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Sample records for gas jo busshitsu

  1. UVIT view of ram-pressure stripping in action: Star formation in the stripped gas of the GASP jellyfish galaxy JO201 in Abell 85

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, K.; Poggianti, B. M.; Gullieuszik, M.; Fasano, G.; Bellhouse, C.; Postma, J.; Moretti, A.; Jaffé, Y.; Vulcani, B.; Bettoni, D.; Fritz, J.; Côté, P.; Ghosh, S. K.; Hutchings, J. B.; Mohan, R.; Sreekumar, P.; Stalin, C. S.; Subramaniam, A.; Tandon, S. N.

    2018-06-01

    Jellyfish are cluster galaxies that experience strong ram-pressure effects that strip their gas. Their Hα images reveal ionized gas tails up to 100 kpc, which could be hosting ongoing star formation. Here we report the ultraviolet (UV) imaging observation of the jellyfish galaxy JO201 obtained at a spatial resolution ˜ 1.3 kpc. The intense burst of star formation happening in the tentacles is the focus of the present study. JO201 is the "UV-brightest cluster galaxy" in Abell 85 (z ˜ 0.056) with knots and streams of star formation in the ultraviolet. We identify star forming knots both in the stripped gas and in the galaxy disk and compare the UV features with the ones traced by Hα emission. Overall, the two emissions remarkably correlate, both in the main body and along the tentacles. Similarly, also the star formation rates of individual knots derived from the extinction-corrected FUV emission agree with those derived from the Hα emission and range from ˜ 0.01 -to- 2.07 M⊙ yr-1. The integrated star formation rate from FUV flux is ˜ 15 M⊙ yr-1. The unprecedented deep UV imaging study of the jellyfish galaxy JO201 shows clear signs of extraplanar star-formation activity due to a recent/ongoing gas stripping event.

  2. Enwereji, J.O.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enwereji, J.O.. Vol 19, No 6 (2016) - Articles Morbidities, concordance, and predictors of preterm premature rupture of membranes among pregnant women at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Enugu, Nigeria Abstract PDF. ISSN: 1119-3077. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL.

  3. Mishima jo ha kyu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Casari

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract – IT La grandezza artistica di Mishima si è espressa attraverso una eterogenea gamma di linguaggi tra i quali il teatro – nella drammaturgia ma anche nella saggistica, regia, recitazione e direzione di compagnia – ha avuto un ruolo di primo piano. Al pari di un uomo di scena Mishima inaugura, a partire dagli anni ’50, un processo di attenzione al proprio corpo come possibile, anzi necessario, veicolo di estrinsecazione etico-estetica tanto da poter istituire l’equazione corpo-teatro quale snodo profondo del suo processo creativo. Il corpo sognato e ottenuto da Mishima attraverso l’addestramento nel kendo, in altre arti marziali e nel body building si conformava ad un ideale estetico di matrice greco-classica assai lontano dal corpo teatrale nipponico. Il corpo come luogo di elaborazione e strumento di espressione autentica da realizzare con impegno, però, lo legano profondamente alle esperienze nascenti – tra gli anni ’50 e ’60 – delle avanguardie teatrali giapponesi. La metafora teatrale è spesso usata nella lettura critica del Mishima uomo e artista con accezione deteriore: un personaggio che dà spettacolo di sé con ripetute provocazioni tra le quali il suicidio del 25 novembre 1970 non sarebbe che l’esempio ultimo e più estremo. La costruzione di sé come personaggio, invece, sembrerebbe corrispondere ad una ben più profonda e meditata necessità di comporre la propria vita in una sapiente messa in scena di classica perfezione: i principi della scansione ritmico formale del jo ha kyu, pilastro teorico del teatro no codificato da Zeami tra XIV e XV secolo, offrono un valido modello di riferimento. Abstract – EN Mishima’s artistic greatness has been expressed through a diverse range of languages among wich theater – in dramaturgy as well as in written essays, as a director, performer and in company direction – played a central role. As a true front-man, Mishima – starting from the 50’s

  4. Hazardous air pollutants; Yugai taiki osen busshitsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogata, A

    2000-02-14

    Hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) are chemical substances listed up since those have a fear of increasing carcinogenic danger even in a small quantity by a long-term exposure. In Europe and Japan, approximately 200 names of substances are known. Concretely, they are particulate substnaces such as floating dusts, gaseous inorganics such as fluorine compound and chroline gas, volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Among those, especially, 22 substances are cited as those that Japan tackles in priority. HAPs explained in this paper mean mostly VOCs such as benzene, tetrachloroethylene and trichloroethylene among those. (NEDO)

  5. The asteroid 2014 JO25

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vodniza, Alberto; Pereira, Mario

    2017-10-01

    The asteroid 2014 JO25 was discovered by A. D. Grauer at the Mt. Lemmon Survey on May 2014, and Joe Masiero used observations from the NEOWISE in 2014 to estimate a diameter of 650 meters [1]. However, using the radio telescope at Arecibo-Puerto Rico, astronomers obtained radar images on April 17-2017 and Edgar Rivera Valentín (scientist at Arecibo) said: “We found 2014 JO25 is a contact binary asteroid, two space rocks that were originally separate bodies, and each segment is about 640 meters and 670 meters, for a total of about 1.3 km long. Its rotation is of 3.5 hours” [2]. This asteroid flew past Earth on April 19 at a distance of about 4.6 lunar distances from the Earth. This was the closest approach by an asteroid since 4179 Toutatis. Toutatis flew past Earth on September 2004 at a distance of about 4 lunar distances from the Earth [3]. In April 12-2020 the asteroid will be at a minimum possible distance of 0.1617280 A.U from Earth [4]. From our observatory, located in Pasto-Colombia, we obtained a lot of pictures. Our data was published by the Minor Planet Center [5] and also appears at the web page of NEODyS [6]. Astrometry and photometry were carried out, and we calculated the orbital elements. We obtained the following orbital parameters: eccentricity=0.88454+/-0.00152, semi-major axis= 2.0573+/- 0.0216 A.U, orbital inclination=25.22+/-0.10 deg, longitude of the ascending node =30.6530+/-0.0032 deg, argument of perihelion=49.586+/-0.012 deg, mean motion = 0.33402+/-0.00527 deg/d, perihelion distance=0.237524+/-0.000644 A.U, aphelion distance=3.8770+/-0.0449 A.U, absolute magnitude =18.1. The parameters were calculated based on 164 observations. Dates: 2017 April: 22 to 24 with mean residual=0.22 arcseconds.The asteroid has an orbital period of 2.95 years.[1] https://echo.jpl.nasa.gov/asteroids/2014JO25/2014JO25_planning.html[2] http://earthsky.org/astronomy-essentials/large-asteroid-2014-jo25-close-april-19-2017-how-to-see[3] https

  6. FY 1998 annual report on the research on the possibility of introducing a usable chemical substance manufacturing system by utilizing natural gas containing CO2; CO{sub 2} gan'yu tennen gas den katsuyo ni yoru yuyo kagaku busshitsu seizo system donyu kanosei ni kansuru chosa kenkyu 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The trends of effective use of gas containing CO2 from natural gas fields are surveyed, and usable chemical substance manufacturing systems which utilize natural energy are investigated, evaluated and analyzed, to extract promising systems for effective use of CO2-containing natural gas and thereby to promote its effective use. Chapter 1 outlines possibility of integrated use of gas containing CO2 from natural gas fields and natural gas energy. Chapter 2 describes the research trends in the CO2 conversion reactions for using unexploited CO2 as the carbon source. Chapter 3 describes natural energy utilization technology applicable to gas containing CO2 from natural gas fields. Chapter 4 describes performance of chemical manufacturing systems utilizing natural gas containing CO2. The energy balances and CO2 emission coefficients are estimated, based on the above. The evaluation is implemented in the order of (1) conventional steam reforming, (2) steam reforming in which heat is supplied by a solar furnace, (3) examination of the exhaust gases from a methanol synthesis process, and (4) examination of CO2-mixed reforming. Chapter 5 describes summary and proposals. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1998 annual report on the research on the possibility of introducing a usable chemical substance manufacturing system by utilizing natural gas containing CO2; CO{sub 2} gan'yu tennen gas den katsuyo ni yoru yuyo kagaku busshitsu seizo system donyu kanosei ni kansuru chosa kenkyu 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The trends of effective use of gas containing CO2 from natural gas fields are surveyed, and usable chemical substance manufacturing systems which utilize natural energy are investigated, evaluated and analyzed, to extract promising systems for effective use of CO2-containing natural gas and thereby to promote its effective use. Chapter 1 outlines possibility of integrated use of gas containing CO2 from natural gas fields and natural gas energy. Chapter 2 describes the research trends in the CO2 conversion reactions for using unexploited CO2 as the carbon source. Chapter 3 describes natural energy utilization technology applicable to gas containing CO2 from natural gas fields. Chapter 4 describes performance of chemical manufacturing systems utilizing natural gas containing CO2. The energy balances and CO2 emission coefficients are estimated, based on the above. The evaluation is implemented in the order of (1) conventional steam reforming, (2) steam reforming in which heat is supplied by a solar furnace, (3) examination of the exhaust gases from a methanol synthesis process, and (4) examination of CO2-mixed reforming. Chapter 5 describes summary and proposals. (NEDO)

  8. FY 1999 report on the results of a feasibility study on a system for producing useful chemical substances by utilizing CO2-containing natural gas fields. II; 1999 nendo CO{sub 2} gan'yu tennen gas den katsuyo ni yoru yuyo kagaku busshitsu seizo system donyu kanosei ni kansuru chosa kenkyu. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The paper studied the solar energy use methanol synthesis using CO2 as raw material in the natural gas field with which a large quantity of CO2 is associated. This is a report on the FY 1999 survey. It was found that comparatively many natural gas fields containing CO2 exist also in Asia/Oceania regions. It was also found that when considering the climate and the transportation to Japan, Australia has more advantages in terms of the effective desert area, etc. and is the best site for solar system construction. Various solar concentrating/collecting methods now under development are roughly viewed to extract characteristics and developmental conditions. As to the reforming reaction furnace, it is necessary not only to absorb the world technology, but to develop Japan's original one. The conceptual design and assessment of the system were conducted. About the associated CO2, a limit of the concentration for use was estimated at 25%. In the study of elements of system structure, examined was the thermally combined simulation of heat flow and chemical reaction in the solar heat reaction furnace, and simple models were calculated and subjects were extracted. In a comparison with the conventional methanol synthesis method, this system was found to be excellent in conservation of fossil fuel resources and reduction in CO2 emissions. (NEDO)

  9. Síndrome antissintetase anti-Jo-1 Anti-Jo-1 antisynthetase syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Katsuyuki Shinjo

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Devido à escassez de estudos populacionais, apresentamos um estudo epidemiológico em síndrome antissintetase anti-Jo-1 (SAS. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Estudo coorte retrospectivo realizado em um centro de 1980 a 2010. Dados clínico-laboratoriais e demográficos foram obtidos dos prontuários médicos. Todos os pacientes preenchiam critério de Bohan e Peter (1975 e apresentavam anti-Jo-1, além de envolvimento articular, muscular e pulmonar. Dezoito pacientes com SAS anti-Jo-1 foram analisados. RESULTADOS: A média de idade ao início da doença foi de 39,9 ± 15,7 anos, e a média da duração da doença, 9,7 ± 7,0 anos. Todos os pacientes eram brancos, e 94,4% eram mulheres. Sintomas constitucionais ocorreram em metade dos casos. Envolvimento cutâneo e do trato gastrointestinal ocorreram, respectivamente, em 66,6% e 55,6% dos casos. Não houve casos de envolvimento neurológico ou cardíaco. Metade dos pacientes apresentava pneumopatia incipiente, opacidade em vidro-fosco e fibrose pulmonar basal. Houve um caso de tuberculose, três de herpes zoster e um linfoma não Hodgkin. Um óbito ocorreu devido ao choque séptico (broncopneumonia hospitalar. Todos os pacientes receberam prednisona (1mg/kg/dia e 12 (66,7% receberam pulsoterapia com metil prednisolona (1 g/dia, 3 dias. Diferentes imunossupressores foram utilizados como poupadores de corticosteroide, dependendo da tolerância, efeitos colaterais e/ou refratariedade da doença. Embora a recidiva da doença (clínica e/ou laboratorial tenha ocorrido em 87,5% dos casos, 12 dos 16 pacientes (75% estavam com a remissão da doença no desfecho do presente estudo. CONCLUSÃO: A maioria dos pacientes eram mulheres brancas e com alta taxa de recidiva da doença.OBJECTIVE: Given a lack of population-based studies, we report an epidemiological-clinic study of anti-Jo-1 antisynthetase syndrome (ASS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To study a retrospective cohort of a single-center from 1980 to 2010

  10. Te leven op duizend plaatsen. Jo Otten 1901-1940

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groenewegen, Rob

    2011-01-01

    In the period between the world wars the Rotterdam author Jo Otten revealed a view of the world in his writings that can be called fairly unique in Dutch literature. The first fruits of Otten's pen were born during his education, when he studied Trade Economics. These are texts steeped in a

  11. Jo Ann Baumgartner and Sam Earnshaw: Organizers and Farmers

    OpenAIRE

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    Jo Ann Baumgartner directs the Wild Farm Alliance, based in Watsonville, California. WFA’s mission, as described on the organization’s website, is “to promote agriculture that helps to protect and restore wild Nature.” Through research, publications, presentations, events, policy work, and consulting, the organization works to “connect food systems with ecosystems.” Sam Earnshaw is Central Coast regional coordinator of the Community Alliance with Family Farmers. Working with CAFF’s f...

  12. Japan's healthcare policy for the elderly through the concepts of self-help (Ji-jo), mutual aid (Go-jo), social solidarity care (Kyo-jo), and governmental care (Ko-jo).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudo, Kyoko; Kobayashi, Jun; Noda, Shinichiro; Fukuda, Yoshiharu; Takahashi, Kenzo

    2018-03-18

    Elderly care is an emerging global issue threatening both developed and developing countries. The elderly in Japan increased to 26.7% of the population in 2015, and Japan is classified as a super-aged society. In this article, we introduce the financial aspects of the medical care and welfare services policy for the elderly in Japan. Japan's universal health insurance coverage system has been in place since 1961. Long-term care includes welfare services, which were separated from the medical care insurance scheme in 2000 when Japan was already recognized as an aging society. Since then, the percentage of the population over 65 has increased dramatically, with the productive-age population on the decrease. The Japanese government, therefore, is seeking to implement "The Community-based Integrated Care System" with the aim of building comprehensive up-to-the-end-of-life support services in each community. The system has four proposed elements: self-help (Ji-jo), mutual aid (Go-jo), social solidarity care (Kyo-jo), and government care (Ko-jo). From the financial perspective, as the government struggles against the financial burdens of an aging population, they are considering self-help and mutual aid. Based on Japan's present situation, both elements could lead to positive results. The Japanese government must also entrust the responsibility for implementing preventive support to municipalities through strongly required regional autonomy. As Japan has resolved this new challenge through several discussions over a long period of time, other aging countries could learn from the Japanese experience of solving barriers to healthcare policy for the elderly.

  13. Kes võidavad Euroopa Põhiseaduse lepingust? / Jo Leinen

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Leinen, Jo

    2005-01-01

    Jo Leinen on Euroopa Parlamendi põhiseaduskomisjoni esimees. Ilmunud ka Pärnu Postimees 14. jaan. 2005, lk. 15 ; Hiiu Leht 6. jaan. 2005, lk. 2 ; Sakala 14. jaan. 2005, lk. 2, artiklis pealkiri kujul: Euroopa põhiseaduse leping tuleb ellu äratada ; Õpetajate Leht 21. jaan. 2005, lk. 14, artiklis pealkiri kujul: Euroopa põhiseaduse lepingust ; Meie Maa 2. veeb. 2005, artiklis pealkiri kujul: Euroopa põhiseadusest võidavad kodanikud

  14. As narrativas de João da Filmadora

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Míriam Cristina Carlos Silva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é parte de uma pesquisa apoiada pela Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo. Apresenta-se o trabalho de João da Filmadora, um comunicador informal que, apesar de ter concluído apenas o primeiro ciclo do ensino fundamental, atua como um produtor informal na cidade de Campina do Monte Alegre, SP.  Suas sugestões de pautas chegam às mídias regionais, nacionais e internacionais. Os objetivos consistem em, a partir de entrevistas e da análise de narrativas, narrar, descrever, organizar e, assim, analisar parte das práticas que inserem as pautas de João da Filmadora nas narrativas midiáticas. O aporte teórico se faz a partir das discussões de Walter Benjamin, Muniz Sodré, Eduardo Meditsch, Felipe Simão Pontes e Gislene Silva. Conclui-se que João da Filmadora é um narrador contemporâneo que se apropriou tanto da linguagem dos meios quanto dos jargões dos profissionais da comunicação e que exerce seu papel de narrador, ciente do poder simbólico de suas narrativas.

  15. Os bordados de João Cândido João Cândido's embroideries

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    José Murilo de Carvalho

    1995-10-01

    Full Text Available Dois bordados, pela primeira vez revelados, feitos por João Cândido, servem de base para revisão e ampliação dos conhecimentos sobre a personalidade do mais conhecido lider da Revolta dos Marinheiros de 1910, também conhecida como a Revolta da Chibata. Os bordados permitem ainda esclarecer aspectos da vida cotidiana dos marinheiros da época.Now brought to light for the first time, two pieces of embroidery stitched by João Cândido provide the basis for revising and expanding knowledge about the personality of the most well-known leader of the 1910 Sailors' Revolt, also known as the Revolta da Chibata ("rebellion of the whip". These pieces also clarify aspects of sailors' day-to-day lives back at that time.

  16. GASP. II. A MUSE View of Extreme Ram-Pressure Stripping along the Line of Sight: Kinematics of the Jellyfish Galaxy JO201

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellhouse, C.; Jaffé, Y. L.; Hau, G. K. T.; McGee, S. L.; Poggianti, B. M.; Moretti, A.; Gullieuszik, M.; Bettoni, D.; Fasano, G.; D'Onofrio, M.; Fritz, J.; Omizzolo, A.; Sheen, Y.-K.; Vulcani, B.

    2017-07-01

    This paper presents a spatially resolved kinematic study of the jellyfish galaxy JO201, one of the most spectacular cases of ram-pressure stripping (RPS) in the GAs Stripping Phenomena in galaxies with MUSE (GASP) survey. By studying the environment of JO201, we find that it is moving through the dense intracluster medium of Abell 85 at supersonic speeds along our line of sight, and that it is likely accompanied by a small group of galaxies. Given the density of the intracluster medium and the galaxy’s mass, projected position, and velocity within the cluster, we estimate that JO201 must so far have lost ˜50% of its gas during infall via RPS. The MUSE data indeed reveal a smooth stellar disk accompanied by large projected tails of ionized ({{H}}α ) gas, composed of kinematically cold (velocity dispersion 100 km s-1) diffuse emission, that extend out to at least ˜ 50 {kpc} from the galaxy center. The ionized {{H}}α -emitting gas in the disk rotates with the stars out to ˜6 kpc but, in the disk outskirts, it becomes increasingly redshifted with respect to the (undisturbed) stellar disk. The observed disturbances are consistent with the presence of gas trailing behind the stellar component resulting from intense face-on RPS along the line of sight. Our kinematic analysis is consistent with the estimated fraction of lost gas and reveals that stripping of the disk happens outside-in, causing shock heating and gas compression in the stripped tails.

  17. Safety (management and technology). Safety of chemical materials; Anzen (manejimento to tekunoroji). Kagaku busshitsu no anzensei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshida, T. [Hosei Univ., Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

    1994-08-05

    In chemical materials there exist hazardous materials causing health damages, environmental pollution, fires and explosions. The hazard analysis has been noted as a means for preventing accidents due to chemical materials. This means leads to an effective method of recognizing hazard, evaluating the risk, and lowering the degree of hazard to an allowable level. This paper describes a hazard analysis of autoreactive materials, out of chemical materials causing fires and explosions, which may react by theirselves and cause accidents. In particular, an example is introduced in which this hazard analysis method is adapted to an experimental production of the next generation gas generating agent for automobile collision safety air-bags. In this manufacturing process, in kneading and granulating processes where lots of materials are handled, materials are used in a moistened state, thus countermeasures for preventing occurrence of combustion and explosion being taken. 5 refs., 2 figs., 4 tabs.

  18. [The shades of anti-Jo1 positive antisynthetase syndrome in a Hungarian cohort].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szabó, Katalin; Nagy-Vincze, Melinda; Bodoki, Levente; Hodosi, Katalin; Dankó, Katalin; Griger, Zoltán

    2016-04-10

    In idiopathic inflammatory myopathies, the presence of anti-Jo-1 antibody defines a distinct clinical phenotype (myositis, arthritis, interstitial lung disease, Raynaud's phenomenon fever, mechanic's hands), called antisynthetase syndrome. To determine the demographic data as well as clinical, laboratory and terapeutical features of anti-Jo1 positive patients, followed by the department of the authors. The medical records of 49 consecutive anti-Jo1 patients were reviewed. Demographic and clinical results were very similar to those published by other centers. Significant correlation was found between the anti-Jo-1 titer and the creatine kinase and C-reactive protein levels. Distinct laboratory results measured at the time of diagnosis of the disease (C-reactive protein, antigen A associated with Sjogren's syndrome, positive rheumatoid factor), and the presence of certain clinical symptoms (fever, vasculitic skin) may indicate a worse prognosis within the antisyntetase positive patient group. In the cases above more agressive immunosuppressive therapy may be required.

  19. Characterization and Peripheral Blood Biomarker Assessment of Jo-1 Antibody-Positive Interstitial Lung Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richards, Thomas J.; Eggebeen, Aaron; Gibson, Kevin; Yousem, Samuel; Fuhrman, Carl; Gochuico, Bernadette R.; Fertig, Noreen; Oddis, Chester V.; Kaminski, Naftali; Rosas, Ivan O.; Ascherman, Dana P.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives Combining clinical, radiographic, functional, and serum protein biomarker assessment, this study defines the prevalence and clinical characteristics of ILD in a large cohort of patients possessing anti-Jo-1 antibodies. Methods Clinical records, pulmonary function testing, and imaging studies determined the existence of ILD in anti-Jo-1 antibody positive (anti-Jo-1 Ab+) individuals accumulated in the University of Pittsburgh Myositis Database from 1982–2007. Multiplex ELISA of serum inflammatory markers, cytokines, chemokines, and matrix metalloproteinases in different patient subgroups then permitted assessment of serum proteins associated with anti-Jo-1 Ab+ ILD. Results Among 90 anti-Jo-1 Ab+ individuals with sufficient clinical, radiographic, and/or pulmonary function data, 77 (86%) met criteria for ILD. While computerized tomography scans revealed a variety of patterns suggestive of underlying UIP or NSIP, review of histopathologic abnormalities in a subset (n=22) of individuals undergoing open lung biopsy demonstrated a preponderance of UIP and DAD. Multiplex ELISA yielded statistically significant associations between Jo-1 Ab+ ILD and elevated serum levels of CRP, CXCL9, and CXCL10 that distinguished this subgroup from IPF and anti-SRP Ab+ myositis. Recursive partitioning further demonstrated that combinations of these and other serum protein biomarkers can distinguish these subgroups with high sensitivity and specificity. Conclusion In this large cohort of anti-Jo-1 Ab+ individuals, the incidence of ILD approaches 90%. Multiplex ELISA demonstrates disease-specific associations between Jo-1 Ab+ ILD and serum levels of CRP as well as the IFN-γ-inducible chemokines CXCL9 and CXCL10, highlighting the potential of this approach to define biologically active molecules contributing to the pathogenesis of myositis-associated ILD. PMID:19565490

  20. Typography of Jože Plečnik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klementina Možina

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTPurpose: This paper focuses on the typographic analysis of a small fairy tale book Makalonca designed by Plečnik, and on the analysis of its two reprints, which were unfortunately found to be inferior to the original design.Methodology/approach: The differences and inconsistencies between the original and the two reprints of Makalonca were studied in details by the means of a comparative analysis.Results: The architecture of Jože Plečnik (1872–1957 is well known throughout Europe, while his graphic design and typography are less known. During the Second World War he made all the decorations, vignettes and initials for the fairy tales and elaborated the graphic design for the book which was published in two different bindings – hardcover and paperback. Two paperback reprints were subsequently published as well, the first one a year after the architect’s death in 1958 and the second one in 1988, commemorating the centenary of the fairytales. In both reprints it was stressed that the graphic design remained the same as it was done by Plečnik. On the contrary, both reprints are deformations of the original. Not only that they are different in the book and layout size and typefaces, one even differs in the type style and type size of the body text. Moreover, there are also many other differences within the rest of the text, thus representing a great loss for the Slovenian cultural heritage.Research limitation: The research was hampered by difficulties in the accessibility and authentication of historical data of printing in Slovenia.Originality/practical implications: This is the first detailed typographic research of a smaller part of Plečnik’s graphic design. The typographic analysis and research results can be of use at the preparation of facsimile or authentic reprints important for our cultural heritage.

  1. Anti-Jo-1 antibody-positive patients show a characteristic necrotizing perifascicular myositis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mescam-Mancini, Lénaig; Allenbach, Yves; Hervier, Baptiste; Devilliers, Hervé; Mariampillay, Kuberaka; Dubourg, Odile; Maisonobe, Thierry; Gherardi, Romain; Mezin, Paulette; Preusse, Corinna; Stenzel, Werner; Benveniste, Olivier

    2015-09-01

    Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies can be classified as polymyositis, dermatomyositis, immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy, sporadic inclusion body myositis or non-specific myositis. Anti-Jo-1 antibody-positive patients are assigned to either polymyositis or dermatomyositis suggesting overlapping pathological features. We aimed to determine if anti-Jo-1 antibody-positive myopathy has a specific morphological phenotype. In a series of 53 muscle biopsies of anti-Jo-1 antibody-positive patients, relevant descriptive criteria defining a characteristic morphological pattern were identified. They were tested in a second series of anti-Jo-1 antibody-positive patients and compared to 63 biopsies from patients suffering from other idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. In anti-Jo-1 antibody-positive patients, necrotic fibres, which strongly clustered in perifascicular regions, were frequently observed. Sarcolemmal complement deposition was detected specifically in perifascicular areas. Inflammation was mainly located in the perimysium and around vessels in 90.6%. Perimysial fragmentation was observed in 90% of cases. Major histocompatibility complex class I staining was diffusely positive, with a perifascicular reinforcement. Multivariate analysis showed that criteria defining perifascicular pathology: perifascicular necrosis, atrophy, and perimysial fragmentation allow the distinction of anti-Jo-1 antibody-positive patients, among patients suffering from other idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Anti-Jo-1 antibody-positive patients displayed perifascicular necrosis, whereas dermatomyositis patients exhibited perifascicular atrophy. © The Author (2015). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Guarantors of Brain. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  2. “Girls are dancin’”: shōjo culture and feminism in contemporary Japanese art

    OpenAIRE

    Emily Jane Wakeling

    2011-01-01

    This article explores the gender-transgressive expressions found in shōjo culture in order to highlight the potential for feminist analysis in the prevalence of the shōjo motif in contemporary Japanese art. Shōjo culture is a fascinating cultural space, within contemporary Japanese culture, which fosters creative expressions of gender that negate or make complex hegemonic categories. Departing from stereotypes of Japanese girls, this article will pay particular interest to an emerging wave of...

  3. A Close Examination of Jo Boaler's Railside Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Clopton

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Jo Boaler, an Associate Professor at the Stanford School of Education has just published an already well known study of three high schools that she called Hillside, Greendale, and Railside. This study makes extremely strong claims for discovery style instruction in mathematics, and consequently has the potential to affect instruction and curriculum throughout the country.As is the case with much education research of this nature, Prof. Boaler has refused to divulge the identities of the schools to qualified researchers. Consequently, it would normally be impossible to independently check her work. However, in this case, the names of the schools were determined and a close examination of the actual outcomes in these schools shows that Prof. Boaler’s claims are grossly exaggerated and do not translate into success for her treatment students. We give the details in the following article.Other papers where the researchers have refused to divulge such details as the names of the schools to qualified researchers have affected and continue to affect education policy decisions at the school, state and even national levels. Among these papers are Standards, Assessments – and What Else? The Essential Elements of Standards-Based School Improvement, D. Briars - L. Resnick, CRESST Technical Report 528, (2000 which has been cited repeatedly as justification for the adoption of Everyday Mathematics in school districts throughout the country, and The impact of two standards-based mathematics curricula on student achievement in Massachusetts. D. Perda, P. Noyce, J. Riordan, J. for Research in Mathematics Education, 32(2001, p. 368-398. which has been used to justify the adoption of the mathematics program “Investigations,” developed by TERC. It is worth noting that currently about 19% of U.S. elementary students use Everyday Mathematics and between 6% and 9% use Investigations, including many of our inner city schools.If we are to reverse the woeful

  4. The artifices of perfection: João de Barros by Manuel Severim de Faria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubens Leonardo Panegassi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é problematizar as convenções intelectuais que nortearam a escrita do retrato heróico do humanista João de Barros por Manuel Severim de Faria, em sua “Vida de João de Barros, em que se discorre sobre os preceitos da história e perfeição com que escreveu as suas Décadas”, livro que compõe os Discursos vários políticos, publicado pela primeira vez em 1624. Para isso, consideramos que a confecção da memória dos lugares ocupados por João de Barros responde à demanda de uma sociedade estamental, na qual a dignidade do ofício exercido denota a dignidade de quem o exerce.

  5. Envisioning the Shôjo Aesthetic in Illustrations of Miyazawa Kenji’s Literature.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen Claire Kilpatrick

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Despite an ever-growing body of scholarship on the shôjo (girl in manga and anime, little has been written about representations of the ‘girl’ in Japanese picture books. Shôjo literature and culture have grown exponentially in Japan since about the 1980s, but there has been a tendency in popular media to overemphasise the 'cute', disempowering aspects of the ‘girl’. By using Takahara Eiri's (1999 concept of “girl consciousness” and Honda Masuko's (1992 envisioning of the girl’s imagined freedom through a hirahira (fluttering aesthetic, notions of the powerless or mindlessly consuming shôjo can be dispelled. Such concepts help demonstrate that the girl ‘has her own creative, critical and cultural, if not social or political, power’ (Aoyama 2008: 286. This paper examines the shôjo tropes in contemporary illustrations that were produced to accompany two tales by the renowned author Miyazawa Kenji (1896-1933, Futago no Hoshi (Twin Stars and Ginga Tetsudô no Yoru (Night of the Milky Way Railway. Although Kenji (as he is known is not generally considered a shôjo author, some of his works incorporate gently transgressive shôjo themes reminiscent of, for example, Yoshiya Nobuko’s Hana Monogatari (Flower Tales from the 1920s. I argue that the current artwork of two award-winning artists, Makino Suzuko and Azuma Itsuko, reflects and enhances Kenji’s ‘girlish’ verbal images, bringing them to the fore in their accompanying imagery for Futago and Ginga by drawing on shôjo art, manga and literature. The artists thus bring into play intertextual references that occur not only across different historical temporalities but also through relations between the author, the artist, the text(s, the protagonists and the reading/viewing audience. The analysis of their striking artwork shows how they bring Kenji’s 1920s’ works firmly into the arena of the contemporary ‘girl’, expanding the abstract consciousness of the shôjo to

  6. Leadership, Longevity, and Leaning In: An Interview With Mary Jo (Joey) Bulfin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prestia, Angela S

    2018-06-01

    This column profiles Mary Jo Bulfin, MBA, RN, CENP, chief executive officer of St. Mary's Medical Center, West Palm Beach, Florida. Ms Bulfin began her career as a staff nurse in the organization where she is now the CEO and discusses her career path and lessons learned.

  7. 75 FR 23745 - Jo-Ann Stores, Inc., Provisional Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-04

    ... Acceptance of a Settlement Agreement and Order AGENCY: Consumer Product Safety Commission. ACTION: Notice... under the laws of the State of Ohio, with its principal offices located in Hudson, Ohio. At all times relevant hereto, Jo-Ann imported, offered for sale and sold various children's products. Staff Allegations...

  8. Thrilling but Pointless: General JO Shelby’s 1863 Cavalry Raid

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-13

    painfully acute. The air seems filled with exquisite music ; cities and towns rise up on every hand, crowned with spires and radiant with ten thousand...Raid. By the end of festivities , at nearly 2 a.m., Captain Hart recited a prepared poem entitled “Jo Shelby’s Raid.” The spirit of Shelby’s Brigade

  9. Ne/přízvukování slov no a jo

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jílková, Lucie

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 100, č. 3 (2017), s. 177-185 ISSN 0027-8203 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA15-01116S Institutional support: RVO:68378092 Keywords : Czech word no * Czech word jo * talk show * DIALOG corpus * word stress * word function/meaning Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics OBOR OECD: Linguistics

  10. The benthos and ichthyofauna of Baixo São João, Ponta do Ouro ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A preliminary reef survey was conducted in July 2015 at Baixo São João, southern Mozambique, to investigate the merits of protecting it within a sanctuary. This involved point intercept analysis of photo-quadrat transects recorded in the northern, central and southern parts of the reef, on the reef top and its inshore and ...

  11. Preste João (Priester Jan) en die Portugese omseiling van die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preste João [Prester John] and the circumnavigation of the southern tip of Africa by the Portuguese: The Moslem threat in the Middle Ages led Europeans, especially the Portuguese, to search for the legendary Christian priest-king, Prester John, as an ally. Originally they believed his mighty empire to be somewhere in ...

  12. Latvijas strādājošo jauniešu attieksme pret naudu

    OpenAIRE

    Stigeviča, Inga

    2010-01-01

    Ar naudu šobrīd nākas saskarties ikvienam Latvijas iedzīvotājam, jo bez naudas cilvēks nav spējīgs pilnvērtīgi eksistēt. Tādā gadījumā arī katram indivīdam ir izveidojusies noteikta attieksme pret naudu, kas spējīga izpausties noteiktās darbībās un nozīmes. Autore savā bakalaura darbā vēlas saprast, kāda ir tieši Latvijas strādājošo jauniešu attieksme pret savu nopelnīto naudu un naudas fenomenu kopumā. Par pētījuma objektu tika izvēlēti strādājošie jaunieši Latvijā, jo publiski pieejamu pētī...

  13. Gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-01-01

    The French government has decided to modify the conditions of extension of local natural gas authorities to neighbouring districts. The European Union is studying the conditions of internal gas market with the objective of more open markets although considering public service requirements

  14. Graphic Design in Jože Plečnik’s Fairytales Makalonca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klementina Možina

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on a small fairytale book Makalonca, which was completelydesigned by Jože Plečnik.The Slovenian architecture by Jože Plečnik (1872–1957 is well known in Europe,while his work in the area of graphic design and typography is less known. Duringthe Second World War, he made all the decorations, vignettes and initial letters forthe fairytales, and elaborated graphic design for the book published in two differentbindings – hardcover and paperback. Two paperback reprints were subsequentlypublished as well. In both reprints it was stressed that the graphic design remainedthe same as done by Plečnik. Instead, both reprints are actually deformations of theoriginal. As a consequence, the Slovenian cultural heritage has lost a great deal.

  15. Bridging the Divide between Manual Gating and Bioinformatics with the Bioconductor Package flowFlowJo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John J. Gosink

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In flow cytometry, different cell types are usually selected or “gated” by a series of 1- or 2-dimensional geometric subsets of the measurements made on each cell. This is easily accomplished in commercial flow cytometry packages but it is difficult to work computationally with the results of this process. The ability to retrieve the results and work with both them and the raw data is critical; our experience points to the importance of bioinformatics tools that will allow us to examine gating robustness, combine manual and automated gating, and perform exploratory data analysis. To provide this capability, we have developed a Bioconductor package called flowFlowJo that can import gates defined by the commercial package FlowJo and work with them in a manner consistent with the other flow packages in Bioconductor. We present this package and illustrate some of the ways in which it can be used.

  16. PRILOŽNOSTI RAZVOJA POSLA S POMOČJO MASTER - FRANŠIZE

    OpenAIRE

    Vida, Viktorija

    2013-01-01

    V delu diplomskega seminarja smo spoznali, da je najenostavnejša oblika rasti podjetja s pomočjo franšiznega poslovanja. Ta oblika se uveljavlja, kadar želimo na najhitrejši način brez dodatnega truda povečati svoj posel in tako sklenemo franšizno pogodbo, ki poteka med jemalcem in dajalcem franšize. Celo diplomsko delo se veže na master-franšizo, ki je ena izmed oblik franšizinga. Master-franšiza nudi jemalcu posebne pravice, s pomočjo katerih lahko jemalec širi naprej poslovanje, le če mu d...

  17. Urban corners and refuges in the literature of João Antônio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Pajaro Peres

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Through writer João Antônio's unsettled characters one can understand the history of urban transformation of São Paulo beginning in the 1950s. They are migrants, mixed people, rascals, informal workers, workers, children who appear and disappear into the corners of his literature and the city, drawing a route of affectivity and shared experiences that can be followed by the historian who seeks to study the culture under a non canonical view

  18. ZAGOTAVLJANJE DOSEGLJIVOSTI V OMREŽJU VOIP S POMOČJO TELEFONSKE CENTRALE ASTERISK

    OpenAIRE

    Vitez, Matej

    2011-01-01

    V diplomskem delu opisujemo razvoj sistema za zagotavljanje dosegljivosti. Sistem temelji na telefonski centrali Asterisk, v povezavi s podatkovno bazo PostgreSql in spletno storitvijo. Sistem omogoča zaposlenim v podjetju večjo dosegljivost za stranke. Uporabniki sistema za zagotavljanje dosegljivosti si lahko preko spletne storitve ogledajo podatke o klici, poslušajo glasovna sporočila, vpisujejo dogodke v koledar, katerim dodajo parametre, ki se navezujejo na dosegljivost v času dogodka. P...

  19. O falar da comunidade negra de João Ramalho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Roberto Inácio Ribeiro

    2001-02-01

    Full Text Available

    Este trabalho pretende explorar algumas peculiaridades lingüísticas da comunidade negra de João Ramalho, na região de Assis, SP, tendo em vista o isolamento em que essa comunidade vive. Este isolamento é resultado de uma atitude bastante resistente à inter-relação com membros de outros grupos.

  20. O "desenho de arquiteto" de João Cabral de Melo Neto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafaela Cardeal

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tomando como ponto de partida a metáfora “desenho de arquiteto”, este ensaio aborda os aspectos arquitetônicos da poesia de João Cabral de Melo Neto. Para tal, propõe uma leitura retrospectiva da obra até o livro A educação pela pedra (1966, considerado pela crítica o mais arquitetônico da produção cabralina.

  1. Grande Sertão: Veredas by João Guimarães Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available "What is a translation that stalls comprehension?" asks Nancy Fumero in her introduction to Felipe W. Martinez' English-language renditions of João Guimarães Rosa's Portuguese poetics. In these translations (presented alongside the Portuguese originals Fumero argues that we encounter "a new form of translation that risks everything in order to encounter the same treacherous knowing Rosa had traversed."

  2. João do Rio, Repórter da Pobreza na Cidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise da Costa Oliveira Siqueira

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Tendo como modelo a Belle Époque parisiense, o Rio de Janeiro, na virada do século XIX para o XX, sofria a transição para uma ordem capitalista urbana. Nesse contexto, o escritor e repórter João Paulo Barreto - o João do Rio - vagou pela cidade, observou parcelas da sociedade que raramente figuravam nas páginas de livros e jornais. No livro A Alma Encantadora das Ruas dedicou um capítulo às várias formas de pobreza e exploração presentes na capital federal. A partir dessa temática, o objetivo deste artigo é estudar as representações da pobreza como apresentadas no livro de João do Rio e paralelamente abordar a questão do texto jornalístico como mediador simbólico - reflexo de um tempo e de uma cultura.

  3. “Girls are dancin’”: shōjo culture and feminism in contemporary Japanese art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily Jane Wakeling

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the gender-transgressive expressions found in shōjo culture in order to highlight the potential for feminist analysis in the prevalence of the shōjo motif in contemporary Japanese art. Shōjo culture is a fascinating cultural space, within contemporary Japanese culture, which fosters creative expressions of gender that negate or make complex hegemonic categories. Departing from stereotypes of Japanese girls, this article will pay particular interest to an emerging wave of figurative contemporary art practices in which the figure of the shōjo is utilised for a new generation of feminist critique. Aoshima Chiho, Kunikata Mahomi, Takano Aya, Sawada Tomoko and Yanagi Miwa are among the current artists who feature the shōjo motif in contexts that foreground female subjectivities found paralleled in shōjo culture. These works will then be contextualised in the greater picture of current trends and themes in global contemporary feminist art.

  4. Interaction of trimebutine and Jo-1196 (fedotozine) with opioid receptors in the canine ileum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allescher, H.D.; Ahmad, S.; Classen, M.; Daniel, E.E. (Technical Univ., Munich, (West Germany))

    1991-05-01

    Receptor binding of the opioid receptor antagonist, ({sup 3}H)diprenorphine, which has a similar affinity to the various opioid receptor subtypes, was characterized in subcellular fractions derived from either longitudinal or circular smooth muscle of the canine small intestine with their plexuses (myenteric plexus and deep muscular plexus, respectively) attached. The distribution of opioid binding activity showed a good correlation in the different fractions with the binding of the neuronal marker ({sup 3}H)saxitoxin but no correlation to the smooth muscle plasma membrane marker 5'-nucleotidase. The saturation data (Kd = 0.12 +/- 0.04 nM and maximum binding = 400 +/- 20 fmol/mg) and the data from kinetic experiments (Kd = 0.08 nmol) in the myenteric plexus were in good agreement with results obtained previously from the circular muscle/deep muscular plexus preparation. Competition experiments using selective drugs for mu (morphiceptin-analog (N-MePhe3-D-Pro4)-morphiceptin), delta (D-Pen2,5-enkephalin) and kappa (dynorphin 1-13, U50488-H) ligands showed the existence of all three receptor subtypes. The existence of kappa receptors was confirmed in saturation experiments using ({sup 3}H) ethylketocycloazocine as labeled ligand. Two putative opioid agonists, with effects on gastrointestinal motility, trimebutine and JO-1196 (fedotozin), were also examined. Trimebutine (Ki = 0.18 microM), Des-Met-trimebutine (Ki = 0.72 microM) and Jo-1196 (Ki = 0.19 microM) displaced specific opiate binding. The relative affinity for the opioid receptor subtypes was mu = 0.44, delta = 0.30 and kappa = 0.26 for trimebutine and mu = 0.25, delta = 0.22 and kappa = 0.52 for Jo-1196.

  5. Jornalismo e exclusão social em João do Rio

    OpenAIRE

    Medeiros, Gutemberg Araújo de

    2009-01-01

    O artigo apresenta uma leitura de Os livres acampamentos da miséria, a primeira reportagem conhecida sobre o morro carioca como zona de exclusão social. De autoria de João do Rio, demonstra como o jornalismo pode vencer o seu aspecto circunstancial para se apresentar como memória textual. Esta produção é exemplar no jornalismo moderno emergente que constrói a narrativa do cotidiano e preserva a memória social. Percebemos como essa narrativa traz uma carga simbólica para expor determinada real...

  6. Increased visfatin levels are associated with higher disease activity in anti-Jo-1-positive myositis patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hulejová, Hana; Kryštůfková, Olga; Mann, Heřman; Klein, Martin; Pavlíčková, Klára; Zámečník, Josef; Vencovský, Jiří; Šenolt, Ladislav

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate serum levels of visfatin in anti-Jo-1-positive myositis patients, its expression in muscle tissue and to investigate potential relationships between visfatin, B-cell activating factor of the TNF family (BAFF), disease activity and anti-Jo-1 autoantibody levels. Serum levels of visfatin and BAFF were measured in 38 anti-Jo-1 positive myositis patients and 35 healthy subjects. Disease activity was evaluated by myositis disease activity assessment tool (MYOACT) using visual analogue scales (VAS) and by serum muscle enzymes. Visfatin expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in muscle tissue of myositis patients (n=10) and compared with non-inflammatory control muscle tissue samples from patients with myasthenia gravis (n=5). Serum visfatin and BAFF levels were significantly higher in myositis patients compared to healthy subjects and were associated with clinical muscle activity assessed by VAS. Only serum BAFF levels, but not visfatin levels, positively correlated with muscle enzyme concentrations and anti-Jo1 antibody levels. There was a positive correlation between visfatin and BAFF serum levels in myositis patients but a negative correlation was observed in healthy subjects. Visfatin expression was up-regulated in endomysial and perimysial inflammatory infiltrates of muscle tissue from myositis patients. Up-regulation of visfatin in myositis muscle tissue and an association between increased visfatin levels and muscle disease activity evaluated by MYOACT in anti-Jo-1 positive myositis patients could support possible role of visfatin in the pathogenesis of myositis.

  7. Reprints of Jože Plečnik’s Fairytales Makalonca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klementina Možina

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on a small fairytale book entitled Makalonca, completely designed by Jože Plečnik, and its two reprints, which were unfortunately found inferior to the original design.The Slovenian architecture by Jože Plečnik (1872–1957 is well known in Europe, while his work in the area of graphic design and typography is less known. During the Second World War he made all the decorations, vignettes and initial letters for fairytales and elaborated graphic design for the book. Two paperback reprints were subsequently published as well; one a year after the architect’s death in 1958 and another in 1988, commemorating the centenary of the fairytales.In both reprints it was stressed that the graphic design remained the same as done by Plečnik. However, both reprints are deformations of the original. Not only are they different in book and layout size, typefaces, one even in the type style and type size of the body text, but there are also many other differences to be found within the rest of the text. In consequence, the Slovenian cultural heritage has lost a great deal.

  8. A New Jatropha curcas Variety (JO S2 with Improved Seed Productivity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chengxin Yi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available One key reason for the failure of Jatropha plantation is the use of non-improved planting materials. We present in this paper a Jatropha variety (JO S2 through selective breeding with much better seed productivity than wild accessions as proven by field trials in Singapore and India. In a single farm trial in Singapore for two years, a comparison was conducted with accessions from China, India, Indonesia and Africa. It was found that all traits studied like seed yield, seed kernel content, seed oil content, fatty acid composition, phosphorus content and PE content differed significantly among and within the wild accessions. Overall, JO S2 was the best performer with the highest seed yield, high oil content and low phosphorus content. On two sites in Tamil Nadu, Southern India, this Jatropha variety produced up to 2.95 ton/ha of dry seeds in the first year and up to 4.25 ton/ha of dry seeds in the second year, much better than the local variety control. We attribute its higher seed productivity to early flowering, better self-branching, more flower/fruiting bunches, more fruits per bunch and importantly, better uniformity among plants. This exemplifies that breeding has improved Jatropha seed productivity which will lead to better economics for Jatropha plantation.

  9. [Nature, colonization, and utopia in the works of João Daniel].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Kelerson Semerene

    2007-12-01

    The article analyzes certain aspects of "Tesouro descoberto no rio Amazonas" (Treasure discovered on the Amazon River), written by João Daniel (1722-76) during his time in the State of Maranhão e Grão-Pará as a Jesuit missionary between 1741 and 1757; the priest was banished to Lisbon two years before the Company of Jesus was expelled from Portuguese America. This unique record of the mid-eighteenth-century Amazon is a compendium on the region's wealth and potential. Most importantly, it put forward a colonization project that was critical of the model then in place; the new proposal was an integrated whole which took environmental conditions, technology, and social relations into account in the organization of local society. In centering his project on the issue of labor, João Daniel revives, as a metaphor, the idea of the Amazon as an earthly paradise-a notion that had characterized seventeenth-century missionary literature but was practically abandoned in the eighteenth century.

  10. The many arts in Santiago, by João Moreira Salles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Fux

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the documentary Santiago, by João Moreira Salles, exploring the many arts of the main character Santiago. Besides being very rich in its autobiographic approach, the film allows us to establish some connections with literature and some characters of Borges and Flaubert, as it relates to performance and documentary theories. Santiago, disguised as a butler for over four decades, began to accumulate delusions. While working at the residence of the Moreira Salles, he typed 30,000 cards, classified and cataloged his own story and the “history of great men”. His notes are the record of his passage through Literature and History. The film by João Moreira Salles ensures Santiago’s posterity, in the same way that reports of Dante and the creations and inventions of Borges ensure the existence of their characters. Santiago, as a Flaubert’s copyist, lives and is reinvented on the screen through his testimony, memory, art and through the auto fictional documentary by Salles.

  11. VLT: a sustainable solution to urban mobility, in João Pessoa-PB.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Assis, Uiara Wasconcelos; Silva, Glaucia Wasconcelos

    2012-01-01

    The changes happen quickly in today's world, simultaneously interacting with technological advances in the sciences and new paradigms socio-political and economic, in search of a sustainable future and a present with emergency strategies for the preservation of humanity and the planet "Earth ". Currently, the mobility of people in the intra-urban space is being threatened by congestion, pollution resulting from the appreciation of the culture of personal transport and the precariousness of public transportation. In the city of João Pessoa (PB), the subject of this finding for these disorders. Workers suffer the consequences of daily stress takes to access home-work, difficulty in arriving at the right time to the workplace and adverse reactions caused by pollution. The VLT (Light Rail Vehicle) has been presented as a viable solution to the problems of public transport, with several experiments that can be seen as positive in the world. This work involves the implementation of a public transport system based on VLT Corridor along the Avenue Dom Pedro II, in João Pessoa (PB), aiming to acquire a good transport network for use of the population, reduce the number of vehicles on process, minimize pollution and optimize urban mobility.

  12. Jornalismo e exclusão social em João do Rio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Medeiros, Gutemberg Araújo de

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta uma leitura de “Os livres acampamentos da miséria”, a primeira reportagem conhecida sobre o morro carioca como zona de exclusão social. De autoria de João do Rio, demonstra como o jornalismo pode vencer o seu aspecto circunstancial para se apresentar como memória textual. Esta produção é exemplar no jornalismo moderno emergente que constrói a narrativa do cotidiano e preserva a memória social. Percebemos como essa narrativa traz uma carga simbólica para expor determinada realidade, além de problematizar questões essenciais da sociedade. Esta reportagem se insere na dinâmica do jornalismo informativo que João do Rio foi um dos introdutores no Brasil. Além de exemplar como reportagem, é uma confirmação de como o jornalismo presta-se a ser fonte historiográfica, dialogando com a contemporaneidade tanto em relação à zona de exclusão constitutiva da sociedade brasileira quanto ao jornalismo atual

  13. João Andresen (1920/1967) : o projecto da casa Ruben A.

    OpenAIRE

    Pinto, Luís Miguel Rodrigues Moreira

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação de mestrado em Arquitectura. Exame público realizado em 11 de Julho de 2011. A dissertação aborda o projecto da Casa em Montedor que o arquitecto João Andresen projecta no final dos anos 40 para o escritor Ruben A. O ambiente de adesão e afirmação moderna que se vive na arquitectura portuguesa explica a interpretação genérica de um programa específico, a prioridade dada aos aspectos funcionais e o modo como a construção se relaciona, por oposição, com a paisagem. A confronta...

  14. Ants of João da Cunha Island, SC, Brazil: composition and diversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Corbetta

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available The ant species of João da Cunha Island, SC, were collected both manually and by the use of attractive baits of honey and sardine. The samples were taken at 10 sites, each having one bait of each type, totalling 20 samples in each collection. A total of 14 genera, 52 species and 5 subfamilies was sampled in one year of monthly sampling. The richest genera were Pheidole (16 species and Camponotus (9. The biological diversity values were high, and the ant fauna presented a strong seazonality on account of this diversity. The greatest similarity between seasons of the year was observed between spring and summer, followed by autumn and winter.

  15. David Bowie’s Influence on JoJo’s Bizarre Adventure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco-Alessio Ursini

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the influence of David Bowie’s work in JoJo’s Bizarre Adventure, a manga known for its wealth of references to western popular culture. It is argued that David Bowie’s cultural reception can be attested via the presence of three narrative themes featuring in this manga series. The first theme is the exploration of diverse genres and an innovative, genre-defying attitude. The second theme is the use of avant-garde, flamboyant and gender-ambiguous aesthetics for its fictional characters. The third theme is a self-reflexive approach to the creation of fictional characters, intended as an awareness of the temporary, transient nature of their role as reluctant heroes in their own stories.

  16. Quo Vadis, Homo Viator? / Journeys in Jože Hradil’s Faceless Pictures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tapodi Zsuzsa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In Jože Hradil’s Faceless Pictures [Slike brez obrazov] the characters go astray or get into the attraction of adventures and set off for a journey. The spiritual and identity shifts can be interpreted along these eternal human desires as well. A patchwork of remembering and forgetting, the internal journeys of identity preservation, spontaneous or forced assimilation, tolerance and all kinds of politics-induced human deformations are depicted in the novel. The text traces the roles of the journey defined by Jean Chevalier and Alain Gheerbrant such as the search for justice, peace, immortality and finding the spiritual center. This study examines how the concrete physical journey changes into an internal road determining the evolution of personality.

  17. Sisemine vabadus määrab identiteedi / Marie-Jo LaFontaine ; interv. Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    LaFontaine, Marie-Jo

    2001-01-01

    Intervjuu belgia kunstniku Marie-Jo LaFontaine'iga 25. VII Rakveres. KanaNaha raames eksponeeritud M.-J. LaFontaine'i näitusest "Identiteedi ruum", tema fotodest lastest, kunstiturust Eestis ja Belgias, Belgia pankade kunstikogudest jm.

  18. Neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: Initial experience of Hospital de São João

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Rocha

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this series is to report the initial ECMO experience of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Hospital de São João. The first three clinical cases are reported. Case report 1: a 39 weeks gestational age girl with severe lung hypoplasia secondary to a bilateral congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Case report 2: a 39 weeks gestational age girl with a right congenital diaphragmatic hernia and a tracheal stenosis. Case report 3: a 34 weeks gestational age boy, with 61 days of life, with a Bordetella pertussis pneumonia, severe pulmonary hypertension, shock, hyperleukocytosis and seizures. Resumo: O objetivo desta série é apresentar a experiência inicial da Unidade de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatais do Hospital de São João com ECMO no recém-nascido. São apresentados os 3 primeiros casos. Caso 1: recém-nascido de 39 semanas de idade gestacional, com hipoplasia pulmonar severa secundária a hérnia diafragmática congénita bilateral. Caso 2: recém-nascido de 39 semanas de idade gestacional, com hérnia diafragmática congénita direita e estenose traqueal. Caso 3: pré-termo de 34 semanas de idade gestacional, sexo masculino, com 61 dias de vida, com pneumonia por Bordetella pertussis, hipertensão pulmonar severa, choque, hiperleucocitose e convulsões. Keywords: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, Newborn, Congenital diaphragmatic hernia, Tracheal stenosis, Bordetella pertussis infection, Palavras-chave: Oxigenação por membrana extracorporal, Recém-nascido, Hérnia diafragmática congénita, Estenose traqueal, Infeção por Bordetella pertussis

  19. Writing in the Shadow of “Pride and Prejudice”: Jo Baker’s "Longbourn"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olivia Murphy

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Jo Baker’s 2013 novel Longbourn explicitly engages with Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, published two centuries earlier. Longbourn’s plot neatly intersects with Austen's original, offering us a glimpse into a world which adaptations of Austen’s novels, and even Austen herself, have long been criticised for ignoring. Baker takes advantage of the freedoms of twenty-first century fiction to bring into the light aspects of Austen’s writing that Regency discretion elided, and Victorian prudery all but annihilated. Longbourn explores with sensitivity and due regard to historicity matters to which Austen could only allude; the horrors of war and military justice, complexities of sexuality that cannot be wholly contained within the sanction of marriage, the effects of the industrial revolution on the countryside and poor alike. If Pride and Prejudice, as Austen ironically opined, was “too light & bright & sparkling”, Longbourn offers us the shading that throws that sparkle into relief, thereby allowing us to view it afresh.

  20. Rethinking the Notion of National Identity in the Novel The Redbreast by Jo Nesbo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Bančić

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper sets out to examine the extent to which the novel The Redbreast by Jo Nesbo confirms the hypothesis that in the 21st century the crime novel has become a platform suitable for the examination of national identity and the nature of violence in given social surroundings. The paper introduces the hypothesis that there is an undercurrent of unease perceivable in contemporary Norwegian society. The existence of the supporters of the Nazi regime in the history of the nation which after World War II has constituted itself as a modern, tolerant and multicultural society, causes a crisis of identity and evokes a new take-off of right-wing politics. Therefore, the policy of resistance to Nazism and the celebration of tolerance and multiculturalism are on slippery ground. But Nesbo's re-examination of national identity is not conducted solely for the purpose of questioning the absoluteness of ethical positions of good and evil; Nesbo transposes the contemporary Norwegian crime novel from the domain of subjective violence into the realm of objective violence. The paper argues that Nesbo explores the categories of the immoral and the righteous within Norwegian society, pinpointing thereby the dangers of a policy which uses the fear of immigrants as a means of mobilising the nation.

  1. De um escritor escrevente: “O amor de Pedro por João”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Iraci Cardoso Tuzzin

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available O romance O amor de Pedro por João publicado no Brasil, em 1982, e escrito durante o exílio do escritor brasileiro Tabajara Ruas (1942 é analisado a partir da relação escritor/escrita. Tal correspondência é discutida por um viés que inclui as anotações de pesquisadores, como Avelar, Silverman e Santiago, entre outros. A observação da forma, do estilo e das temáticas empregadas pelo artista aponta para a complexidade de questões referentes à profissão “escritor” em um contexto histórico pleno de cerceamento de liberdades situado entre os anos 1960 e 1980. Além disso, suscita reflexões sobre procedimentos literários experimentais em um meio social em que se ampliaram o grau e o controle da informação, apontando, deste modo, ligações entre a Literatura e a História.

  2. O Sol Laranja e Negro de João Cabral de Melo Neto

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    Luciana Tiscoski

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available O poeta pernambucano João Cabral de Melo Neto publica Sevilha andando em 1990, já aposentado da carreira diplomática que lhe possibilitou o contato com a cidade e o povo sevilhano, desde 1956, quando trabalha em pesquisas históricas no Arquivo das Índias de Sevilha. Após ter morado em cidades como Londres, Marselha e Barcelona, é transferido para a andaluza Cadiz, e novamente reside em Sevilha em 1962. Tendo ainda passado no decorrer de sua carreira diplomática por Berna, Senegal e Honduras, é a Andaluzia que se estabelece como lugar da linguagem poética e concreta, eleita Sevilha a cidade onde os elementos de sua poesia se realizam em lâmina, pedra, o sol laranja e negro, a mulher que anda. Sevilha andando e Andando Sevilha finalizam sua produção poética e reproduzem em serena e bruta semelhança o homem da terra que lhe remete ao sertanejo, a Pernambuco, a Recife.

  3. Gap-filling analysis of the iJO1366 Escherichia coli metabolic network reconstruction for discovery of metabolic functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orth Jeffrey D

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The iJO1366 reconstruction of the metabolic network of Escherichia coli is one of the most complete and accurate metabolic reconstructions available for any organism. Still, because our knowledge of even well-studied model organisms such as this one is incomplete, this network reconstruction contains gaps and possible errors. There are a total of 208 blocked metabolites in iJO1366, representing gaps in the network. Results A new model improvement workflow was developed to compare model based phenotypic predictions to experimental data to fill gaps and correct errors. A Keio Collection based dataset of E. coli gene essentiality was obtained from literature data and compared to model predictions. The SMILEY algorithm was then used to predict the most likely missing reactions in the reconstructed network, adding reactions from a KEGG based universal set of metabolic reactions. The feasibility of these putative reactions was determined by comparing updated versions of the model to the experimental dataset, and genes were predicted for the most feasible reactions. Conclusions Numerous improvements to the iJO1366 metabolic reconstruction were suggested by these analyses. Experiments were performed to verify several computational predictions, including a new mechanism for growth on myo-inositol. The other predictions made in this study should be experimentally verifiable by similar means. Validating all of the predictions made here represents a substantial but important undertaking.

  4. King João II of Portugal “O Principe Perfeito” and the Jews (1481-1495

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soyer, François

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available King João II (1481-1495 is chiefly remembered in Portuguese historiography as the first “modern” King of Portugal and a monarch who vigorously worked to restore the status of the Portuguese Crown, weakened during the reign of his father Afonso V (1438-1481. In Jewish historiography, however, João II has become infamous for his persecution of the Jews who came to Portugal after their expulsion from Castile in 1492 as well as his order to seize Jewish children from their parents so that they could be converted to Christianity and sent to colonize the Island of São Tomé. Using Hebrew, Spanish and Portuguese sources, this article examines in detail the nature of the relations that existed between João II and the Jews, both those who were natives of Portugal as well as the Jewish exiles from Castile.

    El rey João II es recordado en la historiografía portuguesa principalmente como el primer rey «moderno» de Portugal, y un monarca que trabajó enérgicamente para restaurar el estatus de la Corona, debilitada durante el reinado de su padre Afonso V (1438-1481. Sin embargo, la historiografía judía ha construido una imagen del rey como infame por su persecución de los judíos expulsos llegados de Castilla en 1492, así como por la orden de sustracción de niños judíos a sus progenitores para usarlos en la colonización de la isla de São Tomé. Mediante el uso de fuentes hebreas, hispánicas y portuguesas, este artículo examina de forma detallada la naturaleza de las relaciones existentes entre João II y los judíos, tanto de los que eran nativos de Portugal, como de los castellanos exiliados.

  5. Monge João Maria na tradição religiosa popular do planalto meridional do Brasil = João Maria monk in popular religious tradition of southern plateau of Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karsburg, Alexandre de Oliveira

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente projeto de pesquisa vem sendo desenvolvido junto ao Programa de Pós Graduação em História da Universidade Federal de Pelotas e tem por objetivo reconstruir o processo histórico de uma das mais marcantes e duradouras devoções populares surgidas nas Américas: a crença no Monge João Maria. Iniciada na década de 1840 a partir da peregrinação do italiano João Maria de Agostini por vários países do continente americano, desde então a devoção vem sendo ressignificada pelas pessoas em um processo criativo e autônomo, servindo há mais de um século como elemento identitário e que estrutura a sociabilidade. Atingindo um vasto território que inclui pontos dos estados do Paraná, Santa Catarina e Rio Grande do Sul, com repercussões no norte da Argentina, a devoção configurou-se como verdadeiro patrimônio cultural e imaterial de pessoas que têm no monge um de seus principais santos. Além da pesquisa histórica propriamente dita, desejamos realizar um mapeamento dos locais de memória atualmente associados à devoção ao Monge João Maria. Este Mapa da Devoção será apresentado aos órgãos oficiais na tentativa de obter seu reconhecimento como patrimônio imaterial das populações, a fim de contribuir para a preservação de locais e crenças

  6. Natureza, colonização e utopia na obra de João Daniel Nature, colonization, and utopia in the works of João Daniel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kelerson Semerene Costa

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa alguns aspectos do Tesouro descoberto no rio Amazonas, obra composta pelo padre João Daniel (1722-1776, missionário jesuíta no Estado do Maranhão e Grão-Pará entre 1741 e 1757, desterrado para Lisboa dois anos antes do banimento da Companhia de Jesus da América portuguesa. A obra, registro singular da Amazônia de meados do século XVIII, oferece um compêndio das riquezas e potencialidades da região. Sobretudo, apresenta um projeto para a colonização crítico ao modelo então em vigor e que se apresenta como um conjunto integrado que considera as condições ambientais, a técnica e as relações sociais na organização da sociedade local. Ao colocar no centro de seu projeto a questão do trabalho, João Daniel recupera, como metáfora, a idéia - marcante na literatura missionária do século XVII e praticamente abandonada no século XVIII - da Amazônia como paraíso terrestre.The article analyzes certain aspects of "Tesouro descoberto no rio Amazonas" (Treasure discovered on the Amazon River, written by João Daniel (1722-76 during his time in the State of Maranhão e Grão-Pará as a Jesuit missionary between 1741 and 1757; the priest was banished to Lisbon two years before the Company of Jesus was expelled from Portuguese America. This unique record of the mid-eighteenth-century Amazon is a compendium on the region's wealth and potential. Most importantly, it put forward a colonization project that was critical of the model then in place; the new proposal was an integrated whole which took environmental conditions, technology, and social relations into account in the organization of local society. In centering his project on the issue of labor, João Daniel revives, as a metaphor, the idea of the Amazon as an earthly paradise-a notion that had characterized seventeenth-century missionary literature but was practically abandoned in the eighteenth century.

  7. RAST PODJETJA S POMOČJO FRANŠIŽE NA PRIMERU PODJETJA MERCATOR D.D.

    OpenAIRE

    Podgoršek, Nuša

    2013-01-01

    Podjetja lahko rastejo na zelo različne načine, vendar v podjetju lahko nastane rast na pasiven ali aktiven način. Možno je tudi da določena podjetja sploh ne rastejo. Rast podjetja pa predstavlja tudi ključen pomen, ki prispeva tudi k razvoju gospodarstva, ustvarjanju novih delovnih mest in dvigu nivoja družbenega blagostanja. V diplomskem seminarju smo poskušali pokazati, da podjetje lahko raste s pomočjo franšiznega sistema. Franšizing predstavlja metodo, kjer na osnovi franšizne pogo...

  8. O asilo de S. João do Porto : entre a nova pedagogia e o higienismo (1890-1926

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria José Moutinho Santos

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the uniqueness of a charitable, social solidarity institution for children at risk, the «Asilo de S. João» (St. John’s Asylum, founded by the Freemasonry in 1891, in Porto. It was created within an international context of multidisciplinary discussion on minors at risk, and innovative experiences with regard to schooling. The analysis is based on the documents held in the institution’s archives, examining the guiding principles and various educational practices already embedded in the programming of the «new pedagogy» and public hygiene, showing the modernity of the choices made at the time.

  9. Conversa de bois: uma fábula de João Guimarães Rosa

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandre Veloso de Abreu

    2015-01-01

    Este artigo apresenta o conto “Conversa de Bois” de João Guimaraes Rosa em uma perspectiva fabular. O conceito de fábula abarca um grande espectro de significações, que vai desde: resumo, intriga, conjunto, construção, até o conceito mais formalista, que lhe dá um sentido mais material.  No entanto, imprimiu-se no gênero como característica principal, o cumprimento de uma ação e o uso do antropomorfismo (quando animais assumem características humanas). Na verdade, essa característica é que de...

  10. Zādzība kvalificējošos apstākļos

    OpenAIRE

    Šleija, Ilze

    2012-01-01

    Maģistra darba tēma ir „Zādzība kvalificējošos apstākļos”. Maģistra darba mērķis bija noskaidrot zādzības kvalificējošo apstākļu izpratni teorijā un to piemērošanu praksē. Aplūkojot krimināltiesību teorijā paustās atziņas un analizējot tiesu praksi, maģistra darbā tika noskaidroti problēmjautājumi, kas rodas kvalificējot zādzību, kas izdarīta, iekļūstot dzīvoklī vai citā telpā, vai ja tā izdarīta no glabātavas, ietaises, kas savieno glabātavas, vai transportlīdzekļa, zādzība izdarīta atkārtot...

  11. GASP. III. JO36: A Case of Multiple Environmental Effects at Play?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fritz, Jacopo; Bruzual, Gustavo; Cervantes Sodi, Bernardo [Instituto de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, UNAM, Campus Morelia, A.P. 3-72, C.P. 58089 (Mexico); Moretti, Alessia; Gullieuszik, Marco; Poggianti, Bianca; Vulcani, Benedetta; Bettoni, Daniela; Fasano, Giovanni [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, Padova (Italy); Nicastro, Fabrizio [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via di Frascati 33, I-00040 Monte Porzio Catone, RM (Italy); Jaffé, Yara; Biviano, Andrea [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G. B. Tiepolo 11, I-34131, Trieste (Italy); Charlot, Stéphane [Sorbonne Universités, UPMC-CNRS, UMR7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, F-75014 Paris (France); Bellhouse, Callum [University of Birmingham, School of Physics and Astronomy, Edgbaston, Birmingham (United Kingdom); Hau, George, E-mail: j.fritz@irya.unam.mx [European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Casilla 19001, Santiago de Chile (Chile)

    2017-10-20

    The so-called jellyfish galaxies are objects exhibiting disturbed morphology, mostly in the form of tails of gas stripped from the main body of the galaxy. Several works have strongly suggested ram pressure stripping to be the mechanism driving this phenomenon. Here, we focus on one of these objects, drawn from a sample of optically selected jellyfish galaxies, and use it to validate sinopsis, the spectral fitting code that will be used for the analysis of the GASP (GAs Stripping Phenomena in galaxies with MUSE) survey, and study the spatial distribution and physical properties of the gas and stellar populations in this galaxy. We compare the model spectra to those obtained with gandalf, a code with similar features widely used to interpret the kinematics of stars and gas in galaxies from IFU data. We find that sinopsis can reproduce the pixel-by-pixel spectra of this galaxy at least as well as gandalf does, providing reliable estimates of the underlying stellar absorption to properly correct the nebular gas emission. Using these results, we find strong evidences of a double effect of ram pressure exerted by the intracluster medium onto the gas of the galaxy. A moderate burst of star formation, dating between 20 and 500 Myr ago and involving the outer parts of the galaxy more strongly than the inner regions, was likely induced by a first interaction of the galaxy with the intracluster medium. Stripping by ram pressure, plus probable gas depletion due to star formation, contributed to create a truncated ionized gas disk. The presence of an extended stellar tail on only one side of the disk points instead to another kind of process, likely gravitational interaction by a fly-by or a close encounter with another galaxy in the cluster.

  12. GASP. III. JO36: A Case of Multiple Environmental Effects at Play?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fritz, Jacopo; Bruzual, Gustavo; Cervantes Sodi, Bernardo; Moretti, Alessia; Gullieuszik, Marco; Poggianti, Bianca; Vulcani, Benedetta; Bettoni, Daniela; Fasano, Giovanni; Nicastro, Fabrizio; Jaffé, Yara; Biviano, Andrea; Charlot, Stéphane; Bellhouse, Callum; Hau, George

    2017-01-01

    The so-called jellyfish galaxies are objects exhibiting disturbed morphology, mostly in the form of tails of gas stripped from the main body of the galaxy. Several works have strongly suggested ram pressure stripping to be the mechanism driving this phenomenon. Here, we focus on one of these objects, drawn from a sample of optically selected jellyfish galaxies, and use it to validate sinopsis, the spectral fitting code that will be used for the analysis of the GASP (GAs Stripping Phenomena in galaxies with MUSE) survey, and study the spatial distribution and physical properties of the gas and stellar populations in this galaxy. We compare the model spectra to those obtained with gandalf, a code with similar features widely used to interpret the kinematics of stars and gas in galaxies from IFU data. We find that sinopsis can reproduce the pixel-by-pixel spectra of this galaxy at least as well as gandalf does, providing reliable estimates of the underlying stellar absorption to properly correct the nebular gas emission. Using these results, we find strong evidences of a double effect of ram pressure exerted by the intracluster medium onto the gas of the galaxy. A moderate burst of star formation, dating between 20 and 500 Myr ago and involving the outer parts of the galaxy more strongly than the inner regions, was likely induced by a first interaction of the galaxy with the intracluster medium. Stripping by ram pressure, plus probable gas depletion due to star formation, contributed to create a truncated ionized gas disk. The presence of an extended stellar tail on only one side of the disk points instead to another kind of process, likely gravitational interaction by a fly-by or a close encounter with another galaxy in the cluster.

  13. Governo de crianças: o instituto profissional João Alfredo (1910-1933 - Government for children: the Professional Institute João Alfredo (1910-1933

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Zélia Maia de Souza, Brasil

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Nesse estudo se realiza uma análise das ações de governo de crianças no espaço do Instituto Profissional João Alfredo (1910/1933, ancorando-se nas reflexões de Michel Foucault. Nesse sentido, é feita uma reflexão acerca dos sentidos da ginástica escolar e do lugar do jogo de futebol no interior da instituição analisada. O exame da documentação referente ao Instituto permitiu perceber que esse campo de saber foi parte integrante das táticas de governo executadas pelos gestores da instituição, as quais buscavam manter a sua normalidade, enquanto instituição pensada e implementada para abrigar e profissionalizar meninos pobres, embora não exclusivamente.Palavras-chave: menores, trabalho, futebol, Instituto Profissional João Alfredo. GOVERNMENT FOR CHILDREN: THE PROFESSIONAL INSTITUTE JOÃO ALFREDO (1910-1933AbstractThis study undertakes an analysis of government action of children within the Professional Institute João Alfredo (1910-1933, anchoring on the thinking of Michel Foucault. In this sense, there is a reflection on the sense of place and school gymnastics and football game in this field of knowledge within the institution analyzed. The examination of documentation,  relating to the Institute, allowed realize that this field of knowledge was an integral part of the tactics of government run by the managers of the institution which sought to maintain normalcy as an institution designed and implemented to accommodate professional and poor kids, but not exclusively.Keyworks: children, work, football; Instituto Profissional João Alfredo. GOBIERNO DE LA INFANCIA: EL PROFESIONAL INSTITUTO JOÃO ALFREDO (1910-1933ResumenEste estudio realiza un análisis de la acción del gobierno de los niños en el Instituto Profesional João Alfredo (1910-1933, el anclaje en el pensamiento de Michel Foucault. En este sentido, hay una reflexión sobre el sentido de la gimnasia y el lugar de la escuela y el juego de fútbol en este campo

  14. Fantasia? Lusitana? Cinema, História(s de vida e ética artística em Daniel Blaufuks e João Canijo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Salgueiro Rodrigues

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Focusing our attention on the inter-arts project Sob céus estranhos. Uma história de exílios, by Daniel Blaufuks, and the film Fantasia lusitana, by João Canijo, we will try to demonstrate, trough a revisitation of a variety of representation (public and private, artistic and documents that both Daniel Blaufuks and João Canijo, question the truth of the History and aesthetics, the deontology and the (possible truth of contemporary art.

  15. Educação e sustentabilidae :Assentamento Maria da Paz - João Câmara/RN

    OpenAIRE

    Paula, Hiramisis Paiva de

    2005-01-01

    Este trabalho se constitui em uma pesquisa-ação no campo da educação ambiental, orientada para a construção do parcelamento do solo do Assentamento Maria da Paz em João Câmara/RN, enquanto processo de aprendizagem social, de produção coletiva de novos conhecimentos, valores e atitudes com relação ao meio ambiente. Foi consolidado através de uma parceria entre a UFRN (GERAH/DARQ e GEPEM/DEPED), MST e INCRA/RN. O desenho que representa a forma de organização espacial do assentamento, construíd...

  16. Assumidos: uma leitura em contos de Reinaldo Arenas, David Leavitt e João Silvério Trevisan

    OpenAIRE

    Trindade, Vivaldo Lima

    2013-01-01

    133 f. Estudo do universo de representação das personagens homoeróticas em contos de Reinaldo Arenas, David Leavitt e João Silvério Trevisan, escritores gueis assumidos. Após contextualizar o espaço geográfico e simbólico em que os três atuam, a construção das diferentes Américas enquanto “paraíso terrestre”, lugar de igualdade, justiça e liberdade, e tentar demonstrar o corte epistemológico que a noção de homoerotismo sofreu com o movimento de emancipação guei de Stonewall – inicialmente,...

  17. Mínimos, múltiplos, comuns – a ordem do mundo segundo João Gilberto Noll

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel Vejmelka

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available No contexto latino-americano, o Brasil aparece à parte das cartografias bem delineadas e cada vez mais diferenciadas da produção e teorização da micronarrativa, que na área hispano-americana se constitui particularmente por meio do microrrelato. Entre eles, nomes conhecidos como Millôr Fernandes, Moacyr Scliar, Modesto Carone, Sérgio Santana, e alguns já experientes no gênero, como Fernando Bonassi, Dalton Trevisan e também o autor tematizado no presente estudo: João Gilberto Noll. Apesar de suas dimensões impressionantes, essa antologia ainda é um projeto individual, que conseguiu dar visibilidade e um acento concreto – no e para além do Brasil – a esse gênero de presença ainda esporádica.

  18. A case of non-specific interstitial pneumonia with recurrent gastric carcinoma and anti-Jo-1 antibody positive myositis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebisutani, Chikara; Ito, Isao; Kitaichi, Masanori; Tanabe, Naoya; Mishima, Michiaki; Kadowaki, Seizo

    2016-07-01

    We report the first case of non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) in a patient with cancer-associated myositis (CAM) that emerged along with the recurrence of the cancer. A 60-year-old woman, with a history of partial gastrectomy for gastric cancer 11 years ago, presented with exertional dyspnea with anti-Jo-1 antibody-positive myositis. Surgical lung biopsy showed NSIP with metastatic gastric cancer. Accordingly, her condition was diagnosed as CAM with cancer recurrence. In patients with a history of cancer, development of myositis may indicate cancer recurrence; therefore, careful observation would be necessary. Copyright © 2016 The Japanese Respiratory Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Zemes izmantošanu ietekmējošie faktori 20.gs. Latvijā

    OpenAIRE

    Līkosts, Valdis

    2009-01-01

    Maģistra darbā tiek analizēta lauksaimniecībā izmantojamo zemju apsaimniekojuma struktūra divos Rietumkurzemes augstienes pagastos. Zemes izmantošanu ietekmējošo faktoru ietekmju izvērtēšanai tika izmantota zemju apsaimniekošanas datu statistiskā apstrāde, aprēķinot faktoru ietekmju lielumu un nosakot to būtiskumu. Faktoru analīzes rezultātā tika konstatēts, ka zemes izmantošanu un ainavas dinamiku, šie faktori ietekmē. Faktoru ietekmei piemīt spēcīga mainība gan telpiskā, gan temporālā m...

  20. Herpetofauna of an Atlantic rainforest area (Morro São João in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Almeida-Gomes

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available We studied the herpetofaunal community from the Atlantic forest of Morro São João, in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, and present data on species composition, richness, relative abundance and densities. We combined three sampling methods: plot sampling, visual encounter surveys and pit-fall traps. We recorded sixteen species of amphibians and nine of reptiles. The estimated densities (based on results of plot sampling were 4.5 ind/100 m2 for amphibians and 0.8 ind/100 m² for lizards, and the overall density (amphibians and lizards was 5.3 ind/100 m². For amphibians, Eleutherodactylus and Scinax were the most speciose genera with three species each, and Eleutherodactylus binotatus was the most abundant species (mean density of 3.0 frogs/100 m². The reptile community of Morro São João was dominated by species of the families Gekkonidae and Gymnophtalmidae (Lacertilia and Colubridae (Serpentes. The gymnophtalmid lizard Leposoma scincoides was the most abundant reptile species (mean density of 0.3 ind/100 m². We compare densities obtained in our study data with those of other studied rainforest sites in various tropical regions of the world.Estudamos a comunidade herpetofaunística da Mata Atlântica do Morro São João, Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, e apresentamos dados da composição, riqueza, abundância relativa e densidade das espécies. Combinamos três metodologias de amostragem: parcelas, encontros visuais e armadilhas de queda. Registramos 16 espécies de anfíbios e 9 espécies de répteis. As densidades estimadas (baseadas nos resultados da amostragem através de parcelas foram 4.5 ind/100 m² para anfíbios, 0.8 ind/100 m² para lagartos, e a densidade total (anfíbios e répteis foi 5.3 ind/100 m². Para anfíbios, Eleutherodactylus e Scinax foram os gêneros com maior número de espécies, com três espécies cada, e Eleutherodactylus binotatus foi a espécie mais abundante (densidade média de 3.0 anuros/100 m². A

  1. Versiones transgresoras y polémicas de Blancanieves: de Robert Walser a João César Monteiro

    OpenAIRE

    García-Manso, Angélica

    2017-01-01

    Este artículo analiza dos versiones heterodoxas del cuento de hadas Blancanieves: de un lado, la obra de teatro homónima escrita en 1901 por el suizo Robert Walser; y de otro, la película dirigida en el año 2000 por el cineasta portugués João Cé

  2. Estudo da responsabilidade social corporativa no setor de serviços da cidade de João Monlevade-MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Breno Eustáquio da Silva

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo levantou as práticas de Responsabilidade Social Corporativa (RSC no setor de prestação de serviços na cidade de João Monlevade-MG. As práticas de RSC são fundamentais para o processo de gestão, pois os recursos humanos dessas organizações, bem como os núcleos familiares desses colaboradores, acabam sendo os mais beneficiados. Com este estudo, pretendeu-se investigar a seguinte problemática: as empresas do setor de serviços de João Monlevade praticam ações de Responsabilidade Social Corporativa? O objetivo geral foi analisar se as empresas do setor de serviços de João Monlevade praticam ações de RSC da forma como teoria e prática exigem. Ao se aplicar uma pesquisa descritiva, com abordagens qualitativa e quantitativa, chegou-se à conclusão de que as práticas de RSC são irrisórias no setor pesquisado, sendo necessário promover ações que possam garantir que essa técnica de gestão seja implementada a fim de trazer mais benefícios tanto para as empresas quanto para a sociedade. Palavras-chave: Responsabilidade social corporativa. Administração de serviços. Organizações.Study of corporate social responsibility in the services sector of João Monlevade - MGAbstractThis article raised the Corporate Social Responsibility Practices (CSR in Service Delivery Sector of João Monlevade, Minas Gerais. CSR practices are critical to the management process, because the human resources of these organizations, as well as the nuclear families of these employees end up being the most benefited. With this article, we intended to investigate the following issues: do the companies of João Monlevade services industry practice Corporate Social Responsibility actions? The overall objective was to assess whether the companies of João Monlevade services industry practice CSR actions in the waytheory and practice require. After applying a descriptive research with qualitative and quantitative approaches, we came to the

  3. Achievement report for fiscal 2000 on development of technologies to reduce pollutants in oil refining; 2000 nendo sekiyu seisei osen busshitsu teigen nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development has been made on technologies to reduce sulfur content in light oil and on optimization of light oil quality. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000. In the study of enhancing the desulfurization rate in gas oil deep hydrodesulfurization process, it was found that NiHY zeolite having Ni introduced by using the ion exchange method shows stable activity, whereas the target of sulfur content of 50 ppm or lower was achieved by adding the third constituent and by optimizing the impregnation solution to pH3. In the study of the Ni, Mo/alumina catalyst, the desulfurization activity was enhanced by optimization of carrier pore size to 120 to 140 angstroms and by addition of phosphorus and silica, having the target of sulfur content of 50 ppm or lower achieved. In the research of manufacturing low-sulfur light oil using heavy oil desulfurization and hydrocracking, optimization was performed on the catalyst used in the latter stage of heavy oil desulfurization, and evaluation was given on the performance in combination of commercially available hydrometallation catalyst/middle part HDS catalyst/bottom part HDS catalyst. As a result, achievement of the target of sulfur content in the desulfurized light oil of 300 ppm or lower was verified. Life evaluation test is in continuation on the heavy oil hydrocracking catalyst. (NEDO)

  4. FY1995 microalgal biotechnology for recycling of pollutants; 1995 nendo tayona sorui kino wo kiban to suru seibutsuken busshitsu junkangta sogo saishigenka gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The objectives are 1) development of biological processes needed for the treatment of pollutants and the conversion of resulting biomass to value added products such as energy and fine chemicals, and 2) development of techniques for monitoring of both biological and chemical hazards associated with process operation. We developed a microalgal system for simultaneous removal of CO{sub 2}/NO{sub x} from flue gas, as well as an electro-osmotic method for recovery of microalgal cells. A strategy for effective culturing of photoautotrophic cells in photobioreactors was also proposed. We utilized waste algal biomass to produce biosurfactants, and studied about structure-function relationship of lipopeptide biosurfactants. As an energy product, H{sub 2} was produced via lactic acid fermentation of algal biomass. Physiology of marine phytoplankton was also studied in relation to the future mass production of microalgal biomass. A rapid monitoring of microbial populations was possible by using fluorescent probes. An enzyme immunosorbent assay system specific to fish metallothionein was established for the assessment of aquatic environmental pollution. Human herpesvirus latent infection was effectively applied to biological assay of environmental hygiene. (NEDO)

  5. Architecture and construction’s industrialization in the work of João Filgueiras Lima – Lelé

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elza Luli Miyasaka

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Arquitectura e industrialización de la construcción en la obra de João Filgueiras Lima – LeléResumenLa industrialización de un edificio requiere un alto rigor técnico en su diseño y producción. En Brasil, la obra del arquitecto João Filgueiras Lima, “Lelé”, se destaca como un ejemplo del proceso de diseño de los edificios industriales, que abarcan todas las etapas de la construcción. Este artículo ofrece la trayectoria tecnológica de Lele y el desarrollo de la producción industrial a través de sus diversas experiencias en las fábricas para el desempeño de los sistemas de construcción. A continuación, se analiza su producción industrializada en el Marco de Apoyo Comunitario de Ribeirão Preto (São Paulo, Brasil, aún poco conocida. Como método se utilizó un estudio de caso único, con múltiples fuentes de evidencia, tales como entrevistas, observación directa y documentos. De los resultados, parece que “Lelé” ha mejorado constantemente sus prácticas de construcción y elementos industrializados utilizados ya que participó en todo el proceso de construcción de edificios. Aunque se hace uso de la producción en masa, obtiene un apropiado método para el contexto en el que se insertan los edificios complejos. Palabras clave: arquitectura brasileña, arquitectura industrial, diseño constructivo, edificio industrial, industria de la construcción, procesos y técnicas de construcción. Architecture and construction’s industrialization in the work of João Filgueiras Lima – LeléAbstractThe industrialization of a building requires high technical rigor in design and production. In Brazil, the architect João Filgueiras Lima, “Lele” stands out as an example of the design process of industrial buildings, covering all stages of construction. This article provides the technological trajectory of Lele and development of industrial production through their diverse experiences in factories for the performance

  6. Test and research on the production of useful matter with carbon-dioxide-fixed microorganisms. Production of biodegradation plastics with photosynthesized microorganisms. Tansan gas kotei biseibutsu wo mochiita yuyo busshitsu seisan shiken kenkyu. Kogosei biseibutsu ni yoru seibunkaisei plastic seisan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miyasaka, H. (The Kansai Electric Power Co. Inc., Osaka (Japan))

    1994-07-10

    The present report introduces the basic research on the production of PHB (one of the biodegradation plastics) by utilizing the photosynthesized microorganisms. The indigo algae are conveniently used for the genetic operation, because they are genetically inferior and have plasmid (extranuclear ringed DNA). Therefore, a certain type of oceanic indigo algae was used for the present research. As a vector to introduce the PHB-producing gene into the indigo alga cell, hybrid plasmid was prepared by combining the indigo alga plasmid pAQ1 with colon bacillus plasmid vectors pUC19. The thus prepared vectors had an introduction efficiency into about 1000 cells per one vector. A RuBisCO gene of indigo alga cell was selected as a promoter to heighten the activity of PHB-producing gene in that cell. The gene is being further studied in promotion efficiency by combining it with the above vector and PHB-producing gene. 4 figs.

  7. No rastro de Fawcett: a guinada de João de Minas rumo à literatura popular de aventura nos anos 1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Antonio de ALMEIDA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a guinada rumo à literatura popular de massa feita pelo escritor João de Minas. No Brasil dos Anos 30, o mercado editorial foi marcado pela difusão da literatura popular de massa nos gêneros aventura, sentimental e policial, a partir de coleções lançadas pelas maiores editoras. Neste contexto, João de Minas estabeleceu o projeto de fundar o romance popular no País, que começou com a composição do romance de aventuras Horrores e Mistérios dos Sertões Desconhecidos. Publicado em 1934, as três partes da história mostram a virada do escritor rumo ao estilo ligado à ficção popular de massa.

  8. "Artinha de Leitura" by João Simões Lopes Neto (1907: a project for teaching reading and writing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Peres

    2018-03-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this article was to analyze the primer composed in 1907 by João Simões Lopes Neto, natural of Pelotas, Brazil, one of the most important regional writers. We understand it as an artifact capable of revealing not only the author’s assumptions about early teaching reading and writing, but also a broader social project he conceived. Therefore, even though it was not published at the time it was produced, Artinha de leitura is a singular and important document that displays João Simões’ ideas on the teaching of reading and writing, as well as his civic and educational project. It also shows his adherence to the Spelling Reform of the Brazilian Academy of Letters, the main reason Artinha de leitura was not approved by the Council on Public Instruction of the State of Rio Grande do Sul.

  9. Effect of the decommissioned Roger open dump, João Pessoa, Brazil, on local groundwater quality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giulliano de Souza Fagundes

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Throughout 45 years (1958-2003 the solid wastes from João Pessoa were disposed off in the former Roger’s open dump, which is situated adjacent to the mangrove at the sides of Sanhauá river, intensifying environmental problems and threatening the health of people living nearby. Between 1999 and 2003 the decommissioned open dump received wastes from the cities of Cabedelo and Bayeux. Several environmental impacts result from this inadequate disposal of solid wastes, including the pollution of groundwater nearby the former Roger´s open dump, which is the major point of investigation of this paper. The water quality of 6 wells situated in the region of influence of the open dump were monitored. Results have shown that the groundwater near the open dump cannot be drunk by the population without previous treatment, since it has some parameters of water quality in discordance with Brazilian legislation concerned with drinking water. Results have also shown that the level of pollution is higher in the wells closer to the open dump.

  10. [Genetic Study of Primary Dystonias: Recommendations from the Centro Hospitalar São João Neurogenetics Group].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monteiro, Ana; Massano, João; Leão, Miguel; Garrett, Carolina

    2017-04-28

    The primary dystonias are a particular group of dystonias of presumed genetic origin, with a wide age of onset and variable progression. The diagnosis is, therefore, a challenge and the issue of the genetic investigation presents frequently in clinical practice. In the past few years several gene mutations have been identified as causative of primary dystonias. The choice of molecular testing is complex, given the clinical specificities and low frequency of these entities and the cost of genetic testing. It must follow observation by specialized clinicians highly differentiated in this area and be supported by a rational plan of investigation. The Centro Hospitalar São João Neurogenetics Group, a multidisciplinary team of Neurologists and Geneticists with special interest in neurogenetic disorders, devised consensus recommendations for the investigation of the genetic etiology of the primary dystonias, based on international consensus documents and recent published scientific evidence. This manuscript adopts the new classification system for genetic movement disorders, allowing for its systematic and standardized use in clinical practice.

  11. São João da Parnaíba: a demanda do evento sob a ótica do turismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseane da Conceição Sousa

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi realizado com objetivo de analisar o evento São João da Parnaíba (Piauí-Brasil a partir de sua demanda, este por se tratar de um evento cultural surge da fusão de dois segmentos turísticos, sendo eles: turismo cultural e turismo de eventos. Os eventos culturais que tem se tornado importante na atividade turística, dentre os exemplos de maiores expressividade, cita-se as Festas de São João, que por sua vez é o objeto de estudo deste trabalho. Com propósito de identificar turistas no evento, já que este coincide com o período de alta temporada na cidade, a fim de viabilizar a importância do evento como alternativa de turismo em Parnaíba-PI. Para subsidiar o estudo abordaram-se temas como turismo cultural, turismo de eventos, eventos culturais como produto turístico, comportamento do consumidor e breve histórico do São João da Parnaíba. A metodologia aplicada foi através de pesquisa bibliográfica e de campo, nesta utilizou-se questionário e entrevistas para a coleta de dados no trans e pós-evento. Ficou evidente que o evento São João da Parnaíba possui potencial para ser um produto turístico que incremente a oferta turística. Desse modo, o evento é uma oportunidade para um novo segmento turístico e posteriormente o desenvolvimento do turismo em Parnaíba.

  12. Diagnóstico do acondicionamento e transporte de RCCs gerados pelas empresas construtoras da grande João Pessoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirela Oliveira Medeiros

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo é resultado de uma pesquisa exploratória descritiva que teve por objetivo elaborar um diagnóstico quanto ao acondicionamento e transporte dos RCCs (Resíduos da Construção Civil produzidos pelas empresas construtoras da grande João Pessoa nos seus canteiros de obras, tomando como referencial as disposições contidas na Resolução nº. 307/2002 do CONAMA (Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente e na Lei Municipal n°. 11.176/2007. O universo da pesquisa foi composto pelas empresas construtoras de edificações verticais cadastradas no Sindicato da Indústria da Construção Civil de João Pessoa (SINDUSCON-JP e pelas empresas especializadas em transporte de RCCs cadastradas na EMLUR (Autarquia Especial Municipal de Limpeza Urbana. Já a amostra foi composta por dez empresas construtoras que aceitaram participar da pesquisa e que possuíam, no momento da pesquisa, canteiros de obras na grande João Pessoa, e por quatro empresas especializadas em transporte de RCCs que atuam na grande João Pessoa. Os resultados revelam que, apesar das empresas pesquisadas – construtoras e transportadoras – afirmarem possuir conhecimento das legislações relativas ao gerenciamento dos RCCs, o conhecimento demonstrado ainda é muito incipiente e essas empresas ainda não despertaram para as potencialidades dos resíduos quanto à reciclagem.

  13. Expression of BAFF receptors in muscle tissue of myositis patients with anti-Jo-1 or anti-Ro52/anti-Ro60 autoantibodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kryštůfková, Olga; Barbasso Helmers, Sevim; Venalis, Paulius; Malmström, Vivianne; Lindroos, Eva; Vencovský, Jiří; Lundberg, Ingrid E

    2014-10-10

    Anti-Jo-1 and anti-Ro52 autoantibodies are common in patients with myositis, but the mechanisms behind their production are not known. Survival of autoantibody-producing cells is dependent on B-cell-activating factor of the tumour necrosis factor family (BAFF). BAFF levels are elevated in serum of anti-Jo-1-positive myositis patients and are influenced by type-I interferon (IFN). IFN-producing cells and BAFF mRNA expression are present in myositis muscle. We investigated expression of the receptors for BAFF in muscle tissue in relation to anti-Jo-1 and anti-Ro52/anti-Ro60 autoantibodies and type-I IFN markers. Muscle biopsies from 23 patients with myositis selected based on autoantibody profile and 7 healthy controls were investigated for expression of BAFF receptor (BAFF-R), B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) and transmembrane activator and calcium modulator and cyclophilin ligand interactor (TACI). Nineteen samples were assessed for plasma (CD138) and B-cell (CD19) markers. The numbers of positive cells per area were compared with the expression of plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) marker blood dendritic cell antigen-2 (BDCA-2) and IFNα/β-inducible myxovirus resistance-1 protein (MX-1). BAFF-R, BCMA and TACI were expressed in five, seven and seven patients, respectively, and more frequently in anti-Jo-1-positive and/or anti-Ro52/anti-Ro60-positive patients compared to controls and to patients without these autoantibodies (P = BAFF-R: 0.007, BCMA: 0.03 and TACI: 0.07). A local association of receptors with B and plasma cells was confirmed by confocal microscopy. The numbers of CD138-positive and BCMA-positive cells were correlated (r = 0.79; P = 0.001). Expression of BDCA-2 correlated with numbers of CD138-positive cells and marginally with BCMA-positive cells (r = 0.54 and 0.42, respectively; P = 0.04 and 0.06, respectively). There was a borderline correlation between the numbers of positively stained TACI cells and MX-1 areas (r = 0.38, P = 0.08). The expression

  14. Gas and Gas Pains

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to produce gas. Often, relatively simple changes in eating habits can lessen bothersome gas. Certain digestive system disorders, ... such as soda and beer, increase stomach gas. Eating habits, such as eating too quickly, drinking through a ...

  15. Role of Innate Immunity in a Model of Histidyl-tRNA Synthetase (Jo-1)-mediated Myositis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soejima, Makoto; Kang, Eun Ha; Gu, Xinyan; Katsumata, Yasuhiro; Clemens, Paula R.; Ascherman, Dana P.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives Previous work in humans and in animal models supports a key role for histidyl-tRNA synthetase (HRS=Jo-1) in the pathogenesis of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. While most investigations have focused on the ability of HRS to trigger adaptive immune responses, in vitro studies clearly indicate that HRS possesses intrinsic chemokine-like properties capable of activating the innate immune system. The purpose of this study was therefore to examine the ability of HRS to direct innate immune responses in a murine model of myositis. Methods Following intramuscular immunization with soluble HRS in the absence of exogenous adjuvant, selected strains of mice were evaluated at different time points for histopathologic evidence of myositis. ELISA-based assessment of autoantibody formation and CFSE proliferation studies provided complementary measures of B and T cell responses triggered by HRS immunization. Results Compared to appropriate control proteins, a murine HRS fusion protein induced robust, statistically significant muscle inflammation in multiple congenic strains of C57BL/6 and NOD mice. Time course experiments revealed that this inflammatory response occurred as early as 7 days post immunization and persisted for up to 7 weeks. Parallel immunization strategies in DO11.10/Rag2−/− and C3H/HeJ (TLR4−/−) mice indicated that the ability of murine HRS to drive muscle inflammation was not dependent on B cell receptor or T cell receptor recognition and did not require TLR4 signaling. Conclusion Collectively, these experiments support a model in which HRS can trigger both innate and adaptive immune responses which culminate in severe muscle inflammation that is the hallmark of idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. PMID:21280002

  16. Conversa de bois: uma fábula de João Guimarães Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Veloso de Abreu

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta o conto “Conversa de Bois” de João Guimaraes Rosa em uma perspectiva fabular. O conceito de fábula abarca um grande espectro de significações, que vai desde: resumo, intriga, conjunto, construção, até o conceito mais formalista, que lhe dá um sentido mais material.  No entanto, imprimiu-se no gênero como característica principal, o cumprimento de uma ação e o uso do antropomorfismo (quando animais assumem características humanas. Na verdade, essa característica é que define o gênero fábula, pois as personagens principais são animais.  O termo fábula vem do latim, fari, que significa falar ou do grego, phao,significando contar algo.  A narrativa tem uma natureza simbólica e/ou alegórica, retratando uma situação vivida por animais, remetendo-se à situação humana, com o objetivo de transmitir certa moralidade.  Lembrando a estrutura proppiana entende-se que ao explorar a fábula, o autor mineiro recusa o estado efêmero do fazer literário, entendendo-o como constante e cíclico, um eterno exercício de reconhecimento. Não há como encerrar algo essencialmente inclinado a se perpetuar.  A obra literária se emancipa de seu tempo, contexto e espaço, seguindo como expressão autônoma que é. A conversa é de bois e os ouvintes são os humanos.  A literatura e o sertão são do mundo.

  17. [Analytic study of dot blotting for the detection of anti-Jo-1, anti-M2, anti-ribosomes and anti-LKM].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huguet, S; Sghiri, R; Ballot, E; Johanet, C

    2004-01-01

    The Cyto-Dot 4 HM043 kit commercialised by BMD, has replaced the Cyto-Dot HM010 kit that allowed three auto-antibodies detection (anti-Jo-1, anti-M2 and anti-ribosomal protein). Detection of anti-LKM1 auto-antibody was added. These four auto-antibodies have in common only the intracytoplasmic localisation of their respective antigen. The aim of our study was to evaluate this new kit using 104 sera and to compare our results with reference techniques (indirect immunofluorescence IF for anti-M2, anti-ribosomal protein and anti-LKM1, double immunodiffusion ID for anti-Jo-1 and anti-LKM1, western blotting WB for anti-M2) and with Cyto-Dot HM010. The one hundred and four sera were divided into five groups: Group I (n = 12) with anti-Jo-1 detected by ID; Group II (n = 28) with 26 anti-M2 positive by IF and WB, 2 anti-M2 positive only by WB; Group III (n = 10) with anti-ribosomal protein detected by IF 5 of which precipitated by ID; Group IV (n = 32) with anti-LKM1 by IF and ID divided into 18 AIH2 and 14 HCV; Group V (n = 22) consisting of 14 healthy individuals and 8 patients with hypergammaglobulinemia. Results of this study are similar to those of Cyto-Dot HM010 for the three auto-antibodies already in use. Cyto-Dot 4 is a very good anti-LKM1 confirmation method as it is ID. Copyright John Libbey Eurotext 2003.

  18. A comunidade do Timbó (João Pessoa-PB): análise sócio-ambiental e qualidade de vida

    OpenAIRE

    Auxiliadora Clemente Dantas, Maria

    2004-01-01

    Muitas pesquisas sobre o meio social, econômico e natural das favelas ou aglomerados subnormais já foram realizadas. Esta é mais uma e tem como objetivo principal apresentar um diagnóstico sócioambiental da Comunidade do Timbó em João Pessoa (PB), para exemplificar o universo dos aglomerados existentes na capital da Paraíba. Comunidade é o termo preferido pelos moradores dos aglomerados subnormais e pelos órgãos estaduais e municipais que trabalham com sua problemática social. A ...

  19. A política do “rosto Severino” em O homem que virou suco, de João Batista de Andrade

    OpenAIRE

    Brandão, Alessandra Soares; Luz, Júlio César Alves da

    2015-01-01

    Este trabalho tem por objeto uma leitura de O Homem que virou suco (João Batista de Andrade, 1979), a fim de problematizar o viés miserabilista, vitimizante, que rebaixa a figura do imigrante nordestino, pensando-a a partir de uma política do rosto que busque um outro traçado que escape aos traços engessados de uma imagem sua estereotipada, que desfaça os contornos aprisionadores que encerram essa figura na moldura de um retrato despotencializador, historicamente estigmatizada nas telas do ci...

  20. Motiv očesa in poetika pogleda v poeziji Ivana Minattija, Jožeta Udoviča in Gregorja Strniše

    OpenAIRE

    Žižek, Andreja

    2015-01-01

    In the paper, the motif of the eye and the poetics of focalisation are compared and contrasted in three collections of Slovene post-World-War-Two lirical poetry. The motif of eye is emphatically present in works of numerous contemporary poets, but realized in very different ways. Among collections of poems in which the motif is implied already in the title, Gregor Strniša's 1974 collection Oko (The Eye), Jože Udovič's 1982 collection Oko in senca (The Eye and the Shadow), and Ivan Minatti's p...

  1. O poder de denúncia do cordel no cinema: O romance do vaqueiro voador, de João Bosco Bezerra Bonfim e Manfredo Caldas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylvie Debs

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The movie O romance do vaqueiro voador, by Manfredo Caldas, is built departing from the homonymous cordel by João Bosco Bezerra Bonfim – which, on its turn, was inspired by the documentary Brasília segundo Feldman, by Vladimir Carvalho – aiming to tell, denounce and remember the tragedy the building of the city was. This article aims to discuss some questions: why choose as a character a pot cowboy to wander in the places of the tragedy? Why use a cordel to give origin to another movie?

  2. A case of anti-Jo1 myositis with pleural effusions and pericardial tamponade developing after exposure to a fermented Kombucha beverage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derk, Chris T; Sandorfi, Nora; Curtis, Mark T

    2004-08-01

    The pathogenesis of the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies has been postulated to be an environmental trigger causing the expression of the disease in a genetically predisposed patient. We report a case of anti-Jo1 antibody-positive myositis which was associated with pleural effusions, pericardial effusion with tamponade, and 'mechanic's hands', probably related to the consumption of a fermented Kombucha beverage. Kombucha 'mushroom', a symbiosis of yeast and bacteria, is postulated to be the trigger for our patient's disease owing to the proximity of his symptoms to the consumption of the Kombucha beverage.

  3. Minha propriedade, minha vida: as interfaces entre o direito à cidade e a política habitacional na cidade de João Pessoa-PB

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Phillipe Cupertino Salloum e

    2016-01-01

    Diante da importância da luta pela moradia no cotidiano das pessoas, discute-se neste trabalho a relação entre a perpetuação do instituto da propriedade privada, a questão habitacional e o direito à cidade no Brasil a partir da análise das políticas públicas habitacionais iniciadas na Era Getulista e dos primeiros conjuntos habitacionais do Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida direcionados às camadas de baixa renda na cidade de João Pessoa. Tendo como referencial teórico a corrente marxista, utiliz...

  4. [Deforestation in the state of Mato Grosso in the book Journey around Brazil 1875-1878, by the doctor João Severiano da Fonseca].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferraro, Mário Roberto; Figueirôa, Silvia Fernanda de Mendonça

    2017-01-01

    This presents reflections on scientific production issued by the Commission for the Demarcation of the Empire's Border Limits with Bolivia, with a focus on the environmental destruction of Mato Grosso state, as reported in João Severiano da Fonseca's book, Journey around Brazil 1875-1878. Fonseca reported severe deforestation on the banks of the river Paraguay and advocated for protectionist measures from the state government. He set out a vision for Mato Grosso's development that involved better use of the state's natural resources, raw materials exports, and regional industrialization support. The methodology created an interface between environmental history and history of the sciences.

  5. Da senzala ao cortiço : história e literatura em Aluísio Azevedo e João Ubaldo Ribeiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalcastagnè Regina

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa dois romances brasileiros de épocas diferentes - O cortiço, de Aluísio Azevedo, lançado em 1890, e Viva o povo brasileiro, de João Ubaldo Ribeiro, de 1984. Apesar das muitas diferenças que os separam, ambos narram o processo de formação das elites brasileiras, revelando a violência nele envolvida. O naturalismo de Azevedo e o tom paródico de Ribeiro estabelecem, cada um a seu modo, um instigante diálogo com a história brasileira.

  6. O papel dos intelectuais e o campo literário actual em Portugal. Uma conversa com João Barrento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Gago

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Para quem conheça o meio português, João Barrento dispensa quaisquer apresentações. É actualmente uma das vozes mais interessantes em Portugal, que se evidenciou inicialmente pelo trabalho de divulgação da Literatura e Cultura alemãs (de salientar a notabilíssima tradução da obra completa de Goethe, numa época em que Portugal se queria autista. Professsor universitário na Universidade Nova de Lisboa, tradutor, crítico literário com especial afecto pela poesia portuguesa contemporânea, e, last but not least, ensaísta. Esta entrevista foi consequência natural de agradáveis horas em Rostock, após outros encontros felizes em Lisboa, por ocasião da estada nesta cidade hanseática de João Barrento, que amavelmente acedeu ao convite do Instituto Camões para efectuar um seminário compacto de uma semana no Instituto de Românicas em Junho de 2001 sobre a forma do conto na Novíssima Literatura Portuguesa.

  7. Tīmekļa vietnes ar reaģējošu dizainu izstrāde, izmantojot “Laravel” PHP ietvaru

    OpenAIRE

    Vergins, Kristaps

    2015-01-01

    Mūsdienās tīmekļa vietņu pārlūkošanu nodrošina plašs klāsts dažādu ierīču. Cilvēku vidū lielu popularitāti iemantojusi tīmekļa pārlūkošana, izmantojot savus viedtālruņus un planšetdatorus. Protams, lai lietotājs gūtu baudāmu tīmekļa pārlūkošanas pieredzi savā mobilajā ierīcē, ir nepieciešams izstrādāt pielāgotu tīmekļa vietnes versiju. Tieši šim nolūkam arvien vairāk tiek izstrādātas tīmekļa vietnes ar reaģējošu dizainu. Reaģējošs dizains nodrošina iespēju tīmekļa vietni vienlīdz ērti lietot ...

  8. Izboljšanje javne participacije pri prostorskem načrtovanju s pomočjo orodij spleta 2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Bizjak

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Javna participacija (ang. public participation je ena od oblik sodelovanja oziroma udeleževanja javnosti v postopkih prostorskega načrtovanja, ki omogoča posameznikom in skupinam, da izrazijo svoja mnenja, dajejo pobude in aktivno sodelujejo v teh postopkih. Ker je javna participacija pogosto omejena le na dajanje pripomb na že pripravljene prostorske načrte, predvidevamo, da bi jo lahko izboljšali s pomočjo informacijskih tehnologij, in sicer z uporabo novih spletnih orodij. Ena takih novosti je splet 2.0 (ang. web 2.0, koncept, ki je bil prvič predstavljen v letu 2004 in je v svetovni splet prinesel veliko orodij, ki jih koristno uporabljajo socialna omrežja in različne spletne storitve kot participatorne storitve z velikim številom uporabnikov. V članku so analizirane možnosti za medsebojno interakcijo javne participacije in spleta 2.0. Predstavljene so zahteve javne participacije v postopkih prostorskega načrtovanja, osnovna orodja spleta 2.0 in njegove zmožnosti glede omogočanja participacije v procesih prostorskega načrtovanja. V prispevku je ugotovljeno, da so orodja spleta 2.0 zelo uporabna za vključevanje javnosti v procese prostorskega načrtovanja, vendar zahtevajo veliko predpriprav in dobro tehnično osnovo.

  9. Cēsu alus konkurētspēja un to ietekmējošie faktori Latvijas tirgū.

    OpenAIRE

    Baltroka, Krista

    2014-01-01

    Bakalaura darba tēma „Cēsu alus konkurētspēja un to ietekmējošie faktori Latvijas tirgū”. Konkurence ir viens no svarīgākajiem nosacījumiem uzņēmuma pilnveidošanās procesā, stratēģijas izstrādē. Latvijas tirgū, dzērienu nozarē ir liela konkurence, piedāvāto produktu klāsts ir ļoti plašs. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir izpētīt akciju sabiedrības „Cēsu alus” konkurētspēju ietekmējošos faktorus Latvijas tirgū, kā arī izstrādāt priekšlikumus konkurētspējas paaugstināšanai. Kvantitatīvās analīze...

  10. Perlindungan Hukum terhadap Pekerja Anak yang Bekerja Disektor Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Ditinjau dari UU 13 Tahun 2003 Tentang Ketenagakerjaan Jo UU 23 Tahun 2002 Tentang Perlindungan Anak (Studi di Kabupaten Kubu Raya)

    OpenAIRE

    TOMMY SUNJOTO, SH, A.2021131009, Jurnal Mahasiswa S2 Hukum UNTAN

    2016-01-01

    This thesis focuses on the legal protection of child laborers working in the oil palmsector in terms of Act No. 13 of 2003 on Labor jo Law No. 23 of 2002 on theProtection of Anak.Dari study authors using sociological obtained legal researchconclusions: 1) .bahwa conditions of children working in the palm oil sector if it isassociated with article 69 paragraph 2 of Law No. 13 Year 2003 jo Law No. 23 of2002 on Child Protection, everything is not met. It means that there are deviationswere made ...

  11. Trabalho dom?stico: uma an?lise das condi??es de trabalho das empregadas dom?sticas sindicalizadas do munic?pio de Jo?o Pessoa-PB

    OpenAIRE

    Barbosa, Luciana C?ndido

    2013-01-01

    A presente disserta??o tem como objeto de estudo o emprego dom?stico na cidade de Jo?o Pessoa, buscando investigar as condi??es de trabalho das empregadas dom?sticas sindicalizadas do munic?pio de Jo?o Pessoa; ?s dificuldades enfrentadas no trabalho e se a menor qualifica??o e remunera??o dessas empregadas est?o assentadas na perman?ncia do machismo, do racismo e da pobreza na sociedade. Apresenta o contexto hist?rico da categoria g?nero e do feminismo brasileiro, uma leitur...

  12. The preface by João Cabral de Melo Neto to Em Va Fer Joan Brossa: Theory and practice of realism in two poets from the post-war.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melcion Mateu

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1951, the book Em va fer Joan Brossa [Joan Brossa  Made me] was published in Barcelona, with a preface by João Cabral de Melo Neto. It is a useful text to better understand Brossa as well as Cabral; it is a significant text in order to grasp the individual response of these poets to the problem of returning to realism for the early post-war period. A translation of João Cabral de Melo Neto's preface, previously unpublished in Portuguese, is presented here.

  13. FY 1999 report on the results of the technology development for abatement of pollutants related to oil refining; 1999 nendo sekiyu seisei osen busshitsu teigen nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The technologies are developed for efficiently, economically improving quality of automobile fuels by, e.g., abatement of environmental pollutants present in the oil products. For improvement of hydrodesulfurization rate of gas oil deep hydrodesulfurization process, the catalyst components high in isomerization ability of the hard-to-desulfurize compounds are investigated, and effectiveness of zeolite is confirmed. For production of low-sulfur gas oil by hydrodesulfurization and hydrocracking of heavy oil, the catalyst with small pores is preferable for desulfurization of gas oil as the co-product of the treatment of heavy oil in the presence of catalyst for heavy oil desulfurization. For hydrocracking, the catalysts are prepared, on a trial basis, for achieving the target gas oil sulfur content of 10ppm or less by optimizing the zeolite and matrix properties. For suitability of gas oil qualities, it is found that the hydrogenation step is the rate-determining step among the reaction routes involved in the hydrogenation of difficult-to-desulfurize compounds. The data of low-sulfur gas oil qualities in Europe are collected. (NEDO)

  14. Protagonista-protótipo: o individualismo contemporâneo em O quieto animal da esquina de João Gilberto Noll

    OpenAIRE

    Gleidston Alis Mendes de Campos

    2014-01-01

    A obra do escritor gaúcho João Gilberto Noll tem ganhado notório destaque dentro da Literatura Brasileira Contemporânea por sua linguagem particular e sua abordagem de temas caros aos estudos literários e culturais em nossa época, tais como a errância pelo espaço urbano; o corpo ou o sexo como espaço de degradação e resistência; o papel ou o espaço do intelectual na contemporaneidade; a subversão ou superação de antigos valores da sociedade; entre outros. Esse destaque tem se refletido em div...

  15. Epistolários e preservação da memória : a correspondência de João Penha

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Pereira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to their hybrid nature, moving back and forth between life and literature, the letters exchangedby writers constitute valuable documents, not only preserving the biographic memory of their author, but alsoproviding raw material for textual scholars, as already stated by Gérard Genette. The legacy of João Penha(*1839 †1919 may be considered a good example, since the studies on this poet have greatly benefited fromthe use of his correspondence. The letters exchanged by Penha represent not only explicit testimonies of hisideas as a man and as an artist, but are also indirect sources on his work, contextualizing the paths of literarycreation and thus enriching critical edition.

  16. RURALIDADES E TURISMO: A cultura rural no município de São João do Polêsine/RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Lindner

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O turismo possui íntima relação com a cultura, pois ele se utiliza dela como um atrativo. Conhecer diferentes culturas é prática instigante. O turismo rural no Brasil vem chamando a atenção dos habitantes de áreas urbanas, como uma forma de vivenciar experiências diversas de seu cotidiano, assim como conhecer a cultura e os modos de vida das populações rurais. A cultura rural, dessa maneira, se manifestada através das ruralidades. É nesse sentido que este artigo busca analisar como as ruralidades vem sendo exploradas como produto turístico no município de São João do Polêsine/RS. Palavras chave: Turismo Rural. Ruralidades. Cultura. 

  17. Jean-François Gallotte, Joëlle Malberg, Carbone 14 le film, Les Mutins de Pangée

    OpenAIRE

    Curien, Julie

    2014-01-01

    Carbone 14 le film est un témoignage sur le mouvement des radios libres, à travers l'exemple de « Carbone 14 », « la radio active » devenue « la radio qui vous encule par les oreilles ». Filmé en 4 jours à la rentrée 1982, avec du matériel volé, le film ovni de Jean-François Galotte et Joëlle Malberg est sélectionné au Festival de Cannes en 1983. Il fait un tollé qui retombe comme une crêpe, aux oubliettes : on n'en parle plus avant... 2011, trente ans après la création de la radio culte et c...

  18. Socioeconomic factors, nutritional risk, and enamel defects in children from João Pessoa, Paraíba State, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Massoni, Andreza Cristina de Lima Targino; Oliveira, Andressa Feitosa Bezerra de; Chaves, Ana Maria Barros; Sampaio, Fábio Correia; Rosenblatt, Aronita

    2007-01-01

    O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar fatores associados ao risco nutricional ao longo do primeiro ano de vida em crianças de baixo nível sócio-econômico de João Pessoa, Paraíba, Região Nordeste do Brasil. E determinar a freqüência de defeitos do esmalte, associando-a ao risco nutricional. O estudo foi realizado com 117 crianças, 56 com risco nutricional e 61 eutróficas. Em domicílio, realizaram-se avaliação nutricional, exame clínico dos elementos dentais e entrevistas com as mães. Na matern...

  19. Corispermum intermedium, C. hyssopifolium un C. leptopterum augu sabiedrības, to ietekmējošie faktori un taksonu radniecība

    OpenAIRE

    Peipiņa, Ieva

    2015-01-01

    Latvijas endēmam Corispermum intermedium un svešzemju sugām C. hyssopifolium ar C. leptopterum ir ļoti līdzīga gan morfoloģija, gan ekoloģiskie apstākļi. Literatūrā trūkst datu par Corispermum augu sabiedrībām un to sastopamības noteicošajiem ekoloģiskajiem faktoriem. Maģistra darba mērķis – noteikt jūras piekrastes smiltājos sastopamo kamieļzāļu augu sabiedrību piederību un to ietekmējošos faktorus, kā arī C. intermedium, C. hyssopifolium un C. leptopterum radniecību. Corispermum augu ...

  20. Dinoflagellate cyst assemblages from two contrasting sites in the Azores (Portugal) - Horta Bay and D. João de Castro Seamount

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ribeiro, Sofia; Amorim, Ana

    , to prevent cyst germination. Laboratory procedures involved wet sieving of ca. 20ml of sediment per site and concentration by centrifugation using a heavy-liquid, to maximize the recovery of the cyst fraction. Permanent slides were mounted with aliquots of the rich cyst fraction and examined under the light...... belonging to 15 different taxa were recovered. The 2 sites had a similar species richness (S=11) but different trophic and taxa composition. The embayment sample (Horta Harbour) was rich in Protoperidinium and Scrippsiella-like cysts (with no and -like cysts (with no calcareous walls probably due...... observed Protoceratium reticulatum maximum abundances in maximum abundances in shelf and slope-rise zone sediments. The fact that D. João de Castro Bank was dominated by recently formed cysts of this species suggests that this seamount constitutes an ecological niche which favours coastal...

  1. Canções d’um vagabundo: João Penha e a viagem por terra ao país dos sonhos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsa Pereira

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to address some of the modulations of the Voyage in the literary work of João Penha (*1839 -1919. Paratextually displayed in several books by this author, the Journey becomes a recurrent topic, alternating the perigrinatio literaris with the ups and downs of the peregrinatio amoris. This imaginary and interior journey (which could be included in the first area that Maria Alzira Seixo identified on the Poetics of the Voyage coincides, in short, with a deep motus animi continuus of the poet, who succeeded in condensing the interpretation key of his work in the most original and controversial of his titles: The Overland Journey to the Dreamland.

  2. Note Bibliografiche: Rochon L.-P. e Rossi S. (2017: A Modern Guide to Rethinking Economics; Jo T.-H., Chester L. e D’Ippoliti C. (2017: The Routledge Handbook of Heterodox Economics. Theorizing, Analyzing, and Transforming Capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcella Corsi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Review of  ROCHON L.-P., ROSSI S. (2017: A Modern Guide to Rethinking Economics; and of Jo T.-H., Chester L., D’Ippoliti C. (2017: The Routledge Handbook of Heterodox Economics. Theorizing, Analyzing, and Transforming Capitalism.

  3. A guitarra Trio inspirada em Johnny Alf e João Donato : uma abordagem do estilo de interpretação de Johnny Alf e João Donato ao piano, direcionada a performance da guitarra em contexto instrumental trio (guitarra, contra-baixo e bateria/percussão)

    OpenAIRE

    Alexis da Silveira Bittencourt

    2006-01-01

    Resumo: Este trabalho parte da tese de que o estilo interpretativo ao piano, em contexto instrumental Trio (piano, contra-baixo e seção rítmica), de Johnny Alf e João Donato, constitui uma espécie de elo norteador à interpretação da música popular brasileira a partir da segunda metade do século passado, com raízes no samba e forte influência jazzista. Tem, portanto, o objetivo de definir esse elo e demonstrar como esse pode ser uma valiosa referência ao guitarrista, servindo de fonte para est...

  4. Vulnerabilidade no manejo dos resíduos de serviços de saúde de João Pessoa (PB, Brasil Vulnerability of management of waste from health services in João Pessoa, State of Paraíba (Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoly Souza Ramos

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Observa-se na academia a discussão sobre os resíduos sólidos urbanos (RSU, sendo os oriundos de serviços de saúde (RSS parte integrante dos RSU, não necessariamente pela quantidade gerada, mas pelo potencial de risco que afeta à saúde coletiva e ambiental. Objetivou-se verificar a vulnerabilidade do manejo dos RSS, nos estabelecimentos de atenção primária, secundária e terciária de João Pessoa - PB. Foi uma pesquisa quantitativa, exploratória e descritiva do manejo dos RSS, tendo como instrumentos de coleta de dados checklist e avaliação analítica da vulnerabilidade do manejo dos RSS. Percebeu-se que 21,05% dos estabelecimentos não realizam segregação, 26,34% não padronizam os sacos plásticos e 47,37% dos trabalhadores responsáveis pela coleta não possuem treinamento para o manuseio dos RSS. Conclui-se que a vulnerabilidade do manejo dos RSS de João Pessoa - PB foi significativo 48,02%, podendo contribuir para a deterioração da saúde ambiental e coletiva, acarretando problema de saúde pública.The discussion in the academy on solid urban waste residues (UWR is analyzed, with health service waste (HSW being an integral part of UWR, not necessarily in terms of the amount generated, but due to the risk potential to collective and environmental health. The scope of the study was to verify the vulnerability of UWR handling in primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare units in João Pessoa in the state of Paraíba. This involved a quantitative, exploratory and descriptive investigation of the handling of UWR, using a checklist and analytical evaluation of the vulnerability of HSW handling for data collection. It was detected that 21.05% of the establishments failed to separate hazardous waste, 26.34% did not standardize plastic disposal bags, and 47.37% of the workers responsible for collection were not trained to handle HSW. It was concluded that the vulnerability of HSW handling in João Pessoa in the order of 48

  5. Gas turbine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yang, Ok Ryong

    2004-01-01

    This book introduces gas turbine cycle explaining general thing of gas turbine, full gas turbine cycle, Ericson cycle and Brayton cycle, practical gas turbine cycle without pressure loss, multiaxial type gas turbine cycle and special gas turbine cycle, application of basic theory on a study on suction-cooling gas turbine cycle with turbo-refrigerating machine using the bleed air, and general performance characteristics of the suction-cooling gas turbine cycle combined with absorption-type refrigerating machine.

  6. Elites em perspectiva: uma discussão sobre hierarquias, composição da riqueza e consolidação dos grupos hegemônicos em São João del Rei = Elites in perspective: a discussion about hierarchies, composition of wealth and consolidation of hegemonic groups in São João del Rei

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melo, Keila Cecília de

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa aspectos econômicos da elite colonial mineira a partir de meados do século XVIII, mediante a investigação empírica da sociedade de São João Del Rei. O comércio em São João assumiu um papel central na liquidez da economia regional, permitindo a formação de grupos hegemônicos no século XIX. Mas há ainda muitas dúvidas sobre quem era essa elite no século XVIII. Com base em pesquisa prosopográfica que reconstrói os caminhos dos homens arrolados por Domingos Nunes Vieira como os mais ricos da capitania de Minas Gerais no ano de 1756, percebemos que a elite mineira que se formou no século XVIII diferia dos padrões mais gerais para a caracterização de grupos hegemônicos em outras regiões do Brasil, no mesmo período

  7. Satisfação no trabalho: um estudo entre os funcionários dos hotéis de João Pessoa Satisfaction in working: a study on the hotel employees in João Pessoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Aleixo da Silva Junior

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo verificar o nível de satisfação no trabalho, entre os funcionários dos hotéis de João Pessoa, tendo como referencial a teoria dos dois fatores de Frederick Herzberg. Dos 456 funcionários nos 14 hotéis com capacidade a partir de 70 leitos, foram estudados 69, provenientes dos hotéis da praia e dos hotéis centrais. Os dados foram coletados mediante um questionário e, em seguida, após a análise chegou-se à conclusão de que os funcionários estão satisfeitos no trabalho.This study aims to verify the level of satisfaction at work among the hotel employees in João Pessoa and it based on Frederick Herzberg’s two factory theory. It was taken a sample of 69 subjects out of 456 employees of the 14 beach and downtown hotels with a minimum capacity of 70 bedrooms. Those employees were given a questionnaire in order to get all the needed data. The conclusions drawn from the analysis was that the employees are satisfied with their jobs.

  8. Papel do enfermeiro da atenção básica de saúde na abordagem ao dependente de drogas em João Pessoa, PB, Brasil Rol del enfermero de la atención básica de salud sobre el abordaje a los usuarios de drogas en João Pessoa, PB, Brasil Nurse's role on basic health care regarding to the approach to drug addicted in João Pessoa, PB, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karelline Izaltemberg Vasconcelos Rosenstock

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Estudo de abordagem qualitativa realizado com enfermeiras da Estratégia Saúde da Família em João Pessoa, PB, brasil. O objetivo foi investigar o papel destes enfermeiros na abordagem aos dependentes de drogas, analisando estratégias de cuidados básicos de enfermagem aplicados a estes usuários. A seleção para participar do estudo seguiu o critério de aceitação. Os dados foram coletados através de entrevista semi-estruturada, priorizando a fala dos participantes. Constatou-se a carência na formação profissional dos enfermeiros em relação à dependência de drogas, restringindo suas ações ao encaminhamento dos usuários a serviços mais especializados em saúde mental. Deve-se redefinir a atenção, colocando um novo paradigma de saúde como direito e construção social comunitária, a partir de uma visão globalizante dos processos de interação social.Estudio de abordaje cualitativo, realizado con personal de enfermería en la Estrategia de Salud de la Familia en João Pessoa/PB. Lo objetivo fue investigar el rol de los enfermeros en el enfoque para dependientes de las drogas, el examen de las estrategias básicas para la atención de enfermería aplicado a estos usuarios. La selección para el estudio siguió el criterio de aceptación. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas semi-estructuradas, centrándose el discurso de los participantes. Es la falta de formación de los enfermeras sobre dependencia a drogas, limitando sus acciones de la ruta de los usuarios de los servicios más especializados en salud mental. Usted debe reiniciar el centro, poniendo un nuevo paradigma de la salud como el derecho comunitario y de construcción social, desde una visión global de los procesos de interacción social.Qualitative study conducted with nurses from the Family Health Strategy in João Pessoa, PB, Brasil. The purpose was to investigate the nurses' role in the approach to the drug addict, analyzing the strategies

  9. De didata de méritos reconhecidos a representative-man da escola tradicional: as interlocuções do educador paulista João Toledo - Of recognized merit taught a representative-man of traditional school: the dialogues of the educator of São Paulo João Toledo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Lourdes Pinheiro, Brasil

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Pela discussão de um dado momento da educação paulista (1925-1934, o artigo traz à luz um educador que defendeu uma proposta de educação para uma escola brasileira pautada por modelos de lição. Formado complementarista quando a ênfase dada à formação do professor primário fundamentava-se na pedagogia tida como arte de ensinar, João Toledo era adepto de concepções herbartianas e não aderiu à proposta da escola nova. No cenário das décadas de 20 e 30 figurou como autor de livros e artigos em revistas, sendo considerado por uns como didata de méritos reconhecidos e por outros como representative-man da escola tradicional.Palavras-chave: João Toledo, educação paulista, formação de professores. DE RECONOCIDO PRESTIGIO ENSEÑÓ A REPRESENTANTE-MAN DE LA ESCUELA TRADICIONAL: LOS DIÁLOGOS DEL EDUCADOR DEL SÃO PAULO JOÃO TOLEDOResumenPara una discusión sobre la educación que se imparte tiempo paulista (1925-1934, el artículo pone de manifiesto un educador que abogó por una propuesta de educación para una escuela brasileña guiado por modelos de la lección. Complementarism forman cuando el énfasis en la formación de maestros primarios se basó en la pedagogía de la enseñanza visto como el arte, John Taylor era experto en concepciones herbartiana y no se unió a la nueva escuela propuesta. En el contexto de las décadas del 20 y 30 figuraba como autor de libros y artículos de revistas, es considerada por algunos que se les enseñe los méritos reconocidos por los demás como representante de la escuela tradicional-hombre.Palabras-clave: João Toledo, São Paulo la educación, la formación de los profesores OF RECOGNIZED MERIT TAUGHT A REPRESENTATIVE-MANOF TRADITIONAL SCHOOL: THE DIALOGUES OF THE EDUCATOR OF SÃO PAULO JOÃO TOLEDOAbstractFor a discussion of a given moment of education of São Paulo (1925-1934, the article brings to light an educator who advocated an education proposal for a Brazilian school

  10. Goldstone radar images of near-Earth asteroids (469896) 2007 WV4, 2014 JO25, 2017 BQ6, and 2017 CS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brozovic, Marina; Benner, Lance A. M.; Naidu, Shantanu P.; Giorgini, Jon D.; Busch, Michael; Jao, Joseph; Lee, Clement; Snedeker, Lawrence; Silva, Marc; Slade, Martin A.; Lawrence, Kenneth J.

    2017-10-01

    We report Goldstone delay-Doppler radar imaging of four NEAs obtained during February-June 2017. The signal-to-noise ratios were very strong for each object and we obtained detailed images with range resolutions as fine as 3.75 m/pixel. Delay-Doppler imaging revealed that 2017 BQ6 is a strikingly angular object roughly ~200 m in diameter with a rotation period of ~3 h. The multi-faceted shape is puzzling assuming a rubble-pile structure of this asteroid. 2017 CS was discovered by Pan-STARRS 1 on February 2 and approached within 8 lunar distances on May 29. 2017 CS appears rounded on large scales but has considerable fine-scale topography evident along its leading edges. The images suggest a diameter of ~1 km and rotation visible in the images is consistent with the 40 h rotation period obtained independently by from photometry by P. Pravec (pers. comm.). The highest resolution images show evidence for meter-size boulders, ridges, and broad concavities. 2007 WV4 was imaged in late May and early June. 2007 WV4 appears distinctly angular, with a diameter in the realm of 900 meters, and with at least three large facets more than 100 m in extent. Tracking of features in the images gives a rotation period of about 12 hours. The echoes show a persistent, small topographic feature that extends out from the surface. The nature of this feature is unknown, but it may be a large boulder similar to Yoshinodai seen on 25143 Itokawa. 2014 JO25 approached within 4.6 lunar distances on April 19. This was the closest encounter by an asteroid with an absolute magnitude brighter than 18 known in advance until 2027, when 1999 AN10 will approach within one lunar distance. Radar imaging shows that 2014 JO25 is an irregular object, which consists of two components connected by a narrow neck. The asteroid has a long axis of about 1 km and a short axis of roughly 600 m. The 3.75 m range resolution imaging placed thousands of pixels on the object and reveals ridges, hills, concavities, flat

  11. Sustentabilidade em Silvânia (GO: o caso dos assentamentos rurais São Sebastião da Garganta e João de Deus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Batista Alves

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available A proposta básica do trabalho foi analisar e verificar a sustentabilidade nos assentamentos São Sebastião da Garganta (ASSG e João de Deus (AJD no município de Silvânia (GO. Aplicou-se questionário com variáveis socioeconômicas, ambientais e de capital social, que possibilitaram os cálculos dos respectivos índices: Índice de Desenvolvimento Socioeconômico (Idese de 0,6779 e 0,2868; Índice Ambiental (IA de 0,6470 e 0,2742; e Índice de Capital Social (IKS de 0,8939 e 0,2778, que permitiram a composição pela média aritmética simples do Índice de Sustentabilidade (IS, que atingiu o valor de 0,7396 e 0,2796, respectivamente, para ASSG e AJD, caracterizando nível médio de sustentabilidade no primeiro e nível baixo de sustentabilidade no segundo. Os valores dos índices em separado indicaram que ocorreu nível médio de desenvolvimento socioeconômico, alto de capital social e médio no aspecto ambiental para o ASSG e níveis baixos de desenvolvimento socioeconômico, de capital social e no aspecto ambiental para o AJD.The basic proposal of this study was to analyze and verify the sustainability in the settlements of São Sebastião da Garganta (ASSG and João de Deus (AJD in the Silvânia city, Goiás state. Questionnaire with socioeconomic, environmental and social capital variables was applied, which helped to calculate: Socioeconomic Development Index (Idese of 0.6779 and 0.2868; Environmental Index (IA of 0.6470 and 0.2742; Social Capital Index (IKS of 0.8939 and 0.2778, which allowed the composition by the simple arithmetic average of the Sustainability Index (IS, that reached the value of 0.7396 and 0.2796, for ASSG and AJD, respectively, showing the average level of sustainability in the first and a low level of sustainability in the second. The values of each index separately indicated an average level of socioeconomic development, high level of social capital and an average level of the environmental aspect in the ASSG

  12. Formatação dos processos judiciais que demandam medicamentos no Município de João Pessoa-PB, 2009-2012

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    Rildeane Alves Gabriel

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa é parte do projeto SIMSUS - Sistema de Informação sobre Medicamentos do Sistema Único de Saúde: acessibilidade e uso racional. Faz-se uma análise dos elementos que compõem os processos judiciais que demandam aquisição de medicamentos no município de João Pessoa. A pesquisa foi realizada na Gerencia de Medicamentos do Município de João Pessoa (GEMAF; foram analisados todos os processos judiciais que demandavam a aquisição de medicamentos nos anos de 2009 a 2012. Para a coleta de dados foi estruturado um roteiro com questões referentes a: perfil do usuário (idade, sexo, região onde reside e perfil do processo judicial (documentos que o compunham e existência, nos autos, de laudo médico, exames, o código da Classificação Internacional de Doenças (CID. As informações foram sistematizadas em razão da composição do processo judicial e da natureza farmacológica do produto solicitado. Foi constatada a falta de um padrão na estruturação dos processos e a ausência frequente de informações fundamentais para análise da pertinência farmacológica do medicamento. Evidenciou-se que grande parte dos processos não trazia informações sobre a idade do usuário, a CID ou a duração do tratamento. Concluiu-se pela necessidade de articulação entre o Gestor Municipal e o Poder Judiciário sobre a padronização das informações dos processos judiciais, nos aspectos formais de composição do processo.

  13. Goldstone radar imaging of near-Earth asteroids (469896) 2007 WV4, 2014 JO25, 2017 BQ6, and 2017 CS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naidu, S.; Benner, L.; Brozovic, M.; Giorgini, J. D.; Busch, M.; Jao, J. S.; Lee, C. G.; Snedeker, L. G.; Silva, M. A.; Slade, M. A.; Lawrence, K. J.

    2017-12-01

    We present Goldstone radar imaging of four near-Earth asteroids during Feb-Jun 2017. The signal-to-noise ratios were very strong for each object and we obtained detailed images with range resolutions as fine as 3.75 m/pixel. 2017 BQ6 was discovered on Jan 26 and approached Earth within 6.5 lunar distances on Feb 7. Radar images show that it is a strikingly angular object roughly 200 m in diameter with a rotation period of 3 h. Its multi-faceted shape challenges the expectation that it is a rubble pile. 2017 CS was discovered on Feb 2 and approached within 8 lunar distances on May 29. It appears rounded on large scales but has considerable fine-scale topography evident along its leading edges. The images suggest a diameter of 1 km and a spin period consistent with the 40 h period obtained from photometry by P. Pravec (pers. comm.). The highest resolution images show evidence for meter-size boulders, ridges, and broad concavities. 2007 WV4 was imaged in late May and early June, has a diameter of 900 meters, and appears distinctly angular with at least three large facets > 100 m in extent. Tracking of features in the images gives a rotation period of about 12 hours. 2014 JO25 approached within 4.6 lunar distances on April 19. This was the closest encounter by an asteroid with an absolute magnitude brighter than 18 known in advance until 2027, when 1999 AN10 will approach within one lunar distance. Radar imaging shows that 2014 JO25 is an irregular object, consisting of two components connected by a narrow neck. The asteroid has pole on dimensions of roughly 1 x 0.6 km in the images. Imaging with 3.75 m/pixel resolution places thousands of pixels on the object and reveals ridges, concavities, flat regions up to 200 meters long, and radar-bright spots suggestive of boulders. Tracking of features in the images yields a rotation period of about 4.5 hours that is among the fastest of the 50 known contact binaries in the near-Earth population.

  14. Fiscal 1998 achievement report on regional consortium research and development project. Venture business fostering regional consortium--Creation of key industries (Development of trace pollutant measuring device); 1998 nendo biryo kankyo busshitsu sokutei device no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For measuring trace pollutants and for establishing a simplified high-speed method of assessing their impacts, research and development efforts are exerted to build measuring devices to meet the purpose. In relation with air pollutants, researches are conducted to develop a passive sampler technology-aided measuring devices capable of on-site analyses of trace pollutants. For the development of microchips to be the nuclei of such devices, studies are conducted about a gas absorbing chip consisting of porous quartz glass and a passive sampler installed thereon, a chemical reaction chip on which absorbed NO{sub 2} ions react with a fluorescent reagent, and an optical detection chip capable of high-sensitivity detection of a fluorescent substance generated by an ultraviolet emission device. As the result, an A4 size prototype of a trace NO{sub 2} measuring device is developed using a fluorescence detecting microchip system. In addition, a simplified measuring device is developed, in which gas absorbed at a polymer film flows in a very thin plastic-formed channel to reach an electrochemical detection system for measurement, and the device is found to work effectively. (NEDO)

  15. Application of resin lining system for countermeasures for preventing leakage from openings in low temperature materials storage; Teion busshitsu chozoji no ekimore oyobi reiki more taisaku toshite no kobunshikei zairyo no tekiyosei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inada, Y. [Ehime Univ., Ehime (Japan). Faculty of Engineering; Seki, S.

    1996-12-21

    Recently, many of the low temperature materials such as LNG and LPG used as an energy substitution for petroleum were stored in the reclaimed land of the sea side district, however, it is necessary for those storage methods to enlarge sites. Therefore, it was considered to directly store the low temperature materials in openings excavated in the rock mountains. However, countermeasures for leakage of liquid and cold gas from cracks in openings would be an important subject. In this study, as a countermeasure for leakage of liquid and cold gas in the case in which low temperature materials were stored in openings in the rock mountains, the lining of resin materials on the surface of openings was proposed. Characteristics of strength and deformation and values of the thermal physical properties for the resin materials at the low temperature were obtained by experiments. This material was compared with granite supposed as a parent rock, and the thermal property of the resin materials was understood. Next, an analysis was conducted in the case of using the resin materials as a lining, the behavior of the surrounding rocks of the openings and the stability of the lining were investigated. 17 refs., 25 figs., 2 tabs.

  16. Heat and mass transfer in a reforming catalyst bed. Analytical prediction of distributions in the catalyst bed; Kaishitsu shokubaiso ni okeru netsu oyobi busshitsu ido. Suchi kaiseki ni yoru sonai bunpu no yosoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Usami, Y [Tokyo Electric Power Co. Inc., Tokyo (Japan); Fukusako, S; Yamada, M [Hokkaido University, Sapporo (Japan)

    2000-01-25

    Heat and mass transfer characteristics within a reforming catalyst bed have been analytically investigated. A numerical analysis was carried out in a two-dimensional steady-state model of reforming catalyst layer. Reforming tube was filled with catalyst and the tube wall was uniformly heated, a mixture of steam and methane was reformed through the catalyst bed. Predicted temperature, formed gas composition, methane conversion rate, and heat transfer coefficient distributions in the catalyst layer showed good agreement with experimental data. The effects of space velocity, steam carbon molar ratio, and wall temperature on the heat transfer coefficient were analytically presented. From temperature and composition distributions simulated by two-dimensional analysis, the effects of these factors above mentioned and diffusion on the transport phenomena were qualitatively predicted. (author)

  17. First Experience and the Effectiveness of Immunomodulating Treatment in Inflammatory Demyelinating CNS Diseases: Analysis of Nine Patients / Imūnmodulējošās Terapijas Efektivitāte Centrālās Nervu Sistēmas Iekaisīgu Saslimšanu Gadījumos: Deviņu Pacientu Analīze

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vainšteine Lana

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Terapeitiska plazmas apmaiņa (TPA tiek lietota noteiktu neiroloģisku saslimšanu gadījumos ar mērķi no organisma izvadīt imūnglobulīnus un citas imunoloģiski aktīvas substances. Pētījumā tika ietverti un izvērtēti pacienti, kas ārstējās Rīgas Austrumu klīniskajā universitātes slimnīcā “Gaiļezers” Neiroloģijas un neiroķirurģijas klīnikā, multiplās sklerozes vienībā ar diagnozēm: multiplo sklerozi (MS, recivējoši remitējošu norisi (balstoties uz 2010. gadā izstrādātajiem McDonald kritērijiem (pieci pacienti, optiskā neiromielīta spektra saslimšanu (trīs pacienti un optisku neiromielītu (viens pacients. Visi slimības saasinājumi tika apstiprināti, balstoties uz atbilstošiem klīniskajiem kritērijiem. Pacientu redzes traucējumus izvērtēja oftalmologs, savukārt neiroloģisko stāvokli - neirologs. Visi pacienti terapijas ietvaros 5-7 dienas saņēma metilprednizonu 1000 mg intravenozi sistēmu veidā. Invaliditātes izvērtēšanas skalas (IIS punktu skaits MS grupā bija 4,0-9,0 un 3,5-6,5 pēc TPA. Pacientiem ar optiskā neiromielīta spektra slimību IIS punktu skaits bija 8,0-8,5 diapazonā stacionēšanas laikā un 6,5-8,0 diapazonā pēc TPA. Vienam pacientam ar NMO spektra slimību bija labs rezultāts pēc TPA, IIS punktu skaits bija 3,5, bet pārējiem diviem bija tikai minimāls uzlabojums līdz 7,5. Optiska neiromielīta pacientam pēc TPA, izvērtējot klīniskos simptomus saasinājuma sākumā un pēc 1 mēneša, uzlabojumu nenovēroja.

  18. Sending carmelites to Portuguese America in 1580: the letter from Friar João Cayado as a guideline for action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Cabral Honor

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Starting with the narrative of the expeditions to conquer Paraíba River, this article attempts to understand the role assigned to the four carmelite friars who boarded in the fleet of Frutuoso Barbosa in 1580. These religious men carried a letter written by Friar João Cayado, the superior of the Portuguese Carmelite Province, which established the first operational guidelines for the Calced Carmelite missionaries travelling to Portuguese territories, besides delegating the necessary powers to the friars for the consolidation of the Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel in America. Based on these indications, the friars metamorphosed the way they worked, adapting to the local demands by taking the opportunities that arose. Despite the adjustments, the main goal of the work of these religious men in Brazil, which was to meet the spiritual demands of natives and the ordinary population, did not change. The same guideline that directed the carmelites to America was also responsible for the decay of the Order and its near extinction in Brazil in the 19th century.

  19. João Pereira da Silva, Francisco Adolfo de Varnhagen et les malheurs de l'histoire moderne du Brésil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armelle Enders

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Peu d´historiens se sont consacrés à l´histoire du Brésil indépendant sous l`Empire et João Manuel Pereira da Silva et Francisco Adolfo de Varnhagen constituent deux exceptions à cette règle. Véritable succès de libraire, le livre de Pereira da Silva História da Fundação do Império Brasileiro, en 7 gros volumes publiés á partir de 1864, est cependant  vite discrédité, ainsi que son auteur, qui tombe dans l´oubli. Varnhagen ne doit pas sa gloire à ses travaux sur l´indépendance , édités longtemps après sa mort. Ces mésaventures historiographiques posent le problème de la légitimité de l´histoire contemporaine et les difficiles rapports de celle-ci avec la politique et la monarchie brésilienne.

  20. Management tools used by providers of accounting services in small and medium enterprises of João Pessoa Metropolitan Region

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    Anderson de Queiroz Henriques Coutinho

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The Management Accounting has several tools that can provide administrative support to the entities in the decision-making process. Therefore, this study aimed to make a survey on the use of these tools by the companies providing accounting services responsible for accounting of Small and Medium Enterprises located in the metropolitan area of João Pessoa. The method used was the bibliographical and descriptive. In order to obtain the information needed to perform the study, semi-structured questionnaire was used, with closed and open questions, applied to the leaders of 31 accounting companies from an universe of 135 registered and active in Paraíba Accounting Regional Council in 2013. The knowledge and application of the management tools by the office was verified - the results indicate that accountants know most of the tools, but they do not apply these tools in their clients in the same proportion. This scenario was partially justified when they answered during the survey that the Implantation Phase is considered the most difficult to apply the tools in their clients. Among the management tools, Cash Flow and the Strategic Planning were the most cited about knowledge and applicability, on the other hand, the PROCEM certificate and Downsizing were the least mentioned.

  1. The colours of a 16th century panel painting, from the church of Pavia (Mora, Portugal, attributed to Francisco João

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    Helena Pinheiro de Melo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The main altar of the church of Pavia (Mora, South of Portugal shows a 16th century panel painting depicting The Conversion of Saint Paul attributed to Francisco João, a local painter, born in Évora, active in that region between 1563 and 1595. With the aim of identifying the materials responsible for the colours exhibited by the painting and characterizing its technique, the panel was examined in situ with the naked eye and with the help of a magnifying lens. Nine paint samples were collected for analysis by optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy - energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (SEM-EDX, Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR and high-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC. On top of a ground layer made of gypsum and animal glue, the painting was done with lead white, lead-tin yellow, ochre, minium, red ochre, vermillion, azurite, verdigris or copper resinate, carbon black and a non identified red lake. In most cases, the samples show a succession of two or three layers of paint over the ground. Generally, this structure results from the modelling work of the painter and not from overlapping motives. In each layer, the colours were usually created by mixtures of a coloured pigment with white. In two cases, the pigments were used pure. Only the red areas show mixtures of a larger number of materials.

  2. Corpo aberto, rua sem saída. Cartografia da pegação em João Pessoa

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    Thiago de Lima Oliveira

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho se insere na interseção entre os estudos de gênero e a antropologia urbana. A pesquisa etnográfica foi desenvolvida entre os anos de 2012 e 2014 na cidade de João Pessoa. No presente artigo buscamos apresentar agentes e espaços que compõem um circuito caracterizado pela busca de trocas eróticas e sexuais sem vínculos afetivos ou interesses financeiros entre homens que não necessariamente identificam a si mesmos como homossexuais: a pegação. A pesquisa aponta para relações de permeabilidade entre pessoas e lugares, bem como para processos de tensionamento de modelos identitários através de uma experiência marcada pela fluidez e a eventualidade, engendrando um contínuo processo de reinvenção do espaço e dos próprios envolvidos, ainda que submetida a mecanismos de controle social.

  3. Ecological knowledge and incidental capture of sea turtles in São João de Pirabas, Pará, Brazil

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    Tiago Pereira Brito

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to register the ecological knowledge of fishermen from the municipality of São João de Pirabas, Pará, Brazil, regarding the occurrence of sea turtles on the Pará state coast, as well as measure their incidental capture when fishing; to do this, 50 semi-structured interviews were conducted with local fishermen. Fishing was practiced mostly by adult men, who used 7 fishing arts (gillnetting, hook and line, longline, fish corrals, net of tide canals, casting net, and basket trap, mainly aimed at catching king mackerel (Scomberomorus cavalla, serra Spanish mackerel (S. brasiliensis, king weakfish (Macrodon ancylodon, weakfish (Cynoscion spp., hake (Cynoscion spp., catfish (Bagre bagre, and mullet (Mugil spp.. Fishermen observed in the region 5 turtle species, with a more frequent occurrence of Chelonia mydas (100%, Dermochelys coriacea (66%, and Eretmochelys imbricata (46%; the less frequent species are Caretta caretta (16% and Lepidochelys olivacea (8%. The spawning areas of the 3 most common species demonstrate the significance of the Pará state coast for their conservation. Incidental capture was reported by 76% of fishermen, mainly occurring in net, longlines, and fish corrals. Usually, captured animals were released, although there is consumption of sea turtle meat and eggs by fishermen.

  4. [Investigation of Genetic Aetiology in Neurodegenerative Ataxias: Recommendations from the Group of Neurogenetics of Centro Hospitalar São João, Portugal].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Tiago; Guimaraes, Joana; Leão, Miguel

    2017-06-30

    In recent decades, a long and increasing list of monogenic neurodegenerative ataxias has been identified, allowing for better characterization of the pathophysiology, phenotype and prognosis of this heterogeneous group of disorders, while also revealing potential new therapeutic targets. However, the heterogeneity and complexity of the genotype-phenotype relationships and the high costs of molecular genetics often make it difficult for clinicians to decide on a molecular investigation based on an unbiased rational plan. Clinical history is essential to guide the diagnostic workup, but often the phenotype does not hold enough specificity to allow for predicting the genotype. The Group of Neurogenetics of the Centro Hospitalar São João, a multidisciplinary team of neurologists and geneticists with special interest in neurogenetic disorders, devised consensus recommendations for the investigation of the genetic aetiology of neurodegenerative ataxias in clinical practice, based on international consensus documents (currently containing potentially outdated information) and published scientific evidence on this topic. At the time these recommendations were written, there were around 10 well described autosomal recessive loci and more than 27 autosomal dominant loci for neurodegenerative ataxias. This document covers, in a pragmatic way, the rational process used for the genetic diagnosis of neurodegenerative ataxias, with specific recommendations for the various groups of these heterogeneous diseases, per the Portuguese reality.

  5. [Investigation of Genetic Etiology in Neurodegenerative Dementias: Recommendations from the Centro Hospitalar São João Neurogenetics Group].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massano, João; Leão, Miguel; Garrett, Carolina

    2016-10-01

    In the past few years several gene mutations have been identified as causative of the most frequent neurodegenerative dementias (Alzheimer disease and frontotemporal dementia). These advances, along with the complex phenotype-genotype relationships and the costs associated with genetic testing, have often made it difficult for clinicians to decide with regard to a rational plan for the investigation of the genetic etiology of the degenerative dementias. The Centro Hospitalar São João Neurogenetics Group, a multidisciplinary team of Neurologists and Geneticists with special interest in neurogenetic disorders, devised consensus recommendations for the investigation of the genetic etiology of Alzheimer disease and frontotemporal dementia in clinical practice, based on international consensus documents (currently containing partly outdated information) and published scientific evidence on this topic. Alzheimer disease may be caused by mutations in PSEN1, PSEN2 and APP. APOE genotyping is not recommended for the diagnostic or genetic counseling purposes in Alzheimer disease. Frontotemporal dementia may be caused by mutations in several genes such as c9orf72, PGRN, MAPT, TBK1, VCP, SQSTM1, and UBQLN2. This paper pragmatically approaches the process of genetic diagnosis in Alzheimer disease and frontotemporal dementia, with specific recommendations for both disorders.

  6. Diagnóstico microbiológico da Vitis lambrusca comercializada em estabelecimentos formais e feiras livres em João Pessoa, Paraíba

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    Anderson Guedes Dantas

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available A uva é umas das principais frutas dentre as mais consumidas no Brasil, sendo assim o seu comércio apresenta grande importância para o crescimento econômico do país. Este cultivo tem maior produção nas serras gaúchas onde a combinação entre clima e solo favoráveis à Vitis lambrusca. Apesar dos vários benefícios oferecidos pela uva, ela também pode trazer riscos para à saúde quando ingerida de forma inadequada. Sendo assim, a análise microbiológica da uva mostra as possíveis contaminações adquiridas desde o plantio até a distribuição para o consumidor. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar microbiologicamente a Vitis lambrusca (uva Isabel, simulando o consumo direto em estabelecimentos formais e feiras livres no município de João Pessoa. As amostras para análises foram adquiridas em 11 pontos aleatórios observando os principais indicadores: Salmonella sp. e Escherichia coli. Verificou-se que 63,63% das amostras apresentaram-se contaminadas, portanto, impróprias para o consumo humano, mostrando assim que a ingestão das mesmas sem uma a devida sanitização oferece riscos a saúde humana.

  7. Investigation of Genetic Aetiology in Neurodegenerative Ataxias: Recommendations from the Group of Neurogenetics of Centro Hospitalar São João, Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Gomes

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In recent decades, a long and increasing list of monogenic neurodegenerative ataxias has been identified, allowing for better characterization of the pathophysiology, phenotype and prognosis of this heterogeneous group of disorders, while also revealing potential new therapeutic targets. However, the heterogeneity and complexity of the genotype-phenotype relationships and the high costs of molecular genetics often make it difficult for clinicians to decide on a molecular investigation based on an unbiased rational plan. Clinical history is essential to guide the diagnostic workup, but often the phenotype does not hold enough specificity to allow for predicting the genotype. The Group of Neurogenetics of the Centro Hospitalar São João, a multidisciplinary team of neurologists and geneticists with special interest in neurogenetic disorders, devised consensus recommendations for the investigation of the genetic aetiology of neurodegenerative ataxias in clinical practice, based on international consensus documents (currently containing potentially outdated information and published scientific evidence on this topic. At the time these recommendations were written, there were around 10 well described autosomal recessive loci and more than 27 autosomal dominant loci for neurodegenerative ataxias. This document covers, in a pragmatic way, the rational process used for the genetic diagnosis of neurodegenerative ataxias, with specific recommendations for the various groups of these heterogeneous diseases, per the Portuguese reality.

  8. A transição democrática brasileira (1974-1989 pelas lentes de João Batista de Andrade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcilene Cavalcante Oliveira

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo aborda a relação entre memória e mídia, a partir do longa-metragem, de ficção, A Próxima Vítima (1983, de João Batista de Andrade, partindo da ideia de que um artefato cultural é um suporte de memória. Se um filme, mesmo de modo ficcional, encena aspectos do presente do período no qual é realizado, constitui registros que lhe conferem tal lugar de memória. O filme de Andrade, concebido no início dos anos 1980 e herdeiro da trajetória profissional do diretor, tanto no cinema quanto na televisão, entra nos embates de memória, como testemunho do período de transição democrática no Brasil (1974-1989, seja por sua datação, seja pelo que artificiosamente constrói. No texto, situamos, incialmente, questões que sobressaem na chave memória e mídia; em seguida, passamos pela cinematografia do cineasta, no que se conecta ao filme em questão; a chegada é o filme como memória da transição.   Palavras-chave: Cinema e História. Memória. Brasil-História- 1974-1989.

  9. La construcción de nuevas identidades femeninas a través de la historieta: la aportación del manga sh?jo Gals!

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    Bárbara FERNÁNDEZ GARCÍA

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available En 2002 se edita en España el manga sh?jo (orientado a un público femenino joven Gals!, obra de la autora Mihona Fujii, considerado como uno de los mejores documentos para conocer y entender el fenómeno de la tribu urbana de las gals japonesas. Este trabajo pretende mostrar el realismo con el que es abordada la ficción que presenta, combinado con los mecanismos propios del manga que es preciso desentrañar, así como, tras el profundo análisis de los personajes principales (todos femeninos, constatar sus valores artísticos, y cómo a través de su protagonista principal se propone un nuevo modelo de personaje femenino reforzado por una peculiar posición protagónica liberada de la carga de las funciones convencionales del protagonista. Se pretende contribuir así a los todavía escasos estudios españoles en esta materia.

  10. Genogram: a tool for characterizing the families of adolescents parents in João Pessoa, Paraíba State, Brazil = Genograma: ferramenta para caracterizar as famílias de pais adolescentes em João Pessoa, Estado da Paraíba, Brasil

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    Alice Iana Tavares Leite

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed to characterize the family composition of adolescent fathers in the city of João Pessoa, Paraíba State. This is a part of a multicenter survey developed in the states of Paraíba, Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina. The population was composed of ten teenage fathers living in the urban area of João Pessoa. Data collection occurred from December 2008 to October 2010 through semi-structured interview and construction of the genogram and eco-map. Participants' age ranged from 16 to 19 years. They all lived with his partner and most had low education. The unemployed and those with income below one minimum wage indicated the family as the keeper of the home. Most fathers also depended on other family housing, and the amount of people living in the same house ranged from three to seven. Despite the existence of conflicting and/or distant relationships, all respondents reported that seek emotional and financial support in their own family. Fatherhood and motherhood in adolescence had already been experienced by some families. Understanding adolescent parents requires a broader view about composition and family dynamics, a task to be faced by health professionals committed to the care, being the genogram a viable and important tool in this process.O estudo objetiva caracterizar a composição familiar de pais adolescentes em João Pessoa-PB. Trata-se de um recorte de pesquisa multicêntrica desenvolvida na PB, RS e SC. Os sujeitos foram dez pais adolescentes, residentes no perímetro urbano de João Pessoa. A coleta de dados ocorreu de dezembro de 2008 a outubro de 2010, por meio de entrevista semiestruturada e construção do genograma e ecomapa. A idade dos participantes variou de 16 a 19 anos. Todos viviam com a companheira; a maioria apresentava baixa escolarização. Os desempregados e os de renda abaixo de um salário mínimo indicaram a família como mantenedora do lar. A maioria ainda dependia da moradia de outros familiares

  11. Diversidade da ictiofauna de poças de maré da praia do Cabo Branco, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil Diversity of the tidal pool ichthyofauna of Cabo Branco beach, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil

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    Ricardo S Rosa

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available A survey of the tidal pool fish community was carried out between february/1987 and january/1988, at Cabo Branco Beach, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. Specimens were collected monthly at low tide, using rotenone. A total of 3143 specimens was obtained. The most speciose families were Ophichthidae (14% of the total number of species, Mugilidae (11% and Muraenidae (9%, and the most representative ones in number of individuais were Gobiidae (48%, Pomacentridae (13% and Labrisomidae (10%. The main resident species were Bathygobius soporator (Valenciennes, 1837 and Abudefduf saxalilis (Linnaeus, 1758. The presence of a large number of juveniles in the pools indicated the importance of the studied sites as nursery áreas for several fish species.

  12. Análise espacial da violência doméstica contra a mulher entre os anos de 2002 e 2005 em João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil Spatial analysis of domestic violence against women from 2002 to 2005 in João Pessoa, Paraíba State, Brazil

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    Kerle Dayana Tavares de Lucena

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, ecológico, exploratório com utilização de técnicas de análise espacial e do Sistema de Informações Geográficas. A população foi composta por todas as denúncias de mulheres vítimas de violência doméstica, residentes no Município de João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil, no período de 2002 a 2005, na Delegacia Especializada de Atendimento da Mulher. Objetivou-se investigar a distribuição espacial da violência doméstica para subsidiar os gestores no processo de tomada de decisão. A análise dos resultados permitiu identificar as áreas de alta e baixa incidências de violência, como também o risco de cada bairro comparado à cidade de João Pessoa. A partir do índice de Getis e Ord produziu-se a decisão das áreas prioritárias para intervenção sobre a violência doméstica. Ressaltamos a necessidade de mudanças no que se refere à atenção às mulheres vítimas de violência e a articulação entre as instituições com promoção da educação permanente nos serviços, contemplando discussões sobre gênero e violência contra a mulher.This was a quantitative, ecological, exploratory study using spatial analysis and a geographic information system. The population consisted of all the women that had filed complaints against domestic violence in the city of João Pessoa, Paraíba State, Brazil, from 2002 to 2005, at the Specialized Police Precinct for Women. The aim was to investigate the spatial distribution of domestic violence in order to assist policymakers in the decision-making process. Analysis of the results allowed identifying areas of low and high incidence of domestic violence, besides comparing the risk in each neighborhood to the overall rate for the city of João Pessoa. Based on the Getis and Ord index, the study produced a decision on priority areas for intervening in domestic violence. The authors highlight the need for changes in care for female victims of violence and the

  13. Natural gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fraser, J W

    1967-08-01

    This report on the natural gas industry of Canada includes: composition and uses of natural gas, production statistics, exploration and development, reserve estimates, natural gas processing, transportation, and marketing. For the Canadian natural gas industry, 1966 was a year of moderate expansion in all phases, with a strong demand continuing for sulfur and liquid hydrocarbons produced as by-products of gas processing. Value of natural gas production increased to $199 million and ranked sixth in terms of value of mineral ouput in Canada. Currently, natural gas provides over 70% of Canada's energy requirements. Proved remaining marketable reserves are estimated to be in excess of a 29-yr supply.

  14. Gas Sensor

    KAUST Repository

    Luebke, Ryan

    2015-01-22

    A gas sensor using a metal organic framework material can be fully integrated with related circuitry on a single substrate. In an on-chip application, the gas sensor can result in an area-efficient fully integrated gas sensor solution. In one aspect, a gas sensor can include a first gas sensing region including a first pair of electrodes, and a first gas sensitive material proximate to the first pair of electrodes, wherein the first gas sensitive material includes a first metal organic framework material.

  15. Gas Sensor

    KAUST Repository

    Luebke, Ryan; Eddaoudi, Mohamed; Omran, Hesham; Belmabkhout, Youssef; Shekhah, Osama; Salama, Khaled N.

    2015-01-01

    A gas sensor using a metal organic framework material can be fully integrated with related circuitry on a single substrate. In an on-chip application, the gas sensor can result in an area-efficient fully integrated gas sensor solution. In one aspect, a gas sensor can include a first gas sensing region including a first pair of electrodes, and a first gas sensitive material proximate to the first pair of electrodes, wherein the first gas sensitive material includes a first metal organic framework material.

  16. Perfil clínico-epidemiológico de los pacientes atendidos y censados en el Centro Paraibano de Ostomizados-João Pessoa, Brasil Clinical epidemiological profile of patients seen and enumerated in The Center Paraibano of Ostomized João Pessoa (Brasil

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    Ana Paula Marques Andrade de Souza

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Estudio descriptivo con un abordaje cuantitativo realizado en el Centro Paraibano de Ostomizados en João Pessoa. La muestra fue de 19 participantes censados en el servicio de ostomizados, utilizándose para la recogida de datos un forrmulario con la información de la caracterización socio-demográfica de los portadores de colostomía y sus necesidades. Los resultados informan sobre los aspectos personales del portador de colostomía, y especialmente de los aspectos negativos para algunas necesidades en el día a día, en relación con las necesidades psicosociobiológicas, de eliminación e integridad de la piel periestomal. Los resultados de esta investigación sustentan la necesidad de la existencia del grupo de apoyo con la participación de los profesionales de la salud de las diversas especialidades implicados, para reducir la mayoría de complicaciones secundarias a las colostomías.Descriptive study with a quantitative approach realized in the Center Paraibano of Ostomized Patients of João Pessoa. The sample included 19 participants registered in the service of ostomized patients, using for the withdrawal of information a form, with information of social and demographic characteristics of the carriers of colostomy and his needs. The results report on personal aspects of the carrier of colostomy, and specially of the negative aspects for some needs in daily life, in relation with the psychological, social and biological needs, of elimination and integrity of the skin around the ostomy. The results of this investigation support the need of the existence of the group of support with the participation of health professionals for the diverse specialities implied, in order to reduce most of the side effects of the colostomies.

  17. Darbinieku apmierinātību ietekmējošo faktoru novērtējums uzņēmumā AS „Cēsu alus”.

    OpenAIRE

    Petroviča, Lelde

    2013-01-01

    Maģistra darba temats ir „Darbinieku apmierinātību ietekmējošo faktoru novērtējums uzņēmumā AS „Cēsu alus””. Darba mērķis: izpētīt darbinieku apmierinātību ar darbu ietekmējošos faktorus uzņēmumā AS „Cēsu alus” un izstrādāt priekšlikumus apmierinātības ar darbu paaugstināšanai. Darba pirmajā daļā tiek aplūkoti teorētiskie aspekti par apmierinātību ar darbu būtību, uzmanību vēršot, apmierinātības ietekmei uz uzņēmuma darbību un to ietekmējošiem faktoriem. Otrajā daļā ar interviju palīdzību tie...

  18. Gas manufacture

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fell, J W

    1915-05-03

    Retorts for the distillation of shale or coal for the production of oil or illuminating-gas are heated by gas from a generator or a gas-holder, and a portion of the gas from the flue leading to the heating-flues is forced by a steam jet through a by-pass and is injected into the bottom of the retorts. If the gas to be admitted to the retort is cold, it is first heated.

  19. Natural Gas

    OpenAIRE

    Bakar, Wan Azelee Wan Abu; Ali, Rusmidah

    2010-01-01

    Natural gas fuel is a green fuel and becoming very demanding because it is environmental safe and clean. Furthermore, this fuel emits lower levels of potentially harmful by-products into the atmosphere. Most of the explored crude natural gas is of sour gas and yet, very viable and cost effective technology is still need to be developed. Above all, methanation technology is considered a future potential treatment method for converting the sour natural gas to sweet natural gas.

  20. Transformasi Naskah Lakon Macbeth (1603-1607 Karya William Shakespeare Ke Film Throne of Blood atau Kumonosu-Jo (1957 Karya Akira Kurosawa

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    Arinta Agustina

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Karya sastra (naskah drama yang ditransformasi ke film sudah tidak asing lagi bagi penontonnya. Film pada sat ditayangkan maka baik penulis karya sastra yang ditransformasi maupun pembacanya akan menemui banyak perbedaan. Perbedaan tersebut juga ditemukan dalam transformasi naskah Macbeth karya William Shakespeare ke film Throne of Blood atau Kumonosu-Jo karya Akira Kurosawa yang menjadi objek material penelitian ini. Kreativitas film terhadap karya sastra aslinya disebabkan adanya perbedaan yang mendasar antara karya sastra dan film, yakni medium. Karya sastra dalam hal ini menggunakan medium bahasa, sedangkan film menggunakan medium gambar dan suara. Terdapat suatu peristiwa tertentu yang dapat dimunculkan dengan baik pada karya sastra, tetapi tidak dapat dimunculkan dalam film, atau sebaliknya. Penelitian ini membatasi pada perbedaan kernel dan satelit film terhadap karya sastra aslinya sehingga terlihat perbedaan alur film terhadap karya sastra aslinya. Perubahan fungsi yang menyebabkan perbedaan alur tersebut dianalisis dengan menggunakan teori intertekstual. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jumlah kernel dan satelit film lebih sedikit dibandingkan film karena tuntutan durasi. Film banyak memberikan variasi setting waktu dan tempat ataupun perubahan berupa penambahan tokoh dan alur sekaligus mengadakan penghilangan tokoh ataupun alur yang tidak memberikan peran penting dalam perkembangan penceritaan. Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan adanya perubahan fungsi yang menghasilkan perbedaan alur antara karya sastra dan film.   The Text of the Play Macbeth Transformation (1603-1607 by William Shakespeare into Film Throne of Blood or Kumonosu-Jo (1957 by Akira Kuroswa. Transformation from play to film is one of the common literary works. The writer of the play and the readers of the literary, however, face many differences in the film as the result of transformation process. These differences are also found at both; a play Macbeth by William

  1. Programa de alimentação escolar no município de João Pessoa – PB, Brasil: as merendeiras em foco

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    Alice Teles de Carvalho

    Full Text Available A escola é local privilegiado para desenvolver ações educativas e o programa de alimentação escolar excelente ferramenta para promoção de hábitos alimentares saudáveis. Objetivou-se avaliar a percepção das merendeiras acerca da produção e distribuição da alimentação escolar e seu papel neste contexto. Utilizou-se metodologia de grupo focal com merendeiras de 41 escolas públicas municipais de João Pessoa - Paraíba, Brasil. Desenvolveram-se as categorias: capacitação e treinamento; processo de decisão na elaboração dos cardápios; desgaste no processo de trabalho; alimentação escolar e incorporação de hábitos alimentares saudáveis. Evidenciou-se estreita relação de afeto entre merendeiras e escolares e valorização na oferta de alimentação de qualidade com boa aceitação. Foram observadas ausência de treinamentos sistemáticos e fragilidade no uso da alimentação escolar na incorporação de hábitos alimentares saudáveis. Reafirmou-se a importância das merendeiras na utilização da alimentação escolar como espaço permanente de aprendizado.

  2. Conhecimento ecológico e captura incidental de tartarugas marinhas em São João de Pirabas, Pará, Brasil

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    Tiago Pereira Brito

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2015v28n3p159 Este estudo teve por objetivo registrar o conhecimento ecológico de pescadores do município de São João de Pirabas, Pará, Brasil, quanto à ocorrência de tartarugas marinhas no litoral paraense, bem como mensurar sua captura incidental durante a pesca; para tanto, foram realizadas 50 entrevistas semiestruturadas com pescadores locais. A pesca foi praticada predominantemente por homens adultos, que utilizavam sete artes de pesca (rede de emalhe, linha e anzol, espinhel, curral, tarrafa, tapagem e matapi, voltadas principalmente à captura da cavala (Scomberomorus cavalla, serra (S. brasiliensis, gó (Macrodon ancylodon, corvina (Cynoscion spp., pescada (Cynoscion spp., bandeirado (Bagre bagre e tainha (Mugil spp.. Os pescadores observaram na região cinco espécies de tartarugas, sendo mais frequente a ocorrência de Chelonia mydas (100%, Dermochelys coriacea (66% e Eretmochelys imbricata (46%; as espécies com menor frequência são Caretta caretta (16% e Lepidochelys olivacea (8%. As áreas de desova das três espécies mais frequentes demonstram a importância do litoral paraense para sua conservação. Capturas incidentais foram relatadas por 76% dos pescadores, ocorrendo principalmente em redes, espinheis e currais. Geralmente, os animais capturados eram soltos, apesar de haver o consumo de carne e ovos de tartaruga marinha pelos pescadores.

  3. Avaliação sensorial de uvas de mesa produzidas no Vale do São Francisco e comercializadas em João Pessoa - PB

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    Robson de Jesus Mascarenhas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Tomando-se como base o nível crescente de exigência do consumidor por frutas de mesa, as características de qualidade das uvas 'Itália', 'Festival' ('Superior Seedless', 'Benitaka' e 'Isabel', expostas à venda em três redes de supermercados, na cidade de João Pessoa - Paraíba - Brasil, foram avaliadas em dezembro de 2007. Inicialmente, foram selecionados e treinados julgadores que estabeleceram e definiram os seguintes atributos sensoriais de importância: tonalidade e uniformidade de cor, aroma, firmeza, presença de sementes, suculência, doçura, acidez, sabor e qualidade global. Os diâmetros, comprimentos e pesos das bagas estavam condizentes com os parâmetros comerciais ou varietais. Os conteúdos de sólidos solúveis (SS, com exceção da uva 'Benitaka', apresentaram-se em conformidade com os padrões comerciais. Apenas a cultivar Festival, com a menor acidez titulável (AT, apresentou relação SS/AT aceitável. Foram realizadas três sessões de análises descritivas quantitativas (ADQ, nas quais a uva 'Itália' foi a de melhor sabor e, em conjunto com a apirênica 'Festival', apresentou maiores doçuras e qualidade global. A cultivar Isabel apresentou a cor mais forte , enquanto a Festival foi a melhor no atributo semente. Aplicou-se o Teste de Preferência por Ordenação, no qual as uvas 'Itália' e 'Festival' foram as preferidas.

  4. Resiliência e reconhecimento em neocomunidades: o caso da comunidade quilombola morro de São João (TO

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    Alex Pizzio da Silva

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-1384.2016v13n3p1 O cenário atual, caracterizado pelas transformações sociais e econômicas impostas pela globalização, tem produzido novos condicionamentos sociais, impactando diretamente as comunidades tradicionais e ampliando a vulnerabilidade. Cada comunidade apresenta maior ou menor capacidade de superação das adversidades. Aquelas que conseguem superá-las e ainda e se fortalecerem são consideradas pelos estudiosos como resilientes. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar o resultado de uma investigação realizada na comunidade quilombola Morro de São João, no Estado do Tocantins, em que se analisaram sua capacidade de resiliência e os fatores que possibilitam essa condição. A pesquisa desenvolvida possui natureza quanti-qualitativa e foi realizada por meio de um estudo de caso, utilizando como técnicas de coleta de dados a entrevista não estruturada, a observação participante, pesquisa documental, questionário e história de vida, que ocorreram durante as viagens ao campo, ocasião que permitiu também a participação nas cerimônias e nos festejos da comunidade. Os principais conceitos utilizados na análise teórica foram resiliência, neocomunidades, reconhecimento e cultura como recurso. A análise demonstrou que a comunidade possui capacidade de superação das adversidades, e o reconhecimento da identidade cultural constitui um fator de promoção da resiliência.

  5. Expansão urbana e variações mesoclimáticas em João Pessoa, PB

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    Liése Carneiro Sobreira

    Full Text Available A cidade de João Pessoa, na Paraíba, vem sendo submetida, nos últimos anos, a um forte crescimento urbano. Nesse contexto, este trabalho verificou entre as décadas de 1980 e 2000 variações climáticas significativas que possam ser correlacionadas com o crescimento urbano. Para tanto, utilizaram-se imagens de satélite nos anos de 1977 e 2009 para o cálculo da área edificada, bem como foram utilizadas séries de dados das variáveis climáticas: precipitação pluviométrica e temperatura do ar, colhidas em duas estações instaladas na malha urbana, e uma terceira, tomada como estação de referência, fora da malha urbana. Para a caracterização do crescimento da cidade, utilizaram-se dados quantitativos da população residente constantes dos censos demográficos de 1872 a 2009. Para a verificação do ritmo do comportamento da série temporal de temperatura e precipitação foram gerados gráficos da temperatura média e do acumulado mensal dos meses correspondentes aos trimestres mais quentes e menos quentes do período de 1984 a 2008. Dos resultados obtidos do tratamento e análise dos dados pode-se verificar que a temperatura do ar da cidade aumentou nos últimos 26 anos, havendo-se detectado que as temperaturas do ar sofreram elevações mais expressivas nos meses do trimestre mais quente, fato que pode ser correlacionado com a expansão da malha urbana.

  6. Prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout e fatores sociodemográficos e laborais em professores de escolas municipais da cidade de João Pessoa, PB Prevalence of Burnout Syndrome and sociodemographic and work factors of elementary education teachers of the City of João Pessoa

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    Jaqueline Brito Vidal Batista

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available A Síndrome de Burnout vem sendo considerada uma questão de saúde pública, tendo em vista suas implicações para a saúde física e mental do trabalhador, com evidente comprometimento de sua qualidade de vida no trabalho. Assim, esse estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a prevalência da Síndrome de Burnout nos professores da primeira fase do Ensino Fundamental das escolas municipais da cidade de João Pessoa, PB, e sua relação com as variáveis sociodemográficas e laborais. Os resultados evidenciaram que 33,6% dos professores apresentaram alto nível de Exaustão Emocional, 8,3% alto nível de Despersonalização e 43,4% baixo nível de Realização Profissional. Variáveis sociodemográficas e laborais associaram-se às dimensões do Burnout. Os resultados indicam a importância do entendimento e o reconhecimento dessa doença ocupacional para a inclusão do professor nas medidas de políticas públicas voltadas para a saúde e bem-estar da categoria.The Burnout Syndrome has been considered a public health issue because of the physical and mental health implications on workers, with clear effect on the quality of life at work. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of the Burnout syndrome in elementary school teachers in the city of João Pessoa, PB, and its relationship with sociodemographic and labor variables. Results showed that 33.6% of teachers presented high levels of Emotional Exhaustion, 8.3% a high level of Depersonalization, and 43.4% a low level of Professional Achievement. Socio-demographic and labor variables were associated with the dimensions of Burnout. Results indicate the importance of understanding and acknowledging occupational diseases to include teachers in public policy measures for the health and well-being of the category.

  7. Seasonal variation of the phytoplankton community structure in the São João River, Iguaçu National Park, Brazil Variação sazonal da estrutura da comunidade fitoplanctônica no Rio São João, Parque Nacional do Iguaçu, Brasil

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    JC. Bortolini

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The limnological characteristics and the phytoplankton community of the pelagic region of the São João River, tributary of the Iguaçu River, Iguaçu National Park were analyzed from August 2008 to July 2009. 221 taxa were identified and the Bacillariophyceae class was the most representative. Bacillariophyceae and Chrysophyceae were the dominant classes in density and Bacillariophyceae in biovolume. According to the DCA carried out for phytoplankton density and biovolume, significant differences were identified between the periods, and between the sites and study periods, respectively. The highest richness of species reached 40 taxa in September 2008 at station 1. The Shannon-Wiener diversity indexes and evenness, calculated from the density of phytoplankton, were temporally heterogeneous and spatially similar. In general, the significant temporal variations in the composition of the phytoplankton community were due to variations in limnological conditions, mainly temperature, transparency and nutrients. Spatially the structure was more similar due to the proximity among the stations. Moreover, the similarity of the distribution of communities in lotic environments were due to the unidirectional flow.As características limnológicas e a comunidade fitoplanctônica na região pelágica do Rio São João, tributário do Rio Iguaçu, Parque Nacional do Iguaçu, foram analisadas de agosto de 2008 a julho de 2009. Foram identificados 221 táxons, sendo Bacillariophyceae a classe mais representativa. Bacillariophyceae e Chrysophyceae foram as classes dominantes em densidade e Bacillariophyceae, em biovolume. De acordo com a DCA realizada para densidade e biovolume, foram identificadas diferenças significativas entre os períodos e entre os locais e períodos estudados, respectivamente. A maior riqueza de espécies foi alcançada em setembro de 2008 com 40 táxons na estação 1. O índice de diversidade de Shannon-Wiener e a equitabilidade

  8. Cárie precoce na infância: prevalência e fatores de risco em pré-escolares, aos 48 meses, na cidade de João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil Early childhood caries: prevalence and risk factors in 4-year-old preschoolers in João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Gadelha Ribeiro

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar a prevalência de cárie precoce na infância em crianças de nível sócio-econômico baixo da grande João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil, aos 48 meses de idade, pertencentes a uma coorte. Foram analisados os hábitos alimentares, higiene, exposição ao flúor e presença de defeitos de esmalte. Examinaram-se 224 crianças em domicílio, sob luz natural, utilizando-se a técnica joelho-a-joelho. Cada dente foi limpo com gaze estéril, sendo registrados cárie (OMS e defeitos de esmalte (DDE Index. Durante o exame foi aplicado um questionário para obtenção de dados sobre dieta, higiene, uso de flúor e presença de amamentação natural e/ou artificial. Para análise estatística, utilizou-se o programa SAS com teste não paramétrico Mantel-Haenszel. Observou-se que 10,7% e 33,0% da amostra apresentaram cárie precoce e cárie severa, respectivamente. Dentre as crianças examinadas, 79,9% tinham ao menos um dente com defeito de esmalte, sendo este o único fator estatisticamente significante (p The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of early childhood caries (ECC, in a cohort of children of low socioeconomic status at 48 months of age in João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil, in relation to feeding practices, oral health behaviors, fluoride exposure, and enamel defects. 224 children were clinically examined in the Knee-Knee position at the children's home under natural light. Teeth were dried and cleaned with gauze, and caries (WHO index and defect (DDE Index were determined. Questionnaires on children's oral hygiene and dietary history were completed by parents or guardians. The SAS statistical program was used with the Mantel-Haenszel tests. The results showed a prevalence of 10.7% and 33.0% for ECC and SECC, respectively. Of all the children examined, 79.9% had at least one tooth with enamel defects, which was the only statistically significant factor (p < 0.001 for ECC. The association

  9. Uso do solo em zonas de proteção de poços para abastecimento público na cidade de João Pessoa (PB The use of soil in areas of protection of wells to public water supply in João Pessoa city (PB, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germana Leite Gonzalez Toscano

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Os aquíferos, em especial as ocorrências no meio urbano, são bastante susceptíveis à contaminação ou poluição devido à concentração de atividades incompatíveis com as áreas que deveriam receber restrição de uso do solo. O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar o uso do solo nos perímetros de proteção de captação de águas subterrâneas, destinados ao abastecimento público na cidade de João Pessoa (PB. A partir dos perímetros de proteção já delimitados, através de visitas de campo e observação de imagem de satélite, foi realizado o estudo do uso do solo nas suas áreas internas. Foi constatado o exercício de atividades proibidas ou condicionadas nas áreas que deveriam ser protegidas. A pesquisa feita demonstrou a necessidade de disciplinamento das atividades potencialmente poluidoras das águas subterrâneas e vem contribuir como um instrumento de utilidade para a construção de políticas para o disciplinamento das atividades no solo urbano.The aquifers, especially those that occur in urban areas, are very susceptible to contamination or pollution due to the concentration of incompatible activities with the areas that should receive restriction on land use. The objective of this work was to analyze land use in the protected groundwater caption perimeter for the public supply in João Pessoa city (Brazil. From protection perimeters already defined, a study was made of the land use of internal areas through field visits, and observation of satellite image. The exercise of activities prohibited or constrained in the areas that should be protected was noted. The research demonstrated the need to regulate activities that potentially pollute the groundwater and contributes as a useful tool for building policies for the planning of activities on urban land.

  10. Estudo da infecção e morbidade da doença de Chagas no município de João Costa: Parque Nacional Serra da Capivara, Piauí, Brasil Study of the infection and morbidity of Chagas' disease in municipality of João Costa: National Park Serra da Capivara, Piauí, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Borges-Pereira

    2002-08-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de investigar aspectos da infecção e morbidade da doença de Chagas no município de João Costa, Piauí, Brasil, realizamos pesquisa sorológica para detectar Ig G anti-T. cruzi em 2.080 moradores através dos testes de imunofluorescência indireta, hemaglutinação indireta e ELISA. Em seguida, 189 pacientes soropositivos e 141 soronegativos foram avaliados pelo exame clínico e eletrocardiograma (ECG, enquanto a parasitemia foi pesquisada em 106 chagásicos pelo xenodiagnóstico indireto e teste da reação polimerásica em cadeia (PCR. A soropositividade total para Ig G anti-T.cruzi foi de 9,8%, com variação de 0,5% em menores de 10 anos a 39,4% em maiores de 59 anos, independentemente do sexo. O percentual de ECG alterados foi de 41,3% entre os chagásicos e de 15,6% entre os não-chagásicos (p In order to investigate aspects of the infection and morbidity of Chagas' disease in the municipality of João Costa, Piauí State, Brazil, we carried out a serological survey to detect anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in 2,080 individuals, by indirect immunofluorescence, indirect hemagglutination and ELISA. A total of 189 seropositive and 141 seronegative patients were evaluated by anamnesis, physical exam and electrocardiogram (EKG. The parasitaemia of 106 chagasic patients was evaluated by indirect xenodiagnosis and PCR (polymerase chain reaction. The total seropositivity was 9.8%, with intervals of 0.5% in patients younger than 10 years old, and 39.4% among patients older than 59 years old, independently of the sex. The PCR and xenodiagnosis were positive, respectively in 74.5% and 15.1% of the seropositive patients (p < 0.05. The rate of abnormal EKG was 41.3% in chagasic and 15.6% in non-chagasic patients (p < 0.05. In spite of the high prevalence of infection in the investigated population, the low rate of seropositivity among children is indicative of a possible decrease of the active transmission mediated by triatomines

  11. Diagnóstico do cumprimento da NR-18, pelas empresas construtoras da grande João Pessoa, vinte anos após sua revisão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirela Oliveira Medeiros

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available A NR-18 é a primeira norma específica criada para uma indústria. Essa norma visa a melhoria das condições de trabalho na indústria da construção, tendo por objetivos a promoção da saúde e a melhoria da qualidade de vida do trabalhador e a prevenção de acidentes de trabalho. O artigo em foco é resultado de uma pesquisa exploratória descritiva que teve como objetivo elaborar um diagnóstico quanto ao cumprimento da NR-18 pelas empresas construtoras da grande João Pessoa, vinte anos após sua revisão. O universo da pesquisa foi composto pelas empresas construtoras de edificações verticais cadastradas junto ao Sindicato da Indústria da Construção Civil de João Pessoa (Sinduscon-JP. Já a amostra, esta foi composta por dezesseis empresas construtoras que aceitaram participar da pesquisa e que possuíam, no momento da pesquisa, canteiros de obras na grande João Pessoa. Os resultados revelam que as empresas construtoras têm buscado o efetivo cumprimento das disposições que compõem a NR-18 nos seus canteiros de obras. Constata-se que os canteiros pesquisados possuem nota média igual a 9, sendo a menor nota obtida 8,45, e que a interpretação da norma, para alguns itens, ainda é realizada de forma distinta pela fiscalização e pelos gestores.

  12. Índices de Qualidade da Água e de Estado Trófico na Represa Dr. João Penido (Juiz de Fora, MG

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    Magaly H. S. Bucci

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A represa Dr. João Penido contém o reservatório que é a principal fonte de abastecimento de água potável da cidade de Juiz de Fora, localizada na região sudeste do Brasil. Sua construção se deu em 1934 e desde então, vem sofrendo com o mau uso e ocupação das terras em seu entorno. O objetivo geral deste estudo foi caracterizar a qualidade hídrica do manancial, relacionando os resultados com o uso e ocupação do solo da bacia hidrográfica. Para isto foram realizadas análises físico-químicas e microbiológicas de amostras de água referente aos seguintes parâmetros: temperatura da água, oxigênio dissolvido, pH, turbidez, sólidos totais, demanda bioquímica de oxigênio, nitrato, fósforo total, clorofila a e coliformes termotolerantes. Os resultados obtidos foram comparados com a Resolução 357/2005 do Conselho Nacional de Meio Ambiente (CONAMA e aqueles que apresentaram desconformidade com a norma foram: oxigênio dissolvido, pH, turbidez, fósforo total e demanda bioquímica de oxigênio. Foi calculado o Índice de Qualidade da Água (IQA e o Índice de Estado Trófico (IET para as amostras analisadas. Os resultados mostraram a predominância do estado “mesotrófico” e nível “médio” de qualidade da água, indicando que as formas de uso e ocupação do solo da bacia hidrográfica têm produzido impactos negativos no ecossistema aquático. O monitoramento demonstrou ser ferramenta fundamental, proporcionando subsídios para a elaboração de um plano de gestão integrada nas ações que envolvem a preservação e recuperação da qualidade do manancial.

  13. Influência de variáveis laborais na qualidade de vida dos anestesiologistas da cidade de João Pessoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria de Fátima Oliveira dos Santos

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O anestesiologista trabalha sob grande pressão, por lidar com doença, dor, sofrimento e morte. A exposição desse profissional aos efeitos de fadiga, fatores físicos, químicos e biológicos pode causar transtornos físicos e psicológicos. Este estudo objetivou conhecer as influências das variáveis laborais na qualidade de vida (QV dos anestesiologistas da cidade de João Pessoa. MÉTODO: Estudo descritivo, de corte transversal e com abordagem quantitativa, composto por 83 médicos que responderam ao instrumento genérico para avaliar a QV, proposto pela Organização Mundial da Saúde. Os dados foram analisados por estatísticas descritivas e testes de comparação de média. O nível de significância adotado para as análises foi de 5%. RESULTADOS: As análises demonstraram que as variáveis laborais relacionadas ao total de horas de plantões semanais, às horas trabalhadas, ao hábito de dormir no pós-plantão e nos intervalos dos plantões e à prática de atividade física pelo profissional se correlacionaram com a QV. Verificou-se também que há diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os domínios da escala de QV e o número de horas de trabalho dos participantes. Por outro lado, a renda mensal exerce influência sobre a QV (p < 0,05 apenas no domínio meio ambiente. CONCLUSÕES: Observou-se que as variáveis laborais correlacionam-se significativamente com a QV. Além de haver diferença estatística expressiva entre os domínios da escala de QV e o número de horas de trabalho dos participantes, verificou-se que há também essa mesma divergência quanto ao domínio meio ambiente e à renda mensal.

  14. Luto e Sociedade no Brasil do final do século XX. O imaginário sobre a morte e o morrer, a dor e a perda na cidade de João Pessoa, PB

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    Mauro Guilherme Pinheiro Koury

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo a compreensão das apreensões imaginárias sobre as noções de perda, e de dor, da morte e do morrer entre os habitantes da cidade de João Pessoa, capital do estado brasileiro da Paraíba. O que se espera é a apreensão das formas societárias contidas no imaginário dos informantes sobre o processo de morte e o processo de perda enquanto significados socialmente esperados de conduta e de valores frente a esses processos.

  15. Entrevista com João Canavilhas: “Provedores de internet e empresas de tecnologia, que também lucram com a notícia, deveriam ajudar a financiá-la.”

    OpenAIRE

    Specht, Patrícia Pivoto; Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul

    2015-01-01

    Nesta entrevista, feita por skype, o pesquisador português João Canavilhas fala sobre a evolução das principais características do webjornalismo, a hipertextualidade, a multimidialidade e a interatividade, e diz que a última se desenvolve de forma mais lenta. Além disso, faz considerações sobre o seu conceito de pirâmide deitada e acredita que o leitor, diante da oferta excessiva de conteúdo, precisa que jornalistas e algoritmos lhe ofereçam uma seleção de informações. Também propõe um model...

  16. A formação dos cidadãos do céu: João Crisóstomo e a Christon paideia - doi: 10.4025/actascieduc.v32i1.9467

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilvan Ventura da Silva

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabela normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} João Crisóstomo foi uma das personagens mais influentes do seu tempo, tanto em virtude da sua volumosa produção literária, que contabiliza cerca de 900 homilias, além de cartas e tratados, quanto da sua destacada atuação como líder religioso em Antioquia e Constantinopla, as duas mais importantes cidades da parte oriental do Império no final do Mundo Antigo. Na condição de presbítero em Antioquia, João foi autorizado pelo bispo Flaviano a pregar nas igrejas da cidade, passando então a desenvolver um intenso trabalho no sentido de incutir em sua congregação valores e comportamentos compatíveis com a doutrina cristã. Neste artigo, temos por objetivo discutir o "programa" educacional de João Crisóstomo para o homem romano por intermédio do De innani gloria, um tratado pronunciado por volta de 393 no qual o autor se dedica a orientar os pais sobre a maneira pela qual deveriam proporcionar aos filhos uma formação cristã capaz de neutralizar os efeitos do modus vivendi greco

  17. A formação dos cidadãos do céu: João Crisóstomo e a Christon paideia = Bringing up the heavenly citizens: John Chrysostom and the Christon Paideia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilvan Ventura da Silva

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available João Crisóstomo foi uma das personagens mais influentes do seu tempo, tanto em virtude da sua volumosa produção literária, que contabiliza cerca de 900 homilias, além de cartas e tratados, quanto da sua destacada atuação como líder religioso em Antioquia e Constantinopla, as duas mais importantes cidades da parte oriental do Império no final do Mundo Antigo. Na condição de presbítero em Antioquia, João foi autorizado pelo bispo Flaviano a pregar nas igrejas da cidade, passando então a desenvolver um intenso trabalho no sentido de incutir em sua congregação valores e comportamentos compatíveis com adoutrina cristã. Neste artigo, temos por objetivo discutir o “programa” educacional de João Crisóstomo para o homem romano por intermédio do De innani gloria, um tratado pronunciado por volta de 393 no qual o autor se dedica a orientar os pais sobre a maneirapela qual deveriam proporcionar aos filhos uma formação cristã capaz de neutralizar os efeitos do modus vivendi greco-romano, considerado por João uma fonte permanente de vício e imoralidade.John Chrysostom was undoubtedly one of the most influent Christian intellectuals in the Later Roman Empire. Owing to the amazing bulk of his texts, including more than nine hundred homilies and several letters and theological tracts, as well as his intervention as an active religious leader in Antioch and Constantinople, the two most important Roman eastern cities in antiquity, he became an outstanding personality in the History of the Church. Ordained as presbyter in Antioch in 386, John was allowed by his bishop, Flavian, to preach in the Antiochene churches. Henceforward, he started carrying out an intense missionary activity in order to spread Christian values amidst his congregation. In this article, we intend to discuss theeducational “program” conceived by John Chrysostom based on the analysis of De innani gloria, a tract delivered by 393 in which the author explains to

  18. A saga do burro e do boi: um estudo de O burrinho pedrÃs e Conversa de bois, de JoÃo GuimarÃes Rosa

    OpenAIRE

    Kelly Cristina Medeiros Ferreira

    2009-01-01

    JoÃo GuimarÃes Rosa definia-se como um homem do sertÃo e mostrava-se fortemente ligado à terra. Ao longo de sua monumental obra encontramos densos registros sobre essa ligaÃÃo. Em 1965, revela em entrevista a Gunter W. Lorenz seu peculiar interesse por animais, diplomacia, religiÃes e idiomas. A biografia do escritor nÃo se dissocia da obra. Dessa forma, evidencia-se em O burrinho pedrÃs e Conversa de bois - o tratamento conspÃcuo dispensado aos bichos. Assim sendo, procederemo...

  19. EDUCAÇÃO AMBIENTAL NA AMAZÔNIA: as contribuições da EA na Reserva Extrativista Marinha de São João da Ponta – PA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indiara da Silva Oliveira

    2016-03-01

       EDUCACIÓN AMBIENTAL EN EL AMAZONAS: Las contribuciones de la EA en la Reserva Extractiva Marina de São João da Ponta – PA  RESUMEN Environmental educación es una práctica pedagógica dirigida a todos los segmentos de la sociedad y sus acciones se debe practicar con el objetivo de resolver o minimizar los problemas ambientales existentes en el nivel y / o global local. En este sentido, debido a la necesidad de la conservación de los recursos naturales y la solución o minimización de los problemas ambientales de manera que: depredadora pesca del cangrejo, la deforestación y la sedimentación en los bordes de los pantanos y arroyos, la desaparición de especies de flora y fauna y la presencia de vertederos, la Reserva Extractiva Marina de São João da Ponta - PA, las actividades de EA se llevaron a cabo a partir de la extensión universitaria, el Grupo de Estudio de Paisaje y Medio Ambiente Planificación (GEPPAM de la Facultad de Geografía y Cartografía (FGC, la Universidad Federal de Pará (UFPA. Y le tocó a este trabajo científico llamado Educación Ambiental en la Amazonía: el caso de Reserva Extractiva Marina de São João da Ponta - PA analizar estas actividades en ese RESEX, basado en los principios y objetivos de la educación ambiental, según lo definido por la Ley 9.795 / 99, el establecimiento de la Política Nacional de Educación Ambiental, así como la contribución de estas prácticas educativas para la Gestión Ambiental de la reserva en cuestión. Para el presente estudio se había utilizado la literatura y documentos, entrevistas con agentes ambientales voluntarias y el trabajo de laboratorio para la fabricación de tablas y gráficos. Sus resultados fueron prometedores, aunque todavía queda mucho por hacer para resolverlos problemas sociales y ambientales encontradas en la Reserva Extractiva Marina de São João da Ponta - PA. Palabras clave: Medio Ambiente; Gestión; Unidad de Conservación.

  20. Entre a fábrica e a senzala: um estudo sobre o cotidiano dos africanos livres na Real Fábrica de Ferro São João do Ipanema - Sorocaba - SP (1840-1870)

    OpenAIRE

    Ribeiro, Mariana Alice Pereira Schatzer [UNESP

    2014-01-01

    This thesis intend to analyze the experience of free Africans in an imperial factory environment, the Fábrica de Ferro São João do Ipanema, located in Sorocaba – SP, searching to see them as historical subjects, inserted in the slavery and active resistance of such a system relations. This study is a sequence of work done in scientific research developed during the year of 2010, which we examine the life of slave laborers between 1835-1838. As already held a work with the slaves, called Creol...

  1. Ocena prostorske razsežnosti žledoloma februarja 2014 v bukovih in smrekovih sestojih v občinah Tolmin in Dobrova - Polhov Gradec s pomočjo tehnologije daljinskega zaznavanja

    OpenAIRE

    Šafran, Aljoša

    2018-01-01

    V magistrskem delu obravnavamo žledolom, ki je ob koncu januarja in začetku februarja 2014 povzročil gmotno škodo ne le na vegetaciji, temveč tudi na energetski in železniški infrastrukturi. Po dosedanjih ocenah gre za enega izmed najobsežnejših žledolomov na območju Slovenije v zadnjih desetletjih. V raziskavi nas je zanimala prostorska razporeditev sprememb v biomasi bukovih in smrekovih sestojev na z žledom prizadetih območjih, zaznanih s pomočjo satelita Landsat. V raziskavo sta bili zaje...

  2. Prevalência de uso de recursos ergogênicos em praticantes de musculação na cidade de João Pessoa, Paraíba

    OpenAIRE

    Nogueira, Fabiana Ranielle de Siqueira; Brito, Aline de Freitas; Vieira, Thaiza Isidro; Oliveira, Caio Victor Coutinho de; Gouveia, Rachel Linka Beniz

    2015-01-01

    Este artigo determina a prevalência e o perfil dos usuários de Esteroides Anabólicos Androgênicos (EAAs) e Suplementos Alimentares (SAs) da cidade de João Pessoa, Paraíba (PB). Os dados foram coletados por questionário estruturado. Foram analisados 510 sujeitos (24,9±6,2 anos), sendo 79,4% (n=405) do sexo masculino. A prevalência de uso de EAAs e SAs foi de 20,6% (n=105) e 55,5% (n=283), respectivamente. Os usuários eram majoritariamente homens, jovens, com baixa escolaridade e que treinavam ...

  3. Caracterização hidráulica, hidrológica e de transporte sólido do evento de 20 de fevereiro de 2010 na Ribeira de João Gomes - Ilha da Madeira

    OpenAIRE

    Castro, João Nélio Remêsso

    2011-01-01

    O presente trabalho surge em resultado do evento de 20 de Fevereiro de 2010, com o objectivo de caracterizar a bacia hidrográfica da Ribeira de João Gomes, nas suas vertentes hidráulicas, hidrológicas e de transporte sólido. Inicialmente este trabalho relata as condições climáticas, geológicas e hidrológicas da ilha da Madeira, inclusive nos recursos hídricos e nas situações hidrológicas extremas. Em seguida é apresentado uma breve cronologia dos eventos aluviais presentes na ilha da Madei...

  4. Vida privada de um homem público na década de 1950: uma liderança petebista na cidade de São João da Boa Vista, São Paulo

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolau, Maria

    2013-01-01

    A presente pesquisa analisa a emergência de um líder petebista no Município de São João da Boa Vista (SP), durante os anos de 1950. De nome Miguel Jorge Nicolau, oriundo de uma família de imigrantes árabe-libanesa, iniciou sua trajetória na vida pública a partir de seu quotidiano em uma fábrica têxtil da cidade (Fiatece), cujos trabalhadores eram fundamentalmente mulheres. Apesar da comunidade árabe-libanesa ser vista com certas reservas por parte daquela população interiorana, a que se acres...

  5. GAS BEARING

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skarstrom, C.W.

    1960-09-01

    A gas lubricated bearing for a rotating shaft is described. The assembly comprises a stationary collar having an annular member resiliently supported thereon. The collar and annular member are provided with cooperating gas passages arranged for admission of pressurized gas which supports and lubricates a bearing block fixed to the rotatable shaft. The resilient means for the annular member support the latter against movement away from the bearing block when the assembly is in operation.

  6. Requirements for gas quality and gas appliances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Levinsky, Howard; Gersen, Sander; Kiewiet, Bert

    2015-01-01

    Introduction The gas transmission network in the Netherlands transports two different qualities of gas, low-calorific gas known as G-gas or L-gas and, high calorific gas (H-gas). These two gas qualities are transported in separate networks, and are connected by means of five blending and conversion

  7. Arquétipos da dualidade feminina no conto “Desenredo” de João Guimarães Rosa = Archetypes of feminine dualism in the short-story “Desenredo” by João Guimarães Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silva, Antonia Marly Moura da

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available No conto “Desenredo”, integrante de Tutaméia (1967 de João Guimarães Rosa, os arquétipos da dualidade feminina emblematizam os atributos do posicionamento da mulher frente ao mundo. Adúltera, a personagem central é a Bruxa, a Grande prostituta, Lilith, encarnando a alma bacante, o protótipo dionisíaco, porém, no desfecho da narrativa, de forma mágica o amante consegue recompor aos olhos dos outros a imagem da mulher, temida e odiada pelos moradores do lugar. Reintegrando o arquétipo da Grande Mãe, a personagem passa a ser retratada como a Virgem, o arquétipo de Eva, representando a perfeição e a pureza: metas da aspiração masculina reconhecidas pela tradição de Eros. É, pois, seguindo essa linha de reflexão que faremos uma leitura do referido conto procurando reconhecer símbolos e arquétipos da dualidade expressos na arquitetura ficcional

  8. Diversidade de Euglossinae (Hymenoptera, Apidae em dois fragmentos de Mata Atlântica localizados na região urbana de João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brasil Diversity of Euglossinac (Hymenoptera, Apidae in two Atlantic Forest fragments located in the urban area of João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleomar Porto Bezerra

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available The use of fragrances to attract males of Euglossinae bees has been an important tool to increase the knowledge of the group. In the Northeastern of Brazil, studies on euglossine bees are still uncommon, mainly in urban areas. The goals of this study are to identify the Euglossinae species composition, to know the diversity and the community structure of Euglossinae species, verify their preferences for different fragrances and evaluate the phenology of these species, in two Atlantic Forest fragments of the city of João Pessoa, Paraíba state, Brazil. Bees were sampled at 15 days intervals, over the course of one year, from 8:00 to 17:00 hours, through the use of traps baited with seven types of fragrances. In both areas, 1082 individuals belonging to nine species were sampled. None significant difference of diversity and relative abundance of bees between fragments were observed. Eucalyptol was the most attractive fragrance. Bees were more abundant between 8:00 and 9:00 AM. Visits to the fragrances were more frequent from the middle of dry season to the beginning of the rainy season and positively correlated with the monthly mean temperature. Most species of bees visited all the baits over the year, but the number of attracted males was highest in April.

  9. Gas magnetometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Thad Gilbert; Lancor, Brian Robert; Wyllie, Robert

    2016-05-03

    Measurement of a precessional rate of a gas, such as an alkali gas, in a magnetic field is made by promoting a non-uniform precession of the gas in which substantially no net magnetic field affects the gas during a majority of the precession cycle. This allows sensitive gases that would be subject to spin-exchange collision de-phasing to be effectively used for extremely sensitive measurements in the presence of an environmental magnetic field such as the Earth's magnetic field.

  10. Gas separating

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gollan, A.

    1988-03-29

    Feed gas is directed tangentially along the non-skin surface of gas separation membrane modules comprising a cylindrical bundle of parallel contiguous hollow fibers supported to allow feed gas to flow from an inlet at one end of a cylindrical housing through the bores of the bundled fibers to an outlet at the other end while a component of the feed gas permeates through the fibers, each having the skin side on the outside, through a permeate outlet in the cylindrical casing. 3 figs.

  11. Manure gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carre, I

    1947-05-01

    A short description of the process is given, with gas yields from various feedstocks, and the composition of the gas. Short descriptions of several batch digester designs are given: Algerian, Salubra, Betur, Baudot-Hardoll and Ofta, and Somagaz. The utilization and the economics of the process are discussed. Two diagrams of Ducellier and Isman designs are included.

  12. Landfill gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hartnell, Gaynor

    2000-01-01

    Following the UK Government's initiative for stimulating renewable energy through the Non-Fossil Fuel Obligation (NFFO), the UK landfill gas industry has more than trebled in size in just 4 years. As a result, UK companies are now in a strong position to offer their skills and services overseas. Ireland, Greece and Spain also resort heavily to disposal to landfill. Particularly rapid growth of the landfill gas market is expected in the OECD-Pacific and NAFTA areas. The article explains that landfill gas is a methane-rich mixture produced by anaerobic decomposition of organic wastes in landfills: under optimum conditions, up to 500 cubic meters of gas can be obtained from 1 tonne of biodegradable waste. Data on the number and capacity of sites in the UK are given. The Landfill Gas Association runs courses to counteract the skills shortage in the UK, and tailored courses for overseas visitors are planned

  13. Quando morre a flor do sertão: figuração da morte em “Buriti” de João Guimarães Rosa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Maria Forte Diogo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo estudar de que modo é figurada a morte da personagem Maria Behú, de “Buriti”, Noites do sertão (1956, de João Guimarães Rosa e os símbolos que a ela se agregam. Para tanto, investigamos as focalizações narrativas que incidem sobre Behú, construindo sua imagem como beata, assexuada, atuante na esfera da metafísica, sendo a sua morte o início da intensa vivência da sexualidade pelos demais personagens. “Buriti” narra a estória dos habitantes da fazenda Buriti Bom e daqueles que por lá transitam e as mudanças que ocasionam na vida uns dos outros. Behú é a personagem que mais contrasta com o ambiente, pois dele difere por não apresentar marcas de erotismo ou vida plena. Behú funciona na novela como guardiã da tradição e da cultura, seus usos e seus costumes, estilizados pela linguagem roseana.Palavras-chave: João Guimarães Rosa; Cultura; Linguagem; Morte; Tradição.

  14. Treatment of Gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Funding IFFGD Symposium reports Industry Council Contact Us Treatment of Gas You are here: Home Symptoms & Causes Intestinal Gas ... Controlling Intestinal Gas Foods That May Cause Gas Treatment of Gas Tips on Controlling Gas Adapted from IFFGD Publication # ...

  15. Asian gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Masuda, T.

    1990-01-01

    This paper reports on natural gas which now appears ready to take a leading role on the world energy stage. Demand for natural gas, and specifically LNG, will be strong throughout the world, particularly in Asia. Indonesia and Malaysia will become much more dependent on natural gas in the Asian market. In Thailand, where remarkable economic growth has been fueled by imported oil and domestically produced natural gas, LNG may soon have to be imported from neighboring countries. The author sees Thailand's imports of natural gas increasing from 1.5 to 4.5 million tons annually. Similarly, Korea's imports of LNG will rise from 2 to 8 million tons between 1987 and 2000. In Japan, energy demand is expected to increase at an even faster rate in the 1990s. Given the opposition to nuclear power generation and growing concern about the greenhouse effect, it is likely that LNG will satisfy a major portion of Japan's increasing demand for energy. Japanese gas companies are studying the possibility of establishing a national pipeline network to move gas beyond metropolitan areas

  16. Gas dusulfurization

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Powell, B.E.; Bakhshi, V.S.; Randolph, D.A.

    1984-01-01

    A process for adsorbing sulfur dioxide from a gas comprising contacting a gas containing SO 2 , such as a flue gas, with about stoichiometric amounts of a specially prepared calcium oxide so that substantially all of the sulfur dioxide content is reacted throughout the calcium oxide particle to form a calcium sulfate reaction product. The useful calcium oxide particles comprise a highly voided skeletal structure of very large surface area and large pore volume with numerous macro pores. Such particles are obtained by flash calcining sand-size grains of calcium carbonate, such as aragonite, calcite or dolomite

  17. Gas turbines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farahan, E.; Eudaly, J.P.

    1978-10-01

    This evaluation provides performance and cost data for commercially available simple- and regenerative-cycle gas turbines. Intercooled, reheat, and compound cycles are discussed from theoretical basis only, because actual units are not currently available, except on a special-order basis. Performance characteristics investigated include unit efficiency at full-load and off-design conditions, and at rated capacity. Costs are tabulated for both simple- and regenerative-cycle gas turbines. The output capacity of the gas turbines investigated ranges from 80 to 134,000 hp for simple units and from 12,000 to 50,000 hp for regenerative units.

  18. Relação entre uso do solo e comportamento hidrológico na Bacia Hidrográfica do Ribeirão João Leite Relationship between land use and hydrological behavior in the 'Ribeirão João Leite' watershed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo H. M. dos Santos

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available O comportamento hidrológico de bacias hidrográficas decorre principalmente da variabilidade dos processos climáticos e do uso do solo. A Bacia do Ribeirão João Leite constitui-se no principal manancial de abastecimento de Goiânia e, recentemente, foram verificadas intensas modificações no uso do solo e disponibilidade de água. Neste contexto, teve-se como objetivo classificar o uso do solo entre 1979 e 2005 e realizar a associação do escoamento com o uso do solo e a variabilidade pluviométrica. Para isto, se utilizaram imagens Landsat dos anos de 1979, 1989, 1997 e 2005, além de dados fluviométricos e pluviométricos disponibilizados pela Agência Nacional de Águas (ANA. O uso do solo foi marcado pelo desmatamento de 17,8% da vegetação nativa, expansão das áreas de urbanização e agricultura em 6,6 e 15,2%, respectivamente, e pela expressiva área de pastagens. Constatou-se tendência de redução no escoamento explicada, em parte, pela redução do regime de chuvas; contudo, devido ao expressivo aumento da água captada e à ausência de registros históricos, houve dificuldade na associação qualitativa entre o escoamento e o uso do solo, apesar de serem gerados modelos por regressão linear com coeficientes de determinação (R² acima de 0,75.The hydrological behavior of watersheds derives mainly from climate variability and land use. The 'Ribeirão João Leite' watershed is the main sourse of water supply in Goiânia city, and recently intense modifications were observed in the land use and availability of water. In this context, this work proposes to classify the land use between 1979 and 2005 and establish the association of the runoff with the land use and climate variability. For this, Landsat images from the years 1979, 1989, 1997 and 2005 were used as well as flow and rainfall data provided by the Agência Nacional de Água (ANA. The land use was marked by 17.8% of deforestation, expansion of the urbanization and

  19. Relação entre perfil psicomotor e estilo de vida de crianças de escolas do município de João Pessoa, PB Relationship between psychomotor profile and lifestyle among schoolchildren in João Pessoa, PB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neide Maria Gomes de Lucena

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do estudo foi comparar o grau de desenvolvimento psicomotor e o estilo de vida de crianças matriculadas nas redes pública e privada de ensino do município de João Pessoa, PB. O estilo de vida foi estimado pelo desempenho de atividades escolares e não-escolares. Participaram do estudo 74 crianças de 9 a 12 anos (10,5±1,2 anos, 38 meninas e 36 meninos. Para avaliação, foi aplicada a bateria de testes psicomotores de Picq e Vayer e um formulário com questões sobre atividades desempenhadas na escola e fora dela. Os dados revelam que, das 74 crianças avaliadas, 63 (85% apresentavam distúrbios no desenvolvimento psicomotor, com maior incidência nas escolas da rede pública. Dentre as atividades escolares, 35% das crianças com distúrbio psicomotor indicaram não fazer atividade alguma no recreio; das que apresentaram desenvolvimento típico, nenhuma disse não fazer atividade alguma e 36% indicaram fazer esporte (contra 5% daquelas com distúrbio; quanto às atividades não-escolares, televisão, jogos eletrônicos e internet foram apontadas como preferidas por 44,3% das crianças com distúrbio, e por nenhuma com desenvolvimento típico. A preferência das crianças que apresentaram distúrbio por atividades mais estáticas sugere associação entre estilo de vida e perfil psicomotor.The purpose of the study was to assess whether schoolchildren psychomotor development is related to lifestyle - the latter estimated by performance of school and non-school leisure activities. Seventy-four children (38 girls, 36 boys aged 9 to 12 (10.5±1.2 years old were selected among those enrolled in public and private schools in João Pessoa, PB. They were assessed by means of the Picq & Vayer test battery and by a questionnaire on school and non-school leisure activities. Results show that, among the 74 sample children, 63 (85% presented developmental disorder, mostly attending public schools. Among school activities, 35% of children with

  20. Variabilidade espacial e temporal da precipitação pluvial na bacia hidrográfica do Ribeirão João Leite-GO Spatial and temporal behavior of pluvial precipitation in the João Leite watershed, GO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo H. M. dos Santos

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available A precipitação pluvial constitui-se na principal variável hidrológica de entrada do ciclo hidrológico e para conhecimento da variabilidade espacial e temporal como informação básica para estudos hidrológicos, manejo de bacias hidrográficas, gestão de recursos hídricos, dentre outros. Os recursos hídricos superficiais produzidos nessa bacia são essenciais ao desenvolvimento do eixo Goiânia-Anápolis-Brasília e, recentemente, com o aumento da demanda hídrica, tem sido relatados conflitos pelo uso da água. Dessa maneira, tem-se que o desenvolvimento de estudos hidrológicos visando ao melhor entendimento e aproveitamento dos recursos hídricos é estratégico para o desenvolvimento da região. Nesse sentido, objetivou-se com este estudo mapear a precipitação média mensal e anual na bacia hidrográfica do Ribeirão João Leite, com o auxílio de técnicas geoestatísticas. Foram avaliados os modelos de semivariograma esférico, exponencial e gaussiano, ajustados pelo método dos mínimos quadrados ponderados, sendo que o modelo utilizado no mapeamento por krigagem foi o que apresentou o menor erro médio indicado pela validação cruzada. Foi constatado bom desempenho das técnicas geoestatísticas no mapeamento da precipitação média mensal e anual, indicado pelos pequenos erros encontrados, podendo-se destacar o modelo de semivariograma exponencial, que se sobressaiu na maioria dos eventos estudados.The pluvial precipitation is the main hydrology variable input in the hydrological cycle and the knowledge of their spatial and temporal behavior is basic material for hydrological studies, watershed and water resource management, among others. The surface water produced in this basin is essential to the development of the Axis Anápolis-Goiânia-Brasília and recently, with the increasing of water demand, it has been reported conflicts by the water use. Thus, it appears that the development of hydrological studies aimed for

  1. Adesão ao tratamento de idosos com hipertensão em uma unidade básica de saúde de João Pessoa, Estado da Paraíba = The adhesion to the treatment for old with arterial high blood pressure in basic unit of health of João Pessoa, Paraíba State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cinthia Souto Dourado

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A principal estratégia para evitar as complicações da hipertensão baseia-se nos tratamento medicamentoso e não medicamentoso. Porém o êxito ou fracasso terapêutico depende da adesão que, por sua vez, consiste no principal desafio. Por este motivo objetivou-se analisar a adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso e não medicamentoso por idosos hipertensos. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, com 25 pacientes acima de 60 anos de idade, atendidos por uma unidade de básica de saúde em 2008, na cidade de João Pessoa, Estado da Paraíba. Com relação à adesão medicamentosa, 12 pacientes referem fazer uso correto da medicação prescrita, enquanto 13 deixaram de usá-la. Dentre os principais motivos para a não adesão ao tratamento medicamentoso, estavam o esquecimento (10, a ausência de sintomas (8 e a desmotivação (7, dentre outros. Considerando as variáveis não-medicamentosas, obteve-se o resultado de que apenas quatro foram considerados aderentes; 19 mostraram-se parcialmente aderentes e apenas 8% revelaram-se não aderentes. Quanto às dificuldades para seguir o tratamento, 12 dos entrevistados relataram seguir a dieta e as mudanças no estilo de vida. Os resultados obtidos indicam baixa adesão ao tratamento anti-hipertensivo e sugerem a implantação de estratégias que facilitem uma melhor adesão às medidas de controle da hipertensão.The principal strategy to avoid the complications of the high blood pressure is based on the medicamental treatment and not medicamentally. However the result or therapeutic failure depends on the adhesion that for his time consists of the principal challenge. Aimed analyze the adhesion to the medicamental treatment and not medicamentally for old with arterial high blood pressure. Study of thedescriptive, where 25 patients above 60 years in the unity of health, in 2008, in João Pessoa, Paraíba State. Regarding medicamental adhesion, 12 tells to do correct use of the medication whereas 13 stops

  2. Avaliação sensorial de uvas de mesa produzidas no Vale do São Francisco e comercializadas em João Pessoa - PB Sensorial evatuation of table grapes produced in the São Francisco Valley and traded in João Pessoa - PB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robson de Jesus Mascarenhas

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Tomando-se como base o nível crescente de exigência do consumidor por frutas de mesa, as características de qualidade das uvas 'Itália', 'Festival' ('Superior Seedless', 'Benitaka' e 'Isabel', expostas à venda em três redes de supermercados, na cidade de João Pessoa - Paraíba - Brasil, foram avaliadas em dezembro de 2007. Inicialmente, foram selecionados e treinados julgadores que estabeleceram e definiram os seguintes atributos sensoriais de importância: tonalidade e uniformidade de cor, aroma, firmeza, presença de sementes, suculência, doçura, acidez, sabor e qualidade global. Os diâmetros, comprimentos e pesos das bagas estavam condizentes com os parâmetros comerciais ou varietais. Os conteúdos de sólidos solúveis (SS, com exceção da uva 'Benitaka', apresentaram-se em conformidade com os padrões comerciais. Apenas a cultivar Festival, com a menor acidez titulável (AT, apresentou relação SS/AT aceitável. Foram realizadas três sessões de análises descritivas quantitativas (ADQ, nas quais a uva 'Itália' foi a de melhor sabor e, em conjunto com a apirênica 'Festival', apresentou maiores doçuras e qualidade global. A cultivar Isabel apresentou a cor mais forte , enquanto a Festival foi a melhor no atributo semente. Aplicou-se o Teste de Preferência por Ordenação, no qual as uvas 'Itália' e 'Festival' foram as preferidas.Taking into account the increasing demand by table fruits consumers, the quality characteristics of the grapes 'Italy', 'Festival' ('Superior Seedless', 'Benitaka', and 'Isabel' exposed for sale in three supermarket chains from the city of João Pessoa - Paraíba - Brazil, were evaluated in December, 2007. Initially, it was selected and trained judges that established and defined the following sensorial attributes of importance: tonality and color, uniformity, aroma, firmness, presence of seeds, succulence, sweetness, acidity, flavor, and global quality. Diameters, lengths, and weight of berries

  3. In-Born Radio Frequency Identification Devices for Safeguards Use at Gas-Centrifuge Enrichment Plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ward, R.; Rosenthal, M.

    2009-01-01

    Global expansion of nuclear power has made the need for improved safeguards measures at Gas Centrifuge Enrichment Plants (GCEPs) imperative. One technology under consideration for safeguards applications is Radio Frequency Identification Devices (RFIDs). RFIDs have the potential to increase IAEA inspector's efficiency and effectiveness either by reducing the number of inspection visits necessary or by reducing inspection effort at those visits. This study assesses the use of RFIDs as an integral component of the 'Option 4' safeguards approach developed by Bruce Moran, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC), for a model GCEP [1]. A previous analysis of RFIDs was conducted by Jae Jo, Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), which evaluated the effectiveness of an RFID tag applied by the facility operator [2]. This paper presents a similar evaluation carried out in the framework of Jo's paper, but it is predicated on the assumption that the RFID tag is applied by the manufacturer at the birth of the cylinder, rather than by the operator. Relevant diversion scenarios are examined to determine if RFIDs increase the effectiveness and/ or efficiency of safeguards in these scenarios. Conclusions on the benefits offered to inspectors by using in-born RFID tagging are presented.

  4. A Influência dos Projetos Municipais Voltados ao Desenvolvimento do Turismo e das Atividades Produtivas Familiares e Comerciais na Comunidade de São João do Lago do Tupé no Município de Manaus, Estado do Amazonas

    OpenAIRE

    Roberto Delfino maia da Silva; Julio César Rodríguez Tello; Lizit Alencar da Costa

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this study was to build the capacity to observe and reflect on the way in which projects are carried out by the administration of the city of Manaus as they pertain to the community of São João Lago do Tupé, in the Tupé Sustainable Development Reserve (REDES), and how they influence positively or negatively family business endeavors, as well as how they influence commerce and tourism. In October of (2005) field work was conducted in the community of São João Lago do Tupé whic...

  5. Volcanic Gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... offensive odor. It is sometimes referred to as sewer gas. Interestingly, the human nose is more sensitive ... the atmosphere where they can potentially cause acid rain. In an ash -producing eruption, ash particles are ...

  6. Gas - flatulence

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Gas and other symptoms such as stomach pain, rectal pain, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, fever, or ... Copyright 1997-2018, A.D.A.M., Inc. Duplication for commercial use must be authorized in writing ...

  7. Pilsētas sarukšanas ietekme uz Rīgas vēsturiskā centra vidi

    OpenAIRE

    Ķivule, Astra

    2013-01-01

    Pasaulē katru gadu ievērojami pieaug pilsētās un mazpilsētās dzīvojošo cilvēku skaits. Vienlaikus Eiropa piedzīvo rūkošo pilsētu fenomenu, ko veicina zemā dzimstība un suburbanizācijas procesi. Pie rūkošām pilsētām pieskaitāma arī Rīga, kas pēdējo 20 gadu laikā ir zaudējusi vairāk nekā 20% iedzīvotāju. Šis process atspoguļojas Rīgas vēsturiskā centra vidē, jo īpaši lielajā neapdzīvoto ēku īpatsvarā. Maģistra darbā apzināts neizmantoto ēku skaits Rīgas vēsturiskajā centrā. Neizmantotās ēkas da...

  8. Gas sensor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dorogan, V.; Korotchenkov, Gh.; Vieru, T.; Prodan, I.

    2003-01-01

    The invention relates to the gas sensors on base of metal-oxide films (SnO, InO), which may be used for enviromental control, in the fireextinguishing systema etc. The gas includes an insulating substrate, an active layer, a resistive layer with ohmic contacts. The resistive layer has two or more regions with dofferent resistances , and on the active layer are two or more pairs of ohmic contacts

  9. Tomorrow, gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Icart, Laura; Jean, Pascale; Georget, Cyrille; Schmill, Rafael

    2017-01-01

    This document contains 12 articles notably addressing the importance of natural gas production and supplies in Europe. The themes of the articles are: the advantages of natural gas in the context of energy and environmental policies, energy diversification, energy supply in the local territories, etc.; the position of GrDF, one of the main French natural gas supplier; LPG (butane, propane), a solution which popularity grows in remote areas; the Gaya project (production of renewable gas from dry biomass); a panorama of gas supply routes in Europe; the situation of gas in Europe's energy supply and consumption; the promotion of LNG fuel for maritime and fluvial ships; why the small scale LNG could be the next revolution; presentation of the new 'Honfleur' ferry (using LNG fuel) that will cross the English Channel by 2019; carbon market and the role of ETS for the energy policy in Europe facing the climatic change challenge; presentation of the French 'Climate Plan' that aims to engage France into a carbon neutrality by 2050; presentation of the French policy against air pollution; economic growth, energy, climate: how to square this circle?

  10. Direito e marxismo: a política de qualificação para trabalhadores desempregados na experiência do MTD em João Pessoa / Law and marxism: the qualification policy for unemployed workers and the unemployed workers movement experience in João Pessoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ítalo Giovanni Fernandes Correia

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O Núcleo de Extensão Popular (NEP - Flor de Mandacaru, da Universidade Federal da Paraíba, promove experiências de Assessoria Jurídica Popular através da extensão. Um dos seus eixos acompanha a Luta pelo Trabalho protagonizada pelo Movimento dos Trabalhadores Desempregados (MTD, em João Pessoa. Vivencia-se a contradição imposta na relação "qualificação profissional x mercado de trabalho" – que se organiza como uma das dimensões da divisão social do trabalho própria à contradição capital-trabalho. Dentre as atividades do Núcleo, analisa-se um programa de qualificação para combate ao desemprego criado pela Prefeitura Municipal de João Pessoa no fim de 2010, conquistado pelo MTD e executado pela Secretaria de Desenvolvimento Social: QualificaJP. Com o aporte teórico em referenciais marxistas, que versam sobre formação educacional e desenvolvimento social/econômico, analisa-se a contradição condicionada pela estrutura de mercado, que implicou na aceitação emergencial de uma política perpetuadora da dominação dos trabalhadores por aquela. Por isso, desenvolveu-se, sob a perspectiva extensionista, a crítica à manipulação dos trabalhadores pelas políticas de reserva de mercado e de competitividade através das qualificações, como também, o horizonte de que a tomada de consciência através da luta dos trabalhadores desempregados, envolvidos no caso, seria possibilitada pelo aprofundamento da contradição vivenciada - a força de trabalho e sua qualificação genérica não implicam na absorção pelo mercado de trabalho. Entrar em contato com a demanda dos desempregados a partir da extensão significa transformar o Direito em instrumento a favor da sociedade. Os grupos sociais são atores diretos desse desenvolvimento, mas têm suas práticas condicionadas pelo momento histórico em que vivem. Dessa forma, sem o movimento e atuação deles não há transformações na vida cotidiana, cabendo

  11. Análise da expressividade cultural do São João de Cachoeira-BA com a contribuição da geotecnologia: a percepção dos moradores locais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randerson dos Santos Almeida

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available A cidade de Cachoeira, localizada no Recôncavo Baiano, exerceu grande influência na história do Brasil, não só em questões políticas e econômicas, mas também com relação a cultura. Tanto que foi tombada pelo Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional - IPHAN pelo seu conjunto arquitetônico e paisagístico, sendo considerada Monumento Nacional. Dentre as diversas manifestações e eventos culturais da cidade, destaca-se a Festa de São João da Feira do Porto de Cachoeira, o primeiro São João planejado da Bahia. O marco dessa festa foi o investimento e o apoio da Empresa de Turismo da Bahia - Bahiatursa (empresa governamental de promoção do turismo, em 1972. Após a saída da Bahiatursa da organização do evento e da entrada do poder municipal no final da década de 1980, a festa sofreu mudanças na sua essência, apresentando nos últimos anos sinais de perda da autenticidade. Por isso, o presente artigo traz reflexões acerca da percepção dos moradores locais diante das transformações ocorridas na festa e em sua expressividade cultural. Para a consignação de tais objetivos utilizou-se o estudo de caso e diferentes técnicas de pesquisas, tendo a análise espacial por meio da geotecnologia como principal vetor de investigação. Os resultados indicaram a necessidade de revisão das diretrizes do município, em especial do projeto de organização do São João, desde sua programação até os produtos vendidos, para continuar representante da cultura de raiz do Recôncavo. Desta forma, este artigo contribui para avançar nos estudos ligados a tradição e cultura da Bahia, buscando entender e melhorar as suas contribuições para o desenvolvimento de todos envolvidos no processo.

  12. Stockscheider Quartzo-Moscovíticos e Pegmatíticos na Zona de Cúpula do Granitóide Ritápolis, Região de São João del Rei, Minas Gerais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronaldo Mello Pereira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Em quatro áreas da Província Pegmatítica de São João del Rei são encontrados clusters de corpos constituídos basicamente por quartzo-moscovita, que estão em estreita associação com pegmatitos posicionados paralelamente à zona de cúpula do granitóide Ritápolis, no contato deste com as rochas metassedimentares - metavulcânicas da faixa greenstone Rio das Mortes. As associações mineralógicas determinadas para os stockscheider quartzo-moscovíticos e pegmatíticos, representadas por columbita-tantalita, cassiterita, gahnita, zircão, xenotímio e monazita, são semelhantes às determinadas para os demais pegmatitos da Província Pegmatítica de São João del Rei. Os tipos de inclusões (Pb-tantalita, microlita, Pb-microlita, U-microlita, Ba-microlita, zircão rico em Hf contidas na Fe-columbita associada ao stocksheider também são as mesmas da Fe-columbita associada aos pegmatitos mais evoluídos da província. Os stockscheider quartzo-moscovíticos e pegmatíticos estão vinculados ao granitóide Ritápolis e este, aos demais pegmatitos da Província Pegmatítica de São João del Rei. O mecanismo proposto para a formação dos clusters de stockscheider quartzo-muscovíticos e pegmatíticos é o da cristalização de bolsões localizados contendo fluidos tardi-magmáticos e pós-magmáticos (hidrotermais - metassomáticos segregados do magma granítico, os quais foram injetados ao longo de fraturas paralelas à zona de cúpula do granitóide Ritápolis.

  13. Gas war

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shiry, J.

    1992-01-01

    The sale of natural gas to California is one of the most complex and contested trade disputes between the USA and Canada. The background and the issues involved are discussed. An oversupply of Canadian gas, combined with USA subsidies for producing coalbed methane and a general oversupply of gas in the USA, have made spot gas prices decline to unexpectedly low levels. California regulators have responded to this situation by trying to secure the lowest possible prices for consumers, thereby causing them to abandon long-standing trade policies with Canada. The main agent of this change is the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), whose actions have reduced the value of Canadian exports and Alberta government revenues by at least $250 million annually. CPUC supported buying from a supply pool (Alberta ampersand Southern Gas) since it provided monopoly purchasing power, and CPUC's policy against pipeline expansion produced the limited access to California that the CPUC now cites as evidence of a producer cartel. CPUC has interfered in contracts with Canadian producers in its pipeline access policies, its capacity brokering decision of 1991, and its reasonableness test for past sales. In its haste to force its own view of market results onto existing contractual relationships, the CPUC is not allowing open negotiations to reshape the relationship, and CPUC actions may be generating countermeasures by Alberta that are inappropriate under deregulation. 3 figs

  14. Gas attack

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    North, D.

    1977-08-01

    Consumersfirst Ltd. is reacting to deregulation with a massive advertising campaign. The gas utility is owned by Consumers Gas Energy Inc., and is struggling to hold onto its 35 per cent share of Ontario`s two million residential natural gas buyers. An industry analyst pointed out that deregulation could mean that Consumers` Gas has much to lose: customers, market share, control of the assets and control of the process. The Ontario Energy Board (OEB) however, had specified that Consumersfirst is not to proceed with paperwork to sign up new customers until the OEB issues a draft code-of-conduct that would prevent cross-subsidizing between regulated franchise holders. This has now been done, and several heavyweights such as Calgary-based Suncor Energy Inc., Union Gas of Chatham, Ontario, and the US-based Enron Corp. of Houston, have started campaigns to sign up potential consumers. It is predicted that brand loyalty will be a factor, but in the end, like long distance telephone rates, it will all come down to pricing, and a winning formula is not easy to find.

  15. Gas hydrates

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ramprasad, T.

    , not all of them are white like snow. Some hydrates from the deep Gulf of Mexico are richly colored in shades of yellow, orange, or even red. The ice-like masses are beautiful, and contrast with the dull gray of deep sea muds. Hydrates from the Blake... volcanoes and associated gas hydrates: Marine Geology, v. 167, p. 29-42. Milkov, A.V. and R. Sassen, 2001a, Estimate of gas hydrate resource, northwestern Gulf of Mexico continental slope: Marine Geology, v. 179, pp. 71-83. Milkov, A.V., Sassen, R...

  16. Comparação da percepção e necessidade estética de tratamento ortodôntico entre pacientes e ortodontistas nas cidades de Natal/RN e João Pessoa/PB Comparing the perception and esthetic need of orthodontic treatment between patients and orthodontists from Natal/RN and João Pessoa/PB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fábio Henrique de Sá Leitão Pinheiro

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de comparar a perspectiva estética e a necessidade de tratamento dos ortodontistas e de seus respectivos pacientes, nas cidades de Natal/RN e João Pessoa/PB, distribuíram-se questionários aos pacientes e profissionais locais que, por meio de ilustrações de algumas características das más oclusões, que possibilitaram uma comparação do grau de valorização da estética dentofacial entre ambos os grupos. Por meio de tabelas e testes estatísticos, conclui-se que o padrão braquifacial, o desvio da linha média e o apinhamento ântero-inferior são mais perceptíveis aos profissionais do que aos pacientes e que os profissionais apontaram uma maior necessidade de tratamento da Classe II mandibular e do padrão dolicofacial do que seus respectivos pacientes, na cidade de Natal. Enquanto que em João Pessoa o desvio de linha média é mais perceptível aos profissionais do que aos pacientes; o tratamento da Classe II mandibular, Classe II com AFAI aumentada e sorriso gengival são mais exigidos pelos pacientes do que pelos profissionais e o tratamento do apinhamento ântero-inferior mais solicitado pelos profissionais. Demonstrando que essas diferenças constituem informações valiosas para que cada profissional conheça as expectativas de seus pacientes e, assim, proceda de forma mais esclarecedora durante seus procedimentos clínicos.This work aimed to compare the sense of esthetics, and the capacity to deem the need of orthodontic treatment, between orthodontists and their respective patients in the cities of Natal-RN and João Pessoa-PB, Brazil. Questionnaires containing illustrations of certain aspects of malocclusions (facial patterns, facial asymmetries, unbalanced profiles, smiles and intraoral views were handed out to patients and local professionals in order to ease a comparision of the esthetic valorization degree between both of these groups. Tables and statistic tests demonstrated the existing differences and

  17. Ninguém é de ferro: a construção da corporeidade em uma academia de ginástica feminina de um bairro popular em João Pessoa

    OpenAIRE

    Lira, Manuella Ribeiro Barbosa

    2014-01-01

    A pesquisa que se segue tem como eixo central a construção do corpo feminino na atual sociedade, a partir do desenvolvimento de uma experiência etnográfica em uma academia de ginástica só para mulheres, localizada em um bairro popular da cidade de João Pessoa, no período entre os meses de dezembro de 2012 a dezembro de 2013. Os objetivos do estudo são investigar de que maneira o corpo é construído nas práticas e nos discursos da academia de ginástica só para mulheres, quais os ...

  18. Prevalência de uso de recursos ergogênicos em praticantes de musculação na cidade de João Pessoa, Paraíba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Ranielle de Siqueira Nogueira

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo determina a prevalência e o perfil dos usuários de Esteroides Anabólicos Androgênicos (EAAs e Suplementos Alimentares (SAs da cidade de João Pessoa, Paraíba (PB. Os dados foram coletados por questionário estruturado. Foram analisados 510 sujeitos (24,9±6,2 anos, sendo 79,4% (n=405 do sexo masculino. A prevalência de uso de EAAs e SAs foi de 20,6% (n=105 e 55,5% (n=283, respectivamente. Os usuários eram majoritariamente homens, jovens, com baixa escolaridade e que treinavam havia mais de quatro anos com frequência de cinco vezes por semana. Esses dados demonstram que há elevada prevalência de uso de EAAs e SAs por parte de praticantes de atividade física em academias na cidade analisada.

  19. Caracterização Química do Óleo Essencial de Philodendron sp. no Município de São João da Baliza, Roraima

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nakita Eugene Bacchus

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In the Amazon region of Brazil, the roots of different species of Philodendron sp. are used in traditional medicine. This study aims to characterize the chemical composition of the essential oils of Philodendron genus, native in mountain area in the municipality of São João da Baliza, from the Roraima state. The essential oils roots were extracted by hydrodistillation in Clevenger type apparatus for a period of three consecutive hours. The identification of chemical constituents was made by comparison of the mass spectra of the substances with the database of the GCMS system and Kovats index. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17807/orbital.v7i4.774

  20. Estimativa do consumo residencial de lenha em uma pequena comunidade rural do município de São João D’aliança, Go

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ailton Vale Teixera do

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available This work was carried out in Engenho, São João D’Aliança-GO, Brazil. The consumption was estimated by weighing the biomass used by families during a normal day, for cooking. The socio economic characteristics of the community were obtained with questionnaire. Firewood consumption was defined as 10.54 kg/house/day or 3,847 kg/house/year, with a personal consumption of 2.53 kg/person/day. The basic density was 0.61 g/cm3 and the heat of combustion was 12,131 J/kg. The energy consumption estimated in 137.04 J/house/day or 46,680.34 J/house/year.

  1. Noziedzīgi iegūtu līdzekļu legalizāciju ietekmējošie faktori attīstības valstu banku sektoros un Latvijas komercbankās

    OpenAIRE

    Golovina, Anna

    2012-01-01

    Maģistra darba nosaukums - Noziedzīgi iegūtu līdzekļu legalizāciju ietekmējoši faktori attīstības valstu banku sektorā un Latvijas komercbankās. Maģistra darba mērķis - noskaidrot un izanalizēt faktorus, kuri ietekmē noziedzīgi iegūtu līdzekļu legalizāciju attīstības valstu banku sektorā un Latvijas komercbankās. Maģistra darba metodoloģija – kvalitatīvā metode, kuras gaitā tika izstrādāta aptaujas anketa; dokumentu analīze – zinātniskās literatūras apkopošana un analīze, lai izprastu...

  2. Estimativa da geração de biogás no aterro Sanitário metropolitano de João Pessoa através Do teste BMP

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Gardênia Azevedo

    2012-01-01

    O estudo da conversão biológica com fins energéticos em aterros de resíduos sólidos urbanos representa um grande avanço para a sociedade, sendo considerada de extrema importância ambiental e econômica. Diante dessa ostentação foi realizado um estudo no aterro sanitário metropolitano de João Pessoa, visando estimar a produção de biogás e do seu principal componente, o metano. Por não existir um protocolo oficial do Teste do Potencial Bioquímico de Metano (Teste BMP) para a previ...

  3. A História encenada: O Processo do Rei, de João Mario Grilo, a imagem melancólica de um país

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tavares, Mirian

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This text analyses João Mário Grilo’s film: O Processo do Rei (The King’s Trial (1989. Based on the trial of Afonso VI, the director was able to remain faithful to the seventeenth century historical setting, but at the same time give it a contemporary feel, while exploring eternal and recurrent aspects of the story itself. Cinema, in this film, works as a stage where the story reveals the scenography that history books habitually conceal. In order to thoroughly examine the issues raised by this text, the article discusses the relationship between cinema and theatre starting with the concept of mise en scéne. What joins and separates these two artistic forms? How has cinema built its own mise en scéne throughout its history while resorting mostly to editing?En este texto analizaré la película O Processo do Rei (1989, de João Mário Grilo. Basado en el proceso contra D. Afonso VI, el realizador consiguió ser fiel al tiempo histórico –siglo XVII-, pero también profundamente contemporáneo, explorando aspectos eternos y cíclicos de la propia Historia. El cine, en esta película, funciona como un escenario donde la Historia revela la escenografía que los libros de Historia acostumbran a ocultar. Para profundizar en esta cuestión comienzo por discutir las relaciones entre el cine y el teatro a partir do concepto de mise en scéne. ¿Qué aproxima, y qué distancia, a estas dos formas artísticas? ¿De qué manera el cine, a lo largo de su historia, construyó su propia puesta en escena recurriendo, sobre todo, al montaje?

  4. A Natureza e a gênese das Minas do Sul nos livros de André João Antonil e Sebastião da Rocha Pita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Eduardo de Andrade

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo trata do sentido cosmológico da Natureza, em voga na época das representações do barroco (séculos XVII e XVIII, quando aplicado ao contexto novo da América portuguesa com o descobrimento das Minas de ouro. Dois autores da Bahia foram significativos das primeiras visões de Natureza e da sociedade das Minas do ouro: André João Antonil e Sebastião da Rocha Pita. Ambos produziram obras sobre a gênese do espaço minerador, buscando, de algum modo, integrá-lo a uma história providencial da colonização portuguesa. Para isso, investiram em temas e imagens que, além de condicionados por evidentes interesses políticos e econômicos dos plantadores do litoral, refletem os vínculos discursivos dos coloniais eruditos.This work deals with the cosmological sense of the Nature, which has been intensively studied at the time of baroc representations (17th and 18th centuries, applied to the Portuguese America new context of gold mines discoveries. Two authors from Bahia were very important to the early views on the Nature and on the society in gold mines: André João Antonil and Sebastião da Rocha Pita. Both have made studies about the genesis of the mining space in such a way to integrate it in an opportune history of the Portuguese colonization. To do this, they dealed mainly with subjects and images which reveal discourse links of colonial wise persons, and also which were influenced by political and economical interests of the coastal farmers.

  5. Cowdung gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    A basic guide for the design and construction of a small biogas plant is presented. The gas holder consists of a battery of seven used oil drums bound together with interconnected via plastic piping. Most other components, with the exception of metal valves and joints, are made of wood, stone or cement.

  6. Gas sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmid, Andreas K.; Mascaraque, Arantzazu; Santos, Benito; de la Figuera, Juan

    2014-09-09

    A gas sensor is described which incorporates a sensor stack comprising a first film layer of a ferromagnetic material, a spacer layer, and a second film layer of the ferromagnetic material. The first film layer is fabricated so that it exhibits a dependence of its magnetic anisotropy direction on the presence of a gas, That is, the orientation of the easy axis of magnetization will flip from out-of-plane to in-plane when the gas to be detected is present in sufficient concentration. By monitoring the change in resistance of the sensor stack when the orientation of the first layer's magnetization changes, and correlating that change with temperature one can determine both the identity and relative concentration of the detected gas. In one embodiment the stack sensor comprises a top ferromagnetic layer two mono layers thick of cobalt deposited upon a spacer layer of ruthenium, which in turn has a second layer of cobalt disposed on its other side, this second cobalt layer in contact with a programmable heater chip.

  7. Manure gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carre, I

    1948-11-01

    Descriptions are given of several batch digesters: the Algerian, Salubra, Betur, Baudot-Hardoll and Ofla, and Somagaz designs. Sketches of two Ducellier and Isman designs are given with a photograph of an installation consisting of four contiguous, rectangular concrete tanks. There are short explanations of the fundamentals and economics of the process, and of the use of the gas.

  8. Caracterização da saúde bucal de idosos em uma instituição beneficente de longa permanência de João Pessoa-PB, Brasil Caracterización de la salud bucal de ancianos residentes en una institución benéfica de João Pessoa-PB, Brasil Characterization of the buccal health of elderly in an beneficent institution of the long stay of João Pessoa-PB, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabella Lima Arrais Ribeiro

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: a população idosa está crescendo em números proporcionais se tornando necessário maior cuidado de sua saúde. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever a situação epidemiológica do estado de saúde bucal dos idosos na cidade de João Pessoa - PB, Brasil. Métodos: foram analisados 55 idosos em longa permanência na instituição da cidade de João Pessoa. Os idosos foram interrogados sobre o quotidiano e hábitos pessoais e logo foram validadas as condições bucais por um especialista. A avaliação insere a condição dos dentes e a necessidade e o uso da prótese dentária. Foram coletados os dados em um formulário e analisados no SPSS(Chis quadrado ou exato do Fisher. Resultados: se verificou que 16 (29,0 % das pessoas têm 60-70 anos e 39 (71,0 % mais de 70 anos de idade. Estimativas do sexo evidenciaram que 43 (78,2 % são mulheres e 12 (21,8 % são homens. Os idosos reportaram ter marcado a última visita ao dentista ao menos um mês 2 (3,7 %, nos últimos 6 meses 4 (7,3 % e mais de um ano 49 (89,0 %. A prevaência de edentulismo foi de 35 (63,6 %. Outros têm uma média de 6,1 dentes por indivíduo. O uso de prótese geral removível se observou em 40,0 % dos idosos e de prótese parcial removível em 9,1 %. Um total de 78 % dos idosos presissam de algum tipo de prótese dentária. Conclusões: os idosos tratados ficam carentes de atenção odontológica, necessitando reabilitação protética.Introducción: la población de ancianos está creciendo en números proporcionales, por lo que es necesario mayor cuidado de su salud. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la situación epidemiológica del estado de salud oral de los ancianos en la ciudad de João Pessoa - PB, Brasil. Métodos: se analizaron un total de 55 ancianos en una larga estancia, en la institución de la ciudad de João Pessoa. Los ancianos fueron interrogados acerca de información personal, los hábitos personales y a continuación, se llevó a

  9. Insegurança Alimentar e estado nutricional de crianças de São João do Tigre, no semi-árido do Nordeste Food insecurity and nutritional status of children of São João do Tigre, semi-arid area of Northeast Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Souza Oliveira

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar o estado nutricional de menores de cinco anos e sua relação com a situação de (insegurança alimentar. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal de 458 famílias, com 558 menores de 5 anos, realizado no município de São João do Tigre. A avaliação da (insegurança alimentar foi realizada mediante aplicação da Escala Brasileira de Insegurança Alimentar (EBIA. A categorização do estado nutricional foi feita a partir dos indicadores estatura/idade, peso/idade e índice de massa corporal (IMC, utilizando-se as curvas da Organização Mundial da Saúde. Também foram analisadas as associações com os indicadores socioeconômicos e biológicos da criança sobre o índice estatura/idade. RESULTADOS: A segurança alimentar foi caracterizada em torno de 13% das famílias, prevalecendo nas demais a condição de insegurança alimentar, sendo a forma moderada a predominante (40,2%. Encontrou-se uma frequência mais baixa do que o normalmente esperado de desnutrição pelo IMC (1,2% e 1,3%, respectivamente, para as áreas rural e urbana, com resultados bem mais elevados ao se considerar o índice estatura/idade (16,8% e 12,9%. A análise de regressão linear multivariada revelou que apenas duas variáveis (renda familiar per capita e escolaridade materna influenciaram significativamente o índice estatura/idade. CONCLUSÃO: Em população de elevado grau de pobreza, baixo Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano e prevalência quase generalizada de insegurança alimentar, o uso exclusivo de indicadores antropométricos pode revelar uma situação aparentemente bem mais favorável. Portanto, os resultados não podem ser interpretados apenas no campo da validade interna, mas no interior de um processo de rápidas mudanças que caracterizam a transição nutricional em curso, atingindo inclusive as populações de condições de vida excepcionalmente desfavoráveis.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the nutritional status of children under five years of age

  10. Coscinodiscophyceae, Fragilariophyceae e Bacillariophyceae (Achnanthales dos rios Ivaí, São João e dos Patos, bacia hidrográfica do rio Ivaí, município de Prudentópolis, PR, Brasil Coscinodiscophyceae, Fragilariophyceae and Bacillariophyceae (Achnanthales of the Ivaí, São João and Patos rivers in the Ivaí basin, Prudentópolis, Paraná State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Ferrari

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Realizou-se o levantamento florístico das Coscinodiscophyceae, Fragilariophyceae e Bacillariophyceae (Achnanthales dos rios Ivaí, São João e dos Patos, pertencentes à bacia hidrográfica do rio Ivaí, município de Prudentópolis, Paraná. Quarenta e uma amostras foram coletadas em março, junho e julho/2002 e janeiro/2003, e analisadas. As coletas fitoplanctônicas foram feitas através de arrasto superficial com rede de plâncton (25 µm e as perifíticas através da coleta de porções submersas de macrófitas aquáticas, rochas, cascalho, sedimento ou substrato arenoso. Foram identificados, nove táxons pertencentes à classe Coscinodiscophyceae, oito à classe Fragilariophyceae e quinze à ordem Achnanthales (Bacillariophyceae. Thalassiosira weissflogii (Grunow Fryxell & Hasle, Achnanthidium sp., Planothidium biporomum (Hohn & Hellerman Lange-Bertalot e Cocconeis placentula var. pseudolineata Geitler consistiram em novas citações para o estado do Paraná.A floristic study of Coscinodiscophyceae, Fragilariophyceae and Bacillariophyceae (Achnanthales in the Ivaí, São João and Patos rivers from the upper Ivaí river basin, located at Prudentópolis, Paraná State, Brazil is presented. Forty-one samples were collected in March, June and July/2002 and January/2003, and analysed. Phytoplankton samples were collected with a plankton net (25 µm mesh; periphyton was collected by removing the attached material from submerged portions of aquatic macrophytes, rocks, sediment or the sandy substratum. Nine species of the class Coscinodiscophyceae, eight of the class Fragilariophyceae and fourteen of the order Achnanthales were identified. Thalassiosira weissflogii (Grunow Fryxell & Hasle, Achnanthidium sp., Planothidium biporomum (Hohn & Hellerman Lange-Bertalot and Cocconeis placentula var. pseudolineata Geitler were new diatom records for Paraná State.

  11. Anníbal marques da costa e a "matemática em versos e prosas": histórias da matemática na são joão del-rei do início do século XX Anníbal Marques da Costa and the "Matemática em versos e prosas": histories of mathematics in Sao João del-Rei in the early twentieth century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romélia Mara Alves Souto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo, apresentamos os resultados de um estudo analítico-descritivo que realizamos da obra "Matemática em versos e prosas", de Anníbal Marques da Costa, encontrada no acervo do Clube Teatral Artur Azevedo, na Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei (UFSJ, em Minas Gerais. A obra é um manuscrito, em dois volumes, produzida entre 1942 e 1954, que, com explícita intenção de divulgação da matemática, embora nunca tenha sido impressa, trata de conceitos e propriedades da matemática elementar. A investigação possibilitou-nos elaborar uma descrição seguida de uma análise histórica e crítica do texto, que foi enriquecida pelo acréscimo de algumas informações sobre o autor e a época em que ele viveu.This paper presents the results of an analytical-descriptive study of the book "Matemática em versos e prosas" by Anníbal Marques da Costa, found in Clube Teatral Artur Azevedo, archives from the Universidade Federal de São João del-Rei (UFSJ, in Minas Gerais. The book has never been published and is a manuscript in two volumes produced between 1942 and 1954 aiming to promote Mathematics. It deals with the concepts and properties of elementary mathematics. The research enabled the development of a description and a historical and critical analysis of the text, enriched by some information about the author and the time he lived.

  12. Gas chromatography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cram, S.P.; Risby, T.H.; Field, L.R.; Yu, W.L.

    1980-01-01

    In addition to the published literature for the years 1978 - 79, this review of developments in the field of gas chromatography includes earlier articles of particular significance appearing in foreign journals and the patent literature which was not available at the time of the previous review. The articles cited were selected as presenting the most fundamental developments in theory, methodology, and instrumentation. Some applications are cited if they reflect an advance in the state-of-the-art or have particular relevance to new developments. 1149 references are cited

  13. Natural gas marketing II

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1988-01-01

    This book covers all aspects of gas marketing, from the basic regulatory structure to the latest developments in negotiating agreements and locating markets. Topics include: Federal regulation of the gas industry; Fundamentals of gas marketing contracts; FERC actions encouraging competitive markets; Marketing conditions from the pipelines' perspective; State non-utility regulation of natural gas production, transportation, and marketing; Natural gas wellhead agreements and tariffs; Natural gas processing agreements; Effective management of producer's natural gas contracts; Producer-pipeline litigation; Natural gas purchasing from the perspective of industrial gas users; Gas marketing by co-owners: problems of disproportionate sales, gas balancing, and accounting to royalty owners; Alternatives and new directions in marketing

  14. Oils; gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Day, D T

    1922-09-18

    Oils and gas are obtained from shale or oil-bearing sand by immersing the shale in and passing it through a bath of liquid oil, cracking the oil-soaked shale, and condensing the vapor and using the condensate to replenish the bath, preferably by passing the gases and vapors direct into the oil-bath container. Shale is fed continuously from a hopper to a bath of oil in an inclined chamber, is carried to the outlet by a conveyer, and through cracking tubes to an outlet pipe by conveyers. The gases and vapors escape by the pipe, a part condensing in the chamber and a run-back pipe and replenishing the bath, and the remainder passing through a condensing tower and condenser connected to reservoirs; the gas is further passed through a scrubber and a pipe to the burner of the retort. The oil condensed in the chamber overflows to the reservoir through a pipe provided with an open pipe to prevent siphoning. The conveyers and a valve on the pipe are operated by gearing. The operation may be conducted at reduced, normal, or increased pressure, e.g., 70 lbs. The temperature of the retort should be about 900 to 1400/sup 0/F, that of the inside of the tubes about 550 to 700/sup 0/F, and that of the chamber about 300/sup 0/F. The chamber and pipe may be insulated or artificially cooled.

  15. A colecção fotográfica "Inventário da Azulejaria Portuguesa" de João Miguel Santos Simões (1960-1968: objecto artístico, documento e memória The Photography Collection "Inventário da Azulejaria Portuguesa", by João Miguel Santos Simões (1960-1968: artistic object, document and memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Alexandra Trindade Gago da Câmara

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O "Inventário da Azulejaria Portuguesa" é um conjunto de espécies fotográficas coladas em cartão. Composta por 5028 documentos fotográficos ( a p& b e a cores, esta colecção faz parte de um projecto mais abrangente e ambicioso proposto pelo estudioso da Azulejaria Portuguesa João Miguel Santos Simões (1907-1972 à Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian em Lisboa no ano de 1958, de que resultaram a criação da Brigada de Estudos da Azulejaria e o Corpus da Azulejaria Portuguesa que a Fundação Calouste Gulbenkian editou entre 1963 e 1970. Cobrindo um vastíssimo território geográfico continental e atlântico, este espólio fotográfico - desde 2005 digitalizado e disponível online a partir da pesquisa do catálogo da Biblioteca de Arte da FGC - reverte-se de um importante interesse como documento histórico no estudo e levantamento do Património em Azulejo ainda existente e parte desaparecido. O propósito deste texto é apresentar e validar a importância enquanto memória documental desta mesma colecção, no âmbito de uma estrutura de organização mais vasta, como foi o rastreio sistemático e a recolha de elementos informativos e actualizados no tempo sobre a azulejaria portuguesa."Inventário da Azulejaria Portuguesa" is a collection of photographs pasted onto cardboard. Comprising 5028 photographic documents (in colour and black and white, the collection is part of a broader, more ambitious project proposed by Portuguese tile researcher João Miguel Santos Simões (1807-1972 to the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation in 1958, a project that resulted in the publication of Brigada de Estudos da Azulejaria and Corpus da Azulejaria Portuguesa by the Foundation between 1963 and 1970. Covering a vast continental and Atlantic geographic territory, these photographic spoils - digitalized in 2005 and available online through the catalogue of the CGF's Art Library - constitute an important historical document for the study and inventorying of

  16. Gas, gas, gas... discoveries and developments booming worldwide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maxwell, F.

    2000-01-01

    Deep water exploration is yielding more than billion barrel oil fields. Unocal's 3 May discovery of 2-3 Tcf of gas in its Kutei block of Indonesia marks the first major discovery of natural gas in the deep water frontier: Wildcats Gula and Gada were drilled in over 1800 m of water as part of an aggressive search for gas instigated by Unocal last year. The author makes a survey of gas exploration and development throughout the world. (author)

  17. Preservação do Patrimônio Arquitetônico e Urbano em São João Del Rei, Brasil: apontamentos sobre a atuação do Conselho Municipal de Preservação do Patrimônio Cultural .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Abritta Cota

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo busca refletir sobre a gestão do patrimônio arquitetônico e urbano em São João Del Rei, MG – Brasil, a partir das práticas empreendidas pelo Conselho Municipal de Preservação do Patrimônio Cultural (CMPPC, considerando a sua efetiva atuação no âmbito municipal. Inicialmente será apresentada uma reflexão teórico-conceitual sobre os condicionantes para intervenções urbanas em contextos com significativo patrimônio cultural, seguida da evolução da política patrimonial no Brasil. Posteriormente será dada ênfase ao estudo de caso de São João Del Rei.

  18. A Influência dos Projetos Municipais Voltados ao Desenvolvimento do Turismo e das Atividades Produtivas Familiares e Comerciais na Comunidade de São João do Lago do Tupé no Município de Manaus, Estado do Amazonas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Delfino maia da Silva

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to build the capacity to observe and reflect on the way in which projects are carried out by the administration of the city of Manaus as they pertain to the community of São João Lago do Tupé, in the Tupé Sustainable Development Reserve (REDES, and how they influence positively or negatively family business endeavors, as well as how they influence commerce and tourism. In October of (2005 field work was conducted in the community of São João Lago do Tupé which included a survey soliciting responses of local residents on socio-demographic, economic, and tourism aspects. 43,33% of interviewed described trash and pollution consequences of tourism.

  19. Da Casa de Detenção à Colônia Penal “Doutor João Chaves”: o processo de afastamento da prisão em relação ao espaço urbano da cidade de Natal (1940-1975)

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Aldenise Regina Lira da

    2015-01-01

    Em 1970, foi desativada a Casa de Detenção de Natal, localizada no bairro de Petrópolis, sendo substituída pela Colônia Penal “Doutor João Chaves”, situada em um ambiente de características rurais, o distrito de Igapó. Porém, o processo que levou a esse afastamento da prisão em relação ao espaço urbano de Natal havia começado três décadas antes. A fundação da Colônia Penal “Doutor João Chaves” no município de Macaíba, e posteriormente, sua transferência para Igapó, no município de Natal, envo...

  20. British Gas plans global gas unit expansion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vielvoye, R.

    1991-01-01

    This paper reports on developing a global gas business, a British Gas plc's strategy for evolving a state owned U.K. gas company to a privatized worldwide oil and gas giant. By 2000, BG's global gas business is expected to provide 20% of its revenues, compared with 40% each from its exploration and production operations and its U.K. gas business. The global gas unit (GGU) plans to meet its targets mainly through acquiring holdings in gas transmission and distribution companies around the world. In the 12 months since GGU was established, it has made two such major acquisitions in this area. BG acquired Consumers Gas Co., Ltd., Ontario, Canada's biggest natural gas distribution company, for $943.5 million. It also took a 10% stake in Catalana de Gas SA, Barcelona, the largest privately owned gas utility in Spain and in terms of number of customers, the fourth largest in western Europe. BG also is targeting additional revenues from developing gas fired cogeneration systems in developing countries with gas reserves but no established transmission and distribution systems

  1. Brazilian medicinal plants used by the Dr. João Ferreyra da Rosa according to his “Treatise on Pestilence in Pernambuco” at the end of the 17th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Érika Alves Tavares Marques

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available João Ferreyra da Rosa’s “Treatise on Pestilence in Pernambuco”, published in 1694 was the first document on yellow fever, its symptoms and treatment, and it described the phytomedicines used at the time. Rosa described a hundred medicinal plants used to treat the epidemic; most of them came already prepared from Europe, since the majority of Portuguese physicians rejected the indigenous therapeutic knowledge. However, later, due to the lenght and adverse conditions of maritime trevel, leading to losses in the effectiveness of the active ingredients of such phytotherapeutic products, doctors were obliged to employ native medicinal plants in their treatments. The Brazilian medicinal plants used in the treatment of the first epidemic of yellow fever in Brazil (17th century had been brought up to date from the taxonomic point of view, and were comparable with those used in popular medicine today. As part of the phytotherapeutic treatment of yellow fever at the end of the 17th century, Rose made use of the following medicinal plants: copaíba, macela, maracujá-mirim, red aroeira, angélico and almécega.

  2. Dāvināšana kā patērēšanas kultūras iezīme. Parfimērijas iegādes ietekmējošie faktori

    OpenAIRE

    Liepiņa, Krista

    2016-01-01

    Bakalaura darba “Dāvināšana kā patērēšanas kultūras iezīme. Parfimērijas iegādes ietekmējošie faktori” mērķis ir izpētīt, kas ir patērēšana un kas ietekmē patērētāju uzvedību ikdienā, kā arī svētku laikā, lēmuma pieņemšanas procesā, izvēloties preces dāvināšanas mērķim, nevis personīgai lietošanai. Darba teorētiskajā daļā apskatītas tādu jēdzienu teorētiskie aspekti kā patērēšana un patērniecība, patērēšanas kultūra, patērētāju uzvedība, patērētāju identitāte, kā arī tiek apskatīta dāvanu dāv...

  3. Educação infantil no período militar: nuances políticas de sua implantação na Escola Estadual João Pinheiro (Ituiutaba, MG, 1964 a 1985

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Henrique de Carvalho

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por propósito apresentar e discutir a base legal que possibilitou a implantação da educação infantil no Brasil, durante o período de vigência da Ditadura Civil Militar no País (1964 a 1985. Mas para proceder tal estudo examinamos como foi esse processo de instauração da educação infantil na Escola Estadual João Pinheiro, no município de Ituiutaba (MG. Por outro lado, também é nosso objetivo discorrer sobre algumas das práticas pedagógicas desenvolvidas nas primeiras séries dessa modalidade de ensino, procurando situá-las no âmbito do comportamento social já determinado pelo próprio contexto educacional vigente à época, ou seja, configurado a partir das diretrizes política-institucionais instauradas pelo Estado Militar.

  4. Latvijas kā medicīnas tūrisma galamērķa konkurētspēju ietekmējošie faktori

    OpenAIRE

    Sidorenko, Anna

    2012-01-01

    Bakalaura darba temats ir «Latvijas kā medicīnas tūrisma galamērķa konkurētspēju ietekmējošie faktori». Ņemot vērā starptautisko pieredzi, medicīnas pakalpojumu sniegšana ārvalstniekiem var nodrošināt papildus ienākumu avotu nacionālajai ekonomikai. Bakalaura darba mērķis ir identificēt un izpētīt faktorus, kas ietekmē Latvijas kā medicīnas tūrisma galamērķa konkurētspēju un izstrādāt priekšlikumus medicīnas pakalpojumu sniedzējiem un valsts pārvaldes institūcijām ar nolūku veicināt Latvij...

  5. Determinando Padrões de Utilização de Indicadores de Desempenho: Um Estudo em Micro e Pequenas Empresas da Cidade de João Pessoa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aldo Leonardo Cunha Callado

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem o objetivo de identificar a estrutura e padrões de relações existentes entre os indicadores de desempenho utilizados pelas micro e pequenas empresas da Região Metropolitana da cidade de João Pessoa. Para a realização dessa pesquisa foram investigadas 27 empresas e analisadas 20 variáveis. O instrumento utilizado para a coleta de dados foi o questionário. Para atingir o objetivo proposto, foram utilizadas três abordagens metodológicas multivariadas complementares: a análise de agrupamentos, o escalonamento multidimensional e a análise fatorial. Os procedimentos foram realizados através do auxílio do aplicativo estatístico ESTATISTICA para Windows. Foram identificados dois principais agrupamentos. O primeiro é composto pela rotatividade dos empregados, da evolução do número de empregados e pelos investimentos em treinamento e é caracterizado por seus aspectos operacionais referentes à gestão de recursos humanos. O segundo grupo é composto pela relação direta entre a fidelidade dos clientes e a qualidade dos produtos.

  6. A descrição histórica, geográfica e etnográfica do rio Capim feita por João Barbosa Rodrigues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Ximenes

    Full Text Available Resumo Em 1871, o botânico João Barbosa Rodrigues (1842-1909 foi comissionado pelo Governo Imperial para explorar alguns rios do vale amazônico, a fim de completar a parte das palmeiras da grandiosa “Flora Brasiliensis”, de Karl Friedrich Philipp von Martius (1794-1868. Foi assim que Barbosa Rodrigues explorou o rio Capim. Os resultados dessa viagem estão no Relatório “Exploração e estudo do valle do Amazonas: rio Capim”, no qual o botânico registrou não apenas minuciosa descrição geográfica e hidrográfica deste rio, como também aspectos botânicos, zoológicos e de ocupação humana da localidade por meio de observações arqueológicas e etnográficas. O objetivo deste artigo é estabelecer como os estudos realizados por Barbosa Rodrigues no rio Capim contribuíram para a elaboração de um conhecimento científico da Amazônia paraense, construído dentro do contexto político-científico brasileiro do século XIX, dominado pelo Instituto Histórico e Geográfico Brasileiro.

  7. Opinião pública e política externa do Brasil do Império a João Goulart: um balanço historiográfico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tânia Maria Pechir Gomes Manzur

    1999-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo avalia a relação existente entre opinião pública e política externa no Brasil, desde o Império, em que se evidenciam os interesses das elites letradas enunciados no Parlamento, até a presidência de Jânio Quadros, quando se verifica o apogeu do populismo no Brasil. Procura estabelecer quais eram as correntes de opinião expressa que representavam a política externa nos diversos períodos da historiografia brasileira de relações internacionais. Pretende, também, avaliar a extensão da repercussão que teria a política internacional brasileira sobre a opinião nacional no mesmo período.The purpose of this article is to evaluate the rapport between public opinion and Brazilian foreign policy. It proposes a historiographic analysis of the period going from the country's independence to the apogee of populism under João Goulart's presidency. It also aims to determine the groups which most evidently represented public opinion in the various periods of Brazilian history of international relations, as well as the importance of their expressed points of view in relation to the foreign policy decision-making process. Also pertinent is the comprehension of the impact which international relations may have had in society in the same period.

  8. A doação da biblioteca João do Rio ao Real Gabinete Português de Leitura: aspectos de uma história pouco conhecida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano Cataldo de Azevedo

    Full Text Available Expõe resultado de investigação acerca da origem da Biblioteca de Paulo Barreto (João do Rio no Real Gabinete Português de Leitura. Como subsídios documentais, utilizamos vários documentos pouco conhecidos pela comunidade científica. A abordagem se insere no âmbito de Formação e Desenvolvimento de Coleções, uma vez que conhecer a história das coleções que compõem uma biblioteca favorece a compreensão de sua história. Objetiva oferecer elementos para estudos acerca do escritor e jornalista. Reconstrói e relata todo o processo de doação e recepção dos livros do escritor fluminense, utilizando fontes manuscritas e impressas. Apresenta amostragem de autores presentes na coleção, analisa a forma de organização do acervo e infere que a disposição adotada atualmente é a mesma privilegiada por seu primitivo possuidor.

  9. The Spanish gas industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1993-01-01

    The spanish gas industry has become one of the major actors in the gas sector of the European Economic Community. This paper pictures the spanish gas industry on the basis of a study by Sedigas, the spanish member of the International Gas Union (IGU). The main subjects described are structure of gas companies, natural gas supply, transport and storage, natural gas distribution networks, statistical data on natural gas consumption, manufactured gas and Liquefied Petroleum Gases (LPG) production-consumption in Spain. 7 figs., 10 tabs

  10. Natural gas in India

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lefevre, Thierry; Todoc, Jessie L.

    1999-11-01

    Contains Executive Summary and Chapters on: Country background; Overview of the energy sector; Natural gas supply; Natural gas infrastructure; Natural gas infrastructure; Natural gas demand; Outlook-government policy reform and industry development, and Appendices on Global and regional energy and gas trends; Overview of India's investment policy, incentives and regulation; The ENRON Dabhol power project. (Author)

  11. Natural gas trends

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anderson, A.

    1991-01-01

    This book provides data on many facets of the natural gas industry. Topics include: Canadian, Mexican; US natural gas reserves and production; Mexican and US natural gas consumption; market conditions for natural gas in the US; and Canadian natural gas exports

  12. Gas in Andean countries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Campos Pinzon, Rafael

    2000-01-01

    The paper explores aspects of gas integration among Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru. A comparison of the GDP is made, gas reserves are provided and the existent nets of gas-pipe are included in Colombia and Venezuela

  13. Coalbed gas development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1992-01-01

    This book includes: Overview of coalbed gas development; Coalbed gas development in the West Coalbed gas development on Indian lands; Multi-mineral development conflicts; Statutory solutions to ownership disputes; State and local regulation; Environmental regulations; Status of the section 29 tax credit extension; Using the section 29 credit; Leasing coalbed gas prospects; Coalbed gas joint operating agreements and Purchase and sale agreements for coalbed gas properties

  14. 75 FR 42432 - Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-21

    ... Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC, Transcontinental... abandonment of facilities by Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas... resources, fisheries, and wetlands; Cultural resources; Vegetation and wildlife; Endangered and threatened...

  15. Avaliação da densidade populacional e regeneração natural do palmito juçara (Euterpe edulis Mart. no município de São João Evangelista-MG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo do Nascimento

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi desenvolvido em uma população de E. edulis (palmito juçara em uma área de 4.5 hectares da fazenda Nova Granja de 363 hectares, em São João Evangelista, MG. Objetivou-se analisar a estrutura populacional dessa espécie em Floresta Estacional Semidecidual Montana, compreender sua dinâmica e contribuir com informações  sobre o manejo sustentado de E. edulis nesse tipo de ambiente. Os dados da população foram coletados em 10 parcelas de 10 x 15 m, alocadas em três transectos dispostos em nordeste-sudoeste, com 175 m de distância entre si. Coletaram-se dados referentes a cinco estádios de desenvolvimento (Jovem I, Jovem II, Imaturo I, Imaturo II e Adulto e avaliaram-se a densidade e a regeneração dessa população. Foi encontrado grande percentual de Jovem I. Adultos com altura de inserção foliar entre 14,3 e 18,3 m foram a classe mais frequente nessa população. A densidade populacional apresentou-se relativamente alta (0,74/m2; a população possui distribuição em “J” invertido, sendo uma população em estado natural de conservação. Palavras-chave: Palmeira juçara. “J” invertido. Arecaceae.

  16. GESTÃO DA EXPERIÊNCIA EM SERVIÇO DE HOSPITALIDADE: Análise das Avaliações de Hospedagens do Village Confort Hotel e Flat em João Pessoa / PB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Vinícius Pereira de Brito

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Nos últimos anos, o mercado hoteleiro brasileiro vem passando por importantes transformações para atender aos desejos de um consumidor bem informado e, por consequência, bem mais exigente. A busca por mais qualidade nos serviços oferecidos pelos meios de hospedagem, aliada à disseminação do uso da Internet têm contribuído para essa mudança de comportamento do consumidor que busca obter uma experiência positiva em relação à satisfação dos seus desejos e expectativas. Nesse sentido, este estudo buscou analisar a relação da experiência em serviços de hospitalidade e as diretrizes tomadas pelo Village Confort Hotel e Flat, localizado em João Pessoa- PB, a partir dos comentários (positivos e/ou negativos registrados pelos hóspedes, por meio dos mecanismos de avaliação dos serviços. A pesquisa realizada foi do tipo exploratória, descritiva de abordagem quanti-qualitativa, conduzida sob a forma de um estudo de caso. Foram coletados dados primários e secundários em sítios de compras de hospedagem na Internet e no próprio estabelecimento através de fichas avaliativas e do feedback eletrônico. Os resultados mostraram que diante da intangibilidade do produto turístico, a experiência em serviços de hospitalidade é influenciada pela maneira como os gestores direcionam ações visando solucionar problemas ou maximizar oportunidades quando tem o conhecimento das reclamações e dos elogios apresentados pelos hóspedes.

  17. Interfaces rodoviário-urbanas no processo de produção das cidades: estudo de caso do contorno rodoviário de João Pessoa, PB, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Augusto Bezerra da Cunha Castro

    Full Text Available As rodovias desempenham função importante no processo de estruturação das cidades, por facilitar os deslocamentos interurbanos. No entanto, quando absorvidas pela malha urbana de uma cidade, essas rodovias desenvolvem dinâmicas particulares com o espaço intraurbano no qual estão inseridas, com alterações na acessibilidade, na morfologia e no uso e ocupação da terra urbana. Com base nesse contexto, este artigo tem por objetivo analisar as dinâmicas entre a implantação do contorno rodoviário da BR-230 e o processo de produção do espaço intraurbano da cidade de João Pessoa-PB, entre os anos de 1963 e 2013, em termos de morfologia, uso e ocupação do solo urbano. O método empregado foi o da Lógica Evolutiva do Tecido Urbano, que divide a evolução urbana em três estágios: superação de limites, crescimento e combinação/conflitos. O método foi associado a ferramentas analíticas, como a Sintaxe Espacial e softwares de Sistema de Informação Geográfica. Os resultados mostram que a rodovia impulsionou o espraiamento da cidade para o setor sul e produziu uma malha urbana tentacular, onde também se identificou o padrão de crescimento horizontal e fragmentado, alterações na acessibilidade, uso do solo e na segregação socioespacial.

  18. Noble gas magnetic resonator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Thad Gilbert; Lancor, Brian Robert; Wyllie, Robert

    2014-04-15

    Precise measurements of a precessional rate of noble gas in a magnetic field is obtained by constraining the time averaged direction of the spins of a stimulating alkali gas to lie in a plane transverse to the magnetic field. In this way, the magnetic field of the alkali gas does not provide a net contribution to the precessional rate of the noble gas.

  19. unconventional natural gas reservoirs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Correa G, Tomas F; Osorio, Nelson; Restrepo R, Dora P

    2009-01-01

    This work is an exploration about different unconventional gas reservoirs worldwide: coal bed methane, tight gas, shale gas and gas hydrate? describing aspects such as definition, reserves, production methods, environmental issues and economics. The overview also mentioned preliminary studies about these sources in Colombia.

  20. Características populacionais de Microphrys bicornutus (Brachyura, Mithracidae no fital Halimeda opuntia (Chlorophyta, Halimedaceae, em área recifal submetida à visitação humana, em João Pessoa, Paraíba Population characteristics of Microphrys bicornutus (Brachyura, Mithracidae on the phytal Halimeda opuntia (Chlorophyta, Halimedaceae, on reef area submitted to human visitation, in João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jefferson B. Batista

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivos caracterizar e comparar a estrutura e a dinâmica populacional de Microphrys bicornutus Latreille, 1825 no fital Halimeda opuntia (Halimedaceae coletado nas formações recifais de Picãozinho (submetida à visitação turística e São Gonçalo (área controle, na costa de João Pessoa (Nordeste do Brasil, sob influência de fatores ambientais e do número de visitantes. Nas duas áreas de estudo as populações analisadas estiveram compostas por fêmeas e machos maduros e imaturos com significativa predominância de machos e de animais imaturos, freqüência de tamanho e períodos reprodutivos similares. O tamanho máximo dos exemplares, a freqüência de distribuição de tamanho e a razão sexual diferiram dos resultados obtidos para a espécie em outras latitudes e habitats. Dados de razão sexual evidenciam que independentemente do estágio de maturação, os machos apresentam predominância significativa (RS>1,0, e que a proporção de fêmeas diminui com o amadurecimento sexual. Sem sofrer influência da biomassa da alga, e da salinidade e temperatura da água, variações populacionais significativas foram associadas ao aumento de juvenis durante períodos chuvosos. A baixa densidade populacional e a maior desproporção da relação macho: fêmea em subárea de Picãozinho com maior fluxo de pessoas sugerem que estas variações podem ter sido induzidas pelo pisoteio das algas.The aim of this study was to characterize and compare the population structure and dynamic of Microphrys bicornutus Latreille, 1825 on the phytal Halimeda opuntia (Halimedaceae collected on the reef areas of Picãozinho (visited by tourists and São Gonçalo (control area, in João Pessoa coast (Northeastern of Brazil, under the influence of environmental conditions and visitant numbers. In both study areas the populations analyzed were composed similarly of mature and immature males and females, with predominance of males and

  1. Future of gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Forbes, A.; Widdershoven, C.; Nicola, S.; Cragg, C.

    2009-01-01

    Two articles and two columns in this section on the future of natural gas. In the first article attention is paid to the possibility that large natural gas producers are setting up a cartel a la OPEC. Most experts argue that the structure of gas markets makes the gas business much less amenable to cartelisation than the oil business. If that is true, why are so many people in the gas industry afraid of a gas cartel? The second article focuses on the future role of North Africa in the supply of natural gas

  2. Vancouver Island gas supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Des Brisay, C.

    2005-01-01

    Terasen Gas is pursuing alternatives for the supply of additional natural gas capacity to Vancouver Island. Its subsidiary, Terasen Gas (Vancouver Island) Inc. (TGVI), is responding to the need for delivery of increased gas supply and, is supporting plans for new gas-fired power generation on Vancouver Island. TGVI's proposal for new natural gas capacity involves a combination of compression and pipeline loops as well as the addition of a storage facility for liquefied natural gas (LNG) at Mt. Hayes to help manage price volatility. This presentation outlined the objectives and components of the resource planning process, including demand forecast scenarios and the preferred infrastructure options. tabs., figs

  3. Report on technological achievements in fiscal 1999. Institutions for research and development of new environmental industry creating type technologies (Development of harmful substance reducing device for incineration furnaces using high-efficiency power pulse technology); 1999 nendo shinki kankyo sangyo soshutsugata kenkyu kaihatsu seido seika hokokusho. Kokoritsu pulse power gijutsu wo mochiita shokyakuroyo yugai busshitsu sakugen sochi no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Development has been proceeded on a harmful substance (SOx, NOx, Dioxine, etc.) reducing device for incineration furnaces that can be installed retroactively to existing incineration facilities, using high-efficiency power pulse technology of energy saving type, and discharge in honeycomb ceramics. The developmental activities were advanced by dividing them into researches on (1) research of gas decomposing devices, (2) research of pulse plasma electric power source, and (3) research of SI thyristor for pulse. In the research (1), a pulse plasma experiment and a gas decomposing experiment were performed. In the former experiment, discussions were given on effects of discharge electrode structure on discharge in the honeycomb ceramics, wherein it was made clear that employing the mesh-comb type electrode structure can realize discharge along the ceramics surface. In the latter experiment, it was revealed that the simulated gas (dibenzofuran) can be decomposed to 90% by using a coaxial cylindrical reaction device. In the research (2), studies were performed on increasing voltage and current in the device, as well as on semiconductor driving circuits. In the research (3), studies were made on the high-quality gate zone forming method and the quality conduction zone forming method. (NEDO)

  4. Natural gas monthly

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-01-01

    The Natural Gas Monthly highlights activities, events, and analyses of interest to public and private sector organizations associated with the natural gas industry. Volume and price data are presented each month for natural gas production, distribution, consumption, and interstate pipeline activities. Producer-related activities and underground storage data are also reported. From time to time, the Natural Gas Monthly features articles designed to assist readers in using and interpreting natural gas information.

  5. Worldwide gas marketing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carson, M.M.

    1994-01-01

    Natural gas is an important source of energy throughout the world due to its availability and clean burning characteristics. From liquefied natural gas being shipped via tanker from Alaska to Japan, to natural gas via pipeline from Canada to the US, to inter-country natural gas shipment within the European continent, natural gas continues to expand and justify its place of honor in the world energy picture

  6. Wet Gas Airfoil Analyses

    OpenAIRE

    Larsen, Tarjei Thorrud

    2011-01-01

    Subsea wet gas compression renders new possibilities for cost savings and enhanced gas recovery on existing gas wells. Technology like this opens to make traditional offshore processing plants redundant. With new technology, follows new challenges. Multiphase flows is regarded as a complex field of study, and increased knowledge on the fundamental mechanisms regarding wet gas flow is of paramount importance to the efficiency and stability of the wet gas compressor. The scope of this work was ...

  7. Green gas in the natural gas network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bruinsma, B.

    2007-09-01

    The aim of this study is to map the technical, economic and organizational options and limitations of feeding biogas back into the natural gas grid by means of regional co-digestion. Emphasis is put on feeding back into the natural gas grid, analogous to a comparable situation in a number of landfill gas projects. This report first provides insight into the energetic potential of co-digestion. Next several landfill gas projects are examined that feed back into the natural gas grid. After that the political and policy-related issues and preconditions for feeding back biogas from co-digestion are discussed, including the technical and economic aspects. Finally, a picture is painted of the future potential of green gas. [mk] [nl

  8. Gas engine supplied with fermentation gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cupial, K

    1978-01-01

    A CH/sub 4/-rich fermentation gas from the waste-treatment plant at Czestochowa is used as fuel to drive the generating set composed of an electric generator and a piston diesel engine adapted to operation with the fermentation gas. The adaption involved the use of a classical car ignition installation instead of the injection pumps and injector. The gas contains approximately CH/sub 4/ 60, CO/sub 2/ 32, N 5, and H 3 volume%.

  9. Gas-on-gas competition in Shanghai

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Manuhutu, Chassty; Owen, Anthony D.

    2010-01-01

    In common with other major economic centres in China, Shanghai's energy consumption has been increasing rapidly to support the high growth rate of its economy. To achieve rational, efficient and clean use of energy, together with improved environmental quality within the city, the Shanghai municipal government has decided to expand the supply and utilization of natural gas. Shanghai plans to increase the share of natural gas in its primary energy mix to 7 per cent by 2010, up from 3 per cent in 2005. This increase in natural gas demand has to be matched with a corresponding increase in supply. To date, the Shanghai region has relied on offshore extracted natural gas but this supply is limited due to the size of the reserves. Since 2005, the West-East pipeline has provided an alternative for Shanghai but demands from other regions could reduce the potential for expanding supplies from that source. Since domestic production will not be sufficient to meet demand in the near future, Shanghai is building a liquefied natural gas (LNG) regasification terminal at the Yangshan deep-water port that would allow an additional supply of more than 3 billion cubic meters per year of natural gas. Malaysia has already committed to supply LNG to the Shanghai terminal at a price that is significantly higher than the wholesale 'city-gate' price for natural gas transported via pipeline, but still lower than the gas price to end-use consumers. The presence of both an LNG terminal and a transmission pipeline that connects Shanghai to domestic gas-producing regions will create gas-on-gas competition. This study assesses the benefits of introducing such competition to one of China's most advanced cities under various scenarios for demand growth. In this paper, the impact of imported LNG on market concentration in Shanghai's gas market will be analysed using the Herfindahl-Hirschmann index (HHI) and the residual supply index (RSI). Our results show that Shanghai remains a supply

  10. Shale gas. Shale gas formation and extraction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Renard, Francois; Artru, Philippe

    2015-10-01

    A first article recalls the origin of shale gases and technological breakthroughs which allowed their exploitation, describes the development of shale gas exploitation in the USA during the 2000's and the consequences for the gas and electricity markets, and discusses the various environmental impacts (risks of pollution of aquifers, risks of induced seismicity, use and processing of drilling and production waters). The second article describes the formation of shale gas: presence of organic matter in sediments, early evolution with the biogenic gas, burrowing, diagenesis and oil formation, thermal generation of gas (condensates and methane). The author indicates the location of gas within the rock, and the main sites of shale oils and shale gases in the World. In the next part, the author describes the various phases of shale gas extraction: exploration, oriented drillings, well preparation for hydraulic fracturing, fracturing, processing of fracturing fluids, flow-back, gas production and transport, aquifer protection. He finally gives a brief overview of technical evolution and of shale gas economy

  11. Selling gas, selling services

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Moncel, V.

    1999-01-01

    Traditionally, the commercial activities of gas companies have been limited almost exclusively to the sale of gas. However, several socioeconomic factors specific to the gas industry, such as increasing customer expectations, competition between gas operators, a growing emphasis on services in many companies and the opening of public monopolies to competition, will bring inevitable change. Moreover, these developments coincide with imminent gas market opening. In response to the changing situation, the gas industry will seek to develop a range of multi-service offers, probably through external partnerships. (authors)

  12. Iran, a gas exporter?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Therme, C.

    2008-01-01

    The development of the gas sector has not allowed, up to now, Iran to become one of the main gas actors, whether it is on the regional or international market. This under-development of the gas sector finds expression, each winter, through the Iranian incapability to satisfy its domestic demand as well as its exportation commitments to Turkey or Armenia. In this study, the author tries to examine the origins of Iranian difficulties to increase its gas production and to abide by its commitments to export gas to other countries. The possibility of gas exportation from Iran to the European Union is also discussed

  13. Exhaust gas processing facility

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Terada, Shin-ichi.

    1995-01-01

    The facility of the present invention comprises a radioactive liquid storage vessel, an exhaust gas dehumidifying device for dehumidifying gases exhausted from the vessel and an exhaust gas processing device for reducing radioactive materials in the exhaust gases. A purified gas line is disposed to the radioactive liquid storage vessel for purging exhaust gases generated from the radioactive liquid, then dehumidified and condensed liquid is recovered, and exhaust gases are discharged through an exhaust gas pipe disposed downstream of the exhaust gas processing device. With such procedures, the scale of the exhaust gas processing facility can be reduced and exhaust gases can be processed efficiently. (T.M.)

  14. Union Gas and Ontario gas production

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cameron, C.

    2001-01-01

    A step-by-step review of the tie-in process of new production wells into the Union Gas System is described. Requirements of the producer and those of Union Gas are explained. Also described are the choices available to the producer to sell his gas. He can sell either to Union Gas directly at an agreed upon price, or the producer has the option to have what is called an M13 contract which allows him to sell his gas at Dawn, where it can be stored within parameters of the contract, and sold to any buyer at Dawn at a negotiated rate. This arrangement, while entailing a much greater administrative load than direct sale to Union Gas, nevertheless, allows the producer to take advantage of market fluctuations. A third option provided by Union Gas is to make available to the producer storage space greater than the provisions of the M13 contract at current market rate, thereby opening up the opportunity to the producer to capture additional value in later winter months (when gas is in greater demand)

  15. Oil and gas. Gas supply under pressure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Forbes, A.

    2008-01-01

    The latest review of natural gas markets from the International Energy Agency (IEA) paints a picture of growing demand in the face of rising prices, a strengthening link between gas and electricity markets, and a globalising influence from increasingly flexible LNG supplies. But there are growing signs that security of supply is under threat from underinvestment, delays and cost escalation

  16. [Comparing the Application of Hema-Obs RSS to 250 Pregnancies from Obstetrics/Hematology Consultation in Centro Hospitalar São João, Portugal with the Application of Galit Sarig RSS to 90 Pregnancies from Rambam Health Care Campus, Israel].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salselas, Ana; Pestana, Inês; Bischoff, Francisco; Guimarães, Mariana; Andrade, Joaquim Aguiar

    2015-01-01

    Pregnant women with thromboembolic diseases, previous thrombotic episodes or thrombophilia family history were supervised in a multidisciplinary Obstetrics/ Hematology consultation in Centro Hospitalar São João EPE, Porto, Portugal. For the evaluation and medication of these women, a risk stratification scale was used. The aim of this study was to validate a Risk Stratification Scale and thromboprophylaxis protocol by means of comparing it with a similar scale, developed and published by Sarig. We have compared: The distribution, by risk groups, obtained through the application of the two scales on pregnant women followed at Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal, consultation; the sensibility and specificity for each one of the scales (DeLong scale, applied to Receiver Operating Characteristic) curves; the outcomes in pregnancies followed in Hospital São João, Porto, PortugalResults: According to our Hema-Obs risk stratification scale, 29% were allocated to low-risk, 47% to high-risk and 24% to very-high-risk groups. According to Galit Sarig risk stratification scale, 24% were considered low-risk, 53% moderate, 16% high-risk and 7% as very high-risk group. In our study we observed 9% of spontaneous abortions, in comparison with 18% in the Galit Sarig cohort. From the application of Receiver Operating Characteristic curve to both risk stratification scales, the results of the calculated areas were 58,8% to our Hema-Obs risk stratification scale and 38,7% to Galit Sarig risk stratification scale, with a Delong test significancie of p = 0.0006. We concluded that Hema-Obs risk stratification scale is an effective support for clinical monitoring of therapeutic strategies.

  17. Climate and nest opening orientation in Furnarius rufus (Furnariidae Clima e orientação da abertura dos ninhos de joão-de-barro, Furnarius rufus (Furnariidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franco L. Souza

    Full Text Available The Rufous Hornero (Furnarius rufus is one of the most common bird species in Brazil. Anecdotal information indicates that nest opening orientation in this species is contrary to wind or rainfall direction. To check for the existence of such a pattern, F. rufus nests were randomly sampled within an urban area in central Brazil to assess whether factors such as wind and vegetation cover influence nest opening orientation. Using circular statistics, no evidence was found that nest-opening orientation was important for the species. These results refuse the expected pattern for tree hollow or enclosed nests. The results suggest that factors such as nesting architecture, nest material, nest microclimate or a combination of these, instead of local climate, must be conditioning nesting behavior in this species.O joão-de-barro (Furnarius rufus é uma das espécies de aves mais comuns do Brasil. Informações sugerem que a orientação da abertura dos ninhos desse furnarídeo seria direcionada em posição contrária das direções de incidência dos ventos e das chuvas. Para averiguar tal padrão de nidificação, ninhos de F. rufus foram aleatoriamente amostrados em uma área urbana da região Centro-Oeste do Brasil para verificar se fatores como vento e cobertura vegetal exerciam influência sobre a orientação de suas aberturas. Testes envolvendo estatística circular revelaram que a abertura dos ninhos refletiu um padrão aleatório de orientação, algo não esperado para aquelas espécies que nidificam em ocos de árvores ou que constroem seus ninhos de maneira a proteger a câmara de incubação. Ao invés do clima da região, os resultados sugerem que a arquitetura e o material de construção do ninho, o microclima dentro do ninho ou uma combinação desses fatores possam estar condicionando o comportamento de nidificação dessa espécie.

  18. Centrifugal gas separator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sakurai, M

    1970-03-27

    A centrifugal gas separator of a highly endurable construction and with improved gas sealing qualities utilizes a cylincrical elastic bellows or similar system in cooperation with a system of dynamic pressure operable gas seals as means for removing separated gases from the interior of the rotor drum, collecting the separated gases in their respective separated gas chambers defined by the corresponding bellows and their supporting stationary wall members, gas seals and rotor end caps, and means for discharging to the exterior of the surrounding cylindrical wall member the gaseous components from their respective separated gas chambers. In the vicinity of the rotary drum motor is a mixed gas chamber and means for providing the gas mixture along a co-axial passage into the rotary drum chamber. Orifices are bored into the end caps of the rotary drum to direct the separated gases into the aforementioned separated gas chambers which, through the action of the gas seals, freely slide upon the rotating drum to collect and thereafter discharge the thus separated gases. Therefore, according to the present invention, helium gas used to prevent separated gas remixture is unnecessary and, furthermore, the gas seals and elastic bellows means provide an air-tight seal superior to that of the contact sealing system of the former art.

  19. Centrifugal gas separator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sakurai, Mitsuo.

    1970-01-01

    A centrifugal gas separator of a highly endurable construction and with improved gas sealing qualities utilizes a cylincrical elastic bellows or similar system in cooperation with a system of dynamic pressure operable gas seals as means for removing separated gases from the interior of the rotor drum, collecting the separated gases in their respective separated gas chambers defined by the corresponding bellows and their supporting stationary wall members, gas seals and rotor end caps, and means for discharging to the exterior of the surrounding cylindrical wall member the gaseous components from their respective separated gas chambers. In the vicinity of the rotary drum motor is a mixed gas chamber and means for providing the gas mixture along a co-axial passage into the rotary drum chamber. Orifices are bored into the end caps of the rotary drum to direct the separated gases into the aforementioned separated gas chambers which, through the action of the gas seals, freely slide upon the rotating drum to collect and thereafter discharge the thus separated gases. Therefore, according to the present invention, helium gas used to prevent separated gas remixture is unnecessary and, furthermore, the gas seals and elastic bellows means provide an air-tight seal superior to that of the contact sealing system of the former art. (K.J. Owens)

  20. Gas hydrate in nature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruppel, Carolyn D.

    2018-01-17

    Gas hydrate is a naturally occurring, ice-like substance that forms when water and gas combine under high pressure and at moderate temperatures. Methane is the most common gas present in gas hydrate, although other gases may also be included in hydrate structures, particularly in areas close to conventional oil and gas reservoirs. Gas hydrate is widespread in ocean-bottom sediments at water depths greater than 300–500 meters (m; 984–1,640 feet [ft]) and is also present in areas with permanently frozen ground (permafrost). Several countries are evaluating gas hydrate as a possible energy resource in deepwater or permafrost settings. Gas hydrate is also under investigation to determine how environmental change may affect these deposits.

  1. Fiber optic gas sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Peng (Inventor); Buric, Michael P. (Inventor); Swinehart, Philip R. (Inventor); Maklad, Mokhtar S. (Inventor)

    2010-01-01

    A gas sensor includes an in-fiber resonant wavelength device provided in a fiber core at a first location. The fiber propagates a sensing light and a power light. A layer of a material is attached to the fiber at the first location. The material is able to absorb the gas at a temperature dependent gas absorption rate. The power light is used to heat the material and increases the gas absorption rate, thereby increasing sensor performance, especially at low temperatures. Further, a method is described of flash heating the gas sensor to absorb more of the gas, allowing the sensor to cool, thereby locking in the gas content of the sensor material, and taking the difference between the starting and ending resonant wavelengths as an indication of the concentration of the gas in the ambient atmosphere.

  2. Natural Gas STAR Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    EPA’s Voluntary Methane Programs encourage oil and natural gas companies to adopt cost-effective technologies and practices that improve operational efficiency and reduce emissions of methane, a potent greenhouse gas.

  3. Environment, gas and city

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1994-01-01

    Here are given all the advantages of natural gas among the others energies sources to avoid air pollution in cities. Pollution, energy economy, energy control are actions of environmental policy of natural gas industry in France

  4. Sulphur hexafluoride gas detection

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Stolper, R

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available This poster describes the development process of an electro-optical based solution for detecting and locating SF6 gas leaks at gas insulated switch gear. The principal technologies that were researched are explained with their advantages...

  5. Gas phase ion chemistry

    CERN Document Server

    Bowers, Michael T

    1979-01-01

    Gas Phase Ion Chemistry, Volume 2 covers the advances in gas phase ion chemistry. The book discusses the stabilities of positive ions from equilibrium gas-phase basicity measurements; the experimental methods used to determine molecular electron affinities, specifically photoelectron spectroscopy, photodetachment spectroscopy, charge transfer, and collisional ionization; and the gas-phase acidity scale. The text also describes the basis of the technique of chemical ionization mass spectrometry; the energetics and mechanisms of unimolecular reactions of positive ions; and the photodissociation

  6. Gas transfer system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oberlin, J.C.; Frick, G.; Kempfer, C.; North, C.

    1988-09-01

    The state of work on the Vivitron gas transfer system and the system functions are summarized. The system has to: evacuate the Vivitron reservoir; transfer gas from storage tanks to the Vivitron; recirculate gas during operation; transfer gas from the Vivitron to storage tanks; and assure air input. The system is now being installed. Leak alarms are given by SF6 detectors, which set off a system of forced ventilation. Another system continuously monitors the amount of SF6 in the tanks [fr

  7. The gas menace

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roberts, Richard.

    1994-01-01

    The NSW Southern Coalfield at Bulli is Australia's most gas plagued producing region. Whilst gas drainage using long boreholes has been successfully adapted in high methane areas, these techniques are not efficient when high levels of carbon dioxide are present, as is the case at Bulli NSW. This article discusses the limitations of the current gas drainage technologies and the improvements needed in underground drilling technologies and hydrofacing for efficient gas drainage. 1 table, 1 photo

  8. Natural gas annual 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-11-01

    The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. The 1995 data are presented in a sequence that follows natural gas (including supplemental supplies) from its production to its end use. This is followed by tables summarizing natural gas supply and disposition from 1991 to 1995 for each Census Division and each State. Annual historical data are shown at the national level

  9. Natural gas annual 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-01-01

    The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. The 1993 data are presented in a sequence that follows natural gas (including supplemental supplies) from its production to its end use. Tables summarizing natural gas supply and disposition from 1989 to 1993 are given for each Census Division and each State. Annual historical data are shown at the national level

  10. Natural gas annual 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1992-01-01

    The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. The 1991 data are presented in a sequence that follows natural gas (including supplemental supplies) from its production to its end use. Tables summarizing natural gas supply and disposition form 1987 to 1991 are given for each Census Division and each State. Annual historical data are shown at the national level

  11. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. Measurement of ultra-micro chemical substances and measuring methods of hormone effects; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Chobiryo kagaku busshitsu no keisoku horumon eikyo sayo sokuteiho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Concerning the measurement system of ultra-micro hazardous chemical substances in the global environment, the paper examined the present situation of chemical substances such as dioxins, made an experimental study on the method to analyze dioxins in exhaust gas from an aspect of international consistency, and worked out a JIS draft. As to the standard measuring method of hormone effects of chemical substances, the paper developed the competitive bonding experiment system to measure bonding ability of chemical substances to homo sapiens estrogen receptor (ER). By measuring ER bonding ability of 78 kinds of chemical substances, the measuring method was developed. In the development of the assay system for detection of hormone-like compounds, the assay system with transfer activity via estrogen receptor as an index was established using cultured cells and yeast. Further, the development was made of a measuring method of receptor bonding activity of hormone-like substances. 33 refs., 151 figs., 66 tabs.

  12. Natural gas for vehicles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prieur, A.

    2006-01-01

    Following a decade-long upsurge in the use of natural gas in the energy sector (heating and especially electricity), new outlets for natural gas are being developed in the transport sector. For countries endowed with substantial local resources, development in this sector can help reduce oil dependence. In addition, natural gas is often used to reduce pollution, particularly in cities

  13. Oil and gas USSR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1992-01-01

    This book is a directory of enterprises under the Ministry of Oil and Gas Industry of the former USSR and is published for winter 1991 through spring 1992. It contains names and addresses for associations, institutes, design and engineering offices, oil and gas drilling administrations, and gas processing plants

  14. Water into gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Woodord, Julian.

    1997-01-01

    This article examines the move by water utilities into the gas market and potentially into the electricity supply market. Operation by Dee Valley Holdings, York Waterworks, York Gas, and North Wales Gas are reported, and investment, use of mail campaigns and telemarketing to secure customers, and the opportunities offered by diversification are considered. (UK)

  15. Gas conference Paris 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2013-01-01

    This special issue of Gaz d'Aujourd'hui journal contains the proceedings of the 2013 edition of the annual French gas conference. These proceedings comprise 7 talks, 5 round-tables and 9 workshops: 1 - Opening talk (H. Malherbe); 2 - Defending the natural gas position in the energy mix (G. Mestralet); 3 - The new youth of natural gas (P. Sauquet); 4 - Round-table No.1: the natural gas market perspectives; 5 - Round-table No.2: natural gas in France's energy transition; 6 - Answering the energy transition challenges (B. Lescoeur); 7 - Round-table No.3: towards an integrated European market in 2014?; 8 - Building up the European gas market (P. de Ladoucette); 9 - Workshop No.1: the big client's strategies in the gas market; 10 - Workshop No.2: the fuel gas perspectives in terrestrial mobility; 11 - Workshop No.3: gas innovations; 12 - The 2030 and 2050 strategy of the European Union policy (B. Devlin); 13 - Round-table No.4: Decentralized production and local development; 14 - Workshop No.4: Gas and maritime transport; 15 - Workshop No.5: bio-methane, vector of the energy transition; 16 - Workshop No.6: Evolution of the storage activity; 17 - Workshop No.7: Dwellings renovation and natural gas development; 18 - Workshop No.8: Is the target model of gas a reality?; 19 - Workshop No.9: Non-conventional gases in the world; 20 - Round-table No.5: Actors' strategy; 21 - Closing talk (J. Ferrier)

  16. Demonstrating the Gas Laws.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holko, David A.

    1982-01-01

    Presents a complete computer program demonstrating the relationship between volume/pressure for Boyle's Law, volume/temperature for Charles' Law, and volume/moles of gas for Avagadro's Law. The programing reinforces students' application of gas laws and equates a simulated moving piston to theoretical values derived using the ideal gas law.…

  17. Natural gas annual 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-01-01

    The Natural Gas Annual 1991 provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers Federal and State agencies, and education institutions. This report, the Natural Gas Annual 1991 Supplement: Company Profiles, presents a detailed profile of selected companies

  18. NREL + Southern California Gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berdahl, Sonja E [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2017-10-09

    NREL and Southern California Gas Company are evaluating a new 'power-to-gas' approach - one that produces methane through a biological pathway and uses the expansive natural gas infrastructure to store it. This approach has the potential to change how the power industry approaches renewable generation and energy storage.

  19. Gas development plan - Lithuania

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1993-10-01

    A detailed description of the plan for the development of gas utilization in Lithuania is presented. The plan is subdivided under the headings of gas supply, gas demand, gas transmission and distribution, economy and the organization of the gas sector in the country. The first phase of the project has been undertaken by a Danish firm in cooperation with the Lithuanian firm Lietuvos Dujos. The first aim was to clarify the problems that will arise in connection with this joint venture on developing the use of gas in Lithuania, focusing on existing gas supply and market conditions, the current flow control and metering and economic constraints. The organization of the gas sector in the country as it stands today is described and possible models for its future organization are discussed in addition to a strategy of implementation. Possible development trends are outlined and maximum/minimum demand scenarios are suggested. Subjects and areas related to the gas sector in Lithuania are identified for further investigation in the next phase. It is stated that Lithuania is at present undergoing a fast transformation towards a market economy and that the transfer of foreign currency has been liberalized. Only the pipeline from Minsk to Vilnius is open at present and provides the total supply of natural gas to Lithuania and Kalingrad, controlled by the Russian gas company, Lentransgas, on the basis of a gas purchase agreement regulated on a yearly basis. Other possible supply sources are the Danish part of the North Sea and the Norwegian offshore fields. (AB)

  20. Radioactive krypton gas separation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martin, J.R.

    1976-01-01

    Radioactive krypton is separated from a gas mixture comprising nitrogen and traces of carbon dioxide and radioactive krypton by selective adsorption and then cryogenic distillation of the prepurified gas against nitrogen liquid to produce krypton bottoms concentrate liquid, using the nitrogen gas from the distillation for two step purging of the adsorbent. 16 Claims, 8 Drawing Figures

  1. NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION

    OpenAIRE

    Stanis³aw Brzeziñski

    2007-01-01

    In the paper, Author presents chosen aspects of natural gas transportation within global market. Natural gas transportation is a technicaly complicated and economicly expensive process; in infrastructure construction and activities costs. The paper also considers last and proposed initiatives in natural gas transportation.

  2. Análise das variações climáticas na ocorrência de doenças respiratórias por influenza em idosos na região metropolitana de João Pessoa – PB / Analysis of climatic variations in the occurrence of Respiratory diseases by influenza in elderly people in the metropolitan region of João Pessoa – PB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jullianna Vitorio Vieira de Azevedo

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos das variações sazonais do clima na ocorrência de internações por doenças respiratórias por Influenza e Pneumonia (PI na população idosa da Região Metropolitana de João Pessoa (RMJP no Estado da Paraíba. Para isso, foram usados modelos lineares generalizados a partir da regressão linear de Poisson para relacionar a variável dependente configurada como os registros de internações por causas associadas à influenza e as variáveis independentes (precipitação pluvial, temperatura média do ar e umidade relativa do ar, para análise das relações instituídas pela modelagem foi aplicado o teste de variância ANOVA com nível de significância de 0,05 de probabilidade para determinar que variáveis independentes eram mais significativas na modelagem. Também foram analisados os resíduos gerados pelo ajuste dos modelos no intuito de identificar a distribuição que melhor se ajustasse aos dados. Toda análise estática foi realizada no software R. De forma geral verificou-se que os maiores picos de internações por PI ocorrem no outono e inverno. Portanto, esses resultados sugerem uma associação entre o frio e as internações por PI. A modelagem estatística se apresentou satisfatória para análise dos casos de internações por PI, no entanto, é necessário o aprofundamento dessas análises temporais, visto que o problema de internações é multicausal e não, necessariamente, consequência somente de alterações climáticas.

  3. Gas assessment and perspectives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrier, Jerome; Bouchard, Georges; Al-Saffar, Ali; ); Bros, Thierry; Khayat, Armand; Leger, Sebastien; Nyouki, Evariste; Jamme, Dominique; Remont, Sophie; Delamare, Monique; Hureau, Geoffroy; Poillion, Christophe; Noilhan, Fabrice; Lafon, Madeleine; Lagumina, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    This document reports the content of contributions and debates of the 'Gas assessment and perspectives' convention organised by the AFG (the French Gas Association) in March 2015. After an introduction speech, a contributor proposed a comment of the 'World energy outlook 2014' (discussion of factors related to demand and to supply, pressures related to climate change). A round table discussed the context and overview of the gas market, and more precisely addressed the evolution of the gas European market on the short term (demand, storage, production, imports, LNG market), the gas demand for electricity production (the electricity European market, impact on gas, European perspectives, the gas market, three scenarios of evolution of gas demand, World perspectives), the European gas demand on the medium term (the control of gas price in Europe, the final decline of gas, the assessment of the European energy policy, the divorce between Russia and Europe), the recent trends and perspectives for the LNG market (price evolution, a still comfortable market, LNG back in Europe, demand and supply, LNG in the global energy mix), and an assessment of the French gas market by the CRE (the French Commission on Energy Regulation). A second round table addressed the security of gas supply: status and perspectives for the European gas supply, stress tests and measures on the short term to improve supply security, role of the State in the security of gas supply, storage as a key tool for the security of supply, development of new policy for security of supplies. The last speech stated the point of view of a GrDF manager

  4. Rural Gas Program manual

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1987-11-01

    The intent and purpose of this manual is to describe the various guideliness and administrative procedures associated with the Alberta Rural Gas Program and to consolidate and expand upon the legislation under which the Program has been developed. It is intended primarily for the use and information of rural gas distributors, their agents, and other private or government parties having an interest in the Rural Gas Program. Information is presented on: rural gas franchises, technical applications, contracts and tenders, determination of system capital costs for grant support, grants, Gas Alberta brokerage arrangements, insurance coverage, utility rights-of-way, and lien notes.

  5. Gas trade and investments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chabrelie, M.F.

    2000-01-01

    The WOC 9 workshop of the CMG 2000 world gas congress was devoted to gas projects and economics. One round table chaired by G. Bouchard (Gaz de France) and T.H. Thorn (Enron) was devoted to the commercial and financial challenges the gas industry will have to face in the context of inter-region markets and investments. This article summarizes the discussion that took place during this round table: towards a progressive un-partitioning of regional markets, the strategic changes in the European gas market, the LNG industry: new actors and new markets, the gas producers at the crossroads. (J.S.)

  6. Landfill gas: development guidelines

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-11-01

    A Guide produced as part of the UK DTI's New and Renewable Energy Programme provides information which forms a framework enabling landfill gas to be exploited fully as a renewable energy resource. The eight chapters cover the resource base of landfill gas in the UK in the wider context, the technology for energy recovery from landfill gas, the utilisation options for landfill gas, the various project development arrangements and their implementation, the assessment of a site's landfill gas resource, the factors which influence the project economies, financing aspects and the management of project liabilities and finally the national waste disposal policy and required consents followed by the overall process for project mobilisation. (UK)

  7. The Gas Congress

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-01-01

    This document is published before a congress which will address the struggle against climate change, the security of the gas supply chain, the responses of energy groups to environmental and economic challenges, the opening of the gas market, the European energy policy, the future role of gas in the third industrial revolution, and the security of gas supplies. After an introduction briefly discussing these issues and the impacts of the French 'Grenelle de l'Environnement' and the struggle against climate change for gas production and consumption, several interviews are proposed with actors belonging to the AFG (Association Francaise du Gaz), ADEME, European Commission, Total, GDF Suez, other professional bodies, or local communities

  8. Gas: the great depression?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mary, Olivier

    2013-01-01

    This article describes the worrying situation of gas industry: thermal plants are being closed one after the other because of the concurrence of renewable energies and of consumption decrease. European gas industries outline that gas plants could be used for back-up production in case of consumption peaks, and criticize subsidies awarded to renewable energies. Several factors impact this situation: decrease of gross prices, decrease of energy consumption due to a better energy efficiency, development of shale gas production in the USA and in Canada, revival of coal plants (coal is now competitive with respect to gas, and CO 2 is very cheap on the ETS)

  9. Gas Hydrate Storage of Natural Gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rudy Rogers; John Etheridge

    2006-03-31

    Environmental and economic benefits could accrue from a safe, above-ground, natural-gas storage process allowing electric power plants to utilize natural gas for peak load demands; numerous other applications of a gas storage process exist. A laboratory study conducted in 1999 to determine the feasibility of a gas-hydrates storage process looked promising. The subsequent scale-up of the process was designed to preserve important features of the laboratory apparatus: (1) symmetry of hydrate accumulation, (2) favorable surface area to volume ratio, (3) heat exchanger surfaces serving as hydrate adsorption surfaces, (4) refrigeration system to remove heat liberated from bulk hydrate formation, (5) rapid hydrate formation in a non-stirred system, (6) hydrate self-packing, and (7) heat-exchanger/adsorption plates serving dual purposes to add or extract energy for hydrate formation or decomposition. The hydrate formation/storage/decomposition Proof-of-Concept (POC) pressure vessel and supporting equipment were designed, constructed, and tested. This final report details the design of the scaled POC gas-hydrate storage process, some comments on its fabrication and installation, checkout of the equipment, procedures for conducting the experimental tests, and the test results. The design, construction, and installation of the equipment were on budget target, as was the tests that were subsequently conducted. The budget proposed was met. The primary goal of storing 5000-scf of natural gas in the gas hydrates was exceeded in the final test, as 5289-scf of gas storage was achieved in 54.33 hours. After this 54.33-hour period, as pressure in the formation vessel declined, additional gas went into the hydrates until equilibrium pressure/temperature was reached, so that ultimately more than the 5289-scf storage was achieved. The time required to store the 5000-scf (48.1 hours of operating time) was longer than designed. The lower gas hydrate formation rate is attributed to a

  10. Gas fired heat pumps

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seifert, M.

    2006-01-01

    The condensing gas boiler is now state of the art and there is no more room for improvement in performance, technically speaking. The next logical step to improve the overall efficiency is to exploit ambient heat in combination with the primary source of energy, natural gas. That means using natural-gas driven heat pumps and gas-fired heat pumps. Based on this, the Swiss Gas Industry decided to set up a practical test programme enjoying a high priority. The aim of the project 'Gas-fired heat pump practical test' is to assess by field tests the characteristics and performance of the foreign serial heat pumps currently on the market and to prepare and promote the introduction on the market place of this sustainable natural-gas technology. (author)

  11. Venezuelan gas developments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Michael, H.

    1993-01-01

    An overview is presented of the Venezuelan natural gas industry. The structure of PDVSA, the Petroleos de Venezuela Organization, its foreign and domestic affiliates, and its subsidiaries are discussed. Natural gas resources in Venezuela total 290 trillion cubic feet, and Venezuela's share of world, OPEC and latin American production and reserves are 1%, 11% and 26%, respectively for production and 3%, 6% and 49% for reserves. Venezuela's gas pipeline network, plants, production, and marketing are described. Natural gas production and demand forecasts to 2002 are presented. Gas resources are largely located in eastern Venezuela, and large volumes of natural gas non-associated with crude oil will start to become important in the Venezuelan natural gas industry. 19 figs

  12. Natural gas leak mapper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichardt, Thomas A [Livermore, CA; Luong, Amy Khai [Dublin, CA; Kulp, Thomas J [Livermore, CA; Devdas, Sanjay [Albany, CA

    2008-05-20

    A system is described that is suitable for use in determining the location of leaks of gases having a background concentration. The system is a point-wise backscatter absorption gas measurement system that measures absorption and distance to each point of an image. The absorption measurement provides an indication of the total amount of a gas of interest, and the distance provides an estimate of the background concentration of gas. The distance is measured from the time-of-flight of laser pulse that is generated along with the absorption measurement light. The measurements are formated into an image of the presence of gas in excess of the background. Alternatively, an image of the scene is superimosed on the image of the gas to aid in locating leaks. By further modeling excess gas as a plume having a known concentration profile, the present system provides an estimate of the maximum concentration of the gas of interest.

  13. Gas revenue increasingly significant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Megill, R.E.

    1991-01-01

    This paper briefly describes the wellhead prices of natural gas compared to crude oil over the past 70 years. Although natural gas prices have never reached price parity with crude oil, the relative value of a gas BTU has been increasing. It is one of the reasons that the total amount of money coming from natural gas wells is becoming more significant. From 1920 to 1955 the revenue at the wellhead for natural gas was only about 10% of the money received by producers. Most of the money needed for exploration, development, and production came from crude oil. At present, however, over 40% of the money from the upstream portion of the petroleum industry is from natural gas. As a result, in a few short years natural gas may become 50% of the money revenues generated from wellhead production facilities

  14. The UK and British Gas: Any future for Norwegian gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jungles, P.

    1996-01-01

    The paper deals with the UK natural gas market and the future for Norwegian gas in the UK. The role of the British Gas in the domestic and European markets is discussed. Topics are: The UK gas supply market; the UK upstream gas market and the Interconnector; the European market, competition and deregulation; the prospects for Norwegian gas

  15. Natural gas in Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ramirez, M.

    1999-01-01

    A series of overhead viewgraphs accompanied this presentation which focused on various aspects of the natural gas industry in Mexico. Some of the viewgraphs depicted statistics from 1998 regarding natural gas throughput from various companies in North America, natural gas reserves around the world, and natural gas reserves in Mexico. Other viewgraphs depicted associated and non-associated natural gas production from 1988 to 1998 in million cubic feet per day. The Burgos Basin and the Cantarell Basin gas production from 1997 to 2004 was also depicted. Other viewgraphs were entitled: (1) gas processing infrastructure for 1999, (2) cryogenic plant at Cd. PEMEX, (3) average annual growth of dry natural gas production for 1997-2004 is estimated at 5.2 per cent, (4) gas flows for December 1998, (5) PGPB- interconnect points, (6) U.S. Mexico gas trade for 1994-1998, (7) PGPB's interconnect projects with U.S., and (8) natural gas storage areas. Technological innovations in the industry include more efficient gas turbines which allow for cogeneration, heat recovery steam generators which reduce pollutant emissions by 21 per cent, cold boxes which increase heat transfer efficiency, and lateral reboilers which reduce energy consumption and total costs. A pie chart depicting natural gas demand by sector shows that natural gas for power generation will increase from 16 per cent in 1997 to 31 per cent in 2004. The opportunities for cogeneration projects were also reviewed. The Comision Federal de Electricidad and independent power producers represent the largest opportunity. The 1997-2001 investment program proposes an 85 per cent sulphur dioxide emission reduction compared to 1997 levels. This presentation also noted that during the 1998-2001 period, total ethane production will grow by 58 tbd. 31 figs

  16. The Russian gas industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    The Russian Federation holds the world's largest proven natural gas reserves, and produces more natural gas than any other nation. Russian exports of gas to Europe and the other nations of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) have a significant impact on natural gas markets throughout Europe and Asia. The aim of this three part study is to inform the international energy and investment community about the current status of the Russian gas industry and the prospects for its future development through 2010. It is also intended to provide an opportunity for the appropriate authorities in the Russian Federation to assess the needs of the industry and to consider areas for possible collaboration with the international investment community and international organizations in a rapidly changing economic and business environment. The study was prepared by the Energy Branch of the United Nations Department for Development Support and Management Services (UN/DDSMS). It was financed by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Part I describes Russian gas reserves and potential resources, and overviews the country's gas producing, pipeline and distribution industries. Additionally, it summarizes the markets for Russian natural gas including domestic and external markets. It discusses the primary economics and potential factors that currently impact the Russian gas industry during the Federation's transition toward a market economy. Part II highlights possible directions for the development of the Russian gas resource base, including upstream gas production and downstream marketing in five-, ten- and fifteen-year time frames. It projects export opportunities for Russian Federation gas and evaluates the options for shaping regional and international markets. Part III addresses the legal and regulatory framework and fiscal regime of the Russian gas industry. It also reviews the major investment requirements and the equipment and training needs of the Russian gas

  17. Crítica e invenção nas poéticas de João Cabral de Melo Neto e Manoel de Barros DOI - 10.5752/P.2358-3428.2013v17n33p147

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Hernrique Barbosa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Partindo da hipótese de que as poéticas de João Cabral de Melo Neto e Manoel de Barros são guiadas por um traço comum, o da convergência entre poesia e crítica, este estudo mostra as especificidades de cada poeta ao produzir poesia crítica e textos críticos sobre poesia. Chega-se à conclusão de que essa convergência tem por objetivo apresentar a matéria de poesia dos poetas: a eleição do elemento prosaico. É ressaltado que os dois poetas, ao elevarem ao estatuto de poesia elementos pouco nobres, ao fazerem da crítica a matéria fundamental de sua poesia, estariam renovando uma poesia que não se vale de tais elementos.Palavras-chave: Crítica. Poesia. João Cabral de Melo Neto. Manoel de Barros.

  18. FY 1998 results of the regional consortium R and D project/the venture promotion type regional consortium R and D (small-/medium-size venture creation type). 2nd year. Development of hazardous materials removal technology using high-functional zeolite; 1998 nendo kokinoka zeolite wo mochiita yugai busshitsu jokyo gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The R and D were carried out aiming at developing a device which removes/recovers freon substitutes and organic solvents discharged from semiconductor/pharmaceutical plans, using zeolite excellent in adsorption performance. In the R and D of high-functional zeolite, the design of materials is conducted by computer simulation, and effectiveness of the simulation was shown. In the development of zeolite honeycombs, the following were conducted: installation of honeycomb-form device, study of formation conditions, and fabrication of samples for adsorption/desorption tests. Moreover, the R and D were made on heater-monolithic zeolite, surface treatment of zeolite honeycomb, catalyst support, analysis, adsorption/desorption evaluation, micro-porous material cross-linking among clay layers, etc. As to the adsorption unit, the shape was so studied/designed that the gas containing NMP can efficiently keep in touch with zeolite honeycomb. Concerning the design of switching removal/recovery device, conducted were the design of a system which can be controlled at low cost, the development of adsorption/desorption operated software, etc. (NEDO)

  19. Report on achievement in researching aids for practical application of recycling technologies in fiscal 1998. Development of a technology to treat hard-to-decompose chemical substances in incineration ash; 1998 nendo recycle gijutsu nado jitsuyoka shien kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shokyakubaichu no nanbunkaisei kagaku busshitsu nado no shori gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    This paper describes development of a technology to decompose dioxins in incineration fly ash. Experiments were carried out during fiscal 1998 by using a bench-scale plant and a laboratory-scale plant of the installed supercritical water treatment equipment designed and fabricated in fiscal 1997. With the bench-scale plant, operation methods were discussed, whereas high temperature and pressure operation of 25 MPa and a temperature internal to the reactor of 350 degrees C were achieved. An alcohol combustion test and a preliminary slurry delivery test were also performed. With the laboratory-scale plant, operating methods were discussed, and combustion tests were carried out by using different organic matters as fuels for the supercritical water oxidation reactor. Investigations were executed on the effects of reactive operation parameters on organic matter decomposition rates, produced gas compositions, and reactor wall temperatures. The intensity of hydrogen bond between solvent and water has decreased to almost half of the normal temperature and pressure water in the vicinity of the critical point. However, strong interaction still remained in terms of per unit density. A portable equipment (650 degrees C and 25 MPa at the maximum, and standard treatment quantity of dry fly ash of 1 kg/h) was operated for demonstration. Operation methods and organic matter decomposition characteristics were identified in alcohol operation and slurry operation. (NEDO)

  20. Competitive landscape for gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Newcomb, J.

    1990-01-01

    During the 1990s, natural gas will be the critical pressure point for energy and environmental developments in North America, according to the author of this paper. The author points to the forces bearing on natural gas, including the need for new power generation capacity, tightening environmental standards, growing concerns about energy security, cyclical factors in U.S. oil and gas exploration, and changes in the oil services industry. This paper discusses how these external factors will shape gas markets in the 1990s. First, it states that gas will gain market share in power generation through greater use of both existing gas-fired facilities and new turbines by electric utilities. Second, it predicts that the cumulative impact of the Clean Air Act and other environmental legislation having significant consequences for the relative roles of coal and natural gas, particularly during the late 1990s. Third, it points to the eventual reawakening of energy security concerns, focusing attention on developing North America's sizeable gas reserves. Finally, it states that while the long-term view of a gas supply crisis without a rebound in drilling activity is accurate, it has been disastrously wrong in the short term. This had led to underestimation of the amount of extra gas that can be provided in the interim from conventional areas at relatively low cost

  1. Asia Gas Study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-01-01

    The Asia region has experienced a period of dynamic growth, both of economies and energy demand. The next fifteen years are likely to see further rapid economic growth in Asia. To fuel this growth energy consumption will also increase rapidly. Of all forms of energy, natural gas demand is likely to grow the fastest. The gas sector will face rapid and dramatic change, creating challenges for the governments of the region. Infrastructure, both for export and domestic consumption of gas, will need to expand significantly. Regional trade in natural gas could triple by 2010. Trade will continue to be dominated by liquefied natural gas (LNG) but pipeline exports will also grow rapidly. Investment needs will be large, putting pressure on governments to look for alternative funding mechanisms. As Asian gas transmission and distribution networks expand and become more interconnected, consumer choice becomes possible. How to encourage and regulate competition will become a vital policy question. As gas consumption increases both in absolute terms, and in terms of its share of energy consumption within particular sectors of the economy (for example, as a fuel for power generation), governments will need to give higher priority to policies dealing with gas security. This study examines the current and possible future role of natural gas in Asia. In particular, it examines in detail the relevant energy policies of six of the key gas producing and consuming economies in the region: Brunei-Darussalam, Chinese Taipei, Indonesia, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia and Thailand. (author). 17 figs., 14 tabs., 7 appends

  2. Thai gas expansion plans

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hayes, D.

    2001-01-01

    Demand for natural gas in Thailand is increasing significantly as the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand and the independent private power producers (IPPs) switch from oil to gas to fire their power stations in line with Government policy to reduce oil imports and use more gas from the Gulf of Thailand. The Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PTT) has the sole right to buy and sell natural gas and other petroleum products in Thailand. According to PTT, the surge in demand for natural gas in the first half of 2001 was matched by a fall in demand for refined oil products. The PTT has received Government approval to convert to a limited company ready for listing on the Thai Stock Exchange. This is expected to further increase gas consumption. Details of gas sales to power generation and other industrial sectors by PTT and Unocal, Thailand's largest producer, are given. PTT operations include work to extend its gas pipeline transmission system. A number of new pipeline schemes are planned, including one across southern Thailand to transfer offshore gas from the Joint Development Area gas field owned by Thailand and Malaysia. This has encountered protests over the proposed plant and pipeline route

  3. Northern Ireland gas industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, R S [Belfast City Council Gas Dept.; Asquith, R S; Brown, J M; McKay, G

    1977-07-01

    Throughout Northern Ireland the production of town gas is derived from hydrocarbon feedstocks. In the larger undertakings in Northern Ireland the feedstock is light distillate; a light petroleum feedstock which is a crude gasoline comprised mainly of pentanes, reformed in catalytic plants. The remaining gas undertakings produce a liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)/air mixture using a mixture of either butane or propane and air. The individual gas units and the type of reforming feedstock are shown. A review of the oil-dependence of town gas and electricity production in Northern Ireland has been considered and is mainly responsible for the high fuel prices experienced in the community. A detailed description of the reforming process has been described, and considerable efforts have been made to optimize the process. In spite of substantial economic savings being made on the processing unit, the gas industry is very susceptible to the changes in oil prices which have escalated rapidly in recent years. The difference in gas prices between the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland indicates that North Sea gas would offer major economic benefits to the gas industry in Northern Ireland, which is operating at a substantial loss at the moment. The industrial concerns, which are dependent on gas and therefore paying high fuel costs, suffer in competition with outside companies. The injection of a moderately cheap natural gas supply to the community may encourage industrial expansion and provide work in a high unemployment area. Although substantial costs must be incurred in distribution pipelines and burner conversions if Northern Ireland changes to natural gas, there appears to be a strong case to introduce North Sea gas in the near future.

  4. Gas crisis in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2002-01-01

    The gas crisis in Europe is getting more evident. Basing his discussion on BP's annual statistical review of world energy, 2002, the author concludes that an increasing number of the major European consumers of natural gas may acquire a supply- and safety problem and become more dependent on imported gas for operating power stations. This is going to be most dramatic for France, Germany and Italy. Great Britain have gas reserves that will last for about seven years. Spain is an interesting ''phenomenon'' in the European gas market; they have trebled their gas consumption during the last decade. Europe's dependence on a high production rate on the Norwegian Shelf has become stronger from year to year

  5. U.S. gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parent, L.

    1991-01-01

    This paper reports that U.S. gas producers won't see much price relief in 1991, barring a Persian Gulf war that interrupts crude supply which might be replaced by gas on short notice. Besides the current supply surplus, natural gas futures have added yet another dimension to the process of setting gas prices. Spectators (read speculators) having no intention of ever buying one cu ft of gas now have a hand in setting the forward price of gas. That doesn't necessarily mean something bad; it simply means that there is a new game with new rules and new players. All things considered, look for an average spot price of $1.70 this year. Exploration should pick up modestly, but production from conventional sources is expected to decline slightly in the '90s. Technological developments that enhance deliverability and reduce finding costs will moderate the decline, but not halt it

  6. The gas market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2015-01-01

    A first part proposes an overview of the current situation of the gas market and predictions regarding gas consumption and turnovers of gas producers and dealers, indication of important recent events, and a dashboard of the sector activity. A second part proposes an annual report on trends and on the competition context. It describes the activity structure (sector organisations, gas types, main customers, heating modes in French housing, tariff offers), indicates the main determining factors for the sector activity, describes the context (temperature evolution, thermal electricity production, production of the chemical industry, housing stock, natural gas consumption), analyses the evolution of the sector activity (trends, indicators), describes the sector economic structure (upstream sector, gas supply), and gives an overview of actors: historical suppliers, alternate suppliers, highlights of the sector, company rankings, and financial performance

  7. OPEC and natural gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Samsam Bakhtiari, A.M.; Shahbudaghlou, F.

    1998-01-01

    This paper reviews the involvement of OPEC Member Countries in the natural gas industry in the past, present and future. It notes a tenfold increase in marketed production and a fourfold rise in re-injection since 1970. Collectively, Members now hold 41 per cent of the world's proven gas reserves and account for 20 per cent of exports. Individually, four of these countries hold position 2-5 in the world gas reserve rankings. Within OPEC, however, there remains an emphasis of oil over gas, not least because of oil's favourable position with regard to revenue-generation and profitability. As global demand continues on its upward growth curve in a more environmentally aware world, OPEC's gas horizons will widen. OPEC's strong reserve base will give its Members an undeniable role to play on the future global gas stage. However, these countries will give priority to domestic usage, particularly re-injection schemes

  8. GAS-FOVEAL CONTACT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alberti, Mark; la Cour, Morten

    2018-01-01

    PURPOSE: To compare gas-foveal contact in face-down positioning (FDP) and nonsupine positioning (NSP), to analyze causes of gas-foveal separation and to determine how gas-foveal contact affects clinical outcome after idiopathic macular hole repair. METHODS: Single center, randomized controlled...... study. Participants with an idiopathic macular hole were allocated to either FDP or NSP. Primary outcome was gas-foveal contact, calculated by analyzing positioning in relation to intraocular gas fill. Positioning was measured with an electronic device recording positioning for 72 hours postoperatively....... RESULTS: Positioning data were available for 33/35 in the FDP group and 35/37 in the NSP group, thus results are based on 68 analyzed participants. Median gas-foveal contact was 99.82% (range 73.6-100.0) in the FDP group and 99.57% (range 85.3-100.0) in the NSP group (P = 0.22). In a statistical model...

  9. The 'new' gas market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Walker, Vornel

    2000-01-01

    The use of computer-aided 3-dimensional design tools to overcome problems associated with extraction of gas from unconventional gas deposits such as shale, sand and coal gas fields in landlocked nations is examined, and the economics of land based gas exploration in the USA, and the transport of the product to market are considered. The use of 3D design tools by the Pearl Development Company for providing engineering solutions for the recovery of natural gas liquids (NGL) for the Thunder Creek Gas Services company servicing the Powder River Basin in Wyoming and utilisation of the CADWorx/PIPE 3D piping design tool are reported. The benefits of the software package which allows easy visualisation of designs and produces 2D drawings from multi-discipline plant models are outlined

  10. Natural gas pricing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Freedenthal, C.

    1993-01-01

    Natural gas pricing is the heart and soul of the gas business. Price specifically affects every phase of the industry. Too low a price will result in short supplies as seen in the mid-1970s when natural gas was scarce and in tight supply. To fully understand the pricing of this energy commodity, it is important to understand the total energy picture. In addition, the effect and impact of world and US economies, and economics in general are crucial to understanding natural gas pricing. The purpose of this presentation will be to show the parameters going into US natural gas pricing including the influence of the many outside industry factors like crude oil and coal pricing, market drivers pushing the gas industry, supply/demand parameters, risk management for buyers and sellers, and other elements involved in pricing analysis

  11. GAS METERING PUMP

    Science.gov (United States)

    George, C.M.

    1957-12-31

    A liquid piston gas pump is described, capable of pumping minute amounts of gas in accurately measurable quantities. The pump consists of a flanged cylindrical regulating chamber and a mercury filled bellows. Sealed to the ABSTRACTS regulating chamber is a value and having a gas inlet and outlet, the inlet being connected by a helical channel to the bellows. A gravity check valve is in the gas outlet, so the gas passes through the inlet and the helical channel to the bellows where the pumping action as well as the metering is accomplished by the actuation of the mercury filled bellows. The gas then flows through the check valve and outlet to any associated apparatus.

  12. Oil and natural gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Riddell, C.H.

    1993-01-01

    The natural gas industry and market prospects in Canada are reviewed from a producer's point of view. In the first eight months of 1993, $2.3 billion in new equity was raised for natural gas exploration and production, compared to $900 million in 1991 and $1.2 billion in 1992. The number of wells drilled in the western Canada basin is expected to reach 8,000-9,000 in 1993, up from 5,600 in 1992, and Canadian producers' share of the North American natural gas market will probably reach 20% in 1993, up from 13% in 1986. Potential and proved gas supply in North America is ca 750 trillion ft 3 , of which ca 30% is in Canada. Factors affecting gas producers in Canada are the deregulated nature of the market, low costs for finding gas (finding costs in the western Canada basin are the lowest of any basin in North America), and the coming into balance of gas supply and demand. The former gas surplus has been reduced by expanding markets and by low prices which reduced the incentive to find new reserves. This surplus is largely gone, and prices have started rising although they are still lower than the pre-deregulation prices. Progress is continuing toward an integrated North American gas market in which a number of market hubs allow easy gas trading between producers and consumers. Commodity exchanges for hedging gas prices are beginning operation and electronic trading of gas contracts and pipeline capacity will also become a reality. 4 figs

  13. Fundamentals of gas counters

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bateman, J.E.

    1994-01-01

    The operation of gas counters used for detecting radiation is explained in terms of the four fundamental physical processes which govern their operation. These are 1) conversion of neutral radiation into charged particles, 2) ionization of the host gas by a fast charge particle 3) transport of the gas ions to the electrodes and 4) amplification of the electrons in a region of enhanced electric field. Practical implications of these are illustrated. (UK)

  14. Gas hydrate nucleation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-31

    The overall aim of the project was to gain more knowledge about the kinetics of gas hydrate formation especially the early growth phase. Knowledge of kinetics of gas hydrate formation is important and measurements of gas hydrate particle size and concentration can contribute to improve this knowledge. An experimental setup for carrying out experimental studies of the nucleation and growth of gas hydrates has been constructed and tested. Multi wavelength extinction (MWE) was the experimental technique selected for obtaining particle diameter and concentration. The principle behind MWE is described as well as turbidity spectrum analysis that in an initial stage of the project was considered as an alternative experimental technique. Details of the experimental setup and its operation are outlined. The measuring cell consists of a 1 litre horizontal tube sustaining pressures up to 200 bar. Laser light for particle size determination can be applied through sapphire windows. A description of the various auxiliary equipment and of another gas hydrate cell used in the study are given. A computer program for simulation and analysis of gas hydrate experiments is based on the gas hydrate kinetics model proposed by Skovborg and Rasmussen (1993). Initial measurements showed that knowledge of the refractive index of gas hydrates was important in order to use MWE. An experimental determination of the refractive index of methane and natural gas hydrate is described. The test experiments performed with MWE on collectives of gas hydrate particles and experiments with ethane, methane and natural gas hydrate are discussed. Gas hydrate particles initially seem to grow mainly in size and at latter stages in number. (EG) EFP-94; 41 refs.

  15. Valve for gas centrifuges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahs, Charles A.; Burbage, Charles H.

    1984-01-01

    The invention is a pneumatically operated valve assembly for simultaneously (1) closing gas-transfer lines connected to a gas centrifuge or the like and (2) establishing a recycle path between two of the lines so closed. The valve assembly is especially designed to be compact, fast-acting, reliable, and comparatively inexpensive. It provides large reductions in capital costs for gas-centrifuge cascades.

  16. String Gas Cosmology

    OpenAIRE

    Brandenberger, Robert H.

    2008-01-01

    String gas cosmology is a string theory-based approach to early universe cosmology which is based on making use of robust features of string theory such as the existence of new states and new symmetries. A first goal of string gas cosmology is to understand how string theory can effect the earliest moments of cosmology before the effective field theory approach which underlies standard and inflationary cosmology becomes valid. String gas cosmology may also provide an alternative to the curren...

  17. Gas hydrate nucleation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    The overall aim of the project was to gain more knowledge about the kinetics of gas hydrate formation especially the early growth phase. Knowledge of kinetics of gas hydrate formation is important and measurements of gas hydrate particle size and concentration can contribute to improve this knowledge. An experimental setup for carrying out experimental studies of the nucleation and growth of gas hydrates has been constructed and tested. Multi wavelength extinction (MWE) was the experimental technique selected for obtaining particle diameter and concentration. The principle behind MWE is described as well as turbidity spectrum analysis that in an initial stage of the project was considered as an alternative experimental technique. Details of the experimental setup and its operation are outlined. The measuring cell consists of a 1 litre horizontal tube sustaining pressures up to 200 bar. Laser light for particle size determination can be applied through sapphire windows. A description of the various auxiliary equipment and of another gas hydrate cell used in the study are given. A computer program for simulation and analysis of gas hydrate experiments is based on the gas hydrate kinetics model proposed by Skovborg and Rasmussen (1993). Initial measurements showed that knowledge of the refractive index of gas hydrates was important in order to use MWE. An experimental determination of the refractive index of methane and natural gas hydrate is described. The test experiments performed with MWE on collectives of gas hydrate particles and experiments with ethane, methane and natural gas hydrate are discussed. Gas hydrate particles initially seem to grow mainly in size and at latter stages in number. (EG) EFP-94; 41 refs.

  18. More natural gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Leprince, P.; Valais, M.

    1993-01-01

    This paper reports that large resources and growing markets are the salient prospects of natural gas for the coming decades. The greater impact of natural gas on the worldwide energy market can become a reality if several scientific disciplines can be mobilized in order to succeed in cutting production costs. Modeling, mechanics of complex fluids, and physical chemistry of interfaces are basic disciplines for understanding and mastering the gas processing technologies

  19. Gas in Galaxies

    OpenAIRE

    Bland-Hawthorn, J.; Reynolds, R. J.

    2000-01-01

    The interstellar medium (ISM) can be thought of as the galactic atmosphere which fills the space between stars. When clouds within the ISM collapse, stars are born. When the stars die, they return their matter to the surrounding gas. Therefore the ISM plays a vital role in galactic evolution. The medium includes starlight, gas, dust, planets, comets, asteroids, fast moving charged particles (cosmic rays) and magnetic fields. The gas can be further divided into hot, warm and cold components, e...

  20. Natural gas annual 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1998-10-01

    The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. The 1997 data are presented in a sequence that follows natural gas (including supplemental supplies) from its production to its end use. This is followed by tables summarizing natural gas supply and disposition from 1993 to 1997 for each Census Division and each State. Annual historical data are shown at the national level. 27 figs., 109 tabs

  1. Gas ampoule-syringe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gay, D.D.

    1986-01-01

    This patent describes disposable gas ampoule holding or containing a gas such as a radioactive gas, comprising: (a) a cylindrical glass tube which is adapted to hold the gas; (b) a layer of absorbent material which circumscribes and which contacts cylindrical glass tube (a) which absorbs the gas; (c) a plastic tube, which circumscribes and contacts absorbent material layer (b) and which is externally threaded on each of its end portions; (d) a cap, which is threaded onto a first end of plastic tube (c); (e) a cylindrical block, which is positioned in the first end of cylindrical glass tube (a) adjacent to cap (d), which contacts cylindrical glass tube (a), which is composed of a foamed material and which is impregnated with a gas adsorbent material; (f) a cylindrical plunger tip, which is located in the first end of cylindrical glass tube (a) in a gas-tight manner adjacent to cylindrical block (e); (g) an end stopper, which has a central cylindrical shaft that is positioned in the second end of cylindrical glass tube (a); and (h) a cap, which is threaded onto the second end of plastic tube (e). A combination of the disposable gas ampoule and syringe adapted to operably interface with the gas ampoule is also described

  2. Hydrogen gas detector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bohl, T.L.

    1982-01-01

    A differential thermocouple hydrogen gas detector has one thermocouple junction coated with an activated palladium or palladium-silver alloy catalytic material to allow heated hydrogen gas to react with the catalyst and raise the temperature of that junction. The other juction is covered with inert glass or epoxy resin, and does not experience a rise in temperature in the presence of hydrogen gas. A coil heater may be mounted around the thermocouple junctions to heat the hydrogen, or the gas may be passed through a heated block prior to exposing it to the thermocouples

  3. Natural gas purchasing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Freedenthal, C.

    1993-01-01

    In recent years, natural gas has gained new momentum because of changes in marketing and regulations. The gas industry has always received an inordinate amount of regulatory control starting at the well head where the gas is produced to the consuming burner tip. Regulations have drastically impacted the availability of gas. Changes in the marketing and regulations have made the natural gas market sensitive at the point of production, the well head. Now, with plentiful supply and ease of transportation to bring the gas from the producing fields to the consumer, natural gas markets are taking advantage of the changed conditions. At the same time, new markets are developing to take advantage of the changes. This section shows consumers, especially the energy planners for large buyers of fuel, the advantages, sources and new methods of securing natural gas supplies. Background on how natural gas is produced and marketed are given. This section lists marketing sources, regulatory agencies and information groups available to help buyers and consumers of this important fuel for US industries and residences. 7 figs., 8 tabs

  4. Gas development plan - Estonia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-06-01

    The total supply of natural gas to Estonia is provided by the Russian company ''Lentransgas'', a 10 year contract is under negotiation. The gas transmission system is physically a part of the transmission network in the Baltic region which previously operated as an integral part of the USSR gas transmission system. The potential market is too small to justify investment in an alternative pipeline from the North Sea. The general reduction in purchasing power in the former COMECON countries has resulted in a decreased industrial production in Estonia and lead to a steep decline in natural gas consumption in all sectors except households. The Danish firm ''Dansk Olie og Naturgas A/S'' has been requested to assist the Estonian company ''AS Eesti Gaas J.S.C.'' in preparing a gas development plan for Estonia. Phase 1 of this plan aims to provide a detailed description of the status of the existing situation under the headings of gas supply and demand, transmission and distribution, economy and organization. The most important problems related to the current transition of the Estonian gas sector towards operation under market conditions are addressed, focussing on gas supply and market conditions, flow control and metering. The general organization of the gas sector in Estonia is described and possible models for future organization are discussed. Some recommendations are given and areas in need of further investigation are identified. (AB)

  5. Natural gas annual 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    The Natural Gas Annual provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas to a wide audience including industry, consumers, Federal and State agencies, and educational institutions. The 1997 data are presented in a sequence that follows natural gas (including supplemental supplies) from its production to its end use. This is followed by tables summarizing natural gas supply and disposition from 1993 to 1997 for each Census Division and each State. Annual historical data are shown at the national level. 27 figs., 109 tabs.

  6. Natural gas outlook

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Molyneaux, M.P.

    1998-01-01

    An overview of natural gas markets in Canada and in the United States was provided. The major factors that determine the direction of natural gas prices were depicted graphically. Price volatility has decreased in recent months. As expected, April through November total energy consumption reached historically high levels. Demand for natural gas during the summer of 1997 was not as strong as anticipated. Nuclear energy appears to be on the slippery slope, with natural gas-driven electricity projects to fill the void. Hydroelectricity had a strong showing in 1997. Prospects are less bright for 1998 due to above average temperatures. Canadian natural gas export capacity has increased 5.5 times between 1986 and estimated 1999 levels. Despite this, in 1997, deliveries to the United States were marginally behind expectations. Natural gas consumption, comparative fuel prices, natural gas drilling activity, natural gas storage capacity, actual storage by region, and average weekly spot natural gas prices, for both the U. S. and Canada, were also provided. With regard to Canada, it was suggested that Canadian producers are well positioned for a significant increase in their price realization mostly because of the increase in Canada's export capacity in 1997 (+175 Mmcf/d), 1998 (1,060 Mmcf/d) and potentially in 1999 or 2000, via the Alliance Pipeline project. Nevertheless, with current production projections it appears next to impossible to fill the 10.9 Bcf/d of export capacity that will be potentially in place by the end of 1999. tabs., figs

  7. Latin American gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thomas, V.

    2000-01-01

    This article reports on the economic recovery that is underway in Latin America which remains one of the world's most important markets for natural gas which will need investment over the coming years. Forecasts of rising gas demand, the restructuring of the gas industry, estimates of the investments needed, Latin America's heavy use of hydroelectric power, market patterns for international gas trade in South America, and the construction of a Bolivia to Brazil pipeline are discussed. Overviews of the situations in Argentina, Venezuela, Brazil, and Bolivia are presented

  8. The natural gas market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lagrasta, F.; Kaminski, V.; Prevatt, R.

    1999-01-01

    This chapter presents a brief history of the natural gas market highlighting the changes in the gas market and examining risk management in practice detailing the types of price risks, and the use of hedging using forwards and swaps. Options to manage risk are identified, and the role of risk management in financing, the role of the intermediary, and the market outlook are discussed. Panels describing the market structure, storage and natural gas risk management, the art of risk management, the winter 1995-96 basis blowout, spark spreads, the UK gas market and Europe, and weather derivatives are presented

  9. Wet gas sampling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Welker, T.F.

    1997-07-01

    The quality of gas has changed drastically in the past few years. Most gas is wet with hydrocarbons, water, and heavier contaminants that tend to condense if not handled properly. If a gas stream is contaminated with condensables, the sampling of that stream must be done in a manner that will ensure all of the components in the stream are introduced into the sample container as the composite. The sampling and handling of wet gas is extremely difficult under ideal conditions. There are no ideal conditions in the real world. The problems related to offshore operations and other wet gas systems, as well as the transportation of the sample, are additional problems that must be overcome if the analysis is to mean anything to the producer and gatherer. The sampling of wet gas systems is decidedly more difficult than sampling conventional dry gas systems. Wet gas systems were generally going to result in the measurement of one heating value at the inlet of the pipe and a drastic reduction in the heating value of the gas at the outlet end of the system. This is caused by the fallout or accumulation of the heavier products that, at the inlet, may be in the vapor state in the pipeline; hence, the high gravity and high BTU. But, in fact, because of pressure and temperature variances, these liquids condense and form a liquid that is actually running down the pipe as a stream or is accumulated in drips to be blown from the system. (author)

  10. Gas utilization technologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Biljetina, R.

    1994-01-01

    One of the constant challenges facing the research community is the identification of technology needs 5 to 15 years from now. A look back into history indicates that the forces driving natural gas research have changed from decade to decade. In the 1970s research was driven by concerns for adequate supply; in the 1980s research was aimed at creating new markets for natural gas. What then are the driving forces for the 1990s? Recent reports from the natural gas industry have helped define a new direction driven primarily by market demand for natural gas. A study prepared by the Interstate Natural Gas Association of America Foundation entitled ''Survey of Natural Research, Development, and Demonstration RD ampersand D Priorities'' indicated that in the 1990s the highest research priority should be for natural gas utilization and that technology development efforts should not only address efficiency and cost, but environmental and regulatory issues as well. This study and others, such as the report by the American Gas Association (A.G.A.) entitled ''Strategic Vision for Natural Gas Through the Year 2000,'' clearly identify the market sectors driving today's technology development needs. The biggest driver is the power generation market followed by the industrial, transportation, appliance, and gas cooling markets. This is best illustrated by the GRI 1994 Baseline Projection on market growth in various sectors between the year 1992 and 2010. This paper highlights some of the recent technology developments in each one of these sectors

  11. 2017 Gas Congress special

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Corbin, Patrick; Ferrier, Jerome; Holleaux, Didier; Vivier, Laurent; Gattaz, Pierre; Delga, Carole; Carenco, Jean-Francois; Sadamori, Keisuke

    2017-01-01

    This special issue of 'Gaz d'Aujourd'hui' journal is entirely devoted to the 2017 Gas Congress proceedings. The congress was organized in 5 round tables and 12 workshops: Round table 1 - COP 21 2 years after, workshops 1-6: 1 - digital transformation: what are the challenges for the gas sector? 2 - Which actors and what policies to fight against energy insecurity? 3 - Natural gas development: what fiscal signs? 4 - Terrestrial transportation: current situation and prospects; 5 - Consumers' perception of gas; 6 - industrial uses; Round table 2 - Maritime and fluvial LNG perspectives; Round table 3 - Territories, the new decision-makers, workshops 7-12: 7 - What energy regulation for tomorrow? 8 - How to succeed in injecting more and more green gas? 9 - Digital, data and emerging technologies (drones, blockchain..): challenges and applications for gas networks? 10 - Underground storage: a promising infrastructure? 11 - Security of supply: what new cooperation? 12 - Power-to-gas: a new way of energy valorization; Round table 4 - Gas and electricity, winning synergies; Round table 5 - The Europe of gas

  12. Shake gas. Basic information

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-08-15

    The ongoing improvement of production technologies has enabled access to unconventional gas resources present in source rocks. Whether Poland is going to see a gas revolution depends chiefly on the geological conditions. At this point it is difficult to estimate the actual size of Poland's shale gas resources and commercialization of shale gas production. First results will be known in the next four or five years, when operators complete the work under exploration and appraisal licences granted to them by the Ministry of the Environment. Polish government is offering licences on exceptionally favourable terms as an incentive for research on unconventional gas resources. Such an approach is driven by the strategic objective of ending Poland's reliance on foreign sources of natural gas in the future. Shale gas will not change Poland's and the region's energy landscape instantaneously. As in the case of all commodity and energy revolutions, changes occur slowly, but shale gas development offers huge opportunities for a permanent shift in the Polish and European energy sectors. Poland stands a chance of becoming fully independent on natural gas imports, and Polish companies - a chance of improving their international standing.

  13. Almacenamiento de gas natural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Correa

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The largest reserves of natural gas worldwide are found in regions far of main cities, being necessary different alternatives to transport the fluid to the consumption cities, such as pipelines, CNG or ships, LNG, depending on distances between producing regions and demanding regions and the producing volumes. Consumption regions have three different markets to naturalgas; residential and commercial, industrial and power generation sector. The residential and commercial is highly seasonal and power generation sector is quite variable depending on increases of temperature during summer time. There are also external issuesthat affect the normal gas flow such as fails on the national system or unexpected interruptions on it, what imply that companies which distribute natural gas should design plans that allow supplying the requirements above mentioned. One plan is using underground natural gas storage with capacities and deliverability rates enough to supply demands. In Colombia there are no laws in this sense but it could be an exploration to discuss different ways to store gas either way as underground natural gas storage or above superficies. Existing basically three different types of underground natural gas storage; depleted reservoirs, salt caverns and aquifers. All ofthem are adequate according to geological characteristics and the needs of the distributors companies of natural gas. This paper is anexploration of technical and economical characteristics of different kind of storages used to store natural gas worldwide.

  14. Gas in Attack and Gas in Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    1919-07-01

    and to the fact that it affects the skin, the eyes, the throat and lungs, as well as the digestive’ tract if’ food be eaten that has been exposed to...zfYx~r its firat uzje by the Germanic before tile first Allied mustard gas at- $ack took place, This was made by the Franch in the vicinity of Com...of bicarbonate of soda &Uxr and their eyes, ears, mouth and nasal pasa gee washed with the same, PROTECTING FOOD FROM MUSTARD GAS, ‘9 It was very

  15. Gas conditioning and gas balance in tokamak

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grisolia, C.; Bonnel, P.; Grosman, A.; Rodriguez, L.; Bardon, J.

    1990-01-01

    An accurate barometry is very helpful in analysing the plasma wall interaction processes in controlled fusion devices. In Tore Supra, residual gas analysis and various types of pressure gauges allow to monitor the various conditioning processes and the global particle balance. In this paper, measurements are described and analysis of two examples is given [fr

  16. Ultrafast gas switching experiments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Frost, C.A.; Martin, T.H.; Patterson, P.E.; Rinehart, L.F.; Rohwein, G.J.; Roose, L.D.; Aurand, J.F.; Buttram, M.T.

    1993-01-01

    We describe recent experiments which studied the physics of ultrafast gas breakdown under the extreme overvoltages which occur when a high pressure gas switch is pulse charged to hundreds of kV in 1 ns or less. The highly overvolted peaking gaps produce powerful electromagnetic pulses with risetimes Khz at > 100 kV/m E field

  17. Fission gas detection system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Colburn, R.P.

    1984-01-01

    A device for collecting fission gas released by failed fuel rods which device uses a filter adapted to pass coolant but to block passage of fission gas bubbles due to the surface tension of the bubbles. The coolant may be liquid metal. (author)

  18. Gas in Eastern Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1994-01-01

    West European gas companies have long recognised the potential for lucrative business within eastern Europe. But they recognise that the region's integration into the west European system will be far from straightforward, with deals between east European gas companies and their western counterparts invariably containing financial mechanisms, such as barter trade, that are designed to cope with the easterners' shortage of hard currency. (author)

  19. European natural gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thackeray, Fred

    1999-11-01

    Contains Executive Summary and Chapters on: Main issues; Natural gas consumption and supply: statistics and key features of individual countries; Sectoral natural gas consumption; Indigenous production; Imports; Prices and taxes; The spot market: The interconnector; Forecasts of production and consumption and contracted imports; Progress of markets liberalisation; Effects of environmentalist developments; Transmission networks and storage; Some principal players. (Author)

  20. Beyond the gas bubble

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hilt, R.H.

    1990-01-01

    The deliverability issue currently being discussed within the natural gas industry involves both near-term and long-term questions. In the near-term, over the next two or three years, it is probable that the natural gas industry will need to mobilize for much greater levels of investment than have been the experience over the past few years. In the longer-term, it is expected that new opportunities for gas will arise as the nation seeks to meet increasing energy requirements within new environmental constraints. Methane for emissions control, CNG vehicles, expanded gas-fired electricity generation, and increased efficiency of traditional energy services are just a few examples. The issues in the longer-term center on the ability of the gas industry to meet increasing supply requirements reliably and at cost-competitive prices for these markets. This paper begins by reviewing the historical situation of gas deliverability that is the capability of the gas producing and transportation portions of the industry. The delivery system's ability to handle shifts in the centers of consumption and production is discussed, with an emphasis on regional problems of gas deliverability and potential bottlenecks. On the production side, the paper reviews the capability and the required investment necessary to handle an orderly transition to a stable supply and demand balance once the elusive bubble had finally disappeared

  1. 1962 : Bay City gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    2008-01-01

    In 1962, a major natural gas export system from Alberta to San Francisco was brought online. The $300 million, 2,200 km Alberta and Southern system was expected to transport 584 million cubic feet daily in its first year of operation, more than one-third the total volume of gas sold by Canadian producers the previous year. The new gas export market also served to create more gas for the Canadian market because the incentive to serve a large export market also encouraged producers to explore for and develop more gas. The pipeline system started in the foothills belt 200 km northwest of Edmonton, and spanned through Idaho, Washington, Oregon and California. One month before its official opening, a gas line explosion occurred during pressure testing of a lateral line. The Alberta portion of the Alberta and Southern system was also used 2 decades later as a tie-in to the Alaska Highway Gas Pipeline project. Other key events in 1962 included approval of the Great Canadian Oil Sands Limited; the manufacture of the first rock drill bits in western Canada; production of 90 million cubic feet of natural gas from 12 wells in Quebec; and, an increase in oil production from the Soviet Union. 1 tab., 1 fig

  2. Gas-cooled reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vakilian, M.

    1977-05-01

    The present study is the second part of a general survey of Gas Cooled Reactors (GCRs). In this part, the course of development, overall performance and present development status of High Temperature Gas Cooled Reactors (HTCRs) and advances of HTGR systems are reviewed. (author)

  3. Gas turbine drives

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1981-01-01

    Developments in gas turbine drives are reviewed, e.g., low weight per unit power and thrust-weight ratio, fast availability of the maximum speed, absolute resistance to cold and to droplet formation vibrationeless run, and low exhaust gas temperatures. Applications in aeronautic engineering (turbofan), power stations, marine propulsion systems, railways and road transportation vehicles are mentioned.

  4. Natural gas industry regulations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Clo, A.

    1999-01-01

    In the reception of the EU Directive on the internal gas market, it is quite necessary to avoid the mistakes already made in the case of electricity. A possible cause is there suggested which may help rearrange the natural gas industry and market in Italy. It's four points are: general interests, national peculiarities, public policies, regulatory framework [it

  5. GasAttack

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MacQuillin, I.

    1998-01-01

    A recent Landfill Directive, which aims to reduce the amount of biodegradable materials being disposed of in landfill sites, must necessarily, it is argued, cause gas supply problems for the fledgling landfill gas industry in the United Kingdom. Prospects for the new industry over the next twenty years are explored in the light of this setback. (UK)

  6. Innovative gas offers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sala, O.; Mela, P.; Chatelain, F.

    2007-01-01

    New energy offers are progressively made available as the opening of gas market to competition becomes broader. How are organized the combined offers: gas, electricity, renewable energies and energy services? What are the marketing strategies implemented? Three participants at this round table present their offer and answer these questions. (J.S.)

  7. FFTF gas processing systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Halverson, T.G.

    1977-01-01

    The design and operation of the two radioactive gas processing systems at the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) exemplifies the concept that will be used in the first generation of Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactors (LMFBR's). The two systems, the Radioactive Argon Processing System (RAPS) and the Cell Atmosphere Processing System (CAPS), process the argon and nitrogen used in the FFTF for cover gas on liquid metal systems and as inert atmospheres in steel lined cells housing sodium equipment. The RAPS specifically processes the argon cover gas from the reactor coolant system, providing for decontamination and eventual reuse. The CAPS processes radioactive gasses from inerted cells and other liquid metal cover gas systems, providing for decontamination and ultimate discharge to the atmosphere. The cryogenic processing of waste gas by both systems is described

  8. Electric Engines to Gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Novoa, M.G.

    1996-01-01

    Environmental pollution and specially air pollution, it is produced in a wide range by exhaust gases of internal combustion engines, those which are used to generate energy. Direct use of fossil combustibles as petroleum derivatives and coal produces large quantities of harmful elements to ecology equilibrium. Whit the objective of reducing this pollutant load has been development thermoelectric plants whit turbine to gas or to steam, those which are moved by internal combustion engines. Gas engines can burn most of available gases, as both solid waste and wastewater treatment plants biogas, propane gas, oil-liquefied gas or natural gas. These gases are an alternative and clean energy source, and its efficiency in internal combustion engines is highest compared whit other combustibles as gasoline-motor or diesel

  9. Having the last gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Freestone, N P; Phillips, P S; Hall, R [Nene College of Higher Education, Northampton (United Kingdom)

    1994-01-01

    Millions of visitors to the 1985 International Garden Festival in Liverpool were probably unaware that the landscape gardens they had come to enjoy were on top of approximately 10m t of domestic rubbish. Nor were they aware that this rubbish was generating a methane-rich gas that had necessitated installing a special extraction system to remove it from the site. At first this gas - landfill gas - was simply flared (burnt), but once it was realised that extraction would be need for at least 15 years it was decided to use the gas to generate electricity. This development is a good example of the potential, especially in the developed world, for using landfill gas produced in refuse tips as an additional and versatile energy source. This potential is analysed and the problems of exploitation examined. (2 figures). (author)

  10. Growing natural gas usage

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Saarni, T.

    1996-01-01

    Finnish natural gas usage topped the 3.3 billion cubic metre mark last year, up 3.6 % on the 1994 figure. Growth has increased now for 12 years in a row. Thanks to offtake by large individual users, the pipeline network has been expanded from South-East Finland to the Greater Helsinki area and central southern Finland. Natural gas plays a much larger role in this region than the 10 % accounted for by natural gas nationally would indicate. The growth in the share of Finland's energy use accounted for by natural gas has served to broaden the country's energy supply base. Natural gas has replaced coal and oil, which has considerably reduced the level of emissions resulting form energy generation

  11. Gas information campaign

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berthold, D.

    The second Federal German experts' meeting on Gas Consulting from 2nd to 5th June 1981 in Saarbruecken documents the importance attached by the gas industry to a qualified energy consulting. The consumers are informed of natural gas by country-wide and regional PR- and marketing activities. This information is the basis for sales promotion measures in the regional and local sphere. All communicative measures end with the consulting. It is the most important sales-political instrument which helps the supply companies to win interested and informed customers. The action gas consulting shows possibilities of how to effect an advisory service in cooperation between Information on Natural Gas and local suppliers.

  12. Middle East gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thomas, V.

    2001-01-01

    Despite the significant contribution of the Middle East countries of Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates in the Arabia Gulf to the world's oil output, they are placing increasing emphasis on natural gas as a source of exports and to fuel domestic economic growth. The region accounts for 35% of the world's proven gas resource base, with Iran and Qatar holding major reserves. The region is becoming increasingly important in global liquefied natural gas (LNG) trade and details of key LNG projects and the major players in this area are given; a key advantage is the region's position between the two main markets - the Asia Pacific and the Atlantic Basin. Brief details are also given of gas pipeline projects and gas-to-liquid (GTL) projects in the region

  13. Gas processing device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kobayashi, Yoshihiro; Seki, Eiji.

    1991-01-01

    State of electric discharge is detected based on a gas pressure in a sealed container and a discharging current flowing between both of electrodes. When electric arc discharges occur, introduction of gases to be processed is stopped and a voltage applied to both of the electrodes is interrupted. Then, when the gas pressure in the sealed container is lowered to a predetermined value, a power source voltage is applied again to both of the electrodes to recover glow discharges, and the introduction of the gas to be processed is started. With such steps, even if electric arc discharges occur, they are eliminated automatically and, accordingly, normal glow discharges can be recovered, to prevent failures of the device due to electric arc discharges. The glow discharges are recovered automatically without stopping the operation of the gas processing device, and gas injection and solidification processing can be conducted continuously and stably. (T.M.)

  14. Cryogenic treatment of gas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bravo, Jose Luis [Houston, TX; Harvey, III, Albert Destrehan; Vinegar, Harold J [Bellaire, TX

    2012-04-03

    Systems and methods of treating a gas stream are described. A method of treating a gas stream includes cryogenically separating a first gas stream to form a second gas stream and a third stream. The third stream is cryogenically contacted with a carbon dioxide stream to form a fourth and fifth stream. A majority of the second gas stream includes methane and/or molecular hydrogen. A majority of the third stream includes one or more carbon oxides, hydrocarbons having a carbon number of at least 2, one or more sulfur compounds, or mixtures thereof. A majority of the fourth stream includes one or more of the carbon oxides and hydrocarbons having a carbon number of at least 2. A majority of the fifth stream includes hydrocarbons having a carbon number of at least 3 and one or more of the sulfur compounds.

  15. Understanding vented gas explosions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lautkaski, R. [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland). Energy Systems

    1997-12-31

    The report is an introduction to vented gas explosions for nonspecialists, particularly designers of plants for flammable gases and liquids. The phenomena leading to pressure generation in vented gas explosions in empty and congested rooms are reviewed. The four peak model of vented gas explosions is presented with simple methods to predict the values of the individual peaks. Experimental data on the external explosion of dust and gas explosions is discussed. The empirical equation relating the internal and external peak pressures in vented dust explosions is shown to be valid for gas explosion tests in 30 m{sup 3} and 550 m{sup 3} chambers. However, the difficulty of predicting the internal peak pressure in large chambers remains. Methods of explosion relief panel design and principles of vent and equipment layout to reduce explosion overpressures are reviewed. (orig.) 65 refs.

  16. Emergency gas processing device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taruishi, Yoshiaki; Sasaki, Susumu.

    1984-01-01

    Purpose: To enable the reduction of radioactive substances released out of reactor buildings irrespective of the aging change in the buildings. Constitution: There are provided an exhaust gas flow channel for cleaning contaminated airs within a reactor building by way of a series of filters and exhausting the cleaned airs by means of exhaust fans to the outside and a gas recycling flow channel having a cooler in connection with the exhaust gas flow channel at a position downstream of the exhaust fans for returning the cleaned airs in the exhaust gas flow channel to the inside of the reactor buildings. The pressure difference between the outside and the inside of the reactor buildings is made constant by controlling the air flow channel within the gas recycling flow channel by a flow control valve. The airs cleaned by the series of the filters are recycled to the inside of the buildings to decrease the radioactive substance within the buildings. (Horiuchi, T.)

  17. Understanding vented gas explosions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lautkaski, R [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland). Energy Systems

    1998-12-31

    The report is an introduction to vented gas explosions for nonspecialists, particularly designers of plants for flammable gases and liquids. The phenomena leading to pressure generation in vented gas explosions in empty and congested rooms are reviewed. The four peak model of vented gas explosions is presented with simple methods to predict the values of the individual peaks. Experimental data on the external explosion of dust and gas explosions is discussed. The empirical equation relating the internal and external peak pressures in vented dust explosions is shown to be valid for gas explosion tests in 30 m{sup 3} and 550 m{sup 3} chambers. However, the difficulty of predicting the internal peak pressure in large chambers remains. Methods of explosion relief panel design and principles of vent and equipment layout to reduce explosion overpressures are reviewed. (orig.) 65 refs.

  18. Canadian natural gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lucas, D.A.

    1991-01-01

    Canada's natural gas industry enjoys a quiet confidence as it looks ahead to the 1990s. In this paper, the author explains why, despite some critical uncertainties, the optimism endures. Reviewing the current conditions of supply, production, consumption, pipelines, and pipeline expansion plans, the author contends that the New World of the 1990s will belong to natural gas. The author's assessment of natural gas markets proceeds far beyond the borders of Canada. The author examines the determinants of gas prices throughout North America and he identifies the one force that promises to seize almost complete control of gas prices throughout the continent. While the analysis points out the attributes of this new pricing regime, it also names the obstacles that could prevent this emerging mechanism from assuming its anticipated position

  19. New challenges in gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mandil, C. [Institut Francais du Petrole (IFP), 92 - Rueil-Malmaison (France); Chabrelie, M.F. [Cedigaz, 92 - Rueil Malmaison (France); Streicher, C. [Prosernat, 92 - Paris la Defense (France)] [and others

    2003-07-01

    New developments in the area of gas treatment will be to a large extent driven by the need to find appropriate solutions to the fundamental need of sustainable development. New gas treatment processes are developed with the aim to minimise contaminant emissions and meet most stringent environmental specifications. A new major challenge for the industry will be to implement new cost effective technologies for reducing CO{sub 2} emissions. Industry has also to minimise its costs, and therefore, in order to ensure at the same time a better protection of the environment and a better safety, it is necessary to innovate. The purpose of this seminar is precisely to identify better the innovations which are required in the area of gas treatment. These proceedings comprise 8 papers and a summary of the contributions to a round-table discussion dealing with the options for CO{sub 2} capture and sequestration. The presentations treat of: the future prospects for the gas industry (M.F. Chabrelie, Cedigaz); the solutions for offshore gas treatment (C. Streicher, Prosernat); gas treatment with membranes (H. Meyer, GTI); the Axens Multibed{sub TM} technology for natural gas treatment (G. Jochem, Axens); the potentials and applications for the Propure co-current contactors (F.P. Nilsen, ProPure); the production of very-sour and super-sour large gas reserves: the new challenges (F. Lallemand, TotalFinaElf); Hybrisol, a new gas treatment process for sour natural gases (F. Lecomte, IFP); and the conception and building of large acid-gas removal units (J. Castel, Technip-Coflexip). (J.S.)

  20. Catalytic hot gas cleaning of gasification gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simell, P. [VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland). Energy Production Technologies

    1997-12-31

    The aim of this work was to study the catalytic cleaning of gasification gas from tars and ammonia. In addition, factors influencing catalytic activity in industrial applications were studied, as well as the effects of different operation conditions and limits. Also the catalytic reactions of tar and ammonia with gasification gas components were studied. The activities of different catalyst materials were measured with laboratory-scale reactors fed by slip streams taken from updraft and fluid bed gasifiers. Carbonate rocks and nickel catalysts proved to be active tar decomposing catalysts. Ammonia decomposition was in turn facilitated by nickel catalysts and iron materials like iron sinter and iron dolomite. Temperatures over 850 deg C were required at 2000{sup -1} space velocity at ambient pressure to achieve almost complete conversions. During catalytic reactions H{sub 2} and CO were formed and H{sub 2}O was consumed in addition to decomposing hydrocarbons and ammonia. Equilibrium gas composition was almost achieved with nickel catalysts at 900 deg C. No deactivation by H{sub 2}S or carbon took place in these conditions. Catalyst blocking by particulates was avoided by using a monolith type of catalyst. The apparent first order kinetic parameters were determined for the most active materials. The activities of dolomite, nickel catalyst and reference materials were measured in different gas atmospheres using laboratory apparatus. This consisted of nitrogen carrier, toluene as tar model compound, ammonia and one of the components H{sub 2}, H{sub 2}O, CO, CO{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}+H{sub 2}O or CO+CO{sub 2}. Also synthetic gasification gas was used. With the dolomite and nickel catalyst the highest toluene decomposition rates were measured with CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O. In gasification gas, however, the rate was retarded due to inhibition by reaction products (CO, H{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}). Tar decomposition over dolomite was modelled by benzene reactions with CO{sub 2}, H

  1. US crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids reserves

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1992-01-01

    This report presents estimates of proved reserves of crude oil, natural gas, and natural gas liquids as of December 31, 1991, as well as production volumes for the United States, and selected States and State subdivisions for the year 1991. Estimates are presented for the following four categories of natural gas: total gas (wet after lease separation), its two major components (nonassociated and associated-dissolved gas), and total dry gas (wet gas adjusted for the removal of liquids at natural gas processing plants). In addition, two components of natural gas liquids, lease condensate and natural gas plant liquids, have their reserves and production data presented. Also included is information on indicated additional crude oil reserves and crude oil, natural gas, and lease condensate reserves in nonproducing reservoirs. A discussion of notable oil and gas exploration and development activities during 1991 is also presented

  2. Natural gas : nirvana

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stonehouse, D.

    2001-01-01

    Despite completing 8,900 gas wells in year 2000, the deliverability of natural gas out of the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin (WCSB) was stagnant which has left many analysts wondering whether the basin has reached its limit. It also leaves many wondering if gas producers will be able to meet the strong demand for natural gas in the future. Nearly all new electrical generation being built in the U.S. is gas-based due to strict new environmental standards limiting the growth in hydro and coal-powered generation. Any future coal plants will use gasification technology and combined cycle turbines. Combined cycle turbines developed by Boeing and Lockheed are more efficient than combustion turbines, making gas more competitive with fuel alternatives. The lack of growth in natural gas supply has left storage levels near record lows. Demand is expected to increase in 2001 by 3.2 per cent to 23 trillion cubic feet in the U.S. Longer term, major new reserves must be brought on stream to meet this demand. It was noted that the easy discoveries within the WCSB have been made. The new plays are smaller, more technically complex and expensive which suggests that more investment is needed in training geologists, geophysicists and petroleum engineers to find new reserves. The Canadian Energy Research Institute agrees that there is enough gas in Alberta and British Columbia to meet current demands but efforts must shift towards drilling in the foothills front and northwest regions of Alberta to increase deliverability. Brief notes on several gas finds by various oil and gas companies in the area were presented. The article also discussed the huge untapped potential of northern reserves. Analysts have noted 44 Tcf of proven reserve, with a potential of 165 Tcf. In addition, new pipelines from the Alaskan North Slope and the Mackenzie Delta could transport nearly 2 Tcf annually to market. Wells drilled by Chevron and Paramount at Fort Liard in 1999 initially flowed at rates up to

  3. Safety regulation on high-pressure gas and gas business

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, Du Yeoung; An, Dae Jun

    1978-09-01

    This book is divided into two parts. The first part introduces safety regulation on high-pressure gas, enforcement ordinance on safety regulation about high-pressure gas and enforcement regulation on safety regulation about high-pressure gas. The second part indicates regulations on gas business such as general rules, gas business gas supplies, using land, supervision, supple mentary rules and penalty. It has two appendixes on expected questions and questions during last years.

  4. Natural gas; Erdgas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graf, Frank [DVGW-Forschungsstelle am KIT, Karlsruhe (Germany); Groeschl, Frank; Wetzel, Uwe [DVGW, Bonn (Germany); Heikrodt, Klaus [Hochschule Ostwestfalen-Lippe, Lemgo (Germany); Krause, Hartmut [DBI Gastechnologisches Institut, An-Institut der TU Bergakademie, Freiberg (Germany); Beestermoeller, Christina; Witschen, Bernhard [Team Consult G.P.E. GmbH, Berlin (Germany); Albus, Rolf; Burmeister, Frank [Gas- und Waerme-Institut Essen e.V., Essen (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    The reform of the EEG in Germany, a positive global development in natural gas, the decline in oil prices, questions about the security of supply in Europe, and not least the effect of the decision by E.on at the end of 2014 have moved the gas industry. Gas has the lowest CO{sub 2} emissions of fossil fuels. Flexibility, storability, useful for networks and the diversity in the application make it an ideal partner for renewable energy. However, these complementary properties are valued at wind and photovoltaics internationally and nationally different. The situation in the gas power plants remains tense. LNG - liquefied natural gas - is on the rise. [German] Die Reform des EEG in Deutschland, eine positive Entwicklung beim Gas weltweit, der Verfall der Oelpreises, Fragen zur Versorgungssicherheit in Europa und nicht zuletzt die Auswirkung der Entscheidung von E.on Ende 2014 haben die Gaswirtschaft bewegt. Gas weist die geringsten CO{sub 2}-Emissioen der fossilen Energietraeger auf. Flexibilitaet, Speicherbarkeit, Netzdienlichkeit sowie die Vielfalt in der Anwendung machen es zum idealen Partner der erneuerbaren Energien. Allerdings werden diese komplementaeren Eigenschaften zu Wind und Photovoltaik international und national unterschiedlich bewertet. Die Lage bei den Gaskraftwerken bleibt weiter angespannt. LNG - verfluessigtes Erdgas - ist auf dem Vormarsch.

  5. Russian gas in 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wilson, D.C.

    1994-01-01

    Natural gas output in Russia fell by 3.5% in 1993. This followed decades of rapid growth in production reaching a peak in 1991 and a minor fall in 1993. Gas consumption also peaked in 1991 and fell by 5% over the two following years. The major cause of the decline in consumption is the fall in electricity demand which has accompanied the economic recession. Gas has accounted for about 60% of the reduction in fuel consumption by power stations. Gas consumption by industrial and municipal boilers has also dropped steeply although household and other municipal consumption has increased. The fall in demand does not wholely account for the fall in production, however. Apart from Yamburg, all operational gas fields have now reached the stage of declining production. Government officials are talking tentatively of 1997 as the turning point for the Russian economy and following this, the demand for gas will rise again. It is not certain, however, that the industry will be able to meet the increased demand which is anticipated. Most of the increased production will have to come from new fields in the Yamal Peninsular the development of which is proceeding much more slowly than planned. In the longer term, possibly in the early years of the next century, the Shtokmanovsk gasfield in the Barents Sea may be developed. Other aspects of the Russian gas industry briefly covered are reserves, financing of exploratory drilling, investment, intra-CIS trade and exports and privatisation of the state owned company Garyprom. (UK)

  6. Centrifugal gas separator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kanagawa, A; Fujii, O; Nakamoto, H

    1970-03-09

    Counter currents in the rotary drum of a centrifugal gas separator are produced by providing, at either end of the drum in the vicinity of the circumferential and central positions, respectively, outflow and inflow holes with a communicating passage external to the drum there between whereby gaseous counter currents are caused to flow within the drum and travel through the passage which is provided with gas flow adjustment means. Furthermore, the space defined by the stationary portion of the passage and the rotor drum is additionally provided with a screw pump or throttling device at either its stationary side or drum side or both in order to produce a radially directed gas flow therewithin. A gas mixture is axially admitted into the drum while centrifugal force and a cooling element provided therebelow cause an increase in gas pressure along and a gaseous flow toward the wall member, whereupon the comparatively high pressured circumferentially distributed gas is extracted from the outlet holes, flows through the external gas passage and back into the lower pressured drum core through the inlet holes, thus producing the desired counter currents. The gases thus separated are withdrawn along axially provided discharge pipes. Accordingly, this invention permits heating elements which were formerly used to produce thermal convection currents to be disposed of and allows the length of the rotor drum to be more efficiently utilized to enhance separation efficiency.

  7. Kara-Kum gas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gudz, A.

    1975-05-01

    Natural gas from the Shatlyk gas field in the Kara Kum Desert, Turkmenia, U.S.S.R., will soon be available to the European section of the U.S.S.R. with the recent completion of the 291-mi Shatlyk-Khiva gas pipeline and the completion of all associated production units by the end of the year. The gas field, with explored reserves of (1.5 trillion m/sup 3/), is expected to be producing (100 million m/sup 3//day) at the end of 1975. Diagonal profiling was used in the exploration stage to reduce the number of boreholes required from 16 to 11, saving about $6.7 million (5 million rubles) and cutting the exploration time by almost 2 y. Most of the boreholes, drilled within the contour of the gas-bearing structure, can be used for gas production. The gas, produced at 2352 psi and 205/sup 0/F, is cooled to 113/sup 0/F, stripped of condensate and moisture, metered, and treated before transmission.

  8. Repowering with natural gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wilkinson, P.L.

    1992-01-01

    This chapter examines the concept of combined-cycle repowering with natural gas as one possible solution to the impending dilemma facing electric utilities - tight capacity margins in the 1990s and the inordinate expense of traditional powerplants. Combined-cycle repowering refers to the production of electricity through the integration of new and used equipment at an existing site, with the final equipment configuration resembling a new gas-fired combined-cycle unit (i.e., gas turbine, waste heat recovery unit and steam turbine/generator). Through the utilization of improved waste heat recovery and gas-fired equipment, repowering provides both additional capacity and increased generating efficiency. Three modes of repowering are considered: (1) peak turbine repowering refers to the addition of a steam turbine and heat recovery unit to an existing gas turbine, with the efficiency improvement allowing the unit to convert from peaking to baseload operation; (2) heat recovery repowering is the replacement of an old coal boiler with a gas turbine and heat recovery unit, leaving the existing steam turbine in place; and (3) boiler repowering, in which the exhaust from a new gas turbine is fed into an existing coal boiler, replacing existing forced-draft fans and air heaters. These three options are compared with the option of adding new coal-fired boilers on the basis of economics, energy efficiency and environmental impacts

  9. Gas supply device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yamamoto, Tokihiro.

    1986-01-01

    Purpose: When injecting gas during plasma discharge, to prevent erronous operation of the piezoelectric valves due to vibrations and to inject gas into the vacuum vessel by accurately controlling gas flow. Constitution: The piezoelectric valve designed to control the flow of gas when charging vacuum vessels is installed between the vacuum vessel and the gas cylinder and a pulse voltage generator to control the valve (open/close) and the reverse voltage generator to apply a reverse current to the valve element are also provided. When a voltage is applied to the piezoelectric element, the piezoelectric element bends. However, when the polarity is changed, the direction of the bend is also reversed. The seat portion is pressed in proportion to the degree of bending. When gas is injected while plasma is being discharged, the gap created, due to vibrations, between the piezoelectric element and the sealing material is prevented by the application of a reverse current. This allows precise control of the gas injection volume as well as the injection interval. This assures maintenance of precise test conditions when testing thermonuclear devices. (Horiuchi, T.)

  10. Origin of natural gas; Tennen gas no kigen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Katayama, Y. [The Institute of Applied Energy, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-03-20

    Natural gas, which is a general term of flammable hydrocarbon gases such as methane, is classified by origin into the following categories : (1) oil field gas (oil gas), (2) aquifers (bacteria-fermented methane), (3) coal gas (coal field gas), and (4) abiogenetic gas. The natural gas which has (1-4) origins and is now used as resource in a large quantity is (1) oil field gas. This gas is a hydrocarbon gas recovered in the production process of petroleum and contains components such as ethane, propane and butane. To the contrary, (2) aquifers and (3) coal gas have methane as main component. As (4) abiogenetic methane, there are gas formed in inorganic reaction in activities of submarine volcanos and deep gas (earth origin gas). Oil field gas has kerogen origin. Aquifers were formed by fermentation of organic matters. Coal gas was formed by coalification of vitrinite. As abiogenetic methane, there are inorganic reaction formation gas and deep gas, the latter of which exists little as resource. 7 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Heterogeneous gas core reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han, K.I.

    1977-01-01

    Preliminary investigations of a heterogeneous gas core reactor (HGCR) concept suggest that this potential power reactor offers distinct advantages over other existing or conceptual reactor power plants. One of the most favorable features of the HGCR is the flexibility of the power producing system which allows it to be efficiently designed to conform to a desired optimum condition without major conceptual changes. The arrangement of bundles of moderator/coolant channels in a fissionable gas or mixture of gases makes a truly heterogeneous nuclear reactor core. It is this full heterogeneity for a gas-fueled reactor core which accounts for the novelty of the heterogeneous gas core reactor concept and leads to noted significant advantages over previous gas core systems with respect to neutron and fuel economy, power density, and heat transfer characteristics. The purpose of this work is to provide an insight into the design, operating characteristics, and safety of a heterogeneous gas core reactor system. The studies consist mainly of neutronic, energetic and kinetic analyses of the power producing and conversion systems as a preliminary assessment of the heterogeneous gas core reactor concept and basic design. The results of the conducted research indicate a high potential for the heterogeneous gas core reactor system as an electrical power generating unit (either large or small), with an overall efficiency as high as 40 to 45%. The HGCR system is found to be stable and safe, under the conditions imposed upon the analyses conducted in this work, due to the inherent safety of ann expanding gaseous fuel and the intrinsic feedback effects of the gas and water coolant

  12. 75 FR 13524 - Northern Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-22

    ... Natural Gas Company, Southern Natural Gas Company, Florida Gas Transmission Company, LLC, Transcontinental... notice that on March 5, 2010, Northern Natural Gas Company (Northern Natural), 1111 South 103rd Street, Omaha, Nebraska 68124- 1000, filed on behalf of itself and other owners, Southern Natural Gas Company...

  13. Promoção à saúde e educação: diagnóstico de saneamento através da pesquisa participante articulada à educação popular (Distrito São João dos Queiróz, Quixadá, Ceará, Brasil Health promotion and education: a diagnosis of sanitation conditions using participatory research and community education (São João dos Queiróz, Quixadá, Ceará, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalva A. Mello

    1998-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho foi desenvolvido em uma comunidade rural ­ vila de São João dos Queiróz, Distrito do Município de Quixadá, Ceará, através da pesquisa participante articulada à educação popular, tendo como referencial a promoção à saúde de acordo com os princípios da Carta de Ottawa, 1986. Participaram do projeto representantes das diversas instituições públicas do distrito e entidades associativas ligadas ao movimento popular. O tema gerador, definido em assembléia da associação comunitária, foi o diagnóstico de saneamento, e o ponto de partida, o levantamento da condição situacional. Os resultados obtidos mostraram as precárias condições locais de saneamento, escolaridade, renda e trabalho. As sugestões para resoluções dos problemas foram organizadas para subsidiar a agenda de planejamento das políticas locais de saúde. A avaliação foi processual e enriquecida com práticas do cotidiano da pesquisa. A pedagogia problematizadora, desenvolvida durante o processo educativo, contribuiu para a construção e a reconstrução crítica dos conceitos de promoção à saúde e de saneamento, assim como para a efetivação da construção, apropriação e socialização dos conhecimentos produzidos.This study was conducted in a rural community, São João dos Queiróz, a township in the county of Quixadá, Ceará, Brazil, using a combination of participatory research and community education in compliance with the health promotion reference and principles of the 1986 Ottawa Charter. The project was joined by representatives of several local government institutions and organizations from the grassroots community movement. The theme generating the research, as defined by an assembly meeting of the community association, was a diagnosis of sanitation conditions in the community. The starting point was the assessment of local conditions. Results showed adverse local conditions in sanitation, literacy, income, and employment

  14. Gas Phase Nanoparticle Synthesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granqvist, Claes; Kish, Laszlo; Marlow, William

    This book deals with gas-phase nanoparticle synthesis and is intended for researchers and research students in nanomaterials science and engineering, condensed matter physics and chemistry, and aerosol science. Gas-phase nanoparticle synthesis is instrumental to nanotechnology - a field in current focus that raises hopes for environmentally benign, resource-lean manufacturing. Nanoparticles can be produced by many physical, chemical, and even biological routes. Gas-phase synthesis is particularly interesting since one can achieve accurate manufacturing control and hence industrial viability.

  15. Gas solubilities widespread applications

    CERN Document Server

    Gerrard, William

    1980-01-01

    Gas Solubilities: Widespread Applications discusses several topics concerning the various applications of gas solubilities. The first chapter of the book reviews Henr's law, while the second chapter covers the effect of temperature on gas solubility. The third chapter discusses the various gases used by Horiuti, and the following chapters evaluate the data on sulfur dioxide, chlorine data, and solubility data for hydrogen sulfide. Chapter 7 concerns itself with solubility of radon, thoron, and actinon. Chapter 8 tackles the solubilities of diborane and the gaseous hydrides of groups IV, V, and

  16. High enthalpy gas dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Rathakrishnan, Ethirajan

    2014-01-01

    This is an introductory level textbook which explains the elements of high temperature and high-speed gas dynamics. written in a clear and easy to follow style, the author covers all the latest developments in the field including basic thermodynamic principles, compressible flow regimes and waves propagation in one volume covers theoretical modeling of High Enthalpy Flows, with particular focus on problems in internal and external gas-dynamic flows, of interest in the fields of rockets propulsion and hypersonic aerodynamics High enthalpy gas dynamics is a compulsory course for aerospace engine

  17. Fundamentals of gas dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Babu, V

    2014-01-01

    Fundamentals of Gas Dynamics, Second Edition isa comprehensively updated new edition and now includes a chapter on the gas dynamics of steam. It covers the fundamental concepts and governing equations of different flows, and includes end of chapter exercises based on the practical applications. A number of useful tables on the thermodynamic properties of steam are also included.Fundamentals of Gas Dynamics, Second Edition begins with an introduction to compressible and incompressible flows before covering the fundamentals of one dimensional flows and normal shock wav

  18. Opening up to gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ryan, Orla

    1999-01-01

    This article focuses on the growing number of gas-fired generation projects in Eastern Europe, and the need for the different countries who wish to join the European Union to approximate their laws with EU legislation which requires the opening up of each member's gas market. Projects in Poland, Croatia, Turkey, Romania, Hungary, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia are considered, and project financing, the financial backing provided by the European Bank for Restructuring and Development (EBRD), and the anticipated growth in gas are discussed. (uk)

  19. micro strip gas chamber

    CERN Multimedia

    1998-01-01

    About 16 000 Micro Strip Gas Chambers like this one will be used in the CMS tracking detector. They will measure the tracks of charged particles to a hundredth of a millimetre precision in the region near the collision point where the density of particles is very high. Each chamber is filled with a gas mixture of argon and dimethyl ether. Charged particles passing through ionise the gas, knocking out electrons which are collected on the aluminium strips visible under the microscope. Such detectors are being used in radiography. They give higher resolution imaging and reduce the required dose of radiation.

  20. Natural gas for vehicles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tissot-Favre, V.; Sudour, D.; Binutti, M.; Zanetta, P.; Rieussec, J.L.

    2005-01-01

    As a true alternative to oil products, and environment friendly fuel, Natural Gas for Vehicles complies with requirements for sustainable development. In addition, it is part of the European Union policy which underlines the importance of energy diversification through alternative fuels. This workshop will look into the current offer to the public transport segment, waste collection vehicles, and commercial vehicle fleets. Actions taken to spread the use of natural gas to all types of cars will also be covered. This article gathers 5 presentations about this topic given at the gas conference

  1. Aerobic bacterial microflora of Broad-snouted caiman (Caiman latirostris oral cavity and cloaca, originating from Parque Zoológico Arruda Câmara, Paraíba, Brazil Microflora bacteriana aeróbica da cavidade oral e cloaca de jacaré-de-papo-amarelo (Caiman latirostris procedentes do Zoológico de João Pessoa, PB, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.S.A. Silva

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to isolate and identify the aerobic bacterial microflora from the oral cavity mucosa and cloaca's samples, collected from Broad-snouted caiman (Caiman latirostris, born and bred in captivity at Parque Zoológico Arruda Câmara, João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil. The most common bacteria were Staphylococcus sp. (14.74%, Corynebacterium sp. (13.68%, Escherichia coli (13.68% and Shigella sp. (11.58%, and the less common were Citrobacter sp. (1.05%, Klebsiella pneumoniae (1.05% and Salmonella sp. (1.05%.This emphasizes the importance of these microorganisms' participation in infectious processes (sepsis and injuries caused by crocodilians.O presente estudo teve como objetivo isolar e identificar a microflora bacteriana aeróbica presente na mucosa da cavidade oral e da cloaca de exemplares de jacarés-de-papo-amarelo (Caiman latirostris nascidos e criados em cativeiro no Parque Zoológico Arruda Câmara, localizado na cidade de João Pessoa - PB. As bactérias mais freqüentes foram Staphylococcus sp. (14,74%, Corynebacterium sp.(13,68%, Escherichia coli (13,68% e Shigella sp. (11,58%, e as menos prevalentes foram Citrobacter sp.(1,05%, Klebsiella pneumoniae (1,05% e Salmonella sp. (1,05%. Ressalta-se a importância da participação desses microrganismos em processos infecciosos (septicemias e em feridas provocadas por crocodilianos.

  2. Burnable gas concentration control device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Goto, Hiroshi; Sanada, Takahiro; Kuboniwa, Takao.

    1980-01-01

    Purpose: To provide connecting ports by doubling nitrogen gas injection pipes thereby to secure lengthiness of the device only by providing one nitrogen gas generator. Constitution: Nitrogen gas injection pipes are provided in two lines separately, and attachable and detachable connecting ports for feeding nitrogen gas connectable to a movable type nitrogen gas supply installation for the purpose of backing up the nitrogen gas generator. (Yoshihara, H.)

  3. Gas migration from oil and gas fields and associated hazards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gurevich, A.E.; Endres, B.L.; Robertson Jr, J.O.; Chilingar, G.V.

    1993-01-01

    The migration of gas from oil and gas formations to the surface is a problem that greatly affects those surface areas where human activity exists. Underground gas storage facilities and oil fields have demonstrated a long history of gas migration problems. Experience has shown that the migration of gas to the surface creates a serious potential risk of explosion, fires, noxious odors and potential emissions of carcinogenic chemicals. These risks must be seriously examined for all oil and gas operations located in urban areas. This paper presents the mechanics of gas migration, paths of migration and a review of a few of the risks that should be considered when operating a gas facility in an urban area. The gas can migrate in a continuous or discontinuous stream through porous, water-filled media to the surface. The primary force in this migration of gas is the difference between specific weights of gas and water

  4. Alaska gas pipeline and the global natural gas market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Slutz, J.

    2006-01-01

    The global natural gas market was discussed in relation to the Alaska natural gas pipeline project. Natural gas supply forecasts to the year 2025 were presented. Details of the global liquefied natural gas (LNG) market were discussed. Charts were included for United States natural gas production, consumption, and net imports up to the year 2030. The impact of high natural gas prices on the manufacturing sector and the chemicals industry, agricultural, and ethanol industries were discussed. Natural gas costs around the world were also reviewed. The LNG global market was discussed. A chart of world gas reserves was presented, and global LNG facilities were outlined. Issues related to the globalization of the natural gas trade were discussed. Natural gas imports and exports in the global natural gas market were reviewed. A chart of historical annual United States annual LNG imports was presented. tabs., figs

  5. Reducing the greenhouse gas footprint of shale gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Jinsheng; Ryan, David; Anthony, Edward J.

    2011-01-01

    Shale gas is viewed by many as a global energy game-changer. However, serious concerns exist that shale gas generates more greenhouse gas emissions than does coal. In this work the related published data are reviewed and a reassessment is made. It is shown that the greenhouse gas effect of shale gas is less than that of coal over long term if the higher power generation efficiency of shale gas is taken into account. In short term, the greenhouse gas effect of shale gas can be lowered to the level of that of coal if methane emissions are kept low using existing technologies. Further reducing the greenhouse gas effect of shale gas by storing CO 2 in depleted shale gas reservoirs is also discussed, with the conclusion that more CO 2 than the equivalent CO 2 emitted by the extracted shale gas could be stored in the reservoirs at significantly reduced cost. - Highlights: ► The long-term greenhouse gas footprint of shale gas is smaller than that of coal. ► Carbon capture and storage should be considered for fossil fuels including shale gas. ► Depleted shale gas fields could store more CO 2 than the equivalent emissions. ► Linking shale gas development with CO 2 storage could largely reduce the total cost.

  6. Marketing San Juan Basin gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Posner, D.M.

    1988-01-01

    Marketing natural gas produced in the San Juan Basin of New Mexico and Colorado principally involves four gas pipeline companies with significant facilities in the basin. The system capacity, transportation rates, regulatory status, and market access of each of these companies is evaluated. Because of excess gas supplies available to these pipeline companies, producers can expect improved take levels and prices by selling gas directly to end users and utilities as opposed to selling gas to the pipelines for system supply. The complexities of transporting gas today suggest that the services of an independent gas marketing company may be beneficial to smaller producers with gas supplies in the San Juan Basin

  7. Natural gas marketing and transportation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1991-01-01

    This book covers: Overview of the natural gas industry; Federal regulation of marketing and transportation; State regulation of transportation; Fundamentals of gas marketing contracts; Gas marketing options and strategies; End user agreements; Transportation on interstate pipelines; Administration of natural gas contracts; Structuring transactions with the nonconventional source fuels credit; Take-or-pay wars- a cautionary analysis for the future; Antitrust pitfalls in the natural gas industry; Producer imbalances; Natural gas futures for the complete novice; State non-utility regulation of production, transportation and marketing; Natural gas processing agreements and Disproportionate sales, gas balancing, and accounting to royalty owners

  8. Natural Gas Acquisition Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — The "NGAP" system is a web based application which serves NGAP GSA users for tracking information details for various natural gas supply chain elements like Agency,...

  9. Ole for Spanish gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Whitaker, D.

    1993-01-01

    Spain is a new gas market in Europe. Relative to other EC countries, gas use is still low at 6 million tonnes of oil equivalent (mtoe) or around 6 percent of total primary energy demand (TPED) in 1992 against an EC average of almost 20 percent. The historic reasons for this are Spain's lack of major domestic gas fields and the ready existence of alternative energy sources in the form of coal and hydroelectric power. But gas use is now growing fast, having more than quadrupled since 1980 and with usage predicted to double again in volume terms, rising to 12 percent of TPED by 2000. Only the low population density, which adds to distribution costs, is likely to stop Spain reaching the EC average. (author)

  10. Gas accretion onto galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Davé, Romeel

    2017-01-01

    This edited volume presents the current state of gas accretion studies from both observational and theoretical perspectives, and charts our progress towards answering the fundamental yet elusive question of how galaxies get their gas. Understanding how galaxies form and evolve has been a central focus in astronomy for over a century. These studies have accelerated in the new millennium, driven by two key advances: the establishment of a firm concordance cosmological model that provides the backbone on which galaxies form and grow, and the recognition that galaxies grow not in isolation but within a “cosmic ecosystem” that includes the vast reservoir of gas filling intergalactic space. This latter aspect in which galaxies continually exchange matter with the intergalactic medium via inflows and outflows has been dubbed the “baryon cycle”. The topic of this book is directly related to the baryon cycle, in particular its least well constrained aspect, namely gas accretion. Accretion is a rare area of ast...

  11. Gas in Europe: supply

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1994-01-01

    It is predicted that natural gas consumption in western Europe could rise by more than 55% over the next two decades, from 290bn cubic metres (cm) in 1991 to 450bn cm in 2010. This growth, projected by the consultants, Arthur D Little, reflects the environmental and economic attractions of natural gas, particularly in the power generation sector. Another consultant, Poten and Partners, predicts an even greater rise in gas consumption, from 301bn cm in 1992 to 482 bn cm in 2010. However, while demand is forecast to increase in all major European gas markets, indigenous production within Europe is expected to remain stable for the foreseeable future, with indigenous supplies projected to peak at approximately 350bn cubic metres per year (cm/y) in the late 1990s. This raises the prospect of significant supply constraints emerging in Europe. (author)

  12. Gas insulated substations

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This book provides an overview on the particular development steps of gas insulated high-voltage switchgear, and is based on the information given with the editor's tutorial. The theory is kept low only as much as it is needed to understand gas insulated technology, with the main focus of the book being on delivering practical application knowledge. It discusses some introductory and advanced aspects in the meaning of applications. The start of the book presents the theory of Gas Insulated Technology, and outlines reliability, design, safety, grounding and bonding, and factors for choosing GIS. The third chapter presents the technology, covering the following in detail: manufacturing, specification, instrument transformers, Gas Insulated Bus, and the assembly process. Next, the book goes into control and monitoring, which covers local control cabinet, bay controller, control schemes, and digital communication. Testing is explained in the middle of the book before installation and energization. Importantly, ...

  13. Gas breakdown in tokamaks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abramov, V.A.; Pogutse, O.P.; Yurchenko, Eh.I.

    1975-01-01

    The initial stage of the charge development in a tokomak is considered theoretically. It is supposed that all electrons produced in neutral gas ionisation process are in the regime of an almost continuous acceleration. The production time of a given electron density is calculated as a function of the neutral gas density and of parameters of the vortex electric field. The mechanism of plasma escape on walls is considered. It is shown that the escaping time is defined by a specific inertial flow of plasma and depends on whether chamber walls are metal or dielectric. The criterion of the gas breakdown in a toroidal system is formulated. The developed theory is shown to explain a strong dependence of the breakdown on the gas initial density [ru

  14. Gas flowrate measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boure, Madeleine.

    1978-05-01

    The main types of gas flowmeters, especially those which are used for laboratory measurements are reviewed. Modeling, design recommendations, calibration methods and expected accuracy are discussed for each flowmeter. Different types and trademarks are given in two tables [fr

  15. High Velocity Gas Gun

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    A video tape related to orbital debris research is presented. The video tape covers the process of loading a High Velocity Gas Gun and firing it into a mounted metal plate. The process is then repeated in slow motion.

  16. INFORMATION FOR GAS USERS

    CERN Multimedia

    Logistics Group

    2001-01-01

    The contractor for the supply and distribution of pressurised gases has drawn our attention to the large number of gas bottles and banks being stored on the site for increasingly long periods. Users are reminded that the rental charges for gas bottles and banks are based on a progressive rate depending on their period of use. To assist CERN in its efforts to optimise its operations in this field, you are kindly requested : to return empty or unused containers to the official gas distribution points as soon as possible, to try to limit reserve stocks, bearing in mind that standardised gases can be delivered within 36 hours. This will result in a higher turnover rate and in increased safety and will improve the availability of the gases. For all further enquiries, please contact Gas.Store@cern.ch by e-mail or call 72265. Thank you for your co-operation.

  17. Information for gas users

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    The contractor for the supply and distribution of pressurised gases has drawn our attention to the large number of gas bottles and banks being stored on the site for increasingly long periods. Users are reminded that the rental charges for gas bottles and banks are based on a progressive rate depending on their period of use. To assist CERN in its efforts to optimise its operations in this field, you are kindly requested: - to return empty or unused containers to the official gas distribution points as soon as possible - to try to limit reserve stocks, bearing in mind that standardised gases can be delivered within 36 hours. This will result in a higher turnover rate and in increased safety and will improve the availability of the gases. For all further enquiries, please contact "Gas store" by e-mail. Thank you for your co-operation. Logistics Group SPL Division

  18. Natural gas for vehicles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chauveron, S. de

    1996-01-01

    This article presents compressed natural gas for vehicles (CNG), which can provide considerable advantages both as an alternative fuel and as a clean fuel. These assets are not only economic but also technical. The first part deals with what is at stake in developing natural gas as a motor fuel. The first countries to use CNG were those with natural gas resources in their subsoil. Today, with a large number of countries having to cope with growing concern about increasing urban pollution, natural gas is also seen as a clean fuel that can help cut vehicle pollutant emissions dramatically. In the second part a brief technical descriptions is given of CNG stations and vehicles, with the aim of acquainting the reader with some of CNG's specific technical features as compared to gasoline and diesel oil. Here CNG technologies are seen to be very close to the more conventional ones. (author)

  19. Natural gas benefits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1999-01-01

    The General Auditor in the Netherlands studied the natural gas policy in the Netherlands, as has been executed in the past decades, in the period 1997-1999. The purpose of the study is to inform the Dutch parliament on the planning and the backgrounds of the natural gas policy and on the policy risks with respect to the benefits for the Dutch State, taking into account the developments in the policy environment. The final conclusion is that the proposed liberalization of the national natural gas market will result in a considerable deprivation of income for the State in case the benefit policy is not adjusted. This report includes a reaction of the Dutch Minister of Economic Affairs and an afterword of the General Auditor. In the appendix an outline is given of the natural gas policy

  20. Natural Gas Market Hubs

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — A hub is a physical transfer point for natural gas where several pipelines are connected. A market center is a hub where the operator offers services that facilitate...

  1. Soil Gas Sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field Branches Quality System and Technical Procedures: This document describes general and specific procedures, methods and considerations to be used and observed when collecting soil gas samples for field screening or laboratory analysis.

  2. Gas Transport in Bentonite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villar, M. V.; Gutierre-Rodrigo, V.; Martin, P. I.; Romero, F. J.; Barcala, J. M.

    2013-07-01

    The gas permeability of the Spanish FEBEX bentonite compacted at dry densities of between 1.4 and 1.8 g/cm{sup 3} with high water contents was measured for different confining, injection and back pressures. The results were compared with results obtained in previous investigations for lower degrees of saturation. It was checked that gas permeability was greatly affected by dry density, decreasing about three orders of magnitude when it increased from 1.5 to 1.8 g/cm{sup 3} for similar water content. The increase of water content caused also a decrease in gas permeability. It was found that both gas permeability and the relative gas permeability were mainly related to the accessible porosity. These relationships could be fitted to potential expressions with exponents between 3 and 4, as well as the relationship between intrinsic permeability and void ratio. For gas pressures below 1.2 MPa no effect of the injection or confining pressures on the value of permeability was detected. For a given confining pressure the permeability value decreased as the effective pressure increased, especially if the increase in effective pressure was due to a decrease in gas back pressure. It was checked that the Klinkenberg effect was not significant for this material in the range of pressures applied in the tests. The gas breakthrough pressure values in FEBEX saturated bentonite were determined for different dry densities. They increased clearly with dry density and were always higher than the swelling pressure of the bentonite. In high density samples gas flow tended to stop abruptly after breakthrough, whereas in lower density samples gas flow decreased gradually until a given pressure gradient was reached. The permeabilities computed after breakthrough (which usually did not stabilise) were inversely related to dry density. This would indicate that, even if the flow took place predominantly through preferential pathways that sometimes closed quickly after breakthrough and others

  3. Gas Transport in Bentonite

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Villar, M. V.; Gutierrez-Rodrigo, V.; Martin, P. L.; Romero, F. J.; Barcala, J. M.

    2013-01-01

    The gas permeability of the Spanish FEBEX bentonite compacted at dry densities of between 1.4 and 1.8 g/cm 3 with high water contents was measured for different confining, injection and back pressures. The results were compared with results obtained in previous investigations for lower degrees of saturation. It was checked that gas permeability was greatly affected by dry density, decreasing about three orders of magnitude when it increased from 1.5 to 1.8 g/cm 3 for similar water content. The increase of water content caused also a decrease in gas permeability. It was found that both gas permeability and the relative gas permeability were mainly related to the accessible porosity. These relationships could be fitted to potential expressions with exponents between 3 and 4, as well as the relationship between intrinsic permeability and void ratio. For gas pressures below 1.2 MPa no effect of the injection or confining pressures on the value of permeability was detected. For a given confining pressure the permeability value decreased as the effective pressure increased, especially if the increase in effective pressure was due to a decrease in gas back pressure. It was checked that the Klinkenberg effect was not significant for this material in the range of pressures applied in the tests. The gas breakthrough pressure values in FEBEX saturated bentonite were determined for different dry densities. They increased clearly with dry density and were always higher than the swelling pressure of the bentonite. In high density samples gas flow tended to stop abruptly after breakthrough, whereas in lower density samples gas flow decreased gradually until a given pressure gradient was reached. The permeabilities computed after breakthrough (which usually did not stabilise) were inversely related to dry density. This would indicate that, even if the flow took place predominantly through preferential pathways that sometimes closed quickly after breakthrough and others remained

  4. Gas chromatography in space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akapo, S. O.; Dimandja, J. M.; Kojiro, D. R.; Valentin, J. R.; Carle, G. C.

    1999-01-01

    Gas chromatography has proven to be a very useful analytical technique for in situ analysis of extraterrestrial environments as demonstrated by its successful operation on spacecraft missions to Mars and Venus. The technique is also one of the six scientific instruments aboard the Huygens probe to explore Titan's atmosphere and surface. A review of gas chromatography in previous space missions and some recent developments in the current environment of fiscal constraints and payload size limitations are presented.

  5. Gas dynamic laser device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Born, G.

    1975-01-01

    The gas dynamic laser device is provided with an expansion chamber arranged between a heating chamber for the CO-gas and the resonance chamber. The expansion chamber is initially evacuated for producing a rarefaction wave. Between the heating chamber and the expansion chamber there are arranged rapid release means such as a valve or a diaphragm. Pressure recovering means are connected to the other side of the resonance chamber

  6. Controlled humidity gas circulators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gruner, S.M.

    1981-01-01

    A programmable circulator capable of regulating the humidity of a gas stream over a wide range of humidity is described. An optical dew-point hygrometer is used as a feedback element to control the addition or removal of water vapor. Typical regulation of the gas is to a dew-point temperature of +- 0.2 0 C and to an accuracy limited by the dew-point hygrometer

  7. Gas gun dynamics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Denny, Mark

    2013-01-01

    The mechanics and thermodynamics of one- and two-stage gas guns are developed. Very high projectile muzzle speed can be obtained by the two-stage version. The physics of simple gas guns, such as air rifles, is accessible to undergraduates and the same level of presentation is used here to understand more complex designs. Numerical solutions to the equations of motion are shown, along with insightful analytic approximations. (paper)

  8. Residual gas analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Berecz, I.

    1982-01-01

    Determination of the residual gas composition in vacuum systems by a special mass spectrometric method was presented. The quadrupole mass spectrometer (QMS) and its application in thin film technology was discussed. Results, partial pressure versus time curves as well as the line spectra of the residual gases in case of the vaporization of a Ti-Pd-Au alloy were demonstrated together with the possible construction schemes of QMS residual gas analysers. (Sz.J.)

  9. Gas mission; Mission gaz

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This preliminary report analyses the desirable evolutions of gas transport tariffing and examines some questions relative to the opening of competition on the French gas market. The report is made of two documents: a synthesis of the previous report with some recommendations about the tariffing of gas transport, about the modalities of network access to third parties, and about the dissociation between transport and trade book-keeping activities. The second document is the progress report about the opening of the French gas market. The first part presents the European problem of competition in the gas supply and its consequences on the opening and operation of the French gas market. The second part presents some partial syntheses about each topic of the mission letter of the Ministry of Economics, Finances and Industry: future evolution of network access tariffs, critical analysis of contractual documents for gas transport and delivery, examination of auxiliary services linked with the access to the network (modulation, balancing, conversion), consideration about the processing of network congestions and denied accesses, analysis of the metering dissociation between the integrated activities of gas operators. Some documents are attached in appendixes: the mission letter from July 9, 2001, the detailed analysis of the new temporary tariffs of GdF and CFM, the offer of methane terminals access to third parties, the compatibility of a nodal tariffing with the presence of three transport operators (GdF, CFM and GSO), the contract-type for GdF supply, and the contract-type for GdF connection. (J.S.)

  10. Global gas company profiles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    This report provides a detailed assessment of 60 of the top gas companies form around the world, analysing them according to their internal dynamics and in relation to their competitors. It devotes each chapter to an individual company, providing invaluable insight into the organisation's operational background, financial performance and strategic goals. Using the most up-to-date information available, Global Gas Company Profiles allows you to make detailed analysis of each company's performance and future direction. (author)

  11. Gas from waste materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leroux, H

    1943-01-01

    Various efforts to produce fuel gas from waste materials by fermentation are reviewed. Although the thermal yield appears to be attractive (60%) in the formation of CH/sub 4/ + CO/sub 2/ from cellulose the process requires very large equipment owing to the slowness of the reaction. From 1 ton of waste, a daily production of 1 m/sup 2/ of gas (7700 cal) is obtained for 50 days.

  12. The Italian gas market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ferrari, A.

    2004-01-01

    The first meeting of the French gas association (AFG) of the year 2004 was devoted to the Italian gas market. Two experts of this market were invited: A. Ferrari, general director of the Italian gas and electricity regulation authority, and D. Dispenza, vice-general director of Eni Division Gas and Power. This conference was the occasion to compare the French and Italian gas industries. France and Italy have a border in common and also a series of common structural characteristics: the dependence with respect to foreign supplies, the position of the public company, the sensitiveness with respect to the security of supplies, to the role of storage and to the public utility. The French and Italian decisions are inter-dependent. The liberalization taking place with an unpredictable rate, it is necessary for the gas industry to anticipate its effects. When the political, legal and regulatory decisions are enforced, the initiative comes back to the hands of the industry. In this context, the trend of the transfrontier industries becomes particularly important for the regulatory authority. (J.S.)

  13. Gas strategies in Europe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Le Floch-Prigent, L.

    1992-01-01

    The different factors affecting gas supply and demand in Europe are examined and the strategies considered necessary to ensure a successful European gas market in the 21st century are outlined. A number of conclusions are drawn. Even though a significant rise in the total demand for gas in Europe is forecast, there are enough sources to cover this demand. However, to think that this gas will be available at cheap conditions is an illusion. These sources are located further and further away which means that their costs will increase. Given the risks inherent in exploring, producing, transporting and marketing these reserves, all the concerned parties must be allowed an acceptable rate of return on their investment. The environmental positive assets inherent in natural gas will guarantee the industry a bright future if they can be fully exploited. New regulations must not hinder the development of new markets or the construction of new infrastructures. The transit directive already permits the softening of the rules regarding transportation; but in order for it to come into real effect there must be gas available on the market. (author)

  14. Hanford gas dispersion analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fujita, R.K.; Travis, J.R.

    1994-01-01

    An analysis was performed to verify the design of a waste gas exhauster for use in support of rotary core sampling activities at the Westinghouse Hanford Waste Tank Farm. The exhauster was designed to remove waste gases from waste storage tanks during the rotary core drilling process of the solid materials in the tank. Some of the waste gases potentially are very hazardous and must be monitored during the exhauster's operation. If the toxic gas concentrations in specific areas near the exhauster exceed minimum Threshold Limit Values (TLVs), personnel must be excluded from the area. The exhauster stack height is of interest because an increase in stack height will alter the gas concentrations at the critical locations. The exhaust stack is currently ∼4.6 m (15 ft) high. An equipment operator will be located within a 6.1 m (20 ft) radius of the exhaust stack, and his/her head will be at an elevation 3.7 m (12 ft) above ground level (AGL). Therefore, the maximum exhaust gas concentrations at this location must be below the TLV for the toxic gases. Also, the gas concentrations must be within the TLV at a 61 m (200 ft) radius from the stack. If the calculated gas concentrations are above the TLV, where the operator is working below the stack at the 61 m (200 ft) radius location, the stack height may need to be increased

  15. Retained gas inventory comparison

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    BARTON, W.B.

    1999-01-01

    Gas volume data derived from four different analytical methods were collected and analyzed for comparison to volumes originally used in the technical basis for the Basis for Interim Operations (BIO). The original volumes came from Hodgson (1996) listed in the reference section of this document. Hodgson (1996) screened all 177 single and double-shell tanks for the presence of trapped gas in waste via two analytical methods: Surface Level Rise (SLR), and Barometric Pressure Effect (BPE). More recent gas volume projections have been calculated using different analytical techniques along with updates to the parameters used as input to the SLR and BPE models. Gas volumes derived from new analytical instruments include those as measured by the Void Fraction Instrument (VFI) and Retained Gas Sampler (RGS). The results of this comparison demonstrate that the original retained gas volumes of Hodgson (1996) used as a technical basis in developing the BIO were conservative, and were conservative from a safety analysis standpoint. These results represent only comparisons to the original reported volumes using the limited set of newly acquired data that is available

  16. Balance of plan gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1997-01-01

    An increment of 10% is observed, in the supply of the gas propane in 1996 being generated big expectations in the initiation of the Natural Gas program, these achievements in those that comes participating the private sector actively, have given to the plan gas a dynamics peculiar to the investments fundamentally in the exploration areas, production, transport and distribution, being configured in the country a transition phase for the use of this resource, characterized by the change from a state manager to a state regulator that even reflective holes and serious focus problems to allow a competitive handling of this industry. With the entrance in operation of the new platform in the Guajira at the end of 1998 and the production expectations in the opon Area, the possibilities are increased of gas supply for the short term, however in the medium and long term they think about queries before the uncertainty and opportune exploitation of the gas in the piedemonte llanero areas, for the recruiting problems that it is trusted, they will be overcome for benefit of the parts, with all the volume of proven and probable reserves of gas it shows a readiness for 35 years if they stay the production levels and it demands

  17. Cracked gas generator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abthoff, J; Schuster, H D; Gabler, R

    1976-11-17

    A small cracked-gas generator in a vehicle driven, in particular, by an air combustion engine has been proposed for the economic production of the gases necessary for low toxicity combustion from diesel fuel. This proceeds via catalytic crack-gasification and exploitation of residual heat from exhaust gases. This patent application foresees the insertion of one of the catalysts supporting the cracked-gas reaction in a container through which the reacting mixture for cracked-gas production flows in longitudinal direction. Further, air ducts are embedded in the catalyst through which exhaust gases and fresh air flow in counter direction to the cracked gas flow in the catalyst. The air vents are connected through heat conduction to the catalyst. A cracked gas constituting H/sub 2//CO/CO/sub 2//CH/sub 4/ and H/sub 2/O can be produced from the air-fuel mixture using appropriate catalysts. By the addition of 5 to 25% of cracked gas to the volume of air drawn in by the combustion engine, a more favourable combustion can be achieved compared to that obtained under normal combustion conditions.

  18. Drilling of gas and condensed gas wells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Geranin, M P; Chao, P L; Lomonosov, V V

    1981-01-01

    Cementing of boreholes drilled into underground gas fields and the requirements imposed on the grouting mortar are reviewed. Results are set forth from a study of the insulation capacity of cementing mortar used to increase the quality of reinforcements of boreholes at PKhG. Data are presented on the properties of different grouting mortars for boreholes at PKhG, including those that may be used at low temperatures. Information is also provided on the use of light mortar containing a CaCl/sub 2/ additive, grouting mortar with furfuryl alcohol added, and expanding grouting mortars.

  19. Hibernation and gas exchange.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milsom, William K; Jackson, Donald C

    2011-01-01

    Hibernation in endotherms and ectotherms is characterized by an energy-conserving metabolic depression due to low body temperatures and poorly understood temperature-independent mechanisms. Rates of gas exchange are correspondly reduced. In hibernating mammals, ventilation falls even more than metabolic rate leading to a relative respiratory acidosis that may contribute to metabolic depression. Breathing in some mammals becomes episodic and in some small mammals significant apneic gas exchange may occur by passive diffusion via airways or skin. In ectothermic vertebrates, extrapulmonary gas exchange predominates and in reptiles and amphibians hibernating underwater accounts for all gas exchange. In aerated water diffusive exchange permits amphibians and many species of turtles to remain fully aerobic, but hypoxic conditions can challenge many of these animals. Oxygen uptake into blood in both endotherms and ectotherms is enhanced by increased affinity of hemoglobin for O₂ at low temperature. Regulation of gas exchange in hibernating mammals is predominately linked to CO₂/pH, and in episodic breathers, control is principally directed at the duration of the apneic period. Control in submerged hibernating ectotherms is poorly understood, although skin-diffusing capacity may increase under hypoxic conditions. In aerated water blood pH of frogs and turtles either adheres to alphastat regulation (pH ∼8.0) or may even exhibit respiratory alkalosis. Arousal in hibernating mammals leads to restoration of euthermic temperature, metabolic rate, and gas exchange and occurs periodically even as ambient temperatures remain low, whereas body temperature, metabolic rate, and gas exchange of hibernating ectotherms are tightly linked to ambient temperature. © 2011 American Physiological Society.

  20. Drill string gas data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Siciliano, E.R.

    1998-05-12

    Data and supporting documentation were compiled and analyzed for 26 cases of gas grab samples taken during waste-tank core sampling activities between September 1, 1995 and December 31, 1997. These cases were tested against specific criteria to reduce uncertainties associated with in-tank sampling location and conditions. Of the 26 possible cases, 16 qualified as drill-string grab samples most likely to represent recently released waste gases. The data from these 16 ``confirmed`` cases were adjusted to remove non-waste gas contributions from core-sampling activities (argon or nitrogen purge), the atmospheric background, and laboratory sampler preparation (helium). The procedure for subtracting atmospheric, laboratory, and argon purge gases was unambiguous. No reliable method for determining the exact amount of nitrogen purge gas was established. Thus, the final set of ``Adjusted`` drill string gas data for the 6 nitrogen-purged cases had a greater degree of uncertainty than the final results for the 10 argon-purged cases. Including the appropriate amounts of uncertainty, this final set of data was added to the set of high-quality results from the Retained Gas Sampler (RGS), and good agreement was found for the N{sub 2}, H{sub 2}, and N{sub 2}O mole fractions sampled from common tanks. These results indicate that under favorable sampling conditions, Drill-String (DS) grab samples can provide reasonably accurate information about the dominant species of released gas. One conclusion from this set of total gas data is that the distribution of the H{sub 2} mole fractions is bimodal in shape, with an upper bound of 78%.

  1. Gas from the wall socket

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vermeer, B.

    1997-01-01

    A Dutch public utility (Obragas) introduces a new way to supply gas for their household clients in Helmond, Netherlands: the gas wall socket. The use of gas wall sockets must prevent the decrease of the market share for natural gas compared to the market share of electricity for households

  2. Gas Cylinder Safety, Course 9518

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Glass, George [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-10-27

    This course, Gas Cylinder Safety (#9518), presents an overview of the hazards and controls associated with handling, storing, using, and transporting gas cylinders. Standard components and markings of gas cylinders are also presented, as well as the process for the procurement, delivery, and return of gas cylinders at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL).

  3. The gas industry in Spain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jego, H.

    1999-01-01

    This short presentation of the Spanish gas industry looks at the industry's different players including Gas Natural, which controls almost all of the gas distribution in Spain. Natural gas, almost all of which is imported, accounts for an ever-growing share in the country's energy balance and has undergone great developments, particularly in industry and in thermal generating plants. (author)

  4. Development of gas and gas condensate reservoirs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-01

    In the study of gas reservoir development, the first year topics are restricted on reservoir characterization. There are two types of reservoir characterization. One is the reservoir formation characterization and the other is the reservoir fluid characterization. For the reservoir formation characterization, calculation of conditional simulation was compared with that of unconditional simulation. The results of conditional simulation has higher confidence level than the unconditional simulation because conditional simulation considers the sample location as well as distance correlation. In the reservoir fluid characterization, phase behavior calculations revealed that the component grouping is more important than the increase of number of components. From the liquid volume fraction with pressure drop, the phase behavior of reservoir fluid can be estimated. The calculation results of fluid recombination, constant composition expansion, and constant volume depletion are matched very well with the experimental data. In swelling test of the reservoir fluid with lean gas, the accuracy of dew point pressure forecast depends on the component characterization. (author). 28 figs., 10 tabs.

  5. GAS STORAGE TECHNOLOGY CONSORTIUM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robert W. Watson

    2004-10-18

    Gas storage is a critical element in the natural gas industry. Producers, transmission and distribution companies, marketers, and end users all benefit directly from the load balancing function of storage. The unbundling process has fundamentally changed the way storage is used and valued. As an unbundled service, the value of storage is being recovered at rates that reflect its value. Moreover, the marketplace has differentiated between various types of storage services, and has increasingly rewarded flexibility, safety, and reliability. The size of the natural gas market has increased and is projected to continue to increase towards 30 trillion cubic feet (TCF) over the next 10 to 15 years. Much of this increase is projected to come from electric generation, particularly peaking units. Gas storage, particularly the flexible services that are most suited to electric loads, is critical in meeting the needs of these new markets. In order to address the gas storage needs of the natural gas industry, an industry-driven consortium was created--the Gas Storage Technology Consortium (GSTC). The objective of the GSTC is to provide a means to accomplish industry-driven research and development designed to enhance operational flexibility and deliverability of the Nation's gas storage system, and provide a cost effective, safe, and reliable supply of natural gas to meet domestic demand. To accomplish this objective, the project is divided into three phases that are managed and directed by the GSTC Coordinator. The first phase, Phase 1A, was initiated on September 30, 2003, and was completed on March 31, 2004. Phase 1A of the project included the creation of the GSTC structure, development and refinement of a technical approach (work plan) for deliverability enhancement and reservoir management. This report deals with Phase 1B and encompasses the period July 1, 2004, through September 30, 2004. During this time period there were three main activities. First was the

  6. A comparative study of gas-gas miscibility processes in underground gas storage reservoirs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rafiee, M.M.; Schmitz, S. [DBI - Gastechnologisches Institut gGmbH, Freiberg (Germany)

    2013-08-01

    Intermixture of gases in underground gas reservoirs have had great weight for natural gas storage in UGS projects with substitution of cushion gas by inert gases or changing the stored gas quality or origin, as for the replacement of town gas by natural gas. It was also investigated during the last years for Enhanced Gas Recovery (EGR) and Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) projects. The actual importance of its mechanisms is discussed for the H{sub 2} storage in Power to Gas to Power projects (PGP). In these approaches miscibility of the injected gas with the gas in place in the reservoir plays an important role in the displacement process. The conditions and parameters for the gas-gas displacement and mixing have been investigated in previous projects, as e.g. the miscibility of CO{sub 2} with natural gas (CLEAN). Furthermore the miscibility process of town gas with natural gas and sauer gas with sweet gas were also previously measured and compared in laboratory. The objective of this work is to investigate the miscibility of H{sub 2} injection into natural gas reservoirs using a compositional and a black oil reservoir simulator. Three processes of convection, dispersion and diffusion are considered precisely. The effect of gas miscibility is studied for both simulators and the results are compared to find optimum miscibility parameters. The findings of this work could be helpful for further pilot and field case studies to predict and monitor the changes in gas composition and quality. In future this monitoring might become more important when PGP together with H{sub 2}-UGS, as storage technology, will help to successfully implement the change to an energy supply from more renewable sources. Similarly the method confirms the use of the black oil simulator as an alternative for gas-gas displacement and sequestration reservoir simulation in comparison to the compositional simulator. (orig.)

  7. Natural gas prices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Johnson, W.A.

    1990-01-01

    Since the 1970s, many electric utilities and industrial boiler fuel users have invested in dual fuel use capability which has allowed them to choose between natural gas, residual fuel oil, and in some instances, coal as boiler fuels. The immediate reason for this investment was the need for security of supply. Wellhead regulation of natural gas prices had resulted in shortages during the 1970s. Because many industrial users were given lowest priority in pipeline curtailments, these shortages affected most severely boiler fuel consumption of natural gas. In addition, foreign supply disruptions during the 1970s called into question the ready availability of oil. Many boiler fuel users of oil responded by increasing their ability to diversify to other sources of energy. Even though widespread investment in dual fuel use capability by boiler fuel users was initially motivated by a need for security of supply, perhaps the most important consequence of this investment was greater substitutability between natural gas and resid and a more competitive boiler fuel market. By the early 1980s, most boiler fuel users were able to switch from one fuel to another and often did for savings measured in pennies per MMBtu. Boiler fuel consumption became the marginal use of both natural gas and resid, with coal a looming threat on the horizon to both fuels

  8. Natural gas deregulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ronchi, M.

    1993-01-01

    With the aim of establishing realistic options for deregulation in the natural gas industry, this paper first considers the structural evolution of this industry and evidences how it differs from the petroleum industry with which it exhibits some essential characteristics in common. This comparison is made in order to stress that, contrary to popular belief, that which is without doubt good for the petroleum industry is not necessarily so also for the natural gas industry. The paper concludes with separate analyses of the natural gas markets in the principal industrialized countries. Arguments are provided to show that the 'soft' deregulation option for the natural gas industry is not feasible, and that 'total' deregulation instead, backed by the passing of a suitable package of anti-trust laws 'unbundling' the industry's four major activities, i.e., production, storage, primary and secondary distribution, is the preferable option. The old concept of guaranteed supplies for minor users of natural gas should give way to the laws of supply and demand governing inter-fuel competition ensured through the strict supervision of vigilance committees

  9. Canadian gas resource

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1989-01-01

    Canadian exports of gas to the United States are a critical component of EMF-9 (North American Gas Supplies). However, it has been noted that there are differences between US expectations for imports and Canadian forecasts of export supply capacity. Recent studies by the National Petroleum Council (NPC) and the US Department of Energy (DOE) indicate that 1.8 to 2.4 Tcf of imports may be required in the mid to late 1990's; A recent study by Canada's National Energy Board (NEB) indicates that the conventional resource base may not be able to provide continued gas exports to the US after the mid 1990's and that frontier sources would need to be developed to meet US expectations. The discrepancies between US expectations and Canadian estimates of capacity are of great concern to US policymakers because they call into question the availability of secure supplies of natural gas and suggest that the cost of imports (if available) will be high. By implication, if shortages are to be averted, massive investment may be required to bring these higher cost sources to market. Since the long-term supply picture will be determined by the underlying resource base, EMF-9 participants have been asked to provide estimates of critical components of the Canadian resource base. This paper provides a summary of ICF-Lewin's recent investigation of both the Conventional and Tight Gas resource in Canada's Western Sedimentary Basin, which includes both quantitative estimates and a brief sketch of the analysis methodology

  10. Gas turbine electric generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nemoto, Masaaki; Yuhara, Tetsuo.

    1993-01-01

    When troubles are caused to a boundary of a gas turbine electric generator, there is a danger that water as an operation medium for secondary circuits leaks to primary circuits, to stop a plant and the plant itself can not resume. Then in the present invention, helium gases are used as the operation medium not only for the primary circuits but also for the secondary circuits, to provide so-called a direct cycle gas turbine system. Further, the operation media of the primary and secondary circuits are recycled by a compressor driven by a primary circuit gas turbine, and the turbine/compressor is supported by helium gas bearings. Then, problems of leakage of oil and water from the bearings or the secondary circuits can be solved, further, the cooling device in the secondary circuit is constituted as a triple-walled tube structure by way of helium gas, to prevent direct leakage of coolants into the reactor core even if cracks are formed to pipes. (N.H.)

  11. Gas Exports in Turkmenistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vasanczki, Luca Zs.

    2011-01-01

    The Caspian region has been at the center of attention since Europe began seeking alternative routes to natural-gas resources. Turkmenistan has the potential to become an important gas exporter to Europe. As a landlocked country, Turkmenistan until recently has relied on post-Soviet pipeline infrastructures. The Central Asian republic has been at the mercy of Moscow's energy policy, which overlaps its foreign policy. At the same time, the revenue from gas exports is an essential part of the Turkmen national budget. This prompted Ashgabat to look for energy partners bypassing Russian territories. It started to convey natural gas first to Iran and then to China. This gave Turkmenistan strong leverage vis-a-vis Moscow. Ashgabat has not decided to export every gas molecule eastward, but, in jeopardizing its relations with Moscow, it expects more than empty pledges from Europe. On the other hand, a simple question emerges: Does Europe really need alternative sources? The answer is in the hands of Gazprom and Russian policy-makers

  12. Growth through gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Romney, G.

    1998-01-01

    This presentation focused on the strategies used by Texaco Global Gas and Power in their international marketing and business development. The company is a fully integrated mid-stream company with natural gas sales of 3.6 billion cubic feet per day and operating revenues of $3.6 billion. The company operates 1,116 miles of interstate gas pipelines and owns a dominant NGL export facility in Washington. They also generate 2223 MW of electric power. An additional 2428 MW are currently under development. In Colombia, Texaco supplies 90 per cent of the marketed gas. In Trinidad and Tobago, Texaco is in a 50/50 joint venture in the Dolphin field. Texaco also has a significant downstream presence in Brazil and is pursuing opportunities of the Gas Apertura in Venezuela. Key to the company's success are a defined strategy, dedication to the market place, alliances based on common interests and complimentary strengths, acceptance of greater risk and regionally based solutions. The bulk of the paper is devoted to describing the company's priorities and strategies in each of the Latin American countries. 5 figs

  13. Offshore gas comes ashore

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walters, W J

    1968-12-21

    The equivalent of 25% of present energy consumption is supplied by natural gas, but there is still much more work to be accomplished. Only 3 yr ago, the names West Sole, Leman Bank, Indefatigable, and Hewett were only significant to the North Sea fisherman as the names of proved fishing grounds. Now they are household words to almost everyone in the gas industry, if not the population at large. The estimate of the recoverable reserves from these 4 fields is under continuous review but the current figure is of the order of 25 million Mcf, sufficient to maintain an average withdrawal rate of 2,300 Mcfd for 30 yr. On shore, work is at present in progress on the development of the Lockton gas field in N. Yorkshire which has now proved to be capable of supplying about 1,000 Mcfd. The processes used and the plant installed off shore and at a terminal for gas treating vary according to the composition of the gas and the design philosophy of the operator. A flow sheet for a typical operation is given.

  14. Study on search of unknown materials. 1; Michi busshitsu no tansaku ni kansuru kenkyu. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-11-28

    This is No.92 report of National Institute for Research in Inorganic Materials, concerning search of unknown materials. Purposes of this study are to construct new chemical bond and reaction theory, to systematize the existing compounds, and to search and create the unknown materials, systematically. Structure prediction of electronic state was investigated by means of molecular dynamic method, to determine the electronic state and structure of multi-systems. For the magnetic semiconductors, interactions were investigated between the magnetic spin and electron or hole which is a carrier. The in-solid bond theory aims at clarifying the bond state of materials in which transition metal compounds and inter-electronic interactions are significant. Prediction of the electronic structure of unknown materials can suggest the design of new materials. In the fields of synthesis, design and synthesis of new inorganic ion exchanger and ionic conductor are investigated using Bi oxides and its related materials. There are a lot of compounds having various crystal forms for rare earth element oxides and transition metal oxides. To establish the system of material design, thermodynamics, phase equilibrium diagram, crystal structure, and physical properties of new materials were discussed. 168 refs., 127 figs., 44 tabs.

  15. Material cycling solar system modeled ecosystem; Seitaikei wo model to shita busshitsu junkangata solar system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sato, M [Hachinohe Institute of Technology, Aomori (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    It is proposed to establish an integrated system close to a natural ecosystem for an industrial complex, taking that in Hachinohe City, Aomori Pref. as the conceptual site. It is a system in which materials are recycled by solar energy and industrial waste heat for a complex food industry. The conceptual site, although blessed with various marine products, are sometimes attacked by cold weather. Waste heat from a 250,000kW power plant, if transported by EHD heat pipes to the site, could provide roughly 400 times the heat required for production of agricultural and marine products, such as cabbages and fish meat. The waste heat, coupled with solar energy, should solve the problems resulting from hot waste water, if they could be utilized for the industrial purposes. The food industrial site that produces agricultural and marine products is considered to be suited as the center of the solar industrial complex incorporating farms. 5 refs., 3 figs.

  16. Gas separation membrane module assembly

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wynn, Nicholas P [Palo Alto, CA; Fulton, Donald A [Fairfield, CA

    2009-03-31

    A gas-separation membrane module assembly and a gas-separation process using the assembly. The assembly includes a set of tubes, each containing gas-separation membranes, arranged within a housing. The housing contains a tube sheet that divides the space within the housing into two gas-tight spaces. A permeate collection system within the housing gathers permeate gas from the tubes for discharge from the housing.

  17. Methane gas from cow dung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1974-01-01

    The Khadi and Village Industries Commission offers a gobar gas (methane gas) production scheme. The gas plant, available in sizes of 60 to 3000 cu ft, requires only low maintenance expenditures. The cow dung, which is at present being wasted or burned as domestic fuel, can be used for manufacturing methane for fuel gas. The residue will be a good fertilizer for increasing food production. There are now about 4000 gobar gas plants in India.

  18. Gas, the energy for transition?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pigenet, Yaroslav

    2014-01-01

    The author describes gas as the less polluting fossil energy. He outlines that new gas fields have been discovered, notably non conventional gas fields. He notices that whatever conventional or not conventional, a gas field produces methane, and that there is therefore no difference for the end user. However, he notices that reserve assessments by the IAE are a matter of discussion, and that hydraulic fracturing has resulted in important environmental and human damages. Anyway, gas will be needed to face energy demand

  19. Arab oil and gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1993-01-01

    This review explains the situation of petroleum products and gas in Arab countries. Several kinds of difficulties are exposed: too many projects, concurrence of other producers like Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Norway, Russian Federation, will be rude. New exporters (Iran, Venezuela, Nigeria, even Alaska) will appear and will want a part of market and western countries will probably diversify their tradesmen. An other point is that producers overestimate future growth of worldwide demand or underestimate the impact of more expansive gas price on this demand. Inversely if this one is too low, several projects, would not be profitable. The last point is in the concurrence between gas and petroleum products, which needs a consistent policy

  20. Gas converter. Gaswandler

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eisenmann, A

    1984-09-27

    A gas converter is proposed for carbonisation gas containing hydrocarbons, consisting of a bricked shaft, which has a free combustion chamber and a solid bed of bulk grainy material with partly burnt hot carbonisation gases flowing through it as the lower boundary of this combustion chamber, in the upper part of which a hot reaction zone at about 1000 to 1200/sup 0/C is formed and which has a cracked gas extraction below the solid bed and an ash outlet. The solid bed is arranged at an angle to the vertical. The shaft has a solid material outlet for the bed material no longer capable of taking part in the reaction on the wall going obliquely downwards and a solid material inlet for new bulk bed material on the opposite wall going obliquely upwards.

  1. Gas detection system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Allan, C.J.; Bayly, J.G.

    1975-01-01

    The gas detection system provides for the effective detection of gas leaks over a large area. It includes a laser which has a laser line corresponding to an absorption line of the gas to be detected. A He-Xe laser scans a number of retroreflectors which are strategically located around a D 2 O plant to detect H 2 S leaks. The reflected beam is focused by a telescope, filtered, and passed into an infrared detector. The laser may be made to emit two frequencies, one of which corresponds with an H 2 S absorption line; or it may be modulated on and off the H 2 S absorption line. The relative amplitude of the absorbed light will be a measure of the H 2 S present

  2. Colorimetric gas dosimeter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    McConnaughey, P.W.; McKee, E.S.

    1984-01-01

    A gas dosimeter comprises a stack of porous sheets, impregnated with a reagent that changes color on contact with the gas to be determined, contained in a housing which has an opening to expose one end of the stack to the atmosphere to be tested. The gas to be determined penetrates by diffusion the layers of porous sheets, causing the sheets in the stack to change color sequentially from the end of the stack exposed to the atmosphere. The degree of penetration through the layers of porous sheets is a function of dosage exposure. The housing may be transparent with each superposed sheet in the stack being larger than the adjacent underlying sheet, so that each sheet is visible through the housing endwall

  3. Natural Gas Regulation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1995-01-01

    The regulation of Natural Gas. Natural gas Regulation clarifies and consolidates the legal and institutional framework for development of the industry through six principal elements: 1) Establishment of a vision of the industry. 2) Development of regulatory objectives. 3) Determination of relationships among industry participants. 4) Clear specification of the role of PEMEX in the industry. 5) Definition of the functions of the Regulatory authority. 6) Creation of a transition regime. In parallel with the development of the substantive legal framework, the law of the Comision Reguladora de Energia (CRE) was also enacted by Congress in October 1995 to strength the institutional framework and implement the legal changes. This law defines the CRE as an agency of the Energy Ministry with technical, operational, and budgetary autonomy, and responsibility for implementing natural gas industry regulation. (Author)

  4. Dry radon gas generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vandrish, G.

    1979-10-01

    A radon gas standard with a source strength of 120037 pCi capable of delivering 121 pCi of radon gas successively to a large number of cells has been developed. The absolute source strength has been calibrated against two radium solution standards and is accurate to 4 percent. A large number of cells (approxiiately 50) may be calibrated conveniently on a daily basis with appropriate corrections for sequential changes in the amount of gas delivered, and a correction for the growth of radon in the standard on successive days. Daily calibration of ten cells or less does not require these corrections. The standard is suitable for field use and the source emanation rate is stable over extreme temperatue and pressure ranges and over six months

  5. Radioactive gas processing device

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kita, Kaoru; Minemoto, Masaki; Takezawa, Kazuaki; Okazaki, Akira; Kumagaya, Koji.

    1982-01-01

    Purpose: To simplify the structure of a gas processing system which has hitherto been much complicated by the recyclic use of molecular sieve regeneration gas, by enabling to release the regeneration gas to outside in a once-through manner. Constitution: The system comprises a cooler for receiving and cooling gases to be processed containing radioactive rare gases, moisture-removing pipelines each connected in parallel to the exit of the cooler and having switching valves and a moisture removing column disposed between the valves and a charcoal absorber in communication with the moisture removing pipelines. Pipelines for flowing regeneration heating gases are separately connected to the moisture removing columns, and molecular sieve is charged in the moisture removing column by the amount depending on the types of the radioactive rare gases. (Aizawa, K.)

  6. Biological flue gas desulfurization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buisman, C.J.N.; Dijkman, H.; Wijte, G.; Prins, W.L.; Verbraak, P.; Hartog, H.A.J. den [Paper B.V. Blak (Netherlands)

    1995-08-01

    A new biological flue gas desulfurization process (BIO-FGD) producing sulphur as a by-product was invented by Paques BV and Hoogens Technical Services in 1993. Sulphur dioxide is absorbed from flue gas using a combination of a sodium based scrubber and two biological reactors, an anaerobic and an aerobic biological reactor. The article describes the process and its evaluation in a pilot plant at 2 MW scale, designed to remove 6 kg/hr SO{sub 2} of the 2 million m{sup 3}/hr of flue gas produced at the 600 MW coal fired power station Amer-8 situated in Geertruidenberg in the south of the Netherlands. Research so far has proved the process works successfully and at low cost. A second pilot plant due to start-up in May 1995 will provide data on scale up and further information on sulphur recovery. 5 refs., 5 figs.

  7. Town gas plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anastos, G.J.; Johnson, G.M.; Schapot, R.M.; Velez, V.G.

    1990-01-01

    Town gas plant sites are receiving increasing attention from the utility industry and regulatory communities. This attention has been prompted by greater environmental awareness of impacts due to past disposal practices and the understanding that gas plant wastes contain a wide range of chemical constituents that have persisted in the environment. This paper discusses the history of the town gas plant industry, the various processes utilized and the resultant by-products and wastes. Potential problem areas relating to these sites as well as potential approaches to site characterization are addressed. Included are recommendations for the phasing of site investigations and the use of relatively inexpensive and rapid field screening techniques to identify contamination

  8. Gas recovery process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schmidt, W.B.; Lewis, W.W.; Edmiston, A.; Klauser, G.

    1980-01-01

    In order to decontaminate a gas stream containing radioactive krypton, a preliminary step of removing oxygen and oxides of nitrogen by catalytic reaction with hydrogen is performed. The gas stream is then passed serially through a drier, a carbon dioxide adsorber and a xenon adsorber to remove sequentially water, CO 2 and xenon therefrom. The gas exiting the xenon adsorber is passed to a krypton recovery plant wherein krypton is concentrated to a first level in a primary distillation column by contact with a reflux liquid in a packed section of the column. The liquid and vapour collecting at the bottom of the column is passed to a separator in which the liquid is separated from the vapour. The liquid is partially evaporated in a vessel to increase concentration thereof and is brought to a concentration of approximately 90 mole % or greater in a second distillation column thereby enabling efficient storage of a radioactive krypton product. (author)

  9. Method of gas separation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weltner, W.W.

    1980-01-01

    In order to separate a mixture of gases having widely different partial pressures at a given temperature, a chamber is employed. A batch of gas mixture is passed into the chamber. The walls of the chamber are cooled by a refrigerant which passes through coils in heat exchange relationship with the walls. By this means the temperature of the chamber is cooled to a temperature (and held at such temperature until equilibrium is reached) at which all the components of the gas mixture have changed state, at least one being solidified and at least one liquefied. The liquid constituents are removed first. Then the chamber is warmed to facilitate removal of the previously solidified constituents. In an example, the gas mixture comprises nitrogen, argon, krypton and xenon, and the walls of the chamber are cooled by liquid nitrogen, the argon and nitrogen being liquefied and the xenon and krypton being solidified. (author)

  10. Natural gas's hottest spot

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Peterson, T.

    1993-01-01

    This paper reviews the growing power and economic strength of Enron Corp., a natural gas distributor and exploration company. The paper reviews the policy of the company to exploit deregulation at home and privatization of all sorts of energy companies abroad. Enron is actively building its own power plants in the US and has successfully boosted their profits by 20 percent in what was considered a flat natural gas market. The paper goes on to discuss the company's view of the new energy tax and how it should benefit natural gas companies as a whole. Finally the paper reviews the contracting procedures of the company to secure long-term fixed price contracts in a volatile market which precludes most companies from taking the risk

  11. 78 FR 11638 - Michigan Consolidated Gas Company, DTE Gas Company, DTE Gas Company; Notice of Petition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-19

    ... corporate name change from MichCon to DTE Gas, and pursuant to section 284.123 of the Commissions... Gas Company (DTE Gas) filed to institute a name change to both itself from MichCon to DTE Gas and to...

  12. Life-cycle analysis of shale gas and natural gas.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Clark, C.E.; Han, J.; Burnham, A.; Dunn, J.B.; Wang, M. (Energy Systems); ( EVS)

    2012-01-27

    The technologies and practices that have enabled the recent boom in shale gas production have also brought attention to the environmental impacts of its use. Using the current state of knowledge of the recovery, processing, and distribution of shale gas and conventional natural gas, we have estimated up-to-date, life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, we have developed distribution functions for key parameters in each pathway to examine uncertainty and identify data gaps - such as methane emissions from shale gas well completions and conventional natural gas liquid unloadings - that need to be addressed further. Our base case results show that shale gas life-cycle emissions are 6% lower than those of conventional natural gas. However, the range in values for shale and conventional gas overlap, so there is a statistical uncertainty regarding whether shale gas emissions are indeed lower than conventional gas emissions. This life-cycle analysis provides insight into the critical stages in the natural gas industry where emissions occur and where opportunities exist to reduce the greenhouse gas footprint of natural gas.

  13. Liquid natural gas. Japan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Van Kooij, E.

    1998-01-01

    An overview is given of the technical know-how and expertise in Japan with respect to the supply, transport, storage and use of LNG. First the overall energy supply in Japan is outlined. Next, the reasons for the use of LNG as an energy source in Japan are discussed. As an example of a typical LNG-installation in Japan the construction of the Himeji Terminal of Osaka Gas Company is described. Finally, attention is paid to the world's largest and modern below-surface LNG-tanks (capacity of 200,000 m 3 ), installed at the Negishi Terminal of Tokyo Gas Company

  14. Malaysia: oil, gas, petrochemicals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1990-01-01

    Petronas or Petroliam Nasional Berhad was established on 17 August 1974 as the national petroleum corporation of Malaysia. The Petroleum Development Act, passed by the Malaysian Parliament in October of that same year, vested in Petronas the entire ownership of all oil and natural gas resources in the country. These resources are considerable and Malaysia is poised to become one of the major petrochemical producers in the region. This report outlines the extent of oil, gas and petrochemicals production in Malaysia, lists companies holding licences and contracts from Petronas and provides a directory of the Malaysian oil industry. (Author)

  15. Gas separation membranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schell, William J.

    1979-01-01

    A dry, fabric supported, polymeric gas separation membrane, such as cellulose acetate, is prepared by casting a solution of the polymer onto a shrinkable fabric preferably formed of synthetic polymers such as polyester or polyamide filaments before washing, stretching or calendering (so called griege goods). The supported membrane is then subjected to gelling, annealing, and drying by solvent exchange. During the processing steps, both the fabric support and the membrane shrink a preselected, controlled amount which prevents curling, wrinkling or cracking of the membrane in flat form or when spirally wound into a gas separation element.

  16. Gas phase ion chemistry

    CERN Document Server

    Bowers, Michael T

    1979-01-01

    Gas Phase Ion Chemistry, Volume 1 covers papers on the advances of gas phase ion chemistry. The book discusses the advances in flow tubes and the measurement of ion-molecule rate coefficients and product distributions; the ion chemistry of the earth's atmosphere; and the classical ion-molecule collision theory. The text also describes statistical methods in reaction dynamics; the state selection by photoion-photoelectron coincidence; and the effects of temperature and pressure in the kinetics of ion-molecule reactions. The energy distribution in the unimolecular decomposition of ions, as well

  17. Gas dynamic lasers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hill, R.J.; Jewell, N.T.

    1975-01-01

    In a high powered laser system it is proposed that combustion gases be bled off from a gas turbine engine and their composition adjusted by burning extra fuel in the bleed gases or adding extra substances. Suitable aerodynamic expansion produces a population inversion resulting in laser action in the CO 2 species. Alternatively, bleed gases may be taken from the high pressure compressor of the gas turbine engine and an appropriate fuel burned therein. If required, other adjustments may also be made to the composition and the resulting gaseous mixture subjected to aerodynamic expansion to induce laser action as before. (auth)

  18. Special feature - Gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cope, David.

    1995-01-01

    In an introduction to a series of articles about the United Kingdom gas industry, the author criticises Government policy as being too full of assertions, yet lacking in substance. Despite agreeing with the proposition that free markets lead to the best allocation of resources and the best deal for consumers, the author argues that evidence for such assertions must be made public if citizens are to have any confidence in them. It is claimed that gas should be the subject of a Review, such as the coal and nuclear industries have recently undergone, in order to demonstrate its central importance to the United Kingdom power supply. (UK)

  19. Gas Chromatic Mass Spectrometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wey, Chowen

    1995-01-01

    Gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer (GC/MS) used to measure and identify combustion species present in trace concentration. Advanced extractive diagnostic method measures to parts per billion (PPB), as well as differentiates between different types of hydrocarbons. Applicable for petrochemical, waste incinerator, diesel transporation, and electric utility companies in accurately monitoring types of hydrocarbon emissions generated by fuel combustion, in order to meet stricter environmental requirements. Other potential applications include manufacturing processes requiring precise detection of toxic gaseous chemicals, biomedical applications requiring precise identification of accumulative gaseous species, and gas utility operations requiring high-sensitivity leak detection.

  20. Western Australian natural gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harman, Frank

    1994-01-01

    Western Australia has 80% of Australia's natural gas resources. These are currently exploited to supply the Western Australian market and LNG to Japan. Growth in the market is dependent on limited prospects for power generation and mineral resource processing. Future exploitation of gas resources will require new export LNG markets and/or the installations of a transcontinental pipeline to eastern Australia. The transcontinental option should only be considered after other options for energy supply in eastern Australia are eliminated. Competition to meet market growth in North-east Asia will be considerable and Australia lacks the policies to underpin future LNG capacity. (author)

  1. Gas tungsten arc welder

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Christiansen, D.W.; Brown, W.F.

    1984-01-01

    A welder for automated closure of fuel pins by a gas tungsten arc process in which a rotating length of cladding is positioned adjacent a welding electrode in a sealed enclosure. An independently movable grinder, co-axial with the electrode, is provided in the enclosure for refurbishing the used electrode between welds. The specification also discloses means for loading of the cladding with fuel pellets and for placement of reflectors, gas capsules and end caps. Gravity feed conveyor and inerting means are also described. (author)

  2. Natural gas technology

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Todaro, J.M.; Herbert, J.H.

    1997-01-01

    This presentation is devoted to a discussion regarding current and planned US fossil energy research and development for fiscal years 1996, 1997 and 1998. The principal focus of research in the immediate future will be: clean coal fuels, natural gas and oil exploration and production, especially reservoir life extension, advanced drilling completion and stimulation systems, advanced diagnostics and imaging systems, environmental compliance in technology development, regulatory streamlining and risk assessment. Program goals to 2010 were summarized as: increasing domestic oil and gas recovery; increasing recoverable reserves; decreasing cumulative industry environmental compliance costs; increasing revenues to the federal government; saving jobs in the U.S

  3. Elements of gas dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Liepmann, H W

    2001-01-01

    The increasing importance of concepts from compressible fluid flow theory for aeronautical applications makes the republication of this first-rate text particularly timely. Intended mainly for aeronautics students, the text will also be helpful to practicing engineers and scientists who work on problems involving the aerodynamics of compressible fluids. Covering the general principles of gas dynamics to provide a working understanding of the essentials of gas flow, the contents of this book form the foundation for a study of the specialized literature and should give the necessary background

  4. Role of stranded gas in increasing global gas supplies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attanasi, E.D.; Freeman, P.A.

    2013-01-01

    This report synthesizes the findings of three regional studies in order to evaluate, at the global scale, the contribution that stranded gas resources can make to global natural gas supplies. Stranded gas, as defined for this study, is natural gas in discovered conventional gas and oil fields that is currently not commercially producible for either physical or economic reasons. The regional studies evaluated the cost of bringing the large volumes of undeveloped gas in stranded gas fields to selected markets. In particular, stranded gas fields of selected Atlantic Basin countries, north Africa, Russia, and central Asia are screened to determine whether the volumes are sufficient to meet Europe’s increasing demand for gas imports. Stranded gas fields in Russia, central Asia, Southeast Asia, and Australia are also screened to estimate development, production, and transport costs and corresponding gas volumes that could be supplied to Asian markets in China, India, Japan, and South Korea. The data and cost analysis presented here suggest that for the European market and the markets examined in Asia, the development of stranded gas provides a way to meet projected gas import demands for the 2020-to-2040 period. Although this is a reconnaissance-type appraisal, it is based on volumes of gas that are associated with individual identified fields. Individual field data were carefully examined. Some fields were not evaluated because current technology was insufficient or it appeared the gas was likely to be held off the export market. Most of the evaluated stranded gas can be produced and delivered to markets at costs comparable to historical prices. Moreover, the associated volumes of gas are sufficient to provide an interim supply while additional technologies are developed to unlock gas diffused in shale and hydrates or while countries transition to making a greater use of renewable energy sources.

  5. Northwest Asia - gas market outlook: LNG vs. pipeline gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Keun Wook Paik

    1996-01-01

    The share of natural gas in Northeast Asia's energy mix is quite low despite that the region currently dominates the world LNG trade. In the long term, the region's rapid expansion of gas demand in the coming decades looks very likely, but the LNG dominance in the region's gas market will collapse in parallel with the introduction of a long distance pipeline gas. The most likely timing of pipeline gas introduction in Northeast Asian gas market seems to be during the second half of the next decade. (Author)

  6. Regulation of gas infrastructure expansion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    De Joode, J.

    2012-01-01

    The topic of this dissertation is the regulation of gas infrastructure expansion in the European Union (EU). While the gas market has been liberalised, the gas infrastructure has largely remained in the regulated domain. However, not necessarily all gas infrastructure facilities - such as gas storage facilities, LNG import terminals and certain gas transmission pipelines - need to be regulated, as there may be scope for competition. In practice, the choice of regulation of gas infrastructure expansion varies among different types of gas infrastructure facilities and across EU Member States. Based on a review of economic literature and on a series of in-depth case studies, this study explains these differences in choices of regulation from differences in policy objectives, differences in local circumstances and differences in the intrinsic characteristics of the infrastructure projects. An important conclusion is that there is potential for a larger role for competition in gas infrastructure expansion.

  7. The gas sector in Quebec

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Teixeira, G.

    2000-05-01

    Natural gas in Canada represents 29% of the primary energy and 42% of the energy used in the industrial sector. The biggest users are the manufacturing industries for which the low cost of natural gas and the quality of products resulting from its use represent a serious advantage in a more and more competitive market. This document takes stock of the situation of natural gas and gas-related technologies in Quebec. The first part recalls the historical evolution of the gas distribution network in Quebec and its present day situation. Then, some technical-economical data about the consumption of natural gas in Quebec are presented according to the sectors of use. The third part treats of the R and D activities linked with the gas sector, in particular the activities of the two main research organizations: the technical centre of natural gas and the research group in gas technologies of the Polytechnique school of Montreal. (J.S.)

  8. Life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions of shale gas, natural gas, coal, and petroleum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burnham, Andrew; Han, Jeongwoo; Clark, Corrie E; Wang, Michael; Dunn, Jennifer B; Palou-Rivera, Ignasi

    2012-01-17

    The technologies and practices that have enabled the recent boom in shale gas production have also brought attention to the environmental impacts of its use. It has been debated whether the fugitive methane emissions during natural gas production and transmission outweigh the lower carbon dioxide emissions during combustion when compared to coal and petroleum. Using the current state of knowledge of methane emissions from shale gas, conventional natural gas, coal, and petroleum, we estimated up-to-date life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, we developed distribution functions for key parameters in each pathway to examine uncertainty and identify data gaps such as methane emissions from shale gas well completions and conventional natural gas liquid unloadings that need to be further addressed. Our base case results show that shale gas life-cycle emissions are 6% lower than conventional natural gas, 23% lower than gasoline, and 33% lower than coal. However, the range in values for shale and conventional gas overlap, so there is a statistical uncertainty whether shale gas emissions are indeed lower than conventional gas. Moreover, this life-cycle analysis, among other work in this area, provides insight on critical stages that the natural gas industry and government agencies can work together on to reduce the greenhouse gas footprint of natural gas.

  9. Gas Tank for Cars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Lorenz

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In this work the development of a highly efficient pressure vessel for liquid petroleum gas (LPG in integral design is described. The pressure vessel can be customized in an optimal available installation space and thus means that the suitable for everyday use of existing modified cars or trucks can be increased.

  10. Gas-retorts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1920-07-10

    A vertical retort for the continuous distillation of coal, peat, shale, lignite, etc., is provided with a perforated gas withdrawal pipe in the upper part. The central part is surrounded by a heating-flue, and the lower part is provided with a conical discharging-screw mounted in a rotary water-pan.

  11. Polymide gas separation membranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Yong; Bikson, Benjamin; Nelson, Joyce Katz

    2004-09-14

    Soluble polyamic acid salt (PAAS) precursors comprised of tertiary and quaternary amines, ammonium cations, sulfonium cations, or phosphonium cations, are prepared and fabricated into membranes that are subsequently imidized and converted into rigid-rod polyimide articles, such as membranes with desirable gas separation properties. A method of enhancing solubility of PAAS polymers in alcohols is also disclosed.

  12. Gas phase pulse radiolysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jonah, C.D.; Andong Liu; Mulac, W.A.

    1987-01-01

    Gas phase pulse radiolysis, a technique which can be used to study many different phenomena in chemistry and physics, is discussed. As a source of small radicals, pulse radiolysis is important to the field of chemistry, particularly to combustion and atmospheric kinetics. The reactions of 1,3-butadiene, allene, ethylene and acetylene with OH are presented. 52 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab

  13. The future needs Gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carta Petrolera

    2000-01-01

    Colombia requires increasing its reserves, to export and to attract investment for this industry. A stable legal mark and rules of game clears they are the road to incentives the exploration and this way to develop the great gas potential of the country, prices and market, the key variables

  14. Venezuelan gas development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Michael, H.A.

    1994-01-01

    Petroleos de Venezuela, S.A. (PDVSA) is an international energy corporation wholly owned by the Republic of Venezuela. The steady expansion of PDVSA's natural gas infrastructure in Venezuela and the strong performance of its subsidiaries, has contributed to its operational and marketing flexibility, thus allowing it to evolve froma simple exporter of crude oil and refined products to an important supplier of Natural Gas Liquids (NGL) to the world's major energy markets. Corpoven one of PDVSA's affiliated Companies will in 1994 produce an incremental volume of 45 thousand barrels per day of natural gas liquids from the northern Monagas region. NGL exports are expected to increase from 175 thousand barrels day in 1994 to 232 thousand barrels day in 1988. At the end of 1992, another PDVSA subsidiary reached an agreement which calls for the exploitation of vast reserves of natural gas located in the Gulf of Paria, in northeastern Venezuela. The projected LNG production is in the order of 6 million tons per year. (author)

  15. Gas calorimeter workshop: proceedings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1982-01-01

    Gas calorimeters combining functions of energy measurement and fine tracking have become more and more popular in the past few years. They help identify muons, gammas, electrons, and hadrons within dense tracks from transverse and longitudinal shower development. Fine segmentation capability using pads and strips on the cathodes have made gas-sampling calorimeters very attractive for colliding-beam detectors where a large multiplicity of particles are detected in a projected geometry. Linearity, energy resolution, shower position resolution, multishower resolution, and calibration questions were discussed in detail at the workshop. Ease of energy calibration by monitoring radioactive sources, good gain uniformity, and gain stability obtained were among the topics of the speakers. There was a discussion session on the operation mode of wire chambers. Gas calorimeters have been used successfully at CERN, Cornell, Fermilab, and SLAC for experiments. Some of the results from those large-scale devices were reported. Future usage of gas-sampling calorimeters for colliding-beam experiments at Fermilab and CERN were discussed. Wire chambers using extruded conductive plastic tubes have made construction easy of pads and strips which can conveniently read out induced signals from the cathode. The results of extensive studies on such devices were discussed. Separate entries were prepared for the data base for the 17 papers presented

  16. Noble gas absorption process

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thomas, J.W.

    1975-01-01

    A method of removing a noble gas from air comprising the use of activated carbon filters in stages in which absorption and desorption steps in succession are conducted in order to increase the capacity of the filters is described. (U.S.)

  17. New King Gas?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feine, Paul.

    1997-01-01

    After describing how the natural gas market in the US has developed over the past 20 years under deregulation, the influence of the future market from political aspects is discussed. In particular the likely standards to be set by the Environmental Protection Agency on emissions from power plants and industry will be key. (UK)

  18. Opec's fratricidal gas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stauffer, T.

    1997-01-01

    The growing dependence of the world economy on natural gas has presented political problems to the OPEC states in terms of how to handle such exports within the oil quotes agreed between members. The impact in terms of relative gain or loss is presented for eleven OPEC members. (UK)

  19. Workshop on Gas Channels

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-07

    Effect of pressure on gas permeability. In Fish … Different channels or splice variants at different depth.  HRE (hypoxia-response elements): which...proteins unexpectedly have HREs . HIF-1.  Shear stress:  expression of NOS  Are different splice variants used under different conditions?  Size

  20. Gas compression infrared generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hug, W.F.

    1980-01-01

    A molecular gas is compressed in a quasi-adiabatic manner to produce pulsed radiation during each compressor cycle when the pressure and temperature are sufficiently high, and part of the energy is recovered during the expansion phase, as defined in U.S. Pat. No. 3,751,666; characterized by use of a cylinder with a reciprocating piston as a compressor