NBS-LRR) resistance genes. This study increases our understanding of the complex genetic basis of apple scab resistance conferred by 'Geneva', as well as the gene-for-gene (GfG) relationships between the effector genes in the pathogen and resistance genes in the host.

  2. A prospective study comparing the functional impact of SIEA, DIEP, and muscle-sparing free TRAM flaps on the abdominal wall: part I. unilateral reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selber, Jesse C; Nelson, Jonas; Fosnot, Joshua; Goldstein, Jesse; Bergey, Meredith; Sonnad, Seema S; Serletti, Joseph M

    2010-10-01

    The purpose of this two-part study was to demonstrate the impact of free flap breast reconstruction on the abdominal wall. In Part I, the authors present the results for unilateral techniques. A blinded, prospective, cohort study was performed involving 234 free flap breast reconstruction patients. Patients were evaluated preoperatively, and followed for 1 year. At each encounter, patients underwent abdominal strength testing using the Upper and Lower Rectus Abdominis Manual Muscle Function Test, the Functional Independence Measure, and psychometric testing using the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey. Patients also completed a satisfaction questionnaire specific to breast reconstruction. Statistical analysis included the Kruskal-Wallis, Mann-Whitney, Friedman, and Wilcoxon signed rank tests. Two-hundred thirty-four patients were enrolled. Of these, 157 underwent reconstruction (75 of which were unilateral), completed follow-up, and were included in the analysis. There was a significantly greater decline in upper abdominal strength in patients undergoing muscle-sparing free transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap surgery compared with deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap surgery at early (p = 0.01) and late follow-up (p = 0.02). Unilateral superficial inferior epigastric artery flap procedures (n = 3) were too few for a meaningful conclusion to be reached. Lower abdominal and Functional Independence Measure scores showed no significant differences. Psychometric testing showed that there was a significant decline in physical health within the free TRAM flap group. No significant difference among groups was appreciable. In unilateral cases, the impact of the muscle-sparing free TRAM flap versus the DIEP flap follows theoretical predictions based on the degree of muscle sacrifice: the muscle-sparing free TRAM flap demonstrated a greater decline than the DIEP flap in certain measurable parameters.

  3. Skin-sparing Mastectomy and Immediate TRAM Breast Reconstruction%保留皮肤乳腺癌根治术后即时 TRAM乳房再造

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    亓发芝; 陈君雪; 顾建英; 施越冬; 张学军; 吴坤南

    2000-01-01

    目的介绍保留皮肤乳腺癌根治术后即时乳房再造方法。方法对早期乳腺癌,保留乳房皮肤,切除乳腺组织和腋窝淋巴结,应用下腹直肌肌皮瓣即时乳房再造。结果应用该方法治疗9例患者,再造乳房形态良好。结论保留皮肤乳腺癌根治术后即时乳房再造,切口小,再造乳房形态效果好,对早期乳腺癌患者是一种安全有效的治疗方法%Purpose To introduce our experience about the skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction using transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap(TRAM). Methods For early stage breast cancer,we preserved the breast skin,performed the subcutaneous glandular excision and axillary dissection,immediately reconstructed the breast using TRAM flap. Results 9 patients were treated by skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate TRAM breast reconstruction.The morphology of reconstructed breasts was excellent. Conclusions The skin-sparing mastectomy and immediate TRAM breast reconstruction is safe and effective for treating early stage breast cancer.The incision is relative small and more aesthestic.

  4. Systematic review of effects of pregnancy on breast and abdominal contour after TRAM/DIEP breast reconstruction in breast cancer survivors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alipour, Sadaf; Eskandari, Amirhossein

    2015-07-01

    Transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM) and its derivatives are the most commonly performed autologous breast reconstruction procedures. These procedures were not recommended in the past for those who planned for subsequent childbearing because of the transposition of portions of the abdominal wall during the procedure into the anatomic position of the breast, implying possible adverse effects over the contour of these manipulated areas during pregnancy and delivery. We conducted a systematic review to assess the literature on esthetic or functional consequences of childbearing over the breast and abdomen after these procedures in patients that were affected by breast cancer. A comprehensive literature search in databases and citation indexes was conducted from February 2014 to April 2015. Any paper on pregnancy after breast reconstruction by TRAM or its derivatives and modifications, written in English or French, were included. The search results underwent a first screening to exclude duplicate and irrelevant papers. Full texts were then reviewed as to the criteria for inclusion, and data were extracted into data extraction forms from eligible papers. The initial search yielded 5132 articles. After screening and review, overall 17 papers met all criteria for inclusion in this review. Our work revealed that uneventful pregnancy and delivery can be anticipated in breast cancer survivors who had undergone breast reconstruction via TRAM or its derivatives with minor negative effects on either the breast or the abdomen.

  5. Complicaciones en el uso del colgajo TRAM pediculado para reconstrucción mamaria por cáncer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.L. López-Robles

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Las opciones en reconstrucción mamaria tras tratamiento oncoquirúrgico incluyen el uso de técnicas con implantes, el uso de colgajos autólogos y la combinación de ambos métodos. A nivel internacional, la reconstrucción con tejidos autólogos es el estándar de oro para la reconstrucción mamaria y específicamente, la utilización del colgajo miocutáneo de recto abdominal (colgajo TRAM pediculado es una de las opciones más empleadas. El presente estudio define con qué frecuencia se presentaron complicaciones tras la cirugía con colgajo TRAM pediculado para reconstrucción mamaria por cáncer en el Servicio de Cirugía Plástica y Reconstructiva del Hospital Central Sur de Alta Especialidad (PEMEX de la Cuidad de México (México, en un periodo de estudio de 7 años. Además, se identifican los factores de riesgo que influyeron sobre la aparición de dichas complicaciones. Diseñamos un estudio descriptivo, observacional y retrospectivo, que incluyó a 71 pacientes, de las cuales el 59.15 % presentaron alguna complicación. La mayoría de dichas complicaciones fueron menores (54.9 % y tan solo 3 pacientes presentaron alguna complicación mayor (4.2 %. La complicación del sitio donante del colgajo más frecuente fue la aparición de hernia abdominal (9.86 %. La complicación más frecuente del colgajo y del sitio receptor fue la necrosis grasa parcial (23.94 %. Las únicas complicaciones sistémicas fueron atelectasia y tromboembolismo pulmonar, con 1 caso de cada. En el análisis bivariado, las pacientes fumadoras tuvieron un 40 % más riesgo de presentar una complicación del colgajo en comparación con las no fumadoras (p=0.041. Las pacientes sometidas a radioterapia tuvieron un incremento del 30 % en las complicaciones totales en comparación con las no radiadas (p=0.021. Al comparar el hecho de recibir quimioterapia o no y la presencia de necrosis grasa, el 32 % de las pacientes tuvo esta complicación en comparación con el 10

  6. H.E. Mr Leonid A.Skotnikov Ambassador,PermanentRepresentative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2003-01-01

    Photo 01: H.E. Mr Leonid A. Skotnikov, Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Geneva (right) with CERN Director-General, L. Maiani. Photo 02: Mr Leonid A. Skotnikov, Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Geneva. Photo 03: Mr Leonid A. Skotnikov, Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Geneva (right) with CERN Director-General, L. Maiani.

  7. His Excellency Mr Ali Naci Koru Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of Turkey to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other international organisations in Switzerland

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2017-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Ali Naci Koru Ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of Turkey to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other international organisations in Switzerland

  8. His Excellency Mr Juraj Podhorsky Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Slovak Republic to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Ordan, Julien Marius

    2017-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Juraj Podhorsky Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Slovak Republic to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

  9. Viability Analysis of Waste Tires as Material for Rail Vibration and Noise Control in Modern Tram Track Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caiyou Zhao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This research study focused on the effect of using damping chamber elements made from waste tires on railway noise reduction. First, the energy absorption characteristics of damping chamber elements with various gradation combinations and compaction indices were measured in the laboratory using compression testing. The laboratory compression results demonstrated that the optimal gradation combination of damping chamber elements is as follows: the content of fine rubber particles is 10%, the content of coarse granules is 90%, and the optimal compaction index is 0.98. Next, the findings from the laboratory compression-test studies were used to produce damping chamber elements that were applied to a full-scale modern track model in the laboratory. The measurements of the dynamic properties indicated that the damping chamber elements could significantly reduce the vibration levels of the rail head. Finally, the damping chamber elements, which had been proven effective through laboratory dynamic tests, were widely applied to test rail sections in the field. The field tests demonstrated that damping chamber elements can significantly increase the track vibration decay rate in the frequency range of 200–10000 Hz. Therefore, damping chamber elements made from waste tires are able to control rail vibration and noise in modern tram track systems.

  10. Geothermal prospection in the Greater Geneva Basin (Switzerland and France): Structural and reservoir quality assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusillon, Elme; Clerc, Nicolas; Makhloufi, Yasin; Brentini, Maud; Moscariello, Andrea

    2017-04-01

    A reservoir assessment was performed in the Greater Geneva Basin to evaluate the geothermal resources potential of low to medium enthalpy (Moscariello, 2016). For this purpose, a detail structural analysis of the basin was performed (Clerc et al., 2016) simultaneously with a reservoir appraisal study including petrophysical properties assessment in a consistent sedimentological and stratigraphical frame (Brentini et al., 2017). This multi-disciplinary study was organised in 4 steps: (1) investigation of the surrounding outcrops to understand the stratigraphy and lateral facies distribution of the sedimentary sequence from Permo-Carboniferous to Lower Cretaceous units; (2) development of 3D geological models derived from 2D seismic and well data focusing on the structural scheme of the basin to constrain better the tectonic influence on facies distribution and to assess potential hydraulic connectivity through faults between reservoir units ; (3) evaluation of the distribution, geometry, sedimentology and petrophysical properties of potential reservoir units from well data; (4) identification and selection of the most promising reservoir units for in-depth rock type characterization and 3D modeling. Petrophysical investigations revealed that the Kimmeridgian-Tithonian Reef Complex and the underlying Calcaires de Tabalcon units are the most promising geothermal reservoir targets (porosity range 10-20%; permeability to 1mD). Best reservoir properties are measured in patch reefs and high-energy peri-reefal depositional environments, which are surrounded by synchronous tight lagoonal deposits. Associated highly porous dolomitized intervals reported in the western part of the basin also provide enhanced reservoir quality. The distribution and geometry of best reservoir bodies is complex and constrained by (1) palaeotopography, which can be affected by synsedimentary fault activity during Mesozoic times, (2) sedimentary factors such as hydrodynamics, sea level variations

  11. "Just as the Structural Formula Does": Names, Diagrams, and the Structure of Organic Chemistry at the 1892 Geneva Nomenclature Congress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hepler-Smith, Evan

    2015-02-01

    At the Geneva Nomenclature Congress of 1892, some of the foremost organic chemists of the late nineteenth century crafted a novel relationship between chemical substances, chemical diagrams, and chemical names that has shaped practices of chemical representation ever since. During the 1880s, the French chemist Charles Friedel organised the nomenclature reform effort that culminated in the Geneva Congress; in the disorderly nomenclature of German synthetic chemistry, Friedel saw an opportunity to advance French national interests and his own pedagogical goals. Friedel and a group of close colleagues reconceived nomenclature as a unified field, in which all chemical names ought to relate clearly to one another and to the structure of the compounds they represented. The German chemist Adolf von Baeyer went a step farther, arguing for names that precisely and uniquely corresponded to the structural formula of each compound, tailored for use in chemical dictionaries and handbooks. Baeyer's vision prevailed at the Geneva Congress, which consequently codified rules for rigorously mapping structural formulas into names, resulting in names that faithfully represented the features of these diagrams but not always the chemical behaviour of the compounds themselves. This approach ultimately limited both the number of chemical compounds that the Geneva rules were able to encompass and the breadth of their application. However, the relationship between diagram and name established at the Geneva Congress became the foundation not only of subsequent systems of chemical nomenclature but of methods of organising information that have supported the modern chemical sciences.

  12. Inferring lateral density variations in Great Geneva Basin, western Switzerland from wells and gravity data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrier, Aurore; Lupi, Matteo; Clerc, Nicolas; Rusillon, Elme; Do Couto, Damien

    2017-04-01

    In the framework of sustainable energy development Switzerland supports the growth of renewable energies. SIG (Services Industriels de Genève) and the Canton of Geneva intend to develop the use of hydrothermal energy in western Switzerland. As a Mesozoïc-formed sedimentary basin, the Great Geneva Basin (GGB) shares geological and petrophysical similarities with the Munich area (Baviera, Germany) and Paris Basin (France). The latter already provide significant amounts of geothermal energy for district heating. The prospection phase has been launched in 2014 by SIG and aims at identifying relevant geological units and defining their geometries. Lower Cretaceous and Tertiary geological units have first been targeted as potential layers. At the depth we find these units (and according to the normal geothermal gradient), low enthalpy geothermal resources are rather expected. In this framework, our study aims at constraining and refining lateral and vertical heterogeneities of Quaternary to Cretaceous sedimentary layers in GGB. Linear velocity law is inverted at wells and then interpolated to the whole basin for each geological layer. Using time pickings from available data and Quaternary information from previous studies time to depth conversion is performed. Thickness map of every geological unit is then produced. Tertiary thickness ranges from 0 m at the NW border of the GGB at the foothill of the Jura Mountains to 3000 m in the SE of the GGB at the border with the French Alps. These observations are consistent with field and well observations. The produced thickness map will be used as a geometry support for gravity data inversion and then density lateral variations estimation. Unconstrained, and a priori constrained inversion has been performed in GGB using Gauss-Newton algorithms. Velocity versus density relationships will then enable to refine velocity law interpolation. Our procedure allowed us to reduce the uncertainty of key target formation and represents an

  13. 6th Annual European Antibody Congress 2010: November 29–December 1, 2010, Geneva, Switzerland

    OpenAIRE

    Beck, Alain; Wurch, Thierry

    2011-01-01

    The 6th European Antibody Congress (EAC), organized by Terrapinn Ltd., was held in Geneva, Switzerland, which was also the location of the 4th and 5th EAC.1,2 As was the case in 2008 and 2009, the EAC was again the largest antibody congress held in Europe, drawing nearly 250 delegates in 2010. Numerous pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies active in the field of therapeutic antibody development were represented, as were start-up and academic organizations and representatives from the...

  14. A catastrophic event in Lake Geneva region during the Early Bronze Age?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kremer, Katrina; Yrro, Blé; Marillier, François; Hilbe, Michael; Corboud, Pierre; Rachoud-Schneider, Anne-Marie; Girardclos, Stéphanie

    2013-04-01

    Similarly to steep oceanic continental margins, lake slopes can collapse, producing large sublacustrine landslides and tsunamis. Lake sediments are excellent natural archives of such mass movements and their study allows the reconstructions of these prehistoric events, such as the 563 AD large tsunami over Lake Geneva (Kremer et al, 2012). In Lake Geneva, more than 100 km of high-resolution seismic reflection profiles reveal the late Holocene sedimentation history. The seismic record shows a succession of five large lens-shaped seismic units (A to I), characterized by transparent/chaotic seismic facies with irregular lower boundaries, and interpreted as mass-movement deposits. These units are interbedded with parallel, continuous and strong amplitude reflections, interpreted as the 'background' lake sediments. The oldest dated mass movement (Unit D) covers a surface of 22 km2 in the deep basin, near the city of Lausanne. This deposit has an estimated minimum volume of 0.18 km3 and thus was very likely tsunamigenic (Kremer et al, 2012). A 12-m-long sediment core confirms the seismic interpretation of the mass movement unit and shows that the uppermost 3 m of Unit D are characterized by deformed hemipelagic sediments topped by a 5 cm thick turbidite. This deposit can be classified as a slump whose scar can be interpreted in the seismic data and visualized by multibeam bathymetry. This slump of Lausanne was likely triggered by an earthquake but a spontaneous slope collapse cannot be excluded (Girardclos et al, 2007). Radiocarbon dating of plant macro-remains reveals that the unit D happened during Early Bronze Age. Three other mass wasting deposits occurred during the same time period and may have been triggered during the same event, either by a single earthquake or by a tsunami generated by the slump of Lausanne. Although the exact trigger mechanism of the all these mass-wasting deposits remains unknown, a tsunami likely generated by this event may have affected the

  15. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 29 April 2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium Search for spin-1 excited bosons at the LHC Mihail V. Chizhov (Physics Department, Sofia University, Bulgaria) I will discuss the resonance production of new type spin-1 excited bosons, Z*, at hadron colliders. They can be observed as a Breit-Wigner resonance peak in the invariant dilepton mass distribution in the same way as the well-known hypothetical gauge bosons, Z�. This makes them very interesting objects for early searches with the LHC first data. Moreover, they have unique signatures in transverse momentum and angular distributions, which allow to distinguish them from other resonances. Information : http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire/annonce.html Organizer: J.-S. Graulich

  16. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Ecole de physiqueDépartement de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4Tél: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 25 January PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs - Stückelberg Auditorium Highlights from the ISOLDE facility by Prof. Luis Mario Fraile, CERN The ISOLDE online mass separator located at CERN provides a wide variety of radioactive ion beams for research on nuclear physics, nuclear astrophysics, fundamental interactions, condensed matter and others fields. The facility maintains an extensive physics-driven target and ion source development programme, which has helped ISOLDE keep its international status throughout decades. The low-energy programme is complemented by research performed with accelerated radioactive ion beams. This has been made possible by the REX-ISOLDE post-accelerator, which has opened up new fields of study by means of transfer reactions and Coulomb excitation of exotic nuclei. ISOLDE is integrated in the European research st...

  17. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Ecole de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Lundi 3 mars 2008 Colloquium à 17:00 – Grand Auditoire La recherche des Exoplanètes de très petites Masses Prof. Michel Mayor / Observatoire de Sauverny, Université de Genève See the French version of the article for more information.

  18. Geneva University

    CERN Document Server

    2008-01-01

    Ecole de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 29 October 2008 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Precision measurements of low-energy neutrino-nucleus interactions with the SciBooNE experiment at Fermilab by Dr Michel Sorel, IFIC (CSIC and University of Valencia) «Do all modern accelerator-based neutrino experiments need to make use of kiloton-scale detectors and decade-long exposure times? In order to study the full pattern of neutrino mixing via neutrino oscillation experiments, the answer is probably yes, together with powerful proton sources. Still, to push the sensitivity of future neutrino oscillation searches into unchartered territory, those are necessary, but not sufficient, ingredients. In addition, accurate knowledge of neutrino interactions and neutrino production is mandatory. This knowledge can be acquired via small-scale and short-term dedicated n...

  19. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2010-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 22 September 2010 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR àt 17:00 – Auditoire Stückelberg New Physics with Leading Baryons at the LHC Dr. Sebastian White, Brokhaven National Laboratory, BNL The leading baryon remnants in high energy proton-proton and nuclear collisions carry a great deal of information. In the ATLAS experiment a new device for high energy pp collider physics - the Zero Degree Calorimeter (ZDC) - has been providing information from this kinematic region and ATLAS triggers since LHC startup. Previous high energy collider experiments have measured leading protons, albeit in a miniscule range of Feynman x, and this has led to the very productive field of hard diffraction. ATLAS ZDC measurements, instead, cover neutral leading baryon and photon production over ...

  20. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Ecole de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 28 April 2008 PHYSICS COLLOQUIUM at 17.00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Gravity : an Emergent Perspective by Prof. Thanu Padmanabhan, Pune University Dean, Ganeshkhind, Pune, India I will motivate and describe a novel perspective in which gravity arises as an emergent phenomenon, somewhat like elasticity. This perspective throws light on several issues which are somewhat of a mystery in the conventional approach. Moreover it provides new insights on the dark energy problem. In fact, I will show that it is necessary to have such an alternative perspective in order to solve the cosmological constant problem.Information: http://theory.physics.unige.ch/~fiteo/seminars/COL/collist.html

  1. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 13 May 2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Observing the extreme universe with the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope Prof. Olaf Reimer / Stanford University The Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope (FGST, formerly GLAST) is an international observatory-type satellite mission with a physics program spanning from gamma-ray astronomy to particle astrophysics and cosmology. FGST was launched on June 11, 2008 and is successfully conducting science observations of the high-energy gamma-ray sky since August 2008. A varienty of discoveries has been made already, including monitoring rapid blazar variability, the existence of GeV gamma-ray bursts, and numerous new gamma-ray sources of different types, including those belonging to previously unknown gamma-ray source classes like msPSRs, globula...

  2. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 2 November 2009 Colloquium at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Laser induced electron tunnel ionization : instantaneous or invalid concept? Prof. Ursula Keller / Physics Department, ETH Zurich It is typically assumed that electrons can escape from atoms through tunneling when exposed to strong laser fields, but the timing of the process has been controversial, and far too rapid to probe in detail. We have used attosecond angular streaking [1] to place an upper limit of 34 attoseconds and an intensity-averaged upper limit of 12 attoseconds on the tunneling delay time in strong field ionization of a helium atom in the non-adiabatic tunneling regime [2]. This is the fastest process that has ever been measured. To achieve this we exploit the exact timing of a close to circular polarized intense laser field in t...

  3. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 25 February 2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Physics insights from recent HESS AGN observations by Dr. Francesca Volpe / Max-Planck-Institute for Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg The extragalactic sources are still the most powerful, variable and brightest objects in the VHE gamma-ray sky. The improved sensitivity of the new generation of ground-based instruments have increased the VHE emitting population, providing information about cosmology and giving new clues about particle acceleration mechanisms at play in active galactic nuclei. Emphasis will be put on the contribution of the H.E.S.S. experiment to the temporal variability of extragalactic gamma-ray sources, including an update on the most recent detections and on the giant flares from PKS 2155-304. Information: http://d...

  4. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél. 022 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 14 October 2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Long-lived particle searches at colliders Dr. Philippe Mermod / Oxford University The discovery of exotic long-lived particles would address a number of important questions in modern physics such as the origin and composition of dark matter and the unification of the fundamental forces. This talk will focus on searches for long-lived charged massive particles, where "charged" refers to the magnetic, electric or colour charge. Previous searches at the LEP and Tevatron Colliders allowed to put mass and cross section limits on various kinds of long-lived particles, such as Magnetic Monopoles and metastable leptons and up-type quarks. The new energy regime made available at the LHC will probe physics regions well beyond these limits. F...

  5. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2010-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tel: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 14 April 2010 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium Dark Matter and the XENON Experiment By Dr. Marc Schumann, Physik Institut, Universität Zürich There is convincing astrophysical and cosmological evidence that most of the matter in the Universe is dark: It is invisible in every band of the electromagnetic spectrum. Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are promising Dark Matter candidates that arise naturally in many theories beyond the Standard Model. Several experiments aim to directly detect WIMPs by measuring nuclear recoils from WIMPs scattered on target nuclei. In this talk, I will give an overview on Dark Matter and direct Dark Matter detection. Then I will focus on the XENON100 experiment, a 2-phase liquid/gas time projection chamber (TPC) that ...

  6. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Ecole de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 14th May 2008 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 – Stückelberg Auditorium CREAM, une expérience d’étude du rayonnement cosmique nucléaire à haute énergie entre 1 et 1000TeV by Dr Michel Buénerd, Laboratoire de Physique Subatomique et de Cosmologie, Grenoble L’expérience CREAM (Cosmic Ray Energetics and Mass) a volé sous un ballon au-dessus du continent Antarctique en décembre-janvier derniers. L’exposé comprendra une présentation des objectifs du programme scientifique, une description générale de l’instrumentation, plus détaillée pour l’imageur Cherenkov, et une narration illustrée de la préparation du vol de CREAM en Antarctique, du lancement du ballon, du déroulement du vol avec quelques résultats en ligne, ainsi qu’une évocation de la vie à McMurdo. Information: http://dp...

  7. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    Ecole de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 25 February 2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Physics insights from recent HESS AGN observations by Dr. Francesca Volpe, Max-Planck-Institute for Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg The extragalactic sources are still the most powerful, variable and brightest objects in the VHE gamma-ray sky. The improved sensitivity of the new generation of ground-based instruments have increased the VHE emitting population, providing information about cosmology and giving new clues about particle acceleration mechanisms at play in active galactic nuclei. Emphasis will be put on the contribution of the H.E.S.S. experiment to the temporal variability of extragalactic gamma-ray sources, including an update on the most recent detections and on the giant flares from PKS 2155-304. Information : http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire/annonce.htmlOr...

  8. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Ecole de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet1211 GENEVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 ATTENTION: exceptionally on Tuesday 23 September 2008 Tuesday 23 September 2008 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory: probing the Sun from 2 km underground by Dr. Gersende Prior, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) experiment, located in a mine in Canada, started in 1999 and took solar-neutrino data for nearly seven years. The experiment operated in three distinct phases reflecting different experimental configurations. Results from its first two phases have provided revolutionary insights on the neutrino properties and have verified our understanding of the energy production in the sun. The analysis of data from the final phase of the experiment, during which an array of special counters was deployed to enhance the me...

  9. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    HR Department

    2008-01-01

    Ecole de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 19 March 2008 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Use of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for UV radiation detection by Prof. Michelangelo Ambrosio, INFN, Naple Optical and electrical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNT) have been widely investigated in the last years in view of their applications like: photo detection, solar cells, nano-electronics, opto-electronics, and so on. Sensitivity of Single-Walled CNT (SWCNT) to IR radiation has been demonstrated by different authors. Although the large interest in photo-sensitive properties of nanotubes, most of the work has been done on SWCNTs. The distribution of electronic states and electronic transitions is much more difficult to be predicted in MWCNTs than in SWCNTs. This makes, in fact, difficult any comparison between experimental wor...

  10. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 2 November 2009 Colloquium at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Laser induced electron tunnel ionization : instantaneous or invalid concept? Prof. Ursula Keller / Physics Department, ETH Zurich It is typically assumed that electrons can escape from atoms through tunneling when exposed to strong laser fields, but the timing of the process has been controversial, and far too rapid to probe in detail. We have used attosecond angular streaking [1] to place an upper limit of 34 attoseconds and an intensity-averaged upper limit of 12 attoseconds on the tunneling delay time in strong field ionization of a helium atom in the non-adiabatic tunneling regime [2]. This is the fastest process that has ever been measured. To achieve this we exploit the exact timing of a close to circular polarized intense laser field in t...

  11. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Ecole de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 19 March 2008 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Use of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for UV radiation detection by Prof. Michelangelo Ambrosio, INFN, Naple Optical and electrical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNT) have been widely investigated in the last years in view of their applications like: photo detection, solar cells, nano-electronics, opto-electronics, and so on. Sensitivity of Single-Walled CNT (SWCNT) to IR radiation has been demonstrated by different authors. Although the large interest in photo-sensitive properties of nanotubes, most of the work has been done on SWCNTs. The distribution of electronic states and electronic transitions is much more difficult to be predicted in MWCNTs than in SWCNTs. This makes, in fact, difficult any comparison between experimental wor...

  12. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Université de Genève Ecole de physique 24 quai Ernest Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél : + 41 22 379 63 83 (secrétariat) Tél : + 41 22 379 62 56 (réception) Fax: + 41 22 379 69 22 Wednesday 29th November 2006 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs - Stückelberg Auditorium The Germanium Detector Array (GERDA) for the search of neutrinoless double beta decays of 76 Ge at LNGS line by Prof. Stefan Schoenert - Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik Heidelberg The Germanium Detector Array (GERDA [1]) for the search of neutrinoless double beta decays of 76Ge at LNGS will operate bare germanium diodes enriched in 76 Ge in an (optional active) cryogenic fluid shield to investigate neutrinoless double beta decay with a sensitivity of T_{1/2} > 2 x 1026~years after an exposure of 100~rm kg x rm years. In this talk, I shall introduce the relevance of neutrinoless double beta decay, the experimental concepts of GERDA, the challenges and techniques to reduce backgrounds to neutrinoless double beta decay, and summarize...

  13. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 17 June 2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium Long baseline neutrino detectors for T2KK: Water Cherenkov versus Liquid Argon by Dr Fanny Dufour, Université de Genève In this talk, I will present two proposals of long baseline neutrino experiments that are currently being investigated for the Tokai to Kamioka and Korea setup. The assumed neutrino beam is a 1.66 MW beam coming from the Tokai accelerator and providing 2.6 * 1021 protons on target per year. Two different detector technologies have been proposed to study this beam. Either water Cherenkov, or liquid Argon, I will present a comparison of the assumptions and expectations from these two proposals. Information : http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire/annonce.html Organizer: J.-S. Graulich Friday 19 June 2009 MARTIN PETER C...

  14. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 25 November 2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Highlights of the European Strategy Workshop for Future Neutrino Physics Dr Ilias Efthymiopoulos, CERN Beginning of October 2009, a 3 day workshop was organized at CERN to consider the future neutrino physics with emphasis on the development work required for accelerator based neutrino physics. The high attendance and the quality of presentations and discussions made it a success also showing the dynamism and motivation of the European neutrino physicist community. The CERN workshop was an important step in a process where ongoing R&D projects and Design Studies in Europe were presented. At the same time it allowed scientific bodies, like the Panel on Future Neutrino Facilities established by ...

  15. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 7 December 2009 PHYSICS COLLOQUIUM at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Topological insulators and topological superconductors Professor Shoucheng Zhang Department of Physics, Stanford University, CA   Recently, a new class of topological states has been theoretically predicted and experimentally realized. The topological insulators have an insulating gap in the bulk, but have topologically protected edge or surface states due to the time reversal symmetry. In two dimensions the edge states give rise to the quantum spin Hall (QSH) effect, in the absence of any external magnetic field. I shall review the theoretical prediction of the QSH state in HgTe/CdTe semiconductor quantum wells, and its recent experimental observation. The edge states of the QSH state supports fr...

  16. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 18 November  2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Highlights of the European Strategy Workshop for Future Neutrino Physics Dr Ilias Efthymiopoulos, CERN   Seminar cancelled! Information Organizer : J.-S. Graulich Monday 7 December 2009 PHYSICS COLLOQUIUM at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Topological insulators and topological superconductors Professor Shoucheng Zhang Department of Physics, Stanford University, CA   Recently, a new class of topological states has been theoretically predicted and experimentally realized. The topological insulators have an insulating gap in the bulk, but have topologically protected edge or surface states due to the time reversal symmetry. In two dimensions the edge s...

  17. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Lundi 6 avril 2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR àt 17:00 – Auditoire Stückelberg Hospital superbugs, nanomechanics and statistical physics Prof. Dr G. Aeppli / University College London The alarming growth of the antibiotic-resistant superbug, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is driving the development of new technologies to investigate antibiotics and their modes of action. We report silicon cantilever based studies of self-assembled monolayers of mucopeptides which model drug-sensitive and resistant bacterial walls. The underlying concepts needed to understand the measurements will simplify the design of cantilevers and coatings for biosensing and could even impact our understanding of drug action on bacteria themselves. (Une verrée en compagnie du conférencier sera offerte après le colloque.) Organizer : Prof. Markus Büttiker ...

  18. Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2009-01-01

    École de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corpusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 25 March 2009 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 – Stückelberg Auditorium Hunting for the Higgs with D0 at the Tevatron Prof. Gustaaf Brooijmans / Columbia University The search for the Higgs boson is one of the most important endeavors in current experimental particle physics. At the eve of the LHC start, the Tevatron is delivering record luminosity allowing both CDF and D0 to explore a new region of possible Higgs masses. In this seminar, the techniques used to search for the Higgs boson at the Tevatron will be explained, limiting factors will be examined, and the sensitivity in the various channels will be reviewed. The newly excluded values of the standard model Higgs mass will be presented. Information : http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire/annonce.html Organizer : J.-S. Graulich

  19. Geneva University - Measurement of the Lamb shift in muonic hydrogen: the proton radius puzzle

    CERN Multimedia

    2010-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY École de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVA 4 Tel: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 12 May 2010 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium Measurement of the Lamb shift in muonic hydrogen: the proton radius puzzle Dr Aldo Antogninia , CREMA Collaboration, Max Planck Institute, Germany At the Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland, we have measured several 2S-2P transition frequencies in muonic hydrogen (µp) and deuterium (µd) by means of laser spectroscopy. This results in an order of magnitude improvement on the rms charge radius values of the proton and the deuteron. Additionally the Zemach radii and the deuteron polarizability are also inferred. The new proton radius value is deduced with a relative accuracy of 0.1% but strongly disagrees from CODATA. The origin of this discrepancy is not yet known. It may come from theo...

  20. Collide Geneva - Final presentation by artist Cassandre Poirier-Simon (short version)

    CERN Multimedia

    2017-01-01

    On 25 April, 2017, Arts at CERN invited people to the Centre d'Art Contemporain Genève, for the final Presentation of the artist Cassandre Poirier-Simon, winner of the Collide Geneva Award. Established in 2011, Arts at CERN is the official arts programme engaging with art at the cutting edge of scientific research. It offers a whole series of activities around arts and science at CERN, with a clear focus on four artistic research residencies and 3 special visits per year (Collide, Accelerate and Guest Artists). Cassandre Poirier-Simon won the prize Collide Geneva 2016 with Arts at CERN and did her residency from November 2016 to January 2017. She is a designer working in the field of digital writing. During her residency at CERN she was supported with the guide and partnership of Maria Dimou, CERN IT Department, as scientific partner. Also, during this period the Arts at CERN team curated and coordinated visits to experiments, encounters and conversations with scientists, engineers and staff at CERN. The COL...

  1. Albert Hofmann and Steve Myers honoured by the University of Geneva

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    Albert Hofmann (top) and Steve Myers (bottom) receive the title of Doctor Honoris Causa from the hands of Maurice Bourquin, Rector of the University of Geneva and President of CERN Council.   In front of Geneva University's crowded auditorium, Albert Hofmann and Steve Myers received title of Doctor Honoris Causa last Friday 8 June. The two members of CERN thereby received the University's highest distinction. This honour comes in recognition of their careers in the service of accelerator physics and their essential contribution to the success of LEP. Steve Myers joined CERN in August 1972 to work as engineer-in charge of the Intersecting Storage Rings collider (ISR). He was responsible for the acceleration by phase displacement of the high intensity beams to 31 GeV/c. He also worked on many other topics, notably the beam-beam effect in the ISR. Albert Hofmann arrived at CERN from the Cambridge Electron Accelerator (CEA) near Boston, USA, in 1973 - already with an excellent reputation as accelerato...

  2. Amnesia in frontotemporal dementia: shedding light on the Geneva historical data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papageorgiou, Sokratis G; Beratis, Ion N; Horvath, Judit; Herrmann, François R; Bouras, Constantin; Kövari, Enikö

    2016-04-01

    Recent accumulated evidence indicates that episodic memory impairments could be part of the initial clinical expression of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). An early study on this issue was carried out by Constantinidis and colleagues in 1974, but it was subsequently overlooked for a long period of time. The scope of the present research was: (a) to explore the presence of early episodic memory impairments in the entire population of neuropathologically confirmed FTD patients from the Geneva brain collection; and (b) to expand the present insight on the association between the initial symptomatology and various characteristics, namely gender, age at onset, disease duration, and presence of Pick body neuropathology. A careful review of the records of 50 FTD patients hospitalized at the Department of Psychiatry of the Bel-Air Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland, from 1929 to 1999, was conducted. Further in-depth neuropathological analysis with novel immunohistological methods was carried out in 37 of the cases. The data showed that memory impairments were the first clinical symptom in several of the patients. In addition, this specific phenotypic expression of FTD was associated with the female gender, advanced age, and positive Pick body neuropathology. The current findings give the opportunity to historically vindicate the early work of Constantinidis and colleagues. In addition, the novel observations about the association of episodic memory impairments with the female gender and positive Pick body neuropathology add to the existing knowledge about this phenotypic expression of FTD.

  3. Metallicity calibrations for dwarf stars and giants in the Geneva photometric system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netopil, Martin

    2017-08-01

    We use the most homogeneous Geneva seven-colour photometric system to derive new metallicity calibrations for early A- to K-type stars that cover both, dwarf stars and giants. The calibrations are based on several spectroscopic data sets that were merged to a common scale, and we applied them to open cluster data to obtain an additional proof of the metallicity scale and accuracy. In total, metallicities of 54 open clusters are presented. The accuracy of the calibrations for single stars is in general below 0.1 dex, but for the open cluster sample with mean values based on several stars we find a much better precision, a scatter as low as about 0.03 dex. Furthermore, we combine the new results with another comprehensive photometric data set to present a catalogue of mean metallicities for more than 3000 F- and G-type dwarf stars with σ ˜ 0.06 dex. The list was extended by more than 1200 hotter stars up to about 8500 K (or spectral type A3) by taking advantage of their almost reddening free characteristic in the new Geneva metallicity calibrations. These two large samples are well suited as primary or secondary calibrators of other data, and we already identified about 20 spectroscopic data sets that show offsets up to about 0.4 dex.

  4. Teaching dentistry by means of virtual reality--the Geneva project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curnier, François

    2010-01-01

    After a brief historical introduction of virtual reality, the article focuses on why virtual reality is the next step in dental education. Contrary to existing systems for preclinical courses, such as plastic teeth and dummies, virtual reality has no limitations in terms of clinical case studies, objective evaluation, and interactivity. For the past six years we have been developing innovative concepts using force feedback arms and computer 3D simulation at the University of Geneva. After describing the simulator itself, we discuss the results of a preliminary survey we initiated in 2006. The survey concerns the teaching of dental anatomy using 3D rendering capabilities of the simulator for third-year students of the University of Geneva. The aim was to validate the added value of IT integration into our curriculum. The results showed that 70% of the students were satisfied or very satisfied with this module and that the simulation boosted their motivation to learn anatomy. It also became evident that IT did not introduce a supplemental complexity that reduced teaching efficiency. This was a clear message for us to develop a second-generation virtual reality dental simulator with improved tactile features to teach drilling procedures.

  5. Values of the Wells and Revised Geneva Scores Combined with D-dimer in Diagnosing Elderly Pulmonary Embolism Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan-Jie Guo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pulmonary embolism (PE can be difficult to diagnose in elderly patients because of the coexistent diseases and the combination of drugs that they have taken. We aimed to compare the clinical diagnostic values of the Wells score, the revised Geneva score and each of them combined with D-dimer for suspected PE in elderly patients. Methods: Three hundred and thirty-six patients who were admitted for suspected PE were enrolled retrospectively and divided into two groups based on age (≥65 or <65 years old. The Wells and revised Geneva scores were applied to evaluate the clinical probability of PE, and the positive predictive values of both scores were calculated using computed tomography pulmonary arteriography as a gold standard; overall accuracy was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC of receiver operator characteristic curve; the negative predictive values of D-dimer, the Wells score combined with D-dimer, and the revised Geneva score combined with D-dimer were calculated. Results: Ninety-six cases (28.6% were definitely diagnosed as PE among 336 cases, among them 56 cases (58.3% were ≥65 years old. The positive predictive values of Wells and revised Geneva scores were 65.8% and 32.4%, respectively (P < 0.05 in the elderly patients; the AUC for the Wells score and the revised Geneva score in elderly was 0.682 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.612-0.746 and 0.655 (95% CI: 0.584-0.722, respectively (P = 0.389. The negative predictive values of D-dimer, the Wells score combined with D-dimer, and the revised Geneva score combined with D-dimer were 93.7%, 100%, and 100% in the elderly, respectively. Conclusions: The diagnostic value of the Wells score was higher than the revised Geneva score for the elderly cases with suspected PE. The combination of either the Wells score or the revised Geneva score with a normal D-dimer concentration is a safe strategy to rule out PE.

  6. Values of the Wells and Revised Geneva Scores Combined with D-dimer in Diagnosing Elderly Pulmonary Embolism Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dan-Jie Guo; Can Zhao; Ya-Dan Zou; Xu-Hang Huang; Jing-Min Hu; Lin Guo

    2015-01-01

    Background:Pulmonary embolism (PE) can be difficult to diagnose in elderly patients because of the coexistent diseases and the combination of drugs that they have taken.We aimed to compare the clinical diagnostic values of the Wells score,the revised Geneva score and each of them combined with D-dimer for suspected PE in elderly patients.Methods:Three hundred and thirty-six patients who were admitted for suspected PE were enrolled retrospectively and divided into two groups based on age (_>65 or <65 years old).The Wells and revised Geneva scores were applied to evaluate the clinical probability of PE,and the positive predictive values of both scores were calculated using computed tomography pulmonary arteriography as a gold standard;overall accuracy was evaluated by the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operator characteristic curve;the negative predictive values of D-dimer,the Wells score combined with D-dimer,and the revised Geneva score combined with D-dimer were calculated.Results:Ninety-six cases (28.6%) were definitely diagnosed as PE among 336 cases,among them 56 cases (58.3%) were >65 years old.The positive predictive values of Wells and revised Geneva scores were 65.8% and 32.4%,respectively (P < 0.05) in the elderly patients;the AUC for the Wells score and the revised Geneva score in elderly was 0.682 (95% confidence interval [CI]:0.612-0.746) and 0.655 (95% CI:0.584-0.722),respectively (P =0.389).The negative predictive values of D-dimer,the Wells score combined with D-dimer,and the revised Geneva score combined with D-dimer were 93.7%,100%,and 100% in the elderly,respectively.Conclusions:The diagnostic value of the Wells score was higher than the revised Geneva score for the elderly cases with suspected PE.The combination of either the Wells score or the revised Geneva score with a normal D-dimer concentration is a safe strategy to rule out PE.

  7. [Reproductive health among migrant women in Geneva: what are the challenges for Community-based participatory research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt N C; Fargnoli V

    2014-10-22

    Community-based participatory research (CBPR) focuses on inequalities in health by involving community members and researchers in all parts of the research process. The project COMIRES (COmmunity Migrant RESearch), based in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University Hospitals of Geneva, engages academic researchers and migrant communities in Geneva in a co-learning process to understand barriers to reproductive health services and evaluate the role of the community. The article illustrates the methodological approach, but also advantages and challenges of CBPR.

  8. Geneva Sound S:可隐藏式底座、独立调音功能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    小巧别致的Geneva Sound S是支持iPod及iPhone的扬声器,它外形炫酷,设有iPod通用底座,能够自动隐蔽。机身内置了2个3英寸全音域单元及一个具有30W输出的扩音机,音质也同样出色。除了支持iPod及iPhone之外,Geneva Sound S还有收音机、闹钟及iPod/iPhone充电功能。

  9. OUTCOMES OF BREAST RECONSTRUCTION WITH PEDICLED TRANSVERSE RECTUS ABDOMINIS MYOCUTANEOUS (TRAM FLAP AT CANCER INSTITUTE, A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF 10 YEARS OF EXPERIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Omranipour

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Reconstruction of breast with transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (TRAM flap is the standard for reconstruction of breast following mastectomy. In this article, authors report their experience with pedicled TRAM flap reconstruction of the breast. Records for the patients who had undergone breast reconstruction with pedicled TRAM flap were retrieved. Records of outpatient follow-ups were also obtained. Patient satisfaction with the outcome of surgery was assessed using a detailed questionnaire including a linear visual analogue scale ranging from zero (not satisfied to ten (most satisfied. There were 61 reconstructions in 59 patients. In 42 (71.2% cases a synthetic mesh and in 14 (23.7% cases dermal graft was used for closure of the abdominal fascial defect. The mean hospital stay was 10.67 (1 - 72 days. Patients were followed up for a mean period of 621 days. The overall rates of complications were as follows: partial flap necrosis: 11 (18.6%, flap hematoma: 2 (3.4%, flap seroma: 7 (11.9%, flap wound infection: 7 (11.9%, abdominal wound hematoma: 9 (15.3%, abdominal wound seroma: 5 (8.5%, abdominal wound ischemia: 1 (1.7%, abdominal wound incisional hernia: 6 (10.2%, deep vein thrombosis: 1 (1.7%, complication requiring rehospitalization: 9 (15.3%, complication requiring reoperation: 8 (13.6%. There were no abdominal wound infection, no umbilical necrosis, and no pulmonary embolism. Aesthetic results were classified as excellent (62%, good (28%, fair (10%. The mean satisfaction score was 9.5 (range 6-10. Breast reconstruction with pedicled transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap was associated with a low complication rate and a high level of patient satisfaction in our center.

  10. A waveguide finite element and boundary element approach to calculating the sound radiated by railway and tram rails

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, C.-M.; Jones, C. J. C.; Thompson, D. J.; Ryue, J.

    2009-04-01

    Engineering methods for modelling the generation of railway rolling noise are well established. However, these necessarily involve some simplifying assumptions to calculate the sound powers radiated by the wheel and the track. For the rail, this involves using an average vibration together with a radiation efficiency determined for a two-dimensional (2D) problem. In this paper, the sound radiation from a rail is calculated using a method based on a combination of waveguide finite elements and wavenumber boundary elements. This new method allows a number of the simplifying assumptions in the established methods to be avoided. It takes advantage of the 2D geometry of a rail to provide an efficient numerical approach but nevertheless takes into account the three-dimensional nature of the vibration and sound field and the infinite extent of the rail. The approach is used to study a conventional 'open' rail as well as an embedded tram rail of the type used for street running. In the former case it is shown that the conventional approach gives correct results and the complexity of the new method is mostly not necessary. However, for the embedded rail it is found that it is important to take into account the radiation from several wave types in the rail and embedding material. The damping effect of the embedding material on the rail vibration is directly taken into account and, for the example shown, causes the embedded rail to radiate less sound than the open rail above about 600 Hz. The free surface of the embedding material amplifies the sound radiation at some frequencies, while at other frequencies it moves out of phase with the rail and reduces the radiation efficiency. At low frequencies the radiation from the embedded rail resembles a line monopole source which produces greater power than the 'open' rail which forms a line dipole.

  11. Full-Span Tiltrotor Aeroacoustic Model (TRAM) Overview and 40- by 80-Foot Wind Tunnel Test. [conducted in the 40- by 80-Foot Wind Tunnel at Ames Research Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCluer, Megan S.; Johnson, Jeffrey L.; Rutkowski, Michael (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    Most helicopter data trends cannot be extrapolated to tiltrotors because blade geometry and aerodynamic behavior, as well as rotor and fuselage interactions, are significantly different for tiltrotors. A tiltrotor model has been developed to investigate the aeromechanics of tiltrotors, to develop a comprehensive database for validating tiltrotor analyses, and to provide a research platform for supporting future tiltrotor designs. The Full-Span Tiltrotor Aeroacoustic Model (FS TRAM) is a dual-rotor, powered aircraft model with extensive instrumentation for measurement of structural and aerodynamic loads. This paper will present the Full-Span TRAM test capabilities and the first set of data obtained during a 40- by 80-Foot Wind Tunnel test conducted in late 2000 at NASA Ames Research Center. The Full-Span TRAM is a quarter-scale representation of the V-22 Osprey aircraft, and a heavily instrumented NASA and U.S. Army wind tunnel test stand. Rotor structural loads are monitored and recorded for safety-of-flight and for information on blade loads and dynamics. Left and right rotor balance and fuselage balance loads are monitored for safety-of-flight and for measurement of vehicle and rotor aerodynamic performance. Static pressure taps on the left wing are used to determine rotor/wing interactional effects and rotor blade dynamic pressures measure blade airloads. All of these measurement capabilities make the FS TRAM test stand a unique and valuable asset for validation of computational codes and to aid in future tiltrotor designs. The Full-Span TRAM was tested in the NASA Ames Research Center 40- by 80-Foot Wind Tunnel from October through December 2000. Rotor and vehicle performance measurements were acquired in addition to wing pressures, rotor acoustics, and Laser Light Sheet (LLS) flow visualization data. Hover, forward flight, and airframe (rotors off) aerodynamic runs were performed. Helicopter-mode data were acquired during angle of attack and thrust sweeps for

  12. Were Holocene large slumps in Lake Geneva off the city of Lausanne caused by fault activity?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correia Demand, Jehanne; Marillier, François; Kremer, Katrina; Girardclos, Stéphanie

    2014-05-01

    Lake Geneva is set in an area where glacier advances and retreats have carved Tertiary Molasse rocks in front of the Alpine units. Glacial and lacustrine sediments have accumulated in the lake on top of the Molasse. Within Holocene sedimentary layers, seismic studies in the central part of Lake Geneva ("Grand-Lac") have shown the presence of several mass transport deposits (MTD). A large one, MTD A, is observed off the city of Lausanne. The depth of the associated failure scars (100 m water depth), its volume (~ 0.13 km3), and the occurrence of other smaller MTDs that were possibly co-deposited with MTD A point to the occurrence of a major slide event in the lake, most likely associated with an earthquake. Based on 14C dating, the sediment age model for MTD A gives an age interval of 1865-1608 BC (Kremer et al. 2014). To resolve the details of the MTDs off Lausanne, and to better understand its geological context different seismic systems were used. These were a 3.5 KHz pinger with a theoretical vertical resolution of 0.15 m and a multichannel system with water-gun or air-gun seismic sources with vertical resolution of 0.6 m and 1.1 m, respectively. After a first pass processing, the multi-channel data were reprocessed in order to take into account the shape of the streamer in the water and to enhance the results of migration. In addition to typical seismic images of MTDs observed in other alpine lakes such as chaotic or transparent seismic character between well-organized reflections, two intriguing positive water-bottom topographic features associated with apparent sub-vertical offsets are revealed by the seismic data. They are located in the near vicinity of the depot centers of the MTDs and conspicuously located near faults in the Tertiary Molasse. These are thrust faults that are offset by small strike-slip faults, and we suggest that the positive topographic features are linked to a compressive component within the sediments due to displacements along these

  13. Whole-genome sequences of 13 endophytic bacteria isolated from shrub willow (salix) grown in geneva, new york.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Huan You; Gan, Han Ming; Savka, Michael A; Triassi, Alexander J; Wheatley, Matthew S; Smart, Lawrence B; Fabio, Eric S; Hudson, André O

    2014-05-08

    Shrub willow, Salix spp. and hybrids, is an important bioenergy crop. Here we report the whole-genome sequences and annotation of 13 endophytic bacteria from stem tissues of Salix purpurea grown in nature and from commercial cultivars and Salix viminalis × Salix miyabeana grown in bioenergy fields in Geneva, New York.

  14. 2015 Progress Report – Evaluation of the Cornell-Geneva Apple Rootstocks and Other Promising Apple Rootstocks

    Science.gov (United States)

    A number of new apple rootstocks from the Cornell/USDA apple rootstock breeding project, located at Geneva, NY which are resistant to fire blight are rapidly becoming available to the industry. These rootstocks are also dwarfing, tolerant to replant disease and productive. Data on cumulative yield...

  15. Duplication in the Domestica Apple Collection within the USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System in Geneva, New York

    Science.gov (United States)

    The USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System maintains more than 1300 named accessions of Malus x domestica in a field collection in Geneva, NY. Seven microsatellite markers (GD12, GD15, GD96, GD103, GD142, GD147, GD162) were used to identify duplicates within a set of 1240 domestica accessions with...

  16. 76 FR 48941 - Alabama & Florida Railway Co., Inc.-Abandonment Exemption-in Geneva, Coffee, and Covington...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board Alabama & Florida Railway Co., Inc.--Abandonment Exemption--in Geneva, Coffee..., Coffee and Covington Counties, Ala. The line constitutes A&F's entire rail system and traverses...

  17. Geothermal prospection in the Greater Geneva Basin (Switzerland and France): Integration of geological data in the new Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brentini, Maud; Favre, Stéphanie; Rusillon, Elme; Moscariello, Andrea

    2017-04-01

    Piloted by the State of Geneva and implemented by the SIG (Services Industriels de Genève), the GEothermie2020 program aims to develop geothermal energy resources in the Greater Geneva Basin (GGB) (Moscariello A., 2016). Since 2014, many existing data have been examined (Rusillon et al., 2017, Clerc et al., 2016) and new ones have been collected. Nevertheless, to date the actual IT infrastructure of the State of Geneva is neither designed to centralize these data, nor to respond efficiently to operational demands. In this context, we are developing a new Information System adapted to this specific situation (Favre et al., 2017). In order to establish a solid base line for future exploration and exploitation of underground natural resources, the centralization of the geological surface/subsurface knowledge is the real challenge. Finding the balance between comprehensiveness and relevance of the data to integrate into this future complete database system is key. Geological data are numerous, of various nature, and often very heterogeneous. Incorporating and relating all individual data is therefore a difficult and challenging task. As a result, a large work has to be done on the understanding and the harmonization of the stratigraphy of the Geneva Basin, to appreciate the data and spatial geological heterogneity. The first step consisted in consulting all data from MSc and PhD work of the University of Geneva (about 50) and from literature concerning the regional geology. In parallel, an overview concerning the subsurface geological data management in Europe carried out to learn from the experience of other geological surveys. Heterogeneities and discrepancies of the data are the main issue. Over several years (since late 30s) individual authors collected different type of data and made different interpretations leading a variety of stratigraphic facies definitions, associations and environmental reconstructions. Cross checking these data with national programs

  18. Geneva University: Searches for Exotic Physics with leptons with the ATLAS detector

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2011-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 30 November  2011 SEMINAIRE DE PHYSIQUE CORPUSCULAIRE at 17.00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium Searches for Exotic Physics with leptons with the ATLAS detector Dr Dominique Fortin, TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada With the large 5 fb-1 sample of pp collisions recorded in 2011, ATLAS has taken full advantage of the opportunity to explore new territory at the TeV scale. In this seminar, an overview of searches for new exotic particles is presented, with a special emphasis on signatures with leptons. Information : http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire/annonce.html Organizer : Mrs Gabriella Pasztor

  19. Endospore-forming bacteria as an indicator of pollution in sediments of Lake Geneva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bueche M.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Treated wastewater and runoff-water is released by the outlet of the sewage treatment plant of Vidy (Lausanne directly into the Lake of Geneva via a pipe located 300m from the shore. Even if this water is properly treated with modern technologies, we can observe an accumulation of micro pollutants into the sediments, and particularly heavy-metals. The main objective of this project is to investigate how these elevated concentrations of heavy metals affect both abundance and diversity of prokaryotes in the sediments. A special emphasis was given to endospore-forming bacteria, which could use sporulation as a survival strategy to resist in highly contaminated areas. This study could have implications both for understanding the role of endospore-forming bacteria in the environment as well as in terms of improving the bioremediation processes.

  20. Shaping the worship of the Reformed Church in Geneva: Calvin on prayer and praise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alasdair Heron

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to investigate the Calvin’s Genevan Service Order. It focuses on the question how the Psalter Calvin shaped the worship of the Reformed Church in Geneva. The article follows the critical edition of the Genevan prayer in Calvini Opera Selecta and in the German Studienausgabe as the two main published editions of the Genevan order with its related texts. The article shows that Calvin adhered to the general line of the Swiss and Upper German Reformations. It explores the understanding of worship reflected in the Genevan Service Order and the specific significance of its musical aspect. The article illustrates why Calvin gave the psalms the place he did in Genevan Reformed worship.

  1. The Poor and the Patient : Protestant Geneva in the Early Modern Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rieder, Philip

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available Exploring the medical marketplace in early modern Geneva reveals an active town with a high density of both regular and irregular healers. The aim of this article is to assess just how ordinary and poor people used these services and to what extent medical commodities were available to the destitute. Using both court records, private and public sources, this article explores traces of practices highlighting the flexibility with which practitioners were admitted, the high tolerance to irregular practices and the continuity of the recourse to supernatural and catholic healing traditions by Protestants living within the city walls. Data on self-help and medical support offered by family, friends and neighbours is discussed, suggesting the importance of informal medical services in everyday life. Examples demonstrate that to some extent the poor managed to elect strategies and to control therapies, whereas expensive treatment was regularly offered by charities interested in getting the ill back to work.

  2. IRFM Temperature Calibrations for the Vilnius, Geneva, RI(C) and DDO Photometric Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Melendez, J; Melendez, Jorge; Ramirez, Ivan

    2003-01-01

    We have used the infrared flux method (IRFM) temperatures of a large sample of late type dwarfs given by Alonso et al. (1996a) to calibrate empirically the relations Teff = f (colour, [Fe/H]) for the Vilnius, Geneva, RI(C) and DDO photometric systems. The resulting temperature scale and intrinsic colour-colour diagrams for these systems are also obtained. From this scale, the solar colours are derived and compared with those of the solar twin 18 Sco. Since our work is based on the same Teff and [Fe/H] values used by Alonso et al. (1996b) to calibrate other colours, we now have an homogeneous calibration for a large set of photometric systems.

  3. Estimation of the reproductive number of the Spanish flu epidemic in Geneva, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chowell, G; Ammon, C E; Hengartner, N W; Hyman, J M

    2006-11-10

    The 1918 influenza pandemic known as the "Spanish Flu" has been the worst in recent history with estimated worldwide mortality ranging from 20 to 100 million deaths. Using epidemic modeling and hospital notification data during the 1918 influenza pandemic in the Canton of Geneva, Switzerland, we estimated the reproductive numbers of the first and second waves of influenza infection to be R(1)=1.49 (95% CI: 1.45-1.53) and R(2)=3.75 (95% CI: 3.57-3.93), respectively. Our estimates indicate that containment of the next influenza pandemic could require strict interventions that include effective isolation strategies in hospitals and reductions in the susceptibility of the general population.

  4. Calvin between facilis brevitas, confessio, and institutio: instruction of faith in Geneva

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Kayayan

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on catechetical instruction in Geneva under Calvin, taking the 1537 “Instruction” and the 1545 “Catechism” as objects of study. The relationship among three key notions – Calvin’s own ideal of striving for brevity and simplicity on the one hand, the notions of “confessio” and “institutio” on the other hand – serves as catalyst to approach the nature of this cate-chetical instruction. After a historical overview of the circum-stances amidst which the above-mentioned writings were produced, a comparative study of their internal organisation leads to the assessment of Calvin’s method of theological exposition when dealing with the law and the Apostle’s Creed.

  5. Testing an unconventional mortality information source in the canton of Geneva Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabengele Mpinga, Emmanuel; Delley, Véronique; Jeannot, Emilien; Cohen, Joachim; Chastonay, Philippe; Wilson, Donna M

    2013-09-26

    Mortality data are often unavailable, incomplete, and difficult to access for research and other purposes. Gaps in mortality data reports, particularly those detailing place of death, deprive healthcare professionals, decision-makers, and many others of the information that is needed to plan, implement, and evaluate interventions designed for purposes such as to assist people in achieving their preferred death place or reduce hospital utilization. Alternative methods of collecting reliable and valid data on death place may be needed. Our study primarily compared mortality data from a conventional information system (Federal Statistical Office) with mortality data collected using an unconventional system (funeral homes) over a 6-year period (2005-10) for the canton of Geneva Switzerland. Only a small average difference (4.8%) in death incidence was found. Death place data comparisons were also useful. This study suggests that the unconventional data from funeral homes provides reasonably reliable, valid, timely, and useful mortality data.

  6. Pediatric Deceased Donation-A Report of the Transplantation Society Meeting in Geneva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Dominique E; Nakagawa, Thomas A; Siebelink, Marion J; Bramstedt, Katrina A; Brierley, Joe; Dobbels, Fabienne; Rodrigue, James R; Sarwal, Minnie; Shapiro, Ron; Dominguez-Gil, Beatriz; Danovitch, Gabriel; Sweet, Stuart C; Trompeter, Richard S; Moazam, Farhat; Bos, Michael A; Delmonico, Francis L

    2015-07-01

    The Ethics Committee of The Transplantation Society convened a meeting on pediatric deceased donation of organs in Geneva, Switzerland, on March 21 to 22, 2014. Thirty-four participants from Africa, Asia, the Middle East, Oceania, Europe, and North and South America explored the practical and ethical issues pertaining to pediatric deceased donation and developed recommendations for policy and practice. Their expertise was inclusive of pediatric intensive care, internal medicine, and surgery, nursing, ethics, organ donation and procurement, psychology, law, and sociology. The report of the meeting advocates the routine provision of opportunities for deceased donation by pediatric patients and conveys an international call for the development of evidence-based resources needed to inform provision of best practice care in deceased donation for neonates and children.

  7. [Neurodevelopmental follow-up of premature children in Lausanne and Geneva].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bickle Graz, M; Cevey-Macherel, M; Forcada-Guex, M; Truttmann, A; Ha-Vinh Leuchter, R; Sizonenko, S; Huppi, P S; Borradori Tolsa, C

    2011-02-23

    Preterm children born before 32 weeks of gestation represent 1% of the annual births in Switzerland, and are the most at risk of neurodevelopmental disabilities. A neurological surveillance is thus implemented in the neonatal units, and multidisciplinary neurodevelopmental follow-up is offered to all our preterm patients. The follow-up clinics of the University hospitals in Lausanne and Geneva follow the Swiss guidelines for follow-up. An extended history and neurological examination is taken at each appointment, and a standardized test of development is performed. These examinations, which take place between the ages of 3 months and 9 years old, allow the early identification and treatment of developmental disorders frequent in this population, such as motor, cognitive or behavioral disorders, as well as the monitoring of the quality of neonatal care.

  8. Some observations on the meeting in Geneva Meeting, dated 26.11. 2009

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singla, Rashmi

    2009-01-01

    Part III (by Rashmi Singla)   Some observations on the meeting in Geneva Meeting, dated 26.11. 2009 by Rashmi Singla, Associate Professor, Roskilde University, Denmark Member of the COST HOME action's Management Committee   These notes are fragmentary and do not set out to give a complete report...... as a part of the Zionist ideology and the states´ inclusive policy supporting a fast procedure of re-licencing the recently migrated physicians. The factors of ulpan (intensive linguistic courses), alya stipend (economic support), temporary housing and positioning in the military can be summed up...... as the basis for the successful professional and cultural integration of these health professionals. A follow up five year later further confirmed the success as almost 4/5 of the physicians were still professionally active. However, the critical points such as the ambivalence in the state policies “I need you...

  9. Tracing partners of patients with syphilis infection remains challenging: experience of Geneva Hospital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Lorenzi, Caroline; Angèle, Gayet-Ageron; Martine, Girard-Strohbach; Laurence, Toutous Trellu

    2017-01-01

    Syphilis has been reinstated on the list of notifiable diseases in Switzerland since 2006 and the active management of sexual partners is encouraged to avoid reinfection. However, contact tracing has yielded unsatisfactory results and the incidence of syphilis remains important, especially in high-risk populations. The aim of this study was to compare the proportions of notified sexual partners of patients diagnosed with syphilis by the laboratories of Geneva University Hospitals (HUG) with those diagnosed in private laboratories (non-HUG) and to assess the risk factors for no notification to sexual partners. All syphilis cases notified to the Office of the Surgeon General in Geneva (Switzerland) between 1 January 2011 and 31 December 2013 were analysed. The proportions of partner notification (PN) between HUG and non-HUG laboratories were compared by Chi square test and the main risk factors for no notification to sexual partners were assessed by binomial log-linear regression. Among a total of 720 notifications reported, 244 cases were diagnosed with contagious syphilis stages and 263 with non-contagious stages (i.e. successfully treated patients with or late latent cases). Overall, PN was higher among contagious than non-contagious cases (58.4% versus 31.0%; p = 0.030) and it was significantly higher in the non-HUG compared to the HUG group (75.9% versus 50.0%, respectively; p 45 years (RR 1.36; 95% CI: 1.05-1.76) and if the patient had received treatment for syphilis (RR 1.91; 95% CI: 1.38-2.66). Our results illustrate the difficulty of contact tracing in syphilis infection and the necessity to improve this crucial part of sexually transmitted infection management.

  10. Seasonal Spatial Patterns of Surface Water Temperature, Surface Heat Fluxes and Meteorological Forcing Over Lake Geneva

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irani Rahaghi, A.; Lemmin, U.; Bouffard, D.; Riffler, M.; Wunderle, S.; Barry, D. A.

    2015-12-01

    In many lakes, surface heat flux (SHF) is the most important component controlling the lake's energy content. Accurate methods for the determination of SHF are valuable for water management, and for use in hydrological and meteorological models. Large lakes, not surprisingly, are subject to spatially and temporally varying meteorological conditions, and hence SHF. Here, we report on an investigation for estimating the SHF of a large European lake, Lake Geneva. We evaluated several bulk formulas to estimate Lake Geneva's SHF based on different data sources. A total of 64 different surface heat flux models were realized using existing representations for different heat flux components. Data sources to run the models included meteorological data (from an operational numerical weather prediction model, COSMO-2) and lake surface water temperature (LSWT, from satellite imagery). Models were calibrated at two points in the lake for which regular depth profiles of temperature are available, and which enabled computation of the total heat content variation. The latter, computed for 03.2008-12.2012, was the metric used to rank the different models. The best calibrated model was then selected to calculate the spatial distribution of SHF. Analysis of the model results shows that evaporative and convective heat fluxes are the dominant terms controlling the spatial pattern of SHF. The former is significant in all seasons while the latter plays a role only in fall and winter. Meteorological observations illustrate that wind-sheltering, and to some extent relative humidity variability, are the main reasons for the observed large-scale spatial variability. In addition, both modeling and satellite observations indicate that, on average, the eastern part of the lake is warmer than the western part, with a greater temperature contrast in spring and summer than in fall and winter whereas the SHF spatial splitting is stronger in fall and winter. This is mainly due to negative heat flux

  11. Acute respiratory and cardiovascular admissions after a public smoking ban in Geneva, Switzerland.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Paul Humair

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Many countries have introduced legislations for public smoking bans to reduce the harmful effects of exposure to tobacco smoke. Smoking bans cause significant reductions in admissions for acute coronary syndromes but their impact on respiratory diseases is unclear. In Geneva, Switzerland, two popular votes led to a stepwise implementation of a state smoking ban in public places, with a temporary suspension. This study evaluated the effect of this smoking ban on hospitalisations for acute respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: This before and after intervention study was conducted at the University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland, across 4 periods with different smoking legislations. It included 5,345 patients with a first hospitalisation for acute coronary syndrome, ischemic stroke, acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia and acute asthma. The main outcomes were the incidence rate ratios (IRR of admissions for each diagnosis after the final ban compared to the pre-ban period and adjusted for age, gender, season, influenza epidemic and secular trend. RESULTS: Hospitalisations for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease significantly decreased over the 4 periods and were lowest after the final ban (IRR=0.54 [95%CI: 0.42-0.68]. We observed a trend in reduced admissions for acute coronary syndromes (IRR=0.90 [95%CI: 0.80-1.00]. Admissions for ischemic stroke, asthma and pneumonia did not significantly change. CONCLUSIONS: A legislative smoking ban was followed by a strong decrease in hospitalisations for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and a trend for reduced admissions for acute coronary syndrome. Smoking bans are likely to be very beneficial for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

  12. Force10 networks performance in world's first transcontinental 10 gigabit ethernet network verified by Ixia

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Force10 Networks, Inc., today announced that the performance of the Force10 E-Series switch/routers deployed in a transcontinental network has been verified as line-rate 10 GE throughput by Ixia, a leading provider of high-speed, network performance and conformance analysis systems. The network, the world's first transcontinental 10 GE wide area network, consists of a SURFnet OC-192 lambda between Geneva and the StarLight facility in Chicago via Amsterdam and another OC-192 lambda between this same facility in Chicago and Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada provided by CANARIE and ORANO (1/2 page).

  13. Würmian deglaciation of western Lake Geneva (Switzerland) based on seismic stratigraphy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiore, Julien; Girardclos, Stéphanie; Pugin, André; Gorin, Georges; Wildi, Walter

    2011-02-01

    Western Lake Geneva (le Petit-Lac) was filled during the Quaternary over a major erosion surface truncating the cemented, folded and thrusted Tertiary sediments of the foreland Alpine basin. The carving of the lake occurred during Quaternary glaciations with ice originating from the Rhone valley catchment basin flowing in two branches oriented SW and NE over the Swiss Plateau. Lake Geneva is situated on the South-Western branch of this paleo ice-cap. For the first time, a dense grid of high-resolution seismic profiles (airgun 5-inch 3, airgun 1-inch 3 and echosounder) has imaged the whole Quaternary sequence, providing a paleoenvironmental interpretation and a detailed reconstruction of the Rhone glacier retreat stages during glacial events that led to the formation of western Lake Geneva. The Quaternary sequence filling up the bedrock valley is exceptionally thick with up to 220 m of deposits and consists of glacial, glacio-lacustrine and lacustrine sediments. Fourteen seismic units have been defined (units U1-U14). Unit U1 represents the remnants of glacial deposits older than the last glacial cycle, preserved in the deepest part of the lake and in secondary bedrock valleys. Unit U2 represents gravel and sands deposited by meltwater circulation at the bottom of the glacial valley. Unit U3 is a thick, stratified unit marking the beginning of the deglaciation, when the Rhone glacier became thinner and buoyant and allowed the formation of a subglacial lake. Younger glacial units (units U4, U5, U7, U9, U11) are acoustically chaotic sediments deposited subglacially under the water table (undermelt tills), while the glacier was thinning. These glacial units are bounded by synform erosion surfaces corresponding to readvances of the glacier. The transition from a glacial to a glacio-lacustrine environment started with the appearance of a marginal esker-fan system (unit U6). Esker formation was followed by a small advance-retreat cycle leading to the deposition of unit U7

  14. 27 October 2014 - H.E. Mr Ney Samol Ambassador Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Cambodia to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2014-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Ney Samol Ambassador Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Cambodia to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva signing the Guest Book with Deputy Head of International Relations E. Tsesmelis

  15. Predictive Value of Wells Score and Revised Geneva Score on Pulmonary Embolism%Wells 评分与修正的 Geneva 评分对肺栓塞的预测价值研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵玉珂; 冯广华

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the predictive value of Wells score and revised Geneva score on pulmonary embol-ism. Methods A total of 153 cases suspected as pulmonary embolism were collected in our hospital from December 2009 to De-cember 2012. They were evaluated by Wells score and revised Geneva score,and pulmonary arteriography(CTPA)results was served as golden standard for pulmonary embolism. Results By CTPA results,78 cases were diagnosed as pulmonary embol-ism. Coincidence rate of Wells score in predicting the low - possibility,middle - possibility and high - possibility of pulmonary embolism was 0,49. 5% ,82. 1% ,respectively;that of revised Geneva score was 33. 3% ,55. 3% ,90. 9% ,respective-ly. ROC curve showed that,AUC of Wells score in predicting pulmonary embolism was 0. 770〔95% CI(0. 696,0. 844)〕, that of revised Geneva score was 0. 733〔95% CI(0. 653,0. 813)〕,the difference was not significantly different(P > 0. 05). The best threshold of Wells score in predicting pulmonary embolism was 3. 5,and the sensitivity was 76. 9% ,the specificity was 66. 7% ;the best threshold of revised Geneva score in predicting pulmonary embolism was 5. 5,and the sensitivity was 60. 3% , the specificity was 82. 7% . Conclusion Both of Wells score and revised Geneva score have certain predictive value on pulmona-ry embolism,the choice to make is depending on patient's clinical situation,or joint them together.%目的:评价 Wells 评分与修正的 Geneva 评分对肺栓塞的预测价值。方法连续选择2009年12月-2012年12月在我院住院的疑诊肺栓塞患者153例,均进行 Wells 评分与修正的 Geneva 评分,以肺动脉造影(CTPA)检查结果作为诊断肺栓塞的“金标准”。结果经 CTPA 检查确诊肺栓塞78例,Wells 评分预测低度、中度、高度可能肺栓塞的符合率分别为0、49.5%、82.1%,修正的 Geneva 评分预测低度、中度、高度可能肺栓塞的符合率分别为33.3%、55.3%、90.9%。绘制 ROC

  16. Contrasted effects of climate change on temperate large lakes oxygen-depletion (Lakes Geneva, Bourget, Annecy)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jenny, Jean-Philippe; Arnaud, Fabien; Dorioz, Jean-Marcel; Alric, Benjamin; Sabatier, Pierre; Perga, Marie-Elodie

    2013-04-01

    Among manifestations of the entry in a new geological era -The Anthropocene- marked by the fingerprinting of human activities in global ecology, the development of persistent zones of oxygen-depletion particularly threatens aquatic ecosystems. This results in a loss of fisheries, a loss of biodiversity, an alteration of food-webs and even, in extreme cases, mass mortality of fauna1. Whereas hypoxia -defined as dissolved oxygen ≤2 mg/l- has long been considered as a consequence of the sole eutrophication, recent studies showed it also depends on climate change. Despite basic processes of oxygen-depletion are well-known, till now no study evaluated the contrasted effects of climate changes on a long-term perspective. Here we show that climate change paced fluctuation of hypoxia in 3 large lakes (Lake Geneva, Lake Bourget and Lake Annecy) that were previously disturbed by unprecedented nutrient input. Our approach couples century-scale paleo-reconstruction of 1) hypoxia, 2) flood regime and 3) nutrient level, thanks to an exceptional 80 sediment core data collection taken in three large lakes (Geneva, Bourget, Annecy), and monitoring data. Our results show that volume of hypoxia can be annually estimated according to varve records through large lakes. Quantitative additive models were then used to identify and hierarchy environmental forcings on hypoxia. Flood regime and air temperatures hence appeared as significant forcing factors of hypolimnetic hypoxia. Noticeably, their effects are highly contrasted between lakes, depending on specific lake morphology and local hydrological regime. We hence show that greater is the lake specific river discharge the more is the control of winter mixing and the lower is the control of thermal stratification on oxygen depletion. Our study confirms that the perturbation of food web due to nutrient input led to a higher vulnerability of aquatic ecosystems to climate change. We further show specific hydrological regime play a crucial

  17. Una metropolitana chiamata "tram"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariella Zoppi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Perché il caso-Firenze della tramvia ha avuto un rilievo così forte sui media nazionali? Perché la tramvia (se vogliamo continuare a chiamare così una metropolitana di superficie è parte di un sovvertimento dei valori storici, estetici ed economici della città di cui il sistema di trasporto è solo un frammento. La grande operazione di trasformazione, come viene chiamata dall’Amministrazione comunale, passa per il cambiamento di destinazione e la nuova edificazione di molte aree urbane: dall’area Fiat e da quella dell’ex-officine ferroviarie di Porta a Prato (ormai in fase conclusiva, dall’avvio dell’edificazione privata a Castello (vicenda nota negli anni Ottanta come “Fondiaria” a quelle di aree di minori dimensioni che interessano ex-cinema o teatri (è di questi giorni il destino dell’attuale Teatro comunale che si mutano in abitazioni pregiate o di fabbriche dismesse che si trasformano, con il loro carico volumetrico pressoché intatto (a pareggiare i conti ci pensa la “perequazione”, in parcheggi in struttura (semi-vuoti perché mal collocati, residenze, uffici, alberghi e quant’altro possa essere “utile” ad una città invecchiata che ha perso, centomila abitanti fra il 1971 ed il 2001, passando da una popolazione di 457.803 a una di 356.118. Come nel resto del Paese, anche a Firenze, non esiste più un dibattito pubblico che riporti gli umori della città all’interno delle vicende politiche e amministrative, e dunque tutto avviene fra l’indifferenza delle cronache locali che sembrano più interessate alle dichiarazioni di questo o quel personaggio che alla effettiva trasmissione delle informazioni. Le notizie circolano sulla rete, veicolate dai comitati (ormai c’è un comitato di cittadini per ogni strada o problema, che vive separatamente dagli amministratori e diventano patrimonio di quanti abbiano una sia pur minima alfabetizzazione informatica.

  18. H.E. Mr Leonid A. Skotnikov, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2003-01-01

    Photo 01: H.E. Mr Leonid A. Skotnikov, Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Geneva (centre) with (from left to right) F. Grishaev, Adviser, Mission of the Russian Federation and R. Cashmore. Photo 02: H.E. Mr Leonid A. Skotnikov, Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Geneva (right) with F. Grishaev, Adviser, Mission of the Russian Federation.

  19. H.E. Mr Leonid A. Skotnikov, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2003-01-01

    Photo 01: H.E. Mr Leonid A. Skotnikov, Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Geneva (centre) with (from left to right) V. Kaftanov, Ph. Bloch, N. Koulberg, F. Grishaev Photo 02: H.E. Mr Leonid A. Skotnikov, Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Geneva (centre) with Ph. Bloch (behind the Ambassador, V. Kaftanov) visiting the crystal laboratory in building 27.

  20. Development of Tram Wheel/Track Systems in Zurich,Swiss%瑞士苏黎世有轨电车轮轨系统的优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯韵卿

    2008-01-01

    @@ 瑞士苏黎世市交通公司经营一个有轨电车网.扩建的有轨电车网于1986年投入运营.目前,有轨电车网线路总长166 km,营业里程69 km,最小曲线半径14.5 m,采用Ri60R13槽形轨,轨距1 000mm,最高速度60 km/h.使用Mirage型(1966~1969年制造)和Tram2000型(图1)2种系列车辆,新的Cobra型车辆逐步替代Mirage型车.

  1. Combining Higher-Order Resummation with Multiple NLO Calculations and Parton Showers in the GENEVA Monte Carlo Framework

    CERN Document Server

    Alioli, Simone; Berggren, Calvin; Hornig, Andrew; Tackmann, Frank J; Vermilion, Christopher K; Walsh, Jonathan R; Zuberi, Saba

    2013-01-01

    We discuss the GENEVA Monte Carlo framework, which combines higher-order resummation (NNLL) of large Sudakov logarithms with multiple next-to-leading-order (NLO) matrix-element corrections and parton showering (using PYTHIA8) to give a complete description at the next higher perturbative accuracy in alpha_s at both small and large jet resolution scales. Results for e+e- -> jets compared to LEP data and for Drell-Yan production are presented.

  2. [Sculptor of The Cripple of the Geneva Museum of Art and History. An ancient Greek portrayal of hemimelia?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasen, V

    1997-01-01

    An archaic Greek terracotta vase in the Art and History Museum at Geneva depicts a man deprived of his left arm and with two legs ending in a stump below the knees. Did he suffer from a traumatism (amputation), a mutilating disease or congenital malformation (hemimelia)? A survey of written and iconographic sources throws light on the methods and limits of ancient surgery, and on the chances of survival of abnormal children in archaic and classical Greece.

  3. Origin and spatial-temporal distribution of faecal bacteria in a bay of Lake Geneva, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poté, John; Goldscheider, Nico; Haller, Laurence; Zopfi, Jakob; Khajehnouri, Fereidoun; Wildi, Walter

    2009-07-01

    The origin and distribution of microbial contamination in Lake Geneva's most polluted bay were assessed using faecal indicator bacteria (FIB). The lake is used as drinking water, for recreation and fishing. During 1 year, water samples were taken at 23 points in the bay and three contamination sources: a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP), a river and a storm water outlet. Analyses included Escherichia coli, enterococci (ENT), total coliforms (TC), and heterotrophic plate counts (HPC). E. coli input flux rates from the WWTP can reach 2.5 x 10(10) CFU/s; those from the river are one to three orders of magnitude lower. Different pathogenic Salmonella serotypes were identified in water from these sources. FIB levels in the bay are highly variable. Results demonstrate that (1) the WWTP outlet at 30 m depth impacts near-surface water quality during holomixis in winter; (2) when the lake is stratified, the effluent water is generally trapped below the thermocline; (3) during major floods, upwelling across the thermocline may occur; (4) the river permanently contributes to contamination, mainly near the river mouth and during floods, when the storm water outlet contributes additionally; (5) the lowest FIB levels in the near-surface water occur during low-flow periods in the bathing season.

  4. Geneva University: On our way to anti-hydrogen at rest

    CERN Multimedia

    Geneva University

    2010-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVA 4 Tel: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 28 April 2010 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium On our way to anti-hydrogen at rest Prof. Walter Oelert, Research Center Jülich, Germany Trapped cold atoms of anti-hydrogen are optimal for testing possible CPT violations in comparison of spectral lines and gravitational effects on matter and anti-matter. For this reason it is mandatory to optimize the properties of the clouds of anti-protons and positrons used to produce the anti-hydrogen atoms. The ATRAP-collaboration at CERNs AD did perform such experiments by studying the temperature of these clouds and their stability at different conditions. Though detailed tests have been performed to verify the trapping of anti-hydrogen atoms in a magnetic gradient field no statistically significant signal was detected yet. Re...

  5. Geneva University: Pixel Detectors – trends and options for the future

    CERN Multimedia

    Geneva University

    2012-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY École de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92   Wednesday 25 April 2012 SEMINAIRE DE PHYSIQUE CORPUSCULAIRE Science III, Auditoire 1S081 30Science III, Auditoire 1S081 30 Pixel Detectors – trends and options for the future Prof. Norbert Wermes - University of Bonn  Pixel detectors have been invented in the early 90s with the advancement of micro technologies. With the advent of the LHC, big vertex detectors have demonstrated that the pixel detector type is holding many of the promises it had made before. Meanwhile new, different or just improved variants of the pixel technology are being studied for their suitability for future experiments or experiment upgrades. The talk will address the various pro's and con's comparing hybrid and monolithic pixel technologies and their su...

  6. Geneva University: Observation of electron-antineutrino disappearance at Daya Bay

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2012-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY École de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Monday 19 March 2012 COLLOQUE DE PHYSIQUE 5 p.m. - École de Physique, Auditoire Stueckelberg Observation of electron-antineutrino disappearance at Daya Bay  Professor Yifang Wang Institute of High Energy Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing The Daya Bay Reactor Neutrino Experiment, a multinational collaboration operating in the south of China, today reported the first results of its search for the last, most elusive piece of a long-standing puzzle: how is it that neutrinos can appear to vanish as they travel? The surprising answer opens a gateway to a new understanding of fundamental physics and may eventually solve the riddle of why there is far more ordinary matter than antimatter in the Universe today....

  7. External meeting - Geneva University: Semileptonic and Radiative B-meson decays

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY ECOLE DE PHYSIQUE Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 - Tél : 022 379 62 73 - Fax: 022 379 69 92 Wednesday 4 April 2007 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium Semileptonic and Radiative B-meson decays by Dr Antonio Limosani / K2K, Japon The success of the B Factories at KEK and SLAC has furthered our knowledge of CP violation, a necessary ingredient for the creation of a matter-dominanted universe. Ever increasing data samples has ushered in a new era of precision CP measurements, in which the unitarity of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa matrix is examined for signs of New Physics. One of the crucial pieces of information, surprisingly, comes not from CP violation but from studies of semileptonic decays of the B mesons. I will discuss how various measurements of semileptonic and radiative B decays combine together to provide a precision measurement of the CKM matrix element |Vcb| and to determine the value of s...

  8. Stellar substructures in the solar neighbourhood IV. Kinematic Group 1 in the Geneva-Copenhagen survey

    CERN Document Server

    Ženovienė, R; Nordström, B; Stonkutė, E; Barisevičius, G

    2015-01-01

    We determine detailed elemental abundances in stars belonging to the so-called Group 1 of the Geneva-Copenhagen survey (GCS) and compare the chemical composition with the Galactic thin- and thick-disc stars, with the GCS Group 2 and Group 3 stars, as well as with several kinematic streams of similar metallicities. The aim is to search for chemical signatures that might give information about the formation history of this kinematic group of stars. High-resolution spectra were obtained with the Fibre-fed Echelle Spectrograph (FIES) spectrograph at the Nordic Optical Telescope, La Palma, and were analysed with a differential model atmosphere method. Comparison stars were observed and analysed with the same method. The average value of [Fe/H] for the 37 stars of Group 1 is -0.20 +- 0.14 dex. Investigated Group 1 stars can be separated into three age subgroups. Along with the main 8- and 12-Gyr-old populations, a subgroup of stars younger than 5 Gyr can be separated as well. Abundances of oxygen, alpha-elements, a...

  9. Combining Higher-Order Resummation with Multiple NLO Calculations and Parton Showers in GENEVA

    CERN Document Server

    Alioli, Simone; Berggren, Calvin J; Hornig, Andrew; Tackmann, Frank J; Vermilion, Christopher K; Walsh, Jonathan R; Zuberi, Saba

    2012-01-01

    We extend the lowest-order matching of tree-level matrix elements with parton showers to give a complete description at the next higher perturbative accuracy in alpha_s at both small and large jet resolutions, which has not been achieved so far. This requires the combination of the higher-order resummation of large Sudakov logarithms at small values of the jet resolution variable with the full next-to-leading order (NLO) matrix-element corrections at large values. As a by-product this combination naturally leads to a smooth connection of the NLO calculations for different jet multiplicities. In this paper, we focus on the general construction of our method and discuss its application to e+e and pp collisions. We present first results of the implementation in the GENEVA Monte Carlo framework, where we employ N-jettiness as the jet resolution variable, combining its next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic resummation with fully exclusive NLO matrix elements, and PYTHIA8 as the backend for further parton showering a...

  10. Combining higher-order resummation with multiple NLO calculations and parton showers in GENEVA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alioli, Simone; Bauer, Christian W.; Berggren, Calvin; Vermilion, Christopher K.; Walsh, Jonathan R.; Zuberi, Saba [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Hornig, Andrew [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Tackmann, Frank J. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany). Gruppe Theorie

    2012-11-15

    We extend the lowest-order matching of tree-level matrix elements with parton showers to give a complete description at the next higher perturbative accuracy in {alpha}{sub s} at both small and large jet resolutions, which has not been achieved so far. This requires the combination of the higher-order resummation of large Sudakov logarithms at small values of the jet resolution variable with the full next-to-leading order (NLO) matrix-element corrections at large values. As a by-product, this combination naturally leads to a smooth connection of the NLO calculations for different jet multiplicities. In this paper, we focus on the general construction of our method and discuss its application to e{sup +}e{sup -} and pp collisions. We present first results of the implementation in the GENEVA Monte Carlo framework. We employ N-jettiness as the jet resolution variable, combining its next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic resummation with fully exclusive NLO matrix elements, and PYTHIA 8 as the backend for further parton showering and hadronization. For hadronic collisions, we take Drell-Yan production as an example to apply our construction. For e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} jets, taking {alpha}{sub s}(m{sub Z}) = 0.1135 from fits to LEP thrust data, together with the PYTHIA 8 hadronization model, we obtain good agreement with LEP data for a variety of 2-jet observables.

  11. Sharing Knowledge across the Mediterranean, CERN, Geneva, 6-7 May 2004

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Back in April 2002, AFAS and the "Club de Marseille" jointly convened "World-Med 2002". That meeting was about sharing knowledge between the North and the South of the Mediterranean. The purpose was to show how concrete projects, born from within the civil society, could advance cooperation between countries belonging to different cultures, thereby providing a much-needed stimulus to the political intergovernmental process. The meeting was attended by 850 people, of which 150 came from North Africa. We were delighted to hear that several important projects were indeed born as a result of contacts initiated among the participants. In order to follow-up on that success, AFAS is convening on 6 and 7 May at CERN, Geneva, a smaller meeting (limited to 100 participants) during which we will revisit some of the topics that appeared as promising during "World-Med 2002". This should be seen as the beginning of a series and we will therefore propose that subsequent meetings deal with those important themes that we will...

  12. AMS experiment embarks on first leg of mission into space Geneva, 12 February 2010.

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Video Productions

    2010-01-01

    Geneva, 12 February 2010. The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) left CERN1 this morning on the first leg of its journey to the International Space Station (ISS). A special convoy carrying the experiment is due to arrive at the European Space Agency's research and technology centre, ESTEC, at Noordwijk in the Netherlands in six days time. Once there, the detector will undergo testing of its ability to survive a shuttle lift-off and to operate in space. Twenty members of the AMS collaboration will accompany the detector on its journey. Construction of the AMS detector components was carried out by an international team with significant contributions from CERN Member States France, Germany, Italy, Portugal Spain and Switzerland, as well as China, China (Taipei) and the USA. Assembly was carried out at CERN with help from the Laboratory’s engineering services. From 4 February until Tuesday morning, the detector was put through its paces using a test beam from the Super Proton Synchrotron accelerator. This was t...

  13. The ATLAS Tier-3 in Geneva and the Trigger Development Facility

    CERN Document Server

    Gadomski, S; The ATLAS collaboration; Pasche, P; Baud, J-P

    2010-01-01

    The ATLAS Tier-3 farm at the University of Geneva provides storage and processing power for analysis of ATLAS data. In addition the facility is used for development, validation and commissioning of the High Level Trigger of ATLAS. The latter purpose leads to additional requirements on the availability of latest software and data, which will be presented. The farm is also a part of the WLCG, and is available to all members of the ATLAS Virtual Organization. The farm currently provides 268 CPU cores and 177 TB of storage space. A grid Storage Element, implemented with the Disk Pool Manager software, is available and integrated with the ATLAS Distributed Data Management system. The batch system can be used directly by local users, or with a grid interface provided by NorduGrid ARC middleware. In this article we will present the use cases that we support, as well as the experience with the software and the hardware we are using. Results of I/O benchmarking tests, which were done for our DPM Storage Element and fo...

  14. The ATLAS Tier-3 in Geneva and the Trigger Development Facility

    CERN Document Server

    Gadomski, S; The ATLAS collaboration; Meunier, Y; Pasche, P

    2011-01-01

    The ATLAS Tier-3 farm at the University of Geneva provides storage and processing power for analysis of ATLAS data. In addition the facility is used for development, validation and commissioning of the High Level Trigger of ATLAS. The latter purpose leads to additional requirements on the availability of latest software and data, which will be presented. The farm is also a part of the WLCG, and is available to all members of the ATLAS Virtual Organization. The farm currently provides 268 CPU cores and 177 TB of storage space. A grid Storage Element, implemented with the Disk Pool Manager software, is available and integrated with the ATLAS Distributed Data Management system. The batch system can be used directly by local users, or with a grid interface provided by NorduGrid ARC middleware. In this article we will present the use cases that we support, as well as the experience with the software and the hardware we are using. Results of I/O benchmarking tests, which were done for our DPM Storage Element and fo...

  15. Background, Structure and Priorities of the 2013 Geneva Declaration on Person-centered Health Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salvador-Carulla, Luis; Cloninger, C Robert; Thornicroft, Amalia; Mezzich, Juan E

    Declarations are relevant tools to frame new areas in health care, to raise awareness and to facilitate knowledge-to-action. The International College on Person Centered Medicine (ICPCM) is seeking to extend the impact of the ICPCM Conference Series by producing a declaration on every main topic. The aim of this paper is to describe the development of the 2013 Geneva Declaration on Person-centered Health Research and to provide additional information on the research priority areas identified during this iterative process. There is a need for more PCM research and for the incorporation of the PCM approach into general health research. Main areas of research focus include: Conceptual, terminological, and ontological issues; research to enhance the empirical evidence of PCM main components such as PCM informed clinical communication; PCM-based diagnostic models; person-centered care and interventions; and people-centered care, research on training and curriculum development. Dissemination and implementation of PCM knowledge-base is integral to Person-centered Health Research and shall engage currently available scientific and translational dissemination tools such journals, events and eHealth.

  16. Characteristics of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated in Geneva during colonization or infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherkaoui, Abdessalam; Emonet, Stéphane; Renzi, Gesuele; Schrenzel, Jacques

    2015-09-11

    This study determined the antibiotic susceptibility profile and genetic mechanisms of β-lactam resistance in 27 clinical strains of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated at the University Hospitals of Geneva, Switzerland. The antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed using Etest and the disc diffusion method in accordance with CLSI guidelines. All of the strains were defined as multi-drug resistant (MDR) and were susceptible to colistin and moderately susceptible to tigecycline. Uniplex PCR assays were used to detect the following β-lactamase genes: four class D carbapenem-hydrolysing oxacillinases (blaOXA-51, blaOXA-23, blaOXA-24 and blaOXA-58), four class B metallo-β-lactamases genes (blaIMP, blaVIM, blaSPM and blaNDM) and two class A carbapenemases (blaKPC and blaGES). All of the strains were positive for blaOXA-51 (intrinsic resistance), 14/27 strains carried blaOXA-23, 2/27 strains carried a blaOXA-24-like gene, and 4/27 strains had a blaOXA-58 gene. blaGES-11 was found in three strains, and NDM-1-harbouring strains were identified in three patients. All of the A. baumannii isolates were typed by rep-PCR (DiversiLab) and excluded any clonality. Altogether, this analysis suggests a very high genetic diversity of imported MDR A. baumannii.

  17. Introducing the Geneva emotion recognition test: an example of Rasch-based test development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlegel, Katja; Grandjean, Didier; Scherer, Klaus R

    2014-06-01

    Existing tests to measure the ability to recognize other people's emotional expressions (emotion recognition ability [ERA]) mostly focus on a single modality (usually the face) and include only a small number of emotions, restricting their ecological validity. Further, their reliability is often unsatisfactory. The goal of the present study was to develop a new ERA test (Geneva Emotion Recognition Test [GERT]) that (a) features dynamic and multimodal actor portrayals (short videos with sound), (b) contains a large number of emotions, and (c) is based on modern psychometric principles (item response theory). We asked 295 participants to watch 108 actor portrayals and to choose, for each portrayal, which of 14 emotions had been expressed by the actor. We then applied the Rasch model independently to each of the 14 emotion portrayal subsets to select 83 final items for the GERT. Results showed that the model fits the emotion subtests and the overall GERT and that measurement precision is satisfactory. Consistent with previous findings, we found a decline in ERA with increasing age and an ERA advantage for women. To conclude, the GERT is a promising instrument to measure ERA in a more ecologically valid and comprehensive fashion than previous tests.

  18. [GESNOMA (Geneva Study Group on Noma): state-of-the-art medical research for humanitarian purposes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baratti-Mayer, D; Pittet, B; Montandon, D

    2004-06-01

    Noma is a devastating gangrenous disease that leads to severe tissue destructions in the face. It is seen almost exclusively in children living in less developed countries. The exact prevalence of the disease is unknown and the cause remains unknown too. Risk factors are: malnutrition, a compromised immune system, poor oral hygiene and a lesion of the gingival mucosal barrier, as well as an unidentified bacterial factor. Herpes viruses might also contribute. Studies of the buccal flora in acute phases of noma and comparison with control children do not exist. Our study takes place in Niger. For each child (cases and controls) we take samples of gingival fluid, saliva, blood and mouth mucosal swabs. The samples are analysed in Geneva in different laboratories. We control the serologies for Herpes viruses and measles. We also perform a nutritional assessment and the mucosal swabs are cultivated for the presence of viruses. The gingival flora is investigated by microarrays. These microarrays are instrumental to test for the presence of thousands of different bacteria in each clinical sample. This method allows a qualitative and quantitative description of the oral flora in noma-children and control cases. This is the first large scale study on the etiology of noma which uses new technical approaches for humanitarian purposes.

  19. Geneva University - The AX-PET experiment : A demonstrator for an axial Positron Emission Tomography

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2012-01-01

    Geneva University École de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92   Wednesday 14 March 2012 SEMINAIRE DE PHYSIQUE CORPUSCULAIRE 11.15 a.m. - Science II, Auditoire 1S081, 30, quai Ernest-Ansermet, 1211 Genève 4 The AX-PET experiment : A demonstrator for an axial Positron Emission Tomography Dr Chiara CASELLA   ETH Zurich   PET (Positron Emission Tomography) is a tool for in-vivo functional imaging, successfully used since the earliest days of nuclear medicine. It is based on the detection of the two coincident 511 keV photons from the annihilation of a positron, emitted from a radiotracer injected into the body. Tomographic analysis of the coincidence data allows for a 3D reconstructed image of the source distribution. The AX-PET experiment proposes a novel geometrical approach for a PET scanner, in which l...

  20. Extracellular plant DNA in Geneva groundwater and traditional artesian drinking water fountains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poté, John; Mavingui, Patrick; Navarro, Elisabeth; Rosselli, Walter; Wildi, Walter; Simonet, Pascal; Vogel, Timothy M

    2009-04-01

    DNA, as the signature of life, has been extensively studied in a wide range of environments. While DNA analysis has become central to work on natural gene exchange, forensic analyses, soil bioremediation, genetically modified organisms, exobiology, and palaeontology, fundamental questions about DNA resistance to degradation remain. This paper investigated on the presence of plant DNA in groundwater and artesian fountain (groundwater-fed) samples, which relates to the movement and persistence of DNA in the environment. The study was performed in the groundwater and in the fountains, which are considered as a traditional artesian drinking water in Geneva Champagne Basin. DNA from water samples was extracted, analysed and quantified. Plant gene sequences were detected using PCR amplification based on 18S rRNA gene primers specific for eukaryotes. Physicochemical parameters of water samples including temperature, pH, conductivity, organic matter, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and total organic carbon (TOC) were measured throughout the study. The results revealed that important quantities of plant DNA can be found in the groundwater. PCR amplification based on 18S rDNA, cloning, RFLP analysis and sequencing demonstrated the presence of plant DNA including Vitis rupestris, Vitis berlandieri, Polygonum sp. Soltis, Boopis graminea, and Sinapis alba in the water samples. Our observations support the notion of plant DNA release, long-term persistence and movement in the unsaturated medium as well as in groundwater aquifers.

  1. CERN among the honours in the Geneva inter-company cross-country race

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2013-01-01

    On 12 October, members of the CERN Running Club were yet again among the medals at the 33rd Cross Inter-Entreprises de Genève.   From left to right: Clément, Bastien, Olivier, Cédric, Erik and Mika. (Photo: Clément Bovet.) Teams comprising 3 to 4 runners from companies in the Geneva Canton competed in the 6-km race through the Parc des Evaux in Onex. Two of CERN’s teams made it into the medals in the Men’s category* -  Cédric, Mika, Guillaume and Clément came second, closely followed by their colleagues Olivier, Erik and Bastien, in third.  The next and last event of the year for the members of the Running Club will be the Escalade race, on 6-7 December. * The other categories are “Women” and “Mixed”. The full race results are available here and more photos from the event are available here.

  2. Dynamics of auto- and heterotrophic picoplankton and associated viruses in Lake Geneva

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parvathi, A.; Zhong, X.; Pradeep Ram, A. S.; Jacquet, S.

    2014-03-01

    Microbial dynamics have rarely been investigated in Lake Geneva, known as the largest lake in western Europe. From a 5-month survey, we report dynamic patterns of free-living virus, bacteria and small phytoplankton abundances in response to a variety of environmental parameters. For the first time, we fractionated the primary production to separate the contribution of different size-related biological compartments and measured both bacterial and viral production in addition to experiments conducted to quantify the virus-induced bacterial mortality. We observed marked seasonal and vertical variations in picocyanobacteria, bacteria and virus abundances and production. The contribution of picoplankton and nanoplankton production to the total primary production was high (reaching up to 76% of total primary production) in November and the spring-summer transition period, respectively. The impact of viral lysis on both bacteria and picocyanobacteria was significantly higher than grazing activities. Virus-induced picocyanobacterial mortality reached up to 66% of cell removal compared to virus induced (heterotrophic) bacterial mortality, which reached a maximum of 34% in July. Statistical analyzes revealed that temperature and top-down control by viruses are among important factors regulating the picocyanobacterial dynamics in this lake. More generally speaking, our results add to the growing evidence and accepted view nowadays that viruses are an important actor of freshwater microbial dynamics and more globally of the functioning of the microbial food webs.

  3. External meeting - Geneva University: A lab in a trap: quantum gases in optical lattices

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY ECOLE DE PHYSIQUE Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 - Tél: 022 379 62 73 - Fax: 022 379 69 92 Monday 16 April 2007 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium A lab in a trap: quantum gases in optical lattices by Prof. Tilman Esslinger / Department of Physics, ETH Zurich The field of ultra cold quantum gases has seen an astonishing development during the last ten years. With the demonstration of Bose-Einstein condensation in weakly interacting atomic gases a theoretical concept of unique beauty could be witnessed experimentally. Very recent developments have now made it possible to engineer atomic many-body systems which are dominated by strong interactions. A major driving force for these advances are experiments in which ultracold atoms are trapped in optical lattices. These systems provide anew avenue for designing and studying quantum many-body systems. Exposed to the crystal structure of interfering laser wave...

  4. Predication of Wells and revised Geneva score for pulmonary embolism%Wells 评分和改良 Geneva 评分对肺栓塞的诊断价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马育霞; 刘毅; 王鹏升; 李英; 赵红英; 刘云峰; 李建英; 李楠

    2014-01-01

    Objective To reduce misdiagnosis and underdiagnosis rates of pulmonary embolism ,the prediction of the Wells score and revised Geneva score for pulmonary embolism were compared and analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curves .Meth-ods Six hundred and thirty-seven cases with suspected pulmonary embolism ( PE) were collected ,among whom 256 cases with PE were clinically confirmed .Before CTPA test or on condition that test results were unknown ,clinical scoring was assessed prospectively by the Wells score and the Revised Geneva score .ROC curves was used to evaluate the probability of PE predicted by the Wells and the re -vised Geneva scores.Results The prevalence of PE was 7.7% with a low clinical probability (Wells Score6 points).The confirmed PE was 12.1%with a low probability(Geneva score 0-3 points),46.6% in intermediate probability(4-10 points),60.0% in high probability(score≥11 points).The area under curve (AUC) of the ROC curve in the Wells and Geneva scores was 0.849(95%Cl:0.817-0.881) and 0.813(95%Cl:0.778-0.849).Optimal cut off value was 2.75 points in the Wells Score and 6.5 points in the Geneva score .The comparison of the area under curve between the Wells and the Geneva score had a statistically signifcant difference ( P <0.05).Conclusion The Wells score and the revised Geneva score are valuable in prediction of pulmonary embolism .The Wells score is generally superior to the revised Geneva score .%目的:为减少肺栓塞误诊漏诊,探讨并应用受试者工作特征曲线( receiver operator characteristic curve , ROC曲线),比较改良Geneva评分和Wells评分系统对肺栓塞的预测价值。方法选择临床疑似诊断为肺栓塞并接受经CT肺动脉造影( CTPA)检查的患者637例,确诊肺栓塞256例,临床医师用Wells评分和改良Geneva评分对患者进行临床评分,应用ROC曲线比较两种评分法对肺栓塞的预测价值。结果 Wells评分<2分肺栓塞可能性为7.7%,2

  5. Tramvay Yolcu Memnuniyetinin Lojistik Regresyon Analiziyle Ölçülmesi: Estram Örneği(Measuring the Traveller Satisfaction of Tram Using Logistic Regression: A Case Study of Estram

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuray GİRGİNER

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, it has been investigated traveller satisfaction about the tram which is one of the mass transportation vehicles on case of Eskisehir’s Tram System (Estram using Binomial Logistic Regression Analysis. Eskisehir’s population have become dense on students and their’s satisfactions as traveller have important. So, sample of this study has formed from 300 students of Anatolia University and Eskisehir Osmangazi University which are in Eskisehir and they have selected with Simple Random Sampling. As a consequence, utilizing some of subjective and objective variables, it is investigated whether or not Estram satisfies these students. Considering latent variable about satisfaction at the binomial level, binomial logistic regression is implemented about student satisfaction. The result of analysis showed that whole independent variables had negative effect on the satisfaction of students about Estram.

  6. Identification of Cryptosporidium Species in Fish from Lake Geneva (Lac Leman in France.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Certad

    Full Text Available Cryptosporidium, a protozoan parasite that can cause severe diarrhea in a wide range of vertebrates including humans, is increasingly recognized as a parasite of a diverse range of wildlife species. However, little data are available regarding the identification of Cryptosporidium species and genotypes in wild aquatic environments, and more particularly in edible freshwater fish. To evaluate the prevalence of Cryptosporidiumspp. in fish from Lake Geneva (Lac Léman in France, 41 entire fish and 100 fillets (cuts of fish flesh were collected from fishery suppliers around the lake. Nested PCR using degenerate primers followed by sequence analysis was used. Five fish species were identified as potential hosts of Cryptosporidium: Salvelinus alpinus, Esox lucius, Coregonus lavaretus, Perca fluviatilis, and Rutilus rutilus. The presence of Cryptosporidium spp. was found in 15 out of 41 fish (37%, distributed as follows: 13 (87% C. parvum, 1 (7% C. molnari, and 1 (7% mixed infection (C. parvum and C. molnari. C. molnari was identified in the stomach, while C. parvum was found in the stomach and intestine. C. molnari was also detected in 1 out of 100 analyzed fillets. In order to identify Cryptosporidium subtypes, sequencing of the highly polymorphic 60-kDa glycoprotein (gp60 was performed. Among the C. parvum positive samples, three gp60 subtypes were identified: IIaA15G2R1, IIaA16G2R1, and IIaA17G2R1. Histological examination confirmed the presence of potential developmental stages of C. parvum within digestive epithelial cells. These observations suggest that C. parvum is infecting fish, rather than being passively carried. Since C. parvum is a zoonotic species, fish potentially contaminated by the same subtypes found in terrestrial mammals would be an additional source of infection for humans and animals, and may also contribute to the contamination of the environment with this parasite. Moreover, the risk of human transmission is strengthened by

  7. Identification of Cryptosporidium Species in Fish from Lake Geneva (Lac Léman) in France

    Science.gov (United States)

    Certad, Gabriela; Dupouy-Camet, Jean; Gantois, Nausicaa; Hammouma-Ghelboun, Ourida; Pottier, Muriel; Guyot, Karine; Benamrouz, Sadia; Osman, Marwan; Delaire, Baptiste; Creusy, Colette; Viscogliosi, Eric; Aliouat-Denis, Cecile Marie; Follet, Jérôme

    2015-01-01

    Cryptosporidium, a protozoan parasite that can cause severe diarrhea in a wide range of vertebrates including humans, is increasingly recognized as a parasite of a diverse range of wildlife species. However, little data are available regarding the identification of Cryptosporidium species and genotypes in wild aquatic environments, and more particularly in edible freshwater fish. To evaluate the prevalence of Cryptosporidiumspp. in fish from Lake Geneva (Lac Léman) in France, 41 entire fish and 100 fillets (cuts of fish flesh) were collected from fishery suppliers around the lake. Nested PCR using degenerate primers followed by sequence analysis was used. Five fish species were identified as potential hosts of Cryptosporidium: Salvelinus alpinus, Esox lucius, Coregonus lavaretus, Perca fluviatilis, and Rutilus rutilus. The presence of Cryptosporidium spp. was found in 15 out of 41 fish (37%), distributed as follows: 13 (87%) C. parvum, 1 (7%) C. molnari, and 1 (7%) mixed infection (C. parvum and C. molnari). C. molnari was identified in the stomach, while C. parvum was found in the stomach and intestine. C. molnari was also detected in 1 out of 100 analyzed fillets. In order to identify Cryptosporidium subtypes, sequencing of the highly polymorphic 60-kDa glycoprotein (gp60) was performed. Among the C. parvum positive samples, three gp60 subtypes were identified: IIaA15G2R1, IIaA16G2R1, and IIaA17G2R1. Histological examination confirmed the presence of potential developmental stages of C. parvum within digestive epithelial cells. These observations suggest that C. parvum is infecting fish, rather than being passively carried. Since C. parvum is a zoonotic species, fish potentially contaminated by the same subtypes found in terrestrial mammals would be an additional source of infection for humans and animals, and may also contribute to the contamination of the environment with this parasite. Moreover, the risk of human transmission is strengthened by the

  8. A Speckle survey of Southern Hipparcos Visual Doubles and Geneva-Copenhagen Spectroscopic Binaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendez, R. A.; Tokovinin, A.; Horch, E.

    2017-07-01

    The prospect of exquisite-precision parallaxes that will be enabled by the Gaia satellite dramatically changes the landscape of observational stellar astrophysics: If one considers the Hipparcos double stars that lie within 250 pc of the Solar system, a parallax determined by Gaia would yield an uncertainty under 1% for all these objects. In this volume, there are 591 Hipparcos double star discoveries and 160 spectroscopic binaries from the Geneva-Copenhagen spectroscopic survey in the declination range of -20° to -90°. These two samples are important as a source of new binaries from which we will derive masses, component luminosities, and effective temperatures in the coming years. The northern hemisphere counterpart of these objects have been systematically observed at the WIYN Telescope by Horch and collaborators (Horch, E. P., van Altena, W. F., Howell, S. B., Sherry, W. H., & Ciardi, D. R. 2011, AJ, 141, 180). On the other hand, Tokovinin has shown the ability of HRCam at the CTIO/SOAR 4m telescope for binary star research. In 2014 we started a speckle survey with SOAR+HRCam that will complement and significantly extend those previous efforts, allowing us to compile a unique all-sky, volume-limited speckle survey of these two primary samples. So far 12 nights (spread over 3 semesters) have been granted through the Chilean reserved time, with lots of binaries confirmed, many new binaries found, and with several multiple systems discovered (Tokovinin et al., 2015, AJ, 150, 50 and 2016, AJ, 151, 153). Our survey, when complete, will open the door to many sensitive tests of stellar evolution theory, and a large number of new points on the MLR. With this we will truly be able to investigate effects such as metallicity and age on the MLR for the first time. In cases where one component has evolved off the main sequence, age determinations will also be possible.

  9. Identification of Cryptosporidium Species in Fish from Lake Geneva (Lac Léman) in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Certad, Gabriela; Dupouy-Camet, Jean; Gantois, Nausicaa; Hammouma-Ghelboun, Ourida; Pottier, Muriel; Guyot, Karine; Benamrouz, Sadia; Osman, Marwan; Delaire, Baptiste; Creusy, Colette; Viscogliosi, Eric; Dei-Cas, Eduardo; Aliouat-Denis, Cecile Marie; Follet, Jérôme

    2015-01-01

    Cryptosporidium, a protozoan parasite that can cause severe diarrhea in a wide range of vertebrates including humans, is increasingly recognized as a parasite of a diverse range of wildlife species. However, little data are available regarding the identification of Cryptosporidium species and genotypes in wild aquatic environments, and more particularly in edible freshwater fish. To evaluate the prevalence of Cryptosporidiumspp. in fish from Lake Geneva (Lac Léman) in France, 41 entire fish and 100 fillets (cuts of fish flesh) were collected from fishery suppliers around the lake. Nested PCR using degenerate primers followed by sequence analysis was used. Five fish species were identified as potential hosts of Cryptosporidium: Salvelinus alpinus, Esox lucius, Coregonus lavaretus, Perca fluviatilis, and Rutilus rutilus. The presence of Cryptosporidium spp. was found in 15 out of 41 fish (37%), distributed as follows: 13 (87%) C. parvum, 1 (7%) C. molnari, and 1 (7%) mixed infection (C. parvum and C. molnari). C. molnari was identified in the stomach, while C. parvum was found in the stomach and intestine. C. molnari was also detected in 1 out of 100 analyzed fillets. In order to identify Cryptosporidium subtypes, sequencing of the highly polymorphic 60-kDa glycoprotein (gp60) was performed. Among the C. parvum positive samples, three gp60 subtypes were identified: IIaA15G2R1, IIaA16G2R1, and IIaA17G2R1. Histological examination confirmed the presence of potential developmental stages of C. parvum within digestive epithelial cells. These observations suggest that C. parvum is infecting fish, rather than being passively carried. Since C. parvum is a zoonotic species, fish potentially contaminated by the same subtypes found in terrestrial mammals would be an additional source of infection for humans and animals, and may also contribute to the contamination of the environment with this parasite. Moreover, the risk of human transmission is strengthened by the

  10. Comparison of the Wells score with the revised Geneva score for assessing suspected pulmonary embolism: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Jun-Hua; Chen, Hong-Lin; Chen, Jian-Rong; Xing, Jia-Li; Gu, Peng; Zhu, Bao-Feng

    2016-04-01

    The Wells score and the revised Geneva score are two most commonly used clinical rules for excluding pulmonary embolism (PE). In this study, we aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of these two rules; we also compared the diagnostic accuracy between them. We searched PubMed and Web of science up to April 2015. Studies assessed Wells score and revised Geneva score for diagnosis suspected PE were included. The summary area under the curve (AUC) and the 95 % confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Eleven studies were included in this meta-analysis. For Wells score, the sensitivity ranged from 63.8 to 79.3 %, and the specificity ranged from 48.8 to 90.0 %. The overall weighted AUC was 0.778 (95 % CI 0.740-0.818; Z = 9.88, P Geneva score, the sensitivity ranged from 55.3 to 73.6 %. The overall weighted AUC was 0.693 (95 % CI 0.653-0.736; Z = 11.96, P Geneva score for predicting PE in suspected patients. Meta-regression showed diagnostic accuracy of these two rules was not related with PE prevalence. Sensitivity analysis by only included prospective studies showed the results were robust. Our results showed the Wells score was more effective than the revised Geneva score in discriminate PE in suspected patients.

  11. Medical oath: use and relevance of the Declaration of Geneva. A survey of member organizations of the World Medical Association (WMA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rheinsberg, Zoé; Parsa-Parsi, Ramin; Kloiber, Otmar; Wiesing, Urban

    2017-08-07

    The Declaration of Geneva is one of the core documents of medical ethics. A revision process was started by the World Medical Association (WMA) in 2016. The WMA has also used this occasion to examine how the Declaration of Geneva is used in countries throughout the world by conducting a survey of all WMA constituent members. The findings are highly important and raise urgent questions for the World Medical Association and its National Medical Associations (NMA): The Declaration of Geneva is only rarely used as an oath text despite the fact that physicians' oaths are generally widespread. This is not consistent with the intention and claim of the Declaration of Geneva. The article then discusses three questions. Should there be one single binding oath? Which organization should be responsible for such an oath? Which oath is the most obvious candidate? In a globalized world and despite all cultural diversity, the medical profession should have one core moral basis which is binding for physicians all over the world. The most obvious candidate for an oath incorporating this moral basis is the Declaration of Geneva.

  12. Antibiotic resistant bacteria/genes dissemination in lacustrine sediments highly increased following cultural eutrophication of Lake Geneva (Switzerland).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thevenon, Florian; Adatte, Thierry; Wildi, Walter; Poté, John

    2012-02-01

    This study investigates faecal indicator bacteria (FIB), multiple antibiotic resistant (MAR), and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), of sediment profiles from different parts of Lake Geneva (Switzerland) over the last decades. MARs consist to expose culturable Escherichia coli (EC) and Enterococcus (ENT) to mixed five antibiotics including Ampicillin, Tetracycline, Amoxicillin, Chloramphenicol and Erythromycin. Culture-independent is performed to assess the distribution of ARGs responsible for, β-lactams (blaTEM; Amoxicillin/Ampicillin), Streptomycin/Spectinomycin (aadA), Tetracycline (tet) Chloramphenicol (cmlA) and Vancomycin (van). Bacterial cultures reveal that in the sediments deposited following eutrophication of Lake Geneva in the 1970s, the percentage of MARs to five antibiotics varied from 0.12% to 4.6% and 0.016% to 11.6% of total culturable EC and ENT, respectively. In these organic-rich bacteria-contaminated sediments, the blaTEM resistant of FIB varied from 22% to 48% and 16% to 37% for EC and ENT respectively, whereas the positive PCR assays responsible for tested ARGs were observed for EC, ENT, and total DNA from all samples. The aadA resistance gene was amplified for all the sediment samples, including those not influenced by WWTP effluent water. Our results demonstrate that bacteria MARs and ARGs highly increased in the sediments contaminated with WWTP effluent following the cultural eutrophication of Lake Geneva. Hence, the human-induced changing limnological conditions highly enhanced the sediment microbial activity, and therein the spreading of antibiotic resistant bacteria and genes in this aquatic environment used to supply drinking water in a highly populated area. Furthermore, the presence of the antibiotic resistance gene aadA in all the studied samples points out a regional dissemination of this emerging contaminant in freshwater sediments since at least the late nineteenth century.

  13. CALL in Second Language Acquisition: Introducing a German Textbook Based Translation Game in a Geneva Middle School Class

    OpenAIRE

    Baur, Claudia

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an evaluation of an exercise where CALL-SLT, a web-based spoken translation game, was integrated into in a Geneva middle school class. It shows how the usage of a CALL application as a complement to traditional school teaching can help pupils improve their productive language skills and how it can help them overcome their inhibition to communicate in a foreign language. In this paper the CALL-SLT platform and its adaption to a German textbook are described, as well as the ...

  14. Correction: Washington and Geneva arrive in Buenos Aires: notes on the history of the habit of smoking and its medicalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702015000100017.]. Upon request of the author, the article "Washington and Geneva come to Buenos Aires: notes on the history of smoking and its medicalization" by Diego Armus, publicado em História, Ciências, Saúde - Manguinhos, v.22, n.1 , Jan.-Mar. 2015:on page 301, second paragraph, sixth line, where it says " It was only in 2012 when Argentina ratified the agreement and the National Congress approved a new national law" it should read "It was only in 2012, without having ratified the convention, when the National Congress approved a new national law. "

  15. A Time for Action on Health Inequities: Foundations of the 2014 Geneva Declaration on Person- and People-centered Integrated Health Care for All

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cloninger, C. Robert; Salvador-Carulla, Luis; Kirmayer, Laurence J.; Schwartz, Michael A.; Appleyard, James; Goodwin, Nick; Groves, JoAnna; Hermans, Marc H. M.; Mezzich, Juan E.; van Staden, C. W.; Rawaf, Salman

    2015-01-01

    Global inequalities contribute to marked disparities in health and wellness of human populations. Many opportunities now exist to provide health care to all people in a person- and people-centered way that is effective, equitable, and sustainable. We review these opportunities and the scientific, historical, and philosophical considerations that form the basis for the International College of Person-centered Medicine’s 2014 Geneva Declaration on Person- and People-centered Integrated Health Care for All. Using consistent time-series data, we critically examine examples of universal healthcare systems in Chile, Spain, and Cuba. In a person-centered approach to public health, people are recognized to have intrinsic dignity and are treated with respect to encourage their developing health and happiness. A person-centered approach supports the freedom and the responsibility to develop one’s life in ways that are personally meaningful and that are respectful of others and the environment in which we live together. Evidence suggests that health care organizations function well when they operate in a person-and people-centered way because that stimulates better coordination, cooperation, and social trust. Health care coverage must be integrated at several interconnected levels in order to be effective, efficient, and fair. To reduce the burden of disease, integration is needed between the people seeking and delivering care, within the social network of each person, across the trajectory of each person’s life, among primary caregivers and specialists, and across multiple sectors of society. For integration to succeed across all these levels, it must foster common values and a shared vision of the future. PMID:26140190

  16. 6th Annual European Antibody Congress 2010: November 29-December 1, 2010, Geneva, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Alain; Wurch, Thierry; Reichert, Janice M

    2011-01-01

    The 6th European Antibody Congress (EAC), organized by Terrapinn Ltd., was held in Geneva, Switzerland, which was also the location of the 4th and 5th EAC. As was the case in 2008 and 2009, the EAC was again the largest antibody congress held in Europe, drawing nearly 250 delegates in 2010. Numerous pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies active in the field of therapeutic antibody development were represented, as were start-up and academic organizations and representatives from the US Food and Drug Administration FDA. The global trends in antibody research and development were discussed, including success stories of recent marketing authorizations of golimumab (Simponi®) and canakinumab (Ilaris®) by Johnson & Johnson and Novartis, respectively, updates on antibodies in late clinical development (obinutuzumab/GA101, farletuzumab/MORAb-003 and itolizumab/T1 h, by Glycart/Roche, Morphotek and Biocon, respectively) and success rates for this fast-expanding class of therapeutics (Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development). Case studies covering clinical progress of girentuximab (Wilex), evaluation of panobacumab (Kenta Biotech), characterization of therapeutic antibody candidates by protein microarrays (Protagen), antibody-drug conjugates (sanofi-aventis, ImmunoGen, Seattle Genetics, Wyeth/Pfizer), radio-immunoconjugates (Bayer Schering Pharma, Université de Nantes) and new scaffolds (Ablynx, AdAlta, Domantis/GlaxoSmithKline, Fresenius, Molecular Partners, Pieris, Scil Proteins, Pfizer, University of Zurich) were presented. Major antibody structural improvements were showcased, including the latest selection engineering of the best isotypes (Abbott, Pfizer, Pierre Fabre), hinge domain (Pierre Fabre), dual antibodies (Abbott), IgG-like bispecific antibodies (Biogen Idec), antibody epitope mapping case studies (Eli Lilly), insights in FcγRII receptor (University of Cambridge), as well as novel tools for antibody fragmentation (Genovis). Improvements of

  17. A Multiscale Surface Water Temperature Data Acquisition Platform: Tests on Lake Geneva, Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, D. A.; Irani Rahaghi, A.; Lemmin, U.; Riffler, M.; Wunderle, S.

    2015-12-01

    An improved understanding of surface transport processes is necessary to predict sediment, pollutant and phytoplankton patterns in large lakes. Lake surface water temperature (LSWT), which varies in space and time, reflects meteorological and climatological forcing more than any other physical lake parameter. There are different data sources for LSWT mapping, including remote sensing and in situ measurements. Satellite data can be suitable for detecting large-scale thermal patterns, but not meso- or small scale processes. Lake surface thermography, investigated in this study, has finer resolution compared to satellite images. Thermography at the meso-scale provides the ability to ground-truth satellite imagery over scales of one to several satellite image pixels. On the other hand, thermography data can be used as a control in schemes to upscale local measurements that account for surface energy fluxes and the vertical energy budget. Independently, since such data can be collected at high frequency, they can be also useful in capturing changes in the surface signatures of meso-scale eddies and thus to quantify mixing processes. In the present study, we report results from a Balloon Launched Imaging and Monitoring Platform (BLIMP), which was developed in order to measure the LSWT at meso-scale. The BLIMP consists of a small balloon that is tethered to a boat and equipped with thermal and RGB cameras, as well as other instrumentation for location and communication. Several deployments were carried out on Lake Geneva. In a typical deployment, the BLIMP is towed by a boat, and collects high frequency data from different heights (i.e., spatial resolutions) and locations. Simultaneous ground-truthing of the BLIMP data is achieved using an autonomous craft that collects a variety of data, including in situ surface/near surface temperatures, radiation and meteorological data in the area covered by the BLIMP images. With suitable scaling, our results show good consistency

  18. A Request for Planning Funds for a Research and Study Abroad Facility in Geneva, Switzerland in Affiliation with the European Laboratory for Particle Physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    campbell, myron

    2013-03-31

    To create a research and study abroad program that would allow U.S. undergraduate students access to the world-leading research facilities at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), the World Health Organization, various operations of the United Nations and other international organizations based in Geneva.The proposal is based on the unique opportunities currently existing in Geneva. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is now operational at CERN, data are being collected, and research results are already beginning to emerge. At the same time, a related reduction of activity at U.S. facilities devoted to particle physics is expected. In addition, the U.S. higher-education community has an ever-increasing focus on international organizations dealing with world health pandemics, arms control and human rights, a nexus also centered in Geneva.

  19. Development of a 60 kHz, 180 kW, Over 85% Efficiency Inductive Power Transfer System for a Tram

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seung-Hwan Lee

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Conventional contact-based train power transfer systems have high maintenance costs and safety issues and cause noise and additional aerodynamic drag. Instead of the conventional system, a loosely coupled online wireless power transfer (WPT system for a train is proposed in this paper. The operating frequency of the proposed design is 60 kHz to ensure a low flux density and a high-efficiency system with a large air gap. In addition, a new transmitter track and pick-up geometry for 60 kHz operation are designed using finite element analysis (FEA. The proposed design is evaluated theoretically and experimentally. By using the simulated results, a new 180 kW, 15 m test-bed for a tram is constructed. The total power transfer efficiency is greater than 85% at the rated output power, and the loss distribution in the system is identified. Electromagnetic field (EMF radiation and the voltage induction at the rail are measured for safety evaluation. The measured EMF satisfied international guidelines.

  20. Entitlement to vote in the Cantons of Geneva and Vaud and eligibility for election in the Canton of Vaud

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    The Permanent Mission of Switzerland has informed CERN that some international civil servants and members of their families are henceforth entitled to vote on commune matters in the Canton of Geneva and are entitled to vote and are eligible for election at commune level in the Canton of Vaud. For further information, in particular regarding the special procedure to be followed to apply to exercise this entitlement, you are invited to consult the information published, in French only, on the Swiss Mission's website: http://www.dfae.admin.ch/eda/fr/home/topics/intorg/un/unge/gepri/manvot/manvt1.html (for the Canton of Geneva), http://www.eda.admin.ch/eda/fr/home/topics/intorg/un/unge/gepri/manvot/manvt2.html (for the Canton of Vaud), In this regard, you are reminded that: Under Articles I 3.05 and I 3.07 of the Staff Rules, a member of the personnel 'may take part, outside the Organization, in the public and political life of a State in accordance with the relevant legislation' and 'express his own person...

  1. CAR PARKS P3 AND P4 AT GENEVA AIRPORT: PRIVILEGES GRANTED TO PERSONS HOLDING DIPLOMATIC STATUS

    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service; Tel. 72848

    2001-01-01

    The Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the international organisations in Geneva (hereinafter referred to as the «Swiss Mission») has informed CERN that the privileges granted to drivers of vehicles bearing diplomatic registration plates with respect to the use of Car-Park P3, situated at the «Departures» level of Geneva International Airport, have been renewed for an indefinite duration, subject to the following conditions: Vehicles bearing Swiss or French diplomatic plates are authorised to park for one hour in Car-Park P3 free of charge. The white entrance ticket entitles the holder to 15 minutes' free parking. Should the period of stay exceed 15 minutes but remain within one hour, drivers of vehicles bearing diplomatic plates should proceed to the car-parks control centre («Centre de Contrôle») at the Arrivals level, which is open 24 hours a day, and exchange their white entrance ticket for a pink exit pass free of charge by presen...

  2. Human rights from the Nuremberg Doctors Trial to the Geneva Declaration. Persons and institutions in medical ethics and history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frewer, Andreas

    2010-08-01

    The "Universal Declaration of Human Rights" and the "Geneva Declaration" by the World Medical Association, both in 1948, were preceded by the foundation of the United Nations in New York (1945), the World Medical Association in London (1946) and the World Health Organization in Geneva (1948). After the end of World War II the community of nations strove to achieve and sustain their primary goals of peace and security, as well as their basic premise, namely the health of human beings. All these associations were well aware of the crimes by medicine, in particular by the accused Nazi physicians at the Nuremberg Doctors Trial (1946/47, sentence: August 1947). During the first conference of the World Medical Association (September 1947) issues of medical ethics played a major role: and a new document was drafted concerning the values of the medical profession. After the catastrophe of the War and the criminal activities of scientists, the late 1940s saw increased scrutiny paid to fundamental questions of human rights and medical ethics, which are still highly relevant for today's medicine and morality. The article focuses on the development of medical ethics and human rights reflected in the statement of important persons, codes and institutions in the field.

  3. Editing Newton in Geneva and Rome: The Annotated Edition of the Principia by Calandrini, Le Seur and Jacquier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guicciardini, Niccolò

    2015-07-01

    This contribution examines the circumstances of composition of the annotated edition of Newton's Principia that was printed in Geneva in 1739-1742, which ran to several editions and was still in print in Britain in the mid-nineteenth century. This edition was the work of the Genevan Professor of Mathematics, Jean Louis Calandrini, and of two Minim friars based in Rome, Thomas Le Seur and François Jacquier. The study of the context in which this edition was conceived sheds light on the early reception of Newtonianism in Geneva and Rome. By taking into consideration the careers of Calandrini, Le Seur and Jacquier, as authors, lecturers and leading characters of Genevan and Roman cultural life, I will show that their involvement in the enterprise of annotating Newton's Principia answered specific needs of Genevan and Roman culture. The publication and reception of the Genevan annotated edition has also a broader European dimension. Both Calandrini and Jacquier were in touch with the French république des lettres, most notably with Clairaut and Du Châtelet, and with the Bernoulli family in Basel. Therefore, this study is also relevant for the understanding of the dissemination of Newton's ideas in Europe.

  4. HEALTH INFO INFORMATION FROM THE CHIS BOARD AND THE PERSONNEL DIVISION: DIFFERENCES IN DOCTORS' FEES IN GENEVA

    CERN Multimedia

    1999-01-01

    Our health insurance system falls into the 'private' category and fees for the same medical treatment from different doctors can vary enormously. However, over the last few months, information has been compiled which will be a useful tool to curb rising health care costs. We urge you to use it! AUSTRIA has drawn up a table of fees charged for a whole series of standard consultations over the last few months to learn more about average rates and facilitate comparisons. The result is a list of Geneva doctors known to charge members of the CERN health insurance the same rates as their patients covered by the Geneva health funds. The list is available for consultation at the CERN AUSTRIA office or at the Social Affairs office. You will appreciate that this list cannot be published or distributed.If you would like to know if your doctor is on the list or if you are looking for a new doctor, be it a general practitioner or a specialist - please come and have a look - it's worth taking the time to get more informati...

  5. First Lecture of Collide@CERN Geneva for Dance and Performance: Gilles Jobin artist in residency and his inspiration partner Joao Pequenao

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2012-01-01

    CERN, jointly with Canton and City of Geneva, presents the public lecture of Gilles Jobin, the first winner of the Prix Collide@CERN Geneva, residency award for Dance and Performance arts, and his inspiration partner. They will present their work in dance and science at the CERN Globe of Science and Innovation on Wendesday 23 May 2012 at 19h (open doors at 18.30h) Refreshments will be served afterwards. Please reserve your places for you and your friends by contacting merce.monje.cano@cern.ch. +41 22 76 75246 We very much look forward to seeing you there.

  6. Tracing of the Rhône River within Lake Geneva using stable isotope composition of water

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cotte, Gabriel; Vennemann, Torsten

    2017-04-01

    Determining the hydrodynamics of lake water is essential for a better understanding of nutrient transport but also of the distribution of potential pollutants through water reservoirs. The objective of this study is to understand the mixing of Rhône River water within Lake Geneva. During summer and autumn, when the lake thermally well stratified, the Rhône River water can potentially flow more or less directly towards and finally out of the "Petit Lac" (small lake basin close to Geneva) more than 55 km from its mouth. During winter, when stratification is weakened, the water from the Rhône River mixes more diffusively with the water of Lake Geneva. The aim of this study is to determine the path of the Rhône River through the lake more precisely and identify the thermal and meteorologic conditions favourable for different types of flows as suggested by physical circulation models of the Rhône River interflows. Waters are sampled from different North-South transects across the lake. Bathymetric profiles are measured for temperature, pH, conductivity and oxygen concentrations. In addition, the H- and O-isotope compositions of water, the C-isotope composition of dissolved inorganic carbon and the major ions are analysed. Sampling campaigns are carried out every two months to study the hydrodynamics of the lake at varying thermal conditions. The isotopic composition of water was already proven to be a powerful tool to trace the Rhône River interflow within the lake (Halder et al., 2013) but the details of this interflow remain debatable. It is the aim of the present study to use the isotopic tracer method in much more detailed cross-sections as a tool to both test and verify interflow models based on wind patterns and thermal dispersion of the waters. The chosen cross-sections, to be sampled regularly and "event-based", that is after extended periods of similar meteorological conditions, should allow for more precise estimates of the path of the Rhône water

  7. Fault segmentation and fluid flow in the Geneva Basin (France & Switzerland)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardello, Giovanni Luca; Lupi, Matteo; Makhloufi, Yasin; Do Couto, Damien; Clerc, Nicolas; Sartori, Mario; Samankassou, Elias; Moscariello, Andrea; Gorin, Georges; Meyer, Michel

    2017-04-01

    The Geneva Basin (GB) is an Oligo-Miocene siliciclastic basin tightened between the Alps and the southern Jura fold-and-thrust belt, whose carbonate reservoir is crossed by faults of uncertain continuity. In the frame of the geothermal exploration of the GB, the associated side risks, i.e., maximum expected earthquake magnitude, and the best suitable geothermal structures need to be determined. The outcropping relieves represent good field analogues of buried structures identified after seismo-stratigraphic analysis. In this frame, we review the regional tectonics to define the i) present-day setting, ii) fault properties and; iii) preferential paths for fluid flow. Field and geophysical data confirmed that during the late Oligocene-early Miocene the Molasse siliciclastic deposits progressively sealed the growing anticlines consisting of Mesozoic carbonates. Those are shaped by a series of fore- and back-thrusts, which we have identified also within the Molasse. As shortening is accommodated by bed-to-bed flexural-slip within shale-rich interlayers, usually having scarce hydraulic inter-connectivity, syn-kinematic mineralization massively concentrates instead within two strike-slip sets. The "wet" faults can be distinguished on the base of: orientation, amount of displacement and fabric. The first set (1) is constituted by left-lateral NNW-striking faults. The most remarkable of those, the Vuache Fault, is about 20 km long, determining a pop-up structure plunging to the SE. Minor structures, up to 5 km long, are the tear-faults dissecting the Salève antiform. In places, those are associated with brittle-ductile transition textures and crack-and-seal mineralization. Set (1) later evolved into discrete and still segmented faulting as it is traced by earthquakes nucleated at less than 5 km of depth (ML 5.3, Epagny 1996). The second set (2) is constituted by W/NW-striking right-lateral faults, up to 10 km long, associated in places with thick polyphase breccia

  8. Mass movement deposit and Tsunami in Lake Geneva (Switzerland-France) caused by a rockslide in 563 AD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kremer, K.; Simpson, G.; Girardclos, S.

    2012-04-01

    Steep continental margins are known to collapse, producing submarine landslides that can generate Tsunamis. At smaller scale, the same can happen in lake basins. Lake sediments are excellent archives of such events. The study of mass movement deposits in lake sediments allows a better knowledge of past natural hazards in intracontinental regions at historic and prehistoric timescales. In Lake Geneva (Switzerland-France), more than 100 km of high resolution seismic reflection profiles reveal two distinct sequences in the lakes' late Holocene sedimentation history. The first sequence consists mainly of a succession of five large lens-shaped seismic units (A to E), characterized by transparent/chaotic seismic facies with irregular lower boundaries, interpreted as mass-movement deposits. These units are interbedded with parallel, continuous and strong amplitude reflections, interpreted as the 'background' lake sediment. The largest and most recent unit (E) is 5 m thick, covers an area of 50 km2 and has an estimated minimum volume of 0.25 km3, making it the largest sub-lacustrine mass-movement unit in Switzerland. The second sediment sequence consists of 5 m of 'background' seismic facies with parallel geometry, varying at small scale between chaotic/transparent and continuous, high amplitude reflections, which is interpreted as alternating turbidite and hemipelagic layers, respectively. Four 10 m long sediment cores confirm the seismic interpretation and show that the 5 m thick deposit can be described as a co-genetic debrite turbidite (Talling et al., 2004). Radiocarbon dating of plant macro-remains reveals that the unit E deposit may be linked to the Tauredunum rockslide of 563 AD in Rhone delta area. The induced sediment failure in the Rhone delta triggered a tsunami wave destroying parts of the Geneva Burgudian city and other villages at the lake borders as described in historical records. Numerical simulations, based on the shallow water equations, performed here

  9. Preliminary investigations on picoplankton-related precipitation of alkaline-earth metal carbonates in meso-oligotrophic lake Geneva (Switzerland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Michel Jaquet

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In the course of a routine water-quality survey in meso-oligotrophic lake Geneva (Switzerland, suspended matter was collected by filtration on 0.2 μm membranes in July and August 2012 at the depth of maximal chlorophyll a (Chl a concentration (2 mg m–3. Examination by scanning electron microscopy revealed the presence of numerous dark and gelatinous patches occluding the pores of the membranes, containing high numbers of picoplanktonic cells and, in places, clusters of high-reflectance smooth microspheres (1-2 μm in diameter. Their chemical composition, determined by semi-quantitative, energy-dispersive X ray spectroscopy (EDS showed magnesium (Mg, calcium (Ca, strontium (Sr and barium (Ba (alkaline earth metals to be the dominant cations. Among the anions, phosphorus (P and carbon (C were present, but only the latter is considered here (as carbonate. The microspheres were subdivided into four types represented in a Ca-Sr-Ba ternary space. All types are confined within a domain bound by Ca>45, Sr<10 and Ba<50 (in mole %. Type I, the most frequent, displays a broad variability in Ba/Ca, even within a given cluster. Types II and III are devoid of Ba, but may incorporate P. Type IV contains only Ca. The Type I composition resembles that of benstonite, a Group IIA carbonate that was recently found as intracellular granules in a cyanobacterium from alkaline lake Alchichica (Mexico.Lake Geneva microspheres are solid, featureless and embedded in a mucilage-looking substance in the vicinity of, but seemingly not inside, picoplanktonic cells morphologically similar to Chlorella and Synechococcus. In summer 2012, the macroscopic physico-chemical conditions in lake Geneva epilimnion were such as to allow precipitation of Ca but not of Sr and Ba carbonates. Favourable conditions did exist, though, in the micro-environment provided by the combination of active picoplankton and a mucilaginous envelope. Further studies are ongoing to investigate the

  10. Characterization of fecal indicator bacteria in sediments cores from the largest freshwater lake of Western Europe (Lake Geneva, Switzerland).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thevenon, Florian; Regier, Nicole; Benagli, Cinzia; Tonolla, Mauro; Adatte, Thierry; Wildi, Walter; Poté, John

    2012-04-01

    This study characterized the fecal indicator bacteria (FIB), including Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Enteroccocus (ENT), disseminated over time in the Bay of Vidy, which is the most contaminated area of Lake Geneva. Sediments were collected from a site located at ∼500 m from the present waste water treatment plant (WWTP) outlet pipe, in front of the former WWTP outlet pipe, which was located at only 300 m from the coastal recreational area (before 2001). E. coli and ENT were enumerated in sediment suspension using the membrane filter method. The FIB characterization was performed for human Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) and Enterococcus faecium (E. faecium) and human specific bacteroides by PCR using specific primers and a matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). Bacterial cultures revealed that maximum values of 35.2 × 10(8) and 6.6 × 10(6)CFU g(-1) dry sediment for E. coli and ENT, respectively, were found in the sediments deposited following eutrophication of Lake Geneva in the 1970s, whereas the WWTP started operating in 1964. The same tendency was observed for the presence of human fecal pollution: the percentage of PCR amplification with primers ESP-1/ESP-2 for E. faecalis and E. faecium indicated that more than 90% of these bacteria were from human origin. Interestingly, the PCR assays for specific-human bacteroides HF183/HF134 were positive for DNA extracted from all isolated strains of sediment surrounding WWPT outlet pipe discharge. The MALDI-TOF MS confirmed the presence of general E. coli and predominance E. faecium in isolated strains. Our results demonstrated that human fecal bacteria highly increased in the sediments contaminated with WWTP effluent following the eutrophication of Lake Geneva. Additionally, other FIB cultivable strains from animals or adapted environmental strains were detected in the sediment of the bay. The approaches used in this research are valuable to assess the

  11. Effects of climate change on deep-water oxygen and winter mixing in a deep lake (Lake Geneva)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwefel, Robert; Alfred, Wüest; Damien, Bouffard

    2016-04-01

    Oxygen is the most important dissolved gas for lake ecosystems. Because low oxygen concentrations are an ongoing problem in many parts of the oceans and numerous lakes, oxygen depletion processes have been intensively studied over the last decades and were mainly attributed to high nutrient loads. Recently, climate-induced changes in stratification and mixing behavior were recognized as additional thread to hypolimnetic oxygen budgets in lakes and reservoirs [Matzinger et al., 2007; Zhang et al., 2015]. Observational data of Lake Geneva, a deep perialpine lake situated between France and Switzerland showed no decreasing trend in hypoxia over the last 43 years, despite an impressive reduction in nutrient input during this period. Instead, hypoxic conditions were predominantly controlled by deep mixing end of winter and in turn by winter temperatures. To test the sensitivity of Lake Geneva on future climate change and changes in water transparency, we simulated the hydrodynamics and temperature of Lake Geneva under varying conditions for atmospheric temperature and water clarity performed with the one-dimensional model SIMSTRAT [Goudsmit, 2002]. The results show, that the stratification in lakes is only weakly affected by changes in light absorption due to varying water quality. For conditions expected for the end of the century, a decrease in the annual mean deep convective mixing of up to 45 m is predicted. Also complete mixing events over the whole lake are less likely to occur. A change in the hypolimnetic oxygen concentration of up to 20% can thus be expected in the future. These results show, that changes in deep mixing have an equally strong impact as eutrophication on the deep-water oxygen development of oligomictic lakes and have to be considered in the prediction of the future development of lakes. References: Goudsmit, G. H., H. Burchard, F. Peeters, and A. Wüest (2002), Application of k-ɛ turbulence models to enclosed basins: The role of internal

  12. Complications of breast reconstruction with MS-Free TRAM and DIEP: a Meta-Analysis%保留少量腹直肌的游离TRAM皮瓣和DIEP皮瓣乳房再造并发症的Meta分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨明; 谭谦

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To analyze the complications of breast reconstruction with muscle-sparing free transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap (MS-Free TRAM) and deep inferior epigastric perforator flap (DIEP). Methods: Databases such as Medline, CBM, VIP and Cochrane Library were searched to include articles on breast reconstruction with MS-Free TRAM and DIEP flap. Meta analyses were performed by RevMan 5. 0 and R 2.15 software after the data were abstracted and the quality was evaluated. Results: Seven studies reporting outcomes of MS-Free TRAM and DIEP flap were used to estimate odds ratios of complications and confidence intervals. MS-Free TRAM group and DIEP group occurred the risk of fat necrosis combined OR = 0. 69, 95% CI was[ 0. 26, 1.78 ], P = 0.44, occurred the risk of partial flap loss combined OR = 0. 92, 95% CI was[ 0.38,2. 23 ], P = 0. 86, occurred the risk of total flap loss combined OR = 0. 35 ,95% CI was[ 0. 13 ,0. 90] ,P = 0. 03 , occurred the risk of abdominal bulge or hernia combined OR = 2. 07,95% CI was[ 1.15,3.73 ],P = 0.01. Conclusions: Compared with the MS-Free TRAM flap, reduces abdominal morbidity of breast reconstruction with DIEP flap is lower but the risk of total flap loss is increased.%目的:比较保留少量腹直肌的游离TRAM皮瓣(MS-Free TRAM)和腹壁下动脉穿支皮瓣(DIEP)乳房再造术的并发症发生率,为临床决策提供依据.方法:在Medline数据库、中国生物医学数据库、维普生物数据库、Cochrane图书馆等检索有关MS-Free TRAM及DIEP乳房再造的文献.按照纳入与排除标准选择文献、提取资料和评价质量后,采用RevMan5.0和R2.15软件进行Meta分析.结果:同时包含MS-Free TRAM和DIEP的研究有7个;MS-Free TRAM和DIEP发生脂肪液化OR值为0.69,95%CI为[0.26,1.78],P=0.44;发生皮瓣部分坏死OR值为0.92,95%CI为[0.38,2.23],P=0.86;发生皮瓣完全坏死OR值为0.35,95%CI为[0.13,0.90],P=0.03;发生腹壁膨隆或疝OR值为2.07,95%CI为[1.15,3.73],P=0.01.

  13. ONU Geneve: quel avenir pour le francais? Silence, on coule! (ONU Geneva: What Future for French? Quiet, We're Sinking!)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebreton, Jean-Michel; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Two articles address change and conflict concerning the French language. One discusses the comparative roles of English and French at the United Nations office in Geneva; the other is in response to the opinions of Philippe de Saint Robert on the need to protect French from change. (MSE)

  14. Mr. James B. Foley, Deputy Permanent Representative, Permanent Mission of the United States of America to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    Mr. James B. Foley, Deputy Permanent Representative, Permanent Mission of the United States of America in Geneva (2nd from left) visiting the CMS assembly hall at Point 5 with (from left to right) Professor Roger Cashmore, Research Director for Collider Programmes, Dr Michel Della Negra, Spokesman for the CMS experiment, and Professor Luciano Maiani, CERN Director-General, September 2001

  15. Memorandum from the Legal Service and the HR Department concerning the 2005 income tax declaration forms sent by the Geneva Tax Administration

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Following the introduction of the internal taxation of salaries and emoluments of members of the CERN personnel as of 1st January 2005 (cf. Bulletin N°48-49/2005 - 28.11.2005-05.12.2005), the Geneva Tax Administration has communicated the following information on the procedure for completing the 2005 income tax declaration form, to be returned by 31 March 2006 at the latest. I - Members of the personnel of Swiss nationality residing in the canton of Geneva a) The 2005 income tax declaration form must be returned to the cantonal tax administration, duly completed, dated and signed. No details of remuneration, payments or any other financial benefits paid by CERN should be given in the 'revenus' section. The following note should be made in the final section under 'Observations': 'membre du personnel du CERN assujetti à l'impôt interne du CERN'. b) Members of the personnel of Swiss nationality residing in the canton of Geneva shall remain registered as tax-payers in the canton of Geneva. II - Members...

  16. Memorandum from the Legal Service and the HR Department concerning the 2005 income tax declaration forms sent by the Geneva Tax Administration

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Following the introduction of the internal taxation of salaries and emoluments of members of the CERN personnel on 1st January 2005 (cf. Bulletin No. 48-49/2005 - 28.11.2005-05.12.2005), the Geneva Tax Administration has communicated the following information on the procedure for completing the 2005 income tax declaration form, to be returned by 31st March 2006 at the latest. I - Members of the personnel of Swiss nationality residing in the Canton of Geneva a) The 2005 income tax declaration form must be returned to the Cantonal tax administration, duly completed, dated and signed. No details of remuneration, payments or any other financial benefits paid by CERN should be given in the 'revenus' section. The following note should be made in the final section under 'Observations ': ' membre du personnel du CERN assujetti à l'impôt interne du CERN '. b) Members of the personnel of Swiss nationality residing in the Canton of Geneva shall remain registered as tax-payers in the Canton of Geneva. II - Mem...

  17. Articles Published in Technical Journals, Reports Published, Papers Presented at the Geneva Conference and at Scientific Meetings, and Inventions Disclosed During 1958 by ORNL Staff Members

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1958-01-01

    This compilation presents the articles that were published in the open literature or as unclassified ORNL reports, papers presented at the Geneva Conference and at scientific meetings, and inventions disclosed during 1957 by members of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Topics include biology, chemistry, general studies, health physics, instrumentation, mathematics, metallurgy and materials, physics, and technology.

  18. H.E. Mr Leonid A. Skotnikov, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2003-01-01

    H.E. Mr Leonid A. Skotnikov, Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the United Nations and other International Organisations in Geneva (far right). On his right F. Grishaev, Adviser, Mission of the Russian Federation; opposite N. Koulberg and L. Maiani, CERN Director general

  19. Visit by His Excellency Mr. Mame Baba Cisse, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Senegal to the United Nations Office at Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    AUTHOR|(SzGeCERN)780240

    2015-01-01

    In the context of exploring further collaboration between Senegal and CERN, His Excellency Mr. Mame Baba Cisse, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Senegal to the United Nations Office at Geneva, visited CERN. Mrs. Fama Diagne Sene, visiting scientist from Université Alioune Diop De Bambey, is currently at CERN where she works within the Scientific Information Service on a photo-digitization project.

  20. A comparative population-based study of prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates in Singapore, Sweden and Geneva, Switzerland from 1973 to 2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Cynthia

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in men in Sweden and Geneva, and the third most common in men in Singapore. This population-based study describes trends in the incidence and mortality rates of prostate cancer in Singapore, Sweden and Geneva (Switzerland from 1973 to 2006 and explores possible explanations for these different trends. Methods Data from patients diagnosed with prostate cancer were extracted from national cancer registries in Singapore (n = 5,172, Sweden (n = 188,783 and Geneva (n = 5,755 from 1973 to 2006. Trends of incidence and mortality were reported using the Poisson and negative binomial regression models. The age, period and birth-cohort were tested as predictors of incidence and mortality rates of prostate cancer. Results Incidence rates of prostate cancer increased over all time periods for all three populations. Based on the age-period-cohort analysis, older age and later period of diagnosis were associated with a higher incidence of prostate cancer, whereas older age and earlier period were associated with higher mortality rates for prostate cancer in all three countries. Conclusions This study demonstrated an overall increase in incidence rates and decrease in mortality rates in Singapore, Sweden and Geneva. Both incidence and mortality rates were much lower in Singapore. The period effect is a stronger predictor of incidence and mortality of prostate cancer than the birth-cohort effect.

  1. Power, Identity, and Organizational Structure as Reflected in Schools for Minority Groups: A Case Study of Jewish Schools in Paris, Brussels, and Geneva

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Zehavit

    2006-01-01

    This article compares the linkages between organizational structure, power relations, and group identities within the private schools operated by the francophone Jewish communities of Brussels, Paris, and Geneva. A school's organizational structure and balance of power reflect its identity and its conceptual world. That is, its organizational…

  2. ONU Geneve: quel avenir pour le francais? Silence, on coule! (ONU Geneva: What Future for French? Quiet, We're Sinking!)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lebreton, Jean-Michel; And Others

    1986-01-01

    Two articles address change and conflict concerning the French language. One discusses the comparative roles of English and French at the United Nations office in Geneva; the other is in response to the opinions of Philippe de Saint Robert on the need to protect French from change. (MSE)

  3. Cracking the perfusion code?: Laser-assisted Indocyanine Green angiography and combined laser Doppler spectrophotometry for intraoperative evaluation of tissue perfusion in autologous breast reconstruction with DIEP or ms-TRAM flaps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludolph, Ingo; Arkudas, Andreas; Schmitz, Marweh; Boos, Anja M; Taeger, Christian D; Rother, Ulrich; Horch, Raymund E; Beier, Justus P

    2016-10-01

    The aim of this prospective study was to assess the correlation of flap perfusion analysis based on laser-assisted Indocyanine Green (ICG) angiography with combined laser Doppler spectrophotometry in autologous breast reconstruction using free DIEP/ms-TRAM flaps. Between February 2014 and July 2015, 35 free DIEP/ms-TRAM flaps were included in this study. Besides the clinical evaluation of flaps, intraoperative perfusion dynamics were assessed by means of laser-assisted ICG angiography and post-capillary oxygen saturation and relative haemoglobin content (rHb) using combined laser Doppler spectrophotometry. Correlation of the aforementioned parameters was analysed, as well as the impact on flap design and postoperative complications. Flap survival rate was 100%. There were no partial flap losses. In three cases, flap design was based on the angiography, contrary to clinical evaluation and spectrophotometry. The final decision on the inclusion of flap areas was based on the angiographic perfusion pattern. Angiography and spectrophotometry showed a correlation in most of the cases regarding tissue perfusion, post-capillary oxygen saturation and relative haemoglobin content. Laser-assisted ICG angiography is a useful tool for intraoperative evaluation of flap perfusion in autologous breast reconstruction with DIEP/ms-TRAM flaps, especially in decision making in cases where flap perfusion is not clearly assessable by clinical signs and exact determination of well-perfused flap margins is difficult to obtain. It provides an objective real-time analysis of flap perfusion, with high sensitivity for the detection of poorly perfused flap areas. Concerning the topographical mapping of well-perfused flap areas, laser-assisted angiography is superior to combined laser Doppler spectrophotometry.

  4. Translohr有轨电车导向轨轮接触模型研究%Contact Model of Guiding Wheel/Rail of Translohr Tram

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季元进; 任利惠; 王健

    2016-01-01

    Through investigating the wear of the guiding rail of the Translohr tram ZhangJiang line in Shanghai, two types of stable contact states are proposed. One kind of state is the two top surface of the guide wheel contact with the inverted V shaped guide rail, another is the guide wheel flange and the guide rail waist. Ignoring position changes of contact points, guiding wheel/rail contact can be simplified by four unilateral springs. The Dummy body is introduced into the model of the power running gear to simplify the space Four-links Mechanism, and the dynamic model of Translohr is built in Matlab/Simulink. A simulation is carried out to calculate the wheel rail contact state of the rail car on different curves, and measured the Translohr tram rail guiding force of ZhangJiang line in Shanghai.Based on studies above, the simulation results show that the contact between the tread and the top surface of the guide rail is appeared in the curve of radius of 40 m. However, the contact between the side guide wheel rim and the guide rail side rail waist is appeared in the curve of radius of 20 m.Meanwhile, the experiment result shows that there exists good consistency between the simulation and road experiment. The established model can be used to study the factors and conditions influencing guide rail side wear.%基于调研上海张江 Translohr 有轨电车线路导向轨磨耗的基础上,推断出导向轮与导向轨的两种稳定的接触状态:两导向轮的踏面与倒 V 形导向轨的两个顶面接触,以及一侧导向轮轮缘与导向轨一侧轨腰接触状态。在忽略接触点位置变化的前提下,提出导向轮与导向轨之间的接触关系可简化为四点单边弹簧的等效力学模型。在 Matlab/Simulink 环境中建立Translohr有轨电车的动力学模型,其中动力走行部模型中引入Dummy体以简化空间四连杆的导向机构。仿真计算Translohr有轨电车在不同半径曲线上的轮轨接

  5. The publication of Newton's Opera Omnia in Geneva and Lausanne (1739-1761): A chapter in the reception of Newtonianism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guicciardini, Niccolò

    2017-07-01

    During the eighteenth century, several towns located in what is known today as the Suisse romande were extremely receptive toward scientific culture, and most notably Newtonianism. In this paper I deal with a nine-volume publication of Newton's Opera Omnia that was planned in Geneva and Lausanne during the late 1730s and 1740s. This publication has not received the attention it deserves. To the best of my knowledge, even an awareness of its existence is lacking in the literature devoted to the reception of Newtonianism. This paper examines the circumstances of the publication of a complete set of all of Newton's works known at the time, and the motivations of the editors, mathematicians, and publishers who were involved in this editorial enterprise.

  6. Echinococcus multilocularis infections of rural, residential and urban foxes (Vulpes vulpes in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fischer C.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available We examined 267 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes from the canton of Geneva, Switzerland, for intestinal infections with Echinococcus multilocularis. This region is situated in the core area of the endemic range of this zoonotic cestode in Central Europe. Several factors were taken into account and urbanisation level appeared to be the most explicative to describe observed differences. The prevalence decreased significantly from rural and residential areas (prevalence of 52 %, CI 43-62 %, and 49 %, CI 38-59 %, respectively to the urban area (prevalence of 31 %, CI 19-42 %. A few juvenile foxes harboured very high burdens up to more than 120,000 worms and were significantly more heavily infected than adults. The intensity of infection decreased from rural and residential areas to the city, suggesting a lower contamination of the urban environment.

  7. Yemen's Unprecedented Humanitarian Crisis: Implications for International Humanitarian Law, the Geneva Convention, and the Future of Global Health Security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ripoll Gallardo, Alba; Burkle, Frederick M; Ragazzoni, Luca; Della Corte, Francesco

    2016-10-01

    The current humanitarian crisis in Yemen is unprecedented in many ways. The Yemeni War tragedy is symptomatic of gross failures to recognize, by combatants, existing humanitarian law and the Geneva Convention that have become the new norm in unconventional armed conflicts and are increasingly replicated in Africa, Afghanistan, and other areas of the Middle East with dire consequences on aid workers and the noncombatant population. The health and humanitarian professions must take collective responsibility in calling for all belligerent parties to cease the massacre and commit to guaranteed medical assistance, humanitarian aid, and the free flow of information and respect for the humanitarian principles that protect the neutrality and impartiality of the humanitarian workforce. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2016;page 1 of 3).

  8. [Scoliotic young girls and orthopaedics in Belle Epoque: the urban surge of mecanotherapy in Lausanne and Geneva].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaba, Mariama

    2013-01-01

    In Belle Epoque towns marked by the industrial and medical surge, a new technical therapy, called mechanotherapy, emerged, stemming from Swedish medical gymnastics and auxiliary to orthopaedics. Aiming mostly at treating scoliosis, this therapy by movement attracted a sizeable female clientele to these towns, because of the hygienic and social conceptions feeding collective imagination linked to the bodies of scoliotic young girls. Taking the French-speaking Swiss towns of Lausanne and Geneva as examples, the article first seeks to describe the emergence of mechanotherapy as a medical and urban phenomenon. It then addresses the role played by scoliosis in this orthopaedic practice, and examines the clientele attracted to the towns, among which well-born young girls seem to be predominant.

  9. Evaluation of Mutual Drug-Drug Interaction within Geneva Cocktail for Cytochrome P450 Phenotyping using Innovative Dried Blood Sampling Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosilkovska, Marija; Samer, Caroline; Déglon, Julien; Thomas, Aurélien; Walder, Bernhard; Desmeules, Jules; Daali, Youssef

    2016-09-01

    Cytochrome P450 (CYP) activity can be assessed using a 'cocktail' phenotyping approach. Recently, we have developed a cocktail (Geneva cocktail) which combines the use of low-dose probes with a low-invasiveness dried blood spots (DBS) sampling technique and a single analytical method for the phenotyping of six major CYP isoforms. We have previously demonstrated that modulation of CYP activity after pre-treatment with CYP inhibitors/inducer could be reliably predicted using Geneva cocktail. To further validate this cocktail, in this study, we have verified whether probe drugs contained in the latter cause mutual drug-drug interactions. In a randomized, four-way, Latin-square crossover study, 30 healthy volunteers received low-dose caffeine, flurbiprofen, omeprazole, dextromethorphan and midazolam (a previously validated combination with no mutual drug-drug interactions); fexofenadine alone; bupropion alone; or all seven drugs simultaneously (Geneva cocktail). Pharmacokinetic profiles of the probe drugs and their metabolites were determined in DBS samples using both conventional micropipette sampling and new microfluidic device allowing for self-sampling. The 90% confidence intervals for the geometric mean ratios of AUC metabolite/AUC probe for CYP probes administered alone or within Geneva cocktail fell within the 0.8-1.25 bioequivalence range indicating the absence of pharmacokinetic interaction. The same result was observed for the chosen phenotyping indices, that is metabolic ratios at 2 hr (CYP1A2, CYP3A) or 3 hr (CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6) post-cocktail administration. DBS sampling could successfully be performed using a new microfluidic device. In conclusion, Geneva cocktail combined with an innovative DBS sampling device can be used routinely as a test for simultaneous CYP phenotyping. © 2016 Nordic Association for the Publication of BCPT (former Nordic Pharmacological Society).

  10. Transports publics et structuration de l'espace périurbain : méthode d'aide à la décision pour l'implantation d'un tram-train.
    Exemple d'application de Grenoble à Crolles
    (moyenne vallée du Grésivaudan).

    OpenAIRE

    Bouhet, Olivier

    2006-01-01

    Thèse cofinancée par l'ADEME et la Grenoble Alpes Métropole; Presenting the creation of a decision-making method for the development of a tram-train system. The approach suggested here is based on the coupled use of the GIS (Geographic Information System) and of the MCE (Multi criteria evaluation). This approach seeks to define, through the identification of factors and constraints, areas capable of hosting a tram-train system (railway, line, stops, change stations...) on a given territory an...

  11. Detailed structure of heat island phenomena from moving observations from electric tram-cars in Metropolitan Tokyo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamashita, Shuji

    In this study, the detailed horizontal structure, i.e. cliffs and plateaux of the heat island of the Metropolitan Tokyo area is investigated. According to Oke (1977), cliff is steep temperature gradient at the rural/urban boundary and plateau is a steady but weaker horizontal gradient of increasing temperature towards the city center. However, these features are not always evident, e.g. large city like Tokyo. To elucidate such aspects, moving observations of the horizontal distribution of air temperature from electric trains of the transportation network of Metropolitan Tokyo during late evening or early morning were thus conducted. In total, 16 railroad lines were used for the moving observations. The observations were done in two phases for sectional and horizontal distributions. Results show that three cliffs exist in the heat island of Metropolitan Tokyo, although the location of these cliffs should be taken into consideration for urban planning or urban redevelopment.

  12. Study on the strength of abdominal wall after TRAM flap for breast reconstruction%TRAM皮瓣乳房再造术后腹壁张力的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾建英; 亓发芝; 吴坤南; 徐剑炜; 施越冬; 张学军

    2001-01-01

    目的 研究TRAM皮瓣术后腹壁张力的情况。方法 采用调查表,运动测试和腹直肌形态CT扫描作手术前后对照。结果 手术初期(1~6周)腹壁张力下降,尤其以双蒂皮瓣者为甚,3个月后已无明显差异;运动测试显示术后运动不如术前;而CT扫描示腹直肌形态保持良好。结论 TRAM皮瓣乳房再造术后腹直肌肌力有下降,而腹壁张力无明显改变。%Objective To study the strength of abdominal wall after TRAM flap. Methods We made results by questionaire, examination test and CT scanning of rectus abdominis muscles. Results The strength of abdominal wall decreased in initial stage, especially in double-pedicle flap, but there was no significant difference after 3 months, examination tests show decreased strength after operation yet morphology of rectus abdominis muscle remained well. Conclusion The strength of abdominal wall shows no significant change after TRAM flap.

  13. Geothermal prospection in the Greater Geneva Basin (Switzerland and France). Impact of diagenesis on reservoir properties of the Upper Jurassic carbonate sediments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makhloufi, Yasin; Rusillon, Elme; Brentini, Maud; Clerc, Nicolas; Meyer, Michel; Samankassou, Elias

    2017-04-01

    Diagenesis of carbonate rocks is known to affect the petrophysical properties (porosity, permeability) of the host rock. Assessing the diagenetic history of the rock is thus essential when evaluating any reservoir exploitation project. The Canton of Geneva (Switzerland) is currently exploring the opportunities for geothermal energy exploitation in the Great Geneva Basin (GGB) sub-surface. In this context, a structural analysis of the basin (Clerc et al., 2016) associated with reservoir appraisal (Brentini et al., 2017) and rock-typing of reservoir bodies of potential interest were conducted (Rusillon et al., 2017). Other geothermal exploitation projects elsewhere (e.g. Bavaria, south Germany, Paris Basin, France) showed that dolomitized carbonate rocks have good reservoir properties and are suitable for geothermal energy production. The objectives of this work are to (1) describe and characterize the dolomitized bodies in the GGB and especially their diagenetic history and (2) quantify the reservoir properties of those bodies (porosity, permeability). Currently, our study focuses on the Upper Jurassic sedimentary bodies of the GGB. Field and well data show that the dolomitization is not ubiquitous in the GGB. Results from the petrographical analyses of the Kimmeridgian cores (Humilly-2) and of field analogues (Jura, Saleve and Vuache mountains) display complex diagenetic histories, dependent of the study sites. The paragenesis exhibits several stages of interparticular calcite cementation as well as different stages of dolomitization and/or dedolomitization. Those processes seem to follow constrained path of fluid migrations through burial, faulting or exhumation during the basin's history. These complex diagenetic histories affected the petrophysical and microstructural properties via porogenesis (conservation of initial porosity, moldic porosity) and/or poronecrosis events. The best reservoir properties appear to be recorded in patch reef and peri

  14. Comparison of the unstructured clinician gestalt, the wells score, and the revised Geneva score to estimate pretest probability for suspected pulmonary embolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penaloza, Andrea; Verschuren, Franck; Meyer, Guy; Quentin-Georget, Sybille; Soulie, Caroline; Thys, Frédéric; Roy, Pierre-Marie

    2013-08-01

    The assessment of clinical probability (as low, moderate, or high) with clinical decision rules has become a cornerstone of diagnostic strategy for patients with suspected pulmonary embolism, but little is known about the use of physician gestalt assessment of clinical probability. We evaluate the performance of gestalt assessment for diagnosing pulmonary embolism. We conducted a retrospective analysis of a prospective observational cohort of consecutive suspected pulmonary embolism patients in emergency departments. Accuracy of gestalt assessment was compared with the Wells score and the revised Geneva score by the area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curves. Agreement between the 3 methods was determined by κ test. The study population was 1,038 patients, with a pulmonary embolism prevalence of 31.3%. AUC differed significantly between the 3 methods and was 0.81 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.78 to 0.84) for gestalt assessment, 0.71 (95% CI 0.68 to 0.75) for Wells, and 0.66 (95% CI 0.63 to 0.70) for the revised Geneva score. The proportion of patients categorized as having low clinical probability was statistically higher with gestalt than with revised Geneva score (43% versus 26%; 95% CI for the difference of 17%=13% to 21%). Proportion of patients categorized as having high clinical probability was higher with gestalt than with Wells (24% versus 7%; 95% CI for the difference of 17%=14% to 20%) or revised Geneva score (24% versus 10%; 95% CI for the difference of 15%=13% to 21%). Pulmonary embolism prevalence was significantly lower with gestalt versus clinical decision rules in low clinical probability (7.6% for gestalt versus 13.0% for revised Geneva score and 12.6% for Wells score) and non-high clinical probability groups (18.3% for gestalt versus 29.3% for Wells and 27.4% for revised Geneva score) and was significantly higher with gestalt versus Wells score in high clinical probability groups (72.1% versus 58.1%). Agreement

  15. 2 October 2013 - Israel Ambassador to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations at Geneva E. Manor on the occasion of the inauguration of the "Israel at CERN" Industrial Exhibition with CERN Director-General R. Heuer.

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2013-01-01

    2 October 2013 - Israel Ambassador to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations at Geneva E. Manor on the occasion of the inauguration of the "Israel at CERN" Industrial Exhibition with CERN Director-General R. Heuer.

  16. 16 February 2016 - British Ambassador to the United Nations and Other International Organisations at Geneva signing the guest book with CERN Director-General F. Gianotti and Beams Department Head P. Collier.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2016-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Julian Braithwaite Ambassador and Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the United Nations and Other International Organisations at Geneva

  17. 22nd August 2011 - Permanent Representative of Georgia to the United Nations Office and other International Organisations in Geneva Ambassador Z. Tchiaberashvili, signing the guest book with CERN Head of International Relations F. Pauss. Deputy Permanent Representative witnessing.

    CERN Multimedia

    Benoit Jeannet

    2011-01-01

    22nd August 2011 - Permanent Representative of Georgia to the United Nations Office and other International Organisations in Geneva Ambassador Z. Tchiaberashvili, signing the guest book with CERN Head of International Relations F. Pauss. Deputy Permanent Representative witnessing.

  18. State Councillor of the Republic and Canton of Geneva in charge of the Department of Security, Police and Environment I Rochat signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer on 25th January 2010.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice; Glass Box

    2010-01-01

    State Councillor of the Republic and Canton of Geneva in charge of the Department of Security, Police and Environment I Rochat signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer on 25th January 2010.

  19. His Excellency Mr Warren W. Tichenor Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva signing the Golden Book.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Warren W. Tichenor Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva signing the Golden Book.

  20. 8 October 2012 - Taipei Cultural and Economic Delegation, Geneva Office Ambassador A. Tah-Ray Yui visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with International Relations Office Adviser R. Voss.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    8 October 2012 - Taipei Cultural and Economic Delegation, Geneva Office Ambassador A. Tah-Ray Yui visiting the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with International Relations Office Adviser R. Voss.

  1. His Excellency Mr Alexandros Alexandris Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Greece to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other international organizations in Switzerland and Officials from the East Macedonia and Thrace Region Greece

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2013-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Alexandros Alexandris Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Greece to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other international organizations in Switzerland and Officials from the East Macedonia and Thrace Region Greece

  2. How to analyse a Big Bang of data: the mammoth project at the Cern physics laboratory in Geneva to recreate the conditions immediately after the universe began requires computing power on an unprecedented scale

    CERN Multimedia

    Thomas, Kim

    2005-01-01

    How to analyse a Big Bang of data: the mammoth project at the Cern physics laboratory in Geneva to recreate the conditions immediately after the universe began requires computing power on an unprecedented scale

  3. His Excellency Mr Valery Loshchinin Extraordinary and plenipotentiary Ambassador Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations Office in Geneva visit the ATLAS experiment in the cavern at Point 1 introducted by Prof. Peter Jenni.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Valery Loshchinin Extraordinary and plenipotentiary Ambassador Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations Office in Geneva visit the ATLAS experiment in the cavern at Point 1 introducted by Prof. Peter Jenni.

  4. Prof. Cristoforo Benvenuti stands in front of solar panels installed on the roof of Geneva airport. These panels, produced by the commpany SRB, are based on a technology developed at CERN by Cristoforo Benvenuti.

    CERN Document Server

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    Prof. Cristoforo Benvenuti stands in front of solar panels installed on the roof of Geneva airport. These panels, produced by the commpany SRB, are based on a technology developed at CERN by Cristoforo Benvenuti.

  5. His Excellency Mr Maurizio Enrico Serra Ambassador Permanent Representative of Italy to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva on the occasion of the Inauguration of the Industrial Exhibition Italy@ CERN

    CERN Document Server

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2017-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Maurizio Enrico Serra Ambassador Permanent Representative of Italy to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva on the occasion of the Inauguration of the Industrial Exhibition Italy@ CERN

  6. 19 May 2015 - M. Ciobanu Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of Romania to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva on the occasion of the inauguration of the industrial event Romania@CERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Egli, Laurent

    2015-01-01

    Mrs Maria Ciobanu Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of Romania to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva on the occasion of the inauguration of the industrial event Romania@CERN

  7. Her Excellency Ms Monique T.G. van Daalen Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2017-01-01

    Her Excellency Ms Monique T.G. van Daalen Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

  8. H.E. Mr Ichiro Fujisaki Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of Japan to the Office of the United Nations and the other international organisations in Geneva signs the Glaxbox.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    H.E. Mr Ichiro Fujisaki Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of Japan to the Office of the United Nations and the other international organisations in Geneva signs the Glaxbox.

  9. H.E. Mr Ichiro Fujisaki Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of Japan to the Office of the United Nations and the other international organisations in Geneva visit the LHCb Experiment at point 8.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    H.E. Mr Ichiro Fujisaki Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of Japan to the Office of the United Nations and the other international organisations in Geneva visit the LHCb Experiment at point 8.

  10. 26 August 2016 - K. Singye Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Bhutan to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva signing the CERN Guest book with Adviser P. Fassnacht

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Kinga Singye Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of Bhutan to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva Friday 26 August 2016

  11. 9 JUne 2016 - Permanent Representative of the Republic of Poland to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva Ambassador P. Stachańczyk signing the guest book with CERN Director for International Relations C. Warakaulle.

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Piotr Stachańczyk Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Republic of Poland to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

  12. His Excellency Mr Shanker Das Bairagi, Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2012-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Shanker Das Bairagi, Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

  13. His Excellency Mr Deepak Dhital Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2017-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Deepak Dhital Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

  14. Phosphorus decreases in Lake Geneva but climate warming hampers the recovery of pristine oligochaete communities whereas chironomids are less affected

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claude Lang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In response to the decrease of phosphorus concentrations in Lake Geneva (France and Switzerland, the mean percentage of individuals belonging to oligochaete species sensitive to low oxygen concentrations has increased in the profundal from 8% in 1983 to 31% in 2003. But these species decreased anew from 17% in 1999 to 2% in 2009 in the western basin of Lake Geneva (the Small Lake. This shallow basin is more exposed to the effects of warming observed since 1989 than the rest of the lake. To demonstrate these effects, the response of the main species to the increase of organic sedimentation was analysed in the gradient of fine sediment accumulation (FSA, observed in 1999 in the Small Lake. As expected, the abundance of four species classified as sensitive to low oxygen concentrations - Stylodrilus lemani, Embolocephalus velutinus, Bichaeta sanguinea, Paracladopelma nigritula gr. - decreased with the increase of FSA whereas the inverse relationship was observed for four species classified as tolerant Potamothrix vejdovskyi or very tolerant P. hammoniensis, P. heuscheri, and Tubifex tubifex. In contrast, the abundance of three species was not correlated with FSA: Stylodrilus heringianus and Micropsectra contracta both classified as sensitive, Limnodrilus hoffmeisteri as tolerant. The first component of a principal component analysis, based on the mean abundance per transect of the above species, was correlated with FSA. The second component could reflect the long-term increase of water temperature which has been advantageous for Limnodrilus and Micropsectra but disadvantageous for the sensitive oligochaete species less adapted to warm water lakes. Indeed, the abundance of the sensitive oligochaete species and of P. vejdovskyi has decreased from 1994 to 2009 in the Small Lake whereas the abundance of Limnodrilus has increased. Micropsectra and Paracladopelma became more abundant than sensitive oligochaete species. In addition to the effects of

  15. His Excellency Mr Ian de Jong, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations Office in Geneva

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2003-01-01

    Visit of His Excellency Mr Ian de Jong, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations Office in Geneva, June 2003. From left to right: Dr Albert Ijspeert, Deputy Leader, Magnet and electrical systems Group, Accelerator Technology Division; Mr Maarten Wilbers, Legal Service; Prof. Cecilia Jarlskog, Adviser to the Director-General for Member State Relations; Mr Jan van der Boon, Director of Administration; His Excellency Mr Ian de Jong, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations Office in Geneva; Prof. Frank Linde, NIKHEF; Dr Lucie Linssen Experimental Physics Division, Technical Assistance Group and Mr C. J. van Riel, Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, Netherlands, Dutch Delegate to Council and Finance Committee.

  16. Visit of His Excellency Mr Juan Martabit, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Chile to the United Nations Office in Geneva and other international organisations in Switzerland.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2005-01-01

    Secretary-General; Mrs Juan Martabit. 0502017_07.jpg His Excellency Mr Juan Martabit, Ambassador,Permanent Representative of Chile to the United Nations Office in Geneva and other international organisations in Switzerland visiting the ATLAS building site. From left to right: Prof. Giora Mikenberg, ATLAS Collaboration; Mr Maximilian Metzger, Secretary-General and His Excellency Mr Juan Martabit. 0502017_08.jpg His Excellency Mr Juan Martabit, Ambassador,Permanent Representative of Chile to the United Nations Office in Geneva and other international organisations in Switzerland visiting the ATLAS cavern. From left to right: From left to right: Prof. Giora Mikenberg, ATLAS Collaboration; Mr Maximilian Metzger, Secretary-General; His Excellency Mr Juan Martabit and Mrs Juan Martabit.

  17. Hats off to CERN's Master of Apprenticeships ! Roland Gay of the HR Department (at right) recently received a special diploma from the Geneva Industrial Union (UIG).

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Presented by Carlo Lamprecht, Head of the Department of Economy, Employment and External Affairs of the State of Geneva, the diploma was awarded in recognition of the 199 CERN apprentices Roland has guided through the Certificat Fédéral de Capacité (CFC), an end-of-apprenticeship certificate awarded by the Cantonal authorities. Roland will be retiring in December 2004 after 37 years of service, 32 of which he spent in the role of apprenticeship supervisor.

  18. Local to regional scale industrial heavy metal pollution recorded in sediments of large freshwater lakes in central Europe (lakes Geneva and Lucerne) over the last centuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thevenon, Florian; Graham, Neil D; Chiaradia, Massimo; Arpagaus, Philippe; Wildi, Walter; Poté, John

    2011-12-15

    This research first focuses on the spatial and temporal patterns of heavy metals from contrasting environments (highly polluted to deepwater sites) of Lake Geneva. The mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb) records from two deepwater sites show that the heavy metal variations before the industrial period are primarily linked to natural weathering input of trace elements. By opposition, the discharge of industrial treated wastewaters into Vidy Bay of Lake Geneva during the second part of the 20th century, involved the sedimentation of highly metal-contaminated sediments in the area surrounding the WWTP outlet pipe discharge. Eventually, a new Pb isotope record of sediments from Lake Lucerne identifies the long-term increasing anthropogenic lead pollution after ca. 1500, probably due to the development of metallurgical activities during the High Middle Ages. These data furthermore allows to compare the recent anthropogenic sources of water pollution from three of the largest freshwater lakes of Western Europe (lakes Geneva, Lucerne, and Constance). High increases in Pb and Hg highlight the regional impact of industrial pollution after ca. 1750-1850, and the decrease of metal pollution in the 1980s due to the effects of remediation strategies such as the implementation of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). However, at all the studied sites, the recent metal concentrations remain higher than pre-industrial levels. Moreover, the local scale pollution data reveal two highly contaminated sites (>100 μg Pb/g dry weight sediment) by industrial activities, during the late-19th and early-20th centuries (Lake Lucerne) and during the second part of the 20th century (Vidy Bay of Lake Geneva). Overall, the regional scale pollution history inferred from the three large and deep perialpine lakes points out at the pollution of water systems by heavy metals during the last two centuries due to the discharge of industrial effluents.

  19. CERN 50th Anniversary : CERN's 50th anniversary celebrations drew to a close with a ceremony at Geneva University's Institut de Physique.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    For it was here, on the banks of the River Arve, that CERN's first staff members, from the PS Magnets Group, came to work in October 1953. A commemorative plaque was inaugurated by Robert Aymar, CERN's Director-General, Charles Beer, State Councillor for the Canton of Geneva responsible for the Department of Public Education, and André Hurst, Rector of the University (Picture 01)

  20. Draft Reformulation. Phase I. General Design Memorandum and Draft Environmental Impact Statement: Geneva-on-the-Lake, Ohio Small Boat Harbor. Revision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-04-01

    closest public recreational beaches to .env.i State Park are at Ashtabula, OH, which is located approximately 12 mi ]file to the east, at Presque Isle ...Geneva State Park are at Ashtabula, OH (12 miles to "ie east), Presque Isle , PA (44 miles to the cast), and at Headlands State Park in Mentor, OH (18...Lnvestications f proposed nii States Steel Corooration Greenfield Steel Plant, Ashtabula County, Ohio, and Erie County, Pennsylvania . Sutitted to

  1. Is HIA the most effective tool to assess the impact on health of climate change mitigation policies at the local level? A case study in Geneva, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diallo, Thierno; Cantoreggi, Nicola; Simos, Jean; Christie, Derek P T H

    2017-06-01

    This study aims to understand how the health dimension is integrated into four impact assessment tools used in Geneva, Switzerland: environmental impact assessment (EIA), strategic environmental assessment (SEA), sustainability assessment (SA) and health impact assessment (HIA). We have chosen as a case study greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction policies chosen by the city of Geneva. The methodological approach consists in analysing EIA, SEA, SA and HIA conducted on three projects in three topic areas: urban planning, heating and transportation. These projects are: a complex urbanisation plan in an urban neighbourhood in Geneva (the Gare des Eaux-Vives project), a sustainable transportation plan for a central district in Geneva (the St-Gervais transportation project) and a strategy to encourage the City's employees to use sustainable transport for local business travel. The results show some shortcomings in the consideration of health in SEA, EIA and SA. This work highlights a narrow vision of health in SEA and EIA, limiting itself to a review of the effects of projects on the determinants of the physical environment as required by the legislation relating to these tools. EIA does not require the integration of the health dimension. As for SA, our research found that health is treated much more superficially than in HIA and primarily through the analysis of 'health and safety' criteria. It appears from this work that HIA is the tool which provides the most elaborate assessment, compared to SA, SEA or EIA, of the consequences for health of the GHG reduction policies chosen by the local decision-makers of a city. However, our study suggests that the HIA community should identify the situations in which HIA should be carried out and in which cases it is better to include health issues within an integrated analysis.

  2. Entitlement to vote in the Canton of Geneva and entitlement to vote and eligibility for election in the Canton of Vaud

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2011-01-01

    You are reminded that, at commune level, certain international civil servants and their family members: are entitled to vote in the Canton of Geneva are entitled to vote and are eligible for election in the Canton of Vaud. For further information, in particular regarding the special procedure to be followed to apply to exercise these entitlements, you are invited to consult the information published, in French only, on the Swiss Mission’s website (topic « Privileges and immunities (Manual) » : http://www.eda.admin.ch/eda/fr/home/topics/intorg/un/unge/gepri/manvot/manvt1.html (for the Canton of Geneva), http://www.eda.admin.ch/eda/fr/home/topics/intorg/un/unge/gepri/manvot/manvt2.html (for the Canton of Vaud). The dates of the forthcoming ballots are available on the official websites of the cantonal administrative authorities : for Geneva: http://www.ge.ch/votations-elections/prochains-scrutins/; for Vaud: http://www.vd.ch/fr/themes/etat-droit-financ...

  3. External meeting - Geneva University: Proposal to measure the muon electric dipole moment with a compact storage ring at PSI

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY ECOLE DE PHYSIQUE Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 ? Tél : 022 379 62 73 - Fax: 022 379 69 92 Wednesday 16th May  2007 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium Proposal to measure the muon electric dipole moment with a compact storage ring at PSI by Dr. Thomas Schietinger, PSI - Villigen In the Standard Model, lepton electric dipole moments (EDM) arise from the CP-violating phase in the CKM matrix at the three-loop level only, resulting in values that are many orders of magnitude below the sensitivity of current and future experiments. Lepton EDMs therefore offer an excellent opportunity to discover unambiguous evidence for new CP-violating phases, as called for by the baryon-antibaryon asymmetry of the universe. The muon EDM is one of the least constrained fundamental properties in elementary particle physics. We propose to utilize the large available flux of polarized muons at PSI to search for a muon EDM ...

  4. Geneva University: Particle Acceleration in supernova remnants and its implications for the origin of galactic cosmic rays

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2012-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY École de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél.: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 28 March 2012 SEMINAIRE DE PHYSIQUE CORPUSCULAIRE 11h15 - Science III, Auditoire 1S081 Particle Acceleration in supernova remnants and its implications for the origin of galactic cosmic rays Prof. Pasquale BLASI INAF, Arcetri Observatory, Firenze The process of cosmic ray energization in supernova remnant shocks is described by the theory of non linear diffusive shock acceleration (NLDSA). Such theory is able to describe the acceleration itself, the dynamical reaction of accelerated particles on the shock, and the crucial phenomenon of the magnetic field amplification, the very key to generate high energy cosmic rays. I will illustrate the basic aspects of this theoretical framework, as well as its successes and problems. I will then discuss the observations, in X-rays an...

  5. ‘Literature in focus’: 
from the Land of the Thousand Hills to Lake Geneva

    CERN Document Server

    2007-01-01

    Mathilde Fontanet and Odette Habiyakare. (@Photo Bianco)This book is the result of a meeting of two women. In 1994 Odette lived through the genocide in Rwanda, in which she lost most of her family. She wanted to record her account of the events and asked Mathilde to set them down in writing for her. Odette tells us not only of persecution, terror and atrocities but also of the happy days before the massacres, of the warmth of family life, of celebrations under the stars, of herds of cattle in the hills and of her well-regimented life at boarding school in Kigali, where the girls all wore well-pressed blouses and had names straight out of Balzac. Mathilde listens, reacts and responds with an account of her own contrasting memories of life in Geneva. Whether she is telling us about the non-religious Christmases of her youth, a child’s feelings of humiliation, encounters that have enriched her life or the experience of grieving, she s...

  6. First report of Geosmithia langdonii and Geosmithia spp. isolated from a decaying elm (Ulmus minor in Geneva, Switzerland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hänzi Martine

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The mortality of a young elm Ulmus minor in 2014 in Geneva prompted a search for the microorganisms potentially involved. Symptoms included foliar chlorosis and wilting followed by defoliation of branches. Wood symptoms included a brown streaking of sap wood and brown stains in trunk and branches. The comparison of the resulting ITS rDNA sequences to the NCBI Nucleotide database allowed to identify 10 different organisms. The genus Geosmithia represented 48% of the isolates belonging to three species: Geosmithia langdonii (7 isolates and 2 unknown morphologically and genetically different Geosmithia sp. 1 and sp. 2 (4 isolates. Geosmithia species are very little known ascomycetes, which have been recently shown to be opportunistic pathogens on broadleaved trees and conifers, living as saprobes in galleries of many bark beetle species. In the case described here, Geosmithia langdonii, and the unknown Geosmithia species were found in symptomatic wood while bark beetle galleries were found in close regions of the symptomatic wood. Geosmithia langdonii was the major fungus retrieved from the symptomatic wood and could have contributed, along with other identified fungal species, to a pathogenic complex producing symptoms similar to the ones of the Dutch Elm Disease and led to the dieback of this elm tree. Geosmithia langdonii and 2 yet unknown Geosmithia species (sp. 1 and sp. 2, different from any other reported Geosmithia species are reported from an elm tree in Switzerland for the first time.

  7. Self-assessment of intercultural communication skills: a survey of physicians and medical students in Geneva, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hudelson, Patricia; Perron, Noelle Junod; Perneger, Thomas

    2011-09-01

    Physicians working with multicultural populations need to know how to elicit the patient's understanding of the illness; determine the patient's sociocultural context and identify any issues that might affect care; communicate effectively across patient-provider social and cultural differences; and collaborate effectively with an interpreter. Skills self-assessment can contribute to identifying training needs and monitoring skills development in these areas. As part of a larger study exploring the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Geneva physicians and medical students regarding the care of immigrant patients, we asked respondents to self-rate their ability to perform a range of common yet challenging intercultural communication tasks. Overall, respondents rated themselves less competent at intercultural tasks than at basic medical skills and less competent at specific intercultural communication skills than at general intercultural skills. Qualified doctors (as opposed to students), those with greater interest in caring for immigrants, and those who rarely encountered difficulties with immigrants rated themselves significantly more competent for all clinical tasks. Having a higher percentage of immigrant patients and previous cultural competence training predicted greater self-rated intercultural communication skills. Our self-assessment results suggest that students and physicians should be provided with the opportunity to practice intercultural skills with immigrant patients as part of their cultural competence training. To strengthen the validity of self-assessment measures, they should ideally be combined with more objective methods to assess actual skills.

  8. Self-assessment of intercultural communication skills: a survey of physicians and medical students in Geneva, Switzerland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perneger Thomas

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Physicians working with multicultural populations need to know how to elicit the patient's understanding of the illness; determine the patient's sociocultural context and identify any issues that might affect care; communicate effectively across patient-provider social and cultural differences; and collaborate effectively with an interpreter. Skills self-assessment can contribute to identifying training needs and monitoring skills development in these areas. Methods As part of a larger study exploring the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Geneva physicians and medical students regarding the care of immigrant patients, we asked respondents to self-rate their ability to perform a range of common yet challenging intercultural communication tasks. Results Overall, respondents rated themselves less competent at intercultural tasks than at basic medical skills and less competent at specific intercultural communication skills than at general intercultural skills. Qualified doctors (as opposed to students, those with greater interest in caring for immigrants, and those who rarely encountered difficulties with immigrants rated themselves significantly more competent for all clinical tasks. Having a higher percentage of immigrant patients and previous cultural competence training predicted greater self-rated intercultural communication skills. Conclusion Our self-assessment results suggest that students and physicians should be provided with the opportunity to practice intercultural skills with immigrant patients as part of their cultural competence training. To strengthen the validity of self-assessment measures, they should ideally be combined with more objective methods to assess actual skills.

  9. Development and evaluation of a community immersion program during preclinical medical studies: a 15-year experience at the University of Geneva Medical School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chastonay P

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available P Chastonay,1,2 V Zesiger,1 A Klohn,1 L Soguel,3 E K Mpinga,1,4 NV Vu,2 L Bernheim5 1Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, 2Unit of Development and Research in Medical Education, University of Geneva, Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, 3Nutrition and Dietetics Department, University of Applied Sciences, Geneva, 4Swiss School of Public Health, Zurich, 5Department of Neurosciences, University of Geneva, Faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland Background: Significant changes in medical education have occurred in recent decades because of new challenges in the health sector and new learning theories and practices. This might have contributed to the decision of medical schools throughout the world to adopt community-based learning activities. The community-based learning approach has been promoted and supported by the World Health Organization and has emerged as an efficient learning strategy. The aim of the present paper is to describe the characteristics of a community immersion clerkship for third-year undergraduate medical students, its evolution over 15 years, and an evaluation of its outcomes. Methods: A review of the literature and consensus meetings with a multidisciplinary group of health professionals were used to define learning objectives and an educational approach when developing the program. Evaluation of the program addressed students' perception, achievement of learning objectives, interactions between students and the community, and educational innovations over the years. Results: The program and the main learning objectives were defined by consensus meetings among teaching staff and community health workers, which strengthened the community immersion clerkship. Satisfaction, as monitored by a self-administered questionnaire in successive cohorts of students, showed a mean of 4.4 on a five-point scale. Students also mentioned community immersion clerkship as a unique community experience. The learning objectives were reached by a

  10. COST-ENLIGHT strategic workshop on hadron (particle) therapy, CERN, Geneva, 3-4 May 2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, R E

    2008-03-01

    This meeting was convened by COST (Co-operation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research) and ENLIGHT (European Network for Research in Light-Ion Hadron Therapy) to review the current status of hadron therapy in Europe. The aims were to increase awareness of hadron therapy within the scientific community, to produce a document outlining the present and future prospects for this treatment modality and to bring together hadron therapy scientists and clinicians. Proton therapy offers the potential for therapeutic gain from dose distribution advantages when compared with photon therapy. Carbon ion therapy, by nature of its higher linear energy transfer (LET) and relative biological effectiveness (RBE), may further improve local control. A further potential benefit of carbon ion therapy is the ability to deliver hypofractionated radiotherapy. A further aim of this meeting was to commence preparation of a programme of work packages with a view to submitting an application for European Union funding within the FP7 programme. This comprises a series of seven work packages, which will be a focus for European collaboration.

  11. Comparison and Adaptability Analysis of Modern Tram with BRT Using the Example of Qujing City%有轨电车与快速公交 BRT 适用性比较分析--以曲靖市为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘阳; 张玲; 沈小静; 陶勤勤

    2015-01-01

    大力提倡公共交通是缓解城市交通拥堵的关键,交通方式的良好适应性是保障公共交通可持续发展的必要条件。现代有轨电车和快速交通系统(BRT)因具有良好的经济性和应用前景备受规划者们的关注,同时在选用上因二者相近的功能而存在争议。以曲靖市为例,首先对其公交现状进行分析,提出发展有轨电车和 BRT的观念,采用 SWOT 分析法进一步从城市规模、交通需求、投资额度、系统能力等视角就曲靖建设有轨电车和BRT 系统适用性做了深入探讨,结果表明有轨电车不仅能满足市民中长距离出行需求,而且其优良的服务品质、“绿色环保”的运营系统,更适合曲靖市未来的发展。该提法打破在提升交通系统能力和城市形象时,唯“地铁/轨道”和“BRT”不可他选的思维惯式,用实证依据为相关规划者提供参考。%Strongly advocated public transport is the key to relieving urban traffic congestion,and good adapt-ability of transportation are the essential condition of guaranteeing public transport sustainable development. Modern tram and BRT (Bus Rapid Transit)with a good economy and a potential application have been highly concerned by urban planners,however,the choice between them remains controversial owing to the similar function.Taking Qujing as an example,this paper analyses its traffic current situation at first,and then gives the idea of promoting modern tram and BRT.Furthermore,discusses the adaptability of building a modern tram or BRT using a SWOT analysis from the perspective of city-size,traffic demand,investment requirement and system capability.The result shows that modern tram is fitter than BRT in the development of Qujing,not only can it meet residents'medium-and-long distance travel need,but also has excellent service and green op-erational systems.This paper will break the conventional thinking of no other choice but

  12. Is there a Rationale for Autologous Breast Reconstruction in Older Patients? A Retrospective Single Center Analysis of Quality of life, Complications and Comorbidities after DIEP or ms-TRAM Flap Using the BREAST-Q.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludolph, Ingo; Horch, Raymund E; Harlander, Marina; Arkudas, Andreas; Bach, Alexander D; Kneser, Ulrich; Schmitz, Marweh; Taeger, Christian D; Beier, Justus P

    2015-01-01

    Autologous breast reconstruction with the deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) or muscle-sparing transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous (ms-TRAM) flap is a common method in the majority of patients after mastectomy. Because of an increased perioperative risk profile the benefit in older patients is questionable. To assess the postoperative quality of life and peri- and post-operative complications of older compared to younger patients is the aim of this retrospective study. In a retrospective analysis 39 older (i.e. >60 years) and 140 younger patients (i.e. breast reconstruction in the Department of Plastic Surgery at the University Hospital of Erlangen-Nuernberg were surveyed at least 6 month postoperative using the BREAST-Q questionnaire. Correlations were generated between comorbidities and complications. Significant differences were observed regarding hospitalization, pre-existing diseases and the choice of DIEP versus ms-TRAM flaps. Parameters such as major and minor complications, bulging or hernia and risk factors (e.g. smoking or obesity) showed no significant differences. The results of the questionnaire parameters showed no significant difference between both groups, revealing high satisfaction with the aesthetic result and an improvement in quality of life independent of age. Autologous breast reconstruction after mastectomy generates a gain in quality of life and shows a good to excellent overall satisfaction in older as well as younger patients. Despite a longer hospitalization and a different risk profile there were no significant differences regarding minor and major complications in the postoperative course. Hence autologous breast reconstruction for older patients is justified and should be taken into consideration.

  13. Ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae isolates in Geneva: serotype, antimicrobial susceptibility, and β-lactam resistance mechanisms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cherkaoui, A; Diene, S M; Emonet, S; Renzi, G; Francois, P; Schrenzel, J

    2015-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze the molecular mechanisms of ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae isolated in Geneva, Switzerland. We investigated the association between specific patterns of amino acid substitutions in penicillin-binding protein 3 (with or without β-lactamase production) and β-lactam susceptibility. Another main focus for this study was to compare the accuracy of disk diffusion and Etest methods to detect resistance to ampicillin and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. The antibiotic susceptibility to β-lactam antibiotics of 124 H. influenzae isolates was determined by disk diffusion and Etest methods, and interpreted by European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) and Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) breakpoints. Alterations in PBP3 were investigated by sequencing the ftsI gene. Of the 124 clinical isolates analyzed, ampicillin resistance was found in 36% (45 out of 124). The rate of resistance to amoxicillin/clavulanic acid was 9% and 0.8%, using EUCAST and CLSI breakpoints respectively. For the 78 β-lactamase negative ampicillin-susceptible (BLNAS) isolates for which the Etest method indicated a high degree of susceptibility (MIC ≤ 1 mg/L), the disk diffusion method revealed resistance to ampicillin and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in 33 cases (42%). Most common amino acid substitutions were Asn526Lys and Val547Ile, followed by Asp569Ser, Ala502Val, Asp350Asn, Met377Ile, Ile449Val, and Arg517His. The patterns observed were classified into six groups (IIa, IIb, IIc, IId, III-like, and miscellaneous). Continued characterization of both invasive and respiratory H. influenzae isolates is necessary in order to observe changes in the microbiology and epidemiology of this pathogen that could lead to clinical failure when treated by empirical antibiotic therapy.

  14. Increased levels of multiresistant bacteria and resistance genes after wastewater treatment and their dissemination into Lake Geneva, Switzerland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadine eCzekalski

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available At present, very little is known about the fate and perseverance of multiresistant bacteria and their resistance genes in natural aquatic environments. Treated, but partly also untreated sewage of the city of Lausanne, Switzerland is discharged into Vidy bay (Lake Geneva resulting in high levels of contamination in this part of the lake. In the present work we have studied the prevalence of multiresistant bacteria and resistance genes in the wastewater stream of Lausanne. Samples from hospital and municipal raw sewage, treated effluent from Lausanne’s wastewater treatment plant (WTP as well as lake water and sediment samples obtained close to the WTP outlet pipe and a remote site close to a drinking water pump were evaluated for the prevalence of multiresistant bacteria. Selected isolates were identified (16S rRNA gene fragment sequencing and characterized with regards to further resistances, resistance genes, and plasmids. Mostly, studies investigating this issue have relied on cultivation-based approaches. However, the limitations of these tools are well known, in particular for environmental microbial communities, and cultivation-independent molecular tools should be applied in parallel in order to take non-culturable organisms into account. Here we directly quantified the sulfonamide resistance genes sul1 and sul2 from environmental DNA extracts using TaqMan real-time quantitative PCR. Hospital sewage contained the highest load of multiresistant bacteria and antibiotic resistance genes. Wastewater treatment reduced the total bacterial load but evidence for selection of extremely multiresistant strains and accumulation of resistance genes was observed. Our data clearly indicated pollution of sediments with antibiotic resistance genes in the vicinity of the WTP outlet. The potential of lakes as reservoirs of multiresistant bacteria and potential risks are discussed.

  15. Introducing a short version of the Geneva Emotion Recognition Test (GERT-S): Psychometric properties and construct validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlegel, Katja; Scherer, Klaus R

    2016-12-01

    The ability to accurately interpret others' emotional expressions in the face, voice, and body is a crucial component of successful social functioning and has been shown to predict better outcomes in private and professional life. To date, emotion recognition ability (ERA) has mostly been measured with tests that heavily rely on static pictures of the face and on few emotions, restricting their content validity. Recently, Schlegel, Grandjean, and Scherer (Psychological Assessment, 26, 666-672, 2014) published a new test that measures ERA in a more comprehensive fashion, by (1) including a wide range of 14 positive and negative emotions and (2) using video clips with sound that simultaneously present facial, vocal, and bodily emotional cues. This article introduces the short version of the Geneva Emotion Recognition Test (the GERT-S), and presents two studies (total N = 425) that examine the internal consistency, factor structure, and convergent and discriminant validity of the test. The results show that the GERT-S is a unidimensional test with good internal consistency. Furthermore, the GERT-S was substantially positively correlated with other ERA tests, with tests of emotional understanding and emotion management, and with cognitive ability. Taken together, the present studies demonstrate the usefulness of the GERT-S as an instrument for the brief and reliable assessment of ERA. It is available, free of charge and in seven different languages, for academic research use. Given the brief test-taking time (approx. 10 min) and its possible administration via different online platforms, the GERT-S can easily be integrated by researchers into their own studies.

  16. A "migrant friendly hospital" initiative in Geneva, Switzerland: evaluation of the effects on staff knowledge and practices.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Hudelson

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: International migration poses important challenges to European health care systems. The development of "migrant friendly hospitals" has been identified as a priority in both Europe and Switzerland. METHODS: A multi-pronged initiative was developed at Geneva University Hospitals (HUG to improve staff knowledge and use of existing "migrant friendly" resources. A self-administered questionnaire was sent pre and post-intervention to random samples of 4 major professional groups with direct patient contact at the HUG. The questionnaire assessed staff knowledge, attitudes and reported practices regarding the care of migrant patients. RESULTS: Overall response rate was 51% (N = 1460 in 2010 but only 19% (N = 761 in 2013 owing to an institutionally imposed change in survey method. Despite these difficulties, and after adjusting for sample differences, we found that respondents in 2013 were significantly more likely to have received training in how to organize an appointment with an interpreter, how to work with an interpreter and about health and social services available for migrant patients. Respondents were also significantly more likely to have used several Migrant Friendly structures at the HUG. Use of, preference for and perceived skill at working with professional interpreters all improved, and respondents were both more likely to be encouraged by their supervisors to use professional interpreters, and less likely to be encouraged to look for alternative solutions for communicating with non francophone patients. Finally, 2013 respondents encountered fewer difficulties caring for migrant patients, although lack of time and language barriers continued to be the most important sources of difficulty. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that an institution-wide information campaign may contribute to increased awareness and use of migrant friendly resources by clinical staff. Hospital commitment and financing, along with inter

  17. The Cerg-C: A Specialisation Certificate in Geological and Climate Related Risk of the University of Geneva, Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonadonna, C.; Consuegra, D.; Duvernay, B.; Fäh, D.; Frischknecht, C.; Gregg, C.; Jaboyedoff, M.; Lateltin, O.; Menoni, S.; Franco, R.; Rosi, M.

    2014-12-01

    The essence of our work at CERG-C (www.unige.ch/hazards) is to train participants, coming from around the world and with various academic and professional backgrounds, to incorporate risk science related to natural hazards into everyday life in an attempt to reduce losses in disasters. Principle components include training participants to assess risk, from hazard to vulnerability, and communicate effectively with government agencies, media, public and private sectors before, during and after natural disasters. Nine weeks of training involve 5 weeks of lectures in Geneva (in English), 2 weeks of field immersion and 2 weeks of exams. Participant experience culminates in completion of an independent research memoir carried out over an additional 6 months. The course is divided into five modules: the risk management module, which includes humanities and social sciences and brings together a multi-disciplinary team of experts to provide participants with tools they can use to assess hazard, vulnerability and risk and provide solutions to risk management issues in their own countries; and four thematic risk modules, i.e., volcanic risk, seismic risk, landslide risk, and flood and climate related risk. As part of the volcanic risk module we also carry out a role-play exercise at the elementary school in Vulcano Island, Italy in collaboration with the Italian Civil Protection with the double goal of sensitizing the CERG-C participants on the importance of training hazard and risk at an early stage in people's life as well as to raise awareness in the local population on topics such as the evaluation of volcanic hazards and risk, management of a volcanic crisis, and the importance of the collaboration between citizens and official institutions, such as the Civil Protection. The CERG-C has been training international graduate students and practitioners since 1988 on a yearly basis. To date, 350 participants have been trained from 80 countries, representing a great

  18. 4 July 2016 - S. Dalil Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva signing the Guest Book with Director-General F. Gianotti. P. Fassnacht present throughout.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2016-01-01

    Her Excellency Dr Suraya Dalil Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

  19. 13 May 2016 - Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva V. Sadiqov signing the guest book with Head of Associate Member and Non-Member State Relations E. Tsesmelis and Adviser C. Schäfer. Permanent Mission First Secretary H. Huseynov is also present.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2016-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Vaqif Sadiqov Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

  20. Mineralization pathways of organic matter deposited in a river-lake transition of the Rhone River Delta, Lake Geneva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randlett, Marie-Eve; Sollberger, Sebastien; Del Sontro, Tonya; Müller, Beat; Corella, Juan Pablo; Wehrli, Bernhard; Schubert, Carsten J

    2015-02-01

    During the éLEMO endeavour (a research project in which the Russian MIR submersibles were used for studying Lake Geneva) four sediment cores were retrieved on a transect from the delta of the Rhone River towards the profundal part of the lake. The degradation pathways of organic material (OM) were investigated considering different electron acceptors. Essentially, OM at the delta sites had a higher fraction of terrestrial material than the lake sites indicated by higher C/N ratios, and higher long-chain n-alkane and alcohol concentrations. The concentrations of chlorins were higher at the distant sites indicating more easily degradable OM in the sediments. However, the chlorin index that was used to determine the degradation state of the OM material indicated that pigment derived OM of deltaic sediments was less degraded than that of the profundal sediments. The fluxes of reduced species from the sediments decreased from the delta to the profundal for CH4 (from 2.3 to 0.5 mmol m(-2) d(-1)) and NH4(+) (from 0.31 to 0.13 mmol m(-2) d(-1)). Fluxes of Fe(ii) and Mn(ii), however, increased although they were generally very low (between 9 × 10(-5) and 7.6 × 10(-3) mmol m(-2) d(-1)). Oxygen concentration profiles in the pore waters revealed lower fluxes close to the river inflow with 4.3 and 4.1 mmol m(-2) d(-1) compared to two times higher fluxes at the profundal sites (8.8 and 8.2 mmol m(-2) d(-1)). The rates for totally mineralized OM (Rtotal) at the shallower sites (4.7 mmol C m(-2) d(-1)) were only half of those of the deeper sites (9.7 mmol C m(-2) d(-1)). Accordingly, not only the rates but also the mineralization pathways differed between the shallow and profundal sites. Whereas only 0-6% of the OM was mineralized aerobically at the shallow sites (since almost all O2 was used to oxidize the large flux of CH4 from below) the situation was reversed at the deeper sites and the fraction of aerobically degraded OM was 72-78%. We found a better efficiency in CH4

  1. Understanding how gravity flows shape deep-water channels. The Rhone delta canyon (Lake Geneva, Switzerland/France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corella, Juan Pablo; Loizeau, Jean Luc; Hilbe, Michael; le Dantec, Nicolas; Sastre, Vincent; Girardclos, Stéphanie

    2014-05-01

    Deep-water marine channels are highly dynamic environments due to the erosive power of sediment-laden currents that are continuously reshaping the morphology of these major sediment conduits. Proximal levees are prone to scarp failures generating gravity flows that can be transported thousands of kilometres from the original landslide. Nevertheless, the evolution of these underflows is still poorly understood because of the spatial scale of the processes and their difficult monitoring. For this reason, the smaller size, well-known boundary conditions and detailed bathymetric data makes Lake Geneva's sub-aquatic canyon in the Rhone delta an excellent analogue to understand these types of sedimentary processes that usually occur in deep-water channels in the marine realm. A multidisciplinary research strategy including innovative coring via MIR submersibles, in-situ geotechnical tests, geophysical and sedimentological analyses, as well as acquisition of different multibeam bathymetric data sets, were applied to understand the triggering processes, transport mechanisms and deposit features of gravity flows throughout the Rhone delta active canyon. The difference between two bathymetric surveys in 1986 and 2000 revealed an inversion in the topography of the distal active canyon, as a former distal canyon was transformed into a mound-like structure. A 12 m-thick layer was deposited in the canyon and modified the sediment transfer conduit. Sediment cores from this deposit were retrieved in-situ in 2002 and 2011 via the "F.-A. Forel" and Russian MIR submersibles, respectively. These cores contained a homogeneous, sandy material. Its sediment texture, grain-size, high density and shear strength, and low water content suggests that it corresponds to a debris-flow deposit that possibly took place after the initiation of a mass movement due to a scarp failure in proximal areas of the canyon. In addition, in-situ geotechnical tests on the modern canyon floor have shown a soft

  2. Sedimentary processes and triggering mechanisms of debris flows in subaquatic canyons in Rhone delta (Lake Geneva, Switzerland, France)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corella, J. P.; Loizeau, J. L.; Le Dantec, N.; Sastre, V.; Anselmetti, F. S.; Stark, N.; del Sontro, T.; Girardclos, S.

    2012-04-01

    Subaquatic canyons in deltas are major pathways for the transport of particles from land to the deep basins. They represent active environments with frequent deltaic failures and mass-movement deposits potentially leading to hazardous (tsunami waves) and economic (infrastructure damages) implications. Understanding sedimentary processes and mass-movement triggering mechanisms is crucial to assess related consequences and to carry out geological risk assessments. The Rhone River delta in Lake Geneva (Switzerland, France) is a complex underwater structure with several active and inactive subaquatic canyons, similar to marine deltas but at a smaller scale. The difference between two bathymetric surveys in 1986 and 2002 revealed an inversion in the topography of the distal active canyon, as a former distal canyon was transformed into a mound-like structure. A 12 m-thick layer was deposited in the canyon and modified the sediment transfer conduit. Sediment cores from this deposit were retrieved in-situ in 2002 and 2011 via the "F.-A. Forel" and Russian MIR submersibles, respectively. These cores contained a homogeneous, sandy material. Its sediment texture, grain-size, high density and shear strength, and low water content suggests that it corresponds to a debris-flow deposit that possibly took place after the initiation of a mass movement due to a scarp failure in proximal areas of the canyon. In addition, in-situ geotechnical tests on the modern canyon floor have shown a soft top layer above a stiffer substratum. This soft layer, which increases in thickness towards distal areas, may act as a basal surface for hydroplaning, and might have allowed the debrite to be transported ~9 km away from the source of the scarp failure. Similarities in textures and grain-size of the debris flow and levee deposits hints at proximal northern levee as the source of this material. Rapid sediment loading in this area, at the rate of >3cm/yr, steep slopes in the canyon walls and

  3. Persistence and growth of faecal culturable bacterial indicators in water column and sediments of Vidy Bay, Lake Geneva, Switzerland

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    POTE John; HALLER Laurence; KOTTELAT Régis; SASTRE Vincent; ARPAGAUS Philippe; WILDI Walter

    2009-01-01

    The aims of this study was to investigate the persistence and the growth of culturable bacterial indicators (CBI) including total coliforms (TC) and faecal coliforms represented by E. coli, enterococcus (ENT), and aerobic mesophilic bacteria (AMB) in the surface sediments and the water column of the Bay of Vidy (Lake Geneva, City of Lausanne, Switzerland). The study was carried out for 60 d using microcosms containing Sewage Treatment Plant (STP) effluent water and non-sterile water without CBI, as well as contaminated and non-contaminated sediments. The effects of water temperature and of organic matter associated with sediments on the survival of CBI in the sediments and the water column were observed. The number of CBI colonies in the contaminated sediments of Vidy Bay and in the STP effluent water was almost identical in the order of 105--107, 104--106, 103--105, and 104--107 CFU/100 g sediment or /100 mL water for TC, E. coli, ENT, and AMB respectively. A degradation of CBI was observed in the sediments where organic mater content was low and in the water column at a temperature of 10℃ after 5 d of experimentation. In addition, a growth of CBI was observed in the sediment which is rich in organic matter at a temperature of 20℃. The results of this study indicate: (1) the higher concentrations of the CBI observed in different points in the water column of Vidy Bay may not be explained only by the recent contribution of the three potential sources of the Bay contamination including STP and the Chamberonne and Flon Rivers, but also by the persistence, removal from sediment and multiplication of CBI in the sediment and water column; (2) the sediment of Vidy Bay constitute a reservoir of CBI and can even support their growth. (3) the CBI not only survive in sediments, but also can be remobilized and increased in the water column, therefore it become a permanent microbiological pollution in Vidy Bay.

  4. For information: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Ecole de physiqueDépartement de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet - 1211 GENEVE 4TéL: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 15 February PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINARat 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium High-energy photon interactions at the LHC by Prof. Krzysztof Piotrzkowski / Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgique A significant fraction of proton collisions at the LHC will involve photon interactions at the energies above the electroweak scale. Experimental prospects for studying such interactions at the LHC will be presented, including the rôle of the forward proton detectors in tagging and reconstruction of photon induced events. Physics scope of high-energy photon-photon fusion and photon-proton interactions at the LHC will be discussed, focusing in particular on the two-photon production of W and Z pairs, and the associated photo-production of W and Higgs bosons. Finally, importance of studying the exclusive production of lepton pairs for searches beyond th...

  5. For information: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 TéL: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 5 April 2006 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs - Stückelberg Auditorium Fusion reactions in stars by Prof. Claus Rolfs, Ruhr Universität Bochum (D) Fusion reactions play a key role in stars for the understanding of their energy production, evolution and neutrino emission. The experimental approaches in the study of some key reactions are presented. An important aspect are hereby the effects of electron screening, which increase the fusion cross sections. The fusion reaction d(d,p)t was recently studied in deuterated metals and insulators, i.e. for 58 samples across the periodic table, where a dramatic increase was observed for the metals. An explanation of the data is presented and possible future applications are discussed. Information : http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire/annonce.html Organizer : J.-S. Graulich

  6. For information: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 TéL: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Lundi 5 décembre COLLOQUE DE PHYSIQUE at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium ARCHEOLOGY OF THE UNIVERSE WITH THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND by Prof. Paolo de Bernardis / Université de Rome 'La Sapienza'

  7. For information - Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    A. Cervera Villanueva

    2004-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 TéL: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 3 November 2004 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium Tools for Electroweak physics at LHC by Pr. Stanislaw JADACH, Department of Particle Theory, Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow, Poland Experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will provide a large amount of high quality data on the production of the W and Z bosons. It will be a highly nontrivial task to exploit fully these data in order to measure precisely the mass of the W boson and its anomalous couplings. Other challenges are to measure with high precision parton luminosities and to find the presence of new physics at multi-TeV scales. For this purpose one needs a new generation of Monte Carlo tools that must include QCD, QED and Electroweak calculations beyond-the-leading-order. Information : http://dp...

  8. For Information: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    Mangin-Brinet

    2004-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél : (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 19 May PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs - Stückelberg Auditorium Issues in Standard Model and Higgs Physics, as seen by an experimentalist from CMS by Prof. Günther Dissertori /  ETH Zürich - Institute for Particle Physics After a brief review of the status of the CMS construction I will address issues related to Standard Model (SM) physics and searches for Higgs bosons with CMS at LHC. In particular I will try to point out which measurements and searches are dominated by systematic uncertainties and where we see a  need for further theoretical input and/or improved experimental methods. Information : http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire/annonce.html Organizer : M. Mangin-Brinet

  9. For information: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Ecole de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet - 1211 GENEVE 4Tél. 022 379 62 73 - Fax 022 379 69 92 Wednesday 19 April PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium The project GRANIT to measure the resonance transitions between the gravitationally bound quantum states of neutrons by Prof. Valery Nesvizhevsky / Institut Laue-Langevin de Grenoble The gravitationally bound quantum states of matter were observed for the first time due to unique properties of ultracold neutrons. Some parameters of the lowest quantum states of neutrons were measured in recent experiments in so-called integral and differential measuring modes. We are going to improve considerably the accuracy of these experiments using resonance transitions between the gravitationally bound quantum states of neutrons. In addition to the obvious interest to study this phenomenon itself, this experiment could be useful for different fields of physics such as, for instance, th...

  10. External meeting: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Université de Genève Ecole de physique 24 quai Ernest Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél : +41 22 379 6383 (secrétariat) Tél : +41 22 379 6256 (réception) Fax: +41 22 379 6922 Wednesday 15th November 2006 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs - Stückelberg Auditorium ITER and the way toward a fusion reactor Prof. Minh Quang TRAN / Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas Ecole polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne Fusion is a possible source of electricity for base load, which is compatible with a sustainable development. The talk will first present the physics basis for the realisation of fusion and discuss the main aspects with respect to 'fuel' resources, environment impact, safety and cost of electricity. The next generation of fusion devices ITER will produce 500 MW of (thermal) fusion power. The challenges of and R&D towards ITER will be outlined. The steps following ITER along the roadmap towards the first reactor producing electricity will be discussed, highlighting the major necessary ...

  11. External meeting: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Université de Genève Ecole de physique 24 quai Ernest Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél : + 41 22 379 63 83 (secrétariat) Tél : + 41 22 379 62 56 (réception) Fax: + 41 22 379 69 22 Lundi 4 décembre 2006 17 heures - Auditoire Stueckelberg The Physics Behind the LHC Prof. Gian Francesco Giudice / CERN-TH   What do physicists want to discover with experiments at the LHC? What are we going to learn from the Higgs boson? What are the new phenomena that could be observed at the LHC? I will try to answer these questions using language accessible also to non-expert. More information: http://theory.physics.unige.ch/~fiteo/seminars/COL/collist.html

  12. External conference: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    ECOLE DE PHYSIQUE Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 - Tél : 022 379 62 73 - Fax: 022 379 69 92 Monday 11 June 2007 COLLOQUE DE LA SECTION DE PHYSIQUE at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium The CERN Axion Solar Telescope (CAST). Motivation, concept, results and potential implications Prof. Konstantin ZIOUTAS / University of Patras/Greece & CERN and CAST-spokesperson Axion is one of the leading dark matter particle candidates. The last few years axion searches are in the spotlight. The physics motivation will be presented. Particles like the axions should be produced also in Stars like our Sun. In magnetic fields axions can coherently oscillate to photons and vice versa (Primakoff effect). CAST searches for solar axions pointing a recycled LHC magnet towards the Sun, and, it provides new results since 2002. Its working principle might well be already at work in outer space, asking for an alternative, though exotic, point of view for certain myst...

  13. Geneva University - Physics Colloquium

    CERN Multimedia

    Geneva University

    2010-01-01

    Lundi 13 décembre 2010, 17h00 École de Physique, Auditoire Stückelberg What does the history of CERN teach us? A dialogue about the past and future of CERN Prof. Dominique Pestre École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris The aim of the conference is to present the questions that the historians of CERN have identified as decisive in the success of CERN, and to discuss if they might still be of interest and importance today. The conference will consider, inter allia, the political nature of CERN, the way CERN has been presented and perceived in the past by the public, the way people (civil society as we now say) now consider science and technologies, how public policies have evolved vis-à-vis fundamental research over the last decades, how innovation and entrepreneurship have acquired such a new key status. But the conference will also consider what was the impact of CERN's own choices of development, of European ways of organizing r...

  14. FOR INFORMATION: GENEVA UNIVERSITY

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Ecole de physique - Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet - 1211 GENEVE 4TéL: (022) 379 62 73 - Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 15 March PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium PVLAS, an experiment to probe vacuum with polarized light: results and prospects by Prof. Ugo Gastaldi / Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Italy The PVLAS experiment operates at LNL an ellipsometer (with a 6m long vertical Fabry-Perot cavity which embraces a rotating 5.5 Tesla superconducting dipole magnet) that can measure ellipticity and rotation induced by the magnetic field onto linearly polarized laser light. The sensitivity of the instrument is of the order of 10-7rad sqrtHz-1 with infrared light stored in the Fabry-Perot. Measurements have been made with infrared laser light until 2004, and with green light during 2005. With a residual pressure less than 10-7 mbar the apparatus gives both ellipticity and rotation signals at the 10-7 rad level. These signals can be...

  15. Geneva Event (long version)

    CERN Document Server

    CERN & BBC Open University

    1983-01-01

    Presentation of CERN at the time of the PSP. Carlo Rubbia presents his experiment on SPS, called UA1. He also deals with general aspects of the particle physics.The second part of the film deals with the beginnig of the first testing period of UA1, with the successfull result announced in January 1983

  16. External meeting: GENEVA UNIVERSITY

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    ECOLE DE PHYSIQUE Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet1211 GENEVE 4 - Tél : 022 379 62 73 - Fax: 022 379 69 92 Wednesday 10 May 2006 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINARat 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium ZEUS: A detector for HERA by Andrée Robichaud-Véronneau / DPNC, Université de Genè ve HERA is the first lepton-proton collider in the world where a center of mass energy of 318 GeV is reached. Since 1992, the ZEUS detector is gating luminosity from it to probe QCD and look for exotic phenomena of fundamental particle physics. A history and overview of the detector and collider will be presented as well as important physics contributions made by the ZEUS experiment to the understanding of our world. Information: http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire/annonce.html Organizer : J.-S. Graulich

  17. For information: Geneva University

    CERN Document Server

    2005-01-01

    SECTION DE PHYSIQUEDépartement de physique de la matière condensée Quai Ernest-Ansermet 24CH-1211 Genève 4Tél. 022 379 65 11 - Fax 022 379 68 69 Mercredi 14 décembre Colloque exceptionnel 17h00 - Auditoire: Grand Auditoire A Possible Solution to the High Temperature Superconducivity Phenomena Professor Chandra Varma / Department of physics, University of California Riverside The intense effort on the solution of the high Tc problem (over 105 papers in 18 years) has led to remarkable new ideas which will affect future developments not just in condensed matter physics but all of physics. There may now exist a consistent microscopic theory which explains the universal features of the phase diagram of the Cuprates and whose principal predictions have been experimentally verified. This theory draws on an assimilation of the wide ranging experiments on the Cuprates to formulate a phenomenology. The phenomenology is used to formulate a microscopic theory which in turn draws on aspects ranging from solid ...

  18. For information: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Ecole de physiqueDépartement de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4TéL: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 16 November PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 �- Stückelberg Auditorium Astronomie neutrino au Pôle Sud by Dr. Mathieu Ribordy / Université de Mons-Hainaut, Belgique Nous allons discuter du détecteur AMANDA enterré dans les profondeurs du Pôle Sud et de résultats récents obtenus dans la recherche de sources astrophysiques de neutrinos de haute énergie. Les limites actuelles aux flux diffus, de plus en plus contraignantes, sont proches de la limite supérieure de Waxman-Bahcall. La sensibilité à la recherche de sources ponctuelles a atteint le niveau requis pour détecter des objets tels que Mrk501, en supposant un flux de neutrinos d'intensité comparable au flux de gamma, au-delà de ~1 TeV. Le successeur de AMANDA est le télescope IceCube dont le déploiement a commencé cette année. Il occupera à terme un volume de 1km3 et mèn...

  19. For information - Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél : (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Mercredi 1er décembre SEMINAIRE DE PHYSIQUE CORPUSCULAIRE à 17:00 - École de Physique, Auditoire Stückelberg, 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet, 1211 Genève 4 Rare Kaon Decays : Opportunities at CERN Prof. Augusto Ceccucci / Experiment NA48, NA48/2, NA48/1 - CERN A review of the current experimental situation will be given with emphasis on recent results obtained at CERN. The speaker will argue that the availability of high energy kaon beams at CERN allows one to make incisive tests of the Standard Model. In particular the NA48 Collaboration has studied the possibility to measure the reaction K' ↓ θ' o obar leading to a ~10% precision on the knowledge of the |Vtd| CKM parameter. Prospects to study of the CP-Violating ecays KL ↓ θ...

  20. For information: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    A. Cervera Villanueva

    2005-01-01

    ECOLE DE PHYSIQUE Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet - 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél : (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 13 April PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium Status and prospects of the LHCb experiment Prof. Ulrich Straumann / Université de Zurich The LHCb experiment is designed to exploit the large b quark production cross section in pp collisions at the future LHC at CERN in order to perform a wide range of precision studies of CP violating phenomena and rare decays in the B meson systems. The experiment will operate at a moderate luminosity of 2Ã^_1032 cm-2s-1 and should be fully operational from the start of LHC operation in mid of 2007. An overview of the design and present production status of the experiment will be given, with some emphasis on the silicon tracking system, provided by the Swiss groups. The physics reach of the experiment will be demon...

  1. FOR INFORMATION: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 TéL: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 30 November PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium CVD Diamond Radiation Sensors For Application In Very High Radiation Environments by Prof. Peter Weilhammer / University and INFN Perugia and CERN After an introduction into the basic properties and operating principles of CVD diamond radiation sensor material, measurements of charge carrier collection and leakage currents in single crystal and polycrystalline CVD diamonds will be presented. Results from measurements of the effective mobilities and carrier lifetime of electrons and holes, using the Transient Current Technique (TCT), will be shown. Radiation hardness of CVD polycrystalline diamonds will be discussed. A summary of radiation hardness measurements, carried out over several years, will be presented for polycrystalline material. Performance of diamond trackin...

  2. For information: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 TéL: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 16 November PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 �- Stückelberg Auditorium Astronomie neutrino au Pôle Sud by Dr. Mathieu Ribordy / Université de Mons-Hainaut, Belgique Nous allons discuter du détecteur AMANDA enterré dans les profondeurs du Pôle Sud et de résultats récents obtenus dans la recherche de sources astrophysiques de neutrinos de haute énergie. Les limites actuelles aux flux diffus, de plus en plus contraignantes, sont proches de la limite supérieure de Waxman-Bahcall. La sensibilité à la recherche de sources ponctuelles a atteint le niveau requis pour détecter des objets tels que Mrk501, en supposant un flux de neutrinos d’intensité comparable au flux de gamma, au-delà de ~1 TeV. Le successeur de AMANDA est le télescope IceCube dont le déploiement a commencé cette année. Il occupera à terme un volume de 1km3 et ...

  3. External Conference: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 14 June 2006 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs - Stückelberg Auditorium Violation de parité en diffusion Moller et tests précis du modèle standard à basse énergie by Dr David Lhuillier - CEA Saclay Les mesures du courant faible neutre à basse énergie, loin du pôle du Z0, permettent de tester le secteur électrofaible du modèle standard d'une manière complémentaire aux collisionneurs de haute énergie. La très faible intensité du courant neutre aux cinématiques étudiées est compensée par une très grande précision de mesure qui permet de tester indirectement l'existence d'une nouvelle physique jusqu'à l'échelle du TeV. L'essentiel de l'exposé sera consacré à la présentation de l'expérience E158 qui isole la contribution du courant faible dans la diffusion Møller (e-e- à e-e-) par l'intermédiaire de la viol...

  4. External meeting: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Université de Genève Ecole de physique 24 quai Ernest Ansermet 1211 Genève 4 Tél : + 41 22 379 63 83 (secrétariat) Tél : + 41 22 379 62 56 (réception) Fax: + 41 22 379 69 22 Lundi 20 novembre 2006 COLLOQUIUM 17:00 - Auditoire Stückelberg Electrical correlation measurements in quantum nano-structures Dr. Stefan Oberholzer / Basel University Measuring the current-voltage characteristics of small conductors is widely used to characterize their electronic transport properties. In addition to such time-averaged measurements, correlation measurements between temporal fluctuations (noise) around the time-averaged mean current provide us with very important supplementary information about electrical transport. In this talk, I review our experimental work on shot noise, noise which originates from the granularity of charge and the diffraction of the electronic wave-function, and especially address the fundamental relation between electronic scattering experiments and the statistical properties of indist...

  5. For information: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Ecole de physiqueDépartement de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4TéL: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Lundi 16 janvier COLLOQUE DE LA SECTION DE PHYSIQUE 17h00 - Auditoire Stückelberg Recent progress in understanding irreversible processes Professeur G. Jona-Lasino / Institute: Université de Rome 'La Sapienza' For over seventy years our understanding of irreversible processes has been based on Onsager's 1931 papers which have provided the tools to analyse experiments in physics and physical chemistry. Onsager's approach however is valid only near equilibrium. In particular it does not require the definition of non equilibrium thermodynamic functionals. Recently progress has been achieved via an extension of Einstein's theory of thermodynamic fluctuations to non equilibrium dynamical situations without the restriction of being close to equilibrium. We shall illustrate some of the basic ideas and results. Information: http://theory.physics.unige.ch/~...

  6. External meeting: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    ECOLE DE PHYSIQUE Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet1211 GENEVE 4 - Tél : 022 379 62 73 - Fax: 022 379 69 92 Wednesday 24 May 2006 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium Physics Performances of CMS by Dr Albert De Roeck / CERN An overview will be given of the physics capabilities of the CMS detector at the LHC. CMS is now completing its Physics Technical Design reports, summarizing the expected detector performance in a first volume and the physics reach with up to 30 fb-1 in the second volume. Results on the performance of the CMS detector as obtained from detailed simulations are presented for realistic operating conditions, and validated where possible against test beam and cosmic ray data. Procedures to measure the performance from early LHC data will be described. Finally, a selected number of results from new physics studies will be presented. Information: http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire/annonce.html Organizer : J.-S. Graulich

  7. External conference: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    Ecole de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 Tél: (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 13 December 2006 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs - Stückelberg Auditorium Radiation Tolerant Sensors for Solid State Tracking Detectors by Dr Michael MOLL / CERN The envisaged upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN towards the Super-LHC (SLHC) with a 10 times increased luminosity of 1035 cm2 s-1 will present severe challenges for the tracking detectors of the SLHC experiments. Unprecedented high radiation levels and track densities and a reduced bunch crossing time in the order of 10 ns as well as the need for cost effective detectors have called for an intensive R&D program. The CERN RD50 collaboration 'Development of Radiation Hard Semiconductor Devices for Very High Luminosity Colliders' is working on the development of semiconductor sensors matching the requirements of the SLHC. Sensors based on defect engineered silic...

  8. External conference: Geneva University

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    ECOLE DE PHYSIQUE Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, Quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENEVE 4 - Tél : 022 379 62 73 - Fax: 022 379 69 92 Monday 12 June 2006 PARTICLE PHYSICS COLLOQUIUM at 17:00 - Stückelberg Auditorium Quantum computers - dream and realization Prof. R. Blatt / University of Innsbruck, Austria Computational operations always rely on real physical processes, which are data input, data representation in a memory, data manipulation using algorithms and finally, the data output. With conventional computers all the processes are classical processes and can be described accordingly. Theoretically, it is known for several years now that certain computations could be processed much more efficiently using quantum mechanical operations. This requires the implementation of quantum bits (qubits), quantum registers and quantum gates and the development of quantum algorithms. Several approaches for the implementation of quantum computers will be presented, with special emphasis o...

  9. Entitlement to vote in the Canton of Geneva and entitlement to vote and eligibility for election in the Canton of Vaud

    CERN Multimedia

    DG Unit

    2009-01-01

    You are reminded that, at commune level, certain international civil servants and their family members: are entitled to vote in the Canton of Geneva are entitled to vote and are eligible for election in the Canton of Vaud. For further information, in particular regarding the special procedure to be followed to apply to exercise these entitlements, you are invited to consult the information published, in French only, on the Swiss Mission’s website: for the Canton of Genevafor the Canton of VaudThe dates of the forthcoming ballots are available on the official websites of the cantonal administrative authorities: for Geneva: referendum and forthcoming ballots ; for Vaud: forthcoming ballots In this context, please note, especially with regard to eligibility for election, that: in accordance with Articles S I 3.05 and I 3.06 of the Staff Rules "Members of the personnel wishing to take part in the public and political life of a State shall comply with the relevant legislat...

  10. Stability of uncoated and fulvic acids coated manufactured CeO2 nanoparticles in various conditions: From ultrapure to natural Lake Geneva waters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oriekhova, Olena; Stoll, Serge

    2016-08-15

    Understanding the behavior of engineered nanoparticles in natural water and impact of water composition in changing conditions is of high importance to predict their fate once released into the environment. In this study we investigated the stability of uncoated and Suwannee River fulvic acids coated CeO2 manufactured nanoparticles in various environmental conditions. The effect of pH changes on the nanoparticle and coating stability was first studied in ultrapure water as well as the variation of zeta potentials and sizes with time in presence of fulvic acids at environmental pH. Then the stability of CeO2 in synthetic and natural Lake Geneva waters was investigated as a function of fulvic acids concentration. Our results indicate that the adsorption of environmentally relevant concentrations of Suwannee River fulvic acids promotes CeO2 stabilization in ultrapure water as well as synthetic water and that the coating stability is high upon pH variations. On the other hand in natural Lake Geneva water CeO2 NPs are found in all cases aggregated due to the effect of heterogeneous organic and inorganic compounds.

  11. Design and implementation of an interprofessional education course for undergraduate students at the University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland: the Geneva experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mèche, Petra; Meyenberg, Claire-Lise; Douchamps, Liliane; Theubet, Alexandra; Emilien, Jeannot

    2015-05-01

    The School of Health of Geneva (SHG, part of the University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland) introduced interprofessional education (IPE) in its Bachelor Programs in 2012. IPE is an approach that encourages collaboration between health care professionals, optimizing health care quality and decision-making processes. The aim of this article is to describe the implementation and evaluation of IPE at our Institution. IPE is a didactic program, comprising discussion about fictional clinical cases, simulated practice and project management, dispensed by an interdisciplinary academic team. Training is focused on communication and collaboration between students of the five health departments of our Institution and students from the Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of the Geneva University. The IPE program concerns on average 1000 future caregivers per year. Skill development resulting from IPE will be evaluated by an IPE research team via a student cross-sectional study, using the Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Scale (RIPLS). The results will be used for validating the French version of the RIPLS.

  12. Risk of herbicide mixtures as a key parameter to explain phytoplankton fluctuation in a great lake: the case of Lake Geneva, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregorio, Vincent; Büchi, Lucie; Anneville, Orlane; Rimet, Frédéric; Bouchez, Agnès; Chèvre, Nathalie

    2012-11-01

    Mixture risk assessment predictions have rarely been confronted with biological changes observed in the environment. In this study, long-term monitoring of a European great lake, Lake Geneva, provides the opportunity to assess to what extent the predicted toxicity of herbicide mixtures explains the changes in the composition of the phytoplankton community next to other classical limnology parameters such as nutrients. To reach this goal, the gradient of the mixture toxicity of 14 herbicides regularly detected in the lake was calculated using concentration addition and response addition models. A temporal gradient of toxicity was observed which decreased from 2004 to 2009. Redundancy analysis and partial redundancy analysis showed that this gradient explains a significant portion of the variation in phytoplankton community composition with and without having removed the effect of all other co-variables. Moreover, species that are significantly influenced, positively or negatively, by the decrease of toxicity in the lake over time are highlighted. It can be concluded that the herbicide mixture toxicity is one of the key parameters to explain phytoplankton changes in Lake Geneva.

  13. Pollution-induced community tolerance (PICT) as a tool for monitoring Lake Geneva long-term in situ ecotoxic restoration from herbicide contamination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larras, Floriane; Rimet, Frédéric; Gregorio, Vincent; Bérard, Annette; Leboulanger, Christophe; Montuelle, Bernard; Bouchez, Agnès

    2016-03-01

    Chemical monitoring revealed a regular decrease in herbicide concentration in Lake Geneva since last decades that may be linked to an ecotoxic restoration of nontarget phytoplanktonic communities. The Pollution-induced community tolerance (PICT) approach was tested as a tool to monitor the ecotoxic restoration of Lake Geneva for herbicides from 1999 to 2011. We conducted monthly assessments in 1999 and in 2011 for the tolerance of the phytoplankton communities to two herbicides (atrazine and copper), using PICT bioassays. The taxonomical composition of the communities was determined on the same collecting dates. The herbicide concentration decrease during the 12 years significantly influenced the composition of communities. The PICT monitoring indicated that a significant tolerance decrease in the community to both herbicides accompanied the herbicide concentration decrease. PICT measurements for atrazine and copper also changed at the intra-annual level. These variations were mainly due to community composition shifts linked to seasonal phosphorus and temperature changes. PICT monitoring on a seasonal basis is required to monitor the mean tolerance of communities. PICT appeared to be a powerful tool that reflected the toxic effects on environmental communities and to monitor ecotoxic ecosystem restoration.

  14. The deep geothermal project along the shore of the Lake of Geneva - Synthesis report of Phase A; Projet de geothermie profonde sur la cote vaudoise. Rapport de synthese de la phase A - Rapport final

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vallat, P. [CCMP Plus, Gland (Switzerland)

    2009-04-15

    Preliminary studies have shown the geothermal potential of deep aquifers in the region named 'La Cote' between the Jura mountain and the Lake of Geneva, between Geneva and Lausanne, Switzerland. The present synthesis report reviews the geological features of the region - known from previous boring - and the expected heat demand in the region. Several sites have been identified where cost-covering operation of a geothermal district heating is expected. Recommendations for the following steps of the project are given.

  15. Wells 量表和修正的 Geneva 评分联合 D-二聚体对肺栓塞的预测价值%The validity of Wells'Criteria and Geneva Scoring System (revised) combined with D-dimer in predicting pulmonary embolism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    凌燕君; 邹晓

    2015-01-01

    目的:评价Wells量表和修正的Geneva评分系统联合D-二聚体诊断肺栓塞的意义。方法应用受试者工作特征曲线,通过Wells量表和修正的Geneva评分系统联合D-二聚体检验方法,得出修正的Geneva和Wells评分,联合D-二聚体阳性来比较两种方法的差别。结果通过Wells评分的ROC曲线得出以≥4.25作为预测值,其灵敏度30.2%,特异度92.6%;通过Geneva评分的ROC曲线得细化以≥6.5作为预测值,其灵敏度64.7%,特异度85.2%。在Wells评分中以最佳分界值4.25分为界,Geneva评分中以最佳分界值6.5分为界,联合D-二聚体检测准确率有明显差别。结论根据Geneva评分≥6.5分或Wells评分≥4.25分者联合D-二聚体阳性时,高度怀疑肺栓塞。%Objective To evaluate the validity of Wells’ Criteria and Geneva Scoring System combined with D-dimer as two different methods for predicting pulmonary embolism.Method The Wells score and the Geneva score were first obtained by the Wells’ Criteria and the Geneva Scoring System ( revised) combined with D – dimer respectively.The validity of the two methods was then evaluated and compared for their difference in accuracy sensitivity, and specificity.Findings The Wells score evaluated by the ROC curve was≥4.25 as the predictive value.Its sensitivity was 30.2%and its specificity of 92.6%.The Geneva score evaluated by the ROC curve was refined to≥6.5 as the predictive value.Its sensitivity was 64. 7%and its specificity of 85.2%.Of the Wells scores the best cutoff value was 4.25 while of the Geneva optimal the optimal cutoff score was 6.5.Combined with D-dimer, significant difference could be found between the two methods. Conclusion The sensitivity and specificity of the revised Geneva score were better than those of the Wells rule.When the revised Geneva scores arrive at a value≥6.5 or the Wells scores arrive a value≥4.25, and the D-dimer is positive

  16. Prof. Samuel ting presents results from AMS experiment at CERN main auditorium. Geneva 3 April 2013. The international team running the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS1) today announced the first results in its search for dark matter

    CERN Multimedia

    Samuel Morier-Genoud

    2013-01-01

    Geneva 3 April 2013. The international team running the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) today announced the first results in its search for dark matter. The results, presented by AMS spokesperson Professor Samuel Ting in a seminar at CERN, are to be published in the journal Physical Review Letters. They report the observation of an excess of positrons in the cosmic ray flux

  17. 6 JUne 2016 - Permanent Representative of Greece to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other international organisations in Switzerland Ambassador A. Korka signing the guest book with CERN Director-General F. Gianotti.

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    Her Excellency Ms Anna Korka Ambassador Permanent Representative of Greece to the United Nations Office at Geneva and other international organisations in Switzerland; Also present: Deputy Permanent Representative I. Tsaousis, Member State Liaison Officer E. Tsesmelis, Director for International Relations C. Warakaulle and Head of Member State Relations P. Wells.

  18. Learning To Live Together: Have We Failed? A Summary of the Ideas and Contributions Arising from the Forty-Sixth Session of UNESCO's International Conference on Education (Geneva, Switzerland, September 5-8, 2001).

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Bureau of Education, Geneva (Switzerland).

    This book is based mainly on the work of the 46th session of the International Conference on Education (ICE), organized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organizations' International Bureau of Education (IBE) held in Geneva, Switzerland, September 5-8, 2001. The ICE is the only regularly occurring event during which…

  19. Geneva convention and Critical Loads: an example of Science-based Environmental Policy; Conveio de Ginebra y cargas criticas:un ejemplo de politica ambiental basada en ciencia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rabago Juan-Aracil, I.; Alonso del Amo, R.

    2011-07-01

    Air pollution is one of the leading environmental problems of out times that could eventually change the living conditions of human beings and the ecosystems on the whole planet. Therefore, international forums have been created to discuss environmental policies aimed at the control of pollutant emissions and the protection of ecosystems and human health. the fundamental purpose is to take common actions that go beyond political borders, since in many cases the emissions of pollutants affect ecosystems far from the emission source. These were the objectives leading to the creation of the Geneva Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution, of the Economic commission for Europe-United Nations (UNECE). (Author) 12 refs.

  20. CERN tests reveal security flaws with industrial network devices

    CERN Document Server

    Lüders, Stefan

    2006-01-01

    The CERN high energy particle physics facility at Geneva, Switzerland will incorporate a wide range of COTS industrial control systems within its next generation particle collider, the LHC. In particular, the Internet will be used to facilitate the remote access for accelerator and particle physicists and system experts based at several hundred locations around the globe. The integration of Industrial Ethernet and COTS PLCs within the LHC program focuses extreme attention on the industrial network cyber-security requirement. CERN's response has been to conduct operational research on the security resilience of networked industrial devices. As test team lead Stefan Lüders reports here, industrial networked devices put through the organisation's test procedures have generally shown up unexpected vulnerabilities.

  1. Test on the Wheel/Rail Forces of 70% Low-floor Tram%70%低地板轻轨车辆轮轨力测试研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高纯友; 陆海英; 任利惠

    2012-01-01

    为了测试弹性车轮轮对的轮轨力,根据70%低地板轻轨车辆转向架的一系悬挂结构,开发了一种新的轮轨力测量技术:在一系圆锥橡胶弹簧的钢质下支柱粘贴2组应变片,通过合理布点和组桥消除了垂向力和横向力测量电桥之间的相互干扰,从而直接测得作用在轴箱弹簧上的垂向力和横向力.使用这种方法测试了70%低地板轻轨车辆的刚性轮对和独立轮对的轮轨垂向力和轮轴横向力.%In order to measure the wheel/rail forces on wheel set with rubber-layer wheels, a new measurement technology is developed according to the structure of primary suspension. The strain gauges are pasted on the steel spindle of cylindrical laminated rubber spring, then and the gauges bridge outputs of the vertical and lateral forces are completely irrelevant through special arranging bridge of stain gauges, This approach is ap- plied in the measurement of the vertical and lateral forces on stiffness wheel sets and independently rotating wheel sets of a new 70% low-floor tram.

  2. 2 February 2016 - Signature of CERN guest book by Ambassador of Montenegro to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva N.Kaluđerović with Adviser C. Schäfer. S. Damjanovic is also present.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2016-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Nebojša Kaluđerović Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of Montenegro to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

  3. 14 November 2016 - Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary H. M. Cima, Permanent Representative of the Argentine Republic to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva signing the guest book with CERN Director-General F. Gianotti, Director for International Relations C. Warakaulle; Adviser J. Salicio Diez and V. Perez-Reale, CERN HR Department, are also present.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2016-01-01

    His Excellency Mr Héctor Marcelo Cima Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary Permanent Representative of the Argentine Republic to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva

  4. Volatile profiles of members of the USDA Geneva Malus Core Collection: utility in evaluation of a hypothesized biosynthetic pathway for esters derived from 2-methylbutanoate and 2-methylbutan-1-ol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugimoto, Nobuko; Forsline, Philip; Beaudry, Randolph

    2015-02-25

    The volatile ester and alcohol profiles of ripening apple fruit from 184 germplasm lines in the USDA Malus Germplasm Repository at the New York Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva, NY, USA, were evaluated. Cluster analysis suggested biochemical relationships exist between several ester classes. A strong linkage was revealed between 2-methylbutanoate, propanoate, and butanoate esters, suggesting the influence of the recently proposed "citramalic acid pathway" in apple fruit. Those lines with a high content of esters formed from 2-methylbutan-1-ol and 2-methylbutanoate (2MB) relative to straight-chain (SC) esters (high 2MB/SC ratio) exhibited a marked increase in isoleucine and citramalic acid during ripening, but those lines with a low content did not. Thus, the data were consistent with the existence of the hypothesized citramalic acid pathway and suggest that the Geneva Malus Germplasm Repository, appropriately used, could be helpful in expanding our understanding of mechanisms for fruit volatile synthesis and other aspects of secondary metabolism.

  5. Participants of the "Grid: the Key to Scientific Collaboration", an outstanding UNESCO-ROSTE and CERN event sponsored by Hewlett Packard held on 28 and 29 September at CERN, Geneva.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2005-01-01

    Based on the collaboration-fostering and research-enabling role of the grid, CERN and UNESCO are taking the opportunity to invite current and future grid participants, universities and research institutions to a grid event hosted by CERN in Geneva. Through presentations by key grid protagonists from CERN, the European Commission, the EGEE Grid, and the European research community, participants have been able to learn about the capabilities of the grid, opportunities to leverage their research work, and participation in international projects.

  6. 15 February 2012 - Geneva United Nations Office Director-General K.-J. Tokayev in the LHC tunnel with Adviser for Relations with international organisations M. Bona and Technology Department Head F. Bordry.

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-claude Gadmer

    2012-01-01

    Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, director-general of the United Nations Office at Geneva, (centre picture 02), visited CERN on 15 February. He toured the LHC tunnel with Maurizio Bona, CERN’s adviser to the director-general, relations with international organizations, left, and Frédérick Bordry, CERN’s technology department head. He also visited the ATLAS underground experimental area, as well as the exhibition at the Globe of Science and Innovation.

  7. Multicentre validation of the Geneva Risk Score for hospitalised medical patients at risk of venous thromboembolism. Explicit ASsessment of Thromboembolic RIsk and Prophylaxis for Medical PATients in SwitzErland (ESTIMATE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nendaz, M; Spirk, D; Kucher, N; Aujesky, D; Hayoz, D; Beer, J H; Husmann, M; Frauchiger, B; Korte, W; Wuillemin, W A; Jäger, K; Righini, M; Bounameaux, H

    2014-03-03

    There is a need to validate risk assessment tools for hospitalised medical patients at risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). We investigated whether a predefined cut-off of the Geneva Risk Score, as compared to the Padua Prediction Score, accurately distinguishes low-risk from high-risk patients regardless of the use of thromboprophylaxis. In the multicentre, prospective Explicit ASsessment of Thromboembolic RIsk and Prophylaxis for Medical PATients in SwitzErland (ESTIMATE) cohort study, 1,478 hospitalised medical patients were enrolled of whom 637 (43%) did not receive thromboprophylaxis. The primary endpoint was symptomatic VTE or VTE-related death at 90 days. The study is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01277536. According to the Geneva Risk Score, the cumulative rate of the primary endpoint was 3.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] 2.2-4.6%) in 962 high-risk vs 0.6% (95% CI 0.2-1.9%) in 516 low-risk patients (p=0.002); among patients without prophylaxis, this rate was 3.5% vs 0.8% (p=0.029), respectively. In comparison, the Padua Prediction Score yielded a cumulative rate of the primary endpoint of 3.5% (95% CI 2.3-5.3%) in 714 high-risk vs 1.1% (95% CI 0.6-2.3%) in 764 low-risk patients (p=0.002); among patients without prophylaxis, this rate was 3.2% vs 1.5% (p=0.130), respectively. Negative likelihood ratio was 0.28 (95% CI 0.10-0.83) for the Geneva Risk Score and 0.51 (95% CI 0.28-0.93) for the Padua Prediction Score. In conclusion, among hospitalised medical patients, the Geneva Risk Score predicted VTE and VTE-related mortality and compared favourably with the Padua Prediction Score, particularly for its accuracy to identify low-risk patients who do not require thromboprophylaxis.

  8. Digital networks to aid research and education in Africa

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Around 120 participants were assembled over two days at CERN to discuss ways to bridge the digital divide with Africa. As part of efforts to implement the outcome of the first World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), held in Geneva in 2003, CERN held the international workshop on Research and Education Networks in Africa, from 25 to 27 September. Organized by the United Nations University (UNU) in collaboration with the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) and CERN, this meeting was designed to promote scientific cooperation with and within Africa, through the development of networking infrastructure. Faster, reliable and more affordable Internet access is widely recognized as one of the key factors for enhancing research and education efforts in African academic and research institutions. For the first time, this workshop brought together representatives of all the key stakeholders: African academic and research institutions, international coordinators, funding agencies, grass-roots imple...

  9. Computers and networks in the age of globalization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch Rasmussen, Leif; Beardon, Colin; Munari, Silvio

    In modernity, an individual identity was constituted from civil society, while in a globalized network society, human identity, if it develops at all, must grow from communal resistance. A communal resistance to an abstract conceptualized world, where there is no possibility for perception...... in a network society; the individual and knowledge-based organizations; human responsibility and technology; and exclusion and regeneration. This volume contains the edited proceedings of the Fifth World Conference on Human Choice and Computers (HCC-5), which was sponsored by the International Federation...... for Information Processing (IFIP) and held in Geneva, Switzerland in August 1998. Since the first HCC conference in 1974, IFIP's Technical Committee 9 has endeavoured to set the agenda for human choices and human actions vis-a-vis computers....

  10. Prevalence and associated factors for Chlamydia trachomatis infection among undocumented immigrants in a primary care facility in Geneva, Switzerland: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Yves; Sebo, Paul; Aeby, Gaelle; Bovier, Patrick; Ninet, Beatrice; Schrenzel, Jacques; Sudre, Philippe; Haller, Dagmar; Gaspoz, Jean-Michel; Wolff, Hans

    2010-12-01

    Chlamydia trachomatis infection (CTI) is the most frequent sexually transmitted infection in western countries. Its prevalence in undocumented immigrants, a rapidly growing vulnerable population, remains unknown. We aimed to document the prevalence of CTI and associated factors at the primary health care level. This cross-sectional study included all undocumented immigrants attending a health care facility in Geneva, Switzerland. Participants completed a questionnaire and were tested for CTI by PCR assay. Three-hundred thirteen undocumented immigrants (68.4% female, mean age 32.4 (SD 8) years) agreed to participate. CTI prevalence was 5.8% (95% CI 3.3-8.4). Factors associated with higher prevalence were age ≤25 (OR 3.9, 95% CI 1.3-12.2) and having had two or more sexual partners during the precedent year (OR 4.5, 95% CI 1.5-13.7). Prevalence and associated factors for infection in this vulnerable population were comparable with other populations in Western countries. Our findings support the importance of facilitating access to existing screening opportunities in particular to individuals at higher risk.

  11. Compliance with the Swiss Society for Nutrition's dietary recommendations in the population of Geneva, Switzerland: a 10-year trend study (1999-2009).

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Abreu, Daisy; Guessous, Idris; Gaspoz, Jean-Michel; Marques-Vidal, Pedro

    2014-05-01

    The trends in compliance with the dietary recommendations of the Swiss Society for Nutrition in the Geneva population were assessed for the period from 1999 to 2009 using 10 cross-sectional, population-based surveys (Bus Santé study) with a total of 9,320 participants aged 35 to 75 years (50% women). Dietary intake was assessed using a self-administered, validated, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Trends were assessed by logistic regression adjusting for age, smoking status, education, and nationality using survey year as the independent variable. After excluding participants with extreme intakes, the percentage of participants with a cholesterol intake of trend=0.04) and from 57.8% to 61.4% in women (multivariate-adjusted P for trend=0.06). Calcium intake >1 g/day decreased from 53.3% to 46% in men and from 47.6% to 40.7% in women (multivariate-adjusted P for trendtrend<0.001). Conversely, no significant changes were observed for carbohydrates, protein, total fat (including saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids), fiber, and vitamins D and A. We conclude that the quality of the Swiss diet did not improve between 1999 and 2009 and that intakes deviate substantially from expert recommendations for health promotion and chronic disease risk reduction. Copyright © 2014 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Application of δ(18)O, δ(13)CDIC, and major ions to evaluate micropollutant sources in the Bay of Vidy, Lake Geneva.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halder, Janine; Pralong, Charles; Bonvin, Florence; Lambiel, Frederic; Vennemann, Torsten W

    2016-01-01

    Waters were sampled monthly from a profile at the wastewater outlet and a reference point in the Bay of Vidy (Lake Geneva) for a year. The samples were analyzed for (18)O/(16)O of water, (13)C/(12)C of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC), major ions, and selected micropollutant concentrations. δ(18)O values, combined with the major ion concentrations, allowed discharged waste and storm-drainage water to be traced within the water column. On the basis of δ(18)O values, mole fractions of wastewater (up to 45 %), storm-drainage (up to 16 %), and interflowing Rhône River water (up to 34 %) could be determined. The results suggest that the stormwater fractions do not influence micropollutant concentrations in a measurable way. In contrast, the Rhône River interflow coincides with elevated concentrations of Rhône River-derived micropollutants in some profiles. δ(13)C values of DIC suggest that an increase in micropollutant concentrations at the sediment-water interface could be related to remineralization processes or resuspension.

  13. Learning Networks, Networked Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sloep, Peter

    2011-01-01

    Sloep, P. B. (2011). Learning Networks, Networked Learning. Presentation at Annual Assembly of the European Society for the Systemic Innovation of Education - ESSIE. May, 27, 2011, Leuven, Belgium: Open University in the Netherlands.

  14. Learning Networks, Networked Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sloep, Peter; Berlanga, Adriana

    2010-01-01

    Sloep, P. B., & Berlanga, A. J. (2011). Learning Networks, Networked Learning [Redes de Aprendizaje, Aprendizaje en Red]. Comunicar, XIX(37), 55-63. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.3916/C37-2011-02-05

  15. Learning Networks, Networked Learning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sloep, Peter; Berlanga, Adriana

    2010-01-01

    Sloep, P. B., & Berlanga, A. J. (2011). Learning Networks, Networked Learning [Redes de Aprendizaje, Aprendizaje en Red]. Comunicar, XIX(37), 55-63. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.3916/C37-2011-02-05

  16. Emigration dynamics in South Asia, IOM / UNFPA workshop, 2-3 September 1996, IOM headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appleyard, R

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes the six research monographs that were presented at the Emigration Dynamic Workshops in South Asia in September 1996. Research reports were presented by Associate Professor Nasra Shah on an overview of emigration dynamics, Dr. Godfrey Gunatilleke on the role of networks and community structures in migration from Sri Lanka, Dr. Raisul Awal Mahmood on illegal migration from Bangladesh to Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, Bangkok, and Delhi due to desperate poverty, Dr. Farooq-i-Azam on high and low labor-sending migration districts in Pakistan, Dr. Mahendra K. Premi on the impact of internal Indian migration on international migration, and Dr. P.R. Gopinathan Nair on emigration from Kerala, India, to the Middle East. Representatives of South Asian governments discussed the implications of the research findings. Pakistan's representative urged cooperation and joint strategies among labor-sending countries. He cautioned that income and remittance estimates were unstable and unrealistic for inclusion in economic development plans. The Indian representative noted that, although Indian emigration is low, it is highly visible in the press. He agreed with the suggestion for greater cooperation between sending countries. The Bangladesh representative stated that the country needed to locate new markets for Bangladeshi emigrants, to guarantee the rights of emigrant workers, and to prevent trafficking in illegal migrant workers. Three major topics were discussed in the workshop session on the implementation of programs based on research findings. Workshop participants recommended updated information on migration trends, updated information on labor markets in receiving countries, formal and regular policy dialogue between sending countries, and promotion of continuing research by the International Organization on Migration.

  17. A network of networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iedema, Rick; Verma, Raj; Wutzke, Sonia; Lyons, Nigel; McCaughan, Brian

    2017-04-10

    Purpose To further our insight into the role of networks in health system reform, the purpose of this paper is to investigate how one agency, the NSW Agency for Clinical Innovation (ACI), and the multiple networks and enabling resources that it encompasses, govern, manage and extend the potential of networks for healthcare practice improvement. Design/methodology/approach This is a case study investigation which took place over ten months through the first author's participation in network activities and discussions with the agency's staff about their main objectives, challenges and achievements, and with selected services around the state of New South Wales to understand the agency's implementation and large system transformation activities. Findings The paper demonstrates that ACI accommodates multiple networks whose oversight structures, self-organisation and systems change approaches combined in dynamic ways, effectively yield a diversity of network governances. Further, ACI bears out a paradox of "centralised decentralisation", co-locating agents of innovation with networks of implementation and evaluation expertise. This arrangement strengthens and legitimates the role of the strategic hybrid - the healthcare professional in pursuit of change and improvement, and enhances their influence and impact on the wider system. Research limitations/implications While focussing the case study on one agency only, this study is unique as it highlights inter-network connections. Contributing to the literature on network governance, this paper identifies ACI as a "network of networks" through which resources, expectations and stakeholder dynamics are dynamically and flexibly mediated and enhanced. Practical implications The co-location of and dynamic interaction among clinical networks may create synergies among networks, nurture "strategic hybrids", and enhance the impact of network activities on health system reform. Social implications Network governance requires more

  18. Network integration; Network integration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-02-29

    Together with the rapid spread of information network, a shift is seen from the conventional original network to the system based on the standard network also in the monitoring/control field. In the network construction in the monitoring/control field, Meidensha uses internet/intranet technology and multimedia technology and is working on the construction of multimedia network into which sound/image/data are integrated. The paper indicates an example of constructing a large-scale network based on the ATM network constructed by the company and an example of constructing a network based on the Ethernet. The image system is coded/decoded by MPEG2 encoder/decoder and delivered by ATM switch. The sound system is connected to ATM network via CLAD and constructs PBX net. The data system which intercommunicates among terminals interconnects routers on ATM network using TCP/IP. Further, it copes with difficulties such as cable cut by making a detour for the ATM network. (translated by NEDO)

  19. Spatio-temporal distribution of organic and inorganic pollutants from Lake Geneva (Switzerland) reveals strong interacting effects of sewage treatment plant and eutrophication on microbial abundance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thevenon, Florian; Graham, Neil D; Herbez, Aline; Wildi, Walter; Poté, John

    2011-07-01

    Variation with depth and time of organic matter (carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus), inorganic pollutant (mercury), as well as bacterial abundance and activity, were investigated for the first time in sediment profiles of different parts of Lake Geneva (Switzerland) over the last decades. The highest organic contents (about 32%), mercury concentration (27 mg kg(-1)), bacterial abundance (in order of 9×10(9) cell g(-1) dry sediment), and bacterial activity (1299 Relative Light Units (RLU)) were found in the highly polluted sediments contaminated by the waste water treatment plant (WWTP) discharge, which deposited during the period of cultural eutrophication. Such data, which contrast with the other sampled sites from deeper and more remote parts of the lake, prove that the organic matter and nutrients released from the municipal WWTP have considerable effects on bacterial abundance and activities in freshwater sediments. In fact, the relatively unpolluted deepwater sites and the coastal polluted site show large synchronous increases in bacterial densities linked to the anoxic conditions in the 1970s (lake eutrophication caused by external nutrient input) that subsequently increased the nutrient loading fluxes. These results show that the microbial activities response to natural or human-induced changing limnological conditions (e.g., nutrient supply, oxygen availability, redox conditions) constitutes a threat to the security of water resources, which in turn poses concerns for the world's freshwater resources in the context of global warming and the degradation of water quality (oxygen depletion in the bottom water due to reduced deep waters mixing). Moreover, the accumulation of inorganic pollutants such as high mercury (methyl-mercury) concentration may represent a significant source of toxicity for sediment dwelling organisms.

  20. Antimicrobial activity of ceftaroline against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates collected in 2013-2014 at the Geneva University Hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrey, D O; François, P; Manzano, C; Bonetti, E J; Harbarth, S; Schrenzel, J; Kelley, W L; Renzoni, A

    2017-02-01

    Ceftaroline is a broad-spectrum antibiotic with activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains. Ceftaroline susceptibility of an MRSA set archived between 1994 and 2003 in the Geneva University Hospitals detected a high percentage (66 %) of ceftaroline resistance in clonotypes ST228 and ST247 and correlated with mutations in PBP2a. The ceftaroline mechanism of action is based on the inhibition of PBP2a; thus, the identification of PBP2a mutations of recently circulating clonotypes in our institution was investigated. We analyzed ceftaroline susceptibility in MRSA isolates (2013 and 2014) and established that resistant strains correlated with PBP2a mutations and specific clonotypes. Ninety-six MRSA strains were analyzed from independent patients and were isolated from blood cultures (23 %), deep infections (38.5 %), and superficial (skin or wound) infections (38.5 %). This sample showed a ceftaroline minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) range between 0.25 and 2 μg/ml and disk diameters ranging from 10 to 30 mm, with a majority of strains showing diameters ≥20 mm. Based on the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) breakpoints, 76 % (73/96) of isolates showed susceptibility to ceftaroline. Nevertheless, we still observed 24 % (23/96) of resistant isolates (MIC = 2 μg/ml). All resistant isolates were assigned to clonotype ST228 and carried the N146K mutation in PBP2a. Only two ST228 isolates showed ceftaroline susceptibility. The decreasing percentage of ceftaroline-resistant isolates in our hospital can be explained by the decline of ST228 clonotype circulating in our hospital since 2008. We present evidence that ceftaroline is active against recent MRSA strains from our hospital; however, the presence of PBP2a variants in particular clonotypes may affect ceftaroline efficacy.

  1. Clinical prediction value of revised Geneva scores for PE-COPD%修正的Geneva评分对肺栓塞相关的慢性阻塞性肺疾病的临床预测价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹耀前; 曹洁

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the prevalence and clinical characteristic of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease associatied with pulmonary embolism (PE-COPD),analyze the predictive value of Geneva scores for it and correlation between Geneva scores and lung function scale as well as scale of blood gas analysis.Methods Retrospectively survey for in patient medical database of PE patients who were discharged from Tianjin Medical University Genenral Hospital from February,2009 to December,2011.Each PE-COPD patient was applied Geneva scores,and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) carve was used to evalute its clinical value for PE-COPD.Results Of 127 patients with a conformed diagnosis of acute PE,the amount of PE.COPD patients were 16 (17.6%,95% CI 6.8%-18.4%).The area under curve (AUC) of the ROC curve in Geneva scores predicted PE COPD was 0.759(P <0.05).95% confidence interval (CI) was 0.654-0.873.The optimal cutoff value was 5.5,the score more than 5.5 with a sensitivity of 81.3% and specificity of 63.1%,then FEV1%pred and PaO2 of PE-COPD patients were negtively correlated with Geneva scores (P <0.05),but FEV1/FVC% and PaCO2 as well as PH was no correlated with it (P >0.05).Conclusions Geneva scores being certain predictive value of PE COPD,in particular,COPD patient of poor lung function and severe hypoxemia has higher clinical probabolity of PE.%目的 了解肺栓塞相关的慢性阻塞性肺疾病(PE-COPD)的患病率和发病特点,重点探讨Gevena评分预测PE COPD的临床价值.方法 回顾性地分析天津医科大学总医院2009年2月至2011年12月诊治的急性肺栓塞患者的临床资料,并对每例PE-COPD患者进行Geneva评分,应用受试者工作特征(ROC)曲线评价Geneva评分对PE-COPD的预测价值,同时分析该评分与肺功能、血气指标的相关性.结果 127例急性肺栓塞患者中,基础疾病为COPD的患者1 6例,患病率为12.6%(95% CI 6.8%~18.4

  2. Signature for a partership between CERN and Israel - His Excellency Mr Itzhak Levanon, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Israel to the Unite Nations Office and specialized institutions in Geneva and Mr Robert Aymar, CERN Director General

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2004-01-01

    On 29 November 2004, the Israeli ambassador to the United Nations Office at Geneva, Itzhak Levanon, and CERN's director-general, Robert Aymar, signed a new protocol to the Co-operation Agreement between the government of Israel and CERN. This protocol covers a substantial increase in the Israeli contribution to CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Project. Israeli scientists have been participating in CERN's scientific activities since 1960, and in 1992 Israel became the first non-member state to make regular financial contributions to CERN's budget.

  3. Predication of Wells and Revised Geneva Scores for Pulmonary Embolism%Wells 量表和修正的Geneva评分对肺栓塞的预测价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴本权; 张文先; 刘慧; 黄静; 周宇麒; 张天托

    2009-01-01

    [目的] 为减少肺栓塞误漏诊,探讨并应用受试者工作特征曲线(ROC)比较修正的Geneva和Wells评分系统对肺栓塞的预测价值.[方法] 收集1998-2008年10月中山大学附属第三医院可疑肺栓塞65例,其中临床确诊肺栓塞44例,记录、归纳整理、统计分析,应用ROC曲线比较Geneva和Wells评分对肺栓塞的预测价值.[结果] Wells评分< 2分肺栓塞可能性33.3%(8/24),2 ~ 6分87.2%(34/39),6分以上100%(2/2),评分增加肺栓塞可能性增大(P = 0.000);Geneva评分:0 ~ 3分肺栓塞可能性22.2%(4/18);4 ~ 10分 82.1%(32/39);≥11分100%(8/8).肺栓塞可能性与Geneva评分高低有关(P = 0.000).Wells评分预测肺栓塞的ROC曲线下面积(AUC)0.785 ± 0.060(P = 0.000),最佳分界值2分,以≥2分预测肺栓塞,其敏感性81.8%,特异性76.2%;Geneva评分ROC的AUC为0.900 ± 0.038(P = 0.000),最佳分界值6.5分,以≥6.5分预测的敏感性为72.7%,特异性100%;两条曲线所对应AUC的差异有统计学意义(P < 0.05).[结论] Wells评分和Geneva评分对肺栓塞的预测均具有较好的临床价值;Geneva评分的敏感性和特异性总体上优于Wells评分.%[Objective] To reduce misdiagnosis and underdiagnosis rate of pulmonary embolism,the prediction of the revised Geneva score and Wells score for pulmonary embolism were compared and analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curves.[Methods] Sixty-five cases with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) were collected in the Third Affiliated Hospital of SUN Yat-sen University from January 1998 to October 2008.Of which 44 cases with PE were clinically confirmed.Relevant clinical data were recorded,summarized and the analysis variables were input to SPSS11.0 for statistical analysis.ROC curves was used to evaluate the probability of PE predicted by the Wells and the revised Geneva scores.[Results] Twenty-four patients had a low clinical probability of PE (Wells score < 2 points ),of which 8 (33.3%) had proven

  4. High Energy Physics Experiments In Grid Computing Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrzej Olszewski

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The demand for computing resources used for detector simulations and data analysis in HighEnergy Physics (HEP experiments is constantly increasing due to the development of studiesof rare physics processes in particle interactions. The latest generation of experiments at thenewly built LHC accelerator at CERN in Geneva is planning to use computing networks fortheir data processing needs. A Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG organization hasbeen created to develop a Grid with properties matching the needs of these experiments. Inthis paper we present the use of Grid computing by HEP experiments and describe activitiesat the participating computing centers with the case of Academic Computing Center, ACKCyfronet AGH, Kraków, Poland.

  5. Large mass movements, probably earthquake triggered, in Lake Geneva off the city of Lausanne revealed by seismic and sediment coring data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correia Demand, Jehanne; Marillier, François; Yrro, Blé; Kremer, Katrina; Girardclos, Stéphanie

    2013-04-01

    Recent seismic studies in the central part of Lake Geneva have revealed the presence a series of Holocene sedimentary layers with either well-organized reflections or with chaotic or transparent seismic character. While the former correspond to lacustrine sediments deposited as hemipelagic or turbidite layers, the latter are interpreted to be related to mass movements. One of these events has recently been identified in the lake off the city of Lausanne. The total volume of the mass flow deposits, the surface of the associated turbidite and the length of its failure scar show that it was a major slide event. To study this lacustrine slide, two types of seismic data were acquired. The first one was a multichannel system with a 15 inch3 water gun with a central frequency of 800 Hz and the second one was a 3.5 kHz single channel pinger. The data sets provide complementary data, because of their differing vertical resolution, respectively 0.5 m and 0.15 m. Some data were acquired with both systems along the same profiles for direct comparison. A depth-age relationship derived from a sediment core located above the main mass deposit yields an age for the mass movement deposit between 3488 and 3820 cal BP (2 sigma uncertainty). The failure scar that lies close to the lake north shore appears to be continuous over a distance of more than 7 km. However, the presence of two separated mass flow deposits associated with this scar suggests that there were in fact two simultaneous slides and not only one. This, together with the observation of another simultaneous mass movement on the lake south shore of the lake, suggests that the mass movements were triggered by an earthquake. The mass movements off the city of Lausanne are located over a major fault zone affecting the Mesozoic substratum under the Quaternary sediments. The fault zone which is related to the formation of the Alps is not known to be seismically active at present. However, conspicuous features within the

  6. The artificial recharge as a tool for the water resources management: case of the aquifer recharge system of Geneva (Switzerland); La recarga artificial de acuifero como ayuda a la gestion de los recursos hidricos; el ejemplo del sistema de Ginebra (Suiza)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cobos, G. de los

    2009-07-01

    The drinking water supply for the Geneva area comes partly (80%) from the lake Geneva and partly (20%) from a large transboundary aquifer called Genevois aquifer. During the 70's, over pumping lowered the groundwater level by more than 7m. Artificial recharge has been carried out from the Arve river into the Genevois aquifer in order to maintain the groundwater level and enable water resources management. Located near the Arve river, this artificial recharge plant started its activity in 1980. For the last almost 30 years the artificial recharge system of Geneva has brought over 230 hm{sup 3} of treated water into the Genevois aquifer. The impacts of the recharge on the Genevois aquifer and on the aquifer management are described in this paper. (Author) 20 refs.

  7. Geneva University - Particle Physics Seminars

    CERN Multimedia

    Université de Genève

    2010-01-01

    GENEVA UNIVERSITY École de physique Département de physique nucléaire et corspusculaire 24, quai Ernest-Ansermet 1211 GENÈVE 4 Tél. (022) 379 62 73 Fax: (022) 379 69 92 Wednesday 13 October 2010 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium Exotic hadrons, Light Higgs and Dark Forces at BABAR Dr. Bertrand Echenard / California Institute of Technology From spectroscopy to search new physics, B-factories have explored many exciting topics besides establishing CP-violation in B decays. We will review recent results on spectroscopy, exotic hadrons and search for light Higgs. Current searches for dark forces and GeV-scale dark matter particles will also be discussed. Information : http://dpnc.unige.ch/seminaire/annonce.html Organizer : G. Pasztor Wednesday 20 October 2010 PARTICLE PHYSICS SEMINAR at 17.00 hrs – Stückelberg Auditorium The MINOS Experiment, Results and Future Plans Pro...

  8. Declarative Networking

    CERN Document Server

    Loo, Boon Thau

    2012-01-01

    Declarative Networking is a programming methodology that enables developers to concisely specify network protocols and services, which are directly compiled to a dataflow framework that executes the specifications. Declarative networking proposes the use of a declarative query language for specifying and implementing network protocols, and employs a dataflow framework at runtime for communication and maintenance of network state. The primary goal of declarative networking is to greatly simplify the process of specifying, implementing, deploying and evolving a network design. In addition, decla

  9. Comparison of the Value of Revised Geneva Scores and Daniel ECG Scores in Diagnosis of Pulmonary Embolism%修正Geneva评分与Daniel心电图评分对肺栓塞的诊断价值比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞海风; 肖滨; 沈亚云; 陈爱民

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the value of revised Geneva scores and Daniel ECG scores, alone or in combina-tion, in diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE). Methods The revised Geneva scores and Daniel ECG scores were ob-tained and pulmonary CTA was performed in 41 cases with suspected PE. ROC was used to evaluate the value of these two scores in diagnosis of PE. Results PE was confirmed by pulmonary CTA in 28 cases. The revised Geneva score 5 points predicted PE with a sensitivity of 85.7%and specificity of 92.3%.Daniel ECG score 2 points predicted PE with a sensitivity of 83.1% and specificity of 76.9%.The area under curve (AUC)of the ROC curve of the revised Geneva scores and Daniel ECG scores were 0.870 ±0.060 (95%CI:0.752~0.987) (P<0.001) and 0.875 ±0.065 (95%CI:0.748~1.002)(P=0.002), respectively. Conclusion The revised Geneva scores and Daniel ECG scores are beneficial to predict PE. The sensitivity for PE diagnosis can be improved by the two methods combined.%  目的评价修正Geneva评分与Daniel心电图评分对肺栓塞的诊断价值,并探讨两者联用后对肺栓塞诊断的敏感度及特异度的影响。方法疑似肺栓塞患者41例,分别获得修正Geneva评分分值与及Daniel心电图评分分值,再进行肺动脉CTA检查以确诊。应用ROC曲线比较两者对肺栓塞的诊断价值,并观察联合应用后诊断肺栓塞的敏感度及特异度。结果修正Geneva评分对肺栓塞的最佳诊断分值为5分,以≥5分预测肺栓塞,敏感度85.7%,特异度92.3%。Daniel心电图评分对肺栓塞诊断的最佳分值为2分,以≥2分预测肺栓塞,敏感度83.1%,特异度76.9%。修正Geneva评分的AUC为0.870±0.060(P<0.001,95%CI:0.752~0.987)。Daniel心电图评分诊断肺栓塞的AUC为0.875±0.065(P=0.002,95%CI:0.748~1.002,Z=1.016,P>0.05)。结论修正Geneva评分与Daniel心电图评分对肺栓塞均有良好的诊断价值(AUC均在0.7~0.9),但无差异,两

  10. Network Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barabási, Albert-László

    2016-07-01

    Preface; Personal introduction; 1. Introduction; 2. Graph theory; 3. Random networks; 4. The scale-free property; 5. The Barabási-Albert model; 6. Evolving networks; 7. Degree correlation; 8. Network robustness; 9. Communities; 10. Spreading phenomena; Index.

  11. Comparison of the screening effects between Wells and revised Geneva scores on suspected acute pulmonary thromboembolism%Wells与修正Geneva评分急诊筛查肺栓塞的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴伟程; 蔺际; 杨成彬; 吴郁珍; 俞祥玫; 刘加权; 张自立

    2012-01-01

    Objective To compare the screening effects between Wells and revised Geneva scores on suspected acute pulmonary thromboembolism (APTE),and to explore a optimum screening method for APTE in the emergency department of China.Methods The study was carried out by using random,crossed,prospective methods to compare the screening effects between Wells and revised Geneva scores for 167 suspected APTE patients in the emergency department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University.Results The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve of Wells and revised Geneva scores for screening APTE in the emergency department were (0.917 ± 0.022 ) and (0.927 ± 0.020),respectively ( P < 0.05 ).The diagnostic concordance between the two score systems for predicting APTE was poor (Kappa value =0.276 ). In addition, the difference between their hierarchical discrimination for the possibility of APTE was statistically significant ( P < 0.05 ).Compared with revised Geneva score,fewer patients were diagnosed with low clinical probability of APTE and more patients were diagnosed with intermediate or high clinical probability of APTE through Wells score.The patients with low chnical probability of APTE were excluded from pulmonary embolism in Wells or revised Geneva score.At intermediate clinical probability,the accuracy rate of Wells score for predicting APTE (9.64%) was lower than that (32.84% ) of revised Geneva ( P < 0.05 ).At high clinical probability,there was no significant difference between their accuracy rate [ (67.24% vs.86.21%),P>0.05]. Conclusions Revised Geneva score is more suitable than Wells score in screening suspected APTE patients in the emergency department in our country.%目的 比较Wells与修正Geneva评分筛查急性肺栓塞(acute pulmonary thromboembolism,APTE)效果,寻找适合我国急诊科诊断APTE的策略.方法 对厦门大学附属第一医院急诊部诊治的167例疑似APTE患者采用随机、交叉、前瞻

  12. The network researchers' network

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henneberg, Stephan C.; Jiang, Zhizhong; Naudé, Peter

    2009-01-01

    The Industrial Marketing and Purchasing (IMP) Group is a network of academic researchers working in the area of business-to-business marketing. The group meets every year to discuss and exchange ideas, with a conference having been held every year since 1984 (there was no meeting in 1987). In thi......The Industrial Marketing and Purchasing (IMP) Group is a network of academic researchers working in the area of business-to-business marketing. The group meets every year to discuss and exchange ideas, with a conference having been held every year since 1984 (there was no meeting in 1987......). In this paper, based upon the papers presented at the 22 conferences held to date, we undertake a Social Network Analysis in order to examine the degree of co-publishing that has taken place between this group of researchers. We identify the different components in this database, and examine the large main...

  13. 6 November 2013 - Permanent Representative of Chile to the United Nations Office and Other international organizations in Geneva Ambassador J. Balmaceda Serigos signing the guest book with Adviser for Latin America J. Salicio Diez; visiting the ATLAS experimental cavern with Spokesperson D. Charlton (Spouse, Son and First Secretary present).

    CERN Multimedia

    Anna Pantelia

    2013-01-01

    6 November 2013 - Permanent Representative of Chile to the United Nations Office and Other international organizations in Geneva Ambassador J. Balmaceda Serigos signing the guest book with Adviser for Latin America J. Salicio Diez; visiting the ATLAS experimental cavern with Spokesperson D. Charlton (Spouse, Son and First Secretary present).

  14. 14 February 2012 - Ambassadors from Algeria, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chad, Tunisia, Permanent Representatives to the United Nations Office at Geneva in the LHC tunnel at Point 1, ATLAS visitor centre, and ATLAS underground experimental area, throughout accompanied by Advisers P. Fassnacht, E. Tsesmelis and R. Voss

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-Claude Gadmer

    2012-01-01

    14 February 2012 - Ambassadors from Algeria, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chad, Tunisia, Permanent Representatives to the United Nations Office at Geneva in the LHC tunnel at Point 1, ATLAS visitor centre, and ATLAS underground experimental area, throughout accompanied by Advisers P. Fassnacht, E. Tsesmelis and R. Voss

  15. 10 February 2012 - Permanent Representative of the Republic of India to the Conference on Disarmament, United Nations Office at Geneva Ambassador Mehta signing the guest book with International Relations Adviser R. Voss;in the LHC tunnel at Point 2 and ALICE underground experimental area with Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson Y. Schutz.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    10 February 2012 - Permanent Representative of the Republic of India to the Conference on Disarmament, United Nations Office at Geneva Ambassador Mehta signing the guest book with International Relations Adviser R. Voss;in the LHC tunnel at Point 2 and ALICE underground experimental area with Collaboration Deputy Spokesperson Y. Schutz.

  16. Korea's Textile and Clothing Industry still Sees China as a Major Trading Partner——Meeting with Mr. Myeng-keun Ha, V. Chairman of Korea Federation of Textile industries at the First Private Sector Consultative Committee's Meeting chaired by ITCB (Internal Textile and Clothing Bureau)in Geneva this June

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dennis K. Zhao

    2009-01-01

    @@ On June 2-3, International Textile and Clothing Bureau held its inaugural meeting for Private Sector Consultative Committee (PICC) in Geneva on June 2-3 to discuss the issues of common concerns and impacts that challenged textile and clothing sectors against global economic recession.

  17. 3 July 2007 - Ambassador A. Navarro Llanos, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Bolivia to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva signing a Co-operation Agreement concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics with CERN Director General R. Aymar.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    3 July 2007 - Ambassador A. Navarro Llanos, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Bolivia to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva signing a Co-operation Agreement concerning Scientific and Technical Co-operation in High-Energy Physics with CERN Director General R. Aymar.

  18. University of Geneva honours LHC project leader Lyn Evans at 450th anniversary ceremony. The honorary degrees, which recognize endeavours in human rights and in fostering dialogue between nations, were also awarded to Mary Robinson, Desmond Tutu, as well as Pascal Lamy .

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2009-01-01

    University of Geneva honours LHC project leader Lyn Evans at 450th anniversary ceremony. The honorary degrees, which recognize endeavours in human rights and in fostering dialogue between nations, were also awarded to Mary Robinson, Desmond Tutu, as well as Pascal Lamy .

  19. 17th April 2008 - W. W. Tichenor, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva visiting the ATLAS cavern with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and AMS Collaboration Spokesperson S.C.C.Ting.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    17th April 2008 - W. W. Tichenor, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations Office and other international organisations in Geneva visiting the ATLAS cavern with Collaboration Spokesperson P. Jenni and AMS Collaboration Spokesperson S.C.C.Ting.

  20. Britain's delegation to CERN, the European Centre for Nuclear Research near Geneva, voted in favour of a project which take seven years to build, involve a 27 kilometre long tunnel, and cost 230 million pounds. Now LEP receives the go-ahead later this month

    CERN Multimedia

    Llewellyn Smith, Christopher Hubert

    1981-01-01

    Britain's delegation to CERN, the European Centre for Nuclear Research near Geneva, voted in favour of a project which take seven years to build, involve a 27 kilometre long tunnel, and cost 230 million pounds. Now LEP receives the go-ahead later this month