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Sample records for gdr isospin splitting

  1. Main sup 2 sup 0 sup , sup 2 sup 2 Ne giant dipole resonance decay channel and sup 2 sup 2 Ne GDR isospin splitting

    CERN Document Server

    Varlamov, V V

    2002-01-01

    The published data on various photonuclear reactions on sup n sup a sup t sup , sup 2 sup 0 sup , sup 2 sup 2 Ne have been analyzed aiming at investigation of the peculiarities of the sup 2 sup 0 sup , sup 2 sup 2 Ne GDR proton and neutron decay channels. The data on the isotope abundances and reaction energy threshold have been used to separate the cross sections of the reactions sup 2 sup 0 sup , sup 2 sup 2 Ne[(gamma, n) + (gamma, np)] and sup 2 sup 0 sup , sup 2 sup 2 Ne[(gamma, p) + (gamma, np)] into the cross sections of the one-nucleon (gamma, n) and (gamma, p) reactions and (gamma, np) reactions. The (gamma, np)-reaction cross sections have been evaluated for both isotopes sup 2 sup 0 sup , sup 2 sup 2 Ne. The sup 2 sup 0 sup , sup 2 sup 2 Ne(gamma, n) sup 1 sup 9 sup , sup 2 sup 1 Ne and sup 2 sup 0 sup , sup 2 sup 2 Ne(gamma, p) sup 1 sup 9 sup , sup 2 sup 1 F reaction cross sections have been evaluated for E subgamma = 16.0-28.0 MeV and the sup 2 sup 0 sup , sup 2 sup 2 Ne(gamma, np) sup 1 sup 8 su...

  2. Isospin mass splittings and the m$_{s}$ corrections in the semibosonized SU(3)-NJL model

    CERN Document Server

    Blotz, A; Praszalowicz, M; Blotz, Andree; Goeke, K; Praszalowicz, M

    1994-01-01

    The mass splittings of hyperons including the isospin splittings are calculated with O(\\ms^2) and O(\\ms \\dm) accuracy respectively within the semibosonized SU(3)-NJL model. The pattern of the isospin splittings is not spoiled by the terms of the order O(\\ms \\dm), and both splittings between the different isospin multiplets and within the same multiplet are well reproduced for acceptable values of \\ms and \\dm.

  3. Isospin splittings of meson and baryon masses from three-flavor lattice QCD + QED

    CERN Document Server

    Horsley, R; Perlt, H; Pleiter, D; Rakow, P E L; Schierholz, G; Schiller, A; Stokes, R; Stüben, H; Young, R D; Zanotti, J M

    2015-01-01

    Lattice QCD simulations are now reaching a precision where isospin breaking effects become important. Previously, we have developed a program to systematically investigate the pattern of flavor symmetry beaking within QCD and successfully applied it to meson and baryon masses involving up, down and strange quarks. In this Letter we extend the calculations to QCD + QED and present our first results on isospin splittings in the pseudoscalar meson and baryon octets. In particular, we obtain $M_{\\pi^+}-M_{\\pi^0}=4.60(20)\\,\\mbox{MeV}$ and $M_n-M_p=1.35(18)\\,\\mbox{MeV}$.

  4. Isospin splitting of nucleon effective mass and symmetry energy in isotopic nuclear reactions

    CERN Document Server

    Guo, Ya-Fei; Niu, Fei; Zhang, Hong-Fei; Jin, Gen-Ming; Feng, Zhao-Qing

    2016-01-01

    Within an isospin and momentum dependent transport model, the dynamics of isospin particles (nucleons and light clusters) in Fermi-energy heavy-ion collisions are investigated for constraining the isospin splitting of nucleon effective mass and the symmetry energy at subsaturation densities. The mass splitting of $m^{*}_{n}>m^{*}_{p}$ and $m^{*}_{n}splitting and symmetry energy impact the kinetic energy spectra of the single ratios, in particular at the high energy tail (larger than 20 MeV). Specific constraints are obtained from the double ratio spectra, which are evaluated from the ratios of isospin observab...

  5. Isospin splittings of meson and baryon masses from three-flavor lattice QCD + QED

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horsley, R.; Nakamura, Y.; Perlt, H.; Pleiter, D.; Rakow, P. E. L.; Schierholz, G.; Schiller, A.; Stokes, R.; Stüben, H.; Young, R. D.; Zanotti, J. M.

    2016-10-01

    Lattice QCD simulations are now reaching a precision where isospin breaking effects become important. Previously, we have developed a program to systematically investigate the pattern of flavor symmetry beaking within QCD and successfully applied it to meson and baryon masses involving up, down and strange quarks. In this Letter we extend the calculations to QCD + QED and present our first results on isospin splittings in the pseudoscalar meson and baryon octets. In particular, we obtain the nucleon mass difference of {M}n-{M}p=1.35(18)(8){{MeV}} and the electromagnetic contribution to the pion splitting {M}{π +}-{M}{π 0}=4.60(20){{MeV}}. Further we report first determination of the separation between strong and electromagnetic contributions in the \\overline{{MS}} scheme.

  6. Shell evolution and its indication on the isospin dependence of the spin-orbit splitting

    CERN Document Server

    Xu, Zhen-Xiang

    2013-01-01

    The available experimental data on shell evolution indicate that the strength of the spin-orbit (SO) single-particle potential may be enhanced in neutron-rich nuclei. We observe that such a simple scheme destroys the Harmonic Oscillator (HO) magic numbers N=8 and 20 and generates new SO magic numbers like N=6, 14, 16, 32 and 34. The traditional SO magic numbers like N=28 and 50 and N=14 seen in $^{22}$O are eroded somehow in neutron-rich nuclei due to the sensitivity of larger-$l$ orbitals to the depth of the central potential but they are more robust than the HO magic numbers. The N=82 shell closure persists in neutron-rich nuclei while HO shell closures like N=40 and 70 do not emerge. Both mechanisms contribute to enhancing the N=56 and 90 gaps by splitting the $1d_{5/2}$ and $0g_{7/2}$ and the $0h_{9/2}$ and $1f_{7/2}$ orbitals.

  7. Neutrino GDR meeting; Reunion du GDR neutrino

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguilar-Saavedra, J.A.; Camilleri, L.; Mention, G.; VanElewyck, V.; Verderi, M.; Blondel, A.; Augier, C.; Bellefon, A. de; Coc, A.; Duchesneau, D.; Favier, J.; Lesgourgues, J.; Payet, J

    2006-07-01

    The purpose of the neutrino GDR (research program coordination) is to federate the activities of French research teams devoted to studying the neutrino. The presentations have been organized on 2 days. A review of the present status of the theoretical and experimental knowledge on neutrinos on a worldwide basis has been made on the first day while the second day has been dedicated to reporting the activities of the 5 following working groups: 1) determination of neutrino parameters, 2) physics beyond the standard model, 3) neutrinos in the universe, 4) neutrino detection, and 5) common tools. During the first day the American neutrino research program has been presented through the description of the 2 neutrino detection systems: Nova and Minor. The following neutrino experiments involving nuclear reactors: Chooz (France), Daya-bay (China), Reno (Korea) and Angra (Brazil) have also been reviewed. This document is made up of the slides of the presentations.

  8. A Simple Approach to Study the Isospin Effect in Mass Splitting of Three-Nucleon Systems by Using Hyperspherical Functions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feizi, H.; A. A., Rajabi; M. R., Shojaei

    2012-07-01

    In this work, the binding energy and wavefunctions of three-nucleon systems are obtained by using hyperspherical harmonic approach. We have used a mathematical modification method to obtain the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of Schrödinger equation for three-nucleon systems in calculation. Next, we have used a simple approach to obtain the difference between binding energy of 3H and 3He where gives us mass splitting of three-nucleon systems. We have compared our results with the other works and experimental values.

  9. Isospin and symmetry energy study in nuclear EOS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    This paper summarizes the isoscaling and isospin related studies in asymmetry nuclear reactions by different dynamic and sta tistical models. Isospin dependent quantum molecular dynamics model (IQMD) and lattice gas model (LGM) are used to study the isoscaling properties and isoscaling parameters dependence on incident energies, impact parameters, temperature and other parameters. In the LGM model, the signal of phase transition has been found in free neutron (proton) chemical potential dif ference Δμn or Δμp as a function of temperature, or in free neutron and proton chemical potential difference Δμn-Δμp. Density dependence of symmetry energy coefficient Csym(ρ/ρ0) is also studied in the frame of LGM, with the potential parameters which can reproduce the nuclear ground state property, soft density dependence of symmetry energy is deduced from the sim ulation results. Giant dipole resonance (GDR) induced by isospin asymmetry in entrance channel is also studied via IQMD model, and the dynamic dipole resonance shows isospin sensitivity on the isospin asymmetry of entrance channel and sym metry energy of the nuclear equation of state (EOS). GDR can also be regarded as a possible isospin sensitive signature.

  10. Spin gated GDR widths at moderate temperatures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukul Ish

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We present the evolution of giant dipole resonance (GDR width as a function of angular momentum in the compound nucleus 144Sm in the temperature range of 1.5-2.0 MeV. The high energy γ rays emitted from the decay of excited 144Sm were measured using large NaI detector in coincidence with 4π sum spin spectrometer. GDR widths were found to comply with thermal shape fluctuation model in this temperature range over a wide range of spin. Experimental widths tend to increase rapidly at high angular momentum values.

  11. Quadrupole collectivity with isospin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ginocchio, J.N.; Leviatan, A. (Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States) Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel))

    1994-10-03

    We study intrinsic aspects of quadrupole collectivity with conserved isospin in the framework of the interacting boson model (IBM-3) of nuclei. A geometric visualization is achieved by means of a novel type of intrinsic states which are deformed in angular momentum yet have well defined isospin. The energy surface of the general IBM-3 Hamiltonian is derived and normal modes are identified for prolate deformations.

  12. Classically Isospinning Hopf Solitons

    CERN Document Server

    Battye, Richard A

    2013-01-01

    We perform full 3-dimensional numerical relaxations of isospinning Hopf solitons with Hopf charge up to 8 in the Skyrme-Faddeev model with mass terms included. We explicitly allow the soliton solution to deform and to break the symmetries of the static configuration. It turns out that the model with its rich spectrum of soliton solutions, often of similiar energy, allows for transmutations, formation of new solution types and the rearrangement of the spectrum of minimal-energy solitons in a given topological sector when isospin is added. We observe that the shape of isospinning Hopf solitons can differ qualitatively from that of the static solution. In particular the solution type of the lowest energy soliton can change. Our numerical results are of relevance for the quantization of the classical soliton solutions.

  13. A new Skyrme energy density functional for a better description of spin-isospin resonances

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roca-Maza, X., E-mail: xavier.roca.maza@mi.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sez. di Milano, via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano (Italy); Colò, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), Sez. di Milano, via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano (Italy); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, CAS, Beijing 100190 (China); Cao, Li-Gang [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, CAS, Beijing 100190 (China); School of Mathematics and Physics, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206 (China); State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, ITP, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator of Lanzhou, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Sagawa, H. [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, CAS, Beijing 100190 (China); Center for Mathematics and Physics, University of Aizu, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Fukushima 965-8580 (Japan); RIKEN, Nishina Center, Wako, 351-0198 (Japan)

    2015-10-15

    A correct determination of the isospin and spin-isospin properties of the nuclear effective interaction should lead to an accurate description of the Gamow-Teller resonance (GT), the Spin Dipole Resonance (SDR), the Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR) or the Antianalog Giant Dipole Resonance (AGDR), among others. A new Skyrme energy density functional named SAMi is introduced with the aim of going a step forward in setting the bases for a more precise description of spin-isospin resonances [1, 2]. In addition, we will discuss some new features of our analysis on the AGDR in {sup 208}Pb [3] as compared with available experimental data on this resonance [4, 5, 6], and on the GDR [7]. Such study, guided by a simple yet physical pocket formula, has been developed by employing the so called SAMi-J family of systematically varied interactions. This set of interactions is compatible with experimental data for values of the symmetry energy at saturation J and slope parameter L falling in the ranges 31−33 MeV and 75−95 MeV, respectively.

  14. GDR in Hot Nuclei: New Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camera, F.; Kmiecik, M.; Wieland, O.; Benzoni, G.; Bracco, A.; Brambilla, S.; Crespi, F.; Mason, P.; Moroni, A.; Million, B.; Leoni, S.; Maj, A.; Styczen, J.; Brekiesz, M.; Meczynski, W.; Zieblinski, M.; Gramegna, F.; Barlini, S.; Kravchuk, V. L.; Lanchais, A. L.; Mastinu, P. F.; Bruno, M.; D'Agostino, M.; Geraci, E.; Ordine, A.; Casini, G.; Chiari, M.

    2005-04-01

    The measured properties of the Giant Dipole Resonance in hot rotating nuclei are successfully described with the model of thermal fluctuations, even though there are still some open problems especially at very low (T 2.5MeV) temperatures and missing data in some mass regions. Recent experimental works have addressed more specific problems regarding the nuclear shape and its behaviour in very particular and delimited phase space regions. In this paper will be discussed new exclusive measurements of the GDR γ decay in heavy 216Rn nuclei (where the shape of nuclei surviving fission have been probed) and some preliminary data on the 132Ce nuclei at very high excitation energy.

  15. Isospin-breaking two-nucleon force with explicit Delta-excitations

    CERN Document Server

    Epelbaum, E; Meißner, Ulf-G

    2008-01-01

    We study the leading isospin-breaking contributions to the two-nucleon two-pion exchange potential due to explicit Delta degrees of freedom in chiral effective field theory. In particular, we find important contributions due to the delta mass splittings to the charge symmetry breaking potential that act opposite to the effects induced by the nucleon mass splitting.

  16. Isospin from Spin by Compositenes

    CERN Document Server

    Fauser, B; Fauser, Bertfried; Dehnen, Heinz

    1999-01-01

    We propose a new method to generate the internal isospin degree of freedom by non-local bound states. This can be seen as motivated by Bargmann-Wigner like considerations, which originated from local spin coupling. However, our approach is not of purely group theoretical origin, but emerges from a geometrical model. The rotational part of the Lorentz group can be seen to mutate into the internal iso-group under some additional assumptions. The bound states can thereafter be characterized by either a triple of spinors (\\xi_1, Inducing the whole dynamics from the covariant gauge coupling we arrive at an isospin gauge theory and its Lagrangian formulation. Clifford algebraic methods, especially the Hestenes approach to the geometric meaning of spinors, are the most useful concepts for such a development. The method is not restricted to isospin, which served as an example only.

  17. Isospin breaking from diquark clustering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibbs, W. R.; Dedonder, Jean-Pierre

    2017-09-01

    Background: Although SU(2) isospin symmetry is generally assumed in the basic theory of the strong interaction, a number of significant violations have been observed in scattering and bound states of nucleons. Many of these violations can be attributed to the electromagnetic interaction but the question of how much of the violation is due to it remains open. Purpose: To establish the connection between diquark clustering in the two-nucleon system and isospin breaking from the Coulomb interaction between the members of diquark pairs. Method: A schematic model based on clustering of quarks in the interior of the confinement region of the two-nucleon system is introduced and evaluated. In this model the Coulomb interaction is the source of all isospin breaking. It draws on a picture of the quark density based on the diquark-quark model of hadron structure which has been investigated by a number of groups. Results: The model produces three isospin breaking potentials connecting the unbroken value of the low-energy scattering amplitude to those of the p p , n n , and n p singlet channels. A simple test of the potentials in the three-nucleon energy difference problem yields results in agreement with the known binding energy difference. Conclusion: The illustrative model suggests that the breaking seen in the low-energy nucleon-nucleon (NN) interaction may be understood in terms of the Coulomb force between members of diquark clusters. It allows the prediction of the charge symmetry breaking interaction and the n n scattering length from the well measured n p singlet scattering length. Values of the n n scattering length around -18 fm are favored. Since the model is based on the quark picture, it can be easily extended, in the SU(3) limit, to calculate isospin breaking in the strange sector in the corresponding channels. A natural consequence of isospin breaking from diquark clustering is that the breaking in the strange sector, as measured by the separation energy

  18. [Theory and practice of Pavlov Sleep Therapy in the GDR].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scholtz, Doreen; Steinberg, Holger

    2011-10-01

    The following study describes theoretical foundations and practical application of Pavlov Sleep Therapy within the GDR in the 1950s and earlier 1960s. Implementing the sleeping treatment as a psychiatric therapy examplifies how the ideological guideline to integrate Pavlov's teachings was converted into medical practice in the GDR. One of the protagonists of this approach was Dietfried Müller-Hegemann in Leipzig. Although being successful with some diseases such as fatigue, its practical application ceased after several cases of death that were brought in connection with the sleep treatment. Indirectly this discontinuation of Pavlov Sleep Therapy also terminated Müller-Hegemann's academic career. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  19. Isospin Momentum-Dependent Interaction and Its Role on the Isospin Fractionation Ratio in Intermediate Energy Heavy Ion Collisions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jian-Ye; GUO Wen-Jun; XING Yong-Zhong; LEE Xi-Guo

    2005-01-01

    @@ We investigate the role of isospin momentum-dependent interaction on the isospin fractionation ratio and its dynamical mechanism in the intermediate energy heavy ion collisions, by inserting an isospin degree of freedom into the momentum-dependent interaction to obtain an isospin momentum-dependent interaction given in a form practically usable in the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model It is found that the isospin momentum-dependent interaction brings an important isospin effect into the isospin fractionation ratio. In particular, the isospin momentum-dependent interaction reduces obviously the reduction of isospin fractionation ratio. Thus the isospin dependence of momentum-dependent interaction is thus important for studying accurately the equation of state of isospin asymmetry nuclear matter.

  20. Isospin mixing of isospin-projected Slater determinants: formalism and preliminary applications

    CERN Document Server

    Rafalski, M; Dobaczewski, J

    2008-01-01

    We report on the development of a new theoretical tool that allows for isospin projection of Slater determinants and we present its first applications. In particular, we determine the isospin mixing in ground states of N=Z nuclei and discuss its dependence on the size of the harmonic-oscillator basis used in the calculations. We also discuss the unphysical contribution to the isospin mixing caused by the spurious isospin-symmetry breaking inherent to the mean-field approach. We show that these contributions may be as large as 30% of the value of the isospin-mixing parameter.

  1. Isospin properties of quark matter from a 3-flavor NJL model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, He; Xu, Jun; Chen, Lie-Wen; Sun, Kai-Jia

    2016-09-01

    We have studied the properties of hot and dense quark matter based on the 3-flavor Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model as well as its Polyakov-loop extension (pNJL) with scalar-isovector and vector-isovector couplings. Provided a considerable large isospin asymmetry or isospin chemical potential, isospin splittings of constituent mass, chiral phase transition boundary, and critical point for u and d quarks can be observed for positive isovector coupling constants but are suppressed for negative ones. The quark matter symmetry energy decreases with the increasing isovector coupling constant, and is mostly enhanced in the pNJL model than in the NJL model. A positive scalar-isovector coupling constant is more likely to lead to an unstable isospin asymmetric quark matter. The isovector coupling has been further found to affect particle fractions as well as the equation of state in hybrid stars. Possible effects on the isospin properties of quark matter have also been discussed if the strangeness sector is further broken among the flavor symmetry.

  2. PREFACE Proceedings of GDR-AFPAC Meeting, January 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowe, Mike; Saffari, Nader; Lhemery, Alain; Deschamps, Marc; Leger, Alain; Abrahams, David

    2011-01-01

    A joint meeting of two Anglo-French scientific research communities was held from 18 to 22 January 2010, in Kendal, Cumbria, UK. This was the sixth conference of the Groupe De Recherche (GDR) 2501, and the ninth conference of the Anglo-French Physical Acoustics Conference (AFPAC). This was the first time these two conferences have been run concurrently. The meeting was entitled GDR-AFPAC. The interests of the GDR group focus on studying the propagation of ultrasound in inhomogeneous media, including the relevance to its use for Non Destructive Evaluation (NDE). The GDR was set up in France in 2002, as a network of university research groups and industrial organisations, with support from the French national funding agency CNRS, under the code 2501. The network was expanded to include membership of university research groups in the UK in 2008, and has support from the UK Research Centre in NDE (RCNDE). A significant extra benefit of the UK membership is that it brings together the UK researchers in applied mathematics with those in engineering. The GDR holds its conferences approximately every 18 months; all GDR conferences prior to this one have been held in France. The interests of the AFPAC group pertain to studying physical acoustics. The AFPAC conference series is a collaboration between the Physical Acoustics Group (PAG) of the Institute of Physics and the Groupe d'Acoustique Physique, Sous-marine et UltraSonore (GAPSUS) of the Société Française d'Acoustique. First established in 2001, the aim of its annual conference is to provide a forum where the most recent research developments in the field of Physical Acoustics in the UK and France are reviewed. AFPAC alternates between venues in the UK and France, and the format has been designed to be 'small and friendly'. The conference attracts the main research leaders of both countries, and in particular aims to encourage research students to have their debut presentations at the event. Thus both of these

  3. Spin, Isospin and Strong Interaction Dynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Comay E.

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The structure of spin and isospin is analyzed. Although both spin and isospin are related to the same SU(2 group, they represent different dynamical effects. The Wigner-Racah algebra is used for providing a description of bound states of several Dirac particles in general and of the proton state in particular. Isospin states of the four ∆ (1232 baryons are discussed. The work explains the small contribution of quarks spin to the overall proton spin (the proton spin crisis. It is also proved that the addition of QCD’s color is not required for a construction of an antisymmetric state for the ∆ ++ (1232 baryon.

  4. The isospin dependent nucleon-nucleon inelastic cross section in the nuclear medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qingfeng; Li, Zhuxia

    2017-10-01

    The calculation of the energy-, density-, and isospin-dependent Δ production cross sections in nucleon-nucleon (NN) scattering σNN→ NΔ * has been performed within the framework of the relativistic BUU approach. The NΔ cross sections are calculated in Born approximation taking into account the effective mass splitting of the nucleons and Δs in asymmetric matter. Due to the different mass splitting for neutron, proton and differently charged Δs, it is shown that, similar to the NN elastic ones, the reductions of NΔ inelastic cross sections in isospin-asymmetric nuclear medium are different from each other for all the individual channels and the effect is largest and of opposite sign for the Δ++ and Δ- states. This approach is also compared to calculations without effective mass splitting and with splitting derived from Dirac-Brueckerner (DB) calculations. The isospin dependence of the NΔ cross sections is expected to influence the production of π+ and π- mesons as well as their yield ratio, and thus affect the use of the latter quantity as a probe of the stiffness of the symmetry energy at supranormal densities.

  5. Universal physics of three bosons with isospin

    CERN Document Server

    Hyodo, Tetsuo; Nishida, Yusuke

    2013-01-01

    We show that there exist two types of universal phenomena for three-boson systems with isospin degrees of freedom. In the isospin symmetric limit, there is only one universal three-boson bound state with the total isospin one, whose binding energy is proportional to that of the two-boson bound state. With large isospin symmetry breaking, the standard Efimov states of three identical bosons appear at low energies. Both phenomena can be realized by three pions with the pion mass appropriately tuned in lattice QCD simulations, or by spin-one bosons in cold atom experiments. Implication to the in-medium softening of multi-pion states is also discussed.

  6. Quarkonium at non-zero isospin density

    CERN Document Server

    Detmold, William; Shi, Zhifeng

    2014-01-01

    We calculate the energies of quarkonium bound states in the presence of a medium of nonzero isospin density using lattice QCD. The medium, created using a canonical (fixed isospin charge) approach, induces a reduction of the quarkonium energies. As the isospin density increases, the energy shifts first increase linearly and then saturate at an isospin density where a qualitative change in the behaviour of the energy density of the medium has been previously observed. This provides further support to the conjecture that the medium undergoes a transition from a pion gas to a Bose-Einstein condensed phase at this point. The reduction of the quarkonium energies becomes more pronounced as the heavy-quark mass is decreased, similar to the behaviour seen in two-colour QCD at non-zero quark chemical potential. In the process of our analysis, the Upsilon-pi and eta_b-pi scattering phase shifts are determined at low momentum and found to be small.

  7. Isospin Breaking Effects on the Lattice

    CERN Document Server

    Tantalo, Nazario

    2013-01-01

    Isospin symmetry is not exact and the corrections to the isosymmetric limit are, in general, at the percent level. For gold plated quantities, such as pseudoscalar meson masses or the kaon leptonic and semileptonic decay rates, these effects are of the same order of magnitude of the errors quoted in nowadays lattice calculations and cannot be neglected any longer. In this talk I discuss the methods that have been developed in the last few years to calculate isospin breaking corrections by starting from first principles lattice simulations. In particular, I discuss how to perform a combined QCD+QED lattice simulation and a renormalization prescription to be used in order to separate QCD from QED isospin breaking effects. A brief review of recent lattice results of isospin breaking effects on the hadron spectrum is also included.

  8. GDR Feeding of the Highly-Deformed Band in 42Ca

    CERN Document Server

    Kmiecik, M; Styczen, J; Bednarczyk, P; Brekiesz, M; Grebosz, J; Lach, M; Meczynski, W; Zieblinski, M; Zuber, K; Bracco, A; Camera, F; Benzoni, G; Million, B; Leoni, S; Wieland, O; Herskind, B; Curien, D; Dubray, N; Dudek, J; Schunck, N; Mazurek, K

    2004-01-01

    The gamma-ray spectra from the decay of the GDR in the compound nucleus reaction 18O+28Si at bombarding energy of 105 MeV have been measured in an experiment using the EUROBALL IV and HECTOR arrays. The obtained experimental GDR strength function is highly fragmented, with a low energy (10 MeV) component, indicating a presence of a large deformation and Coriolis effects. In addition, the preferential feeding of the highly-deformed band in 42Ca by this GDR low energy component is observed.

  9. Pseudo-Goldstone modes in isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cohen, T.D. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States); Broniowski, W. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow (Poland)

    1995-01-01

    The authors analyze the chiral limit in dense isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter. It is shown that the pseudo-Goldstone modes in this system are qualitatively different from the case of isospin-symmetric matter.

  10. GDR (Genome Database for Rosaceae): integrated web-database for Rosaceae genomics and genetics data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Sook; Staton, Margaret; Lee, Taein; Blenda, Anna; Svancara, Randall; Abbott, Albert; Main, Dorrie

    2008-01-01

    The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR) is a central repository of curated and integrated genetics and genomics data of Rosaceae, an economically important family which includes apple, cherry, peach, pear, raspberry, rose and strawberry. GDR contains annotated databases of all publicly available Rosaceae ESTs, the genetically anchored peach physical map, Rosaceae genetic maps and comprehensively annotated markers and traits. The ESTs are assembled to produce unigene sets of each genus and the entire Rosaceae. Other annotations include putative function, microsatellites, open reading frames, single nucleotide polymorphisms, gene ontology terms and anchored map position where applicable. Most of the published Rosaceae genetic maps can be viewed and compared through CMap, the comparative map viewer. The peach physical map can be viewed using WebFPC/WebChrom, and also through our integrated GDR map viewer, which serves as a portal to the combined genetic, transcriptome and physical mapping information. ESTs, BACs, markers and traits can be queried by various categories and the search result sites are linked to the mapping visualization tools. GDR also provides online analysis tools such as a batch BLAST/FASTA server for the GDR datasets, a sequence assembly server and microsatellite and primer detection tools. GDR is available at http://www.rosaceae.org.

  11. Isospin dependent properties of asymmetric nuclear matter

    CERN Document Server

    Chowdhury, P Roy; Samanta, C

    2009-01-01

    The density dependence of nuclear symmetry energy is determined from a systematic study of the isospin dependent bulk properties of asymmetric nuclear matter using the isoscalar and the isovector components of density dependent M3Y interaction. The incompressibility $K_\\infty$ for the symmetric nuclear matter, the isospin dependent part $K_{asy}$ of the isobaric incompressibility and the slope $L$ are all in excellent agreement with the constraints recently extracted from measured isotopic dependence of the giant monopole resonances in even-A Sn isotopes, from the neutron skin thickness of nuclei and from analyses of experimental data on isospin diffusion and isotopic scaling in intermediate energy heavy-ion collisions. This work provides a fundamental basis for the understanding of nuclear matter under extreme conditions, and validates the important empirical constraints obtained from recent experimental data.

  12. Isospin Mixing In N $\\approx$ Z Nuclei

    CERN Multimedia

    Srnka, D; Versyck, S; Zakoucky, D

    2002-01-01

    Isospin mixing in N $\\approx$ Z nuclei region of the nuclear chart is an important phenomenon in nuclear physics which has recently gained theoretical and experimental interest. It also forms an important nuclear physics correction in the precise determination of the $ft$-values of superallowed 0$^+ \\rightarrow 0^+ \\beta$- transitions. The latter are used in precision tests of the weak interaction from nuclear $\\beta$- decay. We propose to experimentally measure isospin mixing into nuclear ground states in the N $\\approx$ Z region by determining the isospin forbidden Fermi-component in the Gamow-Teller dominated $J^{\\pi} \\rightarrow J^{\\pi} \\beta$- transitions through the observation of anisotropic positron emission from oriented nuclei. First measurements were carried out with $^{71}$As and are being analyzed now.

  13. Extension of Isospin Dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FengZhaoqing; ZhangFengshou; LiWenfei; JinGenming

    2003-01-01

    Isospin dependent molecular dynamics (IQMD) has been used with success for studying isospin effects in heavy ion collisions at intermediate energies[1,2]. However, this model meets difficulty to study heavy ion collisions at low energies near Coulomb barrier since unsuitable dealing with the deformation, such as surface term induced by deformation during approaching projectile and target, which is not important at high energies, and it results in the calculated cross sections with IQMD which are much smaller than the experimental data at low energies. In this report, we propose a new method in which the surface term in the mean field is included in a proper way, the switch function method.

  14. Isospin dependence of the three-nucleon force

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Evgeny Epelbaum; Ulf-G. Meissner; Juan Palomar

    2004-07-01

    We classify A--nucleon forces according to their isospin dependence and discuss the most general isospin structure of the three--nucleon force. We derive the leading and subleading isospin--breaking corrections to the three--nucleon force using the framework of chiral effective field theory.

  15. The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR): year 10 update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Sook; Ficklin, Stephen P; Lee, Taein; Cheng, Chun-Huai; Blenda, Anna; Zheng, Ping; Yu, Jing; Bombarely, Aureliano; Cho, Ilhyung; Ru, Sushan; Evans, Kate; Peace, Cameron; Abbott, Albert G; Mueller, Lukas A; Olmstead, Mercy A; Main, Dorrie

    2014-01-01

    The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR, http:/www.rosaceae.org), the long-standing central repository and data mining resource for Rosaceae research, has been enhanced with new genomic, genetic and breeding data, and improved functionality. Whole genome sequences of apple, peach and strawberry are available to browse or download with a range of annotations, including gene model predictions, aligned transcripts, repetitive elements, polymorphisms, mapped genetic markers, mapped NCBI Rosaceae genes, gene homologs and association of InterPro protein domains, GO terms and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway terms. Annotated sequences can be queried using search interfaces and visualized using GBrowse. New expressed sequence tag unigene sets are available for major genera, and Pathway data are available through FragariaCyc, AppleCyc and PeachCyc databases. Synteny among the three sequenced genomes can be viewed using GBrowse_Syn. New markers, genetic maps and extensively curated qualitative/Mendelian and quantitative trait loci are available. Phenotype and genotype data from breeding projects and genetic diversity projects are also included. Improved search pages are available for marker, trait locus, genetic diversity and publication data. New search tools for breeders enable selection comparison and assistance with breeding decision making.

  16. The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR): year 10 update

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Sook; Ficklin, Stephen P.; Lee, Taein; Cheng, Chun-Huai; Blenda, Anna; Zheng, Ping; Yu, Jing; Bombarely, Aureliano; Cho, Ilhyung; Ru, Sushan; Evans, Kate; Peace, Cameron; Abbott, Albert G.; Mueller, Lukas A.; Olmstead, Mercy A.; Main, Dorrie

    2014-01-01

    The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR, http:/www.rosaceae.org), the long-standing central repository and data mining resource for Rosaceae research, has been enhanced with new genomic, genetic and breeding data, and improved functionality. Whole genome sequences of apple, peach and strawberry are available to browse or download with a range of annotations, including gene model predictions, aligned transcripts, repetitive elements, polymorphisms, mapped genetic markers, mapped NCBI Rosaceae genes, gene homologs and association of InterPro protein domains, GO terms and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway terms. Annotated sequences can be queried using search interfaces and visualized using GBrowse. New expressed sequence tag unigene sets are available for major genera, and Pathway data are available through FragariaCyc, AppleCyc and PeachCyc databases. Synteny among the three sequenced genomes can be viewed using GBrowse_Syn. New markers, genetic maps and extensively curated qualitative/Mendelian and quantitative trait loci are available. Phenotype and genotype data from breeding projects and genetic diversity projects are also included. Improved search pages are available for marker, trait locus, genetic diversity and publication data. New search tools for breeders enable selection comparison and assistance with breeding decision making. PMID:24225320

  17. Geometric foundation of spin and isospin

    CERN Document Server

    Hannibal, L

    1996-01-01

    Various theories of spinning particles are interpreted as realizing elements of an underlying geometric theory. Classical particles are described by trajectories on the Poincare group. Upon quantization an eleven-dimensional Kaluza-Klein type theory is obtained which incorporates spin and isospin in a local SL(2,C) x U(1) x SU(2) theory with broken U(1)x SU(2) part.

  18. Isospin violation in pion-kaon scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Kubis, B; Kubis, Bastian; Mei{\\ss}ner, Ulf-G.

    2002-01-01

    We consider strong and electromagnetic isospin violation in near-threshold pion-kaon scattering. At tree level, such effects are small for all physical channels. We work out the complete one-loop corrections to the process pi^- K^+ -> pi^0 K^0. They come out rather small. We also show that the corresponding radiative cross section is highly suppressed at threshold.

  19. GDR (Genome Database for Rosaceae: integrated web resources for Rosaceae genomics and genetics research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ficklin Stephen

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Peach is being developed as a model organism for Rosaceae, an economically important family that includes fruits and ornamental plants such as apple, pear, strawberry, cherry, almond and rose. The genomics and genetics data of peach can play a significant role in the gene discovery and the genetic understanding of related species. The effective utilization of these peach resources, however, requires the development of an integrated and centralized database with associated analysis tools. Description The Genome Database for Rosaceae (GDR is a curated and integrated web-based relational database. GDR contains comprehensive data of the genetically anchored peach physical map, an annotated peach EST database, Rosaceae maps and markers and all publicly available Rosaceae sequences. Annotations of ESTs include contig assembly, putative function, simple sequence repeats, and anchored position to the peach physical map where applicable. Our integrated map viewer provides graphical interface to the genetic, transcriptome and physical mapping information. ESTs, BACs and markers can be queried by various categories and the search result sites are linked to the integrated map viewer or to the WebFPC physical map sites. In addition to browsing and querying the database, users can compare their sequences with the annotated GDR sequences via a dedicated sequence similarity server running either the BLAST or FASTA algorithm. To demonstrate the utility of the integrated and fully annotated database and analysis tools, we describe a case study where we anchored Rosaceae sequences to the peach physical and genetic map by sequence similarity. Conclusions The GDR has been initiated to meet the major deficiency in Rosaceae genomics and genetics research, namely a centralized web database and bioinformatics tools for data storage, analysis and exchange. GDR can be accessed at http://www.genome.clemson.edu/gdr/.

  20. GDR emission in {sup 64}Ni+{sup 92}Zr{yields}{sup 156}Er reaction studies with GASP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fabris, D. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Padua (Italy)

    1995-02-01

    The Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR) from the decay of excited {sup 156}Er nuclei has been studied with the GASP spectrometer. The correlations between the emission of energetic gamma rays, the fold k distribution and low energy discrete gamma lines have shown that standard statistical calculations can be used to describe not contained GDR gamma spectra. (author). 5 refs, 2 figs.

  1. Expertise of radiation injuries in the GDR and examples of gynecological contact therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arndt, D. (Staatliches Amt fuer Atomsicherheit und Strahlenschutz, Berlin (German Democratic Republic)); Lenz, U. (Betriebspoliklinik des Kombinats Elektro-Apparate-Werke Berlin-Treptow (German Democratic Republic)); Matschke, S. (Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR, Berlin. Zentralinstitut fuer Krebsforschung); Schmidt, H. (Akademie der Wissenschaften der DDR, Leipzig. Zentralinstitut fuer Isotopen- und Strahlenforschung); Thormann, T. (Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (German Democratic Republic). Bereich Medizin (Charite))

    Expertise in cases of radiation injuries is given in the GDR by different institutions depending on etiological factors. Occupational diseases due to ionizing radiation are judged by the National Board of Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection of the GDR while radiation injuries in medicine are dealt with by institutions for Medical Expertise. Details of organization and procedure of expertise are described as well as cooperation between the institutions mentioned. Two cases of iatrogenic radiation injuries in gynecological intracavitary contact therapy are dealt with and conclusions are drawn for future measures in guaranteeing full radiation protection.

  2. [Fritz hauschild (1908-1974) and drug research in the 'German Democratic Republic' (GDR)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, U

    2005-06-01

    The chemist and pharmacologist Fritz Hauschild developed the sympathomimetic agent Pervitin (metamphetamin) in the 1930s. Not only because of the abuse of the stimulant during the Second World War ("pilot's chocolate") it is one of the most controversial substances in drug history. Nearly forgotten are Hauschild's contributions to build up the drug system in the GDR. Although he was a convinced communist, the skilful pharmacologist gave very early warning of the imminent lack of innovation in the GDR pharmaceutical industry. A letter which he addressed to the Minister of Health, Max Sefrin (born 1913), did not lack explicitness.

  3. Spin-isospin resonances in nuclei

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fujiwara, M; Akimune, H; Daito, [No Value; Ejiri, H; Fujita, Y; Greenfield, MB; Harakeh, MN; Inomata, T; Janecke, J; Nakayama, S; Takemura, N; Tamii, A; Tanaka, M; Toyokawa, H; Yosoi, M

    1996-01-01

    Spin-isospin excitations in nuclei have been investigated via the (He-3,t) reaction at 450 MeV. The volume integrals of the effective interactions J(sigma tau) and J(tau) for the (He-3,t) reaction at 450 MeV have been empirically determined to be 172+/-17 MeV-fm(3) and 53+/-5 MeV-fm(3), respectively

  4. Effects of symmetry energy and effective k -mass splitting on central 96Ru(96Zr)+96Zr(96Ru) collisions at 50 to 400 MeV/nucleon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Jun; Zhu, Long; Huang, Ching-Yuan; Xie, Wen-Jie; Zhang, Feng-Shou

    2017-08-01

    The isospin mixing between projectile and target in central 96Ru(96Zr)+96Zr(96Ru) collisions at 50 to 400 MeV/nucleon is investigated within the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model in combination with the statistical decay code gemini. Four groups of parameters, which provide different density dependences of symmetry energy and effective k -mass splitting, are applied in the model. Calculations within the same effective k -mass splittings show that the isospin mixing is more likely to take place for soft symmetry energy than hard symmetry energy. Calculations within similar symmetry energies show that the isospin mixing is more likely to take place for mn*mp* . Significantly, the effects of effective k -mass splitting on the isospin mixing become stronger with increasing incident energies, while those of symmetry energy are similar at different incident energies.

  5. Probing the critical behavior in the evolution of GDR width at very low temperatures in A∼100 mass region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dey, Balaram; Mondal, Debasish; Pandit, Deepak; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Pal, Surajit [Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF-Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064 (India); Bhattacharya, Srijit [Department of Physics, Barasat Govt. College, Barasat, N 24 Pgs, Kolkata 700124 (India); De, A. [Department of Physics, Raniganj Girls' College, Raniganj 713358 (India); Banerjee, K. [Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF-Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064 (India); Dinh Dang, N. [Theoretical Nuclear Physics Laboratory, RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, RIKEN, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako city, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Quang Hung, N. [School of Engineering, Tan Tao University, Tan Tao University Avenue, Tan Duc Ecity, Duc Hoa, Long An Province (Viet Nam); Banerjee, S.R., E-mail: srb@vecc.gov.in [Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF-Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700064 (India)

    2014-04-04

    The influence of giant dipole resonance (GDR) induced quadrupole moment on GDR width at low temperatures is investigated experimentally by measuring GDR width systematically in the unexplored temperature range T=0.8–1.5 MeV, for the first time, in A∼100 mass region. The measured GDR widths, using alpha induced fusion reaction, for {sup 97}Tc confirm that the GDR width remains constant at the ground state value up to a critical temperature and increases sharply thereafter with increase in T. The data have been compared with the adiabatic Thermal Shape Fluctuation Model (TSFM), phenomenological Critical Temperature Fluctuation Model (CTFM) and microscopic Phonon Damping Model (PDM). Interestingly, CTFM and PDM give similar results and agree with the data, whereas the TSFM differs significantly even after incorporating the shell effects.

  6. The isospin mixing and the superallowed Fermi beta decay

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    A E Çalik; M Gerçekliğlu; D I Salamov

    2012-09-01

    In the present work, the isospin admixtures in the nuclear ground states of the parent nuclei and isospin structure of the isobar analog resonance (IAR) states have been investigated by studying the 0+ → 0+ superallowed Fermi decays using Pyatov’s restoration method. Within the random phase approximation (RPA), in this method, the effect of isospin breaking due to the Coulomb forces has been evaluated, taking into account the effect of pairing correlations between nucleons.

  7. Isospin Symmetry Violation in sd-Shell Nuclei

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lam Yi Hua

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available We construct a new set of isospin-nonconserving (INC shell-model Hamiltonians and apply it (i to study the isobaric-mass multiplet equation (IMME beyond a quadratic form in the A = 35, 3/2+ quartet, (ii to compute the isospin mixing corrections to superallowed Fermi branch of 1+ → 1+ β decay of 32Cl, and (iii to obtain the isospin-forbidden branching ratios of β-delayed proton emission from 25Si.

  8. The isospin dependent nucleon-nucleon inelastic cross section in the nuclear medium

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Qingfeng

    2016-01-01

    A theoretical calculation on the energy-, density-, and isospin-dependent nucleon-nucleon (NN) inelastic cross section $\\sigma^*_{NN\\rightarrow N\\Delta}$, based on the self-consistent relativistic Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck microscopic transport theory, has been performed. It is found that the decrease of $\\sigma^*_{NN\\rightarrow N\\Delta}$ with the increase of density is relatively stronger than in previous isospin-averaged calculations by Mao {\\it et al.} [Phys. Lett. B {\\bf 327}, 183 (1994)], owing to a novel choice of the density-dependent parameter set for the equation of state. The reduction of the inelastic in-medium cross section is also compared with that of elastic and inelastic cross sections adopted in numerical model calculations, and it is found that the current calculation behaves reasonably well. Owing to the mass-splitting effect of both nucleons and $\\Delta$s, all individual channels are different from each other in the isospin-asymmetric nuclear medium, similar to the NN elastic cross secti...

  9. The GDR in Hg and Eu nuclei from selected decay chains

    CERN Document Server

    Camera, F; Colombo, G; Leoni, S; Million, B; Mattiuzzi, M; Maj, A; Kmiecik, M; Herskind, B; Bark, R; Bearden, J; Gaardhøje, J J; Ormand, E W

    1999-01-01

    The gamma-decay of the GDR in hot Hg and Eu isotopes has been measured in coincidence with selected low-energy gamma-transitions of the evaporation residues. In the Hg case, the GDR width at finite temperature and at different spins was studied by analyzing simultaneously with the statistical model the high-energy gamma-ray spectra associated with different residual nuclei and the fractions of residue cross-sections. The measured GDR width was found in good agreement with the predictions of the thermal fluctuations model. In the case of Eu, we have measured the high-energy gamma-rays in coincidence with low-energy gamma-transitions from different nuclear configurations of sup 1 sup 4 sup 3 Eu in order to search for the GDR decay built on a superdeformed state. The analysis of the data shows a possible evidence of this state. The measured intensity indicates that the superdeformation survives only few MeV above the yrast line.

  10. Cloning and identification of a novel human glioma differentiation related gene GDR1

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    In order to identify the genes associated with glioblastoma differentiation, some ESTs, expressed differentially in the control cell and the differentiated human glioblastoma cell line BT-325 induced by the all-trans retinoid acid, have been isolated by the method of DDRT-PCR. Of the 46 ESTs sequenced, 19 are from new genes. A full-length 1 535-bp cDNA, termed gene GDR1, has been isolated from the human cDNA library using the probe designed according to one of the novel ESTs, HGBB098. The open reading frame of GDR1 gene encodes a putative protein containing 334 amino acid residues. Blast against the current GenBank DNA and protein sequence database did not reveal significant homology with any known proteins. RT-PCR shows that GDR1 mRNA level increased in the differentiated BT-325 cells after being treated with RA. The different expression patterns of GDR1 mRNA in human tissues have been detected through the multiple tissue Northern blot hybridization.

  11. Isospin odd pi K scattering length

    CERN Document Server

    Schweizer, J

    2005-01-01

    We make use of the chiral two-loop representation of the pi K scattering amplitude [J. Bijnens, P. Dhonte and P. Talavera, JHEP 0405 (2004) 036] to investigate the isospin odd scattering length at next-to-next-to-leading order in the SU(3) expansion. This scattering length is protected against contributions of m_s in the chiral expansion, in the sense that the corrections to the current algebra result are of order M_pi^2. In view of the planned lifetime measurement on pi K atoms at CERN it is important to understand the size of these corrections.

  12. A quarksonic matter at high isospin density

    CERN Document Server

    Cao, Gaoqing; Huang, Xu-Guang

    2016-01-01

    Analogous to the quarkyonic matter at high baryon density in which the quark Fermi seas and the baryonic excitations coexist, it is argued that a "quarksonic matter" phase appears at high isospin density where the quark (antiquark) Fermi seas and the mesonic excitations coexist. We explore this phase in detail in both large $N_c$ and asymptotically free limits: In large $N_c$ limit, we sketch a phase diagram for the quarksonic matter. In the asymptotically free limit, we study the pion superfluidity and thermodynamics of the quarksonic matter by using both perturbative calculations and effective model.

  13. Isospin odd {pi}K scattering length

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schweizer, J. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, University of Vienna, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)]. E-mail: julia.schweizer@univie.ac.at

    2005-10-13

    We make use of the chiral two-loop representation of the {pi}K scattering amplitude [J. Bijnens, P. Dhonte, P. Talavera, JHEP 0405 (2004) 036] to investigate the isospin odd scattering length at next-to-next-to-leading order in the SU(3) expansion. This scattering length is protected against contributions of m{sub s} in the chiral expansion, in the sense that the corrections to the current algebra result are of order M{sub {pi}}{sup 2}. In view of the planned lifetime measurement on {pi}K atoms at CERN it is important to understand the size of these corrections.

  14. Electric charge catalysis by magnetic fields and isospin chemical potential

    CERN Document Server

    Bruckmann, F; Sulejmanpasic, T

    2013-01-01

    We describe a generic mechanism by which a system of Dirac fermions which carry an additional quantum number (isospin) acquires electric charge when the system is subject to an isospin chemical potential and a superposition of a normal magnetic field and a magnetic field which distinguishes the isospin. A nontrivial feature of fermions in the background of such gauge fields is that the electric charge appears due to nonzero isospin chemical potential and vice versa. The charge is accumulated since the degeneracies of occupied lowest Landau levels for particles of positive isospin and anti-particles of negative isospin are different. We discuss two physical systems where this phenomenon can be realized. One is monolayer graphene where the isospin is associated with two valleys in the Brillouin zone and the strain-induced pseudo-magnetic field acts differently on charge carriers in different valleys. Another is hot QCD, for which the role of isospin is played by the color of quarks. In the latter case the descr...

  15. Isospin effects of the Skyrme potential and the momentum dependent interaction at intermediate energy heavy ion collisions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Wen-Jun; LIU Jian-Ye

    2008-01-01

    We improve the isospin dependent quantum molecular dynamical model by including isospin effects in the Skyrme potential and the momentum dependent interaction to obtain an isospin dependent Skyrme potential and an isospin dependent momentum interaction. We investigate the isospin effects of Skyrme potential and momentum dependent interaction on the isospin fractionation ratio and the dynamical mechanism in intermediate energy heavy ion collisions. It is found that the isospin dependent Skyrme potential and the isospin dependent momentum interaction produce some important isospin effects in the isospin fractionation ratio.

  16. Embryo splitting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karl Illmensee

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Mammalian embryo splitting has successfully been established in farm animals. Embryo splitting is safely and efficiently used for assisted reproduction in several livestock species. In the mouse, efficient embryo splitting as well as single blastomere cloning have been developed in this animal system. In nonhuman primates embryo splitting has resulted in several pregnancies. Human embryo splitting has been reported recently. Microsurgical embryo splitting under Institutional Review Board approval has been carried out to determine its efficiency for blastocyst development. Embryo splitting at the 6–8 cell stage provided a much higher developmental efficiency compared to splitting at the 2–5 cell stage. Embryo splitting may be advantageous for providing additional embryos to be cryopreserved and for patients with low response to hormonal stimulation in assisted reproduction programs. Social and ethical issues concerning embryo splitting are included regarding ethics committee guidelines. Prognostic perspectives are presented for human embryo splitting in reproductive medicine.

  17. The {gamma}-decay of the GDR in highly excited Ce nuclei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wieland, O [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Milano and INFN Milano (Italy); Barlini, S [Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, INFN (Italy); Kravchuk, V L [Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, INFN (Italy)] [and others

    2005-10-01

    The {gamma}-decay of the GDR in the {sup 132}Ce compound nuclei produced by the reaction {sup 64}Ni+{sup 68}Zn at E{sub beam} = 300 MeV, 400 MeV, 500 MeV (E* of 100 MeV, 150 MeV and 200 MeV) has been measured. We have detected heavy recoil nuclei, light charged particles and {gamma}-rays. The data obtained with the symmetric reaction {sup 64}Ni+{sup 68}Zn indicate emission from a fully equilibrated compound nucleus as deduced from the analysis of charged particle spectra. The GDR parameters are found to be consistent with the predictions of the thermal fluctuation model.

  18. [Shock therapy and psychosurgery in the early German Democratic Republic (GDR)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rzesnitzek, L

    2015-11-01

    Patient files, textbooks and published articles of the time show that the wide range of psychiatric therapies of the 1950s and 1960s was also used in the early German Democratic Republic (GDR). The use of insulin coma therapy, cardiazol and electroconvulsive therapies and especially of leucotomy in the GDR must not only be seen in the context of the international development and debate concerning these therapies up to the introduction of psychopharmaceutic therapy but also, in a similar way as in the Federal Republic of Germany, in relation to the locally sometimes different availability of insulin and cardiazol in the post-war period, different schools of academic thought and scientific research interest and priorities of the clinics concerned.

  19. Energy Dependence of exotic nuclei production cross sections by photofission reaction in GDR range

    CERN Document Server

    Bhowmick, Debasis; Atta, Debasis; Basu, D N; Chakrabarti, Alok

    2015-01-01

    Photofission of actinides is studied in the region of nuclear excitation energies that covers the entire giant dipole resonance (GDR) region. The mass distributions of $^{238}$U photofission fragments have been explored theoretically for eight different endpoint bremsstrahlung energies from 11.5 MeV to 67.7 MeV which correspond to average photon energy of 9.09 MeV to 15.90 MeV. Among these energies, the 29.1 MeV corresponds to the average photon energy of 13.7$\\pm$0.3 MeV which coincides with GDR peak for $^{238}$U photofission. The integrated yield of $^{238}$U photofission as well as charge distribution of photofission products are calculated and its role in producing nuclei and their neutron-richness is investigated.

  20. Effective interactions for extreme isospin conditions; Interactions effectives pour des conditions extremes d`isospin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chabanat, E.

    1995-01-01

    One of the main goal in nuclear physics research is the study of nuclei in extreme conditions of spin and isospin. The more performing tools for theoretical predictions in this field are microscopic methods such as the Hartree-Fock one based on independent particle approximation. The main ingredient for such an approach is the effective nucleon-nucleon interaction. The actual trend being the study of nuclei more and more far from the stability valley, it is necessary to cast doubt over the validity of usual effective interaction. This work constitute a study on the way one can construct a new interaction allowing some theoretical predictions on nuclei far from the stability. We have thus made a complete study of symmetric infinite nuclear matter and asymmetric one up to pure neutron matter. One shows that the asymmetry coefficient, which was considered until now as fixing isospin properties, is not sufficient to have a correct description of very exotic isospin states. A new type of constraint is shown for fixing this degree of freedom: the neutron matter equation of state. One include this equation of state, taken from a theoretical model giving a good description of radii and masses of neutron stars. One can thus expect to build up new Skyrme interaction with realistic properties of ground state of very neutron-rich nuclei. (author). 63 refs., 68 figs., 15 tabs.

  1. [Research on Depression in the GDR - Historical Lines of Development and Therapeutic Approaches].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thormann, J; Himmerich, H; Steinberg, H

    2014-02-01

    Historical research has raised the issue of whether GDR psychiatry was isolated from Western influences to such an extent that an autonomous East German psychiatry developed. Taking a chronological approach and being based on a clearly defined range of topics, the objective of this paper is to identify specific contributions made by GDR psychiatry to academic research as well as the degree of its international orientation by focusing on the treatment and research on depression. We have performed a systematic review of the East German psychiatric journal "Psychiatrie, Neurologie und medizinische Psychologie" and a screening of all psychiatric textbooks that appeared in the GDR. Although East German psychiatry was oriented towards Soviet as well as Western developments, some internationally used therapeutic or conceptual innovations reached East German clinics only with some delay. Yet, East German psychiatrists have also contributed their own, independent nosological and therapeutic concepts to research on depression. Pivotal figures included, among others, R. Lemke (Jena), D. Müller-Hegemann (Leipzig) or K. Leonhard (Berlin). With regard to research on depression one cannot truly speak of an autonomous East German psychiatry. Developments in East and West were largely running in parallel. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  2. Archaeological Excavations in Disappeared Diplomacy. The Relations of the GDR with Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimund Kramer

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available The German Democratic Republic (GDR, as a failed political system, has been converted into a historical phenomenon for researchers and columnists. With the opening of the archives of the German Unified Socialist Party and the various parties and organizations of the GDR,the author of this article analyses the international relations of this disappeared country and more specifically its foreign policy regarding Latin America. For this purpose he divides the study into two periods: from 1949 to 1955, the year in which the GDR was bestowed its sovereignty, although not its real independence from the USSR, and from 1955 until its disappearance. The GDR’s foreign relations with Latin America were of little importance in comparisonwith those ties it maintained with Europe and Africa. Of these, 75% were centred on relations with Cuba, Nicaragua and Chile (especially during the period of the Unidad Popular. The object of the study is examined from a triple perspective: its strategic role and political relations, its economic weight and the ideological dimension.

  3. Energy policy of the 10. SED congress and peaceful use of nuclear power in the GDR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mittsinger, V.; Krauze, Kh.; Kremer, Yu.

    1984-11-01

    The state-of-the-art and perspectives on the development of the GDR energy and raw material basis are considered. The main directions in the GDR energy strategy for the 80-ies adopted by the 10-th SED Congress are discussed. It is noted that the NPP share in the total power generation which in 1970 had been below 1% increased up to 12% by 1981. In 1983 commercial heat consumption was employed for the first time from NPP units with the capacity of 440 MW for the heat supply of a town of Greifswald. The nuclear power development program until the year 2000 envisages to complete the construction of the Bruno Lensehner NPP and to put four units with WWER-440 into operation before 1990. This NPP with the total capacity of 3520 MW must become a great contribution to a regular power supply of the country. It is planned to put into operation the first power unit with the capacity of 1000 MW to be built according to the Soviet standard project. In future this type of reactors will be used as serial to expand the GDR nuclear engineering basis.

  4. Testing ground GDR: Western pharmaceutical firms conducting clinical trials behind the Iron Curtain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erices, Rainer; Frewer, Andreas; Gumz, Antje

    2015-07-01

    Western pharmaceutical companies conducted clinical trials in the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War. Recently, media reports about alleged human experimentation provoked a wave of indignation. However, a scientific and objective account of these trials is lacking. The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate the clinical trials performed in the German Democratic Republic (GDR) based on archival material from the health system and the secret service. We found documents relating to 220 trials involving more than 14,000 patients and 68 Western companies. However, no record of patient information forms or systematic documentation regarding the provision of patient consent was discovered. There was no evidence to suggest that the trials systematically and intentionally damaged patients. The trials were conducted without the knowledge of the public. GDR legislation stipulated that patients must consent to the trials, but no evidence was found to suggest that patients were systematically informed. Documents suggest that at least some of the trials were carried out without patients having a comprehensive understanding of what the trial involved. The GDR agreed to the trials due to impending bankruptcy and Western pharmaceutical companies capitalised on this situation.

  5. Isospin violation in the vector form factors of the nucleon

    CERN Document Server

    Kubis, B; Kubis, Bastian; Lewis, Randy

    2006-01-01

    A quantitative understanding of isospin violation is an increasingly important ingredient for the extraction of the nucleon's strange vector form factors from experimental data. We calculate the isospin violating electric and magnetic form factors in chiral perturbation theory to leading and next-to-leading order respectively, and we extract the low-energy constants from resonance saturation. Uncertainties are dominated largely by limitations in the current knowledge of some vector meson couplings. The resulting bounds on isospin violation are sufficiently precise to be of value to on-going experimental studies of the strange form factors.

  6. QCD phase diagram with isospin chemical potential

    CERN Document Server

    Brandt, Bastian B

    2016-01-01

    In this contribution we investigate the phase diagram of QCD in the presence of an isospin chemical potential. To alleviate the infrared problems of the theory associated with pion condensation, we introduce the pionic source as an infrared regulator. We discuss various methods to extrapolate the results to vanishing pionic source, including a novel method based on the singular value spectrum of the massive Dirac operator, a leading-order reweighting and a spline Monte-Carlo fit. Our main results concern the phase transition boundary between the normal and the pion condensation phases and the chiral/deconfinement transition temperature as a function of the chemical potential. In addition, we perform a quantitative comparison between our direct results and a Taylor-expansion obtained at zero chemical potential to assess the applicability range of the latter.

  7. Dual condensates at finite isospin chemical potential

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Zhao

    2015-01-01

    The dual observables as order parameters for center symmetry are tested at finite isospin chemical potential $\\mu_I$ in a Polyakov-loop enhanced chiral model of QCD with physical quark masses. As a counterpart of the dressed Polyakov-loop, the first Fourier moment of pion condensate is introduced for $\\mu_I>{m_\\pi}/{2}$ under the temporal twisted boundary conditions for quarks. We demonstrate that this dual condensate exhibits the similar temperature dependence as the conventional Polyakov-loop. We confirm that its rapid increase with $T$ is driven by the evaporating of pion condensation. On the other hand, the dressed Polyakov-loop shows abnormal thermal behavior, which even decreases with $T$ at low temperatures due to the influence of pion condensate. We thus argue that in QCD the critical temperature extracting from a dual observable may have nothing to do with the quark confinement-deconfinement transition if the quark mass is very small.

  8. Isospin effects in N~Z nuclei in extended Density Functional Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Satula, Wojciech

    2015-01-01

    This paper overviews various phenomena related to the concept of isospin symmetry. The focus is on N~Z nuclei, which are excellent laboratories of isospin physics. The theoretical framework applied is nuclear Density Functional Theory and its isospin- and angular-momentum projected extensions, as well as symmetry-projected multi-reference models. The topics covered include: isospin impurities, superallowed beta decays, beta-transitions in mirror nuclei, isospin breaking hadronic interactions, mirror and triplet binding energy differences, and isoscalar pairing.

  9. Perturbative thermodynamics at nonzero isospin density for cold QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Graf, Thorben; Fraga, Eduardo S

    2015-01-01

    We use next-to-leading-order in perturbation theory to investigate the effects of a finite isospin density on the thermodynamics of cold strongly interacting matter. Our results include nonzero quark masses and are compared to lattice data.

  10. Perturbative thermodynamics at nonzero isospin density for cold QCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graf, Thorben; Schaffner-Bielich, Juergen; Fraga, Eduardo S.

    2016-04-01

    We use next-to-leading order in perturbation theory to investigate the effects of a finite isospin density on the thermodynamics of cold strongly interacting matter. Our results include nonzero quark masses and are compared to lattice data.

  11. Isospin breaking in the pion-nucleon scattering lengths

    CERN Document Server

    Hoferichter, Martin; Meißner, Ulf-G

    2009-01-01

    We analyze isospin breaking through quark mass differences and virtual photons in the pion-nucleon scattering lengths in all physical channels in the framework of covariant baryon chiral perturbation theory.

  12. Pseudo-Goldstone modes in isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cohen, T.D. [Washington Univ., Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Broniowski, W. [Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow (Poland)

    1994-12-01

    We analyze the chiral limit in dense isoptin-asymmetric nuclear matter. It is shown that the pseudo-Goldstone modes in this system are qualitatively different from the case of isospin-symmetric matter. (author). 20 refs.

  13. Shell Model Depiction of Isospin Mixing in sd Shell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lam, Yi Hua; Smirnova, Nadya A. [CENBG (CNRS/IN2P3 - Universite Bordeaux 1) Chemin du Solarium, 33175 Gradignan (France); Caurier, Etienne [IPHC, IN2P3-CNRS et Universite Louis Pasteur, 67037 Strasbourg (France)

    2011-11-30

    We constructed a new empirical isospin-symmetry breaking (ISB) Hamiltonian in the sd(1s{sub 1/2}, 0d{sub 5/2} and 0d{sub 3/2}) shell-model space. In this contribution, we present its application to two important case studies: (i){beta}-delayed proton emission from {sup 22}Al and (ii) isospin-mixing correction to superallowed 0{sup +}{yields}0{sup +}{beta}-decay ft-values.

  14. Isospin mixing at finite temperature in 80Zr

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceruti Simone

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Isospin mixing induced by the Coulomb interaction has been studied in the compound nucleus 80Zr at T~2 MeV produced in the fusion-evaporation reaction 40Ca+40Ca at Ebeam = 136 MeV. The isospin impurity was measured using the first step of the Giant Dipole Resonance γ decay. The preliminary value of the Coulomb spreading width has been extracted via statistical model analysis of the measured γ spectrum.

  15. Measurement of isospin mixing in 80Zr* at finite temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corsi, A.; Wieland, O.; Barlini, S.; Kravchuk, V. L.; Bracco, A.; Camera, F.; Crespi, F. C. L.; Giaz, A.; Leoni, S.; Nicolini, R.; Vandone, V.; Benzoni, G.; Blasi, N.; Brambilla, S.; Million, B.; Montanari, D.; Bardelli, L.; Bini, M.; Casini, G.; Nannini, A.; Pasquali, G.; Poggi, G.; Cinausero, M.; Degerlier, M.; Gramegna, F.; Marchi, T.; Baiocco, G.; Bruno, M.; D'Agostino, M.; Morelli, L.; Vannini, G.; Ciemala, M.; Kmiecik, M.; Maj, A.; Mazurek, K.; Meczynski, W.; Myalski, S.; Ordine, A.

    2011-10-01

    Isospin mixing induced by Coulomb interaction has been measured in the compound nucleus Z = N = 40 80Zr at T˜2 MeV produced in a fusion-evaporation reaction. The observable sensitive to the isospin purity of the compound nucleus is the Giant Dipole Resonance γ decay. The degree of mixing of the compound nucleus has been obtained via Statistical Model analysis of the measured γ spectrum.

  16. Isospin dependence of balance energy in heavy-ion collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Kaur, Varinderjit; Kumar, Suneel

    2011-01-01

    Based on the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics (IQMD) picture, we attempt to understand the nature of transverse flow in $_{28}Ni^{58}+_{28}Ni^{58}$ and $_{26}Fe^{58}+_{26}Fe^{58}$ systems at wide range of energies and impact parameters. The isospin dependence of balance energy in transverse flow is clearly visible. The results are compared with the experimental data available.

  17. Nuclear superfluidity in isospin asymmetric matter within the Skyrme model

    OpenAIRE

    Aguirre, R.

    2013-01-01

    The phase diagram of the superfluid phase coupled to spin singlet (S=0) and isospin triplet (T=1) states in infinite nuclear matter is analyzed within the nonrelativistic Skyrme model. We use an approach that allows a unified and consistent treatment of the particle-hole and particle-particle channels. The gap equation is solved for the full range of accessible densities, isospin asymmetries, and temperatures. The characteristic features of each of the components Tz=0, +1, -1 are emphasized. ...

  18. Collective modes in strange and isospin asymmetric hadronic matter

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    We study the propagation of non-strange and strange meson modes in hadronic matter considering both isospin and strangeness mixings induced by quantum fluctuations in the medium. Baryons are described using the Quark Meson Coupling model extended to include interactions of strange quarks. In particular we evaluate the dependence of the meson masses on the baryonic density, the strangeness fraction and the isospin asymmetry of the medium. We have found a considerable admixture of strangeness a...

  19. Unusual Isospin-Breaking and Isospin-Mixing Effects in the A=35 Mirror Nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekman, J.; Rudolph, D.; Fahlander, C.; Zuker, A. P.; Bentley, M. A.; Lenzi, S. M.; Andreoiu, C.; Axiotis, M.; de Angelis, G.; Farnea, E.; Gadea, A.; Kröll, Th.; Mărginean, N.; Martinez, T.; Mineva, M. N.; Rossi-Alvarez, C.; Ur, C. A.

    2004-04-01

    Excited states have been studied in 35Ar following the 16O(24Mg,1α1n)35Ar fusion-evaporation reaction at 60MeV using the Ge-detector array GASP. A comparison with the mirror nucleus 35Cl shows two remarkable features: (i)A surprisingly large energy difference for the 13/2- states, in which the hitherto overlooked electromagnetic spin-orbit term is shown to play a major role, and (ii)a very different decay pattern for the 7/2- states, which provides direct evidence of isospin mixing.

  20. Mass and Isospin Effects in Multifragmentation

    CERN Document Server

    Sfienti, C; Aumann, T; Bacri, C O; Barczyk, T; Bassini, R; Boiano, C; Botvina, A S; Boudard, A; Brzychczyk, J; Chbihi, A; Cibor, J; Czech, B; De Napoli, M; Ducret, J E; Emling, H; Frankland, J; Hellström, M; Henzlova, D; Kezzar, K; Imme, G; Iori, I; Johansson, H; Lafriakh, A; Lefèvre, A; Le Gentil, E; Leifels, Y; Lynch, W G; Lühning, J; Lukasik, J; Lynen, U; Majka, Z; Mocko, M; Müller, W F J; Mykulyak, A; Orth, H; Otte, A N; Palit, R; Pullia, A; Raciti, G; Rapisarda, E; Sann, H; Schwarz, C; Simon, H; Sokolov, A; Sümmerer, K; Trautmann, W; Tsang, M B; Verde, G; Volant, C; Wallace, M; Weick, H; Wiechula, J; Wieloch, A; Zwieglinski, B

    2004-01-01

    A systematic study of isospin effects in the breakup of projectile spectators at relativistic energies has been performed with the ALADiN spectrometer at the GSI laboratory (Darmstadt). Four different projectiles 197Au, 124La, 124Sn and 107Sn, all with an incident energy of 600 AMeV, have been used, thus allowing a study of various combinations of masses and N/Z ratios in the entrance channel. The measurement of the momentum vector and of the charge of all projectile fragments with Z>1 entering the acceptance of the ALADiN magnet has been performed with the high efficiency and resolution achieved with the TP-MUSIC IV detector. The Rise and Fall behavior of the mean multiplicity of IMFs as a function of Zbound and its dependence on the isotopic composition has been determined for the studied systems. Other observables investigated so far include mean N/Z values of the emitted light fragments and neutron multiplicities. Qualitative agreement has been obtained between the observed gross properties and the predic...

  1. Mass and Isospin Effects in Multifragmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sfienti, C.; Adrich, P.; Aumann, T.; Bacri, C. O.; Barczyk, T.; Bassini, R.; Boiano, C.; Botvina, A. S.; Boudard, A.; Brzychczyk, J.; Chbihi, A.; Cibor, J.; Czech, B.; De Napoli, M.; Ducret, J.-E.; Emling, H.; Frankland, J.; Hellström, M.; Henzlova, D.; Kezzar, K.; Immé, G.; Iori, I.; Johansson, H.; Lafriakh, A.; Le Fèvre, A.; Le Gentil, E.; Leifels, Y.; Lynch, W. G.; Lühning, J.; Łukasik, J.; Lynen, U.; Majka, Z.; Mocko, M.; Müller, W. F. J.; Mykulyak, A.; Orth, H.; Otte, A. N.; Palit, R.; Pullia, A.; Raciti, G.; Rapisarda, E.; Sann, H.; Schwarz, C.; Simon, H.; Sokolov, A.; Sümmerer, K.; Trautmann, W.; Tsang, M. B.; Verde, G.; Volant, C.; Wallace, M.; Weick, H.; Wiechula, J.; Wieloch, A.; Zwieglinski, B.

    2005-03-01

    A systematic study of isospin effects in the breakup of projectile spectators at relativistic energies has been performed with the ALADiN spectrometer at the GSI laboratory (Darmstadt). Four different projectiles 197Au, 124La, 124Sn and 107Sn, all with an incident energy of 600 AMeV, have been used, thus allowing a study of various combinations of masses and N/Z ratios in the entrance channel. The measurement of the momentum vector and of the charge of all projectile fragments with Z > 1 entering the acceptance of the ALADiN magnet has been performed with the high efficiency and resolution achieved with the TP-MUSIC IV detector. The Rise and Fall behavior of the mean multiplicity of IMFs as a function of Zbound and its dependence on the isotopic composition has been determined for the studied systems. Other observables investigated so far include mean N/Z values of the emitted light fragments and neutron multiplicities. Qualitative agreement has been obtained between the observed gross properties and the predictions of the Statistical Multifragmentation Model.

  2. Dependence of fusion on isospin dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Godbey, K; Simenel, C

    2016-01-01

    We introduce a new microscopic approach to calculate the dependence of fusion barriers and cross-sections on isospin dynamics. The method is based on the time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory and the isoscalar and isovector properties of the energy density functional (EDF). The contribution to the fusion barriers originating from the isoscalar and isovector parts of the EDF is calculated. It is shown that for non-symmetric systems the isovector dynamics influence the sub-barrier fusion cross-sections. For most systems this results in an enhancement of the sub-barrier cross-sections, while for others we observe differing degrees of hindrance. We use this approach to provide an explanation of recently measured fusion cross sections which show a surprising enhancement at low $E_\\mathrm{c.m.}$ energies for the system $^{40}$Ca+$^{132}$Sn as compared to the more neutron-rich system $^{48}$Ca+$^{132}$Sn, and discuss the dependence of sub-barrier fusion cross-sections on transfer.

  3. [Tablet splitting].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinzler, R; Haefeli, W E

    2006-06-01

    The splitting of scored tablets provides many advantages. One benefit is to achieve dose flexibility to account for the huge interindividual differences in dose requirements for instance in paediatric and geriatric patients, which are often not covered by the available strengths in the market. Moreover, large-sized tablets can easier be swallowed if broken before swallowing and medication costs can often be reduced by splitting brands with higher strength. But not all tablets, mostly unscored tablets, are suitable for splitting. Splitting of extended release formulations can result in an overdose by uncontrolled release of the active component and degradation of the compound can occur if an enteric coating is destroyed by the splitting process. Whether tablets are suitable for splitting depends on the properties of the active component (e.g. light sensitivity), the galenics, the shape of the tablet, and the shape of the scoreline. Moreover, not all patients are informed, able, or willing to split tablets and the majority of the elderly population is not capable to break tablets. When split tablets are prescribed it is therefore important to view the shape of the tablet, to assess the patients ability and willingness to break tablets, to properly inform the patient about the appropriate way of splitting, and if necessary to suggest (and instruct) the use of a tablet splitting device.

  4. Search for isospin effects on nuclear level density

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucarelli F.

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the isospin dependence of the level density have been recently reported in the literature for nuclei with 20 ≤ A ≤ 110. Corrections to the level density have been deduced which would imply a significant reduction of this quantity for nuclei far from the valley of stability. Isospin effects on the level density are also expected through the symmetry energy contribution to the nuclear masses, which is predicted to increase with the temperature. According to these findings, we have implemented the statistical model in order to account for isospin effects on the level density parameter a and on the temperature-dependent symmetry energy. We present the results of calculations for the decay of a variety of neutron-rich composite systems. We found that isospin produces sizable eïňĂects on difierent observables, this result being promising for future experiments with the second generation RIB facilities SPES and SPIRAL2. We report the results of a first experiment aimed at searching for isospin effects in the decay of 139 Eu composite nuclei produced by a stable beam at E x =90 MeV.

  5. Isospin effect on pre-scission particle emission

    CERN Document Server

    Ye Wei

    2003-01-01

    The isospin effect of particle emission for fissioning isobaric sources of sup 2 sup 1 sup 2 Tl, sup 2 sup 1 sup 2 Po and sup 2 sup 1 sup 2 Fr and for isotopic sources of sup 1 sup 8 sup 9 sup , sup 2 sup 0 sup 2 sup , sup 2 sup 1 sup 2 Po are explored in the framework of the Smoluchowski equation. The multiplicity of emitted particles shows a strong dependence on the isospin of the fission sources. Similar results are also observed for light fissioning isobaric sources of sup 1 sup 1 sup 0 Tc, sup 1 sup 1 sup 0 Pd and sup 1 sup 1 sup 0 In and for isotopic sources of sup 1 sup 1 sup 0 sup , sup 1 sup 1 sup 7 sup , sup 1 sup 2 sup 4 In. This indicates that the effect of isospin on the emission of particles is independent of the size of the fissioning system. It has been found with the increase of the isospin of heavy fissioning systems, the emission of charged particles is not sensitive to the viscosity strength. In addition, an Er isotopic chain is used to study the effects of isospin on pre-scission particle...

  6. ISOSPIN BREAKING AND THE CHIRAL CONDENSATE.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    CREUTZ, M.

    2005-07-25

    With two degenerate quarks, the chiral condensate exhibits a jump as the quark masses pass through zero. I discuss how this single transition splits into two Ising like transitions when the quarks are made non-degenerate. The order parameter is the expectation of the neutral pion field. The transitions represent long distance coherent phenomena occurring without the Dirac operator having vanishingly small eigenvalues.

  7. Advanced Technology Development Program for Lithium-Ion Batteries: Gen 2 GDR Performance Evaluation Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jon P. Christophersen; Chinh D. Ho; Gary L. Henriksen; David Howell

    2006-07-01

    The Advanced Technology Development Program has completed the performance evaluation of the second generation of lithium-ion cells (i.e., Gen 2 cells). This report documents the testing and analysis of the Gen 2 GDR cells, which were used to learn and debug the newly developed Technology Life Verification Test Manual. The purpose of the manual is to project a 15-year, 150,000 mile battery life capability with a 90% confidence interval using predictive models and short-term testing. The GDR cells were divided into two different matrices. The core-life test matrix consisted of calendar- and cycle-life cells with various changes to the four major acceleration factors (temperature, state-of-charge, throughput, and power rating). The supplemental-life test matrix consisted of cells subjected either to a path dependence study, or a comparison between the standard hybrid pulse power characterization test and the newly-developed minimum pulse power characterization test. Resistance and capacity results are reported.

  8. The effect of isospin violation on scalar meson production

    CERN Document Server

    Hanhart, C; Peláez, J R

    2007-01-01

    We investigate the isospin-violating mixing of the light scalar mesons a0(980) and f0(980) within the unitarized chiral approach. Isospin-violating effects are considered to leading order in the quark mass difference and electromagnetism. In this approach both resonances are generated through meson-meson dynamics. Our results provide a description of the mixing phenomenon within a framework consistent with chiral symmetry and unitarity, where these resonances are not predominantly quark-antiquark states. We discuss in detail the reactions J/Psi to phi S, where S denotes a suitable pair of pseudo--scalar mesons in the scalar channel, namely pi0 eta, K+K-, and K0 \\bar K^0. In this work predictions for the cross section in the kaon channels are given for the first time with isospin violating effects included.

  9. The reactive transport benchmark proposed by GdR MoMaS: presentation and first results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carrayrou, J. [Institut de Mecanique des Fluides et des Solides, UMR ULP-CNRS 7507, 67 - Strasbourg (France); Lagneau, V. [Ecole des Mines de Paris, Centre de Geosciences, 77 - Fontainebleau (France)

    2007-07-01

    We present here the actual context of reactive transport modelling and the major numerical challenges. GdR MoMaS proposes a benchmark on reactive transport. We present this benchmark and some results obtained on it by two reactive transport codes HYTEC and SPECY. (authors)

  10. [AS-1L - a newly discovered strain of Cyanophage AS-1 in GDR].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorjusin, V A; Stenz, E; Averkiev, A A

    1982-01-01

    In samples, taken from waters in the surroundings of Leipzig (GDR) in 1978, we found cyanophages in Central Europe for the first time. Among other cyanophages we isolated the new strain AS-1L. Out of 20 tested cultures of unicellular cyanobacteria seven strains belonging to the genus Synechococcus proved to be susceptible for this cyanophage. In morphology AS-1L corresponds to the cyanophage AS-1 found in the U.S.A., to which it is related serologically, too. AS-1L differs from the other strains of AS-1 by a shorter growth cycle, especially a shorter latent period, by the kinetics of inactivation by antiserum, and by a somewhat narrower pH scope of stability. Consequently the isolated cyanophage is to be looked at as a new strain of the cyanophage AS-1.

  11. Quark mass and isospin dependence of the deconfining critical temperature

    CERN Document Server

    Fraga, E S; Villavicencio, C

    2008-01-01

    We propose a phenomenological framework to investigate the thermodynamics of strongly interacting matter which incorporates explicit dependence on quark masses, isospin and baryonic chemical potentials for the case of two flavors. In the low-energy sector, the system is described by a minimal chiral perturbation theory effective action, corresponding to a hot gas of pion quasiparticles and heavy nucleons. For the high-temperature sector we adopt a simple extension of the fuzzy bag model. Despite the simplicity of the setting, our findings for the critical temperature dependence on the pion mass and on the isospin chemical potential are in remarkably good agreement with lattice data. We also discuss the effects of mass asymmetry and baryon chemical potential.

  12. Weakly bound states with spin-isospin symmetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kievsky, A.; Gattobigio, M.

    2016-03-01

    We discuss weakly bound states of a few-fermion system having spin-isospin symmetry. This corresponds to the nuclear physics case in which the singlet, a0, and triplet, a1, n - p scattering lengths are large with respect to the range of the nuclear interaction. The ratio of the two is about a0/a1 ≈ -4.31. This value defines a plane in which a0 and a1 can be varied up to the unitary limit, 1/a0 = 0 and 1/a1 = 0, maintaining its ratio fixed. Using a spin dependant potential model we estimate the three-nucleon binding energy along that plane. This analysis can be considered an extension of the Efimov plot for three bosons to the case of three 1/2-spin-isospin fermions.

  13. Weakly bound states with spin-isospin symmetry

    CERN Document Server

    Kievsky, A

    2015-01-01

    We discuss weakly bound states of a few-fermion system having spin-isospin symmetry. This corresponds to the nuclear physics case in which the singlet, $a_0$, and triplet, $a_1$, $n-p$ scattering lengths are large with respect to the range of the nuclear interaction. The ratio of the two is about $a_0/a_1\\approx-4.31$. This value defines a plane in which $a_0$ and $a_1$ can be varied up to the unitary limit, $1/a_0=0$ and $1/a_1=0$, maintaining its ratio fixed. Using a spin dependant potential model we estimate the three-nucleon binding energy along that plane. This analysis can be considered an extension of the Efimov plot for three bosons to the case of three $1/2$-spin-isospin fermions.

  14. Weakly bound states with spin-isospin symmetry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kievsky A.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We discuss weakly bound states of a few-fermion system having spin-isospin symmetry. This corresponds to the nuclear physics case in which the singlet, a0, and triplet, a1, n − p scattering lengths are large with respect to the range of the nuclear interaction. The ratio of the two is about a0/a1 ≈ −4.31. This value defines a plane in which a0 and a1 can be varied up to the unitary limit, 1/a0 = 0 and 1/a1 = 0, maintaining its ratio fixed. Using a spin dependant potential model we estimate the three-nucleon binding energy along that plane. This analysis can be considered an extension of the Efimov plot for three bosons to the case of three 1/2-spin-isospin fermions.

  15. Isospin constraints from/on B->pipi

    CERN Document Server

    Pivk, M; Pivk, Muriel; Diberder, Francois R. Le

    2004-01-01

    The Standard Model constraints on alpha which can be derived from the B-> pipi decays are revisited in some depth. As experimental inputs, the three branching ratios, the two CP parameters Spipi and Cpipi and/or the value of alpha as determined by the global CKM fit are used. The constraints discussed here are model independent in the sense that they rely only on Isospin symmetry, following the Gronau-London proposal. A new bound on B00 and the function C00(B00) are introduced. The Grossman-Quinn bound is rediscussed. A close form expression is given for alpha as a function of the measurements. Various scenarii for the future of the isospin analysis are explored. To probe the Standard Model the (B00,C00) plane is introduced.

  16. Phase transition with an isospin dependent lattice gas model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gulminelli, F. [Caen Univ., 14 (France). Lab. de Physique Corpusculaire; Chomaz, Ph. [Grand Accelerateur National d`Ions Lourds (GANIL), 14 - Caen (France)

    1998-10-01

    The nuclear liquid-gas phase transition is studied within an isospin dependent Lattice Gas Model in the canonical ensemble. Finite size effects on thermodynamical variables are analyzed by a direct calculation of the partition function, and it is shown that phase coexistence and phase transition are relevant concepts even for systems of a few tens of particles. Critical exponents are extracted from the behaviour of the fragment production yield as a function of temperature by means of a finite size scaling. The result is that in a finite system well defined critical signals can be found at supercritical (Kertesz line) as well as subcritical densities. For isospin asymmetric systems it is shown that, besides the modification of the critical temperature, isotopic distributions can provide an extra observable to identify and characterize the transition. (author) 21 refs.

  17. Isospin mixing at finite temperature in 80Zr

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corsi, A.; Bracco, A.; Camera, F.; Crespi, F. C. L.; Giaz, A.; Leoni, S.; Montanari, D.; Nicolini, R.; Vandone, V.; Wieland, O.; Benzoni, G.; Blasi, N.; Brambilla, S.; Million, B.; Kravchuk, V. L.; Cinausero, M.; Degerlier, M.; Gramegna, F.; Marchi, T.; Barlini, S.; Bardelli, L.; Bini, M.; Casini, G.; Nannini, A.; Pasquali, G.; Poggi, G.; Baiocco, G.; Bruno, M.; D'Agostino, M.; Morelli, L.; Vannini, G.; Ciemala, M.; Kmiecik, M.; Maj, A.; Mazurek, K.; Meczynski, W.; Myalski, S.

    2012-09-01

    The degree of isospin mixing in the hot compound nucleus 80Zr has been extracted by statistical-model analysis of the γ-decay spectrum emitted in fusion reactions 40Ca+40Ca at Ebeam = 200 MeV and 37Cl+44Ca at Ebeam = 153 MeV. In the case of 40Ca+40Ca reaction an hindrance of first-step γ-decay is expected because in self-conjugate nuclei the E1 selection rules forbid the decay between states with isospin I=0. The results obtained at finite temperature (T ~ 2 MeV) have been used to extrapolate the degree of mixing at zero temperature

  18. Relativistic Spin-Isospin Dependent Response Function of Nucleus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Liang-Gang; CHEN Wei; AI Bao-Quan; ZHENG Xiao-Ping; Masahiro Nakano

    2000-01-01

    A full relativistic formalism is employed to derive the relativistic particle-hole and delta-hole excitation polariza tion insertion of pion propagator in nuclear matter. The spin-isospin-dependent response function of nucleus at high energy-momentum transfer is calculated with the nuclear matter approximation. The short range correlation effect, two-nucleon absorption and nucleus form factor effects are included in the calculation. The position and width of the resonance peak of the spin-isospin mode are reproduced and found to be coincident with experiment data. The position of the peak and its width is sensitive to Landau-Migdal parameter g' which is about 0.6.

  19. Spin-isospin selectivity in three-nucleon forces

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mardanpour, H.; Amir-Ahmadi, H.R.; Benard, R. [KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Biegun, A. [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Katowice (Poland); KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Eslami-Kalantari, M. [KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Yazd University, Yazd (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Joulaeizadeh, L.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Kis, M. [KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Kistryn, St. [Institute of Physics, Jagellonian University, Krakow (Poland); Kozela, A. [Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Krakow (Poland); Kuboki, H.; Maeda, Y. [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan); Mahjour-Shafiei, M. [KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Department of Physics, University of Tehran, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Messchendorp, J.G., E-mail: messchendorp@kvi.n [KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Miki, K.; Noji, S. [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan); Ramazani-Moghaddam-Arani, A. [KVI, University of Groningen, Groningen (Netherlands); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Sakai, H.; Sasano, M. [Department of Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan); Sekiguchi, K. [RIKEN, Tokyo (Japan)

    2010-04-12

    Precision data are presented for the break-up reaction, {sup 2}H(p{sup -}>,pp)n, within the framework of nuclear-force studies. The experiment was carried out at KVI using a polarized-proton beam of 190 MeV impinging on a liquid-deuterium target and by exploiting the detector, BINA. Some of the vector-analyzing powers are presented and compared with state-of-the-art Faddeev calculations including three-nucleon forces effect. Significant discrepancies between the data and theoretical predictions were observed for kinematical configurations which correspond to the {sup 2}H(p{sup -}>,{sup 2}He)n channel. These results are compared to the {sup 2}H(p{sup -}>,d)p reaction to test the isospin sensitivity of the present three-nucleon force models. The current modeling of two and three-nucleon forces is not sufficient to describe consistently polarization data for both isospin states.

  20. Spin-isospin selectivity in three-nucleon forces

    CERN Document Server

    Mardanpour, H; Benard, R; Biegun, A; Eslami-Kalantari, M; Joulaeizadeh, L; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kiš, M; Kistryn, St; Kozela, A; Kuboki, H; Maeda, Y; Mahjour-Shafiei, M; Messchendorp, J G; Miki, K; Noji, S; Ramazani-Moghaddam-Arani, A; Sakai, H; Sasano, M; Sekiguchi, K; Stephan, E; Sworst, R; Takahashi, Y; Yako, K

    2009-01-01

    Precision data are presented for the break-up reaction, $^2{\\rm H}(\\vec p,pp)n$, within the framework of nuclear-force studies. The experiment was carried out at KVI using a polarized-proton beam of 190 MeV impinging on a liquid-deuterium target and by exploiting the detector, BINA. Some of the vector-analyzing powers are presented and compared with state-of-the-art Faddeev calculations including three-nucleon forces effect. Significant discrepancies between the data and theoretical predictions were observed for kinematical configurations which correspond to the $^2{\\rm H}(\\vec p,^2$He$)n$ channel. These results are compared to the $^2{\\rm H}(\\vec p,d)p$ reaction to test the isospin sensitivity of the present three-nucleon force models. The current modeling of two and three-nucleon forces is not sufficient to describe consistently polarization data for both isospin states.

  1. Isospin effects in elastic proton-nucleus scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinn, C. R.; Elster, Ch.; Thaler, R. M.

    1993-05-01

    Isovector effects in proton-nucleus elastic scattering at medium energies are studied. The accuracy of the Kerman-McManus-Thaler isospin averaging procedure is found to be very good for nuclei larger than 4He. Studies of 40Ca and 208Pb suggest that the surface neutrons may be pulled in somewhat relative to the protons, although uncertainties in the detailed applicability of the present truncation of the multiple scattering treatment render firm conclusions premature.

  2. Isospin effects in elastic proton-nucleus scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chinn, C.R. (Service de Physique et Techniques Nucleaires, Centre d' Etudes de Bruyeres-le-Chatel, B.P. No. 12, 91680 Bruyeres-le-Chatel (France)); Elster, C. (Institute of Nuclear and Particle Physics and Department of Physics, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio 45701 (United States)); Thaler, R.M. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States) Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106 (United States))

    1993-05-01

    Isovector effects in proton-nucleus elastic scattering at medium energies are studied. The accuracy of the Kerman-McManus-Thaler isospin averaging procedure is found to be very good for nuclei larger than [sup 4]He. Studies of [sup 40]Ca and [sup 208]Pb suggest that the surface neutrons may be pulled in somewhat relative to the protons, although uncertainties in the detailed applicability of the present truncation of the multiple scattering treatment render firm conclusions premature.

  3. The Quest for Regime Legitimacy and Stability in the GDR (German Democratic Republic): The Determinant of Policy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    the new Social Democrats under Chancellor Willy Brandt came to power in the FRG in 1969, a willingness to normalize relations with the Soviet Union... Brandt and the West German leadership in 1969? The answers possibly lie in the prerequisites demanded by the GDR leadership before normal relations...Soviet Intervention in Czechoslovakia. 1968: Anatomy of a Decision. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1979. Wettigp. Gerhard . Communism and

  4. Isospin Symmetry of Transitions Probed by Weak and Strong Interactions

    CERN Multimedia

    Roeckl, E

    2002-01-01

    Under the assumption that isospin is a good quantum number, isospin symmetry is expected for the transitions from the ground states of the pair of T = 1, T$_{z}$ = $\\pm$ 1 nuclei to excited states of the T = 0 nucleus situated in between the pair. In order to study the isospin symmetry of these transitions, we propose to perform an accurate comparison of Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions for the A = 58 system. This system is the heaviest for which such a comparison is possible. The $^{58}$Ni(T$_{z}$ = 1 ) $\\rightarrow^{58}$Cu(T$_{z}$ = 0 ) GT transitions are presently studied by using high-resolution charge exchange reaction at RNCP Osaka, while those of $^{58}$Zn(T$_{z}$ = -1) $\\rightarrow^{58}$Cu will be investigated in the $\\beta$-decay study at ISOLDE. Due to the large $Q\\scriptstyle_\\textrm{EC}$-value of $^{58}$Zn, GT transitions can be observed up to high excitation energies in $^{58}$Cu. In order to reach this goal, it is proposed to measure $\\beta$-delayed protons and $\\gamma$-rays by using a dedicated de...

  5. Nuclear isospin mixing and elastic parity-violating electron scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreno, O. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Sarriguren, P. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain)], E-mail: sarriguren@iem.cfmac.csic.es; Moya de Guerra, E.; Udias, J.M. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain); Donnelly, T.W. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Sick, I. [Departement fuer Physik, Universitaet Basel, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)

    2009-09-15

    The influence of nuclear isospin mixing on parity-violating elastic electron scattering is studied for the even-even, N=Z nuclei {sup 12}C, {sup 24}Mg, {sup 28}Si, and {sup 32}S. Their ground-state wave functions have been obtained using a self-consistent axially-symmetric mean-field approximation with density-dependent effective two-body Skyrme interactions. Some differences from previous shell-model calculations appear for the isovector Coulomb form factors which play a role in determining the parity-violating asymmetry. To gain an understanding of how these differences arise, the results have been expanded in a spherical harmonic oscillator basis. Results are obtained not only within the plane-wave Born approximation, but also using the distorted-wave Born approximation for comparison with potential future experimental studies of parity-violating electron scattering. To this end, for each nucleus the focus is placed on kinematic ranges where the signal (isospin-mixing effects on the parity-violating asymmetry) and the experimental figure-of-merit are maximized. Strangeness contributions to the asymmetry are also briefly discussed, since they and the isospin mixing contributions may play comparable roles for the nuclei being studied at the low momentum transfers of interest in the present work.

  6. Isospin dynamics on neck fragmentation in isotopic nuclear reactions

    CERN Document Server

    Feng, Zhao-Qing

    2016-01-01

    The neck dynamics in Fermi-energy heavy-ion collisions, to probe the nuclear symmetry energy in the domain of sub-saturation densities, is investigated within an isospin dependent transport model. The single and double ratios of neutron/proton from free nucleons and light clusters (complex particles) in the isotopic reactions are analyzed systematically. Isospin effects of particles produced from the neck fragmentations are explored, which are constrained within the midrapidities ($|y/y_{proj}|<$0.3) and azimuthal angles (70$^{o}\\sim$110$^{o}$, 250$^{o}\\sim$290$^{o}$) in semiperipheral nuclear collisions. It is found that the ratios of the energetic isospin particles strongly depend on the stiffness of nuclear symmetry energy and the effects increase with softening the symmetry energy, which would be a nice probe for extracting the symmetry energy below the normal density in experimentally. A flat structure appears at the tail spectra from the double ratio distributions. The neutron to proton ratio of ligh...

  7. The role of isospin in fusion evaporation reactions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Di Nitto, A; Brondi, A; La Rana, G; Moro, R; Nadtochy, P N; Vardaci, E [Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita di Napoli Federico II and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Complesso Universitario di Monte S. Angelo, Via Cintia, I-80126 Napoli (Italy); Gelli, N [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare Sezione di Firenze, Via G. Sansone 1-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy); Cinausero, M; Prete, G, E-mail: dinitto@na.infn.it [Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro, Viale dell' Universita 2-35020 Legnaro (Italy)

    2011-01-01

    The isospin dependence of the level density, both through the level density parameter and the symmetry energy contribution has been evaluated. The effects on the most relevant observables in fusion evaporation reactions have been estimated by using the statistical model. We present here the results for the {sup 134}Sn +{sup 4} He reaction, whose measurement will be possible with the second generation RIB facilities SPES and SPIRAL2. Sizeable effects are predicted on the light particle energy spectra and multiplicities and evaporation residue distribution. In particular, the measure of evaporation residue yields and light particle multiplicities are expected to unfold the two effects. In addition, the same calculations have been carried out for reactions induced by stable beams, in order to search for clues of isospin effects. In this case, the direct comparison of the experimental light charged particle energy spectra for the two reactions {sup 7}Li+{sup 58,64}Ni at the same excitation energy and angular momentum, is proposed as a good approach to observe isospin effects.

  8. Flora and vegetation on dumps of uranium mining in the southern part of the former GDR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartmut Sänger

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available From 1946 to 1990 an intensive uranium mining had been carried out with underground mining and also with opencast mining by the Wismut enterprise in the southern part of the former GDR. The mining activity lead also in the surroundings of Ronneburg to a permanent growth of devastated areas, among others in the form of dumps and tailings. These areas form by reason of mining-specific contaminations, extrem biotops which demand high claims on the pioneer organisms during the phase of natural first settlement. From 1990 to 1992 vegetation mappings were carried out on 15 dumps of the Thuringia mining area according to Braun-Blanquet (1964. The utilization of the computer programm Flora _D (Frank and Klotz 1990 enabled the ecological characterisation of the dumps. On the 15 investigated dumps found were 498 higher plants, belonging to 65 families. One hundred species are species with a high dominance. The number of species per dump fluctuates between 1 I and 282. Pioneer plants occur on the berms mostly in the second year after stoppage of the dumping, on the slopes after five to ten years. After nearly ten years the first step of settlement seems to be finished. Among the mechanisms of spreading dominate wind- and burdock spread. According to the form of life forms the dump species are predominantly hemicryptophytes, further therophytes, geophytes and phanerophytes.

  9. [Psychiatric disorders caused by global social change. Traumatization among the inhabitants of the former GDR].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frommer, J

    2002-08-01

    More than a decennium after the reunion of East and West Germany, the psychological sequelae of traumatic experiences of East Germans are still evident. There were not only about 300 000 people imprisoned for political reasons in the German Democratic Republic between 1945 and 1989, partly exposed to physical and psychological torture, but also much more people subject of subthreshold traumatic experiences by harassment in public and private life. As a result, under a psychiatric perspective it should be taken into account not only specific post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD), characterized by relieving of the traumata in intrusive flashbacks, avoidance of circumstances associated with the traumatic experiences, and increased psychological sensitivity and arousal, but also specific Adjustment disorders, or cultural shocks: many people of the former GDR had to deal with adjustment difficulties of different types to the new cultural environment after the reunion, which could be characterized as becoming intimate with post-modern Western culture within a process of identity development. This process encloses different phases or stages discussed under psychopathologic and psychodynamic perspective.

  10. Roles of Isospin in Evaporation Residue Cross Section as a Probe of Nuclear Dissipation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JIA Wen-Zhi; CHEN Na; WANG Shun-Jin; YE Wei

    2008-01-01

    The influence of isospin on the excess of evaporation residue cross section over its standard statistical-model value for nuclei 194Pb, 200pb, and 206pb is studied via a Langevin equation coupled with a statistical decay model. The magnitude of this excess for a low-isospin fissioning nucleus is shown to be larger and its dependence on the nuclear viscosity coefficient to be stronger than those of a high-isospin fissioning nucleus. These results suggest that to obtain a more accurate information of viscosity coefficient inside the saddle point by measuring evaporation residue cross sections, we had better choose those compound systems with small isospin.

  11. Splitting Descartes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schilhab, Theresa

    2007-01-01

    Kognition og Pædagogik vol. 48:10-18. 2003 Short description : The cognitivistic paradigm and Descartes' view of embodied knowledge. Abstract: That the philosopher Descartes separated the mind from the body is hardly news: He did it so effectively that his name is forever tied to that division....... But what exactly is Descartes' point? How does the Kartesian split hold up to recent biologically based learning theories?...

  12. Meson effective mass in the isospin medium in hard-wall AdS/QCD model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mamedov, Shahin [Gazi University, Department of Physics, Ankara (Turkey); Baku State University, Institute for Physical Problems, Baku (Azerbaijan); Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Institute of Physics, Baku (Azerbaijan)

    2016-02-15

    We study a mass splitting of the light vector, axial-vector, and pseudoscalar mesons in the isospin medium in the framework of the hard-wall model. We write an effective mass definition for the interacting gauge fields and scalar field introduced in gauge field theory in the bulk of AdS space-time. Relying on holographic duality we obtain a formula for the effective mass of a boundary meson in terms of derivative operator over the extra bulk coordinate. The effective mass found in this way coincides with the one obtained from finding of poles of the two-point correlation function. In order to avoid introducing distinguished infrared boundaries in the quantization formula for the different mesons from the same isotriplet we introduce extra action terms at this boundary, which reduces distinguished values of this boundary to the same value. Profile function solutions and effective mass expressions were found for the in-medium ρ, a{sub 1}, an π mesons. (orig.)

  13. Isospin odd @pK scattering length [rapid communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweizer, J.

    2005-10-01

    We make use of the chiral two-loop representation of the πK scattering amplitude [J. Bijnens, P. Dhonte, P. Talavera, JHEP 0405 (2004) 036] to investigate the isospin odd scattering length at next-to-next-to-leading order in the SU (3) expansion. This scattering length is protected against contributions of ms in the chiral expansion, in the sense that the corrections to the current algebra result are of order Mπ2. In view of the planned lifetime measurement on πK atoms at CERN it is important to understand the size of these corrections.

  14. Isospin symmetry violation, meson production and -nucleus interaction studies

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    B J Roy; V Jha; A Chatterje; H Machner; GEM Collaboration

    2006-05-01

    We have studied isospin symmetry violation in nuclear reactions by measuring simultaneously the cross-section of the following two reactions + → 3H + and + → 3He 0. The experiment was perfomed at the cooler synchrotron accelerator. COSY, Jülich at several beam energies close to the corresponding production threshold. We also have ongoing programmes on -nucleus final-state interaction studies via + 6Li → 7Be + reactions, high resolution search for dibaryonic resonances and lambda-proton final state interaction studies. The experimental details and results obtained so far are presented here.

  15. Isospin Invariance and the Vacuum Polarization Energy of Cosmic Strings

    CERN Document Server

    Weigel, H; Graham, N

    2016-01-01

    We corroborate the previously applied spectral approach to compute the vacuum polarization energy of string configurations in models similar to the standard model of particle physics. The central observation underlying this corroboration is the existence of a particular global isospin transformation of the string configuration. Under this transformation the single particle energies of the quantum fluctuations are invariant, while the inevitable implementation of regularization and renormalization requires operations that are not invariant. We verify numerically that all such variances eventually cancel, and that the vacuum polarization energy obtained in the spectral approach is indeed gauge invariant.

  16. Dependence on Spin and Isospin of Short-Range Nuclear Forces in Modified OPEG

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamagaki, R.; Takatsuka, T.

    2001-06-01

    Dependence on spin and isospin of nucleon-nucleon potentials at small inernucleon distances is studied by observing the operator forms deduced from two modified versions of OPEG potentials with the OPEP-tail and Gaussian core terms. A significant difference between their spin- and isospin-dependent features in the core region is noted.

  17. Thermodynamics of (2+1)-flavor strongly interacting matter at nonzero isospin

    CERN Document Server

    Stiele, Rainer; Schaffner-Bielich, Juergen

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the phase structure of strongly interacting matter at non-vanishing isospin before the onset of pion condensation in the framework of the Polyakov-Quark-Meson model with 2+1 quark flavors. We find a decrease of the pseudo-critical temperature with the isospin chemical potential qualitatively in line with recent lattice data for two flavors. The impact of the pion mass on the curvature of the phase transition line is also discussed. We show results for all relevant thermodynamic quantities. In particular, we obtain a moderate change of the pressure with isospin at vanishing baryon chemical potential, whereas the chiral condensate decreases more appreciably. The three-dimensional (T-mu_quark-mu_isospin) phase diagram exhibits a small first-order surface for large mu_quark and small mu_isospin.

  18. Isospin dependence of nucleon effective masses in neutron-rich matter

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Bao-An; Chen, Lie-Wen; Li, Xiao-Hua

    2016-01-01

    In this talk, we first briefly review the isospin dependence of the total nucleon effective mass $M^{\\ast}_{J}$ inferred from analyzing nucleon-nucleus scattering data within an isospin dependent non-relativistic optical potential model, and the isospin dependence of the nucleon E-mass $M^{\\ast,\\rm{E}}_{J}$ obtained from applying the Migdal-Luttinger theorem to a phenomenological single-nucleon momentum distribution in nuclei constrained by recent electron-nucleus scattering experiments. Combining information about the isospin dependence of both the nucleon total effective mass and E-mass, we then infer the isospin dependence of nucleon k-mass using the well-known relation $M^{\\ast}_{J}=M^{\\ast,\\rm{E}}_{J}\\cdot M^{\\ast,\\rm{k}}_{J}$. Implications of the results on the nucleon mean free path (MFP) in neutron-rich matter are discussed.

  19. [The Karl-Sudhoff-Institute in Leipzig and the academic discipline history of medicine in the GDR].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kästner, Ingrid

    2014-01-01

    Developmental trends, focus of research and the methods by which work in the field of the History of Medicine was organised in the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) is presented through the example of the Karl Sudhoff Institute in Leipzig, the largest Institute for the study of the History of Medicine in the GDR. The article follows the succession of the Directors, and includes, in addition to descriptions of research and publishing activities, appendices on the work of the Society for the History of Medicine in the German Democratic Republic as well as the historical medical collections.

  20. Schriftstellerinnen der DDR und feministisches Bewußtsein im Staatssozialismus GDR Women Authors and Feminist Consciousness During State Socialism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Kaufmann

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Seit den 1960er Jahren produzierten Schriftstellerinnen in der DDR wie Christa Wolf, Irmtraud Morgner, Sarah Kirsch, Brigitte Reimann, Charlotte Worgitzky, Lia Pirskawetz, und Maya Wiens eine vielfältige Literatur zu frauenrelevanten Themen. Den Obertitel „The Promised Land“ (das gelobte Land hat Lorna Martens Irmtraud Morgner entlehnt, der Autorin, die sie neben Christa Wolf als wichtigste Zeugin für „feminist writing“ in der DDR betrachtet. In Morgners Roman Leben und Abenteuer der Trobadora Beatriz steht der Begriff „gelobtes Land“ bezogen auf die DDR in einem ironischen Zusammenhang. Mit simplem Jaja oder Neinnein ist diesem „Ort des Wunderbaren“ (Morgner nicht beizukommen. Vergleichbares signalisiert auch das Fragezeichen, das Martens hinter den Begriff „Promised Land“ setzt. Der anspielungsreiche Verweis auf das Land erscheint auch insofern nützlich, als die Eigenart feministischen Schreibens genauer zu fassen ist, wenn über das Land selbst, namentlich seine Frauenpolitik, Auskünfte gegeben werden. Lorna Martens möchte herausfinden, wie Schriftstellerinnen in der DDR feministisches Bewusstsein artikuliert haben, d.h. feministisches Bewusstsein unter den vom Staatssozialismus geschaffenen Bedingungen.From the 1960s on, women writers in the German Democratic Republic (GDR, including Christa Wolf, Irmtraud Morgner, Sarah Kirsch, Brigitte Reimann, Charlotte Worgitzky, Lia Pirskawetz, and Maya Wiens, produced a large body of writing on women’s issues. Martens wants to investigate how these women authors in the GDR have articulated their feminist consciousness under the conditions of state socialism. Martens’ use of the title The Promised Land is an allusion to a book by Irmtraud Morgner, an author whom, along with Christa Wolf, Martens considers one of the most important witnesses of feminist writing in the GDR. In Morgner’s book The Life and Adventures of Troubadour Beatriz the term “promised land” is being

  1. Cultural policy of sed in popularization of progress of USSR in GDR and role of mass media in culture of Eastern German in the seventies

    OpenAIRE

    Nefedov, V.

    2011-01-01

    Nefedov V. V. use materials from Archives foreign policy of the RF and study a question on cultural policy of the SED in the popularization of progress of the USSR in the GDR. Author show role of the mass media in the cultureof the Eastern German in the seventies.Author conclude, in the GDR it was «eastern-germanpatriotism», republic have a advanced culture and «inner emigration». Author as a source of information use materials his conversation with cultural workers.

  2. Isospin Effect on Nuclear Stopping in Intermediate Energy Heavy Ion Collisions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    By using the isospin dependent quantum molecular dynamics model (IQMD), we study the dependence of nuclear stopping Qzz/A and R in intermediate energy heavy ion collisions on system size, initial N/Z, isospin symmetry potential and the medium correction of two-body cross sections. We find the effect of initial N/Z ratio, isospin symmetry potential on stopping is weak. The excitation function of Qzz/A and R depends on the form of medium correction of two-body cross sections and the equation of state of nuclear matter (EOS). Our results show the behavior of the excitation function of Qzz/A and

  3. Study of isospin nonconservation in the framework of spectral distribution theory

    CERN Document Server

    Kar, Kamales

    2014-01-01

    The observed isospin-symmetry breaking in light nuclei are caused not only by the Coulomb interaction but by the isovector one and two body plus isotensor two body nuclear interactions as well. Spectral distribution theory which treats nuclear spectroscopy and other structural properties in a statistical framework was earlier applied to isospin conserving Hamiltonians only. In this paper we extend that to include the nuclear interactions non-scalar in isospin and work out examples in sd shell to calculate the linear term in the isobaric mass-multiplet equation originating from these non-scalar parts.

  4. Study of isospin nonconservation in the framework of spectral distribution theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kar, Kamales; Sarkar, Sukhendusekhar

    2015-05-01

    The observed isospin-symmetry breaking in light nuclei are caused not only by the Coulomb interaction but also by the isovector one- and two-body plus isotensor two- body nuclear interactions. Spectral distribution theory, which treats nuclear spectroscopy and other structural properties in a statistical framework, has been applied mostly to isospin conserving Hamiltonians. In this paper we extend that to include the nuclear interactions non-scalar in isospin and work out examples in the sd shell to calculate the linear term in the isobaric mass-multiplet equation originating from these non-isoscalar parts.

  5. Isospin effects in {sup 40,48}Ca+{sup 40,48}Ca collisions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henzl, V., E-mail: henzl@mit.ed [MSU-NSCL, 1 Cyclotron, East Lansing MI, 48824 (United States); Henzlova, D.; Kilburn, M. [MSU-NSCL, 1 Cyclotron, East Lansing MI, 48824 (United States); Verde, G. [INFN, Sezione di Catania. 64 Via S. Sofia, I-95123, Catania (Italy); Brown, D. [MSU-NSCL, 1 Cyclotron, East Lansing MI, 48824 (United States); Chbihi, A. [GANIL, CEA et IN2P3-CNRS, B.P. 5027, F-14076 Caen Cedex (France); Coupland, D. [MSU-NSCL, 1 Cyclotron, East Lansing MI, 48824 (United States); Elson, J. [Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Famiano, M. [Western Michigan University, 2229 Everett Tower, Kalamazoo, MI 49008-5252 (United States); Herlitzius, C. [MSU-NSCL, 1 Cyclotron, East Lansing MI, 48824 (United States); Hudan, S. [Indiana Univ. Cyclotron Facility, 2401 Milo B. Sampson Lane, Bloomington, IN 47405-4001 (United States); Lee, J.; Lukyanov, S.; Lynch, W.; Rogers, A.; Sanetullaev, A. [MSU-NSCL, 1 Cyclotron, East Lansing MI, 48824 (United States); Sobotka, L. [Departments of Chemistry and Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130 (United States); Souza, R.T. de [Indiana Univ. Cyclotron Facility, 2401 Milo B. Sampson Lane, Bloomington, IN 47405-4001 (United States); Sun, Z.Y.; Tsang, B. [MSU-NSCL, 1 Cyclotron, East Lansing MI, 48824 (United States)

    2010-03-01

    The isospin dependence of two proton correlations is studied in {sup 40}Ca+{sup 40}Ca and {sup 48}Ca+{sup 48}Ca collisions at E/A=80MeV. Measurements were performed with the HiRA detector array complemented by the 4pi Ball at NSCL. We observe a strong isospin dependence of the pp-correlation functions; however the emitting source radius extracted using the imaging technique yields no sensitivity to the isospin of the reaction system. We interpret this result as a consequence of smaller fraction of fast proton emission in the neutron rich {sup 48}Ca system.

  6. Isospin dependence of nuclear multifragmentation in statistical model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Lei; XIE Dong-Zhu; ZHANG Yan-Ping; GAO Yuan

    2011-01-01

    The evolution of nuclear disintegration mechanisms with increasing excitation energy, from com- pound nucleus to multifragmentation, has been studied by using the Statistical Multifragmentation Model (SMM) within a micro-canonical ensemble. We discuss the observable characteristics as functions of excitation energy in multifragmentation, concentrating on the isospin dependence of the model in its decaying mechanism and break-up fragment configuration by comparing the A = 200, Z = 78 and A = 200, Z = 100 systems. The calculations indicate that the neutron-rich system (Z = 78) translates to a fission-like process from evaporation later than the symmetric nucleus at a lower excitation energy, but gets a larger average multiplicity as the excitation energy increases above 1.0 MeV/u.

  7. 2$^{+}$ anomaly and configurational isospin polarization of $^{136}$Te

    CERN Multimedia

    It is proposed to perform a Coulomb excitation experiment on beams of radioactive ions of $^{136}$Te delivered by HIE-ISOLDE impinging on a $^{58}$Ni target. Scattered particles will be detected by a DSSSD detector and $\\gamma$-rays will be detected by the MINIBALL array. The proposed Configurational Isospin Polarization (CIP) of the two lowest 2$^+$ states will be determined by measuring the E2 excitation yield distribution to them. The expected proton-dominated one-phonon character of the second excited 2$^+$ state of $^{136}$Te will be tested on the basis of absolute electromagnetic matrix elements from the observed Coulomb excitation cross sections. Complementary lifetime information on this predominant 2$^+_{1,ms}$ state will be extracted using the differential DSAM technique. The experiment will clarify to what extent CIP is responsible for the 2$^+$ anomaly in $^{136}$Te.

  8. Light stops, blind spots, and isospin violation in the MSSM

    CERN Document Server

    Crivellin, Andreas; Procura, Massimiliano; Tunstall, Lewis C

    2015-01-01

    In the framework of the MSSM, we examine several simplified models where only a few superpartners are light. This allows us to study WIMP--nucleus scattering in terms of a handful of MSSM parameters and thereby scrutinize their impact on dark matter direct-detection experiments. Focusing on spin-independent WIMP--nucleon scattering, we derive simplified, analytic expressions for the Wilson coefficients associated with Higgs and squark exchange. We utilize these results to study the complementarity of constraints due to direct-detection, flavor, and collider experiments. We also identify parameter configurations that produce (almost) vanishing cross sections. In the proximity of these so-called blind spots, we find that the amount of isospin violation may be much larger than typically expected in the MSSM. This feature is a generic property of parameter regions where cross sections are suppressed, and highlights the importance of a careful analysis of the nucleon matrix elements and the associated hadronic unc...

  9. Effects of Isospin Equilibrium on Cold Fusion of Superheavy Nuclei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Zu-Hua; BAO Jing-Dong

    2005-01-01

    @@ The neutron flow model predicts that neutrons start to flow freely between the approaching nuclei 58Fe and 208 Pb at s = 3fm, a length in which the effective surfaces of these nuclei are 3fm apart. As a result of neutron flow,the N/Z value rapidly reaches an equilibrium distribution. Meanwhile the system, originally in the fusion valley,is injected into the asymmetric fission valley. The dynamic process of the composite nucleus in the asymmetric fission valley is treated with a two-parameter Smoluchowski equation. It is shown that the probability to overcome the asymmetric fission barrier and to achieve compound nucleus configuration, hence the fusion cross section is obviously suppressed due to the effect of isospin equilibrium.

  10. Variation in displacement energies due to isospin nonconserving forces

    CERN Document Server

    Kaneko, K; Mizusaki, T; Tazaki, S

    2013-01-01

    For mirror nuclei with masses A=42-95, the effects of isospin nonconserving nuclear forces are studied with nuclear shell model using the Coulomb displacement energy and triplet displacement energy as probes. It is shown that the characteristic behavior of the displacement energies can be well reproduced if the isovector and isotensor nuclear interactions with J=0 and T=1 are introduced into the f7/2 shell. These forces, with their strengths being found consistent with the nucleon-nucleon scattering data, tend to modify nuclear binding energies near the N=Z line. At present, no evidence is found that these forces are needed for the upper fp-shell. Theoretical one- and two-proton separation energies are predicted accordingly, and locations of the proton drip-line are thereby suggested.

  11. Isospin considerations in correlations of pions and B mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Dunietz, Isard

    1995-01-01

    The correlations between a B meson and a pion produced nearby in phase space should respect isospin reflection symmetry I_3 \\to -I_3. Thus, one generally expects similar \\pi^+ B^0 and \\pi^- B^+ correlations (non-exotic channels), and similar \\pi^- B^0 and \\pi^+ B^+ correlations (exotic channels). Exceptions include (a) fragmentation processes involving exchange of quarks with the producing system, (b) misidentification of charged kaons as charged pions, and (c) effects of decay products of the associated \\overline{B}. All of these can affect the apparent signal for correlations of charged B mesons with charged hadrons. The identification of the flavor of neutral B mesons through the decay B^0 \\to K^{*0} J/\\psi requires good particle identification in order that the decay K^{*0} \\to K^+ \\pi^- not be mistaken for \\overline{K}^{*0} \\to K^- \\pi^+, in which case the correlations of neutral B mesons with hadrons can be underestimated.

  12. Baryon masses at nonzero isospin/kaon density

    CERN Document Server

    Detmold, William

    2013-01-01

    We present a lattice QCD calculation of the ground-state energy shifts of various baryons in a medium of pions or kaons at a single value of the quark mass corresponding to a pion mass of m_\\pi~390 MeV and a kaon mass of m_K~540 MeV, and in a spatial volume V (4fm)^3. All systems are created using a canonical formalism in which quark propagators are contracted into correlation functions of fixed isospin/kaon density. We study four different systems, \\Sigma^+(\\pi^+)^n, \\Xi^0(\\pi^+)^n, p(K^+)^n, and n(K^+)^n, for up to n=11 mesons. From the ground-state energy shifts we extract two- and three-body scattering parameters, as well as linear combinations of low-energy constants appearing in tree-level chiral perturbation theory.

  13. Post-accelerator issues at the IsoSpin Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chattopadhyay, S.; Nitschke, J.M. [eds.

    1994-05-01

    The workshop on ``Post-Accelerator Issues at the Isospin Laboratory`` was held at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory from October 27--29, 1993. It was sponsored by the Center for Beam Physics in the Accelerator and Fusion Research Division and the ISL Studies Group in the Nuclear Science Division. About forty scientists from around the world participated vigorously in this two and a half day workshop, (c.f. Agenda, Appendix D). Following various invited review talks from leading practitioners in the field on the first day, the workshop focussed around two working groups: (1) the Ion Source and Separators working group and (2) the Radio Frequency Quadrupoles and Linacs working group. The workshop closed with the two working groups summarizing and outlining the tasks for the future. This report documents the proceedings of the workshop and includes the invited review talks, the two summary talks from the working groups and individual contributions from the participants. It is a complete assemblage of state-of-the-art thinking on ion sources, low-{beta}, low(q/A) accelerating structures, e.g. linacs and RFQS, isobar separators, phase-space matching, cyclotrons, etc., as relevant to radioactive beam facilities and the IsoSpin Laboratory. We regret to say that while the fascinating topic of superconducting low-velocity accelerator structure was covered by Dr. K. Shepard during the workshop, we can only reproduce the copies of the transparencies of his talk in the Appendix, since no written manuscript was available at the time of publication of this report. The individual report have been catologed separately elsewhere.

  14. Coping with the New System: Self-Assessment, Role-Definition and Professional Expectations of Journalism Students in Former GDR after Democratization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frohlich, Romy

    A study investigated what kind of expectations former GDR (German Democratic Republic) journalism students have about their futures as journalists and what their general perceptions of journalism are. About 80 journalism students in their last semester at Leipzig University were administered surveys during the two days directly preceding the…

  15. Iso-spin Dependent Microscopic Optical Model Potential Based on Dirac Bruckner Haretree Fock Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The microscopic optical model is investigated in the Dirac-Brueckner-Hartree-Fock (DBHF) framework with Bonn B meson exchange potential. Both real and imaginary parts of isospin-dependent self-energies are derived from a strict projection

  16. Isospin restrictions on charge distributions in charmed-particle decays. [Branching ratios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Peshkin, M.; Rosner, J.L.

    1976-01-01

    The isospin properties of the semileptonic and nonleptonic charm-changing weak interactions lead to restrictions on the branching ratios of the different charge states that can occur in multi-particle decays of charmed particles. Upper and lower bounds imposed by isospin invariance on these ratios, and on the average number of charged decay products, are calculated for various charmed-particle decay modes. Simultaneous bounds on the branching ratios of two different charge distributions in the same decay mode, or in isospin-related decay modes, are presented. Branching ratios are also calculated under the statistical postulate that all the allowed invariant isospin channels contribute equally and incoherently in each decay mode.

  17. Equation of State for Isospin Asymmetric Matter of Nucleons and Deltas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>The equation of state (EOS) of isospin asymmetry nuclear matter is important for understanding not only properties of nuclei and dynamics of nuclear reaction in microscopical scale but also many issues of

  18. Two-loop thermodynamics of warm and dense (isospin and baryo-chemical potential) perturbative QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graf, Thorben [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Goethe Universitaet, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Schaffner-Bielich, Juergen [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Goethe Universitaet, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Fraga, Eduardo S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

    2014-07-01

    We present a perturbative calculation of the thermodynamical potential of quantum chromodynamics at nonvanishing temperatures for different values of the isospin and baryo-chemical potential. A comparison to recent lattice calculations at nonvanishing isospin is performed and the region of the break-down of the perturbative calculations are delineated. Finally, we study the thermodynamic potential at high chemical potentials and low temperatures where the perturbative scheme should be also applicable.

  19. Isospin-breaking corrections to the pion-nucleon scattering lengths

    CERN Document Server

    Hoferichter, Martin; Meißner, Ulf-G

    2009-01-01

    We analyze isospin breaking through quark mass differences and virtual photons in the pion-nucleon scattering lengths in all physical channels in the framework of covariant baryon chiral perturbation theory. The so-called triangle relation is found to be violated by about 1.5 %. We encounter a substantial isospin-breaking correction to neutral-pion-nucleon scattering beyond Weinberg's prediction due to a cusp effect. Finally, the application to hadronic atoms is briefly discussed.

  20. X(3872 in Heavy Quark Limit of QCD: Its Partners and Isospin Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozpineci A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Although it has been more than ten years since the discovery of the X(3872 meson, its properties still contain puzzles. In this work, the results obtained using a correlation function approach on the degenerate partners of the X(3872 will be presented. The isospin structure is also discussed in the same framework. Finally, the X(3872 → D0 D̄0 π decay is proposed to study the isospin structure of the X(3872 meson.

  1. Constraints on mSUGRA from isospin asymmetry in $B \\to K^{*} \\gamma$

    CERN Document Server

    Mahmoudi, F

    2007-01-01

    We study the isospin asymmetry as an observable in exclusive B -> K* gamma decay that can be used to study the effects of physics beyond the Standard Model. We present predictions for isospin asymmetry in Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model with minimal flavor violation, using parameter values allowed by current experimental constraints. This observable can provide very tight constraints on the mSUGRA parameter space.

  2. Isospin Effect of Coulomb Interaction on Momentum Dissipation in Intermediate Energy Heavy Ion Collisions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Jian-Ye; GUO Wen-Jun; XING Yong-Zhong; Li Xi-Guo

    2004-01-01

    We investigate the isospin effect of Coulomb interaction on the momentum dissipation or nuclear stopping in the intermediate energy heavy ion collisions by using the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model. The calculated results show that the Coulomb interaction induces obviously the reductions of the momentum dissipation. We also find that the variation amplitude of momentum dissipation induced by the Coulomb interaction depends sensitively on the form and strength of symmetry potential. However, the isospin effect of Coulomb interaction on the momentum dissipation is less than that induced by the in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross section.In this case, Coulomb interaction does not change obviously the isospin effect of momentum dissipation induced by the in-medium two-body collision. In particular, the Coulomb interaction is preferable for standing up the isospin effect of in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross section on the momentum dissipation and reducing the isospin effect of symmetry potential on it, which is important for obtaining the feature about the sensitive dependence of momentum dissipation on the in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross section and weakly on the symmetry potential.

  3. The GDR width in the excited sup 1 sup 4 sup 7 Eu compound nucleus at high angular momentum

    CERN Document Server

    Kmiecik, M; Bracco, A; Camera, F; Casanova, M; Leoni, S; Million, B; Herskind, B; Bark, R A; Ormand, W E

    2000-01-01

    High-energy gamma -rays emitted in the decay of the hot compound nucleus sup 1 sup 4 sup 7 Eu have been measured in coincidence with low-energy gamma -rays. The gamma transitions from the different residual nuclei were detected by a multiplicity filter and by Ge detectors. The employed reaction was sup 3 sup 7 Cl + sup 1 sup 1 sup 0 Pd at bombarding energies of 160, 165 and 170 MeV. The measured high-energy gamma -ray spectra were analysed within the framework of the statistical model using the CASCADE code. The GDR width in the angular momentum interval between 35 and 50 Planck constant was found to increase weakly and to be rather well predicted by the thermal shape fluctuation model. Also the deformation parameter beta as a function of the average angular momentum extracted from the data was found to be in general agreement with the model.

  4. Deformation Effects in Hot Rotating $^{46}Ti$ Probed by the Charged Particle Emission and GDR $\\gamma-Decay$

    CERN Document Server

    Brekiesz, M; Kmiecik, M; Mazurek, K; Meczynski, W; Styczen, J; Zuber, K; Papka, P; Beck, C; Haas, F; Rauch, V; Rousseau, M; Zafra, A S; Dudek, J; Schunck, N

    2007-01-01

    The 46Ti* compound nucleus, as populated by the fusion-evaporation reaction 27Al+19F at the bombarding energy of E_lab=144 MeV, has been investigated by charged particle spectroscopy using the multidetector array ICARE at the VIVITRON tandem facility of the IReS (Strasbourg). The light charged particles and high-energy gamma-rays from the GDR decay have been measured in coincidence with selected evaporation residues. The CACARIZO code, a Monte Carlo implementation of the statistical-model code CASCADE, has been used to calculate the spectral shapes of evaporated alpha-particles which are compared with the experimental coincident spectra. This comparison indicates the signature of large deformations (possibly superdeformed and hyperdeformed shapes) present in the compound nucleus decay. The occurrence of the Jacobi shape transition is also discussed in the framework of a newly developed rotating liquid drop model.

  5. Deformation Effects in Hot Rotating {sup 46}Ti Probed by the Charged Particle Emission and GDR {gamma}-Decay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brekiesz, M. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, PAN, 31-342 Cracow (Poland); Maj, A. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, PAN, 31-342 Cracow (Poland); Kmiecik, M. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, PAN, 31-342 Cracow (Poland); Mazurek, K. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, PAN, 31-342 Cracow (Poland); Meczynski, W. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, PAN, 31-342 Cracow (Poland); Styczen, J. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, PAN, 31-342 Cracow (Poland); Zuber, K. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, PAN, 31-342 Cracow (Poland); Papka, P. [IPHC and ULP (Strasbourg I), B.P. 28 F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); iThemba LABS, 7129 Somerset West (South Africa); Beck, C. [IPHC and ULP (Strasbourg I), B.P. 28 F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); Haas, F. [IPHC and ULP (Strasbourg I), B.P. 28 F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); Rauch, V. [IPHC and ULP (Strasbourg I), B.P. 28 F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); Rousseau, M. [IPHC and ULP (Strasbourg I), B.P. 28 F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); Sanchez i Zafra, A. [IPHC and ULP (Strasbourg I), B.P. 28 F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); Dudek, J. [IPHC and ULP (Strasbourg I), B.P. 28 F-67037 Strasbourg Cedex 2 (France); Schunck, N. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, PAN, 31-342 Cracow (Poland); Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

    2007-05-15

    The {sup 46}Ti * compound nucleus, as populated by the fusion-evaporation reaction {sup 27}Al + {sup 19}F at the bombarding energy of E {sub lab} = 144 MeV, has been investigated by charged particle spectroscopy using the multidetector array ICARE at the VIVITRON tandem facility of the IReS (Strasbourg). The light charged particles and high-energy {gamma}-rays from the GDR decay have been measured in coincidence with selected evaporation residues. The CACARIZO code, a Monte Carlo implementation of the statistical-model code CASCADE, has been used to calculate the spectral shapes of evaporated {alpha}-particles which are compared with the experimental coincident spectra. This comparison indicates the signature of large deformations (possibly superdeformed and hyperdeformed shapes) present in the compound nucleus decay. The occurrence of the Jacobi shape transition is also discussed in the framework of a newly developed rotating liquid drop model.

  6. Isospin violating dark matter in St\\"uckelberg portal scenarios

    CERN Document Server

    Martin-Lozano, Victor; Soler, Pablo

    2015-01-01

    Hidden sector scenarios in which dark matter (DM) interacts with the Standard Model matter fields through the exchange of massive Z' bosons are well motivated by certain string theory constructions. In this work, we thoroughly study the phenomenological aspects of such scenarios and find that they present a clear and testable consequence for direct DM searches. We show that such string motivated St\\"uckelberg portals naturally lead to isospin violating interactions of DM particles with nuclei. We find that the relations between the DM coupling to neutrons and protons for both, spin-independent (fn/fp) and spin-dependent (an/ap) interactions, are very flexible depending on the charges of the quarks under the extra U(1) gauge groups. We show that within this construction these ratios are generically different from plus and minus 1 (i.e. different couplings to protons and neutrons) leading to a potentially measurable distinction from other popular portals. Finally, we incorporate bounds from searches for dijet a...

  7. Efimov physics with $1/2$ spin-isospin fermions

    CERN Document Server

    Kievsky, A

    2015-01-01

    The structure of few-fermion systems having $1/2$ spin-isospin symmetry is studied using potential models. The strength and range of the two-body potentials are fixed to describe low energy observables in the angular momentum $L=0$ state and spin $S=0,1$ channels of the two-body system. Successively the strength of the potentials are varied in order to explore energy regions in which the two-body scattering lengths are close to the unitary limit. This study is motivated by the fact that in the nuclear system the singlet and triplet scattering lengths are both large with respect to the range of the interaction. Accordingly we expect evidence of universal behavior in the three- and four-nucleon systems that can be observed from the study of correlations between observables. In particular we concentrate in the behavior of the first excited state of the three-nucleon system as the system moves away from the unitary limit. We also analyze the dependence on the range of the three-body force of some low-energy obser...

  8. Efimov Physics with {1/2} Spin-Isospin Fermions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kievsky, A.; Gattobigio, M.

    2016-03-01

    The structure of few-fermion systems having {1/2} spin-isospin symmetry is studied using potential models. The strength and range of the two-body potentials are fixed to describe low energy observables in the angular momentum {L=0} state and spin {S=0,1} channels of the two-body system. Successively the strength of the potentials are varied in order to explore energy regions in which the two-body scattering lengths are close to the unitary limit. This study is motivated by the fact that in the nuclear system the singlet and triplet scattering lengths are both large with respect to the range of the interaction. Accordingly we expect evidence of universal behavior in the three- and four-nucleon systems that can be observed from the study of correlations between observables. In particular we concentrate in the behavior of the first excited state of the three-nucleon system as the system moves away from the unitary limit. We also analyze the dependence on the range of the three-body force of some low-energy observables in the three- and four-nucleon systems.

  9. Present status of the Chimera-Isospin experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Politi, G.; Arena, N.; Cardella, G.; DeFilippo, E.; Lanzano, G.; Nigro, S.L.; Pagano, A.; Papa, M.; Pirrone, S.; Russotto, P. [Catania Univ., INFN (Italy); Alderighi, M.; Sechi, G.; Sperduto, M.L. [Milano Univ., INFN, CNR (Italy); Amorini, F.; Anzalone, A.; Baran, V.; Bonasera, A.; Cavallaro, S.L.; Colonna, M.; Di Toro, M.; LaGuidara, E.; Lanzalone, G.; IaconoManno, M.; Giustolisi, F.; Maiolino, C.; Porto, F.; Rizzo, F.; Trifiro, A.; Trimarchi, M. [Catania Univ., INFN, Lab. Nazionali del Sud (Italy); Auditore, L.; Barna, R.; DePasquale, D. [Messina Univ., INFN (Italy); Berceanu, I.; Petrovici, M.; Pop, A. [Inst. for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); Blicharska, J.; Grzeszczuk, A.; Kowalski, S.; Zipper, W. [Univ. of Silesia, Inst. of Physics, Katowice (Poland); Borderie, B.; LeNeindre, N.; Rivet, M.F. [Paris-11 Univ., IPN-IN2P3-CNRS, 91 - Orsay (France); Bougault, R. [Caen Univ., LPC-ISMRA (France); Briczycnski, J.; Gawlikowicz, W.; Majka, Z.; Planeta, R. [M. Smoluchowski Inst. of Physics, Jagellonian Univ., Cracow (Poland); Bruno, M.; D' Agostino, M.; Fuschini, E.; Geraci, E.; Vannini, G. [Bologna Univ., INFN (Italy); Chatterjee, M.B. [Saha Inst. of Nuclear Physics, NIS Div., Kolkata (India); Chbihi, A.; Wieleczko, J.P. [GANIL -CEA-IN2P3-CNRS, 14 - Caen (France); Cibor, J. [H.Niewodniczanski Inst. of Nuclear Physics, Cracow (Poland); Dayras, R. [CEA Saclay, Dept. d' Astrophysique, de Physique des Particules, de Physique Nucleaire et de l' Instrumentation Associee, SPhN, 91- Gif sur Yvette (France); Guazzoni, P.; Russo, S.; Sassi, M.; Zetta, L. [Milano Univ., INFN (Italy); Guinet, D. [Univ. Claude Bernard, IPN-IN2P3-CNRS, 69 - Lyon (France); Li, S.; Wu, H.; Xiao, Z. [Inst. of Modern Physics, Lanzhou (China); Nicolis, N.G. [Ioannina Univ., Dept. of Physics (Greece); Piasecki, E.; Swiderski, L.; Siwek-Wilczynska, K.; Skwira, I. [Warsaw Univ., Inst. for Experimental Physics (Poland); Rosato, E.; Vigilante, M.; Wilczynski, J.

    2003-07-01

    The CHIMERA detector was designed to significantly contribute to multifragmentation studies in the field of heavy ion collisions at intermediate energies. The device has been used at 'Laboratori Nazionali del Sud' (LNS) in Catania (Italy) to study different aspects of the relevant nuclear reaction mechanism, in two different campaigns: the first one in 2000, by using the forward part (1 - 30 degrees) of the device, and the second one in 2003, by using the 4{pi} geometry. The experimental results have confirmed the capability of the apparatus for good isotopic identification of light charged particles and light fragments (3isospin degree of freedom in asymmetric nuclear matter. Reduction of the data of the second campaign is still in progress. (authors)

  10. Drell-Yan Study of Sea Isospin Symmetry

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of the experiment is to study the isospin symmetry in the light quark sea of the proton. Its violation is one possible explanation of recent unexpected muon deep inelastic scattering experimental results which disagree with the Gottfried sum rule. \\\\ \\\\ The experiment makes use of the large acceptance muon spectrometer used previously by NA10 and NA38. It detects muon pairs produced by the Drell-Yan mechanism in p-p and p-d reactions. A beam of 450 GeV/c protons impinges on alternating liquid hydrogen and deuterium targets. \\\\ \\\\ The aim is to measure the cross-section ratio :USERDOC. .nameit symbol=bp size=9 text='p-p' .nameit symbol=bd size=9 text='p-d' .nameit symbol=DY size=8 text='DY' .namef symbol=nom fpart='sigma .adj(u 6 r 2) bp .adj(d 6 l 10) DY .adj(l 5)' .namef symbol=denom fpart='sigma .adj(u 6 r 2) bd .adj(d 6 l 10) DY .adj(l 4)' $ nom / denom 'at':eF. dimuon masses above 4 GeV/$c ^{2} $, :USERDOC. which is a sensitive probe of the relative content of light antiquarks $ u bar $ and $ ...

  11. Topological deconfinement transition in QCD at finite isospin density

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kashiwa, Kouji; Ohnishi, Akira

    2017-09-01

    The confinement-deconfinement transition is discussed from topological viewpoints. The topological change of the system is achieved by introducing the dimensionless imaginary chemical potential (θ). Then, the non-trivial free-energy degeneracy becomes the signal of the deconfinement transition and it can be visualized by using the map of the thermodynamic quantities to the circle S1 along θ. To understand this "topological" deconfinement transition at finite real quark chemical potential (μR), we consider the isospin chemical potential (μiso) in the effective model of QCD. The phase diagram at finite μiso is identical with that at finite μR outside of the pion-condensed phase at least in the large-Nc limit via the well-known orbifold equivalence. In the present effective model, the topological deconfinement transition does not show a significant dependence on μiso and then we can expect that this tendency also appears at small μR. Also, the chiral transition and the topological deconfinement transition seems to be weakly correlated. If we will access lattice QCD data for the temperature dependence of the quark number density at finite μiso with θ = π / 3, our surmise can be judged.

  12. Thermodynamics of (2+1)-flavor strongly interacting matter at nonzero isospin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stiele, Rainer; Fraga, Eduardo S.; Schaffner-Bielich, Jürgen

    2014-02-01

    We investigate the phase structure of strongly interacting matter at non-vanishing isospin before the onset of pion condensation in the framework of the unquenched Polyakov-Quark-Meson model with 2+1 quark flavors. We show results for the order parameters and all relevant thermodynamic quantities. In particular, we obtain a moderate change of the pressure with isospin at vanishing baryon chemical potential, whereas the chiral condensate decreases more appreciably. We compare the effective model to recent lattice data for the decrease of the pseudo-critical temperature with the isospin chemical potential. We also demonstrate the major role played by the value of the pion mass in the curvature of the transition line, and the need for lattice results with a physical pion mass. Limitations of the model at nonzero chemical potential are also discussed.

  13. Thermodynamics of (2+1)-flavor strongly interacting matter at nonzero isospin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stiele, Rainer [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Heidelberg, Philosophenweg 16, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Fraga, Eduardo S. [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Straße 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Caixa Postal 68528, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 21945-970 (Brazil); Schaffner-Bielich, Jürgen [Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Max-von-Laue-Straße 1, D-60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

    2014-02-05

    We investigate the phase structure of strongly interacting matter at non-vanishing isospin before the onset of pion condensation in the framework of the unquenched Polyakov–Quark-Meson model with 2+1 quark flavors. We show results for the order parameters and all relevant thermodynamic quantities. In particular, we obtain a moderate change of the pressure with isospin at vanishing baryon chemical potential, whereas the chiral condensate decreases more appreciably. We compare the effective model to recent lattice data for the decrease of the pseudo-critical temperature with the isospin chemical potential. We also demonstrate the major role played by the value of the pion mass in the curvature of the transition line, and the need for lattice results with a physical pion mass. Limitations of the model at nonzero chemical potential are also discussed.

  14. Isospin Effect on Nuclear Stopping in Intermediate Energy Heavy Ion Collisions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李庆峰; 李祝霞

    2002-01-01

    By using the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model, we study the dependence of nuclear stopping Qzz/A and R in intermediate energy heavy ion collisions on system size, initial N/Z, isospin symmetry potential and the medium correction of two-body cross sections. We find the effect of the initial N/Z ratio and isospinsymmetry potential on stopping is weak. The excitation function of Qzz/A and R depends on the form of medium correction of two-body cross sections, the equation ofstate of nuclear matter. Our results show that the behaviour of the excitation function of Qzz/A and R can provide clearer information of the isospin dependence of the medium correction of two-body cross sections

  15. Isospin-violating nucleon-nucleon forces using the method of unitary transformation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Evgeny Epelbaum; Ulf-G. Meissner

    2005-02-01

    Recently, we have derived the leading and subleading isospin-breaking three-nucleon forces using the method of unitary transformation. In the present work we extend this analysis and consider the corresponding two-nucleon forces using the same approach. Certain contributions to the isospin-violating one- and two-pion exchange potential have already been discussed by various groups within the effective field theory framework. Our findings agree with the previously obtained results. In addition, we present the expressions for the subleading charge-symmetry-breaking two-pion exchange potential which were not considered before. These corrections turn out to be numerically important. Together with the three-nucleon force results presented in our previous work, the results of the present study specify completely isospin-violating nuclear force up to the order {Lambda}{sup 5}.

  16. Three-loop HTLpt thermodynamics at finite temperature and isospin chemical potential

    CERN Document Server

    Andersen, Jens O; Mustafa, Munshi G; Strickland, Michael

    2015-01-01

    In a previous paper (JHEP {\\bf 05} (2014) 27), we calculated the three-loop thermodynamic potential of QCD at finite temperature $T$ and quark chemical potentials $\\mu_q$ using the hard-thermal-loop perturbation theory (HTLpt) reorganization of finite temperature and density QCD. The result allows us to study the thermodynamics of QCD at finite temperature and isospin chemical potential $\\mu_I$. We calculate the pressure, energy density, and entropy density, the trace anomaly, and the speed of sound at zero and nonzero $\\mu_I$. The second, fourth, and sixth-order isospin susceptibilities are calculated at zero $\\mu_I$. Our results can be directly compared to lattice QCD without Taylor expansions around $\\mu_q=0$ since QCD has no sign problem at finite isospin chemical potential.

  17. Meson spectral functions at finite temperature and isospin density with the functional renormalization group

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ziyue; Zhuang, Pengfei

    2017-07-01

    The pion superfluid and the corresponding Goldstone and soft modes are investigated in a two-flavor quark-meson model with a functional renormalization group. By solving the flow equations for the effective potential and the meson two-point functions at finite temperature and isospin density, the critical temperature for the superfluid increases sizeably in comparison with solving the flow equation for the potential only. The spectral function for the soft mode shows clearly a transition from meson gas to quark gas with increasing temperature and a crossover from Bose-Einstein condensation to Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer pairing of quarks with increasing isospin density.

  18. Chiral Phase Transition at Finite Isospin Density in Linear Sigma Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHU Song; LI Jia-Rong

    2005-01-01

    Using the linear sigma model, we have introduced the pion isospin chemical potential. The chiral phase transition is studied at finite temperatures and finite isospin densities. We have studied the μ - T phase diagram for the chiral phase transition and found the transition cannot happen below a certain low temperature because of the BoseEinstein condensation in this system. Above that temperature, the chiral phase transition is studied by the isotherms of pressure versus density. We indicate that the transition, in the chiral limit, is a first-order transition from a low-density phase to a high-density phase like a gas-liquid phase transition.

  19. Isospin Diffusion in $^{58}$Ni-Induced Reactions at Intermediate Energies

    CERN Document Server

    Galichet, E; Borderie, B; Colonna, M; Bougault, R; Durand, D; Neindre, N Le; Lopez, O; Manduci, L; Vient, E; Chbihi, A; Frankland, J D; Wieleczko, J P; Dayras, R; Volant, C; Guinet, D C R; Lautesse, P; Parlog, M; Rosato, E; Vigilante, M

    2010-01-01

    Isospin diffusion is probed as a function of the dissipated energy by studying two systems $^{58}$Ni+$^{58}$Ni and $^{58}$Ni+$^{197}$Au, over the incident energy range 52-74\\AM. Experimental data are compared with the results of a microscopic transport model with two different parameterizations of the symmetry energy term. A better overall agreement between data and simulations is obtained when using a symmetry term with a potential part linearly increasing with nuclear density. The isospin equilibration time at 52 \\AM{} is estimated to 130$\\pm$10 fm/$c$.

  20. Test of isospin symmetry via low energy $^1$H($\\pi^-$,$\\pi^o$)$n$ charge exchange

    CERN Document Server

    Jia, Y; Hasinoff, M D; Kovash, M A; Ojha, M; Pavan, M M; Tripathi, S; Zolnierczuk, P A

    2008-01-01

    We report measurements of the $\\pi^- p \\to \\pi^o n$ differential cross sections at six momenta (104-143 MeV/c) and four angles (0-40 deg) by detection of $\\gamma$-ray pairs from $\\pi^o \\to \\gamma \\gamma$ decays using the TRIUMF RMC spectrometer. This region exhibits a vanishing zero-degree cross section from destructive interference between s-- and p--waves, thus yielding special sensitivity to pion-nucleon dynamics and isospin symmetry breaking. Our data and previous data do not agree, with important implications for earlier claims of large isospin violating effects in low energy pion-nucleon interactions.

  1. Mixed symmetry states and isospin excitation in N = Z nucleus 52Fe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The interacting boson model with isospin (IBM-3) was applied to study the band structure and electromagnetic transition properties of the low-lying states in the even-even N = Z nucleus 52Fe. The isospin excitation states with T = 0, 1 and 2 were identified, and compared with the available data. The study shows that the 2+3 state is the lowest mixed symmetry state in 52Fe. The excitation energy of the second 0+2 state with T = 0 in nucleus 52Fe was identified. The model calculations with the data show a reasonably good agreement.

  2. Manifestations of Isospin in Nearest Neighbor Spacing Distributions for the f-p Model Space

    CERN Document Server

    Quinonez, Michael; Zamick, Larry

    2016-01-01

    The strong interactions are charge independent. If we limit ourselves to the strong interactions, we have the isospin $T$ as a good quantum number. Here we consider the lack of level repulsion of states of different isospin and how this effect manifests in nearest neighbor spacing (NNS) histograms, which provide a visual and statistical context in which to study distributions of energy level spacings. In particular, we study nucleons in the f-p model space for the nucleus $^{44}$Ti. We also study the effect of the Coulomb interaction on the level spacing distribution.

  3. Directional Search for Isospin-Violating Dark Matter with Nuclear Emulsion

    CERN Document Server

    Nagao, Keiko I

    2012-01-01

    Some of direct dark matter searches reported not only positive signals but also annual modulation of the signal event. However, the parameter spaces have been excluded by other experiments. Isospin violating dark matter solves the contradiction by supposing different coupling to proton and neutron. We study the possibility to test the favored parameter region by isospin violating dark matter model with the future detector of dark matter using the nuclear emulsion. Since the nuclear emulsion detector has directional sensitivity, the detector is expected to examine whether the annual modulations observed other experiments is caused by dark matter or background signals.

  4. Split liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yersiz, H; Cameron, A M; Carmody, I; Zimmerman, M A; Kelly, B S; Ghobrial, R M; Farmer, D G; Busuttil, R W

    2006-03-01

    Seventy-five thousand Americans develop organ failure each year. Fifteen percent of those on the list for transplantation die while waiting. Several possible mechanisms to expand the organ pool are being pursued including the use of extended criteria donors, living donation, and split deceased donor transplants. Cadaveric organ splitting results from improved understanding of the surgical anatomy of the liver derived from Couinaud. Early efforts focused on reduced-liver transplantation (RLT) reported by both Bismuth and Broelsch in the mid-1980s. These techniques were soon modified to create both a left lateral segment graft appropriate for a pediatric recipient and a right trisegment for an appropriately sized adult. Techniques of split liver transplantation (SLT) were also modified to create living donor liver transplantation. Pichlmayr and Bismuth reported successful split liver transplantation in 1989 and Emond reported a larger series of nine split procedures in 1990. Broelsch and Busuttil described a technical modification in which the split was performed in situ at the donor institution with surgical division completed in the heart beating cadaveric donor. In situ splitting reduces cold ischemia, simplifies identification of biliary and vascular structures, and reduces reperfusion hemorrhage. However, in situ splits require specialized skills, prolonged operating room time, and increased logistical coordination at the donor institution. At UCLA over 120 in situ splits have been performed and this technique is the default when an optimal donor is available. Split liver transplantation now accounts for 10% of adult transplantations at UCLA and 40% of pediatric transplantations.

  5. Duality between chiral symmetry breaking and charged pion condensation at large $N_c$: Consideration of an NJL$_2$ model with baryon-, isospin- and chiral isospin chemical potentials

    CERN Document Server

    Ebert, D; Klimenko, K G

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the phase structure of a (1+1)-dimensional schematic quark model with four-quark interaction and in the presence of baryon ($\\mu_B$), isospin ($\\mu_I$) and chiral isospin ($\\mu_{I5}$) chemical potentials. It is established that in the large-$N_c$ limit ($N_c$ is the number of colored quarks) there exists a duality correspondence between the chiral symmetry breaking phase and the charged pion condensation (PC) one. The role and influence of this property on the phase structure of the model are studied. Moreover, it is shown that the chemical potential $\\mu_{I5}$ promotes the appearance of the charged PC phase with nonzero baryon density.

  6. Isospin breaking and radiative corrections in K{sub l4} decays; Brisure d'isospin et corrections radiatives au processus K{sub l4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuplov, V

    2004-04-15

    This thesis is dedicated to the impact of electromagnetic corrections on the decays of K{sub l4}. 2 types of electromagnetic contributions have to be considered: first the exchange of virtual photons and secondly the non-perturbative part of meson-photon interactions. We have also considered the effects of isospin breaking. We have shown that the isospin breaking and the electromagnetic corrections affect K{sub l4} decays in the neutral and mixed channels (respectively by 8% and -2%), while the charged channel is unaffected. It also appears that the tree approximation for the computation of the decay rates, is not accurate enough to explain experimental data. In the second part of this work, we give the analytical expressions of the F and G form factors associated with the amplitude of the K{sub l4} process in the charged mode. Infra-red divergencies counterbalance each other in the decay rates calculation when we consider the process K{sub l4{gamma}} where 1 photon is emitted with an energy below the sensitivity of the detector. We have found that the calculation in one loop order represents 75% of the measured value. The impact of radiative corrections is about 0.9% while the isospin breaking effect is about 1.6 per cent.

  7. Study of isospin violating $\\phi$ excitation in $e^+e^- \\to \\omega\\pi^0$

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Gang; Zhao, Qiang

    2008-01-01

    We study reaction $e^+ e^-\\to \\omega\\pi^0$ in the vicinity of $\\phi$ mass region. The isospin-violating $\\phi$ excitation is accounted for by two major mechanisms. One is electromagnetic (EM) transition and the other is strong isospin violations via intermediate hadronic meson loops. We find that the side-band cross sections for $e^+ e^-\\to \\omega\\pi^0$, i.e. cross sections below or above the $\\phi$ excitation, provide a tight constraint on the EM transition of $\\phi\\to\\omega\\pi^0$. The strong isospin violation is described by the Okubo-Zweig-Iizuka (OZI) rule evading intermediate-meson-exchange loops. A relative phase of $\\sim -90^\\circ$ is favored between the loop transition and I=0 EM amplitudes. By comparing with the recent KLOE data, we succeed in extracting the $\\phi\\to\\omega\\pi^0$ partial decay width. Some crucial insights into the correlation between isospin violation and OZI-rule evading transitions are also learned.

  8. Isospin transport in 84Kr+112,124Sn reactions at Fermi energies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piantelli, S.; Casini, G.; Olmi, A.; Barlini, S.; Bini, M.; Carboni, S.; Maurenzig, P. R.; Pasquali, G.; Poggi, G.; Stefanini, A. A.; Bougault, R.; Le Neindre, N.; Lopez, O.; Parlog, M.; Vient, E.; Bonnet, E.; Chbihi, A.; Frankland, J. D.; Gruyer, D.; Rosato, E.; Spadaccini, G.; Vigilante, M.; Borderie, B.; Rivet, M. F.; Bruno, M.; Morelli, L.; Cinausero, M.; Degerlier, M.; Gramegna, F.; Marchi, T.; Alba, R.; Maiolino, C.; Santonocito, D.; Kozik, T.; Twarog, T.

    2014-03-01

    Isospin transport phenomena in dissipative heavy ion collisions have been investigated at Fermi energies with a beam of 84Kr at 35AMeV. A comparison of the /Z of light and medium products forward-emitted in the centre of mass frame when the beam impinges on two different targets, the n-poor 112Sn and the n-rich 124Sn, is presented. Data were collected by means of a three-layer telescope with very good performances in terms of mass identification (full isotopic resolution up to Z ~ 20 for ions punching through the first detector layer) built by the FAZIA Collaboration and located just beyond the grazing angle for both reactions. The /Z of the products detected when the n-rich target is used is always higher than that associated to the n-poor one; since the detector was able to measure only fragments coming from the QuasiProjectile decay and/or neck emission, the observed behaviour can be ascribed to the isospin diffusion process, driven by the isospin gradient between QuasiProjectile and QuasiTarget. Moreover, for light fragments the /Z as a function of the lab velocity of the fragment is observed to increase when we move from the QuasiProjectile velocity to the centre of mass (neck zone). This effect can be interpreted as an evidence of isospin drift driven by the density gradient between the QuasiProjectile zone (at normal density) and the more diluted neck zone.

  9. Isospin dependence of physical observables in Incomplete Fusion reactions at 25 MeV/nucleon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lombardo, I., E-mail: ilombardo@lns.infn.i [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Catania, Catania (Italy); INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy); Agodi, C.; Alba, R. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy); Amorini, F. [INFN, Sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Catania, Catania (Italy); Anzalone, A. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy); Berceanu, I. [Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); Cardella, G. [INFN, Sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy); Cavallaro, S. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Catania, Catania (Italy); INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy); Chatterjee, M.B. [Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata (India); Coniglione, R. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy); DeFilippo, E. [INFN, Sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy); DiPietro, A.; Figuera, P. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy); Geraci, E.; Giuliani, G.; Grassi, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Catania, Catania (Italy); INFN, Sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy); Grzeszczuk, A. [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, Katowice (Poland); LaGuidara, E. [INFN, Sezione di Catania, Catania (Italy); Centro Siciliano di Fisica Nucleare e Struttura della Materia, Catania (Italy); Lanzalone, G. [INFN Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy); Libera Universita Kore, Enna (Italy); LeNeindre, N. [LPC Caen, CNRS-IN2P3, ENSICAEN, Universite de Caen, Caen (France)

    2010-03-01

    Isospin dependence of dynamical and thermodynamical physical quantities observed in the reactions {sup 40}Ca + {sup 40,48}Ca and {sup 40}Ca + {sup 46}Ti at 25 MeV/nucleon has been analyzed by means of the CHIMERA multi-detector.

  10. Phase Diagram of Dynamical Twisted Mass Wilson Fermions at Finite Isospin Chemical Potential

    CERN Document Server

    Janssen, Oliver; Splittorff, K; Verbaarschot, Jacobus J M; Zafeiropoulos, Savvas

    2015-01-01

    We consider the phase diagram of twisted mass Wilson fermions of two-flavor QCD in the parameter space of the quark mass, the isospin chemical potential, the twist angle and the lattice spacing. This work extends earlier studies in the continuum and those at zero chemical potential. We evaluate the phase diagram as well as the spectrum of the (pseudo-)Goldstone bosons using the chiral Lagrangian for twisted mass Wilson fermions at non-zero isospin chemical potential. The phases are obtained from a mean field analysis. At zero twist angle we find that already an infinitesimal isospin chemical potential destroys the Aoki phase. The reason is that in this phase we have massless Goldstone bosons with a non-zero isospin charge. At finite twist angle only two different phases are present, one phase which is continuously connected to the Bose condensed phase at non-zero chemical potential and another phase which is continuously connected to the normal phase. For either zero or maximal twist the phase diagram is more...

  11. SPIN-ISOSPIN EXCITATIONS IN NUCLEI VIA (HE-3,T) REACTIONS AT 450 MEV

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    FUJIWARA, M; AKIMUNE, H; DAITO, [No Value; EJIRI, H; FUJITA, Y; GREENFIELD, MB; HARAKEH, MN; HAZAMA, R; INOMATA, T; JANECKE, J; KUDOMI, N; KUME, K; NAKAYAMA, S; SHINMYO, K; TAMII, A; TANAKA, M; TOYOKAWA, H; YOSOI, M

    1994-01-01

    Spin-isospin excitations in nuclei havee been studied by means of the (He-3, t) reactions at 450 MeV. The Gamow-Teller (GT) resonances are found to be strongly excited. A fine structure of the giant Gamow Teller resonances in medium-heavy nuclei is observed with an energy resolution of 130 keV. The

  12. Spectral splits of neutrinos as a BCS-BEC crossover type phenomenon

    CERN Document Server

    Pehlivan, Y; Ghazanfari, N; Birol, S; Yüksel, H

    2016-01-01

    We show that the phenomenon of neutrino spectral split, which might be observed in the next galactic supernova neutrino signal, is analogous to the BCS-BEC crossover already observed in ultra cold atomic gas experiments. Although these two phenomena belong to two very different domains of physics, the propagation of neutrinos from highly interacting inner regions to the vacuum is reminiscent of the evolution of Cooper pairs between weak and strong interaction regimes. The Hamiltonians and the corresponding ground states undergo very similar transformations if one replaces the pair quasispin of the latter with the neutrino isospin of the former.

  13. Split Cord Malformations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yurdal Gezercan

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Split cord malformations are rare form of occult spinal dysraphism in children. Split cord malformations are characterized by septum that cleaves the spinal canal in sagittal plane within the single or duplicated thecal sac. Although their precise incidence is unknown, split cord malformations are exceedingly rare and represent %3.8-5 of all congenital spinal anomalies. Characteristic neurological, urological, orthopedic clinical manifestations are variable and asymptomatic course is possible. Earlier diagnosis and surgical intervention for split cord malformations is associated with better long-term fuctional outcome. For this reason, diagnostic imaging is indicated for children with associated cutaneous and orthopedic signs. Additional congenital anomalies usually to accompany the split cord malformations. Earlier diagnosis, meticuolus surgical therapy and interdisciplinary careful evaluation and follow-up should be made for good prognosis. [Cukurova Med J 2015; 40(2.000: 199-207

  14. Accuracy of tablet splitting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDevitt, J T; Gurst, A H; Chen, Y

    1998-01-01

    We attempted to determine the accuracy of manually splitting hydrochlorothiazide tablets. Ninety-four healthy volunteers each split ten 25-mg hydrochlorothiazide tablets, which were then weighed using an analytical balance. Demographics, grip and pinch strength, digit circumference, and tablet-splitting experience were documented. Subjects were also surveyed regarding their willingness to pay a premium for commercially available, lower-dose tablets. Of 1752 manually split tablet portions, 41.3% deviated from ideal weight by more than 10% and 12.4% deviated by more than 20%. Gender, age, education, and tablet-splitting experience were not predictive of variability. Most subjects (96.8%) stated a preference for commercially produced, lower-dose tablets, and 77.2% were willing to pay more for them. For drugs with steep dose-response curves or narrow therapeutic windows, the differences we recorded could be clinically relevant.

  15. Coded Splitting Tree Protocols

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jesper Hemming; Stefanovic, Cedomir; Popovski, Petar

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a novel approach to multiple access control called coded splitting tree protocol. The approach builds on the known tree splitting protocols, code structure and successive interference cancellation (SIC). Several instances of the tree splitting protocol are initiated, each...... instance is terminated prematurely and subsequently iterated. The combined set of leaves from all the tree instances can then be viewed as a graph code, which is decodable using belief propagation. The main design problem is determining the order of splitting, which enables successful decoding as early...... as possible. Evaluations show that the proposed protocol provides considerable gains over the standard tree splitting protocol applying SIC. The improvement comes at the expense of an increased feedback and receiver complexity....

  16. A Discussion on Whether 15-20C Are All Skin Nuclei via Isospin-dependent Boltzmann-Langevin Equation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yu; ZHANG Feng-Shou; SU Jun

    2009-01-01

    A new attempt of calculation for the total reaction cross sections (σR) has been carried out within the isospin-dependent Boltzmann-Langevin equation in the intermediate energy heavy-ion collision of isotopes of G. The σR of both stable and exotic nuclei are reproduced rather well. The incident energy and isospin dependencies of σR have been investigated. It is found that the isospin effect is comparatively remarkable at intermediate energy. It is also found that ~(15-18)C are neutron skin nuclei but for ~(19)C and ~(20)C we cannot draw a conclusion whether they have halo structures.

  17. Effect of isospin-dependent cross-section on fragment production in the collision of charge asymmetric nuclei

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Anupriya Jain; Suneel Kumar

    2012-05-01

    To understand the role of isospin effects on fragmentation due to the collisions of charge asymmetric nuclei, we have performed a complete systematical study using isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model. Here simulations have been carried out for ${}^{124}X_n + {}^{124}X_n$ ,where varies from 47 to 59 and for 40Y$_m$ + 40Y$_m$ , where varies from 14 to 23. Our study shows that isospin-dependent cross-section shows its influence on fragmentation in the collision of neutron-rich nuclei.

  18. Evolution of triaxial shapes at large isospin: Rh isotopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navin, A.; Rejmund, M.; Bhattacharyya, S.; Palit, R.; Bhat, G. H.; Sheikh, J. A.; Lemasson, A.; Bhattacharya, S.; Caamaño, M.; Clément, E.; Delaune, O.; Farget, F.; de France, G.; Jacquot, B.

    2017-04-01

    The rotational response as a function of neutron-proton asymmetry for the very neutron-rich isotopes of Rh (116-119Rh) has been obtained from the measurement of prompt γ rays from isotopically identified fragments, produced in fission reactions at energies around the Coulomb barrier. The measured energy ;signature; splitting of the yrast bands, when compared with the Triaxial Projected Shell Model (TPSM) calculations, shows the need for large, nearly constant, triaxial deformations. The present results are compared with global predictions for the existence of non axial shapes in the periodic table in the case of very neutron-rich nuclei Rh isotopes. The predicted trend of a second local maximum for a triaxial shape around N ∼ 74 is not found.

  19. Evolution of triaxial shapes at large isospin: Rh isotopes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Navin

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The rotational response as a function of neutron–proton asymmetry for the very neutron-rich isotopes of Rh (116–119Rh has been obtained from the measurement of prompt γ rays from isotopically identified fragments, produced in fission reactions at energies around the Coulomb barrier. The measured energy “signature” splitting of the yrast bands, when compared with the Triaxial Projected Shell Model (TPSM calculations, shows the need for large, nearly constant, triaxial deformations. The present results are compared with global predictions for the existence of non axial shapes in the periodic table in the case of very neutron-rich nuclei Rh isotopes. The predicted trend of a second local maximum for a triaxial shape around N∼74 is not found.

  20. Effects of Isospin on Pre-scission Particle Multiplicity of Heavy Systems and Its Excitation Energy Dependence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YE Wei; CHEN Na

    2004-01-01

    Isospin effects on particle emission of fissioning isobaric sources 202Fr, 202po, 202Tl and isotopic sources 189,202,212Po, and its dependence on the excitation energy are studied via Smoluchowski equations. It is shown that with increasing the isospin of fissioning systems, charged-particle emission is not sensitive to the strength of nuclear dissipation. In addition, we have found that increasing the excitation energy not only increases the influence of nuclear dissipation on particle emission but also greatly enhances the sensitivity of the emission of pre-scission neutrons or charged particles to the isospin of the system. Therefore, in order to extract dissipation strength more accurately by taking light particle multiplicities it is important to choose both a highly excited compound nucleus and a proper kind of particles for systems with different isospins.

  1. Concentric Split Flow Filter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stapleton, Thomas J. (Inventor)

    2015-01-01

    A concentric split flow filter may be configured to remove odor and/or bacteria from pumped air used to collect urine and fecal waste products. For instance, filter may be designed to effectively fill the volume that was previously considered wasted surrounding the transport tube of a waste management system. The concentric split flow filter may be configured to split the air flow, with substantially half of the air flow to be treated traveling through a first bed of filter media and substantially the other half of the air flow to be treated traveling through the second bed of filter media. This split flow design reduces the air velocity by 50%. In this way, the pressure drop of filter may be reduced by as much as a factor of 4 as compare to the conventional design.

  2. {gamma} decay of spin-isospin states in {sup 13}N via ({sup 3}He, t{gamma}) reaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ihara, F.; Akimune, H.; Daito, I.; Fujimura, H.; Fujiwara, M.; Inomata, T.; Ishibashi, K.; Yoshida, H. [Osaka Univ., Ibaraki (Japan). Research Center for Nuclear Physics; Fujita, Y.

    1998-03-01

    Spin-isospin states in {sup 13}N have been studied by means of the {sup 13}C ({sup 3}He,t) reaction at and near zero degree, at E({sup 3}He)=450 MeV. Decayed {gamma}-rays from each state were measured at backward angle in coincidence with the ejectile tritons. The branching ratio of {gamma} decay for some of spin-isospin states were determined and were compared to those from previous data. (author)

  3. Polarized Antenna Splitting Functions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larkoski, Andrew J.; Peskin, Michael E.; /SLAC

    2009-10-17

    We consider parton showers based on radiation from QCD dipoles or 'antennae'. These showers are built from 2 {yields} 3 parton splitting processes. The question then arises of what functions replace the Altarelli-Parisi splitting functions in this approach. We give a detailed answer to this question, applicable to antenna showers in which partons carry definite helicity, and to both initial- and final-state emissions.

  4. No-core configuration-interaction model for the isospin- and angular-momentum-projected states

    CERN Document Server

    Satula, W; Dobaczewski, J; Konieczka, M

    2016-01-01

    [Background] Single-reference density functional theory is very successful in reproducing bulk nuclear properties like binding energies, radii, or quadrupole moments throughout the entire periodic table. Its extension to the multi-reference level allows for restoring symmetries and, in turn, for calculating transition rates. [Purpose] We propose a new no-core-configuration-interaction (NCCI) model treating properly isospin and rotational symmetries. The model is applicable to any nucleus irrespective of its mass and neutron- and proton-number parity. It properly includes polarization effects caused by an interplay between the long- and short-range forces acting in the atomic nucleus. [Methods] The method is based on solving the Hill-Wheeler-Griffin equation within a model space built of linearly-dependent states having good angular momentum and properly treated isobaric spin. The states are generated by means of the isospin and angular-momentum projection applied to a set of low-lying (multi)particle-(multi)h...

  5. Differential branching fractions and isospin asymmetries of $B \\to K^{(*)}\\mu^+\\mu^+$ decays

    CERN Document Server

    Aaij, Roel; Adinolfi, Marco; Affolder, Anthony; Ajaltouni, Ziad; Albrecht, Johannes; Alessio, Federico; Alexander, Michael; Ali, Suvayu; Alkhazov, Georgy; Alvarez Cartelle, Paula; Alves Jr, Antonio; Amato, Sandra; Amerio, Silvia; Amhis, Yasmine; An, Liupan; Anderlini, Lucio; Anderson, Jonathan; Andreassen, Rolf; Andreotti, Mirco; Andrews, Jason; Appleby, Robert; Aquines Gutierrez, Osvaldo; Archilli, Flavio; Artamonov, Alexander; Artuso, Marina; Aslanides, Elie; Auriemma, Giulio; Baalouch, Marouen; Bachmann, Sebastian; Back, John; Badalov, Alexey; Balagura, Vladislav; Baldini, Wander; Barlow, Roger; Barschel, Colin; Barsuk, Sergey; Barter, William; Batozskaya, Varvara; Bauer, Thomas; Bay, Aurelio; Beddow, John; Bedeschi, Franco; Bediaga, Ignacio; Belogurov, Sergey; Belous, Konstantin; Belyaev, Ivan; Ben-Haim, Eli; Bencivenni, Giovanni; Benson, Sean; Benton, Jack; Berezhnoy, Alexander; Bernet, Roland; Bettler, Marc-Olivier; van Beuzekom, Martinus; Bien, Alexander; Bifani, Simone; Bird, Thomas; Bizzeti, Andrea; Bjørnstad, Pål Marius; Blake, Thomas; Blanc, Frédéric; Blouw, Johan; Blusk, Steven; Bocci, Valerio; Bondar, Alexander; Bondar, Nikolay; Bonivento, Walter; Borghi, Silvia; Borgia, Alessandra; Borsato, Martino; Bowcock, Themistocles; Bowen, Espen Eie; Bozzi, Concezio; Brambach, Tobias; van den Brand, Johannes; Bressieux, Joël; Brett, David; Britsch, Markward; Britton, Thomas; Brook, Nicholas; Brown, Henry; Bursche, Albert; Busetto, Giovanni; Buytaert, Jan; Cadeddu, Sandro; Calabrese, Roberto; Callot, Olivier; Calvi, Marta; Calvo Gomez, Miriam; Camboni, Alessandro; Campana, Pierluigi; Campora Perez, Daniel; Carbone, Angelo; Carboni, Giovanni; Cardinale, Roberta; Cardini, Alessandro; Carranza-Mejia, Hector; Carson, Laurence; Carvalho Akiba, Kazuyoshi; Casse, Gianluigi; Cassina, Lorenzo; Castillo Garcia, Lucia; Cattaneo, Marco; Cauet, Christophe; Cenci, Riccardo; Charles, Matthew; Charpentier, Philippe; Cheung, Shu-Faye; Chiapolini, Nicola; Chrzaszcz, Marcin; Ciba, Krzystof; Cid Vidal, Xabier; Ciezarek, Gregory; Clarke, Peter; Clemencic, Marco; Cliff, Harry; Closier, Joel; Coca, Cornelia; Coco, Victor; Cogan, Julien; Cogneras, Eric; Collins, Paula; Comerma-Montells, Albert; Contu, Andrea; Cook, Andrew; Coombes, Matthew; Coquereau, Samuel; Corti, Gloria; Corvo, Marco; Counts, Ian; Couturier, Benjamin; Cowan, Greig; Craik, Daniel Charles; Cruz Torres, Melissa Maria; Cunliffe, Samuel; Currie, Robert; D'Ambrosio, Carmelo; Dalseno, Jeremy; David, Pascal; David, Pieter; Davis, Adam; De Bruyn, Kristof; De Capua, Stefano; De Cian, Michel; De Miranda, Jussara; De Paula, Leandro; De Silva, Weeraddana; De Simone, Patrizia; Decamp, Daniel; Deckenhoff, Mirko; Del Buono, Luigi; Déléage, Nicolas; Derkach, Denis; Deschamps, Olivier; Dettori, Francesco; Di Canto, Angelo; Dijkstra, Hans; Donleavy, Stephanie; Dordei, Francesca; Dorigo, Mirco; Dosil Suárez, Alvaro; Dossett, David; Dovbnya, Anatoliy; Dupertuis, Frederic; Durante, Paolo; Dzhelyadin, Rustem; Dziurda, Agnieszka; Dzyuba, Alexey; Easo, Sajan; Egede, Ulrik; Egorychev, Victor; Eidelman, Semen; Eisenhardt, Stephan; Eitschberger, Ulrich; Ekelhof, Robert; Eklund, Lars; El Rifai, Ibrahim; Elsasser, Christian; Esen, Sevda; Evans, Timothy; Falabella, Antonio; Färber, Christian; Farinelli, Chiara; Farry, Stephen; Ferguson, Dianne; Fernandez Albor, Victor; Ferreira Rodrigues, Fernando; Ferro-Luzzi, Massimiliano; Filippov, Sergey; Fiore, Marco; Fiorini, Massimiliano; Firlej, Miroslaw; Fitzpatrick, Conor; Fiutowski, Tomasz; Fontana, Marianna; Fontanelli, Flavio; Forty, Roger; Francisco, Oscar; Frank, Markus; Frei, Christoph; Frosini, Maddalena; Fu, Jinlin; Furfaro, Emiliano; Gallas Torreira, Abraham; Galli, Domenico; Gallorini, Stefano; Gambetta, Silvia; Gandelman, Miriam; Gandini, Paolo; Gao, Yuanning; Garofoli, Justin; Garra Tico, Jordi; Garrido, Lluis; Gaspar, Clara; Gauld, Rhorry; Gavardi, Laura; Gersabeck, Evelina; Gersabeck, Marco; Gershon, Timothy; Ghez, Philippe; Gianelle, Alessio; Giani', Sebastiana; Gibson, Valerie; Giubega, Lavinia-Helena; Gligorov, Vladimir; Göbel, Carla; Golubkov, Dmitry; Golutvin, Andrey; Gomes, Alvaro; Gordon, Hamish; Gotti, Claudio; Grabalosa Gándara, Marc; Graciani Diaz, Ricardo; Granado Cardoso, Luis Alberto; Graugés, Eugeni; Graziani, Giacomo; Grecu, Alexandru; Greening, Edward; Gregson, Sam; Griffith, Peter; Grillo, Lucia; Grünberg, Oliver; Gui, Bin; Gushchin, Evgeny; Guz, Yury; Gys, Thierry; Hadjivasiliou, Christos; Haefeli, Guido; Haen, Christophe; Haines, Susan; Hall, Samuel; Hamilton, Brian; Hampson, Thomas; Han, Xiaoxue; Hansmann-Menzemer, Stephanie; Harnew, Neville; Harnew, Samuel; Harrison, Jonathan; Hartmann, Thomas; He, Jibo; Head, Timothy; Heijne, Veerle; Hennessy, Karol; Henrard, Pierre; Henry, Louis; Hernando Morata, Jose Angel; van Herwijnen, Eric; Heß, Miriam; Hicheur, Adlène; Hill, Donal; Hoballah, Mostafa; Hombach, Christoph; Hulsbergen, Wouter; Hunt, Philip; Hussain, Nazim; Hutchcroft, David; Hynds, Daniel; Idzik, Marek; Ilten, Philip; Jacobsson, Richard; Jaeger, Andreas; Jalocha, Pawel; Jans, Eddy; Jaton, Pierre; Jawahery, Abolhassan; Jezabek, Marek; Jing, Fanfan; John, Malcolm; Johnson, Daniel; Jones, Christopher; Joram, Christian; Jost, Beat; Jurik, Nathan; Kaballo, Michael; Kandybei, Sergii; Kanso, Walaa; Karacson, Matthias; Karbach, Moritz; Kelsey, Matthew; Kenyon, Ian; Ketel, Tjeerd; Khanji, Basem; Khurewathanakul, Chitsanu; Klaver, Suzanne; Kochebina, Olga; Kolpin, Michael; Komarov, Ilya; Koopman, Rose; Koppenburg, Patrick; Korolev, Mikhail; Kozlinskiy, Alexandr; Kravchuk, Leonid; Kreplin, Katharina; Kreps, Michal; Krocker, Georg; Krokovny, Pavel; Kruse, Florian; Kucharczyk, Marcin; Kudryavtsev, Vasily; Kurek, Krzysztof; Kvaratskheliya, Tengiz; La Thi, Viet Nga; Lacarrere, Daniel; Lafferty, George; Lai, Adriano; Lambert, Dean; Lambert, Robert W; Lanciotti, Elisa; Lanfranchi, Gaia; Langenbruch, Christoph; Langhans, Benedikt; Latham, Thomas; Lazzeroni, Cristina; Le Gac, Renaud; van Leerdam, Jeroen; Lees, Jean-Pierre; Lefèvre, Regis; Leflat, Alexander; Lefrançois, Jacques; Leo, Sabato; Leroy, Olivier; Lesiak, Tadeusz; Leverington, Blake; Li, Yiming; Liles, Myfanwy; Lindner, Rolf; Linn, Christian; Lionetto, Federica; Liu, Bo; Liu, Guoming; Lohn, Stefan; Longstaff, Iain; Lopes, Jose; Lopez-March, Neus; Lowdon, Peter; Lu, Haiting; Lucchesi, Donatella; Luo, Haofei; Lupato, Anna; Luppi, Eleonora; Lupton, Oliver; Machefert, Frederic; Machikhiliyan, Irina V; Maciuc, Florin; Maev, Oleg; Malde, Sneha; Manca, Giulia; Mancinelli, Giampiero; Manzali, Matteo; Maratas, Jan; Marchand, Jean François; Marconi, Umberto; Marin Benito, Carla; Marino, Pietro; Märki, Raphael; Marks, Jörg; Martellotti, Giuseppe; Martens, Aurelien; Martín Sánchez, Alexandra; Martinelli, Maurizio; Martinez Santos, Diego; Martinez Vidal, Fernando; Martins Tostes, Danielle; Massafferri, André; Matev, Rosen; Mathe, Zoltan; Matteuzzi, Clara; Mazurov, Alexander; McCann, Michael; McCarthy, James; McNab, Andrew; McNulty, Ronan; McSkelly, Ben; Meadows, Brian; Meier, Frank; Meissner, Marco; Merk, Marcel; Milanes, Diego Alejandro; Minard, Marie-Noelle; Molina Rodriguez, Josue; Monteil, Stephane; Moran, Dermot; Morandin, Mauro; Morawski, Piotr; Mordà, Alessandro; Morello, Michael Joseph; Moron, Jakub; Mountain, Raymond; Muheim, Franz; Müller, Katharina; Muresan, Raluca; Muster, Bastien; Naik, Paras; Nakada, Tatsuya; Nandakumar, Raja; Nasteva, Irina; Needham, Matthew; Neri, Nicola; Neubert, Sebastian; Neufeld, Niko; Neuner, Max; Nguyen, Anh Duc; Nguyen, Thi-Dung; Nguyen-Mau, Chung; Nicol, Michelle; Niess, Valentin; Niet, Ramon; Nikitin, Nikolay; Nikodem, Thomas; Novoselov, Alexey; Oblakowska-Mucha, Agnieszka; Obraztsov, Vladimir; Oggero, Serena; Ogilvy, Stephen; Okhrimenko, Oleksandr; Oldeman, Rudolf; Onderwater, Gerco; Orlandea, Marius; Otalora Goicochea, Juan Martin; Owen, Patrick; Oyanguren, Maria Arantza; Pal, Bilas Kanti; Palano, Antimo; Palombo, Fernando; Palutan, Matteo; Panman, Jacob; Papanestis, Antonios; Pappagallo, Marco; Parkes, Christopher; Parkinson, Christopher John; Passaleva, Giovanni; Patel, Girish; Patel, Mitesh; Patrignani, Claudia; Pazos Alvarez, Antonio; Pearce, Alex; Pellegrino, Antonio; Pepe Altarelli, Monica; Perazzini, Stefano; Perez Trigo, Eliseo; Perret, Pascal; Perrin-Terrin, Mathieu; Pescatore, Luca; Pesen, Erhan; Petridis, Konstantin; Petrolini, Alessandro; Picatoste Olloqui, Eduardo; Pietrzyk, Boleslaw; Pilař, Tomas; Pinci, Davide; Pistone, Alessandro; Playfer, Stephen; Plo Casasus, Maximo; Polci, Francesco; Poluektov, Anton; Polycarpo, Erica; Popov, Alexander; Popov, Dmitry; Popovici, Bogdan; Potterat, Cédric; Powell, Andrew; Prisciandaro, Jessica; Pritchard, Adrian; Prouve, Claire; Pugatch, Valery; Puig Navarro, Albert; Punzi, Giovanni; Qian, Wenbin; Rachwal, Bartolomiej; Rademacker, Jonas; Rakotomiaramanana, Barinjaka; Rama, Matteo; Rangel, Murilo; Raniuk, Iurii; Rauschmayr, Nathalie; Raven, Gerhard; Reichert, Stefanie; Reid, Matthew; dos Reis, Alberto; Ricciardi, Stefania; Richards, Alexander; Rinnert, Kurt; Rives Molina, Vincente; Roa Romero, Diego; Robbe, Patrick; Rodrigues, Ana Barbara; Rodrigues, Eduardo; Rodriguez Perez, Pablo; Roiser, Stefan; Romanovsky, Vladimir; Romero Vidal, Antonio; Rotondo, Marcello; Rouvinet, Julien; Ruf, Thomas; Ruffini, Fabrizio; Ruiz, Hugo; Ruiz Valls, Pablo; Sabatino, Giovanni; Saborido Silva, Juan Jose; Sagidova, Naylya; Sail, Paul; Saitta, Biagio; Salustino Guimaraes, Valdir; Sanchez Mayordomo, Carlos; Sanmartin Sedes, Brais; Santacesaria, Roberta; Santamarina Rios, Cibran; Santovetti, Emanuele; Sapunov, Matvey; Sarti, Alessio; Satriano, Celestina; Satta, Alessia; Savrie, Mauro; Savrina, Darya; Schiller, Manuel; Schindler, Heinrich; Schlupp, Maximilian; Schmelling, Michael; Schmidt, Burkhard; Schneider, Olivier; Schopper, Andreas; Schune, Marie Helene; Schwemmer, Rainer; Sciascia, Barbara; Sciubba, Adalberto; Seco, Marcos; Semennikov, Alexander; Senderowska, Katarzyna; Sepp, Indrek; Serra, Nicola; Serrano, Justine; Sestini, Lorenzo; Seyfert, Paul; Shapkin, Mikhail; Shapoval, Illya; Shcheglov, Yury; Shears, Tara; Shekhtman, Lev; Shevchenko, Vladimir; Shires, Alexander; Silva Coutinho, Rafael; Simi, Gabriele; Sirendi, Marek; Skidmore, Nicola; Skwarnicki, Tomasz; Smith, Anthony; Smith, Edmund; Smith, Eluned; Smith, Jackson; Smith, Mark; Snoek, Hella; Sokoloff, Michael; Soler, Paul; Soomro, Fatima; Souza, Daniel; Souza De Paula, Bruno; Spaan, Bernhard; Sparkes, Ailsa; Spinella, Franco; Spradlin, Patrick; Stagni, Federico; Stahl, Sascha; Steinkamp, Olaf; Stenyakin, Oleg; Stevenson, Scott; Stoica, Sabin; Stone, Sheldon; Storaci, Barbara; Stracka, Simone; Straticiuc, Mihai; Straumann, Ulrich; Stroili, Roberto; Subbiah, Vijay Kartik; Sun, Liang; Sutcliffe, William; Swientek, Krzysztof; Swientek, Stefan; Syropoulos, Vasileios; Szczekowski, Marek; Szczypka, Paul; Szilard, Daniela; Szumlak, Tomasz; T'Jampens, Stephane; Teklishyn, Maksym; Tellarini, Giulia; Teodorescu, Eliza; Teubert, Frederic; Thomas, Christopher; Thomas, Eric; van Tilburg, Jeroen; Tisserand, Vincent; Tobin, Mark; Tolk, Siim; Tomassetti, Luca; Tonelli, Diego; Topp-Joergensen, Stig; Torr, Nicholas; Tournefier, Edwige; Tourneur, Stephane; Tran, Minh Tâm; Tresch, Marco; Tsaregorodtsev, Andrei; Tsopelas, Panagiotis; Tuning, Niels; Ubeda Garcia, Mario; Ukleja, Artur; Ustyuzhanin, Andrey; Uwer, Ulrich; Vagnoni, Vincenzo; Valenti, Giovanni; Vallier, Alexis; Vazquez Gomez, Ricardo; Vazquez Regueiro, Pablo; Vázquez Sierra, Carlos; Vecchi, Stefania; Velthuis, Jaap; Veltri, Michele; Veneziano, Giovanni; Vesterinen, Mika; Viaud, Benoit; Vieira, Daniel; Vieites Diaz, Maria; Vilasis-Cardona, Xavier; Vollhardt, Achim; Volyanskyy, Dmytro; Voong, David; Vorobyev, Alexey; Vorobyev, Vitaly; Voß, Christian; Voss, Helge; de Vries, Jacco; Waldi, Roland; Wallace, Charlotte; Wallace, Ronan; Walsh, John; Wandernoth, Sebastian; Wang, Jianchun; Ward, David; Watson, Nigel; Webber, Adam Dane; Websdale, David; Whitehead, Mark; Wicht, Jean; Wiedner, Dirk; Wilkinson, Guy; Williams, Matthew; Williams, Mike; Wilson, Fergus; Wimberley, Jack; Wishahi, Julian; Wislicki, Wojciech; Witek, Mariusz; Wormser, Guy; Wotton, Stephen; Wright, Simon; Wu, Suzhi; Wyllie, Kenneth; Xie, Yuehong; Xing, Zhou; Xu, Zhirui; Yang, Zhenwei; Yuan, Xuhao; Yushchenko, Oleg; Zangoli, Maria; Zavertyaev, Mikhail; Zhang, Feng; Zhang, Liming; Zhang, Wen Chao; Zhang, Yanxi; Zhelezov, Alexey; Zhokhov, Anatoly; Zhong, Liang; Zvyagin, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    The isospin asymmetries of $B \\to K\\mu^+\\mu^-$ and $B \\to K^{*}\\mu^+\\mu^-$ decays and the partial branching fractions of the $B^0 \\to K^0\\mu^+\\mu^-$, $B^+ \\to K^+\\mu^+\\mu^-$ and $B^+ \\to K^{*+}\\mu^+\\mu^-$ decays are measured as functions of the dimuon mass squared, $q^2$. The data used correspond to an integrated luminosity of 3 fb$^{-1}$ from proton-proton collisions collected with the LHCb detector at centre-of-mass energies of 7 TeV and 8 TeV in 2011 and 2012, respectively. The isospin asymmetries are both consistent with the Standard Model expectations. The three measured branching fractions, while individually consistent, all favour lower values than their respective Standard Model predictions.

  6. Isospin mixing in the nucleon and 4He and the nucleon strange electric form factor

    CERN Document Server

    Viviani, M; Kievsky, A; Kubis, B; Lewis, R; Marcucci, L E; Rosati, S; Schiavilla, R

    2007-01-01

    In order to isolate the contribution of the nucleon strange electric form factor to the parity-violating asymmetry measured in 4He(\\vec e,e')4He experiments, it is crucial to have a reliable estimate of the magnitude of isospin-symmetry-breaking (ISB) corrections in both the nucleon and 4He. We examine this issue in the present letter. Isospin admixtures in the nucleon are determined in chiral perturbation theory, while those in 4He are derived from nuclear interactions, including explicit ISB terms. A careful analysis of the model dependence in the resulting predictions for the nucleon and nuclear ISB contributions to the asymmetry is carried out. We conclude that, at the low momentum transfers of interest in recent measurements reported by the HAPPEX collaboration at Jefferson Lab, these contributions are of comparable magnitude to those associated with strangeness components in the nucleon electric form factor.

  7. Thermodynamics of the symmetry energy and the equation of state of isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wellenhofer, Corbinian; Kaiser, Norbert [Physik Department, Technische Universitaet Muenchen (Germany); Holt, Jeremy W. [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle (United States); Weise, Wolfram [Physik Department, Technische Universitaet Muenchen (Germany); ECT, Villa Tambosi, Trento (Italy)

    2015-07-01

    Knowledge of the thermodynamic properties of the nuclear symmetry energy is essential for the study of heavy-ion collisions and a multitude of astrophysical phenomena. In this work, we investigate the density and temperature dependence of the symmetry energy using many-body perturbation theory with microscopic chiral nuclear forces. The calculational methods and nuclear force models are benchmarked against empirical constraints for isospin-symmetric nuclear matter and the virial expansion of low-density neutron matter. It is found that whereas the symmetry free energy and entropy both increase uniformly with temperature, the symmetry energy exhibits almost universal behavior. Moreover, we show results for the equation of state of isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter, obtained from the parabolic approximation. The different thermodynamic instabilities at subsaturation densities are examined, and we construct the equation of state corresponding to an equilibrium liquid-gas phase transition by means of the generalized Maxwell construction for two-component fluids.

  8. Non-Abelian twisted kinks in chiral Gross-Neveu model with isospin

    CERN Document Server

    Thies, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The two-dimensional, massless Gross-Neveu model with Nc colors and SU(2) isospin is studied analytically in the large Nc limit. The chiral SU(2)L X SU(2)R symmetry is broken spontaneously in the vacuum. Twisted kinks connecting two arbitrary points on the vacuum manifold S3 are constructed, and their properties are explored. The phase diagram as a function of temperature, baryon- and isospin chemical potential is discussed, with special emphasis on inhomogeneous phases. The preferred form of the condensate is a product of the real kink crystal and the chiral spiral. Kink-kink scattering is solved, using the general solution of the multicomponent Bogoliubov-de Gennes equation recently presented by Takahashi.

  9. Isospin-symmetry-breaking effects in A∼70 nuclei within beyond-mean-field approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petrovici, A.; Andrei, O. [National Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, R-077125 Bucharest (Romania)

    2015-02-24

    Particular isospin-symmetry-breaking probes including Coulomb energy differences (CED), mirror energy differences (MED), and triplet energy differences (TED) manifest anomalies in the A∼70 isovector triplets of nuclei. The structure of proton-rich nuclei in the A∼70 mass region suggests shape coexistence and competition between pairing correlations in different channels. Recent results concerning the interplay between isospin-mixing and shape-coexistence effects on exotic phenomena in A∼70 nuclei obtained within the beyond-mean-field complex Excited Vampir variational model with symmetry projection before variation using a realistic effective interaction in a relatively large model space are presented. Excited Vampir predictions concerning the Gamow-Teller β decay to the odd-odd N=Z {sup 66}As and {sup 70}Br nuclei correlated with the pair structure analysis in the T=1 and T=0 channel of the involved wave functions are discussed.

  10. Nuclear response theory for spin-isospin excitations in a relativistic quasiparticle-phonon coupling framework

    CERN Document Server

    Robin, Caroline

    2016-01-01

    A new theoretical approach to spin-isospin excitations in open-shell nuclei is presented. The developed method is based on the relativistic meson-exchange nuclear Lagrangian of Quantum Hadrodynamics and extends the response theory for superfluid nuclear systems beyond relativistic quasiparticle random phase approximation in the proton-neutron channel (pn-RQRPA). The coupling between quasiparticle degrees of freedom and collective vibrations (phonons) introduces a time-dependent effective interaction, in addition to the exchange of pion and $\\rho$-meson taken into account without retardation. The time-dependent contributions are treated in the resonant time-blocking approximation, in analogy to previously developed relativistic quasiparticle time blocking approximation (RQTBA) in the neutral (non-isospin-flip) channel. The new method is called proton-neutron RQTBA (pn-RQTBA) and applied to Gamow-Teller resonance in a chain of neutron-rich Nickel isotopes $^{68-78}$Ni. A strong fragmentation of the resonance al...

  11. Isospin mixing within the symmetry restored density functional theory and beyond

    CERN Document Server

    Satula, W; Konieczka, M; Nazarewicz, W

    2014-01-01

    We present results of systematic calculations of the isospin-symmetry-breaking corrections to the superallowed I=$0+,T=1 --> I=0+,T=1 beta-decays, based on the self-consistent isospin- and angular-momentum-projected nuclear density functional theory (DFT). We discuss theoretical uncertainties of the formalism related to the basis truncation, parametrization of the underlying energy density functional, and ambiguities related to determination of Slater determinants in odd-odd nuclei. A generalization of the double-projected DFT model towards a no core shell-model-like configuration-mixing approach is formulated and implemented. We also discuss new opportunities in charge-symmetry- and charge-independence-breaking studies offered by the newly developed DFT formalism involving proton-neutron mixing in the particle-hole channel.

  12. Isospin transport in 84Kr + 112,124Sn collisions at Fermi energies

    CERN Document Server

    Barlini, S; Casini, G; Maurenzig, P R; Olmi, A; Bini, M; Carboni, S; Pasquali, G; Poggi, G; Stefanini, A A; Bougault, R; Bonnet, E; Borderie, B; Chbihi, A; Frankland, J D; Gruyer, D; Lopez, O; Neindre, N Le; Parlog, M; Rivet, M F; Vient, E; Rosato, E; Spadaccini, G; Vigilante, M; Bruno, M; Marchi, T; Morelli, L; Cinausero, M; Degerlier, M; Gramegna, F; Kozik, T; Twarog, T; Alba, R; Maiolino, C; Santonocito, D

    2013-01-01

    Isotopically resolved fragments with Z<=20 have been studied with high resolution telescopes in a test run for the FAZIA collaboration. The fragments were produced by the collision of a 84Kr beam at 35 MeV/nucleon with a n-rich (124Sn) and a n-poor (112Sn) target. The fragments, detected close to the grazing angle, are mainly emitted from the phase-space region of the projectile. The fragment isotopic content clearly depends on the n-richness of the target and it is a direct evidence of isospin diffusion between projectile and target. The observed enhanced neutron richness of light fragments emitted from the phase-space region close to the center of mass of the system can be interpreted as an effect of isospin drift in the diluted neck region.

  13. Isospin transport in 84Kr+112,124Sn collisions at Fermi energies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlini, S.; Piantelli, S.; Casini, G.; Maurenzig, P. R.; Olmi, A.; Bini, M.; Carboni, S.; Pasquali, G.; Poggi, G.; Stefanini, A. A.; Bougault, R.; Bonnet, E.; Borderie, B.; Chbihi, A.; Frankland, J. D.; Gruyer, D.; Lopez, O.; Le Neindre, N.; Pârlog, M.; Rivet, M. F.; Vient, E.; Rosato, E.; Spadaccini, G.; Vigilante, M.; Bruno, M.; Marchi, T.; Morelli, L.; Cinausero, M.; Degerlier, M.; Gramegna, F.; Kozik, T.; Twaróg, T.; Alba, R.; Maiolino, C.; Santonocito, D.

    2013-05-01

    Isotopically resolved fragments with Z≲20 have been studied with a high-resolution telescope in a test run for the FAZIA Collaboration. The fragments were produced by the collision of a 84Kr beam at 35 MeV/nucleon with a neutron-rich (124Sn) and a neutron-poor (112Sn) target. The fragments, detected close to the grazing angle, are mainly emitted from the phase-space region of the projectile. The fragment isotopic content clearly depends on the neutron richness of the target and this is direct evidence of isospin diffusion between projectile and target. The observed enhanced neutron richness of light fragments emitted from the phase-space region close to the center of mass of the system can be interpreted as an effect of isospin drift in the diluted neck region.

  14. Measurement of isospin mixing at a finite temperature in 80Zr via giant dipole resonance decay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corsi, A.; Wieland, O.; Barlini, S.; Bracco, A.; Camera, F.; Kravchuk, V. L.; Baiocco, G.; Bardelli, L.; Benzoni, G.; Bini, M.; Blasi, N.; Brambilla, S.; Bruno, M.; Casini, G.; Ciemala, M.; Cinausero, M.; Crespi, F. C. L.; D'Agostino, M.; Degerlier, M.; Giaz, A.; Gramegna, F.; Kmiecik, M.; Leoni, S.; Maj, A.; Marchi, T.; Mazurek, K.; Meczynski, W.; Million, B.; Montanari, D.; Morelli, L.; Myalski, S.; Nannini, A.; Nicolini, R.; Pasquali, G.; Poggi, G.; Vandone, V.; Vannini, G.

    2011-10-01

    Isospin mixing in the hot compound nucleus 80Zr was studied by measuring and comparing the γ-ray emission from the fusion reactions 40Ca+40Ca at Ebeam=200 MeV and 37Cl+44Ca at Ebeam=153 MeV. The γ yield associated with the giant dipole resonance is found to be different in the two reactions because, in self-conjugate nuclei, the E1 selection rules forbid the decay between states with isospin I=0. The degree of mixing is deduced from statistical-model analysis of the γ-ray spectrum emitted by the compound nucleus 80Zr with the standard parameters deduced from the γ decay of the nucleus 81Rb. The results are used to deduce the zero-temperature value, which is then compared with the latest predictions. The Coulomb spreading width is found to be independent of temperature.

  15. Stressed Cooper pairing in QCD at high isospin density: effective Lagrangian and random matrix theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanazawa, Takuya; Wettig, Tilo

    2014-10-01

    We generalize QCD at asymptotically large isospin chemical potential to an arbitrary even number of flavors. We also allow for small quark chemical potentials, which stress the coincident Fermi surfaces of the paired quarks and lead to a sign problem in Monte Carlo simulations. We derive the corresponding low-energy effective theory in both p- and ɛ-expansion and quantify the severity of the sign problem. We construct the random matrix theory describing our physical situation and show that it can be mapped to a known random matrix theory at low baryon density so that new insights can be gained without additional calculations. In particular, we explain the Silver Blaze phenomenon at high isospin density. We also introduce stressed singular values of the Dirac operator and relate them to the pionic condensate. Finally we comment on extensions of our work to two-color QCD.

  16. Size of isospin breaking in charged $K_{l4}$ decay

    CERN Document Server

    Nehme, A

    2005-01-01

    We evaluate the size of isospin breaking corrections to form factors f and g of the K/sub l4/ decay process K/sup +/ to pi /sup +/ pi /sup -/l/sup +/vl which is actually measured by the extended NA48 setup at CERN. We found that, keeping apart the effect of Coulomb interaction, isospin breaking does not affect the moduli. This is due to the cancellation between corrections of electromagnetic origin and those generated by the difference between up and down quark masses. On the other hand, electromagnetism affects considerably the phases if the infrared divergence is dropped out using a minimal subtraction scheme. Consequently, the greatest care must be taken in the extraction of pi pi phase shifts from experiment.

  17. Electroweak penguins in isospin-violating B{sub s} decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hofer, Lars; Scherer, Dominik [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Vernazza, Leonardo [Johannes-Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    During the last decade, experimental data from B{yields}K{pi} decays has caused many discussions about deviations from Standard Model predictions and their possible explanation by New Physics. In particular, models which allow for enhanced electroweak penguins have been investigated in this context since they allow for sizeable isospin-violating effects. We study the consequences of such enhanced electroweak penguins in the purely isospin-violating decays B{sub s}{yields}{phi}{pi} and B{sub s}{yields}{phi}{rho}. The branching fractions of these modes are highly sensitive to New Physics in EW penguins and are thus an interesting topic for LHCb and super-B-factories, complementary to precise B{yields}K{pi} measurements.

  18. Electroweak penguins in isospin-violating B{sub s} decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scherer, Dominik; Hofer, Lars [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology - KIT, P.O. Box 3640, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Vernazza, Leonardo [Institut fuer Physik - WA THEP, Johannes-Gutenberg-Universitaet, 55099 Mainz (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    During the last decade, experimental data from B {yields} K {pi} decays has caused many discussions about deviations from Standard Model predictions and their possible explanation by New Physics. In particular, models which allow for enhanced electroweak penguins have been investigated in this context since they allow for sizeable isospin-violating effects. We study the consequences of such enhanced electroweak penguins in the purely isospin-violating decays B{sub s} {yields} {phi} {rho} and B{sub s} {yields} {phi} {pi}. The branching fractions of these modes are highly sensitive to New Physics in EW penguins and are thus an interesting topic for LHCb and Super-B-factories, complementary to precise B {yields} K {pi} measurements. (author)

  19. Isospin tracing a probe of non-equilibrium in central heavy-ion collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Rami, F; De Schauenburg, B; Gobbi, A; Hong, B; Alard, J P; Andronic, A; Averbeck, R; Barret, V; Basrak, Z; Bastid, N; Belyaev, I; Bendarag, A; Berek, G; Caplar, R; Cindro, N; Crochet, Philippe; Devismes, A; Dupieux, P; Dzelalija, M; Eskef, M; Finck, C; Fodor, Z; Folger, H; Fraysse, L; Genoux-Lubain, A; Grigorian, Yu I; Grishkin, Yu L; Herrmann, N; Hildenbrand, K D; Kecskeméti, J; Kim, Y J; Koczón, P; Kirejczyk, M; Korolija, M; Kotte, R; Kowalczyk, M; Kress, T; Kutsche, R; Lebedev, A; Lee, K S; Man'ko, V I; Merlitz, H; Mohren, S; Moisa, D; Mösner, J; Neubert, W; Nyanin, A; Pelte, D; Petrovici, M; Pinkenburg, C H; Plettner, C; Reisdorf, W; Ritman, J L; Schüll, D; Seres, Z; Sikora, B; Sim, K S; Simion, V; Siwek-Wilczynska, K; Somov, A; Stockmeier, M R; Stoicea, G; Vasilev, M; Wagner, P; Wisniewski, K; Wohlfarth, D; Yang, J T; Yushmanov, I E; Zhilin, A V

    2000-01-01

    Four different combinations of $^{96}_{44}$Ru and $^{96}_{40}$Zr nuclei, both as projectile and target, were investigated at the same bombarding energy of 400$A$ MeV using a $4 \\pi$ detector. The degree of isospin mixing between projectile and target nucleons is mapped across a large portion of the phase space using two different isospin-tracer observables, the number of measured protons and the ${\\rm t}/^{3}{\\rm He}$ yield ratio. The experimental results show that the global equilibrium is not reached even in the most central collisions. Quantitative measures of stopping and mixing are extracted from the data. They are found to exhibit a quite strong sensitivity to the in-medium (n,n) cross section used in microscopic transport calculations.

  20. Isospin Projected Antisymmetrized Molecular Dynamics and its Application to ${}^{10}$B

    CERN Document Server

    Morita, Hiroyuki

    2016-01-01

    To investigate $pn$ pair correlations in $N=Z=\\textrm{odd}$ nuclei, we develop a new framework based on the generator coordinate method of the $\\beta\\gamma$ constraint antisymmetrized molecular dynamics. In the framework, the isospin projection is performed before the energy variation to obtain the wave function optimized for each isospin. We apply the method to ${}^{10} \\textrm{B}$ and show that it works well to describe coexistence of $T=0$ and $T=1$ states in low-energy spectra. Structures of low-lying states and $pn$ correlations are investigated. Strong $M1$($0^+_1\\rightarrow 1^+_1$) and $E2$($1^+_1\\rightarrow 1^+_2$) transitions are understood by the spin excitation of the $pn$ pair and the rotation of a deformed core, respectively.

  1. Isospin breaking in pion-deuteron scattering and the pion-nucleon scattering lengths

    CERN Document Server

    Hoferichter, Martin; Hanhart, Christoph; Kubis, Bastian; Nogga, Andreas; Phillips, Daniel R

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, high-accuracy data for pionic hydrogen and deuterium have become the primary source of information on the pion-nucleon scattering lengths. Matching the experimental precision requires, in particular, the study of isospin-breaking corrections both in pion-nucleon and pion-deuteron scattering. We review the mechanisms that lead to the cancellation of potentially enhanced virtual-photon corrections in the pion-deuteron system, and discuss the subtleties regarding the definition of the pion-nucleon scattering lengths in the presence of electromagnetic interactions by comparing to nucleon-nucleon scattering. Based on the pi^{+/-} p channels we find for the virtual-photon-subtracted scattering lengths in the isospin basis a^{1/2}=(170.5 +/- 2.0) x 10^{-3} mpi^{-1} and a^{3/2}=(-86.5 +/- 1.8) x 10^{-3} mpi^{-1}.

  2. Constraining the Symmetry Energy: A Journey in the Isospin Physics from Coulomb Barrier to Deconfinement

    CERN Document Server

    Di Toro, M; Greco, V; Ferini, G; Rizzo, C; Rizzo, J; Baran, V; Gaitanos, T; Prassa, V; Wolter, H H; Zielinska-Pfabé, M

    2007-01-01

    Heavy Ion Collisions (HIC) represent a unique tool to probe the in-medium nuclear interaction in regions away from saturation. In this work we present a selection of reaction observables in dissipative collisions particularly sensitive to the isovector part of the interaction, i.e. to the symmetry term of the nuclear Equation of State (EoS). At low energies the behavior of the symmetry energy around saturation influences dissipation and fragment production mechanisms. We will first discuss the recently observed Dynamical Dipole Radiation, due to a collective neutron-proton oscillation during the charge equilibration in fusion and deep-inelastic collisions. Important Iso-EOS effects are stressed. Reactions induced by unstable 132Sn beams appear to be very promising tools to test the sub-saturation Isovector EoS. New Isospin sensitive observables are also presented for deep-inelastic, fragmentation collisions and Isospin equilibration measurements (Imbalance Ratios). The high density symmetry term can be derive...

  3. Isospin violation in low-energy pion-nucleon scattering revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Hoferichter, Martin; Meißner, Ulf-G

    2009-01-01

    We calculate isospin breaking in pion-nucleon scattering in the threshold region in the framework of covariant baryon chiral perturbation theory. All effects due to quark mass differences as well as real and virtual photons are consistently included. As an application, we discuss the energy dependence of the triangle relation that connects elastic scattering on the proton pi+- p --> pi+- p with the charge exchange reaction pi- p --> pi0 n.

  4. Phase Diagram of Wilson and Twisted Mass Fermions at finite isospin chemical potential

    CERN Document Server

    Kieburg, M; Verbaarschot, J J M; Zafeiropoulos, S

    2014-01-01

    Wilson Fermions with untwisted and twisted mass are widely used in lattice simulations. Therefore one important question is whether the twist angle and the lattice spacing affect the phase diagram. We briefly report on the study of the phase diagram of QCD in the parameter space of the degenerate quark masses, isospin chemical potential, lattice spacing, and twist angle by employing chiral perturbation theory. Moreover we calculate the pion masses and their dependence on these four parameters.

  5. Isospin effects in heavy-ion reactions: Results from transport theories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colonna M.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We discuss recent studies, within the framework of transport theories, on heavy ion reactions between charge asymmetric systems, from low up to Fermi energies. We focus on isospin sensitive observables, aiming at extracting information on the density dependence of the isovector part of the nuclear effective interaction and of the nuclear symmetry energy. Results are critically reviewed, also trying to establish a link, when possible, between the outcome of different transport models.

  6. Isospin transport in 84Kr+112,124Sn reactions at Fermi energies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piantelli S.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Isospin transport phenomena in dissipative heavy ion collisions have been investigated at Fermi energies with a beam of 84Kr at 35AMeV. A comparison of the 〈N〉/Z of light and medium products forward-emitted in the centre of mass frame when the beam impinges on two different targets, the n-poor 112Sn and the n-rich 124Sn, is presented. Data were collected by means of a three-layer telescope with very good performances in terms of mass identification (full isotopic resolution up to Z ~ 20 for ions punching through the first detector layer built by the FAZIA Collaboration and located just beyond the grazing angle for both reactions. The 〈N〉/Z of the products detected when the n-rich target is used is always higher than that associated to the n-poor one; since the detector was able to measure only fragments coming from the QuasiProjectile decay and/or neck emission, the observed behaviour can be ascribed to the isospin diffusion process, driven by the isospin gradient between QuasiProjectile and QuasiTarget. Moreover, for light fragments the 〈N〉/Z as a function of the lab velocity of the fragment is observed to increase when we move from the QuasiProjectile velocity to the centre of mass (neck zone. This effect can be interpreted as an evidence of isospin drift driven by the density gradient between the QuasiProjectile zone (at normal density and the more diluted neck zone.

  7. Isospin breaking corrections to low-energy pi-K scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Nehme, A Z

    2002-01-01

    We evaluate the matrix elements for the processes pi^0 K^0 -> pi^0 K^0 and pi^- K^+ -> pi^0 K^0 in the presence of isospin breaking terms at leading and next-to-leading order. As a direct application the releveant combination of the S-wave scattering lengths involved in the pion-kaon atom lifetime is determined. We discuss the sensitivity of the results with respect to the input parameters.

  8. Motion of a Particle with Isospin in the Presence of a Monopole

    CERN Document Server

    Fernandes, R M; Fernandes, Rafael M.; Letelier, Patricio S.

    2005-01-01

    From a consistent expression for the quadriforce describing the interaction between a coloured particle and gauge fields, we investigate the relativistic motion of a particle with isospin interacting with a BPS monopole and with a Julia-Zee dyon. The analysis of such systems reveals the existence of unidimensional unbounded motion and asymptotic trajectories restricted to conical surfaces, which resembles the equivalent case of Electromagnetism.

  9. Isospin asymmetry dependence of the α spectroscopic factor for heavy nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seif, W. M.; Shalaby, M.; Alrakshy, M. F.

    2011-12-01

    Both the valence nucleons (holes) and the isospin asymmetry dependencies of the preformation probability of an α-cluster inside parents radioactive nuclei are investigated. The calculations are employed in the framework of the density-dependent cluster model of an α-decay process for the even-even spherical parents nuclei with protons number around the closed shell Z0 = 82 and neutrons number around the closed shells Z0 = 82 and Z0 = 126. The microscopic α-daughter nuclear interaction potential is calculated in the framework of the Hamiltonian energy density approach based on the SLy4 Skyrme-like effective interaction. Also, the calculations based on the realistic effective M3Y-Paris nucleon-nucleon force have been used to confirm the results. The calculations then proceed to find the assault frequency and the α penetration probability within the WKB approximation. The half-lives of the different mentioned α decays are then determined and have been used in turn to find the α spectroscopic factor. We found that the spectroscopic factor increases with increasing the isospin asymmetry of the parent nuclei if they have valence protons and neutrons. When the parent nuclei have neutron or proton holes in addition to the valence protons or neutrons, then the spectroscopic factor is found to decrease with increasing isospin asymmetry. The obtained results show also that the deduced spectroscopic factors follow individual linear behaviors as a function of the multiplication of the valence proton (Np) and neutron (Nn) numbers. These linear dependencies are correlated with the closed shells core (Z0,N0). The same individual linear behaviors are obtained as a function of the multiplication of NpNn and the isospin asymmetry parameter, NpNnI. Moreover, the whole deduced spectroscopic factors are found to exhibit a nearly general linear trend with the function NpNn/(Z0+N0).

  10. Precise Determination of 40Ti Mass by Measuring the 40Sc Isospin Analogue State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Wei-Ping(柳卫平); E. Roeckl; M. Pfützner; L. Chulkov; A. Piechaczek; R. Raabe; I. Reusen; G. Vancraeynest; A. Wohr; M. Hellstrom2; R. Collatz; J. Benlliure; D. Cortina Gil; F. Farget; H. Grawe; Z. Hu; N. Iwasa

    2001-01-01

    The mass of 40 Ti has been determined by using the isobaric multiplet mass equation method. The experimental data of the 40Tiβ-decay were used to determine the level of the isospin analogue state of 40Sc. The ground-state mass excess and the QEc value for 40 Ti were determined to be -9060 ± 12 keV and 11 466 ± 13keV, respectively.

  11. Observation of the isospin-violating decay J/psi -> phi pi(0)f(0) (980)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; Ai, X.C.; Albayrak, O.; Albrecht, M.; Ambrose, D.J.; Amoroso, A.; Bondarenko, O.; Haddadi, Z.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Loehner, H.; Messchendorp, J.G.; Tiemens, M.

    2015-01-01

    Using a sample of 1.31 x 10(9) J/psi events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, the decays J/psi -> phi pi(+)pi(-)pi(0) and J/psi -> phi pi(0)pi(0)pi(0) are investigated. The isospin- violating decay J/psi -> phi pi(0)f(0)(980) with f(0)(980)-> pi pi is observed for the first

  12. Observation of the isospin-violating decay J/psi -> phi pi(0)f(0) (980)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; Ai, X.C.; Albayrak, O.; Albrecht, M.; Ambrose, D.J.; Amoroso, A.; Bondarenko, O.; Haddadi, Z.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Loehner, H.; Messchendorp, J.G.; Tiemens, M.

    2015-01-01

    Using a sample of 1.31 x 10(9) J/psi events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, the decays J/psi -> phi pi(+)pi(-)pi(0) and J/psi -> phi pi(0)pi(0)pi(0) are investigated. The isospin- violating decay J/psi -> phi pi(0)f(0)(980) with f(0)(980)-> pi pi is observed for the first

  13. Measurements of the $\\Sigma_{c}^{0}$ and $\\Sigma_{c}^{++}$ Mass Splittings

    CERN Document Server

    Link, J M; Reyes, M; Yager, P M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Magnin, J; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Dos Reis, A C; Simão, F R A; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Méndez, H; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; Ramírez, J E; O'Reilly, B; Vaandering, E W; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E E; Gourlay, S A; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Sarwar, S; Zallo, A; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Park, K S; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Myung, S S; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Boschini, M; Brambilla, D; Caccianiga, B; Calandrino, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Giammarchi, M G; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Milazzo, L; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, A; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Torre, P; Viola, L; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, L; Mirles, M A; Montiel, E; Olaya, D; Quinones, J; Rivera, C; Zhang, Y; Copty, N K; Purohit, M; Wilson, J R; Cho, K; Handler, T; Engh, D; Johns, W E; Hosack, M; Nehring, M S; Sales, M; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Webster, M S; Sheaff, M; Kwon, Y J

    2000-01-01

    Using a high statistics sample of photoproduced charmed particles from the FOCUS experiment at Fermilab (FNAL-E831), we measure the mass splittings of the charmed baryons Sigma_c^0 and Sigma_c^{++}. We find M(Sigma_c^0 - Lambda_c^+) = 167.38 +/- 0.21 +/- 0.13 MeV/c^2 and M(Sigma_c^++ - Lambda_c^+) = 167.35 +/- 0.19 +/- 0.12 MeV/c^2 with samples of 362 +/- 36 and 461 +/- 39 events, respectively. We measure the isospin mass splitting M(Sigma_c^++ - Sigma_c^0) to be -0.03 +/- 0.28 +/- 0.11 Mev/c^2. The first errors are statistical and the second are systematic.

  14. Isospin transport in 84Kr+112,124Sn reactions at Fermi energies

    CERN Document Server

    Piantelli, S; Olmi, A; Barlini, S; Bini, M; Carboni, S; Maurenzig, P R; Pasquali, G; Poggi, G; Stefanini, A A; Bougault, R; LeNeindre, N; Lopez, O; Parlog, M; Vient, E; Bonnet, E; Chbihi, A; Frankland, J D; Gruyer, D; Rosato, E; Spadaccini, G; Vigilante, M; Borderie, B; Rivet, M F; Bruno, M; Morelli, L; Cinausero, M; Degerlier, M; Gramegna, F; Marchi, T; Alba, R; Maiolino, C; Santonocito, D; Kozik, T; Twarog, T

    2013-01-01

    Isospin transport phenomena in dissipative heavy ion collisions have been investigated at Fermi energies with a beam of 84Kr at 35AMeV. A comparison of the /Z of light and medium products forward-emitted in the centre of mass frame when the beam impinges on a n-poor 112Sn and a n-rich 124Sn targets is presented. Data were collected by means of a three-layer telescope with very good performances in terms of mass identification (full isotopic resolution up to Z about 20 for ions punching through the first detector layer) built by the FAZIA Collaboration and located just beyond the grazing angle for both reactions. The /Z of the decay products emitted when the n-rich target is used is always higher than that associated to the n-poor one. Since the detector was able to measure only fragments coming from the QuasiProjectile decay and/or neck emission, the observed behaviour can be ascribed to the isospin diffusion, driven by the isospin gradient between QuasiProjectile and QuasiTarget. Moreover, for light fragment...

  15. Impact of electromagnetism on phase structure for Wilson and twisted-mass fermions including isospin breaking

    CERN Document Server

    Horkel, Derek P

    2015-01-01

    In a recent paper we used chiral perturbation theory to determine the phase diagram and pion spectrum for Wilson and twisted-mass fermions at non-zero lattice spacing with non-degenerate up and down quarks. Here we extend this work to include the effects of electromagnetism, so that it is applicable to recent simulations incorporating all sources of isospin breaking. For Wilson fermions, we find that the phase diagram is unaffected by the inclusion of electromagnetism---the only effect is to raise the charged pion masses. For maximally twisted fermions, we previously took the twist and isospin-breaking directions to be different, in order that the fermion determinant is real and positive. However, this is incompatible with electromagnetic gauge invariance, and so here we take the twist to be in the isospin-breaking direction, following the RM123 collaboration. We map out the phase diagram in this case, which has not previously been studied. The results differ from those obtained with different twist and isosp...

  16. Role of the total isospin 3/2 component in three-nucleon reactions

    CERN Document Server

    Witala, H; Skibinski, R; Topolnicki, K; Epelbaum, E; Hebeler, K; Kamada, H; Krebs, H; Meissner, U -G; Nogga, A

    2016-01-01

    We discuss the role of the three-nucleon isospin T=3/2 amplitude in elastic neutron-deuteron scattering and in the deuteron breakup reaction. The contribution of this amplitude originates from charge-independence breaking of the nucleon-nucleon potential and is driven by the difference between neutron-neutron (proton-proton) and neutron-proton forces. We study the magnitude of that contribution to the elastic scattering and breakup observables, taking the locally regularized chiral N4LO nucleon-nucleon potential supplemented by the chiral N2LO three-nucleon force. For comparison we employ also the Av18 nucleon-nucleon potential combined with the Urbana IX three-nucleon force. We find that the isospin T=3/2 component is important for the breakup reaction and the proper treatment of charge-independence breaking in this case requires the inclusion of the 1S0 state with isospin T=3/2. For neutron-deuteron elastic scattering the T=3/2 contributions are insignificant and charge-independence breaking can be accounte...

  17. Isospin Effect on the Process of Multifragmentation and Dissipation at Intermediate Energy Heavy Ion Collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Liu Jian Ye; Zuo, W; Wang, S J; Zhao, Q; Guo, W J; Chen, B; Liu, Jian-Ye; Yang, Yan-Fang; Zuo, Wei; Wang, Shun-Jin; Zhao, Qiang; Guo, Wen-Jun; Chen, Bo

    2001-01-01

    In the simulation of intermediate energy heavy ion collisions by using the isospin dependent quantum molecular dynamics, the isospin effect on the process of multifragmentation and dissipation has been studied. It is found that the multiplicity of intermediate mass fragments $N_{imf}$ for the neutron-poor colliding system is always larger than that for the neutron-rich system, while the quadrupole of single particle momentum distribution $Q_{zz}$ for the neutron-poor colliding system is smaller than that of the neutron-rich system for all projectile-target combinations studied at the beam energies from about 50MeV/nucleon to 150MeV/nucleon. Since $Q_{zz}$ depends strongly on isospin dependence of in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross section and weakly on symmetry potential at the above beam energies, it may serve as a good probe to extract the information on the in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross section. The correlation between the multiplicity $N_{imf}$ of intermediate mass fragments and the total numer of charged ...

  18. Probing the hadron-quark mixed phase at high isospin and baryon density. Sensitive observables

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Di Toro, Massimo; Greco, Vincenzo [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy); University of Catania, Physics and Astronomy Dept., Catania (Italy); Colonna, Maria [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Catania (Italy); Shao, Guo-Yun [Xi' an Jiaotong University, Department of Applied Physics, Xi' an (China)

    2016-08-15

    We discuss the isospin effect on the possible phase transition from hadronic to quark matter at high baryon density and finite temperatures. The two-Equation of State (Two-EoS) model is adopted to describe the hadron-quark phase transition in dense matter formed in heavy-ion collisions. For the hadron sector we use Relativistic Mean-Field (RMF) effective models, already tested on heavy-ion collision (HIC). For the quark phase we consider various effective models, the MIT-Bag static picture, the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) approach with chiral dynamics and finally the NJL coupled to the Polyakov-loop field (PNJL), which includes both chiral and (de)confinement dynamics. The idea is to extract mixed phase properties which appear robust with respect to the model differences. In particular we focus on the phase transitions of isospin asymmetric matter, with two main results: (i) an earlier transition to a mixed hadron-quark phase, at lower baryon density/chemical potential with respect to symmetric matter; (ii) an ''Isospin Distillation'' to the quark component of the mixed phase, with predicted effects on the final hadron production. Possible observation signals are suggested to probe in heavy-ion collision experiments at intermediate energies, in the range of the NICA program. (orig.)

  19. Probing equilibration in HICs and symmetry energy by using isospin-related observables

    CERN Document Server

    Li Qi

    2002-01-01

    The authors have studied the equilibration with respect to isospin degree of freedom in four systems sup 9 sup 6 Ru + sup 9 sup 6 Ru, sup 9 sup 6 Ru + sup 9 sup 6 Zr, sup 9 sup 6 Zr + sup 9 sup 6 Ru, sup 9 sup 6 Zr + sup 9 sup 6 Zr at 100 MeV/u and 400 MeV/u with isospin dependent QMD. It is proposed that the neutron-proton differential rapidity distribution is a sensitive probe to the degree of equilibration with respect to the isospin degree of freedom. By analyzing the average N/Z ratio of emitted nucleons, light charged particles (LCP) and intermediate mass fragments (IMF), it is found that there exists memory effect in multifragmentation process. The average N/Z ratio of IMF reduces largely as beam energy increases from 100 MeV/u to 400 MeV/u, which may result from the change of the behavior of the isotope distribution of IMF. The isotope distribution of IMF does also show certain memory effect at 100 MeV/u case but not at 400 MeV/u case. The authors also found the rapidity distribution of differential n...

  20. Isospin and particle representations for quasi-bound state of kaonic clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Filikhin, Igor; Kezerashvili, Roman; Vlahovic, Branislav

    2017-01-01

    In the framework of the method of the Faddeev equations in configuration space, the NNK (I = 0) (and KK) kaonic cluster system including two identical particles is considered. We use the formalism of isospin and particle representations to describe the systems. The treatment of I = 1 and I = 0 isospin KN channels is discussed. The presence of the Coulomb force in ppK- channel violates the isospin symmetry of the NNK (I = 0) system. According to the particle representation, NNK is a two-level system of coupled ppK- and ppnl channels with and without the Coulomb energy, respectively. The results of calculations for the bound states with the phenomenological and chiral motivated KN potentials are given for different representations. In particular, new single channel calculations for the ppK- (and K-K- p) cluster are presented. It is shown that the exchange of identical particles plays an important role in the formation of a bound state of the systems. The relation of the exchange and the three-body mass rearrangement effects is discussed. This work is supported by the National Science Foundation grant Supplement to the NSF grant HRD-1345219 and NASA (NNX09AV07A).

  1. Measurement of the isospin asymmetry in $B \\to K^{(*)}\\mu^+ \\mu^-$ decays

    CERN Document Server

    Aaij, R; Adametz, A; Adeva, B; Adinolfi, M; Adrover, C; Affolder, A; Ajaltouni, Z; Albrecht, J; Alessio, F; Alexander, M; Ali, S; Alkhazov, G; Alvarez Cartelle, P; Alves Jr, A A; Amato, S; Amhis, Y; Anderson, J; Appleby, R B; Aquines Gutierrez, O; Archilli, F; Artamonov, A; Artuso, M; Aslanides, E; Auriemma, G; Bachmann, S; Back, J J; Balagura, V; Baldini, W; Barlow, R J; Barschel, C; Barsuk, S; Barter, W; Bates, A; Bauer, C; Bauer, Th; Bay, A; Beddow, J; Bediaga, I; Belogurov, S; Belous, K; Belyaev, I; Ben-Haim, E; Benayoun, M; Bencivenni, G; Benson, S; Benton, J; Bernet, R; Bettler, M -O; van Beuzekom, M; Bien, A; Bifani, S; Bird, T; Bizzeti, A; Bjørnstad, P M; Blake, T; Blanc, F; Blanks, C; Blouw, J; Blusk, S; Bobrov, A; Bocci, V; Bondar, A; Bondar, N; Bonivento, W; Borghi, S; Borgia, A; Bowcock, T J V; Bozzi, C; Brambach, T; van den Brand, J; Bressieux, J; Brett, D; Britsch, M; Britton, T; Brook, N H; Brown, H; Büchler-Germann, A; Burducea, I; Bursche, A; Buytaert, J; Cadeddu, S; Callot, O; Calvi, M; Calvo Gomez, M; Camboni, A; Campana, P; Carbone, A; Carboni, G; Cardinale, R; Cardini, A; Carson, L; Carvalho Akiba, K; Casse, G; Cattaneo, M; Cauet, Ch; Charles, M; Charpentier, Ph; Chen, P; Chiapolini, N; Chrzaszcz, M; Ciba, K; Cid Vidal, X; Ciezarek, G; Clarke, P E L; Clemencic, M; Cliff, H V; Closier, J; Coca, C; Coco, V; Cogan, J; Cogneras, E; Collins, P; Comerma-Montells, A; Contu, A; Cook, A; Coombes, M; Corti, G; Couturier, B; Cowan, G A; Craik, D; Currie, R; D'Ambrosio, C; David, P; David, P N Y; De Bonis, I; De Bruyn, K; De Capua, S; De Cian, M; De Miranda, J M; De Paula, L; De Simone, P; Decamp, D; Deckenhoff, M; Degaudenzi, H; Del Buono, L; Deplano, C; Derkach, D; Deschamps, O; Dettori, F; Dickens, J; Dijkstra, H; Diniz Batista, P; Domingo Bonal, F; Donleavy, S; Dordei, F; Dosil Suárez, A; Dossett, D; Dovbnya, A; Dupertuis, F; Dzhelyadin, R; Dziurda, A; Dzyuba, A; Easo, S; Egede, U; Egorychev, V; Eidelman, S; van Eijk, D; Eisele, F; Eisenhardt, S; Ekelhof, R; Eklund, L; El Rifai, I; Elsasser, Ch; Elsby, D; Esperante Pereira, D; Falabella, A; Färber, C; Fardell, G; Farinelli, C; Farry, S; Fave, V; Fernandez Albor, V; Ferro-Luzzi, M; Filippov, S; Fitzpatrick, C; Fontana, M; Fontanelli, F; Forty, R; Francisco, O; Frank, M; Frei, C; Frosini, M; Furcas, S; Gallas Torreira, A; Galli, D; Gandelman, M; Gandini, P; Gao, Y; Garnier, J-C; Garofoli, J; Garra Tico, J; Garrido, L; Gascon, D; Gaspar, C; Gauld, R; Gauvin, N; Gersabeck, M; Gershon, T; Ghez, Ph; Gibson, V; Gligorov, V V; Göbel, C; Golubkov, D; Golutvin, A; Gomes, A; Gordon, H; Grabalosa Gándara, M; Graciani Diaz, R; Granado Cardoso, L A; Graugés, E; Graziani, G; Grecu, A; Greening, E; Gregson, S; Grünberg, O; Gui, B; Gushchin, E; Guz, Yu; Gys, T; Hadjivasiliou, C; Haefeli, G; Haen, C; Haines, S C; Hampson, T; Hansmann-Menzemer, S; Harnew, N; Harnew, S T; Harrison, J; Harrison, P F; Hartmann, T; He, J; Heijne, V; Hennessy, K; Henrard, P; Hernando Morata, J A; van Herwijnen, E; Hicks, E; Hoballah, M; Hopchev, P; Hulsbergen, W; Hunt, P; Huse, T; Huston, R S; Hutchcroft, D; Hynds, D; Iakovenko, V; Ilten, P; Imong, J; Jacobsson, R; Jaeger, A; Jahjah Hussein, M; Jans, E; Jansen, F; Jaton, P; Jean-Marie, B; Jing, F; John, M; Johnson, D; Jones, C R; Jost, B; Kaballo, M; Kandybei, S; Karacson, M; Karbach, T M; Keaveney, J; Kenyon, I R; Kerzel, U; Ketel, T; Keune, A; Khanji, B; Kim, Y M; Knecht, M; Kochebina, O; Komarov, I; Koopman, R F; Koppenburg, P; Korolev, M; Kozlinskiy, A; Kravchuk, L; Kreplin, K; Kreps, M; Krocker, G; Krokovny, P; Kruse, F; Kruzelecki, K; Kucharczyk, M; Kudryavtsev, V; Kvaratskheliya, T; La Thi, V N; Lacarrere, D; Lafferty, G; Lai, A; Lambert, D; Lambert, R W; Lanciotti, E; Lanfranchi, G; Langenbruch, C; Latham, T; Lazzeroni, C; Le Gac, R; van Leerdam, J; Lees, J -P; Lefèvre, R; Leflat, A; Lefrançois, J; Leroy, O; Lesiak, T; Li, L; Li, Y; Li Gioi, L; Lieng, M; Liles, M; Lindner, R; Linn, C; Liu, B; Liu, G; von Loeben, J; Lopes, J H; Lopez Asamar, E; Lopez-March, N; Lu, H; Luisier, J; Mac Raighne, A; Machefert, F; Machikhiliyan, I V; Maciuc, F; Maev, O; Magnin, J; Malde, S; Mamunur, R M D; Manca, G; Mancinelli, G; Mangiafave, N; Marconi, U; Märki, R; Marks, J; Martellotti, G; Martens, A; Martin, L; Martín Sánchez, A; Martinelli, M; Martinez Santos, D; Massafferri, A; Mathe, Z; Matteuzzi, C; Matveev, M; Maurice, E; Maynard, B; Mazurov, A; McCarthy, J; McGregor, G; McNulty, R; Meissner, M; Merk, M; Merkel, J; Milanes, D A; Minard, M -N; Molina Rodriguez, J; Monteil, S; Moran, D; Morawski, P; Mountain, R; Mous, I; Muheim, F; Müller, K; Muresan, R; Muryn, B; Muster, B; Mylroie-Smith, J; Naik, P; Nakada, T; Nandakumar, R; Nasteva, I; Needham, M; Neufeld, N; Nguyen, A D; Nguyen-Mau, C; Nicol, M; Niess, V; Nikitin, N; Nikodem, T; Nomerotski, A; Novoselov, A; Oblakowska-Mucha, A; Obraztsov, V; Oggero, S; Ogilvy, S; Okhrimenko, O; Oldeman, R; Orlandea, M; Otalora Goicochea, J M; Owen, P; Pal, B K; Palacios, J; Palano, A; Palutan, M; Panman, J; Papanestis, A; Pappagallo, M; Parkes, C; Parkinson, C J; Passaleva, G; Patel, G D; Patel, M; Patrick, G N; Patrignani, C; Pavel-Nicorescu, C; Pazos Alvarez, A; Pellegrino, A; Penso, G; Pepe Altarelli, M; Perazzini, S; Perego, D L; Perez Trigo, E; Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, A; Perret, P; Perrin-Terrin, M; Pessina, G; Petrolini, A; Phan, A; Picatoste Olloqui, E; Pie Valls, B; Pietrzyk, B; Pilař, T; Pinci, D; Plackett, R; Playfer, S; Plo Casasus, M; Polci, F; Polok, G; Poluektov, A; Polycarpo, E; Popov, D; Popovici, B; Potterat, C; Powell, A; Prisciandaro, J; Pugatch, V; Puig Navarro, A; Qian, W; Rademacker, J H; Rakotomiaramanana, B; Rangel, M S; Raniuk, I; Raven, G; Redford, S; Reid, M M; dos Reis, A C; Ricciardi, S; Richards, A; Rinnert, K; Roa Romero, D A; Robbe, P; Rodrigues, E; Rodrigues, F; Rodriguez Perez, P; Rogers, G J; Roiser, S; Romanovsky, V; Rosello, M; Rouvinet, J; Ruf, T; Ruiz, H; Sabatino, G; Saborido Silva, J J; Sagidova, N; Sail, P; Saitta, B; Salzmann, C; Sanmartin Sedes, B; Sannino, M; Santacesaria, R; Santamarina Rios, C; Santinelli, R; Santovetti, E; Sapunov, M; Sarti, A; Satriano, C; Satta, A; Savrie, M; Savrina, D; Schaack, P; Schiller, M; Schindler, H; Schleich, S; Schlupp, M; Schmelling, M; Schmidt, B; Schneider, O; Schopper, A; Schune, M -H; Schwemmer, R; Sciascia, B; Sciubba, A; Seco, M; Semennikov, A; Senderowska, K; Sepp, I; Serra, N; Serrano, J; Seyfert, P; Shapkin, M; Shapoval, I; Shatalov, P; Shcheglov, Y; Shears, T; Shekhtman, L; Shevchenko, O; Shevchenko, V; Shires, A; Silva Coutinho, R; Skwarnicki, T; Smith, N A; Smith, E; Smith, M; Sobczak, K; Soler, F J P; Solomin, A; Soomro, F; Souza, D; Souza De Paula, B; Spaan, B; Sparkes, A; Spradlin, P; Stagni, F; Stahl, S; Steinkamp, O; Stoica, S; Stone, S; Storaci, B; Straticiuc, M; Straumann, U; Subbiah, V K; Swientek, S; Szczekowski, M; Szczypka, P; Szumlak, T; T'Jampens, S; Teklishyn, M; Teodorescu, E; Teubert, F; Thomas, C; Thomas, E; van Tilburg, J; Tisserand, V; Tobin, M; Tolk, S; Topp-Joergensen, S; Torr, N; Tournefier, E; Tourneur, S; Tran, M T; Tsaregorodtsev, A; Tuning, N; Ubeda Garcia, M; Ukleja, A; Uwer, U; Vagnoni, V; Valenti, G; Vazquez Gomez, R; Vazquez Regueiro, P; Vecchi, S; Velthuis, J J; Veltri, M; Vesterinen, M; Viaud, B; Videau, I; Vieira, D; Vilasis-Cardona, X; Visniakov, J; Vollhardt, A; Volyanskyy, D; Voong, D; Vorobyev, A; Vorobyev, V; Voß, C; Voss, H; Waldi, R; Wallace, R; Wandernoth, S; Wang, J; Ward, D R; Watson, N K; Webber, A D; Websdale, D; Whitehead, M; Wicht, J; Wiedner, D; Wiggers, L; Wilkinson, G; Williams, M P; Williams, M; Wilson, F F; Wishahi, J; Witek, M; Witzeling, W; Wotton, S A; Wright, S; Wu, S; Wyllie, K; Xie, Y; Xing, F; Xing, Z; Yang, Z; Young, R; Yuan, X; Yushchenko, O; Zangoli, M; Zavertyaev, M; Zhang, F; Zhang, L; Zhang, W C; Zhang, Y; Zhelezov, A; Zhong, L; Zvyagin, A

    2012-01-01

    The isospin asymmetries of $B \\to K^{(*)}\\mu^+\\mu^-$ decays and the partial branching fractions of $B^0 \\to K^0\\mu^+\\mu^-$ and $B^+ \\to K^{*+}\\mu^+\\mu^-$ are measured as a function of the di-muon mass squared $q^2$ using an integrated luminosity of 1.0 fb$^{-1}$ collected with the LHCb detector. The $B \\to K\\mu^+\\mu^-$ isospin asymmetry integrated over $q^2$ is negative, deviating from zero with over 4 $\\sigma$ significance. The $B \\to K^{*}\\mu^+\\mu^-$ decay measurements are consistent with the Standard Model prediction of negligible isospin asymmetry. The observation of the decay $B^0 \\to K^0_{\\rm\\scriptscriptstyle S}\\mu^+\\mu^-$ is reported with 5.7 $\\sigma$ significance. Assuming that the branching fraction of $B^0 \\to K^0\\mu^+\\mu^-$ is twice that of $B^0 \\to K^0_{\\rm\\scriptscriptstyle S}\\mu^+\\mu^-$, the branching fractions of $B^0 \\to K^0\\mu^+\\mu^-$ and $B \\to K^{*+}\\mu^+\\mu^-$ are found to be ($0.31^{+0.07}_{-0.06}) \\times 10^{-6}$ and ($1.16\\pm0.19) \\times 10^{-6}$, respectively.

  2. Generalized isospin, generalized mass groups, and generalized Gell-Mann--Okubo formalism

    CERN Document Server

    Beaudoin, N; Sandapen, R

    2013-01-01

    The current concepts of isospin and baryon mass groups are only well-adapted to deal with baryon multiplets involving both the u and d quarks, and some other quark k. In this paper, we generalize isospin and mass groups to accommodate baryon multiplets involving quarks of any flavor, and the Gell-Mann--Okubo (GMO) formalism is generalized accordingly. Generalized isospin proves to be a simple and valuable framework when working in non-udk baryon multiplets, and provides new quantum numbers that allows us to distinguish \\Lambda-like baryons from \\Sigma-like baryons in the non-udk multiplets. The generalized GMO formalism allows us to quantify the quality of flavor symmetries seen in baryon multiplets, and also allows us to predict the masses of all observable J^P = 1/2^+ and 3/2^+ baryons with an estimated accuracy on the order of 50 MeV in the worst cases, on mass scales that span anywhere from 1000 MeV to 15000 MeV.

  3. Low Energy Effective Theory of QCD at High Isospin Chemical Potential

    CERN Document Server

    Cohen, Thomas D

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to arrive at a low energy effective theory of QCD with two massless flavors of quarks at very high isospin density and zero baryon density. In a seminal paper by Son and Stephanov in the year 2001, it was conjectured that the low energy dynamics of QCD with two light flavors at asymptotically high isospin density was described by that of a pure Yang-Mills effective Lagrangian. Since the existence of a first order deconfinement phase transition with increasing temperature is a feature of every pure SU(N) Yang-Mills theory with N greater than or equal to 3, the regime considered in this paper is also expected to exhibit a first order deconfinement phase transition with increasing temperature. However, the low energy constants(LEC) of this pure Yang-Mills theory have not been calculated till date. We calculate the LEC s for this effective theory which in turn enables us to calculate the critical temperature of the deconfinement transition as a function of the isospin chemical potential ...

  4. Quark Matter at High Density based on Extended Confined-isospin-density-dependent-mass Model

    CERN Document Server

    Qauli, A I

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the effect of the inclusion of relativistic Coulomb terms in a confined-isospin-density-dependent-mass (CIDDM) model of strange quark matter (SQM). We found that if we include Coulomb term in scalar density form, SQM equation of state (EOS) at high densities is stiffer but if we include Coulomb term in vector density form is softer than that of standard CIDDM model. We also investigate systematically the role of each term of the extended CIDDM model. Compared with what was reported in Ref.~\\cite {ref:isospin}, we found the stiffness of SQM EOS is controlled by the interplay among the the oscillator harmonic, isospin asymmetry and Coulomb contributions depending on the parameter's range of these terms. We have found that the absolute stable condition of SQM and the mass of 2 $M_\\odot$ pulsars can constrain the parameter of oscillator harmonic $\\kappa_1$ $\\approx 0.53$ in the case Coulomb term excluded. If the Coulomb term is included, for the models with their parameters are consistent with SQM ...

  5. Compound nucleus evaporative decay as a probe for the isospin dependence of the level density

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moro, R.; Brondi, A.; La Rana, G.; Vardaci, E. [Universita di Napoli ' ' Federico II' ' , Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Napoli (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Napoli (Italy); Gelli, N. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Firenze (Italy); Barbui, M.; Lunardon, M.; Montagnoli, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Padova (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Padova (Italy); Boiano, A.; Di Nitto, A.; Ordine, A.; Trotta, M. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Napoli (Italy); Cinausero, M.; Fioretto, E.; Prete, G.; Rizzi, V. [Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro dell' Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Legnaro (Italy); Fabris, D. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Padova (Italy); Lucarelli, F. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Firenze (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Firenze (Italy)

    2012-11-15

    The evaporative decay of the compound nucleus {sup 139}Eu produced by the 180MeV {sup 32}S + {sup 107}Ag reaction was studied with the aim to test the empirical isospin expressions of the level density, recently appeared in the literature. We measured light charged particle spectra and angular correlations in coincidence with the evaporation residues and the invariant velocity distribution of the evaporation residues. In addition, an independent experiment was performed on the reaction {sup 32}S + {sup 109}Ag at the same incident energy. Evaporation residue angular distribution was measured and the fusion-evaporation cross-section was determined. All the measured quantities are compared with the predictions of different level density prescriptions: (a) isospin independence, (b) a dependence from N - Z and (c) a dependence from Z-Z{sub 0} as proposed by Al-Quraishi et al. Results show that the predictions of the Z-Z{sub 0} dependence are far off the experimental data for all the measured observables. Regarding the isospin independent prescription and the N - Z dependence, although no great differences appear between their predictions the N - Z prescription seems to better describe the experimental data. (orig.)

  6. Structural and isospin effects on balance energy and transition energy via different nuclear charge radii parameterizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sangeeta; Kaur, Varinderjit

    2017-10-01

    The structural and isospin effects have been studied through isospin dependent and independent nuclear charge radii parameterizations on the collective flow within the framework of Isospin-dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamics (IQMD) model. The calculations have been carried out by using two approaches: (i) for the reaction series having fixed N / Z ratio and (ii) for the isobaric reaction series with different N / Z ratio. Our results indicate that there is a considerable effect of radii parameterizations on the excitation function of reduced flow (∂v1/∂Yred) and elliptical flow (v2). Both balance energy (Ebal) and transition energy (Etrans) are enhanced with increase in radii of reacting nuclei and found to follow a power law with nuclear charge radii. The exponent τ values show that the elliptical flow is more sensitive towards different nuclear charge radii as compared to reduced flow. Moreover, we observe that our theoretical calculation of Ebal and Etrans are in agreement with the experimental data provided by GSI, INDRA and FOPI collaborations.

  7. (O)Mega Split

    CERN Document Server

    Benakli, Karim; Goodsell, Mark

    2015-01-01

    We study two realisations of the Fake Split Supersymmetry Model (FSSM), the simplest model that can easily reproduce the experimental value of the Higgs mass for an arbitrarily high supersymmetry scale, as a consequence of swapping higgsinos for equivalent states, fake higgsinos, with suppressed Yukawa couplings. If the LSP is identified as the main Dark matter component, then a standard thermal history of the Universe implies upper bounds on the supersymmetry scale, which we derive. On the other hand, we show that renormalisation group running of soft masses above the supersymmetry scale barely constrains the model - in stark contrast to Split Supersymmetry - and hence we can have a "Mega Split" spectrum even with all of these assumptions and constraints, which include the requirements of a correct relic abundance, a gluino life-time compatible with Big Bang Nucleosynthesis and absence of signals in present direct detection experiments of inelastic dark matter. In an appendix we describe a related scenario, ...

  8. JAHN—A program for representing atomic and nuclear states within an isospin basis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaigalas, G.; Fritzsche, S.; Gaidamauskas, E.; Kiršanskas, G.; Žalandauskas, T.

    2006-07-01

    A computer program is presented to deal with atomic and nuclear state functions within an isospin-coupled basis. Apart from the classification of the isospin bases states, the program JAHN supports the computation of the corresponding coefficients of fractional parentage as well as of the transformation matrices going from a LS-coupled to an isospin-coupled basis. In the future, these features may facilitate the treatment of atomic systems in order to obtain a deeper insight into the coupling of open-shell atoms and ions. The JAHN program has been designed for interactive work and is distributed as a MAPLE module. Program summaryTitle of program:JAHN Catalogue identifier:ADXA_v1_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADXA_v1_0 Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University of Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions:None Computers for which the program is designed: All computers with a valid license of the computer algebra package MAPLE which is a registered trademark of Waterloo Maple Inc. Installations: University of Kassel (Germany) Operating systems under which the program has been tested: Linux 8.1+ Program language used:MAPLE, Release 8 and 9 Memory required to execute with typical data: 30 MB Number of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 38 158 Number of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 743 689 Distribution format: tar.gz Nature of the physical problem: The accurate computation of atomic (nuclear) properties and level structures requires a good understanding and implementation of the atomic (nuclear) shell model and, hence, a fast and reliable access to its classification, the coefficients of fractional parentage and the coefficients of fractional grandparentage. For open-shell atoms and ions, moreover, a reliable classification of the level structure often requires the knowledge of some transformation matrices in order to find the main components of the wave functions as well as

  9. Splitting Ward identity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Safari, Mahmoud [Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM), School of Particles and Accelerators, P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2016-04-15

    Within the background-field framework we present a path integral derivation of the splitting Ward identity for the one-particle irreducible effective action in the presence of an infrared regulator, and make connection with earlier works on the subject. The approach is general in the sense that it does not rely on how the splitting is performed. This identity is then used to address the problem of background dependence of the effective action at an arbitrary energy scale. We next introduce the modified master equation and emphasize its role in constraining the effective action. Finally, application to general gauge theories within the geometric approach is discussed. (orig.)

  10. Split Malcev Algebras

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Antonio J Calderón Martín; Manuel Forero Piulestán; José M Sánchez Delgado

    2012-05-01

    We study the structure of split Malcev algebras of arbitrary dimension over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. We show that any such algebras is of the form $M=\\mathcal{U}+\\sum_jI_j$ with $\\mathcal{U}$ a subspace of the abelian Malcev subalgebra and any $I_j$ a well described ideal of satisfying $[I_j, I_k]=0$ if ≠ . Under certain conditions, the simplicity of is characterized and it is shown that is the direct sum of a semisimple split Lie algebra and a direct sum of simple non-Lie Malcev algebras.

  11. Role of isospin in nuclear-matter liquid-gas phase transition; Role de l'isospin dans la transition de phase liquide-gaz de la matiere nucleaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ducoin, C

    2006-10-15

    Nuclear matter presents a phase transition of the liquid-gas type. This well-known feature is due to the nuclear interaction profile (mean-range attractive, short-range repulsive). Symmetric-nuclear-matter thermodynamics is thus analogous to that of a Van der Waals fluid. The study shows up to be more complex in the case of asymmetric matter, composed of neutrons and protons in an arbitrary proportion. Isospin, which distinguishes both constituents, gives a measure of this proportion. Studying asymmetric matter, isospin is an additional degree of freedom, which means one more dimension to consider in the space of observables. The nuclear liquid-gas transition is associated with the multi-fragmentation phenomenon observed in heavy-ion collisions, and to compact-star physics: the involved systems are neutron rich, so they are affected by the isospin degree of freedom. The present work is a theoretical study of isospin effects which appear in the asymmetric nuclear matter liquid-gas phase transition. A mean-field approach is used, with a Skyrme nuclear effective interaction. We demonstrate the presence of a first-order phase transition for asymmetric matter, and study the isospin distillation phenomenon associated with this transition. The case of phase separation at thermodynamic equilibrium is compared to spinodal decomposition. Finite size effects are addressed, as well as the influence of the electron gas which is present in the astrophysical context. (author)

  12. The Splitting Loope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, Jesse L. M.; Norton, Anderson

    2011-01-01

    Teaching experiments have generated several hypotheses concerning the construction of fraction schemes and operations and relationships among them. In particular, researchers have hypothesized that children's construction of splitting operations is crucial to their construction of more advanced fractions concepts (Steffe, 2002). The authors…

  13. Pendulum separatrix splitting

    CERN Document Server

    Gallavotti, G; Mastropietro, V

    1997-01-01

    An exact expression for the determinant of the splitting matrix is derived: it allows us to analyze the asympotic behaviour needed to amend the large angles theorem proposed in Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré, B-60, 1, 1994. The asymptotic validity of Melnokov's formulae is proved for the class of models considered, which include polynomial perturbations.

  14. The nuclear research and technology development in the GDR from 1945 to 1965. Framework conditions, policy of the State party and implementation; Die Kernforschung und Kerntechnologieentwicklung in der DDR 1945-1965. Rahmenbedingungen, Politik der Staatspartei und Umsetzung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Strauss, Olaf

    2012-06-07

    The study follows the development of the nuclear research and nuclear technology in the GDR between 1945 and 1965. The GDR as an industrial country was highly dependent on brown coal, which was the only available primal energy source in the former GDR. Therefore the civil use of nuclear power called the attention of the executive and party leadership. This consideration was supported by the fact of large uranium deposits on the territory of former East Germany. After the foundation of the GDR, a first attempt to establish an independent nuclear power industry had failed. From 1955 on, the efforts in this direction have been stepped up. Despite the enormous effort of material and human resources the development of an independent East German nuclear industry never got off the ground. In 1965 it was decided to continue the buildup of an East German nuclear industry on base of the nuclear technology of the former Soviet Union. This decision marked a turning point in the East German energy policy and the end to ambitious plans of an independent nuclear industry. The research shows the frame, the preconditions and objectives of the development of the East German nuclear industry on the base of relevant documents from the government of the former GDR, the political machine of the Communist Party (SED) and the Academy of Science Berlin. The research is implementing the context of international nuclear research and technical progress against the background of the Cold War and the international nuclear euphoria as well as within the range of global politics. The discussion focusses on two points. Along with high expectations to an independent energy production and an exporting nuclear industry, the Communist party aimed for clear political results. The author will show the connection between plans of the executive and party leadership of the SED for an ambitious nuclear energy development and the international acceptance of the East German State in the German-German rivalry.

  15. No-core configuration-interaction model for the isospin- and angular-momentum-projected states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satuła, W.; Båczyk, P.; Dobaczewski, J.; Konieczka, M.

    2016-08-01

    Background: Single-reference density functional theory is very successful in reproducing bulk nuclear properties like binding energies, radii, or quadrupole moments throughout the entire periodic table. Its extension to the multireference level allows for restoring symmetries and, in turn, for calculating transition rates. Purpose: We propose a new variant of the no-core-configuration-interaction (NCCI) model treating properly isospin and rotational symmetries. The model is applicable to any nucleus irrespective of its mass and neutron- and proton-number parity. It properly includes polarization effects caused by an interplay between the long- and short-range forces acting in the atomic nucleus. Methods: The method is based on solving the Hill-Wheeler-Griffin equation within a model space built of linearly dependent states having good angular momentum and properly treated isobaric spin. The states are generated by means of the isospin and angular-momentum projection applied to a set of low-lying (multi)particle-(multi)hole deformed Slater determinants calculated using the self-consistent Skyrme-Hartree-Fock approach. Results: The theory is applied to calculate energy spectra in N ≈Z nuclei that are relevant from the point of view of a study of superallowed Fermi β decays. In particular, a new set of the isospin-symmetry-breaking corrections to these decays is given. Conclusions: It is demonstrated that the NCCI model is capable of capturing main features of low-lying energy spectra in light and medium-mass nuclei using relatively small model space and without any local readjustment of its low-energy coupling constants. Its flexibility and a range of applicability makes it an interesting alternative to the conventional nuclear shell model.

  16. Search for the isospin violating decay $Y(4260)\\rightarrow J/\\psi \\eta \\pi^{0}$

    CERN Document Server

    Ablikim, M; Ai, X C; Albayrak, O; Albrecht, M; Ambrose, D J; Amoroso, A; An, F F; An, Q; Bai, J Z; Ferroli, R Baldini; Ban, Y; Bennett, D W; Bennett, J V; Bertani, M; Bettoni, D; Bian, J M; Bianchi, F; Boger, E; Bondarenko, O; Boyko, I; Briere, R A; Cai, H; Cai, X; Cakir, O; Calcaterra, A; Cao, G F; Cetin, S A; Chang, J F; Chelkov, G; Chen, G; Chen, H S; Chen, H Y; Chen, J C; Chen, M L; Chen, S J; Chen, X; Chen, X R; Chen, Y B; Cheng, H P; Chu, X K; Cibinetto, G; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Dai, H L; Dai, J P; Dbeyssi, A; Dedovich, D; Deng, Z Y; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; De Mori, F; Ding, Y; Dong, C; Dong, J; Dong, L Y; Dong, M Y; Du, S X; Duan, P F; Fan, J Z; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fang, X; Fang, Y; Fava, L; Feldbauer, F; Felici, G; Feng, C Q; Fioravanti, E; Fritsch, M; Fu, C D; Gao, Q; Gao, X Y; Gao, Y; Gao, Z; Garzia, I; Geng, C; Goetzen, K; Gong, W X; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, M H; Gu, Y T; Guan, Y H; Guo, A Q; Guo, L B; Guo, Y; Guo, Y P; Haddadi, Z; Hafner, A; Han, S; Han, Y L; Hao, X Q; Harris, F A; He, K L; He, Z Y; Held, T; Heng, Y K; Hou, Z L; Hu, C; Hu, H M; Hu, J F; Hu, T; Hu, Y; Huang, G M; Huang, G S; Huang, H P; Huang, J S; Huang, X T; Huang, Y; Hussain, T; Ji, Q; Ji, Q P; Ji, X B; Ji, X L; Jiang, L L; Jiang, L W; Jiang, X S; Jiao, J B; Jiao, Z; Jin, D P; Jin, S; Johansson, T; Julin, A; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kang, X L; Kang, X S; Kavatsyuk, M; Ke, B C; Kliemt, R; Kloss, B; Kolcu, O B; Kopf, B; Kornicer, M; Kühn, W; Kupsc, A; Lai, W; Lange, J S; Lara, M; Larin, P; Leng, C; Li, C H; Li, Cheng; Li, D M; Li, F; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J C; Li, Jin; Li, K; Li, Lei; Li, P R; Li, T; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X M; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Liang, Y F; Liang, Y T; Liao, G R; Lin, D X; Liu, B J; Liu, C X; Liu, F H; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H B; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, J; Liu, J P; Liu, J Y; Liu, K; Liu, K Y; Liu, L D; Liu, P L; Liu, Q; Liu, S B; Liu, X; Liu, X X; Liu, Y B; Liu, Z A; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H; Lou, X C; Lu, H J; Lu, J G; Lu, R Q; Lu, Y; Lu, Y P; Luo, C L; Luo, M X; Luo, T; Luo, X L; Lv, M; Lyu, X R; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, L L; Ma, Q M; Ma, S; Ma, T; Ma, X N; Ma, X Y; Maas, F E; Maggiora, M; Malik, Q A; Mao, Y J; Mao, Z P; Marcello, S; Messchendorp, J G; Min, J; Min, T J; Mitchell, R E; Mo, X H; Mo, Y J; Morales, C Morales; Moriya, K; Muchnoi, N Yu; Muramatsu, H; Nefedov, Y; Nerling, F; Nikolaev, I B; Ning, Z; Nisar, S; Niu, S L; Niu, X Y; Olsen, S L; Ouyang, Q; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Pelizaeus, M; Peng, H P; Peters, K; Pettersson, J; Ping, J L; Ping, R G; Poling, R; Pu, Y N; Qi, M; Qian, S; Qiao, C F; Qin, L Q; Qin, N; Qin, X S; Qin, Y; Qin, Z H; Qiu, J F; Rashid, K H; Redmer, C F; Ren, H L; Ripka, M; Rong, G; Ruan, X D; Santoro, V; Sarantsev, A; Savrié, M; Schoenning, K; Schumann, S; Shan, W; Shao, M; Shen, C P; Shen, P X; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Song, W M; Song, X Y; Sosio, S; Spataro, S; Sun, G X; Sun, J F; Sun, S S; Sun, Y J; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Sun, Z T; Tang, C J; Tang, X; Tapan, I; Thorndike, E H; Tiemens, M; Toth, D; Ullrich, M; Uman, I; Varner, G S; Wang, B; Wang, B L; Wang, D; Wang, D Y; Wang, K; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, Q J; Wang, S G; Wang, W; Wang, X F; Wang, Y D; Wang, Y F; Wang, Y Q; Wang, Z; Wang, Z G; Wang, Z H; Wang, Z Y; Weber, T; Wei, D H; Wei, J B; Weidenkaff, P; Wen, S P; Wiedner, U; Wolke, M; Wu, L H; Wu, Z; Xia, L G; Xia, Y; Xiao, D; Xiao, Z J; Xie, Y G; Xiu, Q L; Xu, G F; Xu, L; Xu, Q J; Xu, Q N; Xu, X P; Yan, L; Yan, W B; Yan, W C; Yan, Y H; Yang, H X; Yang, L; Yang, Y; Yang, Y X; Ye, H; Ye, M; Ye, M H; Yin, J H; Yu, B X; Yu, C X; Yu, H W; Yu, J S; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, W L; Yuan, Y; Yuncu, A; Zafar, A A; Zallo, A; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H H; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J J; Zhang, J L; Zhang, J Q; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, J Z; Zhang, K; Zhang, L; Zhang, S H; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y T; Zhang, Z H; Zhang, Z P; Zhang, Z Y; Zhao, G; Zhao, J W; Zhao, J Y; Zhao, J Z; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M G; Zhao, Q; Zhao, Q W; Zhao, S J; Zhao, T C; Zhao, Y B; Zhao, Z G; Zhemchugov, A; Zheng, B; Zheng, J P; Zheng, W J; Zheng, Y H; Zhong, B; Zhou, L; Zhou, Li; Zhou, X; Zhou, X K; Zhou, X R; Zhou, X Y; Zhu, K; Zhu, K J; Zhu, S; Zhu, X L; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuang, J; Zotti, L; Zou, B S; Zou, J H

    2015-01-01

    Using data samples collected at center of mass energies of $\\sqrt{s}$ = 4.009, 4.226, 4.257, 4.358, 4.416 and 4.599 GeV with the BESIII detector operating at the BEPCII storage ring, we search for the isospin violating decay $Y(4260)\\rightarrow J/\\psi \\eta \\pi^{0}$. No signal is observed, and upper limits on the cross section $\\sigma(e^{+}e^{-}\\rightarrow J/\\psi \\eta \\pi^{0})$ at the 90\\% confidence level are determined to be 3.6, 1.7, 2.4, 1.4, 0.9 and 1.9 pb, respectively.

  17. Isospin violation in low-energy charged pion-kaon scattering

    CERN Document Server

    Kubis, B; Kubis, Bastian; Mei{\\ss}ner, Ulf-G.

    2002-01-01

    We evaluate the isospin breaking corrections to the scattering amplitude \\pi^- K^+ -> \\pi^- K^+ at threshold in the framework of chiral perturbation theory. This channel is of particular interest for the strong 2S-2P energy level shift in pion-kaon bound states. While a prediction of this level shift is hampered by a large uncertainty in the isoscalar scattering length, we find only a moderate uncertainty of about 3% in the electromagnetic corrections which are relevant for the extraction of the scattering lengths from experiment

  18. QCD Isospin Breaking in Meson Masses, Decay Constants and Quark Mass Ratios

    CERN Document Server

    Amorós, G; Talavera, P

    2001-01-01

    The procedure to calculate masses and matrix-elements in the presence of mixing of the basis states is explained in detail. We then apply this procedure to the two-loop calculation in Chiral Perturbation Theory of pseudoscalar masses and decay constants including quark mass isospin breaking. These results are used to update our analysis of $K_{\\ell4}$ done previously and obtain a value of $m_u/m_d$ in addition to values for the low-energy-constants $L_i^r$.

  19. Isospin mixing in the N=Z nucleus {sup 64}Ge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farnea, E.; De Angelis, G.; Gadea, A.; Bizzeti, P.G.; Dewald, A.; Eberth, J.; Algora, A.; Axiotis, M.; Bazzacco, D.; Bizzeti-Sona, A.M.; Brandolini, F.; Colo, G.; Gelletly, W.; Kaci, M.A.; Kintz, N.; Klug, T.; Kroell, Th.; Lenzi, S.M.; Lunardi, S.; Marginean, N.; Martinez, T.; Menegazzo, R.; Napoli, D.R.; Nyberg, J.; Pavan, P.; Podolyak, Zs.; Petrache, C.M.; Quintana, B.; Rubio, B.; Spolaore, P.; Steinhardt, Th.; Tain, J.L.; Thelen, O.; Ur, C.A.; Venturelli, R.; Weiszflog, M

    2003-01-02

    The N=Z nucleus {sup 64}Ge has been investigated in two experiments using the EUROBALL III and EUROBALL IV spectrometers coupled to ancillary devices. Multipole mixing ratios, linear polarization and picosecond lifetimes for various transitions have been measured. The linear polarization results determine unambiguously the multipole character of the 5{sup -}{yields}4{sup +} 1665 keV transition, allowing to extract the electric dipole strength and to investigate for the first time the amount of isospin mixing implied by the presence of a forbidden E1 transition.

  20. Isospin Dependence in Nuclear Multifragmentation Within Site Percolation and Nucleation Pictures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    C.S. Wang; K.C. Chung; A.J. Santiago

    2001-01-01

    The isospin dependence, recently observed in Sn + Sn reactions at 40 MeV/nucleon, is discussed within the framework of two simple nuclear multifragmentation models, namely the site percolation and the nucleation-evaporation models. It is shown that both the models are able to discriminate between 112Sn + 112Sn and 124Sn + 124Sn reactions.The nucleation-evaporation model succeeds to reproduce nicely the experimental data, but the site percolation model fails in doing that, even if the cluster noncompactive effect is taken into account. The calculations indicate that the data are originated mainly from a single source.

  1. Isospin Dependence of Pion Absorption on Nucleon Pairs at Tπ=65 MeV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moinester, M. A.; Gill, D. R.; Vincent, J.; Ashery, D.; Levenson, S.; Alster, J.; Altman, A.; Lichtenstadt, J.; Piasetzky, E.; Aniol, K. A.; Johnson, R. R.; Roser, H. W.; Tacik, R.; Gyles, W.; Barnett, B.; Sobie, R. J.; Gubler, H. P.

    1984-04-01

    Angular distributions of differential cross sections were measured for the first time for pion absorption on a T=1, S=0 nucleon pair and for absorption on a T=0, S=1 pair in the 3He nucleus. A large isospin dependence is observed in the differential cross sections. The ratio of cross sections σ(3He(π+,2p))σ(3He(π-,pn)) is 15.2+/-1.2. The results show evidence of an isoscalar component of the final state in the reaction 3He(π-,pn)n, which cannot be mediated by Δ resonance formation.

  2. Probing the nature of phases across the phase transition at finite isospin chemical potential

    CERN Document Server

    Bali, Gunnar S; Gavai, Rajiv V; Mathur, N

    2016-01-01

    We compare the low eigenvalue spectra of the Overlap Dirac operator on two sets of configurations at $\\mu_I/\\mu_I^c$ = 0.5 and 1.5 generated with dynamical staggered fermions at these isospin chemical potential on $24^3 \\times 6$ lattices. We find very small changes in the number of zero modes and low lying modes which is in stark contrast with those across the corresponding finite temperature phases where one sees a drop across the phase transition. Possible consequences are discussed.

  3. Constraints on the mSUGRA parameter space from NLO calculation of isospin asymmetry in B -> K^* gamma

    CERN Document Server

    Ahmady, M R

    2007-01-01

    The contributions of supersymmetric particles in the isospin symmetry violation in B -> K^* gamma decay mode are investigated. The model parameters are adopted from minimal Supergravity with minimal flavor violation. A complete scan of the mSUGRA parameter space has been performed, using the next to leading supersymmetric contributions to the relevant Wilson coefficients. The results are compared to recent experimental data in order to obtain constraints on the parameter space. We point out that isospin asymmetry can prove to be an interesting observable and imposes severe restrictions on the allowed parameter space, in particular for large values of tan(beta). The constraints obtained with isospin asymmetry also appear as more restricting than the ones from the branching ratio of B -> X_s gamma.

  4. Fee splitting in ophthalmology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levin, Alex V; Ganesh, Anuradha; Al-Busaidi, Ahmed

    2011-02-01

    Fee splitting and co-management are common practices in ophthalmology. These arrangements may conflict with the ethical principles governing the doctor-patient relationship, may constitute professional misconduct, and at times, may be illegal. Implications and perceptions of these practices may vary between different cultures. Full disclosure to the patient may minimize the adverse effects of conflicts of interest that arise from these practices, and may thereby allow these practices to be deemed acceptable by some cultural morays, professional guidelines, or by law. Disclosure does not necessarily relieve the physician from a potential ethical compromise. This review examines the practice of fee splitting in ophthalmology, its legal implications, the policies or guidelines governing such arrangements, and the possible ethical ramifications. A comparative view between 3 countries, Canada, the United States, and Oman, was conducted; illustrating that even in disparate cultures, there may be some universality to the application of ethical principles.

  5. Syntax for Split Preorders

    CERN Document Server

    Dosen, K

    2009-01-01

    A split preorder is a preordering relation on the disjoint union of two sets, which function as source and target when one composes split preorders. The paper presents by generators and equations the category SplPre, whose arrows are the split preorders on the disjoint union of two finite ordinals. The same is done for the subcategory Gen of SplPre, whose arrows are equivalence relations, and for the category Rel, whose arrows are the binary relations between finite ordinals, and which has an isomorphic image within SplPre by a map that preserves composition, but not identity arrows. It was shown previously that SplPre and Gen have an isomorphic representation in Rel in the style of Brauer. The syntactical presentation of Gen and Rel in this paper exhibits the particular Frobenius algebra structure of Gen and the particular bialgebraic structure of Rel, the latter structure being built upon the former structure in SplPre. This points towards algebraic modelling of various categories motivated by logic, and re...

  6. The influence of Multi-Step Sequential Decay on Isoscaling and Fragment Isospin Distribution in GEMINI Simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Pei; TIAN Wen-Dong; MA Yu-Gang; CAI Xiang-Zhou; FANG De-Qing; WANG Hong-Wei

    2011-01-01

    Extensive calculations on isoscaling behavior with the sequential-decay model GEMINI are performed for the mediate-heavy nuclei in the mass range A = 110 and at excitation energies of up to 3 MeV per nucleon. Isoscaling can still be observed after entire-step decays are considered for the light products as in the only first-step decay process case. Comparison between the products after the first-step decay and the ones after entire-step decay demonstrates that multi-step secondary sequential decay strongly influences the isoscaling parameters a, 0 as well as the fragment isospin distribution. After entire-step decays, the isoscaling parameters a and /? Are decreased and the fragment isospin distribution can better reproduce the isospin distribution shape as the experimental data.%@@ Extensive calculations on isoscaling behavior with the sequential-decay model GEMINI are performed for the mediate-heavy nuclei in the mass range A = 110 and at excitation energies of up to 3 MeV per nucleon.Isoscaling can still be observed after entire-step decays are considered for the light products as in the only first-step decay process case.Comparison between the products after the first-step decay and the ones after entire-step decay demonstrates that multi-step secondary sequential decay strongly influences the isoscaling parameters α,β as well as the fragment isospin distribution.After entire-step decays, the isoscaling parameters α and β are decreased and the fragment isospin distribution can better reproduce the isospin distribution shape as the experimental data.

  7. Isospin transport and reaction mechanism in nuclear reactions in the range 20–40 MeV/n

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barlini, S., E-mail: barlini@fi.infn.it; Piantelli, S.; Casini, G.; Olmi, A.; Bini, M.; Pasquali, G.; Poggi, G.; Stefanini, A. A.; Valdré, S.; Pastore, G. [Dipartimento di Fisica ed Astronomia dell’Università and INFN Sezione di Firenze, Firenze (Italy); Bougault, R.; Lopez, O.; Le Neindre, N.; Parlog, M.; Vient, E. [LPC, IN2P3-CNRS, ENSICAEN et Université de Caen, F-14050 Caen-Cedex (France); Bonnet, E.; Chibhi, A.; Frankland, J. D. [GANIL, CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, B.P.5027, F-14076 Caen cedex (France); Borderie, B.; Rivet, M. F. [Institut de Physique Nucléaire, CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris-Sud 11, F-91406 Orsay cedex (France); and others

    2015-10-15

    In recent years, many efforts have been devoted to the investigation of the isospin degree of freedom in nuclear reactions. Comparing systems involving partners with different N/Z, it has been possible to investigate the isospin transport process and its influence on the final products population. This can be then related to the symmetry energy term of the nuclear EOS. From the experimental point of view, this task requires detectors able to measure both charge and mass of the emitted products, in the widest possible range of energy and size of the fragments. With this objective, the FAZIA and GARFIELD+RCo apparatus have been used with success in some recent experiments.

  8. Isospin transport and reaction mechanism in nuclear reactions in the range 20-40 MeV/n

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlini, S.; Piantelli, S.; Casini, G.; Olmi, A.; Bini, M.; Pasquali, G.; Poggi, G.; Stefanini, A. A.; Bougault, R.; Bonnet, E.; Borderie, B.; Chibhi, A.; Frankland, J. D.; Gruyer, D.; Lopez, O.; Le Neindre, N.; Parlog, M.; Rivet, M. F.; Vient, E.; Rosato, E.; Vigilante, M.; Bruno, M.; Marchi, T.; Morelli, L.; Cinausero, M.; Degerlier, M.; Gramegna, F.; Kozik, T.; Twarog, T.; Fabris, D.; Valdré, S.; Pastore, G.

    2015-10-01

    In recent years, many efforts have been devoted to the investigation of the isospin degree of freedom in nuclear reactions. Comparing systems involving partners with different N/Z, it has been possible to investigate the isospin transport process and its influence on the final products population. This can be then related to the symmetry energy term of the nuclear EOS. From the experimental point of view, this task requires detectors able to measure both charge and mass of the emitted products, in the widest possible range of energy and size of the fragments. With this objective, the FAZIA and GARFIELD+RCo apparatus have been used with success in some recent experiments.

  9. Isospin Symmetry Breaking in B->K^* \\gamma Decay due to an Extra Generation of Vector Quarks

    CERN Document Server

    Ahmady, M R; Ahmady, Mohammad R.; Chishtie, Farrukh

    2005-01-01

    The extra contributions due to an extra generation of vector-like quarks to the isospin symmetry breaking observable associated with the radiative B->K^* \\gamma decay is obtained. It is shown that this additional contribution is sensitive to the nonunitarity parameter U^{sb}, which is a measure of the the strength of the non-zero tree-level flavor changing neutral current in this model. The significance of this result is that, once accurate experimental resultson the isospin asymmetry becomes available, one can constrain the U^{sb} independent of the mass of the extra quarks and so a much more stringent acceptablemodel parameter space could be obtained.

  10. Isospin-violating dark matter in the light of recent data

    CERN Document Server

    Yaguna, Carlos E

    2016-01-01

    In scenarios where the dark matter interacts differently with protons and neutrons (isospin-violating dark matter), the interpretation of the experimental limits on the dark matter spin-independent cross section may be significantly modified. On the one hand, the direct detection constraints are shifted depending on the target nucleus, possibly changing the hierarchy among different experiments. On the other hand, the relative strength between the bounds from neutrino detectors and those from direct detection experiments is altered, allowing the former to be more competitive. In this paper, the status of isospin-violating dark matter is assessed in the light of recent data, and the prospects for its detection in the near future are analyzed. We find, for example, that there are regions in the parameter space where IceCube currently provides the most stringent limits on the spin-independent cross section, or others where the expected sensitivity of DEAP-3600 is well above the LUX exclusion limit. Our results h...

  11. Isospin-violating dark matter in the light of recent data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaguna, Carlos E.

    2017-03-01

    In scenarios where dark matter interacts differently with protons and neutrons (isospin-violating dark matter), the interpretation of the experimental limits on the dark matter spin-independent cross section may be significantly modified. On the one hand, the direct detection constraints are shifted depending on the target nucleus, possibly changing the hierarchy among different experiments. On the other hand, the relative strength between the bounds from neutrino detectors and those from direct detection experiments is altered, allowing the former to be more competitive. In this paper, the status of isospin-violating dark matter is assessed in the light of recent data, and the prospects for its detection in the near future are analyzed. We find, for example, that there are regions in the parameter space where IceCube currently provides the most stringent limits on the spin-independent cross section, or others where the expected sensitivity of DEAP-3600 is well above the LUX exclusion limit. Our results highlight the complementarity among different targets in direct detection experiments, and between direct detection and neutrino searches in the quest for a dark matter signal.

  12. Nuclear response theory for spin-isospin excitations in a relativistic quasiparticle-phonon coupling framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robin, Caroline; Litvinova, Elena

    2016-07-01

    A new theoretical approach to spin-isospin excitations in open-shell nuclei is presented. The developed method is based on the relativistic meson-exchange nuclear Lagrangian of Quantum Hadrodynamics and extends the response theory for superfluid nuclear systems beyond relativistic quasiparticle random phase approximation in the proton-neutron channel (pn-RQRPA). The coupling between quasiparticle degrees of freedom and collective vibrations (phonons) introduces a time-dependent effective interaction, in addition to the exchange of pion and ρ -meson taken into account without retardation. The time-dependent contributions are treated in the resonant time-blocking approximation, in analogy to the previously developed relativistic quasiparticle time-blocking approximation (RQTBA) in the neutral (non-isospin-flip) channel. The new method is called proton-neutron RQTBA (pn-RQTBA) and is applied to the Gamow-Teller resonance in a chain of neutron-rich nickel isotopes 68-78Ni . A strong fragmentation of the resonance along with quenching of the strength, as compared to pn-RQRPA, is obtained. Based on the calculated strength distribution, beta-decay half-lives of the considered isotopes are computed and compared to pn-RQRPA half-lives and to experimental data. It is shown that a considerable improvement of the half-life description is obtained in pn-RQTBA because of the spreading effects, which bring the lifetimes to a very good quantitative agreement with data.

  13. Isospin breaking, Coupled-channel effects and Diagnosis of X(3872)

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Ning

    2012-01-01

    We re-investigate the possibility of X(3872) as a $D\\bar{D}^*$ molecule with $J^{PC}=1^{++}$ within the framework of both the one-pion-exchange (OPE) model and the one-boson-exchange (OBE) model. After careful treatment of the S-D wave mixing, the mass difference between the neutral and charged $D(D^*)$ mesons and the coupling of the $D(D^*)$ pair to $D^*\\bar{D}^*$, a loosely bound molecular state X(3872) emerges quite naturally with large isospin violation in its flavor wave function. For example, the isovector component is 26.24% if the binding energy is 0.30 MeV, where the isospin breaking effect is amplified by the tiny binding energy. After taking into account the phase space difference and assuming the $3\\pi$ and $2\\pi$ come from a virtual omega and rho meson respectively, we obtain the ratio of these two hidden-charm decay modes: $\\mathcal{B}(X(3872)\\rightarrow \\pi^+\\pi^-\\pi^0 J/\\psi)/\\mathcal{B}(X(3872)\\rightarrow \\pi^+\\pi^- J/\\psi)=0.42$ for the binding energy being 0.3 MeV, which is consistent with ...

  14. Examination of isospin effects in multi-dimensional Langevin fission dynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nadtochy, P.N., E-mail: nadtochy@na.infn.i [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Universita di Napoli ' Federico II' , Via Cinthia, 80126 Napoli (Italy); Vardaci, E.; Di Nitto, A.; Brondi, A.; La Rana, G.; Moro, R. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Universita di Napoli ' Federico II' , Via Cinthia, 80126 Napoli (Italy); Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, Universita di Napoli ' Federico II' , Via Cinthia, 80126 Napoli (Italy); Cinausero, M.; Prete, G. [Laboratori Nazionali di Legnaro dell' Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Legnaro (Padova) (Italy); Gelli, N.; Lucarelli, F. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare and Dipartimento di Fisica, Firenze (Italy)

    2010-03-08

    One-dimensional and three-dimensional dynamical fission calculations based on Langevin equations are performed for the compound nuclei {sup 194}Pb, {sup 200}Pb, {sup 206}Pb, {sup 182}Hg, and {sup 204}Hg to investigate the influence of the compound nucleus isospin on the prescission particle multiplicities and on the fission fragment mass-energy distribution. It is found that the prescission neutron, proton, and alpha particle multiplicities have approximately the same sensitivity to the dissipation strength for a given nucleus. This is at variance with conclusions of recent papers. The sensitivity of the calculated prescission particle multiplicities to the dissipation strength becomes higher with decreasing isospin of fissioning compound nucleus, and the increase of prescission particle multiplicities could reach 200%, when the reduction coefficient of one-body viscosity k{sub s} increases from 0.1 to 1, for the most neutron deficient nuclei considered. The variances of fission fragment mass and kinetic energy distributions are less sensitive to the change of dissipation strength than the prescission light particle multiplicities. A comparison to experimental data concerning {sup 200}Pb nucleus is also presented.

  15. Split Q-balls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazeia, D.; Losano, L.; Marques, M. A.; Menezes, R.

    2017-02-01

    We investigate the presence of non-topological solutions of the Q-ball type in (1 , 1) spacetime dimensions. The model engenders the global U (1) symmetry and is of the k-field type, since it contains a new term, of the fourth-order power in the derivative of the complex scalar field. It supports analytical solution of the Q-ball type which is stable quantum mechanically. The new solution engenders an interesting behavior, with the charge and energy densities unveiling a splitting profile.

  16. Effect of entrance-channel asymmetry on the isospin dependence of nucleon emission in heavy ion collisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Fang; Zuo, Wei; Chen, Ji-Yan; Zhou, Zhen-Xiao

    2008-07-01

    Using the isospin- and momentum-dependent hadronic transport model IBUU04, we have investigated the influence of the entrance-channel isospin asymmetry on the sensitivity of the pre-equilibrium neutron/proton ratio to symmetry energy in central heavy-ion collisions induced by high-energy radioactive beams. Our analysis and discussion are based on the dynamical simulations of the three isotopic reaction systems 132Sn+124Sn, 124Sn+112Sn and 112Sn+112Sn which are of the same total proton number but different isospin asymmetry. We find that the kinetic-energy distributions of the pre-equilibrium neutron/proton ratio are quite sensitive to the density-dependence of symmetry energy at incident beam energy E/A = 400 MeV, and the sensitivity increases as the isospin asymmetry of the reaction system increases. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (10575119, 10775061), Knowledge Innovation Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences (KJCX3-SYW-N2), Major State Basic Research Developing Program of China (2007CB815004), CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Program for Creative Research Teams (CXTD-J2005-1), and the Asia-Link Project of the European Commission (CN/ASIA-LINK/008(94791))

  17. Solar water splitting: efficiency discussion

    OpenAIRE

    Juodkazyte, Jurga; Seniutinas, Gediminas; Sebeka, Benjaminas; Savickaja, Irena; Malinauskas, Tadas; Badokas, Kazimieras; Juodkazis, Kestutis; Juodkazis, Saulius

    2016-01-01

    The current state of the art in direct water splitting in photo-electrochemical cells (PECs) is presented together with: (i) a case study of water splitting using a simple solar cell with the most efficient water splitting electrodes and (ii) a detailed mechanism analysis. Detailed analysis of the energy balance and efficiency of solar hydrogen production are presented. The role of hydrogen peroxide formation as an intermediate in oxygen evolution reaction is newly revealed and explains why a...

  18. Split Quasi-adequate Semigroups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiao Jiang GUO; Ting Ting PENG

    2012-01-01

    The so-called split IC quasi-adequate semigroups are in the class of idempotent-connected quasi-adequate semigroups.It is proved that an IC quasi-adequate semigroup is split if and only if it has an adequate transversal.The structure of such semigroup whose band of idempotents is regular will be particularly investigated.Our obtained results enrich those results given by McAlister and Blyth on split orthodox semigroups.

  19. Comet LINEAR Splits Further

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-05-01

    Third Nucleus Observed with the VLT Summary New images from the VLT show that one of the two nuclei of Comet LINEAR (C/2001 A2), now about 100 million km from the Earth, has just split into at least two pieces . The three fragments are now moving through space in nearly parallel orbits while they slowly drift apart. This comet will pass through its perihelion (nearest point to the Sun) on May 25, 2001, at a distance of about 116 million kilometres. It has brightened considerably due to the splitting of its "dirty snowball" nucleus and can now be seen with the unaided eye by observers in the southern hemisphere as a faint object in the southern constellation of Lepus (The Hare). PR Photo 18a/01 : Three nuclei of Comet LINEAR . PR Photo 18b/01 : The break-up of Comet LINEAR (false-colour). Comet LINEAR splits and brightens ESO PR Photo 18a/01 ESO PR Photo 18a/01 [Preview - JPEG: 400 x 438 pix - 55k] [Normal - JPEG: 800 x 875 pix - 136k] ESO PR Photo 18b/01 ESO PR Photo 18b/01 [Preview - JPEG: 367 x 400 pix - 112k] [Normal - JPEG: 734 x 800 pix - 272k] Caption : ESO PR Photo 18a/01 shows the three nuclei of Comet LINEAR (C/2001 A2). It is a reproduction of a 1-min exposure in red light, obtained in the early evening of May 16, 2001, with the 8.2-m VLT YEPUN (UT4) telescope at Paranal. ESO PR Photo 18b/01 shows the same image, but in a false-colour rendering for more clarity. The cometary fragment "B" (right) has split into "B1" and "B2" (separation about 1 arcsec, or 500 km) while fragment "A" (upper left) is considerably fainter. Technical information about these photos is available below. Comet LINEAR was discovered on January 3, 2001, and designated by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) as C/2001 A2 (see IAU Circular 7564 [1]). Six weeks ago, it was suddenly observed to brighten (IAUC 7605 [1]). Amateurs all over the world saw the comparatively faint comet reaching naked-eye magnitude and soon thereafter, observations with professional telescopes indicated

  20. Revoluția pașnică și căderea Zidului. RDG în toamna 1989 (The peaceful Revolution and the fall of the Wall. GDR in the fall of 1989

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert GRÜNBAUM

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Twenty-five years have passed since the citizens of GDR protested successfully against the German Socialist Union Party regime (SED through a peaceful revolution. Armed with only their courage and with candles in hands took to the streets by the hundreds of thousands, to defy the power device. With the cry of "We are the people" they have strongly given a sustainable idiom to their requirements for freedom and democratic rights. The emotional climax of the revolutionary autumn of the 1989 was clearly the fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9. The word that everybody was able to hear again and again, was simply: "Crazy!". And even that was indeed like a miracle. The wall, which had decided the destiny of millions of citizens of the GDR for decades, became all of a sudden a monument. In this article there will be, at first, a retrospective on the day of the fall of the Wall, and then there will be an analysis on the reasons in terms of internal and external policy that led to the success of the Peaceful Revolution in the GDR.

  1. Thermally induced photon splitting

    CERN Document Server

    Elmfors, P; Elmfors, Per; Skagerstam, Bo-Sture

    1998-01-01

    We calculate thermal corrections to the non-linear QED effective action for low-energy photon interactions in a background electromagnetic field. The high-temperature expansion shows that at $T \\gg m$ the vacuum contribution is exactly cancelled to all orders in the external field except for a non-trivial two-point function contribution. The high-temperature expansion derived reveals a remarkable cancellation of infrared sensitive contributions. As a result photon-splitting in the presence of a magnetic field is suppressed in the presence of an electron-positron QED-plasma at very high temperatures. In a cold and dense plasma a similar suppression takes place. At the same time Compton scattering dominates for weak fields and the suppression is rarely important in physical situations.

  2. Leptogenesis from split fermions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagatani, Yukinori; Perez, Gilad

    2004-01-11

    We present a new type of leptogenesis mechanism based on a two-scalar split-fermions framework. At high temperatures the bulk scalar vacuum expectation values (VEVs) vanish and lepton number is strongly violated. Below some temperature, T{sub c}, the scalars develop extra dimension dependent VEVs. This transition is assumed to proceed via a first order phase transition. In the broken phase the fermions are localized and lepton number violation is negligible. The lepton-bulk scalar Yukawa couplings contain sizable CP phases which induce lepton production near the interface between the two phases. We provide a qualitative estimation of the resultant baryon asymmetry which agrees with current observation. The neutrino flavor parameters are accounted for by the above model with an additional approximate U(1) symmetry.

  3. Direct CP, lepton flavor, and isospin asymmetries in the decays B-->K(*)l+l-.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubert, B; Bona, M; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Garra Tico, J; Grauges, E; Lopez, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Cahn, R N; Jacobsen, R G; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Zhang, L; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wang, L; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Thiebaux, Ch; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Nash, J A; Panduro Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Firmino da Costa, J; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Flaecher, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Li, X; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Wang, W F; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; del Amo Sanchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Lopes Pegna, D; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Esteve, L; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Gabareen, A M; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Lindquist, B; Luitz, S; Luth, V; Lynch, H L; Macfarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Muller, D R; Neal, H; Nelson, S; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Va'vra, J; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; West, C A; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Wulsin, H W; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Ziegler, V; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Miyashita, T S; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Zain, S B; Spanier, S M; Wogsland, B J; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Drummond, B W; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Bianchi, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martinez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Choi, H H F; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Lewczuk, M J; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Gershon, T J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Vuosalo, C O; Wu, S L

    2009-03-06

    We measure branching fractions and integrated rate asymmetries for the rare decays B-->K(*)l+l-, where l+l- is either e+e- or micro+micro-, using a sample of 384x10(6) BB events collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e+e- collider. We find no evidence for direct CP or lepton-flavor asymmetries. However, for dilepton masses below the J/psi resonance, we find evidence for unexpectedly large isospin asymmetries in both B-->Kl+l- and B-->K*l+l- which differ, respectively, by 3.2sigma and 2.7sigma, including systematic uncertainties, from the standard model expectations.

  4. Measurement of Branching Fractions and CP and Isospin Asymmetries of B -> K* g

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yarritu, A.; /SLAC

    2008-08-20

    We present a preliminary analysis of the decays B{sup 0} {yields} K*{sup 0}{gamma} and B{sup +} {yields} K*{sup +}{gamma} using a sample of 383 million B{bar B} events collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy B factory. We measure the branching fractions {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} K*{sup 0}{gamma}) = (4.58 {+-} 0.10 {+-} 0.16) x 10{sup -5} and {Beta}(B{sup +} {yields} K*{sup +}{gamma}) = (4.73 {+-} 0.15 {+-} 0.17) x 10{sup -5}. We measure the direct CP asymmetry to be -0.043 < {Alpha}(B {yields} K*{gamma}) < 0.025 and the isospin asymmetry to be -0.021 < {Delta}{sub 0-} < 0.079, where the limits are determined at the 90% confidence interval and include both the statistical and systematic uncertainties.

  5. Slowly rotating superfluid neutron stars with isospin dependent entrainment in a two-fluid model

    CERN Document Server

    Kheto, Apurba

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the slowly rotating general relativistic superfluid neutron stars including the entrainment effect in a two-fluid model, where one fluid represents the superfluid neutrons and the other is the charge-neutral fluid called the proton fluid, made of protons and electrons. The equation of state and the entrainment effect between the superfluid neutrons and the proton fluid are computed using a relativistic mean field (RMF) model where baryon-baryon interaction is mediated by the exchange of $\\sigma$, $\\omega$, and $\\rho$ mesons and scalar self interactions are also included. The equations governing rotating neutron stars in the slow rotation approximation are second order in rotational velocities of neutron and proton fluids. We explore the effects of the isospin dependent entrainment and the relative rotation between two fluids on the global properties of rotating superfluid neutron stars such as mass, shape, and the mass shedding (Kepler) limit within the RMF model with different parameter sets. ...

  6. Isospin effects in the exclusive dp -> 3He{\\pi}+{\\pi}- reaction

    CERN Document Server

    Mielke, M; Chiladze, D; Dymov, S; Fritzsch, C; Gebel, R; Goslawski, P; Hartmann, M; Kacharava, A; Khoukaz, A; Kulessa, P; Lorentz, B; Mersmann, T; Mikirtychiants, S; Ohm, H; Papenbrock, M; Rausmann, T; Serdyuk, V; Ströher, H; Täschner, A; Valdau, Y; Wilkin, C

    2014-01-01

    The differential cross section for the exclusive dp -> 3He{\\pi}+{\\pi}- reaction has been measured with high resolution and large statistics over a large fraction of the backward 3He hemisphere at the excess energy 265 MeV using the COSY-ANKE magnetic spectrometer. Though the well-known ABC enhancement is observed in the {\\pi}+{\\pi}- spectrum, the differences detected between the {\\pi}+3He and {\\pi}-3He invariant-mass distributions show that there must be some isospin-one {\\pi}{\\pi} production even at relatively low excess energies. The invariant-mass differences are modeled in terms of the sequential decay N*(1440) -> Delta(1232){\\pi} -> N{\\pi}{\\pi}.

  7. Isospin-violating dark-matter-nucleon scattering via two-Higgs-doublet-model portals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drozd, Aleksandra; Grzadkowski, Bohdan; Gunion, John F.; Jiang, Yun

    2016-10-01

    We show that in a multi-Higgs model in which one Higgs fits the LHC 125 GeV state, one or more of the other Higgs bosons can mediate DM-nucleon interactions with maximal DM isospin violation being possible for appropriate Higgs-quark couplings, independent of the nature of DM. We then consider the explicit example of a Type II two-Higgs-doublet model, identifying the h or H as the 125 GeV state while the H or h, respectively, mediates DM-nucleon interactions. Finally, we show that if a stable scalar, S, is added then it can be a viable light DM candidate with correct relic density while obeying all direct and indirect detection limits.

  8. Isospin-violating dark-matter-nucleon scattering via 2-Higgs-doublet-model portals

    CERN Document Server

    Drozd, Aleksandra; Gunion, John F; Jiang, Yun

    2015-01-01

    We show that in a multi-Higgs model in which one Higgs fits the LHC 125 GeV state, one or more of the other Higgs bosons can mediate DM-nucleon interactions with maximal DM isospin violation being possible for appropriate Higgs-quark couplings, independent of the nature of DM. We then consider the explicit example of a Type II two-Higgs-doublet model, identifying the h or H as the 125 GeV state while the H or h, respectively, mediates DM-nucleon interactions. Finally, we show that if a stable scalar, S, is added then it can be a viable light DM candidate with correct relic density while obeying all direct and indirect detection limits.

  9. Phase structure of hadronic and Polyakov-loop extended NJL model at finite isospin density

    CERN Document Server

    Cavagnoli, Rafael; Providência, Constança

    2013-01-01

    It is believed that there exists a rich phase structure of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) at finite temperature and baryon density, namely, the deconfinement process from hadron gas to quark-gluon plasma, the transition from chiral symmetry breaking phase to the symmetry restoration phase, and the color superconductivity at low temperature and high baryon density. In the present work we study the hadron-quark phase transition by investigating the binodal surface and extending it to finite temperature in order to mimic the QCD phase diagram. In order to obtain these conditions we use different models for the two possible phases, namely the quark and hadron phases. The phase separation boundary (binodal) is determined by the Gibbs criteria for phase equilibrium. The boundaries of the mixed phase and the related critical points for symmetric and asymmetric matter are obtained. Isospin effects appear to be rather significant. The critical endpoint (CEP) and the phase structure are also studied in the Polyakov-loop ...

  10. Measurement of B→K*(892)γ Branching Fractions and CP and Isospin Asymmetries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubert, B.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; Martinelli, M.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D. N.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I. L.; Tackmann, K.; Tanabe, T.; Hawkes, C. M.; Soni, N.; Watson, A. T.; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; Asgeirsson, D. J.; Fulsom, B. G.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; Barrett, M.; Khan, A.; Randle-Conde, A.; Blinov, V. E.; Bukin, A. D.; Buzykaev, A. R.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Todyshev, K. Yu.; Bondioli, M.; Curry, S.; Eschrich, I.; Kirkby, D.; Lankford, A. J.; Lund, P.; Mandelkern, M.; Martin, E. C.; Stoker, D. P.; Atmacan, H.; Gary, J. W.; Liu, F.; Long, O.; Vitug, G. M.; Yasin, Z.; Zhang, L.; Sharma, V.; Campagnari, C.; Hong, T. M.; Kovalskyi, D.; Mazur, M. A.; Richman, J. D.; Beck, T. W.; Eisner, A. M.; Heusch, C. A.; Kroseberg, J.; Lockman, W. S.; Martinez, A. J.; Schalk, T.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Wang, L.; Winstrom, L. O.; Cheng, C. H.; Doll, D. A.; Echenard, B.; Fang, F.; Hitlin, D. G.; Narsky, I.; Piatenko, T.; Porter, F. C.; Andreassen, R.; Mancinelli, G.; Meadows, B. T.; Mishra, K.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Bloom, P. C.; Ford, W. T.; Gaz, A.; Hirschauer, J. F.; Nagel, M.; Nauenberg, U.; Smith, J. G.; Wagner, S. R.; Ayad, R.; Toki, W. H.; Wilson, R. J.; Feltresi, E.; Hauke, A.; Jasper, H.; Karbach, T. M.; Merkel, J.; Petzold, A.; Spaan, B.; Wacker, K.; Kobel, M. J.; Nogowski, R.; Schubert, K. R.; Schwierz, R.; Volk, A.; Bernard, D.; Latour, E.; Verderi, M.; Clark, P. J.; Playfer, S.; Watson, J. E.; Andreotti, M.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cecchi, A.; Cibinetto, G.; Fioravanti, E.; Franchini, P.; Luppi, E.; Munerato, M.; Negrini, M.; Petrella, A.; Piemontese, L.; Santoro, V.; Baldini-Ferroli, R.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Pacetti, S.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Rama, M.; Zallo, A.; Contri, R.; Guido, E.; Lo Vetere, M.; Monge, M. R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Robutti, E.; Tosi, S.; Chaisanguanthum, K. S.; Morii, M.; Adametz, A.; Marks, J.; Schenk, S.; Uwer, U.; Bernlochner, F. U.; Klose, V.; Lacker, H. M.; Bard, D. J.; Dauncey, P. D.; Tibbetts, M.; Behera, P. K.; Charles, M. J.; Mallik, U.; Cochran, J.; Crawley, H. B.; Dong, L.; Eyges, V.; Meyer, W. T.; Prell, S.; Rosenberg, E. I.; Rubin, A. E.; Gao, Y. Y.; Gritsan, A. V.; Guo, Z. J.; Arnaud, N.; Béquilleux, J.; D'Orazio, A.; Davier, M.; Derkach, D.; Firmino da Costa, J.; Grosdidier, G.; Le Diberder, F.; Lepeltier, V.; Lutz, A. M.; Malaescu, B.; Pruvot, S.; Roudeau, P.; Schune, M. H.; Serrano, J.; Sordini, V.; Stocchi, A.; Wormser, G.; Lange, D. J.; Wright, D. M.; Bingham, I.; Burke, J. P.; Chavez, C. A.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Gamet, R.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Bevan, A. J.; Clarke, C. K.; di Lodovico, F.; Sacco, R.; Sigamani, M.; Cowan, G.; Paramesvaran, S.; Wren, A. C.; Brown, D. N.; Davis, C. L.; Denig, A. G.; Fritsch, M.; Gradl, W.; Hafner, A.; Alwyn, K. E.; Bailey, D.; Barlow, R. J.; Jackson, G.; Lafferty, G. D.; West, T. J.; Yi, J. I.; Anderson, J.; Chen, C.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D. A.; Simi, G.; Tuggle, J. M.; Dallapiccola, C.; Salvati, E.; Saremi, S.; Cowan, R.; Dujmic, D.; Fisher, P. H.; Henderson, S. W.; Sciolla, G.; Spitznagel, M.; Yamamoto, R. K.; Zhao, M.; Patel, P. M.; Robertson, S. H.; Schram, M.; Lazzaro, A.; Lombardo, V.; Palombo, F.; Stracka, S.; Bauer, J. M.; Cremaldi, L.; Godang, R.; Kroeger, R.; Sonnek, P.; Summers, D. J.; Zhao, H. W.; Simard, M.; Taras, P.; Nicholson, H.; de Nardo, G.; Lista, L.; Monorchio, D.; Onorato, G.; Sciacca, C.; Raven, G.; Snoek, H. L.; Jessop, C. P.; Knoepfel, K. J.; Losecco, J. M.; Wang, W. F.; Corwin, L. A.; Honscheid, K.; Kagan, H.; Kass, R.; Morris, J. P.; Rahimi, A. M.; Regensburger, J. J.; Sekula, S. J.; Wong, Q. K.; Blount, N. L.; Brau, J.; Frey, R.; Igonkina, O.; Kolb, J. A.; Lu, M.; Rahmat, R.; Sinev, N. B.; Strom, D.; Strube, J.; Torrence, E.; Castelli, G.; Gagliardi, N.; Margoni, M.; Morandin, M.; Posocco, M.; Rotondo, M.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Voci, C.; Del Amo Sanchez, P.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Briand, H.; Chauveau, J.; Hamon, O.; Leruste, Ph.; Marchiori, G.; Ocariz, J.; Perez, A.; Prendki, J.; Sitt, S.; Gladney, L.; Biasini, M.; Manoni, E.; Angelini, C.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Calderini, G.; Carpinelli, M.; Cervelli, A.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M. A.; Lusiani, A.; Morganti, M.; Neri, N.; Paoloni, E.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J. J.; Lopes Pegna, D.; Lu, C.; Olsen, J.; Smith, A. J. S.; Telnov, A. V.; Anulli, F.; Baracchini, E.; Cavoto, G.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Ferroni, F.; Gaspero, M.; Jackson, P. D.; Li Gioi, L.

    2009-11-01

    We present an analysis of the decays B0→K*0(892)γ and B+→K*+(892)γ using a sample of about 383×106 BB¯ events collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy B factory. We measure the branching fractions B(B0→K*0γ)=(4.47±0.10±0.16)×10-5 and B(B+→K*+γ)=(4.22±0.14±0.16)×10-5. We constrain the direct CP asymmetry to be -0.033isospin asymmetry to be 0.017<Δ0-<0.116, where the limits are determined by the 90% confidence interval and include both the statistical and systematic uncertainties.

  11. Measurement of B-->K{*}(892)gamma branching fractions and CP and Isospin asymmetries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Y; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prencipe, E; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Garra Tico, J; Grauges, E; Martinelli, M; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Lynch, G; Osipenkov, I L; Tackmann, K; Tanabe, T; Hawkes, C M; Soni, N; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schroeder, T; Asgeirsson, D J; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Barrett, M; Khan, A; Randle-Conde, A; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Buzykaev, A R; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Atmacan, H; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Vitug, G M; Yasin, Z; Zhang, L; Sharma, V; Campagnari, C; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Martinez, A J; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wang, L; Winstrom, L O; Cheng, C H; Doll, D A; Echenard, B; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Bloom, P C; Ford, W T; Gaz, A; Hirschauer, J F; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Smith, J G; Wagner, S R; Ayad, R; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Karbach, T M; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Kobel, M J; Nogowski, R; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Latour, E; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Playfer, S; Watson, J E; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Fioravanti, E; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Munerato, M; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Santoro, V; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; de Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Contri, R; Guido, E; Lo Vetere, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Adametz, A; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bernlochner, F U; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Arnaud, N; Béquilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Derkach, D; Firmino da Costa, J; Grosdidier, G; Le Diberder, F; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Malaescu, B; Pruvot, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Clarke, C K; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Sigamani, M; Cowan, G; Paramesvaran, S; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Gradl, W; Hafner, A; Alwyn, K E; Bailey, D; Barlow, R J; Jackson, G; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Dallapiccola, C; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Henderson, S W; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Schram, M; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Stracka, S; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sonnek, P; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Simard, M; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, G; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Onorato, G; Sciacca, C; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; Losecco, J M; Wang, W F; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Castelli, G; Gagliardi, N; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Del Amo Sanchez, P; Ben-Haim, E; Bonneaud, G R; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; Hamon, O; Leruste, Ph; Marchiori, G; Ocariz, J; Perez, A; Prendki, J; Sitt, S; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Lopes Pegna, D; Lu, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Anulli, F; Baracchini, E; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Esteve, L; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yèche, Ch; Zito, M; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Benitez, J F; Cenci, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Franco Sevilla, M; Gabareen, A M; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L

    2009-11-20

    We present an analysis of the decays B{0}-->K{*0}(892)gamma and B{+}-->K{*+}(892)gamma using a sample of about 383 x 10{6} BB[-over ] events collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy B factory. We measure the branching fractions B(B{0}-->K{*0}gamma)=(4.47+/-0.10+/-0.16) x 10{-5} and B(B{+}-->K{*+}gamma)=(4.22+/-0.14+/-0.16) x 10{-5}. We constrain the direct CP asymmetry to be -0.033K{*}gamma)<0.028 and the isospin asymmetry to be 0.017

  12. Consequences of simultaneous chiral symmetry breaking and deconfinement for the isospin symmetric phase diagram

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischer, Tobias; Klaehn, Thomas [University of Wroclaw, Institute of Theoretical Physics, Wroclaw (Poland); Hempel, Matthias [University of Basel, Department of Physics, Basel (Switzerland)

    2016-08-15

    The thermodynamic bag model (tdBag) has been applied widely to model quark matter properties in both heavy-ion and astrophysics communities. Several fundamental physics aspects are missing in tdBag, e.g., dynamical chiral symmetry breaking (D χ SB) and repulsions due to the vector interaction are both included explicitly in the novel vBag quark matter model of Klaehn and Fischer (Astrophys. J. 810, 134 (2015)). An important feature of vBag is the simultaneous D χ SB and deconfinement, where the latter links vBag to a given hadronic model for the construction of the phase transition. In this article we discuss the extension to finite temperatures and the resulting phase diagram for the isospin symmetric medium. (orig.)

  13. Shining LUX on isospin-violating dark matter beyond leading order

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cirigliano, V.; Graesser, M. L.; Ovanesyan, G.

    2014-01-01

    Isospin-violating dark matter (IVDM) has been proposed as a viable scenario to reconcile conflicting positive and null results from direct detection dark matter experiments. We show that the lowest-order dark matter-nucleus scattering rate can receive large and nucleus-dependent corrections at next......-to-leading order (NLO) in the chiral expansion. The size of these corrections depends on the specific couplings of dark matter to quark flavors and gluons. In general the full NLO dark-matter-nucleus cross-section is not adequately described by just the zero-energy proton and neutron couplings. These statements...... are concretely illustrated in a scenario where the dark matter couples to quarks through scalar operators. We find the canonical IVDM scenario can reconcile the null XENON and LUX results and the recent CDMS-Si findings provided its couplings to second and third generation quarks either lie on a special line...

  14. Isospin-violating dark-matter-nucleon scattering via two-Higgs-doublet-model portals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Drozd, Aleksandra [Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology Group, Physics Department, King’s College London,London WC2R 2LS (United Kingdom); Grzadkowski, Bohdan [Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw,Pasteura 5, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland); Gunion, John F. [Department of Physics, University of California,Davis, CA 95616 (United States); Jiang, Yun [Department of Physics, University of California,Davis, CA 95616 (United States); NBIA and Discovery Center, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100, Copenhagen (Denmark)

    2016-10-24

    We show that in a multi-Higgs model in which one Higgs fits the LHC 125 GeV state, one or more of the other Higgs bosons can mediate DM-nucleon interactions with maximal DM isospin violation being possible for appropriate Higgs-quark couplings, independent of the nature of DM. We then consider the explicit example of a Type II two-Higgs-doublet model, identifying the h or H as the 125 GeV state while the H or h, respectively, mediates DM-nucleon interactions. Finally, we show that if a stable scalar, S, is added then it can be a viable light DM candidate with correct relic density while obeying all direct and indirect detection limits.

  15. Total Reaction Cross Section in an Isospin-Dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamics Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏义彬; 蔡翔舟; 沈文庆; 马余刚; 张虎勇; 钟晨; 郭威; 陈金根; 马国亮; 王鲲

    2003-01-01

    The isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics (IDQMD) model is used to study the total reaction cross section σR. The energy-dependent Pauli volumes of neutrons and protons have been discussed and introduced into the IDQMD calculation to replace the widely used energy-independent Pauli volumes. The modified IDQMD calculation can reproduce the experimental cr R well for both stable and exotic nuclei induced reactions. Comparisons of the calculated σn induced by 11Li with different initial density distributions have been performed. It is shown that the calculation by using the experimentally deduced density distribution with a long tail can fit the experimental excitation function better than that by using the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock calculated density without long tails. It is also found that σR at high energy is sensitive to the long tail of density distribution.

  16. Study of an Isospin-Forbidden $0^{+} \\rightarrow 0^{+}$ Transition in $^{38m}$K

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    There is at present a discrepancy between the precisely determined value of $V_{ud}^{2}$ obtained from $0^{+} \\rightarrow 0^{+} $ nuclear $\\beta$-decay and the less precisely determined value inferred from neutron decay. One possible explanation for this discrepancy involves the " Coulomb " corrections that must be applied to the nuclear decay rates. We propose to investigate one class of these corrections (for charge-dependent configuration-mixing) by measuring the isospin-forbidden $0^{+} \\rightarrow 0^{+}$ decay rate in $^{38m}$K. $^{38m}$K decay is particularly interesting because it is predicted to have the largest charge-dependent mixing correction of any of the transitions used in the $V_{ud}^{2}$ determination.

  17. Isospin Decomposition of the Basic Double-Pionic Fusion in the Region of the ABC Effect

    CERN Document Server

    Adlarson, P; Bardan, W; Bashkanov, M; Bednarski, T; Bergmann, F S; Berlowski, M; Bhatt, H; Büscher, M; Calen, H; Clement, H; Coderre, D; Czerwinski, E; Demmich, K; Doroshkevich, E; Engels, R; Erven, W; Eyrich, W; Fedorets, P; Föhl, K; Fransson, K; Goldenbaum, F; Goslawski, P; Goswami, A; Grigoryev, K; Gullstrom, C -O; Hauenstein, F; Heijkenskjol, L; Hejny, V; Hinterberger, F; Hodana, M; Hoistad, B; Jany, A; Jany, B R; Jarczyk, L; Johansson, T; Kamys, B; Kemmerling, G; Khan, F A; Khoukaz, A; Kistryn, S; Klaja, J; Kleines, H; Klos, B; Krapp, M; Krzemien, W; Kulessa, P; Kupsc, A; Lalwani, K; Lersch, D; Li, L; Lorentz, B; Magiera, A; Maier, R; Marciniewski, P; Marianski, B; Mikirtychiants, M; Morsch, H -P; Moskal, P; Nandi, B K; Niedzwiecki, S; Ohm, H; Ozerianska, I; del Rio, E Perez; Plucinski, P; Podkopal, P; Prasuhn, D; Pricking, A; Pszczel, D; Pysz, K; Pyszniak, A; Redmer, C F; Ritman, J; Roy, A; Rudy, Z; Sawant, S; Schadmand, S; Schmidt, A; Sefzick, T; Serdyuk, V; Shah, N; Siemaszko, M; Siudak, R; Skorodko, T; Skurzok, M; Smyrski, J; Sopov, V; Stassen, R; Stepaniak, J; Stephan, E; Sterzenbach, G; Stockhorst, H; Ströher, H; Szczurek, A; Tolba, T; Trzcinski, A; Varma, R; Vlasov, P; Wagner, G J; Wkeglorz, W; Wolke, M; Wronska, A; Wüstner, P; Wurm, P; Yamamoto, A; Yuan, X; Yurev, L; Zabierowski, J; Zheng, C; Zielinski, M J; Zipper, W; Zlomanczuk, J; Zupranski, P; Zurek, M

    2012-01-01

    Exclusive and kinematically complete high-statistics measurements of the basic double pionic fusion reactions pn -> dpi0pi0, pn -> d pi+pi- and pp -> dpi+pi0 have been carried out simultaneously over the energy region of the ABC effect using the WASA detector setup at COSY. Whereas the isoscalar reaction part given by the dpi0pi0 channel exhibits the ABC effect, i.e. a low-mass enhancement in the pipi-invariant mass distribution, as well as the associated resonance structure in the total cross section, the isovector part given by the dpi+pi0 channel shows a smooth behavior consistent with the conventional t-channel Delta Delta process. The dpi+pi- data are very well reproduced by combining the data for isovector and isoscalar contributions, if the kinematical consequences of the isospin violation due to different masses for charged and neutral pions are taken into account.

  18. Direct CP, Lepton Flavor and Isospin Asymmetries in the Decays B->K(*)l+l-

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, B.; Bona, M.; Karyotakis, Y.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Prudent, X.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Lopez, L.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Abrams, G.S.; Battaglia, M.; Brown, D.N.; Cahn, R.N.; Jacobsen, R.G.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley /Birmingham U. /Ruhr U., Bochum /Bristol U. /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UCLA /UC, Riverside /UC, San Diego /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Harvard U. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Karlsruhe U., EKP /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT, LNS /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /Mt. Holyoke Coll. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /INFN, Naples /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /Pennsylvania U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DSM, DAPNIA, Saclay /South Carolina U. /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2009-03-03

    We measure rate asymmetries for the rare decays B {yields} K{sup (*)}{ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -}, where {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -} is either e{sup +}e{sup -} or {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}, using a sample of 384 million B{bar B} events collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II e{sup +}e{sup -} collider. We find no evidence for direct CP or lepton-flavor asymmetries. For dilepton masses below the J/{psi} resonance, we find evidence for unexpectedly large isospin asymmetries in both B {yields} K{ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -} and B {yields} K*{ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -} which differ respectively by 3.2{sigma} and 2.7{sigma}, including systematic uncertainties, from the Standard Model expectations.

  19. Isospin dynamics on the production of pions and preequilibrium particles in heavy-ion collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Feng, Zhao-Qing

    2016-01-01

    Within the framework of the Lanzhou quantum molecular dynamics (LQMD) transport model, pion dynamics in heavy-ion collisions near threshold energies and the emission of preequilibrium particles (nucleons and light clusters) have been investigated. A density, momentum and isospin dependent pion-nucleon potential based on the $\\Delta$-hole model is implemented in the transport approach, which slightly increases the $\\pi^{-}/\\pi^{+}$ ratio, but reduces the total pion yields. A bump structure of the $\\pi^{-}/\\pi^{+}$ ratio in the kinetic energy spectra appears at the pion energy close to the $\\Delta$(1232) resonance region. The yield ratios of neutrons to protons from the squeeze-out particles perpendicular to the reaction plane are sensitive to the stiffness of nuclear symmetry energy, in particular at the high-momentum (kinetic energy) tails.

  20. Isoscaling Behaviour in the Isospin-Dependent Quantum Molecular Dynamics Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TIAN Wen-Dong; SHEN Wen-Qing; WANG Kun; WEI Yi-Bin; YAN Ting-Zhi; ZHONG Chen; ZUO Jia-Xu; MA Yu-Gang; CAI Xiang-Zhou; CHEN Jin-Gen; CHEN Jin-Hui; FANG De-Qing; GUO Wei; MA Chun-Wang; MA Guo-Liang

    2005-01-01

    @@ The isoscaling behaviour is investigated in a frame of isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics models. The isotopic yields ratio Y2/Y1 for reactions 48Ca+48Ca and 40 Ca+ 40 Ca at different entrance channels are simulated and presented, the relationship between the isoscaling parameter and the entrance channel is analysed, the results show that α and β reduce with the rise of incident energies and increase with the impact parameter b, which can be attributed to the temperature varying of the pre-fragments in different entrance channels. The relation of α and symmetry-term coefficient Csym reveals that the chemical potential difference △μ is sensitive to the symmetry-term coefficient Csym, and raises with the increasing Csym.

  1. Measurement of Branching Fractions, and CP and Isospin Asymmetries, for $B \\to K^* \\gamma$

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Gaillard, J M; Hicheur, A; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Shelkov, V G; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; Wilson, F F; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Abe, T; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Smith, J G; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Chen, A; Harton, J L; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q L; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dickopp, M; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Lavin, D; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Treadwell, E; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Brandenburg, G; Morii, M; Won, E; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Taylor, G P; Charles, M J; Grenier, G J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Yi, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Laplace, S; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Tantot, L; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Back, J J; Cormack, C M; Harrison, P F; Di Lodovico, F; Mohanty, G B; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Green, M G; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Hodgkinson, M C; Lafferty, G D; Lyon, A J; Williams, J C; Farbin, A; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Koeneke, K; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Mangeol, D J J; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Wilden, L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Gabriel, T A; Allmendinger, T; Brau, B; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Tiozzo, G; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; La Vaissière, C de; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pivk, M; Roos, L; T'Jampens, S; Therin, G; Manfredi, P F; Re, V; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J; Anulli, F; Biasini, M; Peruzzi, I M; Pioppi, M; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Martínez-Vidal, F; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Sandrelli, F; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Wagoner, D E; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Miftakov, V; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Pierini, M; Piredda, G; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Christ, S; Wagner, G; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B; Geddes, N I; Gopal, G P; Olaiya, E O; Aleksan, R; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Langer, M; Legendre, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Schott, G; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Wilson, J R; Yumiceva, F X; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Buchmüller, O L; Claus, R; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; De Nardo, Gallieno; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W; Elsen, E E; Fan, S; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Petrak, S; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Simi, G; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Meyer, T I; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Saeed, M A; Saleem, M; Wappler, F R; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Kim, H; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Borean, C; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Poropat, P; Vitale, L; Vuagnin, G; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, Sw; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Graham, M; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Rubin, A E; Sekula, S J; Tan, P; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Greene, M G; Neal, H

    2004-01-01

    The branching fractions of the decays B->K*0,gamma and B->K*+,gamma are measured using a sample of 88 x 10^6 B\\bar{B} events collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e^+e^- collider. We find B(B->K*0,gamma) = 3.92 +/- 0.20 (stat) +/- 0.24 (syst) x 10^{-5} and B(B->K*_,gamma) = 3.87 +/- 0.28 (stat) +/- 0.26 (syst) x 10^{-5}. Our measurements also constrain the direct $\\CP$ asymmetry to be -0.74 K*,gamma) < 0.049, and the isospin asymmetry to be -0.46 < \\Delata_{0-} < 0.146, both at the 90% confidence level.

  2. Double pion photoproduction on the nucleon: study of the isospin channels

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez Tejedor, J.A. [Valencia Univ. (Spain). Dept. de Fisica Teorica; Oset, E. [Valencia Univ. (Spain). Dept. de Fisica Teorica

    1996-04-22

    A model for the {gamma}p{yields}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}p reaction developed earlier is extended to account for all isospin channels. The model includes N, {Delta}(1232), N{sup *}(1440) and N{sup *}(1520) as intermediate baryonic states and the {rho} meson as an intermediate 2{pi} resonance. Although many terms contribute to the cross section, some channels exhibit particular sensitivity to certain mechanisms of resonance excitation or decay and the reactions provide novel information on such mechanisms. In particular the {gamma}N{yields}N{sup *}(1520){yields}{Delta}{pi} process affects all the channels and is a key ingredient in the interpretation of the data. Comparison is made with all available data and the agreement is good in some channels. The remaining discrepancies in some other channels are discussed. (orig.).

  3. Correlations and total muon capture rates. [Primakoff effect, isospin, shell model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mekjian, A.

    1978-08-01

    The total muon capture rate for s-wave muons can be accounted for by the Primakoff expression which gives the dependence of this rate on the mass number A and the proton number Z of the absorbing nucleus. The expression is a simple three parameter phenomenological formulae which accurately describes these rates from light weight nuclei to heavy nuclei. These parameters relate to the isospin structure of the squared isovector operator which appears in a sum rule approach to such rates. A microscopic analysis of the parameters appearing in the capture rate expression is presented in the light of recent developments concerning photonuclear reactions. A shell model analysis is given and it is found that the predictions of the unperturbed shell model and also Hartree-Fock theory are in complete disagreement with the data. Considerable improvement is obtained when long range correlations are included in the ground state wave function of the absorbing nucleus. 21 references.

  4. Isospin asymmetries in pion scattering to isoscalar giant quadrupole states in Ni isotopes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oakley, D.S.; Braunstein, M.R.; Kraushaar, J.J.; Loveman, R.A.; Peterson, R.J.; Rilett, D.J. (University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado 80309 (US)); Boudrie, R.L. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545)

    1989-08-01

    Inelastic scattering of 180 MeV {pi}{sup {minus}} and {pi}{sup +} from {sup 58,60,62,64}Ni shows a prominent quadrupole feature near 65{ital A}{sup {minus}1/3} MeV, identified as the familiar isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance. For the heavier two isotopes, the {pi}{sup {minus}} scattering cross sections greatly exceed those for {pi}{sup +}, the same effect previously noted in pion scattering on heavy nuclei. Since these four nickel targets contain a range of single-nucleon binding energies, these new data demonstrate the influence of these single-particle effects on the apparent isospin response, increasingly neutronlike for the heavier isotopes.

  5. Equation of state for isospin asymmetric nuclear matter using Lane potential

    CERN Document Server

    Basu, D N; Samanta, C

    2006-01-01

    A variational method of obtaining equation of state (EOS) for symmetric nuclear matter from a density dependent M3Y interaction supplemented by a zero-range potential is described. The energy per nucleon is minimized to obtain the ground state of symmetric nuclear matter. The saturation energy per nucleon used for nuclear matter calculations is determined from the co-efficient of the volume term of Bethe-Weizs\\"acker mass formula which is evaluated by fitting the recent experimental and estimated atomic mass excesses from Audi-Wapstra-Thibault atomic mass table by minimizing the mean square deviation. The constants of density dependence of the effective interaction are obtained by reproducing the saturation energy per nucleon and the saturation density of spin and isospin symmetric cold infinite nuclear matter. The EOS of symmetric nuclear matter, thus obtained, provide reasonably good estimate of nuclear incompressibility. Once the consants of density dependence are determined, EOS for asymmetric nuclear mat...

  6. QED corrections to isospin-related decay rates of charged and neutral B mesons

    CERN Document Server

    Nam, S

    2004-01-01

    We estimate the isospin-violating QED radiative corrections to the charged-to-neutral ratios of the decay rates for B^+ and B^0 in non-leptonic B meson decays. In particular, these corrections are potentially important for precision measurement of the charged-to-neutral production ratio of B meson in e^+e^- annihilation. We calculate explicitly the QED corrections to the ratios of two different types of decay rates \\Gamma(B^+ \\to J/\\psi K^+)/\\Gamma(B^0 \\to J/\\psi K^0) and \\Gamma(B^+ \\to D^+_S \\bar{D^0})/\\Gamma(B^0 \\to D^+_S D^-) taking into account the form factors of the mesons based on the vector meson dominance model, and compare them with the results obtained for the point-like mesons.

  7. Isospin Decomposition of the Basic Double-Pionic Fusion in the Region of the ABC Effect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skorodko T.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available With a proton beam of Tp = 1.2 GeV incident on the deuterium pellet target of the WASA detector setup all three basic double-pionic fusion reactions have been measured simultaneously. By use of quasifree kinematics the energy range 2.3 GeV ≤ √s < 2.5 GeV could be covered, which just coincides with the energy region, where the ABC effect and its associated resonance structure has been observed. From the isospin decomposition we see that the resonance effect is solely in the isoscalar part of the reaction process, whereas the isovector part exhibits a monotonic smoothly rising energy dependence and no ABC effect.

  8. Isospin coherence and final-state scattering of disoriented chiral condensate

    CERN Document Server

    Huang, Z; Huang, Zheng; Suzuki, Mahiko

    1995-01-01

    We examine the validity of the notion of the coherent state for pions and the quantum scattering effect in the final state of pion emission. When the number of particles is large, the effect caused by the small but finite mass difference between the neutral and charged pions can add up substantially in the quantum evolution of an initially coherent state. As a result, the states with quite different numbers of neutral or charged pions are essentially incoherent. The importance of the quantum scattering in the final-state isospin charge distribution of a disoriented chiral condensate (DCC) is investigated. We find that the scattering effect significantly reduces the spectacular Centauro and anti-Centauro events. The deformation of a charge distribution dP/df predicted by the classical field theory is significant only for a DCC with the size of 10 fm or more.

  9. The phase-shift of isospin-2 pi-pi scattering from lattice QCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jozef J. Dudek, Robert G. Edwards, Michael J. Peardon, David G. Richards, Christopher E. Thomas

    2011-04-01

    Finite-volume lattice QCD calculations offer the possibility of extracting resonance parameters from the energy-dependent elastic phase-shift computed using the L\\"uscher technique. In this letter, as a trial of the method, we report on the extraction of the non-resonant phase-shift for $S$ and $D$-wave $\\pi\\pi$ isospin-2 scattering from dynamical lattice QCD computations. We define a variational basis of operators resembling pairs of pions of definite relative momentum and extract a spectrum of excited states that maps to phase-shifts at a set of discrete scattering momenta. Computations are performed with pion masses between $400$ and $520$ MeV on multiple spatial volumes. We observe no significant quark mass dependence in the phase-shifts extracted which are in reasonable agreement with the available experimental data at low momentum.

  10. Consequences of simultaneous chiral symmetry breaking and deconfinement for the isospin symmetric phase diagram

    CERN Document Server

    Fischer, Tobias; Hempel, Matthias

    2016-01-01

    The thermodynamic bag model (tdBag) has been applied widely to model quark matter properties in both heavy-ion and astrophysics communities. Several fundamental physics aspects are missing in tdBag, e.g., dynamical chiral symmetry breaking (D$\\chi$SB) and repulsions due to the vector interaction are both included explicitly in the novel vBag quark matter model of Kl\\"ahn and Fischer (2015) (Astrophys. J. 810, 134 (2015)). An important feature of vBag is the simultaneous D$\\chi$SB and deconfinement, where the latter links vBag to a given hadronic model for the construction of the phase transition. In this article we discuss the extension to finite temperatures and the resulting phase diagram for the isospin symmetric medium.

  11. Consequences of simultaneous chiral symmetry breaking and deconfinement for the isospin symmetric phase diagram

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fischer, Tobias; Klähn, Thomas; Hempel, Matthias

    2016-08-01

    The thermodynamic bag model (tdBag) has been applied widely to model quark matter properties in both heavy-ion and astrophysics communities. Several fundamental physics aspects are missing in tdBag, e.g., dynamical chiral symmetry breaking (D χ SB) and repulsions due to the vector interaction are both included explicitly in the novel vBag quark matter model of Klähn and Fischer (Astrophys. J. 810, 134 (2015)). An important feature of vBag is the simultaneous D χ SB and deconfinement, where the latter links vBag to a given hadronic model for the construction of the phase transition. In this article we discuss the extension to finite temperatures and the resulting phase diagram for the isospin symmetric medium.

  12. Angular and Isospin Asymmetries in the Decays B->K(*)l l-

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flood, Kevin T.; /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2011-11-08

    We use a sample of 384 million B{bar B} decays collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric e{sup +}e{sup -} storage ring to study the flavor-changing neutral current decays B {yields} K{sup (*)}{ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -}, where {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -} is either e{sup +}e{sup -} or {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}. We present measurements in two dilepton mass bins, one below the J/{psi} resonance and the other above, of the lepton forward-backward asymmetry {Alpha}{sub FB} and the longitudinal K* polarization F{sub L} in B {yields} K* {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -}, along with isospin rate asymmetries in B {yields} K*{ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -} and B {yields} K{ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -} final states.

  13. Isospin dependence of collective flow in heavy-ion collisions at intermediate energies

    CERN Document Server

    Li, B A; Ko, C M; Yennello, S J; Li, Bao An

    1996-01-01

    Within the framework of an isospin-dependent Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlen beck (BUU) model using initial proton and neutron densities calculated from the nonlinear relativistic mean-field (RMF) theory, we compare the strength of transverse collective flow in reactions ^{48}Ca+^{58}Fe and ^{48}Cr+^{58}Ni, which have the same mass number but different neutron/proton ratios. The neutron-rich system (^{48}Ca+^{58}Fe) is found to show significantly stronger negative deflection and consequently has a higher balance energy, especially in peripheral collisions. NOTE ADDED IN PROOF: The new phenomenon predicted in this work has just been confirmed by an experiment done by G.D. Westfall et al. using the NSCL/MSU radioactive beam facility and a spartan soccer. A paper by R. Pak et al. is submitted to PRL to report the experimental result.

  14. Quark matter at high density based on an extended confined isospin-density-dependent mass model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qauli, A. I.; Sulaksono, A.

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the effect of the inclusion of relativistic Coulomb terms in a confined-isospin-density-dependent-mass (CIDDM) model of strange quark matter (SQM). We found that if we include the Coulomb term in scalar density form, the SQM equation of state (EOS) at high densities is stiffer but if we include the Coulomb term in vector density form it is softer than that of the standard CIDDM model. We also investigate systematically the role of each term of the extended CIDDM model. Compared with what was reported by Chu and Chen [Astrophys. J. 780, 135 (2014)], we found the stiffness of SQM EOS is controlled by the interplay among the oscillator harmonic, isospin asymmetry and Coulomb contributions depending on the parameter's range of these terms. We have found that the absolute stable condition of SQM and the mass of 2 M⊙ pulsars can constrain the parameter of oscillator harmonic κ1≈0.53 in the case the Coulomb term is excluded. If the Coulomb term is included, for the models with their parameters are consistent with SQM absolute stability condition, the 2.0 M⊙ constraint more prefers the maximum mass prediction of the model with the scalar Coulomb term than that of the model with the vector Coulomb term. On the contrary, the high densities EOS predicted by the model with the vector Coulomb is more compatible with the recent perturbative quantum chromodynamics result [1] than that predicted by the model with the scalar Coulomb. Furthermore, we also observed the quark composition in a very high density region depends quite sensitively on the kind of Coulomb term used.

  15. The isospin admixture of the ground state and the properties of the isobar analog resonances in medium and heavy mass nuclei

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    D I Salmov; T Babacan; A Kücükbursa; S Ünlü; İ Maraṣ

    2006-06-01

    Within the framework of quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA), Pyatov–Salamov method [23] for the self-consistent determination of the isovector effective interaction strength parameter, restoring a broken isotopic symmetry for the nuclear part of the Hamiltonian, is used. The isospin admixtures in the ground state of the parent nucleus, and the isospin structure of the isobar analog resonance (IAR) state were investigated with the inclusion of the pairing correlations between nucleons for the medium and heavy mass regions: 80 < < 90, 102 < < 124, and 204 < < 214. It was determined that the influence of the pairing interaction between nucleons on the isospin admixtures in the ground state and the isospin structure of the IAR state is more pronounced for the light isotopes ( ≈ ) of the investigated nuclei.

  16. Split-ball resonator

    CERN Document Server

    Kuznetsov, Arseniy I; Fu, Yuan Hsing; Viswanathan, Vignesh; Rahmani, Mohsen; Valuckas, Vytautas; Kivshar, Yuri; Pickard, Daniel S; Lukiyanchuk, Boris

    2014-01-01

    We introduce a new concept of split-ball resonator and demonstrate a strong omnidirectional magnetic dipole response for both gold and silver spherical plasmonic nanoparticles with nanometer-scale cuts. Tunability of the magnetic dipole resonance throughout the visible spectral range is demonstrated by a change of the depth and width of the nanoscale cut. We realize this novel concept experimentally by employing the laser-induced transfer method to produce near-perfect spheres and helium ion beam milling to make cuts with the nanometer resolution. Due to high quality of the spherical particle shape, governed by strong surface tension forces during the laser transfer process, and the clean, straight side walls of the cut made by helium ion milling, magnetic resonance is observed at 600 nm in gold and at 565 nm in silver nanoparticles. Structuring arbitrary features on the surface of ideal spherical resonators with nanoscale dimensions provides new ways of engineering hybrid resonant modes and ultra-high near-f...

  17. In-medium and isospin effects on particle production near threshold energies in heavy-ion collisions

    CERN Document Server

    Feng, Zhao-Qing; Chen, Peng-Hui; Chen, Jie; Jin, Gen-Ming

    2015-01-01

    Dynamics of pseudoscalar mesons ($\\pi$, $\\eta$, $K$ and $\\overline{K}$ ) and hyperons ($\\Lambda$ and $\\Sigma$) produced in heavy-ion collisions near threshold energies has been investigated within the Lanzhou quantum molecular dynamics (LQMD) transport model. The in-medium modifications on particle production in dense nuclear matter are implemented in the model through corrections on the elementary cross sections and by inclusion of the meson (hyperon)-nucleon potentials, in which the isospin effects are considered. It is found that the transportation of particles are influenced with the in-medium corrections. The total number of pions is reduced with an isospin, density and momentum dependent pion-nucleon potential. However, the ratios of charged pions is enhanced with inclusion of the potential. The production of eta in the domain of mid-rapidities and high momenta is sensitive to the $\\eta$-nucleon potential, but weakly depends on symmetry energy. The attractive antikaon-nucleon potential enhances the subt...

  18. Coulomb energy difference as a probe of isospin-symmetry breaking in the upper fp-shell nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Kaneko, K; Sun, Y; Tazaki, S; de Angelis, G

    2012-01-01

    The anomaly in Coulomb energy differences (CED) between the isospin T=1 states in the odd-odd N=Z nucleus 70Br and the analogue states in its even-even partner 70Se has remained a puzzle. This is a direct manifestation of isospin-symmetry breaking in effective nuclear interactions. Here, we perform large-scale shell-model calculations for nuclei with A=66-78 using the new filter diagonalization method based on the Sakurai-Sugiura algorithm. The calculations reproduce well the experimental CED. The observed negative CED for A=70 are accounted for by the cross-shell neutron excitations from the fp-shell to the g9/2 intruder orbit with the enhanced electromagnetic spin-orbit contribution at this special nucleon number.

  19. ANALISA PERBANDINGAN TINGGI PERMUKAAN LAUT DARI DATA SGDR RETRACKING DAN GDR SATELIT ALTIMETRI JASON-2 TAHUN 2011 (STUDI KASUS : PESISIR PANTAI SELATAN JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewangga Eka Mahardian

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia adalah negara maritim dimana memiliki wilayah laut sekitar 70% sehingga segala aktifitas sangat dipengaruhi oleh kondisi laut. Sea surface high (SSH merupakan tinggi permukaan air laut di atas ellipsoid. Pengkajian tentang sea surface high (SSH sangat penting dilakukan di Indonesia untuk memperoleh informasi spasial tentang kondisi perairannya. Saat ini telah dikembangkan suatu sistem satelit yang mempunyai obyek penelitian mengamati kondisi perairan yakni satelit altimetri Jason-2.Metode analisa perbandingan tinggi permukaan laut retracking dari data SGDR dengan tinggi permukaan laut non retracking dari data GDR menggunakan metode Center of gravity. Metode ini digunakan untuk mendapatkan  sea surface high retracking. Pengolahan data netcdf satelit altimetri jason-2 menggunakan software radar altimetry toolbox (BRAT dan matrix laboratory. Pengolahan data tinggi permukaan laut dilakukan tiap pass perbulan pada tahun 2011.Hasil penelitian SSH pada 2011 didapatkan nilai SSH onboard  6,0430 m – 28,1084 m. Banyak faktor yang menyebabkan tinggi rendah SSH pada daerah pesisir yakni Ketinggian air laut , morfologi pantai , Iklim dan cuaca. Dari beberapa faktor tersebut , ketinggian air laut dapat langsung di olah dari satelit altimetri, didapatkan Ketinggian air laut onboard berkisar 5,7611 m – 28,2212 m.Hasil penelitian dari proses retracking SSH OCOG menujukan bahwa nilai SSH pada lintasan satelit dari daratan ke lautan (pass genap lebih besar  daripada lautan ke daratan (pass ganjil. Yang disebabkan oleh pantulan dan noise dari daratan yang relatif besar. Selain itu hasil ploting SSH OCOG masih sangat noise dibandingkan SSH onboard / SSH non retracking tetapi SSH memiliki keuntungan data lebih luas mencakup wilayah pesisir daripada SSH onboard.   

  20. Isospin symmetry breaking effects in B -> K^*+photon due to an additional generation of vector quarks

    CERN Document Server

    Ahmady, M R; Ahmady, Mohammad R.; Chishtie, Farrukh

    2005-01-01

    We investigate the effect of an extra generation of vector-like quarks on the isospin symmetry breaking in the B -> K^* +photon decay mode. The presence of the tree level FCNC due to the extra quarks leads to additional contributions to the C_3 and C_5 Wilson coefficients in the leading order of \\alpha_s. We show that within the QCD factorization framework, which has been previously used to obtain the isospin asymmetry between \\bar B^0 -> \\bar K^{*0} +photon and B^- -> K^{*-} +photon decay modes in the Standard Model, the extra contribution due to the vector-like quarks can be written as \\Delta_{0-}=-0.07\\frac{U^{sb}}{V_{tb}V^*_{ts}}, where U^{sb} is the non-unitarity parameter of the model. As a result, the isospin asymmetry in the radiative B -> K^* +photon$ decay provides an excellent opportunity to constrain U^{sb} independent of the mass of the vector-like quarks.

  1. Semantic Parameters of Split Intransitivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Valin, Jr., Robert D.

    1990-01-01

    This paper argues that split-intransitive phenomena are better explained in semantic terms. A semantic analysis is carried out in Role and Reference Grammar, which assumes the theory of verb classification proposed in Dowty 1979. (49 references) (JL)

  2. ISR split-field magnet

    CERN Multimedia

    1975-01-01

    The experimental apparatus used at intersection 4 around the Split-Field Magnet by the CERN-Bologna Collaboration (experiment R406). The plastic scintillator telescopes are used for precise pulse-height and time-of-flight measurements.

  3. Isospin Distribution of Fragments in Reaction 96Ru+96Ru, 96Ru+96Zr, 96Zr+96Ru, and 96Zr+96Zr at Beam Energy 400 AMeV

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The isospin distribution of particles and fragments in collisions 96Ru+96Ru, 96Ru+96Zr, 96Zr+96Ru, and 96Zr+96Zr at beam energy 400 AMeV is studied with isospin dependent QMD model. We find the rapidity distribution of difference between neutron-proton number in neutron rich nucleus-nucleus collisions at intermediate energies is sensitive to the isospin dependent part of nuclear potential. The study of the N/Z ratio of nucleons, light charged particles (LCP) and intermediate mass fragments (IMF) shows that the isospin dependent part of nuclear potential drives IMF to be more isospin symmetric and emitted nucleons to be more neutron rich. We also study the time evolution of the isospin distribution

  4. Split NMSSM with electroweak baryogenesis

    OpenAIRE

    Demidov, S.; Gorbunov, D; Kirpichnikov, D.

    2016-01-01

    In light of the Higgs boson discovery and other results of the LHC we re-consider generation of the baryon asymmetry in the split Supersymmetry model with an additional singlet superfield in the Higgs sector (non-minimal split SUSY). We find that successful baryogenesis during the first order electroweak phase transition is possible within a phenomenologically viable part of the model parameter space. We discuss several phenomenological consequences of this scenario, namely, predictions for t...

  5. Isospin Mixing Reveals $^{30}$P($p,\\gamma$)$^{31}$S Resonance Influencing Nova Nucleosynthesis

    CERN Document Server

    Bennett, M B; Brown, B A; Liddick, S N; Pérez-Loureiro, D; Bardayan, D W; Chen, A A; Chipps, K A; Fry, C; Glassman, B E; Langer, C; Larson, N R; McNeice, E I; Meisel, Z; Ong, W; O'Malley, P; Pain, S D; Prokop, C; Schatz, H; Schwartz, S B; Suchyta, S; Thompson, P; Walters, M; Xu, X

    2016-01-01

    The thermonuclear $^{30}$P($p,\\gamma$)$^{31}$S reaction rate is critical for modeling the final elemental and isotopic abundances of ONe nova nucleosynthesis, which affect the calibration of proposed nova thermometers and the identification of presolar nova grains, respectively. Unfortunately, the rate of this reaction is essentially unconstrained experimentally, because the strengths of key $^{31}$S proton capture resonance states are not known, largely due to uncertainties in their spins and parities. Using the $\\beta$ decay of $^{31}$Cl, we have observed the $\\beta$-delayed $\\gamma$ decay of a $^{31}$S state at $E_x = 6390.2(7)$ keV, with a $^{30}$P($p,\\gamma$)$^{31}$S resonance energy of $E_r = 259.3(8)$ keV, in the middle of the $^{30}$P($p,\\gamma$)$^{31}$S Gamow window for peak nova temperatures. This state exhibits isospin mixing with the nearby isobaric analog state (IAS) at $E_x = 6279.0(6)$ keV, giving it an unambiguous spin and parity of $3/2^+$ and making it an important $l = 0$ resonance for prot...

  6. Shining LUX on isospin-violating dark matter beyond leading order

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo Cirigliano

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Isospin-violating dark matter (IVDM has been proposed as a viable scenario to reconcile conflicting positive and null results from direct detection dark matter experiments. We show that the lowest-order dark matter-nucleus scattering rate can receive large and nucleus-dependent corrections at next-to-leading order (NLO in the chiral expansion. The size of these corrections depends on the specific couplings of dark matter to quark flavors and gluons. In general the full NLO dark-matter-nucleus cross-section is not adequately described by just the zero-energy proton and neutron couplings. These statements are concretely illustrated in a scenario where the dark matter couples to quarks through scalar operators. We find the canonical IVDM scenario can reconcile the null XENON and LUX results and the recent CDMS-Si findings provided its couplings to second and third generation quarks either lie on a special line or are suppressed. Equally good fits with new values of the neutron-to-proton coupling ratio are found in the presence of nonzero heavy quark couplings. We also derive the structure of the scattering amplitude to all orders in the chiral expansion and show the best fit points at NLO are robust against higher order corrections provided the chiral expansion is itself well-behaved. CDMS-Si remains in tension with LUX and XENON10/100 but is not excluded.

  7. Isospin violating dark matter in Stückelberg portals with intersecting D-branes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peiró, Miguel

    2016-05-01

    Certain string theory constructions are representative of the so-called hidden sector scenarios in which the hidden particles interact with the Standard Model matter fields through the exchange of massive Z‧ bosons. We show that such string motivated Stückelberg portals naturally lead to isospin violating interactions of DM particles with nuclei in direct detection experiments. We find that the ratios between the DM coupling to neutrons and protons for both, spin-independent (fn/fp ) and spin-dependent (an/ap ) interactions, are generically different from ±1, and depend on the charges of the quarks under the extra U(1) gauge groups. In order to find the experimentally allowed values of these ratios, we have incorporated constraints from searches for dijet and dilepton resonances at the LHC as well as LUX bounds on the elastic scattering of DM off nucleons. Our results highlight the importance of combining different search methods to shed light on this sort of scenarios.

  8. $a_1(1420)$ resonance as a tetraquark state and its isospin partner

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Hua-Xing; Chen, Wei; Steele, T G; Liu, Xiang; Zhu, Shi-Lin

    2015-01-01

    We systematically construct tetraquark currents of $I^GJ^{PC}=1^-1^{++}$ and classify them into types $\\mathbf{A}$ (antisymmetric), $\\mathbf{S}$ (symmetric) and $\\mathbf{M}$ (mixed), based on flavor symmetries of diquarks and antidiquarks composing the tetra quark currents. We use tetraquark currents of type $\\mathbf{M}$ to perform QCD sum rule analyses, and find a tetraquark current $\\eta^M_{5\\mu}$ with quark contents $q s\\bar q \\bar s$ ($q=u$ or $d$) leading to a mass of $1.44 \\pm 0.08$ GeV consistent with the $a_1(1420)$ state recently observed by the COMPASS collaboration. Our results support tetraquark explanations for both $a_1(1420)$ and $f_1(1420)$, assuming that they are isospin partners. We also study their possible decay patterns. As tetraquark candidates, the possible decay modes of $a_1(1420)$ are $S$-wave $a_1(1420) \\rightarrow K^*(892)K$ and $P$-wave $a_1(1420) \\rightarrow f_0(980) \\pi$ while the possible decay patterns of $f_1(1420)$ are $S$-wave $f_1(1420) \\rightarrow K^*(892)K$ and $P$-wave ...

  9. Isospin violating decays of positive parity $B_s$ mesons in HM$\\chi$PT

    CERN Document Server

    Brdnik, Anita Prapotnik

    2016-01-01

    Recent lattice QCD results suggest that the masses of the first two positive parity $B_s$ mesons lie below the BK threshold, similar to the case of $D^*_{s0}(2317)^+$ and $D_{s1}(2460)^+$ mesons. The mass spectrum of $B_s$ mesons seems to follow pattern of $D_s$ mass spectrum. As in the case of charmed mesons, the structure of positive parity $B_s$ mesons is very intriguing. To shed more light on this issue, we investigate strong isospin violating decays $B_s(0^+) \\to B_s^0 \\pi^0$, $B_s(1^+) \\to B_s^{*0} \\pi^0$ and $B_s(1^+) \\to B_s^0 \\pi \\pi$ within heavy meson chiral perturbation theory. The two body decay amplitude arises at the tree level and we show that the loop corrections give significant contributions. On the other hand, in the case of three body decay $B_s(1^+) \\to B_s^0 \\pi \\pi$ amplitude occurs only at the loop level. We find that the decay widths for these decays are: $\\Gamma (B_s(1^+) \\to B_s^0 \\pi \\pi)\\sim 10^{-3}\\,$keV and $\\Gamma (B_s(0^+) \\to B_s^0 \\pi^0) \\leq 55\\,$keV, $\\Gamma (B_s(1^+) \\to...

  10. Isospin violating dark matter in Stückelberg portal scenarios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lozano, Víctor Martín; Peiró, Miguel; Soler, Pablo

    2015-04-01

    Hidden sector scenarios in which dark matter (DM) interacts with the Standard Model matter fields through the exchange of massive Z ' bosons are well motivated by certain string theory constructions. In this work, we thoroughly study the phenomenological aspects of such scenarios and find that they present a clear and testable consequence for direct DM searches. We show that such string motivated Stückelberg portals naturally lead to isospin violating interactions of DM particles with nuclei. We find that the relations between the DM coupling to neutrons and protons for both, spin-independent ( f n /f p ) and spin-dependent ( a n /a p ) interactions, are very flexible depending on the charges of the quarks under the extra U(1) gauge groups. We show that within this construction these ratios are generically different from ±1 (i.e. different couplings to protons and neutrons) leading to a potentially measurable distinction from other popular portals. Finally, we incorporate bounds from searches for dijet and dilepton resonances at the LHC as well as LUX bounds on the elastic scattering of DM off nucleons to determine the experimentally allowed values of f n /f p and a n /a p .

  11. On Skyrmion semiclassical quantization in the presence of an isospin chemical potential

    CERN Document Server

    Cohen, Thomas D; Scoccola, Norberto N

    2008-01-01

    The semiclassical description of Skyrmions at small isospin chemical potential $\\mu_I$ is carefully analyzed. We show that when the calculation of the energy of a nucleon is performed using the straightforward generalization of the vacuum sector techniques ($\\mu_I=0$), together with the "natural" assumption $\\mu_I = {\\cal O} (N_c^0)$, the proton and neutron masses are nonlinear in $\\mu_I$ in the regime $|\\mu_I| < m_\\pi$. Although these nonlinearities turn out to be numerically quite small, such a result fails to strictly agree with the very robust prediction that for those values of $\\mui$ the energy excitations above the vacuum are linear in $\\mu_I$. The resolution of this paradox is achieved by studying the realization of the large $N_c$ limit of $QCD$ in the Skyrme model at finite $\\mui$. This is done in a simplified context devoid of the technical complications present in the Skyrme model but which fully displays the general scaling behavior with $N_c$. The analysis shows that the paradoxical result ap...

  12. Isospin decomposition of the basic double-pionic fusion in the region of the ABC effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adlarson, P.; Augustyniak, W.; Bardan, W.; Bashkanov, M.; Bednarski, T.; Bergmann, F. S.; Berłowski, M.; Bhatt, H.; Büscher, M.; Calén, H.; Clement, H.; Coderre, D.; Czerwiński, E.; Demmich, K.; Doroshkevich, E.; Engels, R.; Erven, W.; Eyrich, W.; Fedorets, P.; Föhl, K.; Fransson, K.; Goldenbaum, F.; Goslawski, P.; Goswami, A.; Grigoryev, K.; Gullström, C.-O.; Hauenstein, F.; Heijkenskjöld, L.; Hejny, V.; Hinterberger, F.; Hodana, M.; Höistad, B.; Jany, A.; Jany, B. R.; Jarczyk, L.; Johansson, T.; Kamys, B.; Kemmerling, G.; Khan, F. A.; Khoukaz, A.; Kistryn, S.; Klaja, J.; Kleines, H.; Kłos, B.; Krapp, M.; Krzemień, W.; Kulessa, P.; Kupść, A.; Lalwani, K.; Lersch, D.; Li, L.; Lorentz, B.; Magiera, A.; Maier, R.; Marciniewski, P.; Mariański, B.; Mikirtychiants, M.; Morsch, H.-P.; Moskal, P.; Nandi, B. K.; Niedźwiecki, S.; Ohm, H.; Ozerianska, I.; Perez del Rio, E.; Pluciński, P.; Podkopał, P.; Prasuhn, D.; Pricking, A.; Pszczel, D.; Pysz, K.; Pyszniak, A.; Redmer, C. F.; Ritman, J.; Roy, A.; Rudy, Z.; Sawant, S.; Schadmand, S.; Schmidt, A.; Sefzick, T.; Serdyuk, V.; Shah, N.; Siemaszko, M.; Siudak, R.; Skorodko, T.; Skurzok, M.; Smyrski, J.; Sopov, V.; Stassen, R.; Stepaniak, J.; Stephan, E.; Sterzenbach, G.; Stockhorst, H.; Ströher, H.; Szczurek, A.; Tolba, T.; Trzciński, A.; Varma, R.; Vlasov, P.; Wagner, G. J.; Węglorz, W.; Wolke, M.; Wrońska, A.; Wüstner, P.; Wurm, P.; Yamamoto, A.; Yuan, X.; Yurev, L.; Zabierowski, J.; Zheng, C.; Zieliński, M. J.; Zipper, W.; Złomańczuk, J.; Żuprański, P.; Żurek, M.

    2013-04-01

    Exclusive and kinematically complete high-statistics measurements of the basic double-pionic fusion reactions pn → dπ0π0, pn → dπ+π- and pp → dπ+π0 have been carried out simultaneously over the energy region of the ABC effect using the WASA detector setup at COSY. Whereas the isoscalar reaction part given by the dπ0π0 channel exhibits the ABC effect, i.e. a low-mass enhancement in the ππ-invariant mass distribution, as well as the associated resonance structure in the total cross section, the isovector part given by the dπ+π0 channel shows a smooth behavior consistent with the conventional t-channel ΔΔ process. The dπ+π- data are very well reproduced by combining the data for isovector and isoscalar contributions, if the kinematical consequences of the isospin violation due to different masses for charged and neutral pions are taken into account.

  13. Charge-symmetry breaking forces and isospin mixing in 8Be

    CERN Document Server

    Wiringa, R B; Pieper, Steven C; Miller, Gerald A

    2013-01-01

    We report Green's function Monte Carlo calculations of isospin-mixing (IM) matrix elements for the 2+, 1+, and 3+ T=0,1 pairs of states at 16--19 MeV excitation in 8Be. The realistic Argonne v18 (AV18) two-nucleon and Illinois-7 three-nucleon potentials are used to generate the nuclear wave functions. Contributions from the full electromagnetic interaction and strong class III charge-symmetry-breaking (CSB) components of the AV18 potential are evaluated. We also examine two theoretically more complete CSB potentials based on rho-omega mixing, tuned to give the same neutron-neutron scattering length as AV18. The contribution of these different CSB potentials to the 3H-3He, 7Li-7Be, and 8Li-8B isovector energy differences is evaluated and reasonable agreement with experiment is obtained. Finally, for the 8Be IM calculation we add the small class IV CSB terms coming from one-photon, one-pion, and one-rho exchange, as well as rho-omega mixing. The expectation values of the three CSB models vary by up to 20% in th...

  14. Axial anomaly effects in finite isospin $\\chi$PT in a magnetic field

    CERN Document Server

    Adhikari, Prabal

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we consider finite isospin chiral perturbation theory including the effects of the axial anomaly (through the Wess-Zumino-Witten term) in a strong magnetic field. We firstly prove that in a strong external magnetic field ($H_{\\rm ext}$) or more precisely the Schwinger limit, where photon back-reactions are suppressed, only neutral pions can condense and the condensation of charged pions is forbidden. Secondly, we find that the $\\pi^{0}$ domain wall is an example of a phase that can exist in a strong magnetic field and suggest the existence of a new phase transition line from the normal vacuum state to the $\\pi^{0}$ domain wall state. This phase transition exists for non-zero pion masses if the baryon chemical potential exceeds a critical value $16\\pi f_{\\pi}^{2}m_{\\pi}/eH_{\\rm ext}$. The phase transition line persists away from the Schwinger limit when the photons can back-react to the external magnetic field.

  15. A study of isospin symmetry breaking in carbon 12 with 50 MeV pions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Applegate, J M

    1993-03-01

    In the first experiment to use the superconducting RF cavity at LAMPF known as the Scruncher, cross sections have been measured for the 1+ doublet in {sup 12}C by 50 MeV {pi}r{sup {plus_minus}} scattering. The cross section ratio of the isoscalar to the isovector states was found to be 6.8 {plus_minus} 1.3 for {pi}{sup +}+ scattering and 3.9 {plus_minus} 1.4 for {pi}{sup {minus}} scattering. These ratios give an isospin mixing matrix element H{sub 01}, of 119 {plus_minus} 40 key, in good agreement with the average value of 123 {plus_minus} 26 key deduced from previous pion-scattering data and with values deduced from other probes. The ratio of {pi}{sup +} + p to {pi}{sup {minus}} + p cross sections was determined experimentally to be 2.60 {plus_minus} 0.11, in agreement with a theoretical value of 2.85. The agreement of these results indicates that the impulse approximation is valid at 50 MeV. Cross sections were also measured for the elastic and collective states in {sup 12}C and were generally described well by distorted wave Born approximation calculations published previously.

  16. Spectroscopy of 70Kr and isospin symmetry in the T =1 f p g shell nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debenham, D. M.; Bentley, M. A.; Davies, P. J.; Haylett, T.; Jenkins, D. G.; Joshi, P.; Sinclair, L. F.; Wadsworth, R.; Ruotsalainen, P.; Henderson, J.; Kaneko, K.; Auranen, K.; Badran, H.; Grahn, T.; Greenlees, P.; HerzaáÅ, A.; Jakobsson, U.; Konki, J.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Leino, M.; Sorri, J.; Pakarinen, J.; Papadakis, P.; Peura, P.; Partanen, J.; Rahkila, P.; Sandzelius, M.; Sarén, J.; Scholey, C.; Stolze, S.; Uusitalo, J.; David, H. M.; de Angelis, G.; Korten, W.; Lotay, G.; Mallaburn, M.; Sahin, E.

    2016-11-01

    The recoil-β tagging technique has been used in conjunction with the 40Ca(32S,2 n ) reaction at a beam energy of 88 MeV to identify transitions associated with the decay of the 2+ and, tentatively, 4+ states in the nucleus 70Kr. These data are used, along with previously published data, to examine the triplet energy differences (TED) for the mass 70 isobars. The experimental TED values are compared with shell model calculations, performed with the JUN45 interaction in the f p g model space, that include a J =0 isospin nonconserving (INC) interaction with an isotensor strength of 100 keV. The agreement is found to be very good up to spin 4 and supports the expectation for analog states that all three nuclei have the same oblate shape at low-spin. The A =70 results are compared with the experimental and shell model predicted TED and mirror energy differences (MED) for the mass 66 and 74 systems. The comparisons clearly demonstrate the importance of the isotensor INC interaction in replicating the TED data in this region. Issues related to the observed MED values and their interpretation within the shell model are discussed.

  17. Chiral logs in twisted mass lattice QCD with large isospin breaking

    CERN Document Server

    Bar, Oliver

    2010-01-01

    The pion masses and the pion decay constant are calculated to 1-loop order in twisted mass Wilson chiral perturbation theory, assuming a large pion mass splitting and tuning to maximal twist. Taking the large mass splitting at leading order in the chiral expansion leads to significant modifications in the chiral logarithms. For example, the result for the charged pion mass contains a chiral logarithm that involves the neutral pion mass instead of the charged one. Similar modifications appear in the results for the neutral pion mass and the decay constant. These new results are used in fits to lattice data obtained recently by the European twisted mass collaboration. The data can be fitted well, in general better than with the standard chiral perturbation theory expressions that ignore the mass splitting. The impact on the extraction of low-energy couplings is briefly discussed.

  18. Solar water splitting: efficiency discussion

    CERN Document Server

    Juodkazyte, Jurga; Sebeka, Benjaminas; Savickaja, Irena; Malinauskas, Tadas; Badokas, Kazimieras; Juodkazis, Kestutis; Juodkazis, Saulius

    2016-01-01

    The current state of the art in direct water splitting in photo-electrochemical cells (PECs) is presented together with: (i) a case study of water splitting using a simple solar cell with the most efficient water splitting electrodes and (ii) a detailed mechanism analysis. Detailed analysis of the energy balance and efficiency of solar hydrogen production are presented. The role of hydrogen peroxide formation as an intermediate in oxygen evolution reaction is newly revealed and explains why an oxygen evolution is not taking place at the thermodynamically expected 1.23 V potential. Solar hydrogen production with electrical-to-hydrogen conversion efficiency of 52% is demonstrated using a simple ~0.7%-efficient n-Si/Ni Schottky solar cell connected to a water electrolysis cell. This case study shows that separation of the processes of solar harvesting and electrolysis avoids photo-electrode corrosion and utilizes optimal electrodes for hydrogen and oxygen evolution reactions and achieves ~10% efficiency in light...

  19. Lattice splitting under intermittent flows

    CERN Document Server

    Schläpfer, Markus

    2010-01-01

    We study the splitting of regular square lattices subject to stochastic intermittent flows. By extensive Monte Carlo simulations we reveal how the time span until the occurence of a splitting depends on various flow patterns imposed on the lattices. Increasing the flow fluctuation frequencies shortens this time span which reaches a minimum before rising again due to inertia effects incorporated in the model. The size of the largest connected component after the splitting is rather independent of the flow fluctuations but sligthly decreases with the link capacities. Our results are relevant for assessing the robustness of real-life systems, such as electric power grids with a large share of renewable energy sources including wind turbines and photovoltaic systems.

  20. On Split Lie Triple Systems

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Antonio J Calderón Martín

    2009-04-01

    We begin the study of arbitrary split Lie triple systems by focussing on those with a coherent 0-root space. We show that any such triple systems with a symmetric root system is of the form $T=\\mathcal{U}+\\sum_j I_j$ with $\\mathcal{U}$ a subspace of the 0-root space $T_0$ and any $I_j$ a well described ideal of , satisfying $[I_j,T,I_k]=0$ if $j≠ k$. Under certain conditions, it is shown that is the direct sum of the family of its minimal ideals, each one being a simple split Lie triple system, and the simplicity of is characterized. The key tool in this job is the notion of connection of roots in the framework of split Lie triple systems.

  1. Split supersymmetry in brane models

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ignatios Antoniadis

    2006-11-01

    Type-I string theory in the presence of internal magnetic fields provides a concrete realization of split supersymmetry. To lowest order, gauginos are massless while squarks and sleptons are superheavy. For weak magnetic fields, the correct Standard Model spectrum guarantees gauge coupling unification with sin2 W = 3/8 at the com-pactification scale of GUT ≃ 2 × 1016 GeV. I discuss mechanisms for generating gaugino and higgsino masses at the TeV scale, as well as generalizations to models with split extended supersymmetry in the gauge sector.

  2. Split NMSSM with electroweak baryogenesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demidov, S. V.; Gorbunov, D. S.; Kirpichnikov, D. V.

    2016-11-01

    In light of the Higgs boson discovery and other results of the LHC we re-consider generation of the baryon asymmetry in the split Supersymmetry model with an additional singlet superfield in the Higgs sector (non-minimal split SUSY). We find that successful baryogenesis during the first order electroweak phase transition is possible within a phenomenologically viable part of the model parameter space. We discuss several phenomenological consequences of this scenario, namely, predictions for the electric dipole moments of electron and neutron and collider signatures of light charginos and neutralinos.

  3. Splitting strings on integrable backgrounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vicedo, Benoit

    2011-05-15

    We use integrability to construct the general classical splitting string solution on R x S{sup 3}. Namely, given any incoming string solution satisfying a necessary self-intersection property at some given instant in time, we use the integrability of the worldsheet {sigma}-model to construct the pair of outgoing strings resulting from a split. The solution for each outgoing string is expressed recursively through a sequence of dressing transformations, the parameters of which are determined by the solutions to Birkhoff factorization problems in an appropriate real form of the loop group of SL{sub 2}(C). (orig.)

  4. Split Supersymmetry in String Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Antoniadis, Ignatios

    2006-01-01

    Type I string theory in the presence of internal magnetic fields provides a concrete realization of split supersymmetry. To lowest order, gauginos are massless while squarks and sleptons are superheavy. For weak magnetic fields, the correct Standard Model spectrum guarantees gauge coupling unification with \\sin^2{\\theta_W}=3/8 at the compactification scale of M_{\\rm GUT}\\simeq 2 \\times 10^{16} GeV. I discuss mechanisms for generating gaugino and higgsino masses at the TeV scale, as well as generalizations to models with split extended supersymmetry in the gauge sector.

  5. Fifth meeting of the GDR

    CERN Document Server

    Leger, Alain; Ultrasonic Wave Propagation in Non Homogeneous Media

    2009-01-01

    Non Destructive Testing and Non Destructive Evaluation using Ultrasounds covers an important field of applications and requires a wide range of fundamental theoretical, numerical and experimental investigations. In the present volume, the reader will find some relevant research results on wave propagation in complex materials and structures which are concerned with today’s problems on composites, bonding, guided waves, contact or damage, imaging and structural noise. The fifth meeting of the Anglo-French Research Group on "Wave propagation in non homogeneous media with a view to Non Destructive Testing", where all these results were presented, was held in Anglet, France, June 2-6, 2008.

  6. Beam splitting on weak illumination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snyder, A W; Buryak, A V; Mitchell, D J

    1998-01-01

    We demonstrate, in both two and three dimensions, how a self-guided beam in a non-Kerr medium is split into two beams on weak illumination. We also provide an elegant physical explanation that predicts the universal character of the observed phenomenon. Possible applications of our findings to guiding light with light are also discussed.

  7. Torque-Splitting Gear Drive

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kish, J.

    1991-01-01

    Geared drive train transmits torque from input shaft in equal parts along two paths in parallel, then combines torques in single output shaft. Scheme reduces load on teeth of meshing gears while furnishing redundancy to protect against failures. Such splitting and recombination of torques common in design of turbine engines.

  8. Water splitting by cooperative catalysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.G.H. Hetterscheid; J.I. van der Vlugt; B. de Bruin; J.N.H. Reek

    2009-01-01

    A mononuclear Ru complex is shown to efficiently split water into H2 and O2 in consecutive steps through a heat- and light-driven process (see picture). Thermally driven H2 formation involves the aid of a non-innocent ligand scaffold, while dioxygen is generated by initial photochemically induced re

  9. Measurement of the isospin-filtering dd -> 4He K+ K- reaction at Q=39 MeV

    CERN Document Server

    Yuan, X; Chiladze, D; Dymov, S; Dzyuba, A; Grishina, V Yu; Hanhart, C; Hartmann, M; Kacharava, A; Khoukaz, A; Kondratyuk, L A; Koptev, V; Kulessa, P; Mielke, M; Mikirtychiants, S; Nekipelov, M; Papenbrock, M; Pysz, K; Serdyuk, V; Ströher, H; Wilkin, C; Xu, H

    2009-01-01

    The total cross section for the dd -> 4He K+ K- reaction has been measured at a beam momentum of 3.7 GeV/c, corresponding to an excess energy of 39 MeV, which is the maximum possible at the Cooler Synchrotron COSY-J\\"{u}lich. A deuterium cluster-jet target and the ANKE forward magnetic spectrometer, placed inside the storage ring, have been employed in this investigation. We find a total cross section of sigma(tot) 4He a0(980) reaction as a means of studying isospin violation.

  10. Comparison of β-decay and Charge-exchange Reactions in Mirror T=2 Nuclei and Isospin Mixing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    B Rubio; A Poves; S E A Orrigo; A Algora; B Blank; Y Fujita; H Fujita; E Ganioglu; W Gelletly; A Montaner-Piza

    2016-01-01

    We have carried outβdecay studies of proton rich nuclei in the fp shell at different laboratories. Here we present our recent results on the β decay of Tz=−2 nuclei performed at GANIL and compare them with the Charge Exchange reactions on their stable, mirror-partner targets, performed at RCNP. In one of the cases, the 56Zn- 56Fe pair, a strong isospin mixing has been observed. The results are well reproduced in the framework of Shell Model calculations.

  11. Kaon-kaon scattering at maximal isospin from $N_f=2+1+1$ twisted mass lattice QCD

    CERN Document Server

    Helmes, Christopher; Knippschild, Bastian; Kostrzewa, Bartosz; Liu, Liuming; Urbach, Carsten; Werner, Markus

    2016-01-01

    We present results for the interaction of two kaons at maximal isospin. The calculation is based on 2+1+1 flavour gauge configurations generated by the ETM Collaboration (ETMC) featuring pion masses ranging from about 230 MeV to 450 MeV at three values of the lattice spacing. The elastic scattering length $a_0^{I=1}$ is calculated at several values of the bare strange quark and light quark masses. We find $M_K a_0 =-0.397(11)(_{-8}^{+0})$ as the result of a chiral and continuum extrapolation to the physical point. This number is compared to other lattice results.

  12. Microscopic approach to the nucleon-nucleon effective interaction and nucleon-nucleon scattering in symmetric and isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter

    CERN Document Server

    Sammarruca, Francesca

    2013-01-01

    After reviewing our microscopic approach to nuclear and neutron-rich matter, we focus on how nucleon-nucleon scattering is impacted by the presence of a dense hadronic medium, with special emphasis on the case where neutron and proton densities are different. We discuss in detail medium and isospin asymmetry effects on the total elastic cross section and the mean free path of a neutron or a proton in isospin-asymmetric nuclear matter. We point out that in-medium cross sections play an important role in heavy-ion simulations aimed at extracting constraints on the symmetry potential. We argue that medium and isospin dependence of microscopic cross sections are the results of a complex balance among various effects, and cannot be simulated with a simple phenomenological model.

  13. Cool covered sky-splitting spectrum-splitting FK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mohedano, Rubén; Chaves, Julio; Falicoff, Waqidi; Hernandez, Maikel; Sorgato, Simone [LPI, Altadena, CA, USA and Madrid (Spain); Miñano, Juan C.; Benitez, Pablo [LPI, Altadena, CA, USA and Madrid, Spain and Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Madrid (Spain); Buljan, Marina [Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Madrid (Spain)

    2014-09-26

    Placing a plane mirror between the primary lens and the receiver in a Fresnel Köhler (FK) concentrator gives birth to a quite different CPV system where all the high-tech components sit on a common plane, that of the primary lens panels. The idea enables not only a thinner device (a half of the original) but also a low cost 1-step manufacturing process for the optics, automatic alignment of primary and secondary lenses, and cell/wiring protection. The concept is also compatible with two different techniques to increase the module efficiency: spectrum splitting between a 3J and a BPC Silicon cell for better usage of Direct Normal Irradiance DNI, and sky splitting to harvest the energy of the diffuse radiation and higher energy production throughout the year. Simple calculations forecast the module would convert 45% of the DNI into electricity.

  14. Isospin transport phenomena and odd-even staggering in 84Kr+112,124Sn collisions at 35 AMeV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piantelli S.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Experimental results concerning isospin transport phenomena and odd-even staggering in Z and N distributions are presented. Data refer to 84Kr+112,124Sn collisions at 35AMeV and they were collected with a high resolution FAZIA telescope, able to isotopically resolve ions up to Z ∼ 20. Evidences of isospin diffusion and drift obtained from the /Z behaviour of the detected fragments are discussed. The odd-even staggering both in Z and N is compared with experimental data available in literature, finding that it shows a common trend in different reaction types.

  15. Dirac and Maxwell equations in Split Octonions

    CERN Document Server

    Beradze, Revaz

    2016-01-01

    The split octonionic form of Dirac and Maxwell equations are found. In contrast with the previous attempts these equations are derived from the octonionic analyticity condition and also we use different basis of the 8-dimensional space of split octonions.

  16. Isospin violating decays of positive parity B{sub s} mesons in HMχPT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fajfer, Svjetlana [University of Ljubljana, Department of Physics, Ljubljana (Slovenia); J. Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, P. O. Box 3000, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Prapotnik Brdnik, Anita [J. Stefan Institute, Jamova 39, P. O. Box 3000, Ljubljana (Slovenia); University of Maribor, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Transportation Engineering and Architecture, Maribor (Slovenia)

    2016-10-15

    Recent lattice QCD results suggest that the masses of the first two positive parity B{sub s} mesons lie below the BK threshold, similar to the case of D{sup *}{sub s0}(2317){sup +} and D{sub s1}(2460){sup +} mesons. The mass spectrum of B{sub s} mesons seems to follow the pattern of a D{sub s} mass spectrum. As in the case of charmed mesons, the structure of positive parity B{sub s} mesons is very intriguing. To shed more light on this issue, we investigate the strong isospin violating decays B{sub s0}{sup *0} → B{sub s}{sup 0}π{sup 0}, B{sub s1}{sup 0} → B{sub s}{sup *0}π{sup 0}, and B{sub s1}{sup 0} → B{sub s}{sup 0}ππ within heavy meson chiral perturbation theory. The two-body decay amplitude arises at tree level and we show that the loop corrections give significant contributions. On the other hand, in the case of three-body decay B{sub s1}{sup 0} → B{sub s}{sup 0}ππ the amplitude occurs only at loop level. We find that the decay widths for these decays are Γ(B{sub s1}{sup 0} → B{sub s}{sup 0}ππ) ∝ 10{sup -3} keV, and Γ(B{sub s0}{sup *0} → B{sub s}{sup 0}π{sup 0}) ≤ 55 keV, Γ(B{sub s1}{sup 0} → B{sub s}{sup *0}π{sup 0}) ≤ 50 keV. More precise knowledge of the coupling constant describing the interaction of positive and negative parity heavy mesons with light pseudo-scalar mesons would help to increase the accuracy of our calculation. (orig.)

  17. Isospin violation in $\\phi, J/\\psi, \\psi^\\prime \\to \\omega \\pi^0$ via hadronic loops

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Gang; Zou, Bing-Song

    2007-01-01

    In this work, we study the isospin-violating decay of $\\phi\\to \\omega\\pi^0$ and quantify the electromagnetic (EM) transitions and intermediate meson exchanges as two major sources of the decay mechanisms. In the EM decays, the present datum status allows a good constraint on the EM decay form factor in the vector meson dominance (VMD) model, and it turns out that the EM transition can only account for about $1/4\\sim 1/3$ of the branching ratio for $\\phi\\to \\omega\\pi^0$. The intermediate meson exchanges, $K\\bar{K}(K^*)$ (intermediate $K\\bar{K}$ interaction via $K^*$ exchanges) and $K^*\\bar{K}(K)$ (intermediate $K^*\\bar{K}$ rescattering via kaon exchanges), which evade the naive Okubo-Zweig-Iizuka (OZI) rule, serve as another important contribution to the isospin violations. They are evaluated with effective Lagrangians where explicit constraints from experiment can be applied. Combining these two contributions, we obtain results in good agreement with the experimental data. This approach is also extended to $J...

  18. Investigation of isospin effects in d p → {sup 3}Heπ{sup +}π{sup -} at ANKE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mielke, Malte; Fritzsch, Christopher; Goslawski, Paul; Khoukaz, Alfons; Papenbrock, Michael; Schroeer, Daniel; Taeschner, Alexander [Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet, Muenster (Germany); Wilkin, Colin [University College London (United Kingdom); Collaboration: ANKE-Collaboration

    2014-07-01

    Two-pion production in nuclear collisions has been the subject of intensive research for more than 50 years, ever since the discovery of the so-called ABC-effect in proton-deuteron collisions. The effect appears as an enhancement at low two-pion invariant masses and is found to be dominantly in the ππ isospin I{sub ππ} = 0 channel. In the d p → {sup 3}Heπ{sup +}π{sup -} reaction, interferences of I{sub ππ} = 0 and I{sub ππ} = 1 are allowed, which permits studies on possible contributions of the Roper resonance, especially in the isovector part. These cause the {sup 3}He π{sup +} and {sup 3}He π{sup -} invariant-mass distributions to differ in shape and are therefore experimentally accessible. The high momentum resolution that is needed to quantify these differences can be achieved with the ANKE spectrometer at the COoler SYnchrotron (COSY), where data of the reaction d p → {sup 3}Heπ{sup +}π{sup -} were recorded in an excess energy range of 265 to 285 MeV. The use of kinematically complete events allows a detailed analysis of the invariant mass distributions to be made and reveals that there must be some isospin-one ππ production even for relatively low values of M{sub ππ}. Final results are presented and discussed.

  19. Antiproton-nucleus inelastic scattering and the spin-isospin dependence of the N anti N interaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dover, C.B.

    1985-01-01

    A general overview of the utility of antinucleon (anti N)-nucleus inelastic scattering studies is presented, emphasizing both the sensitivity of the cross sections to various components of the N anti N transition amplitudes and the prospects for the exploration of some novel aspects of nuclear structure. We start with an examination of the relation between NN and N anti N potentials, focusing on the coherences predicted for the central, spin-orbit and tensor components, and how these may be revealed by measurements of two-body spin observables. We next discuss the role of the nucleus as a spin and isospin filter, and show how, by a judicious choice of final state quantum numbers (natural or unnatural parity states, isospin transfer ..delta..T=0 or 1) and momentum transfer q, one can isolate different components of the N anti N transition amplitude. Various models for the N anti N interaction which give reasonable fits to the available two-body data are shown to lead to strikingly different predictions for certain spin-flip nuclear transitions. We suggest several possible directions for future anti N-nucleus inelastic scattering experiments at LEAR, for instance the study of spin observables which would be accessible with polarized anti N beams, charge exchange reactions, and higher resolution studies of the (anti p, anti p') reaction. We compare the antinucleon and the nucleon as a probe of nuclear modes of excitation. 34 refs.

  20. Two-Pion Production in Proton-Proton Collisions -- Experimental Total Cross Sections and their Isospin Decomposition

    CERN Document Server

    Skorodko, T; Bogoslawsky, D; Calén, H; Clement, H; Doroshkevich, E; Demiroers, L; Ekström, C; Fransson, K; Gustafsson, L; Höistad, B; Ivanov, G; Jacewicz, M; Jiganov, E; Johansson, T; Khakimova, O; Keleta, S; Koch, I; Kren, F; Kullander, S; Kupsc, A; Marciniewski, P; Meier, R; Morosov, B; Pauly, C; Petren, H; Petukhov, Yu P; Povtorejko, A; Ruber, R J M Y; Schonning, K; Scobel, W; Shwartz, B; Stepaniak, J; Thorngren-Engblom, P; Tikhomirov, V; Wagner, G J; Wolke, M; Yamamoto, A; Zabierowski, J; Zlomanczuk, Yu

    2009-01-01

    The two-pion production in pp-collisions has been investigated at CELSIUS in exclusive measurements from threshold up to $T_p$ = 1.36 GeV. Total and differential cross sections have been obtained for the channels $pn\\pi^+\\pi^0$, $pp\\pi^+\\pi^-$, $pp\\pi^0\\pi^0$ and also $nn\\pi^+\\pi^+$. For intermediate incident energies $T_p >$ 1 GeV, i.e. in the region which is beyond the Roper excitation but at the onset of $\\Delta\\Delta$ excitation, the total $pp\\pi^0\\pi^0$ cross section falls behind theoretical predictions by as much as an order of magnitude near 1.2 GeV, whereas the $nn\\pi^+\\pi^+$ cross section is a factor of five larger than predicted. An isospin decompostion of the total cross sections exhibits a s-channel-like energy dependence in the region of the Roper excitation as well as a significant contribution of an isospin 3/2 resonance other than the $\\Delta(1232)$. As possible candidates the $\\Delta(1600)$ and the $\\Delta(1700)$ are discussed.

  1. Two-pion production in proton-proton collisions — experimental total cross sections and their isospin decomposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skorodko, T.; Bashkanov, M.; Bogoslawsky, D.; Calén, H.; Clement, H.; Doroshkevich, E.; Demiroers, L.; Ekström, C.; Fransson, K.; Gustafsson, L.; Höistad, B.; Ivanov, G.; Jacewicz, M.; Jiganov, E.; Johansson, T.; Khakimova, O.; Keleta, S.; Koch, I.; Kren, F.; Kullander, S.; Kupść, A.; Marciniewski, P.; Meier, R.; Morosov, B.; Pauly, C.; Petrén, H.; Petukhov, Y.; Povtorejko, A.; Ruber, R. J. M. Y.; Schönning, K.; Scobel, W.; Shwartz, B.; Stepaniak, J.; Thörngren-Engblom, P.; Tikhomirov, V.; Wagner, G. J.; Wolke, M.; Yamamoto, A.; Zabierowski, J.; Zlomanczuk, J.

    2009-08-01

    The two-pion production in pp-collisions has been investigated at CELSIUS in exclusive measurements from threshold up to Tp = 1.36 GeV. Total and differential cross sections have been obtained for the channels pnπ+π0, ppπ+π-, ppπ0π0 and also nnπ+π+. For intermediate incident energies Tp > 1 GeV, i.e. in the region which is beyond the Roper excitation but at the onset of ΔΔ excitation, the total ppπ0π0 cross section falls behind theoretical predictions by as much as an order of magnitude near 1.2 GeV, whereas the nnπ+π+ cross section is a factor of five larger than predicted. An isospin decomposition of the total cross sections exhibits a s-channel-like energy dependence in the region of the Roper excitation as well as a significant contribution of an isospin 3/2 resonance other than the Δ (1232). As possible candidates the Δ (1600) and the Δ (1700) are discussed.

  2. Two-pion production in proton-proton collisions - experimental total cross sections and their isospin decomposition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skorodko, T.; Bashkanov, M. [Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Bogoslawsky, D. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Calen, H. [Svedberg Laboratory, Uppsala (Sweden); Clement, H. [Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)], E-mail: Clement@pit.physik.uni-tuebingen.de; Doroshkevich, E. [Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Demiroers, L. [Hamburg University, Hamburg (Germany); Ekstroem, C.; Fransson, K. [The Svedberg Laboratory, Uppsala (Sweden); Gustafsson, L.; Hoeistad, B. [Uppsala University, Uppsala (Sweden); Ivanov, G. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Jacewicz, M. [Uppsala University, Uppsala (Sweden); Jiganov, E. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna (Russian Federation); Johansson, T. [Uppsala University, Uppsala (Sweden); Khakimova, O. [Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Keleta, S.; Koch, I. [Uppsala University, Uppsala (Sweden); Kren, F. [Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet Tuebingen, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany); Kullander, S. [Uppsala University, Uppsala (Sweden)] (and others)

    2009-08-10

    The two-pion production in pp-collisions has been investigated at CELSIUS in exclusive measurements from threshold up to T{sub p}=1.36 GeV. Total and differential cross sections have been obtained for the channels pn{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup 0}, pp{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, pp{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0} and also nn{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +}. For intermediate incident energies T{sub p}>1 GeV, i.e. in the region which is beyond the Roper excitation but at the onset of {delta}{delta} excitation, the total pp{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0} cross section falls behind theoretical predictions by as much as an order of magnitude near 1.2 GeV, whereas the nn{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +} cross section is a factor of five larger than predicted. An isospin decomposition of the total cross sections exhibits a s-channel-like energy dependence in the region of the Roper excitation as well as a significant contribution of an isospin 3/2 resonance other than the {delta}(1232). As possible candidates the {delta}(1600) and the {delta}(1700) are discussed.

  3. Alpha decay chains study for the recently observed superheavy element Z=117 within the Isospin Cluster Model

    CERN Document Server

    Kumar, Sushil

    2011-01-01

    The recently observed $\\alpha$-decay chains $^{293-294}117$ were produced by the fusion reactions with target $^{249}Bk$ and projectile $^{48}Ca$ at Dubna in Russia. The reported cross-sections for the mentioned reaction are $\\sigma=0.5(+1.1,-0.4)$pb and $\\sigma$=1.3(+1.5,-0.6)$pb$ at $E^{*}=35MeV$ and $E^{*}=39MeV$, respectively. The Q-values of $\\alpha$-decay and the half-lives $Log_{10}T^{\\alpha}_{1/2}$(s) are calculated for the $\\alpha$-decay chains of $^{293-294}117$ nuclei, within the framework of Isospin Cluster Model (ICM). In the ICM model the proximity energy is improved by using the isospin dependent radius of parent, daughter and alpha particle. The binding energy $B(A_{i}, Z_{i})$ (i=1,2) of any nucleus of mass number A and atomic number Z was obtained from a phenomenological and more genaralized BW formula given by \\cite{samanta02}. The calculated results in ICM are compared with the experimental results and other theoretical Macro-Microscopic(M-M), RMF(with NL3 and SFU Gold forces parameter) mo...

  4. Split Left GC-Lpp Semigroups

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhen Zhen LI; Xiao Jiang GUO; Zhi Qing FU

    2012-01-01

    A left GC-lpp semigroup S is called split if the natural homomorphism γb of S onto S/γ induced by γ is split.It is proved that a left GC-lpp semigroup is split if and only if it has a left adequate transversal.In particular,a construction theorem for split left GC-lpp semigroups is established.

  5. 7 CFR 51.2002 - Split shell.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Split shell. 51.2002 Section 51.2002 Agriculture... Standards for Grades of Filberts in the Shell 1 Definitions § 51.2002 Split shell. Split shell means a shell... of the shell, measured in the direction of the crack....

  6. Split NMSSM with electroweak baryogenesis

    CERN Document Server

    Demidov, S V; Kirpichnikov, D V

    2016-01-01

    In light of the Higgs boson discovery we reconsider generation of the baryon asymmetry in the non-minimal split Supersymmetry model with an additional singlet superfield in the Higgs sector. We find that successful baryogenesis during the first order electroweak phase transition is possible within phenomenologically viable part of the model parameter space. We discuss several phenomenological consequences of this scenario, namely, predictions for the electric dipole moments of electron and neutron and collider signatures of light charginos and neutralinos.

  7. The Split Variational Inequality Problem

    CERN Document Server

    Censor, Yair; Reich, Simeon

    2010-01-01

    We propose a new variational problem which we call the Split Variational Inequality Problem (SVIP). It entails finding a solution of one Variational Inequality Problem (VIP), the image of which under a given bounded linear transformation is a solution of another VIP. We construct iterative algorithms that solve such problems, under reasonable conditions, in Hilbert space and then discuss special cases, some of which are new even in Euclidean space.

  8. Torsional Split Hopkinson Bar Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    pillow blocks used to mount the incident and transmitter bars are cast iron based- mounted Babbitt -lined bearing split, for 1 in. shaft diameter...Total 1 McMaster-CARR 5911k16 1" Dia, 6" long anodized aluminum shaft $15.38 8 $123.04 2 McMaster-CARR 6359k37 Cast iron base-mounted babbitt

  9. Geometrical Applications of Split Octonions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merab Gogberashvili

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available It is shown that physical signals and space-time intervals modeled on split-octonion geometry naturally exhibit properties from conventional (3 + 1-theory (e.g., number of dimensions, existence of maximal velocities, Heisenberg uncertainty, and particle generations. This paper demonstrates these properties using an explicit representation of the automorphisms on split-octonions, the noncompact form of the exceptional Lie group G2. This group generates specific rotations of (3 + 4-vector parts of split octonions with three extra time-like coordinates and in infinitesimal limit imitates standard Poincare transformations. In this picture translations are represented by noncompact Lorentz-type rotations towards the extra time-like coordinates. It is shown how the G2 algebra’s chirality yields an intrinsic left-right asymmetry of a certain 3-vector (spin, as well as a parity violating effect on light emitted by a moving quantum system. Elementary particles are connected with the special elements of the algebra which nullify octonionic intervals. Then the zero-norm conditions lead to free particle Lagrangians, which allow virtual trajectories also and exhibit the appearance of spatial horizons governing by mass parameters.

  10. Testing split supersymmetry with inflation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, Nathaniel; Green, Daniel

    2014-07-01

    Split supersymmetry (SUSY) — in which SUSY is relevant to our universe but largely inaccessible at current accelerators — has become increasingly plausible given the absence of new physics at the LHC, the success of gauge coupling unification, and the observed Higgs mass. Indirect probes of split SUSY such as electric dipole moments (EDMs) and flavor violation offer hope for further evidence but are ultimately limited in their reach. Inflation offers an alternate window into SUSY through the direct production of superpartners during inflation. These particles are capable of leaving imprints in future cosmological probes of primordial non-gaussianity. Given the recent observations of BICEP2, the scale of inflation is likely high enough to probe the full range of split SUSY scenarios and therefore offers a unique advantage over low energy probes. The key observable for future experiments is equilateral non-gaussianity, which will be probed by both cosmic microwave background (CMB) and large scale structure (LSS) surveys. In the event of a detection, we forecast our ability to find evidence for superpartners through the scaling behavior in the squeezed limit of the bispectrum.

  11. Alternating tip splitting in directional solidification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utter, B; Ragnarsson, R; Bodenschatz, E

    2001-05-14

    We report experimental results on the tip splitting dynamics of seaweed growth in directional solidification of succinonitrile alloys. Despite the random appearance of the growth, a tip splitting morphology was observed in which the tip alternately splits to the left and to the right. The tip splitting frequency f was found to be related to the growth velocity V as a power law f~V1.5. This finding is consistent with the predictions of a tip splitting model that is also presented. Small anisotropies are shown to lead to different kinds of seaweed morphologies.

  12. Producción de H2 basada en GDR y asistida por red débil : Topología, operación y control del sistema

    OpenAIRE

    Camocardi, Pablo A.; Toccateli, Graciela M.; Battaiotto, Pedro Eduardo; Cendoya, Marcelo G.

    2013-01-01

    La Generación Distribuida Renovable (GDR), como producción de energía eléctrica en proximidades de la carga, resulta particularmente beneficiosa cuando la red de distribución es “débil” frente a demandas puntuales, como sucede en los sistemas de producción de hidrógeno conectados a redes de electrificación rural. En este ámbito, el recurso eólico puede ser adecuado para este tipo de generación. En el trabajo se propone la topología y la estrategia de operación y control para una estación de p...

  13. Besser ohne Postmoderne – Kerstin Dietrichs exemplarische Re-Lektüre von vier ‚DDR-Autorinnen‘ Rather Without Postmodernism—Kerstin Dietrich’s Exemplary Re-Reading of Four Women Writers of the GDR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corinna Heipcke

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available Kerstin Dietrich untersucht Werke der vier ‚DDR-Autorinnen‘ Helga Königsdorf, Monika Maron, Anna Langhoff und Katja Lange-Müller. Die Verfasserin ordnet die von ihr ausgewählten Autorinnen zunächst zwei verschiedenen Schriftsteller(innengenerationen (in der DDR zu und ähnlich verfährt sie mit den untersuchten Werken: In den Texten Helga Königsdorfs und Monika Marons beobachtet sie Merkmale einer modernen Ästhetik, in den Texten von Karin Lange-Müller und Anna Langhoff Charakteristika postmoderner Ästhetik. Die Kategorie ‚postmoderne Ästhetik‘ bleibt in Dietrichs Darstellung allerdings unscharf und die exemplarische Neuerschließung von ‚DDR-Literatur‘ für die literaturästhetische Diskussion wäre Dietrich sicherlich auch ohne die Bemühung der Postmoderne-Diskussion gelungen.Dietrich investigates the works of four women authors of the GDR, Helga Königsdorf, Monika Maron, Anna Langhoff and Katja Lange-Müller. She identifies the four writers as belonging to two different generations of women GDR writers and treats their work accordingly. Whereas Dietrich focuses on the signs of a “modern aesthetics” in the works of the older writers, Maron and Königsdorf, she investigates the characteristics of “post-modern aesthetics” in the works of Lange-Müller and Langhoff. However, as Dietrich’s definition of a “post-modern aesthetic” remains rather unspecific and vague, her analysis might have been just as convincing if she had chosen not to include a discussion of the post-modern into her analysis.

  14. CBM split title in Alberta

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Campbell, L.M. [EnCana Corp., Calgary, AB (Canada); Laurin, W.

    2006-07-01

    Coalbed methane (CBM) coal underlies most of central and southern Alberta. This article discussed disputes surrounding CBM ownership and split-titles. Historically, ownership of lands in Alberta implied possession and rights of all under- and overground substances. Surface estates are now typically separated from the subsurface estate, and subsurface estates are further divided either on the basis of substances or stratigraphically to create a split-title. Mineral severances are used to separate respective mineral rights among owners. While there is a relative certainty that under provincial Crown tenure CBM is included in natural gas tenure, there is currently no Canadian jurisprudence in respect of CBM entitlement on split-title private lands. Where compressed natural gas (CNG) and coal are separately held, and CBM ownership is not specifically addressed in the mineral severance, there is no Canadian law respecting CBM ownership. Resolution of ownership issues has proceeded on a case by case basis. Coal owners argue that there is a distinct interrelationship between CBM and its host coal strata. Gas owners argue that the chemical composition of CBM is identical to CNG, and that the recovery method is similar to that of CNG. Courts have historically applied the vernacular test to resolve mineral substance ownership disputes, which considers the meanings of the word coal and coalbed methane as defined by industry. The most recent and relevant application of the vernacular test were the Borys/Anderson, which effectively implemented a gas-oil interface ownership determination, which if applied to a coal grant or reservation, may lead to the conclusion that the coal strata includes CBM. It was concluded that there are 26,000 individual mineral owners in Alberta that may become involved in CBM litigation. and could become parties to litigation. refs., tabs., figs.

  15. Partitions of generalized split graphs

    OpenAIRE

    Shklarsky, Oren

    2012-01-01

    We discuss matrix partition problems for graphs that admit a partition into k independent sets and ` cliques. We show that when k + ` 6 2, any matrix M has finitely many (k; `) minimal obstructions and hence all of these problems are polynomial time solvable. We provide upper bounds for the size of any (k; `) minimal obstruction when k = ` = 1 (split graphs), when k = 2; ` = 0 (bipartite graphs), and when k = 0; ` = 2 (co-bipartite graphs). When k = ` = 1, we construct an exponential size spl...

  16. Generalized Forward-Backward Splitting

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    International audience; This paper introduces a generalized forward-backward splitting algorithm for finding a zero of a sum of maximal monotone operators $B + \\sum_{i=1}^{n} A_i$, where $B$ is cocoercive. It involves the computation of $B$ in an explicit (forward) step and of the parallel computation of the resolvents of the $A_i$'s in a subsequent implicit (backward) step. We prove its convergence in infinite dimension, and robustness to summable errors on the computed operators in the expl...

  17. Rectangular split-ring resonators with single-split and two-splits under different excitations at microwave frequencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Zahertar

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this work, transmission characteristics of rectangular split-ring resonators with single-split and two-splits are analyzed at microwave frequencies. The resonators are coupled with monopole antennas for excitation. The scattering parameters of the devices are investigated under different polarizations of E and H fields. The magnetic resonances induced by E and H fields are identified and the differences in the behavior of the resonators due to orientations of the fields are explained based on simulation and experimental results. The addition of the second split of the device is investigated considering different configurations of the excitation vectors. It is demonstrated that the single-split and the two-splits resonators exhibit identical transmission characteristics for a certain excitation configuration as verified with simulations and experiments. The presented resonators can effectively function as frequency selective media for varying excitation conditions.

  18. Observation of the isospin-violating decay $J/\\psi \\to \\phi\\pi^{0}f_{0}(980)$

    CERN Document Server

    Ablikim, M; Ai, X C; Albayrak, O; Albrecht, M; Ambrose, D J; Amoroso, A; An, F F; An, Q; Bai, J Z; Ferroli, R Baldini; Ban, Y; Bennett, D W; Bennett, J V; Bertani, M; Bettoni, D; Bian, J M; Bianchi, F; Boger, E; Bondarenko, O; Boyko, I; Briere, R A; Cai, H; Cai, X; Cakir, O; Calcaterra, A; Cao, G F; Cetin, S A; Chang, J F; Chelkov, G; Chen, G; Chen, H S; Chen, H Y; Chen, J C; Chen, M L; Chen, S J; Chen, X; Chen, X R; Chen, Y B; Cheng, H P; Chu, X K; Cibinetto, G; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Dai, H L; Dai, J P; Dbeyssi, A; De dovich, D; Deng, Z Y; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; De Mori, F; Ding, Y; Dong, C; Dong, J; Dong, L Y; Dong, M Y; Du, S X; Duan, P F; Fan, J Z; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fang, X; Fang, Y; Fava, L; Feldbauer, F; Felici, G; Feng, C Q; Fioravanti, E; Fritsch, M; Fu, C D; Gao, Q; Gao, X Y; Gao, Y; Gao, Z; Garzia, I; Geng, C; Goetzen, K; Gong, W X; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, M H; Gu, Y T; Guan, Y H; Guo, A Q; Guo, L B; Guo, Y; Guo, Y P; Haddadi, Z; ner, A Haf; Han, S; Han, Y L; Hao, X Q; Harris, F A; He, K L; He, Z Y; Held, T; Heng, Y K; Hou, Z L; Hu, C; Hu, H M; Hu, J F; Hu, T; Hu, Y; Huang, G M; Huang, G S; Huang, H P; Huang, J S; Huang, X T; Huang, Y; Hussain, T; Ji, Q; Ji, Q P; Ji, X B; Ji, X L; Jiang, L L; Jiang, L W; Jiang, X S; Jiao, J B; Jiao, Z; Jin, D P; Jin, S; ansson, T Joh; Julin, A; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kang, X L; Kang, X S; Kavatsyuk, M; Ke, B C; Kliemt, R; Kloss, B; Kolcu, O B; Kopf, B; Kornicer, M; Kuehn, W; Kupsc, A; Lange, J S; Lara, M; Larin, P; Leng, C; Li, C H; Li, Cheng; Li, D M; Li, F; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J C; Li, Jin; Li, K; Li, Lei; Li, P R; Li, T; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X M; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Liang, Y F; Liang, Y T; Liao, G R; Lin, D X; Liu, B J; iu, C X L; Liu, F H; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H B; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, J; Liu, J P; Liu, J Y; Liu, K; Liu, K Y; Liu, L D; Liu, P L; Liu, Q; Liu, S B; Liu, X; Liu, X X; Liu, Y B; Liu, Z A; Liu, Zhiqiang; u, Zhiqing Li; Loehner, H; Lou, X C; Lu, H J; Lu, J G; Lu, R Q; Lu, Y; Lu, Y P; Luo, C L; Luo, M X; Luo, T; Luo, X L; Lv, M; Lyu, X R; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, L L; Ma, Q M; Ma, T; Ma, X N; Ma, X Y; Maas, F E; Maggiora, M; ik, Q A Mal; Mao, Y J; Mao, Z P; Marcello, S; Messchendorp, J G; Min, J; Min, T J; Mitchell, R E; Mo, X H; Mo, Y J; Morales, C Morales; Moriya, K; Muchnoi, N Yu; Muramatsu, H; Nefedov, Y; Nerling, F; Nikolaev, I B; Ning, Z; Nisar, S; Niu, S L; Niu, X Y; Olsen, S L; Ouyang, Q; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Pelizaeus, M; Peng, H P; Peters, K; son, J Petters; Ping, J L; Ping, R G; Poling, R; Prasad, V; Pu, Y N; Qi, M; Qian, S; Qiao, C F; Qin, L Q; Qin, N; Qin, X S; Qin, Y; Qin, Z H; Qiu, J F; Rashid, K H; Redmer, C F; Ren, H L; Ripka, M; Rong, G; Rosner, Ch; Ruan, X D; Santoro, V; Sarantsev, A; Savrié, M; Schoenning, K; Schumann, S; Shan, W; Shao, M; Shen, C P; Shen, P X; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Song, W M; Song, X Y; Sosio, S; Spataro, S; Sun, G X; Sun, J F; Sun, S S; Sun, Y J; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Sun, Z T; Tang, C J; Tang, X; Tapan, I; Thorndike, E H; Tiemens, M; Toth, D; Ullrich, M; Uman, I; arner, G S V; Wang, B; Wang, B L; Wang, D; Wang, D Y; Wang, K; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, S G; Wang, W; Wang, X F; Wang, Y D; Wang, Y F; Wang, Y Q; Wang, Z; Wang, Z G; Wang, Z H; Wang, Z Y; r, T Webe; Wei, D H; Wei, J B; Weidenkaff, P; Wen, S P; Wiedner, U; Wolke, M; Wu, L H; Wu, Z; Xia, L G; Xia, Y; Xiao, D; Xiao, Z J; Xie, Y G; Xiu, Q L; Xu, G F; Xu, L; Xu, Q J; Xu, Q N; Xu, X P; Yan, L; Yan, W B; Yan, W C; Yan, Y H; Yang, H X; Yang, L; Yang, Y; Yang, Y X; Ye, H; Ye, M; Ye, M H; Yin, J H; Yu, B X; Yu, C X; Yu, H W; Yu, J S; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, W L; Yuan, Y; Yuncu, A; Zafar, A A; Zallo, A; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H H; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J J; Zhang, J L; Zhang, J Q; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, J Z; Zhang, K; Zhang, L; Zhang, S H; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y T; Zhang, Z H; Zhang, Z P; Zhang, Z Y; Zhao, G; Zhao, J W; Zhao, J Y; Zhao, J Z; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M G; Zhao, Q; Zhao, Q W; Zhao, S J; Zhao, T C; Zhao, Y B; Zhao, Z G; Zhemchugov, A; Zheng, B; Zheng, J P; Zheng, W J; Zheng, Y H; Zhong, B; Zhou, L; Zhou, Li; Zhou, X; Zhou, X K; Zhou, X R; Zhou, X Y; Zhu, K; Zhu, K J; Zhu, S; Zhu, X L; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuang, J; Zotti, L; Zou, B S; Zou, J H

    2015-01-01

    Using a sample of 1.31 billion $J/\\psi$ events collected with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII collider, the decays $J/\\psi \\to \\phi \\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}\\pi^{0}$ and $J/\\psi \\to \\phi \\pi^{0}\\pi^{0}\\pi^{0}$ are investigated. The isospin violating decay $J/\\psi \\to \\phi \\pi^{0} f_{0}(980)$ with $f_{0}(980) \\to \\pi\\pi$, is observed for the first time. The width of the $f_{0}(980)$ obtained from the dipion mass spectrum is found to be much smaller than the world average value. In the $\\pi^{0} f_{0}(980)$ mass spectrum, there is evidence of $f_1(1285)$ production. By studying the decay $J/\\psi \\to \\phi\\eta'$, the branching fractions of $\\eta' \\to \\pi^{+}\\pi^{-}\\pi^{0}$ and $\\eta' \\to \\pi^{0}\\pi^{0}\\pi^{0}$, as well as their ratio, are also measured.

  19. Searches for isospin-violating transitions $\\chi_{c0,2} \\rightarrow \\pi^{0} \\eta_{c}$

    CERN Document Server

    Ablikim, M; Ai, X C; Albayrak, O; Albrecht, M; Ambrose, D J; Amoroso, A; An, F F; An, Q; Bai, J Z; Ferroli, R Baldini; Ban, Y; Bennett, D W; Bennett, J V; Bertani, M; Bettoni, D; Bian, J M; Bianchi, F; Boger, E; Bondarenko, O; Boyko, I; Briere, R A; Cai, H; Cai, X; Cakir, O; Calcaterra, A; Cao, G F; Cetin, S A; Chang, J F; Chelkov, G; Chen, G; Chen, H S; Chen, H Y; Chen, J C; Chen, M L; Chen, S J; Chen, X; Chen, X R; Chen, Y B; Cheng, H P; Chu, X K; Cibinetto, G; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Dai, H L; Dai, J P; Dbeyssi, A; Dedovich, D; Deng, Z Y; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; De Mori, F; Ding, Y; Dong, C; Dong, J; Dong, L Y; Dong, M Y; Du, S X; Duan, P F; Fan, J Z; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fang, X; Fang, Y; Fava, L; Feldbauer, F; Felici, G; Feng, C Q; Fioravanti, E; Fritsch, M; Fu, C D; Gao, Q; Gao, Y; Gao, Z; Garzia, I; Geng, C; Goetzen, K; Gong, W X; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, M H; Gu, Y T; Guan, Y H; Guo, A Q; Guo, L B; Guo, Y; Guo, Y P; Haddadi, Z; Hafner, A; Han, S; Han, Y L; Hao, X Q; Harris, F A; He, K L; He, Z Y; Held, T; Heng, Y K; Hou, Z L; Hu, C; Hu, H M; Hu, J F; Hu, T; Hu, Y; Huang, G M; Huang, G S; Huang, H P; Huang, J S; Huang, X T; Huang, Y; Hussain, T; Ji, Q; Ji, Q P; Ji, X B; Ji, X L; Jiang, L L; Jiang, L W; Jiang, X S; Jiao, J B; Jiao, Z; Jin, D P; Jin, S; Johansson, T; Julin, A; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kang, X L; Kang, X S; Kavatsyuk, M; Ke, B C; Kliemt, R; Kloss, B; Kolcu, O B; Kopf, B; Kornicer, M; Kuehn, W; Kupsc, A; Lai, W; Lange, J S; Lara, M; Larin, P; Li, C H; Li, Cheng; Li, D M; Li, F; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J C; Li, Jin; Li, K; Li, P R; Li, T; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X M; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Liang, Y F; Liang, Y T; Liao, G R; Lin, D X; Liu, B J; Liu, C X; Liu, F H; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H B; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, J; Liu, J P; Liu, J Y; Liu, K; Liu, K Y; Liu, L D; Liu, P L; Liu, Q; Liu, S B; Liu, X; Liu, X X; Liu, Y B; Liu, Z A; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H; Lou, X C; Lu, H J; Lu, J G; Lu, R Q; Lu, Y; Lu, Y P; Luo, C L; Luo, M X; Luo, T; Luo, X L; Lv, M; Lyu, X R; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, L L; Ma, Q M; Ma, S; Ma, T; Ma, X N; Ma, X Y; Maas, F E; Maggiora, M; Malik, Q A; Mao, Y J; Mao, Z P; Marcello, S; Messchendorp, J G; Min, J; Min, T J; Mitchell, R E; Mo, X H; Mo, Y J; Morales, C Morales; Moriya, K; Muchnoi, N Yu; Muramatsu, H; Nefedov, Y; Nerling, F; Nikolaev, I B; Ning, Z; Nisar, S; Niu, S L; Niu, X Y; Olsen, S L; Ouyang, Q; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Pelizaeus, M; Peng, H P; Peters, K; Ping, J L; Ping, R G; Poling, R; Pu, Y N; Qi, M; Qian, S; Qiao, C F; Qin, L Q; Qin, N; Qin, X S; Qin, Y; Qin, Z H; Qiu, J F; Rashid, K H; Redmer, C F; Ren, H L; Ripka, M; Rong, G; Ruan, X D; Santoro, V; Sarantsev, A; Savrié, M; Schoenning, K; Schumann, S; Shan, W; Shao, M; Shen, C P; Shen, P X; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Shepherd, M R; Song, W M; Song, X Y; Sosio, S; Spataro, S; Sun, G X; Sun, J F; Sun, S S; Sun, Y J; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Sun, Z T; Tang, C J; Tang, X; Tapan, I; Thorndike, E H; Tiemens, M; Toth, D; Ullrich, M; Uman, I; Varner, G S; Wang, B; Wang, B L; Wang, D; Wang, D Y; Wang, K; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, Q J; Wang, S G; Wang, W; Wang, X F; Wang, Y D; Wang, Y F; Wang, Y Q; Wang, Z; Wang, Z G; Wang, Z H; Wang, Z Y; Weber, T; Wei, D H; Wei, J B; Weidenkaff, P; Wen, S P; Wiedner, U; Wolke, M; Wu, L H; Wu, Z; Xia, L G; Xia, Y; Xiao, D; Xiao, Z J; Xie, Y G; Xiu, Q L; Xu, G F; Xu, L; Xu, Q J; Xu, Q N; Xu, X P; Yan, L; Yan, W B; Yan, W C; Yan, Y H; Yang, H X; Yang, L; Yang, Y; Yang, Y X; Ye, H; Ye, M; Ye, M H; Yin, J H; Yu, B X; Yu, C X; Yu, H W; Yu, J S; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, W L; Yuan, Y; Yuncu, A; Zafar, A A; Zallo, A; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H H; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J J; Zhang, J L; Zhang, J Q; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, J Z; Zhang, K; Zhang, L; Zhang, S H; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y T; Zhang, Z H; Zhang, Z P; Zhang, Z Y; Zhao, G; Zhao, J W; Zhao, J Y; Zhao, J Z; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M G; Zhao, Q; Zhao, Q W; Zhao, S J; Zhao, T C; Zhao, Y B; Zhao, Z G; Zhemchugov, A; Zheng, B; Zheng, J P; Zheng, W J; Zheng, Y H; Zhong, B; Zhou, L; Zhou, Li; Zhou, X; Zhou, X K; Zhou, X R; Zhou, X Y; Zhu, K; Zhu, K J; Zhu, S; Zhu, X L; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuang, J; Zou, B S; Zou, J H

    2015-01-01

    We present the first upper-limit measurement of the branching fractions of the isospin-violating transitions $\\chi_{c0,2} \\rightarrow \\pi^{0} \\eta_{c}$. The measurements are performed using $106\\times 10^{6}$ $\\psi(3686)$ events accumulated with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII $e^{+}e^{-}$ collider at a center-of-mass energy corresponding to the $\\psi(3686)$ mass. We obtained upper limits on the branching fractions at a 90\\% confidence level of $B(\\chi_{c0} \\rightarrow \\pi^{0} \\eta_{c}) < 1.6 \\times 10^{-3}$ and $B(\\chi_{c2} \\rightarrow \\pi^{0} \\eta_{c}) < 3.2 \\times 10^{-3}$.

  20. Isospin effects in the exclusive dp → {sup 3}He π{sup +}π{sup -} reaction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mielke, M.; Burmeister, I.; Fritzsch, C.; Goslawski, P.; Khoukaz, A.; Mersmann, T.; Papenbrock, M.; Rausmann, T.; Taeschner, A. [Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Muenster (Germany); Chiladze, D. [Forschungszentrum Juelich, Institut fuer Kernphysik and Juelich Centre for Hadron Physics, Juelich (Germany); Tbilisi State University, High Energy Physics Institute, Tbilisi (Georgia); Dymov, S. [Forschungszentrum Juelich, Institut fuer Kernphysik and Juelich Centre for Hadron Physics, Juelich (Germany); JINR, Laboratory of Nuclear Problems, Dubna (Russian Federation); Gebel, R.; Hartmann, M.; Kacharava, A.; Lorentz, B.; Ohm, H.; Serdyuk, V.; Stroeher, H. [Forschungszentrum Juelich, Institut fuer Kernphysik and Juelich Centre for Hadron Physics, Juelich (Germany); Kulessa, P. [H. Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics PAN, Cracow (Poland); Mikirtychiants, S. [Forschungszentrum Juelich, Institut fuer Kernphysik and Juelich Centre for Hadron Physics, Juelich (Germany); Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, High Energy Physics Department, Gatchina (Russian Federation); Valdau, Yu. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, High Energy Physics Department, Gatchina (Russian Federation); Universitaet Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut fuer Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn (Germany); Wilkin, C. [UCL, Physics and Astronomy Department, London (United Kingdom)

    2014-06-15

    The differential cross section for the exclusive dp → {sup 3}He π{sup +}π{sup -} reaction has been measured with high resolution and large statistics over a large fraction of the backward {sup 3}He hemisphere at the excess energy 265 MeV using the COSY-ANKE magnetic spectrometer. Though the well-known ABC enhancement is observed in the π{sup +}π{sup -} spectrum, the differences detected between the π{sup +3}He and π{sup -3}He invariant-mass distributions show that there must be some isospin-one π π production even at relatively low excess energies. The invariant-mass differences are modeled in terms of the sequential decay N*(1440) → Δ(1232)π → Nππ. (orig.)

  1. Isospin dependence of relative yields of $K^+$ and $K^0$ mesons at 1.528 AGeV

    CERN Document Server

    López, X; Herrmann, N

    2007-01-01

    Results on $K^+$ and $K^0$ meson production in $^{96}_{44}$Ru + $^{96}_{44}$Ru and $^{96}_{40}$Zr + $^{96}_{40}$Zr collisions at a beam kinetic energy of 1.528$A$ GeV, measured with the FOPI detector at GSI-Darmstadt, are investigated as a possible probe of isospin effects in high density nuclear matter. The measured double ratio ($K^+/K^0$)$_{Ru}$/($K^+/K^0$)$_{Zr}$ is compared to the predictions of a thermal model and a Relativistic Mean Field transport model using two different collision scenarios and under different assumptions on the stiffness of the symmetry energy. We find a good agreement with the thermal model prediction and the assumption of a soft symmetry energy for infinite nuclear matter while more realistic transport simulations of the collisions show a similar agreement with the data but also exhibit a reduced sensitivity to the symmetry term.

  2. Isospin and symmetry energy effects on nuclear fragment production in liquid-gas type phase transition region

    CERN Document Server

    Buyukcizmeci, N; Botvina, A S

    2005-01-01

    We have demonstrated that the isospin of nuclei influences the fragment production during the nuclear liquid-gas phase transition. Calculations for Au197, Sn124, La124 and Kr78 at various excitation energies were carried out on the basis of the statistical multifragmentation model (SMM). We analyzed the behavior of the critical exponent tau with the excitation energy and its dependence on the critical temperature. Relative yields of fragments were classified with respect to the mass number of the fragments in the transition region. In this way, we have demonstrated that nuclear multifragmentation exhibits a 'bimodality' behavior. We have also shown that the symmetry energy has a small influence on fragment mass distribution, however, its effect is more pronounced in the isotope distributions of produced fragments.

  3. Isospin and symmetry energy effects on nuclear fragment distributions in liquid-gas type phase transition region

    CERN Document Server

    Buyukcizmeci, N; Botvina, A S

    2004-01-01

    We have demonstrated that the isospin of nuclei influences the fragment distributions during the nuclear liquid-gas phase transition. Calculations for Au197, Sn124, La124 and Kr78 at various excitation energies were carried out on the basis of the statistical multifragmentation model (SMM). We analyzed the behavior of the critical exponent tau with the excitation energy and its dependence on the critical temperature. Relative yields of fragments were classified with respect to the mass number of the fragments in the transition region. In this way, we have demonstrated that nuclear multifragmentation exhibits a 'bimodality' behavior. We have also shown that the symmetry energy has a small influence on fragment mass distribution, however, its effect is more pronounced in the isotope distributions of produced fragments.

  4. Isospin Selectivity in Baryon and Hyperon Spectroscopy by Detecting Neutral Particle Final States with the Crystal Ball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadler, M. E.; Isenhower, L. D.; Spinka, H.; Comfort, J.; Clajus, M.; McDonald, S.; Moriwaki, T.; Nefkens, B. M. K.; Tippens, W. B.; Peterson, J.; Briscoe, W. J.; Papandreou, Z.; Efendiev, A.; Manley, D. M.; Abaev, V.; Bekrenev, V.; Kozlenko, N.; Kruglov, S.; Lopatin, I.; Starostin, A.; Batinic, M.; Marusic, A.; Slaus, I.; Supek, I.; Svarc, A.; Koetke, D.

    1996-05-01

    A comprehensive experimental program has recently been approved at the AGS at Brookhaven National Laboratory to measure absolute differential cross sections for π^- p and K^- p → neutrals in the momentum region 0.4 - 1.9 GeV/c. The SLAC Crystal Ball will be used as a multiphoton spectrometer to identify the various reaction channels by reconstructing the invariant mass of the γ rays produced from the decay of neutral mesons. The motivation for these measurements is to improve our understanding of the spectroscopy of baryons and hyperons. The isospin selectivity (e.g., for the reactions π^- p → η n and K^- p → π^o Λ) in populating certain resonances will be discussed.

  5. $B^+\\to K^-\\pi^+\\pi^+$: three-body final state interactions and $K\\pi$ isospin states

    CERN Document Server

    Nogueira, J H Alvarenga; Lourenço, O

    2016-01-01

    Final state interactions are considered to formulate the $B$ meson decay amplitude for the $K\\pi\\pi$ channel. The Faddeev decomposition of the Bethe-Salpeter equation is used in order to build a relativistic three-body model within the light-front framework. The S-wave scattering amplitude for the $K\\pi$ system is considered in the $1/2$ and $3/2$ isospin channels with the set of inhomogeneous integral equations solved perturbatively. In comparison with previous results for the $D$ meson decay in the same channel, one has to consider the different partonic processes, which build the source amplitudes, and the larger absorption to other decay channels appears, that are important features to be addressed. As in the $D$ decay case, the convergence of the rescattering perturbative series is also achieved with two-loop contributions.

  6. Global calculations on the microscopic energies and nuclear deformations: Isospin dependence of the spin-orbit coupling

    CERN Document Server

    Wu, Zhe-Ying; Wyss, Ramon; Liu, Hong-Liang

    2015-01-01

    The microscopic energies and nuclear deformations of about 1850 even-even nuclei are calculated systematically within the macroscopic-microscopic framework using three Woods-Saxon parameterizations, with different isospin dependences, which were constructed mainly for nuclear spectroscopy calculations. Calculations are performed in the deformation space $(\\beta_2, \\gamma, \\beta_4)$. Both the monopole and doubly stretched quadrupole interactions are considered for the pairing channel. The ground state deformations obtained by the three calculations are quite similar to each other. Large differences are seen mainly in neutron-rich nuclei and in superheavy nuclei. Systematic calculations on the shape-coexisting second minima are also presented. As for the microscopic energies of the ground states, the results are also very close to each other. Only in a few cases the difference is larger than 2 MeV. The total binding energy is estimated by adding the macroscopic energy provided by the usual liquid drop model wit...

  7. Generalized Forward-Backward Splitting

    CERN Document Server

    Raguet, Hugo; Peyré, Gabriel

    2011-01-01

    This paper introduces the generalized forward-backward splitting algorithm for minimizing convex functions of the form $F + \\sum_{i=1}^n G_i$, where $F$ has a Lipschitz-continuous gradient and the $G_i$'s are simple in the sense that their Moreau proximity operators are easy to compute. While the forward-backward algorithm cannot deal with more than $n = 1$ non-smooth function, our method generalizes it to the case of arbitrary $n$. Our method makes an explicit use of the regularity of $F$ in the forward step, and the proximity operators of the $G_i$'s are applied in parallel in the backward step. This allows the generalized forward backward to efficiently address an important class of convex problems. We prove its convergence in infinite dimension, and its robustness to errors on the computation of the proximity operators and of the gradient of $F$. Examples on inverse problems in imaging demonstrate the advantage of the proposed methods in comparison to other splitting algorithms.

  8. THE SPLITTING OF COMET HALLEY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Daohan; Liu Linzhong; Alan Gilmore

    2000-01-01

    In combination with the authors previous obsewation about the splitting of Comet Halley in March 1986, the events involving the sharp, straight feature in the antisolar direction observed in the head of Comet Halley in 1910 (such as those occurring on May 14, 25 and 31, and June 2) are rediscussed The analysis leads to the following scenario: When Comet Halley explodes and splits, a fragment jettisoned or thrown off from the nucleus will, after moving in the direction of its tail, develop into a mini-comet. Although not well developed or permanent, it has its own plasma tail and, sometimes, a dust tail. If Bobrovnikoffs definition of a secondary nucleus is assumed, then the fragment should be considered as a real secondary nucleus. It seems that the current idea of a tailward jet suggested by Sekanina and Larson is a wrong explanation for the plasma tail of a mini-comet and hence the rotation period of 52-53h for Comet Halley is doubtful

  9. The splitting of Comet Halley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈道汉; 刘麟仲; Alan Gilmore

    1995-01-01

    In combination with the authors’ previous observation about the splitting of Comet Halley in March 1986, the events involving the sharp, straight feature in the antisolar direction observed in the bead of Comet Halley in 1910 (such as those occurring on May 14, 25 and 31, and June 2) are rediscussed. The analysis leads to the following scenario: When Comet Halley explodes and splits, a fragment jettisoned or thrown off from the nucleus will, after moving in the direction of its tail, develop into a mini-comet. Although not well developed or permanent, it has its own plasma tail and, sometimes, a dust tail. If Bobrovnikoff’s definition of a secondary nucleus is assumed, then the fragment should be considered as a real secondary nucleus. It seems that the current idea of a tailward jet suggested by Sekanina and Larson is a wrong explanation for the plasma tail of a mini-comet and hence the rotation period of 52- 53 h for Comet Halley is doubtful.

  10. Algebraic techniques for diagonalization of a split quaternion matrix in split quaternionic mechanics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiang, Tongsong, E-mail: jiangtongsong@sina.com [Department of Mathematics, Linyi University, Linyi, Shandong 276005 (China); Department of Mathematics, Heze University, Heze, Shandong 274015 (China); Jiang, Ziwu; Zhang, Zhaozhong [Department of Mathematics, Linyi University, Linyi, Shandong 276005 (China)

    2015-08-15

    In the study of the relation between complexified classical and non-Hermitian quantum mechanics, physicists found that there are links to quaternionic and split quaternionic mechanics, and this leads to the possibility of employing algebraic techniques of split quaternions to tackle some problems in complexified classical and quantum mechanics. This paper, by means of real representation of a split quaternion matrix, studies the problem of diagonalization of a split quaternion matrix and gives algebraic techniques for diagonalization of split quaternion matrices in split quaternionic mechanics.

  11. Telugu Bigram Splitting using Consonant-based and Phrase-based Splitting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Kameswara Rao

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Splitting is a conventional process in most of Indian languages according to their grammar rules. It is called ‘pada vicchEdanam’ (a Sanskrit term for word splitting and is widely used by most of the Indian languages. Splitting plays a key role in Machine Translation (MT particularly when the source language (SL is an Indian language. Though this splitting may not succeed completely in extracting the root words of which the compound is formed, but it shows considerable impact in Natural Language Processing (NLP as an important phase. Though there are many types of splitting, this paper considers only consonant based and phrase based splitting.

  12. Salt splitting with ceramic membranes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurath, D. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1996-10-01

    The purpose of this task is to develop ceramic membrane technologies for salt splitting of radioactively contaminated sodium salt solutions. This technology has the potential to reduce the low-level waste (LLW) disposal volume, the pH and sodium hydroxide content for subsequent processing steps, the sodium content of interstitial liquid in high-level waste (HLW) sludges, and provide sodium hydroxide free of aluminum for recycle within processing plants at the DOE complex. Potential deployment sites include Hanford, Savannah River, and Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The technical approach consists of electrochemical separation of sodium ions from the salt solution using sodium (Na) Super Ion Conductors (NaSICON). As the name implies, sodium ions are transported rapidly through these ceramic crystals even at room temperatures.

  13. Signature splitting in 129Ce

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Ying; WU Xiao-Guang; ZHU Li-Hua; LI Guang-Sheng; HE Chuang-Ye; LI Xue-Qin; PAN Bo; HAO Xin; LI Li-Hua; WANG Zhi-Min; LI Zhong-Yu; XU Qiang

    2009-01-01

    The high spin states of 129Ce have been populated via heavy-ion fusion evaporation reaction 96Mo (37C1, 1p3n) 129Ce. The γ-γ coincidence and intensity balance used to measure the B(M1; I→I-1)/B(E2; I→I-2) (the probability ratio of the dipole and quadrupole transition) in v7/2[523] rotational band of 129Ce. And the energy splitting (Δe') has been got through the experimental Routhians. The lifetimes and quadrupole moments Qt have been extracted from the lineshape analyses using DSAM. The deformation of the v7/2[523] rotational band of 129Ce was extracted from the Qt and moment of inertia JRR.

  14. Method for carbon dioxide splitting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, James E.; Diver, Jr., Richard B.; Siegel, Nathan P.

    2017-02-28

    A method for splitting carbon dioxide via a two-step metal oxide thermochemical cycle by heating a metal oxide compound selected from an iron oxide material of the general formula A.sub.xFe.sub.3-xO.sub.4, where 0.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.1 and A is a metal selected from Mg, Cu, Zn, Ni, Co, and Mn, or a ceria oxide compound of the general formula M.sub.aCe.sub.bO.sub.c, where 0

  15. Salt splitting using ceramic membranes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurath, D.E. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1997-10-01

    Many radioactive aqueous wastes in the DOE complex have high concentrations of sodium that can negatively affect waste treatment and disposal operations. Sodium can decrease the durability of waste forms such as glass and is the primary contributor to large disposal volumes. Waste treatment processes such as cesium ion exchange, sludge washing, and calcination are made less efficient and more expensive because of the high sodium concentrations. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and Ceramatec Inc. (Salt Lake City UT) are developing an electrochemical salt splitting process based on inorganic ceramic sodium (Na), super-ionic conductor (NaSICON) membranes that shows promise for mitigating the impact of sodium. In this process, the waste is added to the anode compartment, and an electrical potential is applied to the cell. This drives sodium ions through the membrane, but the membrane rejects most other cations (e.g., Sr{sup +2}, Cs{sup +}). The charge balance in the anode compartment is maintained by generating H{sup +} from the electrolysis of water. The charge balance in the cathode is maintained by generating OH{sup {minus}}, either from the electrolysis of water or from oxygen and water using an oxygen cathode. The normal gaseous products of the electrolysis of water are oxygen at the anode and hydrogen at the cathode. Potentially flammable gas mixtures can be prevented by providing adequate volumes of a sweep gas, using an alternative reductant or destruction of the hydrogen as it is generated. As H{sup +} is generated in the anode compartment, the pH drops. The process may be operated with either an alkaline (pH>12) or an acidic anolyte (pH <1). The benefits of salt splitting using ceramic membranes are (1) waste volume reduction and reduced chemical procurement costs by recycling of NaOH; and (2) direct reduction of sodium in process streams, which enhances subsequent operations such as cesium ion exchange, calcination, and vitrification.

  16. Standard Model Particles from Split Octonions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gogberashvili M.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We model physical signals using elements of the algebra of split octonions over the field of real numbers. Elementary particles are corresponded to the special elements of the algebra that nullify octonionic norms (zero divisors. It is shown that the standard model particle spectrum naturally follows from the classification of the independent primitive zero divisors of split octonions.

  17. Standard Model Particles from Split Octonions

    CERN Document Server

    Gogberashvili, Merab

    2016-01-01

    We model physical signals using elements of the algebra of split octonions over the field of real numbers. Elementary particles are corresponded to the special elements of the algebra that nullify octonionic norms (zero divisors). It is shown that the standard model particle spectrum naturally follows from the classification of the independent primitive zero divisors of split octonions.

  18. Distinguishing division algebras by finite splitting fields

    CERN Document Server

    Krashen, Daniel

    2010-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the problem of determining the number of division algebras which share the same collection of finite splitting fields. As a corollary we are able to determine when two central division algebras may be distinguished by their finite splitting fields over certain fields.

  19. Transferring Goods or Splitting a Resource Pool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dijkstra, Jacob; Van Assen, Marcel A. L. M.

    2008-01-01

    We investigated the consequences for exchange outcomes of the violation of an assumption underlying most social psychological research on exchange. This assumption is that the negotiated direct exchange of commodities between two actors (pure exchange) can be validly represented as two actors splitting a fixed pool of resources (split pool…

  20. 2-Photon tandem device for water splitting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seger, Brian; Castelli, Ivano Eligio; Vesborg, Peter Christian Kjærgaard;

    2014-01-01

    Within the field Of photocatalytic water splitting there are several strategies to achieve the goal of efficient and cheap photocatalytic water splitting. This work examines one particular strategy by focusing on monolithically stacked, two-photon photoelectrochemical cells. The overall aim of th...

  1. Cheating More when the Spoils Are Split

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiltermuth, Scott S.

    2011-01-01

    Four experiments demonstrated that people are more likely to cheat when the benefits of doing so are split with another person, even an anonymous stranger, than when the actor alone captures all of the benefits. In three of the studies, splitting the benefits of over-reporting one's performance on a task made such over-reporting seem less…

  2. Split scheduling with uniform setup times.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F. Schalekamp; R.A. Sitters (René); S.L. van der Ster; L. Stougie (Leen); V. Verdugo; A. van Zuylen

    2015-01-01

    htmlabstractWe study a scheduling problem in which jobs may be split into parts, where the parts of a split job may be processed simultaneously on more than one machine. Each part of a job requires a setup time, however, on the machine where the job part is processed. During setup, a

  3. Cheating More when the Spoils Are Split

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiltermuth, Scott S.

    2011-01-01

    Four experiments demonstrated that people are more likely to cheat when the benefits of doing so are split with another person, even an anonymous stranger, than when the actor alone captures all of the benefits. In three of the studies, splitting the benefits of over-reporting one's performance on a task made such over-reporting seem less…

  4. Anisotropic Spin Splitting in Step Quantum Wells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAO Ya-Fei; CHEN Yong-Hai; HAO Guo-Dong; WANG Zhan-Guo

    2009-01-01

    By the method of finite difference,the anisotropic spin splitting of the Alx Ga1-x As/GaAs/Aly Ga1-y As/Alx Ga1-x As step quantum wells (QWs) are theoretically investigated considering the interplay of the bulk inversion asymmetry and structure inversion asymmetry induced by step quantum well structure and external electric field.We demonstrate that the anisotropy of the total spin splitting can be controlled by the shape of the QWs and the external electric field.The interface related Rashba effect plays an important effect on the anisotropic spin splitting by influencing the magnitude of the spin splitting and the direction of electron spin.The Rashba spin splitting presents in the step quantum wells due to the interface related Rashba effect even without external electric field or magnetic field.

  5. Crushing or splitting medications: unrecognized hazards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gill, Donna; Spain, Margaret; Edlund, Barbara J

    2012-01-01

    Given the high use and the cost of medications in the current economy, one way older adults may save money on prescription costs is to split some of their medications in half. However, not all oral medications can be split. Splitting inappropriate medications such as extended-release tablets can be harmful and in some instances very dangerous. In addition to splitting medications, older adults who have difficulty swallowing pills may resort to crushing the medication for ease of administration. This option is also problematic and potentially harmful if the medication is not intended to be crushed. Clinicians managing the care of older adults need to discuss medication administration, clarify the dosing schedule, and clearly indicate the route of administration. Patients should be cautioned not to split or crush a medication without checking with the health care provider or pharmacist.

  6. Light splitting with imperfect wave plates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Jarom S; Archibald, James L; Durfee, Dallin S

    2017-02-01

    We discuss the use of wave plates with arbitrary retardances, in conjunction with a linear polarizer, to split linearly polarized light into two linearly polarized beams with an arbitrary splitting fraction. We show that for non-ideal wave plates, a much broader range of splitting ratios is typically possible when a pair of wave plates, rather than a single wave plate, is used. We discuss the maximum range of splitting fractions possible with one or two wave plates as a function of the wave plate retardances, and how to align the wave plates to achieve the maximum splitting range possible when simply rotating one of the wave plates while keeping the other one fixed. We also briefly discuss an alignment-free polarization rotator constructed from a pair of half-wave plates.

  7. Correlations between emission timescale of fragments and isospin dynamics in $^{124}$Sn+$^{64}$Ni and $^{112}$Sn+$^{58}$Ni reactions at 35 AMeV

    CERN Document Server

    De Filippo, E; Russotto, P; Amorini, F; Anzalone, A; Auditore, L; Baran, V; Berceanu, I; Borderie, B; Bougault, R; Bruno, M; Cap, T; Cardella, G; Cavallaro, S; Chatterjee, M B; Chbihi, A; Colonna, M; D'Agostino, M; Dayras, R; Di Toro, M; Frankland, J; Galichet, E; Gawlikowicz, W; Geraci, E; Grzeszczuk, A; Guazzoni, P; Kowalski, S; La Guidara, E; Lanzalone, G; Lanzanò, G; Neindre, N Le; Lombardo, I; Maiolino, C; Papa, M; Piasecki, E; Pirrone, S; Planeta, R; Politi, G; Pop, A; Porto, F; Rivet, M F; Rizzo, F; Rosato, E; Schmidt, K; Siwek-Wilczynska, K; Skwira-Chalot, I; Trifirò, A; Trimarchi, M; Verde, G; Vigilante, M; Wieleczko, J P; Wilczynski, J; Zetta, L; Zipper, W

    2012-01-01

    We present a new experimental method to correlate the isotopic composition of intermediate mass fragments (IMF) emitted at mid-rapidity in semi-peripheral collisions with the emission timescale: IMFs emitted in the early stage of the reaction show larger values of $$ isospin asymmetry, stronger angular anisotropies and reduced odd-even staggering effects in neutron to proton ratio $$ distributions than those produced in sequential statistical emission. All these effects support the concept of isospin "migration", that is sensitive to the density gradient between participant and quasi-spectator nuclear matter, in the so called neck fragmentation mechanism. By comparing the data to a Stochastic Mean Field (SMF) simulation we show that this method gives valuable constraints on the symmetry energy term of nuclear equation of state at subsaturation densities. An indication emerges for a linear density dependence of the symmetry energy.

  8. Relativistic quark-diquark model of baryons with a spin-isospin transition interaction: Non-strange baryon spectrum and nucleon magnetic moments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanctis, M. de [Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota (Colombia); Ferretti, J. [Universita La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Fisica, Roma (Italy); INFN, Roma (Italy); Santopinto, E.; Vassallo, A. [INFN, Sezione di Genova, Genova (Italy)

    2016-05-15

    The relativistic interacting quark-diquark model of baryons, recently developed, is here extended introducing in the mass operator a spin-isospin transition interaction. This refined version of the model is used to calculate the non-strange baryon spectrum. The results are compared to the present experimental data. A preliminary calculation of the magnetic moments of the proton and neutron is also presented. (orig.)

  9. Bad splits in bilateral sagittal split osteotomy: systematic review of fracture patterns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steenen, S A; Becking, A G

    2016-07-01

    An unfavourable and unanticipated pattern of the mandibular sagittal split osteotomy is generally referred to as a 'bad split'. Few restorative techniques to manage the situation have been described. In this article, a classification of reported bad split pattern types is proposed and appropriate salvage procedures to manage the different types of undesired fracture are presented. A systematic review was undertaken, yielding a total of 33 studies published between 1971 and 2015. These reported a total of 458 cases of bad splits among 19,527 sagittal ramus osteotomies in 10,271 patients. The total reported incidence of bad split was 2.3% of sagittal splits. The most frequently encountered were buccal plate fractures of the proximal segment (types 1A-F) and lingual fractures of the distal segment (types 2A and 2B). Coronoid fractures (type 3) and condylar neck fractures (type 4) have seldom been reported. The various types of bad split may require different salvage approaches.

  10. Global analysis of isospin dependent microscopic nucleon-nucleus optical potentials in a Dirac-Brueckner-Hartree-Fock approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Ruirui; Ma, Zhongyu; Zhang, Yue; Tian, Yuan; van Dalen, E. N. E.; Müther, H.

    2016-09-01

    Background: For the study of exotic nuclei it is important to have an optical model potential that is reliable not only for stable nuclei but can also be extrapolated to nuclear systems with exotic numbers of protons and neutrons. An efficient way to obtain such a potential is to develop a microscopic optical potential (MOP) based on a fundamental theory with a minimal number of free parameters, which are adjusted to describe stable nuclei all over the nuclide chart. Purpose: The choice adopted in the present work is to develop the MOP within a relativistic scheme which provides a natural and consistent relation between the spin-orbit part and the central part of the potential. The Dirac-Brueckner-Hartree-Fock (DBHF) approach provides such a microscopic relativistic scheme, which is based on a realistic nucleon-nucleon interaction and reproduces the saturation properties of symmetric nuclear matter without any adjustable parameter. Its solution using the projection technique within the subtracted T -matrix representation provides a reliable extension to asymmetric nuclear matter, which is important to describe the features of isospin asymmetric nuclei. The present work performs a global analysis of the isospin dependent nucleon-nucleus MOP based on the DBHF calculation in symmetric and asymmetric nuclear matter. Methods: The DBHF approach is used to evaluate the relativistic structure of the nucleon self-energies in nuclear matter at various densities and asymmetries. The Schrödinger equivalent potentials of finite nuclei are derived from these Dirac components by a local density approximation (LDA). The density distributions of finite nuclei are taken from the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach with Gogny D1S force. An improved LDA approach (ILDA) is employed to get a better prediction of the scattering observables. A χ2 assessment system based on the global simulated annealing algorithm is developed to optimize the very few free components in this study. Results

  11. Probing the medium effect and isospin dependence of the in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross section in heavy ion collisions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jian-Ye; Guo Wen-Jun; Xing Yong-Zhong

    2007-01-01

    Probing in-medium nucleon-nucleon (NN) cross section σ(1N)N(α) in heavy ion collisions has been investigated by means of the isospin-depeadent quantum molecular dynamics (IQMD) with the isospin-and momentum-dependent interaction (IMDI(τ)). It is found that there are the very obvious medium effect and the sensitive isospin-dependence of nuclear stopping R on the in-medium NN cross section σ(1N)N(α) in the nuclear reactions induced by halo-neutron projectile and the same-mass stable projectile. However, R induced by the neutron-halo projectile is obviously lower than that induced by the corresponding stable projectile. In particular, there is a very obvious dependence of R on the medium effect of σ(1N)N(α) in the whole beam energy region for the above two kinds of projectiles. Therefore, the comparison between the results of R's in the reactions induced by the neutron-halo projectile and the corresponding same-mass stable projectile is a more favourable probe for extracting the information of σ(1N)N(α) because of adding a new judgement.

  12. Segmented holographic spectrum splitting concentrator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayala, Silvana P.; Vorndran, Shelby; Wu, Yuechen; Chrysler, Benjamin; Kostuk, Raymond K.

    2016-09-01

    This paper presents a segmented parabolic concentrator employing holographic spectral filters that provide focusing and spectral bandwidth separation capability to the system. Strips of low band gap silicon photovoltaic (PV) cells are formed into a parabolic surface as shown by Holman et. al. [1]. The surface of the PV segments is covered with holographic elements formed in dichromated gelatin. The holographic elements are designed to transmit longer wavelengths to silicon cells, and to reflect short wavelength light towards a secondary collector where high-bandgap PV cells are mounted. The system can be optimized for different combinations of diffuse and direct solar illumination conditions for particular geographical locations by controlling the concentration ratio and filtering properties of the holographic elements. In addition, the reflectivity of the back contact of the silicon cells is used to increase the optical path length and light trapping. This potentially allows the use of thin film silicon for the low bandgap PV cell material. The optical design combines the focusing properties of the parabolic concentrator and the holographic element to control the concentration ratio and uniformity of the spectral distribution at the high bandgap cell location. The presentation concludes with a comparison of different spectrum splitting holographic filter materials for this application.

  13. Innovative solar thermochemical water splitting.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hogan, Roy E. Jr.; Siegel, Nathan P.; Evans, Lindsey R.; Moss, Timothy A.; Stuecker, John Nicholas (Robocasting Enterprises, Albuquerque, NM); Diver, Richard B., Jr.; Miller, James Edward; Allendorf, Mark D. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); James, Darryl L. (Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX)

    2008-02-01

    Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) is evaluating the potential of an innovative approach for splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen using two-step thermochemical cycles. Thermochemical cycles are heat engines that utilize high-temperature heat to produce chemical work. Like their mechanical work-producing counterparts, their efficiency depends on operating temperature and on the irreversibility of their internal processes. With this in mind, we have invented innovative design concepts for two-step solar-driven thermochemical heat engines based on iron oxide and iron oxide mixed with other metal oxides (ferrites). The design concepts utilize two sets of moving beds of ferrite reactant material in close proximity and moving in opposite directions to overcome a major impediment to achieving high efficiency--thermal recuperation between solids in efficient counter-current arrangements. They also provide inherent separation of the product hydrogen and oxygen and are an excellent match with high-concentration solar flux. However, they also impose unique requirements on the ferrite reactants and materials of construction as well as an understanding of the chemical and cycle thermodynamics. In this report the Counter-Rotating-Ring Receiver/Reactor/Recuperator (CR5) solar thermochemical heat engine and its basic operating principals are described. Preliminary thermal efficiency estimates are presented and discussed. Our ferrite reactant material development activities, thermodynamic studies, test results, and prototype hardware development are also presented.

  14. [Intermixture of politics and science in the GDR. The investigation of deaths at the Department of Neurology and Psychiatry at Leipzig University under Müller-Hegemann in 1963].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, H; Weber, M M

    2011-10-01

    This study presents archival sources that shed light on a topic still being discussed by psychiatrists in East Germany: the death of two patients at the Leipzig Department that occurred in 1960 and 1962 under the directorship of Dietfried Müller-Hegemann. These fatalities were supposed to have been induced by obsolete psychotropic drugs and were associated with Ivan Pavlov's hypnotherapy. The incidents were investigated both by highest administrative bodies and the General State Prosecutor of the former GDR. Archival sources suggest that lower party organs and the ministerial administration tried to make use of the proceedings to bring about the downfall of the head of the Leipzig Department, who had become ideologically suspicious. However, the official General State Prosecutor's investigation ascertained that both Müller-Hegemann and Christa Kohler, head of the psychotherapeutic ward, were not to be held responsible. Although the SED Central Committee at first tried to influence the outcome on the basis of ideological reservations made by the university party organisation, it finally accepted and confirmed the judgment of the General State Prosecutor. Hence, in this case, the highest party bodies followed arguments that were the result of an independent investigation and were not influenced by an individual bias or ideological motives.

  15. Semi-strong split domination in graphs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwar Alwardi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Given a graph $G = (V,E$, a dominating set $D subseteq V$ is called a semi-strong split dominating set of $G$ if $|V setminus D| geq 1$ and the maximum degree of the subgraph induced by $V setminus D$ is 1. The minimum cardinality of a semi-strong split dominating set (SSSDS of G is the semi-strong split domination number of G, denoted $gamma_{sss}(G$. In this work, we introduce the concept and prove several results regarding it.

  16. Rotations in the Space of Split Octonions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Merab Gogberashvili

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The geometrical application of split octonions is considered. The new representation of products of the basis units of split octonionic having David's star shape (instead of the Fano triangle is presented. It is shown that active and passive transformations of coordinates in octonionic “eight-space” are not equivalent. The group of passive transformations that leave invariant the pseudonorm of split octonions is SO(4,4, while active rotations are done by the direct product of O(3,4-boosts and real noncompact form of the exceptional group G2. In classical limit, these transformations reduce to the standard Lorentz group.

  17. Communication: Tunnelling splitting in the phosphine molecule

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa-Silva, Clara; Tennyson, Jonathan; Yurchenko, Sergey N.

    2016-09-01

    Splitting due to tunnelling via the potential energy barrier has played a significant role in the study of molecular spectra since the early days of spectroscopy. The observation of the ammonia doublet led to attempts to find a phosphine analogous, but these have so far failed due to its considerably higher barrier. Full dimensional, variational nuclear motion calculations are used to predict splittings as a function of excitation energy. Simulated spectra suggest that such splittings should be observable in the near infrared via overtones of the ν2 bending mode starting with 4ν2.

  18. Level of copper in human split ejaculate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skandhan, Kalanghot; Valsa, James; Sumangala, Balakrishnan; Jaya, Vasudevan

    2017-02-03

    The purpose of this study was to understand the details of splits of an ejaculate and to locate the origin of release of copper into semen. Laboratory methods routinely followed for semen analysis were carried out. Copper was estimated by employing atomic absorption spectrophotometry. First split of ejaculate showed the highest number of motile sperm, the quality of which decreased from first to third. Copper level in splits 1, 2 and 3 was 29, 23 and 22 µg%, respectively. This study concluded that copper was released from throughout the genital tract.

  19. Splitting Functions at High Transverse Momentum

    CERN Document Server

    Moutafis, Rhea Penelope; CERN. Geneva. TH Department

    2017-01-01

    Among the production channels of the Higgs boson one contribution could become significant at high transverse momentum which is the radiation of a Higgs boson from another particle. This note focuses on the calculation of splitting functions and cross sections of such processes. The calculation is first carried out on the example $e\\rightarrow e\\gamma$ to illustrate the way splitting functions are calculated. Then the splitting function of $e\\rightarrow eh$ is calculated in similar fashion. This procedure can easily be generalized to processes such as $q\\rightarrow qh$ or $g\\rightarrow gh$.

  20. 2S Hyperfine splitting of muonic hydrogen

    CERN Document Server

    Martynenko, A P

    2004-01-01

    Corrections of orders alpha^5, alpha^6 are calculated in the hyperfine splitting of the 2S state in the muonic hydrogen. The nuclear structure effects are taken into account in the one- and two-loop Feynman amplitudes by means of the proton electromagnetic form factors. Total numerical value of the 2S state hyperfine splitting 22.8148 meV in the (\\mu p) can be considered as reliable estimation for the corresponding experiment with the accuracy 10^{-5}. The value of the Sternheim's hyperfine splitting interval [8\\Delta E^{HFS}(2S)-\\Delta E^{HFS}(1S)] is obtained with the accuracy 10^{-6}.

  1. Tunnelling splitting in the phosphine molecule

    CERN Document Server

    Sousa-Silva, Clara; Yurchenko, Sergey N

    2016-01-01

    Splitting due to tunnelling via the potential energy barrier has played a significant role in the study of molecular spectra since the early days of spectroscopy. The observation of the ammonia doublet led to attempts to find a phosphine analogous, but these have so far failed due to its considerably higher barrier. Full dimensional, variational nuclear motion calculations are used to predict splittings as a function of excitation energy. Simulated spectra suggest that such splittings should be observable in the near infrared via overtones of the $\

  2. Strong-Isospin Violation in the Neutron-Proton Mass Difference from Fully-Dynamical Lattice QCD and PQQCD

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silas Beane; Konstantinos Orginos; Martin Savage

    2007-04-01

    We determine the strong-isospin violating component of the neutron-proton mass difference from fully-dynamical lattice QCD and partially-quenched QCD calculations of the nucleon mass, constrained by partially-quenched chiral perturbation theory at one-loop level. The lattice calculations were performed with domain-wall valence quarks on MILC lattices with rooted staggered sea-quarks at a lattice spacing of b = 0.125 fm, lattice spatial size of L = 2.5 fm and pion masses ranging from m{sub {pi}} {approx} 290 MeV to {approx} 350 MeV. At the physical value of the pion mass, we predict M{sub n}-M{sub p}|{sup d-u} = 2.26 {+-} 0.57 {+-} 0.42 {+-} 0.10 MeV where the first error is statistical, the second error is due to the uncertainty in the ratio of light-quark masses, {eta} = m{sub u}/m{sub d}, determined by MILC, and the third error is an estimate of the systematic due to chiral extrapolation.

  3. Branching fraction measurement of B0 --> D(*)- pi+, B- --> D(*)0 pi- and isospin analysis of B --> D(*) pi decays

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, B; Bóna, M; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Gill, M S; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Sherwood, D J; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Best, D S; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dvoretskii, A; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Latour, E; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Chauveau, J; Briand, H; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; Hartfiel, B L; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Gladney, L; Panetta, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Wagoner, D E; Biesiada, J; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De, N; Groot; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Aleksan, R; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Martínez-Vidal, F; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R V; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Pappagallo, M; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Mellado, B; Mihályi, A; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H; al, et

    2007-01-01

    Using 65 million $\\Upsilon(4S)\\to B\\bar{B}$ events collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II $e^{+}e^{-}$ storage ring at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, we measure the color-favored branching fractions ${\\cal B}(\\bar{B^{0}} \\to D^{+} \\pi^{-}) = (2.63 \\pm 0.05 \\pm 0.22)\\times 10^{-3}$, ${\\cal B}(\\bar{B^{0}} \\to D^{*+} \\pi^{-}) = (2.79 \\pm 0.08 \\pm 0.18)\\times 10^{-3}$, ${\\cal B}(B^{-} \\to D^{0} \\pi^{-}) = (4.90 \\pm 0.07 \\pm 0.23)\\times 10^{-3}$ and ${\\cal B}(B^{-} \\to D^{*0} \\pi^{-}) = (5.52 \\pm 0.17 \\pm 0.43)\\times 10^{-3}$, where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic. With these results and the current world average for the branching fraction for the color-suppressed decay $\\bar{B^{0}} \\to D^{(*)0}\\pi^{0}$, the cosines of the strong phase difference $\\delta$ between the $I=1/2$ and $I=3/2$ isospin amplitudes are determined to be $ \\cos \\delta = 0.860^{+0.007+0.029}_{-0.006-0.028}$ for the $\\bar{B} \\to D\\pi$ process and $ \\cos \\delta = 0.917^{+0.018+0.059}_{-0.016-0.051}$ ...

  4. Two-Pion Production, γγ Line and Aspects of σ Meson, Bose-Einstein Correlations and Isospin Breaking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clement, H.; Bashkanov, M.; Doroshkevich, E.; Kaskulov, M.; Khakimova, O.; Kren, F.; Meier, R.; Skorodko, T.; Wagner, G. J.; Bogoslawsky, D.; Ivanov, G.; Jiganov, E.; Kuznetsov, A.; Morosow, B.; Petukhov, Y.; Povtorejko, A.; Tikhomirov, V.; Calén, H.; Ekström, C.; Fransson, K.; Kupść, A.; Marciniewski, P.; Ruber, R. J. M. Y.; Cappellano, F.; Gustafsson, L.; Höistad, B.; Jacewicz, M.; Johansson, T.; Keleta, S.; Koch, I.; Kullander, S.; Engblom, P. Thörngren; Wiedner, U.; Wolke, M.; Zlomanczuk, J.; Demiroers, L.; Greiff, J.; Pauly, C.; Scobel, W.; Oelert, W.; Shwartz, B.; Sopov, V.; Tchernyshev, V.; Stepaniak, J.; Zabierowski, J.; Turowiecki, A.; Yamamoto, A.

    The pp→ppx(x=γγ, π0π0, π+π-) reactions have been measured at CELSIUS in the energy range Tp=775-1360 MeV using the WASA 4π detector with hydrogen pellet target. Close to threshold the ppπ+π- data are in accordance with the Roper resonance concept and/or a dynamic formation of the σ meson. At higher energies the formation of the ΔΔ system becomes increasingly dominant. The ppπ0π0 channel basically shows similar features, however, develops a peculiar enhancement at small invariant masses Mπ0π0 - in resemblance of Bose-Einstein correlations. Alternatively, the enhancement could be also indicative of a (dynamic) isospin breaking due to ππ rescattering in the σ channel. The latter is favored by the results on pd→3He x (x=π0π0, π+π-), where the observed π0π0 enhancements are still much larger. In the γγ channel a line at Mγγ=2mπ is observed. The possible nature of this line is discussed.

  5. Near-threshold search for the isospin-forbidden d+darrow^4He+π^0 reaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephenson, E. J.; Allgower, C.; Bacher, A. D.; Doskow, J.; Lavelle, C.; Nann, H.; Olmsted, J.; Rinckel, T.; Pickar, M. A.; Pancella, P. V.; Smith, A.; Spinka, H. M.; Rapaport, J.

    2002-10-01

    We will discuss our search at 228.5 MeV for the isospin-forbidden ddarrow^4Heπ^0 reaction, which constrains charge symmetry breaking contributions from the down-up quark mass difference and electromagnetic effects. The forward-going ^4He nuclei, which lie inside a θ_lab=1.2^rc cone, are separated from the deuteron beam in a 6^rc bending magnet and captured and identified in a magnetic channel. Separation of ^4Heπ^0 events depends on a reconstruction of the pion missing mass from channel position and time of flight in order to distinquish them from double radiative capture ^4Heγγ events. Two detector systems observe d+d elastic scattering at θ_c.m.=9.1^rc and 90^rc as a monitor of the luminosity ( ˜ 2× 10^31 /cm^2/s) given by the circulating IUCF Cooler beam and a cold D2 jet target. The d+d cross sections are scaled from p+d elastic cross sections by observing both during a run with a molecular HD target. Following two d+d commissioning runs, production began in early June 2002 and is planned to continue in July.

  6. First observation of the isospin violating decay $J/\\psi\\rightarrow \\Lambda\\bar{\\Sigma}^{0}+c.c.$

    CERN Document Server

    Ablikim, M; Ambrose, D J; An, F F; An, Q; An, Z H; Bai, J Z; Ban, Y; Becker, J; Berger, N; Bertani, M; Bian, J M; Boger, E; Bondarenko, O; Boyko, I; Briere, R A; Bytev, V; Cai, X; Cakir, O; Calcaterra, A; Cao, G F; Cetin, S A; Chang, J F; Chelkov, G; Chen, G; Chen, H S; Chen, J C; Chen, M L; Chen, S J; Chen, Y; Chen, Y B; Cheng, H P; Chu, Y P; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Dai, H L; Dai, J P; Dedovich, D; Deng, Z Y; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; Ding, W M; Ding, Y; Dong, L Y; Dong, M Y; Du, S X; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fava, L; Feldbauer, F; Feng, C Q; Ferroli, R B; Fu, C D; Fu, J L; Gao, Y; Geng, C; Goetzen, K; Gong, W X; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, M H; Gu, Y T; Guan, Y H; Guo, A Q; Guo, L B; Guo, Y P; Han, Y L; Hao, X Q; Harris, F A; He, K L; He, M; He, Z Y; Held, T; Heng, Y K; Hou, Z L; Hu, H M; Hu, J F; Hu, T; Huang, B; Huang, G M; Huang, J S; Huang, X T; Huang, Y P; Hussain, T; Ji, C S; Ji, Q; Ji, X B; Ji, X L; Jia, L K; Jiang, L L; Jiang, X S; Jiao, J B; Jiao, Z; Jin, D P; Jin, S; Jing, F F; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kavatsyuk, M; Kuehn, W; Lai, W; Lange, J S; Li, C H; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D M; Li, F; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J C; Li, K; Li, Lei; Li, N B; Li, Q J; Li, S L; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, X R; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Liang, Y F; Liang, Y T; Liao, G R; Liao, X T; Liu, B J; Liu, C L; Liu, C X; Liu, C Y; Liu, F H; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H; Liu, H B; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, H W; Liu, J P; Liu, K Y; Liu, Kai; Liu, Kun; Liu, P L; Liu, S B; Liu, X; Liu, X H; Liu, Y; Liu, Y B; Liu, Z A; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H; Lu, G R; Lu, H J; Lu, J G; Lu, Q W; Lu, X R; Lu, Y P; Luo, C L; Luo, M X; Luo, T; Luo, X L; Lv, M; Ma, C L; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, Q M; Ma, S; Ma, T; Ma, X Y; Ma, Y; Maas, F E; Maggiora, M; Malik, Q A; Mao, H; Mao, Y J; Mao, Z P; Messchendorp, J G; Min, J; Min, T J; Mitchell, R E; Mo, X H; Morales, C Morales; Motzko, C; Muchnoi, N Yu; Muramatsu, H; Nefedov, Y; Nicholson, C; Nikolaev, I B; Ning, Z; Olsen, S L; Ouyang, Q; Pacetti, S; Park, J W; Pelizaeus, M; Peng, H P; Peters, K; Ping, J L; Ping, R G; Poling, R; Prencipe, E; Qi, M; Qian, S; Qiao, C F; Qin, X S; Qin, Y; Qin, Z H; Qiu, J F; Rashid, K H; Rong, G; Ruan, X D; Sarantsev, A; Schaefer, B D; Schulze, J; Shao, M; Shen, C P; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Shepherd, M R; Song, X Y; Spataro, S; Spruck, B; Sun, D H; Sun, G X; Sun, J F; Sun, S S; Sun, X D; Sun, Y J; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Sun, Z T; Tang, C J; Tang, X; Tapan, X F Tang I; Thorndike, E H; Tian, H L; Toth, D; Ullrich, M; Varner, G S; Wang, B; Wang, B Q; Wang, K; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, Q; Wang, Q J; Wang, S G; Wang, X L; Wang, Y D; Wang, Y F; Wang, Y Q; Wang, Z; Wang, Z G; Wang, Z Y; Wei, D H; Weidenkaff, P; Wen, Q G; Wen, S P; Werner, M; Wiedner, U; Wu, L H; Wu, N; Wu, S X; Wu, W; Wu, Z; Xia, L G; Xiao, Z J; Xie, Y G; Xiu, Q L; Xu, G F; Xu, G M; Xu, H; Xu, Q J; Xu, X P; Xu, Z R; Xue, F; Xue, Z; Yan, L; Yan, W B; Yan, Y H; Yang, H X; Yang, Y; Yang, Y X; Ye, H; Ye, M; Ye, M H; Yu, B X; Yu, C X; Yu, J S; Yu, S P; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, W L; Yuan, Y; Zafar, A A; Zallo, A; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H H; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J; Zhang, J Q; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, J Z; Zhang, S H; Zhang, T R; Zhang, X J; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Y S; Zhang, Z P; Zhang, Z Y; Zhao, G; Zhao, H S; Zhao, J W; Zhao, K X; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M G; Zhao, Q; Zhao, S J; Zhao, T C; Zhao, X H; Zhao, Y B; Zhao, Z G; Zhemchugov, A; Zheng, B; Zheng, J P; Zheng, Y H; Zheng, Z P; Zhong, B; Zhong, J; Zhou, L; Zhou, X K; Zhou, X R; Zhu, C; Zhu, K; Zhu, K J; Zhu, S H; Zhu, X L; Zhu, X W; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y M; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuang, J; Zou, B S; Zou, J H; Zuo, J X

    2012-01-01

    Using a sample of $(225.2\\pm 2.8)\\times 10^6$ $J/\\psi$ events collected with the BESIII detector, we present results of a study of $J/\\psi\\rightarrow \\gamma\\Lambda\\bar{\\Lambda}$ and report the first observation of the isospin violating decay $J/\\psi\\rightarrow\\Lambda\\bar{\\Sigma}^{0}+c.c.$, in which $\\bar{\\Sigma}^{0}$ decays to $\\gamma \\bar{\\Lambda}$. The measured branching fractions are $\\mathcal{B}(J/\\psi\\rightarrow\\bar{\\Lambda}\\Sigma^{0}$) = $(1.46\\pm0.11\\pm0.12) \\times10^{-5}$ and $\\mathcal{B}(J/\\psi\\rightarrow\\Lambda\\bar{\\Sigma^{0}}$) = $(1.37\\pm0.12\\pm0.11) \\times10^{-5}$. We search for $\\Lambda(1520) \\rightarrow \\gamma \\Lambda$ decay, and find no evident signal, and an upper limit for the product branching fraction $\\mathcal{B}(J/\\psi\\rightarrow\\Lambda\\bar{\\Lambda}(1520)+c.c.)\\times \\mathcal{B}(\\Lambda(1520)\\rightarrow\\gamma\\Lambda)<4.1 \\times10^{-6}$ is set at the 90% confidence level. We also report the observation of $\\eta_{c}\\rightarrow\\Lambda\\bar{\\Lambda}$ in $J/\\psi \\rightarrow \\gamma \\eta_{c}$...

  7. Electroweak Splitting Functions and High Energy Showering

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Junmou; Tweedie, Brock

    2016-01-01

    We derive the electroweak (EW) collinear splitting functions for the Standard Model, including the massive fermions, gauge bosons and the Higgs boson. We first present the splitting functions in the limit of unbroken SU(2)xU(1) and discuss their general features in the collinear and soft-collinear regimes. We then systematically incorporate EW symmetry breaking (EWSB), which leads to the emergence of additional "ultra-collinear" splitting phenomena and naive violations of the Goldstone-boson Equivalence Theorem. We suggest a particularly convenient choice of non-covariant gauge (dubbed "Goldstone Equivalence Gauge") that disentangles the effects of Goldstone bosons and gauge fields in the presence of EWSB, and allows trivial book-keeping of leading power corrections in the VEV. We implement a comprehensive, practical EW showering scheme based on these splitting functions using a Sudakov evolution formalism. Novel features in the implementation include a complete accounting of ultra-collinear effects, matching...

  8. Supramolecular Control over Split-Luciferase Complementation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosmans, Ralph P G; Briels, Jeroen M; Milroy, Lech-Gustav; de Greef, Tom F A; Merkx, Maarten; Brunsveld, Luc

    2016-07-25

    Supramolecular split-enzyme complementation restores enzymatic activity and allows for on-off switching. Split-luciferase fragment pairs were provided with an N-terminal FGG sequence and screened for complementation through host-guest binding to cucurbit[8]uril (Q8). Split-luciferase heterocomplex formation was induced in a Q8 concentration dependent manner, resulting in a 20-fold upregulation of luciferase activity. Supramolecular split-luciferase complementation was fully reversible, as revealed by using two types of Q8 inhibitors. Competition studies with the weak-binding FGG peptide revealed a 300-fold enhanced stability for the formation of the ternary heterocomplex compared to binding of two of the same fragments to Q8. Stochiometric binding by the potent inhibitor memantine could be used for repeated cycling of luciferase activation and deactivation in conjunction with Q8, providing a versatile module for in vitro supramolecular signaling networks.

  9. Irrational beliefs, attitudes about competition, and splitting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, P J; Morris, R J; Miller, L

    2001-03-01

    Rational-Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) theoretically promotes actualization of both individualistic and social-oriented potentials. In a test of this assumption, the Belief Scale and subscales from the Survey of Personal Beliefs served as measures of what REBT presumes to be pathogenic irrationalities. These measures were correlated with the Hypercompetitive Attitude Scale (HCAS), the Personal Development Competitive Attitude Scale (PDCAS), factors from the Splitting Index, and self-esteem. Results for the HCAS and Self-Splitting supported the REBT claim about individualistic self-actualization. Mostly nonsignificant and a few counterintuitive linkages were observed for irrational beliefs with the PDCAS, Family-Splitting, and Other-Splitting, and these data suggested that REBT may be less successful in capturing the "rationality" of a social-oriented self-actualization.

  10. Split Brain Theory: Implications for Nurse Educators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Meneses, Mary

    1980-01-01

    Discusses incorporating nontraditional concepts of learning in nursing education. Elements explored include the split brain theory, school design, teaching styles, teacher's role, teaching strategies, adding variety to the curriculum, and modular learning. (CT)

  11. Ray splitting in paraxial optical cavities

    CERN Document Server

    Puentes, G; Woerdman, J P

    2003-01-01

    We present a numerical investigation of the ray dynamics in a paraxial optical cavity when a ray splitting mechanism is present. The cavity is a conventional two-mirror stable resonator and the ray splitting is achieved by inserting an optical beam splitter perpendicular to the cavity axis. We show that depending on the position of the beam splitter the optical resonator can become unstable and the ray dynamics displays a positive Lyapunov exponent.

  12. Antenna Splitting Functions for Massive Particles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larkoski, Andrew J.; Peskin, Michael E.; /SLAC

    2011-06-22

    An antenna shower is a parton shower in which the basic move is a color-coherent 2 {yields} 3 parton splitting process. In this paper, we give compact forms for the spin-dependent antenna splitting functions involving massive partons of spin 0 and spin 1/2. We hope that this formalism we have presented will be useful in describing the QCD dynamics of the top quark and other heavy particles at LHC.

  13. Split-plot designs for multistage experimentation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kulahci, Murat; Tyssedal, John

    2016-01-01

    at the same time will be more efficient. However, there have been only a few attempts in the literature to provide an adequate and easy-to-use approach for this problem. In this paper, we present a novel methodology for constructing two-level split-plot and multistage experiments. The methodology is based...... be accommodated in each stage. Furthermore, split-plot designs for multistage experiments with good projective properties are also provided....

  14. Laser beam splitting by polarization encoding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Chenhao

    2015-03-20

    A scheme is proposed to design a polarization grating that splits an incident linearly polarized beam to an array of linearly polarized beams of identical intensity distribution and various azimuth angles of linear polarization. The grating is equivalent to a wave plate with space-variant azimuth angle and space-variant phase retardation. The linear polarization states of all split beams make the grating suitable for coherent beam combining architectures based on Dammann gratings.

  15. Split School of High Energy Physics 2015

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    Split School of High Energy Physics 2015 (SSHEP 2015) was held at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture (FESB), University of Split, from September 14 to September 18, 2015. SSHEP 2015 aimed at master and PhD students who were interested in topics pertaining to High Energy Physics. SSHEP 2015 is the sixth edition of the High Energy Physics School. Previous five editions were held at the Department of Physics, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

  16. Proceedings of the workshop on the production and use of intense radioactive beams at the Isospin Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garrett, J.D. [ed.

    1992-12-31

    These proceedings report the deliberations of a 3 1/2 day workshop on the Production and Use of Intense Radioactive Ion Beams at the Isospin Laboratory, which was held at the Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, October 1992. The purpose of this workshop was not to duplicate the programs of other recent radioactive ion beam workshops or international conferences that have focused on the scientific concepts which radioactive beams can, and in fact already are, addressing. Instead, the intent was to address the technical problems associated with the construction of the next generation ISOL facility and to initiate a discussion of the type of experimental equipment that should be developed for such a facility. We have tried to bring together in Oak Ridge the world`s experts in radioactive targets/ion sources, light and heavy-ion accelerators, and detection systems. After 1 1/2 days of overview presentations, the participants divided into three discussion groups (Experiments with Radioactive Beams, Target Ion Sources and Mass Separation, and Accelerators-Primary and Secondary) for 1 1/2 days of detailed discussions of the most pertinent issues. The final session was devoted to reports from each of the discussion groups and a general discussion of where to go from here. An outgrowth of these discussions was the establishment of working groups to coordinate future technical developments associated with the pertinent issues. The proceedings include the text of all the overview presentations, reports from each discussion group, as well as contributions from those participants who chose to provide the text of their presentations in the discussion groups and the Concluding Remarks. Selected papers have been indexed separately for inclusion in the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  17. Urban pattern: Layout design by hierarchical domain splitting

    KAUST Repository

    Yang, Yongliang

    2013-11-01

    We present a framework for generating street networks and parcel layouts. Our goal is the generation of high-quality layouts that can be used for urban planning and virtual environments. We propose a solution based on hierarchical domain splitting using two splitting types: streamline-based splitting, which splits a region along one or multiple streamlines of a cross field, and template-based splitting, which warps pre-designed templates to a region and uses the interior geometry of the template as the splitting lines. We combine these two splitting approaches into a hierarchical framework, providing automatic and interactive tools to explore the design space.

  18. Controllable valley splitting in silicon quantum devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Srijit; Slinker, K. A.; Friesen, Mark; McGuire, L. M.; Truitt, J. L.; Tahan, Charles; Klein, L. J.; Chu, J. O.; Mooney, P. M.; van der Weide, D. W.; Joynt, Robert; Coppersmith, S. N.; Eriksson, Mark A.

    2007-01-01

    Silicon has many attractive properties for quantum computing, and the quantum-dot architecture is appealing because of its controllability and scalability. However, the multiple valleys in the silicon conduction band are potentially a serious source of decoherence for spin-based quantum-dot qubits. Only when a large energy splits these valleys do we obtain well-defined and long-lived spin states appropriate for quantum computing. Here, we show that the small valley splittings observed in previous experiments on Si-SiGe heterostructures result from atomic steps at the quantum-well interface. Lateral confinement in a quantum point contact limits the electron wavefunctions to several steps, and enhances the valley splitting substantially, up to 1.5meV. The combination of electrostatic and magnetic confinement produces a valley splitting larger than the spin splitting, which is controllable over a wide range. These results improve the outlook for realizing spin qubits with long coherence times in silicon-based devices.

  19. Technical Skills Required in Split Liver Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Huanqiu; Li, Ruijun; Fu, Jinling; He, Qianyan; Li, Ji

    2016-07-01

    The number of liver grafts obtained from a cadaver can be greatly increased with the application of split liver transplantation. In the last 10 years, pediatric waiting list mortality has been reduced significantly with the use of this form of liver transplantation, which has 2 major forms. In its most commonly used form, the liver can be transplanted into 1 adult and 1 child by splitting it into a right extended and a left lateral graft. For adult and pediatric recipients, the results of this procedure are comparable to those of whole-organ techniques. In another form, 2 hemi-grafts are obtained by splitting the liver, which can be transplanted into a medium-sized adult (the right side) and a large child/small adult (the left side). The adult liver graft pool is expanded through the process of full right/full left splitting; but it is also a critical technique when one considers the knowledge required of the potential anatomic variations and the high technical skill level needed. In this review, we provide some basic insights into the technical and anatomical aspects of these 2 forms of split liver transplantation and present an updated summary of both forms.

  20. Spin splitting in 2D monochalcogenide semiconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Do, Dat T.; Mahanti, Subhendra D.; Lai, Chih Wei

    2015-11-01

    We report ab initio calculations of the spin splitting of the uppermost valence band (UVB) and the lowermost conduction band (LCB) in bulk and atomically thin GaS, GaSe, GaTe, and InSe. These layered monochalcogenides appear in four major polytypes depending on the stacking order, except for the monoclinic GaTe. Bulk and few-layer ε-and γ -type, and odd-number β-type GaS, GaSe, and InSe crystals are noncentrosymmetric. The spin splittings of the UVB and the LCB near the Γ-point in the Brillouin zone are finite, but still smaller than those in a zinc-blende semiconductor such as GaAs. On the other hand, the spin splitting is zero in centrosymmetric bulk and even-number few-layer β-type GaS, GaSe, and InSe, owing to the constraint of spatial inversion symmetry. By contrast, GaTe exhibits zero spin splitting because it is centrosymmetric down to a single layer. In these monochalcogenide semiconductors, the separation of the non-degenerate conduction and valence bands from adjacent bands results in the suppression of Elliot-Yafet spin relaxation mechanism. Therefore, the electron- and hole-spin relaxation times in these systems with zero or minimal spin splittings are expected to exceed those in GaAs when the D’yakonov-Perel’ spin relaxation mechanism is also suppressed.

  1. Fano resonance Rabi splitting of surface plasmons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhiguang; Li, Jiafang; Liu, Zhe; Li, Wuxia; Li, Junjie; Gu, Changzhi; Li, Zhi-Yuan

    2017-08-14

    Rabi splitting and Fano resonance are well-known physical phenomena in conventional quantum systems as atoms and quantum dots, arising from strong interaction between two quantum states. In recent years similar features have been observed in various nanophotonic and nanoplasmonic systems. Yet, realization of strong interaction between two or more Fano resonance states has not been accomplished either in quantum or in optical systems. Here we report the observation of Rabi splitting of two strongly coupled surface plasmon Fano resonance states in a three-dimensional plasmonic nanostructure consisting of vertical asymmetric split-ring resonators. The plasmonic system stably supports triple Fano resonance states and double Rabi splittings can occur between lower and upper pairs of the Fano resonance states. The experimental discovery agrees excellently with rigorous numerical simulations, and is well explained by an analytical three-oscillator model. The discovery of Fano resonance Rabi splitting could provide a stimulating insight to explore new fundamental physics in analogous atomic systems and could be used to significantly enhance light-matter interaction for optical sensing and detecting applications.

  2. Temperature and density effects on the nucleon mass splitting

    CERN Document Server

    Christiansen, H R; Fanchiotti, H; Garc, C A

    1996-01-01

    The finite temperature and finite density dependence of the neu\\-tron-proton mass difference is analysed in a purely hadronic framework where the \\rho-\\omega mixing is crucial for this isospin symmetry breakdown. The problem is handled within Thermo Field Dynamics. The present results, consistent with partial chiral and charge symmetry restoration, improve the experimental data fit for the energy difference between mirror nuclei.

  3. Temperature and density effects on the nucleon mass splitting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christiansen, H.R.; Epele, L.N.; Fanchiotti, H.; Garcia Canal, C.A. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de La Plata C.C. 67, (1900) La Plata (Argentina)

    1996-04-01

    The finite temperature and finite density dependence of the neutron-proton mass difference is analyzed in a purely hadronic framework where the {rho}-{omega} mixing is crucial for this isospin symmetry breakdown. The problem is handled within thermofield dynamics. The present results, consistent with partial chiral and charge symmetry restoration, improve the experimental data fit for the energy difference between mirror nuclei. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  4. Inorganic photocatalysts for overall water splitting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xing, Jun; Fang, Wen Qi; Zhao, Hui Jun; Yang, Hua Gui

    2012-04-01

    Photocatalytic water splitting using semiconductor photocatalysts has been considered as a "green" process for converting solar energy into hydrogen. The pioneering work on electrochemical photolysis of water at TiO(2) electrode, reported by Fujishima and Honda in 1972, ushered in the area of solar fuel. As the real ultimate solution for solar fuel-generation, overall water splitting has attracted interest from researchers for some time, and a variety of inorganic photocatalysts have been developed to meet the challenge of this dream reaction. To date, high-efficiency hydrogen production from pure water without the assistance of sacrificial reagents remains an open challenge. In this Focus Review, we aim to provide a whole picture of overall water splitting and give an outlook for future research.

  5. Harvesting split thickness costal cartilage graft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Gaba

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: There are few complications associated with harvesting of full thickness coastal cartilage grafts i.e., pneumothorax (0.9%, contour deformities and prolonged post-operative pain. To address these issues, authors devised special scalpel to harvest split-thickness costal cartilage grafts. Materials and Methods: Standard inframammary incision was used for harvesting rib. Incision was made directly over the desired rib. Specially designed scalpel was used to cut through the rib cartilage to the half of the thickness. The study was conducted in two parts – cadaveric and clinical. Results: There was significantly less pain and no pneumothorax in the patients in whom the split thickness graft was harvested. Wounds healed without any complication. Discussion: Thus, newly devised angulated scalpel used in the current study, showed the potential to supply the reconstructive surgeon with split thickness rib graft without risk of complications such as pneumothorax or warping contour deformities and post-operative pain.

  6. Multiple spectral splits of supernova neutrinos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasgupta, Basudeb; Dighe, Amol; Raffelt, Georg G; Smirnov, Alexei Yu

    2009-07-31

    Collective oscillations of supernova neutrinos swap the spectra f(nu(e))(E) and f(nu[over ](e))(E) with those of another flavor in certain energy intervals bounded by sharp spectral splits. This phenomenon is far more general than previously appreciated: typically one finds one or more swaps and accompanying splits in the nu and nu[over ] channels for both inverted and normal neutrino mass hierarchies. Depending on an instability condition, swaps develop around spectral crossings (energies where f(nu(e))=f(nu(x)), f(nu[over ](e))=f(nu[over ](x)) as well as E-->infinity where all fluxes vanish), and the widths of swaps are determined by the spectra and fluxes. Washout by multiangle decoherence varies across the spectrum and splits can survive as sharp spectral features.

  7. Trap split with Laguerre-Gaussian beams

    CERN Document Server

    Kazemi, Seyedeh Hamideh; Mahmoud, Mohammad

    2016-01-01

    The optical trapping techniques have been extensively used in physics, biophysics, micro-chemistry, and micro-mechanics to allow trapping and manipulation of materials ranging from particles, cells, biological substances, and polymers to DNA and RNA molecules. In this Letter, we present a convenient and effective way to generate a novel phenomenon of trapping, named trap split, in a conventional four-level double-$\\Lambda$ atomic system driven by four femtosecond Laguerre-Gaussian laser pulses. We find that trap split can be always achieved when atoms are trapped by such laser pulses, as compared to Gaussian ones. This work would greatly facilitate the trapping and manipulating the particles and generation of trap split. It may also suggest the possibility of extension into new research fields, such as micro-machining and biophysics.

  8. Split-octonion Lie 3-algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Jardino, Sergio

    2010-01-01

    We extend the concept of a generalized Lie 3-algebra, known to octonions $\\mathbb{O}$, to split-octonions $\\mathbb{SO}$. In order to do that, we introduce a notational device that unifies the two elements product of both of the algebras. We have also proved that $\\mathbb{SO}$ is a Malcev algebra and have recalculated known relations for the structure constants in terms of the introduced structure tensor. An application of the split Lie $3-$algebra to a Bagger and Lambert gauge theory is also discussed.

  9. Recognition of Unipolar and Generalised Split Graphs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin McDiarmid

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available A graph is unipolar if it can be partitioned into a clique and a disjoint union of cliques, and a graph is a generalised split graph if it or its complement is unipolar. A unipolar partition of a graph can be used to find efficiently the clique number, the stability number, the chromatic number, and to solve other problems that are hard for general graphs. We present an O(n2-time algorithm for recognition of n-vertex generalised split graphs, improving on previous O(n3-time algorithms.

  10. Splitting Strategy for Simulating Genetic Regulatory Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiong You

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The splitting approach is developed for the numerical simulation of genetic regulatory networks with a stable steady-state structure. The numerical results of the simulation of a one-gene network, a two-gene network, and a p53-mdm2 network show that the new splitting methods constructed in this paper are remarkably more effective and more suitable for long-term computation with large steps than the traditional general-purpose Runge-Kutta methods. The new methods have no restriction on the choice of stepsize due to their infinitely large stability regions.

  11. Hyperfine splitting in lithium-like bismuth

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lochmann, Matthias; Froemmgen, Nadja; Hammen, Michael; Will, Elisa [Universitaet Mainz (Germany); Andelkovic, Zoran; Kuehl, Thomas; Litvinov, Yuri; Winters, Danyal; Sanchez, Rodolfo [GSI Helmholtzzentrum, Darmstadt (Germany); Botermann, Benjamin; Noertershaeuser, Wilfried [Technische Universitaet Darmstadt (Germany); Bussmann, Michael [Helmholtzzentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (Germany); Dax, Andreas [CERN, Genf (Switzerland); Hannen, Volker; Joehren, Raphael; Vollbrecht, Jonas; Weinheimer, Christian [Universitaet Muenster (Germany); Geppert, Christopher [Universitaet Mainz (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum, Darmstadt (Germany); Stoehlker, Thomas [GSI Helmholtzzentrum, Darmstadt (Germany); Universitaet Heidelberg (Germany); Thompson, Richard [Imperial College, London (United Kingdom); Volotka, Andrey [Technische Universitaet Dresden (Germany); Wen, Weiqiang [IMP Lanzhou (China)

    2013-07-01

    High-precision measurements of the hyperfine splitting values on Li- and H-like bismuth ions, combined with precise atomic structure calculations allow us to test QED-effects in the regime of the strongest magnetic fields that are available in the laboratory. Performing laser spectroscopy at the experimental storage ring (ESR) at GSI Darmstadt, we have now succeeded in measuring the hyperfine splitting in Li-like bismuth. Probing this transition has not been easy because of its extremely low fluorescence rate. Details about this challenging experiment will be given and the achieved experimental accuracy are presented.

  12. The transversely split gracilis twin free flaps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Upadhyaya Divya

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The gracilis muscle is a Class II muscle that is often used in free tissue transfer. The muscle has multiple secondary pedicles, of which the first one is the most consistent in terms of position and calibre. Each pedicle can support a segment of the muscle thus yielding multiple small flaps from a single, long muscle. Although it has often been split longitudinally along the fascicles of its nerve for functional transfer, it has rarely been split transversely to yield multiple muscle flaps that can be used to cover multiple wounds in one patient without subjecting him/her to the morbidity of multiple donor areas .

  13. Doublet-Triplet Splitting and Fat Branes

    CERN Document Server

    Maru, N

    2001-01-01

    We consider the doublet-triplet splitting problem in supersymmetric SU(5) grand unified theory in five dimensions where the fifth dimension is non-compact. We point out that an unnatural fine-tuning of parameters in order to obtain the light Higgs doublets is not required due to the exponential suppression of the overlap of the wave functions.

  14. Geometrical splitting and reduction of Feynman diagrams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davydychev, Andrei I.

    2016-10-01

    A geometrical approach to the calculation of N-point Feynman diagrams is reviewed. It is shown that the geometrical splitting yields useful connections between Feynman integrals with different momenta and masses. It is demonstrated how these results can be used to reduce the number of variables in the occurring functions.

  15. Czech, Slovak science ten years after split

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    Ten years after the split of Czechoslovakia Czech and Slovak science are facing the same difficulties: shortage of money for research, poor salaries, obsolete equipment and brain drain, especially of the young, according to a feature in the Daily Lidove Noviny (1 page).

  16. Splitting up Beta’s change

    OpenAIRE

    Suarez, Ronny

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we estimated IBM beta from 2000 to 2013, then using differential equation mathematical formula we split up the annual beta’s change attributed to the volatility market effect, the stock volatility effect, the correlation effect and the jointly effect of these variables.

  17. Comparing Electrochemical and Biological Water Splitting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rossmeisl, Jan; Dimitrievski, Kristian; Siegbahn, P.

    2007-01-01

    On the basis of density functional theory calculations, we compare the free energies of key intermediates in the water splitting reaction over transition metal oxide surfaces to those of the Mn cluster in photo system II. In spite of the very different environments in the enzyme system...

  18. Three-Rainbow Coloring of Split Graphs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡玉梅; 刘婷婷

    2015-01-01

    After a necessary condition is given, 3-rainbow coloring of split graphs with time complexity O(m) is obtained by constructive method. The number of corresponding colors is at most 2 or 3 more than the minimum num-ber of colors needed in a 3-rainbow coloring.

  19. Split brain: divided perception but undivided consciousness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinto, Yair; Neville, David A; Otten, Marte; Corballis, Paul M; Lamme, Victor A F; de Haan, Edward H F; Foschi, Nicoletta; Fabri, Mara

    2017-01-24

    In extensive studies with two split-brain patients we replicate the standard finding that stimuli cannot be compared across visual half-fields, indicating that each hemisphere processes information independently of the other. Yet, crucially, we show that the canonical textbook findings that a split-brain patient can only respond to stimuli in the left visual half-field with the left hand, and to stimuli in the right visual half-field with the right hand and verbally, are not universally true. Across a wide variety of tasks, split-brain patients with a complete and radiologically confirmed transection of the corpus callosum showed full awareness of presence, and well above chance-level recognition of location, orientation and identity of stimuli throughout the entire visual field, irrespective of response type (left hand, right hand, or verbally). Crucially, we used confidence ratings to assess conscious awareness. This revealed that also on high confidence trials, indicative of conscious perception, response type did not affect performance. These findings suggest that severing the cortical connections between hemispheres splits visual perception, but does not create two independent conscious perceivers within one brain.

  20. Helioseismic Solar Cycle Changes and Splitting Coefficients

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    S. C. Tripathy; Kiran Jain; A. Bhatnagar

    2000-09-01

    Using the GONG data for a period over four years, we have studied the variation of frequencies and splitting coefficients with solar cycle. Frequencies and even-order coefficients are found to change significantly with rising phase of the solar cycle. We also find temporal variations in the rotation rate near the solar surface.

  1. On Split Lie Triple Systems II

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Antonio J Calderón Martín; M Forero Piulestán

    2010-04-01

    In [4] it is studied that the structure of split Lie triple systems with a coherent 0-root space, that is, satisfying $[T_0,T_0,T]=0$ and $[T_0,T_,T_0]≠ 0$ for any nonzero root and where $T_0$ denotes the 0-root space and $T_$ the -root space, by showing that any of such triple systems with a symmetric root system is of the form $T=\\mathcal{U}+\\sum_j I_j$ with $\\mathcal{U}$ a subspace of the 0-root space $T_0$ and any $I_j$ a well described ideal of , satisfying $[I_j,T,I_k]=0$ if $j≠ k$. It is also shown in [4] that under certain conditions, a split Lie triple system with a coherent 0-root space is the direct sum of the family of its minimal ideals, each one being a simple split Lie triple system, and the simplicity of is characterized. In the present paper we extend these results to arbitrary split Lie triple systems with no restrictions on their 0-root spaces.

  2. The T=2 mirrors {sup 36}Ca and {sup 36}S: A test for isospin symmetry of shell gaps at the driplines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doornenbal, P. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, 50937 Cologne (Germany); Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, Planckstrasse 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Reiter, P. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, 50937 Cologne (Germany)]. E-mail: peter.reiter@ikp.uni-koeln.de; Grawe, H. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung, Planckstrasse 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany)] (and others)

    2007-04-12

    The first excited 2{sup +} state of {sup 36}Ca has been identified by its {gamma}-decay, exploiting the two-step fragmentation technique at the FRS-RISING setup at GSI. This is the heaviest T{sub z}=-2 nucleus in the Segre chart in which a {gamma}-decay of an excited state has been observed. A stable beam of {sup 40}Ca at 420AMeV impinged on a primary {sup 9}Be target. Out of the secondary beam of fragmentation products, {sup 37}Ca was separated by the FRS and struck on a second {sup 9}Be target at the final focus of the FRS. The energy for the 2{sub 1}{sup +} decay of {sup 36}Ca was determined to be 3015(16) keV, which is 276 keV lower than in its T=2 mirror {sup 36}S. This mirror energy difference (MED) is discussed in the framework of shell model calculations using a {sup 16}O core, the sd shell isospin symmetric interaction USD and experimental single-particle energies from {sup 17}O and {sup 17}F. The results show that the MED within the sd shell provide a sensitive test for the evolution of the N, Z=14,16 subshell gaps towards the driplines. Especially the N, Z=16 gap is determined by Thomas-Ehrman shift in the A=17, T=1/2 isospin doublet, while Coulomb effects are found to have marginal influence.

  3. Neutron scattering from 208Pb at 30.4 and 40.0 MeV and isospin dependence of the nucleon optical potential

    CERN Document Server

    DeVito, R P; Austin, Sam M; Berg, U E P; Loc, Bui Minh

    2012-01-01

    Analysis of data involving nuclei far from stability often requires optical potential (OP) for neutron scattering. Since neutron data is seldom available, while proton scattering data is more abundant, it is useful to have estimates of the difference of the neutron and proton optical potentials. This information is contained in the isospin dependence of the nucleon OP. Here we attempt to provide it for the nucleon-208Pb system. The goal of this paper is to obtain accurate n+208Pb scattering data, and use it, together with existing p+208Pb and 208Pb(p,n)208$Bi*_{IAS} data, to obtain an accurate estimate of the isospin dependence of the nucleon OP at energies in the 30-60 MeV range. Cross sections for n+208Pb scattering were measured at 30.4 and 40.0 MeV, with a typical relative (normalization) accuracy of 2-4% (3%). An angular range of 15 to 130 degrees was covered using the beam-swinger time of flight system at Michigan State University. These data were analyzed by a consistent optical model study of the neut...

  4. SPLITTING MODULUS FINITE ELEMENT METHOD FOR ORTHOGONAL ANISOTROPIC PLATE BENGING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    党发宁; 荣廷玉; 孙训方

    2001-01-01

    Splitting modulus variational principle in linear theory of solid mechanics was introduced, the principle for thin plate was derived, and splitting modulus finite element method of thin plate was established too. The distinctive feature of the splitting model is that its functional contains one or more arbitrary additional parameters, called splitting factors,so stiffness of the model can be adjusted by properly selecting the splitting factors. Examples show that splitting modulus method has high precision and the ability to conquer some illconditioned problems in usual finite elements. The cause why the new method could transform the ill-conditioned problems into well-conditioned problem, is analyzed finally.

  5. Magnetic impurities in spin-split superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Gerven Oei, W.-V.; Tanasković, D.; Žitko, R.

    2017-02-01

    Hybrid semiconductor-superconductor quantum dot devices are tunable physical realizations of quantum impurity models for a magnetic impurity in a superconducting host. The binding energy of the localized subgap Shiba states is set by the gate voltages and external magnetic field. In this work we discuss the effects of the Zeeman spin splitting, which is generically present both in the quantum dot and in the (thin-film) superconductor. The unequal g factors in semiconductor and superconductor materials result in respective Zeeman splittings of different magnitude. We consider both classical and quantum impurities. In the first case we analytically study the spectral function and the subgap states. The energy of bound states depends on the spin-splitting of the Bogoliubov quasiparticle bands as a simple rigid shift. For the case of collinear magnetization of impurity and host, the Shiba resonance of a given spin polarization remains unperturbed when it overlaps with the branch of the quasiparticle excitations of the opposite spin polarization. In the quantum case, we employ numerical renormalization group calculations to study the effect of the Zeeman field for different values of the g factors of the impurity and of the superconductor. We find that in general the critical magnetic field for the singlet-doublet transition changes nonmonotonically as a function of the superconducting gap, demonstrating the existence of two different transition mechanisms: Zeeman splitting of Shiba states or gap closure due to Zeeman splitting of Bogoliubov states. We also study how in the presence of spin-orbit coupling, modeled as an additional noncollinear component of the magnetic field at the impurity site, the Shiba resonance overlapping with the quasiparticle continuum of the opposite spin gradually broadens and then merges with the continuum.

  6. Splitting, splitting and splitting again: A brief history of the development of regional government in Indonesia since independence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Booth

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The paper reviews the changes in the structure and role of provincial and sub-provincial governments in Indonesia since independence. Particular attention is paid to the process of splitting both provinces and districts (kabupaten and kota into smaller units. The paper points out that this process has been going on since the 1950s, but has accelerated in the post-Soeharto era. The paper examines why the splitting of government units has occurred in some parts of the Outer Islands to a much greater extent than in Java, and also examines the implications of developments since 1999 for the capacity of local government units to deliver basic services such as health and education.

  7. A Regularized Algorithm for the Proximal Split Feasibility Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhangsong Yao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The proximal split feasibility problem has been studied. A regularized method has been presented for solving the proximal split feasibility problem. Strong convergence theorem is given.

  8. Photoelectrochemical water splitting: optimizing interfaces and light absorption

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Park, S.

    2015-01-01

    In this thesis several photoelectrochemical water splitting devices based on semiconductor materials were investigated. The aim was the design, characterization, and fabrication of solar-to-fuel devices which can absorb solar light and split water to produce hydrogen.

  9. Evaluation of Certain Pharmaceutical Quality Attributes of Lisinopril Split Tablets

    OpenAIRE

    Khairi M.S. Fahelelbom; Moawia M. M. Al-Tabakha; Nermin A. M. Eissa; Jeevani Javadi

    2016-01-01

    Tablet splitting is an accepted practice for the administration of drugs for a variety of reasons, including dose adjustment, ease of swallowing and cost savings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the physical properties of lisinopril tablets as a result of splitting the tablets either by hand or with a splitting device. The impact of the splitting technique of lisinopril (Zestril® tablets, 20 mg) on certain physical parameters such as weight variation, friability, disintegration, dis...

  10. Solitary waves of the splitted RLW equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaki, S. I.

    2001-07-01

    A combination of the splitting method and the cubic B-spline finite elements is used to solve the non-linear regularized long wave (RLW) equation. This approach involves a Bubnov-Galerkin method with cubic B-spline finite elements so that there is continuity of the dependent variable and its first derivative throughout the solution region. Time integration of the resulting systems is effected using a Crank-Nicholson approximation. In simulations of the migration of a single solitary wave this algorithm is shown to have higher accuracy and better conservation than a recent splitting difference scheme based on cubic spline interpolation functions, for different amplitudes ranging from a very small ( ⩾0.03) to a considerably high amplitudes ( ⩽0.3). The development of an undular bore is modeled.

  11. Meshed split skin graft for extensive vitiligo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Srinivas C

    2004-05-01

    Full Text Available A 30 year old female presented with generalized stable vitiligo involving large areas of the body. Since large areas were to be treated it was decided to do meshed split skin graft. A phototoxic blister over recipient site was induced by applying 8 MOP solution followed by exposure to UVA. The split skin graft was harvested from donor area by Padgett dermatome which was meshed by an ampligreffe to increase the size of the graft by 4 times. Significant pigmentation of the depigmented skin was seen after 5 months. This procedure helps to cover large recipient areas, when pigmented donor skin is limited with minimal risk of scarring. Phototoxic blister enables easy separation of epidermis thus saving time required for dermabrasion from recipient site.

  12. Functional Analysis of Split Airport Business Processes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavko Roguljić

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Optimisation of business processes represents the basis ofimproving the competitiveness of the Ailport as a service pro·vider. This directly implies not only the analysis and creation ofthe model of current organisation and technological processesbut also the necessity to measure these processes in order to reorganiseand improve them. Consequently, the Split AitportAuthority considers the functional analysis of its business processesas one of the major issues. Since in April2002 the analysisand modelling were completed in all the organisational unitsof handling setvice and cargo department organisational structures,both of the organisational structure of these services, aswell as of processes of aircraft, passenger, baggage and cargohandling, this paper will analyse the implementation of ARISComputer System at Split Airport Ground Handling Process.

  13. Artificial photosynthesis for solar water-splitting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tachibana, Yasuhiro; Vayssieres, Lionel; Durrant, James R.

    2012-08-01

    Hydrogen generated from solar-driven water-splitting has the potential to be a clean, sustainable and abundant energy source. Inspired by natural photosynthesis, artificial solar water-splitting devices are now being designed and tested. Recent developments based on molecular and/or nanostructure designs have led to advances in our understanding of light-induced charge separation and subsequent catalytic water oxidation and reduction reactions. Here we review some of the recent progress towards developing artificial photosynthetic devices, together with their analogies to biological photosynthesis, including technologies that focus on the development of visible-light active hetero-nanostructures and require an understanding of the underlying interfacial carrier dynamics. Finally, we propose a vision for a future sustainable hydrogen fuel community based on artificial photosynthesis.

  14. Timelike single-logarithm-resummed splitting functions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albino, S.; Bolzoni, P.; Kniehl, B.A. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Kotikov, A.V. [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). 2. Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Joint Inst. of Nuclear Research, Moscow (Russian Federation). Bogoliubov Lab. of Theoretical Physics

    2011-08-15

    We calculate the single logarithmic contributions to the quark singlet and gluon matrix of timelike splitting functions at all orders in the modified minimal-subtraction (MS) scheme. We fix two of the degrees of freedom of this matrix from the analogous results in the massive-gluon regularization scheme by using the relation between that scheme and the MS scheme. We determine this scheme transformation from the double logarithmic contributions to the timelike splitting functions and the coefficient functions of inclusive particle production in e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation now available in both schemes. The remaining two degrees of freedom are fixed by reasonable physical assumptions. The results agree with the fixed-order results at next-to-next-to-leading order in the literature. (orig.)

  15. Solar Water Splitting Using Semiconductor Photocatalyst Powders

    KAUST Repository

    Takanabe, Kazuhiro

    2015-07-01

    Solar energy conversion is essential to address the gap between energy production and increasing demand. Large scale energy generation from solar energy can only be achieved through equally large scale collection of the solar spectrum. Overall water splitting using heterogeneous photocatalysts with a single semiconductor enables the direct generation of H from photoreactors and is one of the most economical technologies for large-scale production of solar fuels. Efficient photocatalyst materials are essential to make this process feasible for future technologies. To achieve efficient photocatalysis for overall water splitting, all of the parameters involved at different time scales should be improved because the overall efficiency is obtained by the multiplication of all these fundamental efficiencies. Accumulation of knowledge ranging from solid-state physics to electrochemistry and a multidisciplinary approach to conduct various measurements are inevitable to be able to understand photocatalysis fully and to improve its efficiency.

  16. Splitting of high power, cw proton beams

    CERN Document Server

    Facco, Alberto; Berkovits, Dan; Yamane, Isao

    2007-01-01

    A simple method for splitting a high power, continuous wave (cw) proton beam in two or more branches with low losses has been developed in the framework of the EURISOL (European Isotope Separation On-Line adioactive Ion Beam Facility) design study. The aim of the system is to deliver up to 4 MW of H beam to the main radioactive ion beam production target, and up to 100 kWof proton beams to three more targets, simultaneously. A three-step method is used, which includes magnetic neutralization of a fractionof the main H- beam, magnetic splitting of H- and H0, and stripping of H0 to H+. The method allowsslow raising and individual fine adjustment of the beam intensity in each branch.

  17. Modelling heterogeneous interfaces for solar water splitting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pham, Tuan Anh; Ping, Yuan; Galli, Giulia

    2017-04-01

    The generation of hydrogen from water and sunlight offers a promising approach for producing scalable and sustainable carbon-free energy. The key of a successful solar-to-fuel technology is the design of efficient, long-lasting and low-cost photoelectrochemical cells, which are responsible for absorbing sunlight and driving water splitting reactions. To this end, a detailed understanding and control of heterogeneous interfaces between photoabsorbers, electrolytes and catalysts present in photoelectrochemical cells is essential. Here we review recent progress and open challenges in predicting physicochemical properties of heterogeneous interfaces for solar water splitting applications using first-principles-based approaches, and highlights the key role of these calculations in interpreting increasingly complex experiments.

  18. Modelling heterogeneous interfaces for solar water splitting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pham, Tuan Anh; Ping, Yuan; Galli, Giulia

    2017-01-09

    The generation of hydrogen from water and sunlight others a promising approach for producing scalable and sustainable carbon-free energy. The key of a successful solar-to-fuel technology is the design of efficient, long-lasting and low-cost photoelectrochemical cells, which are responsible for absorbing sunlight and driving water splitting reactions. To this end, a detailed understanding and control of heterogeneous interfaces between photoabsorbers, electrolytes and catalysts present in photoelectrochemical cells is essential. Here we review recent progress and open challenges in predicting physicochemical properties of heterogeneous interfaces for solar water splitting applications using first-principles-based approaches, and highlights the key role of these calculations in interpreting increasingly complex experiments.

  19. Embryo splitting: a role in infertility?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, C

    2001-01-01

    Embryo splitting may be used to increase the potential fertility of couples requiring IVF. Using cattle as a model, it is possible to increase pregnancy rates from 70% per transfer of good quality in-vivo-produced embryos, to 110% by transferring the two demi-embryos resulting from the bisection of one embryo. The 30-40% greater chance of conception would reduce costs for the government, health authorities and patients, and reduce stress, time and complications for women having IVF treatment. Embryo splitting may also provide donor embryos for infertile couples that cannot conceive naturally or with IVF. The shortage of children for adoption and donor embryos may be overcome by the production of demi-embryos.

  20. Bunch Splitting Simulations for the JLEIC Ion Collider Ring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Satogata, Todd J. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); Gamage, Randika [Old Dominion Univ., Norfolk, VA (United States)

    2016-05-01

    We describe the bunch splitting strategies for the proposed JLEIC ion collider ring at Jefferson Lab. This complex requires an unprecedented 9:6832 bunch splitting, performed in several stages. We outline the problem and current results, optimized with ESME including general parameterization of 1:2 bunch splitting for JLEIC parameters.

  1. 16 CFR 802.10 - Stock dividends and splits; reorganizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Stock dividends and splits; reorganizations... INTERPRETATIONS UNDER THE HART-SCOTT-RODINO ANTITRUST IMPROVEMENTS ACT OF 1976 EXEMPTION RULES § 802.10 Stock dividends and splits; reorganizations. (a) The acquisition of voting securities pursuant to a stock split...

  2. 7 CFR 51.2731 - U.S. Spanish Splits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false U.S. Spanish Splits. 51.2731 Section 51.2731... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Shelled Spanish Type Peanuts Grades § 51.2731 U.S. Spanish Splits. “U.S. Spanish Splits” consists of shelled Spanish type peanut kernels which are split or...

  3. Ispra Mark-10 water splitting process

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    A thermochemical water splitting process, the Ispra Mark-10 chemical reaction cycle, was chosen for examining the possibility of using water to produce hydrogen on a large scale for fuel and major industrial chemical uses. The assumed energy source for the process is an HTGR (helium cooled). A process flow diagram, a material balance, and an energy balance were developed for the thermochemical reaction cycle. Principal reactions which constitute the cycle are included.

  4. Height in Splittings of Hyperbolic Groups

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mahan Mitra

    2004-02-01

    Suppose is a hyperbolic subgroup of a hyperbolic group . Assume there exists > 0 such that the intersection of essentially distinct conjugates of is always finite. Further assume splits over with hyperbolic vertex and edge groups and the two inclusions of are quasi-isometric embeddings. Then is quasiconvex in . This answers a question of Swarup and provides a partial converse to the main theorem of [23].

  5. Continuously tunable, split-cavity gyrotrons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brand, G. F.; Gross, M.

    1985-12-01

    Attention is given to a gyrotron cavity configuration which is split in halves longitudinally, to allow any frequency lying between the fixed cavity resonance to be assessed by mechanically changing the separation of the two halves. Experimental results are presented which demonstrate that the rate-of-change in resonant frequency with separation is greatest if the minor axis of the cavity cross section is the one undergoing change. Excellent agreement with theory is noted for these results.

  6. Splitting neutrino masses and showering into Sky

    CERN Document Server

    Fargion, D; Iacovelli, M; Lanciano, O; Oliva, P; De Lucentini, P G S; Grossi, M; De Santis, M

    2006-01-01

    Neutrino masses might be as light as a few time the atmospheric neutrino mass splitting. High Energy ZeV cosmic neutrinos (in Z-Showering model) might hit relic ones at each mass in different resonance energies in our nearby Universe. This non-degenerated density and energy must split UHE Z-boson secondaries (in Z-Burst model) leading to multi injection of UHECR nucleons within future extreme AUGER energy. Secondaries of Z-Burst as neutral gamma, below a few tens EeV are better surviving local GZK cut-off and they might explain recent Hires BL-Lac UHECR correlations at small angles. A different high energy resonance must lead to Glashow's anti-neutrino showers while hitting electrons in matter. In air, Glashow's anti-neutrino showers lead to collimated and directional air-showers offering a new Neutrino Astronomy. At greater energy around PeV, Tau escaping mountains and Earth and decaying in flight are effectively showering in air sky. These Horizontal showering is splitting by geomagnetic field in forked sha...

  7. P-wave Cooper pair splitting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henning Soller

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Splitting of Cooper pairs has recently been realized experimentally for s-wave Cooper pairs. A split Cooper pair represents an entangled two-electron pair state, which has possible application in on-chip quantum computation. Likewise the spin-activity of interfaces in nanoscale tunnel junctions has been investigated theoretically and experimentally in recent years. However, the possible implications of spin-active interfaces in Cooper pair splitters so far have not been investigated.Results: We analyze the current and the cross correlation of currents in a superconductor–ferromagnet beam splitter, including spin-active scattering. Using the Hamiltonian formalism, we calculate the cumulant-generating function of charge transfer. As a first step, we discuss characteristics of the conductance for crossed Andreev reflection in superconductor–ferromagnet beam splitters with s-wave and p-wave superconductors and no spin-active scattering. In a second step, we consider spin-active scattering and show how to realize p-wave splitting using only an s-wave superconductor, through the process of spin-flipped crossed Andreev reflection. We present results for the conductance and cross correlations.Conclusion: Spin-activity of interfaces in Cooper pair splitters allows for new features in ordinary s-wave Cooper pair splitters, that can otherwise only be realized by using p-wave superconductors. In particular, it provides access to Bell states that are different from the typical spin singlet state.

  8. Dynamics of a split torque helicopter transmission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashidi, Majid; Krantz, Timothy

    A high reduction ratio split torque gear train has been proposed as an alternative to a planetary configuration for the final stage of a helicopter transmission. A split torque design allows a high ratio of power-to-weight for the transmission. The design studied in this work includes a pivoting beam that acts to balance thrust loads produced by the helical gear meshes in each of two parallel power paths. When the thrust loads are balanced, the torque is split evenly. A mathematical model was developed to study the dynamics of the system. The effects of time varying gear mesh stiffness, static transmission errors, and flexible bearing supports are included in the model. The model was demonstrated with a test case. Results show that although the gearbox has a symmetric configuration, the simulated dynamic behavior of the first and second compound gears are not the same. Also, results show that shaft location and mesh stiffness tuning are significant design parameters that influence the motions of the system.

  9. Transonymization as Revitalization: Old Toponyms of Split

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katarina Lozić Knezović

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with ancient toponyms of Split, a city in the centre of the Croatian region of Dalmatia. Along with numerous monuments of spiritual and material culture, toponyms are part of the two-thousand-year-old city’s historical heritage. Split in particular abounds with sources that provide valuable information concerning ancient toponyms. In terms of the study and preservation of toponymy, three basic sources are crucial: the living oral tradition, written records, and old charts — mostly cadastral plans. In addition to researching, recording, documenting, and publishing Split’s ancient place names through toponomastic, geographical, and town planning studies, toponymic heritage preservation is also implemented through the direct use of the names in everyday life. One of the ways of such revitalization of Split’s ancient place names is their transonymization into the category of chrematonyms, i.e. their secondary use as names of institutions, shops, restaurants, schools, sports associations and facilities, bars and coffee shops, cemeteries, and so on. The present paper provides a classification and etymological analysis of detoponymic chrematonyms of Split. The authors propose measures to raise public awareness of the historical information conveyed by the names and raise some issues for consideration regarding further study of transonymization as a means of revitalizing local toponymic tradition.

  10. Streamlined expressed protein ligation using split inteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vila-Perelló, Miquel; Liu, Zhihua; Shah, Neel H; Willis, John A; Idoyaga, Juliana; Muir, Tom W

    2013-01-09

    Chemically modified proteins are invaluable tools for studying the molecular details of biological processes, and they also hold great potential as new therapeutic agents. Several methods have been developed for the site-specific modification of proteins, one of the most widely used being expressed protein ligation (EPL) in which a recombinant α-thioester is ligated to an N-terminal Cys-containing peptide. Despite the widespread use of EPL, the generation and isolation of the required recombinant protein α-thioesters remain challenging. We describe here a new method for the preparation and purification of recombinant protein α-thioesters using engineered versions of naturally split DnaE inteins. This family of autoprocessing enzymes is closely related to the inteins currently used for protein α-thioester generation, but they feature faster kinetics and are split into two inactive polypeptides that need to associate to become active. Taking advantage of the strong affinity between the two split intein fragments, we devised a streamlined procedure for the purification and generation of protein α-thioesters from cell lysates and applied this strategy for the semisynthesis of a variety of proteins including an acetylated histone and a site-specifically modified monoclonal antibody.

  11. The structure of split regular BiHom-Lie algebras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calderón, Antonio J.; Sánchez, José M.

    2016-12-01

    We introduce the class of split regular BiHom-Lie algebras as the natural extension of the one of split Hom-Lie algebras and so of split Lie algebras. We show that an arbitrary split regular BiHom-Lie algebra L is of the form L = U +∑jIj with U a linear subspace of a fixed maximal abelian subalgebra H and any Ij a well described (split) ideal of L, satisfying [Ij ,Ik ] = 0 if j ≠ k. Under certain conditions, the simplicity of L is characterized and it is shown that L is the direct sum of the family of its simple ideals.

  12. Multiple beam splitting in elastic phononic crystal plates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hyuk; Oh, Joo Hwan; Kim, Yoon Young

    2015-02-01

    This work presents an experimental evidence for triple beam splitting in an elastic plate with an embedded elastic phononic crystal (PC) prism and elaborates on its working mechanism. While there were reports on negative refraction and double beam splitting with PCs, no experimental evidence on the splitting of triple or more ultrasonic elastic beams through PCs has been shown yet. After the experimental results are presented in case of triple beam splitting, further analysis is carried out to explain how triple or more beams can be split depending on elastic PC prism angles. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  13. Direct Mass Measurements on the Superallowed Emitter $^{74}$Rb and its Daughter $^{74}$Kr Isospin-Symmetry-Breaking Correction for Standard-Model Tests

    CERN Document Server

    Kellerbauer, A G; Beck, D; Blaum, K; Bollen, G; Brown, B A; Delahaye, P; Guénaut, C; Herfurth, F; Kluge, H J; Lunney, M D; Schwarz, S; Schweikhard, L; Yazidjian, C

    2004-01-01

    The decay energy of the superallowed $\\beta$-decay $^{74}$Rb($\\beta^{+}$)$^{74}$Kr was determined by direct Penning trap mass measurements on both the mother and the daughter nuclide using the time-of-flight resonance technique and found to be $Q = 10416.8(4.5)$ keV. The exotic nuclide $^{74}$Rb, with a half-life of only 65 ms, is the shortest-lived nuclide on which a high-precision mass measurement in a Penning trap has been carried out. Together with existing data for the partial half-life as well as theoretical corrections, the decay energy yields a comparative half-life of $Ft$ = 3084(15) s for this decay, in agreement with the mean value for the series of the lighter nuclides from $^{10}$C to $^{54}$Co. Assuming conserved vector current, this result allows for an experimental determination of the isospin-symmetry-breaking correction $\\delta$C.

  14. Study of isospin correlation in high energy S + Pb and Pb + Pb interactions with a magnetic-interferometric-emulsion-chamber. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, Yoshiyuki

    1997-12-12

    This report describes the research results of the study of high energy heavy-ion interactions and multi-cluster correlations at the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH). This study has been performed as the CERN experiments, EMU05, EMU09 and EMU16, and a part of the RHIC PHENIX and its MVD Collaboration work. Physics objectives and methods are described in chapters 1, 2, 3 and Appendices A1 and A2. The experimental set-up, measurements, an the data analyses at UAH are described in chapters 4 through 10 and Appendices. The UAH research was a quest for high density state of nuclear matter, in terms of finding analysis methods of multi-isospin correlations. The present work emphasized a study of the fluctuation of the particle density, discriminating the isospin for exploring the Disoriented Chiral Condensate (DCC). The analysis methods developed are: (1) Chi-square density test; (2) Run-test; (3) G-test; (4) Fourier analysis; and (5) Lomb`s Periodogram. The application of these methods for central collision events in 2,000 GeV/n S + Pb and 167 GeV/n Pb + Pb produced interesting DCC correlations for a few events. However, further investigation of fluctuations with Monte Carlo method guided them to understand various hidden degree of freedoms in such analyses. The results of the analysis of the experimental data in comparison with the Monte Carlo data did not support the DCC process as compelling. The developed methods evolved for a plan to investigate the DCC in the PHENIX. The study has obtained several mathematical analysis methods from the CERN EMU05/16 experiments for a possible use in RHIC experiments.

  15. SplitRFLab: A MATLAB GUI toolbox for receiver function analysis based on SplitLab

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Mijian; Huang, Hui; Huang, Zhouchuan; Wang, Liangshu

    2016-02-01

    We add new modules for receiver function (RF) analysis in SplitLab toolbox, which includes the manual RF analysis module, automatic RF analysis and related quality control modules, and H- k stacking module. The updated toolbox (named SplitRFLab toolbox), especially its automatic RF analysis module, could calculate the RFs quickly and efficiently, which is very useful in RF analysis with huge amount of seismic data. China is now conducting the ChinArray project that plans to deploy thousands of portable stations across Chinese mainland. Our SplitRFLab toolbox may obtain reliable RF results quickly at the first time, which provide essentially new constraint to the crustal and mantle structures.

  16. M-Split: A Graphical User Interface to Analyze Multilayered Anisotropy from Shear Wave Splitting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abgarmi, Bizhan; Ozacar, A. Arda

    2017-04-01

    Shear wave splitting analysis are commonly used to infer deep anisotropic structure. For simple cases, obtained delay times and fast-axis orientations are averaged from reliable results to define anisotropy beneath recording seismic stations. However, splitting parameters show systematic variations with back azimuth in the presence of complex anisotropy and cannot be represented by average time delay and fast axis orientation. Previous researchers had identified anisotropic complexities at different tectonic settings and applied various approaches to model them. Most commonly, such complexities are modeled by using multiple anisotropic layers with priori constraints from geologic data. In this study, a graphical user interface called M-Split is developed to easily process and model multilayered anisotropy with capabilities to properly address the inherited non-uniqueness. M-Split program runs user defined grid searches through the model parameter space for two-layer anisotropy using formulation of Silver and Savage (1994) and creates sensitivity contour plots to locate local maximas and analyze all possible models with parameter tradeoffs. In order to minimize model ambiguity and identify the robust model parameters, various misfit calculation procedures are also developed and embedded to M-Split which can be used depending on the quality of the observations and their back-azimuthal coverage. Case studies carried out to evaluate the reliability of the program using real noisy data and for this purpose stations from two different networks are utilized. First seismic network is the Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake research institute (KOERI) which includes long term running permanent stations and second network comprises seismic stations deployed temporary as part of the "Continental Dynamics-Central Anatolian Tectonics (CD-CAT)" project funded by NSF. It is also worth to note that M-Split is designed as open source program which can be modified by users for

  17. Transverse momentum dependent splitting functions at work: quark-to-gluon splitting

    CERN Document Server

    Hentschinski, M; Kutak, K

    2016-01-01

    Using the recently obtained Pgq splitting function we extend the low x evolution equation for gluons to account for contributions originating from quark-to-gluon splitting. In order to write down a consistent equation we resum virtual corrections coming from the gluon channel and demonstrate that this implies a suitable regularization of the Pgq singularity, corresponding to a soft emitted quark. We also note that the obtained equation is in a straightforward manner generalized to a nonlinear evolution equation which takes into account effects due to the presence of high gluon densities.

  18. Split ring resonator resonance assisted terahertz antennas

    CERN Document Server

    Galal, Hossam; Vitiello, Miriam S

    2016-01-01

    We report on the computational development of novel architectures of low impedance broadband antennas, for efficient detection of Terahertz (THz) frequency beams. The conceived Split Ring Resonator Resonance Assisted (SRR RA) antennas are based on both a capacitive and inductive scheme, exploiting a 200 Ohm and 400 Ohm impedance, respectively. Moreover, the impedance is tunable by varying the coupling parameters in the exploited geometry, allowing for better matching with the detector circuit for maximum power extraction. Our simulation results have been obtained by assuming a 1.5 THz operation frequency.

  19. Basic dynamics of split Stirling refrigerators

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Waele, A. T. A. M.; Liang, W.

    2008-09-01

    The basic features of the split Stirling refrigerator, driven by a linear compressor, are described. Friction of the compressor piston and of the regenerator, and the viscous losses due to the gas flow through the regenerator matrix are taken into account. The temperature at the cold end is an input parameter. The general equations are derived which are subsequently treated in the harmonic approximation. Examples are given of application of the relations for describing optimum-performance conditions as well as the interrelationship between cooler and heat-engine operation.

  20. Hyperfine splitting in hydrogen with form factors

    CERN Document Server

    Daza, F Garcia; Nowakowski, M

    2010-01-01

    Proton structure corrections to the hyperfine splittings in hydrogen are evaluated using the Breit potential with electromagnetic form factors. In contrast to other methods, several new features emerge: the Breit potential with $q^2$-dependent form factors is just an extension of the standard Breit equation which gives the hyperfine Hamiltonian. Order $\\alpha^5$ corrections are obtained from a one-photon exchange amplitude and time-independent perturbation theory. Structure corrections to $D_{21} = 8 E^{2S}_{hfs} - E^{1S}_{hfs}$ start at order $\\alpha^6$. QED corrections are comparable to structure corrections which must be evaluated ab initio.

  1. A splitting-free vorticity redistribution method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirchhart, M.; Obi, S.

    2017-02-01

    We present a splitting-free variant of the vorticity redistribution method. Spatial consistency and stability when combined with a time-stepping scheme are proven. We propose a new strategy preventing excessive growth in the number of particles while retaining the order of consistency. The novel concept of small neighbourhoods significantly reduces the method's computational cost. In numerical experiments the method showed second order convergence, one order higher than predicted by the analysis. Compared to the fast multipole code used in the velocity computation, the method is about three times faster.

  2. Streamers in air splitting into three branches

    CERN Document Server

    Heijmans, L C J; van Veldhuizen, E M; Ebert, U

    2013-01-01

    We investigate the branching of positive streamers in air and present the first systematic investigation of splitting into more than two branches. We study discharges in 100 mbar artificial air that is exposed to voltage pulses of 10 kV applied to a needle electrode 160 mm above a grounded plate. By imaging the discharge with two cameras from three angles, we establish that about every 200th branching event is a branching into three. Branching into three occurs more frequently for the relatively thicker streamers. In fact, we find that the surface of the total streamer cross-sections before and after a branching event is roughly the same.

  3. Large Bandgap Semiconductors for Solar Water Splitting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malizia, Mauro

    water splitting devices having tandem design. The increase of the photovoltage produced by GaP under illumination was the main goal of this work. GaP has a bandgap of 2.25 eV and could in theory produce a photovoltage of approximately 1.7 V. Instead, the photovoltage produced by the semiconductor...... density generated by GaP was increased by more than 60% by electrochemical etching of the surface. The etching process produces a rough microstructured surface that increases the optical path length of the incident photons and the collection of photogenerated electrons.Furthermore, the synthesis of BiVO4...

  4. Modification of Leather Split by In Situ Polymerization of Acrylates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Weixing Xu

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Leather split, the byproduct of leather manufacture, possesses low utility value because it has loose weave of collagen fibers and weak mechanical strengths. Herein, a practical and convenient method for increasing strengths of leather split was developed by one-step in situ polymerization. The structures and properties of polyacrylate/leather split composites were systematically investigated. The results suggested the monomers with an α-methyl and a proper straight-chain ester group, such as nBMA, can effectively modify the leather split. For leather split with a thickness of 1.6 mm, the rational processes for preparation of polyacrylate/leather split composite are that monomer and split were stirred in a drum for 4 hours for full permeation and then the split was heated in anaerobic condition at 45°C for 30 min. The tensile strength, tear strength, and elongation at break of the optimized PnBMA/split composite were 18.72 MPa, 62.73 N/mm, and 46.02%, respectively. With these mechanical properties, the split after modification can be well used as leather for making shoes, bags, gloves, and clothing.

  5. Design of a Cocoa Pod Splitting Machine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adetunde, I.A

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This study outlines the design of a very efficient, highly productive, cost- effective, ergonomic and environmentally friendly cocoa splitting machine that will be used by cocoa Farmers world - wide to increase and boost productivity and enhance the quality of coca products to the highest possible level devoid of any hazards, dangers or perils. This machine can be manufactured from locally available scraps and assembled and maintained at a relatively low cost. The knives which do the splitting are actuated by simple hydraulic mechanisms devoid any major stresses, forces or moments acting on them. These mechanisms are powered by simple low - powered lobe positive displacement or hydrostatic hydraulic pumps of power rating of 87.5 kW (65.625 Hp. The machine can be assembled and/or disassembled easily and quickly, and, therefore can be owned patronized by a group of cocoa farmers who can easily bear the low cost of maintenance of the already relative cheap machine.

  6. Mild-split SUSY with flavor

    CERN Document Server

    Eliaz, Latif; Gudnason, Sven Bjarke; Tsuk, Eitan

    2013-01-01

    In the framework of a gauge mediated quiver-like model, the standard model flavor texture can be naturally generated. The model - like the MSSM - has furthermore a region in parameter space where the lightest Higgs mass is fed by heavy stop loops, which in turn sets the average squark mass scale near 10-20 TeV. We perform a careful flavor analysis to check whether this type of mild-split SUSY passes all flavor constraints as easily as envisioned in the original type of split SUSY. Interestingly, it turns out to be on the border of several constraints, in particular, the branching ratio of mu -> e gamma and, if order one complex phases are assumed, also epsilon_K neutron and electron EDM. Furthermore, we consider unification as well as dark matter candidates, especially the gravitino. Finally, we provide a closed-form formula for the soft masses of matter in arbitrary representations of any of the gauge groups in a generic quiver-like model with a general messenger sector.

  7. Dynamics of a split torque helicopter transmission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krantz, Timothy L.

    1994-06-01

    Split torque designs, proposed as alternatives to traditional planetary designs for helicopter main rotor transmissions, can save weight and be more reliable than traditional designs. This report presents the results of an analytical study of the system dynamics and performance of a split torque gearbox that uses a balance beam mechanism for load sharing. The Lagrange method was applied to develop a system of equations of motion. The mathematical model includes time-varying gear mesh stiffness, friction, and manufacturing errors. Cornell's method for calculating the stiffness of spur gear teeth was extended and applied to helical gears. The phenomenon of sidebands spaced at shaft frequencies about gear mesh fundamental frequencies was simulated by modeling total composite gear errors as sinusoid functions. Although the gearbox has symmetric geometry, the loads and motions of the two power paths differ. Friction must be considered to properly evaluate the balance beam mechanism. For the design studied, the balance beam is not an effective device for load sharing unless the coefficient of friction is less than 0.003. The complete system stiffness as represented by the stiffness matrix used in this analysis must be considered to precisely determine the optimal tooth indexing position.

  8. Trap split with Laguerre-Gaussian beams

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamideh Kazemi, Seyedeh; Ghanbari, Saeed; Mahmoudi, Mohammad

    2017-08-01

    We present a convenient and effective way to generate a novel phenomenon of trapping, named ‘trap split’, in a conventional four-level double-Λ atomic system, driven by four femtosecond Laguerre-Gaussian laser pulses. We find that trap split can always be achieved when atoms are trapped by such laser pulses, as compared to Gaussian ones. This feature is enabled by the interaction of the atomic system and the Laguerre-Gaussian laser pulses with zero intensity in the center. A further advantage of using Laguerre-Gaussian laser pulses is the insensitivity to fluctuation in the intensity of the lasers in such a way that the separation between the traps remains constant. Moreover, it is demonstrated that the suggested scheme with Laguerre-Gaussian laser pulses can form optical traps with spatial sizes that are not limited by the wavelength of the laser, and can, in principle, become smaller than the wavelength of light. This work would greatly facilitate the trapping and manipulating of particles and the generation of trap split. It may also suggest the possibility of extension into new research fields, such as micro-machining and biophysics.

  9. An Iterative Algorithm for the Split Equality and Multiple-Sets Split Equality Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luoyi Shi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The multiple-sets split equality problem (MSSEP requires finding a point x∈∩i=1NCi, y∈∩j=1MQj such that Ax=By, where N and M are positive integers, {C1,C2,…,CN} and {Q1,Q2,…,QM} are closed convex subsets of Hilbert spaces H1, H2, respectively, and A:H1→H3, B:H2→H3 are two bounded linear operators. When N=M=1, the MSSEP is called the split equality problem (SEP. If  B=I, then the MSSEP and SEP reduce to the well-known multiple-sets split feasibility problem (MSSFP and split feasibility problem (SFP, respectively. One of the purposes of this paper is to introduce an iterative algorithm to solve the SEP and MSSEP in the framework of infinite-dimensional Hilbert spaces under some more mild conditions for the iterative coefficient.

  10. Non-split and split deformations of AdS_5

    CERN Document Server

    Hoare, Ben

    2016-01-01

    The eta-deformation of the AdS_5 x S^5 superstring depends on a non-split r matrix for the superalgebra psu(2,2|4). Much of the investigation into this model has considered one particular choice, however there are a number of inequivalent alternatives. This is also true for the bosonic sector of the theory with su(2,2), the isometry algebra of AdS_5, admitting one split and three non-split r matrices. In this article we explore these r matrices and the corresponding geometries. We investigate their contraction limits, comment on supergravity backgrounds and demonstrate their relation to gauged-WZW deformations. We then extend the three non-split cases to AdS_5 x S^5 and compute four separate bosonic two-particle tree-level S-matrices based on inequivalent BMN-type light-cone gauges. The resulting S-matrices, while different, are related by momentum-dependent one-particle changes of basis.

  11. Solar hydrogen production on some water splitting photocatalysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takata, Tsuyoshi; Hisatomi, Takashi; Domen, Kazunari

    2016-09-01

    Photocatalytic overall water splitting into H2 and O2 is expected to be a promising method for the efficient utilization of solar energy. The design of optimal photocatalyst structures is a key to efficient overall water splitting, and the development of photocatalysts which can efficiently convert large portion of visible light spectrum has been required. Recently, a series of complex perovskite type transition metal oxynitrides, LaMgxT 1-xO1+3xN2-3x, was developed as photocatalysts for direct water splitting operable at wide wavelength of visible light. In addition two-step excitation water splitting via a novel photocatalytic device termed as photocatalyst sheet was developed. This consists of two types of semiconductors (hydrogen evolution photocatalyst and oxygen evolution photocatalyst) particles embedded in a conductive layer, and showed high efficiency for overall water splitting. These recent advances in photocatalytic water splitting were introduced.

  12. Split renal function measured by triphasic helical CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hackstein, Nils [Radiologische Gemeinschaftspraxis am Evangelischen Krankenhaus, Paul-Zipp-Str. 171, 35398 Giessen (Germany)]. E-mail: nils.hackstein@radiol.med.uni-giessen.de; Buch, Thomas [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Klinikstr. 36, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, 35385 Giessen (Germany)]. E-mail: thomas.buch@radiol.med.uni-giessen.de; Rau, Wigbert S. [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Klinikstr. 36, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, 35385 Giessen (Germany)]. E-mail: wigbert.rau@uniklinikum-giessen.de; Weimer, Rolf [Department of Internal Medicine, Klinikstr. 36, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, 35385 Giessen (Germany)]. E-mail: Rolf.Weimer@innere.med.uni-giessen.de; Klett, Rigobert [Clinic of Nuclear Medicine, Friedrichstr. 25, Justus-Liebig University Giessen, 35385 Giessen (Germany)]. E-mail: rigobert.klett@radiol.med.uni-giessen.de

    2007-02-15

    Purpose: To present a method for calculating split renal function solely from routine triphasic helical computed tomography (CT). Subjects and methods: We retrospectively included 26 adult patients who received renal scintigraphy and triphasic CT within 4 weeks in the years 2003 and 2004. All scans were performed using a standard abdominal protocol. Split renal function was calculated as relative single-kidney glomerular filtration rate (GFR) using a simplified 'two-point Patlak plot' technique. As a reference method, split renal function was determined from renal scintigraphy using the standard technique. Results: Linear correlation between the two methods was r = 0.91, split renal function (CT) = 0.0266 + 0.9573 x split renal function (scintigraphy). Conclusion: Split renal function can be measured accurately by minimally extended triphasic CT.

  13. The Practice of Splitting Tablets: Cost and Therapeutic Aspects

    OpenAIRE

    John Bachynsky; Cheryl Wiens; Krystal Melnychuk

    2002-01-01

    Background: Tablet splitting is used in pharmacy practice to adjust the dose to be administered. It is also being advocated as a method of reducing prescription drug costs. Methods: The potential for using this practice as a cost-saving method was examined. The top 200 prescription products in Canada were evaluated for their potential for tablet splitting to reduce costs. The assessment was based on the dosage form (only tablets could be split), availability of dosages in multiples, whether t...

  14. Photon splitting in a strongly magnetized, charge-asymmetric plasma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chistyakov M.V.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The process of the photon splitting, γ → γγ, is investigated in the presence of strongly magnetized charge-asymmetric cold plasma. The dispersion properties of photons and the new polarization selection rules are obtained in such plasma. The absorption rate of the leading photon splitting channel are calculated with taking account of the photon dispersion and wave function renormalization. In addition, a comparison of the photon splitting and the Compton scattering processes is performed.

  15. Double-peak Splitting in High-order Harmonics Generation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Yingsong; LIU Yaqing; YANG Xiaodong; XU Zhizhan

    2000-01-01

    When the intensity of the driving pulse is much higher than the saturation intensity of the media involved, the double-peak splitting in frequency domain emerges in the generated high-order harmonic spectra. The possible origins of this splitting are carefully investigated. The ionization of the gas media and the propagation effect of harmonic field are the main reason for the double-peak splitting observed.

  16. Quantum tunneling splittings from path-integral molecular dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mátyus, Edit; Wales, David J.; Althorpe, Stuart C.

    2016-03-01

    We illustrate how path-integral molecular dynamics can be used to calculate ground-state tunnelling splittings in molecules or clusters. The method obtains the splittings from ratios of density matrix elements between the degenerate wells connected by the tunnelling. We propose a simple thermodynamic integration scheme for evaluating these elements. Numerical tests on fully dimensional malonaldehyde yield tunnelling splittings in good overall agreement with the results of diffusion Monte Carlo calculations.

  17. Split Treatment: A Measurement of Coordination Between Psychiatrists

    OpenAIRE

    LoPiccolo, Charles J.; Eldon Taylor, C.; Clemence, Cheryl; Eisdorfer, Carl

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the adherence rates of psychiatrists with APA standards for coordination of care in split treatment. Coordination of care in split treatment is monitored from claims paid data in an academic MBHO as an ongoing quality improvement activity. For an 18-month period, 93 psychiatrists were identified with 559 patients in split treatment and were mailed a survey. Surveys were controlled for change of providers. Self-report survey results were obtained from...

  18. Conditional beam splitting attack on quantum key distribution

    OpenAIRE

    Calsamiglia, John; Barnett, Stephen M.; Lütkenhaus, Norbert

    2001-01-01

    We present a novel attack on quantum key distribution based on the idea of adaptive absorption [calsam01]. The conditional beam splitting attack is shown to be much more efficient than the conventional beam spitting attack, achieving a performance similar to the, powerful but currently unfeasible, photon number splitting attack. The implementation of the conditional beam splitting attack, based solely on linear optical elements, is well within reach of current technology.

  19. Splitting methods in communication, imaging, science, and engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Osher, Stanley; Yin, Wotao

    2016-01-01

    This book is about computational methods based on operator splitting. It consists of twenty-three chapters written by recognized splitting method contributors and practitioners, and covers a vast spectrum of topics and application areas, including computational mechanics, computational physics, image processing, wireless communication, nonlinear optics, and finance. Therefore, the book presents very versatile aspects of splitting methods and their applications, motivating the cross-fertilization of ideas. .

  20. Optimized design of parallel beam-splitting prism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Peitao Zhao(赵培涛); Guohua Li(李国华)

    2004-01-01

    A large lateral shearing distance of parallel beam-splitting prism is often needed in laser modulation and polarization interference. In this letter, we present an optimized design of parallel beam-splitting prism and list some different cases in detail. The optimized design widens the use range of parallel beam-splitting prism. At the wavelength of 632.8 nm, the law that the enlargement ratio changes with the refractive index and the apex angle is verified.