WorldWideScience

Sample records for gdanski naantali kotka

  1. "Island Project" Gdanskis = "Island Project" in Gdansk / Leonhard Lapin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lapin, Leonhard, 1947-

    1995-01-01

    24.05.- 12.06.1994.a. toimus Poolas Gdanski linnas Baltimeremaade workshop ja näitus teemal "Islandi project". 22 arhitekti ja kunstnikku 10 riigist üritasid kas arhitektuursete või kujutava kunsti vahenditega leida lahendusi linna keskel jões paiknevale Wyspa saarele kultuurikeskkonna rajamiseks

  2. Kultuurilaev "Adventure" Tallinna ja Kotka sadamas / Juta Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kivimäe, Juta, 1952-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti kirjanikud, muusikud ja kunstnikud Kotkas kultuuriüritusel "Adventure". Jaan Elkeni kureeritud kolmest kunstinäitusest üldnimega "Tallinn-Kotka. Kaksteist Tallinna kunstnikku Kotkas" (osalejad loetletud), Matti Variku tehtud Lenini monumendist Kotkas, meenutusi eesti kunstnike varasematest Kotka-näitustest

  3. Palvelumallin jalkauttaminen ravintolaan : case : Amarillo Kotka

    OpenAIRE

    Lempinen, Milla

    2012-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö käsittelee S-ryhmän uutta palvelumallia, ja sen jalkauttamista ruokaravintolaan. Työn toimeksiantaja on Osuuskauppa Ympyrän toimipaikka Amarillo Kotka, joka koki uudistuksen syksyllä 2011. Laajentuvien asiakaspaikkojen ja suurentuvien volyymien myötä ravintola otti käyttöön uuden palvelumallin, jonka palveluprosessin eri työtehtävät on jaettu vuorossa toimiville työntekijöille. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena on kuvata sujuvaa perehdytystä ja kertoa erilaisista keinoista jalk...

  4. Sillamäe-Kotka laevaliin läheb kinni / Erik Gamzejev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gamzejev, Erik, 1967-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 18. okt. 2007, lk. 1,3. Saaremaa Laevakompanii tütarfirma Narva Line OÜ teatas Sillamäe-Kotka laevaliini sulgemisest, peamiseks põhjuseks Vene partneritega edutult lõppenud läbirääkimised Vene territoriaalvete pärast. Samas uurib Soome firma Stella Lines samale liinile oma laeva toomist

  5. Sillamäe-Kotka laevaliikluse taastamise kohal ripub küsimärk / Erik Gamzejev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gamzejev, Erik, 1967-

    2008-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 2. apr., lk. 4. Kuigi Soome laevafirma Stella Company Group kavatses mais alustada reisilaevaliiklust Sillamäe ja Kotka sadama vahel, on plaani elluviimine takerdunud laeva rentimise tõttu

  6. Täna avatakse Kotkas Eesti nüüdiskunsti näitused

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Eksponeeritud John Smithi uued poliitilised tõlgendused "Brezhnev", "Hitler" ja "Holocaust", Mare Mikofi "Ene" (2003). Näitusel esinevast 12 kunstnikust 7 (Kaido Ole, Mari Roosvalt, Leonhard Lapin, Hannes Starkopf, Jaan Toomik, Vergo Vernik, Jaan Elken) kuulub rühmitusse Ruum 312A. Kotka linnaraamatukogus on eksponeeritud Rait Rosina ja Helina Loidi maalid, Haukkavuori vaatlustornis on Ly Lestbergi isikunäitus "Elysion" ja tema uus video

  7. Kotka ecopower IGCC-project, the attempt to transfer the biocycle project to Finland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salo, K.

    1998-01-01

    The Danish utilities Elsam and Elkraft planned to build a small (7 MW e ) IGCC-plant in Denmark, called Biocycle Project, based on the gasification and gas clean-up technology of Enviropower Inc. EU/THERMIE program committed to finance part of the investment. The project, however, was not feasible due to the difficulty of finding a suitable customer and sufficient amount of reasonably priced biomass. For this reason a new host and site was found for the Biocycle project. The new site was in Kotka, Finland, where Kotka Energy Ltd., the Energy Board of the City of Kotka acted as the main partner. The fuel of the IGCC project would have been sugar mill wood residue from Xyrofin Inc. During the feasibility investigation (project definition phase) Xyrofin Inc. made the decision to change the production process which eliminated the wood waste production. Without no-cost fuel and due to the low electricity price in Finland the small size IGCC power plant proved not to be feasible. (author)

  8. Kunda ja Sillamäe võistlevad reisisadama tiitli nimel Kotka liinil / Erik Müürsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müürsepp, Erik

    2007-01-01

    Soome firma Stella Company tahab taasavada Kotka laevaliini Virumaa sadamaga. Kui Sillamäe sadamal on olemas infrastruktuur turismilaevade jaoks, siis Kundasse oleks teekond poole lühem, samas kuluks sadamakai ehitustöödele umbes pool aastat

  9. Laps vajab veel riigi toetust / Kalev Kotkas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotkas, Kalev, 1960-

    2001-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Virumaa Teataja, 5. sept. 2001, lk. 7; Meie Maa, 5. sept. 2001, lk. 4; Lääne Elu, 6. sept. 2001. lk. 4; Valgamaalane, 6. sept. 2001, lk. 2; Koit, 6. sept. 2001, lk. 6; Nädaline, 13. sept. 2001, lk. 4; Vooremaa, 20. sept. 2001, lk. 4; Sakala, 26. sept. 2001, lk. 2; Järva Teataja, 27. sept. 2001, lk. 2. Lastega perede toetamisest. Autor: Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad. Parlamendisaadik

  10. Tõde selgub võrdluses / Kalev Kotkas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotkas, Kalev, 1960-

    2001-01-01

    Vastukaja M. Treiali art. "Sotisaalhoolekande seaduse muudatustest", Vooremaa 11. okt. 2001, lk. 2. Autor: Rahvaerakond Mõõdukad. Parlamendisaadik. Ilmunud ka: Valgamaalane (2001) 27. okt., lk. 2 ; Põhjarannik (2001) 26. okt., lk. 2 ; Hiiu Leht (2001) 19. okt., lk. 2 ; Koit (2001) 20. okt., lk. 6 ; Meie Maa (2001) 23. okt., lk. 2

  11. Mis saab Eesti maaelust 2013. aastal? / Kalev Kotkas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotkas, Kalev, 1960-

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Nädaline, 14. juuli 2007, lk. 5; Meie Maa, 13. juuli 2007, lk. 2; Järva Teataja, 17. juuli 2007, lk. 2; Valgamaalane, 17. juuli 2007, lk. 2; Hiiu Leht, 17. juuli 2007, lk. 2; Põhjarannik, 13. juuli 2007, lk. 3; Severnoje Poberezhje, 13. juuli 2007, lk. 3; Sõnumitooja, 18. juuli 2007, lk. 2; Pärnu Postimees, 19. juuli 2007, lk. 15; Lääne Elu, 19. juuli 2007, lk. 2; Võrumaa Teataja, 17. juuli 2007, lk. 2; Virumaa Teataja, 20. juuli 2007, lk. 11; Vooremaa, 19. juuli 2007, lk. 2; Sakala, 25. juuli 2007, lk. 2. Autor arutleb maaelu arengukava 2007-2013 meetmete võimaluse üle põllumajanduse konkurentsivõimet parandada ning hoiatab riigikontrolli maaelu käsitleva auditi ja selles prognoositavate majandusraskuste võimalike kaasmõjude eest noorte elukutsevalikule

  12. BSR-kotkas läks lendu / Toomas Jüriado

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jüriado, Toomas, 1947-

    2005-01-01

    Hiiu maavalitsuse arendusnõunik Reet Kokovkin asus juhtima Euroopa piiriülese koostöö programmi Interreg IIIB rahastatavat Läänemere piirkonna keskkonnahariduse projekti BSR Eagle, mis tegeleb loodushariduse ja looduse õpetamise arendamisega Läänemere ääres

  13. Laevafirma võib avada Kotka-Kunda liini / Kadri Haavajõe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Haavajõe, Kadri

    2007-01-01

    Soome laevafirma Stella Company Group plaanib järgmisel aastal avada uue laevaliini, mis suunduks Kotkast Eesti põhjarannikule. Peamiselt Saksamaa, Soome ja Peterburi vahel kaubavedudega tegelev ettevõte plaanib 2008. aastal alustada ka reisiliiklusega

  14. Pudivere sõdib kotka eest ja karjääri vastu / Tanel Mazur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mazur, Tanel, 1971-

    2008-01-01

    Põltsamaa valla Pudivere ja teiste ümberkaudsete külade elanikud kardavad, et kavandatav dolokivikaevandus rikub nende kaevuvee, häirib igapäevast elu ja peletab minema kaitsealuse väike-konnakotka. Kommenteerib Kotkaklubi Jõgevamaa ekspert Joosep Tuvi

  15. Lendab nagu kotkas üle maailmas kogutud tarkuse / Richard Aroksaar ; intervjueerinud Ene Riet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aroksaar, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Intervjuu eestlase Richard Aroksaarega, kes õppinud psühholoogiat ja raamatukogundust, töötab USA Rahvusparkide Ühenduse raamatukogus (National Park Service Library, NPS) süsteemi raamatukoguhoidja ja administraatorina

  16. Slon Orlu ne tovarishtsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Venemaa rahvusliku filmikunsti ja -teaduste akadeemia auhinnad "Kuldne Kotkas" ("Zolotoi Orjol") ja Venemaa filmikriitikute gildi auhinnad "Valge Elevant" 2007.a. filmide eest. Kahe kinoakadeemia konkurentsist, kus nö "Mihhalkovi omad" saavad Kuldse Kotka auhindu

  17. PREPARING A MARKETING STRATEGY

    OpenAIRE

    Grönholm, Eija

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this thesis was to prepare a marketing strategy for Living City Centre of Kotka Association. The work was implemented with the members of the association and the executive director Reijo Saksa. Living City Centre of Kotka Association was founded in spring 2006 for promoting living, enjoyable and safe centers in the City of Kotka. The association has two permanent employees. The main duties are managing the Kotka market places and promoting the stakeholder connections betw...

  18. Gümnasistid kipuvad kooli kõrvalt tööle / Kaarel Kotkas, Mariliis Kaul, Helis Toiger, Elar Toomsalu ; küsitlenud Madde Rebane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Intervjuu Pärnu gümnaasiumiõpilaste Kaarel Kotkasega Hansagümnaasiumist, Mariliis Kauliga Koidula Gümnaasiumist, Helis Toigeriga Ülejõe Gümnaasiumist ja Elar Toomsaluga Sütevaka Humanitaargümnaasiumist

  19. Kartulisortide pikaajaline säilitamine in vitro ja säilikute kasutamise võimalused nišitoodeteks / Viive Rosenberg, Katrin Kotkas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Viive, 1943-

    2015-01-01

    In vitro säilitamine võimaldab koguda sorte ja rahvaaretisi, neid pikaajaliselt säilitada väliskeskonna mõjutuste eest kaitstuna ning tagab võimaluse säilikuid paljundada ja kasvatada gurmeesortidena turustamiseks

  20. Muusikamaailm : Külluslik ooperisuvi Londonis. Dirigent Carlos Kleiber ئ 70. Soome festivalid helisevad / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2000-01-01

    Peterburi Maria Teatri ooperitrupi külalisetendustest Londonis Covent Gardenis. Lühidalt C. Kleiberist. Festivalidest Soomes ئ Ilmajoe muusikapidustustest, Naantali 21. festivalist, Avanti! festivalist Porvoos, Korsholmi festivalist, Savonlinna ooperifestivalist

  1. Põhjanaabrite minimalism ja looduslähedus / Ülle Grishakov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Grišakov, Ülle, 1953-

    2006-01-01

    Soome aiakujundusest. Aedadest pikemalt Kultaranta aiast Naantalis, Turu lähedal asuvast Alvar Aalto projekteeritud Villa Mairea looduslähedasest aiast, kuhu valge mööbli kavandas Aino Aalto. 15 värv. ill

  2. Nashe vremja nuzhdajetsja v Gamlete / Борис Тух

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тух, Борис, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    Poola linnas Gdanskis toimunud VIII rahvusvahelisest Shakespeare'le pühendatud teatrifestivalist ja konverentsist. Theatrum mängis 2. ja 3. aug. festivali raames oma lavastust "Hamlet" L. Petersoni lavastuses

  3. Eesti kunst poola silmade kaudu / Heie Treier

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Treier, Heie, 1963-

    2002-01-01

    Poolas Gdanski Laznia keskuses avatud eesti kunsti suurnäitusest, mille koostas Malgorzata Lisiewizc, kes võttis näituse komplekteerimise keskseks märksõnaks "keha". Osaleb 30 kunstnikku, ilmus kataloog. Eksponaatide saatetekstidest

  4. "Hamlet" rändab Gdanskisse

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    Theatrum mängib 2. ja 3. aug. Gdanskis rahvusvahelise Shakespeare'i - festivali raames oma lavastust "Hamlet". Theatrumi kunstiline juht L. Peterson annab Poola teatrikoolide üliõpilastele ka meistriklassi

  5. Theatrum sõidab Gdanskisse Shakespeare'i festivalile / Margit Tõnson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tõnson, Margit, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Theatrum mängib 2. ja 3. aug. Gdanskis rahvusvahelise Shakespeare'i - festivali raames oma lavastust "Hamlet". Theatrumi kunstiline juht L. Peterson annab Poola teatrikoolide üliõpilastele ka meistriklassi

  6. "Eesti aeg" / Sirje Helme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Helme, Sirje, 1949-

    2002-01-01

    Välismaal avatakse kolm eesti kaasaegse kunsti näitust : Taxispalais' galeriis Innsbruckis ("The Baltic Times"), Budapestis Ludwigi muuseumis ("Breath") ja Gdanskis Laznia ("Closing the Distance") palees. Galeriide ja muuseumide tutvustus, eksponeeritavate kunstnike osaline loetelu

  7. Õiguspärane sundvõõrandamine rahvusvahelises õiguses ning maagaasiseaduse ja majandustegevuse seadustiku üldosa seaduse muutmise seaduse eelnõus : [magistritöö] / Kristjan Kotkas ; Tartu Ülikool, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Maarja Torga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kotkas, Kristjan

    2012-01-01

    Sundvõõrandamisest ja selle lubatavusest rahvusvahelises õiguses, eelnõus toodud meetmete analüüsist rahvusvahelise õiguse taustal, õiguspärase sundvõõrandamise tingimuste olemasolust eelnõus

  8. Berman ostis Soomes laevatehase / Toivo Tänavsuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tänavsuu, Toivo

    2007-01-01

    BLRT Grupi suuromanik Fjodor Berman sai Põhja-Euroopa ühe suurima laevaremonditehase, Naantalis asuva Turku Repair Yardi omanikuks; tehingu hinda ei avalikustatud. Turku Repair Yardist, BLRT laevaehituse viimisest Leetu. Tabel: Bermani äri kiire kasv. Lisad: Fjodor Berman käib iga päev kodus lõunal; BLRT verstapostid

  9. BLRT ostis Läänemere suurima laevaremontija / Lauri Linnamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnamäe, Lauri

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Postimees : na russkom jazõke, 7. juuni 2007, lk. 5. Laevatehas BLRT Grupp ostis Läänemere suurima kuivdokiga Soome laevaremonditehase, Naantalis asuva Turku Repair Yard Ltd, mis teeb BLRT-st piirkonna ühe suurima laevaremontija. Lisa: Mis on BLRT?

  10. Aktjorõ iz filma "12" sõgrali "lutshshuju muzhskuju pol"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Venemaa rahvusliku filmikunsti ja -teaduste akadeemia auhinnad "Kuldne Kotkas" ("Zolotoi Orjol") 2007.a. filmide eest. Peaauhinna sai Nimita Mihhalkovi "12". Seejuures sai parima meesnäitleja auhinna kogu filmitrupp - 12 näitlejat. Nimetatud ka teised auhinnasaajad

  11. Microsoft loob Eestis arenduskeskuse / Lauri Linnamäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnamäe, Lauri

    2008-01-01

    Tarkvaraettevõte Microsoft rajab Eestisse arenduskeskuse, mis peaks koguma Eesti parimad e-lahendused ja tegema need kättesaadavaks Microsofti partneritele. Microsoft Eesti juhi Rain Laane, Wemedia juhi Taavi Kotka ja regionaalminister Siim-Valmar Kiisleri arvamusi

  12. Eldar Rjazanov obezglavil "Niku"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Venemaa kinokunsti akadeemia "Nike" president Eldar Rjazanov loobub sel aastal ametist. Probleeme filmiauhinna "Nike" väljaandmisega, konkurentsiga N. Mihhalkovi juhitud "Kuldse Kotka" auhinna väljaandjatega

  13. Eesti Põlevkivi aitab kotkastele GPS-saatjad selga / Külli Kriis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kriis, Külli, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Vt. ka Severnoje Poberezhje 2. aug. Kotkaklubi eestvõttel ning Eesti Põlevkivi ja riigimetsa majandamise keskuse toetusel püstitatakse Narva karjääri taastatud alale kolm kotka pesapuud ning varustatakse kaks konnakotkast GPS-saatjatega

  14. Kuritegevus kui ühiskondlik probleem / Hurma Kiviloo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiviloo, Hurma

    1996-01-01

    Kriminaalpreventsiooni Nõukogu korraldatud üleriigiline nõupidamine, 15. mai 1996. Ettekanded: T. Vähi, P. Varul, M. Rask, J. Laaniste. Sõnavõtud: Ü. Kotkas, V. Veskiväli, J. Sootak, J. Ilvest, I. Meelak

  15. Via Hanseatica tõotab tulevikus maakonna idaosale uut arenguruumi / Andres Loorand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loorand, Andres, 1969-

    2005-01-01

    Jõgeva-, Ida-Viru-, Tartu- ja Valgamaa ning sihtasutuse Lõuna-Eesti Turism ning siseministeeriumi esindajad arutasid Via Hanseatica projekti arendustegevust. Tegemist on Lübeckist algava, läbi Gdanski, Kaliningradi ja Riia Eestini jõudva ning Valga, Elva, Tartu, Mustvee, Jõhvi ja Narva kaudu Peterburini ulatuva transpordikoridoriga, mis ühendab Põhja-Saksamaad Loode-Venemaaga

  16. Performance'is peab kõigel olema tähendus / Signe-Fideelia Roots

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roots, Fideelia-Signe, 1976-

    2006-01-01

    "Port Performance'i" workshop Gdanskis ajaloolises Stocznia laevatehases 7.-12. VIII. Idee autorid ja korraldajad olid performance'i-kunstnikud BBB Johannes Deimling (sünd. 1969) ja Angelika Fojtuch (sünd. 1978). Osalesid kunstiakadeemiate üliõpilased Saksamaalt, Inglismaalt, Šveitsist, Poolast ja Eestist (Signe-Fideelia Roots)

  17. Raimo Pullat kohtus Lech Wałesaga / Harda Roosna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roosna, Harda, 1956-

    2014-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli emeriitprofessor Raimo Pullat kohtus Poola ekspresidendi Lech Wałesaga Gdanski tehnikakõrgkooli 110. aastapäeva pidustustel, kuhu ta oli kutsutud kui peatselt valmiva teose "Värav tulevikku. Ganzigi Tehnikakõrgkool Eesti haritlaskonna kujunemisloos 1904-1939" autor

  18. JPRS Report, East Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-07-19

    environmental pollution in the environs of Bic- Mobiusz Meat Processing Enterprise, and the Budapest ske-Obarok. The case of pollution was called to the Chemical...POLITYKA 16 Jun] ....... 4 "Krakow Appeal " Intellectuals, Political Stance Ridiculed [TYGODNIK GDANSKI 24 Jun] ......... 5 Students Create New...forever in these regions. Education Minister Lajos Demeny in Marosvasar- hely...." From the standpoint of the continued effective and rational workings

  19. "Орел" предпочел Попогребскому Учителя / Борис Тух

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тух, Борис, 1946-

    2011-01-01

    Nimetati Venemaa Rahvusliku Filmikunsti- ja -teaduste Akadeemia auhinna "Kuldne Kotkas" ("Золотой орел") võitjad. Artiklile lisatud "Kuldne Kotkas 2010" laureaadid. Kõige enam auhindu sai režissöör Aleksei Utšiteli film "Ääremaa" (Venemaa 2010), milles mängib olulist rolli näitlejanna Julia Peresild. Teiseks jäi (auhindade poolest) Aleksei Popogrebski film "Kuidas ma veetsin selle suve" (Venemaa 2010). Ka teistest auhinnatutest

  20. St. Ola sõitis Virumaa lipulaevana Soome / Gerli Romanovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Romanovitš, Gerli, 1977-

    2005-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 10. juuni lk 1,4. Parvlaev St. Ola alustas sõitu Sillamäelt Kotkasse, et viia Ida-Virumaa esindajad Kouvolas toimuvale messile, millest poole võtab enda alla Virumaa väljapanek. Järgmisel aastal käivitub Sillamäe-Kotka regulaarlaevaliin. Ida-Viru maavanema Ago Silde kommentaar

  1. Поступ слона и полёт орла сошлись на "Диком поле" / Борис Тух

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тух, Борис, 1946-

    2009-01-01

    Moskvas anti taas välja teineteisega konkureerivaid filmiauhindu "Kuldne Kotkas" ("Zolotoi Orjol") ja "Valge Elevant" ("Belõi Slon"). Seekord võitis mõlemad parima filmina Mihhail Kalatozišvili film "Metsik põld" ("Dikoje polje")

  2. Vihula otsib oma teed. Tagamõisa lugu 1990-1998 / Leila Pärtelpoeg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pärtelpoeg, Leila, 1927-

    1998-01-01

    Vihula tagamõisast, mida asuti taastama skandinaavia stiilis. 18. sajandil ehitatud hoone ennistustegevust asus juhtima AS 'Vihula'. Sisekujundaja Leila Pärtelpoeg. Eesmärgiks oli valmis teha hotell arvestamata 'tärnidiktaati'. Naeruväärse tasu eest tehti, mis suudeti. Olukorra muutumisest uue omaniku tulekul. Mantelkorstna põues oleva ruumi seinamaalingud ئ Järvi Kotkas.

  3. Tallink Silja AB juht Kadri Land : eelistan entusiastlikke eksimusi lõputule ja laisale halale / Kadri Land ; interv. Andres Reimer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Land, Kadri

    2008-01-01

    Tallink Silja AB juht vastab küsimustele, miks Tallink ei huvitu Sillamäe-Kotka või Saaremaa laevaliinist, mille poolest erineb Tallinki juhtimismeetod vana Silja omast, mida on eestlastel rootslastele õpetada, kas meie turismisektor suudab Eestit rootslastele ahvatlevaks muuta, miks Tallink Silja pole veel avanud Stockholm-Peterburi liini. Diagramm: Tallink Grupp

  4. "Nika" s mongolo-kazahskim aktsentom / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2008-01-01

    Venemaa filmiauhinna "Nika" võitis Sergei Bodrovi mängufilm "Mongol". Aleksandr Sokurov, Nikita Mihhalkov ja Vladimir Hotinenko ei lubanud oma filme auhindamisele esitada. Vastuoludest teise vene kinoakadeemia auhinna "Kuldne Kotkas" komiteega ning võõrfilmi Oscari mittemääramisest sel aastal Vene filmidele

  5. BBC ja HBO taaselustasid Rooma viletsuse ja hiilguse / Brigitta Davidjants

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Davidjants, Brigitta, 1983-

    2005-01-01

    12-osaline ajalooline kostüümidraama - seriaali Rooma impeeriumi ajast "Rooma" tootsid Ameerika tootja Home Box Office (HBO) ja inglaste BBC. Esimest osa "Varastatud kotkas" näitas HBO 28. augustil. Kolme esimese osa režissöör on Michael Apted, stsenaariumi eest vastutab Bruno Heller

  6. Üheksa aastat Redmondis, Microsoftis / Raigo Neudorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2008-01-01

    Ühe esimese eestlasena Microsofti peakontoris Redmondis töötanud tarkvaraspetsialist Targo Tennisberg asus Eestis tööle Webmedia arendusjuhina. Vt. samas: Microsoft kui suur rahvaste katel; Taavi Kotka: tegu on üliandeka inimesega. Webmedia juhatuse esimehe kommentaar; Panus Microsoft Office'i väljatöötamisse

  7. Soome suunab energia suhtele / Kristo Kiviorg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiviorg, Kristo

    2007-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Logistika i Transport 28. märts lk. 6-7. Ülevaade Soome olulisematest transiidisõlmpunktidest: Hamina sadam, Vaalimaa piiripunkt, Kotka sadam, Kouvula linn ja Lappeenranta linn. Kommenteerib Elina Petro. Lisad

  8. Key Factors in Smoking Cessation Intervention among 15-16-Year-Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heikkinen, Anna Maria; Broms, Ulla; Pitkaniemi, Janne; Koskenvuo, Markku; Meurman, Jukka

    2009-01-01

    The authors aimed to investigate factors associated with smoking cessation among adolescents after tobacco intervention. They examined smokers (n = 127) from one birth cohort (n = 545) in the city of Kotka in Finland. These smokers were randomized in 3 intervention groups the dentist (n = 44) and the school nurse (n = 42 groups), and a control…

  9. SLK soovib oma laevaliinile tax-free soodustust / Raigo Neudorf

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Neudorf, Raigo

    2005-01-01

    Saaremaa Laevakompanii juhatuse esimehe Tõnis Rihvki sõnul eeldaks Sillamäe-Kotka laevaliini tax-free staatus läbirääkimisi ja kokkuleppeid Venemaaga, et laev saaks peatuda Goglandi saarel. Rahandusministeeriumi selgitus laevapoodides müüdava kauba maksustamise kohta

  10. New concept for condition management of plants as a result of the KUNTO project. New operations approach reduces costs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McNiven, U.; Tamminen, L.

    1998-07-01

    IVO Generation Services Ltd. has carried out a project at the IVO Naantali power plant to develop the plants condition management. The project defines critical and monitored components for each system. In addition, recommendations for further action, investment proposals and suggestions for changes in maintenance and operations practices were supplied for the various systems in the plant. The systematic approach which was the result of the projects integrated into maintenance and operations practices where data collection and analysis is part of the routine. Up-to-date data is utilized in focusing maintenance and investments, in planning and reporting functions

  11. Harju Elekter väärtustab strateegilist partnerlust / Andres Aarma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aarma, Andres

    2003-01-01

    Autor kirjeldab elektriseadmete ja -materjalide tootja, ettevõtte Harju Elekter edu põhjuseid läbi olulisemate strateegiliste juhtimisotsuste, personalijuhtimise, tootmise ning toodangu turustamise. Kommenteerivad Sander Danil, Jako Kotkas, Andres Vainola, Rein Siim ja Triin Palge. Diagrammid: Harju Elektri käive, eksport ja kasum, turud käibe järgi, tegevusalad käibe järgi. Skeemid: Harju Elektri tütar- ja sidusettevõtted, organisatsiooni struktuur. Vt. samas intervjuud Harju Elektri nõukogu esimehe Endel Pallaga; Harju Elektri kontsern täna. Lisad: Harju Elektri olulisemad koostöölepingud, laenude tagatised ja panditud vara

  12. A logistics professional

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jaeaeskelaeinen, A.

    1998-01-01

    Finland's oil, chemicals, and energy company, Neste, has achieved an enviable standard of logistics serving the markets around the Baltic Rim. Neste's safe and efficient transportation services are handled by its own fleet of tankers, time-chartered vessels, contract road tankers, and rail. Neste's terminals play an important part in the company's logistics network. The company operates four terminals of its own in Finland, and works with other oil companies at three of their terminals. Neste's own terminals are located at the company's refineries at Porvoo and Naantali, and at Kokkola and Kemi on the Gulf of Bothnia. Outside Finland the completion of a new terminal at Riga in Latvia, to enhance the logistics services provided to Neste's network of service stations and direct sales customers in the Baltic countries. This joins a terminal at Muuga near Tallinn in Estonia, which has been operational for some five years. Construction work began on a terminal in St. Petersburg in December 1997 to serve customers in the St. Petersburg and Vyborg areas. Completion is scheduled for autumn 1999

  13. Keegi ei tea mu nime : [luuletused] / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2002-01-01

    Tõlgitud Veiko Märka luulekogust "Tühja aju korinad". Sisu: Keegi ei tea mu nime = Kukaan ei tiedä mun nimee ; "Kui ma kuulen sõnu..." = "Kun kuulen ilmauksen..." ; "Esimese..." = "Ensimmäisenä..." ; "Igal hommikul..." = "Joka aamu..." / tlk. Hannu Oittinen. Väike perenaine = Pikku perheenäiti / tlk. Hannu Oittinen ja Tuglas-seuran kääntäjäpiiri. Progressi triumf : (Poeem) = Kehityksen voitto : (Runoelma) / tlk. Hannu Oittinen. Minimalistlikud muinasjutud = Minimalistisia satuja / tlk. Heli Laaksonen ja Hannu Oittinen. Kõige turvalisem seks = Turvallisinta seksiä ; Abistame Aafrikat! = Autetaan Afrikkaa! ; "Taome..." = "Taotaan..." ; "Edasi..." = "Eteenpäin..." ; "Isegi juhus..." = "Edes sattuma..." ; "Miinus ja miinus..." = "Miinus ja miinus..." / tlk. Hannu Oittinen. Leijonien pakottaja ; Kotka ja Vaasa: Ystävyyskaupunkit

  14. Eesti Ekspressi singel 1. Eesti Ekspressi singel 2

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Kaheksa nädala jooksul ilmub koos Eesti Ekspressiga ajalehekioskitesse üks Eesti artisti singelplaat, esimene neist on Tõnis Mägi ja Noorkuu "Pühendus" (ilmub 23. okt. lehe vahel, a-capella esituses). Koos 30. okt. Ekspressiga ilmub tänavuse Superstaari konkurssi võitja Jana Kase esimene singel, rock-lugu "Leaving You For Me" (loonud Rootsis tegutsev laulukirjutajate-produtsentide tiim Tony Malm, Per Eklund, Fredrik Björk ja Martin Kesici, produtseerinud Alar Kotkas, Ilmar Laisaar, Pearu Paulus). Kõik singlid mängitakse ette Ekspressi raadiosaates "Magneet" neljapäeviti Kuku raadios algusega kell 13.00 ning kõik artistid esinevad singli ilmumispäeva õhtul telesaates "Värske Ekspress" neljapäeviti TV3-s algusega 21.30

  15. Eesti Ekspressi singel 2. Eesti Ekspressi singel 3

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Koos 30. okt. Eesti Ekspressiga ilmub tänavuse Superstaari konkurssi võitja Jana Kase esimene singel, rock-lugu "Leaving You For Me" (loonud Rootsis tegutsev laulukirjutajate-produtsentide tiim Tony Malm, Per Eklund, Fredrik Björk ja Martin Kesici, produtseerinud Alar Kotkas, Ilmar Laisaar, Pearu Paulus). 6. nov. ilmuva ajalehe vahel on metal-bändi Metsatöll singel "Merehunt" lisalooga "Alle-aa". Kõik singlid mängitakse ette Ekspressi raadiosaates "Magneet" neljapäeviti Kuku raadios algusega kell 13.00 ning kõik artistid esinevad singli ilmumispäeva õhtul telesaates "Värske Ekspress" neljapäeviti TV3-s algusega 21.30

  16. Vares ja kana : [valmid] / Ivan Krõlov ; tlk. Eduard Kansa, Mart Raud, Timotheos Kuusik, Johannes Semper, G. Õis, Arnold Tulik, Oskar Urgart, Jaan Kärner, Jakob Tamm, Erni Hiir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krõlov, Ivan, 1768(1769)-1844

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Vares ja Kana ; Moosekandid ; Vares ja Rebane ; Konn ja Härg ; Pirtsakas Näitsik ; Oraakel ; Rukkilill ; Tuli ja Metsatukk ; Hunt ja Talleke ; Pärdik ja Prillid ; Ahvid ; Tihane ; Eesel ; Kotkas ja Kanad ; Võimumees ja Mõttetark ; Koerte sõprus ; Kasujaotus ; Vaat ; Kvartett ; Teekäijad ja Koerad ; Hunt penilas ; Oja ; Rebane ja Mäger ; Rohutirts ja Sipelgas ; Luiskaja ; Kukk ja Pärlitera ; Jänes jahil ; Hunt ja Kägu ; Haug ja Kass ; Peremees ja Sulane ; Voor ; Elevant maavalitsejaks ; Eesel ja Ööbik ; Külamehe kimbatus ; Elevant ja Mops ; Hunt ja tema Kutsikas ; Kass ja Kokk ; Lõvi ja Sääsk ; Aednik ja Filosoof ; Haned ; Siga ; Vanamees ja kolm noorukit ; Kotkas ja Ämblik ; Lehed ja Juured ; Hunt ja Rebane ; Lohe ; Rästas ; Mehhaanik ; Trishka satter ; Tiik ja Jõgi ; Luik, Haug ja Vähk ; Erak ja Karu ; Mesilane ja Kärbsed ; Lõvi jahisaak ; Talupojad ja Jõgi ; Lilled ; Uudishimulik ; Kaastundlik Rebane ; Kogukonna koosolek ; Demjani kalasupp ; Tihane ja Tuvi ; Hiir ja Rott ; Peegel ja Ahv ; Sääsk ja Karjane ; Talupoeg ja Surm ; Hunt ja Karjased ; Lõvi ja Rebane ; Kamm ; Hunt ja Kurg ; Pilv ; Poiss ja Siug ; Maamees ja Siug ; Kägu ja Tuvike ; Kaks Vaati ; Töökas Karu ; Rebane ja Viinamarjad ; Karu võrgus ; Kirjamees ja Röövel ; Mölder ; Siga Tamme all ; Kärbes ja Mesilane ; Ämblik ja Mesilane ; Rebane ja Eesel ; Siug ja Talleke ; Ööbikud ; Peremes ja Lammas ; Kaks Külameest ; Kaks Koera ; Kass ja Ööbik ; Kalade tants ; Haug ; Habemenoad ; Hiired ; Hunt ja Kass ; Karjane ; Orav ; Damaskuse mõõk ; Koer ja Hobune ; Rebane ; Hundid ja Lambad ; Kägu ja Kukk

  17. A hypothetical severe reactor accident in Sosnovyj Bor, Russia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lahtinen, J.; Toivonen, H.; Poellaenen, R.; Nordlund, G.

    1993-12-01

    Individual doses and short-term radiological consequences from a hypothetical severe accident at the Russian nuclear power plant in Sosnovyj Bor were estimated for two sites in Finland. The sites are Kotka, located 140 km from the plant, and Helsinki, 220 km from the plant. The release was assumed to start immediately after the shutdown of the reactor (a 1000 MW RBMK unit) which had been operating at nominal power level for a long time. An effective release height of 500 m was assumed. The prevailing meteorological conditions during the release were taken to present the situation typical of the area (effective wind speed 9 m/s, neutral dispersion conditions). The release fractions applied in the study were of the same order as in the Chernobyl accident, i.e. 100% for noble gases, 60% for iodines, 40% for cesium and 1-10% for other radiologically important nuclides. The release was assumed to last 24 hours. However, half of the nuclides were released during the first hour. No attention was paid to the actual sequence of events that could lead to such release characteristics and time behaviour. The concentration and dose calculations were performed with a modified version of the computer code OIVA developed in Finnish Centre for Radiation and Nuclear Safety. Inhalation dose and external doses from the release plume and from the deposited activity were calculated for adults only, and no sheltering was considered. (11 refs., 4 figs., 6 tabs.)

  18. CCD camera eases the control of a soda recovery boiler; CCD-kamera helpottaa soodakattilan valvontaa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kinnunen, L.

    2001-07-01

    Fortum Technology has developed a CCD firebox camera, based on semiconductor technology, enduring hard conditions of soda recovery boiler longer than traditional cameras. The firebox camera air- cooled and the same air is pressed over the main lens so it remains clean despite of the alkaline liquor splashing around in the boiler. The image of the boiler is transferred through the main lens, image transfer lens and a special filter, mounted inside the camera tube, into the CCD camera. The first CCD camera system has been in use since 1999 in Sunila pulp mill in Kotka, owned by Myllykoski Oy and Enso Oyj. The mill has two medium-sized soda recovery boilers. The amount of black liquor, formed daily, is about 2000 tons DS, which is more than enough for the heat generation. Even electric power generation exceeds sometimes the demand, so the surplus power can be sold out. Black liquor is sprayed inside the soda recovery boiler with high pressure. The liquor form droplets in the boiler, the temperature of which is over 1000 deg C. A full-hot pile is formed at the bottom of the boiler after burning. The size and shape of the pile effect on the efficiency and the emissions of the boiler. The camera has operated well.

  19. Source-specific fine particulate air pollution and systemic inflammation in ischaemic heart disease patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siponen, Taina; Yli-Tuomi, Tarja; Aurela, Minna; Dufva, Hilkka; Hillamo, Risto; Hirvonen, Maija-Riitta; Huttunen, Kati; Pekkanen, Juha; Pennanen, Arto; Salonen, Iiris; Tiittanen, Pekka; Salonen, Raimo O; Lanki, Timo

    2015-01-01

    Objective To compare short-term effects of fine particles (PM2.5; aerodynamic diameter <2.5 µm) from different sources on the blood levels of markers of systemic inflammation. Methods We followed a panel of 52 ischaemic heart disease patients from 15 November 2005 to 21 April 2006 with clinic visits in every second week in the city of Kotka, Finland, and determined nine inflammatory markers from blood samples. In addition, we monitored outdoor air pollution at a fixed site during the study period and conducted a source apportionment of PM2.5 using the Environmental Protection Agency's model EPA PMF 3.0. We then analysed associations between levels of source-specific PM2.5 and markers of systemic inflammation using linear mixed models. Results We identified five source categories: regional and long-range transport (LRT), traffic, biomass combustion, sea salt, and pulp industry. We found most evidence for the relation of air pollution and inflammation in LRT, traffic and biomass combustion; the most relevant inflammation markers were C-reactive protein, interleukin-12 and myeloperoxidase. Sea salt was not positively associated with any of the inflammatory markers. Conclusions Results suggest that PM2.5 from several sources, such as biomass combustion and traffic, are promoters of systemic inflammation, a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. PMID:25479755

  20. Trees Outside Forests (TOF inventory as a tool for landscape analysis and support for territorial planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available During the FAO Expert Consultation on Global Forest Resources Assessment 2000 (Kotka - Finland 1996, the importance of Trees Outside Forests (TOF and the need for complete and detailed information about these stands were underlined for the first time. Since then and thanks to some pilot studies launched by FAO at the end of the ninenties, the international attention focused on three main topics: the definition of TOF and its classification (linear features, small woods, scattered and individual trees; the effective sampling methods to assess TOF, that are usually rare elements; the ecological role and the economic and social importance of TOF in industrialized and developing countries. Basing on these considerations, the sampling points of the second Italian National Forest Inventory (National Inventory of Forests and Carbon Sinks - INFC intercepting small woods or linear features were recorded. Consequently, the INFC provides information about a substantial portion of the TOF of the country. Thanks to the availability of these data, a specific study was undertaken, aimed at improving information on TOF features and their role in the landscape. The present paper reports on the first results of this study for four regions of the Central Italy (Lazio, Marche, Toscana and Umbria, where the TOF are particularly significant.

  1. Indoor radon measurements and radon prognosis for the province of Kymi, southeastern Finland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pennanen, M.; Maekelaeinen, I.; Voutilainen, A.

    1996-12-01

    The purpose of the regional radon prognosis is to classify areas with different levels of radon risk. The radon prognosis gives the percentages of future homes expected to have indoor radon concentrations exceeding the levels of 200 and 400 Bq/m 3 . It is assumed that no protection against the entry of radon is used in construction. In this study about 5900 indoor radon measurements made in single family houses, semi-detached houses and row houses were used. Data on the location, geology and construction of buildings were determined from maps and questionnaires. An empirical statistical model, the adjusted indoor radon measurements and geological data were used to assess the radon risk from soil and bedrock in different areas. The building sites of the province of Kymi were divided into thirteen sub-areas. The radon prognosis are calculated for the most radon-prone foundation types including 1) houses with a slab-on-grade and 2) houses with a basement or hillside houses with open stairwells between basement and first floor. The radon levels are generally greater in the western part of the area. The radon risk is highest in gravel-dominated esker areas in southwestern, western (in Pyhtaa, Kotka, Anjalankoski, litti, Valkeala) and central (Taipalsaari) parts of the area. The radon risk is also high in some bedrock and till areas, also in southwestern and western parts of the area. In these areas the level of 200 Bq/m 3 will be exceeded in 80 % of new houses. About half of the future houses in these areas will have indoor radon concentrations exceeding 400 Bq/m 3 . The radon risk is lowest in the eastern part of the province of Kymi in every soil type. In this area the level of 200 Bq/m 3 will be exceeded in 30 % of new houses. Below 10 % will exceed 400 Bq/m 3 . (orig.) (14 refs.)

  2. Mu isamaa on minu arm : [luuletused] / Lydia Koidula ; [Impressioonid]: Viiu Härm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koidula, Lydia, pseud., 1843-1886

    2004-01-01

    Sisu: Mu isamaa on minu arm! ; Eestimaa ; Eestimaa, su hiilgav rada ; Õpetus ; Veel! ; Ülesse unest! ; Ta aina sirgub usalduse rinnal ; Igatsus ; Isamaast ikka! ; Õige! ; Halasta! ; Teretus ; See on su isamaa! ; Üks ; Kaebus ; Kallim kingitus ; Eesti naine ; Kodu ; Miks sa nutad? ; Jutt ; Puhtad pihud ; Mul seisab meeles alati ; Ei jäänud ; Üht eesti laulu ; Mu isamaa, nad olid matnud ; Üksmeel ; Neid austa! ; Emajõe kaldal ; Eesti kotkas ; Sind surmani ; Tulge! ; Eesti muld ja eesti süda ; Sinu külge! ; Isamaa, usk, rahvas! ; Laulu sisu ; Tule! ; Teretus ; Jälle isamaa! ; Mõtted Toomemäel ; Ära looda, et sind usun ; Pühapäeva kellad ; Kosjakased ; Kaks selget silma ; Kõik muutunud ; Kase varjul kogemata ; Laulupisarad ; Kui ta teaks ; Kui vähe! ; Kadunud ; Laulu allikas ; Kaljukiri ; Näed kõrgeid pilvi - ; Ööbik ; Pikalt kiigub paadike ; Tee lahti! ; Aeg ; Ilu ; Noormehe igatsus ; Kolm sõna ; Hoia oma õnne! ; Kui sa kuulsid ; Igatsus ; Haual ; Kurtes ; Neiu kanga juures ; Hällilaul ; Õnn ; Südame põhjas ; Ülejäänud ; Puhkama ; Õhtul ; Lootus ; Lähedal ; Ema süda ; Saeveski ; Sügisemõtteid ; Kasepuu ; Kevade on sala tulnud ; Kuu ja künnilind ; Linnu lennul ; Ööbik ; Õhtu rahu ; Kuningas kevade ; Tühi pesa ; Järv ; Täis laulu ; Õhtu pühitsus ; Rüütli mõrsja ; Narva neitsi ; Akadeemik dr. F. J. Wiedemann'ile ; Sõber ; Palu andeks! ; Kuningatel kümme kinki ; Tasa, tasa! ; Küsimused ; Mälestus ; Koidula õnn ; Ümber ühe ilmakera; Ise ; Enne surma Eestimaale

  3. A retrospective study comparing outcomes of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair by scleral buckling and pars plana vitrectomy in Finland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sahanne S

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Sari Sahanne,1 Raimo Tuuminen,2 Jari Haukka,3 Sirpa Loukovaara4 1Department of Anesthesiology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, 2Department of Ophthalmology, Kymenlaakso Central Hospital, Kotka, 3Hjelt Institute, Faculty of Medicine, University of Helsinki, 4Unit of Vitreoretinal Surgery, Department of Ophthalmology, Helsinki University Central Hospital, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland Background: Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD is the most common form of retinal detachment and an ophthalmic emergency. Here, we compared outcomes of primary RRD eyes operated with conventional scleral buckling (SB with cryoretinopexy to those operated with standard pars plana vitrectomy (PPV. Methods: This is an institutional, retrospective, register-based, observational, comparative study. Based on the surgical procedure, 319 eyes of 319 patients were divided into two groups: SB plus cryotherapy (n=50 and PPV (n=269. Changes in intraocular pressure (IOP and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA were recorded at 30 days and reoperation rates within 180 days postoperatively. Results: Eyes operated with PPV had less reoperations within the first 180 days as compared with SB eyes (P=0.001, log-rank test; however, changes in IOP were more prominent (mean ± standard deviation: +8.1±8.8 vs. +4.4±7.0 mmHg, respectively; P=0.006. Changes in BCVA did not differ between the surgical procedures. Conclusion: PPV was associated with higher primary anatomic success rates and lower risk of reoperation but significant IOP elevation when compared to SB. These factors should be case-specifically considered when choosing treatment modality for primary RRD. Keywords: rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, vitrectomy, scleral buckling

  4. Multilocus Variable-Number Tandem-Repeat Analysis, Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis, and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns in Discrimination of Sporadic and Outbreak-Related Strains of Yersinia enterocolitica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skurnik Mikael

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We assessed the potential of multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing for discriminating 104 sporadic and outbreak-related Yersinia enterocolitica (YE bio/serotype 3-4/O:3 and 2/O:9 isolates. MLVA using six VNTR markers was performed in two separate multiplex PCRs, and the fluorescently labeled PCR products were accurately sized on an automated DNA sequencer. Results MLVA discriminated 82 sporadic YE 3-4/O:3 and 2/O:9 strains into 77 types, whereas PFGE with the restriction enzyme NotI discriminated the strains into 23 different PFGE pulsotypes. The discriminatory index for a sporadic strain was 0.862 for PFGE and 0.999 for MLVA. MLVA confirmed that a foodborne outbreak in the city of Kotka, Finland in 2003 had been caused by a multiresistant YE 4/O:3 strain that was distinctly different from those of epidemiologically unrelated strains with an identical PFGE pulsotype. The multiresistance of Y. enterocolitica strains (19% of the sporadic strains correlated significantly (p = 0.002 with travel abroad. All of the multiresistant Y. enterocolitica strains belonged to four PFGE pulsotypes that did not contain any susceptible strains. Resistance to nalidixic acid was related to changes in codons 83 or 87 that stemmed from mutations in the gyrA gene. The conjugation experiments demonstrated that resistance to CHL, STR, and SUL was carried by a conjugative plasmid. Conclusions MLVA using six loci had better discriminatory power than PFGE with the NotI enzyme. MLVA was also a less labor-intensive method than PFGE and the results were easier to analyze. The conjugation experiments demonstrated that a resistance plasmid can easily be transferred between Y. enterocolitica strains. Antimicrobial multiresistance of Y. enterocolitica strains was significantly associated with travel abroad.

  5. Surveillance of environmental radiation in Finland. Annual Report 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mustonen, R.

    2001-01-01

    , Finnish Meteorological Institute, FMI Observatory of Sodankylae, Southeast Finland Regional Environment Centre, North Ostrobothnia Regional Environment Centre, Lapland Regional Environment Centre, Southeast Finland Frontier Guard District, Lapland Frontier Guard District, Jyvaeskylae Airport, Rescue Centre of Kotka, Health Department of Helsinki/Maria Hospital, Tampere University Central Hospital, Lapland Central Hospital, Secondary school of Helsingin yhteislyseo, Secondary school of Korkalovaara in Rovaniemi and Valio Ltd. This report is addressed to all who are interested in environmental radioactivity in Finland. STUK delivers monitoring data also to the European Commission on regular basis, and this report is a summary of the results delivered to the Commission. (orig.)

  6. Surveillance of environmental radiation in Finland. Annual Report 2002

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mustonen, R.

    2003-01-01

    Meteorological Institute, the FMI Observatory at Sodankylae, the Southeast Finland Regional Environment Centre, the North Ostrobothnia Regional Environment Centre, the Lapland Regional Environment Centre, the Southeast Finland Frontier Guard District, the Lapland Frontier Guard District, Jyvaeskylae Airport, the Rescue Centre of Kotka, the Health Department of Helsinki/Maria Hospital, Tampere University Central Hospital, Lapland Central Hospital, the Secondary school Helsingin yhteislyseo, the Hatanpaeae Secondary school in Tampere, and the Korkalovaara Secondary school in Rovaniemi. This report is addressed to all who are interested in environmental radioactivity in Finland. STUK also delivers monitoring data to the European Commission on a regular basis, and this report is a summary of the results delivered to the Commission. The report is also available on STUK's home page; www.stuk.fi. (orig.)

  7. Surveillance of environmental radiation in Finland. Annual Report 2001

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mustonen, R.

    2002-01-01

    Forces, Finnish Meteorological Institute, FMI Observatory of Sodankylae, Southeast Finland Regional Environment Centre, North Ostrobothnia Regional Environment Centre, Lapland Regional Environment Centre, Southeast Finland Frontier Guard District, Lapland Frontier Guard District, Jyvaeskylae Airport, Rescue Centre of Kotka, Water works of Turku and Oulu. Health Department of Helsinki/ Maria Hospital, Tampere University Central Hospital, Lapland Central Hospital, Secondary school of Helsingin yhteislyseo, Secondary school of Hatanpaeae in Tampere, Secondary school of Korkalovaara in Rovaniemi. This report is addressed to all who are interested in environmental radioactivity in Finland. STUK delivers monitoring data also to the European Commission on regular basis, and this report is a summary of the results delivered to the Commission. The report is also available at the STUK's home pages www.stuk.fi. (orig.)

  8. Surveillance of environmental radiation in Finland. Annual Report 2003

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mustonen, R.

    2004-01-01

    Meteorological Institute, the FMI Observatory at Sodankylae, the Southeast Finland Regional Environment Centre, the North Ostrobothnia Regional Environment Centre, the Lapland Regional Environment Centre, the Southeast Finland Frontier Guard District, the Lapland Frontier Guard District, Jyvaeskylae Airport, the Rescue Centre of Kotka, the Health Department of Helsinki/Maria Hospital, Tampere University Central Hospital, Lapland Central Hospital, the Secondary school Helsingin yhteislyseo, the Hatanpaeae Secondary school in Tampere, and the Korkalovaara Secondary school in Rovaniemi. This report is addressed to all who are interested in environmental radioactivity in Finland. STUK also delivers monitoring data to the European Commission on a regular basis, and this report is a summary of the results delivered to the Commission. The report is also available on STUK's home page; www.stuk.fi. (orig.)

  9. Intravitreal bevacizumab injections versus dexamethasone implant for treatment-naïve retinal vein occlusion related macular edema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laine I

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Ilkka Laine,1–3 Juha-Matti Lindholm,1,2 Petteri Ylinen,1,4 Raimo Tuuminen1,2,5 1Helsinki Retina Research Group, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, 2Unit of Ophthalmology, Kymenlaakso Central Hospital, Kotka, Finland; 3Department of Automation and Electrical Engineering, Aalto University, Helsinki, Finland; 4Department of Ophthalmology, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland; 5The Insurance Centre, Patient Insurance Centre, Helsinki, Finland Purpose: To compare the short-term effects of three monthly intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB injections to single dexamethasone (DEX implantation in treatment-naïve patients with cystoid macular edema (CME secondary to branch (BRVO and central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO.Design: A retrospective single-center study.Subjects: A total of 135 eyes of 135 patients with BRVO (n=83 and CRVO (n=52.Methods: Changes in clinical parameters were recorded before treatment and at the first and third month after commencement of IVB (n=121 and DEX (n=14.Main outcome measures: Central retinal thickness (CRT, intraocular pressure (IOP, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA.Results: The baseline parameters were comparable between IVB and DEX groups. After the first month, CRT decreased by 131.3±42.9 µm in IVB and by 266.9±48.3 µm in DEX (mean ± SEM; p=0.047. IOP change was –0.29±0.39 mmHg in IVB and +3.70±2.34 mmHg in DEX (p=0.005. IOP elevation to ≥25 mmHg and ≥5 mmHg from the baseline was observed in two of the DEX- and in none of the IVB-treated eyes (p=0.010. After the third month, no differences regarding CRT and IOP were observed between the treatment modalities. Moreover, BCVA gain was comparable between IVB (0.37±0.05 logarithm of minimum angle of resolution [logMAR] units and DEX (0.33±0.30 logMAR units groups.Conclusion: DEX was associated with faster resolution of CME, but had greater probability for short-term IOP elevation when compared to IVB. After the third month, treatments were

  10. The use of local natural stone in construction of St. Petersburg region and south-east Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luodes, Hannu; Härmä, Paavo; Panova, Elena; Pirinen, Heikki; Selonen, Olavi

    2013-04-01

    A three-year project, started in 2012, "Efficient use of natural stone in the Leningrad region and South-East Finland", studies the use and durability of natural stone in the city environments in the Nordic climate and especially along the Eastern Baltic Sea coastline between Helsinki and St. Petersburg. The project is lead by the Geological Survey of Finland (GTK) and the partners in the project are Saimaa University of Applied Sciences from Finland and Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Petersburg Complex Geological Expedition" Russian together with Saint-Petersburg State University from the Russian Federation. As associates in this project are also natural stone companies from Finland, Ylämaa Group Oy and Palin Granit Oy. The project is co-funded by the European Union, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Finland through the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI). A great potential of natural stone that can be used in construction is located in the border zone between South-East Finland and the Leningrad region. Rapakivi granite from that area has been utilized for several important buildings worldwide since 18th century and the area holds still potential for future economic growth. The use of the stone particularly from this area is based on its visual expression and good properties with high durability and long life cycle that can be used as arguments in the future development. Strengthening of the knowledge of the material reserves in the area gives a long term basement for economic development. Special aim of the project is to promote the use of natural stone in the city construction, especially the use of left-over stone generated in the production. In the project the use of natural stone in larger cities from the 18th century until today including the towns St. Petersburg, Vyborg, Helsinki, Kuopio and Kotka will be reported. Also an analysis of the near future needs of natural stone (qualities and quantities) in reconstruction and

  11. Surveillance of environmental radiation in Finland. Annual Report 2004

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mustonen, R.

    2005-07-01

    previous years. The results are collected from monitoring programmes of STUK, FMI and the Defence Forces Research Institute of Technology. Nuclear power plant licensees are responsible for environmental surveillance in the vicinity of nuclear power plants in Finland. Those results are reported elsewhere. STUK's partners in surveillance of environmental radioactivity are collecting and delivering environmental samples for laboratory analyses, or are participating in whole-body counting. STUK would like to express its gratitude to the following institutions for the successful co-operation: Defence Forces, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Arctic Research Centre, Southeast Finland Regional Environment Centre, North Ostrobothnia Regional Environment Centre, Lapland Regional Environment Centre, Southeast Finland Frontier Guard District, Lapland Frontier Guard District, Jyvaeskylae Airport, Rescue Centre of Kotka, Water supply plants of Oulu and Turku, Valio Ltd., Health Department of Helsinki/Maria Hospital, Tampere University Central Hospital, Lapland Central Hospital, Secondary school of Helsingin yhteislyseo, Secondary school of Hatanpaeae in Tampere, and Secondary school of Korkalovaara in Rovaniemi. This report is addressed to all who are interested in environmental radioactivity in Finland. STUK delivers monitoring data also to the European Commission on regular basis, and this report is a summary of the results delivered to the Commission. The report is also available on the STUK's home pages www.stuk.fi. (orig.)