Effect on Tensor Correlations on Gamow- Teller States in 90Zr and 208Pb
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bai, C. L.; Sagawa, H.; Zhang, H. Q.
2009-01-01
The tensor terms of the Skyrme effective interaction are included in the self-consistent Hartree-Fock plus Random Phase Approximation (HF-RPA) model. The Gamow-Teller (GT) strength function of 9 0Z r and 2 08P b are calculated with and without the tensor terms. The main peaks are moved downwards by about 2 MeV when including the tensor contribution. About 10% of the non-energy weighted sum rule is shifted to the excitation energy region above 30 MeV by the RPA tensor correlations. The contribution of the tensor terms to the energy weighted sum rule is given analytically, and compared to the outcome of RPA. A microscopic origin of the quenching of GT sum rule is discussed in relation with the coupling to giant spin-quadrupole excitations by the tensor interactions.(author)
Gamow-Teller Strength Distributions for Some Magic Nuclei
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Necla ÇAKMAK
2014-12-01
Full Text Available The total Gamow-Teller strengths and their energy distributions for 96Zr, 96Sr, 54Ca, 28O, 24C and 14C have been obtained within the framework of Random Phase Approximation (RPA. The effective interaction potential has been described by considering the commutativity of the Gamow-Teller operator with the central part of the nuclear Hamiltonian.
Gamow-Teller Transitions in hot nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vdovin, A.I.; Dzhioev, A.; Ponomarev, V.; Wambach, J.
2007-01-01
A temperature dependence of collective nuclear excitations (giant resonances (GR) in particular) is a subject of theoretical and experimental investigations for many years. One of the reasons of this interest is that the GR properties at finite temperatures are quite important in understanding various astrophysical processes. For example, electron or neutrino capture on nuclei plays an essential role in the early presupernova collapse. In that context, it is important to know the dependence of the charge-exchange and/or magnetic resonance strength distribution from stellar media temperature. To study the problem, we apply the formalism based on the quasiparticle phonon model extended to finite temperature using the thermo field dynamics. Following the TFD prescriptions we have constructed a microscopic thermal Hamiltonian which describes collective vibrations in a hot nucleus. In this approach, the fragmentation of the giant vibrations at T≠0 is due to the coupling with thermal two-phonon configurations. The calculations are performed for selected nuclei from the Fe region. The Gamow-Teller strength distributions are calculated within the thermal RPA at different temperatures. Then they are used to study a temperature dependence of -decay rates for these nuclei in stellar media.
Pseudospin Symmetry and Forbidden Magnetic Dipole and Gamow-Teller Transitions
Ginocchio, Joseph
1999-10-01
Recently it has been shown that pseudospin symmetry has its origins in a relativistic symmetry of the Dirac Hamiltonian[1]. Using this symmetry we relate single - nucleon relativistic magnetic moments of states in a pseudospin doublet to the relativistic magnetic dipole transitions between the states in the doublet, and we relate single - nucleon relativistic Gamow - Teller transitions within states in the doublet. We apply these relationships to the Gamow - Teller transitions from ^39Ca to its mirror nucleus ^39K [2] and to the systematics of forbidden magnetic dipole transitions. 1. J. N. Ginocchio and A. Leviatan Phys. Lett. B 425, 1 (1998). 2. J. N. Ginocchio Phys. Rev. C 59, 2487 (1999).
On the energetics of the Gamow-Teller resonances
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nakayama, K.; Galeao, A.P.N.R.; Krmpotic, F.
1981-11-01
It is suggested that the energy difference between the Gamow-Teller and Fermi resonances is given, in units of MeV, by E sub(GT) - E sub(F) = 26A sup(-1/3) - 18.5 (N-Z)/A. The consequences of this result on the strenght of the spin and isopin dependent residual interaction, as well as on the effective axial-vector coupling constant, are discussed. (Author) [pt
Lorentz-Lorenz quenching for the Gamow-Teller sum rule
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Delorme, J.; Ericson, M.; Figureau, A.
1984-03-01
We investigate the modification of the Gamow-Teller sum rule brought in by nucleonic excitations. The general trend of the data is well reproduced. The value of the force which mixes nucleonic and nuclear excitations is discussed
Isospin symmetry of T-z=+/- 3/2 ->+/- 1/2 Gamow-Teller transitions in A=41 nuclei
Fujita, Y; Shimbara, Y; Adachi, T; Berg, GPA; Fujita, H; Hatanaka, K; Kamiya, J; Nakanishi, K; Sakemi, Y; Sasaki, S; Shimizu, Y; Tameshige, Y; Uchida, M; Wakasa, T; Yosoi, M
2004-01-01
Under the assumption that isospin T is a good quantum number, isobaric analog states and various analogous transitions are expected in isobars with mass number A. The, strengths of T-z = +/-3/2 --> 1/2 analogous Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions and analogous M1 transitions within the A = 41 isobar
A study of Gamow-Teller strength in A=37 nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aufderheide, M.B.; Bloom, S.D.; Resler, D.A.; Goodman, C.D.
1992-01-01
An analysis is made of the recent β+ decay measurements of Garcia et al., in order to see whether the 1981 37 Cl(p,n) 37 Ar measurements of Rapaport et al. are consistent with them. Garcia et al., were not able to determine the amount of Gamow-Teller strength in the isobaric analog state (IAS) or the Coulomb mixing of Fermi strength to a state near the IAS, and were forced to determine the amount of Gamow-Teller strength in the daughter 1371 keV state by making the branching ratios sum to unity. These uncertainties leave a range of possible values open which we investigate. We find that the experiments are consistent within part of this range. We also examine the effect of this range of allowed values on solar and supernova neutrino cross sections of 37 Cl and find weak dependence on the uncertainties described here. We discuss how this range can be narrowed so that the consistency of the two experiments can be conclusively tested
Gamow-Teller strength distributions for beta beta-decaying nuclei within continuum QRPA
Igashov, S. Yu.; Rodin, V. A.; Urin, M. H.; Faessler, A.
A version of the pn continuum QRPA is outlined and applied to describe the Gamow-Teller strength distributions for beta beta-decaying open-shell nuclei. The calculation results obtained for the pairs of nuclei (116)Cd-Sn and (130)Te-Xe are compared with available experimental data.
Observation of low- and high-energy Gamow-Teller phonon excitations in nuclei.
Fujita, Y; Fujita, H; Adachi, T; Bai, C L; Algora, A; Berg, G P A; von Brentano, P; Colò, G; Csatlós, M; Deaven, J M; Estevez-Aguado, E; Fransen, C; De Frenne, D; Fujita, K; Ganioğlu, E; Guess, C J; Gulyás, J; Hatanaka, K; Hirota, K; Honma, M; Ishikawa, D; Jacobs, E; Krasznahorkay, A; Matsubara, H; Matsuyanagi, K; Meharchand, R; Molina, F; Muto, K; Nakanishi, K; Negret, A; Okamura, H; Ong, H J; Otsuka, T; Pietralla, N; Perdikakis, G; Popescu, L; Rubio, B; Sagawa, H; Sarriguren, P; Scholl, C; Shimbara, Y; Shimizu, Y; Susoy, G; Suzuki, T; Tameshige, Y; Tamii, A; Thies, J H; Uchida, M; Wakasa, T; Yosoi, M; Zegers, R G T; Zell, K O; Zenihiro, J
2014-03-21
Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions in atomic nuclei are sensitive to both nuclear shell structure and effective residual interactions. The nuclear GT excitations were studied for the mass number A = 42, 46, 50, and 54 "f-shell" nuclei in ((3)He, t) charge-exchange reactions. In the (42)Ca → (42)Sc reaction, most of the GT strength is concentrated in the lowest excited state at 0.6 MeV, suggesting the existence of a low-energy GT phonon excitation. As A increases, a high-energy GT phonon excitation develops in the 6-11 MeV region. In the (54)Fe → (54)Co reaction, the high-energy GT phonon excitation mainly carries the GT strength. The existence of these two GT phonon excitations are attributed to the 2 fermionic degrees of freedom in nuclei.
Fujita, Y; von Brentano, P; Adachi, T; Berg, GPA; De Frenne, D; Fujita, K; Hatanaka, K; Jacobs, E; Nakanishi, K; Negret, A; Popescu, L; Sakemi, Y; Shimbara, Y; Shimizu, Y; Tameshige, Y; Tamii, A; Uchida, M; Yosoi, A; Zell, KO
A high energy-resolution B-11 (He-3,t)C-11 experiment was performed at 0degrees and an intermediate incident energy of 140 MeV/nucleon for the study of precise Gamow-Teller (GT) transition strengths. Two doublet states at approximate to4.5 and approximate to8.4 MeV were clearly resolved with a
Gamow-Teller strength in the β-decay of 36Ca
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Trinder, W.; Adelberger, E.G.; Janas, Z.; Keller, H.; Krumbholz, K.; Pfuetzner, M.; Rykaczewski, K.
1994-11-01
The β-decay of 36 Ca has been studied at the projectile fragment separator at GSI Darmstadt. The Gamow-Teller strength function B(GT), deduced from the observed β-delayed proton- and γ-emission and from the measured half-life of 102(2) ms, is compared to results obtained from large-scale sd-shell model calculations. (orig.)
Gamow-Teller transitions and proton-neutron pair correlation in $N=Z=$ odd $p$-shell nuclei
Morita, Hiroyuki; Kanada-En'yo, Yoshiko
2017-01-01
We have studied the Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions from $N=Z+2$ neighbors to $N=Z=$ odd nuclei in $p$-shell region by using isospin-projected and $\\beta\\gamma$-constraint antisymmetrized molecular dynamics combined with generator coordinate method. The calculated GT transition strengths from $0^+1$ states to $1^+0$ states such as ${}^{6} \\textrm{He}(0_1^+1)\\rightarrow{}^{6} \\textrm{Li}(1_1^+0)$, ${}^{10} \\textrm{Be}(0_1^+1)\\rightarrow{}^{10} \\textrm{B}(1_1^+0)$, and ${}^{14} \\textrm{C}(0_1^+1)...
Ab initio calculations of Gamow-Teller strengths in the s d shell
Saxena, Archana; Srivastava, Praveen C.; Suzuki, Toshio
2018-02-01
In the present work we perform a systematic shell-model study of Gamow-Teller transition-strength distributions in s d shell nuclei using ab initio effective interactions. The ab initio effective interactions are based on in-medium similarity renormalization-group and coupled-cluster effective interaction approaches. The aim of the present work is to test the predictive power of ab initio effective interactions by using the available experimental data of Gamow-Teller strength distributions in s d shell nuclei. We perform calculations for 20Ne→20F , 23Na→23Mg , 23Na→23Ne , 24Mg→24Na , 24Mg→24Al , 25Mg→25Al , 26Mg→26Na , 26Mg→26Al , 26Si→26Al , 27Al→27Si , 28Si→28P , 31P→31Si , and 32S→32P transitions. For comparison we also show the results obtained by using the phenomenological USDB Hamiltonian. The phenomenological USDB results of the Gamow-Teller (GT+ and GT-) strength distributions show reasonable agreements with the experimental data in comparison with the ab initio interactions. We also calculate the electron-capture reaction rates for 23Na(e-,ν )23Ne and 25Mg(e-,ν )25Na using ab initio and USDB interactions.
Shell-model method for Gamow-Teller transitions in heavy deformed odd-mass nuclei
Wang, Long-Jun; Sun, Yang; Ghorui, Surja K.
2018-04-01
A shell-model method for calculating Gamow-Teller (GT) transition rates in heavy deformed odd-mass nuclei is presented. The method is developed within the framework of the projected shell model. To implement the computation requirement when many multi-quasiparticle configurations are included in the basis, a numerical advancement based on the Pfaffian formula is introduced. With this new many-body technique, it becomes feasible to perform state-by-state calculations for the GT nuclear matrix elements of β -decay and electron-capture processes, including those at high excitation energies in heavy nuclei which are usually deformed. The first results, β- decays of the well-deformed A =153 neutron-rich nuclei, are shown as the example. The known log(f t ) data corresponding to the B (GT- ) decay rates of the ground state of 153Nd to the low-lying states of 153Pm are well described. It is further shown that the B (GT) distributions can have a strong dependence on the detailed microscopic structure of relevant states of both the parent and daughter nuclei.
Gamow-teller beta decay of 29Na and comparison with shell-model predictions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baumann, P.; Dessagne, P.; Huck, A.
1987-01-01
Gamma radiation and delayed neutrons following the decay of 29 Na have been studied in singles and coincidence mode with mass-separated sources at the ISOLDE facility. Evidence for a first excited state in 29 Mg at 54.6 keV has been found, in good agreement with theoretical predictions. From the lifetime, deduced from γ-γ delayed coincidences with BaF 2 counters, a transition strength is found for the 55 keV (1/2 + )→ g.s. (3/2 + ) transition. A level scheme built on the new state at 55 keV and involving five new transitions has been established for bound levels in 29 Mg. The features of these levels are compared with predictions of shell-model calculations, with which they substantially agree. In the neutron time-of-flight spectra, high-energy neutron branches have been found in addition to the previously reported decays. The observed distribution of the Gamow-Teller transition strengths with excitation energy for particle-unbound levels in 29 Mg is found to be shifted upward by about 1 MeV relative to shell-model predictions
Double Gamow-Teller Transitions and its Relation to Neutrinoless β β Decay
Shimizu, Noritaka; Menéndez, Javier; Yako, Kentaro
2018-04-01
We study the double Gamow-Teller (DGT) strength distribution of 48Ca with state-of-the-art large-scale nuclear shell model calculations. Our analysis shows that the centroid energy of the DGT giant resonance depends mostly on the isovector pairing interaction, while the resonance width is more sensitive to isoscalar pairing. Pairing correlations are also key in neutrinoless β β (0 ν β β ) decay. We find a simple relation between the centroid energy of the 48Ca DGT giant resonance and the 0 ν β β decay nuclear matrix element. More generally, we observe a very good linear correlation between the DGT transition to the ground state of the final nucleus and the 0 ν β β decay matrix element. The correlation, which originates on the dominant short-range character of both transitions, extends to heavier systems including several β β emitters and also holds in energy-density functional results. Our findings suggest that DGT experiments can be a very valuable tool to obtain information on the value of 0 ν β β decay nuclear matrix elements.
The beta-decay of 48Mn: improved data on Gamow-Teller quenching
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Szerypo, J.; Bazin, D.; Brown, B.A.
1991-01-01
Beta-decay studies of very proton-rich nuclides allow to investigate the phenomenon of quenching of Gamow-Teller transitions. A presentation of the experimental techniques is followed by the discussion of preliminray results of the measurements in comparison to shell-model calculations. A corresponding reinvestigation is discussed. A mass-separated 48 Mn beam was used from 12 C( 40 Ca,p3n) reactions. The 48 Mn decay spectroscopy was performed simultaneously in two beam lines of the mass separator. (G.P.) 13 refs.; 2 figs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Poirier, E
2002-12-01
Nuclei with A {approx} 70 along the N=Z line are known to be the scene of phenomena closely related to the nuclear deformation and are of particular interest since theoretical mean field calculations predict that a large part of the Gamow-Teller resonance might be located below the ground state of the mother nucleus and then be accessible through {beta}-decay studies. These results have shown the effect of the shape of the ground state on the intensity of the Gamow-Teller strength. Thus, the experimental determination, through {delta}-decay, of the Gamow-Teller strength distribution and the comparison to the theoretical predictions allow to pin down the quadrupolar deformation parameter of the ground state of the parent nucleus. In order to study the neutron deficient isotopes of krypton (A=72,73,74,75) and strontium (A=76,77,78) and to establish the {beta}-strength on the full energy range, a new total absorption spectrometer (TAgS) has been built in the frame of an international collaboration and installed at the (SOLDE/CERN mass separator. For the data analysis, the response function R of the spectrometer has been calculated by means of Monte-Carlo simulations, based on the GEANT4 code, and of a statistical description of the level scheme in the daughter nucleus. The {beta}-feeding distribution has been obtained from experimental spectra through a method based on Bayes theorem and then converted into Gamow-Teller strength. The results coming from the {sup 74}Kr decay analysis allow to describe the ground state of such a nucleus as the coexistence of an oblate shape and of a prolate shape. In the case of {sup 76}Sr, the experimental Gamow-Teller strength distribution strongly indicates a prolate deformation. (author)
Ratio of Gamow-Teller to Fermi strength observed in /sup 13,14/C(p,n) at 492 and 590 MeV
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ullmann, J.L.; Rapaport, J.; Lisowski, P.W.; Byrd, R.C.; Carey, T.; Taddeucci, T.N.; McClelland, J.; Rybarcyk, L.; Haight, R.C.; King, N.S.P.
1988-01-01
It has been recognized for a number of years that certain spin-isospin components of the nucleon-nucleus effective interaction can be inferred from (p,n) reactions to states of known nuclear structure. For L = 0, S = 0 and L = 0, S = 1 transitions, the 0-degree (p,n) cross section can be related respectively to Fermi and Gamow-Teller beta decay matrix elements. If these transitions occur in the same nucleus, the ratio of isovector spin-flip to non-spin-flip effective interactions can be measured without regard for absolute normalization. The best reaction to measure this is /sup 14/C(p,n) which goes by a pure Gamow-Teller transition to the 1/sup /plus// state at 3.95 MeV in /sup 14/N, and Fermi transition to the 2.31 MeV 0/sup /plus// state. This work extends the ratio measurements made at lower energies (ref. 1, 2, 3) to 492 and 590 MeV. We also report on the /sup 13/C(p,n) reaction which goes by a pure GT transition to the 3.51 MeV 3/2/sup /minus// state in /sup 13/N, but by a mixed Fermi plus Gamow-Teller transition to the 1/2/sup /minus// ground state. 11 refs., 4 figs., 2 tabs.
Fujita, Y; Fujita, H; Adachi, T; Berg, GPA; Caurier, E; Fujimura, H; Hara, K; Hatanaka, K; Janas, Z; Kamiya, J; Kawabata, T; Langanke, K; Martinez-Pinedo, G; Noro, T; Roeckl, E; Shimbara, Y; Shinada, T; van der Werf, SY; Yoshifuku, M; Yosoi, M; Zegers, RGT
Under the assumption that isospin is a good quantum number, symmetry is expected for the transitions from the ground states of T = 1, T-z = +/-1 nuclei to the common excited states of the T-z = 0 nucleus situated between the two nuclei. The symmetry can be studied by comparing the strengths of
Breaking of the SU(4) limit for the Gamow-Teller strength in N{proportional_to}Z nuclei
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Petermann, I. [Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Darmstadt (Germany); Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany); Martinez-Pinedo, G. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany); Langanke, K. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung Darmstadt, Darmstadt (Germany); Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, Institut fuer Kernphysik, Darmstadt (Germany); Caurier, E. [Universite Louis Pasteur, Institut de Recherches Subatomiques, Strasbourg (France)
2007-12-15
We have performed large-scale shell model calculations of the Gamow-Teller strength distributions in N{proportional_to}Z pf-shell nuclei. These calculations were motivated by the experimental attempts to measure the low-lying GT strength for the even-even N=Z+2 or N=Z-2 nuclei {sup 46}Ti, {sup 50}Cr, {sup 54}Fe and {sup 62}Ge, where a sizable low-energy GT strength could be interpreted as reminiscence of SU(4) symmetry; in the limit of exact SU(4) symmetry the GT{sub -} strength would be concentrated in a single transition to the lowest T=0, J=1{sup +} state in the daughter. We confirm that the SU(4) symmetry is strongly broken by the spin-orbit interaction and by increasing neutron excess. (orig.)
Gamow-Teller strength functions from (→p,→p') scattering experiments
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hausser, O.
1987-01-01
We present here recent (→p, →'p) results from TRIUMF that are relevant to the determination of spin-flip isovector strength functions in nuclei. Distortion factors needed for the extraction of nuclear-structure information have been deduced from cross sections and analyzing powers in elastic scattering for several energies and targets. Nonrelativistic optical potentials obtained by folding effective nucleon (N)-nucleus interactions with nuclear densities are found to overpredict both elastic and reaction cross sections, whereas Dirac calculations that include Pauli blocking are in good agreement with the data. Spin observables (S nn and A y ) for the quasi-elastic region in 54 Fe(→p, →p) at 290 MeV provide some evidence for the reduction of the effective proton mass predicted in relativistic mean-field theories as a consequence of the attractive scalar field in the nuclear medium. The energy dependence of the effective N-nucleus interaction at small momentum transfers has been investigated using isoscalar and isovector 1 + states in 28 Si as probe states. We find that the cross sections for the isovector transitions are in good agreement with predictions for the dominant Vστ part of the Franey-Love interaction. Gamow-Teller (GT) strength functions have been obtained in 24 Mg and 54 Fe from measurements of both cross sections and spin-flip probabilities S nn . The spin-flip cross sections σS nn are particularly useful in heavier nuclei to discriminate against a continuous background of ΔS = 0 excitations. In the (s, d) shell where full shell-model wave functions are available, the GT quenching factors (g A eff / g A free ) 2 ≅ 0.7 are in good agreement with those from recent (p, n) and (n, p) experiments. We show that a state-by-state comparison of (p, p') and (e, e') results has the potential of identifying pionic current contributions in (e, e'). The GT quenching factors in 54 Fe are smaller than in the (s, d) shell probably because of severely
Gamow-Teller resonances and a separable approximation for Skyrme tensor interactions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Severyukhin A. P.
2012-12-01
Full Text Available A finite rank separable approximation for the quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA with Skyrme interactions is applied to study properties of the Gamow-Teller (GT resonances in the neutron-rich Cd isotopes. This approximation enables one to reduce considerably the dimension of matrix that must be diagonalized to perform QRPA calculations in a very large configuration space. Our results from the SGII Skyrme interaction with the tensor interactions and the density-dependent zero-range pairing interaction show that the GT distribution is noticeably modified when the tensor correlations are taken into account. In particular, for 130Cd the dominant peak is moved 3.6 MeV downward and 10% of the GT distribution is shifted to the high excitation energy region near E=50MeV.
q-Gamow states for intermediate energies
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Plastino, A. [La Plata National University and Argentina' s National Research Council, (IFLP-CCT-CONICET)-C. C. 727, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Rocca, M.C., E-mail: mariocarlosrocca@gmail.com [La Plata National University and Argentina' s National Research Council, (IFLP-CCT-CONICET)-C. C. 727, 1900 La Plata (Argentina); Ferri, G.L. [Fac. de C. Exactas, National University La Pampa, Peru y Uruguay, Santa Rosa, La Pampa (Argentina); Zamora, D.J. [La Plata National University and Argentina' s National Research Council, (IFLP-CCT-CONICET)-C. C. 727, 1900 La Plata (Argentina)
2016-11-15
In a recent paper Plastino and Rocca (2016) [18] we have demonstrated the possible existence of Tsallis' q-Gamow states. Now, accelerators' experimental evidence for Tsallis' distributions has been ascertained only at very high energies. Here, instead, we develop a different set of q-Gamow states for which the associated q-Breit–Wigner distribution could easily be found at intermediate energies, for which accelerators are available at many locations. In this context, it should be strongly emphasized Vignat and Plastino (2009) [2] that, empirically, one never exactly and unambiguously “detects” pure Gaussians, but rather q-Gaussians. A prediction is made via Eq. (3.4).
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Neumann-Cosel, P. von; Byelikov, A.; Richter, A.; Shevchenko, A.; Adachi, T.; Fujita, Y.; Shimbara, Y.; Fujita, H.; Heger, A.; Kolbe, E.; Langanke, K.; Martinez-Pinedo, G.
2006-01-01
Some aspects of the importance of neutrino-induced reactions on nuclei within supernova physics are discussed. It is argued that important constraints on the experimentally unknown cross sections can be obtained from experimental studies of the nuclear response in selected cases. Examples are neutral-current induced reactions on fp-shell nuclei extracted from high-resolution inelastic electron scattering data providing the M1 strength distributions and the production of the exotic heavy, odd-odd nuclei 138La and 180Ta through charged-current reactions dominated by Gamow-Teller transitions. The Gamow-Teller strength can deduced from the (3He,t) charge-exchange reaction at zero degree
Gamow-Teller transitions and proton-neutron pair correlation in N =Z odd-odd p -shell nuclei
Morita, Hiroyuki; Kanada-En'yo, Yoshiko
2017-10-01
We have studied the Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions from N =Z +2 neighbors to N =Z odd-odd nuclei in the p -shell region by using isospin-projected and β γ -constraint antisymmetrized molecular dynamics combined with the generator coordinate method. The calculated GT transition strengths from 0+1 states to 1+0 states such as 6He(01+1 ) →6Li(11+0 ) , 10Be(01+1 ) →10B(11+0 ) , and 14C(01+1 ) →14N(12+0 ) exhaust more than 50% of the sum rule. These N =Z +2 initial states and N =Z odd-odd final states are found to dominantly have S =0 ,T =1 n n pairs and S =1 ,T =0 p n pairs, respectively. Based on the two-nucleon (N N ) pair picture, we can understand the concentration of the GT strengths as the spin-isospin-flip transition n n (S =0 ,T =1 )→p n (S =1 ,T =0 ) in L S coupling. The GT transition can be a good probe to identify the spin-isospin partner states with n n pairs and p n pairs of N =Z +2 and N =Z odd-odd nuclei, respectively.
Beyond mean-field description of Gamow-Teller resonances and β-decay
Niu, Yifei; Colò, Gianluca; Vigezzi, Enrico; Bai, Chunlin; Niu, Zhongming; Sagawa, Hiroyuki
2018-02-01
β-decay half-lives set the time scale of the rapid neutron capture process, and are therefore essential for understanding the origin of heavy elements in the universe. The random-phase approximation (RPA) based on Skyrme energy density functionals is widely used to calculate the properties of Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions, which play a dominant role in β-decay half-lives. However, the RPA model has its limitations in reproducing the resonance width and often overestimates β-decay half-lives. To overcome these problems, effects beyond mean-field can be included on top of the RPA model. In particular, this can be obtained by taking into account the particle-vibration coupling (PVC). Within the RPA+PVC model, we successfully reproduce the experimental GT resonance width and β-decay half-lives in magic nuclei. We then extend the formalism to superfluid nuclei and apply it to the GT resonance in 120Sn, obtaining a good reproduction of the experimental strength distribution. The effect of isoscalar pairing is also discussed.
Gamow-Teller transitions and neutron-proton-pair transfer reactions
Van Isacker, P.; Macchiavelli, A. O.
2018-05-01
We propose a schematic model of nucleons moving in spin-orbit partner levels, j = l ±1/2, to explain Gamow-Teller and two-nucleon transfer data in N = Z nuclei above 40Ca. Use of the LS coupling scheme provides a more transparent approach to interpret the structure and reaction data. We apply the model to the analysis of charge-exchange, 42Ca(3He,t)42Sc, and np-transfer, 40Ca(3He,p)42Sc, reactions data to define the elementary modes of excitation in terms of both isovector and isoscalar pairs, whose properties can be determined by adjusting the parameters of the model (spin-orbit splitting, isovector pairing strength and quadrupole matrix element) to the available data. The overall agreement with experiment suggests that the approach captures the main physics ingredients and provides the basis for a boson approximation that can be extended to heavier nuclei. Our analysis also reveals that the SU(4)-symmetry limit is not realized in 42Sc.
High-resolution study of Gamow-Teller transitions in the 47Ti(3He,t)47V reaction
Ganioǧlu, E.; Fujita, H.; Fujita, Y.; Adachi, T.; Algora, A.; Csatlós, M.; Deaven, J. M.; Estevez-Aguado, E.; Guess, C. J.; Gulyás, J.; Hatanaka, K.; Hirota, K.; Honma, M.; Ishikawa, D.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Matsubara, H.; Meharchand, R.; Molina, F.; Okamura, H.; Ong, H. J.; Otsuka, T.; Perdikakis, G.; Rubio, B.; Scholl, C.; Shimbara, Y.; Susoy, G.; Suzuki, T.; Tamii, A.; Thies, J. H.; Zegers, R. G. T.; Zenihiro, J.
2013-01-01
Given the importance of Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions in nuclear structure and astrophysical nuclear processes, we have studied Tz=+3/2→+1/2, GT transitions starting from the 47Ti nucleus in the (3He,t) charge-exchange reaction at 0∘ and at an intermediate incident energy of 140 MeV/nucleon. The experiments were carried out at the Research Center for Nuclear Physics (RCNP), Osaka, using the high-resolution facility with a high-dispersion beam line and the Grand-Raiden spectrometer. With an energy resolution of 20 keV, individual GT transitions were observed and GT strength was derived for each state populated up to an excitation energy (Ex) of 12.5 MeV. The GT strength was widely distributed from low excitation energy up to 12.5 MeV, where we had to stop the analysis because of the high level density. The distribution of the GT strengths was compared with the results of shell model calculations using the GXPF1 interaction. The calculations could reproduce the experimental GT distributions well. The GT transitions from the ground state of 47Ti and the M1 transitions from the isobaric analog state in 47V to the same low-lying states in 47V are analogous. It was found that the ratios of GT transition strengths to the ground state, the 0.088-MeV state, and the 0.146-MeV state are similar to the ratios of the strengths of the analogous M1 transitions from the isobaric analog state (IAS) to these states. The measured distribution of the GT strengths was also compared with those starting from the Tz=+3/2 nucleus 41K to the Tz=+1/2 nucleus 41Ca.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brown, B.A.; Wildenthal, B.H.
1983-01-01
The magnetic dipole moments of states in mirror pairs of the sd-shell nuclei and the strengths of the Gamow-Teller beta decays which connect them are compared with predictions based on mixed-configuration shell-model wave functions. From this analysis we extract the average effective values of the single-particle matrix elements of the l, s, and [Y/sup( 2 )xs]/sup( 1 ) components of the M1 and Gamow-Teller operators acting on nucleons in the 0d/sub 5/2/, 1s/sub 1/2/, and 0d/sub 3/2/ orbits. These results are compared with the recent calculations by Towner and Khanna of the corrections to the free-nucleon values of these matrix elements which arise from the effects of isobar currents, mesonic-exchange currents, and mixing with configurations outside the sd shell
Ha, Eunja; Cheoun, Myung-Ki
2015-02-01
The deformed proton-neutron quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA) has been developed and applied to evaluate Gamow-Teller (GT) transition strength distributions, including high-lying excited states. The data of high-lying excited states are recently available beyond one or two nucleon threshold by charge exchange reactions using hundreds of MeV projectiles. Our calculations started with single-particle states calculated using a deformed, axially symmetric Woods-Saxon potential. The neutron-neutron and proton-proton pairing correlations are explicitly taken into account at the deformed Bardeen-Cooper-Schriffer theory. Additionally, the ground state correlations and two-particle and two-hole mixing states were included in the deformed QRPA. In this work, we used a realistic two-body interaction, given by the Brueckner G-matrix based on the CD Bonn potential to reduce the ambiguity on the nucleon-nucleon interactions inside nuclei. We applied our formalism to the GT transition strengths for 76Ge, 76,82Se, and 90,92Zr, and compared the results with the available experimental data. The GT strength distributions were sensitive to the deformation parameter as well as its sign, i.e., oblate or prolate. The Ikeda sum rule, which is usually thought to be satisfied under the one-body current approximation, regardless of nucleon models, was used to test our numerical calculations and shown to be satisfied without introducing the quenching factor, if high-lying GT excited states were properly taken into account. Most of the GT strength distributions of the nuclei considered in this work have the high-lying GT excited states beyond one-nucleon threshold, which are shown to be consistent with the available experimental data.
Isospin symmetry of Tz =±3/2→±1/2 Gamow-Teller transitions in A=41 nuclei
Fujita, Y.; Shimbara, Y.; Adachi, T.; Berg, G. P.; Brown, B. A.; Fujita, H.; Hatanaka, K.; Kamiya, J.; Nakanishi, K.; Sakemi, Y.; Sasaki, S.; Shimizu, Y.; Tameshige, Y.; Uchida, M.; Wakasa, T.; Yosoi, M.
2004-11-01
Under the assumption that isospin T is a good quantum number, isobaric analog states and various analogous transitions are expected in isobars with mass number A . The strengths of Tz =±3/2→±1/2 analogous Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions and analogous M1 transitions within the A=41 isobar quartet are compared in detail. The Tz =+3/2→+1/2 GT transitions from the Jπ = 3/2+ ground state of 41K leading to excited Jπ = 1/2+ , 3/2+ , and 5/2+ states in 41Ca were measured using the ( 3He ,t) charge-exchange reaction. With a high energy resolution of 35 keV , many fragmented states were observed, and the GT strength distribution was determined up to 10 MeV excitation energy ( Ex ) . The main part of the strength was concentrated in the Ex =4 6 MeV region. A shell-model calculation could reproduce the concentration, but not so well details of the strength distribution. The obtained distribution was further compared with two results of 41Ti β decay studying the analogous Tz =-3/2→-1/2 GT strengths. They reported contradicting distributions. One-to-one correspondences of analogous transitions and analog states were assigned up to Ex =6 MeV in the comparison with one of these 41Ti β -decay results. Combining the spectroscopic information of the analog states in 41Ca and 41Sc , the most probable Jπ values were deduced for each pair of analog states. It was found that 5/2+ states carry the main part of the observed GT strength, while much less GT strength was carried by 1/2+ and 3/2+ states. The gross features of the GT strength distributions for each J were similar for the isospin analogous Tz =±3/2→±1/2 transitions, but the details were somewhat different. From the difference of the distributions, isospin-asymmetry matrix elements of ≈8 keV were deduced. The Coulomb displacement energy, which is sensitive to the configuration of states, showed a sudden increase of about 50 keV at the excitation energy of 3.8 MeV . The strengths of several M1 transitions to the
Konieczka, M.; Kortelainen, M.; Satuła, W.
2018-03-01
Background: The atomic nucleus is a unique laboratory in which to study fundamental aspects of the electroweak interaction. This includes a question concerning in medium renormalization of the axial-vector current, which still lacks satisfactory explanation. Study of spin-isospin or Gamow-Teller (GT) response may provide valuable information on both the quenching of the axial-vector coupling constant as well as on nuclear structure and nuclear astrophysics. Purpose: We have performed a seminal calculation of the GT response by using the no-core configuration-interaction approach rooted in multireference density functional theory (DFT-NCCI). The model treats properly isospin and rotational symmetries and can be applied to calculate both the nuclear spectra and transition rates in atomic nuclei, irrespectively of their mass and particle-number parity. Methods: The DFT-NCCI calculation proceeds as follows: First, one builds a configuration space by computing relevant, for a given physical problem, (multi)particle-(multi)hole Slater determinants. Next, one applies the isospin and angular-momentum projections and performs the isospin and K mixing in order to construct a model space composed of linearly dependent states of good angular momentum. Eventually, one mixes the projected states by solving the Hill-Wheeler-Griffin equation. Results: The method is applied to compute the GT strength distribution in selected N ≈Z nuclei including the p -shell 8Li and 8Be nuclei and the s d -shell well-deformed nucleus 24Mg. In order to demonstrate a flexibility of the approach we present also a calculation of the superallowed GT β decay in doubly-magic spherical 100Sn and the low-spin spectrum in 100In. Conclusions: It is demonstrated that the DFT-NCCI model is capable of capturing the GT response satisfactorily well by using a relatively small configuration space, exhausting simultaneously the GT sum rule. The model, due to its flexibility and broad range of applicability, may
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Deloncle, I. [CSNSM, CNRS et Universite Paris-Sud, Orsay (France); CEA, DAM, DIF, Arpajon (France); Peru, S. [CEA, DAM, DIF, Arpajon (France); Martini, M. [ESNT, CEA-Saclay, DSM, Irfu, Service de Physique Nucleaire, Gif-sur-Yvette (France)
2017-08-15
In this paper we present theoretical results on the dipole response in the proton spin-saturated {sup 90-94}Zr isotopes. The electric and magnetic dipole excitations are obtained in Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov plus Quasi-particle Random Phase Approximation (QRPA) calculations performed with the D1M Gogny force. A pnQRPA charge exchange code is used to study the Gamow-Teller response. The results on the pygmy, the giant dipole resonances as well as those on the magnetic nuclear spin-flip excitation and the Gamow-Teller transitions are compared with available experimental or theoretical information. In our approach, the proton pairing plays a role in the phonon excitations, in particular in the M1 nuclear spin-flip resonance. (orig.)
Jordan blocks and Gamow-Jordan eigenfunctions associated with a degeneracy of unbound states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hernandez, E.; Mondragon, A.; Jauregui, A.
2003-01-01
An accidental degeneracy of unbound states gives rise to a double pole in the scattering matrix, a double zero in the Jost function, and a Jordan chain of length 2 of generalized Gamow-Jordan eigenfunctions of the radial Schroedinger equation. The generalized Gamow-Jordan eigenfunctions are basis elements of an expansion in bound- and resonant-state energy eigenfunctions plus a continuum of scattering wave functions of a complex wave number. In this biorthonormal basis, any operator f(H r (l) ) which is a regular function of the Hamiltonian is represented by a complex matrix that is diagonal except for a Jordan block of rank 2. The occurrence of a double pole in the Green's function, as well as the non exponential time evolution of the Gamow-Jordan generalized eigenfunctions are associated with the Jordan block in the complex energy representation
Semi-classical behavior of Poschl-Teller coherent states
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Bergeron, H.; Gazeau, J.P.; Siegl, Petr; Youssef, A.
2010-01-01
Roč. 92, č. 6 (2010), s. 60003 ISSN 0295-5075 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC06002 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505 Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : coherent states * Pöschl-Teller potential * quantization Subject RIV: BE - Theoretical Physics Impact factor: 2.753, year: 2010
Gamow-Teller matrix elements from the C-12(d,He-2) and Mg-24(d,He-2) reactions at 170 MeV
Baumer, C; Frekers, D; Schmidt, R; van den Berg, AM; Hannen, VM; Harakeh, MN; de Huu, MA; Wörtche, HJ; De Frenne, D; Hagemann, M; Heyse, J; Jacobs, E; Fujita, Y
The Mg-24(d,He-2)Na-24 and the C-12(d,He-2)B-12 charge-exchange reactions have been studied at an incident energy of 170 MeV. The two protons in the S-1(0)(pp) state (indicated as He-2) were both momentum analyzed and detected by the same spectrometer and detector. Background-free He-2 spectra with
Molecular Jahn-Teller resonance states as possible antecedents to magnetism in the Fe group
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Abell, G.C.
1980-01-01
This article gives a microscopic description of magnetism in the Fe group, based on tetratomic spin-polarized Jahn-Teller resonance states. Ferromagnetism is due to Hund's-rule intra-atomic exchange coupling between molecular magnetic states having a common atom. Magnetic anisotropy is determined by the molecular symmetry axis of the resonance state
Time evolution of linear and generalized Heisenberg algebra nonlinear Pöschl-Teller coherent states
Rego-Monteiro, M. A.; Curado, E. M. F.; Rodrigues, Ligia M. C. S.
2017-11-01
We analyze the time evolution of two kinds of coherent states for a particle in a Pöschl-Teller potential. We find a pair of canonically conjugate operators and compare the behavior of their time evolution for both coherent states. The nonlinear ones are more localized. The trajectory in the phase space of the mean values of these two operators is a kind of generalization of the Rose algebraic curves. The new pair of canonically conjugate variables leads to a fourth-order Schrödinger equation which has the same energy spectrum as the Pöschl-Teller system.
New SUSYQM coherent states for Pöschl-Teller potentials: a detailed mathematical analysis
Bergeron, H.; Siegl, P.; Youssef, A.
2012-06-01
In a recent short note (Bergeron et al 2010 Europhys. Lett. 92 60003), we have presented the good properties of a new family of semi-classical states for Pöschl-Teller potentials. These states are built from a supersymmetric quantum mechanics (SUSYQM) approach and the parameters of these ‘coherent’ states are points in the classical phase space. In this paper, we develop all the mathematical aspects that have been left out of the previous paper (proof of the resolution of unity, detailed calculations of the quantized version of classical observables and mathematical study of the resulting operators: problems of domains, self-adjointness or self-adjoint extensions). Some additional questions such as asymptotic behavior are also studied. Moreover, the framework is extended to a larger class of Pöschl-Teller potentials. This article is part of a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical devoted to ‘Coherent states: mathematical and physical aspects’.
Edward Teller Biographical Memoir
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Libby, S B; Sessler, A M
2009-07-27
Edward Teller died on September 9, 2003 in Stanford, California at the age of 95. He was both one of the great theoretical physicists of the twentieth century and a leading figure in the development of nuclear weapons and broader defense advocacy. Teller's work in physics, spanning many decades of the twentieth century, includes some of the most fundamental insights in the quantum behaviors of molecules and their spectra, nuclei, surfaces, solid state and spin systems, and plasmas. In the defense arena, Teller is best known for his key insight that made thermonuclear weapons possible. Teller was both a great scientific collaborator and physics teacher at all levels, known for his openness, generosity, personal warmth, and powerful physical intuition. Many of his graduate students went on to illustrious careers.
George Gamow: Scientific Amateur and Polymath
Harper, Eamon
George Gamow (1904-1968) was among the first of the many brilliant scientists who forsook Europe for the United States in the early 1930s. Although most were fleeing the fascist imperium of Hitler and Mussolini, Gamow was one of a few who managed to escape the burgeoning despotism of Stalin in the Soviet Union. His early application of quantum mechanics to the atomic nucleus and his subsequent insight into the role played by the physics of the atom and its nucleus in stars, galaxies, and the universe identifies him as a scientist of unusual genius. Gamow displayed a boisterous, infectious - almost Rutherfordian - interest in all aspects of pure science. His interests were broad and his industry prodigious. His scientific output covered areas as diverse as nuclear physics, astrophysics, cosmology, biological genetics, and the fascinating question of the relationship of the large-scale structure and development of the universe to the properties of elementary particles and fields. He also was an immensely imaginative and prolific author of popular expositions on scientific subjects. One who is as well-known for his authorship of the Mr. Tompkins series of science popularizations as for his contributions to the development of the physical consequences of the big-bang theory of the expanding universe and the prediction of the cosmic background radiation must be unique in the scientific pantheon.
New SUSYQM coherent states for Poschl-Teller potentials: a detailed mathematical analysis
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Bergeron, H.; Siegl, Petr; Youssef, A.
2012-01-01
Roč. 45, č. 24 (2012), 244028/1-244028/14 ISSN 1751-8113 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC06002; GA ČR GAP203/11/0701 Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : supersymmetry * Poschi-Teller potential Subject RIV: BE - Theoretical Physics Impact factor: 1.766, year: 2012
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Muramatsu, Y.; Ueda, K.; Chiba, H.; Saito, N.; Lavollee, M.; Czasch, A.; Weber, T.; Jagutzki, O.; Schmidt-Boecking, H.; Moshammer, R.; Becker, U.; Kubozuka, K.; Koyano, I.
2002-01-01
The doubly degenerate core-excited Π state of CO 2 splits into two due to static Renner-Teller effect. Using the triple-ion-coincidence momentum imaging technique and focusing on the dependence of the measured quantities on the polarization of the incident light, we have probed, directly and separately, the linear and bent geometries for the B 1 and A 1 Renner-Teller pair states, as a direct proof of the static Renner-Teller effect
George Gamow and the Genetic Code
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
one of the founders of molecular biology. Years before, when. Delbruck, then a physicist, had gone to Copenhagen to serve the obligatory apprenticeship with Niels Bohr, it was Gamow, his senior by a few years, who took him in hand. To return to our story, on the 8th of July Gamow addressed a letter to Watson and Crick.
Gamow–Teller 1+ states in 112−124Sb isotopes
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
were compared with other calculations and the corresponding experimental data. Keywords. Shell model ... states in 208Bi [45] and the GTR energy calculated from ground state of the 208Bi was found to be 15.897 MeV. ... additive integrals of motion such as linear momentum P, angular momentum J and particle number N.
Gamow–Teller 1+ states in 112−124Sb isotopes
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
section is dominated by GT transitions with ∆L = 0, ∆S = 1 and ∆Jπ = 1+. The cross-section, extrapolated to zero-momentum transfer, is proportional to the GT strength between the same states. Out of these reactions, the (p, n) reaction is the most common, and for several years, this was used successfully in the investigation.
Kemei, Moureen C.; Moffitt, Stephanie L.; Darago, Lucy E.; Seshadri, Ram; Suchomel, Matthew R.; Shoemaker, Daniel P.; Page, Katharine; Siewenie, Joan
2014-05-01
We examine the effect of small amounts of magnetic substituents in the A sites of the frustrated spinels MgCr2O4 and ZnCr2O4. Specifically, we look for the effects of spin and lattice disorder on structural changes accompanying magnetic ordering in these compounds. Substitution of Co2+ on the nonmagnetic Zn2+ site in Zn1-xCoxCr2O4 where 0 occurs at very low temperatures of T occurring below 20 K without any further lattice distortion. The Jahn-Teller distorted solid solutions Mg1-xCuxCr2O4 and Zn1-xCuxCr2O4 adopt the orthorhombic Fddd structure of ferrimagnetic CuCr2O4. Total neutron scattering studies of Zn1-xCuxCr2O4 suggest that there are local AO4 distortions in these Cu2+-containing solid solutions at room temperature and that these distortions become cooperative when average structure distortions occur. Magnetism evolves from compensated antiferromagnetism in MgCr2O4 and ZnCr2O4 to uncompensated antiferromagnetism with substitution of magnetic cations on the nonmagnetic cation sites of these frustrated compounds. The sharp heat capacity anomalies associated with the first-order spin-Jahn-Teller transitions of MgCr2O4 and ZnCr2O4 become broad in Mg1-xCuxCr2O4, Zn1-xCoxCr2O4, and Zn1-xCuxCr2O4 when x > 0. We present a temperature-composition phase diagram summarizing the structural ground states and magnetic properties of the studied spinel solid solutions.
The No-Core Gamow Shell Model: Including the continuum in the NCSM
Barrett, B R; Michel, N; Płoszajczak, M
2015-01-01
We are witnessing an era of intense experimental efforts that will provide information about the properties of nuclei far from the line of stability, regarding resonant and scattering states as well as (weakly) bound states. This talk describes our formalism for including these necessary ingredients into the No-Core Shell Model by using the Gamow Shell Model approach. Applications of this new approach, known as the No-Core Gamow Shell Model, both to benchmark cases as well as to unstable nuclei will be given.
Perić, M; Jerosimić, S; Mitić, M; Milovanović, M; Ranković, R
2015-05-07
In the present study, we prove the plausibility of a simple model for the Renner-Teller effect in tetra-atomic molecules with linear equilibrium geometry by ab initio calculations of the electronic energy surfaces and non-adiabatic matrix elements for the X(2)Πu state of C2H2 (+). This phenomenon is considered as a combination of the usual Renner-Teller effect, appearing in triatomic species, and a kind of the Jahn-Teller effect, similar to the original one arising in highly symmetric molecules. Only four parameters (plus the spin-orbit constant, if the spin effects are taken into account), which can be extracted from ab initio calculations carried out at five appropriate (planar) molecular geometries, are sufficient for building up the Hamiltonian matrix whose diagonalization results in the complete low-energy (bending) vibronic spectrum. The main result of the present study is the proof that the diabatization scheme, hidden beneath the apparent simplicity of the model, can safely be carried out, at small-amplitude bending vibrations, without cumbersome computation of non-adiabatic matrix elements at large number of molecular geometries.
George Gamow and the Genetic Code
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 9; Issue 7. George Gamow and the Genetic Code. Vidyanand Nanjundiah. General Article Volume 9 Issue 7 July 2004 pp 44-49. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/009/07/0044-0049. Keywords.
Resonance and continuum Gamow shell model with realistic nuclear forces
Sun, Z. H.; Wu, Q.; Zhao, Z. H.; Hu, B. S.; Dai, S. J.; Xu, F. R.
2017-06-01
Starting from realistic nuclear forces, we have developed a core Gamow shell model which can describe resonance and continuum properties of loosely-bound or unbound nuclear systems. To describe properly resonance and continuum, the Berggren representation has been employed, which treats bound, resonant and continuum states on equal footing in a complex-momentum (complex-k) plane. To derive the model-space effective interaction based on realistic forces, the full Q ˆ -box folded-diagram renormalization has been, for the first time, extended to the nondegenerate complex-k space. The CD-Bonn potential is softened by using the Vlow-k method. Choosing 16O as the inert core, we have calculated sd-shell neutron-rich oxygen isotopes, giving good descriptions of both bound and resonant states. The isotopes 25,26O are calculated to be resonant even in their ground states.
Reinen, Dirk
2012-04-16
Cations in 6-coordination with orbitally degenerate E(g) ground states, such as Cu(2+) and low-spin Co(2+), play an important role in coordination chemistry-in particular, in modern complex biochemistry. The stereochemistry and the binding properties within the basic polyhedra are the subject of pronounced modifications due to vibronic coupling in such cases, but may be also significantly influenced by what is usually called an imposed strain. The latter effect makes allowance for the general observation that the host sites into which the Jahn-Teller unstable centers are substituted are seldom of O(h) symmetry and built from six equal ligands. Hence, the finally observed molecular and binding structure of the pseudo-octahedral complex is the result of the combined action of vibronic coupling and strain. The closer analysis of host-site strain effects demands to distinguish between elastic strain components, which modify the force constant of the vibronically active (here, ε(g)) vibration, and binding strain perturbations, which take account of possibly present ligands with different binding properties. A symmetry-met semiempirical strain model on such a basis is presented and a corresponding formulation within the vibronic coupling formalism is given, on the molecular level. Well-established model examples of Cu(2+) in octahedral fluoride coordination in various host solids, where a great variety of experimental results is available, are given. The derived parameters allow a detailed characterization of the structural and energy qualities of the Jahn-Teller centers, and might help to steer these properties in cases where synthesis strategies are needed. The proposed strain concept is more complex than that of Ham [F. S. Ham, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance; Plenum Press: New York, 1972; F. S. Ham, Phys. Rev. 1965, A138, 1727]; the advantage is that it is directly tied to the structure and energy of the Jahn-Teller complex in focus, although more data (experimental
Krzystek, J; Yeagle, Gregory J; Park, Ju-Hyun; Britt, R David; Meisel, Mark W; Brunel, Louis-Claude; Telser, Joshua
2003-07-28
High-frequency and -field electron paramagnetic resonance (HFEPR) spectroscopy of a classical coordination complex, Mn(acac)(3) (Hacac = 2,4-pentanedione), has been performed on both solid powder and frozen solution (in CH(2)Cl(2)/toluene, 3:2 v/v) samples. Parallel mode detection X-band EPR spectra exhibiting resolved (55)Mn hyperfine coupling were additionally obtained for frozen solutions. Magnetic susceptibility and field-dependent magnetization measurements were also made on powder samples. Analysis of the entire EPR data set for the frozen solution allowed extraction of the relevant spin Hamiltonian parameters: D = -4.52(2); |E| = 0.25(2) cm(-1); g(iso) = 1.99(1). The somewhat lower quality solid-state HFEPR data and the magnetic measurements confirmed these parameters. These parameters are compared to those for other complexes of Mn(III) and to previous studies on Mn(acac)(3) using X-ray crystallography, solution electronic absorption spectroscopy, and powder magnetic susceptibility. Crystal structures have been reported for Mn(acac)(3) and show tetragonal distortion, as expected for this Jahn-Teller ion (Mn(3+), 3d(4)). However, in one case, the molecule exhibits axial compression and, in another, axial elongation. The current HFEPR studies clearly show the negative sign of D, which corresponds to an axial (tetragonal) elongation in frozen solution. The correspondence among solution and solid-state HFEPR data, solid-state magnetic measurements, and an HFEPR study by others on a related complex indicates that the form of Mn(acac)(3) studied here exhibits axial elongation in all cases. Such tetragonal elongation has been found for Mn(3+) and Cr(2+) complexes with homoleptic pseudooctahedral geometry as well as for Mn(3+) in square pyramidal geometry. This taken together with the results obtained here for Mn(acac)(3) in frozen solution indicates that axial elongation could be considered the "natural" form of Jahn-Teller distortion for octahedral high-spin 3d(4
Realistic Gamow shell model for resonance and continuum in atomic nuclei
Xu, F. R.; Sun, Z. H.; Wu, Q.; Hu, B. S.; Dai, S. J.
2018-02-01
The Gamow shell model can describe resonance and continuum for atomic nuclei. The model is established in the complex-moment (complex-k) plane of the Berggren coordinates in which bound, resonant and continuum states are treated on equal footing self-consistently. In the present work, the realistic nuclear force, CD Bonn, has been used. We have developed the full \\hat{Q}-box folded-diagram method to derive the realistic effective interaction in the model space which is nondegenerate and contains resonance and continuum channels. The CD-Bonn potential is renormalized using the V low-k method. With choosing 16O as the inert core, we have applied the Gamow shell model to oxygen isotopes.
Gamow-Jordan vectors and non-reducible density operators from higher-order S-matrix poles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bohm, A.; Loewe, M.; Maxson, S.; Patuleanu, P.; Puentmann, C.; Gadella, M.
1997-01-01
In analogy to Gamow vectors that are obtained from first-order resonance poles of the S-matrix, one can also define higher-order Gamow vectors which are derived from higher-order poles of the S-matrix. An S-matrix pole of r-th order at z R =E R -iΓ/2 leads to r generalized eigenvectors of order k=0,1,hor-ellipsis,r-1, which are also Jordan vectors of degree (k+1) with generalized eigenvalue (E R -iΓ/2). The Gamow-Jordan vectors are elements of a generalized complex eigenvector expansion, whose form suggests the definition of a state operator (density matrix) for the microphysical decaying state of this higher-order pole. This microphysical state is a mixture of non-reducible components. In spite of the fact that the k-th order Gamow-Jordan vectors has the polynomial time-dependence which one always associates with higher-order poles, the microphysical state obeys a purely exponential decay law. copyright 1997 American Institute of Physics
Isospin mixing in the ground state of sup 5 sup 2 Mn
Schuurmans, P; Phalet, T; Severijns, N; Vereecke, B; Versyck, S
2000-01-01
The presence of isospin mixing into the ground state of sup 5 sup 2 Mn was studied via anisotropic positron emission from nuclei. With this method the isospin forbidden Fermi-component in the Gamow-Teller dominated beta decay was determined. It is shown that sample purity and the control of positron scattering is of vital importance. Comparison between theory and experiment shows that shell model calculations of the isospin mixing probability deviate by a factor three to seven from experiment. For more recent Hartree-Fock-RPA based calculations the difference is over two orders of magnitude.
Andrew Liehr and the structure of Jahn-Teller surfaces
Chibotaru, Liviu F.; Iwahara, Naoya
2017-05-01
The present article is an attempt to draw attention to a seminal work by Andrew Liehr “Topological aspects of conformational stability problem” [1, 2] issued more than half century ago. The importance of this work stems from two aspects of static Jahn-Teller and pseudo-Jahn-Teller problems fully developed by the author. First, the work of Liehr offers an almost complete overview of adiabatic potential energy surfaces for most known Jahn-Teller problems including linear, quadratic and higher-order vibronic couplings. Second, and most importantly, it identifies the factors defining the structure of Jahn-Teller surfaces. Among them, one should specially mention the minimax principle stating that the distorted Jahn-Teller systems tend to preserve the highest symmetry consistent with the loss of their orbital degeneracy. We believe that the present short reminiscence not only will introduce a key Jahn-Teller scientist to the young members of the community but also will serve as a vivid example of how a complete understanding of a complex problem, which the Jahn-Teller effect certainly was in the beginning of 1960s, can be achieved.
Li, Anyang; Han, Huixian; Xie, Daiqian
2011-09-14
The global potential energy surfaces for both the ground (X̃(1)A(')) and excited (Ã(1)A('')) electronic states of the HNO molecule have been constructed by three-dimensional cubic spline interpolation of more than 17,000 ab initio points, which have been calculated at the internal contracted multi-reference configuration interaction level with the Davidson correction using an augmented correlation-consistent polarized valence quadruple zeta basis set. The low-lying vibrational energy levels for the two electronic states of HNO have also been calculated on our potential energy surfaces including the diagonal Renner-Teller terms. The calculated results have shown a good agreement with the experimental vibrational frequencies of HNO and its isotopomers. © 2011 American Institute of Physics
Chernin, Artur D.
1994-08-01
In a paper published in 1953, i.e., more than a decade before the observational discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation, George Gamow predicted theoretically the temperature of this radiation. He estimated it to be 7 K, which is very close to the subsequently measured value of about 3 K. Gamow found the present temperature of the background radiation on the basis of general formulas of cosmological dynamics. This prediction was in no way related to primordial nucleosynthesis.This circumstance has and is still causing misunderstanding in those cases in which the authors have raised doubts about Gamow's results, although an actual error has never been demonstrated. A detailed analysis makes it possible to understand how Gamow's calculation is possible. The problem lies in the fact that Gamow makes a certain additional implicit assumption which allows him to dispense with information on nucleosynthesis. This assumption is discussed in the context of the state of cosmology in the period from the fifties to the seventies, and of the current status of this branch of science.
Dynamical Jahn-Teller effect of fullerene anions
Liu, Dan; Iwahara, Naoya; Chibotaru, Liviu F.
2018-03-01
The dynamical Jahn-Teller effect of C60n - anions (n =1 -5) is studied using the numerical diagonalization of the linear pn⊗8 d Jahn-Teller Hamiltonian with the currently established coupling parameters. It is found that in all anions the Jahn-Teller effect stabilizes the low-spin states, resulting in the violation of Hund's rule. The energy gain due to the Jahn-Teller dynamics is found to be comparable to the static Jahn-Teller stabilization. The Jahn-Teller dynamics influences the thermodynamic properties via strong variation of the density of vibronic states with energy. Thus the large vibronic entropy in the low-spin states enhances the effective spin gap of C603 - quenching the spin crossover. From the calculations of the effective spin gap as a function of the Hund's rule coupling, we found that the latter should amount 40 ±5 meV in order to cope with the violation of Hund's rule and to reproduce the large spin gap. With the obtained numerical solutions, the matrix elements of electronic operators for the low-lying vibronic levels and the vibronic reduction factors are calculated for all anions.
Nworie, Okoro,Udu Nkechinyere, Orji Jerry O, Egwu Eze, Nnorom Mac-Anthony Ezennia,Ukpabi Nkechinyere Nwali and Onu Euslar N
2017-01-01
Automated Teller Machine (ATM) is used by millions of people each day and it is likely to be contaminated with different microorganisms. The ATM keypads were examined to assess them as a potential source of bacterial contamination and to provide the antibiogram of the isolated bacteria. The study lasted from April, 2016 to June, 2016. The procedures involved culturing and identifying swabs from the keypads of 20 ATMs using biochemical tests and Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method for the antibi...
Analogy Between Particle in a Box and Jahn–Teller Effect
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
IAS Admin
as degeneracy, and the energy levels are said to be de- generate. Degeneracy occurs in general whenever a ... Such a level is said to be triply degenerate or three-fold degenerate and we can also say that the degeneracy of .... Jahn and Edward Teller, using group theory. The Jahn{. Teller theorem states that in a nonlinear ...
Farmers' Awareness and Use of Automated Teller Machines (ATMs ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
The study determined farmers' awareness and use of automated teller machines (ATMs) in some selected communities in Enugu North Senatorial Zone of Enugu State. Interview schedule was used to collect data from a sample size of sixty (60) respondents using purposive selection. Percentage, frequency, and mean ...
The Impact of Automated Teller Machines on Customers' Business ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
This study was carried out to determine the emerging impact of Automated Teller Machines an off-shut of ICTs on Customers' Business Transactions in selected banks in Minna metropolis, Niger state. It was a survey research. Four research questions were raised and answered using the results of analysis of the data ...
Properties of Manganites: Phase Diagram, Jahn-Teller effect
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dzero, M.; Gor' kov, L.; Kresin, V.
2001-07-27
Properties of manganites are greatly affected by cooperative Jahn-Teller effect and Hund's interaction. The insulating (undoped) as well as metallic ferromagnetic states can be described from a unified point of view based on two-band picture. The system is intrinsically inhomogeneous and the metal-insulator transition is treated by means of percolation theory.
12 CFR 205.16 - Disclosures at automated teller machines.
2010-01-01
... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Disclosures at automated teller machines. 205... SYSTEM ELECTRONIC FUND TRANSFERS (REGULATION E) § 205.16 Disclosures at automated teller machines. (a) Definition. Automated teller machine operator means any person that operates an automated teller machine at...
Group invariance of Jahn-Teller systems and determination of Jahn-Teller interaction matrices
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tuetuencueler, H.; Koc, R.
2002-01-01
We provide a group Theoretical treatment of a Jahn-Teller distortion. We show Jahn-Teller interaction matrices can be obtained by breaking symmetries of the parent group into its maximal little groups. Our method is demonstrated on some physical systems
The spin symmetry for deformed generalized Poeschl-Teller potential
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wei Gaofeng; Dong Shihai
2009-01-01
In the case of spin symmetry we solve the Dirac equation with scalar and vector deformed generalized Poeschl-Teller (DGPT) potential and obtain exact energy equation and spinor wave functions for s-wave bound states. We find that there are only positive energy states for bound states in the case of spin symmetry based on the strong regularity restriction condition λ<-η for the wave functions. The energy eigenvalue approaches a constant when the potential parameter α goes to zero. Two special cases such as generalized PT potential and standard PT potential are also briefly discussed.
Jahn-Teller effect: its history and applicability
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Teller, E.
1981-01-01
The interactions between Teller, Renner, Jahn and Landau which led to the formulation of the Jahn-Teller effect are discussed. The applicability of Jahn-Teller type of theory to superconductivity and the explanation proposed by the use of Goldstone particles are assessed
The vibrational Jahn–Teller effect in E⊗e systems
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Thapaliya, Bishnu P.; Dawadi, Mahesh B.; Ziegler, Christopher; Perry, David S., E-mail: dperry@uakron.edu
2015-10-16
Highlights: • The vibrational Jahn–Teller effect is documented for three E⊗e molecular systems. • The spontaneous vibrational Jahn–Teller distortion is very small. • Vibrational Jahn–Teller splittings are substantial (1–60 cm{sup −1}). • Vibrational conical intersections in CH{sub 3}OH are accessible at low energies. - Abstract: The Jahn–Teller theorem is applied in the vibrational context where degenerate high-frequency vibrational states (E) are considered as adiabatic functions of low-frequency vibrational coordinates (e). For CH{sub 3}CN and Cr(C{sub 6}H{sub 6})(CO){sub 3}, the global minimum of the non-degenerate electronic potential energy surface occurs at the C{sub 3v} geometry, but in CH{sub 3}OH, the equilibrium geometry is far from the C{sub 3v} reference geometry. In the former cases, the computed spontaneous Jahn–Teller distortion is exceptionally small. In methanol, the vibrational Jahn–Teller interaction results in the splitting of the degenerate E-type CH stretch into what have been traditionally assigned as the distinct ν{sub 2} and ν{sub 9} vibrational bands. The ab initio vibrational frequencies are fit precisely by a two-state high-order Jahn–Teller Hamiltonian (Viel and Eisfeld, 2004). The presence of vibrational conical intersections, including 7 for CH{sub 3}OH, has implications for spectroscopy, for geometric phase, and for ultrafast localized non-adiabatic energy transfer.
Formal verification of automated teller machine systems using SPIN
Iqbal, Ikhwan Mohammad; Adzkiya, Dieky; Mukhlash, Imam
2017-08-01
Formal verification is a technique for ensuring the correctness of systems. This work focuses on verifying a model of the Automated Teller Machine (ATM) system against some specifications. We construct the model as a state transition diagram that is suitable for verification. The specifications are expressed as Linear Temporal Logic (LTL) formulas. We use Simple Promela Interpreter (SPIN) model checker to check whether the model satisfies the formula. This model checker accepts models written in Process Meta Language (PROMELA), and its specifications are specified in LTL formulas.
On the mean value of the energy for resonant states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Civitarese, O.; Gadella, M.; Betan, R.Id
1999-01-01
In this work we discuss possible definitions of the mean value of the energy for a resonant (Gamow) state. The mathematical and physical aspects of the formalism are reviewed. The concept of rigged Hilbert space is used as a supportive tool in dealing with Gamow-resonances
The T1u x 8 hg Jahn-Teller system - an improved model for the C60-molecule
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rough, S.M.; Dunn, J.L.; Bates, C.A.
1997-01-01
The ground state of C 60 - gives rise to a T 1u x 8 h g Jahn-Teller (JT) system. A proof is presented showing that the presence of eight active h g modes rather than one makes little difference to the mathematical complexity of this problem compared to the simpler single-mode variant. After showing that the T 1u x 8 h g Jahn-Teller system has the same electronic eigenstates as the T 1u x h g Jahn-Teller system, the inversion splitting and first-order reduction factors are derived. (orig.)
Dynamics study of a three-fold pseudo-Jahn–Teller system using the ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Oppenheimer equations including the geometrical phase effect has been used to study a three-fold pseudo-. Jahn–Teller type electronic ... The linear octahedral T ⊗ (e ⊕ t2). JT system, which couples an electronic triplet state to ... state (T2) with a triply degene- rate normal mode (t2) in systems of tetrahedral or cubic. 115 ...
Jahn-Teller effect fundamentals and implications for physics and chemistry
Koppel, Horst; Barentzen, Heinz
2009-01-01
The Jahn-Teller effect continues to be a paradigm for structural instabilities and dynamical processes in molecules and in the condensed phase. While the basic theorem, first published in 1937, had to await experimental verification for 15 years, the intervening years have seen rapid development, initially in the theoretical arena, followed increasingly by experimental work on molecules and crystals. Among the many important developments in the field we mention cooperative phenomena in crystals, the general importance of pseudo-Jahn-Teller couplings for symmetry-lowering phenomena in molecular systems, nonadiabatic processes at conical intersections of potential energy surfaces and extensions of the basic theory in relation to the discovery of fullerenes and other icosahedral systems. The aim of the present volume is to provide a survey of the state-of-the art in Jahn-Teller interactions at the interface of quantum chemistry and condensed matter physics.
Dirac equation with spin symmetry for the modified Pöschl–Teller ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
AUTHOR INDEX. Abu-Sei'Leek Mohammed H E. Investigation of (3,3) resonance effects on the properties of neutron-rich double magic spherical finite nucleus, 132Sn, in the ground state and under compression. 573. Agboola D. Dirac equation with spin symmetry for the modified Pöschl–Teller potential in D dimensions.
Analogy Between Particle in a Box and Jahn–Teller Effect
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
IAS Admin
Solving the SchrÄodinger equation, the allowed energy levels of the particle are given .... to slight distortion of the cube. Using (3), the new energy of ... ARTICLE. The Jahn–Teller theorem states that in a nonlinear molecule, if degenerate orbitals are asymmetrically occupied a distortion will occur to remove the degeneracy.
Bose–Einstein condensation in generalized Pöschl–Teller potential
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
We analyse and explore some peculiar features of the generalized Pöschl–Teller potential. This particular potential can be tuned in terms of the allowed number of excited states, the shape of the potential, and the strength of the confinement. As an application we investigate the Bose–Einstein condensation of ...
Bose–Einstein condensation in generalized Pöschl–Teller potential
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Abstract. We analyse and explore some peculiar features of the generalized Pöschl–Teller poten- tial. This particular potential can be tuned in terms of the allowed number of excited states, the shape of the potential, and the strength of the confinement. As an application we investigate the. Bose–Einstein condensation of ...
78 FR 18221 - Disclosures at Automated Teller Machines (Regulation E)
2013-03-26
... Disclosures at Automated Teller Machines (Regulation E) AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection... the EFTA to eliminate a requirement that a fee notice be posted on or at automated teller machines, leaving in place the requirement for a specific fee disclosure to appear on the screen of that machine or...
1995 Edward teller lecture. Patience and optimism
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Miley, G.H.
1996-01-01
Remarks made in the author close-quote s acceptance lecture for the 1995 Edward Teller Medal are presented and expanded. Topics covered include research on nuclear-pumped lasers, the first direct e-beam-pumped laser, direct energy conversion and advanced fuel fusion, plus recent work on inertial electrostatic confinement. open-quote open-quote Patience close-quote close-quote and open-quote open-quote optimism close-quote close-quote are viewed as essential elements needed by scientists following the open-quote open-quote zig-zag close-quote close-quote path to fusion energy production. copyright 1996 American Institute of Physics
Structured emission of tetrahedral complexes due to Jahn-Teller and pseudo-Jahn-Teller effects
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Bacci, M.; Porcinai, S.; Mihóková, Eva; Nikl, Martin; Polák, Karel
2001-01-01
Roč. 64, - (2001), s. 104302-1-104302-6 ISSN 0163-1829 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAB1010901; GA MŠk ME 462 Grant - others:NATO(XX) SfP 973510 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1010914 Keywords : PbWO 4 * Jahn-Teller effect * exciton emission Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism Impact factor: 3.070, year: 2001
After the Prestige: A Postmodern Analysis of Penn and Teller
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Miller, Liz
2015-12-01
Full Text Available By mocking the magic community and revealing the secret behind some of their tricks, Penn and Teller perform a kind of parodic and post-modern “anti-magic.” Penn and Teller display an artful use of rhetoric; in exposing the secrets and shortcomings of conjuring, they are revolutionizing the way people think about both the art of magic and the magic community. Individuals such as Penn and Teller may use parody to subvert the hegemonic interpretations. However, we also know that it is difficult to bring down a system while operating within that system. Thus, this article explores the way Penn and Teller are challenging the metanarrative of the magic community, using several of the duo’s more popular illusions as examples for analysis. Ultimately, this paper should help us gain a better understanding of the way parody can be used to challenge hegemonic conceptions, and the limitations of this type of rhetorical approach.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Aramburu, José Antonio; García-Fernández, Pablo; García Lastra, Juan Maria
2016-01-01
that the anomalous positive g∥ shift (g∥−g0=0.065) measured at T=20 K obeys the superposition of the |3 z2−r2⟩ and |x2−y2⟩ states driven by quantum effects associated with the zero-point motion, a mechanism first put forward by O'Brien for static Jahn–Teller systems and later extended by Ham to the dynamic Jahn......–Teller case. To our knowledge, this is the first genuine Jahn–Teller system (i.e. in which exact degeneracy exists at the high-symmetry configuration) exhibiting a compressed equilibrium geometry for which large quantum effects allow experimental observation of the effect predicted by O'Brien. Analysis...
Numerical study of the spin-1 Ashkin-Teller model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bekhechi, S.; Badehdah, M.; Benyoussef, A.; Ettaki, B.
1998-07-01
Two non perturbative methods by means of the Transfer-Matrix Finite-Size-Scaling (TMFSS) and Monte Carlo (MC) simulations are used to investigate the spin-1 Ashkin-Teller model (A.T.M.). We have obtained rich phase diagrams with first and second order phase transitions with several multicritical points of higher order. Also this model exhibits a new partially ordered phase PO2 which does not exist in the spin-1/2 Ashkin-Teller model (A.T.M.). Finally, the critical behaviour of this model is discussed. (author)
Enhancing the Current Automated Teller Machine (ATM) in Nigerian ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
This is going to be achieved by creating another input device that collects the money into the ATM system, reads its denomination and either saves it or transfers it the required customer ... Keywords: Automated Teller Machine (ATM), Interswitch, Local Area Network (LAN), Wide Area Network (WAN), Telecommunication.
customer-teller scheduling system for optimizing banks service
African Journals Online (AJOL)
due to idle times. On the other hand, good scheduling results in low waiting cost, good. Teller utilization, customer satisfaction, and more profit. Operations managers are faced with the problem of ... As service speeds up, time spent waiting on queue decreases. ... Nigerian Journal of Technology. Vol. 30, No. 1, March 2011.
Customer-Teller Scheduling System for Optimizing Banks Service ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Customer satisfaction is a concern to service industries as customers expect to be served promptly when they arrive. Demand for service is highly variable: depends on hour of the day, or day of the week, or even dates of the month. For a service industry like a Bank, there is a need for effcient Bank Teller scheduling system ...
customer-teller scheduling system for optimizing banks service
African Journals Online (AJOL)
els Bank Teller scheduling system for optimizing a Banks customer service. The model takes into account real time system ... Keywords: scheduler, service optimisation, queuing theory, simulation, customer satisfaction, integer programming ...... build up the customer loyalty, who will return for similar business in the future.
PREFACE: XXIst International Symposium on the Jahn-Teller Effect 2012
Koizumi, Hiroyasu
2013-04-01
is obtained. A related problem also arises when dealing with the so-called adiabatic-diabatic transformation (ADT) that removes coupling terms between different Born-Oppenheimer electronic states. It is known that an exact ADT does not exist in general, however, digital computers do this impossible task erroneously if we just plug in numbers. The results obtained may be good in practice; however, we need to be aware that such calculations may miss some important details. I asked Professor Mead to write a note on this matter since there is still confusion in the treatment of the ADT. The proper handling on the ADT may be a topic in the next Jahn-Teller symposium. Although more than a quarter of a century has passed since its discovery, the mechanism of cuprate superconductivity is still actively discussed. In the cuprate, the multi-valuedness problem arises when the conduction electrons create spin-vortices and the twisting of the spin basis occurs. Since a number of experiments and theories indicate the presence of spin-vortices in the cuprate, a proper handling of the multi-valuedness arising from the spin-degree-of-freedom will be important. It has been argued that such multi-valuedness induces a vector potential that generates the persistent current. As the papers in this proceedings indicate, the Jahn-Teller effects are ubiquitous in physics and chemistry. The ideas and methodologies developed in this community have very wide applicability. I believe that this community will continue to contribute to the advancement of science in a fundamental way. Hiroyasu Koizumi Tsukuba, February 2013 Conference photograph
Spin and Pseudospin Symmetries with Trigonometric Pöschl-Teller Potential including Tensor Coupling
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M. Hamzavi
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We study approximate analytical solutions of the Dirac equation with the trigonometric Pöschl-Teller (tPT potential and a Coulomb-like tensor potential for arbitrary spin-orbit quantum number κ under the presence of exact spin and pseudospin ( p -spin symmetries. The bound state energy eigenvalues and the corresponding two-component wave functions of the Dirac particle are obtained using the parametric generalization of the Nikiforov-Uvarov (NU method. We show that tensor interaction removes degeneracies between spin and pseudospin doublets. The case of nonrelativistic limit is studied too.
The Jahn-Teller and pseudo Jahn-Teller effect in materials science
Bersuker, I. B.
2017-05-01
Defining materials science as a translation from microscopic foundations of matter to macroscopic performance in applications, this mostly review paper is devoted to the special features of matter with Jahn-Teller (JT) and pseudo JT (PJT) centers that makes it outstanding in the search of novel properties and applications as novel materials. There are three kinds of problems in this respect. The first is related to the difficulties in the use of computer simulation of observable properties (a methodology widely employed in materials science) in application to systems with dynamic JT and PJT effects. The second is due to the specifics of such systems in interaction with external perturbations, which contribute with a strong orientational effect that enhances the observable properties by orders of magnitude. The third kind of problems relevant to materials science is in the use of the JT and PJT effects in revealing the origin of structural properties of a relevant polyatomic system and working out methods to influence them in designing novel materials. The paper formulates these problems and provides for examples that demonstrate their importance. For the second group of problems, illustrative examples include flexoelectricity, permittivity, and electrostriction in systems with dynamical JT and PJT centers, and it is shown that the latter enhance the observable properties by several orders of magnitude. Also related to this group of problems are the magnetic-dielectric bistabilities in molecular systems and solids induced by JT and PJT effect, illustrated on molecules like CuF3 and crystals of the type LiCuO2. The third group of problems is shown by the already multiply used application of the PJTE to reveal the origin of distortions of planar configuration in 2D (graphene-like) and quasi-2D materials and to work out methods of restoration of their planar configurations by means of external perturbations.
The Jahn-Teller and pseudo Jahn-Teller effect in materials science
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bersuker, I B
2017-01-01
Defining materials science as a translation from microscopic foundations of matter to macroscopic performance in applications , this mostly review paper is devoted to the special features of matter with Jahn-Teller (JT) and pseudo JT (PJT) centers that makes it outstanding in the search of novel properties and applications as novel materials. There are three kinds of problems in this respect. The first is related to the difficulties in the use of computer simulation of observable properties (a methodology widely employed in materials science) in application to systems with dynamic JT and PJT effects. The second is due to the specifics of such systems in interaction with external perturbations , which contribute with a strong orientational effect that enhances the observable properties by orders of magnitude. The third kind of problems relevant to materials science is in the use of the JT and PJT effects in revealing the origin of structural properties of a relevant polyatomic system and working out methods to influence them in designing novel materials.The paper formulates these problems and provides for examples that demonstrate their importance. For the second group of problems, illustrative examples include flexoelectricity, permittivity, and electrostriction in systems with dynamical JT and PJT centers, and it is shown that the latter enhance the observable properties by several orders of magnitude. Also related to this group of problems are the magnetic-dielectric bistabilities in molecular systems and solids induced by JT and PJT effect, illustrated on molecules like CuF_3 and crystals of the type LiCuO_2. The third group of problems is shown by the already multiply used application of the PJTE to reveal the origin of distortions of planar configuration in 2D (graphene-like) and quasi-2D materials and to work out methods of restoration of their planar configurations by means of external perturbations. (paper)
Influence of the ionic size on the evolution of local Jahn-Teller distortions in cobaltites
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Phelan, D.; Louca, Despina; Kamazawa, K.; Hundley, M. F.; Yamada, K.
2007-01-01
The thermodynamic and atomic structure properties of La 1-x A x CoO 3 (A=Ba 2+ and Ca 2+ ) with 0≤x≤0.5, a class of compounds that exhibit magnetoresistance in the presence of an applied magnetic field, have been investigated via magnetic and transport measurements and neutron scattering. While in the parent compound, the Co 3+ ion undergoes a spin-state transition from the low-spin ground state to a dynamic intermediate-spin configuration thermally, with hole doping, the intermediate-spin state becomes static as evidenced by the Jahn-Teller octahedral splitting of the Co-O bonds. The size of the split depends strongly on the tolerance factor, where small or no Jahn-Teller distortions are observed in samples with small tolerance factors (i.e., Ca), but as the tolerance factor approaches 1 (i.e., Ba), the bond split can be as much as 0.2 A. At the same time, ferromagnetic ordering is also influenced by the tolerance factor. As it gets closer to 1, ferromagnetic coupling is enhanced due to the straightening of the Co-O-Co bonds, where the angle becomes almost 180 deg. that, in turn, favors double-exchange interactions between Co ions. With the ferromagnetic transition, the system becomes metallic and shows a negative magnetoresistance with field. As the tolerance factor is reduced from 1, the ferromagnetic coupling is weak and the bond angle is about 160 deg
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Reinen, D.
1993-09-01
The following subjects were mainly investigated: 1. Development of a concept concerning the mechanism of superconductivity in ceramic oxides from the standpoint of solid state chemistry. An important criterion for generating superconductivity in ceramic oxides seems to be the overlap of a narrow, weakly antibonding and metal-centred band with a very broad band of predominant oxygen character in the Fermi region. Spectroscopic investigations are in favour of such a concept and additionally indicate a vibronic coupling mechanism of the Jahn-Teller- or pseudo-Jahn-Teller type. 2. Synthesis of potentially superconducting ceramic oxides. A series of oxidic compounds with transition metal ions (Ni 2+ /Ni 3+ /Ni 4+ , Mn 3+ /Mn 4+ , Cu 2+ /Cu 3+ etc.) and with cations, possessing a lone electron pair (Sb 3+ , Bi 3+ , Pb 2+ , Tl + ) was prepared (K 2 NiF 4 -structure). The investigation of these ceramic materials led to interesting insight into the nature of the M-O-bond and the cooperative interactions between the metal ion centres; new superconductors could not be synthesized, however. (orig.) [de
The Jahn-Teller effect and vibronic coupling at deep levels in diamond
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Davies, G.
1981-01-01
This paper reviews the vibronic properties of point defects (i.e. impurities and radiation-induced defects) in diamond. Cases discussed are: defects where the totally symmetric electron-lattice interaction dominates; cases of dynamic Jahn-Teller distortions; vibronic interactions between nearly degenerate states; and a statically deformed defect. Before discussing each of these topics the relevant theory is outlined at an introductory level with the emphasis on features relevant to understanding data. It is shown that a good understanding of the vibronic data is now available in diamond. Compared to defects in silicon, defects in diamond are less prone to static deformations, partly as a result of the high-energy transverse acoustic modes in diamond. (author)
Jahn Teller effect of cations in water: The cupric ion in water
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Halley, J.W. [Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis, MN (United States). School of Physics and Astronomy; Wang, X.R. [Hong Kong Univ. of Science and Technology, Kowlon (Hong Kong). Dept. of Physics; Curtiss, L.A. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)
1993-02-01
We report a molecular dynamics model for the Jahn Teller effect in the solvation shell of a cation in solution in an aqueous liquid. We apply the model to the cupric ion and compare results with results of neutron scattering experiments on copper chlorate solutions. We conclude that the original interpretation of the experiments in terms of a Jan Teller effect may require modification.
The effect of automated teller machines on banks' services in Nigeria
African Journals Online (AJOL)
The purpose of this research work is to find out the effects of Automated Teller Machines (ATM) on Bank's services. Information technology, of which Automated Teller Machines are part of, has been the core tool of competitive strategies used by successful organizations for gaining competitive advantage over others.
Origin of Small Barriers in Jahn–Teller Systems
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Barriuso, M. T.; Ortiz-Sevilla, B.; Aramburu, J. A.
2013-01-01
Despite its relevance, the microscopic origin of the energy barrier, B, between the compressed and elongated geometries of Jahn–Teller (JT) systems is not well understood yet because of a lack of quantitative data about its various contributions. Seeking to clear up this matter, we have carried out...... both periodic and cluster ab initio calculations on the model system NaCl:Ni+. This system is particularly puzzling because, according to experimental data, its barrier is much smaller than that for other d9 and d7 ions in similar lattices. All calculations performed on the model system lead, in fact......, contrary to cases where the complex formed by d9 or d7 ions is elastically decoupled from the host lattice. Although the magnitude of B for NaCl:Ni+ is particularly small, the tunneling splitting, 3Γ, is estimated to be below 9 cm–1, thus explaining why the coherence is easily destroyed by random strains...
2010-01-01
... teller station or window as noninsured institution. 328.4 Section 328.4 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT... Prohibition against receiving deposits at same teller station or window as noninsured institution. (a) Prohibition. An insured depository institution may not receive deposits at any teller station or window where...
Off-center Jahn-Teller ion: coupled polar and tetragonal deformations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vikhnin, V.S.; Sochava, L.S.
1979-01-01
Models of the off-center Jahn-Teller ions are considered, i.e. Ni + in SrO and Cu 27 in SrO studied earlier. Models of the off-center Jahn-Teller ion are proposed, in which mutual effect of dipole-active deformations conditioning off-centering and the Jahn-Teller tetragonal deformations takes place. Manifestations of a new type of multipit potential XY 24 of an off-center ion are considered. The Jahn-Teller effect (JTE) is studied for a duplicate in cubic environment, unharmonism of the fourth order being taken into account. In such a model of Exe of JTE, the position and quantity of minima of adiabatic potential are changed as compared with Exe of JTE taking account of unharmonism of the third order or the square Jahn-Teller interaction. While using models of the off-center Jahn-Teller ion which take account of the effect of two tetragonal Jahn-Teller deformations occurring in the Exe problem considering unharmonism of the fourth order produced on dipole-active deformations, it becomes possible to explain the experiment for SrO:Ni +
The Hintermann-Merlini-Baxter-Wu and the infinite-coupling-limit Ashkin-Teller models
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Huang Yuan, E-mail: huangy22@mail.ustc.edu.cn [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Deng Youjin, E-mail: yjdeng@ustc.edu.cn [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at Microscale and Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Jacobsen, Jesper Lykke, E-mail: jacobsen@lpt.ens.fr [Laboratoire de Physique Theorique, Ecole Normale Superieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 place Jussieu, 75252 Paris (France); Salas, Jesus, E-mail: jsalas@math.uc3m.es [Grupo de Modelizacion, Simulacion Numerica y Matematica Industrial, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Avda. de la Universidad 30, 28911 Leganes (Spain); Grupo de Teorias de Campos y Fisica Estadistica, Instituto Gregorio Millan, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Unidad asociada al IEM-CSIC, Madrid (Spain)
2013-03-11
We show how the Hintermann-Merlini-Baxter-Wu model (which is a generalization of the well-known Baxter-Wu model to a general Eulerian triangulation) can be mapped onto a particular infinite-coupling-limit of the Ashkin-Teller model. We work out some mappings among these models, also including the standard and mixed Ashkin-Teller models. Finally, we compute the phase diagram of the infinite-coupling-limit Ashkin-Teller model on the square, triangular, hexagonal, and kagome lattices.
Spontaneous Orbital-Selective Mott Transitions and the Jahn-Teller Metal of A3C60
Hoshino, Shintaro; Werner, Philipp
2017-04-01
The alkali-doped fullerides A3C60 are half-filled three-orbital Hubbard systems which exhibit an unconventional superconducting phase next to a Mott insulator. While the pairing is understood to arise from an effectively negative Hund coupling, the highly unusual Jahn-Teller metal near the Mott transition, featuring both localized and itinerant electrons, has not been understood. This property is consistently explained by a previously unrecognized phenomenon: the spontaneous transition of multiorbital systems with negative Hund coupling into an orbital-selective Mott state. This symmetry-broken state, which has no ordinary orbital moment, is characterized by an orbital-dependent two-body operator (the double occupancy) or an orbital-dependent kinetic energy and may be regarded as a diagonal-order version of odd-frequency superconductivity. We propose that the recently discovered Jahn-Teller metal phase of Rbx Cs3 -xC60 is an experimental realization of this novel state of matter.
Bethe, Oppenheimer, Teller and the Fermi Award: Norris Bradbury Speaks
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Meade, Roger Allen [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
2017-04-28
In 1956 the Enrico Fermi Presidential Award was established to recognize scientists, engineers, and science policymakers who gave unstintingly over their careers to advance energy science and technology. The first recipient was John von Neumann. .1 Among those scientists who were thought eligible for the award were Hans Bethe, J. Robert Oppenheimer, and Edward Teller. In 1959 Norris Bradbury was asked to comment on the relative merits of each these three men, whom he knew well from their affiliation with Los Alamos. Below is a reproduction of the letter Bradbury sent to Dr. Warren C. Johnson of the AEC’s General Advisory Committee(GAC) containing his evaluation of each man. The letter might surprise those not accustomed to Bradbury’s modus operandi of providing very detailed and forthright answers to the AEC. The letter, itself, was found in cache of old microfilm. Whether because of the age of the microfilm or the quality of the filming process, portions of the letter are not legible. Where empty brackets appear, the word or words could not be read or deduced. Words appearing in brackets are guesses that appear, from the image, to be what was written. These guesses, of course, are just that – guesses.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Antomi Saregar
2015-04-01
Full Text Available In this paper, we show that the exact energy eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of the Schrödinger equation for charged particles moving in a certain class of noncentral potentials can be easily calculated analytically in a simple and elegant manner by using Supersymmetric method (SUSYQM. We discuss the Poschl-Teller plus Scarf non-central potential systems. Then, by operating the lowering operator we get the ground state wave function, and the excited state wave functions are obtained by operating raising operator repeatedly. The energy eigenvalue is expressed in the closed form obtained using the shape invariant properties. The results are in exact agreement with other methods. Keyword: supersymmetry, non-central potentials, poschl teller plus scarf.
Kozuch, Sebastian
2015-07-14
The π bond shifting (automerization) by carbon tunneling of cyclopropenyl anions was computationally analyzed by the small curvature tunneling methodology. Similar to other antiaromatic cases, the process is hindered by substituents departing from planarity, since these groups must be realigned along with the π bond shifting. With hydrogens as substituents the tunneling is extremely fast, in a case of both heavy and light atom tunneling. But, with more massive substituents (such as Me and F), and especially with longer groups (such as CN), the tunneling probability is reduced or even virtually canceled. The automerization of triphenylcyclopropyl anion by tunneling was supposed to be impossible due to the high mass of the phenyl groups. However, it was found that the ground state of this species is actually a D3h aromatic triplet, a single-well system that cannot undergo automerization. For this and other systems with π acceptor groups, the superposition of states that generates the second-order Jahn-Teller distortion is diminished, and by Hund's rule, the triplet results in the ground state.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
2017-01-01
ForewordThis issue of J. Phys. Conf. Series contains the proceedings of the 23"r"d International Symposium on the Jahn-Teller Effect with the main title “Vibronic coupling and electron-phonon interaction in molecules and crystals”, which took place in Tartu (Estonia), August 27-September 1, 2016, bringing together over 70 participants from various fields of physics and chemistry. More information on the symposium program can be found at https://ttl.ut.ee/jt16/.The series of mostly biannual Jahn-Teller symposia started in 1976. It addresses topics involving the coupling between electronic and nuclear motions in molecules and solids in conditions of electronic degeneracy and pseudodegeneracy. The Jahn-Teller effect, pseudo Jahn-Teller effect, and related vibronic coupling and electron-phonon interactions are responsible for structural instabilities and non-trivial dynamics in polyatomic systems, including pseudo-rotations and non-adiabatic effects around conical intersections and seams, and play a key role in the explanation of seemingly diverse phenomena, such as spontaneous symmetry breakings, structural phase transitions, colossal magnetoresistance, exotic molecular magnetism, superconductivity in fullerides, giant permittivity and flexoelectricity, and chemical reactions after thermo- or photoexcitation. The meeting brings together theoreticians and experimentalists working in molecular physics and chemistry with researches working in solid state physics.A characteristic of these symposia is that they are devoted to discussion of a wide range of physical and chemical phenomena which, at first sight, are different in scope and nature, but in fact they are strongly entangled by vibronic coupling, and their joint presentation and discussion is deemed to mutually enrich the presenters from different fields with stimulating novel ideas.The 23"r"d Symposium included the following topics:• Fundamental theory, computation, and experimental observation of vibronic
Occupational Noise Exposure among Toll Tellers at Toll Plaza in Malaysia
Azmi, Sharifah Nadya Syed; Dawal, Siti Zawiah Md; Ya, Tuan Mohammad Yusoff Shah Tuan; Saidin, Hamidi
2010-10-01
Toll tellers working at toll plaza have potential of exposure to high noise from the vehicles especially for the peak level of sound emitted by the heavy vehicles. However, occupational exposures in this workplace have not been adequately characterized and identified. Occupational noise exposure among toll tellers at toll plaza was assessed using Sound Level Meter, Noise Dosimeter and through questionnaire survey. These data were combined to estimate the work shift exposure level and health impacts to the toll tellers by using statistical analysis. Noise Dosimeter microphone was located at the hearing zone of the toll teller which working inside the toll booth and full-period measurements were collected for each work shift. The measurements were taken at 20 toll booths from 6.00 am to 2.00 pm for 5 days. 71 respondents participated in the survey to identify the symptoms of noise induced hearing loss and other health related problems among toll tellers. Results of this study indicated that occupational noise exposure among toll tellers for Mean Continuous Equivalent Level, Leq was 79.2±1.4 dB(A), Mean Maximum Level, Lmax was 107.8±3.6 dB(A) and Mean Peak Level, Lpeak was 136.6±9.9 dB. The Peak Level reported statistically significantly at 140 dB, the level of TLV recommended by ACGIH. The research findings indicated that the primary risk exposure to toll tellers comes from noise that emitted from heavy vehicles. Most of the toll tellers show symptoms of noise induced hearing loss and annoyed by the sources of noise at the toll plaza.
Jahn-Teller calculations for CuO4 and FeO4 clusters in the Nd1.85Ce0.15Cu0.99Fe0.01O4-δ
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Calles, A.; Salcido, A.; Cabrera, A.; Gomez, R.; Aburto, S.; Marquina, V.; Marquina, M.L.; Jimenez, M.; Yepez, E.; Castro, J.J.; Escudero, R.
1991-01-01
The Jahn-Teller distortion mechanism in the Nd 2-x Ce x CuO 4 is analyzed. This analysis is based on a quasi-molecular model for the CuO 4 cluster having D 4h symmetry. In order to compare with experimental Moessbauer measurements in the doped Nd 1.85 Ce 0.15 Cu 0.99 Fe 0.01 O 4-δ superconductor, the FeO 4 cluster is also analyzed for the case of Fe 2+ in the high spin state. The results show not evidence of a Jahn-Teller effect in these superconductors. (orig.)
New Skyrme energy density functional for a better description of the Gamow–Teller resonance
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Roca-Maza, X; Colò, G; Sagawa, H
2013-01-01
We present a new Skyrme energy density functional named SAMi [1]. This interaction has been accurately calibrated to reproduce properties of doubly magic nuclei and infinite nuclear matter. The novelties introduced in the model and fitting protocol of SAMi are crucial for a better description of the Gamow–Teller resonance (GTR). Those are, on the one hand, the two-component spin–orbit potential needed for describing different proton high-angular momentum spin–orbit splittings and, on the other hand, the careful description of the empirical hierarchy and positive values found in previous analysis of the spin (G 0 ) and spin–isospin (G 0 ′) Landau–Migdal parameters: 0 0 0 ′, a feature that many of the available Skyrme forces fail to reproduce. When employed within the self-consistent Hartree–Fock plus random phase approximation, SAMi produces results on ground and excited state nuclear properties that are in good agreement with experimental findings. This is true not only for the GTR, but also for the spin dipole resonance and the isobaric analogue resonance as well as for the non-charge-exchange isoscalar giant monopole and isovector giant dipole and quadrupole resonances. (paper)
We propose to use the new ISOLDE decay station and the neutron detector VANDLE to measure the $\\beta$-delayed neutron emission of N=82-84 $^{130-132}$Cd isotopes. The large delayed neutron emission probability observed in a previous ISOLDE measurement is indicative of the Gamow-Teller transitions due to the decay of deep core neutrons. Core Gamow-Teller decay has been experimentally proven in the $^{78}$Ni region for the N>50 nuclei using the VANDLE array. The spectroscopic measurement of delayed neutron emission along the cadmium isotopic chain will allow us to track the evolution of the single particle states and the shell gap.
Theory of the carbon vacancy in 4 H -SiC: Crystal field and pseudo-Jahn-Teller effects
Coutinho, José; Torres, Vitor J. B.; Demmouche, Kamel; Öberg, Sven
2017-11-01
The carbon vacancy in 4 H -SiC is a powerful minority carrier recombination center in as-grown material and a major cause of degradation of SiC-based devices. Despite the extensiveness and maturity of the literature regarding the characterization and modeling of the defect, many fundamental questions persist. Among them, we have the shaky connection of the EPR data to the electrical measurements lacking sublattice site resolution, the physical origin of the pseudo-Jahn-Teller effect, the reasoning for the observed sublattice dependence of the paramagnetic states, and the severe temperature dependence of some hyperfine signals, which cannot be accounted for by a thermally activated dynamic averaging between equivalent Jahn-Teller distorted structures. In this work, we address these problems by means of semilocal and hybrid density functional calculations. We start by inventorying a total of four different vacancy structures from the analysis of relative energies. Diamagnetic states have well defined low-energy structures, whereas paramagnetic states display metastability. The reasoning for the rich structural variety is traced back to the filling of electronic states which are shaped by a crystal-field-dependent (and therefore site-dependent) pseudo-Jahn-Teller effect. From calculated minimum energy paths for defect rotation and transformation mechanisms, combined with the calculated formation energies and electrical levels, we arrived at a configuration-coordinate diagram of the defect. The diagram provides us with a detailed first-principles picture of the defect when subject to thermal excitations. The calculated acceptor and donor transitions agree well with the binding energies of electrons emitted from the Z1 /2 and EH6 /7 traps, respectively. From the comparison of calculated and measured U -values, and correlating the site-dependent formation energies with the relative intensity of the DLTS peaks in as-grown material, we assign Z1 (EH6) and Z2 (EH7) signals
Garcia-Fernandez, Pablo; Bersuker, Isaac B; Boggs, James E
2007-10-18
The unexpected bent geometries of some alkaline earth dihalides and dihydrides, ML(2) (M = Ca, Sr, Ba; L = H, F, Cl, Br) have been explained in the literature using various models that attribute the effect to different phenomena like covalency, metal core polarization, sd-hybridization, and electron pair repulsion. We employ (based on first principles) the pseudo Jahn-Teller effect, as the only source of instability of high-symmetry configurations in nondegenerate states, to analyze the origin of the geometry of these systems and show that this approach explains all of their main structural features, including the topology of the Laplacian of the electron density and the vibrational frequencies. The main contribution to the distortion of the linear configuration is due to the pseudo Jahn-Teller mixing by bending of the sigma(u) HOMO formed by the ligand orbitals with the unoccupied pig orbitals of the metal (with main d(xz) and d(yz) character), resulting in new covalency which stabilizes the bent configuration. We show that the model approaches to the problem, mentioned above, are either restricted particular cases of the pseudo Jahn-Teller interaction, or they yield very small contributions to the instability that do not explain the origin of the bending. All of our conclusions are supported by high-quality ab initio calculations.
Science and Technology Review, July-August 1998: Celebrating Edward Teller at 90
Smart, J.
1998-07-01
On the occasion of Edward Teller's 90th birthday, Science and Technology Review (S&TR) has the pleasure of honoring Lawrence Livermore's co-founder and most influential scientist. Teller is known for his inventive work in physics, his concepts leading to thermonuclear explosions, and his strong stands on such issues as science education, the nation's strategic defense, the needs for science in the future, and sharing scientific information. The articles in this issue also show him, as always, tirelessly moving forward with his new and changing interests.
The effective field treatment of the spin-1 Ashkin–Teller model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Santos, Jander P., E-mail: jander@ufsj.edu.br [Departamento de Ciências Naturais, Universidade Federal de São João del Rei, C.P. 110, CEP 36301-160, São João del Rei, MG (Brazil); Departamento de Matemática, Universidade Federal de São João del Rei, C.P. 110, CEP 36301-160, São João del Rei, MG (Brazil); Sá Barreto, F.C., E-mail: fcsabarreto@gmail.com [Departamento de Ciências Naturais, Universidade Federal de São João del Rei, C.P. 110, CEP 36301-160, São João del Rei, MG (Brazil); Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, C.P. 110, CEP 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)
2016-03-01
Spin correlation identities for the spin-1 Ashkin–Teller model are derived. From the spin correlation identities and effective field approximation results for the magnetization, the critical frontiers and tricritical points are obtained in the hexagonal lattice. The results of the effective field approximation are compared to those obtained by other methods. - Highlights: • Correlation identities for spin-1 Ashkin–Teller model on a hexagonal lattice are obtained. • From the spin correlation identities the effective-field theory is applied. • The effective-field theory is extended to locate first-order transitions. • Multicritical points are obtained according to this procedure.
Tantardini, Christian; Benassi, Enrico
2018-04-03
Cobaltite YBaCo4O7, abbreviated as Y114, is one of the most thoroughly investigated perovskites, owing largely to its interesting magnetic properties. Y114 is an insulator as a result of the cooperative Jahn-Teller effect, where one electron jumps quickly from one cobalt site to another, making it impossible to experimentally assign the correct oxidation state for each of the two cobalt sites. The present study solved the ambiguity by means of state-of-the-art DFT calculations. The two cobalt sites were differentiated through an analysis of charge density within the framework of the quantum theory of atoms in molecules.
Gamow–Teller resonances in the {sup 118}Sb compound nucleus: Puzzles of an experiment in Sarov
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Urin, M. H., E-mail: urin@theor.mephi.ru [National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Russian Federation)
2016-03-15
Contradictory data on the observation of Gamow–Teller resonances in the {sup 118}Sb compound nucleus are discussed along with the available interpretation of these data and planned experimental and theoretical investigations into Gamow–Teller resonances in a number of antimony isotopes.
He, JianJun; Xu, ShiWei; Ma, ShaoBo; Hu, Jun; Zhang, LiYong; Fu, ChangBo; Zhang, NingTao; Lian, Gang; Su, Jun; Li, YunJu; Yan, ShengQuan; Shen, YangPing; Hou, SuQing; Jia, BaoLu; Zhang, Tao; Zhang, XiaoPeng; Guo, Bing; Kubono, Shigeru; Liu, WeiPing
2016-05-01
In 2014, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) approved the Jinping Underground Nuclear Astrophysics laboratory (JUNA) project, which aims at direct cross-section measurements of four key stellar nuclear reactions right down to the Gamow windows. In order to solve the observed fluorine overabundances in Asymptotic Giant Branch (AGB) stars, measuring the key 19F(p,α)16O reaction at effective burning energies (i.e., at Gamow window) is established as one of the scientific research sub-projects. The present paper describes this sub-project in details, including motivation, status, experimental setup, yield and background estimation, aboveground test, as well as other relevant reactions.
Teller Training Module: Off-Line Banking System. High-Technology Training Module.
Lund, Candyce J.
This teller training module on offline banking systems is intended to be part of a postsecondary financial applications course. The module contains the following sections: module objective; specific objective; content--electronic audit machine key functions, practice packet--sample bank transactions and practicing procedures, and…
Dirac equation with spin symmetry for the modified Pöschl–Teller ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
effective nuclear shell-model scheme [7–9]. Also, various potentials such as the Morse potential [10–12], Wood–Saxon potential [13], Coulomb and Hartmann potentials [14],. Eckart potential [15,16], Pöschl–Teller potential [17,18] and the harmonic potential [19,20] have been studied within the framework of the spin and ...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Berg, Nelly; Hooper, Thomas N.; Liu, Junjie
2013-01-01
The heterobimetallic complex [Cu(II)Mn(III)(L)(2)(py)(4)](ClO(4))·EtOH (1) built using the pro-ligand 2,2'-biphenol (LH(2)), contains a rare example of a Jahn-Teller compressed Mn(III) centre. Dc magnetic susceptibility measurements on 1 reveal a strong antiferromagnetic exchange between the Cu...... anisotropy also correlates well with experiment. A larger cluster anisotropy for the S = 3/2 state compared to the single-ion anisotropy of Mn(III) is rationalised on the basis of orbital mixing and various contributions that arise due to the spin-orbit interaction....
The dynamical Renner--Teller effect. II. Rotationally inelastic scattering of NCO(X 2Π,0010)+He
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Macdonald, R.G.; Liu, K.
1992-01-01
State-resolved integral cross sections for the inelastic scattering of the Hund's case (a) radical NCO(X 2 Π) by He have been measured in a crossed-beam apparatus. Two different types of measurements are reported: (1) state-resolved integral cross sections at fixed collision energies from 0.94--3.05 kcal mol -1 and (2) the collision energy dependence of state-specific product states for both 2 Π 3/2 and 2 Π 1/2 spin--orbit states of NCO(X 2 Π,00 1 0). As in a preliminary account of this work for E 0 =3.74 kcal mol -1 [J. Phys. Chem. 91, 9630 (1991)], herein referred to as part I, dramatically different rotational level distributions were found for spin--orbit conserving or changing collisions. It is argued that this behavior and many other observations on this system are generic to the inelastic scattering of Hund's case (a) 2 Π radicals. A conceptual framework to understand these results is elucidated in detail. The direct connection between the experimental observables and the Hund's case classification is made for the inelastic scattering of radicals. This connection can be viewed as a dynamical consequence of the Renner--Teller effect
Nuclear structure information from nucleon-nucleus scattering experiments at TRIUMF
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Haeusser, O.
1989-02-01
We discuss a variety of forward-angle measurements of cross sections for (n,p), (p,p') and (p,n) reactions which were carried out using the medium-resolution spectrometer (MRS) at TRIUMF. The ratio of L=0 isovector spinflip cross section and Gamow-Teller strength has been investigated at 200-450 MeV for several strong transitions of known B(GT) in p-shell nuclei. Isospin symmetry in N-nucleus reactions has been tested for Gamow-Teller transitions to isospin triads in A=6 and A=12 nuclei. The prospects of identifying orbital and meson exchange current contributions in M1 transitions from a state-by-state comparison of M1 and Gamow-Teller strength in sd shell nuclei are discussed. Finally we describe a test of the Gamow-Teller sum rule in 54 Fe where both S - and S + strength are substantial and have been extracted from a multipole decomposition of (p,n) and (n,p) angular distributions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Polinger, V., E-mail: polinv@uw.edu [Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1560 (United States); Garcia-Fernandez, P. [Ciencias de la Tierra y Física de la Materia Condensada, Universidad de Cantabria, Avenida de los Castros s/n, E-39005 Santander (Spain); Bersuker, I.B. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712-0165 (United States)
2015-01-15
The local origin of dipolar distortions in ABO{sub 3} perovskite crystals is reexamined by means of a novel approach, the Green's function method augmented by DFT computations. The ferroelectric distortions are shown to be induced by the pseudo Jahn–Teller effect (PJTE). The latter involves vibronic hybridization (admixture) of the ground state to same-spin opposite-parity excited electronic bands. Similar to numerous molecular calculations, the PJT approach provides a deeper insight into the nature of chemical bonding in the octahedral cluster [BO{sub 6}] and, in particular, reveals the local origin of its polar instability. This allows predicting directly which transition ions can create ferroelectricity. In particular, the necessary conditions are established when an ABO{sub 3} perovskite crystal with an electronic d{sup n} configuration of the complex ion [BO{sub 6}] can possess both proper ferroelectric and magnetic properties. Distinguished from the variety of cluster approaches to local properties, the Green's function method includes the influence of the local vibronic-coupling perturbation on the whole crystal via the inter-cell interaction responsible for creation of electronic and vibrational bands. Calculated Green's functions combined with the corresponding numeric estimates for the nine electronic bands, their density of states, and the local adiabatic potential energy surface (APES) confirm the eight-minimum form of this surface and feasibility of the PJT origin of the polar instability in BaTiO{sub 3}. We show also that multicenter long-range dipole–dipole interactions critically depend on the PJTE largely determining the magnitude of the local dipoles. DFT calculations for the bulk crystal and its clusters confirm that the dipolar distortions are of local origin, but become possible only when their influence on (relaxation of) the whole lattice is taken into account. The results are shown to be in full qualitative and
Band Jahn-Teller structural phase transition in Y2In
Svanidze, E.; Georgen, C.; Hallas, A. M.; Huang, Q.; Santiago, J. M.; Lynn, J. W.; Morosan, E.
2018-02-01
The number of paramagnetic materials that undergo a structural phase transition is rather small, which can perhaps explain the limited understanding of the band Jahn-Teller mechanism responsible for this effect. Here we present a structural phase transition observed in paramagnetic Y2In at temperature T0=250 ±5 K. Below T0, the high-temperature hexagonal P 63/m m c phase transforms into the low-temperature orthorhombic P n m a phase. This transition is accompanied by an unambiguous thermal hysteresis of about 10 K, observed in both magnetic susceptibility M /H (T ) and resistivity ρ (T ) , indicating a first-order transition. Band structure calculations suggest a band Jahn-Teller mechanism, during which the degeneracy of electron bands close to the Fermi energy is broken. We establish that this structural phase transition does not have a magnetic component; however, the possibility of a charge density wave formation has not been eliminated.
Mechanisms of localization in isotope-substituted dynamical Jahn-Teller systems
Iwahara, Naoya; Sato, Tohru; Tanaka, Kazuyoshi; Chibotaru, Liviu F.
2012-11-01
The mechanisms of localization of Jahn-Teller deformations and vibronic wave functions in isotope-substituted dynamical Jahn-Teller systems are elucidated. It is found that the localization in the trough is of potential type in the case of strong vibronic coupling, while it becomes of kinetic type in the case of intermediate and weak coupling. It is shown that the vibronic levels in the linear E⊗e problem remain double degenerate upon arbitrary isotope substitution on the reasons similar to time reversal symmetry in which the role of spin is played by orbital pseudospin. This paper is dedicated to Prof. Isaac Bersuker on the occasion of his 85th birthday.
Renner-Teller effects in the photoelectron spectra of CNC, CCN, and HCCN.
Coudert, Laurent H; Gans, Bérenger; Garcia, Gustavo A; Loison, Jean-Christophe
2018-02-07
The line intensity of photoelectron spectra when either the neutral or cationic species display a Renner-Teller coupling is derived and applied to the modeling of the photoelectron spectra of CNC, CCN, and HCCN. The rovibronic energy levels of these three radicals and of their cations are investigated starting from ab initio results. A model treating simultaneously the bending mode and the overall rotation is developed to deal with the quasilinearity problem in CNC + , CCN + , and HCCN and accounts for the large amplitude nature of their bending mode. This model is extended to treat the Renner-Teller coupling in CNC, CCN, and HCCN + . Based on the derived photoelectron line intensity, the photoelectron spectra of all three molecules are calculated and compared to the experimental ones.
Matrix elements of u and p for the modified Poeschl-Teller potential
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gomez-Camacho, J; Lemus, R; Arias, J M
2004-01-01
Closed analytical expressions in terms of a single sum are obtained for the matrix elements of the momentum and the natural variable u tanh(αx) in the basis of the modified Poeschl-Teller (MPT) bound eigenstates. These matrix elements are first expressed in terms of Franck-Condon factors, which thereafter are substituted for analytic expressions. Expansions of the variables p and u in terms of creation and annihilation operators associated with the MPT bound eigenfunctions are also presented
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ikhdair, Sameer M., E-mail: sikhdair@neu.edu.tr [Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Near East University, 922022 Nicosia, Northern Cyprus (Turkey); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, An-Najah National University, New Campus, Nablus, West Bank, Palestine (Country Unknown); Falaye, Babatunde J., E-mail: fbjames11@physicist.net [Theoretical Physics Section, Department of Physics, University of Ilorin, P.M.B. 1515, Ilorin (Nigeria)
2013-06-27
Highlights: • Solutions of Schrödinger equation in the presence of Pöschl–Teller potential is obtained. • Solutions of Dirac equation in the presence of Pöschl–Teller potential is obtained. • Rotational and vibrational energy eigenvalues of some diatomic molecules are calculated. • Thermodynamics properties of some diatomic molecules are obtained. - Abstract: We apply the asymptotic iteration method (AIM) to obtain the solutions of Schrödinger equation in the presence of Pöschl–Teller (PT) potential. We also obtain the solutions of Dirac equation for the same potential under the condition of spin and pseudospin (p-spin) symmetries. We show that in the nonrelativistic limits, the solution of Dirac system converges to that of Schrödinger system. Rotational and vibrational energy eigenvalues of some diatomic molecules are calculated. Some special cases of interest are studied such as S-wave case, reflectionless-type potential and symmetric hyperbolic PT potential. Furthermore, we present a high temperature partition function in order to study the behavior of the thermodynamic functions such as the vibrational mean energy U, specific heat C, free energy F and entropy S.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Libby, S B
2010-12-29
Much has been written about Edward TEller, but little of it is objective. Given, on the one hand, his position as one of the most inventive theoretical physicists of the 20th century, and on the other, his central role in the development and advocacy of thermonuclear weapons, one might imagine it impossible at this point in history to write a scholarly, impartial account of Teller's life and his impact. Now, however, Istvan Hargittai, a prominent Hungarian physical chemist and historian of science, has written a balanced, thoughtful, and beautifully research biography that comes closest. Hargittai is uniquely qualified for this difficult task. Coming a generation and a half later from a similar Hungarian-Jewish background, Hargittai understands well the influences and terrible events that shaped Teller. The advent of virulent, political anti-Semitism, first in Hungary and then in Germany, made Teller twice a refugee. Both Teller and Hargittai lost close family in the Holocaust; Hargittai was himself liberated from a Nazi concentration camp as a child. While Teller was in the US by then, his and Hargittai's surviving family members in Hungary suffered mistreatment at the hands of the postwar Hungarian Communist dictatorship. Hargittai's informed Eastern European perspective also provides a fresh viewpoint to the cold war context of the second half of Teller's career. Furthermore, Hargittai's own scientific work in molecular structure clearly makes him appreciate of Teller's breakthroughs in that field in the 1930s.
Sanz-Ortiz, M. N.; Rodríguez, F.; Baranov, A.; Demazeau, G.
2008-07-01
The objective is to explore through optical spectroscopy and magnetic measurements the coordination and electronic structures of transition-metal ions introduced as impurities with unusual valence states in the oxide perovskite LaAlO3. The selected transition-metal ions Ni3+(3d7) and Co3+(3d6) are characterized by an electronic configuration likely leading to an orbital degenerate E state in Oh symmetry, and thus electron-lattice coupling due to the Jahn-Teller effect may induce low symmetry distortion around the impurity oxygen octahedron. We show that a sol-gel process followed by high oxygen pressure treatments yields stabilization of trivalent state in oxide perovskite. Information about the coordination, electronic structure and aggregation around the magnetic impurity was obtained from X-ray diffraction, FTIR and optical spectroscopy. Finally, evidence on the possible existence of intermediate spin state in Co3+ is under consideration.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sanz-Ortiz, M N; RodrIguez, F; Baranov, A; Demazeau, G
2008-01-01
The objective is to explore through optical spectroscopy and magnetic measurements the coordination and electronic structures of transition-metal ions introduced as impurities with unusual valence states in the oxide perovskite LaAlO 3 . The selected transition-metal ions Ni 3+ (3d 7 ) and Co 3+ (3d 6 ) are characterized by an electronic configuration likely leading to an orbital degenerate E state in Oh symmetry, and thus electron-lattice coupling due to the Jahn-Teller effect may induce low symmetry distortion around the impurity oxygen octahedron. We show that a sol-gel process followed by high oxygen pressure treatments yields stabilization of trivalent state in oxide perovskite. Information about the coordination, electronic structure and aggregation around the magnetic impurity was obtained from X-ray diffraction, FTIR and optical spectroscopy. Finally, evidence on the possible existence of intermediate spin state in Co 3+ is under consideration
Héraud, Jean-Loup; Lautesse, Philippe; Ferlin, Fabrice; Chabot, Hugues
2017-05-01
Our work extends a previous study of epistemological presuppositions in teaching quantum physics in upper scientific secondary school in France. Here, the problematic reference of quantum theory's concepts is treated at the ontological level (the counterintuitive nature of quantum objects). We consider the approach of using narratives describing possible alternative worlds to address the issue. These possible worlds are based on the counterfactual logic developed in the work of D. Lewis. We will show that the narratives written by G. Gamow describe such possible worlds. Some parts of these narratives are found in textbooks in France. These worlds are governed by laws similar to but importantly different from those in our real world. They allow us to materialize properties inaccessible to everyday experience. In this sense, these fiction stories make ontological propositions concerning the nature and structure of the fundamental elements of our physical universe.
Peters, William K.; Tiwari, Vivek; Jonas, David M.
2017-11-01
The nonadiabatic states and dynamics are investigated for a linear vibronic coupling Hamiltonian with a static electronic splitting and weak off-diagonal Jahn-Teller coupling through a single vibration with a vibrational-electronic resonance. With a transformation of the electronic basis, this Hamiltonian is also applicable to the anti-correlated vibration in a symmetric homodimer with marginally strong constant off-diagonal coupling, where the non-adiabatic states and dynamics model electronic excitation energy transfer or self-exchange electron transfer. For parameters modeling a free-base naphthalocyanine, the nonadiabatic couplings are deeply quantum mechanical and depend on wavepacket width; scalar couplings are as important as the derivative couplings that are usually interpreted to depend on vibrational velocity in semiclassical curve crossing or surface hopping theories. A colored visualization scheme that fully characterizes the non-adiabatic states using the exact factorization is developed. The nonadiabatic states in this nested funnel have nodeless vibrational factors with strongly avoided zeroes in their vibrational probability densities. Vibronic dynamics are visualized through the vibrational coordinate dependent density of the time-dependent dipole moment in free induction decay. Vibrational motion is amplified by the nonadiabatic couplings, with asymmetric and anisotropic motions that depend upon the excitation polarization in the molecular frame and can be reversed by a change in polarization. This generates a vibrational quantum beat anisotropy in excess of 2/5. The amplitude of vibrational motion can be larger than that on the uncoupled potentials, and the electronic population transfer is maximized within one vibrational period. Most of these dynamics are missed by the adiabatic approximation, and some electronic and vibrational motions are completely suppressed by the Condon approximation of a coordinate-independent transition dipole between
Effect of Jahn-Teller distortion on the short range magnetic order in copper ferrite
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abdellatif, M.H., E-mail: Mohamed.abdellatif@iit.it [Nanostrctures Department, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, via Morego 30, I-16163 Genova (Italy); Innocenti, Claudia [INSTM—Department of Chemistry, University of Florence, via della Lastruccia 3, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino, FI (Italy); Liakos, Ioannis [Nanostrctures Department, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, via Morego 30, I-16163 Genova (Italy); Scarpellini, Alice; Marras, Sergio [Nanochemistry Department, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, via Morego 30, I-16163 Genova (Italy); Salerno, Marco [Nanostrctures Department, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, via Morego 30, I-16163 Genova (Italy)
2017-02-15
Copper ferrite of spinel crystal structure was synthesized in the form of nano-particles using citrate-gel auto-combustion method. The sample morphology and composition were identified using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray spectroscopy. The latter technique reveals an inverse spinel structure with Jahn-Teller tetragonal distortion. The static magnetization was measured using vibrating sample magnetometer. Magnetic force microscopy was used in combination with the magnetization data to demonstrate the finite size effect of the magnetic spins and their casting behavior due to the introduction of copper ions in the tetrahedral magnetic sub-lattices, which results in tetragonal distorting the spinel structure of the copper ferrite. The magnetic properties of materials are a result of the collective behavior of the magnetic spins, and magnetic force microscopy can probe the collective behavior of the magnetic spins in copper ferrite, yet providing a sufficient resolution to map the effects below the micrometer size scale, such as the magnetic spin canting. A theoretical study was done to clarify the finite size effect of Jahn-Teller distortion on the magnetic properties of the material. When the particles are in the nano-scale, below the single domain size, their magnetic properties are very sensitive to their size change. - Highlights: • The spin canting due to Jahn-Teller distortion in Copper ferrite can be detected using magnetic force microscope. • The contrast in the magnetic AFM image can be analyzed to give information not only about the surface spins but also about the canting of the core spins inside the aggregated cluster of magnetic nanoparticle.
Wave-Vector Dependence of the Jahn-Teller Interactions in TmVO4
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kjems, Jørgen; Hayes, W.; Smith, S. H.
1975-01-01
The resonant Jahn-Teller coupling of the B2g acoustic phonon and the Zeeman-split ground doublet in TmVO4 has been studied by inelastic neutron scattering. Tuning of the magnetic field provides a means for investigating the wave-vector dependence of the interactions. We find that the coupling...... is constant in the region where the phonon dispersion is linear, up to 0.4 of the distance to the zone boundary. This agrees with the predictions of a Debye model....
Sadhasivam, Jayakumar; Alamelu, M.; Radhika, R.; Ramya, S.; Dharani, K.; Jayavel, Senthil
2017-11-01
Now a days the people's attraction towards Automated Teller Machine(ATM) has been increasing even in rural areas. As of now the security provided by all the bank is ATM pin number. Hackers know the way to easily identify the pin number and withdraw money if they haven stolen the ATM card. Also, the Automated Teller Machine is broken and the money is stolen. To overcome these disadvantages, we propose an approach “Automated Secure Tracking System” to secure and tracking the changes in ATM. In this approach, while creating the bank account, the bank should scan the iris known (a part or movement of our eye) and fingerprint of the customer. The scanning can be done with the position of the eye movements and fingerprints identified with the shortest measurements. When the card is swiped then ATM should request the pin, scan the iris and recognize the fingerprint and then allow the customer to withdraw money. If somebody tries to break the ATM an alert message is given to the nearby police station and the ATM shutter is automatically closed. This helps in avoiding the hackers who withdraw money by stealing the ATM card and also helps the government in identifying the criminals easily.
On the relation between Jahn-Teller ordering and charge ordering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Eijndhoven, J.C.M van.
1978-01-01
This thesis compares the structures of KCusup(II)F 3 and Cs 2 Ausup(I)Ausup(III)Cl 6 . Both compounds have a structure that can be thought to result from a deformation of the cubic perovskite structure. The deformation of KCusup(II)F 3 is a result of a cooperative Jahn-Teller effect and the deformation of Cs 2 Ausup(I)Ausup(III)Cl 6 results in two sublattices. The structures of both compounds result from a continuous phase transition from the cubic pervskite structure due to a deformation of symmetry. Using local coordinates and a calculation of the electron-lattice interaction in a static approximation, four structure types were derived. One is the structure of Cs 2 AuAuCl 6 at ambient temperature and pressure and the second contains a group of structures corresponding to the structures found for KCuF 3 . The third structure type was recently suggested for Cs 2 AuAuCl 6 under pressure and the fourth has not been found experimentally. Two types show a Jahn-Teller ordering and the other two charge ordering (Auth./C.F.)
Assessment of visual acuity in patients with dementia using teller acuity cards.
Ciocler Froiman, Priscila; Dantas, Paulo Elias Correa
2013-06-01
Assessing visual acuity in adults or children at an eye exam is generally simple and has become routine procedure in clinical practice. However, depending on severity and stage of clinical evolution, elderly patients with dementia may experience difficulties performing tests of recognition, because these tests depend not only on perception, but also cognition and its response. Testing visual functions in such cases represents a challenge in clinical practice and a task that requires proper skills and methods. To evaluate the effectiveness of objective measurement of visual acuity by behavioral methods using Teller acuity cards in elderly patients with dementia, diagnosed with presumed Alzheimer's disease. The visual acuity of 20 elderly patients diagnosed with presumed Alzheimer's disease and 24 controls with no cognitive impairment was assessed using the recognition method (Lea symbols) and resolution grating method (Teller acuity cards). The results found for the two methods were statistically well correlated. An alternative method for assessing visual function in patients with Alzheimer's disease, even at early stages, is of utmost relevance not only for monitoring disease progression, but also to quantitatively determine the impact of eye treatments and determine potential visual loss, guiding optical and non-optical strategies for optimal use of residual vision.
GeneStoryTeller: a mobile app for quick and comprehensive information retrieval of human genes.
Eleftheriou, Stergiani V; Bourdakou, Marilena M; Athanasiadis, Emmanouil I; Spyrou, George M
2015-01-01
In the last few years, mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets have become an integral part of everyday life, due to their software/hardware rapid development, as well as the increased portability they offer. Nevertheless, up to now, only few Apps have been developed in the field of bioinformatics, capable to perform fast and robust access to services. We have developed the GeneStoryTeller, a mobile application for Android platforms, where users are able to instantly retrieve information regarding any recorded human gene, derived from eight publicly available databases, as a summary story. Complementary information regarding gene-drugs interactions, functional annotation and disease associations for each selected gene is also provided in the gene story. The most challenging part during the development of the GeneStoryTeller was to keep balance between storing data locally within the app and obtaining the updated content dynamically via a network connection. This was accomplished with the implementation of an administrative site where data are curated and synchronized with the application requiring a minimum human intervention. © The Author(s) 2015. Published by Oxford University Press.
Ahmad, Nabihah; Rifen, A. Aminurdin M.; Helmy Abd Wahab, Mohd
2016-11-01
Automated Teller Machine (ATM) is an electronic banking outlet that allows bank customers to complete a banking transactions without the aid of any bank official or teller. Several problems are associated with the use of ATM card such card cloning, card damaging, card expiring, cast skimming, cost of issuance and maintenance and accessing customer account by third parties. The aim of this project is to give a freedom to the user by changing the card to biometric security system to access the bank account using Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm. The project is implemented using Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) DE2-115 board with Cyclone IV device, fingerprint scanner, and Multi-Touch Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Second Edition (MTL2) using Very High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware (VHSIC) Description Language (VHDL). This project used 128-bits AES for recommend the device with the throughput around 19.016Gbps and utilized around 520 slices. This design offers a secure banking transaction with a low rea and high performance and very suited for restricted space environments for small amounts of RAM or ROM where either encryption or decryption is performed.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
C Cari
2013-05-01
Full Text Available Persamaan Dirac dengan potensial skalar dan vektor yang sama yang merupakan potensial non-sentral hasil kombinasi potensial Rosen-Morse hiperbolik terdeformasi q dengan potensial non-sentral Poschl-Teller diselesaikan dengan polinomial Romanovski. Spektrum energi dan fungsi gelombang relativistik terdeformasi diperoleh dari persamaan Dirac bagian radial sedangkan dari persamaan Dirac bagian sudut polar diperoleh bilangan kuantum orbital terdeformasi dan fungsi gelombang polar relativistik terdeformasi. Spektrum energi relativistik tereduksi menjadi spektrum energi non-relativistik pada batas non-relativistik. Hadirnya potensial Poschl-Teller menyebabkan meningkatnya spektrum energi sistem.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Natadze, A.L.; Ryskin, A.I.
1980-01-01
The Jahn-Teller (JT) interaction energy is calculated for 5 T 2 and 5 E states of the Cr 2+ ion in ZnS, ZnSe, and ZnTe crystals. The calculations are made within the framework of a particular microscopic model of the crystal field in the distorted crystal (model of point-like exchange charges), the multimode interaction is taken into account. For the 5 T 2 term the energies of interaction with tetragonal and trigonal modes are of the same order of magnitude. This circumstance results in a small height of the barriers that separate various minima of the adiabatic potential and is responsible for the dynamic aspect of the static JT effect in these systems. (author)
Technology and older adults: factors affecting the adoption of automatic teller machines.
Smither, J A; Braun, C C
1994-10-01
Although technology can benefit service providers, caregivers, and the elderly, its application in an aging society can bring special challenges. This study looked at older adults' adoption of one technology that is highly prevalent in modern society--the automatic teller machine (ATM). The findings indicated that users and nonusers differed in mechanical reasoning skills and in attitudes toward ATM technology. Older adults with higher mechanical reasoning skills were more likely to be ATM users. Nonusers had more negative attitudes toward ATMs, and, among nonusers, those who had tried an ATM had more positive attitudes than those who had never tried one. The findings of this study are discussed in terms of factors that may affect the adoption of other technologies by older adults. Suggestions for increasing the acceptance of technologies by the elderly are also addressed.
IMPACT OF NEW GAMOW–TELLER STRENGTHS ON EXPLOSIVE TYPE IA SUPERNOVA NUCLEOSYNTHESIS
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mori, Kanji; Famiano, Michael A.; Kajino, Toshitaka; Suzuki, Toshio [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Hidaka, Jun [Mechanical Engineering Department, Meisei University, 2-1-1 Hodokubo, Hino, Tokyo 191-8506 (Japan); Honma, Michio [Center for Mathematical Sciences, University of Aizu, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Fukushima 965-8580 (Japan); Iwamoto, Koichi [Department of Physics, College of Science and Technology, Nihon University, Tokyo 101-8308 (Japan); Nomoto, Ken’ichi [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Otsuka, Takaharu, E-mail: kanji.mori@nao.ac.jp, E-mail: kajino@nao.ac.jp, E-mail: michael.famiano@wmich.edu, E-mail: suzuki@phys.chs.nihon-u.ac.jp, E-mail: jun.hidaka@meisei-u.ac.jp, E-mail: m-honma@u-aizu.ac.jp, E-mail: iwamoto@phys.cst.nihon-u.ac.jp, E-mail: nomoto@astron.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp, E-mail: otsuka@phys.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)
2016-12-20
Recent experimental results have confirmed a possible reduction in the Gamow–Teller (GT{sub +}) strengths of pf-shell nuclei. These proton-rich nuclei are of relevance in the deflagration and explosive burning phases of SNe Ia. While prior GT strengths result in nucleosynthesis predictions with a lower-than-expected electron fraction, a reduction in the GT{sub +} strength can result in a slightly increased electron fraction compared to previous shell model predictions, though the enhancement is not as large as previous enhancements in going from rates computed by Fuller, Fowler, and Newman based on an independent particle model. A shell model parametrization has been developed that more closely matches experimental GT strengths. The resultant electron-capture rates are used in nucleosynthesis calculations for carbon deflagration and explosion phases of SNe Ia, and the final mass fractions are compared to those obtained using more commonly used rates.
Signatures of Herzberg-Teller coupling in three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy.
Bizimana, Laurie A; Carbery, William P; Gellen, Tobias A; Turner, Daniel B
2017-02-28
The coupling between electronic and nuclear variables is a key consideration in molecular dynamics and spectroscopy. However, simulations that include detailed vibronic coupling terms are challenging to perform, and thus a variety of approximations can be used to model and interpret experimental results. Recent work shows that these simplified models can be inadequate. It is therefore important to understand spectroscopic signals that can identify failures of those approximations. Here we use an extended response-function method to simulate coherent three-dimensional electronic spectroscopy (3D ES) and study the sensitivity of this method to the breakdown of the Franck-Condon approximation. The simulations include a coordinate-dependent transition dipole operator that produces nodes, phase shifts, and peak patterns in 3D ES that can be used to identify Herzberg-Teller coupling. Guided by the simulation results, we interpret measurements on a molecular aggregate.
Jahn-Teller distortions, cation ordering and octahedral tilting in perovskites
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lufaso, M.W.; Woodward, P.M.
2004-01-01
In transition metal oxides, preferential occupation of specific d orbitals on the transition metal ion can lead to the development of a long-range ordered pattern of occupied orbitals. This phenomenon, referred to as orbital ordering, is usually observed indirectly from the cooperative Jahn-Teller distortions (CJTDs) that result as a consequence of the orbital ordering. This paper examines the interplay between orbital ordering, octahedral tilting and cation ordering in perovskites. Both ternary AMX 3 perovskites containing an active Jahn-Teller (J-T) ion on the octahedral site and quaternary A 2 MM'X 6 perovskites containing a J-T ion on one-half of the octahedral sites have been examined. In AMX 3 perovskites, the tendency is for the occupied 3d 3x 2 -r 2 and 3d 3z 2 -r 2 orbitals to order in the ac plane, as exemplified by the crystal structures of LaMnO 3 and KCuF 3 . This arrangement maintains a favorable coordination environment for the anion sites. In AMX 3 perovskites, octahedral tilting tends to enhance the magnitude of the J-T distortions. In A 2 MM'X 6 perovskites, the tendency is for the occupied 3d 3z 2 -r 2 orbitals to align parallel to the c axis. This pattern maintains a favorable coordination environment about the symmetric M'-cation site. The orbital ordering found in rock-salt ordered A 2 MM'X 6 perovskites is compatible with octahedral rotations about the c axis (Glazer tilt system a 0 a 0 c - ) but appears to be incompatible with GdFeO 3 -type octahedral tilting (tilt system - b + a - ). (orig.)
van Anholt, Roel G.; Coelho, Leandro C.; Laporte, Gilbert; Vis, Iris F. A.
The purpose of this paper is to introduce, model, and solve a rich multiperiod inventory-routing problem with pickups and deliveries motivated by the replenishment of automated teller machines in the Netherlands. Commodities can be brought to and from the depot, as well as being exchanged among
Van Anholt, Roel G.; Coelho, Leandro C.; Laporte, Gilbert; Vis, Iris F.A.
2016-01-01
The purpose of this paper is to introduce, model, and solve a rich multiperiod inventory-routing problem with pickups and deliveries motivated by the replenishment of automated teller machines in the Netherlands. Commodities can be brought to and from the depot, as well as being exchanged among
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ilkhani, Ali R. [Institute for Theoretical Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Hermoso, Willian [Institute for Theoretical Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Bersuker, Isaac B., E-mail: bersuker@cm.utexas.edu [Institute for Theoretical Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Institute of Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova (Moldova, Republic of)
2015-10-16
Highlights: • We report detailed electronic structure and vibronic coupling calculations of molecular hexa-heterocycles. • Revealed the pseudo Jahn-Teller mechanism of their planar instability. • The results are important for rationalizing the origin and possible manipulation of their properties. - Abstract: The driving force of symmetry breaking in planar molecular-ring systems in nondegenerate states is the pseudo Jahn-Teller effect (PJTE), and the knowledge of the mechanism of the latter allows one to manipulate the molecular properties, in particular, by restoring the planar configuration. We explore the PJTE induced structural nonplanarity in a series of 12 hexa-heterocycles with a C{sub 4}X{sub 2} skeleton, 1,2- and 1,4-dichalcogenins with X = O, S, Se, Te, and a variety of ligands (H, F, Cl, Br). All the structures are optimized in both distorted equilibrium and unstable planar configurations, and the vibrational frequencies of the latter are evaluated. Then the energy profiles of the ground and several excited states in the planar configuration along the coordinate of instability are calculated, the excited states producing the instability of the ground state via the PJTE are revealed, and the vibronic coupling constants are estimated by means of fitting the solutions of the secular equations to the corresponding energy profiles.
Pseudo Jahn-Teller effect in the origin of enhanced flexoelectricity
Bersuker, I. B.
2015-01-01
The controversy between the theory and experiment in explaining the origin of enhanced flexoelectricity is removed by taking into account the pseudo Jahn-Teller effect (PJTE) which, under certain conditions, creates local dipolar distortions of dynamic nature, resonating between two or more equivalent orientations. The latter become nonequivalent under a strain gradient thus producing enhanced flexoelectricity: it is much easier to orient ready-made dipoles than to polarize an ionic solid. For BaTiO3, the obtained earlier numerical data for the adiabatic potential energy surface in the space of dipolar displacements in the Ti centers were used to estimate the flexoelectric coefficient f in the paraelectric phase in a one-dimensional model with the strain gradient along the [111] direction: f = -0.43 × 10-6 Cm-1. This eliminates the huge contradiction between the experimental data of f ˜ μ Cm-1 for this case and the theoretical predictions (without the PJTE) of 3-4 orders-of-magnitude smaller values. Enhanced flexoelectricity is thus expected in solids with a sufficient density of centers that have PJTE induced dipolar instabilities. It explains also the origin of enhanced flexoelectricity observed in other solids, noticeable containing Nb perovskite centers which are known to have a PJTE instability, similar to that of Ti centers. The SrTiO3 crystal as a virtual ferroelectric in which the strain gradient eases the condition of PJTE polar instability is also discussed.
Li, X. T.; Korotchenko, K. B.; Kunashenko, Yu. P.
2018-03-01
In the framework of quantum mechanics, we investigate muon channeling in the Si (200) crystal. The transverse energy levels and wave functions are obtained for the Pöschl-Teller and the Doyle-Turner potentials. Comparative analysis demonstrates that analytical results of calculations obtained on the base of the Pöschl-Teller potential are in a good agreement with the numerical results of calculations in the Doyle-Turner model for the low energy levels. These results for the muon with rest mass mμ and relativistic factor γ are valid for any particle with elementary charge and rest mass m and relativistic factor γm = γ (mμ/m). Therefore, our results can be useful for the preparation and performing the experimental investigation of the various phenomena accompanying particle channeling.
2016-09-01
Brun- nauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface adsorption method. This protocol has been developed to describe the theory , application, limitations and...provide a foundational understanding of the steps involved, how to per- form them in a repeatable and reliable manner, and to provide the theory behind...property of their respective owners . The findings of this report are not to be construed as an official Department of the Army position unless so
Optical detection of magnetic resonance of the F-centre in CaO in its phosphorescent state
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Krap, C.J.
1980-01-01
The F-centre in CaO consists of two electrons trapped in an oxygen vacancy. The centre possesses bound excited states, of which the phosphorescent 3 Tsub(1u) state is a Jahn-Teller state. Jahn-Teller systems have been of interest in many investigations. However, detailed experimental studies about the relaxation paths for the Jahn-Teller states are relatively few. The author studies by means of optical detection of magnetic resonance (ODMR) and phosphorescence microwave double resonance (PMDR) techniques the relaxation between the components of the 3 Tsub(1u) state, the magnetic properties of the individual spin-vibronic Jahn-Teller states and the inhomogeneous line broadening in the ODMR and PMDR spectra. (Auth.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Horowitz, C.J.; Macfarlane, M.H.; Serot, B.D.
1988-01-01
In the period covered by this report (April 1, 1987 to March 31, 1988), work focused on five main areas: Relativistic Theories of Nuclear Structure and Saturation; Relativistic Descriptions of Proton-Nucleus Scattering; Multipole Sum Rules and Ground-State Correlations; Gamow-Teller Excitations in Nuclear Charge-Exchange Reactions; Relativistic Many-Body Theory at Finite Temperature and Density. Results and publications in these areas are summarized in this report. 32 refs., 1 fig
Shape effects in the vicinity of the Z=82 line: study of the $\\beta$-decay of $^{182,184,186}$Hg
This proposal is aimed at the study of the $\\beta$-decay of the neutron-deficient $^{182,184,186}$Hg nuclei using the total absorption technique. Recent theoretical results show that, from measurements of the Gamow-Teller strength distribution, the shapes of the ground states of the decaying Hg nuclei can be inferred. This study offers an independent way to study the phenomenon of shape coexistence in a region of particular interest.
Toward correction-free 8Li(α, n)11B data at the Gamow energy of explosive nucleosynthesis
La Cognata, M.; Del Zoppo, A.; Alba, R.; Cherubini, S.; Colonna, N.; Di Pietro, A.; Figuera, P.; Gulino, M.; Lamia, L.; Musumarra, A.; Pellegriti, M. G.; Pizzone, R. G.; Rolfs, C.; Romano, S.; Spitaleri, C.; Tumino, A.
2010-10-01
The 8Li+4He → 11B+n reaction inside the center-of-mass energy region Ecm = 0.5-2.5 MeV, corresponding to the temperature range T9 = 1-5, is of relevant interest in the fields of nuclear cosmology and nuclear astrophysics. In the context of Big Bang nucleosynthesis, it has been invoked to overcome the A = 8 mass gap; in r-process nucleosynthesis, it is considered a candidate precursor of seed nuclei. In this experimental work, the cross section, summed over all 11B final bound states, at the energy of 1.05 MeV in the center-of-mass system, is investigated by a correction-free projectile-correlated inclusive neutron measurement. The radioactive 8Li beam delivered by the EXCYT facility at LNS-Catania is used to induce the inverse-kinematics reaction process. A zero-energy-threshold 4π detection system is used. Thanks to the improved experimental and analysis procedures, the result obtained in this work represents a strong argument to reopen the debate on the magnitude of the 8Li(α, n)11B reaction rate in explosive astrophysical environments.
Microbial Community Patterns Associated with Automated Teller Machine Keypads in New York City.
Bik, Holly M; Maritz, Julia M; Luong, Albert; Shin, Hakdong; Dominguez-Bello, Maria Gloria; Carlton, Jane M
2016-01-01
In densely populated urban environments, the distribution of microbes and the drivers of microbial community assemblages are not well understood. In sprawling metropolitan habitats, the "urban microbiome" may represent a mix of human-associated and environmental taxa. Here we carried out a baseline study of automated teller machine (ATM) keypads in New York City (NYC). Our goal was to describe the biodiversity and biogeography of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic microbes in an urban setting while assessing the potential source of microbial assemblages on ATM keypads. Microbial swab samples were collected from three boroughs (Manhattan, Queens, and Brooklyn) during June and July 2014, followed by generation of Illumina MiSeq datasets for bacterial (16S rRNA) and eukaryotic (18S rRNA) marker genes. Downstream analysis was carried out in the QIIME pipeline, in conjunction with neighborhood metadata (ethnicity, population, age groups) from the NYC Open Data portal. Neither the 16S nor 18S rRNA datasets showed any clustering patterns related to geography or neighborhood demographics. Bacterial assemblages on ATM keypads were dominated by taxonomic groups known to be associated with human skin communities ( Actinobacteria , Bacteroides , Firmicutes , and Proteobacteria ), although SourceTracker analysis was unable to identify the source habitat for the majority of taxa. Eukaryotic assemblages were dominated by fungal taxa as well as by a low-diversity protist community containing both free-living and potentially pathogenic taxa ( Toxoplasma , Trichomonas ). Our results suggest that ATM keypads amalgamate microbial assemblages from different sources, including the human microbiome, eukaryotic food species, and potentially novel extremophilic taxa adapted to air or surfaces in the built environment. DNA obtained from ATM keypads may thus provide a record of both human behavior and environmental sources of microbes. IMPORTANCE Automated teller machine (ATM) keypads represent
Jutier, L.; Léonard, C.; Gatti, F.
2009-04-01
For electronically degenerate states of linear tetra-atomic molecules, a new method is developed for the variational treatment of the Renner-Teller and spin-orbit couplings. The approach takes into account all rotational and vibrational degrees of freedom, the dominant couplings between the corresponding angular momenta as well as the couplings with the electronic and electron spin angular momenta. The complete rovibrational kinetic energy operator is expressed in Jacobi coordinates, where the rovibrational angular momenta ĴN have been replaced by L̂ez-Ŝ and the spin-orbit coupling has been described by the perturbative term ASO×L̂ezṡŜz. Attention has been paid on the electronic wave functions, which require additional phase for linear tetra-atomic molecules. Our implemented rovibrational basis functions and the integration of the different parts of the total Hamiltonian operator are described. This new variational approach is tested on the electronic ground state X Π2u of HCCH+ for which new six-dimensional potential energy surfaces have been computed using the internally contracted multireference configuration interaction method and the cc-pV5Z basis set. The calculated rovibronic energies and their comparisons with previous theoretical and experimental works are presented in the next paper.
Antibiogram of bacteria isolated from automated teller machines in Hamadan, West Iran
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mahmoudi, Hassan
2017-02-01
Full Text Available Aim: Bacteria are ubiquitous in the environment. In keeping with the continued expansion of urbanization and the growing population, an increasing number of people use automated banking, i.e. automated teller machines (ATMs. The aim of this study was to investigate the bacterial contamination and its antibiotic sensitivity on computer keyboards located at ATMs in Hamadan province, Iran. Method: Out of 360 ATMs at four locations in Hamadan, 96 were randomly selected for this study. The antibiotic susceptibility pattern of all isolates was determined by the agar disk diffusion method using gentamicin (10 µg, vancomycin (30 µg, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (25 µg, amikacin (30 µg, tobramycin (10 µg, cephalotin (30 µg, norfloxacin (5 µg, and ceftizoxim (30 µg disks. Results: Melli and Saderat Banks had the most frequently contaminated ATMS, with 18 (27.7% and 12 (18.5%, respectively. The most frequently isolated bacteria were in 12 (18.5% ATMs, in in 11 (16.9%, in 6 (9.2%, spp. in 8 (12.3%, spp. in 2 (3.1%, in 6 (9.2%, in 3 (4.6%, and spp. in 5 (7.69% cases. All isolated bacteria were susceptible to gentamicin, cephalotin, tobramycin, amikacin, norfloxacin, and vancomycin. The resistance rate to trimethoprim/sulfamole was 50%. Conclusion: All tested ATM keyboards were contaminated with at least one species of bacteria. Based on these findings, it is recommendable to disinfect the hands after entering one’s own apartment, work area or a hospital, in order to hinder the spread of critical pathogens in the personal environment or in the hospital.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ilkhani, Ali R. [Institute for Theoretical Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Gorinchoy, Natalia N. [Institute of Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova (Moldova, Republic of); Bersuker, Isaac B., E-mail: bersuker@cm.utexas.edu [Institute for Theoretical Chemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712 (United States); Institute of Chemistry, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova (Moldova, Republic of)
2015-10-16
Highlights: • The pseudo Jahn–Teller mechanism of puckering of tetracyclic 1,2-diazetes is revealed. • Vibronic constants are extracted from ab initio calculations versus PJTE equations. • Methods of restoring the planar configuration by external perturbations are suggested. - Abstract: The pseudo Jahn–Teller effect (PJTE) is employed to explain the origin of the puckered structures of tetra-heterocyclic 1,2-diazetes, C{sub 2}N{sub 2}E{sub 4}, E = H, F, Cl, Br, and to reveal the conditions of restoration of their planar configuration. The high-symmetry C{sub 2v} planar configuration of all these compounds is unstable with respect to puckering, a{sub 2}-type distortions produced by the PJT coupling between their ground {sup 1}A{sub 1} and excited {sup 1}A{sub 2} electronic states. The PJTE coupling constants are estimated by fitting ab initio calculated energy profiles to the formulas of the vibronic coupling problem (A{sub 1} + A{sub 2}) ⊗ a{sub 2}. The conditions for the restoration of the planar configurations of the C{sub 2}N{sub 2}E{sub 4} cycles were revealed: the PJTE can be quenched by removing the outer two electrons, e.g. by producing a “triple-decker sandwich” structure with two electron acceptors on both sides of the neutral cycle.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Aramburu, J. A.; Garcia-Fernandez, P.; García Lastra, Juan Maria
2017-01-01
The applicability of the Jahn-Teller (JT) framework to 6-fold coordinated d9 ions whose local symmetry is not strictly octahedral is explored by means of first principle calculations. Our results contradict much of the existing literature where these systems are analyzed within the quasi-JT regime...... state with the hole in the a1g(∼ 3z2-r2) level while it is always placed in the b1g(∼ x2-y2) level for MX6 complexes (M = Cu2+, Ag2+, NiΤ; X = F--, Cl-) in cubic lattices displaying a static JT effect. While the experimental results of CuF64- in Ba2ZnF6 cannot be understood within the JT framework...... it is pointed out that a quasi-JT situation can however happen for a d9 ion in a cubic lattice under a strain of ∼10-3 in agreement with experimental data. The present results stress the key role played by the internal electric fields for a quantitative understanding of compounds with transition metal cations...
Teodoro, R.; Bezerra, C. G.; Mariz, A. M.; da Costa, F. A.; de Araújo, J. M.
2014-03-01
A three-color Ashkin-Teller model (3AT) is investigated by means of a Migdal-Kadanoff renormalization group approach on a Wheatstone bridge hierarchical lattice. The exact recursion relations for the renormalized couplings are obtained through a decimation procedure. The phase diagram of the model is obtained from the analysis of the fixed points and the flow generated by the renormalization group transformation. Four distinct phases are obtained along with nine critical points and are graphically represented in a phase diagram in terms of the dual transmissivity vector. The correlation length (νT)and crossover (ϕ) critical exponents are numerically calculated. It is found that seven of the critical points are in the Potts model universality class (q = 2, 4 e 8). The remaining critical points are in a universality class which may belong to a sort of Baxter's line. The results can be considered as an approximation to more realistic Bravais lattices.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. Suparmi
2016-11-01
Full Text Available Metode Nikivarof Uvarov merupakan metode penyelesaian persamaan diferensial orde dua dengan mengubah persamaan diferensial orde dua yang umum (persamaan Schrodinger menjadi persamaan diferensial tipe hipergeometrik melalui substitusi variabel yang sesuai untuk memperoleh eigen value dan fungsi gelombang bagian sudut. Penelitian ini merupakan studi literatur untuk menyelesaikan persamaan Schrodinger D-dimensi bagian sudut dengan potensial Poschl-Teller Hiperbolik Terdeformasi q plus Rosen Morse Trigonometri Terdeformasi q menggunakan metode Nikiforov-Uvarov (NU. Pada penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana fungsi gelombang bagian sudut persamaan schrodinger D-dimensi untuk potensial Poschl-Teller Hiperbolik Terdeformasi q plus Rosen Morse Trigonometri Terdeformasi q menggunakan metode Nikiforov-Uvarov (NU.Nikivarof Uvarov is a method to solve second order differential equations by changing general second order differential equation to hyper-geometric differential equation type through substituting relevant variable to obtain eigenvalues and the angle of wave function. This is a literature study to solve the D-dimensional Schrodinger equation with a corner section q Deformed Hyperbolic Poschl Teller plus q Deformed Trigonometric Rosen-Morse Potential using Nikiforov-Uvarov (NU. This study aims to determine the way the angle of wave function of D-dimensional Schrodinger equation for q-Deformed Hyperbolic Poschl Teller plus q Deformed Trigonometric Rosen-Morse Potential using Nikiforov-Uvarov (NU.
E x circle epsilon Jahn-Teller anharmonic coupling for an octahedral system
Avram, N M; Kibler, M R
2001-01-01
The coupling between doubly degenerate electronic states and doubly degenerate vibrations is analyzed for an octahedral system on the basis of the introduction of an anharmonic Morse potential for the vibronic part. The vibrations are described by anharmonic coherent states and their linear coupling with the electronic states is considered. The matrix elements of the vibronic interaction are built and the energy levels corresponding to the interaction Hamiltonian are derived.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. Chahardoli
2015-12-01
Conclusion: Considering the effect of organizational structure and work-related psychosocial stressors on job satisfaction, it can be stated that organizational restructuring to achieve organic structures and paying more attention to psychosocial stressors in the workplace, can play an effective role in the efficiency and productivity of the organization.
Modulation of Jahn-Teller effect on magnetization and spontaneous electric polarization of CuFeO2
Xiao, Guiling; Xia, Zhengcai; Wei, Meng; Huang, Sha; Shi, Liran; Zhang, Xiaoxing; Wu, Huan; Yang, Feng; Song, Yujie; Ouyang, Zhongwen
2018-03-01
CuFe0.99Mn0.01O2 and CuFe0.99Co0.01O2 single crystal samples are grown by a floating zone technique and their magnetization and spontaneous electric polarization have been investigated. Similarly with pure CuFeO2, an obviously anisotropic magnetization and spontaneous electric polarization were observed in the both doped samples, and their phase transition critical fields and temperatures are directly doping ion dependent. Considering the different d-shell configuration and ionic size between Mn3+, Co3+ and Fe3+ ions, in which the Mn3+ ion with Jahn-Teller (J-T) effect has different distortion on the geometry frustration from both of Fe3+ and Co3+ ion. Since for Mn3+ ion, the orbital splitting results from the low-symmetry J-T distortion in a crystal-field environment leads to a distorted MnO6 octahedron, which different from undistorted FeO6 and CoO6 octahedrons. The strain between distorted and undistorted octahedrons produces different effects on the spin reorientation transition and spontaneous electric polarization. Although the pure CuFeO2 has a very strong and robust frustration, the presence of the strain due to the random distribution of distorted MnO6 octahedron and undistorted CoO6 (FeO6) octahedrons leads to its spin reorientation transitions and spontaneous electric polarization different from CuFeO2.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Christopher Osita Anyaeche
2018-04-01
Full Text Available The improvement in the provision of banking services to customers enhances bank’s performance (profitability and productivity and the amounts of dividend declared to shareholders as well as bank’s competitiveness. One means of fast tracking the service time for bank customers is through the use of self-servicing machines, such as automated teller machine (ATM. Total service cost, expected waiting time in queue, ATM utilization and percentage of customer loss are some of the performance indices that are used to evaluate the service rendered by a bank’s ATM. This study proposes a framework for evaluating the performance of ATM by integrating queuing model and Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS methodology. Applicability of the framework was tested using practical data obtained from four banks in Nigeria. It was observed that the average ATM usage in the study area was less than 50%. The TOPSIS results identified Bank A as the best ranked bank. In addition, the results obtained revealed that banks with two ATM were ranked higher than banks with more than two ATM
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alloul H.
2012-03-01
Full Text Available The discovery in 1991 of high temperature superconductivity (SC in A3C60 compounds, where A is an alkali ion, has been rapidly ascribed to a BCS mechanism, in which the pairing is mediated by on ball optical phonon modes. While this has lead to consider that electronic correlations were not important in these compounds, further studies of various AnC60 with n=1, 2, 4 allowed to evidence that their electronic properties cannot be explained by a simple progressive band filling of the C60 six-fold degenerate t1u molecular level. This could only be ascribed to the simultaneous influence of electron correlations and Jahn-Teller Distortions (JTD of the C60 ball, which energetically favour evenly charged C60 molecules. This is underlined by the recent discovery of two expanded fulleride Cs3C60 isomeric phases which are Mott insulators at ambient pressure. Both phases undergo a pressure induced first order Mott transition to SC with a (p, T phase diagram displaying a dome shaped SC, a common situation encountered nowadays in correlated electron systems. NMR experiments allowed us to study the magnetic properties of the Mott phases and to evidence clear deviations from BCS expectations near the Mott transition. So, although SC involves an electron-phonon mechanism, the incidence of electron correlations has an importance on the electronic properties, as had been anticipated from DMFT calculations.
Magnetoelastic effects in Jahn-Teller distorted CrF2 and CuF2 studied by neutron powder diffraction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chatterji, Tapan; Hansen, Thomas C
2011-01-01
We have studied the temperature dependence of the crystal and magnetic structures of the Jahn-Teller distorted transition metal difluorides CrF 2 and CuF 2 by neutron powder diffraction in the temperature range 2-280 K. The lattice parameters and the unit cell volume show magnetoelastic effects below the Neel temperature. The lattice strain due to the magnetostriction effect couples with the square of the order parameter of the antiferromagnetic phase transition. We also investigated the temperature dependence of the Jahn-Teller distortion, which does not show any significant effect at the antiferromagnetic phase transition but increases linearly with increasing temperature for CrF 2 , and remains almost independent of temperature in CuF 2 . The magnitude of magnetovolume effect seems to increase with the low temperature saturated magnetic moment of the transition metal ions but the correlation is not at all perfect.
Spin-isospin excitations in the A=58 mass region
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bes, D.R.; Civitarese, O. [Lab. Tandar, C, 4C. Bs.As. Argentina, Deparment of Physics, University of La Plata, c.c. 67 1900, La Plata (Argentina)
2007-12-15
The experimental information on spin-isospin excitations around the nucleus {sup 56}Ni is analyzed by using isoscalar and isovector pairing vibrations, Gamow-Teller modes, and their couplings. (Author)
Signatures of mesoscopic Jahn-Teller polaron inhomogeneities in high-temperature superconductors
Bishop, A R; Leon, J M D
2003-01-01
We analyse complementary experimental results in high-temperature superconducting cuprates from x-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS), inelastic neutron scattering (INS) and inelastic x-ray scattering (IXS), Raman spectroscopy (RS), infrared absorption spectroscopy and femtosecond optical spectroscopy in terms of the predictions of a specific fully quantum mechanical calculation of small polaron formation and internal dynamics (phonon-assisted local charge oscillations). These analyses support the scenario in which the pseudogap-associated temperature, T*, marks the onset of an inhomogeneous ground state with polarons, in agreement with several theoretical models which attempt to explain the origin of high-temperature superconductivity in doped cuprates. The change in dynamics, which is observed across the superconducting transition temperature, T sub c in XAFS, INS and RS, indicates an intimate link of the dynamics of these polarons with the mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity. (letter to the ed...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
1982-06-01
This report presents results of a Hydrogeochemical and Stream Sediment Reconnaissance (HSSR) of the Teller NTMS quadrangle, Alaska. In addition to this abbreviated data release, more complete data are available to the public in machine-readable form. These machine-readable data, as well as quarterly or semiannual program progress reports containing further information on the HSSR program in general, or on the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) portion of the program in particular, are available from DOE's Technical Library at its Grand Junction Area Office. Presented in this data release are location data, field analyses, and laboratory analyses of several different sample media. For the sake of brevity, many field site observations have not been included in this volume; these data are, however, available on the magnetic tape. Appendices A through D describe the sample media and summarize the analytical results for each medium. The data have been subdivided by one of the Los Alamos National Laboratory sorting programs of Zinkl and others (1981a) into groups of stream-sediment, lake-sediment, stream-water, lake-water, and ground-water samples. For each group which contains a sufficient number of observations, statistical tables, tables of raw data, and 1:1,000,000 scale maps of pertinent elements have been included in this report. Also included are maps showing results of multivariate statistical analyses. Information on the field and analytical procedures used by the Los Alamos National Laboratory during sample collection and analysis may be found in any HSSR data release prepared by the Laboratory and will not be included in this report
Fong, Kenneth N K; Chow, Kathy Y Y; Chan, Bianca C H; Lam, Kino C K; Lee, Jeff C K; Li, Teresa H Y; Yan, Elaine W H; Wong, Asta T Y
2010-04-30
This study aimed to examine the usability of a newly designed virtual reality (VR) environment simulating the operation of an automated teller machine (ATM) for assessment and training. Part I involved evaluation of the sensitivity and specificity of a non-immersive VR program simulating an ATM (VR-ATM). Part II consisted of a clinical trial providing baseline and post-intervention outcome assessments. A rehabilitation hospital and university-based teaching facilities were used as the setting. A total of 24 persons in the community with acquired brain injury (ABI)--14 in Part I and 10 in Part II--made up the participants in the study. In Part I, participants were randomized to receive instruction in either an "early" or a "late" VR-ATM program and were assessed using both the VR program and a real ATM. In Part II, participants were assigned in matched pairs to either VR training or computer-assisted instruction (CAI) teaching programs for six 1-hour sessions over a three-week period. Two behavioral checklists based on activity analysis of cash withdrawals and money transfers using a real ATM were used to measure average reaction time, percentage of incorrect responses, level of cues required, and time spent as generated by the VR system; also used was the Neurobehavioral Cognitive Status Examination. The sensitivity of the VR-ATM was 100% for cash withdrawals and 83.3% for money transfers, and the specificity was 83% and 75%, respectively. For cash withdrawals, the average reaction time of the VR group was significantly shorter than that of the CAI group (p = 0.021). We found no significant differences in average reaction time or accuracy between groups for money transfers, although we did note positive improvement for the VR-ATM group. We found the VR-ATM to be usable as a valid assessment and training tool for relearning the use of ATMs prior to real-life practice in persons with ABI.
Yang, Pan; Pang, Min; Li, Ming; Shen, Wei; He, Rongxing
2015-12-05
Geometrical optimizations of the ground and first excited states of benzimidazole and indene were performed using the density functional theory (DFT) and its time-dependent extension methods (TD-DFT), respectively. Their vibrationally resolved (1)Lb ((1)A')↔S0 ((1)A') absorption and fluorescence spectra were simulated within the Franck-Condon approximation including the Herzberg-Teller (HT) and Duschinsky effects. Calculated results revealed that, with the HT and Duschinsky effects getting involved, the simulated weak (1)Lb ((1)A')↔S0 ((1)A') electronic spectra of the two molecules excellently reproduce the experimental findings. Based on the experimental data and other theoretical results, we tentatively assigned most of the vibrational normal modes which emerged in the experimental spectra of the two molecules. The present theoretical insights are expected to help us understand the nature of electronic transitions in the vibrationally resolved absorption and fluorescence spectra of benzimidazole and its analogues. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Li Teresa HY
2010-04-01
Full Text Available Abstract Objective This study aimed to examine the usability of a newly designed virtual reality (VR environment simulating the operation of an automated teller machine (ATM for assessment and training. Design Part I involved evaluation of the sensitivity and specificity of a non-immersive VR program simulating an ATM (VR-ATM. Part II consisted of a clinical trial providing baseline and post-intervention outcome assessments. Setting A rehabilitation hospital and university-based teaching facilities were used as the setting. Participants A total of 24 persons in the community with acquired brain injury (ABI - 14 in Part I and 10 in Part II - made up the participants in the study. Interventions In Part I, participants were randomized to receive instruction in either an "early" or a "late" VR-ATM program and were assessed using both the VR program and a real ATM. In Part II, participants were assigned in matched pairs to either VR training or computer-assisted instruction (CAI teaching programs for six 1-hour sessions over a three-week period. Outcome Measures Two behavioral checklists based on activity analysis of cash withdrawals and money transfers using a real ATM were used to measure average reaction time, percentage of incorrect responses, level of cues required, and time spent as generated by the VR system; also used was the Neurobehavioral Cognitive Status Examination. Results The sensitivity of the VR-ATM was 100% for cash withdrawals and 83.3% for money transfers, and the specificity was 83% and 75%, respectively. For cash withdrawals, the average reaction time of the VR group was significantly shorter than that of the CAI group (p = 0.021. We found no significant differences in average reaction time or accuracy between groups for money transfers, although we did note positive improvement for the VR-ATM group. Conclusion We found the VR-ATM to be usable as a valid assessment and training tool for relearning the use of ATMs prior to real
Picconi, David; Grebenshchikov, Sergy Yu.
2018-03-01
This paper opens a series in which the photochemistry of the two lowest πσ* states of pyrrole and their interaction with each other and with the ground electronic state X ˜ are studied using ab initio quantum mechanics. New 24-dimensional potential energy surfaces for the photodissociation of the N-H bond and the formation of the pyrrolyl radical are calculated using the multiconfigurational perturbation theory (CASPT2) for the electronic states X ˜ (π π ) , 11A2(πσ*), and 11B1(πσ*) and locally diabatized. In this paper, the ab initio calculations are described and the photodissociation in the state 11A2(πσ*) is analyzed. The excitation 11 A2←X ˜ is mediated by the coordinate dependent transition dipole moment functions constructed using the Herzberg-Teller expansion. Nuclear dynamics, including 6, 11, and 15 active degrees of freedom, are studied using the multi-configurational time-dependent Hartree method. The focus is on the frequency resolved absorption spectrum as well as on the dissociation time scales and the resonance lifetimes. Calculations are compared with available experimental data. An approximate convolution method is developed and validated, with which absorption spectra can be calculated and assigned in terms of vibrational quantum numbers. The method represents the total absorption spectrum as a convolution of the diffuse spectrum of the detaching H-atom and the Franck-Condon spectrum of the heteroaromatic ring. Convolution calculation requires a minimal quantum chemical input and is a promising tool for studying the πσ* photodissociation in model biochromophores.
Calculation of delayed-neutron energy spectra in a QRPA-Hauser-Feshbach model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kawano, Toshihiko [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Moller, Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wilson, William B [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2008-01-01
Theoretical {beta}-delayed-neutron spectra are calculated based on the Quasiparticle Random-Phase Approximation (QRPA) and the Hauser-Feshbach statistical model. Neutron emissions from an excited daughter nucleus after {beta} decay to the granddaughter residual are more accurately calculated than in previous evaluations, including all the microscopic nuclear structure information, such as a Gamow-Teller strength distribution and discrete states in the granddaughter. The calculated delayed-neutron spectra agree reasonably well with those evaluations in the ENDF decay library, which are based on experimental data. The model was adopted to generate the delayed-neutron spectra for all 271 precursors.
Quasielastic nucleon scattering using polarized beams and targets
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Haeusser, O.
1990-07-01
Inelastic scattering of polarized intermediate energy nucleons to continuum nuclear states is discussed with emphasis on recent results. Spin momentum correlations of protons in polarized targets of 3 He were observed for the first time. Complete spin observables in (p,p') show effects of the nuclear spin-isospin response and of an NN interaction modified by the nuclear medium. A comparison of Gamow Teller and isovector M1 giant resonance strengths in the sd shell provides evidence for large meson exchange current effects in the M1. (Author) (37 refs., 2 tabs., 9 figs.)
Shell-model calculations of beta-decay rates for s- and r-process nucleosyntheses
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Takahashi, K.; Mathews, G.J.; Bloom, S.D.
1985-01-01
Examples of large-basis shell-model calculations of Gamow-Teller β-decay properties of specific interest in the astrophysical s- and r- processes are presented. Numerical results are given for: (1) the GT-matrix elements for the excited state decays of the unstable s-process nucleus 99 Tc; and (2) the GT-strength function for the neutron-rich nucleus 130 Cd, which lies on the r-process path. The results are discussed in conjunction with the astrophysics problems. 23 refs., 3 figs
Pérez-Cerdán, Ana Belén; Rubio, Berta; Gelletly, W.; Algora, Alejandro; Agramunt, Jorge; Nácher, Enrique; Taín, José Luis; Sarriguren, Pedro; Fraile, Luis M.; García Borge, María José; Caballero Ontanaya, Luis; Dessagne, Ph.; Jungclaus, Andrea; Heitz, G.; Maréchal, F.
2013-01-01
A study of the Gamow-Teller strength distributions B(GT) in the beta decay of 78Sr and 76,78Rb has been made using a total absorption spectrometer (TAS). Following the success in deducing the sign of the deformation for 76Sr, a similar approach is adopted for 78Sr based on a comparison of the measured B(GT) with quasiparticle random-phase approximation calculations. This work confirms its previously expected prolate deformation in the ground state. Conclusions about the structure of the odd-o...
Marechal, F; Caballero ontanaya, L
2002-01-01
In the framework of the investigation of the shapes of the ground states of the parent nucleus, we propose to carry out measurements of the complete Gamow-Teller strength distribution for the $^{76-80}$Sr isotopes, with a new Total Absorption Gamma Spectrometer installed on a new beam line. The results will be compared with theoretical calculations based on the mean field approach. A brief report on the IS370 experiment on $^{72-75}$Kr decay, which was recently performed at ISOLDE, will be given and the performance of the sum spectrometer will be presented.
Jacovella, Ugo; Wörner, Hans Jakob; Merkt, Frédéric
2018-01-01
This article presents the current status of the knowledge of the rovibronic energy-level structure of CH4+ obtained by high-resolution photoelectron spectroscopy. The results of previous investigations are summarized and extended by new results obtained by double-resonance experiments involving vacuum-ultraviolet and mid-infrared laser radiation. These experiments have led to assignments of the nuclear-spin symmetry of 303 rovibrational levels of CH4+ with up to 3575 cm-1 of internal excitation. A two-dimensional model of the pseudorotational motion of CH4+ is also presented, with which the positions and vibronic symmetry of the low-lying vibronic levels of CH4+ can be predicted. The model maps the F ⊗ (f ⊕e) Jahn-Teller problem for the e and f2 modes corresponding to the Csbnd H bending motion onto a sphere, including the effects of both linear and quadratic Jahn-Teller coupling terms. The pseudorotation eigenstates are obtained by solving the two-dimensional Schrödinger equation using a basis of spherical harmonics.
George Gamow and the Genetic Code
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
beginning (much later to be called the big bang), it would contain an observable trace in the form of black body radiation wi th a characteristic temperature. In both cases he had taken accepted physical laws for granted and applied them to unusual situations. Biology was not all that new to him either, and he. Keywords.
An Anomaly in the Inglis-Teller Limits of the C VI Lyman and Balmer Series in Laser-Produced Plasmas
Elton, R.; Iglesias, E.; Griem, H.; Weaver, J.; Pien, G.; Mancini, R.
2002-11-01
Soft x-ray spectra from thin carbon layers heated by the OMEGA and NIKE lasers have been obtained with both spherical and planar targets, respectively, using a flat-field grazing incidence spectrograph equipped with a gated microchannel plate for temporal resolution. In both experiments, late-time (recombining) hydrogenic C VI spectra show an n-to-1 Lyman spectral series blending with the continuum at n=4, contrary to n=9 in the n-to-2 Balmer series. It appears unlikely that plasma inhomogeneities are the sole cause of this anomaly, given the difference in the experimental configurations. Other explanations for the line-to-continuum merging (other than the usual Stark-broadened Inglis-Teller effect) under consideration include non-thermal Doppler broadening, deviations from statistical sublevel population distributions, and opacity effects. Collisional-radiative and hydrodynamic modeling, including cascades, is employed to further understand this phenomenon.
Dunaevskij, S M
2001-01-01
The calculation of the E(k) dispersion curves of the charge carriers in the LaMnO sub 3 -type perovskites for the basic types of the Mn sublattice squinted antiferromagnetic ordering is carried out within the frames of the strong coupling method. The calculation of the E(k) spectrum of the antiferromagnetic structures is accomplished for the first time with an account of the manganese e sub g -level degeneration and the Jahn-Teller distortion of the perovskite cubic structure, which required diagonalization of the eight order Hamiltonian matrices. The analytical expressions for the E(k) functions in the separate points and on the individual lines of the corresponding Brillouin zone are obtained. The accomplished calculations showed, that there can be no electron-hole symmetry of properties in the La sub 1 sub - sub x Ca sub x MnO sub 3 system
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marisa Palácios
2002-06-01
Full Text Available Este trabalho discute algumas relações entre sofrimento psíquico e trabalho de caixa, em agências bancárias no Rio de Janeiro. Diferentes modelos teóricos são apresentados: Estresse, Psicodinâmica do Trabalho e Psicopatologia do Trabalho. Neste estudo de caso, buscou-se compreender a participação do trabalho na produção do sofrimento psíquico dos caixas de uma grande empresa do setor bancário. A análise do processo de trabalho, com suas variabilidades e dificuldades, revelou que a "diferença de caixa" e as agressões dos clientes representam situações de sofrimento. Essas são situações favorecidas pela organização do trabalho, que obriga os caixas a evitarem as regras de segurança e imputa-lhes a culpa da diferença. Adicionalmente, ela não oferece suporte aos caixas para responder apropriadamente às demandas dos clientes. O contexto de baixos salários e grandes transformações favorece o isolamento dos trabalhadores, gera insegurança com relação ao futuro e é entendida como falta de reconhecimento. Com uma aproximação do trabalho real, é possível entender as situações de trabalho, como elas podem engendrar sofrimento e quais os seus determinantes.This article discusses key relations between psychological distress and bank tellers' working conditions in various bank offices in Rio de Janeiro. Different theoretical models are discussed: stress, the psychodynamics of the work, and the psychopathology of the work. The aim of this case study was to elucidate the role of the work process as a source of psychological distress among tellers in a large bank company. Analysis of the work process with its variability and difficulties showed that two highly stressful situations are 1 discrepancies in the amounts of money counted at the teller's window and 2 customer complaints or insults directed against the teller. Such situations arise from the work organization that forces tellers to streamline or skip security
Witnessing nonclassical multipartite states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Saguia, A.; Rulli, C. C.; Oliveira, Thiago R. de; Sarandy, M. S.
2011-01-01
We investigate a witness for nonclassical multipartite states based on their disturbance under local measurements. The witness operator provides a sufficient condition for nonclassicality that coincides with a nonvanishing global quantum discord, but it does not demand an extremization procedure. Moreover, for the case of Z 2 -symmetric systems, we rewrite the witness in terms of correlation functions so that classicality is found to necessarily require either vanishing magnetization in the invariant axis or isotropy of the two-point function in the transverse spin plane. We illustrate our results in quantum spin chains, where a characterization of factorized ground states (with spontaneously broken Z 2 symmetry) is achieved. As a by-product, the witness is also shown to indicate a second-order quantum phase transitions, which is illustrated for both the XY and the Ashkin-Teller spin chains.
Konarev, Dmitri V; Kuzmin, Alexey V; Simonov, Sergey V; Yudanova, Evgeniya I; Khasanov, Salavat S; Saito, Gunzi; Lyubovskaya, Rimma N
2013-06-21
New fullerene salts (TMP(+))2·(C60(2-))·(C6H4Cl2)2 (1), {DB-18-crown-6·[Na(+)]·(C6H5CN)2}2·(C60(2-))·C6H5CN·C6H4Cl2 (2), {cryptand[2,2,2]·(Na(+))}2·(C60(2-)) (3) and (PPN(+))2·(C60(2-))·(C6H4Cl2)2 (4) were obtained as single crystals. Their crystal structures were solved and their optical and magnetic properties were analyzed. The spectra of the salts in the IR and UV-visible-NIR ranges indicate the formation of C60(2-) dianions in 1-4. These salts show similar behavior in EPR measurements, explained by the diamagnetic ground state of the C60(2-) dianions and the thermal population of the excited triplet state, which is separated by an energy gap of 487-540 cm(-1). The magnetic susceptibility of 4 also increased above 130 K due to the population of the excited triplet state. The observed splitting of the C60 LUMO is attributed to the Jahn-Teller (JT) effect. We analyzed the splitting by an extended Hückel method using the single-crystal structural data for the compounds containing neutral, mono- and dianions of C60. The splitting of the initially triply degenerated C60 LUMO produces three molecular orbitals. The gap between the lowest and highest orbitals is very small in neutral C60 (128-140 cm(-1)), it increases in C60(˙-) (500-710 cm(-1)) and increases further in C60(2-) (1080-1670 cm(-1)). It was found that the splitting of the C60 LUMO is realized in different ways for the mono- and dianions. The ground and first excited state are separated in C60(˙-) by a small gap of 55-180 cm(-1) only. This gap is noticeably larger in the C60(2-) dianions and falls into the 760-1390 cm(-1) range.
Decay Properties of the Halo Nucleus $^{11}$Li
2002-01-01
During the past years a considerable experimental effort has been devoted to the production and study of nuclei close to the neutron and proton drip-lines. The most spectacular phenomenon encountered is the occurrence of neutron halos in the loosely bound neutron rich nuclei. \\\\ \\\\ Another interesting feature, observed at ISOLDE, which most likely is connected to the halo structure, is the very strong (super-allowed) Gamow-Teller $\\beta$- transitions to highly excited states which are systematically observed for the lightest neutron rich drip-line nuclei. These transitions might be viewed as arising from the quasi-free $\\beta$ -decay of the halo neutrons. It is proposed to make a detailed study of the $\\beta$- strength function for $^{11}$Li, a nuclide having a half-life of 8.2 ms and a Q $\\beta$-value of 20.73~MeV. \\\\ \\\\ So far only a lower limit of the Gamow-Teller transition rate to highly excited states ($\\approx$~18.5~MeV) in the daughter nucleus has been obtained from measurements of $\\beta$-delayed tri...
High-Resolution Spectroscopy of Sr and Y nuclei near N = Z line
Dendooven, P
2002-01-01
The experiment IS377 aims for investigating the Gamow-Teller strength, isospin symmetry and proton-neutron interaction in the region a nuclide chart where large deformations occur. These studies need detailed information on the low-energy levels in the nuclei. Ground-state masses of Sr and Y nuclei will be studied by using the Penning-trap mass spectrometer ISOLTRAP and the low-energy levels of $^{75}$Rb and $^{78}$Y by $\\beta$-decay spectroscopy. The information obtained can be also used to extend the experimental database for astrophysical rapid proton capture modeling. During 2000 the first step was taken by measuring the masses of $^{76,77}$Sr. The improvement in the absolute mass value of $^{76}$Sr will lead to a significant gain in accuracy of the Gamow-Teller strength involved in the decay. The large deformation of this nucleus has been predicted to alter the strength distribution and this different pattern could be possibly used as a signature of a certain deformation. In addition, $^{76}$Sr, with its...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lee, S Thomas; Raveendranath, K; Tomy, Rajive M; George, Nibu A; Jayalekshmi, S; Ravi, Jyotsna
2007-01-01
Photoacoustic (PA) spectra of Li 0.9 Mn 2 O 4 , LiMn 2 O 4 and Li 1.1 Mn 2 O 4 at two temperatures, 298 K and 280 K which are, respectively, above and below the Jahn-Teller phase transition temperature, 290 K, are determined. The spectra of LiMn 2 O 4 and Li 1.1 Mn 2 O 4 below the transition temperature are found to be significantly different from their respective spectra above the transition temperature. However, the PA spectra of Li 0.9 Mn 2 O 4 at both these temperatures show only a minor difference between each other compared with the changes occurring in LiMn 2 O 4 and Li 1.1 Mn 2 O 4 . These effects are explained on the basis of the predominant JT tetragonal distortion in cubic Li x Mn 2 O 4 with a high Li content, which brings forth a modification in their electronic structure
Hu Liang Bing; Zhu Hong; Zhang Yu Heng
2003-01-01
The magnetism and magnetotransport properties of doped perovskite LaMn sub 1 sub - sub x Zn sub x O sub 3 (x = 0.05, 0.10, 0.15, 0.20, 0.30, 0.40) have been studied. All samples exhibit insulating behaviour under zero field and a 6 T field (except for x = 0.05, the weak insulating-metallic transition occurs near T sub C under zero field), but there is a paramagnetic-ferromagnetic (PM-FM) transition and a large MR effect near T sub C. The rho- T curves are fitted well by a semiconductor-like model. We suggest that the MnO sub 6 octahedron is contorted by zinc doping and that this contortion will influence the Jahn-Teller (JT) distortion of Mn sup 3 sup +. The e sub g carrier has to overcome the energy gap caused by the difference between the JT distortions induced by Mn sup 3 sup + in the non-contorted MnO sub 6 octahedrons and the contorted ones. Infrared spectra and Raman spectra confirmed our ideas. In addition, the magnetism was investigated by ESR and M-T measurements. The Zn doping suppresses the PM-FM t...
Waplak, S
2002-01-01
The EPR (electron paramagnetic resonance) spectra of non-Jahn-Teller (JT) Mn sup 2 sup + and JT Cu sup 2 sup + ions have been studied for alpha- or beta-LAS structure modification in the temperature range of 4.2-480 K. The experimental evidence for JT glass with frozen-in random strain fields due to the presence of the JT Cu sup 2 sup + ions is presented.
The beta strength function structure in β+ decay of lutetium, thulium and cesium isotopes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Alkhazov, G.D.; Bykov, A.A.; Vitman, V.D.; Naumov, Yu.V.; Orlov, S.Yu.
1981-01-01
The spectra of total γ-absorption in the decays of some Lutecium, Thulium and Cesium isotopes have been measured. The probabilities for level population in the decay of the isotopes have been determined. The deduced beta strength functions reveal pronounced structure. Calculations of the strength functions using the Saxon-Woods potential and the residual Gamow-Teller interaction are presented. It is shown that in β + decay of light Thulium and Cesium isotopes the strength function comprises more than 70% of the Gamow-Teller excitations with μsub(tau) = +1. This result is the first direct observation of the Gamow-Teller resonance in β + decay of nuclei with Tsub(z) > O. (orig.)
Nucleus as a chiral filter: the role of the Δ(1232)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rho, Mannque.
1982-03-01
We describe how two different modes of chiral symmetry can be seen in nuclei. In particular, it is shown that the nuclear axial charge or more precisely the O + O - , ΔT=1 transition at zero momentum transfer probe the nuclear configuration wherein the axial charge gsub(A) is effectively enhanced in nuclear medium due to soft pions, symptomatic of the Goldstone realization of chiral symmetry in the medium while the Gamow-Teller resonances probe the configuration wherein soft pions are no longer operative, suggesting an approach toward the Wigner realization of chiral symmetry. Using the celebrated Adler-Weisberger relation, it is argued that the observed approximately 50% quenching of the Gamow-Teller strength reflects the possibility that the Gamow-Teller operator sees the quarks inside the bag, blind to the Goldstone vacuum outside. Some implications on chiral phase transitions are also discussed
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Templeton, J.L.; Jacobson, R.A.; McCarley, R.E.
1977-01-01
Oxidative bromination of [(C 3 H 7 ) 4 N] + W(CO) 5 Br - with 1,2-dibromoethane in refluxing chlorobenzene afforded the new compound [(C 3 H 7 ) 4 N] 2 W 2 Br 9 in high yield. Material obtained after recrystallization from acetonitrile showed simple Curie-law magnetic susceptibilities over the range 77 to 300 0 K with a magnetic moment of 1.72 μ/sub B/. The crystals were found to be monoclinic with lattice constants a = 36.42 (2) A, b = 12.067 (8) A, c = 19.62 (1) A, and β = 95.90 (2) 0 ; space group C2/c, d(calcd) = 2.26 g cm -3 , d(obsd) = 2.31 g cm -3 with eight molecules per unit cell. Using 2255 reflections with I greater than or equal to 3 sigma 1 the structure was refined to R = 0.050 and R/sub w/ = 0.063. The W 2 Br 9 2 - anion was found to have a confacial bioctahedral structure with d(W--W) = 2.601 (2) A consistent with the expected W--W bond order of 2.5. An interesting distortion of the anion from D/sub 3h/ symmetry was manifested as an effective 3 0 rotation of each of the planes formed by the three terminal bromine atoms on each tungsten toward the same bridging bromine atom. In this manner the real symmetry of the anion is lowered to C/sub 2 upsilon/. Consideration of packing effects, intramolecular nonbonded interactions, and metal-metal bonding led to the conclusion that the distortion arises from electronic effects, viz., separation of the e' metal-metal π orbitals as dictated by the Jahn-Teller theorem
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hoffmann, S.K.
2000-01-01
Temperature cw-EPR and pulsed EPR electron spin echo experiments were performed for a low concentration of Cu 2+ ions in cubic SrF 2 crystals. The well resolved EPR spectrum at low temperatures (below 30 K) with parameters g parallel = 2.493, g perpendicular = 2.083, A parallel = 121, A perpendicular = 8.7, A parallel ( 19 F) = 135, A parallel ( 19 F) = 33.0 (A-values in 10 -4 cm -1 ) is transformed continuously into a single broad line above 225 K on heating, due to the g-factor shift and EPR line broadening. These data along with the angular variation EPR data are described in terms of a pseudo-Jahn-Teller effect of (T 2g +A 2u )x(a 1g +e g +t 1u ) type producing six off-centre positions of the Cu 2+ ion in the fluorine cube. Above 30 K a two-step averaging g -factor process occurs and is governed by vibronic dynamics between potential wells of the off-centre positions. This dynamics governs the electron spin relaxation in the whole temperature range. The electron spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T 1 grows rapidly by six orders of magnitude in the temperature range 30-100 K and is determined by the Orbach-type process with excitations to two excited vibronic levels of energy 83 and 174 cm -1 . For higher temperatures the relaxation is dominated by overbarrier jumps leading to the isotropic EPR spectrum above 225 K. The phase memory time T M has the rigid lattice value 3.5 μs determined by nuclear spectral diffusion and its temperature variation is governed by the vibronic dynamics indicating that the excitations between vibronic levels produce a dephasing of the electron spin precessional motion. (author)
The Total β-Half-Lives for Some Nickel Isotopes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sevilay KAYHAN
2016-11-01
Full Text Available Abstract. The first-forbidden transitions can play an important role in decreasing the calculated half-lives specially in environments. We calculate the allowed Gamow-Teller transitions in pn-QRPA model for even-even neutron-rich isotopes of nickel. The first forbidden transitions for even-even neutron-rich isotopes of nickel are calculated assuming the nuclei to be spherical. The Woods-Saxon potential basis has been used in our calculations. The calculated half-lives have been compared with the schematic model calculations and corresponding experimental data. Keywords: pn-QRPA approximation, Gamow-Teller, First forbidden transitions
Isovector excitations in charge independent systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Menezes, D.P.
1986-01-01
A method for building states with good isospin, from states given by the action of an isovector excitation operator on states of the parent multiplet is developed. This new method is a generalization of Toki's method and is applicable to cases involving any isovector excitation operator and a parent state, which is not a double magic nucleus. Once obtained these states with well defined isospin, it is shown how to do a Tamm-Dancoff calculation for determining the energy levels. The transition matrix elements of an isotensor operator are also calculated. An application of this formalism to the Gamow-Teller transition strength in 90 Zr is studied. In this case, besides the double magic configuration, the 2 particles - 2 holes (Π1g 9/2 ) 2 (υ 2p 1/2 -1 ) 2 configuration is also considered. (author) [pt
Toyota, Azumao; Muramatsu, Takashi; Koseki, Shiro
2017-03-23
Stable geometrical structures for formonitrile imine (1) and N-substituted nitrile imines HCN 2 -R (R = Li, BeH, BH 2 , CH 3 , CN, CCH, C 6 H 5 , NH 2 , OH, and F) (2-11) were examined by using the multiconfiguration self-consistent-field (MCSCF) method followed by second-order configuration interaction (SOCI) calculations and second-order multiconfiguration quasi-degenerate perturbation theory (MCQDPT2) calculations, together with the aug-cc-pVTZ basis sets. The results show that 1 suffers a pseudo-Jahn-Teller (JT) distortion from a linear C ∞v structure to a C 1 structure via a planar bent C s structure. Each of the others is found to undergo pseudo-JT distortion from a symmetrical structure to a planar bent C s structure for 2, 3, and 7 and to a C 1 structure for 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, and 11. At the stationary structures of 1-11, the structural characteristics were briefly discussed in terms of allenic and propargylic. To elucidate the nature of pseudo-JT distortions, energy component analyses were carried out at the MCSCF+SOCI level of theory at all of the stationary structures for the relevant molecules. In most of the molecules examined, pseudo-JT stabilizations were classified into two groups, one in which the stability arises from a lowering of the energy of the attractive term V en and the other in which the stability results from a lowering of the energy of the repulsive terms V nn and V ee . In addition to the above two groups, it was also found that the following three groups are responsible for the pseudo-JT stabilizations in a certain stage of the structural changes. Namely, one is a lowering of the energy of the term V ee observed in 6, another is a lowering of the energy of the terms V ee and V en observed in 9-11, and the other is a lowering of the energy of the terms V en and V nn observed in 10. These energetic behaviors were accounted in terms of an elongation or a contraction of the molecular skeleton, a migration of electrons from one part of
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Reynisson, J.; Wilbrandt, R.; Brinck, V.
2002-01-01
. The physical and chemical properties of the excited singlet state of the trioxatriangulenium (TOTA(+)) carbenium ion are investigated by experimental and Computational means. The degeneracy of the lowest excited states is counteracted by Jahn-Teller-type distortion, which leads to vibronic broadening...... of the long wavelength absorption band. A strong fluorescence is observed at 520 nm (tau(n) = 14.6 ns, phi(n) = 0.12 in deaerated acetonitrile). The fluorescence is quenched by 10 aromatic electron donors predominantly via a dynamic charge transfer mechanism, but ground state complexation is shown...... triphenylenes is studied separately. Phosphorescence spectra, triplet lifetimes, and triplet-triplet absorption spectra are provided. In the discussion, TOTA(+) is compared to the unsubstituted xanthenium ion and its 9-phenyl derivative with respect to the excited state properties....
Search for the signature of a halo structure in the p(6He,6Li)n reaction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cortina-Gil, M.D.; Roussel-Chomaz, P.; Mittig, W.; Casandjian, J.M.; Chartier, M.; Alamanos, N.; Auger, F.; Fekou-Youmbi, V.; Blumenfeld, Y.; and others.
1995-01-01
The elastic scattering p( 6 He, 6 He)p and charge exchange reaction p( 6 He, 6 Li)n have been measured in reverse kinematics with a secondary 6 He beam. The angular distributions for these reactions were obtained. In the case of the charge exchange reaction, the ratio of the cross section for the Gamow-Teller transition to the ground state, and for the Fermi transition to the isobaric analog state is a measure of the relative strength of the two components of the exchange interaction. This ratio is found compatible with existing systematics for stable T=1 nuclei, and no clear signature of a halo structure was found in the present data. (author)
Effects of the delta-hole channel in the double beta decay
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hirsch, Jorge; Bauer, Eduardo; Krmpotic, Francisco
1989-01-01
Recently the half lives of the double beta decay have been calculated in such a way that they coincide for the first time with the experimental values. This has been done using the quasiparticle RPA formalism (QRPA) and the dependence of the transition amplitude of the particle-particle channel of the residual interaction. A more realistic estimation should include the effects of the delta-hole excitations (Δ-h) that are responsible for a significant reduction of the Gamow-Teller transitions intensity and that appear as virtual intermediate states in the calculation of the double beta decay amplitude. In this paper, the effect of the Δ-h channel is studied within the QRPA formalism and shown that the explicit inclusion of the Δ-h states for this particular process is equivalent to the renormalization of the axial coupling constant. (Author) [es
Charge exchange probes of nuclear structure and interactions with emphasis on (p,n)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Goodman, C.D.
1980-01-01
New results from (p,n) studies at IUCF show that it is possible to observe Gamow-Teller (GT) strength and extract GT matrix elements from (p,n) measurements. The charge exchange reactions ( 6 Li, 6 He) and (π + ,π 0 ) involve different projectile quantum numbers, and the relationships of these reactions to (p,n) is discussed
Sizeable beta-strength in ^{31}Ar^{ (beta 3p) decay}
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
T. Koldste, G.; Blank, B.; J. G. Borge, M.
2014-01-01
We present for the first time precise spectroscopic information on the recently discovered decay mode beta-delayed 3p-emission. The detection of the 3p events gives an increased sensitivity to the high energy part of the Gamow-Teller strength distribution from the decay of 31Ar revealing that as ...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ahn, Hyun Sun; Lee, Eun Pyo; Chang, Hong-Young; Lee, Dong Woo; Ok, Kang Min
2015-01-01
A new layered bismuth selenite hydrate material, Sr 3 Bi 2 (SeO 3 ) 6 ·H 2 O has been synthesized through a hydrothermal reaction using SrCO 3 , Bi 2 O 3 , SeO 2 , and water as reagents. The crystal structure of the reported material has been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The anionic layered framework of Sr 3 Bi 2 (SeO 3 ) 6 ·H 2 O consists of polyhedra of second-order Jahn–Teller (SOJT) distortive cations, Bi 3+ and Se 4+ . Attributable to the variable and asymmetric coordination geometry of the constituent cations, a rich structural chemistry including uni-dimensional bands and linkers is observed in the layer. The material is thermally stable up to about 390 °C and starts decomposing due to the sublimation of SeO 2 above the temperature. The UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectrum suggests a band gap of 3.3 eV. Elemental analysis, infrared spectrum, local dipole moment calculations, and electronic structure calculations are also reported. - Graphical abstract: Ball-and-stick and polyhedral representation of Sr 3 Bi 2 (SeO 3 ) 6 ·H 2 O in the ab-plane. The stereoactive lone pairs are visualized around the Bi 3+ and Se 4+ as lobelike isosurfaces through ELF calculations with η=0.9. - Highlights: • A novel layered bismuth selenite, Sr 3 Bi 2 (SeO 3 ) 6 ·H 2 O has been hydrothermally synthesized. • The layer is only composed of second-order Jahn–Teller distortive cations in asymmetric environments. • The stereoactive lone pairs are visualized as lobelike isosurfaces through ELF calculations
Spectroscopy of the doubly magic nucleus 100Sn and its decay
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hinke, Christoph B.
2010-01-01
The nucleus 100 Sn has been the aim of a number of experimental approaches. It is of great interest for various reasons. It is presumably the heaviest particle-stable N=Z nucleus and at the same time doubly magic. Its beta decay is of particular importance because it is expected to be the purest Gamow-Teller decay in the nuclear chart and thus allows to study the question of the missing Gamow-Teller strength/the Gamow-Teller quenching due to core polarisation effects. From the beta-coincident decay spectroscopy of the daughter nucleus 100 In information about the proton-neutron interaction in this region of the nuclear chart can be obtained. Simultaneously with the implantation of the nucleus in the detector setup after production the search for delayed gamma radiation from a predicted isomeric state in 100 Sn could yield first insight into the structure of excited states in this exotic nucleus. This work presents investigation results concerning the spectroscopy of the doubly magic nucleus 100 Sn and its decay. The experiment was performed in March 2008 at the accelerator facilities of the GSI Helmholtz Zentrum Darmstadt. The neutron deficient nucleus was produced in a projectile fragmentation reaction of a 124 Xe primary beam impinging on a Beryllium target with an energy of 1 GeV x A. After a separation from other fragmentation products and a unique identification 100 Sn was stopped in an implantation detector consisting of highly segmented silicon strip detectors for decay spectroscopy. Beside the determination of the half life it was possible to detect the total energy of the emitted particle radiation in the implantation detector as well as the emitted gamma radiation with a surrounding array of Germanium detectors. With a number of approximately 70 successfully observed decays of 100 Sn a half life of T 1/2 =1.16±0.20s was obtained. The beta endpoint energy of the single channel decay yielded a value of E β 0 =3.29±0.20 MeV. The resultant Gamow-Teller
Spectroscopy of the doubly magic nucleus {sup 100}Sn and its decay
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hinke, Christoph B.
2010-07-23
The nucleus {sup 100}Sn has been the aim of a number of experimental approaches. It is of great interest for various reasons. It is presumably the heaviest particle-stable N=Z nucleus and at the same time doubly magic. Its beta decay is of particular importance because it is expected to be the purest Gamow-Teller decay in the nuclear chart and thus allows to study the question of the missing Gamow-Teller strength/the Gamow-Teller quenching due to core polarisation effects. From the beta-coincident decay spectroscopy of the daughter nucleus {sup 100}In information about the proton-neutron interaction in this region of the nuclear chart can be obtained. Simultaneously with the implantation of the nucleus in the detector setup after production the search for delayed gamma radiation from a predicted isomeric state in {sup 100}Sn could yield first insight into the structure of excited states in this exotic nucleus. This work presents investigation results concerning the spectroscopy of the doubly magic nucleus {sup 100}Sn and its decay. The experiment was performed in March 2008 at the accelerator facilities of the GSI Helmholtz Zentrum Darmstadt. The neutron deficient nucleus was produced in a projectile fragmentation reaction of a {sup 124}Xe primary beam impinging on a Beryllium target with an energy of 1 GeV x A. After a separation from other fragmentation products and a unique identification {sup 100}Sn was stopped in an implantation detector consisting of highly segmented silicon strip detectors for decay spectroscopy. Beside the determination of the half life it was possible to detect the total energy of the emitted particle radiation in the implantation detector as well as the emitted gamma radiation with a surrounding array of Germanium detectors. With a number of approximately 70 successfully observed decays of {sup 100}Sn a half life of T{sub 1/2}=1.16{+-}0.20s was obtained. The beta endpoint energy of the single channel decay yielded a value of E{sub {beta
Isospin Mixing In N $\\approx$ Z Nuclei
Srnka, D; Versyck, S; Zakoucky, D
2002-01-01
Isospin mixing in N $\\approx$ Z nuclei region of the nuclear chart is an important phenomenon in nuclear physics which has recently gained theoretical and experimental interest. It also forms an important nuclear physics correction in the precise determination of the $ft$-values of superallowed 0$^+ \\rightarrow 0^+ \\beta$- transitions. The latter are used in precision tests of the weak interaction from nuclear $\\beta$- decay. We propose to experimentally measure isospin mixing into nuclear ground states in the N $\\approx$ Z region by determining the isospin forbidden Fermi-component in the Gamow-Teller dominated $J^{\\pi} \\rightarrow J^{\\pi} \\beta$- transitions through the observation of anisotropic positron emission from oriented nuclei. First measurements were carried out with $^{71}$As and are being analyzed now.
Towards the improvement of spin-isospin properties in nuclear energy density functionals
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Roca-Maza, X.; Colò, G.; Liang, H. Z.; Sagawa, H.; Meng, J.; Ring, P.; Zhao, P. W.
2016-01-01
We address the problem of improving existing nuclear Energy Density Functionals (EDFs) in the spin-isospin channel. For that, we propose two different ways. The first one is to carefully take into account in the fitting protocol some of the key ground state properties for an accurate description of the most studied spin-isospin resonances: the Gamow-Teller Resonance (GTR) [1]. The second consists in providing a strategy to build local covariant EDF keeping the main features from their non-local counterparts [2]. The RHF model based on a Lagrangian where heavy mesons carry the nuclear effective interaction have been shown to be successful in the description of spin-isospin resonances [3]. (paper)
And Gamow said, Let there be a Hot Universe
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Soon after Albert Einstein published his general theory of relativity, in 1915, to describe the nature of space and time, the scientific community sought to apply it to understand the nature and origin of the Universe. One of the first people to describe the Universe using. Einstein's equations was a Belgian priest called Abbe.
And Gamow said, Let there be a Hot Universe
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
of relativity, in 1915, to describe the nature of space and time, the ... past, there would have been no space between the stars. Even earlier ... Big Bang. Fusion, not Fission. Lemaitre had suggested that after starting off as the. 'primeval atom', the Universe would split into subatomic particles by repeated fission. Yet, spectra of ...
And Gamow said, Let there be a Hot Universe
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
to understand the nature and origin of the Universe. One of the first people to describe the Universe using. Einstein's ... the Christian dogma of Creation. The debate between cosmology and religion took the form of a ... verse had no origin, and that although it does expand, matter is being continuously created in just the right.
And Gamow said, Let there be a Hot Universe
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Harlow Shapley at Harvard, and knew about Edwin. Hubble's pioneering measurements of the spectra of near- by galaxies, that implied that almost all galaxies are moving away from each other. This would mean that they were closer and closer together in the past. Going further back, there must have been a time when ...
Hosain, M A; Le Floch, J-M; Krupka, J; Tobar, M E
2018-01-10
The impurity paramagnetic ion, [Formula: see text] substitutes Al in the [Formula: see text] single crystal lattice, this results in a [Formula: see text] elongated octahedron, and the resulting measured g-factors satisfy four-fold axes variation condition. The aggregate frequency width of the electron spin resonance with the required minimum level of impurity concentration has been evaluated in this single crystal [Formula: see text] at 20 millikelvin. Measured parallel hyperfine constants, [Formula: see text], were determined to be [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] at [Formula: see text] for the nuclear magnetic quantum number [Formula: see text], and [Formula: see text] respectively. The anisotropy of the hyperfine structure reveals the characteristics of the static Jahn-Teller effect. The second-order-anisotropy term, [Formula: see text], is significant and cannot be disregarded, with the local strain dominating over the observed Zeeman-anisotropy-energy difference. The Bohr electron magneton, [Formula: see text], (within [Formula: see text] so-called experimental error) has been found using the measured spin-Hamiltonian parameters. Measured nuclear dipolar hyperfine structure parameter [Formula: see text] shows that the mean inverse third power of the electron distance from the nucleus is [Formula: see text] a.u. for [Formula: see text] ion in the substituted [Formula: see text] ion site assuming nuclear electric quadruple moment [Formula: see text] barn.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Morais, M.C.; Lichtenthaele, R.; Arazi, A.; Hojman, D.; Cardona, M.A.; Fimiani, L.; Carnelli, P.F.; Marti, G.V.; Pacheco, A.J.; Martinez Heimann, D.; Negri, A.E.; Capurro, O.A.; Niello, Fernandez; Montero, P.
2011-01-01
Full text: The 16 O+ 12 C elastic scattering was investigated considering the effect of exchange of an alpha particle between projectile and target leading to the same nuclei of the entrance channel (elastic transfer). Angular distributions were analyzed in an energy range from 8.55 MeV to 56.57 MeV in the center of mass frame. The Coulomb barrier is around 11MeV for this system. Measurements of angular distributions of elastic and inelastic transfer reactions to states of the 16 O in the 16 O+ 12 C system were performed at the TANDAR Laboratory in Buenos Aires, using an 16 O beam of E lab = 46; 26 MeV. The transfer angular distributions were analyzed by DWBA using the computer code FRESCO. Those measurements provided the spectroscopic factors of 12 C + α → 16 O for the ground state and for J π = 2 + and J π = 1 - 16 O excited states, both just below the α-threshold at 7.16 MeV. The Asymptotic Normalization Coefficient (ANC) for the J π = 2 + state was obtained (1.05 ±0,13(10 5 fm -1/2 )) and used to calculate the reduced width of this state, with this value a R-matrix calculation was performed to determine the astrophysical S-factor in energies around the Gamow peak, S(E2)=37keVb. (author)
Hosain, M. A.; Le Floch, J.-M.; Krupka, J.; Tobar, M. E.
2018-01-01
The impurity paramagnetic ion, Cu2+ substitutes Al in the SrLaAlO4 single crystal lattice, this results in a CuO6 elongated octahedron, and the resulting measured g-factors satisfy four-fold axes variation condition. The aggregate frequency width of the electron spin resonance with the required minimum level of impurity concentration has been evaluated in this single crystal SrLaAlO4 at 20 millikelvin. Measured parallel hyperfine constants, A\\Vert Cu , were determined to be -155.7×10-4~cm-1, ~ -163.0×10-4~cm-1, ~ -178.3×10-4~cm-1 and -211.1×10-4~cm-1 at 9.072~GHz~(WGH4, 1, 1) for the nuclear magnetic quantum number M_I=+\\frac{3}{2}, +\\frac{1}{2}, -\\frac{1}{2} , and -\\frac{3}{2} respectively. The anisotropy of the hyperfine structure reveals the characteristics of the static Jahn-Teller effect. The second-order-anisotropy term, ˜ (\\fracspin{-orbit~coupling}{10D_q}){\\hspace{0pt}}2 , is significant and cannot be disregarded, with the local strain dominating over the observed Zeeman-anisotropy-energy difference. The Bohr electron magneton, β=9.23× 10-24 JT-1 , (within -0.43% so-called experimental error) has been found using the measured spin-Hamiltonian parameters. Measured nuclear dipolar hyperfine structure parameter P\\Vert=12.3×10-4~cm-1 shows that the mean inverse third power of the electron distance from the nucleus is ≃ 5.23 a.u. for Cu2+ ion in the substituted Al3+ ion site assuming nuclear electric quadruple moment Q=-0.211 barn.
New quasibound states of the compound nucleus in α -particle capture by the nucleus
Maydanyuk, Sergei P.; Zhang, Peng-Ming; Zou, Li-Ping
2017-07-01
We generalize the theory of nuclear decay and capture of Gamow that is based on tunneling through the barrier and internal oscillations inside the nucleus. In our formalism an additional factor is obtained, which describes distribution of the wave function of the the α particle inside the nuclear region. We discover new most stable states (called quasibound states) of the compound nucleus (CN) formed during the capture of α particle by the nucleus. With a simple example, we explain why these states cannot appear in traditional calculations of the α capture cross sections based on monotonic penetrabilities of a barrier, but they appear in a complete description of the evolution of the CN. Our result is obtained by a complete description of the CN evolution, which has the advantages of (1) a clear picture of the formation of the CN and its disintegration, (2) a detailed quantum description of the CN, (3) tests of the calculated amplitudes based on quantum mechanics (not realized in other approaches), and (4) high accuracy of calculations (not achieved in other approaches). These peculiarities are shown with the capture reaction of α +44Ca . We predict quasibound energy levels and determine fusion probabilities for this reaction. The difference between our approach and theory of quasistationary states with complex energies applied for the α capture is also discussed. We show (1) that theory does not provide calculations for the cross section of α capture (according to modern models of the α capture), in contrast with our formalism, and (2) these two approaches describe different states of the α capture (for the same α -nucleus potential).
The Davida Teller Award Lecture, 2016
Atkinson, Janette
2017-01-01
Research in the Visual Development Unit on “dorsal stream vulnerability' (DSV) arose from research in two somewhat different areas. In the first, using cortical milestones for local and global processing from our neurobiological model, we identified cerebral visual impairment in infants in the first year of life. In the second, using photo/videorefraction in population refractive screening programs, we showed that infant spectacle wear could reduce the incidence of strabismus and amblyopia, but many preschool children, who had been significantly hyperopic earlier, showed visuo-motor and attentional deficits. This led us to compare developing dorsal and ventral streams, using sensitivity to global motion and form as signatures, finding deficits in motion sensitivity relative to form in children with Williams syndrome, or perinatal brain injury in hemiplegia or preterm birth. Later research showed that this “DSV” was common across many disorders, both genetic and acquired, from autism to amblyopia. Here, we extend DSV to be a cluster of problems, common to many disorders, including poor motion sensitivity, visuo-motor spatial integration for planning actions, attention, and number skills. In current research, we find that individual differences in motion coherence sensitivity in typically developing children are correlated with MRI measures of area variations in parietal lobe, fractional anisotropy (from TBSS) of the superior longitudinal fasciculus, and performance on tasks of mathematics and visuo-motor integration. These findings suggest that individual differences in motion sensitivity reflect decision making and attentional control rather than integration in MT/V5 or V3A. Its neural underpinnings may be related to Duncan's “multiple-demand” (MD) system. PMID:28362900
Measurement of weak rates for stellar evolution via the (t,3He) reaction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zegers, R.G.T.
2007-01-01
The (t, 3 He) charge-exchange reaction has been developed as a tool to extract Gamow-Teller strengths on nuclei of importance for stellar evolution. A secondary triton beam of 115 MeV/nucleon is used, either produced from a primary α beam, or, since recently, from a primary 16 O beam. Here, the (t, 3 He) reaction is used to study the Gamow-Teller strength distribution in 58 Co via the 58 Ni(t, 3 He) reaction. The experimental results are compared with calculations in large-scale shell models using the kb3g and gxpf1 interactions, as well as existing data from 58 Ni(n, p) and 58 Ni(d, 2 He) experiments. The differences between the data and theoretical models are studied in terms of electron-capture rates in the pre-collapse stages of core-collapse supernovae
Measurement of Angular Correlations in the Decay of Polarized Neutrons
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Christensen, Carl Jørgen; Krohn, V.E.; Ringo, G.R.
1970-01-01
The electron-momentum-neutron-spin correlation coefficient was found to be A=-0.115±0.008, and the antineutrino-momentum-neutron-spin correlation coefficient was found to be B=1.00±0.05. The value of A leads to |GA/GV|=1.26±0.02 for the ratio of Gamow-Teller-to-Fermi coupling constants in β decay...
Deformed bags of quarks and spin-isospin properties of nuclei
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Abbas, Afsar
1988-01-01
Good fits to the magnetic moments of /sup 3/He and /sup 3/H are obtained when the nucleonic bags consisting of 3-quarks each are assumed to be deformed. Gamow-Teller strengths as well magnetic dipole strengths residing in the low energy and the ..delta.. - sectors are obtained. If, as manifested in the EMC effect, the bags expand in the nuclear medium, then the net deformation of a bag must also decrease in nuclei.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Horowitz, C.J.; Macfarlane, M.H.; Serot, B.D.
1989-01-01
In this period covered by this report (April 1, 1988 to March 31, 1989), work focused on six main areas: Relativistic Theories of Nuclear Structure and Saturation; Relativistic Descriptions of Proton- Nucleus and Electron-Nucleus Scattering; Nonrelativistic Theory of Nucleon-Nucleus Reactions; Gamow-Teller Excitations in Nuclear Charge- Exchange Reactions; Relativistic Many-Body Theory at Finite Temperature and Density and Relativistic Atomic Physics of High Z Atoms. Results and publications in these areas are summarized in this report
Sum rules for strangeness exchange reactions with nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fiebig, H.R.
1983-01-01
Within the framework of a constituent quark model we derive energy-weighted sum rules for strangeness exchange (analog) and spin-strangeness exchange (generalized Gamow-Teller) reactions in the limit of small momentum transfer. The target nucleus is treated as a system of non-communicating 3-quark clusters. We also calculate the branching between the SU(3) octet and decouplet channels and we consider double strangeness exchange reactions. (orig.)
Theoretical investigation of the vibronic spectrum in the X 2Πu electronic state of C6+
Ranković, Radomir; Jerosimić, Stanka; Perić, Miljenko
2008-04-01
In this study we employ the recently developed model for handling the Renner-Teller effect in Π electronic states of six-atomic molecules with linear equilibrium geometry to calculate the vibronic spectrum in the XΠu2 electronic state of the C6+ ion. The applied model Hamiltonian excludes the stretching vibrations and end-over-end rotations. On the other hand, it considers the interplay between the vibronic and spin-orbit couplings. The parameters determining the shape of the bending potential energy surfaces are computed by means of a Density functional theory, and the spin-orbit coupling constant by the Multireference CI program using state-averaged complete active space self-consistent field (SA-CASSCF) wavefunctions. The results of the present study are expected to motivate and help future experimental investigations on C6+.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jørgensen, Mads R. V.; Piccoli, Paula M. B.; Hathwar, Venkatesha R.; Wang, Xiaoping; Hoffmann, Christina M.; Yakovenko, Andrey A.; Halder, Gregory J.; Schlueter, John A.; Iversen, Bo B.; Schultz, Arthur J.
2017-01-31
The structural phase transition accompanied by a Jahn–Teller switch has been studied over a range of H/D ratios in (NH_{4})_{2}[Cu(H_{2}O)_{6}](SO_{4})_{2}(ACTS). In particular, single-crystal neutron diffraction investigations of crystals with deuteration in the range 50 to 82% are shown to be consistent with previous electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) experiments exhibiting a phase boundary at 50% deuteration under ambient pressure. Polycrystalline samples show that the two phases can co-exist. In addition, single-crystal neutron and polycrystalline X-ray diffraction pressure experiments show a shift to lower pressure at 60% deuteration
Action–angle variables, ladder operators and coherent states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Campoamor-Stursberg, R.; Gadella, M.; Kuru, Ş.; Negro, J.
2012-01-01
This Letter is devoted to the building of coherent states from arguments based on classical action–angle variables. First, we show how these classical variables are associated to an algebraic structure in terms of Poisson brackets. In the quantum context these considerations are implemented by ladder type operators and a structure known as spectrum generating algebra. All this allows to generate coherent states and thereby the correspondence of classical–quantum properties by means of the aforementioned underlying structure. This approach is illustrated with the example of the one-dimensional Pöschl–Teller potential system. -- Highlights: ► We study the building of coherent states from classical action–angle variables arguments. ► The classical variables are associated to an algebraic structure in terms of Poisson brackets. ► In the quantum context these considerations are implemented by ladder type operators. ► All this allows to formulate coherent states and the correspondence of classical–quantum properties.
Orbital physics in sulfur spinels: ordered, liquid and glassy ground states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Buettgen, N; Hemberger, J; Fritsch, V; Krimmel, A; Muecksch, M; Nidda, H-A Krug von; Lunkenheimer, P; Fichtl, R; Tsurkan, V; Loidl, A
2004-01-01
Measurements of magnetization M(T, H), heat capacity C(T), NMR lineshift K(T) and linewidth Δ(T), neutron scattering S(Q, ω, T) and broadband dielectric spectroscopy ε(ω, T) provide experimental evidence of the different orbital ground states in the cubic sulfur spinels under investigation. In all compounds, the tetrahedrally coordinated Jahn-Teller ions Fe 2+ are characterized by a degeneracy of the orbital degrees of freedom. Particularly, we found a long-range orbital ordering in polycrystalline (PC) FeCr 2 S 4 , and a glassy freezing of the orbital degrees of freedom in FeCr 2 S 4 (single crystals) (SCs). In contrast, FeSc 2 S 4 belongs to the rare class of spin-orbital liquids, where quantum fluctuations accompanying the glassy freezing of the orbitals suppress long-range magnetic order
Isospin Symmetry of Transitions Probed by Weak and Strong Interactions
Roeckl, E
2002-01-01
Under the assumption that isospin is a good quantum number, isospin symmetry is expected for the transitions from the ground states of the pair of T = 1, T$_{z}$ = $\\pm$ 1 nuclei to excited states of the T = 0 nucleus situated in between the pair. In order to study the isospin symmetry of these transitions, we propose to perform an accurate comparison of Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions for the A = 58 system. This system is the heaviest for which such a comparison is possible. The $^{58}$Ni(T$_{z}$ = 1 ) $\\rightarrow^{58}$Cu(T$_{z}$ = 0 ) GT transitions are presently studied by using high-resolution charge exchange reaction at RNCP Osaka, while those of $^{58}$Zn(T$_{z}$ = -1) $\\rightarrow^{58}$Cu will be investigated in the $\\beta$-decay study at ISOLDE. Due to the large $Q\\scriptstyle_\\textrm{EC}$-value of $^{58}$Zn, GT transitions can be observed up to high excitation energies in $^{58}$Cu. In order to reach this goal, it is proposed to measure $\\beta$-delayed protons and $\\gamma$-rays by using a dedicated de...
The Structure of the Heavy Calcium Isotopes and the Effective Interaction in the sd-fp Shell
Dorvaux, O; Nowacki, F; Courtin, S; Marechal, F; Siiskonen, T M; Perrot, F; Pietri, S B
2002-01-01
Nuclei with 40 $<$ A $<$ 56, near the stability line, are very well described in the frame of the shell model. However, when the number of neutrons increases, the situation becomes more complex which explains why the interaction can be found very dissimilar within different calculations. Heavy Ca isotopes, because of the simplicity of their wave-functions, correspond to the optimal choice to fix unambiguously the interaction in this mass region.\\\\ It is proposed to measure the $\\beta$-decay of $^{51, 52, 53}$K with the help of an utmost performing neutron (TONNERRE array) and $\\gamma$- (Miniball clusters) detection, allowing efficient coincidence measurements. This will allow the lowest lying Gamow-Teller states to be located in $^{51, 52, 53}$Ca, and the still unknown properties of natural parity states to be investigated. The awaited results should allow to settle the n-n interaction in the fp shell and the Gnp matrix accross the sd and fp shells, one step farther from stability, by comparison with fu...
Nuclear Matrix Elements for the $\\beta\\beta$ Decay of the $^{76}$Ge
Brown, B A; Horoi, M
2015-01-01
The nuclear matrix elements for two-neutrino double-beta (2 n$\\beta\\beta$ ) and zero-neutrino double-beta (0 n$\\beta\\beta$) decay of 76 Ge are evaluated in terms of the configuration interaction (CI), quasiparticle random phase approximation (QRPA) and interacting boson model (IBM) methods. We show that the decomposition of the matrix elements in terms of interemediate states in 74 Ge is dominated by ground state of this nucleus. We consider corrections to the CI results that arise from configurations admixtures involving orbitals out-side of the CI configuration space by using results from QRPA, many-body-perturbation theory, and the connections to related observables. The CI two-neutrino matrix element is reduced due to the inclusion of spin-orbit partners, and to many-body correlations connected with Gamow-Teller beta decay. The CI zero-neutrino matrix element for the heavy neutrino is enhanced due to particle-particle correlations that are connected with the odd-even oscillations in the nuclear masse...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Suzuki, T.; Sagawa, H.
2000-01-01
Complete text of publication follows. Spin and isospin modes in nuclei are investigated. We discuss some of the following topics. 1. Spin-dipole excitations in 12 C and 16 O are studied (1). Effects of tensor and spin-orbit interactions on the distribution of the strengths are investigated, and neutral current neutrino scattering cross sections in 16 O are obtained for heavy-flavor neutrinos from the supernovae. 2. Gamow-Teller (GT) and spin-dipole (SD) modes in 208 Bi are investigated. Quenching and fragmentation of the GT strength are discussed (2). SD excitations and electric dipole (E1) transitions between the GT and SD states are studied (3). Calculated E1 strengths are compared with the sum rule values obtained within the 1p-1h and 1p-1h + 2p-2h configuration spaces. 3. Coulomb displacement energy (CDE) of the IAS of 14 Be is calculated, and the effects of the halo on the CDE and the configuration of the halo state are investigated. 4. Spreading width of IAS and isospin dependence of the width are investigated (4). Our formula for the width explains very well the observed isospin dependence (5). (author)
Department of Homeland Security — This shapefile is a point shapefile that displays the locations of the major state/regional agricultural fairs held throughout the United States. Some states (e.g.,...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Dr. Miles R. Cone
the state, it is possible to extrapolate a core of characteristics usually included in definitions of the state. .... colonial history is the 'artificial nature' of Africa's state borders and the notion that statehood was imposed on .... increasingly work exclusively for their own benefit as the state's capacity gradually weakens. Key interest ...
Spin-state blockade in Te6+-substituted electron-doped LaCoO3
Tomiyasu, Keisuke; Koyama, Shun-Ichi; Watahiki, Masanori; Sato, Mika; Nishihara, Kazuki; Onodera, Mitsugi; Iwasa, Kazuaki; Nojima, Tsutomu; Yamasaki, Yuuichi; Nakao, Hironori; Murakami, Youichi
2015-03-01
Perovskite-type LaCoO3 (Co3+: d6) is a rare inorganic material with sensitive and characteristic responses among low, intermediate, and high spin states. For example, in insulating nonmagnetic low-spin states below about 20 K, light hole doping (Ni substitution) induces much larger magnetization than expected; over net 10μB/hole (5μB/Ni) for 1μB/hole (1μB/Ni), in which the nearly isolated dopants locally change the surrounding Co low-spin states to magnetic ones and form spin molecules with larger total spin. Further, the former is isotropic, whereas the latter exhibits characteristic anisotropy probably because of Jahn-Teller distortion. In contrast, for electron doping, relatively insensitive spin-state responses were reported, as in LaCo(Ti4+) O3, but are not clarified, and are somewhat controversial. Here, we present macroscopic measurement data of another electron-doped system LaCo(Te6+) O3 and discuss the spin-state responses. This study was financially supported by Grants-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B) (No. 22740209 and 26800174) from the MEXT of Japan.
Improvements of mass formula and β-decay gross theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tachibana, Takahiro
1987-01-01
The nuclear mass greatly decreases when the number of protons Z and neutrons N is simultaneously equal to a magic number (mutual support of magicities). The mass also tends to decrease due to deformation as both N and Z are away from the magic numbers (mutual support of deformations). These two effects are introduced to a nuclear mass formula containing a constant-type shell term to derive a new formula. The mass excess is expressed by a sum of three parts, i.e. gross part, even-odd part and shell part. The gross part, which represents the general nature, consists of two rest mass terms and a coulomb term. The even-odd part is of a typical form with a correction term. The shell part consists of a proton shell term, neutron shell term, third term expressing the two mutual support effects, and fourth term representing a decrease in coulomb energy due to deformation of the nucleus. The improvements made in the β-decay gross theory are associated with the single particle intensity function D 0 GT (E,ε). They are intended for: (1) reproducing the peak that accounts for about a half of the Gamow-Teller intensity, which has recently been found in (p,n) reactions at energies above the isobaric analogue state and (2) explaining the other half by an exponential-type D 0 GT (E,ε). (Nogami, K.)
Relativistic mean field theory for unstable nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Toki, Hiroshi
2000-01-01
We discuss the properties of unstable nuclei in the framework of the relativistic mean field (RMF) theory. We take the RMF theory as a phenomenological theory with several parameters, whose form is constrained by the successful microscopic theory (RBHF), and whose values are extracted from the experimental values of unstable nuclei. We find the outcome with the newly obtained parameter sets (TM1 and TMA) is promising in comparison with various experimental data. We calculate systematically the ground state properties of even-even nuclei up to the drip lines; about 2000 nuclei. We find that the neutron magic shells (N=82, 128) at the standard magic numbers stay at the same numbers even far from the stability line and hence provide the feature of the r-process nuclei. However, many proton magic numbers disappear at the neutron numbers far away from the magic numbers due to the deformations. We discuss how to describe giant resonances for the case of the non-linear coupling terms for the sigma and omega mesons in the relativistic RPA. We mention also the importance of the relativistic effect on the spin observables as the Gamow-Teller strength and the longitudinal and transverse spin responses. (author)
$\\beta$-decay study of very neutron-rich Cd isotopes with a chemically selective laser ion source
2002-01-01
Following our test measurements of N=82-84 Cd isotopes with a specifically developed laser ion source (CERN/ISC 97-16, ISC/I 22), we now propose detailed spectroscopic studies of the decay of $^{130}$Cd to $\\,^{132}\\!$Cd, and at least the determination of some gross properties of the new N=85-86 nuclides $^{133}\\!$Cd and $\\,^{134}\\!$Cd. The main nuclear-structure objective of this experiment is the identification of the energies of the single-hole (SH) proton states in $^{131}$In. Nearly all of the other single-nucleon shell-model basis energies around doubly magic $^{132}$Sn are known by now, except those $\\pi$SH in Z=49 $\\,^{131}$In. Theoretical agreement on these values has not been achieved so far. Of particular interest is the depth of the $\\pi$f$_{5/3}$ hole and the p$_{3/2}$ - p$_{1/2}$ spin-orbit splitting. A second important goal is the determination of the position of the lowest-energy 1$^+\\,$ level in $^{130}$In predominantly populated in the Gamow-Teller (GT) decay of N=82 $^{130}\\!$Cd. Apart from...
Observables in muon capture on 23Na and the effective weak couplings ga and gp
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Johnson, B.L.; Gorringe, T.P.; Armstrong, D.S.; Bauer, J.; Hasinoff, M.D.; Kovash, M.A.; Measday, D.F.; Moftah, B.A.; Porter, R.; Wright, D.H.
1996-01-01
We report measurements of capture rates and hyperfine dependences in muon capture on 23 Na to various states in Ne and F isotopes. We also report comparisons of the capture rates and hyperfine dependences for six 23 Na → 23 Ne transitions with the 1s-0d shell model with the empirical effective interaction of Brown and Wildenthal and the realistic effective interaction of Kuo and Brown. Fits to the data with the Brown and Wildenthal interaction yield an effective coupling g a = -1.01 ± 0.07 and an effective coupling ratio g p /g a = 6.5 ± 2.4. The value of g a is consistent with values of g a extracted from β + /β - decay and (p,n)/(n,p) charge exchange data, and the value of g p /g a is consistent with the predictions of PCAC and pion-pole dominance. We evaluate the nuclear model dependence of these values of g a and g p /g a and examine the role of the Gamow-Teller and other matrix elements in the 23 Na → 23 Ne transitions. copyright 1996 The American Physical Society
Progress in research, April 1, 1992 - March 31, 1993, Texas A and M University Cyclotron Institute
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
1993-07-01
This Institute annual report for the period 1 April 1992--31 March 1993 covers a period which has seen the initial runs of three new spectrometers which constitute a major portion of the new detection capabilities developed for this facility. These devices are the Proton Spectrometer (PSP), the Mass Achromat Recoil Mass Spectrometer (MARS), and the Multipole dipole Multipole (MDM) Particle Spectrometer. These devices are now available to pursue the studies of Gamow Teller states, reactions of astrophysical interest, and giant resonance studies for which they were constructed, as well as for other experiments. A beam analysis system which will deliver high resolution beams to the MDM spectrometer is currently under construction. With the completion of these spectrometer projects, the facility emphasis is now focused on the development of the full capabilities of the K500 cyclotron and on the research program. During the report period, the ECR-K500 cyclotron combination operated 5,849 hours. Theoretical work reported in this document ranges from nuclear structure calculations using the IBM-2 model to calculations of kaon production and the in-medium properties of the rho and phi mesons, the latter as a probe of the QCD phase transition. Nuclear dynamics and exotic shapes and fragmentation modes of hot nuclei are also addressed. In atomic physics, new measurements of x-ray emission from highly ionized ions, of molecular dissociation and of surface interactions are reported
Progress in research, April 1, 1992--March 31, 1993, Texas A and M University Cyclotron Institute
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
NONE
1993-07-01
This Institute annual report for the period 1 April 1992--31 March 1993 covers a period which has seen the initial runs of three new spectrometers which constitute a major portion of the new detection capabilities developed for this facility. These devices are the Proton Spectrometer (PSP), the Mass Achromat Recoil Mass Spectrometer (MARS), and the Multipole dipole Multipole (MDM) Particle Spectrometer. These devices are now available to pursue the studies of Gamow Teller states, reactions of astrophysical interest, and giant resonance studies for which they were constructed, as well as for other experiments. A beam analysis system which will deliver high resolution beams to the MDM spectrometer is currently under construction. With the completion of these spectrometer projects, the facility emphasis is now focused on the development of the full capabilities of the K500 cyclotron and on the research program. During the report period, the ECR-K500 cyclotron combination operated 5,849 hours. Theoretical work reported in this document ranges from nuclear structure calculations using the IBM-2 model to calculations of kaon production and the in-medium properties of the rho and phi mesons, the latter as a probe of the QCD phase transition. Nuclear dynamics and exotic shapes and fragmentation modes of hot nuclei are also addressed. In atomic physics, new measurements of x-ray emission from highly ionized ions, of molecular dissociation and of surface interactions are reported.
Electron localization, polarons and clustered states in manganites
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mannella, N.
2004-01-01
Full text: A recent multi-spectroscopic study of prototypical colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) compounds La 1-x Sr x MnO 3 (LSMO, x = 0.3, 0.4) using photoemission (PE), x-ray absorption (XAS), x-ray emission (XES) and extended x-ray absorption e structure (EXAFS) has exposed a dramatic change in the electronic structure on crossing the ferromagnetic-to-paramagnetic transition temperature (T C ). In particular, this investigation revealed an increase of the Mn magnetic moment by ca. 1 Bohr magneton and charge transfer to the Mn atom on crossing T C concomitant with the presence of Jahn-Teller distortions, thus providing direct evidence of lattice polaron formation. These results thus challenge the belief of some authors that the LSMO compounds are canonical double-exchange (DE) systems in which polaron formation is unimportant, and thus help to unify the theoretical description of the CMR oxides. The relationship of these data to other recent work suggesting electron localization, polarons and phase separation, along with additional measurements of magnetic susceptibility indicating the formation of ferromagnetic clusters in the metallic paramagnetic state above T C will be discussed
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Payment measures â state data. This data set includes state-level data for the payment measures associated with an episode of care for heart attack, heart failure,...
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Payment measures – state data. This data set includes state-level data for the payment measures associated with an episode of care for heart attack, heart failure,...
Supersqueezed states from squeezed states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nieto, M.M.
1992-01-01
Using super-Baker-Campbell-Hausdorff relations on the elements of the supergroup OSP(2/2), we derive the supersqueeze operator and the supersqueezed states, which are the supersymmetric generalization of the squeezed states of the harmonic oscillator
Gödel, Einstein, Mach, Gamow, and Lanczos: Gödel's remarkable excursion into cosmology
Rindler, Wolfgang
2009-06-01
This article is an expanded version of a talk given at the International Symposium Celebrating the 100th Birthday of Kurt Gödel (Vienna, 2006). It seeks to trace the path which led this preeminent mathematical logician to discover one of the famous results of General Relativity, the rotating Gödel Universe. This universe has some remarkable properties, which gave the philosophers plenty to worry about. It allows a person to travel into his own past, with all the ensuing causal paradoxes; it allows no unique temporal ordering of events; and though Gödel's Universe is rigid and infinite, the Foucault pendulum planes everywhere in it rotate in unison, a clear affront to adherents of Mach's Principle. We also discuss some lesser known precursors in the field, who just missed discovering Gödel's universe. While the article gives all the necessary derivations in simplified form (for example, of the metric and its geodesics), much of it should be accessible to the general reader, who can simply skip most of the mathematics. [Reprinted, with permission, from Kurt Gödel and the Foundations of Mathematics: Horizons of Truth, edited by Matthias Baaz, Christos H. Papadimitriou, Dana S. Scott, Hilary Putnam, and Charles L. Harper, Jr. (Cambridge U. P., New York, 2009).
Lim, Edward C
1974-01-01
Excited States, Volume I reviews radiationless transitions, phosphorescence microwave double resonance through optical spectra in molecular solids, dipole moments in excited states, luminescence of polar molecules, and the problem of interstate interaction in aromatic carbonyl compounds. The book discusses the molecular electronic radiationless transitions; the double resonance techniques and the relaxation mechanisms involving the lowest triplet state of aromatic compounds; as well as the optical spectra and relaxation in molecular solids. The text also describes dipole moments and polarizab
Superconductivity, Mott-Hubbard states, and molecular orbital order in intercalated fullerides
Iwasa, Y
2003-01-01
This article reviews the current status of chemically doped fullerene superconductors and related compounds, with particular focus on Mott-Hubbard states and the role of molecular orbital degeneracy. Alkaline-earth metal fullerides produce superconductors of several kinds, all of which have states with higher valence than (C sub 6 sub 0) sup 6 sup - , where the second lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (the LUMO + 1 state) is filled. Alkali-metal-doped fullerides, on the other hand, afford superconductors only at the stoichiometry A sub 3 C sub 6 sub 0 (A denotes alkali metal) and in basically fcc structures. The metallicity and superconductivity of A sub 3 C sub 6 sub 0 compounds are destroyed either by reduction of the crystal symmetry or by change in the valence of C sub 6 sub 0. This difference is attributed to the narrower bandwidth in the A sub 3 C sub 6 sub 0 system, causing electronic instability in Jahn-Teller insulators and Mott-Hubbard insulators. The latter metal-insulator transition is driven by...
Jobe, Janita
1992-01-01
This annotated bibliography lists 100 state government documents from 45 states published in 1991 that address a wide range of topics, including historical and cultural issues; health and social issues, including education, crime, and homelessness; the environment; and the economy. A list of contributors is included. (two references) (MES)
96 THE EFFECT OF AUTOMATED TELLER MACHINES ON BANKS ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
mergers and acquisitions of weak banks. To restore public confidence and to continue in business, the new banks had to reengineer their systems and operations with information technology. Their numerous branches were networked with computers that support Very. Small Aperture Technology (VSAT); thus enabling the ...
96 THE EFFECT OF AUTOMATED TELLER MACHINES ON BANKS ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Nworuh and Ahaiwe, (2003) argued that “Information technology (IT) is the core tool ... services. The specific objectives include: 1. To investigate the effect of ATM on market shares. 2. To investigate the effect of ATM on time and profitability. 3. .... source of data came from textbooks, journals and newspaper publications.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Francis Dupuis-Déri
2016-06-01
Full Text Available ‘State feminism’ is a concept that refers to the integration of feminists and feminist issues into the state apparatus. Yet, while the feminist movement must regularly contend with an antifeminist counter-movement, it is worth considering whether a ‘state antifeminism’ is also present or emerging, and how this presence or emergence is affecting efforts by feminist organizations to address the needs of women and advance women's equality. With this objective in mind, this article focuses chiefly on two Western countries and is based on more than twenty semi-structured interviews with feminists in Belgium and Quebec, Canada.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Quarterly newsletter published by the American Association of State Climatologists. Library includes volumes 1 through 21, for the years 1977-1997.
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A list of the state averages for the HCAHPS survey responses. HCAHPS is a national, standardized survey of hospital patients about their experiences during a recent...
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A list of a variety of averages for each state or territory as well as the national average, including each quality measure, staffing, fine amount and number of...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alberto Angel Mazzoni
2008-08-01
Full Text Available O trabalho foca alguns aspectos relativos à usabilidade e acessibilidade de caixas bancários de auto-atendimento (CAA, aspectos esses que ficam evidenciados como sendo problemas quando os usuários são pessoas idosas e, como tais, podem ter implicações sobre a saúde e os estados de saúde dos mesmos. A pesquisa foi conduzida tendo como objeto de análise os CAA instalados em agências de dois bancos estatais, tendo sido a interação dos usuários avaliada utilizando-se metodologia de análise quantitativa, através de uma amostra constituída por 70 clientes idosos. A pesquisa de campo demonstrou que, nas situações de interação com os CAA, prevalecem os estados de intranqüilidade entre os usuários idosos, e que esses usuários estão expostos a uma grande carga psíquica. O estudo discrimina tanto algumas das características negativas que foram observadas nesses ambientes, bem como adverte porque essas características são desfavoráveis para as pessoas idosas. Além disso, assinala para a necessidade de aperfeiçoamentos nesses serviços, bem como para o desenvolvimento de pesquisas que avaliem o impacto dessa carga psíquica sobre a saúde das pessoas idosas.This study focuses on some aspects related to the usability and accessibility of automated teller machines (ATM, identified as problematic for elderly users. Some of these problems can interfere with the health and the health status of these users. This study was carried out in two ATMs installed in agencies of two public bank institutions. The interaction of the users with the ATMs was evaluated by quantitative analysis, using a sample of 70 aged customers. The results demonstrated that the elderly felt uneasy using the ATMs, suffering great psychic pressure. This study not only rejects some of the negative characteristics observed in these environments but also alerts to their unfavorable impacts upon the health of the elderly. Moreover, it points to the need for improving
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nakata, Hidehiko [Waseda Univ., Tokyo (Japan). Dept. of Physics; Tachibana, Takahiro; Yamada, Masami
1997-03-01
Recently the gross theory of nuclear {beta}-decay was refined for odd-odd nuclei. In this refinement, the effect of the selection rule of {beta}-transitions from the ground states of odd-odd nuclei to those of even-even nuclei was taken into account based on a statistical consideration. The transitions to the first 2{sup +} excited states in even-even nuclei were also taken into account according to the selection rule approximately. In that study, it was found that the transitions between 1{sup -} ground states of the odd-odd nuclei and 0{sup +} ground states of even-even nuclei, belonging to the first-forbidden transitions of rank 1, are strongly hindered. A reduction factor was introduced for the transitions to the ground states of even-even nuclei to take into account this hindrance. It was also found that the strength functions of the Gamow-Teller transitions obtained from the conventional gross theory are underestimated by a factor of about 3. In order to improve this underestimation, the Lorentz-type function was adopted for the one-particle strength function in the model instead of the hyperbolic-secant-type function. In the present study we have newly analyzed the experimental ft-values of odd-A nuclei, and found that the first-forbidden transitions of rank 1 are also considerably hindered between the ground states. Following the above refinement we have calculated the {beta}-ray spectra of some odd-odd short-lived fission products with the use of the refined gross theory. These results are compared not only with the experiments by Rudstam et al. but also with the conventional gross theory. (author)
Charge exchange reactions and the efficiency of solar neutrino detectors
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Austin, S.M.; Anantaraman, N.; Love, W.G.
1994-01-01
The efficiencies of solar neutrino detectors are often based in part on weak interaction strengths determined by (p,n) and other charge exchange reactions. Although the (p,n) determinations are surprisingly good, it is shown that they may be inaccurate for important Gamow-Teller transitions whose strengths are a small fraction of the sum rule limit. This emphasizes the importance of direct calibration with ν sources for detectors such as 127 I and 115 In where direct β-decay information cannot be obtained. It may also bear on recent attempts to compare charge exchange and beta decay in the mass-37 system
Testing Lorentz invariance in β decay
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sytema A.
2014-03-01
Experimentally we exploit the Gamow-Teller transition of polarized 20Na, where we can test the dependence of the β-decay rate on the spin orientation of 20Na. The polarization degree is measured using the β asymmetry, while the decay rate is measured by the γ yield. A change in the γ rate, when reversing the spin, implies Lorentz invariance violation. The decay rate should depend on sidereal time and the polarization direction relative to the rotation axis of the earth. The method of the measurement will be presented, together with the first results.
Limits on Tensor Coupling from Neutron $\\beta$-Decay
Pattie Jr, Robert W.; Hickerson, Kevin P.; Young, Albert R.
2013-01-01
Limits on the tensor couplings generating a Fierz interference term, b, in mixed Gamow-Teller Fermi decays can be derived by combining data from measurements of angular correlation parameters in neutron decay, the neutron lifetime, and $G_{\\text{V}}=G_{\\text{F}} V_{ud}$ as extracted from measurements of the $\\mathcal{F}t$ values from the $0^{+} \\to 0^{+}$ superallowed decays dataset. These limits are derived by comparing the neutron $\\beta$-decay rate as predicted in the standard model with t...
Sizeable beta-strength in 31Ar(beta-3p) decay
Koldste, G.T.; Borge, M.J.G.; Briz, J.A.; Carmona-Gallardo, M.; Fraile, L.M.; Fynbo, H.O.U.; Giovinazzo, J.; Johansen, J.G.; Jokinen, A.; Jonson, B.; Kurturkian-Nieto, T.; Nilsson, T.; Perea, A.; Pesudo, V.; Picado, E.; Riisager, K.; Saastamoinen, A.; Tengblad, O.; Thomas, J.C.; Van de Walle, J.
2014-01-01
We present for the first time precise spectroscopic information on the recently discovered decay mode beta-delayed 3p-emission. The detection of the 3p events gives an increased sensitivity to the high energy part of the Gamow-Teller strength distribution from the decay of 31Ar revealing that as much as 30% of the strength resides in the beta-3p decay mode. A simplified description of how the main decay modes evolve as the excitation energy increases in 31Cl is provided.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kucuk, L.; Oktem, Y.; Cakirli, R.B.; Ganioglu, E.; Susoy, G. [Istanbul University, Department of Physics, Istanbul (Turkey); Orrigo, S.E.A.; Montaner-Piza, A.; Rubio, B. [CSIC-Universidad de Valencia, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Valencia (Spain); Fujita, Y. [Osaka University, Department of Physics, Toyonaka, Osaka (Japan); Osaka University, Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Ibaraki, Osaka (Japan); Gelletly, W. [CSIC-Universidad de Valencia, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Valencia (Spain); University of Surrey, Department of Physics, Guildford, Surrey (United Kingdom); Blank, B.; Ascher, P.; Giovinazzo, J.; Grevy, S. [Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, CNRS/IN2P3 - Universite de Bordeaux, Gradignan (France); Adachi, T.; Fujita, H.; Tamii, A. [Osaka University, Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Ibaraki, Osaka (Japan); Algora, A. [CSIC-Universidad de Valencia, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Valencia (Spain); Inst. of Nuclear Research of the Hung. Acad. of Sciences, Debrecen (Hungary); France, G. de; Oliveira Santos, F. de; Thomas, J.C. [Grand Accelerateur National d' Ions Lourds (GANIL), CEA/DRF-CNRS/IN2P3, Caen (France); Marques, F.M. [Laboratoire de Physique Corpusculaire de Caen, ENSICAEN, UNICAEN, IN2P3/CNRS, Caen (France); Molina, F. [CSIC-Universidad de Valencia, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular, Valencia (Spain); Comision Chilena de Energia Nuclear, Casilla 188-D, Santiago (Chile); Perrot, L. [IPN Orsay, Orsay (France); Raabe, R. [Grand Accelerateur National d' Ions Lourds (GANIL), CEA/DRF-CNRS/IN2P3, Caen (France); KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Leuven (Belgium); Srivastava, P.C. [Grand Accelerateur National d' Ions Lourds (GANIL), CEA/DRF-CNRS/IN2P3, Caen (France); Indian Institute of Technology, Department of Physics, Roorkee (India)
2017-06-15
We have measured the β-decay half-lives of 16 neutron-deficient nuclei with T{sub z} = -1/2 and -1, ranging from chromium to germanium. They were produced in an experiment carried out at GANIL and optimized for the production of {sup 58}Zn, for which in addition we present the decay scheme and absolute Fermi and Gamow-Teller transition strengths. Since all of these nuclei lie on the rp-process pathway, the T{sub 1/2} values are important ingredients for the rp-process reaction flow calculations and for models of X-ray bursters. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Morini, Filippo; Deleuze, Michael Simon; Watanabe, Noboru; Kojima, Masataka; Takahashi, Masahiko
2015-01-01
The influence of nuclear dynamics in the electronic ground state on the (e,2e) momentum profiles of dimethyl ether has been analyzed using the harmonic analytical quantum mechanical and Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics approaches. In spite of fundamental methodological differences, results obtained with both approaches consistently demonstrate that molecular vibrations in the electronic ground state have a most appreciable influence on the momentum profiles associated to the 2b 1 , 6a 1 , 4b 2 , and 1a 2 orbitals. Taking this influence into account considerably improves the agreement between theoretical and newly obtained experimental momentum profiles, with improved statistical accuracy. Both approaches point out in particular the most appreciable role which is played by a few specific molecular vibrations of A 1 , B 1 , and B 2 symmetries, which correspond to C–H stretching and H–C–H bending modes. In line with the Herzberg-Teller principle, the influence of these molecular vibrations on the computed momentum profiles can be unraveled from considerations on the symmetry characteristics of orbitals and their energy spacing
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Morini, Filippo; Deleuze, Michael Simon, E-mail: michael.deleuze@uhasselt.be [Center of Molecular and Materials Modelling, Hasselt University, Agoralaan Gebouw D, B-3590 Diepenbeek (Belgium); Watanabe, Noboru; Kojima, Masataka; Takahashi, Masahiko [Institute of Multidisciplinary Research for Advanced Materials, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)
2015-10-07
The influence of nuclear dynamics in the electronic ground state on the (e,2e) momentum profiles of dimethyl ether has been analyzed using the harmonic analytical quantum mechanical and Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics approaches. In spite of fundamental methodological differences, results obtained with both approaches consistently demonstrate that molecular vibrations in the electronic ground state have a most appreciable influence on the momentum profiles associated to the 2b{sub 1}, 6a{sub 1}, 4b{sub 2}, and 1a{sub 2} orbitals. Taking this influence into account considerably improves the agreement between theoretical and newly obtained experimental momentum profiles, with improved statistical accuracy. Both approaches point out in particular the most appreciable role which is played by a few specific molecular vibrations of A{sub 1}, B{sub 1}, and B{sub 2} symmetries, which correspond to C–H stretching and H–C–H bending modes. In line with the Herzberg-Teller principle, the influence of these molecular vibrations on the computed momentum profiles can be unraveled from considerations on the symmetry characteristics of orbitals and their energy spacing.
Morini, Filippo; Watanabe, Noboru; Kojima, Masataka; Deleuze, Michael Simon; Takahashi, Masahiko
2015-10-01
The influence of nuclear dynamics in the electronic ground state on the (e,2e) momentum profiles of dimethyl ether has been analyzed using the harmonic analytical quantum mechanical and Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics approaches. In spite of fundamental methodological differences, results obtained with both approaches consistently demonstrate that molecular vibrations in the electronic ground state have a most appreciable influence on the momentum profiles associated to the 2b1, 6a1, 4b2, and 1a2 orbitals. Taking this influence into account considerably improves the agreement between theoretical and newly obtained experimental momentum profiles, with improved statistical accuracy. Both approaches point out in particular the most appreciable role which is played by a few specific molecular vibrations of A1, B1, and B2 symmetries, which correspond to C-H stretching and H-C-H bending modes. In line with the Herzberg-Teller principle, the influence of these molecular vibrations on the computed momentum profiles can be unraveled from considerations on the symmetry characteristics of orbitals and their energy spacing.
Mukherjee, Soumya; Mukherjee, Bijit; Adhikari, Satrajit
2017-08-24
We present explicit form of Adiabatic to Diabatic Transformation (ADT) equations and expressions of non-adiabatic coupling terms (NACTs) for a coupled five-state electronic manifold in terms of ADT angles between electronic wave functions. ADT matrices eliminate the numerical instability arising from singularity of NACTs and transform the adiabatic Schrödinger equation to its diabatic form. Two real molecular systems NO 3 and C 6 H 6 + (Bz + ) are selectively chosen for the demonstration of workability of those equations. We examine the NACTs among the lowest five electronic states of the NO 3 radical [X̃ 2 A 2 ' (1 2 B 2 ), Ã 2 E″ (1 2 A 2 and 1 2 B 1 ) and B̃ 2 E' (1 2 A 1 and 2 2 B 2 )], in which all types of non-adiabatic interactions, that is, Jahn-Teller (JT) interactions, Pseudo Jahn-Teller (PJT) interactions, and accidental conical intersections (CIs) are present. On the other hand, lowest five electronic states of Bz + [X̃ 2 E 1g (1 2 B 3g and 1 2 B 2g ), B̃ 2 E 2g (1 2 A g and 1 2 B 1g ), and C̃ 2 A 2u (1 2 B 1u )] depict similar kind of complex feature of non-adiabatic effects. For NO 3 radical, the two components of degenerate in-plane asymmetric stretching mode are taken as a plane of nuclear configuration space (CS), whereas in case of Bz + , two pairs are chosen: One is the pair of components of degenerate in-plane asymmetric stretching mode, and the other one is constituted with one of the components each from out-of-plane degenerate bend and in-plane degenerate asymmetric stretching modes. We calculate ab initio adiabatic potential energy surfaces (PESs) and NACTs among the lowest five electronic states at the CASSCF level using MOLPRO quantum chemistry package. Subsequently, the ADT is performed using those newly developed equations to validate the positions of the CIs, evaluate the ADT angles and construct smooth, symmetric, and continuous diabatic PESs for both the molecular systems.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brouillard, F.
1983-01-01
This chapter considers the formation of Rydberg atoms; their radiative decay; their behavior in electric and electromagnetic fields; and their collisions with atoms and ions. Discusses electron capture into high excited states; laser excitation of Rydberg states; Stark shift and Stark mixing; field ionization; ionization in oscillating fields; thermal collisions of Rydberg atoms; fast collisions of Rydberg atoms; n-changing collisions; and charge exchange. Points out that a large amount of experimental work has been done on collisions of Rydberg atoms with neutral perturbers at thermal energies, and most of it concerns the destruction of Rydberg alkali atoms in collisions with rare gases
African Journals Online (AJOL)
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of gender on leadership styles and administrative effective~~ess of secondary school principals in selected sctiools in Cross River State. In pursuance of this study, two hypothesis were formulated. Two sets of questionnaires, Principal's Self-Evaluation. Questionnaire ...
Olson, Cathy Applefeld
2013-01-01
When a music teacher is named Teacher of the Year for an entire state, one just know a special story awaits. The narrative of Heidi Welch, director of music at Hillsboro-Deering High School in New Hampshire, does not disappoint. Welch, who grew up in abject poverty and was often homeless, developed her love of music through memorizing and singing…
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)
(To raise a government's revenues, for example, or to propose a government expenditure, is first to judge the tolerance of the global bond market and the mood swings of currency traders.) Meanwhile, the transcending, supranational issues of peace, development, and the preservation of the planet defy resolution by states ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of gender on leadership styles and administrative .... ranked significantly ahead of men as democratic leaders ... effectiveness and leadership styles of secondary school principals In Cross River. State. METHODOLOGY. Research Area: The study was conducte'd in c ~ m.
State of the States 2016: Arts Education State Policy Summary
Aragon, Stephanie
2016-01-01
The "State of the States 2016" summarizes state policies for arts education identified in statute or administrative code for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Information is based on a comprehensive search of state education statute and codes on each state's relevant websites. Complete results from this review are available in…
Analytical equation of state with three-body forces: Application to noble gases
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Río, Fernando del, E-mail: fdr@xanum.uam.mx; Díaz-Herrera, Enrique; Guzmán, Orlando; Moreno-Razo, José Antonio [Departamento de Física, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Iztapalapa, Apdo 55 534, México DF, 09340 (Mexico); Ramos, J. Eloy [Colegio de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México, Mexico DF (Mexico)
2013-11-14
We developed an explicit equation of state (EOS) for small non polar molecules by means of an effective two-body potential. The average effect of three-body forces was incorporated as a perturbation, which results in rescaled values for the parameters of the two-body potential. These values replace the original ones in the EOS corresponding to the two-body interaction. We applied this procedure to the heavier noble gases and used a modified Kihara function with an effective Axilrod-Teller-Muto (ATM) term to represent the two- and three-body forces. We also performed molecular dynamics simulations with two- and three-body forces. There was good agreement between predicted, simulated, and experimental thermodynamic properties of neon, argon, krypton, and xenon, up to twice the critical density and up to five times the critical temperature. In order to achieve 1% accuracy of the pressure at liquid densities, the EOS must incorporate the effect of ATM forces. The ATM factor in the rescaled two-body energy is most important at temperatures around and lower than the critical one. Nonetheless, the rescaling of two-body diameter cannot be neglected at liquid-like densities even at high temperature. This methodology can be extended straightforwardly to deal with other two- and three-body potentials. It could also be used for other nonpolar substances where a spherical two-body potential is still a reasonable coarse-grain approximation.
Progress in research, April 1, 1981-March 31, 1982
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Youngblood, D.H.
1982-06-01
During the year April 1, 1981 to March 31, 1982 a wide variety of both experimental and theoretical programs were underway, and some examples of recent work in areas of current interest are described. The transition nucleus 148 Sm has been shown to have considerable mixing of the giant quadrupole and monopole resonances; no distinct separate monopole resonances; no distinct separate monopole is observed. Massive transfer reaction have been shown to be an excellent means of producing nuclei within a narrow range of angular momentum for gamma ray spectroscopic studies; in some cases, states in neutron-rich nuclei have been produced which cannot be populated with the usual compound nuclear reactions. Evidence has been obtained for a large spin enhancement in heavy-ion induced fission due to the excitation of collective modes. The analyzing powers A/sub y/ and A/sub yy/ for the 1 H(d,n)2p breakup reaction have been measured at 42.4 MeV at 0 0 and 18 0 . High resolution measurements of x-ray emission in heavy-ion collisions have provided new evidence for resonant electron transfer, and have led to the observation of aligned atomic states in helium-like heavy ions. In theoretical efforts a quantum mechanical theory of fission was shown to lead to the barrier-state formula for fission lifetimes of excited nuclei. The first continuum RPA computation of a Gamow-Teller resonance was completed and pions were shown to be responsible for the enhancement of subthreshold K - production in heavy-ion collision
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Stephen Bernow
1998-12-01
Full Text Available This paper presents and discusses an integrated set of policies designed to reduce U.S. carbon emissions over the next four decades. This innovation path also aims to promote environmental quality, particularly by reducing emissions of criteria air pollutants, to reduce U.S. dependence on imported oil, and to induce technological innovation and diffusion in energy production and consumption. The innovation path would reduce economy-wide carbon emissions by 26% below baseline projections for 2010 and by 62% below baseline projections for 2030; this translates into 10% below 1990 levels in 2010 and 45% below 1990 levels in 2030. Emissions of criteria pollutants also would be significantly reduced, as would petroleum imports by the United States. Moreover, the innovation path would yield cumulative net savings for the United States of $218 billion (1993 dollars through 2010, or $19 billion on a leveled annual basis, and would result in 800,000 additional jobs nationwide by 2010. Although the overall findings from the innovation path analysis are robust, the results should be taken as indicative, rather than precisely predictive, owing to uncertainties in future costs, prices, technology performance, and consumer behavior.
State of the States, 2012: Arts Education State Policy Summary
Arts Education Partnership (NJ1), 2012
2012-01-01
The "State of the States 2012" summarizes state policies for arts education identified in statute or code for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Information is based primarily on results from the AEP Arts Education State Policy Survey conducted in 2010-11, and updated in April 2012.
Coherent states: a contemporary panorama Coherent states: a contemporary panorama
Twareque Ali, S.; Antoine, Jean-Pierre; Bagarello, Fabio; Gazeau, Jean-Pierre
2012-06-01
magnetic field (Hall-Mitchell) a paper on CS for a quantum particle on a Möbius strip (Cirilo-Lombardo) a discussion of quantization on the circle (Chadzitaskos et al); SUSY CS for Pöschl-Teller potentials (Bergeron et al); generalized Bargmann functions and von Neumann lattices (Vourdas et al); partial reconstruction for a finite CS system, using the Fock-Bargmann representation (Calixto et al); phase operators for SU(3) irreps, thus for finite quantum systems (de Guise); semiclassical CS in periodic potentials (Carles-Sparber) complexified CS with non-Hermitian Hamiltonians (Graefe-Schubert) minimal uncertainty states in the context of (semisimple) group representation theory (Oszmaniec); localization operators in the time-frequency domain, i.e., in Gabor analysis (Muzhikyan-Avanesyan) and, finally, two papers about fermionic CS (Daoud-Kibler and Trifonov). This brief description illustrates perfectly the extreme versatility of the CS concept. As already stressed, coherent states constitute nowadays a flourishing research topic, with applications to a wide spectrum of domains. Indeed, CS are everywhere in physics: condensed matter physics, atomic physics, nuclear and particle physics, quantum optics, dynamics—both quantum and classical potentials—quantum gravity, quantization and quantum information theory. On the other hand, CS have grown into a fully-fledged domain in mathematics, incorporating many tools such as group representations, POV measures, frames, holomorphic functions, orthogonal polynomials and so on. Interestingly enough, the majority of contributions to this special issue (22 out of 37) are mathematically minded, demonstrating the widespread interest CS have generated in various areas of mathematics. A third field related to CS (but almost not represented in the present collection) is signal processing. Indeed both Gabor analysis and wavelet analysis derive in the first place from CS theory, namely, CS associated to the Weyl-Heisenberg and the ax
Beta-decay rate and beta-delayed neutron emission probability of improved gross theory
Koura, Hiroyuki
2014-09-01
A theoretical study has been carried out on beta-decay rate and beta-delayed neutron emission probability. The gross theory of the beta decay is based on an idea of the sum rule of the beta-decay strength function, and has succeeded in describing beta-decay half-lives of nuclei overall nuclear mass region. The gross theory includes not only the allowed transition as the Fermi and the Gamow-Teller, but also the first-forbidden transition. In this work, some improvements are introduced as the nuclear shell correction on nuclear level densities and the nuclear deformation for nuclear strength functions, those effects were not included in the original gross theory. The shell energy and the nuclear deformation for unmeasured nuclei are adopted from the KTUY nuclear mass formula, which is based on the spherical-basis method. Considering the properties of the integrated Fermi function, we can roughly categorized energy region of excited-state of a daughter nucleus into three regions: a highly-excited energy region, which fully affect a delayed neutron probability, a middle energy region, which is estimated to contribute the decay heat, and a region neighboring the ground-state, which determines the beta-decay rate. Some results will be given in the presentation. A theoretical study has been carried out on beta-decay rate and beta-delayed neutron emission probability. The gross theory of the beta decay is based on an idea of the sum rule of the beta-decay strength function, and has succeeded in describing beta-decay half-lives of nuclei overall nuclear mass region. The gross theory includes not only the allowed transition as the Fermi and the Gamow-Teller, but also the first-forbidden transition. In this work, some improvements are introduced as the nuclear shell correction on nuclear level densities and the nuclear deformation for nuclear strength functions, those effects were not included in the original gross theory. The shell energy and the nuclear deformation for
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhou, Linsen [Key Laboratory of Mesoscopic Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Institute of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Xie, Daiqian, E-mail: dqxie@nju.edu.cn, E-mail: hguo@unm.edu [Key Laboratory of Mesoscopic Chemistry, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Institute of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Synergetic Innovation Center of Quantum Information and Quantum Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Guo, Hua, E-mail: dqxie@nju.edu.cn, E-mail: hguo@unm.edu [Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico 87131 (United States)
2015-03-28
A detailed quantum mechanical characterization of the photodissociation dynamics of H{sub 2}O at 121.6 nm is presented. The calculations were performed using a full-dimensional wave packet method on coupled potential energy surfaces of all relevant electronic states. Our state-to-state model permits a detailed analysis of the OH(X{sup ~}/A{sup ~}) product fine-structure populations as a probe of the non-adiabatic dissociation dynamics. The calculated rotational state distributions of the two Λ-doublet levels of OH(X{sup ~}, v = 0) exhibit very different characteristics. The A′ states, produced mostly via the B{sup ~}→X{sup ~} conical intersection pathway, have significantly higher populations than the A″ counterparts, which are primarily from the B{sup ~}→A{sup ~} Renner-Teller pathway. The former features a highly inverted and oscillatory rotational state distribution, while the latter has a smooth distribution with much less rotational excitation. In good agreement with experiment, the calculated total OH(X{sup ~}) rotational state distribution and anisotropy parameters show clear even-odd oscillations, which can be attributed to a quantum mechanical interference between waves emanating from the HOH and HHO conical intersections in the B{sup ~}→X{sup ~} non-adiabatic pathway. On the other hand, the experiment-theory agreement for the OH(A{sup ~}) fragment is also satisfactory, although some small quantitative differences suggest remaining imperfections of the ab initio based potential energy surfaces.
... State Health Facts Home State Health Facts Search State Health Facts: Choose Category - or - Choose Location Demographics ... Health Care Health Professional Shortage Areas (HPSAs) Featured State Data Resources Custom State Reports Compile data from ...
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gaudefroy, L
2005-09-15
The study of the N=28 shell closure has been presented as well as its astrophysical implications. Moreover the structure of neutron rich nuclei around N=32/34 and 40 was studied. The N=28 shell closure has been studied trough the one neutron transfer reaction on {sup 44,46}Ar nuclei. Excitation energies of states in {sup 45,47}Ar nuclei have been obtained, as well as their angular momenta and spectroscopic factors. These results were used to show that N=28 is still a good magic number in the argon isotopic chain. We interpreted the evolution of the spin-orbit partner gaps in terms of the tensor monopolar proton-neutron interaction. Thanks to this latter, we showed it is not necessary to summon up a reduction of the intensity of the spin-orbit force in order to explain this evolution in N=29 isotopes from calcium to argon chains. The neutron capture rates on {sup 44,46}Ar have been determined thanks to the results of the transfer reaction. Their influence on the nucleosynthesis of {sup 46,48}Ca was studied. We proposed stellar conditions to account for the abnormal isotopic ratio observed in the Allende meteorite concerning {sup 46,48}Ca isotopes. The beta decay and gamma spectroscopy of neutron rich nuclei in the scandium to cobalt region has been studied. We showed that beta decay process is dominated by the {nu}f{sub 5/2} {yields} {pi}f{sub 7/2} Gamow-Teller transition. Moreover, we demonstrated that the {nu}g{sub 9/2} hinders this process in the studied nuclei, and influences their structure, by implying the existence of isomers. Our results show that N=34 is not a magic number in the titanium chain and the superior ones. (author)
Optimal resource states for local state discrimination
Bandyopadhyay, Somshubhro; Halder, Saronath; Nathanson, Michael
2018-02-01
We study the problem of locally distinguishing pure quantum states using shared entanglement as a resource. For a given set of locally indistinguishable states, we define a resource state to be useful if it can enhance local distinguishability and optimal if it can distinguish the states as well as global measurements and is also minimal with respect to a partial ordering defined by entanglement and dimension. We present examples of useful resources and show that an entangled state need not be useful for distinguishing a given set of states. We obtain optimal resources with explicit local protocols to distinguish multipartite Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger and graph states and also show that a maximally entangled state is an optimal resource under one-way local operations and classical communication to distinguish any bipartite orthonormal basis which contains at least one entangled state of full Schmidt rank.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mailund, Thomas
The thesis describes the sweep-line method, a newly developed reduction method for alleviating the state explosion problem inherent in explicit-state state space exploration. The basic idea underlying the sweep-line method is, when calculating the state space, to recognise and delete states...... that are not reachable from the currently unprocessed states. Intuitively we drag a sweep-line through the state space with the invariant that all states behind the sweep-line have been processed and are unreachable from the states in front of the sweep-line. When calculating the state space of a system we iteratively...
Kwon, Dong Wook; Kim, Geo Jong; Won, Jong Min; Hong, Sung Chang
2017-11-01
The effects of physicochemical properties of Mn-Ti catalysts on O 3 conversion were examined. The catalysts were prepared by a wet impregnation method that gave manganese supported on various commercial sources of TiO 2 . The properties of the catalysts were studied using physicochemical techniques, including Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD), H 2 temperature-programmed reduction (H 2 -TPR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA). The O 3 decomposition tests of Mn-Ti catalysts with various manganese loadings revealed that the 10 wt% manganese catalyst exhibited optimal, excellent activity. The O 3 conversion and Mn valence state of the Mn-Ti catalysts were different, depending on the structure of the TiO 2 source. Increasing the O/Ti surface atomic ratio in TiO 2 increased the Mn 3+ ratio. The Mn 3+ ratio directly affected the O 3 decomposition activity of the Mn-Ti catalyst. When the Mn 3+ ratio was the largest, the catalyst showed the highest activity in O 3 decomposition. The valence state of Mn exposed to the surface was a critical factor in O 3 decomposition by Mn-Ti catalysts.
Bigdeli, Hadise; Moradi, Morteza; Hajati, Shaaker; Kiani, Mohammad Ali; Toth, Jozsef
2017-10-01
In this work, two different types of Co3O4 nano-crystals were synthesized by (i) conventional direct solid state thermolysis of cobalt terephthalate metal-organic framework (MOF-71) and (ii) new indirect solid state thermolysis of Co(OH)2 derived by alkaline aqueous treatment of MOF-71. The products were then characterized by X-ray diffraction technique (XRD), Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Reflection electron energy loss spectroscopy (REELS), Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller (BET), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) techniques. By REELS analysis the energy band gap of MOF-71 was determined to be 3.7 eV. Further, electrochemical performance of each Co3O4 nanostructure was studied by the cyclic voltammetry (CV), galvanostatic charge-discharge (GCD), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in a three-electrode system in KOH electrolyte. An asymmetric supercapacitor was fabricated using indirect Co3O4 nanoparticles as cathode and electrochemically reduced graphene oxide as anode, and the electrochemical properties were studied and showed a high energy density of 13.51 Wh kg-1 along with a power density of 9775 W kg-1 and good cycling stability with capacitance retention rate of 85% after 2000 cycles.
Visible absorption and magnetic-rotation spectroscopy of 1CH2: The analysis of the b˜ 1B1 state
Petek, Hrvoje; Nesbitt, David J.; Darwin, David C.; Moore, C. Bradley
1987-02-01
The b˜1B1←ã 1A1 spectrum of CH2 radical has been recorded with Doppler-limited resolution in the 15 600-18 650 cm-1 wavelength region by laser flash-kinetic absorption spectroscopy. Singlet methylene is produced by photolysis of ketene at 308 nm. Assignments for 477 transitions originating from 1A1(0,0,0) and (0,1,0) levels with J≤8 and Ka≤5 are reported from some 10 000 lines observed. Term values are given for these 1A1 levels and 1B1(0,v2,0) levels with 13≤v2≤17. Magnetic-rotation signals were observed for 60% of the 424 lines studied. This anomalous Zeeman effect is explained by singlet-triplet mixing in both ã and b˜ states. Extensive singlet-triplet mixing occurs for 1B1 levels with Ka≠0; this mixing is allowed in second order by Renner-Teller coupling of b˜ 1B1 with ã 1A1 and by spin-orbit coupling via ã 1A1 to X˜ 3B1. The consequent shifts prevent determination of accurate rovibrational structural parameters for the 1B1 state.
United States Department of State Strategic Plan
1998-01-01
directs State’s public affairs strategy. (EB, Regional Bureaus, H, PA) • Conclude further "Open Skies" Civil Aviation agreements. Lead Agencies...State and Transportation. State heads interagency teams negotiating "Open Skies" and other civil aviation agreements. (EB, L, Regional Bureaus...Agency: State. CA, in coordination with A/ FBO , FS1 and overseas Missions, is developing new techniques to streamline consular workload and visa issuance
State of the States in Developmental Disabilities
Braddock, David; Hemp, Richard; Rizzolo, Mary Kay
2008-01-01
This is the latest edition of the "State of the States in Developmental Disabilities" study--a thorough and the only one of its kind investigation on public spending, revenues, and programmatic trends of intellectual and developmental programs and services within the United States since 1977. Directed by leading researcher, Dr. David…
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — This data set is a collection of ArcView shapefiles (by park) of trails within statutory boundaries of individual MN State Parks, State Recreation Areas and State...
State Park Statutory Boundaries
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — Legislative statutory boundaries for sixty six state parks, six state recreation areas, and eight state waysides. These data are derived principally from DNR's...
Far infrared spectroscopy of solids. I. Impurity states in Al2O3. II. Electron-hole droplets in Ge
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aurbauch, R.L.
1975-01-01
Far infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy was used to study the low lying vibronic states of Mn 3+ in Al 2 O 3 and the plasma absorption of electron-hole droplets in Ge. The transmission of Mn-doped samples of Al 2 O 3 was measured in the frequency range from 3 to 30 cm -1 in applied magnetic fields up to 50 kG. Absorption lines were observed due to both ground and excited state transitions. Polarization measurements established that these absorption lines were due to electric dipole transitions. Temperature dependence measurements were used to derive a level diagram for the low lying states of Mn 3+ . A phenomenological model based on an electronic Hamiltonian was developed which successfully describes the data. The empirically determined trigonal field and spin-orbit quenching parameters of this model are 0.7 and 0.1 respectively. This quenching is attributed to the dynamic Jahn--Teller interaction. The plasma absorption of small (α) electron-hole drops in Ge was measured in the frequency range from 30 to 300 cm -1 . The observed absorption is in good agreement with measurements by Vavilov and other workers. A theoretical model which includes both intraband and interband contributions to the dielectric constant in the Rayleigh limit of Mie theory is used to describe the observed lineshape. Measurements of plasma absorption of large (γ) drops in inhomogeneously stressed Ge were made in magnetic fields up to 50 kG. The lineshape at zero applied field was calculated in the large sphere limit of Mie theory including intraband terms and a zero-strain interband term. Qualitative agreement with experiment was obtained. The peak absorption shifted quadratically with applied magnetic field and the total plasma absorption increased. No oscillatory structure was observed in the field-dependence of the total absorption
Minimally conscious state or cortically mediated state?
Naccache, Lionel
2018-04-01
Durable impairments of consciousness are currently classified in three main neurological categories: comatose state, vegetative state (also recently coined unresponsive wakefulness syndrome) and minimally conscious state. While the introduction of minimally conscious state, in 2002, was a major progress to help clinicians recognize complex non-reflexive behaviours in the absence of functional communication, it raises several problems. The most important issue related to minimally conscious state lies in its criteria: while behavioural definition of minimally conscious state lacks any direct evidence of patient's conscious content or conscious state, it includes the adjective 'conscious'. I discuss this major problem in this review and propose a novel interpretation of minimally conscious state: its criteria do not inform us about the potential residual consciousness of patients, but they do inform us with certainty about the presence of a cortically mediated state. Based on this constructive criticism review, I suggest three proposals aiming at improving the way we describe the subjective and cognitive state of non-communicating patients. In particular, I present a tentative new classification of impairments of consciousness that combines behavioural evidence with functional brain imaging data, in order to probe directly and univocally residual conscious processes.
State nuclear initiatives in the United States
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Strauss, P.L.; Stoiber, C.R.
1977-01-01
The paper deals with State nuclear initiatives regarding the role of nuclear power in the energy future of the United States. The question of whether and under what circumstances nuclear facilities should be used to generate electricity was put to the popular vote in several States in 1976. Some general principles of Federal-State relations are discussed with specific reference to nuclear regulations. The initiative mechanism itself is described as well as its legal form and background. The parallel developments in the State and Federal legislative consideration of nuclear issues is reviewed and the suggested reasons for the defeat of the proposals in the seven States concerned are discussed. Finally, the author draws some conclusions on the effects of the 1976 initiatives on future decision-making in the US on energy policy in general and nuclear power in particular. (NEA) [fr
Palmer, Michael H.; Camp, Philip J.; Hoffmann, Søren Vrønning; Jones, Nykola C.; Head, Ashley R.; Lichtenberger, Dennis L.
2012-03-01
The first vacuum ultraviolet absorption spectrum of a 1,2,4-triazole has been obtained and analyzed in detail, with assistance from both an enhanced UV photoelectron spectroscopic study and ab initio multi-reference multi-root configuration interaction procedures. For both 1H- and 1-methyl-1,2,4-triazoles, the first ionization energy bands show complex vibrational structure on the low-energy edges of otherwise unstructured bands. Detailed analysis of these bands confirms the presence of three ionized states. The 6-7 eV VUV spectral region shows an unusual absorption plateau, which is interpreted in terms of the near degeneracy of the first two ionization energies, leading to a pseudo Jahn-Teller effect. The "fingerprint" of the ionization spectrum yields band origins for several Rydberg states. The configuration interaction study shows that although the equilibrium structure for the first cation is effectively planar, the second cation shows significant twisting of the ring system. Some calculated singlet electronic states also show skeletal twisting in which the ring C-H is substantially out of plane.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Inoue, J.; Ohtaka, K.
2004-01-01
We study virtual bound states in photonics, which are a vectorial extension of electron virtual bound states. The condition for these states is derived. It is found that the Mie resonant state which satisfies the condition that the size parameter is less than the angular momentum should be interpreted as a photon virtual bound state. In order to confirm the validity of the concept, we compare the photonic density of states, the width of which represents the lifetime of the photon virtual bound states, with numerical results
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Roa, Luis; Retamal, Juan Carlos; Saavedra, Carlos
2002-01-01
A proposal for a physical implementation of a quantum-state discrimination protocol using an ion in a linear trap is studied, where two nonorthogonal quantum states are codified using two electronic states of the ion. In addition, a protocol is given for discriminating superpositions of nonorthogonal entangled states between ions inside widely separated optical cavities. The discrimination protocol is extended to the case of N linearly independent nonorthogonal quantum states lying in a space of 2N-1 dimensions
Cristol, Y
2013-01-01
Solid State Video Cameras reviews the state of the art in the field of solid-state television cameras as compiled from patent literature. Organized into 10 chapters, the book begins with the basic array types of solid-state imagers and appropriate read-out circuits and methods. Documents relating to improvement of picture quality, such as spurious signal suppression, uniformity correction, or resolution enhancement, are also cited. The last part considerssolid-state color cameras.
... Press Releases Web Banners Social Media What's the State of Your Air ? Home > 2015 > States States State ... Report Report Card: What's the Grade for Your State? Search by Zip Code: Search by State: Or ...
Product-State Approximations to Quantum States
Brandão, Fernando G. S. L.; Harrow, Aram W.
2016-02-01
We show that for any many-body quantum state there exists an unentangled quantum state such that most of the two-body reduced density matrices are close to those of the original state. This is a statement about the monogamy of entanglement, which cannot be shared without limit in the same way as classical correlation. Our main application is to Hamiltonians that are sums of two-body terms. For such Hamiltonians we show that there exist product states with energy that is close to the ground-state energy whenever the interaction graph of the Hamiltonian has high degree. This proves the validity of mean-field theory and gives an explicitly bounded approximation error. If we allow states that are entangled within small clusters of systems but product across clusters then good approximations exist when the Hamiltonian satisfies one or more of the following properties: (1) high degree, (2) small expansion, or (3) a ground state where the blocks in the partition have sublinear entanglement. Previously this was known only in the case of small expansion or in the regime where the entanglement was close to zero. Our approximations allow an extensive error in energy, which is the scale considered by the quantum PCP (probabilistically checkable proof) and NLTS (no low-energy trivial-state) conjectures. Thus our results put restrictions on the possible Hamiltonians that could be used for a possible proof of the qPCP or NLTS conjectures. By contrast the classical PCP constructions are often based on constraint graphs with high degree. Likewise we show that the parallel repetition that is possible with classical constraint satisfaction problems cannot also be possible for quantum Hamiltonians, unless qPCP is false. The main technical tool behind our results is a collection of new classical and quantum de Finetti theorems which do not make any symmetry assumptions on the underlying states.
Lim, Edward C
1982-01-01
Excited States, Volume 6 is a collection of papers that discusses the excited states of molecules. The first paper discusses the linear polyene electronic structure and potential surfaces, considering both the theoretical and experimental approaches in such electronic states. This paper also reviews the theory of electronic structure and cites some experimental techniques on polyene excitations, polyene spectroscopic phenomenology, and those involving higher states of polyenes and their triplet states. Examples of these experimental studies of excited states involve the high-resolution one-pho
Quantifying matrix product state
Bhatia, Amandeep Singh; Kumar, Ajay
2018-03-01
Motivated by the concept of quantum finite-state machines, we have investigated their relation with matrix product state of quantum spin systems. Matrix product states play a crucial role in the context of quantum information processing and are considered as a valuable asset for quantum information and communication purpose. It is an effective way to represent states of entangled systems. In this paper, we have designed quantum finite-state machines of one-dimensional matrix product state representations for quantum spin systems.
Drug Poisoning Mortality by State: United States
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This dataset describes drug poisoning deaths at the U.S. and state level by selected demographic characteristics, and includes age-adjusted death rates for drug...
Complications and Deaths - State
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Complications and deaths - state data. This data set includes state-level data for the hip/knee complication measure, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...
State Program Integrity Reviews
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — State program integrity reviews play a critical role in how CMS provides effective support and assistance to states in their efforts to combat provider fraud and...
State transportation statistics 2009
2009-01-01
The Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), a part of DOTs Research and Innovative Technology Administration (RITA), presents State Transportation Statistics 2009, a statistical profile of transportation in the 50 states and the District of Col...
California Natural Resource Agency — State Water Project District boundaries are areas where state contracts provide water to the district in California. This database is designed as a regions polygon...
Unplanned Hospital Visits - State
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Unplanned Hospital Visits â state data. This data set includes state-level data for the hospital return days (or excess days in acute care) measures, the unplanned...
California Department of Resources — State Water Project District boundaries are areas where state contracts provide water to the district in California. This database is designed as a regions polygon...
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Payment for heart attack patients measure – state data. This data set includes state-level data for payments associated with a 30-day episode of care for heart...
C. Spechler, Martin; Ahrens, Joachim; Hoen, Herman W.
2017-01-01
The book specifies the type of economic system that has arisen in Central Asian. It presents three types of state-capitalism established in the former Soviet Union states in Eurasia - crony, dual sector, and predatory capitalism.
United States Pharmacopeial Convention
... crisis. Learn More Containing drug costs in the United States The FDA is currently exploring a variety of ... Notices Privacy Policy Terms of Use Sitemap © The United States Pharmacopeial Convention ×
Kansas Data Access and Support Center — This dataset is a single centerline highway network representation of the 10,000 miles Kansas State Highway System (Interstate, U.S., and Kansas routes). The state...
7 CFR 1220.615 - State and United States.
2010-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false State and United States. 1220.615 Section 1220.615... CONSUMER INFORMATION Procedures To Request a Referendum Definitions § 1220.615 State and United States. State and United States include the 50 States of the United States of America, the District of Columbia...
7 CFR 1220.129 - State and United States.
2010-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false State and United States. 1220.129 Section 1220.129... CONSUMER INFORMATION Soybean Promotion and Research Order Definitions § 1220.129 State and United States. The terms State and United States include the 50 States of the United States of America, the District...
7 CFR 1209.21 - State and United States.
2010-01-01
... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false State and United States. 1209.21 Section 1209.21... Definitions § 1209.21 State and United States. (a) State means any of the several States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. (b) United States means collectively the several States of...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2014-11-02
Nov 2, 2014 ... Hoyle state also, there is discrepancy between various model predictions [18]; whereas. FMD predicts a compact triangle shape and LEFT predicts a bent arm chain structure,. BEC model predicts the Hoyle state to be spherically symmetric. Moreover, the r.m.s. radii of the Hoyle state, predicted by the above ...
Solid state radiation dosimetry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Moran, P.R.
1976-01-01
Important recent developments provide accurate, sensitive, and reliable radiation measurements by using solid state radiation dosimetry methods. A review of the basic phenomena, devices, practical limitations, and categories of solid state methods is presented. The primary focus is upon the general physics underlying radiation measurements with solid state devices
Zheng, Ming; Dismukes, G. Charles
1996-05-22
state is caused by change in the intermanganese exchange coupling, without appreciable change in the intrinsic hyperfine tensors. The lack of good simulations of the Ca(2+)-depleted MLS suggests that Ca(2+)-depletion changes both Mn ligation and intermanganese exchange coupling. The 3Mn(IV)-1Mn(III) oxidation model is disfavored because only approximate simulations could be found for the native MLS and no agreement with the NH(3)-bound MLS was obtained. The scalar part of the hyperfine tensors for both Mn(III) and Mn(IV) ions were found to approximate (+/-5%) the values for the dimanganese(III,IV) catalase enzyme, suggesting similar overall ligand types. However, the large (30%) anisotropic part of the Mn(III) hyperfine interaction is opposite in sign to that found in all tetragonally extended six-coordinate Mn(III) ions (i.e., the usual Jahn-Teller splitting). The distribution of spin density from the high-spin d(4) electron configuration of each Mn(III) ion corresponds to a flattened (oblate) ellipsoid. This electronic distribution is favored in five-coordinate ligand fields having trigonally compressed bipyramidal geometry, but it could also arise, in principle, in strained six-coordinate ligand fields having tetragonally compressed geometry, i.e. [Mn(2)(&mgr;-O)](4+) (reverse Jahn-Teller distortion). The resulting valence electronic configurations are described as e'(2)e"(2) and (d(pi))(3)(d(x)()()2(-)(y)()()2)(1), respectively, in contrast to the (d(pi))(3)(d(z)()()2)(1) configuration common to unstrained six-coordinate tetragonally-extended Mn(III) ions, such as found in the [Mn(2)(&mgr;-O)(2)](3+) core in several synthetic dimers and catalase. Both of the former geometries predict strongly oxidizing Mn(III) ions, thereby suggesting a structural basis for the oxidative reactivity of the Mn(4) cluster in the WOC. The magnetic model needed to explain the MLS is not readily reconciled with the simplest structural and electronic models deduced from EXAFS studies of
Matrix product state description of Halperin states
Crépel, V.; Estienne, B.; Bernevig, B. A.; Lecheminant, P.; Regnault, N.
2018-04-01
Many fractional quantum Hall states can be expressed as a correlator of a given conformal field theory used to describe their edge physics. As a consequence, these states admit an economical representation as an exact matrix product state (MPS) that was extensively studied for the systems without any spin or any other internal degrees of freedom. In that case, the correlators are built from a single electronic operator, which is primary with respect to the underlying conformal field theory. We generalize this construction to the archetype of Abelian multicomponent fractional quantum Hall wave functions, the Halperin states. These can be written as conformal blocks involving multiple electronic operators and we explicitly derive their exact MPS representation. In particular, we deal with the caveat of the full wave-function symmetry and show that any additional SU(2) symmetry is preserved by the natural MPS truncation scheme provided by the conformal dimension. We use our method to characterize the topological order of the Halperin states by extracting the topological entanglement entropy. We also evaluate their bulk correlation lengths, which are compared to plasma analogy arguments.
Remote state preparation through hyperentangled atomic states
Nawaz, Mehwish; ul-Islam, Rameez-; Ikram, Manzoor
2018-04-01
Hyperentangled states have enhanced channel capacity in quantum processing and have yielded` evident increased communication speed in quantum informatics as a consequence of excessively high information content coded over each quantum entity. In the present article, we intend to demonstrate this fact by utilizing atomic states simultaneously entangled both in internal as well as external degrees of freedom, i.e. the de Broglie motion for remote state preparation (RSP). The results clearly demonstrate that we can efficiently communicate two bit information while manipulating only a single quantum subsystem. The states are prepared and manipulated using atomic Bragg diffraction as well as Ramsey interferometry, both of which are now considered as standard, state of the art tools based on cavity quantum electrodynamics. Since atomic Bragg diffraction is a large interaction time regime and produces spatially well separated, decoherence resistant outputs, the schematics presented here for the RSP offer important perspectives on efficient detection as well as unambiguous information coding and readout. The article summarizes the experimental feasibility of the proposal, culminating with a brief discussion.
Furusawa, Akira
2015-01-01
This book explains what quantum states of light look like. Of special interest, a single photon state is explained by using a wave picture, showing that it corresponds to the complementarity of a quantum. Also explained is how light waves are created by photons, again corresponding to the complementarity of a quantum. The author shows how an optical wave is created by superposition of a "vacuum" and a single photon as a typical example. Moreover, squeezed states of light are explained as "longitudinal" waves of light and Schrödinger's cat states as macroscopic superposition states.
Generalized hypergeometric coherent states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Appl, Thomas; Schiller, Diethard H
2004-01-01
We introduce a large class of holomorphic quantum states by choosing their normalization functions to be given by generalized hypergeometric functions. We call them generalized hypergeometric states in general, and generalized hypergeometric coherent states in particular, if they allow a resolution of unity. Depending on the domain of convergence of the generalized hypergeometric functions, we distinguish generalized hypergeometric states on the plane, the open unit disc and the unit circle. All states are eigenstates of suitably defined lowering operators. We then study their photon number statistics and phase properties as revealed by the Husimi and Pegg-Barnett phase distributions. On the basis of the generalized hypergeometric coherent states we introduce new analytic representations of arbitrary quantum states in Bargmann and Hardy spaces as well as generalized hypergeometric Husimi distributions and corresponding phase distributions
Qutrit magic state distillation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Anwar, Hussain; Browne, Dan E; Campbell, Earl T
2012-01-01
Magic state distillation (MSD) is a purification protocol that plays an important role in fault-tolerant quantum computation. Repeated iteration of the steps of an MSD protocol generates pure single non-stabilizer states, or magic states, from multiple copies of a mixed resource state using stabilizer operations only. Thus mixed resource states promote the stabilizer operations to full universality. MSD was introduced for qubit-based quantum computation, but little has been known concerning MSD in higher-dimensional qudit-based computation. Here, we describe a general approach for studying MSD in higher dimensions. We use it to investigate the features of a qutrit MSD protocol based on the five-qutrit stabilizer code. We show that this protocol distils non-stabilizer magic states, and identify two types of states that are attractors of this iteration map. Finally, we show how these states may be converted, via stabilizer circuits alone, into a state suitable for state-injected implementation of a non-Clifford phase gate, enabling non-Clifford unitary computation. (paper)
State Technologies Advancement Collaborative
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
David S. Terry
2012-01-30
The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), National Association of State Energy Officials (NASEO), and Association of State Energy Research and Technology Transfer Institutions (ASERTTI) signed an intergovernmental agreement on November 14, 2002, that allowed states and territories and the Federal Government to better collaborate on energy research, development, demonstration and deployment (RDD&D) projects. The agreement established the State Technologies Advancement Collaborative (STAC) which allowed the states and DOE to move RDD&D forward using an innovative competitive project selection and funding process. A cooperative agreement between DOE and NASEO served as the contracting instrument for this innovative federal-state partnership obligating funds from DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Office of Fossil Energy to plan, fund, and implement RDD&D projects that were consistent with the common priorities of the states and DOE. DOE's Golden Field Office provided Federal oversight and guidance for the STAC cooperative agreement. The STAC program was built on the foundation of prior Federal-State efforts to collaborate on and engage in joint planning for RDD&D. Although STAC builds on existing, successful programs, it is important to note that it was not intended to replace other successful joint DOE/State initiatives such as the State Energy Program or EERE Special Projects. Overall the STAC process was used to fund, through three competitive solicitations, 35 successful multi-state research, development, deployment, and demonstration projects with an overall average non-federal cost share of 43%. Twenty-two states were awarded at least one prime contract, and organizations in all 50 states and some territories were involved as subcontractors in at least one STAC project. Projects were funded in seven program areas: (1) Building Technologies, (2) Industrial Technologies, (3) Transportation Technologies, (4) Distributed Energy
Quantum State Engineering Via Coherent-State Superpositions
Janszky, Jozsef; Adam, P.; Szabo, S.; Domokos, P.
1996-01-01
The quantum interference between the two parts of the optical Schrodinger-cat state makes possible to construct a wide class of quantum states via discrete superpositions of coherent states. Even a small number of coherent states can approximate the given quantum states at a high accuracy when the distance between the coherent states is optimized, e. g. nearly perfect Fock state can be constructed by discrete superpositions of n + 1 coherent states lying in the vicinity of the vacuum state.
Guevara, Ivonne; Wiseman, Howard
2015-10-30
Smoothing is an estimation method whereby a classical state (probability distribution for classical variables) at a given time is conditioned on all-time (both earlier and later) observations. Here we define a smoothed quantum state for a partially monitored open quantum system, conditioned on an all-time monitoring-derived record. We calculate the smoothed distribution for a hypothetical unobserved record which, when added to the real record, would complete the monitoring, yielding a pure-state "quantum trajectory." Averaging the pure state over this smoothed distribution yields the (mixed) smoothed quantum state. We study how the choice of actual unraveling affects the purity increase over that of the conventional (filtered) state conditioned only on the past record.
Shaffer, K.R.
2006-01-01
In 2005, the Indiana industrial minerals industry generated $789 million, a record high for the state and an increase of 2.2% from 2004. Among all states, Indiana ranked 24th. Mineral commodities produced in the state included crushed limestone and dolomite, construction sand and gravel, industrial sand, dimension limestone, dimension sandstone, gypsum, common clay and shale, freshwater pearls, peat, lime, and masonry and portland cement.
Muonium states in semiconductors
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Patterson, B.D.
1987-01-01
There is a brief summary of what is known about the muonium states isotropic, anisotropic and diamagnetic in diamond and zincblende semiconductors. The report deals with muonium spectroscopy, including the formation probabilities, hyperfine parameters and electronic g-factors of the states. The dynamics of the states is treated including a discussion of the transition from isotropic Mu to anisotropic Mu in diamond, temperature-dependent linewidthes in silicon and germanium and effects of daping and radiation damage
Burns, Gerald
2013-01-01
Solid State Physics, International Edition covers the fundamentals and the advanced concepts of solid state physics. The book is comprised of 18 chapters that tackle a specific aspect of solid state physics. Chapters 1 to 3 discuss the symmetry aspects of crystalline solids, while Chapter 4 covers the application of X-rays in solid state science. Chapter 5 deals with the anisotropic character of crystals. Chapters 6 to 8 talk about the five common types of bonding in solids, while Chapters 9 and 10 cover the free electron theory and band theory. Chapters 11 and 12 discuss the effects of moveme
Theoretical solid state physics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Anon.
1977-01-01
Research activities at ORNL in theoretical solid state physics are described. Topics covered include: surface studies; particle-solid interactions; electronic and magnetic properties; and lattice dynamics
Lim, Edward C
2013-01-01
Excited States, Volume 2 is a collection of papers that deals with molecules in the excited states. The book describes the geometries of molecules in the excited electronic states. One paper describes the geometries of a diatomic molecule and of polyatomic molecules; it also discusses the determination of the many excited state geometries of molecules with two, three, or four atoms by techniques similar to diatomic spectroscopy. Another paper introduces an ordered theory related to excitons in pure and mixed molecular crystals. This paper also presents some experimental data such as those invo
Supersymmetric Displaced Number States
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fredy R. Zypman
2015-06-01
Full Text Available We introduce, generate and study a family of supersymmetric displaced number states (SDNS that can be considered generalized coherent states of the supersymmetric harmonic oscillator. The family is created from the seminal supersymmetric boson-fermion entangling annihilation operator introduced by Aragone and Zypman and later expanded by Kornbluth and Zypman. Using the momentum representation, the states are obtained analytically in compact form as displaced supersymmetric number states. We study their position-momentum uncertainties, and their bunchiness by classifying them according to their Mandel Q-parameter in phase space. We were also able to find closed form analytical representations in the space and number basis.
The Scandinavian Welfare States
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Siim, Birte
1987-01-01
The paper studies the debate about the Scandinavian welfare states from a feminist persepctive, forcusing on the differences between a feminist perspective and the dominant liberal and critical marxist understanding of the welfare state. In particular it focuses on the argument that the Scandinav...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
DATONYE ALASIA
Monitoring the Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Week — Ordinioha B. ... month . Rivers State has 23 Local Government councils that have an average annual budget that. 5 often exceeds one billion Naira . A substantial part of the State and Local Governments annual .... The nutritional status of 210, 300 children aged.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Green, P.H.; Watson, D.M.
1989-08-01
This report contains brief discussions on work done in the Solid State Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The topics covered are: Theoretical Solid State Physics; Neutron scattering; Physical properties of materials; The synthesis and characterization of materials; Ion beam and laser processing; and Structure of solids and surfaces
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Green, P.H.; Watson, D.M. (eds.)
1989-08-01
This report contains brief discussions on work done in the Solid State Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The topics covered are: Theoretical Solid State Physics; Neutron scattering; Physical properties of materials; The synthesis and characterization of materials; Ion beam and laser processing; and Structure of solids and surfaces. (LSP)
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dahl, Hanne Marlene; Kantola, Johanna
2005-01-01
The article argues from a Nordic, feminist and post-structuralist position that feminism state theories need to be developed methodologically.......The article argues from a Nordic, feminist and post-structuralist position that feminism state theories need to be developed methodologically....
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Larsen, Jørgen Elm; Bengtsson, Tea Torbenfeldt; Frederiksen, Morten
The Danish Welfare State analyzes a broad range of areas, such as globalization, labor marked, family life, health and social exclusion, the book demonstrates that life in a modern welfare state is changing rapidly, creating both challenges and possibilities for future management....
Globalization and State Soverignty
2003-04-07
computer technology have given new impetus to economy. Globalized capital is reorganizing business firms and undermining national politics. Globalization ...5 STATE VS NON-STATE ORGANIZATIONS IN GLOBALIZATION PROCESS................. 7 INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT...communications, transportation, and computer technology have given new impetus to globalizers . Around the world, globalizing capital is reorganizing
Bruinessen, M.M. van
2002-01-01
At most times, Kurdish society has existed at the periphery of, and functioned as a buffer between, two or more neighbouring states. From c. 1500 until the First World War, the relevant states were the Ottoman Empire in the west and Safavid, later Qajar Iran in the east (with Russia and the
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Anon.
1992-01-01
The political upheaval in what was the Soviet Union was reflected in an Extraordinary Plenipotentiaries Committee of Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) Member States, held in Dubna, near Moscow, on 10-13 December, with representatives of eleven sovereign republics of the former Soviet State taking part
New York State Education Dept., Albany. Office of the Professions.
A reference guide to laws, rules, and regulations that govern the chiropractic practice in New York State is presented. After an overview of professional regulation in the state, licensing requirements/procedures for chiropractors are described. Provisions of Title VIII, Articles 130 and 132, of the Education Law are also covered, along with…
Dai, Xianming; Stogin, Birgitt Boschitsch; Yang, Shikuan; Wong, Tak-Sing
2015-09-22
Enhancing the mobility of liquid droplets on rough surfaces is of great interest in industry, with applications ranging from condensation heat transfer to water harvesting to the prevention of icing and frosting. The mobility of a liquid droplet on a rough solid surface has long been associated with its wetting state. When liquid drops are sitting on the top of the solid textures and air is trapped underneath, they are in the Cassie state. When the drops impregnate the solid textures, they are in the Wenzel state. While the Cassie state has long been associated with high droplet mobility and the Wenzel state with droplet pinning, our work challenges this existing convention by showing that both Cassie and Wenzel state droplets can be highly mobile on nanotexture-enabled slippery rough surfaces. Our surfaces were developed by engineering hierachical nano- and microscale textures and infusing liquid lubricant into the nanotextures alone to create a highly slippery rough surface. We have shown that droplet mobility can be maintained even after the Cassie-to-Wenzel transition. Moreover, the discovery of the slippery Wenzel state allows us to assess the fundamental limits of the classical and recent Wenzel models at the highest experimental precision to date, which could not be achieved by any other conventional rough surface. Our results show that the classical Wenzel eq (1936) cannot predict the wetting behaviors of highly wetting liquids in the Wenzel state.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dosenrode, Søren
2003-01-01
The article argues that the EU today shares so many common features with a 'state' that it is best analyzed as such.......The article argues that the EU today shares so many common features with a 'state' that it is best analyzed as such....
State alternative route designations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
1989-07-01
Pursuant to the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA), the Department of Transportation (DOT) has promulgated a comprehensive set of regulations regarding the highway transportation of high-level radioactive materials. These regulations, under HM-164 and HM-164A, establish interstate highways as the preferred routes for the transportation of radioactive materials within and through the states. The regulations also provide a methodology by which a state may select alternative routes. First,the state must establish a ''state routing agency,'' defined as an entity authorized to use the state legal process to impose routing requirements on carriers of radioactive material (49 CFR 171.8). Once identified, the state routing agency must select routes in accordance with Large Quantity Shipments of Radioactive Materials or an equivalent routing analysis. Adjoining states and localities should be consulted on the impact of proposed alternative routes as a prerequisite of final route selection. Lastly, the states must provide written notice of DOT of any alternative route designation before the routes are deemed effective
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Christoph Wagner
2014-08-01
Full Text Available Formal reasoning about distributed algorithms (like Consensus typically requires to analyze global states in a traditional state-based style. This is in contrast to the traditional action-based reasoning of process calculi. Nevertheless, we use domain-specific variants of the latter, as they are convenient modeling languages in which the local code of processes can be programmed explicitly, with the local state information usually managed via parameter lists of process constants. However, domain-specific process calculi are often equipped with (unlabeled reduction semantics, building upon a rich and convenient notion of structural congruence. Unfortunately, the price for this convenience is that the analysis is cumbersome: the set of reachable states is modulo structural congruence, and the processes' state information is very hard to identify. We extract from congruence classes of reachable states individual state-informative representatives that we supply with a proper formal semantics. As a result, we can now freely switch between the process calculus terms and their representatives, and we can use the stateful representatives to perform assertional reasoning on process calculus models.
Dissociative State and Competence
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Yu-Ju Lin
2007-10-01
Full Text Available This report presents the results of forensic evaluation of the civil competence of a case of alleged dissociative identity disorder (DID and discusses whether such dissociative states substantially jeopardize civil competence. A 40-year-old woman claimed that she had had many personalities since her college days. From the age of 37 to 40, she shopped excessively, which left her with millions of dollars of debt. She ascribed her shopping to a certain identity state, over which she had no control. (In this article, we use the term identity state to replace personality as an objective description of a mental state. She thus raised the petition of civil incompetence. During the forensic evaluation, it was found that the identity states were relatively stable and mutually aware of each other. The switch into another identity state was sometimes under voluntary control. The subject showed consistency and continuity in behavioral patterns across the different identity states, and no matter which identity state she was in, there was no evidence of impairment in her factual knowledge of social situations and her capacity for managing personal affairs. We hence concluded that she was civilly competent despite the claimed DID. Considering that the existence and diagnosis of DID are still under dispute and a diagnosis of DID alone is not sufficient to interdict a person's civil right, important clinical and forensic issues remain to be answered.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Obinger, Herbert; Starke, Peter
2014-01-01
This paper describes welfare state transformation in OECD countries since the 1970s against the background of the post-war settlement. Relying on quantitative macro-data and qualitative information from the literature, we show that welfare states have con-verged, especially regarding various...... spending measures, and also to a certain extent in some qualitative policy-making patterns. What has emerged can best be described as the ‘supply-side welfare state’ model, and this overall orientation is reflected in many wel-fare state areas. We differ from earlier prognoses of a race to the bottom...... by generous welfare states and disagree with the view that a supply-side orientation equals ‘lean government’ in terms of social expenditure. But convergence implies that the space to maneuver has shrunk for policy-makers. The consequences of the 2008 financial crisis for welfare states are difficult...
Giant first-forbidden resonances
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Krmpotic, F.; Nakayama, K.; Sao Paulo Univ.; Pio Galeao, A.; Sao Paulo Univ.
1983-01-01
Recent experimental data on first-forbidden charge-exchange resonances are discussed in the framework of a schematic model. We also evaluate the screening of the weak coupling constants induced by both the giant resonances and the δ-isobar. It is shown that the last effect does not depend on the multipolarity of the one-particle moment. Due to the same reason, the fraction of the reaction strength pushed up into the δ-resonance region is always the same regardless of the quantum numbers carried by the excitation. Simple expressions are derived for the dependence of the excitation energies of the first-forbidden giant resonances on the mass number and isospin of the target. The model reproduces consistently both the Gamow-Teller and the first-forbidden resonances. (orig.)
Gogny interactions with tensor terms
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Anguiano, M.; Lallena, A.M.; Bernard, R.N. [Universidad de Granada, Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Granada (Spain); Co' , G. [INFN, Lecce (Italy); De Donno, V. [Universita del Salento, Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica ' ' E. De Giorgi' ' , Lecce (Italy); Grasso, M. [Universite Paris-Sud, Institut de Physique Nucleaire, IN2P3-CNRS, Orsay (France)
2016-07-15
We present a perturbative approach to include tensor terms in the Gogny interaction. We do not change the values of the usual parameterisations, with the only exception of the spin-orbit term, and we add tensor terms whose only free parameters are the strengths of the interactions. We identify observables sensitive to the presence of the tensor force in Hartree-Fock, Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov and random phase approximation calculations. We show the need of including two tensor contributions, at least: a pure tensor term and a tensor-isospin term. We show results relevant for the inclusion of the tensor term for single-particle energies, charge-conserving magnetic excitations and Gamow-Teller excitations. (orig.)
The gross theory model for neutrino-nucleus cross-section
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Samana, A R; Barbero, C A; Krmpotic, F; Duarte, S B; Dimarco, A J
2008-01-01
The nuclear gross theory, originally formulated by Takahashi and Yamada (1969 Prog. Theor. Phys. 41 1470) for the β-decay, is applied to the electronic-neutrino nucleus reactions, employing a more realistic description of the energetics of the Gamow-Teller resonances. The model parameters are gauged from the most recent experimental data, both for β - -decay and electron capture, separately for even-even, even-odd, odd-odd and odd-even nuclei. The numerical estimates for neutrino-nucleus cross-sections agree fairly well with previous evaluations done within the framework of microscopic models. The formalism presented here can be extended to the heavy nuclei mass region, where weak processes are quite relevant, which is of astrophysical interest because of its applications in supernova explosive nucleosynthesis
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Colò Gianluca
2016-01-01
Full Text Available In this contribution, we shall describe a formalism that goes beyond the simple time-dependent mean field and is based on particle-vibration coupling (PVC. Such a formalism has been developed with the idea of being self-consistent. It makes use of Skyrme effective forces, and has been used for several applications. We will focus on charge-exchange transitions, namely we will show that our model describes well both the Gamow-Teller giant resonance width, and the low-lying transitions associated with β-decay. In this latter case, including PVC produces a significant improvement of the half-lives obtained at mean-field level, and leads to a good agreement with experimental data. We will end by discussing particle-phonon multiplets in odd nuclei.
Studies of isovector excitations in nuclei by neutron-induced reactions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nilsson, L.
1987-01-01
In this paper isovector excitations in nuclei, in particular the giant isovector quadrupole resonance in spherical nuclei, will be discussed. Several methods to investigate this excitation have been used, e.g. inelastic electron scattering and charge-exchange reactions. An alternative method to study isovector E2 resonances in nuclei, based on the radiative capture of fast neutrons, will be presented. Results from such experiments performed at the tandem accelerator laboratories in Los Alamos and Uppsala will be presented and discussed in terms of the direct-semidirect capture model. As a separate issue, the preparations being undertaken at Uppsala for studies of isovector excitations in nuclei by means of the (n,p) reaction will be described. A schematic lay-out of the experiment will be presented together with some relevant neutron beam parameters. Among isovector excitations to be studied by this method are the isovector monopole resonance and the Gamow-Teller resonance. 54 references, 6 figures, 1 table
Neutrino nuclear responses for double beta decays and astro neutrinos by charge exchange reactions
Ejiri, Hiroyasu
2014-09-01
Neutrino nuclear responses are crucial for neutrino studies in nuclei. Charge exchange reactions (CER) are shown to be used to study charged current neutrino nuclear responses associated with double beta decays(DBD)and astro neutrino interactions. CERs to be used are high energy-resolution (He3 ,t) reactions at RCNP, photonuclear reactions via IAR at NewSUBARU and muon capture reactions at MUSIC RCNP and MLF J-PARC. The Gamow Teller (GT) strengths studied by CERs reproduce the observed 2 neutrino DBD matrix elements. The GT and spin dipole (SD) matrix elements are found to be reduced much due to the nucleon spin isospin correlations and the non-nucleonic (delta isobar) nuclear medium effects. Impacts of the reductions on the DBD matrix elements and astro neutrino interactions are discussed.
Electron capture rates in stars studied with heavy ion charge exchange reactions
Bertulani, C. A.
2018-01-01
Indirect methods using nucleus-nucleus reactions at high energies (here, high energies mean ~ 50 MeV/nucleon and higher) are now routinely used to extract information of interest for nuclear astrophysics. This is of extreme relevance as many of the nuclei involved in stellar evolution are short-lived. Therefore, indirect methods became the focus of recent studies carried out in major nuclear physics facilities. Among such methods, heavy ion charge exchange is thought to be a useful tool to infer Gamow-Teller matrix elements needed to describe electron capture rates in stars and also double beta-decay experiments. In this short review, I provide a theoretical guidance based on a simple reaction model for charge exchange reactions.
Quantum Monte Carlo calculations of weak transitions in A =6 -10 nuclei
Pastore, S.; Baroni, A.; Carlson, J.; Gandolfi, S.; Pieper, Steven C.; Schiavilla, R.; Wiringa, R. B.
2018-02-01
Ab initio calculations of the Gamow-Teller (GT) matrix elements in the β decays of 6He and 10C and electron captures in 7Be are carried out using both variational and Green's function Monte Carlo wave functions obtained from the Argonne v18 two-nucleon and Illinois-7 three-nucleon interactions, and axial many-body currents derived from either meson-exchange phenomenology or chiral effective field theory. The agreement with experimental data is excellent for the electron captures in 7Be, while theory overestimates the 6He and 10C data by ˜2 % and ˜10%, respectively. We show that for these systems correlations in the nuclear wave functions are crucial to explaining the data, while many-body currents increase by ˜2-3% the one-body GT contributions.
(p,n) reaction at intermediate energy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Goodman, C.D.
1979-01-01
The use of the (p,n) reaction in exploring effective interactions is reviewed. Some recent data on self-conjugate nuclei taken at the Indiana University Cyclotron Facility (IUCF) are presented, and the differences between low- and high-energy data are emphasized. Experimental problems and techniques used are briefly described. It is concluded that forward-angle (p,n) spectra at energies greater than 100 MeV are dominated by Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions, while Fermi transitions (IAS transitions) dominate near 45 MeV. Prominent GT transitions are expected from a pion-exchange interaction, and it is expected that OPEP is the dominant component of the interaction in the energy range of 100 to 200 MeV. 27 figures, 2 tables
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Liu Jingjing; Kang Xiaoping; He Zhong; Huang Huairen; Shi Huanyu; Huang Hongchao; Zhong Shan; Feng Hao; Li Changwei
2011-01-01
Gaussian modifications of the neutrino energy loss (NEL) by electron capture on the strongly screening nuclides 55 Co and 56 Ni are investigated. The results show that in strong electron screening (SES), the NEL rates decrease without modifying the Gamow-Teller (G-T) resonance transition. For instance, the NEL rates of 55 Co and 56 Ni decrease more than two and three orders of magnitude for ρ 7 =5.86, T 9 ≤ 5, Y e =0.47, Δ=6.3, respectively. In contrast, due to Gaussian modification, the NEL rates increase about two orders of magnitude in SES. Due to SES, the maximum values of the C-factor (in %) on NEL of 55 Co, 56 Ni are of the order of 99.80%, 99.56% at ρ 7 = 5.86 Y e = 0.47 and 99.60%, 99.65% at ρ 7 = 106 Y e = 0.43, respectively. (authors)
Measurements of β - ν angular correlations using a transparent Paul trap
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ban, G.; Delahaye, P.; Le Brun, Ch.; Lienard, E.; Mauger, F.; Naviliat-Cuncic, O.; Szerypo, J.; Tamain, B.
1999-06-01
The potentiality to search for physics beyond the Standard Model by means of precision measurements of β - ν angular correlations in nuclear β-decay is discussed. The possibility to reveal unexpected time reversal invariant tensor type contributions is investigated and the pure Gamow-Teller decay of 6 He is considered as a possible candidate. A new experimental method is proposed which is based on the use of a transparent Paul trap surrounded by detectors to directly record β-ion coincidences in an event-by-event mode. The experiment requires intense beams of radioactive nuclei like those which will become available at the Low Energy Facility near SPIRAL at GANIL. Such beams should preferably be efficiently cooled and bunched prior to their injection into the Paul trap. Estimates of the transmission figure required for the cooling and bunching system and of the measuring time to achieve a first step are presented. (author)
β-decay properties of neutron-deficient Pt, Hg, and Pb isotopes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sarriguren, P., E-mail: p.sarriguren@csic.es [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, IEM-CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Boillos, J. M. [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, IEM-CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, 15706 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Moreno, O. [Center for Theoretical Physics, Laboratory for Nuclear Science and Department of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Moya de Guerra, E. [Departamento de Física Atómica, Molecular y Nuclear, Facultad de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)
2015-10-15
Neutron-deficient isotopes in the lead region are well established examples of the shape coexistence phenomenon in nuclei. In this work, bulk and decay properties, including deformation energy curves, charge mean square radii, Gamow-Teller (GT) strength distributions, and β-decay half-lives, are studied in neutron-deficient Pt, Hg, and Pb isotopes. The nuclear structure involved is described microscopically from deformed quasiparticle random-phase approximation calculations with residual interactions in both particle-hole and particle-particle channels, performed on top of a self-consistent deformed quasiparticle Skyrme Hartree-Fock basis. The sensitivity to deformation of the GT strength distributions in those isotopes is proposed as an additional complementary signature of the nuclear shape. The β-decay half-lives resulting from the GT strength distributions are compared to experiment to demonstrate the ability of the method.
Commissioning a Tape Transport System for Decay Studies and Beam Diagnostics at CARIBU
Bertone, P. F.; Digiovine, B.; Lister, C. J.; Teh, K.; Kondev, F. G.; Nair, C.; Chowdhury, P.; Deo, A. Y.; Lakshmi, S.
2011-10-01
The CAlifornium Rare Isotope Breeder Upgrade (CARIBU) to the ATLAS facility at Argonne utilizes the spontaneous fission of 252 Cf for producing neutron-rich radioactive nuclei. CARIBU will be used for a wide variety of experiments, involving both reaccelerated and stopped beams, in nuclear structure, nuclear astrophysics and applications. Many of these experiments will require a means of transporting radioactivity to and from detector counting stations for the purpose of assaying beam content, measuring half-lives, β- γ spectroscopy and determining Gamow-Teller strength distributions. We have commissioned the first of several tape transport systems that will perform these functions. An overview of the design and deployment of the system will be given along with preliminary test results. Supported by the U.S. DOE Office of Nuclear Physics DE-AC02-06CH11357.
Spin-flip isovector giant resonances from the 90Zr (n,p) 90Y reaction at 200 MeV
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Raywood, K.J.; Spicer, B.M.
1989-01-01
Doubly differential cross sections of the reaction 90 Zr(n,p) 90 Y have been measured at 200 MeV for excitations up to 38 MeV in the residual nucleus. An overall resolution of 1.3 MeV was achieved. The spectra show qualitative agreement in shape and magnitude with recent RPA calculations; however all of the calculations underestimate the high excitation region of the spectra. A multipole decomposition of the data has been performed using differential cross sections calculated in the DWIA. An estimate of the Gamow-Teller strength in the reaction is given. The isovector spin-flip dipole giant resonance has been identified and there is also an indication of isovector monopole strength. 39 refs., 16 figs., 1 tab
Europeanization and Transnational States
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pedersen, Ove Kaj; Jacobsson, Bengt; Lægreid, Per
This work investigates what happens to an organized political unit when it becomes part of a larger entity and, in particular, how increased European integration and the tentative moves towards a transnational state will affect the European Union's nation state. Europeanization and the transforma...... in central government agencies. It concludes that the consequences of Europeanization can be described as the growth of a transnational administration where identities as well as loyalties are created in processes that transcend the borders of states.......This work investigates what happens to an organized political unit when it becomes part of a larger entity and, in particular, how increased European integration and the tentative moves towards a transnational state will affect the European Union's nation state. Europeanization...... and the transformation of states provides an extensive comparative survey of the central governments in four Scandinavian countries and analyses the ways in which the European Union has influenced the day-to-day work of their state administrations. It includes coverage of: Denmark, a long-standing member of the European...
Europeanization and transnational states
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jacobsson, Bengt; Lægreid, Per; Pedersen, Ove K.
This work investigates what happens to an organized political unit when it becomes part of a larger entity and, in particular, how increased European integration and the tentative moves towards a transnational state will affect the European Union's nation state. Europeanization and the transforma...... in central government agencies. It concludes that the consequences of Europeanization can be described as the growth of a transnational administration where identities as well as loyalties are created in processes that transcend the borders of states.......This work investigates what happens to an organized political unit when it becomes part of a larger entity and, in particular, how increased European integration and the tentative moves towards a transnational state will affect the European Union's nation state. Europeanization...... and the transformation of states provides an extensive comparative survey of the central governments in four Scandinavian countries and analyses the ways in which the European Union has influenced the day-to-day work of their state administrations. It includes coverage of: Denmark, a long-standing member of the European...
Li, Yongqing; Yuan, Jiuchuang; Chen, Maodu; Ma, Fengcai; Sun, Mengtao
2013-07-15
An accurate single-sheeted double many-body expansion potential energy surface is reported for the title system. A switching function formalism has been used to warrant the correct behavior at the H2(X1Σg+)+N(2D) and NH (X3Σ-)+H(2S) dissociation channels involving nitrogen in the ground N(4S) and first excited N(2D) states. The topographical features of the novel global potential energy surface are examined in detail, and found to be in good agreement with those calculated directly from the raw ab initio energies, as well as previous calculations available in the literature. The novel surface can be using to treat well the Renner-Teller degeneracy of the 12A″ and 12A' states of NH 2. Such a work can both be recommended for dynamics studies of the N(2D)+H2 reaction and as building blocks for constructing the double many-body expansion potential energy surface of larger nitrogen/hydrogen-containing systems. In turn, a test theoretical study of the reaction N(2D)+H2(X1Σg+)(ν=0,j=0)→NH (X3Σ-)+H(2S) has been carried out with the method of quantum wave packet on the new potential energy surface. Reaction probabilities, integral cross sections, and differential cross sections have been calculated. Threshold exists because of the energy barrier (68.5 meV) along the minimum energy path. On the curve of reaction probability for total angular momentum J = 0, there are two sharp peaks just above threshold. The value of integral cross section increases quickly from zero to maximum with the increase of collision energy, and then stays stable with small oscillations. The differential cross section result shows that the reaction is a typical forward and backward scatter in agreement with experimental measurement result. Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc..
Variational Transition State Theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Truhlar, Donald G. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
2016-09-29
This is the final report on a project involving the development and applications of variational transition state theory. This project involved the development of variational transition state theory for gas-phase reactions, including optimized multidimensional tunneling contributions and the application of this theory to gas-phase reactions with a special emphasis on developing reaction rate theory in directions that are important for applications to combustion. The development of variational transition state theory with optimized multidimensional tunneling as a useful computational tool for combustion kinetics involved eight objectives.
Orton, J W; Walling, J C; Ter Haar, D
1970-01-01
The Solid State Maser presents readings related to solid state maser amplifier from the first tentative theoretical proposals that appeared in the early 1950s to the successful realization of practical devices and their application to satellite communications and radio astronomy almost exactly 10 years later. The book discusses a historical account of the early developments (including that of the ammonia maser) of solid state maser; the properties of paramagnetic ions in crystals; the development of practical low noise amplifiers; and the characteristics of maser devices designed for communica
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hansen, Morten Balle; Niklasson, Birgitta; Roness, Paul
NPM-doctrines states that ideal-type agencies should have a high level of managerial autonomy, while being controlled through result-based control instruments, like performance contracts. In this article, the authors present a first preliminary attempt to comparatively analyze the autonomy of state...... agencies in four Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. By using survey data from more than 500 state agencies in the four countries, the article analyses whether there is indeed a Scandinavian style of autonomy and result control and assesses which structural, cultural, and environmental...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Li, Ming Hua; Cui, Lin; Lu, Jiangyong
2014-01-01
Institutional diversity characterizing state-owned enterprises (SOEs) from emerging economies holds critical but under-examined implications for their internationalization activities. Different types of SOEs can exhibit distinct motivations, strategic resources, and adaptive capabilities for pene......Institutional diversity characterizing state-owned enterprises (SOEs) from emerging economies holds critical but under-examined implications for their internationalization activities. Different types of SOEs can exhibit distinct motivations, strategic resources, and adaptive capabilities...... preferences. Recognition of SOEs’ organizational diversity holds important implications for theories on state-owned multinationals....
Theoretical solid state physics
Haug, Albert
2013-01-01
Theoretical Solid State Physics, Volume 1 focuses on the study of solid state physics. The volume first takes a look at the basic concepts and structures of solid state physics, including potential energies of solids, concept and classification of solids, and crystal structure. The book then explains single-electron approximation wherein the methods for calculating energy bands; electron in the field of crystal atoms; laws of motion of the electrons in solids; and electron statistics are discussed. The text describes general forms of solutions and relationships, including collective electron i
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Luo Shunlong; Li Nan
2008-01-01
Werner states are paradigmatic examples of quantum states and play an innovative role in quantum information theory. In investigating the correlating capability of Werner states, we find the curious phenomenon that quantum correlations, as quantified by the entanglement of formation, may exceed the total correlations, as measured by the quantum mutual information. Consequently, though the entanglement of formation is so widely used in quantifying entanglement, it cannot be interpreted as a consistent measure of quantum correlations per se if we accept the folklore that total correlations are measured (or rather upper bounded) by the quantum mutual information.
Lim, Edward C
2013-01-01
Excited States, Volume 4 is a collection of papers that deals with the excited states of molecular activity. One paper investigates the resonance Raman spectroscopy as the key to vibrational-electronic coupling. This paper reviews the basic theory of Raman scattering; it also explains the derivation of the Raman spectra, excitation profiles, and depolarization ratios for simple resonance systems. Another paper reviews the magnetic properties of triplet states, including the zero-field resonance techniques, the high-field experiments, and the spin Hamiltonian. This paper focuses on the magnetic
Understanding solid state physics
Holgate, Sharon Ann
2009-01-01
Where Sharon Ann Holgate has succeeded in this book is in packing it with examples of the application of solid state physics to technology. … All the basic elements of solid state physics are covered … . The range of materials is good, including as it does polymers and glasses as well as crystalline solids. In general, the style makes for easy reading. … Overall this book succeeds in showing the relevance of solid state physics to the modern world … .-Contemporary Physics, Vol. 52, No. 2, 2011I was indeed amused and inspired by the wonderful images throughout the book, carefully selected by th
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kaspersen, Lars Bo; Schmidt-Hansen, Ulrich
In the literature on the establishment and development of the Danish variant of corporatism, emphasis has most often been on the role of the social partners. Scholars rarely stress the crucial role which the state has played in the development of the system. We argue that several actors contributed......, we examine the role of the state in the corporatist system during the 1990s in the labour market and within immigration integration policy. We conclude that due to its autonomous power, the state is still a key player in the corporatist system....
Giant resonances on excited states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Besold, W.; Reinhard, P.G.; Toepffer, C.
1984-01-01
We derive modified RPA equations for small vibrations about excited states. The temperature dependence of collective excitations is examined. The formalism is applied to the ground state and the first excited state of 90 Zr in order to confirm a hypothesis which states that not only the ground state but every excited state of a nucleus has a giant resonance built upon it. (orig.)
2013-01-22
... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Antitrust Division United States v. Oklahoma State Chiropractic Independent... States District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma in United States of America v. Oklahoma State... January 10, 2013, the United States filed a Complaint alleging that the Defendants and other competing...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jensen, Rune Møller; Veloso, Manuela M.; Bryant, Randal E.
2008-01-01
In this article, we present a framework called state-set branching that combines symbolic search based on reduced ordered Binary Decision Diagrams (BDDs) with best-first search, such as A* and greedy best-first search. The framework relies on an extension of these algorithms from expanding a single...... state in each iteration to expanding a set of states. We prove that it is generally sound and optimal for two A* implementations and show how a new BDD technique called branching partitioning can be used to efficiently expand sets of states. The framework is general. It applies to any heuristic function...... framework. The algorithms outperform the ordinary A* algorithm in almost all domains. In addition, they can improve the complexity of A* exponentially and often dominate both A* and blind BDD-based search by several orders of magnitude. Moreover, they have substantially better performance than BDDA...
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Jones, Franklin
2001-01-01
This program was for the design, construction and test of two Solid State Grid Modulators to provide enhanced performance and improved reliability in existing S-band radar transmitters at the Rome Research Site...
Healthcare Associated Infections - State
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — TheÂ Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAI)Â measures - state data. These measures are developed byÂ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Â and collected...
Engaging Future Failing States
2011-03-23
military missions in the Middle East, the Balkans, Africa, Asia , and South America. There is an increasing proliferation of failed and failing states...disparity, overpopulation , food security, health services availability, migration pressures, environmental degradation, personal and 22 community
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — This page provides background needed to take advantage of the capabilities of the MSIS State Summary Datamart. This mart allows the user to develop high-level...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Johansen, Mette-Louise
2010-01-01
This paper addresses a period of embedding, as Achille Mbembe puts it when discussing the novelty of the postcolony (Mbembe 2001: 242, 01/09/2008); in this paper the term applies to conceptualise particular social processes of state/citizen entanglement within the realm of western welfare...... of immigrant communities – as experience and structure – only relates to certain domains within the socioeconomic sphere of the modern state. Other domains, such as the bureaucratic welfare services or the juridico-legal structures position immigrants ghettos at the very centre of the state, by which...... the concept of welfare, moral order and legality is constantly negotiated and reconstituted. From this perspective, I explore everyday ghetto life as frontier practices within the community and with the state....
2013-04-01
This paper highlights the challenges faced by six state departments of transportation (California, Colorado, Florida, Massachusetts, Missouri, Oregon) and the views of their respective chief executive officers within the context of national trends. E...
Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset provides an initial version of the generalized physical boundaries of New Mexico State Parks, in polygonal form with limited attributes, compiled using...
Outpatient Imaging Efficiency - State
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Use of medical imaging - state data. These measures give you information about hospitals' use of medical imaging tests for outpatients. Examples of medical imaging...
Thermodynamics of Crystalline States
Fujimoto, Minoru
2010-01-01
Thermodynamics is a well-established discipline of physics for properties of matter in thermal equilibrium surroundings. Applying to crystals, however, the laws encounter undefined properties of crystal lattices, which therefore need to be determined for a clear and well-defined description of crystalline states. Thermodynamics of Crystalline States explores the roles played by order variables and dynamic lattices in crystals in a wholly new way. This book is divided into three parts. The book begins by clarifying basic concepts for stable crystals. Next, binary phase transitions are discussed to study collective motion of order variables, as described mostly as classical phenomena. In the third part, the multi-electron system is discussed theoretically, as a quantum-mechanical example, for the superconducting state in metallic crystals. Throughout the book, the role played by the lattice is emphasized and examined in-depth. Thermodynamics of Crystalline States is an introductory treatise and textbook on meso...
Social Security Administration — A comprehensive monthly report portraying customer experience with our various service options. The State of Services is shared with the ACOSS and is presented to...
Periodically modulated dark states
Han, Yingying; Zhang, Jun; Zhang, Wenxian
2018-04-01
Phenomena of electromagnetically induced transparency (PEIT) may be interpreted by the Autler-Townes Splitting (ATS), where the coupled states are split by the coupling laser field, or by the quantum destructive interference (QDI), where the atomic phases caused by the coupling laser and the probe laser field cancel. We propose modulated experiments to explore the PEIT in an alternative way by periodically modulating the coupling and the probe fields in a Λ-type three-level system initially in a dark state. Our analytical and numerical results rule out the ATS interpretation and show that the QDI interpretation is more appropriate for the modulated experiments. Interestingly, dark state persists in the double-modulation situation where control and probe fields never occur simultaneously, which is significant difference from the traditional dark state condition. The proposed experiments are readily implemented in atomic gases, artificial atoms in superconducting quantum devices, or three-level meta-atoms in meta-materials.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Substation history publications by state. Includes station metadata such as station name and location changes, observer names and changes, alternate station names....
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hong-Mo, C.
1978-01-01
A brief introduction is given to current theoretical ideas on baryonium states with particular emphasis on their interpretation as 'colour molecules'. It is argued that baryonium spectroscopy provides a valuable test for colour as a new degree of freedom. (author)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Submerged Lands Act (43 U.S.C. Section 1301 et seq.) grants coastal states title to natural resources located within their coastal submerged lands and navigable...
Department of Homeland Security — This shapefile will display the locations of the fifty state capitol buildings as well as the territorial capitol buildings for the US Virgin Islands, Guam, Northern...
Delton Alderman
2013-01-01
Provides current and historical information on housing market in the United States. Information includes trends for housing permits and starts, housing completions for single and multifamily units, and sales and construction. This report will be updated annually.
State Agency Administrative Boundaries
Kansas Data Access and Support Center — This database comprises 28 State agency boundaries and point of contact. The Kansas Geological Survey collected legal descriptions of the boundaries for various...
US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The 2015 TIGER Geodatabases are extracts of selected nation based and state based geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...
Political State Boundary (National)
Department of Transportation — State boundaries with political limit - boundaries extending into the ocean (NTAD). The TIGER/Line Files are shapefiles and related database files (.dbf) that are an...
State Geodatabase for Connecticut
US Census Bureau, Department of Commerce — The 2015 TIGER Geodatabases are extracts of selected nation based and state based geographic and cartographic information from the U.S. Census Bureau's Master...
Healthcare Associated Infections - State
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAI) measures - state data. These measures are developed by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and collected...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Marie Vejrup
2014-01-01
This essay analyzes identity formation of majority religion in the context of intentional, political processes of change in state-church relations from a perspective that combines discursive institutionalism with the insights from governance research.......This essay analyzes identity formation of majority religion in the context of intentional, political processes of change in state-church relations from a perspective that combines discursive institutionalism with the insights from governance research....
State responses to biotechnology.
Harris, Rebecca C
2015-01-01
This article reviews biotechnology legislation in the 50 states for 11 policy areas spanning 1990-2010, an era of immense growth in biotechnology, genetic knowledge, and significant policy development. Policies regarding health insurance, life insurance, long-term care insurance, DNA data bank collection, biotech research protection, biotech promotion and support, employment discrimination, genetic counselor licensing, human cloning, and genetic privacy each represent major policy responses arising from biotechnology and coinciding with key areas of state regulation (insurance, criminal justice, economic development, labor law, health and safety, privacy, and property rights). This analysis seeks to answer three questions regarding biotechnology legislation at the state level: who is acting (policy adoption), when is policy adopted (policy timing), and what is policy doing (policy content). Theoretical concerns examine state ideology (conservative or liberal), policy type (economic or moral), and the role of external events (federal law, news events, etc.) on state policy adoption. Findings suggest ideological patterns in adoption, timing, and content of biotech policy. Findings also suggest economic policies tend to be more uniform in content than moral policies, and findings also document a clear link between federal policy development, external events, and state policy response.
Permutationally invariant state reconstruction
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Moroder, Tobias; Hyllus, Philipp; Tóth, Géza
2012-01-01
Feasible tomography schemes for large particle numbers must possess, besides an appropriate data acquisition protocol, an efficient way to reconstruct the density operator from the observed finite data set. Since state reconstruction typically requires the solution of a nonlinear large-scale opti......Feasible tomography schemes for large particle numbers must possess, besides an appropriate data acquisition protocol, an efficient way to reconstruct the density operator from the observed finite data set. Since state reconstruction typically requires the solution of a nonlinear large......-scale optimization problem, this is a major challenge in the design of scalable tomography schemes. Here we present an efficient state reconstruction scheme for permutationally invariant quantum state tomography. It works for all common state-of-the-art reconstruction principles, including, in particular, maximum...... likelihood and least squares methods, which are the preferred choices in today's experiments. This high efficiency is achieved by greatly reducing the dimensionality of the problem employing a particular representation of permutationally invariant states known from spin coupling combined with convex...
Hoyer, Paul
2017-05-01
Bound state poles in the S-matrix of perturbative QED are generated by the divergence of the expansion in α . The perturbative corrections are necessarily singular when expanding around free, {O}( α ^0 ) in and out states that have no overlap with finite-sized atomic wave functions. Nevertheless, measurables such as binding energies do have well-behaved expansions in powers of α (and log α ). It is desirable to formulate the concept of "lowest order" for gauge theory bound states such that higher order corrections vanish in the α → 0 limit. This may allow to determine a lowest order term for QCD hadrons which incorporates essential features such as confinement and chiral symmetry breaking, and thus can serve as the starting point of a useful perturbative expansion. I discuss a "Born" (no loop, lowest order in \\hbar ) approximation. Born level states are bound by gauge fields which satisfy the classical field equations. Gauss' law determines a distinct field A^0({\\varvec{x}}) for each instantaneous position of the charges. A Poincaré covariant boundary condition for the gluon field leads to a confining potential for q\\bar{q} and qqq states. In frames where the bound state is in motion the classical gauge field is obtained by a Lorentz boost of the rest frame field.
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
4 Geologia pp. 75-84. Melsa J L and Cohn D L 1978 Decision and estimation theory (New York; McGraw-Hill) pp. 272. Merton R K 1985 George Sarton: episodic recollections by an unruly apprentice; Isis 76470-486. Metropolis N, Rosenblueth A, Rosenblueth M, Teller A and Teller E 1953 Equation of state calculations.
Machine learning topological states
Deng, Dong-Ling; Li, Xiaopeng; Das Sarma, S.
2017-11-01
Artificial neural networks and machine learning have now reached a new era after several decades of improvement where applications are to explode in many fields of science, industry, and technology. Here, we use artificial neural networks to study an intriguing phenomenon in quantum physics—the topological phases of matter. We find that certain topological states, either symmetry-protected or with intrinsic topological order, can be represented with classical artificial neural networks. This is demonstrated by using three concrete spin systems, the one-dimensional (1D) symmetry-protected topological cluster state and the 2D and 3D toric code states with intrinsic topological orders. For all three cases, we show rigorously that the topological ground states can be represented by short-range neural networks in an exact and efficient fashion—the required number of hidden neurons is as small as the number of physical spins and the number of parameters scales only linearly with the system size. For the 2D toric-code model, we find that the proposed short-range neural networks can describe the excited states with Abelian anyons and their nontrivial mutual statistics as well. In addition, by using reinforcement learning we show that neural networks are capable of finding the topological ground states of nonintegrable Hamiltonians with strong interactions and studying their topological phase transitions. Our results demonstrate explicitly the exceptional power of neural networks in describing topological quantum states, and at the same time provide valuable guidance to machine learning of topological phases in generic lattice models.
Intranets and Extranets at State Libraries in the United States.
Bolt, Nancy M.
This paper is an analysis of Intranets and Extranets at selected state libraries in the United States. The paper does not review World Wide Web sites designed for use by the general public; rather, it focuses on Web sites designed and delivered by the state library to a targeted audience, typically state government employees, state library…
31 CFR 515.321 - United States; continental United States.
2010-07-01
... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false United States; continental United... General Definitions § 515.321 United States; continental United States. The term United States means the United States and all areas under the jurisdiction or authority thereof, including the Trust Territory of...
31 CFR 500.321 - United States; continental United States.
2010-07-01
... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false United States; continental United... General Definitions § 500.321 United States; continental United States. The term United States means the United States and all areas under the jurisdiction or authority thereof, including U.S. trust territories...
31 CFR 535.321 - United States; continental United States.
2010-07-01
... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false United States; continental United... General Definitions § 535.321 United States; continental United States. The term United States means the United States and all areas under the jurisdiction or authority thereof including the Trust Territory of...
State Online College Job Market: Ranking the States
Carnevale, Anthony; Jayasundera, Tamara; Repnikov, Dmitri; Gulish, Artem
2015-01-01
"State Online College Job Market: Ranking the States" analyzes the online college labor market on a state-by-state basis. We examine the geographic distribution of online job ads for college graduates within industries and occupational clusters, and compare the relative strength of the online college labor market across states. We…
Metastability of transient states
Rafailov, Michael K.
2017-05-01
High intensity ultrashort pulse causes dramatic perturbations in electronic structure of condensed matter. In the same time energy in high intensity single pulse may not be sufficient to disrupt sample thermal equilibrium. Interesting experimental results in ultrashort pulse photo-excited solids have been reported recently on transient athermal phenomena induced by ultrashort high intensity low energy pulse - phenomena related to both athermal phase transitions and athermal state changes. Athermal non-equilibrium of electronic system - and induced changes in magnetic and optical states, may exist only for a period of time comparable to excited carriers' relaxation time. That time is not sufficient for emerging application ranging from light induced superconductivity to infrared countermeasures. While single pulse interaction with condensed matter leading to transit state appearance is well observed, documented, and, to some extends, explained, one of the major problem is to maintain meta-stability of such transient states. Metastability of athermal non-equilibrium that could last well beyond electronic system relaxation time. The objective of this paper is to discuss some issues and approaches to meta-stability of transient states induced by ultrashort pulses in condensed matter.
Quenching of weak interactions in nucleon matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cowell, S.; Pandharipande, V.R.
2003-01-01
We have calculated the one-body Fermi and Gamow-Teller charge-current and vector and axial-vector neutral-current nuclear matrix elements in nucleon matter at densities of 0.08, 0.16, and 0.24 fm -3 and proton fractions ranging from 0.2 to 0.5. The correlated states for nucleon matter are obtained by operating on Fermi-gas states by a symmetrized product of pair correlation operators determined from variational calculations with the Argonne-v18 and Urbana-IX two- and three-nucleon interactions. The squares of the charge- current matrix elements are found to be quenched by 20-25 % by the short-range correlations in nucleon matter. Most of the quenching is due to spin-isospin correlations induced by the pion exchange interactions which change the isospins and spins of the nucleons. A large part of it can be related to the probability for a spin-up proton quasiparticle to be a bare spin-up/down proton/neutron. Within the interval considered, the charge-current matrix elements do not have significant dependence on the matter density, proton fraction, and magnitudes of nucleon momenta; however, they do depend on momentum transfer. The neutral-current matrix elements have a significant dependence on the proton fraction. We also calculate the matrix elements of the nuclear Hamiltonian in the same correlated basis. These provide relatively mild effective interactions that give the variational energies in the Hartree-Fock approximation. The calculated two-nucleon effective interaction describes the spin-isospin susceptibilities of nuclear and neutron matter fairly accurately. However terms greater than or equal to three-body terms are necessary to reproduce the compressibility. Realistic calculations of weak interaction rates in nucleon matter can presumably be carried out using the effective operators and interactions studied here. All presented results use the simple two-body cluster approximation to calculate the correlated basis matrix elements. This allows for a clear
The association between state attachment security and state Mindfulness.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Christopher A Pepping
Full Text Available Recent research suggests that attachment and mindfulness are related, though the nature of this association is unclear. Here we present two studies examining whether there is a causal relationship between state attachment and state mindfulness. Study 1 investigated the effects of experimentally increasing state mindfulness on state attachment security. State mindfulness was successfully enhanced, but this led to no change in state attachment security. Study 2 investigated the effects of experimentally enhancing state attachment security on state mindfulness. State attachment security was successfully enhanced, but this did not lead to any change in state mindfulness. These findings suggest that there is not a direct, immediate causal relationship between state attachment and state mindfulness as a result of brief experimental manipulations. Future research should examine these associations in longer term interventions.
Rapanos v. United States & Carabell v. United States
Documents associated with guidance for implementing the definition of waters of the United States under the Clean Water Act following the Rapanos v. United States, and Carabell v. United States Supreme Court decision.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Defendini, A.; Jones, R.; Matheys, J.P.; Vyvre, P.V.; Vascotto, A.
1992-01-01
The State Manager system (SM) is a set of tools, developed at CERN, for the control of large data-acquisition systems. A dedicated object-based language is used to describe the various components of the data-acquisition system. Each component is declared in terms of finite state machines and sequences of parametrized actions to be performed for operations such as the start and end of a run. The description, written by the user, is translated into Ada to produce a run-control program capable of controlling processes in a distributed environment. A Motif-based graphical interface to the control program displays the current state of all the components and can be used to control the overall data-acquisition system. The SM has been used by several experiments both at CERN and other organizations. We present here the architecture of the SM, some design choices, and the experience acquired from its use. (author)
Keller, J.; Carroll, C.; Widmann, B.
2006-01-01
According to the Colorado Geological Survey (CGS), Colorado's mining industry enjoyed a record-breaking year in 2005. For the whole year, the total value of nonfuel minerals, coal and uranium produced in the state in 2005 amounted to $2.4 billion. The production value of $1.52 billion in the nonfuel sector broke the previous record of $1.3 billion set in 1980, and is 60% higher than the revised 2004 CGS estimate of $950.5 million. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) ranked Colorado ninth among the states in nonfuel mineral value, up from 17th in 2004. About $1 billion of the nonfuel total is from metal mining. New record-high productions were achieved not only for molybdenum but also for coal and goal.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kreutzfeldt, Jacob
2016-01-01
State controlled radio developed in the Nordic countries by the middle of the 1920es. Danish Radio was established for a trial period in April 1925, and was permanently founded in April 1926. Swedish radio was founded in 1925 and Norwegian radio in 1933. The new and unquestionably powerful medium...... had already given rise to avant-garde imagination in Europe (Kahn 1994), but proved in its state controlled institutionalisation less available for experimentation than hoped. Yet radio remained attractive for contemporary avant-garde oriented artists, but few succeeded in accessing the mechanical...... apparatus of state radio. One example of this is the Danish writer Emil Bønnelyckes collaboration with Danish radio on Vore Dages København i Radiofoniske Billeder (Contemporary Copenhagen in Radiophonic Images) – a 4 and a half hour show broadcast prime time on Sunday evening 7. December 1930. According...
Combining programs and state machines
Bergstra, J.A.; Ponse, A.
2002-01-01
State machines consume and process actions complementary to programs issuing actions. State machines maintain a state and reply with a boolean response to each action in their interface. As state machines offer a service to programs, their interface is also called a service interface. State
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lind, P.
1993-02-01
The completeness properties of the discrete set of bound state, virtual states and resonances characterizing the system of a single nonrelativistic particle moving in a central cutoff potential is investigated. From a completeness relation in terms of these discrete states and complex scattering states one can derive several Resonant State Expansions (RSE). It is interesting to obtain purely discrete expansion which, if valid, would significantly simplify the treatment of the continuum. Such expansions can be derived using Mittag-Leffler (ML) theory for a cutoff potential and it would be nice to see if one can obtain the same expansions starting from an eigenfunction theory that is not restricted to a finite sphere. The RSE of Greens functions is especially important, e.g. in the continuum RPA (CRPA) method of treating giant resonances in nuclear physics. The convergence of RSE is studied in simple cases using square well wavefunctions in order to achieve high numerical accuracy. Several expansions can be derived from each other by using the theory of analytic functions and one can the see how to obtain a natural discretization of the continuum. Since the resonance wavefunctions are oscillating with an exponentially increasing amplitude, and therefore have to be interpreted through some regularization procedure, every statement made about quantities involving such states is checked by numerical calculations.Realistic nuclear wavefunctions, generated by a Wood-Saxon potential, are used to test also the usefulness of RSE in a realistic nuclear calculation. There are some fundamental differences between different symmetries of the integral contour that defines the continuum in RSE. One kind of symmetry is necessary to have an expansion of the unity operator that is idempotent. Another symmetry must be used if we want purely discrete expansions. These are found to be of the same form as given by ML. (29 refs.)
The Association between State Attachment Security and State Mindfulness
Pepping, Christopher A.; Davis, Penelope J.; O?Donovan, Analise
2015-01-01
Recent research suggests that attachment and mindfulness are related, though the nature of this association is unclear. Here we present two studies examining whether there is a causal relationship between state attachment and state mindfulness. Study 1 investigated the effects of experimentally increasing state mindfulness on state attachment security. State mindfulness was successfully enhanced, but this led to no change in state attachment security. Study 2 investigated the effects of exper...
Grosso, Giuseppe
2013-01-01
Solid State Physics is a textbook for students of physics, material science, chemistry, and engineering. It is the state-of-the-art presentation of the theoretical foundations and application of the quantum structure of matter and materials. This second edition provides timely coverage of the most important scientific breakthroughs of the last decade (especially in low-dimensional systems and quantum transport). It helps build readers' understanding of the newest advances in condensed matter physics with rigorous yet clear mathematics. Examples are an integral part of the text, carefully de
State Dependence in Unemployment
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ahmad, Nisar
2014-01-01
This study examines the extent state dependence among unemployed immigrants in a dynamic discrete choice framework. Three alternative methodologies are employed to control for the problem of the initial condition. The empirical findings show that there is a considerable correlation between...... the unobserved individual heterogeneity and the initial condition and that the degree of state dependence is overstated if we do not address this problem. The results show that an individual who was unemployed at period “t-1” has 6.5 percentage points higher probability of being unemployed again at period t...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Donovan, Elizabeth
2015-01-01
Government funded housing for people in need is a challenge many countries face around the world. This research investigates how to sustainably regenerate post-war suburban state housing in New Zealand, in particular, the suburb of Glen Innes in Auckland. Reviving the community and regenerating...... affordable housing. Together the conclusions drawn from empirical and ethnographic research, informed a general design toolbox and guidelines. The established guidelines and toolbox were applied at a master plan level and in-depth to an existing state house within the specific neighbourhood in Glen Innes...
Pridham, G J
2013-01-01
Solid-State Circuits provides an introduction to the theory and practice underlying solid-state circuits, laying particular emphasis on field effect transistors and integrated circuits. Topics range from construction and characteristics of semiconductor devices to rectification and power supplies, low-frequency amplifiers, sine- and square-wave oscillators, and high-frequency effects and circuits. Black-box equivalent circuits of bipolar transistors, physical equivalent circuits of bipolar transistors, and equivalent circuits of field effect transistors are also covered. This volume is divided
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sen, Somdeep
When Hamas won the 2006 Palestinian Legislative Council elections it was a critical juncture in the life of a Palestinian faction that had, over the years, garnered the status of an iconic armed resistance. Was it viable, scholars asked, for the organization to maintain its position of resistance...... the existence of a Palestinian governing authority. This despite being cast in the image of the post-colonial state, with its attendant bureaucratic and state-like coercive practices experienced by Palestinians in their everyday lives. In this way, while many have struggled to explain Hamas’ dual status...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zhishan Yuan
2018-02-01
Full Text Available Abstract Solid-state nanopore has captured the attention of many researchers due to its characteristic of nanoscale. Now, different fabrication methods have been reported, which can be summarized into two broad categories: “top-down” etching technology and “bottom-up” shrinkage technology. Ion track etching method, mask etching method chemical solution etching method, and high-energy particle etching and shrinkage method are exhibited in this report. Besides, we also discussed applications of solid-state nanopore fabrication technology in DNA sequencing, protein detection, and energy conversion.
Harrison, Walter A
2011-01-01
""A well-written text . . . should find a wide readership, especially among graduate students."" - Dr. J. I. Pankove, RCA.The field of solid state theory, including crystallography, semi-conductor physics, and various applications in chemistry and electrical engineering, is highly relevant to many areas of modern science and industry. Professor Harrison's well-known text offers an excellent one-year graduate course in this active and important area of research. While presenting a broad overview of the fundamental concepts and methods of solid state physics, including the basic quantum theory o
In Search of Prototypes and Feminist Bank-Tellers: Exploring the Representativeness Heuristic
Nilsson, Håkan
2008-01-01
According to the heuristics and biases approach, the representativeness heuristic (RH) is one of the heuristics available for assessing subjective probabilities (A. Tversky & D. Kahneman, 1974). A subjective probability assessed by the RH is determined by how representative the target object is of the target category. Several aspects of the RH are argued to cause systematic biases, for example: (i) When the RH is used, the category is represented by one single prototypical exemplar. This ...
Asymptotic iteration method for the modified Pöschl–Teller potential ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2017-01-04
Jan 4, 2017 ... 2nd Lontar Physics Forum 2013, Lontar, p. 1357-1 (2013). [15] V D Aryanthy, A Suparmi, C Cari and I Saraswati, Seminar. Nasional 2nd Lontar Physics Forum 2013, Lontar, p. 1340-1. (2013). [16] A U Ortakaya, S H Hassanabadi and B H Yazarloo, Chin. Phys. B 23, 3 (2014). [17] O Aydogdu and R Sever, ...
Dirac equation with spin symmetry for the modified Pöschl–Teller ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Dirac equation with spin symmetry. Therefore, one gets a general quadratic equation for t. The values of t can be used for calculating the energy eigenvalues using the following equation: λ = t + π (s) = −nr τ (s) − nr (nr − 1). 2 σ (s). (19). Furthermore, the other part ynr (s) of the wave function in eq. (12) is the hypergeometric-.
PAULINA CHIZIANE: A STORY TELLER IN THE RYTHM OF (COUNTER- DANCE
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jorge Valentim
2008-08-01
Full Text Available The present work proposes a way of reading Niketche, the most recent novel of the Mozambican writer Paulina Chiziane, pointing at the musical resources as elements which participate in spoken practice. In the rhythm of dance, the characters' path is intertwined, as well as the construction of the text itself. Within a feminine vision of the world, a universe marked by musicality is created, by means of rescaling the Portuguese language and the musical construction in the fictional text.
Dynamics study of a three-fold pseudo-Jahn-Teller system using the ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Author Affiliations. Biplab Sarkar1 2 A J C Varandas1. Departmento de Química, Universidade de Coimbra, 3004 535 Coimbra, Portugal; On study leave from the Department of Chemistry, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793 022, India ...
Asymptotic iteration method for the modified Pöschl–Teller potential ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2017-01-04
Jan 4, 2017 ... asymptotic iteration method, the relativistic energy equation and orbital quantum number (l) equation can be obtained, where both are interrelated. Relativistic energy equation is calculated numerically by the Matlab soft- ware. The increase in the radial quantum number nr causes a decrease in the energy ...
studies on e-transaction using the technology of automatic teller ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
DR. AMINU
Customers can access their bank accounts in order to make cash withdrawals and check account balances as well as purchasing mobile cell phone prepaid credit card. The customer is identified by inserting a plastic. ATM card with a magnetic strip or a plastic smartcard with a chip that contains a unique number and some.
Competition between Jahn-Teller coupling and orbital fluctuations in HoVO3
Blake, G. R.; Nugroho, A. A.; Gutmann, M. J.; Palstra, T. T. M.
We have carried out a detailed study of the structural properties of HoVO3 perovskite using a combination of single-crystal neutron diffraction and synchrotron x-ray and neutron powder diffraction. We focus on the competition between one-dimensional fluctuations of the occupied vanadium d orbitals
Asymptotic iteration method for the modified Pöschl–Teller potential ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Relativistic energy equation is calculated numerically by the Matlab software. The increase in the radial quantum number nr causes a decrease in the energy value, and the wave functions of the radial and the angular parts are expressed in terms of hypergeometric functions. Some thermodynamical properties of the system ...
Dynamics study of a three-fold pseudo-Jahn–Teller system using the ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
aDepartmento de Química, Universidade de Coimbra, 3004 535 Coimbra, Portugal. bOn study leave from the Department of Chemistry, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong 793 022, India e-mail: varandas@qtvs1.qui.uc.pt. Abstract. An extended Longuet–Higgins formalism recently utilized to obtain generalized Born–.
The beginning of time observed in quantum jumps
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bohm, Arno [CCQS, Physics Department, University of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Bryant, Peter W. [IBM Research, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Uncu, Haydar [Department of Physics, Adnan Menderes University, Aydin (Turkey); Wickramasekara, Sujeev [Department of Physics, Grinnell College, Grinnell, IA (United States); Schleich, Wolfgang P. [Institut fuer Quantenphysik and Center for Integrated Quantum Science and Technology, Universitaet Ulm (Germany); Hagler Institute for Advanced Study, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX (United States); Texas A and M AgriLife, Institute for Quantum Science and Engineering (IQSE) and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX (United States)
2017-06-15
The phenomenon of quantum jumps observed in a single ion stored in a trap brings to light intimate connections between three different concepts of quantum physics: (i) quantum state trajectories, (ii) Gamow states, and (iii) the arrow of time. In particular, it allows us to identify the starting time of the semigroup time evolution. (copyright 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Administering Our State Library Agencies
DuFrane, Gerard
1970-01-01
A satire on the application of scientific management principles to a state library agency. Covers relationships of the state librarian to staff, the profession, and state and federal governments. (Author/JS)
State Skill Standards: Photography
Howell, Frederick; Reed, Loretta; Jensen, Capra; Robison, Gary; Taylor, Susan; Pavesich, Christine
2007-01-01
The Department of Education has undertaken an ambitious effort to develop statewide skill standards for all content areas in career and technical education. The standards in this document are for photography programs and are designed to clearly state what the student should know and be able to do upon completion of an advanced high-school program.…
Gloerich, I.; Kolopaking, C.; Cachia, R.; Rowson, R.; Clandillon, Susan
Instagram has become an unsuspecting pulpit – seemingly caught off guard – for those determined to spread a militant message of Islamic State terror. Graphic, fanatical and oftentimes heavily photoshopped images weave through Instagram’s labyrinth of sunset snaps and gym selfies to advance a
A.J. Soede; J.C. Vrooman; P.M. Ferraresi; G. Segre
2004-01-01
The financial sustainability of the ageing welfare states in Europe has become a key policy issue recently. This study highlights a different aspect of the ageing process, namely its potential impact on income distributions. Since older people usually live on a lower income, their growing share
Prinz, A; Steenge, A.E.; Schmidt, J.
2005-01-01
The welfare state in its traditional form seems no longer sustainable. At the Rothenberge Seminar 2004, a joint venture of the School of Business, Public Administration and Technology at the University of Twente, NL, and the Institute of Public Economics at the Westfaelische Wilhelms-University
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kørner, Ejnar Alex; Lauritzen, Lise; Wang, August
2008-01-01
INTRODUCTION: The Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) is widely used in Denmark, but often in non-validated versions. In 2000 a cross-sectional workgroup decided on a new common version of the MMSE with a corresponding manual, which is validated for the first time in the present study. MATERIALS...
Penn State Worry Questionnaire
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Esbjørn, Barbara Hoff; Reinholdt-Dunne, Marie Louise; Caspersen, Ida Dyhr
2013-01-01
and valid assessment tools are essential to identify at-risk children. The present study investigates (i) the factor structure of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire for Children (PSWQ-C) using a large Danish community sample (N¿=¿933), and (ii) its treatment sensitivity in clinically anxious children (N...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Pedersen, Kamilla; Bertelsen, Aksel
Present State Examination (PSE) 5. udgave er en revideret version af speciallæge i psykiatri Aksel Bertelsens oprindelige materiale. Aksel Bertelsen er ophavsmand til PSE og til den danske udgave af ICD-10. Revisionen omfatter et forbedret layout, en modernisering af sproget, tilføjelse af...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 2; Issue 6. The Liquid State - The Arrangement of Atoms. K R Rao. General Article Volume 2 Issue 6 June 1997 pp 54-59. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/002/06/0054-0059 ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
2014-11-02
Nov 2, 2014 ... The prediction of Hoyle state was necessitated to explain the abundance of carbon, which is crucial for the existence of life on Earth and is the stepping stone for understanding the abundance of other heavier elements. After the experimental confirmation of its existence, soon it was realized that the Hoyle ...
1993-04-14
Tornado strike fighters were in the region by the end of August. 1 6 The arrival of substantial numbers of ground attack aircrafts from the United States...Safat 13002, Safat, Telex: M146151 or 46152 KT. Mansfield, Peter. Kuwait Vanguard of the Gulf. Hutchinson, London, Sydney, Auckland , Johannsberg. Sawt Al
State Dependence in Unemployment
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ahmad, Nisar
2014-01-01
This study examines the extent state dependence among unemployed immigrants in a dynamic discrete choice framework. Three alternative methodologies are employed to control for the problem of the initial condition. The empirical findings show that there is a considerable correlation between the un...
Bloch, Anthony M.; Rojo, Alberto G.
2000-01-01
In this paper we consider the classical and quantum control of squeezed states of harmonic oscillators. This provides a method for reducing noise below the quantum limit and provides an example of the control of under-actuated systems in the stochastic and quantum context. We consider also the interaction of a squeezed quantum oscillator with an external heat bath.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Negele, J.W.
1975-01-01
The nuclear ground state is surveyed theoretically, and specific suggestions are given on how to critically test the theory experimentally. Detailed results on 208 Pb are discussed, isolating several features of the charge density distributions. Analyses of 208 Pb electron scattering and muonic data are also considered. 14 figures
Dunham, Kris; Melvin, Samantha
2011-01-01
Students are often encouraged to work together with their classmates, sometimes with other classes, occasionally with kids at other schools, but rarely with kids across the country. In this article the authors describe the Create Your State project, a collaborative nationwide project inspired by the Texas Chair Project wherein the artist, Damien…
BENZODIAZEPINES IN PSYCHOTIC STATES
Ananth, Jambur; Solano, Olusegun
1993-01-01
SUMMARY Benzodiazepines are primarily used for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder, insomnia and status epilepticus. These drugs can also be useful in hyperaroused states, catatonic stupor, manic episodes, and akathisia. This paper will review indications for their use in various psychotic conditions.
State Energy Resilience Framework
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Phillips, J. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Finster, M. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Pillon, J. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Petit, F. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Trail, J. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
2016-12-01
The energy sector infrastructure’s high degree of interconnectedness with other critical infrastructure systems can lead to cascading and escalating failures that can strongly affect both economic and social activities.The operational goal is to maintain energy availability for customers and consumers. For this body of work, a State Energy Resilience Framework in five steps is proposed.
Highways: Interstate, US & State
Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This dataset contains lines for all highways in the state of New Mexico. It is in a vector digital data structure digitized from a USGS 1:500,000 scale map of the...
National Forum: Phi Kappa Phi Journal, 1988
1988-01-01
Church and state is discussed in four articles: "Religiously Inspired Censorship in Public Schools" (John H. Buchanan, 34-35); "Public Funding of Education in Religious Schools" (Eugene W. Hickok, Jr., 36-38); "Neutrality in Teaching Moral Principles in Public Schools: (Francis William O'Brien, 39-40); and "The Most…
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 2; Issue 6. The Liquid State - The Arrangement of Atoms. K R Rao. General Article Volume 2 Issue 6 June 1997 pp 54-59. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/002/06/0054-0059. Author Affiliations.
Afghanistan, state and society
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kværnø, Ole
of both governmental and nongovernmental institutions from more than 20 states. Its theme was to discuss the problems that Afghanistan faces in the wake of the U.S.-led attack on al Qaeda training camps and the Taliban government; examine the challenges confronting the NATO International Security...
Variational transition state theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Truhlar, D.G. [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis (United States)
1993-12-01
This research program involves the development of variational transition state theory (VTST) and semiclassical tunneling methods for the calculation of gas-phase reaction rates and selected applications. The applications are selected for their fundamental interest and/or their relevance to combustion.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Holm, Hans-Henrik
2002-01-01
from inaction. Often, the media are blamed. Politicians complain about the media when they interfere (the CNN effect), and when they do not. This article looks at how the media do cover failing states. Sierra Leone and Congo are used as examples. The analysis shows that there is little independent...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Greiter, M.
1992-01-01
This dissertation contains a collection of individual articles on various topics. Their significance in the corresponding field as well as connections between them are emphasized in a general and comprehensive introduction. In the first article, the author explores the consequences for macroscopic effective Lagrangians of assuming that the momentum density is proportional to the flow of conserved current. The universal corrections obtained for the macroscopic Lagrangian of a superconductor describe the London Hall effect, and provide a fully consistent derivation of it. In the second article, a heuristic principle is proposed for quantized Hall states: the existence and incompressibility of fractionally quantized Hall states is explained by an argument based on an adiabatic localization of magnetic flux, the process of trading uniform flux for an equal amount of fictitious flux attached to the particles. This principle is exactly implemented in the third article. For a certain class of model Hamiltonians, the author obtains Laughlin's Jastrow type wave functions explicitly from a filled Landau level, by smooth extrapolation in quantum statistics. The generalization of this analysis to the torus geometry shows that theorems restricting the possibilities of quantum statistics on closed surfaces are circumvented in the presence of a magnetic field. In the last article, the existence is proposed of a novel incompressible quantum liquid, a paired Hall state, at a half filled Landau level. This state arises adiabatically from free fermions in zero magnetic field, and reduces to a state previously proposed by Halperin in the limit of tightly bound pairs. It supports unusual excitations, including neutral fermions and charge e/4 anyons with statistical parameter θ = π/8
Coherent states and rational surfaces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brody, Dorje C; Graefe, Eva-Maria
2010-01-01
The state spaces of generalized coherent states associated with special unitary groups are shown to form rational curves and surfaces in the space of pure states. These curves and surfaces are generated by the various Veronese embeddings of the underlying state space into higher dimensional state spaces. This construction is applied to the parameterization of generalized coherent states, which is useful for practical calculations, and provides an elementary combinatorial approach to the geometry of the coherent state space. The results are extended to Hilbert spaces with indefinite inner products, leading to the introduction of a new kind of generalized coherent states.
Coherent states and rational surfaces
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brody, Dorje C; Graefe, Eva-Maria, E-mail: d.brody@imperial.ac.u [Department of Mathematics, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ (United Kingdom)
2010-06-25
The state spaces of generalized coherent states associated with special unitary groups are shown to form rational curves and surfaces in the space of pure states. These curves and surfaces are generated by the various Veronese embeddings of the underlying state space into higher dimensional state spaces. This construction is applied to the parameterization of generalized coherent states, which is useful for practical calculations, and provides an elementary combinatorial approach to the geometry of the coherent state space. The results are extended to Hilbert spaces with indefinite inner products, leading to the introduction of a new kind of generalized coherent states.
Thermodynamics of Crystalline States
Fujimoto, Minoru
2013-01-01
Thermodynamics is a well-established discipline of physics for properties of matter in thermal equilibrium with the surroundings. Applying to crystals, however, the laws encounter undefined properties of crystal lattice, which therefore need to be determined for a clear and well-defined description of crystalline states. Thermodynamics of Crystalline States explores the roles played by order variables and dynamic lattices in crystals in a wholly new way. The book begins by clarifying basic concepts for stable crystals. Next, binary phase transitions are discussed to study collective motion of order variables, as described mostly as classical phenomena. New to this edition is the examination of magnetic crystals, where magnetic symmetry is essential for magnetic phase transitions. The multi-electron system is also discussed theoretically, as a quantum-mechanical example, for superconductivity in metallic crystals. Throughout the book, the role played by the lattice is emphasized and studied in-depth. Thermod...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Motoba, Toshio
1982-01-01
The lightest (p, n, Λ) closed-shell hypernucleus sub(ΛΛ) sup(6)He can be considered as a most likely candidate for the unit of hypernuclear cluster structure. First the internal structure of lambpha, α sub(Λ) = sub(ΛΛ) sup(6)He, is investigated by solving the α + Λ + Λ three-body problem microscopically. The compact h. o. wave function (0 s) 6 is found to be a good description for α sub(Λ). Secondly, by using the fully microscopic GCM, we have demonstrated that di - α sub(Λ) cluster states constitute a characteristic rotational band of J = 0 + -- 6 + . The E2 transition rate from particle - stable 2 + to 0 + states is predicted to be 2 - order faster than the weak decay rate of this system. (author)
Afghanistan, state and society
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kværnø, Ole
In June 2007, the RAND Corporation and the Royal Danish Defence College hosted a conference titled “Afghanistan: State and Society, Great Power Politics, and the Way Ahead”. The two-day event, held in Copenhagen, was attended by more than 100 politicians, scholars, academics, and representative...... of both governmental and nongovernmental institutions from more than 20 states. Its theme was to discuss the problems that Afghanistan faces in the wake of the U.S.-led attack on al Qaeda training camps and the Taliban government; examine the challenges confronting the NATO International Security...... Assistance Force as it coordinates nation-building activities in Afghanistan; and suggest ways to address these issues. This volume compiles 11 of the papers presented at the conference; themes include the importance of historical precedents, coordination among relevant parties, and the development of an all...
Parallel Polarization State Generation.
She, Alan; Capasso, Federico
2016-05-17
The control of polarization, an essential property of light, is of wide scientific and technological interest. The general problem of generating arbitrary time-varying states of polarization (SOP) has always been mathematically formulated by a series of linear transformations, i.e. a product of matrices, imposing a serial architecture. Here we show a parallel architecture described by a sum of matrices. The theory is experimentally demonstrated by modulating spatially-separated polarization components of a laser using a digital micromirror device that are subsequently beam combined. This method greatly expands the parameter space for engineering devices that control polarization. Consequently, performance characteristics, such as speed, stability, and spectral range, are entirely dictated by the technologies of optical intensity modulation, including absorption, reflection, emission, and scattering. This opens up important prospects for polarization state generation (PSG) with unique performance characteristics with applications in spectroscopic ellipsometry, spectropolarimetry, communications, imaging, and security.
Overlaps of partial Néel states and Bethe states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Foda, O; Zarembo, K
2016-01-01
Partial Néel states are generalizations of the ordinary Néel (classical anti-ferromagnet) state that can have arbitrary integer spin. We study overlaps of these states with Bethe states. We first identify this overlap with a partial version of reflecting-boundary domain-wall partition function, and then derive various determinant representations for off-shell and on-shell Bethe states. (paper: quantum statistical physics, condensed matter, integrable systems)
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kreutzfeldt, Jacob
2016-01-01
State controlled radio developed in the Nordic countries by the middle of the 1920es. Danish Radio was established for a trial period in April 1925, and was permanently founded in April 1926. Swedish radio was founded in 1925 and Norwegian radio in 1933. The new and unquestionably powerful medium...... to the program sheet from Danish Broadcasting Corporation (DBC) the program included transmission of music from the Radio Orchestra, sound film and transmissions from theatres and dance restaurants in Copenhage...
Corruption in State Administration
Søreide, Tina; Rose-Ackerman, Susan
2017-01-01
Corruption can arise in any bureaucracy that has the authority to allocate benefits and impose costs. Program designers need to acknowledge and control such risks, but “best practice solutions” are seldom obvious. International development institutions propose long lists of anticorruption initiatives for state bureaucracies, hoping that at least some will be effective. But effective solutions in one context may be entirely ineffective in another.
Algebras of Information States
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Punčochář, Vít
2017-01-01
Roč. 27, č. 5 (2017), s. 1643-1675 ISSN 0955-792X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GC16-07954J Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : information states * relational semantics * algebraic semantics * intuitionistic logic * inquisitive disjunction Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion OBOR OECD: Philosophy, History and Philosophy of science and technology Impact factor: 0.909, year: 2016
Portillo's State Secrets: Mysteries
Clarke, David
2015-01-01
Blog/article commissioned by The National Archives to accompany Episode 4 of the BBC 2 series 'Portillo's State Secrets' (BBC 2, 26 March 2015). The article discusses and places in historical context the contents of Metropolitan Police files on the Jack the Ripper murders; the investigation of the 'Kitchener Coffin Hoax' of WW1 and the Ministry of Defence file on the so-called Rendlesham Forest UFO incident at RAF Woodbridge in 1980.
Nevada state revenues analysis
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
1988-06-01
This report analyzes the major sources of revenue to the Nevada State General Fund for purposes of estimating impacts associated with the siting of a nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain in Nye County, Nevada. Each major revenue source is analyzed to identify relationships among the economic or demographic base, the revenue base, and the revenues generated. Trends and changes in the rates and/or base are highlighted. A model is developed for each revenue source to allow impact estimation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jungk, R.
1979-01-01
A general picture is given of the technical and sociological problems which it is said arise in the 'nuclear state'. Separate chapters are entitled: radiation fodder; the gamblers; the atomic man; the intimidated; the proliferators; atomic terrorists; the supervised. The Foreword, entitled 'the hard path' (i.e. with nuclear power) is contrasted with a final chapter entitled 'Prospect: the soft path' (i.e. without nuclear power). (U.K.)
1996-05-15
15, 324 (1993). 3. L . Wallman , J. Drott, J. Nilsson, and T. Laurell, 8th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors and Actuators and...unlimited. BTIG QUA1ETY IHSESCTBH) l This report is based on studies performed at Lincoln Laboratory, a center for research operated by Massachusetts...analyzer. 34 7-1 Fully depleted transistor results for 50-nm silicon-on-insulator thickness and W/ L = 7/0.25 fjm: (a) n-channel characteristic curves, (b
Entanglement of neutrino states
Khokhlov, D. L.
2007-01-01
Muon and muon antineutrino born in the decay of charged pion form the entangled spin state. The decay of muon with the left helicity triggers the left helicity for muon antineutrino to preserve the null total angular momentum of muon and muon antineutrino. This is forbidden for antineutrino hence one cannot detect the muon antineutrino after the decay of muon. This effect may explain the deficit of muon neutrino flux in the Super-Kamiokande, K2K, MINOS experiments.
Commonwealth of (Independent States
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vrućinić Dušan
2013-01-01
Full Text Available Following the stages from the establishment itself to the present day of the functioning of such a specific regional organization as the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS, the article seeks to further explain the meaning of its existence, efficiency and functioning. The CIS was created in order to make the dissolution of a major world super-power, which throughout the 20th century together with the USA defined the bipolar world, as painless as possible, especially for the new countries and its nationally and ethnically diverse population. During the early years after the dissolution of the USSR, the CIS played a major role in a more flexible and less severe dissolution of the Soviet empire, alleviating the consequences for its people. A more efficient functioning among the republics in all fields was also one of the tasks of the Commonwealth, to which it was devoted to the extent which was permitted by the then, not too favourable circumstances. Difficult years of economic crisis did not allow the CIS to mutually integrate its members as much as possible on the economy level. Thanks to the economic recovery of the post-Soviet states in the early 21st century, the Commonwealth has also been transformed, reformed, and renewed, and all this in order to achieve better and more fruitful cooperation between the members. The CIS may serve as a proper example of how the former Soviet Union states are inextricably linked by social, security-political, economic, cultural, communication-transport, and other ties, thanks to the centuries-long existence of the peoples of these states in this area, despite both internal and external factors which occasionally, but temporarily halt the post-Soviet integration. Mathematically expressed, the CIS members are naturally predisposed, to be reciprocally depended on each other, just as they also have the capacity for successful cooperation in the future times and epochs brought on by the modern world.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lipkin, H.J.
1986-01-01
The success of simple constituent quark models in single-hardon physics and their failure in multiquark physics is discussed, emphasizing the relation between meson and baryon spectra, hidden color and the color matrix, breakup decay modes, coupled channels, and hadron-hadron interactions via flipping and tunneling of flux tubes. Model-independent predictions for possible multiquark bound states are considered and the most promising candidates suggested. A quark approach to baryon-baryon interactions is discussed
United States advanced technologies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Longenecker, J.R.
1985-01-01
In the United States, the advanced technologies have been applied to uranium enrichment as a means by which it can be assured that nuclear fuel cost will remain competitive in the future. The United States is strongly committed to the development of advanced enrichment technology, and has brought both advanced gas centrifuge (AGC) and atomic vapor laser isotope separation (AVLIS) programs to a point of significant technical refinement. The ability to deploy advanced technologies is the basis for the confidence in competitive future price. Unfortunately, the development of advanced technologies is capital intensive. The year 1985 is the key year for advanced technology development in the United States, since the decision on the primary enrichment technology for the future, AGC or AVLIS, will be made shortly. The background on the technology selection process, the highlights of AGC and AVLIS programs and the way to proceed after the process selection are described. The key objective is to maximize the sales volume and minimize the operating cost. This will help the utilities in other countries supply low cost energy on a reliable, long term basis. (Kako, I.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Roberts, M.
2003-01-01
Upon pressure from the United States Congress, the US Department of Energy had to withdraw from further American participation in the ITER Engineering Design Activities after the end of its commitment to the EDA in July 1998. In the years since that time, changes have taken place in both the ITER activity and the US fusion community's position on burning plasma physics. Reflecting the interest in the United States in pursuing burning plasma physics, the DOE's Office of Science commissioned three studies as part of its examination of the option of entering the Negotiations on the Agreement on the Establishment of the International Fusion Energy Organization for the Joint Implementation of the ITER Project. These were a National Academy Review Panel Report supporting the burning plasma mission; a Fusion Energy Sciences Advisory Committee (FESAC) report confirming the role of ITER in achieving fusion power production, and The Lehman Review of the ITER project costing and project management processes (for the latter one, see ITER CTA Newsletter, no. 15, December 2002). All three studies have endorsed the US return to the ITER activities. This historical decision was announced by DOE Secretary Abraham during his remarks to employees of the Department's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. The United States will be working with the other Participants in the ITER Negotiations on the Agreement and is preparing to participate in the ITA
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Menikoff, Ralph [Los Alamos National Laboratory
2015-12-15
The JWL equation of state (EOS) is frequently used for the products (and sometimes reactants) of a high explosive (HE). Here we review and systematically derive important properties. The JWL EOS is of the Mie-Grueneisen form with a constant Grueneisen coefficient and a constants specific heat. It is thermodynamically consistent to specify the temperature at a reference state. However, increasing the reference state temperature restricts the EOS domain in the (V, e)-plane of phase space. The restrictions are due to the conditions that P ≥ 0, T ≥ 0, and the isothermal bulk modulus is positive. Typically, this limits the low temperature regime in expansion. The domain restrictions can result in the P-T equilibrium EOS of a partly burned HE failing to have a solution in some cases. For application to HE, the heat of detonation is discussed. Example JWL parameters for an HE, both products and reactions, are used to illustrate the restrictions on the domain of the EOS.
Combescure, Monique; Robert, Didier
2012-06-01
The aim of this paper is to give a self-contained and unified presentation of a fermionic coherent state theory with the necessary mathematical details, discussing their definition, properties and some applications. After defining Grassmann algebras, it is possible to get a classical analog for the fermionic degrees of freedom in a quantum system. Following the basic work of Berezin (1966 The Method of Second Quantization (New York: Academic); 1987 Introduction to Superanalysis (Dordrecht: Reidel Publishing Company)), we show that we can compute with Grassmann numbers as we do with complex numbers: derivation, integration, Fourier transform. After that we show that we have quantization formulas for fermionic observables. In particular, there exists a Moyal product formula. As an application, we consider explicit computations for propagators with quadratic Hamiltonians in annihilation and creation operators. We prove a Mehler formula for the propagator and Mehlig-Wilkinson-type formulas for the covariant and contravariant symbols of ‘metaplectic’ transformations for fermionic states. This article is part of a special issue of Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical devoted to ‘Coherent states: mathematical and physical aspects’.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Girardi, G.
1980-11-01
In these lectures we attempt to describe the final states of deep inelastic scattering as given by QCD. In the first section we shall briefly comment on the parton model and give the main properties of decay functions which are of interest for the study of semi-inclusive leptoproduction. The second section is devoted to the QCD approach to single hadron leptoproduction. First we recall basic facts on QCD log's and derive after that the evolution equations for the fragmentation functions. For this purpose we make a short detour in e + e - annihilation. The rest of the section is a study of the factorization of long distance effects associated with the initial and final states. We then show how when one includes next to leading QCD corrections one induces factorization breaking and describe the double moments useful for testing such effects. The next section contains a review on the QCD jets in the hadronic final state. We begin by introducing the notion of infrared safe variable and defining a few useful examples. Distributions in these variables are studied to first order in QCD, with some comments on the resummation of logs encountered in higher orders. Finally the last section is a 'gaullimaufry' of jet studies
Variational transition state theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Truhlar, D.G.
1986-01-01
This project is concerned with the development and applications of generalized transition state theory and multidimensional tunneling approximations to chemical reaction rates. They have developed and implemented several practical versions of variational transition state theory (VTST), namely canonical variational theory (CVT), improved canonical variational theory (ICVT), and microcanonical variational theory (μVT). They have also developed and implemented several accurate multidimensional semiclassical tunneling approximations, the most accurate of which are the small-curvature semiclassical adiabatic (SCSA), large-curvature version-3 (LC3), and least-action (LA) approximations. They have applied the methods to thermal rate constants, using transmission coefficients based on ground-state tunneling, and they have also presented and applied adiabatic and diabatic extensions to calculated rate constants for vibrationally excited reactants. Their general goal is to develop accurate methods for calculating chemical reaction rate constants that remain practical even for reasonably complicated molecules. The approximations mentioned above yield rate constants for systems whose potential energy surface is known or assumed. Thus a second, equally important aspect of their work is the determination or modeling, semi-empirically and/or from electronic structure calculations, of potential energy surfaces
2011-04-28
... DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Antitrust Division United States v. Lucasfilm Ltd.; Public Comments and...)-(h), the United States hereby publishes below the comments received on the proposed Final Judgment in United States v. Lucasfilm Ltd., Civil Action No. 1:10-CV-02220, which was filed in the United States...
Metastable states in magnetic nanorings
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Castaño, F. J.; Ross, C. A.; Frandsen, Cathrine
2003-01-01
Magnetization states and hysteresis behavior of small ferromagnetic rings, of diameters 180-520 nm, have been investigated using magnetic force microscopy. In addition to the expected bi-domain ("onion") and flux-closed ("vortex") magnetization states, a metastable state has been found....... This "twisted" state contains a 360degrees domain wall which can exist over a wide range of applied fields. Four possible configurations of the twisted state are possible. Micromagnetic modeling shows that the twisted state is stabilised in small diameter, narrow rings. Additionally, more complex configurations...... such as double twisted states with two 360degrees walls have been observed....
Functional State Modelling of Cultivation Processes: Dissolved Oxygen Limitation State
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Olympia Roeva
2015-04-01
Full Text Available A new functional state, namely dissolved oxygen limitation state for both bacteria Escherichia coli and yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae fed-batch cultivation processes is presented in this study. Functional state modelling approach is applied to cultivation processes in order to overcome the main disadvantages of using global process model, namely complex model structure and a big number of model parameters. Alongwith the newly introduced dissolved oxygen limitation state, second acetate production state and first acetate production state are recognized during the fed-batch cultivation of E. coli, while mixed oxidative state and first ethanol production state are recognized during the fed-batch cultivation of S. cerevisiae. For all mentioned above functional states both structural and parameter identification is here performed based on experimental data of E. coli and S. cerevisiae fed-batch cultivations.
State Energy Program Operations Manual
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs
1999-03-17
The State Energy Program Operations Manual is a reference tool for the states and the program officials at the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs and Regional Support Offices as well as State Energy Offices. The Manual contains information needed to apply for and administer the State Energy Program, including program history, application rules and requirements, and program administration and monitoring requirements.
Coherent states in quantum mechanics
Rodrigues, R D L; Fernandes, D
2001-01-01
We present a review work on the coherent states is non-relativistic quantum mechanics analysing the quantum oscillators in the coherent states. The coherent states obtained via a displacement operator that act on the wave function of ground state of the oscillator and the connection with Quantum Optics which were implemented by Glauber have also been considered. A possible generalization to the construction of new coherent states it is point out.
State Clean Energy Policies Analysis (SCEPA): State Tax Incentives
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lantz, E.; Doris, E.
2009-10-01
As a policy tool, state tax incentives can be structured to help states meet clean energy goals. Policymakers often use state tax incentives in concert with state and federal policies to support renewable energy deployment or reduce market barriers. This analysis used case studies of four states to assess the contributions of state tax incentives to the development of renewable energy markets. State tax incentives that are appropriately paired with complementary state and federal policies generally provide viable mechanisms to support renewable energy deployment. However, challenges to successful implementation of state tax incentives include serving project owners with limited state tax liability, assessing appropriate incentive levels, and differentiating levels of incentives for technologies with different costs. Additionally, state tax incentives may result in moderately higher federal tax burdens. These challenges notwithstanding, state tax incentives that consider certain policy design characteristics can support renewable energy markets and state clean energy goals.The scale of their impact though is directly related to the degree to which they support the renewable energy markets for targeted sectors and technologies. This report highlights important policy design considerations for policymakers using state tax incentives to meet clean energy goals.
Legislative update: United States
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Anon.
2007-01-01
The US Senate consented to the ratification of the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage (CSC) on 4 August 2006. The entry into force of the Convention on Supplementary Compensation will substantially change the face of the international nuclear liability regime. The CSC is a free-standing instrument, open to all states. This means that countries can become party to a new global regime providing for liability and compensation for victims of a nuclear incident, without also having to become a contracting party to the Paris Convention or the Vienna Convention. This is certainly a major step forward given that at the present time, over half of the world's reactors in operation or under construction are not covered by any of the international nuclear third party liability conventions. The CSC creates an instrument by which states can ensure that more money will be made available to compensate more victims for a broader range of damage than ever before. The CSC provides for two tiers of compensation. The first tier, fixed at 300 million Special Drawing Rights, is to be provided by the liable operator. This tier is to be distributed on a non-discriminatory basis to victims both inside and outside of the Installation State. If 300 million SDRs are insufficient to compensate all damage, then contracting parties will be required to contribute to the second tier (the international fund). The amount of this second tier is not fixed, but rather will depend on the number of operating nuclear power plants in contracting parties, and is designed to increase as the number of such plants increases
Parameter and State Estimator for State Space Models
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ruifeng Ding
2014-01-01
Full Text Available This paper proposes a parameter and state estimator for canonical state space systems from measured input-output data. The key is to solve the system state from the state equation and to substitute it into the output equation, eliminating the state variables, and the resulting equation contains only the system inputs and outputs, and to derive a least squares parameter identification algorithm. Furthermore, the system states are computed from the estimated parameters and the input-output data. Convergence analysis using the martingale convergence theorem indicates that the parameter estimates converge to their true values. Finally, an illustrative example is provided to show that the proposed algorithm is effective.
Parameter and state estimator for state space models.
Ding, Ruifeng; Zhuang, Linfan
2014-01-01
This paper proposes a parameter and state estimator for canonical state space systems from measured input-output data. The key is to solve the system state from the state equation and to substitute it into the output equation, eliminating the state variables, and the resulting equation contains only the system inputs and outputs, and to derive a least squares parameter identification algorithm. Furthermore, the system states are computed from the estimated parameters and the input-output data. Convergence analysis using the martingale convergence theorem indicates that the parameter estimates converge to their true values. Finally, an illustrative example is provided to show that the proposed algorithm is effective.
2012-12-06
... rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will... of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 52 Approval and Promulgation of State Implementation Plans: State of Washington...
O'Riada, Gearoid
2007-01-01
La indústria dels videojocs canvia constantment. Qui juga a videojocs; per què i on són els jugadors; què passarà en el futur amb aquesta indústria multimilionària tan complexa? La industria de los videojuegos cambia constantemente. ¿Quién juega a videojuegos? ¿Por qué? ¿Dónde están los jugadores? ¿Qué deparará el futuro a esta industria multimillonaria tan compleja? The videogames industry is in a constant state of change. Who are the main players, why are they where they are, and what...
Singlet Ground State Magnetism:
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Loidl, A.; Knorr, K.; Kjems, Jørgen
1979-01-01
The magneticGamma 1 –Gamma 4 exciton of the singlet ground state system TbP has been studied by inelastic neutron scattering above the antiferromagnetic ordering temperature. Considerable dispersion and a pronounced splitting was found in the [100] and [110] directions. Both the band width...... and the splitting increased rapidly as the transition temperature was approached in accordance with the predictions of the RPA-theory. The dispersion is analysed in terms of a phenomenological model using interactions up to the fourth nearest neighbour....
Lawrance, R
1972-01-01
Solid State Phenomena explores the fundamentals of the structure and their influence on the properties of solids. This book is composed of five chapters that focus on the electrical and thermal conductivities of crystalline solids. Chapter 1 describes the nature of solids, particularly metals and crystalline materials. This chapter also presents a model to evaluate crystal structure, the forces between atom pairs, and the mechanism of plastic and elastic deformation. Chapter 2 demonstrates random vibrations of atoms in a solid using a one-dimensional array, while Chapter 3 examines the resista