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Sample records for generalizing minimal supergravity

  1. Generalizing minimal supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, Tianjun; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V.

    2010-01-01

    In Grand Unified Theories (GUTs), the Standard Model (SM) gauge couplings need not be unified at the GUT scale due to the high-dimensional operators. Considering gravity mediated supersymmetry breaking, we study for the first time the generic gauge coupling relations at the GUT scale, and the general gaugino mass relations which are valid from the GUT scale to the electroweak scale at one loop. We define the index k for these relations, which can be calculated in GUTs and can be determined at the Large Hadron Collider and the future International Linear Collider. Thus, we give a concrete definition of the GUT scale in these theories, and suggest a new way to test general GUTs at future experiments. We also discuss five special scenarios with interesting possibilities. With our generic formulae, we present all the GUT-scale gauge coupling relations and all the gaugino mass relations in the SU(5) and SO(10) models, and calculate the corresponding indices k. Especially, the index k is 5/3 in the traditional SU(5) and SO(10) models that have been studied extensively so far. Furthermore, we discuss the field theory realization of the U(1) flux effects on the SM gauge kinetic functions in F-theory GUTs, and calculate their indices k as well.

  2. Minimal constrained supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cribiori, N. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Dall' Agata, G., E-mail: dallagat@pd.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Farakos, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Porrati, M. [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003 (United States)

    2017-01-10

    We describe minimal supergravity models where supersymmetry is non-linearly realized via constrained superfields. We show that the resulting actions differ from the so called “de Sitter” supergravities because we consider constraints eliminating directly the auxiliary fields of the gravity multiplet.

  3. Minimal constrained supergravity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Cribiori

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We describe minimal supergravity models where supersymmetry is non-linearly realized via constrained superfields. We show that the resulting actions differ from the so called “de Sitter” supergravities because we consider constraints eliminating directly the auxiliary fields of the gravity multiplet.

  4. Minimal constrained supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cribiori, N.; Dall'Agata, G.; Farakos, F.; Porrati, M.

    2017-01-01

    We describe minimal supergravity models where supersymmetry is non-linearly realized via constrained superfields. We show that the resulting actions differ from the so called “de Sitter” supergravities because we consider constraints eliminating directly the auxiliary fields of the gravity multiplet.

  5. General f(R and conformal inflation from minimal supergravity plus matter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horatiu Nastase

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available We embed general f(R inflationary models in minimal supergravity plus matter, a single chiral superfield Φ, with or without another superfield S, via a Jordan frame Einstein+scalar description. In particular, inflationary models like a generalized Starobinsky one are analyzed and constraints on them are found. We also embed the related models of conformal inflation, also described as Jordan frame Einstein+scalar models, in particular the conformal inflation from the Higgs model, and analyze the inflationary constraints on them.

  6. The supersymmetric generalized modified KdV hierarchy and odd minimal superconformal field theories coupled to 2D supergravity: 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Awada, M.A.

    1990-01-01

    We further study the universal equations of the supersymmetric modified KdV (MKdV) hierarchy in its generalized form. We show that these equations describe the dynamical quantum equations of the odd series of N = 1 minimal (p,q) superconformal field theory coupled to N = 1 supergravity in particular those unitary series with p = 2k + 3, and q = 2k = 1. The string susceptibility of these models is γ sstr. (0) = -2/2k + 1. We demonstrate explicitly the cases k = 2; and k = 3. 10 refs

  7. I in generalized supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Araujo, T.; O Colgain, E. [Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Sakamoto, J.; Yoshida, K. [Kyoto University, Department of Physics, Kyoto (Japan); Sheikh-Jabbari, M.M. [Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), School of Physics, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2017-11-15

    We showed in previous work that for homogeneous Yang-Baxter (YB) deformations of AdS{sub 5} x S{sup 5} the open string metric and coupling and as a result the closed string density e{sup -2Φ}√(g) remain undeformed. In this work, in addition to extending these results to the deformation associated with the modified CYBE or η-deformation, we identify the Page forms as the open string counterpart for RR fields and demonstrate case by case that the non-zero Page forms remain invariant under YB deformations. We give a physical meaning to the Killing vector I of generalized supergravity and show for all YB deformations: (1) I appears as a current for the center of mass motion on the worldvolume of a D-brane probing the background, (2) I is equal to the divergence of the noncommutativity parameter, (3) I exhibits ''holographic'' behavior where the radial component of I vanishes at the AdS boundary and (4) in pure spinor formalism I is related to a certain state in the BRST cohomology. (orig.)

  8. Gravitino problem in minimal supergravity inflation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuminori Hasegawa

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available We study non-thermal gravitino production in the minimal supergravity inflation. In this minimal model utilizing orthogonal nilpotent superfields, the particle spectrum includes only graviton, gravitino, inflaton, and goldstino. We find that a substantial fraction of the cosmic energy density can be transferred to the longitudinal gravitino due to non-trivial change of its sound speed. This implies either a breakdown of the effective theory after inflation or a serious gravitino problem.

  9. Gravitino problem in minimal supergravity inflation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hasegawa, Fuminori [Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan); Mukaida, Kyohei [Kavli IPMU (WPI), UTIAS, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Nakayama, Kazunori [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 133-0033 (Japan); Terada, Takahiro, E-mail: terada@kias.re.kr [School of Physics, Korea Institute for Advanced Study (KIAS), Seoul 02455 (Korea, Republic of); Yamada, Yusuke [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics and Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

    2017-04-10

    We study non-thermal gravitino production in the minimal supergravity inflation. In this minimal model utilizing orthogonal nilpotent superfields, the particle spectrum includes only graviton, gravitino, inflaton, and goldstino. We find that a substantial fraction of the cosmic energy density can be transferred to the longitudinal gravitino due to non-trivial change of its sound speed. This implies either a breakdown of the effective theory after inflation or a serious gravitino problem.

  10. Generalized IIB supergravity from exceptional field theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baguet, Arnaud; Magro, Marc; Samtleben, Henning [Laboratoire de Physique, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Ens de Lyon, CNRS,F-69342 Lyon (France)

    2017-03-20

    The background underlying the η-deformed AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} sigma-model is known to satisfy a generalization of the IIB supergravity equations. Their solutions are related by T-duality to solutions of type IIA supergravity with non-isometric linear dilaton. We show how the generalized IIB supergravity equations can be naturally obtained from exceptional field theory. Within this manifestly duality covariant formulation of maximal supergravity, the generalized IIB supergravity equations emerge upon imposing on the fields a simple Scherk-Schwarz ansatz which respects the section constraint.

  11. Minimal N=4 topologically massive supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuzenko, Sergei M. [School of Physics M013, The University of Western Australia,35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia); Novak, Joseph [Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut,Am Mühlenberg 1, D-14476 Golm (Germany); Sachs, Ivo [Arnold Sommerfeld Center for Theoretical Physics, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität,Theresienstraße 37, D-80333 München (Germany)

    2017-03-21

    Using the superconformal framework, we construct a new off-shell model for N=4 topologically massive supergravity which is minimal in the sense that it makes use of a single compensating vector multiplet and involves no free parameter. As such, it provides a counterexample to the common lore that two compensating multiplets are required within the conformal approach to supergravity with eight supercharges in diverse dimensions. This theory is an off-shell N=4 supersymmetric extension of chiral gravity. All of its solutions correspond to non-conformally flat superspaces. Its maximally supersymmetric solutions include the so-called critical (4,0) anti-de Sitter superspace introduced in https://www.doi.org/10.1007/JHEP08(2012)024, and well as warped critical (4,0) anti-de Sitter superspaces. We also propose a dual formulation for the theory in which the vector multiplet is replaced with an off-shell hypermultiplet. Upon elimination of the auxiliary fields belonging to the hypermultiplet and imposing certain gauge conditions, the dual action reduces to the one introduced in https://www.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.94.065028.

  12. Minimal set of auxiliary fields and S-matrix for extended supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fradkin, E S; Vasiliev, M A [Physical Lebedev Institute - Moscow

    1979-05-19

    Minimal set of auxiliary fields for linearized SO(2) supergravity and one-parameter extension of the minimal auxiliary fields in the SO(1) supergravity are constructed. The expression for the S-matrix in SO(2) supergravity are given.

  13. AdS5 magnetized solutions in minimal gauged supergravity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Luis Blázquez-Salcedo

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available We construct a generalization of the AdS charged rotating black holes with two equal magnitude angular momenta in five-dimensional minimal gauged supergravity. In addition to the mass, electric charge and angular momentum, the new solutions possess an extra-parameter associated with a non-zero magnitude of the magnetic potential at infinity. In contrast with the known cases, these new black holes possess a non-trivial zero-horizon size limit which describes a one parameter family of spinning charged solitons. All configurations reported in this work approach asymptotically an AdS5 spacetime in global coordinates and are free of pathologies.

  14. The electroweak phase transition in minimal supergravity models

    CERN Document Server

    Nanopoulos, Dimitri V

    1994-01-01

    We have explored the electroweak phase transition in minimal supergravity models by extending previous analysis of the one-loop Higgs potential to include finite temperature effects. Minimal supergravity is characterized by two higgs doublets at the electroweak scale, gauge coupling unification, and universal soft-SUSY breaking at the unification scale. We have searched for the allowed parameter space that avoids washout of baryon number via unsuppressed anomalous Electroweak sphaleron processes after the phase transition. This requirement imposes strong constraints on the Higgs sector. With respect to weak scale baryogenesis, we find that the generic MSSM is {\\it not} phenomenologically acceptable, and show that the additional experimental and consistency constraints of minimal supergravity restricts the mass of the lightest CP-even Higgs even further to $m_h\\lsim 32\\GeV$ (at one loop), also in conflict with experiment. Thus, if supergravity is to allow for baryogenesis via any other mechanism above the weak...

  15. Invariants for minimal conformal supergravity in six dimensions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butter, Daniel [Nikhef Theory Group,Science Park 105, 1098 XG Amsterdam (Netherlands); Kuzenko, Sergei M. [School of Physics M013, The University of Western Australia,35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia); Novak, Joseph; Theisen, Stefan [Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut,Am Mühlenberg 1, D-14476 Golm (Germany)

    2016-12-15

    We develop a new off-shell formulation for six-dimensional conformal supergravity obtained by gauging the 6D N=(1,0) superconformal algebra in superspace. This formulation is employed to construct two invariants for 6D N=(1,0) conformal supergravity, which contain C{sup 3} and C◻C terms at the component level. Using a conformal supercurrent analysis, we prove that these exhaust all such invariants in minimal conformal supergravity. Finally, we show how to construct the supersymmetric F◻F invariant in curved superspace.

  16. Supergravity field theories and the art of constructing them

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Freedman, D.Z.

    1977-01-01

    The review of supergravity field theories includes global supersymmetry, supergravity, extended supergravity, minimal gauge coupling for spin-3/2 fields, and the general strategy of supergravity constructions. 39 references

  17. Generalized Attractor Points in Gauged Supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kachru, Shamit; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SLAC; Kallosh, Renata; /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Shmakova, Marina; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.

    2011-08-15

    The attractor mechanism governs the near-horizon geometry of extremal black holes in ungauged 4D N=2 supergravity theories and in Calabi-Yau compactifications of string theory. In this paper, we study a natural generalization of this mechanism to solutions of arbitrary 4D N=2 gauged supergravities. We define generalized attractor points as solutions of an ansatz which reduces the Einstein, gauge field, and scalar equations of motion to algebraic equations. The simplest generalized attractor geometries are characterized by non-vanishing constant anholonomy coefficients in an orthonormal frame. Basic examples include Lifshitz and Schroedinger solutions, as well as AdS and dS vacua. There is a generalized attractor potential whose critical points are the attractor points, and its extremization explains the algebraic nature of the equations governing both supersymmetric and non-supersymmetric attractors.

  18. On minimal coupling of the ABC-superparticle to supergravity background

    OpenAIRE

    Galajinsky, A. V.; Gitman, D. M.

    1998-01-01

    By rigorous application of the Hamiltonian methods we show that the ABC-formulation of the Siegel superparticle admits consistent minimal coupling to external supergravity. The consistency check proves to involve all the supergravity constraints.

  19. Minimal scalar-less matter-coupled supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dall' Agata, Gianguido, E-mail: dallagat@pd.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Centre de Physique Théorique, École Polytechnique, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, F-91128 Palaiseau (France); Ferrara, Sergio [Theory Unit, Physics Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Via Enrico Fermi 40, I-00044 Frascati (Italy); Department of Physics and Astronomy, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Zwirner, Fabio [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Theory Unit, Physics Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland)

    2016-01-10

    We build the minimal supergravity model where the nilpotent chiral goldstino superfield is coupled to a chiral matter superfield, realising a different non-linear representation through a mixed nilpotency constraint. The model describes the spontaneous breaking of local supersymmetry in the presence of a generically massive Majorana fermion, but in the absence of elementary scalars. The sign and the size of the cosmological constant, the spectrum and the four-fermion interactions are controlled by suitable parameters.

  20. Minimal scalar-less matter-coupled supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Dall'Agata, Gianguido; Zwirner, Fabio

    2016-01-01

    We build the minimal supergravity model where the nilpotent chiral goldstino superfield is coupled to a chiral matter superfield, realising a different non-linear representation through a mixed nilpotency constraint. The model describes the spontaneous breaking of local supersymmetry in the presence of a generically massive Majorana fermion, but in the absence of elementary scalars. The sign and the size of the cosmological constant, the spectrum and the four-fermion interactions are controlled by suitable parameters.

  1. Generalized supersymmetric cosmological term in N=1 supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Concha, P.K.; Rodríguez, E.K. [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Concepción,Casilla 160-C, Concepción (Chile); Dipartimento di Scienza Applicata e Tecnologia (DISAT), Politecnico di Torino,Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Torino (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) Sezione di Torino,Via Pietro Giuria 1, 10125 Torino (Italy); Salgado, P. [Departamento de Física, Universidad de Concepción,Casilla 160-C, Concepción (Chile)

    2015-08-04

    An alternative way of introducing the supersymmetric cosmological term in a supergravity theory is presented. We show that the AdS-Lorentz superalgebra allows to construct a geometrical formulation of supergravity containing a generalized supersymmetric cosmological constant. The N=1, D=4 supergravity action is built only from the curvatures of the AdS-Lorentz superalgebra and corresponds to a MacDowell-Mansouri like action. The extension to a generalized AdS-Lorentz superalgebra is also analyzed.

  2. Supersymmetric solutions of minimal gauged supergravity in five dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gauntlett, Jerome P.; Gutowski, Jan B.

    2003-01-01

    All purely bosonic supersymmetric solutions of minimal gauged supergravity in five dimensions are classified. The solutions fall into two classes depending on whether the Killing vector constructed from the Killing spinor is timelike or null. When it is timelike, the solutions are determined by a four-dimensional Kaehler base manifold, up to an antiholomorphic function, are necessarily not static, and generically preserve 1/2 of the supersymmetry. When it is null we provide a precise prescription for constructing the solutions and we show that they generically preserve 1/4 of the supersymmetry. We show that five-dimensional anti-de Sitter space (AdS 5 ) is the unique maximally supersymmetric configuration. The formalism is used to construct some new solutions, including a nonsingular deformation of AdS 5 , which can be uplifted to obtain new solutions of type IIB supergravity

  3. On timelike supersymmetric solutions of gauged minimal 5-dimensional supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chimento, Samuele; Ortín, Tomás [Instituto de Física Teórica UAM/CSIC,C/Nicolás Cabrera, 13-15, C.University Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid (Spain)

    2017-04-04

    We analyze the timelike supersymmetric solutions of minimal gauged 5-dimensional supergravity for the case in which the Kähler base manifold admits a holomorphic isometry and depends on two real functions satisfying a simple second-order differential equation. Using this general form of the base space, the equations satisfied by the building blocks of the solutions become of, at most, fourth degree and can be solved by simple polynomic ansatzs. In this way we construct two 3-parameter families of solutions that contain almost all the timelike supersymmetric solutions of this theory with one angular momentum known so far and a few more: the (singular) supersymmetric Reissner-Nordström-AdS solutions, the three exact supersymmetric solutions describing the three near-horizon geometries found by Gutowski and Reall, three 1-parameter asymptotically-AdS{sub 5} black-hole solutions with those three near-horizon geometries (Gutowski and Reall’s black hole being one of them), three generalizations of the Gödel universe and a few potentially homogenous solutions. A key rôle in finding these solutions is played by our ability to write AdS{sub 5}’s Kähler base space ( (ℂℙ)-bar {sup 2} or SU(1,2)/U(2)) is three different, yet simple, forms associated to three different isometries. Furthermore, our ansatz for the Kähler metric also allows us to study the dimensional compactification of the theory and its solutions in a systematic way.

  4. Supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Witt, B. de

    2002-01-01

    It is a comprehensive introduction to supergravities in different dimensions and with various numbers of supersymmetries. Topics covered include the allowed low-energy couplings, duality symmetries, compactification and supersymmetries in curved backgrounds. This document is made up of 7 chapters: 1) introduction, 2) supersymmetry in various dimensions, 3) supergravity, 4) homogeneous spaces and non-linear sigma models, 5) gauged maximal supergravity in 4 and 5 dimensions, 6) supersymmetry in anti-Sitter space, and 7) superconformal symmetry. (A.C.)

  5. Frequentist analysis of the parameter space of minimal supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buchmueller, O.; Colling, D. [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom). High Energy Physics Group; Cavanaugh, R. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL (United States); Illinois Univ., Chicago, IL (US). Physics Dept.] (and others)

    2010-12-15

    We make a frequentist analysis of the parameter space of minimal supergravity (mSUGRA), in which, as well as the gaugino and scalar soft supersymmetry-breaking parameters being universal, there is a specific relation between the trilinear, bilinear and scalar supersymmetry-breaking parameters, A{sub 0}=B{sub 0}+m{sub 0}, and the gravitino mass is fixed by m{sub 3/2}=m{sub 0}. We also consider a more general model, in which the gravitino mass constraint is relaxed (the VCMSSM). We combine in the global likelihood function the experimental constraints from low-energy electroweak precision data, the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, the lightest Higgs boson mass M{sub h}, B physics and the astrophysical cold dark matter density, assuming that the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) is a neutralino. In the VCMSSM, we find a preference for values of m{sub 1/2} and m{sub 0} similar to those found previously in frequentist analyses of the constrained MSSM (CMSSM) and a model with common non-universal Higgs masses (NUHM1). On the other hand, in mSUGRA we find two preferred regions: one with larger values of both m{sub 1/2} and m{sub 0} than in the VCMSSM, and one with large m{sub 0} but small m{sub 1/2}. We compare the probabilities of the frequentist fits in mSUGRA, the VCMSSM, the CMSSM and the NUHM1: the probability that mSUGRA is consistent with the present data is significantly less than in the other models. We also discuss the mSUGRA and VCMSSM predictions for sparticle masses and other observables, identifying potential signatures at the LHC and elsewhere. (orig.)

  6. Critical N = (1, 1) general massive supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deger, Nihat Sadik; Moutsopoulos, George; Rosseel, Jan

    2018-04-01

    In this paper we study the supermultiplet structure of N = (1, 1) General Massive Supergravity at non-critical and critical points of its parameter space. To do this, we first linearize the theory around its maximally supersymmetric AdS3 vacuum and obtain the full linearized Lagrangian including fermionic terms. At generic values, linearized modes can be organized as two massless and 2 massive multiplets where supersymmetry relates them in the standard way. At critical points logarithmic modes appear and we find that in three of such points some of the supersymmetry transformations are non-invertible in logarithmic multiplets. However, in the fourth critical point, there is a massive logarithmic multiplet with invertible supersymmetry transformations.

  7. Phenomenology of R-parity violating minimal supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bernhardt, M.A.

    2008-02-01

    We investigate in detail the low-energy spectrum of the P 6 violating minimal supergravity model using the SOFTSUSY spectrum code. We impose the experimental constraints from the measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (g-2) μ , the b→sγ decay, the branching ration of B s →μ + μ - , as well as the mass bound from direct searches at colliders, in particular the Higgs boson and the lightest Chargino. We focus on regions, where the lightest neutralino is not the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP). In these regions of parameter space either the lightest scalar tau or one of the sneutrinos is the LSP. We suggest four benchmark points with typical spectra and novel collider signatures which we investigate with a parton level Monte-Carlo simulation. We give an outlook for their detailed phenomenological analysis and simulation by the LHC collaborations, then including detector effects. In addition, we discuss a full Monte-Carlo simulation for single slepton production in association with a single top quark via an LQD type operator at the hadron colliders LHC and Tevatron. We present these results and show a predicted range of detectability for this process- for small couplings in various minimal supergravity models at the LHC. (orig.)

  8. Phenomenology of R-parity violating minimal supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernhardt, M.A.

    2008-02-15

    We investigate in detail the low-energy spectrum of the P{sub 6} violating minimal supergravity model using the SOFTSUSY spectrum code. We impose the experimental constraints from the measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon (g-2){sub {mu}}, the b{yields}s{gamma} decay, the branching ration of B{sub s}{yields}{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}, as well as the mass bound from direct searches at colliders, in particular the Higgs boson and the lightest Chargino. We focus on regions, where the lightest neutralino is not the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP). In these regions of parameter space either the lightest scalar tau or one of the sneutrinos is the LSP. We suggest four benchmark points with typical spectra and novel collider signatures which we investigate with a parton level Monte-Carlo simulation. We give an outlook for their detailed phenomenological analysis and simulation by the LHC collaborations, then including detector effects. In addition, we discuss a full Monte-Carlo simulation for single slepton production in association with a single top quark via an LQD type operator at the hadron colliders LHC and Tevatron. We present these results and show a predicted range of detectability for this process- for small couplings in various minimal supergravity models at the LHC. (orig.)

  9. Supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Freedman, Daniel Z

    2012-01-01

    Supergravity, together with string theory, is one of the most significant developments in theoretical physics. Written by two of the most respected workers in the field, this is the first-ever authoritative and systematic account of supergravity. The book starts by reviewing aspects of relativistic field theory in Minkowski spacetime. After introducing the relevant ingredients of differential geometry and gravity, some basic supergravity theories (D=4 and D=11) and the main gauge theory tools are explained. In the second half of the book, complex geometry and N=1 and N=2 supergravity theories are covered. Classical solutions and a chapter on AdS/CFT complete the book. Numerous exercises and examples make it ideal for Ph.D. students, and with applications to model building, cosmology and solutions of supergravity theories, it is also invaluable to researchers.

  10. Naturalness reach of the large hadron collider in minimal supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Allanach, B.C.; Hetherington, J.P.J.; Parker, M.A.; Webber, B.R.

    2000-01-01

    We re-analyse the prospects of discovering supersymmetry at the LHC, in order to re-express coverage in terms of a fine-tuning parameter and to extend the analysis to scalar masses (m 0 ) above 2 TeV. We use minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) unification assumptions for the SUSY breaking parameters. Such high values of m 0 have recently been found to have a focus point, leading to relatively low fine-tuning. In addition, improvements in the simulations since the last study mean that this region no longer lacks radiative electroweak symmetry breaking. The best fine tuning reach is found in a mono-leptonic channel, where for μ>0, A 0 =0 and tan β=10 (corresponding to the focus point), all points in mSUGRA with m 0 0 , mSUGRA does not evade detection provided the gaugino mass parameter M 1/2 < 460 GeV. (author)

  11. Hawking and Unruh Effects of a 5-Dimensional Minimal Gauged Supergravity Black Hole by a Global Embedding Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-Chun Zhang

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Using the new global embedding approach we investigate Unruh/Hawking temperature of the 5-dimensional minimal gauged supergravity black hole with double rotating parameters in a general (1 + 1 space-time. Our results verify that views of Banerjee and Majhi, and extend this approach to a higher dimension situation.

  12. The tensor calculus and matter coupling of the alternative minimal auxiliary field formulation of N = 1 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sohnius, M.; West, P.

    1982-01-01

    The tensor calculus for the new alternative minimal auxiliary field formulation of N = 1 supergravity is given. It is used to construct the couplings of this formulation of supergravity to matter. These couplings are found to be different, in several respects to those of the old minimal formulation of N = 1 supergravity. (orig.)

  13. Split Attractor Flow in N=2 Minimally Coupled Supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Sergio; Orazi, Emanuele

    2011-01-01

    We classify the stability region, marginal stability walls (MS) and split attractor flows for two-center extremal black holes in four-dimensional N=2 supergravity minimally coupled to n vector multiplets. It is found that two-center (continuous) charge orbits, classified by four duality invariants, either support a stability region ending on a MS wall or on an anti-marginal stability (AMS) wall, but not both. Therefore, the scalar manifold never contains both walls. Moreover, the BPS mass of the black hole composite (in its stability region) never vanishes in the scalar manifold. For these reasons, the "bound state transformation walls" phenomenon does not necessarily occur in these theories. The entropy of the flow trees also satisfies an inequality which forbids "entropy enigma" decays in these models. Finally, the non-BPS case, due to the existence of a "fake" superpotential satisfying a triangle inequality, can be treated as well, and it can be shown to exhibit a split attractor flow dynamics which, at le...

  14. Naturalness Reach of the Large Hadron Collider in Minimal Supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Allanach, B.C.; Parker, Michael Andrew; Webber, B.R.

    2000-01-01

    We re-analyse the prospects of discovering supersymmetry at the LHC, in order to re-express coverage in terms of a fine-tuning parameter and to extend the analysis to scalar masses (m_0) above 2 TeV. We use minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) unification assumptions for the SUSY breaking parameters. Such high values of m_0 have recently been found to have a focus point, leading to relatively low fine-tuning. In addition, improvements in the simulations since the last study mean that this region no longer lacks radiative electroweak symmetry breaking. The best fine tuning reach is found in a mono-leptonic channel, where for mu>0, A_0=0 and tan beta=10 (corresponding to the focus point), all points in mSUGRA with m_0 < 4000 GeV, with a fine tuning measure up to 300 (570) are covered by the search, where the definition of fine-tuning excludes (includes) the contribution from the top Yukawa coupling. Even for arbitrarily high m_0, mSUGRA does not evade detection provided the gaugino mass parameter M_{1/2} < 460 G...

  15. Generalized Killing-Yano equations in D=5 gauged supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kubiznak, David; Kunduri, Hari K.; Yasui, Yukinori

    2009-01-01

    We propose a generalization of the (conformal) Killing-Yano equations relevant to D=5 minimal gauged supergravity. The generalization stems from the fact that the dual of the Maxwell flux, the 3-form *F, couples naturally to particles in the background as a 'torsion'. Killing-Yano tensors in the presence of torsion preserve most of the properties of the standard Killing-Yano tensors - exploited recently for the higher-dimensional rotating black holes of vacuum gravity with cosmological constant. In particular, the generalized closed conformal Killing-Yano 2-form gives rise to the tower of generalized closed conformal Killing-Yano tensors of increasing rank which in turn generate the tower of Killing tensors. An example of a generalized Killing-Yano tensor is found for the Chong-Cvetic-Lue-Pope black hole spacetime [Z.W. Chong, M. Cvetic, H. Lu, C.N. Pope, (hep-th/0506029)]. Such a tensor stands behind the separability of the Hamilton-Jacobi, Klein-Gordon, and Dirac equations in this background.

  16. Forced fluid dynamics from blackfolds in general supergravity backgrounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Armas, Jay [Physique Théorique et Mathématique,Université Libre de Bruxelles and International Solvay Institutes,ULB-Campus Plaine CP231, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Gath, Jakob [Centre de Physique Théorique, École Polytechnique,CNRS UMR 7644, Université Paris-Saclay,F-91128 Palaiseau (France); Niarchos, Vasilis [Crete Center for Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical and Computational Physics,Crete Center for Quantum Complexity and Nanotechnology,Department of Physics, University of Crete,Heraklion, 71303 (Greece); Obers, Niels A.; Pedersen, Andreas Vigand [The Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen University,Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen Ø (Denmark)

    2016-10-27

    We present a general treatment of the leading order dynamics of the collective modes of charged dilatonic p-brane solutions of (super)gravity theories in arbitrary backgrounds. To this end we employ the general strategy of the blackfold approach which is based on a long-wavelength derivative expansion around an exact or approximate solution of the (super)gravity equations of motion. The resulting collective mode equations are formulated as forced hydrodynamic equations on dynamically embedded hypersurfaces. We derive them in full generality (including all possible asymptotic fluxes and dilaton profiles) in a far-zone analysis of the (super)gravity equations and in representative examples in a near-zone analysis. An independent treatment based on the study of external couplings in hydrostatic partition functions is also presented. Special emphasis is given to the forced collective mode equations that arise in type IIA/B and eleven-dimensional supergravities, where besides the standard Lorentz force couplings our analysis reveals additional couplings to the background, including terms that arise from Chern-Simons interactions. We also present a general overview of the blackfold approach and some of the key conceptual issues that arise when applied to arbitrary backgrounds.

  17. Supergravity contributions to inflation in models with non-minimal coupling to gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Das, Kumar; Dutta, Koushik [Theory Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF Saltlake, Kolkata 700064 (India); Domcke, Valerie, E-mail: kumar.das@saha.ac.in, E-mail: valerie.domcke@apc.univ-paris7.fr, E-mail: koushik.dutta@saha.ac.in [AstroParticule et Cosmologie (APC), Paris Centre for Cosmological Physics (PCCP), Université Paris Diderot, 75013 Paris (France)

    2017-03-01

    This paper provides a systematic study of supergravity contributions relevant for inflationary model building in Jordan frame supergravity. In this framework, canonical kinetic terms in the Jordan frame result in the separation of the Jordan frame scalar potential into a tree-level term and a supergravity contribution which is potentially dangerous for sustaining inflation. We show that if the vacuum energy necessary for driving inflation originates dominantly from the F-term of an auxiliary field (i.e. not the inflaton), the supergravity corrections to the Jordan frame scalar potential are generically suppressed. Moreover, these supergravity contributions identically vanish if the superpotential vanishes along the inflationary trajectory. On the other hand, if the F-term associated with the inflaton dominates the vacuum energy, the supergravity contributions are generically comparable to the globally supersymmetric contributions. In addition, the non-minimal coupling to gravity inherent to Jordan frame supergravity significantly impacts the inflationary model depending on the size and sign of this coupling. We discuss the phenomenology of some representative inflationary models, and point out the relation to the recently much discussed cosmological 'attractor' models.

  18. Supergravity contributions to inflation in models with non-minimal coupling to gravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Das, Kumar; Dutta, Koushik; Domcke, Valerie

    2017-01-01

    This paper provides a systematic study of supergravity contributions relevant for inflationary model building in Jordan frame supergravity. In this framework, canonical kinetic terms in the Jordan frame result in the separation of the Jordan frame scalar potential into a tree-level term and a supergravity contribution which is potentially dangerous for sustaining inflation. We show that if the vacuum energy necessary for driving inflation originates dominantly from the F-term of an auxiliary field (i.e. not the inflaton), the supergravity corrections to the Jordan frame scalar potential are generically suppressed. Moreover, these supergravity contributions identically vanish if the superpotential vanishes along the inflationary trajectory. On the other hand, if the F-term associated with the inflaton dominates the vacuum energy, the supergravity contributions are generically comparable to the globally supersymmetric contributions. In addition, the non-minimal coupling to gravity inherent to Jordan frame supergravity significantly impacts the inflationary model depending on the size and sign of this coupling. We discuss the phenomenology of some representative inflationary models, and point out the relation to the recently much discussed cosmological 'attractor' models.

  19. Hidden symmetries in minimal five-dimensional supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poessel, Markus; Silva, Sebastian

    2004-01-01

    We study the hidden symmetries arising in the dimensional reduction of d=5, N=2 supergravity to three dimensions. Extending previous partial results for the bosonic part, we give a derivation that includes fermionic terms, shedding light on the appearance of the local hidden symmetry SO(4) in the reduction

  20. Building a better minimal supergravity: WIMP dark matter without flavor violation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Craig, Nathaniel J.; Green, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    The appearance of a natural dark matter candidate, the neutralino, is among the principal successes of minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) and its descendents. In lieu of a suitable ultraviolet completion, however, theories of gravity-mediated supersymmetry breaking such as mSUGRA suffer from arbitrary degrees of flavor violation. Though theories of gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking are free from such prohibitive flavor violation, they typically lack natural neutralino dark matter candidates. Yet this conventional dichotomy breaks down when the hidden sector is strongly coupled; in models of gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking, the neutralino may be the lightest supersymmetric particle if the fields of the hidden sector possess large anomalous dimensions. In fact, general models of so-called 'sequestered' gauge mediation possess the full richness of neutralino dark matter found in mSUGRA without corresponding flavor problems. Here we explore generalized models of sequestered gauge mediation and the rich variety of neutralino dark matter they exhibit.

  1. Supersymmetric solutions of N =(1 ,1 ) general massive supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deger, N. S.; Nazari, Z.; Sarıoǧlu, Ö.

    2018-05-01

    We construct supersymmetric solutions of three-dimensional N =(1 ,1 ) general massive supergravity (GMG). Solutions with a null Killing vector are, in general, pp-waves. We identify those that appear at critical points of the model, some of which do not exist in N =(1 ,1 ) new massive supergravity (NMG). In the timelike case, we find that many solutions are common with NMG, but there is a new class that is genuine to GMG, two members of which are stationary Lifshitz and timelike squashed AdS spacetimes. We also show that in addition to the fully supersymmetric AdS vacuum, there is a second AdS background with a nonzero vector field that preserves 1 /4 supersymmetry.

  2. Generalized curvature and the equations of D=11 supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bandos, Igor A. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad de Valencia and IFIC (CSIC-UVEG), 46100-Burjassot (Valencia) (Spain); Institute for Theoretical Physics, NSC ' Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology' , UA-61108 Kharkov (Ukraine); Azcarraga, Jose A. de [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad de Valencia and IFIC (CSIC-UVEG), 46100-Burjassot (Valencia) (Spain)]. E-mail: j.a.de.azcarraga@ific.uv.es; Picon, Moises [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad de Valencia and IFIC (CSIC-UVEG), 46100-Burjassot (Valencia) (Spain); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-2535 (United States); Varela, Oscar [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad de Valencia and IFIC (CSIC-UVEG), 46100-Burjassot (Valencia) (Spain); Michigan Center for Theoretical Physics, Randall Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1120 (United States)

    2005-05-26

    It is known that, for zero fermionic sector, {psi}{sub {mu}}{sup {alpha}}(x)=0, the bosonic equations of Cremmer-Julia-Scherk eleven-dimensional supergravity can be collected in a compact expression, Rab{alpha}{gamma}{gamma}b{gamma}{beta}=0, which is a condition on the curvature R{alpha}{beta} of the generalized connection w. In this Letter we show that the equation Rbc{alpha}{gamma}{gamma}abc{gamma}{beta}=4i((D-bar {psi}){sub bc}{gamma}{sup [abc{sub {beta}({psi}{sub d}{gamma}{sup d}]){sub {alpha}}), where D-bar is the covariant derivative for the generalized connection w, collects all the bosonic equations of D=11 supergravity when the gravitino is nonvanishing, {psi}{sub {mu}}{sup {alpha}}(x)<>0.

  3. Hawking radiation via anomaly cancellation for the black holes of five-dimensional minimal gauged supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Porfyriadis, Achilleas P.

    2009-01-01

    The anomaly cancellation method proposed by Wilczek et al. is applied to the general charged rotating black holes in five-dimensional minimal gauged supergravity. Thus Hawking temperature and fluxes are found. The Hawking temperature obtained agrees with the surface gravity formula. The black holes have charge and two unequal angular momenta, and these give rise to appropriate terms in the effective U(1) gauge field of the reduced (1+1)-dimensional theory. In particular, it is found that the terms in this U(1) gauge field correspond exactly to the correct electrostatic potential and the two angular velocities on the horizon of the black holes, and so the results for the Hawking fluxes derived here from the anomaly cancellation method are in complete agreement with the ones obtained from integrating the Planck distribution.

  4. On matter couplings in N=1 supergravities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Galperin, A.; Ogievskiy, V.; Sokatchev, E.

    1983-01-01

    A flexible version of N=1 supergravity is proposed. It contains 28+28 fields and is an extension of the new minimal supergravity version. Matter couplings in various N=1 supergravity versions are discussed. The chiral densities are constructed for non-minimal and flexible versions. Therefore these versions admit a general R-non-invariant matter coupling as the minimal supergravity does. A modified Fayet-Iliopoulos type mechanism is conjectured which apparently can work in the non-minimal and flexible versions without R-symmetry of the superpotential unlike the minimal and new minimal ones

  5. Fermilab Tevatron and CERN LEP II probes of minimal and string-motivated supergravity models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baer, H.; Gunion, J.F.; Kao, C.; Pois, H.

    1995-01-01

    We explore the ability of the Fermilab Tevatron to probe minimal supersymmetry with high-energy-scale boundary conditions motivated by supersymmetry breaking in the context of minimal and string-motivated supergravity theory. A number of boundary condition possibilities are considered: dilatonlike string boundary conditions applied at the standard GUT unification scale or alternatively at the string scale; and extreme (''no-scale'') minimal supergravity boundary conditions imposed at the GUT scale or string scale. For numerous specific cases within each scenario the sparticle spectra are computed and then fed into ISAGET 7.07 so that explicit signatures can be examined in detail. We find that, for some of the boundary condition choices, large regions of parameter space can be explored via same-sign dilepton and isolated trilepton signals. For other choices, the mass reach of Tevatron collider experiments is much more limited. We also compare the mass reach of Tevatron experiments with the corresponding reach at CERN LEP 200

  6. Precision electroweak tests of the minimal and flipped SU(5) supergravity models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez, J.L.; Nanopoulos, D.V.; Park, G.T.; Pois, H.; Yuan, K. (Center for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics, Texas A M University, College Station, Texas 77843-4242 (United States) Astroparticle Physics Group, Houston Advanced Research Center (HARC), The Woodlands, Texas 77381 (United States))

    1993-10-01

    We explore the one-loop electroweak radiative corrections in the minimal SU(5) and the no-scale flipped SU(5) supergravity models via explicit calculation of vacuum polarization contributions to the [epsilon][sub 1,2,3] parameters. Experimentally, [epsilon][sub 1,2,3] are obtained from a global fit to the CERN LEP observables, and [ital M][sub [ital W

  7. Minimal Higgs branch for the breaking of half of the supersymmetries in N=2 supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Sergio; Porrati, Massimo

    1996-01-01

    It is shown that the minimal Higgs sector of a generic N=2 supergravity theory with unbroken N=1 supersymmetry must contain a Higgs hypermultiplet and a vector multiplet. When the multiplets parametrize the quaternionic manifold SO(4,1)/SO(4), and the special Kahler manifold SU(1,1)/U(1), respectively, a vanishing vacuum energy with a sliding massive spin 3/2 multiplet is obtained. Potential applications to N=2 low energy effective actions of superstrings are briefly discussed.

  8. On the topology of the inflaton field in minimal supergravity models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrara, Sergio [Physics Department, Theory Unit, CERN,CH 1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); INFN - Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati,Via Enrico Fermi 40, I-00044, Frascati (Italy); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California,Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Fré, Pietro [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Torino, INFN - Sezione di Torino,via P. Giuria 1, I-10125 Torino (Italy); Sorin, Alexander S. [Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics,and Veksler and Baldin Laboratory of High Energy Physics,Joint Institute for Nuclear Research,141980 Dubna, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)

    2014-04-14

    We consider global issues in minimal supergravity models where a single field inflaton potential emerges. In a particular case we reproduce the Starobinsky model and its description dual to a certain formulation of R+R{sup 2} supergravity. For definiteness we confine our analysis to spaces at constant curvature, either vanishing or negative. Five distinct models arise, two flat models with respectively a quadratic and a quartic potential and three based on the ((SU(1,1))/(U(1))) space where its distinct isometries, elliptic, hyperbolic and parabolic are gauged. Fayet-Iliopoulos terms are introduced in a geometric way and they turn out to be a crucial ingredient in order to describe the de Sitter inflationary phase of the Starobinsky model.

  9. On the topology of the inflaton field in minimal supergravity models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrara, Sergio; Fré, Pietro; Sorin, Alexander S.

    2014-04-01

    We consider global issues in minimal supergravity models where a single field inflaton potential emerges. In a particular case we reproduce the Starobinsky model and its description dual to a certain formulation of R + R 2 supergravity. For definiteness we confine our analysis to spaces at constant curvature, either vanishing or negative. Five distinct models arise, two flat models with respectively a quadratic and a quartic potential and three based on the space where its distinct isometries, elliptic, hyperbolic and parabolic are gauged. Fayet-Iliopoulos terms are introduced in a geometric way and they turn out to be a crucial ingredient in order to describe the de Sitter inflationary phase of the Starobinsky model.

  10. On the Topology of the Inflaton Field in Minimal Supergravity Models

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Sergio; Sorin, Alexander S

    2014-01-01

    We consider global issues in minimal supergravity models where a single field inflaton potential emerges. In a particular case we reproduce the Starobinsky model and its description dual to a certain formulation of R+R^2 supergravity. For definiteness we confine our analysis to spaces at constant curvature, either vanishing or negative. Five distinct models arise, two flat models with respectively a quadratic and a quartic potential and three based on the SU(1,1)/U(1) space where its distinct isometries, elliptic, hyperbolic and parabolic are gauged. Fayet-Iliopoulos terms are introduced in a geometric way and they turn out to be a crucial ingredient in order to describe the de Sitter inflationary phase of the Starobinsky model.

  11. Generalized Lie superalgebras and a supergravity with a positive cosmological constant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vasil'ev, M.A.

    1984-01-01

    A new law for forming the Hermitian conjugation makes it possible to construct a Hermitian action for a supergravity with a positive cosmological constant Λ. This modified conjugation leads to generalized (Z 2 x Z 2 -gauge) Lie superalgebras that correspond to a supergravity with Λ>0

  12. Likelihood analysis of the next-to-minimal supergravity motivated model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Balazs, Csaba; Carter, Daniel

    2009-01-01

    In anticipation of data from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the potential discovery of supersymmetry, we calculate the odds of the next-to-minimal version of the popular supergravity motivated model (NmSuGra) being discovered at the LHC to be 4:3 (57%). We also demonstrate that viable regions of the NmSuGra parameter space outside the LHC reach can be covered by upgraded versions of dark matter direct detection experiments, such as super-CDMS, at 99% confidence level. Due to the similarities of the models, we expect very similar results for the constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model (CMSSM).

  13. The general supersymmetric solution of topologically massive supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gibbons, G W; Pope, C N; Sezgin, E

    2008-01-01

    We find the general fully nonlinear solution of topologically massive supergravity admitting a Killing spinor. It is of plane-wave type, with a null Killing vector field. Conversely, we show that all solutions with a null Killing vector are supersymmetric for one or the other choice of sign for the Chern-Simons coupling constant μ. If μ does not take the critical value, μ = ±1, these solutions are asymptotically regular on a Poincare patch, but do not admit a smooth global compactification with boundary S 1 x R. In the critical case, the solutions have a logarithmic singularity on the boundary of the Poincare patch. We derive a Nester-Witten identity, which allows us to identify the associated charges, but we conclude that the presence of the Chern-Simons term prevents us from making a statement about their positivity. The Nester-Witten procedure is applied to the BTZ black hole

  14. New black holes in D =5 minimal gauged supergravity: Deformed boundaries and frozen horizons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blázquez-Salcedo, Jose Luis; Kunz, Jutta; Navarro-Lérida, Francisco; Radu, Eugen

    2018-04-01

    A new class of black hole solutions of the five-dimensional minimal gauged supergravity is presented. They are characterized by the mass, the electric charge, two equal magnitude angular momenta and the magnitude of the magnetic potential at infinity. These black holes possess a horizon of spherical topology; however, both the horizon and the sphere at infinity can be arbitrarily squashed, with nonextremal solutions interpolating between black strings and black branes. A particular set of extremal configurations corresponds to a new one-parameter family of supersymmetric black holes. While their conserved charges are determined by the squashing of the sphere at infinity, these supersymmetric solutions possess the same horizon geometry.

  15. Minimal $R+R^2$ Supergravity Models of Inflation Coupled to Matter

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, S

    2014-01-01

    The supersymmetric extension of "Starobinsky" $R+\\alpha R^2$ models of inflation is particularly simple in the "new minimal" formalism of supergravity, where the inflaton has no scalar superpartners. This paper is devoted to matter couplings in such supergravity models. We show how in the new minimal formalism matter coupling presents certain features absent in other formalisms. In particular, for the large class of matter couplings considered in this paper, matter must possess an R-symmetry, which is gauged by the vector field which becomes dynamical in the "new minimal" completion of the $R+\\alpha R^2$ theory. Thus, in the dual formulation of the theory, where the gauge vector is part of a massive vector multiplet, the inflaton is the superpartner of the massive vector of a nonlinearly realized R-symmetry. The F-term potential of this theory is of no-scale type, while the inflaton potential is given by the D-term of the gauged R-symmetry. The absolute minimum of the potential is always exactly supersymmetri...

  16. Effective Lagrangian for s-barbg and s-barbγ vertices in the minimal supergravity model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feng Taifu; Li Xueqian; Wang Guoli

    2002-01-01

    Complete expressions of the s-barbg and s-barbγ vertices are derived in the framework of supersymmetry with minimal flavor violation. As examples, the branching ratios of charmless B decays [B→K+X (no charm)] and exclusive processes B s →γγ are calculated with the minimal supergravity assumptions

  17. General dimensional reduction of ten-dimensional supergravity and superstring

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrara, S.; Porrati, M.

    1986-01-01

    Dimensional reductions of supergravity theories are shown to yield to specific glasses of four-dimensional no-scale models with N=4, 2 or 1 residual supersymmetry. N=1 ''maximal'' supergravity lagrangian, corresponding to the ''untwisted'' sector of orbifold compactification of superstrings, contains nine families and has a no-scale structure based on the Kaehler manifold [SU(3, 3+3n)/SU(3)xSU(3+3n)]x[SU(1, 1)/U(1)]. The quantum consistency of the resulting theories give information on the non Kaluza-Klein (string) ''twisted'' sector. (orig.)

  18. General supersymmetric solutions of five-dimensional supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gutowski, Jan B.; Sabra, Wafic

    2005-01-01

    The classification of 1/4-supersymmetric solutions of five dimensional gauged supergravity coupled to arbitrary many abelian vector multiplets, which was initiated elsewhere, is completed. The structure of all solutions for which the Killing vector constructed from the Killing spinor is null is investigated in both the gauged and the ungauged theories and some new solutions are constructed

  19. Invariance of actions, rheonomy, and the new minimal N = 1 supergravity in the group manifold approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    D'Auria, R.; Fre, P.; Townsend, P.K.; van Nieuwenhuizen, P.

    1984-01-01

    A new definition of rheonomy is proposed based on Bianchi identifies instead of field equations. For theories with auxiliary fields, the transformation rules are obtained in a completely geometrical way and invariance of the action is equilivalent to d'L = 0, which means surface-independence of the action integral. For theories without auxiliary fields, the transformation rules are found by requiring that the action be invariant, just as in the component approach. Previous methods of obtaining the transformation rules which start from rhenomy of field equations and use certain recipes to find the off-shell extensions of the rules are abandoned. New minimal supergravity is worked out in detail; it is the gauge theory based on a free differential algebra which includes the auxiliary fields

  20. Constraints on the minimal N=1 supergravity theory from electroweak symmetry breaking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Giudice, G.F.; Ridolfi, G.

    1988-01-01

    We reanalyze the constraints on the minimal N=1 supergravity extension of the standard model arising from the requirement of a correct spontaneous breakdown of the electroweak symmetry. Driven by recent experimental results, we devote special attention to the case of a top quark much heavier than the conventional choice of 40 GeV, used in previous analyses. Our results are stated in a space of phenomenologically meaningful parameters, providing a direct comparison between the constraints from SU(2) x U(1) breaking and the predictions for supersymmetric particle production. Moreover, an upper bound for the ratio of the two Higgs vacuum expectation values is given, for any value of the top quark mass. (orig.)

  1. Markov chain Monte Carlo exploration of minimal supergravity with implications for dark matter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baltz, Edward A.; Gondolo, Paolo

    2004-01-01

    We explore the full parameter space of Minimal Supergravity (mSUGRA), allowing all four continuous parameters (the scalar mass m 0 , the gaugino mass m 1/2 , the trilinear coupling A 0 , and the ratio of Higgs vacuum expectation values tan β) to vary freely. We apply current accelerator constraints on sparticle and Higgs masses, and on the b→sγ branching ratio, and discuss the impact of the constraints on g μ -2. To study dark matter, we apply the WMAP constraint on the cold dark matter density. We develop Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques to explore the parameter regions consistent with WMAP, finding them to be considerably superior to previously used methods for exploring supersymmetric parameter spaces. Finally, we study the reach of current and future direct detection experiments in light of the WMAP constraint. (author)

  2. Superradiance and black hole bomb in five-dimensional minimal ungauged supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aliev, Alikram N., E-mail: alikram.n.aliev@gmail.com [Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Yeni Yüzyıl University, Cevizlibağ-Topkapı, Istanbul, 34010 Turkey (Turkey)

    2014-11-01

    We examine the black hole bomb model which consists of a rotating black hole of five-dimenensional minimal ungauged supergravity and a reflecting mirror around it. For low-frequency scalar perturbations, we find solutions to the Klein-Gordon equation in the near-horizon and far regions of the black hole spacetime. To avoid solutions with logarithmic terms, we assume that the orbital quantum number l takes on nearly, but not exactly, integer values and perform the matching of these solutions in an intermediate region. This allows us to calculate analytically the frequency spectrum of quasinormal modes, taking the limits as l approaches even or odd integers separately. We find that all l modes of scalar perturbations undergo negative damping in the regime of superradiance, resulting in exponential growth of their amplitudes. Thus, the model under consideration would exhibit the superradiant instability, eventually behaving as a black hole bomb in five dimensions.

  3. Markov Chain Monte Carlo Exploration of Minimal Supergravity with Implications for Dark Matter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baltz, E

    2004-01-01

    We explore the full parameter space of Minimal Supergravity (mSUGRA), allowing all four continuous parameters (the scalar mass m 0 , the gaugino mass m 1/2 , the trilinear coupling A 0 , and the ratio of Higgs vacuum expectation values tan β) to vary freely. We apply current accelerator constraints on sparticle and Higgs masses, and on the b → sγ branching ratio, and discuss the impact of the constraints on g μ -2. To study dark matter, we apply the WMAP constraint on the cold dark matter density. We develop Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) techniques to explore the parameter regions consistent with WMAP, finding them to be considerably superior to previously used methods for exploring supersymmetric parameter spaces. Finally, we study the reach of current and future direct detection experiments in light of the WMAP constraint

  4. Is spontaneous breaking of R-parity feasible in minimal low-energy supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gato, B.; Leon, J.; Perez-Mercader, J.; Quiros, M.

    1985-01-01

    Spontaneous violation of lepton number without breaking Lorentz invariance can, in principle, be incorporated in models with softly broken supersymmetry. We study the situation for minimal low-energy supergravity models coming from a GUT (hence not having hierarchy destabilizing light singlets) and where the SU(2)xU(1) breaking is radiative. It is found that for this type of model, R-parity breaking requires either too heavy a top quark for a realistic superpartner spectrum or too light a superpartner spectrum for a realistic top quark, making the spontaneous violation of lepton number in the third generation incompatible with present experimental data. We do not discard the possibility of having it in a fourth, heavier, generation. (orig.)

  5. Supergravity Unification

    CERN Document Server

    Chamseddine, A H; Nath, Pran; Chamseddine, Ali H.; Nath, Pran

    2001-01-01

    A review is given of the historical developments of 1982 that lead to the supergravity unified model (SUGRA)with gravity mediated breaking of supersymmetry. Further developments and applications of the model in the period 1982-85 are also discussed. The supergravity unified model and its minimal version (mSUGRA) are currently among the leading candidates for physics beyond the Standard Model. A brief note on the developments from the present vantage point is included.

  6. On the Gauged Kahler Isometry in Minimal Supergravity Models of Inflation

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Sergio; Sorin, Alexander S.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we address the question how to discriminate whether the gauged isometry group G_Sigma of the Kahler manifold Sigma that produces a D-type inflaton potential in a Minimal Supergravity Model is elliptic, hyperbolic or parabolic. We show that the classification of isometries of symmetric cosets can be extended to non symmetric Sigma.s if these manifolds satisfy additional mathematical restrictions. The classification criteria established in the mathematical literature are coherent with simple criteria formulated in terms of the asymptotic behavior of the Kahler potential K(C) = 2 J(C) where the real scalar field C encodes the inflaton field. As a by product of our analysis we show that all phenomenologically admissible potentials for the description of inflation and in particular alpha-attractors are mostly obtained from the gauging of a parabolic isometry. The requirement of regularity of the manifold Sigma poses strong constraints on the alpha-attractors and reduces their space considerably. Curi...

  7. On the gauged Kaehler isometry in minimal supergravity models of inflation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrara, S.; Fre, P.; Sorin, A.S.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we address the question how to discriminate whether the gauged isometry group G Σ of the Kaehler manifold Σ that produces a D-type inflaton potential in a Minimal Supergravity Model is elliptic, hyperbolic or parabolic. We show that the classification of isometries of symmetric cosets can be extended to non symmetric Σ.s if these manifolds satisfy additional mathematical restrictions. The classification criteria established in the mathematical literature are coherent with simple criteria formulated in terms of the asymptotic behavior of the Kaehler potential K(C) = 2 J(C) where the real scalar field C encodes the inflaton field. As a by product of our analysis we show that phenomenologically admissible potentials for the description of inflation and in particular α-attractors are mostly obtained from the gauging of a parabolic isometry, this being, in particular the case of the Starobinsky model. Yet at least one exception exists of an elliptic α-attractor, so that neither type of isometry can be a priori excluded. The requirement of regularity of the manifold Σ poses instead strong constraints on the α-attractors and reduces their space considerably. Curiously there is a unique integrable α-attractor corresponding to a particular value of this parameter. (Copyright copyright 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  8. Euclidean supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Wit, Bernard; Reys, Valentin

    2017-12-01

    Supergravity with eight supercharges in a four-dimensional Euclidean space is constructed at the full non-linear level by performing an off-shell time-like reduction of five-dimensional supergravity. The resulting four-dimensional theory is realized off-shell with the Weyl, vector and tensor supermultiplets and a corresponding multiplet calculus. Hypermultiplets are included as well, but they are themselves only realized with on-shell supersymmetry. We also briefly discuss the non-linear supermultiplet. The off-shell reduction leads to a full understanding of the Euclidean theory. A complete multiplet calculus is presented along the lines of the Minkowskian theory. Unlike in Minkowski space, chiral and anti-chiral multiplets are real and supersymmetric actions are generally unbounded from below. Precisely as in the Minkowski case, where one has different formulations of Poincaré supergravity upon introducing different compensating supermultiplets, one can also obtain different versions of Euclidean supergravity.

  9. BOOK REVIEW: Supergravity Supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregory, Ruth

    2013-02-01

    students of supergravity. One of the strengths of the book is that it includes many exercises; these are designed to both reinforce the material covered, as well as to elucidate technical issues. They back up the process of learning, and feel part of the narrative rather than a test. If diligently followed, the reader will acquire a great deal of expertise by being guided through these critical learning processes. Another striking feature of the book is its inherent user friendliness. Not only is the layout of the book visually pleasing -- with plenty of margin space to scribble in if so inspired -- but the language of the authors is very accessible, and the gentle humour leavens the material being presented. When asked to work through the manipulations in the previous paragraphs forwards, then backwards, then forwards again, one tends to smile rather than give up! The authors are very aware that this can be challenging material, and have taken every effort to bring it to the reader in an appealing form. To sum up: this is a definitive text on the topic of supergravity. It contains all the relevant material one needs, or signposts clearly where the discussion has been `executive' and one might need to consult more detailed material depending on background. It is rather high level for a beginning graduate student, who has probably not met field theory or general relativity before, but for a more experienced student or researcher, the book is spot on. I found it more like a companion than a teacher, and heartily recommend it to anyone wanting to learn or revisit this fascinating, if technical, topic.

  10. Higher Curvature Supergravity, Supersymmetry Breaking and Inflation

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Sergio

    2017-01-01

    In these lectures, after a short introduction to cosmology, we discuss the supergravity embedding of higher curvature models of inflation. The supergravity description of such models is presented for the two different formulations of minimal supergravity.

  11. Constraining N=1 supergravity inflation with non-minimal Kähler operators using δN formalism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Choudhury, Sayantan

    2014-01-01

    In this paper I provide a general framework based on δN formalism to study the features of unavoidable higher dimensional non-renormalizable Kähler operators for N=1 supergravity (SUGRA) during primordial inflation from the combined constraint on non-Gaussianity, sound speed and CMB dipolar asymmetry as obtained from the recent Planck data. In particular I study the nonlinear evolution of cosmological perturbations on large scales which enables us to compute the curvature perturbation, ζ, without solving the exact perturbed field equations. Further I compute the non-Gaussian parameters f NL , τ NL and g NL for local type of non-Gaussianities and CMB dipolar asymmetry parameter, A CMB , using the δN formalism for a generic class of sub-Planckian models induced by the Hubble-induced corrections for a minimal supersymmetric D-flat direction where inflation occurs at the point of inflection within the visible sector. Hence by using multi parameter scan I constrain the non-minimal couplings appearing in non-renormalizable Kähler operators within, O(1), for the speed of sound, 0.02≤c s ≤1, and tensor to scalar, 10 −22 ≤r ⋆ ≤0.12. Finally applying all of these constraints I will fix the lower as well as the upper bound of the non-Gaussian parameters within, O(1−5)≤f NL ≤8.5, O(75−150)≤τ NL ≤2800 and O(17.4−34.7)≤g NL ≤648.2, and CMB dipolar asymmetry parameter within the range, 0.05≤A CMB ≤0.09

  12. Constraining N=1 supergravity inflation with non-minimal Kähler operators using δN formalism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choudhury, Sayantan [Physics and Applied Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, 203 B.T. Road, Kolkata 700 108 (India)

    2014-04-15

    In this paper I provide a general framework based on δN formalism to study the features of unavoidable higher dimensional non-renormalizable Kähler operators for N=1 supergravity (SUGRA) during primordial inflation from the combined constraint on non-Gaussianity, sound speed and CMB dipolar asymmetry as obtained from the recent Planck data. In particular I study the nonlinear evolution of cosmological perturbations on large scales which enables us to compute the curvature perturbation, ζ, without solving the exact perturbed field equations. Further I compute the non-Gaussian parameters f{sub NL} , τ{sub NL} and g{sub NL} for local type of non-Gaussianities and CMB dipolar asymmetry parameter, A{sub CMB}, using the δN formalism for a generic class of sub-Planckian models induced by the Hubble-induced corrections for a minimal supersymmetric D-flat direction where inflation occurs at the point of inflection within the visible sector. Hence by using multi parameter scan I constrain the non-minimal couplings appearing in non-renormalizable Kähler operators within, O(1), for the speed of sound, 0.02≤c{sub s}≤1, and tensor to scalar, 10{sup −22}≤r{sub ⋆}≤0.12. Finally applying all of these constraints I will fix the lower as well as the upper bound of the non-Gaussian parameters within, O(1−5)≤f{sub NL}≤8.5, O(75−150)≤τ{sub NL}≤2800 and O(17.4−34.7)≤g{sub NL}≤648.2, and CMB dipolar asymmetry parameter within the range, 0.05≤A{sub CMB}≤0.09.

  13. Supergravity and Yang-Mills theories as generalized topological fields with constraints

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ling Yi; Tung Rohsuan; Guo Hanying

    2004-01-01

    We present a general approach to construct a class of generalized topological field theories with constraints by means of generalized differential calculus and its application to connection theory. It turns out that not only the ordinary BF formulations of general relativity and Yang-Mills theories, but also the N=1,2 chiral supergravities can be reformulated as these constrained generalized topological field theories once the free parameters in the Lagrangian are specially chosen. We also show that the Chern-Simons action on the boundary may naturally be induced from the generalized topological action in the bulk, rather than introduced by hand

  14. Observations on BI from N=2 supergravity and the general Ward identity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andrianopoli, Laura [DISAT, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Turin (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) Sezione di Torino,Torino (Italy); Concha, Patrick [DISAT, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Turin (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) Sezione di Torino,Torino (Italy); Departamento de Física, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción (Chile); D’Auria, Riccardo [DISAT, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Turin (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) Sezione di Torino,Torino (Italy); Rodriguez, Evelyn [DISAT, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Turin (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) Sezione di Torino,Torino (Italy); Departamento de Física, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción (Chile); Trigiante, Mario [DISAT, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, I-10129 Turin (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN) Sezione di Torino,Torino (Italy)

    2015-11-09

    The multi-vector generalization of a rigid, partially-broken N=2 supersymmetric theory is presented as a rigid limit of a suitable gauged N=2 supergravity with electric, magnetic charges and antisymmetric tensor fields. This on the one hand generalizes a known result by Ferrara, Girardello and Porrati while on the other hand allows to recover the multi-vector BI models of http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/JHEP12(2014)065 from N=2 supergravity as the end-point of a hierarchical limit in which the Planck mass first and then the supersymmetry breaking scale are sent to infinity. We define, in the parent supergravity model, a new symplectic frame in which, in the rigid limit, manifest symplectic invariance is preserved and the electric and magnetic Fayet-Iliopoulos terms are fully originated from the dyonic components of the embedding tensor. The supergravity origin of several features of the resulting rigid supersymmetric theory are then elucidated, such as the presence of a traceless SU(2)- Lie algebra term in the Ward identity and the existence of a central charge in the supersymmetry algebra which manifests itself as a harmless gauge transformation on the gauge vectors of the rigid theory; we show that this effect can be interpreted as a kind of “superspace non-locality” which does not affect the rigid theory on space-time. To set the stage of our analysis we take the opportunity in this paper to provide and prove the relevant identities of the most general dyonic gauging of Special-Kaehler and Quaternionic-Kaehler isometries in a generic N=2 model, which include the supersymmetry Ward identity, in a fully symplectic-covariant formalism.

  15. N=1 domain wall solutions of massive type II supergravity as generalized geometries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Louis, J.

    2006-05-01

    We study N=1 domain wall solutions of type IIB supergravity compactified on a Calabi-Yau manifold in the presence of RR and NS electric and magnetic fluxes. We show that the dynamics of the scalar fields along the direction transverse to the domain wall is described by gradient flow equations controlled by a superpotential W. We then provide a geometrical interpretation of the gradient flow equations in terms of the mirror symmetric compactification of type IIA. They correspond to a set of generalized Hitchin flow equations of a manifold with SU(3) x SU(3)structure which is fibered over the direction transverse to the domain wall. (Orig.)

  16. Higher derivative couplings and massive supergravity in three dimensions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuzenko, Sergei M.; Novak, Joseph [School of Physics M013, The University of Western Australia,35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia); Tartaglino-Mazzucchelli, Gabriele [School of Physics M013, The University of Western Australia,35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia); Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica, KU Leuven,Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)

    2015-09-14

    We develop geometric superspace settings to construct arbitrary higher derivative couplings (including R{sup n} terms) in three-dimensional supergravity theories with N≤3 by realising them as conformal supergravity coupled to certain compensators. For all known off-shell supergravity formulations, we construct supersymmetric invariants with up to and including four derivatives. As a warming-up exercise, we first give a new and completely geometric derivation of such invariants in N=1 supergravity. Upon reduction to components, they agree with those given in http://arxiv.org/abs/0907.4658 and http://arxiv.org/abs/1005.3952. We then carry out a similar construction in the case of N=2 supergravity for which there exist two minimal formulations that differ by the choice of compensating multiplet: (i) a chiral scalar multipet; (ii) a vector multiplet. For these formulations all four derivative invariants are constructed in completely general and gauge independent form. For a general supergravity model (in the N=1 and minimal N=2 cases) with curvature-squared and lower order terms, we derive the superfield equations of motion, linearise them about maximally supersymmetric backgrounds and obtain restrictions on the parameters that lead to models for massive supergravity. We use the non-minimal formulation for N=2 supergravity (which corresponds to a complex linear compensator) to construct a novel consistent theory of massive supergravity. In the case of N=3 supergravity, we employ the off-shell formulation with a vector multiplet as compensator to construct for the first time various higher derivative invariants. These invariants may be used to derive models for N=3 massive supergravity. As a bi-product of our analysis, we also present superfield equations for massive higher spin multiplets in (1,0), (1,1) and (2,0) anti-de Sitter superspaces.

  17. Constrained superfields in supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dall’Agata, Gianguido; Farakos, Fotis [Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)

    2016-02-16

    We analyze constrained superfields in supergravity. We investigate the consistency and solve all known constraints, presenting a new class that may have interesting applications in the construction of inflationary models. We provide the superspace Lagrangians for minimal supergravity models based on them and write the corresponding theories in component form using a simplifying gauge for the goldstino couplings.

  18. Supergravity solitons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aichelburg, P.C.; Embacher, F.

    1987-01-01

    The motion of a soliton in a supergravity background configuration is studied. The dynamics of the soliton is desribed by a trajectory in curved N = 2 superspace. For the proposed Langrangian the moments, the constraints and the generators of local supertranslations are displayed. An additional local gauge symmetry is exhibited. Special emphasis is laid on the classical equations of motion. These turn out to be a supersymmetric generalization of Papapetrou's equation of motion for a spinning particle in a gravitational field. (Author)

  19. Massive Supergravity and Deconstruction

    CERN Document Server

    Gregoire, T; Shadmi, Y; Gregoire, Thomas; Schwartz, Matthew D; Shadmi, Yael

    2004-01-01

    We present a simple superfield Lagrangian for massive supergravity. It comprises the minimal supergravity Lagrangian with interactions as well as mass terms for the metric superfield and the chiral compensator. This is the natural generalization of the Fierz-Pauli Lagrangian for massive gravity which comprises mass terms for the metric and its trace. We show that the on-shell bosonic and fermionic fields are degenerate and have the appropriate spins: 2, 3/2, 3/2 and 1. We then study this interacting Lagrangian using goldstone superfields. We find that a chiral multiplet of goldstones gets a kinetic term through mixing, just as the scalar goldstone does in the non-supersymmetric case. This produces Planck scale (Mpl) interactions with matter and all the discontinuities and unitarity bounds associated with massive gravity. In particular, the scale of strong coupling is (Mpl m^4)^1/5, where m is the multiplet's mass. Next, we consider applications of massive supergravity to deconstruction. We estimate various qu...

  20. A short review of supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scherk, J.

    1980-01-01

    The perennial question: 'Why fermions' finally answered. A dictionnary of Superwords. The Superalgebras used by Supersymmetrists. The representations of the Super Poincare algebra. What is Super about Supergravity. Extra spatial dimensions and Supergravity. Physical content of the N=8 model. General features of a Supersymmetric World. Antigravity and Supergravity: a crazy idea. Conclusion left to a well-known physicist

  1. Classical solutions in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baaklini, N.S.; Ferrara, S.; Nieuwenhuizen Van, P.

    1977-06-01

    Classical solutions of supergravity are obtained by making finite global supersymmetry rotation on known solutions of the field equations of the bosonic sector. The Schwarzschild and the Reissner-Nordstoem solutions of general relativity are extended to various supergravity systems and the modification to the perihelion precession of planets is discussed

  2. Introduction to supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Tanii, Yoshiaki

    2014-01-01

    This book is a pedagogical introduction to supergravity, a gravitational field theory that includes supersymmetry (symmetry between bosons and fermions) and is a generalization of Einstein's general relativity. Supergravity provides a low-energy effective theory of superstring theory, which has attracted much attention as a candidate for the unified theory of fundamental particles, and it is a useful tool for studying non-perturbative properties of superstring theory such as D-branes and string duality. This work considers classical supergravities in four and higher spacetime dimensions with their applications to superstring theory in mind. More concretely, it discusses classical Lagrangians (or field equations) and symmetry properties of supergravities. Besides local symmetries, supergravities often have global non-compact symmetries, which play a crucial role in their applications to superstring theory. One of the main features of this book is its detailed discussion of these non-compact symmetries. The aim...

  3. d=8 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salam, A.; Sezgin, E.

    1984-10-01

    SU(2) gauged N=2 supergravity in d=8 is constructed by generalized dimensional reduction of d=11 supergravity on SU(2) group manifold. The relation between the field equations of the d=8 and those of d=11 supergravities is established. As a byproduct of this, it is shown that certain compactifications of d=11 supergravity give rise to anti-de Sitter space-time (AdS)xS 4 or AdSxCP 2 (with or without SU(2) instanton) or AdSxS 2 xS 2 compactifications of d=8 supergravity. The latter two solutions have no supersymmetry, while AdSxS 4 has N=0 or N=1 supersymmetry. (author)

  4. All possible lightest supersymmetric particles in proton hexality violating minimal supergravity models and their signals at hadron colliders

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grab, Sebastian

    2009-08-01

    The most widely studied supersymmetric scenario is the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) with more than a hundred free parameters. However for detailed phenomenological studies, the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) model, a restricted and well-motivated framework for the MSSM, is more convenient. In this model, lepton- and baryon-number violating interactions are suppressed by a discrete symmetry, R-parity or proton-hexality, to keep the proton stable. However, it is sufficient to forbid only lepton- or baryon-number violation. We thus extend mSUGRA models by adding a proton-hexality violating operator at the grand unification scale. This can change the supersymmetric spectrum leading on the one hand to a sneutrino, smuon or squark as the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP). On the other hand, a wide parameter region is reopened, where the scalar tau (stau) is the LSP. We investigate in detail the conditions leading to non-neutralino LSP scenarios. We take into account the restrictions from neutrino masses, the muon anomalous magnetic moment, b→sγ, and other precision measurements. We furthermore investigate existing restrictions from direct searches at LEP, the Tevatron, and the CERN p anti p collider. It is vital to know the nature of the LSP, since supersymmetric particles normally cascade decay down to the LSP at collider experiments. We present typical LHC signatures for sneutrino LSP scenarios. Promising signatures are high-p T muons and jets, like-sign muon events and detached vertices from long lived taus. We also classify the stau LSP decays and describe their dependence on the mSUGRA parameters. We then exploit our results for resonant single slepton production at the LHC. We find novel signatures with like-sign muon and three- and four-muon final states. Finally, we perform a detailed analysis for single slepton production in association with a single top quark. We show that the signal can be distinguished from the background at the LHC

  5. arXiv Comments on rigid and local supercurrents in ${\\cal N}=1$ minimal Supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Sergio; Tournoy, Magnus; Van Proeyen, Antoine

    We discuss local supercurrents as sources of the super-Einstein equations in the superconformal approach in the old and new minimal (auxiliary fields) formulation. Modifications of the Ward identity giving the covariant divergence of the Einstein multiplet are considered in presence of a Fayet-Iliopoulos term. Curvature multiplets can be used as alternative to the gravitino variation in the search for rigid supersymmetric curved backgrounds.

  6. D=3 unification of curious supergravities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duff, M.J. [Theoretical Physics, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London,London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom); Mathematical Institute University of Oxford, Andrew Wiles Building,Woodstock Road, Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, Oxford, OX2 6GG (United Kingdom); Ferrara, S. [Theoretical Physics Department, CERN,CH-1211 Geneva (Switzerland); INFN - Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati,Via Enrico Fermi 40, I-00044 Frascati (Italy); Department of Physics and Astronomy andMani L. Bhaumik Institute for Theoretical Physics, UCLA,Los Angeles CA 90095-1547 (United States); Marrani, A. [Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche “Enrico Fermi”,Via Panisperna 89A, I-00184, Roma (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”,Università di Padova and INFN, Sez. di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Theoretical Physics Department, CERN,CH-1211 Geneva (Switzerland)

    2017-01-09

    We consider the dimensional reduction to D=3 of four maximal-rank supergravities which preserve minimal supersymmetry in D=11, 7, 5 and 4. Such “curious” theories were investigated some time ago, and the four-dimensional one corresponds to an N=1 supergravity with 7 chiral multiplets spanning the seven-disk manifold. Recently, this latter theory provided cosmological models for α-attractors, which are based on the disk geometry with possible restrictions on the parameter α. A unified picture emerges in D=3, where the Ehlers group of General Relativity merges with the S-, T- and U- dualities of the D=4 parent theories.

  7. D = 3 Unification of Curious Supergravities

    CERN Document Server

    Duff, M.J.; Marrani, A.

    2017-01-09

    We consider the dimensional reduction to D = 3 of four maximal-rank supergravities which preserve minimal supersymmetry in D = 11, 7, 5 and 4. Such "curious" theories were investigated some time ago, and the four-dimensional one corresponds to an N = 1 supergravity with 7 chiral multiplets spanning the seven-disk manifold. Recently, this latter theory was considered to provide cosmological models for alpha-attractors, which are based on the disk geometry with possible restrictions on the parameter alpha. A unified picture emerges in D = 3, where the Ehlers group of General Relativity merges with the S-, T- and U- dualities of the D = 4 parent theories.

  8. Minimizing Regret : The General Case

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rustichini, A.

    1998-01-01

    In repeated games with differential information on one side, the labelling "general case" refers to games in which the action of the informed player is not known to the uninformed, who can only observe a signal which is the random outcome of his and his opponent's action. Here we consider the

  9. Complex superspaces and prepotentials for N = 2 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sokatchev, E.

    1981-01-01

    A prepotential formulation of N=2 supergravity is constructed as a generalization of the non-minimal N=1 case. The non-minimal and minimal prepotential formulations of N=1 supergravity are briefly reviewed, the non-minimal case is then generalized to from the basis of the N=2 theory. The action of the Lorentz structure group is extracted from the transformation law of the spinar derivatives. Vielbeins and connections are defined and expressed in terms of the prepotentials. In evaluation of the torsion components the normal gauge technique is applied. The possibility of using the invariant volume of the chiral superspaces as an action for the N=2 supergravity is considered. (author)

  10. All possible lightes supersymmetric particles in proton hexality violating minimal supergravity models and their signals at hadron colliders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grab, Sebastian

    2009-08-15

    The most widely studied supersymmetric scenario is the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM) with more than a hundred free parameters. However for detailed phenomenological studies, the minimal supergravity (mSUGRA) model, a restricted and well-motivated framework for the MSSM, is more convenient. In this model, lepton- and baryon-number violating interactions are suppressed by a discrete symmetry, R-parity or proton-hexality, to keep the proton stable. However, it is sufficient to forbid only lepton- or baryon-number violation. We thus extend mSUGRA models by adding a proton-hexality violating operator at the grand unification scale. This can change the supersymmetric spectrum leading on the one hand to a sneutrino, smuon or squark as the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP). On the other hand, a wide parameter region is reopened, where the scalar tau (stau) is the LSP. We investigate in detail the conditions leading to non-neutralino LSP scenarios. We take into account the restrictions from neutrino masses, the muon anomalous magnetic moment, b{yields}s{gamma}, and other precision measurements. We furthermore investigate existing restrictions from direct searches at LEP, the Tevatron, and the CERN p anti p collider. It is vital to know the nature of the LSP, since supersymmetric particles normally cascade decay down to the LSP at collider experiments. We present typical LHC signatures for sneutrino LSP scenarios. Promising signatures are high-p{sub T} muons and jets, like-sign muon events and detached vertices from long lived taus. We also classify the stau LSP decays and describe their dependence on the mSUGRA parameters. We then exploit our results for resonant single slepton production at the LHC. We find novel signatures with like-sign muon and three- and four-muon final states. Finally, we perform a detailed analysis for single slepton production in association with a single top quark. We show that the signal can be distinguished from the background

  11. Supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Uehara, S.

    1985-01-01

    Of all supergravity theories, the maximal, i.e., N = 8 in 4-dimension or N = 1 in 11-dimension, theory should perform the unification since it owns the highest degree of symmetry. As to the N = 1 in d = 11 theory, it has been investigated how to compactify to the d = 4 theories. From the phenomenological point of view, local SUSY GUTs, i.e., N = 1 SUSY GUTs with soft breaking terms, have been studied from various angles. The structures of extended supergravity theories are less understood than those of N = 1 supergravity theories, and matter couplings in N = 2 extended supergravity theories are under investigation. The harmonic superspace was recently proposed which may be useful to investigate the quantum effects of extended supersymmetry and supergravity theories. As to the so-called Kaluza-Klein supergravity, there is another possibility. (Mori, K.)

  12. Supersymmetry, supergravity, and unification

    CERN Document Server

    Nath, Pran

    2017-01-01

    This unique book gives a modern account of particle physics and gravity based on supersymmetry and supergravity, two of the most significant developments in theoretical physics since general relativity. The book begins with a brief overview of the history of unification and then goes into a detailed exposition of both fundamental and phenomenological topics. The topics in fundamental physics include Einstein gravity, Yang-Mills theory, anomalies, the standard model, supersymmetry and supergravity, and the construction of supergravity couplings with matter and gauge fields, as well as computational techniques for SO(10) couplings. The topics of phenomenological interest include implications of supergravity models at colliders, CP violation, and proton stability, as well as topics in cosmology such as inflation, leptogenesis, baryogenesis, and dark matter. The book is intended for graduate students and researchers seeking to master the techniques for building grand unified models.

  13. Supergravity and superstrings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gell-Mann, M.

    1985-01-01

    The ''standard'' SU/sub 3/ x SU/sub 2/ x U/sub 1/ theory has three independent coupling constants and numerous dimensionless parameters determining mass ratios, the weak coupling matrix, etc. While N=1 supergravity, generalizing Einstein's gravity theory, is not necessarily very divergent itself, it is terribly divergent when coupled to external N=1 supermatter, such as N=1 super-Yang-Mills theory with N=1 supermultiplets of spin one-half and spin zero. Three paths are being explored in the search for the ultimate unified theory of physics. The first path involves N > 1 supergravity in four dimensions, without external supermatter, particularly the largest such theory, N=8 supergravity, where there is no room for external supermatter. The N=8 supergravity supermultiplet itself contains all the haplons (fundamental fields of the theory). During the last couple of years Michael Green and John Schwarz have found that there are two more 10-dimensional superstring theories IIA and IIB, with only closed strings. They reduce, on truncation to the initially massless actor, to N=2A and N=2B supergravity, respectively, in ten dimensions. But the superstring theories are finite to one loop instead of divergent like the corresponding supergravities. The author discusses that IIA and IIB superstrings, when truncated to the initially massless sector and trivially reduced to four dimensions, yield N=8 supergravity. All three superstring theories, although they have the traditional description as ''S-matrix'' theories on the mass shell, can also be written as field theories (with fields as functionals of strings instead of functions of points) with local couplings. So far, the field description is not covariant. This paper discusses various superstrings theories

  14. A Generalized Random Regret Minimization Model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chorus, C.G.

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents, discusses and tests a generalized Random Regret Minimization (G-RRM) model. The G-RRM model is created by replacing a fixed constant in the attribute-specific regret functions of the RRM model, by a regret-weight variable. Depending on the value of the regret-weights, the G-RRM

  15. HKT geometry and de Sitter supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grover, Jai; Gutowski, Jan B.; Herdeiro, Carlos A.R.; Sabra, Wafic

    2009-01-01

    Solutions of five-dimensional minimal de Sitter supergravity admitting Killing spinors are considered. It is shown that the 'timelike' solutions are determined in terms of a four-dimensional hyper-Kaehler torsion (HKT) manifold. If the HKT manifold is conformally hyper-Kaehler the most general solution can be obtained from a sub-class of supersymmetric solutions of minimal N=2 ungauged supergravity, by means of a simple transformation. Examples include a multi-BMPV de Sitter solution, describing multiple rotating black holes co-moving with the expansion of the universe. If the HKT manifold is not conformally hyper-Kaehler, examples admitting a tri-holomorphic Killing vector field are constructed in terms of certain solutions of three-dimensional Einstein-Weyl geometry

  16. Chaotic inflation in supergravity after Planck and BICEP2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kallosh, Renata; Linde, Andrei

    2014-05-01

    We discuss the general structure and observational consequences of some of the simplest versions of chaotic inflation in supergravity in relation to the data by Planck 2013 and BICEP2. We show that minimal modifications to the simplest quadratic potential are sufficient to provide a controllable tensor mode signal and a suppression of CMB power at large angular scales.

  17. Supersymmetry and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wess, J.; Bagger, J.

    1992-01-01

    The first edition of this book appeared in 1983 and was based on a series of lectures given at Princeton in 1983 by Julius Wess. Since the appearance of the first edition much work has been done on the development of phenomenological models of particle behavior based on the supergravity multiplet. Some experimental searches have been carried out and others are planned for the future. For this reason the second edition of the book goes substantially beyond the first. Six new chapters have been added for a total of twenty-six and five new appendices for a total of seven. The new chapters and appendices are primarily aimed at deriving the most general supersymmetric gauge invariant theory of chiral fields interacting with supergravity and expressing it in component form. The book is divided into three sections. After a brief introduction, the first part of the book deals with a description of N=1 supersymmetric non-abelian rigid gauge theory of chiral fields. The second part of the book develops a local supersymmetric theory which is supergravity. The final part describes the coupling of supersymmetric chiral fields to supergravity in a gauge invariant way. The book may be recommended as a pedagogical introduction to the theory of N=1 supergravity. Together with the appendices is is completely self-contained, both in notation and in the concepts used, requiring only some knowledge of field theory as a background

  18. R{sup 2} supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrara, Sergio [Physics Department, Theory Unit, CERN,CH 1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); INFN - Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati,Via Enrico Fermi 40, I-00044 Frascati (Italy); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California,Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Kehagias, Alex [Physics Division, National Technical University of Athens,15780 Zografou, Athens (Greece); Porrati, Massimo [Physics Department, Theory Unit, CERN,CH 1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland); CCPP, Department of Physics,NYU 4 Washington Pl. New York NY 10003 (United States)

    2015-08-03

    We formulate R{sup 2} pure supergravity as a scale invariant theory built only in terms of superfields describing the geometry of curved superspace. The standard supergravity duals are obtained in both “old' and “new' minimal formulations of auxiliary fields. These theories have massless fields in de Sitter space as they do in their non supersymmetric counterpart. Remarkably, the dual theory of R{sup 2} supergravity in the new minimal formulation is an extension of the Freedman model, describing a massless gauge field and a massless chiral multiplet in de Sitter space, with inverse radius proportional to the Fayet-Iliopoulos term. This model can be interpreted as the “de-Higgsed' phase of the dual companion theory of R+R{sup 2} supergravity.

  19. Supergravity solitons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aichelburg, P.C.; Embacher, F.

    1987-01-01

    In previous work solitons of N = 2 supergravity were described as test particles in an external supergravity field. In the present paper we derive the effective interaction of two solitons by inserting a classical soliton configuration for the background into the Lagrangian and apply a slow-motion and large-distance approximation. We obtain the interaction potential to lowest order that incorporates the effect of the supercharge. The resulting classical system is quantized and, as a final step, an effective quantum field theory is formulated. (Author)

  20. Supergravity and field space democracy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gayduk, A.V.; Romanov, V.N.; Schwarz, A.S.

    1980-01-01

    Supergravity is presented in which field and space variables are on an equal footing. The action functional of supergravity is characterized as the functional, defined on the space of (4,4)-dimensional submanifolds of complex (4,2)-dimensional superspace, which is invariant with respect to supervolume preserving analytic transformations. It is shown how the Lagrangian of the supergravity in the Ogievetsky-Sokatchev form can be obtained by means of this characterization and describe natural multi-dimensional generalizations of this Lagrangian. These generalizations are based on the notion of perfect action functional

  1. General study of ground states in gauged N=2 supergravity theories with symmetric scalar manifolds in 5 dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oegetbil, O.

    2007-01-01

    After reviewing the existing results we give an extensive analysis of the critical points of the potentials of the gauged N=2 Yang-Mills/Einstein supergravity theories coupled to tensor multiplets and hypermultiplets. Our analysis includes all the possible gaugings of all N=2 Maxwell-Einstein supergravity theories whose scalar manifolds are symmetric spaces. In general, the scalar potential gets contributions from R-symmetry gauging, tensor couplings, and hypercouplings. We show that the coupling of a hypermultiplet into a theory whose potential has a nonzero value at its critical point, and gauging a compact subgroup of the hyperscalar isometry group will only rescale the value of the potential at the critical point by a positive factor, and therefore will not change the nature of an existing critical point. However this is not the case for noncompact SO(1,1) gaugings. An SO(1,1) gauging of the hyperisometry will generally lead to de Sitter vacua, which is analogous to the ground states found by simultaneously gauging SO(1,1) symmetry of the real scalar manifold with U(1) R in earlier literature. SO(m,1) gaugings with m>1, which give contributions to the scalar potential only in the magical Jordan family theories, on the other hand, do not lead to de Sitter vacua. Anti-de Sitter vacua are generically obtained when the U(1) R symmetry is gauged. We also show that it is possible to embed certain generic Jordan family theories into the magical Jordan family preserving the nature of the ground states. However the magical Jordan family theories have additional ground states which are not found in the generic Jordan family theories

  2. Supergravity constraints on monojets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nandi, S.

    1986-01-01

    In the standard model, supplemented by N = 1 minimal supergravity, all the supersymmetric particle masses can be expressed in terms of a few unknown parameters. The resulting mass relations, and the laboratory and the cosmological bounds on these superpartner masses are used to put constraints on the supersymmetric origin of the CERN monojets. The latest MAC data at PEP excludes the scalar quarks, of masses up to 45 GeV, as the origin of these monojets. The cosmological bounds, for a stable photino, excludes the mass range necessary for the light gluino-heavy squark production interpretation. These difficulties can be avoided by going beyond the minimal supergravity theory. Irrespective of the monojets, the importance of the stable γ as the source of the cosmological dark matter is emphasized

  3. Supergravity solitons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aichelburg, P.C.; Embacher, F.

    1987-01-01

    The Langrangian for a single free soliton in N = 2 supergravity as proposed in an earlier paper, is studied. We analyze the algebra of constraints and discuss the local gauge symmetry due to the existence of first class constraints. The classical motion as well as a Gupta-Bleuler type quantization are given. (Author)

  4. Simplifications of Einstein supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrara, S.; van Nieuwenhuizen, P.

    1979-01-01

    Using a new symmetry of the Einstein supergravity action and defining a new spin connection, the axial-vector auxiliary field cancels in the gauge action and in the gauge algebra. This explains why in some models a first-order formalism with minimal coupling of the spin connection and tensor calculus agree, while in other models only the tensor calculus gives the correct result but torsion does not

  5. Structure of a supergravity group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ogievetsky, V.; Sokatchev, E.

    1978-01-01

    The supergravity group is found to be the direct product of general covariance groups in complex conjugated left and right handed superspaces. The ordinary space-time coordinate and the axial gravitational superfield are the real and imaginary parts of the complex coordinate, respectively. It is pointed out that a number of questions concerning the formalism remains open. For instance how to define superfields with external indices, supercovariant derivatives and invariants of the group, etc. However, the extremely simple and clear geometrical picture of the supergravity group given here will provide an adequate basis for the supergravity theory

  6. Unconstrained multiplet in N=2 conformal supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hayashi, Masahito; Uehara, Shozo.

    1985-02-01

    An unconstrained (general) multiplet was studied in N = 2 conformal supergravity. Transformation law, embedding formula and multiplication rule are explicitly presented at the linearized level. (author)

  7. Brane induced supersymmetry breaking and de Sitter supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bandos, Igor [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU, P.O. Box 644, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48011 Bilbao (Spain); Martucci, Luca [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); I.N.F.N. Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Sorokin, Dmitri [I.N.F.N. Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Tonin, Mario [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei”, Università di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); I.N.F.N. Sezione di Padova, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)

    2016-02-12

    We obtain a four-dimensional supergravity with spontaneously broken supersymmetry allowing for de Sitter vacua by coupling a superspace action of minimal N=1, D=4 supergravity to a locally supersymmetric generalization of the Volkov-Akulov goldstino action describing the dynamics of a space-filling non-BPS 3-brane in N=1, D=4 superspace. To the quadratic order in the goldstino field the obtained action coincides with earlier constructions of supergravities with nilpotent superfields, while matching the higher-order contributions will require a non-linear redefinition of fields. In the unitary gauge, in which the goldstino field is set to zero, the action coincides with that of Volkov and Soroka. We also show how a nilpotency constraint on a chiral curvature superfield emerges in this formulation.

  8. Supersymmetry and supergravity: Phenomenology and grand unification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arnowitt, R.; Nath, P.

    1993-01-01

    A survey is given of supersymmetry and supergravity and their phenomenology. Some of the topics discussed are the basic ideas of global supersymmetry, the minimal supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM) and its phenomenology, the basic ideas of local supersymmetry (supergravity), grand unification, supersymmetry breaking in supergravity grand unified models, radiative breaking of SU(2) x U(1), proton decay, cosmological constraints, and predictions of supergravity grand unified models. While the number of detailed derivations are necessarily limited, a sufficient number of results are given so that a reader can get a working knowledge of this field

  9. Consistent classical supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Muller, M.

    1989-01-01

    This book offers a presentation of both conformal and Poincare supergravity. The consistent four-dimensional supergravity theories are classified. The formulae needed for further modelling are included

  10. On maximal massive 3D supergravity

    OpenAIRE

    Bergshoeff , Eric A; Hohm , Olaf; Rosseel , Jan; Townsend , Paul K

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT We construct, at the linearized level, the three-dimensional (3D) N = 4 supersymmetric " general massive supergravity " and the maximally supersymmetric N = 8 " new massive supergravity ". We also construct the maximally supersymmetric linearized N = 7 topologically massive supergravity, although we expect N = 6 to be maximal at the non-linear level. (Bergshoeff, Eric A) (Hohm, Olaf) (Rosseel, Jan) P.K.Townsend@da...

  11. Coupling brane fields to bulk supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Parameswaran, Susha L. [Uppsala Univ. (Sweden). Theoretical Physics; Schmidt, Jonas [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)

    2010-12-15

    In this note we present a simple, general prescription for coupling brane localized fields to bulk supergravity. We illustrate the procedure by considering 6D N=2 bulk supergravity on a 2D orbifold, with brane fields localized at the fixed points. The resulting action enjoys the full 6D N=2 symmetries in the bulk, and those of 4D N=1 supergravity at the brane positions. (orig.)

  12. On ``minimally curved spacetimes'' in general relativity

    OpenAIRE

    Dadhich, Naresh

    1997-01-01

    We consider a spacetime corresponding to uniform relativistic potential analogus to Newtonian potential as an example of ``minimally curved spacetime''. We also consider a radially symmetric analogue of the Rindler spacetime of uniform proper acceleration relative to infinity.

  13. Construction of the superalgebras for N=1 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ivanov, E.A.; Niederle, J.

    1984-11-01

    It is shown that the infinite parameter gauge superalgebras of the conformal and of the N=1 Einstein supergravities can be obtained as the closures of various two finite-parameter superalgebras. In the conformal case the standard, minimal and Einsteinian closures are studied. In the case of the N=1 Einstein supergravities the minimal and non-minimal closures are discussed. (author)

  14. Topologically massive supergravity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Deser

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available The locally supersymmetric extension of three-dimensional topologically massive gravity is constructed. Its fermionic part is the sum of the (dynamically trivial Rarita-Schwinger action and a gauge-invariant topological term, of second derivative order, analogous to the gravitational one. It is ghost free and represents a single massive spin 3/2 excitation. The fermion-gravity coupling is minimal and the invariance is under the usual supergravity transformations. The system's energy, as well as that of the original topological gravity, is therefore positive.

  15. Nonlinear self-duality and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuzenko, Sergei M.; McCarthy, Shane A.

    2003-01-01

    The concept of self-dual supersymmetric nonlinear electrodynamics is generalized to a curved superspace of N=1 supergravity, for both the old minimal and the new minimal versions of N=1 supergravity. We derive the self-duality equation, which has to be satisfied by the action functional of any U(1) duality invariant model of a massless vector multiplet, and construct a family of self-dual nonlinear models. This family includes a curved superspace extension of the N=1 super Born-Infeld action. The supercurrent and supertrace in such models are proved to be duality invariant. The most interesting and unexpected result is that the requirement of nonlinear self-duality yields nontrivial couplings of the vector multiplet to Kaehler sigma models. We explicitly derive the couplings to general Kaehler sigma models in the case when the matter chiral multiplets are inert under the duality rotations, and more specifically to the dilaton-axion chiral multiplet when the group of duality rotations is enhanced to SL(2,R). (author)

  16. Symmetries of supergravity black holes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chow, David D K

    2010-01-01

    We investigate Killing tensors for various black hole solutions of supergravity theories. Rotating black holes of an ungauged theory, toroidally compactified heterotic supergravity, with NUT parameters and two U(1) gauge fields are constructed. If both charges are set equal, then the solutions simplify, and then there are concise expressions for rank-2 conformal Killing-Staeckel tensors. These are induced by rank-2 Killing-Staeckel tensors of a conformally related metric that possesses a separability structure. We directly verify the separation of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation on this conformally related metric and of the null Hamilton-Jacobi and massless Klein-Gordon equations on the 'physical' metric. Similar results are found for more general solutions; we mainly focus on those with certain charge combinations equal in gauged supergravity but also consider some other solutions.

  17. Constructive approach to supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Milton, K.A.; Urrutia, L.F.; Finkelstein, R.J.

    1980-01-01

    Starting from a first-order formulation of the Lagrangian of noninteracting massless helicity-2 and helicity-3/2 particles, global supersymmetry transformations are deduced. Then, allowing the supersymmetry transformations to become local requires, if supersymmetry is to be maintained, the introduction of a unique primitive interaction through the 'gravitino' stress tensor and torsion. Finally, the imposition of exact supersymmetry invariance leads by a short, constructive process to full supergravity and the complete form of the super-symmetry transformations. In particular, no explicit use is made of general coordinate invariance, and the self-consistency of the gravitational coupling emerges from the local supersymmetry requirement alone. (author)

  18. A worldsheet theory for supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adamo, Tim; Casali, Eduardo; Skinner, David [Department of Applied Mathematics & Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge,Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)

    2015-02-18

    We present a worldsheet theory that describes maps into a curved target space equipped with a B-field and dilaton. The conditions for the theory to be consistent at the quantum level can be computed exactly, and are that the target space fields obey the nonlinear d=10 supergravity equations of motion, with no higher curvature terms. The path integral is constrained to obey a generalization of the scattering equations to curved space. Remarkably, the supergravity field equations emerge as quantum corrections to these curved space scattering equations.

  19. Generalized monotonicity from global minimization in fourth-order ODEs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.A. Peletier (Mark)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractWe consider solutions of the stationary Extended Fisher-Kolmogorov equation with general potential that are global minimizers of an associated variational problem. We present results that relate the global minimization property to a generalized concept of monotonicity of the solutions.

  20. Supersymmetric black holes in 2D dilaton supergravity: baldness and extremality

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergamin, L; Grumiller, D; Kummer, W [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Technische Universitaet Wien, Wiedner Hauptstr. 8-10, A-1040 Vienna (Austria)

    2004-03-26

    We present a systematic discussion of supersymmetric solutions of 2D dilaton supergravity. In particular those solutions which retain at least half of the supersymmetries are ground states with respect to the bosonic Casimir function (essentially the ADM mass). Nevertheless, by tuning the prepotential appropriately, black-hole solutions may emerge with an arbitrary number of Killing horizons. The absence of dilatino and gravitino hair is proved. Moreover, the impossibility of supersymmetric dS ground states and of nonextremal black holes is confirmed, even in the presence of a dilaton. In these derivations, knowledge of the general analytic solution of 2D dilaton supergravity plays an important role. The latter result is addressed in the more general context of gPSMs which have no supergravity interpretation. Finally it is demonstrated that the inclusion of non-minimally coupled matter, a step which is already nontrivial by itself, does not change these features in an essential way.

  1. Supersymmetric black holes in 2D dilaton supergravity: baldness and extremality

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bergamin, L; Grumiller, D; Kummer, W

    2004-01-01

    We present a systematic discussion of supersymmetric solutions of 2D dilaton supergravity. In particular those solutions which retain at least half of the supersymmetries are ground states with respect to the bosonic Casimir function (essentially the ADM mass). Nevertheless, by tuning the prepotential appropriately, black-hole solutions may emerge with an arbitrary number of Killing horizons. The absence of dilatino and gravitino hair is proved. Moreover, the impossibility of supersymmetric dS ground states and of nonextremal black holes is confirmed, even in the presence of a dilaton. In these derivations, knowledge of the general analytic solution of 2D dilaton supergravity plays an important role. The latter result is addressed in the more general context of gPSMs which have no supergravity interpretation. Finally it is demonstrated that the inclusion of non-minimally coupled matter, a step which is already nontrivial by itself, does not change these features in an essential way

  2. Introduction to supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wit, B. de.

    1984-06-01

    These lectures aim at introducing supergravity in its most simple and direct form. After explaining the main features of graviton and gravitino fields the invariance of simple supergravity in d=4 dimension are proved. The complications for higher-dimensional supergravity are explained and d=11 supergravity is presented. The author discusses supersymmetry in anti-de Sitter space, which allows him to introduce the concept of isometries and Killing spinors and vectors. The breaking of supersymmetry (super-Brout-Englert-Higgs effect), off-shell aspects of supergravity and the superconformal multiplet calculus are dealt with. This is first done for gravity, but also for the structure of simple d=4 conformal supergravity. Finally, the coupling of scalar fields to N=1 and N=2 supergravity as an application of this formalism is discussed. (Auth.)

  3. A cosmological problem for maximally symmetric supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    German, G.; Ross, G.G.

    1986-01-01

    Under very general considerations it is shown that inflationary models of the universe based on maximally symmetric supergravity with flat potentials are unable to resolve the cosmological energy density (Polonyi) problem. (orig.)

  4. Minimal solution of general dual fuzzy linear systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abbasbandy, S.; Otadi, M.; Mosleh, M.

    2008-01-01

    Fuzzy linear systems of equations, play a major role in several applications in various area such as engineering, physics and economics. In this paper, we investigate the existence of a minimal solution of general dual fuzzy linear equation systems. Two necessary and sufficient conditions for the minimal solution existence are given. Also, some examples in engineering and economic are considered

  5. Minimal length uncertainty and generalized non-commutative geometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farmany, A.; Abbasi, S.; Darvishi, M.T.; Khani, F.; Naghipour, A.

    2009-01-01

    A generalized formulation of non-commutative geometry for the Bargmann-Fock space of quantum field theory is presented. The analysis is related to the symmetry of the simplistic space and a minimal length uncertainty.

  6. 24 +24 real scalar multiplet in four dimensional N =2 conformal supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hegde, Subramanya; Lodato, Ivano; Sahoo, Bindusar

    2018-03-01

    Starting from the 48 +48 component multiplet of supercurrents for a rigid N =2 tensor multiplet in four spacetime dimensions, we obtain the transformation of the linearized supergravity multiplet which couples to this supercurrent multiplet. At the linearized level, this 48 +48 component supergravity multiplet decouples into the 24 +24 component linearized standard Weyl multiplet and a 24 +24 component irreducible matter multiplet containing a real scalar field. By a consistent application of the supersymmetry algebra with field-dependent structure constants appropriate to N =2 conformal supergravity, we find the full transformation law for this multiplet in a conformal supergravity background. By performing a suitable field redefinition, we find that the multiplet is a generalization of the flat space multiplet, obtained by Howe et al. in Nucl. Phys. B214, 519 (1983), 10.1016/0550-3213(83)90249-3, to a conformal supergravity background. We also present a set of constraints which can be consistently imposed on this multiplet to obtain a restricted minimal 8 +8 off-shell matter multiplet. We also show, as an example, the precise embedding of the tensor multiplet inside this multiplet.

  7. Supergravity and matter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adamietz, P.; Binetruy, P.; Girardi, G.; Grimm, R.

    1992-07-01

    The properties of a linear multiplet in interaction with supergravity and matter are presented, with a special emphasis on the coupling of Chern-Simons forms, relevant for the problem of the chiral and conformal anomalies in relation with Kaehler transformations and the corresponding anomaly cancellations. The linear supermultiplet describes an antisymmetric tensor gauge field together with a dilaton and a Majorana spinor. In particular, these fields are found among the massless modes of superstring theories. The general properties of this supermultiplet is reviewed in the Kaehler superspace formalism and the complete supersymmetric action is constructed. This includes the classically Kaehler invariant component field action for all the kinetic terms as well as a Green-Schwarz type action which exhibits a non-holomorphic gauge coupling function. (author) 32 refs

  8. From supergravity to antigravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scherk, J.

    1979-01-01

    All known extended supergravity models are shown to lead to a short range cancellation of the gravitational attraction between pairs of particles, a phenomenon known by the name 'Antigravity'. A phenomenological model of antigravity based on supergravity models is proposed where the carrier of the antigravitational force is a spin 1 particle (graviphoton). (Auth.)

  9. Applied supersymmetry and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nanopoulos, D.V.

    1986-01-01

    The structure and physical consequences of global and local supersymmetric (SUSY) gauge theories are reviewed. Motivation for SUSY theories, supersymmetry and its physical properties, the observable consequences of SUSY at low energies and super-high energies, physical structure of simple (N=1) supergravity, physics with simple (N=1) supergravity, and the experimental evidence for supersymmetry, are all discussed. (UK)

  10. Supersymmetry and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    West, P.

    1986-01-01

    This book presents a pedagogical introduction of supersymmetry, supergravity and string theories and deals with advanced related topics. Contents: Introduction, The Supersymmetry Algebras; Alternative Approach to the Supersymmetry Algebra; Immediate Consequences of the Supersymmetry Algebra; The Wess-Zumino Model; N = 1 Super QED; N = 1 Super Yang-Mills Theory and the Noether Procedure; Irreducible Representations of Supersymmetry; Simple Supergravity; Invariance of Simple Supergravity; Tensor Calculus of Rigid Supersymmetry; Theories of Extended Rigid Supersymmetry; Local Tensor Calculus and the Coupling of Supergravity to Matter; Superspace; Superspace Formulations of Rigid Supersymmetric Theories; Superspace Formulation of N = 1 Supergravity; N = 1 Super-Feynman Rules; Ultraviolet Properties of the Extended Rigid Supersymmetry Theories; Spontaneous Breaking of Supersymmetry and Realistic Models; Currents in Supersymmetric Theories; Two-Dimensional Supersymmetry Models; Gauge Covariant Formulation of Strings; Appendix A: An Explanation of Our Choices of Conventions; Appendix B: A List of Reviews and Books

  11. Conformal invariance in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bergshoeff, E.A.

    1983-01-01

    In this thesis the author explains the role of conformal invariance in supergravity. He presents the complete structure of extended conformal supergravity for N <= 4. The outline of this work is as follows. In chapter 2 he briefly summarizes the essential properties of supersymmetry and supergravity and indicates the use of conformal invariance in supergravity. The idea that the introduction of additional symmetry transformations can make clear the structure of a field theory is not reserved to supergravity only. By means of some simple examples it is shown in chapter 3 how one can always introduce additional gauge transformations in a theory of massive vector fields. Moreover it is shown how the gauge invariant formulation sometimes explains the quantum mechanical properties of the theory. In chapter 4 the author defines the conformal transformations and summarizes their main properties. He explains how these conformal transformations can be used to analyse the structure of gravity. The supersymmetric extension of these results is discussed in chapter 5. Here he describes as an example how N=1 supergravity can be reformulated in a conformally-invariant way. He also shows that beyond N=1 the gauge fields of the superconformal symmetries do not constitute an off-shell field representation of extended conformal supergravity. Therefore, in chapter 6, a systematic method to construct the off-shell formulation of all extended conformal supergravity theories with N <= 4 is developed. As an example he uses this method to construct N=1 conformal supergravity. Finally, in chapter 7 N=4 conformal supergravity is discussed. (Auth.)

  12. Long range supergravity coupling strengths

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kenyon, I.R.

    1991-01-01

    A limit of 2x10 -13 has recently been deduced for the fractional difference between the gravitational masses of the K 0 and anti K 0 mesons. This limit is applied here to put stringent limits on the strengths of the long range vector-scalar gravitational couplings envisaged in supergravity theories. A weaker limit is inferred from the general relativistic fit to the precession of the orbit of the pulsar PSR1913+16. (orig.)

  13. Supersymmetric and supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pernici, M.

    1986-01-01

    The author addressed problems in Kaluza-Klein supergravity, in supersymmetric theories and in string theories. They constructed the following supergravity theories in higher dimensions: the maximal gauged supergravities in five and seven dimensions, both related to the respective ungauged theory, though the latter cannot be obtained by putting the coupling constant of the gauged version to zero (gauge discontinuity); the ten-dimensional N = 2 non-chiral and the six-dimensional N = 4 supergravities, through trivial dimensional reduction of higher dimensional theories. They studied the Kaluza-Klein compactifications of the seven-dimensional supergravity theories and of the ten-dimensional, N = 2 non-chiral supergravity. They obtained the non-compact gaugings and the critical points of the potential of the maximal gauged supergravity in seven dimensions. They computed the non-abelian chiral anomaly in super Yang-Mills theories, using a variation of the Fujikawa method. The covariant action of the SU(2) spinning string is obtained together with its extension to non-linear sigma models. A covariant action for the free open spinning string field theory is constructed by analyzing the BRST transformations

  14. Minimal representations and Freudenthal triple systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Olive, D.

    2004-01-01

    Unitary representations of noncompact Lie groups have long been sought in physics. The first nice concrete construction was found by Dirac in connection with the anti-de Sitter group. Some subsequent generalizations will be described, in particular the minimal representation thought to be relevant to realising duality in supergravity superstring theories. A relation to Freudenthal triple systems will be described. (author)

  15. Ambitwistor pure spinor string in a type II supergravity background

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandia, Osvaldo [Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez,Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez,Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Peñalolén, Santiago (Chile); Vallilo, Brenno Carlini [Departamento de Ciencias Físicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andres Bello,República 220, Santiago (Chile)

    2015-06-30

    We construct the ambitwistor pure spinor string in a general type II supergravity background in the semi-classical regime. Almost all supergravity constraints are obtained from nilpotency of the BRST charge and further consistency conditions from additional world-sheet the case of AdS{sub 5}×S{sup 5} background.

  16. The Bianchi classification of maximal D = 8 gauged supergravities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergshoeff, Eric; Gran, Ulf; Linares, Román; Nielsen, Mikkel; Ortín, Tomás; Roest, Diederik

    2003-01-01

    We perform the generalized dimensional reduction of D = 11 supergravity over three-dimensional group manifolds as classified by Bianchi. Thus, we construct 11 different maximal D = 8 gauged supergravities, two of which have an additional parameter. One class of group manifolds (class B) leads to

  17. The Bianchi classification of maximal D=8 gauged supergravities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergshoeff, E; Gran, U; Linares, R; Nielsen, M; Ortin, T; Roest, D

    2003-01-01

    We perform the generalized dimensional reduction of D = 11 supergravity over three-dimensional group manifolds as classified by Bianchi. Thus, we construct 11 different maximal D = 8 gauged supergravities, two of which have an additional parameter. One class of group manifolds (class B) leads to

  18. Compactifications of IIA supergravity on SU(2)-structure manifolds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spanjaard, B.

    2008-07-15

    In this thesis, we study compactifications of type IIA supergravity on six-dimensional manifolds with an SU(2)-structure. A general study of six-dimensional manifolds with SU(2)-structure shows that IIA supergravity compactified on such a manifold should yield a four-dimensional gauged N=4 supergravity. We explicitly derive the bosonic spectrum, gauge transformations and action for IIA supergravity compactified on two different manifolds with SU(2)-structure, one of which also has an H{sup (3)}{sub 10}-flux, and confirm that the resulting four-dimensional theories are indeed N=4 gauged supergravities. In the second chapter, we study an explicit construction of a set of SU(2)-structure manifolds. This construction involves a Scherk-Schwarz duality twist reduction of the half-maximal six-dimensional supergravity obtained by compactifying IIA supergravity on a K3. This reduction results in a gauged N=4 four-dimensional supergravity, where the gaugings can be divided into three classes of parameters. We relate two of the classes to parameters we found before, and argue that the third class of parameters could be interpreted as a mirror flux. (orig.)

  19. The antigravitation phenomenon in supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kotrla, M.

    1984-01-01

    The supergravity theories describe the interaction of particles by means of the local field theory, contain the gravitational field and are invariant relative to local supersymmetry. In supergravity models gravitational interaction is mediated not only by the usual tensor field with spin two but also by a vector field and possibly by a scalar field. This results in the fact that in supergravity theories the gravitational force between a particle and an antiparticle may increase over small distances, and the gravitational force between two particles or two antiparticles may disappear. The properties of the model may be summed up by saying that the model is generally covariant but leads to the disturbance of the weak principle of equivalence, the gravitational law differs from Newton's law at small distances, and particles and antiparticles do not have the same mass. (B.S.)

  20. The Wasteland of Random Supergravities

    OpenAIRE

    Marsh, David; McAllister, Liam; Wrase, Timm

    2011-01-01

    We show that in a general \\cal{N} = 1 supergravity with N \\gg 1 scalar fields, an exponentially small fraction of the de Sitter critical points are metastable vacua. Taking the superpotential and Kahler potential to be random functions, we construct a random matrix model for the Hessian matrix, which is well-approximated by the sum of a Wigner matrix and two Wishart matrices. We compute the eigenvalue spectrum analytically from the free convolution of the constituent spectra and find that in ...

  1. Off-shell Poincaré supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freedman, Daniel Z. [SITP and Department of Physics, Stanford University,Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Center for Theoretical Physics and Department of Mathematics,Massachusetts Institute of Technology,Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Roest, Diederik [Van Swinderen Institute for Particle Physics and Gravity, University of Groningen,Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands); Proeyen, Antoine Van [KU Leuven, Institute for Theoretical Physics,Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)

    2017-02-21

    We present the action and transformation rules of Poincaré supergravity coupled to chiral multiplets (z{sup α},χ{sup α},h{sup α}) with off-shell auxiliary fields. Starting from the geometric formulation of the superconformal theory with auxiliary fields, we derive the Poincaré counterpart by gauge-fixing the Weyl and chiral symmetry and S-supersymmetry. We show how this transition is facilitated by retaining explicit target-space covariance. Our results form a convenient starting point to study models with constrained superfields, including general matter-coupled de Sitter supergravity.

  2. Extremal Black Holes in Supergravity and the Bekenstein-Hawking Entropy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. D'Auria

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: We review some results on the connection among supergravity central charges, BPS states and Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. In particular, N = 2 super-gravity in four dimensions is studied in detail. For higher N supergravities we just give an account of the general theory specializing the discussion to the N = 8 case when one half of supersymmetry is preserved. We stress the fact that for extremal supergravity black holes the entropy formula is topological, that is the entropy turns out to be a moduli independent quantity and can be written in terms of invariants of the duality group of the supergravity theory.

  3. Flatspace chiral supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagchi, Arjun; Basu, Rudranil; Detournary, Stéphane; Parekh, Pulastya

    2018-05-01

    We propose a holographic duality between a 2 dimensional (2d) chiral superconformal field theory and a certain theory of supergravity in 3d with flatspace boundary conditions that is obtained as a double scaling limit of a parity breaking theory of supergravity. We show how the asymptotic symmetries of the bulk theory reduce from the "despotic" super Bondi-Metzner-Sachs algebra (or equivalently the inhomogeneous super Galilean conformal algebra) to a single copy of the super-Virasoro algebra in this limit and also reproduce the same reduction from a study of null vectors in the putative 2d dual field theory.

  4. Properties of Nilpotent Supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Dudas, E.; Kehagias, A.; Sagnotti, A.

    2015-09-30

    We construct Supergravity models where the goldstino multiplet has a gravitational origin, being dual to the chiral curvature superfield. Supersymmetry is nonlinearly realized due to a nilpotent constraint, while the goldstino arises from $\\gamma$-traces of the gauge-invariant gravitino field strength. After duality transformations one recovers, as expected, the standard Volkov-Akulov Lagrangian coupled to Supergravity, but the gravitational origin of the goldstino multiplet restricts the available types of matter couplings. We also construct explicitly some inflationary models of this type, which contain both the inflaton and the nilpotent superfield.

  5. Properties of nilpotent supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dudas, E. [Centre de Physique Théorique, École Polytéchnique,F-91128 Palaiseau (France); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY,22607 Hamburg (Germany); Ferrara, S. [Th-Ph Department, CERN,CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); INFN - Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati,Via Enrico Fermi 40, 00044 Frascati (Italy); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California,Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Kehagias, A. [Th-Ph Department, CERN,CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Physics Division, National Technical University of Athens,15780 Zografou, Athens (Greece); Sagnotti, A. [Th-Ph Department, CERN,CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Scuola Normale Superiore and INFN,Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa (Italy)

    2015-09-30

    We construct supergravity models where the goldstino multiplet has a gravitational origin, being dual to the chiral curvature superfield. Supersymmetry is nonlinearly realized due to a nilpotent constraint, while the goldstino arises from γ-traces of the gauge-invariant gravitino field strength. After duality transformations one recovers, as expected, the standard Volkov-Akulov Lagrangian coupled to Supergravity, but the gravitational origin of the goldstino multiplet restricts the available types of matter couplings. We also construct explicitly some inflationary models of this type, which contain both the inflaton and the nilpotent superfield.

  6. Null cone superspace supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Downes-Martin, S.G.

    1980-03-01

    The null cone formalism is used to derive a 2(N-1) parameter family of constraints for O(N) extended superspace supergravity. The invariance groups of these constraints is analysed and is found to be [subgroup U submanifold] contains GL(4,R) for N = 1, the submanifold being eliminated for N > 1. The invariance group defines non-Weyl rotations on the superbein which combine to form Weyl transformations on the supertangent space metric. The invariance of the supergravity Lagrangian under these transformations is discussed. (Auth.)

  7. Quantum supergravity, supergravity anomalies and string phenomenology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaillard, Mary K., E-mail: mkgaillard@lbl.gov

    2016-11-15

    I discuss the role of quantum effects in the phenomenology of effective supergravity theories from compactification of the weakly coupled heterotic string. An accurate incorporation of these effects requires a regularization procedure that respects local supersymmetry and BRST invariance and that retains information associated with the cut-off scale, which has physical meaning in an effective theory. I briefly outline the Pauli–Villars regularization procedure, describe some applications, and comment on what remains to be done to fully define the effective quantum field theory.

  8. Vacuum state supersymmetry in d=11 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vasilevich, D.V.

    1987-01-01

    Supersymmetry of vacuum state in d=11 supergravity is considered. Proceeding on sufficiently general assumptions relatively superformation parameter only Freud-Rubin type solutions may possess supersymmetries. To obtain this result no restrictions on the form of superformation parameter, supealgebra of vacuum global supersymmetry and the form of boson fields were imposed

  9. Supergravities and superstrings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrara, S.

    1988-01-01

    In this paper supergavity theories emerging as the point-field limit of various superstring compactifications are considered, and the higher-order corrections to the standard supergravity Lagrangians are discussed. The structure of the effective Lagrangian for the recently constructed four-dimensional superstring models is also reported

  10. Classical electromagnetic non-minimal coupling for spin 3/2 fields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Villanueva, V. M.; Obregon, O.; Nieto, J. A.

    1996-01-01

    We obtain a non-minimal electromagnetic coupling for spin 3/2 particles from linearized N=2 Supergravity. This coupling coincides with the one found by Ferrara et al. by demanding g=2 at the tree level. Linearized Einstein field equations plus interaction terms are obtained by squaring the Rarita-Schwinger with this non-minimal coupling by using generalized Poisson brackets

  11. New techniques for classic and quantum investigations on supersymmetry and supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carvalho, F.A.B.R. de.

    1986-01-01

    Aspects on supersymmetry and supergravity are studied. The superfield Feynman rules are obtained, where global supersymmetry is spontaneously broken by F-terms. The complete superspace dependence of superpropagators is factored out, which are used to discuss corrections for the effective action and the non-renormalization theorems. The external gauge superfield coupling, taking in account the finite matter contributions to the gauging mass and the Fayet-Illiopoulos term, is discussed. By considering, the arbitrary globally supersymmetric Abelian gauge theory, the most general shifts on the matter and gauge superfields are carried out. The superpropagators are derived and used to discuss the structure of the terms generated into the effective action. An algorithm to obtain the minimal set of auxiliary field for the femionic of supergravity theories. Explicit examples are shown as illustrations and the N=1, N=10, studied in detail. (M.C.K.) [pt

  12. Gauged supergravities in various spacetime dimensions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weidner, M.

    2006-12-15

    In this thesis we study the gaugings of extended supergravity theories in various space-time dimensions. These theories describe the low-energy limit of non-trivial string compactifications. For each theory under consideration we work out all possible gaugings that are compatible with supersymmetry. They are parameterized by the so-called embedding tensor which is a group theoretical object that has to satisfy certain representation constraints. This embedding tensor determines all couplings in the gauged theory that are necessary to preserve gauge invariance and supersymmetry. The concept of the embedding tensor and the general structure of the gauged supergravities are explained in detail. The methods are then applied to the half-maximal (N=4) supergravities in d=4 and d=5 and to the maximal supergravities in d=2 and d=7. Examples of particular gaugings are given. Whenever possible, the higher-dimensional origin of these theories is identified and it is shown how the compactification parameters like fluxes and torsion are contained in the embedding tensor. (orig.)

  13. Supergravity duals of matrix string theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morales, Jose F.; Samtleben, Henning

    2002-01-01

    We study holographic duals of type II and heterotic matrix string theories described by warped AdS 3 supergravities. By explicitly solving the linearized equations of motion around near horizon D-string geometries, we determine the spectrum of Kaluza-Klein primaries for type I, II supergravities on warped AdS 3 xS 7 . The results match those coming from the dual two-dimensional gauge theories living on the D-string worldvolumes. We briefly discuss the connections with the N=(8,8), N=(8,0) orbifold superconformal field theories to which type IIB/heterotic matrix strings flow in the infrared. In particular, we associate the dimension (h,h-bar) (32,32) twisted operator which brings the matrix string theories out from the conformal point (R; 8 ) N /S N with the dilaton profile in the supergravity background. The familiar dictionary between masses and 'scaling' dimensions of field and operators are modified by the presence of non-trivial warp factors and running dilatons. These modifications are worked out for the general case of domain wall/QFT correspondences between supergravities on warped AdS d+1 xS q geometries and super Yang-Mills theories with 16 supercharges. (author)

  14. Is supergravity well-posed?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Isenberg, J.; Bao, D.; Yasskin, P.B.

    1983-01-01

    One rather fundamental question concerning supergravity remains unresolved: Is supergravity a well-posed field theory? That is, does a set of certain (Cauchy) data specified on some initial spacelike surface determine a unique, causally propagating spacetime solution of the supergravity field equations (at least in some finite neighborhood of the initial surface)? In this paper, the authors give a very brief report on work directed towards answering this question. (Auth.)

  15. Off-shell supergravity in five dimensions and supersymmetric brane world scenarios

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zucker, M.

    2000-08-01

    In order to supersymmetrize the Randall-Sundrum setup it proves useful to start with an off-shell formulation of five dimensional supergravity. So far, this theory has only been known on-shell. The first part of this thesis is concerned with the construction of five dimensional N=2 off-shell supergravity. We develop the complete local tensor calculus. The basic building block is the minimal multiplet which contains the propagating fields of supergravity. The minimal multiplet is completed by several auxiliary fields, extending the field content to (40+40) components. The supersymmetry transformation laws for all matter multiplets with (8 + 8) components are given. Using these results, action formulas for all multiplets are presented. In particular, we give three different off-shell formulations of supergravity and gauged supergravity. Next, gauged supergravity on the orbifold S 1 /Z 2 is constructed. Consistent implementation of the Z 2 transformation shows that the minimal multiplet projected to the fixpoints of the orbifold forms a non-minimal N=1 supergravity multiplet in four dimensions. We use this observation to supersymmetrize the Randall-Sundrum scenario. This result is extended to matter located at the fixpoints which we couple in a manifestly supersymmetric way to the supergravity in the bulk. We consider chiral and super Yang-Mills multiplets at the fixpoints. (orig.)

  16. Inoenue-Wigner contraction and D = 2 + 1 supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Concha, P.K.; Rodriguez, E.K. [Universidad Adolfo Ibanez, Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales, Vina del Mar (Chile); Universidad Austral de Chile, Instituto de Ciencias Fisicas y Matematicas, Valdivia (Chile); Fierro, O. [Universidad Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion, Departamento de Matematica y Fisica Aplicadas, Concepcion (Chile)

    2017-01-15

    We present a generalization of the standard Inoenue-Wigner contraction by rescaling not only the generators of a Lie superalgebra but also the arbitrary constants appearing in the components of the invariant tensor. The procedure presented here allows one to obtain explicitly the Chern-Simons supergravity action of a contracted superalgebra. In particular we show that the Poincare limit can be performed to a D = 2 + 1 (p,q) AdS Chern-Simons supergravity in presence of the exotic form. We also construct a new three-dimensional (2,0) Maxwell Chern-Simons supergravity theory as a particular limit of (2,0) AdS-Lorentz supergravity theory. The generalization for N = p + q gravitinos is also considered. (orig.)

  17. Minimalism

    CERN Document Server

    Obendorf, Hartmut

    2009-01-01

    The notion of Minimalism is proposed as a theoretical tool supporting a more differentiated understanding of reduction and thus forms a standpoint that allows definition of aspects of simplicity. This book traces the development of minimalism, defines the four types of minimalism in interaction design, and looks at how to apply it.

  18. Grand unification and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nanopoulos, D.V.

    Grand Unified Theories (GUTs) are very successful, but they suffer from fine-tuning or hierarchy problems. It seems that more symmetry beyond the gauge symmetry is needed and indeed supersymmetric GUTs may provide the correct framework in solving the hierarchy problems. These are reviewed. From the results discussed, it is seen that for the first time in particle physics, gravity seems to play a dominant role. It may be responsible for GUT breaking, SU(2) x U(1) breaking, fermion masses, proton decay and a consistent cosmological picture. Supergravity seems to offer a consistent, effective theory for energies below the Planck scale to N=1 local SUSY but also, in the context of N=8 extended supergravity with a dynamically realized SU(8), there may be a consistent fundamental unified theory of all interactions. (U.K.)

  19. Inflaton decay in supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Endo, M.; Takahashi, F. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Yanagida, T.T. [Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics]|[Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Research Center for the Early Universe

    2007-06-15

    We discuss inflaton decay in supergravity, taking account of the gravitational effects. It is shown that, if the inflaton has a nonzero vacuum expectation value, it generically couples to any matter fields that appear in the superpotential at the tree level, and to any gauge sectors through anomalies in the supergravity. Through these processes, the inflaton generically decays into the supersymmetry breaking sector, producing many gravitinos. The inflaton also directly decays into a pair of the gravitinos. We derive constraints on both inflation models and supersymmetry breaking scenarios for avoiding overproduction of the gravitinos. Furthermore, the inflaton naturally decays into the visible sector via the top Yukawa coupling and SU(3){sub C} gauge interactions. (orig.)

  20. Inflaton decay in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endo, M.; Takahashi, F.; Yanagida, T.T.; Tokyo Univ.

    2007-06-01

    We discuss inflaton decay in supergravity, taking account of the gravitational effects. It is shown that, if the inflaton has a nonzero vacuum expectation value, it generically couples to any matter fields that appear in the superpotential at the tree level, and to any gauge sectors through anomalies in the supergravity. Through these processes, the inflaton generically decays into the supersymmetry breaking sector, producing many gravitinos. The inflaton also directly decays into a pair of the gravitinos. We derive constraints on both inflation models and supersymmetry breaking scenarios for avoiding overproduction of the gravitinos. Furthermore, the inflaton naturally decays into the visible sector via the top Yukawa coupling and SU(3) C gauge interactions. (orig.)

  1. Covariant field equations in supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vanhecke, Bram [KU Leuven, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Leuven (Belgium); Ghent University, Faculty of Physics, Gent (Belgium); Proeyen, Antoine van [KU Leuven, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Leuven (Belgium)

    2017-12-15

    Covariance is a useful property for handling supergravity theories. In this paper, we prove a covariance property of supergravity field equations: under reasonable conditions, field equations of supergravity are covariant modulo other field equations. We prove that for any supergravity there exist such covariant equations of motion, other than the regular equations of motion, that are equivalent to the latter. The relations that we find between field equations and their covariant form can be used to obtain multiplets of field equations. In practice, the covariant field equations are easily found by simply covariantizing the ordinary field equations. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  2. Covariant field equations in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vanhecke, Bram; Proeyen, Antoine van

    2017-01-01

    Covariance is a useful property for handling supergravity theories. In this paper, we prove a covariance property of supergravity field equations: under reasonable conditions, field equations of supergravity are covariant modulo other field equations. We prove that for any supergravity there exist such covariant equations of motion, other than the regular equations of motion, that are equivalent to the latter. The relations that we find between field equations and their covariant form can be used to obtain multiplets of field equations. In practice, the covariant field equations are easily found by simply covariantizing the ordinary field equations. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  3. Noncompact N=2 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wit, B. de; Lauwers, P.G.; Philippe, R.; Van Proeyen, A.

    1983-10-01

    A massive spin-1 multiplet with central charge is coupled to N=2 supergravity. Compared to conventional gauge fields the anomalous magnetic moment of the spin-1 particles is of opposite sign. The construction of this theory is based on an N=2 supersymmetric gauge theory associated with the noncompact group SO(2,1). As a byproduct we present a convenient expression for the N=2 Einstein-Yang-Mills lagrangian. (Auth.)

  4. Pole inflation in Jordan frame supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saikawa, Ken' ichi [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Yamaguchi, Masahide [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Ookayama (Japan). Dept. of Physics; Yamashita, Yasuho [Kyoto Univ. (Japan). Yukawa Inst. for Theoretical Physics; Yoshida, Daisuke [Montreal Univ., QC (Canada). Dept. of Physics

    2017-09-15

    We investigate inflation models in Jordan frame supergravity, in which an inflaton non-minimally couples to the scalar curvature. By imposing the condition that an inflaton would have the canonical kinetic term in the Jordan frame, we construct inflation models with asymptotically flat potential through pole inflation technique and discuss their relation to the models based on Einstein frame supergravity. We also show that the model proposed by Ferrara et al. has special position and the relation between the Kaehler potential and the frame function is uniquely determined by requiring that scalars take the canonical kinetic terms in the Jordan frame and that a frame function consists only of a holomorphic term (and its anti-holomorphic counterpart) for symmetry breaking terms. Our case corresponds to relaxing the latter condition.

  5. Scattering equations, supergravity integrands, and pure spinors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adamo, Tim; Casali, Eduardo [Department of Applied Mathematics & Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Wilberforce Road, Cambridge CB3 0WA (United Kingdom)

    2015-05-25

    The tree-level S-matrix of type II supergravity can be computed in scattering equation form by correlators in a worldsheet theory analogous to a chiral, infinite tension limit of the pure spinor formalism. By defining a non-minimal version of this theory, we give a prescription for computing correlators on higher genus worldsheets which manifest space-time supersymmetry. These correlators are conjectured to provide the loop integrands of supergravity scattering amplitudes, supported on the scattering equations. We give non-trivial evidence in support of this conjecture at genus one and two with four external states. Throughout, we find a close correspondence with the pure spinor formalism of superstring theory, particularly regarding regulators and zero-mode counting.

  6. Scattering equations, supergravity integrands, and pure spinors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adamo, Tim; Casali, Eduardo

    2015-01-01

    The tree-level S-matrix of type II supergravity can be computed in scattering equation form by correlators in a worldsheet theory analogous to a chiral, infinite tension limit of the pure spinor formalism. By defining a non-minimal version of this theory, we give a prescription for computing correlators on higher genus worldsheets which manifest space-time supersymmetry. These correlators are conjectured to provide the loop integrands of supergravity scattering amplitudes, supported on the scattering equations. We give non-trivial evidence in support of this conjecture at genus one and two with four external states. Throughout, we find a close correspondence with the pure spinor formalism of superstring theory, particularly regarding regulators and zero-mode counting.

  7. Pole inflation in Jordan frame supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saikawa, Ken'ichi; Yamaguchi, Masahide; Yamashita, Yasuho; Yoshida, Daisuke

    2017-09-01

    We investigate inflation models in Jordan frame supergravity, in which an inflaton non-minimally couples to the scalar curvature. By imposing the condition that an inflaton would have the canonical kinetic term in the Jordan frame, we construct inflation models with asymptotically flat potential through pole inflation technique and discuss their relation to the models based on Einstein frame supergravity. We also show that the model proposed by Ferrara et al. has special position and the relation between the Kaehler potential and the frame function is uniquely determined by requiring that scalars take the canonical kinetic terms in the Jordan frame and that a frame function consists only of a holomorphic term (and its anti-holomorphic counterpart) for symmetry breaking terms. Our case corresponds to relaxing the latter condition.

  8. Supergravity tensor calculus in 5D from 6D

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kugo, Taichiro; Ohashi, Keisuke

    2000-01-01

    Supergravity tensor calculus in five spacetime dimensions is derived by dimensional reduction from the d=6 superconformal tensor calculus. In particular, we obtain an off-shell hypermultiplet in 5D from the on-shell hypermultiplet in 6D. Our tensor calculus retains the dilatation gauge symmetry, so that it is a trivial gauge fixing to make the Einstein term canonical in a general matter-Yang-Mills-supergravity coupled system. (author)

  9. Newton-Cartan supergravity with torsion and Schrodinger supergravity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergshoeff, Eric; Rosseel, Jan; Zojer, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    We derive a torsionfull version of three-dimensional N - 2 Newton-Cartan supergravity using a non-relativistic notion of the superconformal tensor calculus. The "superconformal" theory that we start with is Schrodinger supergravity which we obtain by gauging the Schrodinger superalgebra. We present

  10. Linearly convergent stochastic heavy ball method for minimizing generalization error

    KAUST Repository

    Loizou, Nicolas

    2017-10-30

    In this work we establish the first linear convergence result for the stochastic heavy ball method. The method performs SGD steps with a fixed stepsize, amended by a heavy ball momentum term. In the analysis, we focus on minimizing the expected loss and not on finite-sum minimization, which is typically a much harder problem. While in the analysis we constrain ourselves to quadratic loss, the overall objective is not necessarily strongly convex.

  11. Uniqueness of Steiner minimal trees on boundaries in general position

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ivanov, A O; Tuzhilin, A A

    2006-01-01

    The following result is proved: there exists an open dense subset U of R 2n such that each P element of U (regarded as an enumerated subset of the standard Euclidean plane R 2 ) is spanned by a unique Steiner minimal tree, that is, a shortest non-degenerate network. Several interesting consequences are also obtained: in particular, it is proved that each planar Steiner tree is planar equivalent to a Steiner minimal tree.

  12. Introduction to supersymmetry and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    West, P.

    1986-01-01

    This book gives views of supersymmetry and supergravity. The contents include; alternative approach to supersymmetry algebra; immediate consequences of supersymmetry algebra; Wess-Zumino model. N=1 Super QED. N=1 super Yang Mills theory and the Noether procedure; irreducible representations of supersymmetry; invariance of simple supergravity and theories of extended rigid supersymmetry

  13. Higher curvature supergravity and cosmology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrara, Sergio [Th-Ph Department, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); U.C.L.A., Los Angeles, CA (United States); INFN - LNF, Frascati (Italy); Sagnotti, Augusto [Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa (Italy); INFN, Pisa (Italy)

    2016-04-15

    In this contribution we describe dual higher-derivative formulations of some cosmological models based on supergravity. Work in this direction started with the R + R{sup 2} Starobinsky model, whose supersymmetric extension was derived in the late 80's and was recently revived in view of new CMB data. Models dual to higher-derivative theories are subject to more restrictions than their bosonic counterparts or standard supergravity. The three sections are devoted to a brief description of R + R{sup 2} supergravity, to a scale invariant R{sup 2} supergravity and to theories with a nilpotent curvature, whose duals describe non-linear realizations (in the form of a Volkov-Akulov constrained superfield) coupled to supergravity. (copyright 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  14. Generalized isoperimetric inequalities for extrinsic balls in minimal submanifolds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markvorsen, Steen; Palmer, Vicente

    2002-01-01

    The volume of an extrinsic ball in a minimal submanifold has a well defined lower bound when the ambient manifold has an upper bound on its sectional curvatures, see e.g. [2] and [10]. When this upper bound is non-positive, the second named author has shown an isoperimetric inequality for such do...

  15. Linearly convergent stochastic heavy ball method for minimizing generalization error

    KAUST Repository

    Loizou, Nicolas; Richtarik, Peter

    2017-01-01

    In this work we establish the first linear convergence result for the stochastic heavy ball method. The method performs SGD steps with a fixed stepsize, amended by a heavy ball momentum term. In the analysis, we focus on minimizing the expected loss

  16. On the construction of supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holten, J.W. van.

    1980-01-01

    A precise and technical definition of supersymmetry is given. The theory of SO(2) supergravity is presented. The linearized version of the full multiplet, including auxiliary fields, of this theory as well as of certain matter multiplets, are constructed. These results are extended to all orders in the coupling constant kappa. Finally, the quantization procedure for theories with local gauge invariance and its generalization for theories with non-closing, or open, gauge algebras is presented. (Auth.)

  17. Gauged Supergravities and Spontaneous Supersymmetry Breaking from the Double Copy Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiodaroli, M.; Günaydin, M.; Johansson, H.; Roiban, R.

    2018-04-01

    Supergravities with gauged R symmetry and Minkowski vacua allow for spontaneous supersymmetry breaking and, as such, provide a framework for building supergravity models of phenomenological relevance. In this Letter, we initiate the study of double copy constructions for these supergravities. We argue that, on general grounds, we expect their scattering amplitudes to be described by a double copy of the type (spontaneously broken gauge theory)⊗ (gauge theory with broken supersymmetry). We present a simple realization in which the resulting supergravity has U (1 )R gauge symmetry, spontaneously broken N =2 supersymmetry, and massive gravitini. This is the first instance of a double copy construction of a gauged supergravity and of a theory with spontaneously broken supersymmetry. The construction extends in a straightforward manner to a large family of gauged Yang-Mills-Einstein supergravity theories with or without spontaneous gauge-symmetry breaking.

  18. Non-minimal fields of the pure spinor string in general curved backgrounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chandia, Osvaldo [Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez,Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez,Diagonal Las Torres 2640, Peñalolén, Santiago (Chile); Vallilo, Brenno Carlini [Departamento de Ciencias Físicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andrés Bello,República 220, Santiago (Chile)

    2015-02-16

    We study the coupling of the non-minimal ghost fields of the pure spinor superstring in general curved backgrounds. The coupling is found solving the consistency relations from the nilpotency of the non-minimal BRST charge.

  19. A superstring field theory for supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reid-Edwards, R. A.; Riccombeni, D. A.

    2017-09-01

    A covariant closed superstring field theory, equivalent to classical tendimensional Type II supergravity, is presented. The defining conformal field theory is the ambitwistor string worldsheet theory of Mason and Skinner. This theory is known to reproduce the scattering amplitudes of Cachazo, He and Yuan in which the scattering equations play an important role and the string field theory naturally incorporates these results. We investigate the operator formalism description of the ambitwsitor string and propose an action for the string field theory of the bosonic and supersymmetric theories. The correct linearised gauge symmetries and spacetime actions are explicitly reproduced and evidence is given that the action is correct to all orders. The focus is on the NeveuSchwarz sector and the explicit description of tree level perturbation theory about flat spacetime. Application of the string field theory to general supergravity backgrounds and the inclusion of the Ramond sector are briefly discussed.

  20. Spontaneous breaking of supersymmetry and gauge invariance in supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sohnius, M. (European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland)); West, P. (King' s Coll., London (UK). Dept. of Mathematics)

    1982-08-09

    Using the new minimal auxillary fields of N = 1 supergravity it is found possible to construct a model of local supersymmetry which spontaneously breaks both supersymmetry and gauge invariance. The status of the cosmological constant resulting from this breaking is discussed.

  1. Spontaneous breaking of supersymmetry and gauge invariance in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sohnius, M.; West, P.

    1982-01-01

    Using the new minimal auxillary fields of N = 1 supergravity it is found possible to construct a model of local supersymmetry which spontaneously breaks both supersymmetry and gauge invariance. The status of the cosmological constant resulting from this breaking is discussed. (orig.)

  2. Background metric in supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yoneya, T.

    1978-01-01

    In supergravity theories, we investigate the conformal anomaly of the path-integral determinant and the problem of fermion zero modes in the presence of a nontrivial background metric. Except in SO(3) -invariant supergravity, there are nonvanishing conformal anomalies. As a consequence, amplitudes around the nontrivial background metric contain unpredictable arbitrariness. The fermion zero modes which are explicitly constructed for the Euclidean Schwarzschild metric are interpreted as an indication of the supersymmetric multiplet structure of a black hole. The degree of degeneracy of a black hole is 2/sup 4n/ in SO(n) supergravity

  3. The gauge-invariant N=2 supersymmetric sigma-model with general scalar potential

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sierra, G.; Townsend, P.K.

    1984-01-01

    We construct the supersymmetric sigma-model, in six dimensions, for an arbitrary hyper-Kaehler manifold, and its minimal coupling to super-Yang-Mills theory. Non-trivial reduction to five or four dimensions yields the corresponding five- or four-dimensional N=2 supersymmetric model with general scalar potential. We discuss briefly the coupling to supergravity in six dimensions and we give the on-shell supergravity torsion constraints. (orig.)

  4. Supersymmetric couplings and trajectories in N = 1 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Castagnino, M.; Umerez, N.; Domenech, G.; Levinas, M.

    1989-01-01

    The present work deals with the classical behaviour of matter represented by chiral multiplets in a background of N = 1 supergravity. The WKB method is used. It is shown that supersymmetric coupling leads, at the lowest order, to a non-geodesic motion law for spin-1/2 matter. This result permits us to establish physical differences with respect to gravitational theories with minimal coupled matter Lagrangians. Deviations from the Newton law are found, allowing us to speculate about low-energy effects for testing supergravity. (author)

  5. Primal Interior Point Method for Minimization of Generalized Minimax Functions

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lukšan, Ladislav; Matonoha, Ctirad; Vlček, Jan

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 46, č. 4 (2010), s. 697-721 ISSN 0023-5954 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA201/09/1957 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : unconstrained optimization * large-scale optimization * nonsmooth optimization * generalized minimax optimization * interior-point methods * modified Newton methods * variable metric methods * global convergence * computational experiments Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.461, year: 2010 http://dml.cz/handle/10338.dmlcz/140779

  6. Generalized minimizers of convex integral functionals, Bregman distance, Pythagorean identities

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Imre, C.; Matúš, František

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 48, č. 4 (2012), s. 637-689 ISSN 0023-5954 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA201/08/0539; GA ČR GAP202/10/0618 Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : maximum entropy * moment constraint * generalized primal/dual solutions * normal integrand * convex duality * Bregman projection * inference principles Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.619, year: 2012 http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2012/MTR/matus-0381750.pdf

  7. Supersymmetry, supergravity and particle physics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nilles, H.P.

    1984-01-01

    We give a short introduction to N=1 supersymmetry and supergravity and review the attempts to construct models in which the breakdown scale of the weak interactions is related to supersymmetry breaking. (orig.)

  8. Tribrid Inflation in Supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Antusch, Stefan; Dutta, Koushik; Kostka, Philipp M.

    2010-01-01

    We propose a novel class of F-term hybrid inflation models in supergravity (SUGRA) where the η-problem is resolved using either a Heisenberg symmetry or a shift symmetry of the Kaehler potential. In addition to the inflaton and the waterfall field, this class (referred to as tribrid inflation) contains a third 'driving' field which contributes the large vacuum energy during inflation by its F-term. In contrast to the 'standard' hybrid scenario, it has several attractive features due to the property of vanishing inflationary superpotential (W inf = 0) during inflation. While the symmetries of the Kaehler potential ensure a flat inflaton potential at tree-level, quantum corrections induced by symmetry breaking terms in the superpotential generate a slope of the potential and lead to a spectral tilt consistent with recent WMAP observations.

  9. Tribrid Inflation in Supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antusch, Stefan; Dutta, Koushik; Kostka, Philipp M.

    We propose a novel class of F-term hybrid inflation models in supergravity (SUGRA) where the η-problem is resolved using either a Heisenberg symmetry or a shift symmetry of the Kähler potential. In addition to the inflaton and the waterfall field, this class (referred to as tribrid inflation) contains a third "driving" field which contributes the large vacuum energy during inflation by its F-term. In contrast to the "standard" hybrid scenario, it has several attractive features due to the property of vanishing inflationary superpotential (Winf = 0) during inflation. Quantum corrections induced by symmetry breaking terms in the superpotential generate a slope of the potential and lead to a spectral tilt consistent with recent WMAP observations.

  10. The integral form of supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castellani, L. [Dipartimento di Scienze e Innovazione Tecnologica, Università del Piemonte Orientale,Viale T. Michel, 11, 15121 Alessandria (Italy); INFN - Sezione di Torino,via P. Giuria 1, 10125 Torino (Italy); Catenacci, R. [Dipartimento di Scienze e Innovazione Tecnologica, Università del Piemonte Orientale,Viale T. Michel, 11, 15121 Alessandria (Italy); Gruppo Nazionale di Fisica Matematica, INdAM,P.le Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Roma (Italy); Grassi, P.A. [Dipartimento di Scienze e Innovazione Tecnologica, Università del Piemonte Orientale,Viale T. Michel, 11, 15121 Alessandria (Italy); INFN - Sezione di Torino,via P. Giuria 1, 10125 Torino (Italy)

    2016-10-11

    By using integral forms we derive the superspace action of D=3,N=1 supergravity as an integral on a supermanifold. The construction is based on target space picture changing operators, here playing the rôle of Poincaré duals to the lower-dimensional spacetime surfaces embedded into the supermanifold. We show how the group geometrical action based on the group manifold approach interpolates between the superspace and the component supergravity actions, thus providing another proof of their equivalence.

  11. Matter couplings in supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bagger, J.A.

    1983-01-01

    The N = 1 supersymmetric nonlinear sigma model is coupled to supergravity. The results are expressed in the language of Kahler geometry. Topological considerations constrain the scalar fields to lie on a Kahler manifold of restricted type, or a Hodge manifold. For topologically nontrivial manifolds, this leads to the quantization of Newton's constant in terms of the scalar self-coupling. The isometries of the N = 1 model are gauged. This gives a geometrical picture of what might be called the gauge invariant supersymmetric nonlinear sigma model. It also provides a new interpretation of the Fayet-Iliopoulos D-term. The gauge invariant supersymmetric nonlinear sigma model is coupled to N = 1 supergravity. This leads to a deeper understanding of the connections between supergravity, R-invariance and the Fayet-Iliopoulos D-term. It also provides a foundation for phenomenological studies of supergravity theories. Finally, the N = 2 supersymmetric nonlinear sigma model is coupled to supergravity. The scalar fields are found to lie on a negatively curved quaternionic manifold. This implies that matter self-couplings that are allowed in N = 2 supersymmetry are forbidden in N = 2 supergravity, and vice versa

  12. On the consistency of classical and quantum supergravity theories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hack, Thomas-Paul [II. Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Hamburg (Germany); Makedonski, Mathias [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Copenhagen (Denmark); Schenkel, Alexander [Department of Stochastics, University of Wuppertal (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    It is known that pure N=1 supergravity in d=4 spacetime dimensions is consistent at a classical and quantum level, i.e. that in a particular gauge the field equations assume a hyperbolic form - ensuring causal propagation of the degrees of freedom - and that the associated canonical quantum field theory satisfies unitarity. It seems, however, that it is yet unclear whether these properties persist if one considers the more general and realistic case of N=1, d=4 supergravity theories including arbitrary matter fields. We partially clarify the issue by introducing novel hyperbolic gauges for the gravitino field and proving that they commute with the resulting equations of motion. Moreover, we review recent partial results on the unitarity of these general supergravity theories and suggest first steps towards a comprehensive unitarity proof.

  13. Supersymmetric black holes in N = 2 supergravity theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aichelburg, P.C.

    1982-01-01

    We present an exact, asymptotically flat, stationary solution of the field equations of O(2) extended supergravity theory. This solution has a mass, central electric charge as well as a supercharge and constitutes the first exact, supersymmetric generalization of the black hole geometries. The solution generalizes the extreme Reissner-Nordstroem black holes. (Author)

  14. Scale invariant Volkov–Akulov supergravity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Ferrara

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available A scale invariant goldstino theory coupled to supergravity is obtained as a standard supergravity dual of a rigidly scale-invariant higher-curvature supergravity with a nilpotent chiral scalar curvature. The bosonic part of this theory describes a massless scalaron and a massive axion in a de Sitter Universe.

  15. Scale invariant Volkov–Akulov supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrara, S., E-mail: sergio.ferrara@cern.ch [Th-Ph Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); INFN – Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Via Enrico Fermi 40, 00044 Frascati (Italy); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Porrati, M., E-mail: mp9@nyu.edu [Th-Ph Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); CCPP, Department of Physics, NYU, 4 Washington Pl., New York, NY 10003 (United States); Sagnotti, A., E-mail: sagnotti@sns.it [Th-Ph Department, CERN, CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Scuola Normale Superiore and INFN, Piazza dei Cavalieri 7, 56126 Pisa (Italy)

    2015-10-07

    A scale invariant goldstino theory coupled to supergravity is obtained as a standard supergravity dual of a rigidly scale-invariant higher-curvature supergravity with a nilpotent chiral scalar curvature. The bosonic part of this theory describes a massless scalaron and a massive axion in a de Sitter Universe.

  16. On-shell diagrams for N=8 supergravity amplitudes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heslop, Paul; Lipstein, Arthur E. [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Durham University,Lower Mountjoy, Stockton Road, Durham, DH1 3LE (United Kingdom)

    2016-06-10

    We define recursion relations for N=8 supergravity amplitudes using a generalization of the on-shell diagrams developed for planar N=4 super-Yang-Mills. Although the recursion relations generically give rise to non-planar on-shell diagrams, we show that at tree-level the recursion can be chosen to yield only planar diagrams, the same diagrams occurring in the planar N=4 theory. This implies non-trivial identities for non-planar diagrams as well as interesting relations between the N=4 and N=8 theories. We show that the on-shell diagrams of N=8 supergravity obey equivalence relations analogous to those of N=4 super-Yang-Mills, and we develop a systematic algorithm for reading off Grassmannian integral formulae directly from the on-shell diagrams. We also show that the 1-loop 4-point amplitude of N=8 supergravity can be obtained from on-shell diagrams.

  17. Supersymmetric AdS6 solutions of type IIB supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Hyojoong; Kim, Nakwoo; Suh, Minwoo

    2015-01-01

    We study the general requirement for supersymmetric AdS 6 solutions in type IIB supergravity. We employ the Killing spinor technique and study the differential and algebraic relations among various Killing spinor bilinears to find the canonical form of the solutions. Our result agrees precisely with the work of Apruzzi et al. (JHEP 1411:099, 2014), which used the pure spinor technique. Hoping to identify the geometry of the problem, we also computed four-dimensional theory through the dimensional reduction of type IIB supergravity on AdS 6 . This effective action is essentially a non-linear sigma model with five scalar fields parametrizing SL(3,ℝ)/SO(2,1), modified by a scalar potential and coupled to Einstein gravity in Euclidean signature. We argue that the scalar potential can be explained by a subgroup CSO(1,1,1) ⊂SL(3,ℝ) in a way analogous to gauged supergravity

  18. Two-Field Analysis of No-Scale Supergravity Inflation

    CERN Document Server

    Ellis, John; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V; Olive, Keith A

    2015-01-01

    Since the building-blocks of supersymmetric models include chiral superfields containing pairs of effective scalar fields, a two-field approach is particularly appropriate for models of inflation based on supergravity. In this paper, we generalize the two-field analysis of the inflationary power spectrum to supergravity models with arbitrary K\\"ahler potential. We show how two-field effects in the context of no-scale supergravity can alter the model predictions for the scalar spectral index $n_s$ and the tensor-to-scalar ratio $r$, yielding results that interpolate between the Planck-friendly Starobinsky model and BICEP2-friendly predictions. In particular, we show that two-field effects in a chaotic no-scale inflation model with a quadratic potential are capable of reducing $r$ to very small values $\\ll 0.1$. We also calculate the non-Gaussianity measure $f_{\\rm NL}$, finding that is well below the current experimental sensitivity.

  19. Residual supersymmetry of compactified d = 10 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wit, B. de; Smit, D.J.; Hari Dass, N.D.

    1986-05-01

    The conditions for residual supersymmetry in compactified ten-dimensional supergravity theories are investigated, including the effect of a non-constant 'warp factor'. The analysis is based on on-shell transformation laws which implies that certain linear combinations of classical field equations must be satisfied. The conditions for superysymmetry are, in general, not very restrictive. When, in addition, one assumes the validity of Bianchi identities, two independent contractions of the Einstein equation are implied. These equations exclude d=4 de Sitter space; for compactifications to d=4 Minkowski space they only allow purely metric Ricci-flat field configurations with constant warp factor. (Auth.)

  20. The simplest group of Einstein supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ogievetsky, V.I.; Sokatchev, E.S.

    1979-01-01

    The simplest supergroup of Einstein supergravity is considered. It is the complex supergroup of general coordinate transformations in left- and right-handed chiral conjugated superspaces restricted by the condition of left- and right- supervolume-preservation. The real part of the vector coordinate of the superspace is identified with the space-time coordinate xsup(m) and the imaginary one, with the axial gravitational superfield Hsup(m) (x, theta, anti theta). The transformations of the field components of Hsup(m) are studied in detail. The approach described is the geometrical basis of the so-called ''tensor calculus''

  1. 6D supergravity. Warped solution and gravity mediated supersymmetry breaking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luedeling, C

    2006-07-15

    We consider compactified six-dimensional gauged supergravity and find the general warped solution with four-dimensional maximal symmetry. Important features of the solution such as the number and position of singularities are determined by a free holomorphic function. Furthermore, in a particular torus compactification we derive the supergravity coupling of brane fields by the Noether procedure and investigate gravity-mediated supersymmetry breaking. The effective Kaehler potential is not sequestered, yet tree level gravity mediation is absent as long as the superpotential is independent of the radius modulus. (orig.)

  2. 6D supergravity. Warped solution and gravity mediated supersymmetry breaking

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luedeling, C.

    2006-07-01

    We consider compactified six-dimensional gauged supergravity and find the general warped solution with four-dimensional maximal symmetry. Important features of the solution such as the number and position of singularities are determined by a free holomorphic function. Furthermore, in a particular torus compactification we derive the supergravity coupling of brane fields by the Noether procedure and investigate gravity-mediated supersymmetry breaking. The effective Kaehler potential is not sequestered, yet tree level gravity mediation is absent as long as the superpotential is independent of the radius modulus. (orig.)

  3. Studies in gravity and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Castellani, L.

    1981-01-01

    The canonical treatment for theories with local gauge invariances is reviewed and an algorithm for the construction of all the gauge generators is found. This algorithm is then applied to Yang-Mills theories and to (metric) gravity. The first part of the work is concluded with a complete treatment of hamiltonian first order tetrad gravity. In the second part, the geometrical aspects of (super)gravity theories are concentrated on. After an interlude with path integrals in curved space (equivalence is shown with canonical quantization), N = 2 supergravity in superspace, and conformal supergravity in the group manifold scenario are studied. A progress report is added, regarding a study on higher divergences in quantum field theory

  4. Scrutinizing supergravity models through neutrino telescopes

    CERN Document Server

    Gandhi, R; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V; Yuan, K; Zichichi, Antonino; Gandhi, Raj; Lopez, Jorge L.; Yuan, Kajia

    1994-01-01

    Galactic halo neutralinos ($\\chi$) captured by the Sun or Earth produce high-energy neutrinos as end-products of various annihilation modes. These neutrinos can travel from the Sun or Earth cores to the neighborhood of underground detectors (``neutrino telescopes") where they can interact and produce upwardly-moving muons. We compute these muon fluxes in the context of the minimal $SU(5)$ supergravity model, and the no-scale and dilaton $SU(5)\\times U(1)$ supergravity models. At present, with the Kamiokande 90\\% C.L. upper limits on the flux, only a small fraction of the parameter space of the $SU(5)\\times U(1)$ models is accessible for $m_\\chi\\sim m_{\\rm Fe}$, which in turn implies constraints for the lightest chargino mass around 100 GeV for a range of $\\tan\\beta$ values. We also delineate the regions of parameter space that would be accessible with the improvements of experimental sensitivity expected in the near future at Gran Sasso, Super-Kamiokande, and other facilities such as DUMAND and AMANDA, curren...

  5. C-deformation of supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hatanaka, Tomoya; Ketov, Sergei V

    2006-01-01

    A four-dimensional supergravity toy model in an arbitrary self-dual gravi-photon background is constructed in Euclidean space, by freezing out the gravi-photon field strength in the standard N = (1, 1) extended supergravity with two non-chiral gravitini. Our model has local N = (1/2, 0) supersymmetry. Consistency of the model requires the background gravi-photon field strength to be equal to the self-dual (bilinear) anti-chiral gravitino condensate. (letter to the editor)

  6. N-flation in supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Das, Kumar, E-mail: kumar.das@saha.ac.in; Dutta, Koushik, E-mail: koushik.dutta@saha.ac.in

    2014-11-10

    We have constructed a large field N-flation model in the supergravity framework. In this simple set-up, N fields collectively drive inflation where each field traverses sub-Planckian field values. This has been realised with a generalisation of the single-field chaotic inflation in supergravity. Interestingly, despite the presence of the field interactions, the dynamics can be described in terms of an effective single field. The observable predictions of our model, i.e., tensor-to-scalar ratio r and scalar spectral index n{sub s}, are akin to the chaotic inflation.

  7. Grassmann expansion of the classical N=2 supergravity field equations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Embacher, F.

    1984-01-01

    The classical field equations of N=2 supergravity are expanded with respect to an infinite dimensional Grassmann algebra. The general freedom in constructing classical solution is exhibited. As an application, a uniqueness theorem for supersymmetric extreme black holes is given. (Author)

  8. Introduction to supersymmetry and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    West, P.

    1990-01-01

    This book discusses two-dimensional supersymmetry algebras, and their irreducible representations as well as rigid and local (supergravity) theories of supersymmetry both in x-space and superspace. These theories include the actions for the superstring and the heterotic string. A discussion on superconformal algebras in two dimensions and an account of super operator product expansion are included

  9. Geometrical interpretation of extended supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Townsend, P.K.; Nieuwenhuizen, P.van

    1977-01-01

    SO 2 extended supergravity is shown to be a geometrical theory, whose underlying gauge group is OSp(4,2). The couplings which gauge the SO 2 symmetry as well as the accompanying cosmological and masslike terms are directly obtained, and the usual SO 2 model is obtained after a Wigner-Inoenue group contraction. (Auth.)

  10. Problems in unification and supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farrar, G.; Henyey, F. (eds.)

    1984-01-01

    Problems in unification of the various gauge groups, quantum gravity, supersymmetry and supergravity, compact dimensions of space-time, and conditions at the beginning of the universe are discussed. Separate entries were prepared for the data base for the 15 papers presented. (WHK)

  11. Problems in unification and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Farrar, G.; Henyey, F.

    1984-01-01

    Problems in unification of the various gauge groups, quantum gravity, supersymmetry and supergravity, compact dimensions of space-time, and conditions at the beginning of the universe are discussed. Separate entries were prepared for the data base for the 15 papers presented

  12. Geometric construction of extended supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kostelecky, V.A.

    1982-01-01

    This work describes the explict construction of the locally SO(4)-invariant, on-shell de Sitter supergravity. First, aspects of classical differential geometry used in the construction of local gauge theories are reviewed. Emphasis is placed on fiber bundles and their uses in Yang-Mills and Einstein theories. Next, the extension of the formalism to differential supergeometry is outlined. Applications to extended supergravities are discussed. Finally, the O(4) deSitter supergravity is obtained by considering a bundle of frames constructed using the orthosymplectic superalgebra osp(4/4). The structure group of this bundle is Sl(2C) x SO(4) and the tangent space to the base supermanifold is homeomorphic to the coset osp(4/4)/sl(2C) x so(4). Constraints taken into the Bianchi identifies yield a realization of the superalgebra in the function space of connections, vielbeins, curvatures and torsions of the bundle. Auxiliary fields, transformation laws and equations of motion are determined. Consistency of the realization is verified, proving closure of the algebra. The associated Poincare supergravity is obtained by a contraction

  13. Cartan's geometrical structure of supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baaklini, N.S.

    1977-06-01

    The geometrical partnership of the vierbein and the spin-3/2 field in the structure of the supergravity Lagrangian is emphasized. Both fields are introduced as component of the same matrix differential form. The only local symmetry of the theory is SL(2,C)

  14. A deformation of Sasakian structure in the presence of torsion and supergravity solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Houri, Tsuyoshi; Takeuchi, Hiroshi; Yasui, Yukinori

    2013-01-01

    A deformation of Sasakian structure in the presence of totally skew-symmetric torsion is discussed on odd-dimensional manifolds whose metric cones are Kähler with torsion. It is shown that such a geometry inherits similar properties to those of Sasakian geometry. As their example, we present an explicit expression of local metrics. It is also demonstrated that our example of the metrics admits the existence of hidden symmetry described by non-trivial odd-rank generalized closed conformal Killing–Yano tensors. Furthermore, using these metrics as an ansatz, we construct exact solutions in five-dimensional minimal gauged/ungauged supergravity and 11-dimensional supergravity. Finally, the global structures of the solutions are discussed. We obtain regular metrics on compact manifolds in five dimensions, which give natural generalizations of Sasaki–Einstein manifolds Y p,q and L a,b,c . We also briefly discuss regular metrics on non-compact manifolds in 11 dimensions. (paper)

  15. The effective supergravity of little string theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antoniadis, Ignatios; Delgado, Antonio; Markou, Chrysoula; Pokorski, Stefan

    2018-02-01

    In this work we present the minimal supersymmetric extension of the five-dimensional dilaton-gravity theory that captures the main properties of the holographic dual of little string theory. It is described by a particular gauging of N=2 supergravity coupled with one vector multiplet associated with the string dilaton, along the U(1) subgroup of SU(2) R-symmetry. The linear dilaton in the fifth coordinate solution of the equations of motion (with flat string frame metric) breaks half of the supersymmetries to N=1 in four dimensions. Interest in the linear dilaton model has lately been revived in the context of the clockwork mechanism, which has recently been proposed as a new source of exponential scale separation in field theory.

  16. The effective supergravity of little string theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Antoniadis, Ignatios [Sorbonne Universite, CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Hautes Energies, LPTHE, Paris (France); University of Bern, Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Bern (Switzerland); Delgado, Antonio [University of Notre Dame, Department of Physics, Notre Dame, IN (United States); Markou, Chrysoula [Sorbonne Universite, CNRS, Laboratoire de Physique Theorique et Hautes Energies, LPTHE, Paris (France); Pokorski, Stefan [University of Warsaw, Faculty of Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Warsaw (Poland)

    2018-02-15

    In this work we present the minimal supersymmetric extension of the five-dimensional dilaton-gravity theory that captures the main properties of the holographic dual of little string theory. It is described by a particular gauging of N = 2 supergravity coupled with one vector multiplet associated with the string dilaton, along the U(1) subgroup of SU(2) R-symmetry. The linear dilaton in the fifth coordinate solution of the equations of motion (with flat string frame metric) breaks half of the supersymmetries to N = 1 in four dimensions. Interest in the linear dilaton model has lately been revived in the context of the clockwork mechanism, which has recently been proposed as a new source of exponential scale separation in field theory. (orig.)

  17. A natural solution to the μ-problem in supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Giudice, G.F.; Masiero, A.

    1988-01-01

    We propose a 'natural' way to avoid the introduction by hand of a small mass scale μ in the observable sector of N=1 supergravity theories. In our approach, μ automatically arises from the general couplings of broken supergravity. In this way, all low energy mass parameters arise only from supergravity breaking and, in particular, SU(2)xU(1) is left unbroken in the limit of exact supersymmetry. Our solution of the μ-problem presents interesting connections with the strong CP puzzle through the implementation of symmetries a la Peccei and Quinn. (orig.)

  18. Gauged supergravities from M-theory reductions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katmadas, Stefanos; Tomasiello, Alessandro

    2018-04-01

    In supergravity compactifications, there is in general no clear prescription on how to select a finite-dimensional family of metrics on the internal space, and a family of forms on which to expand the various potentials, such that the lower-dimensional effective theory is supersymmetric. We propose a finite-dimensional family of deformations for regular Sasaki-Einstein seven-manifolds M 7, relevant for M-theory compactifications down to four dimensions. It consists of integrable Cauchy-Riemann structures, corresponding to complex deformations of the Calabi-Yau cone M 8 over M 7. The non-harmonic forms we propose are the ones contained in one of the Kohn-Rossi cohomology groups, which is finite-dimensional and naturally controls the deformations of Cauchy-Riemann structures. The same family of deformations can be also described in terms of twisted cohomology of the base M 6, or in terms of Milnor cycles arising in deformations of M 8. Using existing results on SU(3) structure compactifications, we briefly discuss the reduction of M-theory on our class of deformed Sasaki-Einstein manifolds to four-dimensional gauged supergravity.

  19. Asymptomatic freedom in renormalisable gravity and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fradkin, E.S.; Tseytlin, A.A.

    1984-01-01

    This chapter demonstrates that renormalizable supergravity, which is a superextension of renormalizable quantum gravity, can be the basis for a natural ''induced supergravity'' theory. A perturbatively operational unified theory is needed for a description of the early stages of the Universe, and renormalizable quantum gravity is well suited for unification with the renormalizable Grand Unified Models of matter. Topics considered include one-loop counter-terms and renormalization group (RG) equations for pure renormalizable gravity; the consequences of asymptotic freedom; the inclusion of matter; conformal supergravities; and renormalizable supergravity models. It is concluded that the presented lagrangian, which contains a locally superconformal extension of the Yang-Mills and massless spinor lagrangians and the conformal supergravity term, shows that conformal supergravity may play an important role in a fundamental theory

  20. Spontaneous symmetry breaking in N=3 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zinov'ev, Yu.M.

    1986-01-01

    The possibility of the spontaneous symmetry breaking without a cosmological term in N=3 supergravity is investigated. A new, dual version of N=3 supergravity - U(3)-supergravity is constructed. Such a theory is shown to admit a spontaneous supersymmetry breaking without a cosmological term and with three arbitrary scales, including partial super-Higgs effect N=3 → N=2 and N=3 → N=1

  1. Composite gravity and composite supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lukierski, J.

    1982-09-01

    It is known that the composite YM H-gauge theory can be constructed from σ-fields taking values in a symmetric Riemannian space G/H. We extend such a framework to graded σ-fields taking values in supercosets. We show that from supercoset σ-fields one can construct composite gravity, and from supercoset σ-superfields the composite supergravity models. (author)

  2. Potentials in N=2 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zinov'ev, Yu.M.

    1985-01-01

    The potentials and Yukava interactions, that arise while introducing a gauge interaction of vector and scalar multiplets in N=2 supergravity are presented, in this the gauge group may be either compact or noncompact. The scalar multiplets geometry corresponds to nonlinear σ, models of the form Sp(2,2n)/Sp(2)xSp(2n), SU(2,n)/SU(2)SU(n)xU(1) and O(4,n)/O(4)xO(n)

  3. O' R inflation in F-term supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, Sibo, E-mail: sibozheng.zju@gmail.com

    2017-06-15

    The supersymmetric realization of inflation in F-term supergravity is usually plagued by the well known “η” problem. In this paper, a broad class of small-field examples is realized by employing general O' Raifeartaigh superpotentials, where the moduli is identified as the massless inflaton. For illustration we present the simplest example in detail, which can be considered as a generalization of hybrid inflation.

  4. Implementation of generalized measurements with minimal disturbance on a quantum computer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Decker, T.; Grassl, M.

    2006-01-01

    We consider the problem of efficiently implementing a generalized measurement on a quantum computer. Using methods from representation theory, we exploit symmetries of the states we want to identify respectively symmetries of the measurement operators. In order to allow the information to be extracted sequentially, the disturbance of the quantum state due to the measurement should be minimal. (Abstract Copyright [2006], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  5. General sGoldstino Inflation

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Sergio

    2016-10-24

    We prove that all inflationary models, including those with dark energy after the end of inflation, can be embedded in minimal supergravity with a single chiral superfield. Moreover, the amount of supersymmetry breaking is independently tunable due to a degeneracy in the choice for the superpotential. The inflaton is a scalar partner of the Goldstino in this set-up. We illustrate our general procedure with two examples that are favoured by the Planck data.

  6. General sGoldstino inflation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ferrara, Sergio [Theoretical Physics Department, CERN,CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); INFN - Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati,Via Enrico Fermi 40, 00044 Frascati (Italy); Department of Physics and Astronomy andMani L. Bhaumik Institute for Theoretical Physics, UCLA,470 Portola Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1547 (United States); Roest, Diederik [Theoretical Physics Department, CERN,CH-1211 Geneva 23 (Switzerland); Van Swinderen Institute for Particle Physics and Gravity, University of Groningen,Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands)

    2016-10-24

    We prove that all inflationary models, including those with dark energy after the end of inflation, can be embedded in minimal supergravity with a single chiral superfield. Moreover, the amount of supersymmetry breaking is independently tunable due to a degeneracy in the choice for the superpotential. The inflaton is a scalar partner of the Goldstino in this set-up. We illustrate our general procedure with two examples that are favoured by the Planck data.

  7. Minimal unitary realizations of exceptional U-duality groups and their subgroups as quasiconformal groups

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gunaydin, Murat; Pavlyk, Oleksandr

    2005-01-01

    We study the minimal unitary representations of noncompact exceptional groups that arise as U-duality groups in extended supergravity theories. First we give the unitary realizations of the exceptional group E 8(-24) in SU*(8) as well as SU(6,2) covariant bases. E 8(-24) has E 7 x SU(2) as its maximal compact subgroup and is the U-duality group of the exceptional supergravity theory in d=3. For the corresponding U-duality group E 8(8) of the maximal supergravity theory the minimal realization was given. The minimal unitary realizations of all the lower rank noncompact exceptional groups can be obtained by truncation of those of E 8(-24) and E 8(8) . By further truncation one can obtain the minimal unitary realizations of all the groups of the 'Magic Triangle'. We give explicitly the minimal unitary realizations of the exceptional subgroups of E 8(-24) as well as other physically interesting subgroups. These minimal unitary realizations correspond, in general, to the quantization of their geometric actions as quasi-conformal groups. (author)

  8. Linearized supergravity with a dynamical preferred frame

    CERN Document Server

    Marakulin, Arthur

    2016-01-01

    We study supersymmetric extension of the Einstein-aether gravitational model where local Lorentz invariance is broken down to the subgroup of spatial rotations by a vacuum expectation value of a timelike vector field. By restricting to the level of linear perturbations around Lorentz-violating vacuum and using the superfield formalism we construct the most general action invariant under the linearized supergravity transformations. We show that, unlike its non-supersymmetric counterpart, the model contains only a single free dimensionless parameter, besides the usual dimensionful gravitational coupling. This makes the model highly predictive. An analysis of the spectrum of physical excitations reveal superluminal velocity of gravitons. The latter property leads to the extension of the gravitational multiplet by additional fermonic and bosonic states with helicities $\\pm 3/2$ and $\\pm 1$. We outline the observational constraints on the model following from its low-energy phenomenology.

  9. More gaugings of N=8 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hull, C.M.

    1984-01-01

    New non-compact gaugings of N = 8 supergravity are constructed. The gauge groups are SO(p,q) (with p + q = 8) and the group contraction of SO(p,q) about SO(p). The SO(4,4) gauging and the corresponding contraction truncate to gauged N = 4 supergravity theories. (orig.)

  10. Experimental limits on antigravity in extended supergravity

    OpenAIRE

    Bellucci, S.; Faraoni, V.

    1995-01-01

    The available tests of the equivalence principle constrain the mass of the Higgs-like boson appearing in extended supergravity theories. We determine the constraints imposed by the present and future high precision experiments on the antigravity fields arising from $N=2,8$ supergravity.

  11. Supergravity duals of supersymmetric four dimensional gauge theories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bigazzi, F [Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste (Italy); Cotrone, A L [Centre de Physique Theorique, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau Cedex (France); [INFN, Rome (Italy); Petrini, M [Centre de Physique Theorique, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France); Zaffaroni, A [Universita di Milano-Bicocca and INFN, Milan (Italy)

    2002-03-01

    This article contains an overview of some recent attempts of understanding supergravity and string duals of four dimensional gauge theories using the AdS/CFT correspondence. We discuss the general philosophy underlying the various ways to realize Super Yang-Mills theories in terms of systems of branes. We then review some of the existing duals for N=2 and N=1 theories. We also discuss differences and similarities with realistic theories. (author)

  12. Inflaton decay through supergravity effects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endo, M.; Takahashi, F.; Kawasaki, M.; Yanagida, T.T.; Tokyo Univ.

    2006-07-01

    We point out that supergravity effects enable the inflaton to decay into all matter fields, including the visible and the supersymmetry breaking sectors, once the inflaton acquires a non-vanishing vacuum expectation value. The new decay processes have great impacts on cosmology; the reheating temperature is bounded below; the gravitinos are produced by the inflaton decay in a broad class of the dynamical supersymmetry breaking models. We derive the bounds on the inflaton mass and the vacuum expectation value, which severely constrain high-scale inflations such as the hybrid and chaotic inflation models. (orig.)

  13. Classical solutions and extended supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    de Alfaro, V.; Fubini, S.; Furlan, G.

    1980-03-01

    The existence and properties of classical solutions for gravity coupled to matter fields have been investigated previously with the limitation to conformally flat solutions. In the search for a guiding criterion to determine the form of the coupling among the fields, one is led to consider supersymmetric theories, and the question arises whether classical solutions persist in these models. It is found that a discrepancy persists between supergravity and standard meron solutions. Owing to the appearance of the scalar field, a new set of meron solutions exists for particular Lagrangian models. In conclusion, the form of solutions in Minkowski space is discussed

  14. Supersymmetric warped AdS in extended topologically massive supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deger, N.S.; Kaya, A.; Samtleben, H.; Sezgin, E.

    2014-01-01

    We determine the most general form of off-shell N=(1,1) supergravity field configurations in three dimensions by requiring that at least one off-shell Killing spinor exists. We then impose the field equations of the topologically massive off-shell supergravity and find a class of solutions whose properties crucially depend on the norm of the auxiliary vector field. These are spacelike-squashed and timelike-stretched AdS 3 for the spacelike and timelike norms, respectively. At the transition point where the norm vanishes, the solution is null warped AdS 3 . This occurs when the coefficient of the Lorentz–Chern–Simons term is related to the AdS radius by μℓ=2. We find that the spacelike-squashed AdS 3 can be modded out by a suitable discrete subgroup of the isometry group, yielding an extremal black hole solution which avoids closed timelike curves

  15. Rotating D0-branes and consistent truncations of supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anabalón, Andrés; Ortiz, Thomas; Samtleben, Henning

    2013-01-01

    The fluctuations around the D0-brane near-horizon geometry are described by two-dimensional SO(9) gauged maximal supergravity. We work out the U(1) 4 truncation of this theory whose scalar sector consists of five dilaton and four axion fields. We construct the full non-linear Kaluza–Klein ansatz for the embedding of the dilaton sector into type IIA supergravity. This yields a consistent truncation around a geometry which is the warped product of a two-dimensional domain wall and the sphere S 8 . As an application, we consider the solutions corresponding to rotating D0-branes which in the near-horizon limit approach AdS 2 ×M 8 geometries, and discuss their thermodynamical properties. More generally, we study the appearance of such solutions in the presence of non-vanishing axion fields

  16. Gauge and matter fields coupled to N=2 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wit, B. de; Lauwers, P.G.; Philippe, R.; Su, S.-Q.; Proeyen, A. van.

    1983-07-01

    The authors consider the potential of a general matter system of N=2 vector and scalar multiplets coupled to supergravity. For lagrangians that are initially quadratic in the matter fields the potential is proved to be either positive or unbounded from below. The results have been obtained in the framework of a superconformal multiplet calculus, and it has been verified that they can be derived from each of the three off-shell representations. As an example the authors consider SO(6) Yang-Mills theory coupled to scalar multiplets in the 10+10 representation, which, for suitably chosen parameters, leads to the potential of gauged N=8 supergravity. Finally, a discussion of the possibility to set residual nonabelian symmetry groups after breaking of N=8 supersymmetry to N=1 or 2 is presented. (Auth.)

  17. Some features of SUSY breaking in N=2 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cecotti, S.; Giradello, L.; Porrati, M.

    1984-08-01

    We discuss some features of SUSY breaking in N=2 Supergravity. Firstly, we show that in a general N=2 Sugra model (constructed according to the tensor calculus) all stationary points of the potential, at Λ=0, are fully supersymmetric if the compensating multiplet is not gauged. Thus a viable super-Higgs effect in N=2 supergravity can occur only in the presence of a Fayet-Iliopoulos term. Then we present an explicit model with two scales of breaking in anti-de Sitter space. Moreover, the ratio of the two gravitino masses is sliding i.e. not determined by the classical potential. In the extreme situation one of the gravitino mass equals √-Λ/3, and thus we have partial super-Higgs (in AdS space). The cosmological constant may be arranged to an arbitrary small value while keeping the mass of the heavy gravitino constant. (author)

  18. Gauge theory of gravity and supergravity on a group manifold

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ne'eman, Y.; Regge, T.

    1977-12-01

    The natural arena for the physics of gravity, supergravity and their enlargements appears to be the group manifold of the Poincare group P, the graded Poincare group GP of supersymmetry, and the corresponding enlargements. The dynamics of these theories correspond to geometrical algorithms in P and GP. Differential geometry on Lie groups is reviewed and results applied to P and GP. Curvature, gauge transformations and factorization are introduced. Also reviewed is the general coordinate transformation group and a hybrid gauge transformation, the anholonomized G.C.T. gauge. A study is made of the construction of an action, including the introduction of a set of special 2 forms, the ''pseudo curvatures.'' The possibilities of factorization in supersymmetry are analyzed. The version of supergravity is present which has now become a completely geometrical theory

  19. Axion-dilaton domain walls and fake supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sonner, Julian; Townsend, Paul K

    2007-01-01

    Dynamical systems methods are used to investigate domain-wall solutions of a two-parameter family of models in which gravity is coupled to an axion and to a dilaton with an exponential potential of either sign. A complete global analysis is presented for (i) constant axion and (ii) flat walls, including a study of bifurcations and a new exact domain-wall solution with non-constant axion. We reconsider 'fake-supergravity' issues in light of these results. We show, by example, how domain walls determine multi-valued superpotentials that branch at stationary points that are not stationary points of the potential, and we apply this result to potentials with anti-de Sitter vacua. We also show by example that 'adapted' truncation to a single-scalar model may be inconsistent, and we propose a 'generalized' fake-supergravity formalism that applies in some such cases

  20. Rotating D0-branes and consistent truncations of supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anabalón, Andrés [Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales, Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Av. Padre Hurtado 750, Viña del Mar (Chile); Université de Lyon, Laboratoire de Physique, UMR 5672, CNRS École Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46, allée d' Italie, F-69364 Lyon cedex 07 (France); Ortiz, Thomas; Samtleben, Henning [Université de Lyon, Laboratoire de Physique, UMR 5672, CNRS École Normale Supérieure de Lyon 46, allée d' Italie, F-69364 Lyon cedex 07 (France)

    2013-12-18

    The fluctuations around the D0-brane near-horizon geometry are described by two-dimensional SO(9) gauged maximal supergravity. We work out the U(1){sup 4} truncation of this theory whose scalar sector consists of five dilaton and four axion fields. We construct the full non-linear Kaluza–Klein ansatz for the embedding of the dilaton sector into type IIA supergravity. This yields a consistent truncation around a geometry which is the warped product of a two-dimensional domain wall and the sphere S{sup 8}. As an application, we consider the solutions corresponding to rotating D0-branes which in the near-horizon limit approach AdS{sub 2}×M{sub 8} geometries, and discuss their thermodynamical properties. More generally, we study the appearance of such solutions in the presence of non-vanishing axion fields.

  1. Minimally modified theories of gravity: a playground for testing the uniqueness of general relativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carballo-Rubio, Ra{úl; Di Filippo, Francesco; Liberati, Stefano

    2018-06-01

    In a recent paper [1], it was introduced a new class of gravitational theories with two local degrees of freedom. The existence of these theories apparently challenges the distinctive role of general relativity as the unique non-linear theory of massless spin-2 particles. Here we perform a comprehensive analysis of these theories with the aim of (i) understanding whether or not these are actually equivalent to general relativity, and (ii) finding the root of the variance in case these are not. We have found that a broad set of seemingly different theories actually pass all the possible tests of equivalence to general relativity (in vacuum) that we were able to devise, including the analysis of scattering amplitudes using on-shell techniques. These results are complemented with the observation that the only examples which are manifestly not equivalent to general relativity either do not contain gravitons in their spectrum, or are not guaranteed to include only two local degrees of freedom once radiative corrections are taken into account. Coupling to matter is also considered: we show that coupling these theories to matter in a consistent way is not as straightforward as one could expect. Minimal coupling, as well as the most straightforward non-minimal couplings, cannot be used. Therefore, before being able to address any issues in the presence of matter, it would be necessary to find a consistent (and in any case rather peculiar) coupling scheme.

  2. Asymptotic freedom in extended conformal supergravities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fradkin, E.S.; Tseytlin, A.A.

    1982-01-01

    We present the calculation of the one-loop β-function in extended conformal supergravities. N = 1, 2, 3 theories (free or coupled to the Einstein supergravities) are found to the asymptotically free (like the N = 0 Weyl theory) while the N = 4 theory becomes finite under some plausible hypothesis. The results support the possibility to solve the problem of ghosts in these theories. The obtained sequence of SU(N) β-functions appears to be in remarkable correspondence with that for gauged O(N) supergravity theories. (orig.)

  3. Rigid supersymmetry from conformal supergravity in five dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pini, Alessandro; Rodriguez-Gomez, Diego; Schmude, Johannes

    2015-01-01

    We study the rigid limit of 5d conformal supergravity with minimal supersymmetry on Riemannian manifolds. The necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a solution is the existence of a conformal Killing vector. Whenever a certain SU(2) curvature becomes abelian the backgrounds define a transversally holomorphic foliation. Subsequently we turn to the question under which circumstances these backgrounds admit a kinetic Yang-Mills term in the action of a vector multiplet. Here we find that the conformal Killing vector has to be Killing. We supplement the discussion with various appendices.

  4. Supergravity on an Atiyah-Hitchin base

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stotyn, Sean; Mann, R.B.

    2008-01-01

    We construct solutions to five dimensional minimal supergravity using an Atiyah-Hitchin base space. In examining the structure of solutions we show that they generically contain a singularity either on the Atiyah-Hitchin bolt or at larger radius where there is a singular solitonic boundary. However for most points in parameter space the solution exhibits a velocity of light surface (analogous to what appears in a Goedel space-time) that shields the singularity. For these solutions, all closed time-like curves are causally disconnected from the rest of the space-time in that they exist within the velocity of light surface, which null geodesics are unable to cross. The singularities in these solutions are thus found to be hidden behind the velocity of light surface and so are not naked despite the lack of an event horizon. Outside of this surface the space-time is geodesically complete, asymptotically flat and can be arranged so as not to contain closed time-like curves at infinity. The rest of parameter space simply yields solutions with naked singularities.

  5. Determining the minimal length scale of the generalized uncertainty principle from the entropy-area relationship

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Wontae; Oh, John J.

    2008-01-01

    We derive the formula of the black hole entropy with a minimal length of the Planck size by counting quantum modes of scalar fields in the vicinity of the black hole horizon, taking into account the generalized uncertainty principle (GUP). This formula is applied to some intriguing examples of black holes - the Schwarzschild black hole, the Reissner-Nordstrom black hole, and the magnetically charged dilatonic black hole. As a result, it is shown that the GUP parameter can be determined by imposing the black hole entropy-area relationship, which has a Planck length scale and a universal form within the near-horizon expansion

  6. Right-handed quark mixings in minimal left-right symmetric model with general CP violation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zhang Yue; Ji Xiangdong; An Haipeng; Mohapatra, R. N.

    2007-01-01

    We solve systematically for the right-handed quark mixings in the minimal left-right symmetric model which generally has both explicit and spontaneous CP violations. The leading-order result has the same hierarchical structure as the left-handed Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa mixing, but with additional CP phases originating from a spontaneous CP-violating phase in the Higgs vacuum expectation values. We explore the phenomenology entailed by the new right-handed mixing matrix, particularly the bounds on the mass of W R and the CP phase of the Higgs vacuum expectation values

  7. Scanning of the supersymmetry breaking scale and the gravitino mass in supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farakos, Fotis [Dipartimento di Fisica “Galileo Galilei”, Universita di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Kehagias, Alex [Physics Division, National Technical University of Athens, 15780 Zografou Campus, Athens (Greece); Racco, Davide; Riotto, Antonio [Department of Theoretical Physics and Center for Astroparticle Physics (CAP),24 quai E. Ansermet, CH-1211 Geneva 4 (Switzerland)

    2016-06-21

    We consider the minimal three-form N=1 supergravity coupled to nilpotent three-form chiral superfields. The supersymmetry breaking is sourced by the three-forms of the chiral multiplets, while the value of the gravitino mass is controlled by the three-form of the supergravity multiplet. The three-forms can nucleate membranes which scan both the supersymmetry breaking scale and the gravitino mass. The peculiar supergravity feature that the cosmological constant is the sum of a positive contribution from the supersymmetry breaking scale and a negative contribution from the gravitino mass makes the cosmological constant jump. This can lead to a phenomenologically allowed small value of the cosmological constant even though the supersymmetry breaking scale and the gravitino mass are dynamically large.

  8. Minimal-memory realization of pearl-necklace encoders of general quantum convolutional codes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Houshmand, Monireh; Hosseini-Khayat, Saied

    2011-01-01

    Quantum convolutional codes, like their classical counterparts, promise to offer higher error correction performance than block codes of equivalent encoding complexity, and are expected to find important applications in reliable quantum communication where a continuous stream of qubits is transmitted. Grassl and Roetteler devised an algorithm to encode a quantum convolutional code with a ''pearl-necklace'' encoder. Despite their algorithm's theoretical significance as a neat way of representing quantum convolutional codes, it is not well suited to practical realization. In fact, there is no straightforward way to implement any given pearl-necklace structure. This paper closes the gap between theoretical representation and practical implementation. In our previous work, we presented an efficient algorithm to find a minimal-memory realization of a pearl-necklace encoder for Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) convolutional codes. This work is an extension of our previous work and presents an algorithm for turning a pearl-necklace encoder for a general (non-CSS) quantum convolutional code into a realizable quantum convolutional encoder. We show that a minimal-memory realization depends on the commutativity relations between the gate strings in the pearl-necklace encoder. We find a realization by means of a weighted graph which details the noncommutative paths through the pearl necklace. The weight of the longest path in this graph is equal to the minimal amount of memory needed to implement the encoder. The algorithm has a polynomial-time complexity in the number of gate strings in the pearl-necklace encoder.

  9. Transformation of general binary MRF minimization to the first-order case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishikawa, Hiroshi

    2011-06-01

    We introduce a transformation of general higher-order Markov random field with binary labels into a first-order one that has the same minima as the original. Moreover, we formalize a framework for approximately minimizing higher-order multi-label MRF energies that combines the new reduction with the fusion-move and QPBO algorithms. While many computer vision problems today are formulated as energy minimization problems, they have mostly been limited to using first-order energies, which consist of unary and pairwise clique potentials, with a few exceptions that consider triples. This is because of the lack of efficient algorithms to optimize energies with higher-order interactions. Our algorithm challenges this restriction that limits the representational power of the models so that higher-order energies can be used to capture the rich statistics of natural scenes. We also show that some minimization methods can be considered special cases of the present framework, as well as comparing the new method experimentally with other such techniques.

  10. Group manifold approach to gravity and supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    d'Auria, R.; Fre, P.; Regge, T.

    1981-05-01

    Gravity theories are presented from the point of view of group manifold formulation. The differential geometry of groups and supergroups is discussed first; the notion of connection and related Yang-Mills potentials is introduced. Then ordinary Einstein gravity is discussed in the Cartan formulation. This discussion provides a first example which will then be generalized to more complicated theories, in particular supergravity. The distinction between ''pure'' and ''impure' theories is also set forth. Next, the authors develop an axiomatic approach to rheonomic theories related to the concept of Chevalley cohomology on group manifolds, and apply these principles to N = 1 supergravity. Then the panorama of so far constructed pure and impure group manifold supergravities is presented. The pure d = 5 N = 2 case is discussed in some detail, and N = 2 and N = 3 in d = 4 are considered as examples of the impure theories. The way a pure theory becomes impure after dimensional reduction is illustrated. Next, the role of kinematical superspace constraints as a subset of the group-manifold equations of motion is discussed, and the use of this approach to obtain the auxiliary fields is demonstrated. Finally, the application of the group manifold method to supersymmetric Super Yang-Mills theories is addressed

  11. Extremal black hole/CFT correspondence in (gauged) supergravities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chow, David D. K.; Cvetic, M.; Lue, H.; Pope, C. N.

    2009-01-01

    We extend the investigation of the recently proposed Kerr/conformal field theory correspondence to large classes of rotating black hole solutions in gauged and ungauged supergravities. The correspondence, proposed originally for four-dimensional Kerr black holes, asserts that the quantum states in the near-horizon region of an extremal rotating black hole are holographically dual to a two-dimensional chiral theory whose Virasoro algebra arises as an asymptotic symmetry of the near-horizon geometry. In fact, in dimension D there are [(D-1)/2] commuting Virasoro algebras. We consider a general canonical class of near-horizon geometries in arbitrary dimension D, and show that in any such metric the [(D-1)/2] central charges each imply, via the Cardy formula, a microscopic entropy that agrees with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of the associated extremal black hole. In the remainder of the paper we show for most of the known rotating black hole solutions of gauged supergravity, and for the ungauged supergravity solutions with four charges in D=4 and three charges in D=5, that their extremal near-horizon geometries indeed lie within the canonical form. This establishes that, in all these examples, the microscopic entropies of the dual conformal field theories agree with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropies of the extremal rotating black holes.

  12. Constraining supergravity models from gluino production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Barbieri, R.; Gamberini, G.; Giudice, G.F.; Ridolfi, G.

    1988-01-01

    The branching ratios for gluino decays g tilde → qanti qΧ, g tilde → gΧ into a stable undetected neutralino are computed as functions of the relevant parameters of the underlying supergravity theory. A simple way of constraining supergravity models from gluino production emerges. The effectiveness of hadronic versus e + e - colliders in the search for supersymmetry can be directly compared. (orig.)

  13. Perturbative and global anomalies in supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sezgin, E.

    1986-09-01

    Perturbative and global anomalies in supergravity theories are reviewed. The existence of a matter and gauge coupled supergravity theory in six dimensions with E 6 xE 7 xU(1) symmetry and highly nontrivial anomaly cancellations is emphasised. The possible string origin of this theory is posed as an open problem, study of which may lead to discovery of new ways to construct/compactify heterotic superstrings. (author)

  14. A Generalized Robust Minimization Framework for Low-Rank Matrix Recovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wen-Ze Shao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper considers the problem of recovering low-rank matrices which are heavily corrupted by outliers or large errors. To improve the robustness of existing recovery methods, the problem is solved by formulating it as a generalized nonsmooth nonconvex minimization functional via exploiting the Schatten p-norm (0 < p ≤1 and Lq(0 < q ≤1 seminorm. Two numerical algorithms are provided based on the augmented Lagrange multiplier (ALM and accelerated proximal gradient (APG methods as well as efficient root-finder strategies. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed generalized approach is more inclusive and effective compared with state-of-the-art methods, either convex or nonconvex.

  15. Generalized spacetimes defined by cubic forms and the minimal unitary realizations of their quasiconformal groups

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guenaydin, Murat; Pavlyk, Oleksandr

    2005-01-01

    We study the symmetries of generalized spacetimes and corresponding phase spaces defined by Jordan algebras of degree three. The generic Jordan family of formally real Jordan algebras of degree three describe extensions of the minkowskian spacetimes by an extra 'dilatonic' coordinate, whose rotation, Lorentz and conformal groups are SO(d-1), SO(d-1,1) x SO(1,1) and SO(d,2) x SO(2,1), respectively. The generalized spacetimes described by simple Jordan algebras of degree three correspond to extensions of minkowskian spacetimes in the critical dimensions (d = 3,4,6,10) by a dilatonic and extra commuting spinorial coordinates, respectively. Their rotation, Lorentz and conformal groups are those that occur in the first three rows of the Magic Square. The Freudenthal triple systems defined over these Jordan algebras describe conformally covariant phase spaces. Following hep-th/0008063, we give a unified geometric realization of the quasiconformal groups that act on their conformal phase spaces extended by an extra 'cocycle' coordinate. For the generic Jordan family the quasiconformal groups are SO(d+2,4), whose minimal unitary realizations are given. The minimal unitary representations of the quasiconformal groups F 4(4) , E 6(2) , E 7(-5) and E 8(-24) of the simple Jordan family were given in our earlier work

  16. Anti-de Sitter black holes in gauged supergravity. Supergravity flow, thermodynamics and phase transitions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Toldo, C.

    2014-01-01

    This thesis is devoted to the analysis of asymptotically Anti-de Sitter (AdS) black holes arising as solutions of theories of gauged Supergravity in four spacetime dimensions. After a brief recap of the main features of gauged supergravity, the first part of the thesis deals with the explicit

  17. Duality transformations in supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories coupled to supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Ceresole, Anna T; Ferrara, Sergio; Van Proeyen, A; Ceresole, A; D'Auria, R; Ferrara, S; Van Proeyen, A

    1995-01-01

    We consider duality transformations in N=2, d=4 Yang-Mills theory coupled to N=2 supergravity. A symplectic and coordinate covariant framework is established, which allows one to discuss stringy `classical and quantum duality symmetries' (monodromies), incorporating T and S dualities. In particular, we shall be able to study theories (like N=2 heterotic strings) which are formulated in symplectic basis where a `holomorphic prepotential' F does not exist, and yet give general expressions for all relevant physical quantities. Duality transformations and symmetries for the N=1 matter coupled Yang--Mills supergravity system are also exhibited. The implications of duality symmetry on all N>2 extended supergravities are briefly mentioned. We finally give the general form of the central charge and the N=2 semiclassical spectrum of the dyonic BPS saturated states (as it comes by truncation of the N=4 spectrum).

  18. Interactive general-purpose function minimization for the analysis of neutron scattering data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abel, W.

    1981-12-01

    An on-line graphic display facility has been employed mainly for the peak analysis of time-of-flight spectra measured by inelastic scattering of thermal neutrons. But it is useful also for the analysis of spectra measured with triple axis spectrometers and of diffraction patterns. The spectral lines may be fitted by the following analytical shape functions: (i) a Gaussian, (ii) a Lorentzian, or (iii) a convolution of a Lorentzian with a Gaussian, plus a background continuum. Data reduction or correction may be invoked optionally. For more general applications in analysing of numerical data there is also the possibility to define the analytical shape functions by the user. Three different minimization methods are available which may be used alone or in combination. The parameters of the shape functions may be kept fixed or variable during the minimization steps. The width of variation may be restricted. Global correlation coefficients, parameter errors and the chi 2 are displayed to inform the user about the quality of the fit. A detailed description of the program operations is given. The programs are written in FORTRAN IV and use an IBM/2250-1 graphic display unit. (orig.) [de

  19. General least-squares fitting procedures to minimize the volume of a hyperellipsoid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wadlinger, E.A.

    1979-01-01

    Several methods for determining the shape parameters, which in two dimensions are the Courant-Snyder parameters, and the volume of an ellipse or hyperellipse that represent a set of phase-space points in a two or more dimensional hyperspace are presented. The ellipse parameters are useful for matching a beam to an accelerating or transport system and in studies of emittance growth. The fitting procedure minimizes the total volume of a hyperellipse by adjusting the ellipse shape parameters. The total volume is the sum of the individual particle volumes defined by the hyperellipse that passes through the phase-space point of a particle. A two-dimensional space is considered first; the results are then generalized to higher dimensions. Computer programs using these techniques were written. 1 figure

  20. A General Algorithm for Robot Formations Using Local Sensing and Minimal Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fredslund, Jakob; Matarić, Maja J

    2002-01-01

    the friend in the sensor's field of view. We also present a general analytical measure for evaluating formations and apply it to the position data from both simulation and physical robot experiments. We used two lasers to track the physical robots to obtain ground truth validation data....... simulation exper- iments, and 40+ experiments with four physical robots, showing the viability of our approach. The key idea is that each robot keeps a single friend at a desired angle , using some appropriate sensor. By panning the sensor by degrees, the goal for all formations be- comes simply to center......We study the problem of achieving global behavior in a group of distributed robots using only local sensing and minimal communication, in the context of formations. The goal is to have mobile robots establish and maintain some predetermined geo- metric shape. We report results from extensive...

  1. Supergravity and the quest for a unified theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrara, S.

    1995-01-01

    The foundation of supergravity and research in its subsequent developments is described. Special emphasis is placed on the impact of supergravity on the search for a unified theory of fundamental interactions. (author)

  2. Unified Maxwell-Einstein and Yang-Mills-Einstein supergravity theories in five dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guenaydin, Murat; Zagermann, Marco

    2003-01-01

    Unified N = 2 Maxwell-Einstein supergravity theories (MESGTs) are supergravity theories in which all the vector fields, including the graviphoton, transform in an irreducible representation of a simple global symmetry group of the Lagrangian. As was established long time ago, in five dimensions there exist only four unified Maxwell-Einstein supergravity theories whose target manifolds are symmetric spaces. These theories are defined by the four simple euclidean Jordan algebras of degree three. In this paper, we show that, in addition to these four unified MESGTs with symmetric target spaces, there exist three infinite families of unified MESGTs as well as another exceptional one. These novel unified MESGTs are defined by non-compact (minkowskian) Jordan algebras, and their target spaces are in general neither symmetric nor homogeneous. The members of one of these three infinite families can be gauged in such a way as to obtain an infinite family of unified N = 2 Yang-Mills-Einstein supergravity theories, in which all vector fields transform in the adjoint representation of a simple gauge group of the type SU(N,1). The corresponding gaugings in the other two infinite families lead to Yang-Mills-Einstein supergravity theories coupled to tensor multiplets. (author)

  3. Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lue, H; Pope, C N; Sezgin, E

    2004-01-01

    N = (1, 0) supergravity in six dimensions admits AdS 3 x S 3 as a vacuum solution. We extend our recent results presented in Lue et al (2002 Preprint hep-th/0212323), by obtaining the complete N = 4 Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons supergravity in D = 3, up to quartic fermion terms, by S 3 group manifold reduction of the six-dimensional theory. The SU(2) gauge fields have Yang-Mills kinetic terms as well as topological Chern-Simons mass terms. There is in addition a triplet of matter vectors. After diagonalization, these fields describe two triplets of topologically-massive vector fields of opposite helicities. The model also contains six scalars, described by a GL(3, R)/SO(3) sigma model. It provides the first example of a three-dimensional gauged supergravity that can be obtained by a consistent reduction of string theory or M-theory and that admits AdS 3 as a vacuum solution. There are unusual features in the reduction from six-dimensional supergravity, owing to the self-duality condition on the 3-form field. The structure of the full equations of motion in N = (1, 0) supergravity in D = 6 is also elucidated, and the role of the self-dual field strength as torsion is exhibited

  4. Hidden symmetries in five-dimensional supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Poessel, M.

    2003-05-01

    This thesis is concerned with the study of hidden symmetries in supergravity, which play an important role in the present picture of supergravity and string theory. Concretely, the appearance of a hidden G 2(+2) /SO(4) symmetry is studied in the dimensional reduction of d=5, N=2 supergravity to three dimensions - a parallel model to the more famous E 8(+8) /SO(16) case in eleven-dimensional supergravity. Extending previous partial results for the bosonic part, I give a derivation that includes fermionic terms. This sheds new light on the appearance of the local hidden symmetry SO(4) in the reduction, and shows up an unusual feature which follows from an analysis of the R-symmetry associated with N=4 supergravity and of the supersymmetry variations, and which has no parallel in the eleven-dimensional case: The emergence of an additional SO(3) as part of the enhanced local symmetry, invisible in the dimensional reduction of the gravitino, and corresponding to the fact that, of the SO(4) used in the coset model, only the diagonal SO(3) is visible immediately upon dimensional reduction. The uncovering of the hidden symmetries proceeds via the construction of the proper coset gravity in three dimensions, and matching it with the Lagrangian obtained from the reduction. (orig.)

  5. Three-forms in supergravity and flux compactifications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farakos, Fotis; Lanza, Stefano; Martucci, Luca; Sorokin, Dmitri [Univ. degli Studi di Padova (Italy). Dipt. di Fisica e Astronomia ' ' Galileo Galilei' ' ; I.N.F.N., Sezione di Padova (Italy)

    2017-09-15

    We present a duality procedure that relates conventional four-dimensional matter-coupled N = 1 supergravities to dual formulations in which auxiliary fields are replaced by field strengths of gauge three-forms. The duality promotes specific coupling constants appearing in the superpotential to vacuum expectation values of the field strengths. We then apply this general duality to type IIA string compactifications on Calabi-Yau orientifolds with RR fluxes. This gives a new supersymmetric formulation of the corresponding effective four-dimensional theories which includes gauge three-forms. (orig.)

  6. Lagrangians of N=2 supergravity-matter systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wit, B. de; Proeyen, A. van; Lauwers, P.G.

    1984-12-01

    We present explicit expressions for general actions of vector and scalar multiplets coupled to N=2 supergravity. We outline their construction which is based on the superconformal tensor calculus. The vector multiplets may be associated with a gauge group G which may also act on the scalar multiplets. The latter are naturally described in terms of quaternions; in the simplest case their kinetic terms define a nonlinear sigma model of a quaternionic projective space. We give an extension of the vector multiplet action which is not obtained from a chiral superspace density, and contains a Chern-Simons-type term. Transformation rules are given and the conditions for supersymmetry breaking are defined. (orig.)

  7. A problem of the QCD axion in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endo, M.; Takahashi, F.; Tokyo Univ.; Yanagida, T.T.; Tokyo Univ.

    2007-12-01

    We point out that the QCD axion generally couples to all the gauge fields in nature through the Super-Weyl, Kaehler and sigma-model anomalies in supergravity. If supersymmetry is dynamically broken by the hidden-sector gauge interactions, the axion potential receives corrections due to the instanton in the hidden sector. We show that the supersymmetry breaking models are tightly constrained for the Peccei-Quinn mechanism to successfully solve the strong CP problem. In particular, the gravity mediation turns out to be strongly disfavored. (orig.)

  8. Background harmonic superfields in N=2 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zupnik, B.M.

    1998-01-01

    A modification of the harmonic superfield formalism in D=4, N=2 supergravity using a subsidiary condition of covariance under the background supersymmetry with a central charge (B-covariance) is considered. Conservation of analyticity together with the B-covariance leads to the appearance of linear gravitational superfields. Analytic prepotentials arise in a decomposition of the background linear superfields in terms of spinor coordinates and transform in a nonstandard way under the background supersymmetry. The linear gravitational superfields can be written via spinor derivatives of nonanalytic spinor prepotentials. The perturbative expansion of supergravity action in terms of the B-covariant superfields and the corresponding version of the differential-geometric formalism are considered. We discuss the dual harmonic representation of the linearized extended supergravity, which corresponds to the dynamical condition of Grassmann analyticity

  9. High energy scattering in gravity and supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Giddings, Steven B; Andersen, Jeppe R

    2010-01-01

    We investigate features of perturbative gravity and supergravity by studying scattering in the ultraplanckian limit, and sharpen arguments that the dynamics is governed by long-distance physics. A simple example capturing aspects of the eikonal resummation suggests why short distance phenomena and in particular divergences or nonrenormalizability do not necessarily play a central role in this regime. A more profound problem is apparently unitarity. These considerations can be illustrated by showing that known gravity and supergravity amplitudes have the same long-distance behavior, despite the extra light states of supergravity, and this serves as an important check on long-range dynamics in a context where perturbative amplitudes are finite. We also argue that these considerations have other important implications: they obstruct probing the conjectured phenomenon of asymptotic safety through a physical scattering process, and gravity appears not to reggeize. These arguments sharpen the need to find a nonpert...

  10. Geometries inherent to N=1 supergravities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Galperin, A.S.; Ogievetsky, V.I.; Sokatchev, E.S.

    1981-01-01

    The first part of the talk is devoted to a consideration of linearized N=1 supergravities. The second main part deals with complex geometries inherent to different N=1 supergravities. A special attention is paid to a new version with local symmetry. It is connected to the special nonminimal case (n=0) having a remarkable property of supervolume preservation in Csup(4.4) superspace. Therefore the superdeterminant of change of variables from left to right-handed Rsup(4.4) parametrization is a dimensionless scalar. This geometric invariant has to be constrained to obtain an action. Solving such a constraint on vector and spinor prepotentials in Wess-Zumino gauge one obtains the new supergravity with 12+12 fields and local symmetry. A possible relaxation of this constraint is briefly considered (16+16 fields version) [ru

  11. Euclidean supergravity and multi-centered solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.A. Sabra

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available In ungauged supergravity theories, the no-force condition for BPS states implies the existence of stable static multi-centered solutions. The first solutions to Einstein–Maxwell theory with a positive cosmological constant describing an arbitrary number of charged black holes were found by Kastor and Traschen. Generalisations to five and higher dimensional theories were obtained by London. Multi-centered solutions in gauged supergravity, even with time-dependence allowed, have yet to be constructed. In this letter we construct supersymmetry-preserving multi-centered solutions for the case of D=5, N=2 Euclidean gauged supergravity coupled to an arbitrary number of vector multiplets. Higher dimensional Einstein–Maxwell multi-centered solutions are also presented.

  12. N=2 no-scale supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Itoyama, H.; McLerran, L.; Taylor, T.R.; Van der Bij, J.J.

    1987-01-12

    N=2 extended supergravity is discussed and an assessment is made of the problems encountered in applying it to the construction of phenomenological models of particle physics. A specific class of so-called no-scale models is discussed, in which the two supersymmetries are spontaneously broken in flat space-time, with naturally vanishing cosmological constant and the symmetry breaking undetermined at the classical level. Supergravity-induced supersymmetry breaking generates effective mass terms for spin-1/2 components of the vector gauge multiplets and spin-0 components of the scalar matter multiplets. For finite globally supersymmetric models, this supersymmetry breaking preserves the finiteness. Possible connections of N=2 no-scale supergravity with superstrings and finite range antigravity are mentioned.

  13. N=2 no-scale supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Itoyama, H.; McLerran, L.; Taylor, T.R.; Van der Bij, J.J.

    1987-01-01

    N=2 extended supergravity is discussed and an assessment is made of the problems encountered in applying it to the construction of phenomenological models of particle physics. A specific class of so-called no-scale models is discussed, in which the two supersymmetries are spontaneously broken in flat space-time, with naturally vanishing cosmological constant and the symmetry breaking undetermined at the classical level. Supergravity-induced supersymmetry breaking generates effective mass terms for spin-1/2 components of the vector gauge multiplets and spin-0 components of the scalar matter multiplets. For finite globally supersymmetric models, this supersymmetry breaking preserves the finiteness. Possible connections of N=2 no-scale supergravity with superstrings and finite range antigravity are mentioned. (orig.)

  14. Massive type IIA supergravity and E10

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Henneaux, M.; Kleinschmidt, A.; Persson, D.; Jamsin, E.

    2009-01-01

    In this talk we investigate the symmetry under E 10 of Romans' massive type IIA supergravity. We show that the dynamics of a spinning particle in a non-linear sigma model on the coset space E 10 /K(E 10 ) reproduces the bosonic and fermionic dynamics of massive IIA supergravity, in the standard truncation. In particular, we identify Romans' mass with a generator of E 10 that is beyond the realm of the generators of E 10 considered in the eleven-dimensional analysis, but using the same, underformed sigma model. As a consequence, this work provides a dynamical unification of the massless and massive versions of type IIA supergravity inside E 10 . (Abstract Copyright [2009], Wiley Periodicals, Inc.)

  15. Squashed, magnetized black holes in D = 5 minimal gauged supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blázquez-Salcedo, Jose Luis; Kunz, Jutta; Navarro-Lérida, Francisco; Radu, Eugen

    2018-02-01

    We construct a new class of black hole solutions in five-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory with a negative cosmological constant. These configurations are cohomogeneity-1, with two equal-magnitude angular momenta. In the generic case, they possess a non-vanishing magnetic potential at infinity with a boundary metric which is the product of time and a squashed three-dimensional sphere. Both extremal and non-extremal black holes are studied. The non-extremal black holes satisfying a certain relation between electric charge, angular momenta and magnitude of the magnetic potential at infinity do not trivialize in the limit of vanishing event horizon size, becoming particle-like (non-topological) solitonic configurations. Among the extremal black holes, we show the existence of a new one-parameter family of supersymmetric solutions, which bifurcate from a critical Gutowski-Reall configuration.

  16. Topics in supergravity and string theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eastaugh, A.G.

    1987-01-01

    The first topic covered in this dissertation concerns the harmonic expansion technique and its application to the dimensional compactification of higher dimensional supergravity. A simple example is given to explain the method and then the method is applied to the problem of obtaining the mass spectrum of the squashed seven-sphere compactification of eleven dimensional supergravity. The second topic concerns the application of Fujikawa's method of anomaly calculation to the calculation of the critical dimension of various string models. The third topic is a study and explicit calculation of the Fock space representation of the vertex in Witten's formulation of the interacting open bosonic string field theory

  17. Formulation of 11-dimensional supergravity in superspace

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cremmer, E.; Ferrara, S.

    1980-01-01

    We formulate on-shell 11-dimensional supergravity in superspace and express its equations of motion in terms of purely geometrical quantities. All torsion and curvature components are solved in terms of a single superfield Wsub(rstu), totally antisymmetric in its (flat vector) indices. The dimensional reduction of this formulation is expected to be related to the superspace formulation of N = 8 extended supergravity and might explain the origin of the hidden (local) SU(8) and (global) E 7 symmetries present in this theory. (orig.)

  18. Goldstino superfields in N=2 supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuzenko, Sergei M.; McArthur, Ian N. [School of Physics and Astrophysics M013, The University of Western Australia,35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia); Tartaglino-Mazzucchelli, Gabriele [Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica, KU Leuven,Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)

    2017-05-11

    We present off-shell N=2 supergravity actions, which exhibit spontaneously broken local supersymmetry and allow for de Sitter vacua for certain values of the parameters. They are obtained by coupling the standard N=2 supergravity-matter systems to the Goldstino superfields introduced in arXiv:1105.3001 and arXiv:1607.01277 in the rigid supersymmetric case. These N=2 Goldstino superfields include nilpotent chiral and linear supermultiplets. We also describe a new reducible N=1 Goldstino supermultiplet.

  19. Generation of composite operators in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abdalla, E.

    1984-07-01

    The author discusses the generation of quantum composite operators in two and higher dimensions. In two dimensions the problem is discussed in detail, and the supergravity fields, trivial at the beginning, acquire the status of independent fields, non trivial features being obtained as consequence. In higher dimensions one is led to non compact symmetry groups when dealing with supergravity. The symmetry SU(p,q) is discussed; quantization presents several problems. In one case, p=q, it is possible to obtain a prescription leading to finite results, with a quantization procedure breaking the symmetry to SU(p) X SU(q). (Auth.)

  20. Aspects of Weyl Supergravity arXiv

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Sergio; Lust, Dieter

    In this paper we study the spectrum of all conformal, ${\\cal N}$-extended supergravities (${\\cal N}=1,2,3,4$) in four space-time dimensions. When these theories are obtained as massless limit of Einstein plus Weyl$^2$supergravity, the appropriate counting of the enhanced gauge symmetries allow us to derive the massless spectrum which consist of a dipole ghost graviton multiplet, a ${\\cal N}$-fold tripole ghost gravitino, the third state belonging to a spin 3/2 multiplet and a residual vector multiplet present for non-maximal ${\\cal N}<4$ theories. These theories are not expected to have a standard gravity holographic dual in five dimensions.

  1. Asymptotically spacelike warped anti-de Sitter spacetimes in generalized minimal massive gravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Setare, M R; Adami, H

    2017-01-01

    In this paper we show that warped AdS 3 black hole spacetime is a solution of the generalized minimal massive gravity (GMMG) and introduce suitable boundary conditions for asymptotically warped AdS 3 spacetimes. Then we find the Killing vector fields such that transformations generated by them preserve the considered boundary conditions. We calculate the conserved charges which correspond to the obtained Killing vector fields and show that the algebra of the asymptotic conserved charges is given as the semi direct product of the Virasoro algebra with U (1) current algebra. We use a particular Sugawara construction to reconstruct the conformal algebra. Thus, we are allowed to use the Cardy formula to calculate the entropy of the warped black hole. We demonstrate that the gravitational entropy of the warped black hole exactly coincides with what we obtain via Cardy’s formula. As we expect, the warped Cardy formula also gives us exactly the same result as we obtain from the usual Cardy’s formula. We calculate mass and angular momentum of the warped black hole and then check that obtained mass, angular momentum and entropy to satisfy the first law of the black hole mechanics. According to the results of this paper we believe that the dual theory of the warped AdS 3 black hole solution of GMMG is a warped CFT. (paper)

  2. On the OSp(1,4) renormalisable theory of supergravity with higher derivatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Namazie, M.A.

    1980-01-01

    Supergravity Langrangian invariant under local orthosymplectic and general coordinate transformations is presented. It is conjectured that the Lagrangian describes a renormalisable theory. New features in this formulation are the introduction of a group invariant metric tensor and the corresponding connection. As in other higher-derivative theories metric ghosts are present. (author)

  3. Conformal supergravity in five dimensions: new approach and applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butter, Daniel; Kuzenko, Sergei M.; Novak, Joseph; Tartaglino-Mazzucchelli, Gabriele

    2015-02-01

    We develop a new off-shell formulation for five-dimensional (5D) conformal supergravity obtained by gauging the 5D superconformal algebra in superspace. An important property of the conformal superspace introduced is that it reduces to the super-conformal tensor calculus (formulated in the early 2000's) upon gauging away a number of superfluous fields. On the other hand, a different gauge fixing reduces our formulation to the SU(2) superspace of arXiv:0802.3953, which is suitable to describe the most general off-shell supergravity-matter couplings. Using the conformal superspace approach, we show how to reproduce practically all off-shell constructions derived so far, including he supersymmetric extensions of R 2 terms, thus demonstrating the power of our formulation. Furthermore, we construct for the first time a supersymmetric completion of the Ricci tensor squared term using the standard Weyl multiplet coupled to an off-shell vector multiplet. In addition, we present several procedures to generate higher-order off-shell invariants in supergravity, including higher-derivative ones. The covariant projective multiplets proposed in arXiv:0802.3953 are lifted to conformal superspace, and a manifestly superconformal action principle is given. We also introduce unconstrained prepotentials for the vector multiplet, the multiplet (i.e., the linear multiplet without central charge) and multiplets, with n = 0 , 1 , . . . Superform formulations are given for the BF action and the non-abelian Chern-Simons action. Finally, we describe locally supersymmetric theories with gauged central charge in conformal superspace.

  4. Construction of N=8 supergravity theories by dimensional reduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boucher, W.

    1985-01-01

    In this paper I ask which N=8 supergravity theories in four dimensions can be obtained by dimensional reduction of the N=1 supergravity theory in eleven dimensions. Several years ago Scherk and Schwarz produced a particular class of N = 8 theories by giving a dimensional reduction scheme on the restricted class of coset spaces, G/H, with dim H=0 (and therefore dim G=7). I generalize their considerations by looking at arbitrary (seven-dimensional) coset spaces. Also, instead of giving a particular ansatz which happens to work, I set about the distinctly more difficult task of determining all ansatzes which produce N=8 theories. The basic ingredient of my dimensional reduction scheme is the demand that certain symmetries, including supersymmetry, be truncated consistently. I find the surprising result that the only N=8 theories obtainable within the contexts of my scheme are those theories already written down by Scherk and Schwarz. In particular dim H=0 and dim G=7. Independently of these considerations, I prove that any dimensional reduction scheme which consistently truncates supersymmetry must also be consistent with the equations of motion. I discuss Lorentz-invariant solutions of the theories of Scherk and Schwarz, pointing out that since the ansatz of Scherk and Schwarz consistently truncates supersymmetry, any solution of these theories is also a solution of the N=1 supergravity theory in eleven dimensions and, hence, in particular that there is a Freund-Rubin-type ansatz for these theories. However I demonstrate that for most gauge groups the ansatz must be trivial which implies that for these theories the cosmological constant of any Lorentz-invariant solution must be zero (classically). Finally, I make some comparisons with work by Manton on dimensional reduction. (orig.)

  5. Conformal supergravity in five dimensions: new approach and applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butter, Daniel [Nikhef Theory Group,Science Park 105, 1098 XG Amsterdam (Netherlands); Kuzenko, Sergei M.; Novak, Joseph; Tartaglino-Mazzucchelli, Gabriele [School of Physics M013, The University of Western Australia,35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia)

    2015-02-17

    We develop a new off-shell formulation for five-dimensional (5D) conformal supergravity obtained by gauging the 5D superconformal algebra in superspace. An important property of the conformal superspace introduced is that it reduces to the superconformal tensor calculus (formulated in the early 2000’s) upon gauging away a number of superfluous fields. On the other hand, a different gauge fixing reduces our formulation to the SU(2) superspace of arXiv:0802.3953, which is suitable to describe the most general off-shell supergravity-matter couplings. Using the conformal superspace approach, we show how to reproduce practically all off-shell constructions derived so far, including the supersymmetric extensions of R{sup 2} terms, thus demonstrating the power of our formulation. Furthermore, we construct for the first time a supersymmetric completion of the Ricci tensor squared term using the standard Weyl multiplet coupled to an off-shell vector multiplet. In addition, we present several procedures to generate higher-order off-shell invariants in supergravity, including higher-derivative ones. The covariant projective multiplets proposed in arXiv:0802.3953 are lifted to conformal superspace, and a manifestly superconformal action principle is given. We also introduce unconstrained prepotentials for the vector multiplet, the O(2) multiplet (i.e., the linear multiplet without central charge) and O(4+n) multiplets, with n=0,1,… Superform formulations are given for the BF action and the non-abelian Chern-Simons action. Finally, we describe locally supersymmetric theories with gauged central charge in conformal superspace.

  6. Fermion mass hierarchies in low-energy supergravity and superstring models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Binetruy, P.

    1995-01-01

    We investigate the problem of the fermion mass hierarchy in supergravity models with flat directions of the scalar potential associated with some gauge singlet moduli fields. The low-energy Yukawa couplings are non-trivial homogeneous functions of the moduli and a geometric constraint between them plays, in a large class of models, a crucial role in generating hierarchies. Explicit examples are given for no-scale type supergravity models. The Yukawa couplings are dynamical variables at low energy, to be determined by a minimization process which amounts to fixing ratios of the moduli fields. The Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model is studied and the constraints needed on the parameters in order to have a top quark much heavier than the other fermions are worked out. The bottom mass is explicitly computed and shown to be compatible with the experimental data for a large region of the parameter space. ((orig.))

  7. Kaluza-Klein supergravity in ten dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huq, M.; Namazie, M.A.

    1983-11-01

    We construct a massive version of N=2 supergravity in ten dimensions by compactification of the eleven dimensional, N=1 theory. This theory describes the usual N=2 massless super-multiplet, in addition to which there is an infinite tower of massive, charged N=2 supermultiplets. (author)

  8. Generating geodesic flows and supergravity solutions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergshoeff, E.; Chemissany, W.; Ploegh, A.; Trigiante, M.; Van Riet, T.

    2009-01-01

    We consider the geodesic motion on the symmetric moduli spaces that arise after timelike and spacellike reductions of supergravity theories. The geodesics correspond to timelike respectively spacelike p-brane Solutions when they are lifted over a p-dimensional flat space. In particular, we consider

  9. Extremal black holes in N=2 supergravity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Katmadas, S.

    2011-01-01

    An explanation for the entropy of black holes has been an outstanding problem in recent decades. A special case where this is possible is that of extremal black holes in N=2 supergravity in four and five dimensions. The best developed case is for black holes preserving some supersymmetry (BPS),

  10. Spontaneous symmetry breaking in N = 2 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zinov'ev, Y.M.

    1987-01-01

    A model describing the interaction of N = 2 supergravity with a vector and a linear multiplet is constructed. The model admits the introduction of spontaneous supersymmetry breaking with two arbitrary scales, one of which can be equal to zero, corresponding to the partial super-Higgs effect (N = 2→N = 1). The cosmological term is automatically equal to zero

  11. Local supertwistors and N=2 conformal supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Merkulov, S.A.

    1989-01-01

    N = 2 sypersymmetric extension of the local twistor theory is formulated. A supertwistor superconnection determined by the superconformal structure of the base superspace is introduced on the bundle of N = 2 local supertwistors. It is proved that the Yang - Mills equations for this superconnection coincide exactly with the Bach equations describing the dynamics of N 2 conformal supergravity

  12. No-scale supergravity and cosmology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deruelle, N.

    1988-01-01

    The confrontation of current unified theories with cosmoly may prove to be very fruteful. Indeed the demand that the cosmological models they induce match the standard scenario and be free of manifest pathologies imposes severe constraints on them. We thus show that no-scale supergravity (at least its simplest incarnation) may not provide acceptable models of the early universe [fr

  13. Kaluza-Klein theories and supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva. Audiovisual Unit

    1986-01-01

    In all recent attempts at a unified description of all fundamental interactions, the idea of introducing extra dimensions has played an important role. This idea becomes even more attractive when combined with the more recent concepts of supersymmetry and supergravity. These topics as well as more recent developments will be reviewed at an introductory level in these lectures.

  14. Graded-Lie-algebra cohomology and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    D'Auria, R.; Fre, P.; Regge, T.

    1980-01-01

    Detailed explanations of the cohomology invoked in the group-manifold approach to supergravity is given. The Chevalley cohomology theory of Lie algebras is extended to graded Lie algebras. The scheme of geometrical theories is enlarged so to include cosmological terms and higher powers of the curvature. (author)

  15. Complex linear Goldstino superfield and supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuzenko, Sergei M. [School of Physics M013, The University of Western Australia,35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia)

    2015-10-01

    The complex linear Goldstino superfield was proposed in http://arxiv.org/abs/1102.3042 for the cases of global and local four-dimensional N=1 supersymmetry. Here we make use of this superfield to construct a supergravity action which is invariant under spontaneously broken local N=1 supersymmetry and has a positive cosmological constant for certain values of the parameters.

  16. Inflation via Gravitino Condensation in Dynamically Broken Supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Alexandre, Jean; Mavromatos, Nick E

    2015-01-01

    Gravitino-condensate-induced inflation via the super-Higgs effect is a UV-motivated scenario for both inflating the early universe and breaking local supersymmetry dynamically, entirely independent of any coupling to external matter. As an added benefit, this also removes the (as of yet unobserved) massless Goldstino associated to global supersymmetry breaking from the particle spectrum. In this review we detail the pertinent properties and outline previously hidden details of the various steps required in this context in order to make contact with current inflationary phenomenology. The class of models of SUGRA we use to exemplify our approach are minimal four-dimensional N=1 supergravity and conformal extensions thereof (with broken conformal symmetry). Therein, the gravitino condensate itself can play the role of the inflaton, however the requirement of slow-roll necessitates unnaturally large values of the wave-function renormalisation. Nevertheless, there is an alternative scenario that may provide Staro...

  17. Hypermultiplet gaugings and supersymmetric solutions from 11D and massive IIA supergravity on H^{(p,q)} spaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guarino, Adolfo

    2018-03-01

    Supersymmetric {AdS}4, {AdS}2 × Σ 2 and asymptotically AdS4 black hole solutions are studied in the context of non-minimal N=2 supergravity models involving three vector multiplets (STU-model) and Abelian gaugings of the universal hypermultiplet moduli space. Such models correspond to consistent subsectors of the {SO}(p,q) and {ISO}(p,q) gauged maximal supergravities that arise from the reduction of 11D and massive IIA supergravity on {H}^{(p,q)} spaces down to four dimensions. A unified description of all the models is provided in terms of a square-root prepotential and the gauging of a duality-hidden symmetry pair of the universal hypermultiplet. Some aspects of M-theory and massive IIA holography are mentioned in passing.

  18. Manifesting enhanced cancellations in supergravity: integrands versus integrals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bern, Zvi; Enciso, Michael; Parra-Martinez, Julio; Zeng, Mao [Mani L. Bhaumik Institute for Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy,University of California at Los Angeles,Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

    2017-05-25

    Examples of ‘enhanced ultraviolet cancellations’ with no known standard-symmetry explanation have been found in a variety of supergravity theories. By examining one- and two-loop examples in four- and five-dimensional half-maximal supergravity, we argue that enhanced cancellations in general cannot be exhibited prior to integration. In light of this, we explore reorganizations of integrands into parts that are manifestly finite and parts that have poor power counting but integrate to zero due to integral identities. At two loops we find that in the large loop-momentum limit the required integral identities follow from Lorentz and SL(2) relabeling symmetry. We carry out a nontrivial check at four loops showing that the identities generated in this way are a complete set. We propose that at L loops the combination of Lorentz and SL(L) symmetry is sufficient for displaying enhanced cancellations when they happen, whenever the theory is known to be ultraviolet finite up to (L−1) loops.

  19. N=2 vacua in electrically gauged N=4 supergravities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Horst, Christoph

    2013-06-15

    In this thesis we study N= 2 vacua in gauged N=4 supergravity theories in fourdimensional spacetime. Using the embedding tensor formalism that describes general consistent magnetic gaugings of an ungauged N=4 matter-coupled supergravity theory in a symplectic frame with SO(1,1) x SO(6,n) off-shell symmetry we formulate necessary conditions for partial supersymmetry breaking and find that the Killing spinor equations can be solved for the embedding tensor components. Subsequently, we show that the classification of theories that allow for vacua with partial supersymmetry amounts to solving a system of purely algebraic quadratic equations. Then, we restrict ourselves to the class of purely electric gaugings and explicitly construct a class of consistent super-Higgs mechanisms and study its properties. In particular, we find that the spectrum fills complete N=2 supermultiplets that are either massless or BPS. Furthermore, we demonstrate that (modulo an abelian Lie algebra) arbitrary unbroken gauge Lie algebras can be realized provided that the number of N=4 vector multiplets is sufficiently large. Finally, we compute the relevant terms of the effective action below the scale of partial supersymmetry breaking and argue that the special Kaehler manifold for the scalars of the N=2 vector multiplets has to be in the unique series of special Kaehler product manifolds.

  20. BFV-BRST quantization of 2D supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fujiwara, T.; Igarashi, Y.; Kuriki, R.; Tabei, T.

    1995-02-01

    Two-dimensional supergravity theory is quantized as an anomalous gauge theory. In the Batalin-Fradkin (BF) formalism, the anomaly-canceling super-Liouville fields are introduced to identify the original second-class constrained system with a gauge-fixed version of a first-class system. The BFV-BRST quantization applies to formulate the theory in the most general class of gauges. A local effective action constructed in the configuration space contains two super-Liouville actions; one is a noncovariant but local functional written only in terms of 2D supergravity fields, and the other contains the super-Liouville fields canceling the super-Weyl anomaly. Auxiliary fields for the Liouville and the gravity super-multiplets are introduced to make the BRST algebra close off-shell. Inclusion of them turns out to be essentially important especially in the super-lightcone gauge-fixing, where the super-curvature equations (δ - 3 g ++ =δ - 2 χ ++ =0) are obtained as a result of BRST invariance of the theory. Our approach reveals the origin of the OSp (1,2) current algebra symmetry in a transparent manner. (author)

  1. Supergravity and supersymmetry breaking in four and five dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ellis, John; Lalak, Zygmunt; Pokorski, Stefan; Thomas, Steven

    1999-01-01

    We discuss supersymmetry breaking in the field-theoretical limit of the strongly coupled heterotic string compactified on a Calabi-Yau manifold, from the different perspectives of four and five dimensions. The former applies to light degrees of freedom below the threshold for five-dimensional Kaluza-Klein excitations, whereas the five-dimensional perspective is also valid up to the Calabi-Yau scale. We show how, in the latter case, two gauge sectors separated in the fifth dimension are combined to form a consistent four-dimensional supergravity. In the lowest order of the κ 2/3 expansion, we show how a four-dimensional supergravity with gauge kinetic function f 1,2 =S is reproduced, and we show how higher-order terms give rise to four-dimensional operators that differ in the two gauge sectors. In the four-dimensional approach, supersymmetry is seen to be broken when condensates form on one or both walls, and the goldstino may have a non-zero dilatino component. As in the five-dimensional approach, the Lagrangian is not a perfect square, and we have not identified a vacuum with broken supersymmetry and zero vacuum energy. We derive soft supersymmetry-breaking terms for non-standard perturbative embeddings, that are relevant in more general situations such as type I/type IIB orientifold models

  2. Mutagenicity screening: General principles and minimal criteria. Report of a committee of the European Environmental Mutagen Society

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kilbey, B.J.; Igali, S.; Lohman, P.H.M.

    1978-01-01

    A statement of general principles and minimal criteria for the screening of chemicals for potential mutagenicity in man that may be used as guidelines for regulatory agencies and industrial organisations. To make clear the potentialities and current limitations of short-term mutagenicity testing for

  3. 3D gauged supergravity from SU(2) reduction of $N=1$ 6D supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Gava, Edi; Narain, K S

    2010-01-01

    We obtain Yang-Mills $SU(2)\\times G$ gauged supergravity in three dimensions from $SU(2)$ group manifold reduction of (1,0) six dimensional supergravity coupled to an anti-symmetric tensor multiplet and gauge vector multiplets in the adjoint of $G$. The reduced theory is consistently truncated to $N=4$ 3D supergravity coupled to $4(1+\\textrm{dim}\\, G)$ bosonic and $4(1+\\textrm{dim}\\, G)$ fermionic propagating degrees of freedom. This is in contrast to the reduction in which there are also massive vector fields. The scalar manifold is $\\mathbf{R}\\times \\frac{SO(3,\\, \\textrm{dim}\\, G)}{SO(3)\\times SO(\\textrm{dim}\\, G)}$, and there is a $SU(2)\\times G$ gauge group. We then construct $N=4$ Chern-Simons $(SO(3)\\ltimes \\mathbf{R}^3)\\times (G\\ltimes \\mathbf{R}^{\\textrm{dim}G})$ three dimensional gauged supergravity with scalar manifold $\\frac{SO(4,\\,1+\\textrm{dim}G)}{SO(4)\\times SO(1+\\textrm{dim}G)}$ and explicitly show that this theory is on-shell equivalent to the Yang-Mills $SO(3)\\times G$ gauged supergravity the...

  4. High energy scattering in gravity and supergravity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    B. Giddings, Steven; Schmidt-Sommerfeld, Maximilian; Andersen, Jeppe Rosenkrantz

    2010-01-01

    We investigate features of perturbative gravity and supergravity by studying scattering in the ultraplanckian limit, and sharpen arguments that the dynamics is governed by long-distance physics. A simple example capturing aspects of the eikonal resummation suggests why short distance phenomena...... and in particular divergences or nonrenormalizability do not necessarily play a central role in this regime. A more profound problem is apparently unitarity. These considerations can be illustrated by showing that known gravity and supergravity amplitudes have the same long-distance behavior, despite the extra...... a physical scattering process, and ultraplanckian scattering exhibiting Regge behavior. These arguments sharpen the need to find a nonperturbative completion of gravity with mechanisms which restore unitarity in the strong gravity regime....

  5. Stable supergravity dual of nonsupersymmetric glue

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Babington, James; Crooks, David E.; Evans, Nick

    2003-01-01

    We study nonsupersymmetric fermion mass and condensate deformations of the AdS conformal field theory correspondence. The five dimensional supergravity flows are lifted to a complete and remarkably simple ten dimensional background. A brane probe analysis shows that when all the fermions have an equal mass a positive mass is generated for all six scalar fields leaving nonsupersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in the deep infrared. We numerically determine the potential, produced by the background, in the Schroedinger equation relevant to the study of O ++ glueballs. The potential is a bounded well, providing evidence of stability and for a discrete, confined spectrum. The geometry can also describe the supergravity background around an (unstable) fuzzy 5-brane

  6. Extended ΛCDM: generalized non-minimal coupling for dark matter fluids

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bettoni, Dario; Liberati, Stefano; Sindoni, Lorenzo

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we discuss a class of models that address the issue of explaining the gravitational dynamics at the galactic scale starting from a geometric point of view. Instead of claiming the existence of some hidden coupling between dark matter and baryons, or abandoning the existence of dark matter itself, we consider the possibility that dark matter and gravity have some non trivial interaction able to modify the dynamics at astrophysical scales. This interaction is implemented assuming that dark matter gets non-minimally coupled with gravity at suitably small scales and late times. After showing the predictions of the model in the Newtonian limit we also discuss the possible origin of it non-minimal coupling. This investigation seems to suggest that phenomenological mechanisms envisaged for the dark matter dynamics, such as the Bose-Einstein condensation of dark matter halos, could be connected to this class of models

  7. Tensor calculus for supergravity on a manifold with boundary

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Belyaev, Dmitry V.; Nieuwenhuizen, Peter van

    2008-01-01

    Using the simple setting of 3D N = 1 supergravity, we show how the tensor calculus of supergravity can be extended to manifolds with boundary. We present an extension of the standard F-density formula which yields supersymmetric bulk-plus-boundary actions. To construct additional separately supersymmetric boundary actions, we decompose bulk supergravity and bulk matter multiplets into co-dimension one submultiplets. As an illustration we obtain the supersymmetric extension of the York-Gibbons-Hawking extrinsic curvature boundary term. We emphasize that our construction does not require any boundary conditions on off-shell fields. This gives a significant improvement over the existing orbifold supergravity tensor calculus

  8. One-loop infinities in dimensionally reduced supergravities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fradkin, E.S.; Tseytlin, A.A.

    1983-11-01

    It is proved explicitly in the paper that d=4 theory following via reduction from N=1, d=10 supergravities is not finite at one loop while the version of N=8 supergravity directly following from N=1, d=11 theory is one-loop finite. The method used is based on quantization of initial higher dimensional theory as a first step. The results also suggest possible existence of non-standard (higher N) d>4 supergravities which reduce to d=4 theories with finite N=8 supergravity sector. (author)

  9. Ultraviolet Behavior of N = 8 Supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dixon, Lance J.

    2010-01-01

    In these lectures the author describes the remarkable ultraviolet behavior of N = 8 supergravity, which through four loops is no worse than that of N = 4 super-Yang-Mills theory (a finite theory). I also explain the computational tools that allow multi-loop amplitudes to be evaluated in this theory - the KLT relations and the unitarity method - and sketch how ultraviolet divergences are extracted from the amplitudes.

  10. Newton-Cartan supergravity with torsion and Schrödinger supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bergshoeff, Eric; Rosseel, Jan; Zojer, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    We derive a torsionfull version of three-dimensional N=2 Newton-Cartan supergravity using a non-relativistic notion of the superconformal tensor calculus. The “superconformal” theory that we start with is Schrödinger supergravity which we obtain by gauging the Schrödinger superalgebra. We present two non-relativistic N=2 matter multiplets that can be used as compensators in the superconformal calculus. They lead to two different off-shell formulations which, in analogy with the relativistic case, we call “old minimal” and “new minimal” Newton-Cartan supergravity. We find similarities but also point out some differences with respect to the relativistic case.

  11. Newton-Cartan supergravity with torsion and Schrödinger supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bergshoeff, Eric [Van Swinderen Institute for Particle Physics and Gravity, University of Groningen,Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands); Rosseel, Jan [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Vienna University of Technology,Wiedner Hauptstr. 8-10/136, A-1040 Vienna (Austria); Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, University of Bern,Sidlerstrasse 5, 3012 Bern (Switzerland); Zojer, Thomas [Van Swinderen Institute for Particle Physics and Gravity, University of Groningen,Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen (Netherlands)

    2015-11-25

    We derive a torsionfull version of three-dimensional N=2 Newton-Cartan supergravity using a non-relativistic notion of the superconformal tensor calculus. The “superconformal” theory that we start with is Schrödinger supergravity which we obtain by gauging the Schrödinger superalgebra. We present two non-relativistic N=2 matter multiplets that can be used as compensators in the superconformal calculus. They lead to two different off-shell formulations which, in analogy with the relativistic case, we call “old minimal” and “new minimal” Newton-Cartan supergravity. We find similarities but also point out some differences with respect to the relativistic case.

  12. Two dimensional (4,0) supergravity in harmonic superspace. The action and the matter couplings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lhallabi, T.; Saidi, E.H.

    1988-08-01

    The superfield formulation of the two dimensional (4,0) supergravity is developed using the harmonic superspace techniques. The different sets of constraints are given and their solutions are expressed in terms of a SU(2) self dual torsion superfield and harmonic prepotentials. The pure auxiliary (4,0) Einstein action generalizing the (2,0) one is written down and the most general (4,0) matter couplings are given. (author). 24 refs

  13. Ward identities of local supersymmetry and spontaneous breaking of extended supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cecotti, S.; Girardello, L.; Porrati, M.

    1985-01-01

    It is a general agreement that any extended supergravity theory, in order to lead to a viable model with acceptable phenomenological implications, should admit spontaneous breaking to N = 1 local supersymmetry in a Minkowski background. It is then important to understand the possible patterns of partial breaking of extended local supersymmetry. These patterns strongly depend on the theory being formulated directly in 4-D or in higher-D. In general, the higher-D theories lead to partial breaking in 4-D anti-de Sitter spaces. Examples are known with partial breaking in flat space. They result respectively from a generalized dimensional reduction of the N = 1 theory in 11-D or from the spontaneous compactification of the 10-D low-energy theory from the superstring theory and of a 6-D Maxwell-Einstein supergravity model. We will comment later on this example. In this paper we will discuss some considerations which apply to theories formulated in 4-D

  14. Full component Lagrangian in the linear multiplet formulation of string-inspired effective supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Giedt, Joel

    2003-01-01

    We compute the component field four-dimensional N = 1 supergravity Lagrangian that is obtained from a superfield Lagrangian in the U(1) K formalism with a linear dilaton multiplet. All fermionic terms are presented. In a variety of important ways, our results generalize those that have been reported previously, and are flexible enough to accommodate many situations of phenomenological interest in string-inspired effective supergravity, especially models based on orbifold compactifications of the weakly coupled heterotic string. We provide for an effective theory of hidden gaugino and matter condensation. We include supersymmetric Green-Schwarz counterterms associated with the cancellation of U(1) and modular duality anomalies; the modular duality counterterm is of a rather general form. Our assumed form for the dilaton Kaehler potential is quite general and can accommodate Kaehler stabilization methods. We note possible applications of our results. We also discuss the usefulness of the linear dilaton formulation as a complement to the chiral dilaton approach

  15. Constrained Total Generalized p-Variation Minimization for Few-View X-Ray Computed Tomography Image Reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hanming; Wang, Linyuan; Yan, Bin; Li, Lei; Cai, Ailong; Hu, Guoen

    2016-01-01

    Total generalized variation (TGV)-based computed tomography (CT) image reconstruction, which utilizes high-order image derivatives, is superior to total variation-based methods in terms of the preservation of edge information and the suppression of unfavorable staircase effects. However, conventional TGV regularization employs l1-based form, which is not the most direct method for maximizing sparsity prior. In this study, we propose a total generalized p-variation (TGpV) regularization model to improve the sparsity exploitation of TGV and offer efficient solutions to few-view CT image reconstruction problems. To solve the nonconvex optimization problem of the TGpV minimization model, we then present an efficient iterative algorithm based on the alternating minimization of augmented Lagrangian function. All of the resulting subproblems decoupled by variable splitting admit explicit solutions by applying alternating minimization method and generalized p-shrinkage mapping. In addition, approximate solutions that can be easily performed and quickly calculated through fast Fourier transform are derived using the proximal point method to reduce the cost of inner subproblems. The accuracy and efficiency of the simulated and real data are qualitatively and quantitatively evaluated to validate the efficiency and feasibility of the proposed method. Overall, the proposed method exhibits reasonable performance and outperforms the original TGV-based method when applied to few-view problems.

  16. Nonlinear symmetries of black hole entropy in gauged supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klemm, Dietmar [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano,and INFN, Sezione di Milano,Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milano (Italy); Marrani, Alessio [Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche ‘Enrico Fermi’,Via Panisperna 89A, I-00184 Roma (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia ‘Galileo Galilei’, Università di Padova,and INFN, Sezione di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Petri, Nicolò; Rabbiosi, Marco [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano,and INFN, Sezione di Milano,Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milano (Italy)

    2017-04-04

    Freudenthal duality in N=2, D=4 ungauged supergravity is generated by an anti-involutive operator that acts on the electromagnetic fluxes, and results to be a symmetry of the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. We show that, with a suitable extension, this duality can be generalized to the abelian gauged case as well, even in presence of hypermultiplets. By defining Freudenthal duality along the scalar flow, one can prove that two configurations of charges and gaugings linked by the Freudenthal operator share the same set of values of the scalar fields at the black hole horizon. Consequently, Freudenthal duality is promoted to a nonlinear symmetry of the black hole entropy. We explicitly show this invariance for the model with prepotential F=−iX{sup 0}X{sup 1} and Fayet-Iliopoulos gauging.

  17. Computing the scalar field couplings in 6D supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saidi, El Hassan

    2008-11-01

    Using non-chiral supersymmetry in 6D space-time, we compute the explicit expression of the metric the scalar manifold SO(1,1)×{SO(4,20)}/{SO(4)×SO(20)} of the ten-dimensional type IIA superstring on generic K3. We consider as well the scalar field self-couplings in the general case where the non-chiral 6D supergravity multiplet is coupled to generic n vector supermultiplets with moduli space SO(1,1)×{SO(4,n)}/{SO(4)×SO(n)}. We also work out a dictionary giving a correspondence between hyper-Kähler geometry and the Kähler geometry of the Coulomb branch of 10D type IIA on Calabi-Yau threefolds. Others features are also discussed.

  18. Inflation and leptogenesis from right handed sneutrinos in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peloso, Marco

    2016-01-01

    We describe a supergravity model of inflation where the inflaton is identified with one linerar combination of two right handed sneutrino fields. The potential along the inflationary trajectory is flatter than that of massive chaotic inflation, resulting in a detectable but not ruled out tensor-to-scalar ratio r. In general, the potential for the two sneutrinos has complex phases. As a result, the two neutrinos can develop a nonvanishing lepton charge through a simple modification of the Affleck-Dine mechanism. [This talk summarizes the work of Evans, Ghergetta, and Peloso, Phys. Rev. D 92, no. 2, 021303 (2015) (Ref. 1). Please refer to that work for details and for a more comprehensive list of references.

  19. N=1 supergravity off-shell in six dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, A.W.

    1983-01-01

    It is shown that the N=1 supergravity in six dimensions showns useful characteristics to study the unification of a gauge theory together with the supergravity, via dimensinal reduction, giving a geometrical interpretation for the internal quantum numbers in the reduced theory. (L.C.) [pt

  20. Attractor horizons in six-dimensional type IIB supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Astefanesei, Dumitru, E-mail: dumitru.astefanesei@ucv.cl [Instituto de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Casilla 4059, Valparaiso (Chile); Miskovic, Olivera, E-mail: olivera.miskovic@ucv.cl [Instituto de Fisica, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, Casilla 4059, Valparaiso (Chile); Olea, Rodrigo, E-mail: rodrigo.olea@unab.cl [Universidad Andres Bello, Departamento de Ciencias Fisicas, Republica 220, Santiago (Chile)

    2012-08-14

    We consider near horizon geometries of extremal black holes in six-dimensional type IIB supergravity. In particular, we use the entropy function formalism to compute the charges and thermodynamic entropy of these solutions. We also comment on the role of attractor mechanism in understanding the entropy of the Hopf T-dual solutions in type IIA supergravity.

  1. INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati School 2013: Breaking of Supersymmetry and Ultraviolet Divergences in Extended Supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    BUDS 2013

    2014-01-01

    This is the seventh volume in a series on the general topics of supersymmetry, supergravity, black objects (including black holes), and the attractor mechanism. The present volume is based on lectures held in March 2013 at the INFN-Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati during the Breaking of supersymmetry and Ultraviolet Divergences in extended Supergravity Workshop (BUDS 2013), organized by Stefano Bellucci, with the participation of prestigious speakers including P. Aschieri, E. Bergshoeff, M. Cederwall, T. Dennen, P. Di Vecchia, S. Ferrara, R. Kallosh, A. Karlsson, M. Koehn, B. Ovrut, A. Van Proeyen, G. Ruppeiner. Special attention is devoted to discussing topics related to the cancellation of ultraviolet divergences in extended supergravity and Born-Infeld-like actions. All talks were followed by extensive discussions and subsequent reworking of the various contributions, a feature which is reflected in the unique "flavor" of this volume.

  2. Concrete minimal 3 × 3 Hermitian matrices and some general cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klobouk Abel H.

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Given a Hermitian matrix M ∈ M3(ℂ we describe explicitly the real diagonal matrices DM such that ║M + DM║ ≤ ║M + D║ for all real diagonal matrices D ∈ M3(ℂ, where ║ · ║ denotes the operator norm. Moreover, we generalize our techniques to some n × n cases.

  3. The no-hair conjecture in 2D dilaton supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gamboa, J.; Georgelin, Y.

    1993-06-01

    Two dimensional dilaton gravity and supergravity are studied following Hamiltonian methods. The structure of constraints of 2D dilaton gravity and the 2D dilaton supergravity theory is discussed taking the square root of the bosonic constraints. The equations of motion are integrated in both cases, and it is shown that the solutions of the equation of motion of 2D dilaton supergravity differs from the solutions of 2D dilaton gravity only by boundary conditions on the fermionic variables, i.e. the black holes of 2D dilaton supergravity theory are exactly the same black holes of 2D bosonic dilaton gravity modulo supersymmetry transformations. This result is the bidimensional analogue of the no-hair theorem for supergravity. (authors). 28 refs

  4. Supertwistor connection and conformal supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Merkulov, S.A.

    1985-01-01

    Supersymmetry expansion of the geometry of local twistors is suggested. Definition of the space of local supertwistors is given and its differential geometry is formulated. Variational principles are discussed, and it is shown that corresponding Euler-Lagrange equations also coincide and result in superzero equations of N=1 conformal supergravitation, which generalize Bach equations

  5. General inspection strategy for fault diagnosis-minimizing the inspection costs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reinertsen, Rune; Wang Xiaozhong

    1995-01-01

    In this paper, a general inspection strategy for system fault diagnosis is presented. The procedure presented in this paper, is an improvement of methods described in papers by , and . This general strategy provides the optimal inspection procedure when the inspections require unequal effort and the minimum cut set probabilities are unequal. This feature makes the procedure described in this paper more useful for practical applications than the most recent procedure presented in the paper by Najmus-Saqib and Ishaque, which requires the minimum cut set probabilities to be equal. The inspection strategy described in this paper is based on first inspecting the basic event that will provide the maximum information gain per unit cost invested. The information gain is measured by the decrease of Shannon entropy. A detailed tutorial example is presented

  6. All gaugings and stable de Sitter in D=7 half-maximal supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dibitetto, Giuseppe [Institutionen för fysik och astronomi, University of Uppsala, Box 803, SE-751 08 Uppsala (Sweden); Fernández-Melgarejo, Jose J. [Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Marqués, Diego [Instituto de Astronomía y Física del Espacio (CONICET-UBA) C.C. 67 - Suc. 28, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2015-11-05

    We study the general formulation of gauged supergravity in seven dimensions with sixteen supercharges keeping duality covariance by means of the embedding tensor formalism. We first classify all inequivalent duality orbits of consistent deformations. Secondly, we analyse the complete set of critical points in a systematic way. Interestingly, we find the first examples of stable de Sitter solutions within a theory with such a large amount of supersymmetry.

  7. Symmetry enhancement of extremal horizons in D  =  5 supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kayani, U.

    2018-06-01

    We consider the near-horizon geometry of supersymmetric extremal black holes in un-gauged and gauged 5-dimensional supergravity, coupled to abelian vector multiplets. By analyzing the global properties of the Killing spinors, we prove that the near-horizon geometries undergo a supersymmetry enhancement. This follows from a set of generalized Lichnerowicz-type theorems we establish, together with an index theory argument. As a consequence, these solutions always admit a symmetry group.

  8. Physics of superheavy dark matter in supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addazi, Andrea; Marciano, Antonino; Ketov, Sergei V.; Khlopov, Maxim Yu.

    New trends in inflationary model building and dark matter production in supergravity are considered. Starobinsky inflation is embedded into 𝒩 = 1 supergravity, avoiding instability problems, when the inflaton belongs to a vector superfield associated with a U(1) gauge symmetry, instead of a chiral superfield. This gauge symmetry can be spontaneously broken by the super-Higgs mechanism resulting in a massive vector supermultiplet including the (real scalar) inflaton field. Both supersymmetry (SUSY) and the R-symmetry can also be spontaneously broken by the Polonyi mechanism at high scales close to the inflationary scale. In this case, Polonyi particles and gravitinos become superheavy, and can be copiously produced during inflation by the Schwinger mechanism sourced by the universe expansion. The Polonyi mass slightly exceeds twice the gravitino mass, so that Polonyi particles are unstable and decay into gravitinos. Considering the mechanisms of superheavy gravitino production, we find that the right amount of cold dark matter composed of gravitinos can be achieved. In our scenario, the parameter space of the inflaton potential is directly related to the dark matter one, providing a new unifying framework of inflation and dark matter genesis. A multi-superfield extension of the supergravity framework with a single (inflaton) superfield can result in a formation of primordial nonlinear structures like mini- and stellar-mass black holes, primordial nongaussianity, and the running spectral index of density fluctuations. This framework can be embedded into the SUSY GUTs inspired by heterotic string compactifications on Calabi-Yau three-folds, thus unifying particle physics with quantum gravity.

  9. Inflaton decay in supergravity and gravitino problem

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Takahashi, F.

    2007-09-01

    We have recently shown that, if the inflaton has a nonzero vacuum expectation value, it generically couples to any matter fields that appear in the superpotential at the tree level, and to any gauge sectors through anomalies in the supergravity. Through these processes, the inflaton decays into the supersymmetry breaking sector, producing many gravitinos. The inflaton also directly decays into a pair of the gravitinos. Taking account of these processes, we derive constraints on both inflation models and supersymmetry breaking scenarios for avoiding overproduction of the gravitinos. (orig.)

  10. Gauged N=8 d=5 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pernici, M.; Pilch, K.; Van Nieuwenhuizen, P.

    1985-01-01

    The complete gauged nonlinear N=8 d=5 supergravity action and supersymmetry transformation laws (without four- and three-fermion terms) are presented. They are obtained from the ungauged model by reinterpreting part of the field strengths of the abelian vector fields as real self-dual second-rank antisymmetric tensors. The complete set of T-tensor indentities are given and their validity is checked numerically. The model has a local Yang-Mills SO(6) and a local composite USp(8) symmetry. The self-duality is essential for the consistent coupling of the antisymmetric tensors to the nonabelian gauge fields. (orig.)

  11. The axion mass in modular invariant supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Butter, Daniel; Gaillard, Mary K.

    2005-01-01

    When supersymmetry is broken by condensates with a single condensing gauge group, there is a nonanomalous R-symmetry that prevents the universal axion from acquiring a mass. It has been argued that, in the context of supergravity, higher dimension operators will break this symmetry and may generate an axion mass too large to allow the identification of the universal axion with the QCD axion. We show that such contributions to the axion mass are highly suppressed in a class of models where the effective Lagrangian for gaugino and matter condensation respects modular invariance (T-duality)

  12. Human brain receptor autoradiography using whole hemisphere sections: a general method that minimizes tissue artefacts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Quirion, R.; Robitaille, Y.; Martial, J.; Chabot, J.G.; Lemoine, P.; Pilapil, C.; Dalpe, M.

    1987-01-01

    A general method for the preparation of high-quality, mostly ice-crystal-artefact-free whole human brain hemisphere sections is described. Upon receipt, hemispheres are divided; one is then fixed in buffered 10% formalin for neuropathological analysis while the other is cut in 8-10-mm-thick coronal slices that are then rapidly frozen in 2-methylbutane at -40 degrees C (10-15 sec) before being placed in the brain bank at -80 degrees C. Such rapid freezing markedly decreases the formation of ice-crystal artefacts. Whole-hemisphere 20-micron thick sections are then cut and mounted onto lantern-type gelatin-coated slides. These sections are subsequently used for both qualitative and quantitative in vitro receptor autoradiography. Examples of data obtained are given by using various radioligands labelling classical neutrotransmitter, neuropeptide, enzyme, and ion channel receptor binding sites. This method should be useful for the obtention of various receptor maps in human brain. Such information could be most useful for in vivo receptor visualization studies using positron emission tomography (PET) scanning. It could also indicate if a given receptor population is specifically and selectively altered in certain brain diseases, eventually leading to the development of new therapeutic approaches

  13. Fast online generalized multiscale finite element method using constraint energy minimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Eric T.; Efendiev, Yalchin; Leung, Wing Tat

    2018-02-01

    Local multiscale methods often construct multiscale basis functions in the offline stage without taking into account input parameters, such as source terms, boundary conditions, and so on. These basis functions are then used in the online stage with a specific input parameter to solve the global problem at a reduced computational cost. Recently, online approaches have been introduced, where multiscale basis functions are adaptively constructed in some regions to reduce the error significantly. In multiscale methods, it is desired to have only 1-2 iterations to reduce the error to a desired threshold. Using Generalized Multiscale Finite Element Framework [10], it was shown that by choosing sufficient number of offline basis functions, the error reduction can be made independent of physical parameters, such as scales and contrast. In this paper, our goal is to improve this. Using our recently proposed approach [4] and special online basis construction in oversampled regions, we show that the error reduction can be made sufficiently large by appropriately selecting oversampling regions. Our numerical results show that one can achieve a three order of magnitude error reduction, which is better than our previous methods. We also develop an adaptive algorithm and enrich in selected regions with large residuals. In our adaptive method, we show that the convergence rate can be determined by a user-defined parameter and we confirm this by numerical simulations. The analysis of the method is presented.

  14. New gauged N = 8, D = 4 supergravities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hull, C M

    2003-01-01

    New gaugings of four-dimensional N = 8 supergravity are constructed, including one which has a Minkowski space vacuum that preserves N = 2 supersymmetry and in which the gauge group is broken to SU(3) x U(1) 2 . Previous gaugings used the form of the ungauged action which is invariant under a rigid SL (8,R) symmetry and promoted a 28-dimensional subgroup (SO(8), SO(p, 8 - p) or the non-semi-simple contraction CSO(p, q, 8 - p - q)) to a local gauge group. Here, a dual form of the ungauged action is used which is invariant under SU*(8) instead of SL (8,R) and new theories are obtained by gauging 28-dimensional subgroups of SU*(8). The gauge groups are non-semi-simple and are different real forms of the CSO(2p, 8 - 2p) groups, denoted as CSO*(2p, 8 - 2p), and the new theories have a rigid SU(2) symmetry. The five-dimensional gauged N = 8 supergravities are dimensionally reduced to D = 4. The D = 5, SO(p, 6 - p) gauge theories reduce, after a duality transformation, to the D = 4, CSO(p, 6 - p, 2) gauging while the SO*(6) gauge theory reduces to the D = 4, CSO*(6, 2) gauge theory. The new theories are related to the old ones via an analytic continuation. The non-semi-simple gaugings can be dualized to forms with different gauge groups

  15. Vacua of maximal gauged D=3 supergravities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fischbacher, T; Nicolai, H; Samtleben, H

    2002-01-01

    We analyse the scalar potentials of maximal gauged three-dimensional supergravities which reveal a surprisingly rich structure. In contrast to maximal supergravities in dimensions D≥4, all these theories possess a maximally supersymmetric (N=16) ground state with negative cosmological constant Λ 2 gauged theory, whose maximally supersymmetric groundstate has Λ = 0. We compute the mass spectra of bosonic and fermionic fluctuations around these vacua and identify the unitary irreducible representations of the relevant background (super)isometry groups to which they belong. In addition, we find several stationary points which are not maximally supersymmetric, and determine their complete mass spectra as well. In particular, we show that there are analogues of all stationary points found in higher dimensions, among them are de Sitter (dS) vacua in the theories with noncompact gauge groups SO(5, 3) 2 and SO(4, 4) 2 , as well as anti-de Sitter (AdS) vacua in the compact gauged theory preserving 1/4 and 1/8 of the supersymmetries. All the dS vacua have tachyonic instabilities, whereas there do exist nonsupersymmetric AdS vacua which are stable, again in contrast to the D≥4 theories

  16. The goldstino brane, the constrained superfields and matter in N=1 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bandos, Igor; Heller, Markus; Kuzenko, Sergei M.; Martucci, Luca; Sorokin, Dmitri

    2016-01-01

    We show that different (brane and constrained superfield) descriptions for the Volkov-Akulov goldstino coupled to N=1, D=4 supergravity with matter produce similar wide classes of models with spontaneously broken local supersymmetry and discuss the relation between the different formulations. As with the formulations with irreducible constrained superfields, the geometric goldstino brane approach has the advantage of being manifestly off-shell supersymmetric without the need to introduce auxiliary fields. It provides an explicit solution of the nilpotent superfield constraints and avoids issues with non-Gaussian integration of auxiliary fields. We describe general couplings of the supersymmetry breaking sector, including the goldstino and other non-supersymmetric matter, to supergravity and matter supermultiplets. Among various examples, we discuss a goldstino brane contribution to the gravitino mass term and the supersymmetrization of the anti-D3-brane contribution to the effective theory of type IIB warped flux compactifications.

  17. Dualities in D=5, N=2 supergravity, black hole entropy, and AdS central charges

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klemm, D.

    2001-01-01

    The issue of microstate counting for general black holes in D=5, N=2 supergravity coupled to vector multiplets is discussed from various viewpoints. The statistical entropy is computed for the near-extremal case by using the central charge appearing in the asymptotic symmetry algebra of AdS 2 . Furthermore, we show that the considered supergravity theory enjoys a duality invariance which connects electrically charged black holes and magnetically charged black strings. The near-horizon geometry of the latter turns out to be AdS 3 x S 2 , which allows a microscopic calculation of their entropy using the Brown-Hennaux central charges in Cardy's formula. In both approaches we find perfect agreement between statistical and thermodynamical entropy. (orig.)

  18. Strong coupling effects in non-commutative spaces from OM theory and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Russo, J.G.; Sheikh-Jabbari, M.M.

    2000-11-01

    We show that a four-parameter class of 3+1 dimensional NCOS theories can be obtained by dimensional reduction on a general 2-torus from OM theory. Compactifying two spatial directions of NCOS theory on a 2-torus, we study the transformation properties under the SO(2,2; Z) T-duality group. We then discuss non-perturbative configurations of non-commutative super Yang-Mills theory. In particular, we calculate the tension for magnetic monopoles and (p,q) dyons and exhibit their six-dimensional origin, and construct a supergravity solution representing an instanton in the gauge theory. We also compute the potential for a monopole-antimonopole in the supergravity approximation. (author)

  19. The goldstino brane, the constrained superfields and matter in N=1 supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bandos, Igor [Department of Theoretical Physics, University of the Basque Country UPV/EHU,P.O. Box 644, 48080 Bilbao (Spain); IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science,48011, Bilbao (Spain); Heller, Markus [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei' , Università degli Studi di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Institut für Theoretische Physik, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität,Philosophenweg 19, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Kuzenko, Sergei M. [School of Physics M013, The University of Western Australia35 Stirling Highway, Crawley W.A. 6009 (Australia); Martucci, Luca [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei' , Università degli Studi di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); INFN - Sezione di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Sorokin, Dmitri [INFN - Sezione di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “Galileo Galilei' , Università degli Studi di Padova,Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)

    2016-11-21

    We show that different (brane and constrained superfield) descriptions for the Volkov-Akulov goldstino coupled to N=1, D=4 supergravity with matter produce similar wide classes of models with spontaneously broken local supersymmetry and discuss the relation between the different formulations. As with the formulations with irreducible constrained superfields, the geometric goldstino brane approach has the advantage of being manifestly off-shell supersymmetric without the need to introduce auxiliary fields. It provides an explicit solution of the nilpotent superfield constraints and avoids issues with non-Gaussian integration of auxiliary fields. We describe general couplings of the supersymmetry breaking sector, including the goldstino and other non-supersymmetric matter, to supergravity and matter supermultiplets. Among various examples, we discuss a goldstino brane contribution to the gravitino mass term and the supersymmetrization of the anti-D3-brane contribution to the effective theory of type IIB warped flux compactifications.

  20. Non-supersymmetric membrane flows from fake supergravity and multi-trace deformations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Papadimitriou, I.; Hamburg Univ.

    2006-06-01

    We use fake supergravity as a solution generating technique to obtain a continuum of non-supersymmetric asymptotically AdS 4 x S 7 domain wall solutions of eleven-dimensional supergravity with non-trivial scalars in the SL(8,R)/SO(8) coset. These solutions are continuously connected to the supersymmetric domain walls describing a uniform sector of the Coulomb branch of the M2-brane theory. We also provide a general argument that identifies the fake superpotential with the exact large-N quantum effective potential of the dual theory, thus arriving at a very general description of multi-trace deformations in the AdS/CFT correspondence, which strongly motivates further study of fake supergravity as a solution generating method. This identification allows us to interpret our non-supersymmetric solutions as a family of marginal triple-trace deformations of the Coulomb branch that completely break supersymmetry and to calculate the exact large-N anomalous dimensions of the operators involved. The holographic one- and two-point functions for these solutions are also computed. (Orig.)

  1. Non-supersymmetric membrane flows from fake supergravity and multi-trace deformations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Papadimitriou, I. [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)]|[Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Zentrum fuer Mathematische Physik

    2006-06-15

    We use fake supergravity as a solution generating technique to obtain a continuum of non-supersymmetric asymptotically AdS{sub 4} x S{sup 7} domain wall solutions of eleven-dimensional supergravity with non-trivial scalars in the SL(8,R)/SO(8) coset. These solutions are continuously connected to the supersymmetric domain walls describing a uniform sector of the Coulomb branch of the M2-brane theory. We also provide a general argument that identifies the fake superpotential with the exact large-N quantum effective potential of the dual theory, thus arriving at a very general description of multi-trace deformations in the AdS/CFT correspondence, which strongly motivates further study of fake supergravity as a solution generating method. This identification allows us to interpret our non-supersymmetric solutions as a family of marginal triple-trace deformations of the Coulomb branch that completely break supersymmetry and to calculate the exact large-N anomalous dimensions of the operators involved. The holographic one- and two-point functions for these solutions are also computed. (Orig.)

  2. Black string first order flow in N=2, d=5 abelian gauged supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klemm, Dietmar; Petri, Nicolò; Rabbiosi, Marco [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Milano andINFN, Sezione di Milano, Via Celoria 16, I-20133 Milano (Italy)

    2017-01-25

    We derive both BPS and non-BPS first-order flow equations for magnetically charged black strings in five-dimensional N=2 abelian gauged supergravity, using the Hamilton-Jacobi formalism. This is first done for the coupling to vector multiplets only and U(1) Fayet-Iliopoulos (FI) gauging, and then generalized to the case where also hypermultiplets are present, and abelian symmetries of the quaternionic hyperscalar target space are gauged. We then use these results to derive the attractor equations for near-horizon geometries of extremal black strings, and solve them explicitely for the case where the constants appearing in the Chern-Simons term of the supergravity action satisfy an adjoint identity. This allows to compute in generality the central charge of the two-dimensional conformal field theory that describes the black strings in the infrared, in terms of the magnetic charges, the CY intersection numbers and the FI constants. Finally, we extend the r-map to gauged supergravity and use it to relate our flow equations to those in four dimensions.

  3. Some applications of the most general form of the higher-order GUP with minimal length uncertainty and maximal momentum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shababi, Homa; Chung, Won Sang

    2018-04-01

    In this paper, using the new type of D-dimensional nonperturbative Generalized Uncertainty Principle (GUP) which has predicted both a minimal length uncertainty and a maximal observable momentum,1 first, we obtain the maximally localized states and express their connections to [P. Pedram, Phys. Lett. B 714, 317 (2012)]. Then, in the context of our proposed GUP and using the generalized Schrödinger equation, we solve some important problems including particle in a box and one-dimensional hydrogen atom. Next, implying modified Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization, we obtain energy spectra of quantum harmonic oscillator and quantum bouncer. Finally, as an example, we investigate some statistical properties of a free particle, including partition function and internal energy, in the presence of the mentioned GUP.

  4. S-matrix for the theories that admit closure of the algebra with the aid of auxiliary fields. Auxiliary fields in supergravity. [Word identities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fradkin, E S; Vasiliev, M A [AN SSSR, Moscow. Fizicheskij Inst.

    1978-08-19

    A minimal set of auxiliary fields (scalarpseudoscalar and pseudovector) providing the closed algebra in supergravity is constructed. A compact scheme for the generating functional with closed gauge algebra is proposed. The S-matrix and the Ward identities for arbitrary theory that admits the closing of the algebra by introducing auxiliary fields is obtained.

  5. Towards a worldsheet description of N=8 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lipstein, Arthur; Schomerus, Volker

    2015-10-01

    In this note we address the worldsheet description of 4-dimensional N=8 supergravity using ambitwistors. After gauging an appropriate current algebra, we argue that the only physical vertex operators correspond to the N=8 supermultiplet. It has previously been shown that worldsheet correlators give rise to supergravity tree level scattering amplitudes. We extend this work by proposing a definition for genus-one amplitudes that passes several consistency checks such as exhibiting modular invariance and reproducing the expected infrared behavior of 1-loop supergravity amplitudes.

  6. Non-renormalisation conditions in type II string theory and maximal supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Green, Michael B.; Russo, Jorge G.; Vanhove, Pierre

    2007-01-01

    This paper considers general features of the derivative expansion of Feynman diagram contributions to the four-graviton scattering amplitude in eleven-dimensional supergravity compactified on a two-torus. These are translated into statements about interactions of the form D 2k R 4 in type II superstring theories, assuming the standard M-theory/string theory duality relationships, which provide powerful constraints on the effective interactions. In the ten-dimensional IIA limit we find that there can be no perturbative contributions beyond k string loops (for k>0). Furthermore, the genus h = k contributions are determined exactly by the one-loop eleven-dimensional supergravity amplitude for all values of k. A plausible interpretation of these observations is that the sum of h-loop Feynman diagrams of maximally extended supergravity is less divergent than might be expected and could be ultraviolet finite in dimensions d<4+6/h - the same bound as for N = 4 Yang-Mills

  7. Non-renormalisation conditions in type II string theory and maximal supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Michael B.; Russo, Jorge G.; Vanhove, Pierre

    2007-02-01

    This paper considers general features of the derivative expansion of Feynman diagram contributions to the four-graviton scattering amplitude in eleven-dimensional supergravity compactified on a two-torus. These are translated into statements about interactions of the form D2kR4 in type II superstring theories, assuming the standard M-theory/string theory duality relationships, which provide powerful constraints on the effective interactions. In the ten-dimensional IIA limit we find that there can be no perturbative contributions beyond k string loops (for k>0). Furthermore, the genus h = k contributions are determined exactly by the one-loop eleven-dimensional supergravity amplitude for all values of k. A plausible interpretation of these observations is that the sum of h-loop Feynman diagrams of maximally extended supergravity is less divergent than might be expected and could be ultraviolet finite in dimensions d<4+6/h - the same bound as for N = 4 Yang-Mills.

  8. Stable de Sitter vacua in four-dimensional supergravity originating from five dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oegetbil, O.

    2008-01-01

    The five-dimensional stable de Sitter ground states in N=2 supergravity obtained by gauging SO(1,1) symmetry of the real symmetric scalar manifold (in particular, a generic Jordan family manifold of the vector multiplets) simultaneously with a subgroup R s of the R-symmetry group descend to four-dimensional de Sitter ground states under certain conditions. First, the holomorphic section in four dimensions has to be chosen carefully by using the symplectic freedom in four dimensions; second, a group contraction is necessary to bring the potential into a desired form. Under these conditions, stable de Sitter vacua can be obtained in dimensionally reduced theories (from 5D to 4D) if the semidirect product of SO(1,1) with R (1,1) together with a simultaneous R s is gauged. We review the stable de Sitter vacua in four dimensions found in earlier literature for N=2 Yang-Mills Einstein supergravity with the SO(2,1)xR s gauge group in a symplectic basis that comes naturally after dimensional reduction. Although this particular gauge group does not descend directly from five dimensions, we show that its contraction does. Hence, two different theories overlap in certain limits. Examples of stable de Sitter vacua are given for the cases: (i) R s =U(1) R , (ii) R s =SU(2) R , and (iii) N=2 Yang-Mills/Einstein supergravity theory coupled to a universal hypermultiplet. We conclude with a discussion regarding the extension of our results to supergravity theories with more general homogeneous scalar manifolds.

  9. New set of auxiliary fields for supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oliveira Rivelles, V. de.

    1983-02-01

    A brief introduction on supersymmetry is given. The problems with the obtainment of the auxiliary fields in supergravity theories are discussed, after a short presentation of the supersymmetry algebra representations. (L.C.) [pt

  10. Tensor calculus for the vector multiplet coupled to supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stelle, K.S.

    1978-01-01

    An invariant coupling of a local vector multiplet to supergravity is constructed in analogy with the D term invariant of global supersymmetry. The rules for combining local vector and chiral scalar multiplets of opposite chirality are given. (Auth.)

  11. N=2 supergravity in superspace and the BRS symmetry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kachkachi, M.; Lhallabi, T.

    1989-07-01

    The quantum N = 2 Einstein supergravity action is constructed by requiring the BRS symmetry. This latter is derived by the use of the distorted horizontality conditions in the curved N = 2 harmonic superspace. (author). 16 refs

  12. New compactifications in seven and eleven dimensional supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pernici, M.; Sezgin, E.

    1984-08-01

    It is found that the N=4 gauged supergravity in d=7 spontaneously compactifies on direct product of anti-deSitter space (AdS) with a 3-sphere (non-supersymmetric: N=0), or with 3-hyperboloid (N=2). Similarly the N=2 gauged supergravity in d=7 compactifies on AdSxH 3 (N=1). The possibility of σ-model induced compactification of ungauged d=7 N=2 supergravity coupled to one vector multiplet on (Minkowski) 4 x Tear Drop x S 1 is discussed. The case of d=11 supergravity is also studied, and two new compactifications are found: AdS x non-Einstein squashed S 7 (n=0) and AdS x non-Einstein SU(2) bundle over CP 2 (N=0). (author)

  13. Sneutrino driven GUT inflation in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gonzalo, Tomás E.; Heurtier, Lucien; Moursy, Ahmad

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, we embed the model of flipped GUT sneutrino inflation — in a flipped SU(5) or SO(10) set up — developed by Ellis et al. in a supergravity framework. The GUT symmetry is broken by a waterfall which could happen at early or late stage of the inflationary period. The full field dynamics is thus studied in detail and these two main inflationary configurations are exposed, whose cosmological predictions are both in agreement with recent astrophysical measurements. The model has an interesting feature where the inflaton has natural decay channels to the MSSM particles allowed by the GUT gauge symmetry. Hence it can account for the reheating after the inflationary epoch.

  14. Sneutrino driven GUT inflation in supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalo, Tomás E.; Heurtier, Lucien; Moursy, Ahmad

    2017-06-01

    In this paper, we embed the model of flipped GUT sneutrino inflation — in a flipped SU(5) or SO(10) set up — developed by Ellis et al. in a supergravity framework. The GUT symmetry is broken by a waterfall which could happen at early or late stage of the inflationary period. The full field dynamics is thus studied in detail and these two main inflationary configurations are exposed, whose cosmological predictions are both in agreement with recent astrophysical measurements. The model has an interesting feature where the inflaton has natural decay channels to the MSSM particles allowed by the GUT gauge symmetry. Hence it can account for the reheating after the inflationary epoch.

  15. Standard model fermions and N=8 supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nicolai, Hermann [Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute), Am Muehlenberg 1, Potsdam-Golm (Germany)

    2016-07-01

    In a scheme originally proposed by Gell-Mann, and subsequently shown to be realized at the SU(3) x U(1) stationary point of maximal gauged SO(8) supergravity, the 48 spin-1/2 fermions of the theory remaining after the removal of eight Goldstinos can be identified with the 48 quarks and leptons (including right-chiral neutrinos) of the Standard model, provided one identifies the residual SU(3) with the diagonal subgroup of the color group SU(3){sub c} and a family symmetry SU(3){sub f}. However, there remained a systematic mismatch in the electric charges by a spurion charge of ± 1/6. We here identify the ''missing'' U(1) that rectifies this mismatch, and that takes a surprisingly simple, though unexpected form, and show how it is related to the conjectured R symmetry K(E10) of M Theory.

  16. Gauged N=8 supergravity in five dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guenaydin, M.; Romans, L.J.; Warner, N.P.

    1985-01-01

    We construct gauged N=8 supergravity theories in five dimensions. Instead of the twenty-seven vector fields of the ungauged theory, the gauged theories contain fifteen vector fields and twelve second-rank antisymmetric tensor fields satisfying self-dual field equations. The fifteen vector fields can be used to gauge any of the fifteen-dimensional semisimple subgroups of SL(6, R), sepcifically SO(p, 6-p) for p=0, 1, 2, 3. The gauged theories also have a physical global SU(1,1) symmetry which survives from the Esub(6(6)) symmetry of the ungauged theory. This SU(1, 1) for the SO(6) gauging is presumably related to that of the chiral N=2 theory in ten dimensions. In our formalism we maintain a composite local USp(8) symmetry analogous to SU(8) in four dimensions. (orig.)

  17. (Super-)Gravities of a different sort

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Edelstein, Jose D; Zanelli, Jorge

    2006-01-01

    We review the often forgotten fact that gravitation theories invariant under local de Sitter, anti-de Sitter or Poincare transformations can be constructed in all odd dimensions. These theories belong to the Chern-Simons family and are particular cases of the so-called Lovelock gravities, constructed as the dimensional continuations of the lower dimensional Euler classes. The supersymmetric extensions of these theories exist for the AdS and Poincare groups, and the fields are components of a single connection for the corresponding Lie algebras. In 11 dimensions these supersymmetric theories are gauge theories for the osp(1/32) and the M algebra, respectively. The relation between these new supergravities and the standard theories, as well as some of their dynamical features are also discussed

  18. Quantum creation of the universe in N = 8 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goncharov, Yu.P.; Bytsenko, A.A.

    1988-01-01

    We discuss the possibility of quantum creation of an inflationary universe filled with the fields of maximal extended N = 8 supergravity. If the created universe has spatial topology (S 1 ) 3 and after the creation Starobinskii's inflationary scenario through the topological Casimir effect in N = 8 supergravity is realized, the probability of creation of such a universe can be estimated in the semiclassical approximation. The estimate shows that the creation of a universe with a more isotropic topology is more probable

  19. The structure of N = 2 supergravity in N = 1 superfields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Awada, M.A.; Mokhtari, S.

    1985-01-01

    A formulation of N = 2 supergravity in N = 1 superspace is presented. The authors solve up to all orders the N = 2 supergravity constraints in terms of unconstrained N = 1 superfields. The structure of the N = 2 action in N = 1 superspace is examined. The proposed action coincides in the quadratic limit of the spin (3/2,1) matter fields with the action given by previous workers. (author)

  20. Structure of N = 2 supergravity in N = 1 superfields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Awada, M.A.; Mokhtari, S. (Imperial Coll. of Science and Technology, London (UK). Blackett Lab.)

    1985-01-01

    A formulation of N = 2 supergravity in N = 1 superspace is presented. The authors solve up to all orders the N = 2 supergravity constraints in terms of unconstrained N = 1 superfields. The structure of the N = 2 action in N = 1 superspace is examined. The proposed action coincides in the quadratic limit of the spin (3/2,1) matter fields with the action given by previous workers.

  1. Off shell N=1 supergravity theory in six dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, A.W.

    1983-01-01

    The off shell N=1 supergravity theory in six dimensions shows beneath the extreme simplicity of theories in higher dimensions useful properties for the study of a unification of normal gauge theories with the supergravity theory via dimensional reduction and yields a geometrical interpretation for the quantum numbers of internal symmtries of the reduced theory. Furthermore this theory permits a better understanding of ultraviolet divergences than a theory in four dimensions. This six-dimensional supergravity theory is constructed here in the corresponding superspace the importance of which was clained otherwise because a precisely defined mathematical formalism for this exists: Differential geometry in the superspace. We establish constraining conditions for the torsion components and give a complete solution of the Bianchi identities. In the formulation of the conditions for the torsions exists a certain freedom, because different conditions lead to the same solution. Therefore only the analysis of the Bianchi identities will show wether the conditions are too restrictive or not. Furthermore the dimensional reduction of D=6 to the four-dimensional space-time is performed. We show here that the reduced theory yields the conformal N=2 supergravity theory. In the last part of this thesis a Langrangian is presented by which the supergravity is coupled to a matter multiplet. In the analysis of the supersymmetry transformations of the component fields we see that the matter multiplet cannot be consistently brought to vanish. That means that a pure supergravity theory cannot be written manifestly Lorentz covariant. (orig.) [de

  2. A national review of the frequency of minimally invasive surgery among general surgery residents: assessment of ACGME case logs during 2 decades of general surgery resident training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Morgan K; McAteer, Jarod P; Drake, F Thurston; Goldin, Adam B; Khandelwal, Saurabh; Gow, Kenneth W

    2015-02-01

    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) has created a shift in how many surgical diseases are treated. Examining the effect on resident operative experience provides valuable insight into trends that may be useful for restructuring the requirements of resident training. To evaluate changes in general surgery resident operative experience regarding MIS. Retrospective review of the frequency of MIS relative to open operations among general surgery residents using the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education case logs for academic years 1993-1994 through 2011-2012. General surgery residency training among accredited programs in the United States. We analyzed the difference in the mean number of MIS techniques and corresponding open procedures across training periods using 2-tailed t tests with statistical significance set at P surgery has an increasingly prominent role in contemporary surgical therapy for many common diseases. The open approach, however, still predominates in all but 5 procedures. Residents today must become efficient at performing multiple techniques for a single procedure, which demands a broader skill set than in the past.

  3. Constraints on modular inflation in supergravity and string theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Covi, L.; Palma, G.A.; Gomez-Reino, M.; Gross, C.; Louis, J.; Hamburg Univ.; Scrucca, C.A.

    2008-05-01

    We perform a general algebraic analysis on the possibility of realising slow-roll inflation in the moduli sector of string models. This problem turns out to be very closely related to the characterisation of models admitting metastable vacua with non-negative cosmological constant. In fact, we show that the condition for the existence of viable inflationary trajectories is a deformation of the condition for the existence of metastable de Sitter vacua. This condition depends on the ratio between the scale of inflation and the gravitino mass and becomes stronger as this parameter grows. After performing a general study within arbitrary supergravity models, we analyse the implications of our results in several examples. More concretely, in the case of heterotic and orientifold string compactifications on a Calabi-Yau in the large volume limit we show that there may exist fully viable models, allowing both for inflation and stabilisation. Additionally, we show that subleading corrections breaking the no-scale property shared by these models always allow for slow-roll inflation but with an inflationary scale suppressed with respect to the gravitino scale. A scale of inflation larger than the gravitino scale can also be achieved under more restrictive circumstances and only for certain types of compactifications. (orig.)

  4. A complete solution of the Bianchi identities in superspace with supergravity constraints

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grimm, R.; Wess, J.; Zumino, B.

    1979-01-01

    A short discussion of the superspace formulation of supergravity is given and the Bianchi identities are derived. The supergravity constraints are imposed and the identities are solved in terms of superfields and their covariant derivatives. (Auth.)

  5. Towards loop quantum supergravity (LQSG): I. Rarita–Schwinger sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bodendorfer, N; Thiemann, T; Thurn, A

    2013-01-01

    In our companion papers, we managed to derive a connection formulation of Lorentzian general relativity in D + 1 dimensions with compact gauge group SO(D + 1) such that the connection is Poisson-commuting, which implies that loop quantum gravity quantization methods apply. We also provided the coupling to standard matter. In this paper, we extend our methods to derive a connection formulation of a large class of Lorentzian signature supergravity theories, in particular 11 D SUGRA and 4 D, N = 8 SUGRA, which was in fact the motivation to consider higher dimensions. Starting from a Hamiltonian formulation in the time gauge which yields a Spin(D) theory, a major challenge is to extend the internal gauge group to Spin(D + 1) in the presence of the Rarita–Schwinger field. This is non-trivial because SUSY typically requires the Rarita–Schwinger field to be a Majorana fermion for the Lorentzian Clifford algebra and Majorana representations of the Clifford algebra are not available in the same spacetime dimension for both Lorentzian and Euclidean signatures. We resolve the arising tension and provide a background-independent representation of the non-trivial Dirac antibracket *-algebra for the Majorana field which significantly differs from the analogous construction for Dirac fields already available in the literature. (paper)

  6. Non-geometric five-branes in heterotic supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sasaki, Shin; Yata, Masaya [Department of Physics, Kitasato University,Sagamihara 252-0373 (Japan); Department of Physics, National University of Singapore,2, Science Drive 3, Singapore 117542 (Singapore)

    2016-11-10

    We study T-duality chains of five-branes in heterotic supergravity where the first order α{sup ′}-corrections are present. By performing the α{sup ′}-corrected T-duality transformations of the heterotic NS5-brane solutions, we obtain the KK5-brane and the exotic 5{sub 2}{sup 2}-brane solutions associated with the symmetric, the neutral and the gauge NS5-branes. We find that the Yang-Mills gauge field in these solutions satisfies the self-duality condition in the three- and two-dimensional transverse spaces to the brane world-volumes. The O(2,2) monodromy structures of the 5{sub 2}{sup 2}-brane solutions are investigated by the α{sup ′}-corrected generalized metric. Our analysis shows that the symmetric 5{sub 2}{sup 2}-brane solution, which satisfies the standard embedding condition, is a T-fold and it exhibits the non-geometric nature. We also find that the neutral 5{sub 2}{sup 2}-brane solution is a T-fold at least at O(α{sup ′}). On the other hand, the gauge 5{sub 2}{sup 2}-brane solution is not a T-fold but show unusual structures of space-time.

  7. Higher-Derivative Supergravity and Moduli Stabilization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ciupke, David; Westphal, Alexander; Louis, Jan; Hamburg Univ.

    2015-05-01

    We review the ghost-free four-derivative terms for chiral superfields in N=1 supersymmetry and supergravity. These terms induce cubic polynomial equations of motion for the chiral auxiliary fields and correct the scalar potential. We discuss the different solutions and argue that only one of them is consistent with the principles of effective field theory. Special attention is paid to the corrections along flat directions which can be stabilized or destabilized by the higher-derivative terms. We then compute these higher-derivative terms explicitly for the type IIB string compactified on a Calabi-Yau orientifold with fluxes via Kaluza-Klein reducing the (α') 3 R 4 corrections in ten dimensions for the respective N=1 Kaehler moduli sector. We prove that together with flux and the known (α') 3 -corrections the higher-derivative term stabilizes all Calabi-Yau manifolds with positive Euler number, provided the sign of the new correction is negative.

  8. Supersymmetry, superfields and supergravity: An introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Srivastava, P.P.

    1986-01-01

    This book is a self-contained introduction to the subject of supersymmetry. The algebras of supersymmetry and the R-symmetry generators are explained using a simple field theory model. The realisations of this algebra on one-particle states and on a supermultiplet of component fields are then discussed. There is a detailed description of the Wess-Zumino model, with discussion of the realisation of R-symmetry and supermultiplets of currents and anomalies. Detailed treatment of the realisation of the algebra on superspace and superfields is applied to the Yang-Mills theory in interaction with matter. The possibility of spontaneously broken symmetries is introduced before non-Abelian supersymmetric gauge theories are constructed. Superfield propagators are derived as the Green functions of the corresponding equations of motion and the power of superfield perturbation theory is illustrated. Finally local supersymmetry and the supergravity Lagrangian are introduced with a discussion of gravity-induced supersymmetry breaking and the super-Higgs effect. Emphasis is placed on developing a physical understanding of the mathematical formalism and numerous problems are included to help develop the reader's understanding

  9. Aspects of radiative electroweak breaking in supergravity models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kelley, S.; Lopez, J.L.; Nanopoulos, D.V.; Pois, H.; Yuan, K.

    1993-01-01

    We discuss several aspects of state-of-the-art calculations of radiative electroweak symmetry breaking in supergravity models. These models have a five-dimensional parameter space in contrast with the 21-dimensional one of the MSSM. We examine the Higgs one-loop effective potential V 1 =V 0 +ΔV, in particular how its renormalization-scale (Q) independence is affected by the approximation used to calculate ΔV and by the presence of a Higgs-field-independent term which makes V 1 (0)≠0. We show that the latter must be subtracted out to achieve Q-independence. We also discuss our own approach to the exploration of the five-dimensional parameter space and the fine-tuning constraints within this approach. We apply our methods to the determination of the allowed region in parameter space of two models which we argue to be the prototypes for conventional (SSM) and string (SISM) unified models. To this end we impose the electroweak breaking constraint by minimizing the one-loop effective potential and study the shifts in μ and B relative to the values obtained using the tree-level potential. These shifts are most significant for small values of μ and B, and induce corresponding shifts on the lightest μ- and/or B-dependent particle masses, i.e., those of the lightest stau, neutralino, chargino, and Higgs boson states. Finally, we discuss the predictions for the squark, slepton, and one-loop corrected Higgs boson masses. (orig.)

  10. Anomalies of hidden local chiral symmetries in sigma-models and extended supergravities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vecchia, P. di; Ferrara, S.; Girardello, L.

    1985-01-01

    Non-linear sigma-models with hidden gauge symmetries are anomalous, at the quantum level, when coupled to chiral fermions in not anomaly free representations of the hidden chiral symmetry. These considerations generally apply to supersymmetric kaehlerian sigma-models on coset spaces with hidden chiral symmetries as well as to extended supergravities in four dimensions with local SU(N) symmetry. The presence of the anomaly implies that the scenario of dynamical generation of gauge vector bosons has to be reconsidered in these theories. (orig.)

  11. Starobinsky-type Inflation in Dynamical Supergravity Breaking Scenarios

    CERN Document Server

    Alexandre, Jean; Mavromatos, Nick E.

    2014-01-27

    In the context of dynamical breaking of local supersymmetry (supergravity), including the Deser-Zumino super-Higgs effect, for the simple but quite representative cases of N=1, D=4 supergravity, we discuss the emergence of Starobinsky-type inflation, due to quantum corrections in the effective action arising from integrating out gravitino fields in their massive phase. This type of inflation may occur after a first-stage small-field inflation that characterises models near the origin of the one-loop effective potential, and it may occur at the non-trivial minima of the latter. Phenomenologically realistic scenarios, compatible with the Planck data, may be expected for the conformal supergravity variants of the basic model.

  12. Invariant Killing spinors in 11D and type II supergravities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gran, U; Gutowski, J; Papadopoulos, G

    2009-01-01

    We present all isotropy groups and associated Σ groups, up to discrete identifications of the component connected to the identity, of spinors of 11-dimensional and type II supergravities. The Σ groups are products of a Spin group and an R-symmetry group of a suitable lower dimensional supergravity theory. Using the case of SU(4)-invariant spinors as a paradigm, we demonstrate that the Σ groups, and so the R-symmetry groups of lower dimensional supergravity theories arising from compactifications, have disconnected components. These lead us to discrete symmetry groups reminiscent of R-parity. We examine the role of disconnected components of the Σ groups in the choice of Killing spinor representatives and in the context of compactifications.

  13. Absence of U(1) anomalous superamplitudes in N≥5 supergravities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freedman, Daniel Z. [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics and Department of Physics, Stanford University,Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Center for Theoretical Physics and Department of Mathematics,Massachusetts Institute of Technology,Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Kallosh, Renata; Murli, Divyanshu [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics and Department of Physics, Stanford University,Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Proeyen, Antoine Van [KU Leuven, Institute for Theoretical Physics,Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001, Leuven (Belgium); Yamada, Yusuke [Stanford Institute for Theoretical Physics and Department of Physics, Stanford University,Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

    2017-05-12

    We list all potential candidates for U(1) anomalous non-local 1-loop 4-point amplitudes and higher loop UV divergences in N≥5 supergravities. The relevant chiral superinvariants are constructed from linearized chiral superfields and define the corresponding superamplitudes. The anomalous amplitudes, of the kind present in N=4, are shown to be absent in N≥5. In N=6 supergravity the result is deduced from the double-copy (N=4){sub YM}×(N=2){sub YM} model, whereas in N=5,8 the result on absence of anomalous amplitudes is derived in supergravities as well as in the (N=4){sub YM}×(N−4){sub YM} double-copy models.

  14. An N=2 gauge theory and its supergravity dual

    CERN Document Server

    Brandhuber, A

    2000-01-01

    We study flows on the scalar manifold of N=8 gauged supergravity in five dimensions which are dual to certain mass deformations of N=4 super Yang-Mill theory. In particular, we consider a perturbation of the gauge theory by a mass term for the adjoint hyper-multiplet, giving rise to an N=2 theory. The exact solution of the 5-dim gauged supergravity equations of motion is found and the metric is uplifted to a ten-dimensional background of type-IIB supergravity. Using these geometric data and the AdS/CFT correspondence we analyze the spectra of certain operators as well as Wilson loops on the dual gauge theory side. The physical flows are parametrized by a single non-positive constant and describe part of the Coulomb branch of the N=2 theory at strong coupling.

  15. The component structure of conformal supergravity invariants in six dimensions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butter, Daniel [Nikhef Theory Group,Science Park 105, 1098 XG Amsterdam (Netherlands); George and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy,Texas A& M University,College Station, TX 77843 (United States); Novak, Joseph [Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, Am Mühlenberg 1, D-14476 Golm (Germany); Tartaglino-Mazzucchelli, Gabriele [Instituut voor Theoretische Fysica, KU Leuven,Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium)

    2017-05-24

    In the recent paper https://arxiv.org/abs/1606.02921, the two invariant actions for 6D N=(1,0) conformal supergravity were constructed in superspace, corresponding to the supersymmetrization of C{sup 3} and C◻C. In this paper, we provide the translation from superspace to the component formulation of superconformal tensor calculus, and we give the full component actions of these two invariants. As a second application, we build the component form for the supersymmetric F◻F action coupled to conformal supergravity. Exploiting the fact that the N=(2,0) Weyl multiplet has a consistent truncation to N=(1,0), we then verify that there is indeed only a single N=(2,0) conformal supergravity invariant and reconstruct most of its bosonic terms by uplifting a certain linear combination of N=(1,0) invariants.

  16. On moduli spaces in AdS{sub 4} supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alwis, Senarath de [Colorado Univ., Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Physics; Louis, Jan [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Fachbereich 12 - Physik; Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Zentrum fuer Mathematische Physik; McAllister, Liam [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics; Triendl, Hagen [CERN, Geneva (Switzerland). Theory Division, Physics Dept.; Westphal, Alexander [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany). Gruppe Theorie

    2013-12-15

    We study the structure of the supersymmetric moduli spaces of N=1 and N=2 supergravity theories in AdS{sub 4} backgrounds. In the N=1 case, the moduli space cannot be a complex submanifold of the Kaehler field space, but is instead real with respect to the inherited complex structure. In N=2 supergravity the same result holds for the vector multiplet moduli space, while the hypermultiplet moduli space is a Kaehler submanifold of the quaternionic-Kaehler field space. These findings are in agreement with AdS/CFT considerations.

  17. Differential and integral forms in supergauge theories and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zupnik, B.M.; Pak, D.G.

    1989-01-01

    D = 3, 4, N = 1 supergauge theories and D = 3, N = 1 supergravity are considered in the superfield formalism by using differential and integral forms. A special map of the space of differential forms into the space of integral forms is proposed. By means of this map we find the superfield Chern-Simons terms in D = 3, N = 1 Yang-Mills theory and supergravity. The integral forms corresponding to superfield invariants of D = 4, N = 1 supergauge theory have also been constructed. (Author)

  18. Representations of algebras of extended supersymmetry and linearised supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tejlor, Dzh.

    1985-01-01

    In the lecture an attempt is made to acquaint the reader with the theory of extended supersymmetry, to characterize the corresponding particle spectrum and to explain how it can be used in supersymmetry with the least difficulties. Superalgebras are classified, their irreducible representations are given. Superfields and superspace are introduced, their role in the superalgebra realization is analyzed. Examples of linearized Lagrangians and auxiliary fields for the theories of supergravity with N=1 and N=2 are presented. Methods of spin reduction with the central charges are considered. The possibility to construct supergravity model with N>=3 off mass shell is considered

  19. d=3 Chern-Simons action, supergravity and quantization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dayi, O.F.

    1989-01-01

    An interpretation of three-dimensional simple supergravity as a pure Chern-Simons gauge action is shown to be valid up to the one loop level. Canonical quantization of this system does not lead to an explicit definition of the physical Hilbert space. Hence another formulation of the N = 1 three-dimensional supergravity is introduced. In this formalism an explicit definition of the physical Hilbert space is possible, but still one has to solve the problems of showing that there exists a global set of coordinates and of defining the inner product. (author). 10 refs

  20. Effectiveness of a minimal intervention for stress-related mental disorders with sick leave (MISS): study protocol of a cluster randomised controlled trial in general practice [ISRCTN43779641

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, I.M.; Terluin, B.; van Marwijk, H.W.J.; Cundy, C.M.; Smit, J.H.; van Mechelen, W.; Stalman, W.A.B.

    2006-01-01

    Background: The main aims of this paper are to describe the setting and design of a Minimal Intervention in general practice for Stress-related mental disorders in patients on Sick leave (MISS), as well as to ascertain the study complies with the requirements for a cluster randomised controlled

  1. Correction: General optimization procedure towards the design of a new family of minimal parameter spin-component-scaled double-hybrid density functional theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roch, Loïc M; Baldridge, Kim K

    2018-02-07

    Correction for 'General optimization procedure towards the design of a new family of minimal parameter spin-component-scaled double-hybrid density functional theory' by Loïc M. Roch and Kim K. Baldridge, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2017, 19, 26191-26200.

  2. Classifying supersymmetric solutions in 3D maximal supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Boer, Jan; Mayerson, Daniel R.; Shigemori, Masaki

    2014-12-01

    String theory contains various extended objects. Among those, objects of codimension two (such as the D7-brane) are particularly interesting. Codimension-two objects carry non-Abelian charges which are elements of a discrete U-duality group and they may not admit a simple spacetime description, in which case they are known as exotic branes. A complete classification of consistent codimension-two objects in string theory is missing, even if we demand that they preserve some supersymmetry. As a step toward such a classification, we study the supersymmetric solutions of 3D maximal supergravity, which can be regarded as an approximate description of the geometry near codimension-two objects. We present a complete classification of the types of supersymmetric solutions that exist in this theory. We found that this problem reduces to that of classifying nilpotent orbits associated with the U-duality group, for which various mathematical results are known. We show that the only allowed supersymmetric configurations are 1/2, 1/4, 1/8, and 1/16 BPS, and determine the nilpotent orbits that they correspond to. One example of 1/16 BPS configurations is a generalization of the MSW system, where momentum runs along the intersection of seven M5-branes. On the other hand, it turns out exceedingly difficult to translate this classification into a simple criterion for supersymmetry in terms of the non-Abelian (monodromy) charges of the objects. For example, it can happen that a supersymmetric solution exists locally but cannot be extended all the way to the location of the object. To illustrate the various issues that arise in constructing supersymmetric solutions, we present a number of explicit examples.

  3. Half-supersymmetric solutions in five-dimensional supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gutowski, Jan B.; Sabra, Wafic

    2007-01-01

    We present a systematic classification of half-supersymmetric solutions of gauged N = 2, D = 5 supergravity coupled to an arbitrary number of abelian vector multiplets for which at least one of the Killing spinors generate a time-like Killing vector

  4. Helical Phase Inflation and Monodromy in Supergravity Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tianjun Li

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We study helical phase inflation which realizes “monodromy inflation” in supergravity theory. In the model, inflation is driven by the phase component of a complex field whose potential possesses helicoid structure. We construct phase monodromy based on explicitly breaking global U(1 symmetry in the superpotential. By integrating out heavy fields, the phase monodromy from single complex scalar field is realized and the model fulfills natural inflation. The phase-axion alignment is achieved from explicitly symmetry breaking and gives super-Planckian phase decay constant. The F-term scalar potential provides strong field stabilization for all the scalars except inflaton, which is protected by the approximate global U(1 symmetry. Besides, we show that helical phase inflation can be naturally realized in no-scale supergravity with SU(2,1/SU(2×U(1 symmetry since the supergravity setup needed for phase monodromy is automatically provided in the no-scale Kähler potential. We also demonstrate that helical phase inflation can be reduced to another well-known supergravity inflation model with shift symmetry. Helical phase inflation is free from the UV-sensitivity problem although there is super-Planckian field excursion, and it suggests that inflation can be effectively studied based on supersymmetric field theory while a UV-completed framework is not prerequisite.

  5. Well-posedness of (N = 1) classical supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bao, D.; Choquet-Bruhat, Y.; Isenberg, J.; Yasskin, P.B.

    1985-01-01

    In this paper we investigate whether classical (N = 1) supergravity has a well-posed locally causal Cauchy problem. We define well-posedness to mean that any choice of initial data (from an appropriate function space) which satisfies the supergravity constraint equations and a set of gauge conditions can be continuously developed into a space-time solution of the supergravity field equations around the initial surface. Local causality means that the domains of dependence of the evolution equations coincide with those determined by the light cones. We show that when the fields of classical supergravity are treated as formal objects, the field equations are (under certain gauge conditions) equivalent to a coupled system of quasilinear nondiagonal second-order partial differential equations which is formally nonstrictly hyperbolic (in the sense of Leray--Ohya). Hence, if the fields were numerical valued, there would be an applicable existence theorem leading to well-posedness. We shall observe that well-posedness is assured if the fields are taken to be Grassmann (i.e., exterior algebra) valued, for then the second-order system decouples into the vacuum Einstein equation and a sequence of numerical valued linear diagonal strictly hyperbolic partial differential equations which can be solved successively

  6. N=2 supergravity in superspace: the invariant action

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gal'perin, A.S.; Sokachev, E.

    1987-01-01

    This paper continues the formulation of harmonic superspace supergravity. We write down the invariant action for the first off-shell version of the theory. The proof of the invariance relies on the existence of a new 'hybrid' basis in harmonic superspace in which semi-chirality combined with analyticity are manifest

  7. Gauge fixing of Chern-Simons N-extended supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ney, W G [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Centro Federal de Educacao Tecnologica (CEFET), Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ (Brazil); Piguet, O [Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo (UFES), ES 29000-001, Vitoria (Brazil); Spalenza, W [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2004-08-01

    We treat N-extended supergravity in 2+1 space-time dimensions as a Yang-Mills gauge field with Chern-Simons action associated to the N-extended Poincare supergroup. We fix the gauge of this theory within the Batalin-Vilkovisky scheme. (orig.)

  8. Gauge fixing of Chern-Simons N-extended supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ney, W.G.; Piguet, O.; Spalenza, W.

    2004-01-01

    We treat N-extended supergravity in 2+1 space-time dimensions as a Yang-Mills gauge field with Chern-Simons action associated to the N-extended Poincare supergroup. We fix the gauge of this theory within the Batalin-Vilkovisky scheme. (orig.)

  9. The superspace-translation tensor and linearized N = 1 supergravities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bedding, S.P.; Lang, W.

    1982-01-01

    The recently proposed superspace-translation tensor is considered as the source of supergravities in the context of N = 1 supersymmetry. It is shown how the structure of this tensor leads to a complete evaluation of the linearized supervielbein in terms of unconstrained prepotentials with derived transformation laws. Connection with formulations using torsion constraints is made. (orig.)

  10. (2, 0) tensor multiplets and conformal supergravity in D = 6

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergshoeff, Eric; Sezgin, Ergin; Proeyen, Antoine Van

    1999-01-01

    We construct the supercurrent multiplet that contains the energy–momentum tensor of the (2, 0) tensor multiplet. By coupling this multiplet of currents to the fields of conformal supergravity, we first construct the linearized superconformal transformations rules of the (2, 0) Weyl multiplet.

  11. Which compactifications of D=11 supergravity are stable

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Page, D.N.; Pope, C.N.

    1984-01-01

    We complete the stability analysis of all known Freund-Rubin solutions of eleven-dimensional supergravity by determining the necessary and sufficient conditions for Qsup(pqr) spaces (U(1) bundles over S 2 xS 2 xS 2 ) to be stable. (orig.)

  12. Supergravity couplings to Noncommutative Branes, Open Wilson Lines and Generalised Star Products

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Das, S.R.; Trivedi, S.P.

    2001-01-01

    Noncommutative gauge theories can be constructed from ordinary U(∞) gauge theories in lower dimensions. Using this construction we identify the operators on noncommutative D-branes which couple to linearized supergravity backgrounds, from a knowledge of such couplings to lower dimensional D-branes with no B field. These operators belong to a class of gauge invariant observables involving open Wilson lines. Assuming a DBI form of the coupling we show, to second order in the gauge potential but to all orders of the noncommutativity parameter, that our proposal agrees with the operator obtained in terms of ordinary gauge fields by considering brane actions in backgrounds and then using the Seiberg-Witten map to rewrite this in terms of noncommutative gauge fields. Our result clarify why a certain commutative but non-associative 'generalized star product' appears both in the expansion of the open Wilson line, as well as in string amplitude computations of open string-closed string couplings. We outline how our procedure can be used to obtain operators in the noncommutative theory which are holographically dual to supergravity modes. (author)

  13. Unconstrained N=2 matter, Yang-Mills and supergravity theories in harmonic superspace

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Galperin, A.; Kalitzin, S.; Sokatchev, E.

    1984-04-01

    A new approach to N=2 supersymmetry based on the concept of harmonic superspace is proposed and is used to give an unconstrained superfield geometric description of N=2 super Yang-Mills and supergravity theories as well as of matter N=2 hypermultiplets. The harmonic N=2 superspace has as independent coordinates, in addition to the usual ones, the isospinor harmonics Usub(i)sup(+-) on the sphere SU(2)/U(1). The role of Usub(i)sup(+-) is to relate the SU(2) group realized on the component fields to a U(1) group acting on the relevant superfields. Their introduction makes it possible to SU(2)-covariantize the notion of Grassmann analyticity. Crucial for our construction is the existence of an analytic subspace of the general harmonic N=2 superspace. The hypermultiplet superfields and the true prepotentials (pre-prepotentials) of N=2 super Yang-Mills and supergravity are unconstrained superfunctions over this analytic subspace. The pre-prepotentials have a clear geometric interpretation as gauge connections with respect to the internal SU(2)/U(1)-directions. A radically new feature arises: the number of gauge and auxiliary degrees of freedom becomes infinite while the number of physical degrees of freedom remains finite. Other new results are the massive N=2 Yang-Mills theory and various off-shell self-interactions of hypermultiplets. The propagators for matter and Yang-Mills superfields are given. (author)

  14. Modified Dynamical Supergravity Breaking and Off-Diagonal Super-Higgs Effects

    CERN Document Server

    Gheorghiu, Tamara; Vacaru, Sergiu

    2015-01-01

    We argue that generic off-diagonal vacuum and nonvacuum solutions for Einstein manifolds mimic physical effects in modified gravity theories (MGTs) and encode certain models of $f(R,T,...)$, Ho\\vrava type with dynamical Lorentz symmetry breaking, induced effective mass for graviton etc. Our main goal is to investigate the dynamical breaking of local supersymmetry determined by off--diagonal solutions in MGTs encoded as effective Einstein spaces. This includes the Deser-Zumino super--Higgs effect, for instance, for an one--loop potential in a (simple but representative) model of $\\mathcal{N}=1, D=4$ supergravity. We develop and apply a new geometric techniques which allows us to decouple the gravitational field equations and integrate them in very general forms with metrics and vierbein fields depending on all spacetime coordinates via various generating and integration functions and parameters. We study how solutions in MGTs may be related to dynamical generation of a gravitino mass and supergravity breaking.

  15. Off-diagonal deformations of Kerr metrics and black ellipsoids in heterotic supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vacaru, Sergiu I. [Quantum Gravity Research, Topanga, CA (United States); University ' ' Al. I. Cuza' ' , Project IDEI, Iasi (Romania); Irwin, Klee [Quantum Gravity Research, Topanga, CA (United States)

    2017-01-15

    Geometric methods for constructing exact solutions of equations of motion with first order α{sup '} corrections to the heterotic supergravity action implying a nontrivial Yang-Mills sector and six-dimensional, 6-d, almost-Kaehler internal spaces are studied. In 10-d spacetimes, general parametrizations for generic off-diagonal metrics, nonlinear and linear connections, and matter sources, when the equations of motion decouple in very general forms are considered. This allows us to construct a variety of exact solutions when the coefficients of fundamental geometric/physical objects depend on all higher-dimensional spacetime coordinates via corresponding classes of generating and integration functions, generalized effective sources and integration constants. Such generalized solutions are determined by generic off-diagonal metrics and nonlinear and/or linear connections; in particular, as configurations which are warped/compactified to lower dimensions and for Levi-Civita connections. The corresponding metrics can have (non-) Killing and/or Lie algebra symmetries and/or describe (1+2)-d and/or (1+3)-d domain wall configurations, with possible warping nearly almost-Kaehler manifolds, with gravitational and gauge instantons for nonlinear vacuum configurations and effective polarizations of cosmological and interaction constants encoding string gravity effects. A series of examples of exact solutions describing generic off-diagonal supergravity modifications to black hole/ellipsoid and solitonic configurations are provided and analyzed. We prove that it is possible to reproduce the Kerr and other type black solutions in general relativity (with certain types of string corrections) in the 4-d case and to generalize the solutions to non-vacuum configurations in (super-) gravity/string theories. (orig.)

  16. Off-diagonal deformations of Kerr metrics and black ellipsoids in heterotic supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vacaru, Sergiu I.; Irwin, Klee

    2017-01-01

    Geometric methods for constructing exact solutions of equations of motion with first order α ' corrections to the heterotic supergravity action implying a nontrivial Yang-Mills sector and six-dimensional, 6-d, almost-Kaehler internal spaces are studied. In 10-d spacetimes, general parametrizations for generic off-diagonal metrics, nonlinear and linear connections, and matter sources, when the equations of motion decouple in very general forms are considered. This allows us to construct a variety of exact solutions when the coefficients of fundamental geometric/physical objects depend on all higher-dimensional spacetime coordinates via corresponding classes of generating and integration functions, generalized effective sources and integration constants. Such generalized solutions are determined by generic off-diagonal metrics and nonlinear and/or linear connections; in particular, as configurations which are warped/compactified to lower dimensions and for Levi-Civita connections. The corresponding metrics can have (non-) Killing and/or Lie algebra symmetries and/or describe (1+2)-d and/or (1+3)-d domain wall configurations, with possible warping nearly almost-Kaehler manifolds, with gravitational and gauge instantons for nonlinear vacuum configurations and effective polarizations of cosmological and interaction constants encoding string gravity effects. A series of examples of exact solutions describing generic off-diagonal supergravity modifications to black hole/ellipsoid and solitonic configurations are provided and analyzed. We prove that it is possible to reproduce the Kerr and other type black solutions in general relativity (with certain types of string corrections) in the 4-d case and to generalize the solutions to non-vacuum configurations in (super-) gravity/string theories. (orig.)

  17. 10D massive type IIA supergravities as the uplift of parabolic M2-brane torus bundles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia del Moral, Maria Pilar [Universidad de Antofagasta (Chile). Dept. de Fisica; Restuccia, Alvaro [Universidad de Antofagasta (Chile). Dept. de Fisica; Universidad Simon Bolivar, Caracas (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of). Dept. de Fisica

    2016-04-15

    We remark that the two 10D massive deformations of the N = 2 maximal type IIA supergravity (Romans and HLW supergravity) are associated to the low energy limit of the uplift to 10D of M2-brane torus bundles with parabolic monodromy linearly and non-linearly realized respectively. Romans supergravity corresponds to M2-brane compactified on a twice-punctured torus bundle. (copyright 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  18. The minimally tuned minimal supersymmetric standard model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Essig, Rouven; Fortin, Jean-Francois

    2008-01-01

    The regions in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model with the minimal amount of fine-tuning of electroweak symmetry breaking are presented for general messenger scale. No a priori relations among the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters are assumed and fine-tuning is minimized with respect to all the important parameters which affect electroweak symmetry breaking. The superpartner spectra in the minimally tuned region of parameter space are quite distinctive with large stop mixing at the low scale and negative squark soft masses at the high scale. The minimal amount of tuning increases enormously for a Higgs mass beyond roughly 120 GeV

  19. Sufficient condition for the linearization stability of N = 1 supergravity: A preliminary report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bao, D.

    1984-01-01

    This paper outlines how the methods developed by Fischer, Marsden, and Moncrief (A. Fischer and J. Marsden, ''Isolated Gravitating Systems in General Relativity,'' (J. Ehlers, Ed.), Proceedings of the International School of Physics Enrico Fermi Course XVII, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1979; A. Fischer, J. Marsden, and V. Moncrief, Ann. Inst. Henri Poincare 33 (1980), 147-194) for general relativity are being used to show that classical N = 1 supergravity, as a non-linear system of partial differential equtions, is linearization stable at any solution which lacks Killing symmetry. It is assumed (for convenience) throughout that the underlying spacetime is topologically Σ 0 x R, where Σ 0 is a compact, spacelike, and boundaryless 3-dimensional hypersurface

  20. Non-linear realizations and higher curvature supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farakos, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia ' ' Galileo Galilei' ' , Universita di Padova (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Padova (Italy); Ferrara, S. [Department of Theoretical Physics, Geneva (Switzerland); INFN - Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Frascati (Italy); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Mani L. Bhaumik Institute for Theoretical Physics, U.C.L.A., Los Angeles, CA (United States); Kehagias, A. [Physics Division, National Technical University of Athens (Greece); Luest, D. [Arnold Sommerfeld Center for Theoretical Physics, Muenchen (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, Muenchen (Germany)

    2017-12-15

    We focus on non-linear realizations of local supersymmetry as obtained by using constrained superfields in supergravity. New constraints, beyond those of rigid supersymmetry, are obtained whenever curvature multiplets are affected as well as higher derivative interactions are introduced. In particular, a new constraint, which removes a very massive gravitino is introduced, and in the rigid limit it merely reduces to an explicit supersymmetry breaking. Higher curvature supergravities free of ghosts and instabilities are also obtained in this way. Finally, we consider direct coupling of the goldstino multiplet to the super Gauss-Bonnet multiplet and discuss the emergence of a new scalar degree of freedom. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  1. One-loop divergences in the quantum theory of supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nieuwenhuizen, P. van; Vermaseren, J.A.M.

    1976-01-01

    Supergravity does not lead to a finite quantum theory of gravitation when coupled to the spin 1, 1/2 matter multiplet. The S-matrix of photon-photon scattering diverges; its divergences are proportional to the square of the photon energy-momentum tensor, in agreement with electro-magnetic duality and chiral invariance. The graviton self-energy corrections are divergent in pure supergravity as well as in the coupled Maxwell-Einstein system and satisfy their Ward identity because the supersymmetry ghost field is commuting. The photon-graviton vertex corrections diverge, as expected from the non-invariance of the action under local scale transformations, and satisfy the equivalence principle at the quantum level. The photon self-energy is divergent. (Auth.)

  2. On eleven-dimensional supergravity and Chern-Simons theory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Izaurieta, Fernando, E-mail: fizaurie@ucsc.cl [Departamento de Matematica y Fisica Aplicadas, Universidad Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion, Alonso de Ribera 2850, 4090541 Concepcion (Chile); Instituto de Matematicas, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Av. Insurgentes Sur s/n, D.F. (Mexico); Departament de Fisica Teorica, Universitat de Valencia, C/ Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia (Spain); Rodriguez, Eduardo, E-mail: edurodriguez@ucsc.cl [Departamento de Matematica y Fisica Aplicadas, Universidad Catolica de la Santisima Concepcion, Alonso de Ribera 2850, 4090541 Concepcion (Chile)

    2012-02-11

    We probe in some depth into the structure of eleven-dimensional, osp(32|1)-based Chern-Simons supergravity, as put forward by Troncoso and Zanelli (TZ) in 1997. We find that the TZ Lagrangian may be cast as a polynomial in 1/l, where l is a length, and compute explicitly the first three dominant terms. The term proportional to 1/l{sup 9} turns out to be essentially the Lagrangian of the standard 1978 supergravity theory of Cremmer, Julia and Scherk, thus establishing a previously unknown relation between the two theories. The computation is nontrivial because, when written in a sufficiently explicit way, the TZ Lagrangian has roughly one thousand non-explicitly Lorentz-covariant terms. Specially designed algebraic techniques are used to accomplish the results.

  3. Complete D =11 embedding of SO(8) supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varela, Oscar

    2018-02-01

    The truncation formulas of D =11 supergravity on S7 to D =4 N =8 SO(8)-gauged supergravity are completed to include the full nonlinear dependence of the D =11 three-form potential A^ (3 ) on the D =4 fields, and their consistency is shown. The full embedding into A^ (3 ) is naturally expressed in terms of a restricted version, still N =8 but only SL(8)-covariant, of the D =4 tensor hierarchy. The redundancies introduced by this approach are removed at the level of the field strength F^ (4 ) by exploiting D =4 duality relations. Finally, new expressions for the full consistent truncation formulas are given that are explicit in all D =11 and D =4 fields.

  4. Brane inflation: A field theory approach in background supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Choudhury, Sayantan; Pal, Supratik

    2012-01-01

    We propose a model of inflation in the framework of brane cosmology driven by background supergravity. Starting from bulk supergravity we construct the inflaton potential on the brane and employ it to investigate for the consequences to inflationary paradigm. To this end, we derive the expressions for the important parameters in brane inflation, which are somewhat different from their counterparts in standard cosmology, using the one loop radiative corrected potential. We further estimate the observable parameters and find them to fit well with recent observational data. We have studied extensively reheating phenomenology, which explains the thermal history of the universe and leptogenesis through the production of thermal gravitino pertaining to the particle physics phenomenology of the early universe.

  5. Low-energy supergravities from heterotic compactification on reduced structure backgrounds

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martinez Pedrera, Danny Manuel

    2009-10-01

    In this thesis, the compactification of heterotic supergravity on six-dimensional manifolds with SU(2) and SU(3) structure is studied. For the SU(2)-structure backgrounds, the spectrum and the bosonic action of the effective theory in four dimensions are obtained. The results are gauged versions of the ungauged N=2 supergravity obtained after compactification on K3 x T 2 . The gauge algebra and the Killing prepotentials are also computed. For the SU(3)-structure backgrounds, the couplings of the resulting N=1 supergravity are computed by reducing terms on the heterotic supergravity action involving fermionic fields, and are further checked by computing the supersymmetry variations of the fermions. (orig.)

  6. Supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory on conformal supergravity backgrounds in ten dimensions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Medeiros, Paul de; Figueroa-O’Farrill, José [Maxwell Institute and School of Mathematics, The University of Edinburgh,James Clerk Maxwell Building, Peter Guthrie Tait Road, Edinburgh EH9 3FD (United Kingdom)

    2016-03-14

    We consider bosonic supersymmetric backgrounds of ten-dimensional conformal supergravity. Up to local conformal isometry, we classify the maximally supersymmetric backgrounds, determine their conformal symmetry superalgebras and show how they arise as near-horizon geometries of certain half-BPS backgrounds or as a plane-wave limit thereof. We then show how to define Yang-Mills theory with rigid supersymmetry on any supersymmetric conformal supergravity background and, in particular, on the maximally supersymmetric backgrounds. We conclude by commenting on a striking resemblance between the supersymmetric backgrounds of ten-dimensional conformal supergravity and those of eleven-dimensional Poincaré supergravity.

  7. The potentials of the gauged N=8 supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hull, C.M.

    1985-01-01

    The potentials of the SO(p,q) gaugings of N=8 supergravity are investigated for critical points. The SO(7,1) gauging has no G 2 -invariant critical points, the SO(6,2) theory has no SU(3) invariant critical points and the SO(5,3) gauging has only one SO(5)-invariant critical point, with positive cosmological constant, SO(5) x SO(3) symmetry and no supersymmetry. (orig.)

  8. Null half-supersymmetric solutions in five-dimensional supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grover, Jai; Gutowski, Jan B.; Sabra, Wafic

    2008-01-01

    We classify half-supersymmetric solutions of gauged N = 2, D = 5 supergravity coupled to an arbitrary number of abelian vector multiplets for which all of the Killing spinors generate null Killing vectors. We show that there are four classes of solutions, and in each class we find the metric, scalars and gauge field strengths. When the scalar manifold is symmetric, the solutions correspond to a class of local near horizon geometries recently found by Kunduri and Lucietti.

  9. Top-down approach to unified supergravity models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hempfling, R.

    1994-03-01

    We introduce a new approach for studying unified supergravity models. In this approach all the parameters of the grand unified theory (GUT) are fixed by imposing the corresponding number of low energy observables. This determines the remaining particle spectrum whose dependence on the low energy observables can now be investigated. We also include some SUSY threshold corrections that have previously been neglected. In particular the SUSY threshold corrections to the fermion masses can have a significant impact on the Yukawa coupling unification. (orig.)

  10. Type I supergravity effective action from pure spinor formalism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alencar, Geova

    2009-01-01

    Using the pure spinor formalism, we compute the tree-level correlation functions for three strings, one closed and two open, in N = 1 D = 10 superspace. Expanding the superfields in components, the respective terms of the effective action for the type I supergravity are obtained. All terms found agree with the effective action known in the literature. This result gives one more consistency test for the pure spinor formalism.

  11. Unlocking the axion-dilaton in 5D supergravity

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Raeymaekers, Joris; Van den Bleeken, D.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 11, Nov (2014), s. 1-54 ISSN 1029-8479 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-31689S Institutional support: RVO:68378271 Keywords : supergravity models * d-branes * m-theory * black holes in string theory Subject RIV: BE - Theoretical Physics Impact factor: 6.111, year: 2014 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2FJHEP11%282014%29029

  12. Charged vector particle tunneling from a pair of accelerating and rotating and 5D gauged super-gravity black holes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Javed, Wajiha; Ali, Riasat [University of Education, Division of Science and Technology, Lahore (Pakistan); Abbas, G. [The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Department of Mathematics, Bahawalpur (Pakistan)

    2017-05-15

    The aim of this paper is to study the quantum tunneling process for charged vector particles through the horizons of more generalized black holes by using the Proca equation. For this purpose, we consider a pair of charged accelerating and rotating black holes with Newman-Unti-Tamburino parameter and a black hole in 5D gauged super-gravity theory, respectively. Further, we study the tunneling probability and corresponding Hawking temperature for both black holes by using the WKB approximation. We find that our analysis is independent of the particles species whether or not the background black hole geometries are more generalized. (orig.)

  13. Supergravity, Dark Energy and the Fate of the Universe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shmakova, Marina

    2002-09-27

    We propose a description of dark energy and acceleration of the universe in extended supergravities with de Sitter (dS) solutions. Some of them are related to M-theory with non-compact internal spaces. Masses of ultra-light scalars in these models are quantized in units of the Hubble constant: m{sup 2} = nH{sup 2}. If dS solution corresponds to a minimum of the effective potential, the universe eventually becomes dS space. If dS solution corresponds to a maximum or a saddle point, which is the case in all known models based on N = 8 supergravity, the flat universe eventually stops accelerating and collapses to a singularity. We show that in these models, as well as in the simplest models of dark energy based on N = 1 supergravity, the typical time remaining before the global collapse is comparable to the present age of the universe, t = O(10{sup 10}) years. We discuss the possibility of distinguishing between various models and finding our destiny using cosmological observations.

  14. Nilpotent algebras of the generalized differential forms and the geometry of superfield theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zupnik, B.M.

    1991-01-01

    We consider a new algebraic approach in the geometry of supergauge theories and supergravity. An introduction of nilpotent algebras simplifies significantly the analysis of D = 3, 4, N = 1 supergravity constraints. Different terms in the invariant action functionals of SG- and SYM-theories are constructed as the integrals of corresponding generalized differential forms. (orig.)

  15. Generalized bi-quasi-variational inequalities for quasi-semi-monotone and bi-quasi-semi-monotone operators with applications in non-compact settings and minimization problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chowdhury Molhammad SR

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Results are obtained on existence theorems of generalized bi-quasi-variational inequalities for quasi-semi-monotone and bi-quasi-semi-monotone operators in both compact and non-compact settings. We shall use the concept of escaping sequences introduced by Border (Fixed Point Theorem with Applications to Economics and Game Theory, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1985 to obtain results in non-compact settings. Existence theorems on non-compact generalized bi-complementarity problems for quasi-semi-monotone and bi-quasi-semi-monotone operators are also obtained. Moreover, as applications of some results of this paper on generalized bi-quasi-variational inequalities, we shall obtain existence of solutions for some kind of minimization problems with quasi- semi-monotone and bi-quasi-semi-monotone operators.

  16. Charged Fermions Tunneling from a Rotating Charged Black Hole in 5-Dimensional Gauged Supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li Huiling; Lin Rong; Wang Chuanyin

    2010-01-01

    Recent research shows that Hawking radiation from black hole horizon can be treated as a quantum tunneling process, and fermions tunneling method can successfully recover Hawking temperature. In this tunneling framework, choosing a set of appropriate matrices γ μ is an important technique for fermions tunneling method. In this paper, motivated by Kerner and Man's fermions tunneling method of 4 dimension black holes, we further improve the analysis to investigate Hawking tunneling radiation from a rotating charged black hole in 5-dimensional gauged supergravity by constructing a set of appropriate matrices γ μ for general covariant Dirac equation. Finally, the expected Hawking temperature of the black hole is correctly recovered, which takes the same form as that obtained by other methods. This method is universal, and can also be directly extend to the other different-type 5-dimensional charged black holes.

  17. On a supersymmetric completion of the R4 term in IIB supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haro, Sebastian de; Sinkovics, Annamaria; Skenderis, Kostas

    2003-01-01

    We analyze the possibility of constructing a supersymmetric invariant that contains the R 4 term among its components as a superpotential term in type IIB on-shell superspace. We consider a scalar superpotential, i.e. an arbitrary holomorphic function of a chiral scalar superfield. In general, type IIB superspace does not allow for the existence of chiral superfields, but the obstruction vanishes for a specific superfield, the dilaton superfield. This superfield contains all fields of type IIB supergravity among its components, and its existence is implied by the solution of the Bianchi identities. The construction requires the existence of an appropriate chiral measure, and we find an obstruction to the existence of such a measure. The obstruction is closely related to the obstruction for the existence of chiral superfields and is non-linear in the fields. These results imply that the type IIB superinvariant related to the R 4 term is not associated with a scalar chiral superpotential

  18. Bit Error-Rate Minimizing Detector for Amplify-and-Forward Relaying Systems Using Generalized Gaussian Kernel

    KAUST Repository

    Ahmed, Qasim Zeeshan

    2013-01-01

    In this letter, a new detector is proposed for amplifyand- forward (AF) relaying system when communicating with the assistance of relays. The major goal of this detector is to improve the bit error rate (BER) performance of the receiver. The probability density function is estimated with the help of kernel density technique. A generalized Gaussian kernel is proposed. This new kernel provides more flexibility and encompasses Gaussian and uniform kernels as special cases. The optimal window width of the kernel is calculated. Simulations results show that a gain of more than 1 dB can be achieved in terms of BER performance as compared to the minimum mean square error (MMSE) receiver when communicating over Rayleigh fading channels.

  19. Dimensional reduction in field theory and hidden symmetries in extended supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kremmer, E.

    1985-01-01

    Dimensional reduction in field theories is discussed both in theories which do not include gravity and in gravity theories. In particular, 11-dimensional supergravity and its reduction to 4 dimensions is considered. Hidden symmetries of supergravity with N=8 in 4 dimensions, global E 7 and local SU(8)-invariances in particular are detected. The hidden symmmetries permit to interpret geometrically the scalar fields

  20. Effects of the gravivector and graviscalar fields in N = 2,8 supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bellucci, S. [INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati, Rome (Italy); Faraoni, V. [Victoria Univ., BC (Canada). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

    1996-05-01

    The available tests of the equivalence principle constrain the mass of the Higgs-like boson appearing in extended supergravity theories. The authors determine the constraints imposed by high precision experiments on the antigravity fields (gravivector and graviscalar) arising from N = 2,8 supergravity.

  1. Hamiltonian formalism, quantization and S matrix for supergravity. [S matrix, canonical constraints

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fradkin, E S; Vasiliev, M A [AN SSSR, Moscow. Fizicheskij Inst.

    1977-12-05

    The canonical formalism for supergravity is constructed. The algebra of canonical constraints is found. The correct expression for the S matrix is obtained. Usual 'covariant methods' lead to an incorrect S matrix in supergravity since a new four-particle interaction of ghostfields survives in the Lagrangian expression of the S matrix.

  2. Solution of N=2 supergravity constraints in terms of N=1 superfields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Awada, M.A.; Mokhtari, S. (Imperial Coll. of Science and Technology, London (UK). Blackett Lab.)

    1984-08-30

    The constraints of N=2 supergravity are given in terms of N=1 supergravity and matter fields. We exhibit the solution of these constraints to all orders in terms of N=1 superfields; and we propose a structure for the action.

  3. The solution of N=2 supergravity constraints in terms of N=1 superfields

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Awada, M.A.; Mokhtari, S.

    1984-01-01

    The constraints of N=2 supergravity are given in terms of N=1 supergravity and matter fields. We exhibit the solution of these constraints to all orders in terms of N=1 superfields; and we propose a structure for the action. (orig.)

  4. Supergravity and the knitting of the Kalb-Ramond two-form in eight-dimensional topological gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baulieu, Laurent; Bellon, Marc; Tanzini, Alessandro

    2003-07-17

    Topological Euclidean gravity is built in eight dimensions for manifolds with Spin(7) subset of SO(8) holonomy. In a previous work, we considered the construction of an eight-dimensional topological theory describing the graviton and one graviphoton. Here we solve the question of determining a topological model for the combined system of a metric and a Kalb-Ramond two-form gauge field. We then recover the complete N=1, D=8 supergravity theory in a twisted form. We observe that the generalized self-duality conditions of our model correspond to the octonionic string equations.

  5. Inverse dualization and non-local dualities between Einstein gravity and supergravities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen Chiangmei; Gal'tsov, Dmitri V; Sharakin, Sergei A

    2002-01-01

    We investigate non-local dualities between suitably compactified higher dimensional Einstein gravity and supergravities which can be revealed if one reinterprets the dualized Kaluza-Klein 2-forms in D>4 as antisymmetric forms belonging to supergravities. We find several examples of such a correspondence including one between the six-dimensional Einstein gravity and the four-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton-axion theory (truncated N=4 supergravity), and others between the compactified eleven- and ten-dimensional supergravities and the eight- or ten-dimensional pure gravity. The Killing spinor equation of the D=11 supergravity is shown to be equivalent to the geometric Killing spinor equation in the dual gravity. We give several examples of using new dualities for solution generation and demonstrate how p-branes can be interpreted as non-local duals of pure gravity solutions. New supersymmetric solutions are presented including M2 subset of 5-brane with two rotation parameters

  6. Two dimensional conformal supergravity and critical behavior

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abdalla, E.; Abdalla, M.C.B.; Zadra, A.

    1988-01-01

    A recent construction of Z-D gravity is generalized to the supersymmetric case. Anomalous dimensions are found. A super Kac-Moody SL (Z,R) algebra is obtained as a starting point using the anomaly equation for the graviton/gravitino system. (authors) [pt

  7. Gravity measurement on antimatter and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beverini, N.; Poggiani, R.; Torelli, G.; Lagomarsino, V.; Manuzio, G.; Scuri, F.

    1988-01-01

    The relevance of gravity measurements with antimatter is discussed assuming both scalar and vector terms in the generalized gravitational potential. On the basis of previous experimental results a suitable parametrization allows to point out the different sensitivity between matter-matter and matter-antimatter experiments. (orig.)

  8. A New Era of Minimally Invasive Surgery: Progress and Development of Major Technical Innovations in General Surgery Over the Last Decade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siddaiah-Subramanya, Manjunath; Tiang, Kor Woi; Nyandowe, Masimba

    2017-10-01

    Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) continues to play an important role in general surgery as an alternative to traditional open surgery as well as traditional laparoscopic techniques. Since the 1980s, technological advancement and innovation have seen surgical techniques in MIS rapidly grow as it is viewed as more desirable. MIS, which includes natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) and single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS), is less invasive and has better cosmetic results. The technological growth and adoption of NOTES and SILS by clinicians in the last decade has however not been uniform. We look at the differences in new developments and advancement in the different techniques in the last 10 years. We also aim to explain these differences as well as the implications in general surgery for the future.

  9. Advances in geometry and Lie algebras from supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Frè, Pietro Giuseppe

    2018-01-01

    This book aims to provide an overview of several topics in advanced Differential Geometry and Lie Group Theory, all of them stemming from mathematical problems in supersymmetric physical theories. It presents a mathematical illustration of the main development in geometry and symmetry theory that occurred under the fertilizing influence of supersymmetry/supergravity. The contents are mainly of mathematical nature, but each topic is introduced by historical information and enriched with motivations from high energy physics, which help the reader in getting a deeper comprehension of the subject. .

  10. Supergravity, Non-Conformal Field Theories and Brane-Worlds

    CERN Document Server

    Gherghetta, Tony; Gherghetta, Tony; Oz, Yaron

    2002-01-01

    We consider the supergravity dual descriptions of non-conformal super Yang-Mills theories realized on the world-volume of Dp-branes. We use the dual description to compute stress-energy tensor and current correlators. We apply the results to the study of dilatonic brane-worlds described by non-conformal field theories coupled to gravity. We find that brane-worlds based on D4 and D5 branes exhibit a localization of gauge and gravitational fields. We calculate the corrections to the Newton and Coulomb laws in these theories.

  11. Black holes in ω-deformed gauged N=8 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anabalón, Andrés; Astefanesei, Dumitru

    2014-01-01

    Motivated by the recently found 4-dimensional ω-deformed gauged supergravity, we investigate the black hole solutions within the single scalar field consistent truncations of this theory. We construct black hole solutions that have spherical, toroidal, and hyperbolic horizon topologies. The scalar field is regular everywhere outside the curvature singularity and the stress–energy tensor satisfies the null energy condition. When the parameter ω does not vanish, there is a degeneracy in the spectrum of black hole solutions for boundary conditions that preserve the asymptotic Anti-de Sitter symmetries. These boundary conditions correspond to multi-trace deformations in the dual field theory.

  12. Chern–Simons–Antoniadis–Savvidy forms and standard supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Izaurieta, F., E-mail: fizaurie@udec.cl; Salgado, P., E-mail: pasalgad@udec.cl; Salgado, S., E-mail: sesalgado@udec.cl

    2017-04-10

    In the context of the so called the Chern–Simons–Antoniadis–Savvidy (ChSAS) forms, we use the methods for FDA decomposition in 1-forms to construct a four-dimensional ChSAS supergravity action for the Maxwell superalgebra. On the another hand, we use the Extended Cartan Homotopy Formula to find a method that allows the separation of the ChSAS action into bulk and boundary contributions and permits the splitting of the bulk Lagrangian into pieces that reflect the particular subspace structure of the gauge algebra.

  13. de Sitter space from dilatino condensates in massive IIA supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souères, Bertrand; Tsimpis, Dimitrios

    2018-02-01

    We use the superspace formulation of (massive) IIA supergravity to obtain the explicit form of the dilatino terms, and we find that the quartic-dilatino term is positive. The theory admits a ten-dimensional de Sitter solution, obtained by assuming a nonvanishing quartic-dilatino condensate which generates a positive cosmological constant. Moreover, in the presence of dilatino condensates, the theory admits formal four-dimensional de Sitter solutions of the form d S4×M6, where M6 is a six-dimensional Kähler-Einstein manifold of positive scalar curvature.

  14. 'Semi-realistic'F-term inflation model building in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kain, Ben

    2008-01-01

    We describe methods for building 'semi-realistic' models of F-term inflation. By semi-realistic we mean that they are built in, and obey the requirements of, 'semi-realistic' particle physics models. The particle physics models are taken to be effective supergravity theories derived from orbifold compactifications of string theory, and their requirements are taken to be modular invariance, absence of mass terms and stabilization of moduli. We review the particle physics models, their requirements and tools and methods for building inflation models

  15. Direct gauge mediation of uplifted metastable supersymmetry breaking in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maru, Nobuhito

    2010-01-01

    We propose a direct gauge mediation model based on an uplifted metastable supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking coupled to supergravity. A constant superpotential plays an essential role to fix the moduli as well as breaking SUSY and R symmetry and the cancellation of the cosmological constant. Gaugino masses are generated at leading order of SUSY breaking scale, and comparable to the sfermion masses as in the ordinary gauge mediation. The Landau pole problem for QCD coupling can be easily solved since more than half of messengers become superheavy, which are heavier than the grand unified theory (GUT) scale.

  16. Gravity mediation in 6d brane-world supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, H.M.

    2005-09-01

    We consider the gravity-mediated SUSY breaking within the effective theory of six-dimensional brane-world supergravity. We construct the supersymmetric bulk-brane action by Noether method and find the nontrivial moduli coupling of the brane F- and D-terms. We find that the low energy Kaehler potential is not of sequestered form, so gravity mediation may occur at tree level. In moduli stabilization with anomaly effects included, the scalar soft mass squared can be positive at tree level and it can be comparable to the anomaly mediation. (orig.)

  17. Vertex operators of ghost number three in Type IIB supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mikhailov, Andrei

    2016-01-01

    We study the cohomology of the massless BRST complex of the Type IIB pure spinor superstring in flat space. In particular, we find that the cohomology at the ghost number three is nontrivial and transforms in the same representation of the supersymmetry algebra as the solutions of the linearized classical supergravity equations. Modulo some finite dimensional spaces, the ghost number three cohomology is the same as the ghost number two cohomology. We also comment on the difference between the naive and semi-relative cohomology, and the role of b-ghost.

  18. Black holes in ω-deformed gauged N=8 supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anabalón, Andrés, E-mail: andres.anabalon@uai.cl [Departamento de Ciencias, Facultad de Artes Liberales y Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Av. Padre Hurtado 750, Viña del Mar (Chile); Université de Lyon, Laboratoire de Physique, UMR 5672, CNRS, École Normale Supérieure de Lyon, 46 allé d' Italie, F-69364 Lyon Cedex 07 (France); Astefanesei, Dumitru, E-mail: dumitru.astefanesei@ucv.cl [Instituto de Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Casilla 4059, Valparaíso (Chile)

    2014-05-01

    Motivated by the recently found 4-dimensional ω-deformed gauged supergravity, we investigate the black hole solutions within the single scalar field consistent truncations of this theory. We construct black hole solutions that have spherical, toroidal, and hyperbolic horizon topologies. The scalar field is regular everywhere outside the curvature singularity and the stress–energy tensor satisfies the null energy condition. When the parameter ω does not vanish, there is a degeneracy in the spectrum of black hole solutions for boundary conditions that preserve the asymptotic Anti-de Sitter symmetries. These boundary conditions correspond to multi-trace deformations in the dual field theory.

  19. Black-Hole Attractors in N=1 Supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Andrianopoli, L; Ferrara, Sergio; Trigiante, M; Andrianopoli, Laura; Auria, Riccardo D'; Ferrara, Sergio; Trigiante, Mario

    2007-01-01

    We study the attractor mechanism for N=1 supergravity coupled to vector and chiral multiplets and compute the attractor equations of these theories. These equations may have solutions depending on the choice of the holomorphic symmetric matrix f_{\\Lambda\\Sigma} which appears in the kinetic lagrangian of the vector sector. Models with non trivial electric-magnetic duality group which have or have not attractor behavior are exhibited. For a particular class of models, based on an N=1 reduction of homogeneous special geometries, the attractor equations are related to the theory of pure spinors.

  20. Duality in superspace and anomaly free supergravity: Some remarks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    D'Auria, R.; Fre, P.

    1988-01-01

    The authors show that the superspace formulation of anomaly free supergravity based on the 2-form B/sup (2)/ and the 6-form B/sup (6)/ are asymmetrical. B/sup (6)/ is the electric potential while B/sup (2)/ is the magnetic one. As a consequence, the Bianchi-identity associated with the B/sup (2)/ formulation is the in homogeneous Maxwell equation which provides a full account of the dynamics. The Bianchi identity associated with B/sup (6)/ is the homogeneous Maxwell equation: a mere identity which yields no information on the dynamics. It admits a universal ''offshell'' solution

  1. Nonextremal black holes in gauged supergravity and the real formulation of special geometry II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klemm, Dietmar; Vaughan, Owen

    2013-01-01

    In Klemm and Vaughan (2012 arXiv:1207.2679), a new prescription for finding nonextremal black hole solutions to N=2, D = 4 Fayet–Iliopoulos gauged supergravity was presented, and explicit solutions of various models containing one vector multiplet were constructed. Here, we use the same method to find new nonextremal black holes to more complicated models. We also provide a general recipe to construct non-BPS extremal solutions for an arbitrary prepotential, as long as an axion-free condition holds. These follow from a set of first-order conditions, and are related to the corresponding supersymmetric black holes by a multiplication of the charge vector with a constant field rotation matrix S. The fake superpotential driving this first-order flow is nothing else than Hamilton’s characteristic function in a Hamilton–Jacobi formalism, and coincides in the supersymmetric case (when S is plus or minus the identity) with the superpotential proposed by Dall’Agata and Gnecchi (2011 J. High Energy Phys.JHEP03(2011)037). For the nonextremal black holes that asymptote to (magnetic) AdS, we compute both the mass coming from holographic renormalization and the one appearing in the superalgebra. The latter correctly vanishes in the BPS case, but also for certain values of the parameters that do not correspond to any known supersymmetric solution of N=2 gauged supergravity. We finally show that the product of all horizon areas depends only on the charges and the asymptotic value of the cosmological constant. (paper)

  2. Effect of intercostal nerve block combined with general anesthesia on the stress response in patients undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhan, Yanping; Chen, Guo; Huang, Jian; Hou, Benchao; Liu, Weicheng; Chen, Shibiao

    2017-10-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of intercostal nerve block combined with general anesthesia on the stress response and postoperative recovery in patients undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MIMVS). A total of 30 patients scheduled for MIMVS were randomly divided into two groups (n=15 each): Group A, which received intercostal nerve block combined with general anesthesia and group B, which received general anesthesia alone. Intercostal nerve block in group A was performed with 0.5% ropivacaine from T3 to T7 prior to anesthesia induction. In each group, general anesthesia was induced using midazolam, sufentanil, propofol and vecuronium. Central venous blood samples were collected to determine the concentrations of cortisol, glucose, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) at the following time points: During central venous catheterization (T 1 ), 5 min prior to cardiopulmonary bypass (T 2 ), perioperative (T 3 ) and 24 h following surgery (T 4 ). Clinical data, including parameters of opioid (sufentanil) consumption, time of mechanical ventilation, duration of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, visual analog scale scores and any complications arising from intercostal nerve block, were recorded. Levels of cortisol, glucose, IL-6 and TNF-α in group A were significantly lower than those in group B at T 2 (all Pblock combined with general anesthesia may inhibit the stress response to MIMVS. Additionally, intercostal nerve block combined with general anesthesia may significantly reduce sufentanil consumption (Pblock combined with general anesthesia conforms to the concept of rapid rehabilitation surgery and may be suitable for clinical practice.

  3. Comparison of minimally invasive surgical skills of neurosurgeons versus general surgeons: is there a difference in the first exposure to a virtual reality simulator?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassan, I; Bin Dayne, K; Kappus, C; Gerdes, B; Rothmund, M; Hellwig, D

    2007-04-01

    The increasing use of minimally invasive surgery, which has a longer learning curve compared to open surgery lets the necessity to develop training programs to improve endoscopic skills of trainees become ever clearer. The aim of this study was to compare the endoscopic skills of neurosurgeons versus general surgeons at first exposure to a virtual reality simulator. 72 general surgeons who visited the 122nd Conference of the German Surgeons Society (DGCH in Munich 2005) and 35 neuroendoscopic surgeons, who visited the Third World Conference of the International Study Group of Neuroendoscopy (ISGNE in Marburg 2005) participated in this study. Each participant performed the basic module "clip application" on the virtual reality simulator (LapSim). All participants were given the same pretest instructions. Time to complete the task, error score and economy of motion were recorded. The general surgeons performed the clip application faster, but with more errors than neuroendoscopic surgeons. However, the difference of both parameters was not significant. Both surgeon groups have a similar score for economy of motion. Although neuroendoscopic surgeons were exposed to a foreign procedure and unfamiliar equipment, they were able to perform virtual endoscopy with similar accuracy as general surgeons, who are adapted to these endoscopic instruments and procedures and do these daily.

  4. Variants of kinetically modified non-minimal Higgs inflation in supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pallis, C. [Department of Physics, University of Cyprus, P.O. Box 20537, Nicosia 1678 (Cyprus)

    2016-10-24

    We consider models of chaotic inflation driven by the real parts of a conjugate pair of Higgs superfields involved in the spontaneous breaking of a grand unification symmetry at a scale assuming its Supersymmetric (SUSY) value. Employing Kähler potentials with a prominent shift-symmetric part proportional to c{sub −} and a tiny violation, proportional to c{sub +}, included in a logarithm we show that the inflationary observables provide an excellent match to the recent Planck and BICEP2/Keck Array results setting, e.g., 6.4⋅10{sup −3}≲r{sub ±}=c{sub +}/c{sub −}≲1/N where N=2 or 3 is the prefactor of the logarithm. Deviations of these prefactors from their integer values above are also explored and a region where hilltop inflation occurs is localized. Moreover, we analyze two distinct possible stabilization mechanisms for the non-inflaton accompanying superfield, one tied to higher order terms and one with just quadratic terms within the argument of a logarithm with positive prefactor N{sub S}<6. In all cases, inflation can be attained for subplanckian inflaton values with the corresponding effective theories retaining the perturbative unitarity up to the Planck scale.

  5. Constraining the mSUGRA (minimal supergravity) parameter space using the entropy of dark matter halos

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Núñez, Darío; Zavala, Jesús; Nellen, Lukas; Sussman, Roberto A; Cabral-Rosetti, Luis G; Mondragón, Myriam

    2008-01-01

    We derive an expression for the entropy of a dark matter halo described using a Navarro–Frenk–White model with a core. The comparison of this entropy with that of dark matter in the freeze-out era allows us to constrain the parameter space in mSUGRA models. Moreover, combining these constraints with the ones obtained from the usual abundance criterion and demanding that these criteria be consistent with the 2σ bounds for the abundance of dark matter: 0.112≤Ω DM h 2 ≤0.122, we are able to clearly identify validity regions among the values of tanβ, which is one of the parameters of the mSUGRA model. We found that for the regions of the parameter space explored, small values of tanβ are not favored; only for tan β ≃ 50 are the two criteria significantly consistent. In the region where the two criteria are consistent we also found a lower bound for the neutralino mass, m χ ≥141 GeV

  6. Constraining the mSUGRA (minimal supergravity) parameter space using the entropy of dark matter halos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nunez, Dario; Zavala, Jesus; Nellen, Lukas; Sussman, Roberto A [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (ICN-UNAM), AP 70-543, Mexico 04510 DF (Mexico); Cabral-Rosetti, Luis G [Departamento de Posgrado, Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigacion y Docencia en Educacion Tecnica (CIIDET), Avenida Universidad 282 Pte., Col. Centro, Apartado Postal 752, C. P. 76000, Santiago de Queretaro, Qro. (Mexico); Mondragon, Myriam, E-mail: nunez@nucleares.unam.mx, E-mail: jzavala@nucleares.unam.mx, E-mail: jzavala@shao.ac.cn, E-mail: lukas@nucleares.unam.mx, E-mail: sussman@nucleares.unam.mx, E-mail: lgcabral@ciidet.edu.mx, E-mail: myriam@fisica.unam.mx [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (IF-UNAM), Apartado Postal 20-364, 01000 Mexico DF (Mexico); Collaboration: For the Instituto Avanzado de Cosmologia, IAC

    2008-05-15

    We derive an expression for the entropy of a dark matter halo described using a Navarro-Frenk-White model with a core. The comparison of this entropy with that of dark matter in the freeze-out era allows us to constrain the parameter space in mSUGRA models. Moreover, combining these constraints with the ones obtained from the usual abundance criterion and demanding that these criteria be consistent with the 2{sigma} bounds for the abundance of dark matter: 0.112{<=}{Omega}{sub DM}h{sup 2}{<=}0.122, we are able to clearly identify validity regions among the values of tan{beta}, which is one of the parameters of the mSUGRA model. We found that for the regions of the parameter space explored, small values of tan{beta} are not favored; only for tan {beta} Asymptotically-Equal-To 50 are the two criteria significantly consistent. In the region where the two criteria are consistent we also found a lower bound for the neutralino mass, m{sub {chi}}{>=}141 GeV.

  7. Regularity of Minimal Surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Dierkes, Ulrich; Tromba, Anthony J; Kuster, Albrecht

    2010-01-01

    "Regularity of Minimal Surfaces" begins with a survey of minimal surfaces with free boundaries. Following this, the basic results concerning the boundary behaviour of minimal surfaces and H-surfaces with fixed or free boundaries are studied. In particular, the asymptotic expansions at interior and boundary branch points are derived, leading to general Gauss-Bonnet formulas. Furthermore, gradient estimates and asymptotic expansions for minimal surfaces with only piecewise smooth boundaries are obtained. One of the main features of free boundary value problems for minimal surfaces is t

  8. Minimal surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Dierkes, Ulrich; Sauvigny, Friedrich; Jakob, Ruben; Kuster, Albrecht

    2010-01-01

    Minimal Surfaces is the first volume of a three volume treatise on minimal surfaces (Grundlehren Nr. 339-341). Each volume can be read and studied independently of the others. The central theme is boundary value problems for minimal surfaces. The treatise is a substantially revised and extended version of the monograph Minimal Surfaces I, II (Grundlehren Nr. 295 & 296). The first volume begins with an exposition of basic ideas of the theory of surfaces in three-dimensional Euclidean space, followed by an introduction of minimal surfaces as stationary points of area, or equivalently

  9. Chern-Simons (super)gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Hassaine, Mokhtar

    2016-01-01

    This book grew out of a set of lecture notes on gravitational Chern–Simons (CS) theories developed over the past decade for several schools and different audiences including graduate students and researchers.CS theories are gauge-invariant theories that can include gravity consistently. They are only defined in odd dimensions and represent a very special class of theories in the Lovelock family. Lovelock gravitation theories are the natural extensions of General Relativity for dimensions greater than four that yield second-order field equations for the metric. These theories also admit local supersymmetric extensions where supersymmetry is an off-shell symmetry of the action, as in a standard gauge theory.Apart from the arguments of mathematical elegance and beauty, the gravitational CS actions are exceptionally endowed with physical attributes that suggest the viability of a quantum interpretation. CS theories are gauge-invariant, scale-invariant and background independent; they have no dimensional couplin...

  10. On the hidden maxwell superalgebra underlying D = 4 supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Penafiel, D.M. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion (Chile); DISAT, Politecnico di Torino (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Torino (Italy); Ravera, L. [DISAT, Politecnico di Torino (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sezione di Torino (Italy)

    2017-09-15

    In this work, we expand the hidden AdS-Lorentz superalgebra underlying D = 4 supergravity, reaching a (hidden) Maxwell superalgebra. The latter can be viewed as an extension involving cosmological constant of the superalgebra underlying D = 4 supergravity in flat spacetime. We write the Maurer-Cartan equations in this context and we find some interesting extensions of the antisymmetric 3-form A{sup (3)} appearing in the Free Differential Algebra in Minkowski space. The structure of Free Differential Algebras is obtained by considering the zero curvature equations. We write the parametrization of A{sup (3)} in terms of 1-forms and we rend the topological features of its extensions manifest. We interestingly find out that the structure of these extensions, and consequently the structure of the corresponding boundary contribution dA{sup (3)}, strongly depends on the form of the extra fermionic generator appearing in the hidden Maxwell superalgebra. The model we develop in this work is defined in an enlarged superspace with respect to the ordinary one, and the extra bosonic and fermionic 1-forms required for the closure of the hidden Maxwell superalgebra must be considered as physical fields in this enlarged superspace. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  11. On the underlying gauge group structure of D=11 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bandos, I.A.; Azcarraga, J.A. de; Izquierdo, J.M.; Picon, M.; Varela, O.

    2004-01-01

    The underlying gauge group structure of D=11 supergravity is revisited. It may be described by a one-parametric family of Lie supergroups Σ-bar (s)x-bar SO(1,10), s 0. The family of superalgebras E-bar (s) associated to Σ-bar (s) is given by a family of extensions of the M-algebra {Pa,Qα,Zab,Za1...a5} by an additional fermionic central charge Qα'. The Chevalley-Eilenberg four-cocycle ω4∼Πα-bar Πβ-bar Πa-bar ΠbΓabαβ on the standard D=11 supersymmetry algebra may be trivialized on E-bar (s), and this implies that the three-form field A3 of D=11 supergravity may be expressed as a composite of the Σ-bar (s) one-form gauge fields ea, ψα, Bab, Ba1...a5 and ηα. Two superalgebras of E-bar (s) recover the two earlier D'Auria and Fre decompositions of A3. Another member of E-bar (s) allows for a simpler composite structure for A3 that does not involve the Ba1...a5 field. Σ-bar (s) is a deformation of Σ-bar (0), which is singularized by having an enhanced Sp(32) (rather than just SO(1,10)) automorphism symmetry and by being an expansion of OSp(1 vertical bar 32)

  12. Spontaneous SUSY breaking without R symmetry in supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maekawa, Nobuhiro; Omura, Yuji; Shigekami, Yoshihiro; Yoshida, Manabu

    2018-03-01

    We discuss spontaneous supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking in a model with an anomalous U (1 )A symmetry. In this model, the size of the each term in the superpotential is controlled by the U (1 )A charge assignment and SUSY is spontaneously broken via the Fayet-Iliopoulos of U (1 )A at the metastable vacuum. In the global SUSY analysis, the gaugino masses become much smaller than the sfermion masses, because an approximate R symmetry appears at the SUSY breaking vacuum. In this paper, we show that gaugino masses can be as large as gravitino mass, taking the supergravity effect into consideration. This is because the R symmetry is not imposed so that the constant term in the superpotential, which is irrelevant to the global SUSY analysis, largely contributes to the soft SUSY breaking terms in the supergravity. As the mediation mechanism, we introduce the contributions of the field not charged under U (1 )A and the moduli field to cancel the anomaly of U (1 )A. We comment on the application of our SUSY breaking scenario to the grand unified theory.

  13. Group-geometric methods in supergravity and superstring theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Castellani, L.

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to give a brief and pedagogical account of the group-geometric approach to (super)gravity and superstring theories. The authors summarize the main ideas and apply them to selected examples. Group geometry provides a natural and unified formulation of gravity and gauge theories. The invariance of both are interpreted as diffeomorphisms on a suitable group manifold. This geometrical framework has a fruitful output, in that it provides a systematic algorithm for the gauging of Lie algebras and the construction of (super)gravity or (super)string Lagrangians. The basic idea is to associate fundamental fields to the group generators. This is done by considering first a basis of tangent vectors on the group manifold. These vectors close on the same algebra as the abstract group generators. The dual basis, i.e. the vielbeins (cotangent basis of one-forms) is then identified with the set of fundamental fields. Thus, for example, the vielbein V a and the spin connection ω ab of ordinary Einstein-Cartan gravity are seen as the duals of the tangent vectors corresponding to translations and Lorentz rotations, respectively

  14. Geometric supergravity in D = 11 and its hidden supergroup

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    D'Auria, R.; Fre, P.

    1982-01-01

    In this paper we address two questions: the geometrical formulation of D=11 supergravity and the derivation of the super Lie algebra it is based on. The solutions of the two problems are intimately related and are obtained via the introduction of the new concept of a Cartan integrable system described in this paper. The previously developed group manifold framework can be naturally extended to a Cartan integrable system manifold approach. Within this scheme we obtain a geometric action for D=11 supergravity based on a suitable Cartan system. This latter turns out to be compact description of a two-element class of supergroups containing besides Lorentz Jsub(ab), translation Psub(a) and ordinary supersymmetry Q, the following extra generators: two- and five-index skew-symmetric tensors Zsub(a1a2)Zsub(a1...a5) and a further spinorial charge Q'. Q' commutes with itself and everyhting else except Jsub(ab). It appears in the commutators of Q with Psub(a),Zsub(a1a2),Zsub(a1...a5). (orig.)

  15. On gauged maximal d  =  8 supergravities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lasso Andino, Óscar; Ortín, Tomás

    2018-04-01

    We study the gauging of maximal d  =  8 supergravity using the embedding tensor formalism. We focus on SO(3) gaugings, study all the possible choices of gauge fields and construct explicitly the bosonic actions (including the complicated Chern–Simons terms) for all these choices, which are parametrized by a parameter associated to the 8-dimensional SL(2, {R}) duality group that relates all the possible choices which are, ultimately, equivalent from the purely 8-dimensional point of view. Our result proves that the theory constructed by Salam and Sezgin by Scherk–Schwarz compactification of d  =  11 supergravity and the theory constructed in Alonso-Alberca (2001 Nucl. Phys. B 602 329) by dimensional reduction of the so called ‘massive 11-dimensional supergravity’ proposed by Meessen and Ortín in (1999 Nucl. Phys. B 541 195) are indeed related by an SL(2, {R}) duality even though they have two completely different 11-dimensional origins.

  16. General optimization procedure towards the design of a new family of minimal parameter spin-component-scaled double-hybrid density functional theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roch, Loïc M; Baldridge, Kim K

    2017-10-04

    A general optimization procedure towards the development and implementation of a new family of minimal parameter spin-component-scaled double-hybrid (mSD) density functional theory (DFT) is presented. The nature of the proposed exchange-correlation functional establishes a methodology with minimal empiricism. This new family of double-hybrid (DH) density functionals is demonstrated using the PBEPBE functional, illustrating the optimization procedure to the mSD-PBEPBE method, and the performance characteristics shown for a set of non-covalent complexes covering a broad regime of weak interactions. With only two parameters, mSD-PBEPBE and its cost-effective counterpart, RI-mSD-PBEPBE, show a mean absolute error of ca. 0.4 kcal mol -1 averaged over 66 weak interacting systems. Following a successive 2D-grid refinement for a CBS extrapolation of the coefficients, the optimization procedure can be recommended for the design and implementation of a variety of additional DH methods using any of the plethora of currently available functionals.

  17. Spontaneously broken realization of supersymmetry in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrara, S.; Trieste Univ.

    1979-01-01

    It is shown that if supersymmetry is relevant for the physical world it must be broken either spontaneously or explicitly. Renormalizability and simplicity are in favor of a spontaneous realization of the symmetry breaking. When supersymmetry is spontaneously broken the spinorial analogue of the Goldstone phenomenon occurs, namely massless particles arise in the spectrum of the theory which carry the same quantum numbers of the broken generators Qsup(i) they are N spin 1/2 Goldstone fermions (goldstinos). These particles may be eaten by spin 3/2 gauge particles (gravitinos) when supersymmetry is gauged. It is shown that both the Higgs effect and super Higgs effect have taken place. 8 of the spin 1/2 particles have been eaten by the spin 3/2 particles and 24 of 70 scalars have been eaten by the spin 3/2 particles and 24 of 70 scalars have been eaten by 24 of the 28 vector particles to provide them with mass. The conclusion is that the number of mass relations is, in general, equal to r-1, where r is the rank of the algebra which generates the spectrum

  18. Higgs mechanism and cosmological constant in N = 1 supergravity with inflaton in a vector multiplet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aldabergenov, Yermek [Tokyo Metropolitan University, Department of Physics, Tokyo (Japan); Ketov, Sergei V. [Tokyo Metropolitan University, Department of Physics, Tokyo (Japan); The University of Tokyo, Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (IPMU), Chiba (Japan); Tomsk Polytechnic University, Institute of Physics and Technology, Tomsk (Russian Federation)

    2017-04-15

    The N = 1 supergravity models of cosmological inflation with an inflaton belonging to a massive vector multiplet and spontaneous SUSY breaking after inflation are reformulated as the supersymmetric U(1) gauge theories of a massless vector superfield interacting with the Higgs and Polonyi chiral superfields, all coupled to supergravity. The U(1) gauge sector is identified with the U(1) gauge fields of the super-GUT coupled to supergravity, whose gauge group has a U(1) factor. A positive cosmological constant (dark energy) is included. The scalar potential is calculated, and its de Sitter vacuum solution is found to be stable. (orig.)

  19. Nonuniversal soft parameters in the brane world and the flavor problem in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kyae, Bumseok; Shafi, Qaisar

    2002-01-01

    We consider gravity mediated supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking in 5D spacetime with two 4D branes B1 and B2 separated in the extra dimension. Using an off-shell 5D supergravity (SUGRA) formalism, we argue that the SUSY breaking scales could be nonuniversal even at the fundamental scale in a brane world setting, since SUSY breaking effects could be effectively localized. As an application, we suggest a model in which the two light chiral minimal supersymmetric standard model generations reside on B1, while the third generation is located on B2, and the Higgs multiplets as well as gravity and gauge multiplets reside in the bulk. For SUSY breaking of the order of 10-20 TeV caused by a hidden sector localized at B1, the scalars belonging to the first two generations can become sufficiently heavy to overcome the SUSY flavor problem. SUSY breaking on B2 from a different localized hidden sector gives rise to the third generation soft scalar masses of the order of 1 TeV. Gaugino masses are also of the order of 1 TeV if the size of the extra dimension is ∼10 -16 GeV -1 . As in 4D effective supersymmetric theory, an adjustment of TeV scale parameters is needed to realize the 100 GeV electroweak symmetry breaking scale

  20. Particle physics models of inflation in supergravity and grand unification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kostka, Philipp Manuel

    2010-01-01

    In the first part of this thesis, we study classes of hybrid and chaotic inflation models in four-dimensional N=1 supergravity. Therein, the η-problem can be resolved relying on fundamental symmetries in the Kaehler potential. Concretely, we investigate explicit realizations of superpotentials, in which the flatness of the inflaton potential is protected at tree level by a shift symmetry or a Heisenberg symmetry in the Kaehler potential. In the latter case, the associated modulus field can be stabilized during inflation by supergravity effects. In the context of hybrid inflation, a novel class of models, to which we refer as ''tribrid inflation,'' turns out to be particularly compatible with such symmetry solutions to the η-problem. Radiative corrections due to operators in the superpotential, which break the respective symmetry, generate the required small slope of the inflaton potential. Additional effective operators in the Kaehler potential can reduce the predicted spectral index so that it agrees with latest observational data. Within a model of chaotic inflation in supergravity with a quadratic potential, we apply the Heisenberg symmetry to allow for viable inflation with super-Planckian field values, while the associated modulus is stabilized. We show that radiative corrections are negligible in this context. In the second part, the tribrid inflation models are extended to realize gauge non-singlet inflation. This is applied to the matter sector of supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories based on the Pati-Salam gauge group. For the specific scenario in which the right-handed sneutrino is the inflaton, we study the scalar potential in a D-flat valley. We show that despite potentially dangerous two-loop corrections, the required flatness of the potential can be maintained. The reason for this is the strong suppression of gauge interactions of the inflaton field due to its symmetry breaking vacuum expectation value. In addition, the production of stable

  1. Particle physics models of inflation in supergravity and grand unification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kostka, Philipp Manuel

    2010-12-03

    In the first part of this thesis, we study classes of hybrid and chaotic inflation models in four-dimensional N=1 supergravity. Therein, the {eta}-problem can be resolved relying on fundamental symmetries in the Kaehler potential. Concretely, we investigate explicit realizations of superpotentials, in which the flatness of the inflaton potential is protected at tree level by a shift symmetry or a Heisenberg symmetry in the Kaehler potential. In the latter case, the associated modulus field can be stabilized during inflation by supergravity effects. In the context of hybrid inflation, a novel class of models, to which we refer as ''tribrid inflation,'' turns out to be particularly compatible with such symmetry solutions to the {eta}-problem. Radiative corrections due to operators in the superpotential, which break the respective symmetry, generate the required small slope of the inflaton potential. Additional effective operators in the Kaehler potential can reduce the predicted spectral index so that it agrees with latest observational data. Within a model of chaotic inflation in supergravity with a quadratic potential, we apply the Heisenberg symmetry to allow for viable inflation with super-Planckian field values, while the associated modulus is stabilized. We show that radiative corrections are negligible in this context. In the second part, the tribrid inflation models are extended to realize gauge non-singlet inflation. This is applied to the matter sector of supersymmetric Grand Unified Theories based on the Pati-Salam gauge group. For the specific scenario in which the right-handed sneutrino is the inflaton, we study the scalar potential in a D-flat valley. We show that despite potentially dangerous two-loop corrections, the required flatness of the potential can be maintained. The reason for this is the strong suppression of gauge interactions of the inflaton field due to its symmetry breaking vacuum expectation value. In addition, the

  2. Mean shear flows, zonal flows, and generalized Kelvin-Helmholtz modes in drift wave turbulence: A minimal model for L→H transition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Eun-jin; Diamond, P.H.

    2003-01-01

    The dynamics of and an interplay among structures (mean shear flows, zonal flows, and generalized Kelvin-Helmholtz modes) are studied in drift wave turbulence. Mean shear flows are found to inhibit the nonlinear generation of zonal flows by weakening the coherent modulation response of the drift wave spectrum. Based on this result, a minimal model for the L→H (low- to high-confinement) transition is proposed, which involves the amplitude of drift waves, zonal flows, and the density gradient. A transition to quiescent H-mode sets in as the profile becomes sufficiently steep to completely damp out drift waves, following an oscillatory transition phase where zonal flows regulate drift wave turbulence. The different roles of mean flows and zonal flows are elucidated. Finally, the effect of poloidally nonaxisymmetric structures (generalized Kelvin-Helmholtz mode) on anomalous transport is investigated, especially in reference to damping of collisionless zonal flows. Results indicate that nonlinear excitation of this structure can be potentially important in enhancing anomalous transport as well as in damping zonal flows

  3. Generalized gravity from modified DFT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sakatani, Yuho; Uehara, Shozo; Yoshida, Kentaroh

    2017-01-01

    Recently, generalized equations of type IIB supergravity have been derived from the requirement of classical kappa-symmetry of type IIB superstring theory in the Green-Schwarz formulation. These equations are covariant under generalized T-duality transformations and hence one may expect a formulation similar to double field theory (DFT). In this paper, we consider a modification of the DFT equations of motion by relaxing a condition for the generalized covariant derivative with an extra generalized vector. In this modified double field theory (mDFT), we show that the flatness condition of the modified generalized Ricci tensor leads to the NS-NS part of the generalized equations of type IIB supergravity. In particular, the extra vector fields appearing in the generalized equations correspond to the extra generalized vector in mDFT. We also discuss duality symmetries and a modification of the string charge in mDFT.

  4. Generalized gravity from modified DFT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakatani, Yuho [Department of Physics, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine,Kyoto 606-0823 (Japan); Fields, Gravity and Strings, CTPU,Institute for Basic Sciences, Daejeon 34047 (Korea, Republic of); Uehara, Shozo [Department of Physics, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine,Kyoto 606-0823 (Japan); Yoshida, Kentaroh [Department of Physics, Kyoto University,Kitashirakawa Oiwake-cho, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

    2017-04-20

    Recently, generalized equations of type IIB supergravity have been derived from the requirement of classical kappa-symmetry of type IIB superstring theory in the Green-Schwarz formulation. These equations are covariant under generalized T-duality transformations and hence one may expect a formulation similar to double field theory (DFT). In this paper, we consider a modification of the DFT equations of motion by relaxing a condition for the generalized covariant derivative with an extra generalized vector. In this modified double field theory (mDFT), we show that the flatness condition of the modified generalized Ricci tensor leads to the NS-NS part of the generalized equations of type IIB supergravity. In particular, the extra vector fields appearing in the generalized equations correspond to the extra generalized vector in mDFT. We also discuss duality symmetries and a modification of the string charge in mDFT.

  5. French general practitioners' attitudes and reported practices in relation to their participation and effectiveness in a minimal smoking cessation programme for patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slama, K; Karsenty, S; Hirsch, A

    1999-01-01

    To examine the participation and effectiveness of GPs in offering a minimal smoking cessation intervention according to attitudinal and reported behaviour variables. General practitioners were surveyed about their practices and attitudes and then matched pairs of smoking and non-smoking doctors were invited to participate in a regional smoking cessation intervention. The relationship of survey responses and the degree of participation and effectiveness in a smoking cessation trial was examined. Primary care doctors in a large region of southern France, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA). Two thousand, eight hundred and sixty GPs from the PACA region in France were interviewed about their attitudes and behaviours. From among 371 smoking GPs and 375 non-smoking GPs invited to take part in a smoking cessation trial with patients, 170 smokers and 202 non-smokers participated. The GPs' attitudes and reported professional and personal practices were assessed in a telephone interview. These responses were compared with the GPs' participation in the cessation trial, and with GP "success" (1 or more patients stopping smoking at 1 month, 12 months or both) or "non-success" (no patient cessation at 1 month or at 12 months). A significantly lower proportion of smokers than non-smokers among the GPs who initially accepted did not participate in the study (45% vs. 54.1%, chi 2 = 5.147 df = 1, p attitudes and the extent of their participation or effectiveness. The study results indicate that, when minimal advice has an effect, it is due more to the systematic nature of the provision of the intervention than to the attitudes or reported practices of the practitioner providing the advice.

  6. Eleven-dimensional supergravity from filtered subdeformations of the Poincaré superalgebra

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Figueroa-O’Farrill, José; Santi, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    We summarise recent results concerning the classification of filtered deformations of graded subalgebras of the Poincaré superalgebra in eleven dimensions, highlighting what could be considered a novel Lie-algebraic derivation of eleven-dimensional supergravity. (paper)

  7. Deformed N = 8 supergravity from IIA strings and its Chern-Simons duals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guarino, Adolfo [Nikhef Theory Group, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Jafferis, Daniel L. [Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (United States); Varela, Oscar [Center for the Fundamental Laws of Nature, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA (United States); Centre de Physique Theorique, Ecole Polytechnique, CNRS UMR 7644, Palaiseau (France)

    2016-04-15

    Do electric/magnetic deformations of N = 8 supergravity enjoy a string/M-theory origin, or are they just a fourdimensional artefact? We address this question for the gauging of a group closely related to SO(8): its contraction ISO(7). We argue that the deformed ISO(7) supergravity arises from consistent truncation of massive IIA supergravity on S{sup 6}, and its electric/magnetic deformation parameter descends directly from the Romans mass. The critical points of the supergravity uplift to AdS{sub 4} massive type IIA vacua and the corresponding CFT{sub 3} duals are identified as super-Chern-Simons-matter theories with gauge group SU(N) and level k given also by the Romans mass. (copyright 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  8. Annecy meeting on supersymmetry and supergravity at LAPP, Jannary 10-12, 1983

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sorba, P.; Stora, R.

    1983-01-01

    A collection of brief summaries of the talks delivered during the meeting is presented. This gives a good idea of what is going on. The contributions have been gathered under four titles: supersymmetry, supersymmetric guts, phenomenology of supersymmetry, supergravity

  9. BPS-kink and more global solutions of the Chern-Simons (super)gravity term

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grumiller, D.

    2004-01-01

    We study the supersymmetry of the Kaluza-Klein reduced gravitational Chern-Simons term in two dimensions and propose supergravity transformations that allow for some supersymmetry of the kink solution. (author)

  10. Effectiveness of a Minimal Intervention for Stress-related mental disorders with Sick leave (MISS; study protocol of a cluster randomised controlled trial in general practice [ISRCTN43779641

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Marwijk Harm WJ

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The main aims of this paper are to describe the setting and design of a Minimal Intervention in general practice for Stress-related mental disorders in patients on Sick leave (MISS, as well as to ascertain the study complies with the requirements for a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT. The potential adverse consequences of sick leave due to Stress-related Mental Disorders (SMDs are extensive, but often not recognised. Since most people having SMDs with sick leave consult their general practitioner (GP at an early stage, a tailored intervention given by GPs is justified. We provide a detailed description of the MISS; that is more accurate assessment, education, advice and monitoring to treat SMDs in patients on sick leave. Our hypothesis is that the MISS will be more effective compared to the usual care, in reducing days of sick leave of these patients. Methods The design is a pragmatic RCT. Randomisation is at the level of GPs. They received the MISS-training versus no training, in order to compare the MISS vs. usual care at patient level. Enrolment of patients took place after screening in the source population, that comprised 20–60 year old primary care attendees. Inclusion criteria were: moderately elevated distress levels, having a paid job and sick leave for no longer than three months. There is a one year follow up. The primary outcome measure is lasting full return to work. Reduction of SMD- symptoms is one of the secondary outcome measures. Forty-six GPs and 433 patients agreed to participate. Discussion In our study design, attention is given to the practical application of the requirements for a pragmatic trial. The results of this cluster RCT will add to the evidence about treatment options in general practice for SMDs in patients on sick leave, and might contribute to a new and appropriate guideline. These results will be available at the end of 2006.

  11. Fermion loops in the effective potential of N = 1 supergravity, with application to no-scale models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Burton, J.W.

    1990-01-01

    Powerful and quite general arguments suggest that N = 1 supergravity, and in particular the superstring-inspired no-scale models, may describe the physics of the four-dimensional vacuum at energy densities below the Planck scale. These models are not renormalizable, since they arise as effective theories after the large masses have been integrated out of the fundamental theory; thus, they have divergences in their loop amplitudes that must be regulated by imposing a cutoff. Before physics at experimental energies can be extracted from these models, the true vacuum state or states must be identified: at tree level, the ground states of the effective theories are highly degenerate. Radiative corrections at the one-loop level have been shown to break the degeneracy sufficiently to identify the states of vanishing vacuum energy. As the concluding step in a program to calculate these corrections within a self-consistent cutoff prescription, all fermionic one-loop divergent corrections to the scalar effective potential are evaluated. (The corresponding bosonic contributions have been found elsewhere.) The total effective scalar Lagrange density for N = 1 supergravity is written down, and comments are made about cancellations between the fermionic and bosonic loops. Finally, the result is specialized to a toy no-scale model with a single generation of matter fields, and prospects for eventual phenomenological constraints on theories of this type are briefly discussed. 48 refs

  12. Universal contributions to scalar masses from five dimensional supergravity

    CERN Document Server

    Dudas, Emilian

    2012-01-01

    We compute the effective Kahler potential for matter fields in warped compactifications, starting from five dimensional gauged supergravity, as a function of the matter fields localization. We show that truncation to zero modes is inconsistent and the tree-level exchange of the massive gravitational multiplet is needed for consistency of the four-dimensional theory. In addition to the standard Kahler coming from dimensional reduction, we find the quartic correction coming from integrating out the gravity multiplet. We apply our result to the computation of scalar masses, by assuming that the SUSY breaking field is a bulk hypermultiplet. In the limit of extreme opposite localization of the matter and the spurion fields, we find zero scalar masses, consistent with sequestering arguments. Surprisingly enough, for all the other cases the scalar masses are tachyonic. This suggests the holographic interpretation that a CFT sector always generates operators contributing in a tachyonic way to scalar masses. Viability...

  13. 2D supergravity and its connection to integrable models

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arnaudov, L.N.; Prodanov, E.M.; Rashkov, R.C.

    1993-05-01

    In the recent work two different approaches for obtaining the covariant W 2 -action of 2-d quantum supergravity are considered. The first one is based on Hamiltonian reduction of flat Osp(2/1) connection in holomorphic polarization. Adding extra degrees of freedom with the help of gauging procedure the W 2 -action and the superconformal identities are obtained. It is shown that the super Virasoro transformations preserve the form of the Lax connection and therefore are symmetries of the sKdV equations. In the second approach starting with Chern-Simons theory and using non-canonical polarization the zero-curvature condition entails the same results. (author). 7 refs

  14. On the stability of non-supersymmetric supergravity solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imaanpur, Ali; Zameni, Razieh

    2017-09-01

    We examine the stability of some non-supersymmetric supergravity solutions that have been found recently. The first solution is AdS5 ×M6, for M6 an stretched CP3. We consider breathing and squashing mode deformations of the metric, and find that the solution is stable against small fluctuations of this kind. Next we consider type IIB solution of AdS2 ×M8, where the compact space is a U (1) bundle over N (1 , 1). We study its stability under the deformation of M8 and the 5-form flux. In this case we also find that the solution is stable under small fluctuation modes of the corresponding deformations.

  15. On the stability of non-supersymmetric supergravity solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Imaanpur

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available We examine the stability of some non-supersymmetric supergravity solutions that have been found recently. The first solution is AdS5×M6, for M6 an stretched CP3. We consider breathing and squashing mode deformations of the metric, and find that the solution is stable against small fluctuations of this kind. Next we consider type IIB solution of AdS2×M8, where the compact space is a U(1 bundle over N(1,1. We study its stability under the deformation of M8 and the 5-form flux. In this case we also find that the solution is stable under small fluctuation modes of the corresponding deformations.

  16. Confronting hybrid inflation in supergravity with CMB data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jeannerot, Rachel; Postma, Marieke

    2005-01-01

    F-term GUT inflation coupled to N = 1 supergravity is confronted with CMB data. Corrections to the string mass-per-unit-length away from the Bogomolny limit are taken into account. We find that a superpotential coupling 10 -7 /N∼ -2 /N, with N the dimension of the Higgs-representation, is still compatible with the data. The parameter space is enlarged in warm inflation, as well as in the curvaton and inhomogeneous reheat scenario. F-strings formed at the end of P-term inflation are also considered. Because these strings satisfy the Bogomolny bound the bounds are stronger: the gauge coupling is constrained to the range 10 -7 -4

  17. CERN Winter School on Supergravity, Strings, and Gauge Theory 2010

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2010-01-01

    The CERN Winter School on Supergravity, Strings, and Gauge Theory is the analytic continuation of the yearly training school of the former EC-RTN string network "Constituents, Fundamental Forces and Symmetries of the Universe". The 2010 edition of the school is supported and organized by the CERN Theory Divison, and will take place from Monday January 25 to Friday January 29, at CERN. As its predecessors, this school is meant primarily for training of doctoral students and young postdoctoral researchers in recent developments in theoretical high-energy physics and string theory. The programme of the school will consist of five series of pedagogical lectures, complemented by tutorial discussion sessions in the afternoons. Previous schools in this series were organized in 2005 at SISSA in Trieste, and in 2006, 2007, 2008, and 2009 at CERN, Geneva. Other similar schools have been organized in the past by the former related RTN network "The Quantum Structure of Spacetime and the Geometric Nature of Fundamenta...

  18. The supergravity fields for a D-brane with a travelling wave from string amplitudes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Black, William; Russo, Rodolfo; Turton, David

    2010-01-01

    We calculate the supergravity fields sourced by a D-brane with a null travelling wave from disk amplitudes in type IIB string theory compactified on T 4 xS 1 . The amplitudes reproduce all the non-trivial features of the previously known two-charge supergravity solutions in the D-brane/momentum duality frame, providing a direct link between the microscopic bound states and their macroscopic descriptions.

  19. Impacts of supersymmetric higher derivative terms on inflation models in supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aoki, Shuntaro; Yamada, Yusuke

    2015-01-01

    We show the effects of supersymmetric higher derivative terms on inflation models in supergravity. The results show that such terms generically modify the effective kinetic coefficient of the inflaton during inflation if the cut off scale of the higher derivative operators is sufficiently small. In such a case, the η-problem in supergravity does not occur, and we find that the effective potential of the inflaton generically becomes a power type potential with a power smaller than two

  20. R-current six-point correlators in AdS5 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bartels, J.; Kotanski, J.; Mischler, A.M.

    2009-12-01

    Within the conjectured duality between N=4 super Yang-Mills and Anti-deSitter string theory, the BFKL Pomeron of the gauge theory corresponds to the graviton mode of the dual string. As a first step towards analyzing multigraviton exchange, we investigate R-current six-point functions within the supergravity approximation. We compute the analogue of diffractive scattering, and we analyze the triple Regge limit. In the supergravity approximation the triple graviton vertex is found to vanish. (orig.)

  1. Scattering amplitudes in N=2 Maxwell-Einstein and Yang-Mills/Einstein supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chiodaroli, Marco; Günaydin, Murat; Johansson, Henrik; Roiban, Radu

    2015-01-01

    We expose a double-copy structure in the scattering amplitudes of the generic Jordan family of N=2 Maxwell-Einstein and Yang-Mills/Einstein supergravity theories in four and five dimensions. The Maxwell-Einstein supergravity amplitudes are obtained through the color/kinematics duality as a product of two gauge-theory factors; one originating from pure N=2 super-Yang-Mills theory and the other from the dimensional reduction of a bosonic higher-dimensional pure Yang-Mills theory. We identify a specific symplectic frame in four dimensions for which the on-shell fields and amplitudes from the double-copy construction can be identified with the ones obtained from the supergravity Lagrangian and Feynman-rule computations. The Yang-Mills/Einstein supergravity theories are obtained by gauging a compact subgroup of the isometry group of their Maxwell-Einstein counterparts. For the generic Jordan family this process is identified with the introduction of cubic scalar couplings on the bosonic gauge-theory side, which through the double copy are responsible for the non-abelian vector interactions in the supergravity theory. As a demonstration of the power of this structure, we present explicit computations at tree-level and one loop. The double-copy construction allows us to obtain compact expressions for the supergravity superamplitudes, which are naturally organized as polynomials in the gauge coupling constant.

  2. Non-Abelian black holes in D=5 maximal gauged supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cvetic, M.; Lue, H.; Pope, C. N.

    2010-01-01

    We investigate static non-Abelian black hole solutions of anti-de Sitter (AdS) Einstein-Yang-Mills-dilaton gravity, which is obtained as a consistent truncation of five-dimensional maximal gauged supergravity. If the dilaton is (consistently) set to zero, the remaining equations of motion, with a spherically-symmetric ansatz, may be derived from a superpotential. The associated first-order equations admit an explicit solution supported by a non-Abelian SU(2) gauge potential, which has a logarithmically growing mass term. In an extremal limit the horizon geometry becomes AdS 2 xS 3 . If the dilaton is also excited, the equations of motion cannot easily be solved explicitly, but we obtain the asymptotic form of the more general non-Abelian black holes in this case. An alternative consistent truncation, in which the Yang-Mills fields are set to zero, also admits a description in terms of a superpotential. This allows us to construct explicit wormhole solutions (neutral spherically-symmetric domain walls). These solutions may be generalized to dimensions other than five.

  3. The full integration of black hole solutions to symmetric supergravity theories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chemissany, W., E-mail: wissam.chemissany@uleth.c [University of Lethbridge, Physics Department, Lethbridge Alberta, T1K 3M4 (Canada); Rosseel, J., E-mail: rosseel@to.infn.i [Dipartimento di Fisica Teorica, Universita di Torino and INFN-Sezione di Torino, Via P. Giuria 1, I-10125 Torino (Italy); Trigiante, M., E-mail: mario.trigiante@polito.i [Dipartimento di Fisica Politecnico di Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi, 24, I-10129 Torino (Italy); Van Riet, T., E-mail: thomas.vanriet@fysast.uu.s [Institutionen foer Fysik och Astronomi, Box 803, SE-751 08 Uppsala (Sweden)

    2010-05-11

    We prove that all stationary and spherical symmetric black hole solutions to theories with symmetric target spaces are integrable and we provide an explicit integration method. This exact integration is based on the description of black hole solutions as geodesic curves on the moduli space of the theory when reduced over the time-like direction. These geodesic equations of motion can be rewritten as a specific Lax pair equation for which mathematicians have provided the integration algorithms when the initial conditions are described by a diagonalizable Lax matrix. On the other hand, solutions described by nilpotent Lax matrices, which originate from extremal regular (small) D=4 black holes can be obtained as suitable limits of solutions obtained in the diagonalizable case, as we show on the generating geodesic (i.e. most general geodesic modulo global symmetries of the D=3 model) corresponding to regular (and small) D=4 black holes. As a byproduct of our analysis we give the explicit form of the 'Wick rotation' connecting the orbits of BPS and non-BPS solutions in maximally supersymmetric supergravity and its STU truncation.

  4. Kicking the rugby ball: perturbations of 6D gauged chiral supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, C. P.; de Rham, C.; Hoover, D.; Mason, D.; Tolley, A. J.

    2007-02-01

    We analyse the axially symmetric scalar perturbations of 6D chiral gauged supergravity compactified on the general warped geometries in the presence of two source branes. We find that all of the conical geometries are marginally stable for normalizable perturbations (in disagreement with some recent calculations) and the non-conical ones for regular perturbations, even though none of them are supersymmetric (apart from the trivial Salam Sezgin solution, for which there are no source branes). The marginal direction is the one whose presence is required by the classical scaling property of the field equations, and all other modes have positive squared mass. In the special case of the conical solutions, including (but not restricted to) the unwarped 'rugby-ball' solutions, we find closed-form expressions for the mode functions in terms of Legendre and hypergeometric functions. In so doing we show how to match the asymptotic near-brane form for the solution to the physics of the source branes, and thereby how to physically interpret perturbations which can be singular at the brane positions.

  5. Minimal and careful processing

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen, Thorkild

    2004-01-01

    In several standards, guidelines and publications, organic food processing is strongly associated with "minimal processing" and "careful processing". The term "minimal processing" is nowadays often used in the general food processing industry and described in literature. The term "careful processing" is used more specifically within organic food processing but is not yet clearly defined. The concept of carefulness seems to fit very well with the processing of organic foods, especially if it i...

  6. Low energy implications of minimal superstring unification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khalil, S.; Vissani, F.; Masiero, A.

    1995-11-01

    We study the phenomenological implications of effective supergravities based on string vacua with spontaneously broken N =1 supersymmetry by dilation and moduli F-terms. We further require Minimal String Unification, namely that large string threshold corrections ensure the correct unification of the gauge couplings at the grand unification scale. The whole supersymmetric mass spectrum turns out to be determined in terms of only two independent parameters, the dilaton-moduli mixing angle and the gravitino mass. In particular we discuss the region of the parameter space where at least one superpartner is ''visible'' at LEPII. We find that the most likely candidates are the scalar partner of the right-handed electron and the lightest chargino, with interesting correlations between their masses and with the mass of the lightest higgs. We show how discovering SUSY particles at LEPII might rather sharply discriminate between scenarios with pure dilaton SUSY breaking and mixed dilaton-moduli breaking. (author). 10 refs, 7 figs

  7. Taxonomic minimalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beattle, A J; Oliver, I

    1994-12-01

    Biological surveys are in increasing demand while taxonomic resources continue to decline. How much formal taxonomy is required to get the job done? The answer depends on the kind of job but it is possible that taxonomic minimalism, especially (1) the use of higher taxonomic ranks, (2) the use of morphospecies rather than species (as identified by Latin binomials), and (3) the involvement of taxonomic specialists only for training and verification, may offer advantages for biodiversity assessment, environmental monitoring and ecological research. As such, formal taxonomy remains central to the process of biological inventory and survey but resources may be allocated more efficiently. For example, if formal Identification is not required, resources may be concentrated on replication and increasing sample sizes. Taxonomic minimalism may also facilitate the inclusion in these activities of important but neglected groups, especially among the invertebrates, and perhaps even microorganisms. Copyright © 1994. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  8. R4 terms in supergravities via T -duality constraint

    Science.gov (United States)

    Razaghian, Hamid; Garousi, Mohammad R.

    2018-05-01

    It has been speculated in the literature that the effective actions of string theories at any order of α' should be invariant under the Buscher rules plus their higher covariant-derivative corrections. This may be used as a constraint to find effective actions at any order of α', in particular, the metric, the B -field, and the dilaton couplings in supergravities at order α'3 up to an overall factor. For the simple case of zero B -field and diagonal metric in which we have done the calculations explicitly, we have found that the constraint fixes almost all of the seven independent Riemann curvature couplings. There is only one term which is not fixed, because when metric is diagonal, the reduction of two R4 terms becomes identical. The Riemann curvature couplings that the T -duality constraint produces for both type II and heterotic theories are fully consistent with the existing couplings in the literature which have been found by the S-matrix and by the sigma-model approaches.

  9. New phenomena in the standard no-scale supergravity model

    CERN Document Server

    Kelley, S; Nanopoulos, Dimitri V; Zichichi, Antonino; Kelley, S; Lopez, J L; Nanopoulos, D V; Zichichi, A

    1994-01-01

    We revisit the no-scale mechanism in the context of the simplest no-scale supergravity extension of the Standard Model. This model has the usual five-dimensional parameter space plus an additional parameter \\xi_{3/2}\\equiv m_{3/2}/m_{1/2}. We show how predictions of the model may be extracted over the whole parameter space. A necessary condition for the potential to be stable is {\\rm Str}{\\cal M}^4>0, which is satisfied if \\bf m_{3/2}\\lsim2 m_{\\tilde q}. Order of magnitude calculations reveal a no-lose theorem guaranteeing interesting and potentially observable new phenomena in the neutral scalar sector of the theory which would constitute a ``smoking gun'' of the no-scale mechanism. This new phenomenology is model-independent and divides into three scenarios, depending on the ratio of the weak scale to the vev at the minimum of the no-scale direction. We also calculate the residual vacuum energy at the unification scale (C_0\\, m^4_{3/2}), and find that in typical models one must require C_0>10. Such constrai...

  10. Summing up D-instantons in N=2 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ketov, Sergei V.

    2003-01-01

    The non-perturbative quantum geometry of the universal hypermultiplet (UH) is investigated in N=2 supergravity. The UH low-energy effective action is given by the four-dimensional quaternionic non-linear sigma-model having an U(1)xU(1) isometry. The UH metric is governed by the single real pre-potential that is an eigenfunction of the Laplacian in the hyperbolic plane. We calculate the classical pre-potential corresponding to the standard (Ferrara-Sabharwal) metric of the UH arising in the Calabi-Yau compactification of type-II superstrings. The non-perturbative quaternionic metric, describing the D-instanton contributions to the UH geometry, is found by requiring the SL(2,Z) modular invariance of the UH pre-potential. The pre-potential found is unique, while it coincides with the D-instanton function of Green and Gutperle, given by the order-3/2 Eisenstein series. As a by-product, we prove cluster decomposition of D-instantons in curved spacetime. The non-perturbative UH pre-potential interpolates between the perturbative (large CY volume) region and the superconformal (Landau-Ginzburg) region in the UH moduli space. We also calculate a non-perturbative scalar potential in the hyper-Kaehler limit, when an abelian isometry of the UH metric is gauged in the presence of D-instantons

  11. The large N limit of superconformal field theories and supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maldacena, J.

    1999-01-01

    We show that the large N limit of certain conformal field theories in various dimensions include in their Hilbert space a sector describing supergravity on the product of Anti-deSitter spacetimes, spheres and other compact manifolds. This is shown by taking some branes in the full M/string theory and then taking a low energy limit where the field theory on the brane decouples from the bulk. We observe that, in this limit, we can still trust the near horizon geometry for large N. The enhanced supersymmetries of the near horizon geometry correspond to the extra supersymmetry generators present in the superconformal group (as opposed to just the super-Poincare group). The close-quote t Hooft limit of 3+1N=4 super-Yang-Mills at the conformal point is shown to contain strings: they are IIB strings. We conjecture that compactifications of M/string theory on various Anti-deSitter spacetimes is dual to various conformal field theories. This leads to a new proposal for a definition of M-theory which could be extended to include five non-compact dimensions. copyright 1999 American Institute of Physics

  12. N = 1 supercurrents of eleven-dimensional supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Katrin; Becker, Melanie; Butter, Daniel; Linch, William D.

    2018-05-01

    Eleven-dimensional supergravity can be formulated in superspaces locally of the form X × Y where X is 4D N = 1 conformal superspace and Y is an arbitrary 7-manifold admitting a G 2-structure. The eleven-dimensional 3-form and the stable 3-form on Y define the lowest component of a gauge superfield on X × Y that is chiral as a superfield on X. This chiral field is part of a tensor hierarchy giving rise to a superspace Chern-Simons action and its real field strength defines a lifting of the Hitchin functional on Y to the G 2 superspace X × Y . These terms are those of lowest order in a superspace Noether expansion in seven N = 1 conformal gravitino superfields Ψ. In this paper, we compute the O(Ψ) action to all orders in the remaining fields. The eleven-dimensional origin of the resulting non-linear structures is parameterized by the choice of a complex spinor on Y encoding the off-shell 4D N = 1 subalgebra of the eleven-dimensional super-Poincaré algebra.

  13. Summing up D-instantons in N=2 supergravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ketov, Sergei V. E-mail: ketov@phys.metro-u.ac.jp

    2003-01-20

    The non-perturbative quantum geometry of the universal hypermultiplet (UH) is investigated in N=2 supergravity. The UH low-energy effective action is given by the four-dimensional quaternionic non-linear sigma-model having an U(1)xU(1) isometry. The UH metric is governed by the single real pre-potential that is an eigenfunction of the Laplacian in the hyperbolic plane. We calculate the classical pre-potential corresponding to the standard (Ferrara-Sabharwal) metric of the UH arising in the Calabi-Yau compactification of type-II superstrings. The non-perturbative quaternionic metric, describing the D-instanton contributions to the UH geometry, is found by requiring the SL(2,Z) modular invariance of the UH pre-potential. The pre-potential found is unique, while it coincides with the D-instanton function of Green and Gutperle, given by the order-3/2 Eisenstein series. As a by-product, we prove cluster decomposition of D-instantons in curved spacetime. The non-perturbative UH pre-potential interpolates between the perturbative (large CY volume) region and the superconformal (Landau-Ginzburg) region in the UH moduli space. We also calculate a non-perturbative scalar potential in the hyper-Kaehler limit, when an abelian isometry of the UH metric is gauged in the presence of D-instantons.

  14. Supersymmetric Yang-Mills and supergravity amplitudes at one loop

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hall, Anthony

    2009-01-01

    By applying the known expressions for super Yang-Mills (SYM) and supergravity (SUGRA) tree amplitudes, we write generating functions for the next-to-next-to-maximally helicity violating (NNMHV) box coefficients of SYM as well as the maximally helicity violating, next-to-maximally helicity violating, and NNMHV box coefficients for SUGRA. The all-multiplicity generating functions utilize covariant, on-shell superspace whereby the contribution from arbitrary external states in the supermultiplet can be extracted by Grassmann operators. In support of the relation between dual-Wilson loops and SYM scattering amplitudes at weak coupling, the SYM amplitudes are presented in a manifestly dual superconformal form. We introduce ordered box coefficients for calculating SUGRA quadruple cuts and prove that ordered coefficients generate physical cut amplitudes after summing over permutations of the external legs. The ordered box coefficients are produced by sewing ordered subamplitudes, previously used in applying on-shell recursion relations at tree level. We describe our verification of the results against the literature, and a formula for extracting the contributions from external gluons or gravitons to NNMHV superamplitudes is presented.

  15. On $R^4$ terms and MHV amplitudes in N = 5,6 supergravity vacua of Type II superstrings

    CERN Document Server

    Bianchi, Massimo

    2011-01-01

    We compute one-loop threshold corrections to $R^4$ terms in N= 5,6 supergravity vacua of Type II superstrings. We then discuss non-perturbative corrections generated by asymmetric D-brane instantons. Finally we derive generating functions for MHV amplitudes at tree level in N = 5, 6 supergravities.

  16. Anti-D3 branes and moduli in non-linear supergravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia del Moral, Maria P.; Parameswaran, Susha; Quiroz, Norma; Zavala, Ivonne

    2017-10-01

    Anti-D3 branes and non-perturbative effects in flux compactifications spontaneously break supersymmetry and stabilise moduli in a metastable de Sitter vacua. The low energy 4D effective field theory description for such models would be a supergravity theory with non-linearly realised supersymmetry. Guided by string theory modular symmetry, we compute this non-linear supergravity theory, including dependence on all bulk moduli. Using either a constrained chiral superfield or a constrained vector field, the uplifting contribution to the scalar potential from the anti-D3 brane can be parameterised either as an F-term or Fayet-Iliopoulos D-term. Using again the modular symmetry, we show that 4D non-linear supergravities that descend from string theory have an enhanced protection from quantum corrections by non-renormalisation theorems. The superpotential giving rise to metastable de Sitter vacua is robust against perturbative string-loop and α' corrections.

  17. Kac-Moody symmetries of ten-dimensional non-maximal supergravity theories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schnakenburg, Igor; West, Peter

    2004-01-01

    A description of the bosonic sector of ten-dimensional N=1 supergravity as a non-linear realisation is given. We show that if a suitable extension of this theory were invariant under a Kac-Moody algebra, then this algebra would have to contain a rank eleven Kac-Moody algebra, that can be identified to be a particular real form of very-extended D 8 . We also describe the extension of N=1 supergravity coupled to an abelian vector gauge field as a non-linear realisation, and find the Kac-Moody algebra governing the symmetries of this theory to be very-extended B 8 . Finally, we discuss the related points for the N=1 supergravity coupled to an arbitrary number of abelian vector gauge fields. (author)

  18. Super-BMS{sub 3} algebras from N=2 flat supergravities

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lodato, Ivano [Indian Institute of Science Education and Research,Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune 411 008 (India); Merbis, Wout [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Vienna University of Technology,Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8-10/136, A-1040 Vienna (Austria)

    2016-11-24

    We consider two possible flat space limits of three dimensional N=(1,1) AdS supergravity. They differ by how the supercharges are scaled with the AdS radius ℓ: the first limit (democratic) leads to the usual super-Poincaré theory, while a novel ‘twisted’ theory of supergravity stems from the second (despotic) limit. We then propose boundary conditions such that the asymptotic symmetry algebras at null infinity correspond to supersymmetric extensions of the BMS algebras previously derived in connection to non- and ultra-relativistic limits of the N=(1,1) Virasoro algebra in two dimensions. Finally, we study the supersymmetric energy bounds and find the explicit form of the asymptotic and global Killing spinors of supersymmetric solutions in both flat space supergravity theories.

  19. Testing theories of gravity and supergravity with inflation and observations of the cosmic microwave background

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakravarty, G. K.; Mohanty, S.; Lambiase, G.

    Cosmological and astrophysical observations lead to the emerging picture of a universe that is spatially flat and presently undertaking an accelerated expansion. The observations supporting this picture come from a range of measurements encompassing estimates of galaxy cluster masses, the Hubble diagram derived from type-Ia supernovae observations, the measurements of Cosmic Microwave Background radiation anisotropies, etc. The present accelerated expansion of the universe can be explained by admitting the existence of a cosmic fluid, with negative pressure. In the simplest scenario, this unknown component of the universe, the Dark Energy, is represented by the cosmological constant (Λ), and accounts for about 70% of the global energy budget of the universe. The remaining 30% consist of a small fraction of baryons (4%) with the rest being Cold Dark Matter (CDM). The Lambda Cold Dark Matter (ΛCDM) model, i.e. General Relativity with cosmological constant, is in good agreement with observations. It can be assumed as the first step towards a new standard cosmological model. However, despite the satisfying agreement with observations, the ΛCDM model presents lack of congruence and shortcomings and therefore theories beyond Einstein’s General Relativity are called for. Many extensions of Einstein’s theory of gravity have been studied and proposed with various motivations like the quest for a quantum theory of gravity to extensions of anomalies in observations at the solar system, galactic and cosmological scales. These extensions include adding higher powers of Ricci curvature R, coupling the Ricci curvature with scalar fields and generalized functions of R. In addition, when viewed from the perspective of Supergravity (SUGRA), many of these theories may originate from the same SUGRA theory, but interpreted in different frames. SUGRA therefore serves as a good framework for organizing and generalizing theories of gravity beyond General Relativity. All these

  20. Supergravity one-loop corrections on AdS7 and AdS3, higher spins and AdS/CFT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Beccaria

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available As was shown earlier, the one-loop correction in 10d supergravity on AdS5×S5 corresponds to the contributions to the vacuum energy and 4d boundary conformal anomaly which are minus the values for one N=4 Maxwell supermultiplet, thus reproducing the subleading term in the N2−1 coefficient in the dual SU(N SYM theory. We perform similar one-loop computations in 11d supergravity on AdS7×S4 and 10d supergravity on AdS3×S3×T4. In the AdS7 case we find that the corrections to the 6d conformal anomaly a-coefficient and the vacuum energy are again minus the ones for one (2,0 tensor multiplet, suggesting that the total a-anomaly coefficient for the dual (2,0 theory is 4N3−9/4N−7/4 and thus vanishes for N=1. In the AdS3 case the one-loop correction to the vacuum energy or 2d central charge turns out to be equal to that of one free (4,4 scalar multiplet, i.e. is c=+6. This reproduces the subleading term in the central charge c=6(Q1Q5+1 of the dual 2d CFT describing decoupling limit of D5–D1 system. We also present the expressions for the 6d a-anomaly coefficient and vacuum energy contributions of general-symmetry higher spin field in AdS7 and consider their application to tests of vectorial AdS/CFT with the boundary conformal 6d theory represented by free scalars, spinors or rank-2 antisymmetric tensors.