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Sample records for galicia madrid sevilla

  1. Índices de precios de tres ciudades españolas, 1680-1800: Palencia, Madrid y Sevilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Llopis Agelán

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presentan y analizan los índices del costo de la vida de tres ciudades españolas, Palencia, Madrid y Sevilla, que cubren el periodo 1680-1800. Las contabilidades de diversos hospitales, colegios e instituciones benéficas han constituido la fuente principal para la elaboración de los referidos índices. En las tres urbes objeto de estudio los precios se comportaron de una manera bastante similar: todos los índices comparten tendencia y ciclo común y presentan un grado significativo de relación lineal entre sus tasas logarítmicas de variación. Sin embargo, también se observan diferencias significativas en los movimientos a corto y largo plazos de los precios: por un lado, las tensiones inflacionistas de la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII fueron más intensas en Palencia y en Sevilla que en la capital de la monarquía hispánica; por otro lado, en Madrid las fluctuaciones interanuales del costo de la vida fueron menos violentas que en Palencia y Sevilla. A nuestro juicio, hay evidencias que apuntan a que la singularidad de Madrid obedeció, ante todo, a la mayor cantidad de recursos que las instituciones públicas dedicaron en dicha urbe a la protección de los consumidores.In this article we present and analyze new cost of living indexes for three relevant Spanish urban centers that cover from 1680 to 1800. The accounts of several hospital, schools and charitable institutions have been used as main sources to construct these indexes. The three indexes behave in a fairly similar way. They share common trends and cycles and show a significant linear relationship among their logarithmic rates of variation. Nonetheless, some substantial differences in the short and the long term movement of prices may be observed as well. On the one hand, inflationary tensions in the second half of the eighteenth century were more intense in Palencia and Seville than in Madrid. On the other hand, yearly fluctuations in the cost of living

  2. Noticias de Francisco de Herrera el Viejo en Madrid y del retablo mayor del Colegio de San Basilio, de Sevilla

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    Cornejo, Francisco J.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Documents are presented here attesting to the presence of the painter Francisco de Herrera el Viejo in Madrid between 1647 and 1648. Likewise, important new information concerning the altarpiece of San Basilio in Seville is brought to light: the measurements of the architectural structure, the delay of almost ten years in its installation and payment to the artist; and, above all, the three paintings now located – a Christ Child from the door of the ciborium, and the portraits of Saint Basil the Great and Saint Eumelia, parents of Saint Basil – still attached to a fragment of the original alterpiece.

    En este artículo se dan a conocer documentos que certifican la presencia en Madrid del pintor Francisco de Herrera el Viejo en 1647 y 1648. Además, se aportan importantes novedades acerca del retablo de San Basilio, de Sevilla: las medidas de su arquitectura; el retraso en casi diez años de su instalación y pago al pintor; y, sobre todo, las tres pinturas localizadas - un Niño Jesús, de la puerta del sagrario y los retratos de San Basilio el Mayor y de Santa Eumelia, padres de San Basilio - que continúan insertas en un fragmento del retablo original.

  3. Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-01-01

    This ASTER image was acquired on July 5, 2000 and covers an area of 25 by 24 km over Madrid, Spain. A historic capital city, Madrid is renowned for its unique charm and its exhilarating cultural life. In the 10th century, a Moorish fortress called Magerit was first built on the site, a plateau 656 meters (2,150 feet) above sea level. Spanish Christians seized the city a century later, although Madrid remained relatively unimportant until 1561. It was then that the Spanish king Philip II chose it as the national capital, largely because of its geographic location in the very heart of the country. Some historic structures from this and later periods still grace the narrow streets of the old section of Madrid, although the Spanish Civil War exacted a heavy toll on the city. The image is located at 40.4 degrees north latitude and 3.7 degrees west longitude. The U.S. science team is located at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Science Mission Directorate.

  4. Estudio del fenómeno de plastificación en los túneles de O Cañizo, L.A.V. Madrid-Galicia

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Los túneles de O Cañizo, situados en A Gudiña (Ourense), forman parte de la LAV MadridGalicia tramo Lubián-Ourense, actualmente en construcción. Estos túneles perforan materiales igneos y metasedimentarios, transcurriendo una importante zona de falla (falla de Pentes) en el contacto entre ambos. En esta tesis se procede al estudio del fenómeno de plastificación observado en la perforación al atravesar la zona de falla. La plastificación o squeezing suele producirse generalmente durante ...

  5. Prada Rodríguez, Julio. Marcharon con todo. La represión económica en Galicia durante el primer franquismo. Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva, 2016.

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    María Concepción Álvarez Gómez

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available El profesor Julio Prada Rodríguez es un reconocido especialista en el ámbito de la violencia política y la represión franquista, campo en el que ha publicado obras de referencia como De la agitación republicana a la represión franquista. Ourense (Ariel, 2006, La España masacrada (Alianza, 2010 o Franquismo y represión de género en Galicia (Los Libros de la Catarata, 2013. A diferencia de sus trabajos anteriores, centrados en la represión física, en esta investigación profundiza en uno de los aspectos menos conocidos de la misma: su dimensión económica.

  6. de Galicia

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    Luis Alfonso Escudero Gómez

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Los espacios urbanos son el refugio de estamentos marginados de la esfera civil. Las corrientes emigratorias, la crisis del Estado del Bienestar y la entropía de las ciudades originan un amplio número de personas que viven en la marginalidad. Esta proporción de la sociedad excluida y pobre se concentra en los grandes núcleos urbanos pero también en los de menor tamaño. No hay ciudad que no participe de esta pobreza y marginación. Galicia, región del noroeste de España y espacio periférico dentro de la Unión Europea, nos enseñará como subsiste una realidad marginal en las ciudades pequeñas y medianas. Áreas de chabolas y de viviendas de autoconstrucción, personas sin hogar, desempleo, delincuencia... se reproducen detrás de la cotidianidad de urbes como A Coruña o Vigo. Un mundo marginal y sumergido que contrasta con el, por otro lado, desarrollo de estas ciudades

  7. Inicios del Hockey patines en Sevilla. El Patín Claret en la década de los 70 del siglo XX = Beginnings of Roller Hockey in Seville. Claret Skate in the Decade of the Twenthieh Century 70

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    Jaime Segundo Cuesta Pérez

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available En el siguiente artículo, se trata de presentar una de las páginas más importantes de la historia del Hockey Patines en Andalucía y más concretamente en la ciudad de Sevilla. Un deporte prácticamente copado desde sus inicios por equipos catalanes y cuya implantación en el resto del país ha sido muy complicada, siendo aún hoy en día muy escasa por toda España, salvo en regiones muy localizadas como Cataluña, Madrid, o Galicia. Estos que ahora presentamos son parte de los orígenes de este deporte en la capital andaluza, de los cuales nacería, para sorpresa de muchos, un equipo que alcanzaría importantes hitos en la División de Honor Nacional de este deporte.---------------------------------------------------------------------In the next article, we try to present one of the most important papers of the roller hockey history in Andalucía, concretely in Seville. This sport has been surrounded from its beginning by teams from Cataluña, while the establishment in the rest of the country has been very difficult, being still today quite scarce all over Spain, except in some regions such as Cataluña, Madrid or Galicia. We will try to show you the origin of this sport in the capital of Andalucía, from where was born, surprising everybody, a team wich achieved great landmark in the Pride National Division of this sport.

  8. Sevilla, una encrucijada de caminos

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    Manuel Martín Martin

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El mundo del flamenco, tan acostumbrado a contemplar la historia del género como una sucesión de nombres distinguidos que, por su significación expresiva o por su carácter de maestría incontestable, simbolizan una época, olvida con frecuencia el universo en que esa constelación de estrellas irradia su luminosidad más intensa, esto es, relega a un rol de menor importancia el ámbito en que se desarrollaron unos talentos especiales que, a lapostre, describirían situaciones y formas que el tiempo estimaría de verdadera trascendencia. Sin ánimo de caer en un determinismo localista demasiado forzoso, justo es decir que uno de los más grandes milagros de la música flamenca, se llama Sevilla, su barrio de Triana y muchos pueblos de la provincia. Una unidad demográfica que ofrece en grado sumo el origen de la complacencia en los goces de los sentidos.

  9. Sevilla suhtekomöödia vs Sevilla kiredraama / Kristina Kõrver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kõrver, Kristina, 1979-

    2008-01-01

    Kahest ooperist Soome Rahvusooperis - Gioacchino Rossini "Sevilla habemeajaja", lavastaja Giancarlo del Monaco, dirigent Miguel Gomez-Martinez ja Georges Bizet "Carmen", lavastaja Arnaud Bernard, dirigent Alberto Hold-Garrido

  10. Materialism and atheism in Galicia, 1790-1815

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    Martín González Fernández

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In the present work we draw a small route with regard to the (about manifestations or expressions of atheism and materialism, popular and cultured (enlightened, by the end of XVIII century and the two following decades of the XIX century, in deeph, as from the inquisitorial archives of the Court of Santiago de Compostela or Galicia. Using a mixed methodology (conceptual history, cultural anthropology, history of ideologies, the history of philosophy, etc. and based on nineteenth century documentary sources taken from the Arquivo Histórico da Universidade de Santiago de Compostela (little known or form the Archivo Histórico Nacional de Madrid (inedited, in anarchaeological way, we try to reconstruct 25 eventful years of the Galician culture, focusing particularly on the history of philosophical thought.

  11. Human rights treatment in La Voz de Galicia/Tratamiento de derechos humanos en La Voz de Galicia

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    Dra. Mercedes Román Portas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This article summarizes the results of an investigation pertaining to “Human Rights and the Written Press.” The project resulted from a collaborative effort between teachers from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid and the Universidad de Vigo in response to an accord established by the Fundacion Ciudadania y Valores. The general goal of this project is to employ quantitative content analysis methods to analyze the types of human rights-related press information received by readers of the regional newspaper, La Voz de Galicia. The specific objective of the research project was to study the level of interest that exists among readers regarding human rights reporting in La Voz de Galicia. The investigators demonstrate the quantitative frequency of contents reported in this newspaper related to human rights by presenting the analytical results of topics grouped by four select articles pertaining to the Universal Human Rights Declaration.Resumen: Este trabajo es fruto de un proyecto más amplio de investigación ya finalizado. La Fundación Ciudadanía y Valores estableció un acuerdo con un equipo de investigación integrado por profesores de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid y la Universidad de Vigo para realizar un primer informe sobre “Derechos Humanos y prensa escrita”. El objetivo global de este artículo consiste en analizar, mediante análisis de contenidos cuantitativos, el discurso mediático que los lectores del diario regional La Voz de Galicia, recibe de este periódico en relación con determinados aspectos de los derechos humanos. Los objetivos específicos de la investigación se centraron en estudiar el grado de interés que existe por los derechos humanos en este diario regional. Es decir, el grado de presencia de contenidos vinculados a este concepto. Al final del texto se presentan los resultados del análisis de los tópicos agrupados por los cuatro artículos de la Declaración Universal de Derechos

  12. Turismo cultural: el caso de Sevilla

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    Manuel Marchena Gómez

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available El patrimonio cultural se halla en una notable experimentación turística. No queremos decir con ello que el denominado patrimonio tradicional (catedrales, museos, paisaje urbano, edificios civiles y eclesiásticos, calles... esté en un proceso de agotamiento, sino todo lo contrario: con éste se está articulando actualmente una agresiva dinámica de aportación de nuevo patrimonio cultural de escala simbólica y emblemática en museos, espacios escénicos y deportivos, nueva arquitectura en hoteles, edificios de oficinas y palacios feriales y de congresos. El turismo, cuya estrecha relación con el patrimonio cultural ha dado pie a la configuración de un potente subsector dentro de éste, el Turismo Cultural, se está asimismo viendo sometido a un profundo e intenso proceso de renovación, tanto en su propia concepción, como en los modos y medios de gestión que se están llevando a cabo. Sevilla, ciudad de tradicional importancia como destino de turismo urbano, participa de dichos procesos de renovación y afronta el futuro con el reconocimiento de sus debilidades y amenazas, pero también de sus fortalezas y oportunidades, y con el convencimiento de poder convertirse en la gran metrópolis turística del Sur de Europa

  13. Climatic zones of solar radiation of Galicia; Zonas climaticas de radiacion solar de Galicia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vazquez, M.; Izquierdo, P.; Pose, M.; Prado, M. T.; Santos, J.

    2008-07-01

    The paper shows the results of a research on the solar radiation received in Galicia that allows assigning each one of the 315 Galician municipalities to one of the Climatic Zones of solar radiation, defined in the Spanish Building Technical Code (BTC). It is proposed to complete the assignment of climatic Zones in the BTC with a new zone, named Climatic Zone 0, with the objective to differentiate the geographical areas in Galicia with less than 3.4 kWh/m{sup 2}.day of yearly daily average solar radiation. The study is completed with the realization of a map of the Climate Zones of solar radiation of Galicia. (Author)

  14. La arquitectura regionalista de Sevilla desde una perspectiva internacional

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Storm, H.J.; Méndez, Rodríguez L.; Plaza, Orellana R.

    2015-01-01

    La arquitectura regionalista en Sevilla no se comprende sin su contexto europeo. La ideología regionalista estaba presente también en Inglaterra, Francia, Alemania y otros países europeos, aunque se conoce con nombres diferentes como Arts and Crafts, Heimatarchitektur o tradicionalismo. Al final la

  15. CLIL in Galicia: Repercussions on Academic Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    González Gándara, David

    2015-01-01

    There is a concern in Galicia (Spain) about possible negative effects on academic performance caused by the introduction of CLIL (content and language integrated learning) in schools. It has been said that when three languages coexist in the same context as vehicles of education, it is too much for the students, especially in primary education. In…

  16. Las noticias de Madrid (News from Madrid

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    Wahrle Suzanne

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Over 5,000 participants attended the 10th International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease (ICAD and Related Disorders in Madrid, Spain from July 15–20, 2006. Highlights of the conference included reports on brain imaging, the discovery of mutations in the progranulin gene that cause frontotemporal dementia, the finding that neuregulin-1 is a substrate for BACE1 and new interest in the connection between Alzheimer's disease and metabolic syndromes.

  17. VIII Spanish meeting on statistical physics: Proceeding of the Meeting held at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cuesta, J.A.; Sanchez, A.

    1998-01-01

    This book contains the Proceedings of ''Fisica Estadistica'97'' (FisEs'97, VIII Spanish Meeting on Statistical Physics), held at the Campus of Getafe (Madrid, Spain) of the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid on September 25 through 27, 1997. Although this is the first time the Proceedings of a Meeting in this series are published, ''Fisica Estasdistica'' dates back to 1986, when about fifty Spanish scientists attended the first edition in Barcelona. That first Meeting was organized by a group of young and not so young physicists who wanted to set up a national conference of an international level and with a broader, more interdisciplinary scope than others held at that time. Their idea quickly got off the ground and following the first edition, sequels took place every year and a half: Palma de Mallorca (1988), Badajoz (1990), Cabuenas, Asturies (1991), El Escorial, Madrid (1993), Sevilla (1994), and Zaragoza (1996)

  18. SEVILLA Y EL SEVILLA 1 (1972-2015 / Seville and the Seville 1(1972-2015

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    Valentín Trillo Martínez

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN En 2012 el edificio de oficinas Sevilla 1 cumplía cuarenta años desde su inauguración. Obra de Fernando Villanueva, Manuel Trillo y Luis Fernando Gómez-Estern, arquitectos de la firma OTAISA, fue pionero en la ciudad en cuanto a su funcionalidad exclusiva, concepto de espacio de trabajo diáfano y técnica constructiva utilizada, basada en el empleo riguroso de un módulo de fachada en hormigón prefabricado con el que se controló la totalidad de la envolvente del inmueble. Después de este tiempo, en un entorno urbano muy evolucionado y consolidado, el edificio sigue teniendo un aspecto saludable. Su estudio y análisis subrayaran la importancia del edificio en el crecimiento de la ciudad y en el prolífico periodo de la oficina de arquitectura OTAISA que ocupó su onceava planta durante nueves años. Dirigida por Felipe Medina, oficina de arquitectura extensa y plural, importó la manera americana de entender la profesión como empresa, persiguiendo el equilibrio de la calidad, la capacidad y del rendimiento. Sus relaciones con una incipiente Escuela de Arquitectura sevillana, en una aún pequeña ciudad poco profesionalizada, resultaron inevitables.

  19. Bloque de viviendas. Madrid

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    Lamela, Antonio

    1960-04-01

    Full Text Available Se trata de la edificación de dos parcelas colindantes formando un conjunto de composición exenta en la Avenida del Generalísimo de Madrid, avenida que puede y que debía haber sido una de las mejores vías de la capital de España.

  20. La Escuela Normal del Magisterio en Sevilla de 1931 a 1945: El intento republicano de implantar la coeducación

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    Juan Diego Rueda Andrades

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available (ES El trabajo presentado tiene como objetivo principal, conocer el movimiento de coeducación que desde el comienzo de la época republicana se intentó llevar a cabo en toda la geografía española y en nuestro caso concreto, Sevilla. A través de la formación del magisterio primario se promueve la inclusión de clases conjuntas de niños y niñas, y por ende, maestros y maestras que posteriormente desarrollarian sus labores docentes en todo el territorio educativo perteneciente al sector sevillano. Tratamos de desglosar la educación española en este periodo yendo desde lo más general (leyes y gobierno de Madrid, Valencia y Burgos hasta los pormenores y aspectos presentes en los diferentes edificios donde se practicaron estas enseñanzas en la ciudad hispalense.

  1. Wave energy potential in Galicia (NW Spain)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iglesias, Gregorio; López, Mario; Carballo, Rodrigo

    2009-01-01

    Wave power presents significant advantages with regard to other CO2-free energy sources, among which the predictability, high load factor and low visual and environmental impact stand out. Galicia, facing the Atlantic on the north-western corner of the Iberian Peninsula, is subjected to a very...... harsh wave climate; in this work its potential for energy production is assessed based on three-hourly data from a third generation ocean wave model (WAM) covering the period 1996 - 2005. Taking into account the results of this assessment along with other relevant considerations such as the location...

  2. Madrid Physics Conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1989-11-15

    Hard on the heels of the Lepton-Photon Symposium at Stanford in August came the International Europhysics Conference on High Energy Physics in Madrid from 6-13 September. With the two meetings held so close together, there was much overlap in the physics reported, although some teams were able to use the extra month to present new results. A notable example was the Mark II team working at Stanford's SLC linear collider, who presented new limits on the number of allowed neutrinos.The Madrid meeting attracted about 600 participants from all over the world. An initial three days of parallel sessions followed by four days of plenary talks could cover the field in depth and in breadth.

  3. La toxicología en la Universidad de Sevilla

    OpenAIRE

    Puerto Rodríguez, María; Cameán Fernández, Ana María; Moreno Navarro, Isabel María; Pichardo Sánchez, Silvia; Prieto Ortega, Ana Isabel; Jos Gallego, Ángeles Mencía

    2010-01-01

    La docencia del Área de Toxicología en la Universidad de Sevilla se desarrolla en la actualidad en dos titulaciones, Farmacia y Bioquímica. En los planes de estudios actuales la carga lectiva del Área viene dada por las asignaturas de Toxicología (asignatura troncal), y Toxicología Alimentaria (asignatura optativa) en la Licenciatura de Farmacia, y de Toxicología Molecular (asignatura optativa) en la Licenciatura de Bioquímica. Una vez aprobados por la Agencia Nacional de la Evaluación de la ...

  4. Galicia peab valima vana või uue / Allan Espenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Espenberg, Allan

    2005-01-01

    19. juunil toimuvad valimised Hispaania autonoomses piirkonnas Galicias. Arvamusküsitluste tulemused näitavad, et konservatiivset Rahvaparteid ja tema liidrit Manuel Fraga Iribarnet toetab 45 protsenti piirkonna valijatest

  5. Skill Assessment of An Hybrid Technique To Estimate Quantitative Precipitation Forecast For Galicia (nw Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lage, A.; Taboada, J. J.

    Precipitation is the most obvious of the weather elements in its effects on normal life. Numerical weather prediction (NWP) is generally used to produce quantitative precip- itation forecast (QPF) beyond the 1-3 h time frame. These models often fail to predict small-scale variations of rain because of spin-up problems and their coarse spatial and temporal resolution (Antolik, 2000). Moreover, there are some uncertainties about the behaviour of the NWP models in extreme situations (de Bruijn and Brandsma, 2000). Hybrid techniques, combining the benefits of NWP and statistical approaches in a flexible way, are very useful to achieve a good QPF. In this work, a new technique of QPF for Galicia (NW of Spain) is presented. This region has a percentage of rainy days per year greater than 50% with quantities that may cause floods, with human and economical damages. The technique is composed of a NWP model (ARPS) and a statistical downscaling process based on an automated classification scheme of at- mospheric circulation patterns for the Iberian Peninsula (J. Ribalaygua and R. Boren, 1995). Results show that QPF for Galicia is improved using this hybrid technique. [1] Antolik, M.S. 2000 "An Overview of the National Weather Service's centralized statistical quantitative precipitation forecasts". Journal of Hydrology, 239, pp:306- 337. [2] de Bruijn, E.I.F and T. Brandsma "Rainfall prediction for a flooding event in Ireland caused by the remnants of Hurricane Charley". Journal of Hydrology, 239, pp:148-161. [3] Ribalaygua, J. and Boren R. "Clasificación de patrones espaciales de precipitación diaria sobre la España Peninsular". Informes N 3 y 4 del Servicio de Análisis e Investigación del Clima. Instituto Nacional de Meteorología. Madrid. 53 pp.

  6. Prisons and women in Galicia during Franco’s regime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Victoria MARTINS RODRÍGUEZ

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Firstly, the situation of women in Galicia during the Franco dictatorship is analyzed. I think that that situation was really singular. Secondly, I study the type of women repression in Galicia, focusing on physical repression and prison, so I explain the kind of woman who suffered any of these types of repression. Finally, I describe the women’s prison space and living the conditions.

  7. Prostitution in Galicia: Clients and Feminine Imaginary

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    Agueda Gómes Suárez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Today, the prostitution in our society turns out to be an indicator of the dominant “sexual culture” in the patriarchal and capitalist societies. This article tries to contribute with another approach to the analysis of the sexual industry in our country, adjusting, principally, to the experiences of the men involved in the phenomenon of the prostitution in Galicia. The dramatic quality in which the women in prostitution live their reality and the levity and idleness, in which the clients enjoy themselves, show the controversial and worrying face of this reality. The analysis of the clients’ speech across the “Frame Analysis”, and the study of the feminine dominant imaginary among them are portrayed in this text, together with the speech of the women in prostitution and of the men who occupy masculinized spaces. This article tries to be a contribution to the complex study of the phenomenon of the prostitution in our country.

  8. The Deified Courtier: Pagan Spectacles in El burlador de Sevilla

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    Frederick A. de Armas

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This essay looks at pagan disguises utilized in plays and courtly entertainments of the Golden Age, focusing on El burlador de Sevilla. Don Juan and all those who surround him, turn to mythology, pretending to be deities and thus reflecting the theatrical culture of the court where the nobility often assumed such pagan guises. When he metamorphoses himself into Jupiter, don Juan reminds us that this particular guise was common in most European courts of the times were courtiers and kings imagined themselves as abiding in a new Olympus. Don Juan, then, defies society, utilizing the same symbols of power that served to exalt the Habsburgs. Don Juan’s power of metamorphosis is seen most clearly in Tisbea and Isabela who both play the part of Europa to the god/bull.

  9. Isidoro de Sevilla: el banco de datos medieval

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    Américo Abad

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available San Isidoro de Sevilla, el Doctor egregius de Ios siglos VI y VII, constituye una referencia medieval de suma importancia y en varios aspectos. Su obra enciclopédica, su pensamiento jurídico y filosófico, su conducción de los asuntos políticos, su apología de la iglesia como institución ecuménica, cuando apenas se dibujaban los primeros rasgos -impalpables casi - de la sociedad civil y del estado y la organizacJón del saber y del conocimiento llegados a su tiempo.Contenido: Presentación. El proyecto enciclopédico. Universo y sistema. Etimologías y otros textos. La ley y el gobierno. La filosofía. Comunidad y comunidades. Consideraciones finales

  10. Wave energy potential in Galicia (NW Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iglesias, G.; Lopez, M.; Carballo, R.; Castro, A. [University of Santiago de Compostela, Hydraulic Engineering, E.P.S., Campus Universitario s/n, 27002 Lugo (Spain); Fraguela, J.A. [University of A Coruna, E.P.S., Campus de Esteiro s/n, Ferrol (Spain); Frigaard, P. [University of Aalborg, Sohngaardsholmsvej 57, DK 9000 (Denmark)

    2009-11-15

    Wave power presents significant advantages with regard to other CO{sub 2}-free energy sources, among which the predictability, high load factor and low visual and environmental impact stand out. Galicia, facing the Atlantic on the north-western corner of the Iberian Peninsula, is subjected to a very harsh wave climate; in this work its potential for energy production is assessed based on three-hourly data from a third generation ocean wave model (WAM) covering the period 1996-2005. Taking into account the results of this assessment along with other relevant considerations such as the location of ports, navigation routes, and fishing and aquaculture zones, an area is selected for wave energy exploitation. The transformation of the offshore wave field as it propagates into this area is computed by means of a nearshore wave model (SWAN) in order to select the optimum locations for a wave farm. Two zones emerge as those with the highest potential for wave energy exploitation. The large modifications in the available wave power resulting from relatively small changes of position are made apparent in the process. (author)

  11. Nuevas aportaciones a la ictiofauna marina de Galicia

    OpenAIRE

    Bañón, R.; Cerdeira, J.D.; Ferreiro, P.; Sande, C.M.

    2007-01-01

    El número de especies de peces nuevas o raras en Galicia se ha incrementado en los últimos años gracias a un mayor esfuerzo científico y un contacto más estrecho con el sector pesquero, lo cual ha permitido obtener un mejor conocimiento de la ictiofauna marina (Bañón, 2002). En este trabajo se aportan nuevas citas sobre la presencia de cuatro especies de osteictios raras o poco conocidas para las aguas de Galicia. La biometría de los ejemplares analizados se da e...

  12. Psychoactive pharmaceutical residues in the watersheds of Galicia (Spain Fármacos psicoactivos en las cuencas de Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sara Esteban

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To monitor the presence of pharmaceutical residues of 14 psychoactive drugs belonging to three therapeutic groups in the watersheds of Galicia (Spain. Method: Five sewage treatment plants were selected in the main cities of Galicia. Thirteen psychoactive pharmaceutical compounds and one metabolite were chosen. In addition, tap water samples were taken from public places and private residences in the selected cities. Results: In all the water samples analyzed, the highest concentrations corresponded to the group of anxiolytics. In particular, high concentrations of lorazepam were found in river and tap water samples. Conclusions: This investigation demonstrates the presence of psychoactive pharmaceuticals in the watersheds of the autonomous region of Galicia and the conversion of metabolites to parent compounds. This work also shows the need to increase environmental monitoring of watersheds and to improve sewage and drinking water treatment processes to remove these pharmaceuticals.Objetivo: Monitorizar la presencia de 14 fármacos psicoactivos pertenecientes a tres grupos terapéuticos en la cuenca de Galicia. Método: Se seleccionaron cinco estaciones depuradoras de aguas residuales en las principales ciudades de Galicia. Se escogieron trece compuestos farmacéuticos psicoactivos y un metabolito. Asimismo, se tomaron muestras de aguas del grifo de espacios públicos y privados en las ciudades seleccionadas. Resultados: En todas las muestras de agua analizadas, las mayores concentraciones han correspondido al grupo de los ansiolíticos, y especialmente el lorazepam ha aparecido en altas concentraciones en las muestras de aguas de río y del grifo. Conclusiones: Esta investigación demuestra la presencia de fármacos psicoactivos en las cuencas de Galicia y la reversión de los metabolitos a sus compuestos parentales. Asimismo, muestra la necesidad de incrementar la monitorización ambiental de las cuencas y de mejorar los procesos de

  13. específico en la sierra norte de Sevilla

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    Rafael Garzón García

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La primera parte del artículo ofrece una visión panorámica de la política de fomento del uso público en la Red de Espacios Naturales Protegidos de Andalucía desde su origen hasta nuestros días, con especial incidencia en cuestiones tales como el papel preponderante asumido por la figura de Parque Natural, el desequilibrio territorial de las intervenciones planteadas, o la necesaria ordenación y planificación de la actividad. Ello conforma el contexto idóneo para abordar, en segunda instancia, un análisis particularizado de la gestión del uso público en el Parque Natural Sierra Norte de Sevilla. La elección de este ámbito territorial se fundamenta tanto en sus especiales condicionantes para el fomento de esta línea de acción (privilegiada situación, existencia de una demanda tradicional asociada a determinados enclaves, propiedad de la tierra… como en la singular gestión desarrollada desde la declaración del parque, destacando las nuevas perspectivas e incertidumbres que parecen despertarse a partir del impulso y aprobación de una planificación específica

  14. Configuración actual del comercio exterior en Galicia = Current foreign trade framework in Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Placer Galán

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available La reciente crisis económica y la contracción de la demanda interna han impulsado un creciente interés por los mercados exteriores. Esta investigación pretende caracterizar la configuración actual del comercio exterior de la Comunidad Autónoma de Galicia, tanto en lo relativo a los productos como a los mercados geográficos de origen y destino. Para ello se emplean una serie de indicadores, ampliamente contrastados en la investigación económica, que permiten identificar: el grado de apertura de la economía provincial leonesa; la propensión exportadora y la dependencia importadora; el grado de concentración, por producto y mercados, de sus flujos comerciales exteriores; la especialización exportadora y la ventaja comparativa sectorial; la composición inter o intra-industrial del comercio exterior; y la distribución geográfica de los flujos comerciales de la economía gallega con los mercados exteriores. The recent economic crisis and internal demand contraction have encouraged the emerging interest in international markets. This study aims at featuring the current foreign trade framework of the Galicia, in regards to both import and export products and geographical markets. For that purpose, several indexes, widely verified in this study, have been utilized to identify the trade openness level of Leon economy, its export propensity, import dependence as well as the concentration level for products and internal trade flows. Leon export specialization, its comparative advantage by sector, the inter-intra-industry trade composition and geographical distribution of trade with international markets have been likewise included in this study.   Keywords: .

  15. The Hofstede model in the study of the impact of Sevilla Expo 92

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    Julio García del Junco

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo toma una aproximación múltiple sobre el estudio del impacto de la Expo 92 de Sevilla. Comenzamos identificando los valores sociales y culturales de 50 profesionales de Sevilla, usando el modelo de Hofstede, añadiendo algunas cuestiones exploratorias acerca del evento para llegar a comprender el impacto percibido de la exhibición. Entonces analizamos la realidad de la Expo 92 a través del método de caso, usando información longitudinal. Los resultados demuestran que los valores sociales y culturales de los habitantes de Sevilla influyeron en la Expo 92 durante su realización, pero también después del evento. Las conclusiones identifican las contribuciones relevantes para el estudio futuro de eventos en ciudades.

  16. [The introduction of generic pharmaceutical products into Galicia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verdejo González, A; López-Lázaro, L; Rodríguez Moreno, C; Piñeiro Lago, B; Pereira Martínez, M L

    1999-11-30

    To know the evolution of the introduction of generic drugs (GDs) in Galicia. Secondarily, to evaluate its potential impact on pharmaceutical expenditure. Descriptive study of GDs utilization. Cost-minimization analysis. Galician autonomous region, year 1998. Using data from the prescription billing registry of Social Security we have selected the active ingredients corresponding to GDs with prescriptions in Galicia in 1997. We have analyzed the data for their oral single substance preparations by quarters. Consumption in DHDs of allopurinol, atenolol, captopril, naproxen and ranitidine remained stable during 1998. The market share for their GDs in quantitative terms relative to both total consumption of the active ingredients and to their pharmaceutical equivalents, showed an overall growing trend. The maximum observed value was seen for ranitidine at last quarter. Total expenditure (in final customer prices) during 1998 on the selected active substances was higher than 1864 million pesetas. Potential savings afforded by substitution for the lowest price GD prescribed in Galicia would reach 427 million pesetas. GDs market penetration in Galicia during 1998 was limited but increasing. Its utilization may afford estimated savings of 21-28% of the cost for the selected drugs. However, the expenditure on the above drugs was just 2.7% of total pharmaceutical expenditure.

  17. Universal Developmental Screening: Preliminary Studies in Galicia, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarmiento Campos, Jose A.; Squires, Jane; Ponte, Jaime

    2011-01-01

    "A_Tempo" is a research project that is currently under development in Galicia, an autonomous community of Spain. Its main aim is to propose an effective universal screening procedure for early identification of developmental disorders in children from zero to three years of age who attend Galician pre-primary schools.…

  18. The Hofstede model in the study of the impact of Sevilla Expo 92

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García del Junco, Julio

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper takes a multiple approach towards the study of the impact of Seville Expo 92. We start by identifying the social and cultural values of 50 professionals from the Sevilla, using the Hofstede model, adding some exploratory questions about the event, allowing understanding the perceived impact of the exhibition. We then have analyzed the Expo 92 reality through the case method by using longitudinal information. Results demonstrate how the socio and cultural values of Sevilla inhabitants have influenced the Expo 92 during its realization, but also after the event. Conclusions identify relevant con-tributions for future study on city events.

  19. An Operational Coastal Forecasting System in Galicia (NW Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balseiro, C. F.; Carracedo, P.; Pérez, E.; Pérez, V.; Taboada, J.; Venacio, A.; Vilasa, L.

    2009-09-01

    The Galician coast (NW Iberian Peninsula coast) and mainly the Rias Baixas (southern Galician rias) are one of the most productive ecosystems in the world, supporting a very active fishing and aquiculture industry. This high productivity lives together with a high human pressure and an intense maritime traffic, which means an important environmental risk. Besides that, Harmful Algae Blooms (HAB) are common in this area, producing important economical losses in aquiculture. In this context, the development of an Operational Hydrodynamic Ocean Forecast System is the first step to the development of a more sophisticated Ocean Integrated Decision Support Tool. A regional oceanographic forecasting system in the Galician Coast has been developed by MeteoGalicia (the Galician regional meteorological agency) inside ESEOO project to provide forecasts on currents, sea level, water temperature and salinity. This system is based on hydrodynamic model MOHID, forced with the operational meteorological model WRF, supported daily at MeteoGalicia . Two grid meshes are running nested at different scales, one of ~2km at the shelf scale and the other one with a resolution of 500 m at the rias scale. ESEOAT (Puertos del Estado) model provide salinity and temperature fields which are relaxed at all depth along the open boundary of the regional model (~6km). Temperature and salinity initial fields are also obtained from this application. Freshwater input from main rivers are included as forcing in MOHID model. Monthly mean discharge data from gauge station have been provided by Aguas de Galicia. Nowadays a coupling between an hydrological model (SWAT) and the hydrodynamic one are in development with the aim to verify the impact of the rivers discharges. The system runs operationally daily, providing two days of forecast. First model verifications had been performed against Puertos del Estado buoys and Xunta de Galicia buoys network along the Galician coast. High resolution model results

  20. Madrid, ciudad de la ciencia

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    Emilio Parrilla Gorbea

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La ciudad de Madrid ha sido y es uno de los principales polos de actividad científico-tecnológica de España. Concentra una parte fundamental de las instituciones públicas de investigación y desarrollo. Madrid ha sido un lugar de producción y localización científico-tecnológica de primer nivel nacional, desde los comienzos de la Ilustración en la época de Carlos III, posteriormente en el siglos XIX, en la época del "Cajalismo" de principios del XX, con la JAE (Junta de Ampliación de Estudios, con el CSIC y con el Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación y Madrid Network. Ha existido una secuencia espacial y temporal en la localización de sedes de instituciones científico-técnicas en la ciudad a lo largo del tiempo. Con este trabajo de investigación se analiza la formación de este sistema y sus características básicas, se evalúa si ha formado un conjunto de áreas significativas en la ciudad que permitan hablar de un proyecto o conjunto de proyectos que han formado el sistema científico-técnico de Madrid. Finalmente se analiza cómo es en la actualidad este sistema y si está concluido o si por el contrario está pendiente de terminar y desarrollar en estos momentos a principios del siglo XXI. Abstract: The city of Madrid has been, and now is too, one of the most important scientific and technical activity poles of Spain. It concentrates a great part of the public Research and Development institutions. Madrid has been a first level place for location and national scientific and technical production, since the beginnings of the Age of Enlightenment in the Carlos III epoch, later in the XIX century, in the "Cajalismo" period at first of the XX century, With JAE "Junta de Ampliación de Estudios", with CSIC and with the "Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación" and "Madrid Network". There has been a time and spatial sequence in location of the scientific and technical headquarters and institutions in the city along time. In this

  1. Allergenic pollen pollinosis in Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subiza, J; Jerez, M; Jiménez, J A; Narganes, M J; Cabrera, M; Varela, S; Subiza, E

    1995-07-01

    A 15-year pollen count was performed in the atmosphere of Madrid, Spain, to determine the months in which the highest concentrations of allergenic pollens occur. Pollen counts were done with a Burkard spore trap (Burkard Manufacturing, Rickmansworth, Herst., U.K.). The results were subsequently compared with results of skin tests in patients with pollinosis born and living in and around Madrid. The highest airborne presence (percent of total yearly pollen counts, mean of counts from 1979 to 1993) was for Quercus spp. (17%); followed by Platanus spp. (15%), Poaceae (15%), Cupressaceae (11%), Olea spp. (9%), Pinus spp. (7%), Populus spp. (4%), and Plantago spp. (4%). The most predominant pollens from January to April are tree pollens (Cupressaceae, Alnus, Fraxinus, Ulmus, Populus, Platanus, and Morus), although these are also abudant in May and June (Quercus, Olea, and Pinus spp.). The grass pollination period shows a double curve: the first peak occurs from February to April (8% of yearly grasses), and the second peak occurs from May to July (90% of yearly grasses). Among allergenically significant weeds, the most notable is Plantago; in contrast, Rumex, Urticaceae, Cheno-Amaranthaceae, and Artemisia spp. have very low concentrations (arizonica (20%). The population of Madrid is exposed to high concentrations of allergenic pollen from February to July, although the most intense period is from May to June. Grass pollens are the most important cause of pollinosis in this area.

  2. Casa Santoja, en Somosaguas, Madrid

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    Higueras, Fernando

    1968-04-01

    Full Text Available This is a single family house, of powerful texture and severe outline. It is sited on open ground at Somosaguas, and enjoys a fine view of the Madrid Sierra. The city of Madrid can be seen in the distance, and also the imposing background of the lofty mountains in the opposite direction. Granite stone and Oregon pinewood are almost the only materials utilised. Their quality, natural aspect and the audacious design adopted throughout are outstanding features of this project.Esta vivienda unifamiliar, de poderosa textura y severas líneas, campea sobre ima parcela de Somosaguas, mirando abiertamente, sin obstáculos, hacia el magnífico panorama serrano de Madrid. La capital se extiende ante la vista, con su belleza indudable, por una parte, y la altiva montaña pone su fondo imponente, por las otras. La piedra granítica y la madera de pino de Oregón son casi los únicos materiales empleados. Su calidad, su color natural y las formas atrevidas de la construcción toda, son las notas fundamentales que la hacen destacar de manera notable.

  3. Cooperative New Madrid seismic network

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Herrmann, R.B.; Johnston, A.C.

    1990-01-01

    The development and installation of components of a U.S. National Seismic Network (USNSN) in the eastern United States provides the basis for long term monitoring of eastern earthquakes. While the broad geographical extent of this network provides a uniform monitoring threshold for the purpose of identifying and locating earthquakes and while it will provide excellent data for defining some seismic source parameters for larger earthquakes through the use of waveform modeling techniques, such as depth and focal mechanism, by itself it will not be able to define the scaling of high frequency ground motions since it will not focus on any of the major seismic zones in the eastern U.S. Realizing this need and making use of a one time availability of funds for studying New Madrid earthquakes, Saint Louis University and Memphis State University successfully competed for funding in a special USGS RFP for New Madrid studies. The purpose of the proposal is to upgrade the present seismic networks run by these institutions in order to focus on defining the seismotectonics and ground motion scaling in the New Madrid Seismic Zone. The proposed network is designed both to complement the U.S. National Seismic Network and to make use of the capabilities of the communication links of that network

  4. Actividad investigadora de los residentes de medicina interna de Galicia

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    IRIA ÍÑIGUEZ

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Conocer la actividad investigadora de los residentes de medicina interna (MI de Galicia.MÉTODO: encuesta remitida a los residentes (MIR de Medicina Interna de Galicia en Mayo de 2011. Las variables analizadas fueron: comunicaciones a congresos, publicaciones en revistas, capítulos de libros, Diploma de Estu-dios Avanzados (DEA, tesis doctoral y participación en proyectos de investi-gación financiados. Los resultados se clasificaron según el año de residencia.RESuLTADOS: participaron 39 residentes (68% de los MIR de MI de Gali-cia: 9 MIR de 1º año, 14 MIR 2º, 6 MIR 3º, 6 MIR 4º y 4 MIR 5º. Se registró una media de comunicaciones a congresos autonómicos por residente de 5,.85 (DS 5.22, 2,51 (3.64 a congresos nacionales y 0,74 (1,9 a internacionales. El 41% y el 87,2% no había participado en ninguna comunicación a congresos nacionales e internacionales, respectivamen-te. Se registraron un total de 29 publicaciones, con una media inferior a 1 publicación por residente. El 71,8% no había participado en ninguna publicación. El 15% estaba realizando o habían obtenido el DEA. No se observaron diferencias en la actividad investigadora en relación al avance en los años de residencia. Tampoco se observaron diferencias en cuanto a si los residentes procedían o no de hospitales universitarios. CONCLUSIÓN: la actividad investigadora de los residentes de medicina interna de Galicia es deficiente. Es preciso conseguir una mayor impli-cación por parte de los residentes, tutores y unidades de docencia de los distintos hospitales y acometer las medidas necesarias para cambiar esta situación, estimulando actividades de formación y promoción de la investigación en los hospitales de Galicia.

  5. The economic impact of pilgrimage: An economic impact analysis of pilgrimage expenditures in Galicia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Graave, Elisabeth J.E.; Klijs, J.; Heijman, W.J.M.

    2017-01-01

    In this article, we calculate the economic impact of pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela in the NUTS 2 region Galicia (Spain) in 2010. This economic impact is relevant to policymakers and other stakeholders dealing with religious tourism in Galicia. The analysis is based on the Input-Output model.

  6. Pedro Duque Cornejo y la escultura barroca en Sevilla: nuevas aportaciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel García Luque

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Pedro Duque Cornejo (1678-1757 es una figura de capital importancia para comprender el desarrollo del barroco meridional durante la primera mitad del siglo XVIII. En este artículo damos a conocer una docena de nuevas atribuciones repartidas por Sevilla y provincia, que vienen a incrementar su ya de por sí nutrido catálogo y que avalan su carácter polifacético como escultor, pintor y arquitecto de retablos.

  7. Genocide in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia 1943–1944

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    Paweł Naleźniak

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Ukrainian nationalists tried to de-polonize the South-Eastern Borderlands by means of mass genocide and they achieved this goal to a great extent. That, however, puts them on a par with the criminal regimes of Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler. The author of this article describes the genocide of Polish inhabitants in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia committed by the Organisation of Ukrainian Nationalists (Orhanizatsiya Ukrayins’kykh Natsionalistiv, OUN and the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (Ukrainska Povstanska Armiya, UPA between 1943 and 1944. These events in European history are not well-known.

  8. Transforming the monastic heritage of Galicia into hotels

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    Alberta Lorenzo Aspres

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The recovery of monuments by means of the allocation of new distinct uses to the original ones is an increasingly frequent practice in the management of architectural heritage. And the number of hotel establishments located in buildings of great historical and/or artistic value is ever growing. The origin of this activity goes back to the beginning of the 20th century with the birth of a consciousness about the importance heritage possessed for the flourishing tourist industry. The creation of a varied state network of accommodations originated a new kind of hotel that it would be installed in run-down buildings which, once restored would regain their utility, achieving to harmonise the protection of the Spanish monumental heritage with the impulse of tourism. This practice quickly spread throughout the whole country, and also throughout Galicia. This research is completing an important part of the study about the impact of tourism and the cultural management in the conservation of the historical-artistic heritage in Galicia: through the analysis of five religious monuments rehabilitated as hotels we’ll see how the abandonment of the real estate supposes the start of its unavoidable ruin, showing that the option of a new use presents itself as the best guarantee for its survival, understanding this act from the perspective of the capacity of the monument to be alive and to participate in the society of the moment.

  9. Maestros canteros de Trasmiera en Galicia (siglo XVI

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    Diana Dúo Rámila

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Es conocido el desarrollo que experimenta la cantería en Cantabria en la Edad Moderna. Se trata de un fenómeno significativo en términos cualitativos y cuantitativos, por el elevado número de artífices y obras en las que intervienen, desplegando su actividad no sólo en la Península sino en otras zonas como Canarias y América. El presente trabajo tiene por objetivo el estudio de los canteros cántabros, concretamente de la región de Trasmiera, que se desplazaron a Galicia en el siglo XVI desarrollando una intensa y valiosa labor. Participaron allí de la actividad constructiva en la región con frecuencia en colaboración con maestros de distintas procedencias, lo que originará una confluencia de influencias artísticas que determinarán las particularidades e idiosincrasia del arte gallego de este período.The stonemasonry of Cantabria experiences an important development between the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries. This development is determined by a great number of artists and works in what they take part, working in the Peninsula, and other regions like Canaries and America. The objective of this study is to evaluate the activities that performed the master builders of Cantabria (in concrete of trasmiera’s region which displaced to Galicia in sixteenth century developing an intense and valuable activity.

  10. [Patient safety culture in Family practice residents of Galicia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portela Romero, Manuel; Bugarín González, Rosendo; Rodríguez Calvo, María Sol

    To determine the views held by Family practice (FP) residents on the different dimensions of patient safety, in order to identify potential areas for improvement. A cross-sectional study. Seven FP of Galicia teaching units. 182 FP residents who completed the Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire. The Medical Office Survey on Patient Safety Culture questionnaire was chosen because it is translated, validated, and adapted to the Spanish model of Primary Care. The results were grouped into 12 composites assessed by the mentioned questionnaire. The study variables were the socio-demographic dimensions of the questionnaire, as well as occupational/professional variables: age, gender, year of residence, and teaching unit of FP of Galicia. The "Organisational learning" and "Teamwork" items were considered strong areas. However, the "Patient safety and quality issues", "Information exchange with other settings", and "Work pressure and pace" items were considered areas with significant potential for improvement. First-year residents obtained the best results and the fourth-year ones the worst. The results may indicate the need to include basic knowledge on patient safety in the teaching process of FP residents in order to increase and consolidate the fragile patient safety culture described in this study. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  11. AstroMadrid: Astrophysics and technological developments in Comunidad de Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mas-Hesse, J. M.

    2011-11-01

    AstroMadrid is a network constituted by different research groups in the Comunidad de Madrid area, with the objective of coordinating the activities related to the development of astronomical instrumentation in the various centres. AstroMadrid is a multidisciplinar team which benefits from the synergies provided by the different participating groups, optimizing our capabilities to develop instrumentation, and minimizing the problems related to the geographical dispersion within our region. AstroMadrid is also participated by several aerospace industries, which complement the capabilities and facilities available in the research centres. In addition to optimizing the development of instrumentation, AstroMadrid plays an essential role in the formation of new engineers and scientists, by actively contributing to some Master degree courses organized by different Universities in Madrid.

  12. Review of FERREIRÓS, J; LASSALLE CASANAVE, A. El árbol de los números. Editorial Universidad de Sevilla: Sevilla, 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Mendonça

    Full Text Available Abstract We review Ferreirós and Lassalle Casanave's recently publishedbook "El árbol de los números". The book is a result of the Brazilian-Spanish conference "Sobre la elucidación del concepto de número: cognición, lógica y práctica matemática" hosted in Sevilla in 2013, and collects new papers on History and Philosophy of Mathematics as well as Mathematical Practice. These papers present results of investigations in Cognitive Sciences, Logic and Epistemology of mathematical certainty. In this review we present a general overview of the papers' contents, and advance a critical analysis of them.

  13. Bizancio en la Crónica Universal de san Isidoro de Sevilla BIZANTIUM IN THE UNIVERSAL CHRONICLE OF SAINT ISIDORO OF SEVILLA

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    José Marín R

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo, el autor analiza el Chronicon de San Isidoro de Sevilla, para demostrar que no es neutro desde el punto de vista de la narración, sino que, al contrario, su disposición y argumentos nos revelan claramente la marcada intencionalidad ideológica de su autor, quien busca mostrar la debilidad bélica y moral de Bizancio para resaltar la grandeza del Reino Visigodo, baluarte del catolicismo y la romanidad.In this article, the author analyzes Isidore's Chronicon to demónstrate that it is not neutral from the point of view of the narrative, but on the contrary his disposition and argumente reveal clearly his ideological intention. His author seeks to show the weakness of Byzantium to highlight the greatness of the Visigothic Kingdom, refuge of Catholicism and Romanity.

  14. Andriy Zayarnyuk. Framing the Ukrainian Peasantry in Habsburg Galicia 1846―1914.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian D. Armour

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Andriy Zayarnyuk. Framing the Ukrainian Peasantry in Habsburg Galicia 1846―1914. Edmonton: Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies, 2013. xxxii, 448 pp. Maps. Appendices. Bibliography. Index. $34.95, paper.

  15. Investigación sobre comunicación en Sevilla (1989-2000)

    OpenAIRE

    Luque, Javier; Reig, Ramón; Moreno, Lourdes

    2000-01-01

    El artículo recoge los datos de la producción científica sobre comunicación generada por la Facultad de Ciencias de la Información de Sevilla desde su creación en 1989 hasta el mes de noviembre de 2000. Estos datos constituyen el primer intento que se realiza por recopilar las diversas líneas de investigación del centro This report compiles the data of the scientific production bout comunication generted by Facultad de Ciencias de la Información of Seville since its creation un...

  16. Arquitectura y mercado en la Sevilla del siglo XIX: la plaza de abastos de Triana

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández González, Alberto

    2010-01-01

    En 2002, tras una drástica intervención que se prolongó varios años, el histórico mercado de Triana dejó paso a un moderno centro comercial. En este artículo se estudia la historia constructiva del edificio ochocentista diseñado por Tomás Escacena. También se analizan los diferentes planos y proyectos relativos al establecimiento que custodia el Archivo Municipal de Sevilla, alguno inédito todavía, como el croquis delineado por José Manfredi y Juan Bermejo; y se da a conocer un valioso levant...

  17. El desarrollo del turismo náutico en Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begoña Besteiro Rodríguez

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available El turismo náutico tiene un gran potencial de desarrollo en Galicia dadas las buenas condiciones geográficas que esta Comunidad presenta para su práctica. Así mismo, esta modalidad turística permite la diversificación y cualificación de la oferta turística, estando íntimamente ligado al turismo de calidad y, por tanto, importante fuente de riqueza. Además, dado que el turismo náutico puede ser practicado en cualquier época del año, juega un notable papel en la desestacionalización de la oferta turística gallega, con lo que permite la dinamización de ciertas áreas en retroceso económico tradicionalmente vinculadas con el mar.

  18. Photographs from where the world is called Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Ledo Andión, Ph. D.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available If our main goal is to reconstruct the history of photojournalism in Galicia from the photograph as part of the journalistic discourse, it leads us to confirm some uncertainties that disable a linear story by being unable to construct, much less in the case of a social institution as the press, the period leading to the Second Republic with the long years of dictatorship, nor able to extract a major influence by the photographic practices of the early years of political transition in the subsequent configuration of the role of photojournalism in the media enterprises. This study tries to establish an anthropological link between certain images, to punctuate the signification of the photographic act and, finally, to highlight the value of the act of viewing, and the photos remembered, those images that among all the other images are ours, and we recover them so that other people love them too.

  19. Attendance of scavenging seabirds at trawler discards off Galicia, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Valeiras

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available The occurrence of scavenger seabirds at fishing trawlers was studied off Galicia, Spain. A total of 9,368 seabirds of 23 species were recorded during 92 fishing operations in 1998 and 1999. The most common species were the yellow-legged and lesser black-backed gull (Larus cachinnans and L. fuscus, Sabine´s gull (L. sabini, the northern gannet (Morus bassanus, the great shearwater (Puffinus gravis, sooty shearwater (P. griseus, the Manx and Balearic shearwater (P. puffinus and P. mauretanicus, the great skua (Catharacta skua and terns (mainly Sterna hirundo and S. paradisaea. Other species occurred in small numbers: Leach´s petrel (Oceanodroma leucorhoa, the storm petrel (Hydrobates pelagicus, the little shearwater (Puffinus assimilis, Cory´s shearwater (Calonectris diomedea, the parasitic skua (Stercorarius parasiticus, the pomarine skua (S. pomarinus, the black-headed gull (Larus ridibundus, the glaucous gull (L. hyperboreus, the kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla, the sandwich tern (Sterna sandvicensis, the black tern (Chlidonias niger, the guillemot (Uria aalge and the little auk (Alle alle. The maximum number of seabirds recorded at a haul was 320. The maximum number of a particular species ranged from 120 great shearwaters to 250 yellow-legged/lesser black-backed gulls during a single haul. The differences in ship-follower species abundance are related to migratory movements but fisheries could also have a strong influence at a smaller scale on the distribution of seabirds off Galicia. The degree to which seabirds rely on fishery discards as food was not quantified, but may be important for several species.

  20. Analysis of the slaughterhouses in Galicia (NW Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bugallo, Pastora M Bello; Andrade, Laura Cristóbal; de la Torre, María Agrelo; López, Rosa Torres

    2014-05-15

    In the last five years, slaughterhouses in Galicia have been producing more than 350,000 tonnes of carcass per year (Ministry of Environmental and Marine and Rural Media (MARM), 2013). The main environmental problems derived from this economic activity are the high consumption of water, the generation of waste water with a high organic load and the intensive use of energy (electricity and fuel) (European Commission, 2005). In this region of Spain, there are seventy-one slaughterhouses but only 10 to 15% of them have a carcass production capacity exceeding 50 tonnes per day (Casares et al., 2006), consequently needing an environmental permit according to the requirements set by the IPPC (Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control) Directive (European Commission, 2008). The slaughterhouses can be specialized in one livestock type, such as pigs, cattle, sheep, goats or rabbits, or they can be polyvalent. In 2009, the most important meat productions were from porcine, poultry and bovine, as they represented 96% of total production in Spain (AICE, 2011). This paper presents a general view of this important sub-sector (according to the Spanish CNAE, National Classification of Economical Activities) of the food and drinking industry in Galicia. The work considers general information about the activity, an exhaustive description of the industrial process (including preliminary operations, processing, final and auxiliary operations), environmental aspects about consumption and emission levels, and finally a proposal of technique candidates to be BAT (best available techniques) for each process stage. This structure has permitted to obtain an inventory of pollution prevention and control techniques, as well as qualitative data of incomes and outcomes of consumptions and emissions respectively. The methodology, which has already been used in previous works (Barros et al., 2008), has been proved to be appropriate to optimize the process considering environmental factors as

  1. Wind energy resource assessment in Madrid region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Migoya, Emilio; Crespo, Antonio; Jimenez, Angel; Garcia, Javier; Manuel, Fernando [Laboratorio de Mecanica de Fluidos, Departamento de Ingenieria Energetica y Fluidomecanica, Escuela Tecnica Superior Ingenieros Industriales (ETSII), Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM), C/Jose Gutierrez Abascal, 2-28006, Madrid (Spain)

    2007-07-15

    The Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid (Autonomous Community of Madrid, in the following Madrid Region), is a region located at the geographical centre of the Iberian Peninsula. Its area is 8.028 km{sup 2}, and its population about five million people. The Department of Economy and Technological Innovation of the Madrid Region, together with some organizations dealing on energy saving and other research institutions have elaborated an Energy Plan for the 2004-12 period. As a part of this work, the Fluid Mechanics Laboratory of the Superior Technical School of Industrial Engineers of the Polytechnic University of Madrid has carried out the assessment of the wind energy resources [Crespo A, Migoya E, Gomez Elvira R. La energia eolica en Madrid. Potencialidad y prospectiva. Plan energetico de la Comunidad de Madrid, 2004-2012. Madrid: Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid; 2004]; using for this task the WAsP program (Wind Atlas Analysis and Application Program), and the own codes, UPMORO (code to study orography effects) and UPMPARK (code to study wake effects in wind parks). Different kinds of data have been collected about climate, topography, roughness of the land, environmentally protected areas, town and village distribution, population density, main facilities and electric power supply. The Spanish National Meteorological Institute has nine wind measurement stations in the region, but only four of them have good and reliable temporary wind data, with time measurement periods that are long enough to provide representative correlations among stations. The Observed Wind Climates of the valid meteorological stations have been made. The Wind Atlas and the resource grid have been calculated, especially in the high wind resource areas, selecting appropriate measurements stations and using criteria based on proximity, similarity and ruggedness index. Some areas cannot be used as a wind energy resource mainly because they have environmental regulation or, in some cases, are very close

  2. Recasting Madrid and Its Characters in Munoz Molina's "Los misterios de Madrid"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Sheri Spaine

    2009-01-01

    "Los misterios de Madrid" (1992) provides a burlesque novelistic portrayal of the changing capital city and its inhabitants in the early 1990s. Spanish writer Antonio Munoz Molina creates vignettes of Madrid's people and places while showing the capital as a destination for both foreign-born immigrants and provincial Spaniards alike. In…

  3. Inmigrantes extranjeros y retornados en Galicia: la construcción del puente transnacional Inmigrantes extranjeros y retornados en Galicia: la construcción del puente transnacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Oso Casas

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available La emigración ha marcado la historia y el desarrollo socioeconómico de Galicia; si bien, en la actualidad, ha variado en gran medida la intensidad, así como la dirección y el “color” de los flujos migratorios en esta Comunidad Autónoma. La presencia de población de nacionalidad extranjera y el importante peso del retorno de primeras, segundas y terceras generaciones de gallegos, desde el otro lado del Atlántico y desde países europeos, hacen de Galicia un territorio específico en el estudio del fenómeno de la inmigración. Este artículo se estructura en las siguientes partes. En primer lugar, a través de la explotación de fuentes secundarias (Padrón Municipal de Habitantes, Censos de Población y Viviendas, Encuesta de Población Activa, etc., se presenta un análisis sociodemográfico de la población inmigrante en Galicia, atendiendo a variables como sexo, edad, país de origen y nacionalidad, inserción laboral y residencial. En segundo lugar, se desarrolla una tipología de la inmigración en Galicia en función del origen y la nacionalidad de los migrantes (retornados, familiares dependientes de retornados de emigrantes gallegos, inmigración extranjera sin lazos con Galicia, inmigración extranjera por lazos con Galicia, descendientes autónomos de emigrantes gallegos y fronterizos. En tercer lugar, se presentan los proyectos migratorios, de cada uno de los tipos de migrantes delimitados, así como sus estrategias de incorporación socio-laboral. Para finalizar se realiza un análisis de la política migratoria que se ha desarrollado en la Comunidad Autónoma gallega.Emigration has marked both the history and socioeconomic development of Galicia. Today however, it has undergone a series of changes in terms of its intensity, direction and “colour”. The presence of foreigners and the considerable numbers of first, second and third generation Galicians who opt to return to the region from America and Europe have turned

  4. Placas decoradas paleocristianas y visigodas de la colección Alhonoz (Écija, Sevilla

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    Raquel Castelo Ruano

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo presentamos por primera vez una historiografía dedicada a los ladrillos paleocristianos y visigodos, para después dar a conocer setenta y nueve ejemplares inéditos depositados en la Fundación Alhonoz (Ecija, Sevilla. Los ejemplares dados a conocer proceden de diversas provincias andaluzas (Sevilla, Córdoba y Huelva y son producto de hallazgos casuales realizados como consecuencia de las faenas agrícolas realizadas en los numerosos cortijos de la zona. Con la publicación de estos ejemplares queremos contribuir a ampliar el corpus de estos elementos ornamentales que tanta difusión tuvieron en algunas zonas del sur peninsular. Así mismo queremos presentar algunas nuevas decoraciones que hasta el momento no se habían recogido en estudios precedentes como los realizados por Rada y Delgado, Fariña Couto o Palol, entre otros investigadores. Se alude a las iconografías representadas en las piezas para pasar a dar una interpretación funcional de las mismas.

  5. Madrid principles of Nagorno-Karabakh settlement

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    K K Babayan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available As part of this work presents the analysis of the basic document and the legal framework of the peace settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict on the modern stage - «Madrid or Basic principles», presented to the sides of the negotiations at the OSCE ministerial conference in the Spanish capital Madrid in November 2007. The both side’s statements, international mediators and institutes form a legal background of the vector and the framework of the negotiation process. There are the fundamental differences and contradictions in the approaches of the sides of the negotiations to the «Basic principles» of the settlement in this article. The work contains a comparison of the various items and elements of the Madrid document both in relation to each other, and to the principles of international law.

  6. Ciudad Mercado, infraestructura en red. Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    Carruthers, Luz María

    2016-01-01

    Los mercados de abastos de Madrid atraviesan uno profunda crisis que conlleva su decadencia arquitectónica. Si bien han sido una pieza el clave en la construcción social y urbana de Madrid. no son considerados una infraestructura, lo cual repercute en el tipo y calidad de intervenciones a los que se los somete. Recuperar su condición infraestructura, supone pensar en los mercados como red, enfocándose en las interacciones que plantean con el entorno a múltiples escalas. Éstas, pueden deber...

  7. Prostitución en Galicia: clientes e imaginarios femeninos Prostitution in Galicia: clients and feminine imaginary

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    Agueda Gómez Suárez

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Hoy, la prostitución en nuestra sociedad resulta un indicador de la "cultura sexual" dominante en las sociedades patriarcales y capitalistas. Este artículo pretende aportar otro enfoque al análisis de la industria sexual en nuestro país, ajustándose, principalmente, a las experiencias de los hombres implicados en el fenómeno de la prostitución en Galicia. El dramatismo con que las mujeres en prostitución viven su realidad y la frivolidad y ociosidad en la que se recrean los clientes, muestra el controvertido e inquietante semblante de esta realidad. El análisis del discurso de los clientes a través del "Frame Analysis", y el estudio de los imaginarios femeninos dominantes entre ellos son retratados en este texto, junto con el discurso de las mujeres en prostitución y el de los hombres que ocupan espacios masculinizados. Este artículo pretende ser una contribución más al complejo estudio del fenómeno de la prostitución en nuestro país.Today, the prostitution in our society turns out to be an indicator of the dominant "sexual culture" in the patriarchal and capitalist societies. This article tries to contribute with another approach to the analysis of the sexual industry in our country, adjusting, principally, to the experiences of the men involved in the phenomenon of the prostitution in Galicia. The dramatic quality in which the women in prostitution live their reality and the levity and idleness, in which the clients enjoy themselves, show the controversial and worrying face of this reality. The analysis of the clients' speech across the "Frame Analysis", and the study of the feminine dominant imaginary among them are portrayed in this text, together with the speech of the women in prostitution and of the men who occupy masculinized spaces. This article tries to be a contribution to the complex study of the phenomenon of the prostitution in our country.

  8. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils Volume I.-Galicia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trueba, C.; Millan, R.; Schmid, T.; Roquero, C.; Magister, M.

    1998-01-01

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-13 7 and Sr-90. The Department de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim. a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. Depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary)' source, the information compiled from the available bibliography is very heterogeneous. Therefore, an important effort has been made to normalize and process the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the Comunidad Autonoma de Galicia

  9. Francisco de Valderrama, verdadero autor de las mazas del Ayuntamiento de Sevilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santos Márquez, Antonio Joaquín

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author reveals the true creator of the maces of Seville Town Hall, Francisco de Valderrama, a rediscovered silversmith about whom new biographical data is offered. Also included is a detailed study of these civic maces (traditionally attributed erroneously to Francisco de Alfaro, key works of Sevillian Mannerism.

    En este artículo se da a conocer el verdadero autor de las mazas del ayuntamiento de Sevilla, Francisco de Valderrama, orfebre redescubierto del que además aportamos nuevos datos biográficos. Asimismo, hacemos un estudio pormenorizado de estas mazas capitulares, obra clave de la plástica manierista sevillana y que tradicionalmente había sido atribuida erróneamente a Francisco de Alfaro.

  10. Early works on the nuclear microprobe for microelectronics irradiation tests at the CEICI (Sevilla, Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Palomo, F.R.; Morilla, Y.; Mogollon, J.M.; Garcia-Lopez, J.; Labrador, J.A.; Aguirre, M.A.

    2011-01-01

    Particle radiation effects are a fundamental problem in the use of numerous electronic devices for space applications, which is aggravated with the technology shrinking towards smaller and smaller scales. The suitability of low-energy accelerators for irradiation testing is being considered nowadays. Moreover, the possibility to use a nuclear microprobe, with a lateral resolution of a few microns, allows us to evaluate the behavior under ion irradiation of specific elements in an electronic device. The CEICI is the new CEnter for Integrated Circuits Irradiation tests, created into the facilities at the Centro Nacional de Aceleradores (CNA) in Sevilla-Spain. We have verified that our 3 MV Tandem accelerator, typically used for ion beam characterization of materials, is also a valuable tool to perform irradiation experiments in the low LET (Linear Energy Transfer) region.

  11. Marfiles Coptos en Valdetorres de Jarama (Madrid

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    Marta Carrasco

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Presentation of a series of carved ivory coming from the villa de Valdetorres de Jarama, Madrid. All of them seemed to be imported pieces coming from Egypt, and could be dated between the late fourth century and the first half of the fifth century a.C. We could theoretically reconstruit chests or decorative panels with them.

  12. CONVERGENCE AS A RENOVATION/CONSERVATION TOOL FOR JOURNALISM IN GALICIA: STRATEGIES AND UNCERTAINTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Toural Bran

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers a theoretical reflection on the concept of convergence in the Autonomous Community of Galicia, in Spain. In this geographic area, marked by its respect for journalistic tradition (especially referring to the press and its inertia, it is possible to distinguish two different attitudes (actually conflicting with regard to the convergence phenomenon. Conservation strategies coexist, therefore, (focusing mainly on the business aspect of the convergent phenomenon with renovation strategies (creation of new spaces on the web, great commitment to the possibilities offered by new technologies and social networks. We are presenting an analytical study of the coexistence of these two interpretations of convergence (marketing and technological, respectively in the communication ecosystem of Galicia. We can recognize the beginning of a dialectic tension between the discourses of renovation and conservation which at present coexist in harmony. It is assumed that the information industry in Galicia will eventually choose the path that guarantees the survival of its media.

  13. Convergence as a renovation/conservation tool for journalism in Galicia: strategies and uncertainties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xosé López García

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers a theoretical reflection on the concept of convergence in the Autonomous Community of Galicia, in Spain. In this geographic area, marked by its respect for journalistic tradition (especially referring to the press and its inertia, it is possible to distinguish two different attitudes (actually conflicting with regard to the convergence phenomenon. Conservation strategies coexist, therefore, (focusing mainly on the business aspect of the convergent phenomenon with renovation strategies (creation of new spaces on the web, great commitment to the possibilities offered by new technologies and social networks. We are presenting an analytical study of the coexistence of these two interpretations of convergence (marketing and technological, respectively in the communication ecosystem of Galicia. We can recognize the beginning of a dialectic tension between the discourses of renovation and conservation which at present coexist in harmony. It is assumed that the information industry in Galicia will eventually choose the path that guarantees the survival of its media.

  14. Review of the book: Educational research in Galicia 2002-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Barca-Enríquez

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Review of: Santos Rego, M. A. (Ed. (2016. A investigación educativa en Galicia 2002-2014. Vigo: Galaxia. 518 pp. ISBN: 978-84-9865-697-8. Depósito legal: VG 253-2016. This is a work that gathers the main contributions to educational research in Galicia between 2002 and 2014. They listed the main point made research, doctoral theses, books, chapters of books/monographs, articles published in relation to the main areas and core themes related to education as psychology and education, learning disabilities, developmental disorders, educational technology, teacher training, theoretical, philosophical and sociological foundations of education; teaching, school organization and educational innovation... This is a work/book aimed at anyone interested in educational issues in different areas and with the aim of adapting education to social needs Galicia today.

  15. [The use of personal sources for the study of emigration from Galicia: present state and perspectives].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vazquez Gonzalez, A

    1996-08-01

    "Spanish sources for the study of emigration are sparse and fragmentary.... Mortgage documents for the payment of ocean transportation enable us to appreciate the spreading action of shipping agents; official listings of draft dodgers reveal that in general the River Plate was a favorite destination, rather than Cuba or Brazil. People from Galicia emigrated from rural origins to urban destinations in America; the analysis of place of birth of emigrants residing in A Coruna at the time of emigration show that there was also, in some cases, a first stage of rural-urban migration within Galicia. The general picture of emigration from Galicia is built [up] through the combination of the existing sources in Spain." (EXCERPT)

  16. El potencial empresarial en los universitarios de Sevilla desde una perspectiva de género

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José RODRÍGUEZ GUTIÉRREZ

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La participación de la mujeres en la actividad empresarial en Andalucía, aun cuando se ha incrementado de forma progresiva en los últimos años, es todavía escasa. A partir de diversos trabajos sobre la actividad empresarial en Andalucía, se deduce que la débil tasa de emergencia empresarial de la región, considerada una de las razones que explican su atraso económico en comparación con otras regiones españolas y europeas, se podría incrementar estimulando la aparición de mujeres empresarias de calidad, capaces de impulsar a través del tejido empresarial el desarrollo económico de esta región. Desde tal perspectiva, en el presente trabajo se pretende profundizar en el conocimiento del potencial empresarial femenino en la provincia de Sevilla, dado que resultaría de gran utilidad comprender cuales son los principales obstáculos que impiden a las potenciales empresarias de Sevilla emprender una actividad empresarial, y cuales las motivaciones que les inducen a dedicarse a este tipo de ocupación. De esta manera, las instituciones públicas y sociales podrán adaptar mejor sus programas políticos y económicos dirigidos a reforzar el tejido empresarial y fomentar la creación de empresas gestionadas por empresarias eficientes, innovadoras y dinámicas.

  17. Education and training in dental schools in Spain, Sevilla University experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mateos, J. C.; Carrera, F.; Gomez, A.; Luis, J.; Rodriguez, M.; Herrador, M.

    2003-01-01

    The ICRP, in its publication 73 entitled Radiological Protection and Safety in Medicine states (paragraph 128) that one important need is to provide adequate resources for the education and training in radiological protection for future professional and technical staff in medical practice. The training programme should include initial training for all incoming staff and regular updating retraining. The European Directive 97/743/EURATOM on Medical Exposure (MED) lays down requirements for education and training. The document RP 116 published by the European commission give guidelines on Education and Training in Radiation Protection and in its paragraph 51 establish that Members States shall encourage the introduction of a course on radiation protection in the basic curriculum of medical and dental schools according to the EC Medical Exposure Directive (MED). In the Spanish legislation RD 815/2001 referred to the medical exposures, it is encourage the need for the introduction of Radiological Protection courses in Medicine and Dental schools with the objective of patient protection. In this study it has been analysed the actual situation of the education and training in Radiation Protection in Dental Schools in Spain. In addition it is described the experience of the University of Sevilla. The results of the study shows that only 4 from 9 dental schools have disciplines of Radiation Protection in its curriculum. In one of them the course is mandatory and has a content of 2 credits (20 hours). In the rest of dental schools the discipline has an optional character with an average of 4 credits. The discipline of Radiation Protection of the curriculum of Dental School at Sevilla university has 4 credits and it is configured as a course with the necessary requirements from the Spanish Nuclear Safety Council to obtain the Radiological Accreditation of Responsible of Dental Radiodiagnostic Installations. This diploma is given once the students have finished the Bachelor

  18. Community projects based on Art & Health: A collaboration between the Faculty of Fine Arts at the Complutense University of Madrid and Madrid city council's Madrid Salud Service

    OpenAIRE

    Ávila, Noemí; Orellana, Ana M.; Claver, María Dolores; Borrego Hernando, Olga; Antúnez, Noelia; García Cano, Marta; Segura del Pozo, Javier; Belver, Manuel H.; Martínez Cortés, Mercedes; Martínez, Catalina; Jambers, Brigitte; Cortés, Fátima; Yeves, Laura; Soto, María del Carmen; Saavedra Macías, Francisco Javier (Coordinador)

    2017-01-01

    In 2011 the Faculty of Fine Arts at the Complutense University of Madrid, and Madrid City Council's Health Promotion and Prevention Service (Madrid Salud Service) signed a collaboration agreement for developing joint projects and activities. This mutual collaboration agreement has generated an extremely active working network, in which university students supported by health service professionals plus Faculty academics and researchers have designed, and developed, community projects based on ...

  19. Review of the book: Educational research in Galicia 2002-2014

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Barca-Enríquez

    2016-01-01

    Review of: Santos Rego, M. A. (Ed.) (2016). A investigación educativa en Galicia 2002-2014. Vigo: Galaxia. 518 pp. ISBN: 978-84-9865-697-8. Depósito legal: VG 253-2016. This is a work that gathers the main contributions to educational research in Galicia between 2002 and 2014. They listed the main point made research, doctoral theses, books, chapters of books/monographs, articles published in relation to the main areas and core themes related to education as psychology and education, lear...

  20. A Comparative Analysis of the Evolution of Gender Wage Discrimination: Spain Versus Galicia

    OpenAIRE

    Pena-Boquete, Yolanda

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the degree of female wage discrimination in the Spanish region of Galicia relative to the rest of Spain. The analysis starts from an established fact: women's average earnings are lower than men's. First, we try to show the causes behind this wage differential. Next, we discuss the evolution of the wage gap between 1995 and 2002, in order to bring some light on the factors potentially accounting for wage discrimination persistence in Galicia and Spain. We w...

  1. A Comparative Analysis of the Evolution of Gender Wage Discrimination: Spain Versus Galicia.

    OpenAIRE

    Yolanda Pena-Boquete

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to analyze the degree of female wage discrimination in the Spanish region of Galicia relative to the rest of Spain. The analysis starts from an established fact: women’s average earnings are lower than men’s. First, we try to show the causes behind this wage differential. Next, we discuss the evolution of the wage gap between 1995 and 2002, in order to bring some light on the factors potentially accounting for wage discrimination persistence in Galicia and Spain. We w...

  2. The student protest in Galicia against the “Ley Orgánica de Universidades”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramos Martínez, Ivan Julio

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The Spanish government's “Ley Orgánica de Universidades” (which entailed a controversial reorganisation of Higher Education in Spain provoked widespread protest towards the end of 2001. The reaction in Galicia was especially notable for the number of people involved, and the degree and intensity of their protests. In this essay I examine the key factors behind the strong reaction in Galicia, using three classic theories in the study of the collective action: mobilization of resources, political opportunity and frame analysis.

  3. The student protest in Galicia against the "Ley Orgánica de Universidades"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Julio Ramos Martínez

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The Spanish government's ?Ley Orgánica de Universidades? (which entailed a controversial reorganisation of Higher Education in Spain provoked widespread protest towards the end of 2001. The reaction in Galicia was especially notable for the number of people involved, and the degree and intensity of their protests. In this essay I examine the key factors behind the strong reaction in Galicia, using three classic theories in the study of the collective action: mobilization of resources, political opportunity and frame analysis.

  4. Physical and chemical treatment of the acid wastewater poured from Aznalcollar quarnx (Sevilla-Spain); Tratamiento fisicoquimico de las aguas acidas vertidas tras la rotura de la balsa minera de Aznalcollar (Sevilla)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Mediavilla, B.; Medialdea, J. M.; Montes, M. A.; Garcia Martinez de Simon, I.; Lopez, C. M.; Moron, M. J.; Escot, E.; Arnaiz, M. C.; Lebrato, J. [Universidad de Sevilla. Sevialla (Spain)

    1999-11-01

    In this work, laboratory results of physical and chemical treatment of the acid wastewater poured from Aznalcollar quarry (Sevilla, Spain) the last april 25, 1998, are presented. Experiments were carried out in the facilities of the Wastewater Treatment Research Group, University of Sevilla. Objectives were to adjust pH and to remove heavy metals from the water. Comparative results showed application of calcium hydroxide and aluminium policyholder as the most effective physical and chemical treatment for the water, in terms of pH adjustment and heavy metal removal. Data suggest that treatment systems including preliminary adjustment of water pH followed by addition of chemical coagulants, significantly alter the physical state of dissolved heavy metals and facilitate their removal by sedimentation. Such procedures might be useful for the treatment of surface waters polluted with high concentrations of heavy metals. (Author) 5 refs.

  5. A methodological approach for urban green areas: a case study in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teresa Briz-de-Felipe

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Los habitantes de las ciudades son conscientes de los efectos positivos que brinda el estar rodeado de naturaleza. Objetivo: Se probó un método para la identificación de áreas verdes urbanas y para conocer la actitud de los actores involucrados en el proceso de enverdecimiento tanto de suelo como de altura. Materiales y métodos: Se cuantificaron los tejados disponibles para el establecimiento de áreas verdes. Los residentes fueron entrevistados para consultar su opinión y disposición para la instalación y mantenimiento de un tejado verde. El estudio se realizó a través de la evaluación tecnosocioeconómica. El índice de disponibilidad al enverdecimiento (WTG, por sus siglas en inglés se utilizó para analizar la presencia o ausencia de plantas en los tejados. Resultados y discusión: Se propuso un nuevo índice, denominado índice ponderado de evaluación verde (GEWI, por sus siglas en inglés, para medir la “presencia de verde” en un entorno urbano. El índice establece la relación entre el número de tejados y el WTG de los habitantes. Los distritos de Salamanca (Madrid, San Martí (Barcelona y Nervión (Sevilla tuvieron mayor GEWI; es decir, mayor presencia de agricultura urbana. Conclusiones: La metodología y el índice propuestos muestran las posibilidades de las zonas de estudio para incrementar sus zonas verdes. Algunos factores como disminuir los trámites o facilitar la instalación de azoteas verdes podrían ayudar a lograr tal objetivo.

  6. Hábitos alimentarios y de actividad física en un grupo de adolescentes de la Comunidad de Madrid y su relación con el rendimiento académico

    OpenAIRE

    Ibañez Montero, Alfonso

    2013-01-01

    Objetivo Analizar y valorar la dieta de un grupo de alumnas de E.S.O de Madrid, y profundizar en la relación entre patrones de alimentación, rendimiento físico y rendimiento académico. Material y métodos Estudio descriptivo y transversal, de una muestra de 16 adolescentes de sexo femenino (15–18 años) del Instituto de Educación Secundaria de Sevilla la Nueva. Se realizó un análisis prospectivo de la dieta de 72 horas, medición antropométrica, un cuestionario de actividad física y ot...

  7. Un posible recinto campamental romano en O Cornado (Negreira, Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Gago Mariño

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos en este artículo las evidencias y el contexto geográfico y arqueológico de una fortificación localizada en el municipio de Negreira (A Coruña y que por sus características puede corresponder a un posible campamento romano. El sitio arqueológico está ubicado en una zona de gran interés para comprender la romanización del occidente de Galicia, con actividad minera, asentamientos y vías de comunicación de la época. Las nuevas tecnologías LIDAR, el acceso abierto al «vuelo americano» de 1956 y otras bases de datos de imágenes aéreas, junto con técnicas más convencionales, han propiciado el hallazgo o, más bien, la propuesta de revisión cronológica y funcional de este yacimiento. El posible campamento podría pertenecer a una fase final o inmediatamente posterior de la conquista romana. This article presents the evidence and the geographical and archaeological context of a large fortress located in the municipality of Negreira (A Coruña and whose characteristics may correspond to a possible Roman camp. The archaeological site is located in an area of great interest (with minery, settlements and roads of those times, which help us to understand the Romanization of the western Gallaecia. New LIDAR technologies and open access to the 1956 «American flight» and other aerial imagery databases, combined with more traditional techniques have led to the discovery, or rather, to propose a chronological and functional requalification of this site. This new camp could have been built in the final phase of the Roman conquest or at the beginning of the Romanization process.

  8. La formación del profesorado como respuesta a la violencia escolar. La propuesta del modelo Sevilla antiviolencia escolar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario del Rey

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El proyecto Sevilla Anti-Violencia Escolar (SAVE en el que hemos venido trabajando el equipo de Investigaciones Psicopedagógicas de la Universidad de Sevilla, ha propuesto un modelo para el abordaje de la formación al servicio del profesorado innovador que articule de forma concreta el principio de coherencia entre lo que se pide al alumnado y lo que piensa y valora el profesorado, sobre el mismo asunto. En este trabajo, presentamos tres aportaciones a las investigaciones realizadas durante los últimos años. Primero, una breve descripción delos elementos básicos del modelo educativo de prevención de la violencia escolar que hemos llevado acabo en el SAVE: educación en emociones, sentimientos y valores, trabajo en grupo cooperativo, gestión democrática de la convivencia, y programas específicos para trabajar con chicos directamente implicados en problemas de maltrato entre iguales. A continuación, defendemos la propuesta de un modelo de formación del profesorado en el propio centro que se ha incluido en este proyecto. Finalmente, mostramos la evaluación de las acciones desarrolladas por los profesores de cinco centros de Sevilla, mediante las percepciones de 910 alumnos sobre su efectividad.

  9. ¿Alcoholismo en Galicia: un camiño sen esperanza?

    OpenAIRE

    Folgar de la Calle, José María; Martín Sánchez, Rita

    2012-01-01

    O alcoholismo en Galicia é un mal endémico, polo que os enfermos non son considerados marxi­ nados. Os dous filmes que comentamos tentan chamar a atención e concienciar á sociedade sobre o carácter atípico deste problema.

  10. Inclusiveness of identification among farmers in The Netherlands and Galicia (Spain)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klandermans, P.G.; Sabucedo, J.M.; Rodriguez, M.

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we discuss inclusiveness of identification among farmers in Galicia (Spain) and The Netherlands. Identification with three nested categories - farmers in the local community, farmers in the country, and farmers in Europe was assessed among 167 Dutch and 248 Galician farmers at three

  11. Spatial distribution of human-caused forest fires in Galicia (NW Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    M. L. Chas-Amil; J. Touza; P. Prestemon

    2010-01-01

    It is crucial for fire prevention policies to assess the spatial patterns of human-started fires and their relationship with geographical and socioeconomic aspects. This study uses fire reports for the period 1988-2006 in Galicia, Spain, to analyze the spatial distribution of human-induced fire risk attending to causes and underlying motivations associated with fire...

  12. High-grade metamorphic rocks of the Mellid area, Galicia, NW Spain

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hubregtse, J.J.M.W.

    1973-01-01

    This study concerns the petrology of the Mellid area, the SE portion of the outer zone of the Ordenes Complex which is one of the upthrusted Precambrian complexes in the axial zone of the Hercynian orogen in Galicia, NW Spain. An eugeosynclinal rock sequence is found containing units with different

  13. EL TRÁFICO INVERSO DE MEDICAMENTOS. EXPERIENCIA EN GALICIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Vázquez-Mourelle

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La circulación intracomunitaria de medicamentos entre países de laUnión Europea realizada por laboratorios farmacéuticos y almacenes mayo-ristas es una actividad permitida denominada comercio paralelo. Como Es-paña se encuentra entre los Estados con menor precio de estos productos, suactividad principal es el envío a otros países. Sin embargo, en la adquisiciónde fármacos con este objeto ha emergido un fenómeno denominado “tráficoinverso de medicamentos”, que se desarrolla sin observar la normativa sani-taria en el canal legal de distribución en nuestro país. Consiste en que los al-macenes mayoristas obtienen los medicamentos de las oficinas de farmacia,en lugar de obtenerlos de otros almacenes o de laboratorios farmacéuticosconforme a la legislación vigente, invirtiendo de esta forma el circuito legalde suministro, ya que las oficinas de farmacia no los dispensan al público.Este trabajo profundiza en los riesgos que para la salud pública ocasio-nan estas prácticas, detalla los resultados de la inspección de servicios sani-tarios en Galicia que, en relación al total de procedimientos sancionadores aestablecimientos farmacéuticos del período 2011-2014, fueron saniconadospor esta causa 15 oficinas de farmacia y 5 almacenes, correspondiendo lasmáximas multas a la red formada por un almacén farmacéutico (1.000.000€y cierre por 3 años y 4 oficinas de farmacia (2.400.000€. Así mismo, seespecifica la metodología de actuación y se identifica el escenario de ad-quisición ilegal para realizar este comercio exterior con mayores beneficioseconómicos, y se destacan los puntos fuertes de éxito y nuevas acciones paramejorar su abordaje.

  14. Used data bases to adapt the technical code of the construction (CTE) to the real climatology of Galicia; Bases de datos utilizadas para adaptar el codigo tecnico de la edificacion (CTE) a la climatologia real de Galicia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vazquez, M.; Izquierdo, P.; Pose, M.; Prado, M. T.; Santos, J.

    2008-07-01

    The paper explains the data base used in the research on the variables solar radiation, air ambient temperature, air ambient relative humidity, and rivers surface water temperature, that was realized to analyze and adapt the Spanish Technical Building Code (TBC) to the real climate of Galicia. the Data bases are those of the meteorological and ambient stations of organizations with wide nets in Galicia, and images of the Meteosat-6 satellite. (Author)

  15. Desarrollo territorial en la Vega Media de Sevilla: Elementos de un tejido empresarial urbano-rural

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Galindo Pérez de Azpillaga

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El aprovechamiento de los posibles sistemas territoriales en los espacios desfavorecidos tiene que estar apoyado en su articulación productiva y que ésta, a su vez esté caracterizada por las iniciativas locales (micro-economía y el papel que juegan las empresas de cualquier tipo (privadas, públicas, mixtas, cooperativas, etc y los empresarios en cada una de ellas. Estos recursos económicos y productivos, unidades encargadas de organizar los factores productivos, se convierten en piezas fundamentales para lograr el crecimiento económico y la generación de empleo. El conocimiento detallado del tejido local de empresas, esto es, el conjunto de empresas y sus relaciones o los eslabonamientos productivos, resultan fundamentales para diseñar una estrategia de fomento productivo local. La falta de información sobre estos aspectos decisivos constituye una dificultad importante para el despegue de los procesos de desarrollo territorial. Aquí se ejemplariza en el caso de la Vega Media de Sevilla, resaltándose la posibilidad de establecer estrategias de sostenibilidad territorial, en una zona de contacto urbano-rural como es ésta, en función al aprovechamiento de los sistemas socio-productivos locales.

  16. Training courses on radiation protection organized by the radioisotopes service of the University of Sevilla (Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mateos, J. C.; Avalos, J.; Garcia-Leon, M.; Garcia-Tenorio, R.; Gomez-Puerto, A.; Gomez, M.; Herrador, M-; Lejeune, J.; Luis-simon, J.; Marquez, A.; Maranon, J.; Respaldiza, M. A.; Sanchez-Angulo, C.; Sanchez-Doblado, F.; Sarmiento, J. M.

    2003-01-01

    The University of Sevilla (Spain) through its Radioisotope Service has been organizing bi annually since 1995 Training courses for Supervisors and Operators of Radioactive Installations for university investigators that use radioactive sources or radiation equipment. The courses are imparted by professors from the university radioactive installations, hospital physicist specialists from medical physics services and medical doctors from prevention labour health service. The students are postgraduate students or professors that need operate, with ionising radiation in their research laboratories. Up to date, it has been organized 4 courses series with an average of 30 students per course. The courses are homologated by the Nuclear Security Council and let the student obtain the license for Supervisors or Operators of Radioactive Installations in each of the following applications fields. a) Laboratories with Non-Encapsulated Sources. This application includes research activities in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Medicine and Pharmacy. b) Radiation Generator Equipment. This last one includes equipment such as X-Ray apparatus for diffraction studies in physics chemistry and art sciences, or Particle Accelerator for atomic physics research in the National Accelerator Centre. The practical sessions of the courses are imparted in the radioactive installations of the Seville university. In this study it is described the details of the organization of the courses. (Author) 4 refs

  17. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils. Volume VI.- Andalucia (a): Jaen, Cordoba, Sevilla and Huelva

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trueba, C; Milian, R.; Schmid, T.; Lago, C.; Roquero, C; Magister, M.

    1999-01-01

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. Depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source, the information compiled from the available bibliography is very heterogeneous. Therefore, an important effort has been made to normalize and process the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the provinces of Jaen, Cordoba, Sevilla and Huelva of the Comunidad Autonoma de Andalucia. (Author) 67 refs

  18. Estacionamientos subterráneos, en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López Saiz, J. M.

    1969-02-01

    Full Text Available Work on five underground parking sites in Madrid was initiated in September 1967. These parking sites were rented by the Madrid Town Council to the firm Estacionamientos Subterráneos, S. A. The engineering, design, and traffic and construction planning of these parking sites was allocated to Viales y Estacionamientos, S. A., whilst the actual construction was carried out by the firm Huarte y Cía., S. A. The five parking sites were located at the Paseo Calvo Sotelo, Plaza del Marqués de Salamanca, Plaza Mayor, Plaza de las Cortes and at Calle de Fuencarral, all within the centre of Madrid. These projects are of special interest, since each design represents an advance with respect to the earlier ones in regard to their structural and functional arrangements, with a view to achieving easier construction and less interference with road and pedestrian traffic. In the present article a description is given of each the five parking sites, following the sequence of their construction, which corresponds to the order in which they were design and planned.En septiembre de 1967 comenzaron las obras de cinco estacionamientos subterráneos en Madrid, adjudicadas por el Ayuntamiento en régimen de concesión a Estacionamientos Subterráneos, S. A. Los trabajos de ingeniería de tráfico, proyecto y control fueron encomendados a Viales y Estacionamientos, Sociedad Anteima (VIESA, y la ejecución de las obras se contrató con Huarte y Cía., S. A. Las ubicaciones de los estacionamientos cuya realización se comenta en este artículo son: Paseo de Calvo Sotelo, Plaza del Marqués de Salamanca - Plaza Mayor - Plaza de las Cortes - Calle de Fuencarral. Nos parece muy interesante exponer estas realizaciones, en las que se ve una clara evolución en su esquema estructural y la relación de éste con el esquema funcional, para lograr una mayor facilidad en la ejecución de las obras, junto con una interferencia mínima en superficie con los tráficos rodado y de

  19. The hydrogen refuelling plant in Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giron, E.; Saez, A.; Julia, A.

    2005-07-01

    Since the late days of spring 2003, a hydrogen refuelling station is operating in Madrid to provide fuel to a set of four FC-buses running in the frame of the European demonstration projects CUTE and CITYCELLS. This station is located at one of the EMT(1) bus depot premises. The station was designed and built for the EMT by the consortium 'esH2' composed by the industrial gases manufacturer Air Liquide Espana, the energy utility Gas Natural SDG and the oil company Repsol YPF. (Author)

  20. Ruta Geomonumental por Manzanares el Real (Madrid)

    OpenAIRE

    Freire-Lista, David M.; Fort, Rafael; Varas Muriel, María José

    2017-01-01

    Manzanares el Real tiene un amplio patrimonio geológico. Está ubicado en el Parque Natural de la Sierra de Guadarrama (Madrid) y sus características geológicas y monumentales posibilitan acciones de divulgación científica. Las Rutas Geomonumentales tienen como objetivo principal mostrar a la sociedad el patrimonio cultural, dándole un uso turístico y didáctico. Estas rutas combinan valores arquitectónicos e históricos con la geología y la conservación del patrimonio. El granito es la piedra d...

  1. Summary report of MINSIS workshop in Madrid

    CERN Document Server

    Alonso, Rodrigo; Blennow, Mattias; Coloma, Pilar; de Gouvea, Andre; Fernandez-Martinez, Enrique; Gavela, Belen; Gonzalez-Garcia, Concha; Hortner, Sergio; Laveder, Marco; Li, Tracey; Lopez-Pavon, Jacobo; Maltoni, Michele; Mena, Olga; Migliozzi, Pasquale; Ota, Toshihiko; Ruiz, Sergio Palomares; Para, Adam; Parke, Stephen J; Rius, Nuria; Schwetz-Mangold, Thomas; Soler, F J P; Sorel, Michel; Yasuda, Osamu; Winter, Walter

    2010-01-01

    Recent developments on tau detection technologies and the construction of high intensity neutrino beams open the possibility of a high precision search for non-standard {\\mu} - {\\tau} flavour transition with neutrinos at short distances. The MINSIS - Main Injector Non-Standard Interaction Search- is a proposal under discussion to realize such precision measurement. This document contains the proceedings of the workshop which took place on 10-11 December 2009 in Madrid to discuss both the physics reach as well as the experimental requirements for this proposal.

  2. General and biochemical properties of forest soils on serpentinized areas of Galicia; Propiedades generales y bioquimicas de suelos forestales en areas serpentinizadas de Galicia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pena, Wagner; Briceno, Jorge A., E-mail: wpenac@cia.ucr.ac.c [Univ. de Costa Rica, Centro de Investigaciones Agronomicas (Costa Rica); Leiros de la Pena, Maria del Carmen [Univ. de Santiago de Compostela, Dept. Edafologia y Quimica Agricola (Spain)

    2005-07-15

    The use agricultural and forest soils is normal in the territory of the Autonomous Community of Galicia for submitting the physical, chemical and agroclimatic optimum. The region has areas by the characteristics of the environment has been impossible to use agricultural and forestry. Serpentinite soils developed on frequently drew attention to the high degree of infertility, caused by nutrient deficiency and excess toxic metal content. The results of general physical and chemical properties have been analyzed of the total metal content and biochemical parameters of 28 soils on serpentinite in A Coruna Galicia, Spain. The infertility of soil organic matter, nutrients and low microbial activity and biochemistry have been caused by high level of pH and nutritional imbalance due to the high content of Mg{sup 2+}. OM (organic matter) content, total N, soluble P and exchangeable K{sup +}, were lower due to the underdevelopment of vegetation and the potential toxic effects that have metal on the biological activity in the middle. (author) [Spanish] El uso agricola y forestal de los suelos es normal en el territorio de la Comunidad Autonoma de Galicia por haber presentado las condiciones fisicas, quimicas y agroclimaticas optimas. La region tiene zonas que por las caracteristicas del medio ha sido imposible el uso agricola y forestal. Los suelos desarrollados sobre serpentinita es frecuente que hayan llamado la atencion por el elevado grado de infertilidad, provocado por la deficiencia de nutrimentos y por el exceso contenido en metales toxicos. Los resultados de las propiedades generales fisicas y quimicas han sido analizados del contenido total de metales y de parametros bioquimicos de 28 suelos sobre serpentinita en A Coruna, Galicia, Espana. La infertilidad de los suelos de materia organica, nutrimentos y baja actividad microbiana y bioquimica han sido causadas por el alto nivel de pH y el desbalance nutricional por el alto contenido de Mg{sup 2+}. El contenido de MO

  3. Psychiatric Comorbidity in Patients from the Addictive Disorders Assistance Units of Galicia: The COPSIAD Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereiro, César; Pino, Carlos; Flórez, Gerardo; Arrojo, Manuel; Becoña, Elisardo

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity in patients under treatment within the addictive disorders assistance units of Galicia (Spain). Material and Methods A total of 64 healthcare professionals performed clinical diagnosis of mental disorders (on DSM IV-TR criteria) in 2300 patients treated throughout March 2010 in 21 addictive disorders assistance units. Results 56.3% of patients with substance abuse/dependency also showed some other mental disorder, 42.2% of patients suffering from at least an Axis I condition and 20.2% from some Axis II condition. Mood and anxiety disorders and borderline and antisocial personality disorders were the most frequent disorders in both axes. Conclusions A high comorbidity was found between mental and substance use disorders (SUD) in patients seen at the addictive disorders assistance units of Galicia. PMID:23823135

  4. Psychiatric Comorbidity in Patients from the Addictive Disorders Assistance Units of Galicia: The COPSIAD Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    César Pereiro

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of psychiatric comorbidity in patients under treatment within the addictive disorders assistance units of Galicia (Spain.A total of 64 healthcare professionals performed clinical diagnosis of mental disorders (on DSM IV-TR criteria in 2300 patients treated throughout March 2010 in 21 addictive disorders assistance units.56.3% of patients with substance abuse/dependency also showed some other mental disorder, 42.2% of patients suffering from at least an Axis I condition and 20.2% from some Axis II condition. Mood and anxiety disorders and borderline and antisocial personality disorders were the most frequent disorders in both axes.A high comorbidity was found between mental and substance use disorders (SUD in patients seen at the addictive disorders assistance units of Galicia.

  5. Characterization and differentiation of monovarietal grape pomace distillate from native varieties of Galicia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Vázquez, Cristina; Bollaín, María Herminia; Moser, Sergio; Orriols, Ignacio

    2010-09-08

    Monovarietal grape pomace distillates (orujo) of six native varieties of Vitis vinifera L. from Galicia (Albarino, Treixadura, Godello, Loureira, Dona Branca, and Torrontes) have been thoroughly analyzed considering esters, alcohols, major aldehydes, monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, norisoprenoids, and diterpenes. Albarino and Loureira distillates showed similar profiles of terpenic compounds, with the Loureira products having higher contents of monoterpenols. Native Torrontes distillate from Galicia is principally characterized by marked levels of some sesquiterpenes such as cadinene isomers and epizonarene. On the other hand, Treixadura, Godello, and Dona Branca grape pomace distillates seem not to have any marked terpenic content, and their single separation is difficult. PCA data treatments showed a good separation among the terpenic-rich varieties. Also, the p-menthen-9-al isomers, typical flavors in honey citrus and dill herb (derived from 8-hydroxylinalool), are reported for the first time in grape pomace distillate.

  6. Estudio sobre tuberculosis en un distrito sanitario de Sevilla: Situación y alternativas de mejora en el control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Limón Mora Juan

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La situación actual en nuestro entorno (Distrito, Sevilla, Andalucía, España, donde no es raro observar incidencias anuales de TBC por encima de 30 casos nuevos por 100.000 habitantes, señala que el problema no está próximo, a ser erradicado. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo describir los patrones clínicos y de salud pública de presentación de la tuberculosis en el ámbito del Distrito Sanitario «Sevilla Este-Sur». Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de los casos de tuberculosis declarados (características personales, lugar, tiempo, tipo de enfermedad, factores de riesgos durante el periodo 1992- 2000 en el distrito sanitario «Sevilla Este-Sur», situado en la ciudad de Sevilla y con algunos núcleos rurales. Se calculan la distribución porcentual de casos para los distintos factores estudiados y las tasas de incidencia en variables de interés (sexo, grupos edad, áreas geográficas. Resultados: Se ha estimado una incidencia media anual de 19,4 casos / 100.000 habitantes. Existen diferencias en la incidencia por sexo (RR=2,1, por grupos de edad (incidencia anual por encima de 24 casos /100.000 habitantes en los niños de 0-4 y adultos 25-39 años de edad y zona geográfica. Se observa la frecuencia de recidivas y repeticiones de tratamientos, así como carencias en la realización o comunicación de los estudios de familiares y contactos, observándose problemas de mal cumplimiento terapéutico y deficiencias de control en el entorno de los pacientes. Conclusiones: El análisis de la situación en un distrito sanitario como el que se describe (alrededor de 610.000 habitantes en la actualidad durante nueve años de seguimiento y con 1.065 casos declarados, puede orientar sobre una situación más general en nuestro entorno, posibilitando comparaciones con otros estudios. Se observa una tendencia descendente de la incidencia desde 1997. Se señalan algunas medidas organizativas a tener en cuenta para el control de la infección.

  7. Technical Note: Alterations in the stone masonry of the Capitol Room of Sevilla City Hall

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Navarro, J.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this work has been to determine the causes of stone loss (small particles and one larger piece and mortar loss in the coffered vault of the Capitol Room in the City Hall of Seville. The analyses and assays carried out during the course of this research have revealed that this masonry comprises a covering of oil paints over mortar-stucco of calcite, quartz, gypsum,and lead white with linseed oil when the walls were not covered. In addition, it was confirmed that the installation of air-conditioning caused a change in the humidity and temperature in the vault, aggravated by the elimination of the cross-ventilation that the structure had since it was built. The combination of these two circumstances likely triggered the pathology in the masonry.Este trabajo ha tenido como objetivo principal determinarlas causas que han originado desprendimientos de partículas y un fragmento importante de las piedras y del mortero que conforman la bóveda-artesonado de la Sala Capitular del Ayuntamiento de Sevilla. Los diferentes análisis y ensayos realizados evidencian que estas fábricas tienen un revestimiento realizado a base de pinturas al óleo sobre estuco-mortero de calcita, cuarzo, yeso y presencia de blanco de plomo con impregnación de aceite de linaza, en tanto que las fábricas de los muros no tienen revestimiento alguno. Igualmente se ha constatado el cambio de la humedad-temperatura ambiental en la bóveda, generado por la implantación de aire acondicionado y la eliminación de la ventilación cruzada natural que tenía desde su construcción. La conjunción de ambas acciones parece ser el desencadenante de las anomalías reseñadas.

  8. Prestige oil spill information and assessment Galicia, Spain January 20-22, 2003 : Meeting summaries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2003-01-01

    In mid-November 2002, an oil spill occurred off the coast of northwest Spain when the tanker, Prestige, broke apart and sank. The vast majority of the heavy fuel oil it transported was released into the sea along 900 kilometres of Spanish coastline. More than 20,000 people were affected as bans on fish and shellfish harvesting were issued. A delegation from Newfoundland left for Galicia, Spain in December 2002, to learn from the experience in an effort to enhance spill prevention and response for the Newfoundland and Labrador coastline. A brief overview of the Galicia region of Spain was provided, followed by general information concerning the jurisdictional complexity of Galicia. A number of issues and topics were discussed, such as: marine traffic corridors, safe havens; communication with the public; oil recovery operations; compensation; spill prevention; ban on fishing and shellfish harvesting; and, fishing industry's role in response operations. Tours of the areas affected were organized for the delegation. Upon return to Newfoundland, the delegation shared their acquired information and initiated discussions with the federal government concerning intergovernmental issues on oil spill prevention and response

  9. [Influence of weather in the incidence of acute myocardial infarction in Galicia (Spain)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-García, José Manuel; Dosil Díaz, Olga; Taboada Hidalgo, Juan José; Fernández, José Ramón; Sánchez-Santos, Luis

    2015-08-07

    To assess the interactions between weather and the impact of each individual meteorological parameters in the incidence of acute myocardial infarctions (AMI) in Galicia. Retrospective study analyzing the number of AMI diagnosed and transferred to the hospital by the Emergencies Sanitary System of Galicia between 2002 and 2009. We included patients with clinical and ECG findings of AMI. The correlation between 10-minute meteorological variables (temperature, humidity, pressure, accumulated rainfall and wind speed) recorded by MeteoGalicia and the incidence of AMI was assessed. A total of 4,717 AMI were registered (72.8% men, 27.2% women). No seasonal variations were found. No significant correlations were detected with regard to average daily temperature (P=.683) or wind speed (P=.895). Correlation between atmospheric pressure and incidence of AMI was significant (P<.005), as well as with the daily relative humidity average (P=.005). Our study showed a statistical significant association with atmospheric pressure and with the daily relative humidity average. Since the local conditions of weather are widely variable, future studies should establish the relationship between weather patterns (including combinations of meteorological parameters), rather than seasonal variations, and the incidence of AMI. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  10. Cross-border mobility of workers between Galicia and north of Portugal

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    Jorge Falagán Mota

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we deal with cross-border flows of people within the Euroregion Galicia-North of Portugal, paying particular attention to those led by workers. Based on data for daily mobility between the places of residence and work (commuters, it can be defined, within this territory, the so-called Polycentric Urban Regions (PUR of Vigo and Porto. These regions should constitute significant referents of cross-border mobility, whose importance we begin to realize by estimating the movement of passengers across border crossings linking the south of Galicia and the north of Portugal. In this context, given the non-existence of official statistics, the reports prepared by the Eures Galicia/Região Norte office provide relevant information about the flow of cross-border workers in the area, which we have complemented by conducting two surveys directed, respectively, to involved workers and companies, and data from a recent study on labour mobility in the Euroregion. The evidence demonstrates the quantitative importance achieved in the territory analyzed by this interesting phenomenon of cross-border work and allows a description of its characteristics that shows the difficulties faced by the process of construction of a European labor market.

  11. De Madrid al cielo: La importancia de enfermar y morir en Madrid

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    JESÚS M. DE MIGUEL

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Una tasa de mortalidad por debajo del promedio nacional español ha hecho que Madrid se gane la reputación de lugar sano para vivir y para morir; aquí, se examina esta reputación usando datos empíricos recientes. Las estadísticas de población demuestran cómo durante los últimos sesenta años, Madrid ha mostrado un mayor crecimiento durante los años 60 y 70, un período de desarrollo económico; desde entonces el nivel de salud se ha deteriorado. La prosperidad económica por sí misma no asegura unas condiciones mejores de la salud, a causa de las desigualdades y desequilibrios en la distribución y el control de los recursos sanitarios. Los datos sobre tipos de enfermedades, causas de hospitalización y periodos de estancia, embarazos, muertes accidentales, y nacimientos, matrimonios, y los índices de mortalidad para Madrid se presentan, y son comparados con los de Barcelona y los de España en su totalidad. De igual modo se sugieren otras áreas de investigación.

  12. Impacto económico de los hoteles: aplicación en la ciudad de Sevilla

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    Miryam González Limón

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad existe un creciente interés por cuantificar el impacto económico generado por algún sector productivo o actividad económica sobre la economía nacional, regional o local. Por ello, en este artículo se van a analizar los beneficios económicos vinculados a la existencia de los hoteles de la ciudad de Sevilla, como parte fundamental del sector turístico. El objetivo es cuantificar la relevancia económica del sector de hoteles en Sevilla. Por impacto económico se entiende el efecto que produce un sector económico sobre la producción, la renta y el empleo en una determinada área geográfica y durante un período de tiempo. Dentro del impacto económico podemos diferenciar, por una parte los elementos cuantitativos, y por otra, los cualitativos.

  13. Equidad y Eficiencia del transporte público en Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    Vassallo Magro, José Manuel; Pérez de Villar Cruz, Pablo

    2008-01-01

    La política de transporte público en la Comunidad de Madrid se ha considerado tradicionalmente un éxito. En gran parte, éste se debe a la existencia del Consorcio Regional de Transportes. Sin embargo, el sistema de transporte público de Madrid recibe subvenciones cada vez mayores, lo que supone una amenaza a la viabilidad del modelo en el futuro. Este artículo analiza la evolución de la política de financiación del sistema de transporte público en Madrid en los últimos años. Del análisis llev...

  14. The collecting and recycling of organic and inorganic garbage; Situacion de la recogida selectiva y reciclaje de vidrio y papel en Galicia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soto, M.; Queiruga, B. [Universidad da Caruna (Spain)

    1999-11-01

    Galicia has made in the latest years some intents to a costume people to separate and recycle the different urban solid garbage. There has been different results depending on areas and the population of each village. In the future, Galicia has to improve the quantities of the organic and inorganic garbage that they recycle. (Author) 12 refs.

  15. La producción audiovisual en el Secretariado de Recursos Audiovisuales y Nuevas Tecnologías de la Universidad de Sevilla (SAV

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    Julio Cabero Almenara

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se presenta los diferentes tipos de producción audiovisuales que realiza el Secretariado de Recursos Audiovisuales de la Universidad de Sevilla (SAV, haciendo especial hincapié en una televisión universitaria emitida por Internet.

  16. Interchanges genesis Plan of Madrid = Génesis del plan de intercambiadores de Madrid

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    Javier Aldecoa Martínez-Conde

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The public transport, as we know it today, originates from the end of the 18 th and beginning of the 19th Centuries. Initially a privilege for the aristocratic and bourgeoisie classes, public transport saw a surge in development once communication between Madrid and others distant urban centers became a necessity that demanded a more economical and accessible transport system. The increase of these services, along with the diversification of the means of transportation, quickly caused congestion problems at transfer points. Throughout the last century, these same problems have been confronted with a variety of diverse strategies and solutions. All in all, the history of intermodality in Madrid tells the story of an evolution that has allowed the urban web to unite all of its branches extending from the main gates that are now being converted the interchanges in relation with the city. From its creation in 1985, the CRTM (transport authority of Madrid, considered the intermodality to be a main priority within the following different fields of action: infrastructure, ticketing and whole image and information. Within the interchanges is where the integration efforts of the different transport modes best become a reality. In essence, interchanges play the same role in today`s cities as the gates in the walls of a centuries-old medieval city. At this moment, interchanges are the gates to the cities of the 21st Century. Resumen El transporte público, tal como lo conocemos hoy, se origina a finales del siglo XVIII y principios del XIX. Inicialmente fue un privilegio para las clases aristocráticas y burguesas. El transporte público vio un aumento en el desarrollo una vez que la comunicación entre Madrid y otros centros urbanos distantes se convirtió en una necesidad que exigía un sistema de transporte más económico y accesible. El aumento de estos servicios, junto con la diversificación de los medios de transporte, causó rápidamente problemas

  17. Los donativos de la ciudad de Sevilla durante el reinado de Carlos II

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    Manuel Escalona Jiménez

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available La petición de cantidades extraordinarias de dinero bajo la denominación de donativos, para atender a los gatos derivados sobre todo del mantenimiento de las tropas durante las campañas militares y el abastecimiento de la Armada, fue una costumbre puesta en práctica a partir del reinado de Felipe II y continuada por sus sucesores. En el reinado de Carlos II se quiso suavizar la presión fiscal, eliminando las peticiones extraordinarias de dinero. Pero cuando surgían los conflictos bélicos el único recurso posible era el donativo, pues el resto de las cantidades recaudadas estaban ya empeñadas en otros menesteres. La ciudad de Sevilla, que se había caracterizado por la generosidad de los donativos ofrecidos al rey, no disponía ya durante la época de Carlos II del poder económico de antaño y tenía grandes dificultades para recaudar las cantidades ofrecidas y hacer frente al mismo tiempo a los donativos del reinado anterior aún pendientes, ya que los arbitrios que se imponían no daban el fruto apetecido. Por lo tanto, al final del siglo xvii no quedó otra solución que la de limitar al máximo esta forma de contribución extraordinaria a la Monarquía.The request for an extra amount of money, called donativo, in order to meet the expenses originated by the maintenance of troops during military campaigns and the suppiying of the Navy, was a practice held from Philipp ITs reign and continued by his sucessors. In Charles II's reign, a lessening of tax pression was intended, by means of removing the requests of extra money. But, in the occasion of war conflicts, the only possible resources were the donativos, because the other taxes had been already used for other needs. Seville, which would stand out for the generosity of its donativos, had not the same economic power as in past times, and was in great trouble to collect the money for the new and the oíd financial help granted to the king, because the taxes did not produce the

  18. Pabellón del club náutico de Sevilla

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    de la Peña Neila, Antonio

    1963-03-01

    Full Text Available This lightweight pavillion is a provisional design, until the permanent Social Headquarters of the Nautical Club of Seville is built. Its plan layout is L shaped, and it faces south and west, so that its main frontage has maximum sunshine during the colder months. As it was anticipated that this building should have multiple uses, so that it could serve as dining room, meeting, and lecture hall, etc., it was decided to suspend from the ceiling a kind of reed woven curtains, which due to their lightness and flexibility, make it easy to subdivide in various ways the building, according to particular requirements. An ondulated canopy and screens, which gyrate about a vertical axis, have been fitted on the outside. These are covered with cane material. Inside, the walls are white, except for a number of lines made with tiles. There is also a picture, and a stand with the sporting trophies; this being the only ornamentation. The furniture is mostly made of cloth and cane, and a number of plants is also distributed about the building, thereby contributing to create a «winter garden» atmosphere, which is highly compatible with the general layout.Este pabellón Iigero se ha construido, como solución de emergencia, basta edificar el Local Social definitivo del Club Nautico de Sevilla, Su planta en forma de ángulo y la orientación sur y oeste de las «fachadas principales» aseguran el aprovechamiento al máximo del soleamiento en los meses fríos. Como se pensó que este local tuviera múltiples utilizaciones —sirviendo de comedor, local de reunión, banquetes, conferencias, etc.— se han empleado unas esterillas de junco, colgadas del techo, que, dada su ligereza y movilidad, permiten efectuar las subdivisiones y variaciones oportunas con un esfuerzo mínimo. Exteriormente existen una visera ondulada y unas pantallas giratorias, en sentido vertical, cubiertas de cañas, e, interiormente, las paredes blancas interrumpidas por unas líneas de cer

  19. Experiencias sociales y educativas en los procesos de participación con niñas y niños jóvenes en la ciudad de Sevilla entre los años 2005/2008.

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz Morales, Jorge

    2014-01-01

    Este trabajo de investigación social y educativa surge de las experiencias profesionales y personales vividas por el investigador en relación con los procesos de dinamización y participación con niños/as, chavales/as y jóvenes de la Ciudad de Sevilla, en el contexto de los Presupuestos Participativos, en el CEIP Adriano como estudio de caso, y en los procesos que se vivieron en Pino Montano. Este trabajo goza de actualidad con la puesta en marcha en Sevilla del proyecto “Sevilla Ciudad Amiga ...

  20. Energy, materials and water in industrial activities in Galicia (Spain); Energia, Materiales y Agua en la Industria Manufacturera Gallega

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Doldan Garcia, X. R.

    2003-07-01

    The Galicia industrial activities request a big amount of raw materials energy and water, generating several kinds of residues. Most of them directly spoil the environment, causing important damages. Furthermore, the primary energy self supply capacity doesn't exist at this moment, being substituted by high levels of energetic resources importations satisfying industrial demand without decreasing the electricity and petroleum products exportations. This article tries to develop a complete analysis of this kind of problems, making an approach to the environmental situation of the Galicia manufacturing industry through materials, energy and water flow models. It focuses in those sectors which have a remarkable production within the Galicia industry, analysing their situation in two different years, 1992 and 2000. This will allow to identify possible tendencies of the industry as a whole, like a relative dematerialization, followed by a complete rematerialization.

  1. Los inicios de la crisis del bachillerato tradicional en Galicia (1900-1930 The crisis of the traditional model of Secondary Education in Galicia (1900-1930

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    Carmen BENSO CALVO

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza el alcance y características de la expansión del bachillerato en Galicia a principios del siglo XX. El objetivo es valorar hasta qué punto, en esta parte del territorio español, se produce la crisis del modelo tradicional de bachillerato iniciándose el proceso hacia la enseñanza secundaria moderna. El incremento de la matrícula, la incorporación de la mujer a la segunda enseñanza, la extracción social y procedencia geográfica del alumnado y los niveles de éxito/fracaso del bachillerato gallego de la época, son los aspectos más importantes que se analizan en este trabajo.Este artículo analiza el alcance y características de la expansión del bachillerato en Galicia a principios del siglo XX. El objetivo es valorar hasta qué punto, en esta parte del territorio español, se produce la crisis del modelo tradicional de bachillerato iniciándose el proceso hacia la enseñanza secundaria moderna. El incremento de la matrícula, la incorporación de la mujer a la segunda enseñanza, la extracción social y procedencia geográfica del alumnado y los niveles de éxito/fracaso del bachillerato gallego de la época, son los aspectos más importantes que se analizan en este trabajo.

  2. The peculiarities of the direct method usage in teaching speaking Foreign languages in Galicia and Bukovina (1890–1918

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    Bohdana Labinska

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The given article researches the peculiarities of the usage of the direct method in teaching foreign language speaking in Galicia and Bukovina (1890–1918. It analyses the preconditions of appearance of the direct method of teaching of foreign languages, the influence of contiguous sciences on the methodology of teaching of foreign languages. The peculiarities of realization of the direct method of teaching of foreign languages in Galicia and Bukovina is observed in the article. The methodology of teaching of foreign language speaking in the process of realization of the direct method in the west of Ukraine is described.

  3. Imported malaria in pregnancy in Madrid

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    Jiménez Beatriz C

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malaria in pregnancy is associated with maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality in endemic areas, but information on imported cases to non-endemic areas is scarce. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of malaria in pregnancy in two general hospitals in Madrid, Spain. Methods Retrospective descriptive study of laboratory-confirmed malaria in pregnant women at the Fuenlabrada University Hospital and the Príncipe de Asturias University Hospital, in Madrid, over a six- and 11-year period, respectively. Relevant epidemiological, clinical and laboratory data was obtained from medical records. Results There were 19 pregnant women among 346 malaria cases (5.4%. The average age was 27 years. The gestational age (trimester was: 53% 3rd, 31% 1st, 16% 2nd. All but one were multigravidae. Three were HIV positive. All were sub-Saharan immigrants: two were recently arrived immigrants and seventeen (89% had visited friends and relatives. None had taken prophylaxis nor seeked pre-travel advice. Presentation: 16 symptomatic patients (fever in fourteen, asthenia in two, three asymptomatic. Median delay in diagnosis: 7.5 days. Laboratory tests: anaemia (cut off Hb level 11 g/dl 78.9% (mild 31.6%, moderate 31.6%, severe 15.8% thrombocytopaenia 73.7%, hypoglycaemia 10.5%. All cases were due to Plasmodium falciparum, one case of hyperparasitaemia. Quinine + clindamycin prescribed in 84%. Outcomes: no severe maternal complications or deaths, two abortions, fifteen term pregnancies, no low-birth-weight newborns, two patients were lost to follow-up. Conclusions Though cases of malaria in pregnancy are uncommon, a most at risk group is clearly defined: young sub-Saharan mothers visiting friends and relatives without pre-travel counselling and recently-arrived immigrants. The most common adverse maternal and foetal effects were anaemia and stillbirth. Given that presentation can be asymptomatic

  4. Environmental Determinants of the Occurrence and Distribution of Vibrio parahaemolyticus in the Rias of Galicia, Spain▿

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Urtaza, Jaime; Lozano-Leon, Antonio; Varela-Pet, Jose; Trinanes, Joaquin; Pazos, Yolanda; Garcia-Martin, Oscar

    2008-01-01

    Infections associated with Vibrio parahaemolyticus on the coast of Galicia (in northwestern Spain) were reported to be linked to large outbreaks of illness during 1999 and 2000. Little information is available about the ecological factors that influence the emergence of V. parahaemolyticus infections in this temperate region. We carried out a 3-year study to investigate the occurrence and distribution of V. parahaemolyticus at 26 sites located in the four main rias of Galicia in association with environmental and oceanographic variables. V. parahaemolyticus was detected in all the areas investigated and throughout the complete period of study with an overall incidence of 12.5%. Salinity was the primary factor governing the temporal and spatial distribution of V. parahaemolyticus, whereas seawater temperature had a secondary effect and only modulated the abundance in periods and areas of reduced salinities. Higher occurrence of V. parahaemolyticus was observed during periods of lower salinity in autumn, with a total of 61 positive samples (18%) and a mean density of 1,234 most probable number/100 g. V. parahaemolyticus was primarily detected in areas of reduced salinity close to freshwater discharge points, where it was found in up to 45% of the samples. Characterization of the isolates obtained from the study resulted in the first identification of two pathogenic tdh-positive strains of V. parahaemolyticus recovered from the marine environment in Galicia. These isolates showed serotypes identical to and DNA profiles indistinguishable from those of the clinical clone of V. parahaemolyticus dominant in infections in Spain in the last 10 years. PMID:17981951

  5. Gestión proactiva de crisis en el turismo: una experiencia de estudio en Galicia

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    Diego Rodríguez-Toubes Muñiz

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The potential impacts of negative events that may affect tourist destinations have multiplied in recent years. Tourism is a fragmented and diverse sector so is difficult to establish the form of crisis management should be carried out. Different models make this task easier with particular focus on the preparation and planning for better coordination between the various actors involved in resolution of the crisis. Collaborative planning is a form of crisis management rarely used and generates a culture committed to solving problems in times of crisis. A series of interviews with responsible tourism in Galicia seems to confirm this insight.

  6. ¡Viva el-Rey! Rey imaginario y revuelta en la Galicia bajomedieval

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    Carlos BARROS

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En el otoño de la Edad Media la representación gallega del Rey estaba condicionada por una circunstancia excepcional: Galicia era un reino sin rey propio. Desde el visigodo Leovigildo (año 585 hasta los Reyes Católicos, quitando los paréntesis altomedievales1, el Rey de los gallegos no era otro que el rey hispano occidental: Rey de Asturias, Rey de León, Rey de Castilla y León, Reyes de Castilla y Aragón.

  7. Nueva Galicia en las relaciones geográficas de Felipe II: aspectos urbanos

    OpenAIRE

    López Guzmán, Rafael

    2008-01-01

    extraer la información de carácter urbanístico contenida en las mismas y referida a lo que fue el territorio de la Audiencia de la Nueva Galicia entre 1575 y 1585, aproximadamente. Su especial situación en la frontera norte del virreinato de la Nueva España hizo que la ocupación con nuevas poblaciones estuviera condicionada por la presencia de indios chichimecas y, a nivel económico, por el descubrimiento de minas. El trabajo se basa en las 12 Relaciones conservadas en la actualid...

  8. El proceso histórico del desarrollo comarcal de Galicia

    OpenAIRE

    Caridad Graña, Juan Antonio

    2013-01-01

    [Resumen] El proceso de comarcalización gallego se desarrolló en la última década del siglo XX y primeros años del siglo XXI. Este proyecto colectivo e intergeneracional imaginó una nueva Galicia. Fue planteado como una estrategia proyectual global para la definición de una estructura de organización, planificación y desarrollo, materializada físicamente en el territorio, a distintas escalas, en planes, proyectos, obras y otras realizaciones, que habían de contribuir a la vert...

  9. A contribution to the characterisation by electrophoresis of grape plant varieties cultivated in Galicia (NW Spain

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    María del Pilar Saa-Otero

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available Electrophoresis was employed as the method of study for the characterisation of Vitis vinifera varieties cultivated in Galicia (Spain. Mature dormant shoots were used for the study. The enzymatic system glucose- phosphate isomerase (GPI was analysed using the method of PARFITT and ARULSEKAR (1989. Seventeen varieties (Albariño, Dona Blanca, Godello, Loureira, Treixadura, Torrontés, Albillo, Palomino, Verdejo Blanco, Macabeo, Jerez Fina, Asal Galego, Moscatel Galego, Galego Dourado, Galego de Montemor, Brancellao, and Caiño Bravo were studied. Eight groups of phenotypes were obtained. Each one of which had clearly differentiated characteristics from more than one varity, except in the case of Garnacha.

  10. Las mujeres inmigrantes en Sevilla: salud y condiciones de trabajo. Una revisión desde la medicina social

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    MARÍA J. RÍO BENITO

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available La mayor parte de las mujeres inmigrantes que viven en Sevilla trabajan en el servicio doméstico. Sus quejas en los servicios de urgencias y de atención primaria, según la impresión de los profesionales sanitarios, van más allá de los síndromes y encierran toda su historia. La atención directa a estas mujeres en los servicios sociales y sanitarios, así como la gestión a medio-largo plazo de los servicios para el futuro, necesitan de una mirada integradora que contemple los movimientos migratorios, las nuevas relaciones laborales en la era de la globalización, las relaciones salud-género y la cultura, que lo atraviesa todo. Una mirada del profesional que intente comprender con la finalidad de reducir las desigualdades en salud evitables.

  11. El consulado genovés de Sevilla (siglos XIII-XV. Aspectos jurisdiccionales, comerciales y fiscales

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    José Damián GONZÁLEZ ARCE

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo analiza el funcionamiento del consulado genovés de Sevilla, entre los siglos XIII y XV, a partir de los privilegios concedidos por los reyes castellanos y otros documentos donde se contienen noticias sobre la actividad de estos italianos. En primer lugar, se estudian las competencias jurisdiccionales de dicho consulado y las facultades judiciales de sus cónsules. Luego son descritas las actividades mercantiles de la colonia ligur en el marco del consulado, así como otros aspectos ligados al comercio, como seguros y transportes. Y, finalmente, las exacciones fiscales a las que fueron sometidas esta colonia y las mercancías con las que traficó.

  12. Antonio Ricci en Madrid: 1586-1635

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    García López, David

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Life of painter Antonio Ricci is studied by new documents from his arrived at Escorial with Federico Zuccari in 1586. Ricci worked in the Palace of Madrid and was involved in the birth of the Academy of Painting. Here are studied his work as Painter and Appraiser, or his portrait of Philip IV of Spain and his relationship with Jeronimo Gratti, Caballero de Gracia.

    Nuevas aportaciones documentales aclaran la vida del pintor Antonio Ricci en la Corte española desde su llegada a El Escorial junto a Federico Zuccari en 1586. Ricci trabajó como pintor en el entorno palaciego y estuvo involucrado desde el principio en el intento de creación de la Academia madrileña de pintores. Se detallan aquí su trabajo como tasador, su retrato del futuro Felipe IV o su cercana relación con un personaje tan singular como Jeronimo Gratti, el Caballero de Gracia.

  13. La nueva embajada alemana, en Madrid

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    Schoebel Ungria, G.

    1967-02-01

    Full Text Available This embassy involves two buildings, which, because of their style, appropriate aspect, the fine taste of their design, and the highly efficient manner in which the volumes agree with the building site, constitutes a singular ornament to one of the best zones of Madrid. All the materials are traditional in Spanish constructional practice, and were carefully chosen: their full plastic and chromatic quality being well utilised.Los dos edificios que componen el conjunto constituyen, por su tratamiento, por su representatividad, por el gusto con que han sido construidos y por el respetuoso trato dado a los volúmenes del aprovechamiento autorizado, un ornato singular en una de las zonas más nobles y vistosas de la capital de España. Todos los materiales empleados son los tradicionales del país anfitrión y fueron elegidos con esmero, conservándolos en toda su pureza plástica de carácter y cromática.

  14. El deporte en la ciudad de Sevilla durante el siglo XV=Sports in Seville during the XVth century

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    Gonzalo Ramírez Macías

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación tiene como finalidad fundamental conocer y caracterizar los deportes que eran practicados durante el siglo XV en la ciudad de Sevilla, una de las capitales castellanas que más prosperidad experimentó en esa centuria. La primera parte de este estudio está dedicada a justificar y fundamentar la investigación, en la segunda parte se expone la metodología de investigación propuesta, la cual tiene un carácter novedoso dentro de la historia del deporte. En tercer lugar se presentan y analizan los resultados obtenidos en el estudio, que indican que los deportes practicados durante el siglo XV en la ciudad de Sevilla eran: juego de cañas, correr la sortija, correr monte, justas, torneos, carreras pedestres, carreras a caballo y correr toros. Finalmente se exponen las conclusiones de la investigación las cuales se fundamentan en los resultados de la misma y en las aportaciones de otros estudios anteriores.--------------------------------------------------------------------------The main purpose of this research is to know and characterize the sports practised during the XVth century in Seville, one of the most prosperous Castilian capitals at that time. The first part of this research is devoted to its justification and basis, whereas the second part puts forward the research methodology suggested, which has a new nature within the history of Sports. Thirdly, the results obtained in the research are presented and analysed, what points out that the sports practised during the XVth Century in Seville were: cane games,*correr la sortija, **correr monte, jousts, tournaments, races, horse races and bull races. Finally, the research conclusions are expounded, which are based on its results and on other contributions from previous researches.*Correr la sortija: A game in which two players riding horses had to catch a ring with a spear.**Correr monte: to hunt

  15. El Abasto de Pan en el Madrid del Siglo XVII Bread provision in seventeenth century Madrid

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    José Ignacio ANDRÉS UCENDO

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El mercado del pan era el más importante de los mercados de abastos, pero también el que contaba con el más complejo sistema de intervención. Los objetivos de la política de abastos eran asegurar un suministro continuo a precios estables y moderados.Los instrumentos incluían la regulación de los precios del grano y el pan, la provisión directa a través del pósito municipal y, en el caso de la corte, el pan de registro. En este trabajo examinamos la política de tasas, las disposiciones del gobierno y el comportamiento de los precios del pan en Madrid y del trigo en los mercados de origen.Bread market was the most important provision markets, so the complexity of intervention system. The aim of provision policy was to guarantee the continuous supply of bread at moderate and stable prices. The means included the regulation the price, the direct provision by the public granary and, in the case of the court, the named registered bread. This paper examines the tax policy, the government requirements and the movement of bread prices in Madrid and wheat prices in the markets of origin.

  16. A LEXICAL ANALYSIS IN GALICIA AND IN BAHIA: DESIGNATIONS FOR ‘BALD’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cezar Alexandre Neri Santos

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is part of a lexical research, providing an analysis of the semantic-lexical variation in Galician and Bahia areas and has as more latent benefit the comparison of data in Brazilian Portuguese and Galician, cognate languages within the linguistic genealogy. Thus, with regard to Galicia territory, the Atlas Lingüístico Galego will be analyzed (BLANCO; GARCIA; FERNÁNDEZ, 2005 and, with regard to Brazil, data from Bahia will be analyzed, recorded in Atlas Lingüístico de Sergipe (FERREIRA et al., 1987. The objective is to examine the linguistic designations for ‘bald’ in two biases: i semantic, providing the motive roots of name formation in the paradigmatic plane of language, understanding the language selection as a political-cultural act; ii lexicographical, checking whether these names are and how they are on historical and etymological, Portuguese and Latin Language dictionaries or not, as well as whether such lexicographical markings have meanings related to baldness. Through these Atlas it is intended to check the type of relationship that can be established between the lexicon for ‘bald’ in Galicia and in Bahia.

  17. [The popular interpretation of strokes in ancient Galicia: the dragon myth].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pías-Peleteiro, Juan M; Blanco, Miguel; Arias, Manuel; Castillo, José

    2011-05-01

    The high prevalence and mortality of stroke has consequently brought about a wide presence of this pathology in the Galician pre-scientific folk medicine. A new interpretation of stroke, linked to the local tradition around the figure of Saint James the Apostle, is presented in this paper: stroke is considered to be the result of the evil influence of a dragon. In the Codex Calixtinus, a xii century manuscript containing various materials around the figure of Saint James, a dragon is also mentioned as an obstacle for the translation of the apostolic body. The third book of Codex Calixtinus containing the narration of the translation of the dead body of James the Greater from Palestine to its likely current location in Santiago de Compostela (Galicia, Spain), also holds the major written record of the dragon of the Pico Sacro mountain. The pagan symbol of the dragon has remained in the orally-transmitted Galician folk medicine as a direct cause for neurological diseases such as stroke. For the first time, in our knowledge, the symbol of a dragon as the magical explanation for cerebral vascular disease has been described. Moreover, this mythical explanation, found only in the Galician folk medicine, is strongly linked to the legend of the translation of James the Apostle to Galicia. Such a link supports the originality of the narration in the Codex Calixtinus as opposed to other versions of the apostolic translation which can be found in other manuscripts.

  18. General and biochemical properties of forest soils on serpentinized areas of Galicia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pena, Wagner; Briceno, Jorge A.; Leiros de la Pena, Maria del Carmen

    2005-01-01

    The use agricultural and forest soils is normal in the territory of the Autonomous Community of Galicia for submitting the physical, chemical and agroclimatic optimum. The region has areas by the characteristics of the environment has been impossible to use agricultural and forestry. Serpentinite soils developed on frequently drew attention to the high degree of infertility, caused by nutrient deficiency and excess toxic metal content. The results of general physical and chemical properties have been analyzed of the total metal content and biochemical parameters of 28 soils on serpentinite in A Coruna Galicia, Spain. The infertility of soil organic matter, nutrients and low microbial activity and biochemistry have been caused by high level of pH and nutritional imbalance due to the high content of Mg 2+ . OM (organic matter) content, total N, soluble P and exchangeable K + , were lower due to the underdevelopment of vegetation and the potential toxic effects that have metal on the biological activity in the middle. (author) [es

  19. Modelling spatial patterns and temporal trends of wildfires in Galicia (NW Spain

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    Jesús Barreal

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Aim of study: The goal of this paper is to analyse the importance of the main contributing factors to the occurrence of wildfires. Area of study: We employ data from the region of Galicia during 2001-2010; although the similarities shared between this area and other rural areas may allow extrapolation of the present results. Material and Methods: The spatial dependence is analysed by using the Moran’s I and LISA statistics. We also conduct an econometric analysis modelling both, the number of fires and the relative size of afflicted woodland area as dependent variables, which depend on the climatic, land cover variables, and socio-economic characteristics of the affected areas. Fixed effects and random effect models are estimated in order to control for the heterogeneity between the Forest Districts in Galicia. Main results: Moran’s I and LISA statistics show that there is spatial dependence in the occurrence of Galician wildfires. Econometrics models show that climatology, socioeconomic variables, and temporal trends are also important to study both, the number of wildfires and the burned-forest ratio. Research highlights: We conclude that in addition to direct forest actions, other agricultural or social public plans, can help to reduce wildfires in rural areas or wildland-urban areas. Based on these conclusions, a number of guidelines are provided that may foster the development of better forest management policies in order to reduce the occurrence of wildfires.

  20. Integrated pollution prevention and control for heavy ceramic industry in Galicia (NW Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barros, M C; Bello, P; Roca, E; Casares, J J

    2007-03-22

    The heavy ceramic industry (building materials and refractory products manufacture) is an important source of pollutants to the environment. For this reason these industrial sub-sectors are included in prevention and control pollution policies, specifically those of the European Union. The IPPC Directive pays particular attention to the mineral industries, not least to the ceramic industry (epigraph 3.5, Annex I). In this paper, a methodology which is being applied to support IPPC installations and the competent administrative authority in Galicia (NW Spain) is presented. For that, the Galician heavy ceramic industry is analysed, as also are the ways to study the Best Available Techniques (BAT) with a view to establishing the emission limit values (ELV) for each specific case. Hence, a technological state of the art has been carried out for both sub-sectors, from the point of view of implementation of the IPPC in Galicia. Following this, the processes are described briefly and an analysis of the consumption and emission levels of the main pollutants is made. An inventory that includes the best environmental practices and the preventive and abatement candidate techniques as BAT was elaborated for both considered sub-sectors. An information data sheet for each candidate BAT is presented as a method to help both the industries and the competent authority to identify a candidate technique of the inventory as BAT. Three illustrative examples of the application of this procedure are presented for different emissions to environmental media for Galician installations.

  1. [Impact of the Spanish smoking laws on the exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in Galicia (2005-2011)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Ríos, Mónica; Santiago-Pérez, María Isolina; Malvar, Alberto; Jesús García, María; Seoane, Bernardo; Suanzes, Jorge; Hervada, Xurxo

    2014-01-01

    Prevalence of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke is a valuable index to assess the impact of the laws for tobacco control. The objective of this work is to analyse variations in the prevalence of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke in Galicia (Spain) between 2005, before the Law 28/2005, and 2011, after the law 42/2010. Data were obtained from five population-based independent cross-sectional studies, telephone surveys, developed in Galicia between 2005 and 2011 among population aged 16 to 74 (n=34.419). Self-reported exposure among population aged between 16 and 74 was analysed by setting and tobacco consumption by prevalence with 95% confidence intervals. Environmental tobacco smoke exposure decreased dramatically in Galicia between 2005 and 2011. In 2005, before the Law 28/2005, 95% of the population reported exposure to environmental tobacco smoke compared to 28% in 2011, after the Law 42/2010. Decrease was greater in workplaces in 2006 and in leisure time venues in 2011. After an initial decrease in 2006, exposure at home remains unchanged. An important reduction in self-reported exposure to environmental tobacco smoke occurred in Galicia in the period 2005-2011, specially after the introduction of Laws 28/2005 and 42/2010. Nevertheless, one in four of the population aged 16 to 74 remained exposed in 2011. Copyright © 2013 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  2. Tentativas para promover la industria del jabón en la Galicia setecentista

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    Meijide Pardo, Antonio

    1991-12-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    Ha sido en el fructífero reinado de Carlos III cuando comienzan a adoptarse firmemente las primeras providencias a fin de impulsar lo más posible la industria nacional del jabón, cuyo principal punto de arranque atañe entonces a las ciudades de Sevilla, Alicante y Elche, con el claro designio de eludir la habitual y masiva introducción del artículo extranjero. Tal decisión política de apoyo oficial a empresarios privados habría de permitir, con inmediatez, la proliferación en diversos puntos de la geografía peninsular de numerosas fábricas de jabón, cuyo gran impulso vióse muy propiciado por la extraordinaria abundancia de aceite, sosa y barrilla.

  3. Distribution of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, and Zn) in sediment profiles associated to Rhizophora mangle in Sevilla River - Cienaga Grande de Santa Marta, Colombia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parra, Juan Pablo; Espinosa, Luisa Fernanda

    2008-01-01

    In order to evaluate the vertical distribution of the heavy metals Pb, Cd, and Zn in sediments associated to Rhizophora mangle plants, potentially bioavailable and not bioavailable concentrations of these metals were determined in three sediment cores collected in the Sevilla River, Cienaga Grande de Santa Marta. Measurements were carried out by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry. The results showed that in Sevilla River mangrove ecosystem these metals are accumulated principally in non-bioavailable forms, this means that a great part or them are retained in the sediment. The retention of Pb, Cd, and Zn in the sediments of this mangrove ecosystem is strongly related to the physicochemical parameters pH, salinity, and redox potential, and to organic matter, and silt and clays contents

  4. New Madrid seismotectonic study. Activities during fiscal year 1982

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buschbach, T.C.

    1984-04-01

    The New Madrid Seismotectonic Study is a coordinated program of geological, geophysical, and seismological investigations of the area within a 200-mile radius of New Madrid, Missouri. The study is designed to define the structural setting and tectonic history of the area in order to realistically evaluate earthquake risks in the siting of nuclear facilities. Fiscal year 1982 included geological and geophysical studies aimed at better definition of the east-west trending fault systems - the Rough Creek and Cottage Grove systems - and the northwest-trending Ste. Genevieve faulting. A prime objective was to determine the nature and history of faulting and to establish the relationship with that faulting and the northeast-trending faults of the Wabash Valley and New Madrid areas. 27 references, 61 figures

  5. La construcción de la marca Madrid

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    Elia Canosa Zamora

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante los últimos veinte años, los sucesivos gobiernos de Madrid, han centrado en el posicionamiento internacional de la ciudad sus expectativas de desarrollo económico, de transformación urbana y de bienestar ciudadano. La construcción de la Marca Madrid forma parte de esta estrategia que ha terminado por convertirse en el eje director de gestión y la ordenación urbana. La relevancia de este fenómeno se analizará en tres vertientes fundamentales: valorando el significado de la opción oficial de Madrid ciudad global, planteando el ascenso de la imagen como base vertebradora de las operaciones destinadas a favorecer esta internacionalización y profundizando en el valor de la arquitectura como icono urbano.

  6. The Social ecology of Madrid: Stratification in comparative perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abrahamson, M; Johnson, P

    1974-08-01

    This paper examines the characteristics of residential zones in Madrid, Spain. The primary difference between zones is found to lie in a new bourgeoisie life-style dimension. Working women are found to be the best indicator of this dimension, which also involves servants, natives of Madrid and high degrees of literacy. Fertility-related considerations, however, are unrelated to working women, and this is explained as due to the availability of domestic help and "women-oriented" working arrangements. Fertility and socioeconomic status are found to be interrelated and constitute a second dimension of residential segregation. In conclusion, Madrid is examined in relation to both more and less industrialized cities, leading to a further modification of social area theory contentions concerning the ecology of stratification in developing cities.

  7. Assembly of Drift Tubes (DT) Chambers at CIEMAT (Madrid)

    CERN Multimedia

    Jesus Puerta-Pelayo

    2003-01-01

    The construction of muon drift tube chambers (DT) has been carried out in four different european institutes: Aachen (Germany), CIEMAT-Madrid (Spain), Legnaro and Turin (Italy), all of them following similar procedures and quality tests. Each chamber is composed by three or two independent units called superlayers, with four layers of staggered drift cells each. The assembly of a superlayer is a succesive glueing of aluminium plates and I-beams with electrodes previously attached, forming a rectangular and gas-tight volume. These pictures illustrate the various processes of material preparation, construction, equipment and assembly of full chambers at CIEMAT (Madrid).

  8. Madrid en el siglo XXI. Transformaciones y retos de su realidad social. La Realidad Social de Madrid Vol. II

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    Mª del Pilar Gomiz Pascual

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Madrid en el siglo XXI. Transformaciones y retos de su realidad social  es el título elegido por la Asociación Madrileña de Sociología (AMS para el segundo volumen de lo que pretende ser una trilogía sobre la Realidad Social de Madrid. Tras el éxito del trabajo realizado con el primer volumen, Antonio Lucas Marín, Carmen Cortés Beltrán y Dolores Cáceres Zapatero, vuelven a coordinar un proyecto excelente donde se da un paso más al esfuerzo comenzado con la edición anterior por dar a conocer aspectos nuevos de la estructura social del Madrid del siglo XXI, aportando enfoques y matices que quedaron sin analizar entonces. 

  9. Attitude of ukrainian left Galicia institutions to church and religion (late nineteenth century – the first third of the twentieth century

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    I. I. Begej

    2015-05-01

    Nevertheless, sometimes, frankly erroneous judgment, theoretical and practical heritage activities Ukrainian Galicia from the left end of the XIX i in the first third of the twentieth century church religious sphere remain valid and instructive.

  10. Violencia rural intercomunitaria no sueste de Galicia. Un caso concreto: Moialde contra San Pedro de Pousada

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    Alonso Gayoso, Emilio

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work is make an approximation to the research about the rural violence across the analysis of the conflict between two villages in the southeast of Galicia (Santa Maria de Moialde and San Pedro de Pousada, by economic and social causes, means of a cualitative research and the interview of several witness, with the design to determinate the most probable causes of the conflict between the communities, in economic and social nature. With the obtained dates, we reach to the conclusion that the most part of the rural conflict in the studied ambit begin in the competition to access to the single women and to the comunal goods, needful to the daily survival.El objetivo de este trabajo es realizar una aproximación al estudio de la violencia rural a través del análisis de los conflictos entre dos aldeas del sudeste de Galicia (Santa María de Moialde y San Pedro de Pousada, tanto por motivos económicos como sociales, mediante una investigación cualitativa y la entrevista de varios testigos, con la intención de determinar las causas más probables de los conflictos entre comunidades, tanto de naturaleza social como económica. A partir de los datos obtenidos se llega a la conclusión de que la mayoría de los conflictos rurales en el ámbito estudiado se originan en la competencia por las mujeres solteras y por el acceso a los bienes comunales, necesarios para la supervivencia cotidiana. [gl] O obxectivo deste traballo é facer unha aproximación ao estudo da violencia rural a través da análise dos conflitos entre dúas aldeas do sueste de Galicia (Santa María de Moialde e San Pedro de Pousada, tanto por motivos económicos como sociais, mediante unha investigación cualitativa e a entrevista de varias testemuñas, coa intención de determinar as causas máis probables dos conflitos entre comunidades, tanto de natureza social como económica. A partir dos datos obtidos chégase á conclusión de que a maioría dos conflitos

  11. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils.- Volume I-Galicia; Base de Datos de Propiedades Edafologicas de los Suelos Espanoles. Volumen I.- Galicia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trueba, C; Millan, R; Schmid, T; roquero, C; Magister, M

    1998-12-01

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. Depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source, the information compiled from the available bibliography is very heterogeneous. Therefore, an important effort has been made to normalize and process the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the Comunidad Autonoma de Galicia. (Author) 30 refs.

  12. Transfer knowledge and technology in Madrid; La transferencia de conocimiento y tecnologia en la comunidad de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vicente Oliva, M. de; Manera Bassa, J.; Martin del Peso, M.

    2010-07-01

    This paper aims to establish a typology of business behaviour patterns related to Knowledge and Technology Transfer (KTT), as well as an assessment of the situation of the transference process from the Madrid Region companies point of view. Working with data obtained from a survey designed and carried out by the authors to the companies registered in Madrid database and, as a consequence, knowing KTT, we have built groups of enterprises with different behaviours. To obtain the groups we have used cluster techniques over the factors resulting from a correspondence analysis. (Author) 24 refs.

  13. De sindicato clandestino a organización. La UGT de Sevilla durante la Transición

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Ponce Alberca

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Después de su legalización, la UGT de Sevilla celebró su primer Congreso en julio de 1978. Todavía entonces era un sindicato muy limitado, carente de una amplia estructura or-gánica. La Unión Provincial diseñó una estrate-gia de expansión atendiendo cuatro frentes simultáneos: en primer lugar, la adaptación del sindicato al nuevo régimen democrático; en segundo lugar, clarificar sus relaciones con el PSOE en el nuevo contexto; el tercer frente fue la expansión orgánica y militante; y por último, el diseño de las directrices de lo que sería su labor sindical en la capital y la provincia.  Palabras clave: Transición, sindicalismo, UGT, Sevilla.  _______________ Abstract: After being legalized, the UGT (Social-ist General Workers Union in Seville held its first Congress in July 1978. At the time, it re-mained a low-profile labour union lacking a clear organizational structure. The provincial UGT in Seville thus designed an expansion strategy consisting of four elements: adapting the labour union to a new democratic context; clarifying its relations with the Socialist Party (PSOE; expanding the union’s membership and structure in the province; and, finally, establish-ing guidelines for its future activity.  Keywords: Political change, trade unions, socialism, Seville. 96 800x600 Normal 0 21 false false false ES JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman";}

  14. Las atarazanas de Sevilla: entre la construcción y la arquitectura

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    Molino Barrero, Julia

    2005-06-01

    para acondicionarlo a la habitabilidad genérica sea cual fuese su futuro destino.La tercera intervención que propusimos y llevamos a cabo, se centró en la transformación de la antigua Fundición de Artillería en una nueva sala que denominamos “Sala Fundición Atarazanas”. El objeto del proyecto consistió en aclimatar el espacio, dotándolo, mediante una nueva cubierta adaptada, a las exigencias de confort climático, acústico y lumínico; y de unos cerramientos de los arcos que no mermaran la identidad de los mismos ni la continuidad perceptiva del conjunto.Sevilla es un lugar de calor en verano y de humedad en invierno. Era necesario airear, ventilar y acondicionar con frío y calor la sala. El aire acondicionado de la sala se distribuye por la espina dorsal de la cubierta. El retorno bajo las gradas se conecta y hace funcionar de nuevo la vieja chimenea.Estas nuevas formas, estos materiales de hoy que permiten la palabra y el silencio, el aislamiento y la continuidad, la contemplación y la actividad, deben ser aceptados por las Atarazanas de modo natural, y están propuestos desde la enseñanza que el propio edificio nos ha transmitido día a día desde su origen.La cuarta intervención fue la reparación de la Buhardilla del Cuerpo de Cabecera.Solucionar problemas esenciales, entender la verdadera entidad de las Atarazanas -entre la construcción y la arquitectura- y disponer el espacio para su uso, ha sido la constante guía de nuestras obras, y al abrirla al uso público se contribuye a su rehabilitación integral. Quizás sea ésta la razón principal de nuestro proyecto.

  15. Gestión proactiva de crisis en el turismo: una experiencia de estudio en Galicia

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    Diego Rodríguez-Toubes Muñiz

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Los impactos potenciales de acontecimientos negativos que pueden afectar a destinos turísticos se han multiplicado en los últimos años. El turismo es un sector fragmentado y diverso por lo que es difícil establecer la forma de gestión de crisis que debería llevarse a cabo. Distintos modelos facilitan esta tarea centrándose especialmente en la preparación y planificación para conseguir una mejor coordinación entre los distintos agentes implicados en la resolución de la crisis. La planificación colaborativa es una forma de gestión de crisis poco utilizada y que genera una cultura comprometida con la resolución de problemas en tiempo de crisis. Una serie de entrevistas realizadas a responsables del turismo en Galicia parecen confirmar esta idea.

  16. LA SEGURIDAD EN LA PLANIFICACIÓN TURÍSTICA DE GALICIA

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    Jaime Álvarez de la Torre

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Los impactos potenciales que pueden afectar al turismo se han incrementado en los últimos años. Una crisis es un suceso inesperado que influye en la confianza del visitante en un destino y afecta a la capacidad de seguir funcionando con normalidad. La gestión de crisis es necesaria para mantener esta confianza. La seguridad se ha convertido en un indicador más de competitividad y está cobrando importancia en la elección del destino pasando a ser una de las variables decisivas. Por estos motivos Galicia debería explotar su imagen de destino seguro como uno de sus principales atributos. Este estudio se ha llevado a cabo mediante entrevistas en profundidad con diversos expertos en distintos sectores en A Coruña y Santiago y demuestra que la seguridad es un recurso poco desarrollado en la planificación turística.

  17. ADAPTIVE STRATEGIES FOR INLAND TOURISTIC DESTINATIONS (SIL CANYON, GALICIA, NW SPAIN

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    Elena De Uña-Álvarez

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available El potencial del turismo está relacionado en gran medida con la capacidad de reorganización e innovación de los destinos. Durante los últimos quince años, la evolución del turismo en el sector occidental del Cañón del Sil (Galicia, NO España refleja las transformaciones ante momentos de crisis. Asumiendo que el turismo es un sistema adaptativo complejo, los objetivos de esta investigación sobre un destino de interior están centrados en la interpretación de las estrategias turísticas. El estudio de la evolución del destino turístico incluye la lectura de los actores clave. Las estrategias de turismo rural cambian integrando las estrategias de turismo en la naturaleza y cultural.

  18. Metodología y clasificación de tipos de paisaje en Galicia

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    Augusto Pérez-Alberti

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se exponen los resultados de las investigaciones llevadas a cabo con el fin de caracterizar los diferentes tipos de paisaje existentes en Galicia (Noroeste de España. Se ha considerado el paisaje como resultado de un sistema dinámico en que interaccionan elementos estructurales y texturales. El resultado ha sido la caracterización de 6 grupos de paisaje, en función del dominio de la dinámica natural o antrópica y 28 tipos de paisaje sobre los que incidir de forma directa de cara a su protección, gestión y ordenación.

  19. Sarracenos, moros, mudéjares y moriscos en la Galicia medieval

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    González Paz, Carlos Andrés

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available With the present article, we try to expose a general vision of the muslims, converted or not to the Christianity, in the Galician territory during the Middle Ages, from the first preserved news dated in the 8th century until ends of the 15th century; paying special attention to presence of Muslims who have turned themselves to the Christianity in this time.

    Con el presente artículo se pretende exponer una visión general de la presencia musulmana, conversa o no, en el territorio gallego durante la Edad Media, desde las primeras noticias conservadas datadas en el siglo VIII hasta finales del siglo XV; prestándole una especial atención a lo que hemos denominado «cuestión morisca», es decir, a la presencia de musulmanes convertidos al cristianismo en Galicia.

  20. Training infant education teachers in the understanding and didactic use of music in Galicia (Spain

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    María de los Ángeles López de la Calle Sampedro

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This study is part of a wider investigation on the inclusion and use of music at infant schools (3-6 years of Galicia (Spain. It presents the main findings and conclusions as regards the training of the teachers at these schools in the understanding of music and its didactic use. This study has allowed us to extract relevant conclusions about the preparation that the teachers have on music and its teaching as well as to determine their specific training needs. The conclusions drawn should, from our point of view, be necessarily born in mind in the design of the future Infant Education Teacher Training degree, which should lead to a suitable professional training for the integration of the music in the curriculum.

  1. La IED en galicia. situación actual y estrategias de futuro

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    Ramos Calvo, Agustín

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se trata de apuntar algunos de los posibles factores que pueden estar detrás de la escasa capacidad mostrada por la economía gallega para atraer a la inversión extranjera Directa (IED que se dirigió a España a lo largo del periodo 1993-2002; sugiriendo, además, una serie de medidas para contribuir a corregir ese problema, y reducir las posibles deslocalizaciones empresariales. Para ello se comparan las estructuras productivas y de la IED de España y Galicia, así como la diferencia entre la productividad parcial por trabajador y el coste por trabajador entre todas las CC.AA. españolas; ya que ésta es una de las principales variables que explica la distribución sectorial y regional de la IED en España en el periodo considerado.

  2. A model of analysis for the euroregion Galicia-Northern Portugal as a single tourism destination

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    Xulio X.Pardellas de Blas

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The new configuration of the territory in the Euroregion Galicia-Northern Portugal is in neeed of a debate on the problems related to its development,such as organization and planning of common tourist destinations.In this paper important and value cientific literature on this topic and data from a study carried out by the authors for the Eixo Atlántico in 2001 are used to implement some instruments for their application to this territory.The model presented here is a systemic design construct of this Euroregion as a common tourist destination and provides a formal structure of its elements that may be useful to administrators and planners in their analyses and decision-taking process.

  3. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils. Volume VI.- Andalucia (a): Jaen, Cordoba, Sevilla and Huelva; Base de Datos de Propiedades Edafologicas de los Suelos Espanoles. Volumen VI.- Andalucia (a): Jaen, Cordoba, Sevilla y Huelva

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trueba, C; Millan, R; Schmid, T; Lago, C [Ciemat. Madrid (Spain); Roquero, C; Magister, M [UPM. Madrid (Spain)

    1999-05-01

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Department de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. Depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source, the information compiled from the available bibliography is very heterogeneous. Therefore, an important effort has been made to normalize and process the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the provinces of Jaen, Cordoba, Sevilla and Huelva of the Comunidad Autonoma de Andalucia. (Author) 67 refs.

  4. Training courses on radiation protection organized by the radioisotopes service of the University of Sevilla (Spain); Curos de formacion en proteccion radiologica organizados por el servicio de raioisotopos de la universidad de sevilla. Espana

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mateos, J. C.; Avalos, J.; Garcia-Leon, M.; Garcia-Tenorio, R.; Gomez-Puerto, A.; Gomez, M.; Herrador, M-; Lejeune, J.; Luis-simon, J.; Marquez, A.; Maranon, J.; Respaldiza, M. A.; Sanchez-Angulo, C.; Sanchez-Doblado, F.; Sarmiento, J. M.

    2003-07-01

    The University of Sevilla (Spain) through its Radioisotope Service has been organizing bi annually since 1995 Training courses for Supervisors and Operators of Radioactive Installations for university investigators that use radioactive sources or radiation equipment. The courses are imparted by professors from the university radioactive installations, hospital physicist specialists from medical physics services and medical doctors from prevention labour health service. The students are postgraduate students or professors that need operate, with ionising radiation in their research laboratories. Up to date, it has been organized 4 courses series with an average of 30 students per course. The courses are homologated by the Nuclear Security Council and let the student obtain the license for Supervisors or Operators of Radioactive Installations in each of the following applications fields. a) Laboratories with Non-Encapsulated Sources. This application includes research activities in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Medicine and Pharmacy. b) Radiation Generator Equipment. This last one includes equipment such as X-Ray apparatus for diffraction studies in physics chemistry and art sciences, or Particle Accelerator for atomic physics research in the National Accelerator Centre. The practical sessions of the courses are imparted in the radioactive installations of the Seville university. In this study it is described the details of the organization of the courses. (Author) 4 refs.

  5. Represión en Sevilla: el tribunal de responsabilidades políticas. Fondo del Archivo Histórico Provincial de Sevilla (Repression in Seville: the court of political responsibilities. Fund of the Historical Provincial Archive of Seville

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    Antonio Rosa Félix

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El Archivo Histórico Provincial de Sevilla guarda un fondo de expedientes de Responsabilidades Políticas, procedentes del Juzgado de Primera Instancia e Instrucción de Sanlúcar la Mayor. La Ley de Responsabilidades Políticas de 1939 aglutina la normativa que los generales golpistas aplicaron desde el verano de 1936. Había que arruinar al vencido y para ello se creó esta jurisdicción especial, una inversión en la represión para crear y mantener un régimen lleno de adeptos. En el mundo rural se quería recuperar la hegemonía de la oligarquía agraria y mantener la situación anterior a la reforma agraria.Abstract: The Historical Provincial Archive of Seville keeps a collection of files record of Political Responsibilities, proceeding from the Court of The First Instance and Sanlúcar's Instruction. The Law of Political Responsibilities of 1939 agglutinates the regulation that the general rebels applied from the summer of 1936. It was necessary to ruin the defeated one and for it this special jurisdiction, an investment was created in the repression to create and to support a regime full followers'. In the rural world one wanted to recover the hegemony of the agrarian oligarchy and to support the situation previous to the agrarian reform.

  6. Mapa de usos potenciales de la tierra de Galicia. Una perspectiva arqueológica

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    Currás Refojos, Brais X.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A digital version of the map of potential land use of Galicia is here presented, adapted to a reclassification of three types of potential land use, established using historical criteria. An analytical procedure is developed to select the land-types and the system used for their digitalisation. In the final part the map is used to critically revise the possibilities of using this record for territorial characterisation in archaeological research.La cartografía de usos potenciales de la tierra es una herramienta de gran utilidad en el estudio de las formas de poblamiento y su relación con la explotación de los recursos agrícolas desde el enfoque de la arqueología del paisaje. La digitalización de esta información permite su aplicación sistemática en el análisis del territorio mediante SIG. En este trabajo se presenta el Mapa de usos potenciales de la tierra de Galicia, reclasificado en tres tipos establecidos en función de criterios históricos. Se muestra el procedimiento analítico desarrollado para la selección y clasificación de los tipos de tierra y su sistema de digitalización. Se examina la validez de esta fuente para la investigación arqueológica de las formas agrícolas en la antigu.edad desde el punto de vista del análisis del territorio y se ofrece una visión crítica sobre sus ventajas y limitaciones.

  7. Prevalence and geographic variations in asthma symptoms in children and adolescents in Galicia (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Silvarrey-Varela, Angel; Pértega-Díaz, Sonia; Rueda-Esteban, Santiago; Sánchez-Lastres, Juan Manuel; San-José-González, Miguel Angel; Sampedro-Campos, Manuel; Pérez-Castro, Teresa; Garnelo-Suárez, Luciano; Bamonde-Rodríguez, Luis; López-Silvarrey-Varela, Javier; González-Barcala, Javier

    2011-06-01

    To determine the prevalence and geographic variations of the symptoms associated with asthma in Galician children and adolescents. A cross-sectional epidemiological study following ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood) methodology, and using a written questionnaire distributed in schools. The study sample included 10,371 6-7 year-old children and 10,372 13-14 year-old adolescents, all of them from Galician Health Areas. A logistic regression model was used to analyse geographic variations. In the 6-7 year-old group, wheezing in the last 12 months varied from 11.4% (Santiago) to 15.7% (Vigo) and in the adolescents varied from 8.8% (Ourense) to 18.8% (Vigo). The distribution by gender showed a predominant significance in 6-7 year-old males (Pchildren and 2.39 (95% CI, 1.82-3.13) for adolescents. The estimated prevalence of asthma in the Autonomous Community of Galicia was 13.6% in younger children and 12.2% in adolescents. The prevalence of wheezing in the last 12 months in the different areas of Galicia is considerably higher than the rest of Spanish ISAAC cities in the 6-7 years group and very similar in the 13-14 years group, except in Vigo where it is considerably higher. We found a clearly defined geographic pattern in the adolescent group, with higher prevalences in coastal areas than in the interior. Copyright © 2010 SEPAR. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  8. La represión política en Sevilla durante el franquismo, 1940-1951

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    Aurelio Peral Peral

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata sobre algunos casos, especialmente representativos, de la represión franquista llevada a cabo en Sevilla, contra personas civiles juzgadas por Tribunales Militares entre 1940 y 1951, inculpadas de contravenir la legislación vigente mediante hechos de tipo político acontecidos tras la Guerra Civil. Se destacan los elevados castigos a penas de prisión impuestos, en relación con la aparentemente reducida importancia de las acciones llevadas a cabo, por lo que es de considerar que con estas condenas se trataba de coartar la creación de una oposición significativa al régimen.This article deals with some specially representativo cases of Franco s repression carried out in Seville against civil people. These people werejudged by Military Courts between 1940 and 1951 and accused of infringement of current legislation trough political facts occurred after the Civil War. It must be highiighted the severo punishments to prison penalties charged, in relation with the apparently few importance of the actions carried out. Thus we must consider that with these penalties they tried to restrict the creation of a significant opposition to Franco s rule.

  9. Estrategias migratorias de las mujeres ecuatorianas en Sevilla: Acumulación de capital social en tiempos de crisis

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    Emma MARTÍN DÍAZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se centra en el análisis de las estrategias de las mujeres ecuatorianas en Sevilla. En concreto, veremos cómo se implementa la estrategia de acumulación de activos en la reconstrucción y resignificación de las redes sociales de las mujeres migrantes, analizando su evolución desde un contexto de partida reconocido como de crisis (término polisémico que incluye no sólo la crisis financiera de 1999, sino una crisis de reproducción social de las estructuras patriarcales y las relaciones personales hasta el contexto actual de crisis económica en las sociedades de destino. Estas estrategias incluyen la implementación de recursos --materiales, sociales, políticos y simbólicos-- y su gestión por unas redes "en femenino", que se han ido reconstruyendo y resignificando a medida que se desarrolla el proceso migratorio.

  10. De Palacio a Monasterio. Génesis y transformación del Real Monasterio de Santa Clara de Sevilla

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    Oliva Muñoz, Pablo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The convent of Santa Clara is one of the largest religious buildings in Seville. Founded in 1289, it became the oldest second one in the city after that of San Clemente, which is located in the same northwestern area of the old Almohad wall. The comprehensive study of the building, as part of the rehabilitation project, has allowed knowing its evolution and the survival of structures previous to the granting of the land where it is sited.El convento de Santa Clara es uno de los edificios de carácter religioso más grandes de Sevilla. Fundado en 1289 se convierte en el segundo más antiguo de la ciudad tan sólo precedido por el de San Clemente que se ubica en el mismo sector del extremo Noroeste de la antigua cerca almohade. El estudio integral del edificio como parte del proyecto de rehabilitación nos ha permitido conocer su evolución y la pervivencia de estructuras heredadas previas a la concesión de los terrenos que ahora ocupa.

  11. Evaluación del servicio de referencia de una biblioteca universitaria: Biblioteca de la Universidad de Sevilla

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    González-Fernández-Villavicencio, Nieves

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available After a detailed review of the literature on the evaluation of reference services in academic libraries, we describe the evaluation process of the Reference Service of the University of Seville’s library, in both its onsite and virtual models, during two time spans in 2011. We analyse the results using an adapted version of the READ scale. The predominance of the system’s onsite model was confirmed, with the type of service characterized by short questions of a basic nature, quite evenly distributed between the morning and afternoon, with a duration of less than five minutes, with the questions coming predominantly from students and answered by non-specialist staff.Tras una revisión bibliográfica de la evaluación de los servicios de referencias en bibliotecas universitarias, se describe el proceso de evaluación de este servicio llevado a cabo en la Biblioteca de la Universidad de Sevilla, en su modalidad presencial y virtual, durante dos periodos a lo largo del año 2011. Los resultados se analizan en base a la escala READ adaptada. Se constata el predominio de la presencialidad del servicio, y las preguntas breves, de nivel básico, casi distribuidas equilibradamente entre mañana y tarde, de menos de 5 minutos, realizadas mayoritariamente por alumnos, atendidas por personal técnico no especializado con escasas derivaciones.

  12. TÓPICOS DE LOS PRÓLOGOS EN LAS CARTAS INTRODUCTORIAS A LAS ETYMOLOGIAE DE ISIDORO DE SEVILLA

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    Ruth Miguel Franco

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Isidoro de Sevilla († 636 y Braulio de Zaragoza († 651 intercambiaron varias cartas sobre la redacción y el envío de las Etymologiae de Isidoro, uno de los tratados enciclopédicos más importantes de la Edad Media. Posteriormente, estas epístolas fueron añadidas al inicio de la obra de Isidoro y transmitidas conjuntamente con ella. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar algunas características de estas epístolas, que constituyen uno de los pocos documentos que poseemos sobre el proceso de escritura y difusión de las Etymologiae.Se tratará también de mostrar que algunos de los datos que contienen las cartas y que tradicionalmente se han considerado realia, podrían en cambio ser interpretados como topoi característicos de los prólogos medievales.

  13. Deep Geothermal energy potential in Madrid basin; Potencial de la Geotermia profunda en la Cuenca de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hidalgo, R.; Sanchez, J.; Ungemach, P.

    2009-07-01

    The Madrid Basin geothermal potential was evidenced in 1980 thanks to an oil exploration well drilled by Shell-Campsa which showed temperatures of 88 degree centigrade and 150 degree centigrade at 1,700 mts and 3,400 mts depth respectively. The low enthalpy geothermal reservoir could be further assessed by four exploratory wells the first one, Pradillo (originals Shell-Campsa oil well), two drilled by ADARO and IGME (Geological survey of Spain) in San Sebastian de los Reyes and Tres Cantos respectively. The latest well, Geomadrid 1, was drilled in 1990 by the Madrid Regional government. The afore mentioned wells have identified a dependable geothermal resource, hosted in a tertiary, clastic, consolidated sandstone reservoir consisting of a thick multilayered sequence (200-800m), with temperatures ranging from 70 degree centigrade to 90 degree centigrade and depths of 1,500 to 2,150 m., overlying a Mesozoic sequence, suitable to be exploited for thermal uses in several district heating grids around Madrid in areas displaying adequate heat loads. A medium temperature reservoir was also identified at the contact between Mesozoic Cretaceous limestones and fractured basement granites at 3,400mts depth, with measured temperatures of 156 degree centigrade, that could be developed and exploited in view of a combined power and heat production (CPH) within the Madrid suburban areas. (Author) 7 refs.

  14. La literatura de viajes y el transporte en Galicia desde el último tercio del siglo XVIII hasta mediados del XIX

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    Lindoso-Tato, Elvira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Spain, in general, and Galicia, in particular, stayed away from the Grand Tour, major exponent of the modern tourism born in Great Britain. The ignorance of the land and the poor ground transportation contributed to this distance, among other things. In this way, the paper focuses in the analysis of both obstacles in the first tourism development in Galicia, between the late eighteenth century and the mid-nineteenth century, before the railway construction. On the one hand, it analyses the image that some foreign travelers offered about their travels in Galicia, and, on the other hand, it studies the state of the ground transportation during the period. The foreign testimonies about the Galician region were short compared with other parts of the peninsula. Although they relieved in certain degree the ignorance about Galicia with the marking of some points of future tourist interest. At last, several and partial improvements in the ground transportation were made in the last third of the eighteenth century.España, en general, y Galicia, en particular, permanecieron alejadas de las rutas del Grand Tour, exponente principal del turismo moderno iniciado en Gran Bretaña. El desconocimiento del territorio y el deficiente estado de los transportes terrestres contribuyeron a este alejamiento, entre otros factores. Así, el trabajo se centra en el análisis de ambos obstáculos al primer desarrollo del turismo en Galicia entre finales del siglo XVIII y mediados del siglo XIX, antes de la construcción del ferrocarril. Por un lado, se analiza la imagen que ofrecieron algunos viajeros extranjeros en sus crónicas de viaje por tierras galaicas y, por otro lado, se estudia el estado del transporte terrestre de la época. Se observa que los testimonios forasteros sobre la región gallega resultaron escasos en comparación con otros puntos peninsulares aunque aliviaron en cierto grado el desconocimiento que pesaba sobre la comunidad, marcando una serie de

  15. El fenómeno migratorio en Galicia: del obrero emigrante al ciudadano acogedor… ¿lecciones aprendidas?

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    Xosé Manuel Malheiro Gutiérrez

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available La emigración a América ha sido un fenómeno de gran repercusión en la historia reciente de Galicia. Parte de nuestro presente se desarrolla alrededor de este hecho, incidiendo en la economía, demografía, sociedad, cultura o educación… Galicia, tradicional exportadora de mano de obra (inicialmente a América; más tarde a Europa sigue enviando mano de obra joven y preparada hacia otras regiones. Sin embargo, en algunas zonas de Galicia, el incremento de la inmigración a la que hay que añadir la que conforman los retornados, empieza a tener presencia en la sociedad.El presente trabajo analiza los patrones socioculturales que tienden a repetirse entre la partida de nuestros abuelos a América y la llegada de trabajadores inmigrantes que ahora acogemos provenientes de Centroeuropa, Magreb, África subsahariana o Latinoamérica; elabora una serie de conclusiones…, y plantea un interrogante: ¿Hemos aprendido, antaño como inmigrantes, alguna lección que nos ayude a entender y aceptar a los que ahora recibimos?

  16. [Biological exposure-related injuries in workers in a health system of the health service of Galicia, Spain].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cores Calvo, Juan; Muñiz Saborido, José Ramón; González Iglesias, Marta Clara

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study was to describe the factors involved in biological exposure-related injuries occurring in worker from a health system in Galicia, Spain. The study was conducted in a health system of the Health Service of Galicia, that included four hospitals and 72 primary care centers, with nearly 6000 workers. The study used occupational injury data available o in the injury registry of the Health Service of Galicia for the year 2011. We identified 194 biohazard-related injuries. Exposures, locations, devices, tasks and causes of these incidents were analysed. The majority of biological exposures occurred through needlestick injuries (82%). The areas where more injuries occurred were in inpatient wards (37%) and operating rooms (25%). The devices most frequently involved were suture needles (15%) and insulin needles (15%). The most frequently recorded causes were lack of training and information, together with lack of biosafety devices. Worker training and information should be promoted along with the implementation of biosafety devices, as the latter measure alone does not seem sufficient to reduce the number of injuries. Copyright belongs to the Societat Catalana de Seguretat i Medicina del Treball.

  17. Valor de la documentación real portuguesa para la historia de Galicia en la Edad Media

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    Romero Portilla, Paz

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The special relationship between Portugal and Galicia during the Middle Ages is widely reflected in historiography. A considerable number of documents coming from the royal Portuguese «cancillería» and concerning Galicia provides us even more information about the relationships maintained by these two territories which shared a common past until the 12th century as well as a geographical and linguistic proximity and belonged to the same ecclesiastical jurisdiction. Both territories also maintained trade relations and had some populations in common. These close ties, however, sometimes led to clashes and rivalries.

    La especial relación entre Portugal y Galicia durante la Edad Media está ampliamente reflejada en la historiografía. Un mejor conocimiento de los cuantiosos documentos emanados de la cancillería real portuguesa referentes al territorio gallego nos ilustrarán aún más sobre las relaciones mantenidas entre estos territorios, con un pasado común hasta el siglo XII, una cercanía geográfica y lingüística, una pertenencia a una misma jurisdicción eclesiástica y unas relaciones comerciales y de convivencia entre sus habitantes. Ahora bien, estrecha vinculación que originó en ocasiones enfrentamientos y rivalidades.

  18. Prevalence of heartworm in dogs and cats of Madrid, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montoya-Alonso, José Alberto; Morchón, Rodrigo; Falcón-Cordón, Yaiza; Falcón-Cordón, Soraya; Simón, Fernando; Carretón, Elena

    2017-07-26

    Dirofilaria immitis causes heartworm disease, a chronic and potentially fatal cardiopulmonary disease which mainly affects dogs and cats. It is present in most of Spain, due to favourable climatic factors. Madrid, located in the centre of the Iberian Peninsula, is the most highly populated city in the country. There is a lack of current data on canine heartworm and there are no published epidemiological data regarding feline heartworm in this region, therefore the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and current distribution of canine and feline dirofilariosis in the province of Madrid. Serum samples from 1716 dogs and 531 cats, from animals living in the metropolitan area of Madrid and adjacent areas, were studied. All the samples, either from cats and dogs, were tested for circulating D. immitis antigens using a commercial immunochromatographic test kit. Furthermore, to establish the seroprevalence of heartworm infection in cats, serological techniques for anti-D. immitis and anti-Wolbachia antibody detection were used. Prevalence of D. immitis in the canine population of Madrid was 3%, showing an increase in comparison to previous data. The presence of heartworm in the city centre could be influenced by the presence of Urban Heat Islands, while the positive dogs from metropolitan and adjacent areas were mainly located under the influence of rivers. Regarding cats, 0.2% were positive to the antigens test and 7.3% were seropositive to both anti-D. immitis and Wolbachia surface protein antibodies, which demonstrate the presence of feline heartworm in Madrid. Seropositive cats were present in the same areas where positive dogs were found. Indoor/outdoor cats showed the highest seroprevalence whereas the lowest corresponded to indoor cats, demonstrating that prophylactic treatments should be carried out regardless of lifestyle. Infection was found in 2.2% of dogs and 6.7% of the cats < 1 year-old, which indicates that early preventive campaigns in puppies

  19. El converso sevillano Nicolás Martínez de Medina (o de Sevilla, contador mayor de Castilla. Apuntes para una biografía = Nicolás Martínez Medina (or de Sevilla, Sevilian Converso and Chief Accountant of Castile. Notes for a Biography

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    Isabel Montes Romero-Camacho

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A partir de la conquista de Sevilla, en 1248, fueron muchos los judíos, primero, y los conversos, después, que llegaron a ocupar una posición preeminente, tanto en la ciudad, como en la corte, desempeñando, casi siempre, importantes oficios, al servicio de la hacienda real castellana, en una secuencia prácticamente ininterrumpida que va desde Alfonso X (1252-1284 hasta la nueva dinastía Trastámara. Uno de estos importantes conversos fue Nicolás Martínez de Medina (o de Sevilla, cuya actuación pública se desarrolló durante los reinados y a la sombra de los primeros Trastámara, desde Enrique II (1369-1379 hasta Juan II (1406-1454 y que, tras una brillante carrera en Sevilla y en la corte, llegaría a ser contador mayor de Castilla y, por tanto, uno de los personajes más influyentes de su época.After the conquest of Seville in 1248, many Jews and later «Conversos» played a prominent role both in the city and in the Court. They occupied significant positions at the service of the Spanish royal treasury almost uninterruptedly from the reign of Alfonso X (1252-1284 to that of the new Trastámara dynasty. One of these important «Conversos» was Nicolás Martínez de Medina (or de Sevilla, who held public positions under the reigns of the first Trastámara kings, from Enrique II (1369-1379 to Juan II (1406-1454. After a brilliant career in Seville and in the Court, he would become chief accountant of Castile and, consequently, one of the most influential individuals of his time.

  20. Edificio Foster Wheeler. Madrid/España

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    Arangüena, José María

    1988-04-01

    Full Text Available This article describes in detail the characteristics of a building in Madrid whose structure, in reinforced concrete, is set into the foundation with individual footings. Services are found in a nucleus made up of a concrete element, designed to stabilize the whole of the structure with respect to horizontal forces. All parts of the building have been designed and constructed in accordance with existing regulations.

    Este artículo describe, con detalle, las características de un edificio construido en Madrid, cuya estructura se tía realizado en hormigón armado y cimentada sobre el suelo mediante zapatas individuales. El núcleo donde se encuentran los servicios es un elemento de hormigón, cuya misión estructural consiste en estabilizar el conjunto de la estructura frente a los esfuerzos horizontales. Todos los elementos del edificio han sido realizados de acuerdo con la Normativa Vigente.

  1. Actitudes autoritarias y violencia en Madrid Authoritarian attitudes and violence in Madrid

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    Florentino Moreno Martín

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los objetivos del Estudio Multicéntrico sobre Actitudes y Normas Culturales frente a la Violencia (proyecto ACTIVA es analizar la relación entre las actitudes favorecedoras de la violencia y las conductas violentas. En el presente artículo se estudia la relación entre actitudes autoritarias y dos componentes de la violencia: su justificación y su realización efectiva. La recolección de datos se hizo en la ciudad de Madrid entre octubre y diciembre de 1996. Se trabajó con una muestra representativa de 1 219 personas entrevistadas en sus domicilios a partir del cuestionario común del proyecto ACTIVA, al cual se añadieron algunas preguntas. Globalmente considerada, la muestra tuvo una puntuación baja en la escala de autoritarismo. El grupo de personas que más justificaron la violencia tuvo puntuaciones más altas en autoritarismo, al igual que las personas en cuyas conductas habituales se observó un nivel de agresión mayor. Las actitudes más autoritarias se constataron en barrios de bajos recursos económicos, en personas no activas laboralmente, en las de nivel educativo más bajo y en las que se identificaron con una ideología de derecha. Si los más autoritarios justifican y ejercen más la violencia, es preciso fomentar actitudes de crítica hacia quienes abusan del poder y respeto por las diferencias, a fin de prevenir la aparición de estas conductas, sin olvidar la influencia de las variables sociales mencionadas anteriormente.One of the objectives of the Multicentric Study on Cultural Norms and Attitudes Toward Violence (Estudio Multicéntrico sobre Actitudes y Normas Culturales frente a la Violencia, the ACTIVA project is to analyze the relationship between those attitudes that foster violence and the violent behaviors themselves. This article examines the relationship between attitudes and two components of violence: its justification and its actual occurrence. Data were collected in Madrid between October and

  2. Residencia para personas mayores en Villa del Prado, Madrid

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    García-Vaquero Alvaro, Javier

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Basic faci lities fo r socia l serv ices. Building designed as a home fo r the elderly, with 120 beds plus adult day care service for 40 seniors; erected under an agreement between the Madrid Housing Institute (IVIMA and the Regional Department ofFamily Affairs and Social Services in a small tOWlI in the region ofMadrid with a population of4.350. The design lends particular auention to zoning and spatial distribution based 0 11 a specific organisational chart as wel! as to daylight-related questions. The choice ofmaterials and colours is in keeping with the intended use ofthe building and the characteristics ofits users.Equipamiento Básico para Asistencia Social. Edificio destinado a Residencia pa ra Personas Mayores con una capacidad para 120 plazas residenciales con Centro de Estancias Diurnas para 40 plazas externas, realizado mediante Convenio entre el Instituto de la Vivienda de Madrid (IVIMA y la Consejeria de Familia y Servicios Sociales de la Comunidad de Madrid, en un pequeño municipio de esta Comunidad con una población de 4.350 habitantes. El proyecto dedica especial atención a la zonificación y a la distribució n espacial, en fu nci án de IIt I claro organigrama, y al manej o de la luz natural. La elección de materiales y colores se realiza en funci án del uso a que se destina el edificio ya las especiales características de sus usuarios.

  3. Computerized tomography in Community of Madrid. Reference dosimetric measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ruiz Sanz, S.; Calzado, A.; Melchor, M.; Marco, M.

    1994-01-01

    A total of about 43 computed tomography scanners were operating in the Autonomous Community of Madrid during 1991. A sample of 14 facilities was selected to perform dosimetric measurements in order to obtain characteristic dose profiles. From these, some quantities as the computed tomography dose index and the enhancement factor were calculated and analysed for the most common technique settings. Relations were established between the dosimetric results and technical characteristics of the scanners. (Author)

  4. Evaluación de la percepción de la calidad asistencial en el área clínica podológica de la Universidad de Sevilla

    OpenAIRE

    Coheña Jiménez, Manuel

    2012-01-01

    Existen pocos estudios sobre Calidad Asistencial prestada en Clínicas Universitarias y menos en el ámbito de la Podología. El Área Clínica Podológica (ACP) de la Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología de la Universidad de Sevilla presta un servicio de salud podológica a Sevilla y provincia, fundamentalmente. El objetivo principal de nuestro trabajo es evaluar la percepción de la Calidad Asistencial y conocer el grado de satisfacción de los usuarios del ACP de la Universidad de Sevi...

  5. Formación para el empleo y educación popular. El caso de la Escuela Taller Parque Miraflores de Sevilla

    OpenAIRE

    Caraballo Román, Rosario Fátima

    2015-01-01

    Texto completo descargado en PFD La investigación que presento se concreta en un estudio de caso sobre la escuela taller del parque Miraflores (Sevilla, Andalucía, España) referido, específicamente, a la última cohorte de estudiantes, entre 2011 y 2013. Es un trabajo desarrollado desde la perspectiva de las Ciencias de la Educación, enfocado en identificar y describir los procesos de aprendizaje acontecidos durante los dos años de la experiencia educativa investigada. La revisión teórica...

  6. Characterisation of the nitrate contamination process in the Seville-Carmona aquifer system; Caracterizacion del proceso de contaminacion por nitratos en el sistema acuifero Sevilla-Carmona

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez Vazquez, J.C.; Grande Gil, J.A. [Universidad de Huelva (Spain); Barragan de la Rosa, F.J.; Jimenez Sanchez, J.C. [Universidad de Sevilla (Spain)

    1998-07-01

    The aim of this work is to characterize the aquifer Sevilla-Carmona by a graphic treatment, in order to determine the environmental problem owing to high concentration of nitrates because of the fact that there are an excessive agricultural fertilization. There is a relationship between the highest nitrate contamination and the crop of the area, mainly cotton and potato. Two factors have been observed to have an influence on this aquifer: excess doses of N- fertilizers and irrigation devices whose excessive water discharge results in leaching of nitrate accumulated in soil and finally toward saturated zone because of rain. (Author) 18 refs.

  7. Evolución constructiva de Santa Eulalia de Bóveda (Lugo, Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanco-Rotea, Rebeca

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The monumental complex of Santa Eulalia de Bóveda (Lugo, Galicia is one of the most emblematic, but also most problematic, architectural works of the building heritage of Lugo. Since it was discovered in 1926, many researchers have analysed this building from an architectonical, archaeological, artistic and even symbolic point of view, providing several different interpretations of it. However, there is still no consensus about its chronology, its utility or its constructive evolution. This paper focus on the works carried out in Bóveda from three points of view: the analysis of its architecture, of its decoration, and the search for methods for absolute dating. It intends also to reflect on the outcome, to propose a commitment for the future, and to point out the necessity for professionals from different researching fields to work together.El conjunto monumental de Santa Eulalia de Bóveda (Lugo, Galicia es una de las arquitecturas más emblemáticas, pero también problemáticas, del patrimonio lucense. Desde su descubrimiento en el año 1926 muchos han sido los investigadores que han analizado el edificio desde un punto de vista arquitectónico, arqueológico, artístico e incluso simbólico, aportando variadas interpretaciones sobre este conjunto. Sin embargo, todavía no existe un consenso sobre su cronología, su funcionalidad o su evolución constructiva. Este texto corresponde a los trabajos realizados en Bóveda desde tres puntos de vista: el análisis de su arquitectura, el análisis de su decoración y la búsqueda de unos métodos de datación absoluta; y pretende ser una reflexión sobre los resultados obtenidos, una apuesta de futuro y un llamamiento sobre la necesidad de trabajar de forma conjunta entre profesionales de distintos campos disciplinares.

  8. The Madrid School of Neurology (1885-1939).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giménez-Roldán, S

    2015-01-01

    The emergence of neurology in Madrid between 1885 and 1939 had well-defined characteristics. On foundations laid by Cajal and Río-Hortega, pioneers combined clinical practice with cutting-edge neurohistology and neuropathology research. Luis Simarro, trained in Paris, taught many talented students including Gayarre, Achúcarro and Lafora. The untimely death of Nicolás Achúcarro curtailed his promising career, but he still completed the clinicopathological study of the first American case of Alzheimer's disease. On returning to Spain, he studied glial cells, including rod cells. Rodríguez Lafora described progressive myoclonus epilepsy and completed experimental studies of corpus callosum lesions and clinical and neuropathology studies of senile dementia. He fled to Mexico at the end of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Sanchís Banús, a sterling clinical neurologist, described the first cluster of Huntington's disease in Spain, and he and Río-Hortega joined efforts to determine that pallidal degeneration underlies rigidity in advanced stages of the disease. Just after the war, Alberca Llorente eruditely described inflammatory diseases of the neuraxis. Manuel Peraita studied "the neurology of hunger" with data collected during the siege of Madrid. Dionisio Nieto, like many exiled intellectuals, settled in Mexico DF, where he taught neurohistological methods and neuropsychiatry in the tradition of the Madrid School of Neurology. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  9. Los atentados de Madrid en la prensa francesa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Martos Contreras

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo recoge algunas de las conclusiones obtenidas en la investigación de los atentados de Madrid del 11 de marzo de 2003, a través de la prensa francesa . El análisis se centra en los intensos días posteriores al 11-M, hasta el fin de la jornada electoral el 14 de marzo. Se han utilizado un total de catorce cabeceras, entre periódicos y revistas francesas de distintas tendencias y cuotas de difusión. Con ellas se ha analizado la reacción de la opinión pública gala ante la masacre de Madrid y cómo analizaron los acontecimientos que se sucedieron entre ese día y el 14-M.______________________ABSTRACT:The present article gathers some conclusion obtained in the research about the terrorist attacks in Madrid on 11th March, 2003, through the French press. The analysis centres on the intense days between the terrorist attack and the polling day on 14th March. Fourteen head-boards have been used, among French newspapers and magazines, with different tendency and different diffusion rates.  

  10. Antonio Quilis, La concodancia gramatiaal en Za Zengua espanola hablada en Madrid, C. S. I. C., Madrid 1983, pags. 128

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available El libra de Antonio Quilis, de poco más de cien páginas, nos ofrece los resultados de las encuestas sabre la concordancia sintáctica en el habla de Madrid. El Autor que es también cultivador y conocedor de la fonética del español­ pensemos en su importante trabajo sobre la fonética acústica de la lengua española (Gredos, Madrid 1981 - vuelve aqué a su vocacion de sintáctico, visible en sus trabajos sabre la estructura del español la edición de la Gramática de Nebri­ja y en el amor con que cuidó la presentación al mundo de habla castellana de las obras de B. Pottier.

  11. El cultivo del trigo en Nueva Galicia durante el siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René de León Meza

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo estudia los factores que determinaron el desarrollo y consolidación del cultivo del trigo en varias comarcas del reino de Nueva Galicia durante el siglo xvii tomando como referencia la última fundación de Guadalajara. Destaca lo vital que fue para esta industria la mano de obra indígena a través del sistema de repartimiento forzado y la vigencia de este hasta el siglo xviii en contraste con Nueva España donde fue suprimido desde 1633. La hipótesis aquí planteada es que la escasez de trigo y harina que constantemente sufrieron los habitantes de la ciudad de Guadalajara se debió a la confabulación de las autoridades del Cabildo con los comerciantes y productores para acapararlos, esconderlos y luego venderlos a precios elevados. La política que los regidores implementaron de no instalar una alhóndiga que concentrara y regulara la venta de esos productos confirma el anterior aserto.

  12. Review of compliance with EU-2010 targets on renewable energy in Galicia (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miguez, J.L.; Porteiro, J.; Granada, E.; Moran, J.C. [E.T.S. Ingenieros Industriales, Universidad de Vigo, Campus Lagoas-Marcosende, s/n 36200-Vigo (Spain); Lopez-Gonzalez, L.M.; Juarez, M.C. [Universidad de La Rioja, E.T.S. de Ingenieria Industrial, C/Luis de Ulloa, 20, E 26004 Logrono (La Rioja) (Spain); Sala, J.M. [E.T.S. Ingenieros Industriales de Bilbao, Alda. de Urquijo, s/n 48013 Bilbao (Vizcaya) (Spain)

    2006-06-15

    The use of renewable energy offers a range of exceptional benefits, including: a decrease in external energy dependence; a boost to local and regional component manufacturing industries; promotion of regional engineering and consultancy services specialising in the use of renewable energy; increased R and D, decrease in impact of electricity production and transformation; increase in the level of services for the rural population; creation of employment, etc. To achieve these benefits, a series of actions are required, among which the following are particularly important: creation of a suitable climate for performing R and D; training of technicians in design, production and maintenance of equipment; motivation for establishing a new market; proper financing; fostering of appropriate technologies; practical demonstration of results, etc. This article reviews the progress made in the Autonomous Community of Galicia in terms of the introduction of renewable energy technologies (RETs) and examines the possibility of meeting a target of 90% coverage (practical electrical self-sufficiency) by 2010, of which 51% would come from wind power, with a saving of 4000ktoe of primary energy, and prevented emissions of 12x10{sup 6}t of CO{sub 2} per year. (author)

  13. The Presence of Don Quijote in the Beginnings of the Special Education in Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Rodríguez Díaz

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to show the presence of the work of Cervantes, “Don Quijote de la Mancha”, in the unique establishments existing in Galicia at the beginning of the 20th century, dedicated to special education. According to this claim, reference is made to two significant anniversaries in the dissemination of the work. The first one corresponds to the commemoration of the third centenary of the birth of the Cuisse. In this Establishment one would organize in the year 1905, in the free School of blind persons and poor children of To Corunna. A very complete festival as appears in the content of the program, which has recovered of the historical municipal file of the above mentioned city. The second event, refers to the presentation of the novel by Cervantes, written in Braille. Quite a challenge for teachers in special schools of the time, as the College of deaf and blind from Santiago de Compostela, the first school for the teaching of these students, which is established in Spain for the purposes of the law of public instruction of 1857, will assume early.

  14. Barren Forests. Missing Indian villages on the South Coast of Nueva Galicia during the Colonial Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Goyas Mejía

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This analysis focuses on the disappearance of the Indian villages during the colonial period in the town of Purification belonging to Nueva Galicia. The natural physical characterization of the region was first addressed in order to make the historical man-nature relationship relevant since pre-Columbian times. This relationship highlights the importance of the loss of population during the colonial period as a central research topic. This research not only analyzes historical demography, but also addresses the consequences of the disappearance of these entities from the geographical area in which they were located; furthermore, it is an analysis of the relationship of the people as geospatial entities and their environment. Based on the theoretical premise of so-called "nodes" and "networks" for the construction of a territory, this essay argues that as the indigenous people were disappearing, they failed to socially articulate the emergence of spaces that in theory became part of the government. These areas were ultimately "nobodyareas"; areas not controlled by survivors or new settlers who took centuries to settle in the region of study.

  15. Hombres y ejército en Galicia : la leva de 1762

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ofelia Rey Castelao

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available La intención que perseguimos en estas páginas es demostrar que las modificaciones llevadas a cabo por los Borbones en el sistema de reclutamiento de hombres para el ejército, más, quizá, que el incremento en el volumen de los contingentes a aportar, estuvieron en la base de la fuerte resistencia de ios gallegos a cualquier servicio militar, constatable a través de diversas fuentes impresionistas y deducible del grave problema que los prófugos constituyeron en todo momento. Muy en especial, la forma de ejecución de la leva de 1762, extremadamente rigurosa, provocó una fuerte reacción, reflejada en protestas de las autoridades locales y, sobre todo, en el masivo recurso a todos los tipos posibles de excepción para eludir el servicio. Es precisamente esta leva la que centrará nuestro interés, pero procuraremos situarla en el contexto más amplio de las reformas militares del xviii y su aplicación en Galicia.

  16. Short- versus long-term radon detectors: a comparative study in Galicia, NW Spain

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ruano-Ravina, A.; Castro-Bernardez, M.; Sande-Meijide, M.; Vargas, A.; Barros-Dios, J.M.

    2008-01-01

    As reported in previous studies, Galicia (NW Spain) is an area of high radon concentrations. This study was sought to analyze the correlation between short-term (activated carbon) and long-term (alpha particle track) detectors in this geographic area, and ascertain whether there were differences in their readings that might be influenced by other variables. A comparison study, as part of a case-control study was designed in which two detectors, one of each type, were placed in the selected homes. A total of 391 homes yielded readings with both detectors. The results indicated that there was a relatively good correlation between both types of monitors (correlation coefficient 0.608; p < 0.001). The highest correlations between both detectors were observed for unventilated homes, coastal sites, and the oldest buildings. Short-term and long-term detectors do not show a similar performance in all settings or situations. It is advisable to use long-term detectors whenever possible

  17. Risk factors associated with honey bee colony loss in apiaries in Galicia, NW Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aranzazu Meana

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available A cross-sectional study was carried out in Galicia, NW Spain, in order to estimate the magnitude of honey bee colony losses and to identify potential risk factors involved. A total of 99 samples from 99 apiaries were collected in spring using simple random sampling. According to international guidelines, the apiaries were classified as affected by colony loss or asymptomatic. Each sample consisted of worker bees, brood and comb-stored pollen. All worker bees and brood samples were analysed individually in order to detect the main honey bee pathogens. Moreover, the presence of residues of the most prevalent agrotoxic insecticides and acaricides was assessed in comb-stored pollen. The general characteristics of the apiaries and sanitary information regarding previous years was evaluated through questionnaires, while the vegetation surrounding the apiaries sampled was assessed by palynological analysis of comb-stored pollen. The colony loss prevalence was 53.5% (CI95%=43.2-63.9 and Nosema ceranae was found to be the only risk factor strongly associated with colony loss. The decision tree also pointed out the impact of the Varroa mite presence while variables such as apiary size, the incorrect application of Varroa mite treatments, and the presence of Acarapis woodi and Kashmir bee virus (KBV were identified as possible co-factors.

  18. Estimation of the annual production and composition of C&D Debris in Galicia (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez Lage, Isabel; Martínez Abella, Fernando; Herrero, Cristina Vázquez; Ordóñez, Juan Luis Pérez

    2010-04-01

    One of the key aspects that must be taken into consideration within the framework of Sustainable Construction is the management of Construction and Demolition (C&D) Debris. As for other types of waste, specific handling procedures are required to manage C&D Debris; these include reduction, reuse, recycling, and if all other possibilities fail, recovery or disposal. For public planning strategies aimed at the management of C&D Debris to be effective, it is first necessary to have specific knowledge of the type of waste materials generated in a particular region. After verifying that the methods available to determine the production and composition of C&D Debris are limited, this paper presents a procedure to ascertain the production and composition of C&D Debris, in any region. The procedure utilizes data on the surface areas of newly constructed buildings, renovations and demolitions, which are estimated from available data for recent years, as well as information on the quantity of debris generated per surface area in any type of construction site, which is obtained from recently executed constructions or from the ground plans of older buildings. The method proposed here has been applied to Galicia, one of Spain's autonomous communities, for which the quantity and composition of C&D Debris have been estimated for the horizon year 2011. Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Short- versus long-term radon detectors: a comparative study in Galicia, NW Spain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ruano-Ravina, A. [Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Santiago de Compostela, C/San Francisco s/n, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Galician Agency for Health Technology Assessment, Galician Health Service, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); CIBER de Epidemiologia y Salud Publica, CIBERESP (Spain)], E-mail: mralbert@usc.es; Castro-Bernardez, M. [Epidemiology Department, Directorate-General for Public Health, Galician Regional Authority (Spain); Sande-Meijide, M. [Preventive Medicine Unit, Ourense Hospital Complex, Galician Health Service (Spain); Vargas, A. [Energy Techniques Institute, Polytechnic University of Catalonia, Barcelona (Spain); Barros-Dios, J.M. [Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Santiago de Compostela, C/San Francisco s/n, 15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); CIBER de Epidemiologia y Salud Publica, CIBERESP (Spain); Preventive Medicine Unit, Santiago de Compostela University Hospital, Galician Health Service (Spain)

    2008-07-15

    As reported in previous studies, Galicia (NW Spain) is an area of high radon concentrations. This study was sought to analyze the correlation between short-term (activated carbon) and long-term (alpha particle track) detectors in this geographic area, and ascertain whether there were differences in their readings that might be influenced by other variables. A comparison study, as part of a case-control study was designed in which two detectors, one of each type, were placed in the selected homes. A total of 391 homes yielded readings with both detectors. The results indicated that there was a relatively good correlation between both types of monitors (correlation coefficient 0.608; p < 0.001). The highest correlations between both detectors were observed for unventilated homes, coastal sites, and the oldest buildings. Short-term and long-term detectors do not show a similar performance in all settings or situations. It is advisable to use long-term detectors whenever possible.

  20. Estudio del acoso psicológico en la universidad pública de Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.ª ÁNGELES LÓPEZ-CABARCOS

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es la caracterización de los procesos de acoso psicológico entre el personal de administración y servicios de la universidad pública de Galicia. Para ello, se ha seleccionado una muestra formada por 321 personas, de las cuales un 8,7% manifiestan ser víctimas de mobbing. Los resultados señalan una incidencia semejante entre los hombres y entre las mujeres. Los tipos de comportamientos más frecuentes tienen que ver tanto con la esfera personal como con la profesional, y las atribuciones causales más señaladas por las víctimas se refieren a aspectos relacionados con la organización del centro y el deterioro del clima laboral. Las víctimas señalan como principales consecuencias del mobbing aspectos relacionados con la salud psicológica y emocional, siendo la estrategia más empleada para enfrentarse a estos ataques la pasiva, es decir, no hacer nada.

  1. Assessing the impact of future climate change on groundwater recharge in Galicia-Costa, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raposo, Juan Ramón; Dafonte, Jorge; Molinero, Jorge

    2013-03-01

    Climate change can impact the hydrological processes of a watershed and may result in problems with future water supply for large sections of the population. Results from the FP5 PRUDENCE project suggest significant changes in temperature and precipitation over Europe. In this study, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model was used to assess the potential impacts of climate change on groundwater recharge in the hydrological district of Galicia-Costa, Spain. Climate projections from two general circulation models and eight different regional climate models were used for the assessment and two climate-change scenarios were evaluated. Calibration and validation of the model were performed using a daily time-step in four representative catchments in the district. The effects on modeled mean annual groundwater recharge are small, partly due to the greater stomatal efficiency of plants in response to increased CO2 concentration. However, climate change strongly influences the temporal variability of modeled groundwater recharge. Recharge may concentrate in the winter season and dramatically decrease in the summer-autumn season. As a result, the dry-season duration may be increased on average by almost 30 % for the A2 emission scenario, exacerbating the current problems in water supply.

  2. Deep-sea benthic habitats modeling and mapping in a NE Atlantic seamount (Galicia Bank)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serrano, A.; González-Irusta, J. M.; Punzón, A.; García-Alegre, A.; Lourido, A.; Ríos, P.; Blanco, M.; Gómez-Ballesteros, M.; Druet, M.; Cristobo, J.; Cartes, J. E.

    2017-08-01

    This study presents the results of seafloor habitat identification and mapping of a NE Atlantic deep seamount. An ;assemble first, predict later; approach has been followed to identify and map the benthic habitats of the Galicia Bank (NW Iberian). Biotic patterns inferred from the survey data have been used to drive the definition of benthic assemblages using multivariate tools. Eight assemblages, four hard substrates and four sedimentary ones, have been described from a matrix of structural species. Distribution of these assemblages was correlated with environmental factors (multibeam and backscatter data) using binomial GAMs. Finally, the distribution model of each assemblage was applied to produce continuous maps and pooled in a final map with the distribution of the main benthic habitats. Depth and substrate type are key factors when determining soft bottom communities, whereas rocky habitat distribution is mainly explained by rock slope and orientation. Enrichment by northern water masses (LSW) arriving to GB and possible zooplankton biomass increase at vertical-steep walls by ;bottom trapping; can explain the higher diversity of habitat providing filter-feeders at slope rocky breaks. These results concerning vulnerable species and habitats, such as Lophelia and Madrepora communities and black and bamboo coral aggregations were the basis of the Spanish proposal of inclusion within the Natura 2000 network. The aim of the present study was to establish the scientific criteria needed for managing and protecting those environmental values.

  3. Epibenthic communities of sedimentary habitats in a NE Atlantic deep seamount (Galicia Bank)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serrano, A.; Cartes, J. E.; Papiol, V.; Punzón, A.; García-Alegre, A.; Arronte, J. C.; Ríos, P.; Lourido, A.; Frutos, I.; Blanco, M.

    2017-12-01

    Galicia Bank is a deep seamount included as Site of Community Importance (SCI) in the Spanish Natura 2000 Network proposal. In the present study, epibenthic assemblages of sedimentary habitats have been described, together with the main environmental factor explaining species and communities distribution. Five epibenthic assemblages have been identified. Depth was the main factor explaining assemblage distribution, and the role of sediment type, water masses, and coral framework presence is also discussed. Three assemblages are located in the summit: the shallowest one (730-770 m), in the boundary between Eastern North Atlantic Central Water (ENACW) and Mediterranean Overflow Water (MOW) water masses is typified by ophiuroids and characterized by medium sands. The second assemblage (770-800 m) typified by the bivalve Limopsis minuta and the solitary coral Flabellum chunii correspond with medium sands and MOW core; and the third typified by the presence of cold-water coral communities dominated by Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata, also on the MOW influence. In the border of the summit, in the bank break, an assemblage located in the range 1000-1200 m is dominated by the urchin Cidaris cidaris and the sponge Thenea muricata. In the flat flanks around the bank, the deepest assemblage (1400-1800 m) is dominated by the holothurian Benthogone rosea, in a depth range dominated by the Labrador water (LSW) and in fine sands with highest contents of organic matter. Most of species appeared in a depth range smaller than 25% of total depth range sampled and in bank.

  4. Winter circulation weather types and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases in Galicia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royé, D; Taboada, J J; Martí, A; Lorenzo, M N

    2016-04-01

    The link between various pathologies and atmospheric conditions has been a constant topic of study over recent decades in many places across the world; knowing more about it enables us to pre-empt the worsening of certain diseases, thereby optimizing medical resources. This study looked specifically at the connections in winter between respiratory diseases and types of atmospheric weather conditions (Circulation Weather Types, CWT) in Galicia, a region in the north-western corner of the Iberian Peninsula. To do this, the study used hospital admission data associated with these pathologies as well as an automatic classification of weather types. The main result obtained was that weather types giving rise to an increase in admissions due to these diseases are those associated with cold, dry weather, such as those in the east and south-east, or anticyclonic types. A second peak was associated with humid, hotter weather, generally linked to south-west weather types. In the future, this result may help to forecast the increase in respiratory pathologies in the region some days in advance.

  5. Winter circulation weather types and hospital admissions for respiratory diseases in Galicia, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royé, D.; Taboada, J. J.; Martí, A.; Lorenzo, M. N.

    2016-04-01

    The link between various pathologies and atmospheric conditions has been a constant topic of study over recent decades in many places across the world; knowing more about it enables us to pre-empt the worsening of certain diseases, thereby optimizing medical resources. This study looked specifically at the connections in winter between respiratory diseases and types of atmospheric weather conditions (Circulation Weather Types, CWT) in Galicia, a region in the north-western corner of the Iberian Peninsula. To do this, the study used hospital admission data associated with these pathologies as well as an automatic classification of weather types. The main result obtained was that weather types giving rise to an increase in admissions due to these diseases are those associated with cold, dry weather, such as those in the east and south-east, or anticyclonic types. A second peak was associated with humid, hotter weather, generally linked to south-west weather types. In the future, this result may help to forecast the increase in respiratory pathologies in the region some days in advance.

  6. Analysis of tailing pond contamination in Galicia using generalized linear spatial models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Taboada

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizaron estadísticamente l os componentes químicos present es en las aguas residuales de mi nas en Galicia (noroeste de Esp aña. Estos elementos representan un riesgo para la salud pública y e l medio ambiente, muy especialmente en el caso de un fallo en l a estructura de contención de un estanque o represa. El procesamiento estadístico de los datos, que se inició con un análisis de los contaminantes típicos presentes en los estanqu es y presas mineras, señaló las potenciales limitaciones del uso de modelos no espaciales para datos espacialmente estructurados. Nuestros resultados indican el gran potencial del modelo lineal espacial generalizado respecto al modelo lineal generalizado p ara el análisis de datos espacialmente estructurados. También se muestra cómo una mala especificación del modelo en el análisis de datos espacial es puede conducir a conclusiones erróneas, lo que podría dar lugar, a su vez, a un mal diseño de las medidas de protección o correctivas.

  7. Mortality due to acute adverse drug reactions in Galicia: 1997-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miguel-Arias, Domingo; Pereiro Gómez, César; Bermejo Barrera, Ana M; López de Abajo Rodríguez, Benito; Sobrido Prieto, María

    2016-03-02

    The aim of this research is to study all people who died in the Autonomous Community of Galicia from acute death after drugconsumption (ADR) in which there was judicial intervention during the period from 1997 to 2011, according to inclusion and exclusión criteria established by the National Drug Plan for the entire national territory. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of deceased subjects were studied, in order to identify key risk factors and/or vulnerable populations.A total of 805 deaths were recorded. The distribution by provinces and municipalities corresponds to the areas of greatest population, incidence of consumption and proximity to the coast. The average age of these patients was 34.34 years, with a gradual increase over years. Most of them were male (91.2%) and single (47.7). 43.5% of the deceased habitually used the parenteral route of administration and 36.4% had positive HIV serology. The most frequently-detected substances corresponded to opiates (heroin: 61.3%, methadone: 35.6%), followed by cocaine (53.7%), although the most common pattern was that of poly-consumption. ADR mortality figures remain relatively stable throughout the study period. The predominant pattern is that of males, opiates and a long history of consumption.

  8. Energy evaluation of forest residues originated from shrub species in Galicia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nunez-Regueira, L.; Proupin-Castineiras, J.; Rodriguez-Anon, J.A. [University of Santiago (Spain). Dept. of Applied Physics

    2004-01-01

    In this study we present an alternative for the management of the excess of shrub species that nowadays take up around 800,000 ha in Galicia (NW Spain). This alternative is based on the exploitation of the energetic resources contained in the excess of shrubs by their combustion in specially designed plants for production of electric energy. The different species were sorted into three groups: Ulex europaeus L. (furze), Sarothamnus scoparius (L.) Link (broom) and Erica sp. (heaths). Their LHV were calculated through measurements of the corresponding HHV and resulted 7600, 7300 and 7200 kJ kg{sup -1} respectively. Biomass productions (T ha{sup -1}) were also calculated resulting 20 T ha{sup -1} (furze), 30 T ha{sup -1} (broom), and 15 T ha{sup -1} (heaths). Analyses of all these values make these species very valuable for their energy exploitation. Samples were collected over one year in different zones to study the effect of the environmental conditions on the calorific values. (Author)

  9. El Museo Pedagógico de Galicia: Memoria viva de la escuela gallega.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Castro Fustes

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available (ES Al crearse en el año 2000 el Museo Pedagóxico de Galicia (MUPEGA, se estaba recogiendo de alguna manera el legado de una serie de actuaciones que se habían ido sucediendo en varios lugares y momentos para recuperar lo que fue el pasado de la Escuela gallega. El MUPEGA se estructuró en tres áreas de actuación que se encargaron de realizar un acopio de materiales pertenecientes al pasado escolar, con los que se montaron sus exposiciones permanentes, y de conservar también los testimonios inmateriales, a través, en este segundo caso, de la elaboración de programas audiovisuales de historias de vida. Sin olvidar los congresos y actividades científicas que esta institución ha organizado desde su puesta en marcha. Por último, este recorrido por el MUPEGA se detiene en las singularidades de este centro que lo diferencian de otros con los que pudiera tener afinidades; como son, entre otras, la recuperación de los juegos tradicionales o la musealización del legado educativo de los indianos. Y finaliza con los retos que se plantea para el futuro.

  10. Mapping landscape units in Galicia (Spain: A first step for assessment and management?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corbelle-Rico Eduardo

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In the beginning of 2015, the Regional Administration of Galicia (NW Spain set the requirements for a map of landscape units: it had to be produced in less than 3 months, it should cover the whole territory of the region (29,574 km², and it should be useful for management at a scale of 1:25,000. With these objectives in mind, we pro- posed a semiautomatic mapping methodology entirely based on the use of free software (GRASS GIS and already available cartographic information. Semi-automatic classification of different land-use patterns was at the heart of the proposed process. Consultation with experts of different academic background took place along the project. This consultation process allowed to identify both problems and opportunities. As it could be expected, the diverse epistemic community represented by the expert panel implied that one of the main challenges was to reach consensus on the understanding of the concept of landscape and the decisions leading to the mapping methodology proposed in this paper. This initiated a very interesting debate that, in our view, was centred around three main issues: the approach to the landscape, the purpose of the mapping exercise, and the ability to include subjectivity into the analysis.

  11. Branchial lesions associated with abundant apoptotic cells in oysters Ostrea edulis of Galicia (NW Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirella da Silva, P; Villalba, Antonio; Sunila, Inke

    2006-06-12

    An experiment to evaluate differences in growth, mortality and disease susceptibility among Ostrea edulis stocks was performed. Five families were produced from each of 4 oyster populations (Irish, Greek and 2 Galician). The spat were transferred to a raft in the Ria de Arousa (Galicia, Spain) for grow-out. Monthly samples of each family were histologically processed from 2001 to 2003. One of the pathological conditions discovered by this study was the occurrence of extensive branchial lesions characterized by haemocytic infiltration and loss of branchial architecture. Furthermore, abundant atypical cells occurred among the haemocytes in the lesions in the branchial connective and epithelial tissues, but rarely in the mantle. These cells were contracted in size with nuclei showing chromatin condensation and fragmentation. Some nuclear chromatin aggregated under the nuclear membranes into crescent shapes, whereas others were uniformly dense. Those characteristics suggested that the cells were apoptotic haemocytes, which was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and by a terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick end labelling (TUNEL) assay using the Apoptag Kit on paraffin sections. A low prevalence of gill lesions was detected in some, but not all, families of every origin peaking in July 2002 and April 2003. No etiologic agent was identified by either histology or TEM; thus, the cause of the abundance of apoptotic cells remains unclear.

  12. Descriptive study of services offered to users of parks bio healthy of Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Arufe Giráldez

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The worry of the citizens for the health grows year after year, up to the point that numerous town halls have invested an important budget item in the creation of parks of physical activity for major, parks bio healthy or geriatric parks since some authors name. These parks can be defined as green spaces that numerous equipments integrates for the development of the physical condition inside an urban area or extraurban. His design is focused towards the offer of sports practice for adult population. Across this work one tries to analyze of descriptive form some of the services with those who count these parks. The sample was formed by 30 parks bio healthy of Galicia, constructed between the year 2010 and 2012. The withdrawal of information was realized across a created ad hoc questionnaire. The variables that surrendered to study for this work are the availability of a source with drinkable water, availability of a public bathroom, presence of a professional of the sport, been of the machines and information for the user on the use of the machines. The results state that many of the town halls promoters of parks bio healthy do not bear in mind the presentation of a few minimal services that are necessary for the practice of the physical exercise (fiscal year in major persons, in order to guarantee an ideal care of his health.

  13. Conductas de salud en inmigrantes latinoamericanos adultos del Distrito Macarena de Sevilla (España Condutas de saúde em imigrantes latino-americanos adultos do Distrito Macarena de Sevilla (Espanha Health behaviors in adult Latin American immigrants of the Macarena de Sevilla district (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Rafael González López

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Describir el estado de salud de la población latinoamericana inmigrante de 25 a 44 años del Distrito Macarena de la ciudad de Sevilla. Metodología. Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal, se empleó muestreo probabilístico aleatorio, estratificado y proporcional. Se realizó en 34 personas, 16 hombres y 18 mujeres, de 25 a 44 años. Para la recogida de datos se elaboró un cuestionario que unificaba los instrumentos del Sistema de Vigilancia de Factores de Riesgo asociados a Enfermedades No Transmisibles en Adultos y el del Sistema de Vigilancia de Factores de Riesgo de Riesgo de Comportamiento. Los datos se analizaron con el paquete estadístico SPSS 17.0. Resultados. El 38.2% de la muestra considera bueno su estado de salud percibida. Un 26.5% no sabe o no está seguro de cuál es su Centro de Salud. El 58.8% nunca ha acudido a la consulta de la enfermera. El 38.2% consume alcohol un día a la semana y el 58.8% se ha automedicado. El 67.7% de la muestra usa métodos para evitar la concepción pero solo de ellos el 43.5%, se protegen también de una enfermedad de transmisión sexual Conclusión. Se identificaron conductas de salud en función del origen y algunos de los factores asociados, los cuales deberían considerarse en el diseño y desarrollo de actuaciones diferenciales, orientadas a mejorar el nivel de salud en los inmigrantes.Objetivo. Descrever o estado de saúde da população latino-americana imigrante de 25 a 44 anos do Distrito Macarena da cidade de Sevilla. Metodologia. Estudo descritivo, transversal, de prevalência e observacional, empregando-se uma amostragem probabilística, aleatório, estratificado e proporcional. Realizou-se em 34 pessoas, 16 homens e 18 mulheres, de 25 a 44 anos. Para a recolhida de dados se elaborou um questionário que unificava os instrumentos do Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco associados a Doenças Não Transmissíveis em Adultos e o do Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de

  14. Evangelismo y sensibilidad religiosa en la Sevilla del quinientos: consideraciones acerca de la represión de los luteranos sevillanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel BOEGLIN

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: En el otoño de 1557, la incautación de libros de propaganda protestante en Sevilla iba a convencer rápidamente a los inquisidores que no se encontraban ante una simple tentativa de introducir obras reformadas en la capital de la Bética sino que se enfrentaban a una difusión, en distintos círculos de la sociedad, de doctrinas contrarias a la ortodoxia católica tal y como acababa de redefinirse entre 1547 y 1552, durante las primeras sesiones del Concilio de Trento. La religiosidad de algunas figuras destacadas de la «comunidad» de Sevilla no se limita a una simple reformulación de tesis erasmistas como se ha venido afirmando a menudo, sino que revela una convergencia hacia la Reforma y una adhesión al núcleo doctrinal protestante en diversos aspectos.ABSTRACT: The discovery, in the autumn of 1557, of a delivery of books on Protestant propaganda in Seville, convinced inquisitors of the existence of circles that advocated doctrines in contradiction with the catholic orthodoxy redefined between 1547 and 1552 during the first Council of Trent sessions. The religious inclination of some outstanding figures of the Seville community did not — contrary to what has often been said— merely suscribe to the Erasmist theories; some aspects of trie Reformation also appealed to them.

  15. Spanische Identität unter der Voraussetzung des trikulturellen Mittelalters: zu Fabian Sevillas Studie „Die ‚Drei Kulturen‘ und die spanische Identität“

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Henrik Witthaus

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Fabian Sevilla, Die „Drei Kulturen“ und die spanische Identität: ein Konflikt bei Américo Castro und in der spanischsprachigen Narrativik der Moderne, Siegener Forschungen zur romanischen Literatur- und Medienwissenschaft 26 (Tübingen: Stauffenburg, 2014, 372 S.

  16. Análisis estadístico de la patología de forjados de hormigón en Galicia

    OpenAIRE

    Aragón Fitera, Jorge

    2011-01-01

    [Resumen] Durante el bienio 2000/02, el Instituto Gallego de la Vivienda (IGVS) y el Colegio Oficial de Arquitectos de Galicia (COAG) firman el mayor Convenio para la Inspección Técnica de Edificios realizado en Galicia; suponía entonces el estudio un total de 778 edificios y 19.821 viviendas. Hasta ese momento el conocimiento sobre la patología real de la edificación residencial, y más específicamente la estructural, era totalmente inexistente en la comunidad gallega. Tampoco exis...

  17. Evaluation of performance of materials used in the ceramic materials restoration of the Plaza de España (Sevilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandre Sánchez, F. J.

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Different commercial mortars and stuecos used to cold restore the glazing on deteriorated tile in Seville s Plaza de España were tested for performance and durability. Five types of samples were applied to ceramic bisques and subsequently coloured and protected with resins. The samples were subjected to accelerated weathering consisting in salt crystallization, temperature and relative humidity cycles and ultraviolet radiation. Durability was assessed by visually comparing the effect of salt crystallization, determining the colour parameters with colourimetry and measuring adherence and capillary water absorption. The results obtained were used to differentiate the materials tested in two respects: stucco and protective resin performance under the environmental conditions prevailing in the Plaza de España on the one hand and colour stability on the other.

    En el presente trabajo se estudia el comportamiento y la durabilidad de diferentes morteros y estucos comerciales que se han utilizado para restituir enfrío las pérdidas de vidriado en azulejos deteriorados de la Plaza de España (Sevilla. Para ello se han preparado 5 tipos de muestras que se han aplicado sobre bizcochos cerámicos y que posteriormente se han coloreado y protegido con resinas. Las muestras se han sometido a ensayos de alteración acelerada: cristalización de sales, ciclos de temperatura y humedad relativa, y radiación ultravioleta. La evaluación de la durabilidad se ha llevado a cabo mediante la comparación visual del efecto de cristalización de las sales, la determinación de los parámetros de color mediante colorimetría, de la adherencia y de la absorción de agua por capilaridad. Los resultados obtenidos, permiten realizar una diferenciación en dos aspectos, por un lado, el comportamiento del estuco y su protección para soportar las condiciones medioambientales de la Plaza de España, y, por otro, la estabilidad de los diferentes colores.

  18. Galicia Dixital. Una exposición de patrimonio e-tangible. El Museo Vacío.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis A. Hernández Ibáñez

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Galicia Dixital is an exhibition located in Santiago de Compostela whith the mission to show the culture and heritage of this region through the use of new audiovisual technologies, whilst to demonstrate the use and applications of avant-garde technology. This paper describes some of the installations present there with special emphasis in The Empty Museum, a fully immersive virtual reality installation where the user can walk physically visiting virtual worlds. A group of examples of contents designed for this medium will be also described.

  19. Lithosphere/asthenosphere interaction during continental breakup: preliminary isotopic date on the passive Galicia margin (North-Atlantic)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Charpentier, S.; Kornprobst, J.; Chazot, G.; Cornen, G.

    1998-01-01

    The Galicia Margin ultramafic ridge has been cross-cut by diorites, pyroxenites and gabbros before the end of the rifting stage, and then by dolerites, after the continental break-full; it has been further overlaid by basaltic lava flows. The younger the rocks, the higher the initial ξ Nd (2.2-8.8). This evolution would be the result of the contamination of liquids extracted from the asthenosphere, by the enriched (ξ Ndi =4.0) and partially melted previous continental lithosphere. Time-decreasing contamination is related to progressive lithospheric thinning from the end to the beginning of oceanic spreading. (authors)

  20. Implementation of Phonetic Orthography of the Ukrainian Language in Galicia and Bukovina in 1892: Political, Legal and National Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ulyana Uska

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The article presents an analysis of the Austrian politics regarding the problem of standardization of the Ukrainian language, based on the materials of Austrian State Archives in Vienna and the legal acts of central ministries. We have described the process of introduction of the phonetic spelling in all spheres of life in Galicia and Bukovina, and revealed its geopolitical and nation-oriented meaning. This process was objective and legal; it was based on the principles of the Austro-Slavism and the spirit of modernization.

  1. La institucionalización de la igualdad de género en Galicia: un camino abierto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Diz Otero

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene por objetivo fundamental analizar el estado de implementación de las políticas de igualdad de género en el ámbito de la Administración pública gallega. Para ello, en primer lugar, se llevará a cabo una breve presentación de los principales conceptos y estrategias relativos al género y al feminismo institucional para, en segundo lugar, a la luz de los mismos, analizar y dar cuenta del proceso de creación y desarrollo de las políticas de igualdad de género en Galicia. En este sentido, se busca responder a las siguientes preguntas: ¿qué tipo de actuaciones en materia de igualdad se han llevado a cabo en la Comunidad Autónoma gallega?, ¿qué cambios intraorganizativos y nuevas instituciones ha supuesto la incorporación de la perspectiva de género en este nivel de gobierno?, ¿se puede hablar de madurez y consolidación del impulso institucional gallego en materia de género?, ¿qué grado de influencia han ejercido las políticas y organismos de igualdad de esta comunidad en el proceso de toma de decisiones?, ¿ha influido el color político en los cambios y la evolución de las políticas de género en Galicia?, ¿son los recursos institucionales gallegos para la igualdad del presente una garantía de futuro? This article focuses on the implementation level of gender equality policies in the Galician public administration. With this goal, the main concepts and strategies related to gender and institutional feminism will be briefly discussed, setting the basis for addressing afterwards how gender equality policies have been set up in Galicia. Such an analysis intends to answer the following questions: what kind of actions in the field of equality has been set up within the Galician Autonomous Community?, Which organizational changes and new institutions stem from the adoption of a gender perspective in this level of government?, Is it possible to consider Galician institutional efforts in gender policies

  2. Convivencia, expectativas educativas y éxito escolar en la población gitana en Vilaboa (Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belén Arranz Núñez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Gypsy pupils in Galicia suffer a very important educational disadvantage, as a result of the educational exclusion that existed until the arrival of democracy and prevails today, as a result of the low academic expectations of the students themselves, of their parents and mothers and of their teachers. To overcome this situation it is necessary to intervene, from an intercultural perspective, not only among students, but also on the teachers and parents. The aim of the intervention must be the academic success, considered as the finalization of the tenth year of schooling and the obtainment of the title of Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO

  3. New Madrid seismotectonic study. Activities during fiscal year 1977

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buschbach, T.C.

    1977-10-01

    Approximately 30 highly qualified scientists are participating in a coordinated geological, geophysical, and seismological study of the area within a 200-mile radius of New Madrid, Missouri. The study is designed to define the structural setting and tectonic history of the area in order to realistically evaluate earthquake risks in the siting of nuclear facilities. The region studied includes Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Arkansas, and Missouri. An inventory of existing data and supporting research in the area was prepared. New information from aeromagnetic, ground magnetic, and gravity surveys has been obtained, and the data are currently being processed

  4. The Madrid Train Bombings: A Decision-Making Model Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-12-11

    3T. K. Lawson Managing Editor, ―Madrid Bombing and Attacks on Trains, Subways ,‖ U.S. Department of State, Diplomatic Security Command Center (17 March...Alfred De Montesquiou, ―Official: Al-Qaeda Like A Fast Food Franchise ‗For Terrorism‘,‖ USA Today, 7 June 2009, http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/2009...Fort Leavenworth, KS, 2007): 78; De Montesquiou, ―Official: Al- Qaeda Like A Fast Food Franchise ‗For Terrorism‘.‖ 39Wilson, ―The Evolution of al

  5. La influencia del monte arbolado en las empresas transformadoras de la madera en Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miramontes Carballada, Ángel

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In studies on the creation of corporate production systems, the significance that the proximity of raw material can have on its success and creation is increasingly overlooked. It is true that advances in transportation, among other conditions, make it easy to move the processing plant farther away from where the raw material is supplied. However, in many activities the manufacturing location is still conditioned by the location and characteristics of the materials used in production. A good example is the timber industry. This article specifically focuses on showing the relationship, significance and economic potential of forest raw materials and the wood processing industry in Galicia.En los estudios sobre la conformación de sistemas productivos empresariales se olvida cada vez más, la significación que puede tener para su conformación y éxito la presencia de materia prima cercana. Es cierto, que los avances en los medios de transporte, entre otros condicionantes, facilitan que se aleje el lugar de transformación del de suministro de la materia prima. Sin embargo, en muchas actividades la presencia fabril está todavía muy condicionada por la localización y características de los materiales con los que fabricar. Un buen ejemplo es la industria de la madera. En concreto este artículo se centra en mostrar la relación, significación y potencialidad económica de la materia prima forestal y la industria de transformación de la madera en Galicia. [fr] Les études sur la formation des systèmes productifs commerciaux oublient de plus en plus l’importance que peut avoir pour leur formation et leur succès la présence proche de matières premières. Il est vrai que les progrès des moyens de transport, parmi d’autres autres conditions, facilitent l’éloignement du lieu de transformation de celui d’approvisionnement de la matière première. Cependant, en de nombreuses activités, la présence d’usines est encore fortement

  6. Resultados del estudio de subdetección del meningococo en vacunados en Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Malvar Pintos

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: A partir la vigilancia activa y el seguimiento de la Enfermedad Meningocócica (EM tras la campaña de vacunación realizada en Galicia, se observó que la proporción de aislamientos del serogrupo responsable de la enfermedad entre los casos de sospechosos de EM (SEM que habían sido vacunados era menor que entre los no vacunados. Ante esta situación se realizó un estudio con el fin de determinar si en el origen de esas SEM sin aislamiento se encontraba la N. Meningitidis del serogrupo C y cuantificar la importancia de esa subdetección. MÉTODOS: Para ello, y durante el período de estudio (desde la semana 26 de 1997 a la semana 14 de 1999, se tomaron muestras de LCR y sangre de las SEM sin aislamiento, para su estudio con PCR para especie y serogrupo. El análisis de las muestras fue realizado por el laboratorio de microbiología del hospital Clínico de Santiago de Compostela. RESULTADOS: De los 120 casos notificados durante el periodo de estudio, se analizaron por PCR 65 (38 vacunados y 27 no vacunados, resultando positivas para N. meningitidis en un 65% (42 muestras, 74% en vacunados y 52% en no vacunados. . Estimando, a partir de los casos estudiados, los resultados para el total, y excluyendo los casos PCR negativo, encontramos que, para el serogrupo C, sólo en el 27% de los casos ocurridos en vacunados se consigue aislarlo, frente al 80% en los no vacunados (p<0.0001. Estos porcentajes son, para el caso del B, del 59 y 71% respectivamente, diferencia estadísticamente no significativa. CONCLUSIONES: La vacuna provocó una verdadera subdetección de meningococos del serogrupo C entre los casos vacunados

  7. Mercado sanitario privado y territorio en Galicia. Neoliberalismo y nuevas pautas de comportamiento social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús M. González Pérez

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available La crisis del Estado del Bienestar, los procesos de reforma del sistema sanitario público y la introducción de la práctica privada en el Servicio Nacional de Salud (SNS se inscriben en el contexto del neoliberalismo posmoderno. La devaluación del sistema público y la progresiva aceptación social hacia la regulación sanitaria a través de las leyes del mercado explican, por un lado, el reforzamiento de la práctica sanitaria privada y, por otro, la extensión de un modelo de gestión y planificación dominado por las compañías de seguros médicos privados. El aumento en el número de primas y de su facturación en los últimos años son expresión de la confianza que el sector privado significa para las clases sociales más acomodadas del país. La distribución de las distintas tipologías hospitalarias (por finalidad asistencial y tamaño en Galicia se superponen a la jerarquía (poblacional, económica y funcional de la red urbana. El papel regulador del mercado impone una estrategia de distribución territorial marcada por la búsqueda de clientes de un determinado poder adquisitivo. No obstante, la potencialidad económica y la proyección del sector todavía se encuentran demasiado supeditadas a las políticas públicas, al establecimiento de conciertos con el Servicio Galego de Saúde

  8. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse in Galicia, Spain: HPV 16 prevalence and vaccination impact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pérez-Castro, Sonia; Lorenzo-Mahía, Yolanda; Iñarrea Fernández, Amparo; Lamas-González, María José; Sarán-Díez, María Teresa; Rubio-Alarcón, Joaquín; Reboredo-Reboredo, María Consuelo; Mosteiro-Lobato, Sonia; López-Miragaya, Isabel; Torres-Piñón, Julio; Melón-García, Santiago

    2014-10-01

    The etiology of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) can influence the efficacy of Public Health preventive strategies. This study aimed to determine the high-risk papillomavirus (HR-HPV) prevalence in CIN2+ cases in unvaccinated women in Galicia (Spain), the expected impact of bivalent vaccination, and the distribution of HPV 16 in squamous lesions. Ninety-four histologically confirmed cases of CIN2+ (2009-2010) were retrospectively studied: 23 CIN2, 58 CIN3- squamous carcinoma in situ (CIN3-CIS), 5 adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), and 8 invasive squamous cervical cancer (SCC). Linear Array HPV Genotyping Test (Roche Diagnostics, Mannheim, Germany) was performed on the cervical specimens. Bivalent vaccination impact was calculated, based on regional vaccination coverage data, local HR-HPV prevalence, and reported efficacy (direct and cross-protection) of the vaccine. HR-HPV prevalence was 96.8%. The most frequent genotypes were HPV 16 (48.8-58.2%) and HPV 31 (9.3%-12.1%), considering single infections or single-multiple infections, respectively (hierarchical attribution). In squamous lesions, HPV 16 prevalence in women younger than 45 years of age increased in severe lesions (CIN3-CIS/SCC, OR 4.2), and was higher than in older women (OR 5.5). The vaccine could reduce the cumulative incidence of CIN2+ by 50.6% (direct protection), or by 62.7% (direct and cross-protection). HPV vaccination could have a great impact in women younger than 45 years of age due to the high prevalence of HPV 16 in their lesions. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica. All rights reserved.

  9. [Batas Nómadas in Madrid Salud: art and artists in professional community health teams].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castillejo, Mar; Fernández-Cedena, Jorge; Siles, Silvia; Claver, María Dolores; Ávila, Noemí

    2018-06-14

    This article describes the strategy of incorporating artists into the teams of community health in the city of Madrid, specifically in the Madrid Salud Centers. The artistic colletive, Batas Nómadas, formed by three artists expertized in visual arts, has developed performances and participatory aproach to explain the incorporation of art and artists in these teams of professionals of Madrid Salud. Batas Nómadas has carried out sessions in 14 work teams of the Madrid Salud Centers and has collected data in a creative way from the 179 professionals that have participated in these sessions. These actions have shown some needs in community health, and have noticed a meaningful reflection on the usefulness of the art to develop participative strategies into the Madrid Salud teams. Copyright © 2018. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U.

  10. El profesional de las Relaciones Públicas en Galicia: el caso de los principales ayuntamientos gallegos/Professional Public Relations in Galicia: the case of the main Galician city councils

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montse Vázquez Gestal

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Presentamos un estudio que pretende hacer una radiografía sobre el estado actual de la profesión de las Relaciones Públicas actual en el contexto institucional gallego. Para ello, se estudiará el trabajo de RRPP que se desarrolla desde los Ayuntamientos y el papel que juegan los profesionales de este ámbito, así como sus principales funciones, muchas veces alejadas de las propias de un Relaciones Públicas y otras, en cambio, restringidas única y exclusivamente a las de periodista u organizador de eventos. En este sentido, el trabajo aportará datos referentes a la formación originaria de los profesionales responsables de la comunicación en los Ayuntamientos más importantes de Galicia, así como la importancia que desde estas organizaciones institucionales se le concede al puesto de dirección de comunicación. // We present a study which aims to make an x-ray on the current state of the public relations profession in the Galicia institutional context. To do that, will be studied the work of public relations that develops from councils and the role of the professionals in this field, as well as its main functions, often away from their own public relations formation and other, on the other hand, restricted exclusively to the journalism and organizer of events.

  11. Assessment of noise exposure during commuting in the Madrid subway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabacchi, M; Pavón, I; Ausejo, M; Asensio, C; Recuero, M

    2011-09-01

    Because noise-induced hearing impairment is the result not only of occupational noise exposure but also of total daily noise exposure, it is important to take the non-occupational exposure of individuals (during commuting to and from their jobs, at home, and during recreational activities) into account. Mass transit is one of the main contributors to non-occupational noise exposure. We developed a new methodology to estimate a representative commuting noise exposure. The methodology was put into practice for the Madrid subway because of all Spanish subway systems it covers the highest percentage of worker journeys (22.6%). The results of the application highlight that, for Madrid subway passengers, noise exposure level normalized to a nominal 8 hr (L(Ex,8h-cj) ) depends strongly on the type of train, the presence of squealing noise, and the public address audio system, ranging from 68.6 dBA to 72.8 dBA. These values play an important role in a more complete evaluation of a relationship between noise dose and worker health response.

  12. Las bóvedas pétreas nervadas de Galicia: identificación de soluciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Freire-Tellado, M. J.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the different groups of solutions of ribbed stone vaults on four supports that exist in Galicia and it plots them at the same scale. A small group of vaults on eight supports is also included. In order to classify the samples, a system based on the constructive features of the vaults has been used, taking into account their number of supports and the different types of nerves. The systematic approach used allows determining both the dimensions with which the different types of vaults were built as well as the solutions traditionally overlooked.El artículo presenta los distintos grupos de soluciones de bóvedas pétreas nervadas sobre cuatro apoyos que existen en Galicia, representándolas gráficamente a la misma escala. Complementariamente se incluye también un pequeño grupo de bóvedas sobre ocho apoyos. Para clasificar los ejemplos se ha empleado un sistema basado en los rasgos constructivos de las bóvedas, que tiene en cuenta el número de apoyos de éstas y los distintos tipos de nervios presentes. Este criterio sistemático permite apreciar tanto soluciones que tradicionalmente han pasado desapercibidas como las dimensiones con las éstas que han sido construidas.

  13. Aportación al estudio de las rentas provinciales de la Galicia del antiguo régimen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pegerto Saavedra

    1988-01-01

    Full Text Available Las diversas monografías que se han venido realizando sobre la Galicia del Antiguo Régimen coinciden en destacar el escaso peso que tanto, en términos absolutos como relativos, suponían para el campesinado las exacciones de la fiscalidad real. Los datos de que se dispone, de diferentes comarcas, son bastante contundentes al respecto, y prueban que, en la total de las diversas cargas que satisfacía el campesinado, a la Hacienda Real en concepto de rentas provinciales le correspondía siempre menos del 10 por 100, e incluso menos del 5 por 100 en muchas feligresías. No obstante, si en vez de atender a los datos de comarcas concretas, utilizamos las cifras globales con que es posible contar para todo el Reino de Galicia, los resultados varían bastante, lo que no significa que las afirmaciones contenidas en las varias monografías sean falsas. Ocurre que los trabajos monográficos se ocupan, en general, del mundo rural, mientras que la fiscalidad real, como inmediatamente vamos a ver, tenía un marcado carácter urbano, igual que sucedía en el resto de la corona de Castilla.

  14. A review of the political situation in Eastern Galicia at the time appearance and operation of trade unions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. R. Berest

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Discusses the political situation in the society of Eastern Galicia last quarter of XVIII­XIX centuries, which gave the economic push and social background and working organizations for the purpose of its existence, put the problem of social protection of workers, which became a basis of formation of the first trade unions in the Ukrainian lands. On the basis of the documents given to the assessment of the reform of the Austrian Imperial house, contributing to the emergence and development of new trade unions, and the emergence of the Galician elite that his actions contributed to the formation of the intellectuals in the middle of the XIX century. Ukrainian national movement grows from cultural to political. Awareness of own goals and self­sufficiency dictated Ukrainian leaders the need to develop self, separate from the Polish influence the course. At the same time, the limited capacity of the Ukrainian elite and its social base has not yet been possible to establish a permanent representative body, who defended the interests of Ukrainians in Galicia. In General, the existing system of international relations found its clear expression in many areas of public and political life, including in the working environment, which had a crucial influence on the formation of trade unions, at the same time, defined the strategy and tactics of political forces in the political life, the integral part of which, undoubtedly, there were trade unions.

  15. Deep-water scleractinian corals (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) from 2010-2011 INDEMARES expeditions to the Galicia Bank (Spain, northeast Atlantic).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Altuna, Alvaro

    2017-11-23

    During surveys in the Galicia Bank (northeastern Atlantic) in the years 2010-2011 (INDEMARES project), 25 species of scleractinian corals corals were collected in a depth interval of 744-1764 m. Most interesting species are described and depicted. Additionally, species list and remarks are given for the 23 species dredged in the bank during the 1987 SEAMOUNT 1 expedition at 675-1125 m depth.From a literature review and new records from Galicia Bank given herein, 31 species of scleractinian corals are known from this seamount in a depth interval of 614-1764 m depth. Six are colonial and 25 solitary, with 17 occurring on hard bottoms and 14 on soft bottoms. Desmophyllum dianthus, Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata are the most widely distributed species in both number of stations and depth range of specimens collected alive. Some species were recorded outside their previously known bathymetric ranges in the northeastern Atlantic. Javania pseudoalabastra is first documented for the Iberian Peninsula and Spanish faunas. Thrypticotrochus sp. is first collected from the Atlantic Ocean.

  16. Between the imperial identity and national vocation: a generalized image of the Habsburg state official in Galicia (1848−1919

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malanii, Z. M.

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of the social status of the Habsburg state officials in Galicia in the time of 1848−1918. The author analyzes the main key-points of the imperial-class officials functions in the public space of the province. Further, the collaboration between the central authority and local political community is described in the context of absolutist reforms since the end of XVIIІ century. Significant emphasis was placed on the interpretation of management reforms of Joseph II and Franz Joseph. The «discourse» of the Galician officials – a faithful servant of the Emperor, and a supporter of his local nationality and interests, is singled out. Special attention was given to "personal" style of government in Galicia, its structure and constituent elements at the local level, describes the public status of the personality (stadtholder and bezirk governor on a background of legal competence and public expectations. Particular consideration is paid to significance of rituals (audience and official inspection as a means of strengthening the power, support and encourage public authority among the population. Ethos of state officials analyzed according to official regulations and perceptions of provincial society as construction of peculiar behavior of ordinary officials, solved the role of education and public manners.

  17. Sumario de la mineralización metalífera y su genesis en Galicia occidental (España)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ypma, P.J.M.

    1967-01-01

    The mineralizations of Fe, Cu, Li, Sn, W in W. Galicia are discussed. Sulphidic mineralization of Fe and Cu is exemplified by a description of the mine of Fornás (SE. of Santiago de Compostela). Field and laboratory data (including geothermometry of the phases of the Fe-Zn-S system) suggest that the

  18. Decreto 36/1991, de 1 de febrero, por el que se establecen las normas que regulan el funcionamiento del Depósito Legal en Galicia

    OpenAIRE

    Galicia

    1991-01-01

    Son objeto de depósito legal todos los escritos, estampas, imágenes y composiciones musicales producidos en Galicia en ejemplares múltiples con fines de difusión, hechos por procedimientos mecánicos, químicos o de cualquier otra naturaleza.

  19. Nuevas aportaciones a la Conservación y Restauración decimonónica en la Catedral de Sevilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Galán Pérez

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo ofrece nuevas aportaciones a la Conservación y Restauración decimonónica en la Catedral de Sevilla, reconociendo una diversidad en el origen del corpus normativo y legal de protección de la Catedral, identificando las metodologías en su consecución así como las prioridades en las intervenciones restauradoras, comprobando a su vez la formación de las relaciones institucionales que han generado una red en torno al cabildo, con especial relevancia a los profesionales que se dedicaron a la conservación y restauración.

  20. Contents of cadmium, copper, zinc, and lead in organs of Rhizophora mangle in Sevilla River mouth - Cienaga Grande de Santa Marta, Colombian Caribbean

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Naranjo Sanchez, Yury A; Troncoso, Olivo Walberto

    2008-01-01

    In order to determine the contents of cadmium, copper, zinc, and lead in leaves, stalks, and root of Rhizophora mangle, samples from three parcels located in the river Sevilla mouth - Cienaga Grande de Santa Marta, were taken in October 2003. Measures of metals concentrations were made through the Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry technique (ICP-AES). The results indicated that lead concentration in R. mangle organs was below method detection limit ≤38 g/g) except the absorbent root (16.3 g/g); and significant differences exist in the contents of cadmium, copper, zinc, and lead into R. mangle organs, following this concentration order: absorbent roots ≥ stalk ≥ young leaves ≥adult leaves ≥ aerial roots

  1. Teoría y práctica de la planificación territorial en las aglomeraciones urbanas de Sevilla y Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amparo Ferrer Rodríguez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available La actual dinámica urbana en la mayor parte del mundo occidental se caracteriza por un cambio de modelo de crecimiento en el que el protagonismo ha pasado de las grandes urbes, que en su devenir habían propiciado un patrón de ciudad compacta, a sus periferias, lo que ha favorecido el surgimiento de una ciudad difusa, consumidora de una gran cantidad de recursos y generadora de multitud de problemas. Sevilla y Granada, en el caso andaluz, ejemplifican a la perfección este proceso. El planeamiento urbanístico y la planificación territorial intentan, con dudoso éxito, frenar esta tendencia movida por intereses económicos que muchas veces quedan fuera de control.

  2. Élites políticas en Sevilla durante la crisis de la Restauración (1898-1931 : bases sociales y control institucional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro Álvarez Rey

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available Hasta una fecha relativamente reciente la ausencia de estudios referidos a la Sevilla contemporánea constituía uno de los vacíos más sobresalientes de su historiografía local. Esta situación contrastaba con el claro protagonismo histórico —no siempre reconocido— que la capital de la España del Sur había desempeñado durante el período que desembocó en la tragedia de 1936. En efecto, la Sevilla del primer tercio del siglo XX cumplía con creces los objetivos que, según el profesor Tedde de Lorca, la historia local o regional debe perseguir: su carácter de marco de referencia apropiado para examinar, con rigor y profundidad, algunos de los principales problemas de nuestra historia; cubrir vacíos de información, gracias a la observación de cuestiones locales mal o nunca exploradas, y someter las interpretaciones generalmente aceptadas al contraste empírico de nuevos halleizgos. Por todo ello, el estudio de —por ejemplo— los mecanismos de funcionamiento de la vida política local, en una ciudad donde convivieron y desarrollaron su actividad personalidades de la talla de Diego Martínez Barrio, Manuel Giménez Fenández, Pepe Díaz o Manuel Pal Conde, constituía un reto historiográfico de indudable interés.

  3. Los orígenes de la exhibición cinematográfica en Sevilla a través de la prensa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Barrientos Bueno

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La prensa local diaria de Sevilla entre 1896 y 1906 se convierte en instrumento de indudable utilidad para el estudio y conocimiento de la llegada del cinematógrafo a la ciudad, suaceptación e implantación. Las informaciones al respecto, aunque aparecen dispersas y sinsistematizar, garantizan cronologías, títulos de películas junto a otros aspectos. Los datos obtenidos, al margen de particularidades locales, revelan que la realidad sevillana no difiere de otras. Se destacan y comentan siete artículos representativos que tratan la evolución de la fotografía hasta el cinematógrafo, el “enfrentamiento” de cine y teatro, la primera huelga de la industria en Sevilla, la política de algunos empresarios exhibidores y las informaciones de dos espacios –Salón Gaumont y Salón Imperial- en 1906.The Sevillian diary press from 1896 to 1906 becomes an important instrument to study and know of the arriving of the cinematograph to Seville, its acceptance and implantation. Although the press informations about cinema are scattered and disordered, chronologies,titles of films and others aspects are warranted. Despite of local aspects, the facts obtained, reveal that the Sevillian reality wasn´t different from others. Seven representative articles are commented: the photography evolution to the cinematograph, the confrontationbetween theatre and cinema, the first strike of exhibition industry in Seville, the customs of some managers and the information about two representative places in 1906: Salón Gaumont and Salón Imperial

  4. Una nueva interpretación del Patio de la Casa de Contratación del Alcázar de Sevilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almagro, Antonio

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a review of the so called patio of the Casa de Contratación in Seville according to new data provided by recent research on the architecture of al-Andalus. Differing from traditional interpretations that supposed its origin to be in the eleventh century with two reforms in Almohad times, we propose the consideration of an initial Almohad period and successive Christian  transformations, the first of which probably took place in the times of Peter the 1st, in the middle of the fourteenth century, as part as a huge construction program carried out by the Castilian  monarch in the Alcazar of Seville.

    En el presente artículo se aborda una revisión del llamado patio de la casa de Contratación de Sevilla a la luz de los nuevos conocimientos que de la arquitectura andalusí nos han aportado las más recientes investigaciones. Frente a la interpretación tradicional de considerar su origen en el siglo XI y haber sufrido dos reformas de época almohade, proponemos considerar un primer momento de época almohade y sucesivas reformas cristianas, la primera de ellas posiblemente de tiempos de Pedro I, a mediados del siglo XIV, dentro de un gran programa constructivo desarrollado por el monarca castellano en el Alcázar de Sevilla.

  5. Bar Coliseo, en Sevilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de la Peña Neila, Antonio

    1963-10-01

    Full Text Available This bar is situated inside the «Coliseo» building, which houses a cinema, as well as a number of commercial establishments. In order not to break the unity of the total project, no attempt has been made to alter the exterior aspect of the bar. No attempt was made, either, to make it into an intimate, club type of bar, now so much in fashion. Rather has it been given a diaphanous style, seeking the best possible use of the floor space. The windows of the building are elongated, and there is an intermediate floor level, whose detailed structure is metallic. A cleverly designed staircase, of folded sheet metal connects the ground floor, the intermediate floor level and the restaurant. Materials were carefully chosen in accordance with their function. The colour scheme has a sustained unity throughout the building, and care has been taken to avoid surprising or vivid chromatic patterns. Ceramic enamels by the painter Santiago del Campo provide a feature of decoration on the ground floor, and also serve to cover up the return air ducts. On the top floor, the restaurant is fitted with coloured tile facings, the work of the Seville painters Maria Josefa Sánchez, María Dolores Sánchez and Emilio García Ortiz. The bottom joints of the timber beams, in conjunction with the tile patterns, is reminiscent of the traditional Sevillian habit of placing ceramic units between the timber framework of buildings. The initial problem of the architect was to combine the optimum functional efficiency and aesthetic quality of the project, and the final solution is undoubtedly successful.El establecimiento está situado dentro del edificio «Coliseo», complejo formado por una sala de cine, y con la parte lateral destinada a locales comerciales. Formando un conjunto único no se pensó nunca en transformar los revestimientos y molduras de fachada. Tampoco presidió la idea de conseguir un establecimiento íntimo «tipo Club», tan en boga actualmente, sino un establecimiento muy diáfano y un poco «de paso», con vistas al aprovechamiento máximo de la superficie y de su importante rentabilidad. Se rasgaron los huecos de fachada con objeto de aumentar sus luces, y se construyó una planta intermedia a base de elementos metálicos. Una escalera de palastro plegado enlaza la planta baja con la entreplanta y la del restaurante. La elección de materiales se llevó a cabo pensando en lograr un empleo adecuado a su función, y manteniendo una unidad de criterio en cuanto a entonación general de color, huyendo de efectos de cromatismo sorprendente y llamativo. En planta baja hay unos esmaltes cerámicos, obra del pintor Santiago del Campo, que, además de cumplir su misión específica de decoración, ocultan las tomas en el conducto de aspiración de aire viciado. En el restaurante —planta alta— existen unos revestimientos de azulejos decorados, obras de los pintores sevillanos María Josefa Sánchez, María Dolores Sánchez y Emilio García Ortiz. La unión inferior de vigas con madera machihembrada, unida a los azulejos, recuerda la construcción tradicional sevillana de colocar piezas cerámicas entre la viguería de los forjados de madera. El hacer compatible la máxima utilización de un local con la estética del mismo, fue el problema que se planteó y que ha sido resuelto acertadamente.

  6. Red Palinocam: vigilancia en Madrid del polen aerovagante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Cervigón Morales

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available El Programa Regional de Control y Prevención del Asma surge en el año 1992. El programa abordaba una estrategia con cuatro grandes áreas, entre ellas la Vigilancia Ambiental, que en el año 1993 formalizó la Red Palinológica de la Comunidad de Madrid (Red Palinocam. La red se constituye mediante la creación de un comité de expertos, coordinado desde el Instituto de Salud Pública, bajo la dirección técnica de la Facultad de Farmacia de la Universidad Complutense y está integrado por representantes de cada una de las instituciones involucradas. El marco jurídico se completa con acuerdos firmados con los ayuntamientos y con un convenio de colaboración entre la Universidad Complutense de Madrid y la Consejería de Sanidad y Consumo.El objetivo prioritario, basado en la red de muestreo de polen para el territorio de la Comunidad de Madrid, es el conocimiento del contenido polínico de su atmósfera que incide sobre la población afectada de polinosis en cada zona de nuestra área geográfica y en cada momento del año, datos de gran interés desde Salud Pública.La Red Palinocam constituye una herramienta útil en Salud Pública, proporcionando información puntual, a través de Internet y del Servicio de Información Telefónica, durante todo el año de los muestreos aerobiológicos realizados. Así las personas que sufren problemas de alergia y los profesionales sanitarios que se encargan de sus cuidados y los distintos medios de comunicación, pueden conocer los tipos polínicos más frecuentes en cada momento y su concentración en el aire ambiente.

  7. Sobre la inestabilidad de terrenos arenosos en túneles de Madrid perforados con tuneladora

    OpenAIRE

    Arnaiz Ronda, Manuel

    2011-01-01

    En la presente Memoria se presentan varias investigaciones de carácter técnico sobre los problemas de inestabilidad en túneles perforados con tuneladoras E.P.B. en los suelos arenosos de Madrid. Los principales estudios desarrollados son los siguientes: Análisis de las propiedades geotécnicas de Madrid, con especial consideración de los suelos arenosos (de bajo contenido de finos). Como resultado de estos estudios se propone una nueva clasificación de los suelos de Madrid, desde el punto de v...

  8. The SO2 pollution in Madrid: Pt. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Finzi, G.; Garcia, R.; Hernandez, E.

    1983-01-01

    In this work, two different stochastic models will be considered, both oriented to the real-time forecast of daily SO 2 pollution in Madrid. The first one a ''black-box'' model, in which the input-output transfer function is identified by means of the methodology given by Box and Jenkins. The second one is a ''grey-box'' model with a simple reasonable structure in accordance with the physical laws of the phenomena. Moreover, its parameters can assume different values according to the different meteorological synoptic classes defined in part I. The comparison between the performance of the two models shows that the second one is more effective in predicting the critical pollution values

  9. Living (and work of Peruvian immigrants in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Pérez Pérez

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The present article is based on the analysis of the information obtained by means of a statistical analysis of a survey conduct among 110 Peruvian immigrants in Madrid. The living conditions of these workers are presented under a series of headings which include the job sectors in which they settle, various aspects of their working conditions and salaries, dwellings, leisure time activities, contact with their country of origin and the strength of their associationism. Previously, a sociodemographic description of the sample in set out based on an analysis of their distribution by age, sex, level of education and other variables of interest such as when and how they came to Spain or their legal situation.

  10. Áreas vulnerables en el centro de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agustín Hernández Aja

    2007-07-01

    This document shows an vulnerability analysis of the central area of Madrid taken it as the field of APE-00.01. Its objective is to delimit “vulnerable areas” so there can be evaluated the opportunities for interve trough them and then define the best tools in detriment of their vulnerability reasons. To determinate those areas we have developed a sociodemographic analysis where we have found those units of population with vulnerable values. Once determinated, we have synthetize them to define them as easy drafts that makes understandable the work area for later on establish a vulnerable areas catalogue with spatial homogeneity and significant size. The basic nucleus of the análisis has been the sociodemographic fact, based on homogeneus data sources for all the area so they could be referenced to specific spacial areas. In each case has been advised other possible indicators of vulnerability including a signifier selection of thrm on the fifth chapter.

  11. [Health vulnerability mapping in the Community of Madrid (Spain)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramasco-Gutiérrez, Milagros; Heras-Mosteiro, Julio; Garabato-González, Sonsoles; Aránguez-Ruiz, Emiliano; Aguirre Martín-Gil, Ramón

    The Public Health General Directorate of Madrid has developed a health vulnerability mapping methodology to assist regional social health teams in health planning, prioritisation and intervention based on a model of social determinants of health and an equity approach. This process began with the selection of areas with the worst social indicators in health vulnerability. Then, key stakeholders of the region jointly identified priority areas of intervention and developed a consensual plan of action. We present the outcomes of this experience and its connection with theoretical models of asset-based community development, health-integrated georeferencing systems and community health interventions. Copyright © 2016 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  12. El Abasto de Pan en el Madrid del Siglo XVII

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    José Ignacio ANDRÉS UCENDO

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El mercado del pan era el más importante de los mercados de abastos, pero también el que contaba con el más complejo sistema de intervención. Los objetivos de la política de abastos eran asegurar un suministro continuo a precios estables y moderados.Los instrumentos incluían la regulación de los precios del grano y el pan, la provisión directa a través del pósito municipal y, en el caso de la corte, el pan de registro. En este trabajo examinamos la política de tasas, las disposiciones del gobierno y el comportamiento de los precios del pan en Madrid y del trigo en los mercados de origen.

  13. Seismological investigation of earthquakes in the New Madrid Seismic Zone

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Herrmann, R.B.; Nguyen, B.

    1993-08-01

    Earthquake activity in the New Madrid Seismic Zone had been monitored by regional seismic networks since 1975. During this time period, over 3,700 earthquakes have been located within the region bounded by latitudes 35 degrees--39 degrees N and longitudes 87 degrees--92 degrees W. Most of these earthquakes occur within a 1.5 degrees x 2 degrees zone centered on the Missouri Bootheel. Source parameters of larger earthquakes in the zone and in eastern North America are determined using surface-wave spectral amplitudes and broadband waveforms for the purpose of determining the focal mechanism, source depth and seismic moment. Waveform modeling of broadband data is shown to be a powerful tool in defining these source parameters when used complementary with regional seismic network data, and in addition, in verifying the correctness of previously published focal mechanism solutions

  14. BANCA PRIVADA Y VIVIENDA USADA EN LA CIUDAD DE MADRID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Víctor Jiménez Barrado

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El número de viviendas usadas en poder de los bancos ha aumentado de forma notable en los últimos diez años como consecuencia de la crisis económica e hipotecaria. El considerable incremento del paquete de activos tóxicos inmobiliarios (más del 36% entre el año 2012 y 2015 procede, en buena medida, de los impagos a la banca por parte de las familias. La ciudad de Madrid es una de las poblaciones más afectadas por este fenómeno, en la que se acumulan los desahucios día tras día. El presente estudio cuantifica y analiza, a través de la información que facilitan las inmobiliarias de las cinco principales entidades bancarias del país, esta bolsa de viviendas de segunda mano en la capital española. La localización de las mismas dentro del núcleo urbano permite conocer el grado de afectación por distritos. Por otro lado, nos hemos servido de la base de datos socioeconómicos de la Administración Local para determinar la incidencia social del posicionamiento de la banca privada. El análisis espacial a través de Sistemas de Información Geográfica ha revelado comportamientos anómalos de la banca en relación al mercado de compra-venta de viviendas usadas en la ciudad de Madrid.

  15. El problema pesquero con los delfines y su persecución en Galicia (siglos XIII al XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdés Hansen, Felipe

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available An historical study is undertaken to show the conflictive interaction between man as a fisher and dolphins in Galicia, which results in a chase of cetaceans, held responsible as predators for the driving away of fish schools from the coastal waters and for the damaging of fishermen's nets. Special attention is given to the most peculiar aspects of this chase, such as its legislation, the massive killing of dolphins in Pontevedra, or the chasing runs by navy patrolboats in the river estuaries of Galicia. Finally, after mentioning the attempts at establishing a dolphin industry in the 18th and 19thcenturies, a study is made of the most ambitious plan undertaken in the 20th century to secure the involvement of the whaling industry into this activity. The study also refers to the situation of this activity in the rest of Spain both for its direct relationship with and as a precedent for the Galician case, and makes a comparison between them.

    Se realiza un estudio histórico sobre la problemática interacción entre el hombre como pescador y los definidos en Galicia, con la consiguiente persecución de los cetáceos, a los cuales culpan de la escasez de pescado, como depredadores y ahuyentadores de los bancos de peces lejos de la costa, además de ocasionar destrozos en las redes. Se presta especial atención a los aspectos más peculiares de su persecución, como la legislación, los consejos del ilustrado fray Martín Sarmiento, las corridas de arroaces en Pontevedra o las batidas por parte de las patrulleras de la Armada dentro de las rías. Finalmente, tras haber aludido a las primeras tentativas de industrialización de las manadas de delfines desde el siglo XVIII, se analiza el proyecto más destacado en el siglo XX, intentando involucrar en el negocio a la industria ballenera gallega. Todo ello sin obviar lo que acontece en el resto de España por su relación directa, como precedente del caso gallego o

  16. ¿SON LAS TECNOLOGÍAS DE LA INFORMACIÓN CAPACES DE CAMBIAR LAS FORMAS DE HACER POLÍTICA? ESTUDIO DE CASOS EN GALICIA ARE THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES CHANGING POLITICS? CASE STUDY IN GALICIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yolanda García Vázquez

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available En la sociedad industrial los políticos tenían que dominar el lenguaje de la TV pues interesaba más la intensidad de la reacción que la duración del mensaje; debían emplear frases contundentes. En la Sociedad de la Información, con las tecnologías de la comunicación (Tic, esto cambia considerablemente pues la sociedad gana pluralismo y hay más voces que se hacen oír. Aparecen los Blogs como una forma de emitir opinión e información, que podemos considerar como una forma de expresión alternativa (aportan visiones diferentes de las noticias, ignoradas por los grandes medios. Los activistas, partidos políticos, instituciones y ciudadanos encuentran en las Webs, Blogs o Wikis un instrumento para insistir y crear opinión. Las Tic y las herramientas colaborativas de la Web 2.0 generan un mayor interés social en la política, un mayor compromiso e implicación de los individuos y la desaparición de los intermediarios políticos. En estas páginas se muestra una reflexión sobre los impactos de las Tic en la política a nivel teórico, y los resultados de un análisis cualitativo de casos a partir de la observación del uso que hacen de las Tic la plataforma ciudadana “Nunca Máis”, el gobierno autónomo de la Xunta de Galicia, el Parlamento de Galicia y el partido político Bloque Nacionalista Galego.In the industrial society, politicians had to command the language TV since the intensity of the reaction was more important than the length of the message. They had to make categorical statements. In the Information Society with information and communication technologies (TICs, this changes to a great extent due to pluralism and the fact that more people make themselves heard. Blogs appear as a way to give opinion and information, and can be considered as an alternative form of expression –blogs give different views on news ignored by the main media-. Activists, political parties, organizations and citizens use websites, blogs or

  17. Estimación del impacto económico del sector eólico en Galicia en el periodo 2000-2010 || Estimation of the Economic Impact of the Wind Energy Sector in Galicia during 2000-2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varela Vázquez, Pedro

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En Galicia, la energía eólica destaca entre las principales fuentes energéticas autóctonas. Cuantificar su impacto económico es crucial, pero existen una serie de dificultades debidas al análisis diferenciado de las actividades permanentes y temporales, entre otros factores. El principal objetivo de este artículo es estimar el impacto económico de la energía eólica. La metodología se basa en el análisis input-output, mediante el estudio de las cadenas de valor y en la actualización de las estructuras productivas, empleando una variante del RAS. Los resultados muestran un sector con fuertes efectos de arrastre, tanto en su actividad temporal como en la permanente. Sin embargo, la paralización de nuevos parques eólicos limita sustancialmente el impacto económico regional. || Wind energy stands out among the main domestic renewable energy sources in Galicia. The economic impact quantification is crucial but there are several difficulties due to the differential analysis of the temporal and permanent activities, among other factors. The main aim of this paper consists of the economic impact estimation of wind energy. The methodology is based on the input-output analysis, by means of the value chain examination and the productive structure updating, using a RAS variation. The results show a sector with additional output increase, both in temporal as well as permanent activities. Nevertheless, the paralysation of new wind farms restricts substantially the economic impact on the regional GDP.

  18. Experimental hematology: theoretical and practical course, Madrid 31th may to 4th june 1993

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bueren, J.A.; Tejero Ortega, C.

    1993-01-01

    This book contains the lectures of hematology course held in Madrid. The main scope of conferences are: 1.- Hematopoiesis: regulation, growing ionizing radiations, damage and radiation effects. 2.- Radioprotection: stem cells of mouse 3.- Genetic: hematopoietic pathology 4.- Stem cells

  19. Arquitectura regionalista en Galicia: de la mirada al románico a la revalorización del barroco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ramón Iglesias Veiga

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la búsqueda de contenidos en la historia a la hora de definir una arquitectura regionalista en Galicia en las primeras décadas del siglo XX. Esa mirada se contextualiza en una metodología similar a la que emplea el galleguismo en la afirmación de la identidad y cultura propia. En la arquitectura el proceso llevó a valorar la arquitectura popular y las milenarias tradiciones de la cantería granítica, a admirar el románico y a descubrir la singularidad del barroco compostelano. También se examina la importancia de la divulgación de los valores del patrimonio para que la sociedad reconociese complacida aquellos elementos procedentes de la tradición que sus arquitectos incorporaban a sus creaciones.

  20. THE WIND EMPLOYMENT IN SPAIN (1995-2010: A THEORETICAL APPROXIMATION APPLIED TO THE REGION OF GALICIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa Maria Regueiro Ferreira

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of the renewable energies, and especially of the wind power, in the last decades has stayed out of any discussion. The advantages associated with the energy of the odd wind have considered in occasions authentic information that they them should corroborate. For example, about the streghness of creating jobs, there do not exist official statistics that gather the dimension of the created employment, without forgetting that the field of the energy stands out for being intensive in the capital. In this paper, there is realized an analysis of the different bibliographical sources relative to the generation of employment in the wind sector in Spain, establishing a few margins of the creation of the same one for categories for the region of Galicia, in the period (1995-2010.

  1. Selvas yermas. Los pueblos de indios desaparecidos en la costa sur de la Nueva Galicia durante el periodo colonial

    OpenAIRE

    Mejía, Ramón Goyas

    2017-01-01

    Resumen El presente análisis se centra en la desaparición de los pueblos de indios en la alcaldía mayor de la Purificación perteneciente a la Nueva Galicia durante el virreinato. Para la realización de este trabajo se abordó primero la caracterización físico natural de la región, para posteriormente hacer relevante la relación histórica hombre-naturaleza desde la época precolombina, ello con la finalidad de destacar la importancia de la pérdida de población durante el periodo colonial, como t...

  2. Selvas yermas. Los pueblos de indios desaparecidos en la costa sur de la Nueva Galicia durante el periodo colonial

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón Goyas Mejía

    2017-01-01

    El presente análisis se centra en la desaparición de los pueblos de indios en la alcaldía mayor de la Purificación perteneciente a la Nueva Galicia durante el virreinato. Para la realización de este trabajo se abordó primero la caracterización físico natural de la región, para posteriormente hacer relevante la relación histórica hombre-naturaleza desde la época precolombina, ello con la finalidad de destacar la importancia de la pérdida de población durante el periodo colonial, como tema cent...

  3. On the two Galicias: from Lesser Poland to the outskirts of Europe, from the Atlantic to the Vistula river

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    Karolina Golemo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available On the two Galicias: from Lesser Poland to the outskirts of Europe, from the Atlantic to the Vistula river The article is aiming to compare the two European Galicias: the Spanish one, being one of the autonomous communities of Spain and the historical-cultural  region located in the East-Central part of  Europe. Is there, apart from the coincidence of names which may serve as a good starting point for the play of words and anecdotes on ‘national characters’, something more which links these two distant geographic territories? From the socio-cultural perspective it is worth to have a look at the sphere of social ideas and myths which accompany discussions on the two Galicias. Is there in the complicated and quite elusive (in the sense of uncountable, changing and subjective matter of local traditions, daily life patterns and customs, any link between the two European Galicias? In this short article, I will try to refer to certain stereotypes, cultural myths and anecdotes came to being in the sphere of social concepts. They were created, on one hand, by the media (in particular in the context of the unification of the richer Europe with its poorer part, on the other – by individual human experiences, in whose lives dual Galician adventures entwined.   O dwóch Galicjach: z Małopolski na krańce Europy, znad Atlantyku nad Wisłę Celem tekstu jest próba zestawienia ze sobą dwóch Galicji Europy: hiszpańskiej, funkcjonującej jako jedna ze wspólnot autonomicznych Królestwa Hiszpanii, oraz środkowoeuropejskiej, będącej historyczno-kulturowym regionem, niegdyś częścią imperium Habsburgów. Czy poza zbieżnością nazw, która może być dobrym punktem wyjścia do zabaw słownych i anegdot na temat „charakterów narodowych”, istnieje jeszcze coś, co łączy te dwa geograficznie odległe terytoria? Z perspektywy socjologiczno-kulturoznawczej warto się przyjrzeć sferze społecznych wyobrażeń i mitów towarzysz

  4. Dificultades en el estudio de las minorías religiosas: el caso del budismo en Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Jesús Alonso Seoane

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Dentro de la creciente variedad de minorías religiosas existentes en España, probablemente una de las más desconocidas es la comunidad budista. En este artículo, centrado en Galicia, expongo la insuficiencia de las mediciones oficiales y la necesidad de combinar datos estadísticos con investigación cualitativa para conocer las actividades de estos grupos religiosos. A través del análisis de entrevistas, he mostrado sus características principales, formas de organización y algunos de los elementos esenciales que componen sus prácticas de meditación. Con esa información, queda abierta la puerta a conocer sus problemáticas sociales y cotidianas, a menudo invisibilizadas por la incomprensión y la discriminación.

  5. DESARROLLO DE TURISMO SLOW POR MEDIO DE LA ACTIVIDAD ECUESTRE: ESTUDIO DE CASO GRANXA DO SOUTO, GALICIA, ESPAÑA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Fuentes-Moraleda

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The main objective in this study is to explore equestrian activity as a catalyst for slow tourism development. It is focused on the study of Granxa do Souto (Galicia, España. In line with the exploratory nature of this study, a qualitative methodology was adopted in the first phase (two indepth interviews were conducted with the managers at Granxa do Souto. The second phase is based in a quantitative study, where the main aspects studied are motivations, preferences for activities at the destination, gastronomic and equestrian activities. The results reveal a high level of affinity between the equestrian tourist and the slow philosophy, and allow the definition of the main action points in order to adapt Granxa do Souto to the slow philosophy.

  6. PERFIL DEL PROFESORADO DE FORMACIÓN Y ORIENTACIÓN LABORAL EN LOS CENTROS PÚBLICOS DE GALICIA

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    María del Mar Sanjuán Roca

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es presentar el perfil académico y profesional del profesorado que imparte el módulo de Formación y Orientación Laboral, para ello se mostrarán datos de un estudio (Sanjuán, 2008 realizado durante el curso académico 2006-2007 en los centros públicos de Galicia. Mostraremos cual fue la formación inicial y la formación en servicio de este profesorado, las diferencias en el nivel de cualificación y en la especialidad; además, veremos el voluntarismo al que estuvo sujeta su formación pedagógica y, por último, comprobaremos cómo la formación en servicio tiene un seguimiento desigual.

  7. Analysis of business incubators in Galicia through the «Integral Model of economic profitability»

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    Francisco Jesús Ferreiro Seoane

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Una de las políticas económicas utilizadas por los diversos gobier - nos para el desarrollo local y regional es el fomento del emprendimiento a tra - vés de los viveros de empresas, que contribuyen a la creación de empresas, de puestos de trabajo, incrementar las tasas de supervivencia empresarial y el pago de impuestos y cotizaciones sociales a las administraciones públicas. Pero como contrapartida son consumidores de recursos ajenos, con gran dependencia del sector público. En este estudio se pretende analizar la contribución neta de estos centros de iniciativas empresariales en Galicia (España, mediante la utilización del «Modelo integral de la rentabilidad de los viveros de empresas» basado en ecuaciones estructurales.

  8. Gymkhana Matemática para estudiantes universitarios por la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid

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    Mª Dolores López González

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo recoge la experiencia del Grupo de Innovación Educativa(GIE “Pensamiento Matemático” de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid(UPM en la realización de una Gymkhana Matemática por el campus deMoncloa en la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid que tuvo lugar el 30 de septiembre de 2011.

  9. Regional water footprint and water management: the case of Madrid region (Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Soler Rovira, José; Arroyo Sanz, Juan Manuel; Conde Marcos, Hugo; Sanz Zudaire, Carlos; Mesa Moreno, Alfredo; Gil Pascual, Sergio

    2010-01-01

    Water resources and water footprint of the production and consumption in Madrid region were estimated, considering blue water (water resources), green water (soil moisture), grey water (polluted water) and virtual water (water trade in products imported and exported in the region). Water resources in Madrid relay mainly in surface waters and rainfall, so the periodic occurrence of meteorological droughts implies the scarcity of water supply. The main users of blue water are households, munici...

  10. Getting brand commitment through internet and mobile sports marketing: an insight on Real Madrid football team

    OpenAIRE

    Baena Graciá, Verónica

    2014-01-01

    This chapter provides a better understanding of the impact that the Internet and mobile sports marketing are having on a business's ability to achieve customer engagement. To achieve this goal, the case of Real Madrid football team is analyzed, as it is calculated to have over 200 million supporters worldwide. Information about Real Madrid was gathered from September 2012 to March 2013 by repeatedly browsing the team's Website, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and apps. Data from interviews of R...

  11. Resolving the fine-scale velocity structure of continental hyperextension at the Deep Galicia Margin using full-waveform inversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davy, R. G.; Morgan, J. V.; Minshull, T. A.; Bayrakci, G.; Bull, J. M.; Klaeschen, D.; Reston, T. J.; Sawyer, D. S.; Lymer, G.; Cresswell, D.

    2018-01-01

    Continental hyperextension during magma-poor rifting at the Deep Galicia Margin is characterized by a complex pattern of faulting, thin continental fault blocks and the serpentinization, with local exhumation, of mantle peridotites along the S-reflector, interpreted as a detachment surface. In order to understand fully the evolution of these features, it is important to image seismically the structure and to model the velocity structure to the greatest resolution possible. Traveltime tomography models have revealed the long-wavelength velocity structure of this hyperextended domain, but are often insufficient to match accurately the short-wavelength structure observed in reflection seismic imaging. Here, we demonstrate the application of 2-D time-domain acoustic full-waveform inversion (FWI) to deep-water seismic data collected at the Deep Galicia Margin, in order to attain a high-resolution velocity model of continental hyperextension. We have used several quality assurance procedures to assess the velocity model, including comparison of the observed and modeled waveforms, checkerboard tests, testing of parameter and inversion strategy and comparison with the migrated reflection image. Our final model exhibits an increase in the resolution of subsurface velocities, with particular improvement observed in the westernmost continental fault blocks, with a clear rotation of the velocity field to match steeply dipping reflectors. Across the S-reflector, there is a sharpening in the velocity contrast, with lower velocities beneath S indicative of preferential mantle serpentinization. This study supports the hypothesis that normal faulting acts to hydrate the upper-mantle peridotite, observed as a systematic decrease in seismic velocities, consistent with increased serpentinization. Our results confirm the feasibility of applying the FWI method to sparse, deep-water crustal data sets.

  12. Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis as pathogenic contaminants of water in Galicia, Spain: the need for safe drinking water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro-Hermida, José Antonio; González-Warleta, Marta; Mezo, Mercedes

    2015-01-01

    The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to detect the presence of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis in drinking water treatments plants (DWTPs) in Galicia (NW Spain) and to identify which species and genotype of these pathogenic protozoans are present in the water. Samples of untreated water (surface or ground water sources) and of treated drinking water (in total, 254 samples) were collected from 127 DWTPs and analysed by an immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT) and by PCR. Considering the untreated water samples, Cryptosporidium spp. were detected in 69 samples (54.3%) by IFAT, and DNA of this parasite was detected in 57 samples (44.8%) by PCR, whereas G. duodenalis was detected in 76 samples (59.8%) by IFAT and in 56 samples (44.0%) by PCR. Considering the treated drinking water samples, Cryptosporidium spp. was detected in 52 samples (40.9%) by IFAT, and the parasite DNA was detected in 51 samples (40.1%) by PCR, whereas G. duodenalis was detected in 58 samples (45.6%) by IFAT and in 43 samples (33.8%) by PCR. The percentage viability of the (oo)cysts ranged between 90.0% and 95.0% in all samples analysed. Cryptosporidium andersoni, C. hominis, C. parvum and assemblages A-I, A-II, E of G. duodenalis were identified. The results indicate that Cryptosporidium spp. and G. duodenalis are widespread in the environment and that DWTPs are largely ineffective in reducing/inactivating these pathogens in drinking water destined for human and animal consumption in Galicia. In conclusion, the findings suggest the need for better monitoring of water quality and identification of sources of contamination. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  13. Peridotites and mafic igneous rocks at the foot of the Galicia Margin: an oceanic or continental lithosphere? A discussion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Korprobst, J.; Chazot, G.

    2016-10-01

    An ultramafic/mafic complex is exposed on the sea floor at the foot of the Galicia Margin (Spain and Portugal). It comprises various types of peridotites and pyroxenites, as well as amphibole-diorites, gabbros, dolerites and basalts. For chronological and structural reasons (gabbros were emplaced within peridotites before the continental break-up) this unit cannot be assigned to the Atlantic oceanic crust. The compilation of all available petrological and geochemical data suggests that peridotites are derived from the sub-continental lithospheric mantle, deeply transformed during Cretaceous rifting. Thus, websterite dykes extracted from the depleted MORB mantle reservoir (DMM), were emplaced early within the lithospheric harzburgites; subsequent boudinage and tectonic dispersion of these dykes in the peridotites, during deformation stages at the beginning of rifting, resulted in the formation of fertile but isotopically depleted lherzolites. Sterile but isotopically enriched websterites, would represent melting residues in the peridotites, after significant partial melting and melt extraction related to the thermal erosion of the lithosphere. The latter melts are probably the source of brown amphibole metasomatic crystallization in some peridotites, as well as of the emplacement of amphibole-diorite dykes. Melts directly extracted from the asthenosphere were emplaced as gabbro within the sub-continental mantle. Mixing these DMM melts together with the enriched melts extracted from the lithosphere, provided the intermediate isotopic melt-compositions - in between the DMM and Oceanic Islands Basalts reservoir - observed for the dolerites and basalts, none of which are characterized by a genuine N-MORB signature. An enriched lithospheric mantle, present prior to rifting of the Galicia margin, is in good agreement with data from the Messejana dyke (Portugal) and more generally, with those of all continental tholeiites of the Central Atlantic Magmatic Province (CAMP

  14. Spatial variability of potential pollutants in a vineyard of the Ribeiro D.O. (Galicia-NW Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varela, Irene; Vidal-Vázquez, Eva; Paz-González, Antonio; Lado, Marcos

    2015-04-01

    The Ribeiro is one of the five wine growing D.O. in the region of Galicia (NW Spain). Wine making is the most important economic activity in the area, and in the last years, the total area covered with vineyards has steadily increased. Some common farming activities related to wine growing, including fertilization or the application of fungicides, can result in an increase of the concentrations of several elements in the soil and contribute to its degradation. At the same time, soil properties can vary between cultivated plots, or even within a specific plot, the spatial variability of some properties, including pollutants, can be highly significant. Thus, the objective of the present work was to study the concentrations of different elements and their variability in a vineyard soil of the Ribeiro D.O. Sixty five samples separated by 80 cm each were collected along a transect from the topsoil (0-20 cm) of a vineyard located in the EVEGA experimental station in Leiro (Galicia-NW Spain). Samples were transported to the laboratory, air-dried, and sieved through a 2-mm-mesh sieve. Several soil properties, including macro and micronutrients, and heavy metals were measured using DTPA as extractant. Results showed that available Fe and Mn concentrations were high or very high, possibly due to the strongly-acid soil pH. An overfertilization with P was observed, which can contribute to the eutrophication of nearby water bodies. Available Zn concentrations fluctuated between medium and high, and available Cu showed a high concentration (CuDTPA 25,69 g kg-1), possibly resulting from the sustained application of fungicides including Cu in their composition. In general, the variability of the measured properties was medium or low.

  15. La Guerra Civil en los programas de producción propia de la Televisión de Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Román Portas

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo intenta ofrecer una relación exhaustiva de los programas de producción propia emitidos por la Televisión de Galicia sobre la Guerra Civil. Se incluyen documentales, series de ficción, u otras fórmulas de programas (debates, talk shows, etc.. Este material se ha analizado con el fin de conocer cómo se ha ido transmitiendo, y en qué medida ha podido estar teñido por enfoques ideológicos o culturales. Sobre estos análisis se ha elaborado el texto correspondiente. La TVG es una televisión autonómica, de titularidad pública, que inició sus emisiones el 24 de julio de 1985. Desde entonces los directores de la compañía han ido cambiando al compás de los cambios en la presidencia de la Xunta de Galicia. La metodología incluye el visionado de 1.520 minutos (alrededor de 25 horas de cinta pertenecientes al archivo DOPO (documentos de producción propia de la TVG. Dentro de este archivo, se realizó una selección previa de todos aquellos documentos cuya sinopsis o minutaje incluyera los términos "Guerra Civil". Un total de 96 documentos. Una vez revisados los documentos escritos que contenían toda la información sobre los distintos documentales o reportajes, se borraron de la lista aquellos en los que la Guerra Civil era simplemente mencionada (no tratada.

  16. Teatro, literatura dramática, educación popular y construcción nacional. Galicia , 1882- 1936

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel F. VIEITES

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Entre 1882 y 1936 tiene lugar en Galicia un proceso de definición identitaria y de construcción nacional promovido por un movimiento cultural, el movimiento galleguista, que, a partir de 1918, comienza su transformación en un movimiento político del que nace, en 1931, el Partido Galleguista. Con el estreno del espectáculo A fonte do xuramento comienza todo un proyecto de promoción de la creación dramática y de la realización teatral, ámbitos artísticos que se configuran como instrumentos privilegiados en los procesos de educación popular a través de los que se transmiten representaciones de la identidad, se formula una idea de la nación, se reescribe la historia conformando mitos y héroes y se presentan los conflictos sociales, económicos o políticos que afectaban a aquellos sectores sociales que el movimiento galleguista consideraba depositarios de las esencias nacionales: labradores y marineros. ABSTRACT: Between 1882 and 1936 a process of identity definition and nationbuilding took place in Galicia. It was promoted by a cultural movement, the Galician Movement, which, from 1918 onwards, began its transformation into a political movement and was the cornerstone of the Galician Party, created in 1931. The premiere of the play A fonte do xuramento was the starting point of an ambitious project of drama and theatre promotion, two artistic areas that became privileged tools in the processes of community education and conscientization. They were intended to show identity representations, to draw up the idea of the nation, to rewrite the history of the nation, with its miths and heroes, and to enact the most important social, economical and political conflicts affecting the two social groups that were considered the real repositories of the national essences: farmworkers and fishermen.

  17. Impacto de los títulos propios de la Universidad de Sevilla desde la perspectiva de los alumnos egresados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Angeles LÓPEZ ROMERO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Pocos son los trabajos que en España tienen como objetivo evaluar la calidad de los estudios de postgrado y, más concretamente, de los títulos propios que imparten las universidades. Dada la creciente difusión y complejidad de los títulos de Master y Experto en todo el territorio nacional y en todas las áreas de conocimiento, se hace conveniente valorar la repercusión y resultados que éstos están obteniendo. Por este motivo, hemos llevado a cabo una evaluación que utiliza como fuentes de información a 93 alumnos que finalizaron un título de Master o Experto Universitario de la Universidad de Sevilla en los años 1996 y 1997, con la finalidad de conocer el impacto que estos estudios están teniendo en el mercado laboral y los principales aspectos positivos y negativos que estos alumnos encontraron durante su realización. Para la recogida de información se ha empleado una encuesta que incluye ítems de diferente naturaleza y que fue enviada por correo postal. Las respuestas han sido analizadas mediante técnicas estadísticas descriptivas y técnicas lexicométricas, obteniendo resultados que apuntan a la escasa visión práctica de estos estudios y sus limitaciones a la hora de la inserción laboral.ABSTRACT: In Spain few research teams can be found whose main aim is to assess the quality of university postgraduate programs and, more specifically, Master's Degree Programs. Due to the growing diffusion and complexity of these studies in all fields and through the whole national territory, it would be advisable to evaluate the results and repercussions they are achieving. For this reason, we decided to conduct an evaluation based on a study of 93 alumni who concluded a master's degree program between 1996 and 1997 at the University of Seville. Its main aim was to know the impact of their studies in the job market and to identify the strengths and weaknesses that these students found while attending them. Data was obtained by

  18. Reconstruir la historia del turismo a través de la prensa: la evolución del espacio turístico de Sevilla (1915-2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arsenio Villar Lama

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Sevilla representa uno de los destinos turísticos urbanos más significativos de España. Sin embargo, dicha relevancia no se ve acompañada de una literatura científica equivalente. El objetivo de este artículo es explotar las fuentes hemerográficas (prensa y revistas como base documental para reconstruir la historia del turismo de la ciudad de Sevilla y analizar la evolución de su espacio turístico desde principios del siglo XX hasta la actualidad. En total se recopilan 629 documentos en prensa, entre noticias, anuncios, reportajes y artículos de opinión; que se categorizan en los principales elementos del sistema turístico: accesos y movilidad, alojamiento, demanda, recursos monumentales y oferta complementaria, y política turística. La reconstrucción histórica se ha sintetizado en 7 grandes etapas, permitiendo describir y cartografiar la trayectoria histórica del turismo en la ciudad. Este documento es una contribución inédita en Sevilla y una aportación complementaria a estudios análogos en otros destinos urbanos.

  19. GuMNet - Guadarrama Monitoring Network initiative (Madrid,Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santolaria-Canales, Edmundo

    2017-04-01

    The Guadarrama Monitoring Network initiative (GuMNet) is an observational infrastructure focused on monitoring the state of the atmosphere, surface and subsurface in the Sierra de Guadarrama, 50 km NW of the city of Madrid. The network is composed of 10 automatic real time weather stations ranging from low altitude (ca. 900 m.a.s.l) to high mountain areas (ca. 2400 m.a.s.l). The GuMNet infrastructure consists in 10 real time automatic weather stations with instrumentation for observing the state of the atmosphere, surface and the subsurface at the Sierra de Guadarrama, just 50 km north-northwest of the city of Madrid. GuMNet lays the foundations of a research network on weather, soil thermodynamics, boundary layer physics, climate and ecosystem oriented impacts, air pollutions, etc. in the Sierra de Guadarrama. GuMNet represents a first step to provide a unique observational network in an environment of high protection to be used as a laboratory serving a wide range of scientific and educational interests. High altitude sites are focused on periglacial areas and lower altitude sites have emphasis on pastures. One of the low altitude sites is equipped with a 10 m high anemometric tower with a 3D sonic anemometer at the top jointly with a CO2/H2O analyzer that will allow sampling of wind profiles and H2O and CO2 eddy covariance fluxes, important for soil respiration and CO2 and water vapor exchange. A portable station has also a 3D sonic anemometer with CO2/H2O analyzer, this 4 meters-high portable tower is designed for comparison with other soil terrain fluxes. The network is connected via general packet radio service (GPRS) to the central lab in the Campus of Excellence of Moncloa and a management software has been developed to handle the operation of the infrastructure. The deployment of instrumentation and connection of sites to the network was finished in 2016. GuMNet is currently in the process of becoming operational. Conceptually, GuMNet intends to convert a

  20. Ancestry Analysis in the 11-M Madrid Bomb Attack Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phillips, Christopher; Prieto, Lourdes; Fondevila, Manuel; Salas, Antonio; Gómez-Tato, Antonio; Álvarez-Dios, José; Alonso, Antonio; Blanco-Verea, Alejandro; Brión, María; Montesino, Marta; Carracedo, Ángel; Lareu, María Victoria

    2009-01-01

    The 11-M Madrid commuter train bombings of 2004 constituted the second biggest terrorist attack to occur in Europe after Lockerbie, while the subsequent investigation became the most complex and wide-ranging forensic case in Spain. Standard short tandem repeat (STR) profiling of 600 exhibits left certain key incriminatory samples unmatched to any of the apprehended suspects. A judicial order to perform analyses of unmatched samples to differentiate European and North African ancestry became a critical part of the investigation and was instigated to help refine the search for further suspects. Although mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and Y-chromosome markers routinely demonstrate informative geographic differentiation, the populations compared in this analysis were known to show a proportion of shared mtDNA and Y haplotypes as a result of recent gene-flow across the western Mediterranean, while any two loci can be unrepresentative of the ancestry of an individual as a whole. We based our principal analysis on a validated 34plex autosomal ancestry-informative-marker single nucleotide polymorphism (AIM-SNP) assay to make an assignment of ancestry for DNA from seven unmatched case samples including a handprint from a bag containing undetonated explosives together with personal items recovered from various locations in Madrid associated with the suspects. To assess marker informativeness before genotyping, we predicted the probable classification success for the 34plex assay with standard error estimators for a naïve Bayesian classifier using Moroccan and Spanish training sets (each n = 48). Once misclassification error was found to be sufficiently low, genotyping yielded seven near-complete profiles (33 of 34 AIM-SNPs) that in four cases gave probabilities providing a clear assignment of ancestry. One of the suspects predicted to be North African by AIM-SNP analysis of DNA from a toothbrush was identified late in the investigation as Algerian in origin. The results

  1. Pardos Militias in the Region of New Galicia (Kingdom of New Spain. An Analysis of Social and Political Practices during the Second Half of the Eighteenth Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Rojas Galván

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper is analyzed the sociopolitical aspects that promoted the prominence of the “pardos” from New Galicia into the colonial structure.  The research takes to theoretical reference the perspectives from regional History and social History because looking for prove the territory transformation respect to several conditions of the society. The documental resources come from the Spanish and Mexican History Archives. The results of this research show the reasons by what cause the Spanish Crown gave to militia “Pardos” certain benefits like militia status in regional codes of law, use weapon, free taxes and other privileges. Moreover is demonstrate what these practice were not enough to reach at the power group in the New Spain. In spite of the pardos achieved relational with other groups in low castas in New Galicia and attenuate the negative effects suffer in the groups originating from Africa.

  2. Escenario para una Corte real: Madrid en tiempos de Enrique IV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Pilar RÁBADE OBRADÓ

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo pretende estudiar la itinerancia cortesana durante el reinado de Enrique IV de Castilla (1454-1474, en relación con el caso concreto de Madrid. El estudio se va a realizar a través del análisis de la crónica del reinado redactada por Diego Enríquez del Castillo. Durante el reinado de Enrique IV, Madrid fue la ciudad que se convirtió con más frecuencia en residencia de la Corte. Lo fue porque Madrid contaba con alicientes como su estratégica ubicación geográfica, su potente alcázar y la proximidad con el cazadero de El Pardo. Madrid albergó a la Corte en momentos de calma y sosiego y en otros convulsos y difíciles. Además, Madrid fue testigo de acontecimientos muy destacados de la vida del rey: el nacimiento de su hija Juana, e incluso su muerte.Ce travail essaie d'étudier l'itinérance de la cour pendant le règne d'Henri IV de Castille (1454-1474, en relation avec le cas concret de Madrid. L'étude partira de l'analyse de la chronique du règne rédigée par Diego Enríquez del Castillo. Sous Henri IV, Madrid a été la ville qui s'est le plus fréquemment convertie en résidence de la cour. En effet, Madrid disposait des attraits suivants : sa situation géographique stratégique, son puissant alcazar et la proximité du manoir de chasse d’El Pardo. Madrid a hébergé la cour dans des moments de calme comme dans des périodes agitées. De plus, Madrid a été témoin d'événements importants de la vie du roi : la naissance de sa fille Juana, et même sa mort.

  3. Revitalización parcial del Hospital de las Cinco Llagas de Sevilla como sede del Parlamento de Andalucía

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Pérez, Pedro

    1994-02-01

    Full Text Available The Hospital of the Cinco Llagas of Sevilla was designed by Martín Gaínza in the middle of XVI century. It had patient's rooms disposed in the form of a double cross surrounded by patios with exterior perimetric aisles making up a large rectangular floor. The church, created by Hernán Ruiz el Mozo, is located in the principal patio and, with its height and its grim volume, it dominates the horizontal mass of the whole, representing a magnificent background for the esplanade which separates it from the Almohad city walls. Tills remarkable building which had preserved its medical function until a little longer than a decade ago, has been the seat of the Parliament of Andalucía since 28 February, 1992. This article is a brief summary of the history of the Hospital, its condition at the beginning of the eighties and of the studies, projects and the works carried out on the building in order to restore it and adapt it to the new use.

    El Hospital de las Cinco Llagas de Sevilla fue trazado por Martín de Gaínza a mediados del siglo XVI, disponiendo las salas de enfermos en doble crucero y rodeándolas por patios cuyas naves perimetrales exteriores completan una gran planta rectangular. La iglesia, creada por Hernán Ruíz el Mozo, se sitúa en el patio principal, dominando con su gran altura y su severo volumen la masa horizontal del conjunto, soberbio telón de fondo de la explanada que lo separa de la muralla almohade de la ciudad. El notable edificio, que ha conservado su función sanitaria hasta hace poco más de una década, es desde el veintiocho de febrero de 1992 la sede del Parlamento de Andalucía. Este artículo es un apretado resumen de la historia del viejo Hospital, de su estado a principio de los años ochenta y de los estudios, proyectos y obras llevadas a cabo sobre él para restaurarlo y adaptarlo a los nuevos usos.

  4. La cimentación del edificio histórico de la Fábrica de Tabacos de la Universidad de Sevilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González García de Velasco, C.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the main works to be developed by the University of Seville in the building of “La Fábrica de Tabacos” restoration, consists of an underground galleries net to pass by installations and other facilitites for the new uses of this historic building. To execute these galleries, we need to know the dimensions and typologies of the building foundations and also the history of its construction, because it could reveal us the possible existence of archaeological remains. This paper investigates, both through the building history and through some specific underground explorations, the knowledge of this building foundations and the real possibilities to carry out these galleries without archaeological incidences. The building sits on a land formerly depressed and later excavated to the full extent of the plant, and whose foundations were executed from below as walls and pillars, and being later all the plant filled to the ground level by providing current soil.

    Una de las principales obras a llevar a cabo en la rehabilitación del edificio de “La Fábrica de Tabacos” de la Universidad de Sevilla, es la ejecución de galerías subterráneas para el tendido de las instalaciones necesarias para sus nuevos usos. Para poder realizar estas galerías se necesita conocer las dimensiones y tipología de las cimentaciones del edificio, lo que nos podría desvelar la posibilidad de existencia de restos arqueológicos en el subsuelo. El objetivo del presente trabajo persigue, tanto a través del estudio de la historia del edificio como mediante prospecciones, conocer la tipología de sus cimentaciones para determinar las posibilidades físicas de ejecutar dichas galerías, y para deducir de ello la posible existencia de restos arqueológicos que pudieran afectar a las futuras obras a desarrollar por la Universidad de Sevilla. De todo ello se deduce que el edificio se asienta sobre un terreno antiguamente deprimido, que fue adem

  5. ANÁLISIS DE UN BROTE DE SARAMPIÓN EN UNA BARRIADA DE LA PROVINCIA DE SEVILLA, ESPAÑA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Luna Sánchez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: En 2011 en Sevilla (España un brote de Sarampión afec- tó a 1.759 personas. Comenzó en la Barriada de Santa Isabel, San Juan de Az- nalfarache (Sevilla, donde reside una comunidad Romaní. El objetivo del trabajo es describir epidemiologicamente el brote en la localidad y calcular el riesgo de enfermar por sarampión de los residentes en la barriada Santa Isa- bel. Método: Se diseñó un estudio de cohortes retrospectivo. Se consideró población expuesta a los residentes en la barriada de Santa Isabel y no ex- puesta a la del resto del municipio. Las fuentes de datos fueron: el Instituto de Estadística de Andalucía, el Ayuntamiento del municipio y el Sistema de Vi- gilancia Epidemiológica de Andalucía. Se describió el brote y se calcularon incidencias y el Riesgo Relativo. Los casos fueron confirmados por criterios clínicos, de laboratorio y/o epidemiológicos. Resultados: En la barriada los casos se concentraron entre el colectivo etario de entre 2 y 19 años, mientras que en el resto de la localidad se produ- jo en menores de 2 y mayores de 19 años. La incidencia global del brote fue de 0,98 por 1.000 habitantes. En San Juan de 4,94 . Entre los expuestos fue de 23,15 y de 2,1 en los no expuestos. En el colectivo de 2 a 19 años la inciden- cia fue 89,58 por 1.000 habitantes en la Barriada y de 5,33 por 1.000 habitan- tes en el resto de la localidad. Conclusiones: El brote afectó en mayor medida a menores de 20 años, a población no vacunada y residente en la Barriada Santa Isabel. El riesgo de enfermar de Sarampión en la Barriada fue de 11 y de 17 en el colectivo entre 2 y 19 años. Precisamos elaborar estrategias que reduzcan las desigualdades en salud que acompañan a algunos brotes epidémicos.

  6. Impacto de las leyes de control del tabaquismo en la exposición al humo ambiental de tabaco en Galicia (2005-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Pérez-Ríos

    2014-01-01

    Conclusiones: En Galicia, en el periodo 2005-2011 disminuyó de forma importante la prevalencia autodeclarada de exposición al HAT, en especial después de la implantación de las Leyes 28/2005 y 42/2010. No obstante, uno de cada cuatro gallegos de 16 a 74 años de edad declararon estar expuestos en 2011.

  7. ITINERARIOS INSTITUCIONALIZADOS: RESPONSABILIDADES Y DINÁMICAS DE EXCLUSIÓN EN LA PROTECCIÓN DE LOS MENORES MIGRANTES NO ACOMPAÑADOS EN GALICIA

    OpenAIRE

    Moreira , Sofía ,

    2013-01-01

    International audience; This paper aims at revealing the partial results of the research I have been conducting since 2010 with the community of unaccompanied children and youngsters hosted by the protection system of the Autonomous Community of Galicia (Spain). The research focuses on a case study, including adolescents from a specific territory of Morocco, the province of Beni Mellal, one of the most relevant out-bound migration regions into Spain and Italy. The study points out some gaps i...

  8. Imported malaria in children in Madrid, Spain, 2007-2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez, Beatriz Soto; Tato, L M Prieto; Martín, S Guillén; Pérez, E; Grasa, C; Valderrama, S; Augusto, I de; Sierra, M; Ros, M García; Aguado, I; Hortelano, M García López

    The majority of malaria cases diagnosed in Europe in the last few years have occurred in people living in non-endemic areas travelling back to their home country to visit friends and relatives (VFRs). Children account for 15-20% of imported malaria, with known higher risk of severe disease. A retrospective multicentre study was conducted in 24 hospitals in Madrid (Spain) including patients under 16 years diagnosed with malaria (2007-2013). A total of 149 episodes in 147 children were reported. Plasmodium falciparum was the species most commonly isolated. Twenty-five patients developed severe malaria and there was one death related to malaria. VFR accounted for 45.8% of our children. Only 17 VFRs had received prophylaxis, and 4 of them taken appropriately. They presented more frequently with fever (98% vs. 69%), a longer time with fever (55 vs. 26%), delay in diagnosis of more than three days (62 vs. 37%), and more thrombocytopenia (65 vs. 33%) than non-VFRs, and with significant differences (pmalaria cases in our study. They seldom took adequate prophylaxis, and delayed the visit to the physician, increasing the length of fever and subsequent delaying in diagnosis. Appropriate preventive measures, such as education and pre-travel advices should be taken in this population. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica. All rights reserved.

  9. Hydrothermal behaviour of sedimentary saponitic clays from Madrid Basin

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cuevas Rodriguez, J.

    1993-01-01

    The hydrothermal behavior of sedimentary saponitic clays from Madrid Basin has been investigated to assess their potential use as a buffer material in high level radioactive waste repositories. This paper deals with a review of several aspects that has been studied: the adsorption and irreversible fixation of K'+, the alteration in absence of potassium and the effects of heat and steam on textural properties of the smectitic clay. Experiments have covered temperatures up to 175 degree centigree with an excess of liquid water except on the last subject. Chemical and XRD analyses of final clay products and solutions indicates minor alteration of the saponite in the hydrothermal experiments either in the presence or absence of potassium. No illitization or chloritization processes seems to affect the smectite. Sepiolite was found to be largely dissolved at 175 degree centigree, a process that inhibited recrystallization or formation of illite observed when illite was present in significant amounts in starting materials. Accessory minerals (illite and sepiolite) accompanying as traces the saponitic material underwent and intense degradation at 175 degree centigree in absence of potassium. On the other hand, clay steamed at 200 degree centigree showed significant textural changes forming highly stable silt size aggregates which hindered the swelling abilities of the saponitic material, a fact that was previously observed in montmorillonites. (Author) 25 refs

  10. La imagen alfonsina del Palacio Real de Madrid

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    José Luis Sancho

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available A finales del siglo XIX el Palacio Real de Madrid sufrió una reforma que supuso un cambio importante en el aspecto interior de esta residencia real. En 1879 y con el segundo matrimonio de Alfonso XII como causa inmediata, la decoración se puso al servicio de una escenografía monárquica bastante diferente a la isabelina. Los cambios no fueron en absoluto puntuales, sino que respondieron a una campaña global y pensada de una vez, cuyas cabezas más destacadas fueron el arquitecto mayor de Palacio, José Segundo de Lema, y el conde de Valencia de Don Juan como asesor histórico-artístico, y que estaba en perfecto acuerdo con el momento político y el gusto de su momento. La restauración alfonsina, ya consolidada, exigía una imagen oficial de la monarquía en la cual el lujo inherente a la representación no podía quedar encerrado en perpetuar la pompa dieciochesca, según había señalado un publicista tan notable como Galdós.

  11. Complejo parroquial de Santa Ana, en Moratalaz, Madrid

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    Fisac, Miguel

    1967-06-01

    Full Text Available This church is sited at Moratalaz, a modern district of low rent houses in Madrid, and the architect has attempted to represent in the design the liturgical concepts developed in the Vatican II Council. These precise ideas have been expressed in the architecture by means of highly plastic symbols. In addition, the planform is very functional and the reinforced and prestressed concrete have been almost the only material used: so that the construction medium is also in accord with the modern nature of the design. The shapes, the space arrangement and everything which might seem a capricious creation of the artist in fact are the result of a detailed analysis of function and reason.Este complejo parroquial se ha levantado en Moratalaz, que es un barrio popular de la capital de España, procurando imprimir y recoger todas las premisas litúrgicas marcadas por el Concilio Vaticano II. El arquitecto ha plasmado sus precisas ideas en un edificio de gran expresividad plástica y de planta orgánica y eficaz, utilizando, casi exclusivamente, un material de nuestro tiempo: hormigón armado y pretensado. Las formas, la disposición de espacios y todo cuanto puede parecer caprichosa creación del artista, no son, en realidad, sino resultado de un cuidadoso estudio de funcionalismo racional y utilitario.

  12. [Health behavior of schoolchildren in a metropolitan area of Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andradas Aragonés, V; Fernández San Martín, I M

    1994-01-01

    To describe health behavior of students about diet, alcohol and tobacco, dental-oral hygiene, leisure time activities and interpersonal relations. 942 Students have been carried out. Children come from six schools of the town of Parla (in the south of Madrid). They are from 9 to 14 years old. The instruments have been made for this study, helping by teachers of EGB. 50% of the students doesn't eat any food at 12 o'clock, after drinking a glass of milk only at breakfast (8 o'clock). 10% never eats greens. 37% of the children in the upper level drinks alcohol sometimes and, in the same level, 12% smokes sometimes. Around 25% of children brush their teeth three times in the day. The students watch television three hours and half, means, in the day. The communication with the teacher is evaluated from "not too bad" to "bad" by 70% of the students of upper level. 42% and 39.4% of the children talks about abortion and contraceptives, respectively, with nobody. In general, girls have better habits than boys. Only exercise is more prevalent in the boys than in the girls.

  13. Soil Properties Database of Spanish Soils. Volume V.- Madrid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Trueba, C.; Millan, R.; Schmid, T.; Roquero, C.; Magister, M.

    1998-01-01

    The soil vulnerability determines the sensitivity of the soil after an accidental radioactive contamination due to Cs-137 and Sr-90. The Departamento de Impacto Ambiental de la Energia of CIEMAT is carrying out an assessment of the radiological vulnerability of the different Spanish soils found on the Iberian Peninsula. This requires the knowledge of the soil properties for the various types of existing soils. In order to achieve this aim, a bibliographical compilation of soil profiles has been made to characterize the different soil types and create a database of their properties. Depending on the year of publication and the type of documentary source, the information compiled from the available bibliography is very heterogeneous. Therefore, an important effort has been made to normalize and process the information prior to its incorporation to the database. This volume presents the criteria applied to normalize and process the data as well as the soil properties of the various soil types belonging to the Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid. (Author) 39 refs

  14. The CSN hosts the Second International Conference on Nuclear Security in Madrid; El CSN acoge en Madrid la Segunda Conferencia Internacional de Seguridad Fisica Nuclear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scialdone Garcia, A.

    2016-08-01

    The second International Conference on Nuclear Security was held in Madrid between May 9th and 13th last. The acting Minister of the Interior announced that the number of officers of the Guardia Civil watching over the Spanish nuclear power plants will be doubled. (Author)

  15. Bioclimatic buildings of 16 houses in Pozuelo de Alarcon (Madrid); Edificio bioclimatico de 16 viviendas de promocion publica pra jovenes en Pozuelo de Alarcon. (Madrid)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanez, G.; Yanez-Lopez del Amo, L.

    2004-07-01

    We present in this article a housing building for young people recently built for the Autonomous Administration of Madrid in Pozuelo de Alarcon in which have been applied some bioclimatic and energy efficiency techniques. In this communication are described the main architectural features and are exposed some of the estimated results of energy saving and reduction of Co2. (Author)

  16. Building with 54 houses of high energetical efficiency in Madrid; Edificio de 54 viviendas de alta eficiencia energetica en el oeste de San Fermin. Parclea 5 (Madrid)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanez, G.; Yanez-Lopez del Amo, L.

    2004-07-01

    We present in this article a residential building recently built in Madrid for the EMV in which have been applied some bioclimatic and energy efficiency techniques. In this communication are described the main architectural features and are exposed some of the estimated results of energy saving with the contribution of solar energy in passive space and water heating. (Author)

  17. Common and different in the development of trade unions of Galicia first quarter of the ХХ century and modern Ukraine: comparative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Ja. Berest

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Qualitative changes in the trade union movement of modern Ukraine are its origins back to the 80’s of the ХХ century. However, the final stage of almost 70­year history of professional organizations as a single centralized structure began last XIX Congress of Trade Unions of the USSR, held in 1990. Trade union movement since then began to develop on a completely different basis ­ federalism and konfederalizm that has long been practiced in the world in countries with highly developed democracy. And after Ukraine became independent trade unions immediately felt the change in the political situation, new and not simple environment for their activities. This study is one of the first attempts systematic research activities of trade unions on the territory of Galicia during the first quarter of the XX ­ XXI century. The article gives an opportunity to reveal one of the most important issues ­ the historical experience of activity of trade Union organizations of Eastern Galicia and modern Ukraine. It also shows the role and importance of trade unions in the political life of Galicia in the last century. The use of the comparative analysis made it possible to find the common and different in the activities of trade Union organizations of different historical periods.

  18. Politizando las aulas de música: la depuración del profesorado del Conservatorio de Sevilla durante la Guerra Civil española

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olimpia García López

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Este texto se centra en el proceso de depuración al que se vieron sometidos durante la Guerra Civil española los profesores del Conservatorio de Sevilla, ciudad que resulta especialmente relevante en la reconstrucción de la nueva España porque, al ser la primera gran ciudad en caer en las manos de los golpistas, serviría de experimento para poner en marcha muchas de las directrices que marcarían la construcción del Nuevo Estado. Tras indagar en el complejo proceso de selección del claustro llevado a cabo durante la Segunda República, se analizarán los expedientes de depuración producidos en el rectorado hispalense desde 1936, para así contribuir a la reconstrucción y comprensión de esta purga educativa en el ámbito de las enseñanzas musicales.

  19. Actitudes de adolescentes hacia la salud: evaluación de un programa escolar de promoción de la salud en Sevilla, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Lima Serrano

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se examinaron diferencias en las actitudes hacia la salud en el alumnado de cuarto año de educación secundaria obligatoria de Sevilla, el cual fue dividido en dos grupos en función de su participación en el programa "Forma Joven" de promoción de la salud. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo y bivariante. No se observaron diferencias significativas en las características sociodemográficas de los dos grupos, considerándose homogéneos. Las actitudes también fueron similares en ambos; únicamente se encontraron diferencias estadísticas en el grado de peligrosidad asignado a dos de las trece situaciones viales expuestas: "no usar el cinturón de seguridad" e "ir en un vehículo cuando el conductor ha bebido", siendo menor el asignado por los participantes en el programa. Esto coincide con lo verificado en trabajos previos e invita a reflexionar sobre la falta de efectividad de este tipo de programas. En el caso del programa "Forma Joven" podría atribuirse a una deficiente sistematización en su implementación. Sería recomendable proponer intervenciones para aumentar su efectividad.

  20. Religión oficial y religiosidad popular en el marco del Real Convento de San Pablo de Sevilla durante el siglo XVIII

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    Carlos José Romero Mensaque

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El Real Convento de San Pablo de Sevilla, de la Orden de Predicadores, ha sido desde su fundación en el siglo XIII, un centro de capital importancia en la conformación de la religiosidad de la ciudad, tanto en su vertiente ortodoxa u oficial orientada hacia una élite socio-económica, como en la más popular e integradora de las grandes masas. Durante el siglo XVIII, época de máxima efervescencia de la religiosidad barroca, conviven en este cenobio y bajo la tutela dominica dos significadas corporaciones, que son paradigmas de ambas tendencias.The "San Pablo» Royal Convent of Seville, of Preachers' Order, has been from its foundation in the century XIII one center of cardinal importance in the conformation of the religiousness of the city, so much in its orthodox or official slope orientated towards a socio-economic elite, since (as, like in the most popular and of integration of the big masses. During the century XVIII, epoch of maximum effervescence of the baroque religiousness, they coexist in this monastery and under the guardianship Dominican two important corporations, which are paradigms of both trends.

  1. La práctica del fútbol entre mujeres bolivianas en Sevilla. Redes sociales, trayectorias migratorias y relaciones de género

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    Juliane Müller

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Los inmigrados en España, especialmente de países andinos, han constituido un movimiento asociativoemergente que ha tomado cuerpo en ligas autogestionadas de fútbol y futsal. En dichas ligas la participaciónfemenina es significativa. ¿Cómo entender esta práctica deportiva de las mujeres? Este artículo se centra enel estudio de redes migratorias, sociales y laborales para entender la práctica del fútbol y su influencia en lasrelaciones de género. Su objetivo es analizar las estrategias de los migrantes y explicar cómo las redes migratoriasy sociales de arribo han incidido en la formación y potencialidad de este espacio, así como en el desenvolvimientode los equipos; ejemplificado, en este caso, en el equipo Bolivia de Sevilla donde la autoraparticipó como etnógrafa-jugadora. Con tal fin, se ha utilizado un enfoque empírico, social y procesual queme ha permitido analizar los cambios en el deporte como proceso paralelo al avance de las trayectoriasmigratorias y de las relaciones de pareja.

  2. EL ABASTECIMIENTO DE SEVILLA Y SU ZONA DE INFLUENCIA: INERCIAS DE LA POLÍTICA DE OFERTA Y DEBILIDADES DE LA GESTIÓN DE LA DEMANDA

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    Leandro del Moral Ituarte

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available Justamente al finalizar la Exposición Universal de 1992, el sistema de abastecimiento de Sevilla entra en crisis. El análisis de esta situación obliga a tomar en consideración, al menos, seis factores, cuyo tratamiento puede ser de utilidad para el enfoque más general del problema de los abastecimientos en España: los métodos de evaluación de los recur- sos disponibles, las características de la gestión del sistema (modelos de consumo, estructura tarifaria y gestión de la red de distribución, las posibilidades de reasignación de recursos entre usuarios, la potencialidad del uso integrado de aguas superficiales y subterráneas, los costes ambientales de las soluciones propuestas y el tratamiento de la información y educación de los usuarios. Al final, se avanzan las condiciones que, en opinión de autor, un programa de gestión de la demanda, basado en la planificación al mínimo coste, habría de cumplir.

  3. Jóvenes vulnerables a la entrada del mercado de trabajo: visualización de ego-redes en Talleres Prelaborales de la Zona Norte de Sevilla

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    Rosario Izquierdo Chaparro

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo explora algunas posibilidades de la visualización de redes egocéntricas como herramienta metodológica para realizar entrevistas cualitativas y para la evaluación de programas de Formación y Empleo. Se describe un estudio de casos de adolescentes en riesgo de exclusión que han iniciado su transición hacia el primer empleo en un recurso de formación y empleo del Ayuntamiento de Sevilla: los Talleres Prelaborales de la zona norte. La visualización se revela como una técnica metodológica capaz de aportar abundante información cualitativa sobre sus pautas relacionales y sus actitudes ante el empleo, además de reforzar las habilidades adquiridas en los Talleres. A partir de la percepción que los y las jóvenes tienen de sus redes egocéntricas, se refuerzan aspectos cognitivos que potencian su desarrollo personal, revelándose la utilidad del ARS para una mejor comprensión y una potenciación de las transiciones hacia un mercado de trabajo que presenta un fuerte cierre social ante este colectivo vulnerable.

  4. Arqueología y rehabilitación en Sevilla. Desarrollo metodológico y práctico

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    Tabales Rodríguez, Miguel Ángel

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Since 1985 the city of Seville lived an extraordinary increasing in the rehabilitation of historical buildings because three main reasons: the celebration of the Universal Exposition at 1992 and the consequent recuperation of old institutions like Covent of Cartuja and San Clemente, the new attributions of the regional government that installed its dependencies on old palaces like Mañara or Altamira; and the impulse of the local urban authorities translated in the recuperation of islamic walls, monasteries. Some of the methodological contributions in Archaeology of Architecture in our country are a derivation of that experience.A partir del año 1985 la ciudad de Sevilla ha conocido un desarrollo extraordinario de la actividad de rehabilitación de edificios históricos debido a tres razones principales: la celebración en el año 1992 de la Exposición Universal y la consiguiente recuperación de viejas instituciones como el Convento de la Cartuja y San Clemente; las nuevas atribuciones de la administración autonómica, que se ha ocupado de palacios como los de Mañara o Altamira; el impulso prestado por el ayuntamiento para la recuperación de las murallas islámicas, monasterios, etc. Como resultado de estas experiencias se ha producido un desarrollo metodológico de la Arqueología de la Arquitectura.

  5. El Hospital de Santa Marta de Sevilla: actividades y gestión económica (siglos XV a XVII

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    Hernández Borreguero, José Julián

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available During more than four centuries the Santa Marta Hospital of Seville developed the aim of his founder in 1404: give food to the poor. For this the Hospital rented their properties and could achieve its targets. All the economic process was supervised by the Cathedral Council of Seville. In this article the activities of this entity are analyzed through its accounting books.Durante más de cuatro siglos el Hospital de Santa Marta de Sevilla desempeñó la función que le encomendó su fundador en 1404: dar alimento a los pobres. Para ello contaba con la propiedad de una serie de bienes inmuebles que arrendaba y dotaciones económicas que le permitían desarrollar holgadamente sus fines. Toda su gestión económica era tutelada y supervisada por el Cabildo Catedral hispalense. En este artículo se analizan las actividades realizadas por esta entidad a partir de los registros contables conservados sobre su gestión económica.

  6. La sexualidad en «Las Etimologías» de San Isidoro de Sevilla: cristianismo y mentalidad social en la Hispania visigoda

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    Gallego Franco, Henar

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Human sexuality, as an expression of the social behaviour, was a question of great interest in a triple way (educational, controlling and repressive for the ecclesiastic and civil authorities in Visigothic Spain. As a reflection of its time, Etymologiae by Saint Isidore of Seville gives evidence of the official christian sexual morality, which places a high value on chastity and follows faithfully the principles of ¿le patristic teaching, and shows its crystallization in a group of guidelines and advices for a healthy and correct use of sex which will penetrate deeply in the social mentality of Visigothic Spain.

    La sexualidad, como una expresión más del comportamiento social, fue objeto de gran interés, en una triple vertiente adoctrinadora, controladora y represora, por parte de las autoridades eclesiásticas y civiles de la Hispania visigoda. Reflejo de su época, «Las Etimologías» de San Isidoro de Sevilla dan testimonio de la moral sexual cristiana oficial, que prima el valor de la castidad y se ajusta fielmente a los valores de la doctrina patrística cristiana, y muestra su cristalización en un conjunto de directrices y consejos para un «sano y correcto» uso de la sexualidad que calarán hondamente en la mentalidad social hispanovisigoda.

  7. Nodos, redes y áreas de influencia ferroviaria en la articulación territorial de la provincia de Sevilla

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    Antonio Gavira Narváez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Los cambios socioeconómicos y territoriales acontecidos principalmente desde la década de los noventa en la provincia de Sevilla han ocasionado que muchos municipios dependan directa - mente del mercado laboral de la capital sevillana o de algunos de los núcleos de su aglomeración, como Alcalá de Guadaíra o Dos Hermanas. Este nuevo contexto socioeconómico se ha topado, en general, con la escasa adecuación de los medios públicos de transporte a las necesidades de los usuarios. Ante estos problemas, las diferentes Administraciones están promoviendo la diversificación de la oferta actual de transporte público, incorporando opciones más respetuosas con el medio ambiente, como el ferrocarril convencional, metro o tranvía. Asimismo, se apuesta por el uso combinado de diferentes medios de transporte, siendo la base de los desplazamientos el ir a pie o en bicicleta, completado principalmente por los diferentes modos ferroviarios y por el autobús. Medios colectivos que son idóneos para descongestionar grandes arterias y cubrir rutas que son utilizadas con asiduidad por grandes grupos de población.

  8. Una alabarda procedente del valle del Manzanares (Madrid

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    Miguel Ángel de BLAS CORTINA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se estudia una alabarda metálica procedente —sin datos precisos de su localización— del valle del Manzanares (Madrid. Posiblemente apareciera con otros materiales (¿puntas Palmela?, pero el hecho no pudo ser comprobado. Fundida en un molde monovalvo que proporciona un acabado homogéneo a una sola de las caras, se integra metalúrgicamente en el grupo E 01 (cobres arsenicales propio de la Península Ibérica durante el Calcolítico y el Bronce Antiguo. Tipológicamente puede ser clasificada como integrante del grupo Carrapatas al que pertenecen un conjunto de alabardas procedentes del N.E. de Portugal (Bragança y Tras os Montes del que se conocen escasos testimonios fuera del área característica. Especialmente significativo es el hallazgo de la finca de la Paloma (Pantoja, Toledo que muestra la asociación entre las alabardas Carrapatas y elementos propios del campaniforme tardío de España y Portugal, circunstancia que permite fechar el tipo entre el 1700-1500 a. de J.C., datación similar a las fechas admitidas para las alabardas irlandesas con las que algunos autores ven posibles relaciones. La existencia de alabardas grabadas en estelas más tardías o en rocas al aire libre plantea el problema de su perduración. No obstante, el carácter simbólico de las armas grabadas puede hacer que sea solamente la imagen representada la que superviva, aunque el arma como tal haya perdido vigencia. La alabarda del Manzanares, junto con las de Pantoja, señala la presencia en la Meseta Sur de elementos metalúrgicos propios del N.W. de la Península en un momento sincrónico con las fases finales del campaniforme.ABSTRACT: We study a metallic halberd found in an indeterminate place in the valley of the river Manzanares (Madrid. It might have appeared with other materials (Palmela Points?, although this fact could not be confirmed. Made in a single-faced mould which allows a homogeneous finish to only one of the sides, it belongs from

  9. Poder municipal y oligarquías urbanas en la Galicia moderna. Un balance y algunas reflexiones

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    María LÓPEZ DÍAZ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Tras dos décadas de estudios sobre el poder municipal y las oligarquías urbanas en la Galicia moderna, parece llegado el momento de hacer un alto en el camino para valorar los hallazgos y pensar en nuevas líneas de investigación. Tal es el objetivo de este artículo, donde la autora se plantea realizar un balance crítico de la producción historiografía sobre el tema. Para ello empieza ofreciendo un breve estado de la cuestión, donde señala algunas de las principales líneas de trabajo y problemas implícitos a una producción diversificada en métodos y planteamientos. Después, trata de calibrar los logros y aportaciones de las principales investigaciones, prestando una especial atención a las monografías y tesis de doctorado leídas durante estos años. Y, finalmente, expone algunas reflexiones en torno a aquellos aspectos y campos de investigación que, en su opinión, urgen o pueden estar llamados a prosperar en el futuro.ABSTRACT: After two decades of studies regarding local power and the urban oligarchy in modern Galicia, the time has come to make a pause to evaluate de findings and to consider new paths for research. This constitutes the aim of this article, where the author's purpose is to make a critical balance of the history research about this subject. Starting with a brief introduction resuming the advances made in the field, pointing out some of the lines of work and the problems raised by a diversified production in terms of methods and approaches of the subject. The author then attempts to evaluate the achievements and the contributions of the most important research work up to date, with a special emphasis on the monographs and doctorate thesis presented throughout the years, to finish with some considerations regarding those aspects, hypothesis and research fields which, in her opinion, need to be developed further or may constitute important paths of investigation in the future.

  10. [Psychoactive drugs and costs in the Madrid III (Valdemoro) prison].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Algora-Donoso, I; Varela-González, O

    2008-01-01

    Annual pharmaceutical expenditures in prisons increases dramatically and the rising costs of psychoactive drugs have especially contributed to this. These drugs are often prescribed in order to find therapeutic uses in the field of personality disorders, addictions, and dysfunctional behaviours that are not included in the authorized indications (compassionate use). This study has enabled a detailed description of the use of psychoactive drugs at the Madrid III prison, a centre with one of the lowest levels of pharmaceutical expenditure in this autonomous community. During a two-week period, all prescriptions of psychoactive drugs were collected and registered along with data of several possible conditioning factors. 20.5% of the population was receiving some kind of psychoactive drug; 76% of those inmates undergoing treatment were receiving one or two substances; 65% were taking anxiolytics, 38% antidepressants and 27% antipsychotics. The total amount of psychoactive drugs consumed was 9,840 defined daily doses, 46% of which were anxiolytics, 17% antidepressants and 14% antipsychotics. The total cost of the fortnight's treatment was euros 5,379 with a saving of euro 611 due to requesting and selecting offers carried out by the pharmacist. 72% of the costs were spent on anti-psychotics and the newer psychoactive drugs, representing 66% of the prescriptions, accounted for 98% of expenditure. The prescriber was one of the key influential factors over the amount, type and cost of the treatments. There are signs that compassionate use of current antipsychotics and antiepileptics, and newer antidepressants are a main cause of the dramatic increase in the costs, with cost-efficiency not always clearly demonstrated. These results are not an isolated fact restricted only to prisons, as demonstrated by consumption data published by the National Health System in the same year.

  11. El entorno residencial de los mayores en Madrid

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    Fernández-Mayoralas Fernández, Gloria

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to study the residential environment and its perception by the elderly people ageing in place in Madrid, to obtain a better knowledge of the elements to modify in order to increase their satisfaction. The Censo de Población y Vivienda (1991 and the Survey Ageing in Place (1998 are used. In general terms, old people live in old houses, as owners, not crowded but with lack of facilities. These people have been living for a long time in the same neighbourhood, an environment affected by the problems characteristic of big cities, and are integrated in the neighbour by means of activities requiring not to much physical or financial effort. Residential lacks affect mainly to that groups with social and economic vulnerability: female, lower income and educational level, worse health status,... So, two out ten aged people would move mainly due to the negative conditions of habitability, adaptation and facilities. Moreover, reasons for not moving are related to the force of habit, the memories, or consequence of age, bad health or less resources.

    [es] El entorno residencial de los mayores en Madrid. El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar el ámbito residencial de los mayores que envejecen en su casa y la percepción que tienen sobre este medio, para obtener un mejor conocimiento de los aspectos que deberían modificarse a fin de incrementar su satisfacción. Las fuentes utilizadas son el Censo de Población y Vivienda de 1991 y la Encuesta Envejecer en Casa de 1998. A grandes rasgos, los viejos madrileños viven en casas viejas, de las que son propietarios, sin problemas de hacinamiento pero con carencias dotacionales. Durante la mayor parte de su vida adulta han residido en el mismo barrio, un entorno que actualmente está afectado por los problemas propios de las grandes ciudades, y en el que se integran socialmente mediante actividades que no requieren demasiado esfuerzo físico o monetario. Las deficiencias

  12. River water quality at Galicia-Cost Basin during 1973-2002. Predictive analysis to 2010; Calidad del agua de los rios de la Cuenca Hidrografica Galicia-Costa durante el periodo 1973-1995. Analisis prdictivo a 2010

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heras Jimenez, A; las, de; Melgar Riol, M J

    2005-07-01

    The aim of the present work was to determine the water quality at the Mero, Ulla, Umia and Tambre river (Galicia), which belongs to the North river basin, as well as the problems associated to the contaminant contributions originated due to population changes. Industrial development and agriculture and live-sock activities during a 23 years period (1973-1995). Simiarly , the prediction of such changes till the year 2010 is also realized. The 26 analyzed parameters were obtained from the Database of the COCA-MOPU (Water Quality Control Web), and the were statistically analysed by means of the hierarchical cluster analysis, principal components multivariance analysis and the predictor techique for temporal series. Four different factors were identified: alkalinity, physical water characteristics, salinity and organic burden, with an accumulated variance of 60,2%. The predictive analysis adjusted to the ARIMA model shows the tendency to rise of variables defining alkalinity, salinity and organic burden, if present conditions are maintained. (Author) 25 refs.

  13. Chronic thought suppression and posttraumatic symptoms: data from the Madrid March 11, 2004 terrorist attack.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vázquez, Carmelo; Hervás, Gonzalo; Pérez-Sales, Pau

    2008-12-01

    Although a considerable number of people either witnessed directly or in the mass media the traumatic scenes of the terrorist attack that took place on March 11th, 2004 in Madrid, only a fraction of Madrid citizens developed posttraumatic symptoms. In this study, posttraumatic stress-related symptoms, degree of exposure, coping strategies related to the attack, and chronic attempts to avoid intrusive thoughts (i.e., thought suppression) were assessed in a general population Madrid sample (N=503) 2-3 weeks after the attacks. Our results showed that participants with higher scores in chronic thought suppression exhibited higher levels of PTSD symptoms. Higher scores in chronic thought suppression also correlated positively with the use of avoidant coping strategies after the attacks. We discuss the possible common roots of avoidance of intrusive thoughts and avoidant coping strategies and the implications of this relationship for the emergence of stress-related symptoms as well as for public health policies.

  14. EL PROTOCOLO DE MADRID Y EL RÉGIMEN DE LAS FRANQUICIAS EN COLOMBIA

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    Rodrigo Plazas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio que se presenta a continuación hace parte del proyecto de investigación El Proto - colo de Madrid como elemento dinamizador de las franquicias en Colombia, siendo en esencia un avance parcial que tiene por objetivo establecer los elementos teóricos sustancia - les del Protocolo de Madrid, así mismo su aplicación sobre la normatividad referente a las marcas, registro marcario y las franquicias. Este artículo hace un análisis sobre los elementos que hacen posible la relevancia jurídica del Protocolo de Madrid. En las marcas se destacan los aspectos constitutivos y su desarrollo histórico. Finalmente, se hace un análisis sobre la franquicia como dinamizador de las relaciones comerciales en las actuales condiciones creadas por el desarrollo tecnológico.

  15. NATIONAL AND SUB-NATIONAL OFFSHORING IMPACT ON EMPLOYMENT: AN APPLICATION TO MADRID REGION

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    María Ángeles Tobarra Gómez

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The effect of delocalization on a national economy has been widely studied, however subnational delocalization remains as an unvisited field for researchers. This paper studies the effects of fragmentation and the subsequent localization outside or abroad on the level of industrial and services employment in Madrid region. We work with Madrid data from regional input-output tables and estimate a labour demand function using panel data. Our results show a significant and small negative effect on regional employment of intra-industrial inputs from the national economy and abroad, while imported inputs from other sectors and origins are complementary to employment, resulting in a positive net effect on employment. The increasing specialization in main activities and the use of external providers by firms have a positive impact on the employment of Madrid region.

  16. Earthquake Hazard in the New Madrid Seismic Zone Remains a Concern

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankel, A.D.; Applegate, D.; Tuttle, M.P.; Williams, R.A.

    2009-01-01

    There is broad agreement in the scientific community that a continuing concern exists for a major destructive earthquake in the New Madrid seismic zone. Many structures in Memphis, Tenn., St. Louis, Mo., and other communities in the central Mississippi River Valley region are vulnerable and at risk from severe ground shaking. This assessment is based on decades of research on New Madrid earthquakes and related phenomena by dozens of Federal, university, State, and consulting earth scientists. Considerable interest has developed recently from media reports that the New Madrid seismic zone may be shutting down. These reports stem from published research using global positioning system (GPS) instruments with results of geodetic measurements of strain in the Earth's crust. Because of a lack of measurable strain at the surface in some areas of the seismic zone over the past 14 years, arguments have been advanced that there is no buildup of stress at depth within the New Madrid seismic zone and that the zone may no longer pose a significant hazard. As part of the consensus-building process used to develop the national seismic hazard maps, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) convened a workshop of experts in 2006 to evaluate the latest findings in earthquake hazards in the Eastern United States. These experts considered the GPS data from New Madrid available at that time that also showed little to no ground movement at the surface. The experts did not find the GPS data to be a convincing reason to lower the assessment of earthquake hazard in the New Madrid region, especially in light of the many other types of data that are used to construct the hazard assessment, several of which are described here.

  17. García Ballesteros, A., dir., 2006: Inmigrantes emprendedores en la Comunidad de Madrid [Reseña bibliográfica

    OpenAIRE

    Cebrián, Juan A.

    2007-01-01

    Es reseña de : CEBRIÁN, J. A. (2007), “Instituto de Estadística, 2005: Atlas Estadístico de la Comunidad de Madrid 2005, Madrid, Consejería de Economía e Innovación Tecnológica, Comunidad de Madrid, 199 páginas”

  18. Tradición y modernidad en la arquitectura del espectáculo : los teatros-cine en Galicia

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    Jesús Ángel Sánchez García

    1994-01-01

    Full Text Available El interés prestado en nuestro país a la arquitectura del espectáculo, y en concreto a la cinematográfica, puede calificarse hasta ahora de escaso, precisamente en el contexto de unos años en los que la crisis del cine ha provocado la desaparición de numerosas salas. Esta situación contrasta con la de otros paises europeos donde el reconocimiento del valor como patrimonio cultural y arquitectónico de estos edificios, abanderado desde los años 60 por los anglosajones, ha posibilitado importantes estudios e iniciativas tendentes a su conservación. En esta ocasión nuestra intención es realizar una breve aproximación a un tipo concreto de recinto de espectáculos característico de las primeras décadas de nuestro siglo, el teatro-cine, a través de los ejemplos más destacados proyectados y construidos en Galicia.

  19. Traceological analysis of a singular artefact: The rock crystal point from O Achadizo (Boiro, A Coruña, Galicia

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    Juan Luis Fernández Marchena

    2016-09-01

    In this paper we present the data obtained from a use-wear study of a rock crystal tool from the O Achadizo hill fort (Boiro, A Coruña, Galicia. This tool was located in shell midden A, dated as Second Iron Age, and is of particular importance because of its pointed morphology and the configuration evidence on its perimeter. We carried out a macroscopic and microscopic analysis to obtain as much data on this piece as possible. Macroscopically we identified retouching as well as an impact fracture, and at the microscopic level we found several series of striations on the ventral face which are not in keeping with the use of the piece as a projectile tip. We decided to generate several “gigapixel” images of different areas of the tool, in order to record the order and arrangement of these striations, and to understand their origin. We identified differential orientation of the striations in the various sectors of the tool, suggesting a technical origin. The combination of the macro and microscopic analysis of both faces has allowed us to functionally interpret the tool as a sharp element.

  20. Socially-Inclusive Development and Value Creation: How a Composting Project in Galicia (Spain ‘Hit the Rocks’

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    Paul Swagemakers

    2018-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces the concept of commoning in circular economies, and explores how commons reproduce over time. The starting point is that commoning can have an important role in fostering circular economies and sustainable and socially-inclusive development. By commoning, we refer to local stakeholders working collectively to preserve or restore their natural resource base to generate benefits that are locally shared. Through the analysis of a specific case of a group of commoners’ associations in Galicia (Spain, the paper describes and discusses the development, and ultimate unravelling, of an innovative and decentralized waste management project to convert waste biomass from the monte (often-neglected upland green spaces, largely consisting of brush and trees into compost. In order to make this composting project economically viable the possibility of collecting and processing urban green waste was also explored. While the project’s application of the principles of a circular economy had the potential to bring locally-shared economic and ecological benefits, and foster territorial prosperity and resilience, it was ultimately frustrated by questions of scale, administrative and regulatory barriers, competing and conflicting land-use claims and financial cutbacks in the public sector.

  1. 3-Way pattern-recognition of PAHs from Galicia (NW Spain) seawater samples after the Prestige's wreck

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Grueiro-Noche, G.; Andrade, J.M.; Muniategui-Lorenzo, S.; Lopez-Mahia, P.; Prada-Rodriguez, D.

    2010-01-01

    In November 2002 the oil tanker 'Prestige' released 65 000 tons of a heavy fuel oil throughout the Galician coastline (NW Spain), causing extensive damage to marine life, natural resources and economic activities at Northern Portugal, Spain and SW France. To evaluate the impact of the oil spill on the aquatic system, 30 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), including alkylated derivatives, were analyzed in seawater on five different sampling campaigns from 2002 to 2004. Sampling was made along the Galician continental shelf. In each station three samples were collected at three different depths (surface, mid-depth and bottom). Four different approaches for 3-way analyses (Catenated-PCA, Matrix-Augmented Principal Components Analysis, Parallel Factor Analysis and Procrustes rotation) have been used to asses the major sources of PAHs into the seawater. They revealed two main pollution patterns: one related to oil spillages and discharge of petroleum products, and another more associated with a diffuse anthropogenic origin. - Oil- and anthropogenic-related sources of PAHs were found in a survey program in Galicia after the Prestige wreck, the latter being more relevant as time went by.

  2. Student mobility and differentiated access to Spanish citizenship: the case of Mexicans, Colombians and Brazilians in Galicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alma Paola Trejo Peña

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Tertiary level enrollment and student mobility is increasing worldwide. As a result, universities are open to receive foreign students, and specifically the Spanish Higher Education Institutions are working to attract some of that international mobility. In recent years, Latin American students are the main applicants for study permits in Spain. Among them, Brazilians, Mexicans and Colombians are the most numerous requestors in the Spanish educational system. On the other hand, access to Spanish citizenship depends on several factors, and one of the most important ones is having legally lived in Spain for a minimum period. This paper presents a relationship between the temporary mobility for study and the achievement of Spanish citizenship by Mexicans, Colombians and Brazilians. This research was conducted using the documentary approach, since this technique allows transforming primary documents on an analytical representation of the addressed phenomenon (Oliveira, 2007. The results show that in Galicia, in the case of Brazilians and Colombians, having a migration project could lead to the Spanish nationality, while for Mexicans, other factors limit this possibility. Furthermore, the experience in the host country, previous experiences and hospitality are variables that interfere in this process.

  3. Late Archaean-early Proterozoic source ages of zircons in rocks from the Paleozoic orogen of western Galicia, NW Spain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuijper, R P; Priem, H N.A. [Laboratorium voor Isotopen-Geologie, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Den Tex, E [Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht (Netherlands). Inst. voor Aardwetenschappen

    1982-08-01

    U-Pb data are reported for nine suites of zircons and three monazites from the Paleozoic orogen in western Galicia: one paragneiss and six orthogneisses from the early Paleozoic basement, and two Carboniferous (ca. 310 Ma old) intrusions of two-mica granite. New whole-rock Rb-Sr analyses, along with earlier data, indicate an age of ca. 470-440 Ma (Ordovician) for the emplacement of the granitic precursors of the orthogneisses. Monazite from the paragneiss also yields an U-Pb age of ca. 470 Ma. From the high initial /sup 87/Sr//sup 86/Sr ratios an involvement of Precambrian continental crust material is evident in the generation of the early Paleozoic suite of granites, while the zircon U-Pb data give evidence of the presence of about 3.0-2.0 Ga old (late Archaean-early Proterozoic) components in the source material. Zircons from the oldest sedimentary rocks in the area, now present as catazonal paragneisses and a likely source for the granites, likewise reveal a provenance age of 3.0-2.0 Ga.

  4. Applying physical input-output tables of energy to estimate the energy ecological footprint (EEF) of Galicia (NW Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Carballo Penela, Adolfo; Sebastian Villasante, Carlos

    2008-01-01

    Nowadays, the achievement of sustainable development constitutes an important constraint in the design of energy policies, being necessary the development of reliable indicators to obtain helpful information about the use of energy resources. The ecological footprint (EF) provides a referential framework for the analysis of human demand for bioproductivity, including energy issues. In this article, the theoretical bases of the footprint analysis are described by applying input-output tables of energy to estimate the Galician energy ecological footprint (EEF). It is concluded that the location of highly polluting industries in Galicia makes the Galician EEF quite higher than more developed regions of Spain. The relevance of the outer component of the Galician EEF is also studied. First, available information seems to indicate that the energy incorporated to the trading of manufactured goods would notably increase the Galician consumption of energy. On the other hand, the inclusion of electricity trade in the EEF analysis, including an adjustment, following the same philosophy as with manufactured goods is proposed. This adjustment would substantially reduce the Galician EEF, as the exported electricity widely exceeds the imported one

  5. Socio-geographic analysis of wild land fires: causes of the 2006's wildfires in Galicia (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balsa-Barreiro, J.; Hermosilla, T.

    2013-07-01

    Aim of study: To propose a methodology to establish motivations underlying wildland fire episodes by analyzing both the socioeconomics of the affected territory and the geographical distribution of the wildfire. Area of study: The wildfires occurred during 2006 in Galicia, in the NW of Spain, were analyzed and compared regard to the previous years. Material and methods: The proposed methodology in this study is divided into four steps: (a) definition of the forest context, (b) fire episode and socioeconomic data collection, (c) geospatial representation through map production, and (d) joint analysis and data interpretation. A combined analysis of the spatial and temporal coincidence of wildfire and the socioeconomic activities is performed. Main results: A combined analysis of the spatial and temporal coincidence of wildfire dynamics and the socioeconomic activities allow us to assess and to interpret wildfire causes and motivations of socioeconomic groups. In our area study, a broad analysis indicates that wildfire recurrence within this region is related to an accelerated rural flight process which exacerbates the conflict between rural and urban models. Research highlights: The socio-geographical analysis of a territory's wildfire dynamics enables us to establish possible causes and motivations of their origins. Providing the specific contextual and socioeconomic information, this methodology has potential applicability across varied study locations. (Author)

  6. En el Madrid de capa y espada de Ruiz de Alarcón

    OpenAIRE

    Vega García-Luengos, Germán

    2002-01-01

    Producción Científica El estudio abarca las siete comedias de Ruiz de Alarcón cuya acción se enmarca en Madrid: La culpa busca la pena, Los empeños de un engaño, Los favores del mundo, Mudarse por mejorarse, Las paredes oyen, Todo es ventura y La verdad sospechosa. Se analiza el tratamiento de los diferentes espacios desde el punto de vista dramático y escénico. También se considera el Madrid que reflejan estas siete comedias de capa y espada.

  7. Studying geodesy and earthquake hazard in and around the New Madrid Seismic Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Oliver Salz; Magistrale, Harold

    2011-01-01

    Workshop on New Madrid Geodesy and the Challenges of Understanding Intraplate Earthquakes; Norwood, Massachusetts, 4 March 2011 Twenty-six researchers gathered for a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and FM Global to discuss geodesy in and around the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ) and its relation to earthquake hazards. The group addressed the challenge of reconciling current geodetic measurements, which show low present-day surface strain rates, with paleoseismic evidence of recent, relatively frequent, major earthquakes in the region. The workshop presentations and conclusions will be available in a forthcoming USGS open-file report (http://pubs.usgs.gov).

  8. El granito como piedra de construcción en Madrid: durabilidad y puesta en valor

    OpenAIRE

    Freire Lista, David Martín

    2016-01-01

    La tesis titulada “El granito como piedra de construcción en Madrid: durabilidad y puesta en valor” está estructurada en 6 artículos científicos publicados, 1 aceptado y otro en revisión, en diferentes revistas internacionales indexadas y un capítulo de un libro divulgativo. El uso de la piedra de construcción ha estado determinado por la proximidad de los recursos geológicos. Los materiales pétreos que históricamente se han utilizado en la Comunidad de Madrid provienen del Sistema Central Es...

  9. Spatial Hedonic Pricing Models for Testing the Adequacy of Acoustic Areas in Madrid, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José-María Montero

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Road traffic noise is one of the main concerns of large cities. Most of them have classified their territory in acoustic areas and have constructed strategic noise maps. From both sources we have elaborated seven types of acoustic neighbourhoods according to both their noise gap in regard to the legal standard and the percentage of population exposed to noise. A spatial Durbin model has been selected as the strategy that best models the impact of noise on housing prices. However, results for Madrid do not confirm the hedonic theory and indicate, as one of the possibilities, that the official acoustic areas in Madrid could be incorrectly designed.

  10. Implicaciones del protocolo de Madrid en el derecho marcario de la comunidad andina de naciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Jesith Bernal Ramírez

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El Protocolo de Madrid de 27 de junio de 1989 es una herramienta útil para el registro internacional de marcas, pues es evidente que los países miembros del Protocolo tienen ventajas comparativas respecto a los otros que no son parte, esto en relación con el mejoramiento de la protección internacional de sus marcas. El artículo académico muestra de manera somera el procedimiento, las ventajas y desventajas del Protocolo de Madrid y su respectivo impacto en la Comunidad Andina de Naciones.

  11. The Madrid Royal Schools of St. Elisabeth and Loreto according Constitutions of 1715 and 1718

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz COMELLA GUTIÉRREZ

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The Madrid Royal Schools of Saint Elizabeth and Loreto were founded by Philip II at the end of 16th Century. Both institutions provided education for orphan girls. They still exist as Catholic coeducational schools granted by the Education Department. These two Schools were Royal Sponsorship belonging to Palace ecclesiastical jurisdiction. The Schools Constitutions sanctioned by Philip V have been preserved until now. Although these Schools have a parallel history, the mentioned Constitutions are completely different for each School. According to these Norms, the Madrid Royal Schools of Saint Elizabeth and Loreto have many differences between them.

  12. Efectos a corto plazo de la contaminación atmosférica sobre la mortalidad. Resultados del proyecto EMECAM en la ciudad de Sevilla, 1992-1996

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ocaña-Riola Ricardo

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: Dentro del proyecto EMECAM, el objetivo de este estudio es evaluar el impacto de la contaminación atmosférica sobre la mortalidad diaria en la ciudad de Sevilla durante el periodo 1992-1996. MÉTODOS: Durante el período 1992-1996 se recogieron diariamente los valores de inmisión atmosférica de SO2, partículas en suspensión (PM10 y NO2 en la ciudad de Sevilla, así como el número de defunciones diarias por distintas causas. Para el análisis de datos se utilizó un modelo de regresión de Poisson multivariante, con el fin de modelar cada una de las causas de mortalidad en función de los valores de inmisión atmosférica, controlando por otras variables de confusión. RESULTADOS: Se encontró una asociación entre los incrementos en los niveles de NO2 y la mortalidad diaria en los meses de mayo a octubre. Por cada aumento de 10 ngr/m³ de NO2, el riesgo de muerte por todas las causas aumentó en un 2%; el mismo incremento en los niveles de NO2 provocó un aumento del 3% del riesgo de muerte por enfermedades cardiovasculares. CONCLUSIONES: Existe una asociación entre los niveles de contaminación atmosférica por NO2 y la mortalidad diaria de Sevilla. No se encontró asociación con los niveles de SO2 y PM10. Los resultados obtenidos aportan información y conocimiento científico que puede ser de utilidad para prevenir el impacto de la contaminación atmosférica sobre la salud de la población.

  13. Elasticidad precio de la demanda y perfil de los usuarios de la parada “Pablo de Olavide" de Metro de Sevilla || Price Elasticity of Demand and Profile of “Pablo de Olavide" Metro Stop's Users of Seville Metro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hernández-Díaz, Alfredo G.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo mostramos los resultados más relevantes obtenidos en un proceso de encuestación a 300 usuarios de la estación “Pablo de Olavide" del metro de Sevilla. El objetivo del trabajo es doble: por un lado, analizar el perfil del usuario (motivaciones por las que usan el metro, intermodalidad y flujos; mientras que, por otro lado, a partir de las disposiciones a pagar con respecto a posibles incrementos en el precio del servicio, estimamos parcialmente la elasticidad precio de la demanda para esta población objetivo tan concreta. El perfil tan específico de los usuarios de dicha parada así como las características propias del metro de Sevilla explican algunos de los resultados obtenidos esperando ayuden a los gestores y administradores de Metro de Sevilla en la toma de decisiones. || In this paper the most relevant results obtained in a survey conducted by 300 users of the “Pablo de Olavide" Seville metro stop are presented. The aim of the paper is twofold. On the one hand, the user profile is analysed: motivations for using the subway, intermodality and ows, whereas, on the other hand, the price elasticity of demand is partially computed by means of the willingness to pay for that specic user profile. In fact, both the particular user profile and Seville metro's characteristics explain some of the obtained results that hopefully will help managers of Seville Metro in making decisions.

  14. Dinámicas de ocupación urbana del anillo verde metropolitano de Madrid = Urban occupation dynamics of Madrid´s Metropolitan Greenbelt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lourdes Jiménez Garcinuño

    2017-05-01

    ABSTRACT: The Metropolitan Greenbelt was defined by the 1963 Master Plan for the Madrid Metropolitan Area (MMA, following established international models of urban development, as the structural framework of the MMA, the principal open space within its network of open spaces and a public area of recreation and contact with nature for the residents of Madrid. However, it had become a reserve of land in which various alliances between the institutional authorities and the dominant social class, have been operating on the margin of the original plan, exposing a scarcity of legal and cultural resources for the safeguarding of common interests, and in which the geographical and natural characteristics of the territory itself have come to play an influential role in the functional specialization and spatial segregation of the MMA.

  15. Centro Princesa, en Madrid (España

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    Lamela, A.

    1968-12-01

    Full Text Available This is a luxury commercial centre, in the very centre of Madrid, and within a high class residential zone. It occupies a whole block, facing four streets, and it includes a luxury hotel, apartments, shopping facilities, offices, car park, and the official headquarters of one of the most important Spanish travelling agencies. The outstanding feature of the «Centro Princesa» is the luxury hotel, which has 250 rooms, suits, social rooms, conventions halls, dance hall, bar, hairdressers saloon, sauna bath, shopping centre, restaurants and secondary services. The luxury flats occupy seven storeys of the central block, 15 apartments per story. Each of these has a sitting room, bedroom, bathroom and kitchen. The carpark, which can hold 300 cars, occupies four underground floor levels. This project is attractive because of its balanced spatial pattern, its clean outline and the quality of the materials, whilst the excellence of its internal appointment also contributes to its overall architectural merit.Este conjunto, situado en una zona residencial de primera categoría, está destinado a: hotel de lujo, apartamentos, locales comerciales, oficinas, aparcamientos de automóviles y a sede de la oficina-despacho central de una de las más importantes agencias de viaje españolas. Ocupa una manzana entera. La unidad predominante del «Centro Princesa» es un hotel de lujo, con 250 habitaciones, «suits», salones sociales, de actos y convenciones, sala de fiestas, bar americano, peluquerías, saunas, galería comercial, restaurantes y dependencias de servicio. Siete plantas del bloque central albergan los apartamentos de lujo, 15 por planta; el apartamento tipo consta de salón, cocina, dormitorio y baño. En cuatro de las plantas de sótano funciona un aparcamiento con capacidad para 300 automóviles. Atrae este conjunto, tanto por el acertado juego de volúmenes, y la limpieza de líneas y materiales —que muestra su composición estética—, como

  16. [Burnout syndrome among nursing staff at a hospital in Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albaladejo, Romana; Villanueva, Rosa; Ortega, Paloma; Astasio, P; Calle, M E; Domínguez, V

    2004-01-01

    The term "burnout" is related to a situation arising increasingly more often among the professionals performing their duties by way of a long-term, direct, people-to-people relationship, which includes all healthcare professionals. This study is aimed at determining the prevalence of the Burnout syndrome and of the three components involved therein (emotional exhaustion, impersonalization and lack of personal fulfillment) among the nursing staff at the "Hospital Clínico Universitario San Carlos" in Madrid and the relationship thereof to certain socio-demographic, job-related and institutional factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted among the professionals assigned to the nursing staff at the above-mentioned hospital. The variables involved were gathered by means of a questionnaire prepared by those conducting this study. The Burnout syndrome was measured by means of the Maslach Burnout Inventory, in the validated Spanish version thereof. The nursing staff is more impersonalized (p=0.004) and less fulfilled (p=0.036) than the nursing assistant/technician group. When the results of the four scales by units were analyzed, burnout was found to be greater among the nursing staff assigned to oncology and emergency care units (p=0.001), the impersonalization in the emergency rooms (p=0.007), and Burnout is once again greater in the oncology and emergency units (p=0.000). Those professionals who answered that there was little recognition of their nursing care scored worst regarding Burnout and the three aspects thereof (p =0.000). The lower the degree of on-the-job satisfaction, the higher the scores on the four scales (p=0.000). The conclusion which may be drawn from this study is that the profile of a person affected by Burnout is that of a professional with on-the-job experience who nevertheless considers very little recognition to be given to their caregiving and a high degree of dissatisfaction with the way in which their workplaces are managed.

  17. Las plantas vasculares de la Península Ibérica en la obra de Clusio: envíos de semillas de Sevilla a Leiden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Menéndez de Luarca, Luis Ramón-Laca

    1997-12-01

    y bulbos a Clusio. Gracias a Tovar, el número de plantas recogido en Rar. stirp. hispan, hist, se incrementó en Rar. pl. hist, con algunas plantas notables. Resulta particularmente interesante el caso de las especies procedentes de América, que en aquel momento representaban una gran novedad. Sevilla fue la ciudad a través de la cual se introdujeron muchas de ellas en el Viejo Mundo, por ejemplo Sprekelia formosissima (L. Herbert [• Amaryllis formosissima L.] o Psidium guajava L. Este trabajo trata de reconstruir el itinerario del viaje de Clusio por España, basándose en las localidades citadas. Se ofrece también una discusión sobre la correspondencia habida entre los dos botánicos, que incluye una lista de las plantas enviadas de Sevilla a Leiden por Tovar.

  18. Evaluación del plan de acogida de los alumnos de nuevo ingreso de la facultad de enfermería, fisioterapia y podología de la universidad de Sevilla. España

    OpenAIRE

    José Rafael González-López; Andrea García-García; Carmen Meléndez-Ortiz; Sandra Núñez-Caballero; Ana María Soler-Castells; Juana Macías-Seda

    2011-01-01

    Introducción: Dentro de la Facultad de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Podología de la Universidad de Sevilla hemos puesto en marcha, por primera vez, una Jornada que incluye el Plan de Acogida al alumnado de nuevo. El objetivo principal de este estudio es evaluar el Plan de Acogida organizado por el Centro Universitario, con el fin de detectar las debilidades y fortalezas del mismo.Materiales y Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio descriptivo, trasversal, cuantitativo, observacional y comparativo....

  19. Evaluación del comportamiento de materiales empleados en la reintegración de materiales cerámicos de la Plaza de España (Sevilla)

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandre Sánchez, F. J.; Villegas Sánchez, R.; Jurado Pérez, M.

    2005-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se estudia el comportamiento y la durabilidad de diferentes morteros y estucos comerciales que se han utilizado para restituir enfrío las pérdidas de vidriado en azulejos deteriorados de la Plaza de España (Sevilla). Para ello se han preparado 5 tipos de muestras que se han aplicado sobre bizcochos cerámicos y que posteriormente se han coloreado y protegido con resinas. Las muestras se han sometido a ensayos de alteración acelerada: cristalización de sales, ciclos de te...

  20. «La Anunciación» de José María de Arango. De la Cartuja de Sevilla a la Iglesia Mayor Parroquial de Motril

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Posadas Chinchilla

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo revela al pintor sevillano José María de Arango como autor del cuadro de «La Anunciación» que preside el retablo de la Iglesia Mayor Parroquial de la Encarnación de Motril (Granada, así como la pertenencia del mismo a la serie del ciclo de la vida de Virgen que el artista realizara para la Cartuja de Santa María de las Cuevas de Sevilla en 1816.

  1. Relación entre el consumo abusivo de alcohol y la violencia ejercida por el hombre contra su pareja en la unidad de valoración integral de violencia de género (UVIVG) de Sevilla

    OpenAIRE

    C. Llopis Giménez; M.I. Rodríguez García; I. Hernández Mancha

    2014-01-01

    Se ha estudiado la posible relación entre el consumo de alcohol y la violencia ejercida por el hombre hacia la mujer con la que mantiene o ha mantenido relación sentimental, en una muestra de 50 parejas analizadas en la Unidad de Valoración Integral de Violencia de Género (UVIVG) de Sevilla, a lo largo de los años 2013 y 2014. Para ello se ha empleado una entrevista estructurada creada ad hoc, así como los cuestionarios MINI, MALT y CAGE. De las 50 parejas, en 25, las mujeres que denunciaron ...

  2. 20 cool facts about the New Madrid Seismic Zone-Commemorating the bicentennial of the New Madrid earthquake sequence, December 1811-February 1812 [poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, R.A.; McCallister, N.S.; Dart, R.L.

    2011-01-01

    This poster summarizes a few of the more significant facts about the series of large earthquakes that struck the New Madrid seismic zone of southeastern Missouri, northeastern Arkansas, and adjacent parts of Tennessee and Kentucky from December 1811 to February 1812. Three earthquakes in this sequence had a magnitude (M) of 7.0 or greater. The first earthquake occurred on December 16, 1811, at 2:15 a.m.; the second on January 23, 1812, at 9 a.m.; and the third on February 7, 1812, at 3:45 a.m. These three earthquakes were among the largest to strike North America since European settlement. The mainshocks were followed by many hundreds of aftershocks that occurred over the next decade. Many of the aftershocks were major earthquakes themselves. The area that was strongly shaken by the three main shocks was 2-3 times as large as the strongly shaken area of the 1964 M9.2 Alaskan earthquake and 10 times as large as that of the 1906 M7.8 San Francisco earthquake. Geologic studies show that the 1811-1812 sequence was not an isolated event in the New Madrid region. The 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquake sequence was preceded by at least two other similar sequences in about A.D. 1450 and A.D. 900. Research also indicates that other large earthquakes have occurred in the region surrounding the main New Madrid seismicity trends in the past 5,000 years or so.

  3. Caracterización constructiva de las fábricas de tapia en las fortificaciones almohades del antiguo Reino de Sevilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Canivell, Jacinto

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Most of the Andalusian earthen heritage corresponds to military rammed earth buildings set up between XII and XV centuries. Those corresponding to the Ancient Reign of Seville are the most outstanding group, in which a great number of them have been restored during the last decades. This research aims to state, analyze and assess the main technical and dimensional features of rammed earth walls in this area at the Almohad period. This research is focused on three objectives: provide guidelines in order to assure more consistent and respectful heritage restorations, advance the understanding of historical uses of this constructive technique and state hypothesis about walls of uncertain origin. To that end an assessment methodology proposed by the authors will be implemented.La mayor parte del patrimonio monumental andaluz construido en tierra corresponde a edificaciones militares levantadas en tapial entre los siglos XII al XV. Las del Antiguo Reino de Sevilla constituyen un grupo muy significativo, muchas de las cuales han sido objeto de intervenciones en las últimas décadas. En este trabajo se determinan, analizan y evalúan los principales rasgos técnicos y métricos de las fábricas de tapia de este ámbito espacial de época almohade, con un triple fin: aportar directrices que garanticen una restauración coherente y respetuosa con el bien patrimonial, avanzar en el conocimiento de los usos históricos de esta técnica constructiva y plantear hipótesis en relación a fábricas de adscripción cronológica incierta. Para ello, se implementa la metodología propuesta por los autores en trabajos precedentes.

  4. Origen del Palacio de Pedro I en el Alcázar de Sevilla: el mirador hoy llamado de los Reyes Católicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Aguilera, Sebastián

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study originated with the search for the possible initial site of the main door of the Old Chapel, which, following its restoration and study, turned out to be older than the rest of the Mudéjar palace of King Pedro I (Seville, 1365. During this investigation, and based on recent studies carried out as the result of several previous restorations, the author realized that this door was not relocated from another place. It had formed part of the earlier Gothic palace to which the construction of Pedro I’s palace was attached at this juncture, with several rooms from basement to upper balcony predating the Mudéjar building, thereby concluding that it must have been the work of his father, King Alfonso XI.El presente trabajo, se inicia con la búsqueda del emplazamiento que pudo tener la gran puerta de la Antigua Capilla, de la que, tras su restauración y estudio, sabemos que existía con anterioridad a la obra mudéjar del palacio de Pedro I en Sevilla en 1365. En esa búsqueda, y apoyándonos en los distintos estudios que se vienen realizando con motivo de restauraciones recientes, hemos llegado a la conclusión de que no se trata de carpintería reutilizada, sino que es toda la construcción de esa parte del palacio, adosada al anterior palacio gótico, y con distintas estancias desde el sótano hasta el Mirador, la que ya existía con anterioridad al rey Don Pedro, y con toda probabilidad obra de su padre el rey Alfonso XI, como se concluye en este artículo.

  5. Análisis del Cumplimiento de la Seguridad de los Equipamientos Deportivos del Municipio de Sevilla (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta García Tascón

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio analiza el cumplimiento de la normativa de seguridad UNE-EN, de no obligado cumplimiento, de diferentes equipamientos deportivos en las instalaciones deportivas gestionadas de forma directa por el Instituto Municipal de Deportes de Sevilla (España. Se ha realizado un estudio de carácter cuantitativo, corte descriptivo y transversal, utilizando varias hojas de observación elaboradoras por el Instituto de Biomecánica de Valencia (IBV y el Consejo Superior de Deportes (CSD, con el fin de analizar un total de 45 equipamientos para la práctica de las modalidades deportivas de baloncesto (canastas, balonmano-fútbol sala (porterías, fútbol (porterías, voleibol y tenis (postes y red. Los resultados indican que la normativa no se cumple en su totalidad (100% en ninguno de los equipamientos analizados. Respecto al porcentaje del grado de cumplimiento destaca el equipamiento de balonmano-fútbol sala (60,40% y de tenis (53,40%. En cuanto a los aspectos generales, el equipamiento con mayor grado de cumplimiento es el de fútbol (76,50% y el que peor porcentaje registra es el voleibol (40%. En los aspectos estructurales, las porterías de balonmano/fútbol sala destacan con un 66,10% y los postes de tenis (46,40% son los que menos cumplimiento registran. Por último, en cuanto a los aspectos sobre la red, la pista de baloncesto cumple con un 69,40% frente a la de fútbol con un 18,83%. Estos porcentajes que rondan el 50% del cumplimiento de la normativa deben ser motivo de atención para las autoridades, y hacer que esta normativa sea de obligado cumplimiento para garantizar la seguridad durante la práctica de las diferentes modalidades deportivas.

  6. Segregación residencial, concepciones espaciales subjetivas y xenofobia en Sevilla. Determinando el umbral para la intervención social

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Iglesias Pascual

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La medición de la segregación residencial de población extranjera, tradicionalmente se ha cen-trado en analizar su localización, distribución y concentración en el espacio urbano. Este artículo se centra en analizar el umbral de segregación a partir del cual sería necesaria la intervención social en aras de una correcta gestión de la diversidad étnica y cultural. Para ello, a través de una metodología basada en el análisis de las actitudes hacia el extranjero, analizamos la relación entre la segregación y la xenofobia. Consideramos que en el origen de la segregación residencial de la población extranjera, además de elementos económicos y residenciales, se puede encontrar un trasfondo de subjetividad socio-espacial, estrechamente relacionado con la aparición de la xeno-fobia. Esto resulta crucial para analizar la manera en que los ciudadanos generan su imagen sobre las zonas segregadas, ya que dicha construcción social determina el inicio o desarrollo del proce-so de segregación. En el caso de Sevilla, esta metodología ha servido para identificar tres ámbitos y dimensiones diferenciadas de segregación. Barrios donde el extranjero está claramente segre-gado, barrios marginalizados y segregados, así como zonas donde el extranjero resulta invisible.

  7. Cómo ven los profesores de distintas titulaciones las condiciones profesionales de la universidad de Sevilla: el análisis de correspondencias múltiples

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina MAYOR RUIZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El profesorado universitario debe atender a tres funciones representativas de esta profesión: la docencia, la investigación y la gestión. El trabajo que presentamos pretende indagar en estas responsabilidades, asi como en las limitaciones y preocupaciones en torno a las condiciones profesionales del profesorado de la Universidad de Sevilla. El cuestionario es utilizado como técnica de recogida de información. La opinión de profesores con experiencia y profesores principiantes conforma el eje fundamental de este trabajo. El análisis de datos y los resultados procedentes del mismo son presentados en este estudio.ABSTRACT: The faculty must attend to three representative functions of this profession: the teaching, the research and the management. The work that we present intends to investígate in these responsibilities, as well as in the limitations and preoccupations in connection with the professional conditions of the faculty of the University of Seville. The questionnaire is used as strategies of withdrawal of information. The belief of teachers with experience and beginning teachers certifies the fundamental shaft of this work. The analysis of data and the results originating from the same are presented in this study.RESUME: Les professeur universitaire s'occupent de trois fonction: l'enseignant, la rechercher et la gestión. Notre travail recherche dans celle-ci responsabilitées, et aussi dans les limitations et préoccupation de les professeurs de l'université de Seville. Le questionnarie est utilisé comme technique pour récoletér information. L'opinion des professeurs avec expériences et les professeurs débutants son l'axe principal de notre travail. L'analyse des note et les résultats deérivé sont presenté ici.

  8. LA INVESTIGACIÓN CUALITATIVA Y LA PROMOCIÓN DE LA SALUD EN LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRIDE MADRID

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    Ma. Ángeles Gil Nebot

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se relata la experiencia de investigación cualitativa desarrollada por la Dirección General de Salud Pública de la Comunidad de Madrid, desde el año 1991 hasta la actualidad. La práctica de la investigación se estructura en dos áreas de trabajo: el «Sistema de Información Sociocultural de Salud» y el «Plan de investigación». El primero analiza lo que para la población madrileña significa la salud, los factores que en ella intervienen, el valor que le asignan y la importancia relativa en el conjunto de sus intereses. El segundo investiga aspectos concretos de los procesos de salud/enfermedad, identificados por los técnicos en el desarrollo de los programas de Salud Pública. Las poblaciones tienen sus propias representaciones mentales y modelos culturales sobre la salud, no siempre coincidentes con el discurso sanitario, que guían sus acciones de modo determinante. La mera constatación empírica de los hechos sociales se ha mostrado insuficiente para entender y ayudar a transformar los comportamientos humanos siendo, en este sentido, las cuestiones ideológicas y afectivas las que cobran una importancia relevante. La investigación estructural, mediante el uso de técnicas cualitativas, nos permite acercarnos al conocimiento de estas cuestiones, orientando las actuaciones de Educación Sanitaria y Promoción de la Salud. La información generada tiene como finalidad ser devuelta a los diversos sectores de población implicados, instituciones y profesionales del campo sanitario, social y educativo, así como a organizaciones vinculadas a la Promoción de la Salud, con la intención de generar cambios en las instituciones y desarrollos en los discursos sociales.

  9. Valuation of social and health effects of transport-related air pollution in Madrid (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monzon, Andres; Guerrero, Maria-Jose [Transport Department, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Escuela Tecnica Superior de Ingenieros de Caminos, C. y P., Caminos, Ciudad Universitaria, s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2004-12-01

    Social impacts of pollutants from mobile sources are a key element in urban design and traffic planning. One of the most relevant impacts is health effects associated with high pollution periods. Madrid is a city that suffers chronic congestion levels and some periods of very stable atmospheric conditions; as a result, pollution levels exceed air quality standards for certain pollutants.This paper focuses on the social evaluation of transport-related emissions. A new methodology to evaluate those impacts in monetary terms has been designed and applied to Madrid. The method takes into account costs associated with losses in working time, mortality and human suffering; calculated using an impact pathway approach linked to CORINAIR emissions. This also allows the calculation of social costs associated with greenhouse gas impacts. As costs have been calculated individually by effect and mode of transport, they can be used to design pricing policies based on real social costs. This paper concludes that the health and social costs of transport-related air pollution in Madrid is 357 Meuro. In these circumstances, the recent public health tax applied in Madrid is clearly correct and sensible with a fair pricing policy on car use.

  10. Pasarela metálica sobre la C. N. III, Madrid-Valencia

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    Rodríguez-Borlado Olavarrieta, Ramiro

    1967-03-01

    Full Text Available The footbridge over the C. N. Ill , Madrid-Valencia road, near Madrid, enables pedestrians to cross the motor road where the latter runs between Moratalaz and Vallecas, without impeding the road traffic. The adoption of an elevated pass is convenient, since at this section the road runs along a deep trench. The structure of the footpath is a continuous metallic box girder, resting on five rectangular metal supports, and two end concrete abutments. The total length of the bridge is 100 m, and the width of the platform is 2.40 m. The project took one month to complete.La pasarela sobre la C. N. III, Madrid-Valencia, en la autopista de acceso a Madrid, permite el paso de peatones entre los barrios de Moratalaz y Vallecas sin interferir el tráfico rodado. La solución de paso superior resulta conveniente, ya que la autopista discurre en trinchera en el lugar de ubicación de esta obra. La estructura está formada por una viga metálica continua de sección en cajón, apoyada sobre cinco soportes rectangulares metálicos y dos estribos de hormigón armado. La obra tiene una longitud total de aproximadamente 100 m y el ancho de la plataforma es de 2,40 metros. El plazo de realización de la obra ha sido de un mes aproximadamente.

  11. Habitos Alimentarios e Higiene Dental en una Poblacion Preescolar de Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafarga, R. Tarazona; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Nutriment habits and oral hygiene in a preschool population in Madrid were studied by stratification in public or private schools. Significant differences were found only with regard to consumption of fish. Vegetable and fruit consumption was low in both groups, but not statistically significant. (SH)

  12. Valuation of social and health effects of transport-related air pollution in Madrid (Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Monzon, Andres; Guerrero, Maria-Jose

    2004-01-01

    Social impacts of pollutants from mobile sources are a key element in urban design and traffic planning. One of the most relevant impacts is health effects associated with high pollution periods. Madrid is a city that suffers chronic congestion levels and some periods of very stable atmospheric conditions; as a result, pollution levels exceed air quality standards for certain pollutants. This paper focuses on the social evaluation of transport-related emissions. A new methodology to evaluate those impacts in monetary terms has been designed and applied to Madrid. The method takes into account costs associated with losses in working time, mortality and human suffering; calculated using an impact pathway approach linked to CORINAIR emissions. This also allows the calculation of social costs associated with greenhouse gas impacts. As costs have been calculated individually by effect and mode of transport, they can be used to design pricing policies based on real social costs. This paper concludes that the health and social costs of transport-related air pollution in Madrid is 357 Meuro. In these circumstances, the recent public health tax applied in Madrid is clearly correct and sensible with a fair pricing policy on car use

  13. Promoting Entrepreneurial Culture in the University: The Institutional Collaborative Model at the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Pablo, Isidro; Alfaro, Fernando; Rodriguez, Miriam; Valdes, Esperanza

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a case of collaboration between different types of public services and the private sector for the promotion of an entrepreneurial culture. This collaboration is achieved by means of a centre established and developed by the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, the Centro de Iniciativas Emprendedoras (the Centre for Entrepreneurial…

  14. Tourism in Conflict Zones. The Promotion of Spanish Civil War Heritage in the Community of Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Navajas Corral

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available For more than a decade, the processes of patrimonialization of spaces and cultural assets of the Spanish Civil War have been strengthened. The Community of Madrid has not been, and is not, alien to this process. Since the creation of the Grupo de Estudios del Frente de Madrid (GEFREMA in 2002, associations whose objective is to investigate this historical period and its material legacy, research, and patrimonialisation processes in the region have continued to increase. Arganda del Rey, Morata de Tajuña, Guadarrama, Buitrago de Lozoya, Madrid, etc., are some of the places where heritage is already available to citizens and is offered as a tourist resource. This article presents an investigation that analyzes the different spaces of the Spanish Civil War that have recovered in the region of Madrid. Based on the museological theories, which provides the communication and interpretation of the heritage, and the methodologies for the collection of quantitative and qualitative data, we have evaluated the different places in which this heritage has been valued in order to be able to Define its main variables and also be able to build proposals for its future and for future interventions elsewhere.

  15. The Making of a Feminist: Spaces of Self-Formation among Latina Immigrant Activists in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyrness, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the role and meaning of auto-formación (self-formation) in the making of feminist, activist identities among Latin American activist women in Madrid, Spain. I argue that auto-formación, a collective process of self-recovery and consciousness-raising that is shared by third world feminists around the world, allows migrant…

  16. «El corazón de Madrid».

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Tabares

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available EL SERVICIO DE MEDIACIÓN SOCIAL INTERCULTURAL (SEMSI: Una experiencia de mediación comunitaria en el ámbito de las migraciones y la convivencia intercultural. 1997-2002. Ayuntamiento de Madrid. Área de Servicios Sociales.

  17. Cultural Diversity in Compulsory Education: An Overview of the Context of Madrid (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaurena, Ines Gil

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines educational practices in Spain and in particular Madrid. With this contextual frame as the starting point the following issues are discussed: the "official" conceptualization of cultural diversity, educational policies and resolutions related to cultural diversity, and school programs and resources facilitated by…

  18. The Commodification of English in "Madrid, Comunidad Bilingüe": Insights from the CLIL Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Relaño Pastor, Ana María

    2015-01-01

    This article analyzes how multilingual education in the Madrid region has been addressed through the medium of Spanish/English content and language integrated learning (CLIL) bilingual programs, widely implemented in public schools of this region in the last decade. By adopting a critical interpretive perspective (Tollefson in "Language…

  19. El proceso de alfabetización en Galicia: un intento de explicación y comprensión

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    Narciso DE GABRIEL

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se examina la evolución de la alfabetización en Galicia entre 1860 y 2001, haciendo especial énfasis en el acusado diferencial de género que lo caracteriza; se analizan las relaciones entre escolarización y alfabetización, y se identifican algunos de los factores que nos puedan ayudar a explicar y comprender el proceso de alfabetización. Uno de los factores a los que se presta más atención es la emigración.

  20. Analysis of causes of the eventual increment in climatic episodies in the period 2004-2014 and the consequences on the coast of Galicia (NW Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez Lopez, Fernando; Diez, Javier; Veiga, Efren

    2015-04-01

    In recent years has observed an increase in atmospheric and marine events on the coast of Galicia (Spain) which have caused economic losses and human lives; and also an alarm in the population. This work analyse the consequences in order temporal and geographical; and the possible causes and influences which can motivate the presence of these events and their consequences. This work also proposes a strategy to prevent such events and to limit their effects. The generating criteria proposed is a rating system of security, in such way that the society by itself generates the trends for improvement. Keywords: Security, Civil engineering, Marine constructions, Realibility, Insurance, Prevention forensic engineering

  1. El lugar y la región en la cartografía colonial. El caso de Guadalajara y la Nueva Galicia

    OpenAIRE

    García Rojas, Irma Beatriz

    2006-01-01

    En el proceso de conocimiento y apropiación de los territorios novohispanos por parte de la Corona y el virreinato, cada lugar y región de los inmensos dominios fueron vistos y representados cartográficamente con la participación conjunta o aislada de políticos, administradores, científicos, artistas y artesanos, con graduaciones, perspectivas e intenciones diferentes. En el caso de Guadalajara y de la Nueva Galicia (reino e intendencia) ¿cómo tuvo lugar este proceso, tomando en cuenta el car...

  2. El lugar y la región en la cartografía colonial. El caso de Guadalajara y la Nueva Galicia

    OpenAIRE

    García Rojas, Irma Beatriz

    2007-01-01

    En el proceso de conocimiento y apropiación de los territorios novohispanos por parte de la Corona y el virreinato, cada lugar y región de los inmensos dominios fueron vistos y representados cartográficamente con la participación conjunta o aislada de políticos, administradores, científicos, artistas y artesanos, con graduaciones, perspectivas e intenciones diferentes. En el caso de Guadalajara y de la Nueva Galicia (reino e intendencia) ¿cómo tuvo lugar este proceso, tomando en cuenta el car...

  3. Pardos Militias in the Region of New Galicia (Kingdom of New Spain). An Analysis of Social and Political Practices during the Second Half of the Eighteenth Century

    OpenAIRE

    José Rojas Galván

    2016-01-01

    El artículo analiza los factores sociopolíticos que propiciaron que los milicianos pardos de Nueva Galicia fueran protagonistas dentro de la estructura colonial. La investigación toma como referentes teóricos las perspectivas de la historia regional y la historia social en tanto que buscan hacer evidentes las transformaciones de un territorio con respecto a las condiciones de la sociedad. Las fuentes documentales utilizadas provienen de archivos de España y México. Los resultados de la invest...

  4. Modernización y gestión del personal: el caso de la Administración autonómica de Galicia

    OpenAIRE

    Briones Gamarra, Óscar

    2006-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene como objeto conocer las consecuencias que en la práctica de gestión de personal ha tenido el proceso modernizador iniciado en las Comunidades Autónomas españolas a principios de los años noventa. Las conclusiones del estudio, centrado en el caso de la Comunidad de Galicia, pueden extrapolarse a otras Administraciones autonómicas y componer una imagen real de la situación de la función pública en España.

  5. Caracterización genética de poblaciones de Paracentrotus lividus (Lamarck, 1816) en Asturias, Galicia y Canarias y desarrollo de sistemas de cultivo en batea

    OpenAIRE

    Tourón Besada, Noelia

    2013-01-01

    El erizo de mar, Paracentrotus lividus, se distribuye por las costas del Atlántico norte y del mar Mediterráneo. La tradición de comer erizo de mar en España es típica principalmente de Asturias, Cataluña y Cantabria; la zona de extracción principal para su posterior exportación es Galicia. La oferta de este producto aumenta progresivamente en nuestros mercados, lo que está provocando una sobreexplotación de erizos de las costas gallegas, pues es una especie con lenta recuperación y crecimien...

  6. Economic crisis and its influences on the interaction between land use and transport in Madrid Region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Y.

    2016-07-01

    The road transport system is closely linked to the land-use system. The road system connects territories at all spatial scale, on the other hand, passengers and freight travel behavior are strongly influenced both by land-use and the road transport system. Hence, research in the field of the interactions between land-use and the road transport system is still less, particular the influence of the economic crisis. This paper aims to find out if the statistical analysis of land use and mobility can help to answer the question of what happens during economic crisis on both land use and transport system, and unveiling key spatial relationships between them. The methodology for the analysis was developed accordingly with the data and resources available. First, an exploratory data analysis (EDA) is performed in order to identify the land use and mobility pattern during the last decade. This analysis focuses on six aspects, which are distribution of population and dwellings, employment and jobs, GDP, motorization and modal split. The second aspect consists on crossing the spatial patterns of the different aspects in order to find some explanatory relationships that indicate the presence of the key characteristics. The analysis is based on the case of Madrid Region. The land-use and transport data presented in this analysis are from 2004 to 2014, which are collected from the national statistical institute, the regional government database and two urban mobility surveys of Madrid. Through the exploration analysis, we find that there is close relationship between the land-use system and travel behavior in Madrid Region. With an increasing of new dwellings constructed in the outer periphery of Madrid Region, it leads longer trips distance and more travel cost particularly by car mode. Moreover, during the economic crisis, we also find the motorization level of Madrid keeps the same, as a result of the decreasing GDP and relatively decreasing. (Author)

  7. The urban microclimate in open space. Case studies in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Tumini

    2014-04-01

    de proyecto, aplicados a tres casos de estudio situados en un barrio periurbano de la ciudad de Madrid. Para la determinación de los parámetros climáticos se han empleado valores obtenidos con un proceso de simulación computarizada, basados en los principios de fluidodinámica, termodinámica y del intercambio radioactivo en el espacio construido. A través de uso de programas de simulación podemos hacer una previsión de las condiciones microclimáticas de las situaciones actuales y de los efectos de la aplicación de medidas. La gran ventaja en el uso de sistemas de cálculo es que se pueden evaluar diferentes escenarios de proyecto y elegir entre ellos el que asegura mejores prestaciones ambientales. Los resultados obtenidos en los diferentes escenarios han sido comparados con los valores de confort del estado actual, utilizando como indicador de la sensación térmica el índice UTCI. El análisis comparativo ha permitido la realización de una tabla de resumen donde se muestra la evaluación de las diferentes soluciones de rehabilitación. Se ha podido así demostrar que no existe una solución constructiva eficaz para todas las aplicaciones, sino que cada situación debe ser estudiada individualmente, aplicando caso por caso las medidas más oportunas. Si bien los sistemas de simulación computarizada pueden suponer un importante apoyo para la fase de diseño, es responsabilidad del proyectista emplear las herramientas más adecuadas en cada fase y elegir las soluciones más oportunas para cumplir con los objetivos del proyecto. Abstract: The urban microclimate plays an important role on buildings energy consumption and comfort sensation in exterior spaces. Nowadays, cities need to increase energy efficiency, reduce the pollutants emissions and mitigate the evident lack of sustainability. In reason of this, attention has focused on the bioclimatic urbanism as a reference of change proposal of the way to design and live the city. Hitherto, the researches on

  8. Las TICs como factor de inclusión social. Programa aplicado en Galicia, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoel Baña Castro

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Con el avance de la investigación sobre la cohesión social y las personas en colectivos de alto riesgo de exclusión social se torna más relevante el papel jugado por las familias en sus propias perspectivas de inclusión social y vida futura. El colectivo de las personas con diversidad funcional de solicita el correcto funcionamiento de sus grupos de referencia, para con su educación, su inclusión social y su buen desarrollo y calidad de vida, ya que ellos son los más importantes para proporcionales los apoyos que demandan y necesitan para con su aprendizaje y desarrollo social. En este trabajo se presenta un proyecto de desarrollo armonizado de los apoyos familiares hacia las personas con diversidad funcional a través de la utilización de las tecnologías de la comunicación y de la información, que aplicadas con la metodología y seguimientos adecuados, en un contexto armonizado con las experiencias escolares. De este modo se propicia efecto de multiplicador en los progresos alcanzados por dicho colectivo, de modo que se facilite la consecución de su inclusión social y por ende, el alcanzar la calidad de vida adecuada compatible con una sociedad desarrollada que pretende maximizar el bienestar social. El proyecto se ha desarrollado en Galicia, con el seguimiento de un grupo de familias a quienes se ha dotado de los medios y formación necesarios para incorporar la tics a su rutina diaria, los primeros resultados son esperanzadores y estimulan la continuidad en esta línea de trabajo.

  9. REVISIÓN LEGISLATIVA SOBRE EL ELEMENTO CONTAMINANTE BORO EN AGUAS RESIDUALES INDUSTRIALES (GALICIA, NOROESTE DE ESPAÑA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª JESÚS RODRÍGUEZ GUERREIRO

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El ácido bórico y sus derivados se utilizan en numerosas actividades industriales, de tal manera que las aguas residuales procedentes de vertidos industriales constituyen una de las fuentes de boro para los lodos de depuradora o para las rías en caso de vertido directo desde los colectores. Los compuestos borados en las aguas residuales no son retenidos por los procesos de tratamiento en las estaciones depuradoras (EDAR por lo que son reintegrados al medio natural. Además, las EDAR no poseen legislación que limite y controle los compuestos borados generados en las aguas residuales de los vertidos industriales. De forma general se puede decir que la tendencia del boro a acumularse en los tejidos animales y vegetales constituyen un riesgo potencial para la salud de aquellos que consuman alimentos y aguas con altos contenidos de boro. Debido a la preocupación existente en algunas Comunidades autónomas sobre la contaminación por boro en sus EDAR se ha realizado un análisis de la situación actual del boro en la Legislación de la Comunidad Económica Europea y en las disposiciones de ámbito estatal y autonómico. Se ha llegado a la conclusión de que Galicia es una de las Comunidades que presenta una de las normativas autonómicas más permisivas para el valor del boro en las aguas residuales (Canon de vertido mayor 10 mg/L mientras que otras Comunidades autónomas tienen rebajado este valor.

  10. [Modelling science. The ceroplastics of Ignacio Lacaba in the Colegio de Cirugía de San Carlos, Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morente, Maribel

    2016-01-01

    Models made of wax had enormous diffusion in the anatomical teaching of the 18th century. It transcended the borders of a science that impregnated with scientific knowledge the artistic expression of beauty. Based on this premise, the San Carlos Royal College of Surgery created in Madrid a large collection of anatomical models, which is currently maintained by the Javier Puerta Anatomy Museum in the School of Medicine at Madrid Complutense University. The collection began in 1786 with Ignacio Lacaba, the first dissector of the Surgery College of Madrid, whose artistic sensibility and deep knowledge of anatomy contributed and facilitated harmonization between the work of the wax sculptors and language and anatomical expression.

  11. Inicios, evolución y decadencia del espacio arquitectónico en la Escuela Primaria Pública española: Una visión desde Sevilla. Beginnings, evolution and decay of architectural space in the Spanish Public Primary School: A view from Sevilla.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosa María Añón Abajas

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available (ES Se defiende la importancia del espacio arquitectónico en la educación infantil y primaria, comparando ejemplos de ámbito nacional o internacional con casos de Sevilla estudiados con detalle. En España se revelan cruciales los años finales del siglo XIX y primeras décadas del XX, alcanzando un punto álgido en la Segunda República. Se concluye reflexionando sobre la vigencia de esta importante cuestión mediante un ensayo crítico sobre la situación actual de edificios modelo como "los Altos Colegios" del barrio de la Macarena y "el grupo escolar Reina Victoria" en el barrio de Triana. Ambos celebraron ya su centenario pero mantienen gran vitalidad. (EN The importance of architectonic space is defended in the nursery and primary education, comparing national and international examples to Seville cases, reviewed in detail. In Spain are crucial the latest years of XIX century and first decades of XX, reaching a high point in the Second Republic. The article is completed reflecting about the validity of this important question trough a critical essay about the actual situation of model buildings as "los Altos Colegios" from the neighbourhood of La Macarena and "el grupo escolar Reina Victoria" in Triana district. Both celebrated their centenary, but they keep a great vitality.

  12. Experimental hematology: theoretical and practical course, Madrid 31th may to 4th june 1993. Hematologia experimental: curso tecnico practico, Madrid, 31 de mayo a 4 de junio 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bueren, J.A.; Tejero Ortega, C. (eds.)

    1993-01-01

    This book contains the lectures of hematology course held in Madrid. The main scope of conferences are: 1.- Hematopoiesis: regulation, growing ionizing radiations, damage and radiation effects. 2.- Radioprotection: stem cells of mouse 3.- Genetic: hematopoietic pathology 4.- Stem cells

  13. El síndrome metabólico y su prevalencia en la población que acude a una farmacia comunitaria de Sevilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guerra Hidalgo A

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS La prevalencia del síndrome metabólico y su repercusión cardiovascular requiere de medidas dirigidas a su prevención y control. El farmacéutico comunitario, como sanitario más próximo a la población, juega un papel fundamental en el manejo de uno de los factores más determinantes en su desarrollo: el estilo de vida. El objetivo es estimar la prevalencia del síndrome metabólico en la población que acude a las farmacias de Sevilla e identificar sus factores asociados. MÉTODOS Estudio transversal con 69 pacientes reclutados desde enero a agosto de 2008. La presencia de síndrome metabólico se determinó usando los criterios de la Federación Internacional de Diabetes. RESULTADOS La prevalencia hallada es del 33,3%. El componente más frecuente es la obesidad (53,6%, seguida por hipertensión (44,9%, hiperglucemia (40,6%, hipertrigliceridemia (34,8% e hipocolesterolemia HDL (24,6%. El sedentarismo (p=0,002, el elevado consumo de café (p=0,036 y carnes rojas y embutidos (p=0,004, unida a la baja ingesta de pescado (p<0,001, frutas y verduras (p<0,001 y productos lácteos (p=0,027 se han identificado como factores de riesgo para su desarrollo. CONCLUSIONES La prevalencia hallada es de las más altas encontradas en España. Es necesario incidir en la adopción de hábitos de vida saludable que disminuyan su repercusión sanitaria. El farmacéutico comunitario debe aprovechar su posición estratégica para educar a la población de riesgo.

  14. El turismo rural en Galicia. Análisis de su evolución en la última década

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    Begoña Besteiro Rodríguez

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available El turismo rural ha experimentado un desarrollo muy importante en Galicia en los últimos años. Este tipo de turismo responde a las políticas de diversificación de la oferta turística gallega, siendo utilizado como elemento dinamizador de la economía rural afectada por las medidas de reconversión agraria. Asimismo, el turismo rural permite poner en valor el patrimonio turístico, revitalizando costumbres, tradiciones populares, fiestas, fomentando la difusión de la artesanía y la gastronomía popular. Además se trata de prestar una especial atención a la preservación y potenciación del medio ambiente natural, al tiempo que se promueve la restauración del importante patrimonio histórico, artístico y cultural, en el contexto de las teorías del desarrollo sostenible. En este trabajo se analiza la situación y evolución del turismo rural en Galicia desde los años 90 hasta la actualidad presentando una visión cuantitativa del mismo a partir de sus principales magnitudes.

  15. Organización eclesiástica y social en la Galicia tardoantigua. Una perspectiva geográfico-arqueológica del Parroquial Suevo

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    Sánchez Pardo, José Carlos

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The text traditionally called «Suevic Parishes List» has no parallel in Late Antique Western Europe. However, it still remains underexploited by historians of the Church and Society of Northwest Iberia. This paper aims to expand its understanding by means of other sources of the same period (archeology, saint dedications, place names and coins. This approach allow us to achieve a deeper understanding of the creation of the first «parishes» in Galicia in the 6th-7th centuries, and a richer knowledge of the geographical and social-historical context, in which this first process of rural ecclesiastical organization must be interpreted.El llamado «Parroquial Suevo» constituye un documento extraordinario en el Occidente latino tardoantiguo que, sin embargo, permanece todavía infraexplotado por los historiadores de la Iglesia y de la sociedad del Noroeste peninsular. En este trabajo pretendemos ampliar su estudio en combinación con otras fuentes del momento (arqueología, advocaciones, toponimia y numismática para acercarnos un poco mejor a la creación de las primeras «parroquias» en la Galicia de los siglos VI-VII y al contexto, geográfico e histórico-social, en el que debe interpretarse este primer proceso de organización eclesiástica rural.

  16. EucaTool®, a cloud computing application for estimating the growth and production of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. plantations in Galicia (NW Spain

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    Alberto Rojo-Alboreca

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim of study: To present the software utilities and explain how to use EucaTool®, a free cloud computing application developed to estimate the growth and production of seedling and clonal blue gum (Eucalyptus globulus Labill. plantations in Galicia (NW Spain.Area of study: Galicia (NW Spain.Material and methods: EucaTool® implements a dynamic growth and production model that is valid for clonal and non-clonal blue gum plantations in the region. The model integrates transition functions for dominant height (site index curves, number of stems per hectare (mortality function and basal area, as well as output functions for tree and stand volume, biomass and carbon content.Main results: EucaTool® can be freely accessed from any device with an Internet connection, from http://app.eucatool.com. In addition, useful information about the application is published on a related website: http://www.eucatool.com.Research highlights: The application has been designed to enable forest stakeholders to estimate volume, biomass and carbon content of forest plantations from individual trees, diameter classes or stand data, as well as to estimate growth and future production (indicating the optimal rotation age for maximum income by measurement of only four stand variables: age, number of trees per hectare, dominant height and basal area.Keywords: forest management; biomass; seedling; clones; blue gum; forest tool.

  17. Neandertales en el centro peninsular: tecnocomplejos musterienses en la región de Madrid = Neanderthals in central Iberian: Mousterian technocomplex in the region of Madrid

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    Concepción Torre Navas

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Durante los últimos años, la investigación sobre el Paleolítico en la región de Madrid ha proporcionado nuevos yacimientos y datos que permiten llevar a cabo una actualización de nuestro conocimiento del poblamiento humano de esta región durante el Pleistoceno superior. Las condiciones geo-litológicas de la cuenca sedimentaria madrileña, sumada a la peculiar fisiografía de sierra, pie de monte y cuenca drenada por una densa red fluvial, proporciona un contexto singular en el que el poblamiento parece organizarse funcionalmente atendiendo a los rasgos que cada contexto posee. Las comunidades musterienses supieron sacar provecho de una ordenada estructuración funcional del espacio. En este trabajo además de realizar una actualización del conocimiento en la región, planteamos como los grupos musterienses organizaron de manera planificada y complementaria la explotación de los distintos recursos en nuestra región respondiendo a patrones similares al de otras regiones europeas.In recent years, research on the Paleolithic in the region of Madrid has provided new archaeological sites, sequences and interpretations that allow us to update our knowledge about the human settlement in this region during the upper Pleistocene. Geo-lithological conditions of the Madrid sedimentary basin, combined with the peculiar physiography compose by mountains, slopes and basin drained by a dense river network provides a unique context in which the settlement seems to have been organized as a response to each particular context. During millennia, Mousterian communities learned to use a functional structure of space in order to organize the global activities. In this work, in addition to update our knowledge of the Mousterian occupation this region, we propose the existence of a organizational and complementary model of resource exploitation similar to other european regions.

  18. El Madrid inquisitorial en la España del Siglo de Oro

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    Rose, Constance H.

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The Madrid of Lope de Vega, Calderón de la Barca and other figures of Spain's Golden Age is also the Madrid of the fearsome Inquisition directed against the influx of Portuguese Jews and against native New Christians of Jewish background, often merchants whose work allowed them to circulate throughout Europe and North Africa. Eradication or true conversion were the only solutions proposed by the Holy Office. Since those conversos who fled Spain left no record dealing with their daily lives in Inquisitorial Madrid, the best source for obtaining such Information and for recreating the atmosphere of the era is the Holy Office itself. Accordingly, the author examines the reports written to the king by the civil servants and/or church officials charged with creating three spectacular autos de fe carried out in the Plaza Mayor: one in 1632 and two in 1680.

    El Madrid de Lope de Vega, Calderón de la Barca y otras figuras del Siglo de Oro español es también el Madrid del terror inquisitorial, dirigido contra los recién llegados judíos portugueses y los cristianos nuevos madrileños, de origen judío, muchos de ellos mercaderes cuyo trabajo les llevaba a viajar por toda Europa y el norte de África. El Santo Oficio no les permitía más opciones que la desaparición física o la conversión sincera. Como aquellos que huyeron del país no dejaron nada escrito sobre su vida cotidiana en este Madrid inquisitorial, la mejor fuente para obtener esta información y recrear el ambiente de la época es el Santo Oficio mismo. Por ello, la autora examina los informes dirigidos al Rey por los oficiales reales y/o inquisidores, encargados de la organización de tres espectaculares autos de fe que tuvieron lugar en la Plaza Mayor, uno en 1632 y dos en 1680.

  19. Productos vegetales utilizados en Madrid entre los siglos XIV y XIX

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    Menéndez de Luarca, Luis Ramón-Laca

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available In an attempt to describe the plant culture of Madrid of the Middle Ages and Modern Age, this paper provides a list of some 300 vegetal products cited in various documents referring to the city dated to the fourteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The identity of the 170 plants mentioned in these documents is discussed.

    Con la intención de esbozar una historia de la cultura madrileña de las plantas a lo largo de la Edad Media y la Edad Moderna, presentamos aquí una lista de aproximadamente 300 productos vegetales citados en diversos documentos de los siglos XIV, XVI, XVII, XVIII y XIX referentes a la ciudad de Madrid, incluyendo una hipótesis de identificación de las 170 especies correspondientes a dichos productos.

  20. Assessment of the Atmospheric Suspended Particles Pollution in the Madrid Air Quality Networks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salvador, P.; Artinano, B.

    2000-01-01

    Suspended particles are a very complex type of atmospheric pollution because of their chemical composition and size. In fact, there are a quite high number of particles sources which are linked to different physicochemical processes that determine their size. At present particles smaller than 10 μm are considered the most dangerous, as has been recently pointed out by numerous epidemiologic studies. In this way, more restrictive concentration limit values have been approved in the EU countries, so an assessment of present airborne concentration values and the sources apportionment in their most representative areas is needed. In the Madrid Community a first approaching of these and other aims, has been carried out from an analysis of the Madrid Air Quality networks data. This will contribute to the establishment of concentration levels abatement strategies. (Author) 111 refs

  1. The impact of New Public Management on efficiency: an analysis of Madrid's hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso, José M; Clifton, Judith; Díaz-Fuentes, Daniel

    2015-03-01

    Madrid has recently become the site of one of the most controversial cases of public healthcare reform in the European Union. Despite the fact that the introduction of New Public Management (NPM) into Madrid hospitals has been vigorous, little scholarship has been done to test whether NPM actually led to technical efficiency. This paper is one of the first attempts to do so. We deploy a bootstrapped data envelopment analysis to compare efficiency scores in traditionally managed hospitals and those operating with new management formulas. We do not find evidence that NPM hospitals are more efficient than traditionally managed ones. Moreover, our results suggest that what actually matters may be the management itself, rather than the management model. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. La batalla eclesial por Madrid (1923-1936. Los conflictos entre Eijo Garay y Federico Tedeschini

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    Rodríguez Lago, José Ramón

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The relationships between the leaders of the Catholic hierarchy are determined by their own theological cosmovisions and their different pastoral strategies, but also by the ambitions of power and the expectations of promotion in the “cursus honorum”. The conflicts that took place from 1923 to 1936 between the apostolic nuncio in Spain, Federico Tedeschini, and the bishop of Madrid, Leopoldo Eijo Garay, are an excellent example of these intricate relationships.Las relaciones entre los dirigentes de la jerarquía católica se ven condicionadas por sus propias cosmovisiones teológicas y sus diferentes estrategias pastorales, pero también por las ambiciones de poder y las expectativas de promoción en el “cursus honorum”. Los conflictos suscitados de 1922 a 1936 entre el Nuncio Pontificio en España, Federico Tedeschini, y el Obispo de Madrid, Leopoldo Eijo Garay, son una excelente prueba de ello.

  3. Colegio femenino San Luis de los Franceses, en Pozuelo de Alarcón – Madrid

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    Aymerich, Manuel

    1970-10-01

    Full Text Available This hostel is close to Madrid and meets all the requirements of the Official Regulations for school buildings. The design has been most carefully worked out, as regards distribution, external and indoor styling, sunlight, spaciousness, orientations and circulations. For all these reasons this hostel is highly functional, as well as of charming simplicity in outline.Se ha emplazado en las proximidades de Madrid y cumple todos los requisitos exigidos por el Reglamento Oficial para construcciones escolares. Se han cuidado extraordinariamente el proyecto y la realización, en lo que se refiere a su: distribución, tratamiento exterior e interior, adecuación al solar, amplitud de programa, orientaciones y circulaciones. Por todo lo expuesto, el complejo construido ha resultado de un notable funcionalismo y de una gran sencillez constructiva y estética.

  4. JOURNALISM ETHICS AND ACCEPTANCE OF GIFTS: A view from Madrid journalists

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    Carlos Maciá Baber

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to present the partial results of a largerresearch project on journalistic ethics from the point of view of the professionals themselves. Specifically, the following pages analyze the perception of Madrid journalists with respect to the legitimacy of accepting various gifts when carrying out their work. The results of 30 in-depth interviews and 410 surveys of newspaper, radio, television, online and press office journalists who carry out their professional activity in the Autonomous Community of Madrid show that this group is very reluctant to accept gifts with a monetary value of over €200, or to carry out activities financed by a news source. Fewer problems arise regarding acceptance of presents of nominal value of a promotional merchandising nature, free tickets to shows and exhibitions, or paid meals and trips.

  5. Journalism ethics and acceptance of gifts: a view from Madrid journalists

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    Susana Herrera Damas

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to present the partial results of a larger research project on journalistic ethics from the point of view of the professionals themselves. Specifically, the following pages analyze the perception of Madrid journalists with respect to the legitimacy of accepting various gifts when carrying out their work. The results of 30 in-depth interviews and 410 surveys of newspaper, radio, television, online and press office journalists who carry out their professional activity in the Autonomous Community of Madrid show that this group is very reluctant to accept gifts with a monetary value of over €200, or to carry out activities financed by a news source. Fewer problems arise regarding acceptance of presents of nominal value of a promotional merchandising nature, free tickets to shows and exhibitions, or paid meals and trips.

  6. La población en Madrid en los primeros años del siglo

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    AMANDO DE MIGUEL

    1982-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza la conversión de Madrid en capital industrial y burocrática de España en los años 1887-1936 siguiendo el esquema de "modernismo poblacional": incidencia decreciente de las guerras, epidemias y el hambre; un nivel alto de nutrición, higiene y salud; descenso de la natalidad; incremento de la movilidad geográfica; expansión de actividades económicas humanas. El desarrollo rural se mide en relación con la proliferación de barrios, la densidad de la población, el aumento en las mujeres de la edad de matrimonio, la migración y las actividades socioeconómicas. El crecimiento de los sectores industrial y de servicios contradice la imagen de Madrid como ciudad primordialmente burocrática.

  7. Study on some risk factors and effects of bovine ketosis on dairy cows from the Galicia region (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viña, C; Fouz, R; Camino, F; Sanjuán, M L; Yus, E; Diéguez, F J

    2017-10-01

    The study was designed to determine the relation between β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) concentrations in milk from dairy cows after calving and the length of the previous lactation, the dry period and the 305-day normalized production, and to assess the influence of BHB concentrations on culling and test-day milk productions and somatic cell counts (SCC) throughout the lactation that followed the BHB measurement. The data used in the study were obtained from 59 187 cows in the Galicia region (Spain). BHB determination was performed using Fourier-transformed infrared spectrometry from the milk samples collected from each cow on the first post-partum test day. For statistical analysis, the following methods were applied: (i) ordinal regression to assess the effect of the length of the previous lactation, the dry period and the 305-day normalized milk production on milk BHB, (ii) a Cox model to estimate the influence of the BHB concentration on risk of culling (overall and for a variety of reasons) and (iii) linear regression to assess the link between BHB and the milk yield and SCC obtained from each of the tests day performed throughout lactation. The probability of having higher BHB concentrations increased when the length of the previous lactation (p = 0.006), the dry period (p = 0.003) and the 305-day normalized milk yield (p = 0.005) increased. However, the slight increase observed (especially for the case of the dry period and the 305-day milk yield) would not justify that measures be implemented to reduce these traits. Higher concentrations of BHB led to an increased risk of culling due to 'death' (p ≤ 0.001) and 'urgent slaughter' (p ≤ 0.002) (both causes of involuntary culling). It also led to a reduction in milk production (p < 0.001) and an increase in SCC (p < 0.001) in the post-partum; from that moment onward (including peak lactation), there were no differences in those two parameters depending on the BHB levels. Journal of Animal

  8. Valoración del cumplimiento de los tratamientos hipoglucemiantes y antihipertensivos en Galicia (‘CumpleGa’

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    Fornos-Pérez JA

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Evaluar en las farmacias comunitarias (FC gallegas la prevalencia de la no adherencia terapéutica en diabetes e hipertensión arterial, identificando factores relacionados con el incumplimiento y la percepción de los pacientes sobre su tratamiento. Métodos: Estudio transversal descriptivo, aleatorizado, realizado en agosto y septiembre de 2016. Se seleccionaron pacientes mayores de edad, en tratamiento con hipoglucemiantes y/o antihipertensivos que llevaban al menos dos meses con la misma pauta terapéutica. Se midió el incumplimiento mediante la administración de tres cuestionarios: Batalla, Haynes-Sacket y Morisky-Green, en una hoja de recogida de datos que incluía los tres, además de las características demográficas de los pacientes. Resultados: Participaron 31 FC en 27 farmacias, que recogieron 1.588 (muestra necesaria: 1.537 cuestionarios válidos: 778 (49,0% mujeres y 810 (51,0% hombres, de edad media 67,6±11,1 años. El número de pacientes incumplidores al menos en uno de los tres tests fue de 1.245 (78,4%. El incumplimiento medio resultó del 42,6%. La percepción de los pacientes sobre su tratamiento fue negativa en el 35,6%. El 51,0% desconoce las complicaciones de su enfermedad, el 33,1% olvida tomar su medicación y el 29,5% no cree que los medicamentos que tienen prescritos sean los adecuados. Conclusiones: El incumplimiento de las pautas terapéuticas de DM y HTA en Galicia es elevado, afectando casi a la mitad de los pacientes. Mal conocimiento sobre la enfermedad, menor nivel de estudios, polimedicación, situación pensionista (mayor edad y percepción negativa sobre sus medicamentos parecen relacionarse con una peor prevalencia del incumplimiento de los tratamientos.

  9. Aprendiendo a ayudar a aprender: Historia de 10 años de formación de tutores de residentes en Galicia Learning to help to learn: The history of 10 years of resident tutors' training in Galicia

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    J.A. Garrido-Sanjuán

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. La formación de los tutores de residentes se ha configurado como uno de los ejes sobre los que recae la calidad del proceso formativo de los especialistas sanitarios. Objetivo. Describir y analizar las características de las acciones de formación de tutores en los 10 últimos años en Galicia, como base del aprendizaje reflexivo para la mejora. Materiales y métodos. Revisión de los programas, contenidos, materiales utilizados, características y procedencia de los participantes, contenidos de los proyectos docentes elaborados y encuestas de valoración. Resultados. Se describen los datos de las 8 ediciones del 'curso de metodología docente y de evaluación para tutores'. Realizaron la formación 86 facultativos. La distribución de participantes por especialidades y áreas sanitarias no se corresponde con el peso de éstas en el sistema asistencial y docente. Las especialidades con más tutores participantes fueron Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria, Anestesiología y Obstetricia-Ginecología. Los 10 facultativos que participaron como docentes estaban en ese momento en ejercicio de su responsabilidad en formación de residentes. Entre los contenidos de los proyectos docentes desarrollados destacan cuantitativamente los dedicados a mejorar la organización de rotaciones o la adaptación de los programas de la especialidad a los centros o unidades, y los dedicados a la mejora metodológica del aprendizaje de habilidades. Se incorporaron nuevas herramientas de evaluación formativa aprendidas durante el curso a muchos de estos proyectos. En las encuestas de valoración final, el curso fue valorado satisfactoriamente por los alumnos, considerando que su contenido era útil para su actividad profesional. Conclusiones. El conocimiento de las áreas sanitarias y especialidades en que ha existido menos incorporación a esta formación permite tenerlo en cuenta a la hora de diseñar acciones futuras. El aprendizaje de nuevas

  10. Don Andrés Bello y don José Fernández Madrid

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    Gabriel Giraldo Jaramillo

    1959-05-01

    Full Text Available Breve pero intensa fue la amistad de estos dos ilustres grancolombianos durante su residencia en Londres. Fernández Madrid desempeñaba el cargo de Ministro Plenipotenciario de Colombia ante el Gobierno de Su Majestad Británica y Bello estuvo por algún tiempo al frente de la secretaría de dicha misión diplomática.

  11. IDA world congress on desalination and water reuse, october 6-9, 1997, Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    International desalination association

    1997-12-31

    The books contain the Congress on Desalination and water reuse held in Madrid during October 1997. The five volumen present the following scopes. 1.- Fresh water world and Regional prospective 2.- Membrane desalination design 3. -Evaporative desalination operational experience 4.- Potable water reuse 5.- Plant automation design and experience 6.- Materials and corrosion research 7.- Chemistry and pretreatment. 8.- Research and development review 9.- Water treatment and potabilitation

  12. El nombramiento de regidores en Madrid (1700-1759 : procedimiento y documentación

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    Manuel Salamanca López

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available La implantación en Madrid del estatuto de nobleza (1603, y su correspondiente ratificación de 1638, supuso que, progresivamente y llegado el siglo xviii, el Concejo estuviese controlado por una oligarquía de carácter nobiliario. Además, se establecieron una serie de mecanismos encaminados a regular el acceso a las regidurías, conforme a un conjunto de requisitos que todo pretendiente debía reunir Para ello, el aspirante tenía que someterse a una serie de pruebas, que se comenzaron a utilizar en Madrid hacia 1608, con el único fin de esclarecer su procedencia social. Todas estas actuaciones cristalizarían en un procedimiento tipo, que ha llegado, más o menos completo, hasta nuestros días en forma de expediente.The installation in Madrid of the statute of nobility (1603, and their corresponding ratification of 1638, supposed that, progressively and arrived the XVIII century, the Town council is controlled by an oligarchy of nobiliary character. Also, a series of mechanisms guided to regulate the access to the regidurías settied down, according to a group of requirements that all pretender should gather. For it, the applicant had to undergo a series of tests that you began to use in Madrid toward 1608, with the only end of clarifying her social origin. All these performances would crystallize more or less in a procedure type that has arrived, complete, unta our days in file form.

  13. Politics of civility: the case of the Association of Undocumented People of Madrid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    2013-01-01

    The mobilization of undocumented immigrants in civil society reflects the politics of civility, defined by Balibar as the creation of a space for an inclusive political community based on equality. The case analysed in this article, the Association of Undocumented People of Madrid, refers......, they also require a more radical change in society (i.e. ‘societal change’). Thinking beyond the framework of national citizenship, migrants, as workers, attempt to foster alternative economic and social conditions....

  14. Viability of a New Road Infrastructure with Heterogeneous Users in Madrid Access

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Cantos-Sanchez; Rafael Moner-Colonques; Jose J. Sempere-Monerris; Oscar Alvarez

    2008-01-01

    This paper explores the importance of heterogeneity in value of time when assessing the viability of a new road infrastructure to alleviate congestion problems. The Spanish government has developed a congestion pricing demonstration entering Madrid city centre, where road users have to choose between a free but highly congested road and a priced free-flowing road. We consider a continuum of users who differ in their value of time. Users dislike congestion and this is more so the more a user v...

  15. Factores de riesgo y eventos cardiovasculares en inmigrantes latinoamericanos adultos en el Distrito Macarena, Sevilla, España: estudio piloto Fatores de risco e eventos cardiovasculares em imigrantes latino americanos adultos no Distrito Macarena, Sevilla, Espanha: estudo piloto Risk factors and cardiovascular events in adult Latin American immigrants in the Macarena District, Seville, Spain: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Rafael González-López

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Con la finalidad de estimar la prevalencia por autorreporte de factores de riesgo y eventos cardiovasculares en población latinoamericana inmigrante adulta del Distrito 2 (Macarena de Sevilla, se realizó un estudio piloto de investigación descriptiva de corte transversal. Fue utilizado un cuestionario anónimo con autorreporte de factores de riesgo y eventos cardiovasculares. Resultados: participaron 34 personas, (18% de la muestra, media etaria: 31,8 años, residencia media: 6,5 años, mujeres: 52,9%. Prevalencias de factores de riesgo: 8,8% diabetes, 14,7% colesterol elevado y 23,5% hipertensión arterial. Prevalencia de eventos coronarios corresponde a 8,8%: angina de pecho, infarto de miocardio y accidente cerebrovascular: 2,9% para ambos. Se concluye en que la prevalencia de eventos cardiovasculares autorreportados supera la mencionada en la literatura, mereciendo este asunto la atención de los organismos sanitarios. Este dato debe ser tenido en cuenta por enfermería para elaborar planes de cuidados adaptados culturalmente al contexto de este colectivo inmigrante.Este estudo teve como objetivo estimar a prevalência de auto-relato de fatores de risco e eventos cardiovasculares na população latinoamericana imigrante adulta do Distrito 2 (Macarena de Sevilla. Estudo piloto de investigação descritiva de corte transversal, utilizou-se um questionário anônimo com auto-relato de fatores de risco e eventos cardiovasculares. Participaram 34 pessoas, (18% do total da mostra, idade média: 31,8 anos, residência média: 6,5 anos, mulheres: 52.9%. Prevalências de fatores de risco: 8,8% diabetes, 26.5% colesterol elevado e 14,5% hipertensão arterial. Prevalência de eventos coronários é de 8,8%: angina de peito, infarto do miocárdio e acidente cerebrovascular, com 2,9% cada um. A conclusão é que a auto-relatada prevalência de eventos cardiovasculares é maior do que a literatura, esta questão merece a atenção de agências de sa

  16. Programas de continuidad de cuidados: el ejemplo del distrito de Chamartín de Madrid Continuity of care programs: the example of Madrid Chamartin district

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    Ana González Rodríguez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el programa de continuidad de cuidados del Centro de Salud Mental de Chamartín en Madrid, para ilustrar con una experiencia fuera del ámbito anglosajón donde surgen estos programas, la teoría expuesta en la primera parte acerca del surgimiento, desarrollo y filosofía de los programas de continuidad de cuidados. Se describen los recursos sanitarios, sociales y personales de los que dispone la población a la que va dirigido y la forma de intervención, con el tipo de actuaciones que se realizan. Por último, se señalan algunos riesgos en el desarrollo y mantenimiento de los programas de continuidad de cuidados.The case management program of Chamartin Mental Health Center in Madrid is presented to illustrate with an experience outside the Anglo-Saxon context, where such programs arise, the theory advanced in the first part about the emergence, development and philosophy of continuity of care programs. Finally, some risks in the development and maintenance of continuity of care programs are pointed out. The health, social and staff resources are described, and also the population to be targeted, the form of intervention and the type of actions that are performed. Finally, we point out some risks in the development and maintenance of continuity of care programs.

  17. Social and political attitudes in the recovery of historical memory. Galicia: the inter-university research project “Names and Voices” | Actitudes sociales y políticas en la denominada recuperación de la memoria histórica. Galicia: el proyecto de investigación interuniversitario «Nomes e Voces»

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    Lourenzo Fernández Prieto

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper begins with an introduction to the social and political attitudes associated with the process of recovery of historical memory, with the aim of presenting the objectives and some results of the “Names and Voices” research project which has been conducted in Galicia since 2005. The social inclination to forget the past, which was a characteristic of the transition to democracy, has slackened since the mid-1990s, although it is yet to be replaced by a new attitude. We trace the trend towards a new appraisal of an uncomfortable past in the literature and films of the last few decades, and seek to define the phases of recovery of the hidden memory of the vanquished between 1975 and the present. We examine the evolution of public policies regarding historical memory in Galicia and explain the current process of compilation of information in order to construct a history of the violence associated with the coup d’état in Galicia. We then present some relevant data from the sources consulted. The when, how and who of the victims enables us to put forward some hypotheses regarding the reasons for eliminating the political opposition upon which the Franco dictatorship was founded. The violence and above all the murders constituted a form of terror whose aim was to impose and guarantee the success of the military coup. However, the physical elimination of political rivals, their persecution and extermination, were a means of solving political conflict characteristic of the European fascist regimes of the period. | Este trabajo comienza con una aproximación a las actitudes sociales y políticas vinculadas al proceso de recuperación de la memoria histórica con objeto de presentar los objetivos y algunos resultados del proyecto de investigación «Nomes y Voces» desarrollado en Galicia desde 2005. La vocación social de olvido que caracterizó la Transición de la dictadura a la democracia se ha debilitado desde mediados de la década de

  18. El «Teatro Francés» de Madrid (1851-1861

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    Ojeda, Pedro

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to analize the French plays staged by French troupes in Madrid between 1851 and 1861 and the repercussion it had on the Spanish theater of that time. During these nine seasons theater-lovers had the opportunity to see nearly 400 French works in their original version, the titles of which are to be found in an appendix to this study. The works can be catalogued in a variety of subgenres —comedies, dramas, operas, operettas, etc.—, but Madrid theater-goers preferred vaudeville.El objetivo de este trabajo es el análisis del teatro francés representado por compañías francesas en Madrid en la década de 1851 a 1861 y las repercusiones que tuvo para el mundo teatral de la época. En este período, durante nueve temporadas, los aficionados al teatro pudieron presenciar la puesta en escena de cerca de cuatrocientos textos dramáticos en francés, cuyos títulos se ofrecen en un apéndice. Aunque se ejecutaron comedias, dramas, óperas, operetas y otras modalidades, el género preferido fue el vaudeville.

  19. Soil characterization and vulnerability indices of the Autonomous region of Madrid. Scale 1:200.000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schmid, T.; Millan, R.; Lago, C; Trueba, C.

    2000-01-01

    Radioactive contamination of the soil due to a nuclear accident is a risk for the population. A research project, within the program of Radiological Protection by Intervention in CIEMAT, has been developed to study the behaviour of radionuclides in soils. An evaluation of the radiological vulnerability considering the external irradiation and the food chain pathway for caesium and strontium has been determined using partial and global indices, which indicate the potential transfer of the radionuclides via the two mentioned pathways. A detailed study of the soils found in the Autonomous Region of Madrid was carried out with data from individual soil profiles and combining data obtained from maps with a Geographic Information System in order to obtain a spatial distribution of the results. The soil vulnerability for the external irradiation pathway of caesium and strontium is in general found to be higher in more developed soils located in the south and leading to the foothills of the Sierra of Madrid in the north. The vulnerability for the food chain pathway is found to be higher in the less developed soils in acid conditions situated in the Sierra of Madrid. (Author) 11 refs

  20. La ampliación del Metro en la periferia de Madrid (1999-2011

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    Miguel Á Alonso-Neira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available El crecimiento de población y empleo en la metrópoli de Madrid implica un aumento de la movilidad y de su complejidad. Este trabajo analiza cómo influye esta situación en el planeamiento de los transportes públicos del gobierno de Madrid, cuyo principal esfuerzo inversor se ha centrado desde 1999 en la ampliación de la red de Metro hacia los municipios que rodean la ciudad. El análisis de la eficiencia de estas ampliaciones ofrece los siguientes resultados: i el menor coste de la inversión de metro ligero ha permitido reducir los problemas financieros de los gobiernos madrileños; y ii la demanda por los nuevos servicios de transporte aumenta durante los primeros años, aunque desciende posteriormente. Estas conclusiones sugieren la complejidad de las decisiones económicas y políticas de estas ampliaciones, adaptadas a la evolución policéntrica y dispersa de Madrid.

  1. [Comparative study of habits in students before and during the university in northwest area of Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iglesias López, María Teresa; Cuesta Santa Teresa, Elvira; Sáez Crespo, Antonio

    2014-11-12

    In most Western countries young people adopt lifestyles that adversely affect their health, thus increasing the risk of premature onset of chronic diseases. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare patterns of habits in pre-university and university students in west-central area of Madrid. Descriptive longitudinal study with randomly selected students from Madrid in Madrid universities and schools-institutes. Accepting to participate 1590 students of both sex: 653 males (4,1%) and 937 women (58,9%). To facilitate the study were classified into ≤ 17 years (pre university) and ≥ 18 years (university). BMI, physical activity, alcohol consumption and negative habits with regard to food consumption was studied. Almost 80% have normal weight, are more active pre-university. Gender differences were observed, which should guide the actions of intervention in terms of physical activity or habits. It seems essential to make nutritional programs as well as psychosocial intervention in adolescents and youth to prevent and / or reduce alcohol consumption. Copyright AULA MEDICA EDICIONES 2014. Published by AULA MEDICA. All rights reserved.

  2. The current situation of adapted physical activity for persons with disabilities in the region of Madrid

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    Javier Pinilla Arbex

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the state of the art of adapted physical activity for persons with disabilities in the region of Madrid. To meet this goal, official demographic data and indicators of participation in physical activity programs from 2014 were analyzed. Results indicated a population of 307.880 persons with disability (4.7 % of the entire population. The largest population group among the persons with disabilities is composed by persons with a physical disability. Less than 2.53 % of the population with disability practiced a competitive sport and 21.49 % of persons with disabilities living in Madrid were holders of the “Special Card” that provided them with free access to all public sport facilities. However, no indicator was found related with the participation of the population with disabilities on leisure or health physical activities in the region of Madrid. These results suggest that there is a need for improving monitoring through official indicators and to establish further actions that responds to the analyzed demographic profile.

  3. Hepatitis B virus infection and vaccine-induced immunity in Madrid (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedraza-Flechas, Ana María; García-Comas, Luis; Ordobás-Gavín, María; Sanz-Moreno, Juan Carlos; Ramos-Blázquez, Belén; Astray-Mochales, Jenaro; Moreno-Guillén, Santiago

    2014-01-01

    To estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and vaccine-induced immunity in the region of Madrid, and to analyze their evolution over time. An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study was carried out in the population aged 16-80 years between 2008 and 2009. This was the last of four seroprevalence surveys in the region of Madrid. The prevalence of HBV infection and vaccine-induced immunity was estimated using multivariate logistic models and were compared with the prevalences in the 1989, 1993 and 1999 surveys. In the population aged 16-80 years, the prevalence of HBV infection was 11.0% (95% CI: 9.8-12.3) and that of chronic infection was 0.7% (95% CI: 0.5-1.1). The prevalence of vaccine-induced immunity in the population aged 16-20 years was 73.0% (95% CI: 70.0-76.0). Compared with previous surveys, there was a decrease in the prevalence of HBV infection. Based on the prevalence of chronic infection (<1%), Madrid is a region with low HBV endemicity. Preventive strategies against HBV should especially target the immigrant population. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Espana.

  4. Aprendiendo a ser mujer en la España del siglo XX: una mirada desde el Museo Pedagógico de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación de la Universidad de Sevilla. // Learning to be a woman in the twentieth century Spain: a look from the Pedagogical Museum of the Faculty of Education at the University of Sevilla

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    María José Rebollo Espinosa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available (ES La experiencia reseñada fue una iniciativa del Museo Pedagógico de la Facultad de CC. De la Educación de la Universidad de Sevilla, financiada por la Unidad de Igualdad de dicha Universidad e incluida en el programa de actividades didácticas que éste viene desarrollando desde sus inicios. Pensada para un variado público, su objetivo principal ha sido dar a conocer, de forma atractiva y reflexiva, la historia de la educación de las mujeres españolas del siglo XX, desde una perspectiva no victimista. El formato elegido fue el de una muestra expositiva combinada con un ciclo de conferencias, y rematada con una evaluación participativa y experiencial, lo que le proporcionó una mayor efectividad formativa. Su éxito ha asegurado la continuidad del proyecto para el curso próximo. // (EN The experience was an initiative outlined the Pedagogical Museum of the Faculty of Educational Sciences of the University of Seville, funded by the Equality Unit of the University and included in the program of educational activities it has developed since its inception. Designed for a diverse audience, its main aim has been to publicize, attractive and thoughtful way, the history of education of Spanish women of the twentieth century, from a non- victimization perspective. The format chosen was that of an exhibition shows combined with a series of lectures, and topped with a participatory and experiential evaluation, which provided increased training effectiveness. Its success has ensured the continuity of the project for next year.

  5. «Un esclavo que se llama Antonio»: venta de dos esclavos asiáticos en Galicia a inicios del siglo XVII

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    Ménard, Caroline

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Slavery has existed in the Iberian Peninsula since the Antiquity and up to the Modern Era - and moreover, it was not restricted to the submission of people coming from Africa. This paper will look at the sale of two slaves originally from Asia, Antonio and Domingo, in 1603 in the port of Vigo - it will explore their journey, the role of the Carreira da India Portuguese mariners as sailors, their origin and sale price. Antonio and Domingo might represent a minority compared to all the slaves living at that time in Galicia, but their difference is a rich illustration of the process as it was then working.

    La esclavitud era conocida en la Península Ibérica desde la Antigüedad y durante la Época Moderna y no se limitó a la sumisión de personas de origen africana. Este artículo trata de la venta de dos esclavos de origen asiático, Antonio y Domingo, en el puerto de Vigo en 1603; en él se analiza la ruta emprendida por éstos, el papel desempeñado por los marineros portugueses de la Carreira da India como vendedores, así como su origen y precio. Antonio y Domingo representan una minoria dentro del conjunto de los esclavos viviendo en ese momento en Galicia, pero su presencia es un ejemplo ilustrativo de la dinámica vigente en la época. [gl] A escravitude era coñecida na Península Ibérica dende a Antigüidade e durante a Época Moderna e non se limitou a sumisión de persoas de orixe africana. Este artigo trata da venda de dous escravos de orixe asiática, Antonio e Domingo, no porto de Vigo no 1603. No artigo analízase a ruta realizada por estes e a súa orixe e prezo, así como o papel xogado polos mariñeiros portugueses na Carreira da India como vendedores. Antonio y Domingo representan unha corrente minoritaria dentro do conxunto dos escravos que viven en Galicia nesta época, mais a sua presencia é un bon exemplo da dinamica vivida nesta época.

  6. La imagen turística de Galicia. El uso de la marca Galicia por primera vez en la publicidad de la institución autonómica: estudio comparado del anuncio para televisión 2006-2011

    OpenAIRE

    Alfeirán Varela, Óscar

    2012-01-01

    Desde la asunción de las competencias de turismo por parte del gobierno gallego a mediados de la década de los 80 del siglo pasado, la comunicación turística de Galicia ha tenido dos momentos importantes. El primero ha sido la primera campaña publicitaria emitida en los medios nacionales en 2006, que ha permitido llegar a todos los españoles. El segundo ha sido el uso de la marca territorio como herramienta principal en la estrategia de promoción y su presentación en la últi...

  7. Gestión municipal de plagas urbanas. El caso de Madrid Urban pest management. A Madrid case study Gestão municipal das pragas urbanas. O caso de Madrid

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    José María Cámara Vicario

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La gestión de avisos por plagas es un componente habitual de los programas de control de plagas en una ciudad por lo que los gestores municipales de estas actividades normalmente desarrollan procedimientos para la captación, la atención y la explotación de los datos resultantes, lo que ayuda con otras actuaciones en paralelo, a mejorar la calidad de la Salud Pública.El estudio que aquí presentamos aborda la metodología diseñada y puesta en funcionamiento por el Ayuntamiento de Madrid para controlar y gestionar la presencia de plagas en la ciudad. La larga experiencia (más de 100 años del Ayuntamiento y su apuesta por la incorporación de tecnologías novedosas en el control y gestión de plagas, ha permitido extraer una serie de lecciones aprendidas que pretende servir de guía y modelo para ciudades en donde los servicios de salud pública no hayan aun incorporado estos métodos.Citizens’ reports of sightings of undesirable animals are a common component of pest control programmes in a city. For this reason, local authorities tend to develop procedures for the capture and analysis of the resulting data sets based on these reported sightings. These procedures in turn contribute to the development of other initiatives aimed at improving public health conditions. The study presented here focuses on the methodology designed and implemented by the Madrid City Council for controlling and managing the presence of urban pests.The long experience (over 100 years of the City Council and its commitment to the incorporation of new technologies have allowed a number of important lessons to be learnt in pest control and management, which may be useful as a guide and model for cities where public health services have not yet incorporated these methods.Os anúncios para a gestão de pragas é um componente comum nos programas de controlo de pragas nas cidades, por isso, os gestores municipais dessas atividades costumam desenvolver procedimentos

  8. La difusión e interpretación del Patrimonio cultural e histórico-educativo como tema de estudio en el Centro de Formación Permanente de la Universidad de Sevilla

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    Pablo Álvarez Domínguez

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available (ES Recoge este texto el resultado de una experiencia educativa organizada por el Museo Pedagógico Andaluz y desarrollada el pasado mes de mayo de 2010 en el Centro de Formación Permanente de la Universidad de Sevilla, con la finalidad de propiciar una reflexión teórico-práctica ligada a las nuevas posibilidades didácticas y de difusión del patrimonio cultural e histórico-educativo que se pueden desplegar en el ámbito museístico, con el fin de facilitar su estudio, comprensión y valoración.

  9. Innovació docent: gestió i desenvolupament d’activitats extracurriculars en l’àrea de la conservació-restauració de pintura mural. Capella de San Andrés (Sevilla-Espanya

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    Beatriz Prado-Campos

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓ. Aquest article descriu una experiència pràctica d’innovació docent duta a terme en el grau universitari de Conservació i Restauració de Béns Culturals de la Universitat de Sevilla. MÈTODE. Les pràctiques acadèmiques descrites tenien com a objectiu fonamental contribuir activament a la formació dels alumnes i aportar-los una experiència pràctica professional real en traslladar-los del seu àmbit habitual, l’aula, a un entorn professional. RESULTATS. L’aplicació de la metodologia específica de conservació-restauració en projectes d’intervenció de pintura mural, concretament a la cúpula de l’església de San Andrés (Sevilla, va permetre que l’alumnat prengués contacte amb una realitat professional concreta, on el gran format de les pintures murals i l’aplicació de les mesures de seguretat laboral van tenir com a resultat la millora les seves destreses i habilitats pel que fa als processos propis de la seva professió. A més, va suposar una experiència d’interès per a la seva inserció laboral. DISCUSSIÓ. Es demostra, amb això, que utilitzant els recursos didàctics apropiats en el procés d’ensenyament i aprenentatge es pot ampliar la qualitat de la docència.

  10. Una Aproximación Histórica a la Gestión de la Calidad: El Caso de la Real Fábrica de Tabacos de Sevilla

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    Fernando Gutiérrez Hidalgo

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available La influencia que ejerce la calidad sobre los sistemas de control de gestión es un aspecto poco estudiado desde una perspectiva histórica. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar este aspecto de la gestión para el caso de la Real Fábrica de Tabacos de Sevilla (RFTS durante la segunda mitad del siglo XVIII a partir de la información obtenida del Archivo Histórico Nacional y del Archivo de la Fábrica de Tabacos de Sevilla. Se señalará la importancia del control disciplinario de la calidad de los productos y procesos productivos. El trabajo pone de manifiesto que, al menos en parte, es posible explicar la contabilidad de la RFTS en los términos definidos por el enfoque foucaultiano. Palabras clave: contabilidad, calidad, fábrica, Foucault.ABSTRACTThe influence of quality assurance in management control systems is an aspect that has not been studied in detail from a historical perspective. The objective of this study is to analyze the management of quality using the case of the Royal Tobacco Factory of Seville, during the second half of the 18th century, drawing on information from National Historical Archive and the Archives of the Tobacco Factory of Seville. A notable feature is the importance of the disciplinary system as a mechanism to improve the quality of products and production processes. The aim of the work is to show that, at least partially it is possible to explain the accounting of the RFTS based on the foucaultian perspective.

  11. Classification of cultivated mussels from Galicia (Northwest Spain) with European Protected Designation of Origin using trace element fingerprint and chemometric analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Costas-Rodriguez, M.; Lavilla, I.; Bendicho, C.

    2010-01-01

    Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in combination with different supervised chemometric approaches has been used to classify cultivated mussels in Galicia (Northwest of Spain) under the European Protected Designation of Origin (PDO). 158 mussel samples, collected in the five rias on the basis of the production, along with minor and trace elements, including high field strength elements (HFSEs) and rare earth elements (REEs), were used with this aim. The classification of samples was achieved according to their origin: Galician vs. other regions (from Tarragona, Spain, and Ethang de Thau, France) and between the Galician Rias. The ability of linear discriminant analysis (LDA), soft independent modelling of class analogy (SIMCA) and artificial neural network (ANN) to classify the samples was investigated. Correct assignations for Galician and non-Galician samples were obtained when LDA and SIMCA were used. ANNs were more effective when a classification according to the ria of origin was to be applied.

  12. Periodismo de prevención en Galicia : el concepto de comunicación útil en la prensa diaria de ámbito local

    OpenAIRE

    Alende Castro, Silvia

    2015-01-01

    La presente tesis doctoral, la primera elaborada en Galicia sobre el Periodismo de Prevención (PdP), presenta dos tipos de contribuciones científicas. La primera se deriva precisamente de la ausencia de investigación respecto de esta corriente periodística basada en la difusión de datos que permitan al ciudadano una mejor gestión de riesgos. Así, en esta aportación -que responde a un carácter teórico y está fundamentada en la Teoría de la Acción Social como método de aproximación a lo cotidia...

  13. Chromium in marine sediment samples from the Ria de Arousa (Galicia, NW of Spain): analysis of the total content in slurries by ETAAS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pazos-Capeans, P.; Barciela-Alonso, M.C.; Bermejo-Barrera, A.; Bermejo-Barrera, P.

    2004-01-01

    The study attempts to measure the total chromium content in sediments of all the Ria de Arousa (Galicia, NW Spain). The method was developed by analysing slurries by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. The metal determination was carried out optimising the electrothermal programme and the concentration of magnesium nitrate as a chemical modifier. What was aimed to be achieved is a general explanation of the chromium content along the estuary because there could be a chromium sink in this marine environment. Results obtained were between 43.4±1.7 μg g -1 and 184.6±26.9 μg g -1 from the end of the Ulla river to the Atlantic Ocean, most of them higher than the background reference levels

  14. Chromium in marine sediment samples from the Ria de Arousa (Galicia, NW of Spain): analysis of the total content in slurries by ETAAS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pazos-Capeans, P.; Barciela-Alonso, M.C.; Bermejo-Barrera, A.; Bermejo-Barrera, P

    2004-10-25

    The study attempts to measure the total chromium content in sediments of all the Ria de Arousa (Galicia, NW Spain). The method was developed by analysing slurries by electrothermal atomic absorption spectrometry. The metal determination was carried out optimising the electrothermal programme and the concentration of magnesium nitrate as a chemical modifier. What was aimed to be achieved is a general explanation of the chromium content along the estuary because there could be a chromium sink in this marine environment. Results obtained were between 43.4{+-}1.7 {mu}g g{sup -1} and 184.6{+-}26.9 {mu}g g{sup -1} from the end of the Ulla river to the Atlantic Ocean, most of them higher than the background reference levels.

  15. Life Cycle Analysis of a Geothermal Heatpump Installation and Comparison with a Conventional Fuel Boiler System in a Nursery School in Galicia (Spain

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    Castro M.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Within the work lines in sustainable energy field of the EnergyLab Technology Centre (Vigo, Spain, associated with the technologies that are under investigation by this centre, it is developed a study about the Life Cycle Analysis (hereinafter, LCA over a geothermal heatpump (hereafter, GSHP installation in a nursery school in the province of Pontevedra (Galicia, Spain, and its comparison with the fuel boiler system prior to GHP. Thus, with the use of computer tools and following specific rules about the calculation of LCA, assessing the environmental impact of each system, and perform the appropriate comparison in order to quantify the savings emissions and the improvement in sustainability related to the replacement of diesel boiler system by the GSHP system.

  16. Principales hitos en la trayectoria de la industria transformadora de la madera en la economía de Galicia (España

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    Ángel Miramontes Carballada

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resulta innegable que la actividad industrial sigue siendo un sector básico en el funcionamiento económico de muchos territorios. Pero las estrategias espaciales de las empresas no son estables sino que se han modificado, buscando rentabilizar sus beneficios, afectando estos procesos a la situación de los territorios donde se localizan. Este trabajo se centra en revisar la significación de estos procesos dentro de un sector industrial tradicional, la industria transformadora de la madera y, dentro de un territorio concreto, Galicia, poseedor de materia prima y que desde siempre ha aprovechado el recurso, primero, como actividad artesanal y, más tarde, como un sector fabril, buscando siempre adaptarse a las nuevas estrategias empresariales. En este trabajo se observa como su pasado y su presente se adaptan a cambios en las posibles estrategias de funcionamiento de las actividades transformadoras y como se traduce todo esto en el territorio gallego.

  17. EL TURISMO ACADÉMICO EN GALICIA: OTRA FORMA DE CONTRIBUCIÓN DE LAS UNIVERSIDADES A LAS ECONOMÍAS LOCALES

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    Fidel Martínez Roget

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Las estancias temporales de estudiantes en instituciones de educación superior, fuera de sus lugares de residencia habitual, pueden ser consideradas como turismo académico. Impul- sada por diferentes programas de intercambio esta nueva tipología de turismo ha experimen- tado un crecimiento muy importante en los últimos años. Paralelamente a este desarrollo, parece interesante conocer las repercusiones económicas generadas en las zonas receptoras por esta movilidad estudiantil, en la que desempeñan un papel clave las universidades. En este estudio se ha partido del gasto realizado por los estudiantes internacionales durante el curso 2007/2008, para cuantificar el impacto económico generado por el turismo académico en Galicia.

  18. «Mámoa 87 de Serra Faladora» : un túmulo megalítico del Norte de Galicia

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    Ramón Fábregas Valcarce

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available The outstanding work of survey and digging accomplished by the late F. Maciñeira ¡n the first decades of the present century was unfortunately not continuad until recent years, when new excavations with a modern methodology, together with a reappraisal of the materials recovered by IViaciñeira are throwing new light to the characteristics of the megalithic burial in the far North of Galicia. In this paper we are dealing with the analysis of the artefacts found in the mound 87th of Serra Faladora, which in spite of its ruinous condition at the time of Maciñeira's discovery might be possibly ciassified under the iabel of passage grave, though with some remarkable features like the extreme eccentricity of the chamber and the presence of a pit dug into the bedrock under the mound and filled with stones and earth with traces of fire (fig. 2A. The material items found in the disturbed chamber are very much in agreement with the typical set of Galician megalithic grave goods: ground stone axes, flint blades and pottery with simple forms and no decoration (figs. 3-6. However, the mound 87th detaches itself from the local pattern because of the number and variety of goods which is larger than usual. At the same time, other features, like the absence of arrowheads, are in full agreement with the pattern in the northern área of Galicia. In all, the mound 87th seems to reflect, with some local traits, the spread of more elabórate forms of megalithic burial in vast áreas of the Northwest of the Iberian penisula around the middie of the 3"^ millenium b.C.

  19. Análisis y recuperación de un paisaje urbano fortificado en la villa de Verín (Orense, Galicia

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    Blanco-Rotea, Rebeca

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The town of Verín is situated in south-eastern Galicia, very close to the frontier with Portugal and at the feet of Monterrei Castle. During the Portuguese War of Restoration (1640-1668, because of its position, it was an important defensive enclave related to the defence of Monterrei Castle and the road leading from Portugal towards the province of Ourense from Chaves. The fortified outline is hidden by the sale of the land on which the modern walls stood in the middle of the 19th century and the large-scale urban development of the second half of the 20th century. The aim of this work is to know what role Verín played during these periods and its transformations since the Late Middle Ages.La villa de Verín se localiza en el SE de Galicia, muy próxima a la frontera de Portugal y a los pies del castillo de Monterrei. Durante la Guerra de la Restauración Portuguesa (1640-1668 su localización la convierte en un importante enclave defensivo relacionado con la protección del castillo de Monterrei y el paso desde Portugal hacia la provincia de Ourense desde Chaves. La venta de los terrenos de la muralla moderna a mediados del siglo XIX y la fuerte transformación urbanística que sufre en la segunda mitad del siglo XX, enmascaran su trazado fortificado. A través de los trabajos que aquí se presentan se pretende recuperar el papel que la villa jugó en aquel periodo y las transformaciones que Verín ha ido sufriendo desde época bajomedieval.

  20. Los Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera asociados con agallas de Cinípidos (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae en la Comunidad de Madrid

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    Gómez, J. F.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Information about the chalcid wasp parasitoid community (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea associated with galls of Cynipidae in Madrid (Spain is compiled and updated. Studied material includes more than 1000 published and unpublished records from samplings in 80 sites in the Madrid region carried out over twenty three years by the research team. A check-list of 121 species, 19 of them provisionally identified, from 6 families of Chalcidoidea is provided as follows: 26 Eurytomidae, 27 Torymidae, 9 Ormyridae, 33 Pteromalidae, 9 Eupelmidae and 17 Eulophidae. Ormyrus rufimanus Mayr, 1904 and Idiomacromerus semiaeneus (Szelenyi, 1957 are recorded for the first time in the Iberian Peninsula. For each family and genus of Chalcidoidea data are given on biology, diversity and distribution in Comunidad de Madrid. The composition of the chalcid wasp parasitoid community associated with gall wasps in Comunidad de Madrid is discussed and compared to the same community data from the Iberian Peninsula and the Western Palaearctic. Species from the Iberian community of chalcid parasitoids that are missing from Madrid region, exclusive species and potentially present species are also commented upon. Finally two appendices are presented as follows: a list of the Chalcidoidea species reared from 73 different galls made by 71 cynipid species from Madrid with associated parasitoid records, and a final appendix with full record data of all studied material, including information on the sampling localities with X, Y georeferenced coordinates, host galls and host plants.

    Se compila y actualiza la información existente sobre la comunidad parasitoide de Chalcidoidea, asociada a agallas de cinípidos (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae en la Comunidad de Madrid. Los datos corresponden a más de 1000 registros, tanto de datos publicados, como inéditos, correspondientes a colectas en 80 localidades de Madrid efectuadas por el equipo investigador a lo largo de 23 a

  1. Neutrons field in the neutronic measurements room of the Polytechnic University of Madrid; Campo de neutrones en la sala de medidas neutronicas de la Universidad Politecnica de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vega C, H. R. [Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas, Unidad Academica de Estudios Nucleares, Calle Cipres No. 10, Fracc. La Penuela, 98068 Zacatecas (Mexico); Gallego, E.; Lorente, A.; Rubio O, I. P., E-mail: hrvegacarrillo@yahoo.com.m [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Departamento de Ingenieria Nuclear, C/Jose Gutierrez Abascal No. 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2010-09-15

    Through of measurements and calculations of a Monte Carlo series has been characterized the neutronic field of the neutronic measurements room of Nuclear Engineering Department of the Polytechnic University of Madrid. The measurements were realized with the Bonner Spheres Spectrometer that allowed establish the spectra on the new stainless steel panel and at different distances measured regarding the source. The values of the speed of environmental equivalent dose were measured with an area monitor Bert hold Lb 6411. Through of Monte Carlo methods was built a detailed model of the room with the panel and the spectra were calculated and, with these the values of the environmental equivalent dose were obtained using the conversion coefficients of the ICRP 74 and the Bert hold Lb 6411 response. The calculated values were compared with those measured and was consistency among the results. (Author)

  2. Deficiencies of the technical code of the construction (CTE) in relation to the climatologic data bases that use. Analysis realised for Galicia; Deficiencias del codigo tecnico de la edificacion (CTE) en relacion a las bases de datos climatologicas que utiliza. Analisis realizado para Galicia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vazquez, M.; Izquierdo, P.; Santos, J.

    2008-07-01

    A series of deficiencies of the spanish Technical Building Code (TBC) are showed up, that are observed when trying to apply it to the geographical area of Galicia, and that, to a large extent, have their origin in the old and deficient climate data base in which it is based. In general, the TBC suffers from ambiguity and imprecision in the numerical values that it provides for the different variables and parameters, and shows incoherencies in the assignment of the solar radiation climatic zones and inaccuracies in the graphs of losses of solar radiation caused by the orientation and slope of the plane, and in the tables of losses of solar radiation caused by shadows. It is rough in the assignment of the zones of climatic severity, and establishes disproportionate criteria of temperature extrapolation which, in addition, originate values out of range in the calculation of the relative humidities. The consequences of this fault of the CTE are especially serious when applying the energy-saving requirements HE 1, HE 4 and HE 5 to Galicia. (Author)

  3. Biomonitoring of exposure to environmental pollutants in newborns and their parents in Madrid, Spain (BioMadrid: study design and field work results Biomonitorización de la exposición a contaminantes ambientales en recién nacidos y sus progenitores en Madrid (BioMadrid: diseño del estudio y resultados del trabajo de campo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuria Aragonés

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available In Spain environmental surveillance has mainly relied on measures of selected pollutants in air, water, food and soil. A study was conducted in Madrid to assess the feasibility of implementing a surveillance system of exposure among the general population to specific environmental pollutants, using bio-markers. The project was basically focused on the environment surrounding newborns. Hence, the study population was made up of 145 triplets of pregnant women at around 8 months' gestation, their partners, and newborns from two areas, representing the two main types of urban environments in the region, i.e., the City of Madrid and its outlying metropolitan belt. Multiple biologic substrates were collected from each participant in order to assess the most suitable samples for an environmental surveillance system. The selected contaminants represent the main agents to which a population like that of Madrid is exposed every day, including certain heavy metals, persistent organic pollutants and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, as well as micronuclei in peripheral blood, a commonly used unspecific index of cytogenetic damage. In addition, passive air samplers were placed around subjects' place of residence. This paper reports in detail on the design and response rates, summarizes field work results, and discusses some lessons learned.En España, la vigilancia medioambiental se basa principalmente en medidas de ciertos contaminantes en muestras de aire, agua, alimentos y suelos. En Madrid se ha realizado un estudio para valorar la posibilidad de poner en marcha un sistema de vigilancia de exposiciones a contaminantes ambientales en la población general utilizando biomarcadores. El proyecto ha tenido como eje el estudio del entorno de los recién nacidos. Por tanto, la población de estudio la constituyen 145 «tríos» formados por mujeres en su octavo mes de embarazo, sus parejas y los recién nacidos de dos áreas geográficas, que representan los

  4. Edificio del Ilustre Colegio de Registradores de la Propiedad, en Madrid, España

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    Azpiazu Ordóñez, J. R.

    1966-05-01

    Full Text Available This building has a basement, ground floor, seven additional floors, and an attic. The basement is occupied by the heating and air conditioning installations, the electricity meters the archive of the registrars, and houses for the doorman and porter. On the ground floor there is an information and doorman's booth, a map of Spain with the zones covered by each registrar, the hall, lifts, stairs, whilst the rest of the floor is devoted to commercial activities. The first floor belongs to the Registrars' College, and the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th floors have been allocated to the offices of all the property registrars of Madrid. The 7th floor and the attic are offices, to be let to outsiders.El edificio consta de: sótano, planta baja, siete plantas de altura, y planta de ático. El sótano alberga los servicios de: calefacción y refrigeración, cuarto de contadores, archivo de legajos de Registros, viviendas del portero y conserje, etc. En la planta baja se encuentran: la cabina de información y estancia del portero, el mapa de Madrid con la demarcación de Registros, el hall de ascensores y escalera, etc.; el resto de la planta está ocupado por eventuales locales comerciales. La planta primera está destinada a sede del Ilustre Colegio de Registradores de la Propiedad; las plantas segunda, tercera, cuarta, quinta y sexta se han reservado para instalar todos los Registros de Madrid; y las plantas séptima y de ático se han destinado para oficinas de alquiler.

  5. Adherence to nutritional recommendations in vending machines at secondary schools in Madrid (Spain), 2014-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monroy-Parada, Doris Xiomara; Jácome-González, María Luisa; Moya-Geromini, María Ángeles; Rodríguez-Artalejo, Fernando; Royo-Bordonada, Miguel Ángel

    2017-07-13

    To describe the nutritional content of products offered in food and drink vending machines at secondary schools in the Madrid Autonomous Community (Spain), and to evaluate these items' adherence to the nutritional recommendations of the National Health System Consensus Document on School Food. Cross-sectional study of a sample of 330 secondary schools in Madrid across the period 2014-2015. Secondary school vending machines were identified by telephone interview. The products offered in a representative sample of six machines were identified by inspection in situ, and their nutritional composition was obtained from the labelling. A total of 94.5% of the 55 products on offer failed to comply with at least one nutritional criterion of the Consensus Document on School Food. The recommendation relating to sugar content registered the highest level of non-compliance, with 52.7% of products, followed by the recommendations relating to energy (47.3%) and fats (45.5%). The mean number of unmet criteria was 2.2, with this figure being higher in foods than in drinks (2.8 versus 1; p <0.01). Almost all the products on display in secondary school vending machines in Madrid were in breach of the Consensus Document on School Food, mainly due to an excess of calories, sugars and fats. Compulsory nutritional criteria and a procedure for monitoring adherence should be established, specifying those responsible for performing this task and the corrective measures to be applied in the event of non-compliance. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  6. [Spatial analysis of syphilis and gonorrhea infections in a Public Health Service in Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijers, Irene G M; Sánchez Gómez, Amaya; Taveira Jiménez, Jose Antonio

    2017-06-21

    Sexually transmitted diseases are a significant public health problem. Within the Madrid Autonomous Region, the districts with the highest syphilis and gonorrhea incidences are part of the same Public Health Service (Servicio de Salud Pública del Área 7, SSPA 7). The objective of this study was to identify, by spatial analysis, clusters of syphilis and gonorrhea infections in this SSPA in Madrid. All confirmed syphilis and gonorrhea cases registered in SSPA 7 in Madrid were selected. Moran's I was calculated in order to identify the existence of spatial autocorrelation and a cluster analysis was performed. Clusters and cumulative incidences (CI) per health zone were mapped. The district with most cases was Centro (CI: 67.5 and 160.7 per 100.000 inhabitants for syphilis and gonorrhea, respectively) with the highest CI (120.0 and 322.6 per 100.000 inhabitants) in the Justicia health zone.91.6% of all syphilis cases and 89.6% of gonorrhea cases were among men who have sex with men (MSM). Moran's I was 0.54 and 0.55 (p=0.001) for syphilis and gonorrhea, respectively. For syphilis, a cluster was identified including the six health zones of the Centro district, with a relative risk (RR)of 6.66 (p=0.001). For gonorrhea, a cluster was found including the Centro district, three health zones of the Chamberí district and one of Latina (RR 5.05; p=0.001). Centro was the district with most cases of syphilis and gonorrhea and the most affected population were MSM. For both infections, clusters were found with an important overlap. By identifying the most vulnerable health zones and populations, these results can help to design public health measures for preventing sexually transmitted diseases.

  7. Traffic light – nutrition labelling: knowledge, perception and use in consumers of Madrid, Spain

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    Karimen Andrea León-Flández

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Describe knowledge, comprehension level, perception and use of traffic light labelling in consumers of Madrid.Material and Methods: A two phases, cross-sectional study design, carried out in Madrid, in 2012. Our sample was recruited randomly, and interviewed using a questionnaire designed for this purpose. Consumers of 7 stores of main supermarket chains in Madrid were questioned. Information about knowledge, comprehension, perception and use of traffic light labelling (TLL was collected. Analyses examined the frequency of the variables of interest. Differences were tested using the χ2 test.Results: The response rate was 80.6% (first phase and 97.8% (second phase. Consumers that knew the TLL and understood its color-coding system were 41.4% and 18.6% respectively. From the participants that knew the TLL system, 61.5% thought it was very useful (80% among those >65 years and 90% among those with primary studies; p>0.05. Just 31.4% of consumers habitually used TLL to buy their products (70% among those with primary studies; p=0.04. This percentage was higher in consumers that understood the color-coding system (second phase (66.6%; p<0.01.Conclusions: The level of TLL’s knowledge and comprehension was low. Consumers that know TLL, consider it a useful nutrition instrument. Those who understand, use it habitually to buy their products, especially consumers older than 65 years old and with primary studies. A widespread introduction of this system in Spain might contribute to improve food and eating habits, especially elderly people and less educated.

  8. Evidences of Paleoearthquakes in Palaeolithic settlements within fluvial sequences of the Tagus Basin (Madrid, Central Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Pablo G.; Rodríguez Pascua, M. A.; Pérez López, R.; Giner Robles, J. L.; Roquero, E.; Tapias, F.; López Recio, M.; Rus, I.; Morin, J.

    2010-05-01

    Multiple evidences of soft-sediment to brittle deformation within the Pleistocene fluvial terraces of the Tagus, Jarama, Tajuña and Manzanares river valleys have been described since the middle 20th Century. Cryoturbation, hydroplastic deformations due to underlying karstic collapses or halokinesis on the substratum of neogene gypsums, and seismic shaking have been proposed to interpret these structures. These deformations are typically concentrated in the +18-20 m terrace levels, and closely linked to well-known Palaeolithic sites, in some cases overlaying and/or affecting true prehistoric settlements (i.e. Arganda, Arriaga and Tafesa sites) within the Jarama and Manzanares valleys. The affected settlements typically display acheulian lithic industry linked to the scavenging of large Pleistocene mammals (i.e. Elephas antiquus). Commonly, deformational structures are concentrated in relatively thin horizons (10-50 cm thick) bracketed by undeformed fluvial sands and gravels. The soft-sediment deformations usually consist on medium to fine sized sands injected and protruded in overlaying flood-plain clayey silts, showing a wide variety of convolutes, injections, sand-dikes, dish and pillar structures, mud volcanoes, faults and folds, some times it is possible to undertake their 3D geometrical analysis due to the exceptional conservation of the structures (Tafesa). Recent geo-archaeological prospecting on the for the Palaeolithic Site of Arriaga (South Madrid City) conducted during the year 2009, let to find out an exceptional horizon of deformation of about 1.20 m thick. It consisted on highly disturbed and pervasively liquefacted sands, which hardly can be attributed to no-seismic processes. The acheulian lithic industry of the Madrid Region have been classically attributed the Late Middle Pleistocene (Comunidad de Madrid, AUDEMA S.A. (Proyecto Arriaga-2009). This is a contribution of GQM-AEQUA.

  9. Analysis of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons in particulate matter in Madrid urban area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perez, M.; Mendez, J.; Bomboi, M.T.

    1988-01-01

    Levels of n-alkanes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons have been measured in the air particulate matter during six months, from January to June of 1987, in an urban area of Madrid. The hydrocarbons were collected on glass fiber filters by high volumen sampling. The extraction was carried out by Sohxlet and ultrasonic techniques. The extracts were clean-up on silicagel fractionation and the chromatographic analysis was performed by capillary column gas chromatographic. Final results are discussed as well as the immission values related to the possible emission sources. (Author)

  10. El acceso de los inmigrantes a los servicios sociales en la Comunidad de Madrid

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    Calatrava, Ascensión

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the access of the immigrants to the social services and the use that make of the benefits and basic services, determining its degree of satisfaction on such. For it, the first part presents the policies of integration of the immigrants who are carried out in the Community of Madrid, analyzing itself next the degree of use of the different social services on the part of the groups of more significant immigrants that they reside in the Community of Madrid and distinguishing his use in regard to sex and of age. The third part of the work gathers a series of directed proposals to improve the access of the immigrants to the social services as well as a set of final considerations that can mark the way of future tending investigations that the immigrants and the society of welcome can through the mutual knowledge, to harmonize their perceptions.

    El artículo analiza el acceso de los inmigrantes a los servicios sociales y el uso que hacen de las prestaciones y servicios básicos, determinando su grado de satisfacción sobre los mismos. Para ello, la primera parte presenta las políticas de integración de los inmigrantes que se llevan a cabo en la Comunidad de Madrid, analizándose a continuación el grado de utilización de los distintos servicios sociales por parte de los grupos de inmigrantes más significativos que residen en la Comunidad de Madrid y distinguiéndose su uso en razón de sexo y de edad. La tercera parte del trabajo recoge una serie de propuestas dirigidas a mejorar el acceso de los inmigrantes a los servicios sociales así como un conjunto de consideraciones finales que pueden marcar el camino de futuras investigaciones tendentes a que los inmigrantes y la sociedad de acogida puedan a través del conocimiento mutuo, armonizar sus percepciones.

  11. Primer hallazgo de Micromamíferos de edad turoliense en la Cuenca de Madrid

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    Calvo, J. P.

    1992-08-01

    Full Text Available The Neogene succession cropping out in Mesa de Ocaña (southern Madrid Basin contains a variety of deposits that belong to the so-called Miocene Lower, Intermediate and Upper Units. In this area, the Miocene Upper Unit is formed of terrigenous deposits that grade both laterally and in vertical to palustrine and/or shallow lacustrine carbonate facies. Intercalated with the latter deposits, a large accumulation of fossil micromammal remains has been recognized (Canteras de Iberia mammal site. This site has yielded a fossil mammal association of late Turolian age (MN 13 unit indicative of relatively warm and arid paleoclimatic conditions. The Canteras de Iberia mammal site constitutes the first occurrence of fossil mammals of Turolian age within the Neogene sedimentary record of the Madrid Basin. This occurrence allows to precise the chronostratigraphy of the Miocene Upper Unit of the basin.La Mesa de Ocaña, situada en la parte más meridional de la Cuenca de Madrid, está constituida por una sucesión Neógena dentro de la que se reconocen las Unidades Inferior, Intermedia y Superior del Mioceno de esta cuenca. La Unidad Superior en este área está formada por depósitos detríticos que gradan lateralmente y verticalmente a depósitos carbonáticos de carácter palustre y/o lacustre somero. En estos niveles se ha reconocido la presencia de una importante acumulación de restos de micromamíferos (Yacimiento de Canteras de Iberia que ha suministrado abundantes restos correspondientes a las órdenes Rodentia, Lagomorpha e Insectívora. La asociación faunística obtenida es característica del Turoliense Superior (unidad MN13 y, desde el punto de vista paleocológico, sugiere condiciones climáticas relativamente cálidas y áridas. El yacimiento de Canteras de Iberia constituye el primer yacimiento de edad Turoliense encontrado dentro del registro sedimentario Neógeno de la Cuenca de Madrid permitiendo precisar la edad de la Unidad Superior del

  12. PLAN ESTRATÉGICO DE MOVILIDAD SOSTENIBLE DE LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID 2013-2025

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Palencia, Luis Miguel; Martín Duque, Domingo; Gómez López, Francisco Javier; González García, Dionisio

    2016-01-01

    [ES] En la Comunidad de Madrid se producen diariamente más de 16 millones de viajes de los que, aproximadamente, el 70% se realiza en modos motorizados (vehículos privados y transporte colectivo). A ello cabe sumar una intensa actividad de transporte de mercancías que, en su mayor parte, se realiza por carretera. El sistema de transporte tiene una incidencia directa en el desarrollo económico de la región y en la calidad de vida de sus ciudadanos. Se hace imprescindible el esfuerzo coordinado...

  13. Workshop on New Madrid geodesy and the challenges of understanding intraplate earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Oliver; Calais, Eric; Langbein, John; Magistrale, Harold; Stein, Seth; Zoback, Mark

    2013-01-01

    On March 4, 2011, 26 researchers gathered in Norwood, Massachusetts, for a workshop sponsored by the U.S. Geological Survey and FM Global to discuss geodesy in and around the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ) and its relation to earthquake hazard. The group addressed the challenge of reconciling current geodetic measurements, which show low present-day surface strain rates, with paleoseismic evidence of recent, relatively frequent, major earthquakes in the region. Several researchers were invited by the organizing committee to give overview presentations while all participants were encouraged to present their most recent ideas. The overview presentations appear in this report along with a set of recommendations.

  14. Resonancias de los paradigmas científicos en las arquitecturas de la Escuela de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega Barnuevo, Gonzalo

    2014-01-01

    Los años cincuenta y sesenta son los años de la incorporación definitiva de la arquitectura española al panorama internacional. Entre los arquitectos que protagonizan ese salto sin retorno, se encuentra el grupo de aquellos que unos años más tarde serán denominados por Juan Daniel Fullaondo como Escuela de Madrid. Carlos Flores, en su libro Arquitectura Española Contemporánea 1880-1950, se refiere a esos arquitectos como aquellos que se aplicaban a la difícil tarea de restablecer en España un...

  15. Tridimensional groundwater chemical and isotopic variations as related to the Madrid aquifer flow system

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Uría, A.; Fontes, J. Charles; Herráez, I.; Ramón Llamas, M.; Rubio, P. Luisa

    1985-01-01

    Durante los últimos años se ha publicado un buen número de artículos sobre la Hidrogeología de la cuenca terciaria continental de Madrid. Esos artículos incluyen estudios regionales, modelos digitales de flujo y de transferencia de solutos, estudios hidrogeoquímicos regionales, etc. En este trabajo se resumen los resultados de comparar las variaciones químicas e isotópicas de las aguas subterráneas con las que cabría esperar del modelo de flujo deducido por métodos hidrogeológicos convenciona...

  16. Los Rumiantes (Artiodactyla, Mammalia del Mioceno inferior de La Encinilla (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morales, J.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is a preliminary study of the fossil ruminants found in the Early Miocene site of La Encinilla (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid. The morphological description of dentition and postcranial bones, along with the metrical and comparative study with material from localities of similar age in France and Spain has allowed us to confirm the presence of two Pecoran ruminants in La Encinilla: Andegameryx sp. and a larger species related to Teruelia Moyá-Solá, 1987. Although the identification in one of the cases should be confirmed with more material, the record in the Madrid Bassin would represent new information regarding the known biogeographical distribution of both taxa. The systematic position of Andegameryx and Teruelia is still under discussion, but both forms are clearly distinct from the Cervoidea ruminants found in Europe and the Iberian Peninsula at the same age, such as Amphitragulus, Oriomeryx, Bedenomeryx or Dremotherium.Este trabajo constituye un estudio preliminar de los restos de rumiantes fósiles hallados en el yacimiento del Mioceno inferior de La Encinilla (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid. La descripción morfológica de la dentición y del esqueleto postcraneal, así como el estudio métrico y comparativo con material procedente de localidades francesas y españolas de edad similar ha permitido constatar hasta el momento la presencia de dos formas de rumiantes Pecora en La Encinilla: Andegameryx sp. y un rumiante de mayor talla relacionado con Teruelia Moyá-Solá, 1987. Aunque la identificación en uno de los casos necesitaría confirmarse con más material, la presencia de estas dos formas en la Cuenca de Madrid ampliaría la distribución biogeográfica conocida para ambos taxones. La posición sistemática de Andegameryx y Teruelia permanece abierta a discusión, pero ambos géneros se diferencian de los Cervoidea del Mioceno inferior encontrados en Europa y la Península Ibérica, tales como Amphitragulus, Oriomeryx, Bedenomeryx

  17. IAEA activities in nuclear safety: future perspectives. Spanish Nuclear Safety Council, Madrid, 28 May 1998

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ElBaradei, M.

    1998-01-01

    The document represents the conference given by the Director General of the IAEA at the Spanish Nuclear Safety Council in Madrid, on 28 May 1998, on Agency's activities in nuclear safety. The following aspects are emphasized: Agency's role in creating a legally binding nuclear safety regime, non-binding safety standards, services provided by the Agency to assist its Member States in the Application of safety standards, Agency's nuclear safety strategy, and future perspective concerning safety aspects related to radioactive wastes, residues of past nuclear activities, and security of radiological sources

  18. Shopping centers as attractive spaces for urban mobility. The case of the Community of Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina López García de Leániz

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Malls have become important focal points of trips in the outskirts of major urban conurbations. These trips take place predominantly in private vehicles, this compromising the objectives of sustainable mobility policies set by most of the metropolis. This article aims at characterizing the mobility patterns attracted by shopping malls within the Madrid metropolitan area. It is based on surveys carried out in eleven large commercial centers. Its departing hypothesis underlines that the location of shopping centers largely determines its incoming travel patterns. Therefore, from the standpoint of public policy, solutions should be addressed more from the perspective of urban planning that from the improvement of infrastructure and transport services.

  19. Factores individuales relacionados con la reincidencia delictiva en menores infractores de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Cerón Martínez, Silvia

    2013-01-01

    El presente estudio, tiene como objetivo principal el estudio de la relación entre los factores individuales y la reincidencia delictiva en menores infractores de la Comunidad de Madrid. Participaron 145 adolescentes (114 hombres y 31 mujeres), con edades comprendidas de los 14 a 19 años, que estaban cumpliendo condena en el momento de la investigación en centros de menores de la CAM, por haber cometido algún delito. Entre los principales delitos se encuentran; el robo, maltarato famili...

  20. Arquitectura y música. Policoralidad en la Capilla del Alcázar de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Castaño Perea, Enrique

    2012-01-01

    Esta tesis es un trabajo de investigación que profundiza en la concepción de la música en las capillas reales a lo largo de dos siglos de historia, su percepción y los rituales asociados. La Tesis persigue profundizar en todos los aspectos que relacionan la música y el espacio, así como aquéllos otros aspectos asociados a los diferentes protocolos y a la liturgia, con especial incidencia a la existencia de la policoralidad en la Corte de Madrid y su referencia espacial. El trabajo se...

  1. [Arsenic levels in drinking water supplies from underground sources in the community of Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aragonés Sanz, N; Palacios Diez, M; Avello de Miguel, A; Gómez Rodríguez, P; Martínez Cortés, M; Rodríguez Bernabeu, M J

    2001-01-01

    In 1998, arsenic concentrations of more than 50 micrograms/l were detected in some drinking water supplies from underground sources in the Autonomous Community of Madrid, which is the maximum permissible concentration for drinking water in Spain. These two facts have meant the getting under way of a specific plan for monitoring arsenic in the drinking water in the Autonomous Community of Madrid. The results of the first two sampling processes conducted in the arsenic level monitoring plan set out are presented. In the initial phase, water samples from 353 water supplies comprised within the census of the Public Health Administration of the Autonomous Community of Madrid were analyzed. A water supply risk classification was made based on these initial results. In a second phase, six months later, the analyses were repeated on those 35 water supplies which were considered to possibly pose a risk to public health. Seventy-four percent (74%) of the water supplies studied in the initial phase were revealed to have an arsenic concentration of less than 10 micrograms/l, 22.6% containing levels of 10 micrograms/l-50 micrograms/l, and 3.7% over 50 micrograms/l. Most of the water supplies showing arsenic levels of more than 10 micrograms/l are located in the same geographical area. In the second sampling process (six months later), the 35 water supplies classified as posing a risk were included. Twenty-six (26) of these supplies were revealed to have the same arsenic level ((10-50 micrograms/l), and nine changed category, six of which had less than 10 micrograms/l and three more than 50 micrograms/l. In the Autonomous Community of Madrid, less than 2% of the population drinks water coming from supplies which are from underground sources. The regular water quality monitoring conducted by the Public Health Administration has led to detecting the presence of more than 50 micrograms/l of arsenic in sixteen drinking water supplies from underground sources, which is the maximum

  2. Redes alimentarias alternativas en grandes ciudades: los mercados de productores agrarios en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Méndez Gutiérrez del Valle; Obdulia Monteserín Abella

    2017-01-01

    Las redes alimentarias alternativas constituyen una temática de investigación emergente en los estudios urbanos, que cuestiona los modelos dominantes de producción, distribución y consumo de alimentos. Una de sus manifestaciones son los mercados de productores, que ponen en contacto directo a productores periurbanos y rurales con consumidores urbanos, favoreciendo las relaciones de proximidad y los circuitos cortos. El artículo investiga los mercados de productores en Madrid mediante una estr...

  3. On year Study of Atmospheric Polychlorinated Biphenyls in a Selected Area of Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Alonso, S.; Perez Pastor, R. M.; Sevillano Castano, M. L.

    2002-07-01

    Monthly ambient air and surface soil samples were taken for analysis in the outskirts of Madrid in an open urban area from November 1998 to October 1999. Thirty-one congeners were selected according to their abundance in environmental samples. A comparison of the data so produced with concentration levels obtained in urban centre samples and compiled data was performed. Temperatures higher than 10 degree centigree resulted in increasing ambient air levis and a peak concentration was also observed when wind velocity ranged between 2.5 and 3.5 m.s''-1. (Author) 27 refs.

  4. Estudios de nieblas realizados en el C.M.T. de Madrid y Castilla La Mancha

    OpenAIRE

    Cano Espadas, Darío; Palacio García, José Ignacio; Téllez Jurado, Beatriz; Martínez Albadalejo, Alejandro

    2001-01-01

    Ponencia presentada en: V Simposio Nacional de Predicción, celebrado en 2001 en Madrid. Se pretende poner a debate el estado de los estudios sobre nieblas en el C.M.T., especialmente sobre las nieblas en Barajas. Básicamente se han desarrollado dos líneas de trabajo. Por un lado, se ha estudiado el comportamiento de índices de predicción especialmente el índice FOGSI . Este trabajo se aborda desde dos puntos de vista: el índice calculado por el sondeo en el punto de Barajas y el índice ...

  5. One Year Study of Atmospheric Polychlorinated Biphenyls in a Selected Area of Madrid

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garcia Alonso, S.; Perez Pastor, R. M.; Sevillano CastaNo, M. L.

    2002-01-01

    Monthly ambient air and surface soil samples were taken for analysis in the outskirts of Madrid in an open urban area from November 1998 to October 1999. Thirty-one congeners were selected according to their abundance in environmental samples. A comparison of the data so produced with concentration levels obtained in urban centre samples and compiled data was performed. Temperatures higher than 10 degree centigree resulted in increasing ambient air levels and a peak concentration was also observed when wind velocity ranged between 2.5 and 3.5 m.s 1 . (Author) 27 refs

  6. Protocolo de Actuación para el Análisis del Patrimonio Documental y Bibliográfico desde el Aula de Restauración de Obra Gráfica de la Facultad de Bellas Artes, Universidad de Sevilla

    OpenAIRE

    Bueno-Vargas, Javier; Vázquez Jiménez, Elena

    2015-01-01

    En esta comunicación se expone la metodología de trabajo seguida por el alumnado de la asignatura de Intervención en el Patrimonio Documental y Bibliográfico1,2, adscrita al Grado de Conservación y Restauración de la Universidad de Sevilla, para determinar el diagnóstico del estado de conservación de las obras gráficas intervenidas en el aula.

  7. Caracterización de ladrillería tradicional producida en la Vega del Guadalquivir, en zonas próximas a Sevilla

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flores Alés, V.

    1999-02-01

    situada entre Sevilla, Coria, San Juan de Aznalfarache, Tomares y Castilleja de la Cuesta, y que continúan funcionando con un sistema de producción latericia tradicional, similar a la que se ha venido empleando desde hace siglos. Las variaciones que presenta el proceso de fabricación con respecto a la técnica de elaboración seguida desde hace siglos se limitan casi exclusivamente a los combustibles utilizados en los hornos de cocción. La caracterización de los materiales se ha realizado mediante el estudio de propiedades físicas mediante ensayos normalizados, análisis químico de componentes mayoritarios y estudio estadístico de resultados, análisis mineralógico por difracción de rayos X con valoración semicuantitativa de resultados y análisis térmico mediante ATD y termogravimetría. Las piezas estudiadas se han separado inicialmente en dos grupos, según la coloración amarilla o rojiza de la pasta cerámica, presentando el primero una textura más fina producto de la materia prima; estas características diferenciadoras descritas a priori se han visto parcialmente confirmadas por los resultados obtenidos; lógicamente las composiciones químicas son diferentes, las piezas rojizas presentan una mayor resistencia a compresión, mientras que los ensayos de succión y absorción son similares. Independientemente de la influencia de las transformaciones que se producen durante la cocción en la coloración, en la composición mineralógica no se aprecian diferencias sustanciales entre los dos grupos (1. Se ha comprobado la homogeneidad y la correlación existente en los distintos parámetros analizados en función del análisis estadístico factorial, así como entre ellos; y se han establecido las temperaturas alcanzadas durante la cocción en función de la presencia de minerales sintéticos en la composición mineralógica. Los resultados de los ensayos físicos y las diferencias existentes en el dimensionado de las piezas están acordes con el proceso

  8. Innovación y difusión del cambio lingüístico en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Molina

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I examine three phonic changes taking place in Spanish: the relaxation of /s/ in implossive position, the yeísmo, and the loss of voiced /d/ in intervocalic position. The analysis looks at the Comunidad the Madrid, a territory characterized by the exchange of linguistic influences and the crossing of linguistic borders. The perspective of the study is both dialectal and sociolinguistic. My objective is to know whether Madrid acts as a center for the spread of these southern innovations, or whether the city follows instead the northern Castilian norm.

  9. Nuevas noticias sobre la ruina y reconstrucción de la iglesia del Real Convento de San Pablo de Sevilla, según un manuscrito inédito de 1692-1708 (New information about ruin and reconstruction of the church of the Royal Convent of San Pablo in Seville

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Roda Peña

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Estudio de las circunstancias en que se produjo la ruina de la antigua iglesia del convento dominico de San Pablo el Real de Sevilla en 1691, y de los comienzos de su inmediata reconstrucción en clave barroca por el arquitecto Leonardo de Figueroa (1654-1730, en base a las noticias inéditas aportadas por un manuscrito anónimo contemporáneo (1692-1708, conservado en el legado Montoto de la Biblioteca Universitaria de Sevilla, que también nos ilustra sobre ciertos aspectos devocionales y artísticos referidos a este desaparecido templo hispalense de la Orden de Predicadores.Abstract: Study of the circumstances in which there was the ruin of the old church of the dominican convent of San Pablo el Real of Sevilla in 1691, and of the beginnings of its immediate reconstruction in baroque language by the architect Leonardo de Figueroa (1654-1730, based on the unpublished news contributed by an anonymous contemporary manuscript (1692-1708, preserved in the Montoto legacy of the University Library in Seville, which also illustrates us about certain devotional and artistic aspects related to this disappeared sevillian temple of the Order of Preachers.

  10. Location of Bioelectricity Plants in the Madrid Community Based on Triticale Crop: A Multicriteria Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Romero

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a work whose objective is, first, to quantify the potential of the triticale biomass existing in each of the agricultural regions in the Madrid Community through a crop simulation model based on regression techniques and multiple correlation. Second, a methodology for defining which area has the best conditions for the installation of electricity plants from biomass has been described and applied. The study used a methodology based on compromise programming in a discrete multicriteria decision method (MDM context. To make a ranking, the following criteria were taken into account: biomass potential, electric power infrastructure, road networks, protected spaces, and urban nuclei surfaces. The results indicate that, in the case of the Madrid Community, the Campiña region is the most suitable for setting up plants powered by biomass. A minimum of 17,339.9 tons of triticale will be needed to satisfy the requirements of a 2.2 MW power plant. The minimum range of action for obtaining the biomass necessary in Campiña region would be 6.6 km around the municipality of Algete, based on Geographic Information Systems. The total biomass which could be made available in considering this range in this region would be 18,430.68 t.

  11. Thallium occurrence and partitioning in soils and sediments affected by mining activities in Madrid province (Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gomez-Gonzalez, M.A.; Garcia-Guinea, J.; Laborda, F.; Garrido, F.

    2015-01-01

    Thallium (Tl) and its compounds are toxic to biota even at low concentrations but little is known about Tl concentration and speciation in soils. An understanding of the source, mobility, and dispersion of Tl is necessary to evaluate the environmental impact of Tl pollution cases. In this paper, we examine the Tl source and dispersion in two areas affected by abandoned mine facilities whose residues remain dumped on-site affecting to soils and sediments of natural water courses near Madrid city (Spain). Total Tl contents and partitioning in soil solid phases as determined by means of a sequential extraction procedure were also examined in soils along the riverbeds of an ephemeral and a permanent streams collecting water runoff and drainage from the mines wastes. Lastly, electronic microscopy and cathodoluminescence probe are used as a suitable technique for Tl elemental detection on thallium-bearing phases. Tl was found mainly bound to quartz and alumino-phyllosilicates in both rocks and examined soils. Besides, Tl was also frequently found associated to organic particles and diatom frustules in all samples from both mine scenarios. These biogenic silicates may regulate the transfer of Tl into the soil-water system. - Highlights: • Abandoned mine residues are Tl sources in soils of Madrid catchment area. • Tl was associated to quartz and aluminosilicates in both rocks and soils. • Tl was frequently found associated to organic particles and diatom frustules. • Cathodoluminescence is a suitable technique for Tl detection on soils and rocks

  12. Thallium occurrence and partitioning in soils and sediments affected by mining activities in Madrid province (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Gonzalez, M.A.; Garcia-Guinea, J. [National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Laborda, F. [Group of Analytical Spectroscopy and Sensors Group, Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Garrido, F., E-mail: fernando.garrido@mncn.csic.es [National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2015-12-01

    Thallium (Tl) and its compounds are toxic to biota even at low concentrations but little is known about Tl concentration and speciation in soils. An understanding of the source, mobility, and dispersion of Tl is necessary to evaluate the environmental impact of Tl pollution cases. In this paper, we examine the Tl source and dispersion in two areas affected by abandoned mine facilities whose residues remain dumped on-site affecting to soils and sediments of natural water courses near Madrid city (Spain). Total Tl contents and partitioning in soil solid phases as determined by means of a sequential extraction procedure were also examined in soils along the riverbeds of an ephemeral and a permanent streams collecting water runoff and drainage from the mines wastes. Lastly, electronic microscopy and cathodoluminescence probe are used as a suitable technique for Tl elemental detection on thallium-bearing phases. Tl was found mainly bound to quartz and alumino-phyllosilicates in both rocks and examined soils. Besides, Tl was also frequently found associated to organic particles and diatom frustules in all samples from both mine scenarios. These biogenic silicates may regulate the transfer of Tl into the soil-water system. - Highlights: • Abandoned mine residues are Tl sources in soils of Madrid catchment area. • Tl was associated to quartz and aluminosilicates in both rocks and soils. • Tl was frequently found associated to organic particles and diatom frustules. • Cathodoluminescence is a suitable technique for Tl detection on soils and rocks.

  13. [Typologies of Madrid's citizens (Spain) at the end-of-life: cluster analysis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz-Gonçalves, Belén; Perea-Pérez, Bernardo; Labajo González, Elena; Albarrán Juan, Elena; Santiago-Sáez, Andrés

    2018-03-06

    To establish typologies within Madrid's citizens (Spain) with regard to end-of-life by cluster analysis. The SPAD 8 programme was implemented in a sample from a health care centre in the autonomous region of Madrid (Spain). A multiple correspondence analysis technique was used, followed by a cluster analysis to create a dendrogram. A cross-sectional study was made beforehand with the results of the questionnaire. Five clusters stand out. Cluster 1: a group who preferred not to answer numerous questions (5%). Cluster 2: in favour of receiving palliative care and euthanasia (40%). Cluster 3: would oppose assisted suicide and would not ask for spiritual assistance (15%). Cluster 4: would like to receive palliative care and assisted suicide (16%). Cluster 5: would oppose assisted suicide and would ask for spiritual assistance (24%). The following four clusters stood out. Clusters 2 and 4 would like to receive palliative care, euthanasia (2) and assisted suicide (4). Clusters 4 and 5 regularly practiced their faith and their family members did not receive palliative care. Clusters 3 and 5 would be opposed to euthanasia and assisted suicide in particular. Clusters 2, 4 and 5 had not completed an advance directive document (2, 4 and 5). Clusters 2 and 3 seldom practiced their faith. This study could be taken into consideration to improve the quality of end-of-life care choices. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  14. Molecular epidemiology of parasitic protozoa and Ehrlichia canis in wildlife in Madrid (central Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Criado-Fornelio, Angel; Martín-Pérez, T; Verdú-Expósito, C; Reinoso-Ortiz, S A; Pérez-Serrano, J

    2018-07-01

    Wildlife species are involved in the transmission of diverse pathogens. This study aimed to monitor raccoons (Procyon lotor), American minks (Neovison vison), and red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) as potential reservoirs in central Spain. Specifically, 200 spleen and fecal samples (from 194 raccoons, 3 minks, and 3 foxes) were analyzed molecularly by PCR/qPCR and sequencing for the presence of piroplasmids, Hepatozoon spp., Toxoplasma gondii, and Ehrlichia canis infections in the Community of Madrid (Spain). Biological samples were obtained in the years 2014, 2015, and 2016. No pathogen DNA was found in fecal samples. In contrast, analysis of raccoon spleen samples revealed that Toxoplasma was the most prevalent pathogen (prevalence 3.6 ± 2.6%), followed by Hepatozoon canis and E. canis (each with a prevalence of 2.57 ± 2.2%). Hepatozoon canis was also diagnosed in all three of the analyzed foxes. Analysis of yearly prevalence showed that tick-borne pathogens were less frequent in raccoon in 2015, a dry and warm year compared both to 2014 and 2016. These data suggest that fecal PCR assays are unsuitable for detection of DNA of non-erythrocytic pathogens. Furthermore, they demonstrate that the raccoon (an invasive species often living in proximity to domestic areas) and the red fox are putative reservoirs for pathogenic organisms in the Community of Madrid.

  15. Screening for several potential pathogens in feral pigeons (Columba livia in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ballesteros Carlos

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pathogens with the zoonotic potential to infect humans, such as Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli and Chlamydophila psittaci, can be found in feral pigeons (Columba livia. Given the high density of these birds in the public parks and gardens of most cities, they may pose a direct threat to public health. Methods A total of 118 pigeons were captured in three samplings carried out in 2006-2007 in public parks and gardens in Madrid, Spain. Standard haematological and morphological analyses were carried out on the pigeons. PCR was used to screen for the presence of Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli and Chlamydophila psittaci. Positive samples were confirmed by DNA sequencing. Results The analyses demonstrated a high prevalence of Chlamydophila psittaci (52.6% and Campylobacter jejuni (69.1% among the birds captured. In contrast, Campylobacter coli was rarely detected (1.1%. Conclusions Pigeons in Madrid can carry Chlamydophila psittaci and Campylobacter jejuni. They may be asymptomatic or subclinical carriers of both pathogens.

  16. Screening for several potential pathogens in feral pigeons (Columba livia) in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Background Pathogens with the zoonotic potential to infect humans, such as Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli and Chlamydophila psittaci, can be found in feral pigeons (Columba livia). Given the high density of these birds in the public parks and gardens of most cities, they may pose a direct threat to public health. Methods A total of 118 pigeons were captured in three samplings carried out in 2006-2007 in public parks and gardens in Madrid, Spain. Standard haematological and morphological analyses were carried out on the pigeons. PCR was used to screen for the presence of Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli and Chlamydophila psittaci. Positive samples were confirmed by DNA sequencing. Results The analyses demonstrated a high prevalence of Chlamydophila psittaci (52.6%) and Campylobacter jejuni (69.1%) among the birds captured. In contrast, Campylobacter coli was rarely detected (1.1%). Conclusions Pigeons in Madrid can carry Chlamydophila psittaci and Campylobacter jejuni. They may be asymptomatic or subclinical carriers of both pathogens. PMID:20569487

  17. Modelling the influence of peri-urban trees in the air quality of Madrid region (Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alonso, Rocio; Vivanco, Marta G.; Gonzalez-Fernandez, Ignacio; Bermejo, Victoria; Palomino, Inmaculada; Garrido, Juan Luis; Elvira, Susana; Salvador, Pedro; Artinano, Begona

    2011-01-01

    Tropospheric ozone (O 3 ) is considered one of the most important air pollutants affecting human health. The role of peri-urban vegetation in modifying O 3 concentrations has been analyzed in the Madrid region (Spain) using the V200603par-rc1 version of the CHIMERE air quality model. The 3.7 version of the MM5 meteorological model was used to provide meteorological input data to the CHIMERE. The emissions were derived from the EMEP database for 2003. Land use data and the stomatal conductance model included in CHIMERE were modified according to the latest information available for the study area. Two cases were considered for the period April-September 2003: (1) actual land use and (2) a fictitious scenario where El Pardo peri-urban forest was converted to bare-soil. The results show that El Pardo forest constitutes a sink of O 3 since removing this green area increased O 3 levels over the modified area and over down-wind surrounding areas. - Highlights: → Role of peri-urban vegetation in modifying O 3 pollution in Madrid (Spain). → The CHIMERE air quality model was adapted to Mediterranean conditions. → Preserving the peri-urban forest lowers O 3 concentrations over the surrounding areas. → Evergreen broadleaf and deciduous forests removed more atmospheric O 3 than conifers. - Peri-urban forests contribute to ameliorate ozone air pollution.

  18. EL PERFIL COMPETITIVO LOCAL COMO FACTOR DETERMINANTE PARA EL DESARROLLO DE LA FLORICULTURA EN MADRID (CUNDINAMARCA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DANIEL HERNÁN SANTIAGO ROMERO

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo describe los atributos del perfil competitivo del municipio de Madrid y establece las relaciones que, con dicho perfil, ha tenido el desarrollo de cultivos de flores. Se parte de la descripción de la situación actual de la industria de la floricultura en el país. Después, tras establecer los determinantes que desde la teoría se han propuesto para medir la competitividad de un territorio, se analiza el caso particular del municipio de Madrid y define los atributos competitivos que lo caracterizan. Se presentan las relaciones entre el perfil competitivo del municipio y la floricultura, mostrando cómo aquél, se convirtió en un factor determinante para dicha actividad económica. Finalmente se presentan las conclusiones del artículo, las cuales son antecedidas por la presentación de los elementos que representan la mayor fortaleza para el desarrollo económico del municipio en el futuro.

  19. Reconstruyendo redes, repensando espacios: experiencias migrantes de argentinos en Madrid (2002/2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Schmidt

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Los proyectos migratorios implican importantes cambios en la articulación de los espacios sociales. No sólo porque las redes se amplían a nuevos contactos y amistades en el lugar de radicación sino también porque las antiguas relaciones con quienes se quedan en el lugar de procedencia entran en un proceso de transformación. En esta contribución utilizamos la historia oral para acercarnos a las experiencias de un grupo de argentinos que vino a establecerse a Madrid a raíz de la crisis de 2001. Indagamos en la reconstrucción de sus redes sociales en destino y en la manera en que comienzan a repensar sus vínculos con Argentina.___________________ABSTRACT:The migratory projects carry important changes in the articulation of the social spaces. Not only because the networks widen to include new contacts and friendships, also because the old relations in the origin country begin a transformation process. This paper uses the oral history to examine the experiences of a group of Argentines settled in Madrid as a result of the crisis of 2001. It investigates the reconstruction of their social networks in destination and how they rethink their links to Argentina.

  20. La imagen en el cuerpo urbano. La transformación de Madrid hacia el consumo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Morcillo Álvarez

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available El neoliberalismo ha supuesto una transformación en la conceptualización de las clases sociales y una reconfiguración de las relaciones entre ellas. En tal sentido, ha emprendido un cambio en los centros urbanos, intensificando su uso comercial y turístico a partir de la inversión pública en la imagen de la ciudad. En Madrid, entre los años 1998 y 2007, de hegemonía neoliberal, se ha invertido, precisamente, en proyectos que han cambiado la escena urbana, reforzando el carácter fetichista del espacio y fomentando, con ello, el reforzamiento de los valores de excelencia y prestigio social. A partir del análisis de la inversión pública en proyectos de escena urbana, se procede a estudiar aquí los efectos que las peatonalizaciones y semipeatonalizaciones han tenido en la conceptualización del centro de Madrid, en los años de máxima expansión neoliberal.

  1. Cocaine abuse or dependency and other pyschiatric disorders. Madrid study on dual pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arias, Francisco; Szerman, Nestor; Vega, Pablo; Mesias, Beatriz; Basurte, Ignacio; Morant, Consuelo; Ochoa, Enriqueta; Poyo, Félix; Babin, Francisco

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of this study was to analyse the cocaine addict subgroup from the Madrid study of prevalence of dual disorders in community mental health and substance misuse services. The sample consisted of 837 outpatients from Madrid, Spain. We compared 488 subjects who had a lifetime diagnosis of cocaine abuse or dependence, and 222 subjects who did not have a cocaine substance use disorder. We used the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview to evaluate axis I mental disorders, and the Personality Disorder Questionnaire to evaluate personality disorders. Almost three-quarters (73.4%) of cocaine addicts had a current dual disorder. Most prevalent were mood and anxiety disorders. Almost half (49.6%) had a personality disorder. Most of them (94.9%) had other substance use disorders. Cocaine addicts did not have higher prevalence rates of dual pathology than addicts with no cocaine abuse or dependence. Cocaine addicts were associated to a diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder, agoraphobia, and post-traumatic stress disorder, and they had an early age of onset of alcohol and cannabis use. Dual pathology is no higher in cocaine addicts in treatment than in addicts who do not use cocaine, however cocaine addicts started other drugs earlier, and were associated with specific mental disorders. Copyright © 2012 SEP y SEPB. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  2. CHINESE BUSINESSMEN AND “LEADERS” IN MADRID: POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC PRACTICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Betrisey Nadali

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the emergence of “leaders” of the Chinese community in Madrid, based on a study of a conflict that was brief but significant; specifically, the social protests carried out by shopkeepers and workers in the central district of Lavapiés in 2005 and 2006, and who were protesting against a controversial municipal regulations on trade. What is interesting about this study is the way that it analyses – through this experience of the mobilisation and representation of their community – the way in which these “leaders” were constituted as political entities, with links to the main relevant social actors (associationist movements, political parties and economic groups in Madrid and how they co-opted a certain ability to represent the collective by incorporating such complex, symbolic elements as “being Chinese”, social class, affiliation to local parties and discourses on belonging to the welcoming country. The analysis shows, furthermore, that the various expressions of ethnicity do not represent a fixed, inert reality, but rather a dynamic process which, in addition to the actual paths of the main characters, takes shape based on the context in which it is immersed.

  3. Trends in leisure time and occupational physical activity in the Madrid region, 1995-2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meseguer, Carmen M; Galán, Iñaki; Herruzo, Rafael; Rodríguez-Artalejo, Fernando

    2011-01-01

    Information on trends in physical activity is very scarce in Mediterranean countries, which have the highest sedentariness in Europe. This study describes recent trends in leisure time physical activity (LTPA) and at work in the Madrid region. The data were taken from representative annual surveys of population aged 18-64 years, between 1995-2008, 28,084 people participated. We calculated total energy, quantified in metabolic equivalent (MET-1 h per week), spent on LTPA and on light LTPA (6 MET). The annual change in LTPA was estimated by linear regression, and occupational activity by logistic regression, adjusting for age, gender and educational level. The total amount of LTPA in MET-1 h per week declined by 19.8% (Pgenders, all age groups and educational levels, except for those with the lowest level of education. The adjusted annual change in MET-1 h per week was: -0.21 (Pphysical inactivity has increased in the general population (odds ratio for annual change=1.01; 95% confidence interval, 1-1.02); specially in women, young and middle aged, and intermediate educational level. There has been a decline in LTPA, mainly in light and moderate activities, accompanied by greater occupational physical inactivity. This could have contributed to the increase in obesity in the Community of Madrid between 1995-2008. Copyright © 2010 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  4. Estación depuradora, en Madrid, España

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    Herrera Marín, J.

    1969-05-01

    Full Text Available This article gives a detailed description of the installations for purifying the residual waters of the «El Fresno» basin, in the neighbourhood of Puerta de Hierro. A special feature of this project is that this is one of the four plants provided for in the General Plan for Sanitary Works of Madrid, and it is also important since it is the largest such installation at present in service. It provides for full processing of the residual waters, and it has been through useful to give a summary of the sanitary engineering calculations.Se hace en este artículo una descripción detallada de la estación depuradora de aguas residuales de la cuenca de «El Fresno», situada en las inmediaciones de Puerta de Hierro. Resalta el interés de la obra la circunstancia de ser una de las cuatro plantas previstas en el Plan General de Obras Sanitarias de Madrid; y dado que se trata de la de mayor envergadura que hay actualmente en servicio, con tratamiento completo de aguas residuales, se ha considerado interesante y de actualidad incluir un resumen de los cálculos justificativos de ingeniería sanitaria.

  5. Happiness on the street: Overall happiness among homeless people in Madrid (Spain).

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    Panadero, Sonia; Guillén, Ana Isabel; Vázquez, José Juan

    2015-07-01

    This article tests a hypothesized model of overall happiness among homeless people in Spain. The research was conducted based on a representative sample of homeless people in Madrid (n = 235), all adults, who had spent the night before the interview in a shelter for homeless people, on the street or in other places not initially designed for sleeping, or who were in supervised accommodation for homeless people at the time of the interview. Information was gathered using a structured interview. The results obtained show that around half of the homeless people in Madrid said that they were happy. A positive meta-stereotype and a better perceived general health were associated with a higher overall happiness, while feelings of loneliness were associated with a lower overall happiness. Happiness also showed a significant effect on future expectations. Disabilities and handicaps had a significant effect on perceived general health, which was in turn associated with overall happiness among homeless people. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  6. [Secondary school menu in Madrid (Spain): knowledge and adherence to the Spanish National Health System recommendations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berradre-Sáenz, Belén; Royo-Bordonada, Miguel Ángel; Bosqued, María José; Moya, María Ángeles; López, Lázaro

    2015-01-01

    To establish the degree of knowledge and adherence to the Spanish National Health System recommendations on nutrition in schools in the Autonomous Community of Madrid. Cross-sectional study of a random sample of 182 secondary schools from Madrid, during 2013-2014 school year. Information on the characteristics of the schools and the knowledge of the recommendations was collected by internet and telephone interviews, as well as a copy of the school menu. The average number of rations per week offered for each food item and the percentage of schools within the recommended range were calculated. The overall adherence was obtained as the mean of food items (0-12) within the range. 65.5% of the schools were unaware of the national recommendations. The supply of rice, pasta, fish, eggs, salad and fruit was lower than recommended, whereas for meat, accompaniment and other desserts was higher. The percentage of schools within the range for each food item varied between 13% and 95%. The mean of overall adherence was 6.3, with no differences depending on whether the menu was prepared or not at schools or there was or not a person in charge of nutrition standards. The degree of adherence to the recommendations was variable, being advised to increase the supply of cereals, eggs, fish, salad and fruit. Programs for dissemination and implementation of the recommendations, leaded by trained professionals, are required to improve the nutritional value of school menu. Copyright © 2015 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  7. Central de producción de calor - Madrid – España

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    Laorden Jiménez, J.

    1973-10-01

    Full Text Available The Heat Production Station of the University City Hospital in Madrid is described, after several years operation. The Station is equipped for an output of 13,000,000 kcal/hr, for heating; 1,000,000 kcal/hr, for hospital hot water, and 3,200,000 kcal/hr, for steam at 5 kp/cm2. The different alternatives are presented and the general outline of the solution chosen, as well as a comprehensive list of the materials used.Se describe la Central de Producción de Calor del Hospital Clínico de la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid, después de algunos años de funcionamiento. La Central está preparada para una producción de 13.000.000 de kcal/h, para calefacción; 1.000.000 de kilocalorías/h, para agua caliente sanitaria, y 3.200.000 kcal/h, para vapor a 5 kp/cm2. Se presentan las diversas alternativas y el esquema general de la solución elegida, así como una extensa relación de ios materiales empleados.

  8. El poblamiento humano antiguo en el valle alto del Lozoya (Madrid

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    Belén Márquez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La localización en superficie en el término municipal de Lozoya (Madrid de un conjunto de piezas de industria lítica achelense permite retrotraer el primer poblamiento de esta zona al Pleistoceno medio, cuando hasta la fecha las evidencias más antiguas en el valle alto del río Lozoya se remontaban a inicios del Pleistoceno superior. El nuevo hallazgo sitúa al río Lozoya en relación cultural con el poblamiento humano antiguo de los ríos Jarama y Manzanares.The discovery of a surface sample of Acheulean lithic industry at the Lozoya district (Madrid takes back to the Middle Pleistocene the first human peopling of this area. Until now themost ancient evidences at the Upper Lozoya Valley went back to the initial Upper Pleistocene. The new findings place the Lozoya River in cultural relation with the ancient human population of Jarama and Manzanares Rivers.

  9. La Junta de Información en Madrid para las reformas en Las Antillas, 1866

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    M. Dolores Domingo Acebrón

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available The Junta de Information organised in 1866 by the Spanish authorities brought together in Madrid official representatives and people from the Antilles to discuss an essential topic: the situation of Cuba and Puerto Rico. Their complaints and petitions were specific, leaving no doubt as to what Cubans and Puerto Ricans desired. They wished for, on the one hand, the abolition of slavery, and on the other, greater political freedom: in sum, a series of social, economic and political reforms. In reponse, the Spanish authorities displayed an inflexible and intransigent disposition, which did not help the understanding between Antillas and the Spanish. The Spanish authorities responded by increasing direct taxes and rejecting the abolition of customs. On the political front, Spain maintained its extreme defense of the «statu quo». The commissioners from the Antilles found confirmed in Madrid the metropolis's lack of interest towards Cuban and Puerto Rican problems. The situation became irreversible once the independence movement had begun, wiht the objective of achieving freedom from Spanish colonialism.

  10. Study of the superficial ozone concentrations in the atmosphere of Comunidad de Madrid using passive samplers

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    D. Galán Madruga

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The ozone is a secondary atmospheric pollutant which is generated for photochemical reactions of volatil organic compounds (VOC’s and nitrogen oxides (NOx. In Spain the ozone is a big problem as a consequence of the solar radiation to reach high levels. Exposure over a period of time to elevated ozone concentrations can cause damage in the public health and alterations in the vegetation.The aim of this study is to carry out the development and validation of a measurement method to let asses the superficial ozone levels in the Comunidad de Madrid, by identifing the zones more significants, where to measure with UV photometric monitors (automatics methods this pollutant and where the health and the vegetation can be affected. To such effect, passive samplers are used, which have glass fiber filters coated with a solution of sodium nitrite, potassium carbonate, glycerol and water. The nitrite ion in the presence of ozone is oxidized to nitrato ion, which it is extrated with ultrapure water and analyzed for ion chromatography, by seen proportional to the concentration existing in the sampling point.The results of validation from field tests indicate a excellent correlation between the passive and the automatic method.The higher superficial ozone concentrations are placed in rural zones, distanced of emission focus of primary pollutants (nitrogen oxides and volatil organic compounds... principally in direction soutwest and northwest of the Comunidad of Madrid.

  11. Violencia en el Madrid de la Guerra Civil: los "paseos" (Julio a Diciembre 1936

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    Javier CERVERA GIL

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Dentro de la enorme violencia presente en la Guerra Civil Española, el inicio de la misma en Madrid se caracterizó por la proliferación de episodios de violencia política, porque esas eran las razones que se argüían, e inorgánica, porque no se conectaba con proyecto revolucionario alguno. En este artículo se analiza una represión incontrolada que tenía como organismos claves las checas, de donde partían las policías de partido que efectuaban detenciones arbitrarias, y como episodios característicos los paseos: ejecuciones sin formación de causa y de forma clandestina. En las checas actuaban sujetos indeseables que generaron un clima de terror e inseguridad en Madrid en los enemigos de la República y en los sospechosos de pocas simpatías hacia el Frente Popular. Este clima de exceso y violencia fue objeto de preocupación de las autoridades republicanas en Madrid, siendo Santiago Carrillo, Consejero de Orden Público de la Junta de Defensa de Madrid, quien consiguió poner coto a los injustificables paseos. En la última parte del artículo se analiza este fenómeno de los paseos. Su ejecución fue sobre todo obra de anarquistas y, en mucha menor medida, de comunistas. Los hechos se iniciaban con la detención al anochecer y, la mayoría de las veces, terminaban con la ejecución de la víctima en la madrugada, casi en ocho de cada diez casos. Sus víctimas fueron sobre todo religiosos, seguidos de empleados y militares. El momento de mayor proliferación fue en los meses de agosto y septiembre de 1936, observándose un drástico descenso a partir de noviembre hasta su casi total desaparición a inicios de 1937, como un síntoma más del proceso de reconstrucción del Estado republicano. Palabras clave: Guerra Civil Española, Violencia política, Represión, Comunismo, Anarquismo. ABSTRACT: Within the framework of the enormous amount of violence that took place at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, Madrid's violence

  12. Proceso constructivo del Rockódromo Arena de Madrid, España

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    Barbero, J. M.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available It has understand this project as a need to repair the Rockodromo place located in Casa de Campo of Madrid by means of the construction of Arena pavilion, an auxiliary pavilion and a connection tunnel. The aim is the possibility of contain multiple uses, as spectacle use with a total capacity of 10.800 seat spectators, a fair use. It has projected a roof with a “bicycle wheel typology” for covering the Arena Pavilion as the most identify element. This roof will is able to provide the light that needs this building types.Este proyecto parte de la necesidad de consolidar el recinto del Rockódromo de la Casa de Campo de Madrid mediante la construcción de un Pabellón Arena, un Pabellón auxiliar y un Túnel de conexión. El propósito de la obra consiste en la posibilidad de albergar en el Pabellón unos usos múltiples que permitan su funcionamiento como lugar de espectáculos, con una capacidad de 10.800 asientos, así como de usos feriales. Se ha proyectado una cubierta como el elemento más identificador, con una tipología de “rueda de bicicleta”, para cubrir el Pabellón Arena, que debido a su diafanidad y versatilidad puede ser capaz de suministrar la luz que requieren este tipo de edificios.

  13. Videosurveillance in the center of Madrid: moving towards an electronic panopticon?

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    Santiago Ruiz Chasco

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In the downtown of Madrid there are currently 147 CCTV cameras controlled by the Municipal Police, forming an entire control mesh digitalized through which the look of power is imposed as a standard element in order to produce safety spaces. Far from being a declining reality, this is presented with increasing frequency as a "necessity", and thus, the mayor of Madrid, Ana Botella, has asked to the Government Delegation for installing 46 surveillance cameras more, in order to create "a large shopping and leisure environment covered with closed circuit television, an "ambitious security plan for shopping tourism". One of the central areas where they are concentrated is the neighborhood of Lavapies, where a total of 48 cameras to "fight crime and increase the sense of security" are installed. The discourses who try to legitimize the process of mass implementation of video surveillance in public space usually refer to "security reasons", and "improving the quality of life for residents and visitors". But ... what safety and quality of life are we talking about? Who and how are you protecting? Is it really an effective system of crime control? Try to answer these questions and allude to some resistance movements that have emerged against this process of implementation of urban electronic panopticon in order to question critically the discourses of safety is the objective of this article.

  14. Frontal de altar y paneles cerámicos del siglo XVI en la Iglesia del Convento de Madre de Dios (Sevilla: estado de conservación y reconstrucción virtual

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    Lupión Álvarez, J. J.

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available It is described and studied several ceramic compositions (16th century of Cultural Heritage, in the church of Convento Madre de Dios (Sevilla. It is dealed with the so-called “frontal de altar”, and two ceramic panels at the side, made by the technic of polychrome plated tiles (size 12,5 x 12,5 cm. This ceramic work is inspired in the Apocalipsis. They are located under an altarpiece in wood dedicated to St. John the Evangelist. The present study has allowed to evaluate highly its interest and singularity from both the historical-artistic and ceramology points of views, with models scarcely frequent or unknown in Ceramic Art, in general, and particularly at Sevilla. The conservation state of the ceramic composition in the frontal de altar was also investigated, being not so good due to their remarkable deterioration. It is discussed the documentation that exists concerning this artistic work, and the proofs of the author by a signature (AV.GTSA:FA, which is attributed to Cristóbal de Augusta. Finally, it has been performed a virtual re-construction of the scene represented at the ceramic frontal de altar. For this purpose, digital photography and data treatment using computer methods have been applied. From all these results, it has been designed a proposal to take part in this artwork for a next possible restauration.

    Se describen y estudian una serie de composiciones cerámicas del Patrimonio Histórico-Artístico y Cultural (siglo XVI que existen en la iglesia del Convento Madre de Dios de Sevilla. Se trata del denominado frontal de altar y dos paneles laterales, realizados mediante la técnica del azulejo plano polícromo (12,5 x 12,5 cm. Son de temática apocalíptica y están ubicados debajo de un retablo de madera dedicado a San Juan Evangelista. El estudio llevado a cabo ha permitido apreciar su interés y singularidad desde el punto de vista histórico-artístico y ceramológico, con modelos poco frecuentes o desconocidos en

  15. La promoción y gestión de los polígonos industriales en la Eurorregión Galicia-Norte de Portugal Promotion and management in industrial states of the Euroregion Galicia-North of Portugal

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    Jesús García-Arca

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available En un entorno global, para reforzar la competitividad de las empresas es necesario adoptar políticas de desarrollo de infraestructuras logísticas y de polígonos industriales. Sin embargo, a pesar del impacto económico y social que generan estos polígonos industriales, su adecuada promoción y gestión no se ha destacado, especialmente en España. En este contexto, este artículo profundiza en las causas que conducen a una deficiente promoción y gestión de los polígonos industriales, proponiendo líneas de actuación su mejora. Para ilustrar esta problemática general, se analiza la promoción y gestión de los polígonos industriales en la Eurorregión Galicia-Norte de Portugal (provincia de Pontevedra en España y la zona de Minho-Lima en el distrito portugués de Viana do Castelo. Si bien el estudio de campo se centra en el ámbito fronterizo de la Eurorregión Galicia-Norte de Portugal, las conclusiones y recomendaciones del estudio son perfectamente extrapolables al resto de España y Portugal.This paper not only makes a deep analysis of the main causes that imply problems in promotion and management in industrial estates, but also proposes an action plan to improve the current situation. In order to illustrate these problems, the situation of industrial estates in the Euroregion Galicia-North of Portugal (Pontevedra area in Spain and Minho-Lima area in Viana do Castelo, Portugal was presented. Although the study focused only on these geographical areas (55 companies, the conclusions and recommendations could be easily extrapolated to the rest of Spain and Portugal. Among these conclusions, the need for a better strategy to locate new industrial estates, for a higher development of services and infrastructures, and for the adoption of suitable organizational schemes to the maintenance of industrial estates, could be outlined.

  16. La ganadería lanar en Madrid y su tierra durante la Edad Media

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    Tomás Puñal Fernández

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de la ganadería en general y ovina en particular ofrece un campo muy generoso de investigación porque permite conocer muchas de las estructuras socioeconómicas regionales y locales de un país o territorio. En el caso de Madrid dicho estudio es importante por cuanto en el conjunto de las labores agropecuarias del concejo, las ganaderas fueron las que mejor marcaron su desarrollo económico. La tierra madrileña es tierra de ganado, sobre todo lanar, y ello fue el punto de referencia de diversas actividades económicas que iban desde el abastecimiento de carne para la alimentación hasta la obtención de materia prima, lana y pieles, para las industrias textil y del cuero. Para tener una visión más amplia e interdisciplinar el presente estudio se ha hecho desde una doble perspectiva económica y social. Desde la ganadería estante y local a la trashumante, con especial mención a la Mesta y toda su problemática, así como los aspectos cuantitativos derivados del número de ovejas y el tamaño y tipo de los rebaños y sus aspectos fiscales concomitantes. En relación a ello toda la infraestructura de pastos y cañadas. Los aspectos sociales se refieren a los propietarios de ovejas como una oligarquía rural de labradores enriquecidos, así como a los trabajadores del ganado, es decir los pastores, sus contratos, salarios y condiciones de vida. En conjunto el panorama que se ofrece es muy significativo y permite acercarnos un poco más a la realidad socioeconómica del Madrid medieval.The study of the livestock in general and sheep in particular, offers a huge field to research as it allows to know many of the local and regional socioeconomíc structures of a city or country. In the case of Madrid, that study is important because the sheep livestock is, among the rest of the agricultural activities, the main one for its contribution to the economic development. Madrid is a livestock área, mainly for sheep, as the point of

  17. Hacia un modelo dinámico para la isla de calor urbana de Madrid = Towards a Dynamic Model for the Urban Heat Island of Madrid.

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    Miguel Núñez Peiró

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación se enmarca dentro del proyecto MODIFICA (modelo predictivo - Edificios - Isla de Calor Urbano, financiado por el Programa de I + D + i Orientada a los Retos de la sociedad 'Retos Investigación' de 2013. Está dirigido a desarrollar un modelo predictivo de eficiencia energética para viviendas, bajo el efecto de isla de calor urbano (AUS con el fin de ponerla en práctica en la evaluación de la demanda de energía real y el consumo en las viviendas. A pesar de los grandes avances que se han logrado durante los últimos años en el rendimiento energético de edificios, los archivos de tiempo utilizados en la construcción de simulaciones de energía se derivan generalmente de estaciones meteorológicas situadas en las afueras de la ciudad. Por lo tanto, el efecto de la Isla de Calor Urbano (ICU no se considera en estos cálculos, lo que implica una importante falta de precisión. Centrado en explorar cómo incluir los fenómenos ICU, el presente trabajo recopila y analiza la dinámica por hora de la temperatura en diferentes lugares dentro de la ciudad de Madrid. Abstract This research is framed within the project MODIFICA (Predictive model - Buildings - Urban Heat Island, funded by Programa de I+D+i orientada a los retos de la sociedad 'Retos Investigación' 2013. It is aimed at developing a predictive model for dwelling energy performance under the Urban Heat Island (UHI effect in order to implement it in the evaluation of real energy demand and consumption in dwellings. Despite great advances on building energy performance have been achieved during the last years, weather files used in building energy simulations are usually derived from weather stations placed in the outskirts of the city. Hence, Urban Heat Island (UHI effect is not considered in this calculations, which implies an important lack of accuracy. Focused on exploring how to include the UHI phenomena, the present paper compiles and analyses the hourly dynamics

  18. Los pájaros de Guadalajara tienen la garganta llena de trigo. Escuela y deslegitimación etnocultural en Galicia

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    Antón COSTA RICO

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: la contribución, con un título que podría ser enigmático y que se explica, pretende examinar cómo la escuela en Galicia se ha confrontado a lo largo de los siglos XIX y XX con el hecho de la existencia de una densa «cultura local» y una lengua, la gallega, de muy amplio uso social. La tesis general habla, en un primer momento, de que la lengua gallega no se constituyó a lo largo del Antiguo Régimen como «lengua de civilización», a pesar de haber sido con anterioridad un código escrito de notable prestigio y se explican e interpretan las razones de ello. En un segundo momento, se señala que la escuela de los dos últimos siglos interviene con fuerza en los procesos de nacionalización española, con general criterio uniformizador desde el punto de vista cultural y lingüístico, rechazando por ello el reconocimiento y la valoración positiva e integradora de otras manifestaciones culturales e idiomáticas, lo que en el caso gallego se traduce en prácticas formativas que a lo largo de unos 150 años contribuyeron, sobre todo, a la deslegitimación de la «cultura local» y de los usos lingüísticos ordinarios de los escolares. Al fin, se señala que esta actuación se ha venido modificando, sin embargo, a lo largo de las dos últimas décadas del siglo XX.ABSTRACT: The contribution, with a title that could be enigmatic and which is explained, aims to examine how teaching in Galicia, throughout the 19th and 20th centuries, has confronted the fact that there is a dense «local culture» and a language, namely Galician, which is widely used by society. First of all, the general thesis describes how the Galician language was not constituted as a «language of civilization» during the Former Regime, in spite of the fact that it had previously been a written code of outstanding prestige and the reasons for this are explained and interpreted. Secondly, the work explains that during the last two centuries the education system

  19. La Asociación Alonso Quijano de Madrid: participación social en la salud mental The Alonso Quijano of Madrid Association: social participation in mental health

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    Juan Carlos Casal Álvarez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo recoge las experiencias personales y asociativas con la Asociación Alonso Quijano de Madrid que he vivido desde el año 2002. La Asociación Alonso Quijano está inscrita en el registro de Asociaciones de la Comunidad de Madrid, se fundó en el año 1999. La Asociación Alonso Quijano es una Asociación para acompañar, apoyar y reflexionar en la experiencia de la locura. Desde su fundación el rol que asumen los participantes es el de ciudadanos con los mismos derechos y obligaciones y sin poner etiquetas. Es una asociación donde la participación de las personas con problemas de salud mental es muy relevante.This article, brings together, the individual and collective experiences that I had the opportunity to experience with the Alonso Quijano of Madrid Association since 2002. The Alonso Quijano Association is registered in the Official Association Register of the Madrid Local Government,and was established in 1999. Alonso Quijano Association is an association to monitor, support and reflect on the experience of madness. Since its origins, the members asume the rol of citizens with the same rights and obligations without labelling anybody. It is an association where the involvement of people with mental health problems is very important.

  20. Modelos bíblicos para reyes visigodos: un estudio a partir de las Sentencias de Isidoro de Sevilla = Biblical Models for Visigothic Kings: a Study on the Sententiae of Isidore of Seville

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    Dolores Castro

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda una de las principales funciones del texto bíblico en la Edad Media, al analizar el uso de modelos bíblicos en las Sentencias (c. 633 de Isidoro de Sevilla. En rigor, un estudio de las referencias explícitas a los reyes hebreos Saúl, David y Salomón permitirán advertir cómo Isidoro, gran conocedor de las Sagradas Escrituras, apela a las personalidades bíblicas para enseñar y transmitir a las elites visigodas su propia definición de monarquía. En un contexto signado por el recuerdo de la rebelión que convirtió a Sisenando en el nuevo rey de los visigodos en 631 y la reunión, dos años más tarde, del IV concilio de Toledo, el obispo de Sevilla acentuaba a través de los ejemplos bíblicos la condición humana de todo rey, al indicar las virtudes necesarias pero también los vicios a los que debía hacer frente, con éxito, un verdadero rey.This article focuses on one of the main functions of the Biblical text in the Middle Ages, by analysing the use of biblical models in Isidore of Seville’s Sententiae (c. 633. A study of the explicit references to the Hebrew kings Saul, David and Solomon will allow us to observe how Isidore, an expert in the Sacred Scriptures, uses these biblical figures to teach and communicate to the Visigothic elites his own definition of monarchy. In a context defined by the recent memory of the rebellion that concluded in Sisenand’s rise to the throne in 631 and the Fourth Council of Toledo convened two years later, the Bishop underlines the human condition of every king by discussing the required virtues as well as the vices that a king must confront in order to be considered a true king.

  1. Construcción de pantallas y anclajes en el solar del Mercado de la Encarnación en Sevilla: modelo de cálculo, estudio de desplazamientos y propuesta de intervención

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    Bernal-Serrano, F. J.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The construction of reinforced concrete diaphragm walls under Encarnación Square comes after the demolition in 1972 of the antique “Mercado de Abastos”. Those works were included into the administrative concession of the Sevilla City Council for the constructions of a new market and underground parking. As the project annex, were made the calculation of the building’s diaphragm walls would contain 3 levels underground, with the conditioning factors to avoid damages on the buildings and roads around. The wall’s execution started on July and finished on November 2002. A total of 8835 m2 and 1840 m2 were built with 80 cm and 100 cm of thickness respectively. Once the containment structure was finished, the anchorages works begin between May and September 2003. This investigation exposes the calculation method used for the walls and anchors and shows the graphic of deformation obtained by inclinometers.La construcción de las pantallas en el solar de la plaza de la Encarnación, surge tras la demolición en 1972 del Antiguo Mercado de Abastos. Esta actuación estaba englobada dentro de la concesión administrativa que el Ayuntamiento de Sevilla adjudicó para la construcción de un nuevo Mercado y Aparcamiento Subterráneo. Como anejo del proyecto, se calcularon las pantallas que albergarían 3 niveles bajo rasante, con los condicionantes de minimizar la afección a los edificios y viales circundantes. Las pantallas se realizaron entre Julio y Noviembre de 2002. Se construyeron un total de 8.835 m2 y 1.840 m2 de pantalla de espesor 80 y 100 cm respectivamente. Con la estructura de contención ejecutada, comienzan a realizarse los anclajes provisionales entre mayo y septiembre de 2003. La investigación expone el método de cálculo utilizado para las pantallas y anclajes, los gráficos de deformación y la comprobación con lo realmente medido con los inclinómetros.

  2. Tres tesis doctorales dirigidas por don Manuel de Terán; el paisaje residencial en Madrid (Dolores Brandis, la enseñanza en Madrid (Ana Olivera y el barrio de Salamanca (Rafael Más.

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    Aurelio Nieto Codina

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available La investigación geográfica en España tiene en Manuel de Terán unas de sus personalidades clave, sus aportaciones científicas y su experiencia docente han marcado la evolución de nuestra disciplina; además, su presencia en el mundo académico y cultural hacen de él una figura imprescindible para entender la evolución de la ciencia en nuestro país. Ejemplificamos su labor como promotor de la investigación geográfica glosando tres tesis, que se encuadran dentro de los estudios referidos a la geografía urbana de Madrid, una de las líneas de investigación prioritaria del maestro. En primer lugar, el análisis del barrio de Salamanca, fragmento clave del ensanche histórico madrileño en su sector NE, obra de Rafael Mas. Después, la evolución histórica del paisaje residencial de Madrid y sus ejemplos tipo hasta la década de los setenta, realizada por Dolores Brandis. En tercer lugar, el estudio de la enseñanza en Madrid, una función urbana básica y un derecho de los ciudadanos estudiada por Ana Olivera. Estas obras son testimonio, entre otras, de la existencia de una escuela geográfica surgida de Manuel de Terán.In Spain, Manuel Teranwas some of its key personalities in geographical researchers, their scientific contributions and his teaching experience have marked the evolution of this discipline; in addition, its presence in the academic and cultural world make it an indispensable tool for understanding the evolution of science in our country. We exemplify its work in promoting geographical research glossing three theses, which fall within the studies related to the urban geography of Madrid, one of the priority research lines of the teacher. First,the analysis of the Salamanca district of Madrid historical key fragment extension in its NE Ensanche, written by Rafael Mas. Then, the historical evolution of residential landscape of Madrid and typical examples until the early seventies by Dolores Brandis. Third

  3. END 2014: International Conference on Education and New Developments. Conference Proceedings (Madrid, Spain, June 28-30, 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carmo, Mafalda, Ed.

    2014-01-01

    We welcome you to the International Conference on Education and New Developments 2014, taking place in Madrid, Spain, from 28 to 30 of June, 2014. Education, as an important right in our contemporary world, began since we exist. Knowledge and skills were passed by adults to the young, and cultures began to extend their experiences through various…

  4. Proceedings of the International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM) (8th, Madrid, Spain, June 26-29, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Olga Cristina, Ed.; Boticario, Jesus Gonzalez, Ed.; Romero, Cristobal, Ed.; Pechenizkiy, Mykola, Ed.; Merceron, Agathe, Ed.; Mitros, Piotr, Ed.; Luna, Jose Maria, Ed.; Mihaescu, Cristian, Ed.; Moreno, Pablo, Ed.; Hershkovitz, Arnon, Ed.; Ventura, Sebastian, Ed.; Desmarais, Michel, Ed.

    2015-01-01

    The 8th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM 2015) is held under auspices of the International Educational Data Mining Society at UNED, the National University for Distance Education in Spain. The conference held in Madrid, Spain, July 26-29, 2015, follows the seven previous editions (London 2014, Memphis 2013, Chania 2012,…

  5. International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends (InPACT) Book of Proceedings (Madrid, Spain, April 26-28, 2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pracana, Clara, Ed.; Silva, Liliana, Ed.

    2013-01-01

    We are delighted to welcome you to the International Psychological Applications Conference and Trends 2013, taking place in Madrid, Spain, from 26 to 28 of April. Our efforts and active engagement can now be rewarded with these three days of exciting new developments about what we are passionate about: Psychology and its connections. We take pride…

  6. Types of damage that could result from a great earthquake in the New Madrid, Missouri, seismic zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopper, M.G.; Algermissen, S.T.

    1984-01-01

    In the winter of 1811–1812 a series of three great earthquakes occurred in the New Madrid seismic zone. In addition to the three principal shocks, at least 15 other earthquakes, Io ≥ VIII, occurred within a year of the first large earthquake on December 16, 1811. The three main shocks were felt over the entire eastern United States. They were strong enough to cause minor damage as far away as Indiana and Ohio on the north, the Carolinas on the east, and southern Mississippi on the south. They were strong enough to cause severe or structural damage in parts of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas. The section of this poster titled "Seismic history of the New Madrid region" describes what happened in the epicentral region. Fortunately, few people lived in the severely shaken area in 1811; that is not the case today. What would happen if a series of earthquakes as large and numerous as the "New Madrid" earthquakes were to occur in the New Madrid seismic zone today?

  7. Public Spaces of Protest Framed with Adult Learning and Political Efficacy: Reflections of a Freedom Summer in Madrid and Ferguson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hodges, Traci L.

    2017-01-01

    Traci L. Hodges is a doctoral student in the Educational Leadership and Policy Studies program at the University of Missouri St. Louis. Her research interests are comparative adult education, African American adult education, and critical education. Having witnessed freedom protests in Madrid, Spain, and Ferguson, Missouri, she shares her…

  8. Population cardiovascular health and urban environments: the Heart Healthy Hoods exploratory study in Madrid, Spain

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    Usama Bilal

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Our aim is to conduct an exploratory study to provide an in-depth characterization of a neighborhood’s social and physical environment in relation to cardiovascular health. A mixed-methods approach was used to better understand the food, alcohol, tobacco and physical activity domains of the urban environment. Methods We conducted this study in an area of 16,000 residents in Madrid (Spain. We obtained cardiovascular health and risk factors data from all residents aged 45 and above using Electronic Health Records from the Madrid Primary Health Care System. We used several quantitative audit tools to assess: the type and location of food outlets and healthy food availability; tobacco and alcohol points of sale; walkability of all streets and use of parks and public spaces. We also conducted 11 qualitative interviews with key informants to help understanding the relationships between urban environment and cardiovascular behaviors. We integrated quantitative and qualitative data following a mixed-methods merging approach. Results Electronic Health Records of the entire population of the area showed similar prevalence of risk factors compared to the rest of Madrid/Spain (prevalence of diabetes: 12 %, hypertension: 34 %, dyslipidemia: 32 %, smoking: 10 %, obesity: 20 %. The food environment was very dense, with many small stores (n = 44 and a large food market with 112 stalls. Residents highlighted the importance of these small stores for buying healthy foods. Alcohol and tobacco environments were also very dense (n = 91 and 64, respectively, dominated by bars and restaurants (n = 53 that also acted as food services. Neighbors emphasized the importance of drinking as a socialization mechanism. Public open spaces were mostly used by seniors that remarked the importance of accessibility to these spaces and the availability of destinations to walk to. Conclusion This experience allowed testing and refining

  9. Geochemical fingerprints and controls in the sediments of an urban river: River Manzanares, Madrid (Spain)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Miguel, Eduardo de; Charlesworth, Susanne; Ordonez, Almudena; Seijas, Eduardo

    2005-01-01

    The geochemical fingerprint of sediment retrieved from the banks of the River Manzanares as it passes through the City of Madrid is presented here. The river collects the effluent water from several Waste Water Treatment (WWT) plants in and around the city, such that, at low flows, up to 60% of the flow has been treated. A total of 18 bank-sediment cores were collected along the course of the river, down to its confluence with the Jarama river, to the south-east of Madrid. Trace and major elements in each sample were extracted following a double protocol: (a) 'Total' digestion with HNO 3 , HClO 4 and HF; (b) 'Weak' digestion with sodium acetate buffered to pH=5 with acetic acid, under constant stirring. The digests thus obtained were subsequently analysed by ICP-AES, except for Hg which was extracted with aqua regia and sodium chloride-hydroxylamine sulfate, and analysed by Cold Vapour-AAS. X-ray diffraction was additionally employed to determine the mineralogical composition of the samples. Uni- and multivariate analyses of the chemical data reveal the influence of Madrid on the geochemistry of Manzanares' sediments, clearly manifested by a marked increase in the concentration of typically 'urban' elements Ag, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn, downstream of the intersection of the river with the city's perimeter. The highest concentrations of these elements appear to be associated with illegal or accidental dumping of waste materials, and with the uncontrolled incorporation of untreated urban runoff to the river. The natural matrix of the sediment is characterised by fairly constant concentrations of Ce, La and Y, whereas changes in the lithology intersected by the river cause corresponding variations in Ca-Mg and Al-Na contents. In the final stretch of the river, the presence of carbonate materials seems to exert a strong geochemical control on the amount of Zn and, to a lesser extent, Cu immobilised in the sediments. This fact suggests that a variable but significant

  10. Molecular detection of Hepatozoon spp. and Cytauxzoon sp. in domestic and stray cats from Madrid, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz-Regañón, David; Villaescusa, Alejandra; Ayllón, Tania; Rodríguez-Franco, Fernando; Baneth, Gad; Calleja-Bueno, Lydia; García-Sancho, Mercedes; Agulla, Beatriz; Sainz, Ángel

    2017-03-13

    Different species of apicomplexan protozoans of the genera Hepatozoon and Cytauxzoon can infect domestic cats, but their epidemiology and clinical relevance are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to assess the molecular prevalence of Hepatozoon spp. and Cytauxzoon spp. and to identify associated risk factors and clinical and laboratory abnormalities in a population of cats from Madrid, Spain. Six hundred and forty-four client-owned and stray cats from Madrid, Spain, were included in this study. DNA samples were analyzed by two polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests to detect a partial sequence of the 18S rRNA gene of Hepatozoon spp. and Cytauxzoon spp. In order to evaluate possible associations between infection by these protozoans and epidemiological or clinical parameters, data were collected related to: the season of sample collection, age, gender, spayed/neutered status, breed, living area, lifestyle, outdoor access, contact with other animals, prey on wild animals, history of tick or flea infestation, travel history, ectoparasiticide treatment, previous blood transfusion, previous tetracycline administration in the last 60 days, Feline Leukemia virus (FeLV) and Feline Immunodeficiency virus (FIV) status, positivity to other vector-borne diseases, the presence or absence of clinical signs and hematological or biochemical alterations. DNA of Hepatozoon spp. and Cytauxzoon sp. was amplified from the blood of 10 (1.6%) and 8 (1.2%) cats, respectively. Previous treatment with tetracyclines in the last 60 days, previous administration of blood transfusion, a decrease in haematocrit and an increase in creatinine were associated with Hepatozoon spp. infection. Cytauxzoon sp. infection was more frequent in samples collected during the winter months and in cats living in rural areas. This infection was associated with a FIV-positive status. Some of the cats that were positive for Hepatozoon spp. or Cytauxzoon sp. had been exposed to other vector

  11. Efficacies of prevention and control measures applied during an outbreak in Southwest Madrid, Spain.

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    Anaiá da Paixão Sevá

    Full Text Available Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne disease of worldwide distribution, currently present in 98 countries. Since late 2010, an unusual increase of human visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis cases has been observed in the south-western Madrid region, totaling more than 600 cases until 2015. Some hosts, such as human, domestic dog and cat, rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus, and hare (Lepus granatensis, were found infected by the parasite of this disease in the area. Hares were described as the most important reservoir due to their higher prevalence, capacity to infect the vector, and presence of the same strains as in humans. Various measures were adopted to prevent and control the disease, and since 2013 there was a slight decline in the human sickness. We used a mathematical model to evaluate the efficacy of each measure in reducing the number of infected hosts. We identified in the present model that culling both hares and rabbits, without immediate reposition of the animals, was the best measure adopted, decreasing the proportion of all infected hosts. Particularly, culling hares was more efficacious than culling rabbits to reduce the proportion of infected individuals of all hosts. Likewise, lowering vector contact with hares highly influenced the reduction of the proportion of infected hosts. The reduction of the vector density per host in the park decreased the leishmaniasis incidence of hosts in the park and the urban areas. On the other hand, the reduction of the vector density per host of the urban area (humans, dogs and cats decreased only their affected population, albeit at a higher proportion. The use of insecticide-impregnated collar and vaccination in dogs affected only the infected dogs' population. The parameters related to the vector contact with dog, cat or human do not present a high impact on the other hosts infected by Leishmania. In conclusion, the efficacy of each control strategy was determined, in order to direct future actions

  12. Phenomenology of summer ozone episodes over the Madrid Metropolitan Area, central Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Querol, Xavier; Alastuey, Andrés; Gangoiti, Gotzon; Perez, Noemí; Lee, Hong K.; Eun, Heeram R.; Park, Yonghee; Mantilla, Enrique; Escudero, Miguel; Titos, Gloria; Alonso, Lucio; Temime-Roussel, Brice; Marchand, Nicolas; Moreta, Juan R.; Arantxa Revuelta, M.; Salvador, Pedro; Artíñano, Begoña; García dos Santos, Saúl; Anguas, Mónica; Notario, Alberto; Saiz-Lopez, Alfonso; Harrison, Roy M.; Millán, Millán; Ahn, Kang-Ho

    2018-05-01

    Various studies have reported that the photochemical nucleation of new ultrafine particles (UFPs) in urban environments within high insolation regions occurs simultaneously with high ground ozone (O3) levels. In this work, we evaluate the atmospheric dynamics leading to summer O3 episodes in the Madrid air basin (central Iberia) by means of measuring a 3-D distribution of concentrations for both pollutants. To this end, we obtained vertical profiles (up to 1200 m above ground level) using tethered balloons and miniaturised instrumentation at a suburban site located to the SW of the Madrid Metropolitan Area (MMA), the Majadahonda site (MJDH), in July 2016. Simultaneously, measurements of an extensive number of air quality and meteorological parameters were carried out at three supersites across the MMA. Furthermore, data from O3 soundings and daily radio soundings were also used to interpret atmospheric dynamics.The results demonstrate the concatenation of venting and accumulation episodes, with relative lows (venting) and peaks (accumulation) in O3 surface levels. Regardless of the episode type, the fumigation of high-altitude O3 (arising from a variety of origins) contributes the major proportion of surface O3 concentrations. Accumulation episodes are characterised by a relatively thinner planetary boundary layer ( 2400 m a.s.l.). This orographic-meteorological setting causes the vertical recirculation of air masses and enrichment of O3 in the lower tropospheric layers. When the highly polluted urban plume from Madrid is affected by these dynamics, the highest Ox (O3+ NO2) concentrations are recorded in the MMA.Vertical O3 profiles during venting episodes, with strong synoptic winds and a deepening of the planetary boundary layer reaching > 2000 m a.s.l., were characterised by an upward gradient in O3 levels, whereas a reverse situation with O3 concentration maxima at lower levels was found during the accumulation episodes due to local and/or regional production

  13. Del "scriptor" al "publicus notarius" : los escribanos de Madrid en el siglo XIII

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    María Teresa Carrasco Lazareno

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudio diplomático y jurídicoinstitucional de las escribanías de Madrid en el siglo XIII. Se analiza su evolución desde los primeros "Scriptores» prenotariales conocidos, clérigos y laicos de libre profesión, documentados hasta 1260, hasta la consolidación definitiva de la institución notarial y del instrumento público en el último cuarto del siglo XIII. Se estudian con detenimiento la compleja etapa de transición, en las décadas centrales de la centuria, la figura del «escrivano de congejo de Madrit», profesional estable y antecedente inmediato del escribano público, y la instauración del notariado, de acuerdo con la legislación alfonsina, así como de la escribanía municipal, por otorgamiento de Alfonso X, en 1264. A través de la documentación conservada, se analiza, asimismo, la transformación de la simple carta o «scriptura» testifical en «publicum instrumentum», mediante la valoración de la pervivencia de elementos tradicionales y la aparición de fórmulas diplomáticas que revelan la paulatina introducción.This is a diplomatic and a legal — institutional study about the actuarles offices in Madrid during the Xlllth century Its evolution is analyzed from the first known prenotarial "scriptores», priests and liberal professionals seculars, documented until 1260, until the final consolidation of the notary institution and the public instrument during the last quarter of the Xlllth century There is a detailed study about the complexity of the transitional period, during the central decades of that century, the figure of the «Notary of the Madrid Town Council», as a stable professional and immediate predecessor of the public actuary the establishment of the body of actuarles, according to the Alphonsine legislation, an the municipal actuary office, established by King Alphonse Xth., in 1264. Through the preserved documentation, it is analized, at the same time, the transformation of the simple letter, or

  14. Technical Note: Historic gypsum-kilns (Morata de Tajuña, Madrid

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    Llamas Borrajo, J. F.

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available In the locality of Morata de Tajuña and surroundings there was an important settlement of gypsum pits and limekilns, together with other historical industries, now disappear. These activities were developed mainly during the 1960´s and 70´s, but its production decreased because of changes in the productive processes (substitution of discontinuous processes by continuous ones, higher kilns, etc. (1. Nevertheless, some of these furnaces still remain, as well as ancient workers who have provided important information. Within the research project funded by the Madrid´s Government, entitled: Industrial archaeology: Conservation of the mining and metallurgical heritage of Madrid (IV, ancient gypsum pits have been identified and inventoried. The ancient gypsiferous extraction history was recovered and the productive processes fluxes were reconstructed. The state of the heritage is evaluated and the conservation of some of the elements is recommended. Likewise, the intangible heritage was also investigated, being able to show a legend related with these kilns.En Morata de Tajuña y pueblos limítrofes hay una importante tradición yesera y calera, así como de otras industrias de materiales de la construcción ya desaparecidas, sobre todo en los años 60-70 del pasado siglo, debido a cambios en los sistemas productivos (paso de sistemas discontinuos a continuos, hornos mayores, etc. (1. Por eso aún se conservan algunos hornos y también viven antiguos productores, a los que hemos podido preguntar sobre los procesos productivos. En el marco de un proyecto de investigación de la Consejería de Educación de la Comunidad de Madrid titulado “Arqueología Industrial: conservación del patrimonio minero-metalúrgico madrileño (IV” se están identificando e inventariando viejas yeserías, recuperando la historia yesera local, reconstruyendo los flujos productivos y entrevistando a antiguos operarios. De esta manera, se pretende evaluar

  15. Charles Richard de Beauregard and the treatment of blennorrhagic urethral stenosis in Madrid in the 18th century: Advertising, secrecy and deception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómiz, J J; Galindo, I

    2015-12-01

    Describe the introduction of the treatment for blennorrhagic urethral stenosis in the city of Madrid in the 18th century by the French surgeon Charles de Beauregard, the formulations employed in the preparation of his personal «bougies», the advertising in the press, their marketing and distribution. Nonsystematic review of the Madrid newspaper Gaceta de Madrid y Diario curioso, erudito, económico y comercial (Madrid Gazette, curious, erudite, financial and commercial) between 1759 and 1790. Review of the medical literature of the 18th century preserved in the Fondo Antiguo of the Biblioteca Histórica of Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Historical Resource of the Historical Library of the Complutense University of Madrid). A Google search of «Charles Richard de Beauregard». Charles de Beauregard focused his professional work mainly on the treatment of the urethral sequela of blennorrhagia, phimosis and paraphimosis. He introduced to 18th century Spanish society (with purported originality and clear commercial interests) therapeutic methods based on lead acetate that had already been developed in France by Thomas Goulard. The urethral sequela of diseases such as blennorrhagic urethritis, stenotic phimosis and paraphimosis were highly prevalent in 18th century Madrid and required complex solutions for the practice of urology of that era. Charles de Beauregard introduced innovative but not original treatments that were invasive but not bloody and that provided him with fame and social prestige. He advertised his professional activity and marketed his therapeutic products through advertisements submitted to the daily press (Madrid Gazette, Gaceta de Madrid). Copyright © 2015 AEU. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  16. Análisis de los criterios de movilidad y desarrollo de zonas verdes como factores de sustentabilidad en la implantación urbana de la Universidad de Sevilla (España

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    Alexis Pérez Fargallo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la integración de la Universidad de Sevilla, como organismo disperso en la ciudad, desde la óptica de la sustentabilidad. Las actividades universitarias deben dar lugar a hábitats desarrollados a partir de un objetivo de calidad urbana y con una voluntad de integración en la ciudad, dando lugar a una puesta en valor del entorno donde se ubican. El análisis del modelo de una universidad con una estructura dispersa desarrollada a lo largo de la historia, permite analizar las ventajas e inconvenientes que surgen, tanto en la propia institución como en el espacio urbano que la acoge y a su área de influencia. La disponibilidad de espacios públicos, la accesibilidad y la movilidad en el entorno de los centros universitarios son analizadas desde una visión de sustentabilidad para establecer un diagnóstico que genere una mejor planificación. 

  17. The «C» campanian and grey seudocampanian pottery in the province of Seville | La cerámica campaniense «C» y seudocampaniense de pasta gris en la provincia de Sevilla

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    Juan José Ventura Martínez

    1985-12-01

    Full Text Available We want to make a contribution to the study of the Campanian pottery in the Iberian Peninsula. We analyse a lot of this pottery from various sites of the province of Seville, and carry out the study of the C Campanian pottery, and of the grey-paste pottery connected with it, in this area. | El presente estudio pretende ser una contribución al conocimiento de la cerámica campaniense en el ámbito de la Península Ibérica. En base al material reunido, procedente de diversos yacimientos de la provincia de Sevilla, el planteamiento del trabajo ha girado en torno a la documentación efectiva en dicho ámbito provincial tanto de la cerámica campaniense de tipo C como de una serie de cerámicas caracterizadas básicamente por su pasta gris y que en ocasiones, por sus características técnicas, formales o decorativas apuntan a una inspiración más o menos directa en las producciones propiamente campanienses.

  18. Frankova éra ve Španělsku ze zorného úhlu El Clásica: FC Barcelona proti Realu Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Vakulenko, Darya

    2013-01-01

    Master's thesis "Franco years in Spain through El Clásico: FC Barcelona vs. Real Madrid" explores the football rivalry between Real Madrid and Barcelona teams during the franquismo. The theme of Real Madrid, understood as a team supported and promoted by the Spanish regime is prevailing throughout the paper. Another part describes deep cultural symbolism of FC Barcelona in Catalonian region. The last part unites those two subjects by explaining how their rivalry or El Clásico games, were more...

  19. Profiling the Fatty Acids Content of Ornamental Camellia Seeds Cultivated in Galicia by an Optimized Matrix Solid-Phase Dispersion Extraction

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    Carmen Garcia-Jares

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Camellia (genus of flowering plants of fam. Theaceae is one of the main crops in Asia, where tea and oil from leaves and seeds have been utilized for thousands of years. This plant is excellently adapted to the climate and soil of Galicia (northwestern Spain and northern Portugal where it is grown not only as an ornamental plant, but to be evaluated as a source of bioactive compounds. In this work, the main fatty acids were extracted from Camellia seeds of four varieties of Camellia: sasanqua, reticulata, japonica and sinensis, by means of matrix-solid phase dispersion (MSPD, and analyzed by gas chromatography (GC with MS detection of the corresponding methyl esters. MSPD constitutes an efficient and greener alternative to conventional extraction techniques, moreover if it is combined with the use of green solvents such as limonene. The optimization of the MSPD extraction procedure has been conducted using a multivariate approach based on strategies of experimental design, which enabled the simultaneous evaluation of the factors influencing the extraction efficiency as well as interactions between factors. The optimized method was applied to characterize the fatty acids profiles of four Camellia varieties seeds, allowing us to compare their fatty acid composition.

  20. A low-angle detachment fault revealed: Three-dimensional images of the S-reflector fault zone along the Galicia passive margin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuba, C. Nur; Gray, Gary G.; Morgan, Julia K.; Sawyer, Dale S.; Shillington, Donna J.; Reston, Tim J.; Bull, Jonathan M.; Jordan, Brian E.

    2018-06-01

    A new 3-D seismic reflection volume over the Galicia margin continent-ocean transition zone provides an unprecedented view of the prominent S-reflector detachment fault that underlies the outer part of the margin. This volume images the fault's structure from breakaway to termination. The filtered time-structure map of the S-reflector shows coherent corrugations parallel to the expected paleo-extension directions with an average azimuth of 107°. These corrugations maintain their orientations, wavelengths and amplitudes where overlying faults sole into the S-reflector, suggesting that the parts of the detachment fault containing multiple crustal blocks may have slipped as discrete units during its late stages. Another interface above the S-reflector, here named S‧, is identified and interpreted as the upper boundary of the fault zone associated with the detachment fault. This layer, named the S-interval, thickens by tens of meters from SE to NW in the direction of transport. Localized thick accumulations also occur near overlying fault intersections, suggesting either non-uniform fault rock production, or redistribution of fault rock during slip. These observations have important implications for understanding how detachment faults form and evolve over time. 3-D seismic reflection imaging has enabled unique insights into fault slip history, fault rock production and redistribution.