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Sample records for general motors corporation

  1. Research in the General Motors Corporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muench, Nils L.

    1981-01-01

    In GM, research responds to the issues facing the auto industry: energy, air quality, safety and competition. To ensure that research is effective, GM does not isolate fundamental from applied research, and individual researchers are encouraged to understand the Corporation in their areas of expertise. Most research projects are initiated ''bottom-up.' Physics research is conducted primarily within the Physics Department of the General Motors Research Laboratories. However, physicists also work elsewhere on challenging research, and examples of this are given.

  2. 75 FR 49527 - General Motors Company Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Willow Run Transmission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-13

    ..., Willow Run Transmission Plant Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek; Ypsilanti, MI; Amended... General Motors Company, formerly known as General Motors Corporation, Willow Run Transmission Plant... location of General Motors Company, formerly known as General Motors Corporation, Willow Run...

  3. Research in the General Motors Corporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muench, N.L.

    1981-01-01

    In GM, research responds to the issues facing the auto industry: energy, air quality, safety and competition. To ensure that research is effective, GM does not isolate fundamental from applied research, and individual researchers are encouraged to understand the Corporation in their areas of expertise. Most research projects are initiated ''bottom-up.' Physics research is conducted primarily within the Physics Department of the General Motors Research Laboratories. However, physicists also work elsewhere on challenging research, and examples of this are given.

  4. 76 FR 179 - General Motors Company, Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Willow Run Transmission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ... Corporation, Willow Run Transmission Plant, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek, Securitas, Knight..., formerly known as General Motors Corporation, Willow Run Transmission Plant, Ypsilanti, Michigan. The... known as General Motors Corporation, Willow Run Transmission Plant. The Department has determined...

  5. 76 FR 10396 - New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc., Formerly a Joint Venture of General Motors Corporation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... General Motors Corporation and Toyota Motor Corporation, Including On- Site Leased Workers From Corestaff, ABM Janitorial, Toyota Engineering and Manufacturing North America, NPA Coatings, Inc., Premier... of General Motors Corporation and Toyota Motor Corporation, including on-site leased workers...

  6. 75 FR 47632 - New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc., Formerly a Joint Venture of General Motors Corporation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... General Motors Corporation and Toyota Motor Corporation, Including On- Site Leased Workers From Corestaff, ABM Janitorial, Toyota Engineering and Manufacturing North America, NPA Coatings, Inc., and Premier... Motor Manufacturing, Inc., formerly a joint venture of General Motors Corporation and Toyota...

  7. 76 FR 21035 - General Motors Vehicle Manufacturing, Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Shreveport...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Vehicle Manufacturing, Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Shreveport Assembly Plant, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek, Kelly Services and Voith Industrial Services, Inc., Formerly...

  8. 75 FR 77666 - General Motors Company, Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Technical Center, Including...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Company, Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Technical Center, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek, Bartech Group, CDI Professional Services, EDS/HP Enterprise Services, Engineering...

  9. 77 FR 6587 - General Motors Vehicle Manufacturing, Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Shreveport...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Vehicle Manufacturing, Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Shreveport Assembly Plant, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek, Kelly Services and Voith Industrial Services, Inc., Formerly...

  10. 76 FR 4726 - General Motors Company Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation Technical Center Including On...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Company Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation Technical Center Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek, Bartech Group, CDI Professional Services, EDS/HP Enterprise Services, Engineering Labs...

  11. 75 FR 54388 - General Motors Company Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Orion Assembly Plant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-07

    ..., Orion Assembly Plant Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek Automotive Lake Orion, MI; Amended... of General Motors Company, formerly known as General Motors Corporation, Orion Assembly Plant, Lake Orion, Michigan. The notice was published in the Federal Register on April 23, 2010 (75 FR 21355)....

  12. 75 FR 28656 - New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc., Formerly a Joint Venture of General Motors Corporation, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-21

    ... General Motors Corporation, and Toyota Motor Corporation, Including On- Site Leased Workers From Corestaff, ABM Janitorial, and Toyota Engineering and Manufacturing North America, Fremont, CA; Amended... and Toyota Motor Corporation, including on-site leased workers from Corestaff and ABM...

  13. 75 FR 62424 - New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc. Formerly a Joint Venture of General Motors Corporation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-08

    ... United Motor Manufacturing, Inc. Formerly a Joint Venture of General Motors Corporation and Toyota Motor Corporation Including On- Site Leased Workers From Corestaff, ABM Janitorial, Toyota Engineering and... Motor Manufacturing, Inc., formerly a joint venture of General Motors Corporation and Toyota...

  14. 75 FR 39045 - New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc., Formerly a Joint Venture of General Motors Corporation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-07

    ... General Motors Corporation and Toyota Motor Corporation, Including On- Site Leased Workers From Corestaff, ABM Janitorial, Toyota Engineering and Manufacturing North America, and NPA Coatings, Inc., and On... Manufacturing, Inc., formerly a joint ] venture of General Motors Corporation and Toyota Motor...

  15. 75 FR 55613 - General Motors Corporation, Renaissance Center, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Accretive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-13

    ... Employment and Training Administration General Motors Corporation, Renaissance Center, Including On-Site... of General Motors Corporation, Renaissance Center, including on-site leased workers from Accretive... location of General Motors Corporation, Renaissance Center. The Department has determined that on-site...

  16. 75 FR 26794 - New United Motor Manufacturing, Inc., Formerly a Joint Venture of General Motors Corporation and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ... Motor Manufacturing, Inc., Formerly a Joint Venture of General Motors Corporation and Toyota Motor... and Toyota Motor Corporation, including on-site leased workers from Corestaff, Fremont, California... assemble the Toyota Corolla and the Toyota Tacoma and used to assemble the Pontiac Vibe. The...

  17. 75 FR 76038 - General Motors Company Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation Willow Run Transmission Plant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-07

    ... Willow Run Transmission Plant Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek, Securitas, Knight Management... Corporation, Willow Run Transmission Plant, Ypsilanti, Michigan. The notice was published in the Federal... Motors Corporation, Willow Run Transmission Plant. The Department has determined that on-site...

  18. 75 FR 70963 - General Motors Corporation, Receipt of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration General Motors Corporation, Receipt of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance General Motors Corporation (GM),\\1\\ has determined that approximately 1,113 Model Year (MY) 2011 Buick Rega...

  19. 75 FR 70962 - General Motors Corporation, Grant of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration General Motors Corporation, Grant of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance General Motors Corporation (GM) has determined that certain Model Year 2009 Chevrolet Cobalt and Pontiac G5...

  20. 75 FR 67770 - General Motors Company, Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Orion Assembly Plant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-03

    ..., Orion Assembly Plant, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek Automotive, Ryder and Premier Manufacturing Support Services, Lake Orion, MI; Amended Certification Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker... Motors Corporation, Orion Assembly Plant, Lake Orion, Michigan. The notice was published in the...

  1. 75 FR 41521 - Delphi Corporation, Automotive Holding Group, Plant 6, Currently Known as General Motors...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration Delphi Corporation, Automotive Holding Group, Plant 6, Currently Known as General Motors Corporation Including On-Site Leased Workers From Securitas, EDS, Bartech, Mays Chemicals, Interim Physicians, LLC and HSS...

  2. 76 FR 13666 - General Motors Corporation; Powertrain Flint North; Including On-Site Leased Workers From Allegis...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Corporation; Powertrain Flint North; Including On- Site Leased Workers From Allegis Group Services, Securitas, Knight Management and URS Corporation, Flint, MI; Amended Certification Regarding Eligibilit...

  3. 75 FR 76038 - General Motors Corporation, Powertrain Flint North, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Allegis...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Corporation, Powertrain Flint North, Including On- Site Leased Workers From Allegis Group Services, Securitas and Knight Management, Flint, MI; Amended Certification Regarding Eligibility To Apply for...

  4. 75 FR 72801 - Reissuance of the Subzone Grant of Authority for Subzone 70M, General Motors Corporation, Lansing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Foreign-Trade Zones Board Reissuance of the Subzone Grant of Authority for Subzone 70M, General Motors Corporation, Lansing, MI Pursuant to its authority under the Foreign-Trade Zones Act of June 18, 1934, as amended (19 U.S.C. 81a-81u), the Foreign-Trad...

  5. 75 FR 76037 - General Motors Corporation Grand Rapids Metal Center Metal Fabricating Division Including On-Site...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Corporation Grand Rapids Metal Center Metal Fabricating Division Including On-Site Leased Workers From Securitas, Premier, EDS and Quaker Chemical Grand Rapids, MI; Amended Certification Regarding...

  6. 75 FR 41531 - Hewlett Packard (HP) Global Product Development, Working On-Site at General Motors Corporation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration Hewlett Packard (HP) Global Product Development, Working On-Site at General Motors Corporation, Milford, MI; Notice of Revised Termination of Investigation Pursuant to...

  7. Health-hazard evaluation report HETA 84-060-1645, General Motors Corporation, Dayton, Ohio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lichty, P.D.; Zey, J.N.

    1985-12-01

    Environmental and breathing-zone samples were analyzed for arsenic, other metals, arsine, and carbon monoxide at General Motors Corporation, Delco Moraine Division, South Facility, Dayton, Ohio in January and February, 1984. The evaluation was requested because of two arsenic-poisoning cases that occurred in department 48. All department 48 employees were surveyed by questionnaire. Urine arsenic concentrations were measured. Only 1 of 68 air samples contained arsenic, 3.3 microg/m/sup 3/. The OSHA standard for arsenic is 10microg/m/sup 3/. Arsenic was not detected in any bulk samples. Nickel and barium were detected at concentrations of 177 to 1280 and 502 to 678microg/m/sup 3/, respectively. The OSHA standard for either metal is 500microg/m/sup 3/. One copper sample, 5700microg/m/sup 3/, exceeded the OSHA standard of 1000microg/m/sup 3/. Carbon monoxide and arsine concentrations were below their relevant standards. No workers had symptoms of arsenic poisoning. Urine arsenic concentrations were within normal limits. The authors conclude that employees are not being exposed to detectable amounts of arsenic. The source of the arsenic poisoning cannot be determined. Employees are overexposed to nickel, barium, and copper. Recommendations include improving employee training and education regarding respiratory protection and reducing employee exposures to nickel and barium.

  8. Industrial hygiene walk-through survey report of General Motors Corporation, Fisher Guide Division, Monroe, Louisiana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCammon, C.S.; Krishnan, E.R.; Goodman, R.J.

    1987-08-17

    A walk-through industrial-hygiene survey was conducted at the General Motors Corporation Fisher Guide manufacturing facility located in Monroe, Louisiana. The investigation centered on possible exposure to acrylates or methacrylates during the manufacture of adhesive-sealed, flame-sealed, or composite headlamps. Methacrylate-based adhesives and acrylated coatings have been used at the facility since 1981. Both the adhesives and coatings were cured by ultraviolet radiation. Ninety-four employees had potential contact with acrylates or methacrylates during the application of adhesives and coatings. Adhesives were used for sealing the lens/reflector area and the bulb location of the terminal area. Base coats were applied to the composite headlamps to provide an adhering surface for the aluminized coating. Top coats were applied as a protective coating for the aluminum coating. Two cases of chemical dermatitis have been reported at the facility since 1981 due to skin contact with acrylates/methacrylates. When an automated system was used to apply adhesive materials during headlamp assembly, there was a lower potential for employee exposure to the hazardous chemicals. The authors recommend that the company move toward complete automation of this part of the production process. Levels of butyl-acetate should be checked as there was a strong smell of this chemical in part of the production line.

  9. General Motors Goes Metric

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, Ted

    1976-01-01

    Describes the program to convert to the metric system all of General Motors Corporation products. Steps include establishing policy regarding employee-owned tools, setting up training plans, and making arrangements with suppliers. (MF)

  10. 78 FR 77790 - Petition for Exemption From the Federal Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard; General Motors...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-24

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Petition for Exemption From the Federal Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard; General Motors Corporation AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration... full General Motors Corporation's (GM) petition for an exemption of the Cadillac SRX vehicle line...

  11. General Motors Corporation and Pacific Northwest Laboratory staff exchange: Inspection of case hardened steels and metal-matrix composites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Good, M.S. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Rogers, D.D. [General Motors Corp., Saginaw, MI (United States). Saginaw Div.

    1993-10-01

    Staff exchanges, such as the one described in this report, are intended to facilitate communication and collaboration among scientists and engineers at Department of Energy (DOE) laboratories, in US industry, and academia. Funding support for these exchanges is provided by the DOE, Office of Energy Research, Laboratory Technology Transfer Program. The exchanges offer the opportunity for the laboratories to transfer technology and expertise to industry, gain a perspective on industry`s problems, and develop the basis for further cooperative efforts through Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) or other mechanisms. The objectives of this report were as follows: for Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) staff to present technology to General Motors (GM) staff on nondestructive measurement of hardened steel components and uniformity of particle dispersion in metal-matrix composites for evaluation for possible application in GM`s manufacturing processes; for GM staff to discuss with PNL staff common manufacturing processes, metallurgy, and flaw criteria for hardening of various components and manufacturing of metal-matrix composites; to provide an initial step in building a long-term collaborative relationship between PNL and GM. Information in this report on the staff exchange of PNL staff with GM Corporation includes the purpose and objectives, a summary of activities, significant accomplishments, significant problems, industry benefits realized, recommended follow-on work and potential benefits from that work, and three appendixes. Appendix A is a description of ultrasonic backscatter technology and its applications to the two nondestructive inspection interests defined by GM. Appendix B is a list of key contacts and the schedule of activities pertaining to the staff exchange. Appendix C is an article from American Society for Metals News relating to sensor needs.

  12. 76 FR 35271 - Toyota Motor Corporation, Inc., on Behalf of Toyota Corporation, and Toyota Manufacturing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-16

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Toyota Motor Corporation, Inc., on Behalf of Toyota Corporation, and Toyota Manufacturing, Indiana, Inc., Receipt of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance Toyota Motor North America, Inc., on behalf of Toyota Motor Corporation,\\1\\ and...

  13. 77 FR 24265 - Toyota Motor Corporation, Inc., on Behalf of Toyota Corporation, and Toyota Manufacturing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-23

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Toyota Motor Corporation, Inc., on Behalf of Toyota Corporation, and Toyota Manufacturing, Indiana, Inc., Receipt of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance Toyota Motor North America, Inc., on behalf of Toyota Motor Corporation,\\1\\ and...

  14. General Motors Corporation and Pacific Northwest Laboratory Staff Exchange: Instrumentation for rapid measurement of automotive exhaust emissions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Griffin, J.W.; Sharpe, S.W. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Sloane, T.M. [General Motors Corp., Warren, MI (United States)

    1995-07-01

    Information in this report on the staff exchange of Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) staff with the AIGER Consortium (General Motors, Ford, Chrysler, Navistar, the environmental protection Agency, and the California Air Resources Board) includes the purpose and objectives, a summary of activities, significant accomplishments, significant problems, industry benefits realized, recommended follow-on work and potential benefits from that work, and two appendices. Appendix A is a brief description of the fast gas chromatography and infrared spectroscopy chemometric technologies and their application to the rapid characterization of automobile exhaust emissions. Appendix B is a list of key contacts and the schedule of activities pertaining to the staff exchange.

  15. Advanced turbine technology applications program, (ATTAP): An overview of complementary activities on ceramic materials within the Allied-Signal Corporation and the General Motors Corporation which provide synergistic benefits to the ATTAP program, 1988--1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-04-01

    A significant level of Research and Development and product development activities on ceramic materials is being carried on by the General Motors Corporation and the Allied-Signal Corporation, the parent companies of the ATTAP contractors, Allison Gas Turbine Division and Garrett Auxiliary Power Division, respectively. In continuing the automotive gas turbine program with both Allison and Garrett in the application of high temperature structural materials in advanced automotive gas turbine engines it was the intention of the Department of Energy to not only provide encouragement to these companies to continue their activities on ceramic materials which are providing important synergistic benefits to ATTAP but also to signal the developing US ceramics industry of a continuing commitment to this program by important elements of the gas turbine industry and the automotive industry. 5 figs.

  16. General Motors sidestream separator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tessier, R.J.

    1981-01-01

    On February 15, 1980, the United States Environmental Protection Agency, acting pursuant to Paragraph 113(D) (4) of the Clean Air Act, issued to General Motors an innovative technology order covering fifteen coal-fired spreader-stoker boilers located at six General Motors plants in Ohio. The purpose and effect of this order was to permit General Motors time to develop a new, innovative technique for controlling particulate emissions from the specified boilers before compliance with the federally approved Ohio particulate control regulation was required. This new technology was christened, The Sidestream Separator, by General Motors. It provides a highly cost effective means of reducing particulate emissions below levels currently obtainable with conventionally used high efficiency mechanical collectors. These improvements could prove to be of substantial benefit to many industrial facilities with spreader-stoker coal-fired boilers that cannot be brought into compliance with applicble air pollution regulations except by application of far more expensive and unwieldly electrostatic precipitators (ESP's) or fabric filters (baghouses).

  17. Continuous emission monitoring for industrial boilers, General Motors Corporation, Assembly Division, St. Louis, Missouri. Volume I. System configuration and results of the operational test period. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huckabee, D.; Diamond, S.; Porter, T.; McGlew, P.

    1980-06-01

    The objective of this program was to continuously monitor sulfur dioxide (SO/sub 2/) removal efficiencies of a flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system installed an industrial boiler for 30 days. The data will be used to substantiate the applicability of extractive monitors to industrial boilers and to aid in formulating New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) for industrial boilers. The monitoring program was conducted at the General Motors Corporation, Assembly Division, located in St. Louis, Missouri, during the period of December 27, 1979 through March 8, 1980. Sulfur dioxide (SO/sub 2/) and oxygen (O/sub 2/) concentrations were measured on a dry basis concurrently at both the inlet and outlet of the FGD system controlling the exhaust from one coal-fired boiler. Before commencing the monitoring program the analyzers were subjected to draft Performance Specification Tests (PST) delineated in 40 CFR 60 Appendix B, PST 2 and 3 proposed revisions, October 10, 1979. Throughout the 30-day program, abbreviated accuracy tests were conducted for both SO/sub 2/ and O/sub 2/ monitors and complete accuracy tests were conducted at the conclusion of the program. During the 30-day program, three simultaneous Method 5 particulate tests were conducted at the scrubber inlet and outlet. Component failure and electrical problems delayed the start date for monitoring from January 1, 1980 until February 3, 1980. Once these problems were rectified, the conditioning period was completed and the 30 days of data collection was begun. The report is contained in three volumes. Volume I is a compilation of the following: description of the combustion unit; description of the FGD system; description of monitoring data and process data acquisition, and data reduction; description of the monitoring program; description of the PSTs; results and conclusion of the PST and particulate tests; and quality assurance procedures.

  18. Final report of the General Motors Corporation powdered coal--oil mixtures (COM) program. Period covered: March 1975--July 1977. [65 references

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, A. Jr. (ed.)

    1977-10-01

    General Motors Corporation together with a consortium of 26 other organizations has successfully completed a two-year effort to demonstrate the full-scale preparation and combustion of a coal-oil mixture in an industrial boiler. This report describes work carried out under U.S. ERDA Contract No. E949-18-2267 (now EX-76-C-01-2267), Electric Power Research Institute Contract No. RP527, and contracts with other consortial organizations. The main objective was to demonstrate that a sufficiently stable coal-oil mixture, consisting of pulverized coal and No. 6 fuel oil, could be prepared and combusted efficiently under variable load conditions in a plant-sized environment. The demonstration unit was an existing 120,000 pph gas-fired boiler with intermittent oil-fired capability located at the Chevrolet Nodular Iron Casting Plant Powerhouse in Saginaw, Michigan. After completing preliminary studies to establish (a) fuel oil-coal selection and coal pulverizing characteristics, (b) fuel blending methods, (c) fuel characteristics and (d) combustion characteristics, an on-site slurry preparation plant was erected and relatively minor modifications were made to the boiler. Assessment of the two-phase period of demonstration for (a) mechanical reliability, (b) thermal performance, (c) stack emissions and (d) fouling and slagging of the boiler showed an overall technical success with some remaining problems. Long range transportability of the slurry was also demonstrated. The economic incentive for the coal-oil mixture concept, however, is only marginal at present local oil and coal costs. Other factors such as volume of usage, escalation of oil prices over coal, and the future availability of oil are factors which can change this.

  19. Heavy-duty engine testing report-correlation testing of GMC (General Motors Corporation) 5. 7l/MVMA engine. Technical report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jones, L.

    1988-06-01

    The correlation between the heavy-duty test facilities of a manufacturer and the Environmental Protection Agency Motor Vehicle Emission Laboratory (MVEL) is of significant interest to both the manufacturer and EPA. It is especially important from a regulatory standpoint because of Selective Enforcement Audit (SEA) testing requirements. Thus, EPA/MVEL conducted testing on a Chevrolet heavy-duty gasoline-fueled engine with the intent of providing correlation data for comparison with similar data developed by laboratories which conduct SEA emissions tests for the manufacturers of heavy-duty gasoline (HDG) engines. The round-robin program was a joint effort on the part of EPA/MVEL and the Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association (MVMA).

  20. General Motors plant environmental auditing program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barzotti, J.P.

    1984-01-01

    This report discusses General Motors environmental audit activities in the stationary source area. From the late 1960s through the 1970s, a wide range of environmental and safety legislation was enacted. As a result, GM expanded its environmental staff to ensure compliance and increase employee awareness of regulatory requirements. This report traces the development and operation of the GM Industrial Environmental Performance Review or Plant Environmental Audit, as it is most often called. The Plant Environmental Audit Group was established in 1972 to provide corporate, divisional, and local management with accurate, periodic engineering evaluations of the environmental conditions at each manufacturing facility. The scope of the plant audit includes the environmental categories of air and water quality, waste materials handling and disposal, energy conservation, and certain OSHA-related functions that are considered plant engineering responsibilities (noise abatement, maintenance records, etc.).

  1. 26 CFR 1.341-1 - Collapsible corporations; in general.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Collapsible corporations; in general. 1.341-1... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Collapsible Corporations; Foreign Personal Holding Companies § 1.341-1 Collapsible corporations; in general. Subject to the limitations contained in § 1.341-4 and the...

  2. 77 FR 29449 - Toyota Motor Corporation, Inc., Grant of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-17

    ... National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Toyota Motor Corporation, Inc., Grant of Petition for.... ACTION: Grant of Petition. SUMMARY: Toyota Motor North America, Inc., on behalf of Toyota Motor Corporation,\\1\\ and Toyota Manufacturing, Indiana, Inc.\\2\\ (collectively referred to as ``Toyota''),...

  3. Pollution prevention at General Motors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Williams, T.A.; Brewer, S.S.; Mishra, P.N.; Underwood, O.W. [General Motors Corp., Detroit, MI (United States)

    1995-09-01

    General Motors facilities are engaged in numerous pollution prevention activities and projects. GM has instituted pollution prevention, recyclability, and other manufacturing considerations into the design process of the vehicle. This approach is effective in reducing the total life-cycle impact of GM vehicles. For the purposes of this handbook, two broad-based initiatives that have applications outside of the automotive industry will be discussed. First, chemicals management is a new supplier relationship that reduces the overall chemical cost while providing incentives for the chemical supplier to find ways to reduce chemical usage. The second initiative, packaging reduction and recycling, has been a great success at many of GM`s facilities. The goal is to reduce the amount of packaging coming into a plant and to make sure that the packaging that is received is easily recycled or returned.

  4. Analysis of Cost Leading Strategy in the Automobile Industry - From the Perspective of General Motors Overseas Corporation%汽车行业成本领先战略分析--基于通用公司视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜晓燕; 蒋少颜

    2015-01-01

    With the maturity of the automobile market, the decline in the price of the car and the impact of the global economy, the automobile industry has shifted from the era of excessive profit to the era of low profit. En-hancing its competitiveness in the fierce market competition and promoting its development are the concerns of the enterprise. The author analyzes specific financial data about General Motors Overseas Corporation and its industry competitors and points out the need to implement the cost leading strategy. Then, the paper analyzes cost leader-ship strategy from four aspects including the market segmentation and target cost design, the internal cost control, the fixed cost control, and the relatively low cost than that of its competitors. This paper aims to highlight the im-portant role of the cost leadership strategy for the automotive industry, and provides unique insights into the devel-opment of automotive enterprises.%随着汽车市场的成熟、汽车价格的下降、全球经济的影响,汽车行业已从暴利时代转向微利时代。如何在这激烈的市场中提高竞争力、促进企业的发展,是每个企业所关注的问题。本文以整个汽车行业为背景,对美国通用公司、同行业竞争对手具体财务数据进行分析,指出实施成本领先战略的必要性。然后,从市场细分及目标成本设计、内部加强成本控制、注重固定成本控制、确定比竞争对手相对低的成本四个方面具体分析成本领先战略目标。本文旨在突出成本领先战略对汽车行业的重要作用,为汽车企业的发展提供独到的见解。

  5. General Motors sued for 'denigrating' Einstein's image

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwynne, Peter

    2010-07-01

    The US car giant General Motors (GM) has played down the consequences of a lawsuit against it for using the likeness of Albert Einstein in an advertisement for its Terrain sports utility vehicle (SUV).

  6. The Light and Shadow of Corporate Reconstruction: Nissan and Mitsubishi Motors Corporation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ITO, Takuya

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Nissan and Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC are both representative Japanese automobile manufacturers. However, there is a commonality and a difference between the two. The commonality is that both of them had sunk into the doldrums. Subsequently they aimed at corporate reconstruction by attracting investments from foreign manufacturers and appointing non-Japanese as executives. The difference is in the results obtained by the two manufacturers. This paper examines why Nissan succeeded in saving itself, while MMC failed in its reconstruction.In order to discuss the above issues, the paper uses Jungian psychology for its theoretical foundations. Jungian psychologists, in particular, often research traditional folk tales in order to learn about the unconscious. The reason for the success of the approach is that mental illness has been a universal phenomenon throughout human history and Jungian psychology refers to these unchanged phenomena as the 'collective unconscious'. Folk tales are, thus, a part of humanity’s psychological treasury and Jungian psychologists search for clues to support their counselling in these tales. This paper applies the same methodology to studying Japanese business in considering Nissan and MMC.

  7. 78 FR 32461 - Verizon Services Corporation, Customer Service Clerk, General Clerk, Clarksburg, West Virginia...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-30

    ... Employment and Training Administration Verizon Services Corporation, Customer Service Clerk, General Clerk... workers and former workers of Verizon Services Corporation, Customer Service Clerk, General Clerk.... Workers of Verizon Services Corporation's Customer Service Clerk, General Clerk business unit at...

  8. General motors sulfate dispersion experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chock, David P.

    1980-06-01

    The mean wind field and the wind fluctuations observed near a controlled, heavily traveled level roadway were investigated. The mean wind field was studied in terms of velocity defects relative to the ambient mean wind. The wind fluctuations were studied in terms of energy spectra, velocity cross-spectra, excesses of velocity variances and cross-covariances over their ambient values. Two-point cross-spectra and correlations were also used to study the propagation of wind fluctuations. The influence of traffic on the ambient wind field extended vertically up to at least 4.5m above ground, and horizontally to at least 30 m downwind of the road. The vertical extension was more gradual at high cross-road winds than at low cross-road winds. The wind tended to move up as it approached the road and down as it left the road, except when the cross-road wind was low, where the downward motion was reduced or reversed. This is likely due to the buoyancy effect of the heated exhaust. The traffic effects propagated outward at about 1 m s-1. Thus at cross-road winds of less than 1 ms-1, the influence of traffic could be observed upwind of the road. When intense shear existed between the local wind field and an opposing traffic direction, large turbulent energy production resulted, generating large eddies, in additions to the high frequency (> 0.1 Hz) eddies generated by vehicular motions in the absence of intense shear. The large eddies also increased the mixing volume, so that when the ambient wind opposed the traffic direction on the upwind lanes, the pollutant concentration upwind of the road could be higher than that downwind. While the cross-covariance excesses generally agreed with the gradient transport assumption, disagreements also existed, which may not be surprising in view of the participation of large eddies in the momentum transport.

  9. General Motors - sajandi suurim / Tõnis Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Tõnis, 1957-

    2001-01-01

    General Motors'i põhitegevus on seotud autotööstusega, hõlmates nii veo- ja sõiduautode tootmist ja müüki kui ka kõike varuosadega seonduvat. Tabelid. Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti, 30. mai 2001, lk. 29

  10. General Motors - sajandi suurim / Tõnis Oja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oja, Tõnis, 1957-

    2001-01-01

    General Motors'i põhitegevus on seotud autotööstusega, hõlmates nii veo- ja sõiduautode tootmist ja müüki kui ka kõike varuosadega seonduvat. Tabelid. Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti, 30. mai 2001, lk. 29

  11. 77 FR 59986 - General Motors Vehicle Manufacturing Including On-Site Leased Workers from Aerotek, Kelly...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Vehicle Manufacturing Including On-Site Leased Workers from Aerotek, Kelly Services, Voith Industrial Services, Shreveport Ramp Services, Dana Holding Corporation, The Landing of GM, Filtration Services...

  12. 77 FR 62535 - General Motors Vehicle Manufacturing Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek, Kelly...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Vehicle Manufacturing Including On-Site Leased Workers From Aerotek, Kelly Services, Voith Industrial Services, Shreveport Ramp Services, Dana Holding Corporation, the Landing Of GM, Filtration Services...

  13. General Motors gives RFG the OK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rhodes, A.

    1996-01-08

    General Motors Corp. (GM) and other automobile makers support the RFG and oxygenated fuels programs as an important part of efforts to reduce urban air pollution. In fact, beginning with 1989 model-year cars, GM added to its owners manuals statements recommending the use of oxygenates in areas with high ozone and CO levels. And GM recommended RFG specifically, beginning in 1992. The fact that these fuels can be used in existing vehicles allows the benefits of reformulated and oxygenated gasolines to be effective almost immediately upon implementation, according to Gerald Barnes, manager of clean fuels and heavy duty activities for GM. The use of these gasolines in existing cars is possible because of continual evolution in vehicle design. But refiners share in this success because, as Barnes points out, motor vehicle fuels have been reformulated almost constantly since automobiles were invented.

  14. Off Like a Rocket: A Media Discourse Analysis of Tesla Motor Corporation

    OpenAIRE

    McKay, Jordan

    2016-01-01

    Energy and transportation are topics of great importance to global sustainable development.  Tesla Motor Corporation is an electric vehicle company with the objective to “accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy” (Musk, 2016).  This thesis, a media discourse analysis, examines media texts concerning Tesla Motors to provide a better understanding of the company’s hitherto success in penetrating the automotive market.  Qualitative analyses of text were utilized to first define th...

  15. Off Like a Rocket: A Media Discourse Analysis of Tesla Motor Corporation

    OpenAIRE

    McKay, Jordan

    2016-01-01

    Energy and transportation are topics of great importance to global sustainable development.  Tesla Motor Corporation is an electric vehicle company with the objective to “accelerate the world’s transition to sustainable energy” (Musk, 2016).  This thesis, a media discourse analysis, examines media texts concerning Tesla Motors to provide a better understanding of the company’s hitherto success in penetrating the automotive market.  Qualitative analyses of text were utilized to first define th...

  16. The new General Motors diesel engine management system; Die neue Dieselmotor-Steuerung von General Motors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graglia, Riccardo; Catanese, Alessandro; Parisi, Filippo; Barbero, Simone [General Motors Powertrain Europe S.r.L., Turin (Italy)

    2011-02-15

    For more than ten years, General Motors has been developing ECUs for spark-ignition engines in-house. The company has now also developed an engine management system for diesel engines that offers such features as closed-loop injector control and integrated glow plug electronics. (orig.)

  17. General Motors Phase II Catalyst System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Canale, R.P.; Winegarden, S.R.; Carlson, C.R.; Miles, D.L.

    1978-01-01

    Three-way catalysts provide a means of catalytically achieving lower NOx emission levels while maintaining good control of HC and CO emissions. However, very accurate control of air-fuel ratio is necessary. The precise air-fuel ratio control required is accomplished by employing a closed loop fuel metering system in conjunction with an exhaust gas sensor and an electronic control unit. To gain production experience with this type of system, General Motors is introducing it on two 1978 engine families sold in California. One is a 2.5 liter L-4 engine and the other is a 3.8 liter V-6 engine. Closed loop controlled carburetors are used on both systems. The components used on both systems are described and emission and fuel economy results are reviewed.

  18. Composición corporal en escolares de General Alvear

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sucre, María Leonor

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar la composición corporal en niños con diferente estado nutricional. Se realizó un estudio transversal en 2997 escolares de ambos sexos comprendidos entre los 5 y los 12 años residentes en la ciudad de General Alvear (Mendoza. Se relevaron peso corporal, estatura total y sentado, perímetro braquial y pliegues subescapular y tricipital. Se calcularon las prevalencias de desnutrición y sobrepeso, los índices de masa corporal, subescapular/tricipital (IST y las áreas muscular y adiposa. Las prevalencias obtenidas indicaron que, mientras la desnutrición tuvo porcentajes cercanos al 8%, el sobrepeso alcanzó el 14%. El 62% de los escolares desnutridos y el 37% con sobrepeso presentaron déficit de tejido muscular. En el grupo de niños desnutridos no hubo exceso de tejido adiposo, en tanto que en aquellos con sobrepeso alcanzó el 41% con un patrón de distribución predominantemente centralizado. El 45% de ellos registró adiposidad abdominal y el 20% riesgo de padecerlo. Los resultados obtenidos permiten identificar dos situaciones problemáticas: la reducción del tejido muscular en ambos extremos de la malnutrición y la distribución centralizada de la adiposidad en el grupo con sobrepeso que puede asociarse a un mayor riesgo de padecer enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles.

  19. The Times and General Motors: What went wrong?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Howard Darmstadter

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available In 2014 General Motors Company (GM recalled more than 2.6 million automobiles to replace a defective ignition switch that had been implicated in more than a dozen deaths. Despite early problems with the switch, it took GM almost 11 years to initiate the recall. The recall announcement led to a firestorm of media criticism. Much of that criticism, however, was badly distorted. I concentrate on The New York Times’ coverage because it is a trusted news source, and because it devoted substantial resources to the story. Problems with The Times’ coverage were likely magnified in less reliable media outlets. I describe what we know about the switch problem and General Motors’ attempts to solve it, and try to explain the forces—mainly psychological—that warped The Times reporting. These forces—love of a story with heroes, villains, and a moral dimension; willingness to view group human activity on the model of individual human activity; overly simple theories of human motivation; a tendency to attribute beliefs and desires to organizations—are not unique to The Times or this particular story, and can thus be expected to affect media reports of other corporate decision-making.

  20. HCCI gasoline engine by General Motors; Ottomotor mit HCCI-Technik von General Motors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Backhaus, R.

    2008-06-15

    General Motors recently presented the HCCI combustion process with cylinder pressure based engine control. A variable valve drive controls the residual gas fraction, and direct injection levels cylinder differences. A calinder pressure sensor system with robust engine control is necessary according to GM for adjusting the 50 mass fraction burnt for maximum efficiency and to compensate the influence of uncontrollable boundary conditions in real operation. (orig.)

  1. Triton College and General Motors: The Partnership Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonte, Richard; Magnesen, Vernon

    1983-01-01

    The cooperative training program between Illinois's Triton College and General Motors is described. Illustrates the mutual benefits of this problem and recommends that other colleges follow suit. (NJ)

  2. Los juegos motores y juegos expresivos como recurso para trabajar la expresión corporal

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    El desarrollo de la expresión corporal en la etapa de Educación Infantil es importante ya que a través de ella el niño expresa sus sentimientos y emociones utilizando el lenguaje del propio cuerpo; por ello es importante que se trabaje diariamente en el aula a través de diversos recursos: canciones, cuentos motores, bailes, juegos; para que de esta manera el niño vaya alcanzando y fomentando su desarrollo motor, creativo, afectivo y social. El juego es un recurso propicio para desarrollar y t...

  3. What General Motors Can Teach U.S. Schools about the Proper Role of Markets in Education Reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Frank

    1996-01-01

    General Motors Corporation's disastrous experiment with robots holds valuable lessons for school reform. Consumer choice can signal when reform is needed, but it identifies no magic bullets for achieving reforms. Market-based initiatives can succeed when based on five principles stressing worker understanding, incentives and problem-solving…

  4. Energy management and conservation at General Motors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelly, R.L.

    1982-07-01

    An energy conservation plan on a corporate level, some results and potential benefits, two areas for future savings and a national energy policy, as revealed at the 1982 National Industrial Electric Conference are described. Phases of the program are Administrative Controls, Engineering Solutions, and Financial Controls. Heating, ventilation and air conditioning, the largest energy users in the corporation, comprise 27.6% of the total energy used. Suggested engineering solutions cover product specifications, process changes, heat recovery applications, materials conservation, improved equipment control, and facility changes. Computerized Facility Monitoring and Control Systems (FMC) automatically start and stop energy consuming equipment for maximum conservation. Conservation centers around energy accountability- knowing where, how much, and how wisely it is being used, and its cost.

  5. City of Detroit/General Motors Corporation: Central Industrial Park

    Science.gov (United States)

    This document may be of assistance in applying the New Source Review (NSR) air permitting regulations including the Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements. This document is part of the NSR Policy and Guidance Database. Some documents in the database are a scanned or retyped version of a paper photocopy of the original. Although we have taken considerable effort to quality assure the documents, some may contain typographical errors. Contact the office that issued the document if you need a copy of the original.

  6. 77 FR 40639 - General Motors Vehicle Manufacturing Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation Shreveport...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    ... notice was published in the Federal Register on August 13, 2010 (75 FR 49530). The notice was amended on... notices were published in the Federal Register on April 14, 2011 (76 FR 21035) and February 8, 2012 (77 FR...

  7. 75 FR 26791 - General Motors Company, Formerly Known as General Motors Corporation, Mansfield Metal Center...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-12

    ..., American Food and Vending, Comprehensive Logistics Company Inc., Development Dimensions International, Hewlett Packard, Ideal Setech Llc, Interim Health Care, Key Office Services, Knight Facilities Management... Group International, Waste Management Of Texas Inc., Aramark-Uniform Service, Cjbf, Llc,...

  8. 78 FR 8589 - Verizon Services Corporation, Customer Services Clerk, General Clerk, Clarksburg, WV; Notice of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-06

    ... Employment and Training Administration Verizon Services Corporation, Customer Services Clerk, General Clerk... of Verizon Services Corporation, Customer Services Clerk, General Clerk, Clarksburg, West Virginia... country the supply of services like or directly competitive with those supplied by the workers and did not...

  9. Energy management and conservation at General Motors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelly, R.L.

    1982-07-01

    An energy conservation plan on a corporate level, some of the results and potential benefits, two specific areas for future savings and a national energy policy are described. It is from a paper presented during the 1982 National Industrial Electric Conference, sponsored by The Electrification Council and held in Lexington, Ky. The formal energy conservation program has evolved into three phases: Phase I - Administrative Controls; Phase II - Engineering Solutions; Phase III - Financial Controls. All GM plants worldwide have completed a Five Year Energy Conservation Plan for the period 1981 through 1985. A summary of the Plans from 217 locations reveals that the potential exists to save another 39.1 billion Btu by 1985 at a cost of /572 million. The payback for such projects averages three years.

  10. A General Random Walk Model of Molecular Motor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANGXian-Ju; AIBao-Quan; LIUGuo-Tao; LIULiang-Gang

    2003-01-01

    A general random walk model framework is presented which can be used to statistically describe the internal dynamics and external mechanical movement of molecular motors along filament track. The motion of molecular motor in a periodic potential and a constant force is considered. We show that the molecular motor's movement becomes slower with the potential barrier increasing, but if the force is increased, the molecular motor''s movement becomes faster. The relation between the effective rate constant and the potential battler's height, and that between the effective rate constant and the value of the force are discussed. Our results are consistent with the experiments and relevant theoretical consideration, and can be used to explain some physiological phenomena.

  11. A General Random Walk Model of Molecular Motor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xian-Ju; AI Bao-Quan; LIU Guo-Tao; LIU Liang-Gang

    2003-01-01

    A general random walk model framework is presented which can be used to statistically describe the internaldynamics and external mechanical movement of molecular motors along filament track. The motion of molecular motorin a periodic potential and a constant force is considered. We show that the molecular motor's movement becomesslower with the potential barrier increasing, but if the forceis increased, the molecular motor's movement becomesfaster. The relation between the effective rate constant and the potential barrier's height, and that between the effectiverate constant and the value of the force are discussed. Our results are consistent with the experiments and relevanttheoretical consideration, and can be used to explain some physiological phenomena.

  12. A review of crash data analysis in a defect and recall investigation of the general motors C/K pickup trucks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hubele, N F; Arndt, M W

    1996-01-01

    In the process of assessing the safety of the fuel-containment system of the 1973-1987 General Motors C/K truck, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and General Motors Corporation have written and submitted numerous documents to a public file between October 1992 and April 1993. Five substantial reports have been issued by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and General Motors Corporation describing data analysis of crashes recorded on state and federal databases. Both the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and General Motors Corporation have used crash data, in some cases the same data, to examine the claim that a defect in the fuel system design of General Motors Corporation C/K trucks poses an unreasonable risk of death or injury. The comparative analysis presented in this paper demonstrates how crash databases and their summary statistics can be used to support opposed positions in a safety dispute. Understanding differences in the analysis is fundamental to obtaining an insight into the role of field crash data, including its relevance and shortcomings, in defect and recall investigations.

  13. Control systems are General Motors' biggest energy saver

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-06-01

    In 1978, General Motors Corp. used almost 3% less energy than it did in 1972, even though production had increased about 25%. Most of the savings are the result of improved technology and design changes in buildings, equipment, and processes. Computerized energy management control systems are now in operation or being installed in 78 GM buildings.

  14. Design for fuel economy: the General Motors X cars

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1980-01-01

    Eight papers on engineering aspects of the design of the General Motors family of 1980 X cars are presented. A separate abstract of each paper was prepared for the Energy Data Base (EDB) but not for Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA). (LCL)

  15. Stimulation of the human motor cortex alters generalization patterns of motor learning

    OpenAIRE

    Orban de Xivry, Jean-Jacques; Marko, Mollie K; Pekny, Sarah E.; Pastor, Damien; Izawa, Jun; Celnik, Pablo; Shadmehr, Reza

    2011-01-01

    It has been hypothesized that the generalization patterns that accompany learning carry the signatures of the neural systems that are engaged in that learning. Reach adaptation in force fields has generalization patterns that suggest primary engagement of a neural system that encodes movements in the intrinsic coordinates of joints and muscles, and lesser engagement of a neural system that encodes movements in the extrinsic coordinates of the task. Among the cortical motor areas, the intrinsi...

  16. THE SPECIFIC MARKET RESEARCH METHODOLOGY USED AT GENERAL MOTOR'S EUROPE

    OpenAIRE

    Zima Liliana Adela; Toadere Rita Monica

    2011-01-01

    As difficult as segmenting consumer markets is, it is much simpler and easier than segmenting industrial markets. Often the same industrial products have multiple applications; likewise, several different products can be used in the same application. Customer differ greatly, and it is hard to discern which differences are important and which are trivial for developing a marketing strategy. Making the research at General Motor's Europe I realized that the most industrial marketers use segmenta...

  17. Motor adaptation and generalization of reaching movements using motor primitives based on spatial coordinates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Hirokazu; Sejnowski, Terrence J

    2015-02-15

    The brain processes sensory and motor information in a wide range of coordinate systems, ranging from retinal coordinates in vision to body-centered coordinates in areas that control musculature. Here we focus on the coordinate system used in the motor cortex to guide actions and examine physiological and psychophysical evidence for an allocentric reference frame based on spatial coordinates. When the equations of motion governing reaching dynamics are expressed as spatial vectors, each term is a vector cross product between a limb-segment position and a velocity or acceleration. We extend this computational framework to motor adaptation, in which the cross-product terms form adaptive bases for canceling imposed perturbations. Coefficients of the velocity- and acceleration-dependent cross products are assumed to undergo plastic changes to compensate the force-field or visuomotor perturbations. Consistent with experimental findings, each of the cross products had a distinct reference frame, which predicted how an acquired remapping generalized to untrained location in the workspace. In response to force field or visual rotation, mainly the coefficients of the velocity- or acceleration-dependent cross products adapted, leading to transfer in an intrinsic or extrinsic reference frame, respectively. The model further predicted that remapping of visuomotor rotation should under- or overgeneralize in a distal or proximal workspace. The cross-product bases can explain the distinct patterns of generalization in visuomotor and force-field adaptation in a unified way, showing that kinematic and dynamic motor adaptation need not arise through separate neural substrates.

  18. Dow stakes on fuel cells of General Motors; Dow mise sur les piles a combustible de General Motors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    2003-05-01

    The two american multinational companies Dow Chemical and General Motors work to set up the biggest project of electricity production by fuel cells. For Dow this project aims to valorize the hydrogen produced in its chemical processes and to supply fuel cells. This project would allow to the chemist to reduce its greenhouse gases emissions, the fuel cells do not produce such gases. Among other energy sources of Dow in Usa, the cogeneration (that operate with gas)represents more than 95% of its needs in energy and vapor but its increase has encourage the group to diversify its energy sources. For General Motors, the agreement is also interesting, it would allow to make the cost of its fuel cells decrease, promoting their use in vehicles. (N.C.)

  19. General motors front wheel drive 2-mode hybrid transmission

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hendrickson, James [General Motors Corp., Pontiac, MI (United States). New Transmission Products Group.; Holmes, Alan G. [General Motors Corp., Pontiac, MI (United States). Powertrain Hybrid Architecture

    2009-07-01

    General Motors now expands the application of two-mode hybrid technology to front wheel drive vehicles with the development of a hybrid electric transmission packaged into essentially the same space as a conventional automatic transmission for front wheel drive. This was accomplished using a space-efficient arrangement based on two planetary gear sets and electric motor-generators with large internal diameters. A combination of damper and hydraulically-controlled clutch allow comfortable shutdown and restarting of large-displacement engines in front wheel drive vehicles. The hybrid system delivers electric low-speed urban driving, two continuously variable ranges of transmission speed ratios, four fixed transmission speed ratios, electric acceleration boosting, and regenerative braking. In the first vehicle application, the two-mode hybrid helps to reduce vehicle fuel consumption by approximately one-third. (orig.)

  20. Effective and Robust Generalized Predictive Speed Control of Induction Motor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patxi Alkorta

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents and validates a new proposal for effective speed vector control of induction motors based on linear Generalized Predictive Control (GPC law. The presented GPC-PI cascade configuration simplifies the design with regard to GPC-GPC cascade configuration, maintaining the advantages of the predictive control algorithm. The robust stability of the closed loop system is demonstrated by the poles placement method for several typical cases of uncertainties in induction motors. The controller has been tested using several simulations and experiments and has been compared with Proportional Integral Derivative (PID and Sliding Mode (SM control schemes, obtaining outstanding results in speed tracking even in the presence of parameter uncertainties, unknown load disturbance, and measurement noise in the loop signals, suggesting its use in industrial applications.

  1. 26 CFR 1.921-2 - Foreign Sales Corporation-general rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Corporation—general rules. (a) Definition of a FSC and the Effect of a FSC Election. Q-1. What is the definition of a Foreign Sales Corporation (hereinafter referred to as a “FSC” (All references to FSCs include... to use the administrative pricing rules under section 925(a), a small FSC must satisfy the...

  2. General Motors' R&D: Managing Innovation Globally

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taub, Alan

    2006-03-01

    The rapid pace of technology development and the globalization of the automobile industry are major forces driving General Motors to devise new ways to innovate faster and more efficiently. In response, GM has developed a global R&D network that has transformed GM's research and development organization from a U.S.-based enterprise to one that is over 30 percent leveraged with collaboration in 16 countries. This talk will focus on the challenges faced as well as the lessons learned and best practices developed in building this network.

  3. General Motors 2. 3L Quad 4 engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomson, M.W.; Frelund, A.R.; Pallas, M.; Miller, K.D.

    1987-01-01

    For the 1988 model year General Motors will introduce a new 2.3L, four cylinder, 16 valve engine named the ''Quad 4''. This engine features high specific power, low mechanical and thermal losses, precision manufacturing processes, and outstanding reliability. This paper describes the organizational and operating philosophies including simultaneous engineering and supplier source selection and development under which this engine was designed, processed, validated, and manufactured. Also described are the design features and manufacturing techniques utilized to reach the program objectives.

  4. Crescimento, composição corporal, desempenho motor de escolares de 07a 10 de idade do municipio de Cascavel-Parana

    OpenAIRE

    Evandro Rogerio Roman

    2004-01-01

    Resumo: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o crescimento físico, composição corporal e desempenho motor de escolares de 7 a 10 anos, de ambos os gêneros. Para tanto, a amostra foi constituída por 1.267 escolares, sendo 654 meninos e 613 meninas, pertencentes à pública de ensino do município de Cascavel-PR. Medidas antropométricas de massa corporal, estatura e espessura de dobras cutâneas foram obtidas para a determinação do índice de massa corporal (IMC), da gordura corporal relativa e da m...

  5. General Motors Well-to-Wheel Study - results and conclusions; General Motors Well-to-Wheel Studie - Ergebnisse und Schluesse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wurster, R. [L-B-Systemtechnik GmbH (Germany)

    2003-07-01

    L-B Systemtechnik GmbH carried out this study on behalf of General Motors and in co-operation with BP, Exxon, Shell and Total. The study is available on the web as http://www.lbst.de/gm-wtw for downloading. This contribution presents current results, which are compared with other recent findings (e.g. the MIT study by Weiss et al. and the publication of Bossel/Elliasson). The marketing potentials of motor fuels from renewable energy sources (natural gas, Fischer-Tropsch diesel fuel, ethanol, methanol, RME, pressurised and liquid hydrogen) is compared. The contribution also presents fuel cost (Euro/a and Euro/km)for these fuels and drives. The data are derived from the LBST E2 database. [German] Die L-B-Systemtechnik GmbH (LBST) hat in 2001/2002 im Auftrag von General Motors und in Kooperation mit BP, Exxon, Shell und Total eine umfangreiche Well-to-Whell Studie fuer den technologischen Stand von 2010 durchgefuehrt. Die gesamte LBST/GM-Studie ist unter http://www.lbst.de/gm-wtw im Internet als PDF-Dokumente zum Herunterladen verfuegbar. Auf Basis dieser Untersuchung und im Vergleich zu anderen in Diskussion befindlichen neueren Arbeiten (z.B. MIT-Studie von Weiss et al., Bossel/Elliasson Papier) werden aktuelle Ergebnisse praesentiert und ableitbare Folgen fuer die Einfuehrung von Wasserstoff als Kraftstoff fuer Strassenfahrzeuge praesentiert und diskutiert. Es sollen auch die prinzipiell realisierbaren Marktpotentiale der verschiedenen verglichenenen Fahrzeugkraftstoffe (Erdgas, Fischer-Tropsch-Diesel, Ethanol, Methanol, RME, Druck- und Fluessigwasserstoff) auf Basis erneuerbarer Energiepotenziale in Europa vergleichend dargestellt werden. Nicht in der Studie untersuchte Kraftstoffkosten (Euro/MJ und Euro/km) fuer die praesentierten Kraftstoffpfade und Fahrzeugantriebe auf der Basis der LBST E2 database werden ebenfalls praesentiert. (orig.)

  6. General Motors sulfate dispersion experiment: summary of EPA measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilson, W.E. (Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC); Spiller, L.L.; Ellestad, T.G.

    1977-01-01

    In October 1975, General Motors sponsored a study of sulfate exposures utilizing a fleet of catalyst equipped motor vehicles in controlled, simulated, highway driving conditions. This paper reports some EPA sponsored measurements. Sulfuric acid aerosol, in the Aitken nuclei mode, geometric mean diameter (GMD) of about 0.02 ..mu..m, is emitted in the exhaust of catalyst equipped vehicles. Measurement of sulfuric acid 20 m downwind of the roadway indicated a lack of complete neutralization by ammonia. When the wind was perpendicular to the roadway there was little coagulation of sulfuric acid into the accumulation mode, GMD of about 0.24 ..mu..m. From measurement of the mass flow rate of aerosol sulfur from the simulated freeway, the aerosol sulfur emission rate per car was determined to be 3.5 +- 0.8 ..mu..g/m (5.6 +- 1.3 mg/mile) corresponding to a 12 +- 3 percent conversion of fuel sulfur into emitted aerosol sulfur.

  7. General Motors sulfate dispersion experiment: experimental procedures and results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cadle, S.H.; Chock, D.P.; Monson, P.R.; Heuss, J.M.

    1977-01-01

    A massive experiment was conducted at the General Motors Proving Ground to measure the dispersion of sulfates generated by catalyst equipped vehicles. 352 cars equipped with catalysts and air pumps were driven on a 10 kilometer test track to provide a simulated freeway situation with a traffic density of 5462 cars/hour. Experiments were conducted on 17 days in October 1975, providing sixty-six 30 min data sets. On most days, the experiment was carried out early in the morning in order to run under the most adverse meteorological conditions available. Samples of airborne sulfate and a gas tracer, sulfur hexafluoride, as well as extensive meteorological data were collected simultaneously at 20 sampling points under a wide variety of meteorological conditions. The maximum measured increase in sulfate from each 30 min data set was generally found next to the roadway at the lowest level and varied from 3 to 15 ..mu..g/m/sup 3/. This increase in sulfate over background fell off rapidly with height and distance. Sulfate increases in vehicles (2 hr averages) ranged from 0 to 20 ..mu..g/m/sup 3/, and averaged 4 ..mu..g/m/sup 3/. Within experimental uncertainty, the sulfate aerosol and the gas tracer were found to disperse in the same manner. The tracer data have also been used to calculate the sulfate emission rate of the vehicles.

  8. Aquifer characterization at the General Motors Harrison Division Plant, Tuscaloosa, Alabama

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luttrell, S.P.; Cronin, W.E.; Hall, S.H.

    1989-10-01

    The General Motors corporation is studying the feasibility of aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) for cooling purposes at its Harrison Division plant Tuscaloosa, Alabama. To determine the characteristics of the aquifer underlying the plant, the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) gathered information about the environment of the aquifer and conducted tests to determine the aquifer's transmissivity and flow. From these tests, calculated estimates of ground-water velocity and flow direction were made. Nine wells were drilled at the plant site. Apparently, a confining bed of clay locally divides the aquifer into two separate units, one confined and one unconfined. An initial attempt to determine the hydraulic gradient in the aquifer was complicated by the resulting discrepancies in water levels among wells as well as by offsite pumping of the same aquifer; however, an estimate of the direction and magnitude of the hydraulic gradient for the composite aquifer was made. Two other types of tests successfully provided data for ground-water flow velocity for ATES design. A constant-discharge and recovery test was conducted to determine transmissivity (hydraulic conductivity). A single-well tracer test was also conducted, and results of the two tests were used conjunctively to estimate ground-water flow velocity. Transmissivity was found to be approximately 2000 ft{sup 2}/day at two wells closet to the pumped well in the parking lot of the General Motors plant. The average hydraulic conductivity is assumed to be approximately 40 ft/day in the same vicinity. The calculated ground-water velocity is approximately 3.25 ft/day with an effective porosity of approximately 6%. 5 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  9. 49 CFR 178.320 - General requirements applicable to all DOT specification cargo tank motor vehicles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) Each cargo tank or cargo tank motor vehicle design type, including its required accident damage... specification cargo tank motor vehicles. 178.320 Section 178.320 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to... Transportation § 178.320 General requirements applicable to all DOT specification cargo tank motor vehicles....

  10. Body representations in the human brain revealed by kinesthetic illusions and their essential contributions to motor control and corporeal awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naito, Eiichi; Morita, Tomoyo; Amemiya, Kaoru

    2016-03-01

    The human brain can generate a continuously changing postural model of our body. Somatic (proprioceptive) signals from skeletal muscles and joints contribute to the formation of the body representation. Recent neuroimaging studies of proprioceptive bodily illusions have elucidated the importance of three brain systems (motor network, specialized parietal systems, right inferior fronto-parietal network) in the formation of the human body representation. The motor network, especially the primary motor cortex, processes afferent input from skeletal muscles. Such information may contribute to the formation of kinematic/dynamic postural models of limbs, thereby enabling fast online feedback control. Distinct parietal regions appear to play specialized roles in the transformation/integration of information across different coordinate systems, which may subserve the adaptability and flexibility of the body representation. Finally, the right inferior fronto-parietal network, connected by the inferior branch of the superior longitudinal fasciculus, is consistently recruited when an individual experiences various types of bodily illusions and its possible roles relate to corporeal awareness, which is likely elicited through a series of neuronal processes of monitoring and accumulating bodily information and updating the body representation. Because this network is also recruited when identifying one's own features, the network activity could be a neuronal basis for self-consciousness.

  11. 75 FR 65054 - General Motors, LLC, Receipt of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-21

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION National Highway Traffic Safety Administration General Motors, LLC, Receipt of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance General Motors, LLC (GM),\\1\\ has determined that certain 2008 through 2010 Model Year Chevrolet Malibu passenger...

  12. THE SPECIFIC MARKET RESEARCH METHODOLOGY USED AT GENERAL MOTOR'S EUROPE ,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zima Liliana Adela

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available As difficult as segmenting consumer markets is, it is much simpler and easier than segmenting industrial markets. Often the same industrial products have multiple applications; likewise, several different products can be used in the same application. Customer differ greatly, and it is hard to discern which differences are important and which are trivial for developing a marketing strategy. Making the research at General Motor's Europe I realized that the most industrial marketers use segmentation as a way to explain results rather than as a way to plan. In fact, industrial segmentation can assist companies in several areas like: analysis of the market, selection of key markets and management and marketing. In this study I tried to make a better understanding of the total marketplace, including how and why customers buy and to develop strategies, plans and programs to profitability meet the needs of different market segments and to give the company a distinct competitive advantage. The Marketing Plan is based on an Information System which can be interpretaded in two different ways. In this case its singular form focusing on both formal and informal information system is appropriate. The investigation explains the environment of the European Business Team . The techniques used were: system maps, observations, interviews, questionnaires and company documents. The initial stage of exploring the situation starts usually with a dialog between the potential client - in this particular case the European Business Team – and the analyst. The vague impression is then given that not everything is running as it should be by the client. This was, however, not completely true in my case, as I had to go looking for problems. Preliminary investigations into product communication did show a feeling of unease between the departments. Having expressed the current situation of the European Business Team , I then chose three areas to study further. I had to

  13. Communicating Community at Tesla Motors: Maintaining Corporate Values in Blogging Communities

    OpenAIRE

    Lashley, Brandon Christopher

    2017-01-01

    Knowing how organizations engage employees can help researchers and practitioners better understand how to effectively communicate and engage employees to create an efficient and collaborative work environment. This research sought to discover if Tesla Motors strategically communicated values from its Master Plan through company blogs to create an imagined community. The theory of imagined communities provided the theoretical foundation. This research used a content analysis of words and phra...

  14. Modelling General System Investment Strategy in Major Industrial and Financial Corporations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slushaienko Nataliia V.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the article is the study of new qualitative approaches to development of investment strategies in major financial and industrial corporations. The article uses the games theory and methods of system analysis for modelling these processes. It considers strategies that would result in the maximal general system effect, which is the main task of the target co-ordination. The main difficulty of modelling the investment activity in major financial and production groups lies in the necessity to take into account interconnection between individual participants of the investment process and co-ordination of their interests and actions. The proposed approaches to analysis and selection of investment projects inside a major financial and industrial group facilitates making a co-ordination decision on distribution of investment resources of the general system fund and funds of individual system subdivisions. In the result of the study the article offers to use specific models of co-ordination of investment activity. These models would allow taking into consideration interaction of elements and co-ordination of interests and impact of each decision made on the state of the system. The article identifies a number of comparison criteria in the process of modelling the tasks of assessment and selection of investment projects in major financial and industrial groups. It calculates global priorities of all projects and identifies best alternatives. The proposed models could be used for assessment of interaction of elements when developing the general system investment strategy. The prospect of further studies could be identification of next approaches of optimisation of selection of the investment programme in major financial and industrial corporations.

  15. 76 FR 17447 - Penske Logistics LLC a Subsidiary of General Electric/Penske Corporation Including On-Site Leased...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration Penske Logistics LLC a Subsidiary of General Electric/Penske... former workers of Penske Logistics LLC, a subsidiary of General Electric/Penske Corporation, El Paso...

  16. 76 FR 75599 - General Motors LLC, Grant of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-02

    ...General Motors LLC (GM),\\1\\ has determined that approximately 1,113 Model Year (MY) 2011 Buick Regal passenger cars do not fully comply with paragraph S4.3(d) of 49 CFR 571.110, Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 110, Tire selection and rims and motor home/recreation vehicle trailer load carrying capacity information for motor vehicles with a GVWR of 4,536 kilograms (10,000 pounds) or less. GM filed an appropriate report pursuant to 49 CFR part 573, Defect and Noncompliance Responsibility and Reports dated July 26, 2010. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

  17. Halbach array motor/generators: A novel generalized electric machine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Merritt, B.T.; Post, R.F.; Dreifuerst, G.R.; Bender, D.A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1995-02-01

    For many years Klaus Halbach has been investigating novel designs for permanent magnet arrays, using advanced analytical approaches and employing a keen insight into such systems. One of his motivations for this research was to find more efficient means for the utilization of permanent magnets for use in particle accelerators and in the control of particle beams. As a result of his pioneering work, high power free-electron laser systems, such as the ones built at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, became feasible, and his arrays have been incorporated into other particle-focusing systems of various types. This paper reports another, quite different, application of Klaus` work, in the design of high power, high efficiency, electric generators and motors. When tested, these motor/generator systems display some rather remarkable properties. Their success derives from the special properties which these arrays, which the authors choose to call {open_quotes}Halbach arrays,{close_quotes} possess.

  18. Intracellular transport driven by cytoskeletal motors: General mechanisms and defects

    CERN Document Server

    Appert-Rolland, Cecile; Santen, Ludger

    2015-01-01

    Cells are strongly out-of-equilibrium systems driven by continuous energy supply. They carry out many vital functions requiring active transport of various ingredients and organelles, some being small, others being large. The cytoskeleton, composed of three types of filaments, determines the shape of the cell and plays a role in cell motion. It also serves as a road network for the so-called cytoskeletal motors. These molecules can attach to a cytoskeletal filament, perform directed motion, possibly carrying along some cargo, and then detach. It is a central issue to understand how intracellular transport driven by molecular motors is regulated, in particular because its breakdown is one of the signatures of some neuronal diseases like the Alzheimer. We give a survey of the current knowledge on microtubule based intracellular transport. We first review some biological facts obtained from experiments, and present some modeling attempts based on cellular automata. We start with background knowledge on the origi...

  19. CFD and thermal analysis applications at General Motors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Johnson, J.P. [General Motors Corp., Warren, Michigan (United States)

    2002-07-01

    The presentation will include a brief history of the growth of CFD and thermal analysis in GM's vehicle program divisions. Its relationship to the underlying computer infrastructure will be sketched. Application results will be presented for calculations in aerodynamics, flow through heat exchangers, engine compartment thermal studies, HVAC systems and others. Current technical challenges will be outlined including grid generation, turbulence modeling, heat transfer, and solution algorithms. The introduction of CFD and heat transfer results into Virtual Vehicle Reviews, and its potential impact on a company's CAE infrastructure will be noted. Finally, some broad comments will be made on the management of CFD and heat transfer technology across a global corporate enterprise. (author)

  20. A remote computer graphics user at General Motors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, H. S.

    1982-01-01

    The successful use of automotive body surface design data is described. This data has been originally created elsewhere in GM's two large computer graphics systems of CADANCE and Fisher Graphics. As a supplier exterior lighting components, radiator grilles, energy absorbing soft faced bumper systems, and other associated items, Guide has become most dependent on the corporate computer graphics systems to supply accurate car body styling and sheet metal surfacing information for the design of their products. The presentation includes the origin and transfer of design data to a remote user site; its use in the design of their products; and the ultimate production of detailed drawings, N/C punched tapes, and subsequent downstream transfers of detailed part data to a turnkey system for tool design purposes.

  1. Electric vehicles pick up speed as oil prices climb. [General Motors planning EVs in 1985

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bowe, J.

    1980-02-01

    General Motors recently announced that in 1985, its Chevrolet division will begin manufacturing either two-passenger electric automobiles, or small electric vans, or both. Key features of the electric-vehicles will be a separately excited DC motor, regenerative braking, electronic controls, and coil-type suspension. Newly developed zinc-nickel batteries promise higher speeds (up to about 55 mph) and a longer cruising range (about 100 mi before needing a recharge and 30,000 mi before needing replacement). General Motors' commitment to the electric-vehicle market signals the beginning of a radical departure from a traditional petroleum-based economy. (1 diagram, 1 drawing, 2 photos)

  2. Corporate ethic policy

    OpenAIRE

    Хадарцева, Лариса; Кайтмазов, Владимир

    2014-01-01

    The article deals with the general concept of business ethics, a corporate code of ethics and corporate social responsibility. Corporations take pains to promote sustainability through codes of ethics and their efforts are positively received by consumers.

  3. Development of a Superconducting Magnet System for the ONR/General Atomics Homopolar Motor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaubel, K. M.; Langhorn, A. R.; Creedon, W. P.; Johanson, N. W.; Sheynin, S.; Thome, R. J.

    2006-04-01

    This paper describes the design, testing and operational experience of a superconducting magnet system presently in use on the Homopolar Motor Program. The homopolar motor is presently being tested at General Atomics in San Diego, California for the U.S Navy Office of Naval Research. The magnet system consists of two identical superconducting solenoid coils housed in two cryostats mounted integrally within the homopolar motor housing. The coils provide the static magnetic field required for motor operation and are wound using NbTi superconductor in a copper matrix. Each magnet is conduction cooled using a Gifford McMahon cryocooler. The coils are in close proximity to the iron motor housing requiring a cold to warm support structure with high stiffness and strength. The design of the coils, cold to warm support structure, cryogenic system, and the overall magnet system design will be described. The test results and operational experience will also be described.

  4. Strain Mediated Adaptation Is Key for Myosin Mechanochemistry: Discovering General Rules for Motor Activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jana, Biman; Onuchic, José N

    2016-08-01

    A structure-based model of myosin motor is built in the same spirit of our early work for kinesin-1 and Ncd towards physical understanding of its mechanochemical cycle. We find a structural adaptation of the motor head domain in post-powerstroke state that signals faster ADP release from it compared to the same from the motor head in the pre-powerstroke state. For dimeric myosin, an additional forward strain on the trailing head, originating from the postponed powerstroke state of the leading head in the waiting state of myosin, further increases the rate of ADP release. This coordination between the two heads is the essence of the processivity of the cycle. Our model provides a structural description of the powerstroke step of the cycle as an allosteric transition of the converter domain in response to the Pi release. Additionally, the variation in structural elements peripheral to catalytic motor domain is the deciding factor behind diverse directionalities of myosin motors (myosin V & VI). Finally, we observe that there are general rules for functional molecular motors across the different families. Allosteric structural adaptation of the catalytic motor head in different nucleotide states is crucial for mechanochemistry. Strain-mediated coordination between motor heads is essential for processivity and the variation of peripheral structural elements is essential for their diverse functionalities.

  5. Motor Performance in Children with Generalized Hypermobility : The Influence of Muscle Strength and Exercise Capacity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hanewinkel-van Kleef, Yvonne B.; Helders, Paul J. M.; Takken, Tim; Engelbert, Raoul H.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate whether muscle strength and functional exercise capacity (FEC) influence motor performance in children with generalized joint hypermobility. Methods: Forty-one children (mean age: 8.1 years) with symptomatic generalized hypermobility were included. M

  6. Motor Performance in Children with Generalized Hypermobility : The Influence of Muscle Strength and Exercise Capacity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hanewinkel-van Kleef, Yvonne B.; Helders, Paul J. M.; Takken, Tim; Engelbert, Raoul H.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate whether muscle strength and functional exercise capacity (FEC) influence motor performance in children with generalized joint hypermobility. Methods: Forty-one children (mean age: 8.1 years) with symptomatic generalized hypermobility were included. M

  7. 76 FR 79221 - Penske Logistics, LLC, Customer Service Department General Motors and Tier Finished Goods...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-21

    ... Employment and Training Administration Penske Logistics, LLC, Customer Service Department General Motors and... workers of Penske Logistics, LLC, Customer Service Department, a subsidiary of General Electric/Penske... correct name of the worker group department of the subject firm should read Penske Logistics, LLC...

  8. Application for certification for 1978 model year heavy-duty vehicles - General Motors corporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-03-01

    Every year each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. The application consists of two parts. In the part I, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems, and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. The part I also provides information on emission test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing. The part II application, submitted after emission testing is completed, contains the results of emission testing, a statement of compliance to the regulations, and maintenance instructions to be followed by the ultimate owners of the vehicles.

  9. Application for certification, 1986 model year heavy-duty vehicles - General Motors Corporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1985-01-01

    Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. It also provides information on emission test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing. Section 16 of the application contains the results of emission testing, a statement of compliance to the regulations, production engine parameters, and a Summary Sheet Input Form on which issuance of a Certificate of Conformity is based.

  10. Application for certification 1983 model year heavy-duty engines - General Motors Corporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1983-01-01

    Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. It also provides information on emission test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing. Section 16 of the application contains the results of emission testing, a statement of compliance to the regulations, production engine parameters, and a Summary Sheet Input Form on which issuance of a Certificate of Conformity is based.

  11. 76 FR 43349 - General Motors Corporation, Renaissance Center, including On-Site Leased Workers From Accretive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-20

    ... the Federal Register on May 20, 2010 (75 FR 28299). The notice was amended on August 31, 2010 to... Register on September 13, 2010 (75 FR 55613-55614). At the request of the State agency, the Department...

  12. Application for certification 1981 model year heavy duty gasoline vehicles - General Motors Corporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems, and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. It also provides information on emission test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing. Section 16 of the application contains the results of emission testing, a statement of compliance to the regulations, production engine parameters, and a Summary Sheet Input Form on which issuance of a Certificate of Conformity is based.

  13. Application for certification, 1986 model year heavy-duty vehicles/engines - General Motors Corporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1986-01-01

    Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. It also provides information on emission test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing. Section 16 of the application contains the results of emission testing, a statement of compliance to the regulations, production engine parameters, and a Summary Sheet Input Form on which issuance of a Certificate of Conformity is based.

  14. Application for certification model year 1981 light-duty vehicles - General Motors Corporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems, and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. It also provides information on emission test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing. Section 16 of the application contains the results of emission testing, a statement of compliance to the regulations, production engine parameters, and a Summary Sheet Input Form on which issuance of a Certificate of Conformity is based.

  15. Application for certification for 1978 model year heavy-duty vehicles - General Motors Corporation, supplement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1978-03-01

    Every year each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles or heavy-engines submits to EPA an application for certification. The application consists of two parts. In the part I, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems, and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. The part I also provides information on emission test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing. The part II application, submitted after emission testing is completed, contains the results of emission testing, a statement of compliance to the regulations, and maintenance instructions to be followed by the ultimate owners of the vehicles.

  16. Application for certification 1987 model year heavy-duty vehicles/engines - General Motors Corporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-01-01

    Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. They also provide information on emission test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing, a statement of compliance to the regulations, production engine parameters, and a Summary Sheet Input Form on which issuance of a Certificate of Conformity is based.

  17. Application for certification 1993 model year light-duty vehicles - General Motors Corporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-01-01

    Every year, each manufacturer of passenger cars, light-duty trucks, motorcycles, or heavy-duty engines submits to EPA an application for certification. In the application, the manufacturer gives a detailed technical description of the vehicles or engines he intends to market during the upcoming model year. These engineering data include explanations and/or drawings which describe engine/vehicle parameters such as basic engine design, fuel systems, ignition systems and exhaust and evaporative emission control systems. It also provides information on emission test procedures, service accumulation procedures, fuels to be used, and proposed maintenance requirements to be followed during testing. Section 16 of the application contains the results of emission testing, a statement of compliance to the regulations, production engine parameters, and a Summary Sheet Input Form on which issuance of a Certificate of Conformity is based.

  18. Force per cross-sectional area from molecules to muscles: a general property of biological motors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rospars, Jean-Pierre; Meyer-Vernet, Nicole

    2016-07-01

    We propose to formally extend the notion of specific tension, i.e. force per cross-sectional area-classically used for muscles, to quantify forces in molecular motors exerting various biological functions. In doing so, we review and compare the maximum tensions exerted by about 265 biological motors operated by about 150 species of different taxonomic groups. The motors considered range from single molecules and motile appendages of microorganisms to whole muscles of large animals. We show that specific tensions exerted by molecular and non-molecular motors follow similar statistical distributions, with in particular, similar medians and (logarithmic) means. Over the 10(19) mass (M) range of the cell or body from which the motors are extracted, their specific tensions vary as M(α) with α not significantly different from zero. The typical specific tension found in most motors is about 200 kPa, which generalizes to individual molecular motors and microorganisms a classical property of macroscopic muscles. We propose a basic order-of-magnitude interpretation of this result.

  19. APRENDIZAJE MOTOR Y SÍNDROME GENERAL DE ADAPTACIÓN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. J. Moreno

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

     

    RESUMEN

    Este trabajo examina las posibilidades del Síndrome General de Adaptación como un marco de referencia para explicar y predecir los cambios producidos por el Aprendizaje Motor. Se parte de la consideración del ser humano como un sistema complejo en continua interacción con su entorno y el aprendizaje como un proceso de adaptación a las condiciones impuestas por la tarea. Se propone el concepto de carga de práctica análogo al de carga de entrenamiento, considerando que la práctica, vehículo del aprendizaje, debe aplicarse como una estimulación suficiente como para desencadenar en el aprendiz una adaptación a un nuevo nivel de rendimiento. En base a esta propuesta, se relacionan los principios del entrenamiento deportivo con el aprendizaje de habilidades motrices. Se formula una perspectiva teórica que trata de explicar de forma común los procesos de modificación de los patrones motores independientemente del nivel de complejidad, conllevando los mismos principios relacionados con la adaptación a una carga y aportando criterios para elaborar unos principios generales de actuación que deberían ayudar a diseñar las tareas de aprendizaje.
    Palabras Clave:Aprendizaje Motor, adaptación, sistemas complejos, entrenamiento, técnica.

     

    ABSTRACT

    This work examines the General Adaptation Syndrome like a suitable framework to explain motor learning processes. Human motor behaviour is viewed like a complex system continuously interacting in the environment. Motor learning is proposed as an adaptation process to the tasks constraints. Training loads and practice load are also considered analogous. Practice is the

  20. Optimization Evaluation, General Motors Former AC Rochester Facility, Sioux City, Iowa

    Science.gov (United States)

    The General Motors (GM) Former AC Rochester Facility (site) is located within the valley of the Missouri River in Sioux City, Iowa and is bounded by a steep loess bluff to the north, commercial properties to the east, and undeveloped properties to the...

  1. 75 FR 65513 - General Motors Company, Pontiac Company, Pontiac, MI; Notice of Affirmative Determination...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-25

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Company, Pontiac Company, Pontiac, MI; Notice of Affirmative Determination Regarding Application for Reconsideration By application dated June 11, 2010, a representative of the International Union of...

  2. 75 FR 11937 - General Motors Company, Lordstown Stamping Plant, Warren, OH; Notice of Termination of Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration General Motors Company, Lordstown Stamping Plant, Warren, OH; Notice of Termination of Investigation Pursuant to Section 221 of the Trade Act of 1974, as amended, an investigation was initiated on September 28, 2009 in...

  3. Developing an Industry-Education Community: The United Auto Workers/General Motors Quality Educator Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobson, Stephen; Walline, James

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we review the evolution of the Quality Educator Program (QEP), a program sponsored by the United Auto Workers (UAW)/General Motors (GM) that employs school teachers, administrators, and college and university faculty each summer in GM assembly plants. The QEP provides educators and those in industry the unique opportunity to interact…

  4. General Motors ja Toyota otsivad koostöövõimalusi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    General Motors ja Toyota teatasid, et on loobunud koostööst hübriidautode arendamisel, uus koostöölepe ettevõtete vahel sõlmitakse sõiduautode turvalisust ja keskkonnasõbralikkust käsitlevate uuringute korraldamiseks

  5. Impact of motor vehicle accidents on neck pain and disability in general practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.J. Vos (Kees); A.P. Verhagen (Arianne); J. Passchier (Jan); B.W. Koes (Bart)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractBackground: High levels of continuous neck pain after a motor vehicle accident (MVA) are reported in cross-sectional studies. Knowledge of this association in general practice is limited. Aim: To compare the differences in perceived pain and disability in patients with acute neck pain du

  6. General Motors ja Toyota otsivad koostöövõimalusi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    General Motors ja Toyota teatasid, et on loobunud koostööst hübriidautode arendamisel, uus koostöölepe ettevõtete vahel sõlmitakse sõiduautode turvalisust ja keskkonnasõbralikkust käsitlevate uuringute korraldamiseks

  7. Space Vector Based Generalized Dpwm Algorithms for Vsi Fed Induction Motor Drive

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Praveena

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents Space Vector based Generalized DiscontinuousPulse width modulation (GDPWM algorithms for VSI fed Induction motor drive. To avoid the complexity due to angle calculation and sector identification involved in Conventional space vector pulse width modulation (CSVPWM. The Proposed algorithms use the concept of Imaginary Switching times and a constant variable µ and modulation phase angle δ are used to generate modulating waveforms.The proposed algorithms results in reduced current ripple over CSVPWM. To validate the proposed methods, simulation is carried on V/f controlled Induction Motor drive in MATLAB/SIMULINK environment and the results are discussed.

  8. Motor competence and physical activity in 8-year-old school children with generalized joint hypermobility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul-Kristensen, Birgit; Kristensen, Jens Halkjaer; Frausing, Britt;

    2009-01-01

    were clinically examined and tested for motor competence, whereas questionnaire response to items comprising musculoskeletal pain and injuries, in addition to daily level and duration of physical activity, corresponded to 377 (71.9%) children. RESULTS: In total, 29% of the children had GJH4, 19% had...... regarding motor competence, self-reported physical activity, and incidence of musculoskeletal pain and injuries. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 524 children in the second grade from 10 public schools was performed. A positive response rate was obtained for 416 (79.4%) children, and 411 (78.4%) children......OBJECTIVE: Because the criteria used for diagnosing between generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) and musculoskeletal complaints, as well as relations between GJH and an insufficient motor development and/or a reduced physical activity level differ, the prevalence of GJH varies considerably...

  9. Hemiparesis after general anesthesia in a patient with migraine with unilateral motor symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadler, Rachel A; Schiffman, Joshua M; Augoustides, John G; Liu, Renyu; Chen, Linda

    2016-06-01

    This is a case report. The setting is at a postoperative recovery area. A 52-year-old woman with a history of migraine with unilateral motor symptoms developed hemiparesis after undergoing general anesthesia for total thyroidectomy. No interventions were performed. Head computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were normal. Laboratory studies including basic metabolic panel and complete blood count were also within normal limits. General anesthesia may be a trigger for hemiplegic migraine syndromes; however, it behooves the practitioner to rule out acute neurologic and metabolic events before making this diagnosis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Corporate Consumer Contact API

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — The data in the Corporate Consumer Contact API is based on the content you can find in the Corporate Consumer Contact listing in the Consumer Action Handbook (PDF)....

  11. Adaptive Stacked Generalization for Multiclass Motor Imagery-Based Brain Computer Interfaces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolas-Alonso, Luis F; Corralejo, Rebeca; Gomez-Pilar, Javier; Álvarez, Daniel; Hornero, Roberto

    2015-07-01

    Practical motor imagery-based brain computer interface (MI-BCI) applications are limited by the difficult to decode brain signals in a reliable way. In this paper, we propose a processing framework to address non-stationarity, as well as handle spectral, temporal, and spatial characteristics associated with execution of motor tasks. Stacked generalization is used to exploit the power of classifier ensembles for combining information coming from multiple sources and reducing the existing uncertainty in EEG signals. The outputs of several regularized linear discriminant analysis (RLDA) models are combined to account for temporal, spatial, and spectral information. The resultant algorithm is called stacked RLDA (SRLDA). Additionally, an adaptive processing stage is introduced before classification to reduce the harmful effect of intersession non-stationarity. The benefits of the proposed method are evaluated on the BCI Competition IV dataset 2a. We demonstrate its effectiveness in binary and multiclass settings with four different motor imagery tasks: left-hand, right-hand, both feet, and tongue movements. The results show that adaptive SRLDA outperforms the winner of the competition and other approaches tested on this multiclass dataset.

  12. Corporate Responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Waddock, Sandra; Rasche, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    We define and discuss the concept of corporate responsibility. We suggest that corporate responsibility has some unique characteristics, which makes it different from earlier conceptions of corporate social responsibility. Our discussion further shows commonalities and differences between corporate...... responsibility and related concepts, such as corporate citizenship and business ethics. We also outline some ways in which corporations have implemented corporate responsibility in practice....

  13. Corporate Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Astrid Heidemann

    Corporate entrepreneurship is often highlighted as being more relevant than ever, as a viable means for existing organizations to pursue creative new solutions to the complex challenges facing firms today. This includes continuously exploring and exploiting previously unexploited opportunities, a...... entrepreneurship and innovation, and identifying management practices supportive of these particular innovation processes.......Corporate entrepreneurship is often highlighted as being more relevant than ever, as a viable means for existing organizations to pursue creative new solutions to the complex challenges facing firms today. This includes continuously exploring and exploiting previously unexploited opportunities......, and thereby moving the organization to a new state of being. In spite of a general consensus on a strong interlinkage between the concepts of innovation and corporate entrepreneurship, the nature of this linkage is rarely addressed directly. This has made further research in the two areas problematic, mainly...

  14. Extra corporal membrane oxygenation in general thoracic surgery: a new single veno-venous cannulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kanaan Reem

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO is used in severe respiratory failure to maintain adequate gas exchange. So far, this technique has not been commonly used in general thoracic surgery. We present a case using ECMO for peri-operative airway management for pulmonary resection, using a novel single-site, internal jugular, veno-venous ECMO cannula.

  15. Electrification of General Motors' vehicles. A portfolio of solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grebe, Uwe D.; Nitz, Larry T. [General Motors Company, Pontiac, MI (United States)

    2011-07-01

    The electrification of the automobile is progressing fast and is changing the architecture of future vehicles tremendously. This trend is a result of the need for higher vehicle efficiency and the desire to diversify the energy sources used for transportation. General Motors offers a wide portfolio of solutions for vehicle electrification to meet the expectations of customers. Micro-hybrid systems for engine stop-start will become a standard solution for many market segments. Mild and strong hybrid systems together with optimized combustion engines enable the next level of propulsion system efficiency. Plugin hybrids offer the possibility to supplement the energy in the fuel with energy from the grid. The Chevrolet Volt and the Opel Ampera are electric vehicles with extended range. They operate as an electric vehicle as long as there is useful energy in the battery. However, unlike a battery electric vehicle they do not suffer from lost vehicle utility when the battery is depleted. Volt and Ampera can continue operation by using an internal combustion engine. General Motors will widen its portfolio by offering battery-electric vehicles and fuel cellelectric vehicles in the near future. GM sees a coexistence of all the different electrified propulsion systems over the coming decades. (orig.)

  16. An anatomically structured sensory-motor sequence learning system displays some general linguistic capacities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dominey, P F

    1997-08-01

    The capacity in primates to master temporal-sequential constraints from the external world might provide a basis for accommodating similar constraints in language. While the neural specialization required for language clearly distinguishes man from the other primates, it is less clear to what extent this specialization constitutes a drastic neurophysiological divergence versus a variation on an existing sequencing capability. In an effort to address this issue, an anatomically structured neural network model, previously developed to reproduce complex sensory-motor sequences and the corresponding single-unit recordings from primate prefrontal cortex, is studied in a simple linguistic context. The model is presented sentences from a small language and demonstrates a simple capacity to "understand" and generalize at different levels. Interactions between variations on (a) the model architecture and (b) the target language structure agree with data from crosslinguistic aphasia studies. These results support the hypothesis that a brain architecture for nonlinguistic cognitive functions (in this case sensory-motor sequencing) can provide a basis for a general sequence processing component of linguistic function.

  17. General motors sulfate dispersion experiment: an overview of the wind, temperature, and concentration fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chock, D.P.

    1977-01-01

    A major purpose of the General Motors Sulfate Dispersion Experiment was to study the influence of traffic on the dispersion of pollutants near the roadway. It was found that when the crossroad wind component was low there was upwind dispersion within a few meters of the road. This dispersion was further enhanced when a component of the wind was opposing the traffic in the upwind lanes. The vertical velocity fluctuation (sigma/sub w/) was generally higher in the downwind region than in the upwind region of the road, especially at low wind speeds. Thus, mechanical mixing due to the traffic contributed significantly to the vertical expansion of the plume. Waste heat generated from the traffic also resulted in plume rise near the roadway. Due to the relatively long time scale associated with the buoyancy effect, appreciable plume rise was observed mainly at very low crossroad winds. The implications of the experiment on the Gaussian model are discussed.

  18. The General Equilibrium Model with Joint Ownership of the Corporation (Voting Stock and the Core),

    Science.gov (United States)

    general equilibrium system. The point specifically is that the Arrow-Debreu treatment of the joint ownership of industry by introducing shares which can be treated, requires further specification. The need for further specification can be seen immediately when this model is examined not for the competitive equilibrium but for the core. It is well known that the competitive equilibrium is contained within the core. However it will be shown that unless extra conditions are imposed on the control of stock the resultant game may have no core whatsoever and hence no competitive

  19. Footedness is associated with self-reported sporting performance and motor abilities in the general population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulrich S Tran

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Left-handers may have strategic advantages over right-handers in interactive sports and innate superior abilities that are beneficial for sports. Previous studies relied on differing criteria for handedness classification and mostly did not investigate mixed preferences and footedness. Footedness appears to be less influenced by external and societal factors than handedness. Utilizing latent class analysis and structural equation modeling, we investigated in a series of studies (total N > 15300 associations of handedness and footedness with self-reported sporting performance and motor abilities in the general population. Using a discovery and a replication sample (ns = 7658 and 5062, Study 1 revealed replicable beneficial effects of mixed-footedness and left-footedness in team sports, martial arts and fencing, dancing, skiing, and swimming. Study 2 (n = 2592 showed that footedness for unskilled bipedal movement tasks, but not for skilled unipedal tasks, was beneficial for sporting performance. Mixed- and left-footedness had effects on motor abilities that were consistent with published results on better brain interhemispheric communication, but also akin to testosterone-induced effects regarding flexibility, strength, and endurance. Laterality effects were only small. Possible neural and hormonal bases of observed effects need to be examined in future studies.

  20. Footedness Is Associated with Self-reported Sporting Performance and Motor Abilities in the General Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Ulrich S; Voracek, Martin

    2016-01-01

    Left-handers may have strategic advantages over right-handers in interactive sports and innate superior abilities that are beneficial for sports. Previous studies relied on differing criteria for handedness classification and mostly did not investigate mixed preferences and footedness. Footedness appears to be less influenced by external and societal factors than handedness. Utilizing latent class analysis and structural equation modeling, we investigated in a series of studies (total N > 15300) associations of handedness and footedness with self-reported sporting performance and motor abilities in the general population. Using a discovery and a replication sample (ns = 7658 and 5062), Study 1 revealed replicable beneficial effects of mixed-footedness and left-footedness in team sports, martial arts and fencing, dancing, skiing, and swimming. Study 2 (n = 2592) showed that footedness for unskilled bipedal movement tasks, but not for skilled unipedal tasks, was beneficial for sporting performance. Mixed- and left-footedness had effects on motor abilities that were consistent with published results on better brain interhemispheric communication, but also akin to testosterone-induced effects regarding flexibility, strength, and endurance. Laterality effects were only small. Possible neural and hormonal bases of observed effects need to be examined in future studies.

  1. Enfoques metodológicos de la psicomotricidad en Educación Infantil: Influencia para el desarrollo motor y del esquema corporal en el alumnado de Segundo Ciclo.

    OpenAIRE

    Rioja-Fuentelsaz, Tatiana

    2013-01-01

    Este estudio analiza los efectos en el desarrollo motor que la aproximación en metodología psicomotriz puede tener en niños del segundo ciclo de Educación Infantil. La metodología seguida ha sido cuasi-experimental, con tres grupos: El primero de ellos ha seguido una intervención basado en una aproximación vivencial o relacional, el segundo de ellos un método mixto y el tercero una intervención dirigida. El desarrollo motor y el esquema corporal ha sido evaluado usando las ocho...

  2. The paradoxes of patenting at General Electric: Isador Ladoff's journey from Siberian exile to the heart of corporate capitalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, David Philip

    2011-12-01

    Isador Ladoff (1857-1918) worked briefly in the General Electric Company Research Laboratory, from 1901 to 1903. Since he was not employed to invent, Ladoff maintained that he, not the company, owned his invention of a new arc lamp electrode, eventually winning his case on appeal in 1911. The conduct and course of this patent litigation are examined in the light of Ladoff's remarkable life as a prisoner of the czar in Siberia before his escape to the United States in 1891 and as a socialist activist and writer thereafter. In showing that Ladoff's socialist principles activated his struggle with GE, the essay brings out the ironies of his defense of individualism against the incipient socialism of the laboratory supposedly espoused by officials of the company. The case is interesting in relation to the shift from the ideology, and the reality, of heroic individual invention to that of corporate invention in U.S. industrial research. That shift in turn was a crucial landmark in the longer history of the place of science in negotiation and contest about the relationship between creativity and intellectual property.

  3. 78 FR 60019 - General Motors, LLC, Receipt of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... inconsequential to motor vehicle safety for the following reasons: 1. There is minimal risk that the operator will..., 2012, do not fully comply with paragraphs S3.1.4.1(a) and (b) of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard... noncompliance is inconsequential to motor vehicle safety. This notice of receipt of GM's petition is published...

  4. Resting motor threshold in idiopathic generalized epilepsies: a systematic review with meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brigo, Francesco; Storti, Monica; Benedetti, Maria Donata; Rossini, Fabio; Nardone, Raffaele; Tezzon, Frediano; Fiaschi, Antonio; Bongiovanni, Luigi Giuseppe; Manganotti, Paolo

    2012-08-01

    Resting motor threshold (rMT) assessed by means of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is thought to reflect trans-synaptic excitability of cortico-spinal neurons. TMS studies reporting rMT in idiopathic generalized epilepsies (IGEs) yielded discrepant results, so that it is difficult to draw a definitive conclusion on cortico-spinal excitability in IGEs by simple summation of previous results regarding this measure. Our purpose was to carry out a systematic review and a meta-analysis of studies evaluating rMT values obtained during single-pulse TMS in patients with IGEs. Controlled studies measuring rMT by single-pulse TMS in drug-naive patients older than 12 years affected by IGEs were systematically reviewed. rMT values were assessed calculating mean difference and odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Fourteen trials (265 epileptic patients and 424 controls) were included. Patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) have a statistically significant lower rMT compared with controls (mean difference: -6.78; 95% CI -10.55 to -3.00); when considering all subtypes of IGEs and IGEs other than JME no statistically significant differences were found. Overall considered, the results are indicative of a cortico-spinal hyper-excitability in JME, providing not enough evidence for motor hyper-excitability in other subtypes of IGE. The considerable variability across studies probably reflects the presence of relevant clinical and methodological heterogeneity, and higher temporal variability among rMT measurements over time, related to unstable cortical excitability in these patients.

  5. The use of generalized estimating equations in the analysis of motor vehicle crash data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutchings, Caroline B; Knight, Stacey; Reading, James C

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if it is necessary to use generalized estimating equations (GEEs) in the analysis of seat belt effectiveness in preventing injuries in motor vehicle crashes. The 1992 Utah crash dataset was used, excluding crash participants where seat belt use was not appropriate (n=93,633). The model used in the 1996 Report to Congress [Report to congress on benefits of safety belts and motorcycle helmets, based on data from the Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System (CODES). National Center for Statistics and Analysis, NHTSA, Washington, DC, February 1996] was analyzed for all occupants with logistic regression, one level of nesting (occupants within crashes), and two levels of nesting (occupants within vehicles within crashes) to compare the use of GEEs with logistic regression. When using one level of nesting compared to logistic regression, 13 of 16 variance estimates changed more than 10%, and eight of 16 parameter estimates changed more than 10%. In addition, three of the independent variables changed from significant to insignificant (alpha=0.05). With the use of two levels of nesting, two of 16 variance estimates and three of 16 parameter estimates changed more than 10% from the variance and parameter estimates in one level of nesting. One of the independent variables changed from insignificant to significant (alpha=0.05) in the two levels of nesting model; therefore, only two of the independent variables changed from significant to insignificant when the logistic regression model was compared to the two levels of nesting model. The odds ratio of seat belt effectiveness in preventing injuries was 12% lower when a one-level nested model was used. Based on these results, we stress the need to use a nested model and GEEs when analyzing motor vehicle crash data.

  6. Fuel cells. Dow Chemical and General Motors join in to produce 35 MW of electricity by 2010; Piles a combustible. Dow Chemical et General Motors s'associent pour produire 35 MW d'electricite en 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garrigues, A.

    2003-08-01

    The two US multinational companies Dow Chemical and General Motors are jointly working for the implementation of one of the hugest project of power generation with fuel cells. Its originality concerns the recovery of the hydrogen generated by chemical processes. Short paper. (J.S.)

  7. Simplified modeling and generalized predictive position control of an ultrasonic motor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bigdeli, Nooshin; Haeri, Mohammad

    2005-04-01

    Ultrasonic motors (USM's) possess heavy nonlinear and load dependent characteristics such as dead-zone and saturation reverse effects, which vary with driving conditions. In this paper, behavior of an ultrasonic motor is modeled using Hammerstein model structure and experimental measurements. Also, model predictive controllers are designed to obtain precise USM position control. Simulation results indicate improved performance of the motor for both set point tracking and disturbance rejection.

  8. Generalized solution of indirect vector control of induction motors with maximum torque per ampere ration in statics

    OpenAIRE

    Пересада, Сергей Михайлович; Дымко, Сергей Сергеевич; Ковбаса, Сергей Николаевич

    2010-01-01

    The paper reports a generalized solution of indirect vector control of induction motors with maximum torque per ampere ratio. A novel indirect field-oriented torque tracking controller is designed, which guarantees asymptotic torque and flux tracking with asymptotic field orientation. Results of simulation and experimental tests illustrate important features of the control proposed.

  9. Is Motor Performance in 5.5-Year-Old Children Associated with the Presence of Generalized Joint Hypermobility?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer, R.M. de; Vlimmeren, L.A. van; Scheper, M.C.; Sanden, M.W. van der; Engelbert, R.H.

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) in Dutch children aged 5.5 years, and to examine the association between GJH and motor performance and development over time. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort of 249 children was recruited. GJH was assessed with the Be

  10. A Comparison of the Effectiveness of Interactive Laser Disc and Classroom Video Tape for Safety Instruction of General Motors Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosco, James; Wagner, Jerry

    1988-01-01

    Describes evaluation that assessed the effectiveness of the Interactive Laser Disc System (ILDS) Training Program in comparison with classroom instruction with videotape for training of General Motors workers. Topics discussed include achievement test, attitude scales, opinion surveys, user preference questionnaires, interviews, and variables that…

  11. The Use of Counter-Attack in Apologetic Public Relations Crises: The Case of General Motors vs. Dateline NBC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hearit, Keith Michael

    1996-01-01

    Analyzes an apologetic exchange between General Motors (GM) and NBC in 1992-93 over the safety of GM's C/K trucks. Concludes that NBC and GM used "kategoria-based apologiae," a heavy-handed strategy, in their interchange, but that, when used correctly, the strategy can be an important resource in challenging inaccurate and/or misleading…

  12. Corporate social responsibility in Ukraine

    OpenAIRE

    Polyakova, E.

    2013-01-01

    In the article are considered essence of corporate social responsibility and terms necessary for realization of social activity management subjects. Hikes over are brought to realization of corporate social responsibility, meaningfulness of large and middle business is certain in becoming of social responsibility of enterprises. It is set that exactly midsize business must come forward as a main motor of economic development of Ukraine. Becoming features and modern state of corporate social r...

  13. Corporate Branding and Corporate Reputation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karmark, Esben

    2013-01-01

    Corporate branding has been seen as developing in “waves”. This chapter explores the links between corporate branding and corporate reputation as they emerge in the context of three waves of corporate branding. It highlights the way in which the two constructs have related to each other through o...... for corporate brands and corporate communication.......Corporate branding has been seen as developing in “waves”. This chapter explores the links between corporate branding and corporate reputation as they emerge in the context of three waves of corporate branding. It highlights the way in which the two constructs have related to each other through...... organizational culture and identity, and how, although characterized by parallel developments, new ideas and models from a “third” wave of corporate branding challenge prevailing assumptions of corporate reputation particularly in terms of the assumptions that reputations emerge from authentic and transparent...

  14. General Motors sulfate dispersion experiment: assessment of the EPA HIWAY model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chock, D.P.

    1977-01-01

    A major objective of the General Motors Sulfate Dispersion Experiment was to investigate the validity of the Environmental Protection Agency's HIWAY dispersion model. This model was the basis for the high roadside predictions made by EPA in 1975. Comparisons of measurements with predictions show that at the pedestrian level downwind from the road, the model works fairly well under unstable conditions, but overpredicts for stable conditions. The overpredictions get worse as the wind speed decreases, as the wind direction becomes parallel to the road, and as the distance from the road increases. For the upwind dispersion, however, the model is inapplicable. Under extremely stable or worst meteorological conditions, variable winds at different heights and plume-rise due to the heated exhaust completely invalidate the model. The overpredictions at the bottom level downwind can be very substantial. When the wind is parallel to the road, overpredictions occur at all sampling positions. New dispersion parameters were determined which substantiate the expectation that mechanical mixing due to the traffic wake completely dominates the effects of atmospheric stability, except under extremely stable conditions. It is believed that the overprediction of the HIWAY model at ground level will become worse as the number of traffic lanes increases.

  15. Continuous observation of particulates during the General Motors sulfate dispersion experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Courtney, W.J.; Rheingrover, S.; Pilotte, J.; Kaufmann, H.C.; Cahill, T.A.; Nelson, J.W.

    1978-03-01

    During the General Motors Sulfate Dispersion Experiment of 1975, filter samples of particulate matter were collected continuously and impactor samples intermittently for the first half of October. The sulfur background which varied by an order of magnitude was analyzed in detail and related to the weather situations. The three days of lowest background were selected for intensive analysis and indicate additions to the atmosphere during automobile runs of 1.0 ..mu..g/m/sup 3/ for sulfur, 0.7 ..mu..g/m/sup 3/ for calcium, and 0.3 ..mu..g/m/sup 3/ for iron. These values correspond to generation rates per automobile of 10.1 +- 1.7 mg/km for sulfur, 7.0 +- 0.9 mg/km for calcium, and 2.9 +- 0.8 mg/km for iron. An air particulate sampler comparison of the dichotomous and ''streaker'' sampler measurements shows excellent agreement between the two devices.

  16. 76 FR 73006 - General Motors, LLC, Grant of Petition for Decision of Inconsequential Noncompliance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-28

    ... present a risk to motor vehicle safety. Thus, GM requests that its petition, to exempt it from providing... Vehicle Safety Compliance, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), telephone (202) 366... condition will have no real or implied degradation of motor vehicle safety. GM also indicated that it has...

  17. 76 FR 7585 - General Motors Corporation Milford Proving Grounds Including On-Site Leased Workers From Adroit...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-10

    ..., Non-IT Business Development and Engineering Application Support Teams Milford, MI; Amended... investigation shows that workers of the Non-IT Business Development Team and the Engineering Applications... Business Development Team and Engineering Applications Support Team, Milford, Michigan. The amended...

  18. DC Motor and Generalized DC Motor Attributed to Self-Controlling Frequency%自控变频为属性的直流电动机及广义直流电动机

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童钟良

    2014-01-01

    The self-control behavior is the basic character of DC motor and generalized DC motor. The generalized DC motor is the new development of DC motor. The attribute of a DC motor may be reflected by self-controlled frequency. The measure of self-controlled frequency is also applied in the motor body of generalized DC motor. By mathematical deduction, it was explained that there was non-existence of the self-control behavior for synchronous motor in running. The motor system which is composed of motor body and self-controlled attachment is able to carry out self-control to the frequency and phases of the armature current, so that the performance of DC motor appears in generalized DC motor.%自控行为是直流电动机及广义直流电动机的基本特征。广义直流电动机是直流电动机的同类型电机,也是直流电动机的新发展。自控变频反映直流电动机的属性,广义直流电动机是对电机本体采取自控变频措施的电动机。依托数学推理阐明了同步电动机本无自控行为,以电机本体为主件与自控电气配件组成的机电一体化电机,对电枢电流的频率及相位实施自控,从而产生气隙磁场钳位,使广义直流电动机呈直流电动机的性能特征。

  19. General Motors and the University of Michigan smart materials and structures collaborative research laboratory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brei, Diann; Luntz, Jonathan; Shaw, John; Johnson, Nancy L.; Browne, Alan L.; Alexander, Paul W.; Mankame, Nilesh D.

    2007-04-01

    The field of Smart Materials and Structures is evolving from high-end, one-of-a-kind products for medical, military and aerospace applications to the point of viability for mainstream affordable high volume products for automotive applications. For the automotive industry, there are significant potential benefits to be realized including reduction in vehicle mass, added functionality and design flexibility and decrease in component size and cost. To further accelerate the path from basic research and development to launched competitive products, General Motors (GM) has teamed with the College of Engineering at the University of Michigan (UM) to establish a $2.9 Million Collaborative Research Laboratory (CRL) in Smart Materials and Structures. Researchers at both GM and UM are working closely together to create leap-frog technologies which start at conceptualization and proceed all the way through demonstration and handoff to product teams, thereby bridging the traditional technology gap between industry and academia. In addition to Smart Device Technology Innovation, other thrust areas in the CRL include Smart Material Maturity with a basic research focus on overcoming material issues that form roadblocks to commercialism and Mechamatronic System Design Methodology with an applied focus on development tools (synthesis and analysis) to aid the engineer in application of smart materials to system engineering. This CRL is a global effort with partners across the nation and world from GM's Global Research Network such as HRL Laboratories in California and GM's India Science Lab in Bangalore, India. This paper provides an overview of this new CRL and gives examples of several of the projects underway.

  20. Hydrologic characterization of the unconfined aquifer at the General Motors Harrison Division Plant, Tuscaloosa, Alabama

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hall, S.H.; Newcomer, D.R.; Luttrell, S.P.

    1991-03-01

    General Motors (GM) is studying the feasibility of aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) for air conditioning at their Harrison Division plant located in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) has assisted in this effort by conducting field tests to measure the hydraulic properties of the proposed ATES well field, which will be within the unconfined aquifer and adjacent to the GM plant. Results showed that in the vicinity of the test well, transmissivity was 2000 ft{sup 2}/d, effective aquifer thickness was 50 ft, effective porosity was 6.2%, hydraulic gradient was 0.005, and seepage velocity was 3.2 ft/d. A second test series at a newly constructed well was expanded to include measuring specific capacity and investigating the vertical distribution of flow within the aquifer. Specific objectives were to determine the injection capacity of the aquifer and to examine efficiency of the well design. Transmissivity was 2300 to 2600 ft{sup 2}/d, effective aquifer thickness was 58 ft, effective porosity was 6.0 to 8.0%, hydraulic gradient was 0.0047, and seepage velocity was 3.1 to 2.7 ft/d. Injection capacity, based on a step-injection test, was approximately 17 gpm/ft and was independent of flow rate within the experimental range 90 to 338 gpm. Maximum hydraulic conductivity occurred within the uppermost 20 ft of saturated sediments, which consisted of well-sorted sand. Below the sand, sorting was progressively poorer with depth, and hydraulic conductivity decreased smoothly. At the base of the aquifer, hydraulic conductivity was less than 10% of that of the uppermost 20 ft. 7 refs., 10 figs.

  1. Comparison of spinal stability following motor control and general exercises in nonspecific chronic low back pain patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamsi, MohammadBagher; Sarrafzadeh, Javad; Jamshidi, Aliashraf; Arjmand, Navid; Ghezelbash, Farshid

    2017-10-01

    Motor control exercise was claimed to improve spinal stability in patients with chronic non-specific back pain, but to investigate the effectiveness of this exercise, other outcome measures have been used rather than spinal stability itself. The aim of our study is to assess motor control exercise effects on spinal stability using a biomechanical model. Fifty-one patients were assigned to either motor control or general exercises. Before and after trainings, participants were tested for spinal stability at seven isometric tasks. Electromyography signals were recorded from ten superficial muscles, and a hybrid EMG-driven musculoskeletal model estimated spinal stability indices at each task. Pain and disability significantly decreased in both groups. After trainings, patients had both increase and decrease in stability depending on the task, and stability did not increase/decrease uniformly in all patients. In the motor control group, stability increased at all positions but reached to significance only at right lateral pulling. In the general exercise group, except for pulling the trunk backward, stability decreased at other positions and reached to statistical significance only at pulling the trunk forward. No significant difference between groups was found in changing stability after the intervention. Interventions yielded no significant difference in disability, pain and stability index between two groups. Significant increase of stability in the motor control group at right lateral pulling may be attributed to more activity of abdominal muscles, and significant decrease of stability in the general exercise group at forward pulling may be attributed to more optimal activity of back muscles. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  2. Corporate Law and Corporate Governance

    OpenAIRE

    Roberta Romano

    1998-01-01

    We have seen a revival in interest in corporate law and corporate governance since the 1980s, as researchers applied the tools of the new institutional economics and modern corporate finance to analyze the new transactions emerging in the 1980s takeover wave. This article focuses on three mechanisms of corporate governance to illustrate the analytical usefulness of transaction cost economics for corporate law. They are the board of directors; relational investing, a form of block ownership in...

  3. Programa de desarrollo del plan motor general y segmentario, como preparación del proceso de lecto.

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz Espinoza, Estefanía Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    This systematization of psychomotor experience developments a program for children from 8 to 10 years of the Educational Institution named "San Patricio" which belongs to the Salesian Street Children Project Foundation. To get an appropriate registration of systematization of experience workshops psychomotor some workshops are implemented, these activities encourage the development of general and segmental motor plan and the graphomotor reeducation, as a premise to fac...

  4. Corporate Awakening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    LaFrance, Julie; Lehmann, Martin

    2005-01-01

    Predominantly since the 1992 Rio Summit, corporations have been increasingly pursuing partnerships with public institutions including governments, international organisations and NGOs that aim to contribute to sustainable development activities. Partnerships have become more common as corporation...... public-private partnerships. These theoretical perspectives are used to gain a deeper understanding of the corporate drivers that motivated TOTAL S.A. to approach UNESCO for cooperation on community development programs in Myanmar.......Predominantly since the 1992 Rio Summit, corporations have been increasingly pursuing partnerships with public institutions including governments, international organisations and NGOs that aim to contribute to sustainable development activities. Partnerships have become more common as corporations...... react to mounting pressure from corporate stakeholders, civil society and government on the responsible nature of their business practices. The corporate awakening towards a broader role of business in society and the trend of corporations embracing partnerships has led many to question the driving...

  5. Rand Corporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Toggle Search Site-wide Search Search RAND RAND Corporation Provides Objective Research Services and Public Policy Analysis ... on Twitter Share on LinkedIn About The RAND Corporation is a research organization that develops solutions to ...

  6. 78 FR 58470 - General Technical, Organizational, and Conforming Amendments to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-24

    ... violation of prohibition of texting while driving a commercial motor vehicle, and Sec. 391.15(f), Disqualification for violation of a restriction on using a hand-held mobile telephone while driving a commercial..., texting final rule (75 FR 59118). When the paragraph was revised by the cell phone rule to add...

  7. The effects of general anaesthesia on nerve-motor response characteristics (rheobase and chronaxie) to peripheral nerve stimulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsui, B C

    2014-04-01

    Using a simple surface nerve stimulation system, I examined the effects of general anaesthesia on rheobase (the minimum current required to stimulate nerve activity) and chronaxie (the minimum time for a stimulus twice the rheobase to elicit nerve activity). Nerve stimulation was used to elicit a motor response from the ulnar nerve at varying pulse widths before and after induction of general anaesthesia. Mean (SD) rheobase before and after general anaesthesia was 0.91 (0.37) mA (95% CI 0.77-1.04 mA) and 1.11 (0.53) mA (95% CI 0.92-1.30 mA), respectively. Mean (SD) chronaxie measured before and after general anaesthesia was 0.32 (0.17) ms (95% CI 0.26-0.38 ms) and 0.29 (0.13) ms (95% CI 0.24-0.33 ms), respectively. Under anaesthesia, rheobase values increased by an average of 20% (p = 0.05), but chronaxie values did not change significantly (p = 0.39). These results suggest that threshold currents used for motor response from nerve stimulation under general anaesthesia might be higher than those used in awake patients.

  8. Corporate Governance

    OpenAIRE

    International Finance Corporation; UN Global Compact

    2017-01-01

    Corporate citizenship - a commitment to ethical behavior in business strategy, operations, and culture - has been on the periphery of corporate governance and board leadership, linked mainly to corporate reputation. However, in today’s globalized and interconnected world, investors, creditors, and other stakeholders have come to recognize that environmental, social, and governance responsi...

  9. ASSESSMENT OF THE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGICAL AND FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS CAUSED BY VIBRATIONS AT DRIVERS OF HEAVY MOTOR VEHICLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanela Čajlaković Kurtalić

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we presented a research that estimates general psychological and functional characteristics of motor vehicle drivers, with the goal of determining the adverse effects of noise and vibration on the drivers. The study was conducted on a sample of 56 participants, professional drivers of motor vehicles, randomly chosen from companies of various types operating in transport of passengers and goods. For the evaluation of the results,we used descriptive and correlational analysis. The results showed that there were significant negative side effects caused by the nature of work of drivers, especially those under the influence of noise and vibration, which are even more significant in older participants and those with more years of service and those who spend more time driving during the interval of 24 hours , as well as those who drive heavier vehicles.

  10. Corporate attributes and corporate accruals

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Md Shamimul Hasan; Normah Omar; Rashidah Abdul Rahman; Syed Zabid Hossain

    2016-01-01

    ... (discretionary accruals) in Bangladesh. The behaviour of corporate accruals is explained by corporate attributes such as asset size, turnover, earnings per share, number of shareholders, year of listing, international link of audit firm...

  11. Corporate Language Policies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanden, Guro Refsum

    This paper offers a review of literature dealing with language policies in general and corporate language policies in particular. Based on a discussion of various definitions of these concepts within two research traditions, i.e. sociolinguistics and international management, a three......-level definition of corporate language policies is presented, emphasising that a corporate language policy is a context-specific policy about language use. The three-level definition is based on the argument that in order to acquire a complete understanding of what corporate language policies involve, one needs...... to consider three progressive questions; 1) what is a policy? 2) what is a language policy?, and ultimately, 3) what is a corporate language policy?...

  12. Corporate Language Policies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanden, Guro Refsum

    2015-01-01

    This paper offers a review of literature dealing with language policies in general and corporate language policies in particular. Based on a discussion of various definitions of these concepts within two research traditions, i.e. sociolinguistics and international management, a three......-level definition of corporate language policies is presented, emphasising that a corporate language policy is a context-specific policy about language use. The three-level definition is based on the argument that in order to acquire a complete understanding of what corporate language policies involve, one needs...... to consider three progressive questions; 1) what is a policy? 2) what is a language policy?, and ultimately, 3) what is a corporate language policy?...

  13. Evidence for a general stiffening motor control pattern in neck pain: a cross sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meisingset, Ingebrigt; Woodhouse, Astrid; Stensdotter, Ann-Katrin; Stavdahl, Øyvind; Lorås, Håvard; Gismervik, Sigmund; Andresen, Hege; Austreim, Kristian; Vasseljen, Ottar

    2015-03-17

    Neck pain is associated with several alterations in neck motion and motor control. Previous studies have investigated single constructs of neck motor control, while few have applied a comprehensive set of tests to investigate cervical motor control. This comparative cross- sectional study aimed to investigate different motor control constructs in neck pain patients and healthy controls. A total of 166 subjects participated in the study, 91 healthy controls (HC) and 75 neck pain patients (NP) with long-lasting moderate to severe neck pain. Neck flexibility, proprioception, head steadiness, trajectory movement control, and postural sway were assessed using a 3D motion tracking system (Liberty). The different constructs of neck motion and motor control were based on tests used in previous studies. Neck flexibility was lower in NP compared to HC, indicated by reduced cervical ROM and conjunct motion. Movement velocity was slower in NP compared to HC. Tests of head steadiness showed a stiffer movement pattern in NP compared to HC, indicated by lower head angular velocity. NP patients departed less from a predictable trajectory movement pattern (figure of eight) compared to healthy controls, but there was no difference for unpredictable movement patterns (the Fly test). No differences were found for postural sway in standing with eyes open and eyes closed. However, NP patients had significantly larger postural sway when standing on a balance pad. Proprioception did not differ between the groups. Largest effect sizes (ES) were found for neck flexibility (ES range: 0.2-0.8) and head steadiness (ES range: 1.3-2.0). Neck flexibility was the only construct that showed a significant association with current neck pain, while peak velocity was the only variable that showed a significant association with kinesiophobia. NP patients showed an overall stiffer and more rigid neck motor control pattern compared to HC, indicated by lower neck flexibility, slower movement velocity

  14. Corporate Cash Holdings and Adjustment Behaviour in Chinese Firms: An Empirical Analysis Using Generalized Method of Moments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajid ur Rehman

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is intended to find out the motives of cash holding in Chinese firms and theories associated with these motives. The study is unique because it not only estimates the adjustment speed of corporate cash holdings but also discuss several firm specific factors that affects cash holdings in Chinese firms with special reference to Chinese SOEs and NSOEs. An extensive set of panel data comprising 1632 A listed Chines firms, over a period from 2001 to 2013 are taken for analysis. The study reports a lower adjustment coefficient for Chinese firms compared to other developed nations. The study finds that target level of cash holdings in Chinese firms is better explained by Trade off and Pecking order theories. To cope with issues of endogeneity and serial correlation the study apply GMM and random effects model with an added AR (autoregressive term.

  15. Capsule report: Double alkali flue gas desulfurization system applied at the General Motors Parma, Ohio Facility. Report for August 1974-May 1976

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-02-01

    In 1969 General Motors began pilot operations of its Double Alkali SO2 Control System to determine the applicability of stack gas scrubbing to its industrial powerhouses. Using data from its two-year pilot plant development program, General Motors designed and constructed a complete industrial-scale demonstration plant capable of handling the emissions from all four coal fired boilers at the Chevrolet-Parma plant near Cleveland, Ohio. This report describes the results of the test program at Parma.

  16. Motor skills related to body movement and dance. t-patterns detection Habilidades motrices en expresión corporal y danza. Detección de t-patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Dinušová

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available

    In the learning processes that promotes the generation of motor actions, teachers usually propose instructions based on kinetic models. The aim of this study is to observe what type of motor answers the subjects generate from kinesic models offered by the teachers. The motor answers to observe refer to the patterns of motor skills of stability, locomotion and manipulation, variations of body-space, time and interaction between participants. 12 Phsysical Activity and Sports Science students without experience in dance participated in the study. 8 sessions were observed focused on space, time, energy and body contact. A specific instrument was created, the observational system of motor skills OSMOS (Castañer, Torrents, Anguera y Dinusôva, 2008,. It was codified with ThemeCoder  (Pattern Vision, 2001 and SDIS-GSEQ   (Bakeman &  Quera, 1996 and THEME (Magnusson, 2000 were used for the reliability and detection of T-patterns .
    Key Words:  Motor Skills, Field Format, Body expression and dance, Motor T-Patterns detection, Kinesic's Model.

    En todo proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje que promueva la generación de acciones motrices, la elección de los modelos que usan los docentes es una decisión pedagógica de mayor importancia de la que se le suele otorgar.  El objetivo de la investigación es el de observar y constatar qué tipo de respuestas motrices generan los discentes a partir de los modelos de tipo cinésico ofrecidos por los docentes. Las respuestas motrices a observar se refieren a los patrones de habilidades motrices, las variaciones de cuerpo-espacio y tiempo así como de interacción entre los participantes. Han participado en el estudio 12 estudiantes de primer ciclo en Ciencias de la Actividad Física y el deporte con alto bagaje deportivo pero sin experiencia en danza y expresión corporal (EC. Se observaron 8 sesiones

  17. EFECTO DE OCHO CLASES DE EXPRESIÓN CORPORAL EN EL ESTADO DE ÁNIMO Y AUTOCONCEPTO GENERAL DE JÓVENES UNIVERSITARIOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivian Rodríguez Barquero

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El propósito del estudio fue indagar sobre los efectos psicológicos de la expresión corporal en estudiantes de la Universidad de Costa Rica. Se trabajó con 35 jóvenes de dos grupos: 17 de taller de teatro y 18 de apreciación de teatro. Su promedio de edad: hombres 18,78 ± 1,42 y mujeres 18,52 ± 1,91 años. Los sujetos de taller realizaron ocho sesiones de expresión corporal de dos horas, una vez por semana por ocho semanas. Los sujetos de apreciación recibieron ocho clases magistrales sobre teatro, de dos horas, una vez por semana por ocho semanas. Las mediciones del estado de ánimo se realizaron por medio del perfil de estados de ánimo (P.O.M.S. pre y post de la primera, la cuarta y octava sesión. Las mediciones del autoconcepto general se realizaron previo al inicio de la primera sesión (Pre, al final de la cuarta sesión (Test, y al final de la octava sesión (Post-test. Como resultados se encontraron mejoras significativas en los estados de ánimo de tensión y vigor, así como en la variable de inhibición-empatía-desconfianza. Se concluye que la expresión corporal puede influir positivamente sobre estados de ánimo y el autoconcepto de estudiantes de nivel universitario, durante su primer ciclo en la Universidad.

  18. Strategic corporate sustainability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grewatsch, Sylvia; Rohrbeck, René; Madsen, Henning

    This paper aims to advance the understanding of the circumstances under which corporate sustainability (CS) pays off. On the basis of a review of 129 major papers from both the sustainability and general management literature, we discuss the development of the research field. In addition we discuss...... antecedents and outcomes. To overcome this limitation we propose an integrated typology which may facilitate more research on the link between corporate sustainability performance (CSP) and corporate financial performance (CFP). Our expectation is that the strategy type might play a moderating or mediating...

  19. Strategic corporate sustainability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grewatsch, Sylvia; Rohrbeck, René; Madsen, Henning

    This paper aims to advance the understanding of the circumstances under which corporate sustainability (CS) pays off. On the basis of a review of 129 major papers from both the sustainability and general management literature, we discuss the development of the research field. In addition we discuss...... antecedents and outcomes. To overcome this limitation we propose an integrated typology which may facilitate more research on the link between corporate sustainability performance (CSP) and corporate financial performance (CFP). Our expectation is that the strategy type might play a moderating or mediating...

  20. Corporate Awakening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    LaFrance, Julie; Lehmann, Martin

    2004-01-01

    Predominantly since the 1992 Rio Summit, corporations have been increasingly pursuing partnerships with public institutions including governments, international organisations and NGOs that aim to contribute to sustainable development activities. Both the business community and public organisations...... are recognizing the potential benefits of public-private partnerships for furthering the Millennium Development Goals while having a positive impact on business. Partnerships have become more common as corporations react to mounting pressure from corporate stakeholders, civil society and government...... on the responsible nature of their business practices. The accountability of corporations has moved beyond the traditional obligations of addressing shareholder demands and today, corporations must be accountable to society and all stakeholders affected by global development. The corporate awakening towards...

  1. Corporate Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herlin, Heidi; Thusgaard Pedersen, Janni

    2013-01-01

    This paper aims to explore the potential of Danish corporate foundations as boundary organizations facilitating relationships between their founding companies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). Hitherto, research has been silent about the role of corporate foundations in relation to cross......-sector partnerships. The results of this paper are based on interviews, participant observations, and organizational documents from a 19-month empirical study of a Danish corporate foundation. Findings suggest that corporate foundations have potential to act as boundary organizations and facilitate collaborative...... action between business and NGOs through convening, translation, collaboration, and mediation. Our study provides valuable insights into the tri-part relationship of company foundation NGO by discussing the implications of corporate foundations taking an active role in the realm of corporate social...

  2. GM (General Motors Corp. ) researcher thinks coal is hope for fuel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agnew, W.G.

    1979-06-20

    According to W. G. Agnew (Gen. Mot. Corp.) at the Forum for Americas (Braz. June 1979), ethanol and methanol derived from biomass appear to be poor substitutes for motor fuel derived from petroleum; shale oil appears to be the best near-term alternative; and coal may be the ultimate answer. The burning of powdered coal directly in engines would yield the best over-all energy efficiency from our transportation system, with the most serious problems being coal ignition, rate of combustion, and handling. The use of biomass-derived methanol would amount to approx. 25Vertical Bar3< of the gasoline used in the U.S., but would cost about 3.5 times the current cost of gasoline from petroleum. Coal can be gasified and converted into methanol or directly into gasoline by a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, but at a cost that is about 3-3.75 times the cost of gasoline from petroleum. Motor fuels from coal liquefaction would cost about 2 times as much and from shale oil, about 1.5 times as much as the current costs of gasoline and diesel fuel.

  3. The new inline engine family for light duty trucks from General Motors. The Vortec 4200 inline six cylinder

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kociba, R.L.; Willenbockel, O. [General Motors Powertrain, Pontiac, MI (United States)

    2001-07-01

    General Motors has developed a new family of engines based on an inline configuration. The first engine of this family will be a six cylinder version to be used in a new line of Sport Utility Vehicles (SUV's) with five and four cylinder variants being designed for possible future applications. This family of engines will provide technical sophistication, delivering high output over the entire speed range, as well as class leading fuel efficiency. The engines are designed to provide high reliability, low emission levels, quiet smooth operation in a lightweight and cost effective package. The inline configuration provides an elegant solution to meeting the technical requirements for the family of engines while enabling a high degree of manufacturing flexibility. This paper provides reasons for selection of an inline configuration as well as design details of the Vortex 4200 Inline Six Cylinder. (orig.) [German] General Motors hat eine Familie von neuen Reihenmotoren entwickelt. Der erste Motor dieser Familie ist ein Reihensechszylinder, der in einer neuen Serie von Sport Utility Fahrzeugen zum Einsatz kommt. Fuenf- und Vierzylinderversionen sind fuer zukuenftige Applikationen vorgesehen. Diese Reihenmotoren stellen einen hohen technischen Stand dar, sie liefern hohe Drehmomente ueber den gesamten Drehzahlbereich und klassenbesten Kraftstoffverbrauch. Die Motoren sind ausgelegt fuer hohe Zuverlaessigkeit, niedrige Abgasemissionen, leisen und vibrationsarmen Lauf und ausgefuehrt in kostenguenstigem Leichtbau. Die Reihenbauweise ist eine elegante Loesung, um die gestellten technischen Anforderungen mit einem hohen Grad an Flexibilitaet bei der Herstellung der Motoren zu verbinden. Dieser Beitrag erlaeutert die Gruende fuer die Wahl der Reihenanordnung der Zylinder und beschreibt insbesondere die konstruktiven Einzelheiten des Vortex 4200 Sechszylinders. (orig.)

  4. The Map Solution In The General Motors Oshawa, Ontario Car Body Assembly Plant Spie, September 8,1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storoshchuk, Orest; Chan, Bosco; Daly, Dave

    1990-01-01

    This paper describes an ongoing General Motors of Canada pilot project intended to resolve factory floor communication problems in the Oshawa, Ontario Car Body Assembly Plant. This was initially a university research and development project, but some results are being moved into the full production environment. We start by introducing the problems faced in computer integrated manufacturing (CIM) in general, and then concentrate on the specific problems encountered in the Oshawa plant. After this overview, we discuss the reasons behind using the Manufacturing Automation Protocol (MAP) Local Area Network and fiber optic media to solve these problems. The design philosophy and some technical aspects of these implementations are also included in this paper. There are several areas which need further work; we will discuss present efforts and future directions.

  5. Corporate Taxation and Corporate Governance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Köthenbürger, Marko; Stimmelmayr, Michael

    2009-01-01

    interests between shareholders and managers. We set up an agency model and analyze the crucial issue in corporate taxation of whether the normal return on investment should be exempted from taxation. The findings suggest that the divergence of interests may be intensified and welfare reduced...... if the corporate tax system exempts the normal return on investment from taxation. The optimal system may well use the full return on investment as a tax base. Hence, tax systems such as an Allowance for Corporate Equity (ACE) or a Cash-flow tax do not have the familiar efficiency-enhancing effects in the presence......The effects of corporate taxation on firm behavior have been extensively discussed in the neoclassical model of firm behavior which abstracts from agency problems. As emphasized by the corporate governance literature, corporate investment behavior is however crucially influenced by diverging...

  6. Corporate Taxation and Corporate Governance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Köthenbürger, Marko; Stimmelmayr, Michael

    2009-01-01

    The effects of corporate taxation on firm behavior have been extensively discussed in the neoclassical model of firm behavior which abstracts from agency problems. As emphasized by the corporate governance literature, corporate investment behavior is however crucially influenced by diverging...... interests between shareholders and managers. We set up an agency model and analyze the crucial issue in corporate taxation of whether the normal return on investment should be exempted from taxation. The findings suggest that the divergence of interests may be intensified and welfare reduced...... if the corporate tax system exempts the normal return on investment from taxation. The optimal system may well use the full return on investment as a tax base. Hence, tax systems such as an Allowance for Corporate Equity (ACE) or a Cash-flow tax do not have the familiar efficiency-enhancing effects in the presence...

  7. Gross motor control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross motor control is the ability to make large, general movements (such as waving an arm or lifting a leg). ... Gross motor control is a milestone in the development of an infant. Infants develop gross motor control before they develop ...

  8. Stakeholder Versus Shareholder Satisfaction in Corporate Risk Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabo, Tom

    Inherent in corporate governance is the conflict between satisfying stakeholders in general and satisfying shareholders in particular. This empirical study of Danish non-financial companies enhances the understanding of the interaction between corporate risk management and corporate governance...

  9. 76 FR 27669 - Penske Logistics LLC, a Subsidiary of General Electric/Penske Corporation Including On-Site...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF LABOR Employment and Training Administration Penske Logistics LLC, a Subsidiary of General Electric/Penske... Regarding Application for Reconsideration applicable to workers and former workers of Penske Logistics LLC...

  10. Corporate Language and Corporate Talk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zølner, Mette

    2013-01-01

    the geographical borders by the medium of common corporate values for knowledge management, collection of data and analysis in these studies inspired by approach of ground theory and presents a usefulness of distinguishing between corporate language and talks to enable the headquarters learning. Also it concludes...

  11. Vigorous, Aerobic Exercise versus General Motor Training Activities: Effects on Maladaptive and Stereotypic Behaviors of Adults with Both Autism and Mental Retardation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Reed O., Jr.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Six adults with both autism and moderate/profound mental retardation were assessed in a controlled environment for changes in frequency of maladaptive and stereotypic behaviors following nonexercise activities, general motor training activities, and aerobic exercise. Although antecedent aerobic exercise reduced undesirable behaviors, general motor…

  12. 12 CFR 1710.10 - Law applicable to corporate governance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Law applicable to corporate governance. 1710.10... AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT SAFETY AND SOUNDNESS CORPORATE GOVERNANCE Corporate Practices and Procedures § 1710.10 Law applicable to corporate governance. (a) General. The corporate governance practices...

  13. 26 CFR 1.48-5 - Electing small business corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Electing small business corporations. 1.48-5... business corporations. (a) In general. (1) In the case of an electing small business corporation (as... shareholders of such corporation on the last day of such corporation's taxable year. Section 38 property...

  14. An Improved General Motor Car-Following Model considering the Lateral Impact

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pengfei Tao

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available We improve the typical GM car-following model. In order to describe the impacts of the lateral offset between the vehicles in car-following state, this paper proposes time distance to measure the drivers' attention of driving environment and uses generalized expectation headway to describe the ideal driving state of the driver. Take the difference between the actual and expected headway as the important standard for driver to decide whether to speed up or slow down. Then take the drivers' attentions and the expected headway as the decision-making factors, and consider them while revising the GM car-following model. The numerical simulation shows the improved GM model conforms to the general driving behavior, enhances the function of the typical model, and strengthens the model stability.

  15. Corporate entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Karina

    2005-01-01

    Corporate entreprenørskab kan blive svaret på, hvordan Danmark fremmer en mere videnintensiv produktion. Begrebet er blevet anvendt til at forklare forskellige organisatoriske fænomener alt fra strategi over ledelse i al almindelighed til innovation, hvilket har medført en mangfoldighed af begreber...... og perspektiver, som har skabt stor uklarhed omkring corporate entreprenørskab. Med henblik på at skabe fundamentet for et fælles fodslag redegøres der i denne artikel for corporate entreprenørskabsbegrebet ud fra forskellige perspektiver. Der gives i artiklen endvidere et overblik ved hjælp af en...... model, der indeholder intraprenørskab og exoprenørskab, samt fire organisatoriske perspektiver: corporate venturing, interne ressourcer, internationalisering og eksterne netværk....

  16. Corporate Responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2004-01-01

    Appeals to corporate responsibility often simply take for granted that businesses have ethical responsibilities that go beyond just respecting the law. This paper addresses arguments to the effect that businesses have no such responsibilities. The interesting claim is not that businesses have no ethical responsibility at all but that their primal responsibility is to increase their profits. The extent to which there is reason to take such arguments seriously delineates the limits of corporate...

  17. Corporate Architecture and Limited Liability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Couwenberg, Oscar

    2007-01-01

    Abstract This paper studies the effect of limited liability on corporate architecture. Corporate architecture refers to the use of governance instruments within the firm to control the behavior of employees. Four general instruments are defined that form the basis of the firm as a governance arrange

  18. Examining corporate governance and corporate tax management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Surya Mulyadi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Taxation play an essential role both in a country and in a corporation. For a country it is one of the primary income source, while for the corporation taxes will reduce corporate net income. To minimize the tax payment, corporation conduct a corporate tax management. According to some of previous research, there is a correlation between corporate governance and corporate tax management. While there are many corporate governance proxies could be used in corporate governance research, in this research we are focusing on three: number of board, number of independent board and board compensation. We measure corporate tax management by using effective tax rate (GAAP ETR and current ETR are used in this research. By using several other control variables, we run the regression and conduct the statistical analysis to examine the correlation between corporate governance and corporate tax management. Our result show that corporate governance have a significant correlation to corporate tax management.

  19. Interaction between parental psychosis and early motor development and the risk of schizophrenia in a general population birth cohort

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keskinen, E.; Marttila, A.; Marttila, R.; Jones, P.B.; Murray, G.K.; Moilanen, K.; Koivumaa-Honkanen, H.; Mäki, P.; Isohanni, M.; Jääskeläinen, E.; Miettunen, J.

    2015-01-01

    Background Delayed motor development in infancy and family history of psychosis are both associated with increased risk of schizophrenia, but their interaction is largely unstudied. Aim To investigate the association of the age of achieving motor milestones and parental psychosis and their interaction in respect to risk of schizophrenia. Methods We used data from the general population-based prospective Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (n = 10,283). Developmental information of the cohort members was gathered during regular visits to Finnish child welfare clinics. Several registers were used to determine the diagnosis of schizophrenia among the cohort members and psychosis among the parents. Altogether 152 (1.5%) individuals had schizophrenia by the age of 46 years, with 23 (15.1%) of them having a parent with psychosis. Cox regression analysis was used in analyses. Results Parental psychosis was associated (P < 0.05) with later achievement of holding the head up, grabbing an object, and walking without support. In the parental psychosis group, the risk for schizophrenia was increased if holding the head up (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.46; degrees of freedom [df] = 1; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.07–5.66) and touching the thumb with the index finger (HR: 1.84; df = 1; 95% CI: 1.11–3.06) was later. In the group without parental psychosis, a delay in the following milestones increased the risk of schizophrenia: standing without support and walking without support. Parental psychosis had an interaction with delayed touching thumb with index finger (HR: 1.87; df = 1; 95% CI: 1.08–3.25) when risk of schizophrenia was investigated. Conclusions Parental psychosis was associated with achieving motor milestones later in infancy, particularly the milestones that appear early in a child's life. Parental psychosis and touching the thumb with the index finger had a significant interaction on risk of schizophrenia. Genetic risk for psychosis may interact

  20. 26 CFR 1.970-1 - Export trade corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 10 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Export trade corporations. 1.970-1 Section 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Export Trade Corporations § 1.970-1 Export trade corporations. (a) In general. Sections 970 through 972 provide in general that if a controlled foreign corporation is an export...

  1. 26 CFR 1.362-1 - Basis to corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Basis to corporations. 1.362-1 Section 1.362-1...) INCOME TAXES Effects on Corporation § 1.362-1 Basis to corporations. (a) In general. Section 362 provides, as a general rule, that if property was acquired on or after June 22, 1954, by a corporation (1)...

  2. General Motors: Final Report for Hydrogen Storage Engineering Center of Excellence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cai, Mei [General Motors Company, Warren, MI (United States); Chakraborty, Amlan [General Motors Company, Warren, MI (United States); Hou, Peter [General Motors Company, Warren, MI (United States); Kaisare, Niklet [General Motors Company, Warren, MI (United States); Jorgensen, Scott [General Motors Company, Warren, MI (United States); Kumar, Sudarshan [General Motors Company, Warren, MI (United States); Li, Changpeng [General Motors Company, Warren, MI (United States); Ortmann, Jerome [General Motors Company, Warren, MI (United States); Raju, M. [General Motors Company, Warren, MI (United States); Vadivelu, S. Kumar [General Motors Company, Warren, MI (United States)

    2015-06-30

    As part of the HSECoE team, the GM team built system models and detailed transport models for on-board hydrogen storage systems using metal hydrides and adsorbent materials. Detailed transport models have been developed for both the metal hydride and adsorbent systems with a focus on optimization of heat exchanger designs with the objective of minimizing the heat exchanger mass. We also performed work in collaboration with our partners on storage media structuring and enhancement studies for the metal hydride and adsorbent materials. Since the hydrogen storage materials are generally characterized by low density and low thermal conductivity, we conducted experiments to form pellets and add thermal conductivity enhancers to the storage material, and to improve cycling stability and durability of the metal hydride and adsorbent materials. Refueling of a MOF-5 pellet with cryogenic hydrogen was studied by developing a detailed two-dimensional axisymmetric COMSOL® model of the process. The effects of pellet permeability, thermal conductivity, and thermal conductivity enhancers were investigated. Our key area of focus has been on designing and building a cryo-adsorption vessel for validation of cryo-adsorption models. The 3-L cryogenic tank was used to study the fast fill and discharge dynamics of a cryo-adsorbent storage system, both experimentally and numerically.

  3. Applying the Generalized Waring model for investigating sources of variance in motor vehicle crash analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Yichuan; Lord, Dominique; Zou, Yajie

    2014-12-01

    As one of the major analysis methods, statistical models play an important role in traffic safety analysis. They can be used for a wide variety of purposes, including establishing relationships between variables and understanding the characteristics of a system. The purpose of this paper is to document a new type of model that can help with the latter. This model is based on the Generalized Waring (GW) distribution. The GW model yields more information about the sources of the variance observed in datasets than other traditional models, such as the negative binomial (NB) model. In this regards, the GW model can separate the observed variability into three parts: (1) the randomness, which explains the model's uncertainty; (2) the proneness, which refers to the internal differences between entities or observations; and (3) the liability, which is defined as the variance caused by other external factors that are difficult to be identified and have not been included as explanatory variables in the model. The study analyses were accomplished using two observed datasets to explore potential sources of variation. The results show that the GW model can provide meaningful information about sources of variance in crash data and also performs better than the NB model.

  4. Exposure as Duration and Distance in Telematics Motor Insurance Using Generalized Additive Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Philippe Boucher

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available In Pay-As-You-Drive (PAYD automobile insurance, the premium is fixed based on the distance traveled, while in usage-based insurance (UBI the driving patterns of the policyholder are also considered. In those schemes, drivers who drive more pay a higher premium compared to those with the same characteristics who drive only occasionally, because the former are more exposed to the risk of accident. In this paper, we analyze the simultaneous effect of the distance traveled and exposure time on the risk of accident by using Generalized Additive Models (GAM. We carry out an empirical application and show that the expected number of claims (1 stabilizes once a certain number of accumulated distance-driven is reached and (2 it is not proportional to the duration of the contract, which is in contradiction to insurance practice. Finally, we propose to use a rating system that takes into account simultaneously exposure time and distance traveled in the premium calculation. We think that this is the trend the automobile insurance market is going to follow with the eruption of telematics data.

  5. Corporate Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragoș-Mihail Daghie

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to analyze and understand the recently introduced form of managementof a company limited by shares. The Law no. 441/2006, which fundamentally amended Company Law,created this form of controlling the company, the corporate governance, but the legislation does not explicitlydefine what it wants to achieve through this instrument. This topic is recent in research as the theme ofgerman-roman commercial law systems (in French corporate governance system was introduced in 1966 andin Romania in 2006 but in terms of Anglo-Saxon law, the topic has been addressed years since 1776 (AdamSmith: The Wealth of Nations The concept of corporate governance would like, as a result, to establish somerules that companies must comply in order to achieve effective governance, transparent and beneficial forboth shareholders and for the minority. Corporate governance is a key element with an aim at improvingefficiency and economic growth in full accordance with the increase of investors’ confidence. Corporategovernance assumes a series of relationship between the company management, leadership, shareholders andthe other people concerned. Also corporate governance provides for that structure by means of which thecompany’s targets are set out and the means to achieve them and also the manner how to monitor such.

  6. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Alexandru SITARU

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The work is aimed to examine the issues “corporate governance” involves, with the goal set to clarify the meanings of such notion, and to provide an overall image of the positive effects arising implementing the corporate governance principles. The first section includes a series of definitions for the purpose of explaining and outlining the concept of “corporate governance”, subsequently giving a definition that appears adequate to us, from the legal standpoint pre eminently. The second section has for purpose to state the corporate governance Principles, and briefly examine the same. Its purpose also includes concretely illustrating the efficient operation methods for a “corporation”, as well as the main dilemmas, and the existing solutions for the same within the internal structure of a joint stock company to adopt, and subject itself to, such principles. Finally, the last section of the work underlines the corporate governance importance, and states the goals to be attained for purposes of securing effective, balanced, and not in the last place profitable management.

  7. Corporate Venturing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vintergaard, Christian

    From the perspective of Austrian economics, this paper develops a conceptual understanding ofhow corporate venture managers recognize and discover opportunities in a network environment.In an effort to create a better understanding of who is involved in process, this paper reports onthe development...... path of an entrepreneurial opportunity of the Danish corporate venture capitalist,Danfoss A/S. This paper distinguishes itself from previous research done on entrepreneurialopportunities by creating a holistic and conceptual framework, which broadens and expands theperception of the market participants...... involved in recognition and discovery. Consequently thepaper offers insight to a diversified group of actors who mix and match technological and marketcapabilities in a constant process of recognition and discovery.Key words: Corporate venturing, entrepreneurship, discovery, networks, opportunities,recognition....

  8. Corporate responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Karsten Klint

    2007-01-01

    Is it legitimate for a business to concentrate on profits under respect for the law and ethical custom? On the one hand, there seems to be good reasons for claiming that a corporation has a duty to act for the benefit of all its stakeholders. On the other hand, this seems to dissolve the notion...... to this paradox as Goodpaster, namely that a corporation is the instrument of the shareholders only, but that shareholders still have an obligation to act ethically responsibly. To this, I add discussion of Friedman's claim that this responsibility consists in increasing profits. I show that most of his arguments...

  9. General Motors LLC Final Project Report: Improving Energy Efficiency by Developing Components for Distributed Cooling and Heating Based on Thermal Comfort Modeling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bozeman, Jeffrey [General Motors LLC, Detroit, MI (United States); Chen, Kuo-Huey [General Motors LLC, Detroit, MI (United States)

    2014-12-09

    On November 3, 2009, General Motors (GM) accepted U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Cooperative Agreement award number DE-EE0000014 from the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL). GM was selected to execute a three-year cost shared research and development project on Solid State Energy Conversion for Vehicular Heating, Ventilation & Air Conditioning (HVAC) and for Waste Heat Recovery.

  10. General Dentist

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Some general dentists work in government health services, research programs, higher education, corporations and even the military. ?xml:namespace> What kind of procedures do general dentists provide? ?xml:namespace> Many general dentists are ...

  11. Healthhazard evaluation report HETA 84-075-1634, Hydra-Matic Division of General Motors, Ypsilanti, Michigan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Daniels, W.J.; Orris, P.

    1985-11-01

    Environmental and breathing-zone samples were analyzed for total particulates, trace metals, glycol ethers, and other organic materials at Hydra/Matic, a division of General Motors, in Ypsilanti, Michigan in March, 1984 and March, 1985. The evaluation was requested confidentially to investigate employee exposures to machine coolants and additives used in the centerless grinding operation. The central coolant system had been contaminated by sewage and high concentrations of chemicals had reportedly been added to the system to prevent bacterial growth. Questionnaire interviews were conducted with 75 employees. Eye irritation, sinus congestion, rhinitis, daily cough, upper respiratory infections, and skin complaints such as frequent dryness, itching, rash, and pimples were reported. All concentrations of chemical agents were below their relevant standards or not detectable. The authors note that no airborne contaminant that would pose a health hazard has been identified. Recommendations include properly maintaining the coolant system and individual machines, training employees in proper work practices for use with cutting fluids, and making barrier creams and protective clothing available.

  12. Corporate Governance and Corporate Creditworthiness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dror Parnes

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available We examine the relation between corporate governance and bankruptcy risk as an underlying force affecting a bond’s yield. The level of corporate governance is captured by the G-index, along with the explicit groups of governance provisions. We estimate bankruptcy risk by Z-score, by cash-flow-score, by O-score, through Merton structural model default probabilities, and by S&P credit ratings. After addressing endogeneity and while controlling for firm-specific factors, based on the four objective methodologies we find that corporate governance is inversely related to bankruptcy risk. Yet, rating agencies take a mixed approach towards this association likely because of the conflicting impact of different governance provisions.

  13. The Politicization of Corporations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garsten, Christina; Sörbom, Adrienne

    This paper departs from an interest in the involvement of business leaders in the sphere of politics, in the broad sense. At a general level, we are seeing a proliferation of usages of non-market corporate strategies, such as testimony, lobbying, interlocking of positions and other means to influ......This paper departs from an interest in the involvement of business leaders in the sphere of politics, in the broad sense. At a general level, we are seeing a proliferation of usages of non-market corporate strategies, such as testimony, lobbying, interlocking of positions and other means...... to influence policymakers at all levels of government and international institutions as an adjunct to the firm’s market strategies. This paper brings to the fore the role of corporations in the World Economic Forum (WEF), and how firms act through the WEF to advance their interests, financial as well...... as political. What is the role of business in the WEF, and how do business corporations advance their interests through the WEF? Empirically we depart from ethnographic field studies of the World Economic Forum, drawing on observations from WEF-events and interviews with participants and organizers. We propose...

  14. Corporate Foresight and Strategic Decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gomez Portaleoni, Claudio; Marinova, Svetla Trifonova; Ul-Haq, Rehan

    The investigation of the future of an organization has always captivated the attention of academics and business managers. Presently, the aspiration to entrench future-relevant insights into management practices is a must. Companies that have made attempts to use corporate foresight have generally...... dealt successfully with internal information sharing processes that in most cases have prepared them for the challenges of the future. Corporate Foresights and Strategic Decisions investigates the relationships between corporate foresight and management decision-making processes in organizations....... It provides an extensive analysis of extant theories of corporate foresight and strategic management, brings in new notions and insights, and presents an in-depth case study exploration of corporate foresight of a European bank. The understanding of organizational future is influenced by the perceived...

  15. Corporate Social Responsibility for Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wojciech Przychodzeń

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to is to provide insights on implementing corporate social responsibility for sustainability (CSRS concept and show how it differs from basic corporate social responsibility (CSR. Methodology: The paper discusses major issues with references to existing literature and real business cases from S&P500 consumer discretionary sector. Findings: The main fi nding of this paper is that CSRS could provide the company with a competitive advantage as a growing number of consumers become more sustainable conscious. It could also help to overcome the increasing consumers’ skepticism towards corporate social responsibility practices. Finally, it can also be seen as a step forward in defi ning what types of corporate activities are associated with desirable social and environmental gains. Research limitations: Our sample was restricted to the U.S. fi rms from the consumer discretionary sector. Therefore, conclusions should not be generalized to other markets. Our study is based on the analysis of environmental and social responsibility statements and assumes that they accurately represent corporate commitment in majority of the cases. Practical implications: CSRS offers corporations the opportunity to use their unique skills, culture, values, resources, and management capabilities to lead social progress by making sustainability part of its internal corporate logic. Originality: The paper raises the importance of the different conditions necessary for making sustainable development concept an important part of corporate strategy.

  16. General Methodologies for Improving Motor Drive Precision in Order to Utilize It as an Embedded Application Sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Secrest, Caleb W.

    The objectives of this research are to reliably, and non-invasively, extract high quality spatial information from a limited-stroke multi-stage gear train driven by an AC machine using only the sensors necessary for normal AC machine control. In this work, the spatial information will be used to estimate the state of wear of each axis in the gear train. To extract this information, cascaded observer structures are utilized to estimate the load disturbances acting on the AC machine, and then to estimate the spatial errors which produce those disturbances. Further signal processing techniques are then utilized to observe the spatial error information in the spatial domain where the information is most relevant and to extract the systematic spatial errors that reoccur over many operating cycles. In prior art, the intrinsic spatial properties of the AC machine and position sensor feedback limited the quality of the spatial error information that could be extracted using motor drive-based estimation. Furthermore, the limited-stroke of the multi-stage gear train limits the separation of spatial content between the axes of the gear train and limits the extraction of the systematic spatial errors that reoccur over many operating cycles. In this work, methods are developed to reduce and separate machine and sensor contributions to the spatial error information being extracted, and general system design methodologies are investigated to improve the quality of spatial error information that can be extracted within the limited-stroke motion constraints of the multi-stage gear train.

  17. 12 CFR 7.2000 - Corporate governance procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Corporate governance procedures. 7.2000 Section... OPERATIONS Corporate Practices § 7.2000 Corporate governance procedures. (a) General. A national bank proposing to engage in a corporate governance procedure shall comply with applicable Federal...

  18. 26 CFR 1.9002-6 - Acquiring corporation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Acquiring corporation. 1.9002-6 Section 1.9002... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES General Actuarial Valuations § 1.9002-6 Acquiring corporation. Section 5(d) of the... corporation by another corporation in a distribution or transfer described in section 381(a) of the Code...

  19. 26 CFR 1.58-4 - Electing small business corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Electing small business corporations. 1.58-4... TAXES Tax Preference Regulations § 1.58-4 Electing small business corporations. (a) In general. Section... business corporation among the shareholders of such corporation. Section 58(d)(2) provides rules for...

  20. 7 CFR 400.166 - Obligations of the Corporation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Obligations of the Corporation. 400.166 Section 400... CORPORATION, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Reinsurance Agreement-Standards for... Corporation. The Agreement will include the following among the obligations of the Corporation. (a)...

  1. Transnational Corporations and Corporate Citizenship: Analyzing New Roles of Organization Development Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolz, Ingo Stephan

    2012-01-01

    Research shows that too few transnational corporations (TNCs) have the organizational capacity to manage corporate citizenship. Evidence exists that ever more TNCs adopt programs of corporate citizenship development in order to increase this capacity. However, both in academic and practical literature, there is a general lack of a strategic…

  2. Transnational Corporations and Corporate Citizenship: Analyzing New Roles of Organization Development Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stolz, Ingo Stephan

    2012-01-01

    Research shows that too few transnational corporations (TNCs) have the organizational capacity to manage corporate citizenship. Evidence exists that ever more TNCs adopt programs of corporate citizenship development in order to increase this capacity. However, both in academic and practical literature, there is a general lack of a strategic…

  3. 76 FR 78043 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-Toyota Motor...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-15

    ... Motor Corporation and Ford Motor Company Collaboration Notice is hereby given that, on November 18, 2011... et seq. (``the Act''), Toyota Motor Corporation and Ford Motor Company Collaboration (``Toyota and... Section 6(b) of the Act, the identities of the parties to the venture are: Toyota Motor...

  4. Superfund record of decision (EPA Region 2): General Motors/Central Foundry Division Site, St. Lawrence County, Massena, NY. (Second remedial action), March 1992. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1992-03-31

    The 270-acre General Motors/Central Foundry Division site is an aluminum casting plant in Massena, St. Lawrence County, New York. From 1985 to 1989, General Motors investigations detected contamination in soil, sludge, debris, sediment, ground water and surface water. In 1988, an interim cap was placed over the industrial landfill. A 1990 ROD addressed most affected areas of the site, including the St. Lawrence River System sediments, contaminated ground water, soils on the facility and the St. Regis Mohawk Indian Reservation, and material at four lagoons and the North Disposal Area. The ROD provides the final remedy for the contaminated soil, sludge, debris, and groundwater at the East Disposal Area and the Industrial Lagoon. The primary contaminants of concern are VOCs, including TCE; and other organics, including PCBs, phenols, and PAHs. The selected remedial action for the site are included.

  5. Report on requests by General Motors and Ford to reduce fuel econoMY standards for my 1981-85 passenger automobiles. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1979-06-01

    The 1981-84 Fuel Economy Standards for Passenger Automobiles were issued in June, 1977. However, in December, 1978 General Motors and Ford began claiming that reduced standards would result in a slower rate of car price increases that would save consumers money. After a review of the GM and Ford information the NHTSA concluded that initiating rulemaking to reduce the standards was not warranted.

  6. Sustainability and corporate environmental focus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Henning; Sinding, Knud; Ulhøi, John Parm

    1997-01-01

    consists of six more sections. The first sets the stage by discussing the implications for companies of taking the concept of sustainability seriously. Then, after describing the methodology used in the study, the information from the survey is examined in three main areas dealing with general...... environmental perceptions, driving forces, and corporate responses. The final section discusses the possibility that corporate environmental management, and the many people involved in this area, are less deeply concerned with environmental imperatives than is usually expressed....

  7. Does perceptual-motor calibration generalize across two different forms of locomotion? Investigations of walking and wheelchairs.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin R Kunz

    Full Text Available The relationship between biomechanical action and perception of self-motion during walking is typically consistent and well-learned but also adaptable. This perceptual-motor coupling can be recalibrated by creating a mismatch between the visual information for self-motion and walking speed. Perceptual-motor recalibration of locomotion has been demonstrated through effects on subsequent walking without vision, showing that learned perceptual-motor coupling influences a dynamic representation of one's spatial position during walking. Our present studies test whether recalibration of wheelchair locomotion, a novel form of locomotion for typically walking individuals, similarly influences subsequent wheelchair locomotion. Furthermore, we test whether adaptation to the pairing of visual information for self-motion during one form of locomotion transfers to a different locomotion modality. We find strong effects of perceptual-motor recalibration for matched locomotion modalities--walking/walking and wheeling/wheeling. Transfer across incongruent locomotion modalities showed weak recalibration effects. The results have implications both for theories of perceptual-motor calibration mechanisms and their effects on spatial orientation, as well as for practical applications in training and rehabilitation.

  8. General Motors of Canada Ltd.'s action plan update for manufacturing and assembly facilities prepared for Canada's Climate Change Voluntary Challenge and Registry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-10-31

    General Motors of Canada Ltd. supports the objectives of Canada's Climate Change Voluntary Challenge and Registry (VCR), and has therefore submitted this report as an annual update of its energy performance and progress in the initiative. General Motors manufacturing facilities have reduced carbon dioxide emissions by 37 per cent from 1990 to 2001. Total energy consumption has also been reduced by 41 per cent for the same time period. These achievements have been due in part, to a wide range of energy conservation measures adopted by the company along with energy efficiency technologies. Energy efficiency measures have saved 534 million kWh and avoided 239 kilotonnes of carbon dioxide emissions. The company's current target for 2005 is to reduce energy consumption by a minimum of 25 per cent from the 1995 base year. Every effort will be made to undertake new production opportunities without increasing total carbon dioxide emissions. However, total energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions may increase if there is a significant rise in production. This will depend on consumer demand for automobiles and competition between manufacturers. In 2001, General Motors received the VCR Leadership Award for the Automotive Manufacturing Sector and Gold Champion Level Reporter status. 9 tabs., 7 figs.

  9. Corporate Fictions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staunæs, Dorthe; Søndergaard, D. M.

    2006-01-01

    The article describes a particular strategy of communication called a social science fiction. The strategy was taken up following an empirical research project on gender and management, in order to communicate results to the company's managers and Human Resource Staff. The research results showed...... fiction was the kind of narrative therapy, which aims to reconfigure the problem in focus by a process of externalisation that allows a reconstruction and retelling of the issue. The article describes how three cultural mechanisms in the company were condensed into three imaginary figures: Mr. Corporate...

  10. Corporate Foresight

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohrbeck, René; Gemünden, Hans Georg

    2011-01-01

    Although in the last three decades much knowledge has been produced on how best to conduct foresight exercises, but little is known on how foresight should be integrated with the innovation effort of a company. Drawing on empirical evidence from 19 case studies and 107 interviews, we identify three...... roles that corporate foresight should play to maximize the innovation capacity of a firm: (1) the strategist role, which explores new business fields; (2) the initiator role, which increases the number of innovation concepts and ideas; and (3) the opponent role, which challenges innovation projects...

  11. Corporate Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Astrid Heidemann

    2006-01-01

    The recognition of the importance of entrepreneurial dynamics in corporate context is increasingly acknowledged in both entrepreneurship and strategic management literature, as firms today face a reality in which frame-breaking innovation is an important element of survival. From this understanding......, the concept of Strategic Entrepreneurship (SE) has arisen, arguing a logic of focusing on the intersections between the two fields. This paper sets out to explore the SE construct empirically. Through seven case studies evolving around radical technological innovations, evidence is found of the importance...

  12. Going Corporate

    CERN Document Server

    Kadre, Shailendra

    2011-01-01

    Going Corporate: A Geek's Guide shows technology workers how to gain the understanding and skills necessary for becoming an effective, promotable manager or sought-after consultant or freelancer. Technology professionals typically dive deeply into small pieces of technology - like lines of code or the design of a circuit. As a result, they may have trouble seeing the bigger picture and how their work supports an organization's goals. But ignoring or dismissing the business or operational aspects of projects and products can lead to career stagnation. In fact, understanding the larger business

  13. Corporate Fictions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staunæs, Dorthe; Søndergaard, D. M.

    2006-01-01

    The article describes a particular strategy of communication called a social science fiction. The strategy was taken up following an empirical research project on gender and management, in order to communicate results to the company's managers and Human Resource Staff. The research results showed...... fiction was the kind of narrative therapy, which aims to reconfigure the problem in focus by a process of externalisation that allows a reconstruction and retelling of the issue. The article describes how three cultural mechanisms in the company were condensed into three imaginary figures: Mr. Corporate...

  14. Corporate Foresight

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohrbeck, René; Gemünden, Hans Georg

    2011-01-01

    Although in the last three decades much knowledge has been produced on how best to conduct foresight exercises, but little is known on how foresight should be integrated with the innovation effort of a company. Drawing on empirical evidence from 19 case studies and 107 interviews, we identify three...... roles that corporate foresight should play to maximize the innovation capacity of a firm: (1) the strategist role, which explores new business fields; (2) the initiator role, which increases the number of innovation concepts and ideas; and (3) the opponent role, which challenges innovation projects...

  15. To What Extent Can Motor Imagery Replace Motor Execution While Learning a Fine Motor Skill?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sobierajewicz, Jagna; Szarkiewicz, Sylwia; Prekoracka-Krawczyk, Anna; Jaskowski, Wojciech; van der Lubbe, Robert Henricus Johannes

    2016-01-01

    Motor imagery is generally thought to share common mechanisms with motor execution. In the present study, we examined to what extent learning a fine motor skill by motor imagery may substitute physical practice. Learning effects were assessed by manipulating the proportion of motor execution and

  16. Evaluation of the General Motors' double alkali SO/sub 2/ control system. Final report Mar 1974--Aug 1976

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Interess, E.

    1977-01-01

    The report is an evaluation of the double alkali flue gas desulfurization (FGD) system, installed to control SOx emissions from the coal-fired industrial boiler complex at General Motors' Chevrolet plant in Parma, Ohio. It describes the boiler and FGD systems. It addresses performance with respect to SO2 removal, filter cake properties, lime stoichiometry, carbonate softening, soda ash stoichiometry, scaling, oxidation, and reliability. The evaluation is presented in terms of three 1-month-long intensive test periods and a longer-term non-intensive test period. System material balances are presented for some of these periods. A general history of the operation is also presented.

  17. Health hazard evaluation/toxicity determination report 73-73-143, Inland Manufacturing Co. , General Motors Corporation, Dayton, Ohio. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruhe, R.L.

    1974-10-01

    NIOSH conducted a health hazard survey in a boiler room of a steam plant to evaluate worker exposure to coal dust containing silica and fly ash during the boiler clean-up operation. Based on these environmental measurements and on employee interviews, it was determined that the silica containing dusts were not toxic at the concentrations found on this survey. (GRA)

  18. Corporate Foresight and Strategic Decisions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gomez Portaleoni, Claudio; Marinova, Svetla Trifonova; Ul-Haq, Rehan;

    The investigation of the future of an organization has always captivated the attention of academics and business managers. Presently, the aspiration to entrench future-relevant insights into management practices is a must. Companies that have made attempts to use corporate foresight have generally...... dealt successfully with internal information sharing processes that in most cases have prepared them for the challenges of the future. Corporate Foresights and Strategic Decisions investigates the relationships between corporate foresight and management decision-making processes in organizations...... accountability and integrity of the participating departments as well as by the apparent nature of environmental explosiveness. This book provides clear confirmations showing that the impacts of corporate foresight on strategic decisions are critically affected by the evaluative and analytical verdicts...

  19. Managing Corporate Reputation Through Corporate Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Majken; Hatch, Mary Jo; Adams, Nick

    2012-01-01

    This article, which concentrates on symbolic management by explaining the role of corporate branding in managing corporate reputation, using Novo Nordisk as a case study, presents three perspectives on corporate branding: the marketing perspective, the organisational perspective and the co......-creation perspective. The three perspectives reviewed show the possibility of developing a multidisciplinary conceptualisation of corporate branding. They all offer insights important to managing organisations as corporate brands in a multi-stakeholder context and thus to the likelihood that corporate branding...... is a way to influence corporate reputation. The Novo Nordisk management believes the data indicate that corporate branding influenced reputation more than the other way around. Formal brand management practices may work considerably better when they complement rather than try to control existing forces...

  20. Managing Corporate Reputation Through Corporate Branding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Majken; Hatch, Mary Jo; Adams, Nick

    2012-01-01

    -creation perspective. The three perspectives reviewed show the possibility of developing a multidisciplinary conceptualisation of corporate branding. They all offer insights important to managing organisations as corporate brands in a multi-stakeholder context and thus to the likelihood that corporate branding......This article, which concentrates on symbolic management by explaining the role of corporate branding in managing corporate reputation, using Novo Nordisk as a case study, presents three perspectives on corporate branding: the marketing perspective, the organisational perspective and the co...... is a way to influence corporate reputation. The Novo Nordisk management believes the data indicate that corporate branding influenced reputation more than the other way around. Formal brand management practices may work considerably better when they complement rather than try to control existing forces...

  1. 76 FR 80803 - Independent Expenditures and Electioneering Communications by Corporations and Labor Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-27

    ... labor organization communications differently than corporate communications under the First Amendment... corporate and labor organization expenditures under 2 U.S.C. 441b to include electioneering communications... expenditures and electioneering communications with corporate general treasury funds were...

  2. Corporate Social Communication and Corporate Social Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Ziggers, Gerrit Willem

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide firms in the food and agricultural sector a model that enables them to assess their corporate social initiatives in conjunction with their stakeholders. Building on the concepts of corporate social responsibility (CSR), corporate social performance (CSP) and the relational view the paper argues that firms can improve the results of their corporate social initiatives by setting up a dialogue with their stakeholders and to relate this to their internal or...

  3. Motor skills related to body movement and dance. t-patterns detection Habilidades motrices en expresión corporal y danza. Detección de t-patterns

    OpenAIRE

    M. Dinušová; Torrents, C; M. Castañer; M. T. Anguera

    2010-01-01

    In the learning processes that promotes the generation of motor actions, teachers usually propose instructions based on kinetic models. The aim of this study is to observe what type of motor answers the subjects generate from kinesic models offered by the teachers. The motor answers to observe refer to the patterns of motor skills of stability, locomotion and manipulation, variations of body-space, time and interaction between participants. 12...

  4. 46 CFR 111.70-3 - Motor controllers and motor-control centers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Motor controllers and motor-control centers. 111.70-3... ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Motor Circuits, Controllers, and Protection § 111.70-3 Motor controllers and motor-control centers. (a) General. The enclosure for each motor controller or...

  5. Relevance of Corporate Governance in Nigerian Banks | Akinyomi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Relevance of Corporate Governance in Nigerian Banks. ... International Journal of Development and Management Review ... Although corporate governance is of general interests to the Nigerian public, that of the banking industry is of ...

  6. Development of Traction Drive Motors for the Toyota Hybrid System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamiya, Munehiro

    Toyota Motor Corporation developed in 2005 a new hybrid system for a large SUV. This system included the new development of a high-speed traction drive motor achieving a significant increase in power weight ratio. This paper provides an overview of the hybrid system, discusses the characteristics required of a traction drive motor, and presents the technologies employed in the developed motor.

  7. Features of the content of corporate contracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Petrovna Gladneva

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective to study the legal nature to reveal the peculiarities of the subject and other essential terms of corporate contracts as a technique and means of legal regulation of corporate relations. Methods general and specific methods of cognition dialectical formal logic analysis synthesis modeling structural and systemicfunctional methods as well as comparative legal logical legal historical legal grammatical methods and systemic interpretation. Results it is concluded that the object of corporate contracts includes terms about the features of implementation of corporate rights for shares and share in capital assets conditions order of the implementation of corporate rights and approval of other actions related to company management activity reorganization and liquidation the passive duty of corporate organizations to refrain from committing any action authority arising from the nature of corporate agreements as well as the active responsibilities associated with the certain implementation of corporate rights certified by stocks shares rights to stocks shares. In addition to the subject the content of corporate contractsincludes other essential necessary conditions stipulated by the corporate legislation norms and the agreement of the participants of economic entity. Scientific novelty for the first time taking into account modern achievements of civilistic jurisprudence and practice the authors investigate the relationship between the concepts of a civil contract and corporate contract give the definition of corporate contract show the specificity of the subject and other material terms of corporate contracts. Practical significance the findings can be taken into account in the further research of corporate law issues as subbranch of civil law used in law making and enforcement activities in the educational process as a teaching material in civil law. nbsp

  8. Water Stewardship and Corporate Sustainability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter JONES

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to provide an exploratory review of the extent to which some of the world’s leading companies are publicly addressing water stewardship as part of their corporate sustainability strategies. The paper begins with an outline of the growing importance of corporate sustainability and water stewardship. The paper draws its empirical material from the most recent information on sustainability posted on the top twelve ‘Consumer Superbrands’ corporate websites. The findings reveal that a majority of the selected companies address a number of elements concerning water stewardship as part of their more general approach to corporate sustainability. However corporate commitments to water stewardship can be interpreted as being driven as much by business imperatives as by any concerns for environmental sustainability or a desire to maintain the viability and integrity of natural ecosystems. More critically the authors suggest that the selected companies’ commitments to water stewardship are framed within existing business models focused on technological improvements in eco-efficiency and continuing economic growth. The paper provides an accessible review of the water stewardship issues being pursued by some of the world’s leading companies and as such it will interest academics, students, political commentators and business managers interested in water stewardship and corporate sustainability.

  9. The Corporate Secretary

    OpenAIRE

    International Finance Corporation

    2016-01-01

    This Handbook offers a concise and practical description of how corporate secretaries might carry out their role to improve governance in their organizations. It can also serve as a guidance tool for both International Finance Corporation (IFC) clients and advisory staff to clarify the potentially expansive duties of corporate secretaries and to help them assist corporate secretaries in un...

  10. Information and Corporate Cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drake, Miriam A.

    1984-01-01

    This paper defines "corporate culture" (set of values and beliefs shared by people working in an organization which represents employees' collective judgments about future) and discusses importance of corporate culture, nature of corporate cultures in business and academia, and role of information in shaping present and future corporate cultures.…

  11. Realizing Corporate Responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Girschik, Verena

    This doctoral dissertation aims to understand how companies realize corporate responsibility - both how they perform corporate responsibility in particular local contexts and how they negotiate understandings of what corporate responsibility means. It builds on an inductive case study of the Danish...... in this dissertation unfold distinct yet interdependent processes of positioning and framing that constitute new ways of performing and understanding corporate responsibility....

  12. Corporate Social Responsibility: Consumer Behavior, Corporate Strategy, and Public Policy

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kreng, Victor B; Huang, May-Yao

    2011-01-01

    ... as "the consumers' impression of the corporation itself, corporate product marketing, and the services provided by the corporation". Corporate image is thus the consumers' subjective overall assessment of the corporation. Some marketing experts believe that the role corporations play in the wider society will help build their corporate image. ...

  13. Superfund Record of Decision (EPA Region 2): General Motors/Central Foundry Division site, St. Lawrence County, Massena, NY. (First remedial action), December 1990

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-12-17

    The 270-acre General Motors/Central Foundry Division site is an active aluminum casting plant in Massena, St. Lawrence County, New York. The site overlies a surficial alluvial aquifer and is adjacent to wetlands, both of which have been contaminated. Additional onsite features of concern include the unlined North and East Disposal Areas and the Industrial Landfill, which contain contaminated soil, debris, sludge; four unlined Industrial Lagoons, which contain contaminated liquids, sludge, and soil; the rivers and creek which contains contaminated sediment; contaminated soil on the St. Regis Mohawk Reservation and on General Motors property; and contaminated associated wetlands. The Record of Decision (ROD) provides a final remedy for all site areas and media except the East Disposal Area and the Industrial Landfill, which will be addressed in a subsequent ROD. The primary contaminants of concern affecting the soil, sediment, sludge, debris, ground water, and surface water are PCBs, and to a much lesser degree, VOCs including TCE; and other organics including PAHs, and phenols. The selected remedial action for this site is included.

  14. Introduction to ultrasonic motors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sashida, Toshiiku; Kenjo, Takashi.

    1993-01-01

    The ultrasonic motor, invented in 1980, utilizes the piezoelectric effect in the ultrasonic frequency range to provide the motive force. (In conventional electric motors the motive force is electromagnetic.) The result is a motor with unusually good low-speed high-torque and power-to-weight characteristics. It has already found applications in camera autofocus mechanisms, medical equipment subject to high magnetic fields, and motorized car accessories. Its applications will increase as designers become more familiar with its unique characteristics. This book is the result of a collaboration between the inventor and an expert in conventional electric motors: the result is an introduction to the general theory presented in a way that links it to conventional motor theory. It will be invaluable both to motor designers and to those who design with and use electric motors as an introduction to this important new invention.

  15. Corporate governance and government owned corporations in Queensland

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    MCDONOUGH, Darryl D

    1998-01-01

    ...) - principles of corporate governance applicable to government owned corporations - history of corporatisation - objectives and features of the Government Owned Corporations Act 1993 - categorisation...

  16. Corporate Bonds in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tell, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Corporate financing is the choice between capital generated by the corporation and capital from external investors. However, since the financial crisis shook the markets in 2007–2008, financing opportunities through the classical means of financing have decreased. As a result, corporations have...... to think in alternative ways such as issuing corporate bonds. A market for corporate bonds exists in countries such as Norway, Germany, France, the United Kingdom and the United States, while Denmark is still behind in this trend. Some large Danish corporations have instead used foreign corporate bonds...... markets. However, NASDAQ OMX has introduced the First North Bond Market in December 2012 and new regulatory framework came into place in 2014, which may contribute to a Danish based corporate bond market. The purpose of this article is to present the regulatory changes in Denmark in relation to corporate...

  17. 26 CFR 1.1368-1 - Distributions by S corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 11 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Distributions by S corporations. 1.1368-1... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Small Business Corporations and Their Shareholders § 1.1368-1 Distributions by S corporations. (a) In general. This section provides rules for distributions made by an...

  18. 7 CFR 795.8 - Corporations and stockholders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Corporations and stockholders. 795.8 Section 795.8... AGRICULTURE PROVISIONS COMMON TO MORE THAN ONE PROGRAM PAYMENT LIMITATION General § 795.8 Corporations and stockholders. (a) A corporation (including a limited partnership) shall be considered as one person, and...

  19. 26 CFR 1.1563-4 - Franchised corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 13 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Franchised corporations. 1.1563-4 Section 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Certain Controlled Corporations § 1.1563-4 Franchised corporations. (a) In general. For purposes of paragraph (b)(2)(ii)(d) of § 1.1563-1, a member of a controlled group of...

  20. 26 CFR 1.672(f)-2 - Certain foreign corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certain foreign corporations. 1.672(f)-2 Section... foreign corporations. (a) Application of general rule. Subject to the provisions of paragraph (b) of this... to section 672(f) is a controlled foreign corporation (as defined in section 957), a passive...

  1. 26 CFR 1.269B-1 - Stapled foreign corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Stapled foreign corporations. 1.269B-1 Section 1... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Items Not Deductible § 1.269B-1 Stapled foreign corporations. (a) Treatment as a domestic corporation—(1) General rule. Except as otherwise provided, if a foreign corporation is a...

  2. 26 CFR 1.1502-81T - Alaska Native Corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 12 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Alaska Native Corporations. 1.1502-81T Section... Corporations. (a) General Rule. The application of section 60(b)(5) of the Tax Reform Act of 1984 and section 1804(e)(4) of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 (relating to Native Corporations established under the...

  3. Motor neuropathies and lower motor neuron syndromes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verschueren, A

    2017-05-01

    Motor or motor-predominant neuropathies may arise from disease processes affecting the motor axon and/or its surrounding myelin. Lower motor neuron syndrome (LMNS) arises from a disease process affecting the spinal motor neuron itself. The term LMNS is more generally used, rather than motor neuronopathy, although both entities are clinically similar. Common features are muscle weakness (distal or proximal) with atrophy and hyporeflexia, but no sensory involvement. They can be acquired or hereditary. Immune-mediated neuropathies (multifocal motor neuropathy, motor-predominant chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy) are important to identify, as effective treatments are available. Other acquired neuropathies, such as infectious, paraneoplastic and radiation-induced neuropathies are also well known. Focal LMNS is an amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)-mimicking syndrome especially affecting young adults. The main hereditary LMNSs in adulthood are Kennedy's disease, late-onset spinal muscular atrophy and distal hereditary motor neuropathies. Motor neuropathies and LMNS are all clinical entities that should be better known, despite being rare diseases. They can sometimes be difficult to differentially diagnose from other diseases, particularly from the more frequent ALS in its pure LMN form. Nevertheless, correct identification of these syndromes is important because their treatment and prognoses are definitely different. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  4. Sustainability and corporate environmental focus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Henning; Sinding, Knud; Ulhøi, John Parm

    1997-01-01

    In the past five to ten years, interest in the environmental roles of firms and their efforts in this area has grown enormously, first as a specialised field and more recently as an accepted element in the more mainstream management tradition. The increasing interest in firms and the environment...... has ranged widely, including different aspects of corporate environmental management, dedicated "green accounting" and "green auditing" and consumer behaviour and "green marketing". Furthermore, this growth has taken place against a background of generally increasing environmental awareness. The paper...... environmental perceptions, driving forces, and corporate responses. The final section discusses the possibility that corporate environmental management, and the many people involved in this area, are less deeply concerned with environmental imperatives than is usually expressed....

  5. Corporate Environmental Disclosures in the Nigerian Manufacturing ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gold

    2012-07-26

    Jul 26, 2012 ... among countries in different regions, corporate environmental disclosures .... generalized perception or assumption that the actions of an entity are desirable .... that of Teoh & Thong (1984) where companies in the Malaysian.

  6. Control mechanisms in corporate governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović-Zattila Milena

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The structure of corporate governance is determined by the distribution of rights and responsibilities among different actors in the company structure. Organizationally complex structure of corporate entities, established as a reflection of composite forms of business corporations, give rise to the conflict of interest between the owners, the board of directors and managers, which is generally known as the principal-agency problem. Given the fact that operations of modern companies include interaction with a large number of stakeholders, matters of ethics and accountability to the owners, employees, creditors and the state are the basic postulates which have been subject to re-examination lately. The reasons for reassessing these issues are to be sought in numerous abuses by companies, which are on the other hand highly active in their effors to protect themselves from similar abuses (mainy cyber crime. In order to respond to new challenges and requirements, which include providing for the interests of both shareholders and stakeholders, corporate management is required to establish an adequate system of internal control covering all company activities. Contemporary trends in the development of internal audit, as a mechanism of good corporate governance, are reflected in providing advice in respect of anticipated future risks and risk management.

  7. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    In Central Eastern Europe (CEE) the transition to market democracy significantly influenced the corporate governance practice. The region, demonstrates much more diversity in corporate governance than expected in generally similar transition economies. This research aims to focus on identifying the similarities and differences of corporate governance in these countries based on four research hypotheses formulated around two corporate governance variables: number of codes issued and years of d...

  8. Fostering Corporate Entrepreneurship

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ). The choice of using a strategy for corporate entrepreneurship as a primary means of .... Corporate venturing is a means of planning for organizational ambiguity in .... Multidiscipline teamwork approach, Long time horizon, Volunteer program.

  9. Fortune 500 Corporate Headquarters

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Large Corporate Headquarters in the United States This database is composed of 'an annual list of the 500 largest industrial corporations in the U.S., published by...

  10. Corporate Business Diplomacy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Mikael

    2014-01-01

    This article illustrates the interdisciplinary nature of the field of corporate business diplomacy using examples from academic disciplines, such as economics and political science, which can contribute to the understanding of corporate business diplomacy. Examples also show that corporate business...... diplomacy can complement business theories such as stakeholder theory and agency theory. Examples from practice show that in a broad sense, corporate business diplomacy is concerned with managing external stakeholders, while in a narrow sense, it is concerned with managing internal stakeholders...

  11. Can cortical silent period and motor threshold be practical parameters in the comparison of patients with generalized epilepsy and patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures?.

    Science.gov (United States)

    İpekdal, İlker H; Karadaş, Ömer; Ulaş, Ümit H; Vural, Okay

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to compare the cortical excitability of patients with generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCSs) and that of patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNESs). Patients were classified into groups according to their electroencephalogram (EEG) findings and seizure types: group 1 = GTCS with an abnormal EEG, group 2 = GTCS with a normal EEG and group 3 = PNES with a normal EEG. The control group included healthy volunteers with normal EEGs. Cortical silent period (CSP) and motor threshold (MT) were measured for all groups and the results were compared. CSPs were significantly prolonged in groups 1 and 2 when compared with group 3 and the control group. No differences were found between the MT measurements of all groups. The prolongation of CSP may demonstrate the differences between the pathophysiological mechanisms of GTCS and those of PNES. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  12. 25 CFR 227.6 - Corporations and corporate information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Corporations and corporate information. 227.6 Section 227... § 227.6 Corporations and corporate information. (a) If the applicant for a lease is a corporation, it... the lands are located, evidence showing compliance with the corporation laws thereof. Statements...

  13. 25 CFR 213.14 - Corporations and corporate information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Corporations and corporate information. 213.14 Section... Corporations and corporate information. If the applicant for a lease is a corporation, it shall file evidence..., evidence showing compliance with the corporation laws thereof. Statements of changes in officers...

  14. Corporate communications impact on corporate image and corporate competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Valentina Pirić

    2008-01-01

    The subject of this paper is an analysis of the impact of corporate communications and of the intensity of their application on a company’s image management, and an emphasis of the role that a company’s image plays as one of the fundamental sources of its competitiveness in contemporary market conditions. Through review and analysis of theoretical contributions, the paper shows how corporate communications integrate management, organization and the marketing communication dimension at the lev...

  15. Evolution of Corporate Essence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fomcenco, Alex

    2016-01-01

    , it offers a legal framework where public benefit is more important than profits. As a corporate entity, Public Benefit Corporation already exists in numerous jurisdictions and those jurisdictions that do not yet facilitate creation of this corporate form should most definitely consider it....

  16. Reinventing Corporate Communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toth, Elizabeth L.; Trujillo, Nick

    1987-01-01

    Urges a "re-inventing" of corporate communications in today's organizations, and provides information about how corporations can change in new and positive ways during the current "information age." Discusses specific public relations and organizational communication concepts essential for a comprehensive understanding of corporate communications…

  17. 26 CFR 48.4041-5 - Sales of diesel and special motor fuels and fuel for use in aircraft; rules of general application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Sales of diesel and special motor fuels and fuel... AND RETAILERS EXCISE TAXES Special Fuels § 48.4041-5 Sales of diesel and special motor fuels and fuel... of a diesel-powered highway vehicle, or of special motor fuel to an owner, lessee, or other...

  18. Role of the Occupational Physician in Corporate Management of Health Risks: An Important Aspect of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugita, Minoru; Miyakawa, Michiko

    2016-01-01

    There are various risks involved in corporate activities conducted both within and outside the corporation. Among these, health risks are very important and should be managed effectively as an integral part of corporate social responsibility (CSR). A corporation is responsible for health impairments caused by its activities and suffers great moral and economic loss when they occur. It is essential that corporate management takes proper preventive measures against such risks. Occupational physicians possess substantial knowledge of health risks in corporations. In this study, we examine the role of occupational physicians in the management of corporate health risks. Information was obtained from articles in print and on the Internet. Health risks due to corporate activities involve not only the employees of the corporation but also individuals outside the corporation. Each corporation should effectively use available resources to manage health risks. Occupational physicians are one such valuable resource. However, many corporations do not actively involve occupational physicians in health risk management. According to a current Japanese law, health risks for employees in corporations are managed by occupational physicians, but in general, health risks outside corporations are not. The 1984 Bhopal Disaster in India is an example in which physicians of the corporation were only minimally, if at all, involved in assessing and treating impaired health outside the corporation. The role of occupational physicians should be expanded to include management of health risks outside the corporation. This places a greater burden on the physicians and they must make the effort to train in many academic fields in order to better understand the entire context of health risks due to corporate activities. Some occupational physicians may be hesitant to take on such added responsibilities. Some corporations may not recognize the overall health risks due to its activities and do not

  19. Conservatism in Corporate Valuation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bach, Christian

    overestimate the cost of risk. This "error" more than offsets yet another "error", committed when using analyst's forecasts of long-term growth which are 3-4 times higher than what can be considered reasonable. Using the CCAPM approach to valuation, the results imply that investors are very conservative...... in their valuation of long-term value generation and very conservative in risk adjusting future value generation.......Using a CCAPM based risk adjustment model, consistent with general asset pricing theory, I perform corporate valuations of a large sample of stocks listed on NYSE, AMEX and NASDAQ. The model is different from the standard CAPM model in the sense that it discounts forecasted residual income for risk...

  20. Implementation of corporate governance principles in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramona Iulia Țarțavulea (Dieaconescu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to conduct a study regarding the manner in which corporate governance principles are applied in Romania, in both public and private sector. In the first part of the paper, the corporate governance principles are presented as they are defined in Romania, in comparison with the main international sources of interest in the domain (OECD corporate governance principles, UE legal framework. The corporate governance (CG principles refer to issues regarding board composition, transparency of scope, objectives and policies; they define the relations between directors and managers, shareholders and stakeholders. The research methodology is based on both fundamental research and empirical study on the implementation of corporate governance principles in companies from Romania. The main instrument of research is a corporate governance index, calculated based on a framework proposed by the author. The corporate governance principles are transposed in criteria that compose the framework for the CG index. The results of the study consist of scores for each CG principles and calculation of CG index for seven companies selected from the public and private sector in Romania. The results are analyzed and discussed in order to formulate general and particular recommendations. The main conclusion of this study is that that a legal framework in the area of corporate governance regulation is needed in Romania. I consider that the main CG principles should be enforced by developing a mandatory legal framework.

  1. 26 CFR 1.1378-1 - Taxable year of S corporation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 11 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Taxable year of S corporation. 1.1378-1 Section... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Small Business Corporations and Their Shareholders § 1.1378-1 Taxable year of S corporation. (a) In general. The taxable year of an S corporation must be a permitted year....

  2. 14 CFR 47.9 - Corporations not U.S. citizens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Corporations not U.S. citizens. 47.9... AIRCRAFT REGISTRATION General § 47.9 Corporations not U.S. citizens. (a) Each corporation applying for... corporation that registers an aircraft pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 44102 shall maintain, and make available...

  3. 26 CFR 1.883-3T - Treatment of controlled foreign corporations (temporary).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Treatment of controlled foreign corporations... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Foreign Corporations § 1.883-3T Treatment of controlled foreign corporations (temporary). (a) General rule. A foreign corporation satisfies the stock...

  4. 26 CFR 1.1363-1 - Effect of election on corporation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 11 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Effect of election on corporation. 1.1363-1... TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Small Business Corporations and Their Shareholders § 1.1363-1 Effect of election on corporation. (a) Exemption of corporation from income tax—(1) In general. Except as provided...

  5. 26 CFR 1.883-2 - Treatment of publicly-traded corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Treatment of publicly-traded corporations. 1.883...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Foreign Corporations § 1.883-2 Treatment of publicly-traded corporations. (a) General rule. A foreign corporation satisfies the stock ownership test of § 1.883-1(c)(2)...

  6. Modeling Induction Motor Imbalances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Armah, Kabenla; Jouffroy, Jerome; Duggen, Lars

    2016-01-01

    This paper gives a study into the development of a generalized model for a three-phase induction motor that offers flexibility of simulating balanced and unbalanced parameter scenarios. By analyzing the interaction of forces within the motor, we achieve our main objective of deriving the system...

  7. Effects of corporate governance on corporate reputation

    OpenAIRE

    López González, Eva

    2015-01-01

    One of the most critical strategic and enduring assets that a corporation may possess is good reputation. The positive impact of corporate reputation on firm performance has been analyzed and documented for ages. Intangible assets like reputation are increasing their importance in companies as sources of sustainable advantages. Organizations used to look for tangible assets as the drivers of these advantages, but nowadays intangible ones are getting much more weight in this sense. This is wh...

  8. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE RELATION WITH CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY

    OpenAIRE

    ISSAM MF SALTAJI

    2013-01-01

    Sustainability is targeted in this article to be integrated with corporate governance presenting its importance in business world not as obligation, but as a tool be adopted. Economic challenges push companies to think twice before making decisions. Corporate governance is a success key for companies through improving performance and gain mistrust of investors serving business sustainability. Objectives direction has been changed from concentrating on shareholders’ benefits to maintain sustai...

  9. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE RELATION WITH CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY

    OpenAIRE

    ISSAM MF SALTAJI

    2013-01-01

    Sustainability is targeted in this article to be integrated with corporate governance presenting its importance in business world not as obligation, but as a tool be adopted. Economic challenges push companies to think twice before making decisions. Corporate governance is a success key for companies through improving performance and gain mistrust of investors serving business sustainability. Objectives direction has been changed from concentrating on shareholders’ benefits to maintain sustai...

  10. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciprian Apostol

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the research was focused on measuring the performance level of corporate governance in Romania. This is carried out by evaluating the importance level given to the principles of corporate governance in the Romanian economy, while the practices of transparency and dissemination of companies’ information in the selected sample were monitored. To achieve the objectives of the study, we need to examine the Corporate Governance Code of the Bucharest Stock Exchange. Sample companies were selected and their information from the “Comply or Explain” Statements was analyzed.The research method is a non-participating observation—based on the information from the “Comply or Explain” Statement to determine whether companies are applying corporate governance and transparency elements. The research results highlight the progress of Romanian companies in the process of exercising to the principles of corporate governance, becoming internationally recognized, and integrating into the Corporate Governance Code of the Bucharest Stock Exchange.

  11. The Corporate Marketing Department

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ritter, Thomas; Eggert, Andreas; Münkhoff, Eva

    it can best add value to the firm. Based on a qualitative study among B2B companies, we develop a conceptual framework highlighting the various parental roles through which corporate marketing can contribute to overall firm and business unit performance. In addition, we identify five gaps that restrain......Corporate marketing has been downsized or eliminated in many firms. At the same time, firms that still own a corporate marketing department struggle with organizing and positioning their commercial front‐end. The question arises whether firms need a corporate marketing department, and if so, how...... successful outcomes of corporate marketing activities. In sum, our framework provides important insights on how to successfully organize corporate marketing activities....

  12. 25 CFR 226.8 - Corporation and corporate information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Corporation and corporate information. 226.8 Section 226... RESERVATION LANDS FOR OIL AND GAS MINING Leasing Procedure, Rental and Royalty § 226.8 Corporation and corporate information. (a) If the applicant for a lease is a corporation, it shall file evidence...

  13. Aanrijdingen met de betonnen geleideconstructietypen General Motors en New Yersey. Een beschrijving van verschillen in de gevolgen bij aanrijdingen en de mogelijkheden ter verbetering. Consult ten behoeve van de Dienst Verkeerskunde van de Rijkswaterstaat.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schoon, C.C. Pol, W.H.M. van de & Jordaan, D.J.R.

    1985-01-01

    From the guard rail construction made of concrete, in the Netherlands mostly used in tunnels, only the General Motor type was considered. The main result of the study presented here shows a small preference for the New Yersey type. The study has been done with the aid of the VEDYAC computer program

  14. Corporate governance in Malaysia

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    SINGAM, Kamini

    2003-01-01

    ... governance in Malaysia - the ownership structure, composition and operation of Malaysian companies in Malaysia - the nature of shareholder control and protection made available in the Malaysian corporate...

  15. Corporate Governance Country Assessment : Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2012-01-01

    This report assesses Ghana s corporate governance policy framework. It highlights recent improvements in corporate governance regulation, makes policy recommendations, and provides investors with a benchmark against which to measure corporate governance in Ghana. It is an update of the 2005 Corporate Governance ROSC. Good corporate governance enhances investor trust, helps to protects mino...

  16. Changes in health risks among the participants in the United Auto Workers--General Motors LifeSteps Health Promotion Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yen, L; Edington, M P; McDonald, T; Hirschland, D; Edington, D W

    2001-01-01

    To examine health risk changes among participants of a multicomponent worksite health promotion program. A study using health risk changes among health risk appraisal (HRA) participants linked to program participation records. Baseline risk and participation in multiple programs were examined in relation to risk change in multivariate models. Worksite health promotion programming sponsored by the United Auto Workers (UAW) and General Motors (GM). Active employees (12,984) who voluntarily participated in an HRA in each of two program years. The nationwide program was a mailed HRA and a 1-800 nurse line. A pilot program (implemented in two cities) added screening, wellness programs, a materials resource, and, for high risk participants, health coaching and vouchers for medical office visits. Using 13 selected health risk factors from the HRA, changes in overall health risks were measured as program outcomes in three ways: one-directional, net, and risk status change. A greater decrease in the number of health risks was observed with increased program participation. The decrease was significantly related to the number of baseline risk factors and eligibility for high risk programs. Associated with program participation, the number of people at low risk status increased from 70.1% to 71.3% at year 2 among nationwide participants and from 52.4% to 58.9% among pilot participants. Participation was associated with a significant impact on health risk. Baseline risk of participants and eligibility for high risk programs were necessary factors to control when measuring program effects on health risk changes.

  17. Health assessment for General Motors Central Foundry, St. Lawrence County, Massena, New York, Region 2. CERCLIS No. NYD091972554. Preliminary report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-06-30

    The General Motors Central Foundry Division is an aluminum casting plant on 270 acres located on the south bank of the St. Lawrence River in Massena, New York. The plant has been in operation since 1959. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were used in the hydraulic fluids for die-casting machines from 1968-1973. Sludges containing PCBs were landfilled in on-site disposal pits, in an industrial landfill, and in several lagoons on-site. Soils, ground water and river sediments are known to be contaminated. PCB contaminated sludges and soils are estimated to be in excess of 370,000 cubic yards at concentrations greater than 25 mg/kg (dry weight). Ground water and surface water standards for PCBs were exceeded. Potential environmental pathways include contaminated ground water, surface water, soil, and air. The consumption of contaminated fish and wildlife of the food chain is particularly significant at this site because of the close proximity of the Mohawk Indian Reservation, whose residents include large amounts of local fish and wildlife in their diets.

  18. The first of a new generation of diesel engines from General Motors - the efficient and powerful 1.6 liter Euro6 midsize diesel engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boretto, Gianmarco; Golisano, Roberto; Scotti, Michele; Antonioli, Pierpaolo; Frank, Richard M.; Rovatti, Giovanni [General Motors Powertrain Europe s.r.l., Turin (Italy); Wesslau, Markus [Adam Opel AG, Ruesselsheim (Germany)

    2013-08-01

    The major challenge the automotive industry will face in the next decade is undoubtedly the reduction of CO{sub 2} emissions. Conventional powertrains with internal combustion engines will still play a predominant role: in particular, the diesel engine will be a major contributor to the solution thanks to its intrinsic high thermodynamic efficiency and low-end torque which is a key enabler for downsizing engine displacement and downspeeding. In this context, General Motors has developed an entirely new 1.6 liter four-cylinder Midsize Diesel Engine (MDE), the first of a new generation of efficient and powerful diesel engines. Its development has been focused on the achievement of high power and torque density, superior fuel efficiency and state-of-the-art noise and vibration, while meeting the Euro6 emission standard in a wide range of B-, C- and D-segment vehicles, utilizing different exhaust aftertreatment solutions. The key technical features of the base engine, combustion system and emission reduction technologies, together with the innovative engine control unit, are described in this paper. (orig.)

  19. Application of simplified model for the analysis of a novel battery used in General Motors' Precept hybrid electric vehicle

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Verbrugge, M.W. [General Motors Corp., Troy, MI (United States). Advanced Technology Vehicles

    2000-07-01

    The challenges facing the integration of a battery module into an electric vehicle (EV) was discussed and some simple approaches to address these challenges were proposed. The cost of EV batteries inhibits large-scale commercialization. Other challenges include the current, potential and state of charge (SOC) as well as the thermal system requirements and design. One solution is to develop hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) which would mean the battery size could be significantly reduced because the engine would supply most of the needed energy to power the vehicle. The author suggested a simple mathematical method to analyze HEV batteries and conduct trade-offs in order to optimize a car's energy storage, high voltage and thermal systems. A newly developed HEV nickel-metal hydride battery system which is found in General Motors' Precept HEV was used to test the approach. The analysis is partly based on understanding how the past charges and discharges influence the apparent hysteresis characterizing the SOC versus open-circuit potential relationship. The method does not address the temperature deviations with the battery pack. The difference between liquid and air cooling was also determined. It is hoped that battery suppliers will adopt this method to speed the advancement of this sector of development. refs., tabs., figs.

  20. La adaptación de la responsabilidad social empresarial de empresas multinacionales en México: Caso General Motors México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalía Guadalupe Castillo-Villar

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Como consecuencia de la globalización, la discusión alrededor de las acciones de la responsabilidad social empresarial (RSE de empresas multinacionales ha aumentado en los últimos años. El objetivo de este trabajo es contribuir a la discusión sobre la adaptación o no de estos programas, de tal forma que se adapten a las expectativas y necesidades de la sociedad huésped. En este caso se aporta al estudio en México. Para esto se contribuye en primer lugar un breve marco conceptual de los conceptos independientes, para proceder a la argumentación a favor de esta interacción en particular y por último, se trata un breve ejemplo de esta interacción a través de un caso de estudio de la empresa General Motors que refleja claramente la adaptación de programas de RSE al mismo tiempo que sigue guías corporativas mundiales. En este trabajo se utiliza el análisis de los reportes anuales oficiales de responsabilidad social que publica la compañía como base para el análisis

  1. Improving Teacher Awareness of Fine Motor Problems and Occupational Therapy: Education Workshops for Preservice Teachers, General Education Teachers and Special Education Teachers in Canada

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Teresa; Heidebrecht, Melissa; Wehrmann, Susan; Sinclair, Gerry; Reid, Denise

    2008-01-01

    Students with fine motor problems can benefit from occupational therapy. Yet not all students receive the services because of a lack of teacher awareness about the problems and the services. This study aims to evaluate a workshop designed to improve teacher awareness about fine motor problems and occupational therapy. The study involved three…

  2. 47 CFR 36.391 - General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED) COMMON CARRIER SERVICES JURISDICTIONAL SEPARATIONS... AND RESERVES FOR TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMPANIES 1 Operating Expenses and Taxes Corporate Operations Expense § 36.391 General. Corporate Operations Expenses are included in the following account: General...

  3. Understanding Corporate Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cluff, Gary A.

    1988-01-01

    Considers concept of corporate culture and discusses several values which can be considered when assessing corporate culture, and the "compatibility scales" used to measure them. Included are discussions of employee attitudes, work atmosphere, internal communications, management style, employment opportunity, stability, business ethics, corporate…

  4. Corporate Bankruptcy Tourists

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Couwenberg, Oscar; Lubben, Stephen J.

    2015-01-01

    Foreign corporations facing financial distress have a choice: resructure in their home jurisdiction or file for bankruptcy in the United States. And some number of foreign corporations do file bankruptcy petitions in the United States. But besides the occasional anecdotal account, how frequently thi

  5. Efficiency in Corporate Takeovers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Y. Dai (Yun)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstractCorporate takeover is a very important economic activity that generates profound consequences on many classes of market participants. The great financing needs and transaction costs directly change the wealth of both shareholders and creditors. The corporate restructuring induced by

  6. Corporate Media Governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kempen, Petrus Cornelis

    2011-01-01

    The media can make or break a reputation. This being said, it seems to be essential for companies, governments and institutions to pay specific attention to corporate media management in their daily operations. However, this thesis shows that they often neglect to pay adequate attention to corporate

  7. Corporate Bankruptcy Tourists

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Couwenberg, Oscar; Lubben, Stephen J.

    2015-01-01

    Foreign corporations facing financial distress have a choice: resructure in their home jurisdiction or file for bankruptcy in the United States. And some number of foreign corporations do file bankruptcy petitions in the United States. But besides the occasional anecdotal account, how frequently

  8. Corporate Media Governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kempen, Petrus Cornelis

    2011-01-01

    The media can make or break a reputation. This being said, it seems to be essential for companies, governments and institutions to pay specific attention to corporate media management in their daily operations. However, this thesis shows that they often neglect to pay adequate attention to corporate

  9. Corporate Crime and Restitution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abel, Charles F.

    1985-01-01

    Articulates need, nature, and form of a restitutionary approach to corporate crime. Considers small, in-prison production-oriented programs; residential in-community programs, and nonresidential in-community programs for individual offenders; also considers lump sum and continuous payments for corporations to make restitution. (NRB)

  10. Reinventing Corporate Communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toth, Elizabeth L.; Trujillo, Nick

    1987-01-01

    Urges a "re-inventing" of corporate communications in today's organizations, and provides information about how corporations can change in new and positive ways during the current "information age." Discusses specific public relations and organizational communication concepts essential for a comprehensive understanding of…

  11. Corporation as climate ambassador

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trapp, Leila

    2012-01-01

    At a time when corporations are addressing increasingly complex, global corporate social responsibility (CSR) issues, this study examines and evaluates the strategies used in Vattenfall’s challenging and innovative CSR campaign which aimed at establishing the energy company as a credible climate...

  12. Institutional conditions of corporate citizenship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jeurissen, R.J.M.

    2004-01-01

    Exploring the concept of citizenship from the history of political philosophy provides suggestions about what corporate citizenship could mean. The metaphor of corporate citizenship suggests an institutional approach to corporate social responsibility. Citizenship is a social role, characterized by

  13. Institutional conditions of corporate citizenship

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jeurissen, R.J.M.

    2004-01-01

    Exploring the concept of citizenship from the history of political philosophy provides suggestions about what corporate citizenship could mean. The metaphor of corporate citizenship suggests an institutional approach to corporate social responsibility. Citizenship is a social role, characterized by

  14. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TERHADAP KINERJA PERUSAHAAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herman Darwis

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The research aimed to provide empirical evidence that corporate governance implementation,managerial ownership, institutional ownership, board of executive, and independent executiveaffected corporate performance. Population of the research was companies listed at IndonesianStock Exchange (ISX between 2006 – 2008; sampling method used was purposive sampling as well asmultiple regression analysis. The result showed the implementation of GCG affected corporate performance.This meant that if the listed companies at BEI and have been surveyed by IICG implement agood corporate governance, the performance would increase. The higher corporate governance wasmeasured by corporate governance index perception, the higher corporate obedience and result ina good corporate performance. Institutional ownership affected corporate performance. The greaterinstitutional share ownership, the better corporate performance. The result showed that controlfunction from the ownership did determine improving corporate performance. Managerial ownership,board of commissioner, and commissioner independent did not affect corporate.

  15. THEORIES OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sorin Nicolae BORLEA

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to provide a theoretical framework for the corporate governance debate. The review of various corporate governance theories enhances the major objective of corporate governance which is maximizing the value for shareholders by ensuring good social and environment performances. The theories of corporate governance are rooted in agency theory with the theory of moral hazard’s implications, further developing within stewardship theory and stakeholder theory and evolving at resource dependence theory, transaction cost theory and political theory. Later, to these theories was added ethics theory, information asymmetry theory or the theory of efficient markets. These theories are defined based on the causes and effects of variables such as: the configuration of the board of directors, audit committee, independence of managers, the role of top management and their social relations beyond the legal regulatory framework. Effective corporate governance requires applying a combination

  16. A Review of Corporate Strategic Transformation Research and the Construction of General Framework%企业战略转型研究述评与基本框架构建

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小玉; 薛有志; 牛建波

    2015-01-01

    This paper elaborates the connotation of strategic transformation from the per‐spectives of both changes in strategic content and decision-making process and clarifies the relationship among the changes in corporate-level ,business-level and functional-level strate‐gic content .Besides ,it clearly defines the connotation of strategic transformation as a process of systematic change in corporate strategy and review s the measurement methods of strategic transformation I.t analyzes how key factors affect strategic transformation from the perspec‐tives of resources & capacity ,external environment and managers’ characteristics & motiva‐tions .Then ,based on the analysis of the connotation and theoretical perspectives of strategic transformation ,this paper builds a general framework for strategic transformation research . Finally ,it points out the directions in future research based on the limitations of current stra‐tegic transformation research .%本文从战略内容的变化和战略决策程序的变化两个维度阐述了战略转型的内涵,厘清了公司层、经营层和职能层战略内容变化之间的关系。基于此,本文清晰地界定了战略转型的内涵,即企业战略发生的系统性变化的过程,并且评述了战略转型的度量方法。本文还分别从资源和能力、外部环境以及管理者特征和动机的角度分析了这些关键要素是如何影响战略转型的。然后基于战略转型内涵和理论视角的分析构建了战略转型研究的一个一般框架。最后结合现有战略转型研究的不足指出了未来研究方向。

  17. 26 CFR 1.50B-2 - Electing small business corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Electing small business corporations. 1.50B-2... business corporations. (a) General rule—(1) In general. In the case of an electing small business corporation (as defined in section 1371 (b)), WIN expenses (as defined in paragraph (a) of § 1.50B-1) shall...

  18. Corporate Foresight: An Emerging Field with a Rich Tradition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohrbeck, René; Battistella, Cinzia; Huizingh, Eelko

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this introductory article to the Special Issue on Corporate Foresight is to provide an overview of the state of the art, major challenges and to identify development trajectories. We define corporate foresight as an ability that permits an organization to lay the foundation for a futu...... corporate foresight research can build on theoretical notions in general management, and can contribute to such on-going debates....

  19. Business Performance in the Context of Corporate Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haršányová, Petra; Vaňová, Jaromíra; Čambál, Miloš

    2016-06-01

    Corporate culture is defined as a set of ideas, attitudes, values and behaviour patterns, which are generally accepted and preferred in a company. Company performance is the company's ability to achieve the best results through an evaluation of its assumptions. The article is focused on identifying factors in corporate culture, which changes can increase working satisfaction of employees through targeted shaping of corporate culture, which is ultimately reflected in the performance of the company as a whole.

  20. Corporate Blogging For Dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Karr, Douglas

    2010-01-01

    Establish a successful corporate blog to reach your customers. Corporate blogs require careful planning and attention to legal and corporate policies in order for them to be productive and effective. This fun, friendly, and practical guide walks you through using blogging as a first line of communication to customers and explains how to protect your company and employees through privacy, disclosure, and moderation policies. Blogging guru Douglas Karr demonstrates how blogs are an ideal way to offer a conversational and approachable relationship with customers. You'll discover how to prepare, e

  1. Corporate Social Behaviour

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neergaard, Peter; Rahbek Pedersen, Esben

    2003-01-01

    , human rights and environmental protection. Without a common point of reference in national regulation, managers in multinational enterprises now have to develop their own codes of corporate social behaviour. This has created a growing market for private standards within the field of environmental...... management systems, social accountability, corporate citizenship, occupational health and safety and so forth. However, both the idea of government regulation and the literature acclaiming corporate self-regulation should be met with some scepticism. This paper offers a short assessment of the potentials...

  2. Factor analysis of processes of corporate culture formation at industrial enterprises of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Illiashenko Sergii

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Authors have analyzed and synthesized the features of formation and development of the corporate culture at industrial enterprises of Ukraine and on this basis developed recommendations for application in the management of strategic development. During the research authors used the following general scientific methods: at research of patterns of interaction national culture, corporate culture and the culture of the individual authors used logical generalization method; for determining factors influencing corporate culture formation with the level of occurrence authors used factor analysis; for trend analysis of the corporate culture development at appropriate levels authors used comparative method. Results of the analysis showed that macro- and microfactors are external and mezofaktors (adaptability of business and corporate governance, corporate ethics, corporate social responsibility and personnel policies, corporate finance are internal for an enterprise. Authors have identified areas for each of the factors, itemized obstacles to the establishment and development of corporate culture at Ukrainian industrial enterprises and proposed recommendations for these processes management.

  3. Malaysian Code of Corporate Governance: One more perspective of scoring the best compliance of corporate governance by Malaysian listed companies.

    OpenAIRE

    Mok, Kam Wah

    2004-01-01

    Worldwide public listed company scandals, failures and breakdown in fair and truthful accounting had undermined investing public faith in corporate leadership, financial reporting by directors and external auditors, and the integrity of the securities markets.The general consensus view is that to attract foreign capital inflows into one economy it must have the basis elements of good corporate governance. Good corporate governance would secure a strong and health public listed companies which...

  4. Relação entre índice de massa corporal e habilidade motora grossa em crianças de quatro a seis anos Relationship between body mass index and gross motor skill in four to six year-old children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrizio Zandonadi Catenassi

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve por objetivo verificar a relação entre o desempenho em tarefas de habilidade motora grossa com o índice de massa corporal (IMC em meninos e meninas de quatro a seis anos de idade. Para tanto, foram analisadas 27 crianças, sendo 16 meninos e 11 meninas, com idade média de 5,64 ± 0,67 anos. As crianças foram submetidas ao Test of Gross Motor Development - Second Edition (TGMD-2, proposto por Ulrich (2000 e ao Körperkoordinations-test für Kinder (KTK, proposto por Kiphard e Schilling (1974. A pontuação obtida nos dois testes foi reduzida a uma escala comum a ambos. Foi verificada a correlação entre essa escala e o IMC das crianças por meio do teste de correlação de Spearman, com P This study had to aim to verify the relationship between performance in gross motor skill tasks and body mass index (BMI in four to six year-old boys and girls. 27 children were analyzed, 16 boys and 11 girls, mean age of 5.64 ± 0.67 years. The children were submitted to the Test of Gross Motor Development-Second Edition (TGMD-2, proposed by Ulrich (2000 and to the Körperkoordinations-test für Kinder (KTK, proposed by Kiphard and Schilling (1974. The punctuation obtained in the two tests was reduced to a scale common to both. The correlation between this scale and the BMI of the children was verified through the Spearman correlation test, with P < 0.05. No significant interaction was observed among variables when boys and girls were analyzed or when the analysis was conducted with gender distinction. Moreover, no interaction between the BMI and tasks which required higher demand of physical capacities was observed, which should be verified in further studies. It was possible to conclude from our results, that the performance of four to six year-old children in tasks which involved gross motor skill did not relate with BMI.

  5. 78 FR 52982 - Experian, Experian US Headquarters: Corporate Departments (Finance, HRMD, Contracts, Corporate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-27

    ... Employment and Training Administration Experian, Experian US Headquarters: Corporate Departments (Finance...), Experian, Experian US Headquarters: Corporate Departments (finance, HRMD, Contracts, Corporate Marketing...: Corporate Departments (finance, HRMD, Contracts, Corporate Marketing, Global Corporate Systems, Legal...

  6. Top management motivation in global corporations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmytro Lukianenko

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article explores economic localization, socialization and development intellectualization processes. The research is focused on the relevant problem implying formation and development of human resources at organizations as a key factor of their competitiveness. Based on generalizing modern theoretical motivational models a comprehensive analysis of the motivation system for top management of corporations within the paradigm of global management has been carried out. Special attention is paid to the phenomenon of global business personification and virtualization, as well as to the formation of new financial and nonfinancial incentives for top managers. Practices of effective incentives for the contemporary key corporate management actors have been studied. A comprehensive country-based comparative analysis of key tools for financial and non-financial corporate incentives for top managers within the system of long-term, short-term and regulatory criteria and parameters has been performed. Based on summarizing academic studies and empirical evidence of the leading multinational corporations a motivational model for top management of corporations has been grounded and suggested for practical implementation in Ukraine with the said model accounting for the corporations' basic needs, financial status and interests as well as for countryspecific and regional features.

  7. Corporate Social Responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kampf, Constance

    2007-01-01

    Understanding Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as having explicit policies and implicit norms situated in cultural systems highlights the connections between institutional and cultural structures of nation states and business' commitment to CSR as reflected in the strategies used to communic...

  8. Corporate Social Responsibility

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Suhaimi Ishak; Mohamad Naimi Mohamad Nor

    2017-01-01

    .... In Malaysia, based on the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance (MCCG), (2007; 2012) clearly stated the role and responsibility of the board of directors toward the risk management activities...

  9. The corporate security professional

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Karen Lund

    2013-01-01

    In our age of globalization and complex threat environments, every business is called upon to manage security. This tendency is reflected in the fact that a wide range of businesses increasingly think about security in broad terms and strive to translate national security concerns into corporate...... speech. This article argues that the profession of the security manager has become central for understanding how the relationship between national and corporate security is currently negotiated. The national security background of most private sector security managers makes the corporate security...... professional inside the company a powerful hybrid agent. By zooming in on the profession and the practice of national security inside companies, the article raises questions about where to draw the line between corporate security and national security along with the political consequences of the constitution...

  10. Measuring Corporate Sustainability Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugen Nicolăescu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to examine and evaluate the evolving character of sustainability management in corporations, the significance of environmental protection and sustainability, and barriers to carrying out an incorporated and strategic firm-wide advance of social responsibility. In the present paper, we focus on the contribution of sustainability undertakings towards enhancing corporate performance, the financial involvements of sustainability position and operation, and the chief function of values in corporate policy. Our paper contributes to the literature by supplying proof of elements that lead to the triumph of business patterns for sustainable development, processes through which stakeholders are affecting corporate sustainability conduct, and the link between economic growth and the environment.

  11. Corporate Social Responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kampf, Constance

    2007-01-01

    Understanding Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as having explicit policies and implicit norms situated in cultural systems highlights the connections between institutional and cultural structures of nation states and business' commitment to CSR as reflected in the strategies used...

  12. 26 CFR 1.897-6T - Nonrecognition exchanges applicable to corporations, their shareholders, and other taxpayers, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... corporations, their shareholders, and other taxpayers, and certain transfers of property in corporate... transfers of property in corporate reorganizations (temporary). (a) Nonrecognition exchanges—(1) In general... foreign corporation; and the transfer is incident to a mere change in identity, form, or place...

  13. Corporate Governance and Shareholder Litigation

    OpenAIRE

    Kalchev, Georgi

    2009-01-01

    The probability for shareholder litigation is studied and how corporate governance characteristics and other factors explain it. Shareholder litigation results from failure of corporate governance. Thus a better quality of corporate governance is hypothesized to decrease the litigation probability. Corporate governance index is constructed based on principal components. It is found to be a significant predictor of shareholder litigation.

  14. Corporate risk management : an overview

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosterhof, Casper M.

    2001-01-01

    Corporate risk management and hedging are important activities within financial as well as non-financial corporations. Under the assumptions of Modigliani and Miller [1958], corporate risk management is a redundant activity. However, the existence of market imperfections can explain the corporate us

  15. Corporate Governance Country Assessment : Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2005-01-01

    This report assesses Brazil's corporate governance policy framework. It highlights recent improvements in corporate governance regulation, makes policy recommendations, and provides investors with a benchmark against which to measure corporate governance in Brazil. It is an update of the 2005 corporate governance Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC). Brazil's experience o...

  16. Tax planning in corporation

    OpenAIRE

    Nevodnicheva, Yulia

    2010-01-01

    This thesis "Tax planning in corporation" puts brain to legal entity income tax and it is looking for possible solutions in tax planning in corporation. The first part deals with the tax theory, the other part is the theory of tax planning, comparison of tax regimes and tax policy and tax revenue by optimizing both internationally and in the local aspect. The last part discusses options for optimizing tax

  17. China Petrochemical Corporation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec Group) is a super-large petroleum and petrochemical enterprise group, established in July 1998 on the basis of the former China Petrochemical Corporation. Sinopec Group is a state-owned company solely invested by the state, function ing as a state-authorized investment organization in which the state holds the controlling share. Headquartered in Beijing, Sinopec Group has a registered capital of 182 billion yuan. The board chairman of Sinopec Group is its legal representative.

  18. The Corporations Act 2001

    OpenAIRE

    Bostock, Tom

    2002-01-01

    The author outlines reforms made in Australia in the area of company law with an analysis of the Corporations Act 2001, which along with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission Act 2001 comprises Corporations legislation in Australia. Article by Tom Bostock (a partner in the law firm Mallesons Stephen Jaques, Melbourne, Australia). Published in Amicus Curiae - Journal of the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies and its Society for Advanced Legal Studies. The Journal is produced by...

  19. Corporate Risk Disclosure and Corporate Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaouthar Lajili

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available To date, research which integrates corporate governance and risk management has been limited. Yet, risk exposure and management are increasingly becoming the core function of modern business enterprises in various sectors and industries domestically and globally. Risk identification and management are crucial in any business strategy design and implementation. From the investors’ point of view, knowledge of the risk profile, risk appetite and risk management are key elements in making sound portfolio investment decisions. This paper examines the relationships between corporate governance mechanisms and risk disclosure behavior using a sample of Canadian publicly-traded companies (TSX 230. Results show that Canadian public companies are more likely to disclose risk management information over and above the mandatory risk disclosures, if they are larger in size and if their boards of directors have more independent members. Minority voting control ownership structures appear to negatively impact risk disclosure and CEO incentive compensation shows mixed results. The paper concludes that more research is needed to further assess the impact of various governance mechanisms on corporate risk management and disclosure behavior.

  20. Motor Neurons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hounsgaard, Jorn

    2017-01-01

    Motor neurons translate synaptic input from widely distributed premotor networks into patterns of action potentials that orchestrate motor unit force and motor behavior. Intercalated between the CNS and muscles, motor neurons add to and adjust the final motor command. The identity and functional...... properties of this facility in the path from synaptic sites to the motor axon is reviewed with emphasis on voltage sensitive ion channels and regulatory metabotropic transmitter pathways. The catalog of the intrinsic response properties, their underlying mechanisms, and regulation obtained from motoneurons...... in in vitro preparations is far from complete. Nevertheless, a foundation has been provided for pursuing functional significance of intrinsic response properties in motoneurons in vivo during motor behavior at levels from molecules to systems....

  1. Designing a curriculum for healthy work: reflections on the United Automobile, Aerospace and Agricultural Implement Workers-General Motors Ergonomics Pilot Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schurman, S J; Silverstein, B A; Richards, S E

    1994-01-01

    An ambitious ergonomics pilot project sponsored by UAW-GM sought to bypass traditional "top-down" methods of ergonomics training in favor of an in-house "bottom-up" approach that empowered workers to implement basic ergonomic improvements in their own work areas. UAW and GM eventually used the program as the model for a corporate-wide ergonomics program that they later implemented.

  2. Dutch Corporate Liquidity Management: New Evidence on Aggregation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruinshoofd, A.; Kool, C.J.M.|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/074563335

    In this paper we investigate Dutch corporate liquidity management in general, and target adjustment behaviour in particular. To this purpose, we use a simple error correction model of corporate liquidityholdings applied to firm-level data for the period 1977-1997. We confirm the existence of

  3. Gendering Corporal Punishment: Beyond the Discourse of Human Rights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphreys, Sara

    2008-01-01

    In the last few years the Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children has been gathering momentum, with a submission to "The United Nations Secretary General's study on violence against children" the most recent addition to the cause. Nevertheless, corporal punishment in schools is still condoned in many countries and its practice…

  4. Behind the scenes: the corporate governance preferences of institutional investors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    McCahery, J.A.; Sautner, Z.; Starks, L.T.

    2009-01-01

    Institutional investors are the dominant force in financial markets today, yet their preferences about corporate governance are generally undisclosed and their activities in this area tend to be performed privately. We conduct a survey to elicit their views on investor protection and corporate

  5. Dutch Corporate Liquidity Management: New Evidence on Aggregation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bruinshoofd, A.; Kool, C.J.M.

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we investigate Dutch corporate liquidity management in general, and target adjustment behaviour in particular. To this purpose, we use a simple error correction model of corporate liquidityholdings applied to firm-level data for the period 1977-1997. We confirm the existence of long-ru

  6. 27 CFR 53.97 - Constructive sale price; affiliated corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...; affiliated corporations. 53.97 Section 53.97 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX...; affiliated corporations. (a) In general. Sections 4216(b) (3) and (4) of the Code establish procedures for determining a constructive sale price under section 4216(b)(1)(C) of the Code for sales between...

  7. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE, OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE AND CORPORATE DIVERSIFICATION: EVIDENCE FROM THE MALAYSIAN LISTED COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayoib Che Ahmad

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Previous research has contributed much to our understanding of the relationship between corporate diversification strategy and corporate governance quality. The majority of published works has been on sophisticated and mature markets in first world nations. This paper extends previous knowledge by examining this relationship in a developing country. Malaysia is a developing country that provides a rich setting for corporate governance research. The structure of the business environment and the availability of published data make it an interesting research site.The results showed that outside blockholding especially non-institutional blockholding was negatively associated with diversification. However, evidence of significant relationship between managerial ownership and diversification was not found although the directions were generally as expected. Similarly, good corporate governance was shown to reduce diversification activities. The variable for separate board structure was consistently significant in most of the estimations. However, the other measure of corporate governance namely the proportion of outside directors was not as significant as might be expected. The study opens the way for a richer understanding of the links between corporate governance, ownership structure and corporate diversification in a developing country.

  8. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST'S MANAGEMENT IN CORPORATION: GNOSEOLOGICAL ASPECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Shershnyova

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to analysis the nature and peculiarities of stakeholder's conflicts of interests in corporations. it is mentioned that corporation is a system that continuously interacts with stakeholders which include a wide range of subjects interested in the company. The model of corporation functioning' environment as the environment of interests is developed. The corporation is considered to be a system that continuously interacts with subjects of interest' environment namely stakeholders which include a wide range of subjects interested in the company' activity. The objectives of stakeholders entering into a relationship with the corporation are revealed. The key groups of stakeholders in corporation are determined. The main cause of interests' conflict in the corporation is outlined as the opposite of the general and private interests. And the bearer of general interest is the corporation and of private are individual stakeholders. The model of Accountability Scorecard decision is proposed for making decision about classification of certain persons to corporation' stakeholders. The various feasibility of stakeholders interests in the countries with transition economies are determined. The specific principles of conflicts' interests' management are outlined.

  9. Corporate Social Responsibility and Shareholder Proposals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eding, Erwin; Scholtens, Bert

    2017-01-01

    We study how corporate social responsibility relates to investors, firms and shareholder proposals. We examine shareholder proposals on environmental, social, and governance issues at the annual general meeting of shareholders with US Fortune 250 firms during 2011-2014. We find that especially the

  10. Corporate Social Responsibility and Shareholder Proposals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eding, Erwin; Scholtens, Bert

    2017-01-01

    We study how corporate social responsibility relates to investors, firms and shareholder proposals. We examine shareholder proposals on environmental, social, and governance issues at the annual general meeting of shareholders with US Fortune 250 firms during 2011-2014. We find that especially the p

  11. Corporate Strategy and Industrial Training. Contract Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Robert R.

    Using a brief series of extended interviews, a study gathered information on how corporate competitive strategies affect, and are affected by, worker training requirements. It focused on training activities involving plant-level personnel and first-level supervisors. Interviews were conducted with general manufacturing executives and training…

  12. Exploring the Institutionalization of Corporate Responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haack, Patrick; Schoeneborn, Dennis

    2015-01-01

    by drawing on the prominent management practice of corporate responsibility. Our paper contributes to the development of a general theory of decoupling and institutionalization by examining the boundary conditions under which organizations adopt ceremonially or implement substantively a policy. We discuss...

  13. Leaders as Corporate Responsibility Spokesperson: How Leaders Explain Liabilites Via Corporate Web Sites?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burcu Öksüz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to reveal the corporate social responsibility (CSR understandings of corporations from the leaders’ perspective and discuss how leaders define and explain CSR practices their organizations executed as spokesperson via social media channels of their organizations.  In this context, a content analysis aiming to display the ideas of Turkey’s top 250 corporations’ leaders (CEO, chairman of the board, general manager designated by Istanbul Chamber of Industry in 2013. The leader messages about different dimensions of CSR and CSR practices that are partaking in corporate web sites were examined. According to the results of the analysis, it is found that the leaders act as responsible leaders, and also the spokesperson of their corporations. In addition it is found out that responsible leaders included multiplexed information on different dimensions and various practices of CSR in their social media messages.

  14. Motor syndromes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corea, Francesco; Micheli, Sara

    2012-01-01

    Motor disturbances alone or associated with other focal deficits are the most common symptoms suggesting a neurovascular event. An appropriate clinical assessment of these signs and symptoms may help physicians to better diagnose and to both better treat and predict outcome. In this paper the main clinical features of motor deficit are described together with other motor-related events such as ataxia and movement disturbances.

  15. APL: a corporate strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, J; Nyatanga, L; Ringer, C; Greaves, J

    1992-06-01

    This paper is based on, and summarises, papers read at the second annual international conference of Nurse Education Tomorrow held at the University of Durham (UK) September 1991. To this end this paper will offer: Some Accreditation of Prior Learning (APL) definition and process as reflected in the literature available. A distinction will be made between APL and Accreditation of Prior Experiential Learning (APEL) although the procedures and processes for assessing them will be shown to be the same. A brief outline of corporate strategy, as it applies to APL, will be given to form the basis for logical demonstration of how Derbyshire Institute of Health and Community Studies has employed such a corporate strategy. Insights developed and gained from APL research currently being undertaken through the college of nursing and midwifery will be used to inform the development and nature of corporate strategy. A flowchart of the operationalisation of the corporate strategy is offered as an integrative summary of how all the APL ideas have had a positive cumulative effect. The paper finishes by highlighting the possible strengths and limitations of APL corporate strategy.

  16. Income Outcome: Life in the Corporate University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robyn Ferrell

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Higher education on the corporate model imagines students as consumers, choosing between knowledge products and brands. It imagines itself liberating the university from the dictates of the State/tradition/aristocratic self-replication, and putting it in the hands of its democratic stakeholders. It therefore naturally subscribes to the general management principles and practices of global corporate culture. These principles – transparency, accountability, efficiency – are hard to argue with in principle. But an abstract argument in political economy comes down to earth in the challenges facing the arts and humanities, after the ‘Education Revolution’, to justify their modes of life.

  17. 17 CFR 200.18 - Director of Division of Corporation Finance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Corporation Finance. 200.18 Section 200.18 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE... General Organization § 200.18 Director of Division of Corporation Finance. The Director of the Division of Corporation Finance is responsible to the Commission for the administration of all matters (except...

  18. 26 CFR 31.3306(p)-1 - Employees of related corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 15 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Employees of related corporations. 31.3306(p)-1... of related corporations. (a) In general. For purposes of sections 3301, 3302, and 3306(b)(1), when two or more related corporations concurrently employ the same individual and compensate...

  19. 26 CFR 1.243-3 - Certain dividends from foreign corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certain dividends from foreign corporations. 1...) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Special Deductions for Corporations § 1.243-3 Certain dividends from foreign corporations. (a) In general. (1) In determining the deduction provided in section 243(a),...

  20. Corporate governance and liquidity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farooq, Omar; Derrabi, Mohamed; Naciri, Monir

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of corporate governance mechanisms on liquidity in the MENA region, i.e. Morocco, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Kuwait, and Bahrain. Using turnover as a proxy for liquidity, we document significant difference in liquidity between the pre......- and the post-crisis periods in the MENA region. In addition, our results show that bulk of this reduction in turnover can be explained due to weaknesses of corporate governance mechanisms. For example, that dividend payout ratio and choice of auditors – proxies for agency problems – can explain the entire...... difference in liquidity between the two periods. Furthermore, our results indicate that more than 50% of this difference between the two periods can be explained by operational and informational complexity of a firm – proxy for transparency. We argue that poor corporate governance mechanisms increase...

  1. Corporate dentistry in 2032?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Michael

    2012-07-01

    During the last 20 years, there has been considerable growth in the number of dental practices owned by corporate bodies. At present, well over 800 practices are owned by such bodies and they employ over 3000 dentists. This paper describes the factors that have led to this growth and explores the advantages and disadvantages of 'corporate' dentistry for patients, dentists, and the dental team. It then considers how and why dental practice may change over the next 20 years and concludes that by 2032 the small one-dentist practice may well be in the past. It is likely that smaller practices will have to work in some form of association if they are to survive. Although their current model is unstable, corporates are likely to adapt to a changing environment. By 2032, in some cases, dentistry may well be taken out of its conventional setting, into supermarkets or a school environment.

  2. Corporate governance and liquidity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farooq, Omar; Derrabi, Mohamed; Naciri, Monir

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of corporate governance mechanisms on liquidity in the MENA region, i.e. Morocco, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Kuwait, and Bahrain. Using turnover as a proxy for liquidity, we document significant difference in liquidity between the pre......- and the post-crisis periods in the MENA region. In addition, our results show that bulk of this reduction in turnover can be explained due to weaknesses of corporate governance mechanisms. For example, that dividend payout ratio and choice of auditors – proxies for agency problems – can explain the entire...... difference in liquidity between the two periods. Furthermore, our results indicate that more than 50% of this difference between the two periods can be explained by operational and informational complexity of a firm – proxy for transparency. We argue that poor corporate governance mechanisms increase...

  3. Iranian Corporations and Corporate Social Responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Chapardar

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Comparative studies have demonstrated that the themes for corporate social responsibility (CSR initiatives are different among nations and geographic regions based on their cultural, political, legal, social, and economic contexts. In this research, which was conducted on 56 corporations from IMI100 (100 Iranian companies with highest annual sales, ranked by Industrial Management Institute or IMI, CSR themes in priority have been identified. Data collected from a semistructured questionnaire and some complementary interviews were analyzed against the results of a reference study over 100 companies from developed countries. The resulted themes, some of which may have several subthemes, were developed in three economic, environmental, and social categories. Beside these qualitative findings, two indices are constructed for indicating the “importance” of and “contribution” to each theme. The results and discussions are supposed to help business leaders, international companies inside Iran, governmental authorities, and researchers to improve CSR discussions and practices in the country where CSR undergoes a less structured platform.

  4. Jaarboek corporate governance 2011-2012

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.; Bier, B.; Kaptein, M.; Paape, L.

    2011-01-01

    In dit eerste Jaarboek Corporate Governance worden uiteenlopende aspecten van Corporate Governance nader besproken door toonaangevende schrijvers uit verschillende disciplines. Inclusief actuele corporate governance code.

  5. Jaarboek corporate governance 2011-2012

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lückerath – Rovers, M.; Bier, B.; Kaptein, M.; Paape, L.

    2011-01-01

    In dit eerste Jaarboek Corporate Governance worden uiteenlopende aspecten van Corporate Governance nader besproken door toonaangevende schrijvers uit verschillende disciplines. Inclusief actuele corporate governance code.

  6. Corporate Social Responsibility of Multinational Oil Corporations to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Corporate Social Responsibility of Multinational Oil Corporations to Host ... adopting partnership strategies as a means of contributing to community development, ... community development partnership (CDPs) initiatives' undertaken by Exxon ...

  7. The clinic as a good corporate neighbor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sass, Hans-Martin

    2013-02-01

    Clinics today specialize in health repair services similar to car repair shops; procedures and prices are standardized, regulated, and inflexibly uniform. Clinics of the future have to become Health Care Centers in order to be more respected and more effective corporate neighbors in offering outreach services in health education and preventive health care. The traditional concept of care for health is much broader than repair management and includes the promotion of lay health competence and responsibility in healthy social and natural environments. The corporate profile and ethics of the clinic as a good and competitive local neighbor will have to focus on [a] better personalized care, [b] education and services in preventive care, [c] direct or web-based information and advice for general, seasonal, or age related health risks, and on developing and improving trustworthy character traits of the clinic as a corporate person and a good neighbor.

  8. Corporate Identity as a Factor of Corporate Security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena B. Perelygina

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Forming-upof the corporate identity is based on cognitive, affective and conative elements of corporate culture. The group as an entity choosing goals and values ensures a certain response to standards and values of corporate culture within the parameters of its social responsibility. Corporate security as security of community and cooperation acts as a form of organizational and ethical approach to developing socially responsible attitude of government and business.

  9. CORPORATE IDENTITY AS A FACTOR OF CORPORATE SECURITY

    OpenAIRE

    Perelygina, Elena B.

    2011-01-01

    Forming-up of the corporate identity is based on cognitive, affective and conative elements of corporate culture. The group as an entity choosing goals and values ensures a certain response to standards and values of corporate culture within the parameters of its social responsibility. Corporate security as security of community and cooperation acts as a form of organizational and ethical approach to developing socially responsible attitude of government and business.

  10. Kidney Stones Prevalence Investigation and Control Countermeasures Re-search of of Dongfeng Motor Corporation Employees%东风公司员工肾结石现患状况调查与控制对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何均萍; 尤莉; 刘国民; 赵长华

    2014-01-01

    Objective To study the incidence of kidney stones and conditions of gender, age, left kidney, right kidney and double kidneys. Methods By the way of epidemiology description to analyze the data of 3361 Dongfeng Motor Corporation’s employees’ who took the physical examination in 2012, and who had the type-B ultrasonic examination. Results The prevalence of kidney stones was 26.7%, and male and female prevalence rates respectively were 30.1% and 19.6%, which increases by the age. The prevalence rate of male and female’s double kidney stones is the highest, the prevalence rate of right kidney stones is the lowest, and the prevalence rate of male and female’s double kidney stones, left kidney stones and right kidney stones showed 3:2:1 lad-der-type decrease distribution. Conclusion The incidence of kidney stones of Dongfeng Corporation’s employees is higher than the people in other places, and there may be a certain relationship with the occupation. Bringing the kidney stones into disease control department’s chronic disease management is important to the control of kidney stones.%目的:研究肾结石的发生和性别、年龄、左、右、双肾情况。方法用描述流行病学方法分析东风公司2012年健康体检的3361名已做B超。结果肾结石患病率为26.7%,男女患病率分别为30.1%和19.6%,随年龄增加肾结石患病率而上升。男女双肾结石患病率最高,右肾最低,男女双、左、右肾结石患病呈3:2:1下阶梯式分布。结论东风公司员工肾结石的发病率高于其他地区人群,可能与职业有一定关系,把肾结石纳入到疾病控制部门的慢性病管理,对控制肾结石具有重要意义。

  11. The integration of corporate governance in corporate social responsibility disclosures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolk, A.; Pinkse, J.

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, not only has attention to corporate governance increased but also the notion has broadened considerably, and started to cover some aspects traditionally seen as being part of corporate social responsibility (CSR). CSR, corporate governance and their interlink seem particularly relev

  12. The integration of corporate governance in corporate social responsibility disclosures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolk, A.; Pinkse, J.

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, not only has attention to corporate governance increased but also the notion has broadened considerably, and started to cover some aspects traditionally seen as being part of corporate social responsibility (CSR). CSR, corporate governance and their interlink seem particularly relev

  13. The integration of corporate governance in corporate social responsibility disclosures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolk, A.; Pinkse, J.

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, not only has attention to corporate governance increased but also the notion has broadened considerably, and started to cover some aspects traditionally seen as being part of corporate social responsibility (CSR). CSR, corporate governance and their interlink seem particularly

  14. Stakeholder Versus Shareholder Satisfaction in Corporate Risk Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabo, Tom

    Inherent in corporate governance is the conflict between satisfying stakeholders in general and satisfying shareholders in particular. This empirical study of Danish non-financial companies enhances the understanding of the interaction between corporate risk management and corporate governance....... The study finds (1) that contrary to the economic model of human behaviour, companies in which the largest shareholder is a person tend to satisfy stakeholders in general as opposed to shareholders in particular and (2) that companies with an aim of stakeholder satisfaction pursue a more comprehensive...... hedging strategy than companies with an aim of shareholder satisfaction....

  15. Hubungan Corporate Governance, Corporate Social Responsibilities dan Corporate Financial Performance Dalam Satu Continuum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etty Murwaningsari

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to identify the influence of Good Corporate Governance, represented by institutional ownership and managerial ownership, on Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Financial Performance, and also to observe the possible influence of Corporate Social Responsibility on Corporate Financial Performance. This research examines 126 manufacturing companies which are listed in Indonesian Stock Exchange (ISX and have issued an audited financial statement for 2006. The statistical method used to test the hypothesis is Path Analysis. The result suggests that Good Corporate Governance influences both the disclosure of Corporate Social Responsibility and Corporate Financial Performance and that Corporate Social Responsibility significantly influences Corporate Financial Performance. The result also suggests that CEO Tenure, the controlling variable, holds a significant influence on the disclosure of Corporate Social Responsibility. Yet, there is no strong evidence to support the type of industries as an influencing factor of Corporate Social Responsibility. Furthermore, we found that the latter condition would also apply when we analyze the influence of Corporate Secretary and Nomination and Remuneration Committee on Corporate Financial Performance. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi pengaruh antara struktur Coorporate Governance yang diproksikan sebagai kepemilikan institusional, kepemilikan manajerial terhadap corporate social responsibility dan corporate social responsibility terhadap corporate financial performance. Penelitian menggunakan data sekunder dari laporan tahunan 2006 perusahaan publik yang terdapat di Pusat Referensi Pasar Modal (PRPM Bursa Efek Indonesia (BEI. Sampel dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 126 perusahaan. Melalui pendekatan analisa jalur (path analysis menunjukkan Good Corporate Governance yaitu kepemilikan managerial dan institusional mempunyai pengaruh terhadap

  16. Corporate Social Responsibility in Afghanistan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Azizi, Sameer

    This doctoral dissertation examines the business-development relations in Afghanistan by focusing on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and other related practices from corporations in the Afghan mobile telecommunications industry. More concretely, the study aims to explore the characteristics...

  17. 76 FR 68747 - Hess Corporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-07

    ...] Hess Corporation v. PJM Interconnection, L.L.C.; Notice of Petition for Declaratory Order and Complaint... 385.212, Hess Corporation (Complainant) filed a Petition for Declaratory Order requesting that...

  18. Of Corporate Bondage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridgeway, James

    1975-01-01

    "While it is entirely possible that the university will continue to function as an essential arm of the giant agribusiness and energy corporations, there are, nevertheless, a wealth of opportunities for it to direct its energies to more useful purposes." The author traces universities' past involvement noting alternatives in energy and agriculture…

  19. Corporate Stakeholding and Globalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauesen, Linne Marie

    2016-01-01

    Most corporations consider their stakeholders to be those, who can be defined in a relatively narrow periphery. Customers, workers, investors, authorities, neighbours, suppliers and various interest groups, for instance NGOs. However, during the last decades, phenomena such as the financial crisis...

  20. Corporate governance through codes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haxhi, I.; Aguilera, R.V.; Vodosek, M.; den Hartog, D.; McNett, J.M.

    2014-01-01

    The UK's 1992 Cadbury Report defines corporate governance (CG) as the system by which businesses are directed and controlled. CG codes are a set of best practices designed to address deficiencies in the formal contracts and institutions by suggesting prescriptions on the preferred role and compositi

  1. Trends in corporate greening

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Henning; Ulhøi, John Parm

    The concept of corporate environmental management has existed for the last two to three decades. Many companies have fully or partly adopted the concept in their efforts to eliminate or reduce the impacts on the natural environment caused by their business activities. The question is, however, if...

  2. Essential Corporate Bankruptcy Law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Couwenberg, Oscar; Lubben, Stephen J.

    2015-01-01

    This article begins from a simple observation: Chapter 11 of the United States Bankruptcy Code is the global standard for corporate restructuring, but at the same time it is a far more complex procedure than most jurisdictions seem to require. This observation begs the question what parts of a

  3. Corporate Climate Change

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The American Chamber of Commerce, the People's Republic of China (AmCham-China) and the American Chamber of Commerce in Shanghai recently released "American Corporate Experience in a Changing China: Insights From AmCham Business Climate Surveys, 1999-2005." Excerpts of the report follow:

  4. Contractual Corporate Governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Goergen, M.; Renneboog, L.D.R.

    2008-01-01

    Companies have the choice to deviate from their national corporate governance standards by opting into another system. They can do so via contractual devices – such as cross-border mergers and acquisitions, (re)incorporations, and cross-listings – which enable firms to choose their preferred level

  5. Corporate strategies: organizational structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, R C; Oestreicher, V

    1988-06-01

    In previous installments of this series, the authors outlined factors that influence corporation information system strategies. The factor that appears to be most significant is centralization vs. decentralization. This article presents examples of organizational structures, roles and responsibilities for either approach.

  6. Corporate governance through codes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haxhi, I.; Aguilera, R.V.; Vodosek, M.; den Hartog, D.; McNett, J.M.

    2014-01-01

    The UK's 1992 Cadbury Report defines corporate governance (CG) as the system by which businesses are directed and controlled. CG codes are a set of best practices designed to address deficiencies in the formal contracts and institutions by suggesting prescriptions on the preferred role and

  7. Corporate social responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    Arsić, Zoran

    2011-01-01

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a concept whereby companies integrate social and environmental concerns in their business operations and in their interaction with their stakeholders on a voluntary basis. Definition emphasizes three basic characteristics of CSR. CSR is voluntary concept, it covers environmental issues and interaction with stakeholders, not only shareholders, is taken into account.

  8. Corporate information management guidance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    At the request of the Department of Energy`s (DOE) Information Management (IM) Council, IM representatives from nearly all Headquarters (HQ) organizations have been meeting over the past year as the Corporate Guidance Group (CGG) to develop useful and sound corporate information management (IM) guidance. The ability of the Department`s IM community to develop such unified guidance continues to be critical to the success of future Departmental IM planning processes and the establishment of a well-coordinated IM environment between Headquarters and field organizations. This report, with 26 specific corporate IM guidance items documented and unanimously agreed to, as well as 12 items recommended for further development and 3 items deferred for future consideration, represents a highly successful effort by the IM community. The effort has proven that the diverse DOE organizations can put aside individual preferences and work together towards a common and mutually beneficial goal. In examining most areas and issues associated with information management in the Department, they have developed specific, far-reaching, and useful guidance. The IM representatives recommend that the documented guidance items provided in this report and approved by the DOE IM Council be followed by all IM organizations. The representatives also strongly recommend that the guidance process developed by the CGG be the single process for developing corporate IM guidance.

  9. Board Structure and Corporate Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Baha Karan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to analyze the impact of board structure attributes on their accounting and stock market performance. Our analyses are built on an emerging market, Turkey for the period between 1995 and 2006. We conduct our analyses through binary logistic methodology. Our findings show that, while board ownership does not have any impact on the accounting performance, it has a fairly positive influence on the stock market performance of firms during the crisis period. Similarly, the situation when the ceo of a firm is also the chairman of the board is not found to have any impact on the corporate performance of firms, although its negative impact is present during the crisis period. Moreover, board independence is found to not to have an effect on accounting performance, yet the stock market perceives board independence positively, both in general and in the crisis periods. Finally, board size has a positive impact , both on the accounting and on the stock market performance of firms, yet the impact on the corporate performance reverts to adverse during the crisis period.

  10. Segmented motor drive - with multi-phase induction motor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendixen, Flemming Buus

    This PhD project commences in modulation of motor drives, i.e. having the advantage of reducing the number of variants and improves the system reliability at error situations. Four different motor drive topologies with modular construction as common denominator are compared on a general level....... The multi-phase motor is selected for further analysis. The project is limited to examine if increasing the number of phases can improve the characteristics for induction motor drives. In the literature it is demonstrated that torque production in a six-phase motor can be increased, if a 3rd harmonic...... current with 1/6 amplitude is added to the 1st harmonic current. This claim is verified and the optimization of the motor design is extended to, beyond the stator tooth width, also to include the inner diameter of the stator. This means that the lamination sheet is optimized according to two geometrical...

  11. Knowledge and motor performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerr, R; Boucher, J L

    1992-06-01

    Traditionally, motor skill acquisition has implied that the performance of a given individual on a particular skill is dependent on the amount of prior practice of that skill. However, concepts such as schema theory, or kinetic formulae, or the strategic allocation of resources imply that, even when practising specific skills, performers gain knowledge about their own motor performance which can be used or applied to related or novel situations. An attempt was made to relate the performance of a complex psychomotor task to differing levels of motor skill expertise or knowledge (athlete and nonathlete). 20 subjects performed (1600 responses) on a novel pursuit or tracking task. Analysis indicated that the athletes performed significantly better. Their main advantage appeared to be more in their ability to control and produce fast, accurate movements than in their decision-making. Accepting Henry and Rogers' 1960 proposition that there is no such thing as a general motor ability or coordination factor does not imply that the only alternative is for all motor skills to be specific. It is argued that the differences in the present study arose from the athletes' greater knowledge (schema, kinetic formulae) related to their understanding of their own motor capabilities.

  12. The Analysis of Limited Russian and North European Corporate Governance Standards after Global Crisis, Corporate Scandals and Market Manipulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper mainly analyzes principles and standards of some international and North European corporate governance frameworks which are issued during or after the global crisis.First, it looks at the United Nation Good corporate governance practices and analyzes its strengths and impacts on corporate governance model of a company.Second, it compared the UN standards to generally accepted governance standards of Sovereign Wealth Funds. The paper finds out that during the global crisis time 207-2008, despite taking care of risk management, there still lacks of certain governance standards in these 2 Codes. The, it analyzes some relative good corporate governance standards in Russia and a few North European countries including: Norway and Finland.Third, this paper provides with a short summary of evaluation of these above 2 corporate governance principles in 2 groups which can enable corporations to compare to their current codes.Last but not least, it aims to realize a limited general set of standards of corporate governance and give proper recommendations to relevant governments and organizations. Additionally, it includes a section for recommending corporate governance for developing countries including Viet Nam.

  13. Behavioral corporate governance : four empirical studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Laan, G.

    2009-01-01

    This thesis consists of studies of corporate governance from a behavioral perspective. The chapters are about trust between chief executive officers (CEOs) and board chairpersons, asymmetric effects of corporate social responsibility on corporate financial performance, compliance with corporate

  14. Corporal Punishment and the Schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, Gordon B.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    In order to understand and evaluate the continued prevalence of corporal punishment in school systems, this article reviews the following topics: (1) historical issues; (2) current demographics and correlates; (3) the effectiveness of corporal punishment in school settings; (4) myths; (5) alternatives to corporal punishment; and (6) social policy.…

  15. De Ratio van Corporate Governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. de Jong (Abe)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractAbe de Jong (1970) is Professor in Corporate Finance and Corporate Governance at RSM Erasmus University. He obtained a PhD in finance at Tilburg University (1999). His research and teaching interests are in the area of empirical corporate finance and include capital structure choice,

  16. Corporate governance and public corruption

    OpenAIRE

    Cusolito, Ana

    2010-01-01

    Corporate governance in the private sector and corruption are important for economic development and private sector development. This paper investigates how corporate governance in private-sector media companies can affect public corruption. The analytical framework, based on models of corporate governance, identifies two channels through which media ownership concentration affects corrupt...

  17. Corporate Governance Country Assessment : Moldova

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2004-01-01

    This report provides an assessment of Moldova's corporate governance framework-its legal and policy framework, as well as enforcement and compliance practices. The report makes policy recommendations where appropriate, and provides investors with a benchmark to compare corporate governance with the 1999 OECD Principles of Corporate Governance. Moldova is beginning to upgrade its legal and ...

  18. Aprendizaje y desarrollo motor

    OpenAIRE

    Guillén Guillén, Eva I.

    2006-01-01

    El desarrollo evolutivo general del niño/a en relación con los procesos de maduración motora, procesos de aprendizaje y desarrollo motor. Técnicas de aprendizaje. Técnica de solución de conflictos. Balances musculares.

  19. Motor homopolar

    OpenAIRE

    Agustín Martín Muñoz

    2007-01-01

    Mostramos la construcción de un modelo de motor homopolar, uno de los más antiguos tipos de motores eléctricos. Se caracterizan porque el campo magnético del imán mantiene siempre la misma polaridad (de ahí su nombre, del griego homos, igual), de modo que, cuando una corriente eléctrica atraviesa el campo magnético, aparece una fuerza que hace girar los elementos no fijados mecánicamente. En el sencillísimo motor homopolar colgado (Schlichting y Ucke 2004), el imán puede girar ...

  20. Earnings management, corporate governance and expense sticki

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuang Xue

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Cost and expense stickiness is an important issue in accounting and economics research, and the literature has shown that cost stickiness cannot be separated from managers’ motivations. In this paper, we examine the effects that earnings management has on expense stickiness. Defining small positive profits or small earnings increases as earnings management, we observe significant expense stickiness in the non-earnings-management sub-sample, compared with the earnings-management sub-sample. When we divide expenses into R&D, advertising and other general expenses, we find that managers control expenses mainly by decreasing general expenses. We further examine corporate governance’s effect on expense stickiness. Using factor analysis, we extract eight main factors and find that good corporate governance reduces expense stickiness. Finally, we investigate the interaction effects of earnings management and corporate governance on expense stickiness. The empirical results show that good corporate governance can further reduce cost stickiness, although its effect is not as strong as that of earnings management.

  1. Earnings management, corporate governance and expense stickiness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shuang Xue; Yun Hong

    2016-01-01

    Cost and expense stickiness is an important issue in accounting and economics research, and the literature has shown that cost stickiness cannot be separated from managers’ motivations. In this paper, we examine the effects that earnings management has on expense stickiness. Defining small positive profits or small earnings increases as earnings management, we observe significant expense stickiness in the non-earnings-management sub-sample, compared with the earnings-management sub-sample. When we divide expenses into R&D,advertising and other general expenses, we find that managers control expenses mainly by decreasing general expenses. We further examine corporate governance’s effect on expense stickiness. Using factor analysis, we extract eight main factors and find that good corporate governance reduces expense stickiness. Finally, we investigate the interaction effects of earnings management and corporate governance on expense stickiness. The empirical results show that good corporate governance can further reduce cost stickiness,although its effect is not as strong as that of earnings management.

  2. Comportamento motor oral e global de recém-nascidos de mães usuárias de crack e/ou cocaína Oral and general motor behavior of newborns from crack and/or cocaine using mothers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisa Gasparin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar o comportamento motor oral e global de recém-nascidos de mães que fizeram uso de crack e/ou cocaína durante a gestação e verificar se há relação entre o desenvolvimento dos sistemas sensório motor oral (SSMO e motor global. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, em que foram avaliados 25 recém-nascidos prematuros e a termo de mães usuárias de crack e/ou cocaína, pareados com outro grupo de 25 recém-nascidos sem o fator em estudo. As avaliações do SSMO e motor global foram realizadas por meio do Instrumento de Avaliação da Prontidão do Prematuro para Início da Alimentação Oral e do Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP, respectivamente. Os resultados compararam os escores encontrados nas duas escalas e a relação destes com o uso materno do crack e/ou cocaína durante a gestação. RESULTADOS: No TIMP não foi constatada diferença na comparação entre os escores de recém-nascidos de mães usuárias de crack e/ou cocaína e os de mães não usuárias. No Instrumento de Avaliação da Prontidão do Prematuro para Início da Alimentação Oral, os resultados apresentaram diferença. Foi observada associação entre os resultados de bebês que apresentaram atraso no TIMP com menor escore no Instrumento de Avaliação da Prontidão do Prematuro para Início da Alimentação Oral. CONCLUSÃO: O baixo desempenho observado no Instrumento de Avaliação da Prontidão do Prematuro para Início da Alimentação Oral sugere que as respostas motoras orais estão alteradas pelo uso materno das drogas. A correlação entre os dois instrumentos mostra que o desenvolvimento do SSMO pode estar relacionado ao desenvolvimento motor global.PURPOSE: analyzing the oral and general motor behavior of newborns from women who used crack and/or cocaine during pregnancy, and verifying if there is a relation between the development of the oral and general sensory motor system. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 25 premature and full

  3. DESCRIPTIVE ANALYSIS OF CORPORATE CULTURE FOLLOWING THE CHANGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elenko Zahariev

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Corporate culture more sensibly makes additions to the economic knowledge, accompanies the strategy and tactics in management. It feels in manners and overall activity of the organization - it is empathy and tolerance, respect and responsibility. The new corporate culture transforms each participant, changes his/her mind in the general collaborations and working habits. The new corporate culture requires improving the management style. It is no longer necessary the leader only to rule, to administer and control, but to lead and inspire. The leader sets challenging targets, optimizes the performance of the teams, fuels an optimistic mood and faith, gains agreement between workers, monitors and evaluate the work in a fair way. Current study raises the problem of interpreting cultural profiles in modern organizations and analyzes corporate culture after the changes during the transition period in Bulgaria. The descriptive analysis of corporate culture allows the relatively precise identification of its various types based on the accepted classification signs.

  4. THEORY METODOLOGICAL BASIS OF LOCAL SYSTEMS OF CORPORATIVE ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.A. Pytkin

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The urgency of corporate governance systems research is caused by apparently not complete realization of these systems in the modern practice as only in an insignificant degree considers peculiarities of each single company and relies, first of all, on the experience of base systems of corporate governance in general. Such approach results in a bunch of negative effects, including formal realization of requirements of "corporate governance codes" and other similar documents. In this connection we offer the approach to designing effective local systems of corporate governance (LSCG which would consider not only the existing recommendations on corporate governance, but also the greatest possible set of external and internal factors for every separate company. This article is devoted to theoretical bases of LSCG.

  5. Ultrasonic Motors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-06-01

    and T. Higuchi, "Cylindrical Micro Ultrasonic Motor Utilizing Bulk Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT)," Japanese Journal of Applied Physics Part 1-Regular Papers Short Notes & Review Papers, vol. 38, pp. 3347-3350, 1999.

  6. Corporate Social Responsibility in Afghanistan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Azizi, Sameer

    This doctoral dissertation examines the business-development relations in Afghanistan by focusing on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and other related practices from corporations in the Afghan mobile telecommunications industry. More concretely, the study aims to explore the characteristics...... provides a relevant empirical focus that can enrich the theoretical debates about CSR in developing countries. The study thereby stresses on the importance of context, and integrates both the societal and corporate dimensions to study CSR by corporations in the Afghan mobile telecommunications industry...... in Afghanistan, and a study of secondary data from the corporations, Afghan state institutions, civil society and other relevant actors....

  7. Corporate interests, philanthropies, and the peace movement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, T; Rodriguez, F; Waitzkin, H

    1986-01-01

    Corporate and philanthropic involvement in the peace movement is growing. In considering medical peace groups as examples, we have studied the ways that corporate and philanthropic funding have shaped the course of activism. Our methods have included: review of the Foundations Grant Index from 1974-1983; analysis of corporations' and foundations' criteria for grants in the categories of peace, arms control, and disarmament; interviews with leaders of activist organizations and with foundation officials; and our own experiences in the peace movement. Corporate interests in preventing nuclear war stem from a concern for global stability in which world markets may expand, and from a hope to frame issues posed by the peace movement in a way that will not challenge basic structures of power and finance. Several general features make peace groups respectable and attractive to philanthropies; an uncritical stance toward corporate participation in the arms race; a viewpoint that the main danger of nuclear war stems from a profound, bilateral conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union; and a single-issue focus that does not deal with the many related problems reflecting the injustices of capitalism. The two major medical groups working for peace, Physicians for Social Responsibility (PSR) and International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War (IPPNW), have accomplished many goals; however, their adherence to subtle criteria of respectability and their dependence on philanthropic funding have limited the scope of their activism. The struggle for peace can not succeed without fundamental changes in the corporate system that initiates, maintains, and promotes the arms race.

  8. Models of innovative corporate training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulhøi, John Parm; Madsen, Henning

    2000-01-01

    and change is particularly evident in various sectors of economic activity where there is a need for improving environmental considerations in the future while at the same time remaining competitive. Some, notably large, enterprises in the manufacturing industry realised their environmental responsibility...... new practises that will put less pressure on the environment while at the same time earning money will require innovative approaches, which in turn will translate into new and/or further developed competencies and skills to ensure a successful implementation of such activities. The role of education......Education and training is generally recognised as one the most critical elements during major changes and/or transitions in corporations. Addressing the question of how to respond to the challenges of implementing environmentally more sustainable practises in industry is no exception. Implementing...

  9. Corporate Social Responsibility in Aviation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Edwin D.

    2006-01-01

    The dialog within aviation management education regarding ethics is incomplete without a discussion of corporate social responsibility (CSR). CSR research requires discussion involving: (a) the current emphasis on CSR in business in general and aviation specifically; (b) business and educational theory that provide a basis for aviation companies to engage in socially responsible actions; (c) techniques used by aviation and aerospace companies to fulfill this responsibility; and (d) a glimpse of teaching approaches used in university aviation management classes. The summary of this research suggests educators explain CSR theory and practice to students in industry and collegiate aviation management programs. Doing so extends the discussion of ethical behavior and matches the current high level of interest and activity within the aviation industry toward CSR.

  10. Money or Ethics : Multinational corporations and religious organisations operating in an era of corporate responsibility

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.C. van Cranenburgh (Katinka)

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractIt is a general assumption that Religious Organisations (ROs) are driven by religious beliefs and values, whilst multinational corporations (MNCs) are considered to be concerned about their profits, their share price and their reputation. When ROs invest in capital markets, they part

  11. Corporate Social Responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liempd, Dennis van; Warming-Rasmussen, Bent; Abild-Nielsen, Jens

    2007-01-01

    Målet med denne artikel er at klargøre, at der findes forskellige teoretiske tilgange til ansvarlig leverandørstyring og Corporate Social Responsibility (i det følgende kaldt CSR). Endvidere er det målet at belyse, at området er i kraftig udvikling og forventes at få øget betydning for revisor i...... ansvarlig leverandørstyring og CSR. I artiklen konkluderes følgende: - at udviklingen i Corporate Social Responsibility indikerer, at etik er den mest betydende faktor (driver); (jf. afsnit 1)- at etik som primær driver vil betyde, at virksomheden vil gå ud over lovens minimumkrav, og stræbe efter de...

  12. Corporate Social Responsibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liempd, Dennis van; Warming-Rasmussen, Bent; Abild-Nielsen, Jens

    2007-01-01

    Målet med denne artikel er at klargøre, at der findes forskellige teoretiske tilgange til ansvarlig leverandørstyring og Corporate Social Responsibility (i det følgende kaldt CSR). Endvidere er det målet at belyse, at området er i kraftig udvikling og forventes at få øget betydning for revisor i...... ansvarlig leverandørstyring og CSR. I artiklen konkluderes følgende: - at udviklingen i Corporate Social Responsibility indikerer, at etik er den mest betydende faktor (driver); (jf. afsnit 1)- at etik som primær driver vil betyde, at virksomheden vil gå ud over lovens minimumkrav, og stræbe efter de...

  13. A new corporate governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Bucur

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The issue of corporate governance has become increasingly important as globalisation has begun to accelerate and the economic and financial turmoil have intensified. Post-crisis context has imposed the need to expand the prospects for analysis over governance and companies, as well as the need to identify new ways of administration and resource management. From this perspective, the author aims to highlight the conditions, factors and events that have generated profound changes within the business environment, while the analysis is focusing on contemporary changes in the systems of corporate governance and economic mutations, especially in terms of the companies. The establishment of new governance rules is demanding a theoretical approach based on new methodological requirements which are needed to reform theoretical foundations and to promote creative and effective shapes and governance systems.

  14. Corporate creativity and innovation

    OpenAIRE

    Ericsson, Camilla; Dahlby, Tove

    2009-01-01

    This essay discusses organizational culture and focus on corporate creativity and innovation. The aim is to see which organizational factors that foster creativity and innovation in organizations. The essay will provide answer on how organizational culture can encourage creativity and innovation and how organizations can promote the rise of a creative work environment. The research design of this essay is a qualitative case study with interviews at Gotland Energi AB (GEAB). The interviews pro...

  15. Corporate Governance Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Gnecchi, Flavio

    2006-01-01

    The recognised critical importance of corporate governance, and the attention that it is paid today, can be ascribed to several factors: sensational financial scandals (and the repercussions they have had for securities and financial markets), the exponential development of stock option policies, the information asymmetry that can be noted in practically every company, The different requests for information of the various categories of stakeholders, combine to strengthen the decision to adopt...

  16. Corporate Social Responsibility

    OpenAIRE

    Priesterová, Lucia

    2008-01-01

    The main goal of this Diploma thesis is to find out, on the basis of research, how the companies from Czech and Slovak Republic perceive and apply in praxis the concept of corporate social responsibility. The work consists of theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part is included in the first three chapters. The first chapter defines the term CSR and illustrates the historical development of social responsibility. The second chapter presents various theories and approaches in the ar...

  17. Corporate Foresight at Cisco

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohrbeck, René; Bøe-Lillegraven, Siri

    Cisco Systems traditional innovation model is challenged. It is no longer possible to simply scout for promising start-ups, integrate them and grow them globally to succeed. This case describes the challenge faced by Cisco to create a comprehensive and systematic strategic foresight system...... that shall be tied into technology strategy and corporate business development. The case elaborates on the process and the best practices in the introduction of the Cisco Technology Radar approach....

  18. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE OF BANKS – PRESENT AND PERSPECTIVES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CLARA-IULIA ZINCA (VOICULESCU

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The present financial crisis revealed serious deficiencies in the banking corporate governance and emphasized the need of major improvements in their corporate governance techniques. In this respect, we believe that it is crucial for the banks to stop focusing on what they considered important before the crisis, namely on shareholders interested in obtaining big profits, and to concentrate on improving the relationships with the stakeholders and on regaining of the trust in the reliability of the banking system.By using adequate research methods, namely non-interactive observation, document analysis, comparison, interpretative methods and the empirical method of the survey, this article is intended to: present the concept of corporate governance in general and characteristics of this concept in the banking system; to present the new corporate governance regulatory frame in general and from the viewpoint of the supervisors of the financial stability; to discuss the characteristics of the corporate governance of banks in Romania, highlighting the structures of the corporate governance in the banking activity, remuneration policies, stakeholders’ position, transparency and ethics; and finally to present a series of conclusion regarding the lessons that the present financial crisis can teach us in order to consolidate the corporate governance of banks.

  19. LEGAL NATURE OF CORPORATE AGREEMENT IN THE RUSSIAN LAW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudenko E. Y.

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Legal consolidation of the corporate agreement institution in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation allowed the participants of business companies to implement and manage corporate rights in accordance with this agreement. However, reception of the institution and the lack of uniform court practice gave rise to many doctrinal disputes about the legal nature of the contract. The article presents the opinions of scientists on the issue of what rules of areas of law regulate the corporate agreement, whether it is separate or complex legal institution. The authors consider that the corporate agreement is governed exclusively by the rules of civil law. The corporate agreement is not a contract or an obligation in the traditional sense, however, it should be subjected to the general rules of obligations and contract law The corporate agreement has features of the unnamed contract, but despite this, it should be recognized as an independent civil law named contract. It is needed to ensure that, in addition to the general rules of the Obligations and Contracts, the rules of a treaty on the rights of participants of the limited liability and stockholders' agreement are applied to the corporate agreement

  20. Why do Cooperatives Emerge in a World Dominated by Corporations?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boone, Christophe; Özcan, Serden

    2014-01-01

    anti-corporate climate, and 3) there is a well-established organizational infrastructure supporting a cooperative ideology. Consistent with sociological theories that emphasize the mobilizing force of ideology, these local conditions spur collective action among farmers to establish cooperatives...... in response to the local diffusion of corporations. We show further that the diffusion of plants owned by big business (oil and agribusiness) in communities characterized by a general anti-corporate climate, especially promotes greater ideological contestation, and mobilization of resources to form...

  1. Basic concepts of philosophy of management and corporations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rendtorff, Jacob Dahl

    2013-01-01

    This chapter presents some fundamental concepts of the philosophy of management and corporations by addressing the problem of corporate legitimacy and Immanuel Kant’s distinction between theoretical, practical, and aesthetic reason and judgment. This chapter begins with a general definition...... of philosophy of management and corporations and continues by presenting its ontological and epistemological underpinnings. This approach is used to address the relation between economics, business ethics, and philosophy of management. Finally, ethical and aesthetic judgment is presented as the mediator between...... theoretical, aesthetic, and practical reason in philosophy of management....

  2. Motor Planning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Aaron L; Haith, Adrian M; Krakauer, John W

    2015-08-01

    Motor planning colloquially refers to any process related to the preparation of a movement that occurs during the reaction time prior to movement onset. However, this broad definition encompasses processes that are not strictly motor-related, such as decision-making about the identity of task-relevant stimuli in the environment. Furthermore, the assumption that all motor-planning processes require processing time, and can therefore be studied behaviorally by measuring changes in the reaction time, needs to be reexamined. In this review, we take a critical look at the processes leading from perception to action and suggest a definition of motor planning that encompasses only those processes necessary for a movement to be executed-that is, processes that are strictly movement related. These processes resolve the ambiguity inherent in an abstract goal by defining a specific movement to achieve it. We propose that the majority of processes that meet this definition can be completed nearly instantaneously, which means that motor planning itself in fact consumes only a small fraction of the reaction time. © The Author(s) 2014.

  3. Highlights of GAO’s Corporate Governance, Transparency and Accountability Forum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002-03-01

    United States General Accounting Office GAO By the Comptroller General of the United States March 2002 HIGHLIGHTS OF GAO’S CORPORATE GOVERNANCE , TRANSPARENCY...to) - Title and Subtitle HIGHLIGHTS OF GAO S CORPORATE GOVERNANCE , TRANSPARENCY AND ACCOUNTABILITY FORUMs Contract Number Grant Number Program...Subject: Highlights of GAO’s Corporate Governance , Transparency, and Accountability Forum The recent sudden and largely unexpected bankruptcy of one

  4. METHODICAL APPROACH TO CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY PLANNING

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimir Modrak; Ioan Constantin Dima; Mariana Man

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this article is to present some methodical aspects of CSF. Corporate Sustainability Planning (CSP) can be defined as “the process of specific strategies and action plan development to help ensure the long-term goals”. In generally, this presents a complex process and task which includes considering the full range of resources and competencies such as financial, political, administrative and managerial.

  5. METHODICAL APPROACH TO CORPORATE SUSTAINABILITY PLANNING

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimir Modrak; Ioan Constantin Dima; Mariana Man

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this article is to present some methodical aspects of CSF. Corporate Sustainability Planning (CSP) can be defined as “the process of specific strategies and action plan development to help ensure the long-term goals”. In generally, this presents a complex process and task which includes considering the full range of resources and competencies such as financial, political, administrative and managerial.

  6. Essays on banking, corporate bankruptcy, and corporate finance

    OpenAIRE

    von Schedvin, E.L.

    2012-01-01

    This thesis consists of four chapters that empirical explore issues related to bank credit supply, corporate bankruptcy risk, and firms’ leverage decisions. The first chapter explores the role of contractual externalities in loan contracts. The second chapter evaluates the extent trade credit chains between corporate firms lead to propagation of corporate failures. The third chapter explores non-linear relationships between firm failure and leverage, earnings, and liquidity. The final chapter...

  7. Are Corporate Carbon Management Practices Reducing Corporate Carbon Emissions?

    OpenAIRE

    Doda, B; Gennaoli, C; Gouldson, A; Grover, D.; Sullivan, R.

    2016-01-01

    This paper is the first large scale, quantitative study of the impact of corporate carbon management practices on corporate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Using data for 2009 and 2010 from the Carbon Disclosure Project survey, we find little compelling evidence that commonly adopted management practices are reducing emissions. This finding is unexpected and we propose three possible explanations for it. First, it may be because corporate carbon data and management practice information have n...

  8. Corporate Reputation and Corporate Social Responsibility : CSR for Higher Reputation

    OpenAIRE

    北見, 幸一

    2008-01-01

    There is an increased recognition of importance of corporate reputation and corporate social responsibility. The purpose of this paper is to consider the relationship between corporate reputation and CSR. In this study, the high reputation companies and the low reputation companies were picked up. According to this research, the high reputation companies sent more information about CSR to stake holders, and CSR communication was more positively done than the low reputation companies.

  9. Managing corporate governance risks in a nonprofit health care organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troyer, Glenn T; Brashear, Andrea D; Green, Kelly J

    2005-01-01

    Triggered by corporate scandals, there is increased oversight by governmental bodies and in part by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. Corporations are developing corporate governance compliance initiatives to respond to the scrutiny of regulators, legislators, the general public and constituency groups such as investors. Due to state attorney general initiatives, new legislation and heightened oversight from the Internal Revenue Service, nonprofit entities are starting to share the media spotlight with their for-profit counterparts. These developments are changing nonprofit health care organizations as well as the traditional role of the risk manager. No longer is the risk manager focused solely on patients' welfare and safe passage through a complex delivery system. The risk manager must be aware of corporate practices within the organization that could allow the personal objectives of a few individuals to override the greater good of the community in which the nonprofit organization serves.

  10. Transformation processes of the corporate development in Russia: corporate social responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhanna Sergeyevna Belyayeva

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Financial and economic crises made the level of readiness to changes in the different types of organizations throughout the world and Russia visible. Variation of social and economic programmes implemented by governmental and corporate sectors is widely seen; not all of them work positively for the population, especially in the countries with emerging markets. At the same time, twenty years of the market economy in Russia, for instance, have definitely built a new social and economic system, but whether it has changed fundamentally in the management techniques? This research generalizes some trends of the corporate development in Russia in the context of social responsibility and socio-economic transformation. The author attempts to define Russia's place on the world map of corporate social responsibility. The opportunities for Russia to learn from foreign experience are also examined.

  11. Earnings Management, Corporate Tax Shelters, and Book–Tax Alignment

    OpenAIRE

    Desai, Mihir A.; Dharmapala, Dhammika

    2009-01-01

    This paper reviews recent evidence analyzing the link between earnings management and corporate tax avoidance and considers the implications for how policymakers should evaluate the financial reporting environment facing firms. A real–world tax shelter is dissected to illustrate how tax shelter products enable managers to manipulate reported earnings. A stylized example is developed that generalizes this view of corporate tax avoidance and empirical evidence consistent with this view is discu...

  12. Forms of Corporate Social Responsibility Practices of Companies in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Neoh, Sher Lyn

    2015-01-01

    This management project seeks to explore the corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices of companies in Malaysia. To do this, the first part of the study looks into the general views of CSR along with its drivers and enablers before going into the collaboration patterns and drivers of companies and non-governmental organisation. In addition, some findings of multi-national corporations and CSR in Malaysia is also brought forward in this study. The companies selected for this study will t...

  13. Corporate social responsibility: a personal reflection on Clover Mama Afrika

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Vlok

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Although corporate social responsibility (CSR or corporate social investment (CSI, the term preferred by most South African busines-ses, has been studied from the 1950s, up to date no universally ac-cepted definition has been formulated. However, the basic concepts put forward in the definition of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD (2000 are generally accepted as forming the core of CSR.

  14. Water Stewardship and Corporate Sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Jones, Peter; Comfort, Daphne; David HILLIER

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to provide an exploratory review of the extent to which some of the world’s leading companies are publicly addressing water stewardship as part of their corporate sustainability strategies. The paper begins with an outline of the growing importance of corporate sustainability and water stewardship. The paper draws its empirical material from the most recent information on sustainability posted on the top twelve ‘Consumer Superbrands’ corporate websites. The findings r...

  15. Measuring instruments of corporate reputation

    OpenAIRE

    Damir Grgić

    2008-01-01

    The subject of this paper is focused on the instruments for the measurement of corporate reputation. Recent research of the elements which influence the success of a company shows a growing interest in intangible values. Corporate reputation itself has been identified as one of the key intangible assets which create the company’s added value. Understanding of the importance of corporate reputation has been determined as a significant component of the company’s competitiveness, that is, of its...

  16. The Institutions of Corporate Governance

    OpenAIRE

    Roe, Mark J.

    2004-01-01

    In this review piece, I outline the institutions of corporate governance decision-making in the large public firm in the wealthy West. By corporate governance, I mean the relationships at the top of the firm - the board of directors, the senior managers, and the stockholders. By institutions I mean those repeated mechanisms that allocate authority among the three and that affect, modulate, and control the decisions made at the top of the firm. Core corporate governance institutions respon...

  17. THE SOUND OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DUMITRASCU LUMINITA MIHAELA

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper explores the corporate governance and corporate social responsibility in music industry, by reviewing the literature and investigating the aspects in the context of a sample made by top companies in this domain. The paper spotlighting the mutual connections between corporate governance and corporate social responsibility. The research methodology used consists in investigate the corporate governance codes. It’s about a qualitative interpretive research methodology that was adopted. The findings suggest the intercorelation of corporate governance with corporate social responsibility. The main contribution of the author consists in the fact that the added value of this paper and the original contribution leads in the intercorelation of these two aspects of corporate governance and corporate social responsibility, the findings beeing interesting, implying that recent preoccupation with corporate governance in music industry is starting to be equable by some attention to social responsibility aspects, with growing appreciation of their interdependencies. Previous literature has researched corporate governance and corporate social responsibility independently. Due to this fact, this paper is considering them jointly. The paper is important for both practical and theoretical aspects: for managers and also can serve as the basis for future research on this topic. The current paper is realized in the doctoral program entitled “PhD in Economics at the Standards of European Knowledge- DoEsEc”, scientific coordinator Prof. PhD Niculae Feleaga, Institution: The Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, Faculty of Accounting and Management Informatic System, Department of International Accounting, period of research 2009-2012.

  18. Strategic Leadership of Corporate Sustainability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strand, Robert

    2014-01-01

    ? What effects do corporate sustainability TMT positions have at their organizations? We consider these questions through strategic leadership and neoinstitutional theoretical frameworks. Through the latter, we also engage with Weberian considerations of bureaucracy. We find that the reasons why......Strategic leadership and corporate sustainability have recently come together in conspicuously explicit fashion through the emergence of top management team (TMT) positions with dedicated corporate sustainability responsibilities. These TMT positions, commonly referred to as 'Chief Sustainability...

  19. Trends in Corporate Communication Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Constantin Milosteanu; Ionel Scaunasu; Alina Cornescu; Nicolae Popovic

    2011-01-01

    When business strategy is correlated with corporate communication strategy, this is reflected in the position and image of the organization on the market, leading to higher sales and increased profitability. The major changes caused by globalization, coupled with the new dynamic of the markets where consumers have access to more information in less time, require new forms of corporate communication. The new corporate communication concept involves major challenges for managers and can help de...

  20. Trends in Corporate Communication Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Constantin Milosteanu; Ionel Scaunasu; Alina Cornescu; Nicolae Popovic

    2011-01-01

    When business strategy is correlated with corporate communication strategy, this is reflected in the position and image of the organization on the market, leading to higher sales and increased profitability. The major changes caused by globalization, coupled with the new dynamic of the markets where consumers have access to more information in less time, require new forms of corporate communication. The new corporate communication concept involves major challenges for managers and can help de...

  1. State ownership and corporate governance

    OpenAIRE

    Pargendler, Mariana

    2012-01-01

    State ownership of publicly-traded corporations remains pervasive around the world, and has been increasing in recent years. Existing literature focuses on the implications of government ownership for corporate governance and performance at the firm level. This Article, by contrast, explores the different but equally important question of whether the presence of the state as a shareholder can impose negative externalities on the corporate law regime available to the private sec...

  2. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TERHADAP KINERJA PERUSAHAAN

    OpenAIRE

    Herman Darwis

    2017-01-01

    The research aimed to provide empirical evidence that corporate governance implementation,managerial ownership, institutional ownership, board of executive, and independent executiveaffected corporate performance. Population of the research was companies listed at IndonesianStock Exchange (ISX) between 2006 – 2008; sampling method used was purposive sampling as well asmultiple regression analysis. The result showed the implementation of GCG affected corporate performance.This meant that if th...

  3. Corporate Governance Disclosure in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    ONG, Wei Jiin

    2006-01-01

    This research provides evidence on corporate governance disclosure in Malaysia based on a sample of 25 Malaysian public listed companies on the Kuala Lumpur Composite Index (KLCI) in the year 1998 and 2005 that are listed on the Bursa Malaysia. The purpose of this dissertation is to examine whether after the launch of the Malaysian Code on Corporate Governance (HLFC, 2000) following the 1997/98 financial crisis, corporate governance in Malaysia has improved in terms of disclosure information ...

  4. The Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Corporate Governance The Case of Romanian listed Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Albu

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers an investigation at a micro-level of entrepreneurship in the business environment. More precisely, we conduct an empirical study of the relationship between corporate entrepreneurship and corporate governance in the case of the Romanian nonfinancial listed companies. We use publicly-available information (financial statements, annual reports and we mobilize a framework derived from the agency and signalling theories to interpret our findings from the statistical analysis based on correlations. Our results suggest that there are differences between industries and between the companies included or not in the new BET-TR index in terms of corporate entrepreneurship and corporate governance practices and disclosures. Agency theory partly explains our findings. Specifically, some corporate governance mechanisms, i.e. board independence and institutional ownership, are associated in our sample with corporate entrepreneurship. We thus document that corporate governance as a controlling and management technique fosters corporate entrepreneurship in Romanian companies. Signalling theory assumptions are generally not verified for the companies in our study. There are only a few associations between high values of corporate entrepreneurship and corporate entrepreneurship disclosures, and even fewer between corporate governance practices and corporate governance disclosures.

  5. Inter-Corporeity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Algis Mickūnas

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The essay explicates the phenomenological problematic of intersubjectivity on the level of bodily interaction with the world and with others. On this level, the concept of visibility is transformed in terms of the primacy of bodily “I can” and the kinaesthetic awareness that pervades all perceptual fields. In addition, the investigations into kinaesthetic awareness lead to the understanding that one’s own bodily action is extended as well as varied by the kinaesthetic activities of others and thus form an inter-corporeal field wherein visibility is located. Such an extended awareness is the bodily counterpart of transcendental domain. 

  6. To Change Corporate Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹雁

    2007-01-01

    1. Analysis of Culture and Managing change 1.1 The Two Varies of Models 1.1.1 Five-step model According to ’five-step model’, the progress of change could be divided into five stages. Firstly, manager needs to think why a culture change is necessary. Possibly due to the signals from the environment in which the company locate in, managers find the operating principles or routines are not in line with the change of the market. These elements have threatened the corporation. On this occasion, managers could start to analyze what kind of culture the organization possesses.

  7. Desenvolvimento motor de crianças pré-termo moderadas aos sete e oito anos de idade Motor development of moderate preterm children at seven and eight years of age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Resende Camargos

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Crianças pré-termo podem apresentar distúrbios leves do desenvolvimento motor, que podem ser imperceptíveis até a idade pré-escolar ou escolar. O objetivo desse estudo foi comparar o desenvolvimento motor de crianças pré-termo moderadas com crianças a termo aos sete e oito anos de idade. Foram coletados dados de 13 crianças pré-termo e 13 crianças a termo de uma escola da rede municipal de Betim. Foi utilizada a Escala de Desenvolvimento Motor para avaliar motricidade fina, motricidade global, equilíbrio, esquema corporal, organização espacial e organização temporal, bem como a idade motora geral e o quociente motor geral. O teste Mann-Whitney foi utilizado para comparar as idades motoras e os quocientes motores entre os grupos. Foi encontrada diferença significativa somente nos valores da motricidade fina entre os grupos (p=0,01, sendo que o grupo pré-termo apresentou desempenho inferior. Dessa forma, crianças pré-termo moderadas que não apresentam características de alto risco biológico ao nascimento também podem necessitar de acompanhamento ambulatorial até a idade escolar.Preterm children may have light motor developmental impairments, which may be imperceptible until pre-school age or even school age. The aim of this study was to compare the motor development of moderate preterm children with full-term ones at seven and eight years of age. Data from 13 preterm and 13 full-term children were collected from a public school in Betim-MG. The Motor Development Scale was used to access fine and global motricity, balance, body scheme, spatial organization, time organization, as well as general motor age and general motor quotient. The Mann-Whitney's Test was used to compare the motor ages and motor quotients between the groups. A significant difference was only found in the fine motricity values between the groups (p=0.01, the preterm group having shown a poorer performance. Therefore, moderate preterm children who do not

  8. Peculiarities of Corporate Governance Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Vladimirovna Prokhorova

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This work is devoted to the study of the quality and identification of priorities of institutional investors in corporate governance in Russia. The authors conclude that the main task of the corporate governance system is to create favorable conditions for broad attraction of foreign investments in Russian companies and to increase the role of shareholders in strategic management. At present, the companies from developed countries achieve higher economic performance through the introduction of modern methods of corporate governance. The adoption of the new Code of Corporate Governance in the Russian Federation in 2014 will create an opportunity to improve the efficiency of Russian companies and to conduct their activities in accordance with international standards through the introduction of modern corporate governance practices, including ensuring transparency of activities for investors. At the same time, despite significant improvements in corporate governance practices of Russian companies, the level of its quality in comparison with foreign countries remains low. The article highlights both positive and negative trends in the Russian practice of corporate governance. One of the effective corporate governance methods is to ensure feedback between Russian companies and institutional investors. The article presents the results of a survey of opinions of investors that allow to identify the main factors of corporate governance that motivate them to take investment decisions on the Russian market.

  9. Corporate Accounting Policy Efficiency Improvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena K. Vorobei

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is focused on the issues of efficient use of different methods of tax accounting for the optimization of income tax expenses and their consolidation in corporate accounting policy. The article makes reasoned conclusions, concerning optimal selection of depreciation methods for tax and bookkeeping accounting and their consolidation in corporate accounting policy and consolidation of optimal methods of cost recovery in production, considering business environment. The impact of the selected methods on corporate income tax rates and corporate property tax rates was traced and tax recovery was estimated.

  10. Peculiarities of Corporate Governance Methodology

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Victoria Vladimirovna Prokhorova

    2016-01-01

    ... of shareholders in strategic management. At present, the companies from developed countries achieve higher economic performance through the introduction of modern methods of corporate governance...

  11. Creditor Governance and Corporate Policies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arnold, Marc; Westermann, Ramona

    This paper analyzes the impact of debt covenant renegotiations on corporate policies. We develop a structural model of a levered firm that can renegotiate debt both at investment and in corporate distress. Covenant renegotiation at investment disciplines equity holders in their financing...... and investment decisions and, hence, mitigates the agency cost of debt. Our model explains the empirical intensity and patterns of the occurrence of debt renegotiation. We also quantify the role of debt covenant renegotiations as a governance channel on corporate financial policies and on the value of corporate...

  12. DEVELOPMENT OF BODY COMPOSITION, HORMONE PROFILE, PHYSICAL FITNESS, GENERAL PERCEPTUAL MOTOR SKILLS, SOCCER SKILLS AND ON-THE-BALL PERFORMANCE IN SOCCER-SPECIFIC LABORATORY TEST AMONG ADOLESCENT SOCCER PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomi Vänttinen

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to examine the development of on-the-ball skills in soccer-specific laboratory test and to examine how traditional measures of body composition, hormone profile, physical fitness, general perceptual motor skills and soccer skills were related to performance measured in open skill environment among 10, 12, and 14-year-old regional male soccer players (n = 12/group. The measured variables were height, weight, fat, muscle mass, testosterone, 10m sprint, agility, counter movement jump, peripheral awareness, Eye- Hand-Foot coordination, passing skill, dribbling skill and on-the-ball skills (performance time and passing accuracy in soccer-specific laboratory test. A significant main effect by age was found in all measured variables except in fat, in peripheral awareness and in passing accuracy. In discriminant analysis 63.9% (λ = 0.603, F = 4.600, p < 0.01 of the players were classified correctly based on physical fitness and general perceptual motor skills into three ability groups originally classified with performance time in soccer-specific laboratory test. Correlation co- efficient analysis with-in age groups revealed that variables associated with performance time in soccer-specific laboratory test were peripheral awareness (r = 0.72, p < 0.01 in 10-year-olds; testosterone (r = -0.70, p < 0.05, dribbling skill (r = 0.73, p < 0.01 and passing skill (r = 0.73, p < 0.01 in 12-year-olds; agility (r = 0.79, p < 0.01, counter movement jump (r = - 0.62, p < 0.01, dribbling skill (r = 0.80, p < 0.01 and passing skill (r = 0.58, p < 0. 05 in 14-year olds. Corresponding relationships with passing accuracy were weight (r = 0.59, p < 0.05, fat (r = 0.66, p < 0.05, 10m sprint (r = 0.71, p < 0.01 and countermovement jump (r = -0.64, p < 0.05 in 10-year-olds; Eye-Hand-Foot coordination (r = 0.63, p < 0.05 in 14-year- olds. The relationship between soccer-specific anticipation time and performance time in soccer- specific

  13. Reactor coolant pump testing using motor current signatures analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burstein, N.; Bellamy, J.

    1996-12-01

    This paper describes reactor coolant pump motor testing carried out at Florida Power Corporation`s Crystal River plant using Framatome Technologies` new EMPATH (Electric Motor Performance Analysis and Trending Hardware) system. EMPATH{trademark} uses an improved form of Motor Current Signature Analysis (MCSA), technology, originally developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratories, for detecting deterioration in the rotors of AC induction motors. Motor Current Signature Analysis (MCSA) is a monitoring tool for motor driven equipment that provides a non-intrusive means for detecting the presence of mechanical and electrical abnormalities in the motor and the driven equipment. The base technology was developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory as a means for determining the affects of aging and service wear specifically on motor-operated valves used in nuclear power plant safety systems, but it is applicable to a broad range of electric machinery. MCSA is based on the recognition that an electric motor (ac or dc) driving a mechanical load acts as an efficient and permanently available transducer by sensing mechanical load variations, large and small, long-term and rapid, and converting them into variations in the induced current generated in the motor windings. The motor current variations, resulting from changes in load caused by gears, pulleys, friction, bearings, and other conditions that may change over the life of the motor, are carried by the electrical cables powering the motor and are extracted at any convenient location along the motor lead. These variations modulate the 60 Hz carrier frequency and appear as sidebands in the spectral plot.

  14. THE MOTOR

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard Nielsen, Anders

    2011-01-01

    MOTOR is the first assignment that students at Unit 1a of the School of Architecture are introduced to. The purpose of the assignment is to shake up the students and their preconceptions of what architec- ture is. This is done by introducing them to a working method that al- lows them to develop...

  15. THE MOTOR

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard Nielsen, Anders

    2011-01-01

    MOTOR is the first assignment that students at Unit 1a of the School of Architecture are introduced to. The purpose of the assignment is to shake up the students and their preconceptions of what architec- ture is. This is done by introducing them to a working method that al- lows them to develop...

  16. 36 CFR 261.13 - Motor vehicle use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Motor vehicle use. 261.13... General Prohibitions § 261.13 Motor vehicle use. After National Forest System roads, National Forest... have been identified on a motor vehicle use map, it is prohibited to possess or operate a motor...

  17. KETERKAITAN WHITE COLLAR CRIME DENGAN CORPORATE CRIME

    OpenAIRE

    R. Dyatmiko Soemodihardjo

    2003-01-01

    White collar crime is a crime that carried out by respected persons, whereas corporate crime is a crime that related to corporation. White collar crime and crime corporate are always related to economic crime. White collar crime can be committed by corporation, that is why a kind of crime emerges namely corporate crime.

  18. Rise of a New Corporate Vehicle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fomcenco, Alex

    2014-01-01

    So-called Public Benefit Corporations do not bring any revolutionary amendments to the way the traditional corporations are. But they represent a shift in the way our corporate mind and mentality is evolving. Despite the deficiencies in legislation, it must be acknowledged that this new corporate...... vehicle indicates that for some corporations public benefit objectives become more important than profits....

  19. Corporate citizenship: Statoil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fjell, Olav

    2003-01-01

    Open markets alone do not guarantee equitable and sustainable development. Income disparities are growing both within and between countries to the extent that the marginalization of the poor has become a key challenge of globalization. To meet this challenge, the global community must address the governance gap between global finance/economics and local or national politics in world affairs. This article discusses how globalization is shaping Statoil's approach to corporate citizenship. The Norwegian firm, with 17,000 workers in some 25 countries, is one of the major net sellers of crude oil and supplies Europe with natural gas. Statoil maintains that corporations can contribute to global governance by conducting business in a manner that is ethical, economically viable, environmentally sound, and socially responsible. This contribution can be achieved through development partnerships with national governments, multilateral institutions, and nongovernmental organizations. Norway's Statoil ASA is one of the world's largest net sellers of crude oil and a major supplier of natural gas to Europe. It is the leading Scandinavian retailer of petroleum and other oil products. Statoil employs approximately 17,000 workers and operates in 25 countries.

  20. Business Development Corporation, Inc.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jasek, S.

    1995-12-31

    Business Development Corporation, Inc., is a company specializing in opportunity seeking and business development activities in the {open_quotes}new{close_quotes} post communist Central and Eastern Europe, with particular emphasis on the Republics of Poland and Slovakia. The company currently focuses its expertise on strategic investing and business development between Central Europe and the United States of America. In Poland and Slovakia, the company specializes in developing large scale energy and environmental {open_quotes}infrastructure{close_quotes} development projects on the federal, state, and local level. In addition, the company assists large state owned industries in the transformation and privatization process. Business Development Corporation has assisted and continues to assist in projects of national importance. The staff of experts advise numerous large Polish and Slovak companies, most owned or in the process of privatization, on matters of restructuring, finance, capital structure, strategic parternships or investors, mergers, acquisitions and joint ventures with U.S. based firms. The company also assists and advises on a variety of environmental and energy matters in the public and private sector.

  1. Multilevel corporate environmental responsibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karassin, Orr; Bar-Haim, Aviad

    2016-12-01

    The multilevel empirical study of the antecedents of corporate social responsibility (CSR) has been identified as "the first knowledge gap" in CSR research. Based on an extensive literature review, the present study outlines a conceptual multilevel model of CSR, then designs and empirically validates an operational multilevel model of the principal driving factors affecting corporate environmental responsibility (CER), as a measure of CSR. Both conceptual and operational models incorporate three levels of analysis: institutional, organizational, and individual. The multilevel nature of the design allows for the assessment of the relative importance of the levels and of their components in the achievement of CER. Unweighted least squares (ULS) regression analysis reveals that the institutional-level variables have medium relationships with CER, some variables having a negative effect. The organizational level is revealed as having strong and positive significant relationships with CER, with organizational culture and managers' attitudes and behaviors as significant driving forces. The study demonstrates the importance of multilevel analysis in improving the understanding of CSR drivers, relative to single level models, even if the significance of specific drivers and levels may vary by context.

  2. Corporate Schooling Meets Corporate Media: Standards, Testing, and Technophilia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saltman, Kenneth J.

    2016-01-01

    Educational publishing corporations and media corporations in the United States have been converging, especially through the promotion of standardization, testing, and for-profit educational technologies. Media and technology companies--including News Corp, Apple, and Microsoft--have significantly expanded their presence in public schools to sell…

  3. How Corporate Governance Affects Strategy of Corporations : - Lessons from Enron Corporation -

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmed, Hameed; Najam, Ali

    2006-01-01

    Corporate governance is a subject of academic and professional debate. It has and it will continue to be a topic under scrutiny for subsequent deliberations since there are many different research dimensions and contexts associated with it. However, it has been observed that the linkage between corporate governance and strategy of a corporation remains as an untapped area with considerable avenues of research. This paper tends to explore this linkage, using Enron scandal as backdrop. In the a...

  4. Improving Motor and Drive System Performance – A Sourcebook for Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-02-01

    This sourcebook outlines opportunities to improve motor and drive systems performance. The sourcebook is divided into four main sections: (1) Motor and Drive System Basics: Summarizes important terms, relationships, and system design considerations relating to motor and drive systems. (2) Performance Opportunity Road Map: Details the key components of well-functioning motor and drive systems and opportunities for energy performance opportunities. (3) Motor System Economics: Offers recommendations on how to propose improvement projects based on corporate priorities, efficiency gains, and financial payback periods. (4) Where to Find Help: Provides a directory of organizations associated with motors and drives, as well as resources for additional information, tools, software, videos, and training opportunities.

  5. Gross Motor Performance and Self-Perceived Motor Competence in Children with Emotional, Behavioural, and Pervasive Developmental Disorders: A Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emck, Claudia; Bosscher, Ruud; Beek, Peter; Doreleijers, Theo

    2009-01-01

    Aims: Motor performance and self-perceived motor competence have a great impact on the psychosocial development of children in general. In this review, empirical studies of gross motor performance and self-perception of motor competence in children with emotional (depression and anxiety), behavioural, and pervasive developmental disorders are…

  6. 3rd August 2010 - CEO Siemens Healthcare Sector, Chief Technology Officer, Head of Corporate Technology, Member of Siemens AG Managing Board, Germany, H. Requardt, signing the guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    CERN-HI-1008148 11: H. von Dewitz in the ATLAS Visitor centre with Collaboration member M. Hauschild (left) and Former IT Department Head W. von Rüden (right) CERN-HI-1008148 18 : Head of Innovation and Systems Projects, Siemens Healthcare Sector O. Heid (left) in the ATLAS Visitor centre with Collaboration member M. Hauschild. CERN-HI-1008148: in the ATLAS visitor centre, from left to right: Former IT Department Head W. von Rüden; ATLAS Collaboration P. Mättig; CEO Siemens Healthcare Sector, Chief Technology Officer, Head of Corporate Technology, Member of Siemens AG Managing Board, Germany, H. Requardt; Head of Innovation and Systems Projects, Siemens Healthcare Sector O. Heid; H. von Dewitz; ATLAS Collaboration member M. Hauschild.

  7. Modeling and Simulation of Current Source Inverter Fed Synchronous Motor in Complex Frequency Domain Taking the Transition Zone From Induction Motor to Synchronous Motor Mode into Account

    OpenAIRE

    A.B. Chattopadhyay; Sunil Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Modeling of synchronous motor plays a dominant role in designing complicated drive system for different applications, especially large blower fans etc for steel industries. As synchronous motor has no inherent starting torque generally it is started as an induction motor with the help of a damper winding and it pulls into synchronism under certain conditions. The present paper exactly concentrates on this particular zone of transition from induction motor to synchronous motor mode for a curre...

  8. An Insight into the Time Domain Phenomenon during the Transition Zone from Induction Motor to Synchronous Motor Mode for a Current Source Inverter Fed Synchronous Motor Drive System

    OpenAIRE

    A.B. Chattopadhyay; Sunil Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Modeling of synchronous motor plays a dominant role in designing complicated drive system for different applications, especially large blower fans etc., for steel industries. As synchronous motor has no inherent starting torque generally it is started as an induction motor with the help of a damper winding and it pulls into synchronism under certain conditions. The present study exactly concentrates on this particular zone of transition from induction motor to synchronous motor mode for a cur...

  9. Influência da seletividade de atenção no desenvolvimento da percepção corporal de crianças com deficiência motora Influence of selectivity of attention on the development of body awareness in children with motor deficiencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALS Bertoldi

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a influência do uso de estratégias cognitivas de direcionamento de atenção (dicas de aprendizagem no desenvolvimento de variáveis da percepção corporal de crianças com deficiência motora. MÉTODO: 22 sujeitos de 7 a 10 anos, de ambos os sexos, foram selecionados por similaridade de características funcionais e divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: CD (com dicas n= 11 e SD (sem dicas n= 11. Os grupos CD e SD desenvolveram os procedimentos metodológicos 1 (PM1 com direcionamento de atenção através do uso de dicas de aprendizagem e 2 (PM2 sem direcionamento de atenção respectivamente, durante 2 semanas com freqüência de 2 sessões semanais e duração de 50 minutos cada. Foram realizados pré-testes, pós-testes e testes de retenção com os seguintes instrumentos: teste de identificação das partes do corpo, teste de percepção cinética e teste de percepção crítica das partes do corpo. Foram utilizados a análise de variância multivariada MANOVA e o teste de comparações múltiplas de Tukey para analisar possíveis diferenças significativas. RESULTADOS: Os resultados indicaram diferenças significativas (pOBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of using cognitive strategies for directing attention (learning cues on the development of body awareness in children with motor deficiencies. METHOD: Twenty-two children of both sexes, aged 7 to 10 years, were selected based on their similar functional characteristics and were divided randomly into two groups: cue group (n= 11 and no cue group (n= 11. The cue group followed a methodological sequence in which attention was directed using learning cues, while the no cue group followed a different sequence, in which there was no directing of attention. These programs were followed for two weeks, with two sessions of 50 minutes each per week. Pre, post and retention tests were applied using the following instruments: body part identification test, kinetic

  10. Generalidades de la imagen corporal y sus implicaciones en el deporte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Fabricio Rodríguez-Camacho

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes. La imagen corporal es la representación del cuerpo que cada individuo construye en su mente. Estarepresentación contempla dos componentes: imagen corporal propiamente dicha y esquema corporal, los cuales son influenciados a partir de la interacción de los individuos con su entorno. Objetivo. El presente documento hace parte del marco teórico del estudio Imagen corporal en futbolistas, y revisa las generalidades de la imagen corporal en relación con su construcción, desarrollo, componentes, dimensiones e implicaciones en el deporte. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos Pubmed, SciELO, Science Direct y Google Académico entre los años 1996 y 2014, introduciendo los términos: Imagen corporal en deporte, modelo interno en control motor, evaluación de imagen corporal y esquema corporal. Resultados. Se encontraron 48 artículos, 11 en español, 36 en inglés y uno en portugués, los cuales abordaron la imagen corporal como un constructo multidimensional que tiene implicación directa sobre el movimiento corporal de los individuos y su entorno. Conclusiones. La imagen corporal es dinámica, se construye y modifica a lo largo de la vida a partir de estímulos sensoriales en términos de cuerpo y espacio, así como de estímulos socioculturales involucrados en la autoestima y el rendimiento deportivo. El desarrollo de programas de actividad físico-deportiva genera un impacto positivo sobre la imagen corporal en todas las edades, siempre y cuando se tengan presentes parámetros específicos de entrenamiento.

  11. PengaruhCorporate GovernanceTerhadap Hubungan Corporate Social ResponsibilityDan Nilai Perusahaan

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    2012 PengaruhCorporate GovernanceTerhadap Hubungan Corporate Social ResponsibilityDan Nilai Perusahaan Effect of Corporate Governance onthe Relationship of Corporate Social Responsibility and Firm Value Herlina Samsi Mushar Mustafa Grace T. Pontoh Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh corporate governance terhadap hubungan corporate social responsibility dan nilai perusahaan. Data penelitian ini diperoleh dari laporan keberlanjutan, lapor...

  12. The State Power Corporation of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@General Description of SP The State Power Corporation of China (SP) was established on January 16, 1997 under the approval of the State Council. As the largest power corporation in China, with 160 billion Yuan of registered capital and 1.38 million staff, SP's business scope covers generation, transmission, distribution, engineering design, construction, project management, as well as trade and financing etc. The core business of SP is power network construction and operation. SP has 146,150 km transmission lines at the voltage of 220 kV and above, which accounts for 89.5% of that in China's mainland, among which there are 26,730 km and 8,680 km of 500 kV and 330 kV respectively.Power Sources Planning,

  13. Stakeholder versus Shareholder Satisfaction in Corporate Risk Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabo, Tom

    2006-01-01

    Inherent in corporate governance is the conflict between satisfying stakeholders in general versus satisfying shareholders in particular. This empirical study of Danish non-financial companies finds that companies which state that their aim is to satisfy stakeholders in general ("stakeholder...

  14. Corporate Governance, CSR og menneskerettigheder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhmann, Karin

    2005-01-01

    Artiklen diskuterer om der findes en forbindelse mellem Corporate Governance og Corporate Social Responsibility i forhold til menneskerettigheder. Det konkluderes, at en sådan forbindelse findes, i hvert fald i forhold til arbejdstagerrettigheder og dele af forholdet til eksterne stakeholdere. Me...

  15. Internal communication in corporate groups

    OpenAIRE

    Grzesik, Katarzyna

    2015-01-01

    This chapter is dedicated to internal communication in corporate groups. It discusses internal communication systems operating in the explored corporate groups and their significance for effective human resources management in those organisations. The chapter presents both the theoretical analysis based on the results of literature studies, and empirical research carried out in the explored groups. Narodowe Centrum Nauki Katarzyna Grzesik

  16. The Banning of Corporal Punishment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cryan, John R.

    1995-01-01

    Presents the 1985 resolution of the Association for Childhood Education International (ACEI) for participation in the interdisciplinary effort to ban corporal punishment. Discusses distinctions between discipline and child abuse. Reports medical and psychological effects of physical punishment, and relationships between school corporal punishment…

  17. Corporal Punishment and Child Adjustment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aucoin, Katherine J.; Frick, Paul J.; Bodin, S. Doug

    2006-01-01

    The association between corporal punishment and children's emotional and behavioral functioning was studied in a sample of 98 non-referred children with a mean age of 12.35 (SD=1.72) recruited from two school systems in the southeastern United States. Children were divided into those who had experienced no corporal punishment over approximately a…

  18. Sinopec International Petroleum Service Corporation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Established in December 2003, Sinopec international Petroleum Service Corporation (SIPSC) is a fullyowned subsidiary of China Petrochemical Corporation (Sinopec Group). The company is mainly engaged in contracting international petroleum service projects and providing technical services, and is responsible for uniform management, coordination and organization of contracted international projects and labor service cooperation performed by Sinopec's upstream subsidiaries.

  19. A Profile of Corporate Contributions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Hayden W.

    The extent and distribution of charitable contributions by corporations were studied. In addition to a history of giving from 1936 to 1981, information is presented on corporate contributions in 1977 in terms of the distribution of companies (1) by size of contributions, (2) by contributions as percentage of net income, (3) by industry, and (4) by…

  20. Constructing corporate identities on websites

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøilerehauge, Dorrit

    2007-01-01

    En analyse og diskussion af hvorledes internationale virksomheder konstruerer deres identitet på deres corporate websites.......En analyse og diskussion af hvorledes internationale virksomheder konstruerer deres identitet på deres corporate websites....

  1. Studies on Dutch Housing Corporations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Veenstra, Jacob

    2016-01-01

    One third of all dwellings in the Netherlands is owned by housing corporations. These are privately governed institutions executing a public task (social housing). Recently, corporations have received negative attention due to various incidents (such as fraud and excessive risk-taking). This put pre

  2. 78 FR 66318 - Securities Investor Protection Corporation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-05

    ... COMMISSION 17 CFR Part 300 Securities Investor Protection Corporation AGENCY: Securities and Exchange Commission. ACTION: Proposed rule. SUMMARY: The Securities Investor Protection Corporation (``SIPC'') filed a..., the Options Clearing Corporation (``OCC'') proposed, and the Commission approved, a rule change...

  3. Corporate Support of Education: Some Strings Attached

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malott, Robert H.

    1978-01-01

    Corporate self-interest should guide corporate giving. Managers of publicly held corporations have the right, the capability, and the obligation to establish a philosophical screen to use in determining how shareholders' money is to be donated. (Author/MLF)

  4. Corporate Support of Education: Some Strings Attached

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malott, Robert H.

    1978-01-01

    Corporate self-interest should guide corporate giving. Managers of publicly held corporations have the right, the capability, and the obligation to establish a philosophical screen to use in determining how shareholders' money is to be donated. (Author/MLF)

  5. The general theory of blade screws including propellers, fans, helicopter screws, helicoidal pumps, turbo-motors, and different kinds of helicoidal blades

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Bothezat, George

    1920-01-01

    Report presents a theory which gives a complete picture and an exact quantitative analysis of the whole phenomenon of the working of blade screws, but also unites in a continuous whole the entire scale of states of work conceivable for a blade screw. Chapter 1 is devoted to the establishment of the system of fundamental equations relating to the blade screw. Chapter 2 contains the general discussion of the 16 states of work which may establish themselves for a blade screw. The existence of the vortex ring state and the whirling phenomenon are established. All the fundamental functions which enter the blade-screw theory are submitted to a general analytical discussion. The general outline of the curve of the specific function is examined. Two limited cases of the work of the screw, the screw with a zero constructive pitch and the screw with an infinite constructive pitch, are pointed out. Chapter 3 is devoted to the study of the propulsive screw or propeller. (author)

  6. The State of the Corporation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hein Jessen, Mathias

    and the corporation, seeing that the state is itself a corporate entity, albeit one which has achieved a privileged position in our political understanding as the repository of sovereignty and the sole legitimate claimant to political authority and allegiance. The state has throughout history governed social life......Today it has become commonplace to claim the demise of the power of the democratic nation-state due to globalization, neoliberal policies and the increasing power of transnational entities (UN, EU, IMF, WTO, World Bank) and multinational corporations. This view, however, prevalent in both public...... discourse and political debates, rests on a misguided conception of the state and on a sharp demarcation between the state and the corporation. This demarcation – between state and corporation and the political and the economic – is fundamental to the functioning of state power and to the existing political...

  7. Establishment of the system of innovative management of global corporations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yevhen Panchenko

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available There have been highlighted the relevant issues of system establishment of the innovative management of global corporations and generalized the experience of the leading world corporations in the achievement and keeping leading positions on the highly technological segments of the global market. It shows the significance of the creative personal qualities of managers in the generation and implementation of effective innovative solutions in the global business, grounds the categorical and functional imperatives of the innovative development of global corporations. In the context of formation of the new knowledge economy there were highlighted contradictions and available instruments of reinforcement of leading positions among the leading global corporations in the innovative sphere. There was paid attention to the implementation of the new concepts of global corporations’ leadership of BRIC countries, in particular, Chinese highly technological companies. There has been made a conclusion about global institutionalization of the innovative activity.

  8. Security Risks and Modern Cyber Security Technologies for Corporate Networks

    CERN Document Server

    Gharibi, Wajeb

    2011-01-01

    This article aims to highlight current trends on the market of corporate antivirus solutions. Brief overview of modern security threats that can destroy IT environment is provided as well as a typical structure and features of antivirus suits for corporate users presented on the market. The general requirements for corporate products are determined according to the last report from av-comparatives.org [1]. The detailed analysis of new features is provided based on an overview of products available on the market nowadays. At the end, an enumeration of modern trends in antivirus industry for corporate users completes this article. Finally, the main goal of this article is to stress an attention about new trends suggested by AV vendors in their solutions in order to protect customers against newest security threats.

  9. Corporate Climate Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjarnø, Ole-Christian; Maltha, Jonas

    2003-01-01

    Since the 1997 Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change outlined the first embryonic plans for an emissions market, a significant uncertainty about the value on carbon, in concert with a swift development in energy business, has brought about the concept of carbon management. Carbon management aims...... strategic carbon management for medium to large companies with greenhouse gas intensive activities. The guideline framework is established on the basis of a generic strategy structure in which the factors influencing corporate climate strategies are identified. It is concluded that there is little rationale...... behind extracting of climate strategy from the Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) context - the truly innovative aspect is the construction of an operational multiple Green House Gas information system, which should 1) measure, monitor, aggregate, record, and disseminate emission data (e.g. through...

  10. The Solar Development Corporation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Singer, C.E.

    1997-12-01

    This paper describes a proposed stand alone company, the Solar Development Corporation (SDC), to be a business development and financing entity for photovoltaic operations with the potential to be commercially sustainable. SDC will have a fully integrated policy advocacy link to the World Bank. SDC will define target countries where the potential exists for significant early market expansion. In those countries it will provide: market and business development services that will accelerate the growth of private firms and deepen the penetration of Solar Home Systems (SHS) and other rural PV applications in the market; and access to pre-commercial and parallel financing for private firms to (1) expand their capability in PV distribution businesses, and (2) strengthen their ability to provide credit to end users. SDC itself will not engage in direct financing of the final consumer. It is intended that as far as possible SDC`s finance will be provided in parallel with financing from Financial Intermediaries.

  11. Corporeal-Locomotive Media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgård, Rikke Toft

    activities and experiences across the abovementioned gameworlds. As a consequence, the article points towards the centrality of expressive first-person corporeality and locomotion in digital games – a circumstance that sets the practice and experience of digital games apart from media practices...... and experiences such as reading or listening to a story and watching a movie or theatre play and other traditional or new media forms. These circumstances make the article question whether digital games can be understood as (new) media form at all and, thus, it points towards a possible new vocabulary...... and structure’ of a couple of specific interactions, expressions and experiences that in the study have proven to be characteristic of being a gameplayer in gameplay in digital games – regardless of whether you are a child playing Temple Run 2 or Frut Ninja on the iPhone, a tween playing Battlefield 3 on your...

  12. Intelligence analysis in corporate security

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manojlović Dragan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Located in the survey indicate that the protection of a corporation, its internal and external interest from the perspective of quality data for intelligence analysis and the need for kroporacije and corporate security. Furthermore, the results indicate that the application is not only practical knowledge of intelligence analysis, but also its scientific knowledge, provides epistemologically oriented critique of traditional techniques undertaken in corporate security in connection with the analysis of the challenges, risks and threats. On the question of whether it can and should be understood only as a form of corporate espionage, any aspect of such a new concept in the theory and practice of corporate security, competitive intelligence activities, as well as an activity or involves a range of different methods and techniques meaningful and expedient activities to be implemented integrally and continuously within corporate security, given the multiple responses to the work. The privatization of intelligence activities as an irreversible process that was decades ago engulfed the western hemisphere, in the first decade of the third millennium has been accepted in Europe, in the sense that corporations at national and multinational levels of system intelligence analysis used not only for your safety but also for the competition, and nothing and less for growth companies and profits. It has become a resource that helps control their managers in corporations to make timely and appropriate decisions. Research has shown that intelligence analysis in corporate security one factor that brings the diversity of the people and give corporations an advantage not only in time, but much more on the market and product.

  13. An Evaluation of Electric Motors for Ship Propulsion

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-06-01

    mover in their Type-45 destroyer. Alstom Corporation is leading the industry in induction mo- tor development with their Advanced Induction Motor...applications. Alstom Corpo- ration’s Advanced Induction Motor (AIM) has been evolving over the past 15 years [12]. It was primarily developed for...ing radial ventilation ducts that are provided using a patented Alstom method known as “pin-vent” [12]. The pin vent method provides an efficient

  14. Accounting provision for corporate management system functioning

    OpenAIRE

    Пилипенко, Олексій Іванович

    2017-01-01

    The peculiarities of accounting provision for corporate management system functioning have been considered. The levels and basic problems of accounting organization in corporations have been determined.

  15. Building Corporate Reputation through Corporate Governance = Krepitev ugleda korporacij skozi njihovo vodenje

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cedomir Ljubojevic

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available The authors of the article deal with mutual relations of corporate governance and corporate reputation. The aim of this paper is to show that corporate governance design is in the function of better corporate reputation and to test the perceived relation between corporate governance and corporate reputation. The research expect to show: the necessity for integration of corporate strategy into business strategy (this issue will be even more present in the future and to prove the opinion of consumers and corporations who claim that corporate governance is a necessity for corporate reputation development.

  16. 75 FR 62879 - Individual Exemption Involving General Motors Company, General Motors Holdings LLC, and General...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ... provide an opinion as to the fair value of the Securities as of the relevant date, consistent with ASC 820 on Fair Value Measurements and the AICPA Statement on Valuation Services. New GM will provide such... securities to the New Plan due to the uncertain value and current lack of marketability of the securities...

  17. Pandemic influenza guidance for corporations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    The purpose of this guidance document is to assist members of the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM), and the organizations for which they work, in managing the impact of a pandemic of influenza or other contagious respiratory disease on patients, employees, and business. This guidance document outlines actions to take before and during an influenza pandemic on the basis of two main strategies: (1) reducing the spread of the virus within facilities; and (2) providing medical care and medical surveillance to client/patient populations. Facilities in which ACOEM members serve include government agencies and the military, universities, and corporations, which generally have multiple locations/sites and their own medical staff, with members responsible for medical care and disease control. This guidance is for organizations with outpatient occupational medicine services, to be used as appropriate. Medical centers should also use guidance that addresses additional employee and external patient care needs.1–3 The ACOEM fully supports implementation of occupational influenza programs that conform with guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), with other guidance from the US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS), and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations and guidance.

  18. Investigation Into Non-Symmetrical Modes Of Linear Induction Motors

    OpenAIRE

    Lisauskas, Saulius

    2007-01-01

    Linear induction motors are applied in equipments with different requirements set up to the controlled motion parameters. Investigation of motoring and breaking modes remains the relevant problem nowadays. The scientific novelty is based on analysis of non-symmetrical operation modes of linear induction motor at supplying it by a voltage source, developing a generalized model of motoring and breaking dynamic modes and analyzing influence of linear motor windings connection way and contro...

  19. KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURE OF THE CORPORATION: THE KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND SERVICE COMMUNICATIONS AND DOCUMENTATION MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Yermolenko V. V.; Lanskaya D. V.; Volkova L. I.

    2015-01-01

    The following research problems are solved in the article: practice of domestic corporations of documenting of process of accumulation of knowledge is generalized, the knowledge structure of development of the intellectual human capital of corporation is investigated, the model of the project of a management system of knowledge in corporation and its communication and documentary maintenance is offered, the essence of new ways of documenting of knowledge and feature of network documenting of ...

  20. Measuring instruments of corporate reputation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Damir Grgić

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The subject of this paper is focused on the instruments for the measurement of corporate reputation. Recent research of the elements which influence the success of a company shows a growing interest in intangible values. Corporate reputation itself has been identified as one of the key intangible assets which create the company’s added value. Understanding of the importance of corporate reputation has been determined as a significant component of the company’s competitiveness, that is, of its competitive edge. Reputation is a normal part of our life and an integral part of our society. Our interest in the honesty and integrity of others is firmly established in all cultures and nowadays the focus of this interest is switching increasingly on companies. Corporate reputation can be acquired by means of strong, well-developed strategies, which are crucial for the opinion of stakeholders regarding future stability and competitive sustainability of the company. On the other hand, it should be emphasized that in order to manage it, corporate reputation has to be measured first. However, although the concept of corporate reputation is universally accepted and its significance has been recognized especially in the last two decades, the process of its measurement is still at an early stage and there is no universally accepted instrument for its measurement. Therefore, the author of this paper gives an overview of the instruments used for the measurement of corporate reputation which have gained a foothold through former practical usage.